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Full text of "Old Scottish clockmakers from 1453 to 1850"

OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 



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ENTR\NCE DOOR OF MAGDALEN CHAPEL, COWGATE, EDINBURGH. 



OLD SCOTTISH 
CLOCKMAKERS 

From 1453 to ^5 



COMPILED FROM ORIGINAL SOURCES 
WITH NOTES 

BY JOHN SMITH 

AUTHOR OF "THE HAMMERMEN OF EDINBURGH AND THEIR ALTAR 
"MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS IN ST CUTHBERT'S CHURCHYARD, 
EDINBURGH " (SCOTTISH RECORD SOCIETY SERIES) ; ETC. 



SECOND EDITION REVISED AND ENLARGED 



WITH ILLUSTRATIONS 



EDINBURGH 

OLIVER AND BOYD, TWEEDDALE COURT 

LONDON: 33 PATERNOSTER ROW 

1921 



FOREWORD 

THE abundance and variety of Clocks and Watches every- 
where needs no comment here. They are part of our daily 
life, and it is safe to say that no other article of domestic or 
public utility has so many enduring associations. 

Perhaps these latter are more emphasised in what are 
commonly termed " Grandfather Clocks," a name which at 
once suggests honoured ancestors long since departed. 
Throughout the length and breadth of Scotland they are 
to be seen, and they are treasured by their possessors 
amongst the most valued of heirlooms. Although many 
owners could readily tell to whom their clocks belonged 
originally, yet how few could give any information about 
the craftsmen who made and left so many fine specimens 
of their skill behind them. It is only but fair that the 
names of these patient and clever men should be held in 
remembrance. For that purpose this compilation has been 
undertaken. 

In 1903 a first edition of this volume was published, 
and its instant success made clear that its contents were 
acceptable to a very large number of people. The names, 
data, and notes there given were reproduced in numerous 
papers and magazines all over the country, so much so 
that the intense interest aroused stimulated me to make 
further inquiries which are embodied in this volume. It 
may be mentioned that the occurrence of the Great War 
prevented its appearance sooner. 

The subject is one of some difficulty, as most of the men 
pursued their daily labours in obscure villages and country 
districts, and never had an opportunity of being chronicled 
in written or printed records. The fortunate practice of 

vii 

974483 



viii FOREWORD 

affixing their names on their handiwork is the only clue 
available. 

A careful search into likely sources has unearthed a 
mass of information which is surprising. The printed and 
documentary notes quoted are in a large number of instances 
almost the words of the men themselves, and we thereby 
get a peep into the thoughts and trade customs of the 
period in which they lived. In addition, several cognate 
matters, such as parentage, marriage, and other personal 
details about some of the craftsmen have been inserted, 
making this issue practically a new and fresh contribution to 
our knowledge of the rise and progress of one of the most 
important arts in Scotland. The present volume does not 
claim to give the name and date of every clock and watch- 
maker working in Scotland during the period reviewed. 
In a field of such an unknown and wide range, allowance 
must be made for omissions and errors. Our aim, primarily, 
was to rescue and preserve the memory of men who in their 
day and generation made themselves equal in capabilities 
to their English contemporaries who lived and worked in 
more favourable surroundings. 

My sincere thanks are due to a number of noblemen and 
gentlemen who freely granted permission to view and 
reproduce some of the clocks, etc., in their possession. 

A selection of North of England, Irish, and Isle of Man 
clock and watch makers is given in the Appendix. These 
are culled from a variety of sources for the purpose of 
increasing the scope of this work. 

JOHN SMITH. 

25 ST JAMES' SQUARE, 
EDINBURGH, 1921. 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

No. 

1. Entrance Door of Magdalen Chapel, Cowgate, 

Edinburgh ...... Frontispiece 

2. Clockmakers' Land, Bow, Edinburgh . . Face page \ 

3. Electro- Magnetic Clock, by Alexander Bain, 

Edinburgh . . . . . . ,, 32 

4. Parliament Square, Edinburgh, in the Eighteenth 

Century ....... 42 

{Long Case Clock, in Marquetry Case, by Andrew 
Brown, Edinburgh . . . . . 58 

Long Case Clock, in Walnut Case, by Thomas 
Gordon, Edinburgh . . . . 58 

6. Pinchbeck Watch, with Enamelled Back, by John 

Cleland, Edinburgh . . . . 82 

7. Eight-Day Clock, in Mahogany Case, by James 

Craig, Glasgow ...... 90 

8. Bracket Chiming Clock, in Walnut Case, with 

Ormolu Mountings, by Alexander Dickie, 

Edinburgh. . IO 8 

9. Movement of Non-Dial Chiming Clock, installed 

in St Giles' Kirk, Edinburgh, made and pre- 
sented by Messrs James Ritchie & Son, Leith 
Street, Edinburgh . . . . ,,136 

{Long Case Clock, in Marquetry Case, by Thomas 
Gordon, Edinburgh ....,,166 

Long Case Clock, in Coloured Marquetry Case, 
by Paul Roumieu . ' . . !66 

11. Musical Clock, in Mahogany Case, by John 

Hamilton, Glasgow ... 182 

Musical Clock, in Elm Root Case, by Anthony 

12. J Jeeves, Edinburgh . . . . 206 

Long Case Clock, in Oak Case, by James Cowan, 

. Edinburgh ,,206 

ix 



x LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 

No. 

13. Eight-Day Clock, in Mahogany Case, with Seconds 

Hand from Centre, by Normond Macpherson, 

Edinburgh ...... Face page 232 

14. Magdalen Chapel, Cowgate, Edinburgh . . 236 

15. The Belfry and Clock-Dial, Magdalen Chapel, 

Edinburgh ....... 246 

^Chamber Clock, by Humphrey Mills, Edinburgh . 256 

16. J Facsimile of Brass Fret on Chamber Clock, by 

(^ Humphrey Mills, Edinburgh 256 

17. Lantern or Chamber Clock, in Unique Oak Case, 

by Humphrey Mills, Edinburgh ,, 268 

I Long Case Clock, in Mahogany Case, by James 
Nicoll, Edinburgh 286 

Long Case Clock, in Oak Case, by Thomas Gordon, 
Edinburgh ...... 286 

19. Bracket Clock, in Mahogany Case, inlaid with 

Brass, by James Ritchie & Son, Edinburgh . 316 

20. Watch, with Silver Dial and Gold Centre, by Paul 

Roumieu, Edinburgh 324 

2 ! f Elaborate Musical Clock, by J. Smith, Pittenweem ,, 354 

22. I ,, Enlarged View of Principal Dial ,, 360 

,, Music Dial . 362 

,, Procession Dial ,, 364 

25. Eight-Day Chime Clock, in Mahogany Case, by 

John Smith, Pittenweem ....,, 386 



2 , 

24. ^ 



INTRODUCTION 

THE extent to which the use of clocks and watches prevailed 
throughout Scotland during the fifteenth and sixteenth 
centuries cannot now be definitely ascertained. That there 
were a number of public clocks in various parts of the 
country so widely situated as Peebles, Stirling, Dundee, etc., 
as early as the middle of the fifteenth century, has now been 
satisfactorily proved, and gives rise to the surmise that 
Scotland could compare favourably with England, and even 
with the Continent, as far as numbers are considered at so 
early a period. 

All the evidence available as to the time of their intro- 
duction into Scotland shows that the citizens of the larger 
towns were not only acquainted with such timekeepers, 
but appeared to be quite familiar with their convenience as 
compared with sundials. Along with this the provision 
made sometimes for their purchase, and, in all cases, for 
their upkeep and repair, shows that they were costly articles 
to buy, and that their maintenance was a severe tax on the 
owners. Probably introduced under the auspices of the 
Church, naturally the attention needed, after their erection, 
was under the care or supervision of a priest. In a number 
of the old records of such places as Peebles, Stirling, and 
Dundee (q.v.), it will be observed how careful the citizens 
themselves were, both in the purchase of, and attention to, 
their public clocks. 

Possibly if more of these old Burgh Records were looked 
into, and we can only mention here that a very large number 
throughout Scotland have not been investigated, surprising 
evidence would be found bearing on the early use of 
" knoks." The priestly supervision proves that they were 
of foreign manufacture, and although the natives at that 



xii INTRODUCTION 

time were ignorant of their mechanism, this state of matters 
did not continue long, for towards the end of the fifteenth 
and the opening years of the sixteenth century native artisans 
arose who soon became quite competent to manufacture 
and repair these clocks. Certainly they were not a large 
number, and what there were appear to have had their 
hands pretty full. We only mention two William Purves 
and David Kaye, and in the extracts given from the Burgh 
Records of Aberdeen, Dundee, Stirling and Edinburgh, it 
will be observed that the services of these men were in 
great demand. Probably there were more, but their names 
have not been preserved. All through the sixteenth century 
the numbers were limited, and not until the beginning of the 
seventeenth century do they appear to have increased ; and 
strange to say, the large towns seem to have had the 
fewer. This is made very clear in the notes on the 
Magdalen Chapel, Edinburgh, where, in language sometimes 
quaint and even pathetic, the struggle which the Hammermen 
of Edinburgh had in settling on a maker, and the trouble 
and expense incurred, are described. By 1650 clockmakers 
increased in number and came to be recognised as a branch 
of the locksmith trade, and as this made them members of 
the various Hammermen Incorporations, the minutes of 
their transactions record the progress and encouragement 
given to the art of Clockmaking. 

These Incorporations were of old foundation Edinburgh 
dating from 1483 and there is scarcely a town or district 
in Scotland which has not had a Hammermen's Incorporation, 
some, of course, being of later creation. Each had its 
independent jurisdiction, and all of them did not at the same 
period allow clock and watch makers to become members. 
Among the first to do so was Edinburgh in 1646, Glasgow, 
1649, Haddington, 1753, and Aberdeen, by some oversight 
not till 1800. 

It is interesting to notice that by the middle of the 
eighteenth century clockmakers reached a high state of 
excellence in the making of the ordinary movements of a 
timekeeper ; but instead of endeavouring to simplify parts 
or make new improvements, a large number of capable 
men devoted their time and ingenuity to constructing clocks 



INTRODUCTION xiii 

with curious movements. It may here be stated that there 
is no account to be found of any Scotsman registering a 
patent in connection with clock-making during the whole of 
the eighteenth century. These clocks appear to have been 
regarded as the " Hall Mark " of a craftsman's ability, and 
culminated in the productions of John Smith of Pittenweem, 
details of which are fully given in the notes on clocks of 
that maker on p. 353. 

As the nineteenth century rolled on this class of work 
fell into abeyance, and out of it arose the manufacture of 
astronomical clocks, which not only required great ingenuity 
in their construction, but very accurate calculations for their 
performance. Fortunately Scotland had men equal to the 
task of making such clocks, and we need only mention Thomas 
Reid and Robert Bryson, whose productions in that class of 
work bear testimony to the great skill and excellence our 
native craftsmen arrived at. 

The period when watches began to be used and made in 
Scotland, is one of which no authentic information can be 
given. During the sixteenth century watches in Scotland 
were undoubtedly of foreign make, and probably regarded as 
curiosities. Limited in number, they are credited as being 
mainly in the possession of royal personages. Except 
David Ramsay (q.v.), who was regarded as being the first 
Scotsman to manufacture a watch, there is none other who 
could be named as a contemporary at this period in Scotland. 
The Edinburgh Hammermen's records are silent as to 
watches and watchmakers in the sixteenth century, and it 
is not until the close of the seventeenth century that we find 
any mention of them. The arrival of the Roumieus, 1677 to 
1717, gives us authentic data to go upon, and from this 
period onwards, the manufacture of watches in Scotland 
reached a high state of excellence that has not been equalled 
by any other country. 

The adoption of Free Trade and other factors had a 
direct influence on these old trade incorporations. The 
consequence was a failure of direct supervision of the 
workmen and apprentices. This, combined with the im- 
portation of the cheap American clocks, helped to extinguish 
an industry and a class of craftsmen who had been as 



xiv INTRODUCTION 

necessary in every village and town as the doctor or minister. 
The cheapness of these imported movements made it im- 
possible for our own craftsmen to compete with them, and 
a wave of mistaken prejudice having arisen against the 
preservation of these long case clocks, large numbers were 
destroyed for no other reason than that they were thought 
to be old-fashioned. 

About 1880, the artistic education of all classes brought 
about a different state of opinion. The desire of lovers of 
the quaint and useful to acquire a genuine specimen of 
these old craftsmen's art soon created a demand which has 
quite outgrown the supply. In connection with this demand 
there has arisen a practice that deserves the severest 
condemnation large numbers of clock cases being spoiled 
by the introduction of inlays quite foreign to the period 
when the clock was made. It is perhaps unnecessary 
to mention these absurdities as they are easily seen on a 
case that is overdone, the old maker using only lines or 
banding of the wood, with perhaps a shell or two in the 
door and base, making a fitness of the whole that appeals 
at once to the beholder. Of course we do not allude to 
marquetry, which is a different treatment, but considerable 
care should be exercised in buying a clock with the case 
largely and often vulgarly decorated. The same warning 
applies to cases that are carved, plain oak cases being 
nearly always selected for this maltreatment. It is not 
unusual to see a case, beautiful in proportion, of the orthodox 
Chippendale design, completely disfigured with what appears 
to be Old Scotch or Jacobean carving, a treatment that 
belongs to a period long before Chippendale lived, and, to 
complete the absurdity, with a date added which the maker's 
name on the dial proves to be a gross fabrication. 

This warning was given in the former edition of this 
work, and it is encouraging to see that it has borne fruit, 
for the practice has fallen greatly into abeyance. The 
information in this volume as to when these makers lived 
makes it a difficult matter to hoodwink those who pay any 
attention to the subject, and who can at once detect the 
work of the fabricator. 

During the past ten years or so, large numbers of queries 



INTRODUCTION 



xv 



have been received from possessors of old clocks, asking if 
the maker is considered a good one. Many of these queries 
have been sent from America, Australia, and other parts 
of the world. The same answer applies to all, if after a 
period of one hundred or more years the clock still performs 
its useful duty well, no better reply can be made than the 
clock itself gives as to the merits and capabilities of its 
maker. 

J. S. 




CLOCKMAKERS' LAND, Bow, EDINBURGH. Now demolished. 

House and Workshop on fourth floor of Paul Roumieu, the first watchmaker 
established in Edinburgh, 1677-94. Drawn by T. H. Walker, Esq., from the 
measured drawing by the late Thomas Hamilton, 1830. (See p. 323.) 



[To face page 1. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 



ABERCROMBIE, JAMES. Aberdeen, 1730. j ' *; t \ ; % 

ABERDEEN. Notices regarding the Common,- ClQcks ; r)f ; 
the Burgh of, from the year 1453 to the year 1^92. 

22nd May 1453. "The same day has granted the 
said Aldermen and Council to Johne Crukshanks the 
service of keeping of the orlage for this year and to 
have for his fee for the service of it, xls., and has sworn 
the great oath to do his delligent business to the 
keeping of it." 

22nd November 1493. " The said day the Aldermen 
and divers of the Council and community present for 
the time, for the bigin, reformation and upholding of the 
common knok in the tolbooth, granted to David Theman, 
goldsmith, forty shillings of the three booths under 
the tolbooth for the quhilkis [which] the said David 
and his assigns shall duly big, reform, and uphold the 
said knok, by sight of the town as efferis." 

4th April 1533. "The said day the provest, bailies 
and council, conducit and feit William Wallace to 
jule, set, guide and keegjtheir knok of the tolbooth, 
7or the quhilkis they promised him yearly during 
their will four merkis (Scottis), for the payment of 
the quhilkis they assigned the mails [rents] of the 
booths under the tolbooth that is to say, ilk booth ane 
merk and ordained the master of wark to pay him 
yearly another merk in complete payment of the said 
four merks. And the said William obliged himself 
to mend the said knok and make her sufficient and as 
sufficient as ony man in Scotland can make her, for the 
quhilkis the town shall pay him xxs., that is to say, 

i A 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

xs. now in hand, and the other ten when the knok is 
sufficiently mended and strikes as she suld do." 

loth January 1535. " The said day the council 
present for the time commanded and ordained their 
provest Andro Cullane to send their Tolbooth knok to 
Flanders, and cause mend the same, and gif it can nocht 
be mendit to buy them an new knok on the town's 
expence." 

\2th January 1536. "The said day the provest and 
council present for the time, ordained Andro Cullane 
to write for the man that makis the touns knokis and 
cause '"him to come home with the same and set her 
up at the town's expence, and what expence he makes 
thereon he shall be thankfully paid of the same again." 

2-$rd July 1537. "The said day the provest and 
council present for the time thought expedient and 
ordained that their own knok, which was reformed and 
mended by Friar Alexander Lyndsay, should be set 
and input again in the most convenient place of their 
tolbooth where she might be securely kept, and that to 
be done immediately by the advice of the correkar of 
the same at the tounis expensis." 

\$th October 1537. "The said day the council 
devised and ordained that there should be five merkis 
given to Friar Alexander Lyndsay for the completing of 
their knok, quhilk they ordain to be taken up of the 
readiest of their mails [rents] of Don." 

^th October 1538. "The said day the council assigns 
five merks to be given to David Bruce yearly by the dean 
of guild for his good service to be done in keeping and 
tempering of their knok within the Tolbooth for his fee." 

27 th June 1539. "The said day the council ordained 
Mr Andrew Tulidaf, dean of guild, to pay William 
Purves five merks (Scottis) for the mending of their 
knok in the tolbooth, the quhilk he delivered to him 
at command of the provest this day and was discharged 
thereof (on the quhilk he took note)." 

This William Purves is undoubtedly the same clock- 
maker who was a burgess of Edinburgh in 1540; see 
notes also on the clocks of Dundee and Stirling Burghs. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 3 

July 1539. "The bailies ordained Mr Andrew 
Tulidaf, dean of guild, to pay Robert Vyschert xs. 
for the painting of the tolbooth horologe within viij 
days." 

22nd May 1548. "The said day Robert Hovesoun, 
valcar, is convicted by the sworn assize for the spoiling 
of the tounis knok of their tolbooth, and the said 
Hovesoun is ordered to reform and mend the said knok 
by the aid of craftsmen as far as he hath skaythit 
[spoiled or damaged] her in any way, and for the 
offence done the assize ordered him to come on Sunday 
come eight days and gang sark alane, bare feet and 
bare leg, afore the procession with an candle of wax 
of ane pound weight in his hands, and there after to ask 
the provest and bailies forgiveness on his knees in the 
town's name and if he commit ony sick lik faut in time 
to comeing to be burnt on the cheek and banished 
the town during the tounis willis." 

Jth April 1560. "The said day the bailies ordered 
Johnne Lowsoun, treasurer, to pay and deliver to David 
Elleis xxxiijs. iiijd. for the keeping of the knok of the 
tolbooth, from the decease of William Barclay quhill the 
feast of Whitsunday next to come." 

%th December 1582. "The said day the haill council 
being warned to this day, ratified and approved the 
contract made between the council and Jon Kay 
Lorymer, anent the mending of the town's three knoks 
and buying from him of the new knok, for payment 
to the said Jon of two hundred merks conform to the 
said contract and consenting to the lifting and raising 
of the said sum of the haill burgess of guild and 
craftsmen of the said burgh, and to be taxed every one 
according to their power and possession." 

\Jth December 1595. "The said day the provest 
and council considering that the two common knokis of 
the burgh, to wit, the kirk knok and the tolbooth knok, 
since Martinmas last has been evil handled and ruled and 
hes nocht gane during the said time, therefore feit 
Thomas Gordone, gunmaker, to rule the said two knokis 
and to cause them gang and strike the hours rightly 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

both day and night quhilk the said Thomas promised 
faithfully to do, for the quhilk the council ordained 
him to have for his pains in ruling both the said knokis 
weekly six schillings aucht pennies." 

2$t/t January 1597. "The quhilk day the provest, 
bailies, being conveened upon the supplication presented 
to them by David Andersone, younger, bearing that he 
had devised an instrument of his own ingenuity to draw 
and make dials or sun horologes, and that he was willing 
to make one on the fore wall of the said burgh which 
should show hours very justly by the sun with every 
month of the year the langest, shortest, and equi- 
noctiall dayis and when the same should be perfect 
and ended he would refer his recompence for his pains 
to the guid discretion of the provest, bailies and council 
at their pleasure ; the which supplication being thought 
reasonable they allow David to upput one dial or sun 
horologe on the tolbooth on sic pairt thairoffas sail be 
thocht meit and expedient." 

30^/2 September 1618. (i The said day in respect the 
town's common knokis to wit, the kirk knok, tolbooth 
knok, and college knok, are out of all frame and order 
and are not sufficient and able to serve the town 
pairtlie because they are auld and worne, and pairtlie 
for want of skilful men to attend them, therefore, 
it is thought meet that the magistrates write south 
with all diligence and try quhair the best knock- 
macker may be had and cause bring him upon the 
town's charges to this burgh and visit the knokis 
thairof, that such of them as may be mended be accord- 
ingly done and sic as will not mend be made new as 
soon as the same can be conveniently gotten done." 

ist December 1630. "The council grants forty 
pounds of fee yearly to Robert Mailing for his pains in 
rewling of the town's three clocks, to wit, the Kirk 
clock, Greyfriars Kirk clock, and Tolbooth clock, and 
ordains the town's treasurer to answer him of twenty 
merks and the master of kirk work of forty merks yearly, 
in complete payment of the said sums during his service 
at the two usual terms in the year Whitsunday to 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 5 

Martinmas in winter by equal proportions beginning the 
first term's payment at Martinmas last, and so forth, 
thereafter aye quhill (until) he be discharged by the 
council." 

igth September 1632. "The provest, bailies and 
council nominates and appoints Alexander Willox, 
wricht to be keeper and rewlar of the town's common 
clockis, to wit, the tolbooth clock, the clock of the high 
kirk, and college kirk, as likewise to ring the town's 
common bell in the tolbooth steeple at five hours in the 
morning and nine hours at even and ilk Wednesday 
to the Council at aucht hours in the morning for the 
space of an year next after the date hereof, and grants 
to the said Alexander for his service and fee during the 
said space the sum of one hundred merks (Scottis) to 
be paid to him quarterly by the master of kirk wark. 
Likewise the said Alexander being personally present 
accepted the said charge in and upon him and promised 
to do honest duty therein." 

nth June 1645. "The quilk day anent the suppli- 
cation given in to the provest, bailies and council 
by Robert Melvill, son to umquhill David Melvill, 
stationer burgess of this burgh, making mention that 
quhair his said umquhill father being but an cautioner 
for Edward Raban, printer of this burgh, for payment to 
the master of mortified moneys of this burgh of 
the principal sum of five hundred merks (Scots), yet 
by his own consent before his death allowed that 
such a number of books should be given to their 
honours of the council for satisfaction of the said 
sum ; likewise it pleased their worships of the council to 
give the credit of the selling thereof ay and until they 
were sold without any definite time, because the 
supplicant could not take upon him to be comptable 
(accountable) for the money and prices thereof, but 
according as the occasion should serve that the books 
were bought by several persons who were pleased 
to buy, which might postpone the full payment many 
years and that not through any fault in the supplicant, 
because he never bargained other ways but to give 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

payment as he should receive it, beseeching therefore 
the council to take to their consideration how more 
certainly and shortly their worships might be satisfied 
if it would please them to consider the supplicant's good 
offer, which was that he might be employed for ruling 
of the clocks and bells within this burgh ay and quhill 
the time that the payment which is termerlie for such a 
work may exhaust the full sum of the books which 
as yet are to the fore, and would be a most sure and 
certain payment to the town and that within a definite 
time. Ouilk being read and considered by the Council, 
the said Provest, Bailies and Council nominates and 
appoints the said Robert to enter presently with the 
keeping and ruling of the town's common clocks, 
to wit, the tolbooth clock, the clock of the kirk, and 
college kirk and ordain the fee due to him therefore 
to be allowed in payment of the two hundred and 
seventy-eight pounds fifteen shillings and fourpence 
restand by the said Robert to the said master of 
mortified money conform to the desire of the said 
Robert's supplication, and if he shall be found deficient 
to be removed upon his first fault. Likewise the said 
Robert being personally present accepted the said 
charge and promised to do honest duty therein, and 
instantly received from Alexander Willox, late ruler 
of the said clocks and bells, the key of the baras 
and steeple of the Grayfriars kirk, quhilk opens also the 
door of the clock, and the key that opens the Grayfriars 
door. Item, the key of the kirk door of Saint Nicolas 
kirk with ane key for ye doors of the laich and high 
tolbooth." 

yd September 1651. "The said day Patrick 
Wanhagan and Wm. Cook was received and admitted 
by the Provest, Bailies and Council for ruling of the 
kirk and tolbooth clocks and to the ringing of the 
council bell weekly on Wednesdays and the said 
tolbooth bell and kirk bell on preaching and lector days 
and to the ringing of the five hour bell in the morning 
and the nine hour bell at evening, and to use all other 
duties belonging to the said office as freely in all 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 7 

respects as umquhill Robert did use the same at any 
time heretofore for payment of such sums of money and 
fees as the said umquhill Robert received for his service 
in the said office ; to wit, four score merks of money 
yearly from the treasurer, aucht pounds money yearly 
from the dean of guild, and forty merks money yearly 
from the master of kirk wark, during the will and 
pleasure of the provest, bailies and council allanerlie." 

\6th April 1672. " The said day anent the supplica- 
tion given in to the council by Patrick Kilgour, knock- 
maker in the said town, mentioning that quhair he 
being desired by some of their number to come to this 
burgh for going about his employment therein, he held 
it his duty to obey their desires and that if they should 
be pleased to accept of his service and to admit him 
freeman of his calling and grant him freedom of public 
burdens for his lifetime for what might concern his 
employment and give him assurance thereanent he 
should endeavour to carry and behave himself dutifully 
as becomes ; and withal in further testimony of his 
respects for the credit and good of this burgh he should 
oblige himself to make and deliver unto them before 
Lammas next ane knock of brass about the bigness 
of ane house knock, which should be ane pendulum 
of the best form which should go for aucht days at 
one winding up and should strike the hours punctually, 
and should have a good bell with the motion of the 
day of the month, and should have an pais, and should 
stand no higher from the floor than the height of an 
man and he should oblige himself that the knock 
should be as sufficient and handsome as any knock 
made elsewhere and that he should uphold the same 
good and sufficient during his abode in this burgh as 
in the said application was contained, which the Council 
having heard and considered they agree and condescend 
that the petitioner shall have free liberty for going 
about his calling and employment within the said 
burgh and that he shall be free of any taxation or 
impositions within the same, in so far as may concern 
his calling during his lifetime he always giving assurance 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

for performance of what is above mentioned to be done 
by him betwixt and the time above expressed in manner 
above set down and no other ways. Likewise Patrick 
Moir, bailie, Alexander Gordon, master of Kirk wark, 
John Andersone, William Thomsone and Robert Clerk, 
persons of the Council dissanented that the said Patrick 
Kilgour should be free from taxation with the said 
burgh for his calling for any time coming." 

gth November 1692. "The said day William Soupar, 
master of kirk wark, having presented to the provest, 
bailies and council his condescendence and agreement 
with Patrick Kilgour, watchmaker in the said burgh, 
anent the ruling of the kirk clock and ordering the 
better ringing of the bells which is as follows : That 
the said Patrick shall bind himself by contract to trans- 
late the said clock into ane pendulum work conform 
to the newest fashion and invention done at London 
for regulating the motion of the said clock and causing 
her to go just. 

" Item, to make some new stangs and nuts for the 
movement of the four hands for the making of them 
go all equal alike ; 

" Item, to rectify the motion of the globe with a new 
screw wheel of iron for turning the said globe about ; 

"Item, to make an engine to cause the pendulum and 
the four hands be in constant motion as well in the 
time that the paces are a drawing up as at other time, 
so that the clock shall not at any time stop her motion ; 

"Item, to cause the said clock strike the hours swifter 
that the people may not weary in telling of them ; 

"Item, to bush the privat holes which are worn in 
the said clock to the effect the wheels may run the 
easier and not stop, and to help the stopping of the 
half hours and cause them ring at their due time ; 

"Item, to raise the great bell in the said steeple 
and to cast and found two new cods of bell metal 
for the said bell to hang and ring in them, and to renew 
the two gudgeons of the said bell and to do all and 
sundry other things necessary for the causing the said 
bell and other bells in the said steeple ring more easily. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 9 

"For which he is to have two hundred merks after 
finishing of the same. And likewise represented to 
them that he had agreed with the said Patrick 
Kilgour to maintain and uphold the said clock of Saint 
Nicolas Kirk well going and in good order, as also 
the motions of the globe and movement of the four 
hands, and also to furnish oil for the said clock and 
three bells in the said steeple on his own proper charges 
during his lifetime and residence within this burgh, 
and to have therefore forty merks yearly. The present 
bailies and Council grant warrant to the said William 
Soupar to enter in contract in the terms above written." 
Aberdeen Council Register and Btirgh Record. 

ABERNETHY, SCOTT. 96 Kirkgate, Leith, 1836-50. 
ADAIR, JAMES. Charlotte Street, Stranraer, 1820. 
ADAIR, STAIR. Castle Street, Stranraer, 1820. 
ADAM, JOHN, n Smith Hills, Paisley, 1820-38. 
ADAM, JOHN. Candle Street, Alloa, 1837. 
ADAM, JOHN. High Street, Lanark, 1835. 
ADAM, JOSEPH. Clock Dial Maker, Glasgow, 1837. 
ADAMSON, CHARLES. High Street, Montrose, 1820-37. 
ADAMSON, JOHN. Crossgate, Cupar-Fife, 1837. 
ADAMSON, . Anstruther, 1818. 

" WATCH LOST. There was lost in the neighbour- 
hood of Colinsburgh about ten days ago a Silver watch, 
maker's name, T. Birness, London, No. 4006. Whoever 
has found and will return it to Mr Adamson, Watch- 
maker, Anstruther, will receive one guinea of reward." 
Edinburgh Advertiser, 2Oth March 1818. 

ADAMSON, . Kilmarnock, 1850. 

AITCHISON, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1765. 

" One of the boys educated in George Heriot's 
Hospital was bound apprentice to James Cowan, 2Qth 
January 1765." E. H. Records. 

AITCHISON, JOHN. 27 South Bridge, Edinburgh, 1850. 



10 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

AITCHISON, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1756-90. 

" One of the boys of George Watson's Hospital, 
booked apprentice to James Cowan, Edinburgh, 24th 
July 1756." 

He appears to have been the first apprentice this 
celebrated maker indentured. 

" Discharged of his indentures by James Cowan 23rd 
July 1763. Presented a bill craving an essay and 
essay masters to be appointed in order to his being 
admitted a freeman Clock and Watch maker in Edin- 
burgh Hammermen, 7th May 1768. Admitted on I2th 
November 1768, his essay being a horizontal watch 
movement, begun, made and finished in his own shop 
in presence of Alex. Farquharson, William Downie 
and James Sibbald, essay masters, and James Cowan, 
landlord." E. H. Records. 

Was in partnership with William Turnbull (q.v.) at 
this date, the firm being known as Turnbull & Aitchison. 

" A WATCH LOST. That about four weeks ago or 
thereby a Metal Watch was lost in the neighbourhood 
of Edinburgh, having a tortoise-shell case stained on 
the outside of a lightish coloured ground, with a variety 
of figures painted thereon, in particular the figure of 
a butterfly, maker's name, Woods, Shrewsbury. There 
was a steel chain at the watch and a pebble seal having 
thereon a lion rampant. Motto, Courage, and J. C. under 
it. Whoever has found the said watch will please restore 
it to Robert Aitchison, watchmaker, opposite the City 
Guard, Edinburgh, who will give a handsome reward 
therefor, or in case the said watch may have been sold 
to or pledged with any person, it is requested that they 
will immediately restore it to the above R. A., who 
besides paying what may have been given or advanced 
upon the watch will give a guinea of reward and no 
questions asked." Caledonian Mercury ^ 23rd January 
1783- 

" A GOLD WATCH CASE LOST. Yesterday, the 26th 
current, there was lost betwixt the hours of one and 
three afternoon a plain gold watch case between Edin- 
burgh and the Botanic Gardens. Whoever finds the 
same and will return it to Mr Robt. Aitchison, watch- 
maker, back of the City Guard, shall be handsomely 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 11 

rewarded. It is entreated that goldsmiths and others 
to whom it may be offered for sale will please retain 
it and give information as above." Ibid., 26th May 1783. 

" A WATCH LOST. There was lost on Sunday last 
at Leith, or in passing over some ships to go by boat, 
a remarkably neat silver watch, maker's name, Robt. 
Aitchison, No. 503. If any person has found the same 
and will return it to Mr Aitchison, watchmaker, High 
Street, Edinburgh, they will receive a reward of two 
guineas and it is entreated that if the watch is offered 
for sale she may be stopt and information given to 
Mr Aitchison." Ibid., I5th September 1788. 

Sale of the Stock of Watches, etc., and utensils 
which belonged to the deceased Robert Aitchison, watch- 
maker in Edinburgh, advertised in Caledonian Mercury^ 
3 ist December 1790. 

"Alexander Aitchison, medical student, Edinburgh, 
served Heir General to his cousin, Robert Aitchison, 
watchmaker there, dated 22nd June 1790. Recorded 
2Qth June 1790." Services of Heirs. 

AITCHISON, WILLIAM. 91 South Bridge, Edinburgh, 
1807. 

AIKEN OR AITKEN, DAVID, sen. Carnwath, 1790-1845. 
" David Aitken, watchmaker at Carnwath, served 
Heir General to his father, John Aiken, Tailor there, 
dated 4th March 1803. Recorded 9th March 1803."- 
Services of Heirs. 

AIKEN OR AITKEN, DAVID, jun. Carnwath, 1840-75. 
AITKEN, ALEXANDER. 98 Queen Street, Glasgow, 1836. 

AITKEN. GEORGE. Parliament Square, Edinburgh, 
1781-85. 

" Compeared on 3rd November 1781 and presented 
his essay, being a clock timepiece with dead seconds, 
begun, made and finished in the shop of Samuel Brown, 
in presence of Samuel Brown, landlord, David Murray, 
Robert Clidsdale and Thomas Sibbald, essay masters, 
as they declared." E. H. Records. 

"WATCH AND CLOCK MAKING. George Aitken, 
Parliament Square, returns his grateful thanks to the 
public and his customers in particular, at the same time 



12 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

takes the liberty to inform them that he has on hand 
at present for sale a good assortment of watches and 
clocks at very reasonable prices. Such as please to 
favour him with their orders may depend on having 
their commissions punctually attended to. 

" N.B. Repeating watches and all other kinds of 
watches properly repaired." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
1/j.th November 1785. 

AITKEN, JAMES. Markinch, 1837. 

AITKEN, JAMES. 64 Broomielaw, Glasgow, 1841. 

AITKEN, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1750-1779. 

"Son of John Aitken, wright in Canongate, booked 
apprentice to John Steil, Edinburgh, 28th July 1750. 
Transferred to James Cowan and discharged of his 
indentures by him on 24th July 1756. Presented a 
bill to be admitted a freeman clock and watch maker 
in Edinburgh Hammermen, 6th May 1758. Compeared 
on 3rd February 1759 and presented his essay, being 
a watch movement made and finished in his own shop, 
as James Cowan, his landlord, Daniel Binny, and George 
Aitken, his essay masters declared, which was found 
a well wrought, etc., and the said John Aitken was 
admitted a freeman clock and watch maker of this 
Incorporation." E. H. Records. 

11 HOUSES AND GROUND IN CANONGATE TO BE 
SOLD. All and whole that tenement of land lying in 
the Canongate and on the north side thereof, a little 
above the Tolbooth, consisting of three stories, a cellar, 
a garret, a bowling green, summer house and garden, 
which belonged to John Aitken, late watchmaker in 
Edinburgh, arid paid of rent yearly preceding Whit- 
sunday last 27, IDS. stg. 

"Creditors of the said John Aitken are requested 
to meet in John's Coffee House upon Monday, the 
25th January at 12 o'clock midday." Caledonian 
Mercury, 4th January 1779. 

Admitted a member of Lodge St David, Edinburgh, 
I4th June 1758. 

AITKEN, JOHN. New Street, Dairy, Ayrshire, 1850. 
AITKEN, PETER. 96 Argyll Street, Glasgow, 1841. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 13 

AITKEN, ROBERT. Island, Galashiels, 1836. 
AITKEN, WILLIAM. Haddington, 1805-37. 
ALCORNE, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1733-60 (see below). 

ALCORNE, RICHARD. Edinburgh, 1694-1738. 

" Son to Mr Henry Alcorne, essay master of his 
Majesty's Mint, Edinburgh, booked apprentice to 
Andrew Brown, Edinburgh, loth November 1694. 
Compeared 25th September 1703, and presented his 
essay, viz., a pendulum clock with alarum and short 
swing, a lock to the door with a key, which was found 
a well wrought essay, etc. His essay masters were 
Andrew Brown and Murdoch Grant ; his essay was 
made in Richard Mill's shop. He paid the boxmaster 
[or treasurer] fifty-three pounds six shillings and eight 
pennies (Scots) as the half of his upset [or entry money] 
and the other half was paid to William Herring." 

^rd February 1740. " A motion being made to score 
Mrs Alcorne out of the quarterly pension roll in respect 
of her litigious humour, and refusing the composition 
offered to her by the Earl of Home. The house ordains 
her to be informed of this motion, and if she accept not 
of the offer made her by the said Earl they will next 
quarter day score her off." E. H. Records. 

" James Alcorne, son of Richard Alcorne, clockmaker, 
Edinburgh, served Heir General to his grandfather, 
Henry Alcorne, Essay Master to the Mint in Scotland, 
recorded I5th March 1733." Services of Heirs. 

"James Alcorne, Watchmaker, Edinburgh, served 
Heir General to his father, Richard Alcorne, watch- 
maker, dated 3rd November 1735. Recorded I9th 
January 1738." Ibid. 

"James Alcorne, son of Richard Alcorne, watch- 
maker, served Heir General to his grandmother, 
Margaret Henderson, wife of Henry Alcorne, ist July 
1760." Ibid. 

ALEXANDER, ALEXANDER. Elgin, 1845. 

ALEXANDER, JAMES. Turriff; born 1796; died 1838; 

succeeded by his son George. 
ALEXANDER, GEORGE. Turriff, 1838-50, son of above. 



14 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

ALEXANDER, DAVID CRICHTON. Kilmarnock, 1837. 

ALEXANDER, GEORGE. 27 Timber Bush and 62 Shore, 
Leith, 1813-25. See Robert Alexander, Leith. 

" Patent granted unto George Alexander, watch- 
maker in Leith for his improved mode of suspending 
the card of mariner's compass, being on a principle 
entirely new." Specification of British Patents. 

ALEXANDER, JAMES. Elgin, 1820-45. 

"James Alexander, watchmaker in Elgin, served 
Hei/General to his father, James Alexander, merchant 
there, dated loth November 1845. Recorded I4th 
November 1845." Services of Heirs. 

ALEXANDER, JAMES. Kincardine O'Neil, 1846. 

ALEXANDER, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1667-1707. 

The >]th day of December 1667. "The quilk day 
Jon Alexander, sone lawfull to Alexander Alexander, 
indweller in the Canongate, is booked apprentice to 
Robert Smith, clockmaker." 

The \Tth day of August 1671. "The quilk day in 
presence of the Deakone, compeired personallie Jon 
Alexander, sometime prentice and servand to Robert 
Smith, clockmaker, burgess of Edinburgh, and presented 
his essay to wit, ane kist lock with ane key, ane sprent 
band, ane clok, ane munter, ane sun dyell, qlk was 
found ane weill wrought essay, able to serve his 
Majesties lieges. And thairfore they have admitted the 
said Jon Alexander to be ane ordinary freeman in the 
airt and trade of clockmaker's trade, etc." E. H. Records. 

ALEXANDER, JOHN. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1790. 
ALEXANDER, MARY. Turriff, 1837. 

ALEXANDER, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1708-18. 

Son to the deceased above John Alexander, 
clockmaker, burgess of Edinburgh, compeared on 
nth December 1708, and presented his essay (viz.): 
" Ane eight day pendulum clock, and a lock to the door 
with a key, which was found a well wrought essay, etc." 

The rest of the formula is the same as given in the 
minute dealing with the father's admission, it also 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 15 

applying to every freeman, clock and watch maker, on 
his admission to the Incorporation of Hammermen 
of Edinburgh. 

" His essay masters were William Brown, elder, and 
Richard Alcorne, his essay was made in his mother's 
shop. He payed the boxmaster 1 10 merks for his 
upset, 20 merks for the Maiden Hospital, 1 and the said 
Robert Alexander in token that he consents and 
approves of the Incorporation's Act anent the Maiden 
Hospital, had subscribed the double of this act in the 
Scroll Book." E. H. Records. 

Little is known about this maker, but the fact of his 
name appearing regularly till the year 1718 in these 
records makes it apparent he was at that date located 
in Edinburgh. 

ALEXANDER, ROBERT. Tolbooth Wynd and Shore, 
Leith, 1751-1825. 

There were apparently three generations of this 
name, but authentic proof is awanting to connect these 
Leith makers with the above. All evidence available 
makes it almost certain that they belong to the same 
family. Unfortunately, it is not until the year 1751 
that we have documentary proof of this firm's location. 
In that year Robert Alexander entered into a law plea 
with the Incorporation of Hammermen of Edinburgh, 
about a servitude over a wall that divided their respective 
properties in the Cowgate, Edinburgh. Then in the 
Edinburgh Evening Courant of the 25th July 1764, 
there appears the following advertisement : "Lost on 
Thursday last between Leith and Restalrig, a silver 
watch with a shambo string, the maker's name, 
T. Bennett, London, No. 5640. Whoever has found 
and shall be pleased to return the same to Robert 
Alexander, watchmaker in Leith, shall have a suitable 
reward, and if offered for sale it is hoped will be stop'd." 
In 1773 his son's name appears as being established 
in Tolbooth Wynd, and nearer the end of the century, as 

1 This refers to the Trades' Maiden Hospital which had been founded 
a year or two before this date, an institution that is still carried on. 



16 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

being at Middle of the Shore, emerging in the beginning 
of the next as No. 62 Shore. This last shop was carried 
on under the same name, till the year 1 826 when all record 
of it disappears. Of course, it could not have been in the 
hands of one individual for so long a period, and in 
tracing this family we find that there died at Rose 
Bank, Broughton Road, Edinburgh, on 24th March 
1830, Mr Robert Alexander, late watch and compass 
maker, Leith, aged 84 years. As this person is 
designated as having been at 62 Shore, thus we have 
the unique record of father, son, and grandson, all 
bearing the same name, continuing a business for the 
long period of nearly eighty years. 

ALEXANDER, ROBERT. Bathgate, 1761. 
See note on Linlithgow Town Clock. 

ALEXANDER, ROBERT. Wigton, 1770. 
ALEXANDER, WILLIAM. 28 Arcade, Glasgow, 1841. 

ALEXANDER, WILLIAM, n Nelson Street, Trongate, 
Glasgow, 1836. 

ALEXANDER, WILLIAM PATERSON. Balfron, 1836. 

ALEXANDER, W. A. 9 Nelson Street, Trongate, Glasgow, 
1836. 

ALISON, JOHN. High Street, Montrose, 1798-1822. 
ALISON, JOHN. Foot of Broad Wynd, Leith, 1796. 

ALISONE, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1641-47. 

The Incorporation of Hammermen, Edinburgh, as is 
well known, had their meeting-place in the Magdalen 
Chapel, Cowgate, an old religious foundation which 
had been left to them in trust in 1547. They piously 
carried out the wishes of the foundress, Janet Rhynd, 
so far as the charitable side of the trust lay. 

The Reformation in 1560, however, abolished the 
religious supervision for which the foundress stipulated 
in her deed. The wooden belfry having been found 
unsuitable, they, in 1618 agreed to build a steeple. 
This quaint and modest spire was finished in 1627 and 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 17 

still stands. It contains a large bell, which they were 
at the expense of bringing from Flanders, but it was 
not till 1641 that there is mention of a " Knok." The 
introduction of this clock was the means of James 
Alisone's name appearing in their records. Always 
cautious before incurring expense, they sent for this 
maker from Cupar in Fife to enquire as to cost, etc. 
He carried out the contract, and in the notes on the 
clock and bell of the Magdalen Chapel will be found 
all that is to be gleaned about this man, who evidently 
was not resident here after 1647. See also note on 
Dundee Town Clocks. 

ALLAN, JAMES. Cheapside, Kilmarnock, 1820-37. 
ALLAN, JAMES. Wellington Place, Aberdeen, 1836. 
ALLAN, JAMES. Holburn Street, Aberdeen, 1846. 
ALLAN, JAMES. Kilmarnock, 1807. 
ALLAN, JOHN. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1800. 
ALLAN, WILLIAM. Kilwinning, 1837-50. 
ALLAN, WILLIAM. Aberdeen, 1703. 

ALLAN, WILLIAM. Aberdeen, 1807. 

" Margaret M'Kenzie or Allan, wife of George 
M'Kenzie, merchant, Aberdeen, served Heir General 
to her father, William Allan, watchmaker there, dated 
1 8th April 1807. Recorded 2 5th May 1807." Services 
of Heirs. 

ALSTON, JOHN. Tolbooth Wynd, Leith, 1794. 
ALSTON, JOHN. 77 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 1811. 

ALSTON, JOHN. 32 Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, 1806. 

"A GOLD WATCH LOST. There was lost on the 
forenoon of Wednesday, the 1 6th November, somewhere 
near the Head of the Pleasance, a Gold Watch, with 
a metal chain. It is requested that the person who 
may have found it will return it to Mr John Alston, 
watchmaker, No. 32 Nicolson Street, and he will be 
handsomely rewarded." Edinburgh Evening Courant y 
1 7th November 1808. 

B 



18 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

ANCRUM, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1703. 

" Son to William Ancrum, wright in Edinburgh, is 
booked apprentice to Andrew Brown, Edinburgh, 
1 3th May 1703." E. H. Records. 

ANDERSON, ANDREW. Dundas Street, Comrie, 1837. 
ANDERSON, CHARLES. Aberdeen, 1699. 
ANDERSON, GEORGE. 36 Green, Aberdeen, 1837. 

ANDERSON, GEORGE. South Street, St Andrews, 1860-92. 

Son of William Anderson (see below), died 9th May 

1892, aged 77 years. Business continued to present day. 

ANDERSON, HENRY. Tulliallan, 1820. 

ANDERSON, HERCULES. Bervie, 1837. 

ANDERSON, JOHN. Dunse, 1776-1802. 

"John Anderson, clockmaker in Dunse, served Heir 
General to his father, Alexander Anderson, Portioner 
of Redpath, dated I4th April 1802. Recorded i6th 
April 1802." Services of Heirs. 

ANDERSON, WILLIAM. South Street, St Andrews, 
1832-67. 

Died 4th July 1867, aged 76 years. 
ANDERSONE, DAVID. Aberdeen, 1597. 

See note on Aberdeen Town Clocks, page i. 
ANDREW, ALEXANDER. Portsoy, 1830. 
ANDREW, WILLIAM. Huntly, 1837. 

ANDREW, WILLIAM. Perth, 1791-95. 

Apprenticed to Patrick, Gardener, Perth, 1791 ; 
admitted freeman of Perth Hammermen Incorporation, 
1795- 

ANGUS, George. 72 Broad Street, Aberdeen, 1790-1830. 
" NOTICE TO WATCHMAKERS. A box containing 
fourteen silver watches for George Angus, Aberdeen, 
Watchmaker, under address to Mackie & Mackenzie, 
merchants there, was forwarded the I9th of August 
from the Mail Coach Office, Edinburgh, on its way from 
London, and has never since been heard of. The delay 
is supposed to have taken place south of Dundee. 
G. Angus subjoins the numbers of the watches and 
requests that if any of them be offered to sale, they may 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 19 

. be stopped. Any person who has found the box will 
receive a handsome reward by applying to him or 
to any of the mail coach proprietors upon the road. 
Numbers, etc, of the 14 watches : Two, George Angus, 
Aberdeen, No. 218-219, pinions of seven leaves; twelve, 
T. Berress, London, No. 1194, 1200, 1198, 1199, 2001, 
2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009. A fitler frame, 
and dial, 2 gross chain hooks, four files." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 27th August 1799. 

"John Angus, Advocate in Aberdeen, served Heir 
General to his father, George Angus, watchmaker there, 
dated I3th February 1830. Recorded 23rd February 
1 830." Services of Heirs. 

" His son John Angus, M.A., was Town Clerk of 
Aberdeen for 35 years, 1840-1875. A younger son 
James, also M.A., a distinguished student, attended the 
Mathematical Faculty, University of Louvain, 1826-7. 
He died in Aberdeen, 5th February 1828, in the 
2 1st year of his age." Aberdeen Weekly Free Press, 2ist 
November 1914. 

ARBUCKLE, JOSEPH. German Clock Maker, 4 Broom- 
lands, Paisley, 1836. 

ARCHDEACON, THOMAS. 8 William Street, Greenock, 

1837- 
ARGO, . Peterhead, 1784. 

ARGYLE, DUKE OF. Whim, Peeblesshire, 1730. 

"Whim, a small property in Peeblesshire, was 
purchased in 1730 by the Duke of Argyle. His Grace 
was a clever artist and mechanic. It is reported of him 
that he made a clock to perform for thirty years with 
only once winding up, and for a case put it into the 
skeleton of a favourite horse. An old woman came into 
his workshop with a pot to mend, and as the workmen 
happened to be out, she took his Grace for the black- 
smith, and asked him to put a foot on her pot. The 
Duke fell to work, finished the pot, and would take 
no payment, telling her to come back again when it 
went wrong. She gave him many thanks, and, as 
a recompense, promised to knit a pair of stockings for 
him, but what was her surprise when a servant in rich 



20 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

livery entered and unbonneted before the blacksmith. 
The poor woman, when she knew it was the great 
Argyle, shook and trembled, and although assured 
he was not angry with her went home with a quaking 
heart." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 6th June 1839. 

ARMOUR, JOHN. Kilmaurs, 1780-1808. 

ARNOT, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1723. 

" Son to the deceast George Arnot, Balgerthly ; 
booked apprentice to Thomas Gordon, Edinburgh, 
23rd March 1723." E. H. Records. 

ASHENHEIM, JACOB. 61 New Buildings, North Bridge, 
Edinburgh, 1818-38. 

AULD, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1795-1823. 

" Was discharged of his indentures by Thomas Reid, 
4th May 1799. Compeared on 3rd May 1806, and 
presented his essay, the detached escapement of a 
clock begun, made, and finished in the shop of Thomas 
Reid, landlord, in presence of Robert Green, Laurence 
Dalgleish, and Thomas Sibbald, essay masters, as they 
declared, and was accordingly admitted a member of the 
Hammermen." E. H. Records. 

Assumed as partner with his master, Thomas Reid, 
in 1806, the business being then carried on in 
Parliament Close. They removed in 1809 to 33 Princes 
Street, carrying it on till 1823; being at this latter 
date in No. 66, when both partners retired from active 
business. 

For a fuller account of the class of work which this 
well-known firm executed, the reader is referred to 
the notes on Thomas Reid. There it will be seen 
that it was of the most intricate character, and it is 
safe to say that both partners must have had complete 
satisfaction in their art, seeing it was so congenial 
to both of them. Possibly there are few business 
partnerships where two partners have shown such 
devotion to each other as Thomas Reid and William 
Auld, Closely related by marriage ties during life, 
in death they were not divided. Both sleep their last 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 21 

sleep in the one tomb, which is situated in the Old 
Calton Burying Ground, Waterloo Place, Edinburgh, 
and it records in a remarkable manner the close 
connection that existed between these two men. The 
tomb is situated on the south wall of the burying 
ground, and is enclosed with high walls and iron gate ; 
the southmost end being entirely occupied by the 
memorial stone, which is divided into three compart- 
ments, two of smaller size, one on each side ; leaving the 
centre compartment a great deal larger. The pediment 
on top bears that it is the burying-ground of William 
Auld. The inscription on left-hand compartment is 
as follows : 

" To the memory of John Auld, Merchant, St 
Andrews, died 1751, and was buried in the Cathedral 
Church Yard. 

"William Auld, Printer, Edinburgh, died 1777, 
and was buried in the Grey Friars Church Yard. 

"Malcolm Ogilvie, merchant, Edinburgh, died 1792, 
and was buried in the Grey Friars Church Yard. 

" Alexandria Ogilvie, widow of William Auld, printer, 
afterwards wife of Thomas Reid, watch maker, Edin- 
burgh, and was buried in Grey Friars Church Yard." 

On right hand compartment : 

"To the memory of William Auld, Clock and 
Watch Maker, Edinburgh. Born nth November 17 
(stone illegible), died 6th October 1846; and of Isabella 
Scott or Auld, his spouse. Born i8th May 1779, died 
loth October 1850. Also Catherine Scott, her sister, 
born 20th September 1780, died loth October 1863." 

These inscriptions occupy a modest space in the 
memorial stone, the larger part being taken up with the 
epitaph of Thomas Reid, the account of which will 
be found in the notes on that maker, where it is given in 
full, as signs are not awanting that in a few years it will 
be a matter of some difficulty to decipher the lettering, 
owing to decay in the stone, unless steps are taken 
to recut them. Seeing that the whole tomb has been 
erected by William Auld, it indicates in a remarkable 
manner, the esteem that he held for his partner 
and relation, Thomas Reid. That the esteem was 



22 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

reciprocated is shown by Thomas Reid, dedicating his 
famous treatise on clock-making to William Auld, 
remarking in the introduction that his practical 
knowledge is a sufficient testimony for so doing. These 
examples go to show the harmony that existed between 
these two men, which Auld as long as he lived never 
forgot, and, as will be noticed further on, was remembered 
by him in a manner that even to this day preserves the 
honoured name of the firm of Reid & Auld. 

Although retired from active business in 1823 his 
interest in his art was not allowed to lie dormant, for 
at a meeting of the Royal Scottish Society of Arts 
held on 3ist May 1841 the following donation was 
made : 

" A timepiece of Parisian manufacture, which 
belonged to the late Mr James Cowan, watchmaker, 
Edinburgh, made for him while he resided in Paris 
in 1749, and which on his death in 1781 became the 
property of Mr Thomas Reid, watchmaker, Edinburgh, 
his successor. Presented by Mr William Auld, 69 
Great King Street, Edinburgh." 

Again, at a meeting of the same society held on 24th 
November 1845, the following donations were laid 
on the table : 

" I. An engraved print with letterpress description of 
a beautiful bronze clock, supposed to be of the best 
Florentine period, the original works by Romilly of 
Geneva, now the property of Mr B. L. Vulliamy, 
clockmaker to the Queen, London. Presented through 
William Auld, Esq., by Vulliamy. 

" 2. Engraved portraits of the following Horologists : 
(i) Julien le Roy, Horologer du Roi ancien Directeur de 
la Societa des Arts ; (2) Abraham Louis Breguet, 
Member de 1'Institut Royal de France ; (3) Mons. 
Vaucher, Horologer ; (4) Mons. Loque, Bijoutier. 
Presented by William Auld, Esq., 67 Great King Street, 
Edinburgh, who was thanked by the meeting for 
these donations." 

It may be here noted that Mr Vulliamy was after 
this elected an honorary associate of the Royal Scottish 
Society of Arts, and he later donated some valuable 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 23 

records in connection with the new clock which was 
about to be made for the Houses of Parliament, 
London. 

However slight these gifts may now appear, yet 
it was only a foretaste of his deep interest in Horology, 
which culminated in his founding through this Royal 
Scottish Society of Arts what became to be known 
as the " Reid and Auld Bequest." 

Intimation of this Bequest was made public at 
a meeting held on Monday, loth November 1851. 

" The President intimated to the meeting that the 
finances of the Society had been increased by the 
legacy of 200 bequeathed by the late William Auld, 
under the title of the Reid and Auld Bequest, and which 
had now been paid to the Society. The terms of 
the bequest are : ' That the annual interest is to be 
given in one, two, or three prizes to Master or Journey- 
men clock and watch makers for the best model of 
anything new in that art or line of business, and if no 
model is invented in the course of any year, or one 
so trifling as to be unworthy of attention, then the 
produce of the bequest for that year to be paid by 
the Society in charity to such of the poor of the trade 
residing in and within ten miles of Edinburgh as 
the treasurer of the Society in his discretion shall 
select." 

Accordingly, the bequest took its place in the prize- 
list of the Society and the earliest mention of it which 
we have been able to find occurs in the published 
Transactions for the year 1854-55, where it is entitled 
" The Reid and Auld prizes." 

" For the first, second, and third best models 
of anything new in the Art of Clock or Watch making 
by journeymen or master watch or clock makers, if 
these should be considered worthy of prizes, a sum 
of Ten Guineas, divided amongst them in such pro- 
portion as the Prize Committee shall fix according to 
merit." 

This formula continues to be the only way of 
announcing the bequest down to present day, the 
only alteration being the amount of money proposed to 



24 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

be given each year, which, generally speaking, was 
either seven or eight guineas. As far as we have 
been able to find, this Reid and Auld Bequest is the 
only one of its kind in Scotland left exclusively for 
the encouragement of the Science of Horology, and 
we now give a list of the prize-winners who satisfied the 
examining committees from time to time as being 
considered worthy of the prize : 

" To Mr Henry Kerr, 10 South Saint James Street, 
Edinburgh, for the superior workmanship displayed in 
the execution of an Electric Clock Pendulum, exhibited 
by him on I3th April 1857. 

''Note. This prize is awarded by the Committee 
not for the pendulum, but for the superior workmanship 
shown in it. The Reid and Auld prize fund being 
for rewarding superior workmanship exhibited in any- 
thing new in the Art of Clock or Watch Making by 
journeymen or master. The Reid and Auld prize, 
value three sovereigns. 

" To Mr Frederick James Ritchie, Clock and Watch 
maker, Edinburgh, for his working model and description 
of the Clock Drop for the Time Ball on Nelson's Monu- 
ment, Edinburgh. Exhibited and read 25th April 1859. 
The Reid and Auld Prize, value nine sovereigns. 

" To Frederick J. Ritchie, Edinburgh, for his com- 
munication on the means adopted for securing extreme 
accuracy in the Time Gun signal, read and illustrated 
by a working model and experiments, 22nd July 1861. 
The Reid and Auld Prize, value seven sovereigns. 

"To Henry Kerr, Clock and Watch Maker, Dundee, 
for the ingenuity displayed in the two new Gravity 
Escapements invented by him and exhibited to the 
Society, I3th April 1863. A grant of five sovereigns 
out of the Reid and Auld Bequest. 

"To Victor Kullberg, Chronometer and Watch 
Manufacturer, 12 Cloudesly Terrace, Islington, for his 
description of improvements on the Chronometer 
Balance, read and illustrated by a model and drawings, 
nth April 1864. The Reid and Auld Prize, value 
seven guineas. 

" To Frederick James Ritchie, Clock and W r atch 
Maker, Edinburgh, for his paper on Electro-Sympathetic 
Clocks and Time Signals (No. 4297) ; read and illus- 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 25 

trated by drawings and models, 28th April 1873. The 
Reid and Auld Prize, value ten sovereigns. 

"To George H. Slight, C.E., Workshop Super- 
intendent, Trinity Wharf, London, for his description . 
of an improved Centrifugal Governor for regulating 
the Revolving Machinery of Light Vessels and Light- 
houses, read nth January 1875, No. 4332. The Reid 
and Auld Prize, value five sovereigns. 

" To Frederick James Ritchie, for his paper on a 
Method of Correcting Clocks by Hourly Currents of 
Electricity ; read and illustrated by drawings and 
instruments on nth March 1878. The Reid and Auld 
Prize, value ten sovereigns. 

" To George W. Warren, Watchmaker, London, for 
the description of his instrument for Registering and 
Printing the Fares on Omnibus, Tramcar, and other 
Tickets, and simultaneously issuing the same, read and 
illustrated by the instrument and drawings, 22nd March 
1880. The Reid and Auld Prize, value ten sovereigns. 

" To John S. Matheson, Chronometer Maker, Leith, 
for his contrivance for winding up Chronometers with- 
out reversing their suspension, described and illustrated 
by an example read on 22nd November 1880. The 
Reid and Auld Prize, value three sovereigns. 

" To Peter Stevenson, Philosophical Instrument 
Maker, Edinburgh, for his description of Meteorological 
Apparatus constructed for the late Lord George, 8th 
Marquess of Tweeddale (No. 4497) ; illustrated by draw- 
ings and instruments and by some of the volumes of 
Records continued for ten years. Read on 25th 
February 1884. A Reid and Auld Prize, value ten 
sovereigns. 

" To William Sturrock, Jeweller and Watchmaker, 
12 St Andrew Square, Edinburgh, for his paper on 
Sturrock & Meek's Automatic 24 hours' Dial for Clocks 
and Watches (No. 4514); read on 27th April 1885 
and illustrated by a large Model Dial. A Reid and 
Auld Prize, value five sovereigns. 

" To Walter Macdowall Hardie, Printer, Edinburgh, 
for his Fluid Prisms of novel construction, exhibited 
and described on I2th April 1886 (No. 4537). A Reid 
and Auld Prize, value ten sovereigns. 

"To William Sturrock, Watchmaker, 12 St Andrew 
Square, Edinburgh, for his paper on an Electric 
Illuminated Time Indicator; read and illustrated by 



26 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

the instrument in action on 23rd January 1888 (No. 
4570). A Reid and Auld Prize, value three sovereigns. 

" To William Sturrock, for his paper on a Magnetic 
Electric Time Indicator (No. 4643), read on nth 
January 1892. A Reid and Auld Prize, value three 
sovereigns. 

" To John Davidson, Watchmaker, Wick, for his 
paper on an Automatic Memorandum Clock (No. 4662), 
read on 28th November 1892. A Reid and Auld 
Prize, value ten sovereigns. 

u To W. B. Blaikie, Edinburgh, for his paper on 
the Cosmosphere (No. 4716), read on the 25th March 
l %95> A Reid and Auld Prize, value twenty sovereigns. 

" To William Shaw, for his paper on an Electric 
System of Mechanical Ventilation (No. 4767), read 
on the nth April 1898. A Reid and Auld Compli- 
mentary Silver Medal." 

This last date, 1898, represents nearly a period of 
fifty years that the fund has been in existence, and it 
would be invidious to continue it down to date, but 
our purpose is to call attention to this unique and little 
known bequest and to show how it has been taken 
advantage of during that long period. No doubt 
surprise will be exhibited in reading over these awards 
for it is difficult in some cases to see where the terms 
of the bequest come in, but it will be noticed that the 
trend of the inventions submitted are more or less in 
connection with electricity, showing the fascination 
this subject has with a large number of inventors. It 
must be a matter of congratulation to Scotland that 
the first to enter the field of the application of Electricity 
to Horology was our countryman Alexander Bain (q.v.). 

Of course it is well known that it is now a matter 
of some difficulty to invent anything new in Horology, 
but it is easy to see that something more practical will 
have to be tried to render the bequest of any use. 
This view of the matter has apparently dawned on 
the Society itself, for as late as 1894 a strong appeal 
was made in their own published Transactions, calling 
attention to this and other bequests in their hands, and 
inviting applications from the public, but evidently with- 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 27 

out much success. Seeing the prize has only been 
awarded some eighteen times in half a century, one 
would naturally suppose that the latter part of the 
bequest, namely, the relief of poor clockmakers would 
have been regularly attended to, but, strange to say, 
it is not till about 1876 that the first mention, of a 
donation for a charitable purpose appears. In that 
year a sum of five guineas was allowed to poor clock- 
makers, and from that date up to 1897 sums varying 
from 2 up to 12 in one year were applied to charity. 
This latter sum was only given once, and the average 
works out at something like 4 annually spent in relief 
of poor clockmakers. 

This again brings out the curious fact that either 
clockmakers in necessitous circumstances are practically 
non-existent or else the terms of the bequest are un- 
known. 1 Want of funds cannot be blamed for this state 
of affairs, for the sum of the bequest stood in 1874 at 
576, 75. 3d., consisting of capital 322, 153. 8d. and 
revenue unexpended amounting to 253, us. 7d., the 
whole producing for that year a revenue of ^"28, 55. lod. 
and in 1896-97 the fund stood at ^809, 53., producing 
an income of 61, 2s. 5d. 

This splendid result speaks volumes for the careful 
manner with which the original sum has been invested 
and watched over by the Royal Scottish Society of 
Arts, but surely something could be done to make this 
Reid and Auld Bequest of more use and benefit to the 
trade in Scotland. It might be presumptuous to say 
how this could be done, but the hint can only be thrown 
out that if steps were taken to apply the funds, or 
even a part of them, to the prize list of the technical 
schools or colleges in Edinburgh or wherever the science 
and art of Horology is taught, an impetus would be 
given to an industry that at the present moment is 
almost entirely overlooked and starved for want of such 
a special fund as the Reid and Auld Bequest, which is, 
as we have shown, now lying practically useless. 
1 A special circular was issued by the Royal Scottish Society of Arts 
in 1907 drawing attention to this matter. 



28 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

AUSTEN, JOHN. Dundee, 1836. 

AYR OR EYR, BENJAMIN. Edinburgh, 1765-70. 

"Booked apprentice to James Duff, Edinburgh, 
1 2th February 1765. Was by the consent of parties 
allowed to serve out the remainder of his time with 
James Cowan in place of James Duff, his present 
master, on 23rd March 1770." E. H. Records. 

BAIN, ALEXANDER. Hanover Street, Edinburgh, 1838-77. 
" Mr Bain's name will always be honourably associated 
with the progress of electric science, more especially 
with the adaptation of electricity to the purposes of daily 
life. His special department was what may be called 
electro-horology, and to him the public are indebted for 
originating one form of electric clock which, with 
certain modifications, has been found of immense 
service as an exact means of measuring time. 1 As 
it turned out, however, the sanguine inventor was found 
to have reckoned without his host. The soil not 
unfrequently became too dry to set up the necessary 
galvanic action and, of course, the alternative of having 
a chemical battery as an adjunct to the clock proved 
a formidable drawback to the general utility of the 
invention. It was found, moreover, that a pendulum 
moved by electricity, owing to unsteadiness in the 
supply of the motive power, did not keep the most 
exact time, and the more recent attempts at electric 
clockmaking have aimed at the removal of such irregu- 
larity by applying the current in a different way. 

" At the same time Bain's invention has been turned 
to good account in a modified form, which he himself 
does not seem to have originally contemplated. It was 
Wheatstone, who, on the first introduction of the 
electrically-moved pendulum, suggested the idea of an 
electrically-controlled pendulum, which was taken up 

1 An account of Mr Bain's clock is given on p. 35. In that 
description it will be noted that the pendulum was employed to move 
the clock, and had this expectation been realised there can be little 
doubt that electric clocks would soon have come to be in general 
request, seeing that most people would gladly be saved the trouble of 
daily or even weekly winding up the domestic time-keeper. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 29 

and successfully worked out by Mr Jones of Chester. 
Under this arrangement a standard clock is enabled by 
means of an electric current to regulate the pendulum 
motion of any number of other clocks, and so make the 
latter keep time with perfect precision. It is thus that 
the clock which fires the time gun on the Castlehill, as 
well as several other clocks in Edinburgh, are controlled 
by a standard clock at the City Observatory, and indeed, 
the method is now in use all over the country for the 
purpose of keeping public clocks up to Greenwich time. 

" But Mr Bain's versatile inventive faculty was not 
confined to this particular department. His attention 
was early directed to the improvement of the apparatus 
in use in telegraphy, and after various experiments, in 
which his knowledge of chemistry came to his aid, 
he produced the electro-chemical printing telegraph 
which bears his name, and which, although temporarily 
discarded for the Morse or American system, seems yet 
destined under the hands of subsequent inventors to 
ultimately supersede all others. 

" At a time when the attention of electricians was 
being directed to fast-speed automatic telegraphy, it 
was only natural that Bain's chemical system should be 
taken up. Wheatstone employed it as an improved 
recorder for his well-known self-acting system, but it 
was left to an American, Mr Edison, to utilise it to 
the greatest extent, and show what it is capable of 
accomplishing. By the employment of several wires 
and an automatic transmitter the almost incredible 
speed of upwards of 1000 words a minute has been 
obtained. 'This being done,' remarked Sir Wm. 
Thomson at the British Association meeting at 
Glasgow, * by the long neglected electro-chemical 
method of Bain, long ago condemned in England to 
the helot work of recording from a relay and then 
turned adrift as needlessly delicate for that' 

"To this extent has Mr Bain's original invention 
been already perfected, and with it his name is probably 
destined to be best known. Enough has been said to 
show that Mr Bain was well entitled to be regarded as 



30 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

a public benefactor. It would appear, however, that he 
himself did not reap much permanent benefit from the 
efforts of his inventive genius. At one time he is 
understood to have realised a considerable fortune, but 
this he subsequently lost, mainly, it is believed, through 
the over-sanguine prosecution of the undertakings which 
absorbed his attention. For one thing, he is said to 
have invested heavily in a stock of electric clocks from 
which he found it impossible to realise anything like 
the return he had expected. 

" On leaving Edinburgh he betook himself to 
London, but it does not appear that he there succeeded 
in retrieving his position, and latterly his friends found 
it necessary to take steps for affording him pecuniary 
assistance. A representation of his case to the Royal 
Society secured from that body a donation of 150. 
An application was likewise made to the Government 
to have his name put on the Civil List, and in the 
beginning of December 1873, a letter was received from 
Mr Gladstone intimating that he had been granted a 
pension of 80 per annum. Meanwhile, poor Bain 
had quitted London for the North, leaving the matter 
in charge of a friend to receive any communication 
which might be directed to him from Downing Street. 

" When the welcome announcement of his pension 
came, the beneficiary could nowhere be heard of. The 
circumstances were communicated to us, but a consider- 
able interval elapsed before personal inquiries and 
advertising led to his discovery. This well-bestowed 
recognition of his labours, however, Mr Bain did not 
long enjoy. He was recently stricken by paralysis, 
and completely lost the power of his lower limbs. He 
was received at the New Home for Incurables at 
Broomhall, Kirkintillcch, where he died last week, and 
was interred in the burying-ground in the neighbour- 
hood known as the Old Aisle Cemetery. 

" Mr Bain, who was a widower, was about sixty-six 
years of age, and a native, we believe, of Thurso. Photo- 
graphs of him were recently presented to the Society of 
Telegraph Engineers in London, and the American 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 31 

Society of Telegraphers, at Philadelphia. As already 
stated, Mr Bain's valuable discoveries brought him but 
little fame or reward during his lifetime ; his memory 
is therefore the more entitled to the grateful remembrance 
of all who take an interest in the advancement of 
science." Scotsman, loth January 1877. 

This kindly-worded memoir was evidently written by 
one who had known him well, and may be taken as 
authoritative. The Dictionary of National Biography 
gives a short account of him, and supplements the 
foregoing information that he served his apprenticeship 
with a watchmaker in Wick, and also that he received 
as much as seven thousand pounds for his electric 
telegraph patent. This large sum of money was 
principally lost in litigation, a fact fully brought out 
after his death, for we notice in contemporary news- 
papers that even then claims were put forward by some 
taking full credit for the invention, implying that the 
claimants had at least a good share with the success or 
otherwise of the same. 1 Be that as it may, the opinion 
held at the present time is that Alexander Bain, if not 
the first in the field, was the first Scotsman to enter the 
then unknown science of Electricity as applied to 
Horology. Subjoined is a list of his patents and dates 
compiled from the Specifications of British Patents^ as 
published by the Patent Office, No. 9, old series 

ist Patent, dated nth January 1841, No. 8783, 
granted to Alexander Bain and John Barwise. 

2nd Patent, dated 27th May, 1843, No. 9745, granted 
to Alexander Bain. 

3rd Patent, for electric telegraph, dated 25th Septem- 
ber 1845, No. 10,838, granted to Alexander Bain. 

4th Patent, for clocks, dated I9th February 1847, 
No. 11,584, granted to Alexander Bain. 

5th Patent, for clocks, dated 29th May 1852, 
No. 14,146, granted to Alexander Bain. 

1 A book entitled An Account of some Remarkable Applications of 
Electric Fluid to the Useful Arts, with a Vindication of Mr Alexander 
Bain's Claim to be the First Inventor of the Electro-Magnetic Clock, 
published in London, 1843, by John Finlaison. 



32 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

The following non-technical accounts of his inventions 
and robbery of his premises are deserving of preserva- 
tion, as the sources from which they are taken are 
difficult to get together, but they give scant justice to 
the talents of one, who, unfortunately in- these days, is 
wellnigh forgotten. 

" Society of Arts Meeting held on I4th April 1845. 
In the absence of Mr Alexander Bain, the patentee, Mr 
Bryson, V.P., exhibited and described Mr Bain's 
Electro-Magnetic Clock. The clock was exhibited 
in action by means of a current obtained from the 
earth. 

" Mr Bain obtains the electricity by which his clocks 
are moved from the earth. He buries a quantity of coke 
in the ground and at the distance of a few feet or more 
he buries one or more plates of zinc. These two 
elements with the intervening soil form a galvanic 
battery from which a uniform current of electricity of 
very low tension is obtained. It is the constancy of 
this current which renders it available as a motive 
power for time-keepers. The current is led from the 
coke and the zinc by means of copper wires, the two ends 
of which terminate in the upper part of the clock. To 
obtain motion from this current, Mr Bain forms a 
pendulum of fir rod, and instead of the ordinary bob he 
employs a coil or bobbin of copper wire, the wire being 
covered with cotton thread. In the centre of this 
bobbin is a hole, upwards of an inch in diameter, 
through which is passed a case containing two sets 
of bar magnets, having their similar poles placed 
opposite each other with a small interval between them. 
The coil has freedom of motion along the case con- 
taining the magnets, and when the pendulum is at rest 
the coil stands over the adjacent similar poles of the 
magnets. From the coil proceed two wires up the back 
of the pendulum rod. One of these is attached to 
the steel spring by which the pendulum is suspended, 
and that is in metallic connection with the copper wire 
proceeding from one of the elements of the battery (say, 




ELECTRO-MAGNETIC CLOCK. 

By Alexander Bain, Edinburgh ; patented 1845. Shown at the 
Glasgow Historical Exhibition, 1911. The property of William B. 
Smith, Glasgow. (See p. 32.) 



[To face page 32. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 33 

the zinc). The other wire from the coil terminates 
in a metallic disc near the point of suspension of 
the pendulum, while the wire proceeding from the other 
element of the battery (say, the coke) terminates in 
a screw on one side of the disc above mentioned. 

" This disc is like a small inverted pendulum capable 
of falling to the right and left alternately when its 
centre of gravity becomes changed by the alternate 
motion of the pendulum. When the disc falls to the 
one side the current flows through the wire, but when it 
falls to the other side upon a detent the current 
is broken. On the return of the pendulum the disc 
again falls on the screw attached to the wire and renews 
the connection betwixt the positive and negative sides 
of the battery. By this contact a stream of electricity 
passes through the wire and coil, and as this takes 
place when the pendulum is at its extreme point 
of deviation, at each alternative beat, the coil has 
at that moment one of the sets of bar magnets nearly 
in its centre. 

" Previous discovery had shown that, when a coil 
of copper wire is thus situated with respect to a bar 
magnet, it will immediately, on a stream of electricity 
being passed through it, and provided it has freedom of 
motion, be impelled towards one or other of the poles of 
the magnet according to the direction of the current of 
electricity. 

" It is this fact of which Mr Bain has availed himself 
to give motion to the pendulum of his clock, and, 
accordingly, whenever the pendulum is at its extreme 
point of deviation from the perpendicular on one side, as 
already described, it receives an impulse in aid of 
its gravitation from the action of attraction and repulsion 
of their different poles exerted by the bar magnets 
on the electrified coil of wire forming the bob of 
the pendulum. When the pendulum moves to the other 
side the disc falls to the opposite side, and the current 
of electricity being thus broken the pendulum returns by 
the action of gravity alone. In this manner, Mr Bain 
maintains the oscillations of the pendulum, which thus 

c 



34 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

becomes the prime mover of the clock, and by simple 
mechanical adaptations is made to drive the three index 
wheels. Mr Bain's invention, however, does not end 
here, for by a very ingenious contrivance he can make 
the principal pendulum clock keep in motion as many as 
twenty or thirty other clocks which will keep exact time 
with itself. 

" Mr Bain has contrived several methods of con- 
necting the pendulum with the wheels of the clock, and 
one in particular, where the connection is maintained 
without contact and consequently without friction. 
These were explained to the meeting as was also the 
plan which Mr Bain has in view for making the electric 
clocks strike the hours. 

" The great advantage which these clocks present 
over those of ordinary construction is that they never 
require to be wound up. Their accuracy as time-keepers 
will depend on two points the uniformity of the electric 
current obtained from the ground and the perfect com- 
pensation of the pendulum for temperature and 
moisture, an element of importance in the construction 
of all clocks. So far as experience goes, report 
speaks favourably of the performance and uniformity of 
the electric current, and if this point is established 
Mr Bain's invention must be regarded as completely 
successful, and his clocks will be introduced into general 
use. 

" It was mentioned that Sir Thomas Brisbane, whose 
eminence as an astronomical observer is well known, 
has ordered one of these clocks from Mr Bain in order 
to institute a series of observations upon its qualities as 
a time-keeper. This, however, has chiefly in view its 
fitness for nice or astronomical purposes, as from the 
trials already made for six or eight months past, 
it would appear that the Electric Clock keeps as 
accurate time as our house clocks on the common 
construction, and is stated to be no more expensive. 

"Thanks were voted to Mr Bain for exhibiting 
the Clock and to Mr Bryson for describing it." 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 35 

" Society of Arts Meeting held on I2th May 1845 Mr 
Alexander Bain, the patentee, exhibited and described 
his Electro-Magnetic Telegraph. 

" One of the varieties of this telegraph was exhibited 
in action. This was stated to be by far the simplest of the 
electro telegraphs which have been invented. It acts by 
means of a single wire, and can be laid down at the rate 
of about 50 per mile, besides the telegraph apparatus 
which will cost about 12 for each station. When any 
signal is given it is known at all the stations instan- 
taneously, and by a simple contrivance it is known 
to which or from which the message has been sent One 
of these telegraphs is 'to be shortly laid down on the 
railway from Edinburgh to Glasgow. Mr Bain also 
explained the way in which he made the discovery 
leading to the simplification of the electric telegraph." 

11 The public is aware of Mr Bain's invention of 
the electric clock which derives its motive power from 
currents of electricity in the earth. Mr Bain has 
invented and patented another kind of electric clock, 
which was exhibited here on Wednesday by the inventor 
to a few scientific gentlemen, the clock being in 
Glasgow and the pendulum in Edinburgh. By means of 
the electric telegraph constructed along the railway by 
Mr Bain, he intimated his wish that the pendulum at 
the other end of the line should be put in motion. The 
answer was given with the rapidity of thought, for the 
machinery in the clock instantly began to move, though 
the two were forty-six miles apart. They were joined 
by means of the wire of the telegraph in such a manner 
that by a current of electricity the machinery in the 
clock at Glasgow was made to move correctly according 
to the vibration of the electrical pendulum in 
Edinburgh. 

"The same result could at one and the same 
time have been produced in a clock at the Linlithgow 
and another at the Falkirk stations as well as at 
the Glasgow terminus ; that is to say, the Edinburgh 
pendulum could have equally regulated all the three 



36 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

which would thus have moved together like one 
machine. In like manner, Mr Bain informed us, were 
the telegraphic wires extended over the whole of 
Scotland, and every railway station or town on the line 
had its own electric clock, the pendulum at Edinburgh 
would propel and regulate them all. And still further, 
were England and Scotland united in one grand chrono- 
metrical alliance, a single electric pendulum of this 
description placed in the Observatory at Greenwich 
would give the astronomical time correctly throughout 
the whole country." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 4th 
May 1846. 

" About nine o'clock on Friday night, Mr Bain, 
patentee for electric clocks, and who lately erected one 
in Hanover Street, had occasion to leave his workshop, 
which is situated in an upper flat in Hanover Street, 
to go to the Post Office for a few minutes. On 
his return he found the door on the pass key in the 
same manner in which he left, and on entering was 
amazed to find that the premises had been robbed 
of several gold and silver watches, also a splendid 
chronometer enclosed in a mahogany case, valued 
at $o. It is not known by what access the thieves got 
to the premises. It is supposed that they entered 
by a skylight window from the roof which was open, as 
Mr Bain had not observed it open during- the day. 
Information was given to the police, who are on an active 
outlook for the depredators. The loss sustained is 
thought to be upwards of 130." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, loth April 1845. 

BAIN, GEORGE. Upper Wynd, Brechin, 1837. 
BAIN, JOHN. Stirling, 1786. 

"A WATCH LOST. On Saturday there was lost 
within the town of Stirling, a silver watch with the 
proprietor's name printed within the case, having a 
steel chain and cut ciphered seal, maker's name, 
Beaunett, London, No. 6593. Any person who has 
the same is desired to return it to John Bain, watch- 
maker in Stirling, who will see the person properly 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 37 

rewarded. It is entreated that watchmakers and others 
will keep the marks above mentioned in their eye and 
stop it if offered to sale." Caledonian Mercury, 6th 
September 1786. 

BAIRD, WALTER. Argyll Street, Glasgow, 1848. 
BAIRNSFATHER, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1780-87. 

Booked apprentice to James Howden 22nd March 
1780. Discharged of his indentures 27th March 1787. 

BALLANTINE, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1798. 

"Booked apprentice to George Skelton I2th June 
1798. Discharged of his indentures 4th August 1804." 
E. H. Records. 
BALLANTYNE, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1756. 

"Booked apprentice to Thomas Hall, Canongate, 
I4th October 1756." C. H. Records. 

BALLANTYNE, . High Street, Paisley, 1846. 

BALLANTYNE, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1778-1806. 

" Lost, a silver watch, maker's name, Gibson, Alnwick, 
No. 146. It was dropped between Corstorphine and 
Edinburgh on the 8th curt. Any person who has found 
the same will please return it to William Ballantyne, 
clock and watch maker, Head of Canongate, who will 
reward them handsomely." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
1 5th February 1798. 

"To be sold by public roup on Thursday the 27th 
January 1778, the first story and south garret of a 
tenement in the west side of the Pleasance, a little 
above the Cowgate Port, and nearly opposite to Mr 
Macfarlane's stable. The first story of this tenement 
is possessed by Mr Ballantyne, watchmaker, who pays 
7, 43. of rent." Caledonian Mercury, 26th November 
1777. 

BALSILLIE, ANDREW. Crossgate, Cupar-Fife, 1835. 

BANFF Notices regarding the Kirk Clock of the Burgh 
of, from 1626 to 1886. 

2$th March 1626. "William Williamson, on his 
admission as freeman and burgess, binds himself to 
rule and hold the knok in temper sufficiently daily 
in time coming during his health and abiding in the 



38 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

town on payment to him of 20 merkis yearly, and 
gif the knok happen to be ane quarter ane hour out 
of temper the said William discharges ane quarter's 
payment of his ordinary fee." 

1628. "Payments occur in Treasurer's accounts for 
handling of the knok of the sums of g Scots and 100 
merks, this last being paid to the schoolmaster." 

ijth June 1721. "Orders the Provest and Bailie 
Sym to speak to John Reid, clockmaker, to notice the 
kirk clock and report what will be needful to cause her 
right." 

\%th May 1724. "Paid to John Reid, watchmaker, 
80, los. Scots for the kirk clock." 

1761. "The steeple of the church is reported in 
a ruinous state. The magistrates appoint the bells to 
to be taken down and likewise the clock." 

2$rd April 1762. "Lord Findlater agrees to give 
1 20 guineas for an entry on all lands and heritages 
belonging to his son Lord Deskford holding of the 
town, and offers to give 40 guineas more in a present 
to furnish a clock for the new steeple, or to finish the 
steeple if the voluntary contributions fall short." 

\2th December 1766. "John Marr, mason, cleared 
[finished] anent his work at the steeple. The west 
dial of the steeple clock has hour and minute hands, 
two others have only hour hand. A thirty-hour clock 
has been preferred to an eight-day one. A bell of 30 
inches diameter to be put up in the steeple for striking 
the hours and to be made in London." 

%th December 1767. "The town's funds are greatly 
exhausted this year by repairs on the harbour and 
other public works and purchasing a clock and bell, 
which, with the expenses of the dial plates and putting 
up, cost above 160 Sterling." 

1786. " Keeping the clock in repairs, 60." 

1830. " Valued this year at 15." 

1886. "Salary of keeper of clock, 3, 33." 
From the Annals of Banff, New Spalding Club Series. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 39 

BANNERMAN, GILBERT. Banff, 1821. 

" Marjory Bannerman or Gardiner, wife of William 
Gardiner at Battle, served Heir General to her father, 
Gilbert Bannerman, watchmaker, Banff, dated 28th 
February 1821. Recorded 5th March 1821. Services 
of Heirs. 

BARCLAY, DAVID. Montrose, about 1830. 

BARCLAY, HUGH. Edinburgh, 1717-49. 

" Son to the deceast George Barclay, minister of the 
Gospel at Sprouston, was booked apprentice to Thomas 
Gordon, Edinburgh, nth April 1717. Compeared on 
5th August 1727 and presented his essay, viz., an eight- 
day pendulum clock and a lock to the door, which was 
found a well-wrought essay, etc., and was accordingly 
admitted an ordinary freeman clock and watch maker 
of the Incorporation of Hammermen, Edinburgh. His 
essay masters were Alexander Brownlee and George 
Aitken. His essay was made in Patrick Gordon's shop." 

27^ November 1731. "There being a complaint 
given in by William Sherriff, apprentice to Hugh 
Barclay, against his master for want of work and 
craving to be transferred. The house names Deacon 
Boswell, Deacon Bunkill, Walter Davidson, Alexander 
Brown, James Wilson, Thomas and Patrick Gordon, 
John Brown, clockmaker, and Alexander Brand, with 
the Deacon and Boxmaster, to be a committee to 
consider the above complaint and ordains Hugh Barclay 
to see and answer the complaint against this day 
sennight." 

i%th January 1732. "The house being met, they 
continue the Committee on Hugh Barclay's apprentice 
complaint with the addition of David Hodge, and they 
to report their opinion on betwixt and the next quarter 
day." 

\2th February 1732. "The Committee upon the 
complaint of Hugh Barclay's apprentice and the answers 
thereto, gave in their report, that they had considered 
into the same and examined both master and apprentice. 
And that they had found the apprentice to have been 



40 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

an idle inclined boy and that his complaint was not 
altogether right founded. And that therefore they had 
enjoined him to return back to his master and serve 
him faithfully the remaining time of his indentures, 
otherwise he should have no title to his freedom (of 
the Hammermen Incorporation) and recommended to 
his master to give all the insight and encouragement 
imaginable. The House approves of the Committee's 
procedure yairin." E. H. Records. 

The City Treasurer ordered to pay Hugh Barclay 
2, 8s. for mending the clock in the Tron Kirk steeple {see 
p. 24, History of the Tron Kirk, by Rev. Dugald Butler). 

Hugh Barclay died 2Oth June 1/49. 

BARCLAY, PETER. Lochwinnoch, 1706. 

His name appears as one of the subscribers for the 
work entitled The travels of true godliness from the 
beginning of the world to this present day, by Benjamin 
Heach, Glasgow, printed by Archibald M'Lean for 
Alexander Weir, bookseller in Paisley. This volume 
is believed to be the first work published in Paisley. 

BARCLAY, THOMAS. High Street, Montrose, 1811-22. 

" Thomas Barclay, watchmaker, Montrose, served 
Heir of Provision General to his father, James Barclay, 
Mason there, dated 5th December 1811. Recorded I7th 
December 1811. Services of Heirs. 

BARR, FIDELE and THOMAS. 25 Greenside, Edinburgh, 
1850. 

BARR, MARK. High Street, Lanark, 1836. 

BARR, THOMAS. Lanark, died 2;th April 1890, aged 71 

years. 
BARR, WILLIAM. Muir Wynd, Hamilton, 1808-37. 

"FiVE GUINEAS REWARD. Whereas early on 
Tuesday morning, the I3th curt, the shop of Wm. Barr, 
watch and clock maker in Hamilton, was broken into 
and nine watches carried off, makers' names and numbers 
as follows : 

D. Williamson, London, No. 371. 
N. Preston, London, No. 6013. 
B. Richardson, London, No. 5577. 
A. Anderson, London, No. 243. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 41 

" A hunting watch with a small glass by Richardson, 
London. A close hunting watch, Wm. Barr, Hamilton ; 
a new watch, Edmonds, flat chapter dial, and other 
two watches, names and numbers unknown. 

" This is to give notice that whoever will give such 
information to Wm. Barr, in Hamilton, as will lead 
to the detection of the above articles will receive five 
guineas' reward and no questions asked." Glasgow 
Courier, I5th September 1808. 

BARRIE, ANDREW. 3 South St Andrew Street, Edin- 
burgh, 1840; died 1907. 

" The board of directors of the Edinburgh and Leith 
Gas Light Company are about to confer a boon on 
the inhabitants of the New Town and the Public gener- 
ally, by lighting gratuitously the handsome clock lately 
erected by Mr Barrie at his premises in South Saint 
Andrew Street. From its elevated position in one of 
the greatest thoroughfares and its proximity to the 
railway terminus, this clock will no doubt be found 
more generally useful than any other public time-piece 
in that part of the city." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
nth November 1850. 

BARNETT, JOHN. Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, 1846. 
BARRON, JOHN, Aberdeen, 1801 ; died 3Oth May 1852, 

aged 87. 
BARRON, JOHN, & SON. u Nether- Kirkgate, Aberdeen, 

1836. 

BARRON & GREY, u Nether-Kirkgate, Aberdeen, 1846. 
BATCHELOR, WILLIAM. Dundee, 1816. 
BAXTER, JOHN. 72 South Street and Barrack Street, 

Perth, 1841-43. 

BAXTER, JOHN. Dunkeld, 1836. 
BAXTER, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1797. 
BAYNE OR BANE, JOHN. Stirling, 1777-90. 
BEGG, JOHN. New Town, Glasgow, 1800. 

" John Begg, Watch-maker, Glasgow, Agent for the 
Gum Company, has got a fresh cargo of that well-known 
article for printfields. It is unnecessary to say anything 
with respect to its superior quality to any hitherto 
imported, the quick sales are sufficient. His customers 
may depend on being regularly supplied. Those who 



42 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

wish to purchase should apply as soon as possible. 
Terms of sale, above ten pounds, a Bill of two months ; 
under, ready money." Glasgow Courier, i/th May 1800. 

BEGG, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1804-7. 

" Mr John Begg, watchmaker to His Majesty, 
respectfully informs the Nobility, Gentry, and the 
Public, that he has commenced business in the Watch 
and clock line, in his chronometer workshop at the 
King's Arms, Parliament Square, Edinburgh, where 
may be had on the most approved principles, Time- 
pieces, viz., Longitudinal to go at sea, Duplex and 
detached escapements with ruby cylinders, going fusees, 
of which he has a large assortment. Likewise a variety 
of portable time-pieces in imitation of marble, with or 
without movements. J. B. was regularly bred to the 
business, having served his apprenticeship with a pupil 
of the celebrated George Graham, London, and since 
improved under the first workmen in that city. He had 
the honour of being introduced to His Majesty, who is, 
without exception, the first amateur in Europe, as also 
into the presence of all the Royal Family, in consequence 
of a curious watch invented by himself, and was immedi- 
ately dignified with His Majesty's authority appointing 
him his watchmaker in Scotland. The public can have 
any kind of clock or watch, as he has the making within 
himself, and has some of the first hands in Europe 
employed for this purpose." - Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, /th July 1804. 

"John Begg, the only watchmaker to His Majesty 
for Scotland, announces he has removed his chronometer 
workshop from Parliament Square to 17 Leith Street 
Terrace. Time-pieces, viz., Longitudinal to go at sea, 
Duplex and detached escapements with ruby cylinders, 
going fusees, and also a variety of portable time-pieces. 
J. B. calls attention to a new and singularly constructed 
watch, his sole invention, which some of the most 
competent judges admire as an uncommon production, 
being unrivalled by any professional artist whatever." 
Ibid., 1806. 

These advertisements bring out better than anything 
else the pretensions and recommendations of this 
individual. Overshowed by his near neighbours, such 
as Thomas Reid, James Gray, and others, who, being 
all members of the Incorporation of Hammermen, 




51 
S 



s 

11 



[To face page 42. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 43 

would no doubt look on this man as an interloper, he 
was only saved from legal proceedings by his royal 
appointment, which they dared not challenge. John 
Begg's thoughts about such a society are curiously 
brought out in the evidence that was led in a dispute 
that arose in Aberdeen in 1806. Previous to that date 
clockmakers were not fully under the jurisdiction of the 
Hammermen there, and it was not till that year that 
full control was obtained over them. This was not 
got without some opposition, and the losing side having 
consulted an Edinburgh lawyer, he, in turn, sent a 
communication from John Begg as being an expert, and 
well able to give an opinion. Begg states that there 
are few living that are better acquainted than himself 
with the trade monopoly of the Hammermen Incorpora- 
tion, in consequence of their charter enabling them to 
force and compel watchmakers to join them. 1 He then 
goes on to say that " business is kept out of the country 
in consequence of the heavy dues exacted, and that the 
trade was driven into the hands of those who were not 
trained, so that there is scarcely a cloth shop or hardware 
shop that does not deal in watches, who know no more 
about a watch than a cow does of a new coined shilling, 
and that his trade being an art should be above the 
jurisdiction of any trade and not be shackled by any 
incorporated body." This plain speaking must have 
given offence to his fellow craftsmen, and may account for 
his short tenancy one year of the shop in Parliament 
Square. The Leith Street Terrace address is the last 
trace of him here, the surmise being that the opposition 
of the trade made his business efforts an uphill fight, 
and that he removed from Edinburgh shortly after 1807 

BEGGS, THOMAS. 145 Trongate, Glasgow, 1822-41. 

BELL, ALEXANDER. St Andrews, 1785. 

" OLD ST ANDREWS. The little collection of 
burghal antiquities in the Council Chambers has been 

1 In connection with this compulsion of watchmakers, it will be seen 
in the notes on Dallaway & Son, page 100, that no craft was favoured 
more than another. 



44 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

recently enriched by three interesting additions. The 
first of these is a receipt, or, to be more strictly accurate, 
two receipts of different dates, written on the same 
page of paper, acknowledging payment of salary for 
two consecutive half years for looking after the town 
clock. In the town's safe there are many receipts, but 
this one is of special interest, because it is entirely in 
the handwriting of Bailie Bell, and proves that for a 
time he was keeper of the town clock, a fact which 
escaped the notice of Southey in writing the life of 
the Bailie's famous son, Dr Andrew Bell, the founder 
of the Madras College. Southey tells that the father, 
Alexander Bell, was a man of extraordinary abilities, 
and having acquired no inconsiderable degree of 
mechanical and practical science, added to his original 
trade of barber that of clock and watch maker, and 
regulated by observations the timepieces in the public 
library of the University. Surely the town clock was 
of much more importance to the public than the time- 
pieces in the University library. Bell was a bailie, 
but at that time, and long afterwards, magistrates and 
councillors were not debarred from serving the city 
for payment. The payment for looking after the town 
clock was three pounds sterling a year, a consider- 
able sum in those days, when the assistant teacher 
in the grammar school only received seven pounds a 
year. 

" Although there is an intervening period of fully 
six months between the respective dates of the bailie's 
two receipts, it seems impossible to avoid the conclusion 
that both were drawn up and signed at the same time, 
for not only are they written on the same piece of 
paper, but that piece of paper has been folded and 
preserved as a voucher with this endorsature : 'No. 61, 
Bailie Bell's receipt for 3 sterling.' Why, it may be 
asked, did he write two receipts instead of one. The 
reason is more transparent than recondite. When the 
assistant teacher already referred to gave a receipt 
for a quarter's salary, i, 153., no stamp was required, 
but when he gave one for a half year's salary, 3, ios., 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 45 

it bore an impressed twopenny stamp. The bailie 
was economical, hence the following reduplication : 

"'ST ANDREWS, loth June 1785. Received from 
Mr Andrew Watson, Factor to the Town of St Andrews, 
the sum of one pound ten shillings for keeping the 
Town Clock from Martinmas Jai vijc. and eighty-four 
to Whitsunday Jai vijc. and eighty-five, and the same 
is discharged by Alex. Bell.' 

"'ST ANDREWS, 2ist December 1785. Received 
from Mr Andrew Watson, Factor to the Town of St 
Andrews, the sum of one pound ten shillings for keeping 
the Town Clock from Whitsunday seventeen hundred 
and eighty-five years to Martinmas same year, which 
is discharged by Alex. Bell.' 

"The salary which was due to Bailie Bell at the 
time of his death was drawn by his daughter Agnes, 
who in 1792, with her sister Janet, sold the picturesque 
old house in which they had been reared. It is said 
to have consisted of two stories with an outer staircase 
supported by wooden pillars and a wooden projection 
into the street. The site is now occupied by the Citizen 
Office." J. H. F., St Andrews Citizen, 2Oth February 
1904. 

BELL, ALEXANDER. Glasgow, 1791. 
BELL, ANDREW. Haddington, 1769-90. 
BELL, DAVID. Stirling, 1801-50. 
BELL, HENRY. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1660. 
BELL, JAMES. 32 Potterrow, Edinburgh, 1850. 
BELL, JAMES. Cambusnethan, 1770-90. 
BELL, JOHN. Canongate, Jedburgh, 1837. 
BELL, MATTHEW. Edinburgh, 1680. 

Booked apprentice to Richard Mills, 1680. 
BELL, WILLIAM, son of above. Cambusnethan, 1790-1820. 
BELL, WILLIAM. Bridge Street, Wick, 1837. 

BELL, . Camnethan, 1700. 

BENSON, DUNCAN. Glasgow, 1843. 

BERRY, JAMES. 52 Castle Street, Aberdeen, 1836-46. 



46 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

BERRY, JAMES. Stonehaven, 1840. 

BERRY, WILLIAM. Seal Cutter, Edinburgh, 1750. 

" First stair below the Earl of Murray's lodging, 
Canongate, Edinburgh, cuts all manner of Seals on 
Stone, Steel, Silver, and Gold, or any other metal, after 
the best and neatest manner, where gentlemen and 
ladies may have their Arms, Crests, Cyphers, or Heads 
cut to pleasure, and all at the lowest rates. 

" N.B. He also cuts and sells all manner of Scots 
Pebbles at reasonable rates." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 4th January 1750." 

BEVERIDGE, GEORGE. Claymire, Kettle, Fife, 1799-1842. 

" Betsy Wemyss or Duff, Sinclairtown, served Heir 
Portioner to her grandfather, George Beveridge, Clock- 
maker, Shiells, Kettle, Fife. Dated 2ist September 
1842. Recorded 6th October 1842." Services of Heirs. 

BEVERIDGE, ROBERT. Kirkcaldy, 1837. 

" Betsy Wemyss or Duff, Sinclairtown, served Heir 
Portioner General to her uncle, Robert Beveridge, Clock- 
maker, Kirkcaldy. Dated loth May 1843. Recorded 
29th May 1843." Services of Heirs. 

BEVERIDGE, ROBERT. Newburgh, Fife, 1835. 

BINNY OR BINNIE, DANIEL. Edinburgh, 1747-79. 

" Son to the deceast James Binny of Garnclare, was 
booked apprentice to Andrew Dickie, watchmaker, 
Edinburgh, nth June 1747." 

2^rd June 1757. "A complaint having been made 
that Daniel Binny carried on the clock and watch 
making trade under pretence of being servant to Mrs 
Geddes, relict of James Geddes, clock and watch maker. 
The Incorporation recommended to the Convener to 
inquire at Mrs Geddes if or not Binny works to her as 
her servant, and, if not, to desire Binny desist from 
working within the privileges of this city, and upon his 
refusing so to do, to give proper orders for prosecuting 
him before the Magistrates." 

6th August 1757. " Daniel Binny, late apprentice to 
Andrew Dickie, clock and watch maker, presented a bill 
to be admitted freeman clock and watch maker in this 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 47 

Incorporation, which being received, he was admitted to 
an essay, and essay masters appointed to him. The 
essay to be presented between and the first of January 
next to come. And this indulgence of so long a delay 
was granted to him in regard that the essay could not 
be well finished in shorter time. But declaring that this 
indulgence should be no precedent in time coming to 
the members of the other arts whose essays can be 
finished in shorter time, Daniel Binny made payment of 
$ sterling as the first half of his upset money, and is to 
pay the other half at his admission." 

^th February 1758. " Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a watch movement made and finished in 
his own shop, as Andrew Dickie, landlord, and Robert 
Clidsdale, William Balfour, and Alexander Brand, essay 
masters to the said Daniel Binny, declared, which essay 
was found to be well wrought, etc., and he was therefor 
admitted a freeman clock and watch maker of the 
Incorporation, and he paid five pounds sterling as the 
last half of his upset dues." E. H. Records. 

" All persons addebted to the deceast Andrew 
Dickie, watchmaker, are hereby desired to pay what 
they owed him to Daniel Binny, watchmaker, his 
nephew and sole heir and executor, or to David 
Lindsay, writer in Edinburgh, who has full power to 
receive and discharge the same. 

" Daniel Binny, who was educated by his uncle to 
the business, has moved from his house behind the 
City Guard to the house lately possessed by Mr Dickie 
in Wilson's Land, Lawnmarket, where the former 
customers of Mr Dickie, who are pleased to employ him, 
and his own customers, of whose favour he hopes the 
continuance, will be served with care and despatch." 
Caledonian Mercury^ i8th May 1765. 

"Daniel Binny, clock and watch maker in Edinburgh, 
and nephew of the deceased Mr Andrew Dickie, clock 
and watch maker there, thanks his customers for former 
favours, and begs leave to acquaint them that he has 
moved at Whitsunday last from Mr Dickie's late shop 
in Wilson's Land, Lawnmarket, to a shop within the 
Nether Bow, north side of the street, where such as are 
pleased to favour him with their employment or 



48 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

commissions will be well and duly served with clock or 
watch work in all the different branches. 

" It is hoped that all persons addebted to the said 
deceased Mr Dickie, or the said Daniel Binny, his heir 
and executor, either by accompt or otherwise, will pay 
up what they are owing either to the said Daniel Binny 
or to David Lindsay, writer in Edinburgh, who has 
power to receive and discharge the same, and thereby 
prevent the disagreeable necessity of a pursuit if this 
notice is not speedily complied with." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 8th June 1767. 

BINNY & GORDON. Nether Bow, Edinburgh, 1774. 

BISHOP, JAMES. Musselburgh, 1787. 

BISHOP, JAMES. Foot of Pleasance, Edinburgh, 1794. 

BISSET, DAVID. Perth, 1765. 

BISSET, WILLIAM. Perth, 1808. 

BISSET, WILLIAM. Dundee, 1781. 

BLACK, ANDREW. Leslie, 1837. 

BLACK, ANDREW. Colinsburgh, 1837. 

BLACK, ANDREW. Alloa, 1830-72. 

BLACK, ANDREW. 146 Saltmarket, Glasgow, 1818. 

BLACK, ANDREW. Leslie, Fife, 1838. 

BLACK, DAVID. Colinsburgh, Fife, 1830. 

BLACK, JAMES. Links, Kirkcaldy, 1820-37. 

BLACK, JAMES. Church Street, Berwick-on-Tweed, 1836. 

BLACK, JOHN. 16 Longacre, Aberdeen, 1846. 

BLACK, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1771-77. 

"Booked apprentice to William Downie, i7th July 
1771 ; required to serve out the remainder of his time 
with Norman Macpherson, i8th February 1777." E. H. 
Records. 

BLACK, THOMAS. 17 Castle Street, Dumfries, 1837. 

BLACKIE, GEORGE. Musselburgh, 1796-1844. 

The author of these notes is in possession of an 
eight-day clock made by this maker. Made for an 
ancestor in the year 1800, the receipt given on payment, 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 49 

which is preserved also, shows that seven guineas was 
the cost. 

" On Monday night Mr George Blackie, watchmaker, 
Musselburgh, presented a handsome clock to the Free 
Church congregation of that place. Mr Blackie is one 
of the oldest men in the congregation, being about 70 
years of age. ' And that he might live to finish the 
clock 1 has been of late with him a frequent wish." 
The Witness, 2ist August 1844. 

" George Blackie, watchmaker, New North Parish, 
Edin., was married to Isobel, Lady Yester's Parish, 
daughter of the deceased David Easter, Musselburgh, 
22 Deer. 1795." Edinburgh Marriage Register. 

BLACKIE, JOHN. Meadow Bank, Edinburgh, 1848. 

" ROYAL SCOTTISH SOCIETY OF ARTS, 27^ 
November 1848. At a meeting held on this date there 
was read a description of an electric clock on an 
improved principle by Mr John Blackie, electric clock 
maker, Meadow Bank Station, North British Railway, 
Edinburgh. 

" The clock was exhibited in action. This clock was 
stated to be an improvement on Mr Bain's electric 
clock, both in the mode of adjusting the permanent 
magnets and in the mode of breaking and re-establishing 
the circuit; the break being less liable to oxidise. It 
was also stated that the electric current acted to greater 
advantage on the coil of the pendulum. Mr Blackie 
also claimed as new the simple train of the movement, 
which consists of very few wheels, and he also claimed a 
delicate method of adjusting the length of the pendulum." 

BLACKIE, J. R., 36 Bridge Street, Leith, 1850. 

BLACKWOOD, THOMAS. Bridgend, Kinnoul, Perth, 1798. 

BLAIKIE, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1726. 

" William Blaikie, watchmaker, married Margaret 
Swinton, 13 Novr. 1726." Edinburgh Marriage Register. 

BLAIR, ANDREW. Edinburgh, 1775. 

Booked apprentice to James Howden 27th December 
1775- 
BLAIR, JAMES. Kilwinning, 1836. 

D 



50 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

BLAIR, THOMAS. Perth, 1746. 

BONNAR, MRS. Portsburgh, Edinburgh, 1802. 

"To be sold by Public Roup within the Royal 
Exchange Coffee-house upon Friday, the 5th day of 
February 1802, at one o'clock afternoon, that tenement 
of houses on the north side of Portsburgh with a large 
area behind, possessed by Mrs Bonnar, watchmaker, 
and others, yielding 20 per annum." Edinburgh 
Evening Couranl, 1st February 1802. 

BONNAR, ROBERT. Dunfermline, 1733, page 254. 

BOOKLESS, PETER. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1798. 

BOOTH, G. & SON. 36 Union Street, Aberdeen, 1820-46. 

BOOTH, JAMES. Auchinblae, 1837. 

BOOTH, JOHN. 41 Upper Kirkgate, Aberdeen, 1820-46. 

BOVERICK, SOBIESKI. Edinburgh, 1768. 

" S. Boverick, watchmaker from London, having had 
the honour of exhibiting his collection of miniature 
curiosities to the nobility some few years since, thinks 
it is his duty to acquaint them that he works family hair 
with a needle in so extraordinary a manner that the 
newness of the taste and the delicacy of the work have 
been admired by all who have seen it. Specimens of 
which, with the prices, may be seen at his lodgings, 
Mrs Wilson, Anchor Close, second story, Edinburgh. 
Where likewise may be seen the above-mentioned 
curiosities." Caledonian Mercury, 3rd September 1768. 

Admitted a member of Lodge St David, Edinburgh, 
20th September 1768. 

BOWDINGIS OR BOWDOWINGIS, ADRIAN. Edin- 
burgh, 1595. Edinburgh Baptismal Register. 

BOWER, JOHN. Kirreymuir, 1802. 

BOWERS, ANDREW. Cupar-Fife, 1842. 

BOWIE, JAMES. Kirkcaldy, 1825. 

BOWIE, JOHN. Stirling, 1811. 

BOWIE, WILLIAM. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1719. 

"Admitted a freeman clock and watch maker in 
Canongate Hammermen, nth September 1719, his 
essay being ane balance of ane watch and ane pendulum 
spring clock." C. H. Records. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 51 

BOWIE, . Kirkcaldy, 1779. 

"WATCH LOST. Lost a few days ago between 
Gallatown and Kinghorn, a silver watch, maker's name, 
James Gabyd, London, No. 21968. Whoever has found 
the same may apply to Mr Bowie, watchmaker, 
Kirkcaldy, who will give a suitable reward." 

BO YD, JAMES. Cupar-Fife, 1818. 

"Stolen on the 23rd instant a plain gold watch, 
maker's name, Charles Walker, Coventry, No. 3290. 
Anyone stopping her will be handsomely rewarded by 
applying to Mr Boyd, watchmaker, Cupar-Fife." 
Edinburgh Advertiser, 3Oth June 1818. 

BRACKENRIDGE, ALEXANDER. Market Lane, Kilmar- 

nock, 1820. 

BRACKENRIDGE, JAMES. Kilmaurs, 1726. 
BRAND, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1711-57. 

Married Margaret Tarbet, 23rd Nov. 1711. 
"Admitted a freeman clock and watch maker in 
Canongate Hammermen, I2th April 1716, his essay being 
ane balance of ane watch and ane pendulum spring clock." 

" There was stolen out of a gentleman's chamber on 
the 27th May last, an old silver watch and pendulum, 
with hour and minute hands, made by Andrew Brown, 
Edinburgh, having a loose pendant and a ribbon instead 
of a chain. Any person who can give notice thereof to 
Mr James M'Ewen, bookseller, or Mr Brand, watch- 
maker, in the Mint, so as the watch may be recovered, 
shall have a suitable reward and no questions asked." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 1st June 1721. 

2gth December 1726. "The which day the general 
committee convened, the Deacon laid before them that 
my Lord Provost of Edinburgh had called for him and 
told him that he was resolved to apply to the Incorpora- 
tion, by way of letter, that the Incorporation would do 
him the favour, and make him the compliment of 
receiving into the Incorporation Alexander Brand, 
Clockmaker, an freeman among them though not 
entitled yairto, but more as a favour done him. And 
yairfor craved the committee's opinion whether he 
should receive the said letter in order to lay it before 



52 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

the whole house. The committee by plurality of votes 
are of the opinion that the Deacon should receive the 
said letter from my Lord Provost and lay the same 
before the whole Incorporation at ye next meeting. 

^rd January 1727. "The Deacon, conform to the 
opinion of the committee at last meeting, produced a 
letter to the Incorporation from my Lord Provost as 
follows : 

"EDINBURGH, $oth December 1726. Alexander 
Brand, Clockmaker in the Mint, being very well 
recommended to me by a great many persons of 
distinction and good friends to the city, I must give 
you and the Incorporation the trouble of interceding 
on his behalf that he may be received as one of your 
number upon your rinding him qualified, and his 
paying what dues of upset you think reasonable. If 
the Incorporation is pleased to grant this request, I am 
very sensible it will be an act of very great generosity 
and good nature to him, and of condescension to me. I 
shall always be found to make suitable returns, being 
sincerely, Sir, the Incorporation's faithful friend and 
most humble servant, GEORGE DRUMMOND." 1 

"The said letter is directed to Thomas Giffard, 
Deacon, and his brethren the Incorporation of the 
Hammermen of Edinburgh : 

"The Deacon yairfor craved the Incorporation's 
opinion of the said letter, and whether they would grant 
the favour desired and upon what terms. The Incorpora- 
tion having taken the same into yair consideration and 
reasoned yair upon for some time, it is put to ye vote 
whether they should grant the desire of the Provost's 
letter by receiving the said Alexander Brand a freeman 
to ye Incorporation or not. Carried without a contrair 
vote that the said Alexander Brand shall be received, 
and yairfor, in compliment to my Lord Provost, they 
admitted the said Alexander Brand to ane essay, viz., 

1 This George Drummond, as is well known, was one of the most 
able Lord Provosts the city of Edinburgh had during the eighteenth 
century, and his name will always be remembered for the part he took 
in the erection of the first North Bridge, an enterprise which was 
productive of much prosperity to the city. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 53 

ane eight days' pendulum clock and a lock- to the door 
with a key. The essaymasters are Alexander Brownlie 
and William Richardson. His essay to be made in 
John Brown's shop, and presented betwixt and Whit- 
sunday next. He payed the boxmaster 53, 6s. 8d 
(Scots) as the half of his upset and ten merks as the 
half of the (Trades) Maiden Hospital, and he is to pay 
the other half when he presents his essay." 

6th April 1727. "The which day the house being 
met, compeared Alexander Brand, Clockmaker in 
Edinburgh, and presented his essay conform to the 
minutes of January last, viz., ane eight days' pendulum 
clock and a lock to the door with a key, which was found 
a well wrought essay, etc." 

