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Grand Traverse Region 

Compiled by 


Price 50 Cents 



of the 

Grand Traverse Region 

Established in 185 6 
by Hannah, Lay & Co. 

Traverse City State Bank 

Largest, Oldest and Strongest 
Banking Institution in North- 
western Michigan. 


"The Weather Man" 

Pioneer of 1850. Horn Fairfield, Vermont, .lulv 21, liS34. Was in the eini)l(n- of 
first, Sniitlisonian Institution; second, the War Department; third, the Avi:riitdtural Depart- 
ment; fourth, the Michii^an State Board of Health as .\ieterolo,«;ieal ( )t)server. Furnished 
weather reports, weekly to the (irand Traverse Herald, daily to the Record and Record - 
Ea^le since 1876, and the ice record since 1851. 

The first recorded weather reports were furnished monthlv to the "Herald" by Miss 
Leonora Phillips of Whitewater, commencing December, 1858. The next were furnished 
weekly to the "Herald" commencing December 1, 1859, by lolin F. Oram. 

/ /- / y V 


A Historical and Chronological Record 

Together with Personal Experiences and Reminiscences of Members 
OF THE Old Settlers of the Grand Traverse Region 

The "Early Histories" were taken from Page's History of the 

Grand Traverse Region and from 

Personal Memory 

// ivoiild have ,Q,iven us Great Pleasure to have Published in Full all Contributions 

sent in but in Order to Keep Within Bojinds, have had 

to Curtail Some of Them. 

We Hereby Wish to Express Our Sincere Thanks to all those 

WHO have Willingly and Generously^ Furnished Material 

AND Assisted Us in the Compilation of the Work 

Compiled by 


Copyright 1918, by S. E. Wait 


1918 J 



Date President Place of Meeting 

1884 .John McDonald Elk Rapids 

1885 • John McDonald Elk Rapids 

1886 Alexander Campbell Elk Rapids 

1887 James McLaughlin Elk Rapids 

1888 No meeting held this year 

1889 • • • .John McDonald Elk Rapids 

1890 W. H. Fife Elk Rapids 

1891 J. O. Bloodgood Elk Rapids 

1892 J. O. Bloodgood Elk Rapids 

1893 James McLaughlin Elk Rapids 

1894 James McLaughlin Elk Rapids 

1895 James McLaughlin Traverse City 

1896 ..Perry Hannah Traverse City 

1897 E. L. Spragne Traverse City 

1898 J- J- McLaughlin Elk Rapids 

1899 J. H. Monroe Traverse City 

1900 H. K. Brinkman Old Mission 

1901 T. T. Bates Traverse City 

1902 J. J- McLaughlin Elk Rapids 

1903 George A. Craker Northport 

1904 Major Green .Charlevoix 

1905 H. O. Rose Petoskey 

1906 -J. H, Monroe Traverse City 

1907 *R. W. Bagot Elk Rapids 

1908 Dr. W. M. Payne Suttons Bay 

1909 C. H. Estes .Traverse City 

1910 W. S. Anderson Traverse City 

1911 Hon. James Greacen Kalkaska 

1912 A. V. Friedrich Traverse City 

1913 Hon. W, W. Smith Traverse City 

1914 Dr. W. M. Payne Suttons Bay 

1915 Will R. Pratt Old Mission 

1916 W. L. Case ..Benzonia 

1917 VV. S. Anderson. Traverse Ciiy 

1918 Archibald Buttars Charlevoix 

^Was to preside; died before meeting. 

JUN 17 Ibib 




The name of this Association shall be "The Old Settlers' Association of the Grand 
Traverse Region." 


-jO The officers of the Association shall be a President, four Vice Presidents, or one from 

each organized county within the territory embraced by this Association, a Recording 
Secretary or Historian at large, four Historians or one from each organized county. 


The object of this Association is for the purpose of collecting and preserving historical, 
biographical or other information in relation to the past, present and future of this territory. 


This Association shall embrace within its limits the territory now within the limits of 
the organized counties of Antrim, Grand Traverse, Kalkaska and Charlevoix. 


The annual subscription of voting male members of this Association shall not be less 
than 50 cents nor more than one dollar as may be required b}' the by-laws. 


Any person who has resided within the limits of said counties of Antrim, Grand 
Traverse, Kalkaska and Charlevoix for 20 years may become a member of this Association 
on subscribing to the articles of said Association and paying the membership fee as pre- 
scribed by the b\'-laws, but no member shall be entitled to vote or hold office unless 21 
years of age. 


That all persons living in any township of the territory included in the limits of this 
organization who have inhabited such township during the first ten 3'ears of its settlement 
may, by payment of the fees and conforming to the rules of this organization, on applica- 
tion become a member of the same. 


The annual meeting of this .Association shall be held at Elk Rapids on the first 
Tuesday of March in each year, at which time the President, .Secretaries and Treasurer 
shall each present full written reports, officers shall be elected for the ensuing year and 
general business may be transacted. Special meetings may be called as the by-laws may 


These articles of association may be amended at any regular meeting bv a two-thirds 
vote of all the members present, provided that the proposed amendment shall have been 
tiled in writing with the Recording Secretary and notice thereof given at the last preceding 
meeting and not less than one month prior to the time when the proposed amendments 
shall be called up for action. By-laws may be ma-de, altered or amended at an}' meeting 
on like conditions as to tiling and notice by a majority vote of members present at any 
regular meeting. By-laws may be temporarily suspended by a unanimous vote of the 
members present at any meeting. 


The working Committee shall be appointed by the Vice Presidents from each county 
respectively and shall consist of one member from each organized township within the 
limits of the association. Names and addresses of said committee to be reported to the 
Recording Secretary at each annual meeting. 


The Executive Committee shall be composed of the Pi-esident, four Vice Presidents 
and Recording Secretary. 


Article six of this Constitution is hereby amended so as to read: "Anv person who 
has resided within the limits of said counties of Antrim, Grand Traverse, Kalkaska and 
Charlevoix for sixteen vears may become a member of this Association on subscribing to 
the articles of said Association and paying the membership fee as prescribed by the by-laws, 
but no member shall be entitled to vote or hold office unless 21 years of age." 


The annual meeting of this Association shall be held on the first Wednesday of June 
of each year at such place as may be designated by a vote of the members present at the 
annual meeting the year previous, at which time the President, Secretaries and Treasurer 
shall each present a full written report. The officers shall be elected for the ensuing year 
and general business may be transacted. Several meetings may be called as the by-laws 



The President shall be the presiding officer at all meetings of the Association. He 
shall be ex-officio chairman of the Executive Committee, shall countersign all warrants 
drawn by the Recording Secretary upon the Treasurer for accounts that have been audited 
and allowed by the Executive Committee and shall perform such other duties as usually 
pertain to such office of such Associations. 


The Recording Secretary shall keep an accurate record of all proceedings of the 
Association and of the Executive Committee, in books to be provided for that purpose, and 
he shall record the articles of association at length in a book provided for that purpose. 
The said articles each member shall sign, giving place and date of birth, place and date of 
first residence within the limits of the territory of this Association, present residence, with 
blanks for date and place of death. This blank to be filled bv said Secretary at the death 
of anv member. He shall record and safely keep all papers, documents and material that 
may belong to =aid Association. He shall draw all warrants on the Treasurer and shall 
take and preserve proper vouchers for accounts paid. He shall perform such other duties 
as the Association by vote may require or the Executive Committee may direct. 


The Treasurer shall have custodv of all the moneys and funds of the Association, 
shall safelv keep the same, shall pav all warrants drawn on him by the Recording Secretary 
and countersigned bv the President, shall keep a full account of all receipts and disburse- 
ments and shall make a full report thereof at each annual meeting and at all other times 
when required to do so by the Executive Committee, shall give bond to said Association in 
such sum and with such securities as the Executive Committee may require. 


The Executive crommittee shall have the general management of the afTairs of this 
Association in pursuance of the articles of association, the by-laws, the votes and resolutions 
of said Association. Thev may call extra or special meetings of the Association at such 
time and place and for such purpose as they may deem advisable ( not inconsistent with the 
articles of association ) , first giving not less than one month's notice of the same by pub- 
lishing in one or more newspapers within the said counties. The Association may by vote 
direct the time and place of holding one or more social gatherings annually. Notice of the 
same snail be published as before provided. 


The Corresponding Secretary or Historian at Large shall conduct all correspondence 
of said Association and be the organ of communication between the Association and the 
Countv Historians, and shall perform such other duties as may be assigned to him by a vote 
of said Association or by direction of the lilxecutive Committee. 


County Historians shall be the local organs of this Association. With them rests the 
.success in collections for the Association, of books, pamphlets or papers containing incidents 
of the early historv of these counties, incidents of pioneer life, relics and curiosities of any 


The Vice Presidents shall assist the ['resident at all meetings and in the absence of 
the President at anv meeting one of the Vice Presidents shall preside. 'I'hey are expected 
to be especially active in their respective counties in promoting the objects of this Associa- 


Vacancies in any of the offices may be filled by the Executive Committee, to serve the 
unexpired term. 


No officer of this Association sliall receive anv pecuniarv compensation for his or lier 


Each member of this Association shall pav lo the Treasurer a membership fee of one- 
half dollar and annual dues of fifty cents, due after January 1, 1884. 

The first original poem "A Vision," that was written in the Grand Traverse 
region was published in the Grand Traverse Herald February 4, 1859. It was 
written at Elk Rapids by Rev. D. R. Latham, the pioneer Methodist minister, 
who organized the first Methodist class in Traverse City April 11, 1858. He 
wrote several articles including this poem for the Herald which were signed 


It was night around Grand Traverse Bay and the bracing northern breeze 
Swept wildly through the forest aisles and the lofty maple trees; 
In pensive mood I wandered forth in the moonlight clear and cold 
To meditate, where the brumal waves sonorous music rolled. 

And as I gazed at the twinkling stars in yonder boundless blue. 

Where the silver moon cut the snowy mist which her endless path lay through. 

While Nature seemed to hold commune for awhile with Nature's God, 

A sprite drew near to the sandy beach as it on the waters trod. 

Then striking the earth with a magic wand she bade a vision rise 
Of cities and towns, and rural scenes, before my wondering eyes 
The sound of coming footsteps, heard in the corridors of time. 
Echoed through the spirit chambers of my soul in a voice sublime. 

I heard the axe of the pioneer ring out in the dense old wood, 
And soon 'mid the charred and massive stumps a pretty village stof)d; 
The click of sharp-toothed saws I heard as the board and plank were torn 
From the native pine, by ruthless hands, and away to market borne. 

The school-boy's laugh seemed low and far, like the sound of busy bees. 
As home he hied through woodlands wild and the green and branching trees. 
A voice unearthly echoed shrill, I turned to behold the source. 
And saw approach the steamy breath of the tireless iron horse. 

I heard the hum of the imigrant and the Anglo-Saxon's tread. 

And cities stood where the wigwam erst had covered the red man's head. 

Each lofty tree now seemed a spire or a smoking chimney top 

Where the engine labored with iron arms in a huge machinist's shop. 

And then in my vision I gazed again where the Boardman river laves 

Its crystal waters clear and cool in the wild Grand Traverse waves. 

The gaslight gleamed— for I thought 'twas night— and the sound of busy feet 

Was heard as they passed with hurried steps along the crowded street. 

And the Newsboys's voice with nasal twang, as he entered the well-filled car, 
With the latest news "by telegraph,'' "direct from the seat of war," 
Called out "Will you have a paper, sir? The Herald," as thus he said, 
I sought to obtain a copy, but that moment the vision fled. 

— Rambler. 

Pioneer of 1851 

The name of ^'erry Hannah has been synonymous with Traverse City and the Grand 
Traverse Kei^ion. He was born in Krie County, Pa , September 22, 1824, the second son of 
L. and Anna Hannah. They were farmers and on the death of the mother in 1827, the 
father came to Port Huron and afterward to St. Clair where he died in 1862. When he was 
13 years old Perry joined his father in Michigan assisting: him in the himbering operations 
in which he was engaged. Prom his 18th to his 21st year he was in the employ of John 
Wells in the dry goods trade in Port Huron. In 1846 he went to Chicago and was in the 
employ of Jacob Beidler in the lumber business. By the aid of his employer he became the 
senior partner of Hannah, Lay & I'o. 

In 1852 Perry Hannah was married to Miss Anna Flint, who died in 1898, leaving two 
daughters and one son. Hattie, wife of J. F. Keeney, Julius T., who married Elsie Raff, 
and Claribel, wife of Geo. VV. Gardner. Mr. Hannah's subsequent career is shown in the 
history of the firm which appears in the pages of this work. He died August 13, 1904. 


Pioneer of IK^l 

The part Hon. A. Tracy Lay has played in the buildin.^ of Traverse City and the 
Grand Traverse region [is historv. Born in Batavia, Genesee Countv, New York, June 18, 
1825, he attended school there until he was sixteen years old, when he began work as clerk 
in a country store. In ISi"^, he went to Chicago, and next year engaged in the lumbering 
business at the corner of Jack.son and Canal streets, and at this time formed the partnership 
with Perry Hannah, that continued until the latter's death. 

In 1853, assisted by a civil engineer named Whelpley, Mr. Lay laid out the towni of 
Traverse City, and thus became the virtual founder of this prosperous municipality. In the 
same year was atiected the segregation and formal organization of Grand Traverse County. 

At the time Mr. Lay and Mr. Hannah came toTraverse City, an arrangement was 
made whereby each would devote six months of the year to their interests here, and the 
balance in Chicago, where they maintained their homes. This arrangement was pursued 
for some time, but was finally abandoned. Nevertheless, Mr. Lay frequently visited 
Traverse City until five 5'ears ago, when he made his last visit. His health has not since 
permitted of the long trip. 

He married at Batavia, N. Y., February 20, 1855, Miss Katherine Smith, daughter of 
Rev. Lucius Smith of the Episcopal church. Mr. and Mrs. Lay had four daughters— the 
two living are Olive, wife of the late Col. Chas. A. H. McCauley, U. vS. A., and Katherine, 
wife of R. Floyd Clinch. Mrs. Lay died February 27, 1907. Mr. Lay died March 19, 1918. 


() L D 

S E T T L P: R S 

() K 

'1" H E 


At the mouth of Boardman River, Traverse City, where the Indians camped on their way to the 

liuckleberry plains. 


Hy Minnie Wmt Nicholson 

Tracing the occupancy of Grand Traverse region, we find, in an account 
of the traditions of the Indians told by Chief Mac-a-de-pe-nassv, who has 
visited at our house on many occasions, that murder in cold blood among the 
Indians was rare before they knew the plague of firewater; the only instance 
extant in this state being at the Straits of Mackinac. A foolish young Ottawa, 
while in dispute over his nets, stabbed a Chippewa. The latter tribe was so 
incensed over the outrage that a bloody war was threatened. After many 
councils, the Chippewas demanding bloodshed, and the Ottawas desiring com- 
promise, ihe matter was finally settled by the Ottawas ceding a desirable part 
of their country to the Chippewas for a vast hunting ground. This seemed to 
appease the wrath of the Chippewas, and the district now known as our Grand 
Traverse Region was the tract given by this treaty. All rivers and streams in 
the Lower Peninsula, in which to trap beaver, mink, otter, and muskrat, were 
also ceded. 

A noted Chippewa Chief, We-we-gen-deby, was the first settler in this 
tract; this w as about 250 years ago. One day as he was roaming the forests 
of the newly acquired hunting grounds he discovered a shining copper kettle 
nearly imbedded in the roots of a tree. It had a bright spot on the bottom as 
though it had never been used, and was so large that a whole deer or bear 
could be cooked in it. The Chief gazed in awe upon it as direct from some 
mighty Manitou, and gathered his people to the place where it was discovered, 
in this way founding the first settlement. This manitou-au-kick, or god-kettle, 
as it was called, was kept as a sacred relic to the tribe and was securely hidden 
in a little-frequented part of the forest where it remained, being brought forth 
only for sacred feasts, as it was supposed to have been made by some deity 
who presided over this particular region. The kettle was of peculiar build, 
having neither rim or bail, showing that it was not of Indian manufacture and 
dated back to some pre-historic race. When the Indians of this region became 


civilized they began using: this manitou-au-kick more commonly, the awe sur- 
rounding it having somewhat lessened, it was used for boiling maple sugar. 
A rim and bail were added in 1840 at the Government blacksmith shop at Old 
Mission, now a pretty summer resort about eighteen miles from Traverse City 
on the peninsula. My father remembers seeing this magic kettle in his boy- 
hood days at OJd Mission. 

In the County of Emmet was a smaU tribe known as the Prairie or Mush- 
co-desh Indians. They were of Algonquin stock, were peaceable and never 
known to go on the war path. The Ottawas were friends of this tribe, in fact 
they called themselves brothers, but through the love of war the Ottawas came 
to be condemned by this little tribe. The noted Ottawa Chief, Saw-ge-maw, 
when on one of his western war trips met with great disaster; many of his 
warriors were killed, and on returning home they approached a Mush-co-desh 
village in a canoe. Saw-ge-maw said to his few remaining warriors, "Let us 
take our sad news to our relatives, the Mush-co-desh." So, as they approached 
the shore they began an unearthly wailing or dirge of the warriors. When the 
Mush-co-desh heard it, instead of joining in sympathy, they thought it a good 
time to show the Ottawas how they regarded their marauding expeditions, so 
they rolled up ashes in leaves and threw at the grief-stricken Ottawas. The 
most terrible battle ever fought in this region was the outcome. Tradition 
says that this was the greatest slaughter or massacre that the Ottawas ever 
committed. The place where the doomed village stood is now known by an 
opening in the dense forest near Cross Village. The result of this battle was 
almost the extinction of the Mush-co-desh, thirty or fifty thousand in number, 
and a firmer hold by the Ottawas on the region. There soon came to be per- 
manent settlements at Cross Village, Middle Village and Harbor Springs, all 
within sixty-five miles of Traverse City; besides wigwams singly and in 
groups, scattered at intervals all along the shore. Old orchards and gardens 
are still in existence on the peninsula in our bay, also at the little resort, 
Omena, twenty-five miles from here, at Norwood and Leland, about the same 
distance. Fruit trees of this early planting are now found in the young forests, 
relics of a race that is disappearing. 

The Indian built his gardens on the high lands back of his village and 
raised corn, pumpkins, beans and potatoes. Some wild fruits were cultivated 
and the apple seed he obtained from the Jesuits. Some of these trees I have 
seen are sturdy old landmarks, though their fruit-bearing days are over. 

The quaint villages were made up of dwellings of various sizes and 
shapes; the most substantial consisting of a frame of cedar poles covered with 
cedar bark. Some of these were fifty or sixty feet long, and places for three 
fires. Then there were the lighter dwellings consisting of frames of poles 
covered with mats, some cone-shaped and some convex at the lop. The mats 
were made ten to twelve feet long, of long slender leaves of the cat-tail flag. 
They were often used as traveling tents, being light and easy to carry in 
expeditions. In the woods, even in winter the Indians sometimes lived in 
temporary wigwams of evergreen boughs. The houses were windowless, the 
fire being built on the ground in the center, furnishing light and warmth. If 
the lodge was long, these fires were built in rows, holes in the roof serving as 
a chimney. A raised platform covered with elaborately colored woven mats 
along the sides of the room, was used as a seat during the day and a sleeping 
place at night. Some of these mats were beautifully ornamented in colors and 
were made of rushes from shallow lakes, woven together with twine made 
from the bark of the slippery-elm or basswood and were about six to eight feet 
long by four feet wide. 

Though the Red Man hunted at all times, winter was the season best 
adapted to the pursuit; then a greater part of the population left the villages 
and scattered through the dense forests along our chains .of lakes, embarking 

12 O L I) S E T T 1> E R S O F '1' H E 

in canoes. Several families had their winter camping grounds at Boardman 
Lake, within the present limits of Traverse City. 

The women remained here while the hunters went into the forest solitudes 
bringing back the spoils of the chase several times during the winter. The 
hunting camps were always on the banks of river or l:ike. 

While her brave was in the depths of the forest and the cold wind shrieked 
through the fir trees, the busy squaw wove the rush and corn husk mats for 
her home. She tanned the deerskins and shaped them into clothing for her 
family; she cured the soft rich furs for rugs and wraps, plaited splint baskets 
and rolled the wild hemp on her thigh and twisted it into twine for fish nets. 
She dressed the game and smoked the venison her Indian brave brought back 
to the lodge, and she carried her papoose on her back wherever she went. It 
was considered a disgrace for the Indian to perform menial labor. The wife 
was expected to do all that was necessary for his comfort and pleasure, leaving 
him free to hunt and fish and battle with his enemies. 

There were many trails throughout the dense forest in this section, in fact, 
those were the only roads in the early days. I have heard pioneers tell of the 
time when, to follow one of these trails, they threw themselves from one side 
of the horse to the other to escape the rough bark of the trees, so winding 
were they. It is said that they were marked by bending down the branches of 
the young trees and tying them with hemp cord until the trees grew in this 
contorted fashion. The southern tribes are said to trace their trails by the 
heavy vines which they weave into the forms of serpents. On this street, 
almost across from the Methodist Church is one of those contorted trees, and 
further up the street is ancjther that marked a trail to Grand Rapids. There 
was also a prominent trail along the river bank, just back of this church which 
followed the river and then struck off into the dense forest. 

When the white man first visited the Indians in their winter homes, they 
were surprised at their social customs. They were fond of visiting, and it was 
the aim of each family to excel the others in spreading the finest feasts. If one 
brave was more successful than his neighbor in bringing home game, or fish, 
he prepared a feast to which everyone in the village was invited, the meal was 
prolonged with cheerful conversation and stories of personal adventure; the 
women listened but took no part. After the feast they went to their lodges 
leaving the men to finish with a quiet smoke. 

Often as the kettle boiled over the cheerful fire, wild stories were told of 
necromancy and witchcraft, men transformed to beasts and beasts to men, of 
malignant sorceresses dwelling among the lonely isles of spell-bound lakes, 
and evil manitous lurking in the woods. To the Indian all nature was instinct 
with deity; the sun was a god and the moon was a goddess. Conflicting 
powers of good and evil ruled the universe, Our Bible story of the ark is 
among their traditions, the ark being a huge canoe. 

Sometimes in the evening about the fire, weird dances would be indulged 
in; medicine dances, fire dances, corn dances accompanied by frightful noises 
and beating on bark and skin drums. One of their spring feasts and merry- 
makings was called the Sweetwater dance, held in the maple grove in the 
spring before the trees were tapped for sap. It was a religious as well as 
social festival. Prayer was offered for an abundant flow of sap and success in 
gathering and boiling it. The Indians are very fond of maple sugar, and 
made quite an industry of preparing it. 

I shall have little time to dwell upon the language of the Ottawas and 
Ghippewas. It is simple, having few forms; instead of many words, prefixei- 
and suffixes are used, making the words appear long and the language -compls 

G RAND T R A \' E R S E R E G I O N 13 

cated. Some words are used as adjectives as well as adverbs, such as "mino," 

good, right or well. 

As a child I remember our Indians always with a blanketed head and 
moccasined feet, with their bags of basswood bark fibre strapped across the 
forehead, selling baskets and speaking not a word of English. Now they come 
dressed as the white men bringing their baskets to the merchants and speak- 
ing good English. One misses the picturesqueness of the old ways, but the 
advance is not only in dress, it is in the mind as well and means enlightenment. 


The earliest date in regard to mail service in this region is found in the 
diaries of Rev. George N. Smith, a Congregational minister who arrived at 
the Grand Traverse region June, 1849, when under date of July 2, writes of 
the first ehtry of mail. "John Campbell, the government blacksmith of Old 
Mission, accompanied by his son-in-law, H. K. Cowles, arrived at the Ottawa 
mission,' conducted by Mr. Smith at Waukazooville (Northport) with^mail 
consisting of two letters and the religious paper^"The Evangelist" and "The 
Youth's 'Cabinet," evidently the first name of "The Youth's Companion." 
They came across the bay from the mission conducted by Rev<^^ Peter 
Dougherty and returned the same way carrying two letters, one to the 'Evan- 
gelisl," and the other a corrected weather report for the Smithsonian Institute 
at Washington. These letters were forwarded from Old Mission to M^ackinaw 
and from there to their destination by way of Saginaw." August 27, nearly 
two months later, mail again arrived from Mackinaw by boat direct by Indian 
messenger "Ponite," bearing a letter of instruction to the missionary inform- 
ing the settlements that the coming Indian payment by the government would 
be made at Mackinaw. Heralds were sent out to carry the message to all 
Ottawas of the region. No mention of mail is made again until October 6, 
when Mr. Smith went by boat to Old Mission where they held a meeting of the 
citizens "to petition for a postoflfice and for the organization of a town." Mail 
did not arrive in the north again until Joseph Thacker arrived May 3, 1850, 
with several letters, returning May 7 for Detroit with the outgoing mail. The 
following day Chief Shob-wa-sung arrived with one letter. Mail arrived at 
long intervals until December 11, 1850, when Rev. Smith settled the postotlice 
bill for the past vear, found the whole $4.01. Had previously paid $1.20. so 
paid in settlement $2.81. Took receipt for $4.00. "Left $2.00 with John 
Campbell to send to the Youth's Cabinet for the current year." Little mail 
arrived in the region in the winter of 1851 until the first of April through the 
unfaithfulness of the contractor at Saginaw. Mr. Whitcher brought this mail 
and received $2 toward carrying it the past winter and 20 cents for two letters 
brought at this time. 

Now the mail began straggling in by messenger and by vessels entermg 
the bay, among which were the Merrill of Northport, the Arrow, Capt. Michael 
Fitzgerald of Old Mission, the Venus, Capt. Peter Nelson, the Yankee of Mack- 
inaw"^ and the Cherokee, of Racine, Wis. The Michigan, the first steamerto 
enter the bay, came April 14, 1851, and brought much news from the outside 


The first mails were brought from Mackinaw and probably the first man to 
distribute mail in the Grand Traverse region was Lewis Miller at Old Mission. 
The postoflfice was not formally established until 1851, when W. R. Stone of 
Old Mission was appointed the first postmaster with no salary, the location 
being in the little log house where he lived with his family, the mail being 
kept in a raisin box nailed to the wall. 


The mail carrier at first was an Indian who was taken by boat across the 
bay to a point north of Elk Rapids, from which place he took his northerly 
jaunt of a hundred miles. On his return he built a monster bonfire to sig^nal 
his safety, and the postmaster then made arrangements to go across after him. 
There were no postage stamps, the carrier receiving 25 cents per letter directly 
from the writer. William Davenport, of Mackinaw Island, was one of the later 
mail carriers, his route being between his island home and this postoffice at 
Grand Traverse, a trip being made every two weeks. His outfit for the winter 
trip consisted of four large hound dogs and a toboggan sledge, capable of 
carrying heavy loads. A stop was always made over night at Beaver Island 
when Lake Michigan was frozen over, where crowds greeted the messenger to 
hear news of the outside world. 

In the spring of 1852 a squad of twenty Indians with the same number of 
dogs came from the upper peninsula on their way to Croton 120 miles south 
of Grand Traverse, where they were to get the U. S. mail accumulated there 
for them during the winter. They returned past the post of the Grand Traverse 
region, the Indians on snow shoes walking in single file ahead of the dog 
trains so that the progress of the dogs might be made easy. From six to 
eight dogs were harnessed to a sledge in tandem style upon which were 
strapped the mail bags and supplies. As a precautionary measure one trust- 
worthy Indian walked behind the train to see that all was well. 

Ann Dakin, a servant in the boarding house of Hannah, Lay & Co., was 
a visitor at her home at Old Mission at the time and to her fell the lot of 
bringing back the long-sought mail. Fully one hundred pounds were strapped 
to her back with which she walked alone to Traverse City. 

In the winter of 1852-3 Mr. A. T. Lay made a trip to Washington and was 
successful in obtaining a postoffice at the head of the bay. The name at Old 
Mission was Grand Traverse. In consultation with the postoffice department 
it was decided to change the name of the Grand Traverse office to Old Mission 
and cut off Grand and add City to Traverse and call the one at the head of the 
bay Traverse City. The mail arriving now came from the south instead of 
from the north, Indian "Jake" Ta-pa-sah packing it over the Indian trail on foot, 
Mr .Lay taking the first year's contract for $400 per year. Before the expiration 
of the year the increase in mail nearly doubled and Hugh McGilHs was engaged 
to carry by the aid of a horse — he cutting the first road from here to Herring 
creek on the lake shore road. The road from the south led along the lake 
shore, past White Hall, Ludington, Manistee to Sleeping Bear point, thence 
through the woods connecting with the road made by Hugh McGillis. 

Dr. D. C. Goodale, who arrived in April, was appointed the first post- 
master with Henry D. Campbell assistant. In 1861 a change of administration 
caused a corresponding change in the postoffice and Henry D. Campbell 
succeeded to the office. Chas. H. Marsh succeeded H. D. Campbell. Others 
will be mentioned later. 

For four years previous to the opening of the G. R. & I. railroad from Big 
Rapids Henry D. Campbell undertook the herculean task of transporting the 
bulky pouches and freight and passenger traffic from Big Rapids to Traverse 
City, ninety-six miles away. 

William F. Harsha drove the stage from Big Rapids every day for two 
years. He was succeeded by his brother John G. Harsha, who drove the stage 
from Cadillac to Traverse City for a number of years. Among the drivers of 
this famed stage route were William Newman, Jerome Schell and William 

The following is a complete list of the local postmasters from 1853: 
Dr. D. C. Goodale, H. D. Campbell, Chas. H. Marsh, Rev. H. P. Barker, S. C. 
Fuller. Thos. T. Bates, M. E. Haskell, E. L. Sprague, George W. Raff. A. V. 
Friedrich, Geo. W. Raff, O. P. Carver, Frank Friedrich, Emanuel Wilhelm. 






Assistant Postmaster 


Prior to 1850, the region north of the Muskegon river was an unbroken 
wilderness with but one postoffice, located at what is now known as Old 
M^slon The nearest office to the south was at Croton, on the Muskegon 
river a distance of 120 miles, and to the north the nearest office was located 
at Mackinaw and more than 100 miles had to be covered m order to reach this 

^°'"Mail was transported by Indians over Indian Trails from Croton to Old 
Mission and Mackinaw and so it was very irregular and uncertam, particularly 
durTng the winter season. The Traverse City Post Office was established in 
1853 with semi-monthly mail service; the late Dr. D. C. Goodale was appoint- 
ed Postmaster and the first U. S. Mail received consisted of ^^even letters^ and a 
few newspapers. However the office began to grow until in 1872 to 1874 when 
two clerks were required to take care of the increased business, with Mr. b. C. 
Fulle presiding as Postmaster. Mr. Myron E. Haskell soon made his appear- 
ance as clerk in the office and it was not long before it became apparent to the 
Postmaster that Mr. Haskell could handle about all the work, and so h. let 
him do it and gave the other clerk a long vacation. About this time there 
we^e seven stage routes going out of here to such places as Northport, Empire 
Glen Haven. Elk Rapids, Old Mission, Frankfort, Cheboygan, etc., and durmg 
two and a h;if years Mr. Haskell opened every pouch of mail that was received 
and closed every pouch that was dispatched, workmg from 5 a. m. until 10 or 

^^ ^ The^ gmss receipts of the office were about $4000 per year at that time and 
it may be said that this was the foundation upon which was constructed a 
business that developed from year to year until it has ^^^f.^^ed its present pro- 
portions. The Traverse City Post Office at the present time is doing a busi 
ness of over $44,000 annually, and so holds the position of First Class with 



twenty-one other post offices in the state of Michigan. Recently this has been 
made the "Central Accounting Office'' for Grand Traverse Countv and a depos- 
itory for this whole northern region which includes over sixty of the smaller 
offices and the business is constantly increasing. There are twenty-eight 
employed in this office at present with a monthly pay roll of more than $3000. 
One of the oldest employes is Mr. Haskell who has been identified with the 
office for more than a quarter of a century, and many people would feel that 
they had not been in the building if he did not maks'his appearance, and to his 
credit may be said that he is one of the best posted men on Postal Laws and 
Regulations in the State of Michigan. The constantly increasing business of 
the office is being well taken care of by the present postmaster, Emanuel 
Wilhelm, who is one of our old settlers and constant booster for the Queen 
City of the North. 

