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Full text of "The old trunk, or Sketches of colonial days"

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975.501 
C38b 
1676448 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



3 1833 02341 321 1 



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THE OLD TRUNK, 



—OR — 



SKETCHES OF GOLONiliL DAYS, 



POVvVHATAN BOULDIN, 



AUTHOR OF 



Home REMifiiscEfiCES of John Rkndolph. 



RICHMOND, VA.: 

Andrews, Baptist & Clemmitt, Stxcam Pkjnters. 

IStiS. 



THE OLD TRUNK. 



CHAPTER I. 

THE FROXTIEE OF HALIFAX Ti/rKATEXED — ORDER TO MAUCH 

SKETCHES OF CLEMEXT READ, THO.MAS BOULDIX AXD ABRA- 
HAM :^[at;ry. 



I had an aunt v.lio lived to be ninetv-four years of ap,e; 
her mother was ninety-tln-ee. My aunt was tlio grand- 
daugliter ol' one of the first settlers of Clairlotte county, 
Ya. That old pioneer kept his important pan^'r^ in a 
trunk, and a verj' ancient piece of workmanship it was. 
It was a trunk when the timbers of the oldest liouses in 
the country were growing in the forest, and when the 
ricliest lauds were sold for a trifle. It performed its 
daily otHce when there was a vice-royal court at \\ il- 
liamsburg, whence our ancestors received their com- 
missions under the hands of the Colonial Governors of Vir- 
ginia. To its safe-keeping valuable papers were en- 
trusted when the chureli wardens contracted for the 
building of the first church in the county. It has sur- 
vived the ruins of the first settlements made l>y the white 
man; it reoeivc-d the last cursi- of tlie red man, a>s he 
stood over the graves of his forefathers, and caught the 
la^t echo as he retreated toward the setting sun : it saw 
the pai'ting look \\hich he cast upon his hunting grounds, 
and the scowl upon his countenance as he heai'd the 
forests resound with the axes of the white men. 

This depository of memorials of the past was handed dew n 
from father to son, and two rt}'- four years ago my aunt 



went to it, and taking out a bundle of papers solemn!}' de- 
livered tliem to me, having on former occasion^, told rae 
all about tiiem and the men and things of the olden 
time. And, reader, if you have a curiosity to examine 
these jjapers with me, and would like to read sketches of 
some of the old pioneers of Charlotte, and gel a glimpse 
of colonial life, I will open the Old Trunk for you; se- 
lecting only such documents as are of historic value. 

Are you not curious to know what you will see, first ? 
when it was written: by whom: and what it is about? 

''April 18th, 1758. 
"Capt. r.OULDIN: 

"You, with -tlie men under your command, are to 
march to Halifax Court-house, there to joyn a company 
raised h\ Col. ^laury, whose orders you are to receive. 

'•I am informed that Major Harris has received costs 
and orders from the government to furnish such forces as 
are sent to the assistance of Halifax county with provi- 
sions. ^ To Col. ^faury then you are to apply' for his orders 
to Major Harris for a supply for your men. ^ In the mean- 
time you are to take tlie steps appointed l>y law to procure 
those necessary. 

"Col. Maury will meet you at the Court-house, and give 
you directions where to march to the relief of the frontier 
of this county. 

"I am, your humble servant, 

Clem't Read." 

"P. S. — You must cause your Lieutenant to keep an 
exact journal of all your marches, and the difll-rent routes 
you take, and of all transactions relating thereto, that it 
may be returned to the President at Williamsburg, accord- 
ing to order, 

" You nuist also cause him to keep an exact muster-roll, 
and keep an account of all provisions expended on tlie 
company, and of all the ammunitio)i, kv.. 

C. H." 



Before I proceed to comment upon tlie foregoing- mili- 
tary order, I will lay before the reader another little .slip, 
written seven months later. It is as follows: 

" LUNENP.UKG COITNTY, Sc, 

November Court. 1768. 
There was levied by the Court the sum of lift}- pounds, 
current money, to be" collected by the Sheritf and paid to 
Thomas ]>ouldin. Gent., for him to pundiase armrs for the 
pooi', A;e., according to Act of Asseml^ly. 

Clkmext IIead, C. L. C." 

The foregoing documents carry us bacl-c 18 years before 
the Jvcvol'ution, to the Lime when tlie French and Indian 
wai- v.as in progn-ss, wlien Francis Fau<|uier was (-Jovernor 
of the Colony, before Charlotte county was cut otf from 
Lunenburg, a\ hen the Indian still lingered around the 
graves of his Ibrefathers, and wild beasts roamed the 
forests of the valk^ys of the Staunton anil tlie Dan. 

Three old stocks, Read, Bouldin and >raury, are men- 
tioned, from whom have sprung numerous descendants. 

Clement liead is the ancestor of all the Keads that the 
writer knows anytlnng about, and his descendants, like 
the descendants of Col. Bouldin, are scattered all over the 
United States. He was the old clerk of Lunenburg, and 
the father of Col. Thomas Lead, tlic first clerk of Char- 
lotte; tlie grandfather of the late Lev. Clement Lead, who 
lived on Staunton river, and the great-great-maternal 
grandtather of the writer. 

The first that is known of him is his landing at Wil- 
liamsburg, being a small lad. Wlieie lie originally came 
from [ do not know. Being a s-prightly and i)rep()ssessing 
youth, Speaker Lobinson took a fancy to him, and sent 
him to AVilliam and Mary Colleger, where he u'l'iuluated. 
He afterwards went to King and Queen county, where lie 
married a wealthy and most accomplished lady, whose 
maiden name was Mary Hill. She lived at " AVhite 



6 

Panic," the old Eobinson homestead, and it was there that 
CltMiieiit Keud, the adopted son of Jolm, or "Speaker" 
RobinsDii, ih'st saw lier. Tlie honse in wliicli she lived, 
and in which she was married, is still standing, and it is 
said to be one of the oldest houses in that section of 
country. 

Clement Picad settled in Luneidjurg- (now Charlotte) in 
the year 178-3. His residence was on Koanoke, about two 
and adialf miles from the present county seat, Avhich was 
named Marysville, in honor of liis wife; it has since been 
changed to Smithville. Col. Kead own.ed not less than 
100 slaves, and lived in elegant style. Wealthy, highly 
educated, possessed of a line understanding and ca}>tivat- 
ing marmers, he witdded great influence in the Colon}-. 
He built the iirst framed hou.-e which was built in Char- 
lotte. All the country around Danville was in forest at 
that time, inhabited by wild beasts — bears, wild cats and 
bullaloes. This fact is ascertained from Byrd"s account of 
his journey to his '"Land of Eden"" in ITo-"). That was 
tfic name \\-liicli lie ga\'c to the twenty thousand acres of 
land which he took up as compensation for his services for 
running the dividing line between A'irginia and North 
Carolina. The Indians had not lelt the country: for, on 
one occa>iion. he says, his surxeying party were alarmed 
by a report of one of his woodsmen, who stated that he 
had followed the track of a great body of Indians to the 
place whei-e they hatl lately encamped. Co1. Byrd quieted 
them as well as he could, by telling them, "if they were 
Cata\vl)as there w as no danger, because they were too fond 
of our trade to lose it for the [ileasurc of shedding a 
little Etiglish blood.'" He describes the beautitul spot 
(above Panville) where the Sauro Indians once lived, but 
who were driven south by the fretpient inroads of the 
Seneoas. 



Tbo " ]^fiiid of Edcu'' passed from the Ryrds itiio the 
handf^ of a man l)v the name oi" Farley. Tlie tradilion 
wliicli we get Irom Mr. Geo. L. Aiken is, tliat Farluy won 
the whole 20,000 acres of Col. ]^yrd at dice. Gen. Izzard, 
who married Farley's daughter, once lived in a small log 
house, which he bidlt on the road from ])anville to Cas- 
cade, just bclo^v Cascade creek. lie sohi most of the 
land after it had been divided into IG parts. l*atrick 
Henry once owned two of them, comprising betwx'cn 
2,000 and 8,000 acres. He gave them to his sons, Spots- 
\\ood and Xathaniel. ^[r. G. AVint-ton, thi-ir brotlier-in- 
law, afterwards bought them, and sold them to various 
{)ersons. The last remnant of Byrd's land (580 acres) was 
sold by Capt. Xoble, of Danville, as attorney for a gentle- 
man in Philadelphia, to Peter Scales, at the price of one 
dollar per acre. 

At the time that Col. Hyrd visited his " J.and of Eden,'' 
and at the time that Col. Read moved to Charlotte, the 
settlers in Virginia, including the negroes, did not num- 
ber 200,000: but there were many Indians, who Vv'cre I'cni- 
nants of the thirty tribes between tide-water and the moun- 
tains, united in a grand confederacy under King Pow- 
hatan. 

It appears from tlie foregoing order to nuirch, that 
twenty-five years after Cl&ment Read settled in Lunenburg, 
on the banks of the Little Roanoke, and twenty-live years 
after Col. Byrd made his journey to his " hand of Fden," 
on the banks of the Dan, the frontier of Halifax county 
was threatened. Halifax, at that time, included Pittsyl- 
vania, Patrick and Jienry, and stretched far across the 
mountains. 

The Bouldin, to whom the foregoing order was given, 
emigrated from ^hu•ylantl to Lunerd)nrg (no^v Cha.rlottc) 
county in 174-k He was origin;dly from th<' Slate of 
Pennsylvania. His father was an Fnglishman. HIsgi\en 



name v/as Thomas, and he built the .second framed house 
that was huilt in Charlotte. He Avas a mercliant andfarmer 
at the same time, and at ditferent times .sheriff", magis- 
trate and colonel of the militia. IJe was, besides, a most 
active and zealous member ul' the established Church. 
Bu.siness was his forte, and the most distinctive trait of 
Ills character was his gi'cat moral and ]>hysical courage. 
He died in ITSo, having livtul in his adi:)}»ted county thirty- 
nine years. In the Old Ti'uidv was found a copy of his 
will, ma<le out by Thomas Read, clerk, from wdiich it 
appears that he was a large land-holder. Among other 
tracts of land dis})os<jd of, 1 notice one of 760 acres in 
Henry county, given .to his son Joseph. He was buried 
by the side of his wife, at the old homestead, vrhich has 
l)een in the family one hundred and forty-eight years. He 
was the father of Major Wood Bouldin, an otiicer of the 
Revolution, the grandfather of Hons. Tlios. T., James W. 
and Louis C. Houldin. great grandi'ather of the late Judge 
AVood Bouldin, of the Supreme Court of Appeals of A'ir- 
ginia, and the ancestor of many bearing his name now- 
residing in various parts of the LTnited States. 

The Maury, to whom Captain Bouldin was ordered to 
report, was Abraham Maui-y, A(m of Mathew Maury, who 
was born in Dublin, but died in Virginia in 1752. IHs 
wife's name was Ahiry Ann h'ontaine. Abraham Maury 
married Susanna Poindexter and lias a nund)er of de- 
scendents in Virginia. Thu l\ev. James Maury was a 
brother of Abraham, and the great-grandfather of the 
distinguished Commodore Mathuw Fontaine Maury, wdiose 
f^xme extends over the civilized world. In a letter written 
in 1759, the Rev. James Maury, referring to Abraham 
Maury, says : 

"Mybrotlier is concerned in victnalizing the troops 
stationed on the southwestern frontier of ibis colony, 
and by liis prudence, activity and spirited conduct, lias 



greatly con.tributed lo kecjt the remote iuliabitaiits from 
abandoning- tlieir Labitations, and thereby, has done no 
snndl service to his conntry." 

