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Full text of "Orderly book and journals kept by Connecticut men while taking part in the American Revolution. 1775-1778"

REESE LIBRARY 

OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 




Class No. 



COLLECTIONS 



OF THE 



Connecticut Historical Society 



Volume VII 



*# 




HARTFORD 

PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY 

1899 



1 



i/, 



The Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, Printers 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY 

Elected May 24, 1898 



Vice- 
Presidents, 



President, CHARLES J. HOADLY. 

/SAMUEL HART, Hartford. 

I JAMES J. GOODWIN, Hartford. 

\ JAMES TERRY, New Haven. 

) RICHARD A. WHEELER, Stonington. 
^MORRIS W. SEYMOUR, Bridgeport. 

J THEODORE S. GOLD, Cornwall. 

f FRANK FARNSWORTH STARR, Middletown. 

1 ELLEN D. LARNED, Thompson. 



Recording Secretary, ALBERT C. BATES. 

Corresponding Secretary, W. DeLOSS LOVE. 
Treasurer, JONATHAN F. MORRIS.* 

Librarian, ALBERT C. BATES. 

Auditor, ROWLAND SWIFT. 

JOSEPH G. WOODWARD. 
JULIUS GAY. 
JOHN E. MORRIS. 
Membership Committee, / HORACE E. MATHER. 

MARY K. TALCOTT. 
JANE T. SMITH. 
WILLISTON WALKER. 



Library Committee, 



FRANCIS H. PARKER. 
SAMUEL HART. 
SHERMAN W. ADAMS.* 



Publication Committee, 



FRANK FARNSWORTH STARR. 
ALBERT C. BATES. 
LEVERETT BELKNAP. 



Committee on 

Monthly Papers, 



• Deceased. 



P. H. WOODWARD. 
CHARLES B. WHITING. 
FRANK FARNSWORTH STARR. 

(iii) 



117808 



ORDERLY BOOK AND JOURNALS 



KEPT BY 



CONNECTICUT MEN 



WHILE TAKING PART IN THE 



American Revolution 



177^-1778 



(v) 



CONTENTS 



Orderly Book of Capt. William Coit's Company at siege of 

Boston, 1775, ..... 1 

Journal of Ensign Nathaniel Morgan at siege of Boston, 1 775, 99 

Journal of Simeon Lyman of Sharon, 1775,. . . 111 

Benjamin Trumbull's Journal of the expedition against 

Canada, 1775, . . . . .137 

Benjamin Trumbull's Journal of the campaign around New 

York, 1776-77, . . . . .175 

Roll of Benjamin Trumbull's company, 1777, . . 219 

Journal of Oliver Boardman of Middletown in the Burgoyne 

campaign, 1777, . . . . .221 

Journal of Bayze Wells of Farmington, in the Canada expe- 
dition, 1775-77, ..... 239 

Journal of Joseph Joslin, Jr., of South Killingly, a teamster 

in Western Connecticut, 1777—78, . . . 297 



(vii) 



PREFACE. 



Great interest is now being taken in the history of 
the War of the Revolution, and of the persons who 
participated therein. This collection of journals has 
been printed in order to facilitate the study of that 
period. 

The Society is indebted to Miss M. E. S. Coit, 
now deceased, for the use of the Orderly Book of 
Capt. William Coit's Company, and to Mr. James 
Terry of New Haven, for a copy of the roll of 
Benjamin Trumbull's Company. 

The other documents are the property of the Society. 

The printing of this volume was commenced some 
five years ago, and 192 pages had been printed when 
the present committee were elected. 

The index was made by Albert C. Bates, who also 
read the proof from the time this committee was put in 
charge of the work. 

Frank Farnsworth Starr, 

For the Publication Committee. 

February, 1899. 



( viii ) 



ORDERLY BOOK 

At Siege of Boston 

of 

CAPT. WILLIAM CO IT 

OF NEW LONDON 

April 23 to August J, 1775 
WITH SKETCH OF CAPT. COIT 




CAPTAIN WILLIAM COIT 

By P. H. WOODWARD 

John Coit (e), the emigrant ancestor of most of the Coit 
family in America, is found in 1638 at Salem, Mass., whence 
he moved to Gloucester in 1644. He made one of the party 
that accompanied Rev. John Blinman from that seaport to 
New London, and to whom the townsmen granted lands 
Oct. 19, 1650. He was a ship carpenter. The business 
descended to his son Joseph, who, with his brother-in-law, 
Hugh Mould, built many " ships " ranging from twenty to 
one hundred tons. Daniel Coit, father of Capt. William, 
was town clerk of New London from 1736 till his death in 
1773, at the age of seventy-five, with the exception of a sin- 
gle year. He married, second, Mehitable Hooker of Farm- 
ington, the mother of the subject of this sketch. 

Capt. Wm. Coit was born in New London Nov. 26, 1742 ; 
graduated at Yale College in the class of 1761 ; studied law, 
and was admitted to the bar, his certificate bearing the sig- 
nature of Gov. Saltonstall. He was a selectman in 177 1, and 
in December, 1774, was added to the local committee of cor- 
respondence raised the previous June. Early in 1775 ne 
organized and drilled a military company at New London, 
contributing generously from his own resources toward its 
equipment. 

News of the fight at Lexington reached New London 
the night of April 20. A few hours later, Capt. Coit with a 
part of his command was on the road, hurrying to the scene 
of action. The first leaf of the orderly book bears the 
legend "Campt at Cambridge, April 23d A. D. 1775." It is 
probable that the detachment consisted of about twenty 
men and rode on horseback. Like hundreds of others from 

Note. — The writer is indebted to Miss M. E. S. Coit, granddaughter of 
Capt. Wm. Coit, for many facts contained in this sketch. 



Eastern Connecticut, they started under a sudden, tumultu- 
ous impulse. After a short stay, finding that hostilities were 
not likely to be renewed by Gen. Gage in the near future, 
many of the minute-men, including the detachment from 
New London, returned home to put their affairs in order for 
the serious work of war. 

May 25, the company (the Fourth of the Sixth Connecti- 
cut Regiment, Col. Samuel Holden Parsons commanding) 
started for Boston, marching via Norwich, Sterling, and 
Providence. Eight of the companies remained on duty at 
New London till June 17, when they were ordered to Boston 
and posted at Roxbury. 

No entries are made in the orderly book between April 
26 and June 1. 

Capt. Coit with his company marched from Cambridge 
to Bunker Hill while the battle was in progress, and aided 
the other troops from Connecticut in covering the retreat of 
the provincials. 

The last entry on the last page of the orderly book bears 
date "Roxbury 7th August, 1775," and at this point the 
record as preserved breaks off abruptly. 

On the 5th of October, 1775, the Continental Congress 
authorized Gen. Washington to employ two armed vessels 
to intercept British store-ships, and before the close of the 
month made provisions for four additional cruisers. Acting 
under a broad construction of his commission, the comman- 
der-in-chief had anticipated Congressional action. 

Capt. Coit was detailed from the army to take command 
of the armed schooner "Harrison," one of the first to be got 
ready for service. His instructions from Gen. Washington 
are dated Oct. 22, 1775, and are printed in this pamphlet. In 
brief, he is directed to seize supply ships bound to or from 
Boston ; to send prizes to the nearest and safest port ; to 
search diligently for papers tending to disclose the designs 
of the enemy ; to treat prisoners kindly, allowing them to 
retain their money and apparel ; to avoid any engagement 
with any vessel of equal or slightly inferior strength, " the 
design of this enterprise being to intercept the supplies of 
the enemy ;" and to be extremely frugal of ammunition. 



5 

During the war no more daring service was performed 
than by the sailors of the nascent republic. King George 
regarded them as pirates, while his cruisers seemed sufficient- 
ly numerous to seal up the ports of New England. In put- 
ting out to sea they took not merely the ordinary risks of 
war, but, as they had reason to expect, of ignominious death 
in case of capture. Capt. Coit claimed to be the first Ameri- 
can "to turn His Majesty's bunting upside down." 

In January, 1776, the Council of Safety of Connecticut 
authorized the construction by Uriah Hayden, at his yard in 
Saybrook, of a war ship, "to be 80 feet keel, 27 feet beam, 
and 12 feet hold," and of about 260 tons. July 11 Wm. Coit 
was appointed captain of this craft, which had been christ- 
ened the "Oliver Cromwell." Being in Lebanon the same 
day, Capt. Coit was called before the Council, when Gov* 
Trumbull with Homeric simplicity "gave him advice, in- 
struction, and admonition as to his conduct, etc." 

Early in August the masts were damaged by lightning ; 
but on the 18th of the month she sailed out of the Connecti- 
cut River, and reached New London the 20th. On the 23d 
of October the Council ordered her to sail on a cruise of 
about two months, but she was not ready. Jan. 28, 1777, 
she was ordered to proceed to sea immediately, but the crew 
deserted. In March, Melally, the First Lieutenant, was dis- 
missed, and Capt. Coit reported that he would sail as soon 
as supplies were received. As the result of various compli- 
cations, however, he was retired from the State service 
April 14. Later he commanded the "America," and perhaps 
other privateers. 

When Benedict Arnold burned New London, Sept. 6, 
1 781, Capt. Coit was captured, and detained for a time on 
a prison ship near New York. 

Capt. Coit was tall, portly, soldierly in bearing, frank, 
jovial, somewhat eccentric, and very liberal. Among his 
peculiarities he wore a scarlet cloak, and hence was familiar- 
ly known as "The Great Red Dragon." Dec. 18, 1763, Capt. 
Coit married Sarah, daughter of Capt. John Prentiss, com- 
mander of the armed sloop "Defence," which convoyed five 
hundred Connecticut troops under Gen. Roger Wolcott from 



New London to Cape Breton in 1745. He died in London, 
England, in February, 1747. They had eight children, — 
three sons and five daughters ; the latter celebrated for 
beauty. Samuel Waldo said that Esther (Mrs. Clapp) had 
the handsomest face he ever painted. 

The eldest, Sarah, born in 1764, married George Lilling- 
ton of North Carolina, grandson of Col. Alexander Lilling- 
ton of the British Army. Gen. Lillington distinguished 
himself at the battle of Moore's Creek, N. C, where in 
February, 1776, about one thousand militia routed over fif- 
teen hundred Tories, composed in large part of Scotch High- 
landers. 

Esther, born Jan. 3, 1767, married Samuel Clapp in 
March, 1792. They lived under the shadow of Trinity 
Church, New York city, and the remains of both rest in the 
adjoining cemetery. 

Ann, born March 30, 1770, died March 30, 1792, on the 
day fixed for her marriage to the eldest son of Bishop Sea- 
bury. 

Elizabeth, the youngest daughter, married Joseph Bo- 
cage, a French exile, to whom Louis Philippe paid a lengthy 
visit while in this country. Mr. Bocage died in St. Lucia, 
where he owned a large estate. His widow died in Pine 
Bluff, Ark., at the residence of her grandson, Hon. G. W. 
Bocage. 

Of the sons, Daniel died at sea and Leonidas in child- 
hood. 

William, Jr., born Nov. 15, 1771, married in 1800 Frances 
Murdock, daughter of Rev. Jonathan Murdock (Yale Col- 
lege, 1766). He sailed out of New York as master for 
twenty-six years. During the war of 181 2, at the solicita- 
tion of Commodore Decatur, he took command of the armed 
boats that watched the enemy from the mouth of the 
Thames. He advanced, too, a large sum to pay the boun- 
ties demanded by the sailors who enlisted to man the fleet 
of Commodore O. H. Perry on Lake Erie. His vouchers 
were destroyed by fire in 181 8. As he had no duplicates, 
and as Commodores Perry and Decatur died in 1820, and the 
chaplain of the squadron about the same time, — the only 



officers having knowledge of the facts, — no part of the 
money was ever refunded either to him or to his heirs. 

In 1797, Capt. Wm. Coit, Sr.,. broken in health, left New 
London to visit his daughter in North Carolina, where he 
died in 1802. His dust rests in the family cemetery of the 
Lillingtons, on the banks of the Cape Fear river, thirty-five 
miles from Wilmington. His widow died in New York city 
in 1 81 3, and was buried in Trinity churchyard beside her 
daughter, Mrs. Clapp. 

Both father and son made generous sacrifices for their 
country. No descendant of theirs has ever received pen- 
sion or bounty land, or asked for either. 



[Inside Front Cover] 

Mofes Fargos- Orderly Book 

keept By himfelf at Cambridge for the Ufe 
of Capt William Coits Company it 
Being the 4- th Company and 6 Regment 
under Colo 11 Samul Holden Parfons of 
Lyme 

IN CONNETICUT IN NEW ENGLAND IN 

AMERICA 

*77 5 




Begining Apriel 23' 



[Title Page] 



ORDERLY BOOK 



for 



CAP* WILLIAM COITS 



COMPANY 



Campt at Cambridge, April 23' 



AD 1775 




[The Orders] 

Genoral orders Aprail 23 d 1775 

That Each Adjutant Serf Maj r and Each Ser* be Imme- 
diatly provided With orderly Books in order Regularly 
to Enter the orders of the army. 

that the Adjutant genoral obtain as Soon as posable 
a Compleate Return of the army in order to Form an 
Eaqiul Duty Rool [? Roll'?] 

Genoral orders Aprail 24 th 1775 

that the quarter Matter of Each Regment Be Derided 
to see that proper kittels be provided from Som of the 
Inhabatants for the Ufe of the provential troops untill 
the province Stores Can be Deliverd out and that the 
Commanding Officers of Each Company See that they 
be Returned in proper seson 

Field Officer of the Day Colo 11 Henfhaw 

Field Officer of the picquit to Night Col n porter Maj r 
Sawyer the picquit to Contain seven Captans 14 Subal- 
tins 28 Serj ts 300 Rank and File 

Field Officer for the Main guard Colo 11 Bridges Maj r 
Curtan the Main guard to Confist of Six Capts 12 Subal- 
tains 24 Serj ts 300 Rank and File and that the officers be 
prepaired this morning and Releave the prefant guard 
and that Vaults in some Convenant plafe for Each 
Regment 

Genoral orders Apriel 25 th 1775 

Field Officers of the Day Colo 11 Fry Maj r Raymond 
The picquit to Confist of Seven Capt 14 Subaltans 28 
Serj ts 320 Rank and File 

Field Officers Colo 11 green Maj r Miller 6 Capt s 12 
Subaltains 24 Serj ts 330 Rank and File be provided this 
morning at Nine oclock to Releve the prefant guard 



Adjutant of the Day gager that l Captain 2 Subal- 
tains 2 Serj ts and 40 privits be Deliverd and Repaire to 
the Farther! guard on Charleston Rode and there waite 
the orders of Mr Devons one of the Committe of safty 

To appear Immeadialy on the Common 
f Osgood Brigade Maj r 

Genoral orders Apriel 26 1775 

Parole Hancock 

Field Officer of the Day Colo" Doolittle 

Field Officers of the picquit to Night Col n Holdane 
Maj r Biglow 

Field Officer of the Main guard Lev 1 Bracket Dinf- 
more 

that 2 Companys be Datached from the picquit and 
posted as Follows (Viz) one at M r Inmans and one at 
Charleston Rode that the Revaley Beat Every Morning 
at 4 oclock that at the Beating of the Troop the officers 
and picquit be Immeadatly Afembeled on the parade the 
tatoe to Beat Every Eveing at Nine oclock that after 
y e Beating of the Tatoo there Be a profound Silance 
through the Camp 

"p Adjutant of the Southgate 

June 1 st Genoral orders 

Parole Ipswiph Countersign Newbury 

officer of the Day to Morrow Colo" Nixel [Nixon] 

Field officer of the picquit Guard to Night Maj r 

Wood 

Field officer of the Main Guard to morrow Colo 11 

Hutchesen 

Field officer of the Fitigue to morrow Lev 1 Colo 11 

Robarfon 



*5 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Nixon 

That the Commanding officer of Each Regment De- 
tachment or Company Daily Visit his solders whether in 
Barricks or in tents and oblige them to keep themfelfs 
there Barricks and tents Clean. The officers that Do 
not Strictly adhear to thefe orders are to be Reported to 
head quarters and the Soldiers that Disobeys the officers 
orders In this Resped are to be Confined at the Main 
Guard untill they Shall Receve Som adequate punish- 
ment to a Crime So heanous that the officers shall 
oblige them to keepe there parade Clean and Bury there 
Stench 

Sam 11 Ofgood Maj r of Brigaide 

June 3 d 1775 

Parole Marblehead Counterfign Lynn 
Field officer of the Day to Morrow Colo" Manfneld 
Field officer of the Picquit guard to Night Majr 
Field officer Main guard Lev 1 Colo" Bond 
Officer of the Fitigue to Morrow Putnam 
adjutant of the Day to Morrow Putnam 

Genoral Orders 
that the Commanding officer of Each Regm* Detach- 
ment or Company oblige all that are of Duty under his 
Command to be paraded at 4 oclock in the afternoon 
and be Redy the Whipping 2 prifenors Steeling at 5 
oclock 

Samul Ofgood Maj r of Brigad 

June 4 th 1775 

Parole Beverly Counterfign Rowly 
Field Officer of the Day to Morrow Colo" Wood- 
brige 



i6 

Officer of the Picquit to Night Butterik 
Field officer of the Main Guard to Morrow M. Le 1 
Co 1 Parker 

Field officer of the Fitigue Maj r Putnam 
Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Montague 

June 5 th 1775 

Parole Salfbury Counterfign Haverhill 
Field officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Patterfon 
Field officer of the picqut Night Maj r Poor 
of the Main Guard to Morrow Morning Lev 1 Colo" 
Whitting 

of the Fitigue to Morrow morning Maj r Jackson 
Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Warner 

June 6 th 1775 

Parole Gloucester Counterfign Topsfield 
Field officer of the Day to Morrow Le* Colo" Prefcott 
Do of Picquit to Night Maj r Putnam 
Do of the Main Guard to Morrow m Lev 1 Colo 11 Jones 
Do of the Fitigue to Morrow Morning Lev 1 Colo" 
Robartson 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Green 

June 7 th 1775 

Regmential orders 

That the Commanding officers of Each Regment De- 
tachment & Company make out a Compleat Return of 
the Numbers in his reipe&ive Regment Detachment and 
Company the Number of arms Sutiable for Servic and 
how Many Rounds Each Man is furnished with 

^ Samuel Ofgood Maj r of Brigade 



«7 

June 8 th Genoral orders 

Parole Shelburn Counterngn Conway 

Field officer of the Day to Morrow Col° Seaman 

[Scammans] 

Do of the picqut to Night Maj r Brooks 

Do of the Main Guard to Morrow M. Lev 1 Colo 11 

Moultan 

Do of the Fitigue to morrow Morning Maj r Stacy 
Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Marfdon 

Regmential orders 

That the Commanding officer of Each Company see 
his Company paraded on the Grand parade by 4 oclock 
in the afternown in order for Regmential Exerfises That 
Each Commanding officer See that his Clerk Calls over 
the Role Every Morning and Night before he Marches 
on the grand Parade and see that they are all there — 
that Each Commanding officer see thele as well as the 
Regmentel Orders of Yerfterday pun6tully obeyed or he 
may Depend upon Suffiering according to the Rules 
of war 

Genoral orders June 9 th 1775 

Parole Sunderland Countersign Montague 

Field officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Nixon . 

Do officer of the Picquit to Night Maj r Woods 

Do officer of the Main Guard to M -M. Le 1 Co 1 Bond 

Do officer of Fitigue to Morrow M. Maj r Wood 

Adutant of the Day Holdan 

from Cap* Coits Comp. 1 Sub n 1 Corp 1 & 15 privits 

Genoral orders June 10 th 1775 

Parole Northfield Counterngn Brimfield 
Field officer of the Day to Mo r Colo" Gerish 



Field officer of the picquit Night Maf Butrick 
Field officer of the Main guard to Mor w Morning 

Lev 4 Colo 11 Bracket 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Febdiget [Febiger] 
Draught of Cap* Coit Company l Serf 1 Corperal & 

9 Privits 

Genoral orders June 11 th 1775 

Parole Glyn Counteriign Wilkes 
Field Officer of the Day to Mor w Colo 11 Manffield 
Field Officer of the Picquit to Night Maj r putnam 
Field Officer of the Main guard to Mor w Morning 

Lev 1 Colo" Clark 

Field officer of the Fitigue to Morrow Maf poor 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Putnam 

Draught of Cap 1 Coits Company 

one Serf and 5 men for the picquit guard to Night 

ten Men for the Main guard to Morrow Morning 

Genoral orders June 12th 1775 

Parole York Counterfign Kittery 

Field Officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Wood- 
bridg 

Field officer of the picqut to night Maj r Wood 

Field officer of the Main guard to Morrow Lev* Colo n 
park 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Montague 

Draught of Capt Coits Company 

one Serf l Corparel sixteen privits for the picqut 
guard to Night 



l 9 

Genoral orders June 13 th 1775 

Parole Whoburn Countedign Concord 
Field officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 prescoot 
Field officer of the picquit to Night Maj r Stacy- 
Field officer of the Main guard Colo" Roberfon 
adjutant of the Day Hardy 

Head quarters Cambridge 13 th June 1775 

Genoral orders that a genarl Court Marfhell be held 
this day at the School houie at Nine Oclock to try such 
perfons as shall be Brought Before them Colo 11 Fry Pref- 
adant Capts Coit Bancroft Frances Newall Leafon Butler 
Leve 1 fofter Hyde webb Kyes gognoug [Gagnong'?] 
Porter Members Joseph Trumble Judge advocate all 
Evedan[ce] to atend 

Draught of Cap 1 Coits Company 

l SubaP l Corparl & 8 privits for picqut gard 1 Serf 
— 8 men for Fitigue 

Genoral Orders 14 th June 1775 

Parole Wilks Counterfign Berwik 
Field Officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Gardiner 
Field officer of the Picquit Night Maj r Jackfon 
Field officer of the Main Guard Mo r Lev 1 Col n Stern 
Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Hunt 

Regmentel orders 

that the officers of Every Company Belonging to Con- 
necticut now Stationed in Cambridge Excepting Cap* 
kotton in Cafe of an alarm Shall Repair on the grand 
parade where Lift. Waterman is Now Incampt and there 
waite for Further orders the officers of Each Company 



20 



Viwing the Fire Locks and See that they be Fit for 
Auction and Each man provided with 18 Round Car- 
theradegs and two Flints or more and in Cafe of an In- 
gagment that no man prefume to fire over a Battalion 
Engaged in Battalion that the officer of Every Company 
Parade with his own Company on the grand prade at 
Sun Rinng in the Morning and at Four oclock in the 
afternoon 

1& order genarol Putnam 
Dan 11 Tyler adjtat 

Genoral orders June 14 th 1775 

that Each Colo n of Every Regment take and keep a 
List of his men there names when Inlisted plafe of Refa- 
danc age Station and Comple&ion and order the Role 
to Be Called Every morning and Eving all officers 
See that all tumults & Diferances In Camp be Suprefsed 
that all Solders Repaire to there Barricks and Tents 
after the Beating of the Tato on penalty of Bering Con- 
fined that there Be no Noife in Camp after nine oclock 
at Night tliat the Field officers of the Day take Efpecail 
Care to prevent all grogge shops and if the owners of 
them Continue to sell Liquers to the Solders he is 
orderd to Stave all there Licquers all Officers see that 
there men attend upon prayers Morning and Eving 
allfo the Service on the Lords Day with there armes and 
accouterments Ready to march in Cafe of any alarm 
that no Drums Beat after the parfon is on the Stage and 
the men Imeadiatly attend the Commanding officers of 
Each Regment see that there armes and amunition Be 
Veiwed Dayly and that there [be] none wanting that 
Every Regment keep a quarter Guard 
Tru Copey 

J Ward Scarty [Sec'y] 



21 

Genoral orders June 15 th 1775 

Parole Taunton — Counteriign Rehoboth 
Field Officer of the Day to Mor w Colo 11 Leammous* 
Field Officer of the picquit Night Maj r Durkey 
Field Officer of the Main guard to Mor w Morning 
Lev 1 Colo" Nixon 

adjutant of the Day to Morrow Marfdon 
Regmental orders that the Refpetive officers who Fur 
nifh men for the Picqut guard Strictly Examin there 
arms and Amunition before they march to see that the 
arms and Amunition of the picquit guard be Stri6tly 
Examined before they go upon Duty by the Command- 
ing Officer of the Picqut 

Draught of Cap* Coits Company 

one Subaltain 1 Serf 16 privits for the Main Guard 
to Morrow Morning 





a 
'3 
a 

u 


a 

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3 
C/5 


<u 
X 


D, 

O 




(A 

U 
■-J 

s 

u 

p 


r. 
% 

a, 


On Command 
















Main guard 




NH 


- 










H 


on picquit guard 
















Barick guard 






1- 

1 






vO 


on Fitigue 
















Sick 




H 








CO 


Servents 














I* 


Presant 


l-H 


N 


CO 


M 


en 


e* 


ID 



/ 



The Report of Cap 1 Coits Company 



Very clear, but must be meant for " Scammons ". 