Indian Jake was the first mail carrier from the south to Traverse City in 186:5, bein? in the emDlov of Mr ■V T 
Lay. who had the contract for this year-"Jake packing it over the Indian trail on "00^ from Croton a rmj^^ 

town m Newajro County on the -Muskegron river. 


By S. E. Wait 

Old Mission seemed to be the objective point for the first white settlers, 
there being earlier and more convenient communication between that point and 
Mackinaw by vessels sailing between the two places. The first white settlers 
were Rev. Peter Dougherty and Rev. John Fleming, who landed in Mission 
Harbor in May, 1839. They had spent the previous winter in Mackinaw and 
had come to establish a mission for the Presbyterian Board. There were no 


visible signs of the presence of man save a few bark wigwams in a narrow 
break in the fringe of the forest. Only one Indian was found in the village, 
the rest of the band being encamped at the mouth of the river on the opposite 
side of the bay. A signal made with a column of smoke by the Indian had the 
elTect of bringing over a canoe full of young men who came to inquire what 
they wanted. On finding that the errand was to establish a mission for the 
purpose of giving religious teaching they said the head Chief would come in a 
few days and then they would get an answer. On arrival of the old Chief 
Ish-qua-go-na-ba a council was held and it was decided to establish a mission. 
The location was first fixed on the south side of Elk River, but after consulting 
the wishes of the young chief Agosa and the principal men of the tribe at 
Mission Harbor they were convinced that the harbor was a more eligible site 
for the mission. An unexpected blow fell on their mutual plans. A messen- 
ger came from Mackinaw with word that Mr. Fleming's wife had died suddenly 
at that place. Mr. Fleming with the four men who came with him, immediate- 
ly embarked in their boat for Mackinaw. He never returned to the Mission. 
With the exception of a party of surveyors at work east of Elk and Torch 
Lakes Mr. Dougherty was now the only white settler in the country. 

About the 20th of June Henry R. Schoolcraft, Indian agent, arrived in a 
small vessel, accompanied by Robert Graverat as his interpreter, and Isaac 
George as Indian blacksmith. Arrangements were immediately made for 
opening a school with Mr. Dougherty's interpreter, Peter Greensky as teacher. 
The school was located in a little bark wigwam that the Indians had vacated 
for Mr. Dougherty's use. In the fall John Johnson arrived with a yoke of 
oxen as Indian farmer. In the fall of 1841, besides Indian wigwams there 
were five log buildings at the mission, the school house and four dwellings. 

The dwellings were occupied by Mr. Dougherty, missionary; Henry Brad- 
ley, mission teacher; John Johnson, Indian farmer; and David McGulpin, 
assistant farmer. As regards race, the little community, the only representa- 
tive of Christian civilization in the heart of the savage wilderness was some- 
what mixed. John Johnson was a half Indian with a white wife; McGulpin 
was a white man with an Indian wife; all the others except Greensky, the in- 
terpreter, were whites. It was at this time that Joseph Dame and Lewis 
Miller arrived. Mr. Dame had secured the appointment of Indian farmer to 
succeed John Johnson. Lewis Miller resolved to accompany him, more for 
the novelty of the thing than from any definite purpose, with reference to the 
future. With them came Mrs. Dame and their children, Eusebius F., Almira 
and Mary. Olive M. came the following year. About 1842 a more commodi- 
ous dwelling and a mission church was commenced by Mr. Dougherty. The 
dwelling was the first frame building erected in the Grand Traverse country. 
The church had solid walls built after the Canadian French style of hewn cedar 
timbers, laid one upon an other and kept in place by the ends being fitted into 
groves in upright posts. The church is owned by the Methodist Episcopal 
.Society and is still used as a house of worship. Among the earlier settlers, 
not connected with the mission or agency, were Lewis Miller, Alexander Paul, 
H. K. Cowles, John Swaney and Martin S. Wait. By 1850 the little group of 
wigwams and log cabins had grown to a village of considerable size. The 
Indians had generally abandoned their early style of wigwams, and were living 
in houses built of hewn logs and whitewashed on the outside. Seen from a 
distance the village presented a pretty and inviting appearance. According to 
their original custom, the Indians lived in the village and cultivated their 
gardens some distance away. In November, 1850 my father's family arrived 
at the Mission, having left Mackinaw a few days previous on the schooner 
Arrow, which had been making weekly trips between the two ports. The 
vessel was so laden with household goods that her rigging was tied full of 
chairs and the lighter articles that could not be stowed on deck or in the hold. 


We rented a house for the winter and the next spring purchased the residence 
of Daniel Rodd, the interpreter, which remained in possession of the family 
until 1884. A project of removing the Indians beyond the Mississippi was at 
one time seriously considered by the Government. They cultivated small 
patches of ground, from one acre to six. They had no title to these. The 
terms of the treaty by which they were to retain their lands had expired. The 
white settlers wanted the lands, and the question arose what to do with the 
Indians. A deputation sent to examine their proposed new home in the West 
reported unfavorably. They determined not to be removed. At this juncture 
the adoption of the revised State Constitution of 1850 made citizens of all 
civilized persons of Indian descent not members of any tribe. They could 
purchase land of the Government as citizens. The land on the Peninsula was 
not yet in market. That on the west shore was. 

By the advice of Mr. Dougherty several families agreed to set aside a 
certain amount from their next annual payment for the purchase of lands. The 
Indians on the Peninsula held possession of considerable portions of the lands 
but could give no legal title. They could, however, sell their possessory 
rights, and the whites recognizing the eligibility of the location for agricultural 
pursuits became purchasers, taking the chances of obtaining a title from the 
Government at a future time. 


Seeing that the Indian community at the mission would finally be broken 
up Mr. Dougherty concluded to change the location of the mission itself. 
Accordingly purchase was made of an eligible tract of land suitable for a farm 
and a manual labor school on the point near the place now called Omena, in 
Leelanau County, to which he removed early in the spring of 1852. This was 
now the New Mission and the other has ever since been known as Old Mission. 
The New Mission point had been occupied by a band of Indians called by the 
name of their chief Shawb-wah-sun's band, some of whose gardens were 
included in the tract purchased by Mr. Dougherty. The tribe known a s the 
Pa-shaw-ba Indians, who were located on the east side of the peninsula, about 
half way up the East Bay, moved at this time to a point on the west shore of 
West Bay, about half way between New Mission and Suttons Bay, and a 
Catholic Mission was established there. Father Mrack, who was afterwards 
bishop of the Northern Peninsula, had charge of this Mission for a number of 
years. The manual labor school at New xMission was opened in the fall follow- 
ing the removal. The number of pupils was limited to fifty, twenty-five of 
each sex. Young children were not received, except in one instance, the rule 
was suspended in favor of two homeless orphans. When received into the 
school, the pupils were first washed and clothed; the common clothing of both 
sexes consisted of coarse but decent and serviceable material. The boys were 
employed on the farm, the girls in housework and sewing. At five o'clock in 
the morning the bell rang for all to rise. At six o'clock it called all together 
for worship. Soon after worship breakfast was served, the boys sitting at one 
table, the girls at another. After breakfast all repaired to their daily labor 
and worked till half past eight, when the school bell called them all to the 
school room. 

At the time of the war of the rebellion the Board became financially em- 
barrassed and the work of the mission was discontinued. 

In 1868 Mr. Dougherty sold the farm consisting of 568 acres, 100 of which 
were improved, to Valentine C. Mills of Iowa, for $5000. In 1883 the property 
was purchased by a party of Cincinnati gentlemen who proposed to improve it 
for a summer resort, rebuilding the mission house to be three stories and a 


mansard roof and to be 60x76 feet in size. It is 113 feet above the bay, seventy 
six feet from ground to top of cupola, contains thirty-five sleeping rooms, two 
parlors, spacious halls, verandas, dining room, etc. 


The pioneer wedding was that of Miss Olive Dame of Old Mission, to Mr. 
Ansel Salisbury of Wisconsin, in the fall of 1842. Mr. Dougherty wished that 
the Indians should profit by acquaintance with the institutions of Christian 
civilization. Accordingly, by the consent of all parties, it was arranged that 
the ceremony should take place in public. At a convenient hour in the morn- 
ing the little school house was filled with a mixed company of whites and 
Indians. The bride was in simple attire as befitted the occasion and surround- 
ings. The Indian women in their bright shawls and beaded moccasins, and 
the Indian men, some of them clothed in a style only a degree or two removed 
from the most primitive undress, all looking gravely on apparently unmoved. 
The whites were dressed in their Sunday best, which, in most cases, were 
somewhat rusty. The marriage rite was simple and impressive. The couple 
departed immediately on their wedding tour in a large birch bark canoe for 
Mackinaw, navigated by four Innians. They remained a few days in Macki- 
naw then embarked on a steam boat for their home in Wisconsin. The next 
wedding of the pioneers was that of Lewis Miller to Miss Catherine Kiley. 
They were married in Mackinaw in September, 1845, took their wedding trip 
on the vessel, "Lady of the Lake," and after a tempestuous voyage landed at 
Old Mission. Their first child, Henry L. Miller, was the pioneer white child 
of Grand Traverse. 

It was discovered by the early settlers that there were extensive abandon- 
ed Indian gardens on the high laads back of where Norwood now stands. 
These were covered by dense grass and a bearing apple orchard. My father 
decided that here would be a good opportunity to get trees with which to start 
an orchard. Accordingly, when the school had closed in the spring of 1852, 
on the schooner Madeline in Bowers Harbor, he engaged her to bring the trees 
to Old Mission. There being no dock at the place she was obliged to anchor 
out some distance while the trees were brought on board with the yawl. They 
ware set oat on our farm, grew fiaely aud are now the oldest trees on the 


The pioneer of Northport was Rev. George N. Smith, a Congregational 
minister, who had spent two years in missionary work among the Indians of 
Black River, Allegan County. In 1838 a meeting of Ottawa and Chippewa 
Indians was called at Allegan for the purpose of talking over a scheme for 
their colonization. Mr. Smith was the foremost actor in the movement. He 
at once went to work to perfect the colonization scheme, laboring day and 
night, sometimes to the neglect of his family. During this time he visited 
different tribes of Indians, raising means wherever possible. In hunting a 
suitable location it became necessary to travel from the Straits of Mackinaw to 
the southern boundary of the state. One memorable trip was made in canoes 
from Allegan to Cross Village, north of Little Traverse Bay. This trip 
occupying a month and three days was attended with perils and dangers by 
land and water. The Indians finally determined to locate on Black River in 
Ottawa County, whither they moved in the summer of 1839. Mr. Smith also 
established his family there, having first erected a log house in which to live. 

In 1847 a colony of Hollanders settled on Black Lake in close proximity to 
the Indians. It seems the former encroached upon the latter to such an extent 
as to make it necessary for the Indians to locate elsewhere as a matter of self- 
protection. So in the summer of 1849 he, with his family and forty or fifty 


Indian families, removed from Black River to Grand Traverse Bay. 


A village was laid out and called Waukazooville, after the chief Waukazoo. 
The name was afterward changed to Northport. Mr. Smith's position as 
missionary was one of responsibility and toil. He was preacher, doctor, 
teacher, judge and adviser-general combined. He healed their sick, settled 
their disputes and educated them. He was often compelled to make long trips 
with the Indians, leaving his family alone in the woods for weeks at a time. 

The other pioneers of Northport were James McLaughlin, Indian farmer, 
and William H. Case who came in 1849 up the coast on the schooner "Merrill" 
of which Mr. McLaughlin was the owner. 


The pioneers of Traverse City were Horace Boardman who came in 1847 
to erect a saw mill, and Michael Gay who sailed Mr. Boardman's vessel the 
"Lady of the Lake." The little craft was later sent to the Manitou Islands to 
bring a party of employees who, it had been arranged, should come as far as 
the islands by steamer. The passengers were Mr. Gay's young wife, then 
about sixteen years of age, and her four month's old baby, Mr. and Mrs. 
Duncan, Ann VanAmburg and several carpenters. A house was built of hewn 
logs near the foot of Boardman Lake and a small saw mill was built on the 
creek that had its sources in the hills to the south and west of the bay, across 
which a dam was built to raise the water to get power. A tent was construct- 
ed of some sails for the accommodation of the two married couples and girl. 
The single men shifted for themselves as best they could. The company lived 
in this manner during the summer. Immediately on the arrival of the car- 
penters, all hands were set to work on the mill. The "Lady of the Lake" 
made a trip to Manistee after plank for the flume. When the frame was ready 
all the white men at Old Mission and several Indians came to help raise it. 
Then some of the first boards were used to complete the block house which up 
to that time had remained unfinished. 


In May, 1850, three young men in Chicago entered into partnership under 
the firm name of Hannah, Lay & Company for the purpose of carrying on the 
lumber trade. The firm opened business on the corner of Jackson and Canal 
streets, buying their stock by the cargo in the harbor. Early in 1851 they 
conceived the project of having somewhere a saw mill of their own for making 
lumber, thus saving to themselves the profit they were now paying the manu- 
facturer. Falling in with Mr. Curtis, one of the mechanics who had built the 
Boardman mill, they obtained from him their first knowledge of the country on 
Grand Traverse Bay. Captain Boardman found that the mill, as managed by 
his son, was not profitable and concluding it would be wise to dispose of it 
proposed to sell it to the new firm. So Mr. Hannah, accompanied by William 
Morgan and Captain Boardman, after a tempestuous voyage on the little 
schooner Venus riding a gale of three days duration on Lake Michigan, 
arrived at the head of the bay to view the property. The mill was not running. 
On entering the house the hands were all found there amusing themselves 
with the game of old sledge. After shaking hands all around, Captain Board- 
man said to his son, "Horace, how is this that you are not running the mill." 
He replied, "Father, it was a little rainy today; the boys outside could not 
work very well and they wanted the men in the mill to make up the number 
for the game so I concluded to shut down for a time in order that they might 
have a little fun." A proposition of Captain Boardman's was accepted by the 
new firm by which they came into possession of his entire interest in the mill 
building and about two hundred acres of land. The following season a new 
mill run by steam power was erected on the strip of land between the river 



and the bay. Various changes took place in the growth of the firm and com- 
munity, until the time when the work which naturally belongs to the church 
became of interest to the people. 


The first Methodist class in Traverse City was organized by Rev. D. 
R. Latham April 11, 1858, consisting of William Fowle, Mrs. Dr. Goodale and 
five others. The meetings were held in the school house which had recently 
been built. Mr. Latham's voluntary labors ended in the fall of 1858, at which 
time he was admitted to conference and appointed to the Elk Rapids circuit. 
He was succeeded by Rev. W. W. Johnson. In the fall Rev. S. Steele came 
charged with the double relation of pastor and presiding elder. 

In 1862 two young men, Rev J. H. Crum and Rev. Leroy Warren, were 
sent here by the Congregation'al Church at Oberlin, Ohio. Mr. Crum remain- 
ing here and Mr. Warren going to Elk Rapids. After three month's preaching 
every alternate Sunday and much pastoral visitation, the way was prepared for 
the organization of a church of ten members, including the pastor and his wife. 
Articles of faith, covenant and by-laws were agreed upon. An invitation was 
then extended to the one or two (Congregational Churches and Congregational 
ministers as were in the Grand Traverse region to come in council and proceed 
to the service of public organization. So on the morning of February 2, 1863, 
an audience of about fifty assembled in the little village school house and 
listened attentively to the services conducted by Rev. Charles Bailey of Ben- 
zonia, and in the afternoon to a sermon by Rev. George Thompson, also of 
Benzonia; then came forward and asserted to the articles of faith and the cove- 
nant the following persons: Rev. J. H. and Mrs. J. H. Crum, Leroy C. Blood 
and Mrs. Fannie E. Blood, Amos and Mrs. Cecelia Hill, Elvin L. Sprague, 
Mrs. Mary Sprague and Mrs. Caroline McLeod. Rev. Leroy Warren of Elk 
Rapids, assisted in the services and after the administration of the communion 
Elvin L. Sprague was elected deacon and L. C. Blood, clerk, and the first 
Congregational Church of Traverse City came into existence. 


The real pioneer and instigator of Benzonia College was Rev. Charles E. 
Bailey of Medina, Ohio. About the year 1855 the idea of a Christian colony 
and college as one of the best agencies for laying a foundation for good in the 
world took definite shape in his mind. Later he learned that some of the 
people attending the ministry of the Rev. M. W. Fairfield were entertaining a 
similar project. A meeting was held at Mr. Bailey's house and a plan of 
operation agreed upon and Messrs. Bailey and Fairfield undertook to find a 
suitable location. After a toilsome journey of exploration through a part of 
Iowa they returned to Medina, when Mr. Fairfield withdrew from the enter- 
prise. Some time latef Mr. Bailey's brother John had clipped from the New 
York Tribune an article written by Deacon Dame describing in glowing terms 
the country around Grand Traverse Bay. While the Bailey brothers were dis- 
cussing plans, Mr. Chauncey L. Carrier, on his way west in search of a home, 
called on Rev. A. D. Barber, an old school friend, who informed him of the 
project in which the Bailey's were engaged and induced him to j(unthem. Mr. 
Carrier never became a resident of Grand Traverse country. A sincere friend 
of the oppressed and a lover of his country, he offered himself in their and her 
defence, joined the First Michigan Cavalry and laid down his life during the 
struggle in the rebellion. Some time after the close of the war Mr. Carrier's 
family became residents of Benzonia. 

It is not necessary for me to go into detail of the pioneering of Benzonia. 
It is already known of the conscientuous and careful search and investigation of 
different portions of Iowa, Missouri and Michigan, by Mr. Bailey and his asso- 


ciates which finally terminated in the selection of this beautiful spot for the 
location of their homes and the Benzonia college and school fifty-six years ago. 
Looking back from this distance the pioneer days seem to us more full of 
privations, perils and struggles than they really were. Distance exaggerates 
them. Some one who had not been there could write up the struggles, perils 
and privations of the pioneers much better than I. Yet I know that it took 
young men and women of brain and brawn, of courage and determination to 
risk the outlook of labor and trial incident to the opening and clearing up of a 
new country. Hardships and pleasures were intimately mixed in the exper- 
iences of ihe pioneer. A young friend of mine, George W. Ladd, who had 
taught the first school at Elk Rapids and later had taken up a "forty," wrote 
me as follows: "This evening finds me here in my little cabin which over- 
looks Elk lake as it spreads its silver sheet of unrivaled beauty before me. 
Darkness is shutting in the scene, a huge pile of logs is on fire which aifords 
novel music to my ear and sends gleams of light upon the giant trunks of the 
surrounding trees, while the shrill voice of the loon is loudly borne on the cool 
night air. A candle afTords me a light while I attempt to trace out and follow 
the nice little blue lines on the white paper." 

It might seem a hardship but it was a pleasure to wade through the snow 
and tackle those lofty beech and maple trees until they came crashing down, 
then chip into them and split off a slab, repeat the process until they had their 
winter's supply of fuel. It was a pleasure to go to sleep to the song of the 
whip-poor-will, and rise in the morning to the music of the robin. It was a 
pleasure to make up a sleigh load of neighbors, go to some sugar camp and fill 
up on wax and hot sugar. 

The weekly mail was sometimes stretched out to three and four weeks. 
It came bv way of Mackinaw. In winter over the trail. In summer by sail 
vessel. We used to go up to "Look-out" where we could see way down the 
bay and watch with intense interest the coming in sight of the little schooner. 

With joy we hailed the coming sail 

As round the point with speed 
The "Yankee" or the "Wah-bi-zee" 

Were striving for the lead. 
The "Madeline" and "Arrow" too, 

Would gladly greet our eyes 
As weekly trips from Mackinaw 

They brought us our supplies. 
O, blessed are the memories 

Before our vision flow 
Of the days when we were pioneers 

Sixty years ago. 

The Indians were our fellow men 

Ahgosa was their chief 
And prominent to our memory 

Come names to our relief; 
Of Ah-ka, Ke-sis, Ke-wa-din, 

Sah-gun and Ge-ganse, 
Ke-wa-be-skum, Kah-bo-ne-ka, 

Pe-na-she-ge-zhik, Anse. 
(), these were faithful friends of yore, 

No Indian was our foe 
In the days when we were pioneers, 

Sixty years ago. 


Our early life was glad and free 

Yet dangers closed us round, 
But here among the grand old trees 

Freedom we sought and found; 
Oft through our dwellings wintry blasts 

Would rush with shriek and moan 
We cared not, they were rude but strong 

And then they were our own. 
O, free and sturdy lives we led 

Mid verdure or mid snow 
In the days when we were pioneers, 

Sixty years ago. 

But now our course of life is short 

And as from day to day, 
We're walking on with halting step 

And pausing by the way 
Another land more bright than this 

To our dim sight appears, 
And on our way to it, we'll soon 

A_gain be pioneers. 
And while we linger we may all 

A backward glance still throw 
To the days when we were pioneers. 

Sixty years ago. 

The second early poem, "Our Bay," was written at Elk Rapids by S. E. 
Wait and appeared in the Grand Traverse Herald April 8, 1859. 


Would you view a scene that's lovely. 

Waters deep and crystal clear; 
Would you see a varied landscape, 

Water foreground, forests near, 
Hills and valleys in the distance 

Mingling with the ether gray; 
If you would behold such scenery 

Gaze upon our beauteous Bay. 

Birds have sung of bay of Venice 

Teeming with its gondoliers, 
Sending forth their evening music 

To some fair one's list'ning ears; 
Lake Geneva 'mid the mountains, 

Bay of Biscay, seaman's dread. 
But, as yet, our Bay remaineth 

Quite unsung, almost unread. 

Here we see the native Indian 

Gliding in his light canoe. 
And the lofty bearing vessel 

Coming gallantly in view, 
Bringing foreign products to us, 

Taking our produce away. 
And oft we see the noble steamer 

Cleave the waters of our Bay. 


The varied shores are oft indented 

With harbors, spacious and secure; 
While villages are rising near them 

With energy that will endure. 
We see the forest fast receding 

In various spots along the shore 
The farmer's house and barn are standing 

Where Indian wigwams stood before. 

Here the ]Uk and Boardman rivers, 

(Scarce existed streams more clear) 
Smoothly glide along unheeding 

The large saw mills standing near 
Sending forth dolorous music 

Made by wheels and saws, and cranks, 
Forming lumber for the market 

From the stately forest ranks. 

Look from shore upon the waters 

When they're raging, capped with white, 
As the gale sweeps from the northward, 

Awakening the water sprite; 
See the close reefed vessel, ploughing 

Through the billowy, raging foam. 
Steering for some pleasant harbor 

As an exile to his home. 

And again in autumn evening 

When calmness reigns upon its breast 
And the sun's bright rays are gleaming 

From the portals of the west 
Coloring the distant tree tops 

With brilliant tints of golden sheen, 
And the etherial blue appeareth 

Free from clouds or fog, serene. 

Beauteous Bay! thy scenes are lovely, 

Indeed they are a charming sight, 
When we view thee in the daytime. 

Or when moon adorns the night; 
When thy waves are loudly roaring. 

Breaking on the steadfast shore, 
Or when calmness reigns upon thee 

And thy waves have ceased to roar. 


By A/i/nn'e I fail .Xii/io/so/i 

Side by side with man's noble achievement down through the past years 
of progress went an influence quiet, yet forceful and lasting. It was Woman's 
Part, often a share that has achieved wonderful results, for the active work of 
man has been supplemented by a touch that meant encouragement in dark days, 
sympathy in days of hope and joy in days of realization. Possibly woman's 
work seemed to a casual observer a round of homely duties. In i)art this is 
true, yet these were but an integral part of her full life. The wives of our 


pioneers were without exception women of resource and community workers 
of rare worth and lived lives of cheerfulness and courage during the early 
years of labor and privation. I could mention them by the score in our own 
community and in your own community you recall the names of those who 
may be but names to you perhaps, yet those blessed lives were lived for others 
and are indelible on the pages of pioneer history. 

Then there came an innate longing for something outside the narrow 
routine, a something that tended toward mental cuUure. Thus libraries and 
study clubs were formed. In our early village life it meant the birth of the 
Ladies' Library Association, which dates back to 1869, when eight women 
came at the call of Mrs. Morgan Bates, a woman of force and character, the 
wife of the Lieutenant Governor of Michigan. She was a woman of all others 
to organize and carry out such an enterprise, a woman who to abundant means 
and leisure added a vigorous will, courage that was never daunted and a 
patience that never tried. She was ready for any emergency. On one occa- 
sion a huge squash, weighing one hundred pounds, that had taken a prize at 
the Agricultural fair that fall was given to some one and as a joke was passed 
on to the Ladies' Library Association, 

The spirit of Mrs. Morgan Bates was equal to the occasion and she 
accepted it with a profusion of thanks and immediately made it up into an 
enormous quantity of squash pies, called a squash pie social at her home and 
netted the society an even twenty dollars. 

That year 1871, the gross receipts were $400, the best the society knew 
for some years, for the next year Mrs. Morgan Bates died and her helpers 
unused to the work almost gave up, some thought there was no use, but a few 
brave souls said, "No, we will not give up, we will do our best and make the 
association the success she would have made it." It was uphill work but they 
succeeded and now have a beautiful brick building of their own with about 200 
members and nearly four thousand books. 

In the early church life as well as today the pastors' wives have taken an 
active part in almost every phase of church work. We read of Mrs. Steele, 
wife of Rev. S. Steele of Northport, starting the first Sunday School with 
forty pupils; that school has continued to the present time; also that she sup- 
plied the pulpit very acceptably when Mr. Steele was away. I was asking 
some one about Mrs. R. Hatch, wife of one of our first pastors. "Oh, she was 
a lovely woman," was the response. "What did she do?" I asked. "What 
didn't she do in those early days?" was the enthusiastic reply. That was 
tribute enough, and so it is with many more. 

The first Sunday School in Traverse City was begun in June, 1853, in the 
little log school house. It was under the supervision of Mr. Scofield assisted 
by Mrs. Dr. Goodale. Mr. Lay encouraged the enterprise by his presence and 
approval, and Miss Scofield, afterward Mrs. John Black, usually came with her 
brother, though the teaching was done by Mr. Scofield and Mrs. Goodale. 
There was no necessity for a numerous corps of teachers, as there were only 
eight pupils in the school. There were no Sunday School books or papers or 
singing books — nothing but the bible. It is related that on one occasion the 
four persons assembled at the school house and waited for the children who 
failed to appear. At length Mrs. Goodale proposed that her companions 
should wait while she go out and look for them. She found them not 
far off picking and eating huckleberries, their hands and faces all stained with 
the purple juice, in which condition she managed to gather them into the school 
house. On questioning the children as to what their parents knew of their 
doings, it come out that the latter had gone for a boat ride. At the approach 
of cold weather the Sunday School was closed. It was not reopened the next 
season on account of the absence that summer of Mr.- Lay and Mr. Scofield. 


Sometime afterwards Mr. Lay's mother sent eighty volumes of Sunday School 
books to Traverse City. 

During my term of fourteen years as secretary of our school I have 
watched the changes, seen the advancement and become acquainted with the 
noble band of teachers, many from the public school who have given the 
precious Sunday hour of rest to the young life in which their interest centers. 



By Mrs. Martha Gray 

Grand Traverse region was once holy ground. It was here the Great 
Manitou came down to meet and bless His children. In those shadowy dells 
from many a dark bosom went up a fervent prayer to the Great Spirit who had 
not written His laws for them on the tables of stone, but had traced them on 
the tables of their hearts. Here on Grand Traverse Bay occurred the awful 
struggle between Manabooza, the good, and his bad brother, the evil one. 
Manabooza was born of a virgin who descended from heaven and alighted on 
an island, perhaps one of the Manitous. Her name was too holy to be men- 
tioned, she was simply called the "Woman" by the people. The Midas, (the 
priests,) only knew her name. She had two sons. Her second son was a 
mischevious spirit and sowed the evil seeds of sorrow and trouble which 
sprang up in the path of the people. He was finally overcome and destroyed 
by Manabooza the good, to the great satisfaction of the Indians. The flint 
rocks on the east shore cE Grand Traverse Bay are the remains of this evil 
spirit. There are many legends of Manabooza and his struggle with the 
powers of darkness personified in some visible form. In a conflict with the 
evil one in the form of a fish, Manabooza was swallowed and his canoe at the 
same time. But he, nothing daunted took his stone hammer from the canoe 
and pounded on the heart of the great fish which threw the fish into terrible 
agony and he began to make violent contortions as though he would dislodge 
the enemy he had swsllowed. Then Manabooza fearing he would be thrown 
into the water or drowned stopped up the throat of the fish with his canoe, and 
kept on pounding on the heart of the evil one. After a period of silence and 
darkness, light began to shine in and Manabooza found himself on the beach 
and sea gulls were picking the flesh from the dead fish to liberate him. When 
the sea serpent became envious of Manabooza he brought on a flood and 
drowned all living things, and the great Manitou creation was destroyed. 
Manabooza escaped by fleeing to the highest hill and climbing a tree which he 
was obliged to make grow four times to keep above the water. When the 
flood subsided Manabooza repeopled the earth by sticking arrows in the 
ground. His symbol was the white rabbit. The grave of this wonderful man 
is here in Northern Michigan on North Point near Alpena or Thunder Bay. 

Grand Traverse means a long, long way round and it must have seemed a 
long way to the first people who came over the Great Lakes and threaded the 
pathless wilderness guided only by chart and compass, sleeping under the 
everlasting stars, with giant trees for canopy while the hemlock and pine 
boughs furnished a soft couch whose sweet odors soothed their weary senses 
and refreshed them for toilsome onward march still farther from civilization. 

Sleeping Bear Point is on the west shore of Leelanau County. It is a 
huge mountain of pure white sand that has been accumulating on that point 
through centuries washed up by the rsstless waves of Lake Michigan and 
thrown upon the beach, where the winds, in turn have caught and carried it 
forward. It is always moving, always growing for the forces that create it are 


ever in motion. Sleeping Bear was caught and imprisoned within his clasp, 
the giant monarchs of the forest that grew along his path. Their tops peer 
from the summit or along the sides at passerby as though in mute appeal for 
liberation. But they will never be released for Old Sleeping Bear has lain 
under the spell of an enchanter for centuries and will never awaken until some 
throes of nature arouse him from his sleeping place beside the blue water. 