How interesting the Journal of the march of Captain 
Bonldin's and Colonel Mamy's men would be if we liad 
it, but history gives us no account of it. In fact, we tind 
very little in liistoi'v relating to Mrginia in colonial days. 
The foregoing little slipof papei- is all that vre have to 
iniorm us that such an expedition was ever planned. 

Wc are not surprised to tind that the first r?ci-ipt which 
we drew from the Old Trunk should introduce us lo those 
old pioneers, Maury, Read and Bouldiii, with sv,c)rds in 
hand. Those times required all the nerve that is ever 
given to man. The whites wei'e tew, tlie savages numei-- 
ous ; cnt otf from the nn~)re settled parts of the e«")lony by 
a vast trackless forest, our foretiithers had to rely upon 
their oww sti'ong arms. 

As we nuise over this manuscript, its signature, its 
date, its unmistakable marks of age, we are carried 
back in imagination to those earh' times, aiul indulg-- 
onr fancy until we liear the howling of the wolves before 
our doors and see the form of an Indian in pursuit of hi.-, 
prey. ■ 



CIlxVl'TER II 

A lIOUSE-WAHMrXii — KARE SCENES — riUP:XI)],Y INDIANS— = 

'•NEW NEGIIUES" KOUCH CKEEK CJIUKCII — ITuT WOllK WITH 

THE IMSSENTERS FIDELITY OF THE OLD CHUKCHMEN 

SKETCHES or PAUL CAHRINCTON AND I'AllSON .JOH]SSTON. 



Col. Bouliliirs wife's maiden name avus Xaiicy Clarke, 
and she brought with bei-, all the way from Maryland, 
a slip of her favorite (Bamask) rose, wliieh now (after the 
lapse of 144 years) blossonrs and bloonr-^ on the old place 
belongin<;- to dndge Thomas T. Bouldin, one of her de- 
scendants. She had to go at first into a log eal)in, an<l 
when she entered it, tinding no place to hang her gold 
lace bat, she irtpt. 

On her way to her n.ew liome she came down the Chesa- 
peake Vjay, an'] Avhile ov. board of tlie vessel, she gave 
birth to a son. She travelled upwards of a hundred miles, 
in a vs-agon. through the eouutry. thus passing through 
many rongh and trying scenes: l)ut her stout heart never 
gave way, until >:he entered her log cabin, to find no 
place for her gold lace hat. Then, it was that, for the 
first time, she iccpl. 

The old pioneer knew that the tears whi^'h his wife 
shed on that occasion, were not the unmeaning drops that 
fall from a cloud of momentary disappointment: they 
spoke volumes, and ho soothed h'er pain l)v promising 
her as comfortable a dwelling as the one she left in Mary- 
land, and going to work in earnest, he soon redeemed 
his promise. ]4e not only did that, but he was exceed- 
ingly active in de-trnying the savage features of their 
new home by the introduction of the ar(s of eivili/ed lile. 



11 

The house wliicli he built was staiuling until. al'lcr the 
war between the States. The writer remembers it well. 

The most rumarkal)le feature about it was the laru'e 
lire place ; a person live feet high migiit have stood up 
inside of it. Xo one ever looked at it, we venture to say, 
without l)eing entirely satisfied tliat wlien it was built 
there was no scarcity of wood. 

Col. BouMin promised that when his new home was 
finished he would give a house-warming, and, true to his 
promise, when the last nail was driven he invited all his 
friends, far and near, to come. An advertisement was 
stuck up on the old Keysville road, in which were these 
words : " All are welcome who choose to come/' an ex- 
pression of a soul both large and free. 

As miglit liave been expected from sncli an uni\ersal 
invitation, preparations were made on a most extensive 
scale. A large ox was roasted whole; cider was sitting 
round, not in barrels but in hogsheads. Xor did our 
forefathers confine themselves to thin potfitions ; they had 
rum. and it was not handed round in any of your small- 
sized bottles, but that, too, was in a hogshead already 
mixed into punch. All night and all the next day they 
danced and joked and frolicked to their hearfs content. 

Xatural enough, one of the party got drmdc, but Col. 
Bouldin, liberal as he was, was not the man to suffer his 
hospitalities to be abused, nor would he permit a drunken. 
turbulent fellow to disturb the festivities of this interest- 
ing occasion, so he tied him to a large oak tree in the back 
yard, and there he remained until the sun rose tbe next 
morning. The identical tree has been pointed out to me, 
and on account of this incident, I have looked at it with 
a very curious eye. 

Some friendly Indians, who ho:u'd of the liberal terms 
of the invitation, came to join in the frolic and fun. Two 



ol" liiem got drunk and became vcrv obstreperous. The 
pioneer had them l]oi::ired until tliey Avore sol)er. 

This('i]-cunistnnce ol" tlie muniior in wliich lie conducted 
himself at tlio lion^t'-wanning, though ti'ivial in itself, 
throws more light U|M)n the cliaracter of this old first set- 
tler than pages of personihed qnalities. 

1 must not omit the dark features which fu-ni the baok- 
grouixl to the {ucture. Tliere were at this frolic, in the 
capacity of servants, negroes fresh from Africa — ''new 
negroes, ■■ as tlicy were called. Suck ;i <'uriosiiy has not 
been seen in Virginia f()r many a d;;y. Col. Bonldin 
owned a large nund)er of slaves, mo<t of them ''new 
negroes." "Daddy Will"" was (Uie of tliat ckiss, and he 
had, wjiat was rare with them, a />n.<i\ Most of tiiem had 
only two holes to breathe through. " J)addy Will " re]>re- 
sented himself to be the son of a King in his own coun- 
try; he said he was taken prisoner of war in his own coun- 
try : that the choice was given him, whether he should be 
sold into slavery or sufter death: that he preferred to be 
sold: was sold and trans[iorred to Mrginia. 2Sor did he 
complain of his fate: lie seemed to think it was all right. 
"But,'" said he to liis master, "you must teed me: I fed 
m}' slaves when I had them." lie had the carriage of a 
lofty conceit of grandeur, particularly when he })ut on his 
Sunday clotlies. He would mount u[) in a large cluiir, 
which he made for himself, assuming aii-s of great dignity 
and consequent^e. li' any one chanced to take his royal 
seat, it otVended him highly. On such occasions be would 
say, "if you want to look grand you must make a. chair 
of your owji." 

"Jack," was another "new negro." Thei-e was ()ne 
thing remarkable about him — he fasled regularly on Fri- 
days; nor could he be })ersuaded not to ol)scrve that reli- 
o;ious rite. Xo one knew how lie received his rehirious 



impression. Perluips it was from some zealous Catliolic 
missionary. 

There was a great difference between tiie negroes of dif- 
ferent tribes; some wi-re eannilnils, while otlx-rs were not. 
It was with some ditlieultv that the former eonld he kept 
from eating children, even under the eyes vf the white 
peo}>le. Sometimes, as they ^^■onld ]iass l»y a young fat 
bahy, they would smaek their mouths in savage zest for a 
morsel of human flesh. 

Should this description of a house-warming fall into the 
hands of a descendant of tho l'nrit;ins of Xew England, 
he would, in all probability, raise hi< eyes in holy lun-ror 
at the idea of flogging an Indian : and especially would 
he be shocked if lie were told that tlie 'Miew negroes,"' 
who eat babies, had to be flogged, also, in order to be 
tamed. But, sons of Virginia sires, never do you ndnd 
wliat the descendants of the Puritans say. Tlie old cava- 
liers did right. Men who liad to deal ^\■ith wild Indians 
and new negroes, could not afford to indulge in a sickly 
philanthropy. They had to act according to circumstances, 
and what is proper at one time, and with one race, may 
not be so at another time, and with a diiferent race. 

See wliat the Southern whites have done for the Afri- 
cans brought here, for the most part in Xorthern vessels I 
How diiferent is the negro of the present day from a native 
African? And yet the old slaveholder is hUimed for the 
past. Jfe gets no credit, in certain quarters, for having 
tamed the "new negroes,'' nor for having Christianized 
and civilized them. 

I will now salimit to the insiiection of the in<|uisitive 
reader, a very suggestive little piece of [)aper: 

".SV/-, — You are to pay out of the depositum to NTajor 
Bouldin, the luiilder of Ifough Creelc church, the sum of 
sixty potmds, on his flnishing the same. It has been viewed 
and api>rove<l of, and can't need a vestiy to direct the same. 



14 

Therefore, please pay Ijirii that sum, and this sliall he your 
indemnity at making up your accounts with the vestry. 
Yours, kc, 

Paul Carrinoton, 

C. TiEAl), 

C. Wardens. 

7o Mr. Jos. Speed, CUJeclor of ConucalJ Parish, October 
17,1709." 

It thus ajipcars that Thos. Bouhlin huiU the first church, 
wliere the liough Creek, church now stands, and Paul 
Carrington and Clem't Head were othcers. 

The Church of England had heen established from the 
beginning in Virginia. As fast as the country became 
settled, it was laid off in parishes, and every parish had a 
parson, who was furnished with a glebe and house, and 
his salary wiis raised by a levy of taxes upon all the in- 
habitants. There were four churches in Charlotte county, 
namely : Sandy Creek, Kough Creek, Eoanoke and Ash 
Camp. At the time that the foregoing order was written, 
the dissenters were rpiite luimerous and very active. 
Twenty years before, Governor Gooch nuidc a speech to 
the grand jury of the general court in opposition to the 
Presbyterians, Methodists, and otlier. denominations of 
Christians who were gaining ground in Virginia. Many 
ministers of the estal^lishment had l>cen forced to abandon 
their churches in Charlotte, which greatly disturbed these 
zealous old churchmen, Col. Read and Col. J,>ouldin, who 
lield frecjuent consultations as to what was best to be done. 
One day Col. Pouldin remarked to Col. Head: "I know a 
man who can stand them (the dissenters), J'arson John.ston 
is the man." 

They were determined old men. They loved their 
Churcli. This was perhaps the .-strongest sentiment in 
their brea>ts,. and they had no idea of giving it up with- 
out a struggle. It was agreed to send for l*ai-son dohnston. 



15 

Col. BouMin luul known liim in Maryland before lie enii- 
£?rated to Charlotte, and he eould vonch. for his ability 
and fitness. So he hitched up two four-horse wai^ons, 
his son driving one and old TTarry, a eolorod nuni, the 
other, ayd started to Afaryland. 

After a long and toilsome journey of many hundred 
miles over the rugged roads of a new eonntry, tfie wag(^ns 
returnerl and landed the parson, his wW'r and childi-eti in 
Col. Bouldin's yard. A picture of the C)ld parson and 
his fomiiy getting out of a ibur-horse v/agon, and of their 
baggage wagon, containing everything they brought with 
them, would l)e highly inteivsting to us ol' our day. 

Few men of any ciuirch have given more ample testi- 
mony of their zeal an<l fidelity to the cause. 