These extracts from the E. H. Records give faithfully 
a complete account of what was then considered as a 
most uncommon request, it being almost impossible 
for an outsider to obtain admission into this close 
incorporation unless he had either the right by marriage 
or else had first served an apprenticeship to one of 
their own number. Two points are brought out in the 
successful issue, viz., the powerful influence that Lord 
Provost Drummond had with the craftsmen citizens of 
Edinburgh, and the popularity and respect Alexander 
Brand was held in. He appears to have been grateful 
for the privilege for the clock he made, for his essay 
was presented by him to the Incorporation, who placed 
it in the Magdalen Chapel, their meeting place, where it 
still remains to this day, unfortunately now silent from 
neglect. The surmise is that Brand died about 1757. 
BRAND, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1732.93. 

" Son of Robert Brand, wright in Brocklaw, in the 
shire of Mearns, is booked apprentice to Alexander 
Brand, Clock and Watch maker, 5th August 1732." 
E. H. Records. 

BRAND, JOHN. Dumfries, 1790-1802. 
BRANDER, JAMES. Keith ; died nth March 1835, aged 47. 
BREAKENRIG, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1800-26. See 
P. 55- 



54 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

BREAKENRIG, JAMES. Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, 1802-6. 
Son of Robert ; succeeded to his father's business 
in the Grassmarket, which he removed to the Lawn- 
market ; but at what date is unknown. He, different 
from the father, was regularly apprenticed to the trade, 
as on the I2th February 1802 he compeared and 
presented his essay, being a clock movement begun 
and finished in his own shop in presence of David 
Murray, landlord, James Howden, Robert Hinmers, and 
Ebenezer Annan, essay masters, as they declared, and he 
was accordingly admitted a freeman clock and watch 
maker in the Incorporation of Hammermen, Edinburgh. 

" Lost at the Queensferry, on Monday I2th of June, a 
silver watch, maker's name, Charles Thompson, London, 
No. 11336. Whoever will restore the same to James 
Breakenrig, watchmaker, Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, or to 
John Brown, innkeeper, Queensferry, shall receive a 
suitable reward." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 2nd 
July 1802. 

James Breakenrig died in 1806, the business being 
continued on till 1817 by his widow. 

" UNCLAIMED WATCHES. There was found among 
the effects of the late Mrs Breakenrig, watchmaker, 
Lawnmarket, several silver watches given in to her to be 
repaired, some of which have never been applied for and 
the owners are unknown. If therefore those to whom 
these watches belong do not apply for them to William 
Lothian, writer, Milne's Court, within one month from 
this date, they will be sold for behoof of the deceased 
creditors." Edinburgh Advertiser, i6th January 1818. 

BREAKENRIG, JOHN. West Port, Edinburgh, 1767-1800. 
This we take to be the brother of Robert Breakenrig, 
Grassmarket. It is probable that he was employed by 
his brother, and on the latter's death was forced to 
commence work on his own behalf, for his brother had 
left a son, James, to carry on his business. Not 
having the qualifications of Robert in the way of special 
services to further his interests, the only other way was 
to become a freeman Hammerman, and he therefore 
compeared on I4th November 1767 and presented 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 55 

a bill craving to be admitted a clock and watch maker 
freeman in Portsburgh. This application was favourably 
received and his essay and essay masters were appointed. 
He compeared on 3<Dth January 1768 and presented his 
essay, being the movement of a clock, begun, made, 
and finished in his own shop, in presence of James 
Hutton, landlord, John Chalmers, and John Safely, 
essaymasters, as they declared, etc. 

He commenced business in what came to be known 
as No. 107 West Port, which he carried on till about 
1800. Probably dying about this date, the business 
was continued by his son, Alexander Breakenrig, till 
1826. This shop had as a sign above the door a large 
gilded watch with the following : " Established 1768." In 
1826 the business fell into the hands of James Webster 
(q.v.), who carried it on till 1868, thus continuing a con- 
nection which had lasted nearly a century. 

"EXCHEQUER CHAMBERS, i$th May 1804. Notice 
is hereby given to all concerned that Margaret Chalmers, 
sometime spouse and afterwards relict of John 
Breakenrig, clock and watch maker in Portsburgh of 
Edinburgh, has applied to the Right Hon. the Barons 
for a gift of ' Ultimus Haeres ' of the estate and effects 
of the deceased Janet Kelly, shop-keeper in North 
Leith." 

BREAKENRIG, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1757-1762. 

This unusual surname admits of quite a variation 
in the way of spelling. On a large number of dials it 
is to be found as Brakenrig, Braikenrig, Brackenrig, 
Breakenrig, and Breakenridge, this second last being 
the usual spelling of at least two of the family. 
The surname occurs in the E. H. Records as early 
as 1677 when one Charles Breakenrig is allowed a sum 
of 12 (Scots) as his yearly pension. What his trade 
or craft was does not appear, and there is no mention 
of the name until the year 1757, when Robert 
Breakenrig comes into authentic history. We therefore 
commence with what is to be found concerning him 
as he is really the first of the family known as clock- 
maker. 



56 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

$th February 1757. "On this day there was given 
in a complaint against Robert Breakenrig for working 
within the privileges of the city, being an unfreeman, 
and he was desired to desist from working, and in case 
of refusal to give proper orders for prosecuting him 
before the magistrates." 

*jth May 1757. " Robert Breakenrig had, during the 
late press for land forces into his majestey's service, 
produced a discharge bearing that he had served as 
a soldier in the late war, and which, the magistrates 
were of opinion, not only protected him from being 
adjudged into his majestey's service, but also entitled him 
to the freedom of any incorporation." E. H. Records. 

He was safe under this "permit," but had to pay 
what was known as stallenger's dues, generally a sum 
of 2 sterling yearly. Thomas Reid, in his treatise 
on Clock and Watch Making, refers to him as being 
an excellent worker, and notes that he made a small 
spring clock with a duplex escapement a few years after 
Throut's treatise was published. Might we not surmise 
that Breakenrig had stumbled on the same improvement 
without knowing the value of his discovery. The last 
mention that I have been able to discover occurs in 
an advertisement in the Edinburgh Evening Courant of 
the 1 9th July 1762. 

" Stolen or lost at Hamilton, a silver watch, curved 
round the border of the plate between the figures, 
maker's name, Richard Trapp, marked on both the out 
and inside No. 5696. Whoever has found the said 
watch and will restore it to Mr Breakenrig, watchmaker 
in the Grassmarket, Edinburgh, shall be sufficiently 
rewarded." 

BREAKENRIG, ROBIN. Edinburgh, 1761. 

BRECKENRIDGE, ALEXANDER. Market Lane, Kilmar- 
nock, 1799. 

BRECKENRIDGE, A., & SON. Kilmarnock, 1799-1848. 

" He began business in 1799, his premises being 
in Market Lane on part of the site now occupied by 
the Market Hotel; in 1836 he removed to King Street, 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 57 

the firm name being A Breckenridge & s Son. Mr 
Breckenridge died in 1848 and the business was con- 
tinued by the son and afterwards by a daughter 
under the same firm name until about 1898." Kilmar- 
nock Standard, 28th May 1913. 

BRECKENRIDGE, WILLIAM. King Street, Kilmarnock, 
1850. 

BREMNER, WILLIAM. High Street, Kirkwall, 1835. 

BRIDGES, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1691. 

An Englishman; booked journeyman to Andrew 
Brown, present boxmaster, on 9th September 1691. He 
paid 40 shillings and the other dues." E. H. Records. 

BRIGGS, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1762. 

" Bound apprentice to John Dalgleish, 5th July 1762." 
E. H. Records. 

BROTHERSON & MACKAY. Dalkeith, 1830-44. 
BROWN, ALEXANDER. Arcade, Glasgow, 1836. 
BROWN, ALEXANDER. Coatbridge, 1847. 

BROWN, ALEXANDER & Co. 3 Union Street, Glasgow, 
1837-41. 

BROWN, ANDREW. Edinburgh, 1665-1712. 

"The second day of February 1665. The quilk day, 
Andro Broun, sone lawfull to umquhil Jon Broun, in 
Lang Newtone, is booked prentice to Umpra Milne, 
clock maker." 

^th August 1675. "The quilk day, in presence of 
the Deacon and brethren, compeared Andrew Brown, 
Knokmaker, sometime prentice to Humphrey Milne, 
knokmaker, burgess of Edinburgh, and presented his 
essay, to wit, ane knok with a watch larum and ane lock 
upon the door, which was found to be a weill wrought 
ane essay, able to serve His Majesty's leigis, and yairfor 
they admitit and received him to be ane ordainary 
freeman amongst them in his airt and trade of knok- 
making. His essay masters Jon Alexander and Jon 
Callender, his essay was made in Jon Alexander his 
house. He payet to the boxmaster 100 Scots, etc." 



58 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Elected boxmaster or treasurer to the Incorporation 
of Hammermen, Edinburgh, I4th September 1689. 

22nd February 1692. "The whilk day the Deacon, 
Boxmaster, and Patrick Drysdaill, John Harvie, and 
John Alexander, being convened as a committee 
appointed by the haill house, and having considered 
the late boxmaster, Andrew Brown, his accompts, and 
that therein he hath charged himself of 46 of ground 
annuell, due out of Mylne's land at the New well 
proceeding Whitsunday 1691, and that he hath only 
received 10 yairof from Walter Glendenning, one of 
the tenants, and given his receipt therefor. So that 
there is resting to him 36, 6s., quilk he has compted 
for. It is their opinion that the foresaid sum due as 
ground annuell should be defalked off Andrew Brown's 
compt, and the present boxmaster appointed to get a 
decreet against those liable in ground annuell." 

ijth May 1711. "The house, by plurality of votes, 
appoints the boxmaster to lend to Andrew Brown, 
clockmaker, one thousand pounds (Scots), upon his 
granting to them an heritable bond, bearing infefment 
for the annual rent yair out of his cellar. The principal 
sum to be payable at Martinmas, with a rent from 
Whitsunday last, and two hundred merks of penalty." 

\2thAprilij\2. "There being a petition given in 
by Andrew Brown, son to the deceast Andrew Brown, 
clockmaker, craving the Incorporation would give him 
some money for defraying his charges to London, and 
mentioning the great wants, straits, and necessity he 
lay under, and declaring he should never be more 
troublesome to the Incorporation. Which being read 
and considered by the house, they unanimously ordain 
the boxmaster to give thirty pounds Scots to the said 
Andrew Brown, to help in manner as mentioned, and 
take his discharge of the same." E. H. Records. 

For further particulars about this able man, see notes 
on Magdalen Chapel, Clock and Bell, page 246. 

In trying to get some contemporary notices about 
him, two advertisements printed in the Edinburgh 
Gazette of the year 1699, an Edinburgh newspaper of 




LONG CASE CLOCK, 

In marquetry case. By Andrew 
Brown, Edinburgh, 1665-1712. The 
property of the Faculty of Advocates. 
(See p. 58.) 




LONG CASE CLOCK, 
In walnut cu^e. By Thomas 
Gordon, '.EdSntHirghy 1688 ^1.^3- 
The property .pf t,he Pank of Scot- 
land/Edinburgh. JJ^J^^J I ,'/ 



[ To face page 58. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 59 

exceeding rarity (only one volume is believed to be 
extant, and that now in private hands), we get a peep 
at something more than the information contained in 
the official books of his incorporation. 

"Lost between Edinburgh and Dalkeith, a plain 
silver watch with a shagreen pin'd case, goes with a 
therm, having the day of the month on the dyal plate 
hanging on an old flour'd ribbon. Whoever brings 
the said watch to Andrew Brown, watchmaker in 
Edinburgh, shall have half a guinea reward." 

" James Barrow, aged about twenty, of a low stature, 
a little pock-marked, speaks the English accent, had on 
when he went away a short flaxen coll cut wig, in an 
ordinary habit ; run away from his master the nineteenth 
instant, with a plain gold watch without a christal, with 
an enambiled dial, the enembling on the figures is 
broken off, a silver pendulum watch with a minute hand 
made by William Young, at Charing Cross, London, 
with a shagreen case, the centre and balance wheels 
pierced, a plain silver watch and an oval brass watch, 
with several other things. Whoever can secure the said 
youth and give notice thereof to Captain Andrew 
Brown, watchmaker in Edinburgh, shall have two 
guineas reward." 

It will be noticed in the last advertisement that he is 
designated "Captain." This title he acquired in 1685 
when he was made Captain of the Red and Yellow in 
the Trained Band, which did duty then in guarding and 
watching the city. This position was bound to have 
made him a well-known figure in Edinburgh, but he 
never appears to have sought municipal honours. This 
duty and attention to his extensive business filled up 
a useful life till 1711. 

In view of the long time he was in business thirty- 
five years it is remarkable how exceeding scarce are 
specimens of his art. Only three have come under our 
notice : one being the splendid clock in the lobby of 
the Advocates' Library; another which was exposed 
for sale in the window of a dealer in Queen Street, 
Edinburgh both these two having cases of beautiful 
and chaste marquetry ; and the third one in possession 
of a private party in Linlithgow. 



60 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

BROWN, CHARLES. Stranraer; died 1844. 
BROWN, CHARLES. 4 Bristo Street, Edinburgh, 1850. 
BROWN, DANIEL. High Street, Glasgow, 1783. 

BROWN, DANIEL. Mauchline. 

Maker of the clock which was sold on the dispersal 
of the poet Burns's furniture on I7th April 1834 for .35. 

BROWN, DAVID. Edinburgh, 1772-81. 

Booked apprentice to James Cowan, 3ist October 
1772. 

BROWN, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1772-1825. 

Bound apprentice to James Gray, 3rd December 
1772, and discharged of his indentures by him, 22nd 
June 1779. 

1st February 1812. " Compeared and produced his 
essay, viz., a clock movement begun, made and finished 
in his own shop, in presence of James Ramage, landlord, 
and James Clark, essay masters, as they declared." 
E. H. Records. 

Was in business at Nicolson Street, 1794; head of 
Canongate, 1804; 92 High Street, 1821. Died 28th 
March 1825, aged 65 years. 

BROWN, GEORGE. Linlithgow, 1710. See note on 
Linlithgow Town Clock. 

BROWN, GEORGE. Airdrie, 1817-37. 
BROWN, GEORGE. Glasgow, 1830. 
BROWN, GEORGE B. 38 Shore, Leith, 1836. 
BROWN, GEORGE. West Port, Arbroath, 1834. 
BROWN, JAMES. Elgin, 1726-68. 

BROWN, JAMES. Aberdeen, 1720-33. See note on Elgin 
Clocks, page 137. 

BROWN, MRS J. 35 South Bridge Street, Edinburgh, 
1837- 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 61 

BROWN, JOHN. Edinburgh, -1680-1710. 

" Son to Andro Broun, Tailor, burgess of Edinburgh, 
was booked apprentice to Andrew Brown, 2ist October 
1680." 

2^tk August 1689. "Compearit John Brown, late 
prentice to Andrew Brown, clockmaker, burgess of 
Edinburgh, and presented his essay, viz., a house clock 
with a watch larum, and locks upon the doors, which was 
found a well wrought essay, etc. His essay masters 
were Richard Mills, David Cockburn, and John 
Alexander. The essay was made in Andrew Brown's 
shop. He payed to the boxmaster 'ane hundreth' 
pounds (Scots) for his upset and ten merks for the 
firelock and bandeliers." 

This last refers to a statute issued by the Town 
Council requiring the various craft incorporations to 
furnish so many defensive weapons for either watching 
or defending the city. 

2^th July 1710. "The which day the Incorporation 
of Hammermen being met, they ordain the boxmaster 
to give to Grisel Dalrymple, relict of John Brown, 
clockmaker, ten shillings sterling to help her in her 
present straits." E. H. Records. 

BROWN, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1720-50. 

2\st May 1720. "Compeared John Brown, son to 
the deceast John Brown, Clockmaker, and presented his 
essay, viz., ane eight-day pendulum clock and a lock 
to the door with a key which was found a weill 
wrought essay, etc. His essay masters were Patrick 
Gordon and George Auld. His essay was made in 
Alexander Brownlie's shop." 

"John Brown, watchmaker, North Kirk Parish, 
married Margaret Syme, daughter to the late John 
Syme, Captain of the City Guard, 25 Feby. 1733." 
Edinburgh Marriage Register. 

27 th July 1745. "The which day the house 
unanimously continued John Brown, watchmaker, to 
represent the Incorporation and be one of the managers 
of the Charity Work House of this city for the ensuing 
year." 



62 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

loth September 1745. "Thereafter the house 
proceeded to the election of their treasurer for the 
ensuing year, and the Deacon named George Boswell 
John Brown, and Malcolm Brown, to be the leet of three 
for that office ; and the vote being stated, George Boswell, 
ten, John Brown, thirty-nine, Malcolm Brown, nine, 
the house unanimously made choice of John Brown, 
watchmaker, to be treasurer to the Incorporation, who 
accepted thereof and give his oath for faithful administra- 
tion, and took his chair accordingly." 

He filled the same office 1746-47-48. 

4th May 1754. " Kathrine Brown, daughter to the 
deceast John Brown, late watchmaker, freeman of this 
Incorporation, was by a great majority elected and 

nominated to supply the place of Jackson in the 

Trades Maiden Hospital at the gift of the Incorporation. 
She was born the i6th June 1744, as appeared by a 
certificate produced under the hand of James Craig, 
Session-Clerk, and of this election the clerk is appointed 
to give to the said Kathrine Brown an extract gratis." 

2nd November 1771. "It being motioned that the 
widow of John Brown, Clock & Watchmaker, had a 
view of getting into the Trinity Hospital, by private 
presentation, provided the Incorporation continue her 
as a pensioner, or give the money to her daughter. 
The Incorporation, considering that this would be no 
prejudice to them, on the contrary was providing for a 
family which their small bounty was not sufficient for, 
agreed that the .quarter pension should continue to be 
paid to her or her daughter, if she should desire it." 

These minutes from the Hammermen's Records give 
faithfully the position John Brown took in the conduct 
of the affairs of his society, and it is interesting to note 
that his services were appreciated by his fellow brethren, 
as is revealed in the last two minutes, which bring out 
clearly their anxiety to do what was in their power for 
his wife and family. That he was a well-known citizen 
in Edinburgh is easily seen in the following selection 
of advertisements issued during his lifetime, which 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 63 

incidentally bring out where his business premises were 
situated : 

"That upon the 5th there was lost by the way 
leading from Coupar to Piddoch-hall a silver watch of 
L. Esturgeon's make. Any person that has found or 
can give notice thereof may acquaint John Annan, writer 
in Coupar, or John Brown, watchmaker in Edinburgh, 
and the first discoverer shall have from the loser 
a sufficient reward and his good wishes." Caledonian 
Mercury, i6th March 1730. 

" Lost on the 7th a silver watch made by Thomas 
Best, London, engraved upon the dial plate, but no 
engraving on the inner plate, and the hook out of the 
barrel of the main spring. Whoever will return the 
watch to John Brown, watchmaker in Edinburgh, shall 
have half a guinea reward." Ibid., gth January 1735. 

" Whereas there was lost upon the 8th March last, 
about a mile from Montrose, a silver watch of a middle 
size, maker's name is Ingram, upon the dial plate No. 
2589, with a black leather string, and at it a steel seal 
with three impressions, a little bruised in the case 
without. This is to give notice to all watchmakers or 
others into whose custody the watch with any of the 
above marks may come to hand, or to any who can 
inform in whose custody the said watch can be found, 
so as to be returned to the owner, let them call for John 
Brown, watchmaker, at his shop a little above the main 
guard, north side of the street, Edinburgh, or for Daniel 
Stewart Vinter at his house in Montrose, where they 
shall have a sufficient reward." Ibid., i6th May 1743. 

"Lost on the I2th December, betwixt Edinburgh 
and Cockpen, a silver watch with hour and minute 
hands, maker's name, J. Thomas, No. 1418. Whoever 
can give notice of the said watch to John Brown, watch- 
maker in Edinburgh, shall be sufficiently rewarded." 
Ibid., 1 7th December 1744. 

BROWN, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1758-72. 

2Oth July 1758. "John Brown, son of John Brown, 
clock and watch maker, booked apprentice to James 
Cowan." 

lot 'k July 1771. "John Brown, son of the deceast 
John Brown, watchmaker, presented a bill craving to 
be admitted a freeman clock and watch maker." 



64 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

2nd May 1772. " Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a watch movement begun, made, and 
finished in Samuel Brown's (his brother) shop in presence 
of Samuel Brown, landlord, John Gibson, John 
Murdoch, and William Auld, essay masters, as they 
declared." . ff. Records. 

The above makes the third John Brown all of the 
same family who were watch and clockmakers in Edin- 
burgh, but this last does not appear to have been in 
business for himself. The probability is that he was 
employed as a workman by his brother, Samuel Brown 
(q.v.), who succeeded to the father's business in 1750. 

BROWN, JOHN. Back of City Guard, Edinburgh, 1763-76. 

i^th June 1763. "Son of James Brown, journeyman 
mason in Edinburgh, and one of the boys educated 
in George Heriot's Hospital, booked apprentice to 
James Duff." 

^th August 1769. "Discharged of his indentures 
on this date by James Duff." E. H. Records. 

BROWN, JOHN. Port Glasgow, 1785. 

BROWN, JOHN. Irvine, 1829. 

" James Brown, sailor in Irvine, served Heir in 
General to his father, John Brown, Clock and Watch 
Maker there, dated 26th October 1829. Recorded 
1st December 1829." Services of Heirs. 

BROWN, JOHN. Elgin, 1743. 
BROWN, JOHN. St Andrews, 1783. 
BROWN, JOHN. Bishop Mill, Elgin, 1837. 

BROWN, JOSEPH. Kirkcaldy, 1769. 

" To be sold by Joseph Brown in Kirkcaldie, four 
spring table clocks, two of which play four different 
tunes each. They are executed in the best manner and 
go eight days. They will be sold at reasonable rates." 
Edinburgh Advertiser, 27th May 1769. 

BROWN, MALCOLM. Edinburgh, 1778. 

Discharged of his indentures by Laurence Dalgleish, 
2 1st March 1778. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 65 

BROWN, MURDOCH. Edinburgh, 1772. 

Admitted a member of Lodge St David, Edinburgh, 
1 2th November 1772. Minutes state admitted gratis, 
being an Artist and Musician. 

BROWN, PETER. Ayr; died 1847. 

BROWN, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1702. 

Booked journeyman to Andrew Brown, clockmaker, 
7th February 1702. Married Margaret Cleghorne in the 
parish of North Leith, 5th September 1704. 

BROWN, SAMUEL. Edinburgh, 1750-87. 

" John Brown (q.v.), watchmaker in Edinburgh, being 
lately deceast, the business is carried on as formerly by 
Samuel Brown, his eldest son, for behoof of his mother- 
in-law and four infant children, at their house, a little 
above the Guard, north side of the street, Edinburgh. 

" Such persons as are indebted to the deceast are 
intreated to pay their debts to the widow who is fully 
empowered to receive the same. Commissions from the 
country shall be done with great care and accuracy." 
Caledonian Mercury, 8th January 1750. 

"Just published, and to be delivered to the subscribers 
by Samuel Brown, watchmaker, opposite to the Guard, 
Edinburgh, a popular treatise on Astronomy by James 
Ferguson (q.v.)." Ibid., 25th September 1756. 

6th August 1757. " Samuel Brown, son to the 
deceast John Brown, clock and watch maker, compeared 
and presented a bill to be admitted a freeman clock 
and watch maker of the Incorporation, which was received, 
and an essay and essay masters were appointed. The 
essay to be presented between and the fourth of January 
next to come. And this indulgence of so long a delay 
was granted to him in regard that the members of the 
watchmaker's art declared that the essay could not 
be well made in shorter time. But declaring that this 
indulgence should be no precedent in time coming to 
the members of the other arts, whose essay could be 
finished in a shorter time. He made payment to the 
treasurer of 3, I2s. 2jd., as the half of his upset money 
and is to pay the other half at his admission. 

^th February 1758. "Compeared and presented his 



66 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

essay, being a watch movement made and finished in 
his own shop, as William Nicol, landlord, Deacon 
Dalgleish, William Auld, and James Cowan, essay 
masters declared, which essay was found to be a well 
wrought essay, etc., and he was therefore admitted a 
freeman clock and watch maker in the Incorporation. 
He made payment to the treasurer of three pounds 
twelve shillings and two pence, and two thirds of a penny 
as the last half of his upset dues." E. H. Records. 

He entered into partnership with George Skelton 
(q.v.) in 1784, which partnership was continued till his 
death in 1787. 

" Agnes Cunningham or Milne, served Co-Heir of 
Provision General to her Grandfather, Samuel Brown, 
watchmaker there, dated 9th March 1835. Recorded 
1 8th March 1835." Services of Heirs. 

" James Thomas Alexander, Surgeon, Edinburgh, 
served Co-Heir of Provision General to his Great 
Grandfather, Samuel Brown, watchmaker there, dated 
9th March 1835. Recorded 25th March 1835." 
Services of Heirs, 

Admitted a member of Lodge St David, Edinburgh, 
6th July 1753. Gavin Wilson, the poet of the Lodge, 
in his " New Song of St David's," refers to him as 
follows : 

" There social brother Brown does sing 

Igo and ago, 

A song that makes our glasses ring 
I ram coram dago." 

BROWN, THOMAS. Auchtermuchty, 1825 (?). 
BROWN, THOMAS. Berwick-on-Tweed, 1849. 
BROWN, WILLIAM. Dumfries ; died I4th November 1795. 

BROWN, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1733. 

" Son to William Brown, stabler, burgess of Edin- 
burgh, booked apprentice to John Brown, Clockmaker, 
1 5th September 1733." E. H. Records. 

BROWN, . Elgin, subsequent to 1820. 

BROWN & CHALMERS. Leith, 1842. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 67 

BROWN & SKELTON. Edinburgh, 1784-87. 

11 Lost upon the Red Brae near Channelkirk, some 
weeks ago, a Pinchbeck watch with a green shagreen 
case, maker's name, John Stellas, London, No. 188. 
Whoever has found the same will please restore it to 
Brown and Skelton, opposite the Guard, Edinburgh, 
who will give a handsome reward." Caledonian 
Mercury^ 2nd November 1785. 

BROWNLEE, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1740. 

Son to James Brownlee, merchant in Edinburgh ; 
booked apprentice to Archibald Straiten, watchmaker. 
3rd May 1740. 

BROWNLEE, WILLIAM. Hamilton, 1800. 

BROWNLIE, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1710-39. 

yh April 1710. "Booked apprentice to Robert 
Alexander." 

2gth March 1718. "On which day he compeared 
and presented his essay, viz., the movements of a 
watch, which was found a weill wrought essay, etc. His 
essay masters were Alexander Hay and Patrick Gordon. 
The essay was made in William Sutor's shop." 

" Alexander Brownlie, watchmaker, married to 
Margaret Graham, daughter of the late W. Graham, 
merchant, 17 Deer. 1719." Edinburgh Marriage Register. 

2nd December 1721. "The house being met, the 
Deacon represented to the house that yesterday, in the 
forenoon, Alexander Brownlie, clockmaker, had made a 
seizure of a part of the dial work of ye town clock (this 
was a new clock that was being erected in St Giles 
Church, the manufacture of L. Bradly, London), as 
being wrought by an unfreeman, and that this day the 
Magistrates had summarily fined and imprisoned the 
said Alexander Brownlie for the seizure, and therefore 
the opinions and sentiments of ye incorporation is 
demanded, and what resolutions they will take. The 
I house are unanimously of opinion that the procedure of 

the Magistrates against the said Alex. Brownlie is not 
only illegal against the said Alex. Brownlie, but likewise 
tends to ye breach and overthrowing the privileges of 



68 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

this Incorporation, confirmed to them by advice of the 
Town Council, the said Alex. Brownlie having done 
nothing but what is consistent and to the support of ye 
Incorporation's privileges. 

" Therefore the house unanimously resolve, for ye 
preservation of their privileges, to enter a process 
against the Magistrates for yair illegal procedure 
against the said Alex. Brownlie, and for that effect 
appoint the Deacon and Boxmaster, Deacon Herring, 
Deacon Boswall, Edward Bunkle, Alexander Brown, 
and Thomas Gordon to meet with Mr Boswall of Affleck, 
advocate, and consult him anent the method of procedure 
in the law process, and likewise are of opinion that ye 
concurrence of the fourteen Deacons be demanded, and 
in order yairto appoint their clerk to draw up a petition 
to them for that purpose. It is put to the vote whether 
the incorporation will approve of this act, which, 
without a contrair vote, is approved of/' E. H. Records. 

Admitted a member of the Lodge of Mary's Chapel, 
No. I, 28th January 1727. 

BROWNLIE, ARCHIBALD. Strathaven, 1844. 

11 Mary Brownlie, Coldstream, served Heir Special to 
her father, Archibald Brownlie, clockmaker, Strathaven, 
who died i6th April 1844, in half of house and ground 
at Strathaven, Lanarkshire, dated 22nd July 1859. 
Recorded 26th July 1859." Services of Heirs. 

BROWNLIE, JAMES. 22 Stobcross Street, Glasgow, 1836. 
BRUCE, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1718. 

" Son to Mr Alexander Bruce, advocate, is booked 

apprentice to Alexander Brownlee, 8th November 

1718." E. H. Records. 
BRUCE, DAVID. Aberdeen, 1538, page 2. 
BRUCE, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1797. 

" Robert Bruce, clock and watch maker, married Mary 
Gowans, 12 Deer. 1797." Edinburgh Marriage Register. 

BRUCE, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1757. 

BRUCE, WILLIAM. Portsburgh, Edinburgh, 1743. 

BRUNTON, PATRICK. Dalkeith, 1788. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 69 

BRUNTON, WALTER. Edinburgh, 1771-1808. 
BRYDEN, THOMAS. Johnshaven, 1837. 
BRYSON, CHARLES. 31 Trongate, Glasgow, 1837. 
BRYSON, JOHN. High Street, Dalkeith, 1836-82. 
BRYSON, ROBERT, & SONS. See page 70. 

BRYSON, ROBERT, F.R.S.E. 66 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 
1810-52. 

"Commenced business first at the Mint, High Street, 
Edinburgh, 1810; did not become a member of the 
Hammermen's Incorporation till 1815, when the entry 
money and other dues amounted to 70, which he 
paid. That same year he issued the following 
advertisement : 

"Robert Bryson, Clock and Watch Maker, 
announces to his friends and the public that he has 
removed from the Mint to that commodious house, 
No. 5 South Bridge Street, opposite to Hunter's Square, 
where he will be happy to see those friends who so 
liberally patronised him at the Mint." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 6th June 1815. 

This South Bridge place of business he tenanted till 
1840, and while there he became closely allied with 
Mr Horner in the foundation of the Watt College, now 
known as the Heriot-Watt College, an institution which 
to-day occupies a foremost place in technical education. 
That this College was a matter congenial to his tastes, 
is easily seen in the trouble he took to ensure its 
success. Early advertisements show that he made his 
place of business an office for enrolling students, and 
from his self-sacrificing labours undoubtedly contributed 
largely to put the institution in a satisfactory condition. 

Removing to 66 Princes Street in 1840, he continued 
to turn out work of the highest class. A number of his 
clocks and watches are in existence yet, particularly a 
splendid sidereal clock which he made in 1832 for the 
Royal Observatory, Edinburgh. 1 This clock was used 
by the late Professor Henderson for all his observations 

1 For these particulars I am indebted to the late Professor Copland, 
Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill. 



70 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

on Calton Hill, arid afterwards by the late C. Piazzi 
Smyth for the same purpose up to 1855, being only 
superseded by the gift of a new sidereal clock made by 
Dent of London. This clock by Bryson became the 
property of the city of Edinburgh in 1895 and is still 
in use. 

He became a member of the Royal Society of Arts, 
Edinburgh, and his first printed communication in the 
Transactions of that body, as far as we can glean, was 
read on the I2th December 1842. It was a description, 
with a drawing of the apparatus invented by him, for 
turning on and shutting off the gas which illuminated 
his translucent dial. The Society's Honorary Silver 
Medal was awarded him for this paper. 1 

He died on 8th August 1852, aged 74 years, and was 
interred in the New Calton Burying Ground, Edinburgh, 
where it is recorded on a large and handsome monument 
that he was for a period of nearly fifty years watch- 
maker in Edinburgh. He was succeeded by his two 
sons, Alexander and Robert, the firm being known as 
Robert Bryson & Sons. 

We have not succeeded in getting the exact year 
when the copartnery was entered into, but doubtless 
long before the senior partner's death in 1852 these two 
talented men were closely associated with their father. 

BRYSON, ALEXANDER, F.R.S.E., 2 the elder son of the 
above, occupied an unique position, being not only 
a skilled horologist but also possessed of considerable 
scientific attainments. Becoming a member of the Royal 
Society of Arts, his entry into that body was of material 
benefit to the usefulness and conduct of its transactions. 
Occupying the highest posts they could appoint him to, 
he favoured his brother associates and the public with 

1 His next was a description of a self-registering barometer invented 
by himself in 1844, followed by another in 1845, "On a Method of 
rendering Baily's Compensation Pendulum insensible to Hygrometric 
Influences," for which he was awarded the Society Silver Medal or 
Plate to the value often sovereigns. 

2 Admitted a member of Lodge St Uavid, Edinburgh, 28th May 
1839- 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 71 

papers and notes of inventions of the greatest usefulness 
and originality. 

A brief summary of these are now given, which, 
however, do not exhaust his activity in scientific 
research, but they are enough to show the wide range 
of his attainments. All of them were read or described 
by himself at the various meetings of the Royal Society 
of Arts; date of delivery of each are appended : 

%th May 1843. "At the request of the Council an 
Exposition of the Mechanism of Clocks and Watches, 
including the various Escapements, Pendulums, and 
Balances, was given by Mr Alexander Bryson, F.R.S.S.A., 
M.G.S.E., Chronometer Watch and Clock Maker, Edin- 
burgh." 

\2th May 1845. "Additional notice of Mr R. 
Bryson's self - registering Barometer with remarks 
showing that no corrections for Temperature will be 
necessary in this instrument. The instrument was 
exhibited. 

" Mr Bryson also exhibited an accurate method of 
determining the expansion of Mercury from increased 
temperature in the standard barometer, and demon- 
strated that the syphon barometer, used as a self- 
registering instrument (as formerly described to the 
Society) and observed by the shorter limb of the 
syphon, requires only a correction of 0-006 inches for 
60 degrees Fahrenheit. 

" Mr Bryson also described the results obtained from 
his hourly barometric register kept during two years, 
and remarked the extreme similarity existing between 
these and the observations of Professor Forbes during 
three years at Colinton." 

9//z February 1846. "Description of a new Clock 
impelled by a combination of Gravitation and Electro 
Magnetism, invented by Mr Alexander Bryson, 
Councillor, R.S.S.A., M.G.S.E. 

" In this clock the common pendulum is used. It is 
kept vibrating in equal arcs, by a small falling bar or 
detent, which is raised every alternate second by the 
attraction induced in a soft electro magnet. The 
magnetism is excited by constant batteries placed in 
the bottom of the clock case, which may be kept in 
action for any desirable period, and when changed it is 



72 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

not necessary to stop the clock, as before the spent 
battery is out of action the other, which is newly 
charged, is in full operation. The wheelwork showing 
minutes and seconds is moved by the gravitation bar or 
detent immediately on its being attracted by the electro- 
magnet. When this clock is made to show minutes 
and seconds only, as in observatory clocks, it consists of 
two wheels only, and when it is made to show hours 
three wheels are necessary. The contract-breaker is 
suspended on knife edges immediately above the 
pendulum bob, having a gold concentric arc, on which 
press two very slight gold springs. In this arc is 
inserted a piece of ivory which breaks the current and 
permits the falling bar or detent to fall on the pendulum, 
so as to keep up its vibration. 

"By the method of coincidences it was stated the 
pendulum was found to keep its motion with the utmost 
steadiness as compared with a compensation mercurial 
pendulum beating seconds." 

271/1 April 1846. "A letter from Mr Alex. Bryson 
was read, withdrawing his communication as above, in 
respect he now finds that he has been anticipated in this 
invention by Mr Alexander Bain, of South Hanover 
Street, Edinburgh." 1 

13^ December 1847. " Specimens were exhibited and 
described of the teeth of Wheels of Steeple Clocks cut 
and finished on the Engine." 

loth April 1848. "'On a New Lubricant for 
Machinery.' This paper described a new compound 
possessing properties which seem to render it a better 
lubricant than those in use for large machinery. It is a 
compound of oil, sulphur, and vulcanized caoutchouc." 

Wi January 1849. "The Aneroid Barometer was 
exhibited and described." 

26th January 1852. "By permission of the Society 
a letter from Mr Alex. Bryson, F.R.S.S.A., was read, 
containing his suggestions as to the origin of the Fire 
which caused the loss of the steam-ship Amazon'' 

12th April 1852. "The patent striking Electro- 
Magnetic Clock, invented by Mr Charles Shepherd, of 
London, was described by Dr George Wilson, F.R.S. 

1 Mr Bryson read the description of Mr Bain's clock (see page 32) 
on i4th April 1845. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 73 

The clock was put in working order and taken charge of 
at the meeting by Alex. Bryson, Esq." 

22nd January 1855. " The Society's Silver Medal was 
awarded to him for his notice of a simple Compressible 
Syphon of his own invention." 

\2th November 1855. " At the special request of the 
Council, ' An Exposition of the Mechanical Inventions 
of Dr Robert Hooke.' " 

loth December 1855. "'On an Improved Method of 
preparing Siliceous and other Fossils for Microscopic 
Investigation,' and also a description of a new Pneumatic 
Chuck. 3 ' 

nth April 1859. "'On the Injurious Effects of 
Cedar-wood Cabinets,' by Alexander Bryson, F.R.S.S.A., 
Her Majesty's Clockmaker for Scotland. Specimens 
exhibited." 

2$th April 1859. " ' On a New Method of Measuring 
Watch Glasses.' Awarded the Society's Silver Medal." 

26th March 1860. "'On a New Lime Light and 
Lamp/ exhibited in action." 

2^th April 1862. "Communication on the recent 
frequent accidents from hydrocarbon liquids." 

2^th April 1864. "On the means of determining 
the presence and position of Icebergs during fogs or 
darkness at sea." 

This last paper was awarded the Hepburn Biennal 
prize, value twelve sovereigns, and crowned, so to speak, 
a career which, as our readers may see, was full of 
activity and study. The list given of his works is 
necessarily imperfect, for his abilities were so varied 
that his advice and counsel were sought by the most 
eminent scientific men of his day, and his early death at 
Hawkhill, near Edinburgh, on the 7th December 1866, 
aged 50 years, created a blank not only in the Society 
of which he was so illustrious a member but throughout 
all Scotland. His death left his brother, Robert, the 
only partner of the large and prosperous business which 
had been so successfully carried on. Extensive as the 
business was he yet found time to be of use to his fellow 
citizens. His advice was highly valued in the manage- 
ment of a number of Public Institutions, and becoming 
a member of the Merchant Company he was made 



74 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Master, and, while filling this honourable position, had 
a good share in the foundation of the successful 
educational institutions which under the name of the 
Merchant Company Schools have helped to make 
Edinburgh famous for its educational advantages. He 
died in 1886, the business passing into the hands of 
Messrs Hamilton & Inches, 88 Princes Street, who still 
retain the royal appointment. 

BUCHAN, ALEXANDER. 41 George Street, Perth, 1833. " 
Possibly a son of the immediately succeeding, whom 
he succeeded on 8th January 1833, being then located 
at Bridgend. 

BUCHAN, ARCHIBALD. Kinnoull, Perth, 1800-32. 

BUCHANAN, ANDREW. 8 William Street, Greenock, 1836. 

BUCHANAN, ROBERT, jun. 3/Dundas Street, Glasgow, 1835. 

BUGLAS, C. Berwick-on-Tweed, 1787. 

"Watch supposed to be stolen, and found in the 
custody of William Tennent, apprehended in North 
Berwick, on the 22nd July last, when he broke prison. 
A large silver watch, seemingly new, maker's name, 
George Creak, London, No. 1358; on the dial plate is 
engraved ' C. Westwood,' and within the case there is a 
watchmaker's label, ' C. Buglas, Clock and Watch Maker, 
Berwick."' Edinburgh Advertiser, 3Oth October 1787. 

BURBIDGE, - . Edinburgh, 1673. 
BURGES, JOHN. Stirling, 1806. 
BURN, DAVID. Bathgate, 1798. 
BURNET, JOHN. Tarves, 1810-46. 
BURNS, DAVID. Mid-Calder, 1797. 
BURNS, ROBERT. Melrose, 1832. 

"James Burns, Clockmaker, London, served Heir in 
General to his father, Robert Burns, Clockmaker, 
Melrose, dated 3Oth May 1832. Recorded 4th June 
1832." Services of Heirs. 

BURTON, WILLIAM. Dunse, 1824. 

BUTLER, ROBERT. 48 Hamilton Street, Greenock, 1836. 

CAITHNESS, DAVID. Dundee, 1787. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 75 

CALDER, JOHN. High Street, Glasgow, 1775-1816. 

CALDER, JOHN, jun. 1 10 High Street, Glasgow, 1814-28. 

CALDER, JOHN. 326 Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, 1819; 
85 West Fort, 1825. 

$ist July 1820. "He appeared and presented a 
petition craving to be admitted a freeman clock and 
watch maker in the Incorporation, which being received, 
an essay was appointed, viz., a clock movement to be 
begun and finished in his own shop, James Ramage, 
landlord, James Gray, Richard Millar, and James 
Ritchie, essay masters, and to be finished this day six 
months. He paid the treasurer ten pounds, being the 
first half of his entry money. Admitted as above on 
5th February 1821. E. H. Records. 

CALDWELL, JOHN. Glasgow, 1812. 

CALD WELL, WILLIAM. 5 Malta Street, Glasgow, 1820-37. 

CALLAM, CHARLES. Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, 1804. 

CALLAN, ARCHIBALD. Douglas, 1834. 

" Marion Callan or Haddow, in Douglas, served 
Heir of Provision General to her father, Archibald 
Callan, watchmaker there, dated 6th June 1834. 
Recorded I7th June 1834." Services of Heirs. 

CALLENDER, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1731. 

Booked apprentice to George Scott, Canongate, 1731. 

From a note kindly forwarded by A. M. Mackay, 
Esq., Past Master of Lodge of St David's, Edinburgh, 
No. 36, there is every probability that this James 
Callender was one of the founders of the Lodge on 
2nd March 1738. He is recorded as being in very poor 
circumstances in the years 1753-54 and 1756, when he 
received pecuniary assistance from the Lodge. In 1758 
he published a collection of Masonic Songs. He died 
in 1762 and was buried at Leith at the expense of the 
Lodge. 
CAMERON, ALEXANDER. Selkirk, 1816. 

CAMERON, ALEXANDER. High Street, Dundee, 1823-37. 

" A. C. begs to announce that he has fixed a 

Sidereal Clock, and procured a Transit instrument 



76 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

divided into N.P.D. from a workman recommended by 
the Astronomer Royal at Greenwich Observatory, for 
rating chronometers and watches. 

No chronometer or watch will receive a certified 
rate unless the maker's name and box number are 
engraved upon it. Those watches that are left blank 
or without the maker's name are generally got up as 
traffic upon sale or return but cannot be exported. 

A. C. purposes being in the English market in a 
few weeks, and solicits orders for himself or his English 
connection, which may be executed direct from the 
different manufacturers. His friends in the south and 
north of Scotland will be waited upon at the usual times 
with a new set of patterns." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 6th January 1828. 

CAMERON, HUGH. Johnshaven, 1780-90. 

CAMERON, JAMES. Rigg Street, Stewarton, 1837. 

CAMERON, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1776-77. 

"Bound apprentice to John Cleland, nth May 1776. 
Bound apprentice to Samuel Brown on ipth March 
1777. He paid nothing for booking on account of 
having paid as an apprentice, but is still to pay in case 
the incorporation shall appoint him to do so. E. H. 
Records. 

CAMERON, JAMES. Selkirk, 1832. 

CAMERON, JAMES. 85 Murraygate, Dundee, 1828-50. 

CAMERON, JOHN. Perth, 1795. 

Apprenticed to James Young. 

CAMERON, JOHN. Victoria Place, Kilmarnock, 1850. 
CAMERON, JOHN. Barrhead, 1836. 
CAMERON, JOHN. Aberfeldie, 1836. 
CAMPBELL, ARCHIBALD. Gourock, 1805. 

" Died at Gourock on Wednesday evening, Archibald 
Campbell, Watchmaker, aged 107 years." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 3rd June 1805. 

CAMPBELL, CHARLES. Borrowstounness (Bo'ness), 1770- 
1812. 

"Died at Borrowstounness on the 25th November, 
75 years, Mr Charles Campbell, many years clock 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 77 

and watch maker there." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
27th November 1812. 

CAMPBELL, HUGH. Edinburgh, 1692. 

Booked apprentice to Humphrey Mylne, 6th August 
1692. 

CAMPBELL, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1803-10. 

Bound apprentice to Robert Green, I7th June 1803. 
Discharged of his indentures, 3rd February 1810. 

CAMPBELL, JAMES. 51 High Street, Johnstone, 1836. 

CAMPBELL, JOHN. 18 North Bridge, Edinburgh, 1799- 
1819. 

" Bound apprentice to Robert Hinmers, 4th May 
1799. Discharged of his indentures 3rd May 1806. 

^th November 1809. " Compeared and produced his 
essay, being a watch movement begun, made, and 
finished in his own shop in presence of James Howden, 
landlord, Robert Hinmers, Robert Logie, and William 
Thomson, as they declared." E. H. Records. 

"John Campbell, watchmaker and jeweller, respect- 
fully announces to the Public that he has opened the shop 
lately possessed by Mr Dalgleish (q.v.), with an entire 
new stock of the very best quality and most exquisite 
workmanship, and by unremitting attention to business 
and earnest endeavours to please, hopes to merit a share 
of public favours. J. C. has been regularly bred in the 
profession and personally acquainted with the first 
manufactures in England, where he has selected his 
present assortment, which he may confidently say is 
not surpassed in beauty and quality to any in town. 
1 8 North Bridge." Edinburgh Evening Courant^ 3Oth 
July 1808. 

" Watch stolen from a house back of Fountain Well. 
A silver watch, maker's name, P. Hopkins, No. 12512. 
If offered for sale please inform Mr Campbell, watch- 
maker, North Bridge." Ibid., 26th May 1810. 

"GOLD WATCH STOLEN. On the evening of 
Thursday last from a house in Rose Street, a gold 
watch, maker's name, John Pinkerton, Haddington, 
No. 6395. It is requested that any person to whom 
the same may be offered for sale will secure it, and give 



78 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

intimation to Mr Campbell, Clock and Watch Maker, 
North Bridge, by whom he will be handsomely 
rewarded." Edinburgh Evening C our ant, 1 6th January 
1813. 

CAMPBELL, JOHN. 95 Hutcheson Street, Glasgow, 1823. 

CAMPBELL, MARSHALL. Colmonell, Ayrshire, 1850. 

CAMPBELL, ROBERT. Canal Street, Edinburgh, 1/78-94. 

CAMPBELL, WILLIAM. Stirling, 1745. 

Booked journeyman to Robert Melvill Stirling, 
1 3th June 1745. 

CANT, JAMES. Perth, 1824. 

CARMICHAEL, JAMES. 42 Hanover Street, Edinburgh, 
1796. 

"James Carmichael, Clock and Watch Maker, 
respectfully informs his friends and the public that he 
has opened that shop, No. 42 South Hanover Street, 
New Edinburgh, where he intends to carry on the 
business in all its various branches. He trusts he shall 
merit the patronage of the Public by carefully and 
punctually executing their orders." Scots Chronicle, 
3rd June 1796. 

CARMICHAEL, JOHN. New Street, Greenock, 1750-1800. 
Maker of the first clock in Greenock Parish Church, 
1786. 

" GREENOCK. A most daring robbery was com- 
mitted here between Saturday night and Sunday 
morning. The shop of Mr Carmichael, v/atchmaker, 
was entered into by picking the locks, and property 
mostly consisting of gold and silver watches to the 
amount of several hundred pounds carried ofT. A most 
diligent search is being made for the thieves, and already 
several persons have been apprehended on suspicion." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 28th April 1800. ' 

CARNEGIE,- . Arbroath, 1850. 

CARNEGIE, ROBERT, and two brothers. Kineft and 
Drumlithie, 1838. 

CARNEGIE, ROBERT. Auchinblae, 1837. 
CARRUTHERS, DAVID. Ecclefechan, 1840. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 79 

CARRUTHERS, GEORGE. Langholm, 1836; died 1866, 

aged 76. 
CASSELS, JAMES. Lanark; born iQth May 1833; died 

1 9th February 1906. 

CATHRO, - . Dundee, 1823. 

"The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty having 
advertised a premium of 300 for the best chronometer 
which should be kept at Greenwich for one year, thirty- 
six were sent thither by the principal chronometer 
makers in London and were kept in 1823. It was 
announced that if any chronometer varied six seconds 
it could not obtain a prize. At the end of the year the 
second best chronometer, of which the variation was 
about five seconds, was made by Mr Cathro, a native 
of Dundee. Such perfection was never before attained, 
and it justly excited the astonishment of all astronomers 
and of the Board of Admiralty. Glasgow Mechanic? 
Magazine, 1826, vol. ii., page 145. 

CHALMERS, ALEX. THOMSON. Aberdeen, 1836. 

CHALMERS, DAVID. 12 Catherine Street, Edinburgh, 

1803-19. 
CHAPMAN, FRANCIS. Main Street, Pollokshaws, 1836. 

CHAPMAN, FRANCIS. 55 Brunswick Street, Glasgow, 

1840. 
CHARLTON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1792. 

"John Charlton, Watch and Clockmaker, married 
to Margaret Aitkinson, 2Oth March 1792." Edinburgh 
Marriage Register. 

CH ARRAS, CHARLES. Glasgow, 1717. 
CHARTERS, DECKFORD. Edinburgh, 1783. 

Bound apprentice to Normond Macpherson, 26th 
February 1783. 

CHARTERS, WILLIAM. 68 High Street, Dumfries, 1837. 

CHISHOLM, ADAM. 5 St Andrew's Street, Dumfries, 

1780-1821. 
CHRISTIE, GABRIEL. Edinburgh, 1736. 

Son of James Christie, merchant in Stirling, booked 

apprentice to Andrew Dickie, 6th December 1736. 



80 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

CHRISTIE, JAMES. Perth, 1820-48. 82 High Street, Perth. 

" James Christie, watch and clock maker, Perth, 

served Heir in General to his father, James Christie, 

Meal Dealer there, dated 3<Dth August 1820. Recorded 

nth September 1820." Services of Heirs. 

CHRISTIE, JAMES. 52 St John Street, Perth, 1820-43. 
CLAPPERTON, GIEDON. Edinburgh, 1777. 

Bound apprentice to Laurence Dalgleish, 29th 
January 1777. 
CLARK, ANDREW. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1753-64. 

Booked apprentice to James Nicoll, Canongate, 
27th February 1753. Admitted a freeman clock and 
watch maker of Canongate Hammermen, 3rd May 1760, 
his essay being the inside of a watch movement. 
Married Grizal Doig, 28th February 1761. 

CLARK, CHARLES. Edinburgh, 1814. 

^\st August 1814. "Compeared on this date and 
presented a petition craving to be admitted a freeman 
locksmith in right of James Clark (q.v.), clockmaker in 
Edinburgh, his father, which was granted, and he paid 
the treasurer six pounds." 

Afth August 1815. "Compeared and produced his 
essay, being a timepiece begun, made, and finished in 
the presence of James Clark, sen., as landlord, and 
James Paterson and John Picken, as they declared, and 
was accordingly admitted. He paid the treasurer six 
pounds." E. H. Records. 

CLARK, GEORGE. Aberdeen; died 1852, aged 36. 
CLARK, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1791-1835. 

Married Elizabeth Thomson, 23rd August 1791. 
29^ June 1807. "Compeared and presented a peti- 
tion craving to be admitted a freeman member of 
the Incorporation, for which he was willing to pay 
Seventy pounds Sterling. The prayer of which was 
granted, and an essay appointed to him to be produced 
at the Martinmas quarter. He paid the treasurer thirty- 
five pounds, being the first moiety of his entry money." 
January 1808. "Compeared and produced his 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 81 

essay, a clock movement, begun, made, and finished 
in his own shop, in presence of James Ramage, landlord, 
George Skelton, Robert Foot, and Andrew Wilson, essay 
masters, as they declared. He paid thirty-five pounds as 
the second moiety of his entry money." E. H. Records. 

" CLOCKMAKERS WANTED. A few journeymen will 
receive good encouragement and constant employment. 
Personal application to James Clark, Clock and Watch 
Maker, Mint Close, is expected, where clocks and 
machines of all kinds are executed with neatness and 
despatch. Edinburgh Evening Courant, 23rd November 
1805. 

" James Clark, Clockmaker, a little below the Tron 
Church, returns thanks for the orders he has been 
favoured with for steeple clocks from various parts 
of Scotland. 1 He makes clocks for one or more dials 
of excellent workmanship, which is offered on moderate 
terms." Ibid., i8th November 1809. 

"An elegant small stearn engine, valued at 200 
guineas. To be disposed of by 200 shares at one guinea 
each. James Clark, Clock and Machine Maker, proposes 
disposing of the above elegant engine by 200 shares 
at one guinea each, to be determined by ballot on 
Wednesday, the ipth January 1814, in M'Ewan's Rooms, 
Royal Exchange, at one o'clock P.M. The engine may 
be examined every lawful day at Mr Clark's house, 
entering from No. 8 High Street, where shares may 
be had. J. C. executes with the greatest accuracy, 
attention, and expedition, every kind of machinery in 
brass and steel." Ibid., 8th January 1814. 

The Edinburgh Town Council, on iQth December 
1827, accepted an estimate by James Clark to furnish 
an eight-day clock for the Tron Church Steeple to 
carry four sets of minute and hour hands for dials from 
6 to 8 feet diameter, and of sufficient strength to raise 
a hammer to strike a bell of 15 cwts. 

" SOCIETY OF ARTS FOR SCOTLAND. Prizes gained 
and presented on I7th June 1829. To Mr James Clark, 
Steeple-Clock and Machine Maker, Edinburgh. The 
Society's Gold Medal, value 15, 153., for his description 
and relative drawings of a method of cutting screws. 
The great importance of the subject, the care which 

1 See Haddington Town Clocks, page 180. 



82 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

had been bestowed in the construction of the expensive 
apparatus, and the attention which was paid to the 
laying of the matter in a proper manner before the 
Society appeared to the Committee to deserve the 
highest mark of the Society's approval." Transactions 
of the Royal Society of Arts for Scotland, 1829. 

"TURRET CLOCKS AND MACHINERY MANU- 
FACTORY. James Clark has always on hand a 
number of turret clocks suitable for public offices or 
church spires where one or more dials may be wanted. 
J. C. makes all kinds of models in brass or steel, and 
from the long experience in the above branches, he 
assures those who may favour him with their orders 
that they will find his charges moderate." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 22nd May 1834. 

CLARK, JAMES. Kirkcaldy, 1843. 

CLARK, JOHN. 54 Cathcart Street, Greenock, 1820-36. 

CLARK, JOSEPH. Kirkcaldy, 1843. 

CLARK, ROBERT. Market Lane, Kilmarnock, 1850. 

CLARK, ROBERT. Newburgh, Fife, 1836. 

CLARKE, JOHN. Greenock, 1822-37. 

CLARKE, WILLIAM. Greenock, 1805. 

CLELAND, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1761-84. 

" Booked apprentice to James Duff, 24th March 
1761." 

*jth May 1763. "The incorporation, with the consent 
of James Duff, transfers John Clelland, his apprentice, 
for the time yet to run of his indentures to Daniel 
Binny. Discharged of his indentures by Daniel Binny, 
ist March 1767." 

" Presented a bill craving to be admitted a freeman 
watchmaker, 26th July 1771." 

2$tk January 1772. " Compeared and presented his 
essay, being an horizontal watch begun, made, and 
finished in presence of James Gibson, landlord, Robert 
Clidisdale, James Duff, and Robert Cairriton, essay 
masters, as they declared." E. H. Records. 

" The copartnery of Gibson and Cleland, watch- 
makers in Edinburgh, being now dissolved, John 







PINCHBECK WATCH, 

With enamelled back. By John Cleland, Edinburgh, 1761-84. 
In the Museum of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 
Edinburgh. Reproduced by permission. 



[To face page 82. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 83 

Cleland begs leave to acquaint the public that he 
carries on the clock and watch making business in all 
its branches in the fore shop, first storey of Galloway's 
land, opposite to Libberton's Wynd, Lawnmarket, 
Edinburgh. 

" As Mr Cleland has for some years applied himself 
to finishing, and for a considerable time conducted the 
business of one of the principal shops in London, those 
who are pleased to favour him with their employment 
may depend upon being served with the greatest 
exactness and despatch. 

" N.B. Commissions directed as above will be 
carefully executed." 'Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
26th June 1773. 

" There was lost on Saturday the 22nd of May 1784, 
either in the playhouse or betwixt it and the Exchange 
Coffee House, a single cased Gold Watch, maker's name, 
Thomas Hill, London, No. 932, with a leather string 
and key. If the same comes to hand, please acquaint 
John Cleland, watchmaker, who will give a handsome 
reward." Caledonian Mercury, 24th May 1784. 

A capital example of his skill, namely a lady's watch, 
is now in the museum of the Society of Antiquaries 
of Scotland, Queen Street, Edinburgh. See illustra- 
tion facing page 82. 

CLELAND & MOLLISON. Edinburgh, 1785-90. 

" Margaret Guthrie, relict of John Cleland, watch 
and clock maker in Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, begs leave 
to inform her friends and the customers of her late 
husband that the business is carried on by Charles 
Mollison (q.v.), an experienced watch and clock maker, 
for the behalf of her and her small family under the 
firm of Cleland and Mollison. Commissions from the 
country will be punctually and faithfully executed. 
Those to whom John Cleland was indebted will please 
give in notes of their debts to the said Margaret 
Guthrie." Caledonian Mercury, I2th September 1785. 

CLELAND, MRS. Edinburgh, 1790-96. 

11 Lost, a plain gold case of a watch between 
Edinburgh and Leith. Any person who has found the 
same and will bring it to Mrs Cleland, watchmaker, 
Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, shall be handsomely rewarded." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 6th October 1791. 



84 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

" Found, a Pinchbeck watch. Any person who has 
lost the same will please apply to Mrs Cleland, watch- 
maker, below the Cross, Edinburgh." Ibid., I4th April 
1796. 

" CLOCK AND WATCH MAKING. Mrs Cleland, Head 
of New Assembly Close, Edinburgh, acknowledges her 
gratitude for past favours, and respectfully begs leave 
to acquaint her friends and the public that she still 
continues to carry on the clock and watch making 
business in all its branches, under the direction of a 
young man who has had long experience in that line. 
She therefore solicits her friends and the public at large 
for a continuance of their favours. 

" N.B. A neat assortment of Clocks and Watches 
always on hand." Ibid., nth June 1796. 

See also Robert Hinmers, page 190. 

CLIDSDALE OR CLYDSDALE, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 
1738-86. 

" Son of Archibald Clidsdale, Schoolmaster, Kenno- 
way, Fife ; booked apprentice to Alexander Brand, 
1 5th September 1738. Compeared on I7th November 
1 75 3, and presented his bill for being admitted a freeman 
clock and watch maker, which was received, and an essay 
and essay masters were appointed him. The essay to be 
presented betwixt and Michaelmas next. He paid the 
treasurer five pounds sterling as the half of his upset dues." 

2nd October 1754. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, being the movement of a watch begun and ended 
in his own shop, in presence of John Dalgleish and 
Andrew Dickie, watchmakers, and George Aitken, smith, 
essay masters, and Alexander Brand, landlord, as they 
declared, which was found a well-wrought essay, etc. 
He paid the treasurer five pounds sterling, as the last 
half of his upset money, and he also paid the clerk and 
officers dues." E. H. Records. 

"Lost on the 2ist, at Musselburgh, a silver watch, 
maker's name, Robert Clidsdale, No. 141. Whoever 
returns the said watch to the said Robert Clidsdale, or the 
publisher of this paper, shall be handsomely rewarded. 

" N.B. The watch has a steel chain with a steel hook 
in the form of a fish." Caledonian Mercury, 2ist April 
1764. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKM AKERS 85 

"A WATCH LOST. There was stolen or lost on 
Tuesday, the 3Oth of October 1781, betwixt the Parlia- 
ment Close and the head of the Canongate, a small- 
sized gold watch, maker's name, R. Sanderson, London, 
No. 415. It is entreated if said watch is offered for sale 
or mending to stop her and acquaint Robert Clidsdale, 
watchmaker, opposite head of Niddry's Wynd, who will 
give a sufficient reward." Ibid., 3rd November 1781. 

" James Clidsdale, served Heir General to his father, 
Robert Clidesdale, watchmaker in Edinburgh, dated 
1 5th June 1786. Recorded 22nd June 1786." Services 
of Heirs. 

" To be sold by public roup within John's Coffee- 
house, on Wednesday the i8th January 1804, the 
whole feu-duties and casualties of superiority at St John's 
Hill, South Back of the Canongate, which belonged to the 
deceased Robert Clidsdale, watchmaker in Edinburgh. 
The feu-duties amount to 30 annually." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 7th January 1804. 

CLIDSDALE, HUGH. Edinburgh, 1762-1821. 

Booked apprentice to Robert Clidsdale, 6th December 
1762. Discharged of his indentures by Robert Clidsdale, 
22nd December 1769. 

" Hugh Clidsdale, watchmaker in London, served 
Heir General to his uncle, Robert Clidsdale, watch- 
maker in Edinburgh, dated i8th November 1808. 
Recorded 28th November 1808." Services of Heirs. 

" Hugh Clidsdale, watchmaker in Edinburgh, served 
Heir General to his sister Rebecca Clidsdale there, 
dated 3Oth January 1821. Recorded 7th February 
1821." Services of Heirs. 

COATS, ROBERT. Hamilton, 1745-61. 
COCHRANE, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1754-62. 

" Son to Captain Basil Cochrane, Governor of the 
Isle of Man ; booked apprentice to John Dalgleish, 
watchmaker, 3rd July 1754. Discharged of his inden- 
tures by John Dalgleish 24th July 1762." E. H. Records. 

COCHRANE, THOMAS. Glasgow, 1810. 
COCHRANE, WILLIAM. 19 Smith Hills, Paisley, 1836. 



86 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

COCKBURN, ADAM. Haddington, 1804-43. 

Adam was a bit of a poet, and the following lines 
hit off one of his characteristics, namely, that of never 
staying long in one's shop: 

" See, Adie Cockburn shifts again ; 
His work and toil are all in vain. 
What's made in eident sitting- 
Is lost in constant flitting. 
Soon bakers' warm and smoking batches 
Will take the place of Cockburn's watches." 

MART INK'S Annals of Haddington. 

Adam Cockburn went to Canada in 1843. 
COCKBURN, ANDREW THOMPSON. Berwick-on-Tweed, 

1843- 

COCKBURN, WILLIAM. Haddington, 1814. 
COGHILL, JAMES. Glasgow, 1811. 
COLEMAN, THOMAS. Foot of Leith Walk, Leith, 1811. 
COLLISON, ALEXANDER. Stonehaven, 1834. 
COMMON, JAMES, sen. Coldstream ; died 1849. 
COMMON, JAMES, jun. Coldstream, 1849. 

"James Common, Clock and Watch Maker in 
Coldstream, served Heir General to his Grandfather, 
James Common, watchmaker there, dated iSth June 
1849. Recorded 26th July 1849."- Services of Heirs. 

CONQUER, PATRICK. Perth, 1790. 

Booked apprentice to Joseph Taylor, Perth, 1790. 

CONQUEROR, PETER. Hide Hill, Berwick-on-Tweed 

1806-22. 

CONSTABLE, ALEXANDER. Dundee, 1838. 
CONSTABLE, GEORGE. Cupar-Fife, 1814. 
CONSTABLE, WILLIAM. Dundee, 1806. 
CONSTABLE, WILLIAM. 7 High Street, Dundee, 1812-28. 
COOK, JAMES. Strichen, 1846. 

COOK, JAMES. Dumfries; died 2nd January 1874, aged 
62 years. 

COOK, WILLIAM. Aberdeen, 1651, page 6. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 87 

COOPER, THOMAS. Castle Street, Hamilton, 1836. 
COOPER, WILLIAM. Castle Wynd, Hamilton, 1808-24. 

"Robbery on Thursday last, the 3ist ult., betwixt 
the hours of eleven and twelve at night. John Lechone, 
farmer in Glasfurd, on his way home was knocked down 
and robbed of his pocket book and watch, maker's name, 
Bradshaw & Ryley, Coventry, No. 720. A handsome 
reward will be given for recovery of said watch or such 
information as may lead to a discovery of the perpetrators 
of the robbery by applying to William Cooper, Clock- 
maker, Hamilton." Glasgow Courier, 7th July 1808. 

" Mechanical wonder in Horology, invented by Mr 
William Cooper, Hamilton. Eight-day clock, lately 
invented by him, that will show the hours, minutes, 
and seconds with only three wheels and two pinions. 
Illustrated and described in the Glasgow Mechanics* 
Magazine for Saturday, I2th July 1824." 

CORBET, ROBERT. 27 Slockwell Street, Glasgow, 1822-41. 
CORDINGLEY, THOMAS. High Street, Wick, 1836. 
CORRIE, PHILIP. Langholm, 180x3-17. 
COULTER, WILLIAM. Dockhead Street, Saltcoats, 1837-50. 

COUPER, ANDREW. Clock Case Maker, Edinburgh, 1836. 

" Andrew Couper, Clockcase Maker, Edinburgh, 
served Heir of Conquest, etc., to his brother, Thomas 
Couper, wright in St Andrews, dated 29th March 1836. 
Recorded 6th April 1836." Service of Heirs. 

COUSTEILL, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1694-1715. 

" Son to Peter Cousteill, tailor and burgess of the 
Canongate, booked apprentice to Paul Romieu, 28th 
August 1694." 

6th November 1714. "There being a petition 
given in by John Cousteill, late prentice to the deceast 
Paul Romieu, watchmaker, craving that the house would 
grant warrand to the Deacon and Boxmaster to discharge 
his indentures. To the effect he may get his freedom 
yairby for the reasons yairin contained. It being put to 
the vote whether the desire of the petition should be 
granted or not, it was granted by plurality of votes." 

\$th April 1715. "The which day the haill 



88 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Incorporation being met, compeared John Cousteill, 
late apprentice to the deceast Paul Romieu, watchmaker, 
and presented his essay, viz., the movements of a 
watch, which was found a weill wrought essay, etc. His 
essay masters were Robert Alexander and John Fraser. 
His essay was made in William Sutor's shop." E. H. 
Records. 

COUTTS, JAMES. Perth, 1800 Barosa Street, Perth, 
1837-48. 

COWAN, HUGH. Duerness Street, Thurso, 1837. 

COWAN, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1744-81. 

" Son of George Cowan, wright in Edinburgh ; 
booked apprentice to Archibald Straiten, watchmaker, 
Edinburgh, 4th February 1744." 

i^th June 1753. "Presented his bill for being 
admitted a clock and watch maker in right of his service, 
which was admitted and received, and an essay and 
essay masters appointed him. He paid unto the 
Treasurer five pounds sterling as the half of his upset, 
the other half to be paid at his admission." 

2nd February 1754. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a movement of a watch begun and ended 
in his own shop in presence of James Geddes, William 
Nicol, and William Aitken, essay masters, and Archibald 
Straiten, landlord, as they all declared, which was found 
a well wrought essay, etc. He paid the Treasurer five 
pounds sterling, as the last half of his upset money, 
and he also paid the clerk and officers dues." E. H. 
Records. 

" Lost at Dalkeith, on the 4th of October last, a silver 
watch, maker's name, D. Walker, London, No. N.C.N. 
Any person who has found the same may apply to James 
Cowan at his shop, west end of Luckenbooths, Edinburgh, 
and they shall be sufficiently rewarded" Caledonian 
Mercury, 6th November 1756. 

Elected Deacon of the Incorporation of Hammermen 
of Edinburgh, I7th September 1759-60-61. 

" Stolen a small-sized silver watch, maker's name, 
James Miln, St Ninians, No. 995, the glass a little 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 89 

cracked, having a seal in the form of a compass hung by 
a black ribbon knotted in the middle. Whoever can 
give account of the said watch so as it may be recovered 
to Mr James Cowan, watchmaker, Lawnmarket, 
Edinburgh, shall have a guinea reward." Ibid., I9th 
December 1761. 

"Lost on Saturday last, between Edinburgh and 
Penicuik, a Pinchbeck watch, with green case, maker's 
name, J. Jackson, No. 8105, with a steel chain and two 
seals. Whoever has found it and returns it to the 
Publisher of this paper or Mr Cowan, Parliament Square, 
shall be handsomely rewarded." Ibid., I4th June 1779. 

" Lost on the 1 2th of October on the road from 
Dalkeith to Newbattle, from thence to the eight mile 
stone on the London road, returning to Dalkeith by the 
village of Lasswade, a small single cased French watch, 
maker's name, Charles Versen, Paris. Whoever has 
found the same and will bring it to Mr Cowan, watch- 
maker, Edinburgh, will receive a reward." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, I4th October 1780. 

For further information regarding this clever and 
capable craftsman, see notes on William Auld, p. 22, and 
p 310 for Thomas Reid who succeeded to his business 
at his death, which took place in 1781. A splendid 
specimen of his skill is now located in the entrance 
hall of the Signet Library, Parliament Square, Edin- 
burgh, the situation being only a few yards away from 
where it was originally made. 

" Ann Cowan or Pringle, wife of Dunbar Pringle, 
currier, Edinburgh, served Heir General to her brother, 
James Cowan, watchmaker there, dated Qth July 1783. 
Recorded I2th July 1783." Services of Heirs. 

COWAN, WILLIAM. 8 High Street, Glasgow, 1806-22. 

" On Friday night last a gentleman was stopped in 
Candleriggs Street by some persons who robbed him of 
a silver watch, large size, flat face, gold hands, maker's 
name, John Brown, London, No. 2676, having a brown 
ribbon with a gold key. Whoever will bring said watch 
and key to Mr William Cowan, watchmaker, High 
Street, or give information where the same may be 
found, will be handsomely rewarded." Glasgow Courier, 
2$th May 1812. 



90 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

COWAN, WILLIAM. Main Street, Lennoxtown, 1836. 

CRAIG, DAVID. Ford, Pathhead, Dalkeith, 1798-1804. 

" Lost or stolen on Wednesday night last a silver 
caped and jewelled day of the month watch, maker's 
name, David Craig, Ford, Pathhead, No. 765. Whoever 
will bring the same to Robert Logic, watchmaker, 
Richmond Street, Edinburgh, shall have forty shillings 
of reward." Edinburgh Evening Courant y Q\h June 1804. 

CRAIG, JAMES. Glasgow, about 1760. 

A capital specimen of this man's work was shown at 
the Glasgow Exhibition, 1911. It indicated the hours 
and the minutes, the day of the month, the moon's age, 
the signs of the Zodiac, the phases of the moon and her 
position in the heaven, An-astrolabe showing the stars 
of the principal constellation varying their position with 
the Calendar. 

CRAIG, PETER, Clock Dial Maker. Glasgow, 1837. 

CRAIG, ROBERT. Kilmaurs, 1740. 

CRAIG, ROBERT. Kilmarnock, 1748. 

" It is with pleasure we, the Magistrates and Town 
Council of Air (Ayr), inform the public that we have got 
iron or steel mills here for grinding malt, lately erected 
by Robert Craig, watchmaker in Kilmarnock, which 
appears to be a considerable improvement of its kind, 
and is in a great measure his own invention. The mills 
go by water, have one outer and one inner wheel of the 
usual form. The cogs of the inner wheel play upon the 
pinion of a horizontal wheel which drives two iron 
machines, whose cutters or teeth are made of steel, and 
so fitted with screws that they can be easily taken out and 
sharped when occasion requires, which will not, however, 
as we are assured, be necessary to be done oftener than 
once in two years. The tridle boards are commanded 
by strong steel springs which are able to stop the 
machine and prevent its being hurt by nails or stones 
among the malt. The mills go with as little water as 
any ordinary corn mills and grind with ease 16 bushels 
in 7 minutes. They have been going now for two 
months past and answer extremely well." Glasgow 
Courant, 24th to 3ist October 1748. 

CRAW, JAMES. High Street, Forfar, 1837. 




EIGHT-DAY CLOCK, 

In mahogany case. By James Craig, Glasgow, 
1760. The property of Sir John Stirling-Maxwell, 
Bart., of Pollok. 



[To face page 90. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 91 

CRAWFORD, ARCHIBALD. 6 Manse Court, Main Street, 

Largs, 1836-50. 

CRAWFORD, GEORGE. High Street, Falkirk, 1836. 
CRAWFORD, JAMES. 51 High Street, Johnstone, 1836. 
CRAWFORD, ROBERT. Foulden, Dunse, 1803. 
CRAWFORD, WILLIAM. Markinch, 1837. 
CRAWFORD, WILLIAM. Glasgow, 1799. 

" Watch lost on Wednesday, the 3Oth of October last, 

in the town of Rutherglen. An old silver watch, maker's 

name, William Crawford, Glasgow." Glasgow Courier, 

26th November 1799. 

CREE, JOHN. 47 Stockwell Street, Glasgow, 1829-41. 

CREIGHTON, DAVID. 28 Hamilton Street, Greenock, 
1821. 

CREITH, ROBERT. Leith, 1554. See pages 134-5. 

CREYCH, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1570 (probably same as 
above). 

CRICHTON, DAVID. Glasgow, 1822. 
CRICHTON, GEORGE. Mid-Calder, 1829. 

11 Agnes Crichton, in Mid-Calder, served Heir General 
to her mother, Barbara Stuart, wife of George Crichton, 
watchmaker there, dated I4th December 1829. Recorded 
2 ist December 1829." Services of Heirs. 

CRICHTON, JOHN. Shore, Leith, 1793-1800. 

CRIGHTON, JOHN. Dundee, 1795. 

CRIGHTON, WALTER. Nungate, Haddington, 1850. 

CROLL, COLIN. 16 South St Andrew Street, Edinburgh, 
1804-8. 

This maker does not appear to have been a freeman 
of the Edinburgh Hammermen Incorporation, but the 
omission occurring in his case will be found in that of a 
large number of others who were in business after 1 800. 
This was brought about by the action of the members of 
these old-world societies, who by a short-sighted policy 
some years previous had increased the entry money and 
other dues for freemen, in some cases 70 being asked, 



92 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

and ultimately 100 being demanded and paid for 
admission. This was prohibitive in the case of any 
but the wealthy, the consequence being that men of 
undoubted talent who lacked this amount of ready 
money trusted to their own exertions rather than 
undergo this exaction. To attempt to start business 
within the jurisdiction of these incorporations was next 
to impossible, as they had all the powers of the law at 
their command ; but in the case of a city like Edinburgh 
the march of progress was a factor that baffled their 
powers. The extension of the city by the opening of 
the North Bridge made a loophole which, by the wisdom 
of the Magistrates, was declared to be outside the scope 
of the Incorporation's bounds, and rendered it possible 
for a competent craftsman to commence business, of 
course suffering all the disadvantages of being outside 
of the recognised districts of particular trades. Croll 
evidently knew all these risks and commenced business 
at 1 6 South St Andrew Street, Edinburgh, in 1806. 
His abilities and stock may be judged of by the articles 
he dealt in, viz., box and pocket chronometers, repeat- 
ing and horizontal watches, musical, spring, quarter, 
and common eight-day clocks. Not only these " but 
any part or movement of them is executed at the 
shortest notice, complete satisfaction being guaranteed." 
Notwithstanding all these qualifications Croll could not 
hold on, and by the year 1808 his name disappears as a 
watch and clock maker in the city of Edinburgh. 

CROLL, COLIN. George Street, Perth, 1818. 

This is, in all probability, the same maker as above, 
who, profiting by his experience, found it a difficult 
matter to make a business without becoming a Hammer- 
man, and, accordingly, a Colin Croll was admitted a 
freeman of the Perth Hammermen in 1818. 

CROLL, WILLIAM. West Port, Dundee, 1837. 
CRONE, WILLIAM. Upper Denburn, Aberdeen, 1846. 
CROOKS AND BURN. High Street, Edinburgh, 1796. 

" To WATCHMAKERS AND DEALERS IN WATCHES. 
Crooks and Burn respectfully announce that they have 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 93 

formed a connection with two of the most eminent 
watch manufacturing houses in London, and supply 
dealers at the London wholesale prices, adding only a 
small commission for trouble and risk of carriage to 
Edinburgh. They also intimate to the public that this 
establishment obviously enables them to sell on the 
most favourable terms, and their liberal plan of warrant- 
ing all watches at Three Guineas price and upwards, 
securing satisfaction to a certainty, is a material object. 
The most pointed attention to orders from the country." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, i/th November 1796. 

CROSS OR CORSE, JAMES. Perth, 1800-31. 

Booked apprentice to Patrick Gardiner, Perth, 1800. 

" John Corse or Cross, at Teuchithill, served Heir 
General to his brother, James Corse or Cross, clockmaker, 
Perth, dated 3Oth September 1831. Recorded nth 
October 1831 ." Services of Heirs. 

CROSS & CARRUTHERS. 21 Elm Row, Edinburgh, 

1837- 
CROUCH, WILLIAM. 40 North Bridge, Edinburgh, 1850. 

CRUICKSHANKS, GEORGE. Elgin, 1820-37. 
CRUKSHANKS, JOHNE. Aberdeen, 1453. Page i. 

GUMMING, ALEXANDER. London, 1733-1814. 

Mathematician and Mechanic, was a native of 
Edinburgh. He was apprenticed to the watchmaking 
business, which he carried on with great reputation for 
many years in Bond Street, London. On retiring from 
trade he settled in Pentonville, where he had several 
houses. He was appointed a magistrate, and elected a 
Fellow of the Royal Society. Died 8th March 1814. 

" To be disposed by lottery by Robert Hay, 
Auctioneer, at the Edinburgh Vendue, second fore stair 
below the cross well, south side of the High Street, 
Edinburgh, a very fine eight-day clock with a mahogany 
case, dead seconds from the centre, made by Mr 
Gumming, clock and watch maker to His Majesty at 
London." Edinburgh A dvertiser. 

GUMMING, ALEXANDER. Inveraray, 1775. 



94 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

GUMMING, CHARLES. Edinburgh, 1772-78. 

Booked apprentice to Walter Brunton, Edinburgh, 
1772. 
GUMMING, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1761. 

Booked apprentice to Deacon James Cowan, clock 
and watch maker, Edinburgh, 7th February 1761. 

GUMMING, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1737. 

Son to Arthur Gumming, barber in Edinburgh; 
booked apprentice Patrick Gordon, 5th February 1737. 

CUNNINGHAM, JAMES. Haddington, 1776. 
CUNNINGHAM, WILLIAM. Sanquhar, 1837. 

CUNNINGHAM, W. AND A. 79 George Street, Edinburgh, 
1790-1845. 

CURRER, JOHN. Peebles, 1840. 

CURRER, ROBERT. High Street, Peebles, 1836. 

CUR R IE, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1793-1804. 

Castle Wynd, 1793; Hay's Close, Grassmarket, 1804. 

CUTHBERT, JAMES. Perth, 1735-55- 

Admitted a freeman clock and watch maker in 
Perth Hammermen, 1735. 

" That in the night betwixt the 2nd and 3rd 
December last, there was stolen out of James Cuthbert, 
clock smith in Perth, two silver watches : the one No. 
2113, maker's name David Lasturgeon, London, which 
has the regulator on the dial plate blued, casts up the 
day of the month in the dial plate at winding up, single 
cased, and winds up on the back of the case, covered 
with a shutter, hath a bridge instead of a cock of a 
large size, with the main spring within her broke ; the 
other an old watch, the maker's name and number 
unknown, having only an hour hand double cased. If 
any person can give notice of the above two watches 
so as they can be returned to the said James Cuthbert 
or to the publishers of this paper, they shall have one 
guinea reward and no questions asked, and if they come 
to any watchmaker's hand, they will be so good as 
detain them." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 3Oth January 
1755- 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 95 

CUTHBERT, JOHN. Perth, 1764. 

Admitted a freeman clock and watch maker in Perth 
Hammermen, 1764. 
DALGARNO, ALEXANDER. Aberdeen; died 1852. 

DALGLEISH, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1742-71. 

%th May 1742. " Son of John Dalgleish, late freeman 
and Deacon of this Incorporation, presented his bill for 
being admitted freeman watch and clock maker, which 
was received accordingly. He paid Three pounds, 
twelve shillings, and two pence and two thirds of a 
penny Sterling, as the half of his upset and dues for 
the Maiden Hospital, and is to pay the other half at 
his entry." 

\2th November 1742. " Compeared John Dalgleish, 
son to John Dalgleish, deceast, locksmith, and late Deacon 
of this Incorporation, and presented his essay, viz., a 
white movement of a watch, which was found a well 
wrought essay, etc. His essay masters were John 
Richardson and John Brown. His essay was made in his 
own shop and Hugh Barclay, landlord." E. H. Records. 

"John Dalgleish, watchmaker, burgess, North Kirk 
Parish, married to Hannah Johnston, daughter of John 
Johnston, merchant and late baillie in Culross, 19 Deer. 
1742." Edinburgh Marriage Register. 

" Lost last night betwixt the Abbay and the Meal 
Market, a small-sized silver watch, maker's name, Ellis, 
London, with a green silk string and a key. Whoever 
has found it let them call at John Dalgleish, watchmaker 
in Edinburgh, who will give half a guinea of a reward." 
Caledonian Mercury -, 7th June 1744. 

i$th September 1749. "At a meeting of the 
Incorporation, called on the above date for the purpose 
of voting on the names submitted as candidates for the 
office of Deacon, objections were taken to John 
Dalgleish's vote. James Clausen protested that John 
Dalgleish should not be allowed to vote because he had 
a benefice and office from the Town Council for keeping 
the town clocks, and an act of Council for that purpose 
with an annual salary, to which Deacon Gifford and 
others adheared. 



96 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

"John Dalgleish answered he had no such office as 
either from the nature of the thing or by any law could 
disqualify him from his right of voting as any other 
free member, and protested his vote might be received 
and held good, to which Deacon Wilson adheared. 

" John Dalgleish then voted under such conditions, 
and, briefly, it may be stated that he had the satisfaction 
of seeing five of the six names he voted for elected to 
be presented to the Town Council for revisal, his own 
name making the sixth. Next day a meeting being 
called, the members agreed that the protest taken 
against John Dalgleish's vote shall go no further than 
among themselves, and the Deacon then presenting the 
amended leet from the Town Council (three names in 
number), voting took place, and John Dalgleish was 
practically unanimously elected Deacon of the Edinburgh 
Hammermen for the ensuing year, and as usual the 
minutes of this meeting are signed in his own hand- 
writing." E. H. Records. 

" A gold watch lost, the dial plate gold, maker's name 
Johnson, and the day of the month cast up on the dial 
plate. The watch is pretty large, has only a single 
case, and winds up on the back of the case. It had a 
steel chain and a steel seal with a coat of arms. If any 
person has found it and will return it to Mr John 
Dalgleish, watchmaker, in the Parliament Close, Edin- 
burgh, shall be sufficiently rewarded." Caledonian 
Mercury, 23rd May 1753. 

"To be sold on the loth February next, betwixt 
the hours of four and five afternoon, within John's Coffee- 
house, a house, fifth story of Paterson's Court, possest 
by John Dalgleish, watchmaker, consisting of kitchen 
and three fire rooms, rent 7" Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 3<Dth January 1767. 

We now give an account of an episode in John 
Dalgleish's life, which, no doubt, affected many others 
beside him, namely, the visit of Prince Charlie and his 
Highland host to Edinburgh in the ever-memorable 
year of 1745, but was curiously enough brought home 
to him in a manner that gave him some concern. This 
was owing to the inquiry by the Government into 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 97 

the matter after the Rebellion was over, and in Vol. 18 
of State Trials , page 102-6, will be found an account of 
the " Trial of Archibald Stewart, late Lord Provost 
of Edinburgh, for neglect of duty and misbehaviour 
in the execution of his office as Lord Provost, before 
and at the time the rebels got possession of the city, 
in the middle of September 1745." John Dalgleish 
had the unique experience of being summoned as a 
witness for both sides of the inquiry, his testimony 
being as follows : 

"John Dalgleish, watchmaker in Edinburgh, depones, 
That he was a captain of the trained bands on duty 
upon the evening of Monday, the loth of September 
1745, and between seven and eight o'clock at night, 
he received a message by one of the town's officers, 
containing orders to him to cause his company to 
lay down their arms and to dismiss them, which he 
did not incline on that message to do, but sent his 
ensign, William Sibbald, tailor, with orders to find out 
the Provost wherever he was and to acquaint him, 
and if he could not be found, the captain commandant ; 
that he the deponent had received the above message, 
as from the panel or some of the council, and to 
enquire at one or either of them if such a message 
was sent, and what he would do in relation to the 
subject thereof. That his ensign accordingly went 
and returned to him between eight and nine o'clock, 
with orders as from the panel to dismiss his guard 
and lay down their arms, and the deponent being then 
standing at the door of the Weigh-house, which was 
his post, and where he had planted two sentries, his 
men rushed out upon him leaving their arms behind 
them. And depones, That he received no direction 
from any person in what manner these arms should 
be disposed of or secured. Depones, That he first 
mounted guard upon the evening of the fast day, 
which was held two weeks before the rebels came 
to town, and mounted guard again upon the i6th 
day of September, about seven o'clock in the morning, 
and just before that saw Panel in the Goldsmith's Hall, 

G 



98 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

who acquainted the deponent that he would get powder 
and ball and cartridge boxes from John Hislop, the 
city store keeper. That about nine o'clock he sent 
to Mr Hislop, desiring to have them, but he not being 
in the way the said ammunition was not brought 
till about eleven o'clock, when as much as was 
thought would be useful was delivered to him for 
his company. 

" Being interrogate for the panel depones, That 
betwixt nine and ten of the Sunday morning, the 
1 5th, the officers of the trained bands were called 
by the captain commandant, by the panel's orders, 
to the Crown tavern, where he and the rest of the 
captains, who were all in one room together, received 
orders from their commandant to be ready to draw 
out their companies on a minute's warning, which 
each captain communicated to his subaltern with orders 
to such of them as were there not to leave that tavern 
without leaving word where they might be found. 
That about three o'clock of the afternoon of this day 
the captains got orders to repair to their respective 
bounds and draw out their companies, which they 
accordingly did, and then the deponent's company 
had arms distributed among them, and, as far as he 
could observe, arms were delivered to the other com- 
panies, and that before the companies were dismissed 
they received orders to be ready to march at tuck 
of drum." 

These scattered but authentic notices of this crafts- 
man exhibit the part he played in the common affairs 
of his fellow citizens. Useful in his day and generation 
he had the satisfaction of handing on his flourishing 
business to his son Laurence (q.v.) some years before 
his death, which took place at the close of the year 
1771. 

DALGLEISH, LAURENCE. Edinburgh, 1771-1821. 

2$rd March 1771. "Compeared and presented a 
bill craving to be admitted a freeman clock and watch 
maker in right of his father. The prayer of which was 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 99 

granted. The essay to be presented between and the 
first Martinmas meeting. He paid the Treasurer sixty- 
five merks as the first half of his upset money." 

2 5/7* January 1772. " Laurence Dalgleish, son of the 
deceast John Dalgleish, compeared and presented his 
essay, being a watch movement begun, made, and 
finished in his own shop, in presence of James Cowan, 
landlord, Robert Clidsdale, William Downie, and Thomas 
Letham, essay masters." E. H. Records. 

"Christina Dalgleish, wife of L. Dalgleish, watch- 
maker, Edinburgh, served Heir General to her father, 
Patrick Geddes, Surgeon, Culross, dated 26th July 1791. 
Recorded 28th July 1791." Services of Heirs. 

" Laurence Dalgleish retires from business ; he goes 
to reside at Torryburn, where he will be able to supply 
his customers on more moderate terms than formerly. 
Although L. D. has no successor to his business, yet 
from the friendship he bears to Mr George Skelton 
(q.v.), watchmaker at the Cross, he takes this oppor- 
tunity of recommending him to his customers for 
repairing their watches, and that they may be assured 
that he is a man of integrity and completely master 
of his business, and he has not the least doubt of his 
giving entire satisfaction to L. D.'s friends." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, i8th June 1808. 

He died at West Grange in 1821. 
DALGLEISH, ROBERT. High Street, Falkirk, 1820. 

DALGLEISH & DICKIE. North Bridge, Edinburgh, 
1791. 

"A watch lost on Wednesday, the I9th current, 
between seven and eight in the morning. A silver 
watch was lost between the west end of the links of 
Kirkcaldy and Pettycur Harbour, maker's name, Thomas 
Stroud, London, No. 451. If the person who has found 
the same will restore it to Messrs Dalgleish and Dickie, 
watch makers, North Bridge Street, Edinburgh, they 
will be handsomely rewarded, and it is requested it may 
be stopt if offered for sale." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 2Oth October 1791. 



100 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

BALL, THOMAS. Dundee, 1819. 

" Lily Anderson or Ball, wife of Thomas Ball, 
watchmaker, Dundee, served Heir Portioner General 
to her father, Walter Anderson, weaver there, dated 
I2th August 1819. Recorded i;th August 1819." 
Services of Heirs. 

BALL AS, ALEXANDER. Inverness, 1850. 

See note on William Smith, Inverness, pages 366-7. 

BALLAS, JOSEPH. Perth, 1760. 

17 'th May 1760. "Joseph Ballas, a stranger, is 
admitted to be a freeman clock and watch maker in the 
Incorporation of Hammermen, Perth, for payment of 
five pounds sterling." 

" Prosecuted in 1763 for encroaching on the trade 
privileges." Perth Hammermen Records. 

DALLAWAY & SON. Edinburgh, 1785-1812. 

Though not clockmakers, yet are entitled to a place 
in these lists, seeing that nearly all the painted and 
enamelled clock dials produced in Edinburgh near the 
end of the eighteenth century were the work of this 
firm. The earliest notice of the name occurs in an 
advertisement in the Edinburgh Evening Courant^ dated 
1 8th June 1785. 

" A feu-duty of Four pounds ten shillings, upliftable 
forth of a piece of ground lying on the north side of the 
Canongate at the foot of Tolbooth Wynd, with a work 
house built thereon as presently possessed by Mr 
William Ballaway, Japanner." 

This William was the first in Edinburgh to introduce 
the art of japanning, and from about 1780 up to 1800 
had the monopoly of the manufacture in the district. 
It is highly probable that he was also the designer and 
draughtsman of a number of these painted dials as the 
following seems to imply : 

"JAPANNING. William Ballaway returns his grate- 
ful acknowledgments to such as have employed him, 
and solicits a continuance of their favours. He has 
taken in partnership his son, who has been in London 
and Birmingham for the improvement of that art. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 101 

Informs their employers that he has prjocuted the secret 
of inlaying stove fronts, dressing-causes, candlesticks^ etc.^ 
which is a thing never attempted. -here, be fore. : r^Ve- 
merchants in that line must see the utility of such an 
art as they can have whatever pattern executed in less 
time than they could bring them from London. There 
tortoiseshell and Pontipool work exceeds every thing of 
the kind attempted here both for beauty in varnish and 
regularity in striping. 

" W. D. & Son beg leave to mention that they have 
greatly enlarged their shops for the carrying on the 
chair japanning and that they have procured some of 
the finest varnishes for wood. They have a varnish for 
mahogany tables and tea-trays that will not fly although 
ever so hardly handled. W. D. & Son flatter them- 
selves that their work upon trial will give satisfaction. 
Commissions from the country carefully executed. W. D. 
still continues to teach drawing in all its branches as 
usual. Foot of Tolbooth Wynd, Canongate." Ibid., 2nd 
February 1793. 

William Dallaway dying after this date, the business 
became known as H. Dallaway & Son. To give an 
idea of the trade they carried on, an advertisement 
from the same newspaper, and dated i8th May 1797, 
follows : 

"H. Dallaway & Son, Japan Manufactory, North 
Back of Canongate, Edinburgh. 

" H. D. & Son return their grateful acknowledgments 
for past favours. They beg leave to inform their friends 
and the public that they have on hand a complete 
assortment of the following articles which they continue 
to sell Wholesale, Retail, and for Exportation : 

"Japanned Fire Screens of black iron, a capital 
invention, and for elegance and neatness nothing can 
excel them ; Clock Dials, a fine collection ; Tea Trays, 
Waiters, Candlesticks, Snuffer Stands, Knife Slips, 
Bread Baskets. 

" H. D. & Son cannot let slip this opportunity of 
particularly recommending their Tea Trays, Waiters, etc., 
as they have now brought them to that perfection as 
would do honour to an English Manufactory. They 
flatter themselves that from their perseverance and 



102 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

r attention' they still will merit a continuance of past 
favours. Commissions from the country in the 

^ Japanning line. or for any of the above articles will be 
carefully attended to." 

How long after this date the Japanning Manufactory 
was carried on we have been unable to discover, but 
another brother named Patrick Dallaway opened an 
ironmonger's business in the High Street about 1807, 
which, as the following correspondence shows, was in 
active existence at that date. We may be pardoned for 
bringing this brother's name into our lists, seeing he is 
in no way entitled to be classed as a clockmaker, but it 
is given chiefly to bring out the arbitrary manner which 
the Hammermen of Edinburgh adopted in coercing a 
citizen whose only fault was that he dared to open a 
shop within their jurisdiction without first joining the 
Incorporation. The correspondence from their Records 
here given shows the jealousy that existed even as late 
as the nineteenth century among the trade burgesses of 
Edinburgh. 

2$th July 1809. "Remitted the case of Patrick 
Dallaway, stated to be guilty of an encroachment, to 
the quartermaster to call him to account, and with 
powers to proceed against him if he does not give them 
satisfaction." 

^th November 1809. "William Lochart, from the 
Quartermaster's, reported that they had waited on 
Mr Dallaway relative to the encroachment made by him 
on the rights of the Incorporation, but had received no 
satisfaction nor had he thought proper to return any 
answer to a letter written to him on the subject. It 
was agreed, however, to delay any proceedings against 
him until next quarter, and direct intimation to be made 
to him that if he fails to enter with the Incorporation 
against that time, that they will direct he to be 
prosecuted." 

2nd April 1910. "Letter from P. Dallaway, which 
was received previous to the meeting of the 3rd February, 
but wants a date. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 103 

" To the Deacon and Incorporation of Hammermen 
of Edinburgh : 

"GENTLEMEN, On the 22nd instant I received a 
letter from your clerk, Mr C. Cunningham, informing 
me unless I entered with the trade at first meeting a 
prosecution would be commenced against me under a 
pretence that I was infringing on their rights. I have 
to inform you I do no more than the Greenside 
Company and not so much as Mr Thomson. Notwith- 
standing this, I mean to settle with the Incorporation of 
Hammermen in an amicable manner. I now make an 
offer of the sum that was paid by Mr Sanderson to be 
allowed the privilege of keeping warehouse within the 
city. At present I do not ; I only exercise the pro- 
fession of a merchant. The few articles that are 
manufactured by William Dallaway & Son in the 
Canongate, and the small quantity that is bought by 
me from that concern, is very trifling indeed. Should 
my offer not be accepted I have, on the other hand, no 
objection to become bound that no article manufactured 
by that company shall be sold or retailed within the 
city, that will in the least infringe on the rights and 
privileges of the Incorporation of Hammermen. I 
have also to observe that there is not an article that is 
manufactured by that concern that is not as regularly 
paid for as if it had been brought 1000 miles distant, 
and really, considering that I am no Hammerman bred, 
and as you have already a precedent in your books, 
wherein you have admitted the exercise of the trade to 
an individual without granting the rights or privileges 
of the chapel, or anything that may belong to the 
Incorporation, except the free exercise of his business 
within the city. In Mary's Chapel there are several 
instances of the same nature. Some time ago I 
mentioned to Messrs Smith and Lochart that I was 
willing to submit my case to arbitration, but to this 
I never received an answer, but peremptorily demanding 
me to enter without ever convincing or instructing why 
I should do so. 

" I think after making this offer my case might be 



104 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

seriously considered, and I make no doubt all of you 
will be convinced of the fairness of my conduct towards 
the Incorporation of Hammermen. 

" Your accepting of my offer will much oblige, etc., 

" P. BALL AWAY." 

2nd April 1810. "Which letter and the proposition 
therein contained having been fully considered by the 
committee, they are of opinion that the terms he offers 
ought not to be accepted of. But if Mr Dallaway shall, 
at or before the term of Whitsunday next, pay to the 
treasurer the sum of ^35, they would propose that he 
shall be allowed twelve months more to consider whether 
he will pay the other ^"35, make an essay and become 
a member, or pay only 15 more, for which sum of ^50 
he should have the privilege of carrying on the tinsmith 
art within the city, but to have no title or interest in the 
other rights and privileges of the Incorporation." 

22nd May 1810. "The committee having recon- 
sidered their former report in terms of the minute from 
last quarter meeting, are of opinion that although in 
general a less sum than 50 should not be taken for 
allowing any person to practise an art which interferes 
with the privileges of this Incorporation, yet as the 
father of Mr Dallaway had introduced the Art of 
Japanning into this quarter, which had turned out to be 
beneficial to the trade of the country, they therefore 
recommend that out of respect to his memory his 
son should be allowed to carry on the tinsmith trade 
within the city for the sum of forty pounds during his 
life, but to enjoy no other privileges belonging to the 
Incorporation, and for the same reason if Mr Dallaway 
prefers entering with the Incorporation, and being 
admitted in common form, that he should be received 
upon paying sixty pounds sterling." 

" Letter read from P. Dallaway, dated 2Qth November 
1810, on 2nd February 1811 : 

" In answer to yours of the 3rd, enclosing an extract 
of the Hammermen of Edinburgh, I have, in the first 
place, to return them my most respectful compliments 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 105 

for the very handsome manner they have offered me 
to become a member of their Incorporation, on account 
of my father having introduced the japanning trade, 
and, believe me, nothing would have given me more 
pleasure than to have become a full member of so 
respectable a body. But from the death of my father, 
I find I cannot carry on the ironmongery business and 
follow the japanning also ; therefore I must relinquish 
one of them. I have now come to the resolution of 
giving up the said ironmongery and mean to devote my 
attention to my manufactory. I trust this will be a 
sufficient apology to the Incorporation for my not 
entering \vith them, and I am, with gratitude, your most 
obedient servant, P. DALLAWAY." 

(Same date). ".And the meeting having considered 
the same, are of opinion that as he has carried on 
business for two years, that the treasurer should apply 
to him for eight guineas as Stallanger's fees to the term 
of Whitsunday next." 

^rd August 1811. "Read letter from P. Dallaway 
and direct the clerk to write him and insist for payment 
of 8, 8s. as a Stallanger fee to Whitsunday last, 
acquainting him at same time that unless he come 
forward to enter with the Incorporation or remove his 
shop between W r hitsunday and Martinmas next that the 
prosecution will be proceeded in, and the clerk is 
authorized accordingly." 

2nd November 1811. "Patrick Dallaway compeared 
on this date, and presented a petition craving to be 
admitted a freeman tinsmith for payment of sixty 
pounds, as fixed by minute of the Incorporation, dated 
22nd May 1810; and the prayer thereof being granted, 
it was agreed that the eight guineas already paid by 
Mr Dallaway of Stallanger fees should be allowed out 
of the first moiety of his entry money. He accordingly 
paid the treasurer 21, I2s., and was appointed to 
produce his essay at the next quarter." 

ist February 1812. "Compeared and produced his 
essay, a drainer, begun, made, and finished in his own 



106 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

shop in presence of Adam Anderson, landlord, and 
John Steel and Robert White, essay masters, as they 
declared. He paid the treasurer thirty pounds, being 
the second moiety of his entry money, and was accord- 
ingly admitted." 

DALRYMPLE, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1781. 

Booked apprentice to Robert Aitchison, Edinburgh, 
3rd November 1781. 

DALZEIL, JAMES. Fraserburgh, 1798-1815. 

DANKS, - . Watch Case Maker, Edinburgh, 1819-35. 
84 High Street, 1819; I Carrubber's Close, 1835. 

DARLING, ROBERT. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1788-1825; 
4 West Richmond Street, 1825. 

DARLING, ROBERT. Haddington, 1796. 

DARLING, ROBERT. Lauder, 1797. 

DAVIDSON, ANDREW. George Street, Stranraer, 1820. 

DAVIDSON, . Dunse, 1808. 

"CURIOUS FIND IN A CLOCK. A curious find was 
made the other day in the works of the old clock, which 
for many years was in the ' briest o' the laft,' or perhaps 
nowadays more intelligibly the front of the gallery, in 
the old Free Church, Newton Port. When, more than 
twenty years ago, the church was deserted for the new 
St John's Church at the West Port, the clock was 
removed, on instructions, by Mr D. M. Rose, Market 
Street. The old recorder of time, which had served its 
day and generation well, was of no use, but it lay 
unbroken-up till a few days ago. It was believed to 
have been made by a Haddington clockmaker, but 
strangely enough, this point was settled in its hour 
of dissolution. On opening what is known as the 
' barrel ' of the works, Mr Rose found a small bit of 
old-fashioned hand-made paper, bearing on both sides 
faded writing. The paper is about 3^ inches by 2\ 
inches. The writer has been somewhat illiterate. The 
following, as closely as the writing can be made out, 
is an exact copy: 'Dunse, May 6, 1808. I can't say 
when this is putin in, but Lord knows when it will 
be taken out again we'll (the two ll's are somewhat 
scratched out) will be all Dead and rotten be that time. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 107 

James Gray, Boren in Blincarne (or Blinearne), Aged 
22 years, prentice to Mr Davidson, Dunse, May 6th 
1808, Mr Davidson's Shop. With the jornaman and 
prentices Names. James Davidson, son to Billie ; Thos. 
Gray, prentice ; Jno. Paxton, pre. ; Jas. Atkinson, jor. ; 
Wm. Walker (or Walter), jor. ; James Gray, prens. ; 
Thos. McGregor, prs. ; Alexr. McGregor, Maker, jornn. 
Mr A. McGregor going to Yenmouth' (word doubtful). 
Apparently the word 'can't' in the opening line was 
meant to be 'can'; 'pre' means 'prentice'; and 'jor,' 
'journeyman.' Almost to a day the paper lay in its 
hiding-place for 108 years. The writer, Thomas Gray, 
must have been born in 1786, the year when Robert 
Burns first published his poems." Haddington Courier, 
May 1916. 



DAVIDSON, CHARLES. Forfar, 1798-1815. 
DAVIDSON, JAMES. Dunbar, 1813-37. 
DAVIDSON, JAMES. Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, 1836. 
DAVIDSON, JAMES. High Street, Girvan, 1820-37. 
DAVIDSON, JOHN. 21 Oxford Street, Glasgow, 1836. 
DAVIDSON, JOHN. Wick, 1892. Page 26. 
DAVIDSON, NEAN. Dunse, 1798-1820. 
DAVIDSON, ROBERT. Lerwick, Shetland, 1836. 

DAVIE, CHRISTOPHER. Linlithgow, 1783-1832. 

Son of below, and for many years Dean of Guild 
of Linlithgow. 

DAVIE, JOHN. Linlithgow, 1753-84. See notes on 
Linlithgow Town Clocks. 

"James Bryce, flaxdresser in Linlithgow, married 
Margaret, daughter of John Davie, watchmaker there, 
29th April 1778." Edinburgh Marriage Register. 

DAWSON, DAVID. Tarbolton, 1837. 

DAWSON, MATTHEW. Haddington, 1798-1843. 

DEAN, THOMAS. 25 New Bridge Street, Glasgow, 1841. 

DEANS, JOHN. Haddington, 1803. 

DEVERLEY, HUGH. 232 High Street, Perth, 1843. 



108 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

DEVLIN, PATRICK. Greenock, 1840. 

" On Friday night or Saturday morning the shop of 
Mr Patrick Devlin, watchmaker, situated in William 
Street, Greenock, was entered by thieves, and no fewer 
than sixty-four watches, seven of them which were of 
gold, carried off, besides a quantity of jewellery, the 
extent of which has not yet been ascertained. There 
were also taken three American eagles (gold), one old 
guinea, a sovereign and a half, and about thirty ounces 
of dollars and old coins. The value of the watches 
alone is about 500. No trace of the thieves had been 
obtained up to Saturday night. 

" We noted some time ago that a jeweller's shop was 
broken into in Greenock and gold and silver watches 
carried away to the value of 500. In consequence of 
information communicated to the Carlisle Police, they 
succeeded in taking into custody a broker from Glasgow 
who was attempting to dispose of some of the stolen 
watches. Upwards of twenty were found in his possession, 
and the prisoner and property were brought to Glasgow 
by Mr Mann, Superintendent of the Greenock Police." 
Edinburgh Evening Post, nth and 25th July 1848. 

DEWAR, DAVID. West Street, Doune, 1837. 

DICK, JAMES. Ayr; died nth June 1800. 

DICK, ROBERT. Dailly, Ayrshire, 1850. 

DICK, WILLIAM. 96 Jamaica Street, Glasgow, 1841. 

DICKIE, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1762-1808. 

" Bound apprentice to Daniel Binny, watch and clock 
maker, 2Oth June 1762. Discharged of his indentures 
on 26th December 1769. Compeared on 26th December 
1776, and presented a bill craving to be admitted a 
freeman clock and watch maker." 

^rd May 1777 "Compeared and produced his 
essay, being a watch movement begun and finished in 
his own shop, in presence of Robert Clidsdale, landlord, 
John Skirving, Thomas Morgan, and Thomas Sibbald, 
essay masters as they declared, etc." E. H. Records. 

" Lost this morning in the town of Leith or on the 
pier, a gold chased watch, No. 219, maker's name, 
Thomas Harvey, London. Whoever has found the 
said watch and will remit it to Mr Dickie, watchmaker, 




BRACKET CHIMING CLOCK, 

In walnut case, with ormolu mountings. By Alexander Dickie, Edinburgh, 
1762-1808. The property of the Bank of Scotland, Edinburgh. 



[To face page 108. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 109 

Bridge Street, or the publisher of this paper shall be 
handsomely rewarded." Edinburgh Evening Courant^ 
1 8th August 1781. 

In all probability this is the same individual who 
was in partnership with Laurence Dalgleish. See page 
99. A beautiful bracket clock of his production is now 
located in the Bank of Scotland, Edinburgh. See 
illustration. 

DICKIE, ANDREW. Edinburgh, 1736-52. 

gtk January 1736. " The committee having taken into 
their consideration the possibility of admitting strangers 
to be freemen, it being a tender point to the generality 
of the arts to determine that point absolutely at present, 
but leaves it to the consideration of the particular 
art when application is made to them upon that account. 
And as to giving an answer to Mr Dickie's letter, they 
upon desire of clockmakers present, delay giving their 
opinion till the clockmakers meet with Mr Dickie this 
night, and give in their report after they have communed 
with Mr Dickie against to-morrow morning." 

10th January 1736. "The house having met, the 
Deacon reporting from the meeting of the clockmakers 
that they were willing to receive Mr Dickie in the terms 
of his letter, John Brown, clockmaker, protested that in 
case this house is not able to protect the clockmaker's 
art in their privileges against any stranger, the house 
shall be obliged not only to refund the money paid by 
Mr Dickie but also what money has been paid by any of 
the art, to whom Patrick Gordon, Alexander Brand, and 
Hugh Barclay adhered." 

(Same date). "The Incorporation having considered 
the letter from Andrew Dickie, clockmaker, craving to 
be admitted a freeman clockmaker upon his paying 
Thirty pounds Sterling, providing the Incorporation 
will provide him his burgess-ship and free him of 
all the expenses of getting it, and also the report from 
the clockmakers of their being willing and consenting 
to his being admitted on these terms, the house 
unanimously agree to receive him upon these terms 



110 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

and recommend to the Deacon to get him made burgess 
as easy as possible." 

2%th September 1736. " Compeared and presented 
his essay, viz., an eight-days' pendulum clock, which was 
found a well wrought essay, etc., and therefore they 
admitted him to be a freeman clock and watch maker 
among them. His essay masters were John Brown, 
clockmaker, Alexander Brand, and George Aitken. His 
essay was made in Hugh Barclay's shop. He paid the 
. boxmaster Thirty pounds Sterling for his upset, and, in 
token of his consent to the Incorporation's Act, had 
subscribed their presents. Sic subita, Andw. Dickie." 
E. H. Records. 

"There was lost on Thursday, the 1 5th current, at the 
Head of the Canongate, a watch with an enamelled dial 
plate in a single case covered with Shagreen, maker's 
name, Etherington, London, No. 2090. Any person who 
can give notice thereof are desired to acquaint Andrew 
Dickie, watchmaker in Edinburgh, and they shall be 
handsomely rewarded and no questions asked." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 3Oth January 1750. 

" There was lost on the Qth July between Bilston and 
Papermill, a watch in a gold inner case and enamelled 
dial, its outer case shagreen of a green colour neatly 
studded, within which case is an Equation table with 
the following direction on it : ' Andrew Dickie, at the 
Blackmoor Head and Star, in West Smithfield, London.' 
Whoever has found the same and will bring it entire to 
Mr Andrew Dickie, watchmaker, Edinburgh, shall have 
3 guineas reward." Caledonian Mercury, 1 5th July 1755. 

As will be seen by the above minutes from the 
Hammermen's Records, no information is to be found 
where this maker came from. It is clear from the 
comparative easy manner he gained admission into the 
Incorporation that his credentials and skill were of a 
high order, a fact brought out by reference to the notes 
on Dunfermline Town Clocks, page 128, where he was 
selected to make and fit up a new clock for the Kirk 
Steeple in 1743-45- He was in business at Wilson's 
Land, Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, which he occupied till 
1765, the year of his death ; his nephew, Daniel Binny 
(q.v.), succeeding to his business at that date. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 111 

DICKIE, ANDREW. Dunfermline, 1752. 

In Henderson's Annals of Dunfermline it is stated 
that one Andrew Dickie was the first clockmaker to 
commence business in that town. 
DICKIE, ANDREW. Stirling, 1723-39. 
DICKIE, WILLIAM. Dunfermline, 1780. 

" A WATCH STOLEN. There was stolen within these 
few days from a house in the town of Dunfermline, a 
silver watch with an enamelled dial plate, maker's name, 
David Hastings, Alnwick, No. 150. Any person who 
will bring the same or give information as shall lead to 
the recovery of it to Mr William Dickie, watchmaker, 
Dunfermline, or to the publisher of this paper will be 
handsomely rewarded." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
27th September 1780. 
DICKMAN, JOHN. Leith, 1800-50. 

Bernard Street, 1800; 36 Shore, 1825; 4 Charlotte 
Place, 1850. 
DICKMAN, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1842. 

At a meeting of the Royal Society of Arts held on 
1 2th December 1842, a timepiece constructed on the 
principle of the rotary pendulum without an escape- 
ment was exhibited by Mr John Dickman, chronometer, 
watch, and clock maker, 142 George Street, Edinburgh. 
DICKSON, CHARLES. Dundee, 1722. 
DICKSON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1790. 

Apprenticed to Laurence Dalgleish, loth February 
1790. 

DIXON, THOMAS. High Street, Haddington, 1837. 
DOBBIE, ANDREW. Glasgow, 1820-48. 

"Serious Riot in Glasgow on Monday, 5th March 
1848. Mob attacked the shop of Mr Dobbie, Clyde 
Place, watchmaker, and presented a pistol at the head 
of the shop boy, threatening to shoot him if he dared 
to offer any resistance. They then proceeded to rifle 
the shop of the gold and silver watches it contained ; 
some of the marauders were observed running out of 
the shop with their pockets full of watches. Mr Dobbie 
himself was wounded in defending his property." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant^ March 1848. 

DOBBIE, GEORGE. High Street, Falkirk, 1821-50. 



112 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

DOBBIE, JOHN. Prestonpans, 1820. 

DOBBIE, JOHN. 275 High Street, Glasgow, 1802-26. 