22 



Genoral orders 16 th June 1775 

Parole Leabanon Counteriign Coventry 
Field Officer of the Day m Colo 11 Nixon 
Field officer of the Picquit Night Maj r Brooks 
Field Officer of the Main guard m. LeP Colo n 

Hutchfon 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Holden 

Draught Cap 1 Coits Company 

One Subaltain 9 Privits for the picquit guard one 

Serf and seven privits for Advance guard To Night 

Genoral orders June 17 th 1775 

Parole Dearfeild Counteriign Conway 
Field Officer of the Day to Morrow Gerish 
Field officer of the Picquit to Night wood 
Field officer of the Main guard to m Lev 1 Colo 11 
Baldwin 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Febegin [Febiger] 

Regmential orders 17 th June 1775 

Capt. Coit and ten Privits muft prade on the grand 
prade 6 oclock this afternoon Equipt with two Days 
prevention Readay Drefsed and Blankets in order to 
march to the Releve of the Connecticut Troops at 
Charlestown 

^ order genoral Putnam 
Dan 1 Tyler Adjutant 

Genoral orders 18 June 1775 

Parole Maiden Courterfign Westown 
Field officer of the Day M Colo 11 Mansfield 
Field officer of the Picquit Night Maj r Poor 



23 

Field officer of the Main guard to morrow Morning 

Lev 1 Colo 11 Bond 

Adjuntant of the Day to Morrow Putnam 

Draught of Cap 1 Coits Company one Subaltain and 

15 Privits for Fitigue to morrow 

Genoral Orders 19 th June 1775 

Parole Scarbouagh Countersign Brunfwick 
Field officer of the Day to Morrow Col n Woodbrigde 
Field Officer of the Picquit Night Maj r Stacy 
Field officer of the Main guard to Morrow Lev 4 Colo 11 
Bruckit 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Montagu 

Regmential orders 

That the Cap* of Each Company Make a Return of 
there Company therin mentioning the Number Fit for 
Duty Sick and wounded Mising and the Number of 
armes Lost and that there Be a Regmential Courtmarfhel 
Immeadiatly Sit in order to try John Bray of Capt. 
Clarks Company Members for S d Courtmarfhell one 
Captain and 4 Subaltains 

*p order genoral putnam 
Daniel Tyler Adjutant 

Genoral orders 20 th June 1775 

Parole Harpfwell — Countersign Windham 
Field officer of the Day to morrow Colo 11 Fry 
Officer of the Picquit Guard to Night Captains 
Field officer of the Main Guard to mor w Lev 1 Colo" 
Brown 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Hardy 



24 

Genoral Orders 20 th June 1775 

That all such perfons as may have in there Posesiton 
guns packs Clothing and other Apperals that was taken 
up sence the Engagment on Bunkers Hill that the own- 
er of Which are unknown are Required to Return them 
to headquarters that the Right Owners May have them 
again 

See the Next page [Regimental Orders under June 
22] 

Genoral orders June 21 th 1775 

Parole Pomphrett Counterngn Bristoll 
Field officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 W m Pres- 
cott 

Field officer of the Picqutt guard to Night Maj r 
Jackfon 

Field officer of the Main Guard to M. Lev 1 Colo n 
Baldwin 

Adjutant of the Day to Morow Prescott 
that Commanding officer of Each Regment Detach- 
ment and Company make a Compleat Return of there 
Number in there Refpetive Regm ls Detachment and 
Company fit for Duty abfent on Furlow Deferted Sick 
and wounded in the Lair. Engagment or Mising on a 
Count thereof 

Genoral Orders June 22 d 1775 

Parole Langdon— Counterngn Apilton 
Field officer of the Day to morrow Col n Scammons 
officer of the Picquit Guard to Night Captains 
Field officer of the Man Guard to Mor w Lev t Colo 11 
Nixon 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Marfdon 



25 

Se the Beging of the Last page [General Orders 
June 20] 

Regmential orders 

that every Comp y Make out and Return to the Adju- 
tant a Compleat Return of the Number Men and Mifs- 
ing wounded of Guns and Blanckets Lost in the Last 
Ingagment at Charlestown this Day or by 9 oclock to 
morrow Morning 

Genoral orders 23 d June 1775 

Parole Lyman Counterlign Hopkins 
Field Officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Glover 
officers officers of the Picqutt Guard to Night Cap- 
tains 

Field officers of the Main Guard to Mor w Maj r Brooks 
Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Glovers 
that Colo 11 Bruers Nixons Scammons Gerishs Littles 
Gardiners Manffield Regments on or Near prospect hill 
the officers of Sa d Regment not to Desert there posts 
upon any Confederations whatever and Ufe there utmoil 
Endeavours to prevent the Doing the Same 

Genoral orders 24 th June 1775 

Parole Trowbrigde Counterfign Wattes 
Field officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Brigges 
officers of the Picquit to night Captains 
Field officers of the Main Guard to Mor w Lev 1 Col n 
Stores 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow — Fox 

Regmential orders 
that Every officer and Soldier under My Command 
and Cap 1 Coits and thofe officers and Solders in his 



26 

Company all Belonging to and Raised in the Colony 
of Connecticut are orderd on Every ocation when the 
Drums Beat to armes Immediatly to Repaire to the 
Parade Near the Incampment Laid out for my Regment 
and there form themfelfs and wait for Further orders and 
it is Further orderd that all the Drums and Fifes in the 
Regm 1 Do there Duty at the proper houres according 
to the Rules of there Duty in the Camp 

Sined By Ifrael Putnam 

Genoral orders June 25 th 1775 

Parole Halley Countersign Freeman 
Field Officer of the Day to Morrow Col n Fry 
officers of the picquit to Night Captains 
Field officer of the Main guard to M. Lev 1 Col n Rob- 
erfon 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Harday 

Genoral orders June 26 th 1775 

Parole Swanzey Counterfign Dartmouth 

Field Officer of the Day to morrow Col n Prifscott 

Officers of the Picquit Captains 

Field officer of the Main Gard to morrow Maj r Johno 
[Johonnot; cf. June 28] 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Green 

Draught Capt. Coits Company for a scouting Party 
at Leachmers point to Night one Subaltain 1 Serf 1 
Corperal and 30 Privits to apear on the grand parade a 
Little Before Sunfett to Night 

Genoral Orders June 27 th 1775 

Parole Prefscott Counterfign Dana 

Field Officer of the Day to morrow Colo 11 glover 



27 

Officers of the Picquit to Night Captains 
Field officer of the Main guard to Morrow Maj r wood 
Adjutant of the Day to morrow Gibbs 
Draught of Capt Coits Company for a Scouting party 
to Night one Subaltain one Serf 1 Corperl and 30 Privits 

Genoral Orders 28 th June 1775 
Parole Swanzey Counterfine Dartmouth 
Field officer of the Dav to Morrow Col n Prescott 
of the Picquit Captains 

of the Main Guard to Morrow Maj r Johnnot 
Adjutant of the Day to morrow Green 
Draught of Cap 1 Coits Companyany for Leachmeers 
point 1 Subateran 1 Serjant 1 Coparl and 30 privits 

Genoral orders June 29 th 1775 

Parole Washington Countersign Virginia 
Field officer of the Day to morrow Colo 11 Gerish 
Officers of the picquit to Night Captains 
Field officer of the Main guard to Morrow Maj r 
Brooks 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Hardy 

Regmential orders 29 th June 1775 

that the Regments in this Incampment parade to 
morrow morning at 5 oclock on the Common Where 
the Prisoners will be Brought from the Main guard and 
the Sentanc of the genorl Courtmarihel will be put in 
Execution againft them the Officers Commanding Com- 
panys will take Care that the men in there Refpe&ive 
Companys turn out Immediatly when Called upon for 
Duty the adjutant will take Care to Bring the men 



28 

upon the Plafe of parade for Guard, and other Duty, 
Perfisly at the time apointed by the adjutant Genoral 

For Fitigue of Capt. Coits Company to morrow one 
Serf l Corparel and twelve Privits 

Genoral Orders June 30 th 1775 

Parole Pennsylvinia Countersign Jamaica 
Field Officer of the Day to Morrow Col n Prefcott 
Field officer of the Main guard to morrow Morning 
Lev 1 Colo 11 Robarion 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Gibbs 
That all prophain Curling and Swearing and all Inde- 
fant Languge and Behavour will Not be tolerated in 
Camps the genoral Expects that all the officers from the 
higheft to the Lowell Rank Set a good Exampel to the 
Solders in this Camp that three Subaltains Be apointed 
to Dayly to Viset the Colage at Nine Oclock in the 
Morning to See that they are Swept Erly & that the 
officers Improving [sic, but?] Dwelling houfes take 
Care that those Soldiers Who are quartered in the Same 
See that they are Daily Swept that the Field officers at 
Cambridge Charleston Medford See that the adjutant 
Make out a Lilt of all the names of all the officers 
and Rank and File Belonging to there Refpeftive 
Regments & make out a Return Immediatly to the 
adjutant genoral 

that all posable Care Be taken that no Lewd Woman 
Com into the Camp and all Perfons are ordered to give 
Information of Such Perfons if any there be that proper 
Mefures may Be taken to Bring to Condine punifliment 
and Ride [rid] the Camp of all Such Noufances that the 
Rules and Regulations for the amarican army be Read 



29 

at the head of the Refpective Companys By the Captain 
or such other Perfons as they Shall apoint once a weak 

Till Further Orders 

Of Cap 1 Coits Company For Fitigue to Morrow l 
Serf 1 Corperal and 14 Privits 

Genoral orders 1 st July 1775 

Parole Bowdian Counterfign Dexter 

Fild officer of the Main Guard to Morrow Le\ rt Col n 
Glover 

Field officr of the Day to morrow Lev 1 Colo" Glover 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Fox 

that the adjutant of the Refpective Regments Doing 
duty Cambridge Charlestown and Medway Mak a 
weekly Return to the adjutant Gen 11 at headquart rs of the 
Number of officers Ranck and File fit for Duty Number 
unfitt where Stationed what Number on Duty Daily 
what Duty whether in Camp on Furlow or abfent 
without Leave 

the Drumers in Camps attend on M r John Bafsett 
Drum Maj r at 7 oclock to Morrow allfo Recv there 
orders Relpeting thre Duty 

July 2 th 1775 

Parole Pitts Counterfign Bradbury 
Field officer of the Day to morrow Col n Brackit 
Field Officer of Main guard Morrow M Maj r wood 
Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Hardy 

Genoral Orders 

That Some Sutible Perfons in Each Company and 
Regment be Dericted to Infpect S d Companys Daily 



3Q 

and that upon Finding any Complaints of Indisposion 
amongit the men the Surgans of Each Regment will 
Examin thereinto and if there be any Symtoms of 
the Small Pox upon them that they Immediatly are 
Removed 

Draught of Capt Coits Company for a Scouting Party 
at Leachmeers Point one Subaltern 2 Serf 1 Corparel 
and thirty Privits 

Parole Lookout 

Field officer of the Day to morrow Col n gerry 
Field Officer of the Main guard to Mor w Maj r Poor 
Adjutant of the Day to morrow Gibbs 

Genoral Orders 
By His Exelancy genarel Washington Eiq r Com- 
mander In Chief of the Forfes of the Unitied Provinces 
of North America the Colo 11 or Commanding officer of 
Each Regment are ordered Fourthwith to Make two 
Returns of the Number of men in there Refpeciive 
Regments Distinguehing thofe Who are sick wounded 
abfent on Furlow and alfo the Quantity of amunition 
that Each Regment has 

July 3 d 1775 

Parole Addington Counterfign Bedford 
By his Exalency genoral Washington Efq r 
that one Exact Return be Maid by the proper officers 
of all the Provisions ordinance stores powder and Lead 
Working Tooles of all kinds tents Camps kittels and all 
other stores under there Refpe&ive Care Belonging to 
the armyes at Cambridge and Roxbury the Command- 
ing officers of Each Regment to Make a Return of the 



number Blanckits wanted to Compleat Every man at 
Leait with one 

Article 2 d the Honourable artemus ward Charles Lee 
Phillip Schyler and Isral Putnam Efq rs are apointed 
Major Genorals of the american army By the honou- 
arble Contential Congrefs and Du obedince is to [be] 
paid unto them as Such 

the Contintial Congreis not having Compleated the 
apointment of the officers in s d army nor had Suffiste- 
ant time to Prepaire and Forward there Commisions so 
Every officer is to Continue to Do Duty in there Rank 
and Station he at Prefants holds untill Further orders 

Article 3 d 

Thomas Mifflin Esq 1 " is Apointed by the Genoral of 
his adeCamps Joseph Reed Eiq r is in Like maner 
apointed Secretary to the genarol and they In Futer to 
be Confidered and Regarded as Such 

Article 4 

The Contitential Congrefs having now taken all the 
Troops of the Several Coloneys which have bin Raised 
or which may be hearafter Raised for the Suport and 
Defenc of the Libertys of America into there pay and 
Service they are now the Troops of the United Provinces 
of North america and it is hoped that all Distincontions 
of Coloneys will be Laide afide so that one and the 
[same] Spirite May Animate the whole and the only 
Conteft be who shall under this great and Trying Occa- 
tion Do the molt Efsential Service to the great and 
Common Caufe in which we are all Ingaged 

Article 5 It is Requirid and Expe&ed that an 
Exact Difepline be obfervied and Du Subordenation 
prvaile through the whole army any Failure in thefe 
afsential points muft Necfserly produce Exlbeeme 



32 

hazerd Disorder and Confustion and [end] in a Shamfull 
Disapointement and Disgrace 

6 article Molt Neturall/ Requires and Expe&s a Du 
Obfervence of thefe articles of war Eftablished for the 
goverment of the army which forbids prophain Curling 
and Swearing and Drunkennefs and in Like Manner 
Requres and Expe&s of all officers and Soldiers not 
Engaged in a<5tuel Duty a Punctiul attendance on Devine 
Service to Emplore the Blefings of heven upon the Means 
Ufed For Our Safty and Defence 

Article 7 th all officers are Required and Expected to 
pay a Diligant attention to keep there men Neat and 
Clean to Vifet them often at there quarters Inculiate 
upon them the Nefefiaty of it as Afsental to there Health 
and Service they are particulerly to Se that they have 
Straw to Ly on if to be had and to make it known if 
Distitute of this article they are alfo to take Care that 
Nefiserays are provided in the Camps and Frequently 
Filled up to prevent Being ofTenfive and Unhealthfull 
proper Notice will be taken of Such officers and Men 
as Shall Distinguish themfilves By a Due attention to 
thefe Nefsafery Dutys 

Article 8 the Commanding Officer of Each Reg- 
ment is to take perticuler Care that not more then two 
men of a company be absent on Furlow on the same 
time unlefs on Very Extraornary Cafes 

Article 9 Colo 11 Gardiner is to be Buryed to Morrow 
att three Oclock prefisly with the Militery honours So 
Brave and Gallant an Officer is worthy of who Fought 
Blead and Died in the Caufe of his Countray and Man- 
kind his own Regment Except the Comp y at Maldain 
to attend on this Mornfull Ocasion the Plafe of thefe 
•Companys in the Lines on Prospect hill to Be Supplied 



33 

with Colo" Blovers [Glover's] Regment untill the Fu- 
narl is over 

Article 10 th No Parsons Whatever is allowed to go 
to the Fresh pond a Fishing or on any other ocation as 
there May be Danger of Introducing the Small Pox 
into the army 

1 1 Article 

It is Strictly Required and Commanded that there 
be no Peace of Canon no Small arms Firid from any of 
the Lines or Else where Except in Cafe of Nefesesary 
and Immedeate Defence or spefial order Givin for that 
Purpols 

12 th Article all Perfons Taken Deferters Coming 
out of Bofton who Can give any Intilagance of any 
Capturs of any kind From the Enimy are to Be Imme- 
diatly Reported and Brought up to head Quarters at 
Cambridge 

Article 13 th 

Cap 1 griffin is Apointed Addacamp to genarl Lee and 
to Be Regarded as Such 

Article 14 th 

the Guard for the Security of Waterman [Watertown'?] 
is to be Strengthed By ading 30 men Immediaty 

Article 15 

A Serjant and Six men to be Set at the horspitle as a 
guard and to apply to Do 1 Rand 

Article 16 Complaint having Ben Maide againgst 
John Whight Ouartermafter of Colo n Nixons Regment 
of Mesdemeanouers in Drawing out Provi lions for More 
men then the Regm 1 Confistid of and for Abulive Be- 
havour a court-Marfhell Confisting 1 Captain and 4 Lev 1 
is orderd to Be held on Sa d Whight at 9 Oclock to 



34 

Morrow morning who are to Make Due Enquiry Deter- 
min and Report 

Draught Cap 1 [Coit's] Company for a scouting party 
one Subaltain 2 Serf and 30 Privits 

July 4 th By his Exalency genoral Washington Esq r 

J 775 

Parole Be[d?]ford Counterfign Cambrigde 

Genoral orders 

1 st the Adjutant of Each Regment is Requir d To take 
Spefial Caire that all genoral orders are Communicated as 
well to the privit men as to the officers that there may be 
no Plee of Ignorance thy will be Deemed Anfwerable 
for all Confequinces Which may Follow from any Neg- 
lect of these orders 

2 article a genoral Courtmafhill is orderd to Set to 
Morrow 10 Oclock A.M. For the Tryall of William 
Pattors* Charged with Leving his post while on Duty 
and a Sentinal David wells and Gidion Cole for for 
Sleeping or Leving there post as Senternals John Scot 
for Infulting the Sentra or attemting to pafs the guard 
to Bolton James Foster for theft when the Wittnefs is 
to attend and the partys Charged are to have Notis this 
Day that they may be prepaired For there Trials 

Article 3 the Genoral moft genorally Recomends 
and Requires of all the officers that they be Exceeding 
Diligant and Strict in Preventing all Invations of Pri- 
vit Property in these Quarters or Elsewhere he hopes 
and Indeed Flatters himfelf that Every Privit Soldier 
will abhorr and Delist [from] Such pratices when he 
Confiders that [it] is for the prefervation of his own 

* Sic, but see July 7, § 10. 



35 

Rights Liberty and Property and them of his Fellow 
Countramen that he is now Called into Service that it is 
unmanly and Sules [sullies] the Dignity of the Great 
Caule in which we are Caled to Ingag in to Violate 
that Property he is Called to protect and Efpeclioly that 
it is moft Cruel and Inconfistant Thus to add to there 
Distrefs of thofe of ther Countraman who are suffering 
under the lorn hand of Opreiion 

Article 4 th the Genoral again Urges a Speedy and 
Jull Return of the Forfes Stores and provifion as De- 
fired in the orders allredy Ifsued and for the Futer thofe 
Returns to Be Made once a week on Saterday morning 
Regularly the Genoral is Much Pleafed with the Expe- 
dition and Care Which Som officers have allredy shune 
in there Obedance to this order 

Articole 5 th 

the Colo n " or Chiefe Commanding Officer of Each 
Regment is to Derict an officer of Each Company to 
Call over the Roles of there Men at 6 oclock oclock 
Every Morning and to Make proper inquire afFter the 
Abfenters 

NBJ William pattors* David Wells Belonging 
To Cap 4 Gridleys Company and to Colo" Gridleys Reg- 
ment Gideon Cole Belonging To Cap 1 Chellers Com- 
pany genoral putnams Regment John Scot Belonging 
to Murays Company Colo 11 Regment James Fofter 

Belonging to Butlers Company Colo" Nixons Regment 

Genoral Orders July 5 th 1775 

Parole Cumberland Countersign Dudley 
A Genarel Courtmarlhel is orderd to Set tomor- 
row Ten Oclock for the Tryal of John Seymore John 

* Sic, but see July 7, § 10. 



36 

Batchler & William Crofton all of Colo" Gridlcys Reg- 
men 1 Charged with Defertion and theft at the same 
Time they are to hear and Determan the Cafe of 
Edward Dudley accufed of theft Notice to Be Given 
to the Prisoners to Day the Clothing Provided by the 
Mafsachufsets Committe of Supplies for thofe of there 
Goverment who Lort there Clothes in the Late Action at 
Bunkers hill To Be Distributed to the Molt Needy and 
Nefsestius men in Each Regment and an account to be 
keept thereof By the Commanding officer of Each Regmt 

Draught Cap 1 Coits Company for a scouting party at 
Leachmears point 

One Subalain 2 Serf l Corper 1 30 Privits 

Genoral Orders July 6 th 1775 

By his Exalency Genoral Washingtown 

Parole Dorchelter Counterfign Exeter 

1 st It is with in Expresable Concern that the gen- 
oral upon his Firft Arrivel in the Army Should find an 
officer Sentanced by a genoral Courtmartiel to be Cafh- 
ierd For Cowardife — A Crime of all others the mod 
Infames in a Soldier the moil Infames to an Army and 
the Laft to be Forgiven in as much as it m[a]y and 
often dos happen that the Cowardife of a single officer 
may prove the Deftrution of the whole Army 

Cambridge Head Quarters July 7 th 1775 

• Genoral orders 

By his Exelancy Genoral Washington Efq r 
Parole Dorchefter Counterfign Exeter 
1 st It is with Inexpresable Confern that the genoral 
upon his first Arrivel in the army should find an officer 



37 

Sentenced By a genoral Courtmartial to be Cashiered 
for Cowardile a Crime of all others the moft Infameus 
in a Soldiar the moft Infamius to an army and the Laft 
to be Forgivin In as much as It may and often Dos 
happen that the Cowardiie of a single officer may prove 
the Destrution of a whole army 

The Genoral therfore though with Great Confern and 
more Efpesaly as the Tranlation happened Before he 
Had Command of the Troops thinks himfelf obliged 
for the Good of the Service to Aprove the Judgment 
of the Courtmartial with Refped to Capt John Calender 
who is hearby Sentanced to be Caftiiered Capt John 
Calender is accordingly Cashiered and dismifsed from 
all Further Service in the Continnenteal army as an 
officer* the Genoral having Made all Due Inquires and 
Matuerly Confidired this matter is Lead to the above 
Determinations not only from the preticular Guilt of 
Cap 1 Calender But the Fatel Confequences of Scuch 
Conduct to the Army and to the Caufe of the f America 
he now therefore moft Erneftly Exorts Officers of all 
Rancks to Shew an Exampel of Bravery and Courage to 
there men Afuring them that Scuch as Due there Duty 
in the Day of Battle as Brave and Good officers Shall 
Be honoured with Every mark of Diftintion and Regard 
there names and Merits made known to the Genoral 
Congreis and all America while on the other hand he 
moft puntuly % De[c]lares that Every officer be his Rank 
what it may Who Shall betray his Countray, Dishonour 
the Army and his Genoral by Bafly keeping back and 

* Capt. Callender's commission was afterwards restored by Washington. 
See Frothingham's " Siege of Boston." 

\ "Army" erased, "the" should be also. 

\ Punctually, = scrupulously ; to be precisely adhered to. 



38 

Shrincking from duty in an Ingagment Shall be held 
up as an Infames Coward and punifhed as Such with 
Utmort Martial Severity and no Connection Intrilt or 
Interfestion in his Behalf will avail to prevent the Strict 
Execution of Juftas 

2 d Cap 1 Scots and Cap 1 Stiles Companys from New 
hamfhire are to be Incorporated or aded to Colo" Ser- 
gants Regment Agreeable to the aplication Made for 
that purporfe 

3 d No officer or soldier posted in the Lines or for the 
Defence of them on profped hill or winter hill or Else 
where are upon any account to Sleep out of there 
Incampment or Leave it at Night the Tropes Raised 
in New hamfhire are perticulerly Required to Attend 
to this order from the perticular Curcomitances of the 
Situation 

4 th No Soldier belonging to thefe polls or Else where 
to be Suffered to Stragell at any Diifance from there Re- 
spective parade on any pertence without Leave from his 
Officer as an Unguarded hour may prove fatel to a whole 
army and to the Noble Caufe in which we are Ingaged 
the Importance of which to Every man of Comman 
Underitanding Muft Infpier Every Good officer and 
Soldier with the Nobelalf. Ardour and Strictteif. attention 
Leall he Should prove the fattel Inftrument of our Ruin 

5 th the Adjutant Genoral is Required to make a 
Retun as Quick as pofable of the Troops in Cambridge 
there Number and the Duty they Due 

6 th 

Complaints having ben made with Refped to the 
Bread as Being Sour and unholfom the Quarter Matter 
Genoral is hearby Derided to Inquire into the Matter 
and Report upon it at the Same time to Inform the 



39 

Backers that if any More Complaints are maide and they 
Shall Shall Be Found Juft they will be moft Severly 
punifhed 

y th The Guards on the Rodes Leading to Bunckers 
hill are orderd not to Suffer any perfbn to pafs them 
unLefs an officer is Sent Down from the Lines to it or 
they will be Severily punifhed 

8 th the Genoral has Great Reafon and is highly 
Displeas d With the Neglenance and Inatention of thofe 
officers who have plafed as Senterys at the outposts 
men with whofe Caricteras they are not accquainted he 
therefore orders that for the Futer no man Shall be 
Apointed to thofe Importent Stations who is not a Native 
of this Contray or has a wif or Family in It to whome 
he is known to Be Attached this is to be Confiderd as a 
standing one and the officers are to Pay Obediance to 
it at there Pearl 

9 th A Complaint of a moft Extraordeary kind hav- 
ing bin Maide to the Genoral that Soldiers Inlifted in 
one Regm* have ben Sedused to Reinlist into others by 
agents inployed for that Purpofe under the Spacetious 
promies of money or Leave of Abfance From the army 
A proceeder Subverfive of all order Disapline and of 
the Very Existance of the army Cannot be Forgivin 
the stricteft orders are therefore Given againft Scuch 
Pratices and the genoral moft Eraneftly Declares that 
if any agant or Soldier Shall hearafter be Found So 
offending he will punifh them with the Utmoft Severaty 

10 th 

A General Court Martial having Set upon William 
Patten* and Reported that no Evedance apeared againft 
him to Soport the Charge the Genoral Defers his 

* Sic, but see July 4, twice. 



40 

Deisition upon the Report untill Further Confederation, 
in the Mean time the Adjutant gen 11 Is orderd to wait 
on Genorl ward by whom the prisoner was Confined 
and Learn from him upon whole Complaint and what 
wittnefs there are to Suport it 

11 th 

A Regmential Courtmartial is orderd to Set to morrow 
at Ten Oclock on Sam 11 Bartlet of the Company Late 
Cap 1 Calanders and Colo" Gridleys Regm 1 Confined for 
Abufive Behavour 

12 th 

A Genoral Court Martial to Set to morrow ten Oclock 
for the Trial thomas Dunly Charged with Steeling Each 
of the above prifoners to have Notice to Day and the 
wittness in Like Manner orderd to Attentd 

13 th . 

