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Full text of "One hundred early American paintings"

*nia 



[BRARY 



THE UNIVERSITY 



OF CAI [FORNIA 



LOS ANGELES 






//. /f/f 




LOUIS R. EHRICH 

1849-191 1 



ONE HUNDRED EARLY 

American ^Pain tings 

I 



Published by 

THE EHRICH GALLERIES 

NEW YORK 

1918 



107 



1 o the memory of our father, J^ouis 7^. Ehrich, 

Yale, 1869, founder of T/ie hrich (galleries, our 

inspiration and guide, and one of the first to seri- 

ously interest himself in Carly American 'Paintings, 

we dedicate this volume. 



7206S2 



Introduction 

W E are publishing this book of One Hundred Early 
American Paintings, which have at various times been 
in our possession, as a contribution to the critical study 
of American Colonial painting. 

The Ehrich Galleries was founded with the intention 
of dealing exclusively in paintings by masters of the 
Continental Schools who flourished before 1800. We 
soon realized that among the Early American painters 
of this period there were some who measured up to the 
best of their European contemporaries. Desirous of 
stimulating an interest in them, we held our first exhi- 
bition of Early American Portraits in 1905. Since that 
time there has been a gradual increase in the apprecia- 
tion of the works of these artists and today their paint- 
ings are in demand not only by the museums but by 
many private collectors. We believe that the collecting 
of such paintings by museums has but just begun and 
we hope that this book will encourage them to form 
chronological collections. 

Many of the more important examples of Early 
American paintings which have at various times been 
in our possession are illustrated in this book. Most of 
the names will be familiar to any student of American 
art but there are some that we believe are practically 
unknown. Few comprehensive books have been pub- 
lished about these painters and it is often difficult to 
ascertain the dates of their birth and death. This has 
induced us to include a list of artists who flourished 



from the middle of the i8th to the middle of the igth 
century, with their dates when determinable. 

If through this booklet the interest in Early Ameri- 
can painters is increased but a little, our labor will not 
have been in vain. 

H. L. and W. L. EHRICH. 



ONE HUNDRED EARLY AMERICAN PAINTINGS 



Francis Alexander 

L>ORN in Connecticut in 1800, presumed to have died 
in Italy in 1880. He began painting in water-color at the 
age of eighteen and in 1818 he went to New York and 
studied under Alexander Robertson. Later he went to 
Providence where he worked for a few months before open- 
ing a studio in Boston. In the latter city he had a great 
many sitters, the most famous being Daniel Webster, of 
whom he painted several excellent portraits. In 1831 he 
visited Europe, finally settling in Florence where he re- 
mained until his death. 



Francis 




BENJAMIN R. CURTIS, ESQ. 
On canvas: 33% * 26 inches 



Szra 

/\N American portrait painter of the late i8th and 
early I9th Centuries. Little is known of his life excepting 
that he commenced work as a coach-painter in Albany. 
Later he turned his attention to portrait painting and gained 
recognition in 1812 by exhibiting a portrait of Governor 
George Clinton at the Pennsylvania Academy. For many 
years after this he practiced his art in Albany and Western 
New York, painting most of the New York legislators. 




GOVERNOR GEORGE CLINTON. Bom in Little Britain, Uls- 
ter Co., N. Y., July 26, /7jp; died in Washington, D. C., April 20, 1812 
On canvas: 51 x 41 inches 
In a private collection 



Joseph Alexan 

IJoRx in Roxbury, N. H., in 1816; died in New York 
City, October, 1872. A pupil of Washington AUston. 
Though painting landscapes and genre pictures, he devoted 
his talents principally to portraits. In 1848 he went to 
Rome, where he painted a life-size portrait of Pope Pius 
IX. On his return to this country, Ames lived in Boston 
but later worked in Baltimore, finally settling in New 
York, where he was elected an associate member of the 
National Academy of Design. 



Joseph Alexan 




DANIEL WEBSTER. Born January 8, 1782; died October 24, 1852. 

Statesman and orator 

On canvas: jo x 25 inches 

In a private collection 




GEORGE SOUTHWARD, ESQ. Pupil of Thomas Sully 

Signed 

On panel: 30% x 24% inches 



Henry ^Benbrhlge 

IJoRx in Philadelphia, May 20, 1744; died February, 
1812. He must have gone to Italy before 1768, where he 
studied with Battoni and Raphael Mengs, for in that year 
he journeyed to Corsica where he painted a whole length 
portrait of General Paoli which he exhibited at the Free 
Society of Artists in London in 1769. A year later he ex- 
hibited two paintings at the Royal Academy Exhibition, 
one of them being a portrait of Benjamin Franklin. In 
1774 he returned to America and settled in South Carolina 
where he painted many portraits. In 1799 Thomas Sully 
met Benbridge in Norfolk,Va. Benbridge persuaded Sully 
to attempt oil painting, and gave him considerable in- 
struction. Dunlap speaks of Benbridge's returning to 
Philadelphia, after having spent many years painting 
successfully in the Carolinas and Virginia, to die in obscu- 
rity and poverty. 



16 



Henry "Benbridge 




PORTRAIT OF A MAN 

On canvas: JO x 25 inches 
In a private collection 



yonathan . ^Blackburn 

JJORN in Connecticut about 1700, died after 1765. 
He came to Boston in 1750 and worked there about fifteen 
years, hence nearly contemporary with John Smibert. He 
also executed several notable portraits in Portsmouth, N. 
H., and other New England towns. In writing of Black- 
burn, Tuckerman states that the "grace of his female 
heads and the beauty of the hands are remarkable." It 
is said that Copley was a pupil or imitator of Blackburn; 
there is certainly a great similarity between Blackburn's 
portraits and the earlier works of Copley. Practically 
nothing else is known of Blackburn's life. His pictures are 
just beginning to be valued for their intrinsic and historical 
worth. 



18 



yonathan 3. Blackburn 




COLONEL THEODORE ATKINSON. Born 1697; died 1779. 
Graduated from Harvard in 1718. Colonel of the nt New Hampshire Regi- 
ment and saw active service against the French and Indians. The richest man 
in New Hampshire. Was collector of Customs , Naval Officer, Sheriff and Sec- 
retary of the Province, delegate to the Congress at Albany and Chief Justice. 
Married daughter of ist Governor Wentworth, Had one son, Theodore Jr. 
From direct descendants 
Signed and dated 1760 
On canvas: 50 x 40 inches 
In the Worcester Art Museum 

19 



"Brown 



1 



HE exact date of Mather Brown's birth is unknown, 
but Dunlap says he must have been born in Massachusetts 
about 1763. He died in London on January I, 1831. Just 
before the Revolution, his father, who was a Royalist, is 
supposed to have taken him to London. Brown received 
some instruction under West and is said to have been a play- 
mate of the sons of both West and Copley. He was never 
a great painter, but he executed some very acceptable por- 
traits and figure pieces. He was appointed portrait painter 
to his Royal Highness, the Duke of York, and was patron- 
ized by King George III, Queen Charlotte, as well as the 
Prince of Wales. Some of his portraits were painted very 
much in the manner of West, whereas others resemble 
Gilbert Stuart so much that they have been at times at- 
tributed to the greater master. Brown has been called an 
English painter, but due to his birth in the United States 
of American parentage, he should really be classed among 
painters of the American School, especially as he studied 
under and followed the tradition of his more famous 
American contemporaries who were in London. 



20 




GEORGE III., KING OF ENGLAND. Born June 4, /,- iS; died 
"January 29, 1820 
Signed and dated i~yo 
On canvas: 99 x ~2 inches 



:i 



"Brown 




PORTRAIT OF A MAN 
Signed "M. Brown" 
On canvas: JO x 25 inches 
In a private collection 



^Dennis ^Calone (Barter 



in Cork County, Ireland, October 24, 1827, 
died in New York City, July 7, 1881. He accompanied 
his parents to America in 1839. His first work was paint- 
ing portraits and he traveled much through the country in 
the pursuit of his profession. He later settled in New York 
City and painted historical pictures. He was one of the 
original members of the Artists' Fund Society, founded in 
1859. 



'Dennis ^Calone farter 




"WASHINGTON'S RECEPTION" to Alexander Hamilton after 
his marriage to the daughter of General Schuyler 
On canvas: 24 x 37 inches 



John Singleton C 

DORN in Boston, Mass., July 3, 1737, died in London, 
September 9th, 1815. His first instruction was probably 
received from his step-father, Peter Pelham, painter and 
engraver. He also is supposed to have studied for a short 
time with Jonathan Blackburn. He very early evinced 
considerable talent but it was impossible to get adequate 
instruction in Boston. In 1760 he sent a painting to Ben- 
jamin West in England, which received such favorable 
criticism that in 1767 Copley was elected a Fellow of the 
Society of Artists of Great Britain. In 1769 he married 
Susannah Clarke. He lived in Boston the first years of 
his married life, painting portraits, but finally, in 1774, 
sailed for England by way of Italy, where he spent a year 
before settling down in London. Later his wife and family 
joined him and made London their permanent home. Cop- 
ley was patronized by royalty and met with uninterrupted 
success until his death. In 1777 he was elected an Associate 
and in 1779 a full member of the Royal Academy. There 
has been a good deal of uncertainty about the pictures 
painted by Copley in America and a good many portraits 
have been assigned to his brush, which are no doubt by 
other painters. To mention only a few of those who have 
been confused with Copley, there is Henry Benbridge, 
Jeremiah Theus, and the recently discovered John Woolas- 
ton. 



