1 1 i
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
Que pundred Vears of Ristory
Second Presbyfenan Cburcb
Cbomas fiolmcs UldlKcr
Pastor Stem Presbyfcriin Cburcb
nOV. 9t 1902
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Chapter 1 7
Early Days of Presbyterianism.
Chapter II 20
Organization of the Second Church.
Chapter III 50
In the Days of Dr. Glendy.
Chapter IV 68
Choosing a Colleague.
Chapter V 80
The Pastorate of John Breckinridge, D. D.
Chapter VI 94
The Call of Robert J. Breckinridge, D. D.
Chapter VII 115
A Period of Colonization.
Chapter VIII 129
Dr. Breckinridge Closes His Pastorate.
Chapter IX 143
The Pastorate of Lewis W. Green, D. D.
Chapter X 150
The Times of Joseph T. Smith, D. D.
Chapter XI 166
Our "War Pastor," George P. Hays.
Chapter XII 175
The Call of Jonathan Edwards, D. D.
Chapter XIII 180
Another Man from Pennsylvania, Robert H. Fulton.
Chapter XIV 193
An Effort Toward Union.
Chapter XV 205
An Era of Organization, Alex. Proudfit, D. D.
This book is affectionately dedicated to the mem-
bers of the Congregation of the Second Presbyterian
Church, worthy inheritors of the precious attain-
ments in the Master's kingdom of those whose names
may be found enrolled herein, and of those unnum-
bered and unsung, a vast multitude forgotten of
men, whose names are enrolled in the Lamb's Book
of Life; and to the members of the Session, upon
whose shoulders has fallen the mantle of the fathers,
and who are blessed with a double portion of that
spirit of service and devotion to the Master and His
church so characteristic of the Presbyterian elder.
The Second Presbyterian Church of Baltimore
celebrates its one hundredth anniversary. It would
seem to be a fitting time to stop and enjoy the vision
back along the way by which we have come to this
point in our progress through the years.
It would also seem to be fitting that we record
that which we see, that, when we pass on, we may
have a permanent record of the facts indelibly set in
the history of the past, and shall also be able to recall
from time to time and at a glance the impressions
which this centennial anniversary must now produce
on every thoughtful and devout member of our
Very humbly we place in this permanent form the
deeds of our fathers, and point at the same time to
our own doings — we who are the children of such
fathers, for we have not whereof to boast, since the
joy and hope and strength of our people have ever
been a realizing sense of and entire dependence on
the inworking presence and outworking power of
the Holy Spirit. Yet we may not be accused of
boasting when we say that we are proud of the long
line of illustrious men who, from pulpit and pew,
have been the willing instruments of the spirit of
God and have borne faithful testimony to the ever-
lasting truth down to the present day.
Baltimore, Nov. 9, 1902.
Onel^undred Vearsof l)i$fory
Secona PresDytcrian gburcb
« « «
By Rev. Cbomas mms (Uaiker, Pa$tor
The struggles of the makers of America was the
inevitable warfare of an awakened manhood. Few
and pitifully feeble in physical resources, they daunt-
lessly and successfully attempt the greatest political
and social problems. The result is still the wonder
of the world. The unchained word of God which
made the Reformation possible throughout Europe,
made possible also the birth of this Republic, founded
in the great doctrines of the sovereignty of God and
the right of each individual to his equal chance in
"life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." It was
at once a regeneration and a reformation — for no
reformation can be real that is not vital. And the
vitality of any reformation of character lies in the
quickening into life of the spiritual man. The root-
ings of early American character lie, for by far the
greater and the dominant part of her pioneer citizen-
ship, deeply bedded in the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
Convictions followed conversions, and actions were
8 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
regulated by convictions. Men knew they were
responsible to God before they were answerable to
man ; that they must have a reason approved of God
for every opinion formed and position assumed.
Fire and sword were alike ineffectual in the at-
tempt to steal from them their birthright in the
Gospel of the Son of God. The bitter and relentless
persecutions of the Fatherland made America's wil-
derness, with its unknown perils and unattempted
problems, appear to be a peaceful habitation.
Such manhood was the basis of this national edi-
fice, at this day somewhat of an experiment among
the nations of the world, so far as its imposing super-
structure is concerned, but presenting everywhere, in
all departments of her building, political, social, in-
dustrial and religious, the splendid, solid proportions
of sterling Christian character.
The progress of the race, intellectually, morally,
spiritually, is the progress of Christianity.
The fountain opened upon Calvary for sin and for
uncleanness still pours through its widening rift the
healing waters for the race.
Is it to be wondered at that these men, who had
religious convictions before they had political predi-
lections, who held their heavenly citizenship before
civil preferment, should, when they had the drafting
of a "Magna Charta," stamp their fearless character
upon it? Is it any wonder that they sent the red
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 9
blood of such a manhood through all the arteries
and veins of our national life? We do well to study
this by no means ancient history, "lest we forget."
The Son of Man made ample provision for the
nourishment and development of sterling Christian
character in the Christian church, "the pillar and
ground of the truth."
There it is protected and entreated and thrust
forth "to will and to do of God's good pleasure,"
from the first infantile assertions of a heaven-born
authority over the purely sensual and selfish, to its
perfection of dominant sovereignty over all the
affairs of life.
It is in the Christian church, too, that character,
expressed in the contests for supremacy waged in the
limited sphere of a single life, finds its aggregate
wealth of power and authority tremendously in-
creased through union with kindred characters, and
begins to understand the Scriptures, "One shall chase
a thousand and two put ten thousand to flight."
Every one of the great evangelical denominations
which in those early, struggling years found a
haven on our shores, was a most important factor in
determining the trend of our American history in
things civil and religious.
That we are peculiarly interested in the history of
our own branch of this evangelical body, the Presby-
terian, will excite no wonder.
lO ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY.
It is not within the scope of this Httle volume,
however, to attempt so broad a field, but to limit our
investigations to simply one congregation, and that
we may say with pardonable pride will be found to
be in character and activity, though one of many,
yet among the foremost.
It is true that the Second Presbyterian Church of
Baltimore, Md., did not begin to be until the nine-
teenth century was two years old, yet its charter
members were of the bone and sinew of our first con-
gregation, which played its part in the times in which
our Republic came to the birth. The history of Pres-
byterianism since those early days in Baltimore city,
has been commensurate with the growth of the city.
For, previous to the year 1730, there was but little
promise of the city's present magnificent propor-
tions, except that prophecy which its fine inland har-
bor made of what is to us a daily vision — a forest of
masts, the token of world-wide commercial relations.
The beginning of our city may have been small,
but it lies a long way back. In 1662 Charles Gor-
such took up and patented the first land within the
present city limits. He called it Whetstone Point.
Fort McHenry is built upon it. He found but few
to favor the location.
Some twenty years after Charles Carroll, agent of
the lord proprietary and the ancestor of Charles Car-
roll of Carrollton, became a land owner for the pur-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. II
pose of founding a town. In 1726, however, there
were only a mill, two dwellings and some tobacco
warehouses upon the present site of the city and the
land was not half cleared. No wonder it was not as
yet dignified by a name. The rough character of the
ground was not in its favor as a site for a growing
city and prospective settlers looked with more favor
on the more level land around, but were by legisla-
tive enactment in 1729, through protest of owners,
prevented from occupying this and were compelled
to seek a site on the northwestern branch of the
Patapsco, in Baltimore county, consisting of sixty
acres of land. "In or about the place where John
Fleming now lives" is the reading of the enactment.
The site of John Fleming's house was on what is
now Charles street, east side, near Baltimore street.
This John Fleming had rented his farm from
Charles Carroll. The price paid by the projectors
of Baltimore town for this farm was 40 shillings per
acre. There does not seem to have been any pro-
digious growth up to the year 1761, when the citi-
zens numbered less than three hundred and the
Yet, one writing of it after the Revolutionary war,
says : "It was a pleasure to see this little Baltimore
town just at the close of the War of Independence, so
conceited, so bustling and debonair, growing up like
a saucy, chubby boy, with his dimpling cheeks and
12 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY.
short, grinning face, fat and mischievous, and burst-
ing incontinently out of his clothes in spite of all the
allowance of tucks and broad selvages. Market
street (Baltimore) had shot like a Nuremburg snake
out of its box, as far as Congress Hall, with its line
of low browed, hipped-roof houses in disorderly
array standing forward and back after the manner
of a regiment of militia."
What caused this progressive spirit? Was it be-
cause that during the Revolution the capitol centered
in Baltimore or was it not rather because a stream of
immigration had set in after 1730, bringing many
strong Christian men into the little city. These men
were merchants and mechanics, but above all were
Christians. Of these the Presbyterians were neither
last nor least. In Baltimore county there had been
a Presbyterian Church prior to the year 1715,10
which Rev. Hugh Conn ministered. Its location
cannot be determined. The minutes of the Presby-
tery of Philadelphia, with which Maryland was at
that time connected, show that Mr. Conn came to
this country with Mr. Orme from the Presbyterian
Church of England, with which church a correspon-
dence was carried on through a Mr. Reynolds. A
committee was appointed to examine him as to his
ministerial abilities, and upon being satisfied, were to
solemnly ordain him to the work of the ministry
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 3
among the people of Baltimore county, Maryland,
upon the third Thursday of October, 171 5.
In the year following the Presbytery of Philadel-
phia divided into four separate judicatories, and Mr.
Conn's name was enrolled in Newcastle Presbytery,
to which Maryland was attached. This pioneer
Minister of Christ died while preaching in the pulpit
of the Bladensburg Church in 1773. It is known
also that he was pastor of our own Slate Ridge
Church, preceding a Mr. Whittlesey, whose work is
mentioned in a report on the state of religion in
Maryland, written by Rev. Samuel Davies to Dr.
Bellamy, of New England, in which, in the same
connection, he speaks of the revival of religion in
Maryland. Dr. Patrick Allison also ministered to a
church in the county about the year 1 768 in connec-
tion with his church in Baltimore. This church was
called "Soldiers' Delight," now Mount Paran, and
was formed in 1766 by some families from Pennsyl-
vania. They built a log church, in which they wor-
shipped for some time. This was five years subse-
quent to the coming into Baltimore of a strong band
of Presbyterians from Pennsylvania and Maryland.
These men are worthy a place on the church's roll
of honor. Driven by thickening troubles, through
the foolhardiness of the Proprietary Government, to
seek another home, the brothers Smith, John and
William, William Buchanan, partner with John
14 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Smith in the firm of Smith & Buchanan, James Ster-
rett, Mark Alexander, John Brown, Benjamin Grif-
fith, Robert Purviance, WilHam Spear, Drs. John
and Henry Stevenson, from Ireland, and Jonathan
Plowman, from England, came to Baltimore.
These, with others, soon formed a Presbyterian
congregation, meeting from house to house, until
their unpretentious log building was erected. It
stood just to the rear of where Christ Episcopal
Church now stands, corner of Gay and Fayette
streets. They soon proved their strength in both
church and state, and were largely instrumental in
bringing to Baltimore its present supremacy over
earlier settlements on the Chesapeake. For, in the
race for honors anywhere, sturdy character counts
for more than any other quality. To these men and
their immediate successors, whose names are to be
found upon the register of our oldest Presbyterian
churches, not alone Presbyterianism but Evangelical
religion owes a debt we can never hope to pay,
except we lay our posterity under similar obligation
by fidelity in our lot. There was preaching for them
in this log church the Rev. Hector Allison, whom
they besought to be their pastor, but the arrange-
ment was never consummated, for the committee of
the Presbytery, sent to examine the field and prose-
cute the call, did not deem the proposals satisfactory.
In a short time, however, 1763, they engaged a
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 5
licentiate of Philadelphia Presbytery, Mr. Patrick
Allison, of whom they had heard through some
young men of Baltimore attending an academy at
Newark, where he was acting as tutor, to serve them
for a period of one year, as stated supply. His
salary was to be £ioo. Mr. Allison was a young
Pennsylvanian, born but 23 years before in fertile
Lancaster county. His education was attained in
the College of Philadelphia.
It soon became apparent that to avoid the
many inconveniences arising from a lack of authori-
tative management in congregational matters, mak-
ing necessary a calling together of the entire society
for their consideration, they must choose some gov-
erning body. They therefore selected a committee,
the minister to preside, whose business it would be
"to direct and transact public affairs in the name of
the society," before whom their proceedings were to
be laid as required. No new regulations could be
framed nor alterations made in any existing without
their oversight and consent. This committee was
formed by the society, convened in their log church
on the 6th day of February, 1764. The committee
unanimously chosen consisted of John Stevenson,
John Smith, William Lyon, William Buchanan,
William Smith, James Sterrett, William Spear and
l6 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
At a subsequent meeting of the committee, Rev.
Patrick Allison presiding, Mr. James Kelso was
elected clerk, and at a meeting on the loth instant,
at his house, Mr. John Smith was chosen treasurer
and Messrs. William Buchanan and James Sterrett
collectors for the ensuing year.
It was not to be expected that the little log church
would long suffice the growing needs of this pro-
gressive people, and we are prepared to learn that
this committee found almost the first item of busi-
ness the erection of a new church edifice. The build-
ing as erected was 35x45 feet, leaving in the rear a
burial ground. In 1772 the church was enlarged.
In 1785 the congregation decided to purchase two
acres of ground outside the city limits for a burying
ground and that they erect a new church on the site
of the old one. All these improvements resulted in
1792, in the possession by the congregation of the
famous two-towered church with its wide portico
and steep ascent, standing on the blufif overhanging
Jones' Falls, now the northwest corner of Fayette
and North streets. The weather vanes upon these
steeples must have been the subject of town jokes,
for Scharf, in his "Chronicles of Baltimore," says:
"The chief particularity about the latter (steeples)
being, that the weather cocks upon them never point
in the same direction unless, perhaps, during the
equinoxial gales." It was at that time one of the
JOHN GLENDY, D. D.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 7
most elegant churches in America. While the
church was building, Dr. Allison preached in the old
courthouse, which stood on the site of the present
The prosperous condition of Presbyterians may be
assumed from the committee's address to the congre-
gation upon the completion of the new building in
1 79 1, in which they state that since the formation of
the congregation, a period of little more than 28
years, three church edifices had been erected, lots
bought, one burial ground purchased, two enclosed,
salaries collected with unusual accuracy and inferior
expenses defrayed. "Your temporalities," they add,
"are now in a flourishing state."
During the erection of this building, formal appli-
cation was made in the Presbytery for the formation
of a Second Presbyterian Church, the result of the
labors of Dr. Allison, who had given part of his time
to preaching on the Point. Since the growth of the
First Church he found it necessary to discontinue
this preaching, which led to the desire for the forma-
tion of another Presbyterian congregation. It would
seem from the records of the Second Church as
though even previous to 1790 such an organization
was contemplated, for the Board of Trustees of the
Second Church in meeting November 6, 1804, did
appoint a committee, Messrs. Hollins, McElderry
and Payson, "to investigate the circumstances of a
1 8 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
parcel of land given to certain persons for a Second
Presbyterian Church by Col. John E. Howard in
1785 and to obtain a title if possible." \The report
of this committee cannot now be found. The pro-
ject slumbered, gathering strength. Dr. Backus in
the footnotes to a printed copy of a sermon he
preached at the dedication of the Westminster
Church, 1852, says: "In 1801 Dr. Allison's health
declined, making necessary the securing of an
assistant," but in manuscript memoirs in an old
record book of the Second Church the chronicler of
those early events, writing in the times of Rev. R. J.
Breckinridge, certainly not later than the early 30's,
says : "Dr. Allison died at a very advanced age,
much regretted by his people and by the citizens gen-
erally. Soon after this event, which it is believed
was in 1801, three candidates offered for the vacant
pulpit, viz: the Rev. Dr. Alexander, the Rev. Dr.
Inglis and the Rev. Dr. Glendy."
The following notice of Dr. Patrick Allison's
death and funeral, appeared in the Gazette and Ad-
vertizer of the 21st of August, 1802.
"The members of the Presbyterian Church and
such other citizens of Baltimore as are disposed to
testify their respect to the memory of the late Rev,
Dr. Patrick Allison, are requested to attend his
funeral tomorrow afternoon at 5 o'clock, from his
late dwelling. August 21st."
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I9
In the same paper for the 23rd of August appear-
ed a short account of his Hfe.
At the first election the Rev. Dr. Alexander was
chosen by a large majority, but it having been com-
municated to him that the minority would not join
in the call, he declined its acceptance and was after-
wards chosen pastor of the Third Presbyterian con-
gregation of Philadelphia and then professor in the
Theological Seminary at Princeton."
At the second election the Rev. Dr. Inglis was
chosen by a small majority over Dr. Glendy.
ORGANIZATION OF THE SECOND CHURCH.
The friends of Dr. Glendy, dissatisfied with the
conduction of the election, withdrew and formed the
Second Presbyterian Church. This colony was
large and respectable, for they immediately opened
up a correspondence with Dr. Glendy, who at the
time was pastor of two small congregations near
Staunton, Va. He agreed to remove to Baltimore
if they would build him a church. Dr. Glendy came
to Baltimore warmly recommended by Thomas Jef-
ferson, with whom he had become acquainted, and
through whom he had visited Washington, where he
was heard so favorably that the fame thereof
reached Baltimore and resulted in his having so
enthusiastic a following, that they immediately took
steps to receive him in Baltimore and to build him a
Pending the building of the church Dr. Glendy
frequently preached in the pulpits of the Evangelical
churches of the city, but the regular services of the
congregation were held in the First Presbyterian
Church building, as would appear from an extract
from the minutes of "the Committee of the Presby-
terian Church in the city of Baltimore."
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 21
"The following letter was laid before the com-
Baltimore, December 4, 1802.
Gentlemen : The committee appointed to re-
ceive subscriptions for the purpose of erecting a new
building to be distinguished by the name of "The
Second Presbyterian Church in the city of Balti-
more," take the liberty of informing you that the
subscription has equalled the most sanguine expecta-
tions. They also take the liberty of communicating
to you that the pastor's (contemplated by such sub-
scription) engagements with his present parishoners
expires with the last day of this month and that it is
the wish of the committee to give him an invitation
immediately on the expiration of his time. The
object of thus addressing you is to know if he could
have the use of the present Presbyterian Church to
officiate in occasionally, until the new church could
be occupied with safety, which we flatter ourselves
from the intended early arrangements for the going
on with the building will not exceed the month of
August next. With due respect, we are, gentlemen,
John McKim, Jr., N. Andrews,
Joseph Spear, James Armstrong,
N. Thompson, Kennedy Long,
Hugh McCurdy, Thomas McElderry,
James Hutton, James Biays,
James Sloan, and Joel M. Munson.
Abraham Van Bibber,
2.2 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Whereupon, it was resolved, That the president
answer the same by signifying our willingness to
accommodate them with the use of the church occa-
sionally, and the president, together with Messrs.
Robb and Buchanan, are appointed a special com-
mittee to meet a deputation from the applicants, to
make the necessary arrangements for that purpose."
The subscribers to the new building of the in-
tended Second Presbyterian Church were called to-
gether by the subscription committee through an
advertisement in the Morning Advertiser of Decem-
ber 27, 1802.
"The committee appointed to receive subscriptions
for the intended Second Presbyterian Church, in the
city of Baltimore, respectfully solicit a meeting of
the subscribers at the Columbia Inn, corner of How-
and and Market streets, on Wednesday evening, the
29th inst., at 5 o'clock."
They met on the 29th of that month and consid-
ered the proposals and plans of the committee for the
January 6th, 1803, proposals were advertised for
in the daily print for bricks and lime for intended
Second Presbyterian Church, dimensions of which
are to be 60x80.
By order of the committee,
James Hutton, Ch.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 23
It will be seen from the foregoing that not much
time was lost by the committee in beginning the
The reader, who may be unacquainted with this
portion of our church's history may be inquiring as
to the meaning of certain titles used and the absence
of others which today are of the "warp and woof" of
our church affairs.
Let us glance at the history. Owing to the imper-
fect organization of the times and the very loose
method pursued in the preservation of facts con-
nected with the formation of our church, we are able
to lay before our readers but a meagre portion of that
most important period in the history of Presbyter-
ianism in Baltimore.
The attention of Presbytery was directed toward
this condition of the churches and moved toward
their more perfect organization, adopting a pastoral
letter setting forth the necessity for a regularly
ordained session of ruling elders. Previous to this
the representatives of the church sent to Presbytery
had been unordained men acting in the capacity of
trustees. It was, then, simply an unorganized con-
gregation, which proposed to Dr. Glendy his settling
among them as their pastor.
Nor was it until October 29, 1804, at a congrega-
tional meeting, regularly called for that purpose,
that articles for regulating and managing their con-
24 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
gregational or temporal concerns were adopted and
a committee of thirteen members elected as their first
trustees or "committee" to carry into effect said
articles in accordance with the mode prescribed by
the act of the General Assembly of Maryland for the
incorporation of certain persons in every Christian
Church, etc., passed in 1798, supplement 1802. This
act of incorporation was recorded November 4, 1804.
The corporate title therefore became "The Commit-
tee of the Second Presbyterian Church in the City of
Baltimore." The members of this first committee
were as follows :
James Biays, James Sloan, Thomas McElderry,
Joseph Spear, Thomas Dickson, Henry Payson,
John McKim, Jr., Kennedy Long, James Arm-
strong, John Campbell White, John Hollins, Hugh
McCurdy and James Hutton.
Provision was made for their succession by con-
vening in the place of public worship the members of
the congregation over 21 years of age holding a pew
and not being in arrears more than six months for
same, on the 4th Monday of October or any other
Monday of same month (changed to 3d Wednesday
of December in October, 1864), then and there to
elect by ballot or proxy 13 members of the congrega-
tion, each pew to have but one vote, no matter how
many might have sittings in it. All the property
was vested in this corporate body, which was given
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
full authority to bargain, sell, lease or convey. At
all meetings the minister was to be the presiding offi-
cer and was to appoint three judges of election a
reasonable time before each election and sign all doc-
Though we may not lay before our readers an ac-
curate roll of those first members, we can very nearly
approximate them from a list of the contributors to
the erection of the church. This list bears date 1803
and is as follows :
Buchanan, James A.,
Boyd, James P.,
Brown, Capt. David,
Brown, Dr. George,
Calhoun, James W.,
Cochran, Wm. and Bro.,
Colhoon, Benjamin C,
Clopper, Edward N.,
Dickson, John, Thomas
Dobbin, Thos. and Geo.,
ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Dorsey, John G.,
Forman, William Lee,
Fulton, Alex and James,
Gilmor, Robert and sons.
Gordon, John and Wm.,
Keeports, George P.,
Kelso, George and John,
Kerr & King,
Lorman & Ful fords,
jMunson, Joel M.,
McKim, John, Jr.,
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
McQuin & Barron,
Neilson, James C,
Oliver, Robert and John,
ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY,
Smith, Samuel R.,
Suman & Lamb,
Van Bibber, Abraham,
Van Wyck, William,
White, J. C. & Sons,
Smith, James and John Woods, William,
Wood, William H.,
Tagart & Caldwell,
The amount of money subscribed by these two
hundred and nine men and one woman was $10,480,
a goodly sum for the times, showing how well sup-
plied in this world's goods the infant project was.
In the treasurer's account for the building of the
church we find expenditures of upwards of $35,000
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 29
paid out to masons and carpenters and dealers in the
materials used in its construction.
On a little print of this building in possession of
the Peabody Library we are informed that the cost
was $34,000 and that George Milleman, the archi-
tect of the old city courthouse, supervised its con-
It was a substantial structure, plain but very com-
modious, capable of seating i,ioo persons. It
fronted 80 feet on Baltimore street and 70 feet on
Lloyd street. There were no steeples and no bell to
call the congregation together, a remarkable omis-
sion in those days. It had wide galleries, to which
access was had by winding stairways at either end of
the church. The church was not completed until
the time for Dr. Glendy's installation, March, 1805.
The sub-committee appointed to superintend the
building of the church consisted of James Biays,
Thomas McElderry and John McKim, Jr. This
committee was continued by act of "The Committee"
November 6, 1804, and doubtless served until its
There is before me as I write a statement prepared
by R. S.Hollins( whose father, J. Hollins, was first
treasurer) about 1824, setting forth the several
sources of receipts and the expenditures of same
from the beginning of the congregation up to the
year 1809, and showing that in addition to raising
3C O^E HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY,
money by direct subscription, by which over $10,000
was pledged, as we have shown, and by the sale of
pews, something over $13,000 and rentals of pews
over $9,000, amazing fact, yet true, they raised
$7,41 1 by a public lottery.
The advertisement of this lottery appeared in the
American and Commercial Advertiser for March 11,
1805, and appeared daily for some time. Imagine,
if you can, the present members of the Second Pres-
byterian Church reading over their morning coffee
the following :
Second Presbyterian Church Lottery.
Authorized by the General Assembly of the State of
Maryland and the corporation of the
City of Baltimore.
I prize of $5,000
I prize of 2,000
I prize of 1,000
3 prizes, $500 each 1,500
8 prizes, $200 each 1,600
20 prizes, $100 each 2,000
40 prizes, $50 each 2,000
80 prizes, $25 each 2,000
200 prizes, $10 each 2,000
3,350 prizes, $1 each 3,350
The above lottery is intended to raise a sum of
money, in addition to the liberal subscription hereto-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 3 1
fore obtained, for the building of the Second Pres-
byterian Church in this city. The laudable purpose
to which this money is to be applied, together with
the advantages in a pecuniary view, which must ap-
pear obvious to adventurers, cannot fail to produce
a ready sale of the tickets.
It is expected the drawing will commence the first
week in September, or sooner, if a sufficient number
of tickets are disposed of. All prizes in this lottery
will be paid, without deduction, in sixty days after
the drawings are completed. Prizes not demanded
twelve months after the drawing is finished will be
considered as generously relinquished for the benefit
of the church.
Tickets, at $5 each, to be had of the managers.
John McKim, Jr.
On April 13, 1805, the lottery is still further ad-
vertised as follows :
The managers of the Second Presbyterian Church
Lottery will commence drawing on the first Monday
in May next. In the meantime tickets may be had
32 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
at the original price, and prizes in the Cathedral
Church Lottery will be received in payment.
(Signed) (as before).
This advertisement was the result of a resolution
passed by the committee March ii, 1805, viz: "That
the drawing of the lottery be commenced in May
In the Telegram and Daily Advertiser, of May 21,
1805, appeared this notice of the first drawing of the
"The managers of the Second Presbyterian
Church lottery, met agreeably to notice yesterday at
Mr. Myer's tavern, and commenced drawing said
"Owing to some returns not being in from the
country, they drew only 25 tickets, and adjourned
'till Saturday, next, at 3 o'clock.
"The following numbers drew prizes of six dol-
lars each :
"1434, 2949, 3421, 3761, 4325, 8817, 9608, 10428.
Gain of the wheel ^yy."
This is but a sample announcement from many
reported in the columns of the daily papers of that
No wonder Treasurer Hollins, of a later genera-
tion, double-marked this item in his ancestor's ac-
count book. In a foot note in pencil he remarks :
"When I called Dr. R. J. Breckinridge's attention to
JOHN BRECKINRIDGE, D. D.
ASSOCIATE PASTOR 1826-1829
IN FULL CHARGE 1829-1831
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 33
this item, he told me he regretted it, but it was lost in
the good God had done to the church."
Can we say to that generation, as Peter did to the
generation which crucified the Messiah, "I wot that
through ignorance ye did it."
We wonder at the patience and forbearance of
God and can only comment upon His subsequently
so greatly blessing the gospel ministrations of our
church, by remembering what Paul says to the
Athenians concerning their ancestry: "The times
of this ignorance God winked at, but now, com-
mandeth all men everywhere to repent." We hope
and pray this sin has been confessed and forgiven.
The ground for the Second Presbyterian Church
was secured March ii, 1803, by John McKim, Jr.,
and Henry Payson from James Stirling for the sum
of $4,000. This parcel of ground is described as
follows : "All that piece or parcel of ground lying
and being on the east side of Jones' Falls. . . .
Beginning for the same on the south side of York
street (Baltimore) at the distance of 284 feet east-
erly from the southeasterly corner of intersection of
York and Exeter streets, and running thence east-
erly bounding on York street to Lloyd street, thence
southerly, bounding on Lloyd street to Salisbury
street, thence westerly bounding on Salisbury street
until it intersects a line drawn southerly from the
place of beginning and parallel with Lloyd street,
34 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
and thence bounding on said line to the beginning on
They agreed in the deed of sale recorded March
25, 1803, to convey and assure the same to the per-
sons to be styled the "trustees of the Second Presby-
terian congregation in the city of Baltimore," as
soon as the said persons shall be duly elected to office
by the said congregation.
From the minutes of the Presbytery of Baltimore,
volume I, page 141, it appears that it was not until
the 9th of August, 1803, that Dr. Glendy was
received into the fellowship of the Presbytery and
the existence of the Second Congregation formally
acknowledged. The extract reads : "Papers rela-
tive to a society calling themselves the Second Pres-
byterian Church of the City of Baltimore were read
and considered and the Presbytery recognized the
existence of a distinct worshipping society in the
City of Baltimore under the name and style afore-
said and received them under their care."
(Signed) David Wiley, Moderator.
James Inglis, Clerk.
Dr. Glendy had not been in Baltimore very long
until he was called upon to mourn the departure of
his beloved wife, the sharer of his persecutions in
Ireland and of the perils of the deep, and hoping, no
doubt, to be his inspiration and joy for many years
in his new and promising field of labor. Mrs. Eliza-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 35
beth Glendy passed away June 13, 1804, and was
buried with becoming ceremonies in the Presby-
terian burying ground on the 15th of the same
Presbytery seems to have moved very leisurely in
the matter of the "induction" of Dr. Glendy as that
event did not take place until the first Saturday in
In the Baltimore American for April 15, 1805,
there appeared an account of this event :
"On Saturday morning, April 6, the settlement of
the Rev. Mr. Glendy as pastor of the Second Pres-
byterian Congregation was solemnized in their
church. The Rev. Mr, Balch began the service with
prayer and singing, as usual, after which he ad-
dressed the audience from Dan. 12 13, "They that be
wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament,
and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars
forever and ever."
"Ministers," he said, "having been made wise by
Divine grace, are qualified to turn others to right-
eousness and they are instrumental in effecting this
1. By their own example.
2. By reproving the wicked when they meet with
3. By visiting and catechizing the individuals and
families of their flock.
36 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
4. By preaching the word of God.
5. By the administration of the sacraments and a
judicious appHcation of the censures of the church.
Those who turn others to righteousness shall
shine with great splendor in the next world. Those
ministers who do not their duty shall be as wander-
ing stars for whom is reserved the blackness of dark-
Dr. Muir, who presided as moderator, then deliv-
ered a short address on the nature of the Christian
Church, asked the usual questions, received the re-
plies from the minister and the people, and made a
few remarks upon the mutual duties of a pastor and
his charge, reading selected parts of Paul's Epistles
But the doctor spoke so exceedingly low that it
was impossible to understand him. In the general
wish we heartily join, that the Union may be pro-
ductive of the most beneficial consequences both to
the pastor, the congregation and the city."
The history of John Glendy, to be so interwoven
with the beginnings of Presbyterianism in Baltimore,
was already an interesting and inspiring one. He
came to America from the little village of Maghera,
County Derry, Ireland, where he was pastor of a
Presbyterian Church. This little village has had a
very long history, dating back to the Golden Age of
Irish civilization, when it was a place of some impor-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 37
tance. From the Sixth to the Twelfth centuries.it
was the seat of a bishopric. In the year 1722 there
was a Protestant population in and around Maghera,
partly Presbyterian, most of them from Scotland.
There is good ground for believing, however, that
the First Presbyterian Congregation was formed in
Maghera about the year 1655. The congregation
passed through two severe persecutions — the first in
1660 under Charles, and the second in 1798, for
which, however, severe the loss to the Presbyterian
cause in and around Maghera the Presbyterians of
Baltimore in general and the Second Presbyterian
Church in particular, are indebted for their first pas-
tor, Rev. John Glendy.