In 1863 Northern Michigan was thrown into the market through the home- 
stead law and from that time on its future was assured. Men began flocking 
into the region and upon the close of the war nearly every quarter section was 
taken, many of them by the "boys in blue," and my father, Elijah Stata, was 
one who fought and found, for a time, a home in the wilderness. He was a 
born pioneer. His people left Holland at the close of the Spanish wars, 
crossed the Atlantic and settled in New Amsterdam. A generation or two 
later they left New York and migrated up the Mohawk Valley. In another 
generation or two, the country of the Mohawk becoming too settled, they 
moved again, this time into Canada. Still restless and roving my father's 
generation started out, each taking a different direction. My father came into 
Michigan and owned a farm at Grand Ledge in an early day. He returned and 
made his home in New York for a time and there married my mother. Her 
parents had transmitted to their posterity the same roving inclination. They 
came from England, settled in Massachusetts and belonged to the Colburns, 
the Stowells and the Winchesters. Her grandfather was a paymaster in the 
Revolutionary War. They belonged to the stirring times when men were 
willing to lav down their lives for a good principle, to be sacrificed on the altar 
of the country they had chosen for the sake of freedom. 

My father served through the civil war and at the close went south to seek 
his fortune in the land that had been devastated by the War God. He found a 
more subtle foe lurking in the mud-beds of the Missouri River flats than ever 
lay in ambush or was met on the battle field. He buried a part of his family 
who had fallen victims to Asiatic Cholera and returned North the same year. 
On arriving at Chicago we took passage for Ogdensburgh and on that same 
steamer met a man named Johnson who was returning to Glen Arbor, having 
been outside to purchase supplies. He told father such glowing stories of the 
wealth of the wild, new country, the timber, the laud for nothing, the ease in 
which one could become a well-to-do man that father would gladly have ended 
the journey at Glen Arbor but our mother would not. The next spring father 
returned and worked all summer for John Dorsey making fish barrels. White 
fish were abundant in Lake Michigan at that time in 1868. That autumn my 
father returned east and moved his family into Grand Traverse region. We 
children were delighted and happy that the change was to be made; for we like 
all children thought a new country and new people would bring us many things 
and we were not disappointed though the things brought were not expected. 

One sunny day in September, the Oswegatche of the Western Transporta- 
tion line, Capt. Rossman in command, landed us safely on the little dock at 
Glen Arbor. The only business the boat had at that dock was to take on wood 
and leave us, together with another family. Glen Arbor was like many other 
things one sees on maps, a name only. A dreary stretch of pure white sand, a 
few cabins completely hidden by small oak and pine trees, a hotel and no 
guests, a small general store owned by the Northern Transportation line, and 
a postoffice kept by (icorge Ray in his home, completed the whole. Here we 
began to hear the term "outside." Anyone not living here lived "outside." 

Father decided we must get the things together again and finish our 
journey and be in the new home before winter would be upon us. We had 
been stopping in Glen Arbor until mother was strong enough to take the 
journey of twenty-five miles to the farm that father had chosen. One beautiful 
morning the wagons were again brought to the door and loaded and I took my 


seat by my father's side, my brother Seth rode with the man who drove the 
other team, and we began that toilsome journey. The country was rough and 
hill upon hill rose before us. The patient horses kept climbing higher and 
higher. When we had gone ten miles we came to the crest of the hills that 
formed the background to Glen Arbor, and here we stopped to rest and feed 
our horses and eat our lunch. From here, the view was magnificent. Stretch- 
ing away over miles and miles the country and great lakes lay before us and 
at the foot of the hills lay an inland lake nine miles across which was called 
Glen Lake. It was only one-half mile from Lake Michigan and men had 
planned to open a channel so that vessels could seek a safe harbor there from 
storms that were frequently occurring on the great lake. Away over Lake 
Michigan we could see the great Manitous so far away that they could be seen 
only on a clear day. And to the northward lay old "Sleeping Rear." Tt was 
late in the day when we came to a place where father stopped the horses. 
"Now," said he, "it is only two and one-half miles home and you two will run 
through the woods and get there much sooner than we can by the wagon road. 
Seth, be sure and follow the blazed trees and do not lose the trail, for if you 
do, you will perish in the woods." Father had six miles to make by road so 
Seth took my hand and we started on the trail. 

Just as night fall was upon us, we emerged from the forest into a tiny 
clearing and Seth said, "This is home." There was a pond, a tiny dark pool, 
the forest leaves lying deep to the water's edge. Across the pond stood a log 
cabin and at the end of the pond another log cabin, and still another log build- 
ing stood on a hill, the strangest looking building I had ever seen, just a 
square tower whose top was surmounted by a shaft with four great arms out- 
spread. The solemn stillness of everything had begun to impress me and we 
were thankful that we were to have neighbors at least, for a family lived in a 
house at the end of the lake, and at the other was to be our future home. We 
crossed to the cabin. Seth lifted the wooden latch and we entered. The old 
man whom we had met the year before and through whose influence we had 
been brought to our present condition came in in the evening. It was his son 
who lived in the same clearing and was to be our neighbor. His name was 
Lije Johnson and his wife's name was "Marthy." "Lije" and "Marthy" it 
was from the beginning. Everyone was called by his first name. Older men 
were called "Old Men.'' The "Old Man" had married a second woman and 
she had left him and gone to her relatives "outside." He was going in the 
spring. Father had bought out the old man's improvement and that was how 
we had even this small beginning in the wilderness. 

It was the first day of November when mother arrived and not a day too 
soon for the second day the snow began to fall gently, silently, without any 
warning whatever. It snowed fifty-one days, then the sun shone out one day 
only, then the snow began again as it had done it the beginning, never any 
effort, never any noise, no sign of storm, no wind, no roar, no rush, just 
gently, silently fell; and mother sat in the cabin and wept all the time. We 
children did not run out to play for there was no place to play, nothing to play 
with and we could only stand by the two little windows and watch the snow 
fall and wonder if spring would ever come and it was not Christmas yet, that 
joyous time *^or children, a time lost to us now, and worst of all we had no 

It was about Christmas time that mother decided to let vSeth, now a 
healthy boy of seventeen, go to Glen Arbor to work. The men were on the 
trail coming and going every week and the trail being through our clearing 
they were sure to stop both ways and tell stories. Father was a genial man 
and enjoyed seeing them, and mother's bread was good and the men were sure 
to get some thick slices if they were coming in from Glen Arbor. The walk 
of twenty-five miles was enough to sharpen any man's appetite. We had an 


abundance of food for the first year and mother dispensed it with a generous 
hand and the men were sure to stop. These men seeing Seth, a robust, 
rollicking youth just springing into manhood thought he would enliven the 
camp and they persuaded mother to let him go. He could earn some clothing 
and his living, at least, and that would be of future use. The men declared he 
would have work for good and earnest by another winter and the present work 
would initiate him. 

Seth's bundle was made ready and on Monday in company with three men 
he started over the trail. In coming and going they always had a company of 
three or more and walked single file. The first breaking the path for the rest, 
always with his eyes on the blazed trees. When he became weary he fell out 
and dropped behind and the next man took the lead, and so on. Seth being 
the boy, fell in the rear and the path was a blessing, considering the heavy 
bundle, his youth and the twenty-five miles. 

By the first of February the snow was so deep all traveling was done on 
snow shoes and the men came over the trail carrying as much provision as 
they were able to "back" home. Money was not to be had in large quantities 
at Glen Arbor and if they had received all money, supplies were not nearer to 
them than Traverse City or Glen Arbor. Everything at Glen Arbor was under 
the control of the Northern Transportation Company and good serviceable 
clothing and common staples could be obtained in exchange for work per- 
formed. But prices were high at the close of that awful Civil War, tea two 
dollars a pound; pork and sugar twentyfive cents a pound; flour eighteen 
dollars a barrel, and after the men had chopped cord wood to earn the neces- 
sities of life, and then carried them home on their backs twenty-five miles they 
thought that they were doubly earned and that they had paid a high price 
tor them. 

In the month of March the men came home to make maple sugar and Seth 
came too, and doing as the rest did, he brought all he could carry and that was 
a large piece of salt pork. He had earned his living, some good stout clothes 
and had had enough left to purchase the pork. He had cut a hole through the 
tough rind, fastened a stout string to it and was draging it through the snow 
behind him. The cord wood camps were broken up. The men had come 
home. The sun shone out once more and when the days grew a little warmer 
the maple sap began to run up the trees and the sugar-making was on. 

There was another strange thing in this new country that same spring 
worth recording. The people had told us of the pigeons and how they came 
there every year to nest, and that they killed them for food. They had even 
gone into their nesting places and taken the squabs by the sackful and told 
what fine eating they were. We had thought that these stories might have 
some truth but were not prepared for the deluge that came upon us. As soon 
as the buds began to swell and weather to grow warm they came by the 
millions. I have seen flocks fly so low and so thick that Seth actually knocked 
them down with a stick. We finally did not try to shoot them — it was a waste 
of powder and shot. Once Seth killed nineteen at a single shot by firing into 
a flock that were flying through the clearing. vSo we put up the gun and set 
some traps by the little pond where they came down to drink and caught all we 
could use. They nested just a few miles from where we were located and Seth 
and I went to see them at home. Their homes were simplicity itself — a few 
sticks laid on a tiny crotch of a tree — that was all and the trees were literally 
full of them. How the queer nests ever held the eggs and kept them from 
falling to the ground is a mystery. 

The beech trees were the only nut bearing ones in the country and they 
bore abundantly. That was one reason why the i^igeons came. Another 
reason was the solitude which they like for their brooding and food for their 


young. Some of the pigeons always lingered through the summer as though 
they were watching nature to see if food would be forthcoming another year. 

The first summer wore away as it had begun. There was nothing when it 
opened and there was nothing at, its close — a few nubbins of corn, some 
potatoes, only a little money left and starvation seemed near. We had seen 
nothing but work with no results. Father was hopeful and would say, "The 
country is new and all will come right in time." One thing was sure, we could 
make arrangements and another season see how large a crop of maple sugar 
we could gather. The nubbins of corn were carefully gathered and carefully 
housed in the loft, the potatoes were stored in a deep hole under the floor, 
more corn was purchased — we must ilive on that now — and we got ready for 
when that awful snow was on and no one could get in or out. In the early fall 
father and Seth went to Lime Lake, a mile from us, and cut down some pine 
trees, sawed them into bolts, the proper length for sap buckets and piled them 
ready to be hauled home when the snow came. There was so little money left 
that it was decided that Seth should go to Glen Arbor the first thing in the fall 
and work all winter. It might be necessary to use his wages to keep the wolf 
away from the door and his clothes were made ready for his departure. We 
began to understand something of how we must proceed in order to keep soul 
and body together. The soul might shrivel until scarcely an atom of the 
Divine be left and the body grow gaunt and ugly for want of nourishment, yet 
they would cling together. 

The summer had ended; we had worked, hoped and were not rewarded by 
any results from toil. We had heard from the old home once or twice. The 
nearest postofBce was six miles away. The mail was brought irregularly on 
the back of an Indian. When I was sent to get any mail that had come, I went 
with two or three other girls and it took a whole day. But there was one 
advantage in that, we had to stop and rest and we were sure to stop at some 
cabin and thus get acquainted with the people. The first time I met my 
mother-in-law, was on my first trip to the postoflfice. I saw her a good many 
times after that, for when I married I lived among my husband's people for 
twenty-one years and we got pretty well acquainted. 

We were less prepared for the second winter. Father and I went oyer a 
mile to Lime Lake and brought home on a hand sleigh pine bolts which he 
split with a fro and made into staves for sap buckets. Our cabin was turned 
into a cooper shop and only on Sundays the house being specially cleared up 
had any semblance of a home. By this method we kept track of Sundays. 
Father made hundreds of buckets to gather the sap and tubs to hold the syrup 
which was strained through heavy woolen bags to eliminate the lime. He also 
made an iron pan in which to boil down the sap. These pans had sides of 
wood and were placed over arches which contained the fire. ■ We made many 
hundred pounds of fine maple sugar. Food was scarce and the best mother 
could do was to contrive new methods of preparing the corn which was our 
only dependence. Seth worked at Glen Arbor and at long intervals came with 
tea and pork. 

Father took the sugar with an ox team to Glen .Arbor where it was shipped 
to a rich uncle of mother's in Detroit and sold to good advantage. With the 
money he bought a horse and wagon and many things needed. Our aunt sent 
a barrel of clothing and no present, past or future, can ever again be so 

Our sister vSarah who had been left in New Vouk state came in .July, and 
it August another sister was added to our family. 

Dr. Wilson was our physician coming to us from Kasson township, Lee- 
lanau county. He was an excellent doctor and line scholar, teaching school 
during the winters. He was to send us some medicine and I was sent on 
horseback to get it. On my return about a mile from home I met a big black 


bear which frightened me beyond measure. 1 screamed in my fright when the 
bear turned, looked at me and scampered ofif into the woods. I never saw but 
one after that and he ran one way as fast as I ran the other. 

We missed Seth who was at work fifty miles away at a man's full wages, 
and we also missed the tea and pork he brought on his visits. Mother could 
only spare one slice of pork for a meal using the drippings to season the water 
gravy for the potatoes and corn bread. 

Our sugar was sold in Frankfort and supplied only a few of our many 
necessities. That summer we found red raspberries and blackberries in 
abundance. The crops were very poor, a little buckwheat, corn, potatoes and 
"baggas." We killed our first pig. In our nine years stay on the place we 
never owned a cow. 

The choice of a location for a county seat was submitted to a vote of the 
electors in that early day but it was not an easy matter to settle on a perma- 
nent' location. Frankfort and Benzonia contested the right of ownership for 
more than forty years and the county seat went like a will-of-the-wisp back- 
ward and forward from one place to another time and again. The newspapers 
of the early day, The Banner of Benzonia and the Express of Frankfort in long 
elaborately wrought columns vented their spleen in vituperation of the success- 
ful party. Perhaps the people of Benzonia would be peacefully going about 
their daily avocation or sleeping quietly in their beds, never guessing anything 
out of the ordinary when the summons would come for some of them to appear 
at the next term of Circuit Court which would be held at the county seat at 
Frankfort. Then they would awaken to the fact that the county seat had liter- 
ally taken legs and walked off — but it did not remain off for long, for the same 
mode of procedure would be used in reclaiming the stolen property. Finally 
Frankfort won out and for several years the county seat was fixed at that 
place, the discarded school building being used as a court house. People 
seemed afraid to invest money in a county building when the county seat was 
so insecure and liable to flit at any moment. In 1905, after more than forty 
years of contention the matter of a permanent location was again submitted to 
the voters and Honor, a new town on the Platte river near the center of the 
county secured the coveted prize. 

In 1864 a Mr. Beswick built the first saw mill in the interior of Grand 
Traverse region. It was built on a little stream that emptied into Lake Ann 
and is known as Ransom Creek. This mill had one muley saw whose running 
capacity would cut one thousand feet of lumber in a day. In 1866 the mill fell 
into the hands of the Ransom's, father and son, who built on the same stream 
in 1869 a gristmill with one run of stones and capacity of grinding five bushels 
of grain in an hour. Mr. Ransom's mill was kept busy. People came from 
Glen Arbor, Homestead, Platte, and all over the country. 

In this same year the Hannah, Lay Co. built their first gristmill at 
Traverse City and Mr. Hubbell built one at Benzonia. At Traverse City there 
was an excellent water power. Mr. Hubbell's mill had an over-shot well and a 
little shute carried the water over the wheel and the power was the one great 
dilTficulty but in time that was overcome and a better mill did service for 
the people. 

George Yonkers was the first regular minister sent upon our charge. He 
was a very simple, unpretentious man having but little education or executive 
ability but he had a firm faith in religion as a power to save and he taught the 
best he could. His teaching was a simple repetition of the old Bible tales. 
One Sunday it would be Noah and the Ark, another Elijah and the raven, or 
Adam and Eve in the garden. He extorted the promise from us one New 
Year's eve that we would read the Bible through the coming year. Ten 
chapters on Sunday and three every day in the week would finish the entire 
book. It was many years before the dancing parties were re-established. 


The winter I was sixteen years old it was the worst winter of my life so 
far as food and clothing were concerned. If we could get two new print 
dresses during the year, we thought we were well clothed and one summer 
mother and I had one pair of shoes between us. It is safe to say they were 
worn only on rare occasions. The next summer after I was sixteen years old 
I attended a Sunday school several miles from our house, the first since coming 
into this new country. There would be the same singing and praying we 
heard at all the meetings and the teaching consisted of our repeating as many 
verses from the Bible as we had learned through the week. I have, and have 
always had a remarkable memory, and that summer I committed the four 
Gospels to memory and would repeat to the young man who did not teach, just 
listened to us recite, as many as two hundred verses at a session. It was the 
same young man who had put the wishbone over the door. He must have 
been struck with this peculiar mental power and fell in love with me. I 
returned the affection and the winter I was seventeen years old I was married. 
He owned eighty acres of timber land and so far as finances were concerned, 
nothing else. But he worked in Glen Arbor most of the time and earned food 
and clothing and some money. He had no home to take me to and I was to 
stay on with mother. I was fed and clothed and sometimes my good husband 
brought clothes for mother too. In May when the little eleven-months-old 
baby sister died it was buried in a little cofifin made by some kind-hearted man, 
a few neighbors gathered, a prayer was said, a hymn sung, some tears shed 
and the baby taken two miles away and laid to rest. People had begun to die 
in this new country and a little cemetery was started and already several graves 
gave evidence that one thing, the great Inevitable, could not be put off. 

The summer after we were married my husband chopped and cleared 
about one acre and built a tiny log dwelling on our eighty acres of land. 
When one and a half years had passed we went there to live. We were a half 
mile from water but were on level ground. I was now in my nineteenth year 
— happy in the love of my husband. I had married the finest youth in the 
country and our little dwelling was the best furnished for miles around. We 
had six rush bottom chairs, one walnut table, a cottage bedstead, a cook stove, 
two trunks, one rocking chair and some dishes, a few simple things to work 
with and enough bedding for one bed. Everything was new and at that time 
and in that place it had cost a large sum of money. I shall never forget the 
anguish I experienced over the first thing broken. We had a large lamp, the 
bottom of which got loose one day when I was washing it and the bottom fell 
out and struck the stove and broke all to pieces. I cried all day. There was 
a woman living a mile from me who listened to all sorrow and gave Christian 
advice and this being my first loss I went to her. She had lately come into 
the country and knew nothing of the privations of the people, that would come 
later. When she saw me she thought some awful calamity had befallen me, 
and really there had for the nearest lamp was twenty-five miles away. I told 
her my trouble, and she looked strangely at me and said, "You foolish child! 
Crying for a broken lamp bottom! You will cry for bigger things some day!" 
and going to a box she took out a lamp bottom prettier than the one I had 
broken and putting it into my hands said, "There, take that and stop your 
foolish tears, and then she took some plaster of paris and showed me how to 
repair the damage done. 

Father had made me a very large rain water tub, it held several barrels 
and this was the only well we had for several years. It would be filled with 
snow in the spring and a good tight cover kept the water 'clean and with the 
rain water we could catch we were usually supplied. My husband had a neck 
yoke and buckets and sometimes he carried the water from a pond a half a 
mile away. When my husband chopped the trees down he left a little clump 
of maple saplings at one end and side of our dwelling and this gave the place 


a picturesque appearance and the very first spring we went there two robins 
came and set up housekeeping in the young trees. I fed the birds and watched 
over their domestic plans and mode of life and we called them "Our Birds." 

In 1869, George Aylsworth moved his cord wood enterprise from the 
Manitou Island and established himself on the mainland at the point now called 
Empire. This opened a way for work to be obtained nearer than Glen A.rbor 
or Frankfort. The blast furnace at Frankfort used thousands of cords of hard 
wood in their coal kilns and many men from our section spent a part of the 
winter working at that point. But it was much more difficult to get to Frank- 
fort in the winter than to any other point where work could be obtained. They 
usually had to make a wide detour and go by way of Inland Township making 
the distance nearly forty miles. The snow was almost impassable and many 
settlers along the route would not see a traveler only on snow shoes during the 
entire winter. 

No sooner had the country been opened up so that it was possible to get 
in and out with a wagon and work had been provided so that some money 
could be obtained, the settlers turned their attention to the founding of schools. 
The first schoolhouses were rude log huts sometimes right in the woods. The 
first teachers were often beginners and the instruction of the simplest kind. 
But all this was a beginning and in a few years the young people from Ben- 
zonia College began to take schools and by their higher mental development 
stimulated many of the young girls of the section to attend the higher school 
at Benzonia and fit themselves for teaching. In timiC the schools of Grand 
Traverse region were noted for their efficient instructors. 

It was a happy day when we knew the great outside world was connected 
with us by a regular mail route. Sometimes it was difficult to keep the mail 
movmg in the winter time, but men turned out with oxen and horses too and 
helped open the way. Now when the mail route was established there was 
always a road of some kind in the winter to Traverse City. 

Traverse City was beginning to have a great influence in the country for a 
railroad from the outside world was gradually coming that way and in Decem- 
ber, 1872, reached its destination, bringing a wave ot immigration that was to 
influence the country for a time, in many ways. The coming of the railroad 
brought great changes to the country. 

Many of the early settlers left the country and all was changed. Matt 
Burnett purchased land from the government, made a large clearing, planted a 
fine orchard and put up good buildings. After seven years of solitude his wife 
persuaded him to move, which he did with only an accumulation of six 
hundred dollars. 

Mr. Hoxie mortgaged his land and started a store at Almira. At the end 
of five years he closed his business and buying a small piece of land again 
began all over. Two others tried the store and failed and numerous other 
instances could be cited. When my father had been nine years on his land he 
gave eighty acres to my brother Seth, mortgaged the remaining eighty for two 
hundred and fifty dollars and left the country in 1876. To my knowledge no 
one has since occupied his land. 

My brother Seth was married in 1880 and had one son and two daughters. 
It had been an unusually severe winter the snow lying six feet on the level 
aud all the roads were blocked. Seth started out to hunt a deer. While trying 
to climb over a fallen log he dropped his gun which in some way went oflf send- 
ing the charge through his hand. He was miles from home but guided by his 
compass he made his way to a man who had some medical skill. His rude 
surgery only made matters worse so my brother went to Traverse City twenty- 
five miles away where a doctor dressed the wound but used no anesthetics. 
His children playing on his lap absorbed the poison and all three died with 
malignant black diphtheria. Although my brother seemed to improve he 




O F 

T H E 

never recovered and that fall cumracted a cold which ended his life alter ten 
days suffering. 

Grand Traverse County is recovering from the desolation of denuded 
forests with just enough material left to feed the demons of forest fires. It is 
surely coming into its own with the promising products of potatoes, vegetables 
and fruits. 

Too late to save any of the original forests the great State of Michigan is 
attempting to aid nature in the restoration of the lost wealth of trees which so 
often were wasted, not utilized. Here again man thwarts the purpose by his 
carelessness or greed. I could relate personal incidents of where thoughtless 
acts started fires which wiped out the work of years and hopes for future 

Leelanau's German settlement has done much for the country. The 
second crop of trees has been harvested in the county but whether wisely or 
not time will show. Persons searching for homes have traversed the west and 
south and returned to settle in the Grand Traverse region. 


S. E. IVait IVrites of the Time ivhenlle Taught Aboard the " Madeline" 

"In November, 1851, five young men arrived at old Miss-'on on the 
schooner "Madeline," with the intention of wintering in the vicinity. Three of 
them were brothers, named Fitzgerald. William, captain of the 'Madeline,' 
engaged in the fishing trade between the North shore and Mackinaw Island; 


Michael, captain of the schooner 'Arrow,' which made weekly trips between 
Mackinaw Island and Old Mission, and John, a young brother. The fourtli 
was a friend of the Fitzgeralds, named William Bryce. The fifth was Edward 
Chambers, who was employed as cook. They were all good seamen but were 
deficient in education. An eager desire to learn was the occasion <if their 
coming. Here in the wilderness they would be removed from tlie allurements 
that might distract the attention in a populous part. It is probable also that 




diffidence arising from a consciousness of their own deficiences made them 
unwilling to enter public school where their limited attainments would be 
displayed in painful contrast with those of younger pupils. 

"At Old Mission, S. E. Wait, seventeen years of age, was engaged as 
teacher at $20 per month and board. Bryce and the Fitzgeralds were to pay the 
bill, the cook receiving his tuition in compensation for his services. The after 
hold was partitioned off for a kitchen, a sash placed at an angle of forty-five 
degrees over the after hatch furnished the light. A door was cut through to 
the cabin which was to be used as the school room. A blackboard was 
installed. The winter's provisions had been provided at Mackinaw, and when 
all was in readiness, the 'Madeline' was brougnt around to what has since been 
named Bowers Harbor and securely anchored for the winter. Regular hours 
of study were observed, and the men voluntarily submitted to strict school 
discipline. Spelling, reading, writing and arithmetic were the studies best 
suited to their needs. The evenings were taken up with blackboard exercises. 
At the end of each month a $20 gold piece was handed to the teacher. 

"Out of school hours they had plenty of exercise in cutting wood and 
bringing it on board to say nothing of the recreation of snowballing in which 
they sometimes engaged with the delight of genuine schoolboys. 

"The bay did not freeze over till March. Previous to the freezing, the 
wood was brought on board in the yawl; afterwards it was carried over the ice. 

"There was no nearer neighbor than at Old Mission, "and it'would have 
been an interesting sight to have seen them start out single file on the Indian 
trail on their occasional visits six miles distant to Old Mission. 

"In the breaking up of the Mormon kingdom on Beaver Island in 1856, 
the inhabitants scattered all through this region and a small contingent landed 
at the Harbor. Nicholas Bower, after whom the harbor was named; Royal 
Tucker, who later taught a weekly singing school at Old Mission, and two or 
three other families were the first settlers here. 

"Of the after history of the boys, William Fitzgerald sailed a few seasons 
and was later appointed as government inspector of hulls at Milwaukee. 
Michael sailed the schooner 'Arrow' between Old Mission and Mackinaw 
Island, followed the Great Lakes a few years and finally settled down on a 
farm near Port Huron. John sailed a few years and later came into possession 
of a shipyard in Milwaukee. William Bryce was lost track of. 

"Some years ago a yachting party consisting of J. A. Montague, C. K. 
Buck, H. D. Campbell and others of Traverse City, while cruising in Lake 
Superior, came across Ed Chambers as light keeper at White Fish Point. 
He later conducted a livery stable on Mackinaw Island, and I think the 
Chambers livery is still extant by his successors. The teacher, after many 
years of varied vicissitudes became a druggist in 1875, and is that still in 1918" 


FROXT STI-i:%ET 1865 





O F 

'1~ H E 


The first school established at the "Head of the Bay,'' We que-tong being: 
the Indian name, afterward Traverse City, was in 1863 in an abandoned log 
building which had been built by John B. Spencer and used by him for a stable 
while getting out logs and timber in the winter of 1851 and 52. It stood in a 
wild locality some distance from the main part of the settlement— what would 
now be corner Front and Wellington streets. Under the supervision of Mr. 
A. T. Lay the house was repaired and furnished with such appliances as cir- 
cumstances would admit of. The door was on the west side with a small 
window near it, and another on the east side of the room. A stove stood in 
the middle and teacher's desk near the west window. The floor was loose and 
open, and one occasion teacher and girls gathered their skirts about them and 
sprang upon the seats, as a snake with threatening looks and harmless intent 
was seen leisurely coming up through one of the chinks. 

The books were such as the pupils happened to have. Reading, 


Teacher LS.5.^-/S5-f 


Tiaclur ISt.l 

spelling, writing, arithmetic and geography were taught in the manner of the 
times. The teacher was Miss Helen R. Goodale, afterward Mrs. Thos. A. 
Hitchcock, daughter of Ur. D. C. Goodale who was postmaster and had charge 
of Hannah, Lay and Co. 's large boarding house. Miss Helen lived with her 
father's family tn the boarding house— her expenses being defrayed by patrons 
of the school or assumed by Hannah, Lay ik Co. according to contract. 

On the direct route the teacher had to cross the river on the boom near the 
saw mill on which the men at the mill were gallant enough to help her across. 
The following is the list of pupils who attended this first school. George, 
John, Thomas and Elizabeth Cutler, Almond and Ellen Rutherford, Augusta, 
Clarissa and Lucius Smith, Elizabeth Whitney, Daniel, Alexander, James and 




Jane Carmichael, Albert Norris and Agnes Goodale, sister of the teacher. 
The next summer the school was increased by the addition of James, William, 
John and Richard Garland, Melissa, Emma and Anna Rice, and Ruth Williams, 
also later Helen, Olive, Lucinda, Edward and Charles Blakely and the Trotman 
family of three children — Jane, Alfred and Belle. 

After the close of the first term Miss Helen went to Chicago, where she 
spent the winter in study. Returning in the spring she was again employed to 


".i M,**t*j^' ■■■/ 





teach in the log school house at an advance of fifty cents a week on her 
former wages. 

In 1855 it was found "necessary to have a school house for district No. 1," 
and a sum of $200 was voted "to be applied on said building.'' In 1856 $200, 
and in 1857 $250 more. This building was one story, on the site now occupied 
by the annex of Park Place hotel. In 1865 $800 was appropriated to repair the 
school house and build an addition. 

At the annual meeting in 1866 it was agitated to secure for school pur- 
poses the "park" which had been set aside by Hannah, Lay & Co. for a public 
park — and bounded by State, Park and Washington streets and Boardman 
avenue. As the town grew it was not deemed advisable to maintain it for the 
purpose of a park and Hannah, Lay & Co. expressed a willingness to have the 
plat vacated and used either for school building purposes or sold and the pro- 
ceeds applied for school building purposes. Two buildings were later erected 
on this plat. All these buildings were all occupied and as the town grew the 
Broadfoot building on State street was used until at our adjourned meeting on 
October 14, 1876, the committee consisting of J. G. Ramsdell, H. H. Steward, 
C. R. Paige, J. W. Hilton and William Holdsworth, appointed to select site for 


O L 1) 

S E T T 1. E R S 

O F 

T H E 

school buildings reported in favor of securing the block bounded by Wadsworth, 
Pine, Seventh and Eighth streets. This block was secured by exchange for the 
east side property and later a fine High School building was erected thereon, 
this showing the process of evolution from the little log stable on the bay shore. 
It is impossible to pursue the building operations to the present time, so 
will switch off to the matter of later teachers. In the winter (»f 1853-54 Miss 
Helen Gnmon, who was visiting her sister Mrs. Dr. Charlie Holton here, 
taught in the old Boardman boarding house located where what is now North 
Division street just off Front street. Miss Helen Goodale again taught in 
summer of 1854 in this boarding house. In the winter of 1854-55 the teacher 
was Farwell Campbell, the old boarding house again being occupied by the 
schools. In the winter of 1855-56 the teacher was a Prof, li^nos in a part of 


Horn June 1, 1846. Taugfht in Traverse City 
Schools 1870. 