> 
26 



John Singleton 




BARON NEWHAVEN of Carrie k Mayne. The Right Honorable Sir 
Henry Mayne, Bt. of Carrick Mayne, County Dublin, teas born in 1722; 
died in 1794. From 1760 to 1764 he was a Member of Parliament for Carys- 
fort and in 1766 was made Privy Counsellor. Ten years later he was created 
Baron Newhaven of Carrick Mayne 
On canvas: 36 x 28 inches 



John Singleton 




MRS. MARGARET STAMMER S HE ARE R, and her little daugh- 
ter, afterwards Mrs. Charles Wat ten. Wife of Dr. Alexander Shearer 
From descendants 
On canvas: 39Y* x jo inches 
In a private collection 



John Singleton C 




DR. ALEXANDER SHEARER 

From direct descendants 

On canvas: 39^2 x JO inches 

In a private collection 



29 



"Daniel ^Dickinson 

OORN in Litchfield County, Connecticut, in 1795. In 
a letter written to Dunlap he speaks of never having taken 
any lessons and having studied principally from "drawing 
and other books." He commenced painting miniatures, 
adopting a style influenced by his brother, Anson Dick- 
inson, Malbone and Joseph Wood. Although employed 
mainly in painting miniatures, he spent his leisure time in 
painting fancy pictures, illustrating "female beauty and 
grace." It was not until 1830 that he commenced to study 
and paint in oils. At that period he was in Philadelphia 
and remained there most of his later years. 



TDaniel 'Dickinson 




PORTRAIT OF A GIRL 

Signed 

On canvas: 20 x 16 inches 



W^illiam 

JjORN in Perth Amboy, N. J., February 19, 1766, 
died in New York City, September 28, 1839. At an early 
age he began painting portraits and was fortunate in hav- 
ing a sitting from General Washington in 1783. The result 
was naturally not very noteworthy, but it encouraged 
Dunlap, and shortly afterwards his father was persuaded 
to send him to London, where he studied under West. 
Dunlap, being rather lazy, is supposed to have wasted his 
time while abroad, so that his father finally demanded his 
return to America where he entered into business. He then 
spent a long life in alternately painting portraits, managing 
a theatre, and writing books. His place in American Art is 
really due to the publication of his "History of the Arts 
of Design in the United States." This book is most useful 
to any student of Early American Art, and Dunlap has 
been well called, "the American Vasari." He helped found 
the American Academy of Fine Arts in 1826 which was the 
forerunner of the National Academy of Design. He wrote 
and produced a number of plays and exerted a great in- 
fluence on the early American stage. 



William T)unlap 




PORTRAIT OF A LADY 
On canvas: JO x 2$ inches 
In the Worcester Art Museum 



33 



William *Dunlap 




SCENE representing an Episode from the Dramatization of "The Spy" 
by "James Fenimore Cooper. Dramatic Personae: Frances and Sarah Whar- 
ton, Caesar (the negro) Harry Wharton, Capt. Lawton, Katey Haynes and 
Mr. Wharton, Sr. The original cast was represented as follows: Ellen 
Augusta Johnson (afterwards Mrs. Ellen Hi/son) Miss Jones, Jacob Wood- 
hull or Hull, John Kent and Mrs. Batter shy. It is believed the artist's father 
played the part of Mr. Wharton 
Signed 1823 
On canvas: 27 x 22 inches 

35 



'Durand 

IJORN in Jefferson, N. J., August 21, 1796, died in 
South Orange, N. J., August 17, 1886. His first instruction 
in art was in the workshop of his father, a jeweler, where 
Durand engraved the initials on silverware. He then took 
up engraving, and making a considerable success of it, was 
apprenticed to Peter Maverick, an engraver in New York 
City. Five years later he was given a partnership in his 
master's business. He achieved considerable distinction 
through his engravings made from paintings by the best 
artists of the day. Being dissatisfied with engraving, he 
gradually took up painting and in 1835 devoted him- 
self to portraits and landscapes. He painted a number of 
excellent portraits, but finally devoted himself exclusively 
to landscapes. Durand has been called the "Father of 
American Landscape Painting." He was one of the found- 
ers of the New York Academy of Design in 1 826 and was its 
President from 1845 to 1861. In 1840 he made his first trip 
to Europe, studying the principal galleries and copying 
the paintings of the greatest masters, especially Titian and 
Rembrandt. He worked diligently, painting until 1879, 
when he was in his eighty-third year. 




THOMAS COLF.. Earn in England, February /, i8or, died near Cats- 
kill, X. Y., February //, 1848. One of the best American landscape painters. 
From direct descendants 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 
In the Museum of Natural History and Art at Pittsfield, Mass. 



37 



arl 

IJoRN in Worcester County, Mass., May 11, 1751, 
died in Connecticut in 1801. Nothing definite is known 
about Earl before 1774, when Dunlap records his having 
painted portraits and living in New Haven. In that year 
he also married his first wife by whom he had two children. 
In 1779 he deserted them and went to England. Here he 
studied with West and probably with Reynolds, and ex- 
hibited at the Royal Academy. While in England he 
married again and had two children, one of whom Ralph 
E. W. Earle, became a portrait painter. Earl stayed in 
England some twelve years, returning to America about 
1790. After his arrival in this country, he worked prin- 
cipally in New York, Connecticut and Massachusetts, 
painting many excellent portraits. The work of his son, 
Ralph E. W. Earle, who also occasionally signed himself, 
"Ralph Earle" has sometimes been mistaken for that of his 
father, though he was a much inferior painter. Nearly all 
of Earl's pictures are signed, "Ralph Earl." The son some- 
times signed "Earle" and for that reason there has been 
some confusion as to the correct way of spelling the name. 
There is no doubt that the family name was originally 
"Earl." 



T^glph 8ar I 




LADY WILLIAMS AND CHILD 

On canvas: 50% x 40 inches 

In the Metropolitan Museum of Art 



39 




THOMAS BARROW, ESQ. Painted at the age of 50 years. Dated: 
"New York, May 5, 1786" 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



John Sckstein 

1 HIS artist was working as a sculptor, painter and 
engraver, etc., in Potsdam, Germany, in 1772. He ex- 
hibited an equestrian statue of Frederick II of Germany in 
an exhibition of the Berlin Academy in 1776. He must 
have come to America shortly after this, for he was work- 
ing in Philadelphia between the years of 1796 and 1822. 
Sully says he was a man who could "do a picture in still 
life, history, landscape, portrait; he could model, cut a 
head in marble or anything you please." He also speaks 
of him as working in Philadelphia in 1800 and that he was 
then an old man. 



John Sckstein 




RICHARD WEBSTER, ESQ 

Signed and dated, "John Eckstein, 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



43 



Jacob Eichholtz 

JJoRN in Lancaster, Pa., 1776, died in Philadelphia, 
1842. As Eichholtz's parents were in very moderate cir- 
cumstances, they found it impossible to give their son an 
art education even though he evinced considerable taste 
for art at an early age. His first instruction was received 
from a sign painter, but this was very unsatisfactory and 
only lasted for a short time. Eichholtz was then apprenticed 
to a coppersmith and for a number of years supported 
himself by this trade. Finally, in 1809 when Sully visited 
Lancaster, Eichholtz offered him the use of his painting 
room, which Sully accepted, in return presenting Eichholtz 
with some of his discarded brushes. From that time on he 
divided his time between painting and coppersmithing. 
Later, he was persuaded to visit Boston, where he received 
some instruction from Stuart. This induced him to devote 
himself entirely to portrait-painting, which art he practiced 
until his death, painting portraits for most of the promi- 
nent families in Lancaster County. 



Sichholtz 




MR. VAN DYKE 

On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



45 



Jacob Sichholtz 




MRS. LYDIA VAN DYKE 

On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



47 



Charles J^oring Slliott 

DORX in Scipio, N. Y., in December, 1812, died in 
Albany, September 25, 1868. While working as clerk in ;i 
store in Syracuse he devoted his leisure hours to practicing 
drawing and painting, finally coming to New York City in 
1834 where he studied for a while with Trumbull and later 
with John Quidor, from whom he no doubt acquired his 
taste for rich color. He spent most of his time painting in 
New York City, although he made various trips to the 
Northern and Western part of the state to paint portraits. 
In 1835 ne was elected Associate of the National Academy 
and an Academician in 1846. Elliott is said to have painted 
more than 700 portraits of his contemporaries and during 
his later years he was unquestionably the finest portrait 
painter in America. 



