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'f': ^ '-'''■:' DESCENDANTS ,,'vl.--^ '-:■ 


;' HEEifE Hill, Eng land, --jf-^'/Z}, 

. ., A. AND "sp •"'_ "V'"^-- 

Wo BURN, Mass achusetts, U. S. A, 




A S/x!rA of tile Life of Eilnxinl Johvtmi 

By Dr. Williom FrMerick i\).Jc 

LiljJ-ayian of Boston .ItJicnneum : 

A (ierwah'jy of 'lie DescaiiJniila 

of Capt/xin I'jdmwd Jo'hnsini 

By John Alorwy Bo^ddle: 

(PofU b'lnf! jinrl of An hitroda ftnn to a R'-jTinl nf 

'■"/>'. iLiliraiil Johnson' ii It'onilfr-tt'orkinj/ I'rvruUncr 

Bg Draper, An<i<iver.) 

Ijeomtnster, J^fass. Town Records : 

li&uJl&tions of Three Generati'ms 
By George Ijorenzo Johnson : 

Vofifms Family Records: Etc. 

Tokyo, Japan, 

Aoyama Indostrial Ptobs. 


Was born in 1599, and before emigrating to New England 
resided at Heme Hill, near Canterbury, County of Kent, Eng- 
land. His will indicates that he v/aa passeRsed of a comforta,bIe 
esta,t<i consisting of a farm and two other pieces of property. On 
embarking from England with his family he is classed as a join- 
er. This may have l>een in pirt an evju«ion, as no one above the 
rank of mechanic or serving man was allowed to leave without 
sjH'cial permission. As scivcral of his sons and grandsons were 
shipwrii;;hts and carpcnki-s, it i^; not improkihle that he carried 
on the husiiie.'=s otshipbuikliug at Hcrne Bay. However, he did 
not engage in any mcclianical occu{)atiori after his amval in 
New England. 

Earlv in April, lt>oO, Capt. Johnsiron, without his family, 
embiuked in one of the ^hips of tiie fleet whicli brought Govern- 
or Winthrop and his I'onipany to Masaciuisptts Bay. The re- 
cords shovs- him trading on tlie I^Ierrimac River, and it is prob- 
able that he came for tratfic and adventnre and that he returned 
to England in the summer of 1G31. 

He returned with his family, in 1C3G, a zt-alous Puritan and 
in full sympathy with the religious system of the Massachusetts 
Colony. HLs ruling motive was no longer business or jileasure 
but in building up a Puritan Commonwealth in this western 
world. Embarking this time at Sandwich, the nearest seaport 
at whicii there Wiia foreign tnvle, he settled temjx>rarily at 
Charleston. From that time to the day of his death the Records 
of Charlestown, of Woburn, and of the Colony are filled with 
his name and deeds. 

He was one of the committee of the Cliarlestowa church 
" for the erecting of a church and town " at Woburn and was 
the first Recorder (Town Clerk). He was generally known jvs tht; 
father of the town. May 10, 1643, ho took his sc^at in the 
General- Court as de]uity from the town of WobiUTi, the iii*st 
session of the court after the incorporation of tlie town. For 
tiiirty ycar^= he wa<5 not only town clerk and representative iu the 
general court, but he usually was Chairman of the Selectmen 
and occupied some prominent place on commissions and com- 
mittees, f«[»ecially legal and militaiy committee.s. 

Captain Johnson had evidently given considerable attf;iition 
tv military matters iu England, and there acquired the rank by 
which \w ha^ since l)een known. Soon after hi«( second arrivaj, 
\^e tint! liis; name in the Charle;-town Record? with tlie prefix of 
C.'a}>t:iin, a title of honor which iu those day? wa= not given at 
randcu!. On becoming a dei)Uty to tlie General Cuurt, lie was 
j'l.ieed on nearly every military committee. ThcA' were intrusted 
witii most •, xtraordinary powers such as insjxicting fortificatii'ns, 
levying fines, collecting arrcarage'J, etc. He gathered and drilled 
;\ sipiad of militia at Woburn sxm after its w-ttlement, an«l al- 
ways held a cwnnnand in tli<; militia of the Colony. Ih: was 
often s<^nt out on expc<litiuns to treat with or overawe the Indi- 
ans anil to deal with troiiblesomc neighl»ors. His name scareely 
ever ajiftear'^ in th(- ]\Lisaehus<tts itecords without his military 

For more than two imndnil year;, tradition has a'-rribed to 
ium the authorship of WONDEK-\VORKIXG rROVIDEXCE, 
a ((naint and authentic naiTative of events connected with the 
settlement of ^lassachusotts Bay. It is acknowledgiMl to i)e th.e 
most inportant book on the ^lassachusetts Colony that wa^^ print- 
ed during the fij*st hundred years after the settlement. The 
fraudulent use made of this work in tiic collection known as the 
Cioru'es Tracts for a time robbed the author vi the credit due 

t>^.s^^^vi^i^>^%- ''•.-...:.■ ^^-'^1^^ 

him, buttle tnte-iEStJIonbiip mM b^i^d^ dou^t beect-estaUi^ed, 

by Dr. Pt»le, the femous librariaxi.\ \ v-.j i\ > ^ 

Captain Edward Johnson niJirried Susan • who 

was born in England in 1597 and who died at Woburn in 
1690. He died in Woburn April 23;i672, aged 73 years. 
At the aeseion of the court follomncj ( 15th May ) it was order- 
ed tl\at a (X)mmitee be apj)ointed to gather and preserve such 
historical material as had l)cen collected by him, John Win- 
throp, Sr., and others. 