Pioneer of 1870. Principal of Traverse Citv 
Schools from 1872 to 1881. 

what was afterward known as Front Street House. In the winter of 1856-57 
the teacher was Theron Bostwick in the new district school house, corner of 
Park and State streets. The Summer term of 1857 was taught by a young 
lady from Old Mission. The winter term of 1859 and (iO was taught by Miss 
Eugenia Steele, afterward Mrs. R. A. Campbell. The winter term of 1860-61 
by Howard Bristol. Miss Belle Hannah, afterward Mrs. Ayers, taught in the 
summer of 1861. The winter term of 1861-62 was taught by Mr. Cushman. 
Mrs Esther H. Day, afterward Mrs. Reuben Hatch, Jr., taught in summer of 
1862. The winter term of 1862-63 by Gilbert Campbell. Miss Martha E. 
Cram, afterward Mrs. Thos T. Bates, took the summer term of 1863. The 
1863-64 winter term was taught by Emerson Smith. Miss Martha E. Cram 
taught again in the summer of 1864. The winter term of 1864-65 was taught 
by Rev. J. H. Crum. The summer of 1865 by Miss Haight. Winter of 1865-66 

GRAND T R A V E R S K R E (^ I O N 39 

by Miss Maud Quackenbnsh. The summer term of 1866 was taught bv Richard 
Hoffman. The two terms of 1866-67 and 1867-68 were taught bv H.'P. Blake, 
1868-69 by S. G. Young. The terms of 1869-70 were taught by Albert Saylor, 
succeeded by Hervey H. Anderson, brother of W. S. Anderson, and the terms 
of 1870-71 by Prof. W. F. Saxton, who died before the expiration of the term, 
and was succeeded by Miss Eleanor (iriswold. The summer term of 1871 was 
in charge of John Nixon. 

In 1872 Prof Lorin Roberts from Benzonia was elected sui)erintendent 
with Mrs Mary K. Buck as teacher in the primary and Mrs. Mary A. S. 
Roberts in the intermediate. Mr. Roberts conducted the schools until his 
resignation in 1880 to enter the practice of law. 

In 1880 Prof. S. G. Burkhead was engaged, retiring in 1884 when Prof. 
C. T. Grawn was engaged holding the position of superintendent until his 
resignation in 1899. Later he took the superintendency of the State Normal 
School at Mt. Pleasant. During his residence in Traverse City the schools 
attained a high degree of excellency, being placed on the Ann Arbor list. 

On Prof. Grawn's resignation, Principal C H. Horn was appointed super- 
intendent, he holding the position until 1902 when he resigned to accept a 
chair at Grinnell University, Iowa, and Prof. I. B, Gilbert of St. Johns 
succeeded to the position. 

Prof. Gilbert held the position until in June, 1911, when Prof. L. L. Tyler was 
appointed and held the position until on February 23, 1918, when he was 
granted a year's absence to join the Y. M. (J. A. at the war front in France, 
and was succeeded by Prof. Geo. H. Curtis, principal of the High School. 


/>i .-Ida A". Spiaj^iir Piall 

I have been asked to tell something of society in Traverse City in the 
early days. It would be difficult to tell of a thing which did not exist, and 
there was certainly nothing which could have answered to that name. If there 
were the "400" some of the dusky damsels of the wigwams and the braves of 
the forests must have been included; but there were social conditions of which 
I love to think, and of which I am not averse to speak. 

To begin with I will tell that we all came from somewhere, none were 
indigenous to the soil, none to the manor born; but we had been born else- 
where, and from choice or stress of fortune had found ourselves in a little 
hamlet at the head of Grand Traverse bay, and. after the first bit of homesick- 
ness wore off v.'e liked it — the hamlet and the bay and each other, which was 
certainly very fortunate — but then yoT!i see we were a very good sort of people 
— at least that was our estimate of each other, and so we proceeded to have 
just as good a time as possible under the circumstances. We had plenty to eat 
though the variety was decidedly limited, but that was all right for everybody 
had, or could have the same things. Corned beef, salt pork and fresh fish. 
Once a week Hannah, Lay & Co. would have one of their old oxen killed and 
everybody would buy a piece and that would stay by us sometime. For 
several years we had only cove oysters and when the stage route was estab- 
lished we could occasionally get fresh ones, but we indulged sparingly for fear 
of spoiling our already cultivated taste for the cove oysters. When I think of 
some of the coffee we got during those war times I can but' think what a for- 
tune a Postum man could have made. We had to take our peaches from the 
tin cans of commerce but our berries, such as blue berries, raspberries and 



blackberries were delicious and we put them up for winter in jugs with sealing 
wax on the corks tor the self-sealer had not come into use then. Grand Trav- 
erse beat the world then as now in the matter of potatoes, and nearly every 
family kept a cow so you see we did not lack for good things to eat. The 
Propeller Alleghany brought in the fall all necessary supplies for the next 
winter. In the spring we did not have to look in the daily paper to see if the 
ice was breaking in the bay. It used to start from the shore with a good stout 
south wind and then we would go and sit upon the beach and watch it as it 
drifted away out into Lake Michigan. I now recall a bit of poetry Mrs. Bates 


'ioneer of 1861. Born in (lill, Mass.. Augfust 16, 1843. Charter member of Ladies' Library Association. 

Organizer of Eastern Star of Traverse City: 

made when she and I were sitting gazing out upon the blue waters. If it had 
been made public we might think Tennyson had read it when he wrote his 
Song of the Sea, but I now present it to the public for the first time: 

Break, break, break, 

Against the old dock come kerslam. 
Making sweet music in the soul 

Of Ada Sprague and Martha Cram." 

As to the matter of dress we mostly wore what we brought with us, but if we 
wanted to make a new gown we consulted Peterson's Magazine for styles. 


The first party held after I came was upon the evening of my arrival and I 
was too tired to attend. It was in the unfinished Herald building, where the 
Hamilton-Milliken block now stands. Albert Bacon was one of our business 


men and owned the only horses not in constant use. They were a span of 
lively Indian ponies. Often during an afternoon we would receive a note 
reading: "The houses of (ioodale and Sprague will please hold themselves in 
readiness to take a sleigh ride tonight," and at seven o'clock a long sleigh box 
with straw covered bottom would appear at our door with possibly one or two 
occupants besides Mr. Bacon and we would go. My! what joy it was. The 
sleighing good, air clear and bracing and young blood flowing through our 
veins kept us warm. H. D. Jampbell had a housekeeper at his farm at Silver 
Lake and we would often drive up there taking our cans of cove oysters and 
bags of crackers with us. 


The first real dancing party I attended was Washington's birthday of 1862. 
Mr. Bacon took a load of six (including himself) with his sleigh and ponies and 
we reached Elk Rapids in time for dinner. The party was to be held at the 
Stocking House and we drove directly there. I remember the building well 
for a small tower was upon the top overlooking the broad expanse of East Bay 
and the proprietor called it his "purgatoiy," but of course we all knew he 
meant observatory. After dinner we visited and told stories until supper time, 
then the supper tables cleared were as soon as possible and by seven or half past 
the dance begin. Michael Gay and J. E. Greilick, who accompanied our party, 
played the violins. Those two instruments furnished the best music I have 
ever heard at a party. It was almost morning when we retired but betimes 
were off for a ride about the little hamlet. After dinner Mr. Bacon took some 
of us to his farm across Elk Lake. The ice rumbled ominously and great 
cracks yawned in all directions but it did not seem so hazardous until we had 
learned that the ice all left the lake the next day. We danced a short time 
that evening but soon gave it up to gather about a huge fire and listen to 
stories from the lips of Mr. A. S. Wadsworth, tales of personal adventure and 
hair breadth escapes told as only he could tell them. It was near Sunday 
morning before we retired, but we were up in time to hear a good Methodist 
sermon at the school house. After dinner we started home taking Mr. Wads- 
worth with us and stopping at his store located at Petobego Lake. It was a 
low two story log building, the lower part used as a boarding house for his 
men and the upper for a store to furnish supplies. He had a small assortment 
of trinkets and the boys bought souvenirs for each of the girls. 1 have mine 
yet. We reached home just at dark a tired but happy crowd. The next 
summer I went over the same route on the back of one of the same ponies we 
rode after then. We had dancing parties at various places after that. At the 
Gunton House, Hannah & Lay's boarding house and often one at Mr. Hannah's 
house. In the winter we had singing school too, and it is possible one or two 
are present who will remember the singing teacher who would say with great 
emphasis, "Now, all ascend up," as he flourished his heavy baton and run the 
scale from "do" to high "C." I have always wondered why it was, with such 
advantages I never became a singer, but some how I escaped. 

There were candy pulls and pop corn parties. We were all readers as well 
as workers and the larger number of adult women were, as well as most of the 
men, exceedingly well informed upon all current topics. With the mail coming 
once a week we were well supplied with reading matter (we always took a 
large market basket to the post office.) What one had we all had or were 
welcome to have; and all were liberal subscribers to the periodicals of the day. 
The kindly atmosphere which, like the breath of our own pine woods, pervaded 
the place and made us feel like one large household and the desire for intelli- 
gent companionship was mutual. We met and discussed what we read, always 
with a keen interest in the movements of the great outside world so full of war 
and strife. Our few soldier boys were sent off with as hearty a God speed as 


ever followed a whole regiment. Science, art, inventions, religion, all received 
our attention. To the ladies who think they cannot call a company together 
without holding forth bridge, eucre or some form of amusement I just want 
to say a game of cards was never, to my knowledge, played in Traverse City 
during all those early years. In the spring the maple sugar camps were fre- 
quently visited and those of us who did not go to "Jericho'' went elsewhere to 
the sugarings off, sure to have a good time wherever it was, for the good 
reason that we carried it with us. Hospitality was everywhere where the 
smoke of a chimney curled and try as we might there was no such things as 
forestalling an invitation. The old received the greatest consideration and the 
young the kindest attention. Like one great family we were dependent upon 
each other and everybody found happiness in helping to make others happy. 
One very enjoyable event occurred with great regularity during a few months 
of the year. 


When the old Propeller Alleghany's whistle was heard in the vicinity of 
Marion Island (then prempted by Albert Bacon and called Island No. 10) 
everybody started for the dock ready to hear the news and welcome all new 
comers. Then too just to look at the boat was a source of joy for she had 
come direct from the outside world from which we were cut off. If she 
whistled just before noon on Sunday I will not tell you that any left Divine 
service but the minister would hasten to pronounce the benediction while he 
had an audience. We went about a great deal upon the water in crafts of all 
kinds and when H. D. Campbell was married to Miss Kate Carmichael six of 
us were invited to go with them upon the Alleghany to Port Sarnia and Port 
Huron. It was a fine trip and ever to be remembered by the few of us left, 
for out of the party invited including bride and groom, only one is left. The 
stanch old captain and his mates passed away years ago. 

We had wonderful Christmas trees then standing all about us the year 
around, but the evening of the 24th of December would find us crowded into 
the old school house with its half dozen kerosene lamps, and a tree all aglow 
with bits of candles and tinsel, strings of pop corn and bits of bright tin. Then 
too the best of it was everybody within a radius of two miles was remembered 
without one exception. The baby with a pair of shoes or a rattle, the needy 
with a ham, a sack of flour or a dried apple cake. Butter was scarce and very 
dear but with the spice it was impossible to detect the lard smuggled in for 
shortening. 1 could tell of many things of interest as the years passed on. 


I think our first club was called "The Mutual Admiration Society" and 
good literary work was done by the young people. Those were good old 
pioneer days but much as they were enjoyed then I would not recall them. 
Why, the first time I went to New York I went in February of 1868 on stage to 
Grand Rapids. Left here at seven on Tuesday morning and we rode until ten 
or half past nights getting to Grand Rapids at 3:30 the afternoon of the follow- 
ing Friday. We made good time too and did not feel very tired. Now we go 
to Grand Rapids and reach there in less than five hours all tired out and ex- 
claim it was such a long dreary ride! 

Everything goes by steam and electricity so much now a days we are con- 
stantly desiring more rapid transit. I am very proud of our Queen City by the 
bay and ain only sad that the dear ones who lived those pioneer days with us 
cannot see the wonderful development of our town and country. I still contend 
that no one who attends the "Movies" has any more real pleasure out of them 
than we did when we paid out ten cents to go into a ten by twelve show tent 
(which would come once in a while upon the boats) to view the great living 


wonders of the age or took our work at two o'clock and together with other 
ladies and their husbands sat down to a hearty six o'clock combination dinner 
and supper. 


Just after the first troops were sent out from Southern Michigan, my 
mother and I accompanied my brother Mr. E. L. Sprague, who had been in Elk 
Rapids and Traverse City several years, to Chicago, where at that time the 
remains of Stephen A. Douglas lay in state. After a stay there of thirty-six 
hours we took passage on board the Propeller Alleghany, owned by Hannah, 
Lay & Co.. with George Boynton for captain, George Baldwin first mate and 
Eli Coon second mate. After a ride of thirty hours with Lake Michigan on 
her very best behavior we reached this port at seven o'clock on the morning of 
June 10, 1861. It was one of those perfect days immortalized by the poet 
Lowell because so rare. As the good old captain pulled into the dock he was 
greeted by Perry Hannah (then only thirty six years old) who stood with 
hands ready to grasp the mail pouches while he asked eagerly for the latest 
war news. 

There seemed a Sabbath's stillness in the air broken only by the noise of 
the boat and the dreamy buzzing of the saws at the one mill, as they passed 
through the huge pine logs. Then we waded through the sand and sawdust to 
Dr. Goodale's house where we were to board until we could go to housekeep- 
ing. That morning begun a friendship between the two families broken only 
as death has severed the links. Ten ate breakfast there that morning, and 
today only one of the ten are living. The house stood where the Hotel Whit- 
ing now stands and the house we were to occupy was where Barnum & Earl's 
jewelry store is. Mr. Smith Barnes was store manager for Hannah, Lay & Co. 
and boarded at the Doctor's. During a few week's absence of Mrs. Barnes, 
and with his usual desire to make the women folks comfortable, backed plank, 
and laid a walk with his own hands between the two back doors so we would 
not have to empty our shoes of sand after making a neighborly call. 


I wish I could make you see Traverse City as T saw it that beautiful 
morning. I had never lived in but one town and that a village with churches 
of various denominations, a Union school and situated on the M. C. R. R. so I 
did not expect a very large city, but why did they call it a city? The name 
city seemed such a misnomer, but the men who gave the name must have had 
the faith of the mother who always made her boy's clothes too large for him 
and when interviewed upon the subject replied, "Johnny will grow to them" 
and Johnny did grow to them and we have grown to have a legal right to our 
name of city and more than that we are proud to be called the "Queen City of 
the North." I will acknowledge that fifty-seven years ago it took a great 
stretch of imagination to see much of a city here. All of the north side of 
Front Street was grown up to wild roses, brakes and blueberry brush. I have 
many times picked quarts of berries there. 

As I said before, the houses were all upon the south side of the street. 
Beginning at the east end was a small part of what has of late been called 
"Cottage Home" but was then our grandest hotel, owned and named by the 
proprietor, "The Gunton House." Mr. Gunton's daughter, Mrs. B. J. Mor- 
gan, has lived continuously during her life of half a century upon the one 
block, with the exception of a temporary residence upon the next block while 
the new house was being constructed. There was a small frame dwelling just 
south of the hotel. West was an old log house where Miss Helen Goodale, 
later Mrs. T. A. Hitchcock, taught the first school, but then used as a dwelling 
by Gustavus Brown. No other building until we reached the southeast corner 

44 OLD S E T T L E R vS OF T H E 

of Front and Park Streets, where stood a small dwelling to be seen only a year 
ago. The small building back of it, later a bicycle repair shop, was a store 
with a stock of goods owned by H. D. Campbell and A. W. Bacon. Next was 
a hotel run by Wm. Fowle and called "The Fowle House. ' A. V. Friedrich's 
block stands upon its site. 

Morgan Bates was just erecting a one story office building on the corner 
where the First National Bank is located, and where Dreamland stands was a 
small cottage atterwards owned by Smith Barnes. As I mentioned before, our 
own house stood where Barnum & Earl's jewelry store is and where Mr. 
Kyselka's store stands we had a very nice vegetable garden, that part of the 
lot having been enriched by many loads of heavy soil. Dr. Goodale's resi- 
dence was a few feet west and was used as a dwelling house, Doctor's office 
and the post ofifice. The township library was also kept there. Then came 
the house occupied as a private dwelling by Thomas Cutler and in later years 
added to and used as a hotel bearing the stately name of Mansion House. To- 
day we see the ground covered by the Wilhelm Block. There was no 
house near the Leelanau county hne except on the corner of Bay and Elm- 
wood. Albert Bacon owned it then, built a small dwelling house and called 
the place Lincolnville. Coming back we find an old flour mill about where the 
intersection of North Division and Front street is. Mr. Hannah's cottage was 
a part of the cottage still standing on Bay street. Farther north were some 
old hay sheds, then came some rude dwellings used by the mill men with 
families. The location on Bay street was known as Slab City and all the 
houses west were located in Bagdad. There was a certain jealousy existing 
between these localities and I always suspected the Slab Cityites felt more 
aristocratic because they possessed the one house with a real brick chimney, 
and the Bagdadites were possibly envious of it. Mr. Dominic Dunn lived in 
a small house west of the Wilhelm Block and Joseph Knizek occupied a very 
small house west of that one, some of it being used as a shoe shop. Away 
out on Washington street stood a small new dwelling painted white and occu- 
pied by Morgan Bates. It is the upright part of Mrs. Lorin Roberts' house. 
A low school house (used as a court house during session of circuit court) 
stood where Park Place Annex stands. There had been upon the public 
square two buildings known respectively as Court House and Jail but the 
former was burned a short time before I came here and the Jail was of little 
value. Crossing the wooden bridge at North Union street we find upon the 
right a two story wooden building occupied by Hannah, Lay & Co. who were 
then as now "Dealers in Everything." L^pon the left was an old tool house 
and Hannah. Lay & Co's. boarding house for their men. Later it was very 
much added to and known as the "Bay House," afterward the Pangborn House 
and was burned January, 1902. The Grand Traverse Herald office and the U. 
S. Land offices occupied a small building just west upon Bay street and Mr. 
Germaine resided just west of that. Aside from the necessary outbuildings 
and barns I think I have recalled every structure near Traverse City. It was 
all woods south of town, no dwelling in that direction nearer than where Mr. 
Ransom now lives. That was Bohemia town, where as young lads resided 
many of our respected business men of today. This is the way I first saw 
Traverse City fifty-seven years ago. 


There is one thing more I wish to speak of, that is our cemetery. When 
I came the only burial place was on the bank of the Boardman river, east of 
the Carnegie Library, and about where the park is now located. 

In 1861 the Board of Supervisors arranged for forty acres of land and 
while they felt certain not more than half of it would be used they wanted to be 
sure and have enough for all time to come. The population was small and 


people were shamefully healthy. The first person buried in the new ground 
was John Hopper who was accidentally killed by his gun. 

I have no doubt that incident gave rise to an item I saw afterwards in a 
Pennsylvania paper stating that Traverse City, Michigan was such a healthy 
place they "had to kill a man to start a burying ground." We still claim ours 
is a healthy climate but all manner of diseases have been brought to us unti. 
now our City of the Dead is becoming crowded and we have added more acres 


At the time of the World's Fair at Chicago in 1892, J. W. Milliken erected 
a small cottage on the Fair grounds to entertain his Traverse City friends, 
Mrs. Mary K, Buck wrote the following poem in commemoration of the event, 
at a reunion at "Edgewood" in the cottage which had been placed there. 

Oh, here's to the cottage we fondly remember, 

That squatted last year on a bit of wild ground, 
From some time in June till the chilly November, 

With the Fair to the North, and the prairie around. 
Should you ask me the style of its quaint architecture 

I fear 1 should be quite unable to tell; 
But with beds that are downy, snug walls to protect ye, 

And fare that was dainty, you lived like a swell 
In that queer little cottage, the Milliken cottage. 

The dear little cottage that sheltered us well. 

No portico vast, neither turret nor gable, 

Could add to that cottage one beauty or grace; 
But Queen Anne lent a hand to preparing its table. 

And reigned in its kitchen with bright, smiling face, 
And the guests, with their grips and their telescopes handy. 

Whose fortune it was in that cottage to dwell, 
Pronounced it, in language emphatic, "a dandy," 

And still of its pleasures they oft love to tell : 
That wonderful cottage, the Milliken cottage, 

The dear little cottage we all loved so well. 

'J'he wonder was great that so lowly a dwelling 

Could harbor so many its four walls within — 
Those walls were of rubber, so yielding and swelling. 

Its inside was cosy, its roof was of tin. . 
A puzzle it seemed to the crowds passing by it— 

Some thought it a side-show, and others a bar. 
But little cared they whom good luck brought anigh it, — 

And many who gathered from near and from farc- 
in that queer little cottage, that wide-spreading cottage, 

That stood with its friendly door ever aiar. 

When at night from our sight-seeing, weary, returning. 

How gladly we welcomed its bright, homelike cheer: — 
The table well spread, anu the lamp softlv burning, 

And freinds from the northland who gathered anear, 
Though Time may blot out, with his grimy old finger, 

Full many a scene that is charming and rare. 
Yet long in our mem'ries the cottage will linger 

That J. W. Milliken took to the fair. 
That queer little cottage, that low-spreading cottage, 
^ The cottage that sheltered us royally there. 




O F 



The pioneer settler of Elk Rapids was 
Abram S. Wadsworth. He was a native 
of Durham, Conn. Came to the Grand 
Traverse region in 1846. In 1847 he built 
a small log cabin near the present site of 
the town hall. This was the first building 
put up by a white man in Antrim county. 
About that time he was employed by the 
government in the re-survey of lands and 
with the funds arising from his work he 
erected a house on his lands and late in 
the fall his family settled therein. In 1850 
and 51 he built the first saw mill on the 
east side of the bay, James McLaughlin 
superintending the work. 

Elk Rapids, River and Lake were so 
named by him because of a pair of elk 
horns which he found in the sand at the 
mouth of the river. He named Round 
Lake from its shape and Clam Lake from 
the vast number of clams found in the 
river. Torch Lake was so named by the 
Indians because of the fishing lights 'used 
on the lake. Was-wah-go-nink signifies a 
lake of torches. 

In the spring of 1852 the village of 
Elk Rapids was laid out by A. S. Wads- 
worth. Lots were sold at twenty-five 
dollars each. The first two lots, where the town hall now stands, were sold to 
James McLaughlin, in payment for which he gave a blacksmith's bellows. 
Among those who came that season was Michael Gay, John Lake, Jared 
Stocking, John B. Spencer and their families. The year 1853 brought many 
changes. Large additions of imigrants were made to the population. Among 
these were John Denahy, Elvin L. Sprague, Jared W. Arnold, Donald F. 
Parks, Alexander Campbell and Hiram Robinson. Early this year Mr. Wads- 
worth sold his mill to James Rankin & Sons who built a store and brought in 
a stock of goods. Jared Stocking opened a hotel. The following winter Mr. 
Wadsworth built another saw mill on the site of the mill since owned by Dexter 
& Noble, Mr. Northam having charge of the business. The mill was scarcely 
completed when it was sold to M. Craw & Co., of which firm Mr. Wirt Dexter 
was the principal partner. A notable event of this year was the opening of the 
first school. The school district was organized in May, 1853, and the school 
was taught by George W. Ladd, a young man from Old Mission. Another 
event of 1853 was the establishment of a postoffice. The first postmaster was 
Theron Bostwick. In September, 1855, Mr. Henry H. Noble came to Elk 
Rapids as an employe of M. Craw & Co. He was born in Palmyra, N. Y., 
August 25, 1823; two years later his parents removed to Washtenaw County, 
Mich., where subsequently he engaged in the mercantile business. 

Among the arrivals in 1856 was S. E. Wait, who entered the employ of 
M. Craw & Co. April 1st continuing with them during the existence of the 

Pioneer of 1846 


firm, and subsequently with Dexter & Noble, excepting the year 1860 when he 
built the schooner Zephyr for Dr. Thomas Fearnside of Old Mission, 1861 at 
Old Mission, and 1862 teaching the government Indian schools at Middle 
Village and Pashawbatown, until the fall of 1865, teaching the Elk Rapids 
school during the winter of 1865-66, moving to Traverse City in the spring of 
1866. In the fall of 1856 the firm of M. Craw & Co. was dissolved and a 
new one organized under the name of Dexter & Noble, Wirt Dexter and 
Henry H. Noble being the only partners. 


Charlevoix in the early days was known as Pine River. At this point as 
at all the lake points, the first comers were fishermen. As early as 1852 and 
perhaps earlier fishermen were located here and in the spring of 1853 quite a 
colony had collected. Capt. T. D. Smith had an establishment southwest of 
the mouth of the river, four families west of Smith, three at the mouth of the 
river and one, half a mile farther north. These homes contained families of 
women and children. 

Trouble arose between the fishermen and the Mormons of Beaver Island, 
whose history will appear elsewhere under the title, "King Strang's Home," 
caused a scattering of the fishermen in fear of being attacked by overpowering 
numbers of the Mormons, so Pine River seems to have been an abandoned 
settlement until the spring of 1854 when George Preston and family arrived 
from Beaver Island and took possession of one of the houses on the north side 
of the river. Soon after the arrival of Preston, Galon B. Cole and family 
arrived from Fox Island on the schooner "Dolphin." These were Mormons 
as were also Medad Thompson and Widow Ring who arrived in the fall, and 
Adam See and Daniel Alvord in the spring of 1855. 

On the 11th of May, 1855 John S. Dixon and family arrived at the mouth 
of Pine River from Old Mission in the little schooner "Emeline." The party 
consisted of Mr. and Mrs. Dixon, their three children and Mr. Wolcott and 
Frank May. No sooner were the Dixon's party and etfects landed than the 
captain of the "Emeline," who was in bad odor with the Mormons, fearing an 
attack set sail and the schooner soon disappeared in the distance. Mr. Dixon 
had brought with him a considerable amount of supplies, including a small 
boat and some lumber. Of the latter a temporary residence was built on the 
beach, in which the family remained for the next three days. The three days 
were spent in clearing a path along the south margin of the stream, then by 
towing, the family and goods were transported up the river and landed on the 
north shore where the stream leaves Round Lake. At this point they found a 
small settlement of Mormons who regarded Mr. Dixon with suspicion and 
plainly indicated that he was not welcome. There had been several fisherman's 
shanties on his premises. ( Mr. Dixon's purchase of a considerable tract of 
land lying on Pine River and Round and Pine Lakes had been consummated a 
year ))efore.) One of these shanties was still standing when he first landed 
from the "Emeline" but had been torn down in the meantime. However he 
soon had it so fnr rebuilt as to be able to occupy it as a temporary dwelling in 


which his family resided for some time until having become thoroughly dis- 
couraged by the constant annoyance of the Mormons and feeling his inability 
to successfully oppose by force or otherwise protect his property against their 
depredations he reluctantly decided to abandon the settlement and accordingly 
wrote Lewis iMiller at Old Mission to send a vessel to carry them away. The 
sloop "Defiance," Capt. Sheppard, was sent and after consultation and delioer- 
ation it was decided to send his family to Northport, Mr. Dixon to remain. 
About the first of August, 1856. the small schooner "Rover" arrived whose 
crew and passengers were Samuel Horton and family and two young men, 
John Newman and Archie Buttars. 

At the closing in of the winter of 1856-57 there were four families in the 
Pine River region, those of Medad Thompson, J. S. Dixon, Samuel Horton 
and John Miller and the two young men Newman and Buttars. Mr. Buttars 
soon went to Elk Rapids thence to Traverse City and Northport and did not 
return to Charlevoix until 1869. 

John S. Dixon was born in Mexico, Orange County, N. Y., August 24, 
1818. His father was Rev. David R. Dixon, a graduate of Yale College and a 
Presbyterian clergyman at Mexico. John S. married July 1, 1866, Phebe S. 
Pratt at Orwell, Ashtabula County, Ohio. She was born at Lynn. Conn., 1820. 
They had five children. The plat of Charlevoix was made by Mr. Dixon in 


Little Traverse Bay and the resorts along its shores have become famous, 
owing to the wonderful climatic advantages. The location and chirography 
around the Bay encouraged the belief that only a fragment of its early history 
has been prepared. The points most prominently associated with Indian and 
missionary history are L'Arbre Croche, Cross Village, Middle Village and 
Little Traverse. 

L'Arbre Croche, meaning crooked tree, was a short distance above Middle 
Village. At that point stood a tall crooked pine tree, which occupied an 
elevated position and could be seen far out upon the lake. 

Back to the year 1825 we find the Catholics returning to re-establish mis- 
sions that had been abandoned. First a church was built at Middle Village 
and in 1827 the mission was moved to Little Traverse. About this time a 
church was built at Cross Village. 

In 1855 Father Weikamp established a convent at Cross Village. The 
early history of Bear Creek (Muh(]uh Sebing) is almost entirely confined to 
matters connected with the Presbyterian mission which was established in 
1852. About the year 1851 the number of Ottawas and Chippewas at this point 
was increased by the coming of several families from Old Mission where Rev. 
Peter Dougherty had been laboring. By request of Mr. Dougherty and a 
favorable report by him, after visiting there in the winter of 1851 and 2. the 
Presbyterian Board decided to establish a mission at this point and Mr. Andrew 
Porter, who had previously spent some time as teacher at Old Mission, was 
appointed for the work. Mr. Porter with his family, left his home in Pennsyl- 
vania early in 1852. arriving at his destination the first of June. From Mack- 
inaw he came in the schooner Eliza Caroline, Captain Kirkland. the captain 
bringing him for a very small sum. On leaving the vessel the party were 
kindly received by the head man. Daniel Wells (Mwa-ke-we-nah) whom the 
band afterward elected chief, and who, a few years later, laid down his life for 


the country in the war of the rebellion. He placed his best room at the 
disposal of Mr. Porter till the mission house could be built. The place selected 
for the mission was on high land west of Bear Creek, half a mile back from the 
bay. For a long time the Indians took a deep interest in the school. This 
statement is illustrated by a touching incident related by Mr. Porter. Joseph 
Na-bah-na-yah-sung, or as he named himself, Gibson, a boy about ten years 
old, while the school was suspended for sugar making one spring had the 
misfortune to break his leg between the ankle and the knee. When the school 
was opened again he was still unable to walk. With womanly devotion his 
mother and sister alternately carried him three-ciuarters of a mile to school 
every day on their shoulders. He died, as many other noble men died, in the 
Andersonville prison. In the spring of 1855 Rev. H. W. Guthrie, later of 
Chilicothe, Ohio, was appointed by the Presbyterian Board as missionary to 
Bear Creek and Middle Village. During 1856 he organized a church which is 
now known as the First Presbyterian Church of Petoskey. For the first two 
or three years the expense of the mission was borne wholly by the Presby- 
terian Board. After the establishment of Indian schools by the government 
about 1860 or 61, the one at the mission was adopted by the agent, Hon. D. C. 
Leach, as a government school, and the usual salary was paid to Mr. Porter as 
teacher. The other teachers of the government Indian schools were William 
H. Fife at Little Traverse and S. E Wait at Middle Village, two of the pupils 
of the latter Pe-en (Peter) and Ke-no-de-go Pe-to-se-ga, probably grand- 
children of Ignatius Pe-to-se-ga, after whom the city of Petoskey was named. 
Mr. Wait was in 1862 transferred by Mr. Leach to the Indian school at Pashaw- 
batown on Grand Traverse Bay. Hazen Ingalls was the first settler who came 
to Bear Creek for the purpose of making a home. In the spring of 1866 he 
bought the water power and saw mill of Messrs. Fox & Rose. The saw mill, 
a small affair, had been built by Harvey Porter, a brother of Andrew Porter, 
about the vear 1862. Afterward the mill was changed into a grist mill. 