" Watch lost about a month ago in the village of 
Milngavie, a silver watch with concrete seconds, silver 
caped stop point broken, maker's name, C. Davidson, 
London, No. 6098, both upon the cape and work. Those 
who have the said watch and will return it to Mr John 
Dobbie, watchmaker, High Street, Glasgow, will receive 
a genteel reward." Glasgow Courier^ 23rd October 1802. 

DOBBIE, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1783. 

DOBBIE, THOMAS. 51 Adelphi Street, Glasgow, 1828-48. 

DOBBIE, WILLIAM. Falkirk, 1768. 

" Lost or stolen betwixt Falkirk and Carron works, 
a silver watch with a brass pendant, bow and stud, and 
a silver face, maker's name, Phillips, London, number 
not known. If the said watch come to any watchmaker 
or merchant's hand, they will please stop the same, and 
write to William Dobbie, Clock and Watch Maker, 
Falkirk. If any person delivers it to the said William' 
Dobbie, they will be sufficiently rewarded." Caledonian 
Mercury ', I7th September 1768. 

" John Bowie, malster, St Giles Parish, married 
Eupham, daughter to the deceased William Dobbie, 
watchmaker, Falkirk, i8th Deer. 1783." Edinburgh 
Marriage Register. 

DOBBIE, WILLIAM. Falkirk, 1821-45. 
Probably son of above. 

" Watchmaker and Jeweller and Clockmaker to the 
Queen, opposite to the Steeple, High Street, Falkirk, 
respectfully announces that he has just got to hand a 
large assortment of Gold and Silver patent lever and 
other watches, and has much pleasure in recommending 
them to the public, feeling assured that he never had it 
in his power to supply them with watches of such 
superior quality at the same moderate prices. 

" His stock of warranted eight-day clocks being 
made under his own inspection, they are of the best 
workmanship and just such as were made by his fore- 
fathers. W. D. has just completed two of Russell's 
splendid and celebrated royal Barometers (now scarce), 
warranted identical with those made by the original 
constructor. The dial presents two indexes, the one 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 113 

* of common range and the other indicating the thousands 
of an inch in the rise or fall of the Mercury. 

" Mr Russell had the honour of presenting one of 
these barometers to his late Majesty, George the Third, 
and another to the then Prince of Wales, who were both 
pleased to express their approbation of them." Alloa 
Monthly Advertiser^ 7th February 1845. 

DODS, ANDREW. Selkirk, about 1785. 

DOIG, ALEXANDER. 6 Ann Street, Edinburgh, 1811. 

DOIG, ALEXANDER. Musselburgh, 1814-36. 

" SOCIETY OF ARTS FOR SCOTLAND. Prize gained 
and presented to Mr Alexander Doig, watchmaker, 
Musselburgh, the Society's Silver Medal, value 5, 55 , 
for his description of the model of a clock pendulum 
without the crutch. 

'''Note. The great perfection to which the art of 
clockmaking is carried renders any attempt at a further 
improvement both extremely difficult and highly 
interesting, and it is thus peculiarly the province of the 
Society to encourage any contrivance for obviating a 
known difficulty." 

DOIG, WILLIAM. Polmont, 1825; clockface in Grand 

Lodge Museum, Edinburgh. 
DON, GEORGE. Glasgow, 1804. 
DONALD, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1815. 

Apprenticed to Robert Bryson, 4th November 1815. 
DONALD, WILLIAM. Rhynie, Aberdeenshire, 1837. 
DONALDSON, ANDREW. 25 High Street, Airdrie, 1836. 
DONALDSON, DAVID. 4 Dairy mple Place, Edinburgh, 

1822. 

DONALDSON, JAMES. Meigle, 1837. 
DONALDSON, JOHN. 48 Glassford Street, Glasgow, 1839. 
DOUGAL, ALEXANDER. Strathaven, 1836. 
DOUGAL, ALEXANDER. Trongate, Glasgow, 1846. 
DOUGAL, GEORGE. 78 Candlemaker Row, Edinburgh, 

1819. 

DOUGAL, JOHN. Kippen, 1836. 
DOUGAL, - . Brunswick Street, Glasgow, 1849. 
DOUGLAS, ALEXANDER. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1817. 

H 



114 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

DOUGLAS, GEORGE. Holytown, 1847. 
DOUGLAS, GEORGE. Bonhill, 1837. 
DOUGLAS, JAMES. Dundee, 1794. 
DOUGLAS, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1759. 

Son of Alexander Douglas, Edinburgh ; booked 
apprentice to William Nicol, 24th February 1759. 
DOUGLAS, JAMES. 65 Gallowgate, Glasgow, 1841. 
DOUGLAS, JOHN. Dumbarton, 1824. 
DOUGLAS, WALTER. Dollar, 1795. 
DOUGLAS, WALTER. Douglas, 1820. 
DOUGLAS, WALTER. Polwhat Street, Galston, 1837. 
DOUGLAS & SON. Greenock, 1842. 
DOUGLASS, ALEXANDER. Bowmore, Islay, 1837. 
DOW, ANDREW. 22 Argyle Street, Glasgow, 1837. 
DOW, JOHN. 132 Trongate, Glasgow, 1837. 
DOWNIE, DAVID. Edinburgh, 1812. 

ist October 1812. " Compeared and presented his 
petition craving to be admitted a freeman in right of 
his father, William Downie (q.v.), late clock and watch 
maker in Edinburgh and member of the Incorporation. 
Petition granted, and he paid the treasurer six pounds 
sterling." 

$ist October 1812. "Compeared and produced his 
essay, being a clock movement, begun, made, and finished 
in the shop of George Skelton, landlord, in presence of 
James Ramage and Andrew Wilson, essay masters as 
they declared." E. H. Records. 

DOWNIE, JOHN. About Edinburgh, 1745. See William 
Downie. 

DOWNIE, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1745-76. 

" Son to John Downie, watchmaker, about Edinburgh ; 
booked apprentice to James Geddes, watchmaker, 2nd 
February 1745. Discharged of his indentures on the 
7th February 1756 by the Incorporation, owing to the 
death of James Geddes." 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 115 

2nd November 1765. "Presented a bill for being 
admitted a freeman clock and watch maker, which was 
received, and he appointed to give in an essay, being a 
spring clock to be made and finished in his own shop, 
and to be presented between and Whitsunday next 
William Nicol, landlord, James Duff, Normand 
Macpherson, and William Richardson, essay masters. 
He made payment of Five pounds to the treasurer as 
the half of his upset." 

$rd May 1766. "Compeared and presented his 
essay as above." E. H. Records. 

" Lost on Saturday night, the 28th instant, betwixt 
Heriot's Hospital and Blackfriar's Wynd, a watch with 
a gold inside case and a pinchbeck gilt outside case, a 
steel chain, and gold seal key. If the same comes to 
hand acquaint William Downie, watchmaker, Lucken- 
booths, who will give a handsome reward." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 3Oth January 1775. 

" A rouping of Clocks and Watches and Watchmakers' 
tools. To be sold upon Wednesday the ipth of March 
1777, at the house of Mrs Downie, Gavenlock's Land, 
head of the Luckenbooths, Edinburgh, the whole stock 
in trade belonging to the deceased William Downie, 
clock and watch maker in Edinburgh, consisting of a 
variety of both new and second-hand clocks and watches, 
as also the whole working utensils consisting of all 
sorts of watchmakers' tools, such as clock and watch 
engines, vices, turn-benches, etc." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, I2th March 1777. 

In 1794 Mrs Downie issued an advertisement about 
a lottery of a musical clock made by her late husband, 
which is interesting. The description affords a good 
idea of the capabilities of William Downie as a 
craftsman. 

" Lottery of a musical eight-day clock, the property 
of Mrs Downie, widow of the late William Downie, 
clock and watch maker in Edinburgh, under whose 
immediate inspection the clock was made, and is one 
of the most complete pieces of mechanism of its kind 
ever produced. It has dead seconds from the centre, 
moon's age, and a tide table. It chimes nine tunes 



116 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

upon eighteen bells and is in the most perfect order, 
having only been set agoing within these few months, 
and was valued by Mr Downie himself at forty guineas, 
being the sum now fixed for it by issuing eighty tickets 
at half a guinea each. 

" N.B. The clock presently stands in the wareroom 
of William Lamb, upholsterer. The number of tickets 
being nearly subscribed for, the drawing will take place 
on Thursday, 22nd January 1795. It is hoped those 
who mean to adventure will apply early." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 2Oth December 1794. 

"VERY VALUABLE MUSICAL CLOCK. The adven- 
turers in the Lottery of a Musical Clock belonging to 
Mrs Downie are most respectfully acquainted the delay 
of the drawing has been occasioned by some tickets 
remaining still unsold after every exertion to get them 
disposed of, but it is now fixed to take place assuredly 
on Tuesday, I2th January current, in that elegant room 
in Canongate, known by the name of St John's Chapel, 
at 12 o'clock noon, when every person interested is 
invited to attend. The clock still remains in the ware- 
room of Mr William Lamb, Upholsterer, and it is hoped 
the few remaining tickets, price zos. 6d., will be sold in 
the interim ; at same time the holders of tickets must 
observe that any not returned before Tuesday will be 
held as sold." Ibid., 9th January 1796. 

<( Mrs Downie begs leave to return her very grateful 
thanks to those who were so good as adventure in the 
lottery of her valuable musical clock (every ticket 
having been sold) to acquaint them that the drawing 
took place agreeable to the former notice on Tuesday 
last, when number forty-five turned up the fortunate 
number entitled to the clock, the holder of which, upon 
presenting the ticket, will have it delivered, and it is 
presumed will not refuse paying the expense of this 
notice." Ibid., I4th January 1796. 

William Downie admitted a member of Lodge 
St David, Edinburgh, I5th December 1767. He, along 
with Samuel Brown, had the honour of his name being 
included in Gavin Wilson's " New Song of St David's," 
as follows : 

"There you'll hear brother Downie sing 

Igo and ago. 

Ye never heard a better thing, 
Irani coram dago." 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 117 

DRENEY, SAMUEL. Girvan, Ayrshire, 1850. 

DRESCHAR & ROBOLD (German). 2 New Street, 
Paisley, 1836. 

DRUMMOND, FRANCIS. Shilling Hill, Alloa, 1837. 

DRUMMOND, JOHN. Brechin, 1789. 

Maker of the new clock in the Town Hall there. 

DRUMMOND, JOHN. Rose Street, Edinburgh, 1794. 

DRYSDALE, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1742. 

Admitted a freeman clock and watch maker, Edin- 
burgh Hammermen, 7th August 1742. 

DRYSDALE, WALTER SCOTT. Greenside, Edinburgh, 
1812-29. 

Son of William Drysdale (q.v.), but no mention of 
his name is to be found in the Hammermerfs Records. 
The same year that his father adopted him as partner 
he retired from that concern, and having commenced 
business in Greenside Place in 1812, he advertises that 
" he has had long experience in London, and that no 
apprentice should be allowed to clean and repair 
watches, and that it will be a great pleasure to him to 
serve the public personally." In the year 1818 he had 
his premises entered by thieves ; the story and its sequel, 
as reported in the Edinburgh Advertiser, is as follows : 

" Between Saturday night and Sunday morning the 
shop of Mr Drysdale, watchmaker in Greenside Street, 
was broken into by cutting the window shutters with a 
centre bit. Upwards of twenty watches were stolen. 
Every exertion is making to discover the depredators." 

" The perpetratprs of the theft of watches from Mr 
Drysdale's shop in Greenside Place were discovered, 
and prove to be two individuals who were taken into 
custody the day after the shop was broke into, who denied 
all knowledge of the transaction. The superintendent of 
police has been indefatigable in his exertions on this 
occasion, and by travelling over a great part of 
Roxburghshire has accomplished a discovery of the 
stolen watches built up with stone and lime in the side 
of a kitchen grate." 



118 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

" Persons of the name of Stewart, who keep a public 
house in the Canongate, and who have been long 
notorious as resetters of stolen goods, are also in custody 
as being implicated in the above crime, and an investiga- 
tion before the Sheriff is now going on." 

" High Court of Justiciary Yesterday came on 
before the Court of Justiciary the trial of Catherine 
Stewart or Ferrier and Robert Stewart, both lately 
residing at the Russian Tap Room in the Canongate, 
Edinburgh, and Margaret Cowan, lately residing in 
said Russian Tap Room, and widow of the deceased 
Thomas Ferrier, tacksman, of Melville Muir Colliery, 
charged with twelve different acts of reset of theft, 
aggravated by their being persons habit and repute 
resetters of stolen goods. Margaret Cowan was out- 
lawed for not appearing, and the trial proceeded against 
Stewart and his wife, who were both found guilty to 
seven charges in the indictment. The Court, after an 
impressive address from the Lord Justice Clerk, 
sentenced the prisoners to transportation for life." 
Edinburgh Advertiser ', 3rd- 1 3th February and 9th 
June, 1818. 

Walter Scott Drysdale died at 4 Lothian Street, 
Edinburgh, 2;th September 1829. The following notice 
was issued by his widow : 

" Mrs W. S. Drysdale begs to return her kindest 
thanks for the patronage her lamented husband enjoyed 
for so many years, and takes the liberty to intimate that, 
having resolved upon relinquishing the business, she 
will, on Monday first, commence a sale of her valuable 
stock, consisting of clocks, watches, jewellery, etc., at such 
prices as will make it an object to the purchaser, more 
particularly as the whole must be cleared before 
Martinmas. All accounts or debts due by her late 
husband must be immediately lodged, and all accounts 
due him are requested to be settled without delay." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, loth October 1829. 

DRYSDALE, WILLIAM. Lothian Street, Edinburgh, 1786- 
1823. 

tfh November 1786. "Appeared and presented a 
petition craving to be admitted a freeman in Ports- 
burgh." 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 119 

February 1800. "The Deacon presented a 
letter from William Drysdale craving to be admitted 
a freeman, if found properly qualified, for which he was 
willing to pay 50 sterling. The request was granted, 
and an essay and essay masters appointed, the essay to 
be presented between and Lammas. He paid 25 as 
the first moiety of his entry money." 

2nd August 1800. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a clock movement begun and finished in his 
own shop in presence of David Murray, landlord, and 
James Howden, Robert Hinmers, and Ebenezer Annan, 
essay masters as they declared, etc. He paid 2$ as the 
second moiety of his entry money." E. H. Records. 

" W. Drysdale, Clock and Watch Maker, begs leave to 
acknowledge with peculiar sensations of gratitude the 
liberal patronage he has experienced from his friends 
and the public, and to acquaint them that he has 
removed from Bristo Street to a commodious shop, 
south end of the Potterrow, nearly opposite Crichton 
Street, where he makes, sells, and carefully repairs all 
sorts of Clocks and Watches, of which he has on hand an 
elegant assortment, also a large quantity of hardware 
with a variety of articles too tedious to mention. 

" N.B. Watch glasses put in at threepence each." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, i/th April 1794. 

" W. Drysdale begs leave to inform his customers 
and the public that he has moved from the Potterrow to 
14 North Bridge, where he carries on the watch and 
clock making business in all its branches. Has always 
on hand an elegant assortment of Watches and Clocks." 
Ibid., 2nd June 1800. 

" William Drysdale, sen., begs leave to acquaint his 
numerous customers and the public that in consequence 
of his son Walter having separated from him in 
December last, he has assumed his son William as a 
partner under the firm of Drysdale and Son. His son 
having been taught by and practised under some of the 
most eminent workmen in England, particularly in 
manufacturing lever watches and others of the first 
quality, and they have added considerably to their 
former stock, particularly lever watches, and can with 
confidence recommend them to the Public. Those who 



120 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

honour them with their watches to repair may depend 
upon the utmost attention being paid as they do them 
with their own hands." Ibid., 7th March 1812. 

" William Drysdale begs leave to announce that he 
retires in favour of his son Thomas, who is an excellent 
workman, having in addition to his father's instruction 
had for some time the benefit of working in the shop of 
one of the first watchmakers in London." Ibid., 2nd 
June 1823. 

These advertisements, affording as they do a glimpse 
of the business life of William Drysdale, yet do not 
show all sides of his career. That his fellow-citizens 
had some faith in his other capabilities is best shown 
by the following account of a public meeting held in 
Edinburgh on the 7th December 1816. This meeting 
was convened in order that steps should be taken 
to alleviate the suffering caused by the war which 
culminated in the victory of Waterloo, 1815. 

" Meeting of the inhabitants of Edinburgh held 
within the Parliament House, 7th December 1816. 

" That this meeting, deeply sensible of the pressure 
of the times and the exemplary manner in which it has 
been borne by those upon whom it has chiefly fallen, 
resolve that a subscription shall be immediately entered 
into for the purpose of affording relief of a number of 
artisans and labourers in this city and immediate 
vicinity, and now out of employment. That the 
following gentlemen be appointed a committee for 
superintending the application of the money subscribed, 
and that they shall be authorised to adopt such 
measures as shall appear to them most expedient for 
providing suitable employment for such persons belong- 
ing to the city and suburbs as are able to work, and for 
administering relief to those who, by sickness or 
infirmity, are unable to support themselves. A large 
committee appointed, among which are the names of 
Mr William Drysdale, watchmaker, and Mr James 
M'Gregor, watchmaker." 

William Drysdale died nth August 1823, aged 62 
years, his remains being interred in the Old Calton 
burying-ground, where a neat marble tablet on the 
north-east wall marks the spot. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 121 

"Alison Murray Drysdale, Portobello, Thomas 
Drysdale, watchmaker, Quebec, and William Drysdale, 
watchmaker, Philadelphia, were each of them served 
Heir of Provision General to their father, William 
Drysdale, watchmaker, Edinburgh, 28th September 
1835. Recorded 2nd October 1835." Services of Heirs. 

DRYSDALE, WILLIAM. Dunbar, 1791. 

In business at foot of West Bow, 1800; died 1839. 
See note on Charles Smeaton, Dunbar. 

DRYSDALE, WILLIAM. High Street, Falkland, Fife, 
1832. 

DUFF, DANIEL. 38 New Street, Paisley, 1836. 

DUFF, DAVID. Hyndford's Close, Edinburgh, 1806. 

DUFF, JAMES. Burntisland, 1812. 

DUFF, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1758-74. 

6th May 1758. "A petition was presented for James 
Duff, late apprentice to John Dalgleish, watchmaker in 
Edinburgh, and son of Alexander Duff, freeman of this 
incorporation, praying to have an essay and essay 
masters appointed, which being considered they granted 
the desire thereof." 

nth November 1758. " Compeared and presented 
his essay, being an eight-day clock made and finished 
in his own shop as John Dalgleish, his landlord, and 
Andrew Dickie, Robert Clidsdale, and Thomas Donald, 
his essay masters, declared, which was found a well 
wrought essay, etc., and they therefore admitted him 
a freeman clock and watch maker of this Incorporation." 
E. H. Records. 

"Stolen out of a gentleman's house in the Causey- 
side on Tuesday night last, a gold chessed watch 
jewelled, maker's name, Wm. Martin, London, with a 
lady's steel chain and two gold seals. Whoever will 
give information so as the same may be recovered shall 
receive a handsome reward by applying to James Duff, 
watchmaker in Edinburgh, and it is hoped that if the 
said watch is offered for sale the same may be stopped, 
for which a proper reward will be given by the said 
James Duff." Caledonian Mercury, 6th January 1765. 



122 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

DUNBAR, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1710. 

i6th December 1710. "Late servitor to Mr George 

Frazer, sub-principal of the old town college of Aberdeen ; 

booked apprentice to Andrew Brown, Edinburgh."- 

E. H. Records. 
DUNBAR, JAMES. High Street, Perth, 1820. 

DUNCAN, ALEXANDER. Elgin, 1785. See Elgin Town 
Clocks, page 137. 

DUNCAN, ANDREW. Edinburgh, 1727. 

27th April 1727. "Son to John Duncan, merchant, 
and late Dean of Guild ; booked apprentice to Alexander 
Brand." E. H. Records. 

DUNCAN, ANDREW. Aberdeen, 1824. 

" Andrew Duncan, clockmaker, Aberdeen, served 
Heir in General to his father, Andrew Duncan, square 
wright in Huntly, dated 2ist February 1824. Recorded 
26th February 1824." Services of Heirs. 

DUNCAN, D . St Catherine's Street, Cupar - Fife, 

1835-50. 

DUNCAN, GEORGE. 25 Bridge Street, Banff, 1827-46. 

DUNCAN, JAMES. Old Meldrum, 1785-95. 

Maker of the old town steeple clock at Stonehaven. 
DUNCAN, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1729. 

Booked apprentice to James Nicoll, Canongate, 1729. 
DUNCAN,- -. Dalbeattie, about 1840. 
DUNCAN, - . Glasgow, 1849. 

DUN, WILLIAM. John Street, Glasgow, 1779-1803. 

" William Dun, son of William Dun, watchmaker 
in Glasgow, served Heir of Provision General to his 
uncle, Archibald Napier, druggist, Edinburgh, dated 
27th May 1803. Recorded 1st June 1803." Services 
of Heirs. 

DUNDEE. Notices regarding Saint Mary's Clock, from 
1540 to 1664. 

It is evident that the tower of the church has not 
been originally intended to contain a clock, seeing that 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 123 

no suitable central position has been designed for dials, 
these until a recent time having been placed against 
windows on the east and west. When a clock was 
erected originally cannot now be determined, but it is 
certain that probably not long after it was built, which 
all accounts make out to have been about the end of 
the fourteenth century, a clock was placed within it 
which struck the hours for service. It had by the year 
1540 become so worn and untrustworthy that the 
Town Council entered into a contract with William 
Purves, burgess of Edinburgh, for the construction of 
another in its place. 

By this contract it was agreed that William should 
make "ane sufficient and substantious knok with all 
instruments of iron work necessary and pertaining 
thereto, justly ganging, to strike hour and half hour 
complete and justly, the twenty-four hours day and 
night, with three warnings to contain six score and nine 
straiks (strokes), the first at four hours in the morning, 
the next at twelve hours at noon, and the third at nine 
hours at even " (these were the times of matins, mass, 
and evensong), " upon the five bells of the steeple, for 
the sum of seven score and seventeen pounds, ten 
shillings ; the weight to be four score of stanes or 
thereby, and gif it happens the knok to weigh ten 
stone more or less, what she weighs mair to be payed to 
William, and what she weighs less to be defaulted 
to him." Thereafter he made the knok and set up the 
same in their steeple on Palm Sunday, 1543, weighing 
of wrought work through her proportions and "sub- 
stantiousness " one hundred and thirteen stones. 

For the extra weight he claimed payment at the 
contract rate ; this the Council refused to pay, but gave 
him a sum to account. After considerable delay, he in 
1546 raised an action against them before the Lords of 
Council and Session, concluding for the whole of his 
claim, and alleging that James Scrymgeour, constable, 
and Provost of Dundee, after the making of the contract, 
bade him make the knok gude and substantious, and 
whatever she weighed or drew above the contract he 



124 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

should be " weill payit." He alleged besides that, until 
the clock was complete and set up, he "gart their auld 
knok in the steeple strike hours for service, and keep 
gude rule." The Lords of Council having heard the 
parties, decreed that the Town Council pay William the 
sum of one hundred and ninety-seven pounds fifteen 
shillings, which was equal to a deduction of ten stones 
off the gross weight. 

This clock was destroyed by fire in 1553, and the 
next year means were taken for providing a clock and 
bell. "It is ordered by the Council and Deacons of 
Crafts that an tax of two hundred pounds be set and 
gathered for payment of the knok, and bringing hame 
of ane bell for the same." The clock, which was then 
made by David Kay, 1 probably an Edinburgh craftsman, 
did not have the elaborate and substantial character of 
the one constructed ten years before by William 
Purves. During its long term of service it often went 
wrong and needed much repair, yet its remains, which 
still stand in the corner of the tower, show that it is a 
good example of the honest hammermen work of the 
period. At first it had only one dial. Robert Gagy is 
"conducit " to paint the orloge of the steeple for thirty- 
twa pence ilk day for his wages, and the kirkmaster is 
instructed to provide five pounds to furnish gold and 
colours to the orloge, and to pay Robert daily wages. 

On nth September 1554, David Kay, knokmaker, 
had occasion to leave the town before it was completed, 
so he required the bailies that "he might have John 
Corntoun (the acolyte) licensed to keep the knok in his 
name and behalf for the space of forty days unto his 
return ; the whilk desire the bailies granted under 
protestation that what skaith or danger come unto the 
knok suld nocht lie nor be impute to the town's charge." 
When finished, it was entrusted to Sir James Kinloch, 
the parish clerk, and his brother William became surety 

1 This surmise we give as occurring in the account from which these 
notes are taken, but if the notices on the town clocks of Glasgow (see 
p. 160) are compared, the David Kay, Crail, mentioned there, is without 
doubt, the same clockmaker who made the above. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 125 

for him that " he shall do his exact diligence in keeping 
of the knok for his fee of five merks yearly. And that 
if any damage chances come unto the knok through 
his negligence, William shall refund the skaith to the 
town." 

After the death of Sir James in 1558 the kirkmaster 
granted him to have received the common knok in 
the steeple from William sufficient, and released him 
of the suretyship. But William's youngest son, having 
been put into the office of parish clerk which his uncle 
held, the father became bound to " uphald the knok 
ganging justly " and cause the bells to be rung at times 
convenient and used, until his son be able and qualified 
to serve in the office. And the treasurer was instructed 
to deliver to William yearly, to be given to the keeper 
of the knok, " ane stand of claiths." 

\2th June 1564. "The Council disponed five merks 
of the feu mail of Sanct Agatha's Chaplinne to John 
Broun, who had been one of the Gray Friars, so long 
as he in time coming serves 'the township in keeping 
of their knok. In 1573 a commission of the General 
Assembly made inquiry into how the duties and rents 
which had been recovered were being appropriated, and 
they found at this date that John Broun, quha wes ane 
of the Gray Friars, was receiving sixteen pounds 
yearly." 

1588. "Patrick Ramsay, smith and gunmaker, 
did thankful service by his good attention on the 
knok and steeple, and got his stipend enlarged in 1604 
to twenty pounds, and afterwards to forty, besides 
being exempt from the payment of all taxation except 
such as the crafts shall take. He did not escape the 
tongue of calumny, which turned out that Patrick had 
been very wrongously slandered." On 27th June 1609 
he wrote to the Council a characteristic letter, describing 
the state the knok was in, which was as follows : 

"Unto your worships humblie meanis your daylie 
servitour Patrick Ramsay, Smith. 

" That quhair it is not unknown to your worships 
that I, after returning to this town when it pleased 



126 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

God to withdraw his visiting hand 1 therefrom, at 
your worship's desire, was moved to undertake my auld 
service in attending upon the knok, at which times 
your worships promised to have an consideration of my 
great pains quhilk I was to sustain in the frequent visiting 
of the said knok and continued reparation of her, seeing 
now she is all broken and worn and decayed in all 
the pairts thereof. Upon expectation thereof I have 
continually attended with my sons and servants since, 
and thereby have been abstracted from my labour which 
I should sustain my wife and bairns. 

" Therefore, now, I have taken occasion to remember 
your worships humbly, that order may be taken how 
I may be payed for my bypast service, and in time 
coming, gif your worships will give me reasonable 
augmentation to my former fee, I will bind and oblige 
myself to sustain the said knok and preserve her from 
decay and mend and repair her upon my own expense 
during my life, quhilk will be no little profit to the 
commoun weill." 

This appeal was successful, and the Council on 
2nd January 1610 agreed that if Patrick presently took 
down and repaired the knok sufficiently they would 
give him forty pounds for mending it, and in con- 
sideration of the great labour and pains continually 
taken by him in the ordering thereof they promised 
to augment his stipend with twenty pounds, to be paid 
by the minister and elders of the kirk, making " in the 
haill the soume of three score pounds for which he 
and his eldest son shall be haldin to uphold her during 
his own and his son's lifetime hereafter." 

They on 6th October 1612 further agreed to give 
the son a stand of clothes yearly for his service, and 
as the old horologist himself continued to take great 
pains both day and night attending her, they augmented 
his fee with 10 merks. 

The sons of Patrick Ramsay appear to have 
inherited a practical knowledge of the mysteries of 

1 He refers to a serious visitation of the plague which passed over 
Dundee at this date. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 127 

clock work. John, like him a hammerman, was trained 
from his youth up to help at the mending of the 
steeple clock and followed him as its keeper. Silvester 
chose another field of labour, and was appointed to 
the place of Doctor in the Grammar School with very 
moderate emoluments. In 1609 another clock having 
been obtained, it was placed in the Tolbooth. It is 
not known who had charge of it at first, but subse- 
quently Silvester Ramsay attached himself to it, and by 
the attention which he bestowed upon its movements 
rendered the burgh much true and faithful service, 
and the Council finding him to be an experienced 
and qualified attendant, elected him on 8th August 
1637, during all the days of his lifetime, keeper of the 
said clock at a yearly salary of four score merks. 
Of Silvester there is no further notice, but his brother 
became old in the public service ; and in 1646 the 
Council, considering the weakness and inability of John 
Ramsay, clock-keeper, and his demission of that office, 
made choice of Andro Taileour, hammerman, to be 
keeper of both clocks, and ordered him the accustomed 
fees and duties. 

Under Andro Taileour's charge the old clock in 
the steeple soon became disordered, and on 2fst 
September 1648, "the council, having heard of the 
report of those who were desired to visit the knok in 
the steeple, how faulty she was, ordained James Alisone 
to take her down and help all defects in her, and at the 
perfecting of the work they promised to satisfy as they 
should his pains." 

30^ August 1664. "The council ordains Robert 
Stratone and Thomas Davidson to draw William Smith 
to the lowest price they can for mending the steeple 
knok, and quhen they shall close with him, ordains 
the treasurer to pay the same, quhich shall be allowed 
in his accompts." ALEXANDER MAXWELL'S History of 
Dundee. 

DUNFERMLINE Notices regarding the Common Clocks 
of the burgh of, from 1605 to 



128 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

1605. "To Johne and Harie Burrells for taking 
sundry the knok and putting it together again, and 
dichting the same, vijs." 

$th February 1698. "The said day the counsell 
agreed with Adam Stevinsoun (younger), smith, that 
he should not only daily row up and wait upon the 
knok, and also to mend and keep right all parts of her 
that shall become faulty, or make new wheels or other 
material, and to keep her going right, for which the 
council ordain their treasurer to pay him yearly the sum 
of twenty pounds (Scots), and siclike yearly hereafter, 
during his dressing, repairing, and keeping right said 
knok, and when he leaves, Adam to leave ye said knok 
in good condition and usual going." 

4/// December 1723. " The said day Adam Stevinsoun 
having acquainted the council that he had turned the 
clock in the steeple into a pendulum clock, and desired 
the council might appoint some persons to visit her and 
report if ye clock be bettered yair by." 

13/7^ October 1733. "The council considering that 
the time agreed with Robert Bonnar for keeping and 
taking care of the clock expired at Michaelmas last, 
they therefore called for Robert Bonnar, when he 
acquainted the council it was proper there should be 
made a crown wheel of brass for the clock in order to 
make her go well. Which being considered by the 
council, they agreed with him to make the same, and 
to pay him twelve pounds (Scots) thereof, and sett to 
him the keeping of the clock for six years to come at 
the old rent." 

i^th December 1743. "The council ordered the 
treasurer to pay to Robert Bonnar, wright, thirteen 
pounds ten shillings (Scots) for his attending and 
rectifying the toun clock yearly." 

26th June 1745. "Which day the bailies informed 
the council that Mr Andrew Dickie, watchmaker in 
Edinburgh, was come over to this place, as he was 
desired by the council, anent a new clock to the Kirk 
steeple of this burgh, and that after the bailies and 
some of the members of the council had gone up with 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 129 

Mr Dickie to the present clock in the steeple, which is 
reckoned quite useless and takes more expense to 
uphold the same than will go a good way to get a new 
clock. The bailies and these members heard Mr Dickie 
yairanent, and Mr Dickie offered to furnish a sufficient 
new clock to the said steeple, the two big wheels yairof 
to be fourteen inches in diameter and very nigh an 
inch thick, and these wheels and the other wheels to be 
of brass and the rest of the wheels to be in proportion 
to the two big wheels, to go for about thirty hours, and 
a minute hand within all, for Forty pounds Sterling. 
And that he declared he could do the thing cheaper, 
but could not attest a cheaper clock. 

" Which being considered by the council, they appoint, 
warrant, and empower the two bailies and Dean of Guild 
in name of the town to contract with Mr Dickie for a 
new clock to the steeple at the said Forty pounds 
Sterling of price, and if they think fit to agree with Mr 
Dickie for a minute hand outside although the town 
should pay a guinea more for the said minute hand or 
so. And whatever the bailies and the Dean of Guild 
shall so contract, the council engages to relieve them 
yairof. And they enjoin the said bailies and dean of 
guild to agree with Mr Dickie to make the said clock to 
have an hour hand to the west, and the north brod or 
plate to have an hour and minute hand together. And 
allow them to contract with Mr Dickie in the cheapest 
way for the west hand also, and the whole price not to 
exceed forty-three pounds (Sterling)." 

3U/ August 1745. " Which day the bailies laid before 
the council a letter from Mr Dickie of the 28th current 
relative to the clock, signifying that it will be a trouble- 
some job to pierce the hole in the west side of the steeple, 
and to put up the brod on the west side thereof, and 
wishing that the council would let it alone and he'll 
discount a guinea of the price. 

"Which being considered by the council, they 
unanimously resolve and agree that there shall be no 
hand or brod on the west side of the steeple, and 
appoints the bailies or anyone of them to write Mr 

I 



130 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKEUS 

Dickie to provide a sufficient dyall brod of good fir, and 
six feet in diameter, and to cause sufficiently paint the 
same with gold leaf of large figures for the hour hand, 
and the minute figures in proportion." 

2gth March 1746. " Which day the bailies acquainted 
the council that Mr Andrew Dickie, watchmaker, 
informed them that the new clock made by him to the 
town, in virtue of the contract betwixt the town and 
him, is now placed in the church steeple, and that he 
says it goes, and that he is demanding twenty pounds 
four shillings and sixpence Sterling as the half price of 
the clock already due, with three pounds eleven shillings 
sterling as the price of making and gilding the dyall 
plate thereof, with seven shillings sterling as the expense 
of carriage of the dyall plate from Edinburgh to the 
ferry paid out by him. Which being considered by the 
council they warrant and empower John Knox, treasurer, 
to pay Mr Dickie the several sums extending in whole to 
twenty-four pounds two shillings and sixpence Sterling, 
but order the contract to be kept, that so Mr Dickie may 
fulfil the obligations thereof presentable by him thereby. 
As also the council order said John Knox to give to 
Mr Dickie's servant a crown of drink money. 

" The same day the council agreed with Robert 
Meldrum, officer, to pay him half a crown for his due 
and regular and daily rolling up said clock for half of 
the year commencing this day, and for oiling the same 
during that space/' 

From a note affixed to Mr Dickie's letter of this date, 
it appears that there was a great number of people all 
round about gazing on the dial hands being fixed. 
When this was done and the hands set to the time, a 
loud and ringing hurrah arose from the multitude of 
lookers-on. 

i$tk March 1756. "Which day the council purchased 
from Alexander Richardson, late drummer, an old clock 
or movement at fifteen shillings Sterling, and delivered 
the same to William Inglis, present drummer, to use 
as long as he continues drummer, and to be answerable 
to the town therefor." 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 131 

CLOCK FOR THE NEW, TOWN HOUSE. \yh January 
1773. "Which day the Council agreed that the Dean 
of Guild and Convener and Bailie Ireland transmit 
copies of the several estimates given in for their new 
clock to some proper person of skill, a clockmaker in 
Edinburgh, or get an opinion which of the three 
estimates is most proper to be executed, for the interests 
of the town * also his opinion which of the makers of 
the estimates he judges properest for making said 
clock." 

^rd April 1773. "This day the Council appointed 
the Dean of Guild and Convener, Bailies Morrison, 
Hunt, and Deacon Abercromby and Wilson, with the 
Magistrates, as a committee, to commune with the 
clockmakers in town anent the clock for the new steeple, 
and to get an account of their cautioners. And in the 
meantime the council agree that the clock shall have 
four dial plates, and strike the quarters, and without 
minute hands, and to report." 

ijth April 1773. "Which day the council by a 
majority of votes made choice of James Symsone, Clock- 
maker, to make the town clock for the new steeple, in 
terms of his estimate and proposals formerly given in." 

i^th August 1773. "This day the council by a 
majority of votes agree that the clock for the new 
steeple shall have four dial plates, without minute hands, 
or striking the quarters." 

29/7* December 1773. "36 to be paid to account of 
new clock to James Symsone, Clockmaker, by John 
Horn, old treasurer." 

yh March 1774. "The council order John Horn, 
late treasurer, to pay James Symsone, clockmaker, five 
pounds (Sterling) more upon his receipt, to account of 
the town clock, and the said James Symsone immediately 
to complete the clock with yettlin paises and sufficient 
ropes, and to strike upon the present bell. On the 
same day Mr Symsone offered to the council to put a 
minute hand on the east dial of the clock if the council 
would pay him for the expense of the dial plate and 
hand." 



132 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

April 1775. "The new clock in the town house 
steeple appears to have been set in motion about the 
beginning of April 1775. The building of two additional 
stories to the town house began in July 1793, and was 
finished early in January 1795. There was also a new 
clock fitted up in the new clock turret, made by 
Matthew Parker (q.v.), in January 1795. The Town 
House was removed in 1876." Extracts from the Burgh 
Records of Dunfermline, given in Henderson's Annals of 
Dunfermline. 

DUNN, MALCOLM. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1764. 
DUNN, THOMAS. Western Lane, Berwick-on-Tweed, 1820. 
DURHAM, WILLIAM. High Street, Dunbar, 1820. 
DURHAM, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1809-50. 

Bound apprentice to James Howden, jun., I ith August 
1809; was in business at 10 Brunswick Street, 1850. 

DURHAM, WILLIAM. High Street, Thurso, 1837. 

DURWARD, JOSEPH. Edinburgh, 1775-1819. 

Admitted a freeman clockmaker, Canongate Hammer- 
men, 2oth October 1775, his essay being a balance 
wheel and pinion. 

" Stolen from a chest of drawers in the house of 
Peter M'Queen, Head of the Canongate, Edinburgh, on 
Tuesday the 28th of November, a silver watch, maker's 
name, Lament, London, No. 401. If any person or 
persons shall restore the same to Joseph Durward, 
watchmaker, Edinburgh, or give such information as it 
may be recovered, shall be handsomely rewarded. If 
said watch is offered for sale, it is requested she may be 
detained and notice given to Mr Durward." Caledonian 
Mercury, 1st December 1783. 

" Lost on the 3Oth November last betwixt the Head 
of Cowgate and the Tron Church, a silver watch, 
maker's name, R. Parker, London, No. 324. If offered 
for sale or otherwise it is entreated that the person be 
detected and information thereof sent to Mr Joseph 
Durward, Clock and Watch Maker, No. 4 Princes Street, 
Edinburgh. Whoever has found the same, by returning 
it to Mr Durward shall be handsomely rewarded." Ibid., 
3rd December 1785. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 133 

" GOLD WATCH LOST. There was lost on Tuesday 
night, the I3th current, betwixt the hours of 10 and 12 
o'clock in South Bridge Street, a gold watch, maker's 
name, Rerxoll, Liverpool. Whoever will return the 
said watch to Mr Joseph Durward, No. 1 1 Leith Street, 
will be handsomely rewarded. There was a piece of 
black silk ribbon and a brass key at it." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, ipth June 1817. 

"Joseph Durward announces with grateful acknow- 
ledgment the liberal encouragement with which he has 
been honoured for the last forty years, and begs leave 
now to intimate that he has now retired from business 
and most respectfully solicits the patronage of his 
numerous friends on behalf of Mr James Ritchie (q.v.), 
No. 29 Leith Street, whose professional abilities and 
attention to business will give every satisfaction to his 
employers." Ibid,^ 26th May 1819. 

EADIE, ANDREW. Perth, 1794. 

Apprenticed to Patrick Gardiner, Perth. 

EARNS, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1712. 

Son to the deceased James Earns, weaver in Anstruther ; 
booked apprentice to Captain Thomas Gordon, clock- 
maker, Edinburgh, 4th November 1712. 

EDINBURGH Notices regarding the Common Clock of 
the burgh of, from 1552 to 1861 " St Giles Kirk." 

tfh March 1552. "The quilk day the provost, 
bailies, and council think expedient and ordain the 
common bell to have a string coming therefrom to the 
nether end of a pillar in the kirk, and to be locked in 
an almonry, and that, to have six keys, one thereof 
to the provost, four to the bailies, and the sixth to the 
bell man, that the said bell may be rung at all times 
(quhen tyme occuris)." 

9//z November 1552. "The quilk day the provost, 
bailies, and council ordain that Patrik Guvane, keeper 
of the knok, have a key of the steeple door, to the effect 
that he may visit and keep the said knok and ring 
the common bell when he be chairgit thairto." 

1552." To the keeper of the knok for his fee, iij. lib. 

I55 2 - " For oil to the knok all year viijs. 



134 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

1554. "The expensis made upon the mending 
of the knok and half hour at the town's command. 

yd February 1554. "Given to a writer to write 
the indentures between Robert Creith and the comptr 

xviijd. 

" Item , 6th February 1554. Given to three men for 
downtaking of the knok furth of the steeple to the 
cart njs. 

"Item, for a close cart to carry down to Leith the 
great work of her iijs. iijd. 

"Item, to ane man to bare down her small work in a 
close creel to Leith viijd. 

" Item, for two fathom of a great cord to cause 
the great bell strike the hours quhen the knok is 
away viijd. 

"Item, given to Robert Creith or Creych, for up- 
putting of a little knok in the Tolbooth before the Lords 
quilk was borrowed from Master Johne Stevenson vs. 

" Item, given to Robert Creith quhilk he disbursit 
for a cut of a great tree to tow the pais cords of 
the knok of the hour and half hour ijs. 

"Item, 2$th February. Given to two men for down- 
taking of the half hour furth of the steeple and bearing 
of it to the cart vjs. 

" Item, for a close cart to carry all the works of the 
half hour to Leith iijs. 

"Item, to a man to bare down the vj hammers to 
Leith iiijd. 

"Item, iSt/i March. Given for upbring of the knok 
and half hour again from Leith in two close carts and to 
a man to bare up the small work again vjs. viijd. 

"Item, to two pynors (labourers) to bare up the haill 
work again to the steeple ijs. 

"Item, for xij fathom of a great cord to bare the 
pais of the half hour, ilk fathom vjd. suma vjs. 

"Item, given to Sampsoun the painter to lay the 
haill knok and half hour all over with red lead to keep 
them from rusting xlvs. 

"Item, for two daillis to be a door and flooring 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCK MAKERS 135 

to that part of the steeple where the knok stands 
to save it from wet and wind vjs. viijd. 

" Item, for saving of two daillis xxd. 

" Item, for nails viijd. 

"Item, to a wright for making of the door and 
mending of the flooring ijs. viijd. 

"Item, for two crooks, two bands, a lock and key 
to the said door to Johne Banx iiijs. 

" Item, 2$th March 1555. Paid to Robert Creith 
for his haill labours of the knok and half hour 

xxxiij lib. 

" The haill sum of the expensis made on the knok 
and half hour is xxxix lib. vs. vjd." 

Sth May 1560. "The provost, bailies, and council 
understand that the kirk might be served with three 
bells, one rung to the prayers, another for serving 
the knok, and the third to be the common bell." 

27 'th November 1566. "The provost, bailies, and 
council ordain Mr John Preston, dean of guild, to cause 
mend the prik of the sun orlege on the south side of 
the kirk in the kirkyard, and draw the letters thairof 
of new." 

2^th April 1567. "The dean of guild ordained to 
Cause paint the letters of the orlage." 

"Three persons appointed to talk with the man 
that has the orlage to sell, desired to be set up at 
the Nether Bow, drif it to ane price, and report to the 
council." 

\gth April 1570. " It is appointed and agreed betwixt 
the bailies, dean of guild, and council on the one part, 
and Robert Creych, knokmaker, on the other pairt, viz., 
the said Robert binds and obliges him to mend and 
uphold the town knok, they furnishing iron (allanerlie), 
for the quilk case they ordain the treasurer present 
and to come to pay him yearly during his lifetime 
xls." 

igth March 1584. "Finds expedient that at the 
taking doun of the old knok in the steeple and placing 
a new knok in the room thereof, and that the said 
old knok be taken and set up in the bell house at the 



136 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

High School until a more commodious place be prepared 
for the same." 

2ist April 1585. "Ordained the dean of guild to 
pay 55 as the price of the knok of Lindores, and the 
said dean of guild to intromett with the said knok and 
be comptabill for the same." 

2$rd April 1585. "Condescends and agrees that 

Smith, smyth in Blantyre (?), for repairing of the 

knok of Lindores bought by the town, setting up thereof, 
and dressing of the same, to have two hands, to be set 
in the high steeple, and doing all things necessary 
pertaining to his occupation, at the sight and desire 
of the dean of guild, Johne Watt, or ony of the council 
quhome they please to take with them, to have three 
score pounds money, or else be made burgess and free 
with his craft, and therewith to have forty merks 
money, the said two conditions being in his option." 

2yd Jime 1585. "The bailies, dean of guild, 
treasurer, and a part of the council being convened, 
understanding that the new knok is made ready and 
prepared, therefore finds it most expedient that the 
same be set up, and the great bell whereupon it strikes 
to be raised higher, by the advice of Andro Sclater, 
William Littill, George Smith, and Henry Blyth." 

The foregoing extracts are taken from the volumes 
published under the auspices of the Burgh Record 
Society, and as none have been published dealing with 
Edinburgh later than 1882, Index 1892, unfortunately 
it has not been found possible to continue the subject 
later, as a personal search into the City of Edinburgh's 
MS. Records would entail the labours of a lifetime. 
We can only give a copy of the inscription engraved 
on a brass plate fixed near the clock in the tower of 
St Giles, which is as follows : 

" L. BRADLEY/ Londini, Fecit. MDCCXXI. 

" Repaired and minute hand put to by Thomas Reid, 
1797 Thomas Elder, Lord Provost. 

1 See Alexander Brownlie, Edinburgh, page 67. 




[To face page 136. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 137 

" Changed from 30 hours to an 8-day by Ritchie & 
Son, 25 Leith Street, 1861. 

" New one altogether by James Ritchie & Son, 
Edinburgh, 1912." 

EDWARDS, JOHN. Alloa, 1820. 

EDWARDS, JOHN. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1725. 

Booked apprentice to George Scott, Canongate, 1725. 

ELDRICK, HAY. I Palace Road, Kirkwall, 1823 ; died 1832. 

ELDRICK, JAMES. Son of above. Broad Street, Kirk- 
wall, 1836. 

ELGIN Notices regarding the Common Clocks of the burgh 
of, from 1651 to 1785. 

2Oth January 1651. "Murray, Bellman Anent 
Alexander Murray, bellman, his petition alleging he had 
20 lib. more than was due by him for the customs the 
year preceding, and therefore desired allocation in the 
year succeeding. The council suspends their answer 
to the bill, until they see an amendment in the petitioner 
anent the ruling of the clock and ringing of the four 
hours and eight hours bell at morning and nights, 
and giff he fail in doing duty therein, he is to have 
neither payment or allocation, and himself be wairded 
(imprisoned)." 

Jth November 1681. "The council has appointed 
that the twenty pounds (Scots) paid formerly to the 
bedler (beadle) for attending the knok, and ringing the 
great bell at four o'clock in the morning and at eight 
o'clock at night, and setting up the candle in the church, 
and other service done by the bedler and servant about 
the church, wherein the magistrates and council are 
concerned, shall no more be paid to any succeeding 
bedler, who only has the benefit of the little bell for 
doing thereof, who cannot exhort any inhabitant for the 
same, which, if he do, the magistrates and council are 
determined thereanent." 

6th September 1703. "The council constitutes and 
appoints James Russell, merchant in Elgin, to be their 
bellman, and the said James Russell obliges him that he 
shall keep the toun's clock so right in her going as that 



138 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

she shall not go half an hour backward or forward in 
twenty-four hours' time, as also he obliges himself to 
ring the eight hours bell at night and four hours bell in 
the morning punctually, and if he fail in either to lose 
his said office and be at the council's will, as also he 
dispenses with all the oil and tallow which the town was 
formerly in use, to pay quarterly for upholding and 
keeping right the clock and bells, which he shall now 
do so on his own charges ; and also he dispenses with 
and shall crave no yearly salary from the town, in 
consideration of which he shall have the sole right to 
the dues of the little bell with the casualties of the 
great bell, besides what is payable to the treasurer, and 
the council appoints the treasurer to give to the said 
James Russell two dollars for bussing the clock." 

21 st January 1706. " The council does hereby ordain 
that the great bell be rung every night at eight o'clock 
exactly, and the drum to begin and beat at nine o'clock 
every night precisely, and the clock to be wind up at 
twelve o'clock each day." 

i^tli December 1706. "The council appoints the 
treasurer to take such methods as may be efficient to 
preserve the town's clock from being spoiled by the 
injury of the weather, and blowing from the north and 
south open places of the steeple." 

I7//2 August 1713. "The town's big bell, which is 
in the church steeple, which was first founded in 1593, 
and having been in this year 1713 rendered useless by 
a rent therein, was taken down by order of the Town 
Council, and upon the I3th August current was 
refounded within this burgh by Albert Gelly, founder 
in Aberdeen. The expense thereof was done upon the 
town's common good, and upon the I7th August the 
said bell was hung up and rung. The weight thereof 
consists of 638 pounds, and the whole price of the said 
bell extends to 325 pounds (Scots), including the price 
of what metal was furnished by the said founder." 

i^th June 1720. "Agreement with James Brown, 
clockmaker at Aberdeen, to make and build an sufficient 
and weel goeing clock in the steeple of the Tolbooth, 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 139 

with two dial plates, and that for iS sterling, to be 
paid out of the vacant stipends for 1716, and, if necessary, 
the common good." 

igth February 1722. "27 sterling to be paid to 
James Brown, clockmaker, for the Tolbooth clock, it being 
well going and an eight day clock." 

\2th June 1724. "The provost delivered to the 
treasurer an pass key that opens three doors in the 
Tolbooth, which was formerly made for the convenience 
of Mr Brown, clockmaker, when he was building the 
Tolbooth clock." 

-2nd July 1733. "The council to treat with James 
Brown, watchmaker, to keep the Tolbooth and kirk clocks, 
which are not exactly keeped by James Watson, beddall." 

" Wanted at Elgin a skilful clock and watch maker, 
who might reasonably expect proper encouragement, as 
there is none of that business here nor betwixt Inverness 
and Banff, being 50 miles distant. The Magistrates of 
Elgin would give a small salary for keeping the town's 
clocks in good order. Any well qualified clock and 
watch maker who inclines to come here and carry on 
business may signify the same by letter directed to 
Mr Patrick Duff, Town Clerk of Elgin." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 1 7th June 1756. 

I3//2 March 1769. "Alexander Gray appointed 
clock-keeper for seven years at a salary of 2 sterling 
yearly, with ropes and a pint of oil yearly, and, as the 
clocks are much in want of repair, he agrees to mend 
them and to keep in repair for seven years for 
3 sterling." 

2\st November 1785. "Alexander Duncan is 
appointed keeper of the clocks for five years at a yearly 
salary of 3, ios., to keep the same in repair, except 
timber work and ropes ; also, he is to furnish for the 
High Church a timepiece, on payment of 2, ios. sterling, 
and admission as a freeman burgess of this Burgh." 

ELLEIS, DAVID. Aberdeen, 1560. See page 3. 
ESSEX, JOSEPH. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1711. 

Admitted a freeman clockmaker, Canongate Hammer- 
men, nth April 1711, his essay being a pendulum clock. 



140 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

This maker's name is the first clockmaker to be met 
with in the earliest volume that is now extant of the 
records of the Canongate Hammermen, the previous 
volumes having disappeared. 

EUNSON, JAMES. Stromness, Orkney, 1836. 

FAIRBAIRN, ANDREW. Edinburgh, 1807-34. 19 Chapel 
Street, 1807; 4 West Nicolson Street, 1825. 

"ADVANTAGEOUS OPENING TO CLOCK AND WATCH 

MAKERS. The house and shop, No. 4 West Nicolson 
Street, to let, with the goodwill of the business carried 
on by the late Andrew Fairbairn. The business has 
been in full and profitable operation for nearly thirty 
years ; the situation is good, and such an opening to an 
industrious person with a small capital seldom occurs. 
The stock, consisting of clock and watch maker's tools, 
etc., is small and may be had at a valuation. Mr Fair- 
bairn enjoyed the fullest confidence of all his employers, 
and it requires little more than diligence and application 
to business to render this a good and profitable concern. 
The terms of rent and goodwill of the business are 
moderate terms. Apply as above ; if from the country, 
post paid." Scotsman^ I3th November 1834. 

" Helen Fairbairn in Edinburgh, served Heir in 
General to her father, Andrew Fairbairn, clockmaker 
there, dated 25th May 1835. Recorded 1st June 1835."- 
Services of Pleirs. 

FAIRGREIVE, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1783-94. 

Bound apprentice to David Murray, I9th July 1783. 
Discharged of his indentures, 23rd June 1791. In 
business, 18 North Bridge, 1794. 
FAIRHOLM, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1739. 

^rd October 1739. "Son of Thomas Fairholm of 
Piltoun ; booked to Thomas Gordon." 

tyh February 1743. "The house appoints Robert 
Fairholm apprentice to Thomas Gordon, watchmaker, 
now deceast, to be transferred to Patrick Gordon, watch- 
maker, for the time yet to run in the indentures. The 
said Patrick Gordon first paying the absents 1 due 

1 This means the times absent from the stated meetings of the 
Hammermen's Incorporation, and shows the punctilious manner they 
conducted their business as these two men were not only wealthy but 
citizens of some renown, and were quite good for the money. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 141 

by the said Thomas and himself, amounting to eleven 
shillings and sixpence Sterling." 

I2tk March 1743. "Patrick Gordon, watchmaker, 
in terms of the minute of last sederunt, paid eleven 
shillings and sixpence Sterling in full of the absents 
due by his deceast brother and himself." E. H. Records. 

FAIRN, JAMES. Clock Case Maker, Bristo Port, Edinburgh, 
1800. 

FAIRWEATHER, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1749. 

Though not a clockmaker, was closely allied to the 
craft as his advertisement shows. 

"To THE CURIOUS. John Fairweather, Lapidary, 
at Clockmill, in the corner of St Ann's Yards, cuts all 
kinds of Scots Pebbles after the best manner into all 
shapes at the lowest prices, and has, with his new 
invented machinery, lately made several pebble watch 
cases to the satisfaction of the most curious, and at so 
low a price as one guinea and a half the piece. He 
being the only Scotsman hitherto that has made any, 
notwithstanding there are other pretenders." Caledonian 
Mercury ', 7th September 1749. 

FALCONER, WILLIAM. Laurencekirk, 1784. 

"Clock and Watch Maker and Watch Material 
Manufacturer, returns his most grateful thanks to the 
noblemen, gentlemen, and watchmakers who have 
honoured him with their subscriptions, and also to 
those who have promised to do it, and in particular to 
the watchmakers of Edinburgh and Montrose for the 
encomiums they have wrote in the subscription paper on 
the undertaking, which undertaking is to establish on an 
extensive plan all the necessary branches of watchmaking 
in Scotland, as he makes the materials which used 
formerly to come from England, and he wishes the 
subscription papers filled up as soon as possible, for 
which reason he has lodged printed addresses to the 
public with the following gentlemen : 

Mr Macpherson, watchmaker, Edinburgh 
Downie, goldsmith, 

Hamilton, watchmaker, Glasgow 
James Milne, Montrose 

Argo, Peterhead 

Low, Arbroath 



142 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Mr Young, watchmaker, Perth 
Carmichael, Greenock 
Brownlie, Hamilton 

Mill, St Ninians 

Turnbull Dunfermline 

Silver watches to be offered as low as two pounds 
after the period of three years. He begs subscribers 
will not delay in honouring him with subscriptions to 
enable him to execute a business as necessary and 
beneficial to the country. 

" One half of the subscription money is to lie in a 
banker's hand so that, in case of his failure, subscribers 
cannot lose half their money. He hopes the public will 
see the propriety of supporting his undertaking, as the 
manufacture of watches and all their materials in 
Scotland could not fail of saving and bringing much 
money to the country and giving bread to industrious 
mechanics ready to execute this undertaking." Cale- 
donian Mercury, 4th August 1784. 

FARQUHAR, ANDREW. Marischal Street, Peterhead, 

1837- 

FARQUHAR, ANDREW. Edinburgh, 1768. 

"On Wednesday the 6th April next, at eleven o'clock 
forenoon, in the auction room entering by the stair 
leading to High Coffee House, south side of the Cross, 
Edinburgh, there to be rouped and sold, a large parcel 
of good silver watches to be set up to sale in half dozens 
and sold to the highest bidder, and as they are 
sequestrate goods, once Andrew Farquhar's now the 
property of creditors, and certain to be sold, it is not 
doubted great pennyworths will be got. Good bills will 
be taken at six months, at the usual rate of interest 
above the purchase money, for the encouragement of 
merchants and country dealers. There is a variety of 
other goods to be sold at the same place." Caledonian 
Mercury, 2ist March 1768. 

FARQUHARSON, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1749-68. 

Son of Charles Farquharson, writer in Edinburgh ; 
booked apprentice to John Dalgleish, watchmaker. 

2nd July 1749. "Presented a bill on 4th February 
1764 craving to be admitted clock and watch maker, 
which was received, and an essay and essay masters were 
appointed to him." 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 143 

2%tk July 1764. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a watch movement in his own shop, as 
Robert Clidsdale, George Begbie, senior, and James 
Cowan, his essay masters, declared, which was found a 
well wrought essay, etc." E. H. Records. 
FARQUHARSON, CHARLES. Canongate, Edinburgh, 
1722. 

Bound apprentice to Alexander Brand, 1722. 
FARQUHARSON, CHARLES. Dundee, 1733-42. 

FARQUHARSON, LAUCHLIN. Perth, 1743. 

Booked apprentice to David Thomson, Perth, 3<Dth 

November 1743. 
FARQUHARSON, ROBERT. 15 High Street, Dundee, 

1847. 
FAULDS, ALLAN. Kilmarnock, about 1830. 

FAULDS, JAMES. Kilmarnock; died 1796. 

FAY, JAMES and JOHN. 5 Stock well Place, Glasgow, 1837. 

FEAD, JAMES. 5 York Place, Edinburgh, 1843. 

FENWICK, PETER, jun. Crieff, 1837. 

FEN WICK, FATHER and SON. Crieff, 1800-76. 

FEREN, . Reform Street, Dundee, 1843. 

FEREN-& Co. 27 Irish Street, Dumfries, 1837. 

FERENBACH, D. and C. 10 Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, 

1850. 
FERGUSON, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1754-72. 

" Discharged of his indentures by Deacon James 
Cowan on I7th June 1761." 

This individual was probably the first apprentice 
that James Cowan trained. 

loth July 1771. "Presented a bill craving to be 
admitted a freeman clock and watch maker." 

2%th January 1772. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, being an eight-day clock, begun, made, and 
finished in presence of James Cowan, landlord, and 
James Duff, Normand Macpherson, and George Begbie, 
essay masters as they declared, which was found a well 
wrought essay, etc." E. H. Records. 



144 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

FERGUSON, ALEXANDER. Dundee, 1777. 
FERGUSON, ALEXANDER. Cupar-Fife, 1780. 

FERGUSON, ARCHIBALD. 18 Houstoun Square, John- 
stone, 1836. 

FERGUSON, GEORGE. Perth, 1791. 

Apprenticed to James Greig, Perth, 1791. 

FERGUSON, JAMES. Banffshire, 1710; died in London, 
1776. 

" Astronomer and Mechanician. Was born at the 
Core of Mayer, near Rothiemay in Banffshire, on 25th 
April 1710. His father was a day labourer. In 1720 
put to service, and in 1732 made a wooden clock and a 
watch with wooden wheels and a whalebone spring. 
In 1734 he came to Edinburgh to be trained as an 
artist, and he became a portrait painter, which he 
followed for twenty-six years. He afterwards went to 
London, and was buried in Marylebone Churchyard, 
1776." Dictionary of National Biography. 

The reader is respectfully invited to consult the 
above volume, from which this short extract is taken, 
for more full and interesting details of this celebrated 
man, who, as an inventor of curious and useful clock 
movements, was never excelled. The following adver- 
tisement relating to his residence in Edinburgh will be 
found interesting, and shows the capabilities of the 
man : 

"There is an astronomical machine invented by 
James Ferguson, Limner in China Ink. This instrument 
is 1 8 inches long and 12 inches broad. It has four 
different pieces or wheels, by turning of which, according 
to direction, the true time and figure of all the eclipses 
are seen from 1732 to 1800 inclusive. Those of the 
sun as they will appear at Edinburgh, London, and 
Paris. It shows also during the above number of years 
the Sun's place and Moon's place in the Ecliptik, with 
their distance from one another, and from the Moon's 
nodes, every day of the year, with the temporary 
difference of most remarkable places of the earth from 
Edinburgh. It hath several tables besides, calculated 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 145 

for the above time, which shows by inspection the day 
of the month, Moon's age, Sun's rising and setting at 
Edinburgh, equation of time, and movable feasts, also 
the Magnitudes, Periodical Revolutions, Solar distances, 
Hourly velocities, etc., of the planets, and directions 
for finding the Moon's southing, and High Water in 
Moray Firth, and at the Ports of Aberdeen, Rochester, 
Dundee, Maiden, Lisbon, Leith, and London for ever. 

" This instrument is to be engraven on Royal paper, 
and the plate sold at a crown to any who are willing to 
subscribe for its publication, and they are requested to 
give in their names at the shops of Bailie Hamilton and 
Mr Symmer, Bookseller in Edinburgh, against the 1st 
of April 1742, and also from the author, James 
Ferguson, at his lodging in Nicol Somervail, painter, in 
the Flesh Market Close. 

"If there be not a number sufficient to defray the 
expense of engraving the publication must be dropped." 
Caledonian Mercury^ 26th January 1742. 

See also notes on Samuel Brown, Edinburgh, page 65. 

FERGUSON, MONTGOMERY. Mauchline, Ayrshire, 1837-50. 
FERGUSON, WILLIAM STEPHEN. High Street, Elgin, 

1837- 

FERRIER, JOHN. King Street, Tain, 1836. 
FIFE, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1780. 

Bound apprentice to Thomas Morgan. 

FINLAY, ANDREW. Gatehouse-of-Fleet, 1836. 
FINLAY, JOHN & Co. 104 Trongate, Glasgow, 1837. 

FINDLAY, JOHN. New Marflet Gallery, Aberdeen, 
1836-46. 

FLEMING, JOHN. Lyon's Lane, Port Glasgow, 1836. 

FLETCHER, ROBERT GRAHAM. Edinburgh, 1825-51. 

75 Princes Street, 1825; 24 George Street, 1836; 
31 Frederick Street, 1846; died 1851. 

See also note on Whitelaw and Fletcher. 

FLETCHER & HUNTER. 31 Frederick Street, Edin- 
burgh, 1850. 

K 



146 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

FLIGHT, ALEXANDER. Cupar-Fife, 1820-35. 

FLIGHT, BLAIR. Kinross, 1775-99. 

" WATCHES STOLEN. On the night between Sunday 
the 5th and Monday the 6th March, curt, the shop of 
Blair Flight, Clock and Watch Maker in Kinross, was 
broken into and eleven silver watches, the silver cases 
of a watch, and some old silver carried off. The makers 
and numbers of eight of these watches are as follows, 
viz.: J. Wallfo, London, No. 3346; Jas. Willis, Bright- 
hampton, No. 801 ; Jhn. Laudern, without a number; 
Jo. Bond, London, No. 3210; C. Gratton, London, 
without a number (this watch had a copper case) ; Allan, 
London, No. 3519; C. Clay, London, No. 14860; 
Coburn, London, without a number. 

" There is the greatest reason to suspect that the 
theft was committed by one John Fisher, a tinker or 
hawker. He was seen in Alloa on the 6th, where he 
was offering watches and old silver to sale, and left 
that place on the afternoon of that day, taking the road 
to Stirling, but he immediately returned to Alloa Glass 
House, inquiring if any person there had found a watch 
which he said he had lost ; but getting no notice of it, 
he again set out the same road, and the watch was 
afterwards found by a country lad, and turns out to be 
the one marked C. Clay, No. 14860. Fisher was born 
in Alloa, where he resided till about six years ago, and 
since that time his residence is supposed to have been 
somewhere about Falkirk. His business of late was 
going through the country selling white iron tankards, 
brass candlesticks, and buying old metal. He is 
about 25 or 30 years of age, middle-sized, of a slender 
make, brownish complexion, has dark brown hair, and 
there is the mark of a cut on the left side of his upper 
lip. He had on when he left Alloa a blue duffle great- 
coat with pocket lids on the outside, and wore a small 
round hat. Whoever apprehends him, or gives notice 
of him so as he may be brought to justice, shall receive 
a reward of Two Guineas from the above Blair Flight, 
to be paid upon his being secured. And it is entreated 
that all watchmakers or others will stop any of the 
watches above mentioned if offered to sale." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 2ist March 1775. 

FLOCKHART, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1797. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 147 

FOOT, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1 755-98- 

^rd May 1755. "Son of James Foot, workman in 
the Weigh House of Edinburgh ; booked apprentice to 
Archibald Straiton, clock and watch maker." 

yd February 1759. "Archibald Straiton did, with 
the consent of the Incorporation, transfer Robert Foot, his 
apprentice, to James Cowan, clock and watch maker, for 
the years yet to run of his indentures, and Robert Foot, 
cautioner, thereby became bound that he should serve 
Mr Cowan a year further after the expiry of the 
indentures." 

2Otk June 1762. "Discharged of his indentures by 
James Cowan." 

\2tk May 1798. "Compeared and presented his 

essay, being a plain eight-day clock, begun, made, and 

finished in the shop of James Howden, in presence of 

the said James Howden, landlord, and Robert Green, 

David Murray and Robert Cairnton, essay masters, as 

they declared, which was found a well wrought essay, 

etc., and they therefore admitted him as a freeman clock 

and watch maker in this Incorporation." E. H. Records. 

FORBES, DANIEL. 32 Shore, Leith, 1850. 

FORBES, FRANCIS. Edinburgh, 1741. 

" One Francis Forbes, Watch Chain Maker and 
gilder in water gold, lately come from London, lives at 
present at the fourth storey up the first forestair within 
the Netherbow Port, and as there has never been any 
one before in this place that professed or could rightly 
perform these branches of trade, he desires to inform 
all persons of quality and others that he makes all sorts 
of gold or silver chains for watches, and twezers and 
neck chains, waistcoat chains, Sissor chains, etc. That 
he mends old ones very neatly and cleans gold chains, 
watch cases, and any gilded plate or other work where 
the gilding is worn off. He regilds at an easy rate 
and makes them look as well as at the first." Caledonian 
Mercury, 22nd January 1741. 
FORBES, WILLIAM. Kintore, 1837. 
FORD, WILLIAM. Sheriff Brae, Leith, 1813-30. 

Son of Thomas Ford, Custom House, Leith ; booked 
apprentice to John Paterson, Leith, 1813. 



148 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

FOREMAN, WILLIAM, Watchmaker, died at St Petersburg, 
1830. 

FORREST, DANIEL. Opposite Tron Church, Edinburgh, 
1820-38. 

$th May 1823. " Compeared and presented a 
petition for admission by purchase, which was received." 

2nd February 1824. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a clock timepiece, James Gray, landlord, 
John Calder, and J. Bain, essay masters. He paid fifty 
pounds, and was therefore admitted a freeman clock 
and watch maker of this Incorporation." E. H. Records. 

FORREST, DAVID. Edinburgh, 1823. 
FORREST, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1763. 

2.1 st July 1763. "Son of James Forrest, postmaster, 

of Douglas ; booked apprentice to Robert Clidsdale, 

watchmaker." E. H. Records. 

FORREST, SIMON. Kirkfieldbank, Lanark, 1800-37. 

FORREST, WILLIAM. 49 New Buildings, North Bridge, 
Edinburgh, 1825-35. 

" William Forrest & Co. having dissolved copartnery, 
the business will now be carried on as hitherto in the 
various departments peculiar to this establishment by 
John Mackay (q.v.), late partner of the above firm, in 
connection with Robert Chisholm who has had many 
years' experience in a like manner." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 4th April 1835. 

FORRESTER, PETER, & Co. Edinburgh, 1783-96. 

" Lost a new gold engraved watch, maker's name, 
Peter Forrester & Co., Edinburgh, No. 755. Any person 
who may have found it and will return it to the said 
Peter Forrester & Co. will receive Three Guineas reward. 
And it is requested that any watchmaker or others to 
whom it may be offered for sale will immediately give 
information as above." Edinburgh Evening Courant^ 
30th April 1783. 

"CLOCKS AND WATCHES. Peter Forrester & Co., 
having formed a connection with Mr Andrew Maclean 
(q.v.), who has been regularly bred to the business of 
watch and clock making, and on whose abilities and 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 149 

attention the public can depend, are by this means 
enabled to warrant and keep in order all clocks and 
watches made or sold by this company." Ibid., 27th 
February 1792. 

This business came to an end in the year 1796, and, 
as the advertisement which follows explains, failed to 
find a purchaser for the whole as a going concern. The 
then usual practice of a lottery was proposed and carried 
out. The details of the prizes as regards values, etc., 
are so minute, that we are induced to give them in full 
for the purpose of comparison with the prices realised 
nowadays for such articles when they come into the 
auction market. 

" LOTTERY OF GOLD, SILVER, AND GILT WATCHES, 
SILVER PLATE, ETC. "The public are respectfully 
informed that as no person has come forward to purchase 
the stock of goods formerly belonging to Peter Forrester 
& Co. of Edinburgh, they will now be disposed of by 
way of Lottery. As a very great part of that stock has 
been purchased within these last eighteen months, most 
of the goods are fashionable. This manner of disposal 
not being meant as a branch of business but as the 
only practicable method of winding up the affairs, and 
circumstances not permitting that business to be any 
longer continued than 25th May next, the terms are 
extremely advantageous to the Public. 

" Tickets being at the very low price of 73. each, and 
not two blanks to a prize, the drawing will commence 
on Monday the 23rd May next. As every circumstance 
will be conducted the same as in State Lotteries, the 
strictest honour may be depended on and the time of 
drawing will be duly adhered to : 

? of Value of 

Prizes. 

I An elegant enamelled gold watch set round with s. D 
pearls, with lady's gold enamelled chain, plain 
gold seal, and key . . . . 52 10 o 

i An elegant engraved gold watch with gold 

chain, gold seal, and key . . . 31 10 o 

3 Three elegant enamelled gold watches at 26, 55. 

each . ... 78 15 o 



2 Two plain gold watches at 16, i6s. each. 

3 Three second-hand gold watches at ^n, us 

each . . . . . 

i One gilt enamelled watch with gold medallion 



33 J2 o 

34 13 o 
1212 o 



150 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

No. of Value of 

Prizes. Prizes. 

10 Ten elegant engraved gilt watches with ladies' 

chains at $, 55. each . . . . 52 10 o 

4 Four gilt enamelled watches with ladies' chains 

at 7, 7s. . . . . . . 29 8 o 

10 Ten plain gilt watches with gentlemen's chains at 

4, MS. 6d. each . . . . . 47 5 o 

10 Ten plain silver watches with gentlemen's chains 

at 4, 145. 6d. each . . . 47 5 o 

10 Ten silver and gilt watches with gentlemen's 

chains at ^3, 135. 6d. each . . 36 15 o 

i One set of silver plate, viz., Tea Pot, Flat Sugar 

Basin, and Milk Pail . . . 24 o o 

i silver porter cup, large size, with handles richly 

engraved . . . . . . 13 13 o 

i One dozen silver tablespoons, i tureen ladle, 

and 2 sauce spoons . . . 15 15 o 

1 One dozen cut silver tablespoons . . .860 

2 Two handsome table clocks at , 10, IDS. each . 21 o o 
2 Two eight-day clocks with mahogany cases at 

7, 75. each . . . . 14 14 o 

i One plated Epergne, nine basins . . . 10 10 o 

1 One plated Epergne, five basins . . .880 

2 Two plated tea vases at 7, 7s. . . . 14 14 o 
4 Four plated sauce tureens at 6, i6s. 6d. each . 27 6 o 

1 One fine gold diamond ring . . 7 10 o 

2 Two fine gold diamond rings at $, 155. 6d. each 11 11 o 

6 Six fine gold diamond rings at $, 55. each . 31 10 o 

7 Consisting of Gold Faux Montres and snuffboxes 

with gold mounting at 4, 45. each . 29 8 o 

6 Six plated candlesticks branches at 2, i8s. each 1780 
23 Twenty-three pairs of plated candlesticks at 

2, 5s. a pair . . . . 51 15 o 

100 prizes at i t is. . . 105 o o 

150 prizes at i8s. ..... 135 o o 

356 prizes at 155.. . . . . . 262 10 o 

600 prizes at IDS. . ..... 300 o o 

800 prizes at 8s. each ..... 280 o o 

First drawn ticket Gold necklace and earrings . 880 
Last drawn ticket Gold necklace and earrings . 880 

2370 prizes, 4702 blanks (not two to a prize) = 7072 tickets 
at 75. each, ^2475, 45." 

" The lottery of goods formerly belonging to P. 
Forrester & Co. is just finished. It was once intended 
the whole numbers should be inserted in the papers, but 
find it would take up the greater part of the papers. 
The books containing the tickets will be found at 
the warehouse lately occupied by Messrs Anderson, 
Leslie, & Co., front stair above the shop. The prizes 
will be ready for delivery by Monday. Those holding 
tickets in the country please forward them to their 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 151 

friends in town as no prizes will be delivered unless the 
tickets are given up. 

" N.B. All letters upon this business must be post 
paid, otherwise they will not be answered." Edinburgh 
Evening Coiirant, 5th March and I2th May 1796. 

Further details about this lottery are awanting ; the 
only information that has been traced occurs in a short 
paragraph in the Courant, which informs us that 
No. 1804 in Forrester's Lottery drew a prize of the 
value of 52, i os., and was understood to have been 
bought by a lady in Paisley. That the venture was 
a success is proved by the number of imitators of the 
scheme which followed shortly afterwards in Edinburgh. 

FORSYTH, T. MORRICE or MORRISON. TurrifT, 1835. 
FOSTER, ISAIAH & Co. 184 Argyll Street, Glasgow, 1836. 

FOWLDS OR FOULDS, ALLAN. Kilmarnock ; died 28th 

March 1799, aged 80 years. 

FOWLDS, JAMES. Market Lane, Kilmarnock, .1820. 
FRANCIS, THOMAS. High Street, Dumbarton, 1837. 
FRANK, ANDRO and JAMES. Peebles, 1564-70. 
FRANKLIN BROTHERS. 58 New Buildings, North 

Bridge, Edinburgh, 1820-35. 

FRASER, HUGH. Lamington Street, Tain, 1836. 
ERASER, JAMES. Perth, 1795. 

Apprenticed to Charles Young, Perth. 
FRASER, JOHN. 30 South Methven Street, Perth, 1843. 
FRASER, JOHN. 166 Union Street, Aberdeen, 1846. 
FRASER, NICHOLAS. Haddington, 1636. 
FREEMAN, WALTER. Hawick, 1780. 
FRIGG, ALEXANDER. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1759. 

Booked apprentice to George Monro, Canongate, 
27th December 1759. 

FRUGARD, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1701. 

Booked journeyman to Paul Romieu, jun., 25th 
September 1701. 
FUBISTER, JOHN. 7 Richmond Place, Edinburgh, 1836. 



152 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

FULTON, JOHN. Fenwick, Ayrshire, 1834. 

GALLOWAY, WALTER. Kilbirnie, 1776. 

A peculiarity of this maker's clocks is that the brass 
dial has two round apertures below the hands, one 
giving the month and the other the day of the month. 

GALLOWAY, WILLIAM. Dairy, Ayrshire, 1776. 

A relative of Walter Galloway, Kilbirnie. His clocks 
have the same peculiarity. 

GAMMACK, JAMES. Aberchirder, Banff, 1846. 
GARDEN, PETER. Longside, Aberdeenshire, 1837. 
GARDINER, JAMES. Perth, 1825-42. 

GARDINER & KYNOCK. 239 High Street, Edinburgh, 

1846. 
GARDINER, PATRICK. Perth, 1779-1800. 

Apprenticed to James Young, Perth, 1779 ; admitted 

freeman of Perth Hammermen Incorporation, 1790. 

Was in business in Perth up to 1800. 

GARDINER, PATRICK. Edinburgh, 1812. 

Whether this maker is the same as above we have 
been unable to discover, but it is just possible that 
it is the same individual. He compeared nth 
September 1812 before the Edinburgh Hammermen's 
Incorporation, and presented a petition craving to be 
admitted a freeman watchmaker in right of his wife, 
Matilda, daughter of the late James Aberdour, freeman 
member of the Incorporation. The petition was 
granted, and he paid six pounds to the Treasurer. 

30//2 October 1812. "Compeared and presented 
his essay, being a watch movement, begun, made, and 
finished in the shop of Robert Green, in his presence as 
landlord, and that of James Howden and Alexander 
Wilson, essay masters, etc." E. H. Records. 

GARDINER, PETER. Perth, 1833. 
GARDINER, W. & J. 39 High Street, Perth, 1837. 
GARDNER, PETER. High Street, Perth, 1820. 
GARRICK, FERGUS. Stranraer, 1836-50. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 153 

GARRICK, JOHN. Castle Street, Stranraer, 1836. 

GARTLY, JOHN. Aberdeen, 1799. 

GARVAN & WRIGHT. Main Street, Irvine, 1820. 

GEDDES, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1728-55. 

2\st September 1728. "Son to Andrew Geddes, 
writer in Edinburgh ; booked apprentice to Patrick 
Gordon, clock and watch maker." 

\2th November 1743. "The which day James 
Geddes, son to Andrew Geddes, writer and burgess of 
Edinburgh, late apprentice to Patrick Gordon, watch- 
maker, presented his bill for being admitted a freeman 
watch and clock maker, which was received accordingly, 
and ane essay and essay masters were appointed." 

%th May 1744. " Compeared James Geddes and 
presented his essay, a white movement of a watch, which 
was found a well wrought essay, etc. His essay masters 
were John Wilson, Archibald Straiton, and James 
Drysdale. His essay was made in Patrick Gordon's 
shop, his landlord." E. H. Records. 

"Lost on the afternoon of Wednesday, the 9th 
October, on the high road betwixt Howgate mouth and 
Kingside Edge, a small-sized silver watch with an 
enamelled dial plate, maker's name, James Geddes, 
Edinburgh, No. 160, and had when lost a black silk 
string very much worn, and in the outer case an 
equation table, on the back of which is wrote the 
owner's name and designation. Whoever has found the 
said watch and will return it to James Geddes, watch- 
maker, Back of the Guard, Edinburgh, shall have two 
guineas reward." Caledonian Mercury -, I2th October 

1749. 

"That on Wednesday 28th February 1750 last, there 

was dropt or stolen in the New Church of Edinburgh, 
from a lady's side, a gold watch, maker's name, Quare, 
London, having a pinchbeck chain with a cornelian seal 
of a man's head set in gold. Whoever has found and 
will return the same to James Geddes, watchmaker, at 
the back of the main Guard, Edinburgh, shall be hand- 
somely rewarded." Edinburgh Evening Courant, ist 
March 1750. 

"To be sold by public voluntary roup upon 
Wednesday the 4th of February next, at the house 



154 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

lately possest by the deceast James Geddes, watchmaker, 
and now by his relict, at the back of the Guard, great 
choice of Gold, Silver, and Pinchbeck watches, eight- 
day clocks, a repeating table clock, Barometers, and 
sundry pieces of the movements of watches, together 
with the whole instruments and utensils necessary for 
a watchmaker. The particulars are to be seen at any 
time between and the day of roup, which is to begin at 
10 o'clock and to continue till all is sold off. It is 
hoped that those who are debtors to the said James 
Geddes will without delay make payment to his relict, 
who is entitled to discharge them, which will prevent 
the disagreeable necessity of a prosecution. And it is 
expected that those who have got watches out upon 
trial will either return them or the value before the day 
of roup." Caledonian Mercury, i/th January 1755. 

" Charles Geddes, watchmaker, Halifax, served Heir of 
Line and Provision General to his father, James Geddes, 
watchmaker in Edinburgh, dated i8th November 1784. 
Recorded 2$rd November 1784." Services of Heirs. 

" Died at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on the 27th September 
1810, Mr Charles Geddes, watchmaker, aged 61 years, 
native of Edinburgh." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 181 1. 

GEORGE, WILLIAM. 70 Mill Street, Perth, 1848. 

GERRARD, WILLIAM. Turriff, 1812; died 1872. 

Apprenticed to James Dalziel, Fraserburgh, about 
1812. 

GIBB, JAMES. Trongate, Glasgow, 1846. 
GIBB, JAMES. Stirling, 1770. 

Entered freeman of the Incorporation of Hammer- 
men, Stirling, for his life only, December 1770. 

GIBB, WILLIAM. Whithorn, 1836. 

GIBSON, ADAM. Dunse, 1777. 

GIBSON, HENRY. Berwick-on-Tweed, 1848. 

GIBSON, JAMES. 40 Trongate, Glasgow, 1809-25. 

" Lost last night a silver watch, capped and jewelled, 
maker's name, James Gibson, Glasgow, No. 21, with a 
gold chain and seal. Whoever brings the same to 
James Gibson, watchmaker, 40 Trongate, Glasgow, will 
be handsomely rewarded." Glasgow Courier, ist 
September 1812. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 155 

"James Gibson, watch and clock maker, Glasgow, 
served Heir in General to his grandfather, Daniel 
Gibson, smith in Edinburgh, dated i6th February 1824. 
Recorded 3Oth March 1824." Services of Heirs. 

GIBSON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1758-80. 

29/// December 1758. "John Gibson, son of James 
Gibson, stabler, in the Grassmarket, Edinburgh, bound 
apprentice to Daniel Binny." 

2.6th July 1766." Presented a bill for being admitted 
a freeman clock and watch maker, which was received." 

^\st January 1767. " Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a watch movement, begun, made, and 
finished in his own shop in the presence of Samuel 
Brown, landlord, James Duff, Peter Taylor, and 
Alexander Farquharson, essay masters, which being a 
well wrought essay, etc., was accordingly admitted." 
E. H. Records. 

" VALUABLE MUSICAL CLOCK FOR SALE. This 
capital piece of Mechanism is now exposed in Thomson's 
Sale Room, No. 56 South Bridge Street, Edinburgh. 
It was made by John Gibson, an eminent maker in this 
city, and is mounted in an elegant mahogany case, 
which as well as the movement is in complete repair. 
The motion is regulated by a royal pendulum with a 
dead escapement, and the music, consisting of eleven 
of our best old Scots tunes and a hymn tune, one of 
which it plays every hour, is performed by one barrel 
on a set of very sweet toned bells ; it also plays any of 
the tunes at pleasure. This clock would be a great 
acquisition to the hall of a mansion house." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, ist October 1808. 

GIBSON, JOHN, jun. Edinburgh, 1780. 

Nephew of above ; booked apprentice to John 
Gibson, ist November 1780. 

27th January 1781. "On the petition of John 
Gibson and his mother, order the officer to call at the 
different watchmakers, and shew them the indentures, 
and ascertain if none of them shall agree to take the 
apprentice on the same terms he had from his late 
uncle and master. The incorporation, in terms of the 
petition, allow John Gibson to learn his craft with any 



156 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

master he can find and agree upon his service. He 
shall be entitled to the freedom in virtue of his 
indentures." 

^rd May 1781. "It being reported that all and 
each of the watchmakers had declined to take John 
Gibson on the terms of his indenture with John 
Gibson his uncle, the incorporation do therefore allow 
the said John Gibson to learn his trade with any master 
he can find, and to have the benefits of his indenture." 
E. H. Records. 

GIBSON, JOHN. Bradshaw Street, Saltcoats, 1820-37. 

GIBSON, JOHN. Kelso. 

The particulars of this maker have been kindly 
supplied by Mr Thomas Craig, Kelso, as follows : 
" Towards the close of the eighteenth century we had 
in this town a man who seemed to be a great mechanical 
genius, not only making clocks with ingenious features, 
but also being a proficient optician, having made a 
telescope for the British Ambassador to Russia, and 
another for the Duke of Roxburghe, for which he is 
said to have got one hundred guineas each. His gifts as 
a musician, linguist, etc., were also notable, so out of 
the common that many reputed him to be rather 
uncanny." 

This gentleman has taken the trouble to inquire at 
all the local clock and watch makers, asking them to 
keep a lookout for any of this maker's productions, but 
without success. To any who own them this short note 
about a man of undoubted talent may be of interest. 

GIBSON, JOHN. New Street, Beith, 1837. 

GIBSON, JOHN. Glasgow, 1809. 

GIBSON, JOHN. Glasgow, 1841. 

GIBSON, ROBERT. 17 Academy Street, Dumfries, 1820. 

GIBSON, THOMAS. 26 Hyde Hill, Berwick-on-Tweed, 

1837- 
GIBSON, -. Ayr, 1844. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 157 

GIBSON AND CLELLAND. Edinburgh, 1767-72. 

If the reader will turn to the notes on John Gibson 
and John Clelland it will be seen that they were both 
fellow apprentices with Daniel Binny ; Clelland was a 
transferred apprentice. Although both finished their 
indentures in the same year, John Gibson was the first 
of the two to become a freeman of the incorporation, 
Clelland being admitted five years later. As the latter 
could not commence business on his own account until 
he was also made freeman he traded with his fellow 
apprentice, the firm being known as Gibson and 
Clelland. Whether this was done openly is a matter of 
uncertainty, as the copartnery name never appears in 
the Hammermeris Records, but, as can be seen by the 
advertisement issued by Clelland, page 82, this came to 
an end in 1773, John Gibson not unlikely carrying on 
the business at the established premises at the West 
End of the Luckenbooths, while John Clelland com- 
menced on the north side of the Lawnmarket. 

GIFFEN, ROBERT & SON. Church Street, Campbeltown, 
1837- 

GIFFORD The Town Clock of (Haddingtonshire). 

" The first village improvement undertaken by the 
managers of which we have notice is the provision of a 
town clock in 1775. Subscriptions to the extent of 
$> 3 s - were received, and the balance of 14, 193. was 
paid out of the town funds, which were so low at the 
time that of that amount one of the managers had to 
advance 2, ios. 

" The clock was purchased for 20, and was erected 
under the supervision of Mr Hay of Hopes, 1 the factor 
of the Marquess of Tweeddale. The carriage of the 
clock and bell from Edinburgh cost 6s. ; painting the 
case and boards of the clock steeple meant a further 
expenditure of 8s. ; ' pottie,' and the expense of laying it 
on the bottom of the spire cost is. 6d. The clock steeple 

1 It is interesting to note that this Mr Hay of Hopes is buried in 
the tomb of George Heriot, senior, in the Greyfriars Churchyard, 
Edinburgh. 



158 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

was exactly where it now is, but, as some living still may 
remember, it was different in form. The tower itself 
was square, with Louvre windows just underneath the 
steeple. The steeple could hardly be called a steeple, 
being simply a comparatively flat roof, the whole being 
what would now be called a lantern roofed tower ; while 
the clock face was a large square board with painted 
lettering. There was no glass, and during a snowstorm 
the hands could be seen steadily pursuing their course 
long after the figures had been covered by the snow. 
The keeping of the clock formed an item of annual 
expenditure. Robert Bathgate received 33. 4d. per half 
year for winding it, and by 1790 this sum had 
been increased to 5s. For supervising Robert and 
attending to the oiling of the clock, James Craise was 
paid 55. per annum, a fee that was later raised to los. 6d. 
In 1779 the clock was cleaned in Edinburgh at a cost of 
los. 6d., John Gibson being paid the large sum of 2d. 
for taking it to Edinburgh. To do this cleaning work 
a Haddington man, James Cunningham, was afterwards 
employed, and was paid at the Edinburgh rate, los. 6d., 
but apparently he had in addition little perquisites for 
his trouble, for in February 1784 there is an item of 
expenditure entered thus : ' By expense of a dinner to 
Mr Cunningham at cleaning of clock 53. iod.'; and in 
1794 there is another entry: 'By an entertainment in 
John M'Conners to Mr Cunningham and assistants at 
cleaning the clock, 3s. I id.' 

"By the beginning of the century the clock winding 
had been handed over to a woman, and first Nanny 
Stewart and then Agnes Dixon officiated still under the 
supervision of Mr Craise, whose annual account for oil, 
etc., had a tendency to increase. In 1800 it was i, is. 
By and by in 1802 he received for keeping and winding, 
i, 53., and his son George, in the following year, received 
i, 6s. for performing the same duties. His successor 
in 1805 was Peter Begbie. This was the same Peter 
who was declared unfit to be clerk to the managers, and 
who apparently had almost abnormally developed the 
faculty of looking after himself. In 1815 he received 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 159 

a quarterly payment of /s. 6d. In 1838 the clock 
passed into the care of a new custodian, James Hogg 
(q.v.), whose remuneration was i/s. 6d. half yearly, 
this being a still further advance. This old clock acted 
as village time-keeper for 80 years, and was displaced 
by a more modern article in 1856. The latter only 
retained its place for about 30 years when the recon- 
structed tower and steeple were adorned by the present 
time-keeper, which was presented by the late Mr P. B. 
Swinton, and which under its watchful winder always 
makes it possible for Gifford folks to catch the train." 1 

GILCHRIST, JOHN. Kilsyth, 1820. 
GILFILLAN, JAMES. Lesmahagow, 1834. 

GILGOUR, THOMAS. Admitted a watchmaker of Hammer- 
men Incorporation, Elgin, 1697. 

GILL, DAVID. Aberdeen; died 1877, aged 88 years. 

"Purchased in 1857 the lands of Blair Ythan and 
Gavock in the parish of Foveran. On his death, in 
1877, at the age of 88, Mr Gill was succeeded in the 
former property by his eldest son, David, a distinguished 
Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, and in the 
latter by his third son Andrew." JERVISE'S Epitaphs 
and Inscriptions. 

GILL, PETER & SON. 80 Union Street, Aberdeen, 1846. 

GILLAN, JOHN. Keithhall, Inverury, 1837. 

GILLIES, ROBERT. Beith, 1790. 

GILLIES, WILLIAM. St Ninians, 1775. 

GILMOT, HARIE or HENRY. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1711. 
Admitted a freeman clockmaker, Canongate Hammer- 
men, nth April 1711, his essay being ane balance of a 
watch and ane spring pendulum. This is the earliest 
clockmaker's name appearing in the records of this 
incorporation of this date, previous ones having dis- 
appeared. 

1 I am indebted to the Rev. John Muir, B.D., minister of Gifford, for 
the above, which appeared in the columns of the haddington Advertiser, 



160 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

GIN, WILLIAM. Perth, 1778. 

GLADSTONE, JOHN. Biggar. 

Born 22nd August 1772; died 8th July 1851. The 
above particulars are noted on a tombstone in Biggar 
Churchyard erected to the family of Gladstone, to 
which the late Rt. Hon. Wm. E. Gladstone was allied. 

GLASGOW Notices regarding the Town Clocks of, from 
1576 to 1657. 

^oth June 1576. "Item, to Dauid Kaye 1 in Carraill 
(Crail) for his expenssis in remanyng about the knok, 
he being send for iij lib. vjs. viijd." 

\2th July 1576. " Item, Geivin to William Herury 
to ryn to Carraill anent the knok xvjs." 

2%th July 1576. "Item, Geivin to Dauid Kaye for 
the price of the knok, and upsetting of hir in the tolbuyth, 
quhilk wes borrowit fra Thomas Game 

jc lib. (100 Scots)." 

17 th October 1576. "In presens of Johne Wilsoun, 
ane of the bailies of Glasgow, comperit Dauid Kay 
in Carrill, and of his awin consent and confessioun 
renuncead all uther jurisdictiounes and submittand 
(him) to the jurisdictioun of the prouest (and) bailies of 
Glasgu, in this cais, to cum to the towne of Glasgu 
how sone he be requeyrit be the prouest, bailies, 
and counsalle thairof, upone the expenssis of the said 
touneship of Glasgu, and thair to set up and repair 
or mend the twa knokkes, the ane maid be himself and 
the uther auld knok mendit be him, how oft he beis 
requirit thairto be thame or ony in thair name, and that 
upone the tounes rationable expenssis to be payit and 
done to him thairfor." 

"Item, to Dauid Kaye in Carrill for the rest of the 
auld knok mendyng and for his bunteth of the new 
knok vj lib. xiijs. iiijd." 

i%tk May 1583. " Steine Dikkie, tailyeour, is maid 

burges and freman of this guid toune, and hes geiffin 

his ayth of fidelttie to the toune and his fienes, is assignit 

and grantit to Sir Archibald Dikkie for rowlling and 

1 See page 124 for further reference to David Kay. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 161 

gyding of the knok, and for lying nychtlie in the 
tolbuith to rewll and keip the samyne, and for helping 
and support of him to his bed clais." 

" Item, To Sir Archibald Dicky for keiping of the 
knok iiijs. iiijd." 

27/// January 1610. "George Smyth, rewler of the 
Tolbuith knok, hes bund him to the toun to rewll 
the said knok for all the dayis of his lyfetyme for 
the sowme of tuentie pundis money yeirlie, and siklike 
oblisses him to rewll the Hie Kirk knok and keep the 
same in gang and grath, and visie hir twa seurall dayis 
in the wik, the sessioun payand him ten merkis yeirlie." 

^\st March 1627. "The bailyeis and counsell 
aggreit with Johne Neill to mak ane new knok and 
haill furnitour of irne wark, als sufficient fyne and 
worthie as the great knok in the laich stepill of the 
Metrapolitan Kirk vpoun his awin expenssis for sax 
hundrethe merk to be payit be the toun to him, and ane 
contract to be drawin vp betuix thame and him 
thairanent." 

\7th November 1627. "Item, ordanes the thesaurer 
to gif to Johne Neill for chainging the knok and bywark 
ten pundis money." 

2$rd August 1628. "The prouest, bailyies, and 
counsill hes condescendit and aggreit to gif to Johne 
Neill thrie hundrethe merkis money, and that by and 
attour sax hundrethe merkis quilk the toun wes bund 
to pay him for the great new knok of the Tolbuithe 
maid be him to the toun vpoun his awin chairges, 
becaus they fand that he was ane loser and the said 
knok was worthe the foresaid haill sowme." 

3O/// August 1628. "The treasurer to have a 
warrant for 50 markis given to Johne Jaffray forder 
nor (more than) Johne Neill gave him for forging of the 
knok, becaus it was lang in working and sindrie pairtis 
thairof wrocht ouer agane, and also a warrant for 390 
markis to be gevin to Vallentyn Ginking, paintour, 
for gilting of the horologe brodis, palmes, mones, the 
Kingis armes, an all paintrie and cullouring thairof, 
and of the justice hous." 

L 



162 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

2ist February 1657. -"Appoints the haill horologes 
to be mendit in letters for the better knowing of the 
hours, and that with all convenience, and Bailie Hall 
to speak James Colquherine thairanent, and to report." 

2,th February 1657. "Appoint the provest and 
Johne Walkingschaw to deall with James Colquhone 
anent the couleuring of the horologe in the Tolbooth." 

\^th March 1657. " It is concluded upon that 
Androu Purdoune have the knokis in rewling, and is 
to have ane cair of the haill three knokis for payment 
of the old yeirlie fie that was payit to umquhill Johne 

Neill." 

i^th June 1657. " It is condescendit and agreed to 
pay to James Colquhone three hundret and fifty merks 
for to coller and dress again the horologis and gilting 
of the letters." 

2oth June 1657. "Walter Neilsoune made report 
that, conform to the council's order, he had agreed with 
Patrick Wilsoune for drawing of the High Kirk knok 
pais quhilk the town is to pay hereafter and is to be 
remembered." 

%tk August 1657. " It is concluded and agreed upon 
by the said magistrates and council that James Colquhoun 
paint and fix the toun's annes and year of God on 
every horologe brod, and that being done, grants 
warrant to James Bornis to pay to the said James 
Colquhoun, for the painting and coulouring of the four 
horologe brods of the tolbooth and gilding the letters 
thereof as they now stand, the sum of four hundret 
merks out of the money collected for the buckatis, and 
what the said James does furthur to the globes he is 
to be satisfied thairfore be sight of John Walkingshaw." 
Extracts from Glasgow Burgh Records, published by 
the Burgh Record Society. 

GLASS, JAMES. Bannatyne, Alexandria, Dumbartonshire, 
1837- 

GLASS, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1692. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 163 

COLDER, JOHN. Alloa, 1830-45. 

"John Colder, Watch & Clock Maker, Mill Street, 
Alloa, begs to inform the inhabitants of the town and 
vicinity that he continues to keep on hand a good 
assortment of Lever and Vertical watches, eight-day 
clocks, etc. Clocks in the country cleaned and repaired " 
Alloa Monthly Advertiser, 7th May 1842. 

" To be disposed of, the stock and goodwill of that 
old-established business carried on here by J. Colder, 
who is retiring from business. To any person possessed 
of a small capital a more eligible opportunity seldom 
occurs. The shop, the rent of which is moderate, is 
situated in the principal street ; application to be made 
to J. Colder here." Ibid., 7th February 1845. 

GOODAL, ADAM. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1744. 

Booked apprentice to James Nicoll. 
GOODFELLOW, JOHN. Stirling, 1765. 

Admitted a freeman of the Incorporation of Hammer- 
men, Stirling, I3th April 1765; had to make for an 
essay a lanteret wheel for a watch and to redeem it by 
paying the sum of fifteen shillings sterling. 

"Stolen this day from Whitehouse, a silver watch 
with a china dial plate and a silver seal and a ribbon for 
a string ; maker's name, Fra Haines, London, No. 12290. 

" The man who is suspected of the theft had on a 
blue bonnet, a loose wide coat of a drab colour, and 
a bundle in his hand, pock-pitted a little, reddish hair, 
and spoke Earse, and said he was going to Inverness. 
Whoever can give information to the publisher of this 
paper, or to Mr Goodfellow, watchmaker in Stirling, 
shall have half a guinea reward." Caledonian Mercury, 
23rd October 1765. 

GOODOUNE, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1680. 

Booked apprentice to Richard Milne. 

GORDON, ADAM. Abbey of Holyrood, Edinburgh, 1797. 
GORDON, ALEXANDER. Dundee, 1729. 

Maker of the first clock in Brechin Town Hall. 
GORDON, GEORGE. Perth, 1795-1810. 

Apprenticed to Charles Young, Perth, 1795. 

"George Gordon, served Heir General to his father, 
James Gordon, watchmaker in Perth, 28th April 1807. 
Recorded I3th May 1807." Services of Heirs. 



164 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

GORDON, HUGH. Aberdeen, 1748-90. 

" That Hugh Gordon, who has for some time followed 
the business of clock and watch maker at Edinburgh, 
London, etc., having now settled in this place, hereby 
acquaints the public that all gentlemen and others may 
be furnished with new clocks and watches made by him- 
self, and have old ones repaired to the best advantage at 
reasonable rates. And if any boys of a suitable genius 
incline to follow this business he will, upon having a trial 
of their capacity, agree with them upon reasonable 
terms. He lives at Craigie Forbes's house, in the Broad- 
gate, Aberdeen." Aberdeen Journal, 8th November 
1748. 

" Hugh Gordon, watchmaker, begs leave to acquaint 
the gentlemen and ladies who are so kind as to employ 
him, that since his settlement in Aberdeen (from 
Edinburgh and London) he has lost a much greater 
sum than can be easily believed, by people neglecting to 
pay for the cleaning and repairing of their clocks and 
watches, which at last forced him, much against his 
inclination, to acquaint his employers in this public 
manner that for the future he is to clean and mend for 
ready money only, as every one must be sensible with 
what trouble the recovery of trifles is attended." Ibid., 
6th November 1753. 

"Whereas upon Saturday, the nth of July instant, 
there was lost about eight o'clock in the evening upon 
the road betwixt Didhope and Dundee, a watch, the 
case a pebble mounted with gold, maker's name, Vigne, 
No. 1432, the outer case black shagreen with a pinch- 
beck chain and two seals thereat set in gold, the one a 
Socrates head, the other the Duke of Cumberland. 
Also a small gold locket in the form of a heart set 
with hair. Any person who has found the same and 
will return it to the Town Clerk's office in Dundee, or 
to Mr Charles Malcolm, at the General Post Office in 
Edinburgh, or Mr Hugh Gordon, watchmaker in 
Aberdeen, shall be very handsomely rewarded. 

" N.B. The town of Dundee hereby offers a reward 
of Five guineas to the finder of the above watch, over 
and above what is given by the proprietor." Caledonian 
Mercury, 1 8th July 1761. 

GORDON, JAMES. Gallowgate, Aberdeen, 1820. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 165 

GORDON, JAMES. Perth, 1771-96. 

Granted liberty by the Perth Hammermen's Incor- 
poration to exercise his trade as clock and watch maker 
in that city on 1st July 1771. 

GORDON, JAMES. Beith, 1790. 

GORDON, JAMES. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1734. 

"James Gordon, son of James Gordon, watchmaker 
in Canongate, served Heir General to his cousin, Roger 
Gordon of Dendeuch, dated 26th November 1736. 
Recorded I4th March 1737." Services of Heirs. 

GORDON, JOHN. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1747-99. 

Booked apprentice to George Miln, Canongate, 
1747. Admitted a freeman clock and watch maker, 
Canongate Hammermen, 1st November 1762, his essay 
being a watch verge finished. Entered into partnership 
with Daniel Binny at the Netherbow, Edinburgh, in 
1773- 

GORDON, PATRICK. Edinburgh, 1699-1749. 

\%th September 1699. "Son to the deceast Alex- 
ander Gordon of Briggs ; booked apprentice to Richard 
Mills, clockmaker." 

i$th March 1715. " Compeared and presented his 
essay, viz., an eight-day pendulum clock, and a lock to 
the door with a key, which was found a well wrought 
essay, etc. His essay masters were William Sutor and 
John Dalgleish. His essay was made in Thomas 
Gordon's shop." E. H. Records. 

"Lost on Saturday, April the 2ist, betwixt the 
Gray's Close and Miln's Square, betwixt 8 and 9 o'clock 
at night, a large gold watch with Andrew Dunlop's 
name, with two gold cases and a green silk string with 
a small seal and an inscription on it, Love for Love. If 
any one can give notice of the said watch to Patrick 
Gordon, watchmaker in Miln's Square, opposite to the 
Tron Church, shall be sufficiently rewarded for the 
same." Caledonian Mercury, 26th April 1744. 

" On Saturday last died Mr Patrick Gordon, watch- 
maker in this city. We are told he has left several 
donations and mortifications, but the extent is not 



166 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

known, in regard his executor, Mr Gordon at Garmouth, 
lives at a considerable distance." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, iQth June 1749. 

3O/// November 1749. "The house being informed 
that their late respected fellow freeman, Patrick Gordon, 
watchmaker, deceased, by his deed of legacy the I3th 
and registered in the Court Books of this burgh the 28th 
day of June last, had among many other mortifications, 
charities, and donations, legated and bequeathed to the 
Deacon and Masters of this Incorporation for the use 
and behoof of the same the sum of Twenty pounds 
sterling, and that James Gordon, merchant in Garmouth, 
to whom he had disponed his whole effects, was ready to 
pay the said legacy upon a proper discharge. Therefore 
the Incorporation, in grateful remembrance of such 
donation, do appoint the name of the said Patrick 
Gordon to be put up in Gold Letters in their chapel 
among the names of their other pious benefactors. 

" And hereby depute and empower James Yorston, 
cutler in Edinburgh, their treasurer, for and in name of 
their said Incorporation, and as their Act and Deed to 
receive and discharge the said legacy of Twenty pounds 
sterling, and everything concerning the same, to grant 
which the said Incorporation could do themselves, all 
v/hich they oblige them and their successors to hold firm 
and ratify whereupon this act is made." E. H. Records. 

GORDON, ROBERT. High Street, Edinburgh, 1750. 

" Robert Gordon at his shop, south side of the Cross, 
Edinburgh, acquaints the public that he has now ready 
for sale a large collection of second-hand plate. Gold 
watches, chased and plain, exceeding cheap." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, I5th March 1750. 

GORDON, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1688-1743. 

yd November 1688. " Brother German to Alexander 
Gordon of Briggs ; booked apprentice to Andrew Brown." 

\%th September 1703. " Compeared and presented 
his essay, viz., a pendulum clock with alarum and short 
swing and a lock to the door with a key, which was 
found a well wrought essay, etc., and therefore they 
admit him to be a freeman among them in the clock- 




LONG CASE CLOCK, 

In marquetry case. By Thomas 
Gordon, Edinburgh, 1 688 - 1743. 
(See p. 166.) 




LONG CASE CLOCK, 
In coibuveil, /naixju^try caa 
Paul RY}um]eX J u 
i682->r7ii2 % The, ^roperty^ ,of, J. 



(Seep! 328.) 



[To face page 166. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 167 

maker's art. His essay masters were Deacon Letham 
and Paul Romieu ; his essay was made in Andrew 
Brown's shop. He paid the boxmaster one hundred 
and six pounds thirteen shillings and four pennies (Scots) 
and the other dues." E. H. Records. 

I2tk April 1712. " In presence of the Incorporation 
of the Hammermen of Edinburgh, Thomas Gordon, 
clockmaker, payed this day thirteen shillings sterling 
to the boxmaster for being twenty-six times absent, 
before he could get William Murray his apprentice 
discharged. And the Incorporation declare they will 
free none hereafter of what absents they shall be, before 
they get their apprentices discharged." E. H. Records. 

" Lost near the Causeyside last week, a new gold 
watch, made by Thomas Gordon. Whoever has found 
the said watch and returns it to Thomas Gordon, watch- 
maker in Edinburgh, shall have five guineas reward." 
Caledonian Mercury, I4th October 1728. 

Thomas Gordon died in the beginning of the year 
1743, having been in business for a period of forty 
years. If the reader will turn to the notes on Robert 
Fairholm it will be seen that the minute quoted gives 
Patrick Gordon as his brother. This is probably correct, 
although the first minutes dealing with both these men 
respectively show that they were uncle and nephew. 
Possibly this last is a mistake of the writer of the 
original records, but that undoubtedly they were brothers 
is afforded by the fact that Patrick Gordon was served 
Heir to his brother Thomas Gordon, 2Oth April 1749. 
Specimens of the two brothers' art are exceeding rare : 
two of Thomas Gordon's having come under my notice, 
one in a marquetry case formerly the property of 
Messrs T. Smith & Sons, watchmakers, George Street, 
Edinburgh, but now, we believe, in London ; the other 
still located in the Head Office of the Bank of Scotland. 
One by Patrick Gordon was seen in an antiquarian 
dealer's shop in Edinburgh. All three show, in a 
marked degree, not only the characteristics of the period 
in which these men lived, but also remain as examples 
of the careful handiwork of capable men. 



168 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

GORDON, THOMAS. Edinburgh and New York, 1748. 

6th February 1748. " Son of James Gordon, merchant 
in Gartmouth ; booked apprentice to Patrick Gordon." 

I9//2 December 1749. " Anent the petition offered 
by Thomas Gordon, late apprentice to Patrick Gordon, 
watchmaker, deceased, craving to be transferred to 
another master for the remaining space of his indentures, 
and in terms thereof. And the said Thomas Gordon 
being called in, and having pitched upon William Nicol, 
watchmaker, to be his master, and William Nicol 
accepted thereof, the house transfers the said Thomas 
Gordon to be apprentice to the said William Nicol for 
the space yet to run in the said indentures on the 
conditions and the terms thereof." E. H. Records. 

The opening minute in above shows that this was a 
son of the "executor" of Patrick Gordon's will, and 
although the designation of his location is slightly spelt 
different, it is clear that it is the same individual. What 
relation he was to the two clockmakers is uncertain, but 
all information seems to point that he was another 
brother, which surmise, if correct, made this Thomas 
Gordon a nephew. The choice of William Nicol as his 
master was no doubt due to the fact that William Nicol 
had served his apprenticeship with Patrick Gordon, and 
as Nicol had only been made freeman a year or so 
before, it was only natural that he should pitch upon 
one who was certain to be well known to him. His 
future movements in Edinburgh after this date are 
unknown, but in the year 1770 he was served heir to 
his father, and is designated as belonging to New York. 
Of his career in this last city we have not the slightest 
information, but as it is just possible that some of his 
descendants are still in New York, this brief but authentic 
note may interest and be of value to them. 

GORDON, WILLIAM. Lauder, 1780-1805. 

\2th December 1780." Bound apprentice to Turnbull 
& Aitchison, Edinburgh." 

21 st December 1804, "William Gordon, sometime 
apprentice to Turnbull & Aitchison, with which he had 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 169 

personally compeared at a meeting called together for 
his accommodation on the I7th curt., he being obliged to 
leave town for Lauder, where he carries on business, 
early next morning. He craved to have an essay and 
essay masters appointed in order to his being admitted 
a freeman locksmith, which in the circumstances of the 
case was granted. His essay to be produced at the 
next Whitsunday meeting. The treasurer received nine 
pounds, being the first moiety of his entry money." 

4//z May 1805. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, a clock movement begun, made, and finished in the 
shop of James Ramage, landlord, in presence of him and 
William Drysdale, James Brackenrig, John Henderson, 
and Robert Ancrum, essay masters, as they declared." 
E. H. Records. 

It will be observed that this individual received his 
training in Edinburgh and settled in Lauder. He was 
in business there in 1797. It is evident that quite a 
number of Edinburgh trained craftsmen settled in 
country districts. 

GORDON, WILLIAM. 60 Potterrow, Edinburgh, 181 1. 
GORDON, WILLIAM. Convel Street, Dufftown, 1836. 
GORDONE, THOMAS. Aberdeen, 1595. See page 8. 
GORDOUNE, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1680. 

jth February 1680. " Son to Alexander Gordoune 
of Edencore ; booked apprentice to Richard Mylne." 

GOURLAY, JAMES. Newton-Stewart, 1836. 

GOW, JAMES. Dunblane, 1837. 

GOW, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1779. 

GO WANS, JAMES. East Linton, 1837-50. 

GRAHAM, CHARLES. Edinburgh, 1782-90. 

1st November 1782. "Son of the deceased John 
Graham, bookbinder; bound apprentice to Laurence 
Dalgleish." 

1st November 1788. " Discharged of his indentures." 
gth April 1790. Married Elizabeth Stewart. 

GRAHAM, J. Kirkintilloch, 1735. 



170 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

GRAHAM, JAMES. Whitburn, 1833. 

u Elizabeth Graham in Whitburn served Heir 
Portion General to her father, James Graham, clock- 
maker there, dated iQth August 1833. Recorded 
4th October 1833." Services of Heirs. 

GRAHAM, JAMES. Glasgow, 1793. 

GRAHAM, JAMES. High Street, Girvan, 1837. 

GRAHAM, JOHN. Church VVynd, Langholm, 1837. 

GRAHAM, JOHN. Moffat, 1837. 

GRAHAM, JOHN. Stirling Street, Airdrie, 1836. 

GRAHAM, JOSEPH. 71 Trongate, Glasgow, 1837. 

GRAHAM, THOMAS. Buccleuch Street, Hawick, 1837. 

GRAIG, WILLIAM. Stewartfield, Aberdeenshire, 1836. 

GRANT, ALEXANDER. Newburgh, Fife, 1834. 

GRANT, ALEXANDER. 10 Bow, Stirling, 1825 ; died 
1875- 

GRANT, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1776-83. 

Booked apprentice to Joseph Durward, 1776; dis- 
charged of his indentures 28th April 1783. 

GRANT, JOHN. 23 Main Street, Anderston, Glasgow, 
1818-41. 

GRANT, JOHN. I Bishop Street, Glasgow, 1828-41. 
GRANT, JOHN. Fyvie, Aberdeenshire, 1846. 
GRANT, JOSEPH. Sinclair Street, Helensburgh, 1837. 

GRANT, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1750-55. 

28//z July 1750. "Son of Thomas Grant, Bower; 
booked apprentice to John Stiell." 

2^th July 1755. "The meeting authorised their 
Deacon, Treasurer, and Masters of the Locksmith's Art 
to transfer William Grant, apprentice to John Stiell, 
watch and clock maker, deceasit, to Robert Clidsdale, 
for the space to run of his indentures." 