Here let me quote from the sketch of his early his-
tory, prepared for this volume by the present pastor
of Maghera Presbyterian Church, Rev. Robert Mac-
Gill, M. A., Ph. D., who, upon our solicitation, has
kindly made the necessary investigation among the
available resources of information at his hand.
John Glendy was born near the city of Derry on
the 24th of June, 1755. He was educated in the
University of Glasgow, licensed to preach in 1777,
and ordained minister of Maghera on December 26,
1778. His wife was a Miss Cresswell, of Derry.
They lived in a house a short distance from the vil-
lage, to which was attached a farm of some ten or
twelve acres. The farm is occupied at present by a
38 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
respectable Roman Catholic family called Shivers,
From the congregation he received £50 of stipend.
In addition to that he got the Regium Donum, which
may have amounted to anything between £30 and
£40 per annum. All told, his income as minister at
Maghera was less than £80 a year. This sum seems
small, but on the other hand it should be remembered
that the buying power of money was greater then
than now, and that of the 183 Presbyterians congre-
gations in Ulster in the year 1799 almost 100 paid
less than £50 of stipend.
The first important work done by Mr. Glendy in
Maghera was the building of a new church. The
old one on Fair Hill was in a dilapidated condition,
and in 1785 he obtained a new site, and erected a
new building. His church was ruined in '98, but
the site chosen by him is that on which the present
church stands. Of the work of Mr. Glendy as a
pastor there is little information available. The
Sabbath services were longer then than now. He
began at 11 o'clock and finished at 3, with a short
interval at i. Sermons then were both long and
strong. The local tradition is that as a preacher,
Mr. Glendy was eloquent and forcible. His de-
livery, it is said, was rather fast, but his voice was
pleasing, his manner energetic, and his matter good.
His preaching attracted large audiences and excited
the jealousy of the rector (of the established church)
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 39
a fact not without consequences in the troubled year
After the building of the new church Mr. Glendy
took a keen interest in the social and political move-
ments of the times. To make clear this part of my
story, something- must be said about the general con-
dition of Ireland in his youth and this again requires
a brief sketch of the Irish policy pursued by English
statesmen for generations.
The vast majority of the people of Ireland were
Roman Catholics and the remainder were divided
between the Protestant established church and the
Protestant non-conformity churches. It had long
been one of the great ideas of English statesmen to
compel all the people of Ireland to enter the estab-
lished church. For this purpose penal laws were
passed against the Roman Catholics, and a series of
acts — uniformity, test and schism acts — were
framed against the Presbyterians. Although these
laws were not always put into operation in all the
rigor of their letter, they yet created a state of things
in Ireland that is almost incredible. The members
of the established church were only about one-eighth
of the total population of Ireland, yet they alone
could vote at elections, they alone were eligible for
office, civil or military, they alone could enter Parlia-
ment, they dominated education, monopolized the
liberal professions and formed the landed gentry.
40 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Time after time Presbyterian churches and schools
were closed, Presbyterian marriages were illegal.
Presbyterians could not act as teachers and such was
the stress of persecution that multitudes of them
emigrated to America. The Roman Catholics were
in a still worse plight. Parish priests were per-
mitted to exercise their spiritual functions, but no
high dignitary of the church, no cardinal, archbishop
or bishop was allowed to remain in Ireland. Monks
and nuns, too, were prohibited. When a parish
priest died no successor could lawfully continue his
work, A Roman Catholic could hold no office in
the country. He could not enter Parliament or any
of the liberal professions, or sit on a jury, or act as a
sheriff, a teacher or game keeper. Catholic parents
were forbidden to send their children to Catholic
teachers, either at home or abroad, nor dare they
apprentice their sons to lawyers or the cutlery trade.
They could not acquire freehold land, they could not
buy or sell property at will. They could not keep
arms or a horse that was worth more than £5.
Laws were passed to turn the children against the
parents. The eldest son, for example, could secure
his father's wealth by becoming a member, however
insincere, of the established church.
It might be thought that an Irish Parliament so
safeguarded could be entrusted to govern Ireland
with due regard to the interests of the Predominant
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 4I
Partner, but such was not the opinion of EngHsh
statesmen. No bill could be brought before the
Irish Parliament until it was approved of under the
great seal of England. Besides by a pension scheme
many of the members of the Irish Parliament were
held in dependence, so that in both these ways Eng-
land ruled the Irish administration. Nor must the
commercial policy of English statesmen with regard
to Ireland be forgotten. By a series of acts they
completely ruined Irish agriculture, industry and
commerce. English markets were closed to Irish
cattle in 1663. The taxes for the established church
came solely from the tillers of the soil, and the main-
tenance of roads, bridges, etc., was levied in work
and tax upon the same class. The wretched farmers
had a further burden to carry, due to the fact that
many of the landlords were absentees and let their
estates to rack-renting middlemen.
In 1663 Ireland was deprived of the advantages of
trade with the colonies, as the English feared com-
petition. For the same reason the export of Irish
wool was so regulated that the English buyer could
have it at his own price, and a heavy duty was put
upon Irish linen stuffs. It is little wonder that the
result of this policy was that capital left Ireland,
manufacturers emigrated and enterprise was par-
alyzed. A famine broke out in 1739 that killed, it
is said, one-third of the population, and it only
42 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
needed the embargo on Irish ports in 1776, forbid-
ding the export of provisions, to complete the finan-
cial ruin of the country. It is not surprising that
there was widespread dissatisfaction in Ireland and
that a strong agitation sprang up calling for reform.
Under pressure of that agitation from within and
double from without, England began to make con-
cessions. But these came only piecemeal and after
keen struggle. Meantime the American colonies
fought for and won their independence, the French
Revolution had triumphed and the not unnatural
consequence in Ireland was the rise of a party — the
United Irishmen — that demanded the equality of all
creeds in matters political, the extension of the fran-
chise, the freedom of trade, the reform of Parlia-
ment and a large measure of national autonomy.
That the United Irishmen sought national separa-
tion from England from the first is not true, though
that eventually became the policy of their extreme
leaders. At first, too, they proceeded along consti-
tutional lines, and so long as they kept to constitu-
tional methods they were supported by many mem-
bers of the Protestant established church, and by the
great body of non-conformists, both lay and clerical.
On the adoption of more violent methods they lost
much of this support. In '91 the first branch was
formed in Belfast and from that year their organ-
ization grew with remarkable rapidity.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 43
Fortunate, there is documentary evidence of Mr.
Glendy's attitude to the new party. In the "North-
ern Star," the Belfast organ of the United Irishmen,
there appeared a notice of a sermon preached by Mr.
Glendy in his own church at Maghera in December,
'92. According to this notice Mr. Glendy exhibiterl
on this great occasion distinguished abilities in a
manly, disinterested and public-spirited manner,
having displayed, with peculiar energy, the signal
interposition of Heaven on behalf of the French
nation." This notice speaks for itself and sufficiently
indicates that Mr. Glendy was in full sympathy with
the principles of the United Irishmen as at first for-
In Maghera a corps of United Irishmen was
formed called the "Maghera National Guards," in
which Catholics and Episcopalians and Presbyter-
ians alike enrolled themselves. There is no evidence
to show that Mr. Glendy was either an organizer, an
officer or a member of that corps, while there is
abundant testimony that he took no part in the actual
rising. He was undoubtedly in sympathy with the
movement in its beginning, but he did not proceed to
any act of actual rebellion, probably on the principle
that rebellion is only justifiable when it is likely to
In '98 the rising took place, but it was doomed to
failure from the first. There was a lack of arms and
44 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
ammunition, of organization, of discipline, and of
leadership and a few days were sufficient to stamp it
out. The Maghera Corps, about 5,000 strong, as-
sembled on the 7th of June, 1798. Only about 500
had firearms — the remainder carried pikes, pitch-
forks and spades. They held the town that night
and marched next morning to Crewe Hill, about a
mile from the village. On the first appearance of
the soldiers they disbanded, some of them turned
loyalist, but most of them went quietly home. Two
of their leaders, William McKeiver and William
Harper, escaped to America ; the other, Walter Gra-
ham, was foully betrayed and executed.
As stated, Mr. Glendy took no part in the actual
rising. His sympathies, however, were well known
and he was a marked man. Mrs. Glendy fled to her
friends in Derry and he himself went into hiding.
His house was burnt, his property destroyed and
search was made for him.
Not far from his house was a place called "The
Groves." It was deeply wooded and covered with
brush and one part of it lay low. It belonged to a
Mr. Wilson, who had been a Presbyterian and a
member of Mr. Glendy's congregation, but becoming
dissatisfied with Mr. Glendy's political tendencies,
had entered the established church, and had thus the
advantage of being certified as a loyalist by the rec-
tor. In this low-lying and swampy place, safe from
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 45
inspection of the military because owned by an ac-
knowledged loyalist and opponent of Mr. Glendy's,
the minister of Maghera found security for about a
It is greatly to the credit of Mr. Wilson's memory
that he did not betray the pastor with whom he had
quarrelled and that he helped to supply him with eat-
ables during his retreat. In his lair the present Mr.
Wilson, a good Presbyterian, found some years ago
two guineas when felling the trees and removing the
brush. At the end of about a fortnight Mr. Glendy
decided to attempt an escape. From a woman,
called Sarah McQuirken, he obtained a petticoat,
cloak, bonnet and a pair of Martens (stockings with-
out feet.) He donned these garments, dressed his
long hair in female fashion and crept from his lair.
He was discovered and almost captured at the very
beginning. Two men observed him and one of
them cried out, "By Heaven that is Glendy!" and
prepared to give chase. The other, however, was a
good Presbyterian. He seized his companion, who
was a magistrate, an Episcopalian, and a bigoted
Tory, and said : "Well, if it is Glendy you and I
will have no part in putting the rope around his
neck." He held him until Mr. Glendy disappeared.
Making towards Tobermore, Mr. Glendy met a lady
whom he knew he could trust and the lady walked
to Tobermore, almost two miles, with him. They
46 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
went by the public road and they met a company of
soldiers. The lady's presence, however, saved Mr.
Glendy, and he made his way without much diffi-
culty to Derry, and from Derry to America. When
saying farewell to the lady, he told her that if he
reached America in safety he would send her a silver
spoon. He kept his promise, and the silver spoon
is at present in possession of one of the lady's grand-
daughters. He also sent Sarah McQuirken a sum
of money with which to buy clothes in place of those
he had taken. She did not, however, have this
pleasure, for she remarked somewhat plaintively to
a neighbor, "My mither bought a coo with it."
Dr. Glendy is not the only distinguished son of
Maghera, though they were not all ;so pitilessly
thrust out as he had been. Hundreds of the best of
the Presbyterian congregation have come to the
United States, to the British Colonies and to the
larger towns of Great Britain and Ireland. Of very
few of these has failure been registered. The Pres-
byterians of South Derry possess the best qualities
of the Ulster Scot, shrewdness, sobriety, thrift, dog-
ged perseverance and indomitable courage, and they
have distinguished themselves wherever they went.
In Maghera have grown up some of the ablest min-
isters of our church — men like Revs. Jackson Gra-
ham, W. McCullagh, Joseph Barkley, Thomas Lytle,
John MacMillan and Robert G. Milling. Rev. Wil-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 47
liam Patterson, the distinguished minister of Beth-
any Church, Philadelphia, is a Maghera man, and
the great Dr. Cooke was baptized in Maghera by
Rev. John Glendy."
All honor to the little town. Our Lord did not
despise a little town in the day of his birth, and he
seems ever since with peculiar providence to bring
forward the little fellows of the little towns, that He
may make of them the mighty ones of earth and
through them build up the great enterprises of men.
Today Maghera congregation, stronger than when
Mr. Glendy left it so distracted and disrupted more
than one hundred years ago, sends the greeting of
her I, IOC souls across the Atlantic to the congrega-
tion he did so much to organize upon his coming to
Baltimore, today full of vitality and zeal. But
though the Maghera of today may be much the same
as the Maghera of the days of Dr. Glendy, the Balti-
more of today is vastly different from the little
struggling city which greeted him upon his arrival.
Maghera may well be proud of him ; America is glad
she did not keep him.
At Derry, being joined by his faithful wife, he
was compelled to embark on an old, unseaworthy
vessel, crowded with immigrants as eager as him-
self to escape the rigorous persecution of a narrow-
minded statesmanship. Soon after putting to sea,
the passengers and crew were forced to man the
48 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
pumps to keep the old hulk afloat. It was with the
greatest difficulty they made harbor at Norfolk, Va.,
sometime in the year 1799. The poor emigrants
were in such a wretched condition that the captain
of the vessel, taking pity upon them, requested Dr.
Glendy to preach for their benefit in the courthouse
of the town, for there was no Presbyterian Church
in the place. The sermon must have been one of
marked power, for several distinguished lawyers
were thereby influenced to make inquiry into Dr.
Glendy's previous history, and upon ascertaining,
extended to both Dr. Glendy and his worthy wife,
who had shared all his perils and labors with loyal
devotion, a most cordial welcome, while all the good
people of the town vied to do them honor. Dr.
Glendy soon found that he was not robust enough to
stand the climate of Norfolk, and upon the advice of
a physician, went to Staunton, Va. He had not
been there very long until he was called to assume
the pastoral care of two churches — Staunton and
Bethel — both in Augusta county, Va. These con-
gregations he supplied for two years.
While preaching in these obscure places he became
acquainted with Thomas Jefferson, then President of
the United States, who greatly admired him and
invited him to Washington for a visit. His sermon
preached in Washington attracted much attention,
which, together with Jefferson's fondness for him,
ROBERT JEFFERSON BRECKINRIDGE, D. D.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 49
soon noised abroad his fame and made him prom-
inent in the minds of the Presbyterians of Baltimore
as a worthy successor of the great Dr. Patrick
IN THE DAYS OF DR. GLENDY.
The Story of the minority in the election which
followed the death of Dr. Allison and their with-
drawal from the membership of the First Church to
form the Second Presbyterian Congregation and
their calling Dr. John Glendy has already been told
in these pages.
It will be readily seen from the foregoing that the
Second Presbyterian Church had no struggling
beginning, but at once stepped out upon the field of
action, strong and vigorous, well equipped in means,
in brain, in religious conviction and courage, with a
leader of tried character and known ability and
ripened experience as pastor and preacher. Of the
congregations which crowded the church in those
days, an early writer says: "As the church was
built expressly for him, it was crowded for many
years and great harmony prevailed. It is to be
hoped that much good was done, as there were many
who took pews who had never attached themselves
to any church before."
When the new church was ready for the congrega-
tion there was found to be an applicant for nearly
every pew. The list of those purchasing or renting
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH,
pews, for that was the invariable system pursued in
those days, made out the 2d of July, 1804, is as fol-
lows, together with number of the pew bought or
I Jno.,Thos. and Wm.
18 Thomas Dobbin.
19 James Beaman.
2 Alex. Mitchell.
20 John Lee and Dr.
3 David Stodder and
21 P. Clopper.
4 Wales and Clopper.
22. James Hambleton.
5 Abm. Van Bibber.
23 Talbot Jones.
6 Joseph Spear.
24 John Henderson.
•7 John Gooding and
25 John and William
8 David Burke.
26 Benj. C. Calhoun.
9 Alex. Gallagher.
27 Wm. Thompson.
10 James Ramsey.
28 John Spedden.
II Captain John Cun-
29 Wm. Lee Forman.
30 Captain Carr.
12 Thomas Greer and
31 Ralph Smith.
32 Captain Chase.
13 Dr. Smull.
33 James Calwell.
14 Samuel McKim.
34 Nath'l. Thompson.
15 S. Vickery.
35 Thomas Colwell.
16 Dr. Coulter.
36 Samuel Williams.
17 Joseph Kidder.
37 George Stiles.
ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
38 James Biays.
62 James Sloan.
39 John Hollins.
6^ Samuel Smith.
40 James Hiitton.
64 Hugh McCurdy.
41 Hugh Neilson.
65 John McKim, Jr.
42 James Purviance.
66 John Kennedy.
43 Andrew Parks.
6y Kennedy Long.
44 WilHam Pechin.
68 Wm. Patterson, Jr.
45 H. Alricks.
69 M. McBlair.
46 Wm. McDonald and
70 John Borland.
71 David Cochran and
47 John Barron and
72 Theodk. Bland.
48 James Fulton.
73 Snyman and Lamb.
49 John Riddell.
74 James Gunn.
50 G. Gordon.
75 John McKane and
51 Hugh Hazleton.
N. G. Bryson.
52 Robert Dun woody.
76 Patk. Dinsmore and
53 Lyon & Sweeting.
54 James Beatty.
yy Wm. Southward.
55 William Vance.
78 Hans Crewy.
56 Cumberland Dugan.
79 Robert Lawson and
57 Dr. Aitkin.
58 William Norris.
80 Nathaniel Andrews.
59 Henry Payson.
81 Wm. Wilson.
60 James Armstrong.
82 Matthew Steen.
61 Thos. McElderry.
83 Ed. N. Clopper.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
84 Mrs. Galbraith.
85 Andrew Cross.
86 H. Buckler.
87 Wm. Hazlett.
88 John Mclntyre.
89 James Martin.
90 Joseph Smith.
91 Dr. J. C. White.
92 Thomas Moore and
93 John Parks.
94 Joel M, Munson.
95 William Barney.
96 Alexander Brown.
97 Warner & Hanna.
98 Rev. Dr. Glendy.
99 John Haslip and
100 Daniel Peters and
104 James Thompson.
105 Wm. McConkey.
106 Wm. McCormick.
107 Abraham Davidson.
John Neilson and
and Jos. Bryan.
129 James Long.
54 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
130 Geo. Milleman (ar- 140 J. Kennedy and J.
chitect of church.) BailHe.
131 Robert Spencer. 141 John Henry.
132 Wm. Neilson and 142 James Craig.
John Duncan. 143 Robert Herring and
133 John Morrow.
134 William Stirling. 144 Robert Graham.
135 P. Caughey and 145 Daniel Davidson.
John Monteith. 146 Henry Starr.
136 Christian Stemner. 147
137 John Bryson. 148
138 Anthony Law. 149 Henry Long.
139 Lawson Newman. 150 Dr. Crawford.
In 1805 Dr. Glendy was appointed chaplain of the
House of Representatives and ten years later, 181 5,
by resolution of the Senate and the acquiescence of
his session, served the Senate in the same capacity.
Will it startle the Second Presbyterian Congrega-
tion of today when they learn that their first pastor
wore a gown? And that the same committee ap-
pointed td purchase the first communion set for the
congregation, March 11, 1805, was also to purchase
the gown ? This pulpit costume must certainly have
presented a striking contrast to his everyday attire,
which, as Boulden says, "was like that of the fine
old reverend gentlemen — short breeches and knee
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 55
buckles, hair powdered and queued." In May, 1805,
Dr. Glendy's name appears upon the roll of the Gen-
eral Assembly as a delegate from Baltimore Pres-
bytery. It soon became apparent to the congrega-
tion that they must take steps to secure a burial
ground for the proper care of their sacred dead.
Investigation was begun of available ground which
resulted in a definite report to the committee in ses-
sion May 13, 1806, which report and action is re-
corded in the following language : "The committee
was informed by one of its members that General S.
Smith had generously offered to accommodate the
congregation with two acres of land for a burying
ground, situated on the road to Belair, near where it
intersects the road leading to Fell's Point, and on the
same terms that he obtained it at auction, which is
$ — per acre and interest thereon from the day
Whereupon, resolved that the president be re-
quested to convey to General Smith the thanks of the
committee in behalf of the congregation for his gen-
erosity and liberality, in this instance so conspicu-
That Messrs. Thomas McElderry and Thomas
Dickson proceed to have the said lots surveyed,
fenced with posts and rails, and laid out in suitable
lots for a burying ground.
56 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
It will readily be seen that these two men had no
small task assigned them, but as if to suggest its lit-
tleness in their eyes the committee at the same meet-
ing appointed a committee of three to procure a cur-
tain for the pulpit and a carpet for the stairs.
In this same year the congregation leased from
John McKim a piece of ground on the west end of
the church having a frontage of eight feet on York
street at an annual rental of $4 per front foot. This
lease was executed September 22, 1806, and recorded
January 28, 1807.
The purchase of a burial ground from General
Smith seems to have been abandoned for some rea-
son, for the committee bought December 24, 1807, a
piece of ground for that purpose. The deed was
recorded February 28, 1808.
This piece of ground contained about two acres,
so the deed states, and cost at auction $1,051, "good
and lawful money." It was considered at that time
to be an immense distance from the city, being situ-
ated in what was known as Cole's Addition, on the
northwest side of the Belair Road (now Gay street),
fronting 170 feet on this road and containing about
two acres. This came to be known as the Glendy
burying ground, situated when Boulden wrote, at
the head of Broadway, fronting on Gay street. This
burial ground was enclosed by a substantial brick
wall. In the course of a very short time there was
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 57
built within this "God's acre" those massive stone
mausoleums which still defy time's fiercest assaults.
It is not too high a tribute to pay to the farsighted-
ness of the guiding spirits of the Second Church to
say that while other churches were content with a
burying ground around their church building, these
men, by thus purchasing a burial ground far from the
centre of the city, indicated a wisdom prophetic of
the city's future prosperity and expansiveness, quite
remarkable for those days. They were the business
and professional men of the city in their day and did
much to shape its commercial policy and were in
themselves the assurance of its ultimate success and
This burying ground has had a most interesting
history and one which, recalling the names of the
loyal dead entombed there, will be found to occupy no
insignificant place as a "Mecca" for sturdy Presbyte-
rians seeking an inspiration in the hallowed names
of "long ago," and for citizens seeking to pay tribute
to the worth of men who helped to make our city
great. We must defer, however attractive the
theme, the consideration of those sacred names until
the proper time for recording its passing out of the
hands of the trustees of the Second Presbyterian
Church into the custody of the Presbyterian Associa-
tion. There occurred no event worthy of record
until the year 1811, a momentous one for the con-
5<S ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
gregation, for then they elected and ordained their
first Session. The record reads : "On the last Lord's
day in April, 1811, in strict conformity with the
principle and discipline of the Presbyterian Church,
the undernamed members of this congregation were
ordained elders by their stated pastor with the unani-
mous approbation of said worshipping society, viz :
Alexander Brown, James Sloan, James Beatty, Wil-
liam Vance, Robert Steuart, William McDonald,
William McConkey, William Camp and John Craw-
ford. At the first meeting of the session James
Beatty was elected Session Clerk. The Committee
still continued to transact the temporal affairs of the
congregation, leaving the conduct of the spiritual
entirely in the hands of the Session. There was pur-
chased in this year by the Committee for the use of
the congregation a bier and pall, the pall to be of
"cotton velvet with fringe and tassels." This was
done at a cost of $90.
The picture of the old church, which is in posses-
sion of the Peabody Library of this city, presents the
church building with neither wall nor railing sur-
rounding it, but there is before us in the records of
this committee that the old wall, the front wall of
the church yard, was ordered torn down and to be
rebuilt with two gates for entrance. This order
resulted, perhaps, in the wall surmounted by an iron
fence, which is shown about the church, in an old
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 59
picture in the possession of Mr. Frank R. Haynes,
now of our Session.
Dr. Joseph T. Smith, in his excellent history of
the Second Church contained in his book entitled
"Eighty Years," says: "In 1814 we find the first
notice of offering for the extension of the kingdom,
etc.," this should be corrected, for we find that Dr.
Glendy, who had been appointed a delegate of the
Presbytery to attend the General Assembly in 181 1,
was authorized to contribute for the congregation
$60 to the missionary fund.
One of the first duties to which the session
directed its attention, February 10, 181 2, was the
matter of regular attendance upon the afternoon ser-
vice (now it is the evening service, a very old
problem, you will perceive), and it was resolved
unanimously that each member of the Session shall,
as far as counsel and example can influence, begin-
ning with his own family, urge and entreat a more
reverential attention to the public duties of the
Christian Sabbath." That was a wise and righteous
beginning. They leave us wondering what the
result may have been.
The Session this year began to hold its meetings
quarterly. There must have been in the Session an
elder who believed in the apostolic character of the
Presbyterian Church, for in 181 3 we find them
discussing the question of the duty and advisability
60 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
of increasing their number to the number of the
Apostles. Strange duties, too, were laid upon Dr.
Glendy, who was ordered by the committee to see
that the sexton "have all the pews and the wooden
work of the church completely washed out (hardly )
with pearl ashes and water and that afterwards he
shall keep the house well swept out so as to keep it
free from dust and that the house should be well
aired every Saturday."
Agreeable to the rules of the General Assembly a
report presented by the pastor to the Session Jan-
uary 27, 1 8 14, states that up to November 21,
181 2, he had baptized 2 adults and 93 infants, and
that 52 communicants were added to the church and
that the year ending November 21, 181 3, he had
baptized 5 adults and 89 infants and that 51 com-
municants had been added to the church. Upon
reading this record one feels torn between a desire
to sing with the psalmist, "Blessed is the man who
hath his quiver filled with those," and to quote the
record in the acts, "believers were the more added to
The custom seems to have originated in this year
of appointing elders at each communion to provide
the elements for the Sacrament.
Thomas Sheppard was elected and ordained an
elder and another contribution made to the mission-
ary fund of the General Assembly, this time amount-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 6l
ing to $50, while a like sum was paid to the Presby-
tery towards finishing the education of a student of
theology. The commissioners to the General
Assembly that year were also instructed to pledge
the congregation "at as early a day as possible, 10
make a public collection for the support of a Theo-
For some time prior to the year 181 7 a grave con-
troversy had arisen in the church as to the propriety
of admitting into membership persons holding Arian
or Socinian doctrines, which culminated in the Pres-
bytery of Baltimore sending down to the churches
the following order, to be read from the pulpit:
Resolved unanimously that it be the duty of pastors
and Sessions in admitting persons to sealing ordin-
ances, whether on examination or certificate, to en-
quire particularly into their profession of the doc-
trines above mentioned and of their views of the
character of our Saviour, and to exclude from these
ordinances all persons professing Arian or Socinian
doctrines, or denying the essential divinity of Christ ;
or, if admitted, to exclude from these ordinances
after proper and Christian endeavor to reclaim them
from their errors." After the deliberations of two
sessional meetings, the matter was indefinitely post-
poned. We are constrained to believe from reasons
of a politic character, as Dr. John Breckinridge
shows in his introductory statement to the roll of the
62 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
congregation as compiled by him : "I never received
any list of former members from the senior pastor,
and on being applied to at the time of leaving us, he
declined to give one. Many persons who had once
communed with the church withdrew from its com-
munion in the winter of 1826-27 (tbe time of Dr.
Breckinridge's coming to the Second Church) on a
discovery of the fact, that they had mistaken entirely
the nature of a Christian profession. Some have
been readmitted on a profession of faith in Christ
and obedience to Him ; some have never been known
to me and many of this character are now in the con-
gregation, but from the peculiar circumstances of the
church they have been permitted to withdraw with-
out any act of discipline."
That question, which has arisen like "Banquo's
ghost," to trouble the deliberations of so many Pres-
byteries, as to the presence in court, as Presbyters, of
those lacking a pastoral charge, seems to be of long
standing, if we are to judge from the attitude of the
session of the Second Church on the subject Novem-
ber 18, 1 819. This resolution was passed: "That
our representatives to the next stated meeting of
Presbytery, be instructed to remonstrate against pay-
ing the expenses of members attending the Presby-
tery, except such as have charges to represent." In
1 82 1 they decided to pay the expenses of only their
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 63
The office of collector of pew rents was evidently
no sinecure in those days, for it carried with it a
salary, and frequently necessitated upon the part of
the Board of Trustees a resolution such as the fol-
lowing of November 29, 1819 : "Resolved, That an
advertisement be inserted in two of the newspapers
of this city for a collector and a sexton." He must
also give bond in the sum of $2,000 for the faithful
performance of the trust imposed upon him.
There are two items of importance decided upon
during the year 1820. During that year the Sab-
bath school was organized with thirteen pupils, all
females, as Dr. Smith informs us. For their in-
struction teachers were assigned to the number of
twenty-three, who taught in rotation. The session
also appointed a committee to select a site and make
an estimate for building "a Sabbath day school and
Session house for the use of the congregation."
There does not appear upon our church records
any account of the founding of this school, except
one little item in the minutes of 1824, but we have a
record of the organization of "The Second Presby-
terian Church Male Sabbath School Society," at a
meeting of a number of the male members of the
church, held March 5, 1821. They adopted a con-
stitution, in which they stated their object to be "to
promote the religious instruction of male children by
teaching them to read the scriptures." It was their
64 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
purpose to reach the children of non-church goers, in
which they met with a fair measure of success, for in
the annual report of the secretary for 1823, he com-
plains of some subscribers to the society who refused
to become subscribers for another year and adds:
"The very evident effect of such institutions (Sab-
bath schools) in moralizing youths who have been
disgraces to society and annoyances to the quietness
and peacefulness of the Sabbath is too well known
to be particularly noticed here. We ourselves can
vouch for the beneficial results of Sabbath school
teaching. Boys of the most profane and unruly
habits manifest a sorrow for their past conduct and
have become regardful of that day, which served
only to them as a holiday for the commission of mis-
chief and vice. This proves that their depravity is
owing to the neglect of their parents and shows that
they can be directed successfully into the paths of
virtue. The report shows the attendance to have
been ''from 18 to 20 regular scholars during the
spring, summer and fall. There are from 30 to 35
on the receiving book." Not a very large school,
but the beginning of the splendid results of today.
More of this anon.
The first officers of this society were Gen. William
McDonald, president; George G. Hobson, secretary
and treasurer ; Mr. John Wilson, Col. William Stew-
art and Mr. Adam Kyle, managers; Mr. W. H.
LEWIS WARNER GREEN, D. D.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 6$
Dr. Glendy was accustomed to attend the school
and open the session with prayer, but in 1823 asked
to be reHeved, pleading that duty would not permit
him to come. He asked if the society approved of
the attendance of Mr. B. T. Walsh, superintendent of
a school on the Point, who had kindly volunteered his
services. What strong pleas for support that noble
band of men who officered the school sent out in
their annual reports ! We wish we could reproduce
them in toto here.
Who could better express the object of a Sabbath
school? "It is not merely," they say, "to teach the
children to read. No, that is but a small part of the
business. The great object of a Sabbath school is to
form religious habits among the children — to point
out God as their Heavenly Father and Christ their
only Saviour." Sadly they complain of their lack
of ability to teach or to show forth those qualities,
spoken of as so necessary, and then under the sense
of their great responsibility and the crying need of
the children, they burst out, "Come lend us your
heart and hands to lead these little ones up to the
Throne of Grace. Everyone of them has an im-
mortal spirit. Everyone of them has an eternity
before him — a heaven to enjoy; a hell to escape or
endure. We speak not in our own name nor in the
name of our cause. We speak in the name and
cause of Our Master."
66 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Under such a spiritual management there was
rapid growth. The children studied and recited por-
tions of scripture, hymns and the catechism. Ex-
aminations were held once a quarter in the presence
of the parents to whom also a suitable address was
to be made. A visiting committee was appointed at
the annual meeting in 1824 who were to visit the
scholars in their homes and so secure their more reg-
ular attendance. The committee consisted of twelve
men, each one to serve a month in the year.
In 1826 Mr, T. S. Anderson became the superin-
tendent of the school, which was every year render-
ing flattering reports of progress in numbers and
efficiency. Each year they elected five delegates to
attend the Maryland Sunday School Union, which
must have been formed but a short time previously.
In 1827 Mr. Wallace Kincaid became the superinten-
dent of the school.
The importance of keeping a faithful and accurate
record of the transactions of a congregation requires
no demonstration here, though we may be pardoned
this litle criticism on the worthy James Beatty, first
clerk of the Session, since we find spread upon his
minute book the following items in a bill of excep-
tions by Presbytery's examining committee :
3. That several persons are recommended as
elders and afterwards act as such without any min-
ute being made of their election and ordination.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. dj
4. That no mention is made of the examination
or admission of persons to the communion.
This stricture was productive of beneficial results,
for at the next meeting of the Session, November 21,
1 82 1, the pastor reported "that eleven members were
added to the church at the last communion after min-
isterial instruction and examination."