4 8 



Charles tyring Slliott 




SELF PORTRAIT. From a descendant of Mr. Twichell, who was a 
close friend and pupil of Elliott 
On canvas: 27 x 22 inches 



49 



Frothingham 



N in Charlestown, Mass., in 1786, died there on 
January 6, 1864. His first painting was done in connection 
with the coach bodies built by his father. He had very 
meagre instruction in painting until about 1810, when he 
was the pupil of Stuart. Frothingham was quite busy for a 
time in Salem and Boston but was forced to move to New 
York City in 1826, where he spent most of the time until 
his death. Stuart is supposed to have said concerning por- 
traits by Frothingham: "There is no man in Boston but 
myself who can paint so good a head," and later, "except- 
ing myself, there is no man in the United States who can 
paint a better head than that." It is quite likely that many 
portraits by Frothingham are attributed to other masters, 
among them possibly Stuart, which no doubt accounts for 
the lack of appreciation Frothingham has received to date. 



James Frothingham 




MASTER SAMUEL BARBER CLARK. Born July 14, 1799; died 
October 25, 1812. Son of Samuel and Esther Low Clark 
Painted in 1811 



Barnes Frothingham 




MRS. ELIZABETH BROOKS. Wife of Jonathan Brooks. Painted 

September, 1823 at the age of fifty -five years 

From descendants 

On canvas: 26 x 21% inches 

In the Worcester Art Museum 



James Frothingham 




JONATHAN BROOKS, ESQ. Painted October, 1823, when Mr. 

Brooks was fifty-eight years of age 

From descendants 

On canvas: 26 x 21% inches 

In the Worcester Art Museum 



53 



James Frothingham 




WILLIAM GODDARD, ESQ. Born in New London, Conn,, 1740; died 
in Providence, R. I., December 23, 18/7. He established the first printing- 
press at Providence. Later he removed to Philadelphia and then to Balti- 
more, where he published the "Maryland Journal" 
On canvas: 24 x 20 inches 



54 



^Daniel Huntingdon 

OORN in New York on October 14, 1816, and tiled 
there in 1906. While studying at Hamilton College, he 
made the acquaintance of Charles L. Elliott who first 
stimulated his love for art. In 1835 he studied with Samuel 
F. B. Morse, who was at that time president of the Na- 
tional Academy of Design, and later with Henry Inman. 
In 1839, he went to Europe and spent some time in Rome. 
On his return to New York he practiced the art of portrait 
painting and commenced to illustrate "Pilgrims Progress." 
Due to the failure of his eyesight, however, he had to give 
this up and in 1844 returned to Europe where he re- 
mained for two years. On his return to New York he de- 
voted himself chiefly to the painting of portraits, although 
he also painted a great many genre pictures. He painted 
most of the prominent men of his day, his most famous 
sitter being President Lincoln. He was elected an Associate 
of the American Academy in 1 839, an Academician in 1 840, 
and President of the National Academy in 1862, holding 
the office until 1869. He was re-elected in 1877 and held 
office until 1891. 



''Daniel Huntington 




PORTRAIT OF A LADY 

Signed 

On canvas: 34 x 2~ inches 



57 



'Daniel Huntington 




ALBERT GALLATIN, ESQ. Born in Geneva, Switzerland, Jan- 
uary 29, 1761; died in Astoria, L. /., August 12, 1849. American statesman 
From descendants of Daniel Huntington 
On canvas: JO x 25 inches 



T>aniel Huntington 




SELF PORTRAIT 

Secured from the family 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 
In a private collection 



59 



Henry Inman 

IJORN in Utica, N. Y., October 20, 1 801 , died in New 
York City, January 17, 1846. He had intended entering 
the United States Military Academy, but on visiting the 
studio of John Wesley Jarvis, decided to take up painting 
which he did under Jarvis's instructions. At the age of 
twenty-one, he opened his own studio in New York and 
soon acquired fame as a portrait painter. He was the first 
vice-president of the National Academy of Design, which 
was founded in 1824. Always more interested in painting 
landscapes than portraits, he bemoaned the fact that he 
could not find customers for the former, and finally moved 
to Mt. Holly, N. J., for the sake of the rural life. He did 
not remain long, however, but returned to New York and 
then went to England. He was there commissioned to 
paint Macaulay, Wordsworth, etc., for his American 
clients. Notwithstanding many inducements to remain 
abroad, he returned to the United States in 1845. He made 
many portraits in crayon, as well as in oil and was one of 
the first to practice lithography in this country. He paint- 
ed some fine portraits and was a versatile artist, execut- 
ing excellent genre paintings as well as landscapes. 



60 



Henry Inman 




PORTRAIT, presumed to be of William Inman, the Artist's Father 
From direct descendants 
On canvas: jo x 2$ inches 
In the Chicago Art Institute 



61 



Henry Inman 




MRS. CAROLINE HOYVARD OILMAN. Born in Boston, 1794; 
died in Washington , 1888. Writer and poet. Married Dr. Samuel Gilman in 
/<?/p when they moved to Charleston, S. C., where Dr. Gilman was appointed 
Minister of the Unitarian Church. Listed in Mrs. Gilman' s personal notes 
On canvas: 30 x 25 inches 

62 



Henry Inman 




HENRY LIVINGSTON, ESQ. Son of John Livingston of Oak Hill 
On canvas: 34 x 27 inches 



James T^eid J^ambdin 

)ORN in Pittsburg, Pa., on May 10, 1807, died near 
Philadelphia, January 31, 1889. He studied art under 
Thomas Sully and at the age of eighteen was already paint- 
ing portraits in Pittsburg. Later he traveled through a 
number of the cities of the middle Southwest, spending 
most of his time, however, in Pittsburg and Mobile, Ala. 
In 1877 he settled in Philadelphia. He was Professor of 
Fine Arts in the University of Pennsylvania, for twenty- 
five years an active officer of the Pennsylvania Academy 
of Fine Arts, and one of the presidents of the Artists Fund 
Society. He is credited with having founded the first art 
society west of the Alleghenies. 



6 4 



James T^gid J^ambdin 




DANIEL WEBSTER, ESQ. Born January 8, 1782; died October 
24, 1852. Statesman and orator 

Signed on back of canvas: "Daniel Webster by J. R. Lambdin, Phila" 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



Charles T^obert J^eslie 



N" in London, England, October 19, 1794, died 
there on May 5, 1859. The reason for including him among 
American painters is that he was of American parentage 
and his first instruction in art was received in this country. 
He lived in Philadelphia from his fourth to his seventeenth 
year. In 1813, returning to England, he studied under Ben- 
jamin West and Washington Allston. In 1821 he was 
elected an Associate of the Royal Academy and an Aca- 
demician in 1825. From 1831 to 1832 Leslie was Professor 
of Drawing at the United States Military Academy at 
West Point, and while in this country was made an honor- 
ary member of the National Academy of Design. From 
1841 to 1851 he was Professor of Painting in the Royal 
Academy. Principally a subject painter, he also executed 
some excellent portraits. 



66 



Charles T^obert J^es/ie 




PORTRAIT OF A LADY 

On canvas: j6 x 29 inches 
In a private collection 



Samuel Fin ley Creese ^Corse 

OoRN in Charlestown, Mass., on April 27, 1791, died 
in New York City, April 2, 1872. While at Yale Univer- 
sity, from which he was graduated in 1810, he seemed more 
interested in painting than in science, although to the 
world he is better known as the inventor of the telegraph 
than as a painter of fine portraits. After graduation he be- 
came acquainted with Washington Allston and studied 
under him for a year, when he accompanied him to London 
and soon after was admitted to the Royal Academy. He 
became friends with Charles Robert Leslie and studied 
under Benjamin West. In 1815 he returned to the LInited 
States, settling in Boston, where he opened a studio. At 
first he devoted himself to painting historical subjects, but 
finding no sale for these, turned to portraiture. In 1818 
Morse went to Charleston, S. C., and painted many por- 
traits there, among them President Monroe. Removing 
to New York in 1823 he helped to found the New York 
Drawing Association and was its first president, this later 
leading to the establishment of the National Academy of 
Design, with Morse its president until 1842. In 1829 he 
again went to Europe and spent three years abroad, prin- 
cipally in Paris and Italy. It was on the ship returning to 
New York that he met Dr. Charles T. Jackson, who had 
been making a special study of electricity and magnetism 
with the great French physicists. This chance meeting 
turned Morse's thoughts from painting to electricity and 
accounted for his invention of the electric telegraph, to the 
perfection of which he devoted the rest of his life. 



68 



Samuel Fin ley ^Breese ^Corse 




DR. CHARLES THOMAS JACKSON. Born in Plymouth, Mass. 

in 1805; died in 1880. Inventor, scientist of great distinction, and friend of 

Morse 

On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



69 



Samuel Fin ley Creese 




I. W. FORBES. New York Silversmith. Early Nineteenth Century 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



John 



DORN in Boston, Mass, (where his parents were tem- 
porarily residing), November 4, 1796 (some authorities 
give the date of his birth as 1799), died in Philadelphia, 
Pa., on September 17, 1865. His first instructors were 
Peter Ancora, a drawing teacher, and Petticolas, a minia- 
ture painter. Neagle began his career as apprentice to a 
coach-painter. Later he studied for two months with Bass 
Otis. This is all the instruction that he ever received. In 
1818 Neagle decided to devote himself to portrait painting 
and went to Lexington, Ky., then to Frankfort, Louisville 
and New Orleans before returning to Philadelphia in 
1820. On his arrival there he married the step-daughter 
of Thomas Sully, with whom he divided the best patronage 
of Philadelphia. It has been said that "Sully painted the 
pretty women and Neagle the virile men." Neagle visited 
Boston a few years before Stuart's death, when the latter 
sat to him for the portrait which is now in the Boston 
Museum of Fine Arts and which is recognized as the best 
representation of Stuart extant. Neagle was second only 
to Stuart as a painter of powerful portraits. 



