Skip to main content
Keep Your M h This Pocket
Books will be issued only on
of propw library cwd&,
tWtees labeled otherwise,, books may fa
retaiaed for four weAs, w>rrowa^ finding
boote aiarfced, defaced or mutilated we 'ex^
pected to' report, same "at Kbrajy desk:; othor*
wise the Ism bowower wfll be Wd wspoasibfe
for all imp^rf ectiofis diwoy^red.
Hie card Wder k iwpoiwbl for all books
drawn; on hin card.
. <Benftlty for over-due books 2e & day pliit
eost of wjtiees,
Lost cards and change of residence must
Kansas City, Mo.
Keep Your Card in this Pocket
KANSAS CITY. MO, PUBLIC LIBRARY
20-Af f "-
'".' .''::. j'
%, ^ j
BY AMERICAN WOMEN
PAST HUNDRED YEARS
AS CHOSEN FOR
THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF WOMEN
Chairman, Committee of Selection
ASSOCIATED AUTHORS SERVICE
West Adams Street, Chicago
"A CENTURY OF PROGRESS"
NATIONAL COUNCIL OF WOMEH
OF THE UNITED STATES, INC.
ASSOCIATED AUTHORS SERYJTCB
222 West Adams Street s Chicago
PRIKTBD IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
TO THOSE DILIGENT AND CONSCIEN-
TIOUS ARTISTS IN THE FIELD OF
LETTERS, WHOSE WORK DURING THE
CENTURY 1833-1933 INSPIRED AND
ENABLED THIS VOLUME.
n We should accustom the mind to keep
the best company by introducing if only
to the best hooks."
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Foreword by President of the National Council
of Women ................................ 9
Introduction by Chairman of the Committee of
Selection ....... , ......................... n
List of The One Hundred Best Books by Ameri-
can Women During the Past One Hundred Years 17
Reviews of the one hundred books selected and
biographies of their authors .................. 21
Biography .................................. 2.1
Drama .................................... 39
Essays ..................................... 45
Fiction .................................... 51
Humor .................................... 72,
Juvenile ................................... 76
Poetry .................................... 88
Religion ........... ...,. .................. 103
Science .................................... 1 07
Short Stories ............................... no
Social Science ............................... 114
Travel .................................... i zz
TT IS valuable every now and then for women of many
-* countries to come together for the discussion of their
own and of world problems. Through such mutual in-
terchange of opinion comes real progress. It was this
motive which inspired the International Congress of
"Women in connection with the Chicago World's Fair
of 1893, and the woman movement all over the world
was quickened and stimulated as a result.
The year 1933 brought another exposition to Chi-
cago A Century of Progress, It was fitting, then, that
the International Congress of Women should meet in
Chicago in 1933 under the auspices of the National
Council of Women to evaluate what women have ac-
complished since 1893, to give a new focus and direction
to the activities of organized womanhood.
Of such an International Congress an International
Women Writers* Conclave was an appropriate part. For
it is the writers of any generation who interpret to the
world the thinking of that generation. It is through
them that the purposes of such a gathering become
manifest. We must depend upon them to make lucid
the ideals of our recent International Congress.
Considering the time, the place and the occasion,
what more appropriate also than to include as part
of such a Women Writers" Conclave a survey of the
progress of women in the field of writing? Through
a review of the works of women writers of the past
we gain a clear picture of the changing trends of thought
in generations that are gone. Thus it was that was born
the idea of assembling the list of the one hundred best
books written by women in the past hundred years.
[ 9 ]
Grace Thompson Seton, Chairman of Letters of the
National Council of Women, who conceived the idea of
the International Women Writers' Conclave, chose
Anita Browne as the Chairman, to organize a Committee
of Selection which should compile the list. The result
of their work was announced at the Women Writers*
Conclave at the International Congress of Women held
at the Palmer House, Chicago, in July, 1933.
Selected by a group of eminent literary people and by
members of the faculty of leading colleges, these hundred
books represent the judgment of intellectuals as to the
best feminine thinking of the past century. They in-
terpret the woman of yesterday and today and forecast
the woman of tomorrow.
LENA MADESIN PHILLIPS
President, National Council of Women
THE list of one hundred best books by women during
the past one hundred years, when announced in the
press of the nation during the International Congress of
Women, in Chicago, in July, 1933, evoked widespread
interest and approbation. It lifted dramatically into
public thought the wealth of literature contributed by
women writers of that period. This volume, providing
in more permanent form the findings of the Committee
of Selection, constitutes a timely record of the occasion
as well as a tribute to a group of women whose names
lend lustre to the literary, social and political history of
In the endeavor to formulate a plan of selection broad
enough to include varied opinions and so authoritative
as to command critical support, the Chairman of the
Committee of Selection obtained the cooperation of a
Book Council composed of a group of the foremost
authors of the day and established authorities in the
world of arts and letters. The term "best** was decided
upon as indicative of the purpose, as the word "best**
at its best cannot be too literally construed; it is largely
a matter of point of view. The best for one might not
be the choice of all, for, as William Lyon Phelps has
said, "Literature is like a garden: one enters and admires
the flowers, but one has individual preferences."
To insure the broadest possible scope in the selection,
a preliminary list of books was made by a College Book
Committee. Acceptances to serve on this committee were
received from more than sixty of the leading colleges
and universities of the United States. In each case, repre-
sentation was by the president or an appointed fac-
ulty member. This preliminary list included several hun-
dred noteworthy books, representing the total of all the
books submitted by the College Book Committee.
This list o books was submitted to each member of
the Book Council. A voluntary comment of one of the
Council, upon receiving the list, was, "Let me say that
the books selected were intelligently chosen and it was
wonderful to view woman's accomplishments over a
period of one hundred years. They have added much to
the sum of achievement in literature. 5 *
After the members of the Book Council had rendered
their decisions, their lists were carefully tabulated. The
one hundred books having the most credit marks formed
the final selection.
Only one book by an author was selected. It is in-
teresting to note that forty per cent of the books were
written prior to 1900. That the majority of books listed
were written since is but natural. It indicates the rapid
growth of women not only in literary work but in other
forms of accomplishment. It is logical also to judge those
books written prior to 1900 according to the literary
standards of the times. Each volume on the list was
chosen, not alone for its literary merit, but also as being
representative of the period in which it appeared and for
its influence in molding public thought and opinion.
In this book, following the complete list of the one
hundred books, will be found a brief review of each work
together with a biographical sketch of the author. Inso-
far as possible, the review consists of comments taken
from authoritative sources at the time of publication of
each book. In some instances there is an added statement
from a member of the Book Council, epitomizing the
reason for selection.
If this compilation serves to stimulate interest in read-
ing the volumes with which one may not be familiar, or
in re-reading those which are already old friends, it will
indeed have served a useful purpose. May it bring to its
readers some measure of the pleasure which the work of
selection brought to the Committee and serve to bind
together, even more strongly, the hearts of all lovers of
literature, even as the circumambient sky is a neighborly
roof to all nations.
Chairman, Committee of Selection
ANITA BROWNE, Chairman, Founder-organizer of Poetry Week.
Chairman of poetry for General Federation of Women's Clubs*
and Literary Adviser of the New York State Federation of
Women's Clubs, organized the following Book Council and Col-
lege Book Committee;
THE BOOK COUNCIL
FAITH BALDWIN, Author, scenario and short story -writer. Author
of Alimony, Skyscraper and other volumes.
ELLIS PARKER BUTLER, President of the Authors Club. Author of
over twenty-five books since his famous Pigs is Pigs was pub-
lished in 1906.
STEPHEN VINCENT BENET, poet. Won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
with his volume John Brown's Body.
ALICE BOOTH. Member of the Editorial staff of Good Housekeep-
Louis BROMFIELD. Author of Early Autumn, which won, the Pulit-
zer Prize in 1926.
MRS. HARRY J. BURNKAM. Chairman of Literature of the General
Federation of Women's Clubs.
CONINGSBY DAWSON. Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society.
Author of many books and short stories.
BABETTE DEUTSCH. Poet. Author of Honey Out of the Rock.
Honor Poet of Poetry Week in New York State for 1933-
NATHAN HASKELL DOLE. Author of over thirty books. Has been
associated with several prominent New York publishers as editor.
IRITA VAN DOREN. Editor of N the Book Section of the New York
ROBERT FROST. Pulitzer Prize winner in Poetry in 1924 an<3 1930.
Faculty member of Amherst College. Former poet in residence
at the University of Michigan.
WILFRED J. FUNK. President of Funk and Wagnalls. Publisher of
The Literary Digest. Author of two books of poetry.
ZONA GALE. Author. Chairman of the Wisconsin Free Library
Commission and Honorary member of Phi Beta Kappa.
JOHN WESLEY HILL. Clergyman and author. Founder of Asiatic
Branch of International Peace Forum.
FANNIE HURST. Author and lecturer. Feature and scenario write*:.
[ 14 ]
HENDRIK WILLEM VAN LOON. Author and journalist. Former
Associate Editor of Baltimore Sun.
FULTON OURSLER. Editor of Liberty Magazine 1931. Novelist,
playwright and scenario writer.
JULIA PETERKIN. Author. Contributor to the American Mercury,
The Saturday Evening Post, Century and other magazines.
RUSSELL POTTER. Director of the Institute of Arts and Sciences
of Columbia University.
CHARLES EDWARD RUSSELL. Pulitzer Prize winner in Biography in
1927. Former publisher of the Chicago American and City Editor,
New York World.
DON SEITZ. Author. Former Editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, and
Assistant Editor of the Outlook.
IDA M. TARE ELL. Author. President of Pen and Brush Club for
CHARLES HANSON TOWNE. Poet and author. Literary Editor of
The New York American.
THORNTON WILDER. Author of The Bridge of San Luis Rey, and
other volumes. A professor at the University of Chicago.
DR. BLANCHE COLTON WILLIAMS, head of the English Department
at Hunter College. Short story authority. Compiled the O. Henry
Memorial Prize Stories from 1919 to
COLLEGE BOOK COMMITTEE
Acadia University, Nova Scotia
University of Arkansas
Baylor College for Women,
Berea College, Kentucky
Bethany College, West Virginia
Bowdoin College, Maine
College of the City of New
Columbia University, New York
Earlham College, Indiana
Elmira College, New York
Saint Francis Xavier University,
Furman University, South Caro-
Georgia School of Technology
Grenada College, Mississippi
Grinnell College, Iowa
Hanipden-Sydney College, Va.
University of Hawaii
Hollins College, Virginia
Hood College, Maryland
Hunter College, New York
Lake Erie College, Ohio
Lincoln Memorial University,
Linderwood College, Missouri
Long Island University, New
Louisiana Polytechnic Institute
Marietta College, Ohio
Mercer University, Georgia
Miami University, Ohio
Millsaps College, Mississippi
University of Minnesota
University of Montana
Mt. Holyoke College, Massa-
University of Mississippi
McKendree College, Illinois
University of Nevada
University of New Hampshire
New York University
University of North Carolina
University of North Dakota
Northwestern University, 111.
Oklahoma College for Women
Oregon State System of Higher
Pennsylvania College for
University of Porto Rico
Randolph Macon Woman's Col-
Roanoke College, Virginia
Rosary College, Illinois
Rutgers University, New Jersey
State College of Washington
Vassar College, New York
Washington College, Maryland
Washington and Jefferson Col-
University of Washington
Wheaton College, Massachusetts
Wittenberg College, Ohio
Yale University, Connecticut
100 BEST BOOKS
BY AMERICAN WOMEN
DURING THE PAST
ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY BY CLASSIFICATION 1 AND BY
AUTHOR IN BACK SECTION
TWENTY YEARS AT HULL HOUSE, by Jane Ad Jams (19*0)
CATHERINE THE GREAT, by Katherine Anthony (19*5)
A HISTORY OF WOMAN SUFFRAGE, by Susan B. Anthony,
Elizabeth Cady Stan f on and Matilda Joslyn Gage (1881)
THE PROMISED LAND, by Mary An fin (1912)
EARTH: HORIZON, by Mary Austin (15*3 2)
LIFE AND LETTERS OF EMILY DICKINSON, by MartJba
Ttickinson Bianchi (1924)
GRANDMOTHER BROWN'S HUNDRED YEARS,
by Mrs. Harriet C. Brown (1929)
MOZART, by Marcia Davenport (1932)
ANGBLS AND AMAZONS, by Inez Haynes Invin (
THE STORY OF MY LIFE, by Helen Keller (190
A NBW ENGLAND GIRLHOOD, by Lucy Larcom
JOHN KEATS, by Amy Lowell (*9*5)
PERE MARQUETTE, PRIEST, PIONEER AND ADVENTURER,
by Agnes Repplier (1929)
MY BROTHER, THEODORE ROOSEVELT,
by Corinne Roosevelt Robinson (1921)
THE STORY OF A PIONEER, by Anna Howard Shaw (19
LIFE OP ABRAHAM LINCOLN, by Ida M. Tarbell (1900)
GLIMPSES OF FIFTY YEARS, by Frances Willard (1889)
WHEN LADIES MEET, by Rachel Crothers (193*)
THE POOR LITTLE RICH GIRL, by Eleanor Gates (191 2)
ALISON'S HOUSE, by Susan Glaspell (1930)
THE PIPER, by Josephine Vreston Veabody (1909)
r 17 ]
FASHION, by Anna Cora Mowatt Ritchie (1845)
SUN-UP, by Lulu Vollmer
ON UNDERSTANDING WOMEN, by Mary Beard (193*)
LETTERS FROM NEW YORK, by Lydla Child (1843)
GODEY'S LADY'S BOOK, Sarah /. Hale, Editor (1837)
POETS AND THEIR ART, by Harriet Monroe (1926)
PAPERS ON LITERATURE AND ART, by Margaret Fulkr Qssoli
THE CONQUEROR, by Gertrude Atherton (1902)
THE GOOD EARTH, by Pearl Buck (193*)
DEATH COMES FOR THE ARCHBISHOP, by Willa Cat her (ij?i/)
THE LAMPLIGHTER, by Maria Cummins (1854)
SHOW BOAT, by Ettna ferber (1926)
THE DEEPENING STREAM, by Dorothy Can field P/sher (*93)
THE LED-HORSE CLAIM, by Mary Hallock Foots (1883)
Miss LULU BETT, by Zona Gale (1920)
LUMMOX, by Fannie Httrst (1923)
RAMONA, by Helen Hunt Jackson (1884)
THE COUNTRY OF THE POINTED FIRS, by Sara Orne Jetvett
To HAVE AND TO HOLD, by Mary Johnston (1900)
MOTHER, by Kathleen Norris (19*1)
SCARLET SISTER MARY, by Julia Peterkin (1928)
THE GATES AJAR, by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps
THE TIME OF MAN, by Elizabeth Maddox Roberts
THE LEAVENWORTH CASE, by Anna Catherine Green Rohlfs
THE LITTLE FRENCH GIRL, by Anne Douglas Sedgwtck (1924)
UNCLE TOM'S CABIN, by Harriet Beecher Stowe (1852)
ETHAN FROME, by Edith W barton (1911)
ST. ELMO, by Augusta Evans Wilson (i%66)
THE PETERKIN PAPERS, by Lucretia Peabody Hah (x88o)
SAMANTHA AT THE CENTENNIAL, by Marietta fJottey (1877)
AMERICAN HUMOR, by Constance May field Rourke
LITTLE WOMEN, by Louisa May Alcott (1868)
LITTLE LORD FAUNTLEROY, by Frances Hodgson Burnett
DOTTY DIMPLE, by Rebecca Clark (1867)
THE CAT WHO WENT TO HEAVEN, by Elizabeth Coateswortk
HANS BRINKER, OR THE SILVER SKATES, by Mary Mapes Dodge
ELSIE DINSMORE, by Martha Finley (1867)
POLLYANNA, by Eleanor H. Porter (1913)
MRS. WIGGS OF THE CABBAGE PATCH, by Alice Caldwell Rice
FIVE LITTLE PEPPER STORIES, by Margaret Sidney (1881)
THE WIDE, WIDE WORLD, by Sn$an Warner (1849)
DADDY-LONG-LEGS, by Jean McKinney "Webster (1912)
REBECCA OF SUNNYBROOK FARM, by Kate Douglas Wtg&in (1903)
POEMS, by Alice and Phoebe Cary (1850)
BELLS AT EVENING AND OTHER VERSES, by Fanny /. Crosby
HONEY OUT OF THE ROCK, by Babette Dentscb (1925)
COMPLETE POEMS OF EMILY DICKINSON, by Emily Dickinson
COLLECTED POEMS OF H. D, } by Hilda Doolitth (1925)
LATER LYRICS, by Julia Ward Howe (1866)
RENASCENCE AND OTHER POEMS, by Edna Stf. Vincent MilUy
POEMS, by Louise Chandler Monlfon (1877)
DEATH AND TAXES, by Dorothy "Parker (1931)
SELECTED POEMS, by Lizctte Wood-worth Reese (1926)
FIDDLER'S FAREWELL, by Leonora Speyer (1926)
RIVERS TO THE SEA, by Sara Teasdale (1915)
LYRICS AND SONNETS, by Edlib Thomas (1887)
THE COLLECTED POEMS OF Elinor Wylie
THE SABBATH IN PURITAN NEW ENGLAND, by Alice Earle (1891)
SCIENCE AND HEALTH WITH KEY TO THE SCRIPTURES,
by Mary Baker Eddy (1875)
FRANCISCAN ADVENTURES, by Vida Scudder (1931)
INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF VARIABLE STARS,
by Caroline Furness (1915)
AN ATLAS OF THE MEDULLA AND MIDBRAENT,
by Florence JR.. Sabin (1901)
MEADOW GRASS, by Alice Brown (1895)
OLD CHESTER TALES, by Margaret Deland (1898)
A NEW ENGLAND NUN AND OTHER, STORIES,
by Mary Wilkins Freeman (1891)
IN THE TENNESSEE MOUNTAINS, by Mary N* Mvrfree (1884)
WOMEN IN INDUSTRY, by Edith Abbott (1910)
WOMAN SUFFRAGE AND POLITICS, by Carrie Chapman Catt
and Nettie Rogers Shuler (1923)
REMARKS ON PRISONS AND PRISON DISCIPLINE IN THE UNITED
STATES, by Dorothea Dix (1845)
HUSBANDS AND HOMES, by Marlon Harland (1865)
MY STORY OF THE WAR, by Mary A. Livermore (1888)
COMING OF AGE IN SAMOA, by Margaret Mead (1928)
WOMAN AND THE NEW RACE, by Margaret Sanger (1920)
CARL AKELEY'S AFRICA, by Mary L. Akeley (1929)
SPANISH HIGHWAYS AND BYWAYS, by Catherine Lee Bates (1900)
NEW ORLEANS, THE PLACE AND THE PEOPLE, by Grace King
PORTS AND HAPPY PLACES, by Cornelia Stratton Parker (1924)
A WOMAN TENDERFOOT IN EGYPT, by Grace Thompson Seton
HOUSE OF EXILE, by Nora Wain (1933)
"Biography is by nature the -most universally profit-
able, universally pleasant of all things"
TWENTY YEARS AT HULL HOUSE
By JANE ADDAMS
remarkable achievement of a remarkable woman
-*- is recorded in this book, described by the New York
Library Bulletin as an "Interesting story of the develop-
ment of the social, civic and other activities of Chicago's
famous neighborhood house, with autobiographic notes
and personal experiences at home and abroad."
One of the judges commented in selecting the book for
the list: "This is a candid, straightforward account of the
more important years of her life by one of the outstand-
ing women of America."
The name of Jane Addams is synonymous with the
name of Hull House: each stands for the other. Jane
Addams was born in 1860 on the 6th of September at
Cedarville, Illinois. Following her graduation from Rock-
ford College in 1881, Miss Addams went abroad for two
years. On her return she studied in Philadelphia and later
received an LL.D. degree from the University of Wis-
consin as well as degrees from Smith College. She received
an A.M. from Yale University in 1910.
In 1889 Jane Addams opened her Social Settlement of
Hull House in Chicago, together with an associate, Ellen
Gates Starr. "The success of this settlement, which be-
came a factor for good in the city, was principally due to
Miss Addams* rare executive skill and practical common
sense methods. Her personal participation in the life of the
community is exemplified in her acceptance of the office
of Inspector of Streets and Alleys under the municipal
government. She became widely known as a lecturer and
writer on social problems." Encyclopedia Britannic.
For three years Miss Addams served as President of the
National Conference on Charities and Corrections. Her
honors have included the Presidency of the Women's In-
ternational Union for Peace and she presided at con-
ventions at The Hague, Zurich, Vienna, Washington,
Dublin and Prague.
Other works of Jane Addams include Democracy and
Social Ethics; Newer Ideals of Peace; The Spirit of Youth
and the City Streets; The Long Road of Women's
CATHERINE THE GREAT
By KATHERINE SUSAN ANTHONY
" A S FASCINATING as a novel, is this story of a Ger-
man princess who rose to the throne of Russia and by
her own efforts became a power in the world of politics.**
Chicago Library Bulletin.