The question of the terms of the call to Dr. Glendy
and the amount of salary stipulated was evidently a
matter of discussion this year, for at a meeting of the
committee, December 10, 1821, after hearing the
statement of Dr. Glendy and upon his retiring the
Board took the subject into "serious consideration''
and resolved unanimously that Dr. Glendy's salary
should be $2,100 in full for house rent and salary.
To this Dr. Glendy agreed. In 1822 the church was
first lighted with lamps, the necessary committee
being appointed to procure and install them.
CHOOSING A COLLEAGUE.
Owing to the enfeebled condition of their pastor,
the congregation was very desirous of securing for
him a colleague or assistant, but knowing how averse
to such an arrangement the Doctor was, were very
reluctant about suggesting it to him. They decided
to take the Presbytery into their confidence and act
upon their advice. The Presbytery appointed the
Rev, Elias Harrison, D. D,, a very close friend of
Dr, Glendy's, to perform the delicate mission. Dr.
Harrison found the aged minister seated in his chair,
the very picture of woe, he being at that time in the
midst of one of his periodical spells of depression.
Though the day was very warm, the doors and win-
dows were all tightly closed, while to insure no possi-
ble ill results from any possible draughts, the Doctor
had on a hat stuffed with cotton or wool, and
wrapped about him a heavy winter cloak. He
looked to be in the very last stages of decline. But
the instant a cautious word or two made known the
object of his brother's visit, he was all animation and
He was evidently very angry, though showing no
impoliteness (he never could) to the visiting brother
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 69
and proved his anger both by look and word. His
anger was directed against the Presbytery, which,
he said, had transcended the Hmits of its allotted
functions. He also expressed great surprise that his
young and greatly esteemed brother, generally so
very judicious, had consented to have any agency in
so small a concern. He then proposed a walk, which
was evidently good medicine, for upon his return he
said he felt better and promised to give the matter
consideration, which was proof enough that he was
Soon after this interview with Dr. Harrison and
as a result of this "consideration," he sent the fol-
lowing letter to the Session, meeting November 22,
1825, bearing date of November 21, 1825. The
letter reads as follows :
"Dr. Glendy presents his affectionate compliments
to the members of Session and Committee and Con-
gregation of the Second Presbyterian Church, earn-
estly and anxiously requesting to know what portion
of ministerial duties will be expected or required of
him, after that you have elected his colleague. When
his health and the state of the weather will permit
he shall be ever ready and willing to render any min-
isterial duties in his power. Heaven only knows,
but in all human possibility in the common course of
events he cannot long survive to be a tax on your
70 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
"If it shall please the Most High to prolong his
days until the 17th of February next, he will have
been 50 years (half a century) a preacher of the
everlasting Gospel of Jesus Christ our Lord. On
the 24th day of June last he closed the seventieth
year of his age. Pray, is the record of your book
a sufficient guarantee for the new contract about to
be made between the committee, the legal representa-
tives of the congregation, and the stated pastor? Be
pleased to instruct him how soon and on what terms
and for what length of time he shall invite a min-
ister on trial.
"Suffer him to counsel you; do not let it be for
less time than four or six weeks. There are too
many uneducated youths licensed to preach the Gos-
pel in the United States, especially among the — .
An ignorant minister is a disgrace to Presbyterian-
ism and Christianity. 'If the blind lead the blind,'
said our Blessed Lord, 'both shall fall into the ditch.'
You shall have a trial, if God spare me, of the first
talents and literary attainments and unaffected elocu-
tion within the bounds of the General Assembly of
the Presbyterian Church. Do not, I pray you, be
too hasty in your choice. Your minister feels deeply
interested on the occasion. To the grace of God and
His holy keeping, I recommend you all. Amen."
Dr. Glendy was requested by the Session to aid
the Session clerk with a form of application to be
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. yi
addressed to several clergymen. The following was
sent to Dr. Greene, of Princeton Seminary, and is
worth reproducing as presenting the Doctor's ideas
of the essential qualifications of a minister of Jesus
Christ and a fit associate in the pastorate of the Sec-
ond Presbyterian Church :
Baltimore, November 24, 1825.
Dear Sir: The Rev. Dr. Glendy, stated pastor
of the Second Presbyterian Church in this city, hav-
ing communicated to the congregation his deter-
mined resolution to have a colleague, conscientiously
advised the Session to apply to you, sir, whose talents
and principles and high standing in the Presbyterian
Church they duly appreciate. They do, therefore,
earnestly desire that you would have the goodness to
recommend a candidate for said ministerial office.
That he may be successful the following qualifica-
tions are required : He must be sound in the faith ;
his religion without guile. His gravity must not be
a mysterious carriage of the body, to conceal the
defects of the mind, but a medium, equi-distant from
levity and monkish austerity. He ought to possess
rich talents, the gift of Heaven, burnished by a lib-
eral education. He ought to be a polished scholar
and complete gentleman. He ought to be constitu-
tionally eloquent, superior to the studied oratory of
the pulpit. He ought to have the command of Ian-
^2 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
guage and felicity of address ; above all the glory of
God and the salvation of mankind. He ought not
to read his sermons from the pulpit. Nothing less
than four Lord's days will be admitted as the time of
trial to any candidate."
The congregation had already decided November
6, 1825, to call a colleague and took the necessary
steps, fixing the amount of salary and appointing a
committee to confer with Dr. Glendy as to a relin-
quishment of a portion of his salary.
On the 17th of November the Committee of the
congregation, after hearing the report of the com-
mittee appointed to confer with Dr. Glendy, and
after having the provisions of the call to Dr. Glendy
read, agreed to pay to the Rev. Dr. Glendy during
his life the sum of $1,200 per annum, to commence
on the second day of January, 1826.
The Committee's action was agreed to by the con-
gregation at its meeting November 21, 1825, when
it was also stated that the venerable pastor had ex-
pressed his cheerful acquiescence in what had been
decided upon. On the 23rd of March following
(1826) the congregation met to elect a colleague to
Dr. Glendy. An appropriate discourse was preached
by the Moderator, the Rev. Dr. Nevins. Three
names were placed before the congregation — Rev.
James W. Alexander, Rev. John Brackenridge (as
it is spelled in the report of the meeting and as we
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 73
find it also in the report of the General Assembly)
and the Rev. William Ashmead. Mr. Alexander
was elected by a large majority on the first ballot.
Mr. Alexander declined the call and arrangements
were soon completed for the calling of Rev. John
Brackenridge, which was consummated by the con-
gregation at a meeting held the loth of July, 1826,
Mr. Brackenridge receiving every vote of those pres-
ent. He was allowed a compensation of $300 for
expenses incident to moving his household to Balti-
more and because he had a family, latis Deo, they in-
creased his salary the first year by $200.
On September i, 1829, the congregation, after
much distressing controversy, largely arising out of
the failure of the church to secure an efficient treas-
urer, and partly because Dr. Glendy had kept an ac-
counting with the church on loose scraps of paper,
which made it almost impossible to determine with
accuracy the amount of salary due, made a final set-
tlement with Dr. Glendy, paying to him the amount
awarded by a board of arbitration, viz: $4,130, cur-
Presbytery met on the 6th of November, 1829,
and after hearing the resolutions and applications of
the Second Presbyterian Congregation for the disso-
lution of the Pastoral relation subsisting between
them and the Rev. John Glendy and that the Rev.
John Breckinridge be declared sole Pastor, cited Dr.
74 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Glendy to appear before Presbytery at their next
meeting on the nth of November to show cause, if
there be any, why this appHcation of the congrega-
tion should not be granted.
In obedience to this citation, Dr. Glendy appeared
and stated that he considered the pastoral relation
between him and the second Congregation dissolved
in fact though not in form on 31st of August when
the terms of agreement between him and the Com-
mittee representing the Congregation, were complied
with; that he had scrupulously abstained from per-
forming any pastoral services for the congregation
and that he now accjuiesced in the dissolution of the
pastoral relation by the Presbytery. Whereupon, it
was on motion Resolved, that the pastoral relation
heretofore subsisting between Dr. Glendy and the
Second Presbyterian Church be and the same is here-
by dissolved and the Rev. John Breckinridge is rec-
ognized by the Presbytery as the sole pastor of the
Dr. Glendy, soon after this removed to Phila-
delphia, where he passed the remainder of his days,
dying, after a protracted and painful illness, October
4, 1832, being 72 years of age. His remains were
brought to Baltimore and interred by the side of
those of his wife and child, near the centre of the
church burying ground, which was called by his
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 75
The congregation had been apprised of the death
of their former pastor and of the time at which the
remains might be expected from Philadelphia. The
ladies of the congregation tastefully draped the pul-
pit of the church, where the funeral obsequies were
to be held, in black. It was the afternoon of the Sab-
bath when the vessel was expected, and very early an
immense throng of people (the congregation ad-
journing for the purpose) gathered on the wharf,
solemnly and patiently waiting hour after hour until
the belated vessel in the dusk of the evening made
fast to her dock. The church, too, was filled with
those who had heard him so intently in times past,
gathered to pay the last token of esteem to his mem-
ory. Even the enclosure outside was a dense mass
of people. When the funeral cortege approached the
people respectfully made a way, standing on either
side with bowed heads, like living walls.
A Mr. Gibson made an appropriate address from
the pulpit and a Mr. Williams an "excellent''
prayer. The long, solemn procession was formed to
convey the remains to the cemetery. At the side of
the tomb there were impressive exercises, closing
with prayer by Rev. Mr. Phelps.
In the procession, walking the long, dusty way in
the moonlight to the cemetery might have been seen
little girls and boys and even women with children in
their arms, bearing cheerful testimony to their love
and respect for the memory of the man of God.
76 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Of his personal appearance we have very good
authority in one who, knowing him, writes thus:
"He was singularly neat, even elegant in his dress.
His hair was thrown into artificial curls and pow-
dered as white as the snows of Mont Blanc. His
complexion was pale, his eye intensely blue, his ges-
ticulation animated and graceful, but somewhat pro-
fuse. He read the hymns with an eye glass, but the
Scriptures with spectacles, and in due time dashed off
into his discourse with a rapidity of utterance which
would have distanced the King of Pylos or John C.
The sermon was a perfect torrent of Irish elo-
quence. His voice as sweet as the harp of David,
but as unlike as possible to the horns that demolished
the walls of Jericho. The whole impression pro-
duced by his preaching was at the time perfectly de-
lightful, though I cannot say it was very enduring.
Privately, he was fond of saying agreeable things
and never lost the opportunity of saying so up to the
full measure of a good conscience.
He was very regular in attendance upon Presby-
tery. Once being obliged to be absent he sent a note
saying he was in a state of "suspended animation."
Dr. Glendy was very popular, for he was a natural
orator of lively imagination, and though he spoke
rapidly, it was with clearest enunciation, and his
voice was such that he could be heard great dis-
tances, even in the open air.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. JJ
During his prime, or until age began to enfeeble
his powers, he filled the old church, large as it was,
with "the most attentive and respectable congrega-
The people whom he gathered under his ministry
were of the active and enterprizing citizens of Bal-
timore, those who helped to lay the foundations of
its commercial prosperity, and its various institu-
tions of benevolence, learning and religion. These
have all, with the good old Doctor, passed through
"the valley of the shadow ," yet leaving behind the
indelible impress of their sterling virtues and posi-
Dr. Glendy's manner of giving notices from the
pulpit was productive of many surprises to the con-
gregation. When a minister for whose ability in
some manner he had conceived a very poor opinion
was to preach, he announced, in his presence, that a
"backwoodsman" was to preach to them.
The congregation was very much surprised at the
Doctor's pointed reference, but still more surprised
when the "backwoodsman" delivered an impressive,
lucid and solemn discourse. Dr. Glendy, more sur-
prised than anyone, made his amends by announcing
that "the same eloquent and greatly beloved brother
would preach again at night."
It was Dr. Glendy's custom to preach when the op-
portunity offered to the inmates of the penitentiary.
78 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
One Sabbath morning in announcing the service of
the afternoon, he is said to have remarked, that his
audience in the afternoon would be fit only for the
penitentiary. The startled congregation did not re-
cover from the shock for sometime and for days af-
terward the Doctor was kept busy explaining just
what he meant.
One Sabbath, toward the close of his ministry,
when the pulpit was frequently supplied by other
ministers, two clergymen were present to preach, the
one to preach in the morning being considered heret-
ical by his brother minister who was to officiate in
the afternoon. The morning sermon was therefore
a great trial, so much so that he must needs write
a note to Dr. Glendy, begging to be excused from
preaching in the afternoon because the morning ser-
mon had seriously deranged his mind and incapaci-
tated him for the duty.
Dr. Glendy very solemnly announced to his aston-
ished people that the minister to whom they had ex-
pected to listen had become mentally deranged and
thus was physically incapacitated.
This came to the ears of the brother and upon ex-
pressing his angry surprise at the announcement
made, was shown his own note in justification, and
had nothing to say.
Dr. Glendy was rather short of stature, and for
want of a footstool behind the pulpit, when preach-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 79
ing away from home, took the great pulpit Bible
down and placing it on the floor, stood upon it and
preached his sermon.
Being called to account for this seeming disrespect
to the Word of God by his brethren of the Presby-
tery, his defense delivered in an unusually grave and
solemn manner was that he did not intend to show
irreverence to the Word of God ; he had stood upon
the Bible from his earliest years, almost from his
cradle ; that it was the basis of all his hopes and that
thus standing upon the Apostles and Prophets in the
higher sense, it was not very likely he intended to
insult them by standing on them in a different sense.
THE PASTORATE OF JOHN BRECKINRIDGE, D. D.
The joint pastorate of Revs. Dr. Glendy and Rev.
John Breckinridge was entered upon in 1826, Mr,
Breckinridge having been elected the colleague of
Dr. Glendy, the loth of July.
John Breckinridge was the son of Hon. John
Breckinridge, of Kentucky, United States Attorney-
General under Thomas Jefferson. He was born at
Cabell's Dale, near Lexington, Ky., July 4th, 1797.
His mother, Mary Cabell, of Virginia, died when
he was but nine years of age. He prepared for col-
lege in Kentucky and entered Princeton in the fall
of 1814, and graduated with high honors in 1818,
when he was but 21 years of age.
John Breckinridge was designed for the legal pro-
fession, but during his course in college he was
found of Christ and resolved to devote his life to the
ministry. At that time he was the only professing
Christian in his family.
During the years 1 820-1, he acted as a tutor in
Princeton College and at the same time pursued his
studies in the Theological Seminary.
He was licensed to preach the Gospel by the Pres-
bytery of New Brunswick, in 1822. During 1823
JOSEPH T. SMITH, D. D., LL. D.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 8l
he was chaplain of the United States House of Rep-
He was married January 20, 1823, to Miss Mar-
garet Miller, daughter of Rev. Samuel Miller, D. D.,
of Princeton, N. J. The young couple, in entire con-
secration had intended to devote their lives to the
work of Foreign Missions, but circumstances chang-
ed their anticipations, and in the spring of 1823, Mr.
Breckinridge accepted a call to the McChord Presby-
terian Church, of Lexington, Ky. May 22, 1823,
he became a member of the West Lexington Presby-
tery and on September loth of the same year, was
ordained and installed the pastor of the congrega-
tion whose call he had accepted. For three years he
labored in this pastorate, greatly beloved and re-
spected by all the people.
At his installation, in Baltimore, October 13,
1826, as the colleague of Dr. Glendy, his father-in-
law, Rev. Samuel Miller, D. D., Professor of Eccle-
siastical History and Church Government in Prince-
ton, preached the sermon, from the text, "For the
weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty
through God to the pulling down of strongholds."
2 Cor., 10; 4.
The congregation, during Dr. Glendy's extended
period of enforced inactivity through advancing
years, had become somewhat demoralized. There
were no meetings for prayer and, in consequence the
tide of its spiritual life was at a very low ebb.
82 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
This distressing condition was no doubt largely
brought about, too, by the controversy with Dr.
Glendy, of which mention has already been made.
To the Pauline task of correcting these abuses
which had crept in, and of stirring up their minds by
way of timely admonition and manifesting a holy
passion for the truth and the Gospel, Mr. Breckin-
ridge gave himself body and soul.
He had not been very long in the city, until in
company with Dr. Nevins, he established a Bible-
class, to which, by his genius and enthusiasm he at-
tracted a large number of young men of both con-
gregations, who, coming under the sway of the Holy
Spirit through the Word, became the ready subjects
of that great revival of the year 1827, the result of
which was not confined to the Second Church, for
the whole city was stirred and in our own two
churches alone more than two hundred confessed
Christ and were added to the church.
Of this crucial period in the history of our church
and of Mr. Breckinridge's masterly leadership, a
member of the congregation writes : "The Reverend
Mr. Breckinridge being now sole pastor of the
church, devoted himself most assiduously to the
laborious duties of his station, endeavoring with
untiring zeal to raise the standard of piety and pro-
mote the cause of pure religion in the congregation
and throughout the city, and many an awakened sin-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 83
ner will have cause throughout eternity to bless the
day that a kind Providence sent him to labor in our
The question of the practicability of burning coal
in the centre stove of the church was the consuming
one during the winter of 1827-28, and as if to show
the members of the Second Presbyterian Church, in
these "piping times of peace," how to appreciate our
blessings, the committee must needs spread upon
their minutes the sense of sadness with which they
viewed the declining condition of the choir. A com-
mittee, good and strong, was appointed to find the
cause and remedy the evil, if possible.
Their report is full of wisdom, ist. They advise
the formation of a school or schools in the congre-
gation for studying the rudiments of sacred music.
2nd. A musical society to be formed under direction
of the clerk (leader) to practice the church music
during the week. They affirm that if something like
this is not done, either the clerk must lead the con-
gregation from the desk below or "the present state
of things become perpetual."
There is one essential requirement in every church
choir, insuring at once the peace of the congregation
and the acceptableness of the praise service to God,
namely, that some member of the choir, as a true dis-
ciple of Jesus Christ, shall be a consecrated singer.
84 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
We hear nothing more from this choir for some
time and we suppose the spirit of the new pastor was
felt there as elsewhere throughout the church.
We are led to wonder upon what Dr. Glendy sat,
when in the pulpit, or did he sit down at all, for the
two pastors and John Wilson were appointed a com-
mittee " to have the pulpit so altered as to admit a
settee and a cushion to be made in the rear of it."
The church now began to assume a tone and a
power entirely different from that which character-
ized it when Mr. Breckinridge came. From Novem-
ber, 1826, to May, 1828, one hundred and three
souls had been placed upon the church rolls and
every one of the activities of the church presented a
healthy and vigorous aspect. The Sabbath school,
male and female, now proposed a branch school in
Market Space, and at a meeting of the joint commit-
tees of the two schools this mission work was at-
tempted, a superintendent and two teachers were
taken from the Home School and provisions made
for procuring the scholars and a place of meeting.
This was in December, 1827. In 1828, the consti-
tution was revised, conferring upon the superintend-
ents and teachers of the schools the authority to elect
teachers and to make by-laws for regulation of their
Teachers, then as now, were the crying need, and
though a committee searched for them they met with
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 85
but little success. By suggestion of Dr. John Breck-
inridge, the system of rewards was introduced to en-
courage attendance, etc.
After the dissolution of the pastoral relation sub-
sisting between Dr. Glendy and the congregation,
Mr. Breckinridge was declared to be full pastor, Au-
gust 31st, 1829.
Three years later the incessant and arduous labors
began to tell upon the young minister. The rupture
of a blood vessel led the congregation for a time to
apprehend fatal consequences. He at length, how-
ever, recovered, but his physician advised a situation
in which he would have more exercise and less men-
Nothing but a peremptory sense of duty, such as
the foregoing advice laid upon him, could have
tempted him to leave a people to whom he had
become so endeared. One member wrote, when the
news of the possible dissolution of the pastoral
relation was imparted, "Never was a congregation
more deeply affected, for never was a congregation
more ardently attached, and the idea of parting with
their beloved pastor was like rending asunder the
most sacred tie on earth."
On the 26th of June, 1831, Mr. Breckinridge offi-
cially communicated to the congregation, the offer
which had been tendered to him of Corresponding
Secretary to the Assembly's Board of Education,
86 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
and painful as it was, upon reference of the whole
matter to Presbytery, with Mr. Breckinridge's reas-
ons for going from the Second Church and the reas-
ons of representatives of our church arguing that he
should stay, the pastoral relation was dissolved and
the congregation was, for the first time, without a
pastor, sorrowing as they viewed this new situation,
but not as one of the elders remarked, "like the
elders at Ephesus, sorrowing most of all that they
should see his face no more." The congregation was
permitted on many subsequent occasions "to see his
face restored to health and to hear his voice pro-
claiming to us the unsearchable riches of Christ."
Mr. Breckinridge removed to Philadelphia and en-
tered upon his labors. The cause of education was
at a very low ebb. So wisely and with such zeal
and eloquence did he labor and so conspicuously did
God bless his efforts, that in the first year he in-
creased the number of beneficiaries under the Board
from about sixty to over six hundred, raising at the
same time the amount of contributions from about
$io to over $40,000, and placing the Board on a
footing of permanent prosperity.
In the year 1835, he was elected to the chair of
Pastoral Theology in Princeton Seminary, by the
General Assembly. He accepted the appointment,
after due consideration, and immediately set out as
an agent of the institution to solicit funds for its
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 8/
support throughout the church, in which he was
more than ordinarily successful.
He was inaugurated a Professor of the Seminary
at a meeting of the Board of Directors, May 5th,
1836. His services to the Seminary were attended
with evident success.
In 1838, the General Assembly for the second time
invited him to become the Financial Agent of the
Board of Foreign Missions, which had been formed
but two years before. It is thought that the death of
his wife, which occurred June 16, 1838, materially
helped him to decide to leave Princeton upon this
In his capacity as the agent of the Foreign Mis-
sion Board, he visited every part of the church, sow-
ing the seed of a foreign missionary enthusiasm
throughout the church which gave the Foreign
Board for many years a much needed impetus and
popularity. Nor has this enthusiasm ever waned.
He was called in 1839 to the pastorate of the ist
Presbyterian Church of New Orleans. Though he
declined the call, he preached for the congregation
as supply during the following winter.
In 1840, he came North again, and was married
to Miss Mary A. Babcock, of Stonington, Conn.
Retiring to New Orleans he again supplied the pulpit
of the 1st Church during the two winters of 1840
and 1 841.
88 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
His health breaking down, he left New Orleans
in May, 1841, and was just able to reach his birth-
place, Cabell's Dale, Ky.
There amid the scenes of his childhood, and sur-
rounded by every comfort which the loving and
thoughtful ministries of his wife could devise, he
gradually succumbed to the disease, bronchial con-
sumption, and passed away August 4th, 1841. He
was a great man, but he was better ; he was a good
man, and as the sequel of such a combination, was
Pleasing in his manners, in all his intercourse he
was the perfect gentleman. His pulpit work was pe-
culiarly delightful and interesting, so that he soon
became in Baltimore its most acceptable and popu-
The Presbyterian Church has seldom had in her
ministry a man more consecrated to her service than
With the boundless ardor of his youth and a burn-
ing zeal and energy, he came to Baltimore, than
whom no man was more sorely needed.
There was life, sprightliness, point in his every
public utterance. To every cause which enlisted his
sympathies he gave the same zeal. The Bible, tract.
Sabbath school, temperance, mission and coloniza-
tion schemes, received of his very best. Though
having many calls from other cities, and having had
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 89
success in all his labors elsewhere, he looked upon his
work in Baltimore as his greatest, and God blessed
him in the complete rehabilitation of the congrega-
tion and its revitalizing; and not only so, but there
was diffused throughout all the evangelical churches
of the city, a spiritual power they had not known
As an agent for the collection of funds for the
legitimate and sacred purposes of the Kingdom, he
had no equal. Everywhere he was spoken of and
everywhere the people crowded to hear him.
The late James W. Alexander, D. D., an inti-
mate friend, thus speaks of him : "The writer of
these lines knew him longer and better than any man
living ; and if we ever knew a man of whom we could
say, his faults were few and his virtues transcendent,
this was one."
He was endowed by nature with a degree of in-
trepidity of character, perhaps more properly speak-
ing, of hardihood of spirit, which made him all his
days insensible to fear, and we suppose that at any
moment during his life, this quality alone would
have enabled him to die with perfect composure.
At one time being with persons, whom he sup-
posed to be in sympathy with him and finding them,
as he thought, disposed to injure another on his ac-
count, he interposed, "Gentlemen, I beg you to for-
bear. I feel no ill-will toward those persons and have
90 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
no wrongs to be revenged. I am a Kentiicklan, in-
deed, but I am a Christian, too." He was soon unde-
ceived and discovered that he himself was the sub-
ject of their remarks, and hke a flash he rejoined,
"Gentlemen, I beg you to beware. It is true I am a
Christian, but you must remember that I am also a
At another time when he had arisen to address an
immense colonization meeting in New York city,
there was great excitement and confusion in the au-
dience and considerable hissing. Mr. Breckinridge
straightening himself, looked quietly around, his
cheeks flushed with suppressed feeling, and said,
with a smile, "I am not to be put down by hisses or
threats; I was cradled where the Indian's war
whoop yet mingled with the infant's lullaby and I
was trained by a mother whose earliest lessons
taught me, next to the fear of God, never to be afraid
of anybody. I was born a free man and by the
grace of God I mean to die a free man."
The audience was hushed to silence for a moment
and then broke out in tumultuous applause.
Dr. Breckinridge had, besides, in the highest de-
gree possible, that sense of propriety, and that per-
ception of what is becoming, which constitute the
highest charm of the behavior of a gentleman, in all
This ruling characteristic was so strong to the
very last, that some hours before his departure, he
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 9I
put his thin hand in ours and with a voice nearl)^
inaudible, but perfectly steady, said : "Do not permit
me in moments like these to do anything unbecom-
ing." To say that such a man meets the King of
Terrors with all the dignity that could illustrate the
names of heroes or philosophers, is to say nothing.
And yet there was no insensibility to the solemnity
of the occasion or to the overwhelming importance
of the event. For the same morning when asked
about his spiritual consolation he replied, 'T have no
fear, but I have not that rapture of which many have
spoken. I never had much rapture in religion. My
views of the depth of sin and the awfulness of
eternity have been such."
The principal seat of the disease was in the throat
and for some months before death that eloquent
voice which had filled so many hearts and thrilled so
many spirits with all high and tender emotions, was
hushed to the lowest whisper.
At the same time his frame was reduced to the last
degree of emaciation (though he daily rose and
dressed himself to the last), and his nervous and
vital energy so prostrated, that he could not endure
the least excitement, physical or mental.
While these circumstances render his great and
enduring self-possession and composure the more re-
markable, they explain also how it was that the last
months of his life, were essentially months of soli-
92 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
tude and silence. It was a continued season for Di-
vine meditation, inward prayer and secret commu-
nion with God.
On one occasion, the day perhaps before his death,
he called his only son, a youth of thirteen years, to
his bedside and with the tenderest admonitions and
the most fervent blessings, besought him to remem-
ber, that he had consecrated him from the womb to
the service of God, as a minister of His Son Jesus
Christ ; and that unless his whole heart and soul were
in this great work, it would be an abomination in the
sight of God, if he would intrude into it.
An hour before his death he became apparently,
entirely free from pain and his poor, frail body sank
into a posture of rest and quiet. He was as he had
always been in the full exercise of all his senses and
faculties, and calling his two brothers. Revs. Robert
J. and Wm. L., to his side, taking each by the hand
he said : "I am dying; remain with me." After a few
moments he said, "Nothing is impossible with God."
And a little later, "God is with me." These were his
last words, and so he fell asleep.
At the time of his death he was Pastor-elect of the
Presbyterian Church of New Orleans and President-
elect of Oglethorpe University of Georgia.
One of his characteristic utterances spoken but a
short time before death, was, "I am a poor sinner
who has worked hard and had constantly before my
mind one great object, the conversion of the world."
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 93
His people of the Second Church mourned for him
as for their father, for he had come into their Hves
hke a burst of sunshine from skies overcast with
storm-swept clouds. Even the little children counted
upon his coming as they would anticipate a jubilee.
And what better can be said of any man, than that
the little children love him and rejoice in his pres-
Dr. John Breckinridge left three children, who
with their father had mourned the death of their
mother but three years before.
There was Margaret, devoting herself to the sick
and wounded during the war, which resulted in her
death, and Polly, who married Col. P. B. Porter, of
Black Rock, N. Y., who commanded for a season at
Fort McHenry. He afterwards fell mortally wound-
ed at the battle of Cold Harbor. And Samuel M.,
a judge in St. Louis, one of the commissioners in
that notable conference between the Northern and
Southern Presbyterian churches in Baltimore in
1873, representing the Northern church.
THE CALL OF ROBERT J. BRECKINRIDGE, D. D.
It was some eighteen months after the resignation
and departure of John Breckinridge before the con-
gregation again enjoyed the regular administration
of the ordinances under the leadership of their own
pastor. But the congregation had been left in a con-
dition of spiritual zeal and unity which safely
bridged the gap and even made possible some
decided gains in progressive church work, the most
noteworthy of which was the rapid growth of a
branch or mission Sabbath school on Fell's Point,
almost at the foot of Bond street. This school
became a branch school under the care of the Second
Presbyterian Church Sabbath School Society in Feb-
ruary, 1830. It became later the nucleus of the pres-
ent Broadway Presbyterian Church.
This happy condition of the congregation is grate-
fully remembered in a letter addressed to the mem-
bers when they were convened for the purpose of
electing a pastor June 21, 1832, from which we make
this excerpt : "When we consider the length of time
our pulpit has been vacant, the regular supplies we
have had and the fidelity with which we have adhered
together as a flock, we feel that we would be ungrate-
ful were we to withhold our warmest expressions of
thankfulness to the Great Head of the church, for the
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 95
manifestation of His fatherly goodness to us in our
widowed state. The apprehensions of friends and
the predictions of foes, that we would soon be scat-
tered without a head have equally proved groundless,
and from the present harmony and good feeling
which pervades our congregation we have reason to
hope, if we make a wise choice of a pastor, that we
will soon see the cause of pure and undefiled religion
flourish once more amongst us." Then follows this
suggestion, rooted in the love of Christ and certain
to bear its fruit of the Holy Spirit: "We would
indulge a hope that no discussion will be had respect-
ing the relative merits of the different candidates.
They have all labored honestly for our edification,
they have left their reputation, which is a minister's
all, in our hands, and it would be unkind, unjust,
unchristian to indulge in any remarks to the injury
of any one of them." They recommended the whole
list of eighteen ministers who had preached before
Rev. Dr. William Nevins, pastor of the First
Church, moderated the meeting. The method pur-
sued was to call out the number of the pew, when
the occupant would respond, designating his choice.
Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge was chosen by a large
majority on the first ballot. The call was made
96 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
It need be no secret that shortly after the depart-
ure of Dr. John Breckinridge the session made over-
tures to another brother, Rev. WilHam L., and twice
besought him to Hsten to their wooing, but he felt it
to be his duty to accept the call to the Chair of Lan-
guages in Centre College, Ky. However, the Breck-
inridge family had yet another son, a likely "David,"
who was sent for, though he had but scarcely entered
upon his studies at the seminary, and upon his head
the "anointing oil" descended.
Robert Jefferson Breckinridge, the third pastor of
our church, was born just two years before the for-
mation of our congregation, on March 8, 1800, in
Cabell's Dale, Ky. He graduated from Union Col-
lege, New York, in 1819 and began at once to study
for the bar. He was married the 8th of March,
1823, to Miss Sophonisba Preston, of Abingdon,
Va., sister of Col. W. C. and John Preston, of South
Carolina and Georgia. He was admitted to the bar
in Lexington in 1824. While practising law he also
contributed to the press and served in the legislature
of Kentucky three successive terms, where he proved
to be one of its ablest members. In 1828 he became
a member of the McChord Presbyterian Church, of
wdiich his brother had been pastor but a few years
before, just prior to his coming to Baltimore.