John 




WILLIAM STRICKLAND, ESQ. Born in Philadelphia, 1787; 

died in Nashville, Tenn. t April 7, 1854. Eminent architect and engineer 

Architect of the first United States Mint in Philadelphia 

Signed and dated 1829 

From direct descendants 

On canvas: jo x 25 inches 

In a private collection 



13 




JUNIUS BRUTUS BOOTH in character of Sir Mortimer 
English actor. Born 1796; died 1852 
On canvas: 28^4 x 24 inches 



74 



John 




REV. JASON WHITMAN 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



75 



'Joseph "Stays Ord 



in Philadelphia in 1805, d' e d there April 18, 
1 865. He was the son of George Orel, the well-known Penn- 
sylvania ornithologist and naturalist. Little is known of 
his life, excepting that he was a member of the first Council 
of the Artists Fund Society in 1835 a "d tnat ne continued 
to paint portraits in Philadelphia until his death, at the 
advanced age of sixty. 



76 



h 



13 

.{.that In 

Philai'; 

. 



Joseph "S/'ays Ord 




PORTRAIT OF A MAN 

Signed 

On canvas: 18 x 14 inches 

In a private collection 



77 



Bass Otis 

DORN in New England in 1784, died in Philadelphia, 
November 3, 1861. It is not known where he first obtained 
his instruction, but in 1808 he was painting portraits in 
New York, and in 1812 had settled in Philadelphia. He 
painted a number of prominent Philadelphians, some of 
them exceedingly well done. Otis has the distinction of 
having made the earliest lithographs ever published in 
this country, which appeared in the Analectic Magazine 
for July, 1819. 



"Bass Otis 




MISS LATROBE 
On canvas: 30 x 25 inches 



79 



"Bass Otis 




MASTER JOSIAH SWAMLEY WAYNE 

From direct descendants 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 
In a private collection 



(Charles Willson ^Peale 

OORN in Chestertown, Md., April 13, 1741, died in 
Philadelphia, February 22, 1827. He was probably the 
most versatile of all American artists, as he at various 
times practiced coach-building, harness-making, clock 
and watch manufacturing, silversmithing, dentistry and 
taxidermy; he was also a naturalist and interested in poli- 
tics, besides being a miniature painter and a portrait 
painter in oils of marked ability. In his twenty-fifth year 
he gave up his various trades and devoted himself to por- 
trait painting. His first lessons were received from John 
Hesselius, the son of Gustave Hesselius. After a year in 
Boston, studying with John Singleton Copley, in 1767 he 
went to London, where he became the pupil of Benjamin 
West. While in London, Peale studied modeling in wax, 
casting and molding in plaster, and mezzotint engraving. 
Returning to Annapolis in 1769, he commenced painting 
portraits. In 1772 he went to Mt. Vernon and painted the 
earliest known portrait of George Washington. Three 
years later he established himself in Philadelphia. In 1802 
he opened Peale's Museum in that city, which was one 
of the first museums in the country. He made several 
attempts to form an art academy in Philadelphia before 
he was finally successful in assisting in establishing the 
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in 1805. Peale was a 
virile and convincing portrait painter but his reputation 
has suffered somewhat, due to a number of mediocre por- 
traits that he painted for his museum, and also to the fact 
that portraits painted by his relatives have passed for 
his work. He is supposed to have made it a point of 
refusing commissions in the interest of his sons, among 
them, Rembrandt, Raphael and Titian Peale. He had a 
brother, James and two nieces, Anne Claypoole, and Sarah 
Ann Peale, all of whom were artists. 



8a 



Charles IVillson "Pea/e 




COMMODORE THOMAS NICHOLSON of Kent County, Md. 
From direct descendants 
On canvas: 30 x 25 inches 



Charles H^illson 







MRS. G. BURNS. Mrs. Burns was grandmother of Bishop Oden- 
heimer of Pennsylvania and great-grandmother of Miss Odenheimer, in 
whose collection this portrait was found. Mrs. Burns was a connection of 
Robert Burns 
On canvas: jo x 24^4 inches 



>ORN in Bucks County, Pa., February 22, 1778, 
died in Philadelphia, October 3, 1860. He was the son of 
Charles Willson Peale, and at an early age gave evidence 
of a talent for art. In 1795 he was given three sittings by 
Washington and painted what he called his original por- 
trait of Washington. In 1801 he went to England and 
studied under Benjamin W 7 est. After his return to America 
in 1803, he painted portraits in Savannah, Charleston, New 
York and Philadelphia. He made trips to Paris in 1807 
and again in 1809 to paint portraits of distinguished 
Frenchmen for his father's museum and to study in the art 
galleries there. In 1829 he again went to France and Italy, 
spending sixteen months on the continent, then to England, 
remaining there until 1833, when he returned to America. 
While in England Peale exhibited at the Royal Academy. 
He was President of the American Academy after Trum- 
bull, and was one of the original members of the Academy 
of Design. A good portrait painter, he is especially known 
for his "composite portrait" of Washington. In painting 
this picture he used not only his own portrait made from 
life but those of his father, the Gilbert Stuart portraits and 
the Houdon bust. According to his own records, he painted 
thirty-nine copies of his father's Washington, and seventy- 
nine of his own. 



86 




GEORGE WASHINGTON. Born February 22, 1732; died December 
14, 7799 

On canvas: J/ x 29}^ inches 
In a private collection 



T^embrandt ^Peale 




COLONEL JOSEPH BIAYS 

From direct descendants 

On canvas: 27% x 23^ inches 

In the Museum of Natural History and Art, Pittsfield, Mass. 



Charles Teak <Polk 

OORN in 1767 and died in 1822. His mother was 
Elizabeth Digby Peale, sister of Charles Willson Peale, who 
married Captain Robert Polk of Virginia. Polk came to 
Philadelphia to live with his uncle in 1775 and remained 
in his household until his early manhood. He was a stu- 
dent of painting in his uncle's studio and practiced the art 
of portrait painting for a number of years. Later he held a 
position under the Government at Washington. 



90 




GEORGE WASHINGTON 

Signed and dated May, 1783 
On panel: 20*4 x 16% inches 



Charles Teale <Polk 




COMTE DE ROCHAMBEAU. Born in 1725; died in 1783. Fre nc h 
General in America 



Signed and dated May, 

On panel: 2oY* x /6% inches 



93 



'Peter Frederick T^othermel 

L>ORN in Wescopack, Pa., July 18, 1817, died in 
Grassmere, Pa., August 15, 1895. First studied land-sur- 
veying and only took up the study of art at the age of 
twenty-two. He was a pupil of J. R. Smith and afterwards 
of Bass Otis. From 1847 to 1855 he was director of the 
Pennsylvania Academy. The next year Rothermel went 
to Europe, visiting the principal cities of Italy, England, 
France, Germany and Belgium, returning to America in 
1859. On his return he settled in Philadelphia, where he 
painted some portraits, but principally historical subjects 
and paintings as illustrations for books. 



94 



^eter Frederick T^othermel 




PORTRAIT OF A LADY 

On canvas: 24 x 20 inches 



95 



James Sharpies 

IJoRx in Bath, England, in 1751, died in New York 
City, February 26, 1811. He came to this country first in 
1794 but after a few years went back to England, finally 
returning to America in 1809. Sharpies is famous for the 
miniature portrait pastels he made of most prominent men 
of his day. The majority of them are in profile but many 
are full face. He drew a portrait of Washington in profile 
in 1796, when Washington was in Philadelphia, and of this 
his wife later made a copy on ivory. Sharpies made a rep- 
lica of nearly all the portraits which he executed and on 
each was the name of the sitter. These are of inestimable 
value in identifying portraits of that period. 



9 6 



Sharpies 




PORTRAIT OF A MAN 

On canvas: 10 x 8 inches 
In a private collection 



97 




JAMES McCLURG, ESQ. OF MARYLAND. Born in 1747; died in 
1823, Member of Federal Convention in 1787 
On canvas: /o x 8 oval 



99 



Colonel ^David Hunter St rot her 

OORN in Martinsburg, Va. (now West Virginia), 
September 16, 1816, died in Charleston, W. Va., March 
8, 1888. In 1829 he went to Philadelphia to study drawing 
with Pietro Ancora and in 1836 became the pupil of Morse 
in New York. Strother then spent some years traveling in 
the West and in Europe. On his return in 1845 ne settled 
in New York. Besides being a portrait painter, he was a 
wood-engraver, author, soldier and diplomat. He pub- 
lished many drawings and sketches under the pen-name of 
"Porte Crayon," the first appearing in Harper's Magazine 
in 1852. 