Tlie eld parson had some stoui work with tlie dissenters, 
but, we are informed, that he "stood them.'" Jle said: 
"I know when I have a good parish, if they don't know 
when they have a good parson."' 

Parson Johnston remained at his post a long time. Jle 
fought a good tight, but at last was forced to surrender to 
tlie overwhelming forces of the disscnti'rs. Ife was 
doomed, moreover, to witness what was to him a heart- 
rending spectacle — some of his daughteis captured bv 
the dissenters. When he iirst heard of it, addressing 
liimself to the son of the old pioneer. Col. Thos, Bouldin; 
" \\^Jod,"" said he, '"they have my chihl, ami I ex[tect they 
will get my wife."' And the big tears rolled down his 
manly cheeks. 

Patil Carrington, whose name is signed to the foregoinic 
])aper, went to Luneid)urg (now Charlotte) a lad of six- 
teen or seventeen years. He was employed by Col. ]\ead 
as de})Uty-clerk, but in a fcAV years he began the |>ractice 
of law, in whicli ho was eminently successful. In the 
course of time lie )nari-icd a daughter of the old clerk, 
and we find him and his father-iu-law working" to<'-ether 



16 

{'or the iTooilof llio oshiMishod Clnircli. I'aii! Cari-i nylon 
\\a> a man of aMlitv and Irarninu", of icroat lirninoss and 
intey-rlty. lio \va> a distinguislicd cilixL'n, and on*.', whose 
meniorv the State of \'irghiia may proudly elierish. He 
fdlod many hiii'h })Of;itions in liis day. For many years 
he \va^ a mem])ri' of tlie llonse of liurgesse.s; was a mem- 
ber of tlie A-^irginia Convention of 1776, and tinally rose 
to a seat n]ion tlie Court of Appeals. 

^Vhat a eliange has taken ]tUue sineethc old churelimen 
signtMl the foregoing order. Tlie weathcr-l)caten boards 
and the moss-eovered shingles of the old chnreh were re- 
moved, the foundation was undermined, and the wliole 
fabric was In'onght to ruins, and upon its ruins was 
ereetcd a new structure. The old glebe laud was sold, 
and after a long and obstinate re^i^^tauce, the old parson 
was deprived of his living and anew order of things was 
established. A stream of religious liberty was rising, 
and it rose higher and higher, until it swept every vestige 
of the old establishmen.t away, and ended in perfect ro- 
liifious freedom. 



CHAl'TER 111. 

AX Ari'UlNTMENT SK^NKI' KY OOV. FAUQUIKR MARRIAOK 

LICENSE ORDER TO PAY TOBACCO ADVERTISE^MENT TO 

SELL POOR PERSONS <n-^ CORNWALL PARL^^H. 



The iollowiiiL-: old comtaission, signed by P'raii. Fau- 
quier, uiuy ]}•' a matter of eiiriosity to the reader: 
" Francis Fau.jui.M-, F.-ij., IHs Majesty's Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor and C\)nnnander-iu-'diief of the CohDny and Do- 
minion of Virginia, 
'•To Thu.mas ]ioiLT)JN, Es(j.: 

Bv virtue of the power and authority to me given, as 
Couimander-i!i-<-hief of the Cohony, 1 do here])y constitute 
and ap}ioint yt)U. the said Thomas Boukhn, to be shei'itf 
of the countv of Lunetdmrg, during pleasure: and tliat 
vou be aeeordiuii-ly sworn as soon as eonvenieiuly may be; 
and bef )ie vou are sworn or admitted into the said otfiee, 
yon are to' eiOer into b(.nd i»efore His Majesty's justices 
of tlie said eounty. with two or more goo<i and sutHeieni 
sureties, in the sum of one thousan<l p(->unds. current^ 
money, to i-ender to the auihtor and reeeiver-geuerid of 
His >hijesty"s revenue; a particular, perfect, aiul true 
account of ilis .Nfajesty's rents and dues, arising within 
the said county, unto the several }«ersous to whom the 
same shall be due and payable: and true [.erformance to 
make of all matters and things relating to your otlice dur- 
inii- vour continuance therein. And T hereby command 
alfliis Majesty's .-\d»jects inliabiting the said county, and 
others actually tliere, to be aiding and assisting you, the 
said Thos. Bouldin, as sheritf of the county aforesaid, in 
all things belonging to your othce of sheriir'. 

" GivX'U under my hand and seal of the Colony, at Wil- 
liahisb'iivf, the seveiUh day of July, in tlie thirty-third year 
of His Majestv's reign, Anno>jm Dom'ud 17o9. 

Fran. Fauquier." 



18 

Among tlie old papers is found the following marriage 
certificate, which is in striking contrast with the marriage 
certificate of modern limes: 

LuxEXUUKG County, viz.: 

AVhereas thei-o is a man'iage suddenly intended to be 
solemnized bet\Aeen Elisha Faris mul Mary A'aughn (spin- 
ster), of the county aforesaid. I do hereby certity that 
Tliomas A^augliu, fiilhei- of the said Mary, signify'd his 
consent to the said intended marriage, and, ;a the same 
tijne, the said Elisha Faris, with Jno.X'aughn, his security, 
entered into bor.d, in my office, in fifty pounds, current 
money, payable to the King, v.dili condition that ihere is 
no lawful/ ctiuse to oljstruet the said marriage. 

Given nnder my liand this first day of April. 1765. 

Sam Comjs. 

•' 7o .J(iiiir,< li'i.nf. Gdit.^ /irsf /t/st(i-i in fhf Cijiiniiissiin'! of the 
peace of fhr r-ou,if>/ uforesaiit'' 

Let us pat our hands again into tlie (Jld Trunk and see 
what valuable memento of the past we shall draw next. 

Decendjcr 12, 1706. 
Pay to Mr. Tlioinas J)Ouldin two hundi'ed })Ounds of 
tobaeco, and charge the same to Your ob"t servant, 

Sam'l Cocbs. 
To Mr. Xafh. Hunt. 

This brings to our minds a portion of the early history 
of Virginia, \\ hen the gardens and public squares of 
Williamsburg were planted in tobacco. " The weed "" 
which has since becv)me so po[>ular in every (juarter of 
the globe, uas first discovere<l in AuLei'ica, and earried 
into Europe by Sir Franeis J)r:d<e, about the year loGO, 
and Sir Walter Ealeigh is said to have been tlie first 
Englishman who learned to smoke. It is related of him, 
that one day, while he was smoking in his i-oom the ser- 
vant girl canu.' in, and seeing the smoke coming out of 
his mouth and nose, she took it into her head that he was 
on fire and dashed a whole pitcher o( water upon him. 



19 

Col. Byrd, in liis history of tlio dividing line, , relates 
the following : 

" Those tirst adventurers made a vciy profitable voyage, 
raising at least a thousand per cent upon their cargo. 
Amongst other Indian commodities, they brought over 
some of that bewitching vegetable, tobacco, and this 
being tlic fii'st that ever came to England, Sir Walter 
thought he could do no less than make a present of some 
of the brightest of it to his royal mistress for her own 
smoking. The queen graciously accepted of it, but find- 
ing her stomach sicken after two or three wliifl's, it Avas 
presently whispered by the Earl of J^ticest^'r faction that 
Sir Walter had certainly poisoned her. But, her majesty 
soon recovering her disorder, o'nliged the Countess of Not- 
tingham and all lier nuiids to smoke a whole pipe out 
amongst them," 

It was after the unsuccessful eftbrt to make money l)y 
the exportation of soap, ashes and tar, that our forefathers 
commenced the cultivation of tobacco. In a short time 
it became the oltject of almost universal desire and it was 
used to a great extent as the circulating nu-diuni of the 
Colony, which tact explains the above order for two 
hundred pounds of that precious article. 

At the time that tlie above order was given, tobacco 
was made from James river as far back as tla^. settlements 
extended. It was put up in hogsheads and roUed from 
the farms to deep water, where the English vessels re- 
ceived it. One of the shi[)])ing places was at a landi)ig 
now known as Clart-mont, which is mi<hvay between 
Norfolk and liichniond. 

Tlow rapidly the culti\'ation and use of tobacco lias 
spread over the world since it was tirst discovered in 
America. The area cultivated in the United States in 1886 
i,s put at 75:^,720 acres, yielding 502,730,000 pounds, 
valued at §43,205,568. 



20 

Tliere was no sucli tljiiiy as a inamifactorv of toi)accd 
ill lliis conntrv in 170^. Now t]\e value of niaiiufactured 
tobacco ill tlie United States is otimateil at -SI 17,000,000. 
Tlie annual jiroductof the world is 1.1^00,000,000 ]K)nnds. 

Ihit how came the little piece of ]^aper, which forms my 
text, to he })roseived? \Vv will place it hack among its 
ancient conijianions. ]'erha}'S. and at some tntnre time, 
long aftei- the v.riter has crossed tla- shadowy sea, some 
curions iiKpiiivi- into tlie past may dive down deep beneath 
the records of later years to the bott.>m of the Old Trunk 
and resurrect it again. 

IJere is another little jiiece of ]iaper which was pre- 
served in the (Jhl Trunk : 

"•ADVERTISHMEXT. 

"At Charlotte Courtdiouse, on Saturday, the 12th this 
month, will he let to tlie lowest bidder, the maintenance 
for 12 momhs of Susanna Philby, William Gothard, 

Monday and Jno. Upcott, poor pei-sons in the parish of 

Cornwall. By order of the Vestry. 

Clem't Head, 
P. Carrington, 

a. w.s. 

December 7, 1767.'" 

The above advertisement is a very suggestive memorial 
of tlie past. Poor persons put up to the lowest bidder I 
Hard lot indeed I Xo such proceedings in Virginia now, 
" By order of the Vestry.'' That reminds us of the old 
established (•hurch. No such power is vested in the chureli 
of to-day. AH that has passed away. 

Eighteen years after the foregoing advertisement was 
posted up, an act was pas.sed establishing perfect religions 
freedom, which cnislKnl tlie Church of our foreJathers, and 
never afterwards were the poor people of the parish put 
np at anction to tlie lowest bidder. 



21 



But who were thoj^e "poor per-soiis of the piin>^]i of 
Cornwall?" Alas! Tlioy arc forgotten. It is to be hoitvd 
that when they "shuttled off this niorlal coil,"" thev 
entered upon a brighter and happiei- career: for. in tliis 
world, they seemed to have drunk tlie very dregs ot life. 



LORD DUNMORE — THE OLD DOMTXION THE CAVALIERS. 



]jOt US }iiit ciur liaiuls again into the ()Id Trunk, and see 
what other memento of the past it contains. 

Ifere is a slip of paper upoii wliich is })rinted in large 
type the following: 

"John, Earl of ])anrnore; Viscount Fineastle; Baron 
Murray of Blair, of Monlin and of Tillmet; Lieutenant 
and Governor-General of his Majesty's Colony and 
])ominion of Virginia, and A^ice-Adrniral of the same, 

"To Thomas Bouldin, Esq. : 

"]:>y ^•irtue of the po\\'er and authority to me given, as 
his Majesty's Lieutenant and Governor-General and Com- 
mander-in-chief in and over this Colony and Dominion of 
Virginia, A\'ith full power and authority to appoint all ofl^i- 
cers, both civil and military, within the same, I, reposing 
especial trust in your loyalty, courage, and good conduct, 
do, by these presents, appoint you, the said Thomas Boul- 
din, Lieutenant-Colonel of the militia of Charlotte, \^'hereof 
Paul Carrington, Esi[., is Lieutenant and Chief-com- 
mander: Vou are, therefore, to act as Lieut.-Colonel, by 
duly exercising the otlicers and soldiers under your com- 
mand, taking particular care that they be provided with 
arms and ammunition, as the laws of the Colony direct; 
and you are to observe and follow such orders and direc- 
tions, from time to time, as yon shall receive from me, or 
any other of your superior otiieers, according to the rules 
and discipline of war, in pursuance of the trust re]'Osed 
iu you. 