"One expects a new biography of a famous historical
figure either to represent fresh material, the result o re-
search, or to revise conventional interpretations of char-
acter in the light of more modern psychology. Miss
Anthony's study amply justifies itself on both counts.
Furthermore, Miss Anthony portrays the Empress with a
keen eye for dramatic moments, with a convincing effect
of continuity, and with a respect refreshingly tempered
by humorous perception." "Nation.
"An admirable biography of a great character/* com-
ments one of the Committee of Selection.
Roseville, Arkansas, was the birthplace of Katherine
Susan Anthony, November 27, 1877. Miss Anthony
studied at Peabody College for Teachers, in Nashville,
Tennessee; later attended the Universities of Heidelberg
and Freiburg in Germany. In 1905 she received a Ph.D.
degree from the University of Chicago and became an
instructor at Wellesley College.
For four years prior to 1913 Miss Anthony did research
work in economics with the Russell Sage Foundation.
Her published volumes include Mothers Who Must Earn;
feminism in Germany and Scandinavia; Labor Laws in
New York; Margaret Fuller a psychological biography;
Queen Elizabeth; and as co-author, Civilization in the
United States An Inquiry by Thirty Americans.
A HISTORY OF WOMAN SUFFRAGE
SUSAN B. ANTHONY
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON
MATILDA JOSLYN GAGE
A HISTORY OF WOMAN SUFFRAGE is an authen-
-/l- tic report of an outstanding achievement by women
and for women. It is fitting that the two women
whose initiative and courage led them to follow the stand
taken by Susan B. Anthony, should have been the ones to
collaborate with her in compiling this remarkable history.
The attitude current at the time the book was pub-
lished is expressed in the review of the book in The Nation
under date of May 19, 1887. The reviewer quotes from
the book a paragraph from a speech of Mrs. Stanton's in
which she speaks of "the studied inattention and con-
tempt of the Chairman on a hearing before the Senate
Committee on Privileges and Elections," how the Senator
who was presiding, te took special pains to show that
he did not intend to listen. He alternately looked over
some manuscripts and newspapers before him, then
jumped up to open or close a door or window. He
stretched, yawned, gazed at the ceiling, cut his nails,
sharpened his pencil, changing his occupation and posi-
tion every two minutes, effectually preventing the estab-
lishment of the faintest magnetic current between the
speakers and the committee. It was with difficulty," adds
Mrs. Stanton, "I restrained the impulse more than once
to hurl my manuscript at his head."
Susan B. Anthony was born in South Adams, Massa-
chusetts, on February 15, 1820, of Quaker parentage,
Her education was at a Friends' School in Philadelphia,
after which she taught school in New York for fifteen
years. Being interested in the temperance movement, she
began the organization of societies and first spoke in
public in 1847. She was one of the organizers of the New
York State Temperance Society.
About 1854 Susan B. Anthony held conventions
throughout the counties of New York in behalf of
Woman's Suffrage; a few years later she became a leader
of the anti-slavery movement and in 1858 advocated co-
education. One of her outstanding achievements was her
influence in securing the passage of the act in 1 860 by the
New York Legislature giving married women possession
of their earnings and the guardianship of their children.
In 1868 she began the publication of a paper devoted to
the emancipation of woman, known as the "Revolution-
ist," in association with Mrs. E. C. Stanton and Parker
Pillsbury. The records show her casting ballots at the
State and Congressional election in Rochester to test the
application of the i4th and I5th amendments; she was
indicted for illegal voting, but the fine was never exacted*
Susan B. Anthony was sent as a delegate to the Inter-
c *4 1
national Council of Women in London in 1899, which is
said to have been her last public appearance. Her eightieth
birthday in 1900 was celebrated with special tributes in
Washington at which time she retired from the Presidency
of the National Woman Suffrage Association. She passed
away in 1906.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born November izth,
1815, at Johnstown, New York. Her father was a judge.
Mrs. Stanton was one of the first American Feminists.
The Declaration of Sentiments was formulated through
her efforts at the Seneca Falls convention in June 1848.
Nearly all the changes in the law then advocated have
been fulfilled at this time. From 1865 to 1893 she was
President of the National Woman Suffrage Association.
Matilda Joslyn Gage was born in Cicero, New York
on March 24, 1826. Her father was an ardent abolition-
ist and through him she became early interested in re-
forms. She married a merchant of Cicero, Henry H.
Gage, in 1845 and soon after began her public career as a
writer and lecturer on slavery and woman suffrage.
THE PROMISED LAND
By MARY AKTIN
**npHIS book is an autobiography of an immigrant who
J- was born in Polotzk, Russia, a town in the Jewish
pale, and spent her childhood there. Her family being
driven by the pressure of poverty to immigrate, when
she was twelve years old, she was brought to America,
where she made brilliant progress through the public
schools of Boston, and through Barnard College. The
story of her life is absorbing in its human significance,
remarkable for its literary distinction and convincingly
hopeful in its view of the immigrant problem in
America." 'Pittsburgh Library Bulletin.
Mary Antin was born in 188 1 and came to America in
1894 where she entered the public schools. Miss Antin
later attended the Girls Latin School of Boston, and also
Teachers' College and Barnard. She became the wife of
Professor Amadeus W. Grabau of Columbia University
in 1901. In 1899, taking the inspiration of her birthplace
for a title, Miss Antin wrote From Polotzk to Boston.
The Promised Land was her next volume, to be followed
by They Who Knock at Our Gates and many articles
By MARY AUSTIN
NO LESS an authority than Isabel Patterson of the
New York Herald Tribune editorial staff has writ-
ten of this book, "Her autobiography has the quality of
greatness, because she is a great woman, as well as an
accomplished writer. It will live as a significant contribu-
tion to American values. She has literally made something
of herself and thereby enriched her country; she has
joined up the pioneer life of action and the reflective
mode of the artist. No American can read this book
without gaining from it a sense of direction, as well as
the pleasure of acquaintance with a warm personality
and a distinguished mind," Books November 6, 1932.
An interesting comparison is made by R. L. Duffus
in the New York Times, November 13, 1932. "One of
the tests of an autobiography is whether the person
written about can be reconciled with the person writing.
In Mrs. Austin's story there is no difficulty in arriving at
On September 9, 1868, Mary Hunter Austin was born
in Carlinville, Illinois. Twenty years later she received a
B.S. degree from Blackburn University. In 1891 she
married Stafford W. Austin of California.
c *6 ]
Mrs. Austin is well known in America for her novels
dealing with the Southwestern States, and especially the
Indians in whom she has been greatly interested. She has
been a special lecturer before the Fabian Society of Lon-
don and also for the University of California.
Mrs. Austin has written over twenty books and plays
including The Arrow Maker; Fire; The Man Jesus; Out-
land; The Land of Jo^trncys J Ending; The Children Sing
in the Far West.
LIFE AND LETTERS OF EMILY DICKINSON
By MARTHA GILBERT DICKINSON BIANCHI
AMONG the books inspired by the life of the great
American poet, this one is outstanding, being writ-
ten by one close to the life of Emily Dickinson. Many
reviews have recorded the great response to this book,
among them being the following, "An admirable, but
reticent record of the life of a New England poet, recluse
and mystic, with an accompanying selection from her
letters. Emily Dickinson's shy charm, the audacity of her
wit and the sensitive acuteness of her feeling are revealed
in these notes to her family and to such friends as Dr.
and Mrs. J. G. Holland and Thomas Wentworth Higgin-
son." New York State Library Bulletin,
The book is selected for this honor list "for the insight
given into the shy soul of America's greatest poet" ac-
cording to the comment of one of the Committee.
Martha Gilbert Dickinson, the niece of Emily Dickin-
son, was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, and was the
great granddaughter of Samuel Fowler Dickinson, who
was instrumental in securing the charter for Amherst
College, Miss Dickinson attended Miss Porter's school in
Connecticut and in 1903 married Captain Alexander
Bianchi, at Carlsbad, Bohemia.
[ *7 J
Among her books are The Cathedral; Within the
Hedge; A Modern Prometheus; Russian Lyrics and Cos-
sack Song$>; Gabrielle and Other Poems.
GRANDMOTHER BROWN'S HUNDRED YEARS
By HARRIET C. BROWN
RS. BROWN was born In 1827 in the Ohio town
to which her grandfather had migrated after the
Revolution. In the fifties, she and her husband moved to
Iowa where she lived until her death in 1928. Her bi-
ography, told almost entirely in the form of conversation
with her daughter-in-law, is the story of how one good
woman spent a hundred busy, useful and on the whole,
happy years." Book Review Digest,
"No reader of imagination but must fee! not merely
that he has been told the story of Grandmother Brown's
useful and inspiring life, but rather that he has sat beside
her by the open fire in her pleasant room and listened to
it from her own lips," writes Frances Bartlett in the
Boston Transcript, November 2, 1929.
The book was awarded a $5000 prize given by The
Atlantic Monthly, According to a member of the Com-
mittee of Selection, "Written in a charming, graceful
style, it gives a picture of the life of a typical American
woman under conditions now rarely found. It has there-
fore a certain historical and social value."
Harriet Chedie (Connor) Brown was born In Burling-
ton, Iowa, September n, 1872. She studied at Wheaton
Seminary in Norton, Massachusetts, and also attended
Cornell where she received the degree A.B, In 1894. It
is recorded that she was the first woman to attain a po-
sition on the university paper and first to win the Wood-
bury Oratory Prize. She was elected to Phi Beta Kappa,
also awarded a year's scholarship to Berlin.
Slie has done considerable newspaper writing, having
reported three national political conventions.
By MARCIA DAVENPORT
"TiyTARCIA DAVENPORT concludes the foreword
JLVJL O f kgj. life O f Mozart with the statement that she
has written 'neither a romance nor a text-book.' Hers is
a carefully 'documented' account of one of the most
extraordinary and most persistently misrepresented per-
sonalities of genius; she has accomplished her difficult
task without the obligatory array of footnotes, and with-
out allowing her keen and sympathetic imagination to
get out of hand. It is the 'new biography' applied to a
subject eminently calling for just such a statement."
Saturday Review of Literature.
This biography contains much new material, for Mrs.
Davenport had access to virtually every library as well
as museum containing Mozartiana.
The book "leaves the reader convinced of the reality of
the figure with whom he has passed through a career of
hard work, poverty, neglect and a few (but astounding)
triumphs," reported Herbert Gorman in the New York
Times of March 27, 1932,
Marcia Davenport was born in New York City, in
the year 1901. That she should be the author of the
book which is considered one of the best biographies of
the great musician is not surprising for she was brought
up in a musical atmosphere, being the daughter of Alma
Gluck and the step-daughter of Efrem Zimbalist. Both
musical and historical authorities have brought assistance
to her work. In working on the manuscript for Mozart
she went to every city he was in during the course of his
life and saw every house still standing where Mozart had
lived. She visited every theatre in which he appeared.
ANGELS AND AMAZONS
By INEZ HAYNES IRWIN
HP HE achievements of American women between the
*- years 1833 and 1933 have been gathered into one
impressive volume. Its pages present a series of portraits
of the various personalities who have influenced the ad-
vancement of women during the past century and record
the beginning and progress of leading women's organiza-
tions. Mary Ross in the Book Section of the New York
Herald Tribune terms the work, "an enlightening and
entertaining record of a century of transition. Colonial
exigencies and the earliest years of the republic pushed
to the front a number of able women whose stories form
a prelude to Mrs. Irwin's story. This exceptionally clear
work traces the drive of women toward new hopes and
ambitions, despite ridicule, and often persecution."
Angels and Amazons was published at the time of
the International Congress of Women arranged by the
National Council of Women held in Chicago during the
international exposition A Century of Progress.
One of the Committee of Selection states that it was
chosen as one of the hundred best books by American
women as "All women in America should read this bril-
liant, thoughtful resume of their progress and be proud."
Inez Haynes Irwin was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
She attended the Girls High School and the Normal
School of Boston; later was a special student at Radcliffe
College. She is the wife of the eminent writer and
lecturer, Will Irwin.
Mrs. Irwin has been a frequent contributor to English
and American periodicals, and also a correspondent for
various magazines in France, Italy and England, With
Maud Wood Park, she founded the National College
Equal Suffrage League. She is a member of the National
Advisory Council of the National Women's Party.
[ 30 ]
She was the first woman elected President of the
Authors* League of America. Mrs. Irwin won the O.
Henry Memorial Prize for the best short story in 1914?
and is author of over twenty-five books.
THE STORY OF MY LIFE
By HELEN ADAMS KELLER
"HpHIS book is indeed unique. The story itself and the
J- years of effort which have made its telling possible,
the personality which it reveals, and the creation of that
personality, these are things which seem little short of
miraculous. The narrative of a young woman who has
been deaf and blind from infancy is written in a style
which is not only idiomatic, but individual and rhyth-
mical. As one reads, one forgets to make allowances for
limitations which are apt to slip out of sight, until a
chance phrase recalls one with a start to the realization
that the mind which deals so freely and normally with
the ordinary factors of human life dwells forever in
silence and the dark." Atlantic Monthly.
Tuscumbia, Alabama, was the birthplace of Helen
Keller, June 27, 1880. A severe illness deprived her of
sight, speech and hearing. At the age of seven, her educa-
tion started under the guidance of Anna Mansfield Sulli-
van (Mrs. John A. Macy) of the Perkins Institute for the
Blind. Mrs. Macy made her life work the education of this
receptive and sensitive child. At the age of ten, Helen
Keller learned to speak under the instruction of Mary
Fuller of the Horace Mann School.
In 1896, in preparation for college. Miss Keller en-
tered the Cambridge School for Young Ladies. Mrs. Macy
went to all the classes with her, and repeated the lectures
and discussion by touch. In 1900, Helen Keller entered
Radcliffe and graduated four years later with honors,
having mastered several languages. After graduation,
1 31 ]
Helen Keller served on the Massachusetts Committee for
the blind and various other groups to aid the blind.
Today, she is lecturing throughout the world and dedi-
cating her life to the advancement of the work of the
American Federation for the Blind.
Among other books by Helen Keller are Optimism;
The World 1 Live In; Song of the Stone Wall; Out of the
A NEW ENGLAND GIRLHOOD
By LUCY LARCOM
K one phase of New England life, we do not know
where to look to find a more perfect image than in
Miss Larconi's A New England Girlhood, . . . Nothing
brings before the mind so vividly the rupture between
the New England of one generation ago and that of today
as to read these pages written by a woman in the vigor of
her days, who is recalling both the circumstances of her
own childhood and an order of society which has been
swept away, not by any cataclysm, but by the rapid
movement of two forces, one force within and one from
without. Miss Larcom's personal history as known to most
readers is associated especially with the period of our in-
dustrial history when Lowell and Lawrence and other
manufacturing centers of New England were alive with
the activity of descendants of the English settlers in New
England, and no doubt the portion of her reminiscences
which is devoted to her years in Lowell will be read with
peculiar interest. . . > Miss Larcom has given a delightful
picture of a New England girl a generation ago, but no
succession of generations can obliterate the lines which
coincide with those of every open-minded child. *' At-
lantic Monthly, March, 1 890.
Lucy Larcom, born at Beverly Farm, Massachusetts,
lived in the period between 1824 and 1893 and was well-
c 3* i
known as an American poet. She worked in a factory as
a girl in Lowell, Massachusetts, and was a contributor to
the Lowell Offering, a magazine published by the workers
in the cotton mills. For a time she attended the Monti-
cello Seminary at Godfrey, Illinois, and later taught
school, though the major part of her life was devoted to
Miss Larcom was editor for eight years of "Our Young
Folks" from i$66 to 1874. Among her books are Road-
side Poems; Hillside and Seaside Poetry; Poor Lone
By AMY LOVELX
IS scholarly life brings to public notice an amount
of new material never before published s gives a re-
valuation of Keats* character and a new interpretation
of Fanny Brawne/* Wisconsin Library Bidletin.
"Miss Lowell's interpretation of Keats 5 character is
clear cut, subtle and convincing* A few of Miss Lowell's
opinions are challenging. But even when she fails to carry
complete assent to her opinions she is suggestive in the
extreme; and I wish to take leave of her biography on no
note of disagreement but to salute it in all admiration as
a masterly piece of work," stated S. C. Chew in North
One judge commented that "Amy Lowell possessed
probably the largest collection of documents regarding
the tragic life of Keats in existence her account of his
work and psychology is sympathetic and convincing/*
Amy Lowell was bom February 9, 1874, at Brookline,
Massachusetts, Her education began in private schools.
She also traveled abroad extensively. Her early days were
spent in intensive work, studying French poetry, and she
took up the art of poetry about 1902,. Amy Lowell was
[ 33 ]
considered the leader of the Imagist School of Poetry.
Her life was devoted to her writing and with rapid strides
she developed into one of the foremost poets of the day.
Among her books are Sword Blades and Poppy Seeds;
Dome of Many Coloured Glass; Can Grande's Castle.
PERE MARQUETTE, Priest, Pioneer and Adventurer
By AGNES REPPLIER
A BIOGRAPHY of the French Jesuit missionary to
the American Indians who, with Joliet, first ex-
plored the headwaters of the Mississippi and died from
hardships before he was forty.
"Everything that discriminating mankind most
cherishes in its best reading is to be found in this ex-
traordinary book a great story, greatly told; human
characters, moving and suffering; great deeds for great
ends; great perils bravely withstood; great difficulties
vanquished." New York Herald Tribune,
F. F. Van de Water said in the New York Evening Post,
January 19, 1929: "Little enough is known of Pere Mar-
quette, but that little his latest biographer has told with
sympathy and tenderness. The great-hearted, fragile co-
explorer of the Mississippi emerges clear and lovable from
Miss Repplier's pages."
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, may claim the distinction
of being the birthplace of Agnes Repplier, April i, 1858.
Her education was at the Sacred Heart Convent, Torres-
dale, Pennsylvania. She has been honored with the degree
of Doctor of Literature by the University of Pennsyl-
vania, Yale University and Columbia, Miss Repplier
spent a number of years abroad and is well known as one
of the foremost essayists of the present time. Her brilliant
career has brought a long list of books, among them:
Books and Men; Points of View; Essays in Miniature;
[ 34 ]
Essays in Idleness; Philadelphia The Place and the Peo-
ple; Points of Friction; and a compilation called A Book
of famous Verse.
MY BROTHER, THEODORE ROOSEVELT
By CORINNE ROOSEVELT ROBINSON
**A SISTER'S interpretation of a world-wide per-
*- sonality written in an intimate and chatty style
and illustrated with reproduction of numerous photo-
graphs and facsimiles of some of Roosevelt's letters with
his own droll illustrations. The chapter on home life
in the White House contains an interesting list of his
favorite books comprising the famous 'pig-skin library*
which he carried with him on his travels." Cleveland Li-
The author says in her preface, "In giving to the public
these almost confidential personal recollections, I do so be-
cause of the attitude of that very public toward my
brother. There is no sacrifice in sharing such memories
with the people who have loved him and. whom he loved
Corinne Roosevelt Robinson is a sister of Theodore
Roosevelt. In her own right a poet of note and lecturer,
Mrs. Robinson sustained the laurels of her parentage even
as her brother did in his channels of activity. Mrs. Robin-
son was born in New York City in 1861 and studied
under private tutors. In 1882 she married Douglas Robin-
son. She served as a member of the Executive Committee
of the Republican National Committee and, under Presi-
dent Coolidge's administration, was a member of his
Advisory Committee. She was one of the founders of
Roosevelt House, the birthplace and home of the Roose-
velts, which is now a museum containing mementos of
Theodore Roosevelt and shelves of books written by him,
[ 35 ]
Among her books, both poetry and prose, are The Call
of Brotherhood; Out of Nymph; One Woman to An-
other; Service and Sacrifice; and Collected Poems.
STORY OF A PIONEER
"By ANNA HOWARD SHAW
"TN COLLABORATION with Miss Elizabeth Jordon,
A Anna Howard Shaw, the President, in 1915, of the Na-
tional American Woman Suffrage Association, tells the
inspiring story of her life from her strenuous youth in
the Michigan backwoods of fifty years ago, her career as
a Methodist preacher, ordained minister, teacher, doctor,
lecturer and suffrage worker and leader. Mrs. Shaw writes
as she speaks, straightforwardly and with keen observa-
tion, humor and a rich fund of anecdote." Cleveland
Public Library Bulletin.
Anna Howard Shaw was born in Newcastle-on-Tyne,
England, February 14, 1847. At the age of four, she
came to the United States. Early student days were spent
at Albion College. In 1878 she graduated at Boston Uni-
versity of Theology and in 1885 became a physician with
an M.D. from Boston University, She paid her expenses
for an education by preaching and lecturing and was
made Pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Hing-
ham, Massachusetts. The New England Conference re-
fused her ordination because of her sex, so she was or-
dained in the Protestant Methodist church in 1880, being
the first woman ordained by that denomination. In 1885
she resigned to lecture for the Massachusetts Woman's
Suffrage Association and later served as President of the
National Association during the period from 1904 to
1915. On her retirement from that office, she was made
Honorary President. The fact that Congress passed the
suffrage amendment shortly after her death was in large
measure due to the years of service she gave the cause.