The building of the Grand Rapids and Indiana Railroad was the incentive 
to the development of the natural resources at this point and its improvement 
as a village site. Messrs. H. O. Rose and Amos Fox who had b^en pioneer 
business men in the Traverse Region nearly twenty years, bought about two 
hundred acres of land at this place. In the summer of 1873 the railroad to 
this point was approaching completion and Mr. Rose came here for the purpose 
of beginning business. The firm of H. O. Rose & Co., consisting of H. O. 
Rose and Amos Fox commenced selling goods in a small log building near the 
residence of Ignatius Pe-to-se-ga in June 1873. The firm was increased by 
one member in 1874 and consisted of Amos Fox of Charlevoix, H. O. Rose of 
Petoskey— which he laid out this year, and Archibald Buttars of Charlevoix, 
Mr. Buttars taking sole charge of this store and also their store at Charlevoix. 
Ignatius Pe-to-se-ga (Rising Sun) after whom the village of _ Petoskey was 
named, was born near where Manistee now stands in 1787. His parents, who 
were Chippewas and whose home was near Little Traverse, were down there 
on a hunting and trapping trip. His father's name was Nee-i-too-shing, 
"Early Dawn." 


formerly called Little Traverse, is an incorporated village situated on the 
north of Little Traverse Bay upon a beautiful harbor formed by Harbor Point, 
a narrow peninsula and beautiful summer resort, nearly a mile in length and 
three-quarters of a mile in width, on whose extreme point is located the Light 
House, which has been faithfully cared for until recently by Mrs. Daniel 
(Elizabeth Whitney) Williams since soon after its erection, the lamp being 
lighted for the first time September 25, 1884. Mrs. Williams had previously 
been lightkeeper on Beaver Island, succeeding her former husband, Mr. Vai; 



O F 


Riper, who with the first mate of the schooner "Thomas Howland" was 
drowned in efforts to rescue occupants of the wreck. 

The location of Harbor Springs is an admirable one for commerce, being 
nearly on the line of lake traffic and having one of the best 
harbors on the whole chain of lakes. It was this harbor that gave the 
place its Indian name We-que-ton-sing, a name since appropriated by one of 
the neighboring resorts. 

The authentic and legionary history of the village is full of interest. 
Pieces of ancient crockery have been found here indicating that it was once a 
stopping place of the extinct race of Mound Builders on their journeys from 



I'ioneer of Traverse City in 1853, Light-keeper on Beaver Island and Little Traverse. 

Auther of "A Child of the Sea." 

Mexico to the Lake Superior mines. About the year 1827 the Catholics came 
to Little Traverse and built a church of cedar logs and covered with bark. 
This was built by Rev, Fr, Peter De Jean who was the first resident priest at 
this point. Rev. Father Zorn had afterward been priest here for more than a 
quarter of a century. Among the acts of Father De Jean may be mentioned 
his f(jiinding of a liquor law which prohibited the use and sale of liquor and 
what was rigidly enforced until about 1854. In the fall of 1853 Richard Cooper 
arrived here on the trading schooner Eliza Caroline — built on St, Helena Island 
by Walter Whitney — and opened a store. At this time fisherman had already 
established themselves at several points on the northern part of Lake Mich- 
igan, Charles R, Wright, accompanied by Albert Cable, arrived here at this 
time, Mr, Wright erecting a cooper shop and dwelling and remained about 


three years makinsf fish barrels; he then went to Beaver Island where he 
remained until 1881 in the mercantile business, when he returned here. In 
1861 a postoffice was established with Andrew J. Blackbird as postmaster. 


Andrew J. Blackbird — Mak-a-te-bin-essi — was an Ottawa Indian, son of 
Black Hawk — Makatebinessi — was born near the Traverse Region about 1820. 
In the fall of 1827 his father came to little Traverse. Andrew having learned 
enough of the mode and manners of civilized life to have a desire for knowl- 
edge determined to secure an education. With this purpose in mind he went 
to Twinsburg, Ohio, where he entered school and remained until he had a fair 
education and later attended the State Normal School at Ypsilanti. He was 
for several years special interpreter, and always occupied local prominence on 
account of his relations with both races. He died September 7th, 1908 leaving 
a wife, an English woman, who he married in Toledo, Ohio, one daughter and 
three sons. His remarkable memory had stood him in good stead and in addi- 
tion to the Indian dictionaries and other Indian text books which he had pub- 
lished had put much time and thought upon manuscript of the Indian legions 
and folklore for which the Ottawa Indians are noted. 


"Aunt Margaret," sister of A. J. Blackbird and whose Indian name is 
O-ga-be-jig-ok-we, is also noted for her work in translations of the Ottawa 
language and her influence over the Indians of the district. In the autumn of 
1876 she made a journey to Washington in the interest of some Indian families 
who had failed to receive deeds of the lands they had purchased. President 
Grant listened to her with the utmost respect and assured her that everything 
would be made right. After their business talk was concluded, he took her on 
his arm into another apartment and introduced her to his wife and several 
other ladies. 

When she went to Washington she took a basket of her work and selling 
it along the way paid the expenses of her journey. 


The year of 1871 was an epoch in the history of Traverse City when 
Hannah, Lay & Co. brought out their elegant steamer "City of Traverse." 
She was built in the ship yard of Quaile & Martin, Cleveland, Ohio, under the 
supervision of David Bauld who was afterward chief engineer of the boat, was 
225 feet long, breadth of beam 32 feet 9 inches. Cabin 90 feet long 12 feet 
wide with 21 large state rooms. Carrying capacity 640,000 feet of lumber and 
fine accommodations for 75 passengers. She was launched on the 13th of 
March and left Cleveland for Traverse City on the 26th of April, It was the 
purpose to have her make weekly trips between Traverse City and Chicago. 
Grain freights being so high made an inducement for the proprietors to take 
her off her regular trips for four trips with grain from Chicago to Buffalo and 

At the close of the season the following report was made: Twenty-three 
trips were made to Chicago, one to Erie and three to Buffalo, laid up in 



Chicago on the 10th of December, a season of seven and a half months. On 
her 23 trips to Chicago she carried 12,639,950 feet of lumber averaging 549,563 
feet per trip On her trip to Erie she took 69,413 bushels of oats, on her three 
trips to Buffalo she carried respectively 70,604, 71,760 and 62,093 bushels. 
She brought to Traverse City 39,000 bushels of oats, 10,000 bushels of corn, 
9,000 bushels of wheat in bulk and 2,000 bushels of grain in bags, carried 1.040 
passengers, 592 out and 448 in. The officers of the boat were: 

Captain, George Baldwin. 

First Mate, Eli Coon. 

Second Mate, John Snow. 

Clerk and Steward, S. E. Wait. 

Engineer, David Bauld. 

Assistant Engineer, William Bauld. 

The Cleveland "Plain Dealer" after a description ot the boat said, "she is 
probably the best of her class on the lakes." 

In the spring of 1872 S. E. Wait, Archie Jamieson, cook, and Will W. 
Smith went to Chicago to fit out the cabin and its accessories for the season's 

^ .^ :. 

^ 4 


run. They started early one morning by Campbell's stage line for Cadillac, 
stopping for breakfast with H. D. Campbell at his home on Silver Lake. The 
G. R. & I. railroad had just been completed to Cadillac so the rest of the trip 
was made by rail. 


In July the health of Mr. Wait was such that he was obliged to resign as 
clerk and steward of the boat and Will W. Smith, who he had engaged as cabin 
boy in the spring, succeeded him in that capacity for the balance of the season. 
The Traverse City railroad was completed to Traverse City November 15, 1872 
and Mr. Smith was a passenger on the hrst train from Walton on his return 
home from the laying up at the close of the season of the City of Traverse in 
Chicago. He also held the same position on the boat during the years 1873 


and 74. From that time on Mr. Smith has held positions of trust and respon- 
sibility, having served Traverse City twenty years in various capacities as 
alderman and other positions, also two terms as mayor, and in 1916 was 
elected to the State Senate. 

William \V. Smith was born in Constantia, N. Y., August 22, 1849, came 
to Traverse City in 18(30, married in Traverse City, June 8, 1874, Miss Susan 
Reynolds, wno was born in Gouverneur, N. Y., December 3, 1853. 

The fate of the City of Traverse was shown up in a Chicago paper dated 
Sept. 28, 1907: 

"Drawn away up into the end of the canal at Benton Harbor, Mich., its 
nose poking into the mud, its bow half concealed by the heavy growth of weeds 
on either side of the narrow channel, lies the good ship City of Traverse. 
Near the stern of the City of Traverse lies the City of Chicago of the (iraham 
& Morton line which now also owns the City of Traverse. The close proximity 
( f the two craft reminds the observer of the days when the City of Chicago, a 
municipal corporation, and the City of Traverse, a piratical^ ship owned by a 
gambling syndicate operating under the mythical name of "Carey &• Co" were 
deadly enemies. Now the City of Chicago, a side-wheeler and the City of 
Traverse, propeller, are friends for both of them will carry the flag of the 
Graham & Morton Line and carry excursionists from Chicago to St. Joseph 
and return during next season. In other words, the City of Traverse is being 
converted. For two and a half years she was the principal actor in an extra- 
ordinary attempt on the part of Chicago gamblers to baffle the law by means 
of modern science. The big ship was rigged as a floating poolroom, equipped 
with a wireless telegraphic outfit and commissioned as a means of transmitting 
race track returns regardless of the police. Eighteen years before this the 
City of Traverse plied bitwien Chicago and the ports of Like Superior." 


By William E. Ciirlis, Correspondent of tin- Chicaji;u Record- Herald 

About twenty-five miles off the eastern shore of Lake Michigan and a part 
of Emmet county is a group of islands, eleven or twelve in number, within a 
circle of fifty miles, which have been inhabited ever since white men first came 
into this country. They were partially cleared of forests and covered with 
cultivated fields as early as lOSO, and within four years after Quebec was 
founded Champlain had a trading post at what is now the town of St. James, 
Reaver Island, where James J. Strang set up an Independent kingdom in 1847 
and maintained it for almost ten years. It is one of the strangest incidents in 
American history and attracted considerable attention at the time, although the 
episode seems to have been forgotten and is not even mentioned in the 
standard histories of the United States. The royal palace is now a cooper- 
shop, the colony is dissipated, and the family of that extraordinary man has 
disappeared among the great multitude. 

Beaver Island is the largest in Lake Michigan, being about twenty miles 
long and from twelve to fifteen miles wide. It contains several thousand acres 



of arable land, broken by small lakes and streams, and the highest point is 
forty feet above the level of the lake. The largest lake is called Galilee, the 
largest stream is the river Jordan, and the capital of the kingdom was named in 
honor of St. James the Apostle. One of the adjacent islands is called Patmos, 
because the king and prophet used to go there for meditation whenever a 
vision or meditation from hea^;'en became necessary to restore his influence. 
The island is now the center of the fishing trade, a railroad has been built 
across it, a weekly newspaper is published, and there is a population of about 
1,300 prosperous and happy people. 

The king of Beaver Island was James Jesse Strang, a native of Cayuga 
county. New York, and the son of a farmer. He possessed no education 
beyond that he had obtained in the country schools, hut had great natural 
ability, a remarkable memory and gift of tongue and audacity, courage and 
determination, which never falteied and were never overcome. During his 
early manhood he taught school, delivered temperance lectures, dabbled in 
politics, edited a newspaper at Randolph, Chautauqua county, and at one time 
was postmaster of the village of Ellington. In 1842 he removed to Burlington, 
Wis., and there somehow fell under the influence of Joseph Smith, "the Amer- 
ican Mohammed," who converted him to Mormonism, baptised him, ordained 
him as an elder aud imposed upon him the mission of planting a stake of Zion 
in the state of Wisconsin. A few months later Joseph and Hyrum Smith were 
lynched by a mob which stormed the jail at Carthage, where they were impris- 
oned, and although he had been a member of the church for less than a year, 
James Strang displayed his chiefest characteristic by claiming the succession 
and presenting a document which purported to be written and signed by Joseph 
Smith appointing him chief apostle and prophet of the Latter Day Saints. 

Strang's pretensions were promptly denied and ridiculed. He was 
denounced as a vulgar impostor and the document was declared a clumsy 
forgery. He was excommunicated from the church and driven from Nauvoo 
by Brigham Young and the other Mormon leaders, but continued to assert his 
title, and, strange to say, received the support of a considerable number of 
devoted followers. He led them to Voree, Walworth County, Wis., a little 
village on the White River, where after a few months, in imitation of Joseph 
Smith, he discovered several metallic sheets inscribed with cabalistic signs, 
which, he claimed, were buried there by the Apostle James, who had been sent 
as a messenger to foretell the coming of "a mighty prophet" and declare the 
law and the will of the Lord. Subsequently other metallic sheets, eighteen in 
number, were discovered, which Strang called "the plates of Laban," and 
declared that they were written before the Babylonian captivity. A translation 
of these inscriptions were printed afterward under the title: 


Consisting of an inspired translation of some of 
the most important part of the hiw 
given to Moses, and a few- 
add i-commandments 

Printed by command of tiie King at the royal 
press, St. .lames — A. R. L 

The curious little volume was a cheap imitation of Joseph Smith's "Book 
of Doctrines and Covenants," written in verbc^se and pompous language, 
following the style of the Bible, and containing minute instructions as to attire, 
morals, habits, food, forms of worship and other regulations which were made 
the basis of the laws proclaimed by King Strang when a few months later he 
founded his absolute monarchy. 

The people of Voree did not approve of a Mormon settlement in their 
neighborhood. The excitement occasioned by the expulsion of the saints from 


Nauvoo had spread over the state boundary, and King Strang, following the 
instincts of self-preservation sought for a more isolated location. He found it 
at Beaver Island, and in the summer of 1847 began to transfer his community 
there. The island was already occupied by a small village of fishermen and 
farmers, who at first resisted the invasion. Some of them were overcome and 
others were conciliated, and within two years Strang attracted there a settle- 
ment of 1,400 or 1.500 souls, who recognized him as a prophet, priest and king 
and willingly submitted to his autocratic authority. He established a form of 
government, adopted a system of taxation, established schools, industrial and 
commercial associations, built a saw mill, opened roads, constructed docks and 
published a daily paper called the Northern Islander, with a literary and typo- 
graphical merit which surprised the profession in other parts of the state. 
Sumptuary laws in imitation of the Mosaic code were proclaimed. The use of 
liquor, tobacco, tea and coffee was strictly prohibited; the observation of 
religious rules and the performance of certain duties were peremptory, the 
patriarchal system of government was intrcKluced, and polygamy was sanc- 
tioned in imitation of the patriarchs of the Old Testament. A Quakerish garb 
was prescribed for the men and the women were required to wear a form of 
bloomer costume with zouave trousers and skirts falling to the knees. 

The colony was prosperous and peaceful. Its numbers increased to more 
than 2,000 people, who were models of industry, sobriety and contentment, and 
for several years maintained friendly relations with the Indians and tUe Gen- 
tiles upon the neighboring shores and other islands of the lake. Strang man- 
aged to command confidence and respect of his subjects; their faith in his 
divine inspiration was implicit and his orders were never cjuestioned until a 
serpent entered this Eden and the women began to make trouble. The good- 
looking ones insisted on discarding the bloomer dress and following the ordi- 
nary fashions of civilization. King Strang had been elected to the legislature 
of the state; the settlement had grown to be of sufficient importance to attract 
attention from the outside. Visitors of both sexes frequently upon the island, 
and the more intelligent and influential members of the community had 
acquired sufficient means to allow them to travel about the country. 

Their wives, who sometimes accompanied them, were subject to ridicule 
because of their costumes, which they naturally resented and insisted upon 
wearing conventional garments. One of these women was the wife of Dr. H. 
D. McCulloch, a highly edudated physician from Baltimore, whose intemperate 
habits had brought him into disgrace at home and who had taken refuge with 
the Beaver Island colony, where liquor was unknown, in order to protect him- 
self from temptation. While he submitted to Strang's authority and was the 
recognized physician of the colony, he never formally joined the church or 
assented to the king's pretensions. Thomas Bedford, an Englishman of more 
than ordinary ability, had been induced to join the colony, but was shrewd 
enough to detect the impositions of Strang, and a secret distrust and hostility 
soon grew up between them. 

The wives of these men and several others discarded the bloomer costume 
and defied the king, who had them called before the elders and disciplined for 
disobedience. The difficulty grew rapidly. Mrs. Bedford and Mrs. McL'ulIoch 
and others still refused to submit, and their husbands sustained them. Strang 
showed a singular lack of tact in his treatment of the dress rebellion and soon 
became involved in litigation with .McCulloch and Bedford. He charged both 
with dishonesty and debt and had them arrested, prosecuted and fined. In 
addition to his open prosecution Bedford was taken from his house by masked 
men one night and whipped with rawhides. This treatment drove him and 
McCulloch and several of their sympathizers from the island and they took 
refuge at Mackinaw Island. 

Sometime previous the state authorities of Michigan received complaints 


concerning occurrences in this part of the lake which caused investigation, and 
public sentiment through the neighborhood was gradually becoming hostile to 
vStrang and his colony. They were accused of numerous crimes— of trespass 
upon the public lands, of interference with the fishermen, of robbing the mails, 
of harboring counterfeiters and of piracy. In those days large fleets of 
schooners were constantly passing up and down the lake with cargoes of pro- 
duce and manufactured merchandise between Chicago and Buffalo and other 
ports. A number of these vessels disappeared and the Mormons were accused 
of misleading them to wreck by means of false lights and then murdering the 
crews and plundering the cargoes. 

Upon the application of the governor of the state the man-of-war Michigan, 
which is still floating upon these waters, and is today anchored in the beautiful 
bay of Harbor Springs, was sent to Reaver Island with the United States mar- 
shal, who arrested Strang and a large number of his associates and took them 
to Detroit, where they were tried before Judge Wilkins of the United States 
District Court. The proceedings attracted much attention. Strang appeared 
in his own defense and displayed remarkable ability in conducting cross- 
examinations and great power as a pleader. In his speech before the jury he 
claimed that he and his co-religionists were being persecuted for righteousness' 
sake, and the jury evidently believed him, for not only he but more than 100 of 
his Mormon subjects were acquitted of the charges made against them. 

But this was only the beginning of trouble. From that time on arrests 
and prosecutions of the colonists were frequent, and after the dress rebellion 
McCulloch, Bedford and others are believed to have given information to the 
officers of the law which caused a second visit of the United States marshal 
upon the gunboat Michigan, which appeared in the harbor of St. James on the 
16th of June, 1856. As soon as he was notified of her arrival King Strang left 
his office to pay a call of welcome upon the captain, and as he was passing a 
pile of lumber Bedford and another exile named Wentworth shot him in the 
back. It was afterward disclosed that they had come from Mackinac, intend- 
ing to assassinate him, and had been waiting several days in concealment for 
an opportunity. The murderers surrendered themselves to the captain of the 
Michigan. He took them to Mackinac and delivered them to the sheriff, who 
locked them up in jail. But the citizens of Mackinac opened the doors, let 
them out and made them the guests of the town. Neither of them was 
ever indicted. 

Strang lived for nearly a month, and at his request was carried to his 
former home at Voree, where his lawful wife, an estimable woman, who had 
rejected his "revelations" and refused to join the community, received him at 
her home, nursed him until his death and buried him in an unmarked grave in 
the village cemetery. Anarchy followed the removal of the wounded man 
from P>eaver Island. The stronger members of the colony robbed the weaker, 
plundered the treasury and the storehouses and seized whatever they could find 
of value, while an invading band of armed men under the leadership of McCul- 
loch destroyed whatever was left. They notified the inhabitants that they 
must leave at once, and arranged that the steamer Keystone State should take 
them away. When that boat arrived the unfortunate people were driven aboard 
like so many cattle. Part of them were landed at Milwaukee and the remain- 
der at Chicago, where they received little sympathy. The mob burned the 
tabernacle and part of the royal palace. 

Thus ended a fantastic attempt to establish a monarchy within the limits 
of the great republic. In 1872 a movement was proposed by L. I). Hickey of 
Coldwater, Mich., and a man named Bennett of Cleveland to reorganize the 
members of the community for the purpose of bringing claims for damages 




against the state, and Charles J. Strang, the son of the king, then editor of the 
Charlevoix Journal, was asked to become the leader and representative of his 
father's subjects, but he promptly declined to consider the suggestion and 
published a letter in which he expressed a hope that the scheme would not 
be agitated. 



I'iorn-er of 1856. I'ri-sidfnt of tlie Okl Settlors' Association 1918. 

Was born in Manchester, England, Nov. 21st, 1838. Came with his 
parents to Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1850, and to Huron County, Mich., then a dense 
forest, in 1852, his father being engaged in lumbering there. Mr. Buttars came 
came to 'Pine River," now Charlevoix, in August 1856, to Elk Rapids in 
December 1856, and has resided in the Grand Traverse region ever since, at 




O F 


Elk Rapids, Traverse City, Northport, and in 1869 became the junior member 
of the firm of Fox, Rose & Buttars, locating at Charlevoix, doing a general 
mercantile business, and also at Petoskey where they opened the first 
store in that city. In 1884 the firm dissolved and Mr. Buttars entered^ the 
banking business at Charlevoix and is now president of the same bank, "The 
Charlevoix County Bank," oldest one in the county. 

He cast his first vote as a Republican for Abraham Lincoln in 1860, was 
Deputy Collector of Customs at Northport in 1865-6, County Clerk of Leela- 
nau county 1868-9, State Senator for the thirtieth district of Michigan 1881-2, 
and again State Senator for the twenty-ninth district and president pro tempore 
of the senate for 1883-4. Was Lieut. Governor of Michigan 1885-6, when he 
retired from politics. 

Was married in 1864 in Charlevoix, Mich., to Celia E. Moses who died in 
1875 leaving one daughter, now Mrs. Ed. F. Parmelee, of San Diego. Cal. 
She has two sons and one daughter. One son is a senior lieutenant in the 
Navy and the other a first lieutenant in Coast Artillery. The daughter married 
a lieutenant in the Navy. He married again in 1895 Emma C. Blinn of Shel- 
burne, Vermont. 

Mr. Buttars claims to be the first owner of Marion Island. In the early 
50's he and George Benton, another old pioneer of this region, presented the 
claims from the government when Morgan Bates was in the land office, Mr. 
Buttars taking the east half and Mr. Benton the west. Mr. Buttars says that 
Morgan Bates was somewhat surprised when Mr. Butters walked in the land 
office and told Mr. Bates that he wanted to purchase the island. Island No. 10 
is the name it went by at that time. Mr. Buttars plainly sold his claims to 
Albert Bacon, who owned it for a number of years. 


Was Ix.rn in Matamoras, Mexico August 15th, 1829. When 17 years of 
age he joined the Mexican Navy, but was soon afterwards transferred to the 
land forces under General Zachary Taylor, for whom he acted as interpreter, 
being well fitted for the position because of his knowledge of the Mexican 

He served in the army until September 7th, 1848. a little more than three 
years. He was mustered out of service at Fort Jackson, Miss., and came to 



Detroit with Major Robert Forsyth. From there he went to New York, and 
made three trips to San Francisco and return, taking eighteen months for these 
voyages, going through the Straits of Magelhin on the Warship "Constitution." 
Shortly after this time he began sailing ufi the Great Lakes. 

His first trip to the Grand Traverse region was in 1852, when he and Mr. 
Whelpley, a government surveyor, surveyed and cut the first road along the 
head of East Bay from Traverse City to Five Mile Corners. He visited the 
Grand Traverse region several times, but came here permanently in 1856. 

In the early 60's he sailed the "Sunny Side," owned by Hannah, Lay & 
Company, on Grand Traverse Hay, used in the passenger and freight service. 
Later he sailed the "Queen of the Lakes" for Dexter &: Noble, of Elk Rapids, 
having command of this boat for 18 years. He then retired from marine 

A strange coincidence in the lives of Captain and Mrs. Johnson, was that 
the Warship "Constitution," on which he sailed after leaving Mexico, was the 
same ship converted into a merchant ship on which his wife sailed when she 
left her home in Ireland to come to America. Neither of them visited their 
homes after coming to America. 

Captain Johnson was of Spanish parentage and his wife was of Irish birth. 
He died on April 2, 1905. 

Mrs. Johnson is still living at the age of 82, in the comfortable home 
which was built more than half a century ago. 


Frank Hamilton came to Michigan in 1868. He was born Nov. 24th, 1848, 
in the town of Waterboro, York County, Maine. His boyhood days were spent 
upon a farm in this (luiet New England borough. At the age of sixteen he left 
school to enter the dry!goods store of his uncle at Saco, Maine. In the month of 
May, 11868, he, in company with J. W. Milliken, left home for Traverse City after 
engaging with Mr. Smith Barnes of the Hannah, Lay & Co. as salesman in the old 
store fronting the Bay, arriving here on the steamer Alleghany the last day of 
May, 1868. In the fall of 1873 a co-partnership was formed under the firm name 




O F 


of Hamilton, Millilien & Co., Hannah, Lay & Co. being the company. In the 
year 1880 Hamilton and Milliken purchased the Hannah, Lay & Co. interest in 
the business and in 1889 the block on the corner of Front and Cass streets was 
erected by them. The business was divided in 1897, Mr. Hamilton continuing 
in the clothing and Mr. Milliken retaining the dry goods. In 1877 Mr. Ham- 
ilton married Miss Eva Rosman, daughter of Capt. and Mrs. A. W. Rosman, 
whose home at that time was in Glen Haven, Mich.; both are now living in the 
city. Mr. Hamilton is now actively engaged in business, his activities in 
public life has always been for the betterment of Traverse City and the sur- 
rounding country. 


James W. Milliken came to Traverse City in the spring of 1868 and entered 
the employ of Hannah, Lay &: Co. in June together with his companion Frank 
Hamilton. He was born in Denmark Maine, May 26, 1848. His early life 
was spent in Saco, Maine with small opportunity to secure an education and at 
the age of 15 he became employed in a dry goods store in Saco. Mr. Smith 
Barnes, manager of the mercantile business of Hannah, Lay &: Co., in looking 
around discovered two young men — Frank Hamilton and J. W. Milliken in a 
dry goods store in Saco, and offered them a position with them, which they 
accepted. They remained in the employ of Hannah, Lay & Co. for si.x years, 
when they decided to go into business for themselves and opened a stock in 
the Hulbard Bros, building under the firm name of Hamilton, Milliken & Co. 
The future of the firm has been given by Mr. Frank Hamilton. In early life 
Mr. Milliken became identified with the republican party. In 1897 he was 
elected to fill vacancy of state senator and in 1898 he was elected again to that 
office — but could not be induced to run again, rather desiring to give his entire 
time to his business. Was for many years superintendent of the Congrega- 
tional Sunday School and much beloved by all the members. He married 
June 8, 1881, Miss Callie Thacker, who was born in Ohio Jan. 20, 1858. Mr, 
Milliken died June 19, 1908. 


T R A V E R S K 

R 1-: G I O N 



Ci)iitrilnitocl by Willnir F. Sti-ek- 

In the spring of 1851 the little vessel Venus, Capt. Peter Nelson came 
into Traverse City. 

Martha J. Voice was born in Cook ('ounty, Illinois, March 'J, 1843, and 
came to Traverse City in July, 1851 on the little vessel Venus. On board was 
the boilers and machinery for the Hannah, Lay & Co.'s new saw mill. On the 
vessel were the following old pioneers of this region. William Voice and wife 
with three children, A. Tracy Lay, Frank Hannah, Thomas Cutler, engineer, 
James K. Gunton, carpenter, William Rennie, Cuyler Germaine, also a man 
and his wife to keep the boarding house. On the way a heavy storm came up 
endangering the swamping of the vessel. Some of the men were for cutting 
loose the boilers that were lashed on each side of the deck, but the old Captain 
wouldn't allow it; he said if they cut one loose they sure would roll over. He 
stuck to his colors and rode out the storm in safety. 

Mr. Voice lived in Traverse City one year working for the Company, then 
built a mill at the head of East Bay in comjiany with Capt. Peter Nelson, 
selling the mill three years later to Green & Holden of Chicago, and moving 
to Northport where he built another mill. 

Martha J. Voice, one of the three children of Mr. and Mrs. William Voice, 
married Wilbur F. Steele at Northport November 15, 1862. They are living 
on their Hillside Farm in the village limits of Northport. Mrs. Steele is I 
think the oldest living resident of Traverse City, and the third oldest of the 
Grand Traverse Region, Mrs. Powers being the first and S. E. Wait the second. 


On the 19th day of November, 18f)(), there landed on the dock in Traverse 
City a little family consisting of a mother, two little boys and three little girls, 
and take it from me, it was a rough trip on Lake Michigan and the Grand 
Traverse Bay from Chicago. Father had preceded us about two months and 
had built a slab shanty fin what was called Slabtown) and had it all furnished 


ready for us, and a happier family I don't think ever came to Traverse City 
than the Anderson family in the winter of ]866. Father had written mother to 
be in Chicago on the 17th of November as the Steamer Alleghany would leave 
that night for Traverse City. On arriving in Chicago we found that the 
Alleghany had broken down and was laid up in Milwaukee and would make no 
more trips that fall. What to do we did not know. Mother had never traveled 
any at all and we knew no one in Chicago. I, being the eldest, and only fifteen 
years old with no experience, mother depended on me. I finally looked 
around and inquired and found that the propeller Dean Richmond would leave 
that night for Northport. We got aboard that evening and was on the lake 
two nights and part of two days, landing at Northport in the forenoon of 
November 19th. That afternoon we boarded the steamer Sunny Side, owned 
by Hannah. Lay & Co , and mastered by Capt. Fred Johnson. The bay was 
covered with white caps and as rough as I ever saw it. Mother and the other 
children were all very much frightened, as well as myself. Well do I remem- 
ber asking Capt. Johnson if there was any danger and he answered by putting 
his hand on my head and saying, "Don't be frightened my boy, I will land you 
in Traverse City all safe" and he did, and from that day until his death (almost 
50 years) a few years ago, Capt. Fred Johnson was the best friend I had in the 
Grand Traverse Region. 

Many things have happened in the last 52 years. Some of them I love to 
think and talk about, and there are some things I only wish I could forget. I 
had always supposed that my father was the pioneer undertaker of Northern 
Michigan, but such was not the case, as Mr. Wait tells me that he made a 
coffin April 18, 1854 for William May who was killed in a log jam up the 
Boardman River. It was reported when we came here that it was so healthy 
here they had to kill a man in order to start a cemetery. 

I well remember when our cemetery (or the bodies) were moved from the 
old location where the Carnegie Library now stands, to our present Oakwood 

Fifty years ago Will Gunton, (now deceased) older son of J. K. Gunton, 
and I were schoolmates and always great chums and were always up to some 
mischief, but nothing very bad. One of the worst tricks we ever did, and no 
one knew who did it for several years after, was this: Hulburd Bros, had a 
large store (part of it is still standing today) across the street from Steinberg's 
store they had an oil shed on the river bank where Steinberg's store now 
stands where they kept barrels of oil stored. At that time there were no 
buildings on the north side of Front Street, and very few on the South Side. 
One night Will and I took an axe and knocked the head out of two or three 
barrels of oil, poured it in the river and set fire to it. A greater sight I never 
saw in my life. From the oil shed down to the mouth of the river was a blaze. 
The last time Will and I met we had a good laugh over setting the river on 



President of the Old Settlers Association of Leelanau County. 

Mr. F. E. Fisher the oldest living resident of Glen Arbor Township was 
born in the state of Wisconsin, July 'A, 1851. His father and mother, Mr. and 
Mrs. John E. Fisher and his brother Charles Fisher moved from Wisconsin to 
Glen Arbor Township landing there August 3, 1854. 