ICO 



Colonel 'David Hunter Strother 




WILLIAM SOMMERVILLE, ESQ., of Virginia 
On canvas: JO x 25 Inches 



101 



(filbert Stuart 

IJORN in Narragansett, R. I., December 3, 1755, died 
in Boston, Mass., July 27, 1828. From his early youth he 
showed a taste for portrait painting and at the age of 
sixteen was sent to study with Cosmos Alexander, a 
Scotch portrait painter, temporarily in this country. When 
in about 1772 Alexander returned to Scotland, Stuart ac- 
companied him. Alexander died shortly after his arrival 
in Scotland and Stuart was compelled to return to America 
after having been absent for about two years. He wished 
to return to England to study under Benjamin West, and 
finally, in 1775, set out for London, where he remained 
several years, studying part of the time with West. Ac- 
cording to Hart, Stuart spent the years from 1778 to 1793 
painting in Dublin. Returning to America, he settled in 
New York, where he remained until 1794, then to Phila- 
delphia, where he spent nine years, then to Washington, 
D. C., where he remained until 1806. He finally settled in 
Boston and died there in 1828. Stuart was unquestionably 
the greatest American portrait painter of his time and in- 
fluenced all his contemporaries. He painted nearly all the 
prominent Americans of his age, his most distinguished 
sitter being George Washington. 



102 



Qilbert Stuart 




GEORGE WASHINGTON. Engraved by Nutter on January 75, 1798 
Directly from descendants of J. Sebastien De Franca of London. Men- 
tioned in Mason's "Life and Works of Gilbert Stuart" p. //J 
On canvas: 29 x 24 inches 
In a private collection 



103 



(filbert Stuart 





MARTHA WASHINGTON. Born in New Kent County, Va., May, 
J?J2; died at Mt. Vernon, Va., May 22, 1802. Daughter of Col. John Dan- 
dridge. Married George Washington in January, f?59 
On canvas: 33% x 2$*i inches 
In a private collection 



IC 4 



Qilbert Stuart 




MR. SUTCLI FFE. From direct descendants of the late Daniel Hunt- 
ington, who purchased it from a great niece of the subject of this portrait 
On canvas: 2y x 24 inches 



105 



Qilbert Stuart 




MRS. JOSEPH ANTHONY 

From direct descendants 

On canvas: 29^4 * 2 4 inches 

In the Metropolitan Museum of Art 



106 



Gilbert Stuart 




MR. JOSEPH ANTHONY 

From direct descendants 

On canvas: 29^ x 24. inches 

In the Metropolitan Museum of Art 



107 



Qilbert Stuart 




GABRIEL MANIGAULT, ESQ. 

From direct descendants 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 
In a private collection 



108 



Qilbert Stuart 




MRS. GABRIEL MANIGAULT 

From direct descendants 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 
In a private collection 



109 



Cfilbcrt Stuart 




ISAAC VAN DER BEEK, ESQ. Born October 29, 1743; died May 
2 7> I&33- Married Rachel Ryerson, November 27, 1767 
From direct descendants 
On panel: 34 x 27 inches 



Qilbert Stuart 




MRS. RACHEL RYERSON VAN DER BEEK. Wife of Isaac 
Van der Beek. Born May /j, /7J/; died February 23, 1825. Daughter of 
Martin Ryerson and Amantze Van Rypen y who was the daughter of J. T, 
Van Rypen, of Passaic, X. J. 
From direct descendants 
On panel: 34 x 27 inches 



in 



Gfilbert Stuart 




MRS. BETSY HARTIGAN. Mentioned in Masons "Life and 
Works of Gilbert Stuart" p. 196 
On canvas: 30^/2 x 25 inches 
In a private collection 



112 



Qilbert Stuart 




MR. WEBB, JR. (?) 

On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



"3 



Qilbert Stuart 




MR. WEBB, SR. (?) of County Donegal, Ireland 
On canvas: JO x 25 inches 



114 



Qilbert Stuart 




MRS. RACHEL TRENCHARD STRICKLAND. Wife of Wil- 
liam Strickland, Esq. Born in Salem, N. J., 1789; died 1866 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 
In a private collection 



(filbert Stuart 




JAMES CONNOR of Yonghal, Ireland. Born May 23, 1773; died 
August 14, 1819. Educated at Dublin University. Came to America in 
and in the same year married Katherine Crowley of Belleville, N. J. 
From direct descendants 
On canvas: 29 x 24 inches 



116 



Gfilhert Stuart 




REV. SAMUEL COOPER THACHER. Born in Boston, February 
14, 178$; died in France, "January, 1818. One of the founders of the Boston 
Athenaeum Library 
On canvas: 29 x 24 inches 



"7 



Gfilbert Stuart 




MISS KING 

On canvas: JO x 2^ inches 



118 



Stuart 



about 1810, died April 28, 1888. She was the 
daughter of Gilbert Stuart, studied under him for years, and 
practiced the profession of portrait painter until her 
death. In her early years she completed many unfinished 
sketches of Washington left by her father, and painted 
numerous copies of her father's portrait of this illustri- 
ous American. She was a mediocre painter and her work 
can be easily detected from that of her father. 



120 



Jane Stuart 




GEORGE WASHINGTON 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 
In a private collection 



121 



Jane Stuart 




MARTHA WASHINGTON 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 
In a private collection 



123 



>ORN in Petersburg, Va., July 17, 1803. The son of 
an actor, and nephew of Thomas Sully, at the age of six- 
teen he determined to become a painter and after many 
privations succeeded in getting to Philadelphia at the age 
of eighteen. Here he received some instructions from his 
uncle, Thomas Sully. After nine months he returned to 
Virginia and took up the practice of his profession. He also 
painted portraits in North Carolina, finally sailing for 
England the ist of August, 1824, due to the advice and 
encouragement of his uncle. During his second year in 
London he painted a portrait of C. Below, secretary of the 
British Institution. This brought him to the attention of 
Northcote, who encouraged him and permitted him to 
copy pictures which he had by Reynolds, Opie, Gains- 
borough, etc. He also painted a portrait of Northcote, 
which brought him considerable renown. Sully returned 
to America in September, 1828, and continued to practice 
his profession, principally in the South. 



124 



Robert <3*C. Sully 




JUKI US BRUTUS BOOTH, ESQ. Earn 1796; died 1852. Eng- 
lish actor 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



125 



Thomas Sully 



in Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England, June 
*9> T 783> died in Philadelphia, November 5, 1872. 
Brought to America by his parents at the age of nine, the 
family settled in Charleston, S. C. Thomas received some 
slight art instruction before joining his brother, Lawrence, 
a miniature painter, at Richmond, Va. Later they moved 
to Norfolk where, soon surpassing his brother, Thomas 
commenced painting oil portraits and received some in- 
struction from Henry Benbridge. In 1806 he married his 
brother's widow. Before settling permanently in Phila- 
delphia in 1808 he spent some time in New York and Bos- 
ton, in the latter city receiving some instruction from Gil- 
bert Stuart. The following year, going to London, he 
studied under Benjamin West, returning to New York in 
1810. His last years, however, were spent in Philadelphia. 
Sully was a portrait painter of marked ability and most 
famous for his paintings of women. The picture which gave 
him probably his greatest reputation was his portrait of 
Queen Victoria. Sully had a son Thomas and a daughter 
Jane, afterwards Mrs. J. C. Darley, both of whom were 
portrait painters, and it is probable that many portraits 
in the style of Sully, but hardly up to his standard, were 
painted by these artists and have been wrongly attributed 
to their father. 



126 



Thomas Sully 




MRS. KATHERINE MATHEWS of Philadelphia 

From direct descendants 

On canvas: 27 x 23 inches 

In the Metropolitan Museum of Art 



127 



^Thomas Sully 




MRS. J. IZARD MIDDLETON 

Secured from descendants 
On canvas: j6 x 27^ inches 
In a private collection 



128 



Thomas Sully 




CHARLES MANIGAULT, ESQ. 

Secured from descendants 
On canvas: 35 x 27^/1 inches 
In a private collection 



129 



Thomas Sully 




MRS. GEORGE L I N G E N, nee Maria Oldmixon, Wije of Dr. George 

Lingen 

No. 1054 in Sully 's Register 

From direct descendants 

On canvas: 28 x 24 inches 

In the Chicago Art Institute 



130 



Thomas Sully 




DR. PHILIP SYNG PHYSICK. Bom in Philadelphia, Pa., July 
7, 1768; died there December 75, /<?J7. Graduated from University of Penn- 
sylvania in /7<?J, and was given the independent chair of surgery which he 
held for thirteen years. Was called "father of American surgery." First 
American to be elected Member of the French Academy of Medicine. In fSj6 
made honorary fellow of Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society of London 
No. fj/j in Sully 's Register 
On canvas: 30% x 25 inches 



Thomas Sully 




GOVERNOR SIMON SNYDER of Pennsylvania. Born in Lan- 
caster, Pa., November $, //59; died near Selinsgrove, Pa., November p, 1819. 
Elected Governor of Pennsylvania in 1808 and served three terms. Snyder 
County, Pa. was named after him 

Engraved by David Edwin and published July, 1809, by John Binns 
No. 1561 in Sully' s Register 
On canvas: 29 x 24 inches 



132 



'Thomas Sully 




"AUNT SABINA." From a descendant of James Reid Lambdin, who 
was a pupil and close friend of Sully 
On canvas: JO x 24 inches 



133 




COMMODORE ROBERT FIELD STOCKTON. Born in 
Princeton, N. J., August 20, 1795; died there October 7, 1866 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



134 



Thomas Sully 




GENERAL ANDREW JACKSON. Born March 75, 1767; died 

June 8, 1845. President of the United States from 1829 to 1837 

Exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in 1887 by L. Taylor 

Dickson, Esq. 