Seven children were born to Capt. Rlwaixl Johna^n and 
Susiin hig wife as follows, — 

Note. TJie heavu type denotes the head of (he famdij 
whose line is foUowed. 

1. K'iii-ard^ lT*:»rn in Engl;uul li''21-2; marrieil Katherine 
Bohr; (lie<l at Cliarl&stowu ^cpt. 15, l(;it2. 

2. Geoiujc^ l)ori\ in lunjrlaiul ; jirohably ivtunied to Eii- 
uiaiid ; liad children named in their irrandfathcr's will. 

3. WiUium, birn in Enji,iand 1G29-30; manit-il Ksilirr 
JFIsindl ; died at Wol.urn May 22,1704. 

4. J/r/;-f//a, born in England ; married .^oA/^ Jjir/us. 

5. Mdtthcir^ Iwrn in England 1G34 ; niarrii'd I, ILmntih 
rcdfreij, 2, Itebecm Wisicnll ; died at Woburn .Tnly 19, ie9i;. 

6. e/oA/i, born in England 1635-6 ; married Beihioh Heed ; 
died at Canterbury, Conn. 

7. Susan^ born in England ; married James IWnfice. 


Third son of Capt. Edward and Susan Johnwn, was born in 
England in lG29 or 1630. He came to Massivchusetta with his 
parents and resided at Woburn. He was elected Depnty for 
Woburn in 1674,1676, and each 8ube5tt|Ucnt year until 16S4 

when he wa^ choeeti A^taut and hence became Magistrate. He 
succfeJed his father as Cicrk of the Town of Woburn, sa 
Selectmau, a« commaiidar of the militia, and as commiasioner, 
etc He memn to have inherited the mental and moral qualities 
of his fjither. Like his fatiier, he bore a conspicuoiM part in 
defending the chartered rights of the Colony. He was one of a 
zealous [larty who stood out retjolutely for the old charter imd 
failing in thi^ would have uo charter at all. 

He maiTied at Woburn, May 16,lG")j, Esther WiswaJl, the 
daughter nf Tl.omas Wiswall who \va.s a ruling elder of the 
church at Newton. l;^he was hajitised twenty years before their 
marriage. Beth died at Woburn, Majf>r William May 22,1704, 
agi'd ircventy-f.iur year^, and his wife Dec. 27,1707. 
Tht-y had nin<.' <"hildn_-n as follows, — 

1. ]VUafih}. Itorn Feb. 20, 165G ; married E^tlur GariU- 
h- ,■ ; di-'d Jan. 10, IT-JD. 

2. /^//fvn-c' ii^irn ^Luvii 11), lCa8 ; nuirriod 1, SV//v;/i WoJk- 
'•/•, 2, Al>i<i'i'l flnnlJw:,--, di<d Aug. 7, 172r)-(,S. 

i'. KIk II :.c,\ iH.iii ^[arcli 20, IGGO ; marriinl IScr'f/t U'iiuf : 
died at Woburn 3Iarch 17, i7.'w'. 

4. L'--'f/tcr^ b-rn Arril 13, TG(/2 ; married iScth ]^'ijiii<rn. 

."). J<"'<'j//i^ ]k}\u June 14, 1GG4; resided witli his brother 
L'Ik tiizcr. 

G. Jliiijamih l*"rn Oct. 15, IGGG ; married /.Va/v/Zt Walhrr ; 
died Apr. 22, 173J. 

7. •J<t<i<iJi^ born Jan 1."), 1GG9 ; manied 1, 3f'ir(ha ]\l,it- 
',u<n-(^ 2, Deborah Gi^'-s ; died Dec. IG, 1739. 

5. S'f.mrruri^ Ixirn June 20, 1G71. 

0. ^I'-aijci^^ hjiii Oct. 4, 1G74 ; married Sarwc/ riticc. 

HL WW AW joHKsor^^^^ ;^f^ :ff^ 

Second »n of Major Williain and Esther(WiswaIl) Johnsoa,-*^^ 
was born at Woburn March 19,1658. He was captain of t\^ 
military baud of Wobiirn and for many yeftrs wafi selectman of . >•.- 
the town, deacon of the church, and was deputy to the Grenerai . "vj\ 
Conrt in 17<X^. He resided in that part of Woburn which is 
now Burlington and, it ia supposed, in a house once U5ed as a 
g;irrL'=oa house opposite that of A. B. Shaw, ' •" ^ 

lie mr.iTiod 1, S-arah, the daugliter of Samuel Walker of 
Woburn, 2, AUigail Gardner who outlive<l her husbind. He 
diixl at Woburn, Aug. 7,172.3 — 6S^ agetl 67 years, it is said of 
grief for the lo-s'^ of liis favoriU? sun, Ichabo*.!, who was killed by 
the Indians. 

Th^ lii;-t union was blessed with eiglit children and the 
«*-coud with two. 

1. i:,J,rnr,l^ l> ,rn Oct. 12, lCs7 ; died Jan. 3, 1GS7-8. 