"Given at Williamsburg, under my hand and the seal 

of the Colony this 10th day of April, and in the year 

of his Majesty's reign, Annoque Domini 1773. 

* DrXMORE." 



How does ibis Ion;;" array ul" titk\s bOund in Ivepublicaii 
ears? Uow does it contrast with AVilliaui Sniitli, (Governor 
of Virginia'.'' 

Dunmore was the hist of the Colonial (iovci'nors. Every 
one remembers how he removed the o-mipowder from the 
magazine at Williainsburg to a man-of-war anchored off 
Yorktowii — liow the ])Ctiple of AVilliamsbiirg tlew to arms 
and eame near seizing the person of tlie gpx'ernor liimsell'. 
W.hen he put his name to the foregoing commission he 
had only been in the (.V»lony one year. 

Tile post of (rovernorof the Colony of X'irginia, was, at 
that time, by no means free from ditheulties. Dunmore 
found this out as soon as he arrived. The veiw iirst legis- 
lature that met gave him a severe lecture on his disregard 
of the laws which protect the liberty of the citizen. Mr- 
ginia had become an almost independent .State. 

There had been a long and bitter contest Ijetween the 
colonists and the mother country. In Virginia it was not 
a struggle for a change of the Ibrm of government. Thev 
did not quarrel because they 'were living under a mouar- 
chj". Unlike the settlers of the Xe^^ JMiglaud States, thev 
cherished the laws of old England, and loved the consti- 
tution of the mother country. Afrer the death of King- 
Charles L, and the installation of Oliver Cromwall as Pro- 
tector, the Colotiy of Virginia refused to acknowledge his 
authority. During the whole struggle between Charles T. 
and the Parliament, the Virginians were tirm on the side 
of their king. Alter the king was beheaded, they aeknowl- 
edged the authority of the fugitive prince, and actuallv 
continued the provisiomd government, undei- a commis- 
sion which he scut to Sir William Berkeley from hi.v retreat 
at Breda, and it is a well-estabHshed fact that Cliarles If. 
was proclaimed king in Virginia before he \\as in England 
The fidelity, of Alrginia to the erown, it has been said, 
^ gave her the honored title of the " (Jld J)ondnion." But 



24 

Virginia, from its settlement, was tormcJ Old Virginia, 
and soon, Old J_)ominion, cortaiiily bclbru the reign of 
Charles H. 

The iirst settlers of the "■ Old Dominion " were Cavalier- 
English. Their coninieree was direct with England. The 
Church of England was endeared to them b\' a thousand 
memories which ci)uld never bo elfaced. Their I'orefathers 
ha<l fought and died lor it. They felt ibr its usages the 
tendcrest regard, and introduced into this wilderness the 
forms of theii- bchived establishment. The youth were 
educated i)y teachers brought from the mother country. 
All the habits and customs of the early settlers of Vir- 
ginia were Cavalier-English. Tiiey indidged in all the 
amusements, aixi it '.aust be admitted, cicr^, too, of 
" ^ferric England."" lUn above all they were distinguished 
for their liigh sense of honor and chivalrous bearing. 
The old cavalier had his faults, but they were not the 
faults of the Puritans who settled Xew England. He was 
fond of horse i-acing and card playing, and, was })erhaps 
too convivial in his habits, but no'-lUue Lav/s "' were en- 
acted in Virginia. 

AVe repeat, \"irginia did not furnish an instance of a 
peoi)le trying to throw otf a government because it no 
longer suited them, but of a people determined to do it, 
because the rights and privileges of tlie government were 
denied to them. 

While Dunmore was (Governor, athiii's \Nere brought to 
a crisis. He was force(l to leave his royal palaee, and 
takerefu'je on board a shij) anchoi\-(l (^if "\'orktoAvn. Jle 
refused up')n iu\itation of the Assembly to return to his 
palace, or to sign bills ot" the utmost importanee to the 
Colony, and refused to perform this branch of duty, un- 
less the As.-embly would hold their nn-etings under the 
guns of liis ship. The (lovernor was therefore declared 
to have abdicated. Delegates were then appointed to 



meet ill Ivichiiioiid to organize a ])r()visioiial [ov\n of gov- 
ei'iinieut ami a jilaii of defeiu;e. Upon tlie coniniittoc of 
^uf(j ty, among niaiiy distinguished citizens of Virginia, wa.s 
l*aul Carringtoii, of Charlotte, the same wlio isiiieiitioned 
in the foregoing document as chief commander of the 
militia of that county. 

'J'hcse retlections were suggested hy reading the fore- 
going commission, sigtieil Ity tlie last Colonial (Tovernor of 
Virginia. It is a [>rinted lorm, \vith blanks left for names 
of parties Dnnmore v.-rites a bold hand. IJis letters 
are as large as capitals, 

TJiis old doeument is so tattered and torn, and the ink 
so pale that it can scarcely be read, but \vc pore over it 
with the interest of the explorer in the Holy Land. 
Indeed the contents of the Old Trunk are mementoes of 
the past, which have been dug up, as it were, from the 
stream of dumb forgetfulness; and fortune has been as 
capricious in her dealings with them as she is with indi- 
viduals. Now, we draw from the Old Trunk a paper so 
dimmed by age as to be scarcely legible; presently we 
come across another of greater antiquity, with every 
word as plain as when it was written. vSo, to-day, we 
meet v/ith a young man wh»>se frame has l)een wrceked 
upon the shoals of time; to-morrow \vith an old num who 
retains the vigor and buoyancy of youth. Here is a 
fenude just verging u})on womanhood, from whose cheeks 
the rose has faded and gone ; there is another, the mother 
of a numerous olls}>ritig, who is lieautiful to the last. 



ClIAl'TKll V. 

LETTER FKUM A rETEUSBUlU! MERCHANT, DATED 1777 

LETTER FROM A MERCHANT IN GLAS<!<)W To A PLANTER IN 
LUNENDURG, DATED 17Ul — CAi'T. SINCEAIR. 



Who is Uki'o Unit, ii" lie eamo iicross ii wry old Innulh' 
of papers, would not feel ;<ome rurio.sity to look ovci' tliL-ni, 
and see who wrote titein, Low they were written, and 
what thoy were about? In the bundle bel'ore nie, handed 
down from generation to generation, containing a variety 
of letters and documents relating to men and things of 
colonial days, we find ma.ny mementos which suggest in- 
teresting reflections ; but its contents should be read when 
the bustle and business of the day are over, in the quiet 
night, when rlie imagination is at liberty to I'oani at large 
over the regions of the past. 

Wc have before us a letter, written in a beautiful, snudl 
hand, one hundi-ed and eleven years ago. It reads as 
follows : 

" I'etersruru, 15th May, 1777. 
" Sir : 

"Doc/. Chirk, at your request, has nuide inquiry 
of mo about the sloop Swallow. She has come in, but 
brought no cargo of any value. A great jnirt of her 
cargo — tobo. — remained unsold. However, I luive pro- 
cured you some salt (G bushels), which you may have on 
application. I informed you when I was u}) Xinas that I 
had sold my part of the vessel and cargo before slu^ went 
out, and you told me you did not want the mojiey for your 
2 ]ihds. I therefore proeured 2 hlids. of equal weight for 
you, tlie notes of which you may have when you ])lcase. 



27 

Pray send inc the money for, and on Jiccouiitof, tlio quan- 
tity of iron you have sold for me, after deducting a rea- 
sonable allowanee for your trouble in selling it. 
I am, sir, 

Your mo. ob. serv't, 

ClIK. i\[cC0NNIC0." 

Tliis letter is directed to " Col. Thomas Bouldin, in 
Charlotte, by Doc^. Wm, Clark." 

The next is a letter one hundred and t^Yenty-seven 
years old : 

Glas<jo\v, 12tl! Sept., 1701. 
" Sir : 

" Thi.-< will be delivered you by Capt. Sinclair, of 
our ship Friendshiji, wliom we haA'e directed to load in 
James river to our address, and sliall be muclj obliged by 
your assistance towards his dispatch. We propose to be 
fixed in London a few weeks hence, ^vhcre we shall be 
ready to render you any service in our po\\'er, an<l do our 
utmost for your interest, either in the sale of what you 
may be pleased to consign us or in purchasing the goods 
you order, or any other transaction 3'ou entrust to our 
care. Should the tol)acco you ship prove of good quality 
and come early to market, ^\■e make no doubt, from the 
present scarcity of good tobacco in London, but v\'e shall 
i)e aide to render satisfactory accounts, and as we jiropose 
(if wc iliul proper encouragement) to have a ship in your 
river every s})ring and fall, you may de[tend on having 
your goods ship,' you punctually twice a year, and deliv- 
ered at such landing as you shall direct. We liave often 
observed tobacco of good quality much injured It}" press- 
ing, owing to its being packed in too high case, v/hich we 
could wish our friends would avoi<l; as it reiulei's it utterly 
uniit for any manufacturer in Britain. 

You'll please give your orders in time for what in- 
.surance you would choose nuide on your tobacco and with 
the ctrder for your goods, which wo shall punctually com- 
ply with, and arc, with sincere regards, sirs, 

Your very o])'t servants, 

Hugh Miller .t Co." 



28 

The letter is addressed on the back "To Tliomas 
Bouldiii, Lunenburg county, Virginia, to the care of W. 
H. Wade." This paper is unruled and sealed with the 
old-Aishioned red wafer. Envelopes Avere not in use at the 
time. 

We are reminded by these letters of hou' commerce was 
conducted in tliose days. While Xew England liad ves- 
sels of her own and was trading in all parts of the world, 
the A'irginia colonists paid but little attention to com- 
merce. The foregoing letter re]ircscnts an English sliip 
in the James and its captain getting up a cargo of freight. 
The vessel was to tran.sjtort the tobacco across the waters 
and bring back everytliing needed in the colony — every 
article of conifort or luxury, besides [>reachcrs, teachers, 
books and blooded horses. Again, utdike the inhab- 
itants of Xew England, they called Old England their 
home. AjuI as the churchman brought with him the 
habits, feelings and sentiments of the Cavalier, so the 
early settlors of Xew England brought with them the 
tone of the Puritan. There were instances of the former 
going directly to the Xorth, but a great majority of tliose 
who emigrated to Amei-ica came to Virginia. 

The fact that the Cavaliers settled Virginia and the 
descendants of the Puritans settled Xew England, ac- 
counts in a measure for the difference between aA'irginian 
and a Xew Englander of the present day. 

" Hugh Miller v^- Co. ! " Can the oldest inhal.ilant tell 
anytliing about that old Scotch llrm which ilid business in 
Glasgow and had customers in Lunenburg ? 