There can be no doubt that we owe the Christian
character of our third pastor largely if not entirely
GEORGE P. HAYS, D. D.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 97
to the instrumentality of his brother John, our sec-
Soon after uniting with the church he was elected
an elder and in 183 1, that year which began the tre-
mendous struggle in the Presbyterian Church, which
resulted in the division of 1838, Mr. Breckinridge
was elected a delegate to the General Assembly, to
meet in Philadelphia. During the discussion of the
case of Rev. Albert Barnes a question of soundness
in the faith, which had proved very perplexing and
by many was thought to endanger the peace of the
church, if not her very life, the Assembly, after
prayer and consideration, was in grave doubt as to
what course to pursue. Mr. Breckinridge, just come
from a sick bed, rose and began to address the house.
He had spoken but a few words when, with rapt
attention the members listened. As he proceeded
with his plea, tears of hopefulness for their beloved
church began to flow down the cheeks of many of the
fathers who had had the gravest fears of the out-
come of the trial. His speech was an eloquent,
pathetic plea for the peace of Zion and mapped out
the course afterward followed by the assembly. It
stamped Mr. Breckinridge as a ready speaker of
He followed in the footsteps of his brother John
in favoring the scheme for the colonization of the
"blacks" and against slavery. At a great meeting
98 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
of the Colonization Society held in Frankfort, Ky.,
January 6, 1831, he made an address, which stands
today one of the ablest defenses of anti-slavery ever
published. He was at the same time an ardent
advocate of temperance and devoted to every Chris-
tian work, to which he gave his whole time, having
retired from public life.
He was urged by his many friends to enter the
ministry, his own conception of duty also pleading
the Master's cause, but it was not until in a great out-
door meeting in the woods on his own farm that the
wrestlings with the Holy Spirit ceased and, every
barrier swept away, he gave himself unreservedly to
the ministry of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
In the spring of 1832 he applied to the Presbytery
of West Lexington to be taken under their care as a
licentiate and was by them licensed to preach the
Gospel April 5, 1832. He at once removed to
Princeton that he might attend the theological lec-
tures at the Seminary. He had been but a few
months in attendance upon the Semonary, when the
Master's hand was laid upon him again, as when
that second call came to Saul of Tarsus, for definite
service, and the pulpit of the Second Presbyterian
Church of Baltimore invited him, while at the same
time the mantle of his brother as its faithful former
occupant slipped about his shoulders. It was stipu-
lated in a letter answering the call, that an accept-
ance was not to take effect until the Fall.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 99
During the months of July, August and Septem-
ber, the Session held no meetings owing to the fact
that most of the members were out of the city to
escape the ravages of cholera, which decimating dis-
ease the Session clerk calls "that awful scourge of
God upon a wicked (he might have added 'filthy')
Mr. Breckinridge preached his first sermon in the
Second Church on the first Sabbath of November,
1832, and was ordained and installed pastor by the
Presbytery of Baltimore on the evening of the 26th
following. The Rev. William Nevins presided and
offered the prayer of ordination. His brother. Rev.
John Breckinridge, preached the sermon from the
text : "That thou mayest know how thou oughtest
to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the
church of the living God, the pillar and ground of
the truth." i Tim. 3rd chap, and 15th v. The charge
to the pastor was delivered by the Rev. George Mus-
grave and the charge to the people by the Rev. Wil-
Extract from " Private Journa 1" R. J. B.
"On the 26th day of November, 1832, I was or-
dained to the work of the ministry, and installed as
the Pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church, of
Baltimore, by the Baltimore Presbytery. From the
time of my license I have labored as I could for
Christ ; but those labors related peculiarly to no one
lOO ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
but myself, and were therefore, not worthy to be
recorded. Now it is otherwise. My station makes
my labors of more consequence, and the date at
which I commence recording them is the same as my
taking charge of the church of which I am pastor,
that is, the second day of Nov, 1832. Oh! that I
may be owned and blessed of the Lord Jesus."
Sabbath, November 4, (morning) — Preached in
Second Presbyterian Church, Baltimore, from 119th
Psalm and 185th verse: "Salvation is far from the
( Evening) . Preached to the people of the Second
Church from Rev. 22 : 17 : "Whosoever will, let him
take the water of life freely."
Thursday, 22d to Monday, 26th; had protracted
services in my congregation, connected with my ordi-
nation and installation, which took place the evening
of the 26th. My brother, John Breckinridge, and
the Rev. Samuel Winchester and the Rev. Messrs.
Musgrave, Phelps, Hamner, and Nevins and
Stephen Williams, a licentiate, aided at this meeting.
The services were a prayer meeting daily at 9 A. M. ;
sermon daily at 1 1 A. M. ; exhortations daily at half
three P. M., and a sermon daily at 7 P. M. Profes-
sors of religion met separately, twice, viz., Saturday
afternoon and Monday afternoon.
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was admin-
istered on Sabbath afternoon.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. lOI
The Sacrament of Baptism was administered to
two adults on Sabbath and to my infant child on
Monday morning, all by my brother John. I have
been sick during most of the time. I read before
Presbytery a trial sermon on Monday, the 226. from
Numbers 16: 21 : "But as truly as I live, all the
earth shall be filled with the glory of the Lord." I
also spoke to the people on Monday afternoon, the
26th, by way of exhortation from II Cor. 5 : 11-15 :
"Knowing the terror of the Lord, we persuade men."
This protracted meeting seems to have been blessed
of God to the stirring up of the hearts of this people
and the awakening of a number of sinners. Oh ! for
His truth to shine into my soul, and for His power
to strengthen my weak hands."
There follows in this diary a story of "labors
abundant" out of which we place before you this rel-
evant portion ;
"16 (Sabbath morning). — Preached in my church
from Hebrews 12 : 11 : "Now no chastening for the
present seemeth to be joyous, etc." A very large and
attentive congregation. After service, Stephen Wil-
liams, a licentiate of our Presbytery and preacher in
the Bethel Chapel at the Point, spoke to the people,
before taking up a collection in aid of that cause.
The attendance at the church on Sabbath morning is
large, but at night it is small, and at my meetings
through the week, (lectures included), still thinner.
I02 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
I took occasion this morning to say to the people,
that although I was willing to admit that the reason
why people did not attend on the ordinances of relig-
ion might be rather the fault of their preacher's
power to interest them, than of their want of interest
in the subject, yet even in this case I thought a man
might well doubt whether God had called him to a
people whom he could not interest, and whether he
could honestly eat their bread, if they hindered him
from earning it ; and, on the whole, that, for my own
part, I had settled the question after much consider-
ation, that my duty was to preach the Gospel to
people and not to empty seats, and, to that end, I was
ready to flee from city to city, till I could find those
who would hear my report. The issue is with God."
"In one short month see how God wrought upon
the people toward a change of heart in respect to the
ordinances of His house. January 20th, 1833, lect-
ured in my Session room upon Ephesians i: 13-14;
'In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the
Word of Truth, etc' Room full and the people at-
tentive and solemn. The attendance on my labors
has been increasing from the time I came here, es-
pecially on my services through the week; and the
people seem gladly to hear the word, and are often
deeply moved, so that many weep. God enables me
to speak with great plainness to them. My constant
prayer having been from the first, that I might be
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. IO3
enabled to preach Christ, simply, clearly, plainly and
with unction from Him. Oh ! that the Word preach-
ed may, through His spirit, be made powerful to sal-
vation in them that hear."
The strong yet wise and loving hand of this excep-
tional man was soon felt throughout the congrega-
tion, while with tireless energy night after night he
proclaimed the love of God until there was "a sound
of going in the tops of the mulberry trees," and the
congregation moved forward as did the army of
David against the Philistines, assured that the Lord
was leading them against all the enemies of His
church. That year the Lord added unto the church,
by his Holy Spirit's reviving, ninety-three souls upon
the profession of their faith in Jesus Christ.
Of this wonderful year of blessing good old
George Carson, the clerk of session, writes, spread-
ing upon the minute book with a pen dipped in the
love of God for the souls of men, his "Praise the
Lord for His goodness." Let me present one ex-
cerpt : "We bless our God for the manifestations of
His presence in our late meetings. Solemnity and
much prayer is evident, creating the hope that He
designs a blessing for us as a church, although so
undeserving and unworthy we be. Oh, that we
may be enabled to wrestle in faith, laying low at the
foot of the cross, for still further displays of His
mercy and love to us as a people, to the glory of our
I04 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Heavenly Father, and to His only and well beloved
son Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ and to the
Holy Ghost the applier and sanctifier of all mercies,
With what a rush of passionate feeling he chroni-
cles the result of this season of prayer and effort:
"We bless and adore a covenant keeping God of love
for the rich manifestations of His faithfulness and
mercy. In time of need He sent two of His devoted
servants, the Rev. Dr. Nelson and the Rev. Mr.
Gallaher, to assist our now exhausted pastor, to
direct and instruct a throng of awakened and inquir-
ing sinners. It pleased the Lord to greatly bless
their untiring labors amongst us to the calling out
from the ranks of the enemy seventy-six immortal
souls who have joined the army of the living God,
covenanting to serve Him in time and eternity. We
have seen a people made willing, we have felt it as a
day of God's power. Oh, for grace to strengthen
us to walk firm and aright under the weight of such
high privileges. Amen."
The latter part of February Mr. Breckinridge was
laid aside from active work by sickness, through
which he was brought to the very borders of the
grave. This sickness good George Carson speaks of
as a "thorn in the flesh for us, the recipients of such
high privileges, to preserve us from being exalted
above measure. Our beloved pastor must suffer
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. IO5
that we might retain a proper sense of our depend-
ence upon the source from which our help must
come." Weekly meetings for prayer from house to
house were the source of very great blessing to the
congregation and during the sickness of the pastor
fervent petitions ascended from anxious hearts gath-
ered in these places of prayer. The fragrance of
"this ointment poured forth" filled the House of
God, and an increasingly happy people gathered
from Sabbath to Sabbath to hear the Word of God.
Dissension and strife were unknown and it was
recorded of them "that the Lord withered every
apparent root of bitterness e'er it has growth to
mar the friendly, peaceful relations that exist
There had been for some time what was called
"social meetings" held in the Session room, where
those inclined came together for prayer and the fel-
lowship of the Gospel. These meetings had no doubt
been begun under Dr. John Breckinridge, for they
are spoken of as being "kept alive" by the members
of the congregation during the time the pulpit was
vacant. In the same connection reference is made
to the Friday evening lecture, which no doubt would
be delivered by the minister supplying the pulpit.
Ever since that time this social meeting for prayer,
though passing through some changes, has been a
blessed source of strength to the church. Mr. Breck-
I06 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
inridge baptized that same year twenty-seven adults,
fifteen of whom were "colored," the "colored" people
being allowed to worship with the congregation by
occupying seats in the gallery.
At the same time the congregation raised $650 for
missionary purposes and $2,000 for educational pur-
poses, besides paying in full their regular obliga-
tions. There was upon the roll of the church on
April 23, 1834, three hundred and sixty-eight mem-
bers, the high water mark up to that time.
On the 9th of January, 1833, the congregation
having been regularly called together, decided, upon
the recommendation of the Session, to elect a Board
of Deacons. Dr. Breckinridge set forth in a clear
manner the principles of the Presbyterian Church
and from Scripture showed the correctness of the
views expressed in those Standards, "upon the dis-
tinctness of the offices of elder and deacon." The
congregation then, by ballot, elected the first Board
of Deacons of the Second Presbyterian Church,
namely: Alexander Kerr, Richard J. Cross, J.
Harman Brown, James Spillman, A. George, Jr. and
"On Sabbath evening, January 20, 1833, at the
close of the sermon, in the presence of the congrega-
tion, the Session met and having constituted with
prayer, they set apart these men elected by prayer
and the laying on of hands, to the office of Deacon."
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. IO7
1833. — He organized the Sixth Presbyterian
Church, a congregation of colored people. This
church was never very strong and was dissolved by
act of Presbytery in 1842,
At a meeting of Session, June 4, 1833, it was
unanimously resolved that "a collection be taken up
hereafter every Sabbath morning, the proceeds to be
applied as follows: On the first Sabbath in the
month and on the fifth, when it occurs, to the con-
tingent expenses of the church. On the second Sab-
bath in the month, to the deacons' fund for the poor ;■
on the third Sabbath in the month, for the use of
our Sunday-schools ; on the fourth Sabbath in the
month, for the aid of the Female Tract Society of
The first annual report of this Society, made July
I, 1834, shows that its organization must have been
June 17, 1833, or about the time the above contribu-
tion was set apart for their benefit. That was a very
encouraging report, for it showed the distribution
during the year of 6,500 tracts and 30 Bibles. The
members were also instrumental "in bringing many
scholars into the Sabbath school and many adults
under the means of grace by a regular attendance on
the public worship of God on the Sabbath, who never
before were in the habit of entering His sanctuary,
some heretofore indifferent have expressed great
concern for the state of their souls and two hopeful
I08 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
cases of conversion are reported." So thoroughly-
awakened had the congregation become that every
part of the church's activities invited the best atten-
tion of the members, and of course the praise service
did not escape, nor should it. Contrary, however,
to the previous order of complaint, the shaft of crit-
icism is directed against the congregation and not
against the choir. Backwardness in joining, in what
should be a delightful service, was the crying sin and
Session took measures to effectually remedy the evil.
Mr. Breckinridge early in his Christian life held
advanced ground upon temperance and kindred
moral questions and being a man of strong convic-
tions, was like a soldier on the firing line, always on
the alert to press the charge of battle against this
enemy of purity and righteousness. He was not
slow to discover that among the membership of the
Second Church were not only some who partook of,
but also some who were engaged in the manufacture
of intoxicating liquors. The attitude of Mr. Breck-
inridge toward this evil was well known before he
became the pastor of the church, yet when in his
usually fearless manner he preached a sermon
entitled, "The Immorality of the Traffic, Manufac-
ture and Use of Ardent Spirits as a Drink, and the
Duty of Christians with Reference to the Temper-
ance Cause," he was bitterly arraigned thereafter by
a prominent member who was engaged in the manu-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. lOQ
facture of liquor. Instead of hushing the voice
which had so angered him, this enraged member
only served a righteous God in welding together the
temperance sentiment of the congregation, now at
white heat, and ready for the hammer of oppor-
tunity. This opportunity was not long in coming.
The intrepid pastor called a special meeting of the
contributors and communicants of the congregation
for the following Tuesday, the loth of June, 1834.
Gen. William McDonald was called into the chair
and a letter from the pastor was read, setting forth in
vigorous and candid, yet kindly language, the reasons
for calling the meeting. He told them of his temper-
ance sentiments, of his convictions of duty in press-
ing the matter upon their attention, of the attempted
subversion of the pulpit and intimidation of the pas-
tor at the close of the last Sabbath's sermon by one
of the members of the church, and then called upon
them to know whether it was the mind of the con-
gregation that the use or manufacture or sale of in-
toxicating liquors was innocent or not, and that if he
was to be silent in the pulpit on this question he must
separate from them.
Without hesitation and without one dissenting
vote the congregation of the Second Presbyterian
Church placed itself thus early in the contest with
intemperance among its most implacable foes, draft-
ing and agreeing upon the following resolutions:
no ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
"Resolved, That the congregation approve of the
principles and views of their pastor in sustaining the
cause of temperance, and feel that it is not only the
right, but the solemn duty of every preacher of the
Gospel in discussing both doctrines and morals, to
follow the dictates of conscience in interpretating the
Word of God. Resolved, That we will co-operate
wath him and the friends of temperance in promoting
this cause with the hope that the time is not distant
when the traffic in and use of ardent spirits as a
drink will be banished from this community and
from the world."
Extensive improvements were completed this year
in the church building at a cost of over $3,000.
Two towers were built on the outside of the church
to accommodate the stairs leading to the gallery and
the additional space thus provided on the ground
floor was filled with pews. The doors upon the east
and west sides of the church were made into win-
dows and the wood work of church and pews given
a thorough overhauling. Gas was introduced for
the first time at a cost, after arbitration, of $430
and the old sperm oil lamps were relegated to the
junk shop, and we might incidentally remark, the
congregation began to have those series of troubles
with the gas bills which have been the "bone of con-
tention" between producer and consumer ever since.
This year also saw the "passing" of the old pulpit,
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CPIURCH. Ill
with its sounding board, and the erection in its place
of a platform and desk.
A Sinking Fund was also created in 1834, to pro-
vide means for the liquidation of the debts resting
upon the church. This Sinking Fund had a varied
history, but on the whole did good service. It was
only one of several plans operated for the same pur-
pose, another of which was the issuing of shares of
stock in the Second Presbyterian Corporation paying
a certain dividend. This plan was to obviate the
necessity of borrowing money from banks or other
institutions. One such share of stock is before me
as I write. It is headed, "Five per cent stock of the
Second Presbyterian Church." It is for $1,000 and
certifies that the "corporation of the Second Presby-
terian Church" is indebted to Gen. William Mc-
Donald in that sum.
This stock was surrendered, marked "cancelled"
by his son, the executor of the estate of General Mc-
Donald, according to the terms of his father's will.
The rule restricting the sale of lots in the grave-
yard to pew owners or renters was partially re-
scinded so that others might be able to secure them
and thus provide a further source of revenue to the
November 27, 1834, Mr. Breckinridge laid before
the Session and congregation the question of his ac-
cepting the appointment of the General Assembly as
112 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
their delegate to attend the congregational union of
England and Wales. Though the congregation ac-
quiesced in the attendance of their pastor, it was
with reluctance, in view of the great needs of the
church for his presence. He was not able to go,
however, until the year 1836.
It would appear as if there were some members of
the church conscientiously of the opinion that the
Lord's Supper should be observed at a table, for up
to this year it had been the custom to spread such a
table for those desiring it in the middle aisle. Its
discontinuance led to complaints which were at once
silenced by Mr. Breckinridge ordering the tables to
be used again.
At a meeting of the congregation held January 5,
1835, it was agreed that the congregation should
take the necessary steps to build a parsonage and
that in the meantime the pastor's salary should be
raised to $2,000 per annum and the rent of his house.
A missionary for the Sunday-school was also em-
ployed who was to give his whole time to building
up the school through visiting the old and seeking
out new scholars.
A new tin roof was put upon the church at a cost
of over $700. This sum was entirely raised by sub-
scription after a morning service by handing cards
to the members on which to place the amount they
desired to pledge.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. II3
In September, 1835, the commissioners of the
American Board of Foreign Missions held their
meetings in our church and owing to the sickness of
Rev. Dr. Nevins, the only resident member of the
board, Mr. Breckinridge was asked to act with the
committee of arrangements in perfecting the plans
for their meeting.
This year also Mr. Breckinridge was the delegate
of Baltimore Presbytery to the General Assembly,
where but a few years before he had electrified the
assembly in his maiden speech as an elder-delegate
After a sacrament Sabbath and special services
held incident to his departure, Mr. Breckinridge left
Baltimore in March, 1836, to take passage for Eur-
ope, as he says, "scarcely realizing that at last he had
left Baltimore behind and was fairly on the way."
Mr. Breckinridge, after being in Europe for more
than a year, where he traveled very extensively, upon
his return immediately proceeded to take his place in
the thick of a contest which had been gathering ever
since he was first a delegate to the General Assembly.
His own Presbytery perceiving in him the champion
to defend her opinions, chose him as her delegate to
the assembly. Before the male members of his con-
gregation, called together by the Session for the pur-
pose, he laid the question, "Adhere to the old Stand-
ards or follow the new?" With unanimity and
114 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
heartiness they followed their pastor in his deter-
mined fidelity to "the Standards of the Presbyterian
Church in the spirit and intent thereof."
The Presbyterian Church was broken in two.
This was the end of a strife which had hindered the
church in her progress for years. Before the ad-
journment of this General Assembly a Standing
Committee on Missions was appointed to act
throughout the year. This committee was the basis
of our present Boards of Missions. And so to hap-
pier work the various ministers returned from the
scene of battle.
A PERIOD OF COLONIZATION.
The intrepid leader of the Second Church, Hke a
man refreshed after labor, entered with zeal upon his
various plans for the extension of the Master's king-
dom. -The whole Presbytery like a captive set free
"rejoiced as a strong man to run a race."
There had been for some little time a mission
school under the independent care of Mr. Cary, for
the religious education of colored children. This
school was taken under the care of Session July 4,
1837, and given its share of support from the
monthly collections taken up for Sabbath school pur-
poses. It might be supposed by anyone reading the
minute books of our church officers that the entire
congregation was composed of men. While "the
names upon a sign" may lead us to presuppose that
there are no other members of the firm, experience
teaches that there is such a "power behind the
throne," as a "silent partner." Once in a while the
curtain lifts and the busy women of the congrega-
tion are disclosed, without whose effective agency we
venture to say the Second Presbyterian Church
would have found many of her best laid plans "gang
Il6 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
While man may forget to record, "this that she
hath done," is not forgotten of the Master, whose
praise it is better to have than the laudations of
princes. As we intimate in the foregoing, there was
a little lifting of the curtain, when upon the minute
book of the committee we find the following item :
"The sacrament of the Lord's Supper was celebrated
on Sabbath the 8th in this church, on which occasion
we had the pleasure of having the Rev. Henry R.
Wilson, present with us, who is about to embark for
India, as a missionary on behalf of the Ladies'"
Society of this church, who took part in the solemn
services of the day, preached in the evening and took
an affectionate farewell."
This is but one evidence of the existence in the
hearts of the members of a sincere desire for the ex-
tension of the Master's Kingdom. They were pre-
pared to sacrifice in another direction. Money they
had given and large effort, they were now to enter
upon a course of church extension in which, the pas-
tor, quickened by what he had seen of great need
abroad, to the necessities of our own country, became
the moving spirit, and largely by his influence laid
the foundation for that church expansion which is
our "slogan" today in this city. On his motion the
Presbytery appointed a committee to go through the
bounds of the Presbytery, to visit and stimulate and
strengthen the weak churches and wherever they
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. II7
found places destitute of the Gospel, they were by
preaching to gather the people together and prepare
the way for the organization of Presbyterian
It would seem as though the Eastern Shore felt
this influence most and, like a wayward boy recog-
nizing the voice of his mother, that portion of our
state "first born" in the family of American Pres-
byterians, was reclaimed and welcomed home. Con-
gregations which had "dried up" were revitalized,
new churches sprung up where none had been in
nearly twenty different localities. The greatest and
the most imperative call, however, then as now, was
from wnthin our own rapidly growing city. The
church needed only to be reminded that she was
not keeping stride with the "hurrying" town, to
quicken her pace. "Colonization" was the cry which
brought our congregation to the determination to
act. This same spirit had also permeated the First
Church and the two congregations, that the enter-
prise might not fail, determined to work together in
planting Presbyterianism in a rapidly growing sec-
tion of the city called "Old Town," in the neighbor-
hood of Gay and Monument streets. Into this sec-
tion of the city the Second Church had already sent
a young licentiate, Mr. Roger Owen, agreeing to
raise for his support $400. They had also secured a
lot of ground corner of Aisquith and George streets,
Il8 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
to be held in trust by the Board of Trustees of the
Second Church for the purpose of erecting a church
building when the time arrived. Therefore when a
joint meeting of the elders and deacons of the First
and Second churches was called, the way had been
cleared for immediate action. The meeting con-
vened in the home of Rev. J. C. Backus, who had
become the pastor of the First Church during the
absence of Mr. Breckinridge in Europe. He was at
that time, as afterwards, foremost in advancing the
cause of Presbyterianism in our Presbyterial bounds
and heartily co-operated with Mr. Breckinridge in
this movement. Mr. Breckinridge presided. Mr.
Backus stated the object of the meeting. Mr. Breck-
inridge pledged the payment of annual ground rent
on the lot, if both churches would agree to raise
jointly the sum of $3,000 or $5,000 for the building
of a church upon it. It was unanimously decided to
raise the money. A joint building committee was
appointed and a subscription list opened at once.
This building was completed in 1844. The congre-
gation was organized January 9, 1844, with forty-
seven members. By resolution of the Session of our
church the moderator was authorized to give one
general letter of dismissal to those who might wish
to go into the new congregation. Twenty-nine
members of the Second Church thus became original
members of the Aisquith street church. On June
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. II9
30, 1845, every obligation against the new church
having been met, our Board of Trustees made over
to the Aisquith street congregation the deed for the
lot of ground.
The attention of our people had for some years
been directed toward Fell's Point, where we had
already established a mission school at the foot of
Bond street, and where there was a growing demand
for a church building. Accordingly an association
of the young men of the church was formed in 1843
to further the project. April 2, 1844, the Session
appointed a committee to consider the expediency of
erecting a church at Fell's Point. A lot of ground
was secured soon after at the corner of Broadway
and Gough streets and the new building erected.
This building was completed in January, 1846, and
the new congregation organized March, 1846, with
seventeen members from the Second Church.
The financial condition of the church had been
steadily growing more involved since the indebted-
ness incurred through the settlement affected with
Dr. Glendy and called for wise and determined
action. Accordingly a joint meeting of the Session
and the Committee of the church, October 12, 1837,
appointed a sub-committee to review the whole situ-
ation and report some plan for relief. This com-
mittee, in November of that same year brought in
an exhaustive report reviewing the whole financial
120 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
history of the congregation and showing the un-
avoidable causes leading up to their present situa-
tion. The indebtedness of the church was discov-
ered to be $3,400. The committee proposed three
things, the first two of which are undoubtedly in con-
gregational ajfifairs financial axioms :
1. To come to a full stop in the contracting of new
2. To have the whole subject laid before the con-
3. To reorganize the sinking fund.
The committee adds : "These facts embracing a
sketch of the past proceedings and present state of
the church, exhibit our expenses as greater than our
income, but we see no reason on that account for
despondency. On the contrary we have every rea-
son, both from what our predecessors and from what
we ourselves have done to take courage, and to rea-
son thus : That if they, through the blessing of
God on their exertions, were enabled at an expendi-
ture of more than $44,000 to erect the church ; and
if we, in the course of the last nine years, in addition
to the current expenses of the congregation, and in
addition to the great increase of our contributions to
benevolent operations, have been enabled to expena
upwards of $13,000 for temporal purposes without
missing it, will not the same kind Providence, by
proper exertions on our part, enable us to surmount
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 121
our present difficulties? The Second Presbyterian
Church, with a few exceptions, is not so wealthy as
some of our sister churches, but our people have ever
been found willing on all proper occasions to do
what they could, and these sacrifices are not to be
estimated by the amount given, but by the ability of
the party giving."
For two blessings, the committee, in concluding
their report, make due and thankful mention : "We
have a 'holy and a beautiful house' in which to wor-
ship, and above all a pure Gospel preached to us
while so many churches are torn with divisions and
distracted with heresies. May these considerations
fill our hearts with gratitude to God, with humility
in regard to ourselves, and love to one another.
And may the Great Head of the church inspire us
with wisdom from on high, so to fulfill the duties of
our trust, that His holy name may be glorified, the
cause of pure religion promoted and the prosperity
of our church secured and promoted."
In the body of this report attention was called to
the large number of persons in the congregation who
were not able financially either to buy or rent a pew
and suggested that they be requested to give as much
as they were able toward defraying the expenses of
the church. This suggestion was adopted and was
the "root" out of which has grown our present en-
122 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Placing the report of this committee before the
congregation resulted in increased confidence in the
officers of the church on the part of the members, so
that the report of "1838" congratulates the members
on "the prosperity of our financial concerns." At
an election of the Committee held October 22, 1838,
the elders who were members of the Committee
"expressed a wish to retire from the Committee in a
body, assigning as a reason that they did not con-
sider it compatible with the spirit of Presbyterianism
to hold two offices ; the one spiritual, the other tem-
poral." The Committee, though evidently agreeing
in the view expressed, did not think it advisable for
the entire number to resign at that meeting.
Pending the repairs upon the church building in
1839 the vestry of Christ Episcopal Church unani-
mously agreed "that Breckinridge's congregation
shall have the use of old Christ Church until the
repairs of their own church are completed." This
very cordial response to our request fully merited the
following resolution of the Session, under date of
February 4, 1840: "The grateful thanks of Session
are justly due to the rector and vestry of Christ
Church for the use of their church near Baltimore
street bridge, during the time the Second Presbyter-
ian Church was undergoing repairs, and that the
obligation was greatly enhanced by the very kind
and courteous manner in which it was granted."
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 23
Dr. Breckinridge, in 1839, was appointed by the
Foreign Mission Board to become their missionary
in France, to be stationed in Paris. Letters from
the secretary of the Board, Mr. Walter Lowrie, were
laid before Session. The Session and congregation
were decidedly of the opinion that their pastor ought
not to accept the appointment, in which he after-
wards concurred. A committee was appointed Feb-
ruary 27, 1839, for the purpose of erecting some
suitable memento of Dr. Glendy in the church. We
cannot ascertain the result of their work, but it
would seem to be a commendable thing to do. The
parsonage was completed this year at a total expense
of nearly $10,000.
In the Religious and Literary Magazine, of which
Dr. Breckinridge was the senior editor, an article
appeared in November, 1839, charging that an aged
German Catholic who desired to become a Christian
was confined in a cell of the almshouse. For this
article civil suit was entered against Dr. Breckin-
ridge by a man by the name of Maguire, who, after
repeated endeavors, succeeded in inducing "the
grand jury on ex-parte investigation" to make a pre-
sentment. A warrant was issued against Dr. Breck-
inridge as in the case of a common felon, of which
he says : "I do not complain either of the injustice
or the indignity ; I barely recount them." In a letter
to the congregation he asks concurrence in a deter-
124 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
mination not to perform the duties of pastor until
the charge was removed.
In commenting on this proposed action he adds :
"That such a necessity should exist would under all
possible circumstances fill my heart with profound
anguish. But that it should exist in the present con-
juncture of our affairs full of such deep and such
tender interest, on so many and such impressive
accounts, renders it one of the greatest trials of my
life. My earnest request is that all your efforts and
exercises, and especially your proposed thank-offer-
ing to God on next Sabbath day, in commemoration
of the fiftieth anniversary of the General Assembly
of our church, and the special meetings of persons
newly awakened to the importance of divine things,
may proceed as if nothing had occurred. When the
Under Shepherd is removed, the Great Bishop of our
souls becomes only more immediately the Shepherd
of the Flock."
Then follows a calm and "soldier-like" look at
possible eventualities, pressing from his heart
these words, which snatch the victory from all the
foes of the children of God however successful they
may seem to be, words of faith, strong, abiding faith
in God and his brethren, "And now, my very dear
friends and brethren in Christ Jesus our Lord, let us
meet this extraordinary and afflicting stroke with tho
faith, patience, humility and prayerfulness which
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 25
becomes our profession. And let us expect the
result, whatever it may be, with the temper of heart
appertaining to those who 'know that all things
work together for good to those that love God, to
them who are called according to His purpose.' "
A congregational meeting was called which
refused to agree in this position taken by their pas-
tor. When the venerable moderator, General Wil-
liam McDonald, called for those who did not favor
the views of Session, namely, that Mr. Breckinridge
should continue to act as their pastor during the
trial, to rise, not one arose. 'Thank God!" he ex-
claimed, "there is not one. The people, old and
young, male and female, are as unanimous as their
Session in desiring their beloved pastor's return."
In commenting on this action in an article pub-
lished in a subsequent issue of the magazine, Dr.
Breckinridge expresses his thankful appreciation of
the moral support thus given to him by his people.
Of the Session of that day he adds this testimony :
"These are men of the first influence and rank
amongst us in all that makes either influence or rank
valuable to generous and virtuous minds. They are
amongst the fathers of our city, most of them rem-
nants of a past and glorious age ; men who through
a period longer than the life of him over whose
head they throw the shield of their spotless names,
have built up in the face of countless vicissitudes
126 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
characters which defy mahgnity and challenge confi-
dence and love. Oppression itself is sweet when
such tokens follow in its train. And what shall we
say to that other and more affecting manifestation.
