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Edited by 

Chairman, Committee of Selection 

Published by 

West Adams Street, Chicago 





Published by 


222 West Adams Street s Chicago 



25 '34 



n We should accustom the mind to keep 
the best company by introducing if only 
to the best hooks." 



Foreword by President of the National Council 

of Women ................................ 9 

Introduction by Chairman of the Committee of 

Selection ....... , ......................... n 

List of The One Hundred Best Books by Ameri- 

can Women During the Past One Hundred Years 17 
Reviews of the one hundred books selected and 

biographies of their authors .................. 21 

Biography .................................. 2.1 

Drama .................................... 39 

Essays ..................................... 45 

Fiction .................................... 51 

Humor .................................... 72, 

Juvenile ................................... 76 

Poetry .................................... 88 

Religion ........... ...,. .................. 103 

Science .................................... 1 07 

Short Stories ............................... no 

Social Science ............................... 114 

Travel .................................... i zz 


TT IS valuable every now and then for women of many 
-* countries to come together for the discussion of their 
own and of world problems. Through such mutual in- 
terchange of opinion comes real progress. It was this 
motive which inspired the International Congress of 
"Women in connection with the Chicago World's Fair 
of 1893, and the woman movement all over the world 
was quickened and stimulated as a result. 

The year 1933 brought another exposition to Chi- 
cago A Century of Progress, It was fitting, then, that 
the International Congress of Women should meet in 
Chicago in 1933 under the auspices of the National 
Council of Women to evaluate what women have ac- 
complished since 1893, to give a new focus and direction 
to the activities of organized womanhood. 

Of such an International Congress an International 
Women Writers* Conclave was an appropriate part. For 
it is the writers of any generation who interpret to the 
world the thinking of that generation. It is through 
them that the purposes of such a gathering become 
manifest. We must depend upon them to make lucid 
the ideals of our recent International Congress. 

Considering the time, the place and the occasion, 
what more appropriate also than to include as part 
of such a Women Writers" Conclave a survey of the 
progress of women in the field of writing? Through 
a review of the works of women writers of the past 
we gain a clear picture of the changing trends of thought 
in generations that are gone. Thus it was that was born 
the idea of assembling the list of the one hundred best 
books written by women in the past hundred years. 

[ 9 ] 

Grace Thompson Seton, Chairman of Letters of the 
National Council of Women, who conceived the idea of 
the International Women Writers' Conclave, chose 
Anita Browne as the Chairman, to organize a Committee 
of Selection which should compile the list. The result 
of their work was announced at the Women Writers* 
Conclave at the International Congress of Women held 
at the Palmer House, Chicago, in July, 1933. 

Selected by a group of eminent literary people and by 
members of the faculty of leading colleges, these hundred 
books represent the judgment of intellectuals as to the 
best feminine thinking of the past century. They in- 
terpret the woman of yesterday and today and forecast 
the woman of tomorrow. 


President, National Council of Women 


THE list of one hundred best books by women during 
the past one hundred years, when announced in the 
press of the nation during the International Congress of 
Women, in Chicago, in July, 1933, evoked widespread 
interest and approbation. It lifted dramatically into 
public thought the wealth of literature contributed by 
women writers of that period. This volume, providing 
in more permanent form the findings of the Committee 
of Selection, constitutes a timely record of the occasion 
as well as a tribute to a group of women whose names 
lend lustre to the literary, social and political history of 
our nation. 

In the endeavor to formulate a plan of selection broad 
enough to include varied opinions and so authoritative 
as to command critical support, the Chairman of the 
Committee of Selection obtained the cooperation of a 
Book Council composed of a group of the foremost 
authors of the day and established authorities in the 
world of arts and letters. The term "best** was decided 
upon as indicative of the purpose, as the word "best** 
at its best cannot be too literally construed; it is largely 
a matter of point of view. The best for one might not 
be the choice of all, for, as William Lyon Phelps has 
said, "Literature is like a garden: one enters and admires 
the flowers, but one has individual preferences." 

To insure the broadest possible scope in the selection, 
a preliminary list of books was made by a College Book 
Committee. Acceptances to serve on this committee were 
received from more than sixty of the leading colleges 
and universities of the United States. In each case, repre- 
sentation was by the president or an appointed fac- 

[ 3 

ulty member. This preliminary list included several hun- 
dred noteworthy books, representing the total of all the 
books submitted by the College Book Committee. 

This list o books was submitted to each member of 
the Book Council. A voluntary comment of one of the 
Council, upon receiving the list, was, "Let me say that 
the books selected were intelligently chosen and it was 
wonderful to view woman's accomplishments over a 
period of one hundred years. They have added much to 
the sum of achievement in literature. 5 * 

After the members of the Book Council had rendered 
their decisions, their lists were carefully tabulated. The 
one hundred books having the most credit marks formed 
the final selection. 

Only one book by an author was selected. It is in- 
teresting to note that forty per cent of the books were 
written prior to 1900. That the majority of books listed 
were written since is but natural. It indicates the rapid 
growth of women not only in literary work but in other 
forms of accomplishment. It is logical also to judge those 
books written prior to 1900 according to the literary 
standards of the times. Each volume on the list was 
chosen, not alone for its literary merit, but also as being 
representative of the period in which it appeared and for 
its influence in molding public thought and opinion. 

In this book, following the complete list of the one 
hundred books, will be found a brief review of each work 
together with a biographical sketch of the author. Inso- 
far as possible, the review consists of comments taken 
from authoritative sources at the time of publication of 
each book. In some instances there is an added statement 
from a member of the Book Council, epitomizing the 
reason for selection. 

If this compilation serves to stimulate interest in read- 
ing the volumes with which one may not be familiar, or 
in re-reading those which are already old friends, it will 

c i 

indeed have served a useful purpose. May it bring to its 
readers some measure of the pleasure which the work of 
selection brought to the Committee and serve to bind 
together, even more strongly, the hearts of all lovers of 
literature, even as the circumambient sky is a neighborly 
roof to all nations. 


Chairman, Committee of Selection 


ANITA BROWNE, Chairman, Founder-organizer of Poetry Week. 
Chairman of poetry for General Federation of Women's Clubs* 
and Literary Adviser of the New York State Federation of 
Women's Clubs, organized the following Book Council and Col- 
lege Book Committee; 


FAITH BALDWIN, Author, scenario and short story -writer. Author 

of Alimony, Skyscraper and other volumes. 
ELLIS PARKER BUTLER, President of the Authors Club. Author of 

over twenty-five books since his famous Pigs is Pigs was pub- 

lished in 1906. 
STEPHEN VINCENT BENET, poet. Won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry 

with his volume John Brown's Body. 
ALICE BOOTH. Member of the Editorial staff of Good Housekeep- 

ing Magazine. 
Louis BROMFIELD. Author of Early Autumn, which won, the Pulit- 

zer Prize in 1926. 
MRS. HARRY J. BURNKAM. Chairman of Literature of the General 

Federation of Women's Clubs. 
CONINGSBY DAWSON. Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society. 

Author of many books and short stories. 
BABETTE DEUTSCH. Poet. Author of Honey Out of the Rock. 

Honor Poet of Poetry Week in New York State for 1933- 
NATHAN HASKELL DOLE. Author of over thirty books. Has been 

associated with several prominent New York publishers as editor. 
IRITA VAN DOREN. Editor of N the Book Section of the New York 

Herald Tribune. 
ROBERT FROST. Pulitzer Prize winner in Poetry in 1924 an<3 1930. 

Faculty member of Amherst College. Former poet in residence 

at the University of Michigan. 
WILFRED J. FUNK. President of Funk and Wagnalls. Publisher of 

The Literary Digest. Author of two books of poetry. 
ZONA GALE. Author. Chairman of the Wisconsin Free Library 

Commission and Honorary member of Phi Beta Kappa. 
JOHN WESLEY HILL. Clergyman and author. Founder of Asiatic 

Branch of International Peace Forum. 
FANNIE HURST. Author and lecturer. Feature and scenario write*:. 

[ 14 ] 

HENDRIK WILLEM VAN LOON. Author and journalist. Former 

Associate Editor of Baltimore Sun. 
FULTON OURSLER. Editor of Liberty Magazine 1931. Novelist, 

playwright and scenario writer. 
JULIA PETERKIN. Author. Contributor to the American Mercury, 

The Saturday Evening Post, Century and other magazines. 
RUSSELL POTTER. Director of the Institute of Arts and Sciences 

of Columbia University. 
CHARLES EDWARD RUSSELL. Pulitzer Prize winner in Biography in 

1927. Former publisher of the Chicago American and City Editor, 

New York World. 
DON SEITZ. Author. Former Editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, and 

Assistant Editor of the Outlook. 
IDA M. TARE ELL. Author. President of Pen and Brush Club for 

twenty years. 
CHARLES HANSON TOWNE. Poet and author. Literary Editor of 

The New York American. 
THORNTON WILDER. Author of The Bridge of San Luis Rey, and 

other volumes. A professor at the University of Chicago. 
DR. BLANCHE COLTON WILLIAMS, head of the English Department 

at Hunter College. Short story authority. Compiled the O. Henry 

Memorial Prize Stories from 1919 to 


Alabama College 

Acadia University, Nova Scotia 

University of Arkansas 

Baylor College for Women, 


Berea College, Kentucky 
Bethany College, West Virginia 
Birmingham-Southern College 
Boston University 
Bowdoin College, Maine 
College of the City of New 


Colorado College 
Columbia University, New York 
Connecticut College 
Earlham College, Indiana 
Elmira College, New York 
Saint Francis Xavier University, 

Nova Scotia 

Furman University, South Caro- 

Georgia School of Technology 
Grenada College, Mississippi 
Grinnell College, Iowa 
Hanipden-Sydney College, Va. 

University of Hawaii 
Hollins College, Virginia 
Hood College, Maryland 
Hunter College, New York 
Lake Erie College, Ohio 
Lincoln Memorial University, 


Linderwood College, Missouri 
Long Island University, New 


Louisiana Polytechnic Institute 
Marietta College, Ohio 
Mercer University, Georgia 
Miami University, Ohio 
Millsaps College, Mississippi 
University of Minnesota 
Milwaukee-Downer College, 


University of Montana 
Mt. Holyoke College, Massa- 

University of Mississippi 
McKendree College, Illinois 
University of Nevada 
University of New Hampshire 

New York University 
University of North Carolina 
University of North Dakota 
Northwestern University, 111. 
Oklahoma College for Women 
Oregon State System of Higher 

Pennsylvania College for 


University of Porto Rico 
Randolph Macon Woman's Col- 

lege, Virginia 

Roanoke College, Virginia 
Rosary College, Illinois 
Rutgers University, New Jersey 
State College of Washington 
Vassar College, New York 
Washington College, Maryland 
Washington and Jefferson Col- 

lege, Pennsylvania 
University of Washington 
Wheaton College, Massachusetts 
Wittenberg College, Ohio 
Yale University, Connecticut 




100 YEARS 



TWENTY YEARS AT HULL HOUSE, by Jane Ad Jams (19*0) 
CATHERINE THE GREAT, by Katherine Anthony (19*5) 

Elizabeth Cady Stan f on and Matilda Joslyn Gage (1881) 
THE PROMISED LAND, by Mary An fin (1912) 
EARTH: HORIZON, by Mary Austin (15*3 2) 

Ttickinson Bianchi (1924) 

by Mrs. Harriet C. Brown (1929) 
MOZART, by Marcia Davenport (1932) 
ANGBLS AND AMAZONS, by Inez Haynes Invin ( 
THE STORY OF MY LIFE, by Helen Keller (190 
JOHN KEATS, by Amy Lowell (*9*5) 

by Agnes Repplier (1929) 

by Corinne Roosevelt Robinson (1921) 
THE STORY OF A PIONEER, by Anna Howard Shaw (19 
LIFE OP ABRAHAM LINCOLN, by Ida M. Tarbell (1900) 
GLIMPSES OF FIFTY YEARS, by Frances Willard (1889) 


WHEN LADIES MEET, by Rachel Crothers (193*) 
THE POOR LITTLE RICH GIRL, by Eleanor Gates (191 2) 
ALISON'S HOUSE, by Susan Glaspell (1930) 
THE PIPER, by Josephine Vreston Veabody (1909) 

r 17 ] 

FASHION, by Anna Cora Mowatt Ritchie (1845) 
SUN-UP, by Lulu Vollmer 


ON UNDERSTANDING WOMEN, by Mary Beard (193*) 
LETTERS FROM NEW YORK, by Lydla Child (1843) 
GODEY'S LADY'S BOOK, Sarah /. Hale, Editor (1837) 
POETS AND THEIR ART, by Harriet Monroe (1926) 
PAPERS ON LITERATURE AND ART, by Margaret Fulkr Qssoli 


THE CONQUEROR, by Gertrude Atherton (1902) 

THE GOOD EARTH, by Pearl Buck (193*) 

DEATH COMES FOR THE ARCHBISHOP, by Willa Cat her (ij?i/) 

THE LAMPLIGHTER, by Maria Cummins (1854) 

SHOW BOAT, by Ettna ferber (1926) 

THE DEEPENING STREAM, by Dorothy Can field P/sher (*93) 

THE LED-HORSE CLAIM, by Mary Hallock Foots (1883) 

Miss LULU BETT, by Zona Gale (1920) 

LUMMOX, by Fannie Httrst (1923) 

RAMONA, by Helen Hunt Jackson (1884) 


To HAVE AND TO HOLD, by Mary Johnston (1900) 

MOTHER, by Kathleen Norris (19*1) 

SCARLET SISTER MARY, by Julia Peterkin (1928) 

THE GATES AJAR, by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps 

THE TIME OF MAN, by Elizabeth Maddox Roberts 

THE LEAVENWORTH CASE, by Anna Catherine Green Rohlfs 


THE LITTLE FRENCH GIRL, by Anne Douglas Sedgwtck (1924) 
UNCLE TOM'S CABIN, by Harriet Beecher Stowe (1852) 
ETHAN FROME, by Edith W barton (1911) 
ST. ELMO, by Augusta Evans Wilson (i%66) 


THE PETERKIN PAPERS, by Lucretia Peabody Hah (x88o) 
SAMANTHA AT THE CENTENNIAL, by Marietta fJottey (1877) 
AMERICAN HUMOR, by Constance May field Rourke 


LITTLE WOMEN, by Louisa May Alcott (1868) 
LITTLE LORD FAUNTLEROY, by Frances Hodgson Burnett 
DOTTY DIMPLE, by Rebecca Clark (1867) 

THE CAT WHO WENT TO HEAVEN, by Elizabeth Coateswortk 



ELSIE DINSMORE, by Martha Finley (1867) 
POLLYANNA, by Eleanor H. Porter (1913) 
MRS. WIGGS OF THE CABBAGE PATCH, by Alice Caldwell Rice 


FIVE LITTLE PEPPER STORIES, by Margaret Sidney (1881) 
THE WIDE, WIDE WORLD, by Sn$an Warner (1849) 
DADDY-LONG-LEGS, by Jean McKinney "Webster (1912) 
REBECCA OF SUNNYBROOK FARM, by Kate Douglas Wtg&in (1903) 


POEMS, by Alice and Phoebe Cary (1850) 



HONEY OUT OF THE ROCK, by Babette Dentscb (1925) 


COLLECTED POEMS OF H. D, } by Hilda Doolitth (1925) 
LATER LYRICS, by Julia Ward Howe (1866) 


POEMS, by Louise Chandler Monlfon (1877) 
DEATH AND TAXES, by Dorothy "Parker (1931) 
SELECTED POEMS, by Lizctte Wood-worth Reese (1926) 
FIDDLER'S FAREWELL, by Leonora Speyer (1926) 
RIVERS TO THE SEA, by Sara Teasdale (1915) 
LYRICS AND SONNETS, by Edlib Thomas (1887) 



by Mary Baker Eddy (1875) 
FRANCISCAN ADVENTURES, by Vida Scudder (1931) 



by Caroline Furness (1915) 

by Florence JR.. Sabin (1901) 

Short Stones 

MEADOW GRASS, by Alice Brown (1895) 

OLD CHESTER TALES, by Margaret Deland (1898) 


by Mary Wilkins Freeman (1891) 
IN THE TENNESSEE MOUNTAINS, by Mary N* Mvrfree (1884) 

Social Science 

WOMEN IN INDUSTRY, by Edith Abbott (1910) 


and Nettie Rogers Shuler (1923) 

STATES, by Dorothea Dix (1845) 
HUSBANDS AND HOMES, by Marlon Harland (1865) 
MY STORY OF THE WAR, by Mary A. Livermore (1888) 
COMING OF AGE IN SAMOA, by Margaret Mead (1928) 
WOMAN AND THE NEW RACE, by Margaret Sanger (1920) 


CARL AKELEY'S AFRICA, by Mary L. Akeley (1929) 

SPANISH HIGHWAYS AND BYWAYS, by Catherine Lee Bates (1900) 



PORTS AND HAPPY PLACES, by Cornelia Stratton Parker (1924) 
A WOMAN TENDERFOOT IN EGYPT, by Grace Thompson Seton 

HOUSE OF EXILE, by Nora Wain (1933) 


"Biography is by nature the -most universally profit- 

able, universally pleasant of all things" 



remarkable achievement of a remarkable woman 
-*- is recorded in this book, described by the New York 
Library Bulletin as an "Interesting story of the develop- 
ment of the social, civic and other activities of Chicago's 
famous neighborhood house, with autobiographic notes 
and personal experiences at home and abroad." 

One of the judges commented in selecting the book for 
the list: "This is a candid, straightforward account of the 
more important years of her life by one of the outstand- 
ing women of America." 

The name of Jane Addams is synonymous with the 
name of Hull House: each stands for the other. Jane 
Addams was born in 1860 on the 6th of September at 
Cedarville, Illinois. Following her graduation from Rock- 
ford College in 1881, Miss Addams went abroad for two 
years. On her return she studied in Philadelphia and later 
received an LL.D. degree from the University of Wis- 
consin as well as degrees from Smith College. She received 
an A.M. from Yale University in 1910. 

In 1889 Jane Addams opened her Social Settlement of 
Hull House in Chicago, together with an associate, Ellen 
Gates Starr. "The success of this settlement, which be- 
came a factor for good in the city, was principally due to 

Miss Addams* rare executive skill and practical common 
sense methods. Her personal participation in the life of the 
community is exemplified in her acceptance of the office 
of Inspector of Streets and Alleys under the municipal 
government. She became widely known as a lecturer and 
writer on social problems." Encyclopedia Britannic. 

For three years Miss Addams served as President of the 
National Conference on Charities and Corrections. Her 
honors have included the Presidency of the Women's In- 
ternational Union for Peace and she presided at con- 
ventions at The Hague, Zurich, Vienna, Washington, 
Dublin and Prague. 

Other works of Jane Addams include Democracy and 
Social Ethics; Newer Ideals of Peace; The Spirit of Youth 
and the City Streets; The Long Road of Women's 



" A S FASCINATING as a novel, is this story of a Ger- 

man princess who rose to the throne of Russia and by 
her own efforts became a power in the world of politics.** 
Chicago Library Bulletin. 

"One expects a new biography of a famous historical 
figure either to represent fresh material, the result o re- 
search, or to revise conventional interpretations of char- 
acter in the light of more modern psychology. Miss 
Anthony's study amply justifies itself on both counts. 
Furthermore, Miss Anthony portrays the Empress with a 
keen eye for dramatic moments, with a convincing effect 
of continuity, and with a respect refreshingly tempered 
by humorous perception." "Nation. 

"An admirable biography of a great character/* com- 
ments one of the Committee of Selection. 

c ] 

Roseville, Arkansas, was the birthplace of Katherine 
Susan Anthony, November 27, 1877. Miss Anthony 
studied at Peabody College for Teachers, in Nashville, 
Tennessee; later attended the Universities of Heidelberg 
and Freiburg in Germany. In 1905 she received a Ph.D. 
degree from the University of Chicago and became an 
instructor at Wellesley College. 

For four years prior to 1913 Miss Anthony did research 
work in economics with the Russell Sage Foundation. 
Her published volumes include Mothers Who Must Earn; 
feminism in Germany and Scandinavia; Labor Laws in 
New York; Margaret Fuller a psychological biography; 
Queen Elizabeth; and as co-author, Civilization in the 
United States An Inquiry by Thirty Americans. 





-/l- tic report of an outstanding achievement by women 
and for women. It is fitting that the two women 
whose initiative and courage led them to follow the stand 
taken by Susan B. Anthony, should have been the ones to 
collaborate with her in compiling this remarkable history. 
The attitude current at the time the book was pub- 
lished is expressed in the review of the book in The Nation 
under date of May 19, 1887. The reviewer quotes from 
the book a paragraph from a speech of Mrs. Stanton's in 
which she speaks of "the studied inattention and con- 
tempt of the Chairman on a hearing before the Senate 
Committee on Privileges and Elections," how the Senator 

who was presiding, te took special pains to show that 
he did not intend to listen. He alternately looked over 
some manuscripts and newspapers before him, then 
jumped up to open or close a door or window. He 
stretched, yawned, gazed at the ceiling, cut his nails, 
sharpened his pencil, changing his occupation and posi- 
tion every two minutes, effectually preventing the estab- 
lishment of the faintest magnetic current between the 
speakers and the committee. It was with difficulty," adds 
Mrs. Stanton, "I restrained the impulse more than once 
to hurl my manuscript at his head." 