And who was W. IL Wade? Where are his descen- 
dants? Alas! in this wide world, they may be scattered 
over a dozen States and all be as ignorant of the graves 
of their ancestors as tlie remnant of the tribe of S:uiro 
Indians are of theirs whosleej) u})On the banks of the Dan. 



The Capt. Sinclair mcnlionod in tlic lottor, or it may ho. 
a son of liis, scltlod on James river near tlie ]. resent town 
of Claremont, and all the family of that name, no donht, 
are derived from him. Capt. Arthnr ^'inelair, of the 
United States Navy, whc^ died in Norfolk, doubtless was 
one of them, lie distinguished himself in the war of 
1S12 hy his gallantry, and married a Miss ]\ennon, molhc'r 
of the lati' Col. Erasmus Kuimon, of Mc-ekliMihurg- (-(Uinty, 
Va., and mother of Afr. Arthur Sinclair, who heeame 
commodore in the ITnited States Xavy l>et'ore he died. 
Conmiodore SineUiir left two daughters — one of whom 
was married to Dr. Conway A^'hitt]e; the other to Mi-. 
Wm. C. Whittle, a captain in the United States Navy and 
Cinnmodore in the Confetlerale States Navv. 



CHAPTER VI. 
A i!FFr<;i;E to ciiaklotte filom the lower COnXTllY IN 

177;} — \ MIXED SOIiUOL HKOKEN IP — INTERESTING ANEC- 
DOTES AND INCIDENTS OF. COLONIAL Tl.MES. 



I hiivc previously stated that inv graiulinotliGr lived to 
be iiine!_v-three years of aL':e, and as it was from lier that 
iiiv aunt received many of the traditions wliich slic lianded 
down to Die, I \\'!ll give my readers a short fragment of 
her liistory. 

Her given name was Joanna, and she was Iho (hiugliter 
of dohn Tyler, of Willianishuig-, and aunt of P]x-I'resident 
Tyler. After the death of her father, the war of the licvo- 
lution ha\iiig been brewing for some time, she came to 
Charh>lte, as a I'etugee iVuni th':' lower country, to remain 
with her brother, Louis 'i yler, who then resided at Red 
Hill, where I'atriek Henry is buried. Tliat beautiful and 
valuable place is now owned by Mr. AV. W. ITenij, tlie 
grandson oi' the great orator of the Kevolution. Louis 
Tyler went in pei-son to \Vi]liamsl)urg f )r his sister, and, 
being a lawyer in f'dl pra^'tiee, lu- ma<le extra exertions to 
be at Charlotte ("oui't. When he ai'rived at theAillagehe 
placed his sisti-r at the tavern ^vilile he was eiiLiaged in 
transacting liis bii-^iness in the courtdiouse. 

As goon as the young lady made her appearance, the 
ctKiuiry was made in the crowd, ''Who is she?" and 
" Where did she come from?" 

"1 don't know, but from Old A\'iHi;tinsbuig, I siippose," 
responded Col. Thomas ]>ouldin. 



31 

Ilor polished iiiiuiiicis iiiul rasliioimhlc divs.s iiuuiu him 
think so, ibr V»'^illiiiiiishurg \v;i.s at that time the seat ot 
leaniing iii the CuKuiv, and livah'd the Court of St. James 
in reiinouieut and fasliion. Tlie i;Teat [»arade which had 
been made over Jjord ]_)anmo!-e's arrival lel't an indeli- 
ble impression upon the mind of Miss T^ler, and siie enter- 
tained tlio ladies of h*'r new ae(iauintanee with some very 
ag-reeable gossip euneernin.ii- the eeiuhrated ball whit-li was 
given to his lordship b}' the eitizens of A\'iHiamsburg. 

dust here, it \L\i\y interest my ivaders to tell tljem oj" a 
great frost, wliieh my gi"andmoth*_'r said oeeuri-ed the vear 
she came to CUiarlotte. tShe said, that on the 4th day of 
May, 177-J, lier brotlier's family sat down to illnner with a 
tine dish of English peas on the table; but that it \\as the 
last for that season. It was distressing to the eye, she 
added, to see the vegetation all killed aji<l withere.l hv the 
untimely frost. 

Her brotlier having died while the Uevolution ^vas in 
progress, she did not ibel safe to return to the lower coun- 
try, but accepted the invitation of Isaac iJead, soji of 
Clement Read, to spend the time at his hospitable hmise 
until the storm passed over. Tiiere she met with Maj. Wood 
Bouldin, who was then a recruiting ollicer, and was mar- 
ried to Id m, 1 'arson Jolsnston performiii^- the ceremon\-. 
In live days afterwards Maj. llouldin left his hi-ide for the 
war. 

On the loth (kiy of January, lv^'4o, ATrs. Joanna lioul- 
diu departed this life. At'ter remaining sixty-eight years 
on the same })lace, fort\'-fi\'e (.)f which she w;is a wido^\■, 
she was buried with her husband and his father and 
mother. 

I have [.reviously stated, that as my great-grandmother, 
the wife of the old pioneer, was coming down the Cliesa- 
peake Bay, on her way from Maryland to her new home, 



32 

she gave liirtli to a son. Tli;it son's name was Iviehartl, 
and when llie announcement of liis hu'tli was made, a 
shout went up iVom all the crew: "A soldier is born to 
his Majesty;" and wines and cordials Avore sent to cheer 
the heart of the heroic mother. 

That f on used wickedly to say: "By G — d! I was not 
born in any country — I \\'as hoi'n on (lie Chcsoi>eokc Bay.'' 
And in truth, he seemed to feel somethiuLi; of the lawless 
spirit oi' the Corsair upon his ocean home, unrestrained by 
the laws of any clime. 

A cliaracteristic anecdote is told of liim, whicli we will 
repeat for the entertaininent of the reader: 

About ten years Ix'f )re the Ivevolution of 177<'), in the 
county of Cliarlotte, in the vicinity of old lioanoke church, 
there was a certain school for white cliildren, wliere a free 
negro was taught with the othei' scholars. The rising gen- 
eration must bear in mind, that while those were days of 
slavery there were a few colored people who enjoyed many 
of the privileges of treedom. Jjut then, as now, and ever 
will be, soeial cjualit}- ^vas lookec] upon \vith horror. 

Complaint that a negro boy was attending the above- 
mentioned school was made to Major Wood J'>ouldin. 

"^N'ever mind,"* said he, "J.)ick will put that matter 
straight." 

Sure enough, r>!ie morning, ])iek, without saying a 
word to anyoT)e, blew his Ikm-u an<l his dogs an.-wcred to 
the call. Otf he started to the >c-hool-house. AVhen he 
arriveil at his point of destination, he dismounted from 
his liorse, hi-^ (V^-x^ following him, went into the school- 
room, took the obnoxious imlividual by the collar and 
preci]iitate<l him out of doors. 

That s<'hool-nuister letl for]»arts unkncnvn. 

Sneh was the feeling at thai time against any a[>proacli 
toward negro equality. All the State laws were wisely 



83 

constructed so us to favor tlie pretensions of tlie white 
racL' to superiority luid supremacy. 

All the artiticial props have been violently kncx-ked 
lYoiu under the white nuin, we shall see if tliere be not a 
natural barrier to ^0(-•ial equality, grounded in the luitnre 
of man, and more iinpregnal.>le tlian the forts of Gil>rahar. 

Ivummagin.i:" over tiie })apers of the Old Trunk, I chanced 
to stumble o\'er the iu\nie of Jos. Lankford, and turninir 
to my inter})reter, I imjiiired who was lie. She tohl me 
that lie settled ;U wh.'A is now knoAN'u as Coles Ferry, on 
the i^tauntun, in Charlotte county, in 1771, and that he, to 
use an old Knu-lish }>lirase, spent his fortune " like a 
gentleman and a man of honor.'' 

An anmsing anecdote is tohl of tliis old man of 
jovial habits of the olden time, which will no doubt 
interest some of my readers, and })erehance it may strike 
a chain of association, waking up some long lost treasure. 

Mr. Lankford, we are informed, built his house as he 
conceived, above higli water mark, nor could all the per- 
suasions of the ex[)ei'ienced ferryman living at the place, 
induce him to select a siglit one foot higher. Nothing 
which he was told of former high-water marks, made 
from time to time, could induce him to believe that the 
river would ever sliake the tirm ibundations of his house. 
lie turned a deaf ear to the warning voice of the experi- 
enced ferrynum, and he did it to his sorrow. 

He had not been at his new home mauv years l)eforc 
the iStaunton, c)n a memoralde occasion, began to roll down 
an angry volume of ^\■ater fi-om the melting snow on the 
surrounding hilU and the moutitainsaway beyond. It soon 
covered the river bottoms and began to inch upon the 
seconds, but Lankford enjoyed his peace of mind, and 
what was more, his punch. He sat in the door and took 
his drinks, and viewed without alarm tlje rising iloods. 



Ill tbi:^ state of lluK-iod yc.-urity lie remained, altliougli 
lie saw tlie water (wzing tlirouuli the enieks of the Hour. 
The kind and thoughU'ul terr^inan \\ci\t ju'oinptly to the 
relief of tlie distressed fainiiy. He ottered them ji safe 
jiassage to shore in liis little canoe, which tliey aecejited 
and joyfully embarked tbr laud. lUit the incredulous 
licad of the ianiil}- refused to go one st<'i> with his wife 
and cbildrm. In the nn'anlime the .-WL'HiiiL;- tide rose 
higher and higher. It went gushing through the doors 
and Avindows, swee|iing ew-iytbing betbre it. Among 
otlier things, hen hou.-es were seen tloating down the 
stream and the cocks crowing as they went along. 

The ferryman again launched his canoe to remonstrate 
with the drowning man. This time he found him sitting 
in the u}>-stairs window mixing his punch with the water 
from the river. 

"Well, Joe, are you ready to go now," iutjuired the 
kind lieiivted and }»at!ent ferryman y 

" Yes," he replied; ■'] didn't know the d d tricks 

of the river."' 

We warrant the old felhuv never built afterwards where 
an experienced ferryman advised him not to. 

The following little incident carries us l)ack more than 
a hundred years, and convoys to our minds a lively picture 
of the state of religious feeling in colonial times: 

While the people genei'ally were preparing lo throw otf 
tlie British yoke, and with it the Established Ciiurch. there 
were some who never Ibrsook the Church of their fore- 
fathers, and Mrs. Joanna Bouldin was one of them. 

There was a wag in the neighborhood by the name of 
Jarrold Sullivant, who on one occasion attended a revival 
of religion conducted by the dissenters. The greatest 
excitement prevailed, and in the midst of it he jumped 
up, cla]>ped his hands, and turning to his wife, exclaimed; 



"I am a cliaDgcd man; it hasn't been five minutes since 
I tliouglit Mrs. Ward tlie d — st Ibol in the country." 

" You see there what the Lord can do," said Mrs. Spen- 
cer (a zealous dissenter) to Mrs. Bouldin. 

"And 3'ou"ll see wJiatJarrold eaii do," was tlie tart reply. 

It was g-encndly helieved that Ijc took that method of 
saying wliat he really thouglit C'f Mrs. Ward. 