Mr. and Mrs. John E. Fisher and family were the first permanent residents 
in Glen Arbor township. Mr. P'isher named the township and Glen Lake, he 
was the first supervisor of the township and was the fitst Judge of Probate of 
Leelanau County. Mr. and Mrs. Fisher were widely known all over Grand 
Traverse Region. Mr. John E. Fisher died at the age of 84 in 1900. Mrs. 
John E. Fisher died in 1915 at near the age of 97. Mr. Chas. Fisher, his 
brother, died in 1909. Mr. F. E. Fisher is the only one left of the family. 





I'l oncer of 1859 

Born in Franklin County, N. Y., January 18, 1840. Came to Traverse 
City in 1859. Brought the first sheep, the first swarm of bees and run the first 
threshing machine in Northern Michigan. Interested in U. S. mail service 
before the arrival of the railroad and conducted a passenger and freight stage 
service between Traverse City and the following places: Big Rapids, Manistee, 
Manistee and Muskegon, Northport, Elk Rapids, Cadillac and Old Mission. 
On April 25, 1863 he married Miss Eugenia Steele, daughter of Rev. Salmon 
and Adelia R. Steele of Northport. Mrs. Campbell was born in Springfield, 
Mich., May 31, 1843. She gave special lime and effort to temperance work 
and had been state vice-president of the W. C. T. U. Mrs. Campbell died in 
March 14, 1900. 


Born May 5. lr.49. First white female eliiltl born 
in Traverse City. 

i:i)\VARl) K. MILLER 


Horn at OKI .Mission November 26, 1847. 




Was born February 12th, 1815. in Gustavus, Trumbull County, Ohio. 
Here he grew to manhood, was married to Emeline K. Fitts in 1854, and 
reared a large family of children. 

On April 25, 18(30, Mr. Case left Gustavus for their new -Michigan home in 
Benzonia, going by rail to Cleveland. At Cleveland they boarded the pro- 
peller "Dakota" bound for Frankfort. 

The propeller arrived of[ Frankfort the following Sunday morning but the 
lake was very rough and the captain would not run in to make a landing at the 
pier. The goods and the family were loaded into scows nearly a mile from 
shore and towed to land. Among the possessions was a splendid pair of 
powerful young oxen, great long horned "Buck" and "Brin." Surely they 
could not be loaded into the scow with the family, so they were led to the open 
gangway and with about a dozen men to help they were shoved overboard 
down about twelve feet into the heavy sea that was running with its ice cold 
water. It is told that "Brin" caught si<:ht of land as he was carried up on the 
crest of a huge wave and immediatele struck out for shore. "Buck" was not 
inclined, but after swimming around the steamer once or twice he gave a terrific 
snort and with head and tail erect he started back for Ohio. With a good deal 
of difficulty the sailors finally rounded him up and both oxen were finally 
landed and for very many years this faithful team had much to do with the 
development of Benzie Countv. 


Born in Oakland Countv, Mich., November 15, 18(;(). Came to Grand 
Traverse County with his parents in ]8(5(i. After a number of years on the 
fai^m he entered the drug store of K. F. Miller. In 184;-; he formed a partner- 
ship with Jas. W. Murray under the firm name of James G. Johnson & Co. 
Two yenrs later he bought out his partner. In 1893 he erected a brick block 
on Front street which has since been the location of the business. On Decem- 
ber 14, 1885 he married at Empire Miss Jeimie E. Patterson. 

Mr. Johnson died March 1, r.H)4. 




Pioneer of 1851 
Married Miss Henrietta Baxter Juno 24, 1852, 
Built the first hotel in Traverse City corner of 
Front ami Franklin streets, the "(lunton House," 
afterward known as the Occidental and Cottage 
Home. Died July 16, 190;<. 


Pioneer of 1847 
Was born Berkshire, Mass., December 11, 1824. 
He together with A. S. Wadsworth cut the first tree 
where Klk Rapids now stands and built a saw mill, 
a primitive affair, and utilized the current of Klk 
River to operate it, cutting 6000 feet of lumber a day. 
Mr. Northam died June 23, 1903. 


Was born March 31, 1831, in Franklin County, N. Y., where his boyhood 
days were spent on the farm summers and attending school winters. In 1852 
he set out for the west, first going to Chicago, traveling on foot, by stage and 
livery, he reached Traverse City November 29, 1852. The winter of 1852-3 he 
spent in the lumber woods, and in the summer of 1853 filled a tally berth in the 
saw mill; for six years following had charge of the office and supply depart- 
ment of Hannah, Lay & Co. as bookkeeper, cashier, etc. In 1860 he com- 
menced clearing up his large farm near Silver Lake In 1861 he was appoint" 
ed as postmaster of Traverse City. In July 1862, he married Miss Catherine A. 
Carmichael they settling in their new home on Silver Lake. In 1871 he 
bought a home in Traverse City in order to give more attention to the Camp- 
bell stage lines operating from Big Rapids on the south to Cheboygan on the 
north, with others diverging east and west from Traverse City. In 1874 he 
severed his connection with this service to give his attention to the manage- 
ment of the Campbell House (now Park Place Hotel) which he built in 1873. 
In 1881 he obtained a franchise from the village for the use of the streets and 
alleys for the purpose of the introduction of a water supply and from April 1 
1882 until the plant was bought by the city in 1900, furnished the village with 



water for fire protection and domestic use. In connection with the water 
plant in 1890 he installed an electric plant, associating with him in the bnsiness 
his four sons. Served 12 years as Judge of Probate and when in January, 1893 
he turned over the olflce to his successor he severed by this a continued forty 
years service as a public official, as supervisor, treasurer and county officer. 
He served at one time on the board of trustees of the Northern Michigan 
Asylum, having been appointdd by Governor Pingree. 

Mr. Campbell died February 4, 1902. Mrs. Campbell died May 31, 1913. 


Pioneer of 1847 
Horn Wolf River. Canada. October 15, 1H19. died 
February '.i. 1984. First white settlor at Traverse 
City. Died Feb. 5, 1904. 


Born in Scotland 1827, came to Grand Traverse 
1858 and bouv:lit 160 acres of land in East Bay town- 
ship, I'niprietor of the "E.xchanjre" Hotel on 
Front street in the early days of Traverse City. 
The "K.xclKinjre" was the liappy home of nearly all 
the younjr clerks of Hannah. Lay K- Co.. the only 
business house in the village. Died Feb. .3, 1899. 


Came with his parents to the Manitou Islands in 1857 and to'Northport in 
1859. Followed the Great Lakes as sailor since his boyhood. Was born in 
Jefferson County, N. Y., in 1853. We well remember him as the genial cap- 
tain of the "City of Grand Rapids," owned by Hannah, Lay & Co., and on a 
route between Traverse City and Mackinaw. 

For a number of years he has had charge of the lake freight and passenger 
traffic at Charlevoix. He was married Dec. 31, 1883, to Miss Rose Risley of 



HON. Df.WITT C. leach 

Pioneer of 1861 and Indian Ajrcnt for Michigfan 
durinir Lincoln's administration. Horn in C larence. 
Frie C'ountv, X. Y., November 2'f, \S22. .Married 
April 17. \><M). Miss Abi>:ail Comfort. Died Dec. 21, 
1909. Mrs. Leacii died Jan. 20, 1918. 


Pioneer of 1852 
Taught the .'irst district school at Old Mission. 
Born. Herkimer County. N. Y., .May 28. 1819. 
Married in New York state to Miss Mary Wilmarth. 
Mr. Ladd died Nov. 22, 1898. 


Pioneer of 1851 
Had charije of Hannah. Lay & Co.. lumber 
camps for several years. Born in New Brunswick 
in 1821. Died March 26, 1886. 


Pioneer of 18<'.0 
Born in vScotland in 1M18. Was sexton of Traverse 
City cemetery for many years. Funerals were few 
in those days. One day Mr. Hannah on askinc him 
if he was very busy he replieii. "1 have not burieti a 
living soul in si.\ weeks." Dieii Dec. 18. 1893. 
















































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T R A V E R S !<■: 

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Wreck of the Westmoreland near Sleepy Bear F^oint in 18S4. 

Frank E. Fisher tells this story that occurred in the fall of 1854. The propeller 
Westmoreland, Capt. Clark, plying; between Chicago and Buffalo, was loaded 
wiih barrels of pork, high-wines and oats. She sprang a leak off Little Point 
Sable, wind northwest and a heavy sea running. She tried to make vSouth 
Manitou harbor and when opposite Platte River bay the water in the hold put 
out the fire so they headed her for the shore before the wind. There were 34 
people on board including the crew. The captain ordered everyone to boats 
as the boat was sinking. Part of the crew did not respond to the captain's 
orders, having made too free use of the high-wines, and only 17 were saved 
including Capt. Clark, Paul Pelky, first mate, and two cabin girls, Kate and 
Anna. The life boat containing the 17 people struck shore in Platte River bay. 
It was about the 11th of November and some snow on the ground. They built 



a fire and remained until morning. Capt. Clark detailed parties to go both 
ways on the beach to hunt civilization. A party of two came to Sleeping Bear 
Point and there discovered cattle and mule tracks which they followed to Glen 
Arbor Bay and came to our house. John E Fisher and others went to their 
rescue and kept them in our home three weeks. Some had frozen feet and 
hands, and the men returned following the beach to Northport thence to 
Traverse City and from there to their several homes. The two girls stayed 
with John E. Fislier and wife. 


Came to Traverse City in 18G2, 
over half a centaury ago. He 
made apple and flour barrels for 
Hannah, Lay & Co. in a cooper 
shop that stands where the Pere 
Marquette depot now stands. 

Mr. Brockway died January 
20, 1909. 


Secretary, treasurer and general man- 
ager of the Hannah tli: Lay Mercantile 
Co., was bf>:n ni Madison County, N. 
Y., in J827. Since 1836 his life has 
been spent in ALchigan. He came to 
Traverse City in 1860 and became a 
partner in the firm. In 1852 he married 
Miss Lucinda M. Hart. She died in 
1870. His second marriage was in 
1871 to Miss Catherine K. Clarke of 
Geneva, N. Y. 

Mr. Barnes died June 19, 1891. 



Pioneer of 1863 


liy Mrs. Af. E. C. /fates 

The air is full of flashing wings, 

Sometimes one hears— sometimes one sees 
The green leaves quiver as he sings— 

My Robin or my Brown Thrush sweet, 

Or comes the Vireo, to my feet 
Beneath my trees. 

The crickets chirp within the grass. 
And, drinking tiower-wine to the lees, 

Great butterflies across me pass — 

Swift dragon flies with eaudy wings — 
So many dainty flying things 
Beneath my trees. 

The locusts' arch shuts out the sun, 
The oaks stand sentinel at ease; 

The cedars, dark as Lebanon, 
Give out their spices in the heat. 
An altar's incense rising sweet 
Beneath my trees. 

Without, the great world's fret and fear. 
Here good to rest, in sw'eet degrees, 

No bird found ever love more dear, 
Beneath soft wings in sheltered nest, 
"The hollow of His hand" doth rest 
Beneath mv trees. 

Was born in Northville, iMichigan 
August 25, 1839. vShe was the 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jesse 
Cram, whose family moved to Trav- 
erse City in 1863. On May 5, 1867, 
she became the wife of Thomas T. 
Bates, with whom she became 

associate editor of the Grand Traverse Herald and edited the Home 
and Sunshine departments of that paper. She became a charter member of 
the Ladies' Library Association when it was organized in 1869. The children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Bates were George G., who married Miss Mayme Fairbanks, 
Mabel who married Carl C. Williams, and Clara. Mrs. Bates died March 23, 
1905. Mr. Bates died December 18, 1912. 


The Norris family landed at Elk Rapids June the 12, 1851. from a vessel 
loaded with wheat from Racine, Wisconsin. They brought their houseliold 
goods on deck, including two cows and pair work cattle. The vessel being 
loaded they had to anchor a long ways out; they shoved the cattle overboard 
and landed the goods in an Indian boat. "We thought one of the cows was 

^2 . L D S E T T'L E R S OF T'H E 

lost, she swam so far out in the bay that we could not see anything of her but 
she finally came ashore all right." The family stayed there about ten days 
and then came to Traverse City in an Indian boat called the VVah-bi-zee, sailed 
by Indian ' David." It was an open boat but sui^ciently large enough to 
carry enough to carry all of them and the goods. They landed at the mouth 
of the Boardman liver about 4 o'clock in the afternoon of the same day and 
went from there into a block house at the north end of Boardman Lake. They 
lived in the block house that winter, and Seth Norris took a logging job of H. 
L. & Co. on a forty, now occupied by the P. M. round house. Mr. Norris 
bought the land of the government. The next summer John B. Spencer came 
and got Mr. Norris to board some men while he got out some flatted timber to 
build the first dock at Traverse City. The family stayed there that summer 
and the next winter moved to the west side of the bay. On the first day of 
May the next summer there was a bridge, a very good one, across the river, 
close to where we lived, and a poor wagon road over the Mill creek. A family 
by the name of Carmichael and Michael Gay lived there that time. Our cattle 
we did not see anything of until we came to Traverse City, they came there 
before we did; the cows stopped at Mill Creek and Mr. Gay and the Carmichael 
family were well supplied with milk for they both gave a good mess. 


Harvey Avery tells this story: We arrived at Old Mission on the steamer 
S'heridan, and not having any wharfs or docks as we now have, we threw our 
horses and cattle overboard and let them swim ashore, right where the dock 
now stands. My father with his eight boys, settled on what was called the 
Lookout farm, then an Indian reservation. 

One year later my father had occasion to go to the Old Mission and left 
me and my brother Sylvanus to do some work on the farm, with instructions 
as to just how he wanted it done. After he had left us we decided that we had 
a better plan of doing the work and proceeded to do what we considered the 
better way. 

Upon my father's return, he came out and found that we were not doing 
just as he had instructed us, so wanted to know the reason why we were not 
doing this piece of work as he had told us to do ir. Brother Sylvanus told 
father that we had a better plan of doing the work. Thereupon father told us 
that he would teach us to do the work as he told us to do,'and took my brother 
first and gave him a rousing good tanning. I did not like the way my father 
was doing up my brother and made some objection, whereupon my father let 
my brother go and took me, putting me through the same course of sprouts. 

After father had gotten through with us, he told us he guessed that now 
we would do business as he had instructed us, but on the following morning 
my brother took what little money he had, and I gave him what little change I 
had saved for the past six months, with which I was to have a Fourth of July 
celebration, and my brother Sylvanus left the Grand Traverse country, never 
returning until 1915. He came back to' make a visit for the first time since 
leaving in 1853. While here I look him and his daughter out to the old Look- 
out place, which is now the Howe farm. Sylvanus wanted to know if I could 
show him the exact ground where father gave him and me that last tanning, so 
I took him to the very spot, which is now grown up with shrubbery, and we 
stood upon that memorable spot while Sylvanus called his daughter Belle to 
take a kodak picture of him and me standing there together again. 






Asa Hale came to Michigan sixty- 
seven years ago and settled in Green- 
ville where he married in 1862 Miss 
Elmira Kent. He was born in Phelps, 
N. Y., May 8. 1833. He enlisted in 
Co. D., 21st Michigan Infantry in 1862 
and served three and a half years. 
Joined the Masonic Lodge in Green- 
ville in 18(j7 and was Past Master of 
the Blue Lodge and Chapter at (Green- 
ville and at the time of his death was 
standard bearer in the Traverse City 
Commandery Knights Templar. He 
was much famed for his skill in playing 
on his violin the old familiar tunes and 
was much in demand for playing at 
social events and even in his declining 
years never failed to respond to a call 
for his musical services at Masonic 
events. Mr. Hale died Jan. 30, '1916. 

Home of the Anderson Girls for over 52 years. The first house built on 
the South Side by Samuel Anderson in 1867, 







.— ' 

■♦— ' 









































































r— « 





On Grand Traverse Bay 





of the Old Settlers' Association was perfected at K\k Rapids March 7, 1883, 
with twenty-eight members. They were: Enoch Wait, Jas. P. Brand, R. 
Johnson, James J. McLaughlin, Alex Campbell, R. W. Bagot, A. McVicker, 
VVmsor Golden. Daniel Taylor, B. D. VVitiaie, Justus Beebe, J. M. Goddard, 
Joseph Sours, A. O. Campbell, Charles Russel, O. Perry Stocking, Bazil 
Sarisin, John McDonald, Isaac F. Daw, John Denahy, John Cameron, M. 
Chandler, Lowell Sours, I). B Scofield, William Gray, Fred Burberry, Chas. 
Beebe, M. Swaney. The first regular meeting was held in the Lake View 
House the week following March 14. At this time the following officers were 
elected to serve one year: President, John McDonald; First Vice-President, 
Alexander Campbell; Second Vice-President, William Copeland; Third Vice- 
President, Willard Spaulding; Recording Secretary, Lowell Sours, Corres- 
ponding Secretary, James J. McLaughlin; Treasurer, John Denahy. 

The following list of membership has been made up from written records 
which are probably very incomplete, so if any name has been omitted it has 
been from lack of proper data in the records. We give the name and year 
they settled in the Cirand Traverse Region. 

Abbott. W. H 1889 

Abbott, Mrs. W. H 1891 

Ackers. L 1867 

Ackers. J. U 1867 

Ackers. Elizabeth G 1866 

Ackers, Mrs. Martha 1867 

Adsit. Abraham 1853 

Adsit, Mary 1853 

Adsit, Mr. and Mrs. Arnold D 1856 

Adsit, W. H 1878 

Adsit, Mrs. W. H 1882 

Adsley. S 1883 

Adsley, John 1883 

Adsley. Arvilla 1883 

Ainsley. Gilbert 1858 

Ainsiie. L. E 1859 

Ainslie. Mrs. L. E 1870 

Allen, Mrs. Laura L 1854 

Allen, Elba 1864 

Allen, Hattie L 1864 

Allen. Henry L 1862 

Allen. Harold L 1894 

Allen, E. P 1870 

Allen. Mrs. E. P 1869 

Aldrich. Capt. A. G 1849 

Ames. Robert C 1865 

Amspigler. Mr. and Mrs. Frank. ...1852 

Anderson, George ...1876 

Anderson, W. H 1867 

Anderson. Florence L 1872 

Anderson. Mr. and Mrs. Samuel. .1866 

Anderson, W. H., Sr 1867 

Anderson, W. S 1866 

Anderson, Mrs. W. S 1862 

Anderson, Jennie E 1866 

Anderson, Angelina I' 1866 

Anderson, Marget 1866 

Anderson. Ralph 1881 

Anderson. Mrs. Ralph 1888 

Anderson. H. H 1883 

Anderson. Will H 1885 

Anderson. Mrs. Will H 1889 

Anness, G. W 1874 

Anton. James 1882 

Arnold, lared W 1854 

Arnold, George W 1864 

Arnold, Florence 1877 

Arms, Wm. H 1876 

Arms, Stella Lee (Mrs. W. H.)....1870 

Armstrong. Mr. and Mrs. Wm 1862 

Armstrong. Leonard 1865 

Ashton. Mr. and Mrs. Dr. B. D 1862 

Ashton. Dr. E. L 1862 

Ashton. Mrs. E. L „ 1868 

Ashton. Ben R 1886 

Ashton, Frank 1862 

Ashton. Will 1862 

Asliton. Seth 1892 

Ashton, Frank E 1889 

Ashton, Georgiaetta (Mrs. F. E.)..1900 

Atkinson, Fred 1866 

Avery. Harvey 1851 

Avery. Fanny W. (Mrs. Harvey). .1870 

Averv. Truman 1854 

Averv. Wm. N 1872 

Avery, Mrs. Wm. N 1878 

Bagot. Richard W 1857 

Bagot. Mary E. (Mrs. R. W.) 1873 

Haglcy. W. D 1875 

Bagley. Kmnia I Matt (Mrs. 

W. D.) 1855 

Baird. W. M 1853 

Baird. Mrs. C. S 1858 

i'.aker, ICIlen 1878 

i'.iker. lames ] 

P.aker, Leon h 1886 

F.akor, Georgetta M. r.Mrs. L. J.). .1884 

Baker. Leonard 1878 

I'.aker, Sims 1875 

Ball, George E 1888 




O F 


Bannock. Fernand 1^65 

Banker. E. W 1901 

Banker, Cecilia M 1901 

Bartak, Louise 1^66 

Barnes, Eldridge P 1878 

Barnes. Amanda 1868 

Barney, Air. and Mrs. Joseph B...1874 

Barney, Robert 1874 

Barney, Mrs. Robert 1870 

Barlow, Mr. and Mrs. Geo., Sr 1867 

Barlow, Julia 1867 

Barlow, George, Jr 1867 

Barnes, Smith 186^ 

Barnes, Mrs. Smith 1871 

Bartlett, Antoine .1874 

Bartlett. Lizzie 1876 

Bates, Morgan. Sr 1858 

Bates, Clymene Cole (Mrs. 

Morgan, Sr.) 1858 

Bates, Rev. Merritt 1863 

Bates, Ann Eliza (Mrs. Merritt)..1863 

Bates, Thomas T 1863 

Bates, M. E. C. (Mrs. Thos. T.)....1863 

Bates, Morgan, Jr 1862 

Bates, Clara Doty (Mrs. Mor- 
gan, Jr.) 1864 

Bates, Clara N 1876 

Bates, George G 1863 

Bates. Mayme Edith (Mrs. G. G.)..1879 

Bate, Elizabeth (Gray) I860 

Batey, Joseph 1862 

Batey, Irene 1862 

Baumberger. Chas. A 1872 

Baumbcrger, Friderich 1868 

Baumberger, Mary E 1864 

Beadle, John T 1857 

Beadle. Mrs. Anna T 1899 

Beach. Stephen H 

Beaman, Mr. and Mrs. Wm 1866 

Beaman. Emma 1864 

Beitner, William 1856 

Beitner. Mrs. William 1869 

Beck. Mrs. Euramia 1864 

Beckwith, Mrs. Lucinda 1882 

Bell, Charles M 1877 

Bell. Elizabeth H 1884 

Bellinger. Mr. and Airs. A 1867 

Bellinger, Adam 1867 

Bellinger, Mrs. A 1875 

Beers, Lanson N 1861 

Beers, Eunice B. (Mrs. L. N.) 1861 

Beers, Charles M 1861 

Becker, Mrs. AlarthaS 1874 

Bennett, William 1876 

Bennett, Mrs. William (Stowell)..186l 

Bennct. J. L 1865 

Bennett. Anice C 1880 

P.cnnett. Mrs. Ida I860 

Bennett, Frank 1868 

Bennett, A. H I860 

Bennett, Mrs. A. H 1869 

Bennett, Mrs. Elizabeth I860 

Benedict, Mrs. Fanny D I860 

Benson, A. V 

Benton. R. A 1883 

Betts, William A 1863 

lUtts, Martha T 1863 

Belts, W. E 1863 

Biermacher. Peter 1884 

Biermachcr. Susannah K 1884 

liiUings. Julia 1879 

Billings. E. C 1880 

Billings. Frances 

Billings, Mrs. John D 1879 

Birmley. Jacob 1850 

Birmley. Mr. and Mrs. John 1859 

lilackburn. Nellie 1883 

Blacken. Anna U 1900 

Blacken. John 1881 

Blacken. Mrs. C. 1868 

Black, John 1851 

Black, Edwin 1862 

Black, Peter 1880 

Blackman. Mr. and Mrs. James. ...1872 

Blackman. Henry 1873 

Blair, B. B 1898 

Bradgood. E. B 1866 

Bloodgood. J. 1862 

Blue, Mr. and Airs. George 1880 

Bonner, E. L 1890 

Bonner, Mrs. E. L 1868 

Boon, Alartha E 1868 

Boon, George W 1877 

Boston, A. W 1865 

Boston. C. A 1865 

Bowen. Frank S 1873 

Bowden. John 1880 

Bowdcn. Debbie :....1869 

P.rakcl. lolm 1869 

P>rakel. William 1856 

Brakel. Anna (Umlor) 1907 

Brakel. Chrisla 1860 

Brakel. Jacob 1860 

Bracebridge. Samuel 1865 

Bracken, B. H 1886 

Briethanpt. Alliert 1866 

Brand, lames P 1851 

Hrezina. John 1 1882 

P.rezina. Mrs. j. J 1868 

Brinkman. Henrv K 1852 

Brinkman. Airs. Kezia (H. K.) 18.52 

I'.rinkman. Alonzo H 1850 

]!rinkman, Eliza Theresa 1856 

Brinkman. Eugene J 1858 

Brinkman. Lewis A 1860 

Brock way. Air. and Mrs. 

Thomas B 1862 

Brown. F. E 1866 

Brown, E. S 

Brown, George 1852 

Brown. Henry 1866 

Brown. Walter 1869 

Browning. R. C 1866 

Brownson. Wm. H. H 1863 

Brownson. Mrs. Delia A 1864 

Brodhagen. Henry 1876 

Brodhagen, Airs. Bertha 187^> 

Broadfoot, Charles A 1877 

Broadfoot, Mrs. Charles 1885 

Brookmayer, Frank 1868 

Brosch, Frank 1852 

lirosch. Airs. Frank 1856 

Brvant. L. G 1862 

Bryant. G. W 1864 

Buck. Chas. K 1871 

Buck, Alary Knezik (Mrs. C K.)..1860 



Buckncr. Clair 1895 

Buckner. .Mrs. Clair 1881 

Burberry, Mrs. Silva ISSh 

Burden. Patrick 1881 

Burden, Annie 1880 

Burns. William T 1865 

Burnett, S. S 

Burr, Amnion 1853 

Buttars, Archibald 1856 

Butler, Elwood \V 1892 

Butler, Hannah 

Butler, Joseph 1868 

Button, James A 

Caldwell. Mr. and Mrs. Robert 1873 

Cameron, Mrs. Lizzie F 1879 

Cameron, Archie....: 1865 

Campbell, Robert Avery. Sr 187,^ 

Campbell, Harriet E. (Mrs. R. 

A.. Sr.) 1873 

Campbell. H. D 1852 

Cami)bell. Catherine (Mrs. 

H. D.) 1861 

Campbell, R. A _ 1840 

Campbell, David R 1871 

Campl)ell, Mrs. Eugenia 

(Mrs. R. D.) 1859 

Campbell, Emma R 1864 

Campbell, Alexander 1855 

Campl)ell, Mrs. Frances E 1882 

Campbell, luHus 1865 

Campbell, Mrs. Julius 1895 

Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. 

Henry F 1850 

Campl)e]l, Wilbur E 1882 

Campl)ell, Mr. and Mrs. Frank 1863 

Canniflf, Mr. and Mrs. C. B 1874 

Capron, Willis V 1891 

Cams, Mr. and Mrs. John 1869 

Carrier, Chauncj' C ISOO 

Carrier, Airs. Sarah A 180l 

Carpenter, William D 1883 

Carpenter, Calvin L 1886 

Carter, D. E 1863 

Carter. W. M 1865 

Carlisle, Albert 

Carver, T. W 1902 

Case, Rev. and Mrs. A. B 1860 

Case, W. L 1860 

Case, James 1860 

Case. C. E 1860 

Case, W. N 1860 

Case, Adelaide 1862 

Case, H. S 1853 

Case, Orin C 1853 

Cate, Mrs. Mary L 1866 

Cate, S. B 1866 

Cate. M. C 1866 

Cedersten, Chas. T 1881 

Cedersten, Emma 1869 

Chandler. D. G 1864 

Chase, Marv A 187'» 

Chase, Chester W 189i 

Chase. Abby L. (Mrs. E. E.) 1873 

Chase. Capt, E. E 1873 

Chase, Elizabeth L. (Mrs. O. E.)..1873 

Chase, Dr. O. E 1873 

Chaster. E. S 1857 

Chaloupka. Frank 1878 

Champiurs. E. E 1878 

Champiurs. Elizabeth Gilroy 18()5 

Chase, Dr. Sara T 1906 

Chandler. John 1889 

Chennaux, Wm 1870 

Christenson, Erner 1878 

Child, Mary M 1864 

Child, J. R 1874 

Clark, William E 1864 

Cleveland, L. K 1880 

Cleveland, Mrs. L. K 1883 

Clyde, H. W 1866 

Clyde, Thomas H 1859 

Clyde, G. W 1860 

Clyde, Mima C. (Mrs. G. W.) 1861 

Cochlin, Rev. Demas 1889 

Cochlin, Anna G. (Mrs. D.) 1890 

Cole, Mrs. C. A 1868 

Cole, Charles 1867 

Cole, H. M 1882 

Colby. Reno C 1890 

Cook, Albert B 1871 

Cook, Martha A. (Mrs. A. B.) 1884 

Cook. Irving L 1878 

Cook, Geo. W 1866 

Cook, John A 1866 

Cook, Matilda A 1866 

Cook, Frank E 1866 

Cook, H, I 1877 

Copeland, Mary Sivance 1852 

Corbett, Mr. and Mrs. R. L 1882 

Core, William 1861 

Core, Mrs. Wm 1867 

Corcoran, J. J 1890 

Courtade. John 1861 

Courtade, Mrs. John N 1881 

Courtade. John N 1868 

Courtade. Zelia A 1867 

Coulter, George W 1872 

Coulter, A. L 1871 

Covell. George G 1881 

Craw. Mark A 1872 

Grain, S 1860 

Grain, Leslie 1850 

Crane, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis 1861 

Crane, A. Howard 1872 

Craker, W. A 1863 

Craker, W. A 1879 

Craker, Harriett A 1855 

Craker. Frank 1867 

Craker, Geo. H 1855 

Crawford, C. A 

Cram, Jesse 1863 

Cram. Hannah Pearson (Mrs. 

Jesse) 1863 

Crissey. C. A 1877 

Crissey. Mrs. C. A 1878 

Crisp, Adelbcrt H 1868 

Crisp. Cora B 1863 

Crisp. William 1868 

Crisp, Mary E 1868 

Cronin, Cornelius 1864 

Cronin, Catherine ...1856 

Crotser, Mr. and Mrs. J. 1891 

trum, Mrs. Dora Hoxie 1867 



Culman, Mr. and Mrs. Jacob 1882 

Culver, Mrs. Cora L. (Wait) 

Curry, Mary C 1869 

Curry, Wm I860 

Curry. W. N 1870 

Curtis, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey 1867 

Curtis, Ashley B 189? 

Curtis, Fred D 1889 

Curtis, Lulu 187? 

Curtis, Mrs. Phebe J 1864 

Cutler, Thomas, Sr 1851 

Dalzell, Mr. and Mrs. John 1866 

Dame, Mrs. George 1859 

Dame, E. F 1841 

Dana, Mrs. Rose Swaney 1850 

Darrow, S. C 1865 

Darrow, Mrs. S. C 1870 

Darrow, William H 1885 

Darrow, Mrs. W. H 1899 

Darrow, Edward 1895 

Darrow, Mrs. Edward 1905 

Davis, Mr. and Mrs. E. V 1866 

Daw, Isaac F 1851 

Dawson, Mr. and Mrs. John 1866 

Davey, Albert D 1868 

Davis, Mrs. Ruth 1852 

Dayton, Clinton L 189' 

Day, D. H 1878 

Day, Mrs. D. H 1873 

Dean, Walter W 1884 

Dean, Mrs. Walter W 1884 

Dean, James R 1858 

Dean, Mary E 1850 

Dean, S. P 'Z..1857 

Decker. Wm. G. Bond, M. D.... 1910 

DeGraw, Mrs. W. E 

DeGraw, Mrs. Sarah B ".T864 

DcGraw, George E 1864 

DeGraw. Isaac „ 1834 

Deitz, Amos M 1845 

Denton, Chester 1868 

Dipley, Mrs. Chas 1868 

Dcspres, Mrs. Margaret Grav 1860 

Dcsprcs, S. C 1866 

Desprcs, Mabel W 1886 

Despres, Mrs. Arthur C 18()7 

Despres, Arthur C 1872 

Dexter, Wm 1866 

Dexter, Mrs. Wm. M 1867 

Dickerman, Joseph W 1866 

Dingnian, Richard 1862 

Dol).s()n, A. S 1882 

Duncon, J. O '........1898 

Duell, F. L 1873 

Duell. Ella I "Z 186^? 