Jth February 1756. "William Grant having applied 
to the Incorporation to be transferred to a new master, 
they remitted to their present Deacon and Treasurer to 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 171 

inquire how William Grant has spent his time since 
John Stiell's death, and according how he has behaved, 
to transfer him not to Robert Clidsdale, and in general 
with full powers to them to do therein as they shall 
cause." E. H. Records. 

GRANT, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1821. 

3O/// July 1821. " Apprenticed to William Drysdale." 

GRANT, WILLIAM. High Street, Perth, 1820. 

GRAY, ALEXANDER. Elgin, 1754-74. See Elgin Common 
Clocks, page 137. 

GRAY,- . Elgin, subsequent to 1820. 
GRAY, HENRY. Inverkeithing, 1834. 

GRAY, JAMES. Elgin, 1772. 

"James Gray, Clock and Watch Maker in Elgin, at 
the sign of the gold watch, who has regularly been bred 
to and practised the said- business in all its different 
branches, in some of the most noted shops in London, 
makes, mends, and sells all sorts of musical, repeating, 
and plain clocks, spring dials, and timepieces. Also, 
all sorts of repeating, horizontal, and plain watches, with 
gold or silver, plain shagreen, nuriskine or chased cases, 
all at very reasonable rates, and after the latest methods. 
As the communication with Elgin is frequent and very 
extensive, watches and clocks that need repair may be 
easily sent from a considerable distance, and those who 
do may depend on having them well done and speedily 
returned. As there have been many gentlemen bit, or 
deceived by imposters who call themselves watchmakers, 
such as runaway apprentices and the like, that have not 
the least pretensions to that name, but any gentleman 
that is doubtful of me can see a specimen of my work 
and also have good security for what they entrust me 
with. Any young man of a good genius who has a 
mind to learn watchmaking, may be properly instructed 
by applying to the advertiser. If any incline to clock- 
making only he will be instructed on very reasonable 
terms. 

" N.B. Ready money for old gold and silver lace." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, i8th September 1772. 



172 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

GRAY, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1765-1806. 

12th February 1765. "Apprenticed to Daniel Binny, 
and discharged of his indentures, 27th February 1771. 
Presented a bill craving to be admitted a freeman 
watchmaker, 26th July 1771. Compeared on 2nd May 
1772, and produced his essay, being a watch movement 
made and finished in the shop of John Murdoch, in 
presence of John Murdoch, landlord, William Nicol, 
Normand Macpherson, and John Sibbald, essay masters, 
as they declared, etc." E. H. Records. 

"James Gray, Watch and Clock Maker, west end of 
Luckenbooths, has now, after great labour and at much 
expense, finished a most elegant musical clock, which is 
allowed by the nobility and others who have seen it to 
be the most complete of its kind, and containing the 
greatest variety of curiosities of any ever shown in 
this city. 

" It is proposed to dispose of the said clock by way 
of a lottery at half a guinea each ticket, and so soon as 
he procures a sufficient number of subscribers the time 
and place of drawing will be advertised. The drawing 
will be conducted with the greatest care and attention 
under the direction of persons of skill and fidelity. 

" The clock goes eight days, and plays a tune of 
itself three times over every three hours in the day. It 
plays ten different tunes, which may be shifted at 
pleasure by turning a hand on the dial plate. While 
the music plays, two figures dance, and a musician plays 
on the violin, all of them keeping accurate time to 
the music. There is likewise represented a landscape 
and rural scene, with a windmill going, and a number 
of figures of various character walking along in regular 
procession. As also a distant view of an encampment, 
with a soldier on duty constantly walking backward 
and forward, and may be seen at No. 19 Princes Street, 
New Town, any lawful day from ten o'clock forenoon 
till six in the evening. 

" Subscriptions are taken in by Andrew Ramsay, 
at the Exchange Coffee House, and if a sufficient 
number of subscribers cannot be obtained in six weeks 
from this date, Mr Ramsay will return the gentlemen 
subscribers their money. 

" N.B. The clock is valued at eighty guineas." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 27th July 1785. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 173 

" MUSICAL CLOCK. James Gray, watchmaker, having 
now sold off (to a few) the tickets for the lottery of his 
musical clock, respectfully informs the Nobility, Gentry, 
and others who have so liberally patronised him that 
the drawing of the said lottery is to be held in Magdalen 
Chapel, Cowgate, on Monday, I2th December next, at 
12 o'clock noon. He therefore expects those who 
have subscribed will send their tickets to the Exchange 
Coffee House, or to his shop, immediately above the 
entry to the Tolbooth, where those who choose yet to 
favour him may be served with tickets previous to the 
drawing. 

" N.B. He continues to make, sell, and repair 
all sorts of watches and clocks on the most reasonable 
terms. Variety of watch chains, seals, etc." Ibid^ 
23rd November 1785. 

An account of the drawing of the clock, and the 
name of the successful subscriber, is given below : 

"On Monday last the lottery for the ingenious 
musical clock invented by Mr Gray, clock and watch 
maker here, was drawn in Magdalen Chapel before 
Mr Ferguson of Craigdarroch, and Mr Charles Mitchell, 
writer in Edinburgh, judges to oversee it, when No. 157, 
the property of Mr Archibald Maxwell, writer, was 
found entitled to the prize. There were 160 tickets in 
the wheel, which sold at IDS. 6d. each." Caledonian 
Mercury , 24th December 1786. 

Its further career is shown by the following advertise- 
ment, which appeared in the Caledonian Mercury, 
nth February 1788: 

" LOTTERY OF A MUSICAL CLOCK. The musical 
clock made by James Gray, and disposed of by him by 
lottery some time ago, is now again to be disposed of in 
the same manner by the representative of the gainer. 
One hundred and sixty tickets will be given out, and 
the gainer will be burdened with the payment of five 
guineas, to be divided equally among the holders of ten 
other tickets. 

" The clock goes eight days, and plays a tune of 
itself three times over, every three hours. It plays 
twelve different tunes, which may be shifted at pleasure 
by turning a hand on the dial plate. The clock is at 
William Bruce's, upholsterer and auctioneer, above the 



174 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

North Bridge, High Street, Edinburgh, and may be 
seen gratis every Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday, 
from 12 to 3 o'clock, where tickets, los. 6d. each, 
may be had, and of Andrew Ramsay, Exchange Coffee 
House. Notice of the time and place of drawing will be 
given so soon as the tickets are disposed, and the price 
of the tickets will be returned if the drawing does not 
take place within three months from the i$th of 
February 1788." 

The above was made at a period when the con- 
struction of such like mechanical movements occupied 
the attention of a number of capable men, and would no 
doubt come in for a close inspection by his fellow crafts- 
men. Further proofs of his skill are shown by the accurate 
performance of the numerous examples of his workman- 
ship that remain. Some of these -he dated, and one 
made in 1782' is now located in the post office, 
Coldingham, Berwickshire, and does duty as official 
timekeeper. He was also, at his death, which took 
place in 1806, His Majesty's Clock and Watch Maker 
in Scotland. 

GRAY, JAMES, jun. Edinburgh, 1805-36. 

26th January 1805. "Son of above; presented a 
petition craving to be admitted to an essay and essay 
masters." 

2nd August 1806. " Compeared and produced his 
essay, a watch movement, begun, made, and finished in 
his own shop, in presence of Robert Green, landlord, 
and Robert Hinmers, Thomas Morgan, and Thomas 
Sibbald, essay masters, as they declared, etc." E. H. 
Records. 

"James Gray, 12 Parliament Square, respectfully 
informs the nobility and gentry of Scotland and the 
public in general that His Majesty has appointed him 
his watch and clock maker and keeper and repairer 
of clocks and watches in his houses and palaces of 
Scotland. J. G., having served a regular apprenticeship 
with his father, late watchmaker to the King, and 
having been several years in England, particularly 
with one of the most eminent watchmakers in London, 
he therefore humbly solicits the patronage of the 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 175 

nobility and gentry and the public of Edinburgh, 
and feels quite confident that by strict attention on 
his part and by able assistants, he will execute the 
work entrusted to him in such a manner as to give 
the fullest satisfaction to his employers. Clocks and 
Watches made on the most improved principles. 
Chronometers, Repeaters, Musical Watches, and boxes 
carefully repaired." Edinburgh Evening Courant, J7th 
May 1823. 

In 1825 he removed to 13 High Street, and about 
1836 appears to have removed to 59 South Bridge. 

GRAY, JAMES. 38 Shore Street, Macduff, 1846. 
GRAY, PETER & Co. 18 Bank Street, Edinburgh, 1850. 

GRAY, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1844. 

" Robert Gray, clockmaker in Edinburgh, served 
Heir of Provision General to his mother, Helen Meek, 
wife of W. Gray, joiner there, dated 24th June 1844. 
Recorded ist July 1844." Services of Heirs. 

GRAY, ROBERT & SON. 78 Argyle Street, Glasgow, 

1837- 

GRAY, WILLIAM. Huntly; died 1799. 
GREEN, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1781-1834. 

$rd November 1781. "Bound apprentice to James 

Howden." 

^7 th January 1789. "Discharged of his indentures." 
^th May 1793. " Compeared and presented his 

essay, being a watch movement, begun, made, and 

finished in presence of James Howden, landlord, Geo. 

Skelton, David Murray, and John Sibbald, essay masters 

as they declared, etc." E. H. Records. 

" WATCH LOST. Left in the Black Bull Inn on 
Tuesday evening, the 25th inst., a silver watch, maker's 
name, Scott and Coutts, London, with a cairngorm 
seal set in gold, having the letters P.S. engraved thereon, 
suspended to the watch by a yellow and black silk 
ribbon. Whoever has found the said watch, by returning 
it to Mr Green, watchmaker, Parliament Square, Edin- 
burgh, will be handsomely rewarded." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 3ist July 1806. 



176 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

2ist May 1809. "Married at Edinburgh, Mr Robert 
Green, watchmaker, to Miss Deuchar, only daughter 
of the late David Deuchar, Esq., of Morningside." 

" Retiring from business. Sale of superior watches 
and clocks at reduced prices. Robert Green, watch 
and clock maker, Edinburgh, returns most sincere 
thanks to his friends and the public for the liberal share, 
of the patronage which he has so long enjoyed, and 
respectfully informs them that he is retiring from 
business, and will, at greatly reduced prices, dispose 
of the whole of his valuable stock, consisting of a 
great variety of Repeating Chronometers, Duplex 
Detached Levers, Horizontal and Vertical Watches, 
new and second-hand, in Gold, Silver, and Metal Cases. 
A good choice of eight-day clocks, regulators, spring 
clocks, with quarter and alarm and musical clocks, 
gold chains, seals, and keys. Silver, steel, and gilt 
guard chains, with every other article connected with the 
trade. 200 High Street, Edinburgh." Ibid., I4th May 
1832. 

He repeated the above advertisement on 22nd May 
1834, where he announces he is removed to 7 Buccleuch 
Place. 

GREENHILL, WILLIAM, of London; died at Leslie, Fife, 
9th August 1830. 

GREIG, DAVID. Perth, 1810-37. 99 High Street and 30 
St John Street, Perth. 

GREIG, DAVID. Stonehaven, 1835. 

GREIG, JAMES GIBSON. 20 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 
1819. 

GREIG, JAMES. Perth, 1765-1800. 

Apprenticed to David Bisset, Perth, 1765. Admitted 
freeman of the Incorporation of Hammermen, Perth, 
28th March 1769, on payment of 6, 33. 4d. sterling, 
as he had not served the full seven years of his 
indentures. Appointed Deacon of his Incorporation 
1774-75- 

GREIG, JOHN. Perth, 1801-9. 

"Lost on Friday last, the 25th of July, on the road 
betwixt Perth and Glasgow, a box containing a single 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 177 

case jewelled watch, engine turned, Nos. on the cases. 
Also a small silver glass hunting watch, engine turned, 
No. on the case. The above box was regularly entered 
at the coach office at Perth to be forwarded from thence 
by the light post coach to Glasgow, and it is supposed it 
has either dropped from the coach or been abstracted 
therefrom. The watches are made on so peculiar a 
construction that they will be easily discovered by 
the manufacture at any distance or period. A reward 
of five guineas will be given to any person who 
will give information to Messrs A. M'Donald & Co., 
Jewellers, 120 Trongate, Glasgow, or Mr Greig, watch- 
maker, Perth, which may lead to where the watches 
may be found. The names of informers will be con- 
cealed." Glasgow Courier, 2nd August 1806. 

"Wanted a steady, sober watchmaker, who can 
repair well. His salary will be 50 per annum. Apply 
to John Greig, watchmaker, Perth." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 2oth February 1809. 
GREY, ERNEST. Aberdeen, 1848. 

"DR DUFF'S LIBRARY AND APPARATUS FUND 
FOR CALCUTTA. Many of our friends are aware that 
for more than a year past an astronomical clock has 
been preparing under the gratuitous superintendence of 
Mr Ernest Grey, late of Calcutta, and now of Aberdeen, for 
the Missionary Institution. The clock has been for some 
time completed, and on trial proves a first-rate instru- 
ment. Under Mr Grey's superintendence, and partly con- 
structed by himself, it has cost about 80, while if ordered 
from a London maker it would not have been procured 
for more than double that sum. When ready for 
shipment it was entrusted to the care of Mr George 
Smith & Sons, who have not only forwarded it, but paid 
the whole shipping charges and insurance from Aberdeen 
to Calcutta." The Witness, i6th February 1848. 

GREY, JAMES. Perth, 1777-1801. 

GRIGOR, GEORGE. Elgin; admitted a Hammerman of 
Elgin, 1805. 

GRIMALDE, SAMUEL. Edinburgh, 33 Princes Street, 
1819; 51 North Bridge, 1822. 

We have been unable to trace this individual before 
or after the above dates, but his name comes into an 
amusing skit dealing with the Calton Hill Observatory, 

M 



178 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Edinburgh, published in the Scotsman, 3Oth September 
1820. The introduction of his name is to his credit, 
while the sequel shows that the Scotsman appears to 
have been cleverly hoaxed : 

"CALTON HILL OBSERVATORY. 

" To the Editor of The Scotsman : 

" SIR, It is utterly impossible that any stranger 
should visit your city without being impressed with 
emotions of delight, whilst those improvements which 
were pointed out to me as of a more recent date 
impress every visitor with admiration and astonishment. 

" I am a seafaring man, Captain of the Dirk Van 
Heering of Schiedam, and for the first time, about a 
month ago after a very long voyage, moored myself in 
your capital. Having found it necessary on my arrival 
to compare my chronometer with the best timepiece in 
Edinburgh, I applied to a merchant there to whom I 
had letters of introduction, and who was so kind as 
procure for me admission to the Observatory on the 
Calton Hill, where I was informed the clock was placed 
by which all the others in the city are regulated. 

" My first inquiry on reaching the outside of the 
small apartment (for no person, I am told, is admitted 
to a nearer inspection) where the timepiece is deposited 
was to know the rate of the clock's going. To this 
question the keeper, to my surprise, answered he could 
not tell. I next enquired what was the difference 
between mean and apparent time, but to this and to 
every other question necessary for my purpose I was 
mortified in the extreme to find the most profound 
ignorance. 

" To a nautical man this is a subject of vital 
importance, and before I proceeded on my voyage it was 
imperative for me to ascertain this point, both for the 
safety of myself and crew as well as for protecting the 
interests of my owner. 

" My next resource was to discover some intelligent 
clockmaker, and by advice of my cousin, who has charge 
of the Albyn Club House, I called for one Grimalde in 
Princes Street, whom I found to be exactly the character 
I was in pursuit of. He has a very good transit 
instrument of his own making, and, to my delight, I also 
perceived in his shop the nautical almanac for the year. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 179 

Thus provided, and with his assistance, I soon got 
extricated from my dilemma, lifted up my voice, and 
gave thanks to the obliging artisan, and I have just 
reached the port in safety from which I date my present 
communication to you. 

"Now, Mr Editor, as the difficulties and vexations 
which I unhappily experienced may be the lot of others, 
and in order to avert similar evils in future, I (with 
submission) would recommend that a register or journal 
of the rate of the going of the clock in the Observatory 
should be weekly exhibited at the window of the room, 
and at the same time a note of the difference between 
mean and apparent time, when any clockmaker in your 
city could at once furnish to seamen or travellers the 
desideratum of true time. 

" The Observatory clock, I was actually informed, is 
frequently set at random, and when I was there it was 
no less than five minutes fast Had I gone to sea with 
such an error in my chronometer I should have been 
thrown no less than seventy-five miles out of my 
reckoning, or equal to one degree and a quarter of 
longitude, a circumstance which might involve the most 
disastrous consequences. 

" May I beg the insertion of this letter in your 
valuable paper, and sure I am others will thank you as 
well as yours, TOM BOWLING. 

"STRALSUNDT, \Wi August 1820." 

" CALTON HILL OBSERVATORY. 

"We insert with great pleasure the letter which 
follows on the subject of our title, regretting at the same 
time, as we heartily do, that the communication to which 
it is an answer ever appeared in the Scotsman. 

" That it did so at all was owing to an accident, which 
we need not explain, but by which we were prevented 
from seeing in time to prevent its publication. To its 
author we readily concede that we have been occasionally 
indebted, but we disapprove entirely of the spirit and 
manner in which his letter was written. A greater 
mistake cannot be committed than to suppose we would 
on any occasion lend ourselves to querulous and 
unnecessary complaints or be willing to publish what 
is obviously calculated to give pain to individuals 
without being more obviously calculated to accomplish 
some public good. 



180 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

" It has been uniformly with pain to ourselves that 
we have inserted any stricture on individual conduct, 
and we have never done so consciously without believing 
that we were answering the call of public weal, and 
those who persist in a public course after the danger to 
which it leads and the evils which it produced have been 
exposed, deserve the severest reprehension, but so far 
as regards the Observatory we are not yet able to see 
that any thing has been wrong, and although there had, 
a milder and more delicate proceeding should in the 
first instance have been resorted to." 

GRINLAW, ALEXANDER. Market Place, Dunse, 1837. 
GROOM, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1703. 

Booked journeyman to Andrew Brown, I3th May 1703. 
GROUNDWATER, ROBERT PATERSON. Kirkwall, Ork- 
ney ; died July 1850. 

GUTHRIE, NICOL. Gorbals, Glasgow, 1764. 
GUVANE, PATRIK. Edinburgh, 1552. See page 133. 

HADDINGTON Notices regarding the Common Clock of 
the burgh of, from 1539 to 1831. 

14^ November 1539. "The which day the council 
think it expedient to complete the Knok house and the 
slating of the Tolbooth this year." 

\2th October 1540. "The council ordained the 
treasurer to make dilligens to set up the Knok at 
Candlemas." 

7//z April 1687. "John Elliot, surgeon apothecary, 
depended 800 merks for buying a clock for the use of the 
burgh to be set up in the Tolbooth. (It cost 2$ sterling.)" 

4th October 1732. "Owing to the ruinous condition 
of the Tolbooth the meeting of the council was held in 
the town library, and on the I7th of the same month 
the steeple clock and great bell was ordered to be taken 
down as a measure of safety. It took over ten years to 
erect a new steeple, etc., and on loth June 1745 the 
council agreed that a new clock should be provided for the 
town house to cost ,30 sterling. This clock was made 
by Roger Parkinson, Edinburgh. It required winding 
up every twenty-four hours, which was performed by 
the bellman." 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 181 

"The present excellent clock (1831) with chime 
quarters (see below), which goes eight days, was made 
in the year above mentioned by the celebrated Mr 
James Clark, Edinburgh (q.v.), and cost with the fitting 
up in the new steeple 300 (?) The clock still strikes on 
the fine old bell." " Records of the Burgh of Haddington " 
given in Miller's Lamp of Lothian. 

" We have had pleasure in observing great improve- 
ments of late years in the burgh town of Haddington. The 
public spirit of the Magistrates is nowise abated, and they 
have at a very considerable expense nearly finished an 
exceedingly handsome spire designed by our townsman, 
Mr Gillespie Graham, for the Town Hall. We have 
been informed that the inhabitants are desirous that a 
clock made upon the most improved principles should be 
placed in it, and actuated by the spirit in which they 
have supported the Magistracy in improvements in the 
town, they have opened a subscription to raise 200 
towards the sum required to procure a clock of that 
description, the town council having agreed to put it up 
in the spire agreeably to their wish. Above two-thirds 
of the sum was very soon made up in the town, but it 
being suggested that the heritors and resident landward 
parishioners would contribute towards the attaining of 
so desirable an object, application was made to the Earl 
of Wemyss and March, the chief heritor, when his 
lordship most handsomely directed his name to be put 
down for ten guineas in aid of this subscription." 
Edinburgh Advertiser, 6th September 1831. 

HALBERT, WILLIAM. 99 Glassford Street, Glasgow, 
1 800- 1 8. 

HALDANE, CHARLES. 12 South St Andrew Street, 
Edinburgh, 1825. 

HALDANE, JAMES. 6 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 1811. 

" Married on the 29th April 181 1, Mr James Haldane, 
watchmaker, Princes Street, to Miss Janet Thomson, 
daughter of Mr Andrew Thomson, Kennetpans, Clack- 
mannanshire." 

HALL, JOHN. Kirkcudbright, 1576. See page 214. 
HALL, THOMAS. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1729-83. 

Admitted freeman clockmaker, Canongate Hammer- 
men, 22nd July 1729. 



182 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

"T. Hall, Watch and Clock Maker, Edinburgh, makes 
and sells all sorts of watches and clocks made upon the 
best principles. Having studied in London under the 
ablest masters, and likewise in Paris where he resided 
some time and was under the inspection of the most 
eminent Geneva watchmaker there, he hopes to give 
satisfaction to those who please to favour him with 
their employment. He has at present for sale a 
horizontal stop seconds watch, caped, jewelled, and in 
silver cases, made by the most ingenious George 
Graham, London, who finished only a few to oblige 
his intimate friends, so are rarely to be met with." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, July 1774. 

" HOUSES IN CANONGATE AND PORTSBURGH. 
To be sold by public voluntary roup within John's 
Coffee-house, Edinburgh, upon Saturday the 3ist of 
January 1784, betwixt the hours of five and six in the 
afternoon, the following subjects which belonged to the 
deceased Thomas Hall, late watchmaker in Canongate, 
in several lots following : 

"Lot I. That lodging or dwelling house in the 
Head of the Canongate, lately possessed by Mr Hall, 
thereafter by his widow, being the second story from 
the ground of that tenement of land lying on the north 
side of the Head of the Canongate, above the close 
called the Uppermost Common Close, consisting of 
three rooms and a kitchen, with closets and other 
conveniences, and a workshop formerly used as a 
watchmaker's shop. 

" The lodging is well situated for trade, being in the 
most public place of the Canongate Head, is of very 
easy access, and particularly adapted for a Watch or 
Clock Maker, the front of the house being fitted up as 
a watchmaker's shop, with a Bow window and other 
conveniences, having been used in that way for many 
years." Caledonian Mercury, 7th January 1784. 

HALL, WILLIAM. Eyemouth, 1837. 

HALLIDAY, PETER. Wigton, 1837. 

HALLIDAY, ROBERT. Union Street, Kirkcudbright, 1832. 

HALLIE, THOMAS. Glasgow, 1721. 

HAMILTON, JAMES. New Sneddon, Paisley, 1820. 

HAMILTON, JOHN. Gallowgate, Glasgow, 1783. 





MUSICAL CLOCK, 

In mahogany case. By John Hamilton, Glasgow, 1750-83. 
Shown at the Glasgow Historical Exhibition, 1911. The property 
of William B. Smith, Esq., Glasgow. 

[ To face page 182. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 183 

H ANN AY, WILLIAM. Above the Cross, Paisley, 1805. 

HANNINGTON, WILLIAM. Argyle Street, Glasgow, 
1796; died 22nd February 1812. 

"Watch lost on Tuesday afternoon, a single cased 
Pinchbeck watch, maker's name, Kentish, junr., London, 
on the dial; was left in the Black Bull Inn. It is desired 
that the finder will bring the said watch to Mr Hannington, 
watchmaker, Argyle Street, and they will receive a genteel 
reward." Glasgow Courier, i8th July 1799. 

HARDIE, JAMES. Woodside, Aberdeen, 1846. 

HARDIE, WALTER M. Edinburgh. See page 25. 

HARDY, JOHN. 17 Huxter Row, Aberdeen, 1837. 

HARPER, SAMUEL. Ayr, 1799. 

" Allan Stewart, weaver, Cunninghamhead, served 
Heir General to his sister, Margaret Stewart, wife of 
Samuel Harper, watchmaker, Ayr, dated 7th December 
1799. Recorded ist January 1800." Services of Heirs. 

HARRIS, ALEXANDER. Paisley, 1834. 

"Joanna Harris or Thomson, wife of A. Harris, 
watchmaker, Paisley, served Co-heir of Provision 
General to her aunt, Elizabeth Henry, dated 1st 
February 1841. Recorded 8th February 1841."- 
Seruices of Heirs. 

HARRIS, ROBERT. 63 High Street, Paisley, 1820. 
HARRISON, JOHN DAVID. Edinburgh, 1821. 

Discharged of his indentures by George Skelton, 
nth May 1821. 
HARRISON, JOHN. 16 Salisbury Street, Edinburgh, 1822. 

Possibly the same individual as above. 
HARRISON, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1776. 

Bound apprentice to John Skirving, 28th March 1776. 
HART, JOHN & ROBERT. Glasgow, 1821. 
HARVEY, ALEXANDER. Sanquhar, 1811. 

"GOLD WATCH STOLEN. There was stolen from 
the shop of Alexander Harvey, watchmaker, Sanquhar, 
on Tuesday the 24th curt., a French Horizontal Gold 
Watch, maker's name, Godemars, No. 2105. Whoever 
will bring the said watch to the said A. Harvey, or give 
such information as may lead to its recovery, shall 
receive a reward of Five pounds Sterling." Dumfries 
and Galloway Courier, ist October 181 1. 



184 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

HARVEY, GEORGE. St Ninians, 1805; 80 Baker's Street, 
Stirling, 1834. 

Father of Sir George Harvey, President of the 
Royal Scottish Academy. 

"Lost on the night of Thursday, the I3th curt., 
between the Bridge of Allan and Port of Stirling, a 
silver watch with a steel chain, maker's name, George 
Monro, B.A., Edinburgh. Whoever has found the same, 
on bringing it to George Harvey, watchmaker, Stirling, 
will be handsomely rewarded." Stirling Journal, I7th 
February 1823. 

George Harvey was the maker of an eight-day clock 
that in his time, and even down to the present clay, links 
his name with a most romantic story. Notices of this 
story are to be found in the pages of Chambers 1 s Journal, 
dating more than half a century ago, and even in papers 
of a much more recent date. It has also been made 
the subject of a historical ballad entitled " The Russian 
Emperor and the Sailor's Mother." Briefly, the story 
rests on the adventures of a sailor lad named John 
Duncan, who was apprenticed to Robert Spittal, master 
of a sailing-vessel called the Ann Spittal, of Alloa. He 
was, along with his master, taken prisoner at St 
Petersburg, where he remained till he was set at liberty 
in the year 1804. His liberation was procured by the 
loving exertions of his mother, who, conceiving the idea 
of knitting three pairs of silken stockings for presenta- 
tion to the Russian Emperor, travelled from Stirling to 
Paisley to buy the materials for her presentation. As 
this was a distance of 30 miles, and was travelled on 
foot, the sacrifice of time and trouble makes the incident 
more pathetic. Having finished the articles, and 
enclosing a petition praying for her son's release, she 
contrived to interest the master of a vessel sailing from 
Dysart to convey the parcel to the Emperor. Arriving 
at St Petersburg he succeeded in getting the Emperor's 
physician, Sir David Wylie, who was a native of 
Kincardine-on-Forth, to make the presentation. Sir 
David read the letter and translated its purport to the 
Emperor, and this, coupled with the extraordinary 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 185 

nature of the gift, had the desired effect. The sailor 
lad was immediately released, and in recognition of his 
mother's gift, was given a purse of gold to take to her 
from the Emperor. Reunited to her son and proud of 
the success of her efforts, she resolved to have in her 
lowly home some memorial to mark the happy event. 
She gave George Harvey, who was at this date in 
St Ninian's the village where she resided an order 
for an eight-day clock, stipulating that on the dial 
scenes should be depicted giving the principal events 
of the story. It afterwards became located in the village 
of Dunning in Perthshire, but how long it remained there 
has not transpired. Eventually it was brought to Edin- 
burgh, where it was disposed of by auction at least twice 
this century, the last time being at the sale of the late 
Mr Allan's effects at his house, Belleville Lodge, Blacket 
Place, on 2ist November 1917, when it brought 46, 45. 
HARVEY, WILLIAM. Stirling, 1834; died 1883. Son of 
above. 

" Late on the night of Monday last, or early on the 
morning of Tuesday, the shop of Mr William Harvey, 
watchmaker, Baker Street, Stirling, was entered at the 
back part of the premises, by breaking through some 
brickwork below a window looking into the back shop, 
and a great deal of valuable property carried away. It 
would appear that the thieves, before attacking the brick- 
work, had first attempted the window by breaking two 
panes, but finding the shutter on the inside strongly 
bound with iron, they abandoned this mode of effecting 
an entrance. It would also appear that on entering the 
shop they had, by means of an iron chisel, endeavoured 
to force the lock of an iron safe, where the greater part 
of Mr Harvey's valuable stock was deposited, and that, 
having failed in effecting their purpose, they broke the 
lid by means of a hammer or some such powerful 
instrument, and abstracted from the safe five new gold 
watches, twenty-two new silver watches, about ten 
second-hand ones, two silver snuff-boxes, nine pounds 
in money, and a few other valuable articles. This 
extensive robbery appears to have been committed 
with no small degree of deliberation, for, on the shop 
being entered in the morning, they appear to have very 



186 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 



carefully selected their booty from a number of less 
valuable articles, which were found strewed on the floor. 
A candle, nearly burned, was also found, and was no 
doubt used for the purpose of carrying their intentions 
more completely into effect. Such a clue to the thieves 
has been discovered as leaves no doubt of their being 
very speedily brought to justice." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 7th May 1836. 

HAUGHTON, JOHN. New Castleton, 1836. 

HAY, ANDREW. Edinburgh, 1777. 

Bound apprentice to Alexander Dickie, pth August 

1777. 

HAY, JAMES. East Street, Inverness, 1793. 

" SHOP-BREAKING AND THEFT. On the night of 
Wednesday the 8th of January curt., some evil-disposed 
person or persons broke into the shop of James Hay, 
watchmaker, on the East Street of the burgh of 
Inverness, and carried off from thence the following 
watches : 



A silver watch, maker's name, H. Butt, London 
One B. Hosken 



No. 
8229 

H389 
1701 
1815 
4588 

15305 
129 

12744 
9006 

1109 



One T. Parsons 

One Geo. Clarke 

One T. Grafton 

One J. Thomson 

One K. M'Lennan 

One Geo. Clarke 

One Thos. Sykes 

One large watch of the old kind, Michl. Johnson, no value. 

One silver watch cap'd, Benj. Taylor, London . 

One silver watch in pieces that lay in a spale box with 
the verge broke, as also the cases and steel chain 
belonging to the said watch. And a small gold watch, 
box and case in one, with a small cord and key and 
no number thereon. Besides a variety of tools used 
in making and repairing of watches. 

" It is entreated that if any of the above articles are 
exposed to sale that the same will be stopped and 
information sent to Simon Fraser, procurator-fiscal of 
the Sheriff Court of Inverness, who hereby engages to 
pay ten guineas to any one that apprehends the person 
or persons concerned in said shop-breaking and theft 
upon their conviction."- Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
28th January 1793. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 187 

HAY, JOHN. Waterloo Buildings, Leith, 1822. 

" Begs respectfully to intimate to his numerous 
friends and the public that his stock of watches is at 
present very complete and extensive, comprehending 
Duplex Improved Lever, horizontal and. plain move- 
ments, upon the most approved principles, in gold and 
silver cases." Edinburgh Observer, 22nd June 1822. 

HAY, PETER. 39 Leith Street, Edinburgh, 1850. 
HAY, THOMAS. Kelso, 1814. 

"WATCH LOST. There was lost in College Wynd, 
Edinburgh, on Wednesday, a silver hunting watch, small 
glass, maker's name, Thomas Hay, Kelso, No. 40, with 
an orange ribbon, gold ring, and brass key. Information 
has been lodged with all the watchmakers should it be 
presented for sale. Whoever will bring it to the 
Courant office will be liberally rewarded." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 2Qth January 1814. 

HEARNE, E. Chalmers Close, Edinburgh, 1850. 

HEITZMAN, JOHN. Links, Kirkcaldy, 1837. 

HENCHER, THOMAS. Musselburgh, 1776. 

HENDERSON, EBENEZER, LL.D. Dunfermline, 1826. 

This gentleman perhaps is best known by his 
writings, his book, Annals of Dunfermline, being the 
standard history of that town. He was, in addition, a 
clever mechanic and constructor of astronomical and 
other forms of time-keepers. The following description 
of two of his productions are extracted from his book : 

" The ORREY was a small machine, contained in a 
box of twelve sides corresponding to the twelve signs of 
the Ecliptic, which supported a brass ring on which were 
engraven the signs and degrees of the Ecliptic, days of 
month, etc. It exhibited the rotation of the sun on its 
inclined axis on 25 days 6 hours, the solar and sidereal 
rotation of the earth, on its inclined axis, and its 
revolution round the sun in 365 days, 5 hours, 48 
minutes, 57 seconds, of the synodic revolution of the 
moon in 29 days, 12 hours, 45 minutes, and of the 
Nodes of her Orbit in 18 years, 224 days, and conse- 
quently all the eclipses of the sun and moon. The 
Orrey contained 21 wheels and 5 pinions and was 12 
inches in diameter and 7 inches deep. 



188 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

"ASTRONOMICAL CLOCK, was constructed of brass 
wheels and steel pinions, mounted in a mahogany case 
of about seven feet in height, and exhibited the following 
astronomical particulars, viz., the seconds, the minutes, 
the hours, day of the month, day of the sun entering the 
sign of the Zodiac, the time of the rising and setting of 
the sun throughout the year, with the different length of 
the days and nights, the age and phases of the Moon ; 
the apparent diurnal revolution of the Sun and Moon, 
the ebb and flow of the tides and times of their 
occurrence, solar and sidereal time. 

" The ring on which the latter was shown had the 
necessary motion of a revolution on its axis, in 25-920 
solar or 25-868 sidereal years, and hence supposing the 
clock to keep in motion for, say, 200 years, the sidereal 
and solar motions would be indicated on the dial plate 
with great precision. The 'clock contained 32 wheels 
and 7 pinions, and is now in Liverpool." 

HENDERSON, FRANCIS. Musselburgh, 1790. 

" Stolen on Tuesday, June 29, from the house of 
Alexander Clark in Tranent, a silver watch, maker's 
name, David Allan, London, No. 5232. Whoever will 
bring the same to Francis Henderson, watchmaker, 
Musselburgh, shall be handsomely rewarded and no 
questions asked. It is entreated that said watch may 
be stopt if offered for sale and notice given as above." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, I5th July 1790. 

HENDERSON, FRANCIS. West Port, Edinburgh, 1794. 

HENDERSON, GEORGE. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1762. 

Booked apprentice to James Panton, Canongate, 6th 
April 1762. 

HENDERSON, JOHN. Kirk Gate, Dunfermline, 1820. 

HENDERSON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1795-1808. 

" Bound apprentice to David Murray, i6th May 1795. 
Compeared on 29th October, and presented his essay, 
being a watch movement, begun, made, and finished in 
the shop of James Ramage, in presence of him and 
Robert Green, essay masters, as they declared, etc 
And in respect of the absence of Andrew Wilson, 
one of the essay masters, he was fined six shillings and 
eightpence." E. H. Records. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 189 

" His Majesty has been pleased to appoint Mr John 
Henderson, watchmaker in Edinburgh, to be his clock 
and watch maker in Scotland, in room of James Gray, 
deceased." Edinburgh Evening Courant, I2th March 
1808. 

HENDERSON, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1750. 

HENDERSON, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1760. 

Booked apprentice to William Nicol, 1st May 
1760. 

HENDERSON, WILLIAM. 32 Nethergate, Dundee, 1850 
HENRY, JAMES. Keith, 1837. 

HEPBURN, JOHN. Perth, 1769. 

Apprenticed to James Greig. 

HERBERT, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1785-91. 

Bound apprentice to Brown & Skelton, 2Oth 
September 1785. Discharged of his indentures by 
George Skelton, October 1791. 

HERON, ERSKINE. Edinburgh, 1752. 

Booked apprentice to George Monro, Canongate, 
20th September 1752. 

HERON, JAMES. William Street, Greenock, 1836. 

HERON, JOHN, i Square, Greenock, 1797-1822. 

" ONE GUINEA REWARD. There was stolen out of 
a house in Port Glasgow, a watch with a tortoise-shell 
outer case, having the figure of Hope leaning on an 
anchor and pointing to a ship, painted on the back. 
The inner case was silver, and the maker's name, 
Churchill, London, No. 7730. Whoever can give any 
information of the said watch will please apply to Mr 
John Heron, watchmaker, Greenock." Glasgow Courier, 
1 3th May 1797. 

HERON & SON. i William Street, Greenock, 1836. 
HEWIT, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1816. 

Apprenticed to Charles Clark, loth August 1816. 



190 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

HILL, DAVID. Edinburgh, 1761-79. 

" Booked apprentice to Andrew Dickie, 7th February 
1761. On 1st May 1779 a petition was read from 
David Hill setting forth that his indentures were lost, 
but that he had served his time with Andrew Dickie, 
with whom he was bound in the year 1761, afterwards 
with Daniel Binny, and therefore craving that the 
Incorporation would authorise the said Daniel Binny 
to discharge him, so as to entitle him to the freedom. 
Which was refused in respect of several of the members 
declaring that it consisted with their knowledge that he 
ran off from his master and did not implement the 
indentures." 

2Afth July 1779. "Anent the petition of the watch- 
makers against David Hill, an unfreeman, for carrying 
on the trade of watchmaking within their priviledges, 
the Deacon, Robert Clidsdale, and Treasurer were 
authorized to bring a complaint against him before the 
Magistrates." E. H. Records. 

HILL, GEORGE. Bo'ness, 1844. 

HILL, GEORGE. Whitburn or Whiteburn, 1836. 

HILL, THOMAS. Kilbride, 1836. 

HIND, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1823. 

Apprenticed to Robert Bryson, 5th May 1823. 

HINMERS, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1779-1809. 

" Bound apprentice to John Cleland, 22nd June 1779. 
Discharged of his indentures by Mrs Cleland, I5th June 
1786. Compeared on 28th January 1797 and presented 
his essay, being a watch movement begun, made, and 
finished in his own shop in presence of Robert Cairnton, 
landlord, Ebenezer Annan, George Skelton, and James 
Howden, as they declared, etc." E. H. Records. 

" CLOCK AND WATCH MAKING. Robert Hinmers, 
late superintendent to the business of Mrs Cleland (q.v.), 
watchmaker, High Street, Edinburgh, most respectfully 
begs to inform the public that he has commenced 
business in the watch and clock making line on his own 
account, in that shop lately possessed by Mr Laing, 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 191 

saddler, being No. 39 South Bridge, nearly opposite 
Adams Square, where he has laid in a neat assortment 
of Clocks, Watches, Chains, Seals, etc. 

" R. H. flatters himself that from his long experience 
in the profession, and having given satisfaction to those 
whose work he had under his inspection when with Mrs 
Cleland, he will obtain a share of public favour which it 
will be his constant study to merit." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 6th June 1796. 

Admitted a member of Lodge St David, Edinburgh, 

ist December 1800. 
HISLOP, ADAM. Biggar; died 7th June 1827, aged 74 

years. 
HISLOP, ALEXANDER. 77 Cathcart Street, Greenock, 

1821. 

HISLOP, ALEXANDER. Glasgow, 1823. 

HISLOP, JOHN. Peebles, 1836; died I2th June 1856, 
aged 76 years. 

" Clock and Watch Maker, has on hand an extensive 
stock of new and second-hand Lever, Horizontal, 
and Vertical Watches, in silver cases of the finest quality 
and newest fashion. All of which will be sold con- 
siderably below the usual prices, and at the same time 
warranted to give the best satisfaction in their perform- 
ance. The greatest attention paid to clock and watch 
repairs. Orders from the country punctually attended 
to." Peeblesshire Monthly Advertiser, 1845. 

HODGE, CHARLES. Edinburgh, 1752-59. 

Son to John Hodge, wright, in New Town of Sauchie ; 
booked apprentice to Andrew Dickie, i8th November 
1752; discharged of his indentures, I7th November 
1759- 

HODGSON, JOHN. High Street, Annan, 1837. 

HODGSON, ROBERT & SON. High Street, Annan, 1820. 

HOG, CHARLES. Prestonpans, 1788. 

" A silver watch lost betwixt Edinburgh and Preston- 
pans, maker's name, Saml. Bayley, No. 1371. Any 
person finding the same and returning it to Mr Charles 
Hog, watchmaker, Prestonpans, or Mr Daniel Douglas, 
spirit dealer, Potterrow, Edinburgh, will be handsomely 



192 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

rewarded. If a watch of the above description be 
offered for sale to watchmakers or others it is entreated 
they will stop it and give information as above."- 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, nth July 1788. 

HOG, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1698. 

Son to James Hog, late bailie in Dalkeith ; booked 
apprentice to Andrew Brown, i/th September 1698. 

HOGARTH, THOMAS. Church Street, Berwick-on-Tweed, 
1806-22. 

HOGG, ALEXANDER. Haddington, 1790. 
HOGG, JAMES. Gifford, 1837. 

HOME, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1766. 

" Robert Home at his shop in the Parliament Close, 
Edinburgh, sells the late invented Lunar and Calendar 
Watch Key, and the Ass skin memorandum books, both 
made by patent. The former ingenious and useful, the 
latter preferable to any ivory or any thing formerly used 
in that way, as the writing either by ink or pencil is 
easily rubbed off and a dry cloth restores the leaves to 
the same gloss as before. He continues to sell a variety 
of Sheffield, Birmingham, and London hardware goods, 
and makes all sorts of turnery work in ivory or wood at 
the most reasonable rates." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
I7th February 1766. 

HONDERWOOD, JAMES. Main Street, Ayr, 1820. 
HOOD, GEORGE. Colinsburgh, Fife, 1840-55. 

HOOD, JOHN. Cupar-Fife, 1840-88. 

For many years one of the magistrates of Cupar. 
He died in 1888 at the age of 72 years. 

"John Hood, Clock and Watch Maker, Bonnygate, 
Cupar-Fife, begs to acquaint the inhabitants of Cupar 
and the surrounding towns and country, that he has 
taken that shop in the Bonnygate belonging to Mrs 
Boyd, where he will carry on the above business in all 
its departments, and hopes from the intimate knowledge 
he has acquired of the Trade (having been for the last 
three years under the immediate instruction of that 
eminent workman, Mr R. S. Rentzsch, watchmaker to 
the Queen and Royal Family, London), to merit a share 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 193 

of public patronage. J. H. also begs to intimate that he 
intends beginning a watch and clock club as soon as a 
sufficient number of subscribers comes forward. 

" N.B. Watches and clocks of every description 
made and repaired." Fifeshire Journal, I2th November 
1840. 

HOOD, WILLIAM. Tarbolton, 1843. 

" William Hood, Tarbolton, watchmaker, served Heir 
of Line and Conquest General to his father, William 
Hood, labourer there, dated 29th September 1843. 
Recorded 3rd October 1843." Services of Heirs. 

HOPE, HUGH. Dumfries, 1758-1828. 

Son of Charles Hope, late barber in Edinburgh ; 
bound apprentice to Daniel Binny, 29th December 1758 ; 
believed to have commenced business in Dumfries about 
1770, which he continued until 1828, when he died, aged 
83 years. 

" Hugh Hope, watchmaker in Dumfries, served 
Co-heir of Provision General to his grandfather, Alex- 
ander Hope, Tailor in Edinburgh, dated 6th November 
1 80 1. Recorded I4th November 1801." Services of 
Heirs. 

HOPTON, ANTHONY and MATTHEW. Edinburgh, 1799- 
1817. 

Were wooden clockmakers and evidently brothers, 
though occupying different premises, Anthony being 
located at the back of the Fountain Well, while Matthew 
was in the Lawnmarket. They were in business from 
1799 up to 1817 or thereabout, and along with another 
maker they enjoyed a monopoly of the manufacture of 
these humble though useful articles here. Probably 
they were of German descent, as a James Knie Hopton 
succeeds to the business of a Baltshazar Knie (q.v.), who 
was one of the first barometer makers in Edinburgh, and 
a German. He is described as a grandson of this man, 
and as the business was in the Lawnmarket, we surmise 
that they were closely related. A son of Anthony, 
named John, carried on the business at 329 Lawnmarket 
up to 1850. 

N 



194 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

HOPTON, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1826-50. 

" German Wooden Clock Warehouse, 22 Greenside 
Street, Edinburgh. James Hopton respectfully informs 
his friends and the public that he has just received by 
the Frankfort Packet a new and elegant assortment of 
German clocks, in great variety, which he will warrant 
to go well. As his present stock comprises upwards of 
400 clocks, he will dispose of them on moderate terms. 
German clocks of all kinds cleaned and repaired. 

"TV;^. The old establishment at 46 West Bow 
continued as formerly." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
23rd November 1826. 

HORN, ALEXANDER. Fyvie, about 1825. 

A self-taught clockmaker who made several fine clocks. 

HOURSTON, WILLIAM. Albert Street, Kirkwall, Orkney, 

1845- 
HOUSTON, JAMES. 59 High Street, Johnstone, 1836. 

HOW, ANDREW. Kilbarchan, 1700. 

6th April 1700. " Andrew How of Kilbarchan under- 
takes to provide a new pendulum clock for the Tolbooth 
and paint the dial of the same for 12." Burgh Records 
of Dumbarton. 

HOWDEN, JAMES, sen. Edinburgh, 1764-1809. 

Afth August 1764. " Booked apprentice to Alexander 
Farquharson." 

3O/// January 1768. " The Incorporation, with consent 
of Alexander Farquharson, agreed that James Howden 
should serve out the remainder of his indenture with 
James Cowan." 

2nd November 1771. "Discharged of his indenture 
by James Cowan." 

4th November 1775. " Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a watch movement, begun, made, and 
finished in his own shop, in presence of James Cowan, 
landlord, Samuel Brown and Thomas Letham, essay 
masters, as they declared, etc." E. H. Records. 

This maker, by the excellence of his production, 
soon formed a large and lucrative connection, which he 
handed on to his sons on his retirement in 1809. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 195 

Probably there was not a better known business in 
Edinburgh at the beginning of the nineteenth century 
than that of James Hovvden, Hunter Square, and the 
following advertisements are only a few of the many 
that appeared in the local newspapers, 1 but they convey 
the popularity of the firm and the changes that occurred 
during his business career : 

" Lost betwixt the foot of Canongate and the Old 
Playhouse Close the 2Oth of last month, a plain gold 
watch, maker's name, Jos. Soley, London, No. 129. 
Any person who will bring the same to James Howden, 
Parliament Square, shall be handsomely rewarded." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 1st December 1781. 

" Lost a gold watch on the Qth curt., maker's name, 
William Clarke, Greenock, No. 150. If offered to any 
watchmaker it is begged it will be retained, or if 
delivered to Mr James Howden, Hunter Square, a 
handsome reward will be given and no questions asked." 
Ibid., 1 5th August 1805. 

"James Howden, watch and clock maker, Hunter 
Square, begs leave to acquaint his numerous customers 
that besides his former accommodation he now occupies 
that part of his present shop lately possessed by his 
brother, and that he is assisted in the operative 
departments of his business by his son, who has been 
bred under one of the most eminent watchmakers in 
London, and flatters himself by having added also 
largely to his former stock he will have it in his power 
to give complete satisfaction to his employers." 
Edinburgh Advertiser, nth June 1805. 

"James Howden, 3 Hunter Square, Edinburgh, in 
returning his warmest thanks to the numerous class of 
friends and customers who have so steadily patronised 
him in business for a long series of years, begs leave to 
intimate to them and the public that he retired from 
business in December last (1808), and that the shop 
occupied by him since that time has been possessed by 
his sons James and William Howden, the former as 
watchmaker, the latter as jeweller "and silversmith. 
They have been bred to their several professions under 
the first masters in London, and being fully confident 
of their strictest attention and assiduity he presumes to 

1 Especially those relating to articles lost. 



196 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

solicit on their behalf a continuation of that patronage 
with which he has so liberally been favoured." 

"James Howden, Watchmaker, and William Hovvden, 
Jeweller and Silversmith, respectfully beg leave to 
announce that their stock of watches and jewellery, etc., 
is complete, and will be found at all times various and 
extensive and of the best quality. They hope by an 
unremitting superintendence to every particular of their 
concerns to merit a share of the public favour." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 22nd April 1809. 

Died on iSth January 1810 at his house, Borough- 
muirhead, Edinburgh. 

HOWDEN, JAMES, jun., F.R.S.E. Edinburgh, 1781-1842. 

" Son of James Howden, sen. ; compeared on 29th 
October 1808, and presented a petition craving to be 
admitted a freeman clock and watch maker in right of 
his father if found qualified, the prayer of which was 
granted, and his essay, a watch movement, to be 
produced at next quarter. He paid six pounds as the 
first moiety of his entry money." 

28^/2 January 1809. "James Howden, jun., being 
unwell, and this day being the day on which he was to 
produce his essay, it was accordingly produced by James 
Howden, sen., his father, being a watch movement 
begun and finished in his father's shop, in presence of 
the said James Howden, landlord, and Robert Green, 
Thomas Chalmers, and William Auld, essay masters, as 
they declared, etc. Owing to his non-appearance he 
was not formally admitted a freeman of the Incorpora- 
tion of Hammermen until 24th April 1809." E. H. 
Records. 

As noted before, he and his brother succeeded to 
the business of the father at the end of the year 1808. 
Large and flourishing as the connection was when taken 
over, they soon made it even more so, and two changes 
in the location of their shop the last being to the New 
Buildings, North Bridge finally made their establish- 
ment one of the foremost in the city. A selection of 
advertisements dealing with these changes are now 
given, and as affording a glimpse of the select and high- 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 197 

class nature of their business, no mention is to be found 
of the stock phrases of a number of their contemporaries, 
such as " moderate prices," " cheap," or " below cost 
price," etc., showing that the quality of their goods 
combined with their reputation was enough. 

"James Howden, watchmaker, and William Howden, 
jeweller and silversmith, 3 Hunter Square, respectfully 
beg leave to announce that their stock of watches and 
jewellery and silver plate, cutlery, etc., is now complete ; 
and as their stock of the above and every article 
connected with the line of business will be found at all 
times various and extensive and of the best quality, they 
hope by an unremitting superintendence to every 
particular of their concerns to merit a share of the public 
favour." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 1 8th March 1809. 

"J. and W. Howden & Co. beg leave to intimate 
their removal from Hunter Square to No. 9 South 
Bridge, nearly opposite their former shop, which they 
have this day opened with a new and elegant stock of 
goods in watches, jewellery, and silver plate, and where 
they solicit the inspection and patronage of their friends 
and the public. 

" N.B. The watchmaking part of the business will 
be conducted as formerly, part of the premises having 
been fitted up for the accommodation of the workmen." 
Ibid., 23rd July 1814. 

"James Howden, surviving partner of the late firm 
of J. & W. Howden, takes the liberty of informing his 
friends and the public that he has now removed from 
9 South Bridge to that large and elegant shop, No. 
56 New Buildings, North Bridge Street, where he 
continues to carry on the business as formerly in all 
its branches. J. H. has also the opportunity by the 
extent of his premises, and it will be found by the 
arrangements which he has made that the watch 
making and watch repairing department of the business 
will be so conducted as to render this one of the best 
establishments in town. J. H. begs to return his most 
sincere thanks for the patronage he has hitherto enjoyed, 
and trusts that the same support will be continued 
to him which was experienced by the late copartnery." 
Ibid. y 24th June 1824. 

"James Howden, Jeweller and Watchmaker, 56 
New Buildings, North Bridge Street, begs respectfully 



198 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

to intimate to his friends and the public that he has 
assumed as partner Mr William Brown, who has for 
several years been his assistant in the business, which 
will in future be carried on under the firm of James 
Howden & Company. In announcing this arrangement, 
James Howden would at the same time acknowledge 
most gratefully the liberal patronage with which he has 
hitherto been honoured, and humbly solicits a con- 
tinuance of it under the new firm." Ibid., 5th January 
1828. 

HOWDEN, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1824-32. 

Probably a cousin of above. Advertises on I2th 
August 1824: "he respectfully intimates the completion 
of extensive alterations on his shop, No. 9 Waterloo 
Place, and his daily receiving the newest patterns of 
silver and plated goods and watches from the best 
makers, which, having been purchased with ready 
money, he is enabled to sell at the lowest price." 

HOWIE OR HOW, ALLAN. Irvine, 1774. 
HOWIESON, GEORGE. Crosscauseway, Edinburgh, 1794. 
HOWIESON, JOHN. George Street, Perth, 1808-22. 

" There was stolen from the waiting-room, George 
Inn, Perth, a silver watch, maker's name, John Howieson, 
Perth, No. 101. Should the watch be offered for sale 
it is hoped that it will be stopped and notice given to 
Mr Howieson, watchmaker, Perth." Edinburgh Even- 
ing Courant^ nth May 1809. 

HOY, THOMAS. Kesso (? Kelso), about 1778. 
HUDSON, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1746. 

Where this individual belonged to we have not been 
able to discover probably he hailed from London 
but his appearance in Edinburgh so early after the 
episode of " Prince Charlie's " rising shows the com- 
parative quiet that prevailed throughout the country, 
lie seems to have been one of a class of clever 
mechanics and craftsmen whom no difficulty could 
daunt, and so we find during all the eighteenth century 
and part of the nineteenth men such as he visiting 
all the busy centres, with examples of their own 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 199 

work, with the purpose of earning a livelihood by 
their exhibition. Hudson's announcement of his 
exhibits is a strange mixture of fact and fancy, but 
was well calculated to draw the attention of our worthy 
citizens, who delighted in viewing such productions. 

" It is too common a mistake that persons even 
of a superior rank are made bubbles of and cheated 
of their money by impostors. Among the many 
bad effects that are consequential to this, it is not 
the least that Arts are discouraged and the ingenious 
ranked with those pests of Society. Instances of this 
kind are fresh in every one's mind, nor need they be 
repeated. But in justice to the public, as well as to 
endeavour to correct the false taste which prevails, 
advertisement is hereby made that there is arrived 
in Edinburgh one of the greatest curiosities that 
perhaps human art has produced. 

" It is a musical clock of surpassing magnificence, 
but still to be more admired for its various movements. 
It plays finely on the Organ, German Flute, and 
imitates the notes of a variety of singing birds; it 
represents the Ptolemaick as well as the true solar 
system. There are paintings of an elegance not to 
be expressed ; but what strikes the spectator most by 
the movements of the clock they all move to and play 
on different musical instruments and beat exact time. 
You see Apollo and the nine muses in a concert ; 
Orpheus charming the wild beasts in a forest all 
moving in a manner extraordinar to describe. You see 
a carpenter's yard, the sawyers at work, coal engines, 
etc. ; and, to conclude this little sketch of such an 
admirable piece of art, you see the ocean at a distance, 
ships sailing and diminishing by degrees, porpoises 
tumbling in the sea ; a fresh-water pond, swans feathering 
themselves and fishing, the sport of the dog and duck ; a 
landscape where you view wheel-carriages passing and 
repassing, with other curiosities too tedious to mention. 
As all these many performances are the effect of art 
alone, the public will imagine the vast expense in finish- 
ing such a machine. The maker and proprietor, William 
Hudson, will show it to the curious at one shilling 
the front seats, and sixpence those backwards, any time 
through the day. He lives in Niddry's Wynd, opposite 
to Mary's Chapel. He has likewise an Orrery, the first 



200 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

ever finished in England, complete and large, which 
he proposes to dispose of. A description would be 
needless, as the ' Literari ' are only judges. He will 
show it any time when desired." Caledonian Mercury ', 
20th March 1746. 

HUE, JAMES, jun. Edinburgh, 1741. 

The advertisement that follows is interesting, for 
it has been a somewhat disputed point as to whether 
there were any one in Edinburgh able to execute 
the lacquering of clock cases, etc., or not. Generally 
put down as being the production of the Chinese or 
Japanese, although there were a large number which 
must have been decorated in London, James Hue's 
announcement makes it pretty certain that there was 
at least one (who lived at the best period of this class 
of work) qualified to carry it out in Scotland. 

" James Hue, jun., Gilder, at the sign of the Eagle, 
immediately within the Netherbow Port, Edinburgh, 
gilds and japans after the newest form and genteelest 
fashion all sorts of joiner's work, such as clock cases, 
corner cupboards, dressing boxes, tea-tables, all at very 
easy rates." Caledonian Mercury, 3ist March 1741. 

HUME, JOHN. Horse Market, Kelso, 1836. 

HUNTER, ALEXANDER. New Cumnock, 1837. 

HUNTER, GEORGE WILLIAM. Perth, 1789. 

Apprenticed to Alexander M'Farlane, Perth. 

HUNTER, JOHN. Dunfermline, 1790-1812. 

Tailor by trade ; made an Astronomical Clock, which 
is described in Henderson's Annals of Dunfermline : 

:c The frame and axles of the wheels were made 
of wood, and also the dial, on which were 24 hours, 
and a number of indexes or hands. It showed the 
minutes and hours of the day and night, the rising 
and setting of the sun, the daily motion of the moon, 
the rise and fall of the tides at Limekilns, and the 
day of the month. From 1790 being scratched on 
the works, it would seem to have been made this 
year. He also made a hand machine to show the 
tides and predict them, and like the clock, most of the 
wheels were made of very large coat buttons of the 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 201 

period. He also used such buttons to make the wheels 
of clocks in his clockmaking operations, of which he 
made several. He died at an advanced age in 1812." 

HUNTER, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1824. 

Apprenticed to Lawson & Millar, i;th May 1824. 

HUNTER, NATHAN. Dock Head, Port Glasgow, 1820-36 
(also Postmaster). 

HUNTER, PETER. Edinburgh, 1794-1822. 

" Found a gold watch case. Whoever can prove 
it their property will please apply to Mr Peter Hunter, 
watchmaker, Crichton Street, Edinburgh." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 2 1st July 1806. 

HUNTER, PETER. Alloa, 1786. 

HUNTER, PETER. 13 Frederick Street, Edinburgh, 1846. 
HUNTER, ROBERT. Newtown, Girvan, 1820. 
HUNTER, WILLIAM. Campbeltown, 1803-34. 

Began business in 1803, and was succeeded in 1834 

by his son, also named William, whose son Thomas 

still continues the business. 

HUNTER, WILLIAM. Bridge Street, Dunfermline, 1820-46. 

"William Hunter, watchmaker in Dunfermline, 

served Co -heir of Provision General to Catherine 

Bevridge, grocer there, dated I4th January 1846. 

Recorded 2Oth March 1846." Services of Heirs. 

HUNTER, WILLIAM. Stirling, 1807. 
HUSBAND, D. High Street, Kirkcaldy, 1820-37. 

HUTCHISON, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1770-76. 

Booked apprentice to Turnbull & Aitchison, 26th 
June 1770. Discharged of his indentures 26th June 
1776. 

HUTCHISON, GEORGE. Stirling, 1782. 

"That on Thursday, the loth of October curt, there 
came to Stirling a young man who called himself William 
Colquhoun, and said he was a youth of landed property 
near Greenock, but a minor, and that a gentleman in 
the west country whom he named was one of his tutors, 
and that when at home he lived with the said gentleman. 



20-2 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

He bought a new watch from George Hutchison, watch- 
maker, Stirling, the maker's name, Robt. Innes, London, 
No. 6972, a bar movement with a sham repeating 
pendant, with a common steel chain and key, but the 
young man made his elopement without paying the 
watch or tavern bill. He was dressed in a drab duffle 
big coat, a blue undercoat and vest with yellow metal 
buttons, black breeches, and boots. He is dark com- 
plexioned, black hair, a large cocked hat. He rides on 
a small brown horse or mare inclining to a switch tail. 
It is entreated that all watchmakers, jewellers, or others 
who may see the said watch may stop the same and 
inform the Publishers or the said George Hutchison, 
watchmaker in Stirling. 

" N.B. It has been since found out that he goes by 
different names, particularly that of William Gairdner." 
Caledonian Mercury, I2th October 1782. 

HUTCHISON, ROBERT. Douglas, Lanarkshire, 1836. 

HUTTON, GEORGE. Perth, 1780-1800. 

Apprenticed to Joseph Taylor, Perth, 1780. Admitted 
freeman of Perth Hammermen, 1798. 

HUTTON, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1685. 

Son to Henry Hutton in Burntisland ; booked 
apprentice to Richard Mills, I7th December 1685. 

Idem Die. " The house having read and considered 
ane act against those that does not timeously book their 
apprentices, they ordain Richard Mills to pay to the 
boxmaster twenty pound Scots for not booking of 
his apprentice, James Hutton, in the incorporation's 
books in due time, and the boxmaster to be comptable 
for the same, and in the meantime appoint his apprentice 
to be booked." . H. Records. 

HUTTON, JAMES. Portsburgh, Edinburgh, 1764-79. 

$th March 1764. "James Hutton, clock and watch 
maker in Portsburgh, compeared and presented a bill to 
be admitted a clock and watch maker burgess of Ports- 
burgh, which was received and he admitted to an essay, 
and essay masters were appointed to him." 

^rd November 1764. " Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a watch movement without the striking part. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 203 

made in his own shop. William Colville, his landlord, 
Normand Macpherson and Robert White his essay- 
masters, as they declared, etc." E. H. Records. 

" Stolen out of a shop in the West Port, Edinburgh, 
on Friday, nth October, a silver watch with a china 
dial plate. The man who stole the watch 'goes under 

the name of Clerkson, but his real name is James 

Heddie. He is a young man, middle-sized sturdy lad, 
with a bluish coloured short coat, with a large blue 
bonnet, short black hair with coloured stockings drawn 
above his breeches, in appearance like a drover. Who- 
ever can apprehend the above person may acquaint or 
write to James Hutton, watchmaker in Portsburgh of 
Edinburgh, and shall be sufficiently rewarded." Cale- 
donian Mercury -, I4th October 1765. 

HUTTON, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1768-74. 

Bound apprentice to James Cowan, 5th March 1768. 
Discharged of his indentures 22nd April 1774. 

IBACH, ALEXANDER. 14 St David Street, Edinburgh, 1831 
Watchmaker from Geneva. 

" To those ladies or gentlemen in Edinburgh or its 
vicinity who are in possession of French watches, clocks 
and musical boxes, A. Ibach begs most respectfully to 
give notice that he has arrived from Paris to undertake 
the repairing of these articles. A. I. has also an assort- 
ment of Lepine Watches and Musical Boxes imported 
by himself and warranted to go well. Reference in 
Edinburgh to Mr Wilson, 21 George Street, corre- 
spondent of Messrs Vieyres and Aubert in London, and 
Messrs Molinier and Bautte from Geneva." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, I5th October 1831. 

"A. Ibach, watchmaker from Geneva, in returning 
his most sincere thanks to the nobility and gentry for 
their liberal support since his arrival in Edinburgh, begs 
leave to mention that he has removed from St David 
Street, to that more commodious shop, 24 South 
Hanover Street, where he will continue the repairing 
watches of every description, also Musical Boxes." 
Ibid., 2nd June 1832. 

INGLIS, WALTER. Glasgow, 1813. 

INGLIS, WILLIAM. Hope's Land, Canongate, Edinburgh, 
iSu. 



204 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

INGRAM, RICHARD. 156 High Street, Dumfries, 1820-37. 
INGRAM, WILLIAM. 8 New Market Street, Ayr, 1836. 
INGRAM & SON. 106 High Street, Ayr, 1850. 
INGRAM, WILLIAM. St Germain Street, Catrine, 1850. 
INKSTER, HENRY. Stromness, Orkney, 1836. 
INNES, ALEXANDER. Dalkeith, 1783-1824. 

" Lost betwixt Dalkeith and Gilmerton on Monday 
the 2 ist of April current, a small-sized silver watch 
with an enamelled dial, steel chain, and silver seal with 
a pebble stone, maker's name, Thomas Winter, London, 
No. 775. If the same is offered to be sold or repaired, 
it is expected that watchmakers or others into whose 
hands it may come will stop it and acquaint John 
Murdoch, watchmaker, Edinburgh, or Mr Innes, watch- 
maker, Dalkeith, who will give a suitable reward." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 23rd April 1783. 

"Died at Dalkeith on the I3th September 1824, Mr 
Alexander Innes, watchmaker, aged 67 years." Obituary 
notice in Edinburgh Evening Courant, iSth September 
1824. 

INNES, DAVID. Edinburgh, 1785. 

Bound apprentice to Thomas Morgan, 3Oth July 1785. 

INNES, GEORGE. 58 Argyll Street, Glasgow, 1828-41. 

INNES, GEORGE. Aberdeen, 1820; died 22nd May 1842. 
Well known for his attainments as an astronomer 
and a man of general science. 

INNES, WILLIAM. Glasgow, 1825. 

IRVINE, ALEXANDER. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1710-17. 

Admitted freeman clockmaker for his life, Canongate 
Hammermen, 1710. His is the first name occurring in 
the records to receive this freedom. (See below.) 

IRVINE, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1717. 

Son to the deceast Alexander Irvine, clockmaker 
in Canongate ; booked apprentice to Thomas Gordon 
nth April 1717. 

IRVINE, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1799. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 205 

IVORY, JAMES. Dundee, 1762-95. 

22nd September 1767. "Which day James Ivory, 
watchmaker in Dundee, was admitted burgess for 
having paid 50 merks Scots to James Dick, sometime 
treasurer, and having just now paid other 50 merks to 
Henry Geekie, present acting treasurer, in full of his 
freedom." 

" The terms of this entry show that James Ivory had 
no previous claim to admission as a burgess through 
his ancestors, and it distinctly proves that he was the 
first of a family of eminent men who have reflected 
considerable lustre upon Dundee. The name seems to 
be a corrupt form of the Gaelic cognomen Iverach, and 
the family had probably a Highland origin, though the 
locality from whence they sprang is merely a matter of 
conjecture. James Ivory rose to considerable eminence 
as a watchmaker in Dundee, and was entrusted with 
the making of the clock for the steeple of St Andrew's 
Church in the Cowgate. He served frequently as a 
Town Councillor from 1768 till 1789, and it was whilst 
acting in this capacity that his son James, the famous 
mathematician, afterward Sir James Ivory, was appointed 
one of the teachers in the Dundee Academy. James 
Ivory, sen., died previous to 1795." Roll of Eminent 
Burgesses of Dundee. 

IVORY, THOMAS. Dundee, 1795-1825. 

" Thomas Ivory, watchmaker, Dundee, was admitted 
burgess 6th July 1795, by the privilege of the deceased 
James Ivory, his father." 

" Thomas Ivory was the third son of James Ivory, 
watchmaker, and for a considerable time followed the 
same occupation as his father. His talent as a draughts- 
man led him to abandon this calling early in the 
nineteenth century, and to take up the art of engraving, 
and he is believed to have been the first native engraver 
in Dundee. He executed illustrations for an edition 
of Rollin's Ancient History, published in Dundee by 
Francis Ray in 1800. His best known work was a 
set of copy-lines prepared for teaching handwriting 
published in 1811, and long used as a model in the 



206 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Dundee schools. He made the education of the youth 
of Dundee his special study, and it was largely owing 
to his trenchant letters signed * Parens ' in the newspapers 
of the period that important reforms were accomplished 
in the scholastic system with the burgh. He died 
(circa] 1825. His son, Lord Ivory of Session, was 
admitted burgess on the 2ist November 1816, and 
another son, William Ivory, writer, Dundee, was enrolled, 
6th April 1818." Roll of Eminent Burgesses of Dundee. 

JACKSON, ALLAN. Argyle Street, Lochgilphead, 1836. 
JACKSON, JAMES H. Perth, 1828-36. 
J AFFRAY, JOHN. Stirling, 1790. 

"John Jaffray, late watchmaker in Glasgow, now 
in Stirling, to whom certain creditors of James Campbell 
endorsed for behoof of their claims, having now received 
a dividend from the price of the unentailed lands of the 
said James Campbell, those creditors or their repre- 
sentatives will call on John Wilson, one of the town 
clerks of Glasgow, to receive their dividend and sign 
a discharge, etc." Glasgow Mercury ', 28th September 
1790. 

JAFFRAY, WILLIAM. 329 Argyll Street, Glasgow, 1841. 
JAMES, JOHN. Union Place, Edinburgh, 1846. 
JAMESON, GEORGE. Hamilton, 1729. 

" To be sold, several curious sundials engraven on 
brass plates, each plate 20 inches square, containing : 
1st, an horizontal dial 9 inches diameter, having each 
tenth minute with the Meridians and differences of 
longitude of several remarkable places of the world, 
showing the hour of the day in those places ; 2nd, the 
curved lines for showing the length of the day, the 
nth and 2$th of each month, with the Babylonish, 
Jewish, and Roman hours, also the day of the month 
the sun enters into each sign of the Zodiac; 3rd, 
a dial for showing the hour of the night by the moon, 
with the epacts for 19 years placed by it, beginning 
at 1728. Lastly, there is an equation table for each 
5th day of the year. They are calculated for the latitude 
of 56 degrees, and will serve 60 miles further south 
or north with little variation. All done according to 
astronomical rigour by George Jameson at Hamilton. 





MUSICAL CLOCK, 

In elm root case. By Anthony 
Jeeves, Edinburgh, 1774. The pro- 
perty of the Merchant Company, 
Edinburgh. (See p. 207.) 



LONG CASE CLOCK, 

In oak case. By James Cowan, 
Edinburgh, ; { 744*8 1 . Tie! I pro- 
perty ,of irlei Society of Writers to 
tiieSignet. Edinburgh.** (Se,e jx. 89.^) 



[ To face page 206. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 207 

" They are to be seen at Mr Butchers in the Abbey- 
Hill, or at Bailie Jameson, Candlemaker in Canongate- 
Head, his house on the north side of the street." 
Caledonian Mercury ', 28th August 1729. 

JAMESON, JAMES. Castle Street, Stranraer, 1836. 
JAMIESON, JAMES. Main Street, Newton Stewart, 1820. 
JAMIESON, JOHN. Ayr, 1798. 

"John Jamieson, Clock and Watch Maker, Ayr, 
served Heir General to his brother, William Jamieson, 
writer, Edinburgh, dated 3rd October 1798. Recorded, 
ilth October 1798." Services of Heirs. 

JAMIESON, ROBERT. Glasgow, 1838. 
JAMIESON, THOMAS. 79 High Street, Ayr, 1836-50. 
JARDINE, JOHN. Glasgow, 1765-1801. 

" Died at London on Sunday sennight, after a short 
illness, deeply and justly regretted by his numerous 
friends and acquaintances, Mr John Jardine, watch- 
maker, a native of Glasgow, not more distinguished 
through life by great skill and ingenuity in his art 
than by amiable and cheerful disposition and the most 
obliging manner." - - Obituary notice in Edinburgh 
Evening Courant^ 23rd November 1801. 

JARDINE, ROBERT. Hopetoun Street, Bathgate, 1836. 
JEEVES, ANTHONY. Edinburgh, 1744. 

No mention of this maker's name is to be found 
in any of the records of the Hammermen of Edinburgh. 
The only known example of his skill that can so far 
be ascertained has been preserved in or near Edinburgh : 
it is a magnificent chiming clock which plays twelve 
tunes. This really fine clock bears upon the dial 
that it was made by Anthony Jeeves, Musical Clock- 
maker from Oxford, Edinburgh, and likewise a coat 
of arms, and the name Daniel Davidson, for whom 
in all probability it was made. The date 1774 is to 
be found on the end of the barrel that acts on the 
bells, the whole movement and case affording conclusive 
proof of the high constructive ability of this artist. 
It may not be out of place to note that when described 
in the first edition of this volume it was located in 



208 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

the outer lobby of James Gillespie's Schools, but 
attention having been drawn to the danger and incon- 
gruity of such a situation, the Merchant Company, 
who were governors of the schools, removed it to their 
own meeting place, namely, the Merchant's Hall, 
Hanover Street, Edinburgh, where it occupies a 
prominent position in the main staircase of that 
building. 

JERDAN, - . Glasgow, 1754. 

Maker of clock in Greenock Bell House. 

JOHNSON, JOHN. Main Street, Ayr, 1819. 

JOHNSON, ROBERT. High Street, Linlithgow, 1835. 

JOHNSTON, DAVID. Boyd's Close, Canongate, Edinburgh, 

1800. 

JOHNSTON, HUGH. Barrhead, 1836. 

JOHNSTON, JAMES. Portsoy, about 1825-37. 

JOHNSTON, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1785. 

Booked apprentice to Alexander Dickie, 2Oth October 

1785. 

JOHNSTON, JOHN. West Port, Linlithgow, 1820. 
JOHNSTON, JOHN. Peterhead, 1837. 
JOHNSTON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1757. 

Son of Laurence Johnston in Bankhead of Saline ; 
booked apprentice to John Dalgleish, 7th May 1757. 

JOHNSTON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1812. 

Booked apprentice to Reid & Auld, 1st August 1812. 

JOHNSTON, JOHN. Ayr, 1789; died 1st November 1829, 
aged 74 years. 

" Stolen out of the shop of John Johnston, watch- 
maker in Ayr, on Thursday the 2ist or Friday the 22nd 
May 1789, the following silver watches : 

No. 

I new silver watch, Matthew Prior, London . . . 5946 

1 n . . . 5948 

i old James Warne, ,, 18596 

1 James Reid, 2454 

2 new silver watches by James Johnston, Liverpool 

The numbers of the two last were unfortunately 
not taken down, only new come to hand. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 209 

"If any of the above watches are offered to sale it is 
hoped they will be stopped and notice sent to John 
Johnston, Ayr, who will give as a reward a guinea for 
each of the above watches. There is every reason to 
believe that they were stolen by a lad who wrought 
some time in the shop as a clockmaker, who made his 
elopement the day after they were stolen. He called 
himself James Brown and said he belonged to Wolver- 
hampton. He was traced as far as Sanquhar, and was 
offering the watches for sale all that road. As he had 
very little money and supposed to be gone to London 
by the way of Moffat and Carlisle, it is earnestly 
requested that all dealers, particularly on that road, will 
be upon their guard what watches are offered to sale, 
and give information as above, as he must very soon 
have disposed of some of them. Not to be repeated." 
Edinburgh Advertiser, ipth June 1798. 

JOHNSTON, MATTHEW. 2 Davie Street, Edinburgh, 1820. 
JOHNSTON, SAMUEL. Langholm, 1837. 
JOHNSTON, WILLIAM. Trongate, Glasgow, 1847. 
JOHNSTONE, JAMES. Linlithgow, 1830. 
JOHNSTOUN, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1688. 

Son to the deceast Alexander Johnstoun, lister, 

burgess of Edinburgh; booked apprentice to Andrew 

Brown, 3rd May 1688. 
JOHNSTOUN, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1671. 

Booked apprentice to Robert Smith, 1671. 

JOHNSTOUNE, DAVID. Edinburgh, 1679. 

Son to Robert Johnstoune, merchant burgess of 

Stirling ; booked apprentice to Andrew Brown, 27th 

May 1679. 

JUNOR, DANIEL. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1797. 
JUST, GEORGE. Kirkcaldy, 1761. 
KAY, DAVID. Dundee, 1553-76. See Common Clocks of 

Dundee, page 124. 

KAY, JOHN. Aberdeen, 1582. See page 3. 
KEELLER, JOHN. Musselburgh, 1814. 

KEIR, DUNCAN. Stirling, 1706. 

o 



210 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

KEIR, PETER. Falkirk, 1823. 

KEITH, DAVID. Inverness, 1850. 

KEITH, GEORGE. Strathaven ; died 1812. 

KEITH, ROBERT. Forfar, 1819-37. 

KEITH, WILLIAM. 50 High Street, Inverness, 1837. 

KELLY, ANDREW. Glasgow, 1835. 

KELLY, PETER. Edinburgh, 1770. 

Booked apprentice to John Gibson, 9th June 1770. 
KEMPIE, ANDREW. Carr's Croft, Perth, 1837. 
KENNEDY, ALEXANDER. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1753. 
Booked apprentice to James Nicoll, 27th February 

1753- 

KENNEDY, JOHN. Maybole, 1820-37. 
KENNEDY, JOHN, jun. High Street, Maybole, 1837. 
KENNEDY, JOHN. Dalmellington, 1793. 
KENNEDY, THOMAS. I Portland Street, Kilmarnock, 

1837- 

KERR, ALEXANDER. Scotch Street, Annan, 1820. 
KERR, HENRY. Dundee, 1863. See page 24. 
KERR, HENRY. Loanhead, 1850. 

KERR, HENRY. 10 South St James Street, Edinburgh, 
1857. See page 24. 

KERR, JOHN. Saltmarket, Glasgow, 1783. 
KETCHING, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1850. 

KETTLE, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1758-1804.' 

Son of John Kettle, merchant in Leith ; booked 
apprentice to James Duff, 29th December 1758. Dis- 
charged of his indentures I4th December 1764. 
Admitted a freeman clockmaker, Canongate Hammer- 
men, 3 1st October 1774. Died 1804. 

KILGOUR, PATRICK. Aberdeen, 1672-92. See Common 
Clocks of Aberdeen, page 7. 

KILGOUR, PATRICK. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1702. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 211 

KILGOUR, WILLIAM. Glithnow, 1775-1837. 

In the churchyard of Cowie, in the parish of Fetters, 
is a tombstone, an account of which is given in Jervise's 
Epitaphs and Inscriptions : " The inscription (from the 
headstone) relates to a person whose genius lay in 
constructing eight-day clocks, which he made from 
beginning to end, and in being a superior weaver of 
bedcovers and tablecloths. 

"To the memory of William Kilgour, an original 
genius, who exercised the craft of weaver at Glithnow 
for the long period of sixty-two years in the same house. 
He departed this life on the I2th day of March 1837 at 
the advanced age of 86 years. 

BY HIS FRIENDS. 

' Here lyes the man for aught we know 
That lived and died without a foe ; 
Now mould'ring here beneath that clod, 
An honest man th' noblest work of God.'" 

KILPATRICK, GILBERT. Edinburgh, 1767. 

Bound apprentice to Normond Macpherson, I5th 
October 1767. 

KING, ALEXANDER. Peterhead, 1826. 

KING, BENJAMIN. Rose Street, Peterhead, 1846. 

KING, DAVID. Castle Street, Montrose, 1821-51. 

" David King, shoemaker, Montrose, served Heir 
General to his father, David King, watchmaker there, 
dated 5th February 1851. Recorded i8th February 
1851." Services of Heirs. 

KING, DUNCAN. Fore Street, Port Glasgow, 1820. 

KING, JOHN. Aberdeen, 1784. 

KING, JOHN. Montrose, 1840. 

KINNEAR, C. D. Portobello, 1836. 

KINNEAR, CONRAD, Father and Son. Glasgow, 1836. 

" Conrad Kinnear, clock merchant in Glasgow, 
served Heir General to his father, Conrad Kinnear, 
clock merchant there, dated loth October 1840. 
Recorded I4th October 1840." Services of Heirs. 

KINNEAR, J. 475 Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, 1850. 



212 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

KINNEIR, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1774. 

Bound apprentice to John Skirving, I4th September 
1774- 
KIRK, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1648. 

Though this individual never got any further than 
an apprentice and that only for a year, yet his name 
deserves to be remembered not only for his being 
the first indentured to the art after the admission 
of the clockmakers as a branch of the locksmith craft 
in the Incorporation of Hammermen, Edinburgh, but 
also for the extraordinary dispute that cancelled his 
indentures. 

2^t1i March 1648. "James Kirk, sone laufull to 
Robert Kirk, merchand burgess of Edinburgh, buikit 
prentise to Robert Smith, knokmaker, freeman and 
burgess of the said burgh of Edinburgh, conforme to 
ye indentures past betwixt thame, he payit to the 
boxmaister xxs. with the clerk and officer thair dewis 
(duties)." 

6th December 1648. " The qlk day anent the 
supplication given be Helen Fergusonne, spous to 
Robert Kirk, merchand burgess of Edinburgh, upoun 
Robert Smith, knokmaker and freeman burgess of 
Edinburgh, making mention that quhair the said 
Robert Smith did take James Kirk thair sone to be 
his prentice and servant for certane zeiris conforme 
to the indentures past betwixt thame, quharin the 
said Robert Smith band and obligit him to ken, teach, 
learne, and instruct the said James Kirk in the haill 
poyntis, practices, and ingoyings of his airt of knok 
smithis craft, and sould maintane his said prentice 
during the space of his prenticeschip honestlie in 
meat, bed, and board as the said indentures in them 
selfifis at mair length beiris. Notwithstanding thairof 
the said Robert Smith hes keipit the said James Kirk 
his prentice the space of ane zeir preceding the date 
heirof in his service, and hes gotten no insight nor 
learning of his calling, and could not have sufficient 
maintenance for preserving of his lyfe qlkar against 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 213 

all reasone, equity, and conscience, and against the 
heidis of the indentures past betwixt them as the said 
supplication in itself at mair length beiris. 

" Quilk being heard, read, seen, and considderit 
be the Deacone, Maisteris, and haill hous, and they 
being ryplie advisit yairwith, they all in a voice statut 
and ordaine lykas be thir prests. statutis, and ordaines 
that the said Robert Smith sail teach and learne 
the said James Kirk in the haill poyntis, practices, 
and inganes of his said airt of knokmaker craft, and 
sail furnische and sustane him honestlie in meat, bed, 
and boord during the space of his prenteischip, and 
George Smith the said Robert his brother is become 
cautioner for him fulfilling of his pairt of the indentures 
to his said apprenteis, lykwyes the Deacone and haill 
hous statutis and ordaines in cais it sail happine 
the said James Kirk complaine upoun Robert Smith, 
his maister, the said James haveond just reasone and 
caus yairfoir at ony tyme heirefter, then and in that 
cais the Deacone and hous ordaines and be thir prestes 
ordaines the said James Kirk to be Hberat and frie 
fra his said maister service, the fault being noter and 
trouble to the Deacone and hous, injuring the Deacone 
and Maisteris their pleisyre (pleasure)." 

As James Kirk's name does not appear again in 
the Hammermen's Records it is not unlikely that he took 
advantage of the last part of the above minute and 
turned his attention to some other craft. 

KIRK, JOHN. Dalkeith, 1800. 

KIRKCUDBRIGHT Notices regarding the Common 
Clock of the burgh of, from 1576 to 1897. 

" In regard to the history of the old town clock of 
Kirkcudbright, which is undoubtedly one of the oldest 
in the kingdom and which is about to be superseded, 
tradition, avowedly founded on documentary evidence, 
has it that the clock came from Holland. The first 
authentic notice of the town clock, or, as it was then 
quaintly styled, the knok, is to be found in the earliest 
existing records of the Town Council, and is dated 



214 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

1576, wherein, after a narrative of the election of 
magistrates and office-bearers, it is set forth that one 
John Hall is appointed keeper of the knok, and 
subsequently he and others continue to be made 
custodiers of the old timepiece from year to year. 

" The following excerpt from the Council minutes 
shows the existence of a curious regulation, namely, 
that every burgh was bound to maintain and uphold 
a town clock, and from the same excerpt it will be 
seen that in 1642 the question was not one of erecting a 
new clock, but of transferring the old one to a new 
steeple : 

" ' Kirkcudbryt, the first day of January the year of 
God jm vjc fourtie twa, the quilk day the Provest, 
Bailies, and Counsell of the burgh of Kirkcudbryt, with 
advice and consent of the remanent burgess and com- 
mittee of the said burgh, having taken to their serious 
consideration the loss and want of their knok through 
the fault of ane steple and bellhouse, to put their knok 
and bells in (the old Tolbooth quilk of before keipit 
thair knok and bell being ruinous and decayit), and 
having taken into their consideration the necessity 
of ane steple and bellhouse to keep their knok and 
bell qlk is a special ornament belonging to every burgh, 
and qlk they are bound by the ancient laws of this 
kingdom to maintain and uphold, and likewise they 
taking to their serious consideration the decay of their 
common good, and that it is superspendit upon the 
common affairs of this burgh. Therefore the said 
Provest, bailies, and counsell of said burgh, with advice 
and consent of the remanent burgess and committee 
of the said burgh, have all in a voice cheerfully and 
voluntarily offered themselves to be stentit in their 
goods for buying of a piece of ground quhair it may 
be most and best convenient for building of the said 
bellhouse and steeple, and for furnishing of the 
materials and paying of workmen to build the same.' 

" The steeple was shortly afterwards built and the 
knok and bells placed therein, and there the veteran 
timepiece continued to fulfil its destiny under the 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 215 

oversight of a regularly appointed caretaker till 
1723, in which year a serious fire occurred in the 
steeple, by which much damage was done to the clock 
and bells and many old burgh records were destroyed. 

" In those days there was no watch or clock maker 
resident in Kirkcudbright, and the clock was sent to 
Ringford, where there lived a cunning blacksmith 
named Law, who enjoyed locally the reputation of 
being well versed in the art of cleaning clocks and 
watches. This Law, by the way, became the progenitor 
of a celebrated race of clock and watch makers of the 
same name, his nearest living relative being Mr Thomas 
Law, watchmaker, Castle-Douglas. In the Ringford 
smithy the old clock lay for six months before being 
thoroughly overhauled. It was then restored to its 
old quarters and kept jogging on doggedly under the 
charge of several tradesmen, among others Bailie Martin, 
Mr Walker, and Archie Miller, watchmakers, and 
Bailie Law, the artificer of the church clock. 

" Some fifty years ago the old clock, as if it felt that 
having passed the allotted span of horological life it 
was entitled to its otium, became irritable and irregular, 
sometimes chapping the whole twelve hours twice over 
without a pause, as if to exhibit its proficiency in the 
art, and then remaining sullenly silent for hours till at 
last it stopped. The Law family were again appealed 
to in the person of Bailie Law, who, observing that the 
pivot holes were worn out, filled them with hard type- 
metal, and re-bored them. Since then, until recently, 
the clock continued to 'ring out the old, ring in the 
new ' with wonderful regularity, under the doctoring of 
Bailie Law's son, William Law, and his successor, 
Bailie M'Skimming. Latterly, however, various eccen- 
tricities, indicating extreme old age and debility, were 
noticed, fits of absolute coma alternating with sudden 
accessions of unnatural activity, and it had at last to be 
admitted that this great grandfather's clock must now 
be treated as a ' guid auld hes been.' Provost Cowan, 
much to his honour, has commissioned Mr M'Skimming 
to replace it with a splendid new illuminated dial clock, 



216 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

with which, let us hope, the genial provost's name 
will be associated for another 500 years. The auld 
knok finds a fit resting-place in the Stewartry Museum. 

" To the foregoing account Mr W. W. M'Skimming 
adds : * The old clock was made wholly of malleable 
iron, but a good few years back a new brass wheel had 
been put in. It is placed in an old steeple called the 
Old Tolbooth, at the end of the town, and has two dials. 
The clock has no dial work, and the hour is shown by 
a single hand. It only went twenty-four hours, and 
was formerly driven by granite weights. The papers do 
not give it credit for good timekeeping, but my father 
says that since April 1859, when he first took charge of 
it, its performance has been wonderfully correct. It 
was my duty as apprentice to wind it up every morning 
at ten o'clock, but latterly it would not go, for the 
pinions were cut so much that you could put your 
thumb in the holes made by the wheel teeth.'" The 
H or ological Journal, January 1897. 

KIRKLAND, JAMES. Glasgow, 1775. 
KIRKLAND, RICHARD. Port Glasgow, 1783. 

KIRKWOOD, ALEXANDER. 215 High Street Paisley, 
1820. 

" Agnes Allan or Kirkwood in Galston, served Co- 
heir of Provision General to her mother, Elizabeth 
M'Kechnie, wife of A. Kirkwood, watchmaker, Paisley, 
dated iSth May 1824. Recorded 29th May 1824." 
Services of Heirs. 

KIRKWOOD, JAMES. Perth, 1771. 

Granted liberty to exercise his trade as clock and 
watch maker in Perth, 1771. Admitted a freeman 
Perth Hammermen, 1772. 

KIRKWOOD, JOHN. Lauder, 1734. See Common Clock 
of Lauder, page 219. 

KIRKWOOD, JOHN. Redpath, near Melrose, 1798. 
KNIE, BALTHAZAR. Edinburgh, 1774-1817. 

Among the many crafts which were carried on in 
Edinburgh during the eighteenth century, one of the 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 217 

most unique was the manufacture of barometers or 
weather-glasses, as they were then named. Though 
closely allied and partaking somewhat of the trade of 
clockmaking, it never seems, at that period, to have 
had the attention given to it as the latter craft had. 
Probably this was owing to the fact that the principles 
of the barometer and thermometer were unknown, or 
not sufficiently studied, and the introduction of its 
manufacture here is due to foreigners. Although 
nearer the end of the century Scotsmen were beginning 
to turn out barometers of the highest class to name 
one, John Russell (q.v.) of Falkirk yet the introduction 
and use of these useful articles, at least in Edinburgh, 
was due to Balthazar Knie, who settled here in 1774. 
A German by birth, he apparently opened a shop for 
the purpose of exhibiting the marvels of glass-blowing 
and bending. This would infer that this process was 
something of a novelty, which is further increased by an 
announcement in the C our ant : "Friday next being 
the Equinox, Mr Knie desires you to take notice of the 
barometer. If the mercury be marked fair it will be 
fair for some time, but if it is marked rain or changeable 
it will be rain or changeable for some time," and a note 
adds, "that it is worth while for the curious in those 
matters to take notice of it." 

In 1793 a caf d informs us that his shop is situated 
opposite the well, north side of Lawnmarket, and he 
returns his sincere thanks for the patronage he has 
received for the nineteen years he has been in Edinburgh. 
It is rather surprising to find he was still living and 
in business as late as the year 1815. In that year he 
gives out that from the growing infirmities of old age, 
he finds it necessary to dispose of his elegant and 
valuable stock of barometers and thermometers, 
valued at 309, 143. He disposed of it by lottery, and 
his death, occurring on 28th March 1817, removed one 
who was in his day a credit and benefactor to the city. 
His business was carried on for a few years later by 
his grandson, James Knie Hopton, who was related to 
the Hoptons (q.v.), the wooden clockmakers in the 



218 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Lawnmarket. The only specimen of Balthazar Knie's 
weather-glass, of which particulars have reached us, is 
now located in the treasurer's room in the Royal 
Infirmary. Mr Caw states that it is still in complete 
working order, and he has for many years kept a 
record of its performance. 

KNOX, ALEXANDER. Berwick-on-Tweed, 1770. 

KNOX, JAMES. So High Street, Paisley, 1820-36. 

KNOX, ROBERT. 141 High Street, Paisley, 1820-37. 

KNOX, ROBERT. Beith, 1766. 

He appears to have been the chief of the little band 
of clockmakers who flourished in Beith during the 
latter part of the eighteenth century. Several of his 
clocks are still in existence, all of good workmanship 
and still keeping excellent time. As a rule the case 
and hood are of dark mahogany with the scrolled or 
Chippendale pediment, the dial of brass with engraved 
centre and corner pieces, silvered hour circle and seconds 
dial, day of month in square aperture below the hand, 
and the phases of the moon in the arch of the dial. 

One of these clocks has been in the family of Hugh 
Broun of Broadstone for 150 years. In an inventory 
of 1809 it is valued at 2, ios., and in another of 1817 
at 3. 

In 1912 at a sale in Lochwinnoch Parish a Robert 
Knox clock brought 13. 

KNOX, WILLIAM. Paisley, 1780. 
KNOX, WILLIAM. Beith, 1785. 

KULLBERG, VICTOR. 12 Cloudesly Terrace, Islington, 
London. See page 24. 

LAIDLAW, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1799. 

Bound apprentice to James Howden, 1st July 1799. 
LAING, DAVID. Perth, 1767. 

"PERTH COUNCIL HOUSE, yh March 1767. The 
calling considering that David Laing, an unfreeman 
Clock and Watch Maker, has proposed to the calling to 
exercise his trade in the place, without being admitted 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 219 

freeman, and that he has offered to pay twenty shillings 
sterling yearly, yet there are three freemen of the 
calling of that science (in Perth at the date). They by 
a great majority refuse to accept of his offer and appoint 
it to be notified to him that if he exercises his trade 
in the place without the calling's consent they will 
proceed against him as law directs." Perth Hammermen 
Records. 

LA ING, GEORGE. Aberfeldie, 1837. 

See also note on Patrick Robertson, Perth, page 319. 

LAING, JAMES. Mid Street, Keith, 1837. 

LAING, WILLIAM. Fort William, 1837. 

LAIRD, DAVID WHITE. Bridge Street, Leith, 1836-50. 

LAIRD, JAMES. Kilmacolm, 1770. 

LAIRD, JOHN & ANDREW. Delftfield Lane, Glasgow, 1837. 

LAMBERT, PETER. Hyde Hill, Berwick-on-Tweed, 1837. 

LAMOND, J. & Co. 9 Kirkgate, Leith, 1850. 

LAUDER Notices regarding Common Clock of, 1734- 
1859. 

"LAUDER, i^th November 1734. The bailies and 
council having taken into their consideration that the 
clock of the burgh is in great disrepair and very 
insufficient, the same having been visited by John 
Kirkwood, clocksmith at Hardgatehead, have resolved 
that a new clock shall be made by him with the greatest 
expedition and settup in the steiple of the Tolbooth 
"of the said burgh. Qrfore they hereby empower 
and authorise John Moffat and Richard Allan, present 
bailies, to contract with the said John Kirkwood for 
making of a sufficient new clock at a price not exceed- 
ing four hundred merks, for which this shall be their 
warrant, and appoints this to be subscribed by the Clerk 
of Court in their name and presence." 

The following is a copy of the inscription engraved 
on a brass plate attached to the above clock : 

"John Moffat, Bailie, MDCCXXXV., William Lauder, 
Treasurer, John Kirkwood, Fecit. This clock was 



220 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

removed to Mellerstoun, 1859. New one made by 
R. & R. Murray." A. THOMSON, Lander and Lauder- 
dale. 

LAUDER, JAMES. Prestonpans, 1/96. 
LAUDER, JOHN. Prestonpans, about 1790. 
LAULE, T. 4 North Bridge, Edinburgh, 1850. 
LAUSSINE, ESAIUS. Edinburgh, 1595. 
LAW, DAVID. I Croft Street, Kilmarnock, 1837. 
LAW, GEORGE. Peebles, 1808. 
LAW, JAMES. Aberdeen, 1782. 
LAW, JAMES. King Street, Castle-Douglas, 1836. 

LAW, JAMES, son of Robert Law. Castle-Douglas, after 
1830. 

LAW, JOHN. High Street, Kirkcaldy, 1821. 

LAW, JOHN. Beith, 1784. 

LAW, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1795-1842. 

2nd November 1811. " Compeared and presented 
a petition to be admitted a freeman in right of his 
wife, daughter of the late John Morton, smith, member 
of the incorporation. The prayer thereof was granted 
He payed the Treasurer six pounds as the first moiety 
of his entry money." 

\st February 1812. "Compeared and produced his 
essay, a clock movement, begun, made, and finished 
in the shop of James Paterson, landlord, and James 
Howden, Robert Green, and William Thomson, essay 
masters, as they declared, etc. He paid the treasurer 
six pounds, being the second moiety of his entry 
money." E. H. Records. 

He died on the 5th December 1842, at the age 
of seventy-two years, his remains being interred in the 
Old Calton Burying Ground, Edinburgh. 

LAW, ROBERT. Castle-Douglas, 1818-30. 

LAW, . Ringford, Kirkcudbright, 1723. See page 215. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 221 

LAW, SOLOMON. Lantonside, 1748. 

"That there is ready to be published after a long 
and tedious inquiry of eighteen years the discovery of 
the longitude, which may be made plain to any capacity 
in less than half an hour, and taken at the same time 
with the latitude, and with the same or greater certainty 
by Solomon Law, Lantonside, near Dumfries, in Scotland. 
Mr Law, in expectation of the reward provided by 
Act of Parliament and other ways, is now ready to 
make such discovery.'' Edinburgli Evening Courant^ 
ist September 1748. 

LAW, THOMAS. Castle-Douglas. See page 2 15. 
LAW, WILLIAM. High Street, Kirkcudbright, 1820. 
LAW, WILLIAM. High Street, Kirkcudbright, 1836. 
LAW, WILLIAM. High Street, Linlithgow, 1820-37. 
LAWRENCE, GEORGE. Keith, 1837. 
LAWRIE, ARCHIBALD. Portsburgh, Edinburgh, 1720. 
LAWRIE, ARCHIBALD. 

Son of above ; booked apprentice to William Bowie, 
Canongate, 1731. 
LAWS, MICHAEL GRAHAM. Berwick-on-Tweed, 1845. 

LAWSON, CHRISTOPHER. 19 North Bridge, Edinburgh 
1820-37. 

4/// February 1^22. " Compeared and presented a 
petition craving to be admitted a freeman clock and 
watch maker by purchase, and the meeting having 
consented, granted the prayer, and appointed as an essay 
a watch with the movements to be produced at next 
quarter. He paid fifty pounds as the first moiety of 
his entry money. James Paterson, landlord, John Bain, 
and James Clark, essaymaster. Admitted freeman 
in terms as above, 5th May 1823." E. H. Records. 

He died on 22nd April 1837, at 25 St James Square, 
which by a coincidence is the present residence of the 
writer of these notes. See Lawson & Millar. 

LAWSON & MILLAR. 19 North Bridge, Edinburgh, 
1822-25. 

" NOTICE. That business carried on here by the 
subscriber as clock and watch maker, under the firm 



222 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

of Lawson & Millar, was this day dissolved by mutual 
consent. The subscriber, C. Lawson, is authorised to 
receive and discharge the debts due to the concern. 
i8th June 1825 Christopher Lavvson, Richard Millar 
(q.v.)." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 23rd June 1825. 

" INTIMATION. C. Lawson, Clock and Watch Manu- 
facturer, respectfully begs leave to return his sincere 
thanks to his numerous friends and the public for the 
liberal patronage he has enjoyed during the period 
he has been in business, both on his own account and as 
a partner of the late firm of Lawson and Millar, 1 and 
at the same time takes the liberty of intimating that 
he now carries on business on his own account in 
the premises formerly occupied by L. and M., where 
he hopes to meet a continuance of that support which 
he has hitherto enjoyed, and which shall at all times 
be his study to merit. 19 North Bridge, 2ist June 1825." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 23rd June 1825. 

LEADBETTER, ANDREW. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1764. 

Apprenticed to Andrew Clark, Canongate, 29th May 
1764. 

LECK, ROBERT. High Street, Jedburgh, 1837. 

LECK, ROBERT. Mauchline Tower, 1850. 

LECK, WILLIAM. Market Place, Jedburgh, 1837. 

LECKIE, DAVID. Annan, 1800-20. 

LEES . Lecturer on Natural Philosophy in Edinburgh, 

1837- 

" Mr Lees' Duiranian, as we believe it is called, 
consists of two discs, the one eight inches in diameter 
representing the earth, the three feet representing the 
heavens. From the centre or pole of the former are 
drawn diverging lines at every I5th as the projections 
of meridians, while on the latter are drawn sketches 
of the sun, moon, and starry spheres. By a very simple 
combination of wheels and pulleys connected with cords, 
one of these discs is made to revolve on the other, thus 
showing either the real motion of the heavens from east 
to west. The earth is made to carry an index by 
traversing a dial, points out the hours corresponding 
to its own place, while the horizon exhibits the rising, 

1 Richard Millar (q.v.). 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 223 

culminating, and setting of the heavenly bodies with 
the greatest accuracy and distinctness. The great value 
of this instrument, however, consists in its giving at 
one glance the most simple and correct ideas of the 
relation of longitude and time, a subject of fundamental 
importance in the study of astronomy." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 2/th April 1837. 

LEGGET, JOHN. Dunse, 1720. 
LEIGHTON, WALTER. Montrose, 1830. 

LEITCH, DANIEL. Chapel Street, Kincardine-on-Forth, 
1836. 

LEITHEAD, JAMES. Moffat, 1835. 

"James Leithead, watchmaker, Moffat, served Heir 
General to his father, William Leithead, carter there, 
dated 3Oth January 1841. Recorded loth February 1841." 
Services of Heirs. 

LEITHHEAD, JAMES. Channel, Galashiels, 1836. 

LENNOX, EDWARD. Perth, 1783. 

Apprenticed to Joseph Taylor, Perth, 1783. 
LESLIE, J. & P. Kirkcaldy, 1815. 
LESLIE, JOHN. High Street, Kirkcaldy, 1821. 
LESLIE, PETER. High Street, Burntisland, 1837. 
LESLIE, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1775-90. 

"Booked apprentice to Normond Macpherson, 1775." 
4/// February 1786. " Compeared and presented a 
petition craving to be admitted a freeman." 

27/// January 1787. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a plain watch movement, begun and 
finished in his own shop in presence of Robert Aitchison, 
landlord, James Gray, Charles Mollison, and Robert 
Cairnton, essay masters, as they declared, etc. E. H. 
Records. 

" Lost or stolen from a gentleman within these few 
days, betwixt the Theatre Royal and George Square, 
a very handsome plain gold watch, jewelled, maker's 
name, Normand Macpherson, No. 342. Whoever is in 
possession of the above watch upon delivery to 
Mr Leslie, watchmaker, at Macpherson Co. (q.v.) 



224 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

here, shall receive five guineas reward and no questions 
asked. Whoever will give such information as shall 
lead to a discovery of the above watch, upon conviction 
of the offender shall receive from Mr Leslie ten guineas. 
The informer's name concealed if desired." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 8th August 1785. 

LESLIE, THOMAS. Borrowstouness ; died 1788. 
LIDDELL, JAMES. Bathgate, 1825. 
LIDDELL, WILLIAM. Portobello, 1839. 

LIDDELL, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 449 High Street, 1819; 
5 Bank Street, 1822. 

LIDDLE OR LIDDALL & SONS. 5 Bank Street, Edin- 
burgh, 1830-50. 

" REMOVAL AND SALE OF WATCHES AND CLOCKS. 
Liddall & Sons, watchmakers, 5 Bank Street, respectfully 
intimate that they remove at Whitsunday to No. 24 
South Bridge, and will at reduced prices dispose of 
their present extensive stock of watches, clocks, etc." 
Edinburgli Evening Courant, 22nd March 1834. 

" Liddall & Sons, watchmakers, 5 Bank Street, 
return their sincere thanks for the liberal share of 
patronage which they have so long received, and 
respectfully intimate that at Whitsunday last they 
opened additional premises, 24 South Bridge, at both of 
which places they will have always on hand a select 
assortment of gold and silver watches, new and second- 
hand. A few eight-day clocks in mahogany cases, 6 
each, spring timekeepers for shops, counting-houses, etc., 
five guineas and upward. 

" N.B. Watches of every description repaired and 
cleaned equal to any house in London on very moderate 
terms." Scotsman^ i/th September 1834. 

LIGHTBODY, JAMES. West Port, Lanark, 1820-37. 
LIGHTBODY, JOHN. High Street, Lanark, 1799-1837. 
LINDSAY, LUKE. 46 Hamilton Street, Greenock, 1823-38. 
LINDSAY, WILLIAM. 239 Canongate, Edinburgh, 1825. 

LINLITHGOW Notices regarding Town Clocks of, 1710- 
1857. 

2nd December 1710. <c The council for the future 
agree that George Brown, last Deacon, shall keep the 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 225 

two clocks for 18 lib. yearly, and a quart of oil, during 
the council's pleasure." 

\$th September 1760. "The council having con- 
sidered the estimate by Deacon Davie for repairing the 
town clock, also a report by Robert Thomson, clock 
and watch maker in Bo'ness, concerning the necessary 
repairs to be made on the said clock, the council 
appoints Deacon Davie immediately to set about the 
said repairs and to finish the same in terms of 
Mr Thomson's report sufficiently, for which the Deacon 
is to have the sum of six pounds sterling in full, of all 
he can ask or claim for making the said repairs, and 
the Deacon submits himself to the council as to the 
sufficiency of the said work when it is finished, and the 
estimate lodged with the clock." 

2ist November 1761. "The which day the council 
considering the report from John Davie, that he wanted 
the town clock to be taken off his hands at this term of 
Martinmas, and desired a visation thereof, therefore 
the council do hereby nominate and appoint Mr Robert 
Alexander, clockmaker in Bathgate, and John Johnstoun, 
smith, in Swine Alley (to give a report)." 

By the kindness of James Russell, Esq., Town Clerk 
of Linlithgow, these minutes from the Council Records 
are now given for the first time. Our application to him 
for inspection of these records was cordially granted, 
and it is a pleasure to announce that nowhere have we 
seen, excepting Edinburgh or Glasgow, and one or two 
large towns in Scotland, such an immense number of 
finely bound manuscript volumes and records as those 
contained in the safe of the Council Chambers of 
Linlithgow. 

" The above clock appears to have done duty till 1847, 
when it was destroyed by fire, and not till 1857 was a 
new one erected, which was made by Mr Mackenzie, 
Glasgow, and is believed to be the first turret clock 
constructed in Scotland on the same principles as the 
celebrated Westminster Palace clock, the works being 
principally of cast iron and the escapement the new 
gravity one." WALDIE'S History of Linlithgow, page 16. 

P 



226 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

LION, ROBERT. Carnwath, 1836. 
LITTLE, JAMES. High Street, Annan, 1820. 
LITTLE, JAMES. Annan; died 1831, aged 56 years. 
LITTLE, JOHN. High Street, Annan, 1836. 
LITTLEJOHN, WILSON. Peterhead, 1846. 
LIVINGSTONE, EDWARD. Dundee, 1790. 
LIVINGSTONE, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1769. 

Booked apprentice to John Murdoch 7th January 
1769. 

LOCH ART, WILLIAM. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1813-22. 

LOCK, ROBERT. 4 West Arthur Place, Edinburgh, 1825. 

LOCKE & HUTTON. Dunfermline, 1825. 

LOGAN, THOMAS. Maybole, 1820-37. 

LOGAN, WILLIAM. Ballater, 1846. 

LOGIE, ROBERT. Richmond Street, Edinburgh, 1784-1827. 
26th November 1784. "Bound apprentice to John 
Cleland." 

^rd May 1806. " Compeared and produced his 
essay, a watch movement begun, made, and finished in 
his own shop in presence of Robert Green, landlord, and 
Robert Hinmers, Thomas Morgan, and Thomas Sibbald, 
essay masters, as they declared, etc." E. H. Records. 

" Lost or stolen on Wednesday night last a silver 
caped and jewelled day of the month watch, maker's 
name, David Craig, Ford, Pathhead, No. 765. Whoever 
will bring the same to Robert Logic, watchmaker, 
Richmond Street, Edinburgh, shall have forty shillings 
of reward." Edinburgh Evening Courant,g\h June 1804. 

LOUDON, DAVID. Kilwinning, 1843. 

LOUDON, JOHN. Irvine, 1820. 

LOVE, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1774. 

LOVE, JAMES. Elgin, 1712. 

LOVE, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1779. 

LOVE, JOHN. 48 King Street, Glasgow, 1828. 

LOVE, NEILSON. Port Glasgow about 1770. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 227 

LOW, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1799. 

LOW, ALEXANDER. Errol, 1815-37. 

" Alexander Low, watchmaker in Errol, served Heir 
General to his father, John Low, smith in Cupar- Angus, 
dated I7th November 1815. Recorded 1st December 
1 8 1 5." Services of Heirs. 

LOW, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1755-61. 

" Son of George Low, staymaker in Canongate ; 
booked apprentice to Robert Clidsdale 3rd February 
1755. Discharged of his indentures I9th December 
1761." E. H. Records. 

LOW, JOHN. St Malcolm's Lane, Kirriemuir, 1837. 

LOW, THOMAS. Bridgend, Perth, 1843. 

LOW, THOMAS. 204 Overgate, Dundee, 1828. 

LOW, THOMAS. Murray Street, Perth, 1843. 

LOWE, - . Arbroath, 1784. 

LOWE, - . Errol, Perthshire, 1836. 

LUCAS, ALEXANDER. Argyll Arcade, Glasgow, 1849. 

LUMSDANE, WALTER. Cupar-Fife, 1740-92. 

"James Bell, smith in Edinburgh, served Heir 
Portioner General to his grandfather, Walter Lumsdane, 
watchmaker in Cupar, dated 28th December 1792. 
Recorded 2nd January 1793." Services of Heirs. 

LUMSDANE, WALTER. Cupar-Fife, 1792. 

" Watchmaker in Cupar ; served Heir General to his 
father, Walter Lumsdane, watchmaker there, dated 
6th October 1792. Recorded October 1792." Services 
of Heirs. 

LUMSDEN, DAVID. Anstruther, 1850-1909. 

Born 1827; was nephew of George Lumsden, sen., 
of Pittenweem, with whom he served. his apprenticeship. 
Subsequently a magistrate and member of the School 
Board of Anstruther. Retired from business in 1896. 

LUMSDEN, GEORGE, sen. Pittenweem, 1818-49. 

This maker was an apprentice of his celebrated 
townsman, John Smith (q.v.), and commenced business 
for himself about 1818. He carried on an extensive 
trade, and his productions are to be found all along the 



228 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

coast fishing towns and villages in the East Neuk of 
Fife. Suiting the designs of his clock dials to the tastes 
of his customers, many of them have painted on them 
ships, fishing-boats, and the like, which were in a large 
number of cases the production of the pencil of James 
Brown, joiner, Pittenweem. George Lumsden died 
28th March 1849, aged 55 years. 
LUMSDEN, GEORGE, jun. Pittenweem, 1849-99. 

Succeeded to his father's business about 1849; died 
27th December 1899, aged 67 years. 

LUMSDEN, JOHN. Aberdeen, 1735-57- 
LUNAN, CHARLES, sen. Aberdeen, 1760-1816. 

"Died at Aberdeen on the loth January 1816 
Mr Charles Lunan, clock and watch maker. He was 
a man of uncommon shrewdness, intelligence, and native 
strength of mind, and from his inventive genius in 
mechanics much might have been expected had his 
powers received a more early culture, a circumstance 
which he often regretted during the latter part of his 
life. He has, however, left behind him many specimens 
of his ingenuity and of the accuracy with which he could 
execute the finest pieces of mechanism." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 2Oth January 1816. 

" Ann Aiken or Hewit, served Co-heir of Provision 
General to her grand father and mother, Charles Lunan, 
watchmaker, and Mary Thomson, spouse, Aberdeen, 
dated 8th March 1855. Recorded I9th March 1855." 
Services of Heirs. 

LUNDIE, JOHN. High Street, Dundee, 1809-37. 
LUNDIE, JOHN. Elgin ; apprentice to John Brown, Elgin, 

1743- 
LUNDIE, WILLIAM. Inverurie; died 1816, aged 73 years. 

Was the first postmaster of that town. 

LUNN, CHARLES. Edinburgh, 1799-1806. 

Bound apprentice to James Howden, 3 1st October 
1799. Discharged of his indentures, 24th November 
1806. 

LYNDSAY, ALEXANDER. Aberdeen, 1537. See page 2. 
LYON . Bathgate, 1810. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 229 

LYON, ANDREW. Port Glasgow, 1783-99. 
LYON, CHARLES. Castlegate, Lanark, 1820. 

LYON, JAMES WALTER & Co. 80 George Street, Edin- 
burgh, 1842. 

MACADAM, WALTER. Glasgow, 1800. 

MACADAM, WALTER. Bathgate, 1840-50. 

MACARA, ROBERT. High Street, Dunfermline, 1796-1820. 

MACCLYMONT, JAMES. Ayr, 1761. 

MACFARLAN, DUNCAN. 159 Trongate, Glasgow, 1818; 

and Son, 1828. 

MACFARLANE, A. P. 76 Trongate, Glasgow, 1841. 
MACFARLANE, D. 3 Nelson Street, Glasgow, 1841. 
MACFARLANE, PATRICK. Gallowgate, Glasgow, 1781. 
MACFARLANE, PETER. 10 Arcade, Glasgow, 1841. 
MACGREGOR, DUNCAN. Comrie, 1837. 