In Order that all the Sick & the wounded may be 
Provided for and taken Care of in the Beit way and 
manere posable it is orderd that when any Officer or 
Soldier is So ill Eather by A wound [or] otherwile that 
the Surgan of the Regm* to which he Belongs finds he 
Cannot be properly taken Care of in Such Regm* Such 
Surgan Send him to the Camp hofpitale to which they 
Belong with a Certificate of the mens Name the Com- 
pany And Regment to which he Belongs and in that 
Cafe the Surgan of the hofpittle Shall Rcieve Sa d Sick 
and wounded and in Cale Such hospittle Shall be tow 
full in that Cafe the Surgan of Said hospittle Shall Send 
Such of his patiants as may be Removed with Safty to 
the hospittle at Watertown with the Like Certificat as 
above on which the Surgan of watertown hospittle Is to 
Receve and take Care of him 

Finas 



41 

Head Quarters Cambridge July 8 th . 1775 
Genoral Orders 

Parole Efsex Counter Sign Falkland 

1 st It is orderd that the Main Guard on no account 
Whatvever be without a Drum which is to beat to arms 
on any Alarms and Followed by all the Drums in the 
Camp on which Every officer & Soldier is Imeadiatly to 

Repair to the alarm post 

2 d 

the Commanding officer of each Regm* or Corps in 
Cambridge as soon as there men are paraded after an 
alarm to send an officer to head quarters for Orders 

3 d the Commanding ofteser at Roxbury profpecl 
Winter hill & Sewals point to Send Exprefes in Cafe 
of alarms to Head quarters with an account of there 
Situation & the Movement of the Enamy if they are 
not provided Each with horfes the Adjutant Gen 1 to 
apply to Committee of Supplys 

4 th 

Colo 11 Gridley of the artillery or the Next in Com- 
mand to Give in a Return of his men Stores and 
amunition Agreeable to the orders of the 1 st Infant 
& to Distingufh the post to which his Regm 1 is aligned 
in Cafe of alarms the Same Dere&ion is Given as to a 
Return men amunition & Stores to the Commanding 
officers of the Regment Late Colo 11 Gardiners of Colo 11 
Glovers and Colo" Gerishs who have Omitted Comply- 
ing with the above orders hitherto. 

f 

The Commanding officer at winter prospecl hill And 
Roxbury are to Make perticuler Enquirer into the 
ammunition of the men in thole Lines and if there is 



42 

Any Diffissancy Immediatly to report it to the Genoral 
at head quarters 

6 th A Genoral Courtmartial is Orderd to Set on 
Munday Next at ten oclock for the Trial of Lev 1 Brig- 
ham Charged with Refcuing a prisoner from Lawfull 
Custoday the prifoner to have Notice to Day 

Draught Cap 1 Coits Company 

l Subaltran 2 Serjants l Corparl & 30 privits guard 
Leachmeers point 

Head Quarters Cambrige July 9 th 1775 

Parole Effingham \ Countirfign Watertown 
Officer of the Day Colo" Brigges 

, St 

The Contental Congrefs having Ben pleafed to Apoint 
Haratio Gates Efq r Brigader Genor 1 and Adjutant Gen- 
oral of the Army he is to be obeyed as Scuch and all 
orders tranfmitted Through him from the Commander 
in Cheaif Whether in writing or Verbal are to be 

Imeadiatly and puntuly Complyed with 
2 d 

All Soldiers more then two out of a Company who 
are presant Abfent on Furlow and all officers Non 
Comifsioned officers and Soldiers who have not Joyned 
there Refpe<5tive Corps to be orderd Fourthwith to Camp 
the Commanding officer of the Corps to be anfwerable 
to the Genoral to an Obediance to these orders 

3 d 

The Genoral or in his abfance the Commanding Officer 

at Roxbury to Send a Report Every Day in Writing 

Sealed up to the Commander in Cheaif to head quarters 

in Cambridge of all the Metearals Accomadations of 

the Providing [preceding?] Day Mentioning perticulerly 



43 

all arivels of Ships and Vefsels in the Bay with what 
Changes and Alterations are made in the harbour and in 
the Men of war tranfports and Floting Batter[ie]s &C 

Head Quarters July 10 th 1775 

Parole Fredrick Counterfign Cloucheiter 
the Genoral Court Martiel of which Colo 11 w m prefcot 
was presadent having tryed w m patten of Col n Gridley 
Reg 1 and Found him Guilty of thriting [threatening] 
and abufing a Number of perfons when a prisoner to 
the qur* gurd the Court M 11 . sentance the prisoner to 
Ride the wooden horfe Fifteen minots the Gen 11 aproves 
the sentance and orders it to be put in Execution at the 
head of the Reg fc David welles Soldier in Col n Gridleys 
Reg 1 is by the above Court try d for Sleeping upon his 
post and is Accquited No noncomifioned officer or 
soldier but Such as are Guilty of Capitiel Crimes to be 
Confined in the Main Guard all thofe guilty of Crimes 
tryable By Reg 41 Courtmartiels to be Sent to the quar- 
ter Guard of there Refpe&ive Corps to [be tried] by a 
Reg 1 Court martial the Gen 11 Cort Martial whereof Col n 
prescot is presadint to Set again this Day at the ufall 
hour all Evidance and perfons Concernd to Attend the 
Court whinever a genar 1 Court martiel is orderd it is 
Expe&ed that the Evidance and perfons by Whome 
the prisoners are Confined do pun&uly attend to Suport 
the accufition or they will be anfwerable at there peral 
the Col n of Mafsechufsets Reg ts to order one Subaltern 
from Each Company from thre Refpitv Corps fourthwith 
upon the Recruting Service proper Inftruttons will be 
given by the adjutant genoral 



44 

Head Quarters Cambrigde July 1 1 th 1775 

Parole Guilford Counterfign Hartford 

Officer of the Day to Morrow Col n Glover 

officer of the Main Guard Maj r Wood 

Adjutant of the Day Harday 
Genoral orders 

the Courtmartial of which Colo 11 William Prescott 
was Presadant is Defolved and A genoral Courtmartial 
to be Afembeled at Cambrigde as Soon as posable to 
try Such Parfons as Shall be Brought before them all 
Evedance and persons Concerned to attend the Court 
the Genoral underftanding there is a bad Cuftom Pre- 
vailing in the Non Commifiond officers and Solders 
abfinting themfelfes from Guard under the Pretence 
of Going for provifions it is therefore ordered that all 
officers & Soldiers Bring there provifions to the Guard 
they Mount & on no pretence quit there guards untill 
Regulurly Dismifsed 

. Notwithftanding the orders of the Provential Congrefs 
Some perfons are So Dairing as to Suply the Soldiers 
with Immoderate quantitys of Rum & other Speiratus 
Licquers any Seller tavern keeper or Lifanced Inholder 
who Shall Prefume after the Date of this Order to Sell 
to Any Non Commifioned officer or Soldir Any Spiritus 
Licqures whatever without an order in Writing from 
the Cap 1 of the Company to Which Such Noncomifsiond 
Officer or Soldier Belongs he or they So offending May 
Expect to be Severly punihed 

Lev 1 Col n Ward Presadant of the Court Martial 

Head Quarters Cambrigde July 12 th 1775 

Parole Falmouth Counterfign Worcester 
Officer of the Day to Morrow Colo" prescott 




45 

officer of the Main Guard Maj r Wood 
Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Tyler t 

Genoral Orders 

the Adjutant Genoral will Diliver at orderly times 
a Sertan Number of printed Returns to the Adjutant 
of Each Reg* So that no Excufe Can for the Futer be 
admitted for not making Regular and Exa<5t Returns 
whin Demanded as it [is] only Filling up the Blancks 
with the Number proper to be plafed in them the 
Commander in Chief will not for the Futer admitt of 
any Paliative for [not] making a Full Return and is 
Relolved to Bring any officer of what Ranck Soever to 
a Courtmartial who is Found Delinquent 

When any Trumpeter or Flagg of Truce is Sent from 
Bofton or any port occupied By the Enamy they are 
to be Stoped by the Firft Sentra they are premitted to 
Aproch who is to Call for Serjant of the guard Who 
will Conduct them to the officer of his Guard and Such 
Trumpeter or Flagg of Truce is not to be Allowed to 
Ster one Step Beyoand that Guard the officer Com- 
manding that Guard will Send any Letters or Mefsegs 
Brought from the Enamy Immediatly to the Comander 
In Cheaif and to no Other Parlon 

A Genoral Court Martial of Line to Set at head Quar- 
ters in Cambrigde to morrow morning at 9 oclock Try 
Colo 11 Scammous* of the Mafsechulets forfes Accufed 
of Backwardnefs of his Duty in the Late A6tcion upon 
Bunkers Hill the Adjutant of Colo" Scammous* Reg 4 to 
warn all Evedance & perfons Conferned are to Attend 
the Court Colo 11 Nixon Prefadent of the Aboe Court 

* Scammans, but too carefully made w's to ignore. See Frothingham's 
" Seige of Boston " for the facts in the case. 



4 6 

Head Quarters Cambrigde 13 th July 1775 

Parole Georgia Counteriign Huntington 
as the army will be Fourthwith formd into Brigads 
the Adjutant Genoral will at orderly Times this Day 
Deliver to the adjutant of Each Regm* a number of 
printed Returns one of Which will be Imeadiatly Filld 
up & Signed by the Commanding officer of Each 
Regm 1 and Sent as Soon as poseble to the Adjutant 
gen 1 By the Adjutunt of Each Regm* on the Back of 
the Return it will be Nefsesary [to state] where and in 
what Manner the Regm* is at Prefant posted 

the Commanding officer at Chelfe is as soon as posa- 
ble after the Recept of this order to Deri<5t all the Cattle 
upon pudding point Shirleys Point and the Intermediate 
Space Betwen Powderhorn hill & See to be Driven 
of[f ] and it is Recomended to the Commisary Genoral 
to Endevour to Agree with the Owners of Sa d Cattle 
and to Furnish them for the Ufe of the army 

Head Quarters Cambrigde July 14 th 1775 

Parole Halifax Counterfign Invernefs 
Field Officer of the Day to Morrow Colo n Bridges 
Do officer of the Main guard Maj r Brooks 
Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Fox 
as the health of the army princabilly Depends upon 
Clenlynefs it is Recommended in the Strongeft Manner 
to the Commanding officers of Corps posts and Detach- 
ments to be Strictly Diligently in ordering the Nefsesarys 
to be Filled up once ^ week and new ons Dug the 
Streets of the Encampment and Lines to be Swept Daily 
& all awfull Carrion near the Camp be Imediatly Burid 
the officers Commanding in Barricks or Quarters to be 



47 

anfwerable that they are Swept Every morning and all 
Filth and Durt be Removed from about the houfes next 
to Clenlynefs Nothing is more Condufive to a Soldiers 
health then Drefsing his Vituels in a Deasant and proper 
Maner the officers Commanding Companys Should there- 
fore Duly Infped the Camp Kitchings and see that the 
men Drefs there food in a holfom way 

the Commanding officers in thofe parts of the Lines 
and Redouts where the pikes are plafced will order the 
Quarter Mafters in Courfe to see there pikes Greafsed 
Twife a weak they are to be anfwarable alio to See that 
the pikes are keept Clean and always Ready and fitt for 
Service, the Genoral obferving Great Great Remifsnefs 
and Neglacl in the Several Guards in and About the 
Camps orders the officers Commanding any Guards to 
turn out his Guard Immediatly upon the Near Aproch 
of the Commander in Chief or any of the Genoral Offi- 
cers and upon pafsing the Guards the Commander in 
Chief is to be Receved with Refted arms the officers to 
Selute and the Drums to Beat a march; the Maj r Geno- 
rals with Rested armes the officers to Salute and Drums 
to Beat two RufFels the Brig r Genorals with Refted arms 
the officers to Salute and the Drums to Beat one Ruffell 
there Being Somthing aukard as well as Improper In 
the Genoral officers being Stoped at the out Polls and 
for pafsing By the Sentenals and obiged often to send for 
the officer of the Guard who at Som times Happens as 
much unacquanted with the Person of the Genoral as 
the privit men are While to Prevent Mistakes the 
Genoral officers and there Adecamps be Distingufhed 
in the Following Maner the Commander in Chief by 
Light Blew Ribband a Croft his Breaft Betwen his Coat 
and Waistcoat the Maj r and Brig r Genorals by a pink 



4 8 

Coulard Ribband Wore in the Like Maner the Adecamps 
by a Green Ribband 

A Courtmartial of which Colo 11 ward was prefadant is 
Deiblved Daniel Carmil of Colo" Patterfons Regment 
Tryed for Disobadance orders in Reinlisting and taking 
Advance Money twife over and for Drunkenefs is found 
Guilty of the Several Charges and ordered to Be whipt 
on the Bare Back with 39 Lashes and Discharged from 
the army 

The Genoral approves the Judgment and orders it to 
Be Executed to Morrow morning at the head of the 
Regment he Belongs to 

Head Quarters Cambrigde July 15 th 1775 

Parole Verginia Counterfign Meryland 

The Commanding officer of each Regment to Report 
the Names of Such Men in there Refpe&ive Corps as 
are most Expert in the Managment of Whale Boats 
when any Comminoned or Noncominond officer is Sent 
upon any Datachment or duty of honour or Fetigue or 
to See the Execution of Any Perticuler work he is Soon 
as the Service is preformed to Make a report thereof to 
his Commanding officer 

it Being Found advantageus to the publick Service 
to Remove Sundry horn Cattle and Sheep From the 
Grounds upon which they are grafing near Chelley to 
prevent there falling into the Enemys hands, it is Earn- 
eftey Recomanded to the Several Comifserays to purchafs 
Such of them as are fitt for Slaughter of the owners in 
order that they may Suffer the Leaft Los posable from 
the Unavoidable nefsetity of Removing them from the 
Rapatious Claws of our Enamys 

Colo" Gridley Chiefe Enginniar is Defired to Report 



49 

what Schevaux defrize he Maide and What forwardness 
thofe are in that are now Making it is nefsesary thole 
upon hand be Compleated without Delay notwithstand- 
ing the orders all Ready Given the Genoral hears with 
astonishment that [not] only Soldres But officers Unau- 
therysed are Continuelly Converting with the officers and 
Centinls of the Enamy 

Any officer Noncomiisioned officer or Soldier or 
Any Perfon whatfoever who is Detected holding Any 
Couraipondance or Carring on any Converfation with 
the officers or Centernils of the advancd poft of the 
Enamy will be Immediatly Brought before A Genoral 
Court martial and punished with the Utmoft Severity 

The Genoral alone is to Judge of the propriaty of" 
Any Intercoufe with the Enamy and no one Else is to 
prefume to Interfear 

the Chief Enginnier Colo 11 Gridley to order an Engin- 
nier and a Field officer of arrtillery to Go Round the 
Lines and Redouts to Examin if the Guns are plafed 
properly in the ambrufsears and if the ambrufsiers are 
properly maid and properly Sloaped towards the Country 
the Enginnier and Artilery officer to Report to the Com- 
mander Commander in Chief as Soon as they Have 
Obeyd this order 

Field officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Glover 

Do of the Main Guard to Morrow Maj r Lee 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Hardy 

Head Quarters Cambrigde July 16 th 1775 

Parole, Carolina Counterfign Springfield 
The Continnetal Congrefs having Earnftly Recom- 
ended that thurfday Next the twenth th InP Be obferved 
by the Inhabents of all the Inglish Coloneys upon this 



5o 

Contennent as a day of puplick humilation of Failing 
and Prayer that they may with United hearts and Voice 
unfaindly Confefs there sins Before God and Suplecate 
the all-wife and Merfifull Desposer of Events to avert 
the Defotation and Calamities of an unnatural War 

the Genoral orders that Day to Be Religously obe- 
served by the Forfes under his Command Exactly in 
the Manner Directed By the proclamation of the Con- 
tinnental Congrefs It is therefore Stri&ly Injoyned all 
officers and Soldiers not upon Duty to Attend Devine 
Service at there Accumitomed places of Woshep as 
well in the Lines as the Incampmen[ts] and Quarters 
and it is Expected that all thofe who Go to Woshep 
Do take there armes Amunition and Accurterments and 
are prepared For Immediat Auticon if Called upon if in 
the Judgement of the officers the work Should Appear 
to be in Such Forwardnefs as the Utmoft Security of 
the Camp Requres they will Command there men to 
Abitain from all Labour upon that Solom Day 

It is with Much Suprife and Confern that the Genoral 
in pafsing along the New hampshire Lynes yeriterday 
obferved a molt wanton Mifchieveus and unprofitble 
abufe of property in the Definition of many Valuable 
Trees Which were Standing along the Side of the Road 
out the way of our works or Guns he therefore Orders 
that afFe&ial Stop be put to Such Pratices for the Futer 
or Severe punifhment will Fall upon the tranfgrefsors of 
this order 

William Palfrey Efq r is apointed adecamp to Maj r 
Genoral Lee all orders whether Writen or Verbal Com- 
ing from genoral Lee and Deliverd by Cap 1 palfrey are 
to be puntuly Obeyed 

A perticuler Return to be Deliverd to the Adjutant 



5i 

Genoral to morrow at orderly times of the Regment of 
Artilery Distinguishing how Every man and officer in 
that Corps is at prelant Employed and where polled 

F. Officer of the Day to Morrow Co 1 Prefcott 

officer of the Main Guard Colo 11 Johnnott 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Tylor 

Draught of Cap 1 Coits Company 

One Subaltern 2 Serf 1 Corperal & 30 Privits for 
Leachmeers point to Night 

Head Ouaters Cambrigde 17 th July 1775 

Parole Bofton Counterfign Salam 

there is Refon to apreheand that the Gen 11 orders are 
not Regulerly published to the Non Commifiond officers 
and Soldiers in the army as pleading Igornance of orders 
will not For the Futer Be admitted in Excufe of any 
Delinquece it is once more ordered that the adjutants 
of the Sevirol Corps will be Exa<5t in Seeing the orders 
Read Every Morning & Evning to the men of Duty 
of there Refpective Corps as they may Depend upon 
Anfwering it before a Court Martial for any Neglect of 
obeying this order 

the Geno 1 Court Martial whereof Colo 11 John Nixon 
is Prefadent to Set again to Morrow moring at 8 oclok 
To try Such prisoners as Shall be Brought Before them 
all Evedance and perfons Concernd to attend the Court 
there being a Great Neglecl in Sending in there Returns 
to the adjutant Genoral as Dere&ed in Genoral orders 
Fryday Last Efpesaly from the Regments posted in & 
Near Roxbury y e Genorl Afuers the Commanding officers 
of Corps from whom the Returns are Expe&ed that he 
will not for the Future pafs over the Sliteft Negleci in 
Sending Returns to head quarters at the time Dere&ed 



52 

by the Gen 11 orders if there is any Remifsnefs in the 
Adjutants the Colon 8 will not Du there Duty if they Do 
not Fourthwith Confin the trangreisors 

officer of the Day Col n Roberfon 

of the Main Guard Maj r Woods 

Adjutant of the Day Gibbs 

Head quarters Cambrigde July 18 th 1775 
Genoral orders Camp Before Boston 18 th July 1775 
Parole Wellmngton Counterfign Cherter 
as the Chevaux de Frize is not in Readnefs the offi- 
cers Commanding the DifFernt Lines and Redouts are 
as Soon as posable to provide Suffisant number of gab- 
ions Which are to Lay Emty at the Entirance of there 
Refpetive polls in order to be Filled up as ocation May 
Require Gen 11 putnam will fourthwith ordr his post to 
be Furnished with a Large Number of Fashines the 
officers Commanding the DifFerant ports to Send an 
Exact account to head quarters this afternoon of all 
the Intrenching tooles In there pos[sess]ion Spaids pick 
axes wheel Barros hand Barrows axes and Crow Barrs 
to Mention there Number and Oualety of any of thefe 
Impliments that are Still wanting to Carry on thefe 
works 

6 Capts 12 Subaltarens 12 Serj ts and 300 Rank & File 
to prade to morrow Morning Imeadiatly after Devine 
Service from the Reg ls now Stationed in Cambrigde as a 
working party to afist in Raising the Newhamfhire Lines 
Colo 11 Scammons 

of the Mafsechufsets Bay Forces 

Tryed by the Gen 11 Court Martial of which Col n 
John Nixon was presadant for Disobeden[ce] of orders 
and Backwardnefs in Execution of his Duty the Court 



53 

after Duly Examening the Evidance for and Againft the 
prisoner together with what the prisoner had to Say 
in his Defence are of Opinon that Col n Scamon is not 
guilty of the Crime wherewith he was Accufed and 
therefore Doth Acquit the prisoner Colo 11 Scamon to be 
Immeadiatly Dismist from his Areft 

If after what has happend the Enemy in Revenge 
of there late Lofes Should Dare of Inforiing our Lines 
the army may be Afuered that Nothing but there own 
Indolanc and Remifsnefs Can Give the Leaft hope of 
Sucefs to So Rash an Enterprife it is therefore Strongly 
Recommended to the Commanding officers of Corps 
Guards and Detachments that they be Asidously alart 
in prading there Men at there Several ports half a hour* 
Before Day Break and Remain there untill the Com- 
manding officer thinks proper to Dismifs the 

ye Geno 1 hears with aitonishment the many Frquant 
applications that has Bin mad to him as well By offi- 
cers as Soldiers for Furlow Brave men who are Ingaged 
in the Noble Caufe of Liberty Should Never think of 
Moving from there Camp while the Enamy is in Sight 
and anclious to tak Every advantige any Indisgretion 
on our Side may Give them 

the Geno 1 Douts not But the Commanding officers 
of Corps will antispate his wifties and Discourge thofe 
under them from Disgraiefully Disiring to Go home 
untill the Camphain is Ended 

officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Briges 

officer of the Main Guard Maj r poor 

Adjutant of the Day Fox 

for Fitigue to Morrow l Subaltren 2 Serf 8 & 30 Pri- 
vits of Cap 1 Coits Company 

* " Anour" partly corrected. 



54 

July 19 th 1775 
Camp Before Bofton at Cambrigde 
Parole Darby Counterfign Marbelhead 
Officer of the Day to Morrow Col n Glover 
officer of the Main Guard to Mo. Maj r Brooks 
Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Hardy 

Head quarters Cambrigde 20 th July 1775 
Parole Albany Counterfign Ticonderoga 
Field Officer of the Day to Morrow Colo" Brickit 
Do. officer of the Main Guard to Mor w Mj r Lee 
Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Tylor 

Genoral orders 

Cartain Drums in and Near Cambrigde Very Im- 
properly beat the Revelle this morning Before Day 
although the troops are orderd to be under armes # half 
a hour* before Day Break it Dos not follow that the 
Drums are to Beat at that time the Revalley is to Beat 
when a Sentra Can See Clearly one thousand Yards 
aRound him and not Before 

All Adecamps and Maj rs of Brigads are to keep Reg- 
urlerly Entered in a Book all the Genoral orders of the 
army as well of those asf the Brigade they Belong to 
as the Genoral In Chief will not for the Future admit 
as an Excufe for the Breach of orders the plee of not 
knowing them 

Samuel Ofgood Esq r & Joseph Ward Esq r Being 
appointed adecamps to Maj r genoral ward they are to 
be obey d as Such as all orders Coming from adecamps 
are to be Confidered as the orders of there Refpe&ive 
Genorls whether Writen or Verble & to be Fourthwith 
obeyed 

* " Anour" partly corrected. \ Read " as those of." 



55 

It may be Nefsesery once more to Repeat to the army 
that Every Adecamp & Maj r Brigade Will be Distin- 
guished By a Green Ribband 

Certain Corps having Bin Dilatory in Dilivering Laft 
Saterday there weekly Returns as posatively Dericted in 
Former orders 

the Genoral is Determined for the Future not to 
Excufe any Negle&i in Sending there Returns Every 
Saterday to the adjutant Gen 11 as the Commanding 
officers of Regments are to be anfwerable for the 
Disobedance of this order it is Expected They are 
Exa6t in Obliging there Refpective Adjutants to Fufill 
there Duty 



Regmential orders 

the Court martial that set this Morning for the Tryal 
of Nathaniel Tuftes Reports that the prisoner is Guilty 
of Iniolent Behavour and therefore Sentance him to 
Remain Prisoner untill to morrow Evining at Six oclock 
and then to ask Pardon of the Serjant Major at the head 
of the Company 

the Sentance Confermed 



Head quarters Cambrigde 21 th July 1775 

Parole Maiden Countersign Chelfey 
officer of the Day to Morrow Colo n Johonett 
officer of the Main Guard to Morrow Maj r Woods 
Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Gibbs 
Draught of Cap t Coits Company for Leachm r Point 
1 Serjant & 6 Privats 



56 

Head Quarters Cambrigde 22 d July 1775 

Parole Nantafkat Counterfigne Miffipe 

Field officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Brigg 

officer of the Main Guard to Morrow Col" poor 

Adjutant of the Day to Morrow Fox 

Cap* Ifral putnam and Le 1 Samul Webb Being 
apointed agdcamp to Maj r Ge nl putnam they are to 
be obey as such in Regularty and Du Sobordernation 
it being so Esentially Nesafery to the Good order and 
Goverment of an army and without it the whole mult 
soon becom a sene of Disorder and Confution the 

Gen 11 Finds it Indespeniable Nefsefary without wating 
any Longer for Dispa&hes from the Gen 11 Contennetal 
Congrefs Imediatly to Form the army into three grand 
Devifions and of Deviding Each of thele grand Devif- 
ions in to 2 Brigades he therefore orders that the Fol- 
lowing Regm ts to wit — Genoral Wards Gen 11 Thomas 
Colo 11 Fellows Colo 11 Cottons Colo 11 Danielfons Colo 11 
David Bruers Compofe one Brigade and be under the 
Comand of Brigerder Genoral Thomas 

that Gen 11 Spencers Colo 11 parsons Colo 11 Lernords Col n 
Walkers Colo 11 James Reeds Independants Compofe 
Another Brigade to be Commanded by Brigder Gen 11 
Spencer that thefe two Brigads Compofe the Right wing 
or Devision of the Army and be under the Command 
of Maj r Gen 11 ward and Remain at Roxbury and its 
Southern Dependances 

That Colo 11 Starks Colo 11 poors Colo 11 Reeds New 
hamfhire Colo 11 Nixons Colo 11 Mansfields Colo 11 Dolit- 
tles Mafsefufets be Formed into another Brigade under 
the Command of Brigdr Gen 11 Sulavin and ported on 
winter hill 



57 

that Colo" Varnums Colo" Hitchcocks Colo" Churches 
Rodlfland Colo" Whitconbs Colo 11 Gardiners Colo 11 
Jonathan Bruers Mafscchutes be Formed into another 
Brigade 

and Commanded by Brigader geno 11 Green And ported 
upon profpect hill and thefe two Brigades to Compoie 
the Left wing 

or Second Devifion of the Army under the Command 
of Maj r Gen 11 Lee 

that Gen 11 Heaths Col n pattifons Col n Scamons Colo 11 
Gerishes Colo n Phinnies Colo 11 prefscotts be Formed into 
another Brigade and Commanded By Brigader Gen 11 
Heath and be ported 



that Gen 11 putnams Col n Glovers Col n Fryes Col n 
Brigges Col n Woodbriges Colo" Sergants be Formed 
into Another Brigade under the Command of the Senor 
officer therein and untill the pleafure oi the Conten- 
nentel Congrefs be known thefe to Brigades to Remain 
under the Command of Maj r Gen 11 putnam as alfo a 
Corps Derefere [corps de reserve*?] for the Defence 
of the Several ports North of Roxbury not All Rede 
Named 

the araingment all Redey orderd to take plafe and 
is to be made as speedly as posable the* & the Maj rs 
Gen 11 are to See it Don accordingly Some Inconvin- 
inces may arife to Sertan Indeviduels By this Change 
But as the Good of the Service Requires it to be made, 
an alart and Redy Compliance is Expected all Aplica- 
tions from hencforward by officers or Soldiers for Leve 

* Left uncanceled in making a correction. 