Alas ! Alas ! Who is worthy of such regards ? Who
is not overwhelmed by them ? In the midst of trials
and persecutions, here is the unanimous testimony
of a thousand hearts and voices, not only bearing a
testimony more noble in them who give than honor-
able to any who may receive it, but so doing it as by
its very tenderness to break our hearts. There are
the fathers and mothers of our Zion by the side of
whose tottering steps we have walked with filial rev-
erence, not to give but to get instruction ; there are
the children of God brought from darkness into His
marvellous light, by His blessing on our poor labors ;
there are our friends, our companions and fellow-
workmen, who, for long years, have seen our daily
walk, partaken of our daily trials, helped our daily
weaknesses ; there are the children whom we have
baptized into Christ's visible kingdom ; there are the
families we have united in sacred wedlock ; there the
bereaved and broken-hearted, with whom we have
sat us down to weep ; there the favored of the Lord,
in whose blessings we have rejoiced. Here be they
all, and here their testimony. Precious token of the
smiles of Heaven; sacred lesson to the ministers of
Christ. We are sensible and we deem it proper to
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 127
make the remark here and under present circum-
stances, that our humble and sincere efforts to be
faithful in our lot, have secured to us alike the per-
secution of our enemies and the affectionate com-
mendation of our friends." When the case came to
trial, the whole attention of tlie court was given to
it for more than eight days. Great crowds attended
who patiently listened through the whole proceed-
ings. When the case was given to the jury they
failed to agree upon a verdict. Dr. Breckinridge
was the uncompromising foe of "Papism" as he
termed Catholicism, and this was but one of many
attempts to overthrow his influence or silence his
tongue. After the trial the committee of the con-
gregation passed a series of resolutions expressive of
their sincere gratitude and of the whole congrega-
tion, "to Almighty God, for His great deliverance
wrought for our esteemed pastor in the late fiery
trial for an alleged libel," expressive also of their sin-
cere thanks to the eminent and learned counsel, who
conducted the defense for the zeal, ability and elo-
quence exhibited by them on the occasion, and ex-
pressive of their approbation of the Session of this
church in giving the congregation an opportunity at
a trying moment of testifying to the world their
unshaken confidence in and undiminished attachment
to their beloved pastor.
128 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Nor did the appreciation of the splendid services
of counsel stop with resolutions. The congregation
determined that each one of the counsel should have
some token of esteem. To Mr. J. J. Crittenden was
presented a silver pitcher and two waiters inscribed :
To J. J. Crittenden
The Second Presbyterian Church
A token of gratitude for professional services ren-
dered their pastor, R. J. Breckinridge.
To Mr. William Schley a silver bowl, waiter and
two spoons was presented similarly inscribed. This
silver plate was made at a cost of $375.
An extract from Mr. Schley's letter of acknowl-
edgement will show the spirit in which these men
must have entered upon their advocacy of the case :
"I accept this present of plate from the congregation
with pleasure and with thanks. They have done me
great honor ; an honor which any advocate, however
exalted in reputation, might justly value as such; an
honor, heightened in its bestowal by the age and
standing of those through whose agency it has been
DR. BRECKINRIDGE CLOSES HIS PASTORATE.
1 84 1. — Dr. Breckinridge was elected Moderator
of the General Assembly.
The 14th day of May, 1841, was observed by the
congregation as a day of fasting, humiliation and
prayer, recommended by President Tyler. The
Session in the following resolution adopting the rec-
ommendation. 'Tt having pleased Almighty God to
remove by death William H. Harrison, the late Pres-
ident of the United States, and the Vice-President
on coming to the Presidency having recommended
that Friday, the 14th day of May, be observed as a
day of national humiliation with reference to that
afflictive stroke of Divine Providence, and "the Pres-
bytery of Baltimore having recommended the solemn
observance of the day, thus appointed, as a day of
fasting, humiliation and prayer, together with public
services in all our churches," now in obedience to
these appointments and recommendations this con-
gregation will observe the said day by keeping it as
appointed and by uniting in such public services as
the pastor shall appoint."
It was a far sadder congregation to which came
in August, 1 84 1, the news of the departure from
130 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
earthly scenes of their former pastor, Rev. John
Breckinridge, D. D., of whose death in his old home
we have already spoken. The congregation was
deeply affected and literally went into mourning, the
church being heavily draped in black. To the be-
reaved wife and the orphaned children they sent their
consolations. There was spread upon the records of
Session these resolutions :
Resolved, i. That we have heard with unfeigned
regret of the death of the Rev. Dr. John Breckin-
ridge, one of the former pastors of this church.
2. That whilst we recognize in this event an over-
ruling and wise Providence, yet we cannot but
mourn the loss v/hich the church at large has sus-
tained, and we cannot but feel that the Presbyterian
Church has lost one of her ablest and most fearless
supporters, and her ministry one of its brightest
3. That we remember with gratitude to the Great
Head of the church, the unparalleled success with
which he crowned the labors of his faithful servant
during the space of five years, the time that we en-
joyed his pastoral care.
4. That we would thus publicly recognize this
Providence as peculiarly addressed to us, in view of
the relations which we sustained to the deceased.
5. That we record our deep sympathy for our pas-
tor. Rev. Robert J. Breckinridge, D. D., and fer-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I3I
vently implore for him the rich consolations of the
6. That we tender our affectionate sympathies to
the aged surviving parent of the deceased, to his
afflicted widow and orphaned children, and to the
family of the Rev, Dr. Miller, his honored father-in-
7. That as a suitable expression of our feelings
we direct that the church be put in mourning.
8. That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded
to the venerable mother and afflicted widow of the
deceased in Lexington, Ky,, and to the Rev, Dr.
Miller in Princeton, N, J,,"
Let us now set the 7th of December, 1841, in the
history of the Presbyterian Church, over against
March 11, 1805. Then a lottery was not only per-
mitted, but projected and fostered by the building
committee of the church, and now, so radical had
been the change of opinion and so sure the convic-
tions on this matter that we find Session citing a
member of the church to appear before them to
answer to the charge of having purchased lottery
tickets. The accused acknowledged his having done
as charged, but stated he was not in the habit of
doing so, nor did he know it was against the rules of
our church ; that he had done the same under sudden
temptation and in the future he would entirely
refrain from dealing in the same. These statements
132 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
were deemed satisfactory and the case dismissed,
A ground rent was created this year — 1841 — of
$5,000 upon the church property to pay off certain
loans contracted. The congregation was to have
the privilege of paying off this ground rent at the
expiration of twenty years. Early in the year 1842
Session divided the congregation into three geo-
graphical districts and assigned a committee of
elders to the charge of each district. They were to
hold from house to house, if practicable, meetings
for prayer and exhortation, and were to visit as
often as possible the homes of the members.
There can be no question of the practical and bene-
ficial effects of such meetings.
In December, 1842, a marble column and baptis-
mal bowl were presented to the congregation by Cap-
tain Purviance and others, for which the Session duly
The third attempt to take from the pastorate of
the Second Church, Dr. Breckinridge was successful.
In January, 1845, ^^ was offered the Presidency of
Jefferson College and the pastorate of the McChord
Presbyterian Church of Lexington, Ky., where he
had formerly been an elder. He gave no definite
answer to these calls until he had laid the matter
before Session, stating at the same time that in con-
sequence of the state of his health he was strongly of
the impression that he ought not to continue his
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 33
pastoral relations, as the amount of labor he was
called upon to perform was beyond his strength.
The whole mater was freely discussed by Session
and they decided to make every sacrifice to retain
the pastoral services of Dr. Breckinridge. They
considered that as he had lost his health in their ser-
vice, it was their duty to afford him such relaxation
as would tend to its restoration. The congregation
was called together and took action heartily second-
ing the Session in every effort they might make to
retain their pastor.
It seemed best to him, however, to accept the Pres-
idency of Jefferson College, then situated at Can-
onsburg. Pa., and the pastoral tie was severed by
the Presbytery. The following is an extract from
the minutes of Presbytery :
Thursday, 17th April, 1845.
Presbytery met in First Presbyterian Church of
Alexandria. Dr. R. J. Breckinridge having signi-
fied his willingness to accept the call from the church
and college in Canonsburg, Pa. It was on motion.
Resolved, That the pastoral relation between Rev. R.
J. Breckinridge and the Second Presbyterian Church
of Baltimore be dissolved from the ist Sabbath of
May next. Dr. Laurie was appointed to preach in
said church on the ist Sabbath of May, and an-
nounce to the congregation the act of dissolution.
The following letter was addressed to the Rev. Dr.
Breckinridge by the Session April 2^, 1845 :
134 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
"Respected and Dear Sir : The undersigned mem-
bers of the Session having Hstened to your farewell
address with feehngs of admiration, which they are
altogether unable to describe, beg leave most affec-
tionately in behalf of themselves and the congrega-
tion they represent to reciprocate most cordially the
kind and friendly feelings which you were pleased to
manifest towards them in that address and to assure
you that, whilst they are deeply afflicted at losing you
as their pastor, they are greatly consoled at your
parting from them in such a spirit of Christian love.
So long as the question of your going away was an
open one, they did all they could to oppose, but now
that it has been settled by the proper tribunals, it is
their duty to bow to the decision and to rejoice that,
although the pastoral relation has been dissolved, the
equally tender ties of affection have been strength-
ened. And they cherish the fond hope that they will
often have the pleasure of seeing your face and hear-
ing your voice again.
"The proceedings in the Second Presbyterian
Church on Sabbath last were regarded by all as not
only unusually affecting, but also deeply interesting,
and the tears which ran down every cheek in that
crowded audience, while they manifested the deep
sympathy that responded in every bosom to your
own struggling emotions, evinced at the same time
the high estimation in which you are held by this
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I35
"The undersigned regard it as a subject of un-
feigned thanksgiving that, as a separation was to
take place it has been effected in a spirit so honorable
to Christianity. You have kindly asked your people
to remember you in their prayers.
"Dear Sir : They cannot forget the happy seasons
they have enjoyed with you. They will remember
you and yours and they will ever esteem it as a priv-
ilege, though far apart, in all their several meetings,
to meet you at a Throne of Grace, knowing assuredly
that you will not forget them. The members of the
Session could not, without doing violence to their
feelings, deny themselves the pleasure of thus ad-
dressing you at parting. They have not been able,
except in a very imperfect manner, to do justice to
their feelings, but they can safely assure you that you
carry with you to your new field of labor the best
wishes of the best people of this city and also the
still more endearing regards of your own congrega-
tion, to whom you have been so faithful a pastor.
And now, dear sir and dear friend, allow the Session
to bear testimony of your fidelity. You have not
failed to declare the whole counsel of God, and are
'pure from the blood of all men.' They 'commend
you to God, and to the word of His Grace, which is
able to build you up and to give you an inheritance
among all them which are sanctified.' Amen."
136 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
While President of Jefferson College he also
preached in the Presbyterian Church in the village
of Canonsbiirg. After serving as President of
Jefferson College two years, he was called to the
pastorate of the First Presbyterian Church of Lex-
ington, Ky., and became also superintendent of pub-
lic instruction in Kentucky. From there, by ap-
pointment of the General Assembly in 1853, he went
to the seminary at Danville as Professor of Exegetic,
Didactic and Polemic Theology, where he remained
until 1856. His health almost completely failing
him in that year, he took but little part in public life
and passed the remainder of his earthly pilgrimage
in quietness. He departed this life in Danville, Ky.,
December 27, 1871.
His was a national fame, both as a debater and a
writer. His knowledge of law, civil and ecclesias-
tical, was often the dismay of his opponents. While
in the home his knowledge of human nature and his
native kindliness and wit made him a choice one for
companionship. He will be especially remembered,
however, for his bold and fearless utterances against
the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church, his
earnest advocacy of the use of the Bible in the public
schools and his championship of a very unpopular
cause — the cause of temperance.
His writings proclaim him to have been a man of
great versatility, for there is no more enjoyable nor
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 37
interesting volume of travels written than those in
which he covers his tour of Europe, nor on the other
hand, has any controversialist produced a stronger
defense of any system of theology than this soldier
of the Cross, presented in his "The Knowledge of
God Objectively Considered," which was published
while he was professor at Danville, and went
through two editions. While in Baltimore he was
one of the editors of the Baltimore Religious and
His sermon "Fidelity in Our Lot," preached by
appointment of the General Assembly of the Presby-
terian Church, at their meeting in Nashville, Tenn.,
in May, 1856, and first published hj order of the
Board of Domestic Missions, found a place also in a
volume of sermons entitled "Pulpit Eloquence of the
Nineteenth Century," as an example of the eloquence
of the American pulpit.
Few men have taken a livelier interest in the sub-
ject of education than Robert J. Breckinridge. It
is chiefly to him that the state of Kentucky is in-
debted for her school system, and but for him at one
time the seminary at Danville could not have existed.
He was largely instrumental in removing all person-
alities from the great controversy which divided the
Presbyterian Church and of placing the decision of
the whole matter upon fundamental principles.
He was chosen moderator of the General Assembly
138 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
in 1 84 1, when he had been in the ministry but eight
years and a half. • Though carefully avoiding ex-
treme opinion on either side of the slavery question,
he labored both as a minister and as a citizen zeal-
ously and effectively for the amelioration of the con-
dition of the black race.
In Baltimore, so distinguished had been his ser-
vices in behalf of the "free blacks" that more than a
thousand of them united in presenting him with a
valuable piece of gold plate as a token of their appre-
ciation of his services in their behalf. His manner
as a speaker was highly nervous, simple and direct.
He always had a purpose in speaking and everything
he said served that purpose. His every auditor went
away from his presence impressed by what he had
There had been spared to the congregation from
its very organization that patriot soldier, that emi-
nent citizen, that loyal Presbyterian and sincere
Christian, Gen. William McDonald. His value as a
member of Session can never be estimated, his pres-
ence as leader in all that was good in the history of
the church was "worth ten thousand men." Ever
foremost, there was no committee appointed to
which important business was intrusted, from the
building of the first church edifice and the call of Dr.
Glendy, to the stirring times of trial through which
he championed for the congregation the fame and
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 39
good name of their pastor, Rev. R. J. Breckinridge,
that he was not the Chairman. He was the first
member of "The Committee of the Second Presby-
terian Church" and continued so to be until the time
of his death. Is it a subscription for a new church
building, for repairs, for a parsonage, for a Sabbath
school room, for the poor? "Lo! William Mc-
Donald's name led all the rest." These are simple
facts and true, gathered in handfuls through the
pages which record the deeds of those who promise
and perform the same.
He was a "ways and means" committee, always
solicitous for the welfare of the church and during
his life contributing very largely. Nor did he forget
her needs when face to face with the approaching
end. It was his desire, which was faithfully ex-
ecuted by his son, Samuel McDonald, that the cer-
tificate of stock of the corporation he held be can-
celled and that the sum of $5,000 be given to pay off
the ground rent recently created upon the church
property. To the Sabbath school he left the sum of
$300. The Board of Trustees thus record their
appreciation of his character: "Whereas it has
pleased the All Wise Disposer of events to remove
by death our well beloved brother Gen. William Mc-
Donald, the oldest member of this board, and an
elder in this church from its first organization, the
surviving members of this board deem it to be their
140 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
duty and consider it to be both suitable and proper
to spread on the records of this church some testi-
monial, however feeble, expressive of their regret for
the loss of so valuable a member, of their sincere
sympathy with his bereaved family, and of the pro-
found respect in which they hold his character as a
man and a Christian.
General McDonald filled a large space in the pub-
lic eye. He held many important offices, the duties
of which he discharged with punctuality and fidelity.
Active, industrious and enterprising, he acquired, by
means the most honorable, an independent fortune,
and by his public spirit contributed to advance the
growth and prosperity of this his adopted city.
Instead of allowing himself to be puffed up by his
wealth, he was one of the meekest and humblest of
men, and while in the discussion of ordinary ques-
tions, he was yielding and obliging to all, yet wher-
ever principle was involved, he was firm and inflexi-
ble in the highest degree. To all the religious socie-
ties, to all the benevolent operations and to all the
charities of the day. General McDonald was among
the most generous contributors, ever dispensing
around to those who suffer in this vale of tears, the
comforts to which prosperity gives birth.
In all the meetings of this Board he was ever
amongst the most punctual and regular in his attend-
ance. The members looked up to him as to a father
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I4I
and ever found in his wisdom and experience a safe
guide in all times of doubt and perplexity. He was
ever keenly alive to the honor and interests of this
congregation and thought no sacrifices too great to
promote both its temporal and spiritual prosperity,
and the members will long call to mind with feelings
of tender regret those happy social meetings, over
which this venerable man presided with so much
modesty, simplicity and dignity. But it was in the
last solemn act of his life that he gave the most un-
equivocal proof of his strong attachment to h'is,
beloved church. He remembered she was in debt,
and in his last will and testament bequeathed her the
large sum of $6,000 to help her out of it, besides
leaving the sum of $300 to the Sunday school
attached to the same.
As a merchant he was distinguished for his un-
blemished integrity. As a soldier of two wars for
his undaunted bravery, his pure patriotism and un-
bending fidelity. As a Christian for his meekness,
humility and zeal to promote the glory of God and
the salvation of lost men. During his last illness,
which was both long and painful, he bore his intense
sufferings with the truest fortitude, patience and
resignation, testifying to all around him the power of
divine grace through faith in a crucified Redeemer,
to overcome the last enemy and to enable him to
exclaim with the great apostle, "Oh, death ! where is
142 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
thy sting, Oh, grave ! where is thy victory. Thanks
be to God who giveth us the victory through our
Lord Jesus Christ,"
There in the midst of kind and devoted friends
and in the bosom of his affectionate family did this
aged Christian patriot, this dying elder, full of hope
and full of peace, fall asleep on the bosom of Jesus
on Monday, the i8th of August, 1845, i^ the 87th
year of his age.
The long and solemn funeral procession, civil and
military, which followed his remains to the grave,
as well as the impressive religious services rendered
on the occasion, were strong attestations of the high
estimation in which General McDonald was held
by all classes of his fellow citizens.
THE PASTORATE OF LEWIS W. GREEN^ D. D.
At a meeting of the congregation held February 2,
1845, Rev. J. H. Thornwell, of Charleston, was
elected pastor without one dissenting vote, but after
giving the call long consideration, the institution
with which he was connected refusing to release him
from his engagement, he declined the call.
At a subsequent meeting of the congregation held
June 24, 1846, for the purpose. Rev. D. M. Palmer
was chosen pastor, but declined. The congregation
was by no means discouraged at these repeated
declinations, but in a spirit of submissiveness and of
humble inquiry, met, at the suggestion of some of the
ladies of the congregation and by appointment of
the Session, on a day set apart, Wednesday, Septem-
ber 2, 1846, a day of solemn humiliation, fasting and
prayer to Almighty God, that they might "beseech
Ilim wherefore He hath this controversy with us;
that He would spare His people and not give His
heritage over to reproach ; that He would not utterly
forsake us nor cast us off forever; that He would
enable us all to repent of our sins and turn to Him
with the whole heart ; that He would graciously turn
unto us and lift upon us the light of His reconciled
144 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
countenance, and send us an Under-shepherd, whose
labors He will own and bless, that the salvation of
our people may again go forth as brightness and her
righteousness as a lamp that burneth." One month
later this same congregation, led of God in their an-
swer to their prayer, elected at a meeting called for
the purpose on October 14, 1846, the Rev. Dr. L. W.
Green, to be their pastor. Dr. Green was at the time
a professor in the Western Theological Seminary at
Alleghany, Pa. Lewis Warner Green was the son of
Willis and Sarah Reed-Green, and was born in Boyle
county, Ky., January 28, 1806. He was a graduate of
Center College, Danville, Ky. Intending to study
law, because of a hesitancy of speech, he soon turned
his attention to medicine. This study proved very
distasteful to him, and he determined to overcome
his physical defect, which, being accomplished, he
entered Princeton Theological Seminary and gradu-
ated in 1832. He was licensed to preach the Gospel
of the Son of God by the Presbytery of Transsylva-
For two years following he taught in Center Col-
lege, Kentucky. He then went abroad where he stud-
ied for several years. Upon his return to America
he was ordained to the ministry and became associ-
ate pastor of the Danville Presbyterian Church.
From Danville, Professor Green went to Hanover,
Indiana, to a professorship in the New Albany The-
ROBERT H. FULTON
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I45
ological Seminary. He was scarcely "at home" in
New Albany Seminary until the General Assembly
appointed him Professor of Hebrew and Oriental
languages in the Western Theological Seminary at
Allegheny, Pa. It was after he had been seven years
at Allegheny, that the attention of our church was
turned toward him and a most earnest call was tend-
ered him, which he accepted.
"Dr. L. W. Green was installed by the Presbytery
3rd of March, 1847."
He was now engaged in his desired work of a min-
ister of Jesus Christ, for he had ever cherished the
hope that he would one day become a pastor. His
whole heart entered into his duties, his soul rejoiced
at the prospect before him, and he called upon all his
finely trained powers to come to his aid. The dream
of a lifetime seemed securely in his grasp. Large
audiences began to gather to hear him, and his fame
soon spread throughout the city, so that he was
counted "the foremost preacher of his day," yet his
beautiful dream of pastoral work and of preaching
the Gospel of Jesus soon faded away, when he began
to realize after he had been preaching but a year that
his health was seriously impaired under the strain of
his unsparing efforts.
In August, 1848, he communicated to the Session,
his call to become the President of Hamden-Sydney
College, Va., but suggested that no definite action
146 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
be taken until his return from a visit to that section
of country. In which suggestion the Session heartily
concurred. On August 28, Dr. Green asked Session
to join him in a request to Presbytery for the dissolu-
tion of the pastoral relation, because the state of his
health would not permit him to retain his pastoral
charge. With great reluctance, Session and the con-
gregation agreed. The congregation, expressive of
their sorrow at the dissolution, passed the following
resolution : "It is v/ith feelings of the deepest regret
that this congregation looks forward to its separa-
tion from a pastor so beloved, so able and so faithful ;
a pastor whose labors amongst us have been so
owned and blessed of the great head of the church ;
a pastor by whose conciliating efforts, peace and har-
mony have been happily restored to this congrega-
tion, which was greatly agitated when he took
charge of it, by repeated disappointments from hav-
ing been so long without a stated minister.
Resolved, That this congregation deeply lament
the affliction with which its beloved pastor has been
visited and while it offers him its kindest sympathy
and condolence, would at the same time respectfully
assure him that its members, in their humble prayers,
will not fail to implore Almighty God that He would
in His infinite mercy and goodness be graciously
pleased to restore him to his wonted health and use-
fulness and that he would greatly bless and prosper
him in his new field of labor.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I47
Resolved, That this congregation heard with pro-
found satisfaction the declaration made by Dr. Green
at the close of the morning service of last Sunday,
namely : that there was no other cause which had in-
duced him to ask for a dissolution and that the rela-
tions between himself and the members of the con-
gregation, were of the most amicable nature. This
declaration will greatly tend to alleviate the pain of
Dr. Green was an impassioned preacher, vivid,
original, attractive. One who knew him intimately
in Baltimore, said of him to a visitor who was anx-
ious to hear him, "He talks Homer and the old Greek
and Roman poets and philosophers and everything
else here in Baltimore, and he mixes it all up with re-
ligion and makes people listen to him. But he is not
a revival preacher. He makes flights in the clouds
and you will wonder how he is ever going to get
down. But I reckon you will be delighted to hear
The reader is bound to hesitate at this, and wonder
just what sort of preacher this man was and whether
his gospel was not "another gospel,"
The man who "makes fights into the clouds," did
doubtless quote the classics and soar to heaven on his
Pegasus, now and then, but these were only like the
flourish of the trumpet which announces some im-
portant arrival or like the sweep which your pen will
148 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
almost unconsciously make when it has written a
good word for Jesus Christ and the sons of men.
The man of whom the following lines were written
could not have been "flighty" nor merely "classical."
They were sent to him by a member of his congrega-
tion signed "Miriam."
"Ambassador of Christ ! how fearlessly
Thou liftest up the voice to publish forth
The tidings of salvation to the lost
And ruined sons of men ; how earnestly
Dost thou entreat the thirsty soul to come
And drink of that fair river which makes glad
The city of our God. O ! with what love
Dost thou beseech the weary, sin-sick soul
To accept the invitation Jesus gave
'Come unto me, ye heavy laden, come.
And I will give you rest.' With what a voice
Of thunder dost thou set the terrors forth
Of God's Almighty law, and seek to rouse
The slumbering sinner from his deadly dream
Of false security. How gently, too,
Dost thou encourage those who tremblingly
Are following after God, whose faith is weak,
Yet by the pure word strengthened, will grow up
Unto the Christian's perfect stature. One
There is, less than the least of all who love
The Blessed Saviour, who will long rejoice,
In having heard those glorious Gospel truths,
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I49
By thee set forth, and in the faith built up,
And strengthened by Almighty Grace, will run
With greater zeal along the Heavenly road.
May God be with thee, champion of the Cross !
And crown thy labors with immortal souls.
And when thou hast thy hallowed work fulfilled
On earth, and gone to thy reward above,
Then mays't thou shine in glory as the sun.
And as the brightness of the firmament
Forever and forever ; then shall praise,
High, holy, pure, be given to Him who sits
Upon the Throne, and to the lamb who died
And lives again. Glory forevermore."
Dr. Green was president of Hamden-Sydney Col-
lege after leaving the pastorate of the Second
Church, some eight years, and left Hamden-Sydney
to become President of the Kentucky State Normal
School. In August, 1857, he became President of
Center College, Kentucky. He passed away from
earth. May 26, 1863.
THE TIMES OF JOSEPH T. SMITH, D. D.
In 1847, the congregation reported to Presbytery
404 communicant members. The following year
only 241. In the meantime the congregation had
had a vigorous "house-cleaning," by which 80 mem-
bers, who had "a name to live, but were dead," were
stricken from the roll and an error discovered in the
old roll which made a difference of 81 more. This
would appear to be serious business and it is, but it
would be more serious not to suffer the process. This
disease of "formalism" or "indifferentism" spreads
rapidly in a congregation, beginning at the outer
most branches, it would in time bring down the par-
December 20th 1848, at a congregational meeting
called for the purpose, Rev. Jos. T. Smith was unan-
imously elected pastor. Joseph T. Smith was born
in Mercer county. Pa., November the 6th, 181 8, of
Scotch-Irish parentage. His father's name being
Joseph, his mother's, Elizabeth Donald. While a
student at Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pa., he
united with the church. He was characterized among
his fellow students for his gentleness of character,
his genial, kindly, winning manners. The boy was
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I5I
"father of the man." Upon graduating from col-
lege in 1837, he began the study of Theology under
the Rev. Samuel Tate, and after completing his
course was licensed to preach the Gospel by the Pres-
bytery of Erie, in April, 1841. As a licentiate, he
preached throughout the oil regions of Northwestern
Pennsylvania, then but little better than a wilderness.
He had the honor of being selected by his "home
church," the First Presbyterian of Mercer, Pa., to be
its pastor, and having accepted, was ordained and
installed April, 1842.
Some seven years later as the Rector of Christ
Church, Baltimore, with which congregation, the
Second Church had been upon the most friendly
terms, was detained at Mercer, while enroute North.
There being no Episcopal Church in the town, he
went to the Presbyterian church and heard Dr. Smith
preach. Upon his return, he strongly recommended
Dr. Smith for the vacant pulpit of the Second
Church. When the congregation heard him for
themselves, they said, "The half has not been told"
us, and immediately made out their formal call upon
The commissioners of the congregation appointed
to prosecute the call before Erie Presbytery, reported
at a congregational meeting, March 13th, 1849, that,
"acting under an impression produced by corres-
pondence with Mr. Smith, that a written communi-
152 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
cation would accomplish the object so unanimously
desired by the congregation, your commissioners
adopted that course, and did not in person attend the
meeting of the Presbytery of Erie. The Rev. Mr.
Smith, (unexpectedly to us) determined to abstain
from any expression of opinion and leave the whole
matter to his Presbytery. The Presbytery after due-
consideration decided not to place the call in his
hands. We have no doubt, had Mr. Smith expressed
the opinion that his path of duty and usefulness, led
to Baltimore, the result would have been otherwise,
and we are inclined now to believe, had your commis-
sioners been on the spot, the doubt that surrounded
Mr. Smith as to duty would have been removed.
Secondly. The congregation is happily and per-
fectly united in believing that Mr. Smith will suit
Thirdly. There is good reason to hope from what
has already been stated, that a call made out and
prosecuted by commissioners will be successful.
We, therefore, in view of all the circumstances,
would recommend a renewal of the call by the con-
gregation and the appointment of commissioners to
prosecute the call in person, at the next meeting of
the Erie Presbytery."
Rev. Jos. T, Smith was then elected for the second
time by a viva voce vote.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 53
This call was fortified by a letter urging accept-
ance by Dr. Johns. Mr. Smith accepted and was in-
stalled pastor of the Second Church in April, 1849.
The minutes of Presbytery read :
"Rev. Joseph T. Smith was received from the
Presbytery of Erie, 17th June, 1849, and accepted
the call to the Second Church. The following com-
mittee was appointed to install him on Friday, the
23d of June; Rev. Mr. Peck to preside and preach
the sermon. Rev. Dr. Plummer to give the charge
to the pastor ; Rev. Mr. Cross, the charge to the peo-
During the interim, the committee on supplies had
found great difficulty in securing ministers for the
pulpit and were frequently compelled to seek the ser-
vices of their Methodist brethren. In acknowledge-
ment of uniform kindness and heartiness in respond-
ing to these sudden calls, the session passed the fol-
ing resolutions, April 30th, 1849:
"Whereas, on the resignation of the Rev. Dr.
Green, the committee of supply had frequently to de-
pend upon the services of Methodist ministers and on
all occasions their applications were responded to
with promptitude and Christian liberality ; but espec-
ially is this congregation, indebted to the Rev. E. Y.
Reese, for the repeated and very acceptable services,
rendered by him in her time of need, and for the
spirit of cordiality in which those services were ren-
154 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
dered; therefore, Resolved, That this congregation
will ever cherish a grateful remembrance of the obli-
gations which it is under to the Methodist clergy of
this city, and an ardent desire to cultivate the kindest
intercourse and the most friendly relations with their
Methodist brethren generally."
Monthly concerts of prayer for the conversion of
the world were held upon the afternoon of the ist
Sabbath of each month. The offering for Foreign
Missions being lifted in the evening of the same day.
Soon after the settlement of Dr. Smith, the ques-
tion of repairing and remodeling the church building
came under consideration. It was found, however,
that the necessary changes would involve an expen-
diture of from $6,000 to $7,000.
This contemplated making the main entrance on
Lloyd street so as to place the pulpit at the west end
of the church, removing the galleries, except that at
the eastern, or Lloyd street end, and making other
alterations incident to the foregoing changes. It
was found that by a slight increase of expenditure
an entirely new building could be erected, embracing
modern improvements and affording greater con-
venience to both pastor and people. The proposed
new building was to be 82>4 ft. in length and 52 ft.
in breadth, with the principal front on Baltimore
street, the estimated cost to be $16,000. The com-
mittee proposed to raise this money in three ways :
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 55
By subscription, $6,000 ; by sale of a part of the west-
ern end of the church lot, $6,000, and by the sale of
pews in the church, $4,000.
The arguments of the Board of Trustees were
convincing, namely, that the present building was
antiquated and hard to preach in; that any repairs
which might be made would, at the best, only result
in a patchwork job, and the cost would closely ap-
proximate that of a new building ; that as at present
there was so high a price put upon pews, the Board
found it difficult to rent them, while in the new
church there would be an increased number of pews,
for which a lower rental could be asked, and hence,
a greater number rented, increasing the revenue of
The subscriptions received for the new building
amounted to $7,500, and the work was begim under
a Committee of the Board of Trustees, consisting
oi: R. Howard, Chairman; S. Fenby, H. Abbott, W.
C'richton and Alex. L. Boggs. This committee was
invested with full power, January 31st, 1850, to
make the necesssary contracts, after review by the
full Board. They were empowered to sell the pews
in the new church, and if the sum realized was not
sufficient to meet the contracts, were to sell a lot of
ground on the western end of church lot, fronting on
156 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
On the 1st of March the congregation rented
Temperance Hall, on Gay street, at an annual rental
of $300, and worshipped there while the new build-
ing was being erected.
It was with genuine grief many of the old mem-
bers, saw the destruction of the building which to
them was almost an object of veneration, for around
it clustered all the hallowed associations of the early
history of the church, and there still lingered for
them within her historic walls the fragrance of the
presence and the harmonies of the voices of her
great and eloquent preachers. In spite of some little
opposition of this kind and the almost insurmount-
able obstacle of the great cost, the new building was
undertaken and completed, the congregation being
permitted to occupy it in 1852 at a cost of upwards
The following advertisements of the services in
connection with the dedication of the New Church
building was inserted in the Baltimore American for
January loth, 1852:
"The New Church of the Second Presbyterian
congregation will be opened for Divine service on
Sunday, the nth inst.