On canvas: 24 x 20 inches 



135 




C H I L D R E N of Jean Terfois and Mary Sicard David (Julia, Ferdinand 

and Stephen David) 

No. 417 in Sully' s Register 

Signed and dated 1826 

On canvas: 38 x 44 inches 



136 



Jeremiah 

IJORN in Switzerland before 1720, died May 18, 
1774. He commenced painting portraits in South Carolina 
prior to 1740, as is evidenced by a notice in the Charleston 
(South Carolina) Gazette of August 30, 1740, to the eftect 
that he was established and ready to receive sitters. Por- 
traits by Theus are somewhat in the early manner of Cop- 
ley, and some of these have been wrongly attributed to the 
brush of his more famous contemporary. 



Jeremiah Theus 




MR. MATHEWSONo/CW^/on, S. C. 
On canvas: 34 x 29 inches 



139 



Jeremiah c Thet4S 




MRS. MATHEWSON of Charleston, .S\ C. 
On canvas: 34 x 29 inches 



Trumbull 

JJORN in Lebanon, Connecticut, June 6, 1756, died 
in New York City, November 10, 1843. He was a son 
of Jonathan Trumbull, who was the Governor of Con- 
necticut and, being a Harvard graduate, sent his son to 
Harvard. John Trumbull is said to have graduated from 
the University at the age of seventeen. He early developed 
a taste for drawing. At the beginning of the Revolutionary 
War he joined the Army as an adjutant and Washington 
appointed him Aide-de-camp, using him to make drawings 
of the enemy's works at Boston and other places. He 
finally attained the rank of Colonel. In 1780 he went to 
France and then to London, carrying a letter from Ben- 
jamin Franklin to Benjamin West. He was arrested while 
there and thrown into prison for treason, when finally 
being released through the efforts of West and Copley, he 
was permitted to return home. In 1784 he again returned 
to England, studying under West. He traveled on the 
Continent part of the time. Before his return to America 
in 1789, when he settled in New York, he painted a number 
of historical pictures, among them the original composi- 
tions for his paintings, "Declaration of Independence" and 
"Sortie of the Garrison from Gibraltar." He was abroad 
again from 1794 to 1804 and also from 1808 to 1816. 
Among Trumbull's best works are his miniatur s. Hart 
attributes the inferiority of some of his larger pictures to 
the fact that Trumbull had lost the sight of one eye and, 
therefore, this disqualified him from seeing forms and pro- 
portions normally. Trumbull painted many of the most 
prominent people of his day, among them General and 
Mrs. Washington. 



142 



Trumbull 




"TRIAL OF MAJOR ANDRE." Generals Green and Lafayette seated 
at table. Standing in back of them are Paulding, Williams and Van Vort, 
who captured Andre. General Steuben is standing and next to him is Gen- 
eral Knox wearing artillery cap. In the background is John Laurens. 
On canvas: 12 x 18 inches 



Samuel J^ovett JValdo 

OORX in Wyndham, Conn., April 6, 1783, died in 
New York City, February 16, 1861. He received his first 
art instruction from a mediocre artist by the name of 
Stewart in Hartford. Later Waldo painted portraits in 
Connecticut, and finally, at the invitation of John Rutledge 
of South Carolina, went to Charleston where he remained 
some time. In 1806 he went to London where he met 
West and Copley and worked in the Royal Academy. 
Returning to the United States in 1809 he settled in 
New York City and remained here until his death. In 
1812 William Jewett came to him for instruction and 
after two years the latter made such progress that Waldo 
formed a partnership with him for the painting of por- 
traits. They painted pictures jointly and these pictures 
are often found stencilled on the back: "Waldo & Jewett, 
New York City." On the formation of the American 
Academy of Fine Arts, Waldo was made a member and 
finally a director. In addition to those he painted with 
Jewett, he painted many charming portraits alone. 



'44 




MRS. WILLIAM STEELE. Mary Dayton, daughter of Dr. Jon- 
athan Dayton, married William Steele on December 26, 1791. She died 
March 26, 1834. The portrait was fainted shortly before her death and comes 
from the collection of William D. Steele 
On panel: jo x 25 inches 



145 




COLONEL JOHN MARSHAL GAMBLE, U. S. M. C. Born 
1791; died in Brooklyn, N. Y., September //, 1836. Appointed 1st Lieu- 
tenant of the Marine Corps in 1811 and six years later Lieutenant-Colonel. 
Was with Porter on the "Essex" left in charge of the Ga/ipagos Islands Ex- 
pedition 

From direct descendants 
On canvas: 30 x 25 inches 

146 



Samuel J^ovett W^aldo 




MRS. LETITIA LANG GAMBLE. Mrs. Gamble was the daughter of 
John Lang, editor and proprietor of the New York "Observer." He was great- 
ly interested in Waldo, who not only painted Mr. Lang, but also his wife and 
three daughters 
On canvas: JO x 2$ inches 



Samuel J^ovett H^alclo 




MRS. MARIE A. UNDERBILL VAN ZANDT. Daughter of 

Israel Underhill of Westchester County. Married Wynant Van Zandt in 

1788 

On canvas: JO x 25 inches 



148 



Samuel J^ovett Waldo 




CHARLES AVERT, KSQ. Born about 1790. Merchant and gre 
philanthropist. He lived and died in Pittsburg, where a monument u\ 
erected to him 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



JValdo and Jewett 




DAVID AUGUSTUS COMSTOCK, ESQ. Born 1804; died 1855 
in New York City 
From direct descendant 
On panel: JJ x 25% inches 



150 



'Benjamin 

DORN near Springfield, Chester County (now Swarth- 
more, Delaware County), Pa., October 10, 1738, died 
in London, England, March 10, 1820. West is supposed 
to have shown a talent for painting at a very early age. 
His first instruction was received from W. Williams in 
Philadelphia. Later West went to Lancaster, Pa., where 
he made his first attempts at portraiture. In 1756 he es- 
tablished himself in Philadelphia as a portrait painter and 
two years later went to New York. In 1760 West went to 
Italy, remaining there until 1763, studying and painting 
a number of allegorical pictures. From there he went to 
London where he opened a studio, remaining until his 
death. West became one of the most popular painters 
of his day. One of the founders of the Royal Academy 
in 1768, in 1792 he succeeded Sir Joshua Reynolds as 
President of that Institution, which post he held almost 
uninterruptedly until 1815. West greatly influenced 
American as well as English art of his day. It was for- 
tunate, indeed, for art in America that those American 
artists who went abroad should have had an American 
to study with and no one could have shown more kindness 
to the struggling young artists of his native land than did 
West. Among those befriended by him were Charles 
Willson Peale, Gilbert Stuart, Joseph Wright and John 
Trumbull. West, one of the favorites of the English Court, 
receiving an allowance from the Crown, was not compel- 
led to seek commissions. This no doubt accounts for his 
numerous historical subjects and the lack of apprecia- 
tion of his real ability. As a portrait painter West was 
second to no artist of his day and had he only devoted 
himself to painting portraits he would no doubt have held 
a higher place in the history of art. 



152 



^Benjamin 




PO R T R A I T of the Artist painting his Wife 
Signed and dated 1806 
On canvas: j? x 28 inches 



153 



'Benjamin West 




PORTRAIT OF A MAN 

Signed and dated f794 
On canvas: 50 AT 40 inches 
In the Chicago Art Institute 



154 



benjamin 




JOHN J. SEDLEY, ESQ. 

"John Sedley was a nephew of Sir Charles Sedley 
Signed and dated, "B. West, 1802" 
On canvas: j6 x 28 inches 
In a private collection 



155 



^Benjamin West 




RALPH I Z A R D and Fellow Students at Cambridge University , England. 

From left to right represented are: Messrs. Allen, JVormsley, Allen, Izard 

and Beckford 

On canvas: 4O l /, x 50% inches 

In a private collection 



,56 



// f .) 




and B,. 






^Benjamin 




SELF PORTRAIT 

On canvas: 40% x 51% inches 
In a private collection 



157 



^Benjamin litest 




"RETURN FROM THE PROMISED LAND' 

On panel: 23 x JO^ inches 

In the Hackley Art Gallery ', Muskegon, Mich. 