58 

are to be made to the Maj r Gen 11 Commanding Each 
Devifion Who is to Judge of the propriety of the 
application and Grant Furlongs where they See Caule 
Without applying to the Commander in Chief provided 
it be not Contrary to Gen 11 orders 

Gen 11 Lees Regm 4 is to take poft at N° two in Lew of 
Gen 11 Wards Colo" patterfons Remains at N° three 

to Ocpy N° l in the Redout betwen that and N° 2 
Colo" Regm* to take poft at the Redout at sewals 

point Colo 11 Gerishs Regm* to Furnfh the Companys for 
Chelfey Maldin and Medford 

of Cap 1 l Sub. & 6 privits for Lechmeers point to 
Night & l Sub 1 to Vifet Colleg to morrow 

Head Quarters Cambrigde 23 d July 1 775 

Perole Brunfwick Counteriign Prinstown 
as the Continnental army hear Unfburtnatly have no 
Uniforms and Confequentily many Inconvences muft 
arife from not being able always to Distinguili the 
Commifiond officers from the NonCommifion d and 
the NonCommifiond from the Privits it is Defired 
that som Badges of Diftintions May be Immediatly 
provided for Inftance the Field officers may have 
Read or penk Coulerd Cockades in there hatts the 
Capts Yellow or Buff the Subalt ns Green they are to 
Furnifh themfelfs accordingly the Serj ts May Distinguifti 
themfelfs by a Epaulet or Strip of Read Cloth sewed 
upon there Right Shoulder the Copralls one of Green 
the people Imployed to Make Spears are Difired by the 
Gen 11 to Make 4 Dozen of them Immediatly 13 Feet in 
Length and the wood part a gooddeal more Subftantial 
then the other allready made perticulerly in the New 



59 

hamfhire Lines are Rediculoufly Short and slight & Can 
anfwer no sort of purpofe no more are to be made on 
the Same Modle 

The Commanding officers of the DifFerant Works & 
poft are once more Injoyned to furniih themfelfs with a 
Sufficant Number of gabbions & Fafhines which are to 
Stop up the Entrance of the Refpetive Redouts and 
Lines and to Repaire there works which may Either 
be Damiged by the wether or the Enamys Fire it is 
Obferved, that Several of the Entrays of the Redouts 
are still Left open with out any sort of Defence, the 
Commanding officers of Each Redout are therefore 
orderd to Cut a wide Deep Ditch at the Entrance and 
throw on a Strong Ridge of planck acrofs this is to be 
Done without Delay 

John Davis of Cap' Foiters Company in Colo" Grid- 
ley Regm* of Artilery Try d for Defertion & Sufpition of 
Intending to Go over to the Enamy is Accquited by 
the Gen 11 Court Martial 

Enfign Crofton accufed by Colo" Sceammon of 
Abufive & infulting Languge while the Said Col n 
Sceammon was under areft tryed by a gen 11 Court Mar- 
tial of which Colo" Nickfon was Preafadant the Court 
was unanamufly of oppion that the prisoner was not 
Guilty and Do therefore Dismifs him With hounour 
Enfign Crofton is Fourthwith to be Dismifsd from his 
Arreft Michiel Berry in Cap 4 Parkers Comp y and Colo" 
Preicotts Regm* Tryed by the same Gen 11 Court for 
Refusing his Duty & Inlisting in Another Company, 
the Court Condems the Prisoner and orders him to 
Receve 39 Lashes the Gen 11 orders the Sentance to be 
put in Execution at the head of the Regm 1 the Delin- 
quit belongs to 



6o 

Colo" Littles Regm 1 ommitted in yerfterdyes orders is 
in Gen 11 Greens Brigade & to be potted on profped hill 

Head Quarters Cambrigde July 24 th 1775 

Parole Salsbury Counterfign Cumberland 
It being thought proper to Distingufh the Maj rs 
from the Brigadear Gen 11 by som perticuler mark for 
the Future the Maj rs Gen 11 will weare a Broad purpel 
Ribband 

Notwithftanding the Gen lls orders Marking the Dis- 
tinguishing officers Adcamps &C the Geno lls are Freo 
quently stoped by the Centrnels which Can only happen 
by the Cap 4 Neglecting to Read the orders to there 
Refpedive Companys If any Gen 11 officers adecamps 
or Maj rs Brigade is again stoped through the Ignornce 
of the Centernels the Cap ts will be Confidered Refponfble 

as any Atempt of the Enamy From the Late Disapoint- 
ment may have the Rashnefs or hardnels to make an 
atempt it will be Violent and Suden the Gen 11 Expeds 
the officers and soldiers Will be not only Refelute But 
alart to Defeet [it] and in perticuler he Inforfes his orders 
to Every officer upon no Account Duty Excepted to 
Lay out of Camp But upon Every Ocation to shew by 
there Example that Acdivaty and Couarge to Defeat 
the Interprifing Enamy and notwithstanding the orders 
of the 1 1 th Inst Exprefsly Forbiding all officers and 
soldjers from Quiting there Guard before they are 
properly Releafed and Dismifsed, the Gen 11 is Informed 
Such [un]Soldier Like pradices is still Commited he 
therfore orders that officrs & noncommifioned officers 
not to Suffer any perfon to Ouit there guard upon any 
pertence 



6i 

Care to be taken that the men are Suplied with pro 
vinon before they mount the Guard Report being Maid 
this morning to the Gen 11 that the Main guard Room is 
keep* abominable Filthey and Durty that for the Future 
no Commanding officer is to Releve another upon that 
Guard untill he is Afuered that the officers and mens 
apartments are Cleaned & in Deafant order 

the Surgan of Every Regm* in the Lines Redouts or 
in or Near Cambrigde to Diliver to morrow at twelve at 
Noon to the adjutant Gen 11 at head quarters an Exact 
Return of the Sick in the Regm 1 they Belong to the 
Names Ranks and Disorder of Each officer noncom- 
mifioned officer & Soldier to be Mentioned in the 
Return, the Return of the Surgans of the Corps Sta- 
tioned in or Near Roxbury to be Maide to the Com- 
mander Gen 11 at Roxbury tufday noon in the Maner 
and Form Dere&ed by the above order, and the Gen 11 
Commanding at Roxbury will tranfmitt them to head 
Quarters on wenfday at orderly times 

Head Quarters Cambrigde 25 th 1775 

Parole Halefax Counterfign York 
Field officer of the Day to Morrow L l Co 1 Robarson 
For the Main Guard to Morrow Maj r woods 
adjutant of the Dayto Morrow Gibbs 

Genoral orders 
Continuel Complaints being Maide that Soldiers of 
Regm ts and Companys after Inlisting into one Company 
and Regm* have Gon and Inlisted into another Info- 
much that it would Ingrofs the Genorals hole time to 
hear the Disputes on the subject, for the Future any 
officers who have any Dispute with Regard to the men 



62 

Recruted are to aply to the Brigadear Commanding 
there Brigade who will order a Court martial of the 
Brigade to hear and Determin the matter 

the Gen 11 Court Martial of which Col n nixon was 
preafidant is to be Disoleved this Eving — and another 
Gen 11 Court martial of the Lines to Set to morrow 
morning at the Ufal time & plafe to try such prisoners 
as shall be Brought before them all Evedinces and per- 
ions Conferned to attend the Court 

26 th July 1775 Regmential orders 

the orderly Serj ts of Each Company are Commanded 
fourthwith to Make Return of the number of tents in 
the Companys they belong to which are pitched and 
the Number not pitched in the pofestion of any in 
the Companys they Refpe6tively belong to and the 
Ouarter mafter to make Return of all other tents and 
markque in the Regm 4 not in the pofestion of the Com- 
panys 

Roxbury 26th July 1775 Genoral orders 

Field officer of the Day to morrow Colo" perfons 
Genoral Thomas Reg 4 to find a Cap 4 for the Main 
guard 

All Guards and Fetigue men as Ufual 

Detale F C S ' S C P ts 
1 o 4 4 4 153 

Meeting houfe .... her* 3 

Main Guard morgan 5 

Fetigue Lee 6 

Camp G babcock 3 

Ouarter G o 

*Huet. 



63 
Regmential orders 

Som Questions having alredey Risen about warning 
the Commifioned officers noncomifioned officers and 
Soldiers upon any Duty it cannot admit of a Dout but 
that it is the Duty of the adjutant to give Notice per- 
sonablely to the Commifioned officers and the Ser 1 of 
the Refpetive Companys to Notify all other people 
But the officers will all Study to Render the Duty of 
Every ofFcer and Soldiar as Efey as posable with the 
genoral good of the service 

and as the Adjutant from the Multiplicety of his 
Bufinefs may [at] times find it Difucalt to Give Notece 
perfonably tis hoped the Commifioned officers will 
Exept a Notifation from there non comifioned offiers 
when his Buifnefs Shall Render it Difucalt to notify 
them Perfonaly 

that a Regment 1 Courtmartial be held at Cap 1 Gales 
Markque Cap 1 Gale Preafadent Lev* Baldwin Lev 1 huet 
Lev 1 Lee & Enfign Babcock Members Thomas Leeds a 
soldier in Lev 1 Colo" Tylors Company Confined for pro- 
phain Swering the prifoner being brought before the 
Court Denied the Crime Laid to his Charge : Evidance 
being produced againft him it Appeared to the Court 
that the prifoner is Guilty & that he fhall pay a Fine of 
One Shilling 

A Regm 11 Court Martial held at the Prefadants Mark- 
que 25 July 1775 Cap 1 Cleft Presadent Le 1 Darrow 
Le 1 Eldrige Enfign Morgan Lev 1 Latham Enfign Lat- 
imeer Members 

For the Tryal of such prisoners as were Brought 
Before Jofliua Chappel of the 5 th Company Confyned for 
prophane Swering was Brought Before sa d Court on 



6 4 

Examination Plead Guilty it is the opionion of the 
Court Sd Chapel pay the Fine of one Shilling Lawfull 
money as a Fine. Rufas Brown of the 3 d Company 
Confined for prophain Swearing plead Gulty of the 
Crime Laid to his Charge it is of the Opionon of this 
Court that Sa d Brown pay the fine of one Shilling 

Bynarjar Beebe a soldier in the 5 th Company Confined 
of propain Swaring was Brought before S d Court & on 
Examination plead Guilty of the Crime Laid to his 
Charge it is the opinon of S d Court that S d Beebe pay 
the Sum of one Shilling as a fine all Which fines are to 
be Dispofed of Agraeble to the Fifty firft Article of the 
Martial Law 

that a Court Martial hi Id the 19 th July Cap 4 Spicer 
preladant Lev 1 Raymond Lev 4 Edmunds Lev 4 Williams 
Lev 4 Catling Enfign Babcock D° Morgan Members 

Tryed Cumfort Chapell Soldier in Cap 4 Chapmans 
Company Confined for Disobying Orders and Making 
Disturbances in Camp the prisoner being Brought before 
S d Court Plead Gulty of the Latter Charge Alledged 
aganft him and found not guilty of the Former it is the 
opion of this Court that the prisoner pay a fine of 5 
shillings Lawfull money to be Dispofed of according to 
the 51 article of the Martal Law & be Return d to his 
Duty 

Regm 41 Court Martial held July 21 th at Cap 4 Silles 
Marque Cap 4 Sill Lev 4 Waterhoufe Lev 4 Brulter Enfign 
hall Enfign Latimer Enfign Latham Members Try d Dan 11 
McCain a soldier in Cap 4 Gailes Company Confined for 
Intemperate Drinking Spiritus Licquers when on guard 
for Swearing & quariling and is found guilty of the 
Crimes alledged to his Charge Sa d Court are of Opinon 
that the prifoner pay a fine of ten Shillings Lawfull 



65 

Money to be Disposed of Agreeable to the 51 th article 
of the Martial Law & be Returned to his Duty 

Andrew Toaly a soldier in Cap 1 Ely Company tryed 
for being out of Camp Contrary to orders and Breaking 
the windows of a houfe in town Laft Saterday night 
was found Guilty of the Crime Laid to his Charge and 
Sentanced to pay Four Shillings Damige and two Shill- 
ings fine to be Disposed of as the Martial Law Deri&s 
and to Make Confetion to the people Ingured 

Roxbury July 27 th 1775, 

Parole Counterlign 
Genoral orders 

It is orderd that the quartermasters of the Several 
Regments in this Camp that they take proper Care to 
see that y e Spears or pikis in the Breaft works be Oyled 
and keept Clean Agreeable to the orders of the 14th 
Inf 1 which is to be Don twice a week therefore it is 
Nefesary that the quartermasters] Do meet at Adjutant 
Bruers office to morrow at 10 oclock in the morning in 
order to Settle the Rotation and times of Doing the Duty 

alfo all adjutants are to Remmember that Genorall 
Returns muft be Made to morrow Guards & Fetigue 
as Ufual 

Field officer of the Day to Morrow Col n Eager 

Detale 

F C S S C Pts 

o o 4 5 5 170 

Camp g d . . . . . , . En. Le 1 . . . 

Ouarter g d ... 

Fetigue Lev 1 M'grecor ... 6 

Main g d Lev 1 Hyde . . Hallam ...... 4 

Meeting g d . . . . '. 3 

7 



66 

Head Quarters Cambrigde July 26th 1775 

Parole amiterdam Countersign amboye 

It is Recomanded to Commanding officers of Corps, 
that all Covering Made of Boards be Built in Form of 
Barricks ' in the moft advantagous Manner at the same 
time So Contrived as to be warm and Comortable in 
Cold wether 

All Perfons [passes'?] to be Discontinued for the 
Future and no perfon to be admitted into the Lines 
unlefs Intredufsed by an officer who Can avouch for 
him or the order of the Commanding officer of the 
Lines it being Reprefented that the presant hospitle 
is not Larg anof to Contain the sick Lev 1 goven r Olivers 
houfe is to be Cleared for that purpofe & Care to be 
taken that no Injury be Done 

it is notwithstanding y e Strict and Repeeted orders 
given out againft firing small armes it is hourly praticed. 
all officers Commanding poll Guards and Detachments 
to be Alart in aprehending all Future tranfgrefsors. 

Cap 1 Clark of gen 11 putnams Regm 1 Confind in arreit 
for Negle6t of Duty when on guard tryed by a genoral 
Court Martial is acquited and is Immediatly to be 
Relefed from his Arreft Luis wood a soldiar In Cap 1 
Norttons Company Colo 11 prelcotts Regm* Confined for 
Abfenting himfelf without Leave and Refufsing to take 
the oath and threatening to Leave the Army the Court 
Martial upon the Prifbners pleading Guilty and prom- 
ising to be Obediant for the future Recommanded him 
to the Gen lls Merfy who was pleafed to pardon the 
prisoner 



67 
Roxbury after Orders 

that 16 men upon the hundred march to Dorcheiter 
Meeting houfe to morrow morning at the Beating of 
the Revelle to Bring up Whale Boats to Reads Creek 

Cambrigde head quarters July 27 th 1775 

Parole Bedford Countersign Guilford 

John Trumble Esq r Being apointed adeCamp to his 
Exelancy the Commander in Chief he is to be obeyed 
as Such 

A Court of Inquire to set to morrow morning at 8 
oclock in the tuters Chamber M r halis to Examin into 
a complaint Exhibeted upon oath in the publick News 
papers againft M r Benjamin Whiting now a prisoner in 
the Colege all Evedance and perfons Confemed to attend 
the Court 

For the Future when any Dilsertors Com to any of 
the out Guards thy are without the Leaft Delay to be 
Sent with a Corperls Guard to the Next Guard in the 
Lines Who is Emmediatly to Exfort [escort] them in 
the Same Maner to the Maj rs Gen 11 Commanding that 
Divinon of the Army who as Soon as he has Examined 
them will fourthwith Send them under a proper Exsort 
from his Guard to head Quarters Som of the Deferters 
being made Drunk who Came Laft Night from the 
Enamy before they reached head Quarters it will be 
Confiderd as a Breach of order in any perfon who gives 
Rum to a Diferter before they are Examined by the Gen u 

A Subaltern officers Guard to be mount d to morrow 
moring by 8 oclock at a Certan Distance from the Small 
pox hofpittle the officer to Com this Evening at 6 oclock 
to the adjutant Gen n for orders 



68 

Cambrigde Head Quarters 28 July 1775 

Parole Cumberland Counterfign Brookline 
the Surgans of Learnords heaths Phineys Litles & 
Perfons Regm ts having Negle&ed to Deliver in there 
Returns of the Sick in there Refpective Regm ts to the 
Adjutant Gen 11 thofe Returns to be Deliverd in Fourth- 
with and the Surgans of those Regm ts are to be more 
Exa6t in there obeadance to orders 

Detale C S S C Pts 
5 5 S 151 

Main Guard \ TtT < 4 

( Lev 1 Darrow 

Quarter gd .0 

Meeting houle g he 1 Ray d 3 

Fetigue Lev t Edmunds Burnam 6 

Camp guard Enfig n adams .0 

Camp at Roxbury 29 th July 1775 

Gen 11 Ward obferves with Pleafure the alartnefs of 
Troops in this Camp, and would have the stri&est 
attintion pay d to Exelant orders hearetofore Inusted on 
Isued by the hounourable Gen 11 Thomas perticulerly 
the orders in Cafe of an alarm thofe for the prefervation 
of privet property and thofe Refpeting Clenleness in 
there Clole quarters and so forth as it is of the Utmoit 
Importance that we should be always prepaired Eaither 
for a suden attack from or Long Ingagment with the 
Inveterate or Enterpriling Enamys of our Libertys the 
officers Commanding pofts Guards Detachments and 
Corps will Examin the armes amunition and accouter- 
ments of there Refpetive Companys Every munday & 
thurfdays and see that all Defiftionces are Supplyed and 



6g 

Every Soldier be Provided with at leaft thirty Roundes 
of Cartherages If by Ufeing or any other Means the 
armes of the Soldiers Should [bej Renderd Unfitt for 
Emmediate Service the officers will See that they are 
Fourthwith put into the Belt order for autcion 

the Commanding [officers] of Every Regm 1 Corps 
and Detachment will Make out a Compleate Return 
of the names [of] all officers noncomifioned officers 
and privits of there Reipe&ive Command by Wenfday 
Next 

the Commanding officers of the train of artilery will 
make out a Return of all the ordinnance and ordinance 
Stores Belonging to this Incampment 

as oyrters and other Shelld Fifh are Very unholfom 
at this Sealon of the year no Perfon belonging to this 
Army is allowed to be stroling about on Marines or 
other Plafes unnelesaryly Expofing themfelfs to the 
Enamys Fire 

The order of his Exelancy Gen 11 Washington Refpet- 
ing the Greeting or oyling the Spears are to be Strictly 
obey d the Spears allfo to be stuck Perpendiculerly in 
the Ground (Blade upwards) Near the Breait works 

as the Great Caufe of american Liberty is Vauftly 
Important the Gen 11 [trusts] that no officer or Soldier 
will Disire Leve of abfence Exept in Cafe of abfolut 
Nelsesity and then the Commanding officer of the Corps 
or Detachment to which the officer or Soldier Belongs 
Who wants the Furlow will Make aplication To the 
Gen 11 By the Commander of the Brigade to which he 
Belongs 

Two orderly Serjants are to attend at head quarters 

It is orderd that Every Commanding officer of a Com- 
pany Guard or Detachment be puntcul in seeing that 



70 

the Role of his Refpetive Command be Called over at 

Lead twice a Day 

Field officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Danillbn 
Colo 11 Bruer to Find a cap 1 the Main guard to Morrow 
De tales are made out for Main guard to morrow 







Detale 




c 

o 
Mane guard 
Meeting houfe 
Quarter Guard 
Camp Guard 


S 

3 
Doi 


S C privits 
4 4 100 
jglas 3 

• 3 

o 

Melvill 3 


officers for Guard 








Enfign Latham 
Enfign Wade 
Lev 1 Williams 






Main Guard 
Meeting houfe picket 
Camp Guard 



Camp at Roxbury July 28th 1775 

Regmen 11 Courtmartial held agreeable to orders Cap 1 
Coit Presadant Cap 1 Chapman Cleft Sill Spicer Lev ts 
Rositer Eldrige Edmunds 

Thomas Brown of Maj r Prentices Company Colo 11 
Perfons Regm 1 Confined for Disobedance of orders and 
Negled of Duty the prisoner plead not Guilty the 
Evadance being heard it is the oppion of this Court 
that Said Brown is not Guilty and therefore give Judg- 
ment that he be Releafed from the Guard 



7i 

Cambridge Head Quarters 29 th July 1775 

Parole Dartmouth Counterfign Cork 

a serjant and Six men to parade at head quarters at 
Eleven Oclock to Eicort Sertan Prisoners and Diserters 
To Woster this party to be Vitueled for this Day and 
tomorrow the Serjant will Reeve his orders from the 
adjutant 

M r Benjamin Whiting Tryd by a Court of Inquire 
orderd in the Genoral orders of the 27th Inftant whereof 
Lev 1 Colo 11 James Prefcott was Preafadant the Court 
having Maturely Confiderd the Evadance for and 
aganft the prisoner as well as what the Perfon had to 
offer in his Defence are of opinon that the prisoner is 
not Guilty of the Crime Lade to his Charge and Do 
therefore acquit the prifoner the Gen 11 therefore orders 
the prisoner to be Relefed 

James McDaniel Tryed by a Genoral Court Martial 
Whereof Glover was prefadant for Forging an order of 
Gen 11 putnams to obtain a quart of Rum and for abufive 
Languge to Col n Gridley is Found Guilty and orderd to 
Reeve twenty Lashes the Gen 11 Conferms the Sentance 
& orders it to be Eexcuted after pray r to morrow 

James Foster of Cap 1 Butlers Company in Colo 11 
Nixons Regm 1 try d by the Same Gen 11 Court Martial for 
Robing Do tr Foster Surgan of the Gen 11 hospittle being 
Found Guilty of the Charge is Sentanced to Reeve 
thirty Nine Lashes and Suffer one monthes Fatigue 

the Gen 11 approves the Judgment and orders it to be 
put in Execution at the head of the Regm* to morrow 
morning 

William winflow of Cap 1 Perkins Company of artilery 
Try d by the Same Gen 11 Court Martiall for Stealing a 
Canon Cartherdige of powder is acquited 



72 

Camp Roxbury 29 th 1775 

Detale C S S C Privits 

Main guard 120 

3 Eniign plats 

Fetigue 6 Lev 1 Router 

Meeting picq 1 3 Le 1 galop 

Camp guard 4 Lev 1 Collin 

Quarter guard o 

Roxbury July 30 th 1775 

Parole Eiex Counterfign Dublan 
Field officer of the Day to Mor w Colo 11 Coton 
Gen 11 Spencers Regm 1 Finds a Cap 1 Main Guard to 
Morrow 

A Gen 11 Court Martial of the Lines to Set to Morrow 
at ten oclock In the Morning For tryal of such Prisoners 
as shall be Brought Before the Court 

Gen 11 Ward Gen 11 Spencer Gen 11 Thomas & Colo" 
Fellows Regm 1 to send Each of them a Captain Colo" 
Parlbns Colo 11 Cotons Colo 11 Lernods Colo 11 Bruers Colo" 
Reeds Colo 11 Danielfons Colo" walkers Colo 11 Henmans 
to Send Each of them a Subaltran to Meet at such place 
as shall be hearafter apointed and a Return to be Made 
to the adjutant at his office to morrow at twelve oclock 
with the Names of the Members 

Cambrigde orders 

William Tudor Esq r being apointed Judg advocate 
of the Continnintial army he is in all things Relative to 
his office [to be] obey d as such 

The Drumers and Fifers of the Regm ts in and about 
Cambrigde are Conilantly to attend the Drum and Fife 
Maj rs at the Ulual hours of Inftrution 



73 

N. B. — Colo 11 Pitckin is to Be presadant of the above 
Courtmartial 

Roxbury 31 th July 1775 



Detales 


C S 


S 


C P rts 




5 


5 


5 237 


Main Guard . . 


Dote 




3 Lev* Brufter 


Meeting Picquit 


Fargo . 




3 Enfign hall 


Fetigue . . . 


Baldin . 


. 


6 Eng ne Nevins 


Camp Guard 


Perkins 


. 


4 Lev 1 Eldrige 


Ouarter Guard 






oL 


Fetigue to Night 


palmer 




Lev 4 Waterhof 


Roxbury July 31 th 1 


775 




Gen 11 orders 







Parole Falkland Counterfign adington 
Field officer of the Day to Morrow M r Danilfon 
Colo 11 Reeds Regm* To find a Cap* Main guard to 
Morrow 

that all adjutants in the Masechuiets Forses Send a 
Return to adjutant Bruers office this night with An 
acount of the number of Men in there Refpetive 
Regm ts that have not Receved there 40 Shillings 
advance pay 



Genoral wards orders 

That a Gen 11 Court martial be apointed to Set on 
tusday Next at Eiaght oclock in the Morning to be 
held at Gen 1 Spencers for the Tryal of Nathan Dogg 
[Dodge?] Soldier in Cap 4 Wells Company For Defer- 
tion all Evadance and perlons Conlernd are to attend 

8 



74 

the Court Col n pitkin Presadant Cap 1 Jonah Fay Ifral 
Chapin Dan 11 Lathrop Levi Wells & Ruben Davis 
Noah Hall amos Ellis John McGregor Silas Goodrich 
M r Skiner M r Sheppard M r pop[e] Levtanants that 

600 men be paraded this afternoon at 6 oclock 
properly officer d Each man with a Kanteen for Battle 
water as no Man will be allowed to git water in the 
Night the plafe of parade is the orchard Wist of Mr 
Blanys Stores to be Imployed as Col n Putnam Shall 
Derid 

Cambrigde 31 st July 1775 

The Continnential Congrefs having ben Pleafed to 
Apoint Joseph Trumbel Esq r Comifsery Genoral to the 
Army of the Unitid Colonys all Comiferys heartofore 
Apointed by any of the DifFerant Coloneys Congrefs or 
by Perticuler Athoraty Fourthwith to Make an Exad 
Return of the Provifions and all the Different Spaces 
[species] of provinon they have in or Near the Camp 
at Cambrigde and Roxbury thereupon Comifery Gen 1 
Trumbel being afuered by the Report of his Clarkes 
afsistant or his own Examination that Return is Juft & 
tru is to Give a Reset for the Quantity Receved into 
his own hands which Receat will be a Good Voucher 
in pasing the Acounts of the Differant Coloneys Comi- 
sarys heartofore apointed and will be allowed as Such by 
the Comiferys at Preiant apoint d by the Several Coloneys 
[who] are Fourthwith to Make up there Accounts unto 
the 3 d of Auguft inclufive Ready to be Laid Before the 
Commander in Chief and by him Transmitted to the 
Contennetial Congrefs or to be adjuft d and Finily 
Settled by him as the Contennential Congrefs Shall 
see proper to Derid 



75 

A Return Sined by the Commanding officer of the 
Regm* or Corps to be Deliverd to the adjutant Gen 11 to 
Morrow Morning at Gen 11 orders Time of the Names 
Rancks & Dates of the officers Comifions in there 
Respe&ive Regments and Corps Mentioning alfo the 
Vacances and how ocationed 

A Gen 11 Courtmartial to Set Emediatly to Try Cap 1 
Gardiner of Colo" Hitchcocks Regm 1 for Courdife 
Denying his Post and Deferring his Men all Evadance 
and perlons Confernd to attend the Court 

Auguft 1 st 1775 

Regmential orders 
Notwithftanding Former orders For making Return 
of the Number of tents in Each Company in the Reg- 
ment [there are] Great Complaints that more tents are 
in the Company or in the posestion of Idevideals Be- 
longing To the Companys then the Number Returned 
it is therfore orderd that the Commanding officer of 
Each Company Forthwith Mak a Return under his 
own hand of the Number of men in there Respective 
Companys and of the Number of tents in there Re- 
spective Companys or of any Noncomifiond officer or 
soldier in there Company that Equil Juftus may be 
Don to the Companys Respecting the tents 

Complaints being Made of Great Deftru&ion of the 
Frute Belonging to the Inhabetants at Roxbury and 
that Damige has been Don to the owners of the Frute 
Such Personal Ingures have been SufFerd by the pratice 
of Throwing apples about the Camp It is orderd that 
all perfons Belonging to this Regment upon there peril 
Forbear Diftroying the Frute & alio that the aforesaid 
pratice be Immediatly disused 



7 6 

Detales 

C S S C privits 

4 5 5 184 

Main guard Sanders 4 

Meet. Picqut 3 

Camp Guard o 

Q* Guard :'■'-. 2 

Fetigue Night . ....... o 

Cambrigde Head Quarters 1 st auguit 1775 

Parole Gibralter Counterfign Fairfield 

-the Gen 11 thanks Maj r Tuper and the officers and 
Soldiers under his Command for there Gallant & Soldier 
Like Behavour in Possesing themfelfs of the Enamys 
poll at the Light houfe and alio For the Number of 
Prisoners they Took there and Douts not But the Con- 
tinnential army will be as Famos for there Marsy as For 
there Valour 