Model, description, and drawing of an inside pendulum 

escapement by Mr Duncan Macgregor, smith, Comrie, 

shown at a meeting of the Royal Scottish Society of 

Arts held on loth May 1837. 

MACIVER, MURDO. High Street, Dingwall, 1836. 
MACKAY, ALEXANDER. Peterhead, 1798-1807. 

" John Mackay, farmer in old town of Coynach, 

served Heir General to his brother, Alexander Mackay, 

watchmaker, Peterhead, dated 7th February 1807. 

Recorded I4th February 1807." Services of Heirs. 

MACKAY, ALEXANDER. Banff, 1774. 
MACKAY, JOHN. Edinburgh. See page 148. 

MACKAY & CHISHOLM. Edinburgh, 1835 to present 
day. See note on Wm. Forrest & Co., Edinburgh, 
page 148, for the origin of this firm. 

"Mackay & Chisholm, 49 New Buildings, North 
Bridge, Edinburgh, respectfully invite the continued 
continuance of their Friends and the Public to this 
warehouse for all kinds of Antique and Modern Plate, 
Jewellery, Watches, as from M. & C.'s practical know- 
ledge in every branch of the business they feel assured 
that superior advantage in some departments at least 
may be obtained by patrons of this establishment. 



230 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

" A set of medals of the Kings of England in bronze, 
from William the Conqueror to George III., also sets of 
Napoleon medals in bronze and silver. M. & C. being 
authorized to collect and discharge the debts of the late 
copartnery, those due are respectfully requested to order 
payment as soon as possible." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 4th April 1837. 

This well-known firm removed to 57 Princes Street 
in 1879, and to No. 59 in 1908, where the business is 
still carried on. 

MACKENZIE, COLIN. Inverness, 1800. 

MACKENZIE, . Glasgow. See page 225. 

MACKERSON, DAVID. Edinburgh, 1704-12. 

"Son to the deceased George Mackerson, maltman 
in Wester Weems ; booked apprentice to Paul Romieu, 
jun., watchmaker, 5th February 1704." 

ijth May 1711. "There being a petition given in 
by David Mackerson, late apprentice to Paul Romieu, 
clockmaker, craving that although the eight years 
contained in his indentures will not be expired until the 
2nd of December next, that the Incorporation may 
grant warrant to discharge his indentures in regard that 
both his master and mistress are dead and that he 
cannot get work among the freemen of the Incorpora- 
tion. The house do unanimously grant warrant to the 
present Deacon and Boxmaster to discharge the said 
David Mackerson his indenture, to the effect he may 
get his freedom thereby in regard there is but a short 
time of the eight years to run, and that his art have 
consented to his being admitted freeman, especially 
considering there are few watchmakers in this city at 
present to serve Her Majesties lieges. But they do 
declare that this is not to be a precedent for the time to 
come but only granted to the petitioner upon the special 
considerations above given." 

gth February 1712. " Compeared and presented his 
essay, viz., the movements of a watch, which was found a 
well wrought essay, etc. His essay masters were George 
Mitchell and Richard Alcorne. The essay was made in 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCK MAKERS 231 

Robert Alexander's shop (rest of minute same as given 
in admission of Robert Alexander)." E. H. Records. 

MACK IE, ANDREW. Fraserburgh, 1837. 

MACKIE, JOHN. Ellon, 1837. 

MACKIE, WILLIAM. 73 George Street, Aberdeen, 1837. 

MACLEAN, ANDREW. Edinburgh, 1783-1812. See note 
on Peter Forrester & Co., Edinburgh, page 148. 
Apprenticed to Robert Aitchison, 8th May 1784. 

" Andrew Maclean, watchmaker, Edinburgh, served 
Heir General to his father, Robert Maclean, Accountant 
of Excise, dated 27th December 1811. Recorded 2nd 
January 1812." Services of Heirs. 

MACLEAN, GEORGE. Bristo, Edinburgh, 1776. 

2O/// February 1776. "Presented a petition offering 
Forty pounds for the freedom, which was remitted to 
the watchmakers, who were ordered to make their report 
against next meeting." 

4th May 1776. "The clock and watch makers 
reported that they had agreed to refuse George 
Maclean's petition." 

26th June 1776. "The Incorporation appointed the 
deacon and treasurer to prosecute the process of 
advocation against George Maclean, late clock and 
watch maker in Bristo, and authorised them to advise 
with the best lawyers thereanent." E. H. Records. 
MACLENNAN, JOHN. Born at Dingwall ; died in London, 

1886, aged 72 years. 
MACNAB, JOHN. Perth, 1824-42. 
MACNAB, ROBERT. Perth, 1800. 

MACNEE, WILLIAM. 153 High Street, Edinburgh, 1850. 
MACPHERSON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1773-85. 

2$rd September 1773. "Booked apprentice to his 
father, Normond Macpherson." 

igth July 1783. "Presented a petition craving to be 
admitted freeman." 

igth August 1783. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a plain watch movement begun, made, and 
finished in presence of the essay master as they declared, 
etc." E. H. Records. 



232 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

" Mrs Macpherson, relict of the deceased Normond 
Macpherson, late clock and watch maker in Edinburgh, 
and John Macpherson, his son, are to continue and carry 
on the business of clock and watch making in all its 
branches. John Macpherson, for some time previous 
to his father's decease, managed and conducted the 
business, and he hopes his unremitted attention and 
assiduity will secure him the favour and continuance of 
his father's employers." Caledonian Mercury, i6th June 
1783. 

" The copartnership of Macpherson & Co., clock and 
watch makers, Edinburgh, being now dissolved by the 
death of John Macpherson, the business is to be carried 
on as formerly for the behoof of the widows of Normond 
and John Macpherson by a well-known experienced 
workman, Thomas Leslie (q.v.), who has been for these 
ten years past in the shop and bore a very active hand 
in the management. It is therefore humbly hoped that 
those who were pleased to employ Normond Macpherson 
(see below), or the company since his decease, will 
continue their favours, as every effort shall be used and 
the greatest attention paid to merit the approbation of 
the public." Ibid., 1st January 1785. 

MACPHERSON, NORMOND. Edinburgh, 1749-83. 

" Son to William Macpherson, Excise Officer ; 
booked to Andrew Dickie 5th August 1749. Dis- 
charged of his indentures i/th November 1759. Pre- 
sented a bill to be admitted freeman, and an essay and 
essay masters were appointed to him on 23rd July 1763. 

" Compeared on 4th February 1764, and presented 
his essay, being a watch movement made in his own 
house, as Samuel Brown, Daniel Binny, and William 
Auld, his essay masters, declared, which was found a well 
wrought essay, etc., and the said Normond Macpherson 
was admitted a freeman clock and watch maker of this 
Incorporation." E. H. Records. 

" Macpherson, Watchmaker, Edinburgh, gives his 
most grateful acknowledgments to his friends and 
customers, and acquaints them that he has moved from 
the back of the City Guard to a well frequented shop at 
the upper or west end of the Luckenbooths, fronting the 
Lawnmarket, where he carries on the clock and watch 



EIGHT-DAY 

In mahogany case, with Seconds' Hand from centre,' by 
Normond Macpherson, Edinburgh, 743*83". Tbe'^lopjuy 
of the British Linen Bank,' Eduibirtgb.; X.^ P.-34-/. I/ 



[To face page 232. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 233 

making business in all its branches, and has at all times 
a good assortment of clocks and watches which he 
sells on the most reasonable terms, also repairs clocks 
and watches of all kinds. An apprentice wanted." 
Caledonian Mercury, 8th September 1781. 

" To be sold by public roup on Wednesday, the 3<Dth 
January, betwixt the hours of five and six afternoon, 
the dwelling-house and shop lying at the back of the 
City Guard as previously possessed by Mr Macpherson, 
watchmaker, at the yearly rent of 18 sterling." Ibid., 
I2th January 1782. 

" Macpherson, Clock and Watch Maker, formerly at 
the back of the City Guard, now in the Lawnmarket, 
near the head of Forrester's Wynd, has at present on 
hand a very valuable assortment of the following goods, 
all warranted, which he is determined to sell on the 
most moderate terms: Gold and silver cap'd, jewelled, 
and horizontal watches ; gold and silver repeating 
watches ; gold, pinchbeck, and silver stop watches with 
seconds from the centre or from the cantrate axis ; gold 
and pinchbeck graved and chessed watches ; gold cap'd 
and jewelled or with plain movements ; gold and pinch- 
beck enamelled watches ; pinchbeck watches of all kinds 
with plain, graved, chessed, Nourse skin and tortoise-shell 
cases; the much approved of and fashionable large-sized 
silver watches, with seconds from the cantrate axis ; 
eight-day spring or table clocks for striking the hours 
and chiming the quarters; eight-day plain spring or 
table clocks, with a variety of eight-day long clocks and 
timepieces in mahogany or wainscot cases ; timepieces 
for chapels or gentlemen's kitchens, with large or small 
dials. Clocks and watches lent out by the month or year. 
Clocks wound up, regulated, and kept by the year at a 
moderate rate. 

" N.B. At said shop and no where else may be had 
equation tables, without which no gentleman or watch- 
maker can set clocks or watches with the sundial. 
Commissions from the country carefully attended to." 
Ibid., 2nd January 1783. 

To Normond Macpherson has been given the 
honour of having his name and pedigree duly recorded 
in Douglas's Baronage of Scotland. His father was the 
fourth son of William Macpherson of Nuid. In 1722 
the eldest son of this latter, named Lauchlin, succeeded 



234 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

to the chieftainship and was ever afterwards designated 
by the title of Cluny. It thus followed that Normond 
was the nephew of this chieftain, and it is interesting to 
note that all Normond's brothers, five in number, were 
engaged in industrial or commercial pursuits, such as a 
hosier, merchant tailor, schoolmaster, another captain 
of a privateer, who, having made a handsome fortune, 
settled in Philadelphia, while the fifth was bred a writer 
and invented some new machine of great use in the 
dressing of flax and hemp. There can be no doubt that 
this aristocratic family connection was a considerable 
factor in Normond Macpherson's career. He died in 
1783, after carrying on an extensive business for over 
twenty years, when it was continued by his son, who died 
two years later (see page 232). The business was next 
carried on under the title of Macpherson & Co., or 
Macpherson and Leslie. A characteristic example of 
Normond Macpherson's handiwork is now located in the 
board room of the British Linen Bank, St Andrew- 
Square, Edinburgh (see illustration, page 232), and there 
is a capital example of a bracket clock in ebony case, 
the property of Mackay, Esq., W.S., Edinburgh. 

MACPHERSON & Co. Edinburgh, 1783-85. 

" Lost yesterday, betwixt the bottle work in Leith 
and the Friggate Whins or thereabouts, a silver watch, 
maker's name, John Gibsted, London, No. 74. Whoever 
has found the same by applying to Macpherson & Co., 
watchmakers, Edinburgh, shall be handsomely rewarded." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant^ 4th July 1785. 

MACPHERSON & LESLIE. Edinburgh, 1785-88. 

" Lost or stolen at Dunfermline on the 25th curt, a 
gold watch made by Charleson, London, No. 4572, with 
a gold dial plate. Whoever is in possession of the same, 
upon delivering it to Macpherson and Leslie, watch- 
makers here, shall be handsomely rewarded. It is 
entreated that if the above watch is offered for sale or 
otherwise, it may be stopped, and information sent as 
above." Edinburgh Evening Courant^ 3ist December 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 235 

MACRAE, ALEXANDER. 13 Bridge Street, Inverness, 

1837- 

MACRAE, JOHN. 11 High Street, Inverness, 1837. 
MAC VICAR, ARCHIBALD. Lundie Mill, Fife, 1830-42. 

MAGDALEN CHAPEL, Cowgate, Edinburgh Notices 
regarding Bell and Clock of, 

This old pre-Reformation building was the meeting- 
place of the Incorporation of Hammermen of Edin- 
burgh. Although the place was in their keeping from 
1560, it was not until well into the seventeenth century 
that the erection of a public clock was accomplished. 
The steeple or spire where the clock was put is of a 
later date than the chapel itself. It took the place of 
a wooden belfry, which was erected about 1580, and 
owing to the expense the upkeep of it caused, and the 
danger of fire, it was resolved to build a new stone 
spire in 1618. Not till 1628 was it finished, and the 
" minutes " during those ten years are of great interest, 
but, as these lie outside the purposes of this book, we 
confine ourselves to the earliest mention of the erection 
of the fine bell which still hangs in this same steeple, 
making it undoubtedly the only one in Edinburgh still 
to the fore which has never been disturbed by the 
hand of the restorer or moved from the position for 
which it was originally made, making its survival unique 
in the annals of old bells in the city of Edinburgh. 
The acquisition of the bell paved the way for a clock, 
and the following notices, entirely from the MSS. 
records of the Incorporation of Hammermen, and now 
made available for the first time, give in language 
sometimes quaint and pathetic the history of what 
turned out to be a serious matter for the finances of 
the craft. As noted elsewhere every clock and watch- 
maker had to become a member of the Hammermen 
craft, therefore it is reasonable to assume that the 
official clock and bell would receive due attention from 
these members during their erection and installation. 

25//z October 1631. "The same day ye Deakene, 
Maisteris, and haill bretherene of ye Hammermen 



23G OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

ordenis ye Chapell and Clerkis hous to be beitit 
(probably harled) and ye bell hung in ye new stepill, 
and ye chairges yairof sail be allowit to ye boxmaister." 

(This refers to the old bell which had hung in 
the wooden belfry, and, as will be seen further on, was 
quite inadequate for such a powerful incorporation.) 

2^th February 1632. "The qlk day ye Deakin 
Maisteris, and haill breitherene of ye Hammermen of 
Edinburt being convenit wtin yair chaipell callit ye 
Magdalene Chaipell, and yair efter rype deliberatioun 
maid and ressouning amongst yame selvis, considering 
yat they have ane fair steipill bot ane small bell ye sound 
yrof is not far hard, and for ye credeit of yair craft, 
decoirment and honour of ye guid toune, and yat yair 
bell may be hard throw ye haill toune at all occasiounis, 
and to move utheris to gif to so guid ane work, they 
all in ane voice have thocht guid yat every airt convene 
be yame selvis and contribuit and gather amongst yame 
selvis, that thing yat it sail pleis God to move every ane 
of yair hertis to gif to buy ane new bell of gritter wecht, 
and ane knok gif it can be ateinit to, and this collectioun 
to be collectit, gatherit, and given in to ye Deakin 
and Maisteris betwixt and paische next to cum. And 
for yat effect hes appoyuntit ye persounis of every airt 
underwritten to be collectors yairof fra yair awin airtis. 
To wit : Thomas Baxter, for ye blaksmythis ; Alexander 
Thomsone, for ye cuitleris ; Richard Maxwell, for 
ye saidleris ; Thomas Broun, elder, for ye loksmythis ; 
Johne Callender, for ye lorimeris ; Thomas Quhyt, for 
ye armoraris ; Thomas Inglis, for ye peudereris ; Johne 
Ormestoun, for ye scheirsmythis." 

2ist June 1632. "The same day ye Deacin and 
haill Maisteris all in ane voice appoyntis ye bell to 
be maid to yair steipill to be castin in Flanderis and 
to be stokit yair. And appoyntis Thomas Ouhyt, 
pret. Deakin, Thomas Weir, Thomas Broun, elder, 
and James Smyth, Thomas Inglis, to be doeris for ye 
same." 

$\st October 1632. " The qlk day ye Deakin and haill 
maisteris ordenis ye bell to be hung in ye steipill, and 




MAGDALEN CHAPEL, COWGATE, EDINBURGH. 
Founded 1542. (See p. 235.) 



[To face page 236. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 237 

appoyntis Thomas Ouhyt, prest. Deakin, Thomas Weir, 
Thomas Broun, elder, Thomas Inglis, Johne Ormestoun, 
and James Smyth, to be doeris for ye same, and to 
sie ye samyn weill done, and orderis yame wt Thomas 
Baxter, Andro Haliburtoun, Alexander Thomsone, 
Johne West, Richard Maxwell, Dauid Broun, Thomas 
Broun, William Baxter, and Johne Kello, to be col- 
lectouris and gathereris of ye moneyis alreddie collectit, 
and to do yair seact dilligence to collect mair, and 
qtever they do yairintill sail be allowit. 

" The same day Thomas Quhyt, prest. Deakin of 
ye Hammermen, declairit to ye craft yat he had 
ressaunt fra Williame Carnegie, lait Deakin Convenour, 
ye sowme of nyne scoir merkis qlk ye said Williame 
Carnegie had collectit and gatherit amongst ye Deakinis 
following to help to pay for ye bell in ye Magdalene 
Chaipell in maner following, viz., given in be ye said 

" Williame Carnegie as Deakin of ye Skinneris 

Tuentie merkis. 

" Ye Deakin of ye Chirurgianes Tuentie merkis. 

"Thomas Quhyt, Deakin of ye Hammermen 

Tuentie merkis. 

" Deakin of ye Tailzeris Tuentie merkis. 

" Deakin of ye Cordineris Tuentie merkis. 

"Deakin of ye Maesounis and Wrichtis 

Tuentie merkis. 

"Deakin of ye Baxteris Tuentie merkis. 

" Deakin of ye Fleschouris Tuentie merkis. 

" Deakin of ye Wobsteris Ten merkis. 

" Deakin of ye Walkeris Fyve merkis. 

" Deakin of ye Bonatmakeris Fyve merkis. 

" Qlk sowme of nyne scoir merkis the said Thomas 
Quhyt, Deakin, promicit to mak furt comand to ye 
craft qnevir they pleisit, qlk ye said craft was content 
wt and ordainit yat ye extract of this prest. act under 
yair clarkis hand sould be ane sufficient chairg to ye 
said Williame Carnegie qrupoun this act is maid." 

22nd day of December 1632. "The qlk day ye 
maisteris and greatest pairt of ye haill craft ordenis ane 
band (bond) to be maid to Thomas Weir and to be 



238 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

subscribit be ye Deakin and boxmaister of ye sowme 
of sevin hundreth pundis, and thretie fyve pundis for ye 
anuell yairof to be payit at witsounday next to cum qlk 
is zit restand awand (owing) of ye pryce of ye bell, and 
ye saidis maisteris and breitherene prest. bindis and 
obleiss yame to releive yame yairof." 

1st day of August 1633. "The Deakin and haill 
maisteris all in ane voice ordanis ye meikill bell 
to be rung fra Sunday next to cum at fyve houris in 
ye morning, and aucht houris at nicht ; and ye littell 
bell to be rung at sevin houris in ye morning and sevin 
houris at nicht. 

" The same day ye Deakin and breitherene ordenis 
Johne Ormestoun to deburse and gif furt. to Thomas 
Weir ye sowme of fourtie thrie pundis ane schilling 
of ye foir end of his intromissiounes, with ye moneyis 
yat is collectit to pay for ye bell qrof yair is thretie 
fyve pundis allowit to ye said Thomas Weir for his 
witsunday termes anuell last by past of ye sowme 
of sevin hundreth pundis addetit to him be ye craft. 
And yt was lost out of his band sextene schillingis. 
And yat he payit out of chairgis in helping of ye bell 
in wricht work and yrone work sevin pundis fyve 
schillingis." 

2<\tk day of September 1633. "The qlk day ye 
Deakin and haill maisteris appoyntis Thomas Ouhyt, 
Thomas Weir, Thomas Baxter, Johne Wast, Thomas 
Wilsoun, Thomas Broun, younger, Dauid Clark, and 
Johne Ormestoun to go throw (through) ye nytbouris 
(neighbours) and collect ane collectioune to help to pay 
ye bell." 

2ist day of November 1633. "The qlk day ye haill craft 
ordenis Richard Maxwell, yair prest. Deakin, and Andro 
Haliburtoune, yair prest. boxmaister, to gif ane band 
(bond) to Thomas Weir in name of Mr James Wallace, 
his brother in law, of ye sowme of Thrie hundret 
pundis as zit restand awand (owing) of yair bell 
siluer." 

7th day of Appryll 1640." The qlk day ye Deakin 
and maisteris ordenis ye great bell to be taikin doune 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKEUS 239 

(taken down) out of ye steipill for preventing of 
danger, and appoyntis James Monteith, prest. boxmaister, 
Andro Haliburtone, Robert Kennedie, James Smythe, 
Thomas Broun, elder, maister smyth, Thomas Inglis, 
and Johne Scharpe, to have ane kair (care) of ye doun 
taking yairof and to put ye same in sume saiff place." 

In the boxmasters' accounts for the year 1640 occurs 
the following items dealing with the removal of the 
bell: 

"Item, for careying of ane great cabell tow (rope) 
from ye parliament hous to ye chapell iiijs. 

" Item, for len (loan) of towis to tak doune ye bell 

xxxs. 

"Item, given to ye workmen for taking doune ye bell 

Iiijs. iiijd. 

"Item, to Alexander Baxter, wricht, for taking doune 
of ye bell v lib. viijs." 

2$rd day of February 1641. " The qlk day ye Deakin 
and haill maisteris considdering yat they have ane stepill 
and ane bell and wantit ane knok qlk is verie necessyre 
wt thrie brodis and handis, and ye glob for ye chainge of 
ye moone. Thairfoir thay appoyntit Andro Haliburtoun, 
blaksmyt, Johne Wast, cutler, Dauid Broun, saidler, 
Thomas Broune, younger, and Robert Kennedie, lok- 
smyts, Samuell Burrell, lorimer, Thomas Weir, and 
Thomas Inglis, peutereris, to meitt wt James Smythe 
or any utheris knokmakeris and to try what all will be 
and what will mainten hir and yairefter to try at 
nytbouris (neighbours) qt they will gif for advancing 
yairof." 

In the accounts for the year 1641 occur the following 
disbursements for the re-erecting of the bell and the 
fitting up of the knok : 

"Item, to Robt. Kennedie for naillis to ye bell xxs. 

" Item, to him for eiking of ye stirop bandis to ye 
stok of ye bell viijs. 

" Item, for a farlok and wadges to it vs. 

" Item, to ye wricht for workmanschip in hinging ye 
bell vj lib. 



240 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

" Item, for towis for binding of blokis and tyeing 
to of ye great towis to ye stok of ye bell xxs. 

"Item, for ane new tow for drawing up of ye bell 

vj lib. viijs. 

" Item, for careying of ye great cabill to and fra ye 
chapell viijs. 

"Item, to James Clark for taking ye roust of ye 
yrone (iron) work of ye bell xvjs. 

"Item, to Robt. Kennedie for ane new band to ye 
stok of ye bell xls. 

" Item, for ane quarter hundreth naillis to put on yt 
band vvt xs. 

" Item, for towis to ye paiss of ye litill knok yat was 
giftit be ye Lady Kilbabertoune xs." 

This gift appears to have been in their possession for 
at least two years, as mention is made of a sum of nine 
shillings being paid for "bringing up of ane knok out of 
ye abay," which we take to be Holyrood, and as its 
arrival came at a time when they were busy redecorating 
and refurnishing the chapel, a new pulpit and panels 
bearing the ten commandments, the creed, etc., being 
then put in, the probability is that the rehanging of 
the bell and the wish for a large knok, induced them 
to put up this knok, when, as the accounts show, 
the knokmaker was in the town for the purpose of 
advising them in the manufacture and erection of this 
steeple clock : 

" Item, for naillis to naill up the same ijs. 

" Item, to James Alisone (q.v.), knokmaker in Cowper 

(Cupar), in pairt payment of ye pryce of ye knok to ye 

new bell xxxiij lib. vijs. viijd. 

" Item, mair to him for his chairges in ower cuming 

to agrie wt us v lib. viijs." 

i$tk day of May 1641. "The qlk day ye Deacone 
reportit yat ye Gray Freir Kirk desyrit yat ye great 
bell mycht be rung to ye preiching of ye Grey Freir 
Kirk, and yat they wald gif fourtie pundis zeirlie for 
ringing yairof. Quhilk report being considderit be ye 
Deacone and haill maisteris and they being ryplie and 
weill advysit yairwith, assentit to ye bell ringing upoun 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 241 

conditioun yat they suld not be astrictit yairto, hot 
duiring yair pleasur, and with all yat ye Deacone suld 
stryve to get als meikill for ye ringing yairof as he 
could." 

\6th day of July 1641. "The qlk day ye Deacone 
and haill maisteris appoyntis Androw Haliburtoune and 
James Mairtene for ye blaksmythis, Johne Robesoune 
and Thomas Wast for ye cutleris, James Hadden and 
Johne Douglas for ye saidleris, Johne Hislope and 
Thomas Softlaw for ye armoureris, Samuell and Willm. 
Burrell for ye lorimeris, Robert Kennedie and Johne 
Tweidie for ye loksmythis, Thomas Inglis and Andrew 
Borthwik for ye peudereris, and Andro Fnilasoune for 
ye scheirsmythis. To go throw ye toune and collect 
money fra goode people to help to pay for ye knok 
and maintenance yairof." 

iSt/i day of September 1641 

" Item, debursit of chairges quhand I went ower to 
Cowper to sie (see) ye knok for hors and man viij lib 

"Item, for ane hundreth and twa pund wecht of 

copper to be orladge brodis to ye steipill at xvjs. vjd. ye 

pund is iiij xx iiij lib. iijs. 

(four score and four pounds, three shillings). 

"Item, for ane hundreth bookis of gold at xvjs. ye 
peice is iiij xx lib. (four score pounds)." 

gth day of October 1641. " The qlk day ye Deacone 
and Maisteris appoyntis Thomas Inglis, Dauid Broun, 
James Monteith, wt ye prest. boxmaister to meitt 
(meet) wt Robert Tailzefoir, painter, and agrie wt him 
for painting of ye orladge brodis." 

\$th day of October 1641. " The qlk day ye Deacone, 
Maisteris, and haill craft, being convenit, the Deacone 
spak and said to Robert Tailzefeir, painter, yat they 
mycht have yair orladge brodis, handis, and glob all 
done for fourscoir pundis, and gif he wald (would) not 
doe yame weill, and upoun yat pryce they wald tak ane 
uther. To ye qlkis was ansrit be ye said Robert 
Tailzefeir yat yat offer was maid to yame upoun invy 
(envy), zit (yet) notwtstanding he wald do yame him 
selff for ye said fourscoir pundis, bot gif they fand 

Q 



242 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

him mor worth efter yat he had done his turne he 
desyrit yat he mycht have libertie to gif in his bill to ye 
craft to seik from yame anything yat they vvald bestow 
upoun him more for his paines, gif they fand yair turne 
weill done. And yane ye Deacone replyit yat they 
wald be no farther obligat to him bot in fourscoir pundis, 
and qrof he had ressaint (received) fyve merkis in 
hand." 

\%th day of December 1641. "The qlk day ye 
Deacone and Maisteris ordenis Samuell Burrell yair 
boxmaister to sell yair hous knok for quhat he caud 
get." 1 

yd day of Februar 1642. "The qlk day ye Deacone 
and haill Maisteris ordenis Samuell Burrell, yair prest. 
boxmaister, to advance to Johne Scott, wricht, ye sowme 
of ane hundreth merkis in pairt of payment of his work 
in ye steipill for furneisching and building up of ye trie 
turnpyk yairin and brodis to ye orladges." 

i$th day of Merche 1642. " The qlk day ye Deacone 
and haill Maisteris all in ane voice ordenit Samuell 
Burrell, yair boxmaister, to pay ye knokmaker and haill 
chairges yat is debursit yair upoun, and to agrie wt 
Johne Scot, wricht, and utheris quha hes wrocht to 
ye knok, and qt ever they do sail be allowit and payit." 

In the boxmaster's accounts for this year (1642) occur 
the details referred to in the preceding minutes, and 
as they are of special interest we give extracts of these 
items, as showing the care taken in giving full accounts 
of how the money was disbursed : 

" Item, to ye knokmaker in pairt of payment of ye 
pryce of ye knok iij xx vj lib. xiijs. iiijd. 

"Item, to him for his mertimes fie and ringing of the 
bell ix lib. xs. 

" Item, to ye wrichtis of drinksilver at ye up-putting 
of ye trap and orladge brodis in ye steipill at several 
tymes iiij lib. xvs. 

" Item, for careyeing of ye thrie orladge brodis from 

1 This is the knok that was gifted by Lady Kilbabertoun in 1638. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 243 

Johne Scotis to ye painteris, and from ye painteris to 
ye chapell xijs. 

" Item, for careyeing of ye paiss and wechtis to and 
frome ye Deacones xijs. 

"Item, spent wt James Alisone and Johne Scot, 
wricht xxvijs. 

" Item, for towis to ye knok xiijs. iiijd. 

"Item, unto ye maissounis of drinksilver for drawing 
and making up of dyellis xxiijs. 

" Item, to ye knokmaker in compleit payment of ye 
knok j c xxxiij lib. vjs. (133, 6s. Scots). 

" Item, mair to him at directioun of ye Deacone and 
maisteris quhen he was appoyntit be ye haill craft for 
his attendance heir, and for his sones drinksilver 

xiiij lib. xvijs. 

"Item, to Johne Scot, wricht, for making of ye 
trapis and orladge brodis 

j c iiii xx xiiij lib. 133. 4d. (194, 135. 4d. Scots). 

"Item, to Wm. Scharpe for copper naillis to ye 
thrie brodis xiiij lib. 

" Item, for oyll to ye knok and bell, and for ane glas 
to put ye samyne in xxvjs. viijd. 

" Item, to ye painter for painting and gilting of ye 
thrie orladge brodis wt ye handis and glob 

iiij xx lib. (four score pounds the contract price). 

2nd day of September 1642. " Item, to ye knokmaker 
at directioun of ye Deacone for his painis in cumeing 
ower ye watter to visit ye knok, and helping of hir 

iij lib." 

2^rd of August 1644. " The Deacone, Maisteris, and 
breitherine, havand considderit the supplicatoun gevin 
in be Johne Carmichell, officer, makand mentioun that 
quhair he had keipit, ordourit, and attendit the knok, 
and had nather feis (fee) nor gottin any thing thairfoir, 
thir thrie (three) quarteris of ane zeir last bygane. 
And off the extraordinar paines, and travellis this tyme 
past quhrin he might have made benefit be his craft 
giff his chairge as officer and utherwayes had sufferit 
him to attend upoun the samen. And thairfoir craving 
modificatioun and consideratioun for byganes, and to 



244 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

have a certane fie modefit to him in tyme cuming for 
keiping and ordouring the said knok as the samen 
supplicatioun at length beiris. The Deacone, Maisteris, 
and breitherine ordenit thair prest. boxmaister to give 
and delyver to the said Johne Carmichell for his bygane 
paines and travellis for keiping and ordouring and 
attending the said knok, the sowme of twentie pundis 
Scottis. And als hes appoyntit and ordeanit the said 
Johne ane fie of twentie pundis zeirlie heirefter for 
keiping, ordouring, and attending the knok and ringing 
of the bell. And that fra Allhallowis next to cum qlk 
sail be ye said Johne his entrie." 

8//z day of Septembris 1647. "The qlk day the auld 
Deacones, Maisteris, and haill hous ordeanis James 
Monteith, thir prest. Deacone, to tak doune the knok 
in the steipill and send hir away to Londoune, and 
change hir with ane new one or qr (whatever) he sail 
think expedient." 

This, however, was not done, the knok being next 
taken in hand by John Milne (q.v.), whose name appears 
for the first time at this date. He attended to the 
keeping of the clock for at least two years later, and 
on the 23rd of September 1648 the following minute 
is given : 

" The qlk day, Johne Milne, keiper of the knok, 
desyrit some suplie yairfoir, and seeing he had this 
lang tyme bygane keipit the said knok they wald be 
plasit (pleased) to suplie his present necessatie, as the 
bill in its self at mair length beiris the saidis tradis 
being ryplie advisit they ordeain thir prest. boxmaister, 
Thomas Haliburtoun, braiser, to give to him the sowme 
of ten pundis at aince (once), the other ten pundis at 
Witsonday next to cum, with this provisioun, that he 
wait and attend upoun the said knok faithfullie and 
treaulie to the next terme of Witsonday 1649." 

It is evident that John Milne was not able to keep 
the clock in going order, and his name, along with any 
disbursements on the same, disappears from the minutes 
and accounts. The clock apparently had got into a 
very bad state, and it was not till the year 1661 that we 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 245 

have any further mention of it. It was then taken in 
hand by Humphrey Milne (q.v.), who was possibly the 
most practical craftsman in Edinburgh at this date. 

2nd of November 1661. "It is aggreid be the 
Deakone and haill Maisteris of the hous, with Vmphra 
Mylne, clokmaker, that he mak the clok of the Magdallen 
Chappell to be perfyte and rycht confourme to the 
toune clok for sevin zeiris to cum, for the sowme of 
sevin pund sterling, and to be in reddines against the 
first day of May next to cum." 

Ajh of May 1672. "The qlk day it is statute and 
ordained be the Deakone, Maisters, and haill remenant 
breitherin of the Hammermen of Edinburgh, that thair 
bell sail not be rung heirefter for ony deceisit persoune 
quhat somevir, except they legat (bequeath) and leave 
somewhat to the house for the use of the poore." 

\^th of November 1681. "The hous recommends to 
the Deacon and Boxmaster to agree with any person 
that desires the ringing of the bell to any burial and to 
take as much as they can get therefor." 

i \th August 1688. "Andrew Brown, clockmaker, 
delivered to the Boxmaster four 1 rix dollars for ringing 
the bell when Mr Edmund Appley, watchmaker in 
London, was buried." 

2$rd February 1695. " The whilk day, in presence of 
the haill house, the committee appointed for visiting of 
the clock, and to speak with the clockmakers and with 
William Weir, or any other person, for making of a new 
clock, gave in yr report that there was an necessity for 
a new clock, and that they had been speaking with the 
freemen clockmakers and with William Weir yranent, 
but had not made any agreement yr anent. The house 
do yairfor nominate the Deacon, Boxmaster, George 
Dalgleish, Patrick Drysdaill, William Brown, John 
Lethom, and Andrew Dunlop, to be a committee to 
treat and agree with any of the freemen clockmakers for 
making a new clock to the Magdalene Chapel at as 
reasonable a rate as they can, and to settle and deter- 

1 ;n, i2s. Scots. 



246 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

mine yairin as they think fit. And in case they agree, 
impower them to set the person they agree with 
presently to work. And appoint the boxmaster to pay 
the price of the clock in the way and manner as the said 
committee shall ordain. The person whom they employ 
always finding sufficient caution for the suffeincie of the 
clock." 

zgth October 1696. "The house having heard read 
in their presence a petition given in by Andrew Brown, 
clockmaker, craving an addition to the price he is to 
get for making the pendulum clock, they remit the 
consideration thereof, and the contract betwixt the 
Incorporation and him, to the committee to be appointed 
upon the tradesmen's accompts, and to report their 
opinion thereof to the haill house at the next meeting." 

\^th December 1696. "The meeting appoints the 
boxmaster to give Andrew Brown's servants ten shillings 
sterling of drink money for their pains with the new 
clock." 

6th February 1697. " The house by plurality of votes 
appoints Andrew Brown to get from the boxmaster $ 
sterling for making up the loss which he alleges he has 
sustained in making the new clock, and appoints him to 
use his judgment to make the new clock strike louder." 

2.2nd February 1698. " It is the committee's opinion 
that the boxmaster should presently employ a wright 
for laying of some joists beneath the paies (weights) of 
ye clock for securing of the house in case the paies 
should happen to fall back." 

i itk September 1698. "Paid Andrew Brown for ye 
new clock to ye Incorporation as per contract and 
discharge 360 Scots (30 sterling)." 

This contract and discharge is still in existence. 

\$th February 1705. "The house having heard the 
petition given in by Andrew Brown read in their 
presence, craving payment for keeping of the clock these 
five years bygane conform to the contract betwixt the 
Incorporation and him, they do remit the consideration 
thereof to the committee to be appointed : the box- 
master to pay unto the said Andrew Brown what they 




THE BELFRY AND CLOCK DjAf,\ ,' 
Magdalen Chapel, Edinburgh. 



[To face page 246. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCK MAKERS 247 

think fit for his said five years' service, and to get his 
discharge of the same which shall be allowed to the 
boxmaster in his accompts. As also impowers the said 
committee to commune with the said Andrew Brown 
anent the keeping of the said clock in time coming or 
not as they think fit." 

jth April 1705. "The committee having considered 
the reference made to them anent Andrew Brown, they 
conform to the said power, appoint the boxmaster to 
pay to the said Andrew Brown four pounds sterling in 
satisfaction of his bygone keeping of the clock for the 
space of five years preceding, and to get his discharge 
for the same. And they appoint the boxmaster and his 
successors to pay the said Andrew Brown nine pounds 
Scots for keeping of the clock, commencing from the 
said term of Candlemas 1705, provided he keep her 
well." 

2^th May 1712. "There being an accompt given 
in by Robert Alexander for dressing and mending the 
clock of the Magdalen Chapel extending to 31, 45., by 
and attour his keeping the clock and helping it three 
times, being a year and a half which he does not state in 
his accompt. It was put to the vote whether or not he 
should be payed 30 in full of the said accompt of all 
that he could ask of the Incorporation. And it was 
carried without a contrair vote that he should be payed 
30 as above." 

2%tk August 1730. "The committee are of opinion 
that the caster and wester dial plates of the steeple 
should be immediately taken down and timber set upon 
their place." 

26th September 1730. "It being represented that 
the bell in the steeple is in danger of coming down, 
being loose in the stock, therefore they ordain the 
Boxmaster to cause rehang the bell and get it fixed fast 
in the stock as soon as possible and names James 
Wilson, James Edgar, David Hodge, Robert Maxwell, 
and the boxmaster to see it right done." 

From this date onwards various minutes are recorded 
of repairs to the clock, which did duty till well on into 



248 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

the nineteenth century ; but change of ownership of the 
building, combined with neglect, soon caused it to stop, 
and its remains lie to-day up in this old steeple, a mass 
of rusty wheels and pinions silent for ever. In the 
minutes dealing with the ordering of the bell no mention 
is made of the maker's name, simply that it was to be 
"castin in Flanderis." The Committee entrusted with 
this commission appears to have had in their eye one 
whose work was well known in Scotland, namely, 
Michael Burgurhuys of Flanders, and the following 
fragmentary list of bells yet remaining in Scotland 
made by this man and his son is not without interest : 

" I. Lundie, inscribed, ' Michael Bvrgerhvys Me 
Fecit 1617.' 

" 2. Kinnell, inscribed, ' Michael Bvrgerhvys Me 
Fecit 1624. Soli Deo Gloria.' 

" 3. Benvie, inscribed, ' Michael Bvrgerhvys M. F. 
1631. M. Henrie, Fithie.' 

"4. Lintrathen, inscribed, ' Michael Bvrgerhvys Me 
Fecit 1632.' 

" 5. Magdalene Chapel, Edinburgh, two inscriptions, 
'Soli Dea Gloria. Michael Bvrgerhvys Me Fecit 1632.' 
1 God blis the Hammermen of Edinburgh/ with their 
crest, the crown and hammer on a shield, on both sides 
of the bell. 

"6. Leslie, Aberdeen, inscribed,' Michael Bvrgerhvys 
Me Fecit 1642.' 

"7. Maryton, inscribed, 'Michael Bvrgerhvys M. F. 
1642. Soli Deo Gloria.' 

" 8. Cramond Parish Church, inscribed, ' Michael 
Bvrgerhvys Me Fecit 1619. Soli Deo Gloria.' 

" 9. Farnell, Aberdeenshire, inscribed, ' Johannes 
Bvrgerhvys Me Fecit 1662.' 

" 10. Panbridge, which at one time belonged to the 
Parish Church of Arbroath, inscribed, ' Soli Deo Gloria. 
Johannes Bvrgerhvys Me Fecit 1664. Timor Domine 
Est Principivm Sapientiae Proverbs i. 7.' 

" ii. LifT, Aberdeenshire, inscribed, 'Jan Bvrgerhvys, 
Heeft. My. Gegoten 1696.' 

" 12. South Queensferry, 'Soli Deo Gloria. Michael 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 249 

Bvrgerhvys Me Fecit. v David Jonking, Maerchant of 
Edenbvrge, gifted this to the Kirk of the Queen's Ferrie. 
Cursed be they that takes it frae. Anno Domino, 1635.' 

" 13. Aberdeen, St Nicholas Church, known as Auld 
Lowrie. This bell was broken by falling to the ground 
when the lead-covered steeple was burnt in 1874. 
Fragments .of it were shown at the Glasgow Exhibition 
in 1911, and the following are parts of the inscriptions 
that remain decipherable : Me Fecit Anno Dom. 1634. 
Soli Deo Gloria, Michael Bvrgerhvys. Depello 
Timorem Defunct Nensis Hanc Campana Donavit 
n. Ego Campana Sonitu no Ecce Vccor Anti 
Cum Vsdemove Campanae Rima Tissa.' 

" In Craigiebuckler Parish Church is the following 
inscription on a brass plate inside chancel of church 
which refers to the bell of that church ; ' Old Lowrie 
hung in St Nicholas Steeple 1351, and destroyed by 
fire A.D. 1874. Young Lowrie recast from metal of Old 
Lowrie, A.D. 1882.' 

" 14. Fyvie, inscribed, ' Michael Bvrgerhvys, 1609.' 

" 15. Lundie, 1617. 

" 16. Smailholm, 1647. 

"17. Peterhead Old Parish Church inscribed, 'Soli 
Deo Gloria, Michael Bvrgerhvys Me Fecit 1647.'" 

Doubtless there are a good few more, but the point 
brought out by this list is that the Hammermen were 
determined to have the best that at that period was 
made, and this choice of Michael Bvrgerhvys, probably 
the most renowned in Flanders, was a costly business 
for them. This can easily be seen by the pathetic 
appeal for subscriptions, and after all their beating up 
they were obliged to grant a bond to one of their own 
number to make up the deficit. The self-denial of 
these old craftsmen does away with the absurd story 
that this bell contains a large quantity of silver in the 
composition of its metal, an assertion that has been of 
late frequently made. 

Having been at the trouble to mount up to the 
belfry of this old steeple to inspect the bell, we were 
surprised at its large size and weight (approximately it 



250 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

weighs about 12 or 14 cwt.), and splendid preservation. 
The inscriptions are as above, and, barring a little mark 
where the clapper strikes the inside of it, is as fit to 
perform its useful duty as when first made. On looking 
at this authentic relic, thoughts arise of the many 
occasions on which it has been rung. It has tolled not 
only for funerals, but for nearly every pageant that has 
crossed the stage in those stirring days. Among the 
many entries about it, we were startled by seeing in the 
accounts for 1661 the item, " To William Campbell, for 
ringing of ye bell the tyme of Montrose's buryal, 
i, 45. Scots [25. sterling]," showing the interest this 
solemn funeral caused, and from the sum paid for horse 
hire, we learn that the incorporation attended it in an 
official manner. Again in 1680, "For ringing ye bell 
that day the Prince of Orange was proclaimed King, 
2, 1 6s. Scots [about 45. 6d. sterling]." In fact, the 
times this bell is mentioned are innumerable. The 
Hammermen derived a considerable revenue from it, 
and as the demand was steady, they made the following 
minute on iSth July 1684: 

" The house remands to the deacon and boxmaster 
to agree with any person that desires the ringing of the 
bell to any burial, and to take as much as they can 
get therefor." 

That they acted up to this rule is pretty clear from 
the difference of the sums charged, the payments ranging 
from 4 Scots up to i2 t showing that the fee depended 
very much on the status of the person wanting its use. 
They fined one of their own number 2 Scots for taking 
the liberty of tolling the bell during a deacon's funeral, 
and this because he had no warrant from the boxmaster 
to do so. Other examples could be given all dealing 
more or less with the care they exercised over its 
preservation, and it is probably to this cause that the 
Magdalen Chapel Bell is the only one in Edinburgh, as 
before mentioned, that still does duty in the location it 
was originally made for now nearly three centuries ago. 

MAILING, ROBERT. Aberdeen, 1630. See page 4. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 251 

MAITLAND, JAMES. Neilston, 1830. 

MAITLAND, JOHN. Cross Loan Street, Calton, Glasgow, 

1818. 

MAITLAND, JOHN. Church Street, Lochwinnoch, 1836. 
MALCOLM, WILLIAM. Callander, 1827-37. 
MALLOCH, WILLIAM. Leith Walk, Edinburgh, 1806. 

Clock case maker. 
MANNERS, JAMES. Church Street, Berwick-upon-Tweed, 

1820. 

MANSON, ALEXANDER Duke Street, Thurso, 1837. 
MANSON, DAVID. Dundee, 1806. 
MARSHALL, FRANCIS & SON. Edinburgh, 1816. 

" Francis Marshall & Son, Jewellers, No. 30 North 
Bridge Street, Edinburgh, next door to the Post Office, 
beg to inform the public that they continue their 
business in all its various branches. A new establish- 
ment in the jewellery line having been formed next 
door to them under the firm of James and Walter 
Marshall (q.v.), they think it proper to inform their friends 
and customers and the public that they have no con- 
nection with that establishment." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, Qth April 1816. 

MARSHALL, JAMES. Wishaw, 1815-53. 

Succeeded by his son William, who died in 1884. 
James M'Culloch, his apprentice, has now the business 
on the site where it was first carried on in a thatched 
house. 

MARSHALL, JAMES & WALTER. Edinburgh, 1816. 

" Beg leave respectfully to intimate that they have 
this day commenced business as jewellers, etc., in that 
shop, No. 30 North Bridge Street, formerly occupied by 
the late Mr Richard Bannatine. J. M. is just returned 
from England, where he has secured an extensive and 
elegant stock of jewellery, watches, plated goods, etc., by 
makers of the first production." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, I4th October 1816. 

MARSHALL, P. South Queensferry, 1830-52. 

" Among the tradesmen of the Queensferry there 
is one peculiarly distinguished as ' The Genius.' He 
is appropriately enough a watchmaker. Trained to 



252 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

ingenuity by his avocation, Mr Marshall has certainly 
attempted several extraordinary things, most of which he 
has brought from time to time before the Royal Scottish 
Society of Arts, but a prophet has no honour in his own 
country. One of these projects was broached in 1831. 
It consisted in a proposal for transporting ships by 
a railway across the Isthmus of Suez. Mr Marshall 
followed this up with his grand device, * Suggestions 
for preventing Collisions of Steamships at Sea, etc.' 
For fuller account of this celebrated man, see the 
delightful book, Summer Life on Land and Water at 
South Queensferry , by W. W. Fyfe, published in 1852." 

MARSHALL, WILLIAM. Bellie, Morayshire; died 2Qth 
May 1833 in his 85th year. 

" From a humble station in life he rose to distinction 
by the industrious cultivation of a natural talent, 
eventually becoming factor on the estate of Alexander, 
Duke of Gordon, an office he held for many years. 
Although self-taught, he made considerable progress 
in mechanics, to which his leisure hours were frequently 
devoted. Not only did he excel as a first-rate fiddler 
but also as a composer of national airs and beautiful 
Strathspeys. His music to the song, ' O a' the airts the 
wind can blaw,' drew forth from Burns a complimentary 
letter. He was also an ingenious clockmaker, and a 
specimen of his work is preserved in Gordon Castle." 
The History of the Province of Moray, by L. Shaw 
and J. F. S. Gordon, 1882. 

MARTIN, JOHN. Regent Street, Kincardine-on-Forth, 

1836. 

MARTIN, JOSEPH. Kippen, 1798. 

MARTIN, PETER. 3 Govan Street, Glasgow, 1840-50. 

" Peter Martin, watchmaker and jeweller, Glasgow, 
served Heir General and Heir Special to his father, 
Peter Martin, Hutchesontown, who died 4th June 1846, 
in a tenement and yard, etc., in the High Street, 
Gorbals, dated 23rd November 1849. Recorded 7th 
December 1849." Services of Heirs. 

MARTIN, ROBERT. Glasgow and Grahamston, 1782-99. 

" Lost on Monday evening last, betwixt the head of 
Stockwell and the head of Jamaica Street, a silver 
watch, maker's name, Robert Martin, No. 184. Whoever 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 253 

will bring the said watch to the Courier Office will 
receive one guinea reward and no questions asked." 
Glasgow Courier , i8th April 1799. 

MARTIN, ROBERT. Perth, 1745. 

Robert Martin, watchmaker from Glasgow, admitted 
a freeman clock and watch maker in Perth Hammermen 
Incorporation for payment of 1$ sterling on ist 
January 1745. 

This is, in all probability, the same individual as 
below. He would possibly find Perth in the year 1745 
anything but a suitable town to commence business 
in as a stranger. A careful search of the Records 
of the Perth Hammermen fails to unearth his name 
again, and the surmise is that he returned to Glasgow. 

MARTIN, ROBERT. Glasgow, 1764. 

MARTIN, WILLIAM. Glasgow, 1739. 

"That William Martin, Watch and Clock Maker, 
is now settled at the Clock and Moving Ball, next door 
to the Gallowgate Bridge, Glasgow, where gentlemen 
and ladies may be furnished with gold and silver 
watches, chime and spring clocks, and speaking clocks, 
with the best London cases at the lowest rates." 
Caledonian Mercury, loth September 1739. 

MARTIN,- . Castle-Douglas. See page 215. 
MASON, JOHN. Kelso, 1809. 

MATHERS, GEORGE. Errol Street, Peterhead, 1837. 
MATHESON, JOHN S. Leith, 1880. See page 25. 
MATHEWSON, ANDREW. Kilconquhar, Fife, 1795-1830. 

MATHEWSON, JAMES. Kilconquhar, Fife. Son of 
above; died 1882, aged 69 years. 

MATHEWSON, WILLIAM. Kilconquhar, Fife. Brother of 
Andrew; went to America about 1830. 

MATHIESON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1774. 

Bound apprentice to James Gray, I2th November 
1774- 
MATHIESON, ROBERT. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1736. 

Booked apprentice to James Nicholl, 1738. 



254 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

MATTHEWSON, JOHN. Anstruther, 1755. 

Among the Old Charters belonging to the Burgh 
of Crail given in Fifeani, occur the following : 

" ist. Discharge by John Matthewson, clocksmith in 
Anstruther, to John Oliphant, Treasurer of the Burgh 
of Crail, of the sum of 5, los. (Scots), as a year's salary 
for keeping the town clock of Crail, 7th April 1755. 

" 2nd. Discharge by John Matthewson to the above 
John Oliphant of the sum of 2 (Scots) for the striking 
work of the Town Clock, Crail." 

Though the surname of this last maker is given 
with two tt's, it is not unlikely that the Mathewsons 
of Kilconquhar are of the same family. 

MAULE, WILLIAM. Coldstream, 1837. 
MAVER, FRANCIS. High Street, Fochabers, 1837. 

MAVINE, DANIEL. Edinburgh, 1681. 

Residenter in Edinburgh ; booked apprentice to 
Paul Romieu, 26th August 1681. 
MAXWELL, HENRY. Edinburgh, 1822. 

Apprenticed to Robert Bryson, 6th May 1822. 

MAXWELL, ROBERT. Wigtown, 1770. 

MAXWELL, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1748. 

Son to Robert Maxwell, late writer in Edinburgh; 
booked apprentice to John Dalgleish, 28th July 1748. 

M'ADAM, 1 ROBERT, sen. Dumfries, 1820-45. 
M'ADAM, ROBERT, jun. Dumfries, 1840-67. 

M'ALPIN, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1836-46. 

257 High Street, 1836; I South St Andrew Street, 
1846. 

M'BEAN, JAMES. 89 Castle Street, Inverness, 1837. 
M'BEATH, ALEXANDER. Fraserburgh, 1837. 

M'BETH, DANIEL. 69 Kirk Street, Calton, Glasgow, 
1818-46. 

"On Sunday night the shop of Mr M'Beth, watch- 
maker, Kirk Street, Calton, Glasgow, was entered by 

1 AH the names which follow under this prefix M' may, in a number 
of examples of their work, be found spelt Mac. It is a matter of some 
difficulty to give them correctly. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 255 

thieves, and all the watches on the windows, amounting 
to between thirty-five and forty, carried away. The 
dwelling-house is situated behind the shop, and the 
thieves had effected an entrance by wrenching off 
the kitchen window shutter and passing into the 
premises. As yet there has not been any trace of the 
thieves." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 1st January 1846. 

M'CALL, JOHN. Dalkeith, 1829. 

M'CALL, JOHN. 20 Lothian Street, Edinburgh, 1836. 

M'CRACKEN, WILLIAM. 22 Nelson Street, Glasgow, 
1841. 

M'CREDIE, THOMAS. George Street, Stranraer, 1836. 

M'DONALD, DAVID. Edinburgh, 1822-35. 

4 Dalrymple Place, 1822 ; 3 East Arthur Place, 1835. 

M'DONALD, DAVID. 134 Trongate, Glasgow, 1836. 

M'DONALD, DONALD. Inverness, 1801. 

" Donald M'Donald, son and successor of Mr Peter 
M'Donald, many years clock and watch maker in 
Inverness, takes this opportunity of returning his most 
grateful thanks to his friends and the public for the 
patronage experienced by him in conjunction with his 
father for some time previous to his death, and begs 
leave to inform them that he continues to carry on 
the clock and watch making business as usual in the 
shop formerly occupied by his father and himself opposite 
to the Hall of the Northern Meeting. D. M'D. having been 
regularly bred to the profession with his father, and 
having also been employed in some of the best shops 
in London, he flatters himself that his knowledge and 
experience of the business will enable him to give at 
least some degree of satisfaction to his employers." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant^ I2th November 1801. 

M'DONALD, DUNCAN. Edinburgh, 1787. 

Booked apprentice to Thomas Leslie. 
M'DONALD, JAMES. 28 Broad Street, Aberdeen, 1846. 
M'DONALD, JOHN. Inverness, 1779-90. 

"A CLOCK AND WATCH MAKER WANTED. Mr 
John M'Donald, lately deceased, followed this profession 
here with the highest credit and reputation, and has left 
a very complete stock of tools and a variety of articles 



256 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

of value in the way of his business, which his heirs 
would give credit to any person of good character that 
would set up here on finding security. The best 
recommendation that can be given for this being a 
most excellent station for such a business here is the 
very favourable circumstances in which he left his family 
which arose from his trade alone. No person need 
expect the countenance of the Magistrates and Gentler 
men of the town and county who cannot be amply 
recommended for integrity and knowledge of their 
profession." Edinburgh Evening Courant, April 1790. 

" Died at Inverness, on the 7th curt., Mr John 
M'Donald, watchmaker, convener of the six incor- 
porated trades of Inverness." Obituary notice in 
Edinburgh Herald, I7th March 1790. 

M'DONALD, PETER. Inverness, 1780-1801. See Donald 
M'Donald, Inverness. 

M'DONALD, WILLIAM. Main Street, Invergordon, 1836. 

M'DONALD, WILLIAM. 20 Carnegie Street, Edinburgh, 
1819. 

M'DONALD, WILLIAM. High Street, Nairn, 1836. 
M'DUFF, J. May bole, Ayrshire, 1830. 
M'EWAN, JAMES. CriefT, 1846. 

" Prize of Two Guineas awarded to James M'Ewan, 
CriefT, for his model of a pendulum with regulating 
index for common house clock." Royal Scottish Society 
of Arts. 

" The bob of the pendulum is made in two halves, 
being hollowed in the centre so as to admit a wheel of 
teeth carrying on its arbour an index hand, which points 
on a dial plate in front of the bob to the words ' fast ' or 
'slow.' The nut at the bottom of the pendulum being 
turned, it acts on the wheel by a pinion, and thus any 
person who has occasion to regulate the beat of the 
pendulum can see by the index hand how far he raises 
or lowers the bob. Of course, Mr M'Ewan intends this 
merely for common domestic clocks and not for fine 
timekeepers, whose rate would be effected by the mere 
motion of the index hand round the dial plate of the 
bob." Transaction of tJic Roval Scottish Society of Arts, 
1846. 




CHAMBER CLOCK. 



By Humphrey Mills, Edinburgh, 1661-17 10. The property of the 
Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. (See p. 267.) 




FACSIMILE OF BRASS FRET ON CHAMBER CLOCK, 

Made by Humphrey Mills, Edinburgh. 

(See p. 268.) 



[To face page 256. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 257 

M'EWAN, JOHN. High Street, Crieff, 1837. 
M'EWAN, WILLIAM. Auchterarder, 1840-55. 

" William M'Ewan, watchmaker, Auchterarder, served 
Heir Special to his father, William M'Ewan, merchant 
there, in a tenement of land in south side of the street 
of Auchterarder, dated ist January 1855. Recorded 
1 5th January 1855." Services of Heirs. 

M'EWEN, WILLIAM. Leith Street, Edinburgh, 1849. 
M'FARLANE, ALEXANDER. Perth, 1789-1808. 
M'FARLANE, D. & SON. 80 Trongate, Glasgow, 1837. 
M'FARLANE, JAMES. 41 George Street, Perth, 1842. 
M'FARLANE, PATRICK. Glasgow, 1781. 

M'FARLANE, PATRICK. Perth, 1790. 

Apprenticed to Alexander M'Farlane. 

M'FARLANE, ROBERT. Perth, 1833. 

M'FIE, BRICE. Sugar House Lane, Greenock, 1820. 

M'GEORGE, DAVID. St Andrew Street, Castle Douglas, 

1837. 

M'GEORGE, JOHN. High Street, Kirkcudbright, 1836. 
M'GEORGE, - . Dumfries, 1755. 
M'GILCHRIST, J. Kirkintilloch, 1818. 
M'GILCHRIST, JOHN. Barrhead, 1830. 
M'GILL, G. & W. 7 St Mirren's Street, Paisley, 1820. 
M'GREGOR, ALEXANDER. Dunse. See page 107. 
M'GREGOR, D. W. Glasgow, 1848. 

M'GREGOR, FORREST. St Ninians, 1830-80. 
Successor to David Somerville. 

M'GREGOR, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1825-36. 5 Register 
Street, 1825 ; 29 West Register Street, 1836. 

M'GREGOR, JAMES & SON. Edinburgh, 1836. 29 West 
Register Street, 1850. 

M'GREGOR, JOHN. Francis Street, Stornoway, 1836. 
M'GREGOR, JOHN. Bridge Street, Wick, 1837. 

M'GREGOR, JOHN. 9 Calton Street, Edinburgh, 1811. 

R 



258 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

M'GREGOR, PETER. 55 South Street, Perth, 1840. 

M'GREGOR, THOMAS. Ay ton, 1837. 

M'INNES, NEAL. Lochnell Street, Lochgilphead, 1837. 

M'INNES, WILLIAM. 10 London Street, Glasgow, 1834-41. 

M'INTYRE, JOSEPH. High Street, CriefT, 1837. 

M'KAY, ALEXANDER. Banff, 1775. 

M'KAY, DAVID. Braick's Wynd, Arbroath, 1837. 

M'KAY, JAMES THOMSON. 32 Green, Aberdeen, 1836. 

M'KENZIE, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1787. 

Bound apprentice to Robert Aitchison, I7th February 
1787. 
M'KENZIE, FRANCIS. Edinburgh, 1753. 

Son of Robert M'Kenzie, shipmaster in Leith ; 
booked apprentice to John Dalgleish, 5th May 1753. 

M'KENZIE, KENNETH. Edinburgh, 1737. 

Brother to John M'Kenzie of Anlecross ; booked 
apprentice to Thomas Gordon, 6th August 1737. 

M'KENZIE, LEWIS. Edinburgh, 1797. 

Bound apprentice to James Gray, 22nd July 1797. 

M'KENZIE, MURDOCH. Edinburgh, 1787-94. 

Bound apprentice to Brown & Skelton, 7th March 
1787. Discharged of his indentures, 1st November 1794. 

M'KENZIE, WILLIAM. Aberchirder, about 1840. 
M'KERROA, JAMES. Ford, Pathhead, Dalkeith, 1836-50. 
M'KINLAY, PETER. 11 Leith Street, Edinburgh, 1836. 
M'KIRDIE, JOHN. 28 Woolmanhill, Aberdeen, 1846. 
M'KIRDY, HUGH. 3 Nelson Street, Glasgow, 1836. 
M'LACHLAN, JOHN. 5 New Bridge Street, Dumfries, 1820. 
M'LAREN, JAMES. Glasgow, 1779. 
M'LAREN, L. 6 Duncan Street, Edinburgh, 1850. 
M'LEAN, GEORGE. 9 Argyle Street, Glasgow, 1837. 
M'LENNAN, WILLIAM. 83 Church Street, Inverness, 1835. 
M'LEOD, J. & Co. ii Schoolhill, Aberdeen, 1846. 
M'MASTER, WILLIAM. 35 Cathcart Street, Greenock, 1820. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 259 

M'MILLAN, ANDREW. 5 Arcade, Glasgow, 1832-43. 
M'MILLAN, JAMES. Glasgow Street, Ardrossan, 1850. 
M'MILLAN, PETER. 45 Regent Quay, Aberdeen, 1836. 
M'NAB, JOHN. Leonard Street, Perth, 1820. 
M'NAB, J. & A. 35 George Street, Perth, 1837-49. 

M'NAUGHTAN, ALEXANDER. 2 Catherine Street, Edin- 
burgh, 1814. 

" Alexander M'Naughtan, watch and clock maker, 
respectfully intimates that he has commenced business 
on his own account at 2 Catherine Street, second shop 
below the Black Bull, with a neat choice of Watches and 
Clocks, all warranted to give satisfaction. The greatest 
attention paid to watch and clock repairs." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, nth June 1814. 

M'NAUGHTON, DONALD. Perth, 1768. 

Apprenticed to James Young, 3Oth May 1768. 
M'NIESH, JOHN. Falkirk, 1805. 
M'PHERSON, JOHN. High Street, Nairn, 1836. 

M'QUEEN, ALEXANDER. 18 Bank Street, Edinburgh, 
1788-1834. 

Bound apprentice to Thomas Morgan, Qth December 
1788. 

"Alexander M'Queen, watch and clock maker, 18 
Bank Street, Edinburgh, late foreman to Mr Green, begs 
to intimate to his friends and the public that he has 
commenced business on his own account in the above 
line. Having been for many years in the employment 
of Mr Green, where he acquired great experience in 
every department of his profession, he trusts to merit 
and to receive a share of public patronage." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant^ 5th June 1834. 

M'ROBERT, THOMAS. Charlotte Street, Stranraer, 1820. 

M'SKIMMING, . Castle-Douglas. See page 215. 

M' WALTER, JAMES. Paisley, 1784. 

" A few days ago an acquaintance carried me to see 
a curious machine intended for the discovery of the 
longitude at sea, invented by James M'Walter, watch- 
maker, Paisley. He very readily satisfied our curiosity, 
and indeed the machine exceeded all the description 



260 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

I had heard of it, and it is entirely upon a new 
construction. I was really surprised to see with what 
regularity and exactness it performed its various opera- 
tions ; the manner in which it showed the enlightened 
part of the earth and the length of day and night in all 
latitudes, and also the declination of the sun through 
the whole year. The manner in which it pointed out 
the longitude seemed to me very clear and beyond 
dispute. Mr M'Walter showed me also how this 
machine finds out the true distance of any place lying 
east or west the one from the other exactly, not by 
computation but by time. He showed me also the way 
that this machine can find out the number of miles 
a ship will sail east or west in one day if the sun can 
be seen rise and set the same day. Upon the whole 
I think it is a complete machine and one of the greatest 
curiousities I ever saw, and I believe every person that 
hath seen or may hereafter see it will say the same. 
Extract from a letter from Paisley, I2th January 1784, 
Caledonian Mercury, iQth January 1784. 

M' WALTER, MOSES. Balfron, 1836. 
M'WATERS, GEORGE. 30 Duke Street, Glasgow, 1836. 
M'WHINNIE, ROBERT. Main Street, Ayr, 1820-38. 
MEARNS, ERNEST. Banff, 1749. 

MEARNS, JOHN. Steps of Gilcomiston, Aberdeen, 1792- 
1846. 

MELLIS, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1749. 

Son of John Mellis, burgess in Edinburgh, booked 
apprentice to William Nicoll, I4th September 1749. 

MELROSE, JAMES. 208 Canongate, Edinburgh, 1826. 

MELROSE, . Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, 1827. 

MELVIL OR MELVILL, ROBERT. Stirling, 1736-67. 
MELVILL, ROBERT. Aberdeen, 1645. See page 5. 
MEMES, JAMES. Church Street, Berwick-on-Tweed, 1806. 
MEMESS, JAMES Garnock, 1730 (?). 
MEMESS, JOHN. Johnshaven, I73o(?). 
MEMIS, WILLIAM. Aberdeen, 1787. 
MENZIES, ROBERT. Coupar Angus, 1801. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 261 

MENZIES, ROBERT. Perth, 1804. 
MENZIES, ROBERT. Crieff, 1827. 
MENZIES, ROBERT. Alloa, 1830. 

MERCER, HAY. 27 West North Street, Aberdeen, 1837. 
MERRYLIES OR MERRYLEES, CHARLES. Watergate, 
Edinburgh, 1806; 39 Leith Street, 1825. 

MERSON, JAMES. Huntly, 1837. 
METHVEN, DAVID. St Andrews, 1768-73. 

ST ANDREWS, 6th April 1768. "Which day Joshua 
Scott, present Deacon, and remnant members of trade 
being convened, David Methven, Watch and Clock 
Maker in the city, was admitted and received into 
the liberty and privileges and immunities of the 
smith trade as a watch maker and clock smith during 
his life allanerlie, who satisfied the trade for his dues 
of admission to show said freedom as above. He made 
faith as use is." 

Elected Boxmaster of the Incorporation of Hammer- 
men, St Andrews, 1771-72. 

28/// September 1773. "Which day William Fuller, 
present Deacon, and remnant members of trade being 
met, the Deacon informed the trade that although 
David Methven, one of their members, was on the tenth 
current elected Convener of the Seven Trades for this 
current year, by a considerable number of legal votes, 
yet it appears from the conduct of the Town Council 
that they intend to oppose the admission of the said 
David Methven, legally elected Convener, and to 
receive Andrew Finlay who had but a few votes, and 
who never so much as claimed the election to himself. 

" Therefore the Deacon proposed to the trade that 
as the said David Methven was the legally elected 
Convener, and in case the Council should take it 
upon them to reject him and receive another man, 
that the smith trade, as having voted the said David 
Methven to be Convener, were bound in duty and 
in defence of their rights of election, to support from 
their funds the said David Methven's election in 



262 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

pursuing or carrying on the action before the Court 
of Session against such members of the Town Council 
as shall oppose the said David Methven's admission into 
the Town Council as Convener, and also against the 
said Andrew Finlay, in case he should be either 
proposed or defended in any such process. All which 
being considered by the said trade, and considering that 
every attempt of the Town Council to reject any 
Convener or Deacon is a gross infringment upon the 
priviledges of the Trades and their right of election." 
Extracted from the MSS. Records of St Andrews 
Hammermen Incorporation^ now deposited and preserved 
in St Mary's College, St Andrews. 

MICHIE, JAMES. High Street, Brechin, 1837. 

MILLAR, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1766-82. 

"Son of John Millar, turner in Edinburgh; bound 
apprentice to James Duff, 25th March 1766. Discharged 
of his indentures 2nd May 1772. Compeared and 
presented a petition, craving to be admitted a freeman 
23rd November 1781. Compeared on I4th June 1782, 
and presented his essay, being a spring clock, begun, 
made, and finished in his own shop in presence of 
Alexander Dickie, landlord, Samuel Brown, George 
Aitken, John Sibbald, jun., essay masters as they 
declared, etc." E. H. Records. 

MILLAR, DAVID. Bathgate, 1790. 

MILLAR, GEORGE. Stewart Street, Carluke, 1836. 

MILLAR, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1771-84. 

Bound apprentice to Turnbull & Aitchison, ipth 
July 1777. Discharged of his indentures by Robert 
Aitchison, 8th May 1784. 

MILLAR, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1790. 

"An Orrery to be' sold at John Millar's, optician, 
Parliament Close, of a very elegant construction, wherein 
the planets perform their periodical revolutions and the 
earth her diurnal motion, all moving within a glass 
celestial sphere wherein the constellations are neatly 
delineated. The Orrery is kept in motion by a time- 
keeper which goes a month." Edinburgh Herald, 1st 
January 1790. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 263 

MILLAR, PETER. Alloa, 1798. 
MILLAR, RICHARD. Edinburgh, 1814-60. 

"Cpmpeared on 3 1st August 1814, and presented a 
petition craving to be admitted a freeman watchmaker 
in right of his wife, Helen, lawful daughter of the 
late James Clark, clockmaker in Edinburgh, which was 
granted. He paid six pounds as the first moiety of 
his entry money. Compeared 2pth July 1815 and 
produced his essay, a clock movement begun, made, 
and finished in the presence of James Clark, as landlord, 
and John Bean, James Paterson, and John Picken, 
essay masters, as they declared. He was accordingly 
admitted, and paid six pounds as the second moiety of 
his entry money. E. H. Records. 

In partnership with Christopher Lawson (q.v.) 1825, 
and on dissolution of the firm of Lawson & Millar, issued 
the following : 

" NOTICE. Richard Millar, Watch and Clock Manu- 
facturer, begs leave to intimate to his numerous friends 
and to the public in general, that in consequence of a 
dissolution of that trade carried on by him and his late 
partner 1 he has opened that shop No. 5 North Bridge 
near head of east side, with an extensive assortment of 
the finest description of Gold and Silver Horizontal, 
Duplex, Lever, and plain watches, and where every 
exertion in his power shall be evinced to secure a 
continuance of that approbation and favour so largely 
bestowed on him, both as a partner in that concern and 
also for years previous, when in business on his own 
account. Orders from the country punctually attended 
to. Good Clock Makers will meet with constant employ- 
ment and the best encouragement." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 23rd June 1825. 

" TEN GUINEAS REWARD. Lost on Tuesday night 
the 7th instant, a Gold repeating musical watch, gold 
face with a figure of a car drawn by a lion, with the 
initials P.M. on back, maker's name, Hry. Capt, a Geneve, 
Number on case bottom 483, with gold chain, two gold 
seals, with arms and initials. Any person returning the 
same to Mr Millar, watchmaker, No. 5 or at No. 14 North 

1 C. Lawson (c|.v.) 



264 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Bridge, shall receive the above reward of ten guineas."- 
Ibid., 4th March 1826. 

"ATTEMPT AT HOUSEBREAKING. About three 
o'clock yesterday morning the watchman on the 
North Bridge heard a strange noise below the shop 
of Mr Millar, watchmaker, and going down the adjoin- 
ing common stair, he discovered that a strong double 
panelled door leading into a cellar below the shop had 
been forced open. The watchman pursuing his search 
entered into the cellar, and came upon a stout young 
fellow attempting with a crowbar to force up the hatch 
communicating between the cellar and the shop. He 
was immediately taken into custody, and his case being 
remitted to the Magistrates. It appears that he had 
broken open the door of the cellar with the crowbar, and 
there can be no doubt that but for the timely discovery 
by the watchman the fellow would have eventually 
succeeded in forcing up the hatch and gaining an 
entrance into the shop. We understand that he is 
quite a stranger to the police, and describes himself 
to have come from Lanark." Ibid., nth June 1835. 
Richard Millar died 3ist March 1860, aged 69 years. 

MILLAR, ROBERT. 14 North Bridge, Edinburgh, 1826-38. 
MILLAR, R. & SON. 44 North Bridge, Edinburgh, 1850. 
MILLER, ALEXANDER. Methven Street, Perth, 1820. 

MILLER, ALEXANDER. Montrose, 1798; died 26th 
September 1808. 

MILLER, ARCHIBALD. Castle-Douglas. See page 215. 
MILLER, ARCHIBALD. Glasgow, 1781. 

MILLER, ARCHIBALD. High Street, Kirkcudbright, 

1820. 
MILLER, ARCHIBALD & WILLIAM. 99 Graham Street, 

Airdrie, 1835. 

MILLER, ANDREW. 5 West Nicolson Street, Edin- 
burgh, 1827. 

Acquired Robert Logic's (q.v.) business at above 
address about 1827. He was succeeded by his son, who 
carried it on till his death in 1903. The business was 
then carried on by another watchmaker, thus continuing 
one of the oldest establishments in Edinburgh, 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKRRS 2G5 

MILLER, GEORGE. Perth, 1811. 

" On the 3rd January curt, the shop of Mr George 
Miller, George Street, Perth, was broke into and 
jewellery, watches, snuffboxes, and gold seals to the 
amount of 200 were stolen therefrom. The maker's 
name on two of the watches is George Miller, Perth, 
Nos. 171 and 80." Edinburgh Evening Courant^ 7th 
January 1811. 

MILLER, JAMES. West Quay, Port Glasgow, 1820-38. 

" Christian Buchanan or Miller, wife of J. Miller, 
watchmaker, Port Glasgow, served Heir Portr. General 
to her grandfather, Andrew Young, Cooper, Falkirk, 
dated i8th October 1825. Recorded 25th October 
1825." Services of Heirs. 

MILLER, JAMES. Stormont Street, Perth, 1848. 

MILLER, JAMES. Alloa, 1768. 

Maker of the clock in the old steeple in Alloa 
Churchyard. 

MILLER, JAMES. 41 George Street, Perth, 1845. 

"At a meeting of the Society of Arts held in 
Edinburgh, 23rd January 1845, there were read 
descriptions of the following inventions by Mr James 
Miller : 1st. A telegraph ; 2nd. An atmospheric rail- 
way ; 3rd. A conical pivot for locomotive carriage axles 
in two parts ; 4th. A substitute for bells and bell 
wires and cranks when laid under ground ; 5th. On a 
substitute for railway bridges. 

Mr Miller submits, that in small bridges for railways 
there is too great a rigidity when built of stone or brick, 
and that they are liable to be destroyed by their want 
of elasticity and their not yielding to the vibration of 
the train, and he suggests that they should be made of 
strong rings of iron upon which longitudinal iron bars 
should be riveted, somewhat in the form of a cooper's 
chaffer. They could be made at a distance in pieces 
and carried to the spot and then bolted together. 
Thanks voted by the meeting for the paper." 

" Silver medal, value 3, awarded by the Society of 
Arts to Mr James Miller, Perth, for his model and 
description of a new self-acting method of throwing the 
shuttle in the common hand loom, 23rd February 1846. 
In this model an improvement is introduced, calculated 



2GG OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

in Mr Miller's opinion to prevent the recoil of the 
shuttle, viz., by interposing a driver as in the common 
loom. He has also made simple arrangements, by 
which the strength of the driving springs may be 
tempered or increased at pleasure." 

MILLER, JOHN. Kirk Wynd, Selkirk, 1836. 

MILLER, ROBERT. New Row, Perth, 1841. 

MILLER, WILLIAM. 178 St Nicholas Street, Aberdeen, 
1846. 

MILLIGAN, ANDREW. Ayr, 1801. 

"Ann Adamson or Milligan, wife of Andrew 
Milligan, watchmaker in Ayr, served Heir General to 
her father, Thomas Adamsonj feuar in Creetown, 
dated 24th April 1801. Recorded 2nd May 1801." 
Services of Heirs. 

MILLIGAN, ANDREW, Watch Case Maker. Edinburgh, 
1781-1810. 

Married Susan Richardson, daughter of the deceased 
John Richardson, smith in Edinburgh, 2nd September 
1781. 

2$rd November 1781. "Compeared and presented 
a petition to be admitted freeman in right of his wife." 

4^/5 May 1782. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a watch case, begun, made, and finished 
in his own shop, in presence of Robert Clidsdale, 
landlord, Normond Macpherson, James Howden, and 
Thomas Sibbald, essay masters, as they declared, which 
was found a well wrought essay, etc., and was accordingly 
admitted." E. H. Records. 

" A silver watch lost on Friday, 23rd curt., between 
Edinburgh and Dalkeith, maker's name Jaspar Tayler, 
Holborn, London, No. 573. Whoever has found it will 
be handsomely rewarded on delivering it to Mr John 
Rule, watchmaker, Kelso, or Andrew Milligan, watch 
case maker, Parliament Close, Edinburgh." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant^ 2Qth September 1791. 
MILLIGAN, ANDREW, jun. Watch Case Maker, Milne's 
Court, Edinburgh, 1811. 

" Andrew Milligan, son of the late Mr A. Milligan, 
watch case maker, returns sincere thanks to the friends 
of his father, and the public in general, for the liberal 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 267 

support he met with in that line during a period of 
more than forty years; respectfully informs them that 
he intends to carry on the business on his own account, 
and hopes by unremitting attention to merit a con- 
tinuance of their favour/' Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
5th October 1811. 

MILNE, ALEXANDER. North Street, Aberdeen, 1820-37. 
MILNE, GEORGE. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1725-54. 

Married Margaret Sibbald, relict of William Burgess, 
gunsmith in Bristo, 6th February 1725. 

" Lost betwixt Linlithgow and Falkirk on Wednesday, 
the 3rd inst, a silver watch, maker's name Jackson, 
London, No. 282. Whoever gives notice thereof to 
George Milne, watchmaker in Canongate, shall be 
sufficiently rewarded. N.B. There is a scratch on the 
Bissel betwixt the place where the pendant comes 
through and the joint." Caledonian Mercury -, 8th October 
1750. 

MILNE, GEORGE. 29 Mealmarket Lane, Aberdeen, 
1846. 

MILNE, GIDEON. Edinburgh, 1676. 

Apprenticed to Humphrey Milne, 1 2th January 1676. 

MILNE, HUMPHREY, or UMPHRA MILLS. Edinburgh, 
1660-92. 

Supposed to have been admitted a freeman of the 
Edinburgh Hammermen in the year 1660 the leaf in 
records of that date having either been lost or stolen. 
An Act was passed in his favour in the year 1687, 
declaring the want of this leaf and their restoring to him 
all the priviledges of the Incorporation. To which part 
of the country he belonged we cannot definitely state 
but in all probability he was an Englishman. This 
surmise is strengthened by the unusual name, Humphrey 
and the fact that Richard Mills (q.v.), who succeeded 
him, was of that nationality. Be that as it may, what 
has come down of his handiwork bears testimony that 
he was master of his craft. We have only succeeded 
in locating where four of his clocks are to be found. 
One a fine specimen in the Museum of the Society of 
Antiquaries, Queen Street, Edinburgh ; the other the 



2G8 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

property of Quintain Galbraith, Esq., Helensburgh, who 
kindly supplies the following information : 

" I have an old brass clock having four brass pillars 
forming a square, or rather an oblong, surmounted by 
a dome formed by the bell, the brass-engraved dial on 
one of the squares forms the front, and it has a saw- 
pierced ornament above the dial. The corresponding 
ornaments on the two sides are evidently castings taken 
from the front one, apparently of a later date and 
coarsely finished. The pinions of the driving wheels 
are just four pins cut out of the end of the spindle, the 
rack on the pulleys of the driving wheels being primitive, 
just a semi-circular spring that catches on to the four 
spokes of the driving-wheel. The fly of the fly-wheel 
is solid brass, about three-thirty seconds of an inch 
thick. The bell is 5j inches in diameter, domed 2-f 
inches. The head of the hammer weighs ij ounces, 
and is a nice bit of forging. Some of the small screw 
nails have square heads and are hand-made. The whole 
clock is about 12 inches high by 6| inches 
square, goes eight days, has ropes and weights, and 
a 39-inch pendulum. It has only the hour hand, there 
being no provision for two, the iron hand forged, parts 
incised, and ornamental in shape. The name, Humphry 
Mills, being engraved on the plain part of the fretted 
brass ornament above the dial." l 

A third example, now the property of the Rev. 
Alex. T. Bell, Dundee, was discovered there in 1910, 
and, strange to say, in going order. The fourth and 
most unique is now in the possession of William B. 
Smith, Esq., 1 18 Queen Street, Glasgow, which was shown 
at the Glasgow Exhibition of 1911. A reference to the 
illustration facing page 268 shows its uniqueness, as the 
case (which is of oak) into which it is fixed has probably 
no equal in Scotland. Although there are plenty of 
long case clocks made by English makers contemporary 

1 A facsimile of this fret is given opposite page 256, and it is worth 
noting that, in all the four specimens mentioned, the frets are of 
the same design, which would imply that this was his favourite pattern. 



LANTEKN OR CHAMBER ct>cK, 

In unique oak case, by Humphrey Milne, or \i]fsj 
1660-92. Shown at Glasgow Histon*al- Exhibition/ 
The property of William B. Smith, Esq., Glasgow. 



[To face page 268. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 269 

with Humphrey Mills, few have the decorative treatment 
displayed in such a characteristic manner as this one 
has. It must be regarded as one of the first attempts 
in Scotland to break away from the orthodox make. 
We understand that this clock case is of the same 
design as a carved oak pulpit in the Parish Church of 
Fenwick, near Kilmarnock, which was erected between 
1736 and 1760. This suggests that the clock was highly 
valued by its owner, who, long after Mills died, thought 
so much of it that he provided this beautiful case for it. 

Further information about this maker will be found 
in the notes on the Magdalen Chapel Clock and Bell, 
page 235, and, supplementing what is given there, it 
would appear from an inspection of the MSS. Records 
of the Hammermen of Edinburgh that he was a wealthy 
man, as there are several .entries relating to sums of 
money being borrowed from him, which shows his 
willingness to help them. They, in return for his 
kindness, elected him to the highest honour they could 
give him, namely, Deacon of the Incorporation. He 
died about the year 1622, having been over thirty years 
in business. An interesting sidelight is given in that 
valuable work, Services of Heirs, where we are informed 
that " Ester Ross or King, in Kirkcaldie, is served 
Co-Heir of Provision General to her grandmother, Jean 
Mathie, widow of Humphry Mills, watchmaker, Craig- 
wells, dated i8th June 1725." 

MILNE, JAMES. St Ninian's, 1761-84. 

MILNE, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1647-50. See note on 
Magdalen Chapel Clock and Bell, page 235. 

MILNE, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1753. 
MILNE, JOSEPH. Huntly, 1797. 

MILNE, RICHARD, or MILLS. Edinburgh, 1661-1710. 

AT THE MAGDALEN CHAPEL, 22nd July 1661. 
" The quilk day Richard Mylne, son lawful to Thomas 
Mylne, in the county of Stafford, is booked apprentice 
to Umphra Mylne, clockmaker, burgess of Edinburgh, 
conforme to the indenture passed between them." 



270 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

$th September 1678. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, viz., ane clock watch and luminary, and ane lock 
and key. His essay masters were John Alexander and 
James Foulis, his essay was made in his own shop, 
which was found a well-wrought essay, etc. 

2nd May 1696. "The House unanimously quits 
Richard Mylls his two shillings and sixpence sterling, 
that he is resting for being absent from meetings 
preceding this date, for certain good and onerous causes 
known to ' yair selvis.' " 

nth September 1703. "Elected boxmaster or 
Treasurer to the Incorporation of Hammermen of 
Edinburgh." 

2$th September 1703. "The 'whilk' day, in presence 
of the haill house, Richard Mills, who was lately chosen 
boxmaster, having appeared before the Incorporation, 
declares he was very sorry that he was not able to 
officiate as boxmaster by reason of his old age, weakness, 
and inability of body, and therefor entreated the 
Incorporation to excuse him, and he should be very 
willing to give Fifty pounds presently to the succeeding 
boxmaster for the use of the poor. 

" Which representation and desire of Richard Mills 
being taken into consideration by the haill house, they 
do thereby excuse the said Richard Mills from being 
boxmaster because of his inability and weakness as said 
is. And declare him free of the foresaid Act whereby he 
was chosen boxmaster ; he paying in the foresaid Fifty 
pounds to the succeeding boxmaster so soon as he shall 
call for the same. But the Incorporation do hereby 
declare that whatsomever freeman of the house who 
shall hereafter refuse to accept thereof shall be liable 
in the sum of one hundred pounds Scots without 
defalcation." 

i^th February 1705. "The house, for certain con- 
siderations moving them, do quit and free Richard Mills, 
ten pound of the Fifty pound Scots that he was 
appointed to pay for refusing to be boxmaster, notwith- 
standing of the former Act against him for Fifty 
pounds." E. H. Records. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKEKS 271 

The only other contemporary notice of Richard Mills 
which we have been enabled to glean occurs in a number 
of one of our earliest Scots newspapers, viz., The 
Edinburgh Gazette for the year 1699 : 

" Stolen out of a house near the West Port on the 
1 9th, a gold watch with a steel chain and a shagreen 
case. Whoever can bring the said watch to Richard 
Mills, watchmaker in Edinburgh, shall have two guineas 
reward." 

Richard Mills died about the close of the year 1710, 
which is brought out in the minute dealing with his last 
booked apprentice, John Wilson (q.v.), but, strange to 
say, no particulars of any clock bearing his name has 
reached us. A correspondent in the Weekly Scotsman 
supplies the following information : " I have a recollec- 
tion of seeing a clock bearing his name and the date 
1710. In any case he had in 1698 a charter from the 
town of a tenement in the Canongate on the east side of 
Leith Wynd. The writ confirmed to him as Richard 
Mills, clockmaker, burgess of Edinburgh, and to Esther 
Mills (perhaps his sister), spouse of Robert Carstairs, 
W.S., the tenement in question, which had been granted 
to Richard and Esther in 1693 by Humphrey Mills, 
clockmaker at the Craigwell, etc." 

This interesting note, read in conjunction with the 
last given in the notes on Humphrey Mills, reveals the 
close relationship of these two men, namely, uncle and 
nephew. 

MILNE, ROBERT. Queen Street, Aberdeen, 1821. 
MILNE, ROBERT. 50 High Street, Montrose, 1837. 
MILNE, THOMAS. Huntly, 1780. 
MILNE, WILLIAM. Dunfermline, 1842. 

MITCHELL, ALEXANDER. Gorbals, Glasgow, 1798. 

" Stolen from a house in the neighbourhood of 
Pollokshaws, a capt. silver watch, name Alexander 
Mitchell & Son, Glasgow, No. 257. Any person bringing 
the same to Alexander Mitchell, Gorbals, will receive 
one guinea reward." Glasgow Chronicle^ 2 1st June 1798. 

MITCHELL, ALEXANDER. Glasgow, 1822-47. See 
Alexander Mitchell Son, Gorbals. 



272 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

MITCHELL, ALEXANDER & SON. Gorbals, and 10 
Gallowgate Street, Glasgow, 1798-1837. 

" Alexander Mitchell & Son, sensible of the very 
liberal share of employment they have long received 
from their friends and public, beg leave to return them 
their sincere thanks, and to inform them in addition to 
the shop in Gorbals where the business is still carried 
on, William Mitchell has opened the shop, No. 10 
Gallowgate Street, Glasgow, where he has laid in an 
assortment of Gold, Silver, and Metal Horizontal seconds, 
day, month, hunting cap'd, jewelled, and plain watches. 
Clocks and Cases, Time Pieces, Gold, Silver, Gilt and 
Steel Chains, Seals and Keys, Silk Strings, Pebble Seals, 
Gold Rings, Silver Plate, etc. W. M. most respectfully 
informs the trade that he has a stock of Watch and 
Clock Tools and Materials consisting of Clock brass and 
steel work, Dials, Weights, Bells, Hands, etc., Watch 
springs, Dials to suit, with or without brass edges, 
finished wheels and pinions, fine oil, best Lancashire and 
Sheffield files, with most of the articles necessary in the 
business, which have all been purchased from the best 
makers, and will be sold on the most moderate terms. 
No exertion will be wanting to render the assortment 
still more complete. Orders carefully and expeditiously 
answered." Glasgow Courier, 1 2th July 1798. 

" GOLD WATCH LOST. There was dropped in 
Glasgow on Tuesday last, a gold watch, caped and 
jewelled, horizontal watch, No. 1791, with gold chain 
and seal. Whoever will bring it to William Mitchell, 
watchmaker, Gallowgate, shall receive two guineas 
reward." Ibid., 22nd January 1801. 

" Patent granted unto William Mitchell of Glasgow, 
watchmaker, and John Lawton, King Street, Snowhill, 
London, manufacturer, for their improved lock and key 
applicable to various purposes, 7th March 1815. 

"Alexander Mitchell, Clockmaker and Jeweller, 
served Heir General to his father, William Mitchell, 
Clockmaker and Jeweller, dated I3th December 1837. 
Recorded 5th January 1838." Services of Heirs. 

MITCHELL, JAMES. Saltcoats, 1810. 

MITCHELL, JOHN & WILLIAM. 80 Argyle Street, 
Glasgow, 1836. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 273 

MITCHELL, WALTER. Edinburgh, 1749. 

Son of John Mitchell, mariner ; booked apprentice to 
James Geddes, I3th November 1749. 

MITCHELL, WILLIAM. St Nicholas Street, Aberdeen, 1820. 

MITCHELL, WILLIAM. Gallowgate, Glasgow, 1798-1838. 
See A. Mitchell & Son, Gorbals. 

MITCHELL, BISHOP, of Aberdeen, who was deposed of 
office in 1638, but afterwards reinstated, during his exile 
in Holland made a livelihood as a clock and watch maker. 
Was a native of Garvock. 

MITCHELL & RUSSELL. Glasgow, 1803-41. 

" A gold watch lost on Wednesday afternoon on the 
road from Kilwinning to Glasgow, by Irvine and 
Stewarton, double-cased, with a figured dial, to which 
was suspended, by a black and yellow ribbon, a gold 
seal with a Shakespeare head on it, and a gold key. 
Those who will bring the said watch to Mitchell and 
Russell, watchmakers, Glasgow, will receive two guineas 
reward." Glasgow Courier, 24th January 1803. 

" Lost, a jewelled cased gold watch, with a gold chain 
and gilt key, no name or number. If found, apply to 
Mitchell & Russell, watchmakers, who, upon receiving it, 
will give a reward of one guinea." Ibid., 26th March 
1805. 

" TURRET OR STEEPLE CLOCKS. Mitchell & Russell, 
Clockmakers, etc., have just now for sale two second- 
hand steeple clocks, of the largest size, which, being 
thoroughly repaired, are little inferior to new ones, and 
at prices less than half their original cost. 

" M. & R. manufacture every variety of clocks for 
church and other towers. They have also a superior 
method of illuminating the dials of public clocks, which, 
considering the advantage obtained, can be done at 
a comparatively small expense, 2 Argyll Street, 
Glasgow." The Witness, 2Oth May 1840. 

MITCHELSON, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1752-61. 

" Son of James Mitchelson of Garcropper, in the 
Shire of Galloway ; booked apprentice to William Nicol, 
8th February 1752. Discharged of his indentures I4th 
November 1761." E. H. Records. 

S 



274 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

MITCHELSON, JAMES. Edinburgh; died 1755. 

MITCHELSON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1749-56. 

" Late apprentice to James Geddes, clock and watch 
maker, deceased ; transferred by the Incorporation to 
Robert Clidsdale, for the space yet to run of his 
indentures, I ith May 1756. Discharged of his indentures 
2oth December 1756." E, H. Records. 

MOFFAT, ALEXANDER. Musselburgh, 1790-1831. 

MOFFAT, JAMES. Son of above. 7 High Street, Fisherrow, 
Musselburgh, 1831. 

"James Moffat in Musselburgh, served Heir in 
General to his father, Alexander Moffat, watchmaker 
there, dated 1st March 1831. Recorded pth March 
1 83 1 ." Services of Heirs. 

MOLLISON, CHARLES. Edinburgh, 1770-87. 

" Bound apprentice to Turnbull & Aitchison, 6th 
April 1770. Discharged of his indentures, 3rd May 
1777. Presented a petition craving to be admitted 
freeman 2pth January 1785. Compeared on I2th 
November 1785, and produced his essay, being a plain 
watch movement made in his own shop in presence 
of Robert Aitchison, landlord, Laurence Dalgleish, and 
William White, essay masters, as they declared, etc." 
E. H. Records. 

" A WATCH LOST. That about the beginning of 
November last, there was lost upon the Gallawater Road 
a silver watch, maker, as far as the owner remembers, 
John Martin, London, No. 804 or 408. The watch had 
an inner case and a shagreen outer case, very much 
worn. Whoever will deliver the said watch to Mr 
Charles Mollison, watchmaker in the Lawnmarket, shall 
receive one guinea of a reward." Caledonian Mercury ', 
nth January 1787. 

MONRO, GEORGE. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1743-1804. 

Married Mary Alexander, daughter to the deceased 
James Alexander, distiller in Stirling, I5th December 

I757- 

Was admitted a freeman clock and watch maker 
in Canongate Hammermen 28th November 1750. Not 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 275 

only was he a most capable craftsman, but also one 
of the most enterprising tradesmen in Edinburgh. This 
will be best seen by the following selection of advertise- 
ments which he issued in the local newspapers, and will 
show the methods he adopted to build up one of the 
most extensive businesses in Edinburgh. Probably there 
was not a craftsman in the city during the latter half of 
the eighteenth century who advertised so largely, the 
result being that the name of George Monro and his 
productions were known all over the country, especially 
north of the Forth. 

His success, however, did not please the members 
of the Incorporation of Edinburgh Hammermen, which 
the following minute, dated 1755, brings out: 

" George Moriro, watchmaker, having applied to this 
house by his missive letter dated 8th February I755 
directed to Deacon Armstrong, setting forth that he 
had spoke to him last year, concerning his inclination to 
remove from the north side to the south side of the 
Canongate, where he apprehended he could have a 
house somewhat more convenient than he had at present 
on the north side. That he proposed to do so in hopes 
that this Incorporation would allow it upon a small 
yearly payment to them. That last year, having found 
it necessary to continue a year longer in his present 
possession, there was no further use insisting on it, 
but now craving that it would please the Incorporation 
to allow the aforesaid favour which could be no hurt to 
them." 

"Which letter being read and considered by the 
house, they refused the desire thereof." E. H. Records. 

"To be sold by George Monro, watchmaker in the 
head of Canongate, Edinburgh, a large assortment of 
new watches, viz., enamelled, set in gold, chased do., 
plain do., pinchbeck do., of the most fashionable kinds 
for ladies and gentlemen, the work being as good as 
if they were in gold cases; variety of silver do. As the 
above watches are all manufactured by his own hands, 
their goodness and soundness may be depended upon. 

" N.B. He has also a shop at Inverness, and keeps 



276 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

a person there well qualified for repairing clocks and 
watches in the best manner, where gentlemen may be 
served in new clocks and watches of all kinds, and at the 
same prices as at Edinburgh or London. Commissions 
given in there or at his shop in Canongate will be 
faithfully answered." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 3ist 
January 1758. 

" Wanted a journeyman Clockmaker of a good 
character that can make a good clock ; he shall have 
good wages, and after working some time at clock- 
making may be taught watchmaking upon reasonable 
terms if he pleases. Wanted also one or two apprentices 
to be taught watchmaking. Inquire at George Monro, 
watchmaker in Canongate, Edinburgh." Ibid., i6th 
September 1761. 

"George Monro, watchmaker in the Canongate, has 
made ready for sale a parcel of exceeding sound Scots 
Watches. Some of them are for Doctors, having the 
seconds from the centre, made after a plain and simple 
method, which must go very well and can be sold at 
very moderate prices. 

" N.B. He intends to begin a clock and watch club 
about the end of the month. Those that want a clock 
or watch in that way may send their names betwixt and 
that time." Caledonian Mercury, 1/j.th January 1/64. 

"On the 2/th April 1769, George Monro, clockmaker, 
Edinburgh, advises the Magistrates of Nairn that he 
has shipped, by Colonel Hector Monro's order (their 
member of Parliament), a new steeple clock for the town. 
He assures them he has proved the clock and it goes 
well, and he believes it to be as good a clock as in 
Scotland for its size." L. SHAW'S History of the Province 
of Moray. 

" New silver watch, London, made to be sold by 
George Monro, watchmaker in Canongate, good and 
strong, at a low price for ready money, being the stock 
of one gone wrong, so that a great pennyworth may 
be had on calling soon before the completion of said 
sale ; also a few of the best Edinburgh shade watches, 
which he can warrant to be very strong and cheap at 
different prices." Caledonian Mercury, 6th May 1769. 

" To be sold by George Monro, watchmaker in 
Canongate Head, Edinburgh, an exceedingly good 
clock dial or regulator showing the hours and minutes, 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 277 

two opposite ' airths,' on the outside of the house where 
it is placed. Its dial boards are 26 inches in diameter, 
and its projection from the wall to the centre of the dial 
boards are 4 feet 2 inches. The clock within the house 
which turns the hands of the outside dials goes eight 
days, and has a white dial plate 12 inches square, 
showing the hours and minutes within the house as well 
as without, so that the hands without are set by turning 
them within. 

" It is no more trouble or expense to keep it agoing 
than a plain eight-day clock, and it is so made that the 
weather cannot hurt it. It was made by the late George 
Scott (q.v.), who was known to excel in the art of 
making that kind of clock. It goes with great exactness, 
is preserved in good order, the woodwork is lately 
renewed ; it will answer for a country town, street, or 
manufactory. Also a handsome new eight-day clock in 
mahogany case resembling tortoise-shell, mounted with 
Corinthian capitals. 

" N.B. As the above George Monro has been at 
greater expense and labour than any in his way in 
this country to bring his clock and watch engines to 
the greatest degree of perfection, by which he can 
make it appear he can serve those who please to 
favour him with their employment, with goods equal 
if not superior in quality to any hitherto manufactured 
in this country." Ibtd. y 7th September 1771. 

" IMPROVEMENT UPON HORIZONTAL AND PLAIN 
WATCHES. The virtue and utility of watch jewelling is 
obvious to all watchmakers, and has been practised by 
the most eminent of them since discovery, but they 
never extended this valuable improvement any further 
than in jewelling the last and swiftest moving wheel 
commonly called the balance. 

" George Monro, watchmaker in Canongate Head, 
Edinburgh, has found out a method of extending this 
invention of watch jewelling to three more of the 
swiftest wheels of the watch, by which the watch will go 
three degrees better, last three times longer, and will go 
without cleaning to better purpose for six years than 
the best watch, made without this improvement, can go 
two. The advantages of this additional jewelling are as 
follows : The pivots that move in those jewels or hard 
bushes are never galled nor impaired by the motion of 



278 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

the one into the other, and go with much less friction 
and greater velocity than a wheel moving in brass, for 
brass corrupts and putrifies the oil, and turns it some- 
times in half a year to a thick substance which clogs the 
wheels and roughens the pivots, making them stand in 
need of repairs, commonly in one year, or two at the 
most. So soon as this alteration is made by the oil and 
the motion of the watch, it becomes very variable,' 
although made of the finest workmanship. 

" As a demonstration of what is here advanced, 
George Monro has made, and has now for sale, a silver 
horizontal watch, caped and jewelled as above described, 
with some other curious and necessary improvements ; 
one of them is a diamond hand resembling three moving 
stars or planets revolving every minute. This is the 
best construction of a second or stop watch, as it consists 
of not one wheel more than the plainest watch ; besides, 
it is in other respects better qualified for measuring 
time than any other invented. 

" N.B. Good old watches made by noted watch- 
makers, if in good condition, can have this new 
improvement applied to them as well as new watches, 
by which they will be made to measure time with much 
more exactness than they did at first. Noblemen and 
gentlemen that please to favour George Monro with 
their employment may depend upon being served with 
the greatest care and despatch. The expense of 
jewelling is one guinea a wheel." Edinburgh Evening 
C our ant, 25th January 1774. 

"A GOLD WATCH CLUB. George Monro, watch 
maker and watch jeweller in Canongate Head, Edin- 
burgh, proposes to take in subscribers' names for a gold 
watch club ; at which club gentlemen shall be served in 
the best gold watches, of any fashion they choose, 
horizontal or plain, chased or engraved, from eighteen 
guineas to thirty guineas, they paying monthly in 
proportion to the value of the watch they choose. 

" A specimen of the said watches is to be seen at his 
shop. Those who live in town or country may be served 
in this manner without being put to the trouble to 
attend the club, by sending their monthly payment the 
day before the club meets, or appointing a friend to act 
in their place. They will be as carefully drawn for as 
if they were present. 

"N.B. New gold, silver, and pinchbeck watches of 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 279 

the best kind and of different qualities, very fine spring 
clocks and spring alarms. House clocks, in mahogany 
and wainscot cases, ready to be sold at the lowest 
prices. Continues to jewel old gold and silver watches, 
which greatly improves their going, and is a great 
preservation to them. He gives the highest price for 
old gold and silver watches in exchange for new ones." 
Caledonian Mercury ', 2nd August 1777. 

" A SALE OF GOLD, SILVER, AND PINCHBECK 
WATCHES AND SPRING CLOCKS. George Monro, 
watch maker and watch jeweller, has now opened a laigh 
shop opposite to the White Horse Inn, Canongate 
Head, Edinburgh ; has now ready for sale the following 
kinds of Clocks and Watches : The first parcel consists 
of a Gold Horizontal Watch with seconds. This watch 
is of the greatest value to gentlemen going long voyages, 
as it measures time with much more exactness than 
other watches. It will also go four or five years without 
cleaning ; and, if they should go six or seven years 
without cleaning, it will be without damage to the 
watch. Besides, of all other watches they are the 
soonest brought to time after cleaning, and must 
continue much longer regular going than any hitherto 
invented." Ibid., I4th August 1779. 

" To be sold, two houses in Maitland's Lane, Canon- 
gate, one of six rooms, kitchen, garret, and cellar, as lately 
possessed by Major Melvill of Cairney ; the other, of 
three rooms, kitchen, and cellar, as lately possessed by 
George Monro, watchmaker, now by Mr Schetky ; both 
free of vermin and smoke." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 29th November 1779. 

"George Monro, watchmaker, inventor of the ex- 
tension of watch jewelling by liquid steel bushes, is now 
moved from the Canongate Head to the East End of 
Rose Street, New Edinburgh, where he carries on his 
business of Watch and Clock Making in all their 
branches, and has ready one of these fine watches with 
the jewelling extended in gold, which goes with much 
more exactness than any watch made upon the common 
principle of brass bushes. Noblemen, Gentlemen, or 
Ladies that have good old watches of their ancestors 
that they may 'chuse' to improve in going by applying 
this new invention, they will go more regular than when 
first made." Edinburgh Advertiser \ i$th July 1788. 



280 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Admitted a member of Lodge St David, Edinburgh, 
1 6th January 1754. 

" Died at his house in Canongate, at the advanced 
age of 80, Mr George Monro, sometime watchmaker in 
Edinburgh." Obituary notice in Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, i8th October 1804. 

MONRO, HECTOR. 40 Bridge Street, Leith, 1836; died at 
Couper Street, Leith, 22nd March 1847. 

MONRO, HUGH. 7 West Bow, Edinburgh, 1-825. 

MONRO, HUNTER. Edinburgh, 1804. Bound apprentice 
to James Howden, I3th September 1804. 

MONTEITH, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1781. 

MOORE, GEORGE. Cumnock, Ayrshire, 1837-50. 

MORGAN, DONALD. Bridge Street, Kirkwall, Orkney, 1845. 

MORGAN, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1767-1803. 

Married Elizabeth Bayne, iSth April 1788. 
" Booked apprentice to William Nicoll, 2Oth 
November 1767. Thomas Morgan, sometime apprentice 
to the deceased William Nicoll, presented his bill 
craving to be admitted a freeman on 4th May 1776. 
Compeared on iSth November 1776, and produced his 
essay, being a plain watch movement begun, made, and 
finished in his own shop in presence of Samuel Brown, 
landlord, Laurence Dalgleish, James Gray, and Thomas 
Sibbald, essay masters as they declared, etc." E. H. 
Records. 

"On Tuesday the 1st January, between the hours of 
ten and twelve o'clock forenoon, was dropped between 
St John Street and the meeting-house in Carrubber's 
Close the gold chased case of a lady's watch. Any 
person who has found it is desired to return it to 
Thomas Morgan, watchmaker, who is empowered to 
give a handsome reward. 

"N.L\ if offered to sale, it is entreated to be 
stopped, and information given as above mentioned."- 
Caledonian Mercury ', 4th January 1779. 

" Lost on the 3rd day of October current, on the 
road either between Lauder and Greenlaw and Dunse, 
a large silver repeating watch, maker's name John May, 
London, with a steel chain. Whoever has found the 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 281 

same, upon informing or delivering it to Thomas 
Morgan, watchmaker, Edinburgh, or to Mrs Buchan, 
innkeeper, Greenlaw, or George Purves, innkeeper at 
Dunse, shall be handsomely rewarded. All watchmakers, 
jewellers, etc., are requested to stop the watch if offered 
for sale." Ibid., Hth October 1780. 

" T. Morgan respectfully acquaints his friends and 
the public that he has moved from his late shop in the 
Clam Shell, Turnpike, High Street, to No. 30, east side 
of South Bridge, where he will continue to carry on the 
watch and clock making in all its branches. He has at 
present an elegant variety of plain and ornamented 
Gold, Silver, and Pinchbeck Watches, also elegant spring 
quarter clocks of all sorts. Barometers and Thermom- 
eters made and repaired upon the shortest notice." 
Edinburgh Advertiser, 3rd March 1789. 

" T. Morgan embraces the opportunity to return his 
grateful acknowledgments to his friends and the public 
for their very liberal countenance towards him hitherto 
in the way of his profession, and begs leave to acquaint 
them that he has removed from his former shop on 
South Bridge to a more commodious shop, No. I 
Infirmary Street, where he intends to carry on the clock 
and watch making business in all its branches and on 
the lowest terms. J. M. at present is provided with an 
excellent stock of clocks and watches and timepieces 
of all descriptions, particularly spring or table clocks, 
together with a variety of articles in the jewellery line, 
all well deserving the notice of purchasers. Clocks and 
Watches repaired and mended as usual with care and 
attention." Caledonian Mercury, 2ist May 1803. 

MORISON, WILLIAM. Drysdale Street, Alloa, 1841. 

" Takes this opportunity of returning his sincere 
thanks to those who have favoured him with their 
liberal support in the above line. With a continued 
attention to business, he humbly hopes to merit a share 
of public favour. W. M. has always on hand for sale 
a quantity of jewellery and watches which he is deter- 
mined to sell on reasonable terms." Alloa Monthly 
Advertiser, 2nd January 1841. 

MORRISON, ALEXANDER. 252 Argyle Street, Glasgow, 

1837- 
MORRISON, GEORGE. Aberdeen, 1792. 



282 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

MORRISON, GEORGE. Auchtermuchty, 1795. 

MORRISON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1787-94. 

Bound apprentice to David Murray, loth April 1787. 
Discharged of his indentures ist November 1794. 

MORRISON, THEODORE. Bridge of Dee, Aberdeen, 1846. 
MORRISON, WILLIAM. King Street, Glasgow, 1820. 
MORRISON & M'EWEN. Leith Street, Edinburgh, 1849. 
MORTIMER, WILLIAM. Lower Castle Street, Cullen, 

1837- 

MORTIMER, WILLIAM. Portsoy, 1837. 
MORTON, JAMES. Dunbar; died I2th December 1836. 
MORTON, ROBERT S. Dunbar, 1837. 
MOSELY, M. King Street, Glasgow, 1825. 

MOSSMAN & SON. 12 North Bridge and Princes Street, 
Edinburgh, 1813-1906. 

MUIR, JAMES. Glasgow, 1792. 

MUIR, ROBERT. Drakemyr, Dairy, Ayrshire, 1850. 

MUIRHEAD, . 33 Nelson Street, Glasgow, 1838. 

MUIRHEAD, HENRY. Montague Street, Rothesay, 1836. 

MUIRHEAD, HENRY. Royal Exchange Place, Glasgow, 

1839. 
MUIRHEAD, JAMES. Glasgow, 1823. 

MUIRHEAD, JAMES. 90 Buchanan Street, Glasgow, 
1817-41. 

MUNRO, DUGALD. Aberfeldie, 1837. 
MUNRO, HUGH. Dollar, 1837. 
MUNRO, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1783. 

MURDOCH, ANDREW. 20 St Andrew Square, Glasgow, 
1828. 

MURDOCH, JAMES. Bridge Street, Ayr, 1837. 

MURDOCH, JAMES. Tarbolton, 1850. 

MURDOCH, JAMES & SON. Main Street, Ayr, 1820-50. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 283 

MURDOCH, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1752-75. 

" Bound apprentice to Andrew Dickie, 3<Dth October 
1752 ; discharged of his indentures, I7th November 1759, 
John Murdoch, late apprentice to the deceased Andrew 
Dickie; compeared on 3ist July 1767 and produced 
his essay, being a finished watch movement begun, made, 
and finished in his own shop in the presence of Daniel 
Binny, landlord, Robert Clidsdale, Normand Macpherson, 
and James Auchterlony, essay masters as they declared, 
etc." E. H. Records. 

MURDOCH, JOHN. Son of above; booked apprentice to 
his father, I3th April 1767. 

MURRAY, DAVID. Edinburgh, 1769-1832. 

"Born 1 7th October 1755; died 3rd January 1832; 
buried in the Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh; 
booked apprentice to James Cowan, i6th January 1769. 
Compeared and presented a bill craving to be admitted 
a freeman, 22nd February 1779. Compeared and 
presented his essay, being a plain watch movement, 
made and finished in presence of James Howden, land- 
lord ; James Cowan, Samuel Brown, and Thomas 
Sibbald, essay masters as they declared, etc., on I4th 
July 1779." E. H. Records. 

"Lost on the I3th of June, between Crossford and 
Gateside near Dunfermline, a silver watch, out case 
engraved marked J. D. S., maker's name D. Edmonds, 
Liverpool, No. 161. Whoever has found her may apply 
to David Murray, watchmaker, Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, 
who will give a handsome reward." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, I2th July 1787. 

MURRAY, GEORGE. Lochnell Street, Lochgilphead, 1837. 
MURRAY, GEORGE. Doune, 1798. 
MURRAY, JAMES. Perth, 1790. 

Apprenticed to James Young, Perth, 1790. 
MURRAY, JAMES. Mofifat and London, 1823. 

"The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty having 
advertised a premium of ,300 for the best Chronometer 
which should be kept at Greenwich for one year, thirty- 
six were sent thither by the principal chronometer 



284 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

maker in London, and were kept in 1823. It was 
announced that if any chronometer varied six seconds 
it could not obtain a prize. At the end of the year the 
prize was decided to be gained by Mr James Murray, of 
Cornhill, whose instrument on no one month varied 
more than one second and eleven hundred parts of a 
second. This distinguished artist, who had the honour 
of producing the best instrument ever known, is a 
native of MofTat in Dumfries. The Chronometer is 
now sent out with Captain Parry." Glasgow Mechanics' 
Magazine, 1825, vol. ii., page 145. 

MURRAY, JOHN. Lanark, 1790. 
MURRAY, JOHN. Aberdeen, 1843. 
MURRAY, ROBERT. Lauder, 1837. 
MURRAY, R. & R. Lauder. See page 220. 
MURRAY, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1706. 

Son to William Murray, merchant, Edinburgh ; 
booked apprentice to Thomas Gordon, 9th February 1706. 

MYLES, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1676. 

Son lawful to John Myles ; booked apprentice to 
Humphrey Milne or Mills, I2th January 1676. 

MYLNE, J. A. Montrose, 1740. 

MYLNE, JAMES. Windmill Street, Edinburgh, 1793. 
MYLNE, JAMES. West Register Street, Edinburgh, 1793. 
NAPIER. THOMAS. Glasgow, 1789-1803. 

"Lost on Monday, I2th December, a silver watch, 
maker's name Thomas Napier, Glasgow, No. 1688. A 
cornelian seal set in gold affixed to it by a black silk 
ribbon. Whoever will bring it to the Courier office 
will be handsomely rewarded." Glasgow Courier, I4th 
December 1803. 

NAPIER & DUNN. Head of Stockwell, Glasgow, 1783. 
NEALL, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1775. 

Bound apprentice to Turnbull & Aitchison, 28th 
January 1775. 

NEILL, JOHN. Glasgow, 1627-49. See page 161. 
NEILSON, GEORGE. 50 Friars Vennel, Dumfries, 1820. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 285 

NEILSON, JOHN. Glasgow, 1810-17. 

" On the /th of March a boy came into the shop 
of John Neilson, watchmaker, and said he wished to 
purchase a watch. The boy appearing to be only 12 or 
13 years of age, the watchmaker asked at him how much 
money he had ; he said he did not know. He then 
asked leave to count it, which the boy allowed him to 
do. On asking some further questions anent the money, 
he said he got it from an uncle in Tollcross. The 
watchmaker then told him to bring his uncle and he 
would either get his money or a watch. The boy ran 
off and has never yet appeared. Any person who can 
give information concerning this boy or the money 
will be satisfied by applying at 94 Gallowgate, Glasgow." 
Glasgow Courier \ 3ist March 1812. 