2. Eiffrftjfi, born 3Iay 4, 1G89 ; inarriiul 1, Jlebecrd Ucctl^ 
2. EstJ.rr C'lJirlfje^ 3, Sara It JT/'/so/i ; died Oct. 5, 1774. 

'.). S'lraii : married Sir/frnd-^. 

4. K-fJa-r, l>.rn Jan 2G, lGl}3-4 : married John son of 
L;<M. Join SU-rn.s of Billerica ; died Apr. 13, 1786. 

."). S-".ni<L Uirn Feb. 21, 1G9.3-G; married 1, Mm'ii Butters, 
2, Pri^rinii Kinenj, 3, Hannah Wi/mnn ; died al)0ut 1764. 
>''. AL"-j<jiL married T'rnwih>j liivhnrdson. 
7. Sif.'.onnd, l>->rn Jan. 14, 1700; married ^Sa/z/'fe/ Jt .'?;«. 

5. L'lKflo'l^ Iwrn Apr. 22, 1703 ; killed by the Indians at 
Ix.veweiTs tight, May 8, 172 j. 

'J. Elizabdh, Ixjrn Nov. G, 1705 ; married Josepli Winn 
of West Xottinghara, N. H. 

10. Ji'siijh, \)ox\\ June 22, 1708 ; married Snrah Thortip- 
son ; died Oct. 3, 1793. 

':~ ^ vS^rX ^ toWAKD JOHNSON^ *v^'H 

Second son of Edwiud and Sarah (Walker) Johnson was 
bom at Woburn, May 4,1689. He took an active pcort in 
gathering the church in the second parish of W'oburn, now 
BurUngton, and was cliosen a d^con of that chiurch in 1741. 
He lived on the road to Lexington, on the farm in Burlington 
which continued in the possession of the family for one hundred 
and twenty five years. It is now in the possession of 
E. W. Willard, 

He married 1, Eebecca Reed who was mother of his 
thirteen childi-en, 2, Esther, daughter of Joseph and Mary 
i\Ia'=«n aud widow of Ciipt, Joseph Coolidge, 3, Siirah Wilson, 
daughter of James aud Su.<aiina Siinonds and widow of Samuel 
Wilson. Hf died Oct. 5,1774. a-X'd S.'; years. His children were 

1. lichecva., born xVpr. 22, 1712 ; married Ehcnezer 

2. Mdi'ij^ birn Oct. 2(), 1713 : married Enoch' Jllvhnrthon. 

3. L'thcirrd^ IxA-n. Sepi. 28, 171."> : moved to Leominster 
and was drowned iu a well, 

4. Joshua^ born Feb. JG,17l6-7; removed to Fyilton (now 

5. Elcazer^ born Feb. 27,171S-1> ; removed to Bolton. 

6. Jnnnthan^ born June 13,1720 ; marri<'d S"r<i]i daughtf^r 
of >SV/7>/?<f'/ and Sdndi lyi/son: resided at Leominster and at 
W()burn ; died at the latter, Nov. 30,17i»3. 

7. Nathan^ b'^rn Nov. 11,1721; resided at Leominster; 
married Ahagail JJ'dlker. 

8. Abngall^ lx)rn July 15,1723 ; married, Samuel JVilso/f^ 
2, Simeon Spauldhuj of Chelm^^ford. 

9. IcJiabod^ born Dec. 23,1724; lived at Mosley place. 

10. Lucy^ lx)rn Jan. 3,1725-^. 

11. Jcmas, born Feb. 16,1728-9. 

:~k: ' -^^^ . 

: •► '^ -*S\:-^/,^ 


12. Am, hvn Feb, 16;i728-^; r^dad at Leominster r 

laarricd Tarnar iVitcomh J died A\\g. I^IS2Q. \. - '^ ^ 

13. Susanna^ born Oct. 23, 1740 ; rnamed Jatkua KandoM, 


Son of E(l\N-anl and fieliecca (Reed) Johnwu, was liorn Feb. 
1C,1728 — and resided at Leommster. 

Hi^ militiiry record is as follow?', — 
^^ Common weiilth of Massachusett'', 

Office in' the Secretary Revolutionarj- War Service, 
llecord of Asa Johnson. 
Asa John«(.>n ap|iears witli rank of Private on Muster and 
Pay Roll of Capt. Ja^ph Sargent's Co., under command of 
General Sjieucer for service at Rhode Island. Serve'l l)etween 
ilay .J and July 12,1777, i! nv-.. 2^ day^. 

Ri-sidt'iice Lt'oniin.-ti'r. Vol. 3, p 162. 

ApjK'ai-s with iMidc of Private (tn 3[u>t'.r and Pay Pvolj of 
Capt. Xa^iiauii'l Carter's Co.. Cul. J-h Ciishir.-'x Reg't. 
E(ili>li'd Sftit. 7,1777. Sirvcd 3 iiios., 4 d;iy.-. 

Pioll dated Lwmin.ster, Apr 3,1778. Vol. 18, p 31. 

Ap]- ars v.ith rank < if Private or. Mu-ts-r and Pay Roll of 

Capt. Tii:i..tliy Rauvlir's (jo., Col. John Rand'.-- Re.i^ment 

(Worce.-t'-r Co.), rai-cd for three niontli'^ tv> reinforce the 

Continental Anny. 

Enli>5te<l July 10,17S0 : Served 3 months U days. 