Susan B. Anthony was born in South Adams, Massa- 
chusetts, on February 15, 1820, of Quaker parentage, 
Her education was at a Friends' School in Philadelphia, 
after which she taught school in New York for fifteen 
years. Being interested in the temperance movement, she 
began the organization of societies and first spoke in 
public in 1847. She was one of the organizers of the New 
York State Temperance Society. 

About 1854 Susan B. Anthony held conventions 
throughout the counties of New York in behalf of 
Woman's Suffrage; a few years later she became a leader 
of the anti-slavery movement and in 1858 advocated co- 
education. One of her outstanding achievements was her 
influence in securing the passage of the act in 1 860 by the 
New York Legislature giving married women possession 
of their earnings and the guardianship of their children. 
In 1868 she began the publication of a paper devoted to 
the emancipation of woman, known as the "Revolution- 
ist," in association with Mrs. E. C. Stanton and Parker 
Pillsbury. The records show her casting ballots at the 
State and Congressional election in Rochester to test the 
application of the i4th and I5th amendments; she was 
indicted for illegal voting, but the fine was never exacted* 

Susan B. Anthony was sent as a delegate to the Inter- 

c *4 1 

national Council of Women in London in 1899, which is 
said to have been her last public appearance. Her eightieth 
birthday in 1900 was celebrated with special tributes in 
Washington at which time she retired from the Presidency 
of the National Woman Suffrage Association. She passed 
away in 1906. 

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born November izth, 
1815, at Johnstown, New York. Her father was a judge. 
Mrs. Stanton was one of the first American Feminists. 
The Declaration of Sentiments was formulated through 
her efforts at the Seneca Falls convention in June 1848. 
Nearly all the changes in the law then advocated have 
been fulfilled at this time. From 1865 to 1893 she was 
President of the National Woman Suffrage Association. 

Matilda Joslyn Gage was born in Cicero, New York 
on March 24, 1826. Her father was an ardent abolition- 
ist and through him she became early interested in re- 
forms. She married a merchant of Cicero, Henry H. 
Gage, in 1845 and soon after began her public career as a 
writer and lecturer on slavery and woman suffrage. 


**npHIS book is an autobiography of an immigrant who 
J- was born in Polotzk, Russia, a town in the Jewish 
pale, and spent her childhood there. Her family being 
driven by the pressure of poverty to immigrate, when 
she was twelve years old, she was brought to America, 
where she made brilliant progress through the public 
schools of Boston, and through Barnard College. The 
story of her life is absorbing in its human significance, 
remarkable for its literary distinction and convincingly 
hopeful in its view of the immigrant problem in 
America." 'Pittsburgh Library Bulletin. 

Mary Antin was born in 188 1 and came to America in 
1894 where she entered the public schools. Miss Antin 
later attended the Girls Latin School of Boston, and also 
Teachers' College and Barnard. She became the wife of 
Professor Amadeus W. Grabau of Columbia University 
in 1901. In 1899, taking the inspiration of her birthplace 
for a title, Miss Antin wrote From Polotzk to Boston. 
The Promised Land was her next volume, to be followed 
by They Who Knock at Our Gates and many articles 
and essays. 


NO LESS an authority than Isabel Patterson of the 
New York Herald Tribune editorial staff has writ- 
ten of this book, "Her autobiography has the quality of 
greatness, because she is a great woman, as well as an 
accomplished writer. It will live as a significant contribu- 
tion to American values. She has literally made something 
of herself and thereby enriched her country; she has 
joined up the pioneer life of action and the reflective 
mode of the artist. No American can read this book 
without gaining from it a sense of direction, as well as 
the pleasure of acquaintance with a warm personality 
and a distinguished mind," Books November 6, 1932. 
An interesting comparison is made by R. L. Duffus 
in the New York Times, November 13, 1932. "One of 
the tests of an autobiography is whether the person 
written about can be reconciled with the person writing. 
In Mrs. Austin's story there is no difficulty in arriving at 
the reconciliation." 

On September 9, 1868, Mary Hunter Austin was born 
in Carlinville, Illinois. Twenty years later she received a 
B.S. degree from Blackburn University. In 1891 she 
married Stafford W. Austin of California. 

c *6 ] 

Mrs. Austin is well known in America for her novels 
dealing with the Southwestern States, and especially the 
Indians in whom she has been greatly interested. She has 
been a special lecturer before the Fabian Society of Lon- 
don and also for the University of California. 

Mrs. Austin has written over twenty books and plays 
including The Arrow Maker; Fire; The Man Jesus; Out- 
land; The Land of Jo^trncys J Ending; The Children Sing 
in the Far West. 


AMONG the books inspired by the life of the great 
American poet, this one is outstanding, being writ- 
ten by one close to the life of Emily Dickinson. Many 
reviews have recorded the great response to this book, 
among them being the following, "An admirable, but 
reticent record of the life of a New England poet, recluse 
and mystic, with an accompanying selection from her 
letters. Emily Dickinson's shy charm, the audacity of her 
wit and the sensitive acuteness of her feeling are revealed 
in these notes to her family and to such friends as Dr. 
and Mrs. J. G. Holland and Thomas Wentworth Higgin- 
son." New York State Library Bulletin, 

The book is selected for this honor list "for the insight 
given into the shy soul of America's greatest poet" ac- 
cording to the comment of one of the Committee. 

Martha Gilbert Dickinson, the niece of Emily Dickin- 
son, was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, and was the 
great granddaughter of Samuel Fowler Dickinson, who 
was instrumental in securing the charter for Amherst 
College, Miss Dickinson attended Miss Porter's school in 
Connecticut and in 1903 married Captain Alexander 
Bianchi, at Carlsbad, Bohemia. 

[ *7 J 

Among her books are The Cathedral; Within the 
Hedge; A Modern Prometheus; Russian Lyrics and Cos- 
sack Song$>; Gabrielle and Other Poems. 


RS. BROWN was born In 1827 in the Ohio town 
to which her grandfather had migrated after the 
Revolution. In the fifties, she and her husband moved to 
Iowa where she lived until her death in 1928. Her bi- 
ography, told almost entirely in the form of conversation 
with her daughter-in-law, is the story of how one good 
woman spent a hundred busy, useful and on the whole, 
happy years." Book Review Digest, 

"No reader of imagination but must fee! not merely 
that he has been told the story of Grandmother Brown's 
useful and inspiring life, but rather that he has sat beside 
her by the open fire in her pleasant room and listened to 
it from her own lips," writes Frances Bartlett in the 
Boston Transcript, November 2, 1929. 

The book was awarded a $5000 prize given by The 
Atlantic Monthly, According to a member of the Com- 
mittee of Selection, "Written in a charming, graceful 
style, it gives a picture of the life of a typical American 
woman under conditions now rarely found. It has there- 
fore a certain historical and social value." 

Harriet Chedie (Connor) Brown was born In Burling- 
ton, Iowa, September n, 1872. She studied at Wheaton 
Seminary in Norton, Massachusetts, and also attended 
Cornell where she received the degree A.B, In 1894. It 
is recorded that she was the first woman to attain a po- 
sition on the university paper and first to win the Wood- 
bury Oratory Prize. She was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, 
also awarded a year's scholarship to Berlin. 

Slie has done considerable newspaper writing, having 
reported three national political conventions. 


"TiyTARCIA DAVENPORT concludes the foreword 
JLVJL O f kgj. life O f Mozart with the statement that she 
has written 'neither a romance nor a text-book.' Hers is 
a carefully 'documented' account of one of the most 
extraordinary and most persistently misrepresented per- 
sonalities of genius; she has accomplished her difficult 
task without the obligatory array of footnotes, and with- 
out allowing her keen and sympathetic imagination to 
get out of hand. It is the 'new biography' applied to a 
subject eminently calling for just such a statement." 
Saturday Review of Literature. 

This biography contains much new material, for Mrs. 
Davenport had access to virtually every library as well 
as museum containing Mozartiana. 

The book "leaves the reader convinced of the reality of 
the figure with whom he has passed through a career of 
hard work, poverty, neglect and a few (but astounding) 
triumphs," reported Herbert Gorman in the New York 
Times of March 27, 1932, 

Marcia Davenport was born in New York City, in 
the year 1901. That she should be the author of the 
book which is considered one of the best biographies of 
the great musician is not surprising for she was brought 
up in a musical atmosphere, being the daughter of Alma 
Gluck and the step-daughter of Efrem Zimbalist. Both 
musical and historical authorities have brought assistance 
to her work. In working on the manuscript for Mozart 
she went to every city he was in during the course of his 
life and saw every house still standing where Mozart had 
lived. She visited every theatre in which he appeared. 


HP HE achievements of American women between the 
*- years 1833 and 1933 have been gathered into one 
impressive volume. Its pages present a series of portraits 
of the various personalities who have influenced the ad- 
vancement of women during the past century and record 
the beginning and progress of leading women's organiza- 
tions. Mary Ross in the Book Section of the New York 
Herald Tribune terms the work, "an enlightening and 
entertaining record of a century of transition. Colonial 
exigencies and the earliest years of the republic pushed 
to the front a number of able women whose stories form 
a prelude to Mrs. Irwin's story. This exceptionally clear 
work traces the drive of women toward new hopes and 
ambitions, despite ridicule, and often persecution." 

Angels and Amazons was published at the time of 
the International Congress of Women arranged by the 
National Council of Women held in Chicago during the 
international exposition A Century of Progress. 

One of the Committee of Selection states that it was 
chosen as one of the hundred best books by American 
women as "All women in America should read this bril- 
liant, thoughtful resume of their progress and be proud." 

Inez Haynes Irwin was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 
She attended the Girls High School and the Normal 
School of Boston; later was a special student at Radcliffe 
College. She is the wife of the eminent writer and 
lecturer, Will Irwin. 

Mrs. Irwin has been a frequent contributor to English 
and American periodicals, and also a correspondent for 
various magazines in France, Italy and England, With 
Maud Wood Park, she founded the National College 
Equal Suffrage League. She is a member of the National 
Advisory Council of the National Women's Party. 

[ 30 ] 

She was the first woman elected President of the 
Authors* League of America. Mrs. Irwin won the O. 
Henry Memorial Prize for the best short story in 1914? 
and is author of over twenty-five books. 


"HpHIS book is indeed unique. The story itself and the 
J- years of effort which have made its telling possible, 
the personality which it reveals, and the creation of that 
personality, these are things which seem little short of 
miraculous. The narrative of a young woman who has 
been deaf and blind from infancy is written in a style 
which is not only idiomatic, but individual and rhyth- 
mical. As one reads, one forgets to make allowances for 
limitations which are apt to slip out of sight, until a 
chance phrase recalls one with a start to the realization 
that the mind which deals so freely and normally with 
the ordinary factors of human life dwells forever in 
silence and the dark." Atlantic Monthly. 

Tuscumbia, Alabama, was the birthplace of Helen 
Keller, June 27, 1880. A severe illness deprived her of 
sight, speech and hearing. At the age of seven, her educa- 
tion started under the guidance of Anna Mansfield Sulli- 
van (Mrs. John A. Macy) of the Perkins Institute for the 
Blind. Mrs. Macy made her life work the education of this 
receptive and sensitive child. At the age of ten, Helen 
Keller learned to speak under the instruction of Mary 
Fuller of the Horace Mann School. 

In 1896, in preparation for college. Miss Keller en- 
tered the Cambridge School for Young Ladies. Mrs. Macy 
went to all the classes with her, and repeated the lectures 
and discussion by touch. In 1900, Helen Keller entered 
Radcliffe and graduated four years later with honors, 
having mastered several languages. After graduation, 

1 31 ] 

Helen Keller served on the Massachusetts Committee for 
the blind and various other groups to aid the blind. 
Today, she is lecturing throughout the world and dedi- 
cating her life to the advancement of the work of the 
American Federation for the Blind. 

Among other books by Helen Keller are Optimism; 
The World 1 Live In; Song of the Stone Wall; Out of the 


K one phase of New England life, we do not know 
where to look to find a more perfect image than in 
Miss Larconi's A New England Girlhood, . . . Nothing 
brings before the mind so vividly the rupture between 
the New England of one generation ago and that of today 
as to read these pages written by a woman in the vigor of 
her days, who is recalling both the circumstances of her 
own childhood and an order of society which has been 
swept away, not by any cataclysm, but by the rapid 
movement of two forces, one force within and one from 
without. Miss Larcom's personal history as known to most 
readers is associated especially with the period of our in- 
dustrial history when Lowell and Lawrence and other 
manufacturing centers of New England were alive with 
the activity of descendants of the English settlers in New 
England, and no doubt the portion of her reminiscences 
which is devoted to her years in Lowell will be read with 
peculiar interest. . . > Miss Larcom has given a delightful 
picture of a New England girl a generation ago, but no 
succession of generations can obliterate the lines which 
coincide with those of every open-minded child. *' At- 
lantic Monthly, March, 1 890. 

Lucy Larcom, born at Beverly Farm, Massachusetts, 
lived in the period between 1824 and 1893 and was well- 

c 3* i 

known as an American poet. She worked in a factory as 
a girl in Lowell, Massachusetts, and was a contributor to 
the Lowell Offering, a magazine published by the workers 
in the cotton mills. For a time she attended the Monti- 
cello Seminary at Godfrey, Illinois, and later taught 
school, though the major part of her life was devoted to 
her writing. 

Miss Larcom was editor for eight years of "Our Young 
Folks" from i$66 to 1874. Among her books are Road- 
side Poems; Hillside and Seaside Poetry; Poor Lone 


IS scholarly life brings to public notice an amount 
of new material never before published s gives a re- 
valuation of Keats* character and a new interpretation 
of Fanny Brawne/* Wisconsin Library Bidletin. 

"Miss Lowell's interpretation of Keats 5 character is 
clear cut, subtle and convincing* A few of Miss Lowell's 
opinions are challenging. But even when she fails to carry 
complete assent to her opinions she is suggestive in the 
extreme; and I wish to take leave of her biography on no 
note of disagreement but to salute it in all admiration as 
a masterly piece of work," stated S. C. Chew in North 
American Review. 

One judge commented that "Amy Lowell possessed 
probably the largest collection of documents regarding 
the tragic life of Keats in existence her account of his 
work and psychology is sympathetic and convincing/* 

Amy Lowell was bom February 9, 1874, at Brookline, 
Massachusetts, Her education began in private schools. 
She also traveled abroad extensively. Her early days were 
spent in intensive work, studying French poetry, and she 
took up the art of poetry about 1902,. Amy Lowell was 

[ 33 ] 

considered the leader of the Imagist School of Poetry. 
Her life was devoted to her writing and with rapid strides 
she developed into one of the foremost poets of the day. 
Among her books are Sword Blades and Poppy Seeds; 
Dome of Many Coloured Glass; Can Grande's Castle. 

PERE MARQUETTE, Priest, Pioneer and Adventurer 

A BIOGRAPHY of the French Jesuit missionary to 
the American Indians who, with Joliet, first ex- 
plored the headwaters of the Mississippi and died from 
hardships before he was forty. 

"Everything that discriminating mankind most 
cherishes in its best reading is to be found in this ex- 
traordinary book a great story, greatly told; human 
characters, moving and suffering; great deeds for great 
ends; great perils bravely withstood; great difficulties 
vanquished." New York Herald Tribune, 

F. F. Van de Water said in the New York Evening Post, 
January 19, 1929: "Little enough is known of Pere Mar- 
quette, but that little his latest biographer has told with 
sympathy and tenderness. The great-hearted, fragile co- 
explorer of the Mississippi emerges clear and lovable from 
Miss Repplier's pages." 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, may claim the distinction 
of being the birthplace of Agnes Repplier, April i, 1858. 
Her education was at the Sacred Heart Convent, Torres- 
dale, Pennsylvania. She has been honored with the degree 
of Doctor of Literature by the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, Yale University and Columbia, Miss Repplier 
spent a number of years abroad and is well known as one 
of the foremost essayists of the present time. Her brilliant 
career has brought a long list of books, among them: 
Books and Men; Points of View; Essays in Miniature; 

[ 34 ] 

Essays in Idleness; Philadelphia The Place and the Peo- 
ple; Points of Friction; and a compilation called A Book 
of famous Verse. 


**A SISTER'S interpretation of a world-wide per- 
*- sonality written in an intimate and chatty style 
and illustrated with reproduction of numerous photo- 
graphs and facsimiles of some of Roosevelt's letters with 
his own droll illustrations. The chapter on home life 
in the White House contains an interesting list of his 
favorite books comprising the famous 'pig-skin library* 
which he carried with him on his travels." Cleveland Li- 
brary Bulletin. 

The author says in her preface, "In giving to the public 
these almost confidential personal recollections, I do so be- 
cause of the attitude of that very public toward my 
brother. There is no sacrifice in sharing such memories 
with the people who have loved him and. whom he loved 
so well." 

Corinne Roosevelt Robinson is a sister of Theodore 
Roosevelt. In her own right a poet of note and lecturer, 
Mrs. Robinson sustained the laurels of her parentage even 
as her brother did in his channels of activity. Mrs. Robin- 
son was born in New York City in 1861 and studied 
under private tutors. In 1882 she married Douglas Robin- 
son. She served as a member of the Executive Committee 
of the Republican National Committee and, under Presi- 
dent Coolidge's administration, was a member of his 
Advisory Committee. She was one of the founders of 
Roosevelt House, the birthplace and home of the Roose- 
velts, which is now a museum containing mementos of 
Theodore Roosevelt and shelves of books written by him, 

[ 35 ] 

Among her books, both poetry and prose, are The Call 
of Brotherhood; Out of Nymph; One Woman to An- 
other; Service and Sacrifice; and Collected Poems. 


"TN COLLABORATION with Miss Elizabeth Jordon, 
A Anna Howard Shaw, the President, in 1915, of the Na- 
tional American Woman Suffrage Association, tells the 
inspiring story of her life from her strenuous youth in 
the Michigan backwoods of fifty years ago, her career as 
a Methodist preacher, ordained minister, teacher, doctor, 
lecturer and suffrage worker and leader. Mrs. Shaw writes 
as she speaks, straightforwardly and with keen observa- 
tion, humor and a rich fund of anecdote." Cleveland 
Public Library Bulletin. 

Anna Howard Shaw was born in Newcastle-on-Tyne, 
England, February 14, 1847. At the age of four, she 
came to the United States. Early student days were spent 
at Albion College. In 1878 she graduated at Boston Uni- 
versity of Theology and in 1885 became a physician with 
an M.D. from Boston University, She paid her expenses 
for an education by preaching and lecturing and was 
made Pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts. The New England Conference re- 
fused her ordination because of her sex, so she was or- 
dained in the Protestant Methodist church in 1880, being 
the first woman ordained by that denomination. In 1885 
she resigned to lecture for the Massachusetts Woman's 
Suffrage Association and later served as President of the 
National Association during the period from 1904 to 
1915. On her retirement from that office, she was made 
Honorary President. The fact that Congress passed the 
suffrage amendment shortly after her death was in large 
measure due to the years of service she gave the cause. 


HTHE BOSTON TRANSCRIPT thus verifies the 
-"** permanent importance of this volume as a contribu- 
tion to American letters and a source of knowledge about 
Abraham Lincoln and his contribution to the world and 
history: "The seventeen years since the first publication 
of the book have strengthened the verdict then given that 
it is one of the most vivid and authentic biographies ever 
written of *the first American.' " It is illustrated with 
many reproductions from original paintings, photographs 
and other material. 

Ida M. Tarbell was born in Erie County, Pennsylvania, 
on November 5, 1857. Her life has been one of varied 
activities from her student days in Paris at the Sorbonne 
and College of France, to editorial work for The Chau- 
tauqna, McClnre's Magazine, and Associate Editor of the 
American Magazine. 

For twenty years Miss Tarbell has served as President 
of the Pen and Brush Club in New York City. She has 
five college degrees and is one of the few women members 
of the Author's Club. She is a member of the American 
History Association and also the Society of English 
Journalists. She was a member of President Wilson's In- 
dustrial Conference in 1919 and President Har ding's 
Unemployment Conference. 

Among her works are: Short Life of Napoleon Bona- 
parte; Life of Madame Roland; History of the Standard 
Oil Co.; The Business of Being a Woman; New Ideals in 
Business; Life of Judge Gary. 

[ 37 ] 


LIMPSES OF FIFTY YEARS is explained in its sub- 
" title, "The Autobiography of an American 
Woman." The book is a summary of a life devoted to 
reform and the intricacies of the work relative to it. 
Frances Willard has woven into the book not only a 
record of the work, but the strength of the woman who 
worked for "the cause.** The virility of her personality 
is felt through all its pages. 