LIFE OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
By IDA M. TARBELL
HTHE BOSTON TRANSCRIPT thus verifies the
-"** permanent importance of this volume as a contribu-
tion to American letters and a source of knowledge about
Abraham Lincoln and his contribution to the world and
history: "The seventeen years since the first publication
of the book have strengthened the verdict then given that
it is one of the most vivid and authentic biographies ever
written of *the first American.' " It is illustrated with
many reproductions from original paintings, photographs
and other material.
Ida M. Tarbell was born in Erie County, Pennsylvania,
on November 5, 1857. Her life has been one of varied
activities from her student days in Paris at the Sorbonne
and College of France, to editorial work for The Chau-
tauqna, McClnre's Magazine, and Associate Editor of the
For twenty years Miss Tarbell has served as President
of the Pen and Brush Club in New York City. She has
five college degrees and is one of the few women members
of the Author's Club. She is a member of the American
History Association and also the Society of English
Journalists. She was a member of President Wilson's In-
dustrial Conference in 1919 and President Har ding's
Among her works are: Short Life of Napoleon Bona-
parte; Life of Madame Roland; History of the Standard
Oil Co.; The Business of Being a Woman; New Ideals in
Business; Life of Judge Gary.
[ 37 ]
GLIMPSES OF FIFTY YEARS
By FRANCES WILLARD
LIMPSES OF FIFTY YEARS is explained in its sub-
" title, "The Autobiography of an American
Woman." The book is a summary of a life devoted to
reform and the intricacies of the work relative to it.
Frances Willard has woven into the book not only a
record of the work, but the strength of the woman who
worked for "the cause.** The virility of her personality
is felt through all its pages.
"A notable biography of a notable woman" is the way
one of the Committee describes this book.
Frances Willard was born in Churchville, near Ro-
chester, New York, on September 28, 1839. Her early
education was at Oberlin College and later her parents
moved to Illinois where she graduated at Northwestern
Female College at Evanston in 1859. She became Pro-
fessor of Aesthetics in the University and was made Presi-
dent of the Woman's College in 1871. Her active temper-
ance work was begun in 1874 and she was made secretary
of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union,
later becoming its President, which office she held till her
death. The World's Christian Temperance Union made
her President and she went to England to give extensive
lectures. It has been estimated that over a period of ten
years she averaged at least one lecture a day, besides writ-
ing articles and doing other work incidental to her
Other volumes include Women in the "Pulpit and My
Happy Half Century. She was editor in chief of the
"The stage but echoes back the public voice"
WHEN LADIES MEET
By RACHEL CROTHERS
WHEN LADIES MEET, awarded the $500 prize of
the Dramatists* Guild, in 1933, was first produced
in New York, October, 1932.
The Theatre Arts Monthly of December, the same
year, cleverly commented on the play and its author in
a paragraph: "Rachel Crothers has a faculty for wise
and witty talk at its glowing best, in When Ladies
Meet which allows her gaily and almost brazenly to
utilize accidental meetings, convenient thunder-showers
and such time-worn devices to make her plays behave as
she wants them to, without ever becoming wearisome."
"This variation of the triangle theme has for its main
characters Mary Howard, an intelligent young authoress;
Rogers Woodruff, her publisher with whom she is in love;
Claire, Rogers* very charming and keen-witted wife; and
Jimmie, a journalist very much in love with Mary. In
his attempt to bring Mary to her senses, Jimmie pre-
cipitates an unexpected climax." Book "Review Digest.
"Excellently written by one of America's outstanding
playwrights," comments a Committee member.
Rachel Crothers was born in Bloomington, Illinois, in
1878. She was educated at the State Normal School.
From her highly productive pen have come many plays:
The Three of Us; The Coming of Mrs. Patrick; Myself-
[ 39 ]
Bettina; A Man's World; Ourselves: Young Wisdom;
The Heart of Paddy Whack; Once Upon a Time; He and
She; Nice People; Everyday; Mary the Third; Expressing
Willie; Old Lady 3 r, from the novel. With Kate Douglas
Wiggins, she adapted Mother Carey's Chickens.
Miss Crothers stages and directs her own plays. She
has appeared in several productions and took the leading
part in her own play He and She. She is a member of
the Authors League and the Society of American Dram-
atists, and was founder of the Stage Women's War Relief.
THE POOR LITTLE RICH GIRL
By ELEANOR GATES
HPHE story is about a little girl, named Gwendolyn,
J- who craved the affection of her mother and father,
but "her father was busy down-town grinding out
money, and her mother was busy up-town spending it,*'
as the Metropolitan Magazine aptly described it, continu-
ing "A child has just so much love and so much mis-
chief in its system. If denied the expression of its love
it exercises its prerogative for mischief the more, and that
is what Gwendolyn did." Through the child's serious ill-
ness, and her final recovery, the father and mother come
to the realization of their great neglect and change their
The Poor Little Rich Girl is almost synonymous with
the name of Mary Pickf ord for her early career on the
stage was in the characterization of little Gwendolyn*
and later she appeared in it when it was adapted to
One judge stated: "I consider this by far the best play
written by a woman in my time."
Eleanor Gates was born in Shakopee, Minnesota, on
September 26, 1875. She attended both the University of
California and Stanford University. Her first husband
[ 40 ]
was Richard Walton Tully and later she married Freder-
ick Ferdinand Moore.
Her works, both novels and plays, include: The Biog-
raphy of a Prairie Girl; The Plow Woman; Good Night;
Cupid, the Cow Punch; The Justice of Gideon; Sin-
ners; We are Seven; Apron Strings; Fire; Delilah the
By SUSAN GLASPELL
TpHE action of the play takes place the last day in the
*- year of the i^th century, December 31, 1899. The
family of a famous American poetess is preparing to
close the old homestead as the poetess has been dead for
many years and her aged sister cannot be left alone any
longer. The sister, disturbed by the unaccustomed com-
motion in closing the house, becomes agitated and
wanders about helplessly, and with the passing of the
century she too goes to join her sister. But just before
her passing she gives a portfolio of her sister's unpublished
poems to her niece.
Harry Hansen wrote in the New York World, Decem-
ber 23, 1930: "The reader will find the story of Emily
Dickinson coming between himself and Miss GlaspelFs
play every now and then . . . Miss GlaspelPs task was
difficult; she had to tell the story and also convey some-
thing of the evanescent character of Alison herself. . . .
There are excellent emotional passages toward the latter
part of the play. It makes us wish that Miss Glaspell
would write more often for the theatre."
Otis Chatfield-Taylor observed in The Outlook, "Her
characters are all real people still living under the spell
of the retiring, yet strangely powerful personality of
the dead woman . . . call her Alison or Emily."
Alison's House won for its author the Pulitzer Prize
for plays in 1930,
Susan Glaspell was born in Davenport, Iowa, July i,
1882, and was educated in the public schools there;
later she attended Drake University, receiving the degree
Her versatility is revealed through the variety of her
writings which include novels, plays and biography.
Among them are The Glory of the Conquered; The
Visiomng; Lifted Masks; Fidelity; Suppressed Desires;
Inheritors; The Verge; The Road to the Temple. She was
a founder of the Provincetown Players and her first plays
were written as a member of that organization.
By JOSEPHINE PRESTON PEABODY
WITH the heart of a poet and a dramatist, Josephine
Preston Peabody embodied both points of view in
her writings. In this play the Piper, as in the legend of
the "Pied Piper," lures the children away but only to a
nearby cave where he provides entertainment for them.
Through an interesting continuation of the story, com-
bined with an original adaptation, the play endows the
character of the Piper with great interest and charm.
The Nation reviewed the play by saying: "This is a
little poetic play of uncommon quality, having distinct
literary and dramatic value," and The Times adds, "on
the stage its full beauty would be manifest."
Josephine Preston Peabody, (Mrs. L. S. Markes) was
born in New York in 1874, and attended the Girls* Latin
School in Boston, later Radcliife College. She served as
instructor in English Literature at Wellcsley College
from 1901 to 1903.
Her writings include: Old Greek Folk Stones; The
Wayfarers, a book of verse; For time and Men's Eyes; New
Poems with a Play; Marlowe; The Singing Leaves; Pan-
a-Choric Idyl; The Wings; The Book of the Little Past
[ 4* ]
The "Piper, written in 1909, obtained the Stratford-on-
Avon Prize in 1910. It was produced in England, and in
1911 in America.
By ANNA CORA MOFFATT RITCHIE
A RTHUR H. QUINN, in his Representative American
JL X Plays, aptly describes Fashion with this historical
note: "While not our first dramatic social satire, it is of
special interest as inspiring a series of plays dealing with
the follies of those who aspire to secure an assured posi-
tion without being aware of social values."
Fashion was produced at the Park Theatre, New York,
March 24, 1845. It ran for three weeks and was with-
drawn only owing to engagements of stars at the Park
Theatre. It was played in Philadelphia at the Walnut
Street Theatre at the same time. The success of this play
induced Mrs. Ritchie to go on the stage.
Fashion was reviewed by Edgar Allan Poe in the Broad-
way Journal, March 29, 1845. The review is reprinted in
the Virginia edition of his works, Volume 12.
Anna Cora Moffatt Ritchie, actress and author, was
born in Bordeaux, France, in 1819, being the daughter
of S. G. Ogden, a merchant of New York. The family
remained in France until 1826 and then returned to
New York where Anna was educated. At sixteen, she
married James Moffatt, a young lawyer. She started
writing for the stage about this time, her first play,
Gulzara or The Persian Slave, being produced in New
York in 1840. Beginning in Boston on October 28, 1841,
she gave a very successful series of public readings.
Adopting the pen name of Helen Barkley, she achieved
recognition as the author of magazine stories and novels.
Shortly after Fashion was produced, she made her first
stage appearance as Pauline in Bulwer's Lady of Lyons.
In June 1854 she left the stage. Her first husband having
[ 43 ]
died, she married W. F. Ritchie. One of her best known
books is The Autobiography of an Actress, issued in 1854.
By LULU VOLLMER
SUN-UP is an interpretation of the life of those na-
tives of America who have retained the primitive
culture of their predecessors. Its theme is the reaction in
that setting, of a mother, whose son goes to war.
Sun-up was first produced by the Beechwood Players
at Scarborough, New York. Later it was presented at the
Provincetown Theatre, Lenox Hill Theatre, Princess
Theatre, then at the LaSalle Theatre, Chicago. Arrange-
ments followed for its London production and the Italian
rights were also purchased.
The Illustrated London News of May 30, 1925 re-
ported, "The performance of that remarkable play,
Sun-up, in which Miss Lucile La Verne has made such a
decisive hit, gives us much to think/*
"A valuable representation of American folklore" is
the opinion of the Committee of Selection.
Lulu Vollmer was born in Keyser, North Carolina, and
received her education in the Episcopal Church boarding
schools, followed by three years in the Normal and
Collegiate Institute at Asheville. While there, she came in
contact with the mountain women of that section who
brought their "wares" to the Institute. Later, she used
them as characters in her writings. Each summer she
spent in the surrounding hill country. Even as a girl she
began writing and directing plays. Following graduation
she became a reporter. In Atlanta she conducted a daily
column in a theatrical paper known as Atlanta Pilot,
which gave her a close-up of actors and actresses and was
a factor in the development of her writing along dra-
matic lines, later she moved to New York City. Among
her plays are Jule; The Shame Woman; The Dunce Boy.
[ 44 ]
**Words are things; and a small drop of ink,,
Falling like dew upon a thought, produces
That which makes thousands 9 perhaps millions,
ON UNDERSTANDING WOMEN
By MARY BEARD
TORINNE PRUETTE has written, "Mary Beard is no
-* ' raw recruit to feminism, no impatient youth tilting
a! lance against old prejudices, but as a student of society,
a worker who has already found her stride, and an un-
orthodox historian, she has managed to produce one of
the most objective books ever written on the subject of
women. . . .**
This book reveals the place taken by -women in the
progress of civilization from the origin of the domestic
arts, through the rise of intellectualism, the contest for
political and military power, to the development of
Christianity and the growth of modern democracy and
Freda Kirchwey of The Nation, wrote in the Saturday
Review of Literature: "The author has done what she set
out to do with a good deal of deftness; she has repopulated
the ages with female members of the human race. She
puts in their proper places the achievements of persons
whose names have generally been ignored or whose work
has been minimized because they were women. . . ."
C 45 ]
Mary Ritter Beard was born in Indianapolis, Indiana.
She received a Ph.B. from De Pauw University in 1897
and did postgraduate work at Columbia. In 1900 she
married Charles A. Beard and has collaborated with him
in her writings, the best known work being the two
volumes titled The Rise of American Civilization.
Mrs. Beard has had long experience in labor and suf-
frage movements and has studied and traveled in Europe
and the Orient. Her volumes include: Woman's Work in
Municipalities; A Short History of the American Labor
Movement; The History of the United States.
LETTERS FROM NEW YORK
By LYDIA MARIA CHILD
TETTERS from New York were first written for the
*-/ Boston Courier, then under the charge of Joseph T.
Buckingham. "They were the precursors of that modern
school of newspaper correspondence In which women
have so large a share and which has something of the
charm of a woman's private letters, a style of writing
where description preponderates over argument and sta-
tistics make way for fancy and enthusiasm. Many have
since followed in this path. Others may have equalled
her, but she gave us a new sensation and that epoch was
perhaps the climax of her purely literary career," states
Thomas W. Higginson in his Contemporaries.
According to a survey by the Atlantic Monthly; "Her
formative period was that curious and interesting one
when there was a serene and not self-conscious provin-
cialism in New England; when foreign and ancient litera-
ture and life were quietly measured by standards kept in
the neighborhood of Boston Common; when there was a
flower of culture which was entirely of native growth and
production; when New York was a remote and interest-
ing region to be reported by travelers; and when all <jues-
tions of philosophy and religion were to be determined
with a calm disregard of the rest of the world."
Bedford, Massachusetts, was the birth place of Lydia
Maria Child on February 16, 1802. In 1826 she founded
the Juvenile Miscellany. She published a novel in 1835,
PMotkea, which is often spoken of as her best book. The
North American Review, then the chief authority on
literary criticism, gave her front rank among American
women authors of that time. She and her husband edited
the Anti-Slavery Standard in which appeared Letters
from New York, later published in two volumes, in
In the fifties, Mrs. Child moved with her husband to
Wayland, Massachusetts, where she lived quietly until
her death on October 20, 1880.
GODEY'S LADY'S BOOK
Edited by SARAH J. HALE
I! UTH R. FINLEY, in her book on Sarah J. Hale, the
-*-*>- editor of this famous magazine, writes: "I dis-
covered the real Godey's Lady's Book something quite
distinct as a whole from the quaint fashion prints that
now alone recall this old-time periodical. Here almost
a century ago were the beginings of the various depart-
ments cookery, beauty, health, architecture, gardening,
interior decoration so highly developed in today's home
magazines. All was handled very differently, yet with an
amazingly modern touch. * . . Then I discovered that
these departments of Godey's, and its fiction and features
as well, contained all kinds of first hand information
about the customs, habits, and viewpoints of a bygone
America concerning which, though constituting our im-
mediate yesterday, little has been written. . . . But soon
it was evident, not only that most of the great literary
[ 47 ]
names of nineteenth century America were signed to
Lady's Book articles, but that these contributors were
marshaled as part of a carefully conducted plan or edito-
rial policy having to do mainly with education. Some-
body was putting up a good fight for children and
women and was especially concerned for the latter*s
intellectual and economic freedom.**
Sarah Josepha Buell Hale was born at Newport, New
Hampshire, October 24, 1788. She was educated at
home and married David Hale, a lawyer, in 1813. He
died nine years later, leaving her five children to support.
In 1828 she went to Boston to become editor of the
Ladies 9 Magazine, which was the first periodical in
America published for women. In 1837 this magazine
was removed to Philadelphia and united with Godey*$
Lady's Book. Mrs. Hale was editor of the Literary De-
partment until 1877. She originated the Seaman's Aid
Society in Boston and urged the observance of a Thanks-
giving Day which President Lincoln adopted in 1864.
She died in Philadelphia on April 30, 1879.
POETS AND THEIR ART
By HARRIET MONROE
TTARRIET MONROE made a place for herself as a
* -* discoverer of young talent at a time when American
poetry needed such a discoverer. In "Poets and Theif
Art, she deals with poets of an older day with the acumen
which she applied to the newer writers.
"She gives us the best summary of H. D. that has
been written. After sympathetic essays on the older
poets, Miss Monroe modestly hides in the back of her
book two chapters on the rhythms of English verse
which I hope every lover of poetry, as well as poets them-
selves, will find," is the comment in The New Republic.
[ 48 1
"It contains brief and highly original studies of Old
World masters and commentaries upon the poetic art and
temperament. The least that can be said is that it in-
creases the debt which poets and poetry already owe to
its author." Independent.
Harriet Monroe was born in 1860 in Chicago, where
she still lives and continues her activities as a poet and
editor of Poetry, A Magazine of Verse of which she is also
the founder. Miss Monroe graduated from the Visitation
Academy of Georgetown, D. C., and was given the hon-
orary degree of Doctor of Literature by Baylor Uni-
versity, in Waco, Texas, in 1920. She wrote the Co-
lumbian Ode for the dedication ceremonies on the four
hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America,
October 21, 1892.
Among her books are: Valeria and Other Poems; John
Welborn Root, a Memoir; The Passing Show; 'You and
1; The Difference; Other Poems.
PAPERS ON LITERATURE AND ART
BY SARAH MARGARET FULLER OSSOLI
/CERTAINLY the best review of these Papers can be
^-* found in the Introduction by Horace Greeley. But
this quotation from the old Democratic Review also has
its worth: "May her remarks be cherished!" writes some
anonymous supporter. So much concession in the direc-
tion of praise in a generation when Margaret Fuller's
type of blue-stocking activity was not always kindly
commented on, is worth much. It shows that this astute
woman's analysis of American literature, of literary criti-
cism, of the lives of the great composers as well as of
journalism, in the United States of her time, made no
bid to special consideration, but demanded to be accepted
upon merit of its own.
[ 49 ]
Margaret Fuller had a mind which, because it was
more virile than most feminine minds of her time, was
catagorized as masculine. In reality she had a good
mind, not necessarily a masculine one. She exhibited
simply in the Papers on Literature and Art, as elsewhere,
that she could think clearly, write accurately and or-
Cambridge, Massachusetts, was the birthplace of Mar-
garet Fuller, on May 3, 1810. She was the eldest of eight
children. At fifteen she was considered a prodigy. She
taught school in Boston and Providence. In 1840, she
became the principal editor of The Dial, a journal
devoted to transcendental philosophy. She wrote at this
time Summer on the Lakes and Women in the Nine-
teenth Century, both outstanding volumes to this day.
In 1 844 she went to New York to become literary critic
of the Tribune and two years later sailed for Europe
and traveled extensively, finally locating in Rome. There
she married Giovanni Angelo, Marquis Ossoli. While re-
turning to this country in 1850, she and her child and
her husband were drowned in a severe storm.
"The greatest -merit of fiction," says
Sir Arthur Helps, et is that it creates and
LITERARY BREVITIES OF JOHN G. WIGHT
By GERTRUDE ATHERTON
E subtitle of this volume concisely sums up its
*- contents: "The true and romantic story of Alex-
ander Hamilton." The Pittsburgh Library Bulletin de-
scribes it as: "Neither fiction nor biography, pure and
simple, but a mingling of both, which one critic has
called 'dramatized biography.* "
Determined to make of the book something more than
just the usual biography or historical novel, Mrs. Ather-
ton visited the West Indies in search of local color and
facts about the early life and ancestors of her subject.
As a result there is a skeleton of authenticated fact,
admirably filled out by romantic embroidery which is
excellent reading. According to The Dial it "reads like
serious history . . .**
Gertrude Atherton was born in California in the year
1857 and was educated in private school. She married
George H. Bowen Atherton.
She was made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor in
1925. Over thirty-five books are from her pen, many
having been among the most successful books of their
respective years. Among them are The Jealous Gods;
r 5* 3
Black Oxen; Rczanov; The Doomswoman; and Dido,
Queen of Hearts, which she wrote in celebration of the
THE GOOD EARTH
By PEARL BUCK
HpHIS story of Chinese peasant life is a powerful epic
J- of the soil, in particular, of one man's pride in and
love for his land. Wang Lung, a young farmer, marries
O-lan, an honest, faithful though plain woman, who
bears him sons. At first the earth is good and they enjoy
prosperity. Then with a crop failure conies dire poverty,
and famine forces them south to beg their food. But
Vang Lung never gives up his land and eventually is
enabled to go back to it again, prosper year by year, and
build up a great landed manor; to hoard silver, own
slaves, and take unto himself a pretty second wife. His
sons are a disappointment to him. They grow up, are
educated and marry but not one has his father's love
for the soil Over the dying body of the old one they
plan to sell this land and move as rich men to the city."