I will now relate an incident which occurred at the resi- 
doice of Louis Tyler, which throws some light u}ion the 
institnliciis of colonial times. Our ancestors had tqij^ren- 
ticcd while servants, as well as colored slaves, in those 
days. Some of them were crinnnals sent over to the Colony 
to expiate their crimes, but others were good honest peo- 
ple, ^\•ho, having no means to pay for their passage over 
to America, were sold for that purpose to \vealthy planters. 
Isaac liead, son of Col. Clement Read, bought two of these 
servants; Louis Tyler one, whose name was Milly Collins, 
an upright woman, and of great fidelity. Serving her 
time without a murmer, tnit anxiously awaiting the expi- 
ration of her IcDu of bondage, she calculated the very 
liour when she was to be free. 

Oiu' iiiglit, as Mrs. Tyler was preparing to retire to l)eil, 
she, as usual, rerpiested MiI1y to pull off her stockings. 
" Evei'ybddj- pulls otf their own stc^ckings to-night," was 
lier reply. 

I'ri'tty bold for her! lUit the hour of her deliverance 
had come, and she meant to assert her right that very 
instimt, ;ind her inde[>enilent spirit will be admired by all 
\v\io nuiy chance to read the pages of this Utile narrative. 

'I'lie following anecdote comes to me through the same 
channel which conveyed to me all the tratlitions in the Old 
Trunk: 

"Ahidam liead," as slie \\as called, the widow of (■ol. 
Clement Read, was regular in calling up the family (black 



86 

find white) to prayers, and as she wonld read corlain com- 
inandnients from tlie book, "Old lietl}' Gall," a iivvoritc 
colored servant, invariably seated lierself by tlie coiiec-pot. 
It was her business to nurse it, and to have it stroug- for 
breakfast. When lier mistress t,^ot to lliis part, "Lord, 
have mercy on us, and ineliuo our hearts to kee[i this law," 
she would i-c})uat it, emphasizing:; '^ (his h/ic,'' and shaking 
the cotfee-pot at the same lime, as mueh as to say, uursiiuj 
the coffee-pot was the law she had to keep. 

] will close tlie eliajitei- by i-elating what occurred (hiring 
the last illness of C'ol. liead, the man whose name is seen 
upon so many papers in the Old Ti'nnk. tlie old clerk of 
Luneid>urg, the zealous old churchman, lie was lying in 
bed, unable to get up. His wife had gone to dinner, 
leaving Mrs. Elliot, their dauglitcr, to mirse him during 
the short space of time tliat she would be absent, llis 
mind was on the disposition whicli he had made of his 
property, ami he seemed to have repented of what he had 
done. He requested liis daughter to go to tlie drawer and 
bring iiim a certain }>iece of pa[>er, deserihing it. It was 
brought to him. lie took it in his trembling hands and 
held it to his .fading sight, and having satislied himself 
that slie had found the rigid one, he commanded her to 
commit it to the tiames. 

That paper was his last will and testament, and as the 
law of primogeniture prevailed at that time, his oldest 
son Clement iidicrited the whole estate, but, being too 
generous to take it all, he diviile<l it eipially among his 
brothers. 

The merit of such men coiisistsin having hearts easily 
impressed with lil^eral sentiments and minds which ele- 
.vatcthem to the mountain top, where they catch ihe ilrst 
rays of tlie rising sun. rublic (.>pini(Mi was tending fist 
towards the al)olition of entails and iiriinogeiiiture. 



/ 



Tliose ]a\A-s would Imve Ik-c'Ii al>i>lisli(Ml iC Jcllfr^^oii Lad 
iK!\-er lived, l)Ut not so soon. lle]i:i<l llu' cajKicil}- to s(»c' 
tlie eoiiiiiig liirlit jirsl — hn( in tlie (-(.turse of time, llic sun 
would lia\'e climbed the mounlain and shown hinisell" to 
all. 

It is still in the po',voi- of every testator to leave his 
whole estate to his lirst hoi-n. I'lieold ieelinu's upon this 
snhjeet have died out. J'uldie sentiment has aded \\\M>\\ 
the laws, and the laws have in turn acted upon public 
sentiment, so tluit we scarcely ewr hear of ^-ross iucf|nality 
in the distribution of any estate. Ihit there are few old 
homesteads now, such as there were in colonial times, 
with traditions and sweet reminiscences clustering around 
them. 

If the eldest son of Col. T\ead had held on to the old 
"Bushy Forest" homestead, and if the laws of primo- 
geniture had prevailed to the present time, tlie descendants 
of the old forefather migdit be able to find his grave. 

" There on Iiis sleep of death might fricnilship pause, 
Dwell on past days and lea\c him with a sigh." 

It is "well to have sucli feelings, they fill the soul with 
pleasing melanchol}- thoughts: they allay the tumult of 
our veins. But if such feelings can only be secured at 
the CA'! tense of natural right and justice, they had better 
be sacriticcd. It is better not to be able to llnd thegi-aves 
of our forefathers, if they can only be fou)id h\ a \'isit to 
some tirst born, elevated above his brethren and taking 
to himself the wliole substance of his fatlier. 



CJIAJ'^J^KR vn. 

I'KEXCH ENCAMI'MKNT IN CirARLOTTK COUNTY mnilNG THE 
KEVOhUTION lNTEllESTIN(i IIlsTOKICAL FACTS. 



It is Tint crc'iionillv known that, <luritio-t]io revolnlioiuiry 
\v:ir wliir). sL'Voivd our connoction willi Ciroat J'.ritain, 
tliore was an l-ncanipniont of Fi-fneb soldiers in Charlotte 
county, Va. They were stationed at the court-house, and 
the lieadquarters of the t^tlieers was at Madam liead's — 
''Busliy Fur.'st,'' as it is now called. 

On one oci'asion a. deserter IVom the enemy, wlio liad 
been advertised and f )r wiiom a reward had hi.'en oifrretl, 
was hron-'ht in. When he \vas delivered up to the au- 
thorities the othcer to whom he was dehnered threw the 
gold at the person \\ho had made the arrest, sayino-.- 
" There is the priee of h.lood" 

Talking ahout tlie French Fneanipment brought to the 
mind of our intcipretcr of the Old Trunk the only time 
tliat the pi(His old pioneer of Cliarlotte, Col. Tiiotuas 
llouldin, was ever known to swear. 

Some eommissiiry stores of our army were kept in a 
l)uil(ling belonging to him. 1 [earing that the i'^rench 
v.ere breakinu" open his doors and throwing the goods into 
the road in onk r to make eomfortablc ipnirters for the 
soldiers, he Aveiit at onee to see what was going on. lie 
passed a sentinel who said something to him in French: 
but the old gentleman, remai-king that he himself knew 
nothing of the r(ile> of war, j.assed on. A soldier with 
bis axe raise»I, was in the act of ciifling dow i; the door ot' 
c>ne (^f his lion«'s. As he approached the sohher turned 



39 



around witli liio :i.\c still t'lcvatt.Ml. CuIoik-I 15., supposing,- 
lie inoaiit to tiuMi upon him, oxclainicd: '' Strikr ;i\\av, 
you d d .s('«>undrcl, you can't rob nic of many days."' 

lie said: ''It was eH0u<:;li to make a juirson swear." 

May not that oath he like Trnde Tohy's? which was 
immediatt,'!}' carried u[> to hca\cn aiul hluticd out h\- the 
tear o'i the rceortrnm" amcel as ho wi-otc it down. 

The French olliccrs took a -'i-cat fancy to Miv. doaiuia 
Bouldin, partly (Ui account of her French extract and 
partly on account of her musical talent. They u^rd ire- 
(juently to u'o to hear her ]ilay on the spinet. She had ihe 
only one at that tinn.> in the county. It was helore [)ianos 
were invented. This same old s[iinet is now in the pos- 
session of one of the member.-, of the family, preserved as 
a sacred relic of the ]>ast. The writer remembers to have 
heard her play on it when s/k: was veiy ol<l and hr was 
quite youuij^. 

Mrs. 13. said the Frencli kept u\) a ndghty cookin^M)vei- 
tlie opposite side of the I'oad. (?)ne day they cooked up a 
(piantity of muscles ami brou<j-ht her a dish. She in- 
formed them that nothing could induce her to eat one. 
TLey insisted, saying : " "Tis good, nuulam, 'tis go(,>d."" 
But the politeness of Fivuchmen even was not sutUcient 
to overcome her natural prejudice. 

She was on one occasion invited to headijuarters to par- 
take of an extra 'liniier gi\'en by theoilicers. Having ac- 
ee))ted the invitation, at the ajipointed time she was pres- 
ent, and wiicn dinner was announced she took her seat at 
tlie table. To her great horror she was a-^ked to take a 
piece of an " American pullet, better knmvu as the tur- 
key buzzar<h" I3y a great elfort of self-possession she 
managed tc> control her feelings long enough to get up 
from the talde, comitlaining c-f being sick. 



40 

The Freiieli, wo know, eat lior>OK and eats, l)ul wc liad 
not supposed tlit'V had tbo stoniaeli fur l)uzzards. It is 
said thoy prepared them ior the tahle hy Imninic them 
for some time in tlio ground. 

The conduct of the French on the occasion referred to, 
in breaking open tlie liouses wjiicli contained the com- 
missary stores, gave ollbuse to the county court. A hotter 
of com[ihaint was written and tlie sherill dii-ected to de- 
hver it to tlie comnuinding oiiicer. That oilicial express- 
ing some reluctance to go on such a mission, ]\I a jorA\"ood 
J>ouldiu ollered liis services, w hich were aeceptoiL 

When the communication was delivered at lieadijuart- 
ers, the stateuieuts contained in it were ])ronounced false. 

"They are not false," responded Major IJ., and he was 
immediately arrested and a guard placed around tlie 
house, and the whole oi' Madam liead's family coniined 
to one room. 

jMajor B., said the interpreter, was runrdng up 'and 
down stairs nearly all uight, while he stood anxiously 
awaiting their decision, dust ht-fore the dawn ol' day 
they releasfd him, when.he rode home to the great relief of 
his wife. 

The old }>eople, in after tinus, used to love to talk of 
what hap[»ened at ".Nhidam" Jiuad's when the French 
olHcers \\ere there. 

I will close this cha})t(!r 'with what very teA\- persons 
have ever seen — a patent for land granted lo'l years a<ro. 
It is a valuahle (hieunieut to show th<' ehange< wliieli have 
taken place in the laws ot' the laml. The handw rilinLi" of 
the old colonial Governoi- wiio siuued it is very distinet. 

The following is a copy of the original drcd : 

"(Jeorge the Seeond, hy the Crace of (iod of (,'reat 
TJritain, France and Ireland, Iviiig Defeiwier of the Faith, 
kc. To all to wIkuu these presents shall co]ne, greeting; 
Know ye that for divers good causes and considerations. 



41 

hut more oBpooially tor ami in consideration of the sum 
of three pounds, of" good and hiwl'ul money for our use, 
paid to our Jieceiver-General of our Revenues, in this our 
Colony and 1 )ominion of A^irginia — we have given, granted 
and coniirmed, and hy these presents for us our heirs and 
successors — do give, grant and coniirm unto Thomas 
iJouldin, one certain tract or jiiircel of land containing 
nine hundred and seventy acres, lying, and l)eing in tlie 
coujity of Lunenhurg. [Here follows a description of 
the land, v.hieh ^\■e omit.] 