"A notable biography of a notable woman" is the way 
one of the Committee describes this book. 

Frances Willard was born in Churchville, near Ro- 
chester, New York, on September 28, 1839. Her early 
education was at Oberlin College and later her parents 
moved to Illinois where she graduated at Northwestern 
Female College at Evanston in 1859. She became Pro- 
fessor of Aesthetics in the University and was made Presi- 
dent of the Woman's College in 1871. Her active temper- 
ance work was begun in 1874 and she was made secretary 
of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, 
later becoming its President, which office she held till her 
death. The World's Christian Temperance Union made 
her President and she went to England to give extensive 
lectures. It has been estimated that over a period of ten 
years she averaged at least one lecture a day, besides writ- 
ing articles and doing other work incidental to her 

Other volumes include Women in the "Pulpit and My 
Happy Half Century. She was editor in chief of the 
Union Signal. 

c 38 


"The stage but echoes back the public voice" 



WHEN LADIES MEET, awarded the $500 prize of 
the Dramatists* Guild, in 1933, was first produced 
in New York, October, 1932. 

The Theatre Arts Monthly of December, the same 
year, cleverly commented on the play and its author in 
a paragraph: "Rachel Crothers has a faculty for wise 
and witty talk at its glowing best, in When Ladies 
Meet which allows her gaily and almost brazenly to 
utilize accidental meetings, convenient thunder-showers 
and such time-worn devices to make her plays behave as 
she wants them to, without ever becoming wearisome." 

"This variation of the triangle theme has for its main 
characters Mary Howard, an intelligent young authoress; 
Rogers Woodruff, her publisher with whom she is in love; 
Claire, Rogers* very charming and keen-witted wife; and 
Jimmie, a journalist very much in love with Mary. In 
his attempt to bring Mary to her senses, Jimmie pre- 
cipitates an unexpected climax." Book "Review Digest. 

"Excellently written by one of America's outstanding 
playwrights," comments a Committee member. 

Rachel Crothers was born in Bloomington, Illinois, in 
1878. She was educated at the State Normal School. 
From her highly productive pen have come many plays: 
The Three of Us; The Coming of Mrs. Patrick; Myself- 

[ 39 ] 

Bettina; A Man's World; Ourselves: Young Wisdom; 
The Heart of Paddy Whack; Once Upon a Time; He and 
She; Nice People; Everyday; Mary the Third; Expressing 
Willie; Old Lady 3 r, from the novel. With Kate Douglas 
Wiggins, she adapted Mother Carey's Chickens. 

Miss Crothers stages and directs her own plays. She 
has appeared in several productions and took the leading 
part in her own play He and She. She is a member of 
the Authors League and the Society of American Dram- 
atists, and was founder of the Stage Women's War Relief. 


HPHE story is about a little girl, named Gwendolyn, 
J- who craved the affection of her mother and father, 
but "her father was busy down-town grinding out 
money, and her mother was busy up-town spending it,*' 
as the Metropolitan Magazine aptly described it, continu- 
ing "A child has just so much love and so much mis- 
chief in its system. If denied the expression of its love 
it exercises its prerogative for mischief the more, and that 
is what Gwendolyn did." Through the child's serious ill- 
ness, and her final recovery, the father and mother come 
to the realization of their great neglect and change their 

The Poor Little Rich Girl is almost synonymous with 
the name of Mary Pickf ord for her early career on the 
stage was in the characterization of little Gwendolyn* 
and later she appeared in it when it was adapted to 
motion pictures. 

One judge stated: "I consider this by far the best play 
written by a woman in my time." 

Eleanor Gates was born in Shakopee, Minnesota, on 
September 26, 1875. She attended both the University of 
California and Stanford University. Her first husband 

[ 40 ] 

was Richard Walton Tully and later she married Freder- 
ick Ferdinand Moore. 

Her works, both novels and plays, include: The Biog- 
raphy of a Prairie Girl; The Plow Woman; Good Night; 
Cupid, the Cow Punch; The Justice of Gideon; Sin- 
ners; We are Seven; Apron Strings; Fire; Delilah the 


TpHE action of the play takes place the last day in the 
*- year of the i^th century, December 31, 1899. The 
family of a famous American poetess is preparing to 
close the old homestead as the poetess has been dead for 
many years and her aged sister cannot be left alone any 
longer. The sister, disturbed by the unaccustomed com- 
motion in closing the house, becomes agitated and 
wanders about helplessly, and with the passing of the 
century she too goes to join her sister. But just before 
her passing she gives a portfolio of her sister's unpublished 
poems to her niece. 

Harry Hansen wrote in the New York World, Decem- 
ber 23, 1930: "The reader will find the story of Emily 
Dickinson coming between himself and Miss GlaspelFs 
play every now and then . . . Miss GlaspelPs task was 
difficult; she had to tell the story and also convey some- 
thing of the evanescent character of Alison herself. . . . 
There are excellent emotional passages toward the latter 
part of the play. It makes us wish that Miss Glaspell 
would write more often for the theatre." 

Otis Chatfield-Taylor observed in The Outlook, "Her 
characters are all real people still living under the spell 
of the retiring, yet strangely powerful personality of 
the dead woman . . . call her Alison or Emily." 

Alison's House won for its author the Pulitzer Prize 
for plays in 1930, 

Susan Glaspell was born in Davenport, Iowa, July i, 
1882, and was educated in the public schools there; 
later she attended Drake University, receiving the degree 
of Ph.D. 

Her versatility is revealed through the variety of her 
writings which include novels, plays and biography. 
Among them are The Glory of the Conquered; The 
Visiomng; Lifted Masks; Fidelity; Suppressed Desires; 
Inheritors; The Verge; The Road to the Temple. She was 
a founder of the Provincetown Players and her first plays 
were written as a member of that organization. 


WITH the heart of a poet and a dramatist, Josephine 
Preston Peabody embodied both points of view in 
her writings. In this play the Piper, as in the legend of 
the "Pied Piper," lures the children away but only to a 
nearby cave where he provides entertainment for them. 
Through an interesting continuation of the story, com- 
bined with an original adaptation, the play endows the 
character of the Piper with great interest and charm. 

The Nation reviewed the play by saying: "This is a 
little poetic play of uncommon quality, having distinct 
literary and dramatic value," and The Times adds, "on 
the stage its full beauty would be manifest." 

Josephine Preston Peabody, (Mrs. L. S. Markes) was 
born in New York in 1874, and attended the Girls* Latin 
School in Boston, later Radcliife College. She served as 
instructor in English Literature at Wellcsley College 
from 1901 to 1903. 

Her writings include: Old Greek Folk Stones; The 
Wayfarers, a book of verse; For time and Men's Eyes; New 
Poems with a Play; Marlowe; The Singing Leaves; Pan- 
a-Choric Idyl; The Wings; The Book of the Little Past 

[ 4* ] 

The "Piper, written in 1909, obtained the Stratford-on- 
Avon Prize in 1910. It was produced in England, and in 
1911 in America. 



A RTHUR H. QUINN, in his Representative American 
JL X Plays, aptly describes Fashion with this historical 
note: "While not our first dramatic social satire, it is of 
special interest as inspiring a series of plays dealing with 
the follies of those who aspire to secure an assured posi- 
tion without being aware of social values." 

Fashion was produced at the Park Theatre, New York, 
March 24, 1845. It ran for three weeks and was with- 
drawn only owing to engagements of stars at the Park 
Theatre. It was played in Philadelphia at the Walnut 
Street Theatre at the same time. The success of this play 
induced Mrs. Ritchie to go on the stage. 

Fashion was reviewed by Edgar Allan Poe in the Broad- 
way Journal, March 29, 1845. The review is reprinted in 
the Virginia edition of his works, Volume 12. 

Anna Cora Moffatt Ritchie, actress and author, was 
born in Bordeaux, France, in 1819, being the daughter 
of S. G. Ogden, a merchant of New York. The family 
remained in France until 1826 and then returned to 
New York where Anna was educated. At sixteen, she 
married James Moffatt, a young lawyer. She started 
writing for the stage about this time, her first play, 
Gulzara or The Persian Slave, being produced in New 
York in 1840. Beginning in Boston on October 28, 1841, 
she gave a very successful series of public readings. 
Adopting the pen name of Helen Barkley, she achieved 
recognition as the author of magazine stories and novels. 
Shortly after Fashion was produced, she made her first 
stage appearance as Pauline in Bulwer's Lady of Lyons. 
In June 1854 she left the stage. Her first husband having 

[ 43 ] 

died, she married W. F. Ritchie. One of her best known 
books is The Autobiography of an Actress, issued in 1854. 


SUN-UP is an interpretation of the life of those na- 
tives of America who have retained the primitive 
culture of their predecessors. Its theme is the reaction in 
that setting, of a mother, whose son goes to war. 

Sun-up was first produced by the Beechwood Players 
at Scarborough, New York. Later it was presented at the 
Provincetown Theatre, Lenox Hill Theatre, Princess 
Theatre, then at the LaSalle Theatre, Chicago. Arrange- 
ments followed for its London production and the Italian 
rights were also purchased. 

The Illustrated London News of May 30, 1925 re- 
ported, "The performance of that remarkable play, 
Sun-up, in which Miss Lucile La Verne has made such a 
decisive hit, gives us much to think/* 

"A valuable representation of American folklore" is 
the opinion of the Committee of Selection. 

Lulu Vollmer was born in Keyser, North Carolina, and 
received her education in the Episcopal Church boarding 
schools, followed by three years in the Normal and 
Collegiate Institute at Asheville. While there, she came in 
contact with the mountain women of that section who 
brought their "wares" to the Institute. Later, she used 
them as characters in her writings. Each summer she 
spent in the surrounding hill country. Even as a girl she 
began writing and directing plays. Following graduation 
she became a reporter. In Atlanta she conducted a daily 
column in a theatrical paper known as Atlanta Pilot, 
which gave her a close-up of actors and actresses and was 
a factor in the development of her writing along dra- 
matic lines, later she moved to New York City. Among 
her plays are Jule; The Shame Woman; The Dunce Boy. 

[ 44 ] 


**Words are things; and a small drop of ink,, 
Falling like dew upon a thought, produces 
That which makes thousands 9 perhaps millions, 



TORINNE PRUETTE has written, "Mary Beard is no 
-* ' raw recruit to feminism, no impatient youth tilting 
a! lance against old prejudices, but as a student of society, 
a worker who has already found her stride, and an un- 
orthodox historian, she has managed to produce one of 
the most objective books ever written on the subject of 
women. . . .** 

This book reveals the place taken by -women in the 
progress of civilization from the origin of the domestic 
arts, through the rise of intellectualism, the contest for 
political and military power, to the development of 
Christianity and the growth of modern democracy and 

Freda Kirchwey of The Nation, wrote in the Saturday 
Review of Literature: "The author has done what she set 
out to do with a good deal of deftness; she has repopulated 
the ages with female members of the human race. She 
puts in their proper places the achievements of persons 
whose names have generally been ignored or whose work 
has been minimized because they were women. . . ." 

C 45 ] 

Mary Ritter Beard was born in Indianapolis, Indiana. 
She received a Ph.B. from De Pauw University in 1897 
and did postgraduate work at Columbia. In 1900 she 
married Charles A. Beard and has collaborated with him 
in her writings, the best known work being the two 
volumes titled The Rise of American Civilization. 

Mrs. Beard has had long experience in labor and suf- 
frage movements and has studied and traveled in Europe 
and the Orient. Her volumes include: Woman's Work in 
Municipalities; A Short History of the American Labor 
Movement; The History of the United States. 


TETTERS from New York were first written for the 
*-/ Boston Courier, then under the charge of Joseph T. 
Buckingham. "They were the precursors of that modern 
school of newspaper correspondence In which women 
have so large a share and which has something of the 
charm of a woman's private letters, a style of writing 
where description preponderates over argument and sta- 
tistics make way for fancy and enthusiasm. Many have 
since followed in this path. Others may have equalled 
her, but she gave us a new sensation and that epoch was 
perhaps the climax of her purely literary career," states 
Thomas W. Higginson in his Contemporaries. 

According to a survey by the Atlantic Monthly; "Her 
formative period was that curious and interesting one 
when there was a serene and not self-conscious provin- 
cialism in New England; when foreign and ancient litera- 
ture and life were quietly measured by standards kept in 
the neighborhood of Boston Common; when there was a 
flower of culture which was entirely of native growth and 
production; when New York was a remote and interest- 
ing region to be reported by travelers; and when all <jues- 

[4* ] 

tions of philosophy and religion were to be determined 
with a calm disregard of the rest of the world." 

Bedford, Massachusetts, was the birth place of Lydia 
Maria Child on February 16, 1802. In 1826 she founded 
the Juvenile Miscellany. She published a novel in 1835, 
PMotkea, which is often spoken of as her best book. The 
North American Review, then the chief authority on 
literary criticism, gave her front rank among American 
women authors of that time. She and her husband edited 
the Anti-Slavery Standard in which appeared Letters 
from New York, later published in two volumes, in 

In the fifties, Mrs. Child moved with her husband to 
Wayland, Massachusetts, where she lived quietly until 
her death on October 20, 1880. 

Edited by SARAH J. HALE 

I! UTH R. FINLEY, in her book on Sarah J. Hale, the 
-*-*>- editor of this famous magazine, writes: "I dis- 
covered the real Godey's Lady's Book something quite 
distinct as a whole from the quaint fashion prints that 
now alone recall this old-time periodical. Here almost 
a century ago were the beginings of the various depart- 
ments cookery, beauty, health, architecture, gardening, 
interior decoration so highly developed in today's home 
magazines. All was handled very differently, yet with an 
amazingly modern touch. * . . Then I discovered that 
these departments of Godey's, and its fiction and features 
as well, contained all kinds of first hand information 
about the customs, habits, and viewpoints of a bygone 
America concerning which, though constituting our im- 
mediate yesterday, little has been written. . . . But soon 
it was evident, not only that most of the great literary 

[ 47 ] 

names of nineteenth century America were signed to 
Lady's Book articles, but that these contributors were 
marshaled as part of a carefully conducted plan or edito- 
rial policy having to do mainly with education. Some- 
body was putting up a good fight for children and 
women and was especially concerned for the latter*s 
intellectual and economic freedom.** 

Sarah Josepha Buell Hale was born at Newport, New 
Hampshire, October 24, 1788. She was educated at 
home and married David Hale, a lawyer, in 1813. He 
died nine years later, leaving her five children to support. 
In 1828 she went to Boston to become editor of the 
Ladies 9 Magazine, which was the first periodical in 
America published for women. In 1837 this magazine 
was removed to Philadelphia and united with Godey*$ 
Lady's Book. Mrs. Hale was editor of the Literary De- 
partment until 1877. She originated the Seaman's Aid 
Society in Boston and urged the observance of a Thanks- 
giving Day which President Lincoln adopted in 1864. 
She died in Philadelphia on April 30, 1879. 


TTARRIET MONROE made a place for herself as a 
* -* discoverer of young talent at a time when American 
poetry needed such a discoverer. In "Poets and Theif 
Art, she deals with poets of an older day with the acumen 
which she applied to the newer writers. 

"She gives us the best summary of H. D. that has 
been written. After sympathetic essays on the older 
poets, Miss Monroe modestly hides in the back of her 
book two chapters on the rhythms of English verse 
which I hope every lover of poetry, as well as poets them- 
selves, will find," is the comment in The New Republic. 

[ 48 1 

"It contains brief and highly original studies of Old 
World masters and commentaries upon the poetic art and 
temperament. The least that can be said is that it in- 
creases the debt which poets and poetry already owe to 
its author." Independent. 

Harriet Monroe was born in 1860 in Chicago, where 
she still lives and continues her activities as a poet and 
editor of Poetry, A Magazine of Verse of which she is also 
the founder. Miss Monroe graduated from the Visitation 
Academy of Georgetown, D. C., and was given the hon- 
orary degree of Doctor of Literature by Baylor Uni- 
versity, in Waco, Texas, in 1920. She wrote the Co- 
lumbian Ode for the dedication ceremonies on the four 
hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America, 
October 21, 1892. 

Among her books are: Valeria and Other Poems; John 
Welborn Root, a Memoir; The Passing Show; 'You and 
1; The Difference; Other Poems. 


/CERTAINLY the best review of these Papers can be 
^-* found in the Introduction by Horace Greeley. But 
this quotation from the old Democratic Review also has 
its worth: "May her remarks be cherished!" writes some 
anonymous supporter. So much concession in the direc- 
tion of praise in a generation when Margaret Fuller's 
type of blue-stocking activity was not always kindly 
commented on, is worth much. It shows that this astute 
woman's analysis of American literature, of literary criti- 
cism, of the lives of the great composers as well as of 
journalism, in the United States of her time, made no 
bid to special consideration, but demanded to be accepted 
upon merit of its own. 

[ 49 ] 

Margaret Fuller had a mind which, because it was 
more virile than most feminine minds of her time, was 
catagorized as masculine. In reality she had a good 
mind, not necessarily a masculine one. She exhibited 
simply in the Papers on Literature and Art, as elsewhere, 
that she could think clearly, write accurately and or- 
ganize efficiently. 

Cambridge, Massachusetts, was the birthplace of Mar- 
garet Fuller, on May 3, 1810. She was the eldest of eight 
children. At fifteen she was considered a prodigy. She 
taught school in Boston and Providence. In 1840, she 
became the principal editor of The Dial, a journal 
devoted to transcendental philosophy. She wrote at this 
time Summer on the Lakes and Women in the Nine- 
teenth Century, both outstanding volumes to this day. 
In 1 844 she went to New York to become literary critic 
of the Tribune and two years later sailed for Europe 
and traveled extensively, finally locating in Rome. There 
she married Giovanni Angelo, Marquis Ossoli. While re- 
turning to this country in 1850, she and her child and 
her husband were drowned in a severe storm. 

5 i 


"The greatest -merit of fiction," says 
Sir Arthur Helps, et is that it creates and 
nourishes sympathy." 




E subtitle of this volume concisely sums up its 
*- contents: "The true and romantic story of Alex- 
ander Hamilton." The Pittsburgh Library Bulletin de- 
scribes it as: "Neither fiction nor biography, pure and 
simple, but a mingling of both, which one critic has 
called 'dramatized biography.* " 

Determined to make of the book something more than 
just the usual biography or historical novel, Mrs. Ather- 
ton visited the West Indies in search of local color and 
facts about the early life and ancestors of her subject. 
As a result there is a skeleton of authenticated fact, 
admirably filled out by romantic embroidery which is 
excellent reading. According to The Dial it "reads like 
serious history . . .** 

Gertrude Atherton was born in California in the year 
1857 and was educated in private school. She married 
George H. Bowen Atherton. 

She was made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 
1925. Over thirty-five books are from her pen, many 
having been among the most successful books of their 
respective years. Among them are The Jealous Gods; 

r 5* 3 

Black Oxen; Rczanov; The Doomswoman; and Dido, 
Queen of Hearts, which she wrote in celebration of the 
Virgil bimillenium. 


HpHIS story of Chinese peasant life is a powerful epic 
J- of the soil, in particular, of one man's pride in and 
love for his land. Wang Lung, a young farmer, marries 
O-lan, an honest, faithful though plain woman, who 
bears him sons. At first the earth is good and they enjoy 
prosperity. Then with a crop failure conies dire poverty, 
and famine forces them south to beg their food. But 
Vang Lung never gives up his land and eventually is 
enabled to go back to it again, prosper year by year, and 
build up a great landed manor; to hoard silver, own 
slaves, and take unto himself a pretty second wife. His 
sons are a disappointment to him. They grow up, are 
educated and marry but not one has his father's love 
for the soil Over the dying body of the old one they 
plan to sell this land and move as rich men to the city." 
The Book Review Digest 

As Paul Hutchison observed in the Christian Century, 
"About once a year I stumble on a book that really stirs 
my emotions, it becomes a living thing to me; I an- 
swer to its words, its moods, its unvoiced whisperings as 
one answers to the companionship of a friend. When I 
have finished reading it I cannot be satisfied until I have 
brought others within the circle of its magic. Now I have 
found another of the same sort, The Good Earth." 

It is fitting that Pearl Buck should write of China for 
she was born in the ancient City of Yochow, far in the 

interior of the country. Her parents were American 
Missionaries. Her old Chinese nurse used to tell her 

[ 5* 3 

stories of the countries and imbued the young spirit with 
the background of the country. 

Before she started to write novels, she spent ten years 
reading the novels of China, an indication of her knowl- 
edge of that difficult language. 


story tells how a young man, Jean Marie Latour, 
-* once a seminarist in Auvergne, rode with difficulty 
into the newly erected territory of New Mexico as Vicar 
Apostolic, and of the wise and good works he wrought 
there for many years, until, mourned by all his people, 
"the old Archbishop lay before the high altar in the 
church he built." L. W. Dodd in the Saturday Review 
of Literature further states "by putting unforgettably 
before us the life of Father Latour, Miss Cather has 
also given us truth, has brought to us a quintessence 
distilled from a given region, with all its forms and 
modes of being, throughout a selected, unifying stretch 
of years, but that is not all. The love of these two men 
(Father Vaillant and Father Latour) for each other, 
for their God, their church, and their body-breaking and 
often heart-breaking tasks . . . makes this book a grave, 
uplifting hymn of spiritual beauty." 