The Book Review Digest
As Paul Hutchison observed in the Christian Century,
"About once a year I stumble on a book that really stirs
my emotions, it becomes a living thing to me; I an-
swer to its words, its moods, its unvoiced whisperings as
one answers to the companionship of a friend. When I
have finished reading it I cannot be satisfied until I have
brought others within the circle of its magic. Now I have
found another of the same sort, The Good Earth."
It is fitting that Pearl Buck should write of China for
she was born in the ancient City of Yochow, far in the
interior of the country. Her parents were American
Missionaries. Her old Chinese nurse used to tell her
[ 5* 3
stories of the countries and imbued the young spirit with
the background of the country.
Before she started to write novels, she spent ten years
reading the novels of China, an indication of her knowl-
edge of that difficult language.
DEATH COMES FOR THE ARCHBISHOP
By WILLA CATHER
story tells how a young man, Jean Marie Latour,
-* once a seminarist in Auvergne, rode with difficulty
into the newly erected territory of New Mexico as Vicar
Apostolic, and of the wise and good works he wrought
there for many years, until, mourned by all his people,
"the old Archbishop lay before the high altar in the
church he built." L. W. Dodd in the Saturday Review
of Literature further states "by putting unforgettably
before us the life of Father Latour, Miss Cather has
also given us truth, has brought to us a quintessence
distilled from a given region, with all its forms and
modes of being, throughout a selected, unifying stretch
of years, but that is not all. The love of these two men
(Father Vaillant and Father Latour) for each other,
for their God, their church, and their body-breaking and
often heart-breaking tasks . . . makes this book a grave,
uplifting hymn of spiritual beauty."
Willa Cather is admitted to be one of the outstanding
women writers of our period. She was born in Winchester,
Virginia, December 7, 1876. She is a graduate of the
University of Nebraska, and holds the degrees of B.A.,
LittJCX, and LL.D. From 1906 to 1912 Miss Cather was
editor of McClure's "Magazine.
From the very beginning in 1903 when her April
Twilights and The Troll Garden made their appearance,
she demonstrated many strains which later achieved full
[ 53 ]
flower. With The Song of the Lark and My Antonfa,
Miss Gather emerged as an artist of rare sensitivity to the
diverse elements which make up American life.
My Antonia was a Pulitzer Prize Novel. Some of her
other Books are: One of Ours; A Lost Lady; The Pro-
fessor's Hous-e; Shadows on the Rock.
By MARIA CUMMINS
THIS interesting story is laid in New York City, the
early part of the nineteenth century. Published in
1853, The Lamplighter was instantly popular, over
40,000 copies being sold within two months. It was re-
published in England, where it was received with even
greater approbation, and the sale reached upward of
120,000 copies. The work is one of the noted successes
in American fiction, being exceeded only by novels like
Ben Hitr and Uncle Tom's Cabin.
A typical comment in a review which reveals the
times when the book appeared, describes it as **A moral
book; diffuse, sentimental and exclamatory/*
The Lamplighter is described by one of the Committee
who selected it for this honor list as "a book which has
delighted generations of children/*
Maria Susanna Cummins was one of the group of New
England authors. She was born on April 9, 1827, and
her father, Judge David Cummins, took a personal in-
terest in her education from the very start. Her intimate
association with him during her earlier years did much
towards determining the direction of her literary work,
and his encouragement helped to develop her aspirations.
She attended Mrs. Charles Sedgwick's school at Lenox
to finish her education, after which she began to con-
tribute short stories to the Atlantic Monthly and other
[ 54 ]
magazines. When she was twenty-seven she published
Several years later appeared I/Label Vaugban, which
is considered by some critics even superior to her first
book. She died in Dorchester, October i, 1866.
By EDNA FERBER
* sr ]pHE scene of the earlier part of Show Boat is a float-
*- ing theatre which twice a year was towed up and down
the Mississippi River from St. Louis to New Orleans,
regaling the people of the river towns along the way
with presentations of East Lynne, St. Elmo and other
old-time favorites. Magnolia, daughter of Captain Andy
Hawkes, was the admired leading lady on this variety
stage, but left it to follow the troubled fortunes of her
gambler husband in Chicago. The career of Magnolia's
daughter, Kirn, who became famous on the New York
stage continues the story to the present." The Book Re-
Show Boat is known the world around, having been
made available to the public in book form, as a play, as
a motion picture and as a radio presentation. It is sig-
nificant not only for its success at the time of its first
performance, but for the period over which that popu-
larity is keeping it actively before the public eye.
A judge in choosing Show Boat as one of the hundred
best books by women describes it as "a pageant in fiction."
Miss Ferber was born in Kalamazoo, Michigan, August
15, 1887. She received her education in public schools
and was graduated from the High School of Appleton,
Wisconsin. Dawn Q*Hara, released in 1911, is generally
given as her first book and her talent was immediately
apparent. Among succeeding works are Buttered Side
Down; Roast Beef Medium; So Big; Mother Knows
[ 55 ]
Best. Miss Ferber has also worked as co-author with
George V. Hobart and George S. Kaufman, a recent
collaboration being The Royal Family y a trenchant,
witty comedy which was an immediate success*
THE DEEPENING STREAM
By DOROTHY CAN FIELD FISHER.
e *nPHE story of Matey Gilbert opens when she is four
*- years old and takes her through the early years of
her married life. Her father is a professor of French
and some of her life is spent abroad. Everybody con-
siders the Gilbert's a beautifully cultured home, but the
sensitive and honest Matey realizes that all is not well
in that home. Her honesty and power of love and un-
derstanding help her to make her own marriage some-
thing beautiful and permanent/* is the concise summary
of the Book. Keview Digest.
"Dorothy Canfield's novels have always been forth-
right and courageous, but in none, I think, has she sus-
tained the intensity that she pours into this story of a
hurt child and stifled young girl and the quiet victory
of love and honesty.*' Books, October 12, 1930.
Dorothy Canfield Fisher was born, February 17, 1879,
in Lawrence, Kansas, educated at the Ohio State Uni-
versity and Columbia University and Middlebury Col-
lege in Vermont. Miss Canfield holds a Ph.D. degree
from Ohio State College of 1899; one from Columbia
and an honorary degree of Doctor of Literature from
Vermont. On May 9, 1907, she married John Redwood
Fisher. Among her early works are Corneille and Ratine
and English Rhetoric and Composition in collaboration
with G. R. Carpenter. Her later works include The
Montesorri Mother; Mothers and Children; Hilhboro
People; The Bent Twig; The Real Motive; fcttow-
Captains; The Home Maker; Her Son's Wife.
THE LED-HORSE CLAIM
By MARY HALLOCK FOOTE
""DOMANCE in a realistic setting a California Romeo
-*^- and Juliet, ending happily. The feud is between
two mining superintendents, and the wild and perilous
life of the region gives a specific character to the story,"
reported E. A. Baker in Best Fiction. According to the
Standard Catalog this is "One of the finest descriptions
of mining life in the West. Story of a feud between the
rival mining camps and of the love affair of the sister
of one of the mine superintendents."
The London Academy commented on the author's
style of writing; "The reader is to expect his satisfaction
to arise from carefully drawn types of character and
dramatic fitness of detail in which event he will not
Mary Hallock Foote was born November 19, 1847,
at Milton, New York. At the School of Design for
Women in New York her art tendencies were developed
and for a time she was a magazine illustrator. This train-
ing had its effect upon her literary work. When she be-
gan writing short stories, she illustrated them with her
own drawings. After marrying Arthur T. Foote, a min-
ing engineer, they went West, living in Idaho, Cali-
fornia and Colorado. The romances she wrote at that
time centered around life on the American frontier.
Among them were Friend Barton's Concern; A Story of
a Dry Season; The Last Assembly Ball; The Cup of
Trembling; The JfrodigaL Into her stories dealing with
mining life in Montana were woven the various labor
questions of the time.
[ 57 ]
MISS LULU BETT
By ZONA GALE
AS DESCRIBED in The Library Bulletin of the Carne-
*- gie Public Library in Pittsburgh Ulss Lulu Bett is
"A story of middle Western life centering about a spinster
who longs for sympathy and an escape from a cheerless
life of drudgery in her sister's household." According
to comment in the New York Times, March 28, 1920,
"Lulu Bett herself is an exquisite piece of portrayal.
Her development during the course of the events that
befall her is logical and natural. To us it seems the best
thing Miss Gale has yet done." After the publication
of the book, it has been said Miss Gale received a letter
from a Miss Lulu Bett, a spinster, much concerned that
she had been taken as the theme of a book, as the novel,
by coincidence, closely followed her own life.
"A fine fictional study of an important aspect of
American society, which, perhaps, only a woman could
have made," is one of the reasons given by the Committee
for including M/ss Ltdu Bett in its selection.
Miss Gale was born in Portage, Wisconsin, on August
26, 1874. She went to school near home; was graduated
from Wisconsin University and received her honorary
Phi Beta Kappa from Western Reserve in 1924. In June
of 1928, she married William Llewlyn Breese of Portage.
The titles of her books are an indication of the range
of her subject-matter: Romance Island; The Loves of
Peleas and Etarre; Friendship Village; Mothers to Men;
When I Was a Little Girl; A Daughter of Tomorrow;
Preface to a Life; The Neighbors (a one-act play);
Mister "Pitt; Miss Lulu Bett. At one time she was
winner of a $2,000 prize for a 3,000 word story. Miss
Gale is a member of the Wisconsin Library Commission
and the Board of Regents of Wisconsin University,
c 58 ]
By FANNIE HURST
TJERTHA, half Swede and half Slav, was born on the
-*-* waterfront of New York. She was heavy with per-
petual silence, the sign of remote remembrance of a mixed
ancestry making her inarticulate beyond most people,
and gave the impression of great physical strength and
rather mental weakness. She worked hard as a servant
and life meant little, if anything, to her, until a young
poet sensed the drama of her uncouth self. For him an
inspired book of verse was the result of this recognition
in contrast to former mediocre attempts; to her, it
brought the Lummox ... a son, who was given over
to foster parents. Bertha, still silent, realizes how tempo-
rary was her happiness as she sees her baby taken from
her. She stumbles through until middle-age, when she
turns her starved heart toward a motherless family which
"It would not be fair to leave this novel without
some mention of the beautiful way in which it is writ-
ten," states the Boston Transcript. "Just as Bertha sym-
bolizes the earth itself in her strength and kindness,
so the entire book seems to move to vast, unheard, but
clearly sensed rhythms."
Fannie Hurst was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on
October 19, 1889. She received an A.B. degree from
Washington University and later took graduate work
at Columbia University. She made special studies of
the stage, the shop girl and her environment and also
served as waitress and saleswoman to get atmosphere
for her stories. She made a trip in the steerage across
the Atlantic to gather material, and also made a study
of Russia. Many of her books have been featured as
serials in magazines, then, after appearing in book form,
been adapted to the motion pictures. Among her books
[ 59 ]
are Jmt Around the Corner; Every Soul Hath Its Song;
Gaslight Sonatas; Hnmorcsqne; Star Dust; The Vertical
City; Mannequin; Song of Life; Back Street.
By HELEN HUNT JACKSON
HP* HE theme of Ramona is centered around the United
-IL States Indians and the treatment they received from
the government. The author was greatly interested in
bettering the conditions under which the Indians lived
and used the medium of a novel to bring out those
things which needed correction. The setting is in South-
ern California. One of the old mission Indians is the
hero. The narrative deals with old-fashioned life on the
Spanish rancho, the household, the pastoral occupations
and religious observances. It is a tragic love story which
is read, not only by "grown ups," but is also a favorite
for young girls and boys.
Over a hundred years ago, in 1 83 i, in Amherst, Massa-
chusetts, was born one of the best known writers of the
century Helen Maria Fiske Hunt Jackson her father
being a Professor at Amherst College. In 1870 when
her meditative Verses were first published, they were
praised by Emerson. As both a poet and author, she
excelled. Moving to Colorado Springs, she was ap-
pointed in 1883 a special commissioner to investigate
the conditions of the Mission Indians of California.
She also studied the early Spanish Missions. In A Century
of Dishonor, the author denounced the government's
dealings with the natives, being an ardent worker for
their cause at all times.
THE COUNTRY OF THE POINTED FIRS
By SARA ORNE JEWETT
" 7TTH the seemingly limited experience of a sum-
* * mer holiday as a starting point, Sara Orne Jewett
has given us in The Country of the Pointed Firs, a con-
tinuation of her gallery of portraits and scenes of the
rich, quiet life, the full and spiritual beauty, combined
with the keen humor of a seaside settlement in Maine.
The writer was early distinguished for her astonishing
ability to draw from life the venerable people of that
far north State. She was able to endow them with some-
thing of that lingering youthfulness, that gayety and
innocence which is to be found wherever one probes
into rustic virility. Her men are shy and unsophisticated,
but they have the added virtue of honesty; her women
are generally mothers and workers, but they, too, have
the ingredients of quaint originality and old-world grace.
There is a weather-beaten sea captain in this tale who
builds for himself and his listeners a spirit city within
the Arctic Circle, a gatherer of herbs, and other child-
like and Wordsworthian figures who make it delightful.
Sara Orne Jewett was the daughter of Theodore Her-
man Jewett, an eminent physician and surgeon. She was
born at South Berwick, Maine, on September 3, 1849.
She received her education from private tutors. She
began to write early and soon received recognition and
established a reputation which has endured. Her first
book. Deep haven, was followed by Play Days; Old
"Friends and New; A Country Doctor; Tales of New
England; The Country of the Pointed Firs. Several of
these volumes were republishd in France and England,
countries where readers found that Miss Jewett's work
gave them an accurate insight into American character,
and especially into New England life.
t i i
TO HAVE AND TO HOLD
By MARY JOHNSTON
odd and painful custom of shipping cargoes of
*- brides to the early Colonial settlements is the first
dramatic incident of Mary Johnston's quickly moving
story of old Virginia. When a beautiful maid -of -honor,
ward of the King, and favorite of the Court, flees a
libertine nobleman for whom she is destined, along with
the other brides sent out by the Company, one is im-
mediately in the thick of the historical incidents of i6zi,
She marries a stalwart, staunch settler, a famous swords-
man of the section, who defends his wife against the
nobleman. Adventure moves quickly, daringly, cfaz-
zlingly against that primitive culture which was trying
Bard to graft itself to a decadent aristocracy. The char-
acters are boldly outlined and the setting is authentic.
There are some writers whose manifest destiny, it
seems, is to interpret the land of their birth, who have
innate sympathy for the folk among whom they grow
up and a sympathetic understanding of the problems of
their immediate locale. Such a writer is Mary Johnston.
Even though she confines herself to romantic fiction,
she still manages to make the South as she knew It the
point of departure.
Mary Johnston was born on November 21, 1870, in
Buchanan, Botetourt County, Virginia. She was pri-
vately educated and lived mostly at home with her own
people. Many well known novels of the early twentieth
century came from her pen, among them: Prisoners of
Hope; Sir Mortimer; Pioneers of the Old South; The
Slave Ship; Hunting Shirt; Miss Dcltcia Allen.
By KATHLEEN NORRIS
Ty/CARGARET PA GET is a teacher, tired of her hum-
jJVJ. d ru rn schoolroom routine and everything that
goes to make up her life in a quiet up-state town in New
York. But the days take on new happiness and her whole
life is transformed as she assumes the role of Mother in
a happy home with eight little people growing up.
Ida M. Tarbell, who reviewed the book in the Inde-
pendent when it came out in 1911, said, "It is given to
few, who as the years go on, feel increasing love for a
father and mother long dead, to express that love in a
tribute so perfect as Mother."
Bookman's comment was that "occasionally there
comes along a book which for sheer beauty demands
merely a record of its recognition rather than an ex-
tended review that might contain presumptive criticism.
Mrs, Norris, in Mother, has produced just such a little
story; its charm of treatment dignifying the old about
which it is written."
Kathleen Norris was born in San Francisco on July 1 6,
1880, and has spent most of her time since in her native
state of California. She studied with private teachers and
took a special course at the University of California.
She married Charles G. Norris, also a well known nov-
elist. In 1910 she began writing short stories and has
continued to write for the leading magazines ever since.
Mother, chosen for this list, was her first book, and
through it she attained immediate recognition. There fol-
lowed: The Rich Mrs. Eurgoyne; The Story of Julia
Page; The Heart of Rachel; Joslyn's Wife; Certain
People of Importance; The Callihans and Murpbys;
Hildegarde; and others.
SCARLET SISTER MARY
By JULIA PETERKIN
book depicts life among the Gullah Negroes
in South Carolina. The story is that of Mary, a girl
of fifteen, who is married to July, the "handsomest"
young negro in the settlement. The husband soon tires
of home life and leaves for the city. Sister Mary stays
and during the ensuing years "takes the road" which
earns for her the name of Scarlet Sister Mary. When
July returns twenty years later, repentant, Mary will
not accept him, even though she still loves him. The
Book section of the New York Herald Tribune com-
mented that "Mrs. Peterkin is unsurpassed by any writer
in America. Certainly as an interpreter of the Southern
negro she is pre-eminent."
Dale "Warren in the Boston Transcript of November
10, 1928, stated: "Mrs. Peterkin's prose has a beauty and
a richness which is a balm to a distracted world. The
delicious humor of the negro, his love, his fear, his
simplicity, his religion, and his superstition, so faithfully
rendered, cry aloud from these pages. There is something
here I think that we can find nowhere else/*
Julia Peterkin is a true daughter of the South. She
was born in Laurens County, South Carolina, October
31, 1880. She received the degree of A.B. from Converse
College in Spartanburg, South Carolina, and an A.M.
from the same college. In 1903 she married George
Peterkin of Lang Syne Plantation, Fort Motte, South
Carolina, and settled down in an environment which she
knew and loved.
She is a member of the Daughters of the American
Revolution, and the Daughters of the Confederacy. Her
books include Green Thursday and Black April* Scarlet
Sister Mary was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for 1928.
THE GATES AJAR
By ELIZABETH STUART PHELPS
WRITING in The Radical in 1870, Fred M. Hol-
land makes comment which perhaps typifies the
reception accorded The Gates Ajar. "Not only is it as
deeply religious a work as ever was written, and as rich in
womanly sympathy as in childlike faith; but it further
deserves our notice as a plain and powerful protest
against the narrow, old-fashioned views of heaven still
current in hymn books, and, I fear, occasionally in the
pulpit." Mr. Holland also noted that the demand for it
has been as great and as eager "as if it were a new
novel; and one orthodox congregation out West has con-
soled itself during the absence of its pastor for the sum-
mer vacation with the hope that he would bring back
with him as his colleague, *Miss Gates Ajar.* '*
Elizabeth Stuart Phelps was born in 1844 and lived
until 1911. She married Herbert D. Ward in 1888.
"Her first book," states The Standard Reference Work,
"was The Gates Ajar, published in 1868. It attracted
wide attention and is believed to have had considerable
influence on the prevailing views concerning the future
life. Mrs. Ward's style is original, vigorous and usually
impressive. She has something to say and says it well."
Other books that followed are: Beyond the Gates; The
Gates Between; Men, 'Women and Ghosts; The Story
of Avis; Songs of the Silent World.
THE TIME OF MAN
By ELIZABETH MADOX ROBERTS
**npHE Chessers, a family of whites from the Kentucky
*- Hills, with the restless urge of pioneers, keep mov-
ing from place to place looking always for a more fertile
land beyond. The story centers about Eleanor Chesser,
the daughter of the family who has vague yearnings
for beauty and something better than the present life
she knows. She marries a luckless young farmhand and
the odyssey continues. When the dream of their lives is
just about to be fulfilled a farm of their own the
unjust hostility of his neighbors towards Ellen's husband
flames up and sends them forth again with their children
on their wanderings, a far-piece this time. This journey
is almost a flight," The Book Review Digest thus gives
the theme of the story of The Time of Man.
Dorothy Graffe terms it, in her review in The Nation,
September 8, 1926, "A book that is somehow realistic
although written in poetic language, that is beautiful
though it deals with dirt and poverty and ugliness. A
saga of the heroic woman, living near the earth,"
Elizabeth Madox Roberts was born in Kentucky near
Springfield. Most of her early years were spent in study-
ing the people there, both on farms and in towns, gather-
ing material used later as a basis for her writings.
After living in the Colorado Rockies for some time,
she entered the University of Chicago and specialized in
the study of Philosophy and Language, receiving a Ph.D.
degree. "While still an undergraduate she won the Fisk
prize for poetry. Shortly after, Under The Tree, a book of
verse was published. She then turned to prose. Her first
novel, The Time of Man, was a selection of the Book-of-
the-Month Club. Its popularity extended to England. It
was later translated into German and Swedish. My Heart
and My Flesh, her second novel, firmly established Eliza-
beth Madox Roberts among the important American
women writers. The Great Meadow was a recent success-
THE LEAVENWORTH CASE
By ANNA KATHERINE GREEN ROHLFS
THE LEAVENWORTH CASE was written in 1878
and brought the author national and international
success, as being one of the best of the many detective
stories from her versatile mind.