"Service in the morning by the pastor; in the af-
ternoon at half-past 3 o'clock by Rev. Dr. Backus;
and in the evening at half -past 7 o'clock by the Rev.
Dr. Plummer. The pews will be offered for sale at
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, 157
public auction on Tuesday evening the 13th instant,
in the church, commencing at 7 o'clock."
In the issue for the 12th of January appeared this
account of the dedicatory services :
"Dedication of the Second Presbyterian Church.
This elegant church edifice, located at the corner of
Baltimore and Lloyd streets, was on Sunday last,
solemnly dedicated to the service of the Almighty in
interesting and befitting services. In the morning
the pastor of the church. Rev. Mr. Smith, preached
an eloquent sermon from a portion of the 41st verse
of the 6th chapter of 2d Chronicles ; 'Now, therefore
arise, etc' The discourse was of a highly interest-
ing character and elicited the deepest interest of the
large assemblage present. In the afternoon the
church was again crowded to listen to the Rev. Dr.
Backus and likewise in the evening to Dr. Plum-
Large accessions within the next few years amply
justified the congregation in their undertaking the
work, while to this day we have a beautiful and
commodious house of worship. In the midst of all
these struggles a mission school was founded, in
185 1, near the Penitentiary by some members of the
church, chiefly sustained by the labors of Mr. D. F.
Haynes, and after every encouragement by the Ses-
sion, Breckinridge Chapel was built. This mission
was very successfully conducted for a long time until
158 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
merged, through the purchase of the property as a
site for the new Penitentiary, into Hope Mission,
now Reid Memorial, in October, 1892, when some
forty scholars were turned over to that mission.
The ladies of the congregation determining that
the new church tower should have a bell, raised by
piivate subscription the sum of $300 toward that ob-
ject. The bell was put in place in the tower of the
cliurch under the supervision of the Building Com-
mittee, and under a resolution of the Board at their
meeting, February ist, 1853, the ladies were thanked
not only for this gift to the church, but also for
their unwearied exertions in behalf of the church in
the matter of the sinking fund.
Early in this year a difference of opinion exist-
ing between the Session and the Board of Trustees
as to the ordering of collections on the Sabbath, and
the appointment of salaried persons, a committee
from the Board visited the Session by arrangement
and made statement of their views upon the matter,
which resulted in the following deliverance by the
Session : That on the schedule of benevolent contri-
butions passed among the members for their signa-
tures, a column would be included for the church
debt; that Session would assist in every way in its
power toward the liquidation of that debt; that
while it was the custom and express statute of the
Presbyterian Church making it the duty of the Ses-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 59
sion to appoint the chorister, yet, as he is to be paid
his salary by the Trustees, it is just and equitable
that the salary should not be fixed without the
knowledge and consent of the Board.
At a Congregational Meeting held November
15th, 1854, active measures were taken to reduce,
and, if possible, to pay off the floating debt of the
church, amounting to $12,000. Large subscriptions
were made by those present and preparations begun
for an active canvass of the congregation. On April
1 8th, 1855, by these efforts the debt had been reduced
to a little over $8,000. This amount was almost
entirely liquidated by a bequest from the late Samuel
McDonald, son of General William McDonald, who
left provisions in his will for the payment to the
church of $5,000 in cash, the release of the mort-
gage held by him upon the church property, amount-
ing to $3,000, and the further sum of $500 to be
invested for the benefit of the Sabbath School of the
Mr. McDonald had passed away on the nth of
July, 1855, aged (ij years. He was at the time of his
death the senior member of the Board of Trustees,
and, although debarred, from long and severe ill-
ness, from meeting with his associates on the Board,
he offered them valuable counsel in their difficult
task, and gave liberally of his means, and, in "imi-
tation of his benevolent sire, bequeathed to the
l60 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
church the magnificent legacy referred to." This be-
quest enabled the Treasurer in his next report, De-
cember 27th, 1855, to say that the state of the
church's finances were in a condition equal to many
of our sister churches in this city ; that the subscrip-
tions and bequest of Mr. McDonald had reduced
the debt to about $2,000, and that against that we
had $1,000 of subscriptions yet unpaid ; that the time
had come of carrying into effect a long cherished de-
sire to increase the pastor's salary. This was agreed
t J by the Board in the following resolutions :
"Whereas, Much of the prosperity of our church
and the increase of our congregation is, under God.
owing to the zeal, popularity and good works of our
Pastor ; therefore,
"Resolved, That the salary of Doctor Smith be
increased to $2,000 per annum from the ist of Janu-
The debt was still further reduced by private
subscriptions of over $1,300, raised at a congrega-
tional meeting, held December 24th, 1856.
Up to the year 1858 the Elders had been accus-
tumed to "lift" the collections in the church, but that
year this service was taken over by the Board of
Deacons, assisted by the Trustees, as more properly
In the year 1859 the foundation was laid for a
Pastor's Library for the Second Church by a legacy
HENRY C. MINTON, D. D.
SEPTEMBER 1883-AUGUST 1884
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. l6l
of $250, left by Ira B. Wheeler. Dr. Smith, the
Treasurer Horace Abbott, and William Crichton,
were appointed a Committee to invest the amount of
This year the congregation employed a colpor-
teur, with what result we cannot ascertain.
The Sabbath School requested Session, March
6th, i860, through George Dugdale and Mr. How-
ell, to be allowed to introduce a melodeon into the
school to assist in the singing. After some discus-
sion and several postponements, the request was
June 5th, i860, Dr. Smith announced to the Ses-
sion his election by the General Assembly to be Pro-
fessor of Church Government in Danville Seminary,
Kentucky. After thoughtful consideration, it was
the unanimous opinion of the Session that Dr. Smith
could be most useful in promoting the interests of
our beloved Zion by remaining in Baltimore, and
that if not contrary to his own wishes in the prem-
ises, he remain with us, he having the entire confi-
dence and love of the whole congregation.
Shortly after this meeting of Session and before
any decision was arrived at Dr. Smith sailed for Eu-
rope. Upon his return, at a meeting November 6th,
i860, Dr. Smith informed Session that the call to
Danville Seminary would be submitted to Presby-
tery at its approaching meeting. Dr. Smith also in-
1 62 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
formed Session that there was a movement on foot
toward calling him to the Third Church of Balti-
more, a new church in the Northwestern portion
of the city, and that that day he had received a call
from the Central Church of Cincinnati, Ohio.
The claims of the church upon Dr. Smith's pasto-
ral services were fully presented in Presbytery, the
congregation raising a strong protest against the
separation, saying that, "in the opinion of the con-
gregation, a serious and lasting injury would be
done to the cause of Christ and His Church by
the removal at this time of Dr. Smith from his pres-
ent position. His commanding talents, his persuasive
eloquence, his kind and gentle manners and his faith-
fulness and devotion to his Master's service, have
won for him the regard, esteem and confidence of
this entire community, and have enabled him by the
blessing of God to gather around him in this place a
faithful, active and growing church, one alive to all
the duties of its position, and carrying on all the
great benevolent operations of our church.
"When we compare the condition of our church
eleven years ago with what it is today, we acknowl-
edge our debt of gratitude to the Great Head of the
Church for sending us in our low estate such a
Teacher and Pastor, whose labors have been so
blessed among us. Appreciating as we do the faith-
ful labors of Dr. Smith for the past eleven years in
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 63
this congregation, if it was the wish of his heart to
change the field of his future labors, on the convic-
tion of his judgment that God clearly indicated to
him that the path of duty led to this change, we
would with sorrow acquiesce and give up to the ser-
vice of the General Church another beloved pastor to
follow in the steps of the lamented John Breckin-
Presbytery met on the 13th, 14th and 15th of
November, but it was not until the last day that,
after Dr. Smith had stated he had come to the de-
cision it was his duty to go to Danville, Presbytery
dissolved the pastoral relation.
The Session spread upon the minute book their
estimate of Dr. Smith in the following language :
"Whereas, The General Assembly of our Church,
at its annual session in May last, appointed our late
pastor, the Rev. Dr. Smith, a professor in the Theo-
logical Seminary at Danville, Ky., which appoint-
ment has recently been accepted by him, and the pas-
toral relations between him and our congregation
having been dissolved by the Presbytery of Balti-
more; we, the Elders of the Second Presbyterian
Church, on this, our first meeting as a Session since
the departure of Dr. Smith, record this minute as
an expression of our high opinion of him as a Pas-
tor and a Minister of God ; and of our gratitude for
his long and faithful labors with us as our pastor.
164 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
While onr entire community recognizes his claims to
their confidence and affection, and men of all de-
nominations deeply regret his departure from our
city, we who have been so intimately associated
with him in the Session of the Church, feel that
we have suffered no ordinary loss, and we shall ever
bear in grateful remembrance his great kindness,
gentleness and wisdom, as the Moderator of our
Session, and the many sweet and, we hope, profitable
hours we have passed together as Pastor and Elders.
And with gratitude to the great Head of the Church,
for permitting us for so many years to be thus inti-
mately associated with so gifted and devoted a serv-
ant and minister of the Lord Jesus, we tender to him
the assurance of our unchanging affection, and our
warmest wishes for his success and usefulness in his
new field of labor to which he has been called by the
united voice of the Church; and we feel assured
that, although separated, we and the Church of
which we are officers, will often be remembered by
our late beloved pastor at the Throne of the Heav-
The Board of Trustees similarly expressed their
sorrow at the separation and their high sense of the
character and attainments of Dr Smith, both as a
Pastor and Preacher.
The congregation during the ministry of Dr.
Smith had made a net gain of 102, making the mem-
bership upon his departure 343.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 65
Professor Smith had not been long in his new
field when the war broke out and closed the Semi-
nary. Upon a consolidation of the remnants of the
extinct Third and Fifth Churches, together with a
number of families of the Second Church, largely
through the influence of Dr. J. C. Backus, pastor
of the First Church, Dr. Smith was called to the pas-
torate of the Central Church, and upon acceptance
of the call, was installed pastor on the i6th of March,
1862. In this field, with the abundant blessings of
God, he labored until seventy-five years of age, re-
signing the pastorate in 1893. The congregation
elected him Pastor Emeritus, glad to remember his
long and honorable and efficient labors in its behalf.
Dr. Smith still walks among the churches of Balti-
more Presbytery, like a Prophet Samuel among the
Sons of the Prophets. His gray hairs are a crown
of glory and his presence as the "dew unto Israel;"
his voice a benediction. May he long be spared to
kindle our hearts with the enthusiasm of the past in
the memory of the church's great and noble leaders,
who laid the foundations of the Presbyterian Church
Dr. Smith was Moderator of the General Assem-
bly of 1887, received the degree of Doctor of Divin-
ity from Hampden-Sydney College in 1852, and of
Doctor of Laws from Jefferson College in 1887.
OUR "war-pastor/' GEORGE P. HAYS, D. D.
Shortly after Dr. Smith left the pastorate of the
Second Church the nation was plunged into the aw-
fulness of the fratricidal war. Those were dark
days for the Presbyterian Church in Baltimore.
Sympathizers with both sides in the bloody contest
were to be found in each congregation. The for-
ward movement of the church was arrested and each
congregation found itself in the "deadlock" of mu-
tual suspicion and alienation and strife of the mem-
bers. It was just before the war broke out and this
condition fully obtained that the congregation called
Rev. George P. Hays, at a meeting held January
23d, 1 861, who received the vote of every mem-
ber present, one hundred and thirty-six. The call
was accepted and Mr. Hays installed pastor in
On August nth, 1861, a large congregation was
delighted to hear their old pastor, Rev. Robert J.
Breckinridge, who being upon a visit to the city, was
invited to address his former charge.
It is impossible for us to imagine the conditions
affecting church life in Baltimore for the next five
or six years. And that the pastor of the Second
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 6/
Church was an exceptional man is easily proved by
a glance at the statistical reports of the church. Nor
could it be said of him, as of many, that he had no
opinion upon the questions which were rending our
country. He was a man of strong convictions and of
tried ability in defending them, but with such gra-
ciousness and conciliation did he preach and labor
that it was one long season of growth in grace to
many. So noteworthy was the condition of the
church in 1863 that the Session set forth the facts in
a paper prepared to be read to the Presbytery, in
which they say: "The Session in reviewing the
goodness of God to them as a church for the past
year have great cause for gratitude and thankful-
ness in His keeping them and preserving them from
dangers seen and unseen, from divisions and distrac-
tions, for the forbearance and kindness that has been
exercised one towards another in many things, in
that charity which suffereth long and is kind."
Twenty-one were added to the church upon profes-
sion of faith and thirteen upon certificates. During
the winter Dr. Hays preached in the Maryland In-
stitute in the afternoon of the Sabbath in lieu of the
evening service in the church building, it being the
hope that many non-churchgoers would thereby be
reached. The success was not very marked. The
number of scholars in the Sabbath Schools were re-
ported to be four hundred and teachers forty. In
l68 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
addition, there were two large sewing schools for lit-
tle girls maintained, the number of pupils being three
One of the most notable achievements of this year
was the release, June 27th, 1863, of the ground rent,
which was purchased for $11,000, of which sum
$10,000 was raised by subscriptions. This project,
so happily consummated, originated in a meeting of
Deacons after a church service one Sabbath the
March previous. After earnest consultation with all
the official members of the church, the Board of
Trustees had printed a statement to the congregation
setting forth the desirability of purchasing the
ground rent and their prospects for doing so, with
amount of pledges already made, and calling upon
the congregation to assist, with the splendid result
The morning the address was placed before the
members of the congregation the Pastor preached
a sermon from the text, "Go up to the mountain and
bring wood and build the house and I will take pleas-
ure in it, and I will be glorified, saith the Lord. Ye
looked for much, and lo ! it came to little ; and when
ye brought it home, I did blow upon it. Why ? saith
the Lord of Hosts. Because of mine house that is
waste, and ye run every man unto his own house."
Haggai, i : 8-9.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 69
For one week and a half Dr. Hays canvassed the
congregation to find at the expiration of that time
they were $1,400 short of the $10,000 necessary. It
was decided to lay the whole matter again before the
congregation after the sermon. Here let me quote
the report : "In accordance with this determination,
the Pastor stated the position the effort had then
reached after the sermon of that morning, when to
the glory of God, be it said, the whole amount was
finally secured. The good earnest of the congrega-
tion was remarkably manifested on that occasion,
for by far the greater part remained until the sub-
scription was counted up, determined that if there
had not been enough subscribed they would finish it
before they left. When the fact was announced that
all was guaranteed the Pastor led in a prayer of
thanksgiving for the liberal hearts He had given His
The report adds : "Our success in this undertak-
ing is due mainly to two things. The first is that
very many of our people made it a special subject of
prayer that God would pour out a spirit of liberality
in our midst and enable us to give to this great cause.
We believe it is a manifest answer to prayer. In
the second place Dr. Backus, of the First Church,
gave us one thousand dollars, which was not only
valuable for the money, but also for its encourage-
ment of the belief that success was possible."
170 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
In the year 1864 the question of installing an or-
gan in the church was mooted in Session, and after
provoking considerable discussion, was voted down.
At a meeting of the congregation, held soon after,
the Session was requested to reconsider their action,
which they refused to do, and sent a long letter to
the congregation in support of their position, with
many arguments against the use of instrumental
music in the public worship of God. However, great
men sometimes change their opinions and church-
courts, like our civil legislative bodies, reverse today
what was done so decisively yesterday, so that Ses-
sion, some two years later, October 8, 1866, ap-
proved of "the project of putting an organ into the
church," for which we find the Board of Trustees
arranging the payment June 17, 1867. The organ
cost about $2,800.
In the spring of the year 1865 the congregation
enjoyed a reviving time from the presence of the
Lord, so that extra services were held and an extra
communion proposed. Twenty-five united with the
church upon profession of their faith at one time.
Neighborhood prayer-meetings were revived during
the winter of 1866, with splendid results.
April 13, 1867, Dr. Hays laid before his Session
his call to be Financial Agent of Washington and
Jefiferson College, and his desire that a congrega-
tional meeting be called to prosecute their desires in
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I7I
the matter before Presbytery. The congregation set
forth their disapproval of the proposed resignation
of Dr. Hays, saying that all the members of the
congregation were harmonious in the desire that Dr.
Hays should remain, believing his continuance as
their pastor to be of vital importance to the welfare
of the church ; that there is seldom an instance where
there are stronger and more urgent reasons for the
continuance of the pastoral relations; that they be-
lieved the church and community offered an exten-
sive field for usefulness, which imperiously demands
his attention, and where, with the blessing of God,
his labors may be crowned with a harvest of im-
The following resolution was also passed : "That
in view of the great reluctance of the congregation to
part with him, the interest manifested in his continu-
ance with us by Christians of other denominations
and the undesirableness of further agitations, this
meeting express the earnest desire that Mr. Hays
will decide to comply with our wishes without fur-
ther consultation with Presbytery."
Dr. Hays must have decided to agree to this, for
it was not until the fall of 1868 that his request for
the dissolution of the pastoral relation was pressed
before Presbytery, at which time the congre-
gation, while fully appreciating the zeal and fidel-
ity with which he had devoted himself to the
172 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Spiritual welfare of the congregation, as also his re-
markably successful efforts in relieving the formerly
embarrassed financial situation of the church, and,
while regretting the severance of so pleasant and
fruitful a pastorate, had no desire to restrict his
sphere of usefulness, if he should believe one to be
open to him in which he could accomplish more in
the dissemination of evangelical truth and where his
efTorts would result in increased prosperity to the
Church of Christ."
In this spirit of acquiescense to what was believed
to be the leading of the Holy Spirit, the congrega-
tion parted from their pastor, who had led them in
their troubled passage through perilous times, as
Moses led Israel of old. The pastoral relation was
then dissolved by the Presbytery.
George Price Hays came from that sturdy
Scotch-Irish stock which made Western Pennsylva-
nia the stronghold of liberty, civil and ecclesiastical,
and which has given so many sons to the ministry.
He was born February 2d, 1838, near Canonsburg,
Pa., in which the recent pastor of our church. Rev.
R. Howard Taylor, has been settled over the Presby-
terian Church. His parents' names were John and
Orpha. He graduated at Jefferson College and im-
mediately entered the Western Theological Semi-
nary, and upon completing his course in that institu-
tion, was licensed to preach the Gospel by Pittsburg
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 73
Presbytery, in April, 1859. He was chosen assist-
ant pastor to the Rev. Dr. Painter, of Kittanning,
Pa., and from there came to Baltimore as pastor of
the Second Presbyterian Church.
Dr. Hays became President of Washington and
Jefferson College soon after leaving Baltimore. In
his new field of work that boundless enthusiasm for
which he was so noted as a preacher and pastor,
made him a most popular and aggressive college
president, and did much to place the institution upon
its present secure and honorable foundation. Too
high a tribute cannot be paid to this "war pastor"
of the Second Church. His was the mind to con-
ceive and his the dauntless will to execute. No work
v/as too hard, no sacrifice too great to check that
great spirit. Faith there was, and hope and love —
these three in him abounding, but the greatest of all
was love — and pastor and people were knit together
for one of the very best periods in the history of the
Second Church during one of the very worst and
most distracting periods in the history of our coun-
This prophet of the Most High was called to his
reward in the year 1897.
In the year 1868 the church received a new shin-
gle roof and was frescoed at an expense of $1,700.
The roof remains unto this day, another monument
to the thoroughness with which our fathers per-
formed their tasks.
174 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
On application from the Board of School Com-
missioners the Board of Trustees rented "the lec-
ture room of the church (basement) for the use of
the school now being held in the Eastern Female
High School (which was about to be rebuilt) "at an
annual rental of $600 for a term of two years, more
The congregation was called together December
23d, 1868, for the purpose of calling a pastor to suc-
ceed Dr. Hays. The election resulted in the unani-
mous choice of Rev. Samuel A. Mutchmore, of Phil-
adelphia, at an annual salary of $2,500. Dr. Mutch-
more requested the congregation not to prosecute the
call before the Philadelphia Presbytery, as he did not
see clearly that it was his duty to leave his congrega-
tion at that time as they were in the midst of an in-
teresting revival. To this request the congregation
THE CALL OF JONATHAN EDWARDS, D. D.
March 2nd the congregation met to again elect a
pastor, this time the choice falling upon the Rev.
Dr. Jonathan Edwards, a relative and namesake of
the distinguished Jonathan Edwards, of Massachu-
setts. Dr. Edwards accepted the call at a salary of
$2,500, and the parsonage. The installation service
was held June 8th, 1869. The membership of the
church when Dr. Edwards assumed the pastorate
was 279 and the number of Sabbath School scholars
was 450. The year previous the congregation had
raised for all purposes $6,969.
The Session and Board of Deacons revived this
year the plan of systematic benevolence, formerly in
successful operation, but of late allowed to become
inoperative. This resulted in the following action
by the congregation at their meeting in June, 1870:
*'Each subscriber to the plan of raising funds for
church and benevolent purposes agrees to make
weekly contributions, and all funds so raised to pass
into the hands of the Treasurer of this Board (the
Board of Trustees), with the understanding that
after the current expenses of the church have been
paid and a sufficient amount reserved for repairs, the
176 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
residue shall be turned over to the Elders and Dea-
cons, to be devoted to charitable purposes."
April 4th, 1870, the Board of Trustees adopted a
code of by-laws for the government of their deliber-
For some time the Board of Trustees had had
under contemplation the probable opening of Broad-
way through the Glendy burying ground and also
the feasibility of leasing the remaining ground for
the purpose of erecting thereon a Presbyterian
Church. A committee to search the records to dis-
cover the legal right of the Board to make such
lease reported to the Board July 7th, 1870, that their
title to the graveyard property differed in no respect
from the titles to other church property. The Board
then adopted the following resolutions: ist, that
the Committee on Property be authorized to confer
with the Presbytery of Baltimore, or other parties,
in reference to leasing the graveyard, for the pur-
pose of erecting a Presbyterian Church thereon.
''Resolved, 2nd, That the same committee be au-
thorized to confer with the City Council of Balti-
more in regard to the condemnation of so much of
the graveyard as may be necessary to straighten
The committee was also authorized to employ
counsel, if necessary.
ALEXANDER PROUDFIT, D. D.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 77
According to this authorization the committee in-
serted the following advertisement in the Baltimore
The Trustees of the Second Presbyterian Church
will lease their
Corner of Broadivay and Gay Street,
To a Protestant Society to build a church thereon,
to be forever kept and used as a church and burying
lot only. There is sufficient surplus stone on the lot
to build the walls of a large church, and about one-
half of the lots are unoccupied. Application may
be made to either of the undersigned, Committee on
E. A. Abbott^ Chairman.
John S. Oilman.
The following plan for union meetings for prayer
v^^as laid before Session, December 5th, 1870, by the
pastor. Dr. Edwards, saying that the pastors of Ais-
quith Street and Broadway had agreed with him to
recommend it to their respective Sessions :
1st. That a joint monthly concert of prayer be
held in the churches alternately.
2d. That a joint communion of these churches be
held once in each year.
178 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
3d. That the RuHng Elders be recommended to
meet once a month for prayer and conference."
It is impossible to learn whether this plan was
ever put into operation, or, if it was, what result at-
tended it. There can be no doubt as to the great
pleasure and profit which would attend such meet-
ings and we cannot refrain from expressing the
wish that such practical measures for our greater
spiritual unity and fraternity were more frequently
carried into effect. A new Communion Service was
purchased this year at a cost of $121.85. -^s the sale
of the goblets and baskets of the old service had
realized $136.71, the committee had a balance in
July 1st, 1 87 1, Dr. Edwards communicated to
Session his intention of asking leave of Presbytery
to resign from the pastorate of the Second Church.
The congregation was cited to appear before Pres-
bytery to show cause why this request should not be
granted. The congregation met August 31, 1871,
agreeably to the call for the meeting, and commis-
sioners were appointed to attend the meeting of
Presbytery. The next day Presbytery met and dis-
solved the pastoral relation. Dr. Edwards was soon
afterward called to the pastorate of the First Pres-
byterian Church of Peoria, Illinois, where he passed
the remainder of his life. Having been President of
Washington and Jefferson College before coming to
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 79
Baltimore, he had already attained to some promi-
nence as a thinker and educator. His pulpit dis-
courses were above the average in originality and
ANOTHER MAN FROM PENNSYLVANIA,,
ROBERT H. FULTON.
February 5th, 1872, the congregation met and
elected unanimously Rev. Robert H. Fulton to be
their pastor. This call was accepted and Mr. Fulton,
being received by the Presbytery, began his pastoral
Born in Monongahela City, Mr. Fulton had the
same birthright that gave the promise of a fine char-
acter and consistent Christian conduct, which had
matured so perfectly in Rev. Dr. Hays. Nor was the
congregation disappointed. Mr. Fulton was a mem-
ber of the first class to graduate from the combined
Colleges of Washington and Jefiferson. This was in
1866. He entered the Western Theological Semi-
nary as a student the following fall. He was li-
censed to preach the Gospel in 1871, so that he came
to our congregation very early in his ministry. May
1st, 1872, Mr. Fulton began his ministerial labors,
which were abundantly blessed of the Lord to the
spiritual edification of the people.
As the church building was now twenty years old,
it was found necessary to make repairs aggregating
$2,500, which included our present stained-glass
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. l8l
windows, replacing the "white-frosted panes," which
a writer said, "produced a beautiful effect."
For the purpose of raising the necessary funds for
the church and more perfectly to organize the en-
velope system, the congregation, June 19th, 1872,
elected a Finance Committee, representative of the
various interests of the congregation, upon which
also were a number of ladies. This committee did
The question of the selling of the Breckinridge
Mission property was introduced October, 1872, at
a meeting of the Board of Trustees, on the score of
the cost of maintenance, which some of the Board
felt unwilling to bear. The sale was strenuously op-
posed by the friends of the school, who agreed to pay
the ground rent to save it from being closed. In
July, 1873, a sub-lease on part of the ground was
made on order of the Board, the revenue from which
left only about ten dollars for the school to pay.
This arrangement saved the life of the school for
another twenty years, at which time, July 14th,
1892, it was reported to the Board that Mr. Robert
H. Smith, acting as their attorney by appointment,
had sold the property to the state for $3,250, the
state desiring to erect the new Penitentiary upon
As the Breckinridge Mission had now no home,
the project was abandoned, the scholars, as already
j82 one hundred years history
stated, were turned over to Hope Institute, and the
receipts from the sale of the property were held by
the Board as a fund upon which to draw from time
to time, for permanent improvements to the church
In the year 1873 '^^^^ present method of emphasiz-
ing the benevolent objects for which contributions
are asked of the congregation was introduced. Pre-
vious to that time the offering was received without
stating the object for which it was intended, nor
how the amount was to be divided.
Another interesting question came before the con-
gregation March, of this year, namely, whether to
elect the elders for a term of years or for life. The
arguments of the conservative members prevailed.
No doubt this matter was agitated at this time be-
cause it had received some attention from the prev-
ious General Assembly.
The fiscal year was changed at this same meeting
so as to begin on the ist of April, instead of the ist
of July, as heretofore. This change was made that
our fiscal year might correspond with that of the
different boards of the church.
Much attention had already been exacted of the
Board of Trustees and constant and irritating ex-
penses incurred by the Glendy burying ground,
which at one time was tlie finest in the city, but
which had by the development of other and more
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 83
public cemeteries, become practically abandoned so
far as its original purpose was concerned. There
was no income ; there was, on the other hand, a con-
stant outlay. To aggravate this situation the cemetery
became the rendezvous of the criminal and maraud-
ing classes of that section of the city, who openly
broke into vaults and robbed the very coffins of the
dead, and this sacred spot was given over to utter
desolation and wanton destruction. This condition of
affairs was owing to the fact that the cemetery was
just upon the outskirts of the city, which was rapidly
pushing beyond it. There was not the protection
necessary from the mischievous boys and men which
there should have been. The vandalism was some-
what stopped by the rebuilding of the eastern wall,
which had partially fallen down.
The question of opening Broadway, which had
been improved up to the southern wall of the ceme-
tery, was one of time only. This avenue would cut
off more than one-third of the ground ; Chase street
extended would obliterate a small part, while Biddle
street run through would make in all nearly one-half
the ground pre-empted. As the balance would be
too small for cemetery purposes, and was, as well,
inside the growing city, the Board of Trustees de-
termined upon some course which would be at once
an improvement to that section of the city, and at the
same time provide a place of worship for the resi-
184 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
dents, while permanently preserving the resting
places of illustrious dead from demolition.
A canvass of the lot-holders and of the residents
in the vicinity of the cemetery revealed a unanimity
of sentiment in favor of building a church upon such
portion of the property as would not be taken for the
contemplated city improvements. This movement
on the part of the Board was publicly and strenu-
ously opposed by a small minority of the lot-holders,
who held a meeting to devise a way, if possible, of
dispossessing the Trustees of the Second Church
from their trust, charging them with dereliction of
duty and mercenary motives and intentions. Suit
was entered to dispossess the Board, that the prop-
erty might be turned over to the complainants. It
appears from the vigorous and sufficient answer
which was made to this "minority meeting" that
the Board of Trustees had agreed to lease to some
"properly organized and legally chartered company,
all that portion of the ground lying west of the
westernmost line of Broadway, for the purpose of
building a church thereon, and burying the dead
only — the company obligating themselves to keep the
wall or fence in good order, paying for the lease ten
dollars per annum for ninety-nine years, renewable,
the Trustees reserving the vacant lots in which to
deposit the dead now lying in the bed of Broadway.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 85
"Broadway must soon be opened and the Trustees
are desirous that everything in relation to the sub-
ject should be done in a reputable and business-like
manner. The Presbytery has moved in the matter
so far as to appoint a committee to investigate the
whole subject with a view to accept the offer of the
Trustees, with the Rev. George Morrison as their
Chairman, from whom any information may be ob-
tained in regard to the proceedings of his commit-
tee or the Trustees."
In the fall of 1874, City Councils condemned the
ground for the opening of Broadway, but upon the
next day rescinded this action upon the complaint of
certain lot-holders holding lots in fee-simple, being
established prior to the preparation of Poppleton's
map of the city. The city then condemned the
ground to the north of the cemetery and proceeded
to open Broadway from that point, leaving the ceme-
tery as it was. Early in the year 1875 the negotia-
tions with the Presbyterian Association were
brought to a successful issue and the Board of Trus-
tees vacated their trust in the Glendy burying ground
to "the Presbyterian Association of Baltimore" upon
their guarantee that such sum of money as should be
awarded as damages for the opening of Broadway
and Biddle street, and the cutting off of the project-
ing corner of Chase street, should be appropriated to
the transfer of the bodies lying in ground thus
1 8b ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
condemned. Any excess of money to be applied to
the erection of a church building upon the premises.
The Church Property Committee who had had
the burden of this negotiation and had borne not a
little abuse from disappointed lot-holders, announced
to the next meeting of the Board, July 6th, 1875,
the settlement of the business, and expressed their
All the matters of trust in the original deed hav-
ing been satisfied and the reservations no longer be-
ing of any value, upon application, the Board of
Trustees authorized the execution of a deed, convey-
ing to the Presbyterian Association of the City of
Baltimore, an absolute fee-simple estate, free from
all trust reservations and conditions, in and for the
property which is fully described in the deed bearing
date June loth, 1875, and duly recorded.
This quit-claim deed was executed in the interest
of Faith Presbyterian Church, which was the result
of the determination of the Trustees to preserve the
old historic ground for the purpose. Its fine edi-
fice, its growing congregation and efficient service
for Christ in the spread of the Gospel in that com-
munity, amply justifies the action taken.