Vol. 17, p 137. 
Commonwealth of ]\Iassaelni<ctt8, 

Oftice of the Secretary. Boston, Jan. 18,1895. 

I certify the forejijoing to he true abstracts from the Record 
Index to the Pvcvolutiouary War Archives dcpo.dted in this 
office. Witness the Seal of the Conjnionwealth. 

SEAL. Wm. M. Olin, St^cretary." 


Am Jolinaon mftrricd T^imar Whitccmb by whom he hod 
fourteen children, all horn at Leommater, Ma?s. where he died 
Aug. 13,1820, aged 92 Years. 

1. Tamar^ horn Jan. 4,1754 ; married WUUam Ross of 

2. Sarah, horn July 26, 1755 ; raarried Benj, Mizzy of 
Chester, Vt. 

3. Reliefs born July 25,1757; married Edicurd Johisou^ 
' her cousin. 

4. Fnidenrc^ Ln^rn Jnly 22, 1757 ; manicd ■Jo.siah Scinjer 
of Berlin. 

5. Am^ horn Fch'y 15,17G1 ; married ILipnali Horn ; 
settled in Waterford. 

6. Ji.mat>^ Ixjrn Xov. 30,1702 ; married 1, Surah Fcrrju- 
fOi!^ 2, Sarah McCoij. 

7. /S'/Zr/.*, horn Maicli 14,17G.'3 ; married S'dhj r>>Jhinslof. 
of Leominster. 

8. Jouat/taii, Ixan May 3,17C7 ; marrit'd Ear'cr. Win<i\-<1 
of Lancaster. 

9. Euni'cr^ ]iorn June 19,17C9 ; married Martin Xctd'oi 
uf Xorthton. 

10. Luci/^ iKirn ^larch 7,1771 ; married Elj( r CrO'ltlrn-J. 

11. Lvftic(\, horu Feh'y 8,1773 ; married Daniel Kcirhall. 

12. Marij^ h^vn D-e. 1,1774 ; married Jonafhan Carter. 

13. Natlta)i^ horn 3Iarch 2,1777; married Martltu Daridscni. 

14. Jvtliaiv-^ horn Oct. 28,1779 ; m.arried Betsey Hv§\ 


Son of Asa and Tamar (Whitcomh) John&)n, was 1>irn at 
Jjeominster, Mas?., May 3,r^G7and wht^i a young man eniii^rat- 
ed to central New York, He told his grantlson Gconre tliat when 

9 — 

out in the woodt; at srigar making he heard the firing on Apr. 
19,1775, referring probably to gims that ^vcre fired to arouse the 


From 1785 to '90 emigrants from New England were rap- 
iilly settliD- Herkimer aninty, Now York, north .f the Molunyk 
river, pushing iheir way U}) tlio river in boats. The st;ite legis- 
hiluio havirg in 1786 pasi^ed an act approj>riating m..uey to aid 
in public inipnn-t'ment, travel and trau.^portation, a canal at 
Little FalH abjut one half mile in length and with AV(X)den locks, 
\v;ls a^ni])k-ted in 1795. Whether he came to aid in building it 
is unknown, but lie said, " I struck ulm<-»i^t the fir^t blow on that 
cuial. " lie ])robab]y did not (^migrate wholly for -that, for in 
1792-3 lie settled on a good farm of one hundred acres between 
Katunvili.; and ^iliddlcvillc on a siuTcy known asGkn's Purchase 
wiilun Ihe Tv;val Grant. It is now {iS'Jb) within the town of 
I'liirti'ld which was set off from Noiway in J79t>. Here his 
chiUr. u were ih vn e.\eej»t thocKlest, and here he n inahit.'*! imtil 
Frhriiiirv 29, IbOS when he s:old his farm to h^teiiheu Brayt-ju 
and ]inrchascd another (how known iis the D-'xtd- place) ^m the 
oTiier below Old City T. ward ^MiddleviHc. Tii-ii there was no 
direct r>Kul to ^SewiHort, which was settled with fanulies frojji 
Xewport, K. I., J7SC to '91. He kept this pla.-c until 1S36, his 
chiMren being educated at "The City Scho;!" (District >\). 4), 
the first building lK?ing burnt during their chiklhood and the 
second one replaced alx)ut 1859. Old City was at that time a 
]>l;u.-c of much imp)rtance. He said concerning it, '^]3ef )re tht 
Dowens got started in ba^-'iness at Newport, the city was ijuite a 
])lace of business." Here was a gristmill, sawmill, fullingmill, etc., 
thret; dams and the site.> of others remaining in 1834. The first 
sawed lumlxir used at Newport probably came from '•'The City." 

The next and final earthly home wa« a farm which he 
purcha^'d on White Creek on the old road leading from Old 
City over the hill to Newport, now owned by doseph Spellmcu. 