Willa Cather is admitted to be one of the outstanding 
women writers of our period. She was born in Winchester, 
Virginia, December 7, 1876. She is a graduate of the 
University of Nebraska, and holds the degrees of B.A., 
LittJCX, and LL.D. From 1906 to 1912 Miss Cather was 
editor of McClure's "Magazine. 

From the very beginning in 1903 when her April 
Twilights and The Troll Garden made their appearance, 
she demonstrated many strains which later achieved full 

[ 53 ] 

flower. With The Song of the Lark and My Antonfa, 
Miss Gather emerged as an artist of rare sensitivity to the 
diverse elements which make up American life. 

My Antonia was a Pulitzer Prize Novel. Some of her 
other Books are: One of Ours; A Lost Lady; The Pro- 
fessor's Hous-e; Shadows on the Rock. 


THIS interesting story is laid in New York City, the 
early part of the nineteenth century. Published in 
1853, The Lamplighter was instantly popular, over 
40,000 copies being sold within two months. It was re- 
published in England, where it was received with even 
greater approbation, and the sale reached upward of 
120,000 copies. The work is one of the noted successes 
in American fiction, being exceeded only by novels like 
Ben Hitr and Uncle Tom's Cabin. 

A typical comment in a review which reveals the 
times when the book appeared, describes it as **A moral 
book; diffuse, sentimental and exclamatory/* 

The Lamplighter is described by one of the Committee 
who selected it for this honor list as "a book which has 
delighted generations of children/* 

Maria Susanna Cummins was one of the group of New 
England authors. She was born on April 9, 1827, and 
her father, Judge David Cummins, took a personal in- 
terest in her education from the very start. Her intimate 
association with him during her earlier years did much 
towards determining the direction of her literary work, 
and his encouragement helped to develop her aspirations. 
She attended Mrs. Charles Sedgwick's school at Lenox 
to finish her education, after which she began to con- 
tribute short stories to the Atlantic Monthly and other 

[ 54 ] 

magazines. When she was twenty-seven she published 
The Lamplighter. 

Several years later appeared I/Label Vaugban, which 
is considered by some critics even superior to her first 
book. She died in Dorchester, October i, 1866. 


* sr ]pHE scene of the earlier part of Show Boat is a float- 
*- ing theatre which twice a year was towed up and down 
the Mississippi River from St. Louis to New Orleans, 
regaling the people of the river towns along the way 
with presentations of East Lynne, St. Elmo and other 
old-time favorites. Magnolia, daughter of Captain Andy 
Hawkes, was the admired leading lady on this variety 
stage, but left it to follow the troubled fortunes of her 
gambler husband in Chicago. The career of Magnolia's 
daughter, Kirn, who became famous on the New York 
stage continues the story to the present." The Book Re- 
view Digest. 

Show Boat is known the world around, having been 
made available to the public in book form, as a play, as 
a motion picture and as a radio presentation. It is sig- 
nificant not only for its success at the time of its first 
performance, but for the period over which that popu- 
larity is keeping it actively before the public eye. 

A judge in choosing Show Boat as one of the hundred 
best books by women describes it as "a pageant in fiction." 

Miss Ferber was born in Kalamazoo, Michigan, August 
15, 1887. She received her education in public schools 
and was graduated from the High School of Appleton, 
Wisconsin. Dawn Q*Hara, released in 1911, is generally 
given as her first book and her talent was immediately 
apparent. Among succeeding works are Buttered Side 
Down; Roast Beef Medium; So Big; Mother Knows 

[ 55 ] 

Best. Miss Ferber has also worked as co-author with 
George V. Hobart and George S. Kaufman, a recent 
collaboration being The Royal Family y a trenchant, 
witty comedy which was an immediate success* 


e *nPHE story of Matey Gilbert opens when she is four 
*- years old and takes her through the early years of 
her married life. Her father is a professor of French 
and some of her life is spent abroad. Everybody con- 
siders the Gilbert's a beautifully cultured home, but the 
sensitive and honest Matey realizes that all is not well 
in that home. Her honesty and power of love and un- 
derstanding help her to make her own marriage some- 
thing beautiful and permanent/* is the concise summary 
of the Book. Keview Digest. 

"Dorothy Canfield's novels have always been forth- 
right and courageous, but in none, I think, has she sus- 
tained the intensity that she pours into this story of a 
hurt child and stifled young girl and the quiet victory 
of love and honesty.*' Books, October 12, 1930. 

Dorothy Canfield Fisher was born, February 17, 1879, 
in Lawrence, Kansas, educated at the Ohio State Uni- 
versity and Columbia University and Middlebury Col- 
lege in Vermont. Miss Canfield holds a Ph.D. degree 
from Ohio State College of 1899; one from Columbia 
and an honorary degree of Doctor of Literature from 
Vermont. On May 9, 1907, she married John Redwood 
Fisher. Among her early works are Corneille and Ratine 
and English Rhetoric and Composition in collaboration 
with G. R. Carpenter. Her later works include The 
Montesorri Mother; Mothers and Children; Hilhboro 
People; The Bent Twig; The Real Motive; fcttow- 
Captains; The Home Maker; Her Son's Wife. 


""DOMANCE in a realistic setting a California Romeo 
-*^- and Juliet, ending happily. The feud is between 
two mining superintendents, and the wild and perilous 
life of the region gives a specific character to the story," 
reported E. A. Baker in Best Fiction. According to the 
Standard Catalog this is "One of the finest descriptions 
of mining life in the West. Story of a feud between the 
rival mining camps and of the love affair of the sister 
of one of the mine superintendents." 

The London Academy commented on the author's 
style of writing; "The reader is to expect his satisfaction 
to arise from carefully drawn types of character and 
dramatic fitness of detail in which event he will not 
be disappointed." 

Mary Hallock Foote was born November 19, 1847, 
at Milton, New York. At the School of Design for 
Women in New York her art tendencies were developed 
and for a time she was a magazine illustrator. This train- 
ing had its effect upon her literary work. When she be- 
gan writing short stories, she illustrated them with her 
own drawings. After marrying Arthur T. Foote, a min- 
ing engineer, they went West, living in Idaho, Cali- 
fornia and Colorado. The romances she wrote at that 
time centered around life on the American frontier. 
Among them were Friend Barton's Concern; A Story of 
a Dry Season; The Last Assembly Ball; The Cup of 
Trembling; The JfrodigaL Into her stories dealing with 
mining life in Montana were woven the various labor 
questions of the time. 

[ 57 ] 


AS DESCRIBED in The Library Bulletin of the Carne- 
*- gie Public Library in Pittsburgh Ulss Lulu Bett is 
"A story of middle Western life centering about a spinster 
who longs for sympathy and an escape from a cheerless 
life of drudgery in her sister's household." According 
to comment in the New York Times, March 28, 1920, 
"Lulu Bett herself is an exquisite piece of portrayal. 
Her development during the course of the events that 
befall her is logical and natural. To us it seems the best 
thing Miss Gale has yet done." After the publication 
of the book, it has been said Miss Gale received a letter 
from a Miss Lulu Bett, a spinster, much concerned that 
she had been taken as the theme of a book, as the novel, 
by coincidence, closely followed her own life. 

"A fine fictional study of an important aspect of 
American society, which, perhaps, only a woman could 
have made," is one of the reasons given by the Committee 
for including M/ss Ltdu Bett in its selection. 

Miss Gale was born in Portage, Wisconsin, on August 
26, 1874. She went to school near home; was graduated 
from Wisconsin University and received her honorary 
Phi Beta Kappa from Western Reserve in 1924. In June 
of 1928, she married William Llewlyn Breese of Portage. 

The titles of her books are an indication of the range 
of her subject-matter: Romance Island; The Loves of 
Peleas and Etarre; Friendship Village; Mothers to Men; 
When I Was a Little Girl; A Daughter of Tomorrow; 
Preface to a Life; The Neighbors (a one-act play); 
Mister "Pitt; Miss Lulu Bett. At one time she was 
winner of a $2,000 prize for a 3,000 word story. Miss 
Gale is a member of the Wisconsin Library Commission 
and the Board of Regents of Wisconsin University, 

c 58 ] 


TJERTHA, half Swede and half Slav, was born on the 
-*-* waterfront of New York. She was heavy with per- 
petual silence, the sign of remote remembrance of a mixed 
ancestry making her inarticulate beyond most people, 
and gave the impression of great physical strength and 
rather mental weakness. She worked hard as a servant 
and life meant little, if anything, to her, until a young 
poet sensed the drama of her uncouth self. For him an 
inspired book of verse was the result of this recognition 
in contrast to former mediocre attempts; to her, it 
brought the Lummox ... a son, who was given over 
to foster parents. Bertha, still silent, realizes how tempo- 
rary was her happiness as she sees her baby taken from 
her. She stumbles through until middle-age, when she 
turns her starved heart toward a motherless family which 
she nurtures. 

"It would not be fair to leave this novel without 
some mention of the beautiful way in which it is writ- 
ten," states the Boston Transcript. "Just as Bertha sym- 
bolizes the earth itself in her strength and kindness, 
so the entire book seems to move to vast, unheard, but 
clearly sensed rhythms." 

Fannie Hurst was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on 
October 19, 1889. She received an A.B. degree from 
Washington University and later took graduate work 
at Columbia University. She made special studies of 
the stage, the shop girl and her environment and also 
served as waitress and saleswoman to get atmosphere 
for her stories. She made a trip in the steerage across 
the Atlantic to gather material, and also made a study 
of Russia. Many of her books have been featured as 
serials in magazines, then, after appearing in book form, 
been adapted to the motion pictures. Among her books 

[ 59 ] 

are Jmt Around the Corner; Every Soul Hath Its Song; 
Gaslight Sonatas; Hnmorcsqne; Star Dust; The Vertical 
City; Mannequin; Song of Life; Back Street. 


HP* HE theme of Ramona is centered around the United 
-IL States Indians and the treatment they received from 
the government. The author was greatly interested in 
bettering the conditions under which the Indians lived 
and used the medium of a novel to bring out those 
things which needed correction. The setting is in South- 
ern California. One of the old mission Indians is the 
hero. The narrative deals with old-fashioned life on the 
Spanish rancho, the household, the pastoral occupations 
and religious observances. It is a tragic love story which 
is read, not only by "grown ups," but is also a favorite 
for young girls and boys. 

Over a hundred years ago, in 1 83 i, in Amherst, Massa- 
chusetts, was born one of the best known writers of the 
century Helen Maria Fiske Hunt Jackson her father 
being a Professor at Amherst College. In 1870 when 
her meditative Verses were first published, they were 
praised by Emerson. As both a poet and author, she 
excelled. Moving to Colorado Springs, she was ap- 
pointed in 1883 a special commissioner to investigate 
the conditions of the Mission Indians of California. 
She also studied the early Spanish Missions. In A Century 
of Dishonor, the author denounced the government's 
dealings with the natives, being an ardent worker for 
their cause at all times. 


" 7TTH the seemingly limited experience of a sum- 
* * mer holiday as a starting point, Sara Orne Jewett 
has given us in The Country of the Pointed Firs, a con- 
tinuation of her gallery of portraits and scenes of the 
rich, quiet life, the full and spiritual beauty, combined 
with the keen humor of a seaside settlement in Maine. 
The writer was early distinguished for her astonishing 
ability to draw from life the venerable people of that 
far north State. She was able to endow them with some- 
thing of that lingering youthfulness, that gayety and 
innocence which is to be found wherever one probes 
into rustic virility. Her men are shy and unsophisticated, 
but they have the added virtue of honesty; her women 
are generally mothers and workers, but they, too, have 
the ingredients of quaint originality and old-world grace. 
There is a weather-beaten sea captain in this tale who 
builds for himself and his listeners a spirit city within 
the Arctic Circle, a gatherer of herbs, and other child- 
like and Wordsworthian figures who make it delightful. 

Sara Orne Jewett was the daughter of Theodore Her- 
man Jewett, an eminent physician and surgeon. She was 
born at South Berwick, Maine, on September 3, 1849. 
She received her education from private tutors. She 
began to write early and soon received recognition and 
established a reputation which has endured. Her first 
book. Deep haven, was followed by Play Days; Old 
"Friends and New; A Country Doctor; Tales of New 
England; The Country of the Pointed Firs. Several of 
these volumes were republishd in France and England, 
countries where readers found that Miss Jewett's work 
gave them an accurate insight into American character, 
and especially into New England life. 

t i i 


odd and painful custom of shipping cargoes of 
*- brides to the early Colonial settlements is the first 
dramatic incident of Mary Johnston's quickly moving 
story of old Virginia. When a beautiful maid -of -honor, 
ward of the King, and favorite of the Court, flees a 
libertine nobleman for whom she is destined, along with 
the other brides sent out by the Company, one is im- 
mediately in the thick of the historical incidents of i6zi, 
She marries a stalwart, staunch settler, a famous swords- 
man of the section, who defends his wife against the 
nobleman. Adventure moves quickly, daringly, cfaz- 
zlingly against that primitive culture which was trying 
Bard to graft itself to a decadent aristocracy. The char- 
acters are boldly outlined and the setting is authentic. 

There are some writers whose manifest destiny, it 
seems, is to interpret the land of their birth, who have 
innate sympathy for the folk among whom they grow 
up and a sympathetic understanding of the problems of 
their immediate locale. Such a writer is Mary Johnston. 
Even though she confines herself to romantic fiction, 
she still manages to make the South as she knew It the 
point of departure. 

Mary Johnston was born on November 21, 1870, in 
Buchanan, Botetourt County, Virginia. She was pri- 
vately educated and lived mostly at home with her own 
people. Many well known novels of the early twentieth 
century came from her pen, among them: Prisoners of 
Hope; Sir Mortimer; Pioneers of the Old South; The 
Slave Ship; Hunting Shirt; Miss Dcltcia Allen. 


Ty/CARGARET PA GET is a teacher, tired of her hum- 
jJVJ. d ru rn schoolroom routine and everything that 
goes to make up her life in a quiet up-state town in New 
York. But the days take on new happiness and her whole 
life is transformed as she assumes the role of Mother in 
a happy home with eight little people growing up. 

Ida M. Tarbell, who reviewed the book in the Inde- 
pendent when it came out in 1911, said, "It is given to 
few, who as the years go on, feel increasing love for a 
father and mother long dead, to express that love in a 
tribute so perfect as Mother." 

Bookman's comment was that "occasionally there 
comes along a book which for sheer beauty demands 
merely a record of its recognition rather than an ex- 
tended review that might contain presumptive criticism. 
Mrs, Norris, in Mother, has produced just such a little 
story; its charm of treatment dignifying the old about 
which it is written." 

Kathleen Norris was born in San Francisco on July 1 6, 
1880, and has spent most of her time since in her native 
state of California. She studied with private teachers and 
took a special course at the University of California. 
She married Charles G. Norris, also a well known nov- 
elist. In 1910 she began writing short stories and has 
continued to write for the leading magazines ever since. 
Mother, chosen for this list, was her first book, and 
through it she attained immediate recognition. There fol- 
lowed: The Rich Mrs. Eurgoyne; The Story of Julia 
Page; The Heart of Rachel; Joslyn's Wife; Certain 
People of Importance; The Callihans and Murpbys; 
Hildegarde; and others. 


book depicts life among the Gullah Negroes 
in South Carolina. The story is that of Mary, a girl 
of fifteen, who is married to July, the "handsomest" 
young negro in the settlement. The husband soon tires 
of home life and leaves for the city. Sister Mary stays 
and during the ensuing years "takes the road" which 
earns for her the name of Scarlet Sister Mary. When 
July returns twenty years later, repentant, Mary will 
not accept him, even though she still loves him. The 
Book section of the New York Herald Tribune com- 
mented that "Mrs. Peterkin is unsurpassed by any writer 
in America. Certainly as an interpreter of the Southern 
negro she is pre-eminent." 

Dale "Warren in the Boston Transcript of November 
10, 1928, stated: "Mrs. Peterkin's prose has a beauty and 
a richness which is a balm to a distracted world. The 
delicious humor of the negro, his love, his fear, his 
simplicity, his religion, and his superstition, so faithfully 
rendered, cry aloud from these pages. There is something 
here I think that we can find nowhere else/* 

Julia Peterkin is a true daughter of the South. She 
was born in Laurens County, South Carolina, October 
31, 1880. She received the degree of A.B. from Converse 
College in Spartanburg, South Carolina, and an A.M. 
from the same college. In 1903 she married George 
Peterkin of Lang Syne Plantation, Fort Motte, South 
Carolina, and settled down in an environment which she 
knew and loved. 

She is a member of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution, and the Daughters of the Confederacy. Her 
books include Green Thursday and Black April* Scarlet 
Sister Mary was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for 1928. 


WRITING in The Radical in 1870, Fred M. Hol- 
land makes comment which perhaps typifies the 
reception accorded The Gates Ajar. "Not only is it as 
deeply religious a work as ever was written, and as rich in 
womanly sympathy as in childlike faith; but it further 
deserves our notice as a plain and powerful protest 
against the narrow, old-fashioned views of heaven still 
current in hymn books, and, I fear, occasionally in the 
pulpit." Mr. Holland also noted that the demand for it 
has been as great and as eager "as if it were a new 
novel; and one orthodox congregation out West has con- 
soled itself during the absence of its pastor for the sum- 
mer vacation with the hope that he would bring back 
with him as his colleague, *Miss Gates Ajar.* '* 

Elizabeth Stuart Phelps was born in 1844 and lived 
until 1911. She married Herbert D. Ward in 1888. 
"Her first book," states The Standard Reference Work, 
"was The Gates Ajar, published in 1868. It attracted 
wide attention and is believed to have had considerable 
influence on the prevailing views concerning the future 
life. Mrs. Ward's style is original, vigorous and usually 
impressive. She has something to say and says it well." 
Other books that followed are: Beyond the Gates; The 
Gates Between; Men, 'Women and Ghosts; The Story 
of Avis; Songs of the Silent World. 


**npHE Chessers, a family of whites from the Kentucky 
*- Hills, with the restless urge of pioneers, keep mov- 
ing from place to place looking always for a more fertile 
land beyond. The story centers about Eleanor Chesser, 

the daughter of the family who has vague yearnings 
for beauty and something better than the present life 
she knows. She marries a luckless young farmhand and 
the odyssey continues. When the dream of their lives is 
just about to be fulfilled a farm of their own the 
unjust hostility of his neighbors towards Ellen's husband 
flames up and sends them forth again with their children 
on their wanderings, a far-piece this time. This journey 
is almost a flight," The Book Review Digest thus gives 
the theme of the story of The Time of Man. 

Dorothy Graffe terms it, in her review in The Nation, 
September 8, 1926, "A book that is somehow realistic 
although written in poetic language, that is beautiful 
though it deals with dirt and poverty and ugliness. A 
saga of the heroic woman, living near the earth," 

Elizabeth Madox Roberts was born in Kentucky near 
Springfield. Most of her early years were spent in study- 
ing the people there, both on farms and in towns, gather- 
ing material used later as a basis for her writings. 

After living in the Colorado Rockies for some time, 
she entered the University of Chicago and specialized in 
the study of Philosophy and Language, receiving a Ph.D. 
degree. "While still an undergraduate she won the Fisk 
prize for poetry. Shortly after, Under The Tree, a book of 
verse was published. She then turned to prose. Her first 
novel, The Time of Man, was a selection of the Book-of- 
the-Month Club. Its popularity extended to England. It 
was later translated into German and Swedish. My Heart 
and My Flesh, her second novel, firmly established Eliza- 
beth Madox Roberts among the important American 
women writers. The Great Meadow was a recent success- 
ful novel. 



THE LEAVENWORTH CASE was written in 1878 

and brought the author national and international 
success, as being one of the best of the many detective 
stories from her versatile mind. 

Perhaps the best review of this book is to be found in 
the reasons for its inclusion as one of the one hundred 
best books of American women in the past hundred 
years. "A classic mystery story with excellent character 
development and verisimilitude" comments one judge 
and another says, "Even through the recent craze for 
crime fiction, this still remains a pattern in plot and 
presentation and it was written long before the vogue 

Anna Katherine Green Rohlf s had the distinction as a 
college student of initiating Ralph Waldo Emerson into 
the class "secret society" and forever after she has been 
interested in secret procedure of all sorts. Mrs. Rohlfs 
is one of our best known writers of criminal romance. 
With the exception of two of her books, Kisifi's Daughter 
and The Defense of the Bride, all her works have been 
translated into foreign languages and nearly all of her 
stories have appeared in leading magazines as serials, 
prior to book publication. 

She was born in Brooklyn, New York, November n, 
1846 and was educated in New York City schools and 
at Ripley College, Vermont. She married Charles Rohlfs 
on November 25, 1884. 

Mrs. Rohlfs is still active today in Buffalo, where she 
has made her home for many years. 