2 Subaltrans 2 Serf 1 Drum 30 Rank & Fille To 
parade at head quarters by Noon to Efcort the Prifoners 
to Woster the Commanding officer to Reeve his orders 
From the adjutant Gen 11 

For the Satrsfaition of all Conferned the Gen 11 Dere&s 
the Following Refolution of the Legislature of this 
Colony to be Inferted in Genor 1 order (Vz) in the houfe 
of Reprefentatives watertown July 29 th 1775 Whereas 
Sundry Complaints has Bin Made by ^Sundry Soldiers 
Raised by this Colony that they have not Reed, there 
allowance [advance?] pay of Forty Shillings agreeable 
to the Refolution of provential Congrefs that A Com- 
mitte be apointed Fourthwith to Apply to the Colon 
[els] of the Sevarl Regm ts Raised by this Colony and 



77 

to the Mufter and pay Matters in the Cambridge and 
Roxbury and obtain of them A Compleat List of the 
Noncommifiond officers and Soldiers in there Refped- 
ive Regm ts Distingufhing thole that have ben Mufterd 
and pay d From thofe that have not that such Methords 
may Be prefued as to Remove all Juft Grounds of Com- 
plaint and orderd that Colo" Cushing and M r Webiter 
with Such as the honourable Boyday [shall appoint] 
shall Joyn and be a Committe for the purpofe above 
mentioned Sent up for Concurance Read and Concured 

James Warin Speaker attest peris Mortton Secratary 
the officers Commanding the Mafsechufetts Regm ts will 
pay all Du attention to the Foregoing Refblutions 

one man from Every Company in Every Regm* in 
the army to be apointed as Camp coleman to Du Per- 
ticuler Duty it muft be to attend the quarter Mailer 
& quarter Matter Serj ts to Sweep the Streets of there 
Respective Incampments To Fill up the old Nesesery 
houfes & to Dig New ones to Bury all awfull Naufances 
that may poifon and affect the health of the Trops 
and the quarter Matters to be anfwerable to there Com- 
manding officers a strict obfervance of this order by 
perievering in the Conftant well Doing and untramilled 
Execution thereof to Remove that Odious Reputation 
which with But two much Reifon hath Stigmatised the 
Character of American Troops 

the Colo ns and Commanding officers of american 
Troops are to be anfwerable to the Gen 11 For all Du 
obediance to thefe orders 

the Gen 11 Finding it not uncomftomary for officers to 
Take the Liberty of abfenting them Selves from Camp 
without Leave for the Future any officer Found Guilty 
of So Glaring an offence againft all order and Difapline 



78 

& set So bad an Example to the Noncomifiond officers 
and Soldiers under there Command Such officers So 
offending May Depend upon being punished with the 
utmoft Severity 

Leaft the Late Succefs againit the Enamy Should 
Occation any Relaxation in the alartnefs of Troops the 
Gen 11 Reccommends it in the Strongeft maner to all the 
officers & soldiers in the Contennential army to be more 
Vigelant in there Duty and watchfull of the Enamy as 
they will Sertanly take Every advantige of any Supine- 
nefs on our part 

Head Quarters Roxbury auft 1 th 1775 

Feild officer of the Day to Morrow Maj r prentice 
From Connecticut 

Colo n Cottons Regment to send a Cap* to Morrow 
that all the officers that went with Maj r Tuper to the 
Light houfe Ifland Repair to the adjutant Gen lls office 
to morrow morning that all the houfehold Furneture 
and other affe&s belonging to M r Williams Minns 
which was taken from him yerfterday Morning at the 
Light houfe Ifland be Reftored to him again without 
Delay that all Partys that have ben out on any Expe- 
dition that obliged them to Expend any part or the 
Whole of there amunition upon there Return to make 
Emmediat application that they may be Suplyed With 
the Number of Rounds orderd 



Roxbury 2d Auguft 1775 






Detales C S S 


C 


Privits 


044 


4 


151 


Main Guard 




4 



79 

Meeting Picqut 4 

Camp Guard . . . Enfign adams . . 3 

Fetigue 6 

Quarter guard o 

Roxbury Auguft 2 d 1775 

Field officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Sheperd 
Gen 11 Thomas Regm* To Send a Cap* For Man guard 
to Morrow and Main guard the same as this Day orderd 
that the adjutant attend Exa&ly at 4 oclock in the 
afternoon To take Genor 1 orders at which Time the 
orderly Drum will Beat on the Grand Parade and no 
Excufe to be taken for nonAtendance no second Read- 
ing of orders 

Cambrige Head quarters auguft 2 d 1775 

Parole Halifax Countersign Geneve 

Cap 1 oliver parker of Colo 11 prefcotts Regm 1 Tryed 
By a Gen 11 Court Martial whereof Colo 11 Glover was 
Preasadant for Defrauding his Men of there advance 
pay and by Falf Returns Imposing upon the Comifary 
and for Drawing More Money then he had men in his 
Company and for Selling provifions he by that Means 
'obtained he is By the Court Found Guilty of the Whole 
Charge Laid againft him and Sentanced to be Cashiered 
and Mulcted of all his pay and Renderd Incaperable of 
all Service, Cap* Criftopher Gardiner of Colo" Vernams 
Regm ts in the Rode Iiland Brigade Tryd. By a geno 1 
Court Martial whereof Colo 11 Church was prefadant for 
Diserting his post is Found Guilty of his Crime Laid 
to his Charge and Unamoufly Sentanced to be Cashired 
as Incaperable of the Service of his Countray in any 



8o 

Millatary Capasaty the Genor 1 approves of Both Sen- 
tances and orders the Commanding officers of the Regm 1 
to See the prisoners Dismifed from the army 

July* 3d 1775 

Detaile C S S C Privits 

0444 151 

Main guard 5 

Meeting picqut 3 

Fetigue 6 

Camp guard o 

Ouarter guard 2 

Roxbury auguft 3 d 1775 

Field officer of the day to Morrow Maj r Mitchell of 
Colo" Walkers Regm* Colo" Learnods Regm* to Send a 
Cap* for Main guard to Morrow 

That there be a meeting of all the Surgans in Rox- 
bury Camp at the Hospitle to Morrow at 3 oclock in 
the after Noon 

Head quarters Cambridge Auguft 3 d 1775 

Parole Irland Counterfign Hartford 

When any plunder is Taken from the Enamy not 
Excepted by the Continnential articles of war Such 
plunder muft be all Surendered to the Commanding 
officer and as soon as Convenant after his arivel at head 
quarters publick Notes muft be Maide that an autiton 
may be held in the Front of the Incampment for the 
sale thereof Next Day at Noon and the Money arifing 
therefrom is to be Equilly Devided Betwen the officers 

* Sic, but obviously a slip for August. 



8i 

& men that Took it this order is not to be Conitrud to 
Extend to premitting unlawfull and Ereguler Plunder- 
ing as any officer or soldier Who Shall be Found Guilty 
thereof will be punished with the Greateit Severaty 

All amores [armorers'?] Belonging to any of the 
Regments in the Brigade posted in the Lines or in 
Cambrigde and thole Imployed in the artilery to attend 
at headquarters by 8 oclock to Morrow Morning and 
noon [no one] will be Intitled to any pay hearafter who 
Dos not attend at that Time 

Roxbury Augult 4 th 1775 

Details CSSC Privits 

4 5 5 151 

Lev 1 galop . . Camp Guard . Hill Lathrop o 
Lev 1 Rositer . . Fetigue . . Read Spicer 6 
Enfign Wade . Main guard . hascoll gates 5 
Enfign Latham . Metting picquit Douglals Bill 1 
Quarter guard Wait Burnam o 

Genoral orders 

Field officer of the Day to Morrow Maj r Jacobs 
Colo 11 Danilfons Regrm To Find a Cap 1 for Main guard 
Morrow 

Fetigue Party & Main guard as Ufual Colo 11 Coton 
Colo 11 Bruers Colo" DaniHbns to Send no Fetigue to 
Morrow after orders from Geno 11 wards that 300 men 
be Paraded this Night at the work houi'e at 6 oclock & 
300 men on the Grand Parade at the Same Time for a 
Covering Party with Sufficent officers the Fatigue Men 
to Draw there allowance of Rum Before Night and Each 
man have his Cantine Full of water that Colo 11 Baily 
9 



82 

Command the Covering party & a Field officer from 
Conne&icut Command the Fetigue Party Colo 11 Walkers 
Rg mt To Send 40 men For Each party the other Regm ts 
to Send the Same Number as orderd the Night before 
Last 

For Fetigue To Night Cap 1 gale Lev* Eldrige Enfign 
Nevens 

Cambrigde Head quarters 4 th Auguit 1775 

Parole London Counteriign Iceland 

it with Indignation and Shame the Gen 11 obferves that 
notwithstanding the Repeated orders which have Ben 
Given to pervent the Firing of guns in and about the 
Camp that it is Daily and hourly Pratised 

That Contrary to all orders Stragling Soldiers Do 
steal past the Guards and Fire at a distance Where there 
is not the Leaft polabilty of hurting the Enamy and 
Where there is no other End anfwerd but to waift there 
amunition and Expose themfelfs to the Redicule of the 
Enamy and keep there own Camp harifed by Frecquent 
& Continuel alarms to the hurt and Deterement of 
Every Good Soldier who is thereby Disturbed of his 
Natural Rest and at Length will Never be able to Dis- 
tingufh Between the Real and the Falf alarmes for that 
Refon the Gen 11 Forbids in the moft perremtory maner 
any Perfon or Persons whatfoever under any Pertence 
to Pale the out Guards unlefs autherised by the Com- 
manding officer of that part of the Lines Signafyed in 
Riting which muft be Shewed to the officers of the 
Guard in there Posts any Person Offending in this 
Perticuler will be Considered 'in no other Light then a 
Common Enamy and the guards will have orders To 
fire on them as Such 



83 

the Commanding officer of Every Regm 1 is to Derid 
that Every man in his Regm 1 is Made accquanted with 
thefe orders to the End that no one may plead Ignor- 
ance and that all may be apriid with the Consiquences 
of Disobediance the Colo" of Regm ts and the Com- 
manding officers of Cores to order the Role of Each 
Company to be Called twice a Day and Every mans 
Amunition to Examined at Evening Role Calling and 
Such as are Found Difficant are to be Confined the 
Guards are to Aprehend all Perfons Near there Posts 
whether towns people or Soldiers 



Roxbury 5 th 


Auguit 1775 








Datails 


C S 


S 


C 


privits 




4 


4 


4 


151 


Meeting picq 1 


Dorince . 






2 


Main guard . 


. Fargo 






3 


Fetigue 










Camp guard . . 


. Dote 









Quarter guard 








2 


Fetigue Night 








7 


officers For Fetigi 


Lie this Night Cap 1 Chapman 





Roxbury 28 th July 1775 after Orders 

A Regmential Court Martial held agreeable to orders 
in the Camps at Roxbury Cap 1 Coit Prefadent 

Cap 1 Chapman ^ 

^ t p, |- Members ( Lev 1 Roseter 

r, t c? • of Said -i Lev 1 Eldrige 

Cap Spicer . to 

^ t c-jj Court Martial V. Lev 1 Edmunds 



8 4 

W m Wourthington Gale A Serjant in Cap t Gales 
Company Colo" Parions Regm 1 Confined by Cap 1 Ely 
For Tradusing and most Scandeloufly afperfing the 
Chare&or of Cap* Ely, the Prisoner pled that he was 
not Guilty, upon Examination of the Evadences it 
apears to this Court that he is Guilty, and therefore 
Give Judgment that Said Serjant at the Head of the 
Regment be Reduled to the Ranks, then in the 4 
moft publick Plafes in the Regm 1 make a publick 
acknowldgement to Cap 1 Ely for the Grofe abufe put 
on his Chari&er and Beg Cap 1 Elys Forgivennefs in 
Default or Negle<5t of Such" acknowligmt to be Pub- 
lickly Whipped at the Publick Post 39 Strips on his 
Naked Back then be Discharged by Being Drumd 
Without ye Lines of the Camp Carid in a horfe Cart as 
a Parfon of so Maliscous a Dispostion as unworthy the 
Name of a Soldier in the Preafant Glorious Caufe in 
which we are Ingaged 



Roxbury 3 d auguit 1775 after orders 

A Regmential Court Martial held at Cap 1 Sills Markee 
Cap 1 Sill Preafadant 

T t 171 a • 1 Members f Enfin Wade 

Lev r Eldrige . _ . 

T t n Voi S a < Ennne Latimer 

Lev r Darrow . 

J Court Martial I Enngn Nevens x 

For the Tryal of Such Prisoners as were to be Brought 
Befor them Dan 11 Button Soldier in Maj r prentice Comp y 
Confined for Prophain Swearing being Brought Before 
S d Court on Examination of Evedanices was Found 
Guilty of the Crime Laid to his Charge it is the opioneon 



85 

of this Court that the Prisoner pay a Fine of l Shilling 
according to Law martial 

Roxbury auguit 5 th 1775 

Feild officer of the Day to Morrow Maj r Tuper 

Colo" Holms Regment To Send a Cap 1 for Main 
guard to Morrow 

that the Main guard to Morrow & Picquit this Night 
be as Ufual that Colo 11 Reed Sind a Cap 1 & Colo 11 a 
Subaltran For picquit this Night To Go to Colo 11 Bruers 
alarm post 

that all Adjutants Make a Duty Return to adjutant 
Bruer to morrow 

that the officer of the Day when he Goes the Round 
by Day be Strid [in not] Exhibeting any Information 
to any guard at what Time of the Night he Intends to 
Go the Rounds and S d officer is strictly Injoyned to Viset 
Every Guard in the Incampment 

The Commanding officer of Each Regment is to order 
a quarter Guard for the Regm 1 and all offenders [in] 
Crimes that are [tried] By a Regmential Court Martial 
to be Confined to the Quarter Guard of the Regm 1 he 
Belongs Tow and the Commanding officer is to apoint 
a Regmential Court Martial to try such as may be Con- 
fined there the adjutant Gen 11 is To Furnish as many 
Fetigue men as Lev 1 Colo" Putnam as may at [any] 
Time Judge Nesesary & Such a pat [party] to Cover 
the Same as the Colo" Shall think Recquset for the[ir] 
Safty the Main Guard is To Confist of 200 privit Men 

Genoral Wards orders 
That the officer of the Day and the Picquit of 300 
Privits With the Full Compliment of officers for Each 



86 



& Each Guard is always to have a Field officer all Com- 
manding officers wheather of the Main or the Q* Guard 
to mak a Return of Guards in the Following Maner 



Prisoners 

Names 


For what 
Confind 


By whom 
Confined 


What 
Company 
Belong to 


What 
Regm' 


No. 

Nights 

Confined 


Centernls 
by Day 


Centerls 

by 
Night 



The Commanding officer of Guards are to Make 
there Returns to the Commder of there Refpedive 
Regm ts Colo 11 Fellows is to Remove his Regmerit to 
Dorchefter The 7 th Inf 1 and take O ts in the Barrick 
now occupyed By Colo 11 Walkers Regm* Colo" Walk- 
ers Regment Excepting the Company at Squantom 
to Remove to Roxbury on munday Next and Incamp 
in there tents & Barricks now Occupyed By Colo" 
Fellows Regm* 

The Genoral hears with Sorrow 

that the many Wholfom orders which have Bin Ifued 
Refpeding Privit property are often tranfgrefsed None 
may Exped any Lenaty for the Future that are Found 
Guilty of the Breach of the above Said orders and 
Efpefaly thofe that Rob the Corn Fields as the Safty of 
the Camp in a great mefure Depends upon the Strid 
Obfervince of the order Before the Dawn of the Day 
it Gives the Gen 11 pain to hear that Som of the officers 
are Negledfull of there Duty and Confequently there 
Min [are so] for the Future the Gen 1 Expeds Implifet 
obediance Will be paide to the order or orders that have 
Ben Ifued For the above Purpofe and Such as are 
Found Guilty may not Flatter themfelfs that they will 
Receve any Lenaty 



87 

Head Quarters Cambridge Auguit 5 th 1775 

Parole Weftminfter Counterfign Richmond 

For the Establishmet of order and to Prevent Dis- 
putes Between officers as well as Fixing a Reguler & 
proper Distrubution of* the Commifions of the Conten- 
nential Army Part of which are alredy arrived from the 
Congress and the Rett hourly Expeded it is Orderd that 
a meeting of the Field officers of Each Brigade be held 
to morrow Morning at ten oclock as Near as may be to 
the Center of the Incampment of Each Brigade who 
Are to Chofe by Ballad one out of there Body to Rep- 
refent them in Forming a Court for the Adjuftment and 
Final Settelment of Firil the Rank of the Regm ts of the 
Continnentill army & Numbering Each Regment accord- 
ingly and all DifFerance and Distintions are now to be 
Laide aside the Regm ts of the Several Provances that 
Form the Contential Army are to be Confiderd no 
Longer in a Seperate and Distinct point of View But 
as Parts of the whole Army of the United Provinces 

Secondly the Rank of the Field officers of all the 
Regm ts Forming the Continnential army 

3 d ly The Rank of all Cap ts Subaltrans & Staff officers 
and as Douts may Arife which Cannot be Determand 
by the 6 Field officers So Choien By Ballad they are 
hearby Derided to Chofe By Ballad one Brigadear Gen- 
oral Who will Perfide as a moderater of the Court for 
Finaly Settling the Rank of all the Cores and all the 
Commifioned officers that Compofe the army of the 
United Coloneys this Court being Duly Conftetuted 
and apointed one to Set on munday morning Next 
at Decon Jones' in Cambrigde 



Details C S 


S 


C Privits 


4 


4 


4 151 


Meeting picqut Lev 1 Eldrig 




3 


Main guard Enfign Wade 




Freeman 5 


quarter guard Enfign adams 







Fatigue Lev 1 Darrow 




6 


gen 11 guard 




2 



Roxbury 6 th Auguft 1775 

Field officer of the Day to Morrow Colo 11 Bruer 
Colo 11 [ w ?] Regm t to Send a Cap 1 for Main Guard to 

Morrow 

that Each Regm 1 Send three men to augment the 

Main Guard to Morrow in the Lew of Colo" Fellows 

& Colo 11 walkers that are to Remove 

No Fetigue this Night Fetigue as Ufual 

that the men as has Been heartofore orderd for the 

Picquit parade at Sun set on the Grand Parade 

Cambrigde Head Quarters Aug 1 6 th 1775 

Parole Manchester Counterfine Lancefter 

Regmtial orders 
att a Regmtial Court Martail held at the Preasadants 
Tent 

Lev 1 Darrow Presadant 

T t r , ~\ Members f Enfign Wade 

i.ev ^alup Babcock 

Lev 1 Huet . . J 6 _ 

J Court Martial I Enfign Latham 

Thomas Freeman in Colo 11 Parfbns Company Con 
fined on Sufpifion of Being Confederate with James 
Coleverfon of Cap 1 Parkers Company in Colo" Daniel- 
fons Regm 1 for Felonisly taking or Stealing a Shurt out 



8 9 

of the houie Thomas Shed Was Brought Before S d 
Court was Examined with the Evadances is Found not 
Guilty of the Crime Lade to his Charge it is the opinon 
of the Court that Sa d Freeman Should be Releafed from 
his Confinement 

Daniel McCan Soldier in Cap fc gales Company Con- 
find for Swearing & Striking was Brought' Before Sa d 
Court on Examination of the prisoner and hearing the 
Evadance it is the opinion of this Court that the pris- 
oner is Guilty of the Crimes Laid to his Charge & For 
Swearing to pay a Fine of one Shilling according to 
the Law Martial & For Striking and other unjustyfi- 
able Infults to alexander keeney & others to Reeve 
ten Stripes on his Naked Body 

William Worthing[ton] Gale of Cap 1 Gales Com- 
pany Confind by Adjutant Day for Belying him in a 
most Scandelouf &" abufive maner, & For shamfuly 
afperfing his Chari&er in Righting thofe Scandelous 
Letters Dete&ed by Cap 1 Ely was Brought Before Sai d 
Court and on Examination & hearing of the Evadances 
is found Guilty of the Crime Lade to his Charge it is 
the opinion of this Court that the Said Wm gale Make 
a Publick Confefion to adjutant Day at the head of the 
Regm 1 & then be Discharged from the Service and Ren- 
dered Unworthy to Serve as a Soldier in So Glorious a 
Caufe as the United Colonys are now Engaged in and 
If S d Gale Should Refufe to make his Confefsion as 
above to Said Day he is to be Drumed out of Camp 2 
Miles from the Regment & there Let go wheare he 
Pleafes Provided he Return not Camp 

Chrstopher Darrow Preasad* 



9 o 

Roxbury 7 th Auguft 1775 

Field officer of the Day To Morrow Colo 11 Ward 
Gen 11 Spencers Regment to Find a Cap 1 to Morrow 
for Main guard 

That the quarter Matters of the Several Regm ts In- 
campt at Roxbury Make a Diligant Search through 
there Refpe&ive Regments and Cole6t all the Tooles 
which Belong to the Coloneys Service and Return 
them Imediatly To adjutant Bruer after which Every 
quartermafter To Draw Such Tooles as Shall be Nefse- 
sary for the Ufe of the Regment and give his Recept 
For them So that it may be known where the Tooles 
are as they are often wanted on an Emergancy 

Detales C S S C Pts 

0455 144 

Enfign Plat, quarter guard Raym d o 

Le* William Fetigue Ely 5 

gen 11 guard Billings o 

Lev 1 Ray d Main guard Willims 5 

Enfign Lath m Meeting Picquit Hallam o 



9i 
[Inside back cover] 

The pitifion of Thomas Draper of Cap 1 Whitings 
Com y 

To his Exelancy Gen 11 putnam 

S r I Beg the Favour of a Detachment of 43 Men as 
an advanc party to Go to alitons point in order to take 
Som torys there to Bring them up in the Rear and Go 
in at the South End of Bolton and then Blow Up the 
Magaline I want orders Whether to Give Quarters to 
the kings troops or not 

l 77S 



93 
WASHINGTON'S COMMISSION TO Capt. COIT 

FOR NAVAL SERVICE. 

Instructions to Cap* Coit, Commander of the armed 
Schooner Harrison. 

1. You being already appointed a Captain in the 
Army of the United Colonies of North America, are 
hereby directed to take the Command of a Detachment 
of said Army and proceed on board the armed Schooner 
Harrison, lately fitted out & equipped with Arms, Am- 
munition & Provisions at the Continental expence. 

2. You are to proceed as Commander of said schooner 
immediately on a cruise against such Vessels as may be 
found on the High Seas or elsewhere, bound inward or 
outward to or from Boston, in the Service of the Minis- 
terial Army, & to take & seize all such Vessels laden 
with Soldiers, Arms, Ammunition or Provisions for or 
from said Army, or which you shall have good Reasons 
to suspe6t are in such service. 

3. If you should be so Succefsful as to take any of 
said Vefsels, you are immediately to send them to the 
nearest and safest Port to this Camp under a Careful 
Prize Master, directing him to notify me by Express 
immediately of such Capture with all Particulars, & 
there to wait my farther Direction. 

4. You are to be very particular and diligent in 
your Search after all Letters or other Papers tending to 
discover the Designs of the Enemy or of any other 
Kind, and to forward all such to me as soon as pofsible. 

5. Whatever Prisoners you may take you are to 
treat with Kindness & Humanity as far as is consistent 
with your own Safety, their private stock of Money & 



94 



Apparel to be given them after being duly searched, & 
when they arrive at any Port you are to apply to the 
Committee or to any officer of the Continental Army 
Stationed at such Port for a Guard to bring them up to 
Head Quarters. 

6. For your own Encouragement & that of the other 
Officers & Men to Activity & Courage in the Service 
over and above your Pay in the Continental Army, you 
shall be entitled to one third Part of the Cargo of every 
Vefsel by you taken & sent into Port (military & naval 
Stores only excepted, which with the Vefsels & Apparel 
are reserved for the Public Service) which said third 
Part is to be divided among the Officers & Men in the 
following Proportions. 

Captain 6 shares 

1 st Lieutenant 

2 nd Lieutenant 

Surgeon 

Ship's Master 

Steward 

Mate . 

Gunner 

Boatswain 

Gunner's Mate & Serjents 

Privates 

7. You are particularly charged to avoid any En- 
gagement with any Vefsel of the Enemy, tho' you may 
be equal in strength or may [have] some small advan- 
tage; the Design of this Enterprise being to intercept 
the supplies of the Enemy, which will be defeated by 
your running into unnecefsary Engagements. In this 
your own Discretion & Prudence must Govern. 



5 


ditto 


4 


ditto 


4 


ditto 


3 


ditto 


2 


ditto 


li 


ditto 


li 


ditto 


li 


ditto 


1* 


ditto 


1 


ditto each 



95 

8. As there may be other vessels employed in the 
same service with yourself, you are to fix upon proper 
signals, & your stations being Settled so as to take the 
greatest Range, avoid cruizing on the same grounds. If 
you should happen to take prizes in sight of each other, 
the Rules which take Place among private Ships of 
War are to be observed in the Distribution of the Prize 
Money. 

9. In Case of retaking the Vefsel of any Friend to 
the American Cause, I will recommend it to such Person 
to make a suitable Compensation to those who have 
done such a service, but such vefsels and cargoes do not 
come within the Directions respecting other Vefsels. 

10. You are to be extremely careful and frugal of 
your Ammunition, by no means to waste it on Salutes 
or for any Purpose but what is absolutely necefsary. 

G. WASHINGTON. 

Head Quarters, 

Octob. 22, 1775. 



Note. — The two following journals are by much more illiterate 
men than the preceding order-book ; it is therefore not thought 
advisable in general to reproduce the spelling, except of proper names 
— which, as change sometimes involves guesswork that may be wrong, 
are uniformly left untouched — and wholly shapeless stumbles at 
words. Nothing but spelling, capitalization, and punftuation, how- 
ever, has been changed in the least. As samples of the original, 
and for philological suggestiveness, a few specimens are subjoined : — 

Morgan's Diary. 

July 14.] "A coat marfel Cap. Spiror Markee." 
Aug. 16.] " I fot out for Home the Son abought a Nower hi at 
Night." 

[Aug. 30.] "Thea was Captain walles failed to long pint 
In Stoingtown with his Shep and fore tenders and Begund to fire 
upon the town and fired a moil all Day and twas Judg it the ar 
was a bought fix hundred guns fired at the town kild No body. . . . 
And one of tham was loded with fuger and malafes and thea fa it be 
long to providence and our men fired upon tham when thea waf 
citen the vefels and killed fom of tham. . . . And walles came cros 
him and chas him up to the pint and he but jest efkaep." 

[Sept. 16.] " Last Nigh Raglor came out of Bofton and thea fired 
upon us tew Bum and fix Cannin and thea fired one cannin from our 
loer forte." 

[Sept. 18.] "This Day thea fierd 52 cannon and Booms upon our 
men tew work upon the Nack wheare thea was biling brest works." 

[Sept. 19.] " Thea fiered 12 canen . . . and thea com cloas to us." 

[Sept. 20.] " It reand very Heard in the fornoon and thea was 
very ftil this Day." 