With all woods, under-woods, swamps, marshes, low- 
grounds, meadovs-s. teedings, and his due share of all \'eins, 
mines and (juarrifs as wcil disc-ivered as m^t discovered 
within the hountls aioresaid, and heing part of the said 
([uantity of nine hundred and seventy acres of land and 
the rivers, waters and water courses therein contained, 
together \\ith the | )rivi I cg\'S of hunting, hawking, ilshing, 
fowling and all other proiits, commodities and heredita- 
ments, whatsoever to the same or any part thereof, he- 
longing or in any wise appertaining to have, hold, possess 
an<l ei\)oy the said tract or parcel of land, and all other 
the hcfore granted jiremises, and every part thereof, with 
their and every of their appurtenances unto the said 
Thomas l>o!jldin ami to his heirs and assigns forever, to 
the oidy use and Itehoof of him, the said Thomas Houldin. 
and to his heirs and assigns fore\-er, to he held ot us, our 
heirs and successors as of our manor of East (Jreenwicli, 
in the county of Kent in t'roi.' and common soccaire, and 
not in ca})ite oi' hy knights service yielding and j»aying 
unto us, our heirs and successors, for every tllty acres of 
land, and so ]>ro})ortioiuihly for a lesser or greater quantity 
than fifty acres, the fee rent of one shilling yearly, to he 
paid upon the feast of St. Michael, the archangel, and alst. 
cultivating and improving three acres, part of every lifly of 
the tractabovementioned, within three years after tlie <late 
of these presents, excepting for so much of the said land 
as hath heen already cultivated and improved according 
to the condition of the said former patent, provided always 
that if three years of the said fee rent shall at any time 
be in arrear and un}>aid, or if the said Thomas JJouldIn, 
liis heirs or assigns, do not within the space of three years 



42 

next coming after the date of tliese presents, cultivate 
and improve three acres, part of every fifty of the tract 
ahove mentioned, except as is before excepted; then the 
estate hereby i,n-anted shall ceaseand he utterly determined, 
and iierealler it shall and may be lawful and for us, our 
heirs and successors, to grant the same land and premises 
with tlie ap})urtenanccs unto such person or persons as we, 
our heirs and successors, shall think tit. In witness whereof, 
we have caused tliese, our letters patent to ho made. 
Witness our trusty aiul well-])el(n'ed Ivobert Dinwiddle, 
Esq., our Lieutenant-Governor and Commander-in-Chief of 
our said Colony and Doiuinion at AVilliams])arg, under 
the seal of our said Colony, the sixteenth day of August, 
one thousand seven hundred and lifty-six, in the thirtieth 
year of our reign. 

KUF.CRT J)lN\VIl>]>IH. 

There was in the Old Truids; another patent, granted 
by George III, to Thomas Bouldin for four hundred and 
sixty acres of land, dated on the 10th day of July, 17(37, 
and signed by "Fran. Fau<[uier." It is a printed Ibrm 
on parchment with space left for a description of the land 
to be nuide in writing, whieh is done in such a manner 
as to fdl us wiih admiration for the penmanship of the 
scri))e; and it was written with a (piill }ien, nor are there 
any lines to go by, although the [uirchment is more than 
three times as wide as the }>iiges of this book. [ wish I 
could show my readers the long lines so slnii;/ht and so 
beautifully written. Xow-a-dnys, we have steel }iens and 
paper nicely ruled, but <lo we write any better than our 
forefathers? Judging from the s|:)ecimens I see in the 
Old Trutdc, I should say we do not write as well. Does 
it not seem to you reader, that the more you lix for a 
8cril»e, the less pains he takes? 

The first thing, I dare say, which struck the reader when 
lie read the ibregoing document was the useless verbiage. 
A deed for the sanic land now, leaving out the description 



43 

asisdonciiithisea.se, can 1)0 wi-itton in a dozen lines. 
The next tiling is the ]iiice of tin; land — live pounds f(.)r 
nine Inmdred and seventy acres. Lastly, the conditions 
on Avhich the grant was made. 

Times cliange and nothing shows it plainer than the 
patent which 1 liave copied for tlie inspection of the 
tlioughtlul reader. 



OJIAJ^TEK Vm. 

OLD ACOOUXT i;OOKS CUKIOTS CIIAlKiKS — NAMES OF FIRST 

SETTLERS— I'EX PICTURE OF MISS MARY RulLDIX— CLOSlNll 
REFLECTIONS. 



I will HOW iiiak.j my la.-t -1i-a\\ iiiu- tVoui the < >!,] Trunk. 
What, reader, ilo you su}.[io>e i liavo this liuic for your 
dissection and enLerlaininonfr — Two account hooks, 12l» 
years old, wliich Ijelon^x-d to my uToal-u-randtVitlier. 

The iirst is headed: ^' Thv Countiw Coi-n," and the 
accounts are neatly kept in a httle home-made ])ook, ruled 
by the old merchant himself, and on excellent paj)er, 
which bears the mai'k of having- l)oen ma<le in Enu'land. 
Tlie hand-writing is excellent, and every entry is as plain 
as it was when it was tirst ma<le. 

It a}>pears that the authoiities, avv-ay l)ack in ITAO, con- 
tracted with Thomas Bouldin to haul S!> harrck of corn 
from Petersburg, and deliver the same to various and sun- 
dry persoJis whose names are (U>wn in the Ixtok. 'J'he dis- 
tributing [.oint is not stated: but the )u-esumption is that 
it was at "liouldin's t?tore," on the old iveysville road, 
not far from ])rake's Branch |)cpot. 

James Walden's is the iirst name on the hook; he 
received 2^ ])ushels of corn o?i the lliih day oi" May, IT.Mt; 
Clement Ivead, iSen'r, received 21 bushels on the Ttlth of 
May, and 3 ])arrels and 1 hushel on the ;tth of dune. Ik- 
is the only man who seemed to h;ive recei\'ed as much as 
3 barrels. One man got oidy a hall" a husli.l. The lir.-t 
distribution took place in the middle ol May, and the 
.second in tin' middle ot' June. 



\ 

45 

At tlio 011(1 of tlie l)Ook is tlio followinij; : 

"1759.— Tli^ Couiilry to Thos. BoulJin l)r.: 
To briiigino; up two loads coni iVom point, 

ten barrels each loail, - - - €5 

To 2|- barrels lent, tlial 1 never recM au'ain, 1 17s. (Id. 
To receiving and delivering 8U barrels, as 

p'r acc't. ■ 

"Lr.XENij'c: 

Tbis day, Capt. Tlios. r.oublin came before 
me, Tbos. Ik'dibrd, ciont., and made oatli that the services 
contabied in tiiis -.u-rl. in debnering and rriu'lving the corn, 
and tbo lent 2 bai-r"ls ami a balf, and bringing n[. two 
loads from I'etersbni-g to Lunenbni-g, were pcrfoi-mcd by 
him, and that be m'\er yet received any satisfaction t'oi' tli<' 
same. 

Given under my ban<l ibis r2tb April, ITGd. 

Thus. UeituRD." 

The old gentleman, whose signature is to the above 
paper, was a valuable citizen in the C'olony, ar^d tVom him 
has sprung a numerous and liigbly respected progeny. 

Ibit to return to the acc(nmt-book. From the foi'cgo- 
ing extract the reader may figure out the price of corn in 
1759; also, the cost of transportation l>y wagon from 
Petersburg, lie will discover, too, that "Capt." nonidin 
was fi\'e years getting bis }>ay, if he vvov g(^t it. 

I hiul another little account-book, which furnishes food 
for retlection. It is dated 17G3. 

In this Sa.muel Windiish is charged to wagonin-' 2 bhds. 
shells (oyster shells, doubtless, to make lime), ami he bad 
to pay two pounds and three shillings for it. .lusejib 
Fricnt' and Thomas Spencer are charged with hauling 
merchandise. The Friends, the AVind)islies and the Spen- 
cers, who are scattered all over the country at the ju'esent 
time, are no doubt branches of thosi' (>]d honored .^ocks. 

AVe lind a very dislin.guished name in this old account- 
b(M)k, nauicly: that of Paul Caningtoti. Th.e rea.h.-r can- 



4Cj 

not guess wliat he. is cliavgcd witli — "ITaiiling fifteen 
giilloiis rum." Thou,i;;li asti'iot inciuber of iLe EstaMislied 
Church and entirely soher in his habits, it seems tliat the 
*'()]d A'ii;i2;inia gentlenuiii " was not a "teetotaller." 

TliC people in those days draidv rum. We don't find 
any wliiskey on tlic accounts of the merchants of colonial 
times. Our foreJ'alliers \vho wrre tbnd of a t^la ss of toddy, 
hibored under one serious disadvantage — the}- had no ice. 
The first ice-house ever dug in tlie county, was on tlie 
])lace recently ow ncl b}' Mr. Ileni'y C'a.rriiigton, dece.ised. 
but it was built longal'tei- the time of which ^ve are Avriting. 

Tlie name of Paul C'arringlon appears in two places. 
The last charge nuidc against him is, " To bringing three 
jiegi'oes n]>." 

This was one hundred and twenty-nine years ago. 
They were l)rought u]) from J'etersburg and no doubt 
were " new negroes." 

Our forefathers f )und themselves in the midst of a 
wilderness of forest, 'i'hey were greatly in need of labor. 
Here was a race of Aborigines right on the spot, infinitely 
inferior to themselves in many respects. And yet they 
derived no advantage from them in clearing the forests 
and cultivating the soil. Tlie negro must be brought 
thousands of miles from his native land at great expense, 
and made to lend a helping hand towards the development 
of the resources oi^ the country. 

])Ut why was the African enslaved and the Indian made 
to follow the course of the luiff.ilo':' It was not from any 
scruples of conscience entertained by tlie Ca\alier of the 
8outh or die Puritan of New England, hut simjily l)Ccauso 
the red man of America had too fiery a nature to be snli- 
jugaled. 

AVhile we do not ju.-.tity the means u>ed in emancipating 
the negro, we would not have him back in slavery again. 



-17 

r>ut who can rollocl caliiilv and ^;l'^•i()usl_v upon liis con- 
(lilioii a.s lie was, and now is, wiilioiit ailniittinic that the 
institution of slavery was, pv'rha]is, the only means of 
eual)ling- him to take the hrst step towards eivili/.ation. 

I purpose now to publish the lilO names whieh aie found 
in the book wherein the " Country Corn "" A\as kept. 
Many of our r^.adei's will iind the names of theii- allee^■lors 
in the list. Just here 1 t;d<:e oeeasiou to reniarlc, that there 
is not a f?ina:le middle name among them. 

To show the diilerenee in this respeet, betweiMi these 
times and those, I took li'O names as I eame to ihem on 
the subsci'ij>tion book' of a newspaper now pid)lished in 
Danville, with the following result: Middle names, lOS ; 
names without a middle' name, 12: now and then a })arent 
gi\-es his ehiid tour initials, such as L. (2- C. L. Sr.eli Ionic 
names are an unneeessary tax u[)on our tiiiie ami memo- 
ries, and it is a great pity that we have departed from the 
example set us by our forefathers. 