Among her other well known works are That Affair 
Next Door; The Step on the Stair; Initials Only. 


* er |pHE contrasting social standard of French and Eng- 
-L lish, in particular their different views about love 
and marriage, form the background of this story. Alix, 
the little French girl is sent to England to find the suit- 
able marriage which her mother's mode of living had 
made impossible in France and at the same time to free 
Hainan from her daughter's innocence and embarrassing 
presence while she is pursuing the latest of a succession 
of love adventures into which her dangerous beauty and 
charm had led her. Unable to give up her own way of 
living, Mme. Vervier wished something different for her 
tenderly loved daughter. Fortunately the exquisite Alix 
falls into kind hands in England. She steers her sure and 
delicately balanced course never failing in loyalty to her 
beautiful mother or in appreciation and understanding 
of her English friends, and in the end she finds the best 
kind of Englishman for a husband and a true love mar- 
riage instead of the marriage de convenance her mother 
had planned." This concisely sums up the story in the 
Book Review Digest. 

In 1873 in Englewood, New Jersey, Anne Douglas 
Sedgwick was born and there she spent her early youth. 
In her later teens, she went to live in London and Paris 
where she studied art. So often the creative mind starts 
in one channel with the eagerness of youth, only to find 
another sister-art beckoning. This was the case with this 
young genius, who at twenty-two definitely decided to 
transfer her interest to writing. Tante, her first great 
success was followed in rapid succession by a number of 
volumes, among them The Shadow of Life; Valerie Up- 
ton; Anabel Channice; Franklin Winstow Kane; The 
Next; The Third Window; The Old Countess. 

Anne Douglas Sedgwick married Basil de Selincourt 

and has made her home abroad ever since with occasional 
visits to America. 


T TNCLE TOM'S CABIN needs no introduction. It is 
^ a book which has gone down in history not only 
for its literary merit, but as one of the most powerful 
pieces of anti-slavery propaganda of its day. The book 
was written in the white heat of a one-sided observation 
of the whole situation, and the characters are symbols 
and types rather than human beings. Despite its ap- 
portionment of all goodness to Eva, all brutality to 
Legree, and all gentleness to Uncle Tom, it has captured 
and held the imagination of millions, quite literally, up 
till this very day. Harriet Beecher Stowe was a woman 
especially fitted to understand the latent indignation 
which would meet her expose* because she herself was so 
deeply identified with the very reading public to which 
her book appealed. 

Leypoldt and lies term it "One of the most famous 
of 'timely' books. It was not half true, it was written 
with passion and prejudice and it accomplished what all 
the cool, judicial statements in the world would have 
failed in." 

Harriet Beecher Stowe was born in Litchfield, Con- 
necticut, in 1811, the third daughter of Dr. Lyman 
Beecher whose strong personality and fine mentality were 
reflected in his children. It was his interest in anti-slavery 
which gave her the impetus that finally expressed itself 
in Uncle Tom's Cabin. 

Her mother died early and Harriet was raised by her 
grandmother, at Guilford, where she received an early 
education. She went to Cincinnati where her father re- 
ceived a theological post in 1832, and in 1833 she won 
her first literary prize of $50. In 1836, she married Pro- 

fessor Calvin E. Stowe of Lane Seminary. Household 
affairs engrossed her at first and she wrote little, but IB 
1852 appeared Uncle Tom's Cabin. This reached an 
amazing sale for that time 300,000 copies the first year. 
She wrote considerably more, scores of children 3 
stories, serious essays and novels, but the world remembers 
her as the creator of Little Eva, Uncle Tom and Topsy! 


HpHE BOOKLIST reports that Ethan Frome is: "A 
J- grim tale of retribution told in so masterly a manner 
that the story seems a transcription from real life. The 
three characters are a discouraged New England farmer, 
his hypochondriac wife, and a girl who still finds some 
joy in living." 

The Nation's comment: "The wonder is that the 
spectacle of so much pain can be made to yield so much 

The eternal triangle is the basis for the story and 
brings the inevitable result to all concerned * , unhap- 
piness and retribution. 

Should one ask an intelligent European reader what 
name stands out immediately among present day Amer- 
ican women writers, that name would more than likely 
be Edith Wharton. 

Edith Wharton was born in New York in 1862 and 
was educated privately. She married Edward Wharton in 
1885 and for four years struggled with the business of 
home building. In 1899 she published The Greater 
Inclination. The Touchstone and Crucial Instances soon 
followed and a book appeared almost annually thereafter. 
More recent of her works are The Custom of the 
Country; The Age of Innocence; Old Maid; Mother's 
Recompense. Mrs. "Wharton was given the Order of 
Leopold of Belgium and of the Legion d'Honneur for 
her work as a writer and her worth as a woman. 

[ 70 3 


TT IS a question as to which group is more numerous, 
* those who have read $/. El-mo or those who have heard 
its resounding language from some traveling troupe of 
actors. The Southern Review, in April, 1 8 67, was quite 
severe with the author and accused her learning as "picked 
from encyclopedias," due to the many learned discus- 
sions between the heroine, Edna Earl, and the misan- 
thrope and scoffer, St. Elmo, ending up, however, in this 
generous vein: "But when our author descends from her 
learned Cothurnus, she writes in good, plain, vigorous 
and . . . pure English. Many passages, and especially the 
description of the death of Felix are full of pathos and 
beauty." Redpath's Library of Universal Literature re- 
cords, "Her style is on the whole good her depiction 
of Southern plantation life in ante-bellum days is vividly 
correct, and her gentlemen and gentlewomen are such 
in the true sense of the words." 

Everybody remembers St. Elmo. But how many re- 
member that Augusta Evans Wilson was its author? She 
first saw the light in Columbus, Georgia, in 1835. When 
she was three her parents removed to southwestern Texas 
where for some years they led the arduous and stirring 
life of Texas pioneers. In 1841 they settled in Mobile, 
Alabama, where their daughter spent much of the time 
later on. She never attended school, but received her 
education under the direction of her mother, who was a 
cultured and gifted woman. Her first novel, Inez, was 
written when she was fifteen. Her father sent the book 
to Harper Brothers and to the astonishment of them all 
the manuscript was published. Then came Beulah which 
was even more popular than her first effort and later 
St. Elmo, Infelice and Vashti, for the manuscript of 
which she was paid $15,000. 

[ 7* ] 


ff 3 Twas the saying of an ancient $age> 
Gorgias Leontinus, that Humor -was the 
only test of gravity and gravity of 
humor* For a subject that would not 
bear of raillery was suspicious; and a 
jest which would not bear serious ex- 
amination was certainly false wit." 


HpHE PETERKIN PAPERS were Invented by the 
-"- charming, clever Lucretia Peabody Hale for the 
younger daughter of Lucretia's old schoolmate, Mrs. 
Lesley, during a summer stay in the hill country of 
Princeton, Massachusetts. "Little Meggie was ill. Sitting 
by her bedside, Aunt Lucretia, as the child called her, 
told the story of 'The Lady Who Put Salt into Her 
Coffee,* " writes Ellen Day Hale in the Bookman. 
". . . The Lady from Philadelphia who set everything 
right in these tales was Mrs. Lesley, this fortunate child's 
mother. The fourth of the stories was first told at Keene 
at the house of Lucretia's other life-long friend, Margaret 
Harding. These stories The Peterkin Papers form the 
main literary accomplishment of Lucretia Male's life; 
but I doubt if she ever really knew they were that. She 
had already given much more time and labor than they 
ever required at her hand to work which was significant 
and interesting in relation to that day . . . but not much 
of that work lasted. . ." 

C 7* ] 

And so the impromptu production of this charming 
lady's mind, not overly evaluated by herself, came to 
stand for a high quality of humor in American letters. 

Lucretia Peabody Hale was born in Boston on Septem- 
ber 2, 1820, her father, Nathan Hale, being the editor 
of The Boston Daily Advertiser. Her life was spent in 
Boston and Brookline, Massachusetts. Her whole life 
was devoted to literary work and educational matters. 
She served on various committees of an educational and 
charitable nature. Among her published books are The 
Lord's Supper and Its Observances; The Service of Sor- 
row; The Peter kin Papers which originally appeared in 
Young Folks and St. Nicholas magazines. She died June 
12, 1900. 


^ in the words of one of the judges who Selected it for 
this listing, "the late John Kendrick Bang*s contention 
that women have no sense of humor;*' With this work 
in hand, one has an excellent, readable, extremely 
humorous yard-stick by which to measure present en- 
thusiasm for an event similar to that which it portrays. 
The Dictionary of American Biography contains this 
excellent pen picture of Samantha, who was, in her day, 
a character not to be toyed with lightly: "Miss Marietta 
Holley," reads the review, "has done much to add to the 
gaiety of nations. As Josiah Allen's wife she has enter- 
tained as large an audience, I should say, as has been 
entertained by the humor of Mark Twain. The droll 
imperturbable sanity of Samantha busy over her cooking 
and manifold practical duties of her household, her out- 
bursts against limitations imposed by the masculine sex, 

[ 73 1 

her philippics against the liquor traffic, all expressed in 
a homely idiom, have been read by enthusiastic thou- 
sands. Samantha, standing before her various books in 
the library of the Chicago World's Fair, exclaims, It is 
dretful fond of me the nation is, and well it might be. 
I have stood up for it time and agin, and there I've done 
a sight for it in the way of advisin' and backin* it up.* ** 

Under the unique pseudonym of Josiah Allen's Wife, 
Marietta Holley wrote most of her stories. She was born 
in Jefferson County, New York, July 16, 1836, Her first 
literary endeavors were in the form of contributions to 
the Christian Union, Peterson's Magazine and the Inde- 
pendent. My Opinions and Betsy Bobbefs was her first 
book followed by Samantha at the Centennial. Other 
books on the adventures of Samantha, took her to Sara- 
toga and to the World's Fair. The character is humorous, 
but "Samantha is, after all, characterized by great good 
sense." For forty-one years Marietta Holley was active 
as humorist, poet, essayist, novelist. The fame of her 
Samantha stories spread even to foreign lands. She died in 
1926 at the age of ninety. 


A MERICAN HUMOR, the title of the book, is de- 
^"^ fined in the sub-title "A Study of the National 
Character." It is the history of American humor since 
the Revolution, and truly presents a picture of the na- 
tion as reflected in its outstanding personalities, its jokes, 
stage representatives, its lecturers, its outstanding literary 
figures. It is a composite of the complex many-sided 
American and his reactions to humor, quite as unique 
in comparison as any other nation's and expressing as 
much the trait of the individual as a study of the serious 

[ 74 ] 

moments. The author believes that the foremost literary 
figures o the past and present, through their humor, 
have produced a great American tradition. 

F. H. Brut en in The New 'York Evening Post of 
March 21, 1931, observed, "Miss Rourke's volume is 
scholarly in temper and the conclusions she draws emerge 
from a careful examination of every aspect of a century 
of recorded literary and dramatic humor." 

Constance Mayfield Rourke was born in Cleveland, 
Ohio, on November 14, 1885. She received her A.B. 
from Vassar in 1907 and was holder of the Borden 
Fund for foreign travel and study at that time. Later she 
became an instructor at the college from which she 

Her works include: Trumpets of Jubilee and Troupers 
of the Gold Coast. 

[75 ] 


"The childhood shows the man as 
'morning shows the day." 



WHAT child has not read the fascinating history 
of the March family with tears and laughter and 
joy? And what grown-up does not liave a fond memory 
of it? 

Perhaps the worth of Louisa M. Alcott's book grows 
from the fact that the experiences which she uses as 
fabric for her story are experiences which actually made 
up her own childhood. The March family is the author's 
own family, and the "Little Women** are herself and her 
sisters. There is Jo, the heroine, a lovable tomboy with 
an ambition to be a writer; Meg, the eldest, an aspirant 
to ladyhood; Beth who is the saint of the family, and 
gold-haired Amy, the youngest, who tells her sisters that 
her ambition is to be a great artist and to overcome her 
selfishness. The girls go to parties, to picnics; they act 
out their little plays in their front parlor; they read 
aloud; they write tragedies; they indulge in childish 

The book is charming, wholesome, ever living. Be- 
cause it has in it the fine truth of children's hopes and 
fears, children's loyalties and ambitions, it is the kind of 
book which will survive. Little Women never gets self- 
righteous or dictatorial and for that reason Is one of the 
best juvenile books ever written. 

C 76 ] 

Louisa May Alcott was born in Pennsylvania in 1832, 
being the daughter of Amos Bronson Alcott, writer and 
educator, one of the founders of the transcendental 
school of philosophy in New England. Miss Alcott won a 
popularity with children which carried on through the 
years. Her stories were written principally for girls, and 
the volume Little Women is known to all. Among her 
other works are Little Wives; Little Men; Hospital 
Sketches; Aunt Jo's Scrapbag. 


TITTLE LORD FAUNTLEROY, with his long curls 
-" and lace collars and his traditionally impeccable 
manners, was both the pattern and bane of a period 
which is now but a memory. It is not generally known 
that the original lad after whom the author patterned 
her young "hero" was her own son, who is living today. 
The book was issued in 1886 and was immediately a 
sensation. It came rather aptly at a time when long 
curls and point lace were thought appropriate for all 
boys, both fragile and husky. The book was early drama- 
tized by Elsie Leslie who took the title role. Mrs. Bur- 
nett's juvenile stories have been termed "fairy tales of 
real life." Though times have greatly changed for the 
younger generation since 1886, the book lives on as an 
interesting sample of a period recent enough for many 
now living to recall. 

Frances Elizabeth Hodgson Burnett was born in Man- 
chester, England, on November 24, 1849, moving with 
her parents to this country at the conclusion of the 
Civil "War and settling in Tennessee. After her marriage 
to Dr. Swan Burnett, she traveled extensively in Europe 
and later married Stephen Townsend. Mrs. Burnett wrote 

[ 77 ] 

many short stories and articles, though she was best 
known as author of several successful books, among 
them being That Lass o* Lowries; Hawortb's; A Fair Bar- 
barian; Through One Administration; The Making of a 


HpHE DOTTY DIMPLE books are representative of 
*- juvenile literature of the middle of the nineteenth 
century. Following the success of the Little Prudy series 
by the same author, one notes the interesting comment 
that "When her Dotty Dimple books were ready for 
publication, she was offered a hundred dollars a volume, 
(in 1867) but by this time she had become more sophis- 
ticated and secured a ten percent basis." The Dictionary 
of American Biography continues by stating, u The char- 
acters in her stories were all drawn from life, the adults 
from Norridgewock people, the children from her own 
nephews and nieces, and Norridgewock furnished nearly 
all her settings. The boys and girls of her books are nat- 
ural, fun-loving, sometimes naughty beings, instead of 
the stiff perfection of most juvenile literature of her 

Rebecca Sophia Clarke was born on Washington's 
Birthday, February 22, 1833. She was educated at Nor- 
ridgewock, Maine, and began writing in 1863. 

Among her books are: Little Prudy Stories, in six 
volumes; Dotty Dimple Stones; Little Prudy' s Flyaway 
series; Quinnebasset ; another similar series; F la pie Frizzle 
series; Little Prudy 9 s Children; Drone's Honey, a 
novel; Pauline Wyman and 703; Bells. 

c 78 


HPHIS is the story of "a delightful adventure of a 
*" little white cat who belonged to a poor Japanese 
artist. When the artist is engaged to paint the picture of 
the dying Buddha with the animals coming to say fare- 
well, he cannot resist painting at the end his little white 
cat. Now the cat, of all the animals, was the only one 
not present at the death of the Buddha so the priests 
were furious with the artist and repudiated his picture. 
Next morning when they entered the temple they found 
a miracle had occurred and the little white cat had 
disappeared from his place in the picture and had re- 
appeared under the outstretched hand of the Buddha. 
And so it was that the Little Cat Went to Heaven/* 
Thus writes a reviewer in the Book Review Digest of 
this most unusual and poetic story. 

The New York Times said of the book, "Into this 
lovely and imaginative story the author has put some- 
thing of the serenity and beauty of the East and of the 
gentleness of a religion that has a place even for the 
humblest of living creatures." This book was awarded 
the Newberry Medal as the best children's story of 1930. 

Elizabeth Coatesworth was born on the last day of 
May, 1893, in Buffalo. She attended Buffalo Seminary 
and received the degree A.B. at Vassar and A.M. at 
Columbia. In 1929 Miss Coatesworth married Henry 
Best on. 

Her writings have appeared in many leading maga- 
zines. Her volumes include Fox Footprints; Atlas and 
Beyond; The Cat and the Captain; Compass Rose, an- 
other book of verse; Toiitou in Bondage, for children, and 
The Sun's Diary. 

[ 79 ] 




HANS BRINKER of the Silver Skates! 
Hans Brinker with his funny shoes and his tre- 
mendous balloon trousers! 

Hans Brinker astonishing little American readers be- 
cause of the similarity of his delights and pleasures and 

Much of the fascination of the book came from pene- 
trating into the routine of a foreign child's life. Hans 
Brinker had playthings that were oddly shaped, and 
pastimes that were more oddly conceived; he bobbed for 
apples, however, just as all children do on Hallowe'en 
that made him good fun! And he loved skating that 
made him just like the boy next door! 

This mixture of the universal and the particular is a 
pledge of the continued popularity of Little Hans. 

Mary Elizabeth Mapes Dodge was an American editor, 
author and poet, born in 1838 in New York City. She 
was editor of St. Nicholas Magazine and at an earlier 
date also assisted Harriet Beecher Stowe and Donald G. 
Mitchell in editing Hearth and Home. She died August 
21, 1905, after a most active life. 

She was author of Irvington Stories, Rhymes and 
Jingles, Theophilus and Others, and When Life wm 
Young. Her volumes of verse are Along the Way and 
Poems and Verses. Hans Brinker or The Silver Skates Is 
her best known book. It went through many editions and 
foreign translations. 


DINSMORE appeared in the year 1867. The 
good little girl there portrayed won such approval 
from parents and Sunday School teachers that other 
Elsie books followed rapidly until by 1905 over twenty- 
five had been written and Elsie had become a grand- 
mother," is the summary of this series in the Dictionary 
of American Biography. 

The Elsie series belong to a period now past. The 
change has been so marked in the two generations since 
the Elsie books appeared as to move one contemporary 
writer to take young Elsie as the theme for a book, 
placing her in the twentieth century with her nineteenth 
century point of view. The contrast is marked. Never- 
theless many women of today were "brought up" on 
the Elsie Dinsmore stories. They were an expression of 
their times among juvenile books. 

Chillicothe, Ohio, was the birthplace of Martha Finley 
on April 26, 1828. Her grandfather was a personal friend 
of Washington, having been a Major in the Revolu- 
tionary Army. He served as a General in the War of 
1812. The name of Farquharson which she often used 
as a pen name is the Gaelic for Finley. 

Her education was in private schools in Philadelphia 
and also in South Bend, Indiana, where her family moved 
when Martha was a little girl Reaching her twenties, 
she went to New York and Philadelphia. For a time she 
taught school and in 1853 began newspaper writing and 
also wrote for the Presbyterian Publication Committee. 
As her juvenile books began to receive attention and be- 
came popular, she devoted all her time to them. Later 
she settled in Elkston, Maryland, and lived there until 
her death in 1909. 

Her books appeared in several series beginning with 
the Elsie series; followed by the Mildred series; the Do 
Good Library; The Pewifs Nest series and also the Finley 
series, which though not children's stories, were very 


RLLYANNA has almost become an authentic word 
^presenting a certain disposition, an adaptability and 
a general cheerfulness, one, who through experience has 
learned to surmount the events of life and rise above all 
situations with a sunny outlook, in contrast to the 
cynical. As The Literary Digest stated: "It is a story of 
the wonders worked by a sunny disposition and shows 
the far-reaching influence of a child's love." 

"A little girl who has been taught the game of finc|~ 
ing something to be glad for in whatever happens, is 
landed suddenly in a somewhat fossilized New England 
village. She applies her scheme of life to the people 
about her with startling results, as funny as they are 
pathetic," is the comment in the New York Sun, 

The author shows her skill in keeping the incidents 
natural, the people true to form and the little girl has all 
the humanhood a child should have. 

Eleanor Hodgson Porter was born in Littleton, New 
Hampshire, December 19, 1868. She attended the public 
schools and later the New England Conservatory of 
Music and continued her studies under private teachers. 
She married John Lyman Porter of Vermont in 1892. 

Among her many volumes are the well known series 
of Miss Billy; Miss Billy's Decision; Miss Billy's Marriage. 
Pollyanna, too, had its sequel in Pollyanna Grows Up. 
Other books by the same author include: Cross Cur- 
rents; The Turn of the Tide; The Story of Marco; Just 

David; The Road to Understanding; Oh! Money Money; 
Dawn; Across the Years; The Tie That Binds. 