[Sept. 21.] " Thes Day thea fired 16 or 18 cannon and Bums 
and one of the bums fel In to the fort." 

Sept. 25.] "It twas very ftil times and I took hors." 

Oct. 4.] " Our regment was free from Deuty becos wee musted." 

'Oct. 6.] " Elish Cagefton Head Dis Charg. . . . Thea was fired 
all In a Nower. One of the presnor was . . . find for fheuten his 
gun of wille . . . and the ourther was one polle drom mager." 

[Oct. 8.] "Thea was a raglor com out of bofton and he fes thea 
was a Nother reglar fot out to fwim out from boston common and the 
other one fwim fo Neer the floot In Battre thea fe him and thea kich 
him." 

[Oct. 9.] "I fe one of the rif rif man wip 39 ftrips and was 
Drumd out of the camps 55 Drumburs and 60 fifers." 

[Oct. 10.] "And It twas very ftil times and It twas fub fpoues 
at general jage fot out for Home." 

[Oct. u.J "At Night 9 a Clock It Begune to rane and thunder 
and a merkelbel ftorm of thounder and ran It twas." 

[Nov. 4.] "Thea was a raglor or tew our fentre fpide tham and 
thea heald them and thea Did Not Anfo." 
13 



9 8 

[Nov. 6.1 "One Plats . . . found gilte of Choken and Cusen." 
[Nov. 7.] " The reglors went ... to Cet fum Cattel but thea 

Cot Defeated." 

" Carrowed " [carried], and " shogers " [soldiers], invariably ; " a 

hailing up ther bots." 

Lyman's Diary. 

[Aug. 20.] "We got redy for to go to meting and the offercis 
Came and Said that we must not go to meting without britchis and it 
was so hot that I cold not bare to ware them." 

[Aug. 22.] "And they Rais a 170 Men and they martched to 
Rope Ferey and when they got theire the Man of War had Gawn 
of and then the armey came Back to New London." 

[Sept. 6.] " We played bawl all day jest about Sunset we heard 
8 or 10 great guns tords Rodilan." 

[Nov. 1.] "There was some of our ridgment that went arter 
apples to the loer gard." 

Nov. 4.] "And he would sware and dam us all." 
Nov. 9.] " There was a larram and we turuned out and the 
world seemed to be fool of men and the cannans roring on both sids 
. . . and the cannon balls would whissle through the are and we cold 
see them strike in the water and make it fly as hy as the housen." 

[Nov. 22.] "I went to the flagatruse gard and the regalars fird 
severar times at our gards." 

[Nov. 28, 29.] "I went on forteague and helped carry 4 fasheans 
about half a mild." 

[Dec. 1.] "We was ordered to parade before the ginirals dore 

the hole ridgment and Jiniral Lee and Jini[ ] Solivan came out." 

Dec. 2.] " Our gard toock 4 of there horses and the morter peas." 

Dec. 10.] "We was ordred to parrade before the ginirals dore 

and we was counted of and and dismifsed and we we[ ] to the 

luten and he gave us a dram." 

[Dec. 23.] "I went and run some bolits and agred to work 2 
months for Luke Camp and at Night I inted for the ich and had a 
fine rasl ov [ ] it." 

"Rich" or "Ceched," " tound," "mild" [mile], " brakefast," 
invariably ; " tuck " [took], " purteague," etc. 

[Paper A.] "It is hoped and expefted that as you vallow the 
sacred right and Liberties of your Contry you will shew a propper 
contempt and indignation towards those disaffected miscreats who are 

at this Chrises deserting hur caws Our army will the very day 

of there desartion be stronger than ever but the spirit and virtu of 
the mager part sarv to render" etc. 

"Thus much may surfise for Jiniral Lee." 

[Rations.] " Bread or flower With 3 points of bear pr day and 
also malases a point of rice or a point of indian meal . . . also one 
Jill of rum p r man p r day upon phiteague onely . . . milk malases 
candles sope vinegar coffy Chacolate Shugar Tobacco and onion in 
their Season and vegitables ... at the Dicretion of the general and 
feald offercis." 



JOURNAL 

of 

ENSIGN NA THAN I EL MORGAN 
April 21 to Dec. n, 1775 

ITEMS OF THE SIEGE OF BOSTON FROM THE 
ROXBURY SIDE 



IOI 



April the 21, 1775- Then I listed and went to Bos- 
ton the first alarm, and returned the [ ] of the same, 
and listed the 7 day of May into the Colony's service 
for 7 months. 

June the 5 th day. Then we sot out for Newlondon 
and returned the 20 th day June. Sot out and marched 
for Boston the 22 day of the same, and arrived there 
25th day of June, which was Sunday, and pitched our 
tents the same day and received 250 guns or more, 
tho it did no damage except burnt one house and our 
people fired 2 guns and one of them killed 4 men in 
the spot. 

Main guard one. 

June the 30 day. This day there was a man drummed 
out of camp [for] saying the general was a damned tory. 

June the 31. This day there was another man whipt 
20 stripes for desertion from Captain Mot's company as 
he was marching to his station. The man's name that 
was punished was Thomas Clark. 

July the 4 day, 1775. General Washington who is 
Chief of Connecticut forces arrived here this day. Gen- 
eral Nathaniel Spencer who is second general he belongs 
to East Harford [Haddam]. 

And upon guard to Brokline. 

July the 6. This day there was a man sentenced to 
be whipped 39 lashes, which is executed, for desertion 
from Capt. Gale's company. 

July the 6 day. Josiah Kory was groggy this day and 
put under guard, but made a confession and came out 
[on] paying a fine of 6 shillings. 

July the 8. This day there was one man drowned at 
Cambridge as he went in to wash himself and could not 
swim and drowned immediately. Last night our people 



102 

went to set the guard house on fire where the regulars 
encamped and was insulted [assaulted] by the regulars. 
Very warm for some time before break of day but pros- 
ecuted our design without receiving any damage at all. 
This day Bennony Robins was put under guard for 
talking saucy [" Safy "] to our Capt. and was released 
on his confession [of] his fault. This day there came a 
messenger out of Boston to have some relieve for the 
poor. 

July the 9. There is happened this day our Coll. 
called for all the sergeants in the regiment, and gave 
orders that every man turn out to divine service or have 
his name returned to the Coll. 

July the 10. This day there was four men listed out 
of every company in the regiment to go on an expedi- 
tion] for some whale boats to Waymouth, which they 
found on shore in a grove of timber hid from the regu- 
lars, which our people carried to shore and went to an 
island named Long Island, and there they took 19 pris- 
oners and about 7 oxen and 8 cows and one horse and 
4 hogs and a great quantity of housel [household] stuff. 
Capt. Cleft was the 2 d in command that went. They got 
upwards of 40 boats and returned the 12 th day without 
receiving any damage. 

Brookline guard. 

July the 13. This day our people took down the bell 
from the meeting house and took out the glass and pews 
for fear of having them burnt. 

July the 13. This day there was 2 men called for 
out of a company to go and intrench against George's 
tavern, and there was another company went down to 
fire on the regulars at the same time and did so, and 
the regulars returned the fire [with] but 2 cannon and 



103 

killed one man — he was from Suffield — and hurt no 
man more. 

July the 14. There was 5 men went to Dochester for 
the rest of the whale boats and I went with them. 

And I was a member of a court martial [at] Capt. 
Spiror['s] \jk~\ marquee. 

July the 18. This day the drums beat to arms about 
12 clock, and went to our alarm post where we are to be 
in the day of battle. 

July the 20. This day we went to our alarm post 
at 2 clock in the morning. This day our people burnt 
the light house. This day there was a man drowned at 
Brookline. 

July the 21. This day at 5 o'clock there was a man 
shot through the left side and died soon. It was done 
through an accident. His name was Stephen Burden 
of Mendham in this province. 

July the 24. This day there was 14 sail of regulars 
went out somewhere, but where I can't tell yet. 

July the 25. This day the regiments waited upon 
General Ward into town. There was a court martial 
held at Capt. Cleft's markee. I was a member. The 
men was tried for swearing and fined one shilling 
apiece. 

July the 26 day. Yesterday the regulars fired 2 can- 
non from their breastwork, but did no damage. 

July the 27 day, 1775. A rainy day. I was upon 
the main guard and there was a ragers [regular] did 
run away last night from the regular comtous [sic] 
which inform us that there is 6000 men in Boston. 

July the 30. This day there was 4 men called out a 
company for some private expedition. The men that 



104 

went was Thomas Kegwin, Bennony Robins, Beniamin 
Irish, Samuel Thompson. Capt. Cleft went 2[d] com- 
mander and they expect to be gone 3 days. 

July the 31. This day the men came back from the 
private expedition all safe but one man that was shot. 
Our men took and killed 52 prisoners* and plundered ] 
the house and then sot it on fire and burnt it with several 
more buildings but was insulted [assaulted ] warmly for 
some time and sot a man of war's tender on fire and 
barges. 

Willoam Gale was confined and was tried with a court 
martial f and was found guilty [ of] defaming the adju- 
tant much. Sentenced to make a confession at the head 
of the regiment, then to be discharged from the army 
the 7 day of August. 

August the 1 day, 1775. This day the floating bat- 
tery sot out and come up against the breastwork, and 
she fired upon the breastwork and our men returned the 
fires upon them several times and she returned back, did 
no damage, and then our men fired from the fort 3 times 
24 pound, and the first they fired went into the town 
and the next went to where they was intrenched and the 
next went into their barrack, and they fired one and 
stopped, and they have fired a great deal upon one 
another at Camebridge. 

August the 2 day. I was upon teage [ fatigue], and 
the 6 day I was upon the main guard and very still 
time now. 

August the 8 day. This day we hear there is 10 
men of war or transports came into Newlondon the 6 
day. 

*That is, killed and captured 52 men. 
f See ante, pp. 84, 89. 



i©5 

* August the 4 day at night Timothy Sha and Jeorg 
Poller deserted. 

Roxbury, August the 10 day, 1775, at night I was 
upon the meeting house picket, the 1 1 day I was took 
sick, and the 16 day I sot out for home, the sun about 
an hour high at night, and I got home the 18 day at 
night. 

[The entries of the siege from his departure to his return are written 
in a different hand and with much less illiteracy.] 

Roxbury, August 15, 1775. Col. Duglas came into 
Roxbury the 12 instant. Daniel Hopkins went home 
this day. 

August the 18. The regulars fired several times, they 
have not killed nor wounded any this day. As the 
main guard was relieving the regulars shot four times 
and wounded one of the riflemen. Yesterday William 
Hopkins went to the hospital. 

August the 28. Phinehas Stewart got a furlough 
and went home. The regulars has been firing at Cam- 
bridge yesterday and this day and killed two men and 
that is all. 

Timothy Shay and George Poller was punished for 
desertion, to go three weeks on fatigue and the[n] 
restored to their duty. 

[The following entry is written on the inside of the cover leaf, in his 
own hand and style.] 

August the 30 day, A.D. 1775. There was Captain 
Walles sailed to Long Pint in Stoingtown with his 
ship and four tenders, and begun to fire in the morn- 

* Dates so transposed in the journal, one of several indications that the 
entries were not all made on their date, but jotted down from memory at con- 
siderable intervals. 

14 



io6 

ing upon the town, and fired amost all day, and twas 
judged that there was about six hundred guns fired at 
the town. Killed nobody, but wounded one man in 
his neck and damaged the houses some, and the tenders 
come up most to the wharf and took three or four ves- 
sel, and one of them was loaded with sugar and molasses, 
and they say it belong to Providence, and our men fired 
upon them when they was sighting the vessels and 
killed some of them. And the day before Capt. Eathen 
Clark was going to Blocks Island and a hundred men 
with him, and Walles came across him and chased him 
up to the point and he but just escaped. 

[In the new hand.] 

September 11, 1775. This day our people took five 
prisoners from the regulars. Informs that the regulars 
will be called home soon. The way that these regulars 
came away was one of them sot out to run away and 
he took a canoe and intended to land on Dochester, 
and when the enemy discovered the man going away 
there was four men and a sergeant took a boat and 
went after the man, and the wind and tide being with 
them so strong that they could not go back and so 
became an easy prey to our people, and now they are 
confined. 

[His own hand resumed.] 

September the 1 1 day I sot out for Boston and arrived 
there the 12 day. 

September the 15 day, A.D. 1775. Last night there 
was a regular come out of Boston. 

September the 16 day. Last night regular came 
out of Boston and they fired upon us two bomb 
and six cannon, and they fired one cannon from our 
lower fort. 



107 

September the 17, A.D. 1775. The regulars fired 2 
bombs and six cannon, did no damage, and we gave 
them 8 or 10 and killed one regular and wound[ed] five 
more. 

September the 18. This day they fired 52 cannon 
and bombs upon our men to work upon the Neck where 
they was building breastworks. 

September the 19 day. I was upon works and they 
fired 12 cannon upon us and they come close to us. 

September the 20 day. And it rained very hard in 
the forenoon and they was very still this day. 

September the 21 day, A.D. 1775. This day they 
fired 16 or 18 cannon and bombs, and one of the bombs 
fell into the fort but did no damage. 

September the 22 day, A.D. This day they 

fired from all parts but fired nothing but powder. 

September the 23 day, A.D. The regulars fired 

one hundred and eight cannon in the forenoon upon 
Roxbury and upon the fort and did no damage and our 
people gave them 8 cannon. 

September the 25 day, A.D. 1775. I was upon the 
main guard, and it was very still times, and I took 
[hoarse *?]. 

September the 29 day. At night there was two regu- 
lars come out to Roxbury. 

September the 30 day. I was upon main guard 
and the regulars fired 39 cannon upon us but did 
no damage. 

October the 2 day, A.D. 1775. The regulars fired 
upon our men when they was going down upon picket 
6 guns, but did no damage. 

October the 4. Our regiment was free from duty be- 
cause we mustered by muster master general. 



io8 

October the 6. Elish Cageston had discharge, and 
the regulars fired ninety odd of cannon upon Roxbury 
and shot one man arm off and three cows, and they was 
fired all in an hour. And the same day I was upon reg- 
iment court martial. One of the prisoners was Peter 
Bourn was fined for shooting his gun off wild two shil- 
lings and six pence, and the other was one Polle drum 
major and he was brought before the court and he was 
found guilty of burning powder and making a stir in 
the camps and was fined five shillings. 

October the 7 day. At night there was a regular 
come out of Boston. 

October the 8 day. At night there was a regular 
come out of Boston, and he says there was another 
regular sot out to swim out from Boston Common and 
the other one swim so near the floating battery they see 
him and they catch him. 

The 9 day I see one of the rif[le]men whipped 39 
stripes and was drummed out of the camps, 55 drum- 
mers and 60 fifers. 

October the 10 day, A.D. 1775. I was upon main 
guard and it was very still times, and it was supposed 
that General Gage sot out for home. 

October the 1 1 day. At night 9 o'clock it begun to 
rain and thunder, and a remarkable storm of thunder 
and rain it was. 

October the 16 day, A.D. 1775. I was upon the 
main guard and it was very still times. 

October the 17 day, A.D. 1775. At night they 
come from Cambridge with their floating battery, and 
they fired upon the common, and they split their 
cannon and it killed two men and wound[ed] 6 more 
our men. 



109 

October the 21 day, A.D. 1775. I went upon main 
guard and it was a rainy day and it was very still times. 
The night before there was a regular come out of 
Boston. 

October the 26 day, A.D. 1775. I was upon fatigue. 

October the 30 day, A.D. 1775. At night I was upon 
picket. 

November the 4 day, A.D. 1775. At night I was 
upon picket, and there was a regular or two, our sentry 
spied them and they hailed them and they did not 
answer, and they fired upon them and we fired 12 or 14 
guns at them. 

November the 5 day. The regulars did fire from all 
their ships, for it was powder plot day. 

November the 6 day, A.D. 1775. I was upon a regi- 
mental court martial upon one Plats belonging] to 
Capt. Ely's company, was brought before us and found 
guilty of choking and cursing, and was fined one shil- 
ling and for choking he was to confess to the man that 
he choked. 

November 9 day. The regulars went on Figment 
Pint to get some cattle, but they got defeated and went 
back, and they wounded three or four our men and took 
one of the riflemen. 

November the 11 day. At night I was up[on] 
picket. 

November the 15 day, 1775. At night there was 
three reg[ulars] come out from Boston. 

November the 16 day, 1775. At night I was upon 
picket. 

November the 23 day, A.D. 1775. I was upon duty 
tearing down barns. 



no 

December the 2 day. I was upon main guard. 

December the 10 day. I was upon main guard. 

December the 1 1 day. I sot out for home about 2 
o'clock, and I got to Mands and the next night we got 
to Lev. Edmon. 



JOURNAL 

of 

SIMEON LYMAN OF SHARON 
Aug. 10 to Dec. 28, 1775 



H3 

August 11 th . We staid at Litchfield till about 4 
o'clock, there we had a sermon preached to us by Mr. 
Bellowmy which I think I never heard outdone by 
anybody in my life for liberty. He preached from 
Matthew 12 th . Then we marched to Philops about 8 
miles into Torrington, there we kept guard all night. 

August 12 th . The next morning we came to the 
tavern about 6 mile, there we went to breakfa[st]. Then 
we went to Farmingtound about 12 miles, there we staid 
all night at Landlord Porter's. 

Sunday morning, 13 th . We marched [?] to Hartford 
about 1 2 miles to [torn] Colwell, there we heard [a] ser- 
mon in the afternoon. Then we went into the boat 
about 4 o'clock and we went to Rockyhill about 6 
mile, there we staid that night. 

14 th . The next morning we went to Middletown, 
there we had a breakfast, then we went to Had Lime 
and staid that night. 

15 th . The next morning we set off and we sailed 
down to the lower end of Lime, then we went to shore 
and set off afoot and marched down to New Lonnen 
at the upper end of the town. 

16. And the next morning we marched into the 
town about 5 miles, then we was stationed there. 

17. [In] the forenoon we walked [round] the 
town, and in the afternoon we was called to arms and 
was marched up to the meeting house, and there was 
about 200 weight of tea brought and put in the middle 
of the road, and there was tar barrels and shavings and 
wood put on and then fire was put to it and consumed. 
There was about 400 soldiers under arms marched 
round 4 square, and there was a vast number of peo- 
ple and spectators around, some on housen and some on 

15 



114 

the walk of the meeting house, with a French horn and 
drums and fifes. They marched around the fire, and 
there [ were] two that was with the tea that was blacked 
that came with the tea that was a running round on 
their heads, and so they continued till it was consumed, 
and then they gin a whoraw and came home. 

August 18 th . In the forenoon I went to work to pay 
for my washing, and in the afternoon we marched about 
2 mile and exercised a while, and then we marched into 
the town. 

19. We washed our clothes in the forenoon, and in 
the afternoon we marched out and exercised a while and 
came in, then there was 12 of us that was called out to 
guard the town. 

20. Sunday morning we got ready for to go to meet- 
ing, and the officers came ancj said that we must not go 
to meeting without breeches, and it was so hot that I 
could not bear to wear them, and I did not go meeting 
in the forenoon. I went to see a crazy man and there 
was a man that he knew him, and he got mad, and I 
think I never saw such a sight in my life. He was 
chained and he would spring at us and hallo at us. 
There was one stout man that said that he never saw a 
man that he was afraid of before. In the afternoon I 
went to meeting. 

21. In the morning we marched out about 3 quar- 
ters of a mile, then we fixed our guns, and in the after- 
noon we marched out about a mile and exercised, and 
just before night we discovered a ship, and they sailed 
around the lighthouse, and about 12 o'clock there came 
a post that they were agoing to land, and there was no 
small stir among the people, and we had not drawed our 
powder, and our orders was that all that had powder and 



us 

ball should fix out, and the companies got together 
about 186, and our captain was head, and the insign 
was with him, and Sergeant Porter and a corporal and 
4 soldiers, that was all that could fix out, and they 
marched about sunrise 22, and about 8 o'clock they 
came in. The ship went off 4 about daylight. In the 
afternoon we went off a sailing. 

[Detached entry later on: — And they raised a 170 
men and they marched to Rope Ferey, and when they 
got there the man of war had gone off", and then the 
army came back to New London. This was the 22 
day of August.] 

23. The next day there was about 20 of us went 
aboard a sloop and went to Fisher's Island about 12 m. 

24. We walked about and we went aboard of the 
old Spanish ship that was cast away. It was 8 rod long 
and four decks, and there was rooms as fine as any in 
the housen all papered off. 

25. In the morning we marched out before breakfast 
and we heard three great guns off on the Sound, and at 
night we heard 3 more, and we heard that they was chas- 
ing a brig. 

26. In the morning we marched out and exercised, 
and the rest part of the day we was a drawing our powder 
and ball. 

Sunday, 27. In the forenoon I staid at home, and in 
the afternoon I went to church, and about noon there 
came a sloop in the harbor that was loaded with 12 
swivels and 500 French guns, all loaded with 25 hundred 
of powder and ball. 

28. We marched out in the morning and exercised, 
and in the afternoon we marched out again and exercised 
again. 



n6 

29. In the forenoon it rained, in the afternoon we 
exercised. 

30. In the morning it rained, and we heard about 
220 great guns fired at Stonningtound, and about noon 
there was a post came that they was a firing at the town 
and that we must be ready at a minute's warning, and 
they got ready to march, and about 2 o'clock we had 
orders that half of the companies must go, and they 
marched round in a single file and counted off 30 men 
and went off. 

31. In the morning they fired some cannon and went 
out to sea and come in sight of us. There came a post 
to us that they had not hurt but 3 of our men and 
had gone off. They did not hurt the town much. The 
people was a moving all day as fast as possible out of 
New Londen. 

September 1 th , A.D. 1775. In the forenoon there was 
four of us that went down to the lighthouse with our 
spyglass to see the ship, and we looked off and we see 
the Rose man of war and 3 sloops that they took from 
Stoningtound with 2 tenders. They all lay at anchor, 
and about 3 o'clock Mr. Shaw had a sloop that sot sail, 
and when they came in reach of the ship they fired a 
gun and hailed them, and one of the tenders came and 
fetched them in to the ship, and they all hoisted sail 
and came in plain sight of the town, and we was all 
ordered to get all our things together as quick as we 
could by the mayor, and we got them all in a heap, and 
the ship went round the island and it was so late that 
[it] could not go off, and we carried our packs in Our 
old store. 

2 day. The company came into town about 8 o'clock, 
and about 9 o'clock we heard that the ship was returned 



ii7 

and all of us that did not go before must go, and about 
12 o'clock we marched off, and about sunset we arrived 
to Stonington. We went to the tavern and staid that 
night. 

Sunday morning the 3. In the forenoon it rained, and 
in the afternoon I looked round the housen to see the 
damage they did the town. They fired 12 into the 
housen. Some went through 3 housen and some not 
one, they lodged in the housen. They went through a 
case of drawers and into a pillow where the man had 
just got off. 

4. In the forenoon we marched to another house and 
fixed it to live in. [In] the afternoon we looked round 
the town and got some apples. 

5. In the forenoon we played ball, and in the after- 
noon we looked around the town. 

Wednesday the 6. We played ball all day. Just 
about sunset we heard 8 or ten great guns towards 
Rodilan. 

Thursday the 7. I come upon guard and stood 3 
times. 

Friday the 8. In the forenoon I digged in a well and 
got 8 pence, and in the afternoon there came two com- 
panies to town and we had orders to come out of town 
to go to Lime, and some of us came by water and the 
rest by land, and those that came by water was as sea 
sick as ever I see men in my life. I was sick with the 
rest. We had a very good wind, and we went round 
Fishis Island about 40 miles, and we arrived at New- 
londen about 9 o'clock at night to our old tent to our 
great joy with the rest of our soldiers. 

A Saturday the 9. In the forenoon I washed my 
clothes and in the afternoon we had orders to march to 



n8 

Lime, and we put all our things in our packs and put 
them aboard of a sloop, and about 3 o'clock we 
marched off about 4 miles and stayed at the tavern. 

Sunday, 10 th . We marched about 3 miles over the 
rouefery [sic; rope ferry] and got breakfast, then we 
marched about 4 miles to Governor Grisel's, and the 
captain and lieutenant came ashore and we stayed there 
that night. About 12 oclock our packs came ashore 
with the rest of our men. The next morning we got 
our packs. 

Monday, 1 1 th . I went to cutting stork [stalks] and I 
cut all day. 

12 th iday, Tuesday. In the morning we exercised, 
and in the afternoon the other company moved off and 
we moved in the house they was in and carried our 
packs. 

Wednesday, 13 th . I was upon guard, and I stood 3 
times. 

Thursday, 14 th . I wrote letters all the forenoon, and 
in the afternoon I played goold [goal] and got beat. 

Friday, 15 th . In the forenoon we exercised, and in 
the afternoon we went up town to see a company train 
and get apples and cider, and the people was very kind 
to us. 

Saturday, 16 th . I was upon guard, and it rained all 
night and our house leaked and we got wet through. I 
stood 3 times, 2 hours a time. In the afternoon we 
heard 10 great guns off to the west on the Sound. 

Sunday, 17 th . I went to meeting, and when we came 
home we had orders to go to Boston immediately. 

Monday, 18 th . We was a getting ready to move. 
We put up all our things ready to start off. 

Tuesday, 19 th . We carried our packs down to the 



ii9 

water to put them aboard, and about half of the soldiers 
went by water and the rest by land, and we sat off and 
got amost there, and it began to rain and we got some 
wet. We got to Newlondon about 4 o'clock, and we 
staid to our old habitation that night. 

Wednesday, 20 th . We looked round the town, and 
about 8 o'clock at night our sloop came ashore with the 
rest of our soldiers. 

Thursday, 21 th . In the morning we moved our packs 
in another sloop to go to Norrage, and about 10 o'clock 
we marched off by land and we got to Norrage Landain 
about 4 o'clock. There we staid that night. 

Friday, 22 th . We got our breakfast and set off and 
marched 8 miles, and it rained, and we staid at Captain 
Bornam that night. I see a clock that would play 
tunes with 10 hammers, and a loom that they wove 
stockings. 

Saturday, 23 th . In the morning we got some victuals, 
and marched 7 miles into Plainfield and eat again, then 
to Vollingtound about 12 miles to Citiate and got 
supper. 

Sunday, 24 th . Morning, we got our breakfast and 
marched 8 miles to Covingtry, then we marched 6 miles 
and staid that night. There was 2 companies staid 
there that night and got supper, and Monday 25 th 
the next morning we marched [to] Jonston, then to 
Providence, and we marched through in order 2 miles. 
The streets was paved and housen as thick as they 
could well stand, and many things to see. Then to 
Pawtucket and then to Attlebury, there we staid that 
night. 

Tuesday, 26 th . I was on guard, and we marched to 
Rentham, then to Wallpole, then to Dedham, there we 
staid that night. 



120 



Wednesday, 27 th . We marched into Rocksbury 
about noon and we staid in the town that night. 

Thursday, 28 th . I looked round the town and found 
my old mates, and we moved our packs about half a 
mile and fixed for our tents and staid that night. 

Friday, 29 th . In the forenoon we went round the 
town, and in the afternoon we putted up our tents 
and marched through Cambridg to Charlstound, there 
we was stationed. We put up our tents. 