" Early on Wednesday morning the shop of Mr John 
Neilson, watchmaker, Gallowgate, Glasgow, near the 
foot of Campbell Street, was broken into, and about 100 
watches, besides seals, chains, etc., amounting in value 
to 500 carried away. The thieves entered by cutting 
the window above a back door, and made their escape 
by the front door, which was bolted in the inside. A 
person with a screw-driver in his possession was secured 
about two o'clock near the spot by the watchman after 
considerable resistance, and is now in custody. He, we 
understand, is an old offender, and the marks on the 
window which was broken open exactly fit the screw- 
driver. It is strongly suspected that a considerable 
party had been engaged in the robbery. About the 
time it happened a disturbance, no doubt intentional, 
took place in Kent Street, which drew the attention of 
the watchmen from their respective stations on the spot ; 
the consequence was the villains were enabled to commit 
their depredations with less chance of it being detected." 
Edinburgh Advertiser, 6th June 1817. 

NEVAY, WILLIAM. Castle Street, Forfar, 1837. 
NEWLANDS, L. F. 130 Trongate, Glasgow, 1816. 
NEWLANDS, JAMES & LUKE. Glasgow, 1823. 

NICHOLSON, JOHN. .52 Bridge Street, Berwick-on- 
Tweed, 1837. 

NICHOLSON, RICHARD. Bridge Street, Berwick-on- 
Tweed, 1806-22. 



286 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

NICOL, JAMES. Mill Lane, Kilmarnock, 1850. 

NICOL, JOSEPH. Coupar Angus, 1801-37. 

" Mary or May Edward or Nicoll, wife of Joseph 
Nicoll, watchmaker in Coupar Angus, served Heir 
General to her father, John Edward, Flesher there, 
dated loth July 1801. Recorded 7th August 1801." 
Services of Heirs. 

NICOLL, JAMES, or NICCOLL. Canongate, Edinburgh, 
1721-60. 

Apprenticed to Alexander Brand, 1721. Admitted 
freeman clock and watch maker, Canongate Hammer- 
men, 2nd July 1729. 

This individual was present at the execution of 
Andrew Wilson, when the spectators were fired on by 
command of Captain Porteous. The story is most 
graphically described in Sir Walter Scott's Heart of 
Midlothian. We give Nicoll's evidence as it is reported 
in the volume of State Trials, for the year 1736 when 
the occurrence took place : - 

"James Nicoll, watchmaker in Canongate, aged 
36 years or thereby, married, 1 solemnly sworn, purged 
of malice, partial council examined and interrogated, 
deponed, that he was present, time and place libelled, 
at the execution of Andrew Wilson, and that he did 
observe panel, fire his gun, holding it straight before him 
amongst the multitude there assembled ; and as he heard 
the report of the gun, so he observed the smoke of the 
powder coming from the gun, and this shot was the first 
he heard upon that occasion, and the panel when thus 
fired was standing betwixt the gibbet and one Mr 
Cunninghame's shop on the north side of the street, 
near the north-east end of the scaffold ' Causa Scientie 
Patet.' And this is the truth as he shall answer to 
God. Sic Sub'scribitur, JAMES NlCOLL and DAVID 
ERSKINE." 

A capital example of this maker's handiwork is now 

1 He apparently was married twice, for according to the Edinburgh 
Register of Marriages, his name appears as having married Charlotta 
Bachelor, residenter in Edinburgh, igth March 1748. Of course, it 
might be a son of his that, this last date refers to, but no evidence is 
available as to relationship. 




LONG CASE CLOCK, 

In mahogany case. By James 

Nicoll, Edinburgh, 1721-60. The 

property of the Royal Bank of 

Scotland, Edinburgh. (See p. 286.) 




LONG CASE CLOCK, 
In oak case. By Thomas Gordon, 
Edinburgh, 1688-1743. The property 
of John Whimster, Esq., St Mary's, 
Ontario, Canada. (See p. 1 68.) 



[To face page 286. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 287 

located in one of the rooms of the Royal Bank of 
Scotland, St Andrew Square, Edinburgh, and it is 
worth noting that although the surname on this 
particular clock is spelt " Niccoll " instead of" Nicoll," this 
difference may be due rather to the vagary of the 
engraver than to any attempt of the maker to spell 
his surname with the two c's. 

NICOLL, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1740-75. 
Married 28th April 1745. 

" Booked apprentice to Patrick Gordon, 1740. Com- 
peared 4th June 1748, and presented a bill craving to be 
admitted a freeman clock and watch maker. Compeared 
on 1 6th Sept. 1748, and presented his essay, viz., a plain 
eight-day clock, which was found to be a well wrought 
essay, etc. His essay masters were John Brown, Alex- 
ander Brand, and William Richardson. His essay was 
made in his own shop, and Patrick Gordon, landlord."- 
E. H. Records. 

"Lost on Thursday night, the 27th April 1750, 
betwixt Todrick's Wynd and the Fish Market Close, a 
fashionable silver watch, maker's name William Liptrot, 
London, No. 205. If any can give account of it let them 
call at William Nicoll, watchmaker, first turnpike above 
Bell's Wynd, Edinburgh, where they will be rewarded 
for their trouble." Caledonian Mercury, 7th May 1750. 

"Sarah Nicoll or Ramage, wife of William Nicoll, 
watchmaker, Edinburgh, served Heir Portioner General 
to her uncle, George Ramsay, Shipmaster, Linktown 
of Arnot, dated 3rd July 1753." Services of Heirs. 

" Lost on Saturday, the 7th instant, betwixt the 
Abbey Hill and Jock's Lodge, a large silver watch, 
maker's name Deschurines, London, without a number, 
with a gold rim round the glass, and with a shagreen 
case studded with Pinchbeck; a black leather string 
with a small padlock key and the watch key hanging to 
it. Whoever will bring the same to Mr William Nicoll, 
watchmaker, Back of the Guard, Edinburgh, shall receive 
a handsome reward." Ibid., loth June 1755. 

" There was lost on Wednesday last betwixt the east 
corner of the Meadows and the Cage, a silver watch, 
maker's name William Nicoll, Edinburgh, No. 70. 



288 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Whoever returns the same to Mr William Nicoll, 
watchmaker, at the Back of the Guard, Edinburgh, 
shall have half a guinea reward and no questions 
asked." Edinburgh Evening Courant^ 25th May 1767. 

" Lost by a Lady on Wednesday the 6th instant, at 
Mr Strange's ball or going home in the chair, the 
'outwart' case of a watch 'chassed' in gold, and 
whoever has found the same and will bring it to 
William Nicoll, watchmaker, at the Back of the Guard, 
shall have one guinea reward and no questions asked." 
Caledonian Mercury, 9th March 1771. 

NIMMO, ALEXANDER. High Street, Kirkcaldy, 1820. 
NIMMO, ALEXANDER. Leith, 1819. 
NIMMO, J. New Quay, Leith, 1806. 
NISBET, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1760. 

Booked apprentice to Daniel Binny, 8th Nov. 1760. 
NOBLE, JOHN. Perth, 1791. 

Apprenticed to James Greig, 1791. 
NORRIE, DAVID. Leith, 1787-1811. 

Admitted freeman clock and watch maker, Canongate 
Hammermen, i6th November 1787; was in business 
New Quay, Leith, up to 1801 ; continued by his widow 
in North Leith up to 1811. 

OGG, HENDRIE. High Street, Dunfermline, 1820. 

OGG & M'MILLAN. 30 Regent Quay, Aberdeen, 1846. 

OLIPHANT, ALEXANDER. Anstruther Easter. 

Nephew of John Smith, Pittenweem ; born on i8th 
June 1784, at Pittenweem; served his apprenticeship 
with his uncle ; started business in Anstruther Easter 
about 1818. Clock made by him in possession of his 
grandson Mr Oliphant, Stenton House, Elie, Fife. 

OLIPHANT, ALEXANDER. Shore, Anstruther, 1837. 
OLIPHANT, ALEXANDER. Pittenweem, 1815-40. 
ORR, JAMES. East Breast, Greenock, 1817. 
ORR, WILLIAM. Bradshaw Street, Saltcoats, 1850. 
OTT, WILLIAM. 48 Leith Street, Edinburgh, 1850. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 289 

PAISLEY Notices regarding the Common Clock of, 1603. 

22nd November 1603. "The quhilk day it is aggreit 
betwix the Baillies and Counsell of this burgh of Paisley 
on the ane pairt, John Wallace, Smythe, and Thomas 
Quytfurd, cautioner for him, on the other pairt, that the 
said John Wallace sail not onlie keip and oyill the 
knock, and gif onie pairt thairof breckis that scho [so] 
neids mending, he sail mak and mend the samin upon 
his awin expensis, and als sail ring and knell the samin 
ilk nicht at ten houris at even, for the space of ane yeir 
next efter the dait heirof, for the quhilk causis and for 
the said John Wallace making of ane quheel quhilk wes 
broken of the said knock, mending and graithing of hir, 
and keeping of the samin in order for the said space of 
ane yeir, and for making of ane iron band or clasp to 
the Brig Port, the Baillies and Counsell actet and 
obleist thame to caus thar Treasurer pay to the said 
John Wallace the sowme of ten merkis fyve schilling 
usuall money of this realm for his wark, expensis, travell, 
and painis in mending and keeping of the said knock." 
Extracted from the Burgh Records of Paisley ', 1902. 
Edited with an introduction by W. M. Metcalfe, D.D., 
F.S.A. Scot. 

PANTON, JAMES. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1750-65. 

Apprenticed to James Nicoll, Qth November 1750. 
Admitted freeman clock and watch maker, Canongate 
Hammermen, 22nd November 1760. 

PANTON, ROBERT. 79 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 1825. 
PARK, GEORGE. Fishcross Street, Fraserburgh, 1836. 

PARK, JAMES. Kilmacolm, 1802. 

"There was found in the parish of Kilmacolm some 
time ago, a gold watch. Any person producing the 
maker's name and number or any sufficient proof of the 
watch being theirs, may have it on paying necessary 
charges, by applying to James Park, clockmaker, Kil- 
macolm." Glasgow Courier p , 4th May 1802. 

PARK, JOHN. Inverurie, 1837. 



290 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

PARKER, MATTHEW. Dunfermline, 1786-1830. 

We have been unable to trace where this maker 
belonged to, but he occupies the unique position of 
being one of the three men, born or resident in Fife, who 
did so much for the art and craft of clockmaking during 
the closing years of the eighteenth century. We have 
John Smith in the East Neuk, Thomas Reid born in 
Dysart, and Matthew Parker in the west part of the 
" Kingdom," each of whom excelled in their vocation. 
Their gifts of execution were of course unequal ; John 
Smith perhaps excelling in what may be termed great 
mechanical skill, but this, when pitted against the 
attainments of the other two, made a poor show. 
Thomas Reid was far and away the master of the trio, 
but in the description of the clock which follows, made 
by Matthew Parker, it will be seen that he- had some 
claims to be recognised as a craftsman of no mean skill, 
combining great mechanical execution with a masterly 
grasp of the intricate calculations necessary for its 
construction. Its location, if in existence, is unknown 
to us, but it and the fact that he made a new clock 
for Dunfermline Town House in 1796, and was also 
responsible for the introduction of the Jacquard Loom 
into Dunfermline 1820-30, is the only information that 
can be gleaned about this capable man. 

" To THE CURIOUS AND INGENIOUS. To be seen at 
Launie's Auction Room, Clam-Shell, Turnpike, High 
Street, Edinburgh, on Monday, the 24th of July, and 
every lawful day from ten till six o'clock, a Planetary 
and Musical Clock of exquisite workmanship in an 
elegant mahogany case made by Matthew Parker, 
Dunfermline, and performs the following motions, viz., 
points out the rising and falling of the horizon to show 
the sun's and moon's rising and setting every day 
through the year, shows the annual and diurnal motion 
of the earth when the sun is in the equinox and on the 
meridian, the revolving of the moon round the compass 
with its changes, and quarters, her lunation, viz., 29 
days, 12 hours, 45 minutes, High water at any port in 
Britain by a motion convertible, the golden number 
epact, Dominical letter, the perpetual day of the month 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 291 

and year with numbers and notes for the same. Plays 
a variety of tunes, with curious figures in the arch, and 
goes one year without winding up. 

" It is proposed to dispose of said clock by way of a 
lottery at IDS. 6d. each ticket, and as soon as a sufficient 
number of subscribers are procured, the time and place 
of drawing will be advertised in all the Edinburgh 
newspapers. Tickets to be had at the auction room, 
Messrs William Roy, watchmaker, Dunfermline, James 
Christie, Vinter, Kirkcaldy, and Alexander Lumsden, 
merchant, Borrowstounness. Admission to see the clock, 
6d. each, subscribers gratis." Caledonian Mercury, 22nd 
July 1786. 

A careful search for the results of this lottery has 
been made without success, and the probability is that 
the clock is still located in the county where it was 
originally made. 

PARKINSON, ROGER. Edinburgh, 1745-61. 

Maker of new clock in Haddington Town House, 
1745- 
PATEN, ARCHIBALD. Edinburgh, 1722. 

" Son to ye decesit Archd. Paten, miller at ye 
Water of Leith ; booked apprentice to John Brown, loth 
November 1722." E. H. Records: 

PATERSON, ALEXANDER. Leith, 1814. 

Was in business before this date, but being prosecuted 
for working as an unfreeman, joined the Canongate 
Hammermen in 1814. 

PATERSON, GEORGE & Co. Cotton, Aberdeen, 1836. 

PATERSON, JAMES. Banff, 1779 to about 1829. 

" Admitted and received Burgess and Guild Brother 
of the Burgh of Banff on account of the singular regard 
the said magistrates bear to him." Burgess Act in 
favour of James Paterson, watchmaker, Banff, dated 
1 4th June 1779, on parchment. 

Baptised at Mill of Durn, Fordyce, 2ist April 1757. 
Buried at Banff, i$th October 1829. 



292 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

PATERSON, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1789-1825. 

"Bound apprentice to James Howden, 2Oth July 
1789; compeared 1st February 1806 and presented his 
essay, a watch movement begun, made, and finished in 
his own shop, in presence of James Howden, landlord, 
Robert Green, John Sibbald, and Laurence Dalgleish, 
essay masters as they declared." E. H. Records. 

"James Paterson acquaints his friends and the 
public that having been near fifteen years with Mr 
James Howden learning and practising the art of watch 
and clock making, he has now opened shop for himself 
at the foot of Lawnmarket, north side, where, by 
attention to business, he hopes to attain a share of 
public favour. A variety of fashionable clocks and 
watches always on hand. Watches and clocks cleaned 
and repaired upon moderate terms. Orders from the 
country carefully attended to." -Edinburgh Evening 
Courant y 2nd June 1804. 

" PATERSON, JAMES, Watch and Clock Maker, at 
the sign of the Gilded Watch, foot of the Lawn- 
market, north side, opposite the City Guard, grateful 
for past favours, informs his friends and the public 
that he has always on hand a good stock of eight- 
day clocks in mahogany and wainscot cases ; also a 
great variety of watches in gold, silver, and gilt cases, 
which he can recommend as good and useful articles. 
As it is acknowledged by every one that no person can 
be a proper judge of a watch but those who have been 
bred to and are workmen and understand the business, 
J. P., being himself a workman, and having a proper 
knowledge of the trade, flatters himself that a discerning 
public will see the advantage of and security that they 
have in purchasing from such as are judges of what they 
recommend. Clocks and Watches of every description 
cleaned and repaired in the best manner and on 
moderate terms." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 9th 
April 1809. 

PATERSON, JOHN. North Leith, 1807. 

Admitted a freeman clock and watch maker, Canon- 
gate Hammermen, nth August 1807. 

" Lost a few days ago a silver watch, maker's name 
Thos. Martin, London, No. 9090. Any person who 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 293 

may have found the^ same, on restoring it to John 
Paterson, watchmaker, North Leith, shall receive a 
reward. Watchmakers and others are requested to be 
on their guard if it is offered for sale." Edinburgh 
Evening C our ant, nth May 1809. 

PATERSON, PATRICK. Edinburgh, 1728. 

Son to George Paterson of Dunmore ; booked 
apprentice to Thomas Gordon, 2ist September 1728. 

PATERSON, WALTER. Edinburgh, 1744. 

" Stolen out of Pierre Lamotia, dancing master, his 
garden at Lillyporhall, about half a mile west of New- 
haven, a black marble horizontal dial of an octagon 
figure, with each second, minute, or the distance of each 
hour divided into thirty parts with a fleur de luce at 
the half hours. It has also the Equation Table and 
eight points of the compass on it and a brass stile made 
for the latitude of 56 degrees. The maker's name, 
Walter Paterson. Any person who can inform the 
author of this paper about the said dial so as it can be 
got back shall be handsomely rewarded." Caledonian 
Mercury ', I2th January 1744. 

PATERSON, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1768-74. 

"Booked apprentice to James Duff, 9th July 1768. 
Transferred from James Duff to James Gray, 29th 
January 1774. William Paterson, sometime apprentice 
to James Duff and afterwards transferred to James 
Gray, on account of some difference between him and 
James Gray, is allowed by the Incorporation's consent to 
serve out the remainder of his time with any master he 
can find." E. H. Records. 

PATERSON, . Carbarns, 1700. 

Made brass dial clocks as a hobby. 

PATERSON, - . Glasgow, 1824. 

" MR PATERSON'S IMPROVED CLOCK. A clock which 
shows the hours, minutes, and seconds on a more 
improved plan than either Franklin's or Ferguson's."- 
Described and illustrated in Glasgow Mechanics* 
Magazine, I7th May 1824. 



294 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

PATON, DAVID. Dunfermline, 1824. 

"PLANETARIUM AND LUNARIUM.- These two 

machines were made in the year 1824 by David Paton, 
Dunfermline. The Planetarium, a very fine one, was 
made of wood, wooden wheels, wooden pinions, tin tubes, 
etc. It showed with great accuracy the mean motion of 
all the planets round the sun. The Lunarium showed 
the apparent diurnal revolutions of the sun and moon, 
as also the time of high water and low water at 
Limekilns." HENDERSON'S Annals of Dunfermline. 

PATON, JAMES. Niddry's Wynd, Edinburgh, 1773. 
PATTISON, JAMES. Glasgow, 1824. 
PAUL, THOMAS. 45 Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow, 1837. 
PAXTON, JOHN. Bridge Street, Kelso, 1837. 

PEARSON, THOMAS. Western Lane, Berwick-on-Tweed, 
1820. 

PEARSON, WILLIAM. Berwick-on-Tweed, 1843. 

PEAT, JOHN. CriefT, 1782. 

1782 is the date of the clock in the tower of Kenmore 
Church. Peat was paid in 1781 40 for the clock, less 
2 allowed for the old one, which he then removed. 

PEAT, THOMAS. Stirling, 1818. 
PEAT, THOMAS. CriefT, 1784. 

PEATT, DAVID. CriefT, 1844. 

"John Peatt, merchant in Glasgow, served Heir 
General to his father, David Peatt, watchmaker in CriefT, 
dated 2Oth December 1844; recorded 24th December 
1 844." Services of Heirs. 

PEDDIE, ANDREW. 20 Broad Street, Stirling, 1806-32. 

" Houses in Stirling for sale which belonged to the 
deceased Robert Sconce, writer, etc. All and whole 
that tenement in Broad Street as presently occupied by 
Andrew Peddie, clockmaker." Stirling Journal, 5th May 
1825. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 295 

PEDDIE, JAMES. Stirling, 1786. 

" There was lost or stolen in Stirling a silver watch, 
carved on the outer case, the maker's name, engraved 
in the inside and on the. dial plate, Rose & Son, 
London, with no number. Any watchmaker who will 
stop her and give information of the same shall have 
one pound sterling by delivering her to James Peddie, 
watchmaker, Stirling." -Edinburgh Evening C our ant ^ 
February 1786. 

PEDDIE, JAMES. Stirling, 1801-50. 
PEEBLES, JAMES. Town Head, Selkirk, 1836. 

PEEBLES Notices regarding the Common Clock of the 
burgh of, from 1462 to 1632. 

23773? October 14.62. "Item, that ilk the gude men of 
the quest statuted and ordained that whoever break the 
price of bread or ale shall be fined xiijd. (which is to be 
given) to the buying of a knok." 

\AjJi November 1494. "Item, the burgh mails are 
assigned to Sir Thomas of Craufurde for his clerk's fee 
and to Sir Patrik of Stanhous for his fee for keeping of 
the knok." 

2nd March 1497. " George of Myrra for ten 
schillinges payed for oil to the knok." 

1509. "The quilk day was made burgess William 
Tuedall (and the fees) given to Sir Patrik for oil and 
cords to the knok." 

i8/// January 1556. "The inquiest ordains to cause 
make an new door to the steeple and ordains James 
Frank to fulfil all points of his promise and contract 
betwixt him and the town anent the steeple and knok." 

tfh March 1556. "And likemanner finds that the 
baillies has failed that causit nocht James Frank 
reform the points of his contract anent the knok and 
steeple as the said contract proportis, and ordains 
them to cause the said James to have all things that 
pertains to the town in his keeping in readiness to be 
delivered to the council, and to warn him instantly to 
remove from keeping of their common house and knok 
at Beltane next to come quhill [until] he and the town 
agree." 



296 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

2nd December 1 564. " The council gave the keeping 
of their knok and common house in the steeple to 
Thomas Dikesoun, son to William Dikesoun off Winks- 
toun, and the said Thomas fand [found or got] William 
Dikesoun, his father, and John Dikesoun, his aperand, 
and their heir's surety and caution, that the bell and 
knok sauld keip na skayth in the keeping of the said 
Thomas nor others quilk he should appoint under him, 
but in any skayth [damage] was sustained by their fault 
the said sureties obliges thair gudes and lands for 
recompence of the samin." 

6th December 1570. "Siclyke ordains the steeple 
and knok to be orderly and sufficiently kept (use and 
wont) and to ring xij houris, vj houris, and courfyre 
nychtlie, and to pay Andro Frank his fee therefore 
byganes as to come always quhill he be dischargit." 

$th March 1632. " Compeared personally Johnne 
Robene, burgess of Peblis, and being received, sworn, 
and admitted Javellour and keeper of the steeple and 
keeper guyder and rewlar of the knok, and to ring the 
bells at the ordinary tyme accustomed and appointed." 

22nd January 1650. " Alexander Williamsone being 
appointed Javellour and keeper of the steeple of Peblis and 
keeper guyder and rewlar of the knok theirof and to ring 
the bells of the same." Records of the Burgh of Peebles. 

In I797, 1 the year of the tax on clocks and watches, 
there was made the following returns to the assessors : 

1 In connection with this short-lived tax, repealed 1798, the following 
was announced in the Edinburgh Evening Courant : 

" Edinburgh^ i^th July 1797. At a meeting held of the watch and 
clock makers in and about Edinburgh to consider the effects likely to be 
produced by the Bill before Parliament proposing an annual duty on 
the wearers of watches, it was resolved unanimously that the intended 
tax on watches and clocks was partial and oppressive and would be the 
means of annihilating the trade, and depriving many thousands of 
manufacturers of employ ; besides the object of it would be entirely 
defeated by its lessening the number of clocks and watches manu- 
factured, and would consequently diminish the annual duty on gold and 
silver cases. The watchmakers in and about Edinburgh do therefore 
agree to join in all legal and constitutional measures to prevent the Act 
passing into law and appointed a committee to correspond with the 
manufacturers of London and other cities in England." 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 297 

"In the town of Peebles 15 clocks, 19 silver, and 2 
gold watches. In the country part of the parish, 4 
clocks, 5 silver and no gold watches. In the whole 
county, town, and parish of Peebles included, 106 clocks 
112 silver, and 35 gold watches. CHAMBERS'S History of 
Peeblesshire. 

PEET, THOMAS. Bow, Stirling, 1820. 
PEN, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1696. 

Booked journeyman to Andrew Brown, I2th 
November 1696. 

PENMAN, ROBERT. High Street, Dunfermline, 1820. 
PENNECUIK, JAMES. Glasgow, 1791. 
PETERKIN, J. Mint, Edinburgh, 1825. 

Clock Dial Maker. 
PETERS, DAVID. 84 High Street, Arbroath, 1837. 

PETRIE, JOHN & WILLIAM. New Deer, Aberdeenshire, 
1846. 

PETTIGREW, JOHN, or PETTYGREW. Portsburgh, 
Edinburgh, 1780-1804. 

" Stolen from James Anderson's house, West Pans, 
near Musselburgh, a silver watch, maker's name John 
Pettygrew, Edinburgh, No. i. Whoever will restore 
the said watch to John Pettygrew, watchmaker, Ports- 
burgh, Edinburgh, or to James Anderson, West Pans, 
shall receive one guinea reward." Caledonian Mercury, 
6th June 1780. 

" Rachel Pettigrew or Reid, wife of John Reid 
Glasgow, served Heir of Provision and General to her 
brother, John Pettigrew, watchmaker, Edinburgh, dated 
24th February 1804. Recorded 4th March 1804."- 
Services of Heirs. 

PHILLIP, ALEXANDER. Glasgow, 1803. 

PHILLIP, ALEXANDER. 6oB Princes Street, Edinburgh, 
1814-37. 

" Lost on Saturday last, betwixt Edinburgh and 
Kirkliston, a Cairngorm Seal set in gold and engraved 
D.C., also a small pebble seal and gold key. Whoever 
may have found the same, and will return it to Mr 



298 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Mackenzie, Red Lion Inn, Linlithgow, or Mr Phillip, 
watchmaker, Greenside Street, Edinburgh, shall be 
handsomely rewarded." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
2ist April 1814. 
PHILLIP, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1796-1846. 

Bound apprentice to Robert Green, nth March 1796. 
Discharged of his indentures I3th May 1803. 

"William Phillip, Clock and Watch Maker, 27 
Thistle Street, respectfully intimates to his friends and 
the public that he has removed from 35 Thistle Street, 
where he has been for the last six years, to a larger and 
more commodious shop in the same street, three doors 
further east, in which he continues to carry on the 
business of clock and watch making in all its branches 
and will endeavour to merit a share of the public 
favour by unremitting attention and moderate charges. 
William Phillip was for 12 years previous to the death 
of the late Mr George Watson, watchmaker and jeweller, 
High Street, the sole person employed by him in his 
clock and watch making department. On this ground 
he presumes to solicit the patronage of Mr Watson's 
former customers. W. P. continues to repair musical 
boxes, and has at present for sale a Musical Box, 
Geneva made, superior to any that are usually brought 
to this country, the keys have a range of seven octaves, 
and the chime barrel is adapted for the four following 
tunes : ' Kinloch, Tirohorme Ditanti, Palpiti, and Chant 
du Crone.' To be sold at a greatly reduced price."- 
Edinburgh Evening Courant^ 7th August 1824. 

"William Phillip begs to intimate to his numerous 
employers and the public in general that he has just 
removed from his premises in Thistle Street, in which he 
has been for many years, to that large corner shop, 
No. 50 Hanover Street (corner of Thistle Street), which 
he has opened with a complete assortment of everything 
connected with that line of business. Having thus 
procured the most ample accommodation for carrying on 
his business, W. P. hopes to secure by steadiness and 
attention a continuance of -the patronage he has hitherto 
so largely experienced and for which he takes this 
opportunity of expressing his thanks. W. P. can at 
present recommend with confidence his stock of Gold 
and Silver watches, particularly those with the detached 
lever escapement, which from experience he can warrant 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 299 

to give the most complete satisfaction. The greatest 
attention given as formerly to the repairing and cleaning 
of Clocks and Watches and Musical Boxes of every 
description." Ibid., 22nd July 1826. 

"William Phillip begs to inform his friends and the 
public that he intends removing to No. 48 Hanover 
Street, only two doors south from his present shop, same 
side, and to make room for an entire new assortment of 
goods which he purposes to open his new shop with, he 
will this day commence a sale of his present stock of 
clocks and watches at greatly reduced prices. The 
Clocks and Watches are in a variety of escapements and 
warranted of the very best workmanship." Ibid., I4th 
February 1831. 

" Some days ago a robbery was committed in the 
shop of Mr Phillip, watchmaker, Hanover Street, under 
the following circumstances. Mr Phillip had, while at 
his dinner, left his shop in the charge of his apprentice, 
a lad between 15 and 16 years of age. One of the 
workmen sent out the boy upon a pretended message, 
and during his absence abstracted four gold watches and 
a silver one from a glass case. On the boy returning he 
discovered what had taken place and accused the man 
of the theft. This the latter denied for some time, until 
finding the boy resolute in his statement he decamped 
the shop, followed by his accuser, who, however, lost 
sight of him at the corner of St David St. Information 
of the circumstances was immediately communicated to 
the police and every effort has been made to discover 
the delinquent but hitherto without success." Ibid., 
25th June 1846. 

PHINN, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1761. 

Engraver of clock dials ; was in business east wing of 
New Exchange, High Street, Edinburgh. 

PICKEN, CHARLES. Edinburgh, 1784-1800. 

"Bound apprentice to William Thomson, i$th June 
1784. The incorporation gave their consent that Charles 
Picken, apprentice to the deceased William Thomson, 
serving out the remainder of his indentures with James 
Howden, 7th May 1785. Discharged of his indentures 
23rd July 1791." E.H. Records. 

"Janet Picken or Smellie, widow of Charles 



300 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

watchmaker, Edinburgh, served Co-heir of Provision 
General to Allan Boyd, Maltster in Lanark, dated 25th 
December 1800. Recorded 2nd January 1801." 
Services of Heirs. 

PICKEN, JOHN. Leith, 1822-30. 

PICKEN, JOHN. 8 Gilmour Street, Edinburgh, 1796-1850. 
" Bound apprentice to James Howden, 2Qth March 
1796. Compeared on 3Oth April 1808, and produced 
his essay, a clock movement, begun, made, and finished 
in his own shop, in presence of James Howden, landlord, 
Robert Green, James Paterson and John Sibbald, essay 
masters, as they declared, etc." E. H. Records. 

PICKEN, THOMAS. 114 West Bow, Edinburgh, 1813-1850. 
Bound apprentice to John Picken, iSth June 1813. 
Discharged of his indentures 3ist July 1820. 

PINCHBECK, EDWARD. Edinburgh, 1745. 

No apology is needed in introducing the man's name 
among the lists of Scottish Clockmakers, seeing the 
metal or alloy called Pinchbeck gold was well known 
and used all over Scotland. The fact that the above 
individual, son of Christopher Pinchbeck, the inventor 
of the metal, was resident for some little time in Edin- 
burgh, has hitherto escaped notice. We give his own 
words in the advertisements which follow, and may 
mention that the year he was in Edinburgh was a 
time of great anxiety to all business men, owing to the 
rumours in the city of the approach of Prince Charles 
Stuart and his army. No doubt that this factor must 
have occasioned Edward Pinchbeck some anxiety, which 
is easily seen in his determination to quit Edinburgh, 

" Pinchbeck, Toyman, from the Musical Clock in 
Cheapside, London. To prevent the great impositions 
that have a long while been carried on by persons 
who deal to and in this city and pretend to have and 
sell the true Pinchbeck metal, though they have not 
one grain, Mr Pinchbeck has himself taken a shop at 
the Head of the Canongate, the corner of Leith Wynd, 
where Gentlemen, Ladies, and Merchants may be 
accommodated with any sorts of toys in his curious 
metal (the particular properties of which are such that 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 301 

where the same care is taken with it in the wear as with 
gold, it answers the same end in every respect, and so 
nearly resembles it in all its most beautiful capabilities 
that it has often deceived the best judges even on the 
touchstone). 

"Chased and Plain Watches, Snuff Boxes, Tweezer 
Cases, Pocket Cases, Toothpick Cases, Canes and Cane- 
Heads, Swords and Sword Hilts, Buckles, Coat and 
Sleeve Buttons, Seals, Thimbles, Stay Hooks, Rings, 
Earrings, Trinkets for ladies' watches, such as Hearts, 
Buckles, Eggs, Globes, Acorns, Tuns, Bottles, and, in 
short, anything in his metal that is made either in Gold 
or Silver by the best workmen and in the neatest 
manner. 

" N.B. He allows half-a-crown an ounce for his 
metal as usual and buys old gold and silver or any 
curious stones." Caledonian Mercury, I4th January 
1745- 

" This is to acquaint the public that Mr Pinchbeck, at 
the Head of the Canongate, the corner of Leith Wynd, 
being sent for home with all expedition on very urgent 
business, and as there are no ships immediately bound 
from this place for London with a proper convoy, so that 
he cannot at present have an opportunity of sending his 
goods to London, and as the leaving of them here will 
be of great loss to him, he begs leave to give this 
public notice to all gentlemen, ladies, and merchants, 
that he will dispose of what goods he has remaining 
under prime cost. 

"N.B. He will have no longer time to dispose of 
them than till the i6th of next month, he being obliged 
to set out next day for London." Ibid., 8th March 1745. 

" That as Mr Pinchbeck, at the Head of the Canon- 
gate, having formerly advertised of his departure from 
this place to London some time last week, yet as he 
had been imposed upon in bargaining about a certain 
particular, and in seeking redress for such an imposition, 
he being a stranger has been used in a very harsh and 
arbitrary manner. He therefore is advised to stay 
longer here in order to have justice done him agreeably 
to the laws of the country, and it is upon this account 
only he acquaints the publick of his former advertisement 
at the usual place where Gentlemen, Ladies, and others 
will be attended as usual." Ibid., 25th March 1745. 



302 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

PINKERTON, JOHN. Haddington, 1804-50. 

PIRRIE, JOHN. I King Street, Perth, 1820; appointed 
receiving postmaster 1848; died 6th February 1857. 

PIRRIE, J. Cullen, 1830-50; died about 1870. 

Made the town clock in Cullen, and the turret clock 
of the Home Farm, Cullen House. 

PITCAIRN & ROBERTSON. 9 Wellmeadows Street, 

Paisley, 1836. 
POARSON, EMMANUEL. Edinburgh, 1700. 

Booked journeyman to Paul Romieu, 1700. 

POLWARTH, WILLIAM. Dunse, 1825. 

"William Polwarth, watchmaker in Dunse, served 
Heir in General to his brother, John Polwarth, Purser, 
R.N., dated 9th June 1825. Recorded i?th June 1825." 
Services of Heirs. 

PORTER, ROBERT. Polwarth Street, Galston, 1850. 
POTTS, JAMES. Western Lane, Berwick-on-Tweed, 1806. 
POURIE, HENRY. Bridgend, Perth, 1820. 
POWRIE, HENRY. Edinburgh and Glasgow, 1822-37. 

" Henry Powrie, Glasgow, once watchmaker, Edin- 
burgh, served Heir of Provision Genera] to his wife, 
G. Richardson, widow of Alexander Skae, Edinburgh, 
dated 6th December 1837. Recorded i8th December 
1 8 3 7- " Services of Heirs. 

POZZIE, JOSEPH (POZZIE & STEWART). Elgin, sub- 
sequent to 1820. 

PRINGLE, ADAM. Bristo Street, Edinburgh, 1794-1820. 

" Lost on Wednesday last betwixt Dicksons' Nursery 
and the foot of Leith Walk, a metal watch, outer case 
covered with tortoise-shell, maker's name Jno. Rayley, 
No. 3681. If the same is offered for sale to watch- 
makers or others, please acquaint Mr Pringle, watch- 
maker, Bristo Street, or give notice thereof at the 
Printing Office." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 23rd 
May 1801. 

"There was lost upon the 9th of October current, 
near the Grange Toll, a gold watch, indented outer case, 
caped and jewelled, maker's name James Howden, 
Edinburgh, No. 73 1, with two gold seals and a steel chain. 
Whoever has found the said watch shall receive Three 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 303 

Guineas of reward and no questions asked. Apply to 
Mr Pringle, watchmaker) Bristo Street, Edinburgh. It is 
requested that any person to whom the said watch may 
be offered will detain her." Ibid., I3th October 1808. 

PRINGLE, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1793-1822. 

Bound apprentice to Thomas Reid, loth January 
I793- 
PRINGLE, GEORGE & SON. High Street, Edinburgh, 1822. 

"EDINBURGH WOODEN AND MUSICAL CLOCK 
MANUFACTORY, 227 High Street, Edinburgh. George 
Pringle and Son respectfully intimate that they have now 
on sale at moderate charges an excellent assortment of 
wooden clocks both foreign and of their own manufacture. 
G. P. and Son have at present for sale an elegant musical 
clock just finished, which plays a variety of the most 
favourite Scots Airs. From the superiority of the 
workmanship they flatter themselves that upon inspec- 
tion, both as to the music and mechanism, this article 
will give the utmost satisfaction. Clocks of all kinds 
made and repaired on reasonable terms. Orders from 
the country punctually attended to." Scotsman, 2 1st 
May 1825. 

" George Pringle and Son respectfully intimate to 
their friends and the public that they carry on the 
above business in all its branches Kitchen and Alarm 
Clocks, Musical and Fancy do., in great variety. 
Musical Clocks and Barrel Organs repaired and set to 
new music. G. P. and Son have at present for sale a 
superior musical clock having an eight-day movement 
elegantly fitted up in a mahogany case of the Gothic 
order, which performs a variety of Scots Airs. As a 
prejudice exists that such articles cannot be made nor 
repaired by others than foreigners, G. P. and Son, to 
obviate such, have only to invite an inspection of their 
stock." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 5th November 
1825. 

PRINGLE, JAMES. Dalkeith, 1763. 

PRINGLE, THOMAS. Edinburgh; died at 54 Bristo Street, 
4th June 1825. We have been unable to ascertain to 
which family of Edinburgh clockmakers he belonged. 

PRINGLE, THOMAS. Dalkeith, 1830-36. Business con- 
tinued by his widow. 



304 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

PRINGLE, WILLIAM. 99 Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, 
1825-36. 

PROCTER, ALEXANDER. Tarland, 1837. 

PROCTER, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1749. 

" Seal Cutter and Lapidary near the Palace of 
Holyrood House, first close within the Strand, north side 
of the street. Cuts stones of all sorts for Watch Cases, 
Snuff Boxes, Rings and Ear-rings, Coat, Vest, and Sleeve 
Buttons, according to his employers' fancies. Daily 
customers served pretty quickly by his having plenty of 
hands at work and a good collection always by him 
ready to cut." Caledonian Mercury, 22nd August 1749. 

PURDOUNE, ANDREW. Glasgow, 1657. See page 162. 

PURVES, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1539. 

This individual is one of the first Scottish clock- 
makers we have authentic history about. For the notes 
on the Common Clocks of the burghs of Aberdeen, 
Dundee, and Stirling, his name occurs there as either 
making or repairing the public clocks of these respective 
towns. That this is the same craftsman mentioned in 
each is without doubt, and it is singular that his name 
should turn up in the records of these places. Where 
he was a native of we have been unable to trace, but 
all the evidence available points to him as being a 
native and burgess of Edinburgh. This latter fact is 
brought out in the contract regarding the Dundee 
clock, but it may be noted that the burgess-ship con- 
ferred there was invariably bestowed at that period on 
craftsmen who were brought to any particular town on 
special work, so as to bring them into line, so to speak, 
with the incorporations already established there. 
From an inspection of the Edinburgh Hammermen* s 
Records we find that a William Purves was appointed 
to a responsible post in the management of that craft in 
1541-42. This accords with his movements as recorded 
in the Aberdeen notes, and although his name does not 
turn up again in the Edinburgh records, this can be 
accounted for by his travels over all the country, ful- 
filling the contracts which he executed. He probably 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 305 

died before 1 560, as in the notes on the Town Clocks 
of Edinburgh it will be observed that the magistrates 
entered into a contract with a craftsman in Leith to 
perform the work, the surmise being that Purves was 
dead and no other capable man was available in the 
city to carry out the repairs. 

Be this as it may, there is no question that William 
Purves was a man of great ingenuity and skill, as may 
be seen in the specification of the clock made for Dundee 
in 1547, and his name must be held in respect as one 
who, so far as can be gleaned, did his part in the 
furtherance of the welfare and convenience of his country 
and fellow-citizens by his useful labours. 

PYOT, JAMES. West Bow, Edinburgh, 1796; afterwards 
removed to Shore, Leith; at St Bernard's Street, 1829. 

RAE, REV. PETER. Kirkconnel, 1703-48. 

Made the astronomical chime clock in Drumlanrig 
Castle. 

RAIT, D. C. 1 6 Argyll Street, Glasgow, 1841. 

RAMAGE, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1780-1820. 

" Bound apprentice to James Gray, I7th August 
1780. Discharged of his indentures I5th September 
1787. Admitted freeman of the Incorporation of 
Edinburgh Hammermen 1797." E. H. Records. 

"Lost on the night of Wednesday the 25th current, 
between the Canongate head and the Grassmarket, a 
silver watch, maker's name Gregory Dublin, No. 1772. 
Whoever has found the same will, upon delivering it up 
to Mr Ramage, watchmaker, Lawnmarket, Edinburgh, 
receive a handsome reward." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 3Oth October 1809. 

" Lost or stolen a small gold watch, with a gold 
engine, turned case, capped and jewelled, maker's name 
Samuel Brown, Edinburgh, No. 583 ; had a gold crib 
chain and a cairngorm, with a crest and motto. Any 
person who has found the same and will return it to James 
Ramage, No. 61 Cowgate, will be handsomely rewarded, 
and any person to whom it may be offered to sale or 
pawn is requested to stop it and inform the above." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 3rd March 1817. 

U 



306 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

RAMSAY, DAVID. Dundee and London, 1600-50. 

This maker, celebrated in his day as being clock- 
maker to his Majesty King James VI. of Scotland and 
I. of England, also has the further honour of being 
introduced by Sir Walter Scott as a character in The 
Fortunes of Nigel. 

Considerable licence has been taken by Sir Walter 
in his treatment of David Ramsay, as will be seen by 
the extracts following from the Calendar of State Papers, 
which does not warrant the somewhat lowly position he 
is made to fill. His picture of him as being an old man 
with a tall, thin, lathy skeleton, extending his lean jaws 
into an alarming grin, hardly portrays the kind of man 
who was promoted to be a Page of the Royal Bed- 
chamber. One naturally associates such appointments 
as being occupied by men who were suited in every 
respect to the honourable post they were called to///, 
and not to men whose peculiarities, as quoted by Sir 
Walter, would make it an impossibility for any in such 
a position to carry out. 

Where he learned the craft has not been recorded, 
but Dundee is credited as being the town from which he 
came. In the notes on Dundee Public Clocks mention 
is made of a family of the name of Ramsay, who for 
a long period had the contract and care of the town 
clocks, and it is believed that David Ramsay was either 
a member of this family or closely related to them. x 

In all probability he learned the art in France, as 
the specimens of his work, which are now preserved in 
the British and South Kensington Museums, bear out. 
One significant fact, warranting the assumption that he 
worked abroad, is afforded by the watch preserved in 
the South Kensington Museum, which has engraved on 
the hinged covers of the front and back the Annunciation 
and the Nativity. This, it is needless to say, would not 
have been the case if it had been made in Scotland, as 

1 Sir Walter Scott, however, gives Dalkeith as his native place, but 
this, of course, is to make it fit in with the Ramsays of Dalhousie, 
of which family the King (see chapter xxxvii.) was determined to make 
David Ramsay a member. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 307 

the reaction against everything savouring of Popery 
would have made it a difficult matter to dispose of at 
that period. The watch in the British Museum has the 
period 1 600-10 assigned as the date of its manufacture, 
while this one, and another supposed to have belonged 
to James I., have each inscribed on them "David 
Ramsay, Scotus, me fecit," a designation which would 
have been otherwise if he had made them in a particular 
town in Scotland. 

We assume that he returned from his foreign 
sojourn and making his way to London direct, had 
specimens of his handiwork submitted for inspection 
by the King, who, no doubt, glad to have such a capable 
craftsman near him, took him under his patronage. 
The following extracts from the Calendar of State Papers 
show his progress : 

2$th November 1613. "Grant to David Ramsay, 
Clockmaker Extraordinary, of a pension of $o per 
annum." 

1616. " Warrant to pay David Ramsay, Clockmaker, 
2 34, i os., due to him for purchase and repair of clocks 
and watches for the King." 

1618. "Grant to David Ramsay of the office of 
Chief Clockmaker to the King, with fees and allowances 
for workmanship." 

2^th July 1619. " Grant to David Ramsay, the King's 
Clockmaker, born in Scotland of denization " (in Latin). 

3O//* March 1622. " Warrant to pay David Ramsay, 
Clockmaker, .113 for work for the late Prince Henry 
and for watches and clocks for the King." 

$oth September 1622. "Warrant to pay 232, 155., 
to David Ramsay, the King's clockmaker, for repairing 
clocks at Theobalds, Oatlands, and Westminster, and 
for making a chime of bells adjoining to the clock at 
Theobalds." 

2$th January 1626. "Warrant to pay to David 
Ramsay, for coins to be given by the King at the 
close of his coronation." 



308 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

i; 'th March 1627. "Warrant to pay to David 
Ramsay, Page of the Bedchamber and clockmaker, 
44 1, 3s. 4d. for work done for his late Majesty, and 
358, i6s. 8d., in lieu of diet and bouche of court." 

loth July 1628. "Warrant to pay to David 
Ramsay, 415 for clocks and other necessaries de- 
livered for the King's service." 

1632. "Warrant to pay David Ramsay, clock- 
maker, on his bills for one year 2 19." 

These authentic notices give in a marked degree 
the esteem and patronage bestowed on him by his 
royal patrons, and these, along with the specimens of 
his skill that are in existence yet, show him to have 
been not only a capable craftsman but a good business 
man as well. This is emphasised by the fact that on 
the foundation of the Clockmakers' Company of London 
by Royal Charter, 22nd August 1631, David Ramsay 
was appointed by this charter the first master to hold 
office. He died about 1650, but his age has not been 
recorded. 

RAMSAY, MARK. Watch-case maker, Canongate, Edin- 
burgh, 1795. 

RAMSAY, PATRICK, JOHN, AND SILVESTER. Dundee, 

1599-1646. 
See notes on Dundee Town Clocks, page 125. 

RAMSAY, ROBERT. 67 High Street, Dumfries, 1816-23. 
RANKEN, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1791. 

Bound apprentice to George Skelton, 26th January 
1791. 

RANKIN, ALEXANDER. 10 William Street, Greenock, 
1836. 

RANKIN, JOHN. Old Cumnock, 1789. 
RANKINE, JOHN. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1761. 

Apprenticed to Andrew Clark, 6th June 1761. 
RANKINE, J. & W. Sorn, 1798. 
RAN N IE, ALEXANDER. TurrifT, 1836. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 309 

REED, ANDREW. Sanquhar, 1798. 

REED, WILLIAM. Native of Montrose ; died at White- 
haven, 1815. 

REED, WILLIAM. Watch-glass maker, 92 High Street, 
Edinburgh, 1837. 

REDPATH, . Kelso, 1835. 

REDPATH, HENRY, i Bow, Stirling, 1787-1820. 
REID, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1790. 

Bound apprentice to Thomas Reid, 24th July 1790. 

REID, ANDREW. Biggar; died 2nd August 1860, in the 
93rd year of his age. 

REID, DAVID. 95 Hutcheson Street, Glasgow, 1805-18. 

REID, FRANCIS. Saltmarket, Glasgow, 1789-1806. 

" Lost on Friday, at Paisley, betwixt the Cross and 
the Race Ground, a silver watch, with a steel chain 
and steel seal, with the initials cut J. D. on it, the chain 
is a little rusted, maker's name Peter Le Roy, London, 
No. 2720. Whoever will return the said watch to 
Francis Reid, watchmaker, Saltmarket, Glasgow, will 
receive half a guinea of reward." Glasgow Courier, I9th 
August 1800. 

"Lost in the Trongate, on Thursday the I7th, a 
silver watch, maker's name Joseph Denton, Hull, No. 827. 
Whoever will bring the same to Francis Reid, watch- 
maker, No. 142 Saltmarket, will receive a reward of 
one guinea." Glasgow Courier \ 25th April 1806. 

REID, FRANCIS & SONS. 142 Saltmarket, Glasgow, 
1812-23. 

" A reward of Five Guineas is hereby offered to any 
person who will return the gold watch, maker's name 
Bracebridge, London, No. 14,598, with its appendages, 
lost by a gentleman in Bell Street, about ten o'clock on 
Sunday evening last. Apply to F. Reid & Sons, watch- 
makers, 142 Saltmarket, Glasgow." Glasgow Courier \ 
I2th July 1816. 

REID & H ALBERT, u Gallowgate, Glasgow, 1823. 
REID & TOD. i Trongate, Glasgow, 1828. 
REID, JAMES. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1798. 



510 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

REID, JAMES. High School Yards, Edinburgh, 1804. 
REID, JOHN. Glasgow, 1814. 

REID, JOHN. Bull's Close, Canongate, Edinburgh, 1798- 
1806. 

REID, JOHN. 13 Frederick Street, Edinburgh, 1819-36. 

REID, JOHN. Banff, 1721. See page 38. 

REID, JOHN. Sanquhar, 1837. 

REID, ROBERT. Glasgow, 1806. 

REID, THOMAS. Montrose, 1788. 

REID, THOMAS. Auchtermuchty, 1837. 

REID, THOMAS. Watch-case maker, Canongate, Edin- 
burgh, 1788. 

REID, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1762-1823. 

" Bound apprentice to James Cowan, 9th October 
1762. Presented a petition craving to be admitted a 
freeman on I4th December 1781. Compeared on I4th 
June 1782, and presented his essay, being a plain watch 
movement, begun, made and finished in his own shop, in 
presence of Samuel Brown, landlord, Robert Aitchison, 
James Howden, and Thomas Sibbald, essay masters as 
they declared, etc." E. H. Records. 

The above is all the official information that is to be 
gleaned about him from the Hammermen's Records, but, 
fortunately, as will be seen further on, we learn that he 
was a native of Dysart. By his birthplace he thus must 
be classed as being one of the three men who had close 
connection with Fife, and who distinguished themselves 
in the science and art of Horology. We refer to John 
Smith, Pittenweem, and Matthew Parker, Dunfermline, 
but of the trio Thomas Reid was the most eminent of 
them all. Apprenticed at the age of sixteen years, his 
choice of James Cowan as his master had a good deal 
to do with the moulding and training of a mind singularly 
adapted for the profession. As James Cowan was also 
his cousin, this may account for the interest he took in 
his apprentice, which resulted in the apprentice succeed- 
ing to the business of the master, when the latter died 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 311 

in 1781. Doubtless this succession was a powerful 
factor in determining Thomas Reid's career, as not 
unlikely the thought of possessing a business so 
prosperous as Cowan's nerved him to acquire all the 
experience and training he could during his eleven years' 
residence in London. 

When James Cowan, who had been over thirty 
years in business, died, Thomas Reid's opportunity 
arrived, and he issued the following advertisement in 
the Edinburgh Evening Courant, of the date 28th 
November 1781 : 

"Thomas Reid, Clock and Watch Maker, from 
London, takes this method of informing the friends 
and customers of the deceased Mr James Cowan, 
Clock and Watch Maker, in Edinburgh, that he con- 
tinues the business 1 in the same shop as formerly. 
As T. Reid was cousin and apprentice to Mr Cowan, 
and has for eleven years resided in London, where, 
after having received the instructions of the first 
masters in that profession, did carry on business and 
was employed in the execution of the first-rate work 
there, he makes no doubt of giving entire satisfaction 
to his employers." 

This modest announcement is remarkable as showing 
the confidence he had in himself of being a worthy 
successor to a person who had carried on one of the best 
known businesses in Edinburgh. That this confidence 
was not misjudged, speedily brought him into public 
favour. How rapidly his reputation rose, is seen by his 
selection by his fellow-citizens to construct the first 
clock for the spire of St Andrew's Parish Church, George 
Street, Edinburgh, in 1788, and this having given great 
satisfaction, he was commissioned to carry out the 
extensive alterations and repairs of the clock of St Giles' 
Kirk (q.v.) in 1797. He took special pains with these 
two clocks, the result being that in a retrospect forty 
years after, he expresses satisfaction at their perform- 

1 It is interesting to note that it is his shop that is represented in 
the left-hand corner of the well-known picture of "The Parliament 
Close in the Olden Time" now hanging in the Lord Provost's room, 
City Chambers, Edinburgh. 



312 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

ance. He erected clocks not only in Edinburgh but all 
over the country. Two which he made for the Town 
Hall, Annan, are worthy of special mention, for in the 
making of the movements he so arranged the frames 
that any wheel could be separately lifted out without 
taking the clock to pieces or removing any of the other 
wheels. Other examples of his skill may be noted, but 
particulars will be found of some of his most famous 
productions under the notes on Reid and Auld (see 

P- 313). 

Having a high ideal of his profession, his own words 
are well worth quoting, " that there are few who excel 
in this art, as in those of sculpture, painting, or engraving, 
which are called fine arts, a name to which watchmaking 
is in every sense entitled but which labours under the 
great misfortune in not being properly seen." Endued 
with such a high standard, his thoughts were embodied 
in a number of scientific articles dealing with the 
problems of his profession, culminating in the production 
of his treatise, On Clock and Watch Making, which ran 
into six editions. This book was written long after the 
allotted span of life, and although it does not, from its 
technical nature, appeal to the ordinary reader, yet from 
the large number of sources from which he quotes, both 
home and foreign, it is easily seen that the work is full 
of the observations and experiences of one who had 
a minute and complete acquaintance with his art 
Having retired in 1823, he devoted the closing years 
of his honourable life to the preparation of the above 
treatise, and, after a busy and useful life, he died on the 
24th September 1831, aged eighty-five years. In the notes 
given under William Auld, p. 20, a full description is 
given of the tombstone erected in Calton Burying 
Ground, Edinburgh. From it we learn that Thomas 
Reid married the widow of William Auld, printer, who 
died in 1777, thus making William Auld, junior, his 
stepson, in addition to being his partner. The admira- 
tion and respect for Thomas Reid by the Auld family is 
brought out in this memorial stone. Content to record 
their family names on the least conspicuous part of the 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 313 

monument, the whole centre panel is given up to the 
following inscription : " To the memory of Thomas 
Reid, Esq., H.M.W.C.M.C.L., distinguished in his 
profession as an eminent watch and clock maker. 
Author of a Literary and Scientific Work on Horology, 
etc., etc. Born at Dysart, Fife, January 1746. Died at 
Edinburgh, 24th September 1831." 

REID & AULD. 66 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 
1806-23. 

This well-known firm was enabled by the skill and 
experience of its two partners (Thomas Reid and 
William Auld) to occupy a very high place in the art 
of horology in Edinburgh. Having more than a local 
fame, it is safe to say that during the early part of 
the nineteenth century the name of Reid & Auld was 
synonymous with high-class work. To what extent the 
capabilities of the two were devoted to their productions 
is difficult now to tell, both being practical men, but it is 
easily seen that they had complete satisfaction in their 
work, it being an art congenial to them. Thomas Reid 
adopted William Auld as partner in 1806, the business 
being then carried on in the quaint old shop situated 
under the shade of St Giles' Kirk, which they occupied 
till 1809, when they announced : " Reid and Auld, 
having removed from Parliament Close to No. 33 Princes 
Street, invite attention to their eight-day weight clocks 
and regulators for astronomical purposes. They also 
intimate that a Transit instrument is kept for the 
obtaining of true time, without which the rate of the 
going of time-keepers of whatever description cannot be 
well ascertained, etc." 

While thus mindful of the ordinary class of work, yet 
it is to the manufacture of the intricate and complex 
movements known as astronomical regulators that the 
firm was specially famed. At least three of these are 
in existence yet, and though they have performed their 
useful duties for nearly a century they seem likely to do 
so for another. A short account of two of those is now 
given, the one being a description of a very excellent 



314 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

regulator or astronomical clock made for the Right 
Honourable Lord Gray, in the Observatory, Kinfauns 
Castle: 

" It had a mercurial compensation pendulum, and 
its time of going without winding was forty-five days. 
The pivots of the great wheel, the second wheel, and 
the swing wheel are run on rollers, three being put to 
each pivot ; the pivots of the centre and of the fourth 
wheel run in holes and are the only pivots in the clock 
to which oil is applied. The pivots of the said centre 
and fourth wheel would have been run on rollers also, 
but not choosing to go further, for even, with those 
which were made to run so, the trial was new ; besides, 
had these two been done, it would have required such 
a number of additional pieces as in the end would have 
been truly appalling; even as it is about 500 individual 
pieces were in the clock. The clock has been going 
about nine years with a close and steady rate of time- 
keeping, during which it has not required the smallest 
help, even of cleaning." 

The other is the clock made for the Royal 
Observatory, Calton Hill, Edinburgh. It has the same 
kind of escapement and pendulum as the foregoing, 
goes eight days, but has no friction rollers in any part 
of it. It has been going upwards of ten years 1 without 
requiring any help or even cleaning. In a note kindly 
forwarded by the late Professor Copland, Royal 
Observatory, Blackford Hill, referring to this last clock, 
he says : " It always seems to have been rated to show 
mean time, and was eventually employed for many 
years to drop the time ball on Nelson's Monument, 
Calton Hill, and to transmit the signal to the time gun 
at Edinburgh Castle. It is provided with a dead beat 
escapement, quicksilver compensation pendulum, and 
still keeps excellent time." This clock became the 
property of the City of Edinburgh in 1895, and is still in 
use at the Observatory on Calton Hill. 

These two clocks, along with another now located 

1 It was made in the year 1813. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 315 

in the Horological Institute, London, are sufficient 
testimony to the skill and enterprise of the firm of 
Reid & Auld. 

They continued in business till 1823, when the 
following advertisement was issued : 

" Reid and Auld, No. 66 Princes Street, return their 
most grateful acknowledgments to their friends in 
particular, and to the public in general, for that liberal 
patronage which they have received for many years and 
beg to inform them that, intending soon to retire from 
business, they particularly recommend their stock 
consisting of Gold, Silver, and Metal watches, among 
which are some most excellent Repeaters, Regulators, 
Eight-day and Spring Clocks (some of which are fitted 
up in a superior manner), an eight-day weight quarter 
clock, a most elegant spring quarter organ clock, with 
different barrels, eight tunes on each. This clock, which 
would be a most superb drawing-room ornament, is 
fitted up in a beautiful rosewood case inlaid with brass 
ornaments, is well worth the attention of the public; 
indeed the whole are such that, in all probability, their 
like will not be met with soon again. If there are 
any debts outstanding against the company they may 
be sent in immediately, when they will be paid. R. and 
A. beg the favour that payment will be ordered as soon 
as possible of all accounts due to them." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, loth February 1823. 

No one appears to have directly succeeded to their 
business, though Thomas Watt (q.v.), who was a nephew 
of Thomas Reid, solicited the support of the customers 
of the late firm. Both partners lived for some years 
after their retiral from active business life, and, as can 
be seen in the separate notes on the two men, showed 
such a devotion to each other that even in death they 
were not divided but sleep their last sleep in the one 
tomb. See notes on William Auld, page 23, for account 
of the Reid and Auld Bequest. 

REID, THOMAS, Watch Glassmaker. 79 High Street, 
Edinburgh, 1819. 

REID, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1781-1819. 

Bound apprentice to James Cowan, 1st June 1781. 



316 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

REID, WILLIAM OTTO. Biggar, 1820-49. 

Born at Sanquhar 4th October 1820; died at Biggar 
4th October 1849. 

RENNIE, ALEXANDER DAVID. 65 High Street, Arbroath, 

1837- 

RENNIE, ALEXANDER. Turriff, about 1835. 
RHIND, THOMAS. 78 High Street, Paisley, 1836. 

RICHARDSON, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1802. 

Discharged of his indentures by Thomas Reid, 
1 2th February 1802. 

RICHARDSON, WILLIAM. Alloa, 1769-90. 

"WILLIAM RICHARDSON, Clock and Watch Maker 
in Alloa, makes, sells, and repairs all kinds of clocks 
and watches. He likewise makes and sells the best 
kinds of fishing wheels of different sorts and sizes from 
one shilling and eight pence to fifteen shillings, also all 
kinds of swivels of different sizes. Gentlemen may be 
served on proper notice with any of the above articles at 
a reasonable rate, and a good allowance will be given to 
merchants who, it is hoped, will be particular in their 
directions as to the different sizes and prices, and they 
shall be answered with the utmost despatch. Apply to 
Alloa carrier, at Campbell in the Grassmarket of Edin- 
burgh, who arrives on Wednesday and goes off on 
Thursday morning, and who will be careful to deliver 
any commissions to or from the above William 
Richardson. Edinburgh Evening Courant, 2nd April 
1774- 

RICHARDSON, WILLIAM. Balfron, 1828. 

"William Richardson, watchmaker, Balfron, served 
Heir in General to his brother John, son of William 
Richardson, watchmaker, Alloa, dated iSth June 1828. 
Recorded 25th June 1828." Services of Heirs. 

RICHARDSON, WILLIAM. Paisley, 1801. 

" Married at Paisley on Monday last Mr William 
Richardson, watchmaker there, to Miss Margaret Craig, 
only daughter of the late Robert Craig, Esq., of 
Faulheads." Scots Magazine, 3Oth September 1801, 





BRACKET CLOCK, 

In mahogany case, inlaid with brass, with seconds and calendar dials, dated 1841. 
By James Ritchie & Son, Edinburgh, 1803. The property of the North British 
Railway Co., Waterloo Place, Edinburgh. (See p. 317.) 



[To face page 316. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 31 T 

RICHARDSON, WILLIAM. Charles Street, Edinburgh, 

1793- 

Business continued by his widow for a few years 
later. 

RIDDEL, CHARLES. Old Meldrum, 1800-37. 
RIDDEL, D. & J. 72 Broad Street, Aberdeen, 1846. 
RIDDEL, JAMES. 72 Broad Street, Aberdeen, 1853. 

RITCHIE, . Dundee, 1831. 

RITCHIE, ANDREW. Edinburgh, 1822. 

Bound apprentice to James Clark, 5th August 1822. 
RITCHIE, GEORGE. 199 High Street, Arbroath, 1837. 

RITCHIE, JAMES. Leith Street, Edinburgh, 1805. 

The earliest mention of this maker's name occurs 
not in the Hammermen's Records but in the Edinburgh 
Evening Courant of the date of 7th January 1805, and is 
as follows : 

" Married here on the 28th ult., Mr James Ritchie, 
watchmaker in Edinburgh, to Miss Sally Neill, second 
daughter of Mr Andrew Neill, builder there." 

He was then in business at No. 29 Leith Street, 
and on the retirement in 1819 of Joseph Durward (q.v.), 
who had been established at No. 2 for forty years, he 
succeeded to his connection also. About 1836 the name 
appears as James Ritchie & Son, which has been the 
designation of the firm down to the present day, making 
it the oldest watch and clock making business in the 
city of Edinburgh, as well as being one of world-wide 
repute. Their prominence in electrically controlled 
clocks is brought out in the list of the awards in the 
Reid and Auld bequest, p. 24, where one of the 
partners at that date took a high place. The new clock 
in St Giles' Cathedral and the Bracket Timepiece in 
Brass inlaid case (see illustrations) show the capabilities 
of this firm. 

RITCHIE, JAMES. Muthill, 1836. 
RITCHIE, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1765. 

Booked apprentice to Samuel Brown, 3rd April 1765. 



318 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

RITCHIE, JOHN. Coupar Angus, 1847. 
RITCHIE, PETER. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1749. 
RITCHIE, SAMUEL. Forfar, 1800-37. 
RITCHIE, THOMAS. Cupar-Fife, 1833. 

ROBOLD, ZEPRIAN (German). 19 East Quay Lane, 
Greenock, 1836. 

ROBB, WILLIAM. Montrose, 1776. 

"Found on Saturday last, the 27th July current, 
between Cramond Bridge and Muttonhole on the 
Edinburgh Road, a silver watch. It is imagined this 
watch has lately been repaired, as there is a clean paper 
in the case on which are engraved these words, Clocks 
and Watches by William Robb in Montrose. The 
watch is lodged with William Jamieson, factor on the 
estate of Pitfarrane, a mile west from Dunfermline, and 
whoever can prove the property shall be entitled to the 
watch on paying expenses of advertising." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant^ 3 1st July 1776. 

ROBERTSON, CHARLES. Coupar Angus, 1814-37. 
ROBERTSON, DANIEL. 18 Arcade, Glasgow, 1836. 
ROBERTSON, DAVID. 109 High Street, Perth, 1837. 
ROBERTSON, DAVID. Edinburgh, 1741. 

Son of David Robertson, merchant in Edinburgh; 

booked apprentice to Alexander Brand, I5th August 

1741- 

ROBERTSON, DUNCAN. Blairgowrie, 1837. 
ROBERTSON, EBENEZER. Glasgow, 1801. 
ROBERTSON, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1802. 

Bound apprentice to James Breakenrig, 5th March 

1802. 

ROBERTSON, GEORGE. Dundee, 1806. 
ROBERTSON, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1758. 

Son of Hugh Robertson, residenter in Edinburgh; 
booked apprentice to Samuel Brown, 2Oth July 1752. 

ROBERTSON, JAMES. Dundee, 1785. 
ROBERTSON, JAMES. High Street, Dundee, 1811-28. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 319 

ROBERTSON, JAMES. Perth, 1770. 

Booked apprentice to James Young. 
ROBERTSON, JAMES. Leith, 1818-36. 

Admitted freeman clock and watch maker, Canon- 
gate Hammermen, 1818; 25 Bridge Street, Leith, 1825 ; 
4 West Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, 1836. 

ROBERTSON, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1806. 

Bound apprentice to Robert Hinmers, 3rd May 1806. 
ROBERTSON, JOHN. Netherbow, Edinburgh, 1783-1821. 

" Lost on the Glasgow Road by Calder on Wednesday 
last, 22nd January, a silver watch, maker's name J. 
Johnson, London, No. 101. If said watch is offered for 
sale, please acquaint John Robertson, watchmaker, 
Netherbow, Edinburgh, or John Smith, Glasgow, and 
a handsome reward will be given." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 27th January 1783. 

" The Rev. Alexander Robertson, minister at 
Burford, Oxfordshire, served Heir in General to his 
father, John Robertson, watch and clock maker, Edin- 
burgh, dated 2nd January 1822. Recorded 8th January 
1822 " Services of Heirs. 

ROBERTSON, MATTHEW. Mauchline, 1837. 

ROBERTSON, PATRICK. Perth, 1765. 

" The calling agree to grant liberty and tolerance to 
the above to exercise his trade as a clock and watch 
maker in Perth during his lifetime for payment of one 
pound sterling yearly." Perth Hammermen Records. 

ROBERTSON, ROBERT. 17 George Street, Perth, 1825-37. 

ROBERTSON, ROBERT. 86 Argyll Street, Glasgow, 
1802-28. 

ROBERTSON, THOMAS. 169 Argyll Street, Glasgow, 

1837- 
ROBERTSON, THOMAS. Rothesay, 1837. 

At a meeting of the Royal Scottish Society of Arts, 
held on I5th November 1837, a drawing and verbal 
description of an improved vertical watch was exhibited 
by Mr Thomas Robertson, Watchmaker, Rothesay ; 
also drawing and verbal description of an improved 
Lever Watch, and a drawing and description of an 
improved escapement for a chronometer. 



320 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

ROBERTSON, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1749. 

Son of Colin Robertson, Barber and Wigmaker 
in Edinburgh ; booked apprentice to Archibald Straiton, 
30th March 1749. 

ROBERTSON, WILLIAM. Dunbar, 1803. 

"A gold watch found on Friday, the i8th ult, 
between the town of Dunbar and village of East 
Linton. Any person proving it their property may 
have it by applying to Mr William Robertson, watch- 
maker, Dunbar, and paying expenses." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 2nd April 1803. 

ROBERTSON, WILLIAM. Falkland, Fife, 1830. 

ROBERTSON, WILLIAM. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1764-80. 
Admitted freeman clock and watch maker, in 
Canongate Hammermen, 7th November 1764. 

" Lost last night, betwixt Musselburgh and Newhaven 
or Newhaven and Edinburgh, a pinchbeck watch in a 
black shagreen case and a steel chain with a silver seal 
and a cupid cut upon the stone of the seal, the maker's 
name William Robertson, Canongate. Any person 
that has found the same and will deliver it to the said 
W. R. shall be handsomely rewarded." Caledonian 
Mercury, i6th August 1768. 

" Lost on the evening of Saturday last, betwixt 
Newhaven and Edinburgh, a gentleman's gold watch. 
Any person who has found the same upon restoring it 
to William Robertson, watchmaker, Head of Canongate, 
will be handsomely rewarded." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, loth August 1772. 

ROBERTSON, W. Parliament Close, Edinburgh, 1791. 

" Improved Pedometer or Way Wiser which, when 
worn in the pocket, ascertains with accuracy the distance 
the wearer walks. These very amusing machines are at 
present very much in repute in London, and are now at 
the shop of W. Robertson, No. 6 Parliament Close, who 
sells them at the same price charged by the manufacturer 
in London ; and also an assortment of watches in gold, 
gold enamelled, pearl and enamelled silver, plain metal 
and enamelled cases, which he sells on the most reason- 
able terms." Edinburgh Herald, nth April 1791. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 321 

ROBSON, W. Linton, 1787. 

RODGER, ALEXANDER. Harvey's Lane, Campbeltown, 
1837- 

ROGER, WILLIAM. Stonehaven, 1820-46. 

ROSS, CHARLES. Broughty-Ferry, 1828. 

ROSS, DAVID. Pathhead, Dysart, 1836. 

ROSS, GEORGE. Inveraray, 1835. 

ROSS, JAMES. Gallowgate, Glasgow, 1790-1800. 

" Lost on the banks of the Great Canal, near Stocking- 
field, about the 24th January 1797, a silver watch, maker's 
name R. Herbert, London, No. 6850. Whoever has 
found the same, by returning it to Mr James Ross, 
watchmaker, Gallowgate, Glasgow, shall receive half a 
guinea reward." Glasgow Courier \ 3oth January 1797. 

" All persons who stand indebted to the deceased 
James Ross, watchmaker in Gallowgate, Glasgow, are 
desired without delay to pay their accounts to David 
Ross, at the shop lately possessed by the said J. Ross, 
who alone is empowered to discharge the same. The 
whole watch and clock makers' tools which belonged 
to the said J. Ross are to be sold by public roup within 
the workshop lately possessed by Mr Robert Somervell, 
watchmaker, fifth close east from the Gallowgate Bridge, 
south side, on Wednesday, the 5th day of February 
next, at eleven o'clock forenoon." Ibid., 25th January 
1800. 

ROSS, THOMAS. High Street, Tain, 1836. 

ROSS, WILLIAM. High Street, Montrose, 1820. 

ROSS, WILLIAM. Stonehaven, 1846. 

ROSS, WILLIAM. Dingwall, 1849. 

ROSS, WILLIAM. Duke Street, Huntly, 1836. 

ROUGH, DAVID. Hill Town, Dundee, 1820. 

ROUGH, JAMES. Links, Kirkcaldy, 1836. 

ROUMIEU, PAUL, sen. Edinburgh, 1677-94. 

With the exception of David Ramsay, who is the 
earliest watchmaker belonging to Scotland that we 
have authentic account of, little information is to be 
gleaned about any other till the latter part of the 



322 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

seventeenth century. As Ramsay died between 1640- 
50, and was resident in London for at least thirty 
years, there is therefore a period of nearly thirty years 
during which the name or even mention of a watch- 
maker being in Scotland is unrecorded. What remains 
of Ramsay's make in the British Museum is put down 
as having been made 1 600-10, and though they were 
the production of a Scotsman, still it is not clear that 
they were manufactured in Scotland, seeing the date 
of his arrival in London is uncertain. As remarked 
above, no other name or even a single specimen of 
a watch made in Scotland earlier than 1677 survives, 
and it is to a foreigner that the honour is due of 
reintroducing an art into Scotland that prospered 
exceedingly although of slow growth. During the 
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the trade con- 
nection between France and Scotland was, as is well 
known, of an extensive nature, and as France led in 
the manufacture of articles of luxury and artistic merit, 
the arrival of Paul Roumieu in Edinburgh, as a practical 
watchmaker, must have been hailed with satisfaction by 
the clockmakers of that city as an event of the greatest 
importance. 

The first appearance of the name occurring here is 
found in the records of the Incorporation of Hammermen, 
under the date of 2nd June 1677 : 

"AT MAGDALEN CHAPEL. The Deacon, Boxmaster 
and remanent bretheren of ye Hammermen being met, 
compeared presonally Paull Roumieu, who presented ane 
essay, viz., the movements of ane watch, which was 
found to be a weill wrought essay, able to serve his 
Majesties' leiges, and therefore they have received him 
to be ane ordinary freeman amongst them in the airt 
and trade of clockmaker. His essay masters were 
George Neill and Andrew Brown, his essay was made 
in his own chamber. He payed to the Boxmaster ane 
hundred pounds (Scots) and the clerk and officers' duties." 

This minute, giving us the exact date of his admission, 
is of great interest, showing that the essayist was more 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 323 

than an ordinary craftsman. He being the first in 
whose favour the other part of the essay was waived, 
namely, the construction of a lock and key, thus making 
him, along with his son, the only two men (at that date) 
who were relieved of this part of the essay, clearly 
demonstrates that in Paul Roumieu they had a master 
in the art. One important omission requires to be 
noted here : no mention is to be found where he belonged 
to, but all the evidence available points to him as being 
a native of France. The late Dr Chambers, in his well- 
known book, The Traditions of Edinburgh, says, speaking 
of the West Bow : " The house immediately within the 
ancient port on the east side of the street was occupied 
about the beginning of the last century by Paul Roumieu, 
an eminent watchmaker, supposed to have been one of 
the French refugees driven over to this country in con- 
sequence of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. In 
front of the house, upon the fourth story, there is still to 
be seen the remains of a curious piece of mechanism, 
namely, a gilt ball representing the moon which was 
made to revolve by means of a clock. This house was 
demolished in 1835." (See Frontispiece.) 

This has been quoted by all writers on Old Edinburgh, 
making it the only information available up to the 
present time. As can be seen from the date of the 
minute 1677, his appearance here cannot be set down as 
having been caused by the Revocation of the Edict of 
Nantes, which occurred in 1685, eight years after, and it 
is certain that his settlement here was not due to that 
important event. We must look for another cause, and 
we hazard the opinion that his presence here may have 
been due to a royal command or invitation. The 
Hammermen of Edinburgh as an incorporate body must 
have been pretty well known to King Charles II., as 
his royal father, King Charles I., had in 1641 granted 
to them, as patrons of the Magdalen Chapel (their 
meeting place), a mortification or gift out of the 
revenues of the suppressed Bishopric of Dunkeld, of one 
hundred and nine pounds sterling yearly for the benefit 
of the poor of the craft. This bequest they enjoyed 



324 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

more or less (an inspection of their records reveals that 
some years this was a difficult matter) till 1661, when 
King Charles II., again establishing Episcopacy in 
Scotland, swept away their right and the revenue was 
lost. The Hammermen were greatly assisted in the 
acquisition of this mortification by Sir James Carmichael, 
the King's Advocate ; arid as he was a great favourite 
with Charles II., being created a Baron by him, it is 
not unreasonable to suppose that the disappointment 
caused by the loss of this bequest to the Hammermen 
would remain unknown unto the King. Sir James 
Carmichael had a direct interest in the matter, as the 
Hammermen out of gratitude for his efforts for them 
granted to him and his heirs in perpetuity the right to 
appoint one bedesman in the chapel. This right was. of 
course, lost also, and it may be here remarked that the 
Hammermen, by some strange oversight, neglected to 
revoke the gift, the consequence being that in 1710 they 
were drawn into a lawsuit with the then holder of the 
title for count and reckoning of this appointment. The 
story is too long for insertion here, but in trying to 
strengthen our surmise it has been necessary to bring 
the matter in. By a curious coincidence Sir James 
Carmichael, who was now Earl of Hyndford, had a son, 
Sir William, who was a member of the bodyguard of 
Louis XIV. of France, and undoubtedly in close touch 
with that monarch. It may have been that representa- 
tion was made to the Earl by the Hammermen to 
influence his royal master to make amends for their loss, 
and that the best thing to be done was to get his 
majesty to negotiate with Louis XIV. to arrange for a 
French watchmaker to settle in Edinburgh. The 
matter may have been broached by this Sir William, 
and Louis, finding out that there was in Rouen a 
craftsman who was in every respect qualified to fulfil 
the part of instructor, arranged with Paul Roumieu to 
emigrate and come to Edinburgh. Of course one may 
say why not get one from London, but the native 
jealousy of their "auld enemies" precluded the idea 
of an Englishman coming here, and also the worthy 








WATCH, WITH SILVER DIAL AND GOLD CENTRE. 



By Paul Roumieu, Edinburgh, 1677-94. In the Museum 
of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. Reproduced by 
permission. 



[To face page 324. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 325 

Scots clockmakers knew pretty well that the country 
that is credited as having been the first to construct a 
watch was the best fitted to supply a competent master. 

Be that as it may, there is another point in the 
admission minute which may be referred to, namely, 
he was not a burgess a condition which was then 
imperative on every aspirant for admission into the 
various Incorporation of Crafts in the city. Then the 
essay was made in his own chamber, not shop, which, 
however, is mentioned in the admission minute of his 
son, and lastly, the only known specimen of a watch 
bearing the name of Paul Roumieu that is to be found 
in Scotland has engraved on the dial the Royal Arms ; 
all showing that this man must have had powerful 
influence at his back to account for his setting up 
business here. 

He appears to have taken very little interest in the 
affairs of the Hammermen, as he is fined 26 Scots for 
being fifty-six times absent, and his name only turns up 
in the Records when his apprentices were booked, and on 
the occasion when his son was made a freeman. 

Coming now to his work, it is needless to say that 
specimens of such are very rare and seldom turn up. 
We have been able to note the location of three 
examples, one in Edinburgh and two in London. The 
Edinburgh one, with silver dial and gold centre (see 
illustration), is to be seen in the Museum of the 
Society of Antiquaries in Queen Street, and has the 
name Roumieu, Edinburgh, engraved in italics on the 
face. One of the London ones we are enabled to 
describe more fully by extracts taken from the Catalogue 
of the addition to the collection of clocks and watches 
presented to the Worshipful Company of Clockmakers 
of the City of London by the late Rev. H. L. Nelthropp 
M.A., F.S.A., kindly forwarded by that gentleman 
to me. 

"No. I5A. P. Roumieu, a Rouen. A beautifully 
made watch with a vertical escapement. The dial white 
enamel, one hand only. The movement is in its 
original condition, having had little wear and no 



326 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

repair of any kind. The ornamental steel work on the 
top plate excessively fine and elegant. The fusee is cut 
for catgut and not for a chain. No spiral spring to the 
balance. The case is enamelled and the subject on its 
outside is in the style of Boucher. The movement was 
probably made between 1645 and 1670." 

A note following after the above description informs 
us that great interest attaches to it in consequence of it 
having been made by a Roumieu, the celebrated French 
watchmaker of Edinburgh, a contemporary of Tompion, 
Ouare, and Gretton, coupling his name with the most 
famous men that England had produced in the art 
of Horology. 

The other London specimen is as follows : 

" The gold dial, an extremely elegant one, has a 
piece cut out of it for the purpose of exposing to view 
the balance arm made to represent a pendulum bob. 
The hands are the original steel ones. The top plate of 
the movement is extremely well engraved, and it has on 
a circular piece the name Paul Roumieu, Edinburgh, 
with the number 259. The metal box which holds the 
movement and the outer silver cases are decidedly not 
original. There is very little doubt that the cases were 
originally made of gold. The escapement is a vertical 
one. The pillars are open tulip shaped. The regulating 
index is on the dial as well as a cartouche bearing the 
name ' Roumieu.' " 

A note explains that it is seldom that a watch by 
Roumieu can be bought in London. The above one 
was sold by Messrs Christie, Manson, and Woods, at 
their great rooms, 8 King Street. St James's Square, on 
Thursday, I4th February 1895, forming one of the 
collection of watches, the property of the Rev. W. 
Bentinck, L. Hawkins, deceased ; lot 856. 

Doubtless there are more specimens in existence, but 
enough has been mentioned to show the skill and 
execution of this famous craftsman. He died in March 
1694, and was buried in the Greyfriars' Churchyard, 
where in the records of that old burying-ground his 
interment is noted as follows ; " Paul Rowmie, Watch- 
maker," 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 327 

ROUMIEU, PAUL, jun. Edinburgh, 1682-1717. 

The existence of another maker bearing the same 
name has only now been satisfactorily proved, and the 
important testimony recording this is given in a minute 
from the Hammermen's Records under the date of i6th 
August 1682 : 

" At the Magdalen Chapel in the afternoon, in 
presence of Deacon Anderson, Deacon Coulstoun, the 
Boxmaster, Boxmaster Ramsay, Master Blacksmiths 
and Locksmith airts, compeared Paul Roumieu, son 
to Paul Roumieu, clockmaker, burgess of Edinburgh, 1 
and presented his essay, viz., the movements of a watch 
which was found a weill wrought essay, able to serve 
his majesties leiges, and therefore they admitted him to 
be a freeman among them in the clockmakers' airt. 
His essay masters were Richard Mills and John 
Sympsone. The essay was made in his father's shop. 
He gave in a sufficient fyrelock and bandilier and paid 
the boxmaster ane hundreth merkis for his upset and 
the clerk and officers' dues." 

It is curious that the son's identity should have 
remained so obscure. So far as can be gleaned, he 
appears to have inherited all the father's skill and 
ingenuity, and was eminently qualified to conduct the 
business his father's death made him master of in 1694. 
This he managed so successfully that it is evident it 
reached some dimensions, judging from the number of 
apprentices he booked. The father, during his career, 
appears never to have had more than two, John Cousteill 
and David Marine. The son had no less than two 
apprentices and two journeymen, their names being 
Jacques Thibou, John Frugard, Emmanuel Poarson, and 
David Mackerson (q.v.). These names give an idea of 
the French element in the city at that date. 

Where his shop was situated does not appear, and as 
can be seen in the notes on the father, tradition makes 
it to have been in the Clockmaker's Land, Bow. (See 

1 Though careful search has been made into the Burgess Rolls 
preserved in the City Chambers no entry is to be found recording this 
statement. 



328 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Frontispiece). The only contemporary notice regarding 
him that we have been able to discover occurs in that 
rare old newspaper, the Edinburgh Gazette, of the date 
1699, which is as follows : 

"Stolen this day in the Parliament House, out of 
a gentleman's pocket, a silver pendulum watch with 
a minute hand, in a green shagreen case. Whoever can 
give notice of said watch to Mr Roumieu, watchmaker, 
shall be thankfully rewarded." 

Specimens of his work are very rare ; the only clock 
of which particulars have reached me is in the possession 
of Mr Paterson, Biggar, Lanarkshire. The case is 
covered with most elaborate marquetry. The dial is 
rather small, being 1 1 inches square, and has the name 
Paul Roumie, Edinburgh, engraved on the lower part of 
the chapiter, while the centre is matted, and it has the 
usual raised seconds disc. It goes a month without 
winding. By a curious coincidence, this clock is believed 
to have been originally the property of the Earl of 
Hyndford, whose estate of Carmichael is only a few 
miles distant from Biggar. As we have tried to show in 
the notes on Paul Roumieu, senior, that his arrival in 
Scotland was largely due to the efforts of the above 
nobleman, it is therefore not impossible that this clock 
may have been made and presented to the Earl of 
Hyndford as a token of gratitude for his powerful 
interest in the matter. The fact of its present location, 
and it being the only known specimen in existence by 
this man, warrants the surmise so largely given in the 
notes on the elder Roumieu. 

The son, like the father, took no interest in the 
affairs of the Hammermen, but notwithstanding this 
seeming inattention the members highly valued his 
services to the craft, as the following minute testifies : - 

2Oth September 1712. "The which day, in presence 
of the haill Incorporation, there being a petition given 
in by Anne Roumieu, daughter to the deceast Paul 
Roumieu, watchmaker freeman in the Incorporation, 
craving to be presented to the Governors of the Maiden 
Hospital, by this Incorporation, in the room of Janet 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 329 

Cowan, who is to come out of the said hospital in April 
next And after reading of the said petition, and the 
Incorporation considering the same, and knowing she is 
a great object of their charity, they do by these presents 
condescend and agree that the said Anne Roumieu shall 
be presented to the Governors of the said hospital to be 
received in place of the foresaid Janet Cowan, who is to 
come out in April next, and as soon as she can go in by 
the acts and rules of the said hospital. This act was 
approven without a contrair vote." 

This kindly worded minute is remarkable for two 
things, the first being that in the candidature of Anne 
Roumieu for the vacancy there was no opposition. An 
inspection of the Records invariably reveals the fact 
that there was a great competition for the appointment, 
but in her case none was offered. It also brings out in 
the second place, that the members of the Hammermen 
Incorporation were anxious to do justice to the memory 
of one who by some unexplained calamity had un- 
fortunately left a daughter totally unprovided for. 
This, the last mention of the name of Roumieu, closes 
the honourable and useful career of two men to whom 
the craft in Edinburgh were deeply indebted. Paul 
Roumieu, jun., had three children interred in the 
Greyfriars Churchyard, his name in the Records being 
spelt as follows : Paul Rovnie and Paul Rwmbie, 
watchmaker. 

ROWLAND, JOHN. Western Lane, Berwick-on-Tweed, 

1837- 
ROWLAND, JOHN. High Street, Berwick-on-Tweed, 

1780-1820. 

ROWLAND, WALTER. Bridge Street, Berwick-on-Tweed, 
1 806-20. 

ROWLAND, WALTER. Yetholm, 1833. 
ROY, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1759. 

Booked apprentice to John Aitken. 
ROY, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1787. 



330 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

ROY, WILLIAM. Dunfermline, 1786-1811. 

" A gold watch lost or stolen on Saturday in Edin- 
burgh, maker's name Roy, Dunfermline, and the owner's 
name engraved on the inside of the inner case, William 
Hart, 1791. Whoever will bring said watch to the 
Advertiser Office, Cross, will be rewarded, and it is 
hoped it will be stopt if offered for sale or cleaning 
by any watchmaker, and information given as above." 
Edinburgh Advertiser, 5th March 1811. 

RULE, JAMES. 44 High Street, Dundee, 1837. 
RULE, JOHN. Kelso, 1791-1836. 

" Lost on Friday, 23rd curt, between Edinburgh and 
Dalkeith, a silver watch, maker's name Jasper Taylor, 
Holborn, London, No. 573. Whoever has found it will 
be handsomely rewarded on delivering it to Mr John 
Rule, watchmaker, Kelso, or Andrew Milligan, watch- 
case maker, Parliament Close, Edinburgh." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant^ 29th September 1791. 

RULE, WALTER. Edinburgh, 1733. 

Son of Mr William Rule, merchant in Edinburgh ; 
booked apprentice to John Brown, 23rd January 1733. 

RUSSELL, D. Leith, 1833. 

" Leishman Russell, painter, Edinburgh, served Co- 
Heir of Provision General to his mother, Mary Maving, 
wife of D. Russell, watchmaker, Leith, dated 2ist 
October 1833. Recorded 2nd November 1833." 
Services of Heirs. 

RUSSELL, HUGH. Moffat, 1837. 
RUSSELL, JOHN. Falkirk, 1783-1817. 

This was a craftsman of more than ordinary ability, 

and, as will be seen in the following notices, turned out 

work of the highest class : 

"To THE CURIOUS IN MECHANICS. To be Sold 
a very curious Organ Clock, being the first ever made 
in Scotland, which plays a tune every two hours. The 
barrel it has at present consists of twelve different tunes 
and more may be made if required. 

" To be seen at any time at Mr Russel's, watchmaker, 
Falkirk, to whom proposals from intending purchasers 
may be made. He likewise makes and repairs Musical 
Clocks^ Organs, etc. ; also makes portable jacks of a new 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 331 

construction, Barometers, Thermometers, and every kind 
of machinery in the watch and clock branch. 

" By a long course of study and practice, having 
brought his Organ Clock to the utmost perfection, Mr 
Russel humbly begs leave to solicit the patronage and 
encouragement of the public, and all favours will be 
thankfully and gratefully acknowledged." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, I2th May 1783. 

" WATCHES STOLEN. Whereas a man naming him- 
self William Muir, an Englishman journeyman Clock- 
maker with Mr John Russel, Falkirk, went off on 
Monday, the 25th curt., carrying away eight silver 
watches, one of them cap'd and jewelled, with seconds 
from the contrate wheel figures in place of hours upon 
the dial plate, maker's name John Lamb, London ; 
another cap'd with the name John Henderson upon 
the cape, and maker's name John Russel, Falkirk, 
No. 132; the other six are common watches, one of 
the makers' names John Russel, Falkirk, and another 
of them James Upjohn, London. 

" He appears to be a man between 30 and 40 years ol 
age, about five feet five inches high, short black hair, 
thin on the forehead, a large mark of a cut upon the 
right corner of his brow ; had on when he went off a 
snuff brown coat tore at the right armpit, dark brown 
velveret vest with small yellow spots, plain drab-coloured 
breeches, round hat, blue-white stockings, and shoes tied 
with leather thongs. Whoever will apprehend, or cause 
to be apprehended, the above person shall on conviction 
be handsomely rewarded. 

"It is entreated that all watchmakers and those 
dealing in the business will stop the offerer of such articles, 
and information being given to John Russel, or Mr 
George Williamson, messenger, Edinburgh, will be 
gratefully received and rewarded." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant^ 3Oth June 1792. 

"LOTTERY, By John Russel, Clock and Watch 
Maker, Falkirk. The prizes are a Chamber Barrel 
Organ with four stops, which plays 24 different select 
tunes at pleasure, neatly fitted up in a mahogany case, 
elegantly ornamented on the front with round towers 
and gilt pipes ; a silver watch cap'd and jewelled with 
seconds and Prince of Wales escapement ; two fine 
eight-day spring Clocks ; a brass solar microscope \ 



332 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

with a number of eight-day clocks, silver watches, 
Barometers and Thermometers; also a number of 
capital prints engraved by the late Sir Robert Strange 
neatly framed with inside gilt mouldings. 

"Tickets at five shillings each with Schemes to be had 
of J. Rtissel, Falkirk, Messrs Goldie and Robertson, 
merchants, opposite to the Cross, and C. Elliot, bookseller, 
Parliament Square, Edinburgh. Also by J. Bannerman, 
Carver and Gilder, Glasgow. 

" As a great number of the tickets are already sold, 
those who wish to become adventurers will please apply 
for tickets as soon as possible that the time of drawing 
may be fixed. Gentlemen who please to call at J. 
Russel's will have an opportunity of viewing the organ, 
etc., and he is persuaded they will sufficiently recommend 
themselves. 

"J. Russel returns his most grateful thanks to his 
friends and the public for past favours, and begs leave to 
inform them that he has been in London and other 
manufacturing towns in England purchasing a fresh 
stock of materials for the better carrying on of his 
business in the Clock and Watch line. Also he has 
selected a number of capital prints engraved by the best 
masters, among which are a few impressions of Mary 
Queen of Scots with James VI., both engraved on one 
plate by Bartolozzi." 1 Edinburgh Evening Courant^ 26th 
July 1792. 

" On Monday, Mr Russell of Falkirk, watchmaker to 
His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, waited on his 
Royal Highness at Carlton House, when he had the 
honour of delivering a superb gold chronometer of his 
making, according to his R.H. gracious order. His 
Royal Highness, with his usual condescension, was 
pleased to declare his satisfaction with this specimen of 
Mr Russell's workmanship. Mr Russell had also the 
honour of presenting to his Royal Highness a box made 
from the celebrated Wallace's Tree, in the Torwood, 
Stirlingshire, elegantly mounted in gold. The box 
contained a quantity of wheat which was found in a 
vault of the Roman wall or Graham's Dyke at Castlecary, 
where it is supposed to have lain upwards of 1400 years. 
The lid of the box contained a very elegant inscription 
with the above particulars. Mr Russell also presented 

1 This is now a scarce engraving, original impressions being difficult 
to procure. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 333 

to His Royal Highness a silver Crookstone dollar, being 
a coin of Queen Mary and her husband Lord Darnley, 
struck at Crookstone Castle in the year 1565, and a very 
ancient watch of curious workmanship. His Royal 
Highness conversed for some time with Mr Russell with 
great affability, and showed him a great many curious 
clocks and watches." Edinburgh Evening Courant> 6th 
July 1812. 

" Died at Falkirk on the 24th September, Mr John 
Russell, Watchmaker to his Royal Highness the Prince 
Regent. From a different line of trade to which he was 
originally bred ; by his ingenuity and industry he raised 
himself to an eminent and prominent situation in his 
profession." Obituary Notice in Edinburgh Advertiser, 
3Oth September 1817. 

His remains were interred in the parish churchyard 
near to the unique memorial erected to the great Sir 
John Graham. On a recent visit to this old town and 
burying-ground we observed with satisfaction that a 
beautiful and chaste designed monument marked his 
last resting-place. As the inscription on it informed us, 
it was erected by a brother in loving memory of John 
Russell, watchmaker to H.R.H. Prince Regent, 1818. 

RUSSELL, JOHN. Falkirk, 1850. 
RUSSELL, ROBERT. Moffat, 1774. 
RUSSELL, SAMUEL. New Road, Selkirk, 1837. 
RUSSELL, SAMUEL. Selkirk, 1773. 

" Martha Russell or Douglas, wife of Samuel Russell, 
watchmaker, Selkirk, served Heir General to her father 
William Douglas, baker there, dated 22nd June 1773. 
Recorded 7th August 1773." Services of Heirs. 

RUSSELL, WILLIAM. Glasgow, 1802; died 22nd April 
1816. 

RUSSELL, WILLIAM. Glasgow, 1827; probably son of 
above. 

RUSSELL, WILLIAM. High Street, Falkirk, 1820. 
RUTHERFORD, WALTER. Jedburgh, 1836. 
RUTHERFORD, WILLIAM. High Street, Hawick, 1837. 



334 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

SAFELY OR SAFLEY, JOHN. Portsburgh, Edinburgh, 
1764-1803. 

" Presented a bill craving to be admitted a freeman 
clock and watch maker in Portsburgh, 3rd November 
1764. Compeared on 4th May 1765, and presented his 
essay, being a clock movement without the striking part, 
made in his own shop, as John Chalmers, his landlord, 
and James Duff and James Hutton, his essay masters, 
declared." . H. Records. 

He died I7th October 1803. 

SAFELY, JOHN. Carluke ; died i?th June 1857, aged 54 

years. 
SAFLY OR SAIFLOY, JOHN. Lanark, 1790. 

SALMON, COLIN. Dundee, 1811. 
SANDERSON, ALEXANDER. Dunblane, 1798. 

SANDERSON, JOHN. Wigtown, 1715. 

It is only through the records of the Edinburgh 
Hammermen that any information of this maker is to 
be found, and the mention of his name is due to the 
exercising of one of their " rights," namely, the searching 
of the market in Edinburgh to see if any articles were 
exposed for sale by unfreemen. Two clocks were 
offered for sale by Sanderson, and this infringement was 
duly noted and the articles at once seized. The minutes 
which follow explain exactly how the matter was 
settled. 

i8t/i May 1715. "The meeting appoints the two 
clocks taken from John Sanderson, clockmaker in 
Wigtoun in England, to be restored back again upon 
payment of twenty shillings sterling for the use of the 
poor of the Incorporation, and granting bond not to 
import into this burgh or privileges thereof any clocks 
or watches or any other work than that made by the 
members of the Incorporation in any time hereafter 
under the penalty of 120 Scots. Toties quoties" 

2\st May 1715. "The bond appointed by the last 
sederunt to be granted by John Sanderson, watchmaker, 
in the terms of the minute as specified, was accordingly 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 335 

granted, which the boxmaster received, and the twenty 
shillings for the use of the poor." 

Particulars of three clocks made by this maker have 
reached me : one, a very fine one, now located at St 
Louis, Missouri, America, the others being in Edin- 
burgh and South Queensferry. These last two have a 
verse of Scripture engraved on the dials, showing the 
religious temperament of the maker, and as we notice in 
the Boxmaster's accounts recording the payment of the 
fine, he is termed a Quaker, which may account for 
these pious texts. 

SANDY, JAMES. Alyth, 1780-1819. 

" The originality of genius and eccentricity of 
character which distinguished this remarkable person 
were perhaps never surpassed. Deprived at an early 
age of the use of his legs, he contrived by dint of 
ingenuity not only to pass his time agreeably, but to 
render himself a useful member of society. He soon 
displayed a taste for mechanical pursuits, and contrived 
as a workshop for his operations a sort of circular bed, 
the sides of which, being raised about eighteen inches 
above the clothes, were employed as a platform for 
turning lathes, table vices, and cases for tools of all 
kinds. His genius for practical mechanics was universal. 
He was skilled in all sorts of turning, and constructed 
several curious lathes, as well as clocks and musical 
instruments of every description no less admired for the 
sweetness of their tone than the elegance of their 
execution. He excelled, too, in the construction of 
optical instruments, and made some reflecting telescopes, 
the specula of which were not inferior to those finished 
by the most eminent London artists. He suggested 
some important improvements in the machinery for 
spinning flax, and he was the first who made the 
wooden jointed snufif-boxes generally called Laurence- 
kirk boxes, some of which fabricated by this self-taught 
artist were purchased and sent as presents to the Royal 
Family. 

" For upwards of 50 years he quitted his bed only 
three times, and on these occasions his house was either 
inundated with water or threatened with danger from 
fire. Naturally possessed with a good constitution and 
an active, cheerful turn of mind, his house was the 



336 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

general coffee-room of the village, where the affairs both 
of Church and State were discussed with the utmost 
freedom. In consequence of his long confinement his 
countenance had rather a sickly cast, but it was 
remarkably expressive, and would have afforded a fine 
subject for the pencil of Wilkie, particularly when he 
was surrounded by his country friends. This singular 
man had acquired by his ingenuity and industry an 
honourable independence, and died possessed of con- 
siderable property. In short, his history holds out this 
very instructive lesson, that no difficulties are too great 
to be overcome by industry and perseverance, and that 
genius, though it should sometimes miss the distinction 
it deserves, will seldom fail unless by its own fault to 
secure competence and respectability. He was married 
only three weeks before his death, which occurred on 
3rd April 1819." Edinburgh Advertiser, 3Oth April 
1819. 

SANGSTER, ALEXANDER. Rose Street, Peterhead, 1837. 
SCOT, JAMES. Dalkeith, 1760. 

" Lost on Friday the 22nd instant, betwixt Channel- 
kirk and Dalkeith, a silver watch, maker's name 
J. Steel, London, No. 101. Whoever has found the said 
watch and will return it to James Scot, Clockmaker in 
Dalkeith, will receive half a guinea of reward." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 25th August 1760. 

SCOTT, ANDREW. Water of Leith, Edinburgh, 1764-76. 

Booked apprentice to George Monro, Canongate, 
2Qth April 1764. 

SCOTT, ANDREW. Dingwall, 1794. 

SCOTT, ANDREW. Dundee, 1776. 

SCOTT, DAVID. 73 High Street, Dundee, 1850. 

SCOTT, DAVID. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1750. 

SCOTT, FREDERICK. 3 Overgate, Dundee, 1837. 

SCOTT, GEORGE. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1716-55. 

Married Christian Scott, indweller in Edinburgh 
1 8th September 1746. 

Admitted freeman clock and watch maker, C. H., 
3rd October 1716. See notes on George Monro. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKEfcS 337 

SCOTT, JAMES. Shore, Leith, 1774-91. 

" Lost on Saturday last, the 3Oth April, betwixt the 
south end of Potterrow and Leith Walk, by the way of 
the Bridges, a small silver watch, maker's name William 
Creak, London, No. 9772, and marked on the outside of 
the inner case, D. G. It had a steel chain with a large 
seal set in silver, having the impression of a head. One 
Guinea of reward will be given to the persons who shall 
return the above at the Printing Office or to Mr James 
Scott, Clockmaker, Leith." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
9th May 1791. 

SCOTT, JAMES. Kirk Wynd, Selkirk, 1837. 
SCOTT, JOHN. Princes Street, Edinburgh, 1779-98. 

"Bound apprentice to James Gray, I3th January 
1779. Discharged of his indentures 3Oth July 1785. 
Presented a petition craving to be admitted a freeman 
in E. H., 6th May 1786." E. H. Records. 

" SCOTT, Watch and Clock Maker to his Royal High- 
ness the Prince of Wales, No. 2 East Register Street, 
Edinburgh, having been lately for a considerable time 
in London, studying under the direction of some of the 
best artists in England, humbly solicits the patronage of 
a generous public. He returns his most grateful thanks 
for the numerous favours he has already received, and 
begs leave to assure those who shall do him the honour to 
employ him, that his most assiduous endeavours shall 
ever be used to deserve their patronage. J. Scott makes, 
repairs, and cleans watches with detached escapements, 
the newest and best construction, musical, spring, 
quarter, plain, and all other sorts of clocks. N.B. 
Commissions will be punctually attended to." Edinburgh 
Advertiser, 3Oth November 1790. 

"GILDING OF WATCHES. Scott, Watchmaker to 
his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, returns his 
grateful thanks, and to the public in general, for the 
encouragement he has already met from them in the 
Clock and Watch trade ; hopes for a continuance of their 
favours, and assures those who shall honour him with 
their employment that his most assiduous endeavours 
shall always be exerted to make his work give general 
satisfaction. He takes this opportunity of informing 
the public that he has invented a new method of gilding 
on metal which is far superior in lustre and durability 
to the method formerly practised in Britain. 

Y 



338 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

"J. S. begs leave to inform the Lord-Lieutenants, 
Noblemen, and Gentlemen commanding the Militia and 
other Military Corps in Scotland, that he has of late 
manufactured and gilded swords and other military 
accoutrements for a number of volunteer corps, and will 
execute any further orders with despatch. He manu- 
factures regulation swords as ordered by his Majesty 
for the army, upon more reasonable terms than has 
hitherto been done in England. Officers may have their 
swords regilded, and those who have blades only may 
have them fitted up after the regulation pattern. 

" N.B. Watchmakers may have inside works of 
watches or cases gilded that will have a superior richness 
either in the French or British style upon the shortest 
notice and upon reasonable terms, 13 Princes Street, 
Edinburgh." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 2ist May 
1791. 

"SALE OF A WATCHMAKER'S STOCK. The whole 
goods in the shop occupied by the deceased John Scott, 
watchmaker, Princes Street, Edinburgh, with the counters 
and glass cases, works, tools, and possession of the shop 
till Whitsunday next, are to be sold by public roup for 
behoof of his creditors within the shop itself upon 
Monday the I7th day of September curt. The roup to 
begin at ten o'clock forenoon. The goods consist of a 
number of spring clocks, watch movements nearly finished, 
Gold, Gilded and Steel Chains in great variety, 
particularly a large assortment of ladies' watch chains, 
Gold and Metal Seals, Peeble blocks, with complete sets 
of working tools, a watch engine, Implements for gilding, 
with a complete set of burnishers. The whole will be 
set up in large or smaller lots as intending purchasers 
may incline. The stock is well worth the attention of 
any person wishing to enter into the clock and watch 
trade as it presents an opportunity of setting themselves 
in a fixed business at once. Inventories of the whole 
goods may be seen at the shop or in the hands of 
Thomas Stewart, solicitor-at-law, Mid Rose Street, who 
will treat with any person wishing to make a private 
bargain for the whole betwixt and the day of sale." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, I5th September 1798. 

SCOTT, JOHN. Portsburgh, Edinburgh, 1770-1802. 

Booked apprentice to James Hutton, Portsburgh, 5th 
May 1770. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 339 

"Lost a silver watch with a steel chain and seal 
between Lauriston and Grassmarket, on Monday fore- 
noon the 1 3th September, maker's name Joseph Addison, 
London, No. 903. Whoever will return the same to 
John Scott, watchmaker, West Port, Edinburgh, will 
receive a handsome reward." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant) i8th September 1802. 

" Isabella Scott, in Edinburgh, served Co-Heir General 
to her father John Scott, Clock and Watch Maker there, 
dated 3rd December 1851. Recorded nth December 
1851 ." Services of Heirs. 

SCOTT, ROBERT. Virginia, America, 1779. 

" Robert Scott, watchmaker in Virginia, served Heir 
General to his father George Scott in North Leith, one 
time baker in Edinburgh, dated 2ist May 1779."- 
Services of Heirs. 

SCOTT, W 7 ALTER. Lauder, 1780. 

SCOTT, WILLIAM. 69 Overgate, Dundee, 1820. 

SCOTT, WILLIAM. Aberdeen, 1798; sometime of London 
and afterwards at Falkirk and thereafter at Hardgate, 
Aberdeen. 

"To be exposed to sale by public roup on Monday 
the 4th of "March, in the Hall of the New Inn, Castle 
Street, Aberdeen, a great variety of Watchmakers' and 
other tools ; also a very valuable pocket chronometer 
or longitudinal watch in Arnold's construction, in strong 
gold case, the whole of the holes jewelled with a 
going fusee, all the acting parts of the escapement 
jewelled, a thermometer balance, several gold, silver, 
and metal watches, and a table clock all the property 
of the deceased William Scott, sometime of London and 
lately residing in the Hardgate." Caledonian Mercury, 
25th February 1799. 

SCOTT, WILLIAM. Ferryport-on-Craig, Fife, 1837. 
SCOTT & Co., Clock Dial Makers. Glasgow, 1837. 
SCOTT & STEELE. 13 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 1790-99. 
SCRYMGEOUR, JAMES. 90 Glassford Street, Glasgow, 
1816-37. 

SCRYMGEOUR, JAMES. Aberdeen, 1846. 
SELLAR, JOHN. Elgin, 1820-37. 



340 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

SHARP, ROBERT. Coldstream, 1825. 

SHARP, ROBERT. Jedburgh, 1815-25. 

SHARPE, FRANCIS. 3 Church Place, Dumfries, 1837. 

SHEARER, MICHAEL. Edinburgh, 1786-1825. 

" A CURIOUS ORGAN CLOCK. Mr Shearer, wooden 
clock maker, middle of the West Bow, Edinburgh, returns 
his most grateful thanks to the ladies and gentlemen 
and the public in general for former favours, and 
acquaints them that he continues to make, sell, and 
repair all sorts of wooden clocks and musical clocks in 
the neatest taste and on the lowest terms. Mr Shearer 
has just finished an organ clock which plays eight 
principal tunes its equal has never been produced in 
this country for elegance and beauty. It has two stops, 
a Diapason and Principal. It has an elegant carved 
and gilded dial and a mock organ in the arch with a 
man playing on the organ. If the above clock is not 
sold in a short time M. S. intends to dispose of it by way 
of lottery. The clock is to be seen at his own house 
(gratis). N.B. Commissions in town and from the 
country carefully attended to and expeditiously an- 
swered." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 3rd March 1788. 

SHEARER & WALKER. 35 Arcade, Glasgow, 1836. 

SHEARER, MRS CHARLES. 38 Glassford Street, Glasgow, 
1836. 

SHEDDEN, CHARLES. 3 George Street, Perth, 1813-71 
"THE INCORPORATED TRADES. In the evening 
the Trades dined in the various Hotels, when the usual 
supply of Breadalbane venison appeared on each table. 
At the Hammermen's dinner in the British Hotel, Ex- 
Bailie Shedden was presented with a handsome silver 
tea-set and a silver claret-jug. The presentation was 
made by Bailie Gray, who in a highly complimentary 
speech referred to the able manner in which Bailie 
Shedden had performed the duties devolving upon him 
as Deacon of the Hammermen's Incorporation during 
the past 25 years. The tea-pot and claret-jug bear the 
following inscription : 

" ' Presented by the Hammermen Incorporation 
of Perth to Charles Shedden as a mark of respect 
and esteem, and in testimony of his energetic, zealous, 
faithful, and efficient services, as Deacon for the 
period of 25 years Perth, 7th October 1863.' 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 341 

" The service is 50 in value, and was furnished by Mr 
D. Greig, 8 John Street, Perth." Source unknown. 

" Our obituary of to-day contains an intimation of 
the death of Mr Charles Shedden, watchmaker, formerly 
one of the Magistrates of the City, Convener of the 
Trades, and Deacon of the Hammermen Incorporation, 
which took place on Thursday at his residence in Princes 
Street. Deceased, owing to failing health and the 
infirmities incident to old age, retired from his 
business several years ago, and had attained to the 
advanced age of 79 years. He was a native of Perth, 
and during upwards of half a century followed the 
calling of a clock and watch maker, and was a person 
of enterprise and activity. He was during the long 
period of 28 years Deacon of the Hammermen In- 
corporation, and devoted a great deal of his time to 
the promotion of its interests. He likewise for some 
time filled the office of Convener of the Incorporated 
Trades. During a number of years he was entrusted 
by the Town Council with the charge of keeping in 
order the public clock and the music bells in the tower 
of St John's Church. In 1835 he was appointed by 
the Council Inspector of Weights and Measures for 
the Burgh. Until incapacitated by failing health, he 
discharged the duties of the latter office with much 
satisfaction and acceptability, and, in fact, he performed 
all his public duties with faithfulness and integrity. 
About 1850, he for three years filled the office of a 
Magistrate of the city. He was a Liberal Conservative 
and a staunch supporter of the Church of Scotland, 
though not much of an ardent political or ecclesiastical 
partisan. He was of a social and genial disposition, and 
had many friends among his fellow-citizens, by whom 
his demise will be greatly regretted." Source unknown. 

SHEILL, JAMES. Earlston, 1730. 

" Isobel Sheill or Pringle, wife of James Sheill, 
watchmaker in Earlston, served Heir Portr. of Line to 
her father George Pringle, meal dealer there. Dated 
1 8th July 1730." Services of Heirs. 

SHERRIFF, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1727. 

Son of the deceased Alex. Sherriff, painter in Edin- 
burgh ; booked apprentice to Hugh Barclay, nth 
November 1727. See notes on Hugh Barclay. 



342 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

SHIER, THOMAS. Lowe Street, Banff, 1837. 
SHORT, RAMSAY. Edinburgh, 1781. 

Booked apprentice to Robert Clidsdale. 

SHORT, THOMAS. Edinburgh. Keeper of the Calton 
Observatory, 1777. 

SIM, JOHN. Longside, Aberdeenshire, 1837. 
SI ME, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1768. 

Booked apprentice to Robert Clidsdale, 27th January 
1768. 

SIMPSON, DAVID. Portree, Isle of Skye, 1837. 

SIMPSON, JOHN. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1761. 

Booked apprentice to George Monro, 1761. 
SIMPSON, JOHN. Hamilton Street, Girvan, 1850. 
SIMPSON, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1761-68. 

Booked apprentice to John Brown, 1st August 1761. 
Discharged of his indentures I3th August 1768. 

SIMS, FRANCIS. Edinburgh, 1767. 

SINCLAIR, ALEXANDER. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1764. 
Booked apprentice to George Monro. 

SINCLAIR, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1767. 

Booked apprentice to Normond Macpherson, 6th 
July 1767. 

SINCLAIR, JAMES. Alloa, 1835. 

SINCLAIR, PETER. 67 Canning Street, Glasgow, 1837. 

SKELTON, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1773-1834. 

" Bound apprentice to William Downie, i6th March 
1773. The Incorporation gave their consent to him to 
serve out his time with Normond Macpherson, present 
Deacon, 8th February 1777. Discharged of his inden- 
tures 6th May 1780. Presented a petition craving to 
be admitted freeman on 29th January 1785. On the 
application of George Skelton he was allowed one 
month more to give in his essay, I2th November 1785. 
Compeared on 27th December 1785, and presented his 
essay, being a plain watch movement begun, made, and 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 343 

finished in his own shop in presence of Robert Aitchison, 
landlord, Laurence Dalgleish, Thomas Reid, and William 
White, essay masters, as they declared." E. H. Records. 

"WATCHMAKING. George Skelton, watchmaker, a 
little below the Cross Well, north side of the High 
Street, Edinburgh, partner and successor to the late 
Mr Samuel Brown (q.v.), returns his grateful thanks to 
the company's employers in general, and his friends 
in particular ; begs leave to acquaint them that he 
carries on the business in all its branches as formerly. 
G. Skelton had the entire management of the business 
during the last three years of Mr Brown's life, which 
he flatters himself has given general satisfaction, and 
he hopes by unremitting attention to merit a continua- 
tion of the public favour which he now solicits. Those 
who are indebted to the Company will please order 
payment as soon as possible to G. Skelton, who will 
grant proper discharges." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
1 5th December 1787. 

" George Skelton respectfully acquaints his friends 
and the public that, on account of the buildings being 
taken down, he has removed from his old shop near the 
Cross Well to the Parliament Close, south side, where he 
continues to carry on the business in all its branches, 
and solicits continuance of their favours." Edinburgh 
Advertiser, I4th June 1793. 