— 10 — 

He mnrried, in^l790, Ennice Willaid who wius born at 
liancjt^ner, :Ma.s^., 21ty 3,]7<;7. Both were memlx-,r8 of the New- 
[v>i-t Biiptist church, lie being deacon, and lx)th are buried in the 
cuietcry at the r<'ar of the church. He died May 10,1842, aged 
7o, and /no Awj;. 10, ISni.'^'^heir eight children, like his 
i.ioili^Ts ami sifter?, all grew to manhood and womanhood. They 
are as f-iilovs, — 

1. Fu.i'ce, l>orn at Lancaster, Mass., Apr. 4,1792 ; manied 
Amos J/ihh'ctli oi' the town of Herkimer, N. Y.; died Feb. 
20,1 SCf ^f^- t.y 

2. Wniirdy l)orn Aug. .% Yii)!f; married Soba ]iaUou (or 
l'J,;U!ps): lived near Pontiach, :\Iich.; died Aug. 18(>7. 71 

•■5. /./•// (tAvin), Ixjni Jnnc '), 17I>7 ; marrieil J<i],n Fniiune 
(f Ni-\viM,rt, M. v.: Died xVui:. 1^. 1872. .'^' 

4. 'J''nir;r (twin), imirrie-.l WiUnivi Jkito/ian of Kewpdrt: 
(liM Oct. s:iS37. -'C 

."'. Jni"t/,ini. liorn ^lay 1'/. ISOl: ^hxrr'iQd r/trtfhr Uasf.iKiti; 
liv.l at IM-rli.l.i, X. v.; di-d :\Lir. (;,1874. VI 

'!. >'/,/"■'/(. lorn Apr. 24, 1803; married C<niisfndr, 
lived at Clintcn, N. Y.; diod 1884. yi 

7. Ilirant, \)uxi\ A])r. 2.'), bsO"*: married Lavinin Tanner: 
dit^l J)iiie 21,1882. 7 7 

N. Marn, In-rn Jiine,^1807 ; married Aaron Swift ; lived at 
NewpMrt and Kidiiicld, N. Y.; died Oct. 21, 1858. -Vf 


Yunng.'.«t son of Jonathan and Eiiriice (Willard) Johnwn, 
wiiM ]x)rn Apr. 25, 1805, in the town of Fairfield, N. Y., 
l)ct\veon Eatonville and Middleville, tiie latter place being 
settled the next year. ^Vlleu about three years of age, his 

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pftreuts purchased and moved to a farm just l>cIow Old Oity, 
the sune township, where he Kpent his boyhood. After marriage 
he settled ou u farm on Honey Hill, in tliC! town of Newport, 
vn the road from Newport to Utiai and about tliree miles from 
the former. In 1830 he moved to White C'reelf near the bridge 
on tiie old Woodchnck Hill r<)ad leading to Newport, three years 
later he managed the " Oxbow " farm, and the next year lived 
at liig father's. Soon after, the hom(fftea'-l w:is sold and ho 
returned to White Creek, moviug back onto hi? farm and his 
father onto an adjoining one on the south side of the creek. 
Here he managed ]x>th places H3 one, caring for liis father 
until his death in 1842, and with his Filter Mary- for his 
mnthf-r until he sold out and went west in 1844. 

He sjtiirtod for northern Illinois in Septemljer, taking a line 
Ixxit from 3Iolia\vk to Buflalo^ foin- days, and thence a stearaboiit 
for Chiciigo, four days mvve^ this being before the dap of 
railroads, (liicago having at the time about 8,000 inhabitants. 
Ho nuule a sh<-rt stop with friends at Belvidere and tluni 
])IIrcha•^ed laud on the road to ll^itckford. Later he moved to 
]\Iichig:in and settled on a little place near Kalaniazoi-) where he 
lived cumfurtahly for many yearp. Becoming blind ho returacd 
t') New York and made his home with his children at Ilion, 

He marri'Ml Jjavinia Tanner who was bom in Nonvay, Oct. 
13,1803, the union being blessed with ono son ami tw) 
daughters. She was t t in embe r o f the Baptist Ghiiroh at New- 
}x)rt for many years, but later became a Mettiodist in whicli 
communion ishe remained a faithful member until death. He 
died at Ilion, June 21,1882, aged 77 yeara, and she at the same 
place, Aug. .3,18!>3, in her ninetieth year. Both are Iraried in the 
family plot in the village cemctary. 

Their children are as follows, — ; " ■ - i 

1. Gcorffe Lorenzo, horn jit New{>ort Hill, N. Y., Jmie 
15,1827 ; married 1, Cynihia Maria Butll to whom were bcflu 

one son and three daughtei^, and 2, Muni Jane Mooix to whom 
was horn u son. 

2. Hurrtet Z^lVrn at White Cr.ek, N. Y., Dc*. 18,1830; 
married Henry IJitrhcock of Michigan, who f^oon died leaving a 
dauiiliip.r, Ue*^\who uiarried Jtlarenu.s Pearce of Willow vale, 
N. Y.; returned to New York and made her liome with her 
uncle Jonathan at Deerfield ; later settled atlhon and cared fur 
her aged parents ; a faitldul member of Piifst>rtm^ church ; 
now (1898) with her daughter at Wa,«hiiigton Mills, N. Y. 

3. JIary EUa^ 1x)rn Jan, 15,1835, near Old City, Fairfield 
Township, N. Y.; ucver married ; lived at Trenton, New ^'ork 
City, Irviiigton, Rivcidale, and again r,t New Yc^rk Cit}' where 
mifrt of her life ha"? been spent ; held various p,o>itions of trust 
a.s liouse keeper, head matron of Sing-sing Femaf^ l^rivm, (4c. Siic 
was for Several years eoniieeted with the 3Iaguret L-uisa Home 
(;f the Yuiuig ^Vulnan's Christian Association, New Yui'k, and 
was an active mendxr of tlic 3Ietrf'polit;ui T^ n;]i\'(?dftlii> ; 
is now eniploycd in tlie House of Picfug'' for Woniou at Hudson, 
N. Y. 