There is preserved also so much of the burial
ground and its former "glory" as to remind us con-
tinually of the time when equally with Westminster
burying ground, the city's illustrious dead were car-
ried thither for burial.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 187
First in the long roll must be Dr. John Glendy,
first pastor of our church, who was buried beside his
wife amid the mourning of a vast concourse of peo-
ple. Then next, that illustrious patriot soldier, Gen-
eral William McDonald, who, with his but little less
eminent son, Samuel, lies in the family vault just to
the left of the main entrance. In times of peace as
successful as in times of war, he amassed a large for-
tune in the establishment of a line of packets to ports
on the Chesapeake, afterwards a steamboat line, and
then absorbed and operated by the Philadelphia, Wil-
mington and Baltimore Railroad Company.
Not far from the McDonald vault lay the remains
of Alexander Brown, founder of the banking firm
of A. Brown & Sons, The body was subsequently
removed to Greenmount cemetery. The old coun-
try seat of the Brown's lay just north of the ceme-
tery, the mansion standing upon what is now the bed
of Broadway. William Crawford and Robert
Moore, merchants of renown in their day; James
Beatty, the powder manufacturer; Henry Anderson,
who had come over in the vessel with Glendy ; John
Hollins, father of ex-Mayor Hollins; James Law,
father of ex-Mayor Colonel James O. Law ; George
Stiles, Mayor of Baltimore in 1817; Dr. John Camp-
bell Whyte, grandfather of William Pinkney Whyte,
and Judge Campbell Whyte Pinkney, are all buried
there. Of the "Old Defenders" not a few are rest-
l88 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
ing in "Old Glendy;" George W. Miller, who served
under Major Armstead during the bombardment of
Fort McHenry; John Jephenson, wounded at the
Battle of North Point; Captain John Kennedy, who
commanded the Twenty-seventh Regiment of Mary-
land Militia at North Point; Oliver H. Nelson, whose
monument was erected by the Independent Volunteers
to "their estimable commander, as a testimony of
their regard to his virtues ;" John Cross, a soldier of
the Revolutionary War, and who gave three sons to
the service of his country in the war of 1812. Of "old
sea captains" the list is long, from which we select :
Captain Thorndyke Chase, who owned Chase's
Wharf; Captain Arch. Kerr, owner of Kerr's
Wharf; Captain Baptist Messick, owner of Messick's
Wharf; Captain James Gibson, owner of Gibson's
Wharf; Captains Thomas Cole, Russell Kilbourne,
George Hobson, T. Gardner, George F. de Laroche,
David Burke, William Conkling.
Drs. William H. and Alexander Clendenin, John
Coulter, J. B. Stansbury, Andrew Aitken, Captain
Herman Perry, father of Herman and Albert Perry,
connected with A. Brown & Sons; George Dobbin,
one of the founders of newspaper journalism in Bal-
Here, then, were buried the men who had risked
their all in the future of our city. They had in-
vested their capital and upon necessity were willing
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 1 89
to sacrifice their lives. And whether they walked
our streets as merchants, or looked into the mouths
of frowning guns from behind our city's defenses,
or trod the deck of those fast vessels which made the
"Baltimore clipper" famous the world over, or in
municipal or state affairs, exercised authority, these
men were princes among men, and their names were
household words in their day. Who, when the
mourners stood about the open graves of these prec-
ious dead, could have prophesied or devised across
the intervening years a more fitting sequel to the in-
evitable encroachments of the city, than that there
should stand, guardian of their dust, the splendid
place of worship where now the living generation
praises God. Life reigns, not death. The Son of
God hath abolished death by His own death upon the
cross. Better, nor more fitting monument to the liv-
ing memories of these men, could not be conceived.
The year 1874 resulted in large effort for the
spiritual reviving of the congregation. A catecheti-
cal class was started by the pastor among the children
of the congregation, meeting once a month on Sab-
bath afternoon, in which Mr. Fulton had the assist-
ance of members of the Session. The attendance
upon public worship increased and the contributions
were materially enlarged, while many were turned to
seek the Savior. The total number of communicants
were 259, the contributions to Home Missions $949
190 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
and to Foreign Missions $1,081. The total resources
and expenditures for the year footing up $10,390.
In recognition of his successful labors, the congrega-
tion increased their pastor's salary $500.
November 8th, 1875, the pastor reported to Ses-
sion that he had organized a Sabbath School Teach-
ers' Class for the study of the Sabbath School lesson,
under his personal instruction. The chapel, which
at that time adjoined the church, was refitted and
thereafter used for the prayer-meetings, being first
occupied by the congregation morning and evening
during the week of prayer, beginning January 3d,
1876. The meetings following the week of prayer
proved to be of such unusual interest that they were
continued a considerable time.
A circular letter was prepared by the pastor by
order of the Session, and distributed to the members
of the congregation. This letter reviewed the facts
about the Sabbath contributions and laid down the
Scriptural principles relative thereto. The "envelope
system" is thus presented. "It has stood a trial among
us of six years, and we are convinced that it is alto-
gether the most satisfactory method with which we
are acquainted. Its merits are obvious. In it the
poor and the rich can meet together. It works in
quiet. It offers no temptation to ostentatious giv-
ing. It affords the treasury a regular and constant
supply. By distributing the burden into equal Sab-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I9I
bath portions, it is at no time oppressive, and it has
resulted always in large aggregate collections." Then
followed a comparative table, "proving," as the letter
adds, "that what we need is not less of our present
system, but more of it. Our whole people should
give this way."
November, 1878, marked another of those deter-
mined, enthusiastic and successful efforts to free the
church from the burden of debt. The congregation
carried unanimously and with a rising vote the mo-
tion to take steps to pay off the debt. The questions
of "how" and "when" were answered in the forma-
tion of the following subscription paper : "We, the
undersigned, uniting in a congregational effort to
pay off the debt of the Second Presbyterian Church
of Baltimore, agree to take the number of shares set
opposite our names, respectively (the amount of the
debt had been divided into 8,000 shares at 50 cents
each), with the understanding that our subscription
shall not be demanded before the whole amount of
said debt shall have been provided for, the money
to be paid before the ist day of January, 1879."
That very night over 5,000 shares were taken and
? goodly sum in cash handed in.
The year 1879 was marked by the accession of 58
members on profession of their faith in Jesus Christ,
making the total number of communicants that year
347. There were in the Sabbath School 559 scholars.
192 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
The year 1881 saw the passing of the old pulpit,
inconvenient and obsolete, and the erection of our
present platform and pulpit, which we still admire.
On the 26th of September, 1881, the congregation
united with the Aisquith Street Church and engaged
in solemn services in commemoration of our assassi-
nated President, General James A. Garfield.
ROBERT HOWARD TAYLOR
AN EFFORT TOWARD UNION.
There was inaugurated this same year a movement
which was the beginning of negotiations having far-
reaching effects upon the congregation's future. We
refer to the planning to erect a new Sabbath School
building. At the congregational meeting of Janu-
ary 12, 1 88 1, the following named gentlemen,
Messrs. Peter Thompson, D. D. Mallory, F. L. Shep-
herd, Robert H. Smith and J. B. Small were ap-
pointed a committee to collect funds for the building
of a Sabbath School. It was then proposed to build
it upon the vacant lot and embrace the lecture room.
It was argued that cheerfulness and brightness and
comfort would tend to greatly increase the numbers
of the school. On April 4th following, Mr. Small
reported to the Board a subscription list toward
this object of $5,500, "with others to hear from."
The Board immediately appointed a Committee con-
sisting of Messrs. Mallory, Thompson and Small,
oi the Board of Trustees, and Messrs. Smith and
Yeisley, of the congregation and Sabbath School, to
have plans prepared and receive specifications and
obtain estimates for the building of a Sabbath School
room and parsonage. Very early in these negotia-
194 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
tions the feasibility of a change of location for the
Second Church came to be discussed. It was thought
by many that our present location was unfavorable
for future growth, owing to the rapid change in the
character of the surrounding community, and that
if a change was to be made it would be much better
to make it before the expenditure of such a sum of
money as was contemplated in the proposed improve-
ments. Accordingly, at its meeting on April loth,
1882, the Board decided "that it is the sense of the
Board of Trustees that they are prepared to sell the
present church property." The Moderator was in-
structed to call a congregational meeting to take ac-
When the congregation convened, April 19th fol-
lowing, the Moderator stated the object of the meet-
ing to be "to see if our congregation was ready to
make a change of location or not." It was decided
that two-thirds of all votes cast would be necessary
The following resolution was then submitted :
"Whereas, The matter of a removal of this
church to a location eastward of its present site has
been submitted to this congregation;
"Resolved, That this congregation approve of the
change proposed, and that the Board of Trustees
be and is hereby authorized whenever in its judg-
ment it may appear expedient, to dispose of the pres-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I95
ent church property, and to apply the proceeds to the
erection of a new church building in a favorable lo-
The ballots when counted read :
For the Resolution 58 votes
Against the Resolution .... 48 votes
So that the resolution was lost. It was felt, how-
ever, by the friends of the movement, that the voice
of the entire congregation had not been heard. But
not until January 3rd of the following year was the
matter presented again. At this meeting the Mod-
erator, Mr. Fulton, after stating the object of the
meeting, gave "a fair and plain statement of the rea-
sons, for and against the change, also a statement of
the result of the trial ballots sent out by the Joint
Committee of the Session and Trustees," showing a
two-thirds majority of the votes favoring the re-
moval, and that this was why the meeting was called.
A majority of the votes cast was to decide. The
result showed : In favor of removal, 68 ; against re-
moval, 36. The vote to change location was then
When it became known to the congregation that
the Broadway Presbyterian Church was at the same
time contemplating a change of location, which
would, if the Second Church should build further
East, bring the two churches into very close prox-
196 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
imity, the Session and Board of Trustees in joint
session prepared and adopted the following paper,
January 30th, 1883:
"Whereas, The congregation of the Second
Presbyterian Church, after careful deliberation, has
authorized the Board of Trustees to sell the prop-
erty corner Baltimore and Lloyd streets, with a view
to a new building in a more eligible location ; and,
"Whereas, This action was prompted by a desire
to promote Presbyterianism, present and future, and
with no desire whatever of injuring or interfering
with the property of any other church of Christ ; and,
"Whereas, It has been reported to us that the
Broadway Presbyterian Church, corner South
Broadway and Gough streets, has been looking to-
ward a removal to the neighborhood in which our
congregation is desirous of building; and,
"Whereas, The erection of two churches of the
same faith in one and the same field might not result
i.'i the success of both and in the greatest good to
the general cause ; therefore,
"Resolved, (i) That the following Committee,
consisting of Elders Jacob Yeisley and Thomas G.
Doyle; Trustees, Peter Thompson, D. D. Mallory
and John W. Bay be appointed to confer with the
Session and Trustees of the Broadway Presbyterian
Church, in the hope of reconciling conflicting inter-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I97
"Resolved, (2) That said Committee is hereby au-
thorized to assure said officers of the Broadway
Church of our fraternal regard, of our aim to pro-
mote the common cause, and, if to that end it should
be thought good for the Broadway and the Second
Presbyterian Churches to unite in one organiza-
tion and erect one new building in the neighborhood
contemplated, to encourage any basis of union which
might appear equitable and feasible."
On February 20th, 1883, the following communi-
cation was received from the Session of Broadway
Presbyterian Church :
"To the Session and Trustees of the Second Pres-
byterian Church of Baltimore :
Dear Brethren. — The resolutions passed at
your meeting of January 30th were duly laid before
us, the Session and Trustees of the Broadway Pres-
byterian Church. We heartily reciprocate your de-
sire to reconcile conflicting interests between our
"After maturely considering your communication,
we respectfully reply, that, inasmuch as your action
and proposals involve the interests of our denomina-
tions in a large and important part of our city, and
may imperil advantages that have been the growth
of about eighty years in the case of the Second
Church and almost half as long in the Broadway
Church, we are unwilling to assume any responsi-
bility in relation to the proposed movement.
198 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
"We, therefore, most respectfully propose for
counsel and advice, to refer the whole matter to the
Presbytery, to which body, in our view, pertains the
right to unite or divide congregations, at the re-
quest of the people, or to form or receive new con-
gregations, and in general to order whatever pertains
to the spiritual welfare of the churches under their
care. (Form of Gov. X, : viii.)
"We can answer no further until after the whole
matter has been submitted to Presbytery at its next
stated meeting in order that we may be advised of
proper action in the case."
The following reply was then adopted by our Ses-
sion and the Trustees, and forwarded, February
To the Session and Trustees of the Broadway Pres-
byterian Church of Baltimore:
"Dear Brethren. — Your communication of the
6th inst., having been considered, we respectfully an-
"That the paper adopted at our meeting of the
30th of January has fully acquainted you with our
desires. Our people consenting (See Form of Gov.
X., viii.), we should be happy to unite with you
and your people in a request to have our respective
"In the absence, however, of an expressed desire
for union on the part of both the congregations in-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. I99
terested, we are not aware of any business which re-
quires joint action to bring before Presbytery."
This answer was forwarded to the Session and
Trustees of the Broadway Church.
In the meantime active measures were taken in the
negotiations for the sale of the old property and the
securing an option upon an available site for a new
building. The subscriptions toward the new church
now amounted to $7,000, with a prospect of its
shortly amounting to $10,000.
September, 1882, the Session decided to introduce
the singing of the Long Meter Doxology at the be-
ginning of the service, if the pastor so desired.
May 3d, 1883, the pastor announced to the Session
his having received a call to become the pastor of the
Northminster Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia,
and "that there were such providential circumstances
as made him believe he ought to accept it." He
asked that a congregational meeting be called to con-
sider the matter. The congregation convened May
16th, 1883, Rev. J. C. Backus, Moderated the meet-
ing, and stated its object, after which Mr. Fulton
gave his reasons for desiring the congregation to ac-
quiesce in the request to the Presbytery asking for a
dissolution of the pastoral relation. After remarks
by a number expressive of the warm affection of the
members for Mr. Fulton, it was moved :
200 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
"That the congregation consent to the dissolu-
tion of the pastoral relation."
Suitable resolutions were drawn up by a commit-
tee appointed by the meeting, in which in the heart-
iest terms, the esteem in which Mr. Fulton was held
by every member of the church, was set forth. June
3rd, 1883, Mr. Fulton preached his farewell sermon
and declared the pulpit vacant.
Robert H. Fulton was a uniformly successful pas-
tor, whom everybody loved. He aimed to teach his
people rather than preach at them. His sermons,
while not lacking in oratorical ability, yet never made
that an end in itself. The opening up of Scripture
and the incitement of his hearers to lay hold of and
appropriate the truth was the end sought. He was
most faithful as a pastor, and expended liberally his
bodily and mental powers in the behalf of his people.
The congregation enjoyed an almost uninterrupted
reviving under his ministry, and gained steadily in
numbers and Christian zeal.
Mr. Fulton died while still the pastor of North-
minster Church, Philadelphia, in the year 1897.
The following September the congregation elected
unanimously the Rev. Henry C. Minton to be their
pastor, at a salary of $2,400 per annum. Mr. Min-
ton began pastoral work Sabbath, the 9th of De-
cember, and his installation was arranged for the
evening of April 24th following. Much to the dis-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 20I
may of the congregation, the installation services
were, owing to the ill-health of the pastor-elect, nec-
essarily postponed. At the meeting of Session, May
8th, 1884, Mr. Minton stated that his physician had
recommended him to desist from study and active
pastoral work for some months to come. The Ses-
sion immediately made arrangements for supplying
the pulpit until Mr. Minton should recover his
health. The following July the Session was infor-
mally called together after the Sabbath morning ser-
vice and informed by Mr. Minton that his health
was still such as to prevent his doing the pastoral
work needed, and, therefore, he would withdraw
from the position of pastor-elect. It was then agreed
that his services should terminate with the ist of
August following. After leaving Baltimore Mr.
Minton sought health and found it upon the Pacific
Coast, where his strong personality and finely cul-
tured mind soon won him a large place in the affairs
of a rapidly growing church and state. Being a pro-
fessor in the Theological Seminary at Berkeley, Cali-
fornia, and pastor of a large Presbyterian congre-
gation, made him, in 1901, the most logical and the
strongest candidate from the great West for the
highest honors of the Church, the Moderatorship
of the General Assembly. With good judgment,
that never failed ; with courtesy, that never faltered,
and with devotion to duty that never flagged. Dr.
202 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Minton served the Church in the Moderator's chair.
Since then he has served as Chairman of the Assem-
bly's Committee on the Revision of the Confession
Dr. Minton has but recently removed from Cali-
fornia to assume the pastorate of the First Presby-
terian Church of Trenton, N. J.
When Mr. Minton was elected pastor of the Sec-
ond Church, it seemed certain that the congregation
would remove from their present location, and his
acceptance of the Call was with that understanding;
to this end also negotiations had gone so far as to
secure an option on a fine piece of property situated
on Broadway just north of Baltimore street. It
soon developed, according to resolutions passed in
Session April nth, 1884, that a satisfactory price
could not be secured for the old property, and that
there was a fear that the erection of a new building
would involve the congregation deeply in debt. Ac-
cordingly, the Board of Trustees decided not to sell
the old property, but to erect the new Sabbath School
building formerly contemplated, and to repair the
church building thoroughly. This decision was the
more easily arrived at because Mr. Minton had him-
self regarded as hopeful the present feelings of har-
mony and enthusiasm respecting the work upon the
old ground ; and, not desiring to endanger the inter-
ests of the church by reconsidering and declining
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 203
the call to its pastorate, early in the spring had sub-
mitted the question of his installation to the de-
cision of the Session.
The new Sabbath School building was then
erected, occupying the site of the parsonage, which
had stood for so many years, and also of the old
chapel. Messrs. F. L. Shepherd, George L. Krebs
and Jacob Oster were appointed a Building Commit-
tee, with full power to act in the carrying out of the
plans of the Board of Trustees. The contract was
for $8,000. The committee also had charge of need-
ed repairs to the main church building. The new
Sabbath School building was completed and occu-
pied about the beginning of the New Year, and the
Building Committee at the meeting of the Board,
February 3rd, 1885, was discharged, with the thanks
of the Board, "for their excellent service." The
total cost of building and repairs was upward of
$10,000. The church was now in possession of a
splendid equipment for her work and a thoroughly
united and harmonious congregation, with renewed
zeal and energy, appreciating its opportunity, cheer-
fully assuming responsibility for the spread of the
Gospel in the old community, has steadily increased
in efficiency until this day.
A beautiful set of pulpit furniture was presented
to the church by Mrs. J. C. Luddington in memory of
her husband, Jesse C. Luddington, who had been
204 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
elected to the eldership in the Second Church, but
though accepting the office, had passed away to his
eternal rest before the ordination.
Soon after entering the new school building the
time of holding the Session was changed from the
afternoon to the morning. The report of the School
Committee showed the school to be in a flourishing
AN ERA OF ORGANIZATION ; ALEX. PROUDFIT, D. D.
The congregation ever since the resignation of
Mr. Minton had been taking active steps toward the
securing of a pastor, and on April ist, 1885, met and
elected unanimously Rev. Alexander Proudfit to be
their pastor at an annual salary of $2,400. Mr.
Proudfit, preaching in the church April 12th, an-
nounced to the congregation his acceptance of the
call. He was installed pastor by the Presbytery the
following May. Rev. Alexander Proudfit was born in
New York City April 15th, 1839. His father was
Rev. John Wm. Proudfit, D. D. After graduating
from Rutgers College, he entered the Seminary con-
nected v^ith that institution to study theology. He
completed his theological course at Princeton Semi-
nary and was ordained an Evangelist by the Pres-
bytery of New York in September, 1862. Mr.
Proudfit proceeded immediately for the seat of war
and was at first engaged in the work of the Sanitary
Commission, afterwards receiving from President
Lincoln an appointment as chaplain in the hospital
service of the regular army, in which he served till
the close of the war. A letter written to a classmate,
206 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Rev. Francis B, Hodge, gives some interesting facts
of his early history :
LovELL General Hospital, U. S. A.
Portsmouth Grove, R. I.
March 22d, 1865.
Dear Classmate. — Your circular did not reach
me till the second week in March, but hoping that it
is not now too late, I comply with your request. On
leaving the Seminary in 1862, I went immediately
into the Hospital Transport Service under the Sani-
tary Commission. On the 7th of June following I
was sent to Newport News, Va., as Volunteer Chap-
lain, with the expectation of a government appoint-
ment. I labored there till the end of July, when I
was taken severely ill and forced to come to the
North. I was ordained by the First Presbytery of
New York City early in September and was commis-
sioned Hospital Chaplain in the United States Army
September 15th, and ordered to this hospital for
The Lord has most graciously owned my unwor-
thy labors in His vineyard by granting me to see
the result in the conversion of many souls to Him-
self, the upbuilding of His people and the reclama-
tion of many, who had wandered from the fold."
After leaving the army at the close of the war,
Mr. Proudfit made a tour of Europe. Upon his re-
turn he was invited to preach in the Presbyterian
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 20/
Church of Clayton, N. J., a small congregation
struggling for existence. He was installed the first
pastor of this little church November ist, 1866.
For twelve years, with unwearying labors, he min-
istered to this congregation, and when called, in
1878, to the Hackettstown Church, left them strong
and vigorous. He remained in Hackettstown for
seven years, where the same unremitting labors
weakened his magnificent constitution, and he was
compelled to take a rest. It was upon the resump-
tion of active work that he received his call to the
Second Presbyterian Church, and he began his labors
In 1885 the Finance Committee of the Board of
Trustees prepared a circular to the congregation
setting forth the amount of money needed to meet
the running expenses of the congregation and the
probable revenue, and urging each member to a more
liberal contribution systematically given, that there
might be no deficit at the close of the year.
A card was enclosed to be signed by the contribu-
tor, upon which was to be placed also the amount
pledged. The congregation responded nobly to this
plea of the Board.
February 19th, 1886, Session decided that in fu-
ture only unfermented wine should be used upon
208 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
In their voluminous narrative to Presbytery for
this year, Session reports a spirit of revival in the
congregation, as a result of which thirty-six were
added to the membership upon profession of their
faith in Christ. This was not the result of special
services, but of faithful preaching and pastoral
During this year a Committee of Session canvass-
ed the growing neighborhood to the Northeast with
a view of beginning mission work, but for some rea-
son the project was abandoned.
In 1888, Dr. Proudfit printed a small pamphlet en-
titled "Gathering Up the Fragments," a study of
three years' work — May, 1885, to May, 1888 — from
which we cull much information concerning the work
of the church in those first years of his pastorate.
One of the organizations of the church which had
its beginning within this time was the Young Peo-
ple's Society of Christian Endeavor. On the second
Sabbath after his installation Dr. Proudfit preached
on the subject of "Finding and Bringing" (Jno. i :
41, 43), and invited the young people to meet him in
the chapel at the close of the service. Fifty-two per-
sons responded and resolved to organize a Christian
Endeavor Society. The organization was effected the
following Wednesday evening, May 20th, 1885, by
the adoption of a constitution and the election of
officers. Forty-one names were enrolled at the or-
THOMAS HOLMES WALKER
INSTALLED OCTOBER 4TH, 1901
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 2O9
ganization. Over one hundred and forty were en-
rolled during the first three years. Numbers were
brought into the church through the influence of the
society and a splendid work was done. Church ser-
vices were better attended, the study of God's Word
was stimulated and Christians were built up in faith
This was the first Christian Endeavor Society or-
ganized in the State of Maryland, and still with
vigor occupies a prominent place in the activities of
The Pastors' Aid Society is another organization
which began its existence in 1886. The first meet-
ing was called and the society organized April 2nd,
1886. The object of this society was to aid the
pastor in his work in those ways in which woman is
the most efficient helper. To combine and unify in
one organization the various woman's agencies of
work, missionary, charitable, etc., etc., so that there
may be economy and harmony of working. Some
forty ladies co-operated. A large "Visiting Com-
mittee" made social calls in the congregation, look-
ing up and reporting to the pastor such matters as
required his pastoral care.
The "Dorcas Committee" maintained a flourish-
ing sewing school on Saturday afternoons, the schol-
ars numbering one hundred and twenty. The "Com-
mittee on the Care of the Church Property" keeps a
2IO ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
watchful eye on the church property and co-operates
with the Board of Trustees in any way necessary.
When the EvangeHcal AlHance conducted its
"house-to-house" visitation, this society united with
the High Street M. E. Church in canvassing the dis-
trict bounded by Baltimore street on the North, Cen-
tral avenue on the East, Jones Falls on the West and
the harbor on the South. Great good is said to have
resulted, numbers of children being brought into the
Sabbath School, increased attendance upon the
church services, while some persons were found who
thought the church had forgotten them.
In this year the "Willing Hearts," a missionary
circle, was organized among some young ladies of
the congregation by Mrs. Proudfit. They collected a
missionary library and monthly meetings were held
for prayer and conference. They met in the homes
of the members to engage in sewing, the proceeds of
which were donated to Home and Foreign Mis-
sions. "This circle is doing a great work in many
In the fall of 1886 some children (under 12) catch-
ing this spirit of organization, of their own accord
formed a mission band and honored their pastor by
calling themselves the "Alexander Proudfit Mission
Band." The Band had fourteen members, met
monthly for the study of missionary literature and
work and prayer.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 211
"One of the most encouraging developments of the
last three years."
Of the finances of the church much might be said
of an encouraging nature. When the new Sabbath
School was built and the repairs upon the church
completed the congregation found itself, in the
spring of 1885, $7,000 in debt, $6,000 of which was
a mortgage upon the church property. The Trus-
tees in 1886 took active measures to extinguish this
indebtedness; and, as invariably they had done be-
fore, the members responded.
The following plan was devised and proceeded
upon : The people were invited to give a specified
number of cents per day, payable in monthly instal-
ments ; subscriptions were received from one cent to
one hundred cents per day, so that in February,
1888, together with the amount realized from two
legacies, the entire sum needed was obtained.
During this time the benevolences of the congre-
gation had steadily increased from $1,026, given in
1885, to $3,836, given in 1888. In the same period
of time the amount of money subscribed for congre-
gational purposes almost doubled.
"Gathering up the fragments," Dr. Proudfit de-
clared, was the principle upon which the congrega-
tion was working and which had yielded such splen-
did results. Such a record showed the presence of
ability, material and spiritual, which only needed de-
212 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
velopmeiit to yield splendid results. No Communion
season passed in all those years without some addi-
tions to the church. Ninety-three in all had become
members, and there had been a decided growth in the
spirituality and working power of the church. How
true we find this statement from Dr. Proudfit's pen :
"Our church occupies a peculiar and very important
field. Its work can be done by no other Presbyterian
Church. Its past record is noble, but it has a still
higher mission to perform."
At a meeting of the congregation, held May 2d,
1888, the General Assembly's plan of systematic be-
neficence was adopted, and the Session, May 15th,
presented the following plan :
Plan of Systematic Beneficence.
We recognize these general principles as taught
by God's Word.
1. All should give toward the support of God's
2. All should give toward the spreading of the
Our present plan of church support, in addition
to pew rents, embraces a system of weekly offerings,
handed in every Sabbath, in zuhite envelopes. It is not
intended that these contributions should be in any
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 21 3
way interfered with. It has, therefore, been thought
best to arrange the offerings for benevolence in
monthly payments, for which brown envelopes will
be furnished to each member of the congregation.
Each package of envelopes will be accompanied with
the "Private Pledge," recommended by the General
Assembly, which members are earnestly requested to
fill out and sign, not for the inspection of others, but
as a record of their purpose in the sight of God. En-
velopes containing these "Offerings for Benevo-
lence" should be placed upon the collection plate on
the first Sabbath of each month.
The money received through these envelopes, after
first setting aside $10.00 monthly as a fund to be
distributed monthly by the Session among objects
not specified, shall be distributed as follows :
To the Board of Foreign Missions .... 38 per cent.
To the Board of Home Missions 30 per cent.
To the Board of Church Erection 6 per cent.
To the Board of Missions for Freed-
men 8 per cent.
To the Board of Education 4 per cent.
To the Board of Aid for Colleges 2 per cent.
To the Board of Ministerial Relief. ... 6 per cent.
To the Board of Publication and Sun-
day School Work 4 per cent.
To the Board of Sustentation 2 per cent.
214 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Should any person desire to contribute especially
to any one of these Boards or to other benevolent
objects, they can do so by placing such contributions
in an envelope bearing- their request. Such individ-
ual preferences will be always respected.
On the I St Sabbath of each month from October
to May, inclusive, the pastor will direct special atten-
tion to the needs of some one of these Boards of the
Church; and the plate collection, not contained in
envelopes, taken on such occasions, shall be devoted
to the work of the particular board then presented.
Contributions for the Deacons' Fund will be made
on Communion Sabbath, as heretofore.
The Session retains the right to bring to the atten-
tion of the congregation any special object not herein
designated, by giving one week's notice.
The earnest and prayerful co-operation of each of
the congregation is desired.
Session of Second Presbyterian Church, May,
The statistical report for this year to Presbytery
showed a total of $3,836 — given to all benevolences
— which included $1,028 to Home Missions and
$1,185 to Foreign Missions; the grand total for the
year to all purposes being $11,456; the whole num-
ber of communicants being 279, which would mean
an average of $41.00 per member per year.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 21 5
In the narrative for 1889 the Session reports the
Sabbath School never to have been in a more flour-
ishing condition ; 636 scholars in the home school, of
whom during the year a goodly number confessed
Of the new plan of systematic benevolence, they
say : "It has worked remarkably well thus far, and
we hope for still better results in the future." A
state of revival for some two months was reported,
during which time eighteen confessed Christ, mak-
ing twenty-six in all for the year.
What splendid years these were which witnessed
such additions on Confession of Faith and such con-
tributions to the Lord's work. In the first seven
years of Dr. Proudfit's pastorate one hundred and
seventy souls were added to the church upon con-
fession of their faith, and a grand total of $22,602
contributed to the benevolence of the church through
The year 1892 saw financial stress throughout the
country, and the church naturally felt the stringency
in her diminished resources, yet these extraordinary
expenses were incurred : The organ was brought
down from the gallery and given a place in the
southeast corner of the church, which cost $502,
and by the widening of Baltimore street the church
was compelled to expend $366 more. Yet, in spite
of all these things, the church could show a clean
2l6 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
balance sheet at the end of the year and a small sur-
plus in the Treasury.
Dr. Proudfit offered in the financial stress, when
it seemed as though there would be a deficit at the
end of the year, to allow his salary to be reduced by
two hundred dollars, but the Board firmly declined
to accept the offer. In 1893, however, the Board
found itself under the necessity of accepting this self-
sacrifice on the part of Dr. Proudfit, however reluc-
tant they were to do it. In 1892 it was decided to
enlarge and improve the Infant Class Room,' and
plans were submitted to the Board by a special com-
mittee, of which Dr. J. E. Dwindle was chairman.
These plans were approved by the Committee, to-
gether with plans for the proper ventilation of the
main Sabbath School room, the whole expense not to
be over $1,500.
The Building Committee, consisting of Messrs.
Haynes, Thompson, Yeisley, Smith, Abercrombie
and Dr. Dwinelle, was given authority to proceed
with the work.
On January 4th, 1893, the Junior C. E. Society
was organized, with four members; but before the
end of the year had thirty-three enrolled.
The report to Presbytery showed a total addition
of thirty-three persons to the membership, making
the number of communicants two hundred and
ninety-eight, "the largest in many years."
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 21/
November 28th of this year, the pastor placed the
following letter in the hands of Session (upon which
Dr. Proudfit retired) for their consideration and ac-
To the Session of the Second Presbyterian Church :
Dear Brethren. — At the meeting of the Session,
on the 1st inst., I called your attention to the in-
tended resignation of the pastoral charge of Broad-
way Presbyterian Church of the Rev. George E.
Jones, and the possible bearing it might have upon
the future of our beloved church in the matter of
consolidation of the two churches. I told you I
would not stand in the way.