"SHOP REMOVED. George Skelton, watchmaker, 
respectfully acquaints his friends and the public that 
he is now removed from No. 2 Hunter Square, to that 
shop formerly occupied by the late Mr Samuel Brown 
and him, below the Cross Well, north side of the High 
Street, now rebuilt, where he continues to carry on the 
business in all its branches, etc." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, I3th June 1796. 

See Laurence Dalgleish, i8th June 1808, page 98. 

"As a gentleman was going from the Old to the 
New town on Sunday evening last, he was jostled by 
two persons opposite to the Register Office, who picked 
his pocket of a silver hunting watch and two gold seals, 
maker's name Laurence Dalgleish, No. 504. Whoever 
will bring the watch and seals to George Skelton, 
watchmaker, opposite to the Cross Well, will be rewarded 
and no questions asked." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
3rd February 1810. 



344 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

" George Skelton, Clock and Watch Maker, No. 257 
High Street, begs leave to inform his friends and the 
public, that having retired from business he has no more 
concern with the trade now carried on in his former 
premises. He would request the favour of those 
indebted to him to pay their accounts at his own 
house, 33 Richmond Place." Ibid., 2Oth February 1834. 

His death occurring, as far as we can discover, about 
the end of 1834, closed a business career which was 
unique among the craftsmen of Edinburgh. When we 
consider that his business covered, through the partner- 
ship he entered into, a period of one hundred and fifty 
years, and had been in the possession of men, each of 
them intimately acquainted with one another, it will 
be seen that George Skelton has some claim to our 
admiration in having successfully preserved a connection 
which was a feature of the good old times. 

SKEOCH, JAMES, sen. High Street, Stewarton, 1837. 

SKIRVING, JOHN. Edinburgh,, 1771-81. 

We have been unable to find out where this maker 
was trained. His election as a freeman of the Edinburgh 
Hammermen was opposed by the whole of the clock- 
makers present at the meeting when his admission was 
proposed. The minutes which follow give full informa- 
tion regarding it, and will be found interesting as 
affording light on the jealousy prevailing among crafts- 
men in Edinburgh during the eighteenth century. 

"At MAGDALEN CHAPEL, 23^ March 1771. A 
letter was read from John Skirving, importing that he 
was desirous of becoming a member of the Incorporation 
as a clock and watch maker, and that he was willing to 
pay an adequate sum on account of his not having 
served for the freedom. Which letter was remitted to 
the locksmith's art, with power to them to meet and 
report their opinion against next quarter meeting." 

^th April 1771. "The locksmith's art met according 
to the remittance to them of the letter sent to the 
Incorporation by John Skirving, and after reading the 
same Deacon Lethem communicated to the art another 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 345 

letter from the said John Skirving addressed to him. 
After reasoning on both these letters a very great 
majority of the art agreed to reject his offer to procure 
the admission into the Incorporation, he having no legal 
title to be admitted a freeman of the Incorporation." 

4/# May 1771. "A motion being made to approve 
of the report, after a good deal of reasoning thereanent, 
on the reading of the letter given in by Mr Lethem to 
the committee, wherein John Skirving offers Fifty 
Guineas for the freedom, a vote was proposed and 
agreed to whether or not the report should be approven 
of. But before voting William Nicoll protested against 
any such vote being put, and took instruments to whom 
William Turnbull, James Cowan, Robert Aitchison, 
Robert Clidsdale, Samuel Brown, John Gibson, John 
Murdoch, Normand Macpherson, William Downie, and 
James Duff adhered. Thereafter the vote being put, 
stood as follows : 

"Approve 24; not approve 45. The Incorporation 
accordingly disapproved of the said report of the lock- 
smith's, whereupon James Cowan again protested and 
took instruments in respect the Incorporation had no 
power to admit Skirving without the consent of the 
watchmakers." 

\\th May 1771. " A bill of suspension at the instance 
of Samuel Brown and other watchmakers intimated to 
the Deacon being presented to the meeting, containing 
a demand to prohibit the Incorporation from entering 
John Skirving, which being read and reasoned upon, 
several members of the Incorporation being of opinion 
that the Incorporation had no concern to answer the 
bill, a note was proposed and seconded whether an 
answer should be given in name of the Incorporation or 
not. Before the vote was put James Cowan protested 
that however the vote should go, that no part of the 
expence should be paid out of the poor's fund. To 
whom William Nicoll (and names as in former minute) 
adhered. Thereafter the vote being put, it carried by a 
majority of Forty to Thirty that the bill of suspension 
should be answered and the clerk was ordered to do the 



346 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

same. William Turnbull protested that if the expences 
of the answer was to be paid out of the funds of the 
Incorporation the suspension should likewise be entitled 
to their expences out of the same funds, and thereupon 
took instruments." 

\%th May 1771. "The occasion of the meeting 
being to consider a demand made by the watchmakers 
for giving their agent inspection of the Seals of Cause 
and Records belonging to the Incorporation, which 
demand the Committee thought reasonable and author- 
ised the clerk to give inspection required." 

\stjune 1771. " A proposal from the watchmakers 
being made for admitting John Skirving for payment 
of Eighty pounds Sterling, and other members proposing 
to admit him for payment of Sixty pounds, it was 
motioned that as the watchmakers had intimated a 
"sist," obtained on a bill of suspension, prohibiting the 
Incorporation from entering Skirving. Which though 
an answer was made thereto was not yet advised. 
There would be a danger of incurring a contempt of 
authority; was the Incorporation to proceed in that 
matter before the suspension was refused by the Lords? 
Whereupon the watchmakers in presence of the whole 
house agreed to pass from the suspension and " sist," and 
consented that the Incorporation should immediately 
ascertain the sum for which they are willing to admit 
John Skirving a freeman. And the watchmakers at the 
same time declared that they would pay the expenses 
of any process with John Skirving, which should happen 
in consequence of the Incorporation ascertaining the 
entry money to be a greater sum than Skirving was 
willing to pay. And the whole watchmakers present 
granted an obligation for that purpose. John Spalding 
protested that no watchmaker should have a vote in any 
question relative to John Skirving as they were and 
ought to be considered as parties, and thereupon took 
instruments. To whom James Aberdour and James 
Milne adhered. Thereafter a vote was proposed and 
agreed unto whether John Skirving should be admitted 
for payment of Sixty or Eighty pounds, when it was 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 347 

carried fifty votes to nineteen that he was to pay Eighty 
pounds Sterling for being admitted a freeman, and the 
clerk was appointed to intimate the same to John 
Skirving. At the above vote there were ten watch- 
makers present who all voted Eighty pounds." 

25/7* June 1771. "A letter being read from John 
Skirving offering Seventy pounds Sterling for being 
admitted a freeman. Which being considered, the 
Incorporation, notwithstanding of the former resolution 
ascertaining the sum to be Eighty pounds, unanimously 
agree to admit him a freeman clock and watch maker for 
payment of Seventy pounds Sterling." 

" Thereafter compeared the said John Skirving and 
presented a bill craving that an essay and essay master 
should be appointed upon payment of the said Seventy 
pounds. The prayer of which was granted. The essay 
to be presented between and Candlemas, and he paid to 
the Treasurer Thirty-five pounds sterling, and is to pay 
the like sum at his entry." 

ist February 1772. "Compeared and presented his 
essay, being a spring clock for repeating the quarters, 
begun, made, and finished in James Duffs shop in 
presence of James Duff, landlord, Robert Aitchison, 
William Downie, and Thomas Sibbald, essay masters as 
they declared, which was found to be a well-wrought 
essay and able to serve the lieges. He was thereafter 
admitted a freeman clock and watch maker. He paid 
the Treasurer Thirty-five pounds as the last half of his 
upset, and in token of his consent to the acts of the 
Incorporation conform to the oath of admission taken by 
him he signs these presents Jno. Skirving." E. H. 
Records. 

" By order of the trustees for the creditors of John 
Skirving, Watchmaker in Edinburgh. On Wednesday 
next, the 27th curt, will be sold by public roup at the 
shop of the said John Skirving in Luckenbooth's, Edin- 
burgh, at 10 o'clock forenoon, his whole stock-in-trade, 
consisting of several watches and eight-day clocks, with 
a table and fine musical clock, and also his whole tools, 
benches, and other articles used by clock and watch 



348 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

makers ; and on Thursday, the 28th, will be rouped and 
sold the whole household furniture that belonged to the 
said John Skirving at his house, Dons Close. All those 
standing indebted to the said John Skirving are desired 
immediately to pay their debts to Robert Tenant, at 
Mr Sprotts, writer, Morocco Close, Canongate. A 
person will attend from ten to two o'clock at the said 
shop to-morrow to show the goods. 

" N.B. The house and shop are to be let to Whitsun- 
day next for particulars apply as above." Caledonian 
Mercury, 25th November 1776. 

"LOST, the 30th of May last, 1779, in or about 
Edinburgh, an engraved Metal Watch, name H. N. 
James, Edinburgh, No. 135. Whoever has found the 
same will please acquaint John Skirving, watchmaker, 
Parliament Close, Edinburgh, and they will receive a 
handsome reward." Caledonian Mercury, 4th June 1779. 

2Jth January 1781. " A letter was read from John 
Skirving craving a loan and offering caution. The 
Incorporation, in respect of the former regulations, 
refuse to lend any money to him or any other member 
of the house, at the same time authorise the Treasurer 
to lend ten guineas to the person proposed to be 
cautioner upon his single bill payable in twelve months, 
in case it shall appear to the treasurer and his committee 
that such person is apparently in good circumstances." 

2\st July 1781. "John Skirving, upon condition of 
his going abroad (after reasoning upon his letter 
acquainting thereof), authorises Robert Clidsdale, Robert 
Aitchison, and Laurence Dalgleish to give to or pay on 
his account, as they shall think proper, fifteen guineas, 
and this sum the treasurer is authorised to pay to the 
above three members." E. H. Records. 

SLIM AN, ARCHIBALD. Cumnock, 1837-50. 
SLIMEN, WILLIAM. 21 High Street, Ayr, 1836. 
SMALL, THOMAS. Dundee, 1722. 
SMALL, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1769-75. 

Booked apprentice to John Murdoch, 28th January 
1769. Discharged of his indentures 28th January 1775- 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 349 

SMEITON, CHARLES. Dimbar, 1791. 

" To be sold by private bargain, several eight-day 
clocks with and without cases, several silver watches, 
with a quantity of watch-glasses, chains, seals, and keys, 
being the whole stock-in-trade of the deceased Charles 
Smeiton, watchmaker in Dunbar. The whole are new 
and fashionable and will be disposed of considerably 
below prime cost for the encouragement of purchasers, 
who will be shown the same by applying to Mr John 
Tait, town-clerk of Dunbar. 

" N.B. William Drysdale, watch and clock maker 
from Edinburgh, is now carrying on that business at 
Dunbar, and has always on hand a large assortment of 
clocks and watches and a great assortment of Hardware 
and Jewellery articles which he sells on moderate 
terms." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 24th February 
1791. 

SMITH, ALEXANDER. Dundee, 1718-42. 

SMITH, ALEXANDER. Keithhall, Inverurie, 1846. 

SMITH, ALEXANDER. Low Street, Banff, 1845. 

SMITH, ALEXANDER. Tranent, 1837. 

SMITH, ANDREW. Prestonpans, 1830. 

Had a son named Robert in North Berwick and 
another named Alexander in Tranent, both clockmakers. 
SMITH, A. P. Reform Street, Dundee, 1850. 
SMITH, CHARLES. James Street, Aberdeen, 1846. 
SMITH, DAVID. Pittenweem, 1827-34. 

SMITH, DAVID. South Street, St Andrews, 1835-73. 

Business continued by a son who died in 1904, and 
still carried on by a grandson of David. 

" Helen Coupar or Smith, wife of D. Smith, watch- 
maker, St Andrews, served Co-Heir special to her father, 
David Coupar, merchant there, who died 6th January 
1839, in shares of ground called the Nib in Fifeshire 
dated 1 5th March 1850. Recorded 27th March 1850." 
Services of Heirs. 

SMITH, GEORGE. Gordon Street, Huntly, 1837-46. 
SMITH, GEORGE. High Street, Forres, 1837. 



350 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

SMITH, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1647. 

It is not unlikely that there were other knokmakers 
in Edinburgh at this date, but this George Smith is the 
first name that appears in the Hammermen's Records as 
being admitted a qualified knokmaker and entered as a 
member of the locksmith craft. This last branch being 
made imperative on every aspirant for the freedom of 
the Incorporation, and a lock and key were invariably 
added as a test of their ability along with the essay 
peculiar to their art. When the Hammermen decided 
to allow knokmakers to become freemen is not known, 
as no " minute " is to be found recommending such an 
arrangement. Possibly there were so few of them in 
Edinburgh before this time that it was not worth while 
forcing them to join. Always suspicious about infringing 
their privileges, the fact of an outsider making the clock 
for their meeting-place drew their attention to a matter 
that they were shrewd enough to see would give rise to 
endless disputes. No doubt they were informed of what 
had been done in London in this same matter, as the 
clockmakers there had been in the custom of associating 
themselves under the blacksmith trade, but being more 
numerous in that city they broke away from this 
arrangement and formed a distinct Incorporation called 
the Clockmakers' Company of London in 1631. 

As there was at least one clockmaker before 1647, 
James Smith, 1 who was the father of George and Robert 
Smith, it is just possible that he took advantage of the 
presence of James Alisone (q.v.) being in Edinburgh in 
1640-1 to enlarge his own experience and so gain 
enough extra knowledge and practice as would enable 
him to instruct his two sons. Be that as it may, on the 
6th September 1647 the records bear testimony that for 
the first time in the history of the Hammermen two 
aspirants presented themselves for admission as freemen 
knokmakers. As their admission is really the first 
authentic account of the beginning of an industry that, 

1 This James Smith died 3ist May 1660; his name occurs in the 
volume published by the Scottish Record Society of the list of names of 
persons buried in the Greyfriars' Churchyard, Edinburgh. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 351 

as year after year rolled on, grew to great dimensions 
in Edinburgh, we give the minute dealing with the 
admission in full, as being of some interest : 

"Apud Magdalen Chapel, 6th September 1647. The 
qlk day Georg Smith, locksmith and knok maker, in 
presence of the Deacon, Masters, and haill house, 
presented his assay, to wit, ane lock with ane key, ane 
sprent band, and ane knok, ane mounter and dyell, qlk 
was found ane qualified and weill wrocht assay able to 
serve the king's liegis. Therefor the Deacon, Masters, 
and others above written, with consent of the locksmiths 
and knok makers, admitted and received him in amongst 
them as an freeman in the said arts, and that in respect 
he was lawfull son to James Smith, locksmith and knok 
maker, freeman and burgess of this burgh. His assay 
masters, Johne Tueidie, elder, and Patrick Nicolsone, 
locksmiths, gave their oath as use is, and he payed to 
the boxmaster for his banquet and upset thirty-three 
pounds, six shillings, eight pence, gave his oath, 
subscribed the covenant, produced his burgess ticket 
conform to the order, payed to the clerk and officer their 
dues, whereupon this act is made." 

As his name does not appear again in the records, 
we conclude that he must have left Edinburgh and 
settled in some other town. It may have been Dundee, 
as a George Smith put in order a clock made by James 
Alisone, which had become faulty in 1648 ; and to follow 
this surmise further we have a William Smith, in 1660 in 
Dundee, who may have been his son, repairing a clock 
at the request of the Town Council. 

SMITH, JAMES. Grantown, Inverness-shire, 1837. 

SMITH, JAMES. Dundee, 1742. 

SMITH, JAMES. Bridgegate, Irvine, 1837-50. 

SMITH, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1790-1806. 

" On the evening of Wednesday the 4th of August 
last, a gentleman was attacked on the Earthen Mound, 
betwixt the old and new town of Edinburgh, by four 
men who knocked him down and robbed him of a gold 



352 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

watch having a tortoise-shell outer case, maker's name 
Jas. Smith, Edinburgh, No. 103, with a silver se'al."- 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 2ist August 1790. 

" Whereas, on the evening of Thursday the 9th curt, 
a gold watch-chain and seal of which had been robbed on 
the evening of Wednesday the 4th of August last was 
found, wrapped in a grey paper, in a passage leading 
to a common stair of a tenement in Shakespeare Square. 
Whoever will give information to the Procurator-Fiscal 
of the County or city of Edinburgh, of the person or 
persons in whose possession the said watch-chain and 
seal have at any time been, from their being taken from 
the gentleman till found as above, shall receive a reward 
of ten guineas, and the name of the informer shall be 
concealed if required." Ibid., nth September 1790. 

" On Friday last there was lost in the old town a 
gold watch, maker's name John Lamb, London, No. 1994, 
with a gilt chain and gold seal. Whoever has found 
the same will please return them to Mr Smith, watch- 
maker, Leith Terrace, Edinburgh, and they shall receive 
a handsome reward." Ibid., I4th April 1796. 

SMITH, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1641-48. 

Although as far back as the year 1629 the name 
of James Smith appears in the Hammermen Records, 
it is not until 1641 that it is clear that he was a knok- 
maker. If the reader will turn to the notes on the clock 
and bell of the Magdalen Chapel (page 235), it will be 
seen that the committee who were appointed on the 
23rd of February 1641 were requested to meet with James 
Smith or any other knokmaker, for estimates, etc. This 
states definitely that he followed that art, and although 
he did not get the contract (see James Alisone), he 
appears to have had sufficient business to warrant 
him making his two sons George and Robert (q.v.) 
clockmakers. They were the first two whose names 
appear as being properly qualified knokmakers in 
Edinburgh. As James Smith's name disappears from 
the list of freemen in the Incorporation of Hammermen 
after 1648, it is surmised that his death took place about 
that date. It is interesting to note that in the list given 
of names in 1640, his name occurs along with a brother 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 353 

craftsman named Adame Steill, who was, as a little note 
informs us, "kild and layd in ye bed of honour as a 
valient cavelier at Merstoun Muir near Zork (York)." 
This gives a sidelight on which side the Hammermen's 
sympathies were. 
SMITH, JOHN. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1680. 

Bracket Clock made by this man shown at Glasgow 
Exhibition 1911. 

SMITH, JOHN. Trongate, Glasgow, 1783-1806. 

" Lost, by a gentleman in High Street on Wednesday 
night last, a gold repeating watch, maker's name 
Collondon, Roux & Daffer, No. 80. Whoever will 
return it to John Smith, watchmaker, Glasgow, will 
receive two guineas reward." Glasgow Courier, 7th 
April 1798. 

SMITH, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1819-22. 
SMITH, JOHN. Perth, 1791. 

Admitted freeman into the Incorporation of Hammer- 
men, Perth, in right of his father, 1791. 

SMITH, JOHN. Pittenweem, 1770-1814. 

This ingenious craftsman, owing to the peculiar side 
he took in the art of horology, has to be classed along 
with such makers as Matthew Parker and Thomas Reid, 
who were also his contemporaries, and belonged to the 
same county. While these last two men excelled in 
the production of movements requiring a vast amount of 
calculation, besides great skill in their execution, yet 
looking at the effects produced by John Smith, and the 
mechanical labour involved to produce such effects, 
credit must be allowed to him for the obstacles he 
surmounted in realising his ideas, owing to the secluded 
part of the country he resided in, and the want of proper 
facilities necessary for their construction. Living at 
a period when the production of clocks with more or 
less elaborate mechanical effects engaged the attention 
of quite a number of capable men all over Scotland, 
it was left to the then obscure fishing village of Pitten- 
weem to produce a man who gave his brother craftsmen 
an object-lesson in this particular form of clockmaking. 

z 



354 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Unfortunately the place where he learned the art 
is not recorded, but in an advertisement issued by 
himself in the year 1775, he informs us that "he was 
bred in the trade and had never been out of the country," 
inferring that although he was a regularly bred clockmaker 
yet the mechanical parts of the clocks he so much delighted 
in making were entirely the work of his own hands, and 
that the effects were entirely original. Competent 
judges who have had occasion to examine some of those 
movements are astonished at the ingenuity displayed 
in their production, and the means taken to bring 
about the combinations he employed in working out 
such parts, the verdict always being that these were 
more than the labours of a craftsman they were the 
creations of a genius. Of course this only applies to 
clocks having elaborate movements, as it is certain that 
he was assisted in the production of the ordinary class of 
timekeepers by skilled journeymen. But his fame as 
being more than an ordinary clockmaker was made by 
the clock described below ; we feel certain that up to the 
date of its finish he must have toiled away unassisted to 
surmount the many experiments he undertook to arrive 
at the intricate movement which to-day remains as a 
lasting tribute to his patience and skill. Possibly the 
first he constructed, it yet remains one of the most 
elaborate, and an account of it is well worth recording. 

" The case, which is of the finest mahogany, is seven 
feet high with fluted columns on each side of the body. 
Part of the flutes are filled with brass gilt with gold, and 
have brass Corinthian capitals and bases. The head has 
columns at the corners with similar capitals. The upper 
part of the head is ornamented with carving, fretwork, 
birds' eyes, and is gilded, having a golden bird with 
expanded wings standing in the middle of the head. 
This case contains a large eight-day musical clock with 
three dial plates, and a chime of sixteen bells. The 
work is divided into five different parts, each of which 
has its own particular weight. The first is the going 
part, the second drives a small musical barrel which 
plays a pleasant chime at the first, second, and third 







ELABORATE MUSICAL CLOCK, 

By John Smith, Pittenweem, 1770-1814. Valued by its maker at ^900. View of 
Principal Dial. The property of William B. Smith, Esq., Glasgow. (See p. 361.) 

[To face page 354. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 355 

quarters, and plays once over a favourite tune before 
striking the hour. The third part strikes the hour, and 
the fourth drives a large musical barrel containing eight 
celebrated Scots tunes which are as follows : 

i. Highland Laddie; 2. Flowers of the Forest; 
3. Tweedside; 4. Ettrick Banks;* 5. Lass of Patie's Mill ; 
6. The Bonniest Lass in all the World; 7. Logan Water; 
8. Roslin Castle. 

One tune is played every three hours with great 
exactness. The last part changes the tune. The clock 
plays the eight in the twenty-four hours. 

" The front dial plate measures about fifteen inches 
and has an arch ; it shows the hour minute, and 
second ; and also the day of the month, without varia- 
tions, even on the 28th of February, throughout the 
whole year. In this plate likewise are two small hands, 
one of which discovers the day of the week. When 
Sunday comes these words, ' Remember Sunday,' is cast 
up. At twelve o'clock on Saturday night the clock stops 
playing till twelve strikes on Sunday night, when she 
begins her music and continues all the week till Saturday 
night again. The other hand stops the music, hours, 
and quarters, at pleasure. 

"The dial plate on the right hand measures about 
eight inches. It contains a hand that points to the 
name of the tune the clock plays, and it can be set to 
play any of them at pleasure. A small hand on the 
arch can be set to play common or triple time. The 
dial on the left hand is of the same dimensions as the 
one on the right. It represents the front of a house with 
the front door in the middle, and a stair with the King's 
Arms in the arch. At each side of the door stands an 
armed sentinel in the livery of the City Guard of 
Edinburgh, painted in lively colours on brass. Inside 
the doorway you see the macer of the Lords of Council 
and Session dressed in his robe with the mace in his 
right hand ; and as soon as the clock begins to play he 
takes off his hat with his left hand and walks past the 
door. Then the fifteen Lords dressed in their robes, 
without hats, follow in procession. When the Lords are 



356 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

past, you see the macer come to his place with his hat 
in his hand and put it on again. The whole is well 
painted on thin brass, and several of the Lords are 
allowed to be striking likenesses." 

In one of the contemporary Edinburgh newspapers 
a letter appears, signed by one who calls himself " A 
Lover of Genius," giving the above description, and 
this "feeler" is followed up shortly afterwards by the 
arrival of the clock in Edinburgh for the purpose of 
exhibition and disposal. This was in the year 1775, and 
it is quite plain from the announcements made about it 
that the movements had been finished long before the 
handsome case was got to contain them. We notice in 
that year, from the Services of Heirs, that John Smith 
was served heir to his aunt Helen Smith in Cupar, and 
this may have helped him to the possession of the means 
which enabled him to finish it and bring it to Edinburgh. 
Large numbers visited it at Balfour's Coffee House, each 
paying one shilling to see it, but as far as can be 
gleaned, although every endeavour was made, no 
purchaser was got. From this date up to 1804 no 
mention of it is to be found either as to location or 
owner. Probably no clock made by a Scotsman has 
been so often described or referred to. Accounts of it 
appeared in a large number of newspapers and magazines 
for many a year after, but, curiously enough, not the 
slightest hint was given into whose hands it had fallen. 
Some years ago a description of it was given in 
the pages of the Weekly Scotsman to see if its location 
would turn up, but no satisfactory reply was received, 
although one now in Dundee by the same maker was 
in some detail similar, but not the one described. An 
account of this same clock appeared in a local Fife 
newspaper of the date of 1891, where the information 
was given that " John Smith took it to London for 
the purpose of showing it to King George III., but un- 
fortunately ere he reached the metropolis King George 
was blind and incapable of inspecting it. No offer, 
however, was made tempting enough to induce him to 
part with it. It was, therefore, brought back to Scotland 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 357 

and eventually disposed of by Mr Smith to a landed 
proprietor in the West of Fife." The article closed 
thus : " The clock is now in the possession of a London 
firm who are offering it for sale. The price they put 
upon it is said to be 24.0." 

This is how one writer disposes of this famous clock, 
but the story will not bear examination. King George 
III. did not turn blind until after 1800, at least twenty- 
five years after the clock was made. The writer of the 
article strangely mixes up another clock which John 
Smith took to London in 1808 and which is now in the 
possession of a gentleman near Alloa (this one will be 
referred to further on). In spite of the publicity of the 
description given in the Weekly Scotsman, along with 
other journals, nothing transpired to identify its location 
or owner. We had despaired of hearing anything about 
it, but a visit to Dalkeith in the summer of 1904 soon 
solved the mystery. Going into a local watchmaker's 
shop, a custom which we have been in the habit of doing, 
wherever we go, to have a chat about old time makers, 
the young man in charge of the shop informed me that 
John Smith's famous clock was at the present moment 
in Dalkeith Palace. Inquiring if he was sure that it 
was the long-looked-for clock, he replied that it agreed 
exactly with the description given in our book, a copy 
of which he had beside him, and further, that as he had 
the winding, etc., of all the clocks in the house to attend 
to, there was not the slightest doubt as to its being the 
self-same clock. 

A request being forwarded to the proper quarter for 
permission to view it and establish its identity, it was 
graciously given effect to by his Grace the late Duke 
of Buccleuch, its owner, and on visiting the palace, 
to our delight, this masterpiece was seen in complete 
going order. Everything in the description was duly 
compared and found to be absolutely correct, and while 
we were there we not only saw the procession of the 
judges, but the musical chime played sweetly the first 
tune on the list, namely, " Highland Laddie." The 
whole clock was a revelation, everything being in perfect 



358 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

condition. Among the many fine clocks and timepieces 
to be found in this splendid mansion, a number of them 
being masterpieces of French and English makers, the 
clock by our old Scots craftsman easily held its own, 
both as regards appearance and performance. 

To think that after a period of more than a century 
it performs its useful duty as time - keeper and its 
intricate and musical effects as complete as when first 
set agoing, points not only to the excellence of the 
materials and workmanship employed, but also to the 
care displayed in its preservation by its noble owners. 
How long it has been in the possession of the Buccleuch 
family has not transpired, but the late Duke of Buccleuch 
was, we understand, accustomed to its presence from 
childhood, now a period of over seventy years. This 
shows that its location in Dalkeith Palace is not a thing 
of yesterday, and the probability is that an ancestor of 
the duke purchased the clock when it was shown in 
Edinburgh in 1775. 

Not much information is to be got about John Smith 
after the above date till the year 1808, when he again 
visited Edinburgh with two clocks, a description of 
which follows : 

One of them was what he terms a table clock, four 
feet ten inches high, moved by springs (see p. 354). 
The other was nine feet high, moved by weights, and 
having four dials. The first and largest showed the 
months and the number of days in each ; the second, the 
days of the week, with " Remember the Sabbath " 
opposite Sunday ; the third, having directions for 
arranging the striking of the clock ; while the fourth 
told the seconds, minutes, and hours. It had an 
elaborate scene of a Royal Procession, and also had 
a chime of twenty-four bells, which played the following 
eight tunes : 

i. Mary Scott ; 2. Duke of York's March ; 3. Prince of 
Wales' March ; 4. The Last Time I came ower the Muir ; 
5. God Save the King; 6. The Wanking of the Fauld ; 
7. Roslin Castle ; 8. My Nannie. 

Advised by his ardent friends, he resolved to carry 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 359 

them to London. The journey itself in those days with 
such fragile wares was enough to daunt most men, but 
he evidently had the idea that London was the only 
goal where his labours would be recognised and 
recompensed. On his arrival there he had the honour 
of exhibiting these two clocks to the Royal Family and 
nobility and gentry. He also had them valued by 
three of the first makers in London whose appraisement 
for the table clock was fixed at the respectable figure of 
nine hundred pounds ; the other at four hundred and 
seventy-two pounds. It was at this date, on his second 
visit to London, that he devoted his leisure time to 
mastering the intricacies of watchmaking. To what 
success he arrived at is not known, but the fact remains 
that watches bearing his name are exceeding rare (we 
have only heard of three), showing that his forte lay in 
clockmaking. 

While no doubt he made a little by exhibiting his 
handiwork, no purchasers were to be found, so there was 
nothing else but to pack them up again and return to 
Scotland. Arriving in Edinburgh about the beginning 
of the year 1809, he proceeded to try his fortune with the 
citizens by the usual plan then of a lottery. Knowing 
that the prices put upon them were prohibitive, he set 
about in earnest to make his scheme as attractive as 
possible. As two prizes were not enough to draw 
subscriptions, he added six eight-day clocks l in mahogany 
cases, with moon's age and tide, value ten guineas each, 
one small gold watch with double cases, horizontal 
capped and jewelled, value 26, 53., two silver watches 
at six guineas each, and three at three and a half guineas 
each. The 900 clock was reduced to the curious 
valuation of 892, ios., making the fourteen prizes of 
the value of 1477, 75. 6d. This was a big project, and 
as he fixed the price of each ticket at half a guinea, 
it meant the disposal of nearly 3000 tickets. He kept 
this subscription open for six months, and at the end 
of that period the drawing took place. The first prize 
was drawn by ticket No. 773, the second by No. 766, 
1 $ee illustration 



360 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

the third by 2768, and so on ; but into whose hands the 
prizes fell at this drawing has not transpired. The 
results, we are afraid, did not come up to the exposer's 
expectations, for it appears that after paying the 
necessary expenses incurred, he cleared 500, not one 
half the sum he valued the clocks at. 

Towards the close of the year 1899 a short account 
of these two clocks was given in the pages of the 
Weekly Scotsman (a paper that circulates wherever 
Scotsmen are to be found), with the view of ascertaining 
if possible if they were in existence, and their location. 
To our surprise, on roth December 1899 a communication 
was received from Colonel Harvey, Schaw Park, Clack- 
mannan, informing us that having read the description 
given in the Weekly Scotsman, he begged to state that a 
clock corresponding to the description given, made by 
John Smith, Pittenweem, was in his possession. After 
describing more fully some details, he explained that 
unfortunately, " some years ago, when in the act of being 
removed it fell, and the workings of the procession were 
damaged. The clock itself, however, goes and keeps 
good time, and I don't doubt that this is the same clock, 
which was for many years in the possession of my 
grandfather, Mr Fernie of Kilmux." 

In addition to the above there was also received 
from Mr J. D. Wallace, Watchmaker, Mill Street, Alloa, 
corroboration as to the identity of the clock. He wrote, 
" I have had the honour of cleaning the clock, which 
stands in the front hall of one of the large mansions 
in the neighbourhood, that of Colonel J. Bald Harvey, 
Schaw Park. I was glad to get the history of it, and 
whenever I read it I recognised it at once. Colonel 
Harvey is to be congratulated on having in his posses- 
sion such a fine specimen of the clockmaker's art." 

This is conclusive, and leaves no doubt as to the 
location of another fine specimen of this ingenious 
man's skill. On i$th January 1900, the late Rev. H. L. 
Nelthropp, M.A., Past Master of the Worshipful Com- 
pany of Clockmakers, London, wrote to me that "a 
musical clock made by John Smith, Pittenweem, North 




ELABORATE MUSICAL CLOCK. 

Enlarged view of principal Dial, showing four subordinate dials controlling four 
separate movements, also tide and moon phases in arch at top. (See p. 361.") 



[To face page 360. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 361 

Britain, having painted dial showing days of the week, 
and month and moon phases, painted at the sides with 
a view of the Horse Guards, and revolving procession 
of figures and other mechanical movements, fifty-eight 
inches high, standing on a square-shaped pedestal, was 
sold at Messrs Christie, Manson, & Woods, 8 King 
Street, St James Square, London." This is the table 
clock mentioned on page 359, which John Smith valued 
at 900. 

In supplementing the foregoing information we are 
now enabled by the courtesy and kindness of its present 
owner, William B. Smith, Esq., 156 St Vincent Street, 
Glasgow, to present more fully additional particulars 
about this elaborate and unique musical clock. Standing, 
as it does, over four feet in height, it nowhere exhibits the 
least traces of being out of proportions. Every part has 
been carefully studied, and consequently its three dials, 
though differently treated, harmonise as a whole in a 
wonderful manner. These three dials, of course, show 
the particular movements they indicate, and the wonder is 
that, considering the limited space at the disposal of the 
ingenious craftsman, so much has been accomplished. 
In addition to the going part of the clock, it has musical 
barrels pricked for the large number of sixteen tunes. 
Then a procession which represents a number of figures 
portraying the then Royal Family fixed upon a revolving 
circle of brass, and also the moon and calendar parts, 
give a faint idea of the complexity of its construction. 
There is not the slightest doubt that John Smith brought 
all the powers of his life-long experience into its 
execution. The case, which is made of oak, is gilded, 
and that such a celebrated artist as Alexander Nasmyth 
is responsible for the various scenes and figures with 
which its dials are adorned, sufficiently accounts for the 
high value set upon it, when newly made. Although 
now over a century has passed since it was set agoing 
every part to-day is in complete working order, and it 
remains at the present time a marvel of patience and 
skill. 

Jt may be explained that it chimes the first, second, 



362 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

and third quarters, but at the fourth quarter or hour it 
plays one of the airs in the first list and then strikes 
the hour. The quarter chimes are not any of the con- 
ventional chimes, such as Westminster, Cambridge, or 
Whittingham chimes, but seem to have been specially 
composed for it as they vary as often as the airs do, that 
is, they have eight different changes for the quarters. 

The following is the list of airs marked on the Music 
Dials sixteen in all : 



Outer Circle. 

1. Roslin Castle. 

2. The Last Time I came 

o'er the Muir. 

3. My Nannie O. 

4. God Save the King. 

5. Prince of Wales' March. 

6. Duke of York's March. 

7. Katharine Ogie. 

8. Etterick Bank. 



Inner Circle. 

1. Free and Accepted 

Mason. 

2. Bellisle March. 

3. Yellow Hair'd Laddie. 

4. East Nook of Fife. 

5. 100 Psalm Tune. 

6. Nancy Dawson. 

7. Lang Awa, Welcome 

Home, my Dearie. 

8. Up and Warthema 

Willie. 



The airs named in the inner circle are at each hour 
instead of a chime before the hour is struck on the hour 
bell : each tune is played for three hours in succession, 
and then the barrel changes to the next one. The airs 
named in the outer circle are played every third hour, 
and form a march to the procession of the Royal Family 
on the opposite dial. After playing the march it changes 
on to the next air. On Sundays both airs and procession 
stopped. 

Particulars of quite a number of ordinary eight-day 
clocks have been received, all more or less worthy of the 
maker, but as these are in no way distinguished from 
others made by less celebrated men, we now only note 
where five of his more elaborate clocks are at present 
located, namely, Dalkeith Palace, Clackmannan, Dundee, 
Glasgow, and Burntisland. This last was brought to 
Edinburgh to be sold by auction jn Powell's Room, 




ELABORATE MUSICAL CLOCK. 

Enlarged view of Music Dial, showing decorative treatment, top and 
bottom of dial, with names of all the airs it performs. 

[ To face page 362. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 363 

George Street, on Saturday the I2th of March 1904. 
It was marked lot 244 in the catalogue, and described as 
" Fine old grandfather chiming clock, by John Smith, 
Pittenweem ; plays four old Scots tunes : * Maggie 
Lauder/ 'The Lea Rig,' 'The Wauken o' the Fauld,' 
and 'The Flowers of Edinburgh'; omits playing on 
Sunday see dial plate ' Rem'ber Sabbath/ in mahogany 
case." 

It passed into the possession of J. Johnstone Kirke, 
Esq., of Rosend, Guildford, Surrey, a son of the late 
owner, at the price of 90 guineas. The following 
particulars regarding its former history were kindly 
forwarded to us : " It was bought by Mr Kirke, my 
grandfather, on the 28th of July 1858, at the second of 
the three days' sale of the effects of Mr Thomas Shaw, 
Keeper of the Register of Sasines for the County of Fife. 
The price paid for it I do not know. The clock 
' Maggie Lauder ' has been in our family for nearly 
50 years, and, as can be seen above, will still remain in 
the family." The present owner was kind enough to 
forward three capital photographs of this clock along 
with the information "that it has suffered very little 
in transit and is going steadily." 

From 1809 up to his death on the nth April 1814 
we have been unable to unearth any further information 
about this ingenious man ; but it is highly probable that 
with the sum realised by the venture of the lottery and 
the profits of a good-going business he was enabled to 
spend the remainder of his days in that leisure which he 
richly deserved. 

A pilgrimage on our part to the quaint little town of 
Pittenweem for the purpose of gleaning any new facts 
about him brought to light the interest taken regarding 
his memory and work by the dwellers in Pittenweem. 
It appeared to us that his fame will long be preserved, 
owing to the appreciation of his talents by all classes in 
that old-world fishing town, and an interview with one 
of their oldest and most highly respected townsmen, a 
watchmaker of the ripe old age of eighty years, showed 
how deeply he felt being a native of the place that produced 



364 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

such a clockmaker as John Smith. Naturally he was 
interested in our inquiries, and the fact that his own 
grandfather had been an apprentice of Smith's drew out, 
among other traditions, that John Smith was credited as 
being able to do anything nothing was too difficult for 
him to turn his attention to. One incident he related 
as showing the versatility of his genius, was that one of 
the Bailies of Pittenweem had the misfortune to get 
a sixpence broken into two pieces. Unwilling to loose 
such a sum he took it to John Smith and inquired if he 
could mend it. This he was not long in doing, and the 
Bailie, greatly pleased, asked the charge for so small a 
job. The answer was sixpence, which was paid, but 
with a grudge. 

The site was pointed out where the old craftsman 
had his shop, it being nearly opposite the Water Wynd, 
a steep descent that leads down to the harbour. All 
traces of this workshop have passed away, a modern 
erection now taking its place. Along with this has also 
disappeared the old town clock, which was the work of 
his hands. It had done duty for nearly ninety years, 
and partly from old age and also having been constructed 
to go only forty-eight hours without fresh winding, was 
supplanted by a new one near the close of last century. 

Our wanderings included a visit to the old church- 
yard, which is situated under the shade of the tower in 
which this old public clock was placed, to see if there 
were any memorial stone marking his last resting-place. 
This " God's acre " does not cover a great extent, but it 
took some time to discover the stone which marks his 
burial ground. Owing to its modest appearance and 
from the illegibility of the lettering it could easily be 
missed, and we regret to say that unless some steps are 
taken to recut the inscriptions it will only be a matter of 
a few years until the whole will have disappeared. This 
monument consists of an oblong, upright stone standing 
about three feet above the ground and divided into 
three spaces, a centre panel and two pilasters. It bears 
on the centre space the following inscription: "John 
Smith erected this stone in memory of Helen Brown, 




ELABORATE MUSICAL CLOCK. 

View of Procession, Dial, and its Decorative Treatment. Figures of the then 
Royal Family, fifteen in number, are shown here, passing opening between the two 
lower niches. Note the heraldic quartering of the Royal Arms in arch, which 
show the inclusion of that of France. 

I To Jace page 364 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 365 

his beloved spouse" (rest undecipherable). On left 
pilaster, " Be ye not slothful, but followers of them " l 
(rest undecipherable). On right pilaster, " How happy 
the husband in such a sharer of my bed " (rest 
undecipherable). There is nothing left recording his 
own memory, if buried here, but as two-thirds of the 
stone is entirely wasted the preservation of what is 
left is due to the fact that these are the parts farthest 
from the ground. The probability is that his own name 
filled up the lower part and has now entirely vanished. 

What is noted here was only deciphered after a good 
deal of patience and trouble, but enough has been quoted 
to show that this stone undoubtedly marks the site of 
his last resting-place. The uncommon inscription on 
the right pilaster reveals the tender, loving husband. 
We were informed that during an alteration in the 
interior of the church, which is close to his tomb, an old 
timepiece, which was affixed to the front of the gallery 
was removed, and a brass plate was discovered bearing 
the following inscription : " Presented by John Smith in 
loving memory of my spouse." One Sabbath evening 
a visit was paid to Smith's grave just as the congre- 
gation in the church were singing the concluding hymn, 
"The sands of time are sinking." This well-known 
hymn created a great impression on our mind, for 
there, at our feet, lay one who had made good use of 
his time, and now waits " Till dawn of Heaven breaks." 

SMITH, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1647-60. 

" Son of James Smith (q.v.), knokmaker, Edinburgh, 
and brother of George Smith (q.v.) ; admitted freeman 
knokmaker on the same day as his brother and under 
the same conditions, but with the exception that the two 
* essay masters' were different, one being named Andro 
Bronne, the other James Pattone." 

The admission of these two brothers as members of 
this close incorporation does not seem to have been 

1 The following may be the full reading, which is noted on a tomb- 
stone at Anstruther and quite near to Pittenweem : " Be ye not slothful, 
but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the 
promises" (Heb. vi. 12). 



366 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

unanimous. The jealousy of kindred trades appear to 
have been aroused, as the following minute bears out : 

"Apud MAGDALEN CHAPEL. 

" 6th September 164.7. The qlk day Johne Sharpe, 
Brasier, in name of the rest of his airt, askit in termis 
that the above namit George & Robert Smith should 
not work ony copper or brass, but that allenerlie 
appertene to their essay. This was betwixt and 8 
hours in the morning in the place foresaid, in presence 
of the Deacon and others, etc." 

This protest did no harm, but the brazier craft 
wanted to make it clear that clockmakers were not 
to take in hand work outside of their own trade, a 
condition which was rigorously adhered to by that body. 

As Robert Smith's name only turns up in the records 
once again, namely, in connection with the dispute over 
his apprentice James Kirk (q.v.) in 1648, we conclude 
that the evidence of the treatment of the lad was so 
conclusive that it is just possible he would have some 
difficulty in getting new apprentices, consequently his 
name would be left out in their transactions. He 
married Elspeth Alexander on i/th August 1660. 

SMITH, ROBERT. High Street, North Berwick, 1835. 
SMITH, ROBERT. 17 Church Street, Inverness, 1840. 

See note on William Smith, Church Street, Inverness. 
SMITH, ROBERT. Irvine, 1820. 
SMITH, WALTER. Aberdeen, 1799. 
SMITH, WILLIAM. Church Street, Inverness, 1805-53. 

"Mr William Smith, who died in 1853, started 
business, it is believed, about the year 1805 in the shop 
which, 30 years ago, was known as No. 77 Church Street, 
and which stood on the site of the western entrance to 
Queensgate. He was succeeded by his son Robert 
Smith, by whom, over forty years ago, our esteemed 
townsman Mr Alexander Dallas was initiated into the 
mysteries of the profession. Mr Dallas occupied the 
same shop as apprentice and master till 1874, when he 
removed a few yards nearer the south end of, the street, 
next door to the Episcopal Church, and for twenty-seven 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 367 

years conducted a steady and prosperous business at 
No. 30. Now, with the completion of the south side of 
Queensgate, which also includes a portion of the block 
in Church Street, Mr Dallas is back to No. 44 and very 
close to the scene of his early labours, of which he has 
many happy reminiscences. The new shop is a decided 
improvement." Highland News , 29th June 1901. 

SMITH, WILLIAM. Foot of Leith Walk, Leith, 1825. 
SMITH, WILLIAM. Bridgegate, Irvine, 1821-50. 
SMITH, WILLIAM. Loanhead, 1836. 

SMITH, WILLIAM. Perth, 1772. 

Apprenticed to James Greig, 1772. 

SMITH, WILLIAM. Musselburgh, 1847-1903. 

" Description and drawing of a time-piece moved by 
a spring of Vulcanized Caoutchouc, read at a meeting 
of the Society of Arts held at Edinburgh, 3Oth April 
1849, by William Smith, Musselburgh, for which the 
Society's Silver Medal, value five sovereigns, was awarded. 
The author stated that he conceives the superiority of 
this spring to consist in its perfect invariability from the 
absence of friction, and the simplicity of its application, 
being in the form of a ring, one end of which is passed 
through a piece of steel with an eye, to which is attached 
a hook connecting it with the pulley, both ends being 
fixed at the bottom of the column by a steel pin passed 
over them." 

SMITH, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1815. 

Apprenticed to Robert Bryson, 4th November 1815. 

SMITH, WILLIAM. Fort William, 1837. 

SMITH, WILLIAM. Dundee, 1668. 

SMYTH, GEORGE. Glasgow, 1610. See page 161. 

SMYTHE, PHILEMON. Edinburgh, 1800. 

SOMERVILLE [SOMERVEIL], DAVID. St Ninians, 
1805-20. 

The following letter (no date) refers in a whimsical 
manner to the above clockmaker. It also affords a 
sidelight on the temperament of the writer, the late 
Hugh Scott Riddell, 1796-1870 (one of our minor 



368 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Scottish poets), who evidently was residing at Bridge of 
Allan at the time it was penned : 

" Confined by rain to the house. Tormented by a 
clock, the most solemn, precise, pedantic horologe that 
ever proclaimed the flight of time. It has just struck 
eleven, and in the same space of time might with 
moderate rapidity have struck thirty. How it will 
manage to get through its meridian task, I wot not. It 
is animated, I verily believe, by the ghost of a dominie. 

"There is a certain nasal twang of most insuffer- 
able conceit in every stroke. Twang (long pause) 
Twang Twang a most villainous highland tone, and 
yet, on inspection, I find the clock was made by D. 
Somerveil of St Ninians. (Sketch of the clock head 
comes in here.) It rains profusely, but tho' it should 
pour like the Forth, I will fly from this house when 
warning is given of St Ninians' noonday operations. I 
could not endure to hear the snivelling, drawling block- 
head twanging one dozen mortal blows on the empty 
skull of the patient bell. I wish I could commit to paper 
the image in my mind's eye of the old snuffy dominie 
with his scratch wig of penurious locks, and long-backed, 
broad-skirted blue coat, but I am not a Harvey or a 
Macduffor a Wilkie else I should exorcise that clock 
and make its professor the pedagogue stand forth in 
black and white. After 12 I shall have peace for 4 or 
5 hours, but then my trials will begin again anew. 

" How the evening is to be got thus I cannot tell. 
Hark is that the warning of Ringan let me fly." 

SOMERVILLE, ROBERT. Glasgow, 1798-1804. 
SPARK, WILLIAM. Marischal Street, Aberdeen, 1820. 
SPEED, GEORGE. Dundee, 1749. 

SPINK, . Elgin subsequent to 1820. 

SPENCE, HUGH. Gordon Street, Huntly, 1837. 
SPENCE, JOHN. South End, Stromness, Orkney, 1836. 
SPENCE, ROBERT. Dysart, Fife, 1780. 
SPENCE, THOMAS. Dysart, Fife, 1780. 
SPENS, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1808. 

Apprenticed to John Picken, 3Oth April 1808. 
SPITTAL, JAMES. Glasgow, 1793. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKM AKERS 369 

SPRUNT, DAVID. 41 George Street, Perth, 1848. 
STEEL, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1810. 

Apprenticed to Robert Green, 3rd November 1810. 
STEEL, PETER. Perth, 1792. 

Apprenticed to James Young, 1792. 
STEEL, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1784. 

Apprenticed to John Macpherson, 2Oth July 1784. 
STEEL, THOMAS. High Street, Kirkintilloch, 1837. 
STEEL, WILLIAM. Glasgow, 1 8 1 8. 

STEELE, ALEXANDER. 6 South St Andrew Street, 
Edinburgh, 1799. 

" A. Steele, late partner of the company of Scott & 
Steele, Clock and Watch Makers, Princes Street, Edin- 
burgh, begs leave to inform the public that he carries on 
the Clock and Watch Making trade in all its branches, 
for his own behoof, at his shop No. 6 St Andrew Street. 
A. Steele, from his long and constant employment in 
the repairing of watches of every description, both while 
he managed as partner and while he acted under the 
late Mr Scott as journeyman, has acquired such 
proficiency in the trade that he trusts he will give full 
satisfaction to those who shall be pleased to favour him 
with their employment." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
8th August 1799. 

STEELE, ALEXANDER. 13 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 
1800. 

STEELE, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1802. 

Apprenticed to Robert Hinmers, 2nd November 
1802. 

STEELL, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1795. 
STEINSONE, ROBERT. Glasgow, 1690. 
STEPHEN, JAMES. Old Meldrum, Aberdeenshire, 1837. 

STEVENSON, ADAM. Dunfermline, 1723-52. See notes 
on Dunfermline Town Clocks, page 128. 

STEVENSON, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1779-86. 

" Bound apprentice to James Cowan, 2nd April 
1779. The Incorporation directs him to finish his 

2 A 



370 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

indentures with Thomas Reid, I7th September 1785. 
Discharged of his indentures, 6th May 1786." 
E. H. Records. 

STEVENSON, DAVID. Kilmarnock ; died 1 3th January 

1786. 
STEVENSON, WILLIAM HART. Edinburgh, 1766-81. 

" Booked apprentice to Normond Macpherson, 3Oth 
May 1766. Discharged of his indentures 23rd 
September 1773. Petitioned that the Incorporation 
authorise the treasurer to repay him nine pounds 
sterling, which he had paid as the first half of his 
entry money, having now laid aside all thoughts of 
becoming a freeman upon a proper discharge." 
E. H. Records. 

STEWART, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1722. 

" Son to ye deceasit Mr James Stewart of Tugrey ; 
booked apprentice to Patrick Gordon, 3rd February 
1722." 

STEWART, ALEXANDER BAIKIE. Kirkwall, Orkney, 



STEWART, ALLAN & ROBERT. 162 Trongate, Glasgow, 



STEWART, CHARLES. Brown Street, Blairgowrie, 1836. 

STEWART, CHARLES. Edinburgh, 1766. 

Apprenticed to William Downie, nth July 1766. 

STEWART, FRANCIS. High Street, Brechin, 1837. 

STEWART, GEORGE. Perth, 1765. 

Apprenticed to William Young, 26th February 1765. 

STEWART, JAMES. Trongate, Glasgow, 1778-99. 

" Lost last week in Glasgow, a silver watch, maker's 
name E. Steel, Whitehaven, without any number, with 
a gold seal and Saracen's Head as crest. Whoever will 
return it to James Stewart, Trongate, Glasgow, shall be 
handsomely rewarded." Glasgow Courier^ i6th February 
I797- 
STEWART, JOHN. Auchterarder, 1837. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 371 

STEWART, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1772. 

Apprenticed to John Skirving, nth November 
1772. 
STEWART, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1771. 

Booked apprentice to William Downie, 9th April 



STEWART, JOHN. Dunbar, 1792. 

STEWART, ROBERT. Allan Street, Blairgowrie, 1836. 

STEWART, ROBERT. Trongate, Glasgow, 1841. 

STEWART, THOMAS. Auchterarder, 1798. 

STIEL or STEILL, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1741-55. 

"Lawful son to Archibald Stiel, late schoolmaster 
at Kilbirnie ; booked apprentice to John Brown, watch- 
maker, 2nd May 1741. Presented a bill for being 
admitted a watchmaker in right of his service, 5th 
November 1748. Compeared on 6th May 1749 and 
presented his essay, being a plain eight-day clock. 
His essay masters were George Aitken, Archibald 
Straiten, and William Nicoll. His essay was made in 
his own shop, John Brown, landlord." E. H. Records. 

"Lost between Bonnington Mills and the city a 
small sized silver watch with a green silk string, the 
maker's name Lemoyne, London, number forgot. Who- 
ever has found it or knows anything of it will be so 
good as to acquaint John Stiel, watchmaker in Edin- 
burgh, who will handsomely reward you." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 22nd March 1750. 

" Lost between Leith and Edinburgh a silver watch, 
maker's name Tobe Garrison, Ipswich. The watch 
had a silver seal with a red ribbon. Whoever has 
found the same by delivering it to John Stiel, watch- 
maker, opposite to the Cross, Edinburgh, shall be 
handsomely rewarded." Caledonian Mercury, loth 
October 1752. 

"Margaret Boswell or Steill, wife of John Steill, 
watchmaker, married 3rd June 1750, in Edinburgh, 
served Heir of Provision General to her father, Alex- 
ander Boswell, painter there, dated i6th July 1752. 
Recorded I4th November 1752." Services of Heirs. 



372 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

STILL, WILLIAM. 44 Gelleymill Street, Aberdeen, 1846. 

STIRLING, ROBERT. 9 Baker Street, Stirling, 1820-60. 

STIRLING Notices regarding the Common Clock of the 
Burgh of, from 1519 to 1548. 

i$th February 1519. Johne Bully, presented in 
presence of the provost and baillies an instrument of 
Sir Alexander Fressall hand (writing), the quilk 
proportit and bare in the selfe the donation and 
gift of the parocht (parish) clerkship and the keeping 
of the Knok for all the days of his lifetime as he 
allegit." 

I'jth January 1520. "Johne Bully protested that 
the provost, baillies nor council of this said burgh should 
not be displeased at him quhowbeit he called them 
and pursued them before another judge for the wrong- 
ful holding of his fee for keeping of the Knok as he 
allegit, nor that it should hurt him or his freedom 
by any ways. The saidis Provest, baillies, and council 
being present for the time required the said Johne 
Bully to show an attested document of the gift of 
the keeping of their Knok and what he should have 
therefore and he should be answerit." 

6th May 1521. "David Crag, treasurer of the said 
burgh for the time, required at the provost, baillies, 
council, and community being present for the 
time if they thought it expedient to sustain the pleas 
of their rights, touching the summons made upon them 
by Master William Hamiltoun, vicar of the said burgh, 
and Johne Bully, parish clerk, anent four acres of 
land of the burgh meadows of the common of the 
said burgh claimed by the said vicar to pertain to 
him and his successors, and anent a certain money 
claim by the said Johne to be uplane yearly of the 
common good for the keep of the Knok, as he 
allegit, which is depandand the law before the 
official of Loudean ; and the said provest, baillies, and 
council being advised all in a voice concluded that they 
would sustain the plea and defend the said actions, 
because they understood that these actions pursued 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 373 

by the said vicar and clerk was unjust and that they 
had no title to the said acres or money." 

gth August 1521. "Johne Bully of his own free- 
will, in presence of the said provost and baillies in the 
said fenced court, has renounced freely and given over 
the keeping of the Knok of the Reid Kirk, and never 
to claim any right to the same and the guid toun 
to dispose of the same as they think most expedient." 

8t/i January 1546. "David Forester of Garden, 
provost of the burgh of Striveling, with advice of the 
baillies and council thereof, has condusit and feit 
William Purves, Knokmakair, to renew and repair the 
auld Knok of the said burgh, making all manner 
of graith thereof new forged, that is necessary to 
be made new, and the remnant that is sufficient to be 
repaired as efferis so that the said knok be also 
substantial, also just, keeping also good course, also 
permanent in rule and course, as any knok of her 
quantitie within this realm does, and, in like manner, 
shall make and repair of new graith ane orlege and 
moon with all necessaries thereof, keeping just course 
from xij hours to xij hours, as well night as day, and 
just change of the moon yearly throughout as efferis 
with one board of eistland burde painted with 
gold and oil colours of v quarters broad and a 
half and vj quarters long, with all circumstances 
and reparations necessary, to be completed betwixt 
the date hereof and the feast of Whitsunday next to 
come, for the quilk the said provost shall content and 
pay to the said William the sum of xxxv lib. money 
of this realm, thereof x lib. at his first entering to 
his labours, and other x lib. at the perfection of the 
said Knok, set up at all point and repaired, and the 
remanent xv lib. at the completing of the hale wark 
in manner above expremit." 

2^th April 1548. " William Purves, Knokmakair, 
granted him to have received by the hands of Alexander 
Watson, one of the baillies of the burgh of Striveling 
the sum of ten pounds in hale and complete payment 
of all sums that he may ask or crave for his labours 



374 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

of knok and moon making and all other labours to this 
hour, and quit claims and discharges the town and all 
others whom it efferis for ever, and shall warrant his 
work sufficient conform to his contract before contained 
in this book." 

^rd December 1548. "The provost and baillies 
ordain xls. to be given to Wilyem Kerslaw for keeping 
of the Knok in the year of the common good." Records 
of the Burgh of Stirling. 

STODDART, GEORGE. Goosedub, Edinburgh, 1793; n 
Buccleuch Street, 1822. 

STODDART, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1750. 

" Bound apprentice to James Geddes, i ith May 1750. 
Impowered the Deacon to commune with the widow 
of James Geddes, watchmaker, and with her consent to 
transfer James Stoddart, his late apprentice, to Robert 
Clidsdale, watch and clock maker, for the space yet to 
run of the indentures." E. H. Records. 

STODDART, JOHN. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1761. 
Apprenticed to George Monro. 

STODDART, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1787. 

Bound apprentice to Alexander Dickie. 

STRACHAN, ANDREW. A Scotsman practising in London, 
1691. 

STRAUCHAN, THOMAS. Canongate, Edinburgh, about 
1701. 

STRAITON, ARCHIBALD. Edinburgh, 1726-59. 

"Son to Charles Straiton, residenter at Claret-Hall ; 
booked apprentice to Alexander Brownlee, clockmaker, 
I ith February 1726. 

" Presented his bill craving to be admitted a freeman 
watchmaker, which was received accordingly. He paid 
the treasurer five pounds sterling as the half of his upset 
and the Maiden Hospital dues 3 1st March 1739. Married 
Isobel Gifford, I9th December 1739. 

" Compeared on I3th September 1739 and presented 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 375 

his essay, viz., ane eight-day clock, which was found a 
well-wrought essay, etc., and therefore they admit him 
to be a freeman watchmaker among them. His essay 
masters were William Richardson, Patrick Gordon, and 
Andrew Dickie. His essay was made in Hugh Barclay's 
shop." E. H. Records. 

" There was found on Thursday last a piece of gold 
and a pair of steel buckles. Any person who can instruct 
the property may have them returned on paying the 
charges and satisfying the finder. Enquire for Archibald 
Straiton, watchmaker in Edinburgh." Caledonian 
Mercury -, i6th December 1745. 

See also note on Robert Foot. 

STRAITON, DAVID. Montrose, 1820-37. 

STRANG, JAMES. Glasgow, 1834. 

STUART, ALEXANDER. High Street, Kirkwall, 1836. 

STURROCK, WILLIAM. 12 St Andrew Square, Edin- 
burgh, 1855. See pages 25-26. 

STRANG, ROBERT. Alloa, 1842-89. 

" Robert Strang, Watch and Clock Maker, begs leave 
respectfully to inform the inhabitants of Alloa and its 
vicinity that he is about to open that shop in Mar Street, 
lately possessed by Mr Gibson, Bookseller, with a new 
and well selected stock of every article in the above line, 
when with extreme lowness of charges and the strictest 
attention to business he hopes to obtain a liberal share 
of public patronage." Alloa Monthly Advertiser, 5th 
November 1842. 

SUTHERLAND, DAVID. Leith, 1775. 
SUTHERLAND, DAVID. Keith, 1805. 
SUTHERLAND, GEORGE. Stonehaven, 1830. 
SUTHERLAND, GEORGE. Elgin; admitted freeman, 

1803-37. 
SUTHERLAND, GEORGE. Elgin. 

Son of the above; 1820. 

SUTHERLAND, JAMES. Shambles Wynd, Forres, 1837. 
SUTHERLAND, JOHN. 27 Marischal Street, Aberdeen, 

1836. 



376 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

SUTHERLAND, WILLIAM. Bank Street, Pulteney, Wick, 

1837- 
SUTOR, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1704-18. 

"At MAGDALEN CHAPEL, list November 1704. The 
whilk day, in presence of the haill incorporation, William 
Sutor, son to ye deceast George Sutor, gardener in 
Mountain-hall (probably Monkton Hall near Mussel- 
burgh), is booked apprentice to Richard Alcorn, clock- 
maker, who paid the boxmaster forty shillings of booking 
money, forty shillings to the Maiden Hospital, and one 
pound ten shillings for being five times absent, and other 
dues." 

24^/2 May 1712. " The which day, in presence of the 
incorporation, after William Sutor's bill for being a 
freeman clockmaker was read and received the said 
William Sutor publicly declared that out of kindness to 
the incorporation he would give 100 merks for the poor 
of the incorporation, and desires his wife's name might 
be set up in gold letters yairfor. To which the in- 
corporation ordained to be done and give the said 
William Sutor thanks for his kindness." 

" Compeared on I4th February 1713 and presented 
his essay, an eight-day pendulum clock and a lock to 
the door with a key, which was found a well wrought 
essay, etc. His essay masters were Richard Alcorn and 
Thomas Drysdale ; his essay was made in Thomas 
Gordon's shop. The boxmaster acknowledges that he 
had received from William Sutor the 100 merks which 
he promised to give to the poor of the Incorporation. 
Appoints his name to be put up in gold letters 1 in the 
way and manner he desires the same." E. H. Records. 

SWAN, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1789-1822. 

Watch-case maker ; bound apprentice to Andrew 
Milligan, 2nd April 1789. 

SYM, . Edinburgh, 1773. 

Bound apprentice to Samuel Brown, 4th March 1773. 

1 This memorial tablet remains to this day in the Magdalen Chapel, 
Cowgate, Edinburgh. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 377 

SYMINGTON, ANDREW. Kettle, Fife, 1834-45. 

A man of considerable ability, as the following scant 
notices show : 

" KETTLE. A curious piece of machinery to measure 
time has been invented by Mr Andrew Symington, 
watchmaker here. This time-piece is more simple in its 
construction than the common eight-day clock requires 
only to be winded up once in twelve months and being 
quite silent in its movements will be admirably adapted 
for bedrooms. In this timepiece the pendulum and 
scapement are done away with, and a simple but efficient 
substitute is applied to the crown wheel as a detent, 
which only allows it to revolve once in an hour, and has 
quite a uniform motion without producing the smallest 
vibration on the machinery. Another important part 
of the discovery is a particular material for the pivots to 
move in, which is quite free from any cohesive quality 
and requires no oil, therefore avoiding the irregular 
motion produced by the evaporation of the oil and other 
causes. These are some of the advantages of this 
ingenious piece of mechanism, but we are not at present 
permitted to give a more particular description of it 
as the inventor intends to secure it by patent. Mr 
Symington is about to construct one to be sent to 
London for the purpose of being exhibited there." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 2nd June 1834. 

"KETTLE. New Invention. Our ingenious towns- 
man, A. Symington, has constructed a machine to make 
reeds for the manufacture of cloth upon an entire new 
principle invented by himself. The machine is in 
operation at the house of James How, reedmaker here. 
The accuracy with which it does the work renders it far 
superior to any of the machines in use at present, and 
the simplicity of the mechanism will admit of a consider- 
able reduction in the price. Mr Symington intends to 
send a drawing and description to the Society of Arts 
that the trade in general may have the benefits of the 
invention." Fifeshire Advertiser, 1835. 

11 Drawing and description of a Pendulum Escapement 

by Mr Andrew Symington, watchmaker, Kettle, Fife." 

See Transactions of the Royal Scottish Society of Arts, 
vol. i., nth January 1837. 

Maker of new clock in Markinch Town Hall, 1840. 



378 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

11 HYDRAULIC CLOCK BY MESSRS SYMINGTON & 
TEMPLE. This important invention, being now 
registered, according to the Act of Parliament, we are 
at liberty to explain the principles on which the 
Hydraulic Clock is constructed. Attached to the axis 
of the crown wheel is a small bucket wheel on which the 
propelling power, a single drop of water in a second, 
acts. The action of a pendulum keeps the motion in 
perfect regularity and the other machinery is of the most 
simple description. It requires no winding up, and from 
its great durability in the absence of friction it will be 
attended with very little expense in keeping it in repair. 
It exhibits time with the most perfect accuracy, and from 
its elegant appearance it is beautifully adapted for 
gentlemen's houses and public buildings. 

" A clock fitted up in Falkland House, the residence 
of O. T. Bruce, Esquire, by the inventors, Messrs 
Symington and Temple, has kept time with the greatest 
possible precision for the last nine months, and so highly 
pleased has that gentleman been with it that he has 
now got another fitted up in the hall of that princely 
edifice." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 2Oth December 
1845. 

SYMSONE, JAMES. Dunfermline, 1773. See page 131. 

See Turnbull & Symsone. 
TAINSH, DAVID. Criefif, 1816. 
TAIT, ARCHIBALD. Edinburgh, 1821. 

Apprenticed to Robert Bryson, 6th November 1821. 
TAIT, CHARLES. Peebles, 1836. 
TAIT, DAVID. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1798. 
TAIT, WILLIAM. Main Street, Wigtown, 1820-37. 
TAYLOR, CHARLES. Kinross, 1836. 
TAYLOR, JAMES. Strichen, 1799-1846. 

"James Taylor, who died I2th November 1846, aged 
90, was watchmaker in Strichen nearly 47 years ; born 
in London but his ancestors belonged to the city of 
Perth, where they were Hammermen and burgesses 
time immemorial. Tradition says that Taylor's real 
name was Douglas and that he had to leave London 
during the political disturbances which took place there 
towards the beginning of the present century. A 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 379 

memorial stone was erected by his son Joseph Douglas, 
Strichen, who died in 1851, aged 57 years." JERVISE'S 
Epitaphs and Inscriptions. 

TAYLOR, JAMES. Mormond, 1847. 

"Charles Taylor, weaver, Kinross, served Heir of 
Conquest General to his uncle, James Taylor, watch- 
maker, Mormond, dated 28th July 1847. Recorded 6th 
Augt. 1847." Services of Heirs. 

TAYLOR, JAMES. Tillicoultry, 1837. 

TAYLOR, JAMES. East Street, Doune, 1837. 

TAYLOR, JOSEPH. Strichen, 1837. 

TAYLOR, JOSEPH. Perth, 1774-90. 

"Joseph Taylor, watchmaker in Perth, served Heir 
General to his grandfather Joseph Taylor, Hammerman 
there, dated 24 Deer. 1774." Services of Heirs. 

TAYLOR, THOMAS. Kinross, 1836. 

TAYLOR, WILLIAM. 96 High Street, Dumfries, 1817-23. 
His wife, Mrs Janet Paul, only surviving sister of the 
celebrated Paul Jones, died in 1817, aged 80 years. 

TELFER, ALEXANDER. Aberdeen ; died in Antigua, 1805. 
TELFER, ALEXANDER. Glasgow, 1770. 

" Alexander Telfer, watchmaker in Glasgow, served 
Heir General to his mother, Janet Morton or Telfer, 4 
Septr. 1770." Services of Heirs. 

TELFER, JOHN. Glasgow, 1752. 

" George Stirling, served Heir of Provision General 
to Margaret Telfer, daughter of John Telfer, watchmaker 
in Glasgow, dated 2nd June 1815. Recorded 2oth June 
1 8 15." Services of Heirs. 

TELFER, SAMUEL. Glasgow, 1720. 
TEMPLETON, DAVID. Maybole, 1850. 
TEMPLETON, JAMES. Gorbals, Glasgow, 1818. 
TEMPLETON, JOHN. 145 High Street, Ayr, 1836-50. 
TEMPLETON, M. Strand Street, Beith, 1850. 
TEMPLETON, ROBERT. 120 High Street, Ayr, 1850. 
TEMPLETON, THOMAS. Dalmellington, 1837-50. 



380 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

THEMAN, DAVID. Aberdeen, 1493. See note on Aber- 
deen Town Clocks. 

THIBOU, JACQUES. Edinburgh, 1695. 

Booked journeyman to Paul Roumieu, 7th April 
1695. 

THOMPSON, ANDREW. Back Street, Campbeltown, 1836. 
THOMSON, ALEXANDER. High Street, Kirkwall, 1836. 

THOMSON, ALEXANDER. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1736. 
Apprenticed to Thomas Hall, 1736. 

THOMSON, ALEXANDER. Keith, Banffshire, 1807. 
THOMSON, ANDREW. Brunswick Street, Glasgow, 1827-41. 
THOMSON, ARCHIBALD. Hastie's Close, Edinburgh, 

1794- 

THOMSON, ARCHIBALD. Edinburgh, 1800-36. 15 North 
Bridge and 64 Princes Street. 

THOMSON, DAVID. Perth, 1733-44. 

Apprenticed to John Thomson 1733; admitted freeman 
into the Incorporation of Hammermen, Perth, 1737. 

THOMSON, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1734. 
Apprenticed to James Nicoll, 1734. 
THOMSON, GEORGE. Argyll Street, Glasgow, 1833. 

THOMSON, GEORGE. Portland Street, Kilmarnock, 
1820-37. 

THOMSON, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1696. 

Son to John Thomson, fermorar in Ogilvie, in the 
parish of Blackford ; booked apprentice to Richard Mills, 
2nd May 1696. 

THOMSON, JAMES. Leslie, Fife, 1825, 

THOMSON, JOHN. Leslie, Fife, 1789. 

"John Thomson, watchmaker in Leslie ; served Heir 
General to his father James Thomson, smith in Kettle, 
dated 17 Augt. 1789. Recorded 16 Septr. 1789." 
Services of Heirs. 

THOMSON, JOHN. Broad Street, Stirling, 1836. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 381 

THOMSON, JOHN, sen., Leith, 1768. 

THOMSON, JOHN. Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, 1794- 
1814. 

THOMSON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1811. 

Apprenticed to James Clark, 1811. 

THOMSON, JOHN. Perth, 1706-37. 

"PERTH COUNCIL HOUSE, 30 Septr. 1706.- 
Whilk day the Deacon and haill brethren of the 
Hammermen calling of the said burgh being solemnly 
convened anent the trade affairs, it was reported to 
them by John Thomson, Clock and Watch Maker, that 
although ye calling had formerly entered him to the 
said airt gratis, in respect there was no other of that 
profession in ye place, yet to avoid all doubt that may 
hereafter arise betwixt any of the brethren and him by 
upcasting of his gratis freedom or other ways, he was 
content to give ye calling twenty-five pounds of compli- 
ment and desired to be booked accordingly. Of the 
vvhilk compliment ye calling accepted and ordained him 
in their presence to be booked freeman to the said Clock 
and Watch Maker airt, and haill liberties and priviledges 
thereto belonging. Declaring ye said John Thomson 
to be also free and brother in the said incorporation, 
and to have also good right yairin and to what belongs 
thereto as any of the other brethren whatsover had, 
have, or heirtofore may enjoy." Perth Hammermen 
Records (MSS.). 

THOMSON, PETER NEILUS. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1756. 
Apprenticed to George Monro. 

THOMSON, ROBERT. Glasgow, 1788-1801. 

" Lost on Friday night last, a silver watch with gold 
hands, a steel chain and small silver seal, maker's name 
John Milton, London, No. 7405. Any person having 
found the same, by returning it to Robert Thomson, 
watchmaker, High Street, Glasgow, shall be handsomely 
rewarded." Glasgow Courier ; 26th March 1799. 

THOMSON, ROBERT. Borrowstounness or Bo'ness, 1760-88. 
See also note on Linlithgow Town Clock. 



382 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

" Stolen out of the Nether Hillhouse in the parish of 
Torphichen and county of Linlithgow on the night 
between the eleventh and twelfth of April, a watch, 
maker's name Robert Thomson, Borrowstounness, No. 
674. Whoever can give an account of the said watch 
to the maker at Borrowstounness shall be handsomely 
rewarded." Caledonian Mercury ', I7th April 1762. 

" Elizabeth Davidson or Thomson, wife of Thos. 
Davidson, weaver, London, served Heir General to 
her father Robert Thomson, watchmaker, Bo'ness, dated 
22nd March 1788. Recorded 4 April 1788." Services 
of Heirs. 

THOMSON, WILLIAM. Perth, 1772. 
THOMSON, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1766-82. 

"Bound apprentice to Robert Clidsdale 13 June 
1766. Discharged of his indentures 18 June 1773. 
Compeared on 4th Novr. 1780, and presented his 
essay, being a watch movement, made and finished in 
his own shop, in presence of Robert Clidsdale, landlord, 
Samuel Brown and Thomas Sibbald, essay masters (the 
other absent), as they declared." E. H. Records. 

THOMSON, WILLIAM. Clerk Street, Edinburgh, 1849. 
THOMSON, WILLIAM. South Street, Dalkeith, 1840. 
THORKEIN, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1695. 

Booked journeyman to Paul Roumieu, 1695. 

TODD, DANIEL. Glasgow, 1848. 

" Daniel Todd, watchmaker in Glasgow ; served Heir 
General to his father, William Todd, watchmaker there, 
dated 8th Augt. 1848. Recorded iSth Augt. 1848."- 
Services of Heirs. 

TODD, JOHN. Trongate, Glasgow, 1823-37. 

TODD, JOHN. 5 St Andrew Street, Dumfries, 1837. 

TODD, WILLIAM. Glasgow, 1838-48. 

TORCHER, ALEXANDER. Greenlaw, Berwickshire, 1837. 

TORRY, ALEXANDER. Banchory Ternan, Aberdeenshire, 
1846. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 383 

TOSHACH, PATRICK. Perth, 1778-85. 

" Refused to enter into the Incorporation of Hammer- 
men's Society, Perth, 1778. Next year he agreed to 
pay, after decreet had been obtained against him, the 
sum of 16 Sterling with the other dues." Perth 
Hammermen Records (MSS.). 

" To CLOCK AND WATCH MAKERS. Upon Tuesday 
the 2nd of August next at one o'clock forenoon will be 
exposed for sale by public roup, within the shop of the 
late Patrick Toshach, watchmaker in Perth, a complete 
set of watchmaker's tools, including two cutting engines 
made on the best principles. At same time there will be 
exposed separately, as purchasers may incline, four 
musical clocks, with a very fine chamber organ all neatly 
finished ; a Regulator and some common clocks complete. 
The different articles will be shown any time betwixt and 
the day of sale by applying to Mr James Paton, writer, 
Perth." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 27th July 1785. 

A handsome musical clock made by him is now the 
property of Mrs Gillon, 13 Pilrig Street, Edinburgh, 
which may possibly be one of the four referred to above. 
Enclosed in a mahogany case of perfect proportions, the 
list of tunes it plays as marked on the dial are as 
follows : " College Hornpipe," " Flowers of Edinburgh," 
" Kist Yestreen," " Dainty Da vie," " Dusky Night," " Sham 
M'Garry,"" Soldier's Joy." Although the musical bells 
are out of order, in spite of this defect it is a splendid 
specimen of this craftsman's skill. 

TOUGH, REV. GEORGE. Ay ton, Berwickshire, 1837. 

" We have just seen an instrument in illustration of 
the principles of astronomy. This instrument consists 
essentially of but one wheel and pinion, illustrates with 
beautiful distinctiveness the annual revolution of the 
earth through the various signs of the ecliptic, the 
simultaneous revolution and phases of the moon, and, 
above all, for elegance and original simplicity the 
parallelism of the earth's axis and the consequent 
variety of the seasons. There is also adapted to the 
instrument a long ellipse having the sun in one of the 
foci as a representation of the orbit of a comet. The 
plane of the ellipse can be made to incline at any angle 
to the plane of the ecliptic, its longer axis to point in 



384 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

any direction, thus showing with the utmost clearness 
what really obtains in the heavens in reference to the 
orbits of these bodies." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 
2ist April 1837. 

TOWNSEND, ROBERT. Greenock, 1777. 

" Whereas on the night betwixt the 23rd and 24th 
the shop of Robert Townsend, watchmaker in Greenock, 
was broke into and the following articles stolen, viz., 
one plain Gold watch, jewelled, maker's name Robert 
Townsend, Greenock, No. 296 ; one small Gold watch 
with gilt hands and shagreen outer case, with the 
inside case and box in one, name Da Cheshe, London, 
No. 6442 ; one Silver watch, name Robert Townsend, 
number uncertain this last is a new one ; one do. 
do., new cap'd, name Daniell Marshall Wakefield, 
a high number but uncertain what it is ; one old silver 
watch with seconds in the centre, the verge pivot broke, 
name Robert Townsend, Greenock, No. 132; one old 
watch, shagreen case, gilt box, name Rt. Johnston, 
London, No. 7704 ; one old silver watch, name Howard, 
London, number uncertain, had a new outer case 
unlined ; one old silver watch, name Thomas Moore, 
London, No. 6571 ; three pair new silver watch cases of 
the best kind without pendants ; one old silver watch 
box and an old agate watch case ; two tortoise-shell 
watches with Gilt boxes, Nos. 9026 and no. 

" These are therefore offering a reward of Ten 
Guineas to any person or persons who will discover or 
apprehend the persons concerned in the said theft, to be 
paid by the said Robert Townsend, upon conviction of 
the offenders. And it is hereby requested that all 
watchmakers and others will stop any of the above 
articles that may come into their hands and send 
the said Robert Townsend timely notice thereof." 
Caledonian Mercury, 26th November 1777. 

TOWNSEND, WILLIAM. Greenock, 1791. 
TROTTER, ALEXANDER. Jedburgh, 1788-1815. 

TROTTER, ROBERT. Leith, 23 Couper Street, 1822; 
Kirkgate, 1836. 

TULLOH, JOHN. Shore Street, Nairn, 1836. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKEfcS 385 

TURNBULL, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1765-72. 

Apprenticed to Alexander Farquharson on 7th May 
1765. Discharged of his indentures by Turnbull & 
Aitchison, 25th July 1772. 

TURNBULL, JOHN. Hawick, 1827. 

" Anna Maria Brown or Turnbull, wife of C. Brown, 
Traveller, London ; served Heir Portion General to her 
uncle, John Turnbull, watchmaker, Hawick, dated 3rd 
Augt. 1827. Recorded 13 Augt. 1827." Services of 
Heirs. 

TURNBULL, JOHN. Dunfermline, 1780. 

"Lost in the town of Dunfermline, the I4th of May 
current, a gold watch with an old shagreen case, maker's 
name John Berry, London. Any person that has found 
said watch and will return her to Messrs Turnbull and 
Aitchison (q.v.), watchmakers, Edinburgh, or to John 
Turnbull, watchmaker, Dunfermline, shall receive a 
handsome reward. If offered for sale it is hoped she 
will be stopt and information given as above." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, 3 1st May 1780. 

See Turnbull & Symson, Dunfermline. 

TURNBULL, PETER. Glasgow, 1812. 

"Peter Turnbull, successor to the late William 
Hannington, begs leave to inform his friends that he 
has removed from Argyll Street to No. 90 East Side, 
Glassford Street. P. T. having been several years with 
Mr Hannington, he hopes from a strict attention to 
business to render satisfaction to his employers." 
Glasgow Chronicle ', 2Oth May 1812. 

TURNBULL, ROBERT. New Street, Greenock, 1790-1832. 

" Andrew Turnbull, merchant, Dunfermline, served 
Heir of Conquest General to his brother, Robert 
Turnbull, watchmaker, Greenock, dated ist Feby. 1833. 
Recorded 5th Feby. 1833." Services of Heirs. 

TURNBULL, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1758-82. 

"Son of David Turnbull, dyster, in Torryburn ; 
booked apprentice to Deacon John Dalgleish, 4th 
February 1758. Discharged of his indentures, 8th 
January 1766. Presented a bill craving an essay and 
essay masters to be appointed in order to his being 

2 B 



386 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

admitted a freeman, 7th May 1768. Compeared on 
1 2th November 1768 and presented his essay, being an 
horizontal watch movement, begun, made, and finished 
in his own shop in presence of John Murdoch, John 
Gibson, and William Richardson, and John Dalgleish, 
landlord." . H. Records. 

Entered into partnership with Robert Aitchison, who 
was. admitted a freeman the same day as himself. See 
Turnbull & Aitchison. 

" To be sold by public roup on Wednesday, the 3Oth 
Jany., betwixt the hours of five and six afternoon, the 
dwelling-house and foreshop being the first story of a 
tenement at the head of Bell's Wynd, as now possessed 
by Mr Turnbull, Watchmaker, per tack for 19 years 
from Whitsunday 1773 at 14, 145. per annum, upset 
147, 145. 8d." Caledonian Mercury -, I2th January 1782. 

TURNBULL, WILLIAM. Inverkeithing, 1795. 

TURNBULL & AITCHISON. Back of the City Guard, 
High Street, Edinburgh, 1768-77. 

" Within these eight days past, there was lost in the 
near neighbourhood of Edinburgh, a plain silver watch, 
maker's name Allan Fowlds, Kilmarnock, No. 3429, 
with a steel chain and silver cornelian seal, impression 
a rose. Any person who is possessed of said watch is 
requested to deliver the same to Messrs Turnbull and 
Aitchison, watchmakers in Edinburgh, and a handsome 
reward will be given therefor. If on this notice it is not 
returned and she is offered for sale, it is entreated that 
the watch and person may be detained and notice 
thereof given to the said Messrs Turnbull & Aitchison, 
who will, beside paying all charges, give a reward of five 
guineas upon the watch being secured and the person 
detained until examined by a judge." Caledonian 
Mercury, 3rd March 1777. 

TURNBULL & SYMSON. Dunfermline, 1776. 

" Turnbull & Symson, Watch and Clock Makers in 
Dunfermline. John Turnbull begs leave to inform his 
friends and the public that although it has been said 
that he had given up business, he still continues to carry 
on the business in his shop with more spirit than ever, 
and as he has entered into company with one who 
understands watch and clock making in all its branches, 




EIGHT-DAY CHIME CLOCK, 

In mahogany case, with moon's age and tide dial. By John Smith, 
Pittenvveem, 1770-1814. The property of Alexander Hay, Esq., 
Cluny Gardens, Edinburgh. (See p. 362.) 

[To face page 386. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 387 

he hopes for a continuance of the favours of his 
customers, as they may depend upon being punctually 
answered. 

" N.B. Letters and commissions addressed to 
Turnbull & Symson, watch and clock makers, Dunferm- 
line, will be duly attended to." Caledonian Mercury, 
I ;th July 1776. 

TURNER, JAMES. Luckenbooths, Edinburgh, 1811. 
URE, WILLIAM. Cumbernauld, 1836. 

URQUART, . Elgin, subsequent to 1820. 

URQUHART, JOHN. George Street, Perth, 1805-37. 

VEITCH, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1774-82. 

Apprenticed to Normond Macpherson 1st December 
1774. Discharged of his indentures i8th February 1782. 

VEITCH, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1778. 

Apprenticed to Normond Macpherson I5th July 
1778. 

VEITCH, WILLIAM. Haddington, 1758-81. 

The first clockmaker to be admitted as a freeman in 
the Incorporation of Hammermen of Haddington, 3Oth 
August 1758. 

" Lost on Tuesday last betwixt Edinburgh and 
Tranent, a silver watch with three seals, No. 241, 
maker's name William Veitch, Haddington. The sdals 
were as follows : One of them with a cairngorm stone 
with A and S engraved, sunk, and flourished ; the other 
with the figure of Hope leaning upon an anchor ; both 
same stone, only one of them gold and the other pinch- 
beck ; the third a gold one and a compound stone with 
a head. Whoever will return the same to the publisher 
of this paper or to Mr Veitch at Haddington will be 
handsomely rewarded." Edinburgh Evening Couranl, 
ist August 1781. 

Admitted a member of Lodge St David, Edinburgh, 
loth April 1754. 

WADDELL, JOHN. Gallowgate, Glasgow, 1826. 
WALDIE, WILLIAM. Dunse, 1831. 
WALKER, JAMES. Penicuik, 1836-50. 



388 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

WALKER, JAMES. High Street, Montrose, 1820-37. 

" James Walker, watchmaker, Montrose ; served Heir 
General to his sister Isabella, daughter of James Walker, 
there at Strathbrae, dated 9th Augt. 1827 ; recorded 
3rd Sept. 1827." Services of Heirs. 

WALKER, GEORGE. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1789-92. 

Married Christian Grahame, nth October 1792. 
WALKER, ROBERT. 14 London Street, Glasgow, 1836. 
WALLACE, ANDREW. Ayr, 1816. 
WALLACE, GEORGE. Prestonpans, 1646. 
WALLACE, JOHN. Leven, Fife, 1790-1835. 

Died 1 5th September 1835, aged 69 years. 
WALLACE, JOHN. Dambrae, Musselburgh, 1836. 
WALLACE, JOHN. Paisley, 1603. See page 289. 
WALLACE, ROBERT. Forfar, 1798. 
WALLACE, WILLIAM. Aberdeen, 1533. See page i. 
WANHAGAN, PATRICK. Aberdeen, 1651. See paged 

WARDLAW, JAMES. Perth, 1768. 

Granted liberty to exercise his trade in Perth by the 
Hammermen's Incorporation, 8th August 1768. 

WARREN, GEORGE W. London, 1880. See page 25. 
WATERS, WILLIAM C. Milnathort, 1834. 
WATSON, ALEXANDER. Glasgow, 1835. 
WATSON, DAVID. Dundee, 1748. 

WATSON, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1814. 

" Compeared 3ist Augt. 1814, and presented a peti- 
tion craving to be admitted a freeman in right of his 
wife Helen, lawful daughter of the late John Clelland, 
watchmaker, and member of this Incorporation. The 
prayer of which petition was granted and he paid 
six pounds sterling, being the first moiety of his entry 
money. Compeared I3th May 1815, and produced his 
essay, a watch movement, begun, made and finished in 
his own shop, in presence of William Drysdale, landlord, 
and James Clark and James Innes, essay masters, as 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 389 

they declared, and was accordingly admitted and paid 
six pounds stg., being the second moiety of his entry 
money." E. H. Records. 

WATSON, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1758. 

Son of James Watson, one of the town officers of 
Edinburgh ; bound apprentice to Samuel Brown, 29th 
December 1758. 

WATSON, JAMES. Aberdeen, 1840-50. 
WATSON, JOHN. Pier Head, Kirriemuir, 1837. 
WATSON, ROBERT. High Street, Alyth, 1836. 
WATSON & MARSHALL. High Street, Edinburgh, 
1810. 

" Have the honour to intimate that their stock of 
duplex, horizontal, and vertical watches in gold, silver 
and metal cases are extensive as any out of London, 
and from the experimental knowledge of one of the 
partners, many years a maker of watches in London, 
they are enabled with confidence to warrant their 
performance." Edinburgh Evening Courant^ 24th March 
1 8 10. 

WATT, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1787. 

gth May 1789. " James Watt, apprentice to Laurence 
Dalgleish, petitioned that in respect the consent of 
his master, Laurence Dalgleish, agreed that the said 
James Watt be allowed to serve the remainder of his 
time with any other master he can find, but on condition 
that he serve one year more than specified in his 
indenture, by reason of his having been absent from his 
late master about 12 months." E. H. Records. 

WATT, JOHN. High Street, Irvine, 1827-50. 

WATT, THOMAS & Co. 73 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 
1823. 

" Take the liberty of intimating to their friends and 
the public, that they have commenced in the above 
line on their own account, and from long experience 
and a strict attention to business, they hope to merit 
a share of the public favour so long and largely conferred 
on the company of Reid & Auld. 



390 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

" T. Watt, nephew to Mr Reid, and who has been in 
the employment of Messrs Reid & Auld upwards of 
twenty years, looks with some confidence for the support 
of those who favoured the late company with their 
patronage. T. W. & Co. make every kind of watches 
and clocks to order, also repairing any article in the 
line. Orders attended to with punctuality and despatch." 
Edinburgh Evening Courant^ 1823. 

WATT & M'ALPINE. 45 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 
1825-37. 

WATTERS, WILLIAM. 29 Church Street, Inverness, 1837. 
WAUGH, JOHN. Main Street, Wigton, 1820-41. 

"John Waugh, watchmaker, Wigton, served Heir 
General to his grandmother, Agnes Shank there, dated 
1 8th Augt. 1841. Recorded 26th Augt. 1841." Services 
of Heirs. 

WEATHERBURN, ROBERT. Tweedmouth, Berwick-on- 
Tweed, 1820. 

WEBSTER, JAMES. 107 West Port, Edinburgh, 1840-68. 
Son of below. 

WEBSTER, JOHN. 107 West Port, Edinburgh, 1826-69. 

Came from Peterhead, and entering the employment 
of James Whitelaw, Register Street, Edinburgh, rose 
to the position of foreman with him. He commenced 
for himself by acquiring the business carried on by 
Alexander Breakenrig at the above address about 1826, 
which he carried on till 1869. His grandson, John R. 
Webster, is in business in Dalkeith. It is interesting to 
note that in the watch made by Paul Roumieu referred 
to on page 321, this man's watch paper is to be found 
inside case as having repaired or cleaned it at some 
period now unknown. 

WEBSTER, THOMAS. Dundee, 1689. 

WEDDERBURN . Tweedmouth, 1823. 

WEIR, DAVID. Glasgow, 1690. 

WEIR, ROBERT. Lanark, 1798. 

WELSH, GEORGE. High Street, Dalkeith, 1820. 

WELSH, JOHN. George Street, Glasgow, 1825. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 391 

WELSH, ROBERT. Dalkeith, 1777. 

" Lost on Monday last, the 8th of Septr., between 
Cameron Bridge and the Pleasance of Edinburgh, 
a fashionable silver watch, maker's name Millington and 
Co., Salop, No. 603. Whoever shall bring the said 
watch to Robert Welsh, watchmaker in Dalkeith, or 
give such information to him as said watch may be 
recovered, shall be handsomely rev/arded. 

"N.B. It is entreated that watchmakers will stop 
her if presented for sale or repair, and give information 
as above." Caledonian Mercury p , i3th September 1777. 

WEST, JOHN. Riccarton, Linlithgow, 1850. 

John West was a millwright at Riccarton, three miles 
west of Linlithgow. He emigrated to Canada about 
1850, and moved to Oregon, U.S.A., about 1860. He 
settled on the Columbia River 40 miles from its mouth, 
started a sawmill, and named the place West Port. 
A clock bearing the above name is now located in 
Portland, Oregon (whether John West was the maker 
has not transpired). The above particulars were 
forwarded by Mr Alexander Muirhead, 728 Lovejoy 
Street, Portland, Oregon, U.S.A. 

WETHERSPON, ALEXANDER. Haddington, 1796-1803. 

WHELAR, SAMUEL. Glasgow, 1810. 

WHITE, ANDREW. High Street, Forres, 1837. 

WHITE, GEORGE. Trongate, Glasgow, 1824-49. 

WHITE, JAMES. Paisley, 1809. 

WHITE, ROBERT. High Street, Edinburgh, 1791-1804. 

Apprenticed to Laurence Dalgleish 29th July 1791. 
Discharged of his indentures i6th September 1798. 

WHITEHEAD, ROBERT. Edinburgh, 1770. 

Apprenticed to John Murdoch, I7th October 1770. 
WHITELAW, ALEXANDER. 75 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 

1824. 
WHITELAW, DAVID. 16 Princes Street, Edinburgh, 

I8I5-35. 

"Silver watch lost between North Bridge and 
Greenside, with a gold chain and pebble seal, mounted 



392 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

with gold and initials, maker's name J. Hall, Edinburgh, 
No. 26. Whoever has found the same and will return 
it to Mr Whitelaw, watchmaker, No. 16 Princes Street, 
shall receive one guinea of reward." Edinburgh Evening 
Courant, 6th November 1815. 

" At a meeting of the Society of Arts for Scotland 
held on i/th June 1829, Prize awarded to Mr David 
Whitelaw, watchmaker, Princes Street, Edinburgh, of 
the Society's Silver Medal, value 5, 55., for his 
description and drawings of a clock pendulum without 
the crutch, and in which the pendulum receives the 
impulse directly from the swing wheel. This communi- 
cation, although only read in the beginning of the 
current year, was notified to the Society in 1828 and 
is so intimately connected with the one by Mr Alexander 
Doig, Musselburgh, that in justice to neither of these 
individuals can they be separated, and the committee 
recommend to the Society the donation of a prize to 
each without entering into any inquiry as to the priority 
of invention." 

Paper read at a meeting of the Society of Arts for 
Scotland 5th June 1830. ''Description of a pendulum 
chronometer in which the arbors of the wheels move on 
friction rollers, and the pinion leaves are made so as to 
revolve by the impulse of the wheel teeth, which are of 
a peculiar form made by Mr David Whitelaw, watch 
and clock maker, No. 16 Princes Street, Edinburgh, for 
the late Andrew Waddell, Esq., Hermitage Hill, Leith." 

Paper read by John Robinson, Esq., Secretary of the 
Royal Society, Edinburgh, 7th February 1831, regarding 
a time-keeper in the hall of the Royal Society of 
Edinburgh. 1 " The principal circumstances in which this 
time-keeper differs from the usual construction are 
these : 

" 1st. In having an escapement which requires no oil. 

"2nd. In having the pendulum and ball formed of a 
material not hitherto used for this purpose. 

"3rd. In having the mechanism entirely secured 
against the effects of dust, and in a great degree against 
those of hygrometric changes in the atmosphere. 

1 If this is the same clock which is at present in the hall, George 
Street, the following is the inscription on dial : " Presented to the 
Royal Scottish Society of Arts by Reid & Auld, late Clock and Watch 
Makers, Edin., by whom a bequest has been made to the Society for 
the benefit of the journeymen clock and watch makers, 1846. Reid 
& Auld, 1791, Edin." 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 393 

" The escapement is the invention of Mr Whitelaw, 
a very ingenious artist in this city, who has been 
employed to make the clock. The next peculiarity in 
this clock is the material of which the pendulum rod and 
ball have been made. Marble has been adopted for this 
purpose in consequence of a suggestion made to me by 
Dr Brewster. Case was made air-tight, excepting in 
one place where a short tube is fixed in an opening from 
which projects externally about two inches, on which 
a half-distended air-bag is made fast." 

David Whitelaw died at 6 So. St Andrew Street, 
Edinburgh, gth April 1846, aged 70 years. 

WHITELAW, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1820-46; 15 Register 
Street, 1820-28; West Register Street, 1846; died at 
6 So. St Andrew Street, Qth April 1846, aged 70. 

WHITELAW & FLETCHER. 75 Princes Street, Edin- 
burgh, 1824. 

"Whitelaw and Fletcher, watch and clock makers, 
long in the employment of Mr Bryson, beg leave to 
intimate that they have commenced business at 75 
Princes Street, opposite to the Mound. From the long 
experience they have had in all the branches of their 
business they beg to assure those who may honour them 
with their employment that no pains will be spared to 
give satisfaction. Both the partners have been much in 
the practice of repairing musical clocks, watches, and 
boxes, and their friends may rely that any entrusted to 
their care will be attended to in the best manner. "- 
Edinburgh Evening Courant, loth June 1824. 

WHYTE, DUNCAN. George Street, Oban, 1837. 

WHYTOCK, PETER. Overgate, Dundee, 1844. 

WIGHT, ANDREW. Ayr, 1848. 

WIGHTMAN, ALEXANDER. Moffat, 1837. 

WILD, F. J. Murraygate, Dundee, 1844. 

WILKIE, JOHN. Cupar-Fife, 1830-54. 
Son of below. 

WILKIE, ROBERT. Cupar-Fife, 1792-1830. 

"Stolen in Cupar Market on the i8th April 1792, a 
silver watch, marked No. 8698, maker's name P. Parker, 
London. Whoever will deliver the above watch to 



394 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

Robert Wilkie, watchmaker, Cupar-Fife, will be suitably 
rewarded, and it is expected that watchmakers and 
others will stop the same if offered for sale." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 26th April 1792. 

WILKIE, ROBERT. Leven, Fife, 1825-75. 

Born 25th February 1805 ; died 24th March 1875. 

WILKINSON, JOSEPH. Carlisle and Annan, 1843. 

WILL, ALEXANDER. Huntly, 1822. 

" Catherine Will in Hexham served Heir Portioner 
of Conquest General to her uncle, Alexander Will, Clock- 
maker, Huntly, dated I2th Octr. 1822. Recorded i8th 
Octr. 1822." Services of Heirs. 

WILLIAMS, PETER. Dunfermline.. 1760-8. 

The following is copied from the tombstone marking 
his last resting-place in the churchyard of Dunfermline 
Abbey. 

" Here lies the corpse of Peter Williams, Watch and 
Clock Maker in Dunfermline, who died Februarie 1768, 
aged 23 years, and Christian Williams, wife of James 
Murrie, who died 28th of February 1800. 

" In memory of two most affectionate and dutiful 
parents, Thomas Williams, who departed this life 22nd 
January 1784, in 6Qth year of his age, and Elish. 
Haig, his wife, who departed this life loth July 1785, in 
68th year of hir age. 

" Of worldly cares we had our share 
When in this world as you now are 
But now our Bodies rest in dust 
Waiting the rising of the just." 

WILLIAMSON, GEORGE, n Kirkgate, Leith, 1819. 
WILLIAMSON, JAMES. Dundee, 1824. 

WILLIAMSON, JOHN. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1750. 
Apprenticed to Thomas Hall, 1750. 

WILLIAMSON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1778-1825. 

Apprenticed to Turnbull & Aitchison, 28th May 
1778. In business, Blackfriars Wynd, 1800; 279 
Cowgate, 1825. 

WILLIAMSON, ROBERT. Falkirk, 1825-37. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 395 

WILLIAMSON, WILLIAM. Banff, 1626. See p. 37. 
WILLOX, ALEXANDER. Aberdeen, 1632. See p. 5. 
WILSON, DAVID. Whang Street, Beith, 1837-50. 
WILSON, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1760. 

Apprenticed to Robert Cliedsdale, I2th April 1760. 
WILSON, HUGH. Edinburgh, 1772-80. 

Apprenticed to Laurence Dalgleish, 2nd June 1772. 
Discharged of his indentures 6th May 1780. 

WILSON, JAMES. Ettrick. Born 1748; died 1821. 

WILSON, JAMES. Kelso, 1809. 

Died on the nth November 1809 at his lodgings in 
Goodge Street, Tottenham Court Road, Mr James 
Wilson, watchmaker, late of Lombard Street, London. 

"This lamented gentleman was a native of Kelso 
and when living was honoured by the intimacy of many 
of the learned and wise of all nations who might reside 
in the Empire. His force of intellect was far superior to 
the station in which fortune had placed him, as when 
encircled with the beaux esprits of the age he suffered no 
diminution in the character of his mind by comparative 
brilliancy, but issued his attic flashes with equal point 
and poignancy. Wherever he associated good sense 
stood at his right hand and good manners at his left, 
and he was in his own liberal department a luminous 
illustration of what a gentleman should be, intelligent 
without pedantry, graceful without affectation, affectionate 
to the objects of his friendship, but kind to every being 
who came within the circle of his action. He loved all 
mankind as his natural brethren but he loved Great 
Britain better than any other, yet the influence of the 
natale solum could never make him unjust or ungenerous. 
This brief and frail testimony comes from no venal pen ; 
it is the spontaneous tribute of an honest heart towards 
departed worthiness. It is not a purchased eulogy which 
declares on the lying monument everything but what is 
true, but the sorrowing result of meditation over the 
ashes of a rare and good man, who when living made 
society happier by his discourse and more refined by his 
example." Edinburgh Evening Courant, 3Oth November 
1809. 

WILSON, JAMES. Loop, Turriff, about 1800. 



396 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

WILSON, JOHN. George Street, Oban, 1837. 
WILSON, JOHN. Edinburgh, 1708-14. 

Apprenticed to Richard Mills, 5th July 1708. 

22nd March 1711. "The which day in presence of 
the incorporation, there being a petition given in by 
John Wilson, late apprentice to the deceast Richard 
Mills, clockmaker, publickly read, craving that he may 
serve the time of his indentures yet to run with any 
of the freeman clockmakers, or to take liberty to work 
where he finds it convenient until the time of his 
indentures be expired, that he may get a discharge 
from the incorporation in order to get his freedom. 
The meeting unanimously do remit the petitioner to 
endeavour to settle with any of the freemen clockmakers 
betwixt and the next quarter day to teach him his trade, 
and declares that if none of them accept of and have 
work for him, that they allow him to work where he 
finds it without the privileges of the town until his 
indentures be expired. And then the house will grant 
him a discharge of his indentures that he may get his 
freedom thereby in due time." 

5/// August 1714. "The house grants warrand to 
the present Deacon and Boxmaster to discharge John 
Wilson, late apprentice to John Mellns, clockmaker, in 
respect the time continued 'yairin' is expired in regard 
the Incorporation by their act dated first day of May 
1713 did allow him to work where he pleased until the 
time of his indentures were done, and there they 
declared they would grant him a discharge that he 
might get his freedom yairby." E. H. Records. 

WILSON, P. Keith, 1846. 

WILSON, T. H. ii Leith Street, Edinburgh, 1850. 

WILSON, THOMAS. High Street, Stewarton, 1837. 

WILSON, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1742. 

Son to Mr John Wilson, schoolmaster at Fourdoun ; 
booked apprentice to Patrick Gordon 7th August 1742. 

WILSON, WILLIAM. Loup, Auchterless, about 1830. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS *397 

WINTER, ROBERT. 12 North Bridge Street, Edinburgh, 

1837- 
WISEMAN, JAMES. Hamilton, 1849. 

WITHERSPOON, ALEXANDER. Edinburgh, 1831-34. 

"Prepare for dark Winter ere it comes upon you. 
Alexander Witherspoon, Watchmaker, 3 Greenside 
Place, Edinburgh, takes the liberty thus to draw the 
notice of the public to those points in which he considers 
himself able to render them a service. Happy is it for 
the individual and the public when their interest is in 
such harmony, that the more the individual pursues his 
own he equally promotes the public advantage. A. W. 
flatters himself he is so placed in the service he 
offers. He announces among a variety of inventions 
in Chronometry that of converting any watch having 
a brass edge into a substitute for a repeating watch 
by which the hour will be most readily known through- 
out the dark nights of winter. Repeaters would be 
generally used were it not for the great expense of 
keeping them in repair; they are a luxury. To give 
a well appropriate substitute for such a desirable thing 
at little original and no current expense must be hailed 
by many as a good contribution to the comforts of 
society. Good old family watches will answer well for 
such conversion. This is not selected as the greatest of 
the inventions noticed, and to which the attention of the 
public will in turn be claimed, but for being of such 
evident usefulness that orders may be given instanter. 
Specimens of watches so rendered and of the other 
inventions will at any time be seen at the shop. 
Watches forwarded from the country either for repair or 
for being so rendered will be most pointedly attended 
to. Clocks and watches repaired with every attention 
to their improvement. He particularly invites to send 
him their most faulty ones accompanied with a state- 
ment of what they complain. 

" A. W. having just commenced business here will be 
glad to serve his friends and the public with new clocks 



398 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

and watches on very moderate terms." Edinburgh 
Evening Courant, 2Oth August 1831. 

" Mr C. B. Tait begs to inform that on Friday, May 
9th, he will sell by auction in his great room, No. 11 
Hanover Street, the stock of Mr Witherspoon, watch- 
maker, Greenside Place, leaving this country for 
America, consisting of timepieces of a novel and 
extraordinary construction recently exhibited in the 
Caledonian Bazaar. Several of the timepieces have the 
new detached pendulum escapement, for which Mr 
Witherspoon was awarded the highest prize by the 
Society of Arts for Scotland, and others having escape- 
ments equally novel and ingenious." The Scotsman, 
28th April 1834. 

WITHERSPOON, ALEXANDER. Tranent, 1841. 

In the Transactions of the Royal Scottish Society of 
Arts for the year 1841, vol. i., page 95, is given a de- 
scription of a new detached pendulum escapement 
invented by Alexander Witherspoon, watchmaker, 
Tranent. As the account given in the above volume 
runs into a paper of six octavo pages, readers interested 
are invited to a perusal of the account given for fuller 
details, but it seems certain that this is the same 
individual who was in Edinburgh, and who may or 
may not have been in America as the notice of the sale 
of his stock hints at. 

WOOD, ALEXANDER. Stirling, 1834. 

WOOD, ALEXANDER. 22 Argyle Street, Glasgow, 1836. 

WOTHERSPOON, JOHN. Glasgow, 1830. 

WRIGHT, WALTER. Ecclefechan, 1837. 

WRIGHT, WILLIAM. High Street, Dunbar, 1820-37. 

WYLIE, DAVID. Laigh Street, Greenock, 1783. 

WYLIE, GEORGE. Dumfries, 1796. 

WYLIE, WILLIAM. Edinburgh, 1756. 

Son of John Wylie, teacher of English in Edinburgh ; 

booked apprentice to Robert Clidsdale, 7th February 

1756. 



OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 399 

WYLIE, WILLIAM. Stromness, Orkney, 1836. 

WYLLIE, ALEXANDER. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1721. 

Apprenticed to George Scott. 
WYLLIE, ALFRED. Dumfries, 1753. 

"Janet Bishop or Wyllie, wife of Alfred Wyllie, 
watchmaker, Dumfries, served Heir Portioner General 
to her God Father David Bishop, dated 7th July 1753." 
Services of Heirs. 

YEAMAN, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1791. 

Apprenticed to George Skelton, I4th May 1791. 
YEAMAN, JOHN. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1734-49. 
YOUL, GEORGE. Edinburgh, 1773. 

" Apprenticed to John Skirving, I4th December 1773. 
The incorporation with the approbation of John Skirving, 
the master, gave their consent that George Youl should 
serve the reminder of his time with Robert Clidsdale, 
30th Octr. 1779." . H. Records. 

YOUNG, ARCHIBALD. Murraygate, Dundee, 1828. 

YOUNG, CHARLES. Perth, 1795. 

YOUNG, JAMES. Canongate, Edinburgh, 1757. 

Apprenticed to George Monro, 23rd March 1757. 
YOUNG, JAMES. Edinburgh, 1752. 

Son to William Young, indweller in the " Abbay " of 
Holyrood House; booked apprentice to Archibald 
Straiten 9th September 1752. 

YOUNG, JAMES. Wellgate, Dundee, 1828. 
YOUNG, JAMES. Perth, 1764-92. 

Admitted freeman of the Incorporation of Hammer- 
men, Perth, 1764. Elected boxmaster 1765. 

"Lost or carried off on the 3Oth November 1769, a 
silver watch, name J. Greenwood, London, No. 10043, 
with a whitned cock. Whoever can stop the said watch 
let them acquaint James Young, watchmaker in Perth, 
who will reward them for their trouble." Edinburgh 
Advertiser, I2th December 1769. 

YOUNG, JOHN. Factory Street, Pollokshaws, Glasgow, 
1836. 



400 OLD SCOTTISH CLOCKMAKERS 

YOUNG, JOHN G. Murraygate, Dundee, 1850. 
YOUNG, MALCOLM. Edinburgh, 1772. 

Apprenticed to Laurence Dalgleish, 28th February 

1772. 

YOUNG, MALCOLM. Perth, 1781. 

YOUNG, PATRICK. Forfar ; died 1 8th January 1811. 

YOUNG, SAMUEL. Perth, 1781. 

YOUNG, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1713. 

Son to John Young, brewer, burgess of Edinburgh ; 
booked apprentice to William Sutor, 5th May 1713. 

YOUNG, THOMAS. Perth, 1789. Murray Street up to 
1848. 

Apprenticed to Alexander Macfarlane. 

YOUNG, THOMAS. Edinburgh, 1823-50, 22 Carnegie 
Street and 4 East Adam Street. 

YOUNG, THOMAS. Wellgate, Dundee, 1850. 

YOUNG, THOMAS. Watch glass maker, 5 North Bridge 
Street, Edinburgh. 1837. 

YOUNG, WILLIAM. Auchtergaven, Perthshire, 1836. 
YOUNG, WILLIAM. Perth, 1763. 

Admitted freeman of the Incorporation of Hammer- 
men, Perth, 28th November 1763. Elected Deacon 1765. 

YOUNG, WILLIAM. High Street, Dundee, 1805-43. 
YOUNG, WILLIAM. Stirling, 1824. 

" SALE OF WATCHES, WATCH TOOLS, ETC. There 
will be sold by public roup on Wednesday first, the I ith 
day of July curt., within the sale-room of Mr Birch, 
auctioneer, Stirling, the stock-in-trade of the deceased 
Mr William Young, watchmaker in Stirling, consisting 
of a few watches, an assortment of watch-chains and 
seals, watch-glasses and hands, clock dials, watch tools, 
etc., all for ready money." Stirling Journal, 8th July 
1824. 

YUIL, THOMAS. Queen Street, Castle Douglas, 1836. 
YUILL, ROBERT. Gorbals, Glasgow, 1840-49. 
YULE, JAMES. King Street, Castle Douglas, 1836. 



APPENDIX 



List of Names of Clock and Watch Makers in various 
English, Irish, and Isle of Man towns, all in business 
at the dates given. 