Only s(jn of Iliram and Ijavinia (Tanner) Johnson, was 
h)vn on Newport Hill, N. \'., June 15,1827, and removed with 
his parents to White Creek, to tiie iiomestead near ( Md City 
where he l)egan his education in District No. 4, and then to 
Whit« Creek again where he sj)eut his boyhood. In 1844, at 
seventeen yt^rs of age, lie went with his father to northern 
IllinoiP. He remembers Chicago afi a town without pavement?, 
witli })lank sidewalks, and low, cheap, wooden buildings. He also 
saw oxen drawing wheat in the city. The first winter he board- 
ed near Belvidere and went to school, and the following Kummer 

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worked on a farm at eight dollars per month. Later he vent to 
BelviJere to leara the carpenter's trade, Ixing apprentioeil at 
$ 50 for the first year, S GO for the sec'»n(i, ami 8 So for the third. 
Taken ill, he was excused the third y.Mr and returned U) Newjwrt 
where he attended a private scliuol in the ba'?ement of the Bap- 
tist ehurch. 

In the spring of 1S4S, he began \v0rlciu2; at his trade and 
the same autumn lx\2;an work for Truman Bn^jll at Middleville 
whof5o sistOT he afterward married. Purchasing his place and 
jjoodwilL he established him:>elf in l>a.-ine?H and later bouirht a 
lot and built a Ixjautiful homo in the village. Stalling out.j he went 
t-o Wisconsin and l»ought governuient land. In Apr. ISjS, he 
moved to Old City, N, Y., a little Liler '."xch:int>-ed his western 
land f )r wood-worldng uiachinory, and in 18(10 began manu- 
facturing sish, liliml'^, (lu*>r-, <-'tc in tht- oM ll i\ mill. Tiie war 
affecting the price of cotton nnd tlax, in partncr^lnp witli 
Alexander and Frank Gri-v/old undi-r tlie tinn n;inie of J<.lin«on 
& Co., 'he put in rjoilrin macMurry and .M'wcd and worke(l a 
hundrcl ncrcs of ilax, 'I'he secou'l year tln-y s.ild the crop on tliC 
ground, leading the jilant for working it, and later sold the 
machinery. He tlun changed back to wrmd again. Thinking 
that a railroad would nevor W bnilt throngli the valley, though 
several survey 1 had been made and the work has bince Wen 
done, he t-old his places on iMh sides of tlie creek near the 
falls and moved to Herkimer. He rentod a mill pnjperty 
in the lower part of the town and a home in the upper part 
neai" the Belhnger homestead. In Feb. 1S71, the mill and con- 
tents were destroyed by fire, but the people coming to his aid 
in thirty days he was re-e'^tablished in a new place. 

Upon invitation and with the advice of friends, here- 
moved to I! ion in 1874, purchased the planing mill of the 
crtKlitors of the Grc^en brothers, and entered into partnership 
with Brill & Rus*!I, lumber dealers, under the firm name of 

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Geo. L. Johnson & Co. One object in thus moving vas to 
•give his childen superior educational advantages, Tlio business 
Uiug pnispcroiLS and promising, he purchased a lot and built 
anntlicr home, but the Kemingtons becoming involved which 
resulted in' liuancial depression the jxirtnersliip was dissolved. 
Hoping to save his home, he went to Colorado Springs and then 
to Denver where he worked in the D & R. G. R. K. shops for 
several yejir.s, sending money to meet his obligations. Failino- 
in health, lie returned to Bion in 1887 since which time ho 
has carried on a small banner. Until leaving for Colorado 
he made a liome for his father, and after his return agisted in 
caring for his invalid mother as did aL«o Iwth of his sisters. lie 
luU" been for years a mcnibt^r of the jMethodist Episcc'pal cliurch . 
and when in Denver was an official memljer. 

He w;us married, Sei)t. 1265 1850, to Cynthia Maria Cnell 
wliK Wiis U'rn Feb. 27,1825. She was the daughter of George 
!j!i.11 of ]Middleville, a well to do farmer and builder and an 
honored member of the Methodist EpLscopiil Church as \\,nv 
m.-u'Iy all his large family. She was also the cousin of }.Ir.-. 
Rutie E, Buell who wrote the "Child of a King". She witli 
her brothers and sisters was educated at Fairfield >Seminar}-. 
After her marrmgo she was never strong but nevertheless 
managed her household after the manner of the model woman 
descriljed in the last chapter of Proverbs. i\Ioreover, she wjxs 
an active member of the Methodist Episopal Church, and like 
Dorcas was remembered for lier good deeds. In time of 
sickness she wa*? invariably called upon by her neighbors, and 
on one occasion by the skillful use of a bandage, saved the life 
of a boy who had ait hia leg. Her useful life here was cut 
short through ti\king Typhoid Pneumonia from the writer of 
this sketch, when worn down by weeks of careful nursing. She 
lovingly gave her life for that of her bi^. All the members of the 
family were sick, but only she was taken — the one most needed 

ftud the best prepared. She died Dec. 22, 1872, at Herfciiner, 
and was bariad at Middlsvillc. She hu but gone before. 