Perhaps the best review of this book is to be found in
the reasons for its inclusion as one of the one hundred
best books of American women in the past hundred
years. "A classic mystery story with excellent character
development and verisimilitude" comments one judge
and another says, "Even through the recent craze for
crime fiction, this still remains a pattern in plot and
presentation and it was written long before the vogue
Anna Katherine Green Rohlf s had the distinction as a
college student of initiating Ralph Waldo Emerson into
the class "secret society" and forever after she has been
interested in secret procedure of all sorts. Mrs. Rohlfs
is one of our best known writers of criminal romance.
With the exception of two of her books, Kisifi's Daughter
and The Defense of the Bride, all her works have been
translated into foreign languages and nearly all of her
stories have appeared in leading magazines as serials,
prior to book publication.
She was born in Brooklyn, New York, November n,
1846 and was educated in New York City schools and
at Ripley College, Vermont. She married Charles Rohlfs
on November 25, 1884.
Mrs. Rohlfs is still active today in Buffalo, where she
has made her home for many years.
Among her other well known works are That Affair
Next Door; The Step on the Stair; Initials Only.
THE LITTLE FRENCH GIRL
By ANNE DOUGLAS SEDGWICK
* er |pHE contrasting social standard of French and Eng-
-L lish, in particular their different views about love
and marriage, form the background of this story. Alix,
the little French girl is sent to England to find the suit-
able marriage which her mother's mode of living had
made impossible in France and at the same time to free
Hainan from her daughter's innocence and embarrassing
presence while she is pursuing the latest of a succession
of love adventures into which her dangerous beauty and
charm had led her. Unable to give up her own way of
living, Mme. Vervier wished something different for her
tenderly loved daughter. Fortunately the exquisite Alix
falls into kind hands in England. She steers her sure and
delicately balanced course never failing in loyalty to her
beautiful mother or in appreciation and understanding
of her English friends, and in the end she finds the best
kind of Englishman for a husband and a true love mar-
riage instead of the marriage de convenance her mother
had planned." This concisely sums up the story in the
Book Review Digest.
In 1873 in Englewood, New Jersey, Anne Douglas
Sedgwick was born and there she spent her early youth.
In her later teens, she went to live in London and Paris
where she studied art. So often the creative mind starts
in one channel with the eagerness of youth, only to find
another sister-art beckoning. This was the case with this
young genius, who at twenty-two definitely decided to
transfer her interest to writing. Tante, her first great
success was followed in rapid succession by a number of
volumes, among them The Shadow of Life; Valerie Up-
ton; Anabel Channice; Franklin Winstow Kane; The
Next; The Third Window; The Old Countess.
Anne Douglas Sedgwick married Basil de Selincourt
and has made her home abroad ever since with occasional
visits to America.
UNCLE TOM'S CABIN
By HARRIET BEECHER STOWE
T TNCLE TOM'S CABIN needs no introduction. It is
^ a book which has gone down in history not only
for its literary merit, but as one of the most powerful
pieces of anti-slavery propaganda of its day. The book
was written in the white heat of a one-sided observation
of the whole situation, and the characters are symbols
and types rather than human beings. Despite its ap-
portionment of all goodness to Eva, all brutality to
Legree, and all gentleness to Uncle Tom, it has captured
and held the imagination of millions, quite literally, up
till this very day. Harriet Beecher Stowe was a woman
especially fitted to understand the latent indignation
which would meet her expose* because she herself was so
deeply identified with the very reading public to which
her book appealed.
Leypoldt and lies term it "One of the most famous
of 'timely' books. It was not half true, it was written
with passion and prejudice and it accomplished what all
the cool, judicial statements in the world would have
Harriet Beecher Stowe was born in Litchfield, Con-
necticut, in 1811, the third daughter of Dr. Lyman
Beecher whose strong personality and fine mentality were
reflected in his children. It was his interest in anti-slavery
which gave her the impetus that finally expressed itself
in Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Her mother died early and Harriet was raised by her
grandmother, at Guilford, where she received an early
education. She went to Cincinnati where her father re-
ceived a theological post in 1832, and in 1833 she won
her first literary prize of $50. In 1836, she married Pro-
fessor Calvin E. Stowe of Lane Seminary. Household
affairs engrossed her at first and she wrote little, but IB
1852 appeared Uncle Tom's Cabin. This reached an
amazing sale for that time 300,000 copies the first year.
She wrote considerably more, scores of children 3
stories, serious essays and novels, but the world remembers
her as the creator of Little Eva, Uncle Tom and Topsy!
By EDITH \VHARTOH
HpHE BOOKLIST reports that Ethan Frome is: "A
J- grim tale of retribution told in so masterly a manner
that the story seems a transcription from real life. The
three characters are a discouraged New England farmer,
his hypochondriac wife, and a girl who still finds some
joy in living."
The Nation's comment: "The wonder is that the
spectacle of so much pain can be made to yield so much
The eternal triangle is the basis for the story and
brings the inevitable result to all concerned * , unhap-
piness and retribution.
Should one ask an intelligent European reader what
name stands out immediately among present day Amer-
ican women writers, that name would more than likely
be Edith Wharton.
Edith Wharton was born in New York in 1862 and
was educated privately. She married Edward Wharton in
1885 and for four years struggled with the business of
home building. In 1899 she published The Greater
Inclination. The Touchstone and Crucial Instances soon
followed and a book appeared almost annually thereafter.
More recent of her works are The Custom of the
Country; The Age of Innocence; Old Maid; Mother's
Recompense. Mrs. "Wharton was given the Order of
Leopold of Belgium and of the Legion d'Honneur for
her work as a writer and her worth as a woman.
[ 70 3
By AUGUSTA EVANS WILSON
TT IS a question as to which group is more numerous,
* those who have read $/. El-mo or those who have heard
its resounding language from some traveling troupe of
actors. The Southern Review, in April, 1 8 67, was quite
severe with the author and accused her learning as "picked
from encyclopedias," due to the many learned discus-
sions between the heroine, Edna Earl, and the misan-
thrope and scoffer, St. Elmo, ending up, however, in this
generous vein: "But when our author descends from her
learned Cothurnus, she writes in good, plain, vigorous
and . . . pure English. Many passages, and especially the
description of the death of Felix are full of pathos and
beauty." Redpath's Library of Universal Literature re-
cords, "Her style is on the whole good her depiction
of Southern plantation life in ante-bellum days is vividly
correct, and her gentlemen and gentlewomen are such
in the true sense of the words."
Everybody remembers St. Elmo. But how many re-
member that Augusta Evans Wilson was its author? She
first saw the light in Columbus, Georgia, in 1835. When
she was three her parents removed to southwestern Texas
where for some years they led the arduous and stirring
life of Texas pioneers. In 1841 they settled in Mobile,
Alabama, where their daughter spent much of the time
later on. She never attended school, but received her
education under the direction of her mother, who was a
cultured and gifted woman. Her first novel, Inez, was
written when she was fifteen. Her father sent the book
to Harper Brothers and to the astonishment of them all
the manuscript was published. Then came Beulah which
was even more popular than her first effort and later
St. Elmo, Infelice and Vashti, for the manuscript of
which she was paid $15,000.
[ 7* ]
ff 3 Twas the saying of an ancient $age>
Gorgias Leontinus, that Humor -was the
only test of gravity and gravity of
humor* For a subject that would not
bear of raillery was suspicious; and a
jest which would not bear serious ex-
amination was certainly false wit."
Essay on FREEDOM OF WIT AND HUMOR
THE PETERKIN PAPERS
By LUCRETIA PEABODY HALE
HpHE PETERKIN PAPERS were Invented by the
-"- charming, clever Lucretia Peabody Hale for the
younger daughter of Lucretia's old schoolmate, Mrs.
Lesley, during a summer stay in the hill country of
Princeton, Massachusetts. "Little Meggie was ill. Sitting
by her bedside, Aunt Lucretia, as the child called her,
told the story of 'The Lady Who Put Salt into Her
Coffee,* " writes Ellen Day Hale in the Bookman.
". . . The Lady from Philadelphia who set everything
right in these tales was Mrs. Lesley, this fortunate child's
mother. The fourth of the stories was first told at Keene
at the house of Lucretia's other life-long friend, Margaret
Harding. These stories The Peterkin Papers form the
main literary accomplishment of Lucretia Male's life;
but I doubt if she ever really knew they were that. She
had already given much more time and labor than they
ever required at her hand to work which was significant
and interesting in relation to that day . . . but not much
of that work lasted. . ."
C 7* ]
And so the impromptu production of this charming
lady's mind, not overly evaluated by herself, came to
stand for a high quality of humor in American letters.
Lucretia Peabody Hale was born in Boston on Septem-
ber 2, 1820, her father, Nathan Hale, being the editor
of The Boston Daily Advertiser. Her life was spent in
Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts. Her whole life
was devoted to literary work and educational matters.
She served on various committees of an educational and
charitable nature. Among her published books are The
Lord's Supper and Its Observances; The Service of Sor-
row; The Peter kin Papers which originally appeared in
Young Folks and St. Nicholas magazines. She died June
SAMANTHA AT THE CENTENNIAL
By MARIETTA HOLLEY
"CAMANTHA AT THE CENTENNIAL disproves,"
^ in the words of one of the judges who Selected it for
this listing, "the late John Kendrick Bang*s contention
that women have no sense of humor;*' With this work
in hand, one has an excellent, readable, extremely
humorous yard-stick by which to measure present en-
thusiasm for an event similar to that which it portrays.
The Dictionary of American Biography contains this
excellent pen picture of Samantha, who was, in her day,
a character not to be toyed with lightly: "Miss Marietta
Holley," reads the review, "has done much to add to the
gaiety of nations. As Josiah Allen's wife she has enter-
tained as large an audience, I should say, as has been
entertained by the humor of Mark Twain. The droll
imperturbable sanity of Samantha busy over her cooking
and manifold practical duties of her household, her out-
bursts against limitations imposed by the masculine sex,
[ 73 1
her philippics against the liquor traffic, all expressed in
a homely idiom, have been read by enthusiastic thou-
sands. Samantha, standing before her various books in
the library of the Chicago World's Fair, exclaims, It is
dretful fond of me the nation is, and well it might be.
I have stood up for it time and agin, and there I've done
a sight for it in the way of advisin' and backin* it up.* **
Under the unique pseudonym of Josiah Allen's Wife,
Marietta Holley wrote most of her stories. She was born
in Jefferson County, New York, July 16, 1836, Her first
literary endeavors were in the form of contributions to
the Christian Union, Peterson's Magazine and the Inde-
pendent. My Opinions and Betsy Bobbefs was her first
book followed by Samantha at the Centennial. Other
books on the adventures of Samantha, took her to Sara-
toga and to the World's Fair. The character is humorous,
but "Samantha is, after all, characterized by great good
sense." For forty-one years Marietta Holley was active
as humorist, poet, essayist, novelist. The fame of her
Samantha stories spread even to foreign lands. She died in
1926 at the age of ninety.
By CONSTANCE ROURKE
A MERICAN HUMOR, the title of the book, is de-
^"^ fined in the sub-title "A Study of the National
Character." It is the history of American humor since
the Revolution, and truly presents a picture of the na-
tion as reflected in its outstanding personalities, its jokes,
stage representatives, its lecturers, its outstanding literary
figures. It is a composite of the complex many-sided
American and his reactions to humor, quite as unique
in comparison as any other nation's and expressing as
much the trait of the individual as a study of the serious
[ 74 ]
moments. The author believes that the foremost literary
figures o the past and present, through their humor,
have produced a great American tradition.
F. H. Brut en in The New 'York Evening Post of
March 21, 1931, observed, "Miss Rourke's volume is
scholarly in temper and the conclusions she draws emerge
from a careful examination of every aspect of a century
of recorded literary and dramatic humor."
Constance Mayfield Rourke was born in Cleveland,
Ohio, on November 14, 1885. She received her A.B.
from Vassar in 1907 and was holder of the Borden
Fund for foreign travel and study at that time. Later she
became an instructor at the college from which she
Her works include: Trumpets of Jubilee and Troupers
of the Gold Coast.
"The childhood shows the man as
'morning shows the day."
By LOUISA MAY ALCOTT
WHAT child has not read the fascinating history
of the March family with tears and laughter and
joy? And what grown-up does not liave a fond memory
Perhaps the worth of Louisa M. Alcott's book grows
from the fact that the experiences which she uses as
fabric for her story are experiences which actually made
up her own childhood. The March family is the author's
own family, and the "Little Women** are herself and her
sisters. There is Jo, the heroine, a lovable tomboy with
an ambition to be a writer; Meg, the eldest, an aspirant
to ladyhood; Beth who is the saint of the family, and
gold-haired Amy, the youngest, who tells her sisters that
her ambition is to be a great artist and to overcome her
selfishness. The girls go to parties, to picnics; they act
out their little plays in their front parlor; they read
aloud; they write tragedies; they indulge in childish
The book is charming, wholesome, ever living. Be-
cause it has in it the fine truth of children's hopes and
fears, children's loyalties and ambitions, it is the kind of
book which will survive. Little Women never gets self-
righteous or dictatorial and for that reason Is one of the
best juvenile books ever written.
C 76 ]
Louisa May Alcott was born in Pennsylvania in 1832,
being the daughter of Amos Bronson Alcott, writer and
educator, one of the founders of the transcendental
school of philosophy in New England. Miss Alcott won a
popularity with children which carried on through the
years. Her stories were written principally for girls, and
the volume Little Women is known to all. Among her
other works are Little Wives; Little Men; Hospital
Sketches; Aunt Jo's Scrapbag.
LITTLE LORD FAUNTLEROY
By FRANCES HODGSON BURNETT
TITTLE LORD FAUNTLEROY, with his long curls
-" and lace collars and his traditionally impeccable
manners, was both the pattern and bane of a period
which is now but a memory. It is not generally known
that the original lad after whom the author patterned
her young "hero" was her own son, who is living today.
The book was issued in 1886 and was immediately a
sensation. It came rather aptly at a time when long
curls and point lace were thought appropriate for all
boys, both fragile and husky. The book was early drama-
tized by Elsie Leslie who took the title role. Mrs. Bur-
nett's juvenile stories have been termed "fairy tales of
real life." Though times have greatly changed for the
younger generation since 1886, the book lives on as an
interesting sample of a period recent enough for many
now living to recall.
Frances Elizabeth Hodgson Burnett was born in Man-
chester, England, on November 24, 1849, moving with
her parents to this country at the conclusion of the
Civil "War and settling in Tennessee. After her marriage
to Dr. Swan Burnett, she traveled extensively in Europe
and later married Stephen Townsend. Mrs. Burnett wrote
[ 77 ]
many short stories and articles, though she was best
known as author of several successful books, among
them being That Lass o* Lowries; Hawortb's; A Fair Bar-
barian; Through One Administration; The Making of a
By REBECCA SOPHIA CLARKE
HpHE DOTTY DIMPLE books are representative of
*- juvenile literature of the middle of the nineteenth
century. Following the success of the Little Prudy series
by the same author, one notes the interesting comment
that "When her Dotty Dimple books were ready for
publication, she was offered a hundred dollars a volume,
(in 1867) but by this time she had become more sophis-
ticated and secured a ten percent basis." The Dictionary
of American Biography continues by stating, u The char-
acters in her stories were all drawn from life, the adults
from Norridgewock people, the children from her own
nephews and nieces, and Norridgewock furnished nearly
all her settings. The boys and girls of her books are nat-
ural, fun-loving, sometimes naughty beings, instead of
the stiff perfection of most juvenile literature of her
Rebecca Sophia Clarke was born on Washington's
Birthday, February 22, 1833. She was educated at Nor-
ridgewock, Maine, and began writing in 1863.
Among her books are: Little Prudy Stories, in six
volumes; Dotty Dimple Stones; Little Prudy' s Flyaway
series; Quinnebasset ; another similar series; F la pie Frizzle
series; Little Prudy 9 s Children; Drone's Honey, a
novel; Pauline Wyman and 703; Bells.
CAT WHO WENT TO HEAVEN
By ELIZABETH COATESWORTH
HPHIS is the story of "a delightful adventure of a
*" little white cat who belonged to a poor Japanese
artist. When the artist is engaged to paint the picture of
the dying Buddha with the animals coming to say fare-
well, he cannot resist painting at the end his little white
cat. Now the cat, of all the animals, was the only one
not present at the death of the Buddha so the priests
were furious with the artist and repudiated his picture.
Next morning when they entered the temple they found
a miracle had occurred and the little white cat had
disappeared from his place in the picture and had re-
appeared under the outstretched hand of the Buddha.
And so it was that the Little Cat Went to Heaven/*
Thus writes a reviewer in the Book Review Digest of
this most unusual and poetic story.
The New York Times said of the book, "Into this
lovely and imaginative story the author has put some-
thing of the serenity and beauty of the East and of the
gentleness of a religion that has a place even for the
humblest of living creatures." This book was awarded
the Newberry Medal as the best children's story of 1930.
Elizabeth Coatesworth was born on the last day of
May, 1893, in Buffalo. She attended Buffalo Seminary
and received the degree A.B. at Vassar and A.M. at
Columbia. In 1929 Miss Coatesworth married Henry
Her writings have appeared in many leading maga-
zines. Her volumes include Fox Footprints; Atlas and
Beyond; The Cat and the Captain; Compass Rose, an-
other book of verse; Toiitou in Bondage, for children, and
The Sun's Diary.
[ 79 ]
THE SILVER SKATES
By MARY MAPES DODGE
HANS BRINKER of the Silver Skates!
Hans Brinker with his funny shoes and his tre-
mendous balloon trousers!
Hans Brinker astonishing little American readers be-
cause of the similarity of his delights and pleasures and
Much of the fascination of the book came from pene-
trating into the routine of a foreign child's life. Hans
Brinker had playthings that were oddly shaped, and
pastimes that were more oddly conceived; he bobbed for
apples, however, just as all children do on Hallowe'en
that made him good fun! And he loved skating that
made him just like the boy next door!
This mixture of the universal and the particular is a
pledge of the continued popularity of Little Hans.
Mary Elizabeth Mapes Dodge was an American editor,
author and poet, born in 1838 in New York City. She
was editor of St. Nicholas Magazine and at an earlier
date also assisted Harriet Beecher Stowe and Donald G.
Mitchell in editing Hearth and Home. She died August
21, 1905, after a most active life.
She was author of Irvington Stories, Rhymes and
Jingles, Theophilus and Others, and When Life wm
Young. Her volumes of verse are Along the Way and
Poems and Verses. Hans Brinker or The Silver Skates Is
her best known book. It went through many editions and
By MARTHA FINLEY
DINSMORE appeared in the year 1867. The
good little girl there portrayed won such approval
from parents and Sunday School teachers that other
Elsie books followed rapidly until by 1905 over twenty-
five had been written and Elsie had become a grand-
mother," is the summary of this series in the Dictionary
of American Biography.
The Elsie series belong to a period now past. The
change has been so marked in the two generations since
the Elsie books appeared as to move one contemporary
writer to take young Elsie as the theme for a book,
placing her in the twentieth century with her nineteenth
century point of view. The contrast is marked. Never-
theless many women of today were "brought up" on
the Elsie Dinsmore stories. They were an expression of
their times among juvenile books.
Chillicothe, Ohio, was the birthplace of Martha Finley
on April 26, 1828. Her grandfather was a personal friend
of Washington, having been a Major in the Revolu-
tionary Army. He served as a General in the War of
1812. The name of Farquharson which she often used
as a pen name is the Gaelic for Finley.
Her education was in private schools in Philadelphia
and also in South Bend, Indiana, where her family moved
when Martha was a little girl Reaching her twenties,
she went to New York and Philadelphia. For a time she
taught school and in 1853 began newspaper writing and
also wrote for the Presbyterian Publication Committee.
As her juvenile books began to receive attention and be-
came popular, she devoted all her time to them. Later
she settled in Elkston, Maryland, and lived there until
her death in 1909.
Her books appeared in several series beginning with
the Elsie series; followed by the Mildred series; the Do
Good Library; The Pewifs Nest series and also the Finley
series, which though not children's stories, were very
By ELEANOR H. PORTER
RLLYANNA has almost become an authentic word
^presenting a certain disposition, an adaptability and
a general cheerfulness, one, who through experience has
learned to surmount the events of life and rise above all
situations with a sunny outlook, in contrast to the
cynical. As The Literary Digest stated: "It is a story of
the wonders worked by a sunny disposition and shows
the far-reaching influence of a child's love."
"A little girl who has been taught the game of finc|~
ing something to be glad for in whatever happens, is
landed suddenly in a somewhat fossilized New England
village. She applies her scheme of life to the people
about her with startling results, as funny as they are
pathetic," is the comment in the New York Sun,
The author shows her skill in keeping the incidents
natural, the people true to form and the little girl has all
the humanhood a child should have.
Eleanor Hodgson Porter was born in Littleton, New
Hampshire, December 19, 1868. She attended the public
schools and later the New England Conservatory of
Music and continued her studies under private teachers.