Duell, A. L 1873 

Dugal, Mr. and Mrs. Peter.^L."".".1865 

Dunn, Dumerick 1851 

Dunn, Fred 

Dunn, Anna M 

Dunn, Valentine '..'."""''''.'l865 

Dunn, Isabella McGarrv (Mrs 

^ Val) : 1861 

Dunn. Mr. and Mrs. John..... 1854 

Dunlap, Mr. and Mrs. A. B 1860 

Donner, Roselta H 

Dohm, Henry Sen "..."l854 

Dougherty, A. K ..1868 

Dougherty, John 1880 

Donaldson, Austin 1874 

Durga, W. R iggj 

Dye, Chas. B '".1882 

Dye, Mrs. Chas. B 1868 

Earl, Frank A igQl 

Eastenight, Philip 1854 

Ebner, Chas. J 1888 

Ebner, Georgid CMrs C.J.) 1888 

Ebner, Wiliiam H i889 

Ebner, Hester (Mrs. W. H.). ...... 1883 

Edgeconib, Chas. A 

Edgeconib, Caltia J " 

Edington, Hannah P 1896 

Egeler. Philip i860 

Egeier. Orrilla 

Einian. Joseph '"^.."l876 

Einiaii, Elenor 1877 

Elder. V 1372 

Elder. A. E l.'.Z....'." 1872 

Einiiaw. Mrs. Mable A 1889 

Emory. Capt. E. T 

Emory. Capt. J. W .."' 

Emory, Mrs. Nancy 'Z.". 1854 

Emory, Capt. Hiram "1854 

Emerson. Wm. C 1845 

Ennis. John G I."'"""l865 

Ennis. Lavinia A. 

Ernst W. S 1854 

Ernst. Mrs. W. S 

Ernest. Mrs. Emma V 

Estes, c E... ;;:":zi863 

Estes, Mrs. Chas 1864 

Evens, Edward A 1881 

Evans, Nettie F ."^."'....1896 

Fairbanks. Zclotes Cornelius 1867 

Fairbanks, Eunica (irant (Mrs. 

,, '''■ ^•' 187^' 

1^ arrow, Samuel 

Fasel, Minnie A 1879 

Feiger, Philip ""ZZl 1879 

Feiger, .Mrs. Grace [[ZZ 

Fett. Jerras \872 

Felt. Mrs. Estella 1864 

Filmorc E ";.'.':i860 

I^ite. Wm. H 1854 

Fisher, Eugene 1875 

Fisher. Mr. and Mrs. John "e. 1854 

Fogarty. Patrick I868 

Foote, William R ..1883 

Footc. Mrs. Grace Hastings. '''..''"l88^ 

W)rest. Mrs. Augusta Avery 1863 

Forton, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew 1881 

Foster, Augustus 1863 

l;*'";^''- Y- ■"■"1863 

roster. I homas I877 

Fowle. William .............1854 



Fowie, John 1874 

Fowler, F. S 

Fowler. Curtis, Sr 1856 

Fowler. Curtis. Jr 1850 

Fowler. Louise (Selden). Sr 

Fowler, Marguerite 1' 1862 

Fowler. Herbert W 

Franke. G 1870 

Fralik. Mrs. G. W 1893 

Franklin. Wm. J 1858 

Franklin, Lucy 1865 

Franklin, lohn M 1865 

Franklin. "Mrs. lohn M 1855 

Franklin. Mrs. K. M 1890 

Franklin. K. M 1891 

Franklin, Harry 

Frazer, C. W 1875 

Freeman. Kasson 1861 

F"riedrich. Mr. and Mrs. Frank 1872 

Friedrich. Frank. Jr 1872 

Friedrich. Mrs. Emma Breck.. 1864 

Friedrich. A. V 1873 

Friedrich. Mrs. A. V 1885 

Fuller. Sanford 1863 

Fuller. Mrs. Sanford 1864 

Fuller. W. R 1863 

Fuller. Mattie C 1879 

Fox. Lyman P 1879 

Fox. Sarah E 1879 

Fox, Geo. R 1871 

Fox. Mrs. Geo. R 

Fuller, Sara 1866 

Furtsch, George 1866 

Furtsch, Antonia 1866 

Furtsch, Frank 1896 

Furtsch, John 1883 

Furtsch, ieanette 1883 

Furtsch, Jacob 1878 

Furtsch, Ferdinand 

Gage, L. H 1868 

Gage. Mrs. L. H 1870 

Gallagher. John 1891 

Gannett. Willard C 1884 

Gannett, Mary J 1884 

Garland, Charles 1851 

Garland. Samuel 

Garthe. Isaac 1867 

Garthe, Steiner C 1868 

Garthe, S 1872 

Garwick, Peter 1861 

Gardner, Perry H 1861 

Gardner, .'\rvilla Tompkins 1863 

Gardner, Claril)el Hannah 

Gates, Alfred 1864 

Gatmtiett. Mr. and Mrs. I. W 

Gomp. Mr. and Mrs. Michael 1847 

Geer, Myron 1848 

Germain e, Cuyler 1851 

Germaine, Mrs. C 1854 

Getchell. Chas. F 18(>1 

Getty, J. G 1870 

Gibbs. A 1872 

Gibbs, Laura D 1882 

Gibhs, L. K 1867 

Gibbs, Mary A 1888 

Gilibs, James I 1871 

Gibbs, Addie A 1883 

CJibbs, Harry 1878 

Giliis, John 1863 

Gillis, Mary E. (Mrs. John) 1858 

Giliis, Tracy H 1872 

(iilroy, P'dward 1865 

Giiroy, Mrs. Edward 1875 

Gilbert, Ed L 1899 

Gilbert. P. C 1867 

Gilbert. R. Emma 1870 

Cill. H. E 1864 

Gill. Wm 1855 

Gill, I. C 1868 

Gill. Martha 1855 

Goddard, John M 1855 

Gold fa rb. Samuel 

Goldman. Sol 1880 

Golden. Windsor 1856 

Golden. Mrs. W 1863 

Goodale. Dr. and Mrs. D. C 1852 

Goodale. Aernes E 1853 

Goode, William 1870 

Goodman, John 189.5 

Goodman, Ada F. (Mrs. Tohn) 1866 

Goodrich. Mr. and Mrs. Reuben ..I860 

Gore. Homer 1866 

Grant, Mr. and Mrs. John F ^.1857 

Grant. Wm. F 1857 

Gray, Mr. and Mrs. A. P 1868 

Gray. Walton L 1892 

Gray. Roderick I860 

Gray. Mrs. Alex. McKay I860 

Gray. James 

Gray, Robert 1856 

Gray, Roderick T., Jr I860 

Gray, Nettie ! 1865 

Gray, Mrs. Martha 1883 

Grum, Frank. Sr 1877 

Greeno, Mr. and Mrs. L. F 1861 

Greeno. William 1861 

Greeno. S. E 1861 

Greilick. J. E 1856 

Grei'ick. Nancy C. (Case) 

Greilick. C. L 1870 

Greilick, John 1856 

Greilick, Edward 1856 

Greilick, William 1856 

Greilick. Anthony 1856 

Greilick. Walter E ..~".1867 

Grubb. F. R 1893 

Gustine. Annie i860 

fiunton, James K 1851 

Gunton. Charles R 1871 

Hale, Mr. .md Mrs. .\sa 1S91 

llale, i onise 1891 

Hale. Chas. E 1892 

I lale, Josephine V 1887 

Halier. Paulus 1877 

Haller. Mary P 1871 

Hall, c. L :::::z:::::::::;i88^ 



Hamilton, Frank 1865 

Hamilton. Eva R. (Mrs. F.) 

Hammond, Finley M 1867 

Hammond, E. J ., 1863 

Hammond, Mrs. E. J 1861 

Hammond, Clinton A 1867 

Hammond, Catherine 1867 

Hamlin, Mr. and Mrs. 1. R 1885 

Hannaford, C. A 1866 

Hannaford, Hellen S 1866 

Hannah, Perry 1851 

Hannah, Ann Amelia (Mrs. P.).... 1852 

Hannah, Julius T 1858 

Hannah, Mrs. Laura (Beers) 1861 

Hacker, John 1868 

Hans, Mr. and Mrs. E. J 1870 

Hanson, Homer A 1894 

Hanson, Mrs. Homer A 1870 

Hanson, Mr. and Mrs. Louie 1864 

Hanika, Chas. B 

Hanslovsky, Chas. H 1880 

Hanslovsky, Mrs. Chas. H 1870 

Hanslovsky, Mrs. F 1855 

Hanslovsky, Victoria 1890 

Hanslovsky, Emma R 1891 

Hanslovsky. Marie A 1893 

Hanslovsky, Julius A 1895 

Hargraves, John A 1863 

Hargravcs, Geo. W 1862 

Hargraves, Mrs. M. C 1863 

Hargraves, Malcolm 1875 

Hardy. E. S 1866 

Harkness, Henry 1868 

Harren. Geo. S 

Harrwood. A. W 1868 

Harrwood, Mrs. A. W 1870 

Harsha, H. S 1873 

Harsha, Wm. F 

Harrison, Upsall 1857 

Harrison, Rebecca 1857 

Haskell, M. E 1872 

Hastings, E. W 1864 

Hastings, Sarah E. (Mrs. E. W.)..1861 

Hastings. Ralph S 1876 

Hastings, Ethel Hoxie (Mrs. 

R. S.) 1878 

Hatch, Corneli 1866 

Haviland, Joseph B 1864 

Haviland, Mrs. Joseph B 1864 

Haviland, A. J 1S78 

Haviland, Frances G. (Mrs. 

(A.J. ) :.... 1 877 

Hawkins, Mrs. lane E.... 1857 

Harvey. Geo. E 190? 

Heath. Helen A 1853 

Heath, W'illard 18f6 

liedden. Mr. and Mrs. Geo 1866 

iie.lden, Fred F 1866 

Hodden. Ella Adsit (Mrs. F.) 1858 

Helm, Albert J 1883 

Hess, Wm. M 186^ 

Hess, Hannah M. (Mrs. W.) 1865 

Hess, Mr. and Mrs. Chas 1865 

Hewett. Salma M...: ;•. 1882 

Hewett. Eva A 1880 

Heuss, Mrs. Alice Lee 1855 

*Hill, H. H : 1882 

Hilbert, James 1885 

Hinshavv, Mr. and Mrs. Z. E 1881 

Hitchcock, Thos. A 1852 

Hitchcock, Helen G. (Mrs. 

T. A.) 1853 

Herrington, Daniel 1876 

Herrington, N. W 1867 

Hobbs, Rowland 1869 

Hobbs, Mrs. Rowland 1869 

Hobbs, Wm. J 1869 

Hobbs, Flora Campbell (Mrs. 

W. J.) 1866 

Hobbs. H. L 1878 

Hobbs. Mrs. Mary E 1859 

Hobart, Afr. and Mrs. A. S 1900 

Holdsworth, .Mr. and Mrs. Wm...l858 

Holds worth. Clementina 1858 

Holdsworth, lohn D 1858 

Holdsworth. Willard W 1872 

Heimtorth, Mr. and Mrs. Fred 1850 

Heimforth. William 1856 

Heimforth, Philip 1869 

Heimforth, George 1871 

Holdsworth, Mary (Mrs. W. W.) 1897 

Holdsworth, Dr. Frank 1875 

Holdsworth. Agnes (Mrs. Frank) 1876 

Holmes, Mr. and Mrs. John 

Hogan, Mr. and Mrs. Edwin C 

Hogan, Wm 

Hohnenbery, Joseph 1868 

Holley, M. B 1863 

Hollister. M. D 1887 

Hollister, Mrs. M. D 1880 

Hoi)kins, Alonzo F 1863 

Hopkins. S. E 1863 

•Hopkins, Mrs. Mary 1875 

Ho])kins, I-iobert 1855 

Hoi)kins, Susan (Mrs. R.) 1855 

Hopkins, William 1857 

Hopkins, Jane A. (Mrs. Wm.) 1866 

Ho])kins, John 1856 

Hornsby. Lee 1883 

Hornsby, Mrs. Lee .1891 

Horton. Mr. and Mrs. John S 18()4 

Horten. J illian M 1864 

Horton. Warren E 1864 

Horton, Mrs. Warren E 1871 

Horton. C. E 1862 

Howard, C. C 18(>4 

Howard, C 1861 

Hriward. Mary M 1861 

Howard, A. F 1861 

Howanl, H. D 1860 

Howard, Orpha J 180l 

Howard, Catherine 1861 

Howell. Wm 1858 

Howell, Henry 1858 

Horen. Mike 1854 

Holliday, Dr. G. A 1886 

Holliday, J en i for F. (Mrs. G. A.')..186'> 

Hollidav. Mrs. J. E 1887 

Hooker. W^m. H \f'65 

Hooker, Wm. 11 1866 

Hooker. Myrtle 1876 

Hoxie, Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo 1868 

Hoxie, Mr. and Mrs. Leonard 1864 

Hoxie, Charles A .'..... 1864 



Hoxie. John 1864 

Hoxie. A. T 1864 

Hoxie. Orrin 1867 

Hoxie. D. F 1869 

Hoxie. Mrs. D. F 1867 

Huellmantel. Xicliolas J 1872 

Huellniantel. Margaret 1872 

Hiiellniantel. lulius M 1872 

Hitellniantel. Theresa B 1863 

Hiielhnaiitel. Alphonso 1872 

Huglies. George 1856 

Huhne, William 1861 

Hunter, Chas 1893 

Hunter. Lucy (Mrs. Chas.) 1893 

Hunter. C. F 1893 

Hunter. Gertrude T. (Mrs. C. F.)..1895 

Hunur. Mrs. lulia S 1891 

Hurlhert, Richard 1864 

Hurlhert. Agnes 1864 

Ingersoll. W'ni 1880 

In^ersoll. Mrs. Wm 1882 

Irish. Earl 1890 

Irish. Adelia A 1874 

Iri?h. Mrs. Albert 1890 

Irish. Albert 1890 

Tackson. Ancil H 1875 

lackson. Mrs. Ancil H 1862 

Taslin. L. G 1854 

lennings. M. B 1866 

Jennings. Mrs. Eliza J 1866 

Jennings. Bart in 1873 

Johnson. Capt. Frederick 1852 

Tohnson. Mrs. Frederick 1856 

Johnson. Mrs. Julia 1889 

Johnson, lulius 1892 

lohnson. W. W 

lohnson. John A 1867 

Tohnson, Mrs. H. H 1878 

lohnson. H. H 

Joint. C. L 1880 

Tones, lohn 1872 

Jones. E. S 1882 

Tudson. Maud 

Judson, E. B .7.... 

Kuemin. Mrs. Jennie 

Kahrs. C. H 1852 

Kahrs. Claus W 1860 

Kahrs. Mrs. V. H 1902 

Kahrs. J. H 

Kahrs. lohn 

Keel. John :. 1864 

Kehoe. Mrs. Josephine 

Kehoe. James 1892 

Kcilsick. lames 1874 

Kellogg. A. E 1899 

Kellogg. Frank 1860 

Kellev. lohn 1866 

Kellev. Ruth B. (Mrs. John) 1867 

Kenncy. Cora (Mrs. W. P.) 1866 

Kenney, W. P 1867 

Kenney, Lysander 1864 

Kenney. Susan 1868 

Kane. Robert W 1882 

Kennedy. I. L 1889 

Kersey. F. J 1881 

Keyes. S. A 1868 

Keyes. Mrs. S. A 1871 

Kilbourne. George B 1882 

Kilbourne. Hattie May 1892 

King, Miss C 

King. Mrs. Kittie C. Belle 1863 

Kingsley. S. M 1866 

Knaggs. Willis B 1868 

Knaggs. Robert 1868 

Knaggs. Ella Robert 1868 

Knaggs, Mrs. Harriet Robert 1868 

Kneeland. Dr. Charles J 1872 

Kneeland. Mrs. Estella (C. J.) 1873 

Knight. Agnes 1868 

Koch. Lorenz 1870 

Koch. Mrs. Barbara 1870 

Koch. Mrs. Clara Emery 1894 

Koch. Herman 1870 

Kratochvil. Frank 1854 

Kratochvil. Mrs. Anna 1854 

Kratochvil, Wencle 1854 

Kratochvil, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. E. 1902 

Kratochvil, Enoch 1854 

Kratochvil. John 1854 

Kratochvil. Frank. Jr 1854 

Krubner, Toseph 1855 

Krubner. Mary 1855 

Krussell. Oscar F 1875 

Kuemin. Joseph C 1870 

Kvselka. Alice 

Kysclka. John 1856 

Kyselka. Frances 1886 

Kyselka. Prokop 1856 

Kyselka. Harry B., M. D 1877 

Kyselka. Otto 

Kyselka. Lucv 

Kyselka, Abbie 

Lacore. Mr. and Mrs. Marion 186? 

Lacore. Dr. J. 1870 

Tacore. Mrs. Addie 1895 

T.eFontsev. A. D 1881 

T.add. Elisha P 1852 

Ladd. Marv Wilmarth (Mrs. 

E. P.) 1852 

Ladd. Emmor 1853 

Ladd. Agnes D 1884 

Lamb. Mrs. Wm 1872 

Lang. Mrs. Dolly (Wyncoop) 1901 

Langworthy. H. A 1852 

T.anpworthv. .Xnne 1866 

Lardie. George W 1859 

T.ardie. Mrs. George W 

Lardie, Mr. and Mrs. George 1859 

Lardie. Mr. and Mrs. Euseba 1872 

Lardie. Arthur 1872 



O P 


Lardie, Claj'ton 1884 

Larkins. Mr. and Mrs. John M 1880 

Lather. Mr. and Mrs. George 1891 

Lothwell, Harry 1878 

Lothvvcll. Mrs. Harry 1872 

Lewis, Dr. Z 

Lautiier, Mr. and Mrs. Ferdinand.. 1865 

Lautner, Mr. and Mrs. John 1865 

Lautiier, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph 1865 

Lautner, Mr. and Mrs. Frank 1865 

Lautner, Mr. and Mrs. Edward.... 1865 
Lautner, Mr. and Mrs. Stephen.. ..1865 
Lautner, Mr. and Mrs. .Antonia....l865 
Lautner, Mr. and Mrs. 

W'ensel, Sr 1865 

Lautner, Wensel, Jr 1864 

Lautner. Edward 1867 

Lautner. Emil G 1878 

Lawrence. Gcorjre H 

Lawton, Frederick 1' 189<S 

Lay, Tracy A 1851 

Leach, Dr. M. L 1860 

Leach, Mr. and Mrs. D. C 1865 

Leavitt, Roswell 1875 

Lee, Z. S 1869 

Lederle. Nellie 1862 

Leggett, H. P 1878 

Leggett. .'\lma 1878 

Lee, William H 1876 

Lee, John A 1856 

Lee, lames 1855 

Lee. L. S 1869 

Lemcool, H. J 1875 

Lemon, Ella 1873 

Lemon, James 1861 

Lennox, James J 1861 

Lenno.x, Ellen 1913 

Lewis, Dr. Levi 1869 

Lewis, R. K 1882 

Lewis, Norman 1863 

Lewis, Horatio B 1869 

Liddy. Kathleen E. Vlack 1885 

Litchticld, Lucius C 18()9 

Litney. A 1868 

Loucks, Mr. and Mrs. George 1857 

Loucks, Bruce 1890 

Loucks, Mrs. Bruce 1895 

Loudon, William 187-: 

Loudon, Mrs. Wm 1851 

Lovedav. Douglas C 1883 

Love, William 1886 

Love, .\gnes (McDonald) 186/ 

Lutman, George D 1859 

Lutman, Addie Brockway 1863 

Lyon, Merritt L 1913 

Lyon, William 1881 

Lyon. .Mrs. .Myrtle E 1883 

McColl, Mrs. Emm.i 1 1890 

McColl, Angus 1889 

McCormick. 1. M 1902 

McDonald, Simon W 1862 

McDonald, John 1852 

McDonald. Mary McKeand 

(Mrs. John) 1852 

McEvan, Mrs. Martha A ,1889 

McGarry, Stephen 1861 

McGarry, Mrs. Bridget 1866 

McGarry, Mr. and Mrs. Michael. 1866 

M cGarry, Stephen ...1866 

McGarry. Mrs. S I860 

McGinnis. lane 1852 

McGinnis, lack 1852 

Mclntyre. M. H 1877 

Mcintosh, Mr. and Mrs. John 1879 

McKidnicr, Neil 1870 

McMachen, William 1867 

McMichael. Mr. and Mrs. S. H 188? 

McManus. T. D 1866 

McManus, Ray E 1884 

McManus, Mrs. Harriet M 1895 

McMuUen, Mr. and Mrs. D. H ..186' 

McNamara. Edward 1881 

McNultv, Stanley 1896 

McNulty, Nellie Sheridan 1866 

McLaughlin, James J 1851 

McLaughlin, Marie A 1856 

McRae. A. D 1858 

McRae, Mrs. A. D... 1867 

McWethv, George W 188? 

McWethy, Hattie 1853 

Maakestad, Rev. lolm Iohnson....l889 

Maakestad, Caroline M" 1889 

Maddison, E. V 1884 

Manville, W. H 1882 

Manville, Phehe 1882 

Marshall, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. A 1864 

Marshall, lohn D 1864 

Marshall, Dellia Eiman 1878 

Masters, Bertha Curtiss 1868 

Mason, .Alexander 1859 

Mason, Fred D 1863 

Matheson, Peter 18()6 

Matchett, Robert 1867 

Matteson, Capt. Daniel 1864 

Mattison. Mrs. Daniel 1862 

Maynard. A. 1 1893 

.Vlatzen, Mr. and Mrs. lohn P.. .1883 
Markham. Mr. and Mrs. J as. W...1874 

Martin, George F 185') 

Martinek, Mr. and Mrs. I. N 1876 

Martinek. Jas. S 1883 

.Martinek, Frank 1871 

.Marvin, William A 1887 

.Marvin, .Martha M 188' 

.Marvin, Fletcher D 188' 

-Marvin, lulia 1887 

.Matchett. Robert 1867 

Meads, Mrs. Isabelle Guiiton 187J 

Mears. William 186S 

Mebert. William 18,=i4 

Mebert. Mrs. William 185') 

Mebert, Henry T 1855 

Mebert, Dr. A. W 1873 

Mebert, Roscoe M 18';') 

Mebert, Estelka Helen 189/ 

Mebert, Mrs. Martha 18/4 

Merrill, I. R 1858 

Merrill. L. A 1844 

Middle ton, Joshua 1856 



Middlcton. Harriet A 1856 

Middlcton. Frank 185S 

Middlcton. v. H 186.^ 

Miller. Lewis 1841 

Miller. Katherine Kiley (Mrs. 

Lewis) 184-1 

Miller. E. E 1847 

Miller. Mrs. Sarah 1 

Miller. Archie A 1849 

Miller, lanet R. (iMrs. Archie) 1878 

Miller. W. B 1861 

Miller. A. D 1878 

Miller. H. E 1877 

Miller. Mrs. H. E 1890 

Miller. Hugh R 1856 

Miller. Mrs. Mary 1893 

Miller. Dorothea 1862 

Miller. OrviUe G 1891 

Miller. Marcia Pratt 1891 

Miller. I. W 1847 

Milliken. lames W 1868 

Milliken. lallie T. (Mrs. 1. VV.).... 

.Milliken. James T 1882 

Milliken. Hildegarde (Mrs. 

L T.) 

Miller. A. F 1881 

.Miller. Mrs. A. D 1880 

Miller. Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 

Marshall 1861 

Miller. Chas 1863 

Mills. J. G 1855 

Mills. Mav G. (Mrs. ]. G.) 1855 

Mills. Mrs. J. Cross 1875 

Mills. C. E 1870 

Mills. Fred E 1867 

Milbert. Mr. and Mrs. J 1882 

Minor, Dr. Ernest B 1889 

Minor. Mrs. Minnie 1899 

Miner. Clara A 1884 

Mitchell. W. H. C 1866 

Mitchell, Isabelle (Mrs. W. 