Saturday, 30 th . In the morning I went to Ploud Hill, 
and the regulars was exercised their cannon on Bunker's 
Hill, and they began to fire in the town and they fired 
at Roxbury 24 cannon and our men fired many. They 
never hurt one man of ourn, and I looked round the 
forts and I never see such work. There was a fort 
or a breastwork on every hill, and all sorts of work 
a going on. 

October 1 th , Sunday. Night, the captain came to all 
of our tents and said that he would have us keep to our 
tents and not run about, and they did. 

Monday, 2 th . I looked round the forts and went to 
the lower guard within about 60 rods of the regulars, 
and I see them a hauling up their boats. 

Tuesday, 3 th . I rubbed up my gun and looked round 
the forts. 

Wednesday, 4 th . W[e g]ot some boards to fix our 
tents, and it rained and we did not do it. 

Thursday, 5 th . It rained, and I wrote a letter home 
and staid round house. 

Friday, 6 th . I was not well, I went to the doctor and 
he said that I must eat light food, and in the morning 
our men fired 2 cannon from Roxbury at the regulars, 
and they fired 80, and one of the balls struck one of our 



121 

men and took his arm off, and killed 3 cows besides with 
some of the other balls. 

Saterday, 7 th . I was better and went down to the 
forts and looked round, and in the afternoon there was a 
man that was whipped 39 lashes and then drummed out 
of the camp with 16 drums and 8 fifes. At night I 
went to stay at a house to stay a few days. 

Sunday, 8 th . It rained in the forenoon, in the after- 
noon it was fine. 

Monday, 9 th . I wrote 2 letters and sent them by G. 
Pomp illy. 

Tuesday, 10 th . I was very well, and came and lay in 
my tent. 

Wednesday, 1 1 th . The priest came, and at night he 
went to prayer with us, and at night it thundered and 
lightened and rained. 

Thursday, 12 th . I went to carry victuals to some of 
our men, and I went to the lower guard, and I see the 
regulars a digging a trench across the neck to make an 
island of Bunker Hill. 

Friday, 13 th . I went to Cambridge to get some wal- 
nuts and see the College. 

Saturday, 14 th . I went to carry victuals to the guard 
and viewing the forts and the regulars. 

Sunday, 15 th . Our minister preached 2 sermons. 
He preached from Dutrinomy 23 th and 9 th verse in the 
forenoon and afternoon, and he preached 2 very good 
sermons to the soldiers how it was best for us to do and 
what not to do. 

Monday, 16 th . We built a chimney to our tent and 
mended our old trousers. 

Tuesday, 17 th . I went to tend mason to build chim- 
neys to the barracks, and I listed to tend till the chim- 
16 



122 



neys was done, and I was to be cleared from all duty 
and have a gill of rum a day. 

Wesdnesday, 18 th . I went to Mistick and got a horn 
and some apples. I sent a hand to work at the chim- 
neys, and there was some that went to the head of the 
works and said that we would not stay only a day or 2, 
so we was dismissed. 

Thursday, 19 th . It rained, and I worked at my horn 
the most of the day. 

Friday, 20 th . It rained, and I finished my horn and 
went up to Mistick and got some apples. 

Saturday, 21 th . I was on the flag of truce guard and 
it rained all day till just night, then I came on guard 
and I stood three times 2 hours at a time. I went to 
the orchard and got apples that was within about 60 
rods of the regulars, and we backed about a boshes [sic, 
plain]. We could hear the organs and bells in the 
town of Boston a Sunday [sic] night. 

Sunday, 22 th . There came a ship in and they fired 
about 30 cannon to salute her. About 9 o'clock we 
was relieved and we came home, and then I went to 
meeting in the forenoon and afternoon, and the minister 
preached from the 2 of Thessalonians the 2 chapter and 
16 verse in the forenoon and afternoon, and he preached 
very well. 

Monday, 23 th . I went on fatigue, and I did about 
one hour's work and I got about half a pint of rum. • 

Tuesday, 24 th . It rained in the forenoon, and in the 
afternoon they drawed a great great gun up the bank 
from the floating battery. 

Wednes[day], 25 th . In the morning I went to 
Mistick to draw provision for the company. In the 
afternoon our men fired their cannon that they drawed 



1*3 

up 3 times, the first time it fell short and struck in 
the water and the other went on Bunker Hill. The 
regulars fired the same day about 30 cannon, clear 
powder to clear them. 

Thursday, 26 th . We got wood for our tents and 
wrote some letters. 

Friday, 27 th . I was on pick[et] guard, and in the 
morning there was one of the soldiers that took a gun, 
and not knowing it was loaded he snapped it, and it 
went off and went through 5 tents, and, there was men 
in them all, and it went within a few inches of 2 or 
three men and never hurt one man. The man was put 
under guard. There was a man that was buried that 
died with the camp distemper. He belonged to our 
regiment. 

Saturday, 28 th . I came off [?] guard about 9 o'clock, 
and it began to rain and it was a very cold rain. It 
rained all day, and at night it cleared off. 

Sunday, 29 th . I was on the main guard, and about 
eleven o'clock the meeting began, and there was but 
one meting, and he preached from 2 th of Chronicles 
20 th chapter and 20 th verse. The minister preached 
very well. 

Monday, 30 th . I came off guard and went out about 
4 miles to Mistick and got some apples. 

Tuesday, 31 th . I sot out with some of our soldiers 
to see Lexington, and we had not got far before we saw 
the biggest sight that ever I saw in my life. I see a 
man that had his body almost covered with lice, and I 
heard that he died before night, and they said that the 
lice killed him. And I went to the town of Nottimy,* 
then to Lexington about 10 miles, and I see the housen 

* Menotomy, now Arlington. 



124 

where the regulars rummaged and broke the windows 
and burnt some, and I see 5 mortar pieces to fling 
bombs, I never see any before, they was about 3 foot 
long and ten inches across, and we got some apples 
and came home by night. 

November 1 th , Wednes[day]. I came on main "guard 
about noon. I received 4 letters from home. It seemed 
as if I had got at home when I had read them and heard 
that they was all well. There was some of our regi- 
ment that went after apples to the lower guard, and the 
regulars fired three guns and one of the balls cut off the 
feather of his hat and did not hurt none of them. 

Thursday, 2 th . I came off guard, and in the after- 
noon I went out about 4 miles and got some apples, and 
I got about a peck- of walnuts. 

Friday, 3 th . It rained till about noon and then it 
slacked, and the regulars fired 25 cannon from the ships 
to salute, and about 4 o'clock they fired a cannon from 
the floating battery and the bullet came so near that we 
heard it whistle through the air. 

Saturday, 4 th . I was on quarter guard, and I stood 
6 hours 2 hours at once, and there was one that was 
drunk and they put him under guard, and I had to 
keep him 2 hours and he would try to get out, and 1 
stood with my gun and bayonet and he would crowd 
on it, and I pricked him and he would swear, and the 
sergeant told me to keep him in the house, and he 
would not go, and I pushed him down and bid him to 
stand, and he would swear and damn us all, and about 
io o'clock he [I?] was relieved. 

Sunday, 5 th . We had a new minister, and he 
preached from St. John 3 th and 17 th verse, and it was 
the day of thanksgiving with the regulars, and about 




125 

one o'clock they began to fire, and they fired a 190 
cannon as fast as I could count. 

Monday, 6 th . It was my turn to cook, and about 12 
o'clock' the regulars fired 25 cannon from the ships to 
salute, and I see Master Williams and he told me that 
he had seen a letter that I wrote about his coming down, 
and he told me that he was married. 

Tuesday, 7 th . I come on quarter guard and it rained 
all day, and I stood 3 times 2 hours in the night. 

Wednesday, 8 th . It was a very clear day, and 3 of 
us went to Notimy about 4 miles, and got about half 
a bushel of walnuts and a peck of apples, and we 
returned. 

Thursday, 9 th . In the forenoon I wrote letters, and 
about 12 o'clock there was a larum and we turned out, 
and the world seemed to be full of men, and the can- 
non roaring on both sides, and the small arms a crack- 
ing and the cannon balls would whistle through the air, 
and we could see them strike in the water and make it 
fly as high as the housen, and the regulars landed about 
500 to get some of our cattle, and the riflemen way- 
layed them and fired on them and the regulars ran, and 
our men whorawed and fired and the regulars pulled on 
their oars and went off, and we stayed about half an 
hour and we had orders to return to our tents, and it 
began to rain and it rained all night. 

Friday, 10 th . I went on Prospect Hill to hear the 
news of the battle, and we heard that they found 5 
regulars dead, and they took one of the riflemen and 
wounded 3 more of them, and they was in high spirits. 

Saturday, 1 1 th . I was on main guard and I stood 
5 hours, 4 hours to keep the prisoners. 

Sunday, 12 th . It was my turn to cook. The 



126 

minister preached a sermon from 2 th of Chronicles 13 th 
chapter and 23 th verse. 

Monday, 13 th . I went to Nottimy about 4 miles, and 
we got about 3 pecks ot apples, and we come down 
about 2 miles and we went and pulled 4 bushel of 
turnips, and we had a pack and we brought them home 
and they gave us 8 pence for them. 

Tuesday, 14 th . It was a fine pleasant day, and I 
went to see them dig turf to make a fort atop of the 
hill against the old ship. There was about 2 hundred 
men. They was out of the regulars' sight, and they 
intended to make a breastwork in the night right against 
the old ship, and fix some cannon and drive them out 
of the harbor, and they was fixing for another on Chelcy 
side, and they thought that the regulars had discovered 
something, and we was ordered to have our guns in the 
best order and be ready at a minute's warning to turn 
out on the larum if called. 

Wednesday, 15 th . I was on main guard, and it 
rained all day and it was a very cold storm, and I stood 
4 times one hour and 20 minutes at a time. I stood 3 
times in the house. 

Thursday, 16 th . It cleared off cold, and it was 
Thanksgiving with us,* and we took and fried some 
fresh meat and stewed some apples, and about 9 o'clock 
there was a larum, and they ordered 10 men out of a 
company to go to the picket guard and staid all night. 

Friday, 17 th . I was on picket guard, and it was very 
cold and our men went to the barn to live, and fixed 
our beds and moved our things. 

Saturday, 18 th . We finished our room and moved 
all of our things to the barn. 

* But see entry under 23d. 



T27 

Sunday, 19 th . We had a fine sermon preached to us 
from Esther 8 th and 6 th verse. He talked to the colo- 
nel and captains, then to the soldiers. 

Monday, 22 th . I washed my clothes, and about 1 1 
o'clock at night there was a larum, and our regiment 
turned out 400 men and we marched round a while and 
they could not find out as there was any regulars, and 
they dismissed them and ordered us to turn out between 
daylight and sunrise, and we returned to our beds. 

Tuesday, 21 th . In the morning we turned out and 
marched round about an hour, and we had orders to 
turn out the next morning and man out our forts, and 
then we was dismissed and come home, and it was my 
turn to cook and I cook, and at night there came, a 
light snow. 

Wednesday, 22 tn . I was on picket guard, and I 
went to the flag of truce guard, and the regulars fired 
several times at our guards but did not hurt any of 
them. At night our men fired at them several times. 
They was about 20 rods apart. I stood 4 hours, two 
hours to the lower guard. There was 3 sheep that run 
from the regulars, and our men got one and killed it, 
and at night our men built a fort on Litchamores Point 
right against the old ship. 

Thursday, 23. It was Thanksgiving with us, but we 
did not expect to keep it only by fighting. The regu- 
lars moved round their floating batteries and we was 
ordered to be ready for a' larum. 

Friday, 24 th . I went to Litchamore Point and I 
could see in the town of Boston and the ship, and then 
I went to Cambridg and see the artility [sic], and looked 
round the town, and about one o'clock they fired 15 
cannon to salute. 



128 

Saturday, 25 th . It was a fine day, and "I was on main 
guard. The sentries fired at each other all day by 
spells. 

Sunday, 26 th . It stormed the most of the day, and 
we stayed in and read all day. 

Monday, 27 th . I washed some of my things and put 
them up. 

Tuesday, 28 th . I went on fatigue and helped carry 4 
fascines about half a mile. 

Wednesday, 29 th . In the morning the whole regi- 
ment was ordered to parade before the genera [l's] door, 
and they formed a hollow square, and the general came 
in and made a speech to us, and then those that would 
stay till January must follow the fifers and col., and the 
captains turned out and they marched round the com- 
pany several times, and there was about a 100 soldiers 
turned out. The most of them had listed to stay 
another year, and they was led down to the colonel's and 
treated, and the rest was dismissed to return to their 
tents again, and I washed my clothes, and about sunset 
we went out and chose 2 corporals, and then they 
brought 2 bottles of brandy and they drinked it, and 
then they was dismissed. 

Thursday, 30 th . About 1 2 o'clock they fired about 
10 cannon to salute. In the afternoon we was ordered 
out to see who would stay 3 weeks longer, and there 
was but three that would stay and they had listed to 
stay another year, and they dismissed them. 

December, Friday, 1 th . We was ordered to parade 
before the general's door, the whole regiment, and 
General Lee and General Solivan came out, and those 
that would not stay 4 days longer after their enlistments 
was out they was ordered to turn out, and there was 



129 

about 3 quarters turned out and we was ordered to form 
a hollow square, and General Lee came in and the first 
words was "Men, I do not know what to call you, 
[you] are the worst of all creatures," and flung and 
curst and swore at us, and said if we would not stay he 
would order us to go on Bunker Hill and if we would 
not go he would order the riflemen to fire at us, and 
they talked they would take our guns and take our 
names down, and our lieutenants begged of us to stay 
and we went and joined the rest, and they got about 10 
of their guns, and the men was marched off and the 
general said that they should go to the work house and 
be confined, and they agreed to stay the four days, and 
they gave them a dram and the colonel told us that he 
would give us another the next morning, and we was 
dismissed. There was one that was a mind to have one 
of his mates turn out with him, and the general see him 
and he catched his gun out of his hands and struck him 
on the head and ordered him to be put under guard. 

Saturday, 2 th . I was on quarter guard in the morn- 
ing. They was paraded before the colo[nel's] door and 
he gave us a dram, and then they read some new orders 
to us and they said that we must not go out of our 
brigade without a written pass from our captain, and 
before night there was a paper set up on the general's 
door not to let the soldiers have any victual if they 
would not stay 3 weeks longer, and they said that they 
was 50 miles in the country, and some was mad and 
said they would not stay the 4 days, and the paper was 
took down as soon as it was dark, and another put up 
that General Lee was a fool and if he had not come 
here we should not know it. The sentries fired at each 
other all day by spells, and at night our guard took 4 

17 



130 

of their horses, and the mortar piece that our men took 
from the regulars was brought to Cambridge. It was 
13 inches across. They brought several chests of small 
arms, and General Put[ nam] dashed a bottle on it and 
called it the royal Congress. 

Sunday, 3 th . It was my turn to cook, and at night 
we had orders that if we would stay till 10 th we should 
have a written pass, and we felt a good deal better for it. 

Monday, 4 th . I wrote a letter and drawed off the 
advertisement that was sat up to keep us from having 
anything on the road.* 

Tuesday, 5 th . I went over to Chelsey about 7 miles, 
and I see 6 loads of the balls and shells, and I see the 
ships. There was a vast number of them, and I could 
see the castle and the town, and I see about 20 sail off 
on the sou[th], and they said that there was some of 
our privateers after them. 

Wednesday, 6 th . I was on main guard, and I stood 
4 hours. 

Thursday, 7 th . We was ordered to march out 10 
o'clock and 3 regiments more, and we manned out a 
breastwork and exercised awhile, and then we marched 
down and the generals come and we marched round 
awhile, and we was ordered to parade the next morning 
at 10 o'clock, and then we was dismissed. 

Friday, 8 th . It was a cloudy day and we did not go 
out to exercise, and in the forenoon I fixed my things 
and put them in my pack, and in the afternoon there 
was two soldiers came from Roxbury to see us, and I 
went rou[nd] down to Ploud Hill and to the lower 
sentries, and then to Prospect Hill and see the cann[on], 
and then we came home to our barn. 

* See Paper A at the end of this journal. 



i3i 

Saturday, 9 th . The whole regiment was ordered out 
on the parade, and we was ordered to stand three deep, 
and the captains was in the front and the lute and the 
sergeants in the rear, and the general came round the 
whole and we all made a salute to him, and then we was 
ordered to march down before the general's door, and 
those that was agoing to stay another year should march 
out and front the regiments, and they was dismissed 
to go to their tents, and the officers was ordered to view 
our arms, and then we was dismissed and we came 
home, and then we was ordered to turn [in] our guns 
and ammunition and our guns was to be priced, and 
orders was that all that was not well might march off, 
and those that had sent for horses and hey (no others) 
sot off, and when it came night we had orders to go on 
Ploud Hill and handle the lances all night, and they all 
said that they would not go, and they did not get one. 

Sunday, 10 th . In the morning we was ordered to 
parade before the general's door, and we was counted off 
and dismissed, and we we[nt] to the luten and he gave 
us a dram, and then we marched off to Cambridg and 
I see the brass mortar piece, and then we marched to 
Watertown and then to Waltham and then to Western, 
then to Sutbury. There we stayed all night and I got 
a good supper and lay in a good bed. We traveled 15 
miles and it was wet and sloppy and it rained all night. 

Monday, 11 th . We marched to Morlbury, then to 
Northbury, then to Shrewsbury and stayed that night. 
It was very bad traveling, and we went 21 miles and 
got a good supper. 

Tuesday, 12 th . It was very cold, and we went to 
Woster 6 miles and got breakfast, and then we went to 
Lester, then to Spencer, then to Brookfield, there we 



132 

staid all night and got a good supper of veal. We 
went 24 miles. 

Wednesday, 13 th . In the morning we went 5 miles 
and got a breakfast. There we went off to go to 
Northampton, and went to Were town and then to 
Belcher[town], and there we stayed all night and got a 
supper. We went 23 miles that day. 

Thursday, 14 th . We sat off and went 6 miles to 
Hadley and got a breakfast, and then we came to 
Northampton about 10 miles and I went round and see 
my friends that day. 

Friday, 15 th . We went to Southampton and see my 
friends. 

Saturday, 16 th . We sat off about sunrise and marched 
Murrifield,* then to Glascof to Landlord Pease's, and 
there we overtook our lieutenant and sergeant, and we 
made a stop and got some victuals, and then we went to 
Loudon,^ then to Sandersfield. There we stayed that 
night at Spring's and got a good supper. We went 27 
miles that day over the hills and holes [hollows]. 

Sunday, 17 th . We sat off and went 6 miles and got 
a breakfast at Tidingham,§ then to New Maltbury, then 
to Sheffield, then to Salisbury. There we stayed that 
night. We went 20 miles that day. 

Monday, 18 th . I got home and found my friends 
and relations all well, to my great joy. 

Tuesday, 19 th . I went round to see the neighbors. 

Wednesday, 20 th . I went to mill and did not do 
much that day. 

Thursday, 21 th . I went to Townhill and got me a 
gun. 

* Murrayfield, now Chester. 
f New Glasgow, now Blandford, 
\ Now Otis. 
§ Tyringham. 



133 

Friday, 22 th . I scoured my gun and went to get 
some thrashing and I could not. 

Saturday, 23 th . I went and run some bullets and 
agreed to work 2 months for Luke Camp, and at night 
I [o]inted for the itch and had a fine wrastle ov[er] it. 

Sunday, 24 th . It snowed all day and it fell about 
knee deep. 

Monday, 25 th . I tried my gun, and we had a fine 
Christmas a shooting at a mark. 

Tuesday, 26 th . I went to Canan to see my friends. 

Wednesday, 27 th . I came home. 

Thursday, 28 th . I went to work for Luke Camp. 



[Paper posted on Gen. Lee's tent. See page 129, ante.] 

To the Publicans and other Housekeepers residing 
on the different roads betwixt Cambridge, Newlondon, 
and Hartford. 

Fellow Citizens : It is hoped and expecled that as 
you value the sacred right and liberties of your coun- 
try, you will show a proper contempt and indignation 
towards those disaffecled miscreants who are at this 
crisis deserting her cause. Those who for want of zeal 
or courage, at a time when everything conspires to give 
us victory over our wicked enemies and tyrants, can so 
basely abandon their colors, those who by a traitorous 
desertion in the hour of trial would open a possibility 
to the enemy of enslaving you, have forfeited all title to 
be treated not only [as] fellow citizens but as men. 
You therefore, gentlemen, are most earnestly entreated 



134 

and conjured to give testimony of your virtue and 
patriotism by punishing to your utmost those vile 
refugees. In short, you are requested not to admit into 
your houses or furnish with any refreshment those bands 
of deserters now sneaking homeward to infate [infecY] 
their relations and neighbors with cowardice and every 
bad quality, but to consider them as reprobates to vir- 
tue, honor, God, and their country, for in these lights 
they may justly be considered, particularly when it is 
known that it was only requested of. them to remain 
three weeks longer, which they (oh scorn to the name 
of Amarica) have most basely refused to comply with. 
Thanks however to God Almighty, who has hitherto 
so manifestly prospered our cause, this vile dastardly 
spirits is so far from being general that our army will 
the very day of their desertion be stronger than ever, 
but the spirit and virtue of the major part serve to 
render the infamy of those particulars more conspicuous. 
Thus much may suffice for General Lee. 



B 

Allowance to the army, that is ^ quarters of a pound 
of pork or l pound of beef and l pound of bread or 
flour with 3 pints of beer per day, and also molasses, a 
pint of rice or a pint of Indian meal, and 6 ounces of 
butter, and also 3 pints of beans or peas each man per 
week, and also one gill of rum per man per day, upon 
fatigue only and at no other time, milk, molasses, 
candles, soap, vinegar, coffee, chocolate, sugar, tobacco, 
and onions in their season, and vegetables to be pro- 
vided for said troops at the discretion of the general 
and field officers. 



Note. — The two following journals were kept 
by Benjamin Trumbull, D. D., author of the classic 
History of Connecticut, during his service as chaplain 
of the First Conne&icut Regiment in the Revolution, 
to which position he was appointed by the General 
Court at its April Session, 1775. He varied his duties 
with those of private soldier and volunteer orderly. Dr. 
Trumbull was born in Hebron, Conn., Dec. 19, 1735; 
graduated at Yale, 1 759 ; became pastor of the Con- 
gregational church at North Haven, Conn., 1760, and 
remained such (except for the Revolutionary intermis- 
sion) till his death Jan. 23, 1820 — just short of sixty 
years. Strong in body, he was in spirit a nervous en- 
thusiast, of sensitive perceptions, quick emotions, and 
the zeal of a devotee. 

The first journal relates to the Canada expedition, at 
first under Schuyler, then under Montgomery, with 
Wooster heading the Connecticut troops; it closes just 
before the disastrous assault on Quebec, but with Mont- 
real, Chamblee, and St. John's in American hands. 

The second is concerned with the operations around 
New York, 1776-7. 

Both were bought at the Brinley Library Sale in 
Boston, in April, 1893, by Mr. James J. Goodwin of 
Hartford, who presented them to this Society. Another 
MS. copy of the first journal is in existence, with 
slight additions to the one here given; but none of 
the second, and the letter which acceptably fills a gap 
in it is also new. 



(136) 



A CONCISE 

Journal or Minutes 

OF THE PRINCIPAL 

Movements Towards St. Johns 

OF THE 

SIEGE AND SURRENDER OF THE 
FORTS THERE 

IN 

'775 

[By Benjamin Trumbull] 



18 



July 26 th Colonel Waterburys Regiment embarked 
for Albany. July 28 th arrived at Albany after a run of 
about 28 Hours. The 29 th marched for half Moon. 
30 th D° arrived at Half Moon and encamped there. 

August 7 th a Division of Five Companies Struck 
their Tents and marched to the fly above Still Water. 
The 8 th marched to Point Pleasant about Two miles 
below fort Edward. The next Day marched to Kings- 
bury. From this Place the Regiment took their Rout 
by Skeensborough* and the Baggage was carried by the 
Way of Lake George. The Road to Skeensborough 
was very slippery and wet one night was very rainy and 
the men after a fatiguing Day had nothing but Hemlock 
Bushes to cover them, were very wet and uneasy; this 
was the Night of the 10 th of August. 11 th The men 
marched on for Skeensborough where they arrived 
greatly fatigued about 10 o'Clock A. M. The Boats 
were all ready and the Regiment immediately embarked 
for Ticondaroga, and arrived the Same Day. The 
Tents and Baggage were not arrived the men were 
therefore obliged to lodge under Boards Till the 13 th . 
On the 13 th The Tents and Baggage arrived and the 
Regiment encamped, at Ticondaroga. 

August Monday 28 th The whole Army embarked at 
6, o'Clock in the Afternoon for S fc John's. 29 Arrived 
at Crown Point. 31 st Embarked for S l Johns again on 
the 2 nd of September arrived at the Isle of Mot in Lati- 
tude 44°5i. Monday 12 o'Clock September 4 th Gen- 
eral Schuyler arrived and gave orders to proceed onward 
and the Troops embarked and arrived at the Isle Au 

* Whitehall. 

(139) 



v 140 

Noix about 7 in the Evening. Cap 1 Benedict was sent 
with a Party to view S* John's. On his return he dis- 
covered a Party of Indians in a Boat on whom they 
fired and Supposed they killed 2 or 3. September 6 th 
The. Army consisting of between 900' and 1,000 men 
proceeded from the Isle au noix for S l John's. Of this 
Number 200 were of the 1 Batalion of the Yorkers, all 
the Rest ot the Army were of Colonel Waterburys 
Regiment. The whole Number when they embarked 
at Ticondaroga consisted of about 1200 men. a consid- 
erable Number were left Sick at Crown Point, many 
others fell Sick on y e Way and were left with a Small 
Party at the Isle au noix. The Army arrived within 
Sight of the Forts at S* Johns about 2 o'Clock P. M. 
In order to Effect a Safe Landing the General with his 
Aaid de Camp Brigade Major advanced about 40 Rods 
in Front of the Main Army until they came within one 
mile and an Half of the Forts, from which y y were 
Saluted with a warm canonnade, when orders were 
given for the Brigade Major to fall back and land five 
Boats on the Left. As soon as he had reached the 
Shore the whole Army who appeared to be pressing on 
in the Front landed wheeled to the left & on the Right 
of first Boats in the Same Place. 

By this manuver the Enemy who had laid their Am- 
bush further down where it seemed the General and 
Advanced Boats were about to land, were deceived and 
the Troops all landed without Opposition. The Troops 
having all made good their landing and the Centries 
and out Guards being properly placed the General 
gave orders for the Army to advance on the Right 
towards the Fort, by that Time the main Body had 
Advanced 50 Rods they were attacked on the Left by 



141 

an Ambuscade, consisting of Indians and Canadians, who 
began a heavy fire on that Wing. The Army immedi- 
ately wheeled to the Left in order to Face the Fire of the 
Enemy, and charged them with great Spirit & Firmness. 
After a fire of about half an Hour the Enemy gave way 
and retreated fast keeping up a Scattering fire as y y ran 
off. Five of the Americans were killed on the Spot 
and three others mortally wounded, who expired before 
the next Morning. Major Hobby and Captain Mead 
were slightly wounded with three Privates. The whole 
Loss was in the Companies of Major Hobby and Capt. 
Mead who commanded on the Left. After the Action 
the Army marched back to the Edge of the Lake, and 
threw up a Small Breastwork, but soon finding that they 
were within Reach of the Enemys Shells, which in the 
Evening began to come plentifully into the Camp, they 
thought prudent to move up the Lake and encamp 
about three quarters of a mile farther South of the 
Forts. They threw up a Small Breastwork and tarried 
in y* Camp till Morning. 