HpHIS story of the optimistic widow who, in spite of 
J- other adversities, looks at the bright side of things, 
is almost a classic. Reality never annoys Mrs. Wiggs; 
even the name of her patch has nothing to do with fact. 
The Cabbage Patch is merely a collection of remarkable 
cottages set down at random close to the railroad tracks. 
The scene of the story is laid in Kentucky and true 
Southern atmosphere pervades it. Mrs. Wiggs demon- 
strates her originality in many ways; she names her 
daughters geographically, Asia, Australia and Europena; 
she succeeds in straightening out a romance between a 
philanthropic young lady, Miss Lucy Olcott, and her 
beau, Robert Redding, with whom she has had a mis- 

Frederick Dix says in The Outlook* December 6, 1902, 
"It is deliciously humorous because the humor is per- 
fectly natural, without being sentimental and with all 
its pathos it is never sad because there is not a note 
of despondency in it." 

On January n, 1870, Alice Caldwell Hegan Rice was 
born in Shelbyville, Kentucky. Her education was in 
private schools. Rollins College honored her with the 
degree of Doctor of Literature. She has always been 
interested in settlement work and was one of the 
founders of the Cabbage Patch Settlement House in 
Louisville. She married Cale Young Rice in 1902. Mrs. 
Rice is a member of the International P. E. N. She col- 
laborated with her husband in writing Turn About Tales 
and Winners and Losers. 


Among her other volumes are Quinn; The Honorable 
Percival; Calvary Alley; Miss Mink's Soldier and Other 
Stories; A Romance of Billy Goat Hill; Sandy and Lovey 


WHO has not enjoyed The Five Little Peppers? 
Can anyone forget the fascination which their 
journeyings had for stay-at-homes? Margaret Sidney 
Lothrop gave her pen and ink personages glamour and 
a glow which time has neyer dulled. They were a happy 
sun-shiny family, poor in worldly goods, but rich in the 
abundance of love and spirit. First the Five Little Pep- 
pers went to school and did the usual things. Then the 
Five Little Peppers began to grow up and almost all 
their readers recognized the veracity of their problems. 
And then they were Midway, and after that there was 
Phronsie Pepper, and after that, Europe! 

Margaret Sidney was the pseudonym for Harriett Mul- 
ford Stone. Lothrop, born in New Haven, Connecti- 
cut in 1844. On October 4, 1881, she married Daniel 
Lothrop. She was the Founder and National President 
and later made Honorary President of the organization, 
Children of the American Revolution; was also associ- 
ated with the Society for the Preservation of American 
Antiques, the League of American Pen Women, Society 
of Mayflower Descendants, Colonial Dames of America, 
the D. A. R. and other patriotic organizations. Mrs. 
Lothrop is author of So As By Fire; Five Little Peppers 
and How They Grew; Five Little Peppers Midway; and 
several books of poems and other stories. 

[ 84 1 


E WIDE WIDE WORLD follows the life of the 
* heroine, Ellen Montgomery, from early childhood to 
marriage with a fullness of particulars which leaves 
nothing to the reader's imagination. The parents of the 
heroine go to Europe and place her in the care of sharp- 
tempered Fortune Emerson, a relative. Among sordid 
influences at her new home her childish nature is en- 
tirely dwarfed and blighted until the advent of Alice 
Humphreys, a sweet and lovable girl, who with wise and 
tender patience develops the germs of Ellen's really ex- 
cellent character. 

Later when her mother and Alice Humphreys die, Ellen 
comes to take up a daughter's duties in the home of her 
kind friend. The scenes and episodes are those of a homely 
every-day existence, lighted by the inner beauty of Ellen's 
spiritual life. 

The Wide Wide World reached a sale of five hundred 
thousand copies and was translated into French and 

Susan Warner was born in New York, July n, 1819, 
Writing as Elizabeth Wetherell, she gained a huge popular 
success with her first book. Queechy, her second volume, 
was welcomed with almost equal success at home and 
abroad and had the honor of a Swedish version. Among 
her other works are: American Female Patriotism, a prize 
essay in 1852; The Law and The Testimony, an arrange- 
ment of Scripture texts; The Hill of Sbatemic; The 
Golden Ladder; The Old Helmet; A Story of Small Be- 
ginning; Say and Do Series; Kingdom of Judah; Walls 
of Jerusalem. 

According to the National Encyclopedia of American 
Biographies, **All these were addressed quite as much to 
the morals as to the intellectual powers and met their 

reward more fully from the public than from the critics." 
Miss Warner died at Highland Falls, New York on March 
17, 1885." 



" TERUSHA ABBOTT was the oldest orphan in the John 
** Grier Home. She was seventeen and for two years had 
been taking care of the other orphans when the wonder 
happened a trustee who wished his name withheld 
offered to send her to college. The little book is made up 
of the letters Judy wrote during her four college years to 
her unknown trustee, christened Daddy-Long-Legs. 

"The bright, whimsical letters with their original il- 
lustrations were sufficiently entertaining in themselves, 
but there is also a story interest added, and a happy end- 
ing with the revelation of the identity of the Daddy- 
Long-Legs** so the Book Readers Digest condenses the 

The New "York Times referred to it as "a whimsical 
little wisp of a story, as slight as a cobweb, but full of a 
quaint charm and rippling humor that is partly girlish 
spirits and partly a delightful sense of drollery. Miss 
Webster has done a rather difficult thing very cleverly/* 

Jean Webster was born at Fredonia, New York, on July 
24, 1876. She graduated from the Lady Jane Grey School 
of Binghamton in 1 898 and received her A.B. from Vassar 
in 1901. She married Glenn Ford McKinney, lived for 
some time in Italy, later making a trip around the world. 
Her volumes include: When Potty Went to College; The 
Wheat Princess; Jerry }unior; The Four Pools Mystery; 
Much Ado About Peter; Just Patty; Dear Enemy. She 
was also a contributor of short stories to magazines. 

[ 86 ] 


KLBECCA is a quaint and original little child whose 
trite grown-up sayings are a constant source o 
amusement to the reader. She is one of seven children who 
have known nothing but privation and work. Never- 
theless, blessed with an optimistic spirit that stands her 
in good stead, Rebecca glimpses silver linings when others 
see only dark clouds. At the age of ten she leaves home 
to go to live with her mother's two maiden sisters, 
Miranda and Jane, who are to take charge of her and 
send her to school. On the way she meets Mr. Cobb who 
becomes her friend for life, and at school, Emma Jane, 
who softens her hard life with her aunts. 

Rebecca is a brilliant child at her lessons and her 
originality and general maturity arouse the interest of her 
teacher who does all she can to aid her progress. Then 
comes Mr. Adam Ladd, The charming end to the tale, 
the final love story between the two has been so gen- 
erally taken to the reading public's heart that it has be- 
come almost a standard for similar types of romantic 

On September 28,1857, Kate Douglas "Wiggin was born 
in Philadelphia, Pa. Her early days were spent in Hollis, 
Maine, and she attended the Abbott Academy in Andover, 
Massachusetts. In 1876 she made a study of the kinder- 
garten system in Los Angeles, California, and opened the 
first free kindergarten on the Pacific Coast. Prior to that 
she was a teacher in Santa Barbara College. In 1880 she 
organized the California Kindergarten Training School. 

Mrs. Wiggin has written many books about and for 
kindergartens, as well as many stories dealing with the 
life of rural New England; among them the Penelope 
series and Mother Carey's Chickens. 

[ 87 ] 


"Poetry is the expression of earnest thought" 


(Oldest definition Chinese 2300 B.C.) 


/ T 1 HIS collection, of poems represents the work of two 
-^- sisters wlio always created their writings in "un- 
broken companionship." The first time their work was 
compiled and printed in one volume was in 1849. The 
next year the sisters went to New York and met R.uf us 
W. Griswold, "the quasi-dictator of American verse, 
and Horace Greeley." They soon became prominent in 
literary circles. Alice Gary also wrote novels and prose 
sketches as well as verse, while Phoebe is perhaps best 
known for her hymn written in 1852, Nearer Home, 
with the opening line, "One sweetly solemn thought." 

Following the death of these two sisters, the collected 
Poetical Works of Alice and Phoebe Gary were published 
in r 8 86 in Boston. 

Alice Gary, the American poetess, was born near Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, on April 2.6, 1820. In the year 1852 she 
went to New York City with her sister, Phoebe, and 
there they lived the rest of their lives. Through her own 
initiative and energy she received her education. In 1868 
she is recorded to have acted as the first President of the 
pioneer woman's club, Sorosis. She wrote novels and 
The Clovernook Papery but is best remembered by her 

[ 88 ] 

poems appearing in The Lover 9 $ Diary about 1868. Alice 
Gary died in New York City on February 21, 1871. 

Phoebe Gary was both a poet and prose writer. She 
was also born in Cincinnati, on September 4, 1824. She 
passed away in Newport, Rhode Island, on July 31, 1871, 
shortly after her sister's death. 


"DANNY CROSBY, famous as a writer of hymns, also 
* published several volumes of verse. Bells at Evening 
is representative of her fine craftsmanship and poetic feel- 
ing. The National Magazine of 1898 considers her "sec- 
ular pieces" as "showing a quality far above the average 
standard/* The writer further comments, "It is notice- 
able that her religious poems are always cheerful while 
the secular ones are usually of a melancholy and reflective 

Fanny Crosby would have been interesting just for her 
ability to adjust herself to life, even if she had never 
written a word. She was one of those people who start 
life with a handicap and spend life fighting that handi- 
cap. She was born on May 24, 1820, at Southeast, New 
York. At the age of six weeks she became blind from some 
careless application of hot poultices to her eyes during an 
illness. At fifteen she entered the Institute for the Blind 
in New York and remained there from 1847 to 1858, 
to teach English grammar, rhetoric, and Roman and 
American History. She wrote words to many songs for 
George F. Root, the composer. Her first hymn was writ- 
ten for William Bradbury, the beginning of a produc- 
tion which reached six thousand. Among the more famous 
ones are: Safe in the Arms of Jesus; Jesus, Keep Me Near 
the Cross; There's Music in the Air. She wrote The 

Blind Girl and other poems in 1844; Bells at Evening 
in 1898; Memories of Eighty Years in 1906. 


T^HE book is divided in four groups: Wind and Iron; 
-*- Time's Fuel; Sonnets; For Adam. Joseph Auslander 
commented in the Literary Review of the New York 
Evening Post "Miss Deutsch has here made a sweet dis- 
tillation and a rich deposit out of the dark garden of her 
years and her agonies and her exaltations. The honey does 
not come out all 'subwarmed, translucent and golden*; 
it is not for us 'the veritable honey of Hymettus.' It is 
much more a sullen and a savage honey, cellular, stained 
with the struggle; there is rock in it, a swarthy tinge of 
extraction; it is almost bitter, though not quite; it is 
certainly not a Greek, not a pure pagan comb, but a 
Hebrew essence, an urgently Jewish honey, terribly tender 
and mordant and implacable and piteous and solitary, 
and often true." 

Babette Deutsch in this book writes as much to the 
intellect as she does to the heart. So clear is this appeal 
that Mark Van Doren wrote of it in the New York 
Tribune: "I can think of no contemporary book which 
explores so well that corner of the mind where Time sits 
and gnaws at his own thought, where old age threatens, 
where visions come of stricken boughs and flinty skies, 
where in a word the winter of the spirit has its retiring 

Babette Deutsch did not follow the usual trend of 
authors by coming to New York City, but got an early 
start by being born there! She received her B.A. at 
Barnard College the year of 1917 and her literary career 
is said to have begun while still a sophomore, at which 

[ 30 ] 

time one of her first poems was published in the North 
American Review. 

For a time she was assistant to the editor of The 
Political Science Quarterly. Miss Deutsch, with her hus- 
band, has edited and translated three collections of 
foreign verse, Modern Russian Poetry; Contemporary 
German Poetry; Russian Poetry. She is also author of 
Portable Gold; Some Notes on Poetry; This Age; and 
two novels, A Brittle Heaven and In Such a Night. 

She was awarded the golden emblem of honor as Honor 
Poet of Poetry Week, 1933, in New York State. In 1926 
she won The Nation Poetry Prize and three years later 
was Phi Beta Kappa poet at Columbia University, reading 
Time and Spirit, her sonnet sequence, on that occasion. 


TN THIS complete grouping of the poems of Emily 
* Dickinson, one of the major American poets, are 
included the poems published in a series of three previous 
volumes which appeared at various intervals after her 
death, and also from a volume entitled The Single Hound 
published in 1914, with the addition of a few previously 

"Her verse," said Genevieve Taggard, in The Nation, 
"which is to our whang-bang school poor technique, 
accomplishes the most miraculous sound flutmgs; her 
assonance rhyme, like her thought, is a tone that opens 
in the central atom of feeling, outward. Her images, 
magnificent, tempered, utterly her own, make her the 
only genuine Imagist." 

Walter Yust acknowledged that he found in some of 
her hundreds of poems, "a few of the most beautiful, the 
most whimsical and the most illuminating poems I have 
ever read. . . ."' 

Emily Dickinson was born on December 10, 1830, at 
Amherst, Massachussets, her family being of original 
Yorkshire stock. Her education was at Amherst Academy 
and at Mount Holyoke Female Seminary. In 1854 she 
visited Washington and Philadelphia. Later she volun- 
tarily became a recluse and is only known to have left her 
garden on two occasions. The fact that she dwelt so much 
in solitude so many hours and gave her life to her poetry 
undoubtedly accounts for its mystic quality. Her writ- 
ings were concealed and only after her death did her 
sister, Lavinia, discover them. When published in 1890 
they attained immediate recognition. Her method of 
writing has been compared with Emerson's and the in- 
fluence of her thought is strongly felt. 


/COLLECTED POEMS brings together all of Hilda 
**J Doolittle Aldington's verse. Its contents comprise 
the Sea Garden, The God, Choruses, Hymen, and He- 
liodora. As W. C. Williams wrote in the Literary Review, 
"Not before the whole had been printed in a single vol- 
ume was it possible for us to grasp the full significance 
of this work in the world of modern poetry. But the book 
has brought the whole together as a clear story. There is 
an extraordinary vista of a strong rise beginning with 
youth and extending over a long period of a woman's 
growth and blossoming, and further rise from that flower 
into a world beyond it that should be to every American 
a strengthening pride." 

Said Herbert S. Gorman in the New York Times, 
May 10, 1925, "The art of Hilda Doolittle is crystalline. 
Better than any living poet she has captured a Sapphic 
purity of tone, and the delicate and precise images of 
her work are heightened by a clear lyric note.** 

c 9* ] 

As the Irish poet, George Russell, writes under the 
pseudonym of A. E., so Hilda Doolittle's poems are signed, 
by her initials, H. D. She was born September 10, 1886, 
at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, the center of the great steel 
industry. Her father was Professor of Mathematics and 
Astronomy at Lehigh University, located at Bethlehem. 
Later the family moved to Philadelphia where her father 
became Director of the Flower Astronomical Observa- 
tory at the University of Pennsylvania. 

Her early writings were children's stories. Her poems 
were first published in Poetry, and she was soon re- 
garded as a new addition to the Imagist group. In 1916, 
Sea Garden, her first book, was published. She married 
Richard Aldington and like Babette Deutsch, collabo- 
rated with her husband in making translations, in this 
case, of Greek and Latin poets. Among her other volumes 
are Hymen; Heliodora and Other Poems; Palimpsest; 
Hippolytm Temporizes; Hedylus, a novel. 


TT IS in the volume Later Lyrics that we find the 
* world famous Battle Hymn of the Republic, the 
poem which more than all others insured Mrs. Howe's 
place in literary history. 

This beautiful hymn was composed at a camp near 
Washington, D. C., on the night when Mrs. Howe was 
too stirred by the events taking place around her to 
sleep. The lines were scribbled in the dense darkness 
of a tent ? as she was visiting a camp with the party of 
Governor Andrew of Massachusetts. 

Julia Ward Howe's talent was a buoyant and lyrical 
one. Through her poetry, however, one glimpses her 
strength. In its musical lines one can feel her deep re- 

[ 93 ] 

ligious and sweet nature together with her belief in the 
power of man to rise by the force of his spirit. 

Julia Ward Howe was born in New York City, May 
27, 1819. She was a poet, dramatist, and author of note. 
Her work was centered in philanthropic interests and 
especially in woman's suffrage. As wife of Dr. Samuel G. 
Howe, the philanthropist, she edited with him the anti- 
slavery journal known as Commonwealth. She lec- 
tured extensively and was a champion of the cause for 
women's advancement, both in civic and social work. 
She helped organize the American Women's Suffrage 
Association and was President of the New England 
Women's Club in 1872. 

Her works include: The World's Own; Life of Mar- 
garet Fuller; Passion Flower; From the Stinset Ridge, 
Her prose works are Sex and Education; Modern Society; 
Sketches of Representative Women of New York; Remi- 
niscences, an autobiography. 


E title of this volume is that of the first poem 
which brought Edna St. Vincent Millay into promi- 
nence six years before the book was published. To this 
long poem is added two others, Interim and The Siiidde 
together with a number of brief lyrics, and five unnamed 

When the book was published, a review in The 
Bookman said, **. . . All of these poems reveal a gift 
whose potentialities impress themselves constantly upon 
the reader. This is just as it should be. A first book 
should be rich in foretokens. It should hint of some- 
thing beyond its fulfilment, and no one can read Miss 
Millay's volume without recognizing the authentic poet.** 

"Miss Millay's gifts show her supreme and lovely 

[ 94 ] 

simplicity and intensity of substance in the songs and 
lyrics and sonnets of this volume. In these, true lyricism 
of the imperishable tradition expresses itself in her," 
is the comment in the Boston Transcript. 

Rockland, Maine, was the birthplace of Edna St. Vin- 
cent Millay, February 22, 1892. She received an A.B. 
degree from Vassar in 1917. While at college she began 
writing and has actively continued ever since. In 1923 
she married Eugen Jan Boissevain. 

Edna St. Vincent Millay was made the first Poet 
Laureate of the General Federation of Women's Clubs 
in 1933. 

Among her other volumes are: Figs from Thistles; 
Second April; Aria da Capo; The Lamp and the Bell; 
Two Slatterns and a King; The Harp Weaver and Of her 
Poems. The King's Henchman, an opera, was set to music 
by Deems Taylor and presented by the Metropolitan 
Opera Company. Edna St. Vincent Millay won the 
Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1922, and was made the first 
Poet Laureate of the General Federation of Women's 
Clubs, in May, 1933. 


PERHAPS the most timely comment on the poetry of 
Louise Chandler Moulton would be the opinion of 
her distinguished contemporary, Oliver Wendell Holmes. 
In a letter on December 29, 1889, he wrote, "I thank you 
most cordially for sending me your beautiful volume 
of poems. They tell me that they are breathed from a 
woman's heart as plainly as the fragrance of a rose 
reveals its birthplace. I have read nearly all of them a 
statement I would not venture to make of most of the 
volumes I receive, the number of which is legion, and 
I cannot help feeling flattered that the author of such 

[ 95 ] 

impassioned poems should have thought well enough of 
my own productions to honor me with the kind words 
I find on the blank leaf of a little book that seems to 
me to hold leaves torn out of the heart's record." 

The biography which contains the foregoing tribute 
to Louise Chandler Moulton, contains also the following 
comment from The Atbenaeam, "It is not too much 
to say of these poems that they exhibit delicate and rare 
beauty, marked originality and perfection of style. What 
is still better, they impress us with a sense of subtle 
and vivid imagination, and that spontaneous feeling 
which is the essence of lyrical poetry." 

Louise Chandler Moulton, novelist and poet, was born 
at Pomfret, Connecticut, April 10, 1835, the daughter 
of Lucius L. and Louisa R. Clark Chandler. When only 
fifteen years of age she began to contribute to periodi- 
cals, using the name Ellen Louise. She added the last 
name after she married in 1855. 

Her first book was This, That and the Other. In 1873 
and 1874 she published Bed Time Stories. Poems, later 
called Swallow Flights, appeared in 1877. Among her 
other works were Random Rambles; Ourselves and Our 
Neighbors; Miss Eyre from Boston; In the Garden of 
Dreams; Lazy Times in Spain and Elsewhere. 


WITTY, cynical, feminine, penetrating Dorothy 
Parker's book has been called all these things and 
still her work escapes analysis. 

When Death and Taxes was released, the most widely 
differing magazines hailed it for its irony, its real humor, 
its artistry. F. P. A., for instance, found that "More 
certain than either death or taxes is the high and shin- 
ing art of Dorothy Parker. ... In this new collection 

the painful hunger for beauty and the heartbreak of its 
impermanence, the uncompromising idealism, are even 
acuter than in her previous volumes. ... It is her 
saddest and her best book." The Nation commented, 
"Dorothy Parker has again proved herself master of 
ironical humor. . . . Such clever craftsmanship is reason 
enough for admiration, but there is more to be said: 
Mrs. Parker as a light verse writer is actually a better 
poet than many of our very serious composers in meter." 
Her ability seems to be that of mingling the serious 
and the gay in such a way as to pack truth into every 
turn of a line. Some critics, like Percy Hutchison, have 
felt that she should be given a very high place among 
the English minor poets men like Lovelace and Herrick. 