H. C.) 1866 

Mitchell. Cassius W 1868 

Mitchell. William 1846 

M itchell. George 

Moblo. E. N 1866 

Moblo. Delvina 1865 

Moffatt. Orlanda 1837 

Moffatt, Amelia 1837 

Moffatt. Seth C 1866 

Moffatt. Emma Linnell 1864 

Moffatt. lohn Orlando 1868 

Moffatt. Orlando C 1868 

Moffatt. Mary Cameron 1870 

Moir. George 1894 

Moir, Mrs. George 1883 

Moore. Mrs. Jas. A 1864 

Monroe. Mr. and Mrs. Wm 1859 

Monroe, Mrs. Pauline 1860 

Monroe, lames H 1859 

Monroe. DeEtta E 1860 

.Monroe, C. W.... 1859 

Monroe, Mary S 1864 

Monroe, Marcus 1 1859 

Monroe, Edward A '....187^ 

Monroe, Mrs. Linda 1875 

Morgan, John C 1895 

Morgan, Arvilla G. (Mrs. I. C.) ...1895 

Morgan. Don S 1895 

Morgan. Carrie Thomas (Don). ...1882 

Morgan. I^irnev 1 1862 

Morgan. .Mrs. B. J 1854 

Morgan. Theron B 1882 

Morgan. Marks D 1862 

Morgan. Xorman C 

Morgan. Abbia (Mrs. N. C.) 1858 

Morrison. Mrs. Josephine (Gay).. 1847 

Morrison. William 1868 

Morrison, Robert 1867 

Morrison, Elsie 1867 

Morrison, Mr. and Mrs. Peter 1880 

Morris. Louis 1892 

Montague. Mr. and Mrs. Herbert.. 1867 

Montague. J. A 1867 

Montague. Ida A 

Munson. Dr. ]. D 1885 

Muncy. Levi 1839 

Muncy. Caroline (Mrs. Levi) 1841 

Murray, Bryan 1887 

Murray, Mrs. Rose H 1871 

Murray, Caroline 1872 

Murray, Levi 1872 

Myers, George A 189.-, 

Myers, Joseph M 1871 

Neason, Vincent 1864 

Neason, Mrs. Henrietta 1864 

Nelson. .WUs 1860 

Nelson. William 

Nerlinger. Amil F 1878 

Nerlinger, Rozela 1883 

Nemac, Rose Maria 1894 

Nesitt, Geo. L 1892 

Newton. Edgar A 1881 

Newton. Maggie L 1881 

Newton. Kathervn Germaine 

Newton. W^illiam A 1881 

Newcomb. Eddie 

Newvillc, John A 1881 

Newcomb. Elizabeth 1860 

Newhouse, Benjamin F 1894 

Newhouse, Mrs. .Sarah 1894 

Nicholson, Mrs. Minnie Wait 

Noble, H. H 1855 

Noble, E. S 1865 

Norris, John 1837 

Norris, Mary E. (Wait) 1850 

Noteware. J. H 1869 

Noteware, Mrs. H 1852 

Noteware. Geo. H 1913 

Noteware. Mrs. Geo. H 

Novotny. Albert 1878 

Oberlin, Mr. and .Mrs. .\like^ 1880 

Oberlin. loe 1883 

Oberlin. Emma Snell 1881 

Oberlin. Ida R 1879 

O'l3onald. Barney 1860 

Ostrander, Archie 1897 


OLD S E 1' T L E k S 

O F 


F^almer, A. E 

Palmer. J. J 1863 

Palmer. Sarah E 1864 

Palmer. Hattie T 1865 

Palmer. xMelville 1858 

Parmenter, E. L 1865 

Parmalee, George 1869 

Parmalee, Airs. Huldah 1869 

Patchin, John W 1891 

Patchin. Ruth M. (xMrs. J. W.)....1891 

Potter, Estella 1862 

Patten, Geo. W 1879 

Payne, R. W 1877 

Payne, Dr. W. M 1890 

Peck, E. J 1864 

Peck, L. R 1884 

Peck, Air. and Airs. A. W 

i'eck, Mr. and Airs. A. T 1887 

Perry, Henry 1856 

Perry, Ella Wa^sworth 1854 

Petertyl, Victor. Sr 1854 

Petertyl, Victor 1864 

Petertyl, Mrs. Victor 1885 

Petertyl, Katherine (wife of 

Victor, Sr.) 1844 

Petertyl, A J 1868 

Petertyl, Mrs. A. J 1872 

Petertyl, Alinnie 1886 

Petertyl, Lottie 1888 

Pettitt. lames A 1867 

Pickard, Bernie 1868 

Phelps, Benjamin 1870 

Phillips, Rosie G 1865 

I'hillips, Ella Canfield 1865 

Phillips, Mrs. lessie Gunton 1865 

Pierce, Rosetta K 1873 

Pierce, Carl M 1879 

Pohoral, F 1861 

Pohoral, Airs. Anna 1861 

Pohoral. Joseph 1861 

Pohoral, Anthony 1861 

Pohoral, Mary A 1861 

Porter, W. P 1854 

Porter. Elizabeth 1848 

Porter, W. H 1857 

Porter, Mrs. A. A 1849 

Porter, R. G 1858 

Porter, A. E 1857 

Porter, Mrs. Ella 1862 

Porter. John N 1854 

Potter, C. M 1862 

Powers, Mrs. A. A 1849 

Powers. Olive 1858 

Powers. Wellington M 1892 

Powers, Mrs. A. E 1883 

Pratt, Mr. and Mrs. Jerome M 1849 

i'ratt, W. R 1857 

Pratt, Airs. W. R 1864 

Pratt, E. S 1866 

Pratt, Mrs. E. S 1861 

Pratt. Fred H 1891 

Pratt, Chas. R 1882 

I'ray. Stephen 1866 

Pray. Lavina 1866 

Pray, George 1864 

I'riest, .Andrew 1865 

Price, John B 1867 

Price, Thomas S 1867 

Proutv. Hugh AI 1861 

! Prouty, Martha 1880 

Prouty. Airs. Lucv 1886 

Prouty. Willard A 1861 

Prouty. Rachael 1861 

Pulcipher. John 1855 

Pulver, Almon E 1865 

Pulver, Airs. Kate 1863 

Putman, J. D 

Pliyl)us, Christopher 1860 

RafT, George 1880 

Raf¥, Airs. Sarah 

Ramsdell. Mr. and Mrs. J. G 1860 

Ransom, Fayette 1860 

Ransom. Edna F 1866 

Ransom, E. L 1867 

Rennie, William 1851 

Rennie, Airs. Margaret 1851 

Rennie, John 1859 

Rennie, Airs. John 1872 

Revolt, Chas 1873 

Revolt, Airs. Mary 1872 

Rickard, Harrison 1862 

Rickard. Alarv E 1859 

Rickard. A. W 1868 

Rickard, Alabelle A 1881 

Rice, Mr. and Mrs. E 1861 

Revolt, Fred 1872 

Rice, S. A 1867 

Rich, .Moses J 1888 

Rich, Mrs. AI. J * 1876 

Richardson, Samuel 1868 

Reynolds. Richard 1862 

Robertson, Air. and Mrs. J. W 1865 

Robertson, George A 1865 

Robertson, Mrs. G. A 1859 

Roberts, Air. and Mrs. Loren 1871 

Ross, Derics 1866 

Ross, W. H 1868 

Rose, H. 1853 

Round, Mr. and Mrs. Richard 1882 

Round, Lizzie AI 1876 

Roush, Air. and Mrs. George 1869 

Roush, May A 1859 

Routsong, W. T 1875 

Routsong, Louise Birmely 1867 

Rowley. Dr. A. S 1886 

Ruthardt, Louis 1868 

Kuthardt. Kmline 1868 

Rutherford, Henry 1852 

Roush. David 1867 

Sackett. Henry 1875 

Salisbury, W^ E 1892 

Sarasin, Wm 1867 

Sarasin, Piazil 1863 

Saunders, J. E 1866 

Saunders, Hattie 1886 

Saunders. Walingford 1866 

Saunders. Hannah (Airs. W.) 1867 

Sayler, Samuel H 1865 

Scofield, D. B 1862 




Scotield. Alma M 1856 

Scoiield. O. E 1861 

Scoficld. M. E „ 1870 

Scofield, Emma 1867 

Scofield. Mrs. V. N 1881 

Scott. D. H 1870 

Scott. Mrs. H. J 1877 

Scott, Mr. and Mrs. W. H 1900 

Scott. John 1857 

Secore, Joseph 1864 

Secore. Mr. and Mrs. Philip 1857 

Secore, Ezan 1857 

$elkirk, Mr. and Mrs. George 1870 

Selkirk, Chas 1870 

Seymour. Aleck 1868 

Sliapton, R. S 1875 

Shane, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas 1867 

Shane, Mrs. James 1869 

Shane, Winifred 1872 

Shane. Lncy (Mrs. W.) 1884 

Sheffer. Andrew F 1867 

Sherman, J. J 1860 

Sherman, Fanny H 1858 

Sherman, Thomas H 1867 

Sherman. Mrs. Thomas 1895 

Sherman, Sophia 1857 

Shilson, William 1856 

Shilson. Jane Harris 1857 

Shilson, Thomas Gilbert 1859 

Sheridan, Mr. and Airs. Martin.... 1860 

Sheppard, B3'ron S 1865 

Sherwood, Charles G 1893 

Sherwood, Emma A , 1893 

Shugart, Thomas C .1883 

Shugart, Catherine A 1883 

Silver, Mrs. Richard B 1876 

Silver, Mr. and Mrs. G. Lote 1876 

Silver, Mr. and Mrs. Glen C 1876 

Simpson, Katherine 1874 

Simpson, Oscar '. 1868 

Slaby, Robert O .' 1893 

Slaby, Henry J 1893 

Sladek, Frank 1889 

Sladek, Mrs. Frank 1890 

Smith, George F 1872 

Smith, Mrs. Geo 1889 

Smith, Mrs. G. N 1868 

Smith. Mr. and Mrs. J. W 1874 

Smith, Allen 1874 

Smith, W^n. W 1860 

Smith, A. M 1861 

Smith. Ella Hatch 1866 

Smith, WiUard A 1867 

Smith. G. H 1862 

Smith, I. P 1889 

Sonle. Levi 1873 

Sonic, Annie 1873 

Souss, Lowell 1855 

Souss, Emma (Mrs. Lowell) 1857 

Sours. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph 1856 

Spinniken, Henry 1861 

Si)iiinikiii, Mrs. Louise 1868 

Spinniken, Mat hew 1865 

Spinniken, Wm. J 1865 

Spinniken, Anna 1863 

Sprague, E. L 1853 

Stadelbauer, J acob 1866 

Stebbins, Isador 1872 

Sleder, loseph 1888 

Sleder. Mrs. loseph 1888 

St. Claire, B 1871 

Steele, W. F 1860 

Steele. Rev. S 1859 

Steele. Mrs. A. R 

Steinberg, Julius 1869 

Steinberg, May Miriam 1875 

Steinberg, J. H 1873 

Steward, Mr. and Mrs. H. E 1861 

Steward. Will 1861 

Steward. Edson W 1860 

Steward, G. W 1861 

Steward, Mrs. G. W 1890 

Stigne. G. L 1878 

Stites. Empire 1862 

Stites, Kossuth 1862 

Stites, Benjamin 1863 

Stites. Mrs. B 1884 

Stites. Libbie A 1879 

Stockman, M. J 1858 

Stockman, Morris 1857 

Storey, Nathaniel 1876 

Storey, Laura ..1876 

Stone, William R 1850 

Stone. Mrs. W. R 1856 

Stover, F. J 1883 

Stover, Amanda J 1883 

Swan. Peter 1867 

Swan, Mrs. Emma ....1863 

Swan son, Peter 1871 

Swanton, Dr. L 1900 

Sluyter, Wm 1866 

Taylor. Joseph 1867 

Taylor, Mary A 1867 

Tavlor. Chas. E 1859 

Taylor. Minnie B. P 1878 

Taylor. Ernest J 

Thacker. Henry 1861 

Thacker, Rav 1875 

Thacker. Mrs. Ray 1892 

Thacker, Quincy 1862 

Thacker, Mrs. Quincy 1877 

Thacker, Mrs. Callie 1883 

Tiiirll)v. Dr. Edwin L 1872 

Thomas. Richard E 1858 

Thomas, John H 1856 

Tompkins, Wm 1855 

Tompkins, May 1861 

Thompson, Dr. I. A 1884 

Thompson, Alma Despres 1872 

Thurtell. Mr. and Mrs. Francis....l866 

Thurtell. Hubert 1866 

Titus. D. B 1885 

Titus. Josephine 1885 

Titus. "C. O 

Titus. Leon F 1885 

Titus, .-Mice Roberts 1873 

Tompkins. Sally Monroe 1863 

Tompkins, Lorenzo M 1863 

Travis. Mr. and Mrs. John ....I860 

Travis, Walter .". 1865 

Travis. Mrs. Walter 1870 

Trude. Wm. 1 1873 

Trude. Frank 1872 




Trueblood, Dr. May J 1902 

Trueblood. Dr. John 1902 

Umlor, Mr. and Mrs. T. J 1802 

Umlor. William H 1873 

L^pdike, Mrs. Helena 1865 

Vader. Sarah (Mrs. C. S.) 1861 

Vader. Calvin Shihley 1887 

Vader. Charles S 1870 

Vader. Mrs. Chas. S 1880 

Vance, Mrs. Jennie 1873 

Vanakin. W. W 1876 

Vandam, John 1868 

Vinton. Frank H 1871 

Vinton, Emma 1864 

Vinton, David J 1871 

Vinton, Ruth 1871 

Vlack, Joseph A 1883 

Vlack, Marie 1885 

Voice, George 1853 

Voorhees, Mr. H 1876 

Voorhees, Mrs. E. M 1876 

Votruba, Frank 1871 

Votruba, Amelia 1856 

Wait. S. E 1850 

Wait, Arthur W 1854 

Wait, Mrs. Alice (A. W.) 1879 

Wait, E. W 1873 

Wait, Etta M. (E. W.) 1875 

Wait, C. R 1877 

Wait, Dudley M 1850 

Wait, Francis M 1850 

Walter, Robert E 1882 

Warner, F. C 1870 

Warner, Mrs. Alice 1889 

Warner, Carson 1860 

Warner, Mrs. Vera Steffens 1871 

Weaver, George 1884 

Weathers, Frank 1871 

Webb, Chas. A 1890 

Webster, Isaac S 1867 

Webster, Martha I 1861 

Webster, C. D 1847 

Wells, Edward 1867 

Wells, Caroline Birmley 1863 

West, Mrs. T. U 1860 

Weston, Eli Arthur I'HH) 

Weston, Mrs. Stella 1900 

Wheeler, L. S 1867 

Wheeler, Rhodia W 1867 

Wheat, W. H 1875 

Wilbur, O. E 1856 

Winnie, I. G 1858 

Winnie, Mrs. I. G 1854 

Winnie, |. N 1868 

Winnie, Mrs. I. N 1869 

Winnie. Malcolm 1855 

Wheelock. Mr. and Mrs. C. W 1898 

White. Mrs. Lievetta Gunton 1858 

White. O. L 1854 

White, Thomas J 187(» 

White, Mrs. Vera Wynkoop 1901 

White. Elmer E 1883 

White, Mrs. Winifred Pratt 1874 

White. John 1863 

Whiting. Howard 1860 

Whiting. Isabel Dunn (H.) 1860 

Whitney. Evert 1882 

Whitney. iMrs. E 1899 

Whitney. Emmett 1882 

Whipple. Dan 1853 

Wightman. Willis 1864 

Wightman. Mrs. Libbie 1870 

Wilhelm. Antoine 1856 

Wilhelm, E. P 1858 

Wilhelm. Mrs. E. P 1867 

Wilhelm, |ohn 1868 

Wilhelm, Charles 1859 

Wilhelm. Emmanuel E 1861 

Wilhelm. Emma T 1866 

Wilhelm. A. 1 1856 

Wilhelm. Kate Smith (A. J.) 

Wilhelm. Emmanuel 1870 

Wilhelm. Dr. Julius 1872 

Wilhelm. Mrs. J 1898 

Wilhelm, Grace 1878 

Wilhelm. Mrs. Jennie 1856 

Wilcox. W. D 1869 

Wilcox. W. S 1883 

Williams. Simeon 1874 

W^illiams. Richard. 1856 

Williams. C. W 1836 

Williams, (ames 1865 

Williams. Daniel 1859 

Williams, Elizabeth Whitney 1853 

Williams, Mabel Bates 1868 

Willis, Henry 1867 

Wilson, William ^ 1862 

Wilson, Mrs. Julia 1863 

Willobee, Abel Vinton 1893 

Willobee, George D 1866 

W^iliobee, Florence 1890 

Willobee, Mrs. A. V 1876 

Winchcomb, E 1866 

Wolfe, Mrs. Mary J 1849 

Wood, Frank E 1868 

Woolsey, Byron 1858 

Worthington, M. A 1864 

Worthington, Amelian L 1864 

Woten. Eva E 1863 

Wright, C. V 1891 

Wright, Mr. and Mrs. D. E 1876 

Wynkoop, Thomas 1864 

Wynkoop. D. E 1864 

Wynkoop. Mrs. Carrie 1867 

Wvnkoop. Roy A 1901 

Wynkoop. Ralph E 1901 

N'oung. Mr. and Mrs. Andrew 1867 

Young. Laura .....1847 

Young. A. F 1847 

Youker. David J 1871 

Zimmerman. Joseph 1869 

Zimmerman. Mr. and Mrs. John. 1869 

Zoulek. Peter 1870 

Zoulek. Antoine 1872 







Oldest Organized Rank in the Grand 

Traverse Region 


$ 80,000.00 
1,250 000.00 

First National 

Traverse Ciiy, Michigan 










Fifty-three years of success- 
ful business sprang into exist- 
ence December 20, 1865, when 
Dr. B. D. Ashton and Albert 
W. Bacon opened up a small 
stock of groceries and drugs 
under the firm name of 

in a building which they had 
erected for that purpose on 
Front Street about ninety feet 
west of Park Street. On May 1, 
] 866, the stock, amounting to 
$722, including furniture and 
fixtures, was bought by 

of which L. W. Hubbell was the 
active partner and manager and 
Hannah, Lay & Co. special 
partners. On the first of May, 
1875, this firm closed up their 
business by selling its stock of 
groceries and provisions to 
Hannah, Lay & Co. the drugs, medicines, paints, oils, fancy goods 
and confectionery to S. E. WAIT 

On April 1, 1879, L. M. Mills, who had been owner of a drug 
store at Kalkaska, accepted a partnership with Mr. Wait, the firm to 
be known as WAIT &- MILLS 

This partnership continued until 1885, when the firm was dissolved 
by mutual consent, Mr. Mills accepting a position of traveling 
salesman with the firm of Shepard &: Hazeltine of Grand Rapids. In 
the fall of 1889, feeling the need of more commodious and pleasant 
quarters, the corner room of the new Masonic Block was leased 
from the Masonic Association and the stock was moved there Janu- 
ary 1, 18S)0. On April 1, 1901, Mr. Wait took iato partnership his 
two sons, E. W. Wait and C. R. Wait under the name of 
This partnership continued until 
1911 when C. R. Wait decided to 
go into business in Detroit, and is 
located there on the corner of 
Grand River Avenue and High 
Street. S. R. Wait and R. W. 
Wait continued the business as 
Our success is due to the libaral 
patronage of the people of the 
Grand Traverse Region, for which 
we are truly grateful and promise ^ "'"r' - m ^'T} 
them honest and faithful continued ^^^==~~-- 

service nt 

WAIT'S nui c; 


J! rfy 

r o u 1^ 



Ebner Brothers 

Printers and 

Office Supplies 

special Attention is Given to 

Citizens Phone 96 

148 State Street TRAVERSE CITY, iMICH. 



Furniture Moving a Specialty 

Geo. W. Lardie & Son 

Phone 97 Traverse City, Mich. 


Funeral Director 


Day or Night Calls Promptly 

310 S. Union St. Both Phones 

Traverse City, Michigan 

Delco-Light Products 

Goode's Garage 

Cass and State Streets 
Opposite Post Office Traverse City, Mich. 

Goodyear Service Station 
Gargoyle Mobiloils 

Grand Traverse Russet Drinking Cider 




Sole M.mufacturers 
Traverse City, 


The Globe Store Keeps Growing 

In the confidence of every one who has occasion to visit it. 
The mere telling of the size and variety of our stocks 
wouldn't be nearly as interesting as a personal visit. 

People from all over the Grand Traverse region 
come here to look and to buy, and our printed announce- 
ments are devoted to telling the news as it is found here, 
and it's always fresh, bright and interesting as the store 
and its contents. 

The Principle upon which this Business Grows is 
Value Giving. The best quality and the greatest quantity 
for the lowest price, consistent with modern merchandis- 
ing. Such has been our method of winning the con- 
fidence of the public, and such will be our plan of holding 
that confidence. 

Five Active Departments — Dry Goods, Women's 
Ready-to-Wear, Shoes, Clothing and Men's Furnishings. 

Globe Department Store 


A New Sales Policy Eliminating Agents 
and Big Selling Expenses, Allowing you 
to Deal Direct through the "Club" Plan 

This new "Club" plan is extremely simple. Many years it has 
been our object to offer the highest quality pianos and player- 
pianos at the lowest price obtainable, with a guarantee of complete 
satisfaction. We can furnish on request hundreds of letters of 
recommendation from satisfied customers throughout Grand Trav- 
erse Region. 

Through the "Club" you deal direct and save all middlemen's and 
agents profits and expenses— no agent or salesman need influence 
you. Be your own salesman— save $113 and $138 on fine pianos 
and $188 and $204 on Player-pianos. 

Simplified Easy Payment Through 
Our Economical Selling Methods. 
Write for "Club" catalogue, free for the asking. 


72 Monroe Ave. 239 E. Front St. 115 E. Main St. 

Grand Rapids Traverse City Kalamazoo 


The B. J. Morgan Orchards, Traverse City, Michigan 

Queen City Flo^ver Shop 

316-318 South Union Street 
Traverse City, Mich. 




Telephone 43, 2 Rings 


13 e a 1 e r in 

Shipping of Cattle, Hogs, Sheep and 
Chickens a Specialty. 


Traverse City Gas Company 
You conserve if you use Gas 



Stoves, Guns, Amunition and 

Fishing Tackle 

Paints, Oils and Brushes 

225 E. Front St. Traverse City, Mich. 

Agency for CHASE & SANBORN 

Famous Teas and Coffees 

Finest Grown. 

All Kinds of Groceries suitable 
for old settlers. 

Corner Front and Cass Sts., Traverse City, Mich. 

$5,000 Pipe Organ Perfect Ventilation 


Lyric Theatre 

Thursday and Friday 


.Shows— 2:15, 3:45, 7:00, 9:00. 
Admission 5, 10, 15, 20c. Change of Program Daily 


Calls Made Anywhere in the Grand 
Traverse Region 

Telephone No. 43, 2-R TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGAN 

You can always save $$$ by buying 




Mayor, 'rravoiso City 

119 Union St. 


Citizens Phone 848 Bell Phone 178 

Traverse City Steam 

GEO. F. ROWE, Proprietor 



Whiting Implement 






Dry Goods, Ready-to-Wear, Millinery 
Carpets, Wall Paper, Picture Framing 


Two new features are to be introduced tliis spring. 
The Ready-to-wear will be moved into an up-to- 
date department on the first floor, and the place 
now occupied by the Ready-to-wear made into a 
Bargain Basement. 


Hamilton Clothing Co. 


Old settlers are always welcome. Come in 

and talk over the early days in the Grand 

Traverse Region. 

Hamilton Clothing Co. 

The Chamber of Commerce 


The real thing, wcrth while, the true jewel 
on the diadem of life, is makiny: iliis old world a 
better place to live in from our havmj^ lived in it, 
making it a better place for our neighbor, our 
our friends, ourselves, our posterity. The acts 
that do this, the endeavor that lends to this end is 
the true DOING. 

This means organization and organization of 
our power into work for our town through a strong 
Central Civic Body, repiesenting the Community 
Spirit of our Town. So we'll all pull together. 

— Will 7 am iMcCoynb. 



H. A. Musselman - - President 

L. C. Stocking - - Vice-President 

W. J. Hobbs - - Secretary 

E. P. Allen - - Treasurer 

C. J. Ebner - Director Organization Affairs 

C. F. Hunter - Director Industrial AlTairs 

J. T. Milliken - Director Civic Affairs 

L. K. Gibbs - - Director at Large 

M. D. Bryant - Director at Large 

For any particular information write the Secretary 

Traverse City, - - - Michigan 


Your Reliable Home Furnisher 

Your patronage is always ap- 
preciated by J. \V. Slater, the 
Original Home Furnisher of 
Northern Michigan. 







P'urniture, Stoves, Dishes, 

Carpets, Rugs, Lace Curtains, 

Tinware, etc. 

J. W. Slater 

120 East Front St. 

J. W. Slater's Store 22 years ago. 

Present Store, liOOO Feet IHoor Space 


National Grocer 




Importers and Wholesale Grocers 

Distributors of 




Teas, Coffees, Spices and Food Products. 

By insisting upon the above brands you are doing 
yourself a favor and helping your city and community 

Distributing Agenis for the celebrated 


The National Beverage. 

National Grocer Co. 


Notary Public Insurance, Loans 



Expert in Fruit and Farm Locations. Twenty-five 
years a tiller of Grand Traverse soil. 


Potato Implement Co. 


Hand Potato and Corn Planters, Sprayers 
and Compressed Air Sprayers. 


Dodge Brothers 


Dodge Brothers lousiness Car comes 
up to the most that the pubh'c has 
learned to expect of Dodge Brothers. 

It is a product of which they are 
proud, and one it will pay everv 
business man to investigate. 

// ivill pay you to visit ii$ and examine this car. 

The haula8:e cost is unusually low. 

Business Car, Touring Car or Roadster %^Mh 

Sedan or Coupe $1425 

(All prices f. o. b. Detroit^ 

Fisk Auto Company 

114 Park Street 

Bell Phone 173, Citz. 52 

Traverse City, Mich. 

Traverse City Milling Co. 


Ideal Products 

Once Tried, Always Used 

Flour and Feed 

Buyers of Grain, Beans, Hay and Straw. Farm 
and Feed Seeds a Specialty. I'"eed Grinding and 
Flour Exchange. Where the Farmer can Sell and 
get the Most. Where the Consumer can Buy the 
Cheapest and get the Best. 










VI VIU fall 



Hoffmann & Earle Shoe Co. 

Mayer Honorbilt Shoes 
Fine Shoe Repairing 

531 S. Union Street 

Traverse City, 




Speaks for Itself 

H. R. WALES, Proprietor 

Citz. Phone IL'S 

238 Park Street 



215 E. Front St. Traverse City, Michigan 

Films Developed 10c Per Roll 

Prints 3c and 4c Each 

Cameras and Photo Supplies of All Kinds 


32 Years in Business 

Always sold Good Clothes. We 
have a large assortment of every- 
thing that men and boys wear. 
Call on us when you want a suit of 
clothes. One of the old settlers. 


Traverse City, - - Michigan 

Grand Traverse Region 





September 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 


Wencel Kratochvil was 
one of the best known and 
highly respecced pioneers of 
Grand Traverse Region. 

His father, Frank 
Kratochvil, opened the first 
meat market in Traverse 
City, it stood where the 
Masonic Block now stands. 


Joseph Sledcr & 

Everything First C^lass 
in Meats and Provisions. 
All Kinds of Sausage. 

547 Kast Ki.i^hlh Street 

Traverse City, Michigan 


Straub Bros. & Amiotte 


The - Famous - New - Confections 

Orange Blossoms and Opera Sticks 



We Fill Orders Quickly 

and deliver them promptly and 
carefuU}-. And we give you 
just what you order too — in 
quality and quantity. We 

keep a full line of fine staple 
Groceries and guarantee them 
to be good and pure. Our 
Teas, Coffees, Sugar, Butter, 
Cheese, Kggs, Lard and can- 
ned fruits are all warranted to 
be strictly of the best grades 
though sold cheap. 

Remember, we are headcjuarters for the celebrated Ko-We-Ba brand 
of goods. Fancy in every respect and prepared with the greatest care 
and cleanliness. 


Citizens Phone 377 

511 South Union St, 


Traverse City Overland 

311-315 Stalest. 

Both Phones 41 

Bert Mullen 

Heavy Draying of all kinds done on 

short notice. Moving Pianos a Specialty. 

Our Prices are right. 

Traverse City, 


Citz Phone 385 

539 E. Front Street 

The Western Michigan Development Bureau 
Organized Under the Laws of Michigan 


REFERENCES: The State Public Domain and Immigration Commission, or 
any bank or banker in Western Michigan. 

The Bureau is maintained to boost Western Michigan and to give reliable in- 
formation to all who ask about the opportunties that abound in this "Land 
of F'ruit and Fortune." 

Ask us about the quality of the soil and what it will grow at a profit. 

We can tell you about fruit growing or general farming. 

Write us about the good openings for Stock Raising or Dairying, 

We have up-to-date information about what can be done with Alfalfa, Sweet 
Clover. Soy Beans, Sudan (Jrass, Potatoes, Beans and the other fifty odd 
crops produced in Michigan. 

This great diversity of crops precludes the possibility of an entire crop failure — 
our eggs are not all in one basket. 

Write us for particulars about the large cut-over tracts open for colonization 
which will yield the farmer who knows his business, as good returns as the 
land in the corn belt, costing ten times as much. 

Ask us about Hotels, Resorts and where good fishing and hunting can be had. 

We can supply you with a West Michigan Pike Booklet and tell you all about 
this and many other beautiful drives in Western Michigan. 

We can tell vou about the inspection of nursery and live stock entering the state. 

Write us about our cheap and abundant water power and the many opportuni- 
ties we have for engaging in manufacturing or retail business. 

In short we are prepared to tell you anything you want to know about Western 
Michigan. The results and experience gained by our six years of successful 
work at your service free of charge. 

Western Michigan Development Bureau 



It Is Our Policy 

1. To take a personal interest in the financial wants and 
welfare of our patrons — their growth is our gain. 

2. To favor and assist our customers, large and small, in 
every way consistent with sound banking. 

3. To let the man of small and moderate affairs know that 
we really appreciate his business and afford him the same 
careful, courteous attention, the same facilities and the 
same security as the man with the larger account. 

4. To place but one consideration liigher than accommo- 
dation and that is SAFETY, which must ALWAYS COME 

5. To always bear in mind we are building a business not 
for the present only, but for ten, thirty and fifty years to 
to come. 

We Invite You to bring us your checking account and 
your savings account, as well as the accounts of any 
members of your family. 

Peoples Savings Bank 




We guarantee prompt and efficient service 
in General Draying, Storage and Moving. 

Orders Taken for Coal 

Columbia Transfer Co, 

Citizens Phone 44 








We extend to you a cordial invitation to visit us in our 
location— one door east of the Peoples Savings Ban 


Do You Want 

Cut Flowers 
Floral Arrangements 
Bedding Geraniums 
Vegetable Plants 

We can Supply that need. 


210 W. Eleventh St. 


General Hardware 

Guns, Ammunition 


Fishing Tackle 

Both Phones 10 Traverse City, Michigan 

Rates $2.50. All Rooms with Hot and Cold 

With Bath $3.00 Running Water and Phones 

The V/hiting Hotel 

J. p. OHERLIN, Prop. 


Large Light Sample Rooms Onl}- Brick Hotel 

Free to Guests in the City 

For Fire Insurance 

Ask Mr. Santo 

State Bank Building 


Wells - Higman 

Manufacturers of Stave, Splint 
and Fruit Baskets 


West Michigan Garage 





General Garage Repair 
Vulcanizing a Specialty 

West Michigan Garage 






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E. B. Fick Louis Culman 

The Basket Grocery 


Fancy Groceries, Fruits and Vegetables 
Our Specialty 

Highest Prices Paid for Butter and Eggs 

223 East Front St. Traverse City, Michigan 

Fourth of July 


At the Fair Grounds 

Traverse City, July 4, 1918 

Bensley's Steam Dye Works 

119 Cass St. 

Phone 335 


Fashion Demands All Colors 

It matters not whether milady's dress is 
pink, blue, green, we clean everything. 


With;17 years experience in the business, I am 
in position to serve your interests to the best ad- 
vantage. Our stock is complete and our work is 
finished in a first class manner. If in need of a ceme- 
tery memorial, I would appreciate a call from you. 


Pioneer of Grand Traverse County. 




The Pioneer of Northern Michi- 
gan. Kstablished 1877. '1 he 
Best of Everything in the Bak- 
ing Line at all times. The Old 

BELL, The Baker 

209 Front Street 
Traverse City, - Michigan 



Opposite the City Market 
Both Phones 168 Traverse City, Michigan 

Here'e Quality 
For You ! 

Stetson Hats, Styleplus Suits and Overcoats, 
Interwoven Sox, Wilson Bros. Shirts, Barker 
Collars, Duofold Health Underwear. 



Wholesome, Healthful Beverages 


The Queen City Bottling 


They Make Young Folks of 
Old Settlers 

Traverse City, - - Michigan 

H. Brodhagen & Sons 


Auto and Horse 

Agents for 

Defiance Tires and 


Boyd's Official R. R. Taxi 
and Transfer 


Citizens 31 1 

Residence R-1084 

Bell 109 


— this if is that has g^iven this Piano such great popularity — 
RELIABILITY that is built into it with every piece of ma- 
terial, and through every process entering into its construction. 

Grinnell Bros. 

Own Make 


It's highest grade from pedals to action, 
sounding board, frame and case — and, "Sweet- 
est Tone in the World" is the term music- 
lovers apply to the tone of this superb 

SELVES, and that we own and operate three 
factories gives some idea of the great number 
sold. It is backed with as strong a guarantee 
as was ever written. 

Pianos, Player - Pianos, 

Victrolas, Records, 

Small Musical Instruments 

Sheet Music, Cabinets, 

Player Rolls, etc. 

Grinnell Bros. 

Manu fact urersjand ^Retailers 


Cor. i'ront and Cass Streets 

Grinnell Hros. (own make) Pianos are sold at Factory-to-you price 

and on easy payments. 





As it was when it moved into its new home in 1883 

Remodeled in 1905 and 1906 into the most modern and 
best equipped Department Store, with the largest assort- 
ment of merchandise to be found m Northern Michigan. 




The Hannah & Lay Merc. Co. 









^^ . 



























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— • 





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M . 

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Fishing Tackle 


We have a $1,000 stock of Fishing Tackle for you to select your 
wants from. 

Don't fail to see our complete line of genuine English Flies. All 
sizes, makes and colors. 

We also carry a large assortment of Rods (steel and bamboo,) 
Baskets, Reels, Minnow Buckets, Leaders, Sneils, Landing Nets, Lines, 
in fact everything a fisherman needs. 

You will be surprised at the remarkably low prices on these goods, 
due to the ordering of our immense stock. 

Littlefield's Cigar Store 

214 East Front Street TRAVERSE CITY, MICHIGAN 

Citizens Phone R-1133 Bell 1 hone 325 


Cast Stone Manufacturers 




Traverse City Wagon Works 

Corner Union and State 

Auto Bodies and Auto Trailers 

Farm Wagons, Farm Trucks, Delivery Wagons, 

Heavy Spring Wagons, Farm Sleighs, 

Log Sleighs, Delivery Sleighs 


Traverse City, Michigan 


Traverse City Wagon Works 


Corner Union and 
State Streets 


Auto Forging, Spring Work, Auto Body and 
Wheels, Wood Working, Painting, Tire Vul- 
canizing, Top Repairs and Upholstering. 


• -^.w^^^ttacaissKSWKA. 




<$^v^. ^i||||||» 



1 ''illli 


1 Jill 




LA f^-' 




Founder Traverse Bay Ka^rle. 

First Editor (Jrantl Traverse Herald. 

Sensible, Impartial, Independent 

Traverse City 
Record -Eagle 

Traverse City l^iiblishing Co. 

Northern Michigan's Greatest Daily 

Covers iN(3rthern Michigan 

By Mail $3.00 per year 
By Carrier 10c per week 

123 East Front St. 


Came to Traverse City in 1868, 
founder of the Steinberg Store 
in 187H, sold out to Steinberg 
Bros in 1903. Succeeded by 
J. H. Steinberg in 1915. 

The old reliable trading place. 
The store that always makes 
good. The store that gives 
you rebate coupons and saves 
you half on many purchases. 

J. H. Steinberg 



531 Randolph St. 




The Leadins: Hotel of the Grand 
TraveI■^le Rejrion. 

All Modern Conveniences. American Plan. 

W. O. HOLDEN, Mgr. 



Traverse City, 


Finest Drug Store in Northern 



W. S. 


Established in 1866 
52 years, Three Generations 

318 South Union Street Traverse City, Michigan 






It pays to 

trade here and 

people have 

found it out. 




Northern Michigan's Greatest and 
Up-to-date Shoe House 

36 Years of Successful 


We have kept the 





quaUty has 









Reliable Jewelers 
and Optometrists 


156 Front Street Traverse City, Michigan 

Sam's European Hotel 
and Restaurant 

Special atttention given to 
strangers and visitors in the 
Queen City of the North. 
Everything up-to-date and 
first class. One of our 
hobbies is Serving Fish 

252 E. Front St. Traverse City, Mich. 


(Jlltc ITicistings ^Insurance ^jjcncy 


306 State Bank Bldg. Phone 346 


1878 1918 

J. N. Martinek & Son 


The Old ReHable Jewelers 




Brown Lumber 

Cornell Wood Board 

yjN ^?^^^^ 



When OLD SETTLERS look back to the time when 
there were no FORD CARS and FORD SERVICE was 

unknown, they cannot help but congratulate "young settlers" 
upon the distinct advantage modern times possess over the 
"good old days." 


We are Authorized Ford 


New Cars, Firestone Tires, Genuine Ford 
Parts, Full Line of Automobile Accessor- 
ies, Gasoline, Famous White Star Oil. 
Repairs, Vulcanizing. Most Efficient 
Garage Service. 


I Grand Traverse Auto | 



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