OLD ENGLISH CLOCKMAKERS 



ALNWICK Blaylock, John, 53 Scotch Street 

Collingwood, Matthew, Bondgate (1836) 
Street (1820) 



Carruthers, James, 17 Scotch 



Gibson, John (1820) 



Street (1836) 



Tate, Thomas, Fenkle Street (i 820) M'Duff, James, Irish Gate Brow 

(1836) 
Ivison, Thomas, 3 Green Market 

(1836) 
Rennie, James, 15 Scotch Street 

(1836) 
Robinson, Enoch, 58 English 

Street (1836) 
Routledge, Adam, 32 English 

Street (1836) 
Wheatley, Thomas, 31 English 

Street (1836) 

BLANFORD, DORSETSHIRE 



Odgen, J. (1720) 

BELLINGHAM (1785) 

Graham, William 
Graham, Thomas 

BRENTFORD (1712) 
Atfield, James 

CARLISLE 
Baird, George Street (1820) 



COCKERMOUTH (1820) 

Graham, George 
Mitchell, Barwise 



Blaylock, J. W., Rickergate Ward, Henry (1808) 

(1820) 
Gardner, John, Annetwell Street 

(1820) 
Ivison, John, St Alban's Row 

(1820) 
Moss, George, English Street Simpson, Mary 

(1820) 
Rennie, James, Scotch Street 

(1820) 
Routledge, Adam, English Street 

(1820) 
Monkhouse, John (1790) 

401 



COVENTRY, WARWICKSHIRE 
Smith, Samuel (1812) 

DARLINGTON (1820) 
Monkhouse, John, High Row 
2 C 



402 



APPENDIX 



DURHAM (1820) 

Bolton, John, New Elvet 
Charlton, John, Elvet Bridge 
Denham, Charles, Clay Path 
Hodgson, Thomas, Silver Street 
Loughborougb, John, Cross Gate 
Oswald, Robert, Market Place 
Raine, Joseph, Silver Street 

HANLEY, STAFFORDSHIRE 
Massey, Edward (1804) 

HEXHAM 

Morpeth, Thomas (1725) 
Richardson, J. (1710) 
Weatherall, Thomas (1796) 

KENDAL (1820) 

Burton, Einanuel, Finkle Street 
Muncaster, John, Stricklandgate 
Parkinson, Nathaniel, Finkle 

Street 
Pennington, Christopher, Market 

Place 

Scales, William, Stramongate 
Squire, James, Stricklandgate 
Wilkieson, John (1771) 

MARYPORT (1820) 

Creig, Joseph, Senhouse Street 
Thompson, John, Senhouse Street 

MORPETH 

Bowman, Daniel, Newgate Street 

(1820) 
Clark, Michael, Newgate Street 

(1820) 

Hardie, John, Capper-Chare (1820) 
Rawson, John, Newgate Street 

(1820) 
Liddle, John (1780) 

NESSFIELD, YORKSHIRE (1805) 
Prior, John 



NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE 

Craig, John, Pilgrim Street (1820) 
Fallow & Kromer, 34 Mosley 

Street (1820) 
Fletcher, Thomas, Ballast Hill 

(1820) 
Frames, George, New Street, 

Gateshead (1820) 
Greaves, Thomas, Quay Side 

(1820) 
Laidlow, Thomas, High Bridge 

(1820) 
Lamb, Thomas, High Friar Street 

(1820) 
Lister, William, 33 Mosley Street 

(1820) 

Loraine, James, Side (1820) 
Marshall, John, High Bridge 

(1820) 
Sessford, Joseph, Groat Market 

(1820) 
Smith, John, Head of the Side 

(1820) 

Smith, Thomas, Quayside (1820) 
Stuart, George, 13 Groat Market 

(1820) 
Tinkler, Strachan, Sandgate 

(1820) 

Trotter, Joseph, Broad Chare( 1 820) 
Watson, Michael, Old Butcher 

Market (1820) 
Tickle, William (1740) 
Travis, T. (1710) 
Barr, Fedel, 21 Groat Market 

(1836) 
Broadbelt, George, 27 Church 

Street (1836) 
Donald, James, 34 Mosley Street 

(1836) 
Fallow, Jos., 4 Northumberland 

Street (1836) 
Fallow, Martin, 73 Pilgrim Street 

(1836) 
Forster, John, 20 High Bridge 

(1836) 

Frame, George, Church Street, 
Gateshead (1836) 



APPENDIX 



403 



Kirton, William, 14 Colingwood 

Street (1836) 
Lewis, George Samuel, 6 Mosley 

Street (1836) 
Lister, William, 16 Mosley Street 

(1836) 

Long, Theodore, 3 Bridge, Gates- 
head (1836) 
Loraine, James, Felling Shore 

(1836) 
Maughan, Joseph Heppell, Bottle 

Bank, Gateshead (1836) 
Reid & Sons, 12 Dean Street 

(1836) 
Rennison, William, St Ann's 

Street (1836) 
Robeson, William, 52 Quayside 

(1836) 
Robson, James, Fenkle Street 

(1836) 
Sessford, Joseph, 10 Groat Market 

(1836) 

Sharp, John, Byker Hill (1836) 
Smith, Edward, Pilgrim Street 

(1836) 
Smith, John, 44 Head of the Side 

(1836) 
Stuart, George, 82 Westgate Street 

(1836) 
Tinkler, Nicholas, St Ann's Street 

(1836) 
Trotter, Joseph, 16 Broad Chare 

(1836) 
Tweedy, William, 67 Head of the 

Side (1836) 
Watson, Robert, Cloth Market 

(1836) 

Watson, Thomas, 106 Side (1836) 
Whitnall, James, 28 Close (1836) 
Wilier, Henry, Castle Garth (1836) 
Young, Mark, 13 Bigg Market 
(1836) 

NORTH SHIELDS (1820) 
Blackwood, William, Union Street 
Brown, William, Low Street 
Coulson, \Villiam, Low Street 



Gibson, George, Union Street 
Howgarth, John, Stevenson Street 
Robson, William, Low Street 

PENRITH (1820) 
Peacock, John, Little Docray 
Posthouse, William, Docray 
Rawson, John, Market Place 
Roper, Martin, Little Docray 
Wilkinson, Joseph, Castlegate 

SOUTH SHIELDS (1820) 

Burton, William, Fairies Street 
Fenwick, John, Long Row 
Gallon, William, East Holborn 
Stockton, George, Long Row 

SUNDERLAND (1820) 

Airey, Smith, High Street 
Arlot, William, Bodlewell-la 
Atkin, John, High Street 
Cockburn, William, High Street 
Dodds, Moses, Mark Quay 
Grawland, Clement, High Street 
Hills, Ralph, High Street 
Nesbitt, George, High Street 
Parton, William, Mark Quay 
Taylor, G. R., High Street 

WHITEHAVEN (1820) 

Crabb, James, 44 Strand Street 
Dawes, John, 8 Roper Street 
Jackson, William, 50 King Street 
Muncaster, William, n Hamilton 

Lane 

Pearson, John, 20 Church Street 
Thompson, Joseph, 8 Duke Street 

WlGTON (1820) 

Howe, John, High Street 
Musgrave, Richard, Coupland 

Square 

Simpson, John, Allonby Road 
Telford, John, High Street 



404: 



APPENDIX 



WORKINGTON (1820) 

Simpson, Daniel, Finkle Street 
Walker, Joseph, Wilson Street 
Wood, Robert, Market Place 

YORK (1715) 
Hindley, I. 

BIRMINGHAM (1836) 

Allport, Samuel, 83 Bull Street 
Betteridge, Richard Ezekiel, 18 

Church Street 

Biddle, George, 56 Coleshill Street 
Birley, Samuel, 76 High Street 
Boddington, William, 22 Jamica 

Row, Smithfield 
Brunner, Ignatius (and Musical 

Box), 66 Edgbaston Street 
Carr, Samuel, 113 Lancaster 

Street 
Dowling, James, 178 Bromsgrove 

Street 

Eaves, Charles, Prospect Row 
Ford, James, 22 Carr's Lane 
Greatbatch, Richard, 2 Lower 

Temple Street 
Greatbatch, William, 52 Summer 

Lane 

Griffiths, William, 4 Church Street 
Hadley, Thomas, 9 Smallbrook 

Street 
Hognet, Augustus, 112 Great 

Charles Street 
Holt, Robert, 20 Bromsgrove 

Street 

Louis, Abraham, 30 Dean Street 
Moore, John Hassell, 33 Moor 

Street 

Nicholas, Caleb, 26 Digbeth 
Pritchard, William, 135 New 

Street 
Summons, Josiah H., 4 Ashton 

Road 
Starkey, Richard, 220 High Street, 

Deritend 
Tansley, Thomas, Ashted Row 



Tansley, Sarah, 44 Constitution 

Hill 

Taylor, Sarah, n Ashton Street 
Turner, Isaac, 12 Upper Temple 

Street 

Waight, John, 33 Snowhill 
Waight, William, 72 Coleshill 

Street 
Warwick, Thomas, 32 Colmore 

Row 
Watkins, John Stickley, 105 

Bromsgrove Street 
Watkins, Thomas Henry, 2 Cheap- 
side 
Wilson, Thomas, 118 Lancaster 

Street 
Woller, Charles (and Musical 

Box), 63 Edgbaston Street 

HULL (1836) 

Alexander, George, 33 Silver 

Street 
Armstrong, George, 9 Myton 

Street 

Arthur, James, i Dock Office Row 
Barnaby, Bishop, 13 Marketplace 
Barnett, Joseph, 53 Market Place 
Bedell, Peter, North Bridge, 

Witham 
Blanchard, William & Son, 11 

Silver Street 
Brunner, Engelbert, 62 Myton 

Gate 

Cooper, Matthew, 2 Witham 
Crackles, Samuel, 13 Blanket Row 
Drescher, S. M., 21 Myton Gate 
Dunn, John, 33 Finkle Street 
Ferrier, William Thornton, Queen 

Street 
Forrester, C. A., 67 Whitefriar 

Gate 
Forrester, Patrick, 17 Market 

Place 

Gardner, William, 19 Scale Lane 
Harrison, James (Church Clock) 

Hessle Road 
Jacobs, Bethel, 7 Whitefriar Gate 



APPENDIX 



405 



Jacobs, Emanuel, Beverley Road 
Larard, Thomas, 32 Market 

Place 
Lupie & Solcha, 17 Humber Dock 

Walls 

Maspoli, Augustino, 79 Lower- 
gate 

Northen, Richard, 50 Lowgate 
Payne, Robert, Trippett 
Ross, John, Waterworks Street 
Shipham, John, 21 Market Place 
Symons, Julia, Queen Street 
Terry, William, 66 Lowgate 
Thornham, George, Todd's Entry, 
Silver Street 

LEEDS (1836) 

Abrahams, Phineas, 15 Briggate 
Brownhill, Thomas, 20 Briggate 
Fowler, Robert, 3 Hunslet Lane 
Fryer, William, 5 Lydgate 
Galloway, James, St Peters Street 
Galloway, Matthew, Kirkgate 
Galloway, Thos. John, Kirk- 
gate 
Galloway, William, 125 West 

Street 

Groves, William, 32 Kirkgate 
Helliwell, William, 54 Duke Street 
Hermann, Joseph, Kirkgate 
Hirst, George K., 97 Briggate 
Hunter, Richard, Hunslet Lane 
Kettle well, John, & Kaberry, 157 

Briggate 

Prior, George, 1817-1836, 4 Wood- 
house Lane 
Scott, Joseph, 221 Lowerhead 

Row 
Stephenson, John, 18 Little 

Templar Street 

Stonehouse, Robert, East Street 
Swaine, John, 5 Boar Lane 
Terry, Henry, 29 Briggate 
Waithman, Mary Ann, 165 

Briggate 

Westerman, Richard, I Kirkgate 
Wilkinson, John, 54 Briggate 



LIVERPOOL (1836) 

Armstrong, Thomas, 31 South John 

Street 
Barrington, Isaac, 118 London 

Road 
Barton, Joseph, Derby Street, 

Edge Hill 
Beesley, George & Robert, 

Boundary Street 
Bennet, Thomas, 11 Newsham 

Street 

Bibby, Thomas, 3 Renshaw Street 
Birch, James, 12 Standish Street 
Blundell, Thomas, 54 Upper Pitt 

Street 
Bold, Caleb, Great Richmond 

Street 

Bradley, James Gibson, 99 Rich- 
mond Row 
Bradshaw, William, 9 Tarleton 

Street 
Brindle, Ralph, Derby Street, 

Edge Hill 

Brownhill, James, 62 Whitechapel 
Brownhill, James, 10 Richmond 

Row 

Brownhill, John, 48 Prussia Street 
Caddick, Richard, loBirkett Street 
Cawson, Eleanor, 1 10 Park Lane 
Chadwick, Benjamin, 34 Old Hay- 
market 

Chapman, James, 23 Peter Street 
Chapman, Moses, 45 Castle Street 
Christian, John, 20 Plumbe Street 
Clitherow, Thomas, 10 Warren 

Street 
Cohan, Asher, & Sons, 26 South 

Castle Street 

Cohan, John, 82 Paradise Street 
Cohen, Priscilla, 8 Byrom Street 
Cohen, Simon, 34 Sir Thomas's 

Buildings 

Condliff, James, Fraser Street 
Cooke, William, 56 Great George 

Street 
Cranage, Thomas Stokes, 129 

Islington 



406 



APPENDIX 



Culverwell, Richard Major, 2\\ 

Tithebarn Street 
Daniel, Henry John, 32 Tord 

Street 
Deutch, A., 6 Great Charlotte 

Street 

Doke, Richard, 33 Lord Street 
Donking, James, 46 Dale Street 
Dowling, William, 29 Circus Street 
Drielsma, Isaac Jones, 36 Hanover 

Street 

Drury, Francis, 45 School Lane 
Dumbell, John, 106 Scotland Road 
Dutch, Lesser, 99 Whitechapel 
Fairhurst, John, 19 Copperas Hill 
Finney, Richard, Claremont Place, 

Kirkdale 

Fisher, Richard, 13 Tarleton Street 
Forber, Edward, 75 Gerard Street 
Forber, Joshua, 99 Park Lane 
Ford, Thomas, 68 Circus Street 
Foster, John, 5 Williamson Square 
Frodsham, Henry, 38 Castle Street 
Cleave, John, I Hill Street, Brown- 
low Hill 

Gore, John, Gerard Street 
Grimshaw, John, 42 Sir Thomas's 

Buildings 

Harrison, John, 14 Castle Street 
Hart, Nathan, 13 North John 

Street 

Haworth, Richard, 38 Pitt Street 
Heineky, Robert, 19 Gerard Street 
Helsby, James Gooden, 7 Elliott 

Street 

Helsby, John, Bevington Hill 
Hoffmayer, Martin, 90 Dale Street 
Holmes, Peter, 50 Greenland 

Street 

Hornby, James, 34 St Paul's Square 
Hornby, John, 49 Prussia Street 
Hornby, Richard, South Castle 

Street 

Huges, Lewis, 94 Sparling Street 
Hulme, Richard, 5 Leigh Street 
Isaac & Co., 19 South Castle Street 
Jackson, Abraham, 42 Castle Street 



James, John, 7 Birket Street, 

Soho 

Johnson, Mary, 28 Church Street 
Jones, Charles, & Charles Vaughan, 

South Castle Street 
Jones, John, 3 Parliament Street 
Jones, John, 37 Gerard Street 
Jones, John, 4 Parliament Street 
Jones, Peter, 68 Rose Place 
Kelly, John, 33 Richmond Row 
Latham, Thomas, 47 Hanover 

Street 

Leders, John, London Road 
Lee, Isaac, 68 Seel Street 
Leigh, Joshua, 48 Gerard Street 
Leve, Barnet, 6 Lime Street 
Levien, Lewis Woolf, 64 Paradise 

Street 

Linaker, Henry, 21 Torbock Street 
Litherland, Davis, Co., 19 Bold 

Street 
Longsworth, Peter, 5 St John's 

Lane 
Moorhouse, William, 33 Ranelagh 

Street 

Moncas, Thomas, Richmond Row 
Moss, James Dennet, 100 Brown- 
low Hill 

Nathan, Phillip, 25 Castle Street 
Nelson, Thomas, 3 Bevington 

Bush 

Newton, Joseph, n Bath Street 
Norris, Francis, 108 Mount 

Pleasant 

Parr, Mary, 121 Whitechapel 
Penlington, Joseph, 36 Church 

Street 

Pickford, John, 20 Mersey Street 
Pinnington, Thomas, 66 Great 

Crosshall Street 

Poole, James, 4 Tenterden Street 
Priest, John, Stanley Street 
Priest, Jonas, 2 St Anne's Street 
Radcliffe, Charles, 21 Duke Street 
Rigby, James, 30 Richmond Row 
Rigby, William, 38 Tenterden 

Street 



APPENDIX 



407 



Roskell, Robert & Son, 13 and 14 

Church Street 

Rowley, Henry, 71 Rose Place 
Russell, William, 50 Pitt Street 
Samuel, F. & Co., 3 Clarence 

Buildings 
Samuel, L. H. & Co., 38 South 

Castle Street 

Samuel, Lewis, 7 Lord Street 
Samuel, Louis, 72 Paradise Street 
Samuel, Samuel J., 23 Basnett 

Street 

Samuel, Simpson, Temple Court 
Scramble, Peter, 7 Exchange 

Street, East 

Seager, John, 20 Simpson Street 
Sevvill, Joseph, 35 South Castle 

Street 
Spears, Frederick, Tenterden 

Street 

Spencer, John, 28 Russell Street 
Speth and Brothers, 87 Dale Street 
Stuart, Henry, 75 Park Lane 
Stubley, Benjamin, 180 Vauxhall 

Road 

Stubley, John, 66 Vauxhall Road 
Taylor, John & Co., 88 Whitechapel 
Taylor, John Daniel, 47 White- 
chapel 

Taylor, William, 16 Basnett Street 
Tobias, Miah, Isaac & Co., Dorans 

Lane 
Townley & Quilliam, 60 Renshaw 

Street 

Townley, John, 16 Harford Street 
Verley, Daniel, 10 Parker Street 
Walker, James, 15 Collingwood 

Street 

Wardlow, Henry, 64 Lime Street 
Weatherilt, Samuel, 23 Great 

Crosshall Street 
Weatherilt, William, 25 Lawrence 

Street 

Wignall, Charles, 18 Soho Street 
Wilcockson, Henry, in Copperas 

Hill 
Winter, Thomas, 51 Gerard Street 



Wood, William, 31 Seymour Street 
Woods, Peter, 20 Scotland Place 
Woolf, Lewis, Church Street 
Wright, R. J., 58 Lime Street 
Yates & Hess, 16 Lord Street 

MANCHESTER (1836) 

Abbott, Francis, 50 Market Street 
Abrahams, Isaac (Dealer), 69 

Hanover Street 

Armstrong, Joseph, 88 Deansgate 
Armstrong, Robert, 15 Old Mill- 
gate 
Barnett, Peter, 15 Greengate, 

Salford 

Brown, Thomas, 20 Bridge Street 
Bunyan, Thomas, 120 Greengate, 

Salford 

Clare, Peter, 16 Quay Street 
Clegg, James, 17 Bradford Street 
Clement, J., 6 St Mary's Gate 
Cooke, Henry, 6 Esdailes Build- 
ings, Oxford Street 
Davies, Emanuel, 68 Chapel Street, 

Salford 

Drescher, Simon, 44 Shudehill 
Fallows, John Baptist, 5 Old Bridge 

Street 
Franklin, Abraham, I St Ann's 

Place 

Glatz, Joseph, 4 Old Bridge Street 
Gledhill, Richard, 258 Oldham 

Road 
Greenhalgh, John, 125 and 127 

London Road 
Harris, Henry James, 6 New 

Richmond 

Hatfield & Hall, 56 King Street 
Hemingway, John, in Piccadilly 
Jacob, Henry, 6 Bank Buildings 
Jones, John, 32 Long Millgate 
Jordan, John, 8 Hanging Ditch 
Kemshead, Widow, 26 Market 

Street 

Kent, William Worsley, 63 Deans- 
gate 
Knight, Thomas, 55 Oldham Street 



408 



APPENDIX 



Lacker, Michael, 141 Deansgate 
Mayo, William & Son, 13 Market 

Street 

Mendelson, Henry, 38 King Street 
Moss, William Selby, 71 Oldham 

Street 

Nathan, Asher, 8 King Street 
Ollivant, Thomas and John, 2 

Exchange Street 

Plant, William, 39 Portland Street 
Rennie, William & Co., 61 Lever 

Street 

Rhind, James, 33 Woburn Place 
Richardson, John, 5 St George's 

Road 
Richardson, Thomas, 20 Swan 

Street, Shudehill 
Robertshaw, John, 41 Great 

Bridgewater Street 
Robertson, Joseph, 17 Brook Street 
Robinson, Benjamin, 56 Chapel 

Street, Salford 
Sneddon, William, 4 Chester Road, 

Hulme 
Sermin & Kaltinbach, 18 Chapel 

Street, Salford 
Simmons, Isaac, 9 St Ann's 

Square 
Smith, John, 59 Water Street, 

Bridge Street 
Taylor, Thomas, 3 Mason Street, 

Swan Street 

Terry, Thomas, 12 Bridge Street 
Thelwell, Richard, 3 St Ann's 

Square 
Warmisham, William, 5 Half Street 



Whitehead, William, 16 St Mary's 

Gate 
Wyatt, Lewis, u Portland Street 

SHEFFIELD (1836) 
Beal, Samuel, 2 Cumberland 

Street 

Bright Sons, 19 Market Place 
Brookhouse, John, 81 Fargate 
Brown, William, Hawksworth 

Court, High Street 
Chumbley, William, 2 Castle Fold 
Donking, James Gerard, 38 

Fargate 

Evatt, Henry R., 15 Queen Street 
Flather, William, 18 Church Street 
Heaton, Thomas, 33 King Street 
Heseldin, George, 10 Shales Moor 
Holden, George, 21 Fargate 
Johnson, David, 49 Campo Lane 
Lomas, J.oseph, Broad Street, 

Park 

Raven, William, 13 Waingate 
Robinson, Thomas, 28 High Street 
Russell, John, 9 Coulston Street 
Smith, Samuel, 6 Allen Street 
Snidall, Samuel, 16 High Street 
Swearer, Lawrence, 4 Watson 

Walk 
Symmons, Samuel, 57 Campo 

Lane 

Wilson, Edmund, 47 King Street 
Wilson, John, South Street 

SCARBOROUGH (1808) 
King, R. 



APPENDIX 



409 



SOME ISLE OF MAN CLOCKMAKERS, 1837. 



Clucas, William, North Quay, 

Douglas 
Clurphey, William, Duke Street, 

Douglas 
Craystile, John, Market Place, 

Ramsey 
Cotrier, John, Market Street, 

Peel 
Graves, William, Market Place, 

Ramsey 
Higgin, John, Big Street, Peel 



Kneale, John, Malevv Street, 

Castletown 
Lemon, Abraham, & Morris, 

Duke Street, Douglas 
Moughtin, Thomas, Ballaugh 
Muncaster & Son, Arbory Street, 

Castletown 
Muncaster, William & Son, 

Factory Lane, Douglas 
White, Dominic, Barometer Maker, 

North Quay, Douglas 



SOME OLD IRISH CLOCKMAKERS, 1820-1. 

A few in Dublin earlier specially dated. 
ATHLONE Harvey, Theophilus, Dublin Street 

Byrne, James, Barrack Square 
Good, John, Bridge Street 



Hill, John, Dublin Street 
Prosser, Simon, Dublin Street 



BANDON 

Coppinger, Francis, Gallows- Hill 
Jenkins, William, North Main 
Street 

BELFAST 

Bell, James, 95 North Street 
Cochran & Shaw, 4 Bridge Street 
Coleman, James, 88 North Street 
Johnston, Thomas, 41 Anne Street 
Lawler, J., Bridge-end 
Moore, James, 68 High Street 
Neil, Robert, 25 High Street 

CARLOW 

Dyer, Henry, Tullow Street 
Foster, Joseph, Tullow Street 

CLONMEL 

Brodrick, William, Dublin Street 
Doherty, James, Dublin Street 



COLERAIN 

Caldwell, James, Waterside 
Huston, Samuel, Bridge Street 
Mathers, Adam, Church Street 
M'Kown, J., New Row 

CORK 

Bagley, Richard, 13 Grand Parade 
Bagley, Richard, junr., 12 Grand 

Parade 

Bagley, William, Nile Street 
Byrom, William, 2 Patrick Street 
Fuller, Richard, 21 Patrick Street 
Hawkesworth, Edward, Grand 

Parade 

Haynes, Samuel, Grand Parade 
Mangan, James, Patrick Street 
Montjoy, John, Bridge Street 
Montjoy, Thomas, i Batchelor's 

Quay 
Murphy, John, 8 Patrick Street 



410 



APPENDIX 



O'Shaughnessy, Mark Stephen, 

Grand Parade 

Ross, Charles, Warren's Quay 
Ross, William, South Mail 
Statesbury, George, North Main 

Street 
Thornhill, Walter, Broad Lane 

DROGHEDA 

Adams, Charles, 1 1 1 West Street 
Atkinson, Samuel, 2 West Street 
Glover, Thomas, Peter Street 
North, Thomas, i Lawrence 
Street 

DUBLIN 

Bigger, Gilbert (1783) 
Bull, Isaac (1767) 
Martin, Samuel (1790) 
Meakin, William (1697) 
Read, Thomas (1765) 
Simerell, Thomas (1683) 
Teare, John (1699) 
Wesoncraft, Joseph (1692) 
Wittam, John (1685) 
Verney, Moses (1743) 

Allen, Richard, 40 Capel Street 
Barrington, Isaac, 20 Westmore- 
land Street 

Beith, Robert, 16 George's Quay 
Blundell, Thomas, 142 Abbey 

Street 
Bradshaw, Robert, 19 Henry 

Street 
Buchonnon, Thomas, 3[ College 

Green 

Bulloch, William, 8 Capel Street 
Burke, James, 37 Stephen Street 
Carty, William, 33 Great George 

Street 
Chancelor, John, 35 Lower Sack- 

ville Street 

Clarke, William, i Ellis Quay 
Connor, John, 153 Capel Street 
Craig, Richard, 48 Thomas Street 
Crosthwaite, John, 1795 



Dalrymple, John, 42 Aungier 

Street 

Farley, Thomas, 82 Grafton Street 
Fry, Samuel, 8 Trinity Place 
Garty, George, 30 William Street 
Gaskin, John, 22 College Green 
Gordon & Fletcher, 77 Dame 

Street 

Hanlon, W., 93 Dame Street 
Hartstone, Henry, 10 Mercer 

Street 

Heney, Pat, 65 Capel Street 
Hodges, Frederick, 27 Grafton 

Street 
Holmes, Christopher, 18 Ormond 

Quay 
Hughes, Patrick, 75 North King 

Street 
Johnson, J. F., 19 Parliament 

Street 

Johnson, F. T., 8 Parliament Street 
Kennedy, Patrick, 22 Arran Quay 
Kennedy, Roger, 54 Mary Street 
Kisler, Anthony, 34 Great George 

Street 
L'Estrange, Anthony, 81 Dame 

Street 
M 'Master, Maxwell, 97 Grafton 

Street 

May, John, 29 Grafton Street 
Morgan, William, 105 Grafton 

Street 
Osborne & Molyneux, 2 Grafton 

Street 

Peter Co., 109 Grafton Street 
Pilkington, Thomas, 30 Upper 

Sackville Street 

Rorke, Walter, 20 Lower Sack- 
ville Street 

Scott Son, 41 Grafton Street 
Seed, Richard, 20 Bride Street 
Sharpe, Christopher, 57 Exchequer 

Street 

Sinclair, William, 164 Capel Street 
Smith, Edward, 54 Jervis Street 
Vizer,Barnaby, 26 Upper Exchange 

Street 



APPENDIX 



411 



Walsh, James, 33 Capel Street 
Warner & Hinds, 9 College Green 



Hamilton, William, Ferry Quay 
Street 



Waugh, James Son, 24 Lower Hutchinson, George, Water Side 



James Street 

DUNDALK 

M'Cormack, Andrew, Middle- 
Ward 
Townley, Edward, Middle- Ward 

GALWAY 

Burdge, Nicholas, Shop Street 
Clinch, James, High Street 
Robinson, Andrew, High Street 
Verdon, Charles, High Street 

KILKENNY 

Colles, Nicholas, High Street 
Doyle, Edmund, King Street 
Reily, Frederick, High Street 



Kirwan, Matthew, Artillery Lane 
M'Colgan, John, Ferry Quay Street 
Macky, George, Bishop Street 

NEW Ross 

Lynch, Timothy, South Street 
Whitney, Andrew, South Street 

NEWRY 

Aickin, Greaves, Water Street 
Blackham, George, Hill Street 

SLIGO 

Lattimer, Joshua, Thomas Street 
M'Dowall, James, Castle Street 
Molyneaux, William, Market Street 



KINSALE STRABANE 

Browne, John, Lower Fisher Bell, Dawson, Main Street 
Street Cook, John, Castle Street 

M 'Cardie, James, Main Street 
LIMERICK 

Baynham, , 22 Patrick Street 

Glover, William, 1 1 Rutland Street 

Goggin, Richard, 28 Patrick Street Dillon, Jonathan, Mall 

O'Hogan, Lawrence, 10 Francis Glanville, David, Quay 

Street 
O'Shaughnessy, Robert, 17 George 

Street 
Purcell, John, 21 Patrick Street 



WATERFORD 



Maddock, Patrick, Barren Strand 

Street 

Murphy, Patrick, Quay 
Shallow, Philip, Patrick Quay 



LlSBURN 

Dixon, Charles, Bow Lane 
Parsons, Robert, Bridge Street 
Wiley, Alexander, Bow Lane 

LONDONDERRY 

Colhoun, James & Son, Ship Quay 
Street 



WEXFORD 

Hatchells, Nicholas, Main Street 
Higginbotham, Joseph, Main 
Street 

YOUGHAL 
Dease, John, South Main Street 



Colhoun, James, junr., Ferry Quay Sangster, James, North Main 



Street 



Street 



INDEX 



ABERCROMBIE, James, Aberdeen, I 
Aberdeen, Common Clocks of the 

Burgh of, 1-9 
Abernethy, Scott, Leith, 9 
Adair, James, Stranraer, 9 

Stair, Stranraer, 9 
Adam, John, Paisley, 9 

John, Alloa, 9 

John, Lanark, 9 

Joseph, Glasgow, 9 
Adamson, Charles, Montrose, 9 

John, Cupar-Fife, 9 

, Anstruther, 9 

, Kilmarnock, 9 

Aitchison, Alexander, Edinburgh, 9 

John, Edinburgh, 9 

Robert, Edinburgh, 10, II, 106, 223, 
231, 258, 262, 274, 310, 343, 345 
347, 348, 386 

William, Edinburgh, 1 1 
Aiken or Aitken, David, sen., Carn- 
wath, II 

or Aitken, David, jun., Carnwath, II 
Aitken, Alexander, Glasgow, II 

George, Edinburgh, n, 12, 39, no, 
262, 370 

James, Glasgow, 12 

James, Markinch, 12 

John, Edinburgh, 12, 329 

John, Dairy, 12 

Peter, Glasgow, 12 

Robert, Galashiels, 13 

William, Haddington, 13 
Alcorne, James, Edinburgh, 13 

Richard, Edinburgh, 13, 15, 230, 376 
Alexander, Alexander, Elgin, 13 

David, C., Kilmarnock, 14 

George, Leith, 14 

George, Turriff, 1 3 

James, Elgin, 14 
413 



Alexander, James, KincardineO'Neil, 14 

James, Turriff, 13 

John, Edinburgh, 14, 57, 61, 270 

John, Edinburgh, 14 

Mary, Turriff, 14 

Robert, Bathgate, 16, 225 

Robert, Edinburgh, 14, 67, 88, 230, 
247 

Robert, Leith, 15, 16 

Robert, Wigton, 16 

William P., Balfron, 16 

William, Glasgow, 16 

William, Glasgow, 16 

W. A., Glasgow, 1 6 
Alison, John, Montrose, 16 

John, Leith, 16 
Alisone, James, Cupar and Edinburgh, 

16, 17, 127, 240, 243, 351 
Allan, James, Kilmarnock, 17 

James, Aberdeen, 17 

James, Aberdeen, 17 

James, Kilmarnock, 17 

John, Edinburgh, 17 

William, Aberdeen, 17 

William, Aberdeen, 17 

William, Kilwinning, 17 
Alston, John, Leith, 17 

John, Edinburgh, 17 

John, Edinburgh, 17 
Ancrum, Thomas, Edinburgh, 18 
Anderson, Andrew, Comrie, 1 8 

Charles, Aberdeen, 18 

George, Aberdeen, 18 

George, St Andrews, 18 

Henry, Tulliallan, 18 

Hercules, Bervie, 18 

John, Dunse, 18 

William, St Andrews, 18 
Andersone, David, Aberdeen, 4, 18 
Andrew, Alexander, Portsoy, 18 



414 



INDEX 



Andrew, William, Huntly, 18 

William, Perth, 18 
Angus, George, Aberdeen, 18, 19 
Arbuckle, Joseph, Paisley, 19 
Archdeacon, Thomas, Greenock, 19 

Argo, , Peterhead, 19, 141 

Argyle, Duke of, Peeblesshire, 19, 20 
Armour, John, Kilmaurs, 20 
Arnot, Thomas, Edinburgh, 20 
Ashenheim, Jacob, Edinburgh, 20 
Auld, William, Edinburgh, 20-27, 89, 

196, 232 

Austen, John, Dundee, 27 
Ayr or Eyr, Benjamin, Edinburgh, 28 

BAIN, Alexander, Edinburgh, 26, 28-36, 
49, 72 

George, Brechin, 36 

John, Stirling, 36 
Baird, Walter, Glasgow, 37 
Bairnsfather, Alexander, Edinburgh, 37 
Ballantine, William, Edinburgh, 37 
Ballantyne, James, Edinburgh, 37 

, Paisley, 37 

William, Edinburgh, 37 
Balsillie, Andrew, Cupar-Fife, 37 
Banff, Kirk Clock of the Burgh of, 37, 

38 

Bannerman, Gilbert, Banff, 39 
Barclay, David, Montrose, 39 

Hugh, Edinburgh, 39, 40, 95, 109, 
no, 341 

Peter, Lochwinnoch, 40 

Thomis, Montrose, 40 
Barr, Fidele and Thomas, Edinburgh, 
40 

Mark, Lanark, 80 

Thomas, Lanark, 40 

William, Hamilton, 40, 41 
Barnett, John, Edinburgh, 41 
Barrie, Andrew, Edinburgh, 41 
Barren, John, Aberdeen, 41 

John & Son, Aberdeen, 41 
Barron & Grey, Aberdeen, 41 
Batchelor, William, Dundee, 41 
Baxter, John, Perth, 41 

John, Dunkeld, 41 

John, Edinburgh, 41 
Bayne or Bane, John, Stirling, 41 
Begg, John, Glasgow, 41, 42 

John, Edinburgh, 42, 43 



Beggs, Thomas, Glasgow, 43 

Bell, Alexander. St Andrews, 43, 44. 45 

Alexander, Glasgow, 45 

Andrew, Haddington, 45 

David, Stirling, 45 

Henry, Edinburgh, 45 

James, Edinburgh, 45 

.'ames, Cambusnethan, 45 

John, Jedburgh, 45 

Matthew, Edinburgh, 45 

William, Cambusnethan, 45 

William, Wick, 45 

, Camnethan, 45 

Benson, Duncan, Glasgow, 45 
Berry, James, Aberdeen, 45 

James, Stonehaven, 46 

William, Edinburgh, 46 
Beveridge, George Kettle, Fife, 46 

Robert, Kirkcaldy, 46 

Robert, Newburgh, 46 
Binny or Binnie, Daniel, Edinburgh, 
12,46,47, 48, 108, iio, 155,165, 
172, 190, 193, 232, 283, 288 
Binny & Gordon, Edinburgh, 48 
Bishop, James, Musselburgh, 48 

James, Edinburgh, 48 
Bisset, David, Perth, 48 

William, Perth, 48 

William, Dundee, 48 
Black, Andrew, Leslie, 48 

Andrew, Alloa, 48 

Andrew, Colinsburgh, 48 

Andrew, Glasgow, 48 

David, Colinsburgh, 48 

James, Berwick-on-Tweed, 48 

James, Kirkcaldy, 48 

John, Aberdeen, 48 

John, Edinburgh, 48 

Thomas, Dumfries, 48 
Blackie, George, Musselburgh, 48, 49 

John, Edinburgh, 49 

J. R., Leith, 49 
Blackwood, Thomas, Perth, 49 
Blaikie, William, Edinburgh, 49 
Blair, Andrew, Edinburgh, 49 

James, Kilwinning, 50 

Thomas, Perth, 50 
Bonnar, Mrs, Edinburgh, 50 

Robert, Dunfermline, 50 
Bookless, Peter, Edinburgh, 50 
Booth, G. & Son, Aberdeen, 50 



INDEX 



415 



Booth, James, Auchinblae, 50 

John, Aberdeen, 50 
Boverick, Sobieski, Edinburgh, 50 
Bowdingis, Adrian, Edinburgh, 50 
Bower, John, Kirreymuir, 50 
Bowers, Andrew, Cupar-Fife, 50 
Bowie, James, Kirkcaldy, 50 

John, Stirling, 50 

William, Edinburgh, 50 

, Kirkcaldy, 51 

Boyd, James, Cupar-Fife, 5 1 
Brackenridge, Alexander, Kilmarnock, 

Si 

James, Kilmaurs, 51 
Brand Alexander, Edinburgh, 39, 47, 
51. 52, 53, 84, 109, 1 10, 122, 143, 
286, 287, 318 
James, Edinburgh, 53 
Brand, John, Dumfries, 53 
Brander, James, Keith, 53 
Breakeiirig, Alexander, Edinburgh, 53, 

55, 390 

James, Edinburgh, 54, 169, 318 
John, Edinburgh, 54, 55 
Robert, Edinburgh, 55, 56 
Robin, Edinburgh, 56 
Breckenridge, Alexander, Kilmarnock, 

56 

A. & Son, Kilmarnock, 57 

William, Kilmarnock, 57 
Bremner, William, Kirkwall, 57 
Bridges, Thomas, Edinburgh, 57 
Briggs, Alexander, Edinburgh, 57 
Brotherston & Mackay, Dalkeith, 57 
Brown, Alexander, Glasgow, 57 

Alexander, Coatbridge, 57 

Alexander & Co., Glasgow, 57 

Andrew, Edinburgh, 13, 18, 51, 57, 
58, 59, 61, 65, 122, 166, 167, 180, 
192, 209, 246, 247, 297, 322. 

Charles, Stranraer, 60 

Charles, Edinburgh, 60 

Daniel, Mauchline, 60 

Daniel, Glasgow, 60 

David, Edinburgh, 60 

George B., Leith, 60 

George, Edinburgh, 60 

George, Linlithgow, 60 

George, Airdrie, 60 

George, Glasgow, 60 

George, Arbroath, 60 



Brown, James, Elgin, 60 

James, Aberdeen, 60, 137, 138, 139 

Mrs J., Edinburgh, 60 

John, Edinburgh, 6l, 95 

John, Edinburgh, 39, 53, 61, 62, 63, 
109, 1 10, 287, 291, 330, 342, 370 

John, Edinburgh, 63, 64, 66 

John, Edinburgh, 64 

John, Port Glasgow, 64 

John, Irvine, 64 

John, Elgin, 64 

John, St Andrews, 64 

John, Elgin, 64 

Joseph, Kirkcaldy, 64 

Malcolm, Edinburgh, 64 

Murdoch, Edinburgh, 6$ 

Peter, Ayr, 65 

Robert, Edinburgh, 65 

Samuel, Edinburgh, 64, 65, 66, 76, 
155, 194, 232, 262, 280, 283, 305, 
3io, 317, 343, 345, 376, 382, 389 

Thomas, Auchtermuchty, 66 

Thomas, Berwick-on-Tweed, 66 

William, Edinburgh, 15 

William, Dumfries, 66 

William, Edinburgh, 66 

, Elgin, 66 

& Chalmers, Leith, 66 

& Skelton, Edinburgh, 66, 258 
Brow nice, Alexander, Edinburgh, 67 
, William, Hamilton, 67, 142 
Brownlie, Alexander, Edinburgh, 39, 

53, 61, 67, 68, 374 
Brownlie, Archibald, Strathaven, 68 

James, Glasgow, 68 
Bruce, James, Edinburgh, 68 

David, Aberdeen, 2, 68 

Robert, Edinburgh, 68 

William, Edinburgh, 68 

William, Edinburgh, 68 
Brunton, Patrick, Dalkeith, 68 

Walter, Edinburgh, 68, 94 
Bryden, Thomas, Johnshaven, 68 
Bryson, Charles, Glasgow, 68 

Alexander, Edinburgh, 70, 71, 72, 

73,74 

John, Dalkeith, 68 
Robert, Edinburgh, 69, 70, 113, 190, 

254, 367, 393 

Robert & Sons, Edinburgh, 70 
Buchan, Alexander, Perth, 74 



416 



INDEX 



Buchan, Archibald, Perth, 74 
Buchanan, Andrew, Greenock, 74 

Robert, jun., Glasgow, 74 
Buglas, C., Berwick-on-Tweed, 74 

Burbidge, , Edinburgh, 74 

Burges, John, Stirling, 74 

Burn, David, Bathgate, 74 

Burnet, John, Tarves, 74 

Burns, David, Mid-Calder, 74 

Burns, Robert, Melrose, 74 

Burrells, Johne & Harie, Dunfermline, 

128 

Burton, William, Dunse, 74 
Butler, Robert, Greenock, 74 

CAITHNESS, David, Dundee, 74 
Calder, John, Glasgow, 75 
John, jun., Glasgow, 75 
John, Edinburgh, 75, 148 
Caldwell, John, Glasgow, 75 

William, Glasgow, 75 
Callam, Charles, Edinburgh, 75 
Callan, Archibald, Douglas, 75 
Callender, James, Edinburgh, 75 
Cameron, Alexander, Selkirk, 75 
Alexander, Dundee, 75 
Hugh, Johnshaven, 76 
James, Stewarton, 76 
James, Edinburgh, 76 
James, Selkirk, 76 
James, Dundee, 76 
John, Perth, 76 
John, Kilmarnock, 76 
John, Barrhead, 76 
John, Aberfeldie, 76 
Campbell, Archibald, Gourock, 76 
Charles, Bo'ness, 76 
Hugh, Edinburgh, 77 
James, Edinburgh, 77 
James, Johnstone, 77 
John, Edinburgh, 77-78 
John, Glasgow, 78 
Marshall, Colmonell, 78 
Robert, Edinburgh, 78 
William, Stirling, 78 
Cant, James, Perth, 78 
Carmichael, James, Edinburgh, 78 
John, Greenock, 78 
Johne, Edinburgh, 243, 244 
Carnegie, , Arbroath, 78 

Robert and two Bros., Kineff, 78 



Carnegie, Robert, Auchinblae, 78 
Carruthers, David, Ecclefechan, 78 

George, Langholm, 79 
Cassels, James, Lanark, 79 

Cathro, , Dundee, 79 

Chalmers, Alex. Thomson, Aberdeen, 79 
David, Edinburgh, 79 
John, Edinburgh, 55, 334 
Chapman, Francis, Glasgow, 79 

Francis, Poliokshaws, 79 
Charlton, John, Edinburgh, 79 
Charras, Charles, Glasgow, 79 
Charters, Deckford, Edinburgh, 79 

William, Dumfries, 79 
Chisholm, Adam, Dumfries, 79 
Christie, Gabriel, Edinburgh, 79 
James, Perth, 80 
James, Perth, 80 

Clapperton, Gideon, Edinburgh, 80 
Clark, Andrew, Edinburgh, 80, 222, 

308 

Charles, Edinburgh, 80, 189 
George, Aberdeen, 80 
James, Edinburgh, 60, 80, 81, 82, 

181, 221, 263, 317, 381, 388 
James, Kirkcaldy, 82 
John, Greenock, 82 
Joseph, Kirkcaldy, 82 
Robert, Kilmarnock, 82 
Robert, Newburgh-Fife, 82 
Clarke, John, Greenock, 82 

William, Greenock, 82 
Cleland, John, Edinburgh, 76, 82, 83, 

190, 226, 388 

& Mollison, Edinburgh, 83 
Mrs, Edinburgh, 83, 84 
Clidsdale or Clydsdale, Robert, Edin- 
burgh, 11, 47, 84, 85, 99, 108, 121, 
143, 148, 170, 171, 190, 227, 266, 
274, 283, 342, 345, 348, 374, 382, 
395, 398, 399 
Hugh, Edinburgh, 85 
Coats, Robert, Hamilton, 85 
Cochrane, Thomas, Edinburgh, 85 
Thomas, Glasgow, 85 
William, Paisley, 85 
Cockburn, Adam, Haddington, 86 
Andrew Thompson, Berwick-on- 
Tweed, 86 

William, Haddington, 86 
Coghill, James, Glasgow, 86 



INDEX 



417 



Coleman, Thomas, Leith, 86 
Collison, Alexander, Stonehaven, 86 
Common, James, sen., Coldstream, 86 

James, jun., Coldstream, 86 
Conquer, Patrick, Perth, 86 
Conqueror, Peter, Berwick-on-Tweed , 

86 
Constable, Alexander, Dundee, 86 

George, Cupar-Fife, 86 

William, Dundee, 86 

William, Dundee, 86 
Cook, James, Strichen, 86 

James, Dumfries, 86 

William, Aberdeen, 6, 86 
Cooper, William, Hamilton, 87 

Thomas, Hamilton, 87 
Corbet, Robert, Glasgow, 87 
Cordingley, Thomas, Wick, 87 
Corrie, Philip, Langholm, 87 
Coulter, William, Saltcoats, 87 
Couper, Andrew, Edinburgh, 87 
Cousteill, John, Edinburgh, 87, 88, 327 
Coutts, James, Perth, 88 
Cowan, Hugh, Thurso, 88 

James, Edinburgh, 9, 10, 12, 22, 28, 
60, 63, 66, 88, 89, 94, 99, M3 H7, 
194, 203, 283, 310, 3", 315, 345, 
370 

William, Glasgow, 89 

William, Lennoxtown, 90 
Craig, David, Pathhead, 90, 226 

James, Glasgow, 90 

Peter, Glasgow, 90 

Robert, Kilmarnock, 90 

Robert, Kilmaurs, 90 
Craw, James, Forfar, 90 
Crawford, Archibald, Largs, 91 

George, Falkirk, 91 

James, Johnstone, 91 

Robert, Dunse, 91 

William, Glasgow, 91 

William, Markinch, 91 
Cree, John, Glasgow, 91 
Creighton, David, Greenock, 91 
Creith, Robert, Leith, 91, 134, 135 
Creych, Robert, Edinburgh, 91, 134, 

135 

Crichton, David, Glasgow, 91 

George, Mid-Calder, 91 

John, Leith, 91 
Crighton, John, Dundee, 91 



Crighton, Walter, Haddington, 91 
Croll, Colin, Edinburgh, 91, 92 

Colin, Perth, 92 

William, Dundee, 92 
Crone, William, Aberdeen, 92 
Crooks & Burn, Edinburgh, 92, 93 
Cross and Carruthers, Edinburgh, 93 
Cross or Corse, James, Perth, 93 
Crouch, William, Edinburgh, 93 
Cruickshanks, George, Elgin, 93 
Crukshanks, Johne, Aberdeen. I, 93 
Gumming, Alexander, Edinburgh and 
London, 93 

Alexander, Inveraray, 93 

Charles, Edinburgh, 94 

James, Edinburgh, 94 

John, Edinburgh, 94 
Cunningham, James, Haddington, 94 

William, Sanquhar, 94 

W. and A., Edinburgh, 94 
Currer, John, Peebles, 94 

Robert, Peebles, 94 
Currie, Thomas, Edinburgh, 94 
Cuthbert, James, Perth, 94 
Cuthbert, John, Perth, 95 

DALGARNO, Alexander, Aberdeen, 95 
Dalgleish, John, Edinburgh, 66, 84, 85, 
95. 96, 97, 98, 121, 142, 165, 208, 
254, 258, 385, 386 

Laurence, Edinburgh, 98, 99, in, 
169, 274, 280, 292, 343, 348, 389, 
391, 395, 400 

Robert, Falkirk, 99 

and Dickie, Edinburgh, 99 
Dall, Thomas, Dundee, 100 
Dallas, Joseph, Perth, 100 

Alexander, Inverness, 100 
Dallaway & Son, Edinburgh, 100, 101, 

102, 103, 104, 105, 106 
Dalrymple, William, Edinburgh, 106 
Dalzeil, James, Fraserburgh, 106 

Danks, , Edinburgh, 106 

Darling, Robert, Edinburgh, 106 

Robert, Haddington, 106 

Robert, Lauder, 106 
Davidson, Andrew, Stranraer, 106 

, Dunse, 106 

Charles, Forfar, 107 

James, Dunbar, 107 

James, Old Deer, 107 

2 D 



418 



INDEX 



Davidson, James, Girvan, 107 

James, Dunse, 107 

John, Wick, 26 

John, Glasgow, 107 

Nean, Dunse, 107 

Robert, Lerwick, 107 
Davie, Christopher, Linlithgow, 107 

John, Linlithgow, 107, 225 
Dawson, David, Tarbolton, 107 

Matthew, Haddington, 107 
Dean, Thomas, Glasgow, 107 
Deans, John, Haddington, 107 
Develin, Patrick, Greenock, 108 
Deverley, Hugh, Perth, 107 
Dewar, David, Doune, 108 
Dick, James, Ayr, 108 

Robert, Dailly, 108 

William, Glasgow, 108 
Dickie, Alexander, Edinburgh, 46, 47, 
108, 109, 186, 208, 374 

Andrew, Edinburgh, 79,84, 109, no, 
121, 128, 129, 130, 190, 191, 283, 

375 

Andrew, Dunfermline, in 

Andrew, Stirling, in 

William, Dunfermline, ill 
Dickman, John, Leith, in 

John, Edinburgh, III 
Dickson, Charles, Dundee, ill 

John, Edinburgh, in 
Dicky, Sir Alexander, Glasgow, 161 
Dixon, Thomas, Haddington, in 
Dobbie, Andrew, Glasgow, III 

George, Falkirk, ill 

John, Prestonpans, 112 

John, Glasgow, 112 

John, Edinburgh, 112 

Thomas, Glasgow, 112 

William, Falkirk, 112 

William, Falkirk, 112, 113 
Dods, Andrew, Selkirk, 113 
Doig, Alexander, Edinburgh, 113 
Doig, Alexander, Mussel burgh, 113 

William, Polmont, 113 
Don, George, Glasgow, 113 
Donald, James, Edinburgh, 113 

William, Rhynie, 113 
Donaldson, Andrew, Airdrie, 113 

David, Edinburgh, 113 

James, Meigle, 113 

John, Glasgow, 113 



Dougal, Alexander, Strathaven, 113 

Alexander, Glasgow, 113 

George, Edinburgh, 113 

John, Kippen, 113 

, Glasgow, 113 

Douglas, Alexander, Edinburgh, 113 

George, Bonhill, 114 

George, Holytown, 114 

James, Dundee, 114 

James, Edinburgh, 114 

James, Glasgow, 114 

John, Dumbarton, 114 

Walter, Dollar, 114 

Walter, Douglas, 114 

Walter, Galston, 114 

& Son, Greenock, 114 
Douglass, Alexander, Bowmore, 1 14 
Dow, Andrew, Glasgow, 114 

John, Glasgow, 114 
Downie, David, Edinburgh, 114 

John, Edinburgh, 114 

William, Edinburgh, 10, 48, 99, 114, 

115, 116, 342, 345, 347, 37i 
Dreney, Samuel, Girvan, 117 
Dresher & Robold, Paisley, 117 
Drumrnond, Francis, Alloa, 117 

John, Brechin, 117 

John, Edinburgh, 117 
Drysdale, James, Edinburgh, 117 

Thomas, Edinburgh and Quebec, 12 1 

Walter Scott, Edinburgh, 117, 118, 
119 

William, Dunbar, 12 1, 349 

William, Edinburgh, 118, 119, 120, 
121, 169, 171, 388 

William, Edinburgh and Phila- 
delphia, 121 

William, Falkland, 121 
Duff, Daniel, Paisley, 121 

David, Edinburgh, 121 

James, Burntisland, 121 

James, Edinburgh, 28, 64, 68, 82, 
115, 121, 143, 155, 210, 262, 293, 

334, 345 
Dunbar, James, Edinburgh, 122 

James, Perth, 122 
Duncan, Alexander, Elgin, 122, 139 

Andrew, Aberdeen, 122 

Andrew, Edinburgh, 122 

D , Cupar-Fife, 122 

George, Banff, 122 



INDEX 



419 



Duncan, James, Old Meldrum, 122 
Thomas, Edinburgh, 122 
, Dalbeattie, 122 
, Glasgow, 122 
Dun, William, Glasgow, 122 
Dundee, Saint Mary's Clock, 122, 123, 

124, 125, 126, 127 
Dunfermline, The Common Clocks of, 

127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132 
Dunn, Malcolm, Edinburgh, 132 

Thomas, Berwick-on-Tweed, 132 
Durham, William, Dunbar, 132 
William, Edinburgh, 132 
William, Thurso, 132 
Durward, Joseph, Edinburgh, 132, 133, 
170, 317 

EADIE, Andrew, Perth, 133 
Earns, James, Edinburgh, 133 
Edinburgh, The Common Clock of 
the burgh of, 133, 134, 135, 136, 
137 
Edwards, John, Alloa, 137 

John, Edinburgh, 137 
Eldrick, Hay, Kirkwall, 139 

James, Kirkwall, 139 
Elgin, The Common Clocks of the 

burgh of, 137, 138, 139 
Elleis, David, Aberdeen, 3, 139 
Essex, Joseph, Edinburgh, 139 
Eunson, James, Stromness, 140 

FAIRBAIRN, Andrew, Edinburgh, 140 
Fairgreive, James, Edinburgh, 140 
Fairholm, Robert, Edinburgh, 140, 141 
Fairn, James, Edinburgh, 141 
Fairweather, John, Edinburgh, 141 
Falconer, William, Laurencekirk, 141, 

142 
Farquhar, Andrew, Peterhead, 142 

Andrew, Edinburgh, 142 
Farquharson, Alexander, Edinburgh, 
10, 142, I43i 155. 194, 385 

Charles, Edinburgh, 143 

Charles, Dundee, 143 

Robert, Dundee, 143 

Lauchlin, Perth, 143 
Faulds, Allan, Kilmarnock, 143 

James, Kilmarnock, 143 
Fay, James and John, Glasgow, 143 
Fead, James, Edinburgh, 143 



Fenwick, Peter, jun., Crieff, 143 
Father and Son, Crieff, 143 

Feren, , Dundee, 143 

Feren & Co., Dumfries, 143 

Ferenbach, D. and C., Edinburgh, 143 

Ferguson, Alexander, Cupar-Fife, 144 
Alexander, Dundee, 144 
Alexander, Edinburgh, 143 
Archibald, Johnstone, 144 
George, Perth, 144 
James, Banffshire and London, 65, 

U4. 145 

Montgomery, Mauchline, 145 

William S., Elgin, 145 
Ferrier, John, Tain, 145 
Fife, William, Edinburgh, 145 
Finlay, Andrew, Gatehouse-of-Fleet, 

145 

John, Aberdeen, 145 

John & Co., Glasgow, 145 
Fleming, John, Port-Glasgow, 145 
Fletcher, Robert Graham, Edinburgh, 

145 

Fletcher & Hunter, Edinburgh, 146 
Flight, Alexander, Cupar-Fife, 146 

Blair, Kinross, 146 
Flockhart, John, Edinburgh, 146 
Foot, Robert, Edinburgh, 147 
Forbes, Daniel, Leith, 147 

Francis, Edinburgh, 147 

William, Kintore, 147 
Ford, William, Leith, 147 
Foreman, William, St. Petersburgh, 148 
Forrest, Daniel, Edinburgh, 148 

David, Edinburgh, 148 

James, Edinburgh, 148 

Simon, Lanark, 148 

William, Edinburgh, 148 
Forrester, Peter & Co., Edinburgh, 

148, 149, 150, 151 
Forsyth, T. M., Turriff, 151 
Foster, Isaiah & Co., Glasgow, 151 
Fowlds, Allan, Kilmarnock, 151, 386 

James, Kilmarnock, 151 
Francis, Thomas, Dumbarton, 151 
Frank, Andro and James, Peebles, 151 
Franklin, Brothers, Edinburgh, 151 
Fraser, Hugh, Tain, 151 

James, Perth, 151 

John, Aberdeen, 151 

John, Perth, 151 

2 D 2 



420 



INDEX 



Fraser, Nicholas, Haddington, 151 
Freeman, Walter, Hawick, 151 
Frigg, Alexander, Edinburgh, 151 
Frugard, John, Edinburgh, 151 
Fubister, John, Edinburgh, 151 
Fulton, John, Fenwick, 151 

GALLOWAY, Walter, Kilbirnie, 152 

William, Dairy, 152 
Gammack, James, Aberchirder, 152 
Garden, Peter, Longside, 152 
Gardiner, James, Perth, 152 

& Kynock, Edinburgh, 152 

Patrick, Edinburgh, 152 

Patrick, Perth, 93, 133, 152 

Peter, Perth, I $2 

W. & J., Perth, 152 
Gardner, Peter, Perth, 1 52 
Garrick, Fergus, Stranraer, 152 

John, Stranraer, 152 
Gartly, John, Aberdeen, 152 
Garvan & Wright, Irvine, 153 
Geddes, Charles, Halifax, Canada, 154 

James, Edinburgh, 46, 88, 115, 153, 

154. 273, 274. 374 
George William, Perth, 154 
Gerrard, William, Turriff, 154 
Gibb, James, Glasgow, 154 

James, Stirling, 154 

William, Whithorn, 154 
Gibson, Adam, Dunse, 154 

Henry, Berwick-on-Tweed, 1 54 

James, Glasgow, 154, i$5 

John, Beith, 156 

John, Edinburgh, 64, 155, 210, 345, 
386 

John, jun., Edinburgh, 155, 156 

John, Glasgow, 156 

John, Glasgow, 156 

John, Kelso, 156 

John, Saltcoats, 156 

Robert, Dumfries, 156 
, Ayr, 156 

Thomas, Berwick-on-Tweed, 156 

& Clelland, Edinburgh, 157 
Giffen, Robert & Son, Campbeltown, 

157 
Gifford, The Town Clock of, 157, 158, 

159 

Gilchrist, John, Kilsyth, 159 
Gilfillan, James, Lesmahagow, 159 



Gilgour, Thomas, Elgin, 159 
Gill, David, Aberdeen, 159 

Peter & Son, Aberdeen, 159 
Gillan, John, Inverury, 159 
Gillies, Robert, Beith, 159 

William, St Ninians, 159 
Gilmot, Henry, Edinburgh, 159 
Gin, William, Perth, 1 60 
Gladstone, John, Biggar, 160 
Glasgow, The Town Clocks of, 160, 

161, 162 
Glass, James, Alexandria, 162 

John, Edinburgh, 162 
Colder, John, Alloa, 163 
Goodal, Adam, Edinburgh, 163 
Goodfellow, John, Stirling, 163 
Goodoune, John, Edinburgh, 163 
Gordon, Adam, Edinburgh, 163 

Alexander, Dundee, 163 

George, Perth, 163 

Hugh, Aberdeen, 164 

James, Aberdeen, 164 

James, Beith, 165 

James, Edinburgh, 165 

James, Perth, 165 

John, Edinburgh, 165 

Patrick, Edinburgh, 61, 67, 94, 109, 
140, 141, 153, 165, 166, 168, 287, 

37i, 375, 396 

Robert, Edinburgh, 166 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 20, 39, 68, 133, 
140, 166, 204, 258, 284, 376 

Thomas, Edinburgh and New York, 
168 

William, Duff town, 169 

William, Edinburgh, 169 

William, Lauder, 168, 169 
Gordone, Thomas, Aberdeen, 8, 169 
Gordoune, John, Edinburgh, 169 
Gourlay, James, Newton-Stewart, 169 
Gow, James, Dunblane, 169 

William, Edinburgh, 169 
Gowans, James, East Linton, 169 
Graham, Charles, Edinburgh, 169 

J., Kirkintilloch, 169 

James, Girvan, 170 

James, Glasgow, 170 

James, Whitburn, 170 

John, Airdrie, 170 

John, Langholm, 170 

John, Moffat, 170 



INDEX 



421 



Graham, Joseph, Glasgow, 170 

Thomas, Hawick, 170 
Graig, William, Stewartfield, 170 
Grant, Alexander, Newburgh, 170 

Alexander, Stirling, 170 

George, Edinburgh, 170 

John, Fyvie, 170 

John, Glasgow, 170 

John, Glasgow, 170 

Joseph, Helensburgh, 170 

William, Edinburgh, 170 

William, Edinburgh, 171 

William, Perth, 171 
Gray, Alexander, Elgin, 137, 171 

, Elgin, 171 

Henry, Inverkeithing, 171 

James, Edinburgh, 42, 60, 75, 172, 
173, I74i 223, 253, 258, 280, 293, 
305, 337 

James, Elgin, 171 

James, Macduff, 171 

James, jun., Edinburgh, 148, 174, 175 

Peter & Co., Edinburgh, 175 

Robert, Edinburgh, 175 

Robert & Son, Glasgow, 175 

William, Huntly, 175 
Green, Robert, Edinburgh, 20, 77, 147, 
152, 174, 175, 176, 188, 196, 220, 
226, 259, 292, 298, 300, 369 
Greenhill, William, Leslie and London, 

I 7 6 
Greig, David, Perth, 176 

David, Stonehaven, 176 

James Gibson, Edinburgh, 176 

James, Perth, 144, 176, 189,288,367 

John, Perth, 176, 177 
Grey, Ernest, Aberdeen, 177 

James, Perth, 177 
Grigor, George, Elgin, 177 
Grimalde, Samuel, Edinburgh, 177, 

178, 179, 1 80 

Grinlaw, Alexander, Dunse, 180 
Groom, John, Edinburgh, 180 
Groundwater, Robert P., Kirkwall, 180 
Guthrie, Nicol, Glasgow, 180 
Guvane, Patrik, Edinburgh, 133, 180 

HADDINGTON, The Common Clock of 

the Burgh of, 180, 181 
Halbert, William, Glasgow, 181 
Haldane, Charles, Edinburgh, 181 



Haldane, James, Edinburgh, 181 
Hall, John, Kirkcudbright, 181 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 37, 181, 182, 

38o, 394 

William, Eyemouth, 182 
Halliday, Peter, Wigton, 182 
Halliday, Robert, Kirkcudbright, 182 
Hallie, Thomas, Glasgow, 182 
Hamilton, James, Paisley, 182 

John, Glasgow, 141, 182 
Hannay, William, Paisley, 183 
Hannington, William, Glasgow, 183, 

385 
Hardie, James, Aberdeen, 183 

Walter, M., Edinburgh, 25, 183 
Hardy, John, Aberdeen, 183 
Harper, Samuel, Ayr, 183 
Harris, Alexander, Paisley, 183 

Robert, Paisley, 183 
Harrison, John, Edinburgh, 183 

John D., Edinburgh, 183 

Robert, Edinburgh, 183 
Hart, John & Robert, Glasgow, 183 
Harvey, Alexander, Sanquhar, 183 

George, St Ninians, 184, 185 

William, Stirling, 185, 186 
Haughton, John, New Castleton, 186 
Hay, Andrew, Edinburgh, 186 

James, Inverness, 186 

John, Leith, 187 

Peter, Edinburgh, 187 

Thomas, Kelso, 187 
Hearne, E., Edinburgh, 187 
Heitzman, John, Kirkcaldy, 187 
Hencher, Thomas, Musselburgh, 187 
Henderson, Ebenezer, Dunfermline, 
187, 188 

Francis, Edinburgh, 188 

Francis, Musselburgh, 188 

George, Edinburgh, 188 

John, Dunfermline, 188 

John, Edinburgh, 169, 188, 189 

Robert, Edinburgh, 189 

William, Dundee, 189 

William, Edinburgh, 189 
Henry, James, Keith, 189 
Hepburn, John, Perth, 189 
Herbert, William, Edinburgh, 189 
Heron, Erskine, Edinburgh, 189 

James, Greenock, 189 

& Son, Greenock, 189 



422 



INDEX 



Hewit, James, Edinburgh, 189 
Hill, David, Edinburgh, 190 

George, Bo'ness, 190 

George, Whitburn, 190 

Thomas, Kilbride, 190 
Hind, George, Edinburgh, 190 
Hinmers, Robert, PMinburgb, 54, 77, 

119, 174, 190, 191, 226, 319, 369 
Hislop, Adam, Biggar, 191 

Alexander, Glasgow, 191 

Alexander, Greenock, 191 

John, Peebles, 191 
Hodge, Charles, Edinburgh, 191 
Hodgson, John, Annan, 191 

Robert & Son, Annan, 191 
Hog, Charles, Prestonpans, 191, 192 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 192 
Hogarth, Thomas, Berwick-on-Tvveed, 

192 
Hogg, Alexander, Haddington, 192 

James, Gifford, 192 
Home, Robert, Edinburgh, 192 
Honderwood, James, Ayr, 192 
Hood, George, Colinsburgh, 192 

John, Cupar-Eife, 192 

William, Tarbolton, 193 
Hope, Hugh, Dumfries, 193 
Hopton, A. & M., Edinburgh, 193 

James, Edinburgh, 193, 194, 217 
Horn, Alexander, Eyvie, 194 
Hourston, William, Kirkwall, 194 
Houston, James, Johnstone, 194 
How, Andrew, Kilbarchan, 194 
Howden, James, sen., Edinburgh, 37, 
54, 77, 'H9, 147, 152, 175, 190, 
194, 195, 196, 218, 228, 266, 280, 
283, 292, 299, 300, 310 

James, jun., Edinburgh, 132, 196, 
197, 198, 220, 302 

John, Edinburgh, 198 
Howie or How, Allan, Irvine, 198 
Howieson, George, Edinburgh, 198 

John, Perth, 198 
Hoy, Thomas, Kesso, 198 
Hudson, William, Edinburgh, 198, 199 
Hue, James, jun., Edinburgh, 200 
Hume, John, Kelso, 200 
Hunter, Alexander, New Cumnock, 200 

George, W., Perth, 200 
John, Dunfermline, 200, 201 

John, Edinburgh, 201 



Hunter, Nathan, Port Glasgow, 201 

Peter, Alloa, 201 

Peter, Edinburgh, 201 

Peter, Edinburgh, 201 

Robert, Girvan, 201 

William, Campbeltown, 201 

William, Dunfermline, 2oi 

William, Stirling, 201 
Husband, D., Kirkcaldy, 201 
Hutchison, George, PMinburgh, 201 

George, Stirling, 201 

Robert, Douglas, 202 
Hutton, George, Perth, 202 

James, Edinburgh, 202, 334, 338 

James, Edinburgh, 202 

William, Edinburgh, 202, 203 

IBACH, Alexander, Edinburgh, 203 
Inglis, Walter, Glasgow, 203 

William, Edinburgh, 203 
Ingram, Richard, Dumfries, 204 

William, Ayr, 204 

William, Catrine, 204 

& Son, Ayr, 204 
Inkster, Henry, Stromness, 204 
Innes, Alexander, Dalkeith, 204 

David, Edinburgh, 204 

George, Aberdeen, 204 

George, Glasgow, 204 

William, Glasgow^, 204 
Irvine, Alexander, Edinburgh, 204 

Alexander, Edinburgh, 204 

John, Edinburgh, 204 
Ivory, James, Dundee, 205 

Thomas, Dundee, 205 

JACKSON, Allan, Lochgilphead, 206 

James, H., Perth, 206 
Jaffray, John, Stirling, 206 

Johne, Glasgow, 161 

William, Glasgow, 206 
James, H. N., Edinburgh, 206 

John, Edinburgh, 206 
Jameson, George, Hamilton, 206 

James, Stranraer, 207 
Jamieson, James, Newton Stewart, 207 

John, Ayr, 207 

Robert, Glasgow, 207 
Jardine, John, Glasgow, 207 

Robert, Bathgate, 207 
Jeeves, Anthony, Edinburgh, 207, 208 



INDEX 



423 



Jerdan, , Glasgow, 208 

Johnson, John, Ayr, 208 

Robert, Linlithgow, 208 
Johnston, David, Edinburgh, 208 

Hugh, Ban-head, 208 

James, Edinburgh, 208 

James, Portsoy, 208 

John, Ayr, 208, 209 

John, Edinburgh, 208 

John, Edinburgh, 208 

John, Linlithgow, 208 

John, Peteihead, 208 

Matthew, Edinburgh, 209 

Samuel, Langholm, 209 

William, Glasgow, 209 
Johnstone, James, Linlithgow, 209 
Johnstoun, Alexander, Edinburgh, 209 

John, Edinburgh, 209 
Johnstoune, David, Edinburgh, 209 
Junor, Daniel, Edinburgh, 209 
Just, George, Kirkcaldy, 209 

KAY, David, Edinburgh and Dundee, 
124, 160, 209 

John, Aberdeen, 3, 209 
Keeller, John, Mussel burgh, 209 
Keir, Duncan, Stirling, 209 

Peter, Falkirk, 210 
Keith, David, Inverness, 210 

George, Strathaven, 210 

Robert, Forfar, 210 

William, Inverness, 210 
Kelly, Andrew, Glasgow, 210 

Peter, Edinburgh, 210 
Kempie, Andrew, Perth, 210 
Kennedy, Alexander, Edinburgh, 210 

John, Dalmellington, 210 

John, Maybole, 210 

John, jun., Maybole, 210 

Thomas, Kilmarnock, 210 
Kerr, Alexander, Annan, 210 

Henry, Dundee, 24, 210 

Henry, Edinburgh, 24, 210 

Henry, Loanhead, 210 

John, Glasgow, 210 
Ketching, William, Edinburgh, 21 
Kettle, William, Edinburgh, 210 
Kilgour, Patrick, Aberdeen, 7, 210 

Patrick, Edinburgh, 210 

William, Glithnow, 211 
Kilpatrick, Gilbert, Edinburgh, 211 



King, Alexander, Peterhead, 21 1 
Benjamin, Peterhead, 21 1 

David, Montrose, 211 

Duncan, Port Glasgow, 211 

John, Aberdeen, 211 

John, Montrose, 2 1 1 
Kinnear, C. D., Portobello, 211 

Conrad & Son, Glasgow, 21 1 

J., Edinburgh, 21 1 
Kinneir, James, Edinburgh, 212 
Kirk, James, Edinburgh, 212, 213, 366 

John, Dalkeith, 213 
Kirkcudbright, The Common Clock of 

the Burgh of, 213, 214, 215, 216 
Kirkland, James, Glasgow, 216 

Richard, Port Glasgow, 2 16 
Kirkwood, Alexander, Paisley, 216 

James, Perth, 216 

John, Lauder, 216, 219, 220 

John, Melrose, 216 
Knie, Balthazar, Edinburgh, 193, 216, 

217, 218 

Knox, Alexander, Berwick-on-Tweed, 
218 

James, Paisley, 218 

Robert, Beith, 218 

Robert, Paisley, 218 

William, Beith, 218 

William, Paisley, 218 
Kullberg, Victor, London and Edin- 
burgh, 24, 218 

LAIDLAW, Alexander, Edinburgh, 218 
Laing, David, Perth, 218, 219 

George, Aberfeldy, 219, 319 

James, Keith, 219 

William, Fort William, 219 
Laird, David W., Leith, 219 

James, Kilmacolm, 219 

John & Andrew, Glasgow, 219 
Lambert, Peter, Berwick-on-Tweed, 219 
Lamond, J. & Co., Leith, 219 
Lauder, The Common Clock of, 219, 220 
Lauder, James, Prestonpans, 220 

John, Prestonpans, 220 
Laule, T., Edinburgh, 220 
Laussine, Esaius, Edinburgh, 220 
Law, David, Kilmarnock, 220 

George, Peebles, 220 

James, Aberdeen, 220 

James, Castle-Douglas, 220 



424 



INDEX 



Law, James, Castle-Douglas, 220 
John, Kirkcaldy, 220 
John, Beith, 220 
John, Edinburgh, 220 
Robert, Castle-Douglas, 220 

, Ringford, 215, 220 

Solomon, Lantonside, 221 
Thomas, Castle-Douglas, 215, 220 
William, Kirkcudbright, 221 
William, Linlithgow, 221 

Lawrence, George, Keith, 221 

Lawrie, Archibald, Edinburgh, 221 
Archibald, jun., Edinburgh, 221 

Laws, Michael G., Berwick-on-Tweed, 

221 

Lavvson, Christopher, Edinburgh, 221 
Lawson & Millar, Edinburgh, 201, 221, 
222 

Leadbetter, Andrew, Edinburgh, 222 
Leek, Robert, Jedburgh, 222 

Robert, Mauchline Tower, 222 

William, Jedburgh, 222 
Leckie, David, Annan, 222 

Lees, , Edinburgh, 222, 223 

Legget, John, Dunse, 223 
Leighton, Walter, Montrose, 223 
Leitch, Daniel, Kincardine-on-Forlh, 

223 
Leithead, James, Moffat, 223 

James, Galashiels, 223 
Lennox, Edward, Perth, 223 
Leslie, J. & P., Kirkcaldy, 223 

John, Kirkcaldy, 223 

Peter, Burntisland, 223 

Thomas, Borrowstounness, 224 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 223, 224, 255 
Liddell, James, Bathgate, 224 

William, Edinburgh, 224 

William, Portobello, 224 

or Liddall & Sons, Edinburgh, 224 
Lightbody, James, Lanark, 224 

John, Lanark, 224 
Lindsay, Luke, Greenock, 224 

William, Edinburgh, 224 
Linlithgow, The Town Clock of, 224, 

225 

Lion, Robert, Carnwath, 226 
Little, James, Annan, 226 

John, Annan, 226 
Littlejohn, Wilson, Peterhead, 226 
Livingstone, Edward, Dundee, 226 



Livingstone, George, Edinburgh, 226 
Lochart, William, Edinburgh, 226 
Lock, Robert, Edinburgh, 226 
Locke & Hutton, Dunfermline, 226 
Logan, Thomas, Maybole, 226 

William, Ballater, 226 
Logic, Robert, Edinburgh, 77, 226, 264 
Loudan, David, Kilwinning, 226 

John, Irvine, 226 
Love, James, Edinburgh, 226 

James, Elgin, 226 

John, Edinburgh, 226 

John, Glasgow, 226 

Neilson, Port Glasgow, 226 
Low, Alexander, Edinburgh, 227 

Alexander, Errol, 227 

James, Edinburgh, 227 

John, Kirriemuir, 227 

Thomas, Dundee, 227 

Thomas, Perth, 227 

Thomas, Perth, 227 
Lowe, , Arbroath, 227 

, Errol, 227 

Lucas, Alexander, Glasgow, 227 
Lumsdane, Walter, Cupar-Fife, 227 

Walter, Cupar-Fife, 227 
Lumsden, David, Anstruther, 227 

George, sen., Pittenweem, 227, 228 

George, jun., Pittenweem, 228 

John, Aberdeen, 228 
Lunan, Charles, sen., Aberdeen, 228 
Lundie, John, Dundee, 228 

John, Elgin, 228 

William, Inverurie, 228 
Lunn, Charles, Edinburgh, 228 
Lyndsay, Friar Alexander, Aberdeen, 2, 

228 
Lyon, , Bathgate, 228 

Andrew, Port Glasgow, 229 

Charles, Lanark, 229 

James Walter & Co., Edinburgh, 229 

MACADAM, Walter, Bathgate, 229 

Walter, Glasgow, 229 
Macara, Robert, Dunfermline, 229 
Macclymont, James, Ayr, 229 
Macfarlan, Duncan, Glasgow, 229 

& Son, Glasgow, 229 
Macfarlane, A. P., Glasgow, 229 

D., Glasgow, 229 

Patrick, Glasgow, 229 



INDEX 



425 



Macfarlane, Peter, Glasgow, 229 
Macgregor, Duncan, Comrie, 229 
Maciver, Murdo, Dingwall, 229 
Mackay, Alexander, Peterhead, 229 

Alexander, Banff, 229 

John, Edinburgh, 148, 229 

& Chisholm, Edinburgh, 229, 230 
Mackenzie, Colin, Inverness, 230 

, Glasgow, 225 

Mackerson, David, Edinburgh, 230, 

327 
Mackie, Andrew, Fraserburgh, 231 

John, Ellon, 231 

William, Aberdeen, 231 
Maclean, Andrew, Edinburgh, 148, 231 

George, Edinburgh, 231 
Maclennan, John, Dingwall and London, 

231 
Macnab, John, Perth, 231 

Robert, Perth, 231 
Macnee, William, Edinburgh, 231 
Macpherson, John, Edinburgh, 231, 
232 

Normond, Edinburgh, 48, 79, 115, 
141, 143, 172, 203,211, 223, 231, 
232, 233, 234, 266, 283, 345. 370, 
387 

& Co., Edinburgh, 232, 234 

& Leslie, Edinburgh, 234 
Macrae, Alexander, Inverness, 235 

John, Inverness, 235 
Macvicar, Archibald, Lundie Mill, Fife, 

235 
Magdalen Chapel, Edinburgh, Clock 

and Bell of, 235 to 250 
Mailing, Robert, Aberdeen, 4, 250 
Maitland, James, Neilston, 250 

John, Glasgow, 251 

John, Lochwinnoch, 251 
Malcolm, William, Callander, 251 

William, Edinburgh, 251 
Manners, James, Berwick-on-Tweed, 

251 
Manson, Alexander, Thurso, 251 

David, Dundee, 251 
Marshall, Francis & Son, Edinburgh, 

251 

James & Son, Wishaw, 251 
James & Walter, Edinburgh, 251 
P., South Queensferry, 251 
William, Bellie, 252 



Martin, John, Kincardine-on-Forth, 
252 

Joseph, Kippen, 252 

Peter, Glasgow, 252 

Robert, Glasgow, 253 

Robert, Glasgow and Grahamston, 
252 

Robert, Perth, 253 

William, Glasgow, 253 

, Castle-Douglas, 215, 253 

Mason, John, Kelso, 253 
Mathers, George, Peterhead, 253 
Matheson, John S., Leith, 25, 253 
Mathewson, Andrew, Kilconquhar, 253 

James, Kilconquhar, 253 

William, Kilconquhar, 253 
Mathieson, John, Edinburgh, 253 

Robert, Edinburgh, 253 
Matthcwson, John, Anstruther, 254 
Maule, William, Coldstream, 254 
Maver, Francis, Fochabers, 254 
Mavine, Daniel, Edinburgh, 254 
Maxwell, Henry, Edinburgh, 254 

Robert, Wigton, 254 

William, Edinburgh, 254 
M'Adam, Robert, sen., Dumfries, 254 

Robert, jun., Dumfries, 254 
M'Alpin, George, Edinburgh, 254 
M'Bean, James, Inverness, 254 
M'Beath, Alexander, Fraserburgh, 254 
M'Beth, Daniel, Glasgow, 254, 255 
M'Call, John, Dalkeith, 255 

John, Edinburgh, 255 
M'Cracken, William, Glasgow, 255 
M'Credie, Thomas, Stranraer, 255 
M'Donald, David, Edinburgh, 255 

David, Glasgow 255 

Donald, Inverness, 255 

Duncan, Edinburgh, 255 

James, Aberdeen, 255 

John, Inverness, 255, 256 

Peter, Inverness, 256 

William, Edinburgh, 256 

William, Invergordon, 256 

William, Nairn, 256 
M'Duff, J., Maybole, 256 
M'Ewan, James, Crieff, 256 

John, Crieff, 257 

William, Auchterarder, 257 
M'Ewen, William, Edinburgh, 257 
M'Farlane, Alexander, Perth, 257 



426 



INDEX 



M'Farlane, D. & Son, Glasgow, 257 

James, Perth, 257 

Patrick, Glasgow, 257 

Patrick, Perth, 257 
M'Farlane, Robert, Perth, 257 
M'Fie, Brice, Greenock, 257 
M'George, David, Castle-Douglas, 257 

John, Kirkcudbright, 257 

, Dumfries, 257 
M'Gilchrist, John, Barrhead, 257 

J., Kirkintilloch,-257 
M'Gill, G. & W., Paisley, 257 
M'Gregor, Alexander, Dunse, 107, 

257 

D. W., Glasgow, 257 

Forrest, St Ninians, 257 

James, Edinburgh, 120, 257 

James & Son, Edinburgh, 257 

John, Edinburgh, 257 

John, Stornoway, 257 

John, Wick, 257 

Peter, Perth, 257 

Thomas, Ay ton, 257 
M'Innes, Neal, Lochgilphead, 258 

William, Glasgow, 258 
M'Intyre, Joseph, Crieff, 258 
M'Kay, Alexander, Banff, 258 

David, Arbroath, 258 

James T., Aberdeen, 258 
M'Kenzie, Alexander, Edinburgh, 258 

Francis, Edinburgh, 258 

Kenneth, Edinburgh, 258 

Lewis, Edinburgh, 258 

Murdoch, Edinburgh, 258 

William, Aberchirder, 258 
M'Kerroa, James, Dalkeith, 258 
M'Kinlay, Peter, Edinburgh, 258 
M'Kirdie, John, Aberdeen, 258 
M'Kirdy, Hugh, Glasgow, 258 
M'Lachlan, John, Dumfries, 258 
M'Laren, James, Glasgow, 258 

L., Edinburgh, 258 
M'Lean, George, Glasgow, 258 
M'Lennan, William, Inverness, 258 
M'Leod, J. & Co., Aberdeen, 258 
M'Master, William, Greenock, 258 
M'Millan, Andrew, Glasgow, 259 

James, Ardrossan, 259 

Peter, Aberdeen, 259 
M'Nab, John, Perth, 259 

J. & A., Perth, 259 



M'Naughtan,Alexander,Edinburgh,259 
M'Naughton, Donald, Perth, 259 
M'Niesh, John, Falkirk, 259 
M'Pherson, John, Nairn, 259 
M'Queen, Alexander, Edinburgh, 259 
M'Robert, Thomas, Stranraer, 259 

M'Skimming, , Castle-Douglas, 

215, 259 
M'Walter, James, Paisley, 259, 260 

Moses, Balfron, 260 
M'Waters, George, Glasgow, 260 
M'Whinnie, Robert, Ayr, 260 
Mearns, Ernest, Banff, 260 

John, Aberdeen, 260 
Mellis, John, Edinburgh, 260 
Melrose, James, Edinburgh, 260 

, Edinburgh, 260 
Melvil or Melvill, Robert, Stirling, 78, 

260 

Melvill, Robert, Aberdeen, 5, 260 
Memes, James, Berwick-on-Tweed, 260 
Memess, James, Garnock, 260 

John, Johnshaven, 260 
Memis, William, Aberdeen, 260 
Menzies, Robert, Alloa, 261 

Robert, Coupar-Angus, 260 

Robert, Crieff, 261 

Robert, Perth, 261 
Mercer, Hay, Aberdeen, 261 
Merrylies or Merrylees, Charles, Edin- 
burgh, 261 

Merson, James, Huntly, 261 
Methven, David, St Andrews, 261, 262 
Michie, James, Brechin, 262 
Millar, Alexander, Edinburgh, 262 

David, Bathgate, 262 

George, Carluke, 262 

John, Edinburgh, 262 

John, Edinburgh, 262 

Peter, Alloa, 263 

Richard, Edinburgh, 75, 263, 264 

Robert, Edinburgh, 264 

R. & Son, Edinburgh, 264 
Miller, Alexander, Perth, 264 

Alexander, Montrose, 264 

Archibald, Castle-Douglas, 215, 264 

Archibald, Glasgow, 264 

Archibald, Kirkcudbright, 264 

Archibald & William, Airdrie, 264 

Andrew, Edinburgh, 264 

George, Perth, 265 



INDEX 



427 



Miller, James, Alloa, 265 

James, Perth, 265 

James, Perth, 265, 266 

James, Port Glasgow, 265 

John, Selkirk, 266 
Robert, Perth, 266 

William, Aberdeen, 266 
Milligan, Andrew, Ayr, 266 

Andrew, Edinburgh, 266, 376 

Andrew, jun., Edinburgh, 266 
Milne, Alexander, Aberdeen, 267 

George, Aberdeen, 267 

George, Edinburgh, 165, 267 

Gideon, Edinburgh, 267 

Humphrey or Umpra, Edinburgh, 
57, 77, 245, 267, 268, 269, 284 

James, St Ninians, 269 

John, Edinburgh, 235, 269 

John, Edinburgh, 269 

Joseph, Huntly, 269 

Richard, or Mills, Edinburgh, 13,61, 
165, 169, 202, 267, 269, 270, 271, 
38o, 396 

Robert, Aberdeen, 271 

Robert, Montrose, 271 

Thomas, Huntly, 271 

William, Dunfermline, 271 
Mitchell, Alexander, Glasgow, 271 

Alexander, Glasgow, 271 

Alexander & Son, Glasgow, 272 

Bishop, Garvock, 273 

James, Saltcoats, 272 

John & William, Glasgow, 272 

Walter, Edinburgh, 273 

William, Aberdeen, 273 

William, Glasgow, 273 

& Russell, Glasgow, 273 
Mitchelson, Alexander, Edinburgh, 273 

James, Edinburgh, 274 

John, Edinburgh, 274 
Moffat, Alexander, Musselburgh, 274 

James, Musselburgh, 274 
Mollison, Charles, Edinburgh, 274 
Monro, George, Edinburgh, 151, 184, 
189, 274, 275, 276, 277, 278, 279, 
280, 336, 342, 374, 38i, 399 

George, Inverness, 275 

Hector, Leith, 280 

Hugh, Edinburgh, 280 

Hunter, Edinburgh, 280 

Monteith, James, Edinburgh, 280 



Moore, George, Cumnock, 280 
Morgan, Donald, Kirkwall, 280 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 108, 145, 174, 

204, 226, 259, 280, 281 
Morison, William, Alloa, 281 
Morrison, Alexander, Glasgow, 281 

George, Aberdeen, 281 

George, Auchtermuchty, 282 

John, Edinburgh, 282 

Theodore, Aberdeen, 282 

William, Glasgow, 282 

& M'Ewan, Edinburgh, 282 
Mortimer, William, Cullen, 282 

William, Portsoy, 282 
Morton, James, Dunbar, 282 

Robert S., Dunbar, 282 
Mosely, M., Glasgow, 282 
Mossman & Son, Edinburgh, 282 
Muir, James, Glasgow, 282 

Robert, Dairy, 282 
Muirhead, , Glasgow, 282 

Henry, Glasgow, 282 

Henry, Rothesay, 282 

James, Glasgow, 282 

James, Glasgow, 282 
Munro, Dugald, Aberfeldie, 282 

Hugh, Dollar, 282 

John, Edinburgh, 282 
Murdoch, Andrew, Glasgow, 282 

James, Ayr, 282 

James, Tarbolton, 282 

James & Son, Ayr, 282 

John, Edinburgh, 64, 172, 204, 226, 
283, 345, 348, 386, 391 

John, Edinburgh, 283 
Murray, David, Edinburgh, II, 54, 119, 
140, 147, 175, *88, 282, 283 

George, Lochgilphead, 283 

George, Doune, 283 

James, Moffat and London, 283 

John, Aberdeen, 284 

John, Lanark, 284 

Robert, Lauder, 284 

R. & R., Lauder, 220, 284 

William, Edinburgh, 284 
Myles, George, Edinburgh, 284 
Mylne, J. A. Montrose, 284 

James, Edinburgh, 284 

James, Edinburgh, 284 

NAPIER, Thomas, Glasgow, 284 



428 



INDEX 



Napier & Dunn, Glasgow, 284 
Neall, James, Edinburgh, 284 
Neill, John, Glasgow, 284 
Neilson, George, Dumfries, 284 

John, Glasgow, 285 
Nevay, William, Forfar, 285 
Newlands, L. F., Glasgow, 285 

James and Luke, Glasgow, 285 
Nicholson, John, Berwick-on-Tweed, 
285 

Richard, Berwick-on-Tweed, 285 
Nicol, James, Kilmarnock, 286 

Joseph, Coupar Angus, 286 
Nicoll, James, Edinburgh, 80, 122, 163, 
210, 253, 286, 289, 380 

William, Edinburgh, 66, 88, 1 14, 115. 
168, 172, 189, 260, 273, 280, 287, 
288, 345, 370 
Nimmo, Alexander, Kirkcaldy, 288 

Alexander, Leith, 288 

J. Leith, 288 

Nisbet, James, Edinburgh, 288 
Noble, John, Perth, 288 
Norrie, David, Leith, 288 

OCG, Hendrie, Dunfermline, 288 
& M'Millan, Aberdeen, 288 

Oliphant, Alexander, Anstruther Easter, 

288 

Alexander, Anstruther, 288 
Alexander, Pittenweern, 288 

Orr, James, Greenock, 288 
William, Saltcoats, 288 

Ott, William, Edinburgh, 288 

PAISLEY, The Common Clock of, 289 
Panton, James, Edinburgh, 188, 289 

Robert, Edinburgh, 289 
Park, George, Eraser burgh, 289 

James, Kilmacolm, 289 

John, Inverurie, 289 
Parker, Matthew, Dunfermline, 132, 

290, 291, 310 

Parkinson, Roger, Edinburgh, 180, 291 
Paten, Archibald, Edinburgh, 291 
Paterson, Alexander, Leith, 291 

George & Co., Aberdeen, 291 

James, Banff, 291 

James, Edinburgh, 22O, 221, 263, 292, 
300 

John, North Leith, 147, 292 



Paterson, Patrick, Edinburgh, 293 

Walter, Edinburgh, 293 

William, Edinburgh, 293 

, Carbarns, 293 

, Glasgow, 293 

Paton, David, Dunfermline, 294 

James, Edinburgh, 294 
Pattison, James, Glasgow, 294 
Paul, Thomas, Glasgow, 294 
Paxton, John, Kelso, 294 
Pearson, Emmanuel, Edinburgh, 294 

Thomas, Berwick-on-Tweed, 294 

William, Berwick-on-Tweed, 294 
Peat, John, Crieff, 294 

Thomas, Crieff, 294 

Thomas, Stirling, 294 
Peatt, David, Crieff, 294 
Peddie, Andrew, Stirling, 294 

James, Stirling, 295 

James, Stirling, 295 
Peebles, James, Selkirk, 295 
Peebles, The Common Clock of, 295, 

296, 297 

Peet, Thomas, Stirling, 297 
Pen, William, Edinburgh, 297 
Penman, Robert, Dunfermline, 297 
Pennecuik, James, Glasgow, 297 
Peterkin, J., Edinburgh, 297 
Peters, David, Arbroath, 297 
Petrie, John and William, New Deer, 

297 

Pettigrew, John, Edinburgh, 297 
Phillip, Alexander, Glasgow, 297 

Alexander, Edinburgh, 297, 298 

William, Edinburgh, 298, 299 
Phinn, Thomas, Edinburgh, 299 
Picken, Charles, Edinburgh, 299, 300 

John, Edinburgh, 263, 300, 368 

John, Leith, 300 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 300 
Pinchbeck, Edward, Edinburgh, 300, 

301 

Pinkerton, John, Haddington, 77, 302 
Pirrie, John, Perth, 302 

J., Cullen, 302 

Pitcairn & Robertson, Paisley, 302 
Polwarth, William, Dunse, 302 
Porter, Robert, Galston, 302 
Potts, James, Berwick-on-Tweed, 302 
Pourie, Henry, Perth, 302 
Pozzie, Joseph, Elgin, 302 



INDEX 



429 



Pringle, Adam, Edinburgh, 302 

George, Edinburgh, 303 

George & Son, Edinburgh, 303 

James, Dalkeith, 303 

Thomas, Dalkeith, 303 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 303 

William, Edinburgh, 304 
Procter, Alexander, Tarland, 304 

Robert, Edinburgh, 304 
Purdoune, Andrew, Glasgow, 162, 304 
Purves, William, Edinburgh, 2, 123, 

304, 305, 373 
Pyot, James, Edinburgh and Leith, 305 

RAE, Rev. Peter, Kirkconnel, 305 

Rait, D. C., Glasgow, 305 

Ramage, James, Edinburgh, 60, 75, 81, 

114, 169, 188, 305 

Ramsay, David, Dundee and London 
3o6, 307,308, 321 

Mark, Edinburgh, 308 

Patrick, John, and Silvester, Dundee, 
125, 126, 127, 306, 308 

Robert, Dumfries, 308 
Ranken, James, Edinburgh, 308 
Rankin, Alexander, Greenock, 308 

John, Old Cumnock, 308 
Rankine, John, Edinburgh, 308 

J. & W., Sorn, 308 
Rannie, Alexander, Turnff, 308 
Reed, Andrew, Sanquhar, 309 

William, Edinburgh, 309 

William, Montrose, 309 
Redpath, , Kelso, 309 

Henry, Stirling, 309 
Reid, Alexander, Edinburgh, 309 

Andrew, Biggar, 309 

David, Glasgow, 309 

Francis, Glasgow, 309 

Francis & Sons, Glasgow, 309 

& Halbert, Glasgow, 309 

& Tod, Glasgow, 309 

James, Edinburgh, 309 

James, Edinburgh, 310 

John, Banff, 38, 310 

John, Edinburgh, 310 

John, Edinburgh, 310 

John, Glasgow, 310 

John, Sanquhar, 310 

Robert, Glasgow, 310 

Thomas, Montrose, 310 



Reid, Thomas, Auchtermuchty, 310 

Thomas, Canongate, Edinburgh, 310 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 20, 21, 22, 42, 
$6, 89, 290, 303, 309, 310, 311, 
312, 313, 316, 343, 370, 390 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 315 

& Auld, Edinburgh, 22, 208, 313, 
314, 315,390, 392 

and Auld Bequest, Edinburgh, 23, 24, 
25, 26, 27 

William, Edinburgh, 315 

William Otto, Biggar, 316 
Rennie, Alexander D., Arbroath, 316 

Alexander, Turriff, 316 
Rhind, Thomas, Paisley, 316 
Richardson, George, Edinburgh, 316 

William, Alloa, 316 

William, Balfron, 316 

William, Edinburgh, 287, 317, 375 

William, Paisley, 316 
Riddel, Charles, Old Meldrum, 317 

D. & J., Aberdeen, 317 

James, Aberdeen, 317 
Ritchie, , Dundee, 317 

Andrew, Edinburgh, 317 

George, Arbroath, 317 

James, Edinburgh, 75, 133, 137, 317 
Ritchie, James & Son, Edinburgh, 317 

James, Muthill, 317 

John, Coupar- Angus, 318 

John, Edinburgh, 317 

Peter, Edinburgh, 318 

Samuel, Forfar, 318 

Thomas, Cupar-Fife, 318 
Robold, Zeprian, Greenock, 318 
Robb, William, Montrose, 318 
Robertson, Charles, Coupar- Angus, 318 

Daniel, Glasgow, 318 

David, Edinburgh, 318 

David, Perth, 318 

Duncan, Blairgowrie, 318 

Ebenezer, Glasgow, 318 

George, Dundee, 318 

George, Edinburgh, 318 

James, Dundee, 318 

James, Edinburgh, 318 

James, Edinburgh, 319 

James, Leith, 319 

James, Perth, 319 

John, Edinburgh, 319 

Matthew, Mauchline, 319 



430 



INDEX 



Robertson, Patrick, Perth, 319 

Robert, Glasgow, 319 

Robert, Perth, 319 

Thomas, Glasgow, 319 

Thomas, Rothesay, 319 

W., Edinburgh, 320 

William, Dunbar, 320 

William, Edinburgh, 320 

William, Edinburgh, 320 

William, Falkland, 320 
Robson, W., Linton, 321 
Rodger, Alexander, Campbeltown, 321 

William, Stonehaven, 321 
Ross, Charles, Broughty-Ferry, 321 

David, Dysart, 321 

George, Inveraray, 321 

James, Glasgow, 321 

Thomas, Tain, 321 

William, Dingwall, 321 

William, Huntly, 321 

William, Stonehaven, 321 
Rough, David, Dundee, 321 

James, Kirkcaldy, 321 
Roumieu, Paul, sen., Edinburgh, 87, 
88, 167, 254, 321, 322, 323, 324, 

326, 380, 382 

Paul, jun., Edinburgh, 151, 230, 294, 

327, 328, 329 

Rowland, John, Berwick-on-Tweed, 
329 

John, Berwick-on-Tweed, 329 

Walter, Berwick-on-Tweed, 329 

Walter, Yetholm, 329 
Roy, James, Edinburgh, 329 

William, Dunfermline, 330 

William, Edinburgh, 329 
Rule, James, Dundee, 330 

John, Kelso, 330 

Walter, Edinburgh, 330 
Russell, D., Leith, 330 
Russell, Hugh, Moffat, 330 

John, Falkirk, 217, 330, 331, 332, 333 

John, Falkirk, 333 

Robert, Moffat, 333 

Samuel, Selkirk, 333 

Samuel, Selkirk, 333 

William, Falkirk, 333 

William, Glasgow, 333 

William, Glasgow, 333 
Rutherford, Walter, Jedburgh, 333 

William, Hawick, 333 



SAFELY, John, Edinburgh, 55, 334 

John, Carluke, 334 
Safly, John, Lanark, 334 
Salmon, Colin, Dundee, 334 
Sanderson, Alexander, Dunblane, 334 

John, Wigton, 334, 335 
Sandy, James, Alyth, 335, 336 
Sangster, Alexander, Pelerhead, 336 
Scot, James, Dalkeith, 336 
Scott, Andrew, Edinburgh, 336 

Andrew, Dingwall, 336 

Andrew, Dundee, 336 

David, Dundee, 336 

David, Edinburgh, 336 

Frederick, Dundee, 336 

George, Edinburgh, 75, 137, 277, 
336, 399 

James, Leith, 337 

James, Selkirk, 337 

John, Edinburgh, 337, 338 

John, Edinburgh, 338, 339 

Robert, Edinburgh and Virginia, 339 

Walter, Lauder, 339 

William, Aberdeen and London, 339 

William, Dundee, 339 

William, Ferryport-on-Craig, 339 
Scott & Co., Glasgow, 339 

& Steele, Edinburgh, 339 
Scrymgeour, James, Aberdeen, 339 

James, Glasgow, 339 
Sellar, John, Elgin, 339 
Sharp, Robert, Coldstream, 340 

Robert, Jedburgh, 340 
Sharpe, Francis, Dumfries, 340 
Shearer, Michael, Edinburgh, 340 

& Walker, Glasgow, 340 

Mrs Charles, Glasgow, 340 
Shedden, Charles, Perth, 340, 341 
Sheill, James, Earlston, 341 
Sherriff, William, Edinburgh, 39, 341 
Shier, Thomas, Banff, 342 
Short, Ramsay, Edinburgh, 342 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 342 
Sim, John, Longside, 342 
Sime, Robert, Edinburgh, 342 
Simpson, David, Portree, 342 

John, Edinburgh, 342 

John, Girvan, 342 

Robert, Edinburgh, 342 
Sims, Francis, Edinburgh, 342 
Sinclair, Alexander, Edinburgh, 342 



INDEX 



431 



Sinclair, Alexander, Edinburgh, 342 

James, Alloa, 342 

Peter, Glasgow, 342 
Skelton, George, Edinburgh, 37, 66, 81, 
99i H4, 175. 183, 189, 190, 308, 
342, 343i 344i 399 
Skeock, James, sen., Stewarton, 344 
Skirving, John, Edinburgh, 108, 183, 

344, 345, 346, 347, 34^, 37*, 399 
Sliman, Archibald, Cumnock, 348 
Slimen, William, Ayr, 348 
Small, Thomas, Dundee, 348 

William, Edinburgh, 348 
Smeiton, Charles, Dunbar, 349 
Smith, Alexander, Banff, 349 

Alexander, Dundee, 349 

Alexander, Inverurie, 349 

Alexander, Tranent, 349 

Andrew, Prestonpans, 349 

A. P., Dundee, 349 

Charles, Aberdeen, 349 

David, Pittenweem, 349 

David, St Andrews, 349 

George, Edinburgh, 350, 351, 365, 
366 

George, Forres, 349 

George, Huntly, 349 

James, Dundee, 351 

James, Edinburgh, 351, 352 

James, Edinburgh, 236, 237, 239, 352, 
353, 365 

James, Grantown, 351 

James, Irvine, 351 

John, Edinburgh, 353 

John, Edinburgh, 353 

John, Glasgow, 353 

John, Perth, 353 

John, Pittenweem, 227, 290, 310, 
353 to 365 

Robert, Edinburgh, 14, 209, 212, 
213, 365, 366 

Robert, Inverness, 366 

Robert, Irvine, 366 

Robert, North Berwick, 366 

Walter, Aberdeen, 366 

William, Dundee, 367 

William, Edinburgh, 367 

William, Fort William, 367 

William, Inverness, 366 

William, Irvine, 367 

William, Leith, 367 



Smith, William, Loanhead, 367 
William, Musselburgh, 367 
William, Perth, 367 
Smyth, George, Glasgow, 161, 367 
Smythe, Philemon, Edinburgh, 367 
Somerville, David, St Ninians, 367, 368 

Robert, Glasgow, 368 
Spark, William, Aberdeen, 368 
Speed, George, Dundee, 368 

Spink, , Elgin, 368 

Spence, Hugh, Huntly, 368 

John, Stromness, 368 
Robert, Dysart, 368 

Thomas, Dysart, 368 
Spens, James, Edinburgh, 368 
Spittal, James, Glasgow, 368 
Sprunt, David, Perth, 369 
Steel, John, Edinburgh, 369 

Peter, Perth, 369 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 369 

Thomas, Kirkintilloch, 369 
Steele, Alexander, Edinburgh, 36^ 

Alexander, Edinburgh, 369 

John, Edinburgh, 369 
Steell, Alexander, Edinburgh, 369 
Steinsone, Robert, Glasgow, 369 
Stephen, James, Old Meldrum, 369 
Stevenson, Adam, Dunfermline, 128, 
369 

Alexander, Edinburgh, 369 

David, Kilmarnock, 370 

William Hart, Edinburgh, 370 
Stewart, Alexander, Edinburgh, 370 

Alexander B., Kirkwall, 371 

Allan and Robert, Glasgow, 370 

Charles, Blairgowrie, 370 

Charles, Edinburgh, 370 

Francis, Brechin, 370 

George, Perth, 370 

James, Glasgow, 370 

John, Auchterarder, 370 

John, Dunbar, 371 

John, Edinburgh, 371 

John, Edinburgh, 371 

Robert, Blairgowrie, 371 

Robert, Glasgow, 371 

Thomas, Auchterarder, 371 
Steel or Stiell, John, Edinburgh, 12, 

170, 171, 372 

Still, William, Aberdeen, 372 
Stirling, Robert, Stirling, 372 



432 



INDEX 



Stirling, the Common Clock of the 

Burgh of, 372, 373, 374 
Stoddart, George, Edinburgh, 374 

James, Edinburgh, 374 

John, Edinburgh, 374 

Robert, Edinburgh, 374 
Strachan, Andrew, London, 374 
Straiton, Archibald, Edinburgh, 67, 88, 
147, 153,320, 372, 374, 375, 399 

David, Montrose, 375 
Strang, James, Glasgow, 375 

Robert, Alloa, 375 
Strauchan, Thomas, Edinburgh, 374 
Stuart, Alexander, Kirkwall, 375 
Sturrock, William, Edinburgh, 25, 26, 

375 
Sutherland, David, Keith, 375 

David, Leith, 375 

George, Elgin, 375 

George, Elgin, 375 

George, Stonehaven, 375 

James, Forres, 375 

John, Aberdeen, 375 

William, Wick, 376 
Sutor, William, Edinburgh, 67, 88, 165, 

376, 400 
Swan, George, Edinburgh, 376 

Sym, , Edinburgh, 376 

Symington, Andrew, Kettle, 377, 378 
Symsone, James, Dunfermline, 131, 378 

TAINSH, David, Crieff, 378 
Tait, Archibald, Edinburgh, 378 

Charles, Peebles, 378 

David, Edinburgh, 378 

William, Wigtown, 378 
Taylor, Charles, Kinross, 378 

James, Doune, 379 

James, Mormond, 379 

James, Strichen, 378 

James, Tillicoultry, 379 

Joseph, Perth, 379 

Joseph, Strichen, 379 

Thomas, Kinross, 379 

William, Dumfries, 379 
Telfer, Alexander, Aberdeen, 379 

Alexander, Glasgow, 379 

John, Glasgow, 379 

Samuel, Glasgow, 379 
Templeton, David, Maybole, 379 

James, Glasgow, 379 



Templeton, John, Ayr, 379 

M., Beith, 379 

Robert, Ayr, 379 

Thomas, Dalmellington, 379 
Theman, David, Aberdeen, I, 380 
Thibou, Jacques, Edinburgh, 327, 380 
Thompson, Andrew, Campbeltown 

380 
Thomson, Alexander, Edinburgh, 380 

Alexander, Keith, 380 

Alexander, Kirkwall, 380 

Andrew, Glasgow, 380 

Archibald, Edinburgh, 380 

Archibald, Edinburgh, 380 

David, Perth, 143, 380 

George, Edinburgh, 380 

George, Glasgow, 380 

George, Kilmarnock, 380 

James, Edinburgh, 380 

James, Leslie, 380 

John, Edinburgh, 381 

John, Edinburgh, 381 

John, sen., Leith, 381 

John, Leslie, 380 

John, Perth, 380, 381 

John, Stirling, 380 

Peter Neilus, Edinburgh, 381 

Robert, Bo'ness, 225, 381, 382 

Robert, Glasgow, 381 

William, Dalkeith, 382 

William, Edinburgh, 77, 299, 382 

William, Edinburgh, 382 

William, Perth, 382 
Thorkein, William, Edinburgh, 382 
Todd, Daniel, Glasgow, 382 

John, Dumfries, 382 

John, Glasgow, 382 

William, Glasgow, 382 
Torcher, Alexander, Greenlaw, 382 
Torry, Alexander, Banchory Ternan, 

382 

Toshach, Patrick, Perth, 383 
Tough, Rev. George, Ayton, 383, 384 
Townsend, Robert, Greenock, 384 

William, Greenock, 384 
Trotter, Alexander, Jedburgh, 384 

Robert, Leith, 384 
Tulloh, John, Nairn, 384 
Turnbull, John, Dunfermline, 385 

John, Edinburgh, 385 

John, Hawick, 385 



INDEX 



433 



Turnbull, Peter, Glasgow, 385 
Robert, Greenock, 385 
William, Edinburgh, 10, 34$, 385, 

386 

William, Inverkeithing, 386 
Turnbull & Aitchison, Edinburgh, 168, 
169, 201, 262, 274, 284, 385, 386, 

394 
Turnbull & Symson, Dunfermline, 386, 

387 
Turner, James, Edinburgh, 387 

URE, William, Cumbernauld, 387 

Urquhart, , Elgin, 387 

John, Perth, 387 

VEITCH, Robert, Edinburgh, 387 
William, Edinburgh, 387 
William, Haddington, 387 

WADDELL, John, Glasgow, 387 
Waldie, William, Dunse, 387 
Walker, James, Penicuik, 387 

James, Montrose, 388 

George, Edinburgh, 388 

Robert, Glasgow, 388 
Wallace, Andrew, Ayr, 388 

George, Prestonpans, 388 

John, Leven, 388 

John, Musselburgh, 388 

John, Paisley, 289, 388 

Robert, Forfar, 388 

William, Aberdeen, I, 388 
Wanhagan, Patrick, Aberdeen, 6, 388 
Wardlaw, James, Perth, 388 
Warren, George W., London, 25, 388 
Waters, William C., Milnathort, 388 
Watson, Alexander, Glasgow, 388 

David, Dundee, 388 

George, Edinburgh, 298, 388, 389 

James, Aberdeen, 389 

James, Edinburgh, 389 

John, Kirriemuir, 389 

Robert, Alyth, 389 

& Marshall, Edinburgh, 389 
Watt, James, Edinburgh, 389 

John, Irvine, 389 

Thomas & Co., Edinburgh, 389, 390 

& M'Alpine, Edinburgh, 390 
Walters, William, Inverness, 390 
Waugh, John, Wigton, 390 



Weatherburn, Robert, Berwick-on- 

Tweed, 390 
Webster, James, Edinburgh, 390 

John, Edinburgh, 390 

Thomas, Dundee, 390 

Wedderburn, , Tweedmouth, 390 

Weir, David, Glasgow, 390 

Robert, Lanark, 390 
Welsh, George, Dalkeith, 390 

John, Glasgow, 390 

Robert, Dalkeith, 391 
West, John, Riccarton, 391 
Wetherspon, Alexander, Haddington, 

391 

Whelar, Samuel, Glasgow, 391 
White, Andrew, Forres, 391 

George, Glasgow, 391 

James, Paisley, 391 

Robert, Edinburgh, 391 
Whitehead, Robert, Edinburgh, 391 
Whitelaw, Alexander, Edinburgh, 391 

David, Edinburgh, 391, 392, 393 

James, Edinburgh, 390, 393 

& Fletcher, Edinburgh, 393 
Whyte, Duncan, Oban, 393 
Whytock, Peter, Dundee, 393 
Wight, Andrew, Ayr, 393 
Wightman, Alexander, Moffat, 393 
Wild, F. J., Dundee, 393 
Wilkie, John, Cupar-Fife, 393 

Robert, Leven, 394 
Wilkinson, Joseph, Annan, 394 
Will, Alexander, Huntly, 394 
Williams, Peter, Dunfermline, 394 
Williamson, George, Leith, 394 

James, Dundee, 394 

John, Edinburgh, 394 

Robert, Falkirk, '394 

William, Banff, 37, 395 
Willox, Alexander, Aberdeen, 5, 6, 395 
Wilson, David, Beith, 395 

George, Edinburgh, 395 

Hugh, Edinburgh, 395 

James, Ettrick, 395 

James, Kelso, 395 

James, Turriff, 395 

John, Edinburgh, 396 

John, Oban, 396 

P., Keith, 396 

T. H., Edinburgh, 396 

Thomas, Stewarton, 396 



434 



INDEX 



Wilson, Thomas, Edinburgh, 396 

William, Auchterless, 396 
Winter, Robert, Edinburgh, 397 
Wiseman, James, Hamilton, 397 
Wither spoon, Alexander, Edinburgh, 

397, 398 

Alexander, Tranent, 398 
Wood, Alexander, Stirling, 398 

Alexander, Glasgow, 398 
Wotherspoon, John, Glasgow, 398 
Wright, Walter, Ecclefechan, 398 

W 7 illiam, Dunbar, 398 
Wylie, David, Greenock, 398 

George, Dumfries, 398 

William, Edinburgh, 398 

William, Stromness, 399 
Wyllie, Alexander, Edinburgh, 399 

Alfred, Dumfries, 399 

YEAMAN, James, Edinburgh, 399 

John, Edinburgh, 399 
Youl, George, Edinburgh, 399 
Young, Archibald, Dundee, 399 

Charles, Perth, 142, 151, 163, 399 



Young, James, Dundee, 399 
James, Edinburgh, 399 
James, Edinburgh, 399 
James, Perth, 152, 259, 283, 319, 369. 

399 

John, Glasgow, 399 

John G., Dundee, 400 

Malcolm, Edinburgh, 400 

Malcolm, Perth, 400 

Patrick, Forfar, 400 

Samuel, Perth, 400 

Thomas, Dundee, 400 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 400 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 400 

Thomas, Edinburgh, 400 

Thomas, Perth, 400 

William, Auchtergaven, 400 

William, Dundee, 400 

William, Perth, 370, 400 

William, Stirling, 400 
Yuil, Thomas, Castle Douglas, 400 
Yuill, Robert, Glasgow, 400 
Yule, James, Castle Douglas, 400 



NAMES OF MAKERS FURTH OF SCOTLAND 
OCCURRING IN TEXT. 



ADDISON, Joseph, London, 339 
Allan, David, London, 188 

, London, 146 

Anderson, A., London, 40 
Appley, Edmund, London, 245 

Beaunett, , London, 36 

Bennett, T., London, 15 
Berness, T., London, 9 
Berress, T., London, 19 
Berry, John, London, 385 
Bond, Jo, London, 146 

Bracebridge, , London, 309 

Bradly, L., London, 67, 136 
Bradshaw & Ryley, Coventry, 87 
Breguet, A. L., Paris, 22 
Brown, John, London, 89 
Butt, H., London, 186 

Capt, Hry., Geneve, 263 

Charleson , London, 234 

Cheshe, Da, London, 384 

Churchill, , London, 189 

Clarke, Geo., London, 186 
Clay, C., London, 146 

Coburn, , London, 146 

Creak, George, London, 74 
William, London, 337 

Davidson, C., London, 112 

Dent, , London, 69 

Denton, Joseph, Hull, 39 
Deschurines, , London, 287 

Edmonds, D., Liverpool, 283 

Ellis, , London, 95 

Etheriogton, , London, no 

Gabyd, James, London, 51 
Garrison, Tobe, Ipswich, 370 



Gibson, , Alnwick, 37 

Gibited, John, London, 234 

Godemars, , France, 183 

Grafton, T., London, 186 
Graham, George, London, 42 
Gratton, C., London, 146 

Qregory, , Dublin, 305 

Greenwood, J., London, 399 

Haines, Fra, London, 163 
Harvey, Thomas, London, 108 
Hastings, David, Alnwick, ill 
Herbert, R., London, 321 
Hill, Thomas, London, 83 
Hosken, B., London, 186 

Innes, Robt, London, 202 

Jackson, , London, 267 

Johnston, James, Liverpool, 208 

Kentish, jun., London, 183 

Lamb, John, London, 331 

Lament, , London, 132 

Laudern, John, London, 146 
Lasturgeon, David, London, 94 

Lemoyne, , London, 370 

Liptrot, William, London, 287 

Marshall, Daniell, Wakefield, 384 
M'Lennan, K., London, 186 
Millington & Co., Salop, 391 
Milton, John, London, 381 
Molinier & Baute, Geneva, 203 
Moore, Thomas, London, 384 

Parker, R., London, 132 

P., London, 393 
Parsons, T., London, 186 



435 



436 



INDEX 



Phillips, , London, 112 

Preston, N., London, 40 
Prior, Matthew, London, 208 

Quare, London, 153, 326 

Reid, James, London, 208 
Rentzsch, R. S., London, 192 

Rerxoll, , Liverpool, 133 

Richardson, B., London, 40, 41 

Romilly, , Geneva, 22 

Roumieu, P., Rouen, 325 
Roy, Julian le, Paris, 22 
Peter le, London, 309 

Sanderson, R., London, 85 
Slight, George H., London, 25 
Soley, Jos., London, 195 
Steel, J., London, 336 
E., Whitehaven, 371 
Stellas, John, London, 66 



Stroud, Thomas, London, 99 
Sykes, Thos., London, 186 

Tayler, Jasper, London, 266 
Taylor, Benj., London, 186 
Thompson, Charles, London, 54 

Upjohn, James, London, 331 

Vaucher, Mons., Paris, 22 
Versen, Charles, Paris, 89 
Vieyres and Aubert, London, 203 
Vulliamy, B. L., London, 22 

Walker, D., London, 88 
Charles, Coventry, 51 
Wallfo, J., London, 146 
Warne, James, London, 208 
Williamson, D., London, 40 
Willis, J., Brighthampton, 146 
Winter, Thomas, London, 204 
Woods, , Shrewsbury, 10 



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