158 



benjamin 




MRS. WEST AND CHILD 
On canvas: jf x 26 inches 



159 



^Benjamin JVest 




"RETURN OF JEPHTHAH" 

On canvas: jS x 54 inches 



160 



IJORN in Clarkstown, Orange County, New York, 
1798; died in Washington, D. C., 1852. His father was a 
respectable farmer who wished his son to succeed him, but 
when Joseph was fifteen years of age he determined to seek 
his fortune in New York. He was attracted by some minia- 
ture pictures in a silversmith's shop while in New York and 
offered himself as an apprentice there. He worked as a 
silversmith for some years, during which time he was also 
interested in painting. Meeting John Wesley Jarvis, he 
joined him and they carried on the business of portrait 
painting together. About the year of 1806 Wood moved to 
Philadelphia and later followed the seat of Government 
to Washington, where he made his home until his death. 
Wood is reported to have painted very rapidly; sometimes 
even finishing a portrait in a day. 



162 



Joseph Wood 




PORTRAIT OF A BOY WITH DOG 

Signed and dated 1828 
On canvas: jo x 25 inches 



163 



fus Wright 



in Cleveland, O., 1832. According to Ap- 
pleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography Wright was a 
pupil at the National Academy and studied also for a time 
under George A. Baker. His professional life was spent in 
New York and Washington. In 1866 he was made a mem- 
ber of the Brooklyn Academy of Design. His portraits in- 
clude those of Roger B. Taney, Edwin M. Stanton and 
William H. Seward. About 1875 ne turned his attention 
also to the painting of composition pictures and produced 
among other works, "The Morning Bouquet," "The In- 
ventor and the Banker," etc. 



164 



Upright 




WILLIAM HENRY SEWARD, ESQ. Earn May 16, 1801; died 

October /o, 1872. Secretary of State under Lincoln and Johnson 

Signed and dated on back of canvas: "William H. Seward by Rufus Wright, 

November 4, fS6j" 

On canvas: 31% x 24 inches 



165 



st of Arti 



IN arranging the list of artists we have deemed it simpler 
to place the names alphabetically. The following abbrevia- 
tions have been used to designate the principal activities of 
each artist: 

P for portraits G for genre, still life, etc. 

L for landscapes or seascapes M for miniatures 

H for historical subjects 

A 

Agate, Frederick S. (P G) 1 807-1 844 

Alexander, Cosmo (P) flour'shed 175(5-1772 

Alexander, Francis (P L) 1800-1880 

Allston, Washington (P G) 1779-1843 

Ames, Ezra (P) flourished 1812 

Ames, Joseph Alexander (P) 1816-1872 

Audubon, John James (Birds) 1780-1851 

B 

Badger, Joseph (P M) 1708-1765 

Baker, George A. (P G) 1821-1880 

Baker, William H. (P G) 1825-1875 

Banning, Wm. J. (P) 1810-1856 

Beard, James Henry (G H) 1814-1893 

Beck ? (L) ? -1814 

Belzoni ? (M) flourished 1792 

Benbridge, Henry (P) 1744-1812 

Bierstadt, Albert (L) 1829-1902 

Birch, Thomas (L) 1779-1851 

Birch, William Russell (M) I 755~ I 834 

Blackburn, Jonathan B. (P) about 1700- after 1765 

Blondel, Jacob D. (P) 1817-1877 

Blyth, Benjamin (P) 1740- after 1781 

Bogle, James (P) 1817-1873 

Bonfield, G. R. (L) 1802-1898 

Bridport, Hugh (M) 1794-1832 

Brown, George Loring (L) 1814-1889 

Brown, Mather (P G) about 1763-1831 

Bryant, Henry (PL) 1812-1881 

Bush, Joseph H. (P) 1794-1865 

167 



Cain ? (P) flourished 1760 

Campbell ? (P) flourished 1776 

Cardelli, Georgio (P) 1791- ? 

Carpenter, Francis B. (P) 1830-1900 

Carter, Dennis Malone (P L) 1827-1881 

Casilear, John W. (L) 1811-1893 

Catlin, George (P) 1793?-! 875? 

Catton, Charles (G) 1756-1819 

Chandler, Winthrop (P) 1747-1790 

Chapman, John Gadsky (P L G) 1805-1889? 

Church, Frederick Edwin (L) 1826-1900 

Claypool, James (P) 1720-1784 

Cole, Thomas (L) 1801-1848 

Cooper, Peter (L) 1717- ? 
Cooper, W. flourished 1835 

Copley, John Singleton (P H) 1737-1815 

Coram, Thomas (P) 1793-1856 

Cranch, Christopher P. (L) 1813-1892 

Crawley, John (P) 1784- ? 

Cropsey, Jasper F. (L) 1823-1900 

Cummings, Thomas S. (P) 1804-1894 

D 

Barley, Felix O. C. (G) 1822-1888 

Dearborn, Nathaniel (P) 1786-1852 

Delanoy, Abraham (P) 1740-1786 

DeVeaux, Jacques Martial (P) 1825-1891 

Dickinson, Anson (M) 1780-1847 

Dickinson, Daniel (P M) 1 795~ ? 

Doughty, Thomas (L) 1793-1856 

Duche, Thomas Spence (P) 1763-1790 

Dunlap, William (G P H) 1 766-1 839 

Durand, Asher Brown (L G) 1796-1886 



Earl, Augustus (P) 1 793~ ? 

Earl, Ralph (P) 1751-1801 

Earle, James (P) 1761-1798? 

Earle, Ralph E. W. (P) ? -1837 

Earle, T. (P) flourished 1775-1792 

168 



Eckstein, John (P L H G) 
Eichholtz, Jacob (P) 
Elliott, Charles Loring (P) 
Emmons, Nathaniel (P) 



flourished 1772-1822 
1776-1842 
1812-1868 
1704-1740 



Falconer, John M. (L G) 
Feke, Robert (P) 
Field, Robert (M P) 
Fink, Frederick (G P) 
Fisher, Alanson (P G) 
Fisher, Alvan (L P) 
Flagg, George W. (G) 
Flagg, Jared B. (P G) 
Francis, George (P) 
Fraser, Charles (M P) 
Frazer, Oliver (P) 
Frazier, ? (P) 
Freeman, George (G) 
Freeman, James Edward (P G) 
Frothingham, James (P) 
Fuller, George (L) 
Fulton, Robert (P M) 



1820-1903 
1725-1769 
? -1819 
1817-1849 
1807-1884 
1792-1863 
1816-1897 
1820-1899 
1790-1873 
1782-1860 
1808-1864 
flourished 1763 
1789-1868 
1808-1884 
1786-1864 
1822-1897? 
1765-1815 



Gerry, S. L. (L) 
Gifford, San ford R. (L) 
Gignoux, F. Regis (L H) 
Goodridge, Sarah (M) 
Gray, Henry Peters (G) 
Greenwood, John (P) 
Grimes, John (P) 
Gullager, Christian (P) 



Hamilton, James (L H) 
Hanks, Jervis F. (P) 
Harding, Chester (P) 
Hart, William (L G) 
Harvard ? (P) 



H 



1813 

1823-1880 
1816-1882 
1788-1853 
1819-1877 
1727-1792 
1799-1837 
1762-1826 



1819-1878 
1799- ? 
1792-1866 
1823-1890 
flourished 1771 



169 



H 

Healy, George Peter Alexander (P H) 
Herring, James (P) 
Hesselius, Gustavus (P) 
Hesselius, J. (P) 
Hicks, Thomas (P L G) 
Hunt, William Morris (G P) 
Huntington, Daniel (P G H) 
Hubbard, Richard W. (L) 

I 

Ingham, Charles Cromwell (P G M) 
Inness, George (L) 
Inman, Henry (P L G) 



J 



Jarvis, John Wesley (P) 
Jewett, William (P) 
Jewett, William S. 
Jocelyn, Nathaniel (P) 
Johnson, Eastman (G) 
Johnston, John (P) 
Jouett, Matthew Harris (P) 



K 



Kensett, John Frederick (L) 
Kilbrunn, Lawrence (P) 
King, Charles B. (P) 
King, Samuel (P) 
Krimmell, John Lewis (P G) 
Kyle, Joseph (P G) 



1 813?-! 894 
i 794?- i 867 
1682- ? 
1728-1788 
1823-1890 
1824-1879 
1816-1906 
1817-1888 



i 796?-! 863 
1825-1894 
1801-1846 



1780-1839 
1795-1863? 
1812-1873 
1796- ? 
1824-1906 
1752-1818 
1787-1827 



i8i8?-i872 

? -1775 



1749-1819 
1787-1821 
1815-1863 



Lambdin, George Cochran (G) 

Lambdin, John Reid (P) 

Lane, Thomas H. 

Lang, Louis (P H) 

Lawson, Thomas Bayley (P) 

LeClear, Thomas (P G) 



1830-1896 
1807-1889 
1814-1900 
1814-1893 
1807-1888 
1818-1882 



170 



Leslie, Charles Robert (P G) 
Leutze, Emanuel (H G) 
Linen, George (P) 
Longacre, James Barton (P) 
Lovett, William (M) 



McEntee, Jervis (L G) 



Me 



M 



Malbone, Edward Green (M) 

Malcolm, James Peller (P L) 

Manly ? (P) 

Marchant, E. D. (P) 

Matteson, Tompkins H. (G) 

Meng, John (P) 

Metcalf, Eliab (P M) 

"Mooney, Edward (P) 

Moran, Edward (L) 

Morgan, Louis (P) 

Morse, Samuel Finley Breese (P L H) 

Mount, Henry S. (G) 

Mount, Shepard Alonzo (P) 

Mount, William Sidney (G P) 

Munger, George (M) 

Munson, Lucius (P) 

N 

Neagle, John (P) 
Newton, Gilbert Stuart (P G) 



1794-1859 
1816-1868 
1802-1888 
1794-1869 

1773-1801 



1828-1891 



1777-1807 
1767-1815 
flourished 1772 
1806-1887 
1813-1884 

1734- ? 