There is another fa.-t diseh^sed by the juipers in the "C'd 
Trunk."' It is this: Culy one man, namely, Sanmel Cohbs, 
Clerk of Charlotie in 17i!<k makes a display ot' his hand- 
writing. His llourishes would (]o credit to a graduate of 
a modern lousiness college. Nor does he eontine tiie ca[)ei"s 
of his pen to liis name, lie curls all ovej- his ollielal papers. 
About ten years ago, my resp-ected friend, -lauies M. 
Whittle, Esq., of J'ittsylvania county, A'a., wrote some 
highly interestimr memoirs of the late W^illiam Jjei«::h, 
in wliieh he complimented him for never, in all his wriliiiL"", 
making a solitary unnecessaiT stroke of the [)eii. Flour- 
ishes are ostentatious, and interfere w ith reading. Suiclv, 
tlie best writing is that which cati be most ea>ily read. 
AVill not every printer in the land say anuiiy 

But 1 am digressing. Here are the names, copied /iftr- 
atim : 



48 



James W'aldin, 
Kiel)ai-(1 Crow!?, 
John Crows, 
Thus. Jlaiidcurk, .^cu'r, 
Bciijani'm JIaiulcock, 
Wni. Atltlauis, Sen'r, 
Joliii Siaitli, 
George Foster, Jui\'r, 
KicbarJ Jones, 
John Slew art, 
Martha Hill, 
Charles SwilUvant, 
Franeiij AYorsham, 
William Tibhs, 
Tli<)mas liiulillestone, 
Susannah Jones, 
David IJt.hert.s 
liielianl ]Iix, .1 lui'r, 
Ann llarwood, 
Wm. Ni.-liola.s 
Isaae DaiMiet, 
Abraham Jjuiiderman, 
Vim. Tooml^s, 
James Sheltoii, 
Wm. Traynum, 
Francis Petty, 
Partriek Still 
Mieajab Francis, 
,1o1jii Wort hey. 
Win. Chandler, 
Thomas llandcock, Jr., 
Tliomas Comer, 
Jolm Xanee, 
Thomas Price, 



Dan'l Slay ton, 
Arthur Shiyton, 
Zachariab Waller, 
Clement Read, Sen" 
Tliouuis Bouldiu, 
Annas Carroll, 
Jas. Poggs, 
Henry Prewil, 
Josiah Ivandle, 
Jleury Carver, 
(Jet). Lundviii, 
Sarali Farmer, 
Sherwood AValtou, 
.Joshua Whorton, 
Joshua Mullin-s, 
Wm. Tooms, Jun'r, 
Tlionuis Word, 
Samuel Comer, 
liobt. Saxton, 
James J'ettyLCrew, 
Thomas I'oriwood, 
Jas. Cohvcll, 
Flizabetb Colwell, 
Jas. Swilk'vant, 
Paul Cai'rington, 
Jobu Haley, 
Jo.dina Challn, 
John Cook, 
Kobort I^avis. 
1):ividCraddoek, 
Wm. Cocde, 
Kiehard Ilix, Sen'r, 
Pobert Preedlove, 
James Spradlin, 



40 



JoS(.'])h Williamt;, John A\^outliertbod, 

Jo.so[)li Akin, Jos. Colcson, 

Abraliain Vauglian, William Coplin, 

Gabriel Toonibs, Thos. McCormack, 

David AVimpoy, Jolm Colwell, 

John Francis, Jas. Taylor, 

John Xorriee, Henry Coles-, 

John B]ac•k^vc]l, John Cunninpjhani, 

Argal r)lackston, Geo. Jones, 

Barnard Wells, Geo. Anderson, 

Thomas Smith, John Silcock, 

Sylvanah Stokes, Saml. Johnston, 

Eli.-'.abeih Stone, Richard Jones, 

I'dward Slar.ghtcr, John Agar, 

Ifenry Hudson, Wm. Conner, 

George ]\[osley, .. Elizal)eth ]Jol)lct, 

\Vm. Silcock, John Sansorn, 

Wm. CJilliam, Thomas Mitchell, 

John Elmore, Micljal Gill, 

Wm. Addams, John William, • 

Abr'n .Ahirtin, William Gill, 

Francis Howard, Jeremiah Childra, 

Jas. Miirjihy, ^lary Jones, 

Clement Read, Jun'r 



John W 



aiicr 



Benjamin Watson, Charles Coiqiles, 

John Mason, Wm. Jameson. 

I liavc dug up, as it were, the names of iiidividuals who 
lived l(jiig ago. They were honored in their generation, 
and were the glory ol" their times. ''There be some ot 
tliem that have left a name behind them that their praises 
might be reported. And some tliere be wdio have no 
memorial; who are iierished as though they had never 
l)een born." 



50 

Sad reflection to some wlio long to "live in songs of 
distant days." JUit why should a mortal care for fame on 
this earth, if lie believes tliat when he dies he Avill assume 
a new body, and career in a new and brighter world ? 

Now, gentle reader, I want to take your mind olF the 
old account book, to give you a pen j)icture of my old 
aunt }^lary Bouldin. 

Twenty-four ye;!rs ago I sat l)y n blazing lire of a 
winter's night, in eomjiany with several friends, listening;- 
to her wliile she w;is telling us the talo.^ which I have told to 
you. !She was then upwards of ninety yea.rs of aux-; but 
her head was clear, her spirits unbroken and she was as 
straight as an arrow. 

She tlrst touched upon Col. Clement Kead, his landino- 
at AVillianisburg when a lad; his education at William 
and Mary college; his settlemeJit afteruatd in Cliarlulte; 
bis polished numners, high character and vakuiblc services 
to Church an.d State. Then she gaAe us her early impres- 
sion of '■' Madam Read,"' who, she said, was educated in 
all that v.as useful as well as ornamental. Her stately 
bearing; her strong family pride: her splendid furniture; 
the beautiful gravel walk.- and flowers and tall i>yramitls 
of cedars in her yard. Then she gave us a graphic account 
of Col. Thonuis l)OuldiH, the most active, stirring imm in 
the county, of his day ; who built churches; carried on 
merchandise and farming; tamed "new negroes," and 
assisted in driving back tlie Indians, 

Again she reverted to " ^hadam Read " wliose character 
amused her exceedingly. Slu; told us how that spirited 
old dame use<l to ride out in the plantation, giving orders 
to her luindred slaves ; how, on one occasion, she bolted 
upstairs witha cowhide in hand and ran one of her sonsout 
of the window; how slic threatene<I to Vvhi[i another for 
going to the mountains an«l getting nuirried hv a mairis- 



51 

trate ; bow she speedily scnit for Parson Jolinston and had 
them married over accordini^ to tlie estahlislied usages of 
the Churel). Slie tlien nor( rayed tliis xealous supporter 
of tlie estabHslimeiit, dressed in hile-stnng silk, lawn 
apron and round top hat, as she ^^■a^kcd niaiestioally up 
the aisle, the eyes of the whole conoregation ujion her and 
took her seat in the upper pew, her siK'er ean of water 
by lier side. 

Next she gave us a vivid })ieture of old Parson Johnston 
reading his sermon, while the dissenters wei-e impatiently 
waiting for him to eonckide in order that they might 
begin. 

Then came a description of the amusements of tlie 
people in colonial days; their horse-racing; their card- 
playing; their sliootiiig matches and their meriy Christ- 
mases. The scenes of her childhood come up beibre 
her ; she forgets that she is old; springs u}'on the iloor, 
and, at the same time she mimics an old beau, she shows 
us how she used to dance the minuet. All enjoy the 
scene and ea'-h in his turn, asks a thousand quo-tion>. 
The old lady's heart lightens as she goes; she makes a 
hundred spriglitly remarks; laughs at her own pictures; 
licrself, tlie livliest picture of them all. 

But presentl}- the scene changes, some one advances a 
sentiment whieh displeases her. " It is not so, sir," sa\s 
she, as she stamjis lier foot u|»on the tloor; shakes her 
fist at him and '' crows deiianee in his laee." The old 
lady is lunv on a high horse, and all heisell' appeals in 
this one night's view. 

We will now inform the reader that we have gone 
through the Old Trunk; that is to say, the papers whieli 
relate to eolonial i\:\\>. \Vq have exaniined the original 
documents with gfeal inten-st, but (hey nuHt lose much 
of their magieal elleet when transleri-ed to the pages oi' a 



book. Tlic old man who disii^uisos tlio oni])lenis of ag-e; 
puts ill a new set of teeth ; d^es liis hair and dresses in 
the height of fasliion, is an ohl man lU'verthc'Iess, but lie 
loses half the ehann which Ix-longs to years. So these 
old papers, with the mellowness of age u[ioii them, so 
suggestive in manuse.ri]it form, art' rol>he<l of much of 
their attractiveness when clothed in modern tvpe. Still, 
they and the traditi(-ns C(Mincctod with them are valuable 
mementoes of the past. Tiny aid the memory in bringing 
back things long forgotten, calling up visi(*ns of ^cent's 
and Ibrms of long ago and furnish us with iih'asing con- 
trasts, between the j. resent and the ]»ast. 

As we rummage over the Old Trunk of (Uir forefather, 
containing papers of eveiy description ; autogi-aphs ot" old 
pioneers, coiumissious of oiheers, signed i)y the ancient 
colonial Governors of Virginia, letters patent granted by 
George the Second, orders to march to tlie relief of the 
frontier, letters from a commission merchant in Gla.-^gow 
to a planter in Lunenburg, an order upon the Collector of 
Cornwall l^arrish to pay for tlie building oi' a t-hur'h in 
1709, an advertisement to let to the lowest bidder the poor 
people of the pai-rish, marriage licenses which were ob- 
tained when our grandmotlier was led to the hyinenerd 
altar according to the ceremonies of the Church of England, 
levies by the county court for the purchase of arms tor the 
poor, old account-books furnislung interesting hints of the 
private life of our foieilithers, we say, as we rummaire 
over this confused mass of pa[)Ors belonging to an age 
when the laws, the manners andhaluts of the y.eople were 
so diftcrent from what they are now, we go ''stumbling 
o'er recollections,"' but they are not recollections of the 
pilgrim who stands amidst the ruins of Kome, '' lone 
mother of dead empires," and plods ''his way o'er steps 
of broken thrones and temples;" they remind us, not of 



6B 

a people wljo linvc niii tlieir course, dazzlino- tlic eye lor 
•A while l»y llioir splendid career, whose cities were at 
length liund>led, and its Ldories tied; l)ut lliey remind us 
of the childhood (^f n mii'lity nation, the foundation of a 
uiagnificent sli'ucture, ^^•hich in after years, reared its head 
to the heavens, the wonder and admiration of the civilized 
world: tliey impress tlie mind\\ith the rapid strides which 
have ]>een made within a few years towai'ds the im]»rove- 
ment of a country which ()ur forefathers found a savai;-e 
wild; i\[oy enlarge our views of the great changes whieh 
have txdcen place in our soeial fahrie, and teaeli u.s v. hat 
manner of people laid the foumlation of ihis proud old 
Commonwealth. 



EKIIATA. 



On the seventh ]>age it is stated tfiat Parley won 20,000 
acres of Col. 1^-rd. It shouhl he Col. l^yrd's sun. 

On the eighth page, three lines from the hottom, for 
victalizi ug read rictualjiinj. 



:i9f^