After moWng to Ilion, he married iH/rs. Mdnj Jane Moore 
of Herkimer to whom waa bom one chi]d, Fred Arthur. She is 
a member of the Methodist Epiacopol Church. 

The childreu are as follows,— 1986721 

1. Fanny Matilda^ lx>rn at Middleville, N. Y., January- 
24, 1854 ; died Febnuirj 17 the same year. 

2. Mia Hon-iet^ bora at Middleville, April 27, 1850" : 
taught school several years in Herkimer and Mont gomery Coun- 
ties, N. Y., and at Luzerne, Pa.; for several years Private 
Secretiiry for Mr. F. W. Guiteau at Irnngton-on-the HuJ.son 
during which time she has been president of the local Woman's 
Foreign Mlssionay Society and a work.-r in the Sunday Sc.h<x:>l. 

3. Herbert liuell, }x)rn at Old City, Fairfield township, 
K. Y., April 30, 1858 ; married Emma Jane Leech ; 2, Clara 
F'vira TticJiardson. 

4. Anna Lavinia^ lx)rn at Old City, N. Y., June 14, ISol ; 
taught school several years ; manied Alfred Leavitt Hine'i of 
Norway, N. Y., June 9, 1886, by the writer, at Plains, Pa.; they 
])urchased tho homestead near Norway, N. Y. where they liv<' : 
both members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and she the 
]. resident of the local W. F. M. S. ^ 

They have one daughter, Frances Ella^ bom June 23', 1895. 

5. Fred Arthur^ born at Hion, N. Y., December 3, 1875; 
studied at Ilion Academy and Wyoming Seminary, Pa.; enlisted 
in the Americo-Spanish War and wjis promoted to Corp.?ral 
while at Chicamauga. :;S->25:<>»-r*-*-^ Z> U/-^^,^-,-,-*...' ^ •'•A-^. 


Only son of Greorge Lorenzo and Cynthia Buell Johnaon 
was born at Old City, Fairfield township, N. Y., Apr. 30, 1858. 

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Oa his mother's aile he is a decendmit of WiUUm Bnell or 
Bewelle or Beville of Chesterton ia Hautinj^n, Eaglaud, who 
euiigrutcJ to America about 1630 and settled at Dorchester, 
Mtw*i., and then removed to Windsor, Conn, about 1C35 where 
he died in 1G81. He was a Pnritan and a naan of good \Km- 
tion. The line is a^^ followF^ — 2, Hamuel Buell of Windsor and 
Killing worth, Conn.; 3, Major David Buell of Killinijworth, 
Conn.: 4, Jedediah Buell of Killingworth (now Clinton) C<»nn.; 
5, J<>n;\than Buell of the same place, who removed to Fairfield, 
near Little Falls, N. Y., and died at Pom|iey, N. Y., Q Oeorge 
BucIl ul" Fairfield, N. Y. win; was born at Killingworth, Conn., 
married Anna Skinner at Plainfield, N. Y., and died at Middlc- 
ville, N. Y.; au<l 7, Cynthia Maria Buell who married ttoorge 
Jjovenzx) Johnson and who died at Herkimer, N. Y., Dec. 22, 

Herlx?rt Buell Johnsjn, like his father and grandfather, 
beg:in Ills cilucation at District No. 4, Fairfield township, near 
Old City, and at ton yrars of age removed with his parents to 
Herkimer, N. Y. where he attended the graded Bchool. Six 
years later, liis mnthor having died, the family moved to Ilion 
where he atttmded the LTuion School and Academy from which 
he graduated in 187S. While at Herkimer he was twice aiok 
unto death, once with Typhfiid Pneumonia and f^in with 
Scarlet Fever. During the school days at Ilion, with the excep- 
tion of one winter when he lived with a farmer and thus earned 
hifi boiird, he worked in his father's factory night" and mornings, 
Saturdays and vacations, thus learning the use of the acroll saw 
and tuniing lathe. He was j)resident of his class and was 
instrumental in organizing the Academy Alumni Society, being 
the first president. 

He taught a terra of school at East Frankfort, spent a year 
in a general store at Ilion, and worted part of another in the 
Itemington Sewing Machine Factory, ilay 29, 1879 he married 

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Miss Emma J., eldest daughter of Thomas and Angelino Leocb 
of E:tst Frankfort, who died four mootlifif later ; asit the; ttext 
year, }iclding to a call to preach after a long (straggle, he' 
entcrod upon his life work bj starting for Drew TheoL^^ical 

He had been converted in 1876 at liioa, nnder the laliors 
of JRr;v. iionry W. Bennett, Init later removed hv* mem bei-.-ship 
to Frankfort where he was a class leader witen he left to eater 
the theologicul ?cli(x>l. For years he had al» been an jvctive 
member of the Good Templars and Rechabites, and SujK^rin- 
tendent of the East Fri\nkfort Sunday School ; and had hIjo 
bec-u Secretary of the liion Y. M. C. A. lli.s first sernvm was 
preached at Columbia, N. J., Nov. 21, 1S80, from Matt. i:i : 25, 
30, his presiding elder giving written permissinu in the absucc 
of a license. The Herkimer, N. Y. Dist. Conference lici-ii^cd 
him to preach Feb.-22, 1881, T. B. Shepherd Iving ])iv<i!ling 
ekler. In December the same year he was ap}»ointed juuior 
preacher on the Port Oram and Teabo charge, Newark Con- 
ferciico. witii J. P. Maaiulay as senior. The circuit was praeti- 
cally divided, the junior preacher taking the Te;i.b.~> en<l. He 
was reaj)] Klin ted the following conference and serveil the charge 
until iu:^t Ivf jre graduation. During this pastorate, a gracitMW 
revival tooic place, the y<iung lady whom ho afterward married 
being one of tlie converts. He graduated in May, 1883, being 
one of seven speakers, and eleven years late» received the degree 
of Bachelor of Divinity on a post graduate course. The follow- 
ing year (1895), he also received the degree of Bachelor of Philos- 
ophy from the Illinois Wesleyan Universit}' on a non-resident 