Dorothy Parker was born in West End, New Jersey, 
on August 22, 1893. Her writings are as vital and force- 
ful as the waves which washed the shores of her birth- 
place where the great Atlantic laps the Jersey shore. 
She attended Miss Dana's School in Morristown and the 
Blessed Heart Convent in New York City. She married 
Edwin Bond Parker II, in 1927. 

Dorothy Parker has done a variety of work along 
literary lines. She was for a time dramatic critic for 
Vanity Fair and served on the editorial staff of Vogue 
from 1916 to 1917. She is a frequent contributor to 
magazines. In 1927 Enough Rope became an outstand- 
ing book of the hour and achieved a place among the 
"best sellers," a distinct attainment for verse. She is also 
author of Sunset Sun, a collection of verse. 



THIS was the seventh book by Lizette Woodworth 
Reese and the poems that it includes, according to 
the New York Herald Tribune, are less in the May, 

[ 97 ] 

Lavender and Wild Cherry mood than in her earlier 
ones. "The dead friend and the dead lover, wayside 
lanes, rain, holy day and praise of common things per- 
meate everything she writes." 

As the Literary Review states: "Her songs have al- 
ready won her a multitude of friends and this attrac- 
tive volume should multiply their number, for to know 
her lyrics is to love them. But if to love them is easy, 
to praise them is very hard. The instinct is to hush and 
listen as to the hermit thrush/* 

Genevieve Taggard in the New York Herald Tribune 
said: "I cannot prove at all my feeling that Miss Reese 
is close in kind to Emily Dickinson. But among the 
large number of her readers I think there will be some 
who will catch the likeness at odd moments. Emily 
Dickinson constructed poems like atoms, which, when 
caught under a microscope, prove to be as much uni- 
verse as atom. Miss Reese is not so angular, so bold, so 
tremendous or so exquisite, but she speaks the same 

Lizette Woodworth Reese was born on January 9, 
1856, in Baltimore County, Maryland. Her education 
was in both private and public schools. She was an 
English teacher in the "Western High School of Balti- 
more and retired in 1921. A bronze tablet containing 
her most notable poem, Tears, was erected in the High 
School. Miss Reese is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and 
was made Poet Laureate of Maryland in 1931. 

Miss Reese's poetic gift is that of lyricism. Her verse 
sings itself freshly, strongly, with definite continuity 
and indebtedness to traditional rhythms. She has no faith 
in the impressionistic school for she is never content un- 
less she engraves her lines with the finest microscopic 

Among her many books are the following: A Branch 

of May; A Handful of Lavender; A Quiet Road; Way- 
side Lute; Selected Spicewood; Wild Cherry; Little Hen- 
rietta. She is author of a prose biography, A Victorious 


TWIDDLER'S FAREWELL won for its author the Pu- 
* Htzer Prize for Poetry in 1927. These are proudly 
and exultantly poems written by a woman, "unrestful, 
seeking, demanding something of life more beautiful 
and yet serener. . . . There are lovely sudden things like 
Witch and Hark! Hark! There are mystic, poignant 
things of much sterner stuff, like Ballad of a Lost House, 
and Of Mountains" The chief quality of her work, the 
Bookman sums up, "is the power she has of turning a 
strong mood into searching glamorous verse." 

A fellow-poet, Padriac Colum, in the Literary "Review 
of the New York Evening Post, has said of this particu- 
lar book, "In Fiddler's Hare-well Leonora Speyer has ful- 
filled the expectations that were aroused by her first 
volume . . . she has fulfilled them by striking into a 
vein that has ore for her, by finding more and more 
of the things that her mind can focus on and make 
poetry out of . . . ." 

Leonora Speyer was born in Washington, D. C, No- 
vember 7, 1872. She was educated in public schools and 
first began her career as a violinist, achieving noteworthy 
success on the concert stage. She made her debut with 
the Baton Symphony Orchestra. Later she took up the 
writing of poetry. Mrs. Speyer is now the first woman 
President of the Poetry Society of America. Other books 
are: Canopic Jar, a volume of verse, published in 1921; 
Naked Heel, published in 193 1. Mrs. Speyer was the first 
woman to be made the Honor Poet of Poetry Week, in 

[ 99 ] 

1927, the year of its Inauguration, and also has been 
awarded the Nation Prize, Blindman Prize and a prize 
by the Poetry Society. 


RVERS TO THE SEA gathered in book form all the 
many exquisite fragments which had come from 
the pen of Sara Teasdale during previous years. 

Joyce Kilmer, who enjoyed a reputation as a critic 
as well as a poet, said in the Bookman that it was, 
"Full of poetry more finely wrought than any she has 
written before, and furthermore, it has the virtues of 
variety in form and thought and of a wholesome and 
joyous inspiration." 

"This is her testament," aptly wrote the Boston Tran- 
script, "and the quality of her mood: 1 have heart-fire 
and singing to give, and I can tread on the grass or the 
stars . . / She sings about love so variously better than 
any contemporary American poet that one is uncon- 
sciously let to insist upon the achievement. Not with 
tragic passion, nor with that exotic mysticism which 
has been an importation from abroad; for all her rap- 
tures and 'heart-fire* abandon, this art of hers is puri- 
tanically preserved. . , . Her volume deals with many 
themes, and is full of imaginative and spiritual interests.** 

The late Sara Teasdale was born in St. Louis, Missouri, 
on August 8, 1884. She was educated in private schools 
and began writing at an early age. She married Ernst 
B. Filsinger in 1914.^ 

Sara Teasdale was made Poet Laureate of the Missouri 
State Federation of Women's Clubs in 1932 and also 
Honor Poet of Poetry Week for New York State the 
same year. 

[ 100 ] 

Among her many books o poetry and anthologies 
are: Sonnets to Duse and Other Poems; Helen of Troy 
and Other Poems; Love Songs; Flame and Shadow; Dark 
of the Moon. She was editor of The Answering Voice, 
being composed of 100 Love Lyrics by Women. She 
compiled Rainbow Gold, Poems Old and New, selected 
for Boys and Girls. 


"ODITH THOMAS wrote her Lyrics and Sonnets at a 
* ' time when the competition among women writers 
in this limited field of poetry production was rather 
crowded. She had, however, the kind of freshness and 
grace which assures attention and even in a press which 
was not exactly kind to aspirations of the ordinary 
woman writer, she was able to secure attention and 

The Dictionary of American Biography says: "Her 
poetry was quickly recognized as bearing marks of in- 
spiration. The freshness of expression, the buoyant tone, 
and the exquisite finish of her lines set them in strong 
contrast with those produced by other writers of the 

Edith Matilda Thomas was born on August iz, 1854, 
in Medina County, Ohio, and died in 1925 after a long 
life and a busy one. In 1888 she came to New York and 
liked it so well that she stayed. Her books may not be 
so widely known to the present as to the previous gen- 
eration, but the titles of her works here given will doubt- 
less be familiar to many moderns. New Year's Masque 
and Other Poems came out in 1895; then followed The 
Round Year; Lyrics* and Sonnets; Cassia and Other 
Verse; The Children of Christmas; The Guest at the 
Gate; The Flower from the Ashes. 

[ 101 ] 


THIS volume of poems released after . the death of 
Elinor Wylie, contains her four previously pub- 
lished books: Nets to Catch the Wind; Black Armour; 
Trivial Breath and Angels and Earthly Creatures. Added 
to these is a section of forty-eight poems hitherto un- 
collected in book form although some of them have pre- 
viously appeared in the press. 

To Edna Lou Walton, the reviewer in The Nation, 
"Elinor Wylie stands between the very ripe yellow of 
the so-called 'renaissance' poets in America (poets given 
over to an exuberant exploration of the country itself 
and to a tremendously emotional expression of them- 
selves) Frost of New England; Sandburg and Lindsay, 
of the Middle "West and the rather too cool silver of the 
intellectually dogmatic classicists who hold the field in 
poetry today. Had she never written her last and greatest 
book she would have been one of those poets who turn 
the stream of literature in a new direction. With her 
last book she became in herself, an authentic artist." 

Elinor Holt Wylie, American poet and novelist, was 
born at Rosemont, Pennsylvania, in 1887 and died in 
1928. Her education was received at Bryn Mawr and 
Washington. She married William Rose Benet, the emi- 
nent poet, who wrote the foreword to The Collected 
Poems*. At one time Miss Wylie was associate editor of 
Vanity Fair, 

Her first poems, Nets to Catch the Wind, published in 
1921, won the Julia Ellsworth Ford prize. Black Armour, 
and Trivial Breath, were received with acclaim. Her 
nove began to be published in 1923, when Jennifer Lorn 
was announced followed by The Venetian Glass Nephew; 
The Orphan Angel; Mrs Hodge and Mr. Hazard. Her 
tragic death seemed part of the drama of her life. 

[ 102 ] 


"Man without religion is the creature 
of circumstance." 



h I" 1 HIS book had its inception in an article woven 
*- around some old Sabbath customs as related to the 
author by her grandfather and published in The Youth's 
Companion. The same article, augmented and elabo- 
rated, appeared later in The Atlantic Monthly and finally 
as a book. It had a great deal of the flavor of a forgotten 
time which helped to foster interest in a Colonial .past 
for people who had settled back contentedly to take 
their Colonial backgrounds for granted. 

As the Dictionary of American Biography says: "The 
book was written in an entertaining fashion without 
pedantry or too obtrusive scholarship." 

Alice Morse Earle was born in Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts, April 27, 1853, and lived until 1911. She was 
educated at a local high school and at Dr. Gannett's 
Boarding School in Boston. She married Henry Earle of 
Brooklyn, New York, in 1874. Her life was devoted to 
her literary work and year after year, book after book 
appeared dealing, in the main, with the subject which 
she found nearest to her interests colonial history. 

Her other books include: Customs and Fashions in 
Old New England; Costumes of Colonial Times; Stage 

[ 103 ] 

Coach and Tavern Days and other works dealing with 
the same period. 


"With Key to the Scriptures 


"TjEW manuscripts have had a more remarkable in- 
*" fhience upon American religious history than that 
which finally found its way into print in 1875 under 
the title, Science and Health" writes Allan Johnson 
in the Dictionary of American Biography. 

Reverend Lyman P. Powell, Rector of St. MargaretV 
in-the-Bronx (Episcopal) Church writing in The Living 
Church about Mrs. Eddy and her above-mentioned book 
said, "A woman, who near her threescore years published 
a book, which next to the Bible has become one of the 
most read and best loved books ever written. . . . The 
writing of Science and Health was in itself in the cir- 
cumstances a creative achievement of high signifi- 
cance. . . , Hers was that real discovery which con- 
sists of finding an age-old truth, appropriating it, making 
it work in one's own life, sharing it with others, and 
liberating it for the redemption of the world from sick- 
ness, sin, and death. ... In the preface to Science and 
Health she said, *the Bible was her sole teacher*." 

"Mary Baker Eddy was born in New England, July 
1 6th, 1821; she was reared among deeply religious and 
thoughtful people, and from her earliest days was a 
profound thinker. ... Of Mary Baker Eddy, much has 
been written by both friends and foes; in all cases be- 
cause she is known throughout the world as the Dis- 
coverer and Founder of Christian Science, and the author 
of its text-book, Science and Health with Key to the 
Scriptures. This statement doubtless means to many. 

that Mrs. Eddy has founded a new religion known as 
Christian Science. To those, however, who have proved 
its efficacy in overcoming disease with its attendant 
suffering and fear, Mrs. Eddy's gift to humanity means 
the restoration of the Christ-healing brought to the world 
through Jesus of Nazareth and simply yet impressively 
recorded in the Bible." Annie M. Knott in The Christian 
Science Monitor. 

Other books by Mrs. Eddy include: Miscellaneous 
Writings; The First Church of Christ, Scientist, and 
Miscellany; Manual of The Mother Church; Christ 
and Christmas, (an illustrated poem) ; Unity of Good 
and Other Writings; Christian Healing and Other Writ- 
ings, including The People's Idea of God, Pulpit and 
Press, Christian Science IAS. Pantheism. 



nPHIS book is described as "a study of the first hun- 
-* dred years of the Order of St. Francis of Assissi." 
The history of the order during this period is centered 
in the Franciscan attitude towards property. Betty 
Drury, in the New York Times, states that it "is a 
particularly valuable book. It is scholary and unbiassed, 
and presents a careful picture of mediaeval life and 
thought during the critical years of Franciscanism." 
Miss Scudder's preparation is one of sympathy as 
well as scholarship," wrote W. E. Garrison in the Chris- 
tian Century where he reviewed the book in 1931. "The 
primary problem in connection with this early period 
of Franciscanism is the description, explanation and 
evaluation of the transformation of a brotherhood abso- 
lutely committed to the renunciation of both property 
and scholarship into an order equipped with splendid 
and ornate buildings, ample endowments and the para- 

phernalia and personnel of learning. . . . Never has the 
story of the long straggle which issued in the defeat of 
the Spirituals been told with more fairness to both sides. 
The 'Notes on Franciscan Literature* and especially the 
chapter on that too little known spiritual hero, Jacapone 
de Todi, 'the Fool of God', reveal not only knowledge 
but a deep understanding of the inner life of the Francis- 
can order." 

Vida Scudder was born at Madeira, India, Dec. 15, 
1861, being the daughter of David Coit and Harriet 
Louisa Dutton Scudder. After several years in Europe, 
she entered a private school in Boston and later attended 
lectures at Cambridge, England. She graduated from 
Smith College in 1887. Miss Scudder taught English 
Literature at Wellesley College as well as writing several 
books including: The Life of the Spirit in Modern Eng- 
lish Poets; The Witness of Denial; Social Ideals In English 
Letters and Introduction to the Study of English Litera- 


Philosophy becomes poetry and science 
imagination in the enthusiasm of 




E magazine, Science, wrote: "This work is very 
timely in view of the great expansion in the past few 
years, not only in the observation of the variable stars, 
but more especially in the deductions from their phe- 
nomena. That the book is written from the standpoint 
of the teacher is well evidenced by the care taken to 
explain the fundamental ideas in each chapter. . . ." 

For the layman the comment of The Nation is per- 
tinent: "We have here for the first time, in clear and 
simple form, a sufficiently extended presentation of those 
physical principles which underlie the methods and in- 
struments of investigation, polarized light, analysis of 
spectra, formation of photographic images, and even 
the latest developments in photo-electricity." 

The well-known professor of astronomy, Caroline 
Furness, was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on June 24, 
She attended Vassar, receiving her A.B. degree in 
and later a Ph.D. at Columbia. She began as an assistant 
at Vassar College Observatory, was twice promoted and 
since 1915 has been Alumnae Marie Mitchell professor. 

She has been a special research worker at several ob- 
servatories including the one in Holland. Is a member 
of both the American and British Astronomy Associa- 
tions; also the American Association of University Pro- 
fessors; is a Fellow A.A.A.S. and belongs to other well 
known organizations. Among her books are: Catalog of 
Stan within i of the North Pole; and other astronomi- 
cal works. Within the past few years she has traveled 
around the world visiting oriental scientific institutions 
on the way. 


A REVIEW of this treatise, in Johns Hopkins Hos- 
** pital Bulletin of August 1901, comments, "A study 
of the labyrinth of the medulla by the student of medi- 
cine is ever fraught with uncertainty and misgivings on 
his part. The anatomy is so complex, the details of the 
connections of the cell and nerve fibre are so complicated, 
that the majority shrink from obtaining, from available 
textbook literature, even a superficial insight into its 
structure. Dr. Sabin's model of the 'relay station* of the 
central nervous system, now elucidated by a complete 
commentary, was planned to meet the need for some 
simple, yet reliable method of aiding the student to ob- 
tain a reasonably clear idea of the organ." 

Dr. Florence Rena Sabin was born in 1871. She gradu- 
ated from Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, 
in 1900. In her early days in hospital service she served 
as interne, later joined the anatomical staff, and was pro- 
moted from time to time until in 1917 she was made 
Professor of Histology, being the first woman to attain 
the rank of a full Professor in the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity. She has written many articles for the Johns 

[ 108 ] 

Hopkins Hospital Bulletin which have been put into 
pamphlet form, for example, A Model of the Medulla 
Qblongata. According to the Bulletin **by means of an 
ingenious method skillfully applied, she was able to dis- 
cover the mode of origin and development of the lym- 
phatic vessels of the body. This paper was awarded the 
$1000 prize offered by the Naples Table Association.*' 

Her portrait was given to the Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity on February 23, 1920, at which time Dr. "William H. 
Howell in his speech of presentation spoke of Dr. Sabin 
as one of its "most distinguished graduates and one 
who had contributed much of real worth to the building 
up of the School and to the establishment of its reputa- 
tion as a center of medical research." 


"Nothing is lost on him who $ees 
With an eye that feeling gave; 

For him there's a story in every breeze 
And a picture in every wave" 



JkfEADOW GRASS is described as "Short tales of 
JJr J. ]\j ew England village life, characterized by joyous, 
outdoor spirit and a keen delight for the open air.** 

One realizes that the author is writing on a subject 
with which she is well familiar. She brings to her scenes 
that personal touch that lends charm and continuity to 
the background of the story. New England, where so 
many writers have found their inspiration, finds in Alice 
Brown an interpreter sympathetic to the people and to 
their surroundings. 

These short stories "succeed in conveying a singular 
impression of reality in both place and people" is the 
comment from the Committee of Selection. 

Alice Brown is one of the many women writers whom 
New England seems naturally to have encouraged. 
She was born at Hampton Falls, New Hampshire, De- 
cember 5, 1857, and, like many girls of her time, was 
given as good an education as the century offered. She 
attended Robinson Seminary, Exeter, New Hampshire. 

Her record of production is long and excellent. Best 

[ no ] 

known among her various works are Old Crow; Ellen 
Prior; The Mysteries of Ann, which was published in 
1913 ; "Dear Old Templeton; The Marriage Feast. 


ORE stories of Dr. Lavendar and his parish," com- 
ments the Cleveland Library bulletin and adds, 
"Dr. Lavendar has been described as e one of the few 
living American figures in American fiction.* " 

The contents of this volume constitute a mosaic pic- 
ture of a society with which Margaret Deland was 
familiar. She has an excellent faculty for extracting just 
those characteristics which isolate sections from each 
other and people from sections. She has a further faculty 
for breathing into her creations just the right color, 
the right line, the right tone to make them live. The 
reader is given fascinatingly humorous glimpses of the 
life which an older time left pulsing feebly in Old Ches- 
ter, made familiar with the small secrets and the small 
Intrigues, made to like and respect the individual pains 
and joys of these seemingly ordinary folk. Margaret 
Deland's gift is the sort which preserves vitality long 
after the material which inspired it is exhausted. 

Margaretta Campbell, who wrote under the name of 
Margaret Deland, was born in Pittsburgh when the 
Nineteenth Century was just past its meridian, in Feb- 
ruary 1857. In the Pittsburgh of her day there were 
many things of Interest for a young and perspicacious 
lass to see, but her first works, Old Garden and Other 
Verses; Philip and His Wife; Florida Days; Sidney; and 
The Story of a Child, were all the kind which might 
have been written by one who was woman first and 
observer afterward. 

C "i ] 

Her later works Include The Wisdom of Fools; Dr. 
Lavendafs People; The Rising Tide; New Friends in 
Old Chester. 


TT IS a serious group of stories in this book, one of the 
* best known short story collections. The penchant of 
the author for the dark and staid colors of life's experi- 
ence is felt throughout the pages. She was a close stu- 
dent of her environment, an exact annotator, a precise 
and realistic commentator. And when she drew conclu- 
sions about character and motivation, she was generally 
right In her analysis. 

The stories cluster around the New England village 
which she knew so well. Often she is able to plunge be- 
low the surface of commonplace happenings to a strata 
of pathetic dissimulation. Always she manages to keep 
her characters on the three dimensional plane. Of the 
twenty-four stories included, the one which gives its 
name to the volume as a whole, is often considered the 
most outstanding. 

Mary E. "wllkins Freeman was born In i$6z at Ran- 
dolph, Massachusetts. She is a poet as well as short story 
writer. Among her volumes are A Humble Komance; 
Young Lucretian; Jane Field; Giles Corey; Pembroke; 
Jerome; Silence; The Love of Parson Lord; The Heart's 
Highway; Understudies; Six Trees; The Wind in the 
Rose Bush. 

112 ] 




TT IS a bit queer nowadays to find that as short a time 
-"" ago as 1884, women who wanted to write thought it 
politic to assume masculine names. That is why Mary 
N. Murf ree is known to many as Charles Egbert Crad- 
dock. This assumption of a male disguise often gave a 
woman license to express the virility she brought to her 
contacts with people and things, 

Mary N. Murfree thus attained frankness and full 
expression in the collection of short stories In The 
Tennessee Mountains. Her eight tales are strong in their 
dramatization of the fierce, primitive natures of the 
rugged and uncouth dwellers in the Great Smoky Moun- 
tains. With fidelity and understanding she reproduces 
their rude dialect and their ruder living quarters and 
amusements. The magnificent scenic background, the 
gloomy valleys and the sun-flooded peaks are also fully 

Mary N. Murfree was borjn in 1850 in Murfreesboro, 
Tennessee, and spent her early years there, spending sum- 
mers in the mountains where much of her material for 
her books was collected. She wrote under the pseudonym 
of Charles Egbert Craddock and was thought to be a 
masculine writer for some time. Her first short stories 
were published in 1878 in the Atlantic Monthly. Her 
best known stories are The Prophet of the Great Smoky 
Mountain; Down the Ravine; In The Tennessee Moun- 
tains. She lived between the period of 1850 to 1922. 