She married John Lyman Porter of Vermont in 1892.
Among her many volumes are the well known series
of Miss Billy; Miss Billy's Decision; Miss Billy's Marriage.
Pollyanna, too, had its sequel in Pollyanna Grows Up.
Other books by the same author include: Cross Cur-
rents; The Turn of the Tide; The Story of Marco; Just
David; The Road to Understanding; Oh! Money Money;
Dawn; Across the Years; The Tie That Binds.
MRS. WIGGS OF THE CABBAGE PATCH
By ALICE CALDWELL HEGAN RICE
HpHIS story of the optimistic widow who, in spite of
J- other adversities, looks at the bright side of things,
is almost a classic. Reality never annoys Mrs. Wiggs;
even the name of her patch has nothing to do with fact.
The Cabbage Patch is merely a collection of remarkable
cottages set down at random close to the railroad tracks.
The scene of the story is laid in Kentucky and true
Southern atmosphere pervades it. Mrs. Wiggs demon-
strates her originality in many ways; she names her
daughters geographically, Asia, Australia and Europena;
she succeeds in straightening out a romance between a
philanthropic young lady, Miss Lucy Olcott, and her
beau, Robert Redding, with whom she has had a mis-
Frederick Dix says in The Outlook* December 6, 1902,
"It is deliciously humorous because the humor is per-
fectly natural, without being sentimental and with all
its pathos it is never sad because there is not a note
of despondency in it."
On January n, 1870, Alice Caldwell Hegan Rice was
born in Shelbyville, Kentucky. Her education was in
private schools. Rollins College honored her with the
degree of Doctor of Literature. She has always been
interested in settlement work and was one of the
founders of the Cabbage Patch Settlement House in
Louisville. She married Cale Young Rice in 1902. Mrs.
Rice is a member of the International P. E. N. She col-
laborated with her husband in writing Turn About Tales
and Winners and Losers.
Among her other volumes are Quinn; The Honorable
Percival; Calvary Alley; Miss Mink's Soldier and Other
Stories; A Romance of Billy Goat Hill; Sandy and Lovey
THE FIVE LITTLE PEPPERS
By MARGARET SIDNEY
WHO has not enjoyed The Five Little Peppers?
Can anyone forget the fascination which their
journeyings had for stay-at-homes? Margaret Sidney
Lothrop gave her pen and ink personages glamour and
a glow which time has neyer dulled. They were a happy
sun-shiny family, poor in worldly goods, but rich in the
abundance of love and spirit. First the Five Little Pep-
pers went to school and did the usual things. Then the
Five Little Peppers began to grow up and almost all
their readers recognized the veracity of their problems.
And then they were Midway, and after that there was
Phronsie Pepper, and after that, Europe!
Margaret Sidney was the pseudonym for Harriett Mul-
ford Stone. Lothrop, born in New Haven, Connecti-
cut in 1844. On October 4, 1881, she married Daniel
Lothrop. She was the Founder and National President
and later made Honorary President of the organization,
Children of the American Revolution; was also associ-
ated with the Society for the Preservation of American
Antiques, the League of American Pen Women, Society
of Mayflower Descendants, Colonial Dames of America,
the D. A. R. and other patriotic organizations. Mrs.
Lothrop is author of So As By Fire; Five Little Peppers
and How They Grew; Five Little Peppers Midway; and
several books of poems and other stories.
[ 84 1
THE WIDE WIDE WORLD
By SUSAN WARNER
E WIDE WIDE WORLD follows the life of the
* heroine, Ellen Montgomery, from early childhood to
marriage with a fullness of particulars which leaves
nothing to the reader's imagination. The parents of the
heroine go to Europe and place her in the care of sharp-
tempered Fortune Emerson, a relative. Among sordid
influences at her new home her childish nature is en-
tirely dwarfed and blighted until the advent of Alice
Humphreys, a sweet and lovable girl, who with wise and
tender patience develops the germs of Ellen's really ex-
Later when her mother and Alice Humphreys die, Ellen
comes to take up a daughter's duties in the home of her
kind friend. The scenes and episodes are those of a homely
every-day existence, lighted by the inner beauty of Ellen's
The Wide Wide World reached a sale of five hundred
thousand copies and was translated into French and
Susan Warner was born in New York, July n, 1819,
Writing as Elizabeth Wetherell, she gained a huge popular
success with her first book. Queechy, her second volume,
was welcomed with almost equal success at home and
abroad and had the honor of a Swedish version. Among
her other works are: American Female Patriotism, a prize
essay in 1852; The Law and The Testimony, an arrange-
ment of Scripture texts; The Hill of Sbatemic; The
Golden Ladder; The Old Helmet; A Story of Small Be-
ginning; Say and Do Series; Kingdom of Judah; Walls
According to the National Encyclopedia of American
Biographies, **All these were addressed quite as much to
the morals as to the intellectual powers and met their
reward more fully from the public than from the critics."
Miss Warner died at Highland Falls, New York on March
By JEAN McKiNNEY WEBSTER
" TERUSHA ABBOTT was the oldest orphan in the John
** Grier Home. She was seventeen and for two years had
been taking care of the other orphans when the wonder
happened a trustee who wished his name withheld
offered to send her to college. The little book is made up
of the letters Judy wrote during her four college years to
her unknown trustee, christened Daddy-Long-Legs.
"The bright, whimsical letters with their original il-
lustrations were sufficiently entertaining in themselves,
but there is also a story interest added, and a happy end-
ing with the revelation of the identity of the Daddy-
Long-Legs** so the Book Readers Digest condenses the
The New "York Times referred to it as "a whimsical
little wisp of a story, as slight as a cobweb, but full of a
quaint charm and rippling humor that is partly girlish
spirits and partly a delightful sense of drollery. Miss
Webster has done a rather difficult thing very cleverly/*
Jean Webster was born at Fredonia, New York, on July
24, 1876. She graduated from the Lady Jane Grey School
of Binghamton in 1 898 and received her A.B. from Vassar
in 1901. She married Glenn Ford McKinney, lived for
some time in Italy, later making a trip around the world.
Her volumes include: When Potty Went to College; The
Wheat Princess; Jerry }unior; The Four Pools Mystery;
Much Ado About Peter; Just Patty; Dear Enemy. She
was also a contributor of short stories to magazines.
[ 86 ]
REBECCA OF SUNNYBROOK FARM
By KATE DOUGLAS WIGGIN
KLBECCA is a quaint and original little child whose
trite grown-up sayings are a constant source o
amusement to the reader. She is one of seven children who
have known nothing but privation and work. Never-
theless, blessed with an optimistic spirit that stands her
in good stead, Rebecca glimpses silver linings when others
see only dark clouds. At the age of ten she leaves home
to go to live with her mother's two maiden sisters,
Miranda and Jane, who are to take charge of her and
send her to school. On the way she meets Mr. Cobb who
becomes her friend for life, and at school, Emma Jane,
who softens her hard life with her aunts.
Rebecca is a brilliant child at her lessons and her
originality and general maturity arouse the interest of her
teacher who does all she can to aid her progress. Then
comes Mr. Adam Ladd, The charming end to the tale,
the final love story between the two has been so gen-
erally taken to the reading public's heart that it has be-
come almost a standard for similar types of romantic
On September 28,1857, Kate Douglas "Wiggin was born
in Philadelphia, Pa. Her early days were spent in Hollis,
Maine, and she attended the Abbott Academy in Andover,
Massachusetts. In 1876 she made a study of the kinder-
garten system in Los Angeles, California, and opened the
first free kindergarten on the Pacific Coast. Prior to that
she was a teacher in Santa Barbara College. In 1880 she
organized the California Kindergarten Training School.
Mrs. Wiggin has written many books about and for
kindergartens, as well as many stories dealing with the
life of rural New England; among them the Penelope
series and Mother Carey's Chickens.
[ 87 ]
"Poetry is the expression of earnest thought"
From THE SHI
(Oldest definition Chinese 2300 B.C.)
By ALICE AND PHOEBE GARY
/ T 1 HIS collection, of poems represents the work of two
-^- sisters wlio always created their writings in "un-
broken companionship." The first time their work was
compiled and printed in one volume was in 1849. The
next year the sisters went to New York and met R.uf us
W. Griswold, "the quasi-dictator of American verse,
and Horace Greeley." They soon became prominent in
literary circles. Alice Gary also wrote novels and prose
sketches as well as verse, while Phoebe is perhaps best
known for her hymn written in 1852, Nearer Home,
with the opening line, "One sweetly solemn thought."
Following the death of these two sisters, the collected
Poetical Works of Alice and Phoebe Gary were published
in r 8 86 in Boston.
Alice Gary, the American poetess, was born near Cin-
cinnati, Ohio, on April 2.6, 1820. In the year 1852 she
went to New York City with her sister, Phoebe, and
there they lived the rest of their lives. Through her own
initiative and energy she received her education. In 1868
she is recorded to have acted as the first President of the
pioneer woman's club, Sorosis. She wrote novels and
The Clovernook Papery but is best remembered by her
[ 88 ]
poems appearing in The Lover 9 $ Diary about 1868. Alice
Gary died in New York City on February 21, 1871.
Phoebe Gary was both a poet and prose writer. She
was also born in Cincinnati, on September 4, 1824. She
passed away in Newport, Rhode Island, on July 31, 1871,
shortly after her sister's death.
BELLS AT EVENING AND OTHER POEMS
By FANNY J. CROSBY
"DANNY CROSBY, famous as a writer of hymns, also
* published several volumes of verse. Bells at Evening
is representative of her fine craftsmanship and poetic feel-
ing. The National Magazine of 1898 considers her "sec-
ular pieces" as "showing a quality far above the average
standard/* The writer further comments, "It is notice-
able that her religious poems are always cheerful while
the secular ones are usually of a melancholy and reflective
Fanny Crosby would have been interesting just for her
ability to adjust herself to life, even if she had never
written a word. She was one of those people who start
life with a handicap and spend life fighting that handi-
cap. She was born on May 24, 1820, at Southeast, New
York. At the age of six weeks she became blind from some
careless application of hot poultices to her eyes during an
illness. At fifteen she entered the Institute for the Blind
in New York and remained there from 1847 to 1858,
to teach English grammar, rhetoric, and Roman and
American History. She wrote words to many songs for
George F. Root, the composer. Her first hymn was writ-
ten for William Bradbury, the beginning of a produc-
tion which reached six thousand. Among the more famous
ones are: Safe in the Arms of Jesus; Jesus, Keep Me Near
the Cross; There's Music in the Air. She wrote The
Blind Girl and other poems in 1844; Bells at Evening
in 1898; Memories of Eighty Years in 1906.
HONEY OUT OF THE ROCK
By BABETTE DEUTSCH
T^HE book is divided in four groups: Wind and Iron;
-*- Time's Fuel; Sonnets; For Adam. Joseph Auslander
commented in the Literary Review of the New York
Evening Post "Miss Deutsch has here made a sweet dis-
tillation and a rich deposit out of the dark garden of her
years and her agonies and her exaltations. The honey does
not come out all 'subwarmed, translucent and golden*;
it is not for us 'the veritable honey of Hymettus.' It is
much more a sullen and a savage honey, cellular, stained
with the struggle; there is rock in it, a swarthy tinge of
extraction; it is almost bitter, though not quite; it is
certainly not a Greek, not a pure pagan comb, but a
Hebrew essence, an urgently Jewish honey, terribly tender
and mordant and implacable and piteous and solitary,
and often true."
Babette Deutsch in this book writes as much to the
intellect as she does to the heart. So clear is this appeal
that Mark Van Doren wrote of it in the New York
Tribune: "I can think of no contemporary book which
explores so well that corner of the mind where Time sits
and gnaws at his own thought, where old age threatens,
where visions come of stricken boughs and flinty skies,
where in a word the winter of the spirit has its retiring
Babette Deutsch did not follow the usual trend of
authors by coming to New York City, but got an early
start by being born there! She received her B.A. at
Barnard College the year of 1917 and her literary career
is said to have begun while still a sophomore, at which
[ 30 ]
time one of her first poems was published in the North
For a time she was assistant to the editor of The
Political Science Quarterly. Miss Deutsch, with her hus-
band, has edited and translated three collections of
foreign verse, Modern Russian Poetry; Contemporary
German Poetry; Russian Poetry. She is also author of
Portable Gold; Some Notes on Poetry; This Age; and
two novels, A Brittle Heaven and In Such a Night.
She was awarded the golden emblem of honor as Honor
Poet of Poetry Week, 1933, in New York State. In 1926
she won The Nation Poetry Prize and three years later
was Phi Beta Kappa poet at Columbia University, reading
Time and Spirit, her sonnet sequence, on that occasion.
OF EMILY DICKINSON
TN THIS complete grouping of the poems of Emily
* Dickinson, one of the major American poets, are
included the poems published in a series of three previous
volumes which appeared at various intervals after her
death, and also from a volume entitled The Single Hound
published in 1914, with the addition of a few previously
"Her verse," said Genevieve Taggard, in The Nation,
"which is to our whang-bang school poor technique,
accomplishes the most miraculous sound flutmgs; her
assonance rhyme, like her thought, is a tone that opens
in the central atom of feeling, outward. Her images,
magnificent, tempered, utterly her own, make her the
only genuine Imagist."
Walter Yust acknowledged that he found in some of
her hundreds of poems, "a few of the most beautiful, the
most whimsical and the most illuminating poems I have
ever read. . . ."'
Emily Dickinson was born on December 10, 1830, at
Amherst, Massachussets, her family being of original
Yorkshire stock. Her education was at Amherst Academy
and at Mount Holyoke Female Seminary. In 1854 she
visited Washington and Philadelphia. Later she volun-
tarily became a recluse and is only known to have left her
garden on two occasions. The fact that she dwelt so much
in solitude so many hours and gave her life to her poetry
undoubtedly accounts for its mystic quality. Her writ-
ings were concealed and only after her death did her
sister, Lavinia, discover them. When published in 1890
they attained immediate recognition. Her method of
writing has been compared with Emerson's and the in-
fluence of her thought is strongly felt.
COLLECTED POEMS OF H. D,
By HILDA DOOLITTLE
/COLLECTED POEMS brings together all of Hilda
**J Doolittle Aldington's verse. Its contents comprise
the Sea Garden, The God, Choruses, Hymen, and He-
liodora. As W. C. Williams wrote in the Literary Review,
"Not before the whole had been printed in a single vol-
ume was it possible for us to grasp the full significance
of this work in the world of modern poetry. But the book
has brought the whole together as a clear story. There is
an extraordinary vista of a strong rise beginning with
youth and extending over a long period of a woman's
growth and blossoming, and further rise from that flower
into a world beyond it that should be to every American
a strengthening pride."
Said Herbert S. Gorman in the New York Times,
May 10, 1925, "The art of Hilda Doolittle is crystalline.
Better than any living poet she has captured a Sapphic
purity of tone, and the delicate and precise images of
her work are heightened by a clear lyric note.**
c 9* ]
As the Irish poet, George Russell, writes under the
pseudonym of A. E., so Hilda Doolittle's poems are signed,
by her initials, H. D. She was born September 10, 1886,
at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, the center of the great steel
industry. Her father was Professor of Mathematics and
Astronomy at Lehigh University, located at Bethlehem.
Later the family moved to Philadelphia where her father
became Director of the Flower Astronomical Observa-
tory at the University of Pennsylvania.
Her early writings were children's stories. Her poems
were first published in Poetry, and she was soon re-
garded as a new addition to the Imagist group. In 1916,
Sea Garden, her first book, was published. She married
Richard Aldington and like Babette Deutsch, collabo-
rated with her husband in making translations, in this
case, of Greek and Latin poets. Among her other volumes
are Hymen; Heliodora and Other Poems; Palimpsest;
Hippolytm Temporizes; Hedylus, a novel.
By JULIA WARD HOWE
TT IS in the volume Later Lyrics that we find the
* world famous Battle Hymn of the Republic, the
poem which more than all others insured Mrs. Howe's
place in literary history.
This beautiful hymn was composed at a camp near
Washington, D. C., on the night when Mrs. Howe was
too stirred by the events taking place around her to
sleep. The lines were scribbled in the dense darkness
of a tent ? as she was visiting a camp with the party of
Governor Andrew of Massachusetts.
Julia Ward Howe's talent was a buoyant and lyrical
one. Through her poetry, however, one glimpses her
strength. In its musical lines one can feel her deep re-
[ 93 ]
ligious and sweet nature together with her belief in the
power of man to rise by the force of his spirit.
Julia Ward Howe was born in New York City, May
27, 1819. She was a poet, dramatist, and author of note.
Her work was centered in philanthropic interests and
especially in woman's suffrage. As wife of Dr. Samuel G.
Howe, the philanthropist, she edited with him the anti-
slavery journal known as Commonwealth. She lec-
tured extensively and was a champion of the cause for
women's advancement, both in civic and social work.
She helped organize the American Women's Suffrage
Association and was President of the New England
Women's Club in 1872.
Her works include: The World's Own; Life of Mar-
garet Fuller; Passion Flower; From the Stinset Ridge,
Her prose works are Sex and Education; Modern Society;
Sketches of Representative Women of New York; Remi-
niscences, an autobiography.
RENASCENCE AND OTHER POEMS
By EDNA ST. VINCENT MILLAY
E title of this volume is that of the first poem
which brought Edna St. Vincent Millay into promi-
nence six years before the book was published. To this
long poem is added two others, Interim and The Siiidde
together with a number of brief lyrics, and five unnamed
When the book was published, a review in The
Bookman said, **. . . All of these poems reveal a gift
whose potentialities impress themselves constantly upon
the reader. This is just as it should be. A first book
should be rich in foretokens. It should hint of some-
thing beyond its fulfilment, and no one can read Miss
Millay's volume without recognizing the authentic poet.**
"Miss Millay's gifts show her supreme and lovely
[ 94 ]
simplicity and intensity of substance in the songs and
lyrics and sonnets of this volume. In these, true lyricism
of the imperishable tradition expresses itself in her,"
is the comment in the Boston Transcript.
Rockland, Maine, was the birthplace of Edna St. Vin-
cent Millay, February 22, 1892. She received an A.B.
degree from Vassar in 1917. While at college she began
writing and has actively continued ever since. In 1923
she married Eugen Jan Boissevain.
Edna St. Vincent Millay was made the first Poet
Laureate of the General Federation of Women's Clubs
Among her other volumes are: Figs from Thistles;
Second April; Aria da Capo; The Lamp and the Bell;
Two Slatterns and a King; The Harp Weaver and Of her
Poems. The King's Henchman, an opera, was set to music
by Deems Taylor and presented by the Metropolitan
Opera Company. Edna St. Vincent Millay won the
Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1922, and was made the first
Poet Laureate of the General Federation of Women's
Clubs, in May, 1933.
Of LOUISE CHANDLER MOULTON
PERHAPS the most timely comment on the poetry of
Louise Chandler Moulton would be the opinion of
her distinguished contemporary, Oliver Wendell Holmes.
In a letter on December 29, 1889, he wrote, "I thank you
most cordially for sending me your beautiful volume
of poems. They tell me that they are breathed from a
woman's heart as plainly as the fragrance of a rose
reveals its birthplace. I have read nearly all of them a
statement I would not venture to make of most of the
volumes I receive, the number of which is legion, and
I cannot help feeling flattered that the author of such
[ 95 ]
impassioned poems should have thought well enough of
my own productions to honor me with the kind words
I find on the blank leaf of a little book that seems to
me to hold leaves torn out of the heart's record."
The biography which contains the foregoing tribute
to Louise Chandler Moulton, contains also the following
comment from The Atbenaeam, "It is not too much
to say of these poems that they exhibit delicate and rare
beauty, marked originality and perfection of style. What
is still better, they impress us with a sense of subtle
and vivid imagination, and that spontaneous feeling
which is the essence of lyrical poetry."
Louise Chandler Moulton, novelist and poet, was born
at Pomfret, Connecticut, April 10, 1835, the daughter
of Lucius L. and Louisa R. Clark Chandler. When only
fifteen years of age she began to contribute to periodi-
cals, using the name Ellen Louise. She added the last
name after she married in 1855.
Her first book was This, That and the Other. In 1873
and 1874 she published Bed Time Stories. Poems, later
called Swallow Flights, appeared in 1877. Among her
other works were Random Rambles; Ourselves and Our
Neighbors; Miss Eyre from Boston; In the Garden of
Dreams; Lazy Times in Spain and Elsewhere.
DEATH AND TAXES
By DOROTHY PARKER
WITTY, cynical, feminine, penetrating Dorothy
Parker's book has been called all these things and
still her work escapes analysis.
When Death and Taxes was released, the most widely
differing magazines hailed it for its irony, its real humor,
its artistry. F. P. A., for instance, found that "More
certain than either death or taxes is the high and shin-
ing art of Dorothy Parker. ... In this new collection
the painful hunger for beauty and the heartbreak of its
impermanence, the uncompromising idealism, are even
acuter than in her previous volumes. ... It is her
saddest and her best book." The Nation commented,
"Dorothy Parker has again proved herself master of
ironical humor. . . . Such clever craftsmanship is reason
enough for admiration, but there is more to be said:
Mrs. Parker as a light verse writer is actually a better
poet than many of our very serious composers in meter."