1785-1834 

1813-1887 

1829-1901 

1814-1852 

1791-1872 

1802-1841 

1804-1868 

1806-1868 

1783-1824 

1796-1823 



1796 or 1799- 1865 
1797?-! 835 



Ord, Joseph Biays (P) 
Osgood, S. S. (P) 
Otis, Bass (P) 

Page, William M. (P) 
Park, Asa (P) 
Paradise, John (P) 



O 



1805-1865 
1798- ? 
1784-1861 

1811-1885 

? -1827 

1783-1833 



171 



Paul, Jeremiah (P) 

Peale, Anne Claypoole (M) 

Peale, James (P) 

Peale, James (M P L) 

Peale, Raphael (P G) 

Peale, Rembrandt (P G) 

Peale, Sarah M. (P G) 

Peele, John T. (P) 

Petticolas, Edward F. (P) flourished 

Percival, Edwin 

Pine, Robert Edge (P H) 

Polk, Charles Peale (P) 

Pratt, Henry Cheeves (L P) 

Pratt, Matthew (P G) 

Pratt, Robert M. (P G) 

Price, General Samuel W. (P) 



flourished 1761 
1791-1878 
1749-1831 
1779-1876 
1774-1825 
1778-1860 
1800-1885 
1822- ? 
Early igth Century 

1793- ? 

1730-1788 

1767-1822 

1803-1880 

1734-1805 

1811-1880 

1828- ? 



Quidor, John (G) 

R 

Ramage, John (M) 
Read, Thomas Buchanan (P L) 
Reinagle, Hugh (L G) 
Remick, Christian 
Robertson, Archibald (P H) 
Robertson, Walter (M) 
Rogers, Nathaniel (P) 
Rossiter, Thomas P. (G H L) 
Rothermel, Peter F. (P H) 



1800-1881 



? -1802 

1822-1872 

1790-1834 

flourished 1768 

1765-1835 

flourished 1793 

1788-1844 

i8i8?-i87i 

1817-1895 



Saint-Memin, Charles B. 
Sargent, Henry (P G H) 
Savage, Edward (P) 
Scarborough, John 
Sharpies, Felix (P) 
Sharpies, James (P M) 
Shaw, Joshua (L) 
Shaw, Stephen William 



J. F. de (M) 



1770-1852 
1770-1845 
1761-1817 
flourished 1830 
1794- ? 
1751-1811 
1776-1860 
1817-1900 



'72 



Sheffield, Isaac 1798-1845 

Shegogue, J. H. (P) 1805-1872 

Shumway, H. C. (M) i8o8?-i88 4 

Smibert/John (P) 1684?-! 751 

Smibert, Nathaniel (P) 1734-1756 

Smith, John Rubens (P) I775~ ? 

Smith, William Russell (L) 1812-1896 

Sonntag, William L. (L) 1822-1890 

Spencer, Frederick R. (P) 1805-1875 

Staigg, Richard M. (M P) 1820-1881 

Stearns, Junius Brutus (P) 1810-1885 

Stone, William Oliver (P) 1830-1875 

Strother, Col. David Hunter (P) 1816-1888 

Stewart, Joseph (P) !75o- ? 

Stuart, Gilbert (P) 1755-1828 

Stuart, Jane (P) i8io?-i888 

Sully, Robert M. (P) 1803- ? 

Sully, Thomas (P G L) 1783-1872 

Sully, Lawrence (M) 1769-1803 

Sully, Thomas Wilcocks (M) 1811-1847 

Suydam, James Augustus (L) 1819-1865 

T 

Terry, Luther (G H P) 1813-1 869 
Theus, Jeremiah (P) Before 1720-1774 

Thompson, Cephas (P) 1775-1856 

Thompson, Cephas Giovanni (L) 1809-1888 

Thompson, Jerome (L G) 1814-1886 

Tilyard ? (P) 1787-1827 

Tisdale, Elkanah (M) 1771- ? 
Trott, Benjamin (M) flourished 1791-1839 

Trumbull, John (P H L) 1756-1843 

Twibill, George (P) 1806-1836 

Tyler, G. Washington (P) 1803-1833 

V 

Vanderlyn, John (P H) 1775?-! 852 

Ver Bryck, Cornelius (P L G) 1813-1844 
Verstille, William (M) flourished 1769-1802 

Vollmering, Joseph (L) 1810-1887 



w 

Waldo, Samuel Lovett (P) 1783-1861 

Wall, William G (L) 1792- ? 

Watson, John (P) 1685-1768? 

Waugh, Samuel B. (L) 1814-1885 

Weber, Paul (L) 1823- ? 

Weir, Charles E. (P) ? -1845 

Weir, Robert Walter (H G) 1 803-1 889 

Wenzler, A. H. (L) ? -1871 

W'ertmuller, Adolf Uric (P) 1 749 ?-i 8 1 1 ? 

West, Benjamin (H P G L) 1738-1820 

West, William Edward (P M G) 1788-1857 

White, Edwin (H G) 1817-1877 

Whittredge, Worthington (L G) 1820-1910 

Whitehorn, James (P) 1803-1888 

Williams, Henry (P) 1787-1830 

Williams, Isaac L. (P L) 1817- ? 

Williams, William (P) 1731-1811 

Wilson, Matthew (P M) 1814-1892 
Winstanley, William (P L) flourished late i8th Century 

Wood, Joseph (P M) 1798-1852 

Woodville, Richard Caton (G) 1825-1855 
Woolaston, John (P) flourished 1750 

Wright, Joseph (P) ^56-1793 

Wright, Rufus (P) 1832- ? 



174 



IT has been impossible for us to determine the dates of 
birth or death of the following artists who flourished during 
the middle of the 1 8th and 1 9th centuries. Any information 
concerning these artists will be very gratefully received and 
appreciated, and all subscribers to the book will be notified 
as this information is secured: 

BILLINGS, T. E. 

BOWEN 

BUDDINGTON 

BULLARD, O. A. 

CHAPIN, HENRY 

CONARROE, GEORGE 

DOORNICK, F. V. 

DRINKER 

FAIRFAX, D. R. 

FERGUSON, DUNCAN 

FRAZER, J. 

GREEN 

LEWIS, W. 

McCONKEY 

McGIBBON, JAMES 

McKAY 

MATTHEWS, WILLIAM T. 

ONTHANK, B. 

PARKER, THOMAS 

PENNIMAN, JOHN RITTS 

POLK, WILLIAM 

ROBERTS 

RUSSELL OF GUILFORD, JOHN 

SAWYER, JAMES 

SOUTHWORTH, WILLIAM 

SPRAGUE, MARTIN 

TAYLOR 

TORRY, M. C. 

WEEKS, CAROLINE 

WESTOBY 

WILLARD, JOSEPH 

WRIGHT, HENRY J. 



IN compiling the foregoing facts we are indebted to the 
following authorities: 

American Art Annuals 

Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography 

Artists of the Nineteenth Century (Clement & Hutton) 

Art in America Before the Revolution (Edwin Swift Balch) 

Bulletins of the Worcester Museum of Art 

Catalogue of the Hudson-Fulton Celebration at the Metropolitan Mu- 
seum of Art, 1909 

Catalogue of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 

Catalogue of the Exhibition of Early American Paintings, 1917 (Museum 
of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences) 

Catalogue of the Works of Art of New York City, 1909 

Cyclopaedia of Painters and Painting (Chaplin & Perkins) 

Copley by Frank W. Bayley 

Copley by Augustus T. Perkins 

Copley by Martha Babcock Amory 

Dictionary of National Biography (Edited by Sidney Lee) 

Dictionary of Universal Biography (Hyamson) 

Dictionary of Painters and Engravers (Bryan) 

Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Graveurs and Dessinateurs (E. 
Benezit) 

Dictionnaire Repertoire des Peintres (Mme. Isabelle Errera), 1913 

History of the Arts of Design (William Dunlap) 

History of American Art (S. Hartmann) 

History of American Painting (Samuel Isham) 

Historical Reference Book (Louis Heilprin) 

Kunstler Lexikon (Thieme-Becker) 

Kunstler Lexikon (Nagler) 

Little Known Early American Portrait Painters (Frank W. Bayley) 

National Academy of Design (Cummings) 

National Cyclopaedia of American Biography (James T. White & Co.) 

Outlines of the History of Painting (Edmund von Mach) 

Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts (Helen W. Henderson) 

Tuckerman's Book of the Artists 

Works of American Artists in the Collection of Herbert L. Pratt (Charles 
Henry Hart) 



176 



*Book arranged by W. A. 'Bradley, Tale University 
'Press, J\Vi; Haven, and printed by ZN^or man T. A. 
cs? (Company, Baltimore 



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