In April, 18S3, he entered the Wyoming Conference at 
*he head of his class. He was ordai«ed deacon by Bishop Foster 
at Owego N. Y. in 1885, and elder by Bishop Fowler, tvfo years 
later, at Norwich, N. Y. His first appointment was Luzerne 


where he spent three pleaaint years, moving to Pkius in the 
Spring of 1886 which place he left in the autumn of 1887 tt> take 
up mission work in Ja})au, He was the first pastor at LuiM?rne, 
the Forty Fort circuit having been divided that year. 

His presiding elders, Revs. A. Griffin and R. W. Van- 
JSchoick both spoke very highly of his work in tlieir annual reports. 
At Luzerne over two hundred were converted, and the cliurch 
was enlarged and improved at a cot>t of about S 5(X)0, the 
•entire exjjense being paid in caslj. A gracious revi\-al had 
occurred, and $ ICXX) paid on the debt at Plains when the call 
came to go to Japan. The Wyoming Conference letter in the 
Cliridlan Advocate contained the following,' — " The Rev. H. 
B. JohnsDH, one of our nK^st valued and efficient young men, 
was tendered a farewell reception reciiitly at Plains, Pa. by 
his devoted cinigregation there aiid the ministers of Wyoming 
District, pre]iaratory to his departure for Japan. A l)ountifuI 
collation, songs, prayers, inf trmal ad<lresse.s, apjjropriate gifts to 
brother Johnson and his iiiglily esteemed wife charmed tlie happy 
liour. On Thursday evening the Order of Patriotic Sons of 
America also presented brothi-r Johnson a beautful gold watch. 
He left Nov. 12. Wyoming's los^s is Jaj-an's gain." 

Sailing from San Fmueisco Nov. 19th, lie reached Naga- 
saki just before the clofie of tl)(? year where he immediately be- 
gan work in Cobleigh Seminary. At the following Confer- 
ence, he was appoipteil Princij)al of the Theological Depart- 
ment which position he held three years when at his suggestion 
the departments were c<)nsolidated. His sub^' juent appoint- 
ments have been, 1891-2, Professor in Cobleigh Seminar.- and 
pastor of Deshima Church ; 1893, Principal of Chinxei 
(Cobleigh) Seminary; 189-1-j, Dean of Aoyama College 
( Tokyo ) and Principal of the Academy ; 1896, in the U. S. 
A. on furlough ; 1897, Pastor of Mita Church, Tokyo, and 
Miasion Treasurer; 1898, Presiding Elder of Fukuoka District. 

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By the division of the conference he thufi became a charter 
memlvr of the South Japan Miauoii Conference. In 1893, 4, 5, 
and after his return from furlough, at the seaeion in 1898, he 
served his conference as Secretary. 

Shortly aftA»r joining Wyoming Conference, May 22, 1883, 
he was united in marriage with Miss Clara Elvira Eicharclson 
who wa-s })orn at St. Clare, Pa., December 29, 1861. She is 
the only daughter of Lancelot W. Richardson of Teabo, near 
Dover, New Jcm^y, who for yeai-s had been master mechanic of 
the Glendon Iron Company. Her mother was Mary Maddock 
of South Easton, Pa., who was a life long member of the 
Methodist Episcoj)al Ciuirch. She has two brothers, Gi'^irge 
W., master mechanic in a silk mill in Hoboken, N. J., and 
Robert W., foreman in a maclihn; shop in New York City. 

Six sons have l)lessed this union, one djing in infancy. 
In aJditi<:»n to her household duties, there l)eing no suitable 
schools ftir foreign children the devoted mother had the care of 
their schcx^ling while in Japan, and after her husband's return 
to Japan in 1S97 she remained in the United States a year on 
account of the education of the two eldest whom it was not 
thought Ijest to take back. 

Their children are as follows, — 

1. Howard Maddock^ born at Luzerne, Pa., October 11, 1884, 
and baptised by Rev. Austin Griifin, D.D. 

2. HcrhcH Buell Jr., born at Plains, Pa., April 22, 1886, 
and baptised by Rev. R. W. Van Schoick, D. D. 

.3. Milion Richardson, born at Nagasaki, Japan, Janiiaiy 
19, 1889, and baptised by Rev. J. C. Davison. 

4. WiJlard Edioard, bom at Nagasaki, Japan, September 
29, 1890, and died at the same place January 16, 1891. 

5—6. Clarence Lancelot and UobeH Arthur^ twins, born at 
Nagasaki, Nov. 18, 1892, and baptised by Bishop Randolph 
S. Foster. 

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