Her ability seems to be that of mingling the serious
and the gay in such a way as to pack truth into every
turn of a line. Some critics, like Percy Hutchison, have
felt that she should be given a very high place among
the English minor poets men like Lovelace and Herrick.
Dorothy Parker was born in West End, New Jersey,
on August 22, 1893. Her writings are as vital and force-
ful as the waves which washed the shores of her birth-
place where the great Atlantic laps the Jersey shore.
She attended Miss Dana's School in Morristown and the
Blessed Heart Convent in New York City. She married
Edwin Bond Parker II, in 1927.
Dorothy Parker has done a variety of work along
literary lines. She was for a time dramatic critic for
Vanity Fair and served on the editorial staff of Vogue
from 1916 to 1917. She is a frequent contributor to
magazines. In 1927 Enough Rope became an outstand-
ing book of the hour and achieved a place among the
"best sellers," a distinct attainment for verse. She is also
author of Sunset Sun, a collection of verse.
Of LlZETTE WOODWORTH REESE
THIS was the seventh book by Lizette Woodworth
Reese and the poems that it includes, according to
the New York Herald Tribune, are less in the May,
[ 97 ]
Lavender and Wild Cherry mood than in her earlier
ones. "The dead friend and the dead lover, wayside
lanes, rain, holy day and praise of common things per-
meate everything she writes."
As the Literary Review states: "Her songs have al-
ready won her a multitude of friends and this attrac-
tive volume should multiply their number, for to know
her lyrics is to love them. But if to love them is easy,
to praise them is very hard. The instinct is to hush and
listen as to the hermit thrush/*
Genevieve Taggard in the New York Herald Tribune
said: "I cannot prove at all my feeling that Miss Reese
is close in kind to Emily Dickinson. But among the
large number of her readers I think there will be some
who will catch the likeness at odd moments. Emily
Dickinson constructed poems like atoms, which, when
caught under a microscope, prove to be as much uni-
verse as atom. Miss Reese is not so angular, so bold, so
tremendous or so exquisite, but she speaks the same
Lizette Woodworth Reese was born on January 9,
1856, in Baltimore County, Maryland. Her education
was in both private and public schools. She was an
English teacher in the "Western High School of Balti-
more and retired in 1921. A bronze tablet containing
her most notable poem, Tears, was erected in the High
School. Miss Reese is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and
was made Poet Laureate of Maryland in 1931.
Miss Reese's poetic gift is that of lyricism. Her verse
sings itself freshly, strongly, with definite continuity
and indebtedness to traditional rhythms. She has no faith
in the impressionistic school for she is never content un-
less she engraves her lines with the finest microscopic
Among her many books are the following: A Branch
of May; A Handful of Lavender; A Quiet Road; Way-
side Lute; Selected Spicewood; Wild Cherry; Little Hen-
rietta. She is author of a prose biography, A Victorious
By LEONORA SPEYER
TWIDDLER'S FAREWELL won for its author the Pu-
* Htzer Prize for Poetry in 1927. These are proudly
and exultantly poems written by a woman, "unrestful,
seeking, demanding something of life more beautiful
and yet serener. . . . There are lovely sudden things like
Witch and Hark! Hark! There are mystic, poignant
things of much sterner stuff, like Ballad of a Lost House,
and Of Mountains" The chief quality of her work, the
Bookman sums up, "is the power she has of turning a
strong mood into searching glamorous verse."
A fellow-poet, Padriac Colum, in the Literary "Review
of the New York Evening Post, has said of this particu-
lar book, "In Fiddler's Hare-well Leonora Speyer has ful-
filled the expectations that were aroused by her first
volume . . . she has fulfilled them by striking into a
vein that has ore for her, by finding more and more
of the things that her mind can focus on and make
poetry out of . . . ."
Leonora Speyer was born in Washington, D. C, No-
vember 7, 1872. She was educated in public schools and
first began her career as a violinist, achieving noteworthy
success on the concert stage. She made her debut with
the Baton Symphony Orchestra. Later she took up the
writing of poetry. Mrs. Speyer is now the first woman
President of the Poetry Society of America. Other books
are: Canopic Jar, a volume of verse, published in 1921;
Naked Heel, published in 193 1. Mrs. Speyer was the first
woman to be made the Honor Poet of Poetry Week, in
[ 99 ]
1927, the year of its Inauguration, and also has been
awarded the Nation Prize, Blindman Prize and a prize
by the Poetry Society.
RIVERS TO THE SEA
By SARA TEASDALE
RVERS TO THE SEA gathered in book form all the
many exquisite fragments which had come from
the pen of Sara Teasdale during previous years.
Joyce Kilmer, who enjoyed a reputation as a critic
as well as a poet, said in the Bookman that it was,
"Full of poetry more finely wrought than any she has
written before, and furthermore, it has the virtues of
variety in form and thought and of a wholesome and
"This is her testament," aptly wrote the Boston Tran-
script, "and the quality of her mood: 1 have heart-fire
and singing to give, and I can tread on the grass or the
stars . . / She sings about love so variously better than
any contemporary American poet that one is uncon-
sciously let to insist upon the achievement. Not with
tragic passion, nor with that exotic mysticism which
has been an importation from abroad; for all her rap-
tures and 'heart-fire* abandon, this art of hers is puri-
tanically preserved. . , . Her volume deals with many
themes, and is full of imaginative and spiritual interests.**
The late Sara Teasdale was born in St. Louis, Missouri,
on August 8, 1884. She was educated in private schools
and began writing at an early age. She married Ernst
B. Filsinger in 1914.^
Sara Teasdale was made Poet Laureate of the Missouri
State Federation of Women's Clubs in 1932 and also
Honor Poet of Poetry Week for New York State the
[ 100 ]
Among her many books o poetry and anthologies
are: Sonnets to Duse and Other Poems; Helen of Troy
and Other Poems; Love Songs; Flame and Shadow; Dark
of the Moon. She was editor of The Answering Voice,
being composed of 100 Love Lyrics by Women. She
compiled Rainbow Gold, Poems Old and New, selected
for Boys and Girls.
LYRICS AND SONNETS
By EDITH THOMAS
"ODITH THOMAS wrote her Lyrics and Sonnets at a
* ' time when the competition among women writers
in this limited field of poetry production was rather
crowded. She had, however, the kind of freshness and
grace which assures attention and even in a press which
was not exactly kind to aspirations of the ordinary
woman writer, she was able to secure attention and
The Dictionary of American Biography says: "Her
poetry was quickly recognized as bearing marks of in-
spiration. The freshness of expression, the buoyant tone,
and the exquisite finish of her lines set them in strong
contrast with those produced by other writers of the
Edith Matilda Thomas was born on August iz, 1854,
in Medina County, Ohio, and died in 1925 after a long
life and a busy one. In 1888 she came to New York and
liked it so well that she stayed. Her books may not be
so widely known to the present as to the previous gen-
eration, but the titles of her works here given will doubt-
less be familiar to many moderns. New Year's Masque
and Other Poems came out in 1895; then followed The
Round Year; Lyrics* and Sonnets; Cassia and Other
Verse; The Children of Christmas; The Guest at the
Gate; The Flower from the Ashes.
[ 101 ]
THE COLLECTED POEMS
Of ELINOR WYLIE
THIS volume of poems released after . the death of
Elinor Wylie, contains her four previously pub-
lished books: Nets to Catch the Wind; Black Armour;
Trivial Breath and Angels and Earthly Creatures. Added
to these is a section of forty-eight poems hitherto un-
collected in book form although some of them have pre-
viously appeared in the press.
To Edna Lou Walton, the reviewer in The Nation,
"Elinor Wylie stands between the very ripe yellow of
the so-called 'renaissance' poets in America (poets given
over to an exuberant exploration of the country itself
and to a tremendously emotional expression of them-
selves) Frost of New England; Sandburg and Lindsay,
of the Middle "West and the rather too cool silver of the
intellectually dogmatic classicists who hold the field in
poetry today. Had she never written her last and greatest
book she would have been one of those poets who turn
the stream of literature in a new direction. With her
last book she became in herself, an authentic artist."
Elinor Holt Wylie, American poet and novelist, was
born at Rosemont, Pennsylvania, in 1887 and died in
1928. Her education was received at Bryn Mawr and
Washington. She married William Rose Benet, the emi-
nent poet, who wrote the foreword to The Collected
Poems*. At one time Miss Wylie was associate editor of
Her first poems, Nets to Catch the Wind, published in
1921, won the Julia Ellsworth Ford prize. Black Armour,
and Trivial Breath, were received with acclaim. Her
nove began to be published in 1923, when Jennifer Lorn
was announced followed by The Venetian Glass Nephew;
The Orphan Angel; Mrs Hodge and Mr. Hazard. Her
tragic death seemed part of the drama of her life.
[ 102 ]
"Man without religion is the creature
THE SABBATH IN PURITAN NEW ENGLAND
By ALICE EAICLE
h I" 1 HIS book had its inception in an article woven
*- around some old Sabbath customs as related to the
author by her grandfather and published in The Youth's
Companion. The same article, augmented and elabo-
rated, appeared later in The Atlantic Monthly and finally
as a book. It had a great deal of the flavor of a forgotten
time which helped to foster interest in a Colonial .past
for people who had settled back contentedly to take
their Colonial backgrounds for granted.
As the Dictionary of American Biography says: "The
book was written in an entertaining fashion without
pedantry or too obtrusive scholarship."
Alice Morse Earle was born in Worcester, Massa-
chusetts, April 27, 1853, and lived until 1911. She was
educated at a local high school and at Dr. Gannett's
Boarding School in Boston. She married Henry Earle of
Brooklyn, New York, in 1874. Her life was devoted to
her literary work and year after year, book after book
appeared dealing, in the main, with the subject which
she found nearest to her interests colonial history.
Her other books include: Customs and Fashions in
Old New England; Costumes of Colonial Times; Stage
[ 103 ]
Coach and Tavern Days and other works dealing with
the same period.
SCIENCE AND HEALTH
"With Key to the Scriptures
By MARY BAKER EDDY
"TjEW manuscripts have had a more remarkable in-
*" fhience upon American religious history than that
which finally found its way into print in 1875 under
the title, Science and Health" writes Allan Johnson
in the Dictionary of American Biography.
Reverend Lyman P. Powell, Rector of St. MargaretV
in-the-Bronx (Episcopal) Church writing in The Living
Church about Mrs. Eddy and her above-mentioned book
said, "A woman, who near her threescore years published
a book, which next to the Bible has become one of the
most read and best loved books ever written. . . . The
writing of Science and Health was in itself in the cir-
cumstances a creative achievement of high signifi-
cance. . . , Hers was that real discovery which con-
sists of finding an age-old truth, appropriating it, making
it work in one's own life, sharing it with others, and
liberating it for the redemption of the world from sick-
ness, sin, and death. ... In the preface to Science and
Health she said, *the Bible was her sole teacher*."
"Mary Baker Eddy was born in New England, July
1 6th, 1821; she was reared among deeply religious and
thoughtful people, and from her earliest days was a
profound thinker. ... Of Mary Baker Eddy, much has
been written by both friends and foes; in all cases be-
cause she is known throughout the world as the Dis-
coverer and Founder of Christian Science, and the author
of its text-book, Science and Health with Key to the
Scriptures. This statement doubtless means to many.
that Mrs. Eddy has founded a new religion known as
Christian Science. To those, however, who have proved
its efficacy in overcoming disease with its attendant
suffering and fear, Mrs. Eddy's gift to humanity means
the restoration of the Christ-healing brought to the world
through Jesus of Nazareth and simply yet impressively
recorded in the Bible." Annie M. Knott in The Christian
Other books by Mrs. Eddy include: Miscellaneous
Writings; The First Church of Christ, Scientist, and
Miscellany; Manual of The Mother Church; Christ
and Christmas, (an illustrated poem) ; Unity of Good
and Other Writings; Christian Healing and Other Writ-
ings, including The People's Idea of God, Pulpit and
Press, Christian Science IAS. Pantheism.
By VlDA SCUDDER
nPHIS book is described as "a study of the first hun-
-* dred years of the Order of St. Francis of Assissi."
The history of the order during this period is centered
in the Franciscan attitude towards property. Betty
Drury, in the New York Times, states that it "is a
particularly valuable book. It is scholary and unbiassed,
and presents a careful picture of mediaeval life and
thought during the critical years of Franciscanism."
Miss Scudder's preparation is one of sympathy as
well as scholarship," wrote W. E. Garrison in the Chris-
tian Century where he reviewed the book in 1931. "The
primary problem in connection with this early period
of Franciscanism is the description, explanation and
evaluation of the transformation of a brotherhood abso-
lutely committed to the renunciation of both property
and scholarship into an order equipped with splendid
and ornate buildings, ample endowments and the para-
phernalia and personnel of learning. . . . Never has the
story of the long straggle which issued in the defeat of
the Spirituals been told with more fairness to both sides.
The 'Notes on Franciscan Literature* and especially the
chapter on that too little known spiritual hero, Jacapone
de Todi, 'the Fool of God', reveal not only knowledge
but a deep understanding of the inner life of the Francis-
Vida Scudder was born at Madeira, India, Dec. 15,
1861, being the daughter of David Coit and Harriet
Louisa Dutton Scudder. After several years in Europe,
she entered a private school in Boston and later attended
lectures at Cambridge, England. She graduated from
Smith College in 1887. Miss Scudder taught English
Literature at Wellesley College as well as writing several
books including: The Life of the Spirit in Modern Eng-
lish Poets; The Witness of Denial; Social Ideals In English
Letters and Introduction to the Study of English Litera-
Philosophy becomes poetry and science
imagination in the enthusiasm of
INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF
By CAROLINE E. FURNESS
E magazine, Science, wrote: "This work is very
timely in view of the great expansion in the past few
years, not only in the observation of the variable stars,
but more especially in the deductions from their phe-
nomena. That the book is written from the standpoint
of the teacher is well evidenced by the care taken to
explain the fundamental ideas in each chapter. . . ."
For the layman the comment of The Nation is per-
tinent: "We have here for the first time, in clear and
simple form, a sufficiently extended presentation of those
physical principles which underlie the methods and in-
struments of investigation, polarized light, analysis of
spectra, formation of photographic images, and even
the latest developments in photo-electricity."
The well-known professor of astronomy, Caroline
Furness, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on June 24,
She attended Vassar, receiving her A.B. degree in
and later a Ph.D. at Columbia. She began as an assistant
at Vassar College Observatory, was twice promoted and
since 1915 has been Alumnae Marie Mitchell professor.
She has been a special research worker at several ob-
servatories including the one in Holland. Is a member
of both the American and British Astronomy Associa-
tions; also the American Association of University Pro-
fessors; is a Fellow A.A.A.S. and belongs to other well
known organizations. Among her books are: Catalog of
Stan within i of the North Pole; and other astronomi-
cal works. Within the past few years she has traveled
around the world visiting oriental scientific institutions
on the way.
AN ATLAS OF THE MEDULLA AND MIDBRAIN
By FLORENCE R. SABIN
A REVIEW of this treatise, in Johns Hopkins Hos-
** pital Bulletin of August 1901, comments, "A study
of the labyrinth of the medulla by the student of medi-
cine is ever fraught with uncertainty and misgivings on
his part. The anatomy is so complex, the details of the
connections of the cell and nerve fibre are so complicated,
that the majority shrink from obtaining, from available
textbook literature, even a superficial insight into its
structure. Dr. Sabin's model of the 'relay station* of the
central nervous system, now elucidated by a complete
commentary, was planned to meet the need for some
simple, yet reliable method of aiding the student to ob-
tain a reasonably clear idea of the organ."
Dr. Florence Rena Sabin was born in 1871. She gradu-
ated from Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine,
in 1900. In her early days in hospital service she served
as interne, later joined the anatomical staff, and was pro-
moted from time to time until in 1917 she was made
Professor of Histology, being the first woman to attain
the rank of a full Professor in the Johns Hopkins Uni-
versity. She has written many articles for the Johns
[ 108 ]
Hopkins Hospital Bulletin which have been put into
pamphlet form, for example, A Model of the Medulla
Qblongata. According to the Bulletin **by means of an
ingenious method skillfully applied, she was able to dis-
cover the mode of origin and development of the lym-
phatic vessels of the body. This paper was awarded the
$1000 prize offered by the Naples Table Association.*'
Her portrait was given to the Johns Hopkins Univer-
sity on February 23, 1920, at which time Dr. "William H.
Howell in his speech of presentation spoke of Dr. Sabin
as one of its "most distinguished graduates and one
who had contributed much of real worth to the building
up of the School and to the establishment of its reputa-
tion as a center of medical research."
"Nothing is lost on him who $ees
With an eye that feeling gave;
For him there's a story in every breeze
And a picture in every wave"
By ALICE BROWN
JkfEADOW GRASS is described as "Short tales of
JJr J. ]\j ew England village life, characterized by joyous,
outdoor spirit and a keen delight for the open air.**
One realizes that the author is writing on a subject
with which she is well familiar. She brings to her scenes
that personal touch that lends charm and continuity to
the background of the story. New England, where so
many writers have found their inspiration, finds in Alice
Brown an interpreter sympathetic to the people and to
These short stories "succeed in conveying a singular
impression of reality in both place and people" is the
comment from the Committee of Selection.
Alice Brown is one of the many women writers whom
New England seems naturally to have encouraged.
She was born at Hampton Falls, New Hampshire, De-
cember 5, 1857, and, like many girls of her time, was
given as good an education as the century offered. She
attended Robinson Seminary, Exeter, New Hampshire.
Her record of production is long and excellent. Best
[ no ]
known among her various works are Old Crow; Ellen
Prior; The Mysteries of Ann, which was published in
1913 ; "Dear Old Templeton; The Marriage Feast.
OLD CHESTER TALES
By MARGARET DELANJ>
ORE stories of Dr. Lavendar and his parish," com-
ments the Cleveland Library bulletin and adds,
"Dr. Lavendar has been described as e one of the few
living American figures in American fiction.* "
The contents of this volume constitute a mosaic pic-
ture of a society with which Margaret Deland was
familiar. She has an excellent faculty for extracting just
those characteristics which isolate sections from each
other and people from sections. She has a further faculty
for breathing into her creations just the right color,
the right line, the right tone to make them live. The
reader is given fascinatingly humorous glimpses of the
life which an older time left pulsing feebly in Old Ches-
ter, made familiar with the small secrets and the small
Intrigues, made to like and respect the individual pains
and joys of these seemingly ordinary folk. Margaret
Deland's gift is the sort which preserves vitality long
after the material which inspired it is exhausted.
Margaretta Campbell, who wrote under the name of
Margaret Deland, was born in Pittsburgh when the
Nineteenth Century was just past its meridian, in Feb-
ruary 1857. In the Pittsburgh of her day there were
many things of Interest for a young and perspicacious
lass to see, but her first works, Old Garden and Other
Verses; Philip and His Wife; Florida Days; Sidney; and
The Story of a Child, were all the kind which might
have been written by one who was woman first and
C "i ]
Her later works Include The Wisdom of Fools; Dr.
Lavendafs People; The Rising Tide; New Friends in
A NEW ENGLAND NUN AND OTHER STORIES
By MARY WILKINS FREEMAN
TT IS a serious group of stories in this book, one of the
* best known short story collections. The penchant of
the author for the dark and staid colors of life's experi-
ence is felt throughout the pages. She was a close stu-
dent of her environment, an exact annotator, a precise
and realistic commentator. And when she drew conclu-
sions about character and motivation, she was generally
right In her analysis.
The stories cluster around the New England village
which she knew so well. Often she is able to plunge be-
low the surface of commonplace happenings to a strata
of pathetic dissimulation. Always she manages to keep
her characters on the three dimensional plane. Of the
twenty-four stories included, the one which gives its
name to the volume as a whole, is often considered the
Mary E. "wllkins Freeman was born In i$6z at Ran-
dolph, Massachusetts. She is a poet as well as short story
writer. Among her volumes are A Humble Komance;
Young Lucretian; Jane Field; Giles Corey; Pembroke;
Jerome; Silence; The Love of Parson Lord; The Heart's
Highway; Understudies; Six Trees; The Wind in the
IN THE TENNESSEE MOUNTAINS
By CHARLES EGBERT CRADDOCK
(MARY N. MURFREE)
TT IS a bit queer nowadays to find that as short a time
-"" ago as 1884, women who wanted to write thought it
politic to assume masculine names. That is why Mary
N. Murf ree is known to many as Charles Egbert Crad-
dock. This assumption of a male disguise often gave a
woman license to express the virility she brought to her
contacts with people and things,
Mary N. Murfree thus attained frankness and full
expression in the collection of short stories In The
Tennessee Mountains. Her eight tales are strong in their
dramatization of the fierce, primitive natures of the
rugged and uncouth dwellers in the Great Smoky Moun-
tains. With fidelity and understanding she reproduces
their rude dialect and their ruder living quarters and
amusements. The magnificent scenic background, the
gloomy valleys and the sun-flooded peaks are also fully
Mary N. Murfree was borjn in 1850 in Murfreesboro,
Tennessee, and spent her early years there, spending sum-
mers in the mountains where much of her material for
her books was collected. She wrote under the pseudonym
of Charles Egbert Craddock and was thought to be a
masculine writer for some time. Her first short stories
were published in 1878 in the Atlantic Monthly. Her
best known stories are The Prophet of the Great Smoky
Mountain; Down the Ravine; In The Tennessee Moun-
tains. She lived between the period of 1850 to 1922.