September 7 th The General finding the Enemy had 
much more Strength by Water than he Expected, and 
having Neither Ordnance, Shells or Ball proper for a 
formal Siege judged proper to retreat to the Isle au 
Noix. The General on this Occasion thus Addressed 
the Troops in General Orders. 

Camp Near S l John's Sep tr 7 th 1775. 
" The General thought it expedient to advance to S 1 
John's in Order to try the disposition of the Canadians 
& give you an Opportunity of taking up Arms in the 
Common Cause: but being in no condition to under- 
take a Siege either with Respect to Artiliry or Num- 
bers, and finding that the Enemy have a vessel of Force 
launched and nearly completed he thinks it absolutely 



142 

necessary to return to the Isle Au Noix to make such 
Preparations there as may effectually prevent the Ene- 
mys naval Force from entring the Lake. 

The General hopes the Troops will not be disperited 
at their Return, and if attacked that they will behave in 
a manner worther of the noble Cause in which they 
have engaged. The troops to embark forthwith with- 
out Hurry and without noise" &c. 

The Army returned to the Isle Aux Noix the same 
Day. Lord's Day Sept. 10 y e Army embarked a 2 nd 
Time for the Fort at S 1 Johns &c. Nothing very ma- 
terial happened from this Time 'till the 13 when orders 
were given for the Embarkation of the Guns Mortars 
and Carriages on Board of the Batteaus and Row Gal- 
lies on the 14 th and orders were given for the Army to 
move down the River the 15. After these orders which 
were given the 13 th something very curious happened. 
The General intimated y l it would not be safe to go un- 
less a number of volunteers could be procured to board 
the Enemies Shiping should they make an attack upon 
them, and on the Day following the General thus Ex- 
pressed himself in General Orders. 

Camp at Isle Aux Noix Sep tr 14 th 1775. 
The Persons who would distinguish ymselves in y e 
Cause of Liberty and their Country, and chuse to offer 
their Service to man the Boats which are designed to 
board the Enemies Schooner will give in their Names 
to the Brigade Major, by Ten o'Clock Tomorrow Fore- 
noon. 

What could be the Design of this extraordinary ma- 
nuvre cannot be certainly determined, but it was the 
general Conjecture that the General was discouraged as 
to his Accomplishing any Thing important against the 
Enemy. Their Naval Force appeared so formidable 



143 

that he feared the Event of an Engagement on the 
Lake, and their Fortresses were so strong so well manned 
& so well provided that he could give himself very 
little hopes of Success. He feared that much Blame 
would fall on him, and to shift this from himself and 
lay it on the Troops, in such Circumstances it was im- 
agined would not be disagreeable. The matter there- 
fore being declined by the men in a publick manner 
when invited by General Orders would exculpate the 
chief Commander and throw all the Blame on the in- 
ferior Officers and Soldiers. 

What the Design might be is not so very material 
the Event was this that no particular Name was given 
in but a general Answer was made by the Troops To 
this Effect, That y y were all volunteers and had been 
from the Beginning, and were ready to attempt any 
Thing which could be ... be thought practicable 
and Reasonable. 

On this a Council of war was called September 15. 
When the Council first met Things looked so discour- 
aging that it seemed to be the General Opinion that the 
Army was not able to proceed; but while the Matter 
was in debate a Letter was handed in from M r Living- 
ston giving an Account of some Advantages which he 
had obtained over the Enemy, urging the Army to 
come on immediately and incouraging them that 3,000 
Canadians would join them on their Landing. On the 
Receipt of this Letter It was determined to go forward 
immediately. The greatest Impediment in the Way 
was the Enemies Schooner. It was not thought Safe to 
proceed unless a certain Number of Officers and men 
would engage to attack and Board her at all Adven- 
tures. Colonel Waterbury and Major Douglas with 



144 

320 Engaged to undertake this Business and went on 
Board the Watercraft for that Purpose. 

Lord's Day September 17 The Army embarked a 
Third Time for S l John's. The whole Force in this 
Part of the country had been collected, the Scattered 
Troops were brought on that had arrived at Ticonda- 
roga, and the Green mountain Boys had joined the 
Army. The whole thus mustered amounted to about 
1400 effective men. The Army arrived the same Day 
at the uper Breastwork, and encamped there just in the 
Evening. Colonel Beadles Regiment advanced For- 
ward and took Post in the North or lower Breastwork, 
as an Advanced Guard. Monday Morning September, 
18 th Major Brown who had been previously sent of from 
the Isle Aux Noix into Canada, and on the 17 had 
taken 4 Hogsheads of Rum and several Carriages and 
some clothing from the Enemy was attacked by them 
above the forts. The Fire was heard in the Camp 
South of the Forts. On this 500 men* under the Com- 
mand of Colonel Bedel who had orders to Pass the 
Forts and cut of the Communication between them and 
the adjacent Country were hastened off immediately to 
assist major Brown and his Party w° at the Time of the 
Action did not exceed 50, men of the Provincials, 
joined with 30 or 40 Canadians. His Party consisted 
originally of towards 100 men, but one half of them 
were placed as Guards at Chambly and the adjacent 
Country. The General marched at the Head of the 
Detachment of 500 men and passed the Forts. The 
Regulars who came out with several Field Pieces and 
3 or 400 men drove Major Browns Party from their 
Breast Work and took the Ground on the Appearance 
of Colonel Beadles Party the Regulars Fired their Field 



H5 

Pieces and discharged a few vollies of small Arms and 
retreated, almost before our men had marched into open 
veiw so as to fire on them with any Advantage. 

No man was lost on the Side of the Provincials. 
Capt. Watson was badly wounded and afterwards taken 
up by our men another was wounded and taken. This 
was all the loss we sustained. The Regulars lost one or 
two. One was killed with a Cannon ball Shot from 
their own Canon. Our People took and ever after main- 
tained their Ground. 

The Rest of the Army Advanced to the lower Breast 
Work and began to clear a Place for an Encampment. 
Encamped and cast up a Breastwork. 

On the same Day Colonel Allen with Captain Dug- 
gan and 6 or Seven men went off to Chambly in Order 
to raise a Regiment of Canadians at Chambly and along 
the River Sorrell and the adjacent country. 

September 19 th Major Brown with a Party of about 
50 or 60 men was sent off to Le Praire. On the 20 th He 
Surprized a Party of Regulars Indians and Canadians, 
who were at that Post: took one Regular Prisoner, 4 
Pipes of Wine, 8 or 10 Barrels of Pork about Ten Fir- 
kins of Butter, some Powder Clothing Shoes &c. 

The Army were employed on the 18 th and 19 princi- 
pally in clearing Ground for an Encampment in encamp- 
ing Reconnoitering &c. A Party of 100 men were also 
sent off on the 19 th to Join Colonel Beadle in the North 
encampment. 

The State and Situation of the main Army & Water 
Craft at this Time was as followeth. — Viz in the Grand 
Encampment South of S fc John's about 400 men who 
were to carry on the Siege. On Board the Water craft 
330 : — On the Advanced Posts North of St John's viz. 

19 



146 

at Beadles Encampment, at Chambly and Le Praire 600. 
The Encampment South of S l John's Lay About a mile 
and a Quarter from the Lower Fort, had a Small Breast 
Work on the North and West of it, on the East lay the 
Lake. The place of the Encampment was a low miry 
Ground, so that the Tents and all the Streets between 
them were wet and miry, so that in the wet and rainy 
Seasons the mud and Water was near over Shoe, and 
the men in order to be dry were obliged to raise the 
Ground with Bushes Barks and Flags in order to be dry. 

The Shiping Bateaux and Water Craft lay about 20, 
or 30 Rods higher up the Lake than the Encampment 
ranged in a Line accross the Water. 

The Force on the Lake consisted of the Schooner 
Liberty mounting 2, 4 Pounders and two 2 D° with 8 
or io Swivels. The Sloop Enterprise mounting 2 
Brass 6 Pounders and four Iron 3 D° with 1 1 Swivels. 
The Gundalo * Schuyler mounting one 12 Pounder in 
her Bow and twelve Swivels on her Sides. The Gun- 
dalo Handcock mounting the Same metal. Two Ba- 
taux with Swivels. 

About the 19 th and 20 th The Troops began to clear 
the Road to the Bumb Battery South of the Fort and to 
erect said Battery. 

On the 21 st Colonel Warner with a Detachment of 
200 men was sent off from Colonel Beadles Encamp- 
ment to Lepraire and Longael. 

Colonel Allen having taken his rout along the 
Country from Chambly to the mouth of the Sorell, 
and from thence to Longael where arrived on the 24 th 
Thought Proper with a Small Number of men to at- 
tempt the Taking of Montreal. On the 25 He passed 

* Gondola — i. e., lighter; large flat-bottomed boat. 



'47 

the River St Lawrence with a Party of about 30 Provin- 
cials which he collected from the advanced Guard or 
Party at longael joined with 40 or 50 Canadians, and 
marched for Montreal. He was met on his Way about 
Two miles from the City with a Superior Number of 
Regulars, Canadians, and Johnsons Rangers. After a 
Short Engagement he was defeated and taken Prisoner 
with about 30 of his Party. 4 or 5 were killed in the 
Field of Battle, and two who were taken died afterwards 
of their Wounds. The Enemy lost four. One Regu- 
lar killed on the Spot, Major Carnes & M r Patterson 
were mortally wounded and died the evening and night 
Following. — Another of the Enemy died of his wounds 
afterwards. — This Rash and ill concerted measure of 
Colonel Allen had no good influence on the Affairs of 
the united Colonies in Canada. It not only served to 
dishearten the Army and weaken it, but it prejudiced 
the people against us and both made us Enemies and 
lost us Friends. 

Nothing very material happened from the 20 till the 
Gun and Bumb Bateries were opened. The Army 
were employed from the 17 to the 25 in Cutting Roads 
and in Building a Bumb & Gun Battery South of the 
Forts in getting up Canon Mortars Shells &c. to the 
Breast Works and in Preparing to open the Batteries. 
The Enemy kept up a warm fire on them almost every 
Day but did little Damage. On the 23 d One man was 
killed with a Canon Ball. 

September 25 th This Day about 3 o'Clock in the Af- 
ternoon the Bumb Battery and two Gun Battery were 
opened and began to Play on the Forts. A very hot 
fire continued on both Sides till night. 

Tuesday and Wednesday 26 th & 27 th were very cold 



148 

wet and Stormy. About 3 o'Clock on Wednesday the 
Storm abated and a heavy Fire began on both Sides and 
continued till night. We had one man killed with a 
Shell, and another wounded. Thursday and Friday very 
cold for the Season wet & Stormy, and little Business 
done. Very uncomfortable living in Swampy wet 
Camp. — Saturday 30 th Sept r The cold and Storm con- 
tinues. Sunday October 1 st It yet remains cold and 
Stormy. The Advanced Posts send for more men and 
we have reports of a large Body of Canadians collecting 
and preparing to come against us. We go to work at 
our Breastwork round the Encampment, to make it 
more defensible against the Canadians and Indians. 

Monday and Tuesday the 2 d and 3 rd are cold and 
Stormy. This was as Dark a Season as ever the Troops 
saw during the whole Siege of S* John's. The Weather 
was exceeding discouraging, the ground on which the 
Army were encamped exceeding mudy and Wet, and 
the whole adjacent country wet and miry. The News 
from montreal and the Country of Canada were far from 
being encouraging. It was reported that Carlton had 
not less than 14, or 1500 men with him at Montreal. 
This was nearly the Truth as we learned afterwards. 
The Canadians seemed to grow cool and fearful, & some 
went off and left the Army. The Indians behaved in a 
Suspicious manner, would go and view our Batteries, and 
then would be seen going into the Forts to the Enemy, 
and things appeared very discouraging on almost every 
Account. But our men still hold out and determine to 
do all that they possibly can in y e Common Cause of 
their Country. — Provisions were scanty about this Time 
the out Posts at Lepraire grew fearful of Tarrying and 
were reinforced. 



149 

The Canadians on the 3 rd Begin an Entrenchment on 
the East Side of the Lake opposite the uper Fort about 
80 or 100 Rods distance and throw up a small Breast- 
work. There was towards 200 of them employed in this 
Business. 

Wednesday, October 4 th . A fair Pleasant Day. 
About Ten o'Clock the Regulars attempted to cross the 
Lake in their Row Galley or Floating Battery and drive 
off the Canadians from their Intrenchment and Breast- 
work on the East Side of the Lake. They fired Canon 
and Small Arms very warmly but our People a Small 
Number of whom were on that Side the Lake assist by 
the Canadians were able to defend the Works, and the 
Regulars after a Sharp fire on both Sides returned again 
to the Forts without doing any Damage. 

The Evening following the old Sow with Shells &c 
arrived from Ticondarogo. On the 6 th The old Sow is 
Placed on the Bumb Battery & in the Evening Seven 
Shells were flung from her on the Forts. The Enemy 
in Return flung 24. — 7 th . Nothing material happens. 
8 th . Stormy bad weather, little Business done. From 
the 8 th To the thirteenth nothing very material hap- 
pened, the weather was cold. On the 1 1 Seth Case of 
Cap 1 Meads Company was wounded with a Shell and 
died on the 12 th . 

About this Time it was determined in a Council of 
War to Build a Battery on the East Side of the Lake in 
order to destroy the Enemys Shiping and to anoy them 
in the Forts. — This was against the mind of the General 
and he never gave any General Orders for it. On the 
14 A Battery was opened consisting of 2 12 Pounders 
and 2 Fours D°. — This Battery did good Execution and 



'50 

in a Day or Two Sunk the Enemy Schooner and opened 
a more safe Passage Down the Lake. 

15 th . One of Cap* Dimons men dies with Sickness 
and one man is killed in the East Encampment. 

16 th . Three Cannon Pass the East Battery and go 
down the Lake. These went to Chambly and Longale, 
about this Time a Battery was built at and Chambly, 
and the 18 th the Place Surrendered. See a Particular 
Account of this Siege Surrender &c in another Place. 

October 2 1 st . Saturday The Prisoners taken, at Cham- 
bly coming up the River to our Encampment North of 
the Forts, a Truce was Sent to the Fort Desiring Liberty 
for them to pass the Forts. Liberty was granted. The 
next Day the Regulars Sent a Flag out of the Fort de- 
siring That three of the Officers Wives which were 
among the Prisoners might be released and Suffered to 
come into the Fort. This was granted. 

Monday 23 rd . The Prisoners were sent off for New 
England with an Escort out of the S" Batalion of New 
Yorkers under the Command of Capt Willet. 

24 th . Nothing Remarkable. Wednesday 25 th One 
of the 1 Batalion of yorkers killed with a Canon Ball in 
the Camp. 

Thursday 26 th . A Pleasant Day. General Wooster 
with Part of his Regiment arrives at Cap 1 Mots Encamp- 
ment. General Wooster goes up to the main Encamp- 
ment and has an Interview with General Montgomery. 

Friday 27 th General Woosters Regiment Cross the 
Lake above the Fort, pass it on the East Side and then 
cross the Lake again below the fort and take Post in the 
Lower Encampment north of S 1 John's. — The Same Day 
the Mortars and Canon from the Bumb and Gun Bat- 
terys were removed to Head Quarters in order to pre- 



pare the Army for a movement above the Fort. The 
next Day the Principal Part of the Army marched by 
the Forts and took Post in the North Encampments 
above them. 

An Account of the Artilery carried up from Ticonda- 
roga to S 1 John's in order to Carry on the Siege of the 
Forts there exclusive of what has been already mentioned 
on board the Water Craft 3 Mortars 1, 5 Inch one 8 
Inch D° and one 13 Inch. — 3 12 Pounders 2 9 D° 2, 6 
D° 3, 4 D°. — The Twelves and Sixes were excellent 
Pieces double fortified. 

[Leaf gone. ] 
. . ... . Night, until they had fired, as they 

Supposed 1000, or 1,100 Shot. On our Side one man 
was killed right out on the Platform, another had his 
Leg foot and Thigh torn all to Pieces with a shell, had 
his Leg cut of about nine o'clock as near the trunk of 
his body as possible, he bore the Operation with great 
magnanimity but did not Survive the Night. Three 
more were wounded but two of them very Slightily. 
In the Evening, the Generals Sent a Truce into the Fort 
proposing Terms to them if y y would Surrender. They 
desired Time till morning before y y gave their answer. 

Thursday Nov 1 " 2 the Garrison Sent Captain Williams 
and Captain [blank] with a truce and an Answer to the 
Generals Letter. They desired a Cesation of Hostilities 
for four Days, and agreed that if they should not have re- 
lief from Canada in four Days they would propose Terms 
of Surrendery. They doubted of the Truth of General 
Carltons being defeated on Monday. The Generals as- 
sured them on their Honour that the Fact was true, and 
as y y were not Satisfied by the Examination of the Pris- 
oner w c the Generals Sent in with the Truce, whom they 
Examined under Oath, General Montgomery refered 



152 

them to the other Prisoners w c were on board the Sloop 
Enterprise for further Satisfaction. He refused a Cessation 
of Hostilities for the Term proposed assured them that 
if y y gave him further Trouble he should be obliged to 
treat them with Less Honour and Favour, and desired 
the garison if y y would not comply with the Terms, he 
proposed to fire a Canon without ball as a Signal. 

The Officers of the Fort having Examined the other 
Prisoners on Board the Sloop immediately entered on a 
Treaty and made proposals of Surrendery. They desired 
to march out with the Honours of War be sent to Some 
Sea Port Town and the first opportunity to be shiped for 
England, they also desired that the Canadians might be 
suffered to return to their Farms, These articles the Gen- 
erals would not agree to. The Commanding officers 
about 9 o'Clock Post Meridiem Signed the Following 
Articles of Capitulation. 

S t John's 2 nd November 1775. 
Articles of Capitulation proposed by Major Charles 
Preston for his Majesty's Forts at S 1 John's in the Prov- 
ince of Canada. 

Art. 1 st All acts of Hostility shall cease on both Sides 
till the Articles of Capitulation shall be agreed upon and 
signed. 

Answer. Agreed. 

Ar* II. The Garrison shall be allowed all the Honors 
of War, and Suffered to proceed with their Baggage & 
Effects to the most convenient Port in America, from 
thence to embark for great Britain as soon as they shall 
be furnished with Transports and Provisions by his Ex- 
cellency General Gage, or Commander in chief of his 
Majesty's Troops in America. 



153 

Answer. 

The Garrison shall march out with the Honors of 
War: This is due to their Fortitude and Perseverance- 
The non Commission'd Officers & Privates shall ground 
their Arms on the Plain South of the Fort, and imme- 
diately embark on board such Boats as shall be provided 
for that Purpose. The Officers shall keep their Side 
Arms, and their Fire Arms shall be put up in a Box, 
and delivered to them when those unhappy disputes are 
ended if they do not chuse to dispose of them before. 
The Garrison must go to Connecticut Government or 
Such other Province, as the Honourable Continental Con- 
gress shall dired, there to remain till our unhappy differ- 
ences shall be compromised, or till they are exchanged- 
Our Prisoners have been constantly treated with a Broth- 
erly Affedion. The Effeds of the Garrison shall not be 
with held from them. 

Article III. 

An Officer or Quartermaster from each Corps shall be 
allowed to pass to Montreal upon Parole of Honour, 
there to transad and settle the Business of his Respect- 
ive Corps, and to bring up their Baggage Clothing and 
Pay; for which Purpose they shall be furnished with 
Carts and Battaux. 

Answer. 

Agreed to in the fullest Latitude. 

Article IV. 
The Canadian Gentlemen, Inhabitants, and other Per- 
sons residing in this Province, and now at S* John's shall 
be permitted to return immediately to their Respedive 
homes with their Arms and Baggage, & remain secure 
in their Persons and Effeds. 

20 



154 

Answer. 
Answered in the second Article; The Canadian Gen- 
tlemen and others being part of the Garrison. 

Article 5. V. 
The sick and wounded shall be taken proper Care of 
and permitted to join their respective Corps, or return to 
their Respe&ive homes upon their Recovery. 

Answer. 
The sick and wounded shall be taken Care of by 
their own Surgeons, and when recovered follow their 
Respective Corps. 

Article VI. 
As soon as the Above Articles shall be signed Major 
Preston will deliver up the Forts with the Amunition, 
Provisions &c. 

Answer. 
To morrow Morning at 8 o'Clock the Garrison will 
March out having first Collected their Baggage and 
effe&s together, in a convenient Place for embarkation 
and leaving a Guard for its Protection. The Officers 
must be upon Honor with Respecl to their Baggage; 
for should any Canadian, or others effect his escape, his 
baggage shall be given as plunder to the Troops. 

The Quartermaster General with proper Commissaries 
will attend at 8 o'Clock to receive the Artilery, Amu- 
nition, Naval Stores &c. 

The deserters from the Continental Army shall not 
be included in the Stipulation for the Garrison. 

The Commanding Officer to sign and deliver the Ar- 
ticles of Capitulation by sunset this Evening. 
Charles Preston Major 

26 Regiment Comm 1 at 

S fc John's. 
November 3 the Fort Stores and Shiping Ordnance 



155 



&c. were delivered up, and the American Troops took 
Possession of them. The Following is a List of Arms 
Captives, ordnance Military Stores Entrenching Tools 
Provisions and the Like Surrendered with the Forts at 
St John's. 

Officers of the 7 th Regiment 
( Francis Kinneer ( Thomas Hesketh 

Timothy Newmarch < Bailly. 

Peter Dundee ( 5 

Alexander Hay 

George Peacock 

John Freeman killed 

John Despard 

Philip Anstruther 



Cap ts 



Lieu 



th 



26 



Captains 



William Duffee 
Charles Hughes 
John Andrie 

Campbel 
Lieutenants 8 
1 killed 
Regiment taken at S* John's 
Major Charles Preston Commander. 
I Andrew Gordon } Francis Stewart 

j John Strong j John Levingston 

Captain Williams of the Train of 
Artilery. — 1 Major, and 5 Captains. 
\ Lawrence Dulhuntly 
William B. Burrough 
William Richardson 
George Cupbaidge 
Danold M c Donald 
Edward Thomson Ad- 
jutant 
The whole \ 

Number in- ) ^ ne wn °l e Number of Officers 
eluding Wo-f British Soldiers Privates . . . 
men & chil- ) Carpenters Sailors and Canadians 
dren about 
600 



taken 



Lieut 



Edward Willington 
Lieutenants 6 
James Gurdon Ensign 
Ens. Robert Thomas 



28 

4 2 5 

75 



Total, Women & Children excluded 528 



i 5 6 

Add English McCoy Capt of y e Emigrants 
Naval Stores taken. 

The Schooner, called by the Regulars the Brave or 
Royal Savage, of about 70 Tuns full riged pierced for 
14 Guns 6 and four Pounders. 

One Rowgally carrying in her Bow one Brass 24 
Pounder, and pierced for 2 Six Pounders — Besides she 
would have carried 20 Swivels. 

Bataux about 10 or 12 and 11 Bark Canoes, some 
of them were very large. The victorious Americans 
named the Schooner The Yankee, and gave the Name 
of Douglas to the Row Gaily in honor to Commedore 
Douglas. 

Six Anchors and Several Coils of small Riging 8 
Barrels of Pitch, 1 of Rosin 3 Gallons of oil, and 3 or 
four Cags of Painting, and several Hawsers. 

Ordnance and military Stores 

An Account of Captives, Stores Provisions Ordnance 
&c. taken by the Americans at Chambly on the 18 th of 
Octo r 1775. 

Officers taken 
Names. 

Major Stopford 
Cap 1 " Brice 

Godwin 

Lieu 1 Hamer 

Harrison 

Shuttleworth 

Capt Allge of the Sloop at S* John's 

M r M c Cleugh Commissary. 

Soldiers 76 — 84 Soldiers 

Women and Children about . . . 100 



i57 



Provisions, Ordnance & Warlike Stores 



Flower 






80 Barrels 


Rice 






11 D° 


Peas 






7 D° 


Pork 






134 D° 


Damaged 
Butter 






7 D° 

6 Ferkins 


Gun Powder 






124 Barrels 


Swivel Shot 






300 


Musket Balls 






1 Box 


Musket Catriges 
French Arms 




■X- 


1564 
150 


Royal Brass Mortars 
Shells 






3 
61 


Hand Granades 






500 


Arms of the Royal Fuzilears 
Accoutrements for the Same 






83 
83 


Besides there was taken a 
for Vessels, viz. Sails Cables, < 


larg 


e Quantity of Riging 


A Return of Captives Brass and Iron Ordnance and 


Mortars Provisions &c Taken in 


the Forts at S* John's 


November 3 d 1775. 
Captives near 600 
2 — 24 Pounders 
1 — 12 D° 
4— 6 D° 
2—4 D° 3 D° 

found &c 
8— 3 D° 


6 
1 
11 
1 
1 
2 


Iron Canon 

— 9 Pounders 

— 8 D° 

— 6 D° 

— 5 D° 

— 4 D° 
-3D 


— 17 Brass Cannon — 20 


22 
17 


Iron Cannon 


39 Canon Brass and Iron 
in the whole. 



* Another copy by Mr. Trumbull in possession of this Society 
corrects this figure to 6564. 



i 5 8 

} 3 — 5 inches and match fuse Smoke Balls 

>- half Diameter &c. 

) 4 4 and f D° Shiping and water Craft 

One large Schooner pierced 
7 Iron Mortars for ^ Guns Qne G unda- 
2 — 8 inch Howits Brass. low ^ and a Nurnbe r of 
Canon Balls and Shells g atoes 
for Mortars three or four Powder about a Bar- 
Tun, or Cart load. rel l Barrel of Pork 
Small Arms 520 about 6 or ? Barrels of 
Arms for the Peas? and a Small 
French 4 Boxes 200 Quantity of Rice. 



This is the Exaclest 
Account I am able at 



we have taken in 
this Place. 



720 Stands 

Nine Drums, 6 Cutlasses 

, tt ^ 1 Present to give of what 

and 20 Hatchets. . ? 

Since upon a just Sur- 
vey it is judged there are 

, rwT r c-u At Chambly and this Place 

Co or 00 luns 01 Shot / 

j dl 11 r ii 1 • j 1 we have taken a fine 
and Shells, 01 all kinds also 

v iv /r ^ r* Artilery and Powder 

about 40,000 Musquet Cat- ot ., , . ,, , 

.j „ T j Shells and ball enough 

ridges 20 or 30 Cart Load . ° 

t- £ ^u c- o u tor a Considerable 

or 1 un or other Stores Such 

as Catridge Paper Quick ° 

November Third Colonel Easons Regiment Marched 
forwards for Sorrell. 

This Day was Stormy and Principally taken up in 
taking a List and Inventory of the Ordnance Stores &c. 
Considerable Snow fell the Evening following. Satur- 
day November 4 th