In the American of last Saturday the notice of
Dr. Jones' actual resignation was published, together
with the statement that the Presbytery of Baltimore
would be asked at its meeting on December 4th and
6th, to dissolve the relation. Without delay I have
called you together to consider what should be done
in the premises, and to carry out what I intimated
to you on November ist, I would do, viz.: Stand
aside, so that the two congregations might consider
the question of consolidation without any embarras-
ment which might arise from the Second Church
having a pastor while the Broadway Church had
I, therefore, ask you to call a meeting of the con-
gregation of the Second Church on next Sabbath,
2l8 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
December 3d, for the purpose of uniting with me in
a request to the Presbytery of Baltimore, at its meet-
ing next week, to dissolve the pastoral relations sub-
sisting between the Second Church and myself, said
dissolution to take effect on the first day of Janu-
In taking this step I am fully aware of the gravity
of its possible consequences. This is no sudden and
ill-considered act upon my part, as is shown by my
intimation to you on November ist, one month ago,
which intimation was also the result of long and
prayerful deliberation. For months I have been con-
sidering the matter in all its bearings and waiting
upon God for light and guidance. I think He has
given it. Last Friday I received the direct offer of
an important work in a distant part of the country,
and in a climate in which I feel that it would be a
great benefit to me to pass the winter.
For several winters past I have had severe colds,
and I find increasing difficulty in shaking them off
in the dampness, especially at night, which charac-
terizes this climate in winter. * * * Gratefully ac-
knowledging the goodness of God in granting us
perfect harmony during these eight and a half years,
and thanking you, brethren of the Session, for the
active co-operation which you have given me, your
pastor, in my efforts to win souls and to edify the
church, I remain, with assurance of my sincere affec-
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 219
tion for each one of you and my continued prayers
to the God of All Grace for His blessing upon you
and "the whole flock over which the Holy Ghost
hath made you overseers,
"Yours in the Lord,
Baltimore, Md., November 28, '93.
The congregation was plunged into grief when
this announcement was made to them and would
scarcely listen to Dr. Proudfit's reasons, until seeing
that his decision was unalterable, they reluctantly ac-
After stating the facts in the case, the congrega-
tion sets forth its testimonial of the worth and char-
acter of Dr. Proudfit in no uncertain terms.
"We do at the same time," they add, "desire to
say that the suggestion of the severance of the rela-
tion of pastor and people, which has existed between
us for eight and a half years, came from Dr. Proud-
fit, and has been a source of heartfelt grief to the
congregation. While we concur in his request, it
is done solely because we wish to be governed by his
judgment as to what is best.
"Considering the interests of our denomination,
and especially of our own church in the field where
we are located and working, we do also bear witness
to his faithfulness in preaching a pure Gospel, to
220 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
his unfailing attention and tender sympathy in times
of sickness and sorrow, and to his loving care and
watchfulness over the flock, of which he has been the
"In him the rich and poor have always found a
friend, so that it has been truly said of him, 'he did
not know the difference between a rich person and a
poor person.' He has been well called 'the Model
"We desire to place on record our appreciation of
the faithful work he has done in our midst, which
has resulted in an increase of the membership, and
leaves the congregation at this time in good working
"Furthermore, we point with somewhat of pride
to the valuable service he has rendered our denomi-
nation in Baltimore and vicinity by giving much
time, labor, money and counsel in helping to estab-
lish, foster and strengthen other churches.
"Finally, we beg to assure Dr. Proudfit that in
leaving us he enjoys our confidence and affection;
that our prayers go with him wheresoever he may
be called to serve our common Master ; that we will
always be deeply interested in his welfare and happi-
ness, and that in our homes he will always be made
a welcome guest."
Dr. Proudfit did not rest very long until called
to become pastor of the First Presbyterian Church
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 221
of Springfield, 111. About two years later, on Sab-
bath, March 28th, 1897, having already preached
twice in his own church, he made arrangements to
preach in the evening in Oakland Chapel, connected
with it. Feeling sickness coming on toward evening
he said nothing about it, for he was very loathe to
give up the service. The extra exertion was too
much for his already overstrained heart, and he suc-
cumbed April 2d, 1897, falling to sleep "as gently
shuts the eye of day."
The news came as a great shock to the congrega-
tion of the Second Church, among whom the name of
Dr. Proudfit was still a household word. The Ses-
sion met and forwarded the following testimonial
to his bereaved family :
"We have heard with sorrow of the death of our
former pastor. Rev. Alexander Proudfit, D. D.,
which occurred at Springfield, Ohio, on the 2nd of
April, 1897, after an illness of but a few days. In
view of the fact that he was pastor of the Second
Church for over eight years, we desire to place on
record this expression of our estimate of the life
and work of Dr. Proudfit, and of the great loss his
death has caused.
"We bear most affectionate testimony to the genu-
ineness of his religion, the consistency of his life,
and point to him as a most conscientious ambassador
of Christ, one who faithfully exemplified his preach-
ing in his living.
222 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
"We record with loving recollection the faithful-
ness with which he preached the Gospel of our Lord
and the simplicity of purpose and earnestness which
characterized his preaching.
"We remember with gratitude his faithful pasto-
ral work and the helpfulness and comfort he brought
to so many homes that were in trouble.
"We join with the great company to whom he
has ministered and who have felt the influence of his
life and the power of his preaching, in the feeling
that his death has brought a great loss to our church.
We wish to assure his family of our deep sympathy
for them in this their time of great sorrow, and to
commend them to that loving Heavenly Father to
whom their dear one during his life commended so
many, and to whom he would so confidingly con-
In his memorial sermon, preached in the Presby-
terian Church of Clayton, N. J., April 25th, 1897,
the pastor, Rev. G. W. Tomson, said : "He was not
old ; he was not incapacitated by infirmity. He seem-
ed to be in the very prime of his consecrated man-
hood, better equipped than ever by his ripened pow-
ers and years of wide and rich experience to do the
Master's work. It has been said of him, 'at no time
during his whole ministry has God been more mani-
festly with him, and in the course of two short years
he seemed to win the affection and esteem not only
of his own church, but of the whole community.' "
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 223
Alexander Proudfit was well equipped for his
chosen work. He sprang from a family of preach-
ers. His father was a preacher, also his grandfather
and his great-grandfather, being Rev. James Proud-
fit, who came from Scotland in 1754 as a missionary
to the Indians. This is the true Apostolic succession
which we would have been glad to see continued
unto the glorious appearing of our Lord and Savior
He often said that from early childhood he never
thought of being anything else than a preacher of the
Gospel. This was the spirit of the coming man of
God and this his environment. Is it any wonder our
Second Church saw under his ministrations the
splendid foundations laid of a spiritually-minded and
Scripturally-inclined people, who build upon that
foundation unto this day ?
Dr. Proudfit was of fine presence, strong physique,
and afTable, courteous speech and manner. Because
of this he was a great favorite with all classes in his
congregation. His heart was singularly tender and
he was easily afifected by his presentation of the truth
or the vision he saw of the distress about him in the
world. Yet he was a brave pastor, as well as kind,
speaking the truth in love and by a strong and sweet
gentleness bearing his public or private testimony
before all. He was a manly man, close in the fellow-
ship of Jesus Christ. The love of Christ constrained
224 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
In the furtherance of the desire of Dr. Proudfit
for the consoHdation of the Second and Broadway-
Presbyterian Churches, a congregational meeting
was called for Wednesday evening, December 27th,
1893, ^t which meeting the congregation unani-
mously adopted these resolutions, that the members
of the Second Presbyterian Church cordially invite
the congregation of the Broadway Presbyterian
Church to imite with them. It was also decided at
a subsequent meeting that it v/ould be unwise to
abandon the locality in which the Second Church
then was, and the following were appointed a com-
mittee to convey these resolutions to the Broadway
Church : Messrs. Smith, Thompson and McAllister.
This movement for the consolidation of these two
churches was also fruitless, and on March 7th, 1894,
the congregation met to elect a pastor.
Their choice fell upon Robert Howard Taylor,
who was just completing his course in Princeton
Thelogical Seminary. Mr. Taylor accepted the
call and entered upon his work the first Sabbath of
June, 1894. He was ordained to the work of the
Gospel ministry and installed pastor of the church
by the Presbytery of Baltimore June 8th, 1894.
A memorable event in the history of the Sabbath
School this year was the celebration, in September,
of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Superintendent
Mr. Robert H. Smith. It was no ordinary occasion
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 225
in the life of the School, for those twenty-five years
bore ample proof of the skilful and loving leader,
whom the School that day delighted to honor. Nor
was it an ordinary day in the life of Mr. Smith, for
his was a School to be proud of, responding to his
guiding hand as a loving child seeks the caresses of
his father. And best of all, to this day, the same
School, but larger and more prosperous in every
way, and many of the old scholars, larger and wiser
and better grown, greet the same affectionate coun-
sellor and friend of the by-gone days. To whom
shall greater task be given than to lead the lambs of
the flock as the gentle Shepherd Himself; not as
Peter the Hermit, who led the vast army of children
to suffering and death; but like Peter the Apostle,
who obeyed the Master's command : "Feed my
lambs," "For of such is the Kingdom of Heaven." A
beautiful picture unfolds before our eyes of a gen-
tle shepherd toward the close of day wending his
weary way up the hill toward the sheep-fold. Be-
hind him the flock he has so tenderly shepherded all
the day. As we watch, the evening shadows fall
around and hide them from our eyes. 'Tis only for
a little space, and then the whole hillside is aglow
with celestial light, and "in the midst" one like unto
the Son of Man. He bids the shepherd draw near to
His side and gently lifts to His bosom the lambs so
carefully guarded for Him. While with a look of
226 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
unutterable love, He thus addresses the shepherd:
"Well done, good and faithful shepherd ; I gave thee
these lambs to tend for Me and thou dost faithfully
and lovingly bring Me back Mine own ; enter, thou,
into the joy of thy Lord." And when we turned to
look, everywhere the children, with glad faces, ran
to his side, and together their voices blended in "The
Song of the Lamb." 'Twas earth removed and
In the narrative to the Presbytery for the year
ending March 31st, 1895, mention is particularly
made of a deepening spiritual interest. At the March
Communion twenty-seven persons were added to the
church, the total membership being three hundred
The year was closed without debt, "owing no man
anything save the Gospel."
A Young Men's League was formed, with a mem-
bership of fifty, and a Boys' Choir drafted from the
Sabbath School to assist in the service Sabbath
July nth, 1895, it was decided that the greatest
need of the church was a new organ, and a commit-
tee was appointed to take the matter in hand. The
result was the present very fine instrument, which
was erected at a total expense of nearly $3,006 — all
of which was subscribed and paid for by voluntar};
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 227
In October, 1895, the Session adopted the new
Hymnal of the Presbyterian Church, recommended
by the General Assembly, and the congregation be-
gan to use it in public worship the first Sabbath of
The congregation was delighted to look into the
face of a Maghera man in February, 1897, for the
pastor had invited Rev. William Hall, A. M., to oc-
cupy the pulpit for two Sabbaths in that month. It
was a far look back to Glendy, and there were none
present who could take it.
In October the Responsive Reading of the Psalms
as a part of Public Worship was adopted by Ses-
Systematic visitation was also undertaken. Session
employing Miss Christy Stewart, through whom the
entire neighborhood was thoroughly canvassed.
It was sought to enlist the boys in the work of
the church through the formation of a Boys' Brig-
ade, and for several years the plan was measurably
successful, but was finally abandoned.
The special services held during the spring of 1899
were of unusual interest, and resulted, through the
Holy Spirit's presence and blessing, in twenty-one
souls being added to the number of the Lord's peo-
ple. It rarely happens that the Session of one con-
gregation feels called upon to urge the pastor of an-
other congregation to remain with his charge,
228 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
though the two congregations may be members of the
When Dr. Maltbie D. Babcock received so hearty
a call to become the pastor of the Brick Presbyterian
Church of New York City, it seemed as though he
were more than the pastor of Brown Memorial
Church ; every church claimed him, for all admired
him, and recognized his influence in their midst. He
was the pastor of the city; and the Session of the
Second Presbyterian Church but voiced the senti-
ments of every true-hearted, Christ-loving citizen
when they said to Dr. Babcock, November 12th,
1899 : "This Session feels called upon to urge Rev.
Dr. Maltbie D. Babcock, pastor of Brown Memorial
Church, to decline the call to the pulpit of the Brick
Church, New York City, because, in our opinion, the
interests of our denomination in this city are so
largely dependent upon the work of Dr. Babcock,
that his leaving Baltimore would work an injury so
serious that it cannot be estimated; and, further,
because, as the result of Dr. Babcock's pulpit work,
he has gained a hold and influence upon so large a
number of persons, and has changed so many lives,
that we are convinced his present field and position
has greater claims upon him than any new field."
Upon Dr. Babcock's removal to New York the
news of his increasing popularity and blessed influ-
ence over larg-e numbers, who crowded to hear him,
ROBERT H. SMITH
SUPERINTENDENT OF SABBATH SCHOOL
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 229
was received as a matter of course among his old
friends as but the beginning of a widening and deep-
ening influence for Jesus Christ. How shocking
the news flashed across the ocean, "Dr. Babcock is
dead." But after the heart had time to regain its
poise came back the influence of that man's own
buoyant, confident hope, and his own sweet words :
"This is the death of Death, to breathe away a
And know the end of strife, and taste the deathless
And joy without a fear, and smile without a tear ;
And work, nor care to rest, and find the last the
After a pastorate of full seven years, Mr. Taylor
tendered his resignation to the congregation, setting
forth his reasons. In pursuance of the order of Ses-
sion, the congregation was called together January
23d, 1901, to take action, preparatory to coming
before Presbytery. After Mr. Taylor had read a
paper, which set forth his reasons for the step, the
congregation acquiesced in his desire for the dissolu-
tion of the pastoral relation, not to take effect, how-
ever, until the 17th day of March, 1901. A com-
mittee was appointed to express in suitable terms the
sense of loss felt by the congregation over the
departure of their pastor.
230 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Mr, Taylor has been called and settled pastor of
the Presbyterian Church of Canonsburg, Pa., during
this present year. This is the congregation to which
Robert J. Breckinridge ministered while President
of Jefferson College, of which college Drs. Joseph T.
Smith and George P. Hays were graduates, and
Drs. Robert J. Breckinridge and Jonathan Edwards
were Presidents. After the consolidation of Jeffer-
son with Washington forming Washington and
Jefferson College, both Drs. Henry C. Minton and
Robert H. Fulton were graduates and Dr. George P.
Hays was a President.
Shortly after the resignation of Mr. Taylor the
question of the consolidation of the Second and
Broadway Churches was again revived. It was felt
by many of the members of both churches that much
more effective work might be accomplished by one
large congregation than by two situated so close
together. At a joint meeting of representatives of
the two congregations, and after much discussion, it
was decided to place the matter before the two con-
gregations. The Second congregation accordingly
held its meeting May 22nd, 1901, to which it was
reported that the Broadway Church had held a sim-
ilar meeting and had decided that they were in favor
of a union with the Second Church, whereupon the
following resolutions were unanimously adopted :
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 23 1
Resolved, That the members of the Second Pres-
byterian Church have heard of the proposal and
action of the Broadway Presbyterian Church look-
ing towards a union of the two churches with great
pleasure and favor ;
Resolved, That in view of this action on the part
of the Broadway Church, three commissioners be
chosen from the Second Church to confer with like
commissioners from the Broadway Church and to
arrange a plan for such union ;
Resolved, That so important a step calls for special
guidance and grace to be given the commissioners of
the two churches, and that the members of our
church be requested to make this matter a subject
of prayer, especially seeking the Holy Spirit's pres-
ence and help in the conference between said com-
The commissioners from the two congregations
met, pursuant to notice, and drafted the following
plan of union :
1. The name of the Second Church shall be con-
2. The Elders of the Broadway Church shall be
elected members of the Session of the Second
3. The deacons of the Broadway Church shall be
elected Deacons in the Second Church.
232 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
4. The members of the Broadway Church shall
be given representation on the Board of Trustees of
the Second Church at the next annual election.
5. The Sabbath school of the Broadway Church
shall be continued in the present church building
until it shall be sold, and after such sale provision
shall be made for its continuance in East Baltimore.
6. The Broadway Church property shall be con-
veyed to the Second Church and, when sold, the pro-
ceeds of such sale shall be used as follows, viz : A
sum not exceeding four thousand dollars shall be
used for the purchase of a parsonage and the balance
shall be held in trust for the purpose of establishing
and supporting a work in East Baltimore.
This plan of union agreed upon by the commis-
sioners of both churches, the congregation of Broad-
way failed to ratify and for the third time the effort
at consolidation was relinquished.
The committee appointed by the congregation to
secure for them a pastor, proposed the name of
Thomas Holmes Walker at a meeting of the congre-
gation held June 12th, 1901, and a unanimous call
was made out for him in due form. Mr. Walker
accepted this call and entered upon his labors the
Second Sabbath of July, 1901, The installation ser-
vices were held October 4th, 1901, the Rev. John L.
Allison, moderator of Presbytery, presiding; Rev.
Donald Guthrie, D. D., pastor of the First Church,
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 233
preached the sermon; Rev. J. Wynne Jones offered
the Prayer of Installation ; Rev. John Timothy Stone
pastor of Brown Memorial Church, delivered the
charge to the pastor and the venerable Rev. Joseph
T. Smith, D. D., the charge to the congregation.
Thomas Holmes Walker is a native of the city of
Philadelphia, and received his early education in the
public schools of that city. He is a graduate of the
University of Pennsylvania and studied Theology in
the Seminary of the Reformed Presbyterian Church
in Allegheny, Pa, He ministered for some years to
the congregation of that denomination in this city,
leaving it to become pastor of the Broadway Presby-
terian Church December, 1899, which pastorate he
resigned June, 1901, to accept the call from the Sec-
ond Church. An event of unusual interest to the con-
gregation was the annual congregational meeting and
supper held October 31, 1901, when, after a bountiful
feast, provision was made for the work of the new
fiscal year. In appropriate speeches the pastor and
his wife were welcomed, and pastor and people hap-
pily established in harmonious union for the progres-
sive movements which the opportunities of the year
Throughout the winter a quiet spiritual work was
attested to by increased interest in the salvation of
souls manifested throughout the congregation, par-
ticularly in the Sabbath school. A teachers' class
234 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
was formed, to meet every Friday evening for the
study of the Sabbath school lesson. This class was
largely attended. The pastor also gathered together
into a catechetical class those who were desirous of
preparing themselves for uniting with the church.
These classes meet once a week at some suitable
time for six weeks or more prior to each communion.
These meetings, together with faithful teaching and
training on the part of our Sabbath school teachers,
made the special services held in the Spring of this
year, more than usually influential, and "the Lord
added unto the church of such as are being saved,"
The Session was called upon early in the spring to
note the severe accident which had laid aside tem-
porarily the clerk of Session, Mr. John Abercrombie.
It is but just that we pay here our meed of praise
to this faithful servant of the Second Presbyterian
Church, who, as Secretary of the Board of Trustees,
prior to this accident, never missed a meeting of the
Board in more than thirty years, and as a member of
and the Clerk of Session, since his being ordained,
has shown the same commendable zeal and fidelity.
May the Lord bless him in his office bearing in our
church and make him a chosen vessel to bear His
comfort and His salvation to many.
Early in the fall of 1901 a reorganization of some
of our mission bands was effected, by which the old
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 235
members of the Earnest Workers and Robert H.
Smith Mission Bands united with other male mem-
bers of the congregation to form a Men's Associa-
tion, while new members were secured for these
organizations. The Men's Association being div-
ided into three sections — Missionary, Religious
Work and Social — seeks, as these names would
imply, to enlist all the men of the congregation in
the work of the church in general, as well as of our
own church in particular, and with it all to cultivate
those social qualities which make our service here
the more enjoyable.
During the summer of 1902 the church building
was given a complete renovation, being beautifully
frescoed and painted, the entire cost of these im-
provements being upwards of $3,000.
In all our preparations to celebrate in a fitting
manner the completion of one hundred years of his-
tory, there is a hearty desire to learn of the past, not
for the sake of the past, nor for the sake of the pres-
ent, but of the future. We recognize that our con-
gregation has a life and a character, with all the
functions and powers of an organism, that we by
our faithfulness or unfaithfulness today shall usher
this life, weak or strong, into the opportunities of
Hence we live not for ourselves in our congrega-
tional life, but for the generations to come, for those
236 ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
who need us and for Christ "who loved us and gave
Himself for us." We have ever been and must ever
be ready to give of our best in the establishment of
Christ's Kingdom. Propagation is the law of the
kingdom. Selfism kills. History may be only his-
tory or it may be more. If "our story" of the
already long life of our congregation is "His-story"
then it is prophecy and promise. The Son of Man
who walked with our fathers shall to the generations
to come declare His mercy and His grace, and He
will use us in doing it, "Blessed be His glorious
name, forever and forever."
Amid all the changes which have taken place in
the environment of the church, necessarily affecting
the personnel of the congregation, the member-
ship today shows unmistakably every phase of
substantial progress which has been made in Chris-
tian character and work during the past Century.
The children are taking, according to God's promise,
the places of the fathers. If their burden was heavy
so is ours today. If they found strength to bear
theirs triumphantly, we shall find, in no whit dim-
inished, the sovereign grace of the Omnipotent God,
ready to furnish us unto every good work.
Here on earth in the church of God our names are
written. May they be written as certainly in the
Lamb's Book of Life.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
Present membership of the Second Presbyterian
Abercrombie, John, Brentine, Mrs. Mary.
Abercrombie, Mrs. E. S. Brown, Mrs. Frances A.
Abercrombie, David T. Brown, Miss Frances A.
Abercrombie, Harry N. Bristor, Charles Morris.
Abercrombie, Mrs. M. B. Breuner, Harry W.
Abercrombie, Maud M. Bryson, Ahce.
Abercrombie, Ronald T.
Abercrombie, Mary T.
Abercrombie, Robert F.
Alvather, Mrs. Letitia.
Alvather, Emily J.
Buck. Helen R.
Burch, Eva S.
Busick, Mrs. M. Cath.
Alvather, Wm. Thomas. Busick, James Henry.
Ballauf, Cora Villette. Burker, Albert.
Bangert, Mrs. J. W. Burker, Mrs. Lucille A.
Bates, Mrs. J. Atkinson. Burlingame, Claude.
Bauers, John. Buchsbaum, Amelia P.
Bauers, Mrs. Elizabeth. Carter, Mrs. Maria W.
Bay, Mrs. Emily W.
Bell, Jessie S.
Bell, Martha Elizabeth.
Bennett, William T.
Beigel, Frederick Chas.
Boyd, Emma E.
Bramble, Mrs. Alma E.
Carlin, Mrs. Emily Jane.
Carlin, Florence Irene.
Caulk, Mrs. Laura A.
Carback, Jennie Reed.
Carback, Annie Mary.
Carrington, Mrs. Ethel C.
Christie, Mrs. Eliza.
Christie, James R.
Christie, Nettie Ken.
Christie, Belle McKenzie.
ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Coyle, Harry H.
Coyle, Mrs. Anna Isab.
Coyle, Peter Thompson.
Collins, Mrs. Martha.
Corckran, Mrs. Annie G.
Corckran, James Gamble.
Commons, Susie L.
Cougle, Mrs. Sarah E.
Cosh, Harry Moreland.
Conn, Margarette Emma.
Cox, Kathryn Holdefer.
Cruett, May Irene.
Culver, Mrs. Jane.
Davids, Mrs. Katie G.
Davies, John O., M. D.
Davies, Mrs. Kath. L.
Davies, Amy Elizabeth.
Dwinelle, Mrs. Susan E.
Evans, Harry G.
Evans, Mrs. Julia H. L.
Fanning, Mrs. Emma P.
Fanning, Mrs. Bessie S.
Faust, Ella Waidner.
t'euchter, Margaret A.
Feuchter, Louis John.
Flaharty, Eleanore Isa.
Flowers, Mrs. Susie M.
Flowers, William R.
Flowers, Ida Virginia.
Flowers, Bessie May.
Flowers, John Melvin.
Fossett, Henry Clay.
Fossett, Mrs. M. V.
Fort, John Bancroft.
Frederick, Henry C.
Gambrill, Mrs. Minnie S.
Geblein, Florence May.
Gettman, Cora F.
Germershausen, E. L.
Gosweiler, Mrs. Laura J.
Graham, Mrs. Emma.
Graham, Blanche A.
Green, Olivia D.
Green, Mamie C.
Green, Emma F.
Green, Sarah A.
Greaver, Charlotte H.
Greaver, Virginia E.
Greaver, Eleanor L.
Groshaus, Mrs. A. K.
Haman, Mrs. Eliza.
Haman, James Reed.
Haman, Sarah Campbell.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
Hall, Mrs. Melville A.
Hall, Melville A.
Hall, Anna Eliza.
Hall, Amy Frances.
Haynes, Frank R.
Haynes, Mrs. Ethel Foss.
Haynes, Alice Louise.
Hamel, Lillie E.
Henderson, Helen L.
Hildwein, Mrs. Bertha.
Holdefer, Helen Marie.
Holloway, Henry C.
Hopkins, Estelle May.
Ilgenfritz, Mrs. Nellie K.
Janney, Mrs. W. W.
Janney, Mary Caroline.
Janney, Elizabeth W.
Janney, Marion Dean.
Janney, Maggie Norris.
Janney, John W.
Jenkins, Mrs. Mary F.
Jenkins, Barzilia Cole.
Johnstone, Mrs. Jesse.
Johnstone, Mary Jane.
Johnstone, William Jas.
Johnstone, Isabelle M.
Johnstone, John Arthur.
Jones, Margaret Roberta.
Jones, Harry B.
Jones, Mrs. Hannah J.
Kansler, Fannie M.
Kane, Robert J.
Kane, Mrs. Victoria R.
Kane, Samuel Rankin.
Kellogg, Harriet E.
Kellogg, Mary Louise.
Kettenbach, Chas. H. F.
King, Charles Howard.
Kirkness, Edward F.
Kimpel, Lillian May.
Krause, Emil Paul.
Lapsley, Frank Sloane.
Lantz, Mrs. Emma M.
Lang, Rosa Margaret.
Lewis, Mrs. R. J.
Link, George Alden.
Link, Margaret Ann.
Link, Louis Nicholas.
Link, Margaret A. C.
Loiselle, Eva E.
Loane, Emma Frances.
Mackey, Samuel W.
Mackey, Mrs. Sara I.
Mackey, Florence L
Mackey, Sarah Margaret.
ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Marshall, Mrs. Samuel.
Marshall, Susan W.
Mailey, Mrs. Mary J.
Mansfield, A. D., M. D.
Manly, William L.
Meyer, Charles E.
Miller, Mrs. Rosa.
Michael, Grace E.
Michael, May G.
Mitchell, Mrs. Mary B.
Moore, Bessie S.
Morrill, Mrs. Edna F.
MuUikin, Mary C.
McAllister, Mrs. Jane.
McGinity, Mrs. Mary R.
McKenzie, Mrs. John.
McKenzie, Robert K.
McKenzie, John Stuart.
McNulty, Mrs. Isabella.
Nicholson, Mrs. E. R.
Nicholson, Mrs. C. H.
Nicklas, Mrs. Mary C.
North, Mrs. E. S.
Oster, John Walter.
Oster, Mrs. Laura K.
Otto, Mrs. Lydia R.
Overbeck, Mrs. A. C.
Overbeck, August H.
Overbeck, Alma Cath.
Overbeck, Edward Geo.
Overcash, Thos. N.
Overcash, Mrs. John N.
Overcash, Torrance D.
Phillips, Wm. B.
Pilkey, Mrs. Mollie.
Plitt, Wm. Frederick.
Popp, John Edward.
Popp, Mary Alice.
Pohler, Wm. Robert.
Proudfit, John W.
Prussing, Mrs. Caro. C.
Rahter, Mrs. Annie L.
Relleker, Geo. L., Jr.
Relleker, Harry C.
Riehl, Katinka K.
Roth, Wm. Jacob.
Roth, Mary Emelia.
Roth, Annie C.
Roth, Emma Victoria.
Roth, Mrs. Katharine.
Robinson, John H., M. D.
Robinson, Mrs. J. H.
Robinson, Esther H.
Roberts, Cora M. L.
SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.
Rosendorn, Phillip H.
Rosendorn, W. Cath.
Rowe, A. T.
Rusk, Mrs. Mary E.
Rusl^, Glanville Y.
Rusk, Elizabeth E.
Rusk, Anna Y.
Rusk, Catherine G.
Rusk, Merle DeH.
Schaeffer, Caroline H.
Schmick, Margaret C.
Schmick, Walter P.
Schloegel, Anna C.
Schaake, Mrs. Sophia.
Schaake, Bertha Lottie.
Schreiner, Clara Louise.
Sippel, John F.
Sippel, Mrs. John F.
Sippel, William F.
Smith, Robert H.
Smith, Mrs. Robert H.
Smith, Mrs. J. Charles.
Smith, Helen Alford.
Smith, Emily E.
Smullen, Airs. Sallie.
Stahn, Mrs. Justice.
Stahn, Louise C.
Stahn, Adaline Janie.
Stahn, Justus Matthew.
Staudt, Edw. Fred.
Stewart, Mary Jane.
Staetzer, Lota Marie.
Staetzer, August Henry.
Stoner, Mollie J.
Spengerman, Ida E.
Spengerman, Amanda M.
Spengerman, Clara A.
Spengerman, Virginia P.
Stromenger, Mrs. Mary.
Stromenger, Mary E.
Stromenger, Walter N.
Swann, Mrs. Emma.
Swann, Mary Catherine,
Strohmeyer, J. Henry.
Strohmeyer, George O.
Taylor, Mrs. Laura P.
Taylor, Mrs. Charles.
Thomas, Mrs. Mary F.
Thomas, Annie Eliza.
Thomas, Wm. John R.
Thomas, Richmond Earl.
Thompson, Annie J.
Thompson, Mary Belle.
Trotton, Clara Ellen.
Utermohle, George L.
ONE HUNDRED YEARS HISTORY
Utermohle, Anne E.
Utermohle, Caroline A,
Utermohle, Georgie B.
Utermohle, Catharin V.
Utermohle, Geo. Albert.
Utermohle, Annie Eliza.
Utermohle, Mary Kath.
Utermohle, Chas. Edw.
Verner, Mrs. Belle Bay.
Waters, F. Barrierre.
Waters, Charles F. P.
Warnsman, Mrs. C.
Warnsman, Margaret A.
Warnsman, Leona A.
Warnsman, Adolph C.
Warnsman, Grace L.
Wagner, Minnie L.
Wagner, Mrs. Alice L.
Wagner, Lawrence E.
Walker, Mrs. T. H.
Weigel, Mrs. Rosa.
Wells, Gertrude R.
Wheeler, Charlotte L.
Whittemore, Dana P.
Wilkins, Geo. L., M. D.
Wilkinson, Mrs. Mary S.
Williams, Mrs. Ida E.
Wiley, John Kilgore.
Wiley, Mrs. Laura E.
Wilson, Anna Victoria.
Winslow, Clara Allen.
Wright, Charles A.
Wooders, Mrs. John.
Wooders, Mary M.
AVorthington, Cora S.
Worthington, Ella M.
Yarnell, James L
Yeisley, Mrs. Eliza. L.
Yeisley, Emma A.
Zimmerman, Mrs. J. A.
second presbyterian church. 243
Officers of the Second Presbyterian Church,
thomas holmes walker, pastor.
MEMBERS OF SESSION.
Robert H. Smith. John McKenzie.
John Abercrombie. Harry G. Evans.
Robert J. Kane. Frank R. Haynes.
BOARD OF DEACONS.
Chas. F. P. Waters. Charles E. Meyer.
John W. Janney. William J. Roth.
Harry N. Abercrombie. Fred. Scherf.
Dana P. Whittemore.
BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
John Abercrombie. W. W. Janney.
*George L. Krebs. J. W. Oster.
H. C. Fossett. John F. Sippel.
Harry G. Evans. Justice Stahn.
J. H. Robinson, M. D. W. H. Rowe.
R. J. Kane. *J. H. Dwinelle, M. D.
Martin A. Roberts.
One of the most interesting spectacles in all his-
tory, because of intensely heroic and Christlike endu-
rance of sufferings, was the martyrdom of Polycarp,
who, it was said, knew the Apostle John, who had
known our Lord in the flesh. Thus the living links
stretched back through the years. In our congrega-
tion today, though we have none who can remember
Dr. John Glendy, there is one who was baptized by
him, and who therefore, can remember very many
interesting anecdotes related of him by her parents.
We are glad of this living link with such an ancient
past, and pray that Miss Mary Steuart may be long
spared to our congregation.