[ 3 ]
fe Not a truth has to art or to science
But brows have ached for it, and souls
foiled and striven"
WOMEN IN INDUSTRY
By EDITH ABBOTT
THE subtitle of this book is "A Story in American
Economic History." It deals with the employment
of women at the time when women workers were new in
the industrial field. The author uses the subtle method of
statistic and historical sequence in tracing women's par-
ticipation in industry up to the present. Interesting is
the survey explaining and detailing the work of women
in the past and the kinds of work done. A special section
takes up the problem of wages for women and the book
closes with the much discussed topic of "Public Opinion
and the Working Woman."
The American Historical "Review in January 1910
commented, "As an historical study it deserves praise,
having the high qualities of thoroughness, trustworthi-
ness and readableness." The American Library Associa-
tion Booklist observes: "There is no other comprehen-
sive historical treatment of American conditions."
On September 26, 1876, Edith Abbott was born in
Grand Island, Nebraska. She received an A.B. from the
University of Nebraska and the honorary degree of
[ "4 ]
Doctor of Literature in 15? 17. She was a Fellow in political
economy at the University of Chicago in 1903 to 1905,
later receiving a Ph.D. She also studied at the University
of London, England, and received an LL.D. from Beloit
College in Wisconsin in 1924. She became an instructor in
Political Science at Wellesley and later Associate Di-
rector of the Chicago School of Civics. In rapid suc-
cession she was advanced from a faculty member of the
University of Chicago through several positions to be-
come the Dean of the Graduate School of Social Service
Her works include: Women in Industry; Immigration;
Historical Aspects of the Immigration Problem; Crime
and the Foreign Born; and several other books in col-
laboration with S. P. Breckenridge.
WOMAN SUFFRAGE AND POLITICS
CARRIE CHAPMAN CATT
and NETTIE ROGERS SHULER
THE pages of this book take in the period from the
first Woman's Rights Convention in 1 848 up to the
passage of the nineteenth amendment in 1920. For many
years the authors were connected with the work .and their
ardent labor undoubtedly was a major factor in the
passage of the bill. The book gives interesting material
relative to the bearing of American politics upon the
question in hand; the activities of its opponents which
caused the delay that made America the twenty-seventh
country to grant the privilege of the vote to women,
though being among the first in which it was sought.
The book clearly outlines the "interests" that attempted
to block progress in America.
Woman Suffrage and Politics is a volume which
history will use as a textbook; laymen read with illu-
t "5 ]
initiation and the women of the future praise as an
authentic record of what women of the nineteenth and
twentieth centuries left as their legacy. Selected for
this list of one hundred best books by women as "repre-
sentative of a great cause and a long fight."
On January 9, 1859, Carrie Chapman Catt was born
in Ripon, Wisconsin. She attended the State College of
Iowa; took a special course in law and was principal of
the High School and later General Superintendent of
Schools at Mason City, Iowa. She married Leo Chapman
who died. She later married George "William Catt.
Mrs. Catt organized the Iowa Women's Suffrage As-
sociation. She later became National President of the
Association and worked for the cause in nearly every
state, being the leader in the campaign to submit the
woman suffrage amendment to the Federal Constitution
which was successfully passed and ratified on August
Nettie Rogers Shuler, lecturer and writer, was born
in Buffalo, November 8, 1865. Her education was at the
Buffalo High School, with special training in languages,
history and art. On March 31, 1887, she married Frank
J. Shuler. Mrs. Shuler was Corresponding Secretary-
Treasurer of the National American Woman's Suffrage
Association. She also served as President of the New
York State and the New York City Federation of
REMARKS ON PRISONS AND PRISON
DISCIPLINE IN THE UNITED STATES
By DOROTHEA LYNDE Due
IS book is the record of the life of its author work-
ing for prison reform. By the time she had reached
the age of forty-five, she had traveled from Nova Scotia
to the Gulf of Mexico and had visited eighteen peni-
tentiaries, three hundred county jails and houses of cor-
rection and well over five hundred almshouses. Because
of her ardent work, twenty states established asylums
incorporating her reforms. In 1854 she secured the inter-
est of Congress to pass a bill granting over twelve mil-
lion acres of public lands to be used for work to help
the afflicted* but it was vetoed by President Pierce and for
a time Miss Dix was greatly disappointed.
Later, after a brief rest, she again took up her work
and extended her activities to many foreign countries.
During the Civil War, she became superintendent of
women nurses. She served all through the war without
a day's furlough. Her life-long work exposing the then
existing evil conditions in prisons brought about radical
changes for betterment.
Dorothea Lynde Dix, philanthropist, was born at
Hampton, Maine, on April 4, 1802. When about thirty-
eight years old she became interested in the treatment of
the insane. She studied the asylums in Massachusetts and,
in 1843, addressed a petition to the State Legislature
which resulted in improved conditions. She carried her
interest and labors all over the United States and was
undoubtedly one of the important pioneers in many
changes that followed. She extended her studies to Europe
and contributed substantially to the betterment of con-
ditions of the insane. She died July 17, 1887 in Trenton,
HUSBANDS AND HOMES
By MARION HAKXAND
"PROM The Bookman of March, 1904, one may quote
* the author's own words relative to her work; "I be-
lieve, that I am recognized as the pioneer in having dig-
nified domestic literature, and that this has given me my
strongest hold upon the great body of American women."
[ 7 ]
The Outlook of June 14, 19223 pays tribute to this
writer and her work in the following passage; "There
was no American city so great, no crossroads village so
remote, but that the name of Marion Harland was as
familiar there as if she had been a President of the United
States. It is doubtful if any other American woman has
had a longer career as a writer."
Marion Harland was the pseudonym for Mary Virginia
Hawes Terhune, known as the author of several books
written in the early fifties and sixties of the nineteenth
century. She was born in Ameila County, Virginia, on
December ai, 1831. She married Rev. Edward Payson
Terhune at the age of twenty-five. She was known as a
domestic economist as well as novelist. Her nimble mind
and versatile pen reflected both in her writings. Her books
were considered wholesome and popular reading and her
style was "vigorous in its portrayal."
She is also author of Hidden Path} Moss Side; At Last;
Helen Gardner; True as Steel and other books on such
varied subjects as cooking, travel, biography and fiction.
MY STORY OF THE WAR
By MARY A. LIVERMORE
MRS. LIVERMORE'S material for this work con-
sisted of the letters and papers which she wrote and
received during the Civil War and which were carefully
preserved by her husband and fellow-worker, Dr. Liver-
more. They reveal excellent glimpses of the reaction
of those whom Mrs. Livermore knew, the conditions
among the women who were left behind, and the heroism
of many other women who went to the front. Some
of the most interesting chapters are those in which the
author relates all she knew and saw of Abraham Lincoln.
She had the privilege of long conversations with him at
various times. The sub-title of the book is, tf A Woman's
Narrative of Four Years of Personal Experiences"
A reviewer said of the author in an edition of The
Spectator in 1889, "Such women vindicate Nature from
the monstrous theories of those doctors who would have
us treat the sex as one of preordained invalids . . ."
Of the appearance of Mrs. Livermore he wrote that "she
had a very impressive presence, a stately figure and fea-
tures at once sweet and massive ... a type rather of
some old Mother-Goddess of Greece than a modern nerv-
ous and fragile American lady."
Mary Livermore, the reformer, was born in Boston,
Massachusetts, December 19, 1820 and was educated
at the Hancock School in Boston and the Charleston
Female Academy. She applied for admission to Harvard
but was refused by President Quincy. Through her liter-
ary activities, she became well known as a lecturer and
also a critic, but it was her work in connection with
sanitation that spread her fame far and wide. She was
connected with the Sanitary Commission and did notable
work during the Civil War. She was also in the forefront
of women's fight for equal rights.
COMING OF AGE IN SAMOA
By MARGARET MEAD
DOMING OF AGE IN SAMOA, is sub-titled, "A
^ ^ Psychological Study of Primitive Youth for West-
ern Civilization." It gives the social life and custom of
the country. Such an authoritative source as the Ameri-
can Anthropologist describes the book as: "Dealing with
problems incomparably subtler than those which usually
engage the ethnographer's attention, she has not merely
added much in the way of illuminating information, but
also illustrated a new method of study that is bound to
find followers and to yield an even richer harvest."
According to The Saturday Review: "If this work is
written in the first instance for the teacher and the psy-
chologist, there is much in it to attract the general reader;
the brilliant description of life at the present time forms
a satisfactory background to the picture of the young
girl's education," to which might be added the words
of M. E. Johnson in The Saturday Review of Literature*
"The essential importance of the book lies in its appli-
cation of ethnological technique to the study of primitive
groups. It is important also that the findings have been
made so interestingly available to the general reader."
The well-known museum curator and anthropologist,
Margaret Mead, is a Philadelphian, having been born
there on December 16, 1901. She received her education
at Doyleston High School and later at New Hope College
for Girls. In 1919 she attended DePauw University and
Barnard College in 1920, also did special work at Col-
umbia. Her degrees are B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. She is
married to Reo F. Fortune.
Her books include An Inquiry into the Cultural Sta-
bility in Polynesia; Growing up in Neut Guinea; The
Social Organization of Manua.
WOMAN AND THE NEW RACE
By MARGARET SANGER
IN HIS preface to this book, Havelock Ellis says that
"its contents are already familiar ... to the few who
think, but to the millions and to the handful of superior
persons whom the millions elect to rule them, they are
not familiar, yet it is a matter of vital importance to the
race that they should be." The reason why is clearly set
forth in the book. Among the chapters are; Woman's
Error and Her Debt; Woman's Struggle for Freedom;
The Material of the New Race. The Nation, observes it
is a "Calm, temperate, informed, sound and winning
book." The Survey of February 12, 1921, stated; "While
C o ]
Mrs. Sanger's book contains nothing new to students of
the subject, it is an excellent summary of the argu-
ments for voluntary motherhood."
The work of Margaret Sanger is that of a pioneer in
focussing attention on the cause she was advancing.
The author has literally fought for her cause, even to
the extent of suffering prison bars during the early days
of her street-corner campaigning.
This book is "an important contribution to the welfare
of women everywhere," comments one of the judges.
Margaret Sanger was born in Corning, New York, on
September 14, 1883, and was educated at Corning and
Claverock College at Hudson, New York. She attended
the Nurses Training School of White Hospital and took
post graduate work at the School of Manhattan Eye and
Ear Hospital. She married William Sanger of New York
City in 1900 and later J. Noah H. Slee in 1922. Mrs.
Sanger is editor of the Birth Control Review, also pub-
lisher and editor of The Woman Rebel. Among her books
are: What Every Girl Should Know; What Every Mother
Should Know; The Pivot of Civilization; Woman and the
New Race. She organized the first World Population
Conference, held in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1927.
"The use of travelling is to regulate im-
maginatlon by reality, and, instead of
thinking how things may be, to see
them as they are"
CARL AKELEY'S AFRICA
By MARY L. AKELEY
HpHIS is an account of the Akeley-Eastman-Pomeroy
-* Expedition for the American Museum of Natural
History written by the leader's wife, Mary Akeley, who
accompanied the expedition. The Christian Century stated
that "no man could have a nobler monument than such
a book, which is not only a tribute of affection, but a
manifestation of intelligent sympathy with his pur-*
pose." The book tells of many incidents and experiences
of the expedition and is an excellent companion book to
those written by Carl Akeley himself.
Carl Akeley was the first person to bring back the
hides of the animals he had chosen as specimens for the
museum and actually make a sculpture base of the
animal, true to life, over which the large skin was later
applied, to be a permanent structure. In this way, the
contour of the body, the size of the animal and all the
original outlines were true to its living form. This
was a new kind of taxidermy and made Carl Akeley
known as a great sculptor as well as scientist. Some of
his work in bronze is now on exhibit in the Museum of
Natural History in New York where he was associated
for many years prior to his death.
c i i
Mary L. Jobe Akeley, was born January 29, 1886, and
is an author and explorer herself. She received her Ph.D.
degree from Scio College in 1905 and was also a student
in Bryn Mawr. Mount Union College honored her with
the Doctorate of Literature. She married Carl Akeley in
1924. Prior to that time she had been a teacher of Ameri-
can History in Hunter College and was the founder and
owner of Camp Mystic. She has been a member of ex-
ploring parties in Canada and Africa. She is a member
of many honorary societies and author of Adventure in
the African Jungle; Gorillas and their Neighbors.
SPANISH HIGHWAYS AND BYWAYS
By KATHERINE LEE BATES
TN THIS book Katherine Lee Bates gives a vivacious
-^- account of a tour along the regular routes, the only
"Byway** being a trip through the Basque provinces.
The author's impression of the Spaniard is sprightly,
graphic and clever.
A review of the book which appeared in The Did
of 1901 reads: "The book contains a pleasant chapter on
the gypsies and one of some length on the Choral games
of Spanish children, a disquisition which should be of
interest to the paedologist. . . . The author visited the
Falaise Fair in a char-a-banc, and in brisk style she nar-
rates the scenes there witnessed."
Miss Bates carried with her the qualities which make
a good traveler always. She was eager, objectively alert.
She never demanded of her surroundings anything they
did not have to give. The result is a travel book of rare
charm and grace.
At Falmouth, Massachusetts, on August 12, 1859,
Katherine Lee Bates was born. She was educated in the
grammar school there and the High School at Wellesley,
[ "3 ]
graduating from Wellesley College in 1880. After study-
ing and teaching elsewhere, she was appointed in 1890 as
Professor of English literature at "Wellesley. She con-
tributed to many magazines. Her works include English
Religions Drama and American Literature.
NEW ORLEANS, THE PLACE AND THE PEOPLE
By GRACE KING
KING gives "in her New Orleans, the
place and the People, the most vivid portrayal of
what might be called the personality of the old city.
It is something more than a history, for it adds to the
historian's fidelity to fact, the novelist's sense of life and
the poet's feeling for romance," comments Albert Phelps
in The Library of Southern Literature.
"To the people of New Orleans, she became a symbol
of their culture, the best representative of their city's
charm and hospitality. Her literary work received com-
mendation for its sincerity, its sensitive observation and
a quality of style, more French than English, which
was at once an expression of personality and appropriate
to the matters described," aptly stated the Dictionary of
Grace Elizabeth King, author, was born on November
29, 1852, in New Orleans, and was educated in that
city. "After the age of governesses and the home in-
struction of the four war years passed on a plantation,
she attended the old French Institute St. Louis described
in her Monsieur Motte. She became the pupil of Miss
Heloise Cenas and attributed much of her success to her
instruction. She could speak French, German and Span-
ish as fluently as English," records the Dictionary of
She has contributed to many magazines, was active
[ 124 ]
in many cultural and philanthropic organizations, served
as secretary of the Louisiana Historical Society and was
made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and Letters
Her works include The Tales of Time and Place; Jean
Baptiste Lemoine; founder of New Orleans; Balcony
Stories; History of Louisiana; Creole Families of New
Orleans; Memoirs of a Southern Lady of Letters.
PORTS AND HAPPY PLACES
By CORNELIA STRATTON PARKER
**\Jf RS. PARKER takes her two sons, eleven and thir-
-LVX. teenj an( j Uttle daughter aged five, to Europe. The
first part of the book describes her stay in an old Kloster
in Stein-am-Rhein while the boys were at school, but
the greater part of the book is devoted to descriptions
of the holiday trips with them, mostly with rucksacks
oa backs, traveling in all manner of conveyances in
'Parker style* through Germany, Switzerland, Austria,
Italy, ending with a trip to Spain, for once in real tourist
elegance under the guidance of Cook's . . /* summarizes
The Book Review Digest.
Ports and Happy Places is more than just a descrip-
tion of travel. It is full of Mrs. Parker's theories of
bringing up her children. She has, as Raymond Holden
wrote in The New Republic, ". . , gusto, forbearance
and resolution. Her book is something more than a de-
lightful personal record. It is a document of exploration
in regions which still for all their ruin and their shroud of
history have something to yield to a brilliant young
American and her brood. One feels that the youthful
Parkers will be worth watching."
Cornelia Stratton Parker, the author, was born in
Oakland, California, on September i, 1885. She studied
at the University of Washington and the New School of
C "5 ]
Social Research in New York City. She married Carleton
H. Parker of California in 1907.
She has served as Assistant in the Department of
Economics of the University of California and has gained
much experience through working in factories. She
lived and lectured in Geneva, Switzerland, for several
years* She is author of An American Idyll; Working with
the Working Woman; Ports and Happy Places; More
Ports and More Happy Places; Watching Europe Grow;
English Summer; and was editor of The Casual Laborer.
A WOMAN TENDERFOOT IN EGYPT
By GRACE THOMPSON SETON
A WOMAN TENDERFOOT in Egypt is the author's
impression of Egypt based on a trip through that
expansive country. It combined exploration with serious
sociological study, a contrast of the women of the coun-
try and of the modern feminist movement there. It tells
of the outstanding women leaders of Egypt and their
efforts toward advancement, seeking political as well as
social freedom through their organizations known as
"La Femme Nouvelle" and the "Ladies' Waf d."
Grace Thompson Seton has the rare faculty of vivid
portrayal as she literally takes the reader with her into
the fascinating episodes and thrilling experiences of
her explorations. From one corner of the globe to the
opposite, Mrs. Seton's agile pen, keen eye and sparkling
wit, carries her readers.
Sacramento, California, was the birthplace of Grace
Thompson Seton, the eminent author, poet, lecturer and
explorer. She began newspaper work in Paris in 1894
and married Ernest Thompson Seton, the naturalist, on
June i, 1896. Mrs. Seton has been a frequent contributor
to magazines and newspapers. She has served as leader
of many prominent organizations, held the Presidency
[ "6 ]
of the Pen and Brush Club for nearly fifteen years,
was President of the National League of American Pen
Women twice, chief pioneer of the Girl Pioneers and
was active in Woman's Suffrage work. She organized
and directed the Woman's Motor Unit of Le Bien-etre
du Blesse, Woman's City Club in France, for which
she was decorated by the French government. She was
active in the Liberty Loan campaigns and was Con-
necticut Chairman of the Anna Howard Shaw Memorial.
She is a member of the Authors* League of America.
Her books include: A Woman Tenderfoot in the Rockies;
Nimrod's Wife; Chinese Lanterns; Magic Waters; and
Yes, Ijidy Saheb, which won the First Prize of the
National League of American Pen Women. She has
also written several books in collaboration with her
HOUSE OF EXILE
By NORA WALN
TT IS inevitable that Nora Wain's book should be com-
* pared to Pearl Buck's work, but hers, "in contrast to
the picture the Missionary's daughter gives us of the
peasantry of China, is a convincing view of life among a
family whose name for generations has been built into
their people's history, who for centuries have been cos-
mopolitans, whose background is beauty and dignity,"
writes Mary Ross in Books.
The story tells of the experiences of a daughter of
a Quaker family of Philadelphia in the home of a Chi-
nese family of high rank. She was taken in by her Chi-
nese friends as a daughter in the House, She saw all the
routine, the ritual, the beauty of its ordered existence.
As J. Donald Adams comments in the New York
Times Book Review of April 23, 1933, "Not often does
life bring to anyone of us experiences comparable to
those which have filled the last twelve years in the life
[ "7 ]
of Nora Wain. And when that person whose lot has
been cast in such unusual circumstances has been
equipped with a remarkable sensitivity to new impres-
sions and the ability to marshal them into words which
will convey to others a vivid sense of personal participa-
tion, the result may be a book like The Home of Exile/'
Nora Wain was born in the latter part of the nine-
teenth century. As she comments in her book, "My own
interests in China began in 1904. 1 was then in my ninth
year." Her people had traded with a Chinese family for
generations. It was a letter written on June 19, 1804, by
J. S. Wain that made his descendant, Nora Wain, five
generations later, welcome to the 650-year old Lin House
in China, where she went to live in the House of Exile.
The letter was treasured by the Lin who for years en-
deavored to locate a member of the Wain family, and
not until a member of the Chinese family recalled that
they were Quakers was Nora Wain located at Swarth-
more. And so, in 1920, she went to China where she
lived for two years absorbing material from which she
wrote her book.
She married an Englishman in the Chinese government
service and has lived in China most of the time since.
ft lt would be well for us all, old
and young> to remember that our
words and actions, ay, and our
thoughts also, are set upon never-
stopping wheels, rolling on and on
unto the pathway of eternity. 9 '
M. M. BREWSTER.