[ 3 ] 


fe Not a truth has to art or to science 

been given 
But brows have ached for it, and souls 

foiled and striven" 



THE subtitle of this book is "A Story in American 
Economic History." It deals with the employment 
of women at the time when women workers were new in 
the industrial field. The author uses the subtle method of 
statistic and historical sequence in tracing women's par- 
ticipation in industry up to the present. Interesting is 
the survey explaining and detailing the work of women 
in the past and the kinds of work done. A special section 
takes up the problem of wages for women and the book 
closes with the much discussed topic of "Public Opinion 
and the Working Woman." 

The American Historical "Review in January 1910 
commented, "As an historical study it deserves praise, 
having the high qualities of thoroughness, trustworthi- 
ness and readableness." The American Library Associa- 
tion Booklist observes: "There is no other comprehen- 
sive historical treatment of American conditions." 

On September 26, 1876, Edith Abbott was born in 
Grand Island, Nebraska. She received an A.B. from the 
University of Nebraska and the honorary degree of 

[ "4 ] 

Doctor of Literature in 15? 17. She was a Fellow in political 
economy at the University of Chicago in 1903 to 1905, 
later receiving a Ph.D. She also studied at the University 
of London, England, and received an LL.D. from Beloit 
College in Wisconsin in 1924. She became an instructor in 
Political Science at Wellesley and later Associate Di- 
rector of the Chicago School of Civics. In rapid suc- 
cession she was advanced from a faculty member of the 
University of Chicago through several positions to be- 
come the Dean of the Graduate School of Social Service 

Her works include: Women in Industry; Immigration; 
Historical Aspects of the Immigration Problem; Crime 
and the Foreign Born; and several other books in col- 
laboration with S. P. Breckenridge. 




THE pages of this book take in the period from the 
first Woman's Rights Convention in 1 848 up to the 
passage of the nineteenth amendment in 1920. For many 
years the authors were connected with the work .and their 
ardent labor undoubtedly was a major factor in the 
passage of the bill. The book gives interesting material 
relative to the bearing of American politics upon the 
question in hand; the activities of its opponents which 
caused the delay that made America the twenty-seventh 
country to grant the privilege of the vote to women, 
though being among the first in which it was sought. 
The book clearly outlines the "interests" that attempted 
to block progress in America. 

Woman Suffrage and Politics is a volume which 
history will use as a textbook; laymen read with illu- 

t "5 ] 

initiation and the women of the future praise as an 
authentic record of what women of the nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries left as their legacy. Selected for 
this list of one hundred best books by women as "repre- 
sentative of a great cause and a long fight." 

On January 9, 1859, Carrie Chapman Catt was born 
in Ripon, Wisconsin. She attended the State College of 
Iowa; took a special course in law and was principal of 
the High School and later General Superintendent of 
Schools at Mason City, Iowa. She married Leo Chapman 
who died. She later married George "William Catt. 

Mrs. Catt organized the Iowa Women's Suffrage As- 
sociation. She later became National President of the 
Association and worked for the cause in nearly every 
state, being the leader in the campaign to submit the 
woman suffrage amendment to the Federal Constitution 
which was successfully passed and ratified on August 
26, 1920. 

Nettie Rogers Shuler, lecturer and writer, was born 
in Buffalo, November 8, 1865. Her education was at the 
Buffalo High School, with special training in languages, 
history and art. On March 31, 1887, she married Frank 
J. Shuler. Mrs. Shuler was Corresponding Secretary- 
Treasurer of the National American Woman's Suffrage 
Association. She also served as President of the New 
York State and the New York City Federation of 
Women's Clubs. 




IS book is the record of the life of its author work- 
ing for prison reform. By the time she had reached 
the age of forty-five, she had traveled from Nova Scotia 
to the Gulf of Mexico and had visited eighteen peni- 

c ] 

tentiaries, three hundred county jails and houses of cor- 
rection and well over five hundred almshouses. Because 
of her ardent work, twenty states established asylums 
incorporating her reforms. In 1854 she secured the inter- 
est of Congress to pass a bill granting over twelve mil- 
lion acres of public lands to be used for work to help 
the afflicted* but it was vetoed by President Pierce and for 
a time Miss Dix was greatly disappointed. 

Later, after a brief rest, she again took up her work 
and extended her activities to many foreign countries. 
During the Civil War, she became superintendent of 
women nurses. She served all through the war without 
a day's furlough. Her life-long work exposing the then 
existing evil conditions in prisons brought about radical 
changes for betterment. 

Dorothea Lynde Dix, philanthropist, was born at 
Hampton, Maine, on April 4, 1802. When about thirty- 
eight years old she became interested in the treatment of 
the insane. She studied the asylums in Massachusetts and, 
in 1843, addressed a petition to the State Legislature 
which resulted in improved conditions. She carried her 
interest and labors all over the United States and was 
undoubtedly one of the important pioneers in many 
changes that followed. She extended her studies to Europe 
and contributed substantially to the betterment of con- 
ditions of the insane. She died July 17, 1887 in Trenton, 
New Jersey. 


"PROM The Bookman of March, 1904, one may quote 
* the author's own words relative to her work; "I be- 
lieve, that I am recognized as the pioneer in having dig- 
nified domestic literature, and that this has given me my 
strongest hold upon the great body of American women." 

[ 7 ] 

The Outlook of June 14, 19223 pays tribute to this 
writer and her work in the following passage; "There 
was no American city so great, no crossroads village so 
remote, but that the name of Marion Harland was as 
familiar there as if she had been a President of the United 
States. It is doubtful if any other American woman has 
had a longer career as a writer." 

Marion Harland was the pseudonym for Mary Virginia 
Hawes Terhune, known as the author of several books 
written in the early fifties and sixties of the nineteenth 
century. She was born in Ameila County, Virginia, on 
December ai, 1831. She married Rev. Edward Payson 
Terhune at the age of twenty-five. She was known as a 
domestic economist as well as novelist. Her nimble mind 
and versatile pen reflected both in her writings. Her books 
were considered wholesome and popular reading and her 
style was "vigorous in its portrayal." 

She is also author of Hidden Path} Moss Side; At Last; 
Helen Gardner; True as Steel and other books on such 
varied subjects as cooking, travel, biography and fiction. 


MRS. LIVERMORE'S material for this work con- 
sisted of the letters and papers which she wrote and 
received during the Civil War and which were carefully 
preserved by her husband and fellow-worker, Dr. Liver- 
more. They reveal excellent glimpses of the reaction 
of those whom Mrs. Livermore knew, the conditions 
among the women who were left behind, and the heroism 
of many other women who went to the front. Some 
of the most interesting chapters are those in which the 
author relates all she knew and saw of Abraham Lincoln. 
She had the privilege of long conversations with him at 
various times. The sub-title of the book is, tf A Woman's 

Narrative of Four Years of Personal Experiences" 
A reviewer said of the author in an edition of The 
Spectator in 1889, "Such women vindicate Nature from 
the monstrous theories of those doctors who would have 
us treat the sex as one of preordained invalids . . ." 
Of the appearance of Mrs. Livermore he wrote that "she 
had a very impressive presence, a stately figure and fea- 
tures at once sweet and massive ... a type rather of 
some old Mother-Goddess of Greece than a modern nerv- 
ous and fragile American lady." 

Mary Livermore, the reformer, was born in Boston, 
Massachusetts, December 19, 1820 and was educated 
at the Hancock School in Boston and the Charleston 
Female Academy. She applied for admission to Harvard 
but was refused by President Quincy. Through her liter- 
ary activities, she became well known as a lecturer and 
also a critic, but it was her work in connection with 
sanitation that spread her fame far and wide. She was 
connected with the Sanitary Commission and did notable 
work during the Civil War. She was also in the forefront 
of women's fight for equal rights. 


DOMING OF AGE IN SAMOA, is sub-titled, "A 
^ ^ Psychological Study of Primitive Youth for West- 
ern Civilization." It gives the social life and custom of 
the country. Such an authoritative source as the Ameri- 
can Anthropologist describes the book as: "Dealing with 
problems incomparably subtler than those which usually 
engage the ethnographer's attention, she has not merely 
added much in the way of illuminating information, but 
also illustrated a new method of study that is bound to 
find followers and to yield an even richer harvest." 
According to The Saturday Review: "If this work is 

written in the first instance for the teacher and the psy- 
chologist, there is much in it to attract the general reader; 
the brilliant description of life at the present time forms 
a satisfactory background to the picture of the young 
girl's education," to which might be added the words 
of M. E. Johnson in The Saturday Review of Literature* 
"The essential importance of the book lies in its appli- 
cation of ethnological technique to the study of primitive 
groups. It is important also that the findings have been 
made so interestingly available to the general reader." 

The well-known museum curator and anthropologist, 
Margaret Mead, is a Philadelphian, having been born 
there on December 16, 1901. She received her education 
at Doyleston High School and later at New Hope College 
for Girls. In 1919 she attended DePauw University and 
Barnard College in 1920, also did special work at Col- 
umbia. Her degrees are B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. She is 
married to Reo F. Fortune. 

Her books include An Inquiry into the Cultural Sta- 
bility in Polynesia; Growing up in Neut Guinea; The 
Social Organization of Manua. 


IN HIS preface to this book, Havelock Ellis says that 
"its contents are already familiar ... to the few who 
think, but to the millions and to the handful of superior 
persons whom the millions elect to rule them, they are 
not familiar, yet it is a matter of vital importance to the 
race that they should be." The reason why is clearly set 
forth in the book. Among the chapters are; Woman's 
Error and Her Debt; Woman's Struggle for Freedom; 
The Material of the New Race. The Nation, observes it 
is a "Calm, temperate, informed, sound and winning 
book." The Survey of February 12, 1921, stated; "While 

C o ] 

Mrs. Sanger's book contains nothing new to students of 
the subject, it is an excellent summary of the argu- 
ments for voluntary motherhood." 

The work of Margaret Sanger is that of a pioneer in 
focussing attention on the cause she was advancing. 
The author has literally fought for her cause, even to 
the extent of suffering prison bars during the early days 
of her street-corner campaigning. 

This book is "an important contribution to the welfare 
of women everywhere," comments one of the judges. 

Margaret Sanger was born in Corning, New York, on 
September 14, 1883, and was educated at Corning and 
Claverock College at Hudson, New York. She attended 
the Nurses Training School of White Hospital and took 
post graduate work at the School of Manhattan Eye and 
Ear Hospital. She married William Sanger of New York 
City in 1900 and later J. Noah H. Slee in 1922. Mrs. 
Sanger is editor of the Birth Control Review, also pub- 
lisher and editor of The Woman Rebel. Among her books 
are: What Every Girl Should Know; What Every Mother 
Should Know; The Pivot of Civilization; Woman and the 
New Race. She organized the first World Population 
Conference, held in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1927. 


"The use of travelling is to regulate im- 
maginatlon by reality, and, instead of 
thinking how things may be, to see 
them as they are" 



HpHIS is an account of the Akeley-Eastman-Pomeroy 
-* Expedition for the American Museum of Natural 
History written by the leader's wife, Mary Akeley, who 
accompanied the expedition. The Christian Century stated 
that "no man could have a nobler monument than such 
a book, which is not only a tribute of affection, but a 
manifestation of intelligent sympathy with his pur-* 
pose." The book tells of many incidents and experiences 
of the expedition and is an excellent companion book to 
those written by Carl Akeley himself. 

Carl Akeley was the first person to bring back the 
hides of the animals he had chosen as specimens for the 
museum and actually make a sculpture base of the 
animal, true to life, over which the large skin was later 
applied, to be a permanent structure. In this way, the 
contour of the body, the size of the animal and all the 
original outlines were true to its living form. This 
was a new kind of taxidermy and made Carl Akeley 
known as a great sculptor as well as scientist. Some of 
his work in bronze is now on exhibit in the Museum of 
Natural History in New York where he was associated 
for many years prior to his death. 

c i i 

Mary L. Jobe Akeley, was born January 29, 1886, and 
is an author and explorer herself. She received her Ph.D. 
degree from Scio College in 1905 and was also a student 
in Bryn Mawr. Mount Union College honored her with 
the Doctorate of Literature. She married Carl Akeley in 
1924. Prior to that time she had been a teacher of Ameri- 
can History in Hunter College and was the founder and 
owner of Camp Mystic. She has been a member of ex- 
ploring parties in Canada and Africa. She is a member 
of many honorary societies and author of Adventure in 
the African Jungle; Gorillas and their Neighbors. 


TN THIS book Katherine Lee Bates gives a vivacious 
-^- account of a tour along the regular routes, the only 
"Byway** being a trip through the Basque provinces. 
The author's impression of the Spaniard is sprightly, 
graphic and clever. 

A review of the book which appeared in The Did 
of 1901 reads: "The book contains a pleasant chapter on 
the gypsies and one of some length on the Choral games 
of Spanish children, a disquisition which should be of 
interest to the paedologist. . . . The author visited the 
Falaise Fair in a char-a-banc, and in brisk style she nar- 
rates the scenes there witnessed." 

Miss Bates carried with her the qualities which make 
a good traveler always. She was eager, objectively alert. 
She never demanded of her surroundings anything they 
did not have to give. The result is a travel book of rare 
charm and grace. 

At Falmouth, Massachusetts, on August 12, 1859, 
Katherine Lee Bates was born. She was educated in the 
grammar school there and the High School at Wellesley, 

[ "3 ] 

graduating from Wellesley College in 1880. After study- 
ing and teaching elsewhere, she was appointed in 1890 as 
Professor of English literature at "Wellesley. She con- 
tributed to many magazines. Her works include English 
Religions Drama and American Literature. 


KING gives "in her New Orleans, the 
place and the People, the most vivid portrayal of 
what might be called the personality of the old city. 
It is something more than a history, for it adds to the 
historian's fidelity to fact, the novelist's sense of life and 
the poet's feeling for romance," comments Albert Phelps 
in The Library of Southern Literature. 

"To the people of New Orleans, she became a symbol 
of their culture, the best representative of their city's 
charm and hospitality. Her literary work received com- 
mendation for its sincerity, its sensitive observation and 
a quality of style, more French than English, which 
was at once an expression of personality and appropriate 
to the matters described," aptly stated the Dictionary of 
American Biography. 

Grace Elizabeth King, author, was born on November 
29, 1852, in New Orleans, and was educated in that 
city. "After the age of governesses and the home in- 
struction of the four war years passed on a plantation, 
she attended the old French Institute St. Louis described 
in her Monsieur Motte. She became the pupil of Miss 
Heloise Cenas and attributed much of her success to her 
instruction. She could speak French, German and Span- 
ish as fluently as English," records the Dictionary of 
American Biography. 

She has contributed to many magazines, was active 

[ 124 ] 

in many cultural and philanthropic organizations, served 
as secretary of the Louisiana Historical Society and was 
made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and Letters 
in 1913. 

Her works include The Tales of Time and Place; Jean 
Baptiste Lemoine; founder of New Orleans; Balcony 
Stories; History of Louisiana; Creole Families of New 
Orleans; Memoirs of a Southern Lady of Letters. 


**\Jf RS. PARKER takes her two sons, eleven and thir- 
-LVX. teenj an( j Uttle daughter aged five, to Europe. The 
first part of the book describes her stay in an old Kloster 
in Stein-am-Rhein while the boys were at school, but 
the greater part of the book is devoted to descriptions 
of the holiday trips with them, mostly with rucksacks 
oa backs, traveling in all manner of conveyances in 
'Parker style* through Germany, Switzerland, Austria, 
Italy, ending with a trip to Spain, for once in real tourist 
elegance under the guidance of Cook's . . /* summarizes 
The Book Review Digest. 

Ports and Happy Places is more than just a descrip- 
tion of travel. It is full of Mrs. Parker's theories of 
bringing up her children. She has, as Raymond Holden 
wrote in The New Republic, ". . , gusto, forbearance 
and resolution. Her book is something more than a de- 
lightful personal record. It is a document of exploration 
in regions which still for all their ruin and their shroud of 
history have something to yield to a brilliant young 
American and her brood. One feels that the youthful 
Parkers will be worth watching." 

Cornelia Stratton Parker, the author, was born in 
Oakland, California, on September i, 1885. She studied 
at the University of Washington and the New School of 

C "5 ] 

Social Research in New York City. She married Carleton 
H. Parker of California in 1907. 

She has served as Assistant in the Department of 
Economics of the University of California and has gained 
much experience through working in factories. She 
lived and lectured in Geneva, Switzerland, for several 
years* She is author of An American Idyll; Working with 
the Working Woman; Ports and Happy Places; More 
Ports and More Happy Places; Watching Europe Grow; 
English Summer; and was editor of The Casual Laborer. 


A WOMAN TENDERFOOT in Egypt is the author's 
impression of Egypt based on a trip through that 
expansive country. It combined exploration with serious 
sociological study, a contrast of the women of the coun- 
try and of the modern feminist movement there. It tells 
of the outstanding women leaders of Egypt and their 
efforts toward advancement, seeking political as well as 
social freedom through their organizations known as 
"La Femme Nouvelle" and the "Ladies' Waf d." 

Grace Thompson Seton has the rare faculty of vivid 
portrayal as she literally takes the reader with her into 
the fascinating episodes and thrilling experiences of 
her explorations. From one corner of the globe to the 
opposite, Mrs. Seton's agile pen, keen eye and sparkling 
wit, carries her readers. 

Sacramento, California, was the birthplace of Grace 
Thompson Seton, the eminent author, poet, lecturer and 
explorer. She began newspaper work in Paris in 1894 
and married Ernest Thompson Seton, the naturalist, on 
June i, 1896. Mrs. Seton has been a frequent contributor 
to magazines and newspapers. She has served as leader 
of many prominent organizations, held the Presidency 

[ "6 ] 

of the Pen and Brush Club for nearly fifteen years, 
was President of the National League of American Pen 
Women twice, chief pioneer of the Girl Pioneers and 
was active in Woman's Suffrage work. She organized 
and directed the Woman's Motor Unit of Le Bien-etre 
du Blesse, Woman's City Club in France, for which 
she was decorated by the French government. She was 
active in the Liberty Loan campaigns and was Con- 
necticut Chairman of the Anna Howard Shaw Memorial. 
She is a member of the Authors* League of America. 
Her books include: A Woman Tenderfoot in the Rockies; 
Nimrod's Wife; Chinese Lanterns; Magic Waters; and 
Yes, Ijidy Saheb, which won the First Prize of the 
National League of American Pen Women. She has 
also written several books in collaboration with her 


TT IS inevitable that Nora Wain's book should be com- 
* pared to Pearl Buck's work, but hers, "in contrast to 
the picture the Missionary's daughter gives us of the 
peasantry of China, is a convincing view of life among a 
family whose name for generations has been built into 
their people's history, who for centuries have been cos- 
mopolitans, whose background is beauty and dignity," 
writes Mary Ross in Books. 

The story tells of the experiences of a daughter of 
a Quaker family of Philadelphia in the home of a Chi- 
nese family of high rank. She was taken in by her Chi- 
nese friends as a daughter in the House, She saw all the 
routine, the ritual, the beauty of its ordered existence. 

As J. Donald Adams comments in the New York 
Times Book Review of April 23, 1933, "Not often does 
life bring to anyone of us experiences comparable to 
those which have filled the last twelve years in the life 

[ "7 ] 

of Nora Wain. And when that person whose lot has 
been cast in such unusual circumstances has been 
equipped with a remarkable sensitivity to new impres- 
sions and the ability to marshal them into words which 
will convey to others a vivid sense of personal participa- 
tion, the result may be a book like The Home of Exile/' 

Nora Wain was born in the latter part of the nine- 
teenth century. As she comments in her book, "My own 
interests in China began in 1904. 1 was then in my ninth 
year." Her people had traded with a Chinese family for 
generations. It was a letter written on June 19, 1804, by 
J. S. Wain that made his descendant, Nora Wain, five 
generations later, welcome to the 650-year old Lin House 
in China, where she went to live in the House of Exile. 
The letter was treasured by the Lin who for years en- 
deavored to locate a member of the Wain family, and 
not until a member of the Chinese family recalled that 
they were Quakers was Nora Wain located at Swarth- 
more. And so, in 1920, she went to China where she 
lived for two years absorbing material from which she 
wrote her book. 

She married an Englishman in the Chinese government 
service and has lived in China most of the time since. 

ft lt would be well for us all, old 
and young> to remember that our 
words and actions, ay, and our 
thoughts also, are set upon never- 
stopping wheels, rolling on and on 
unto the pathway of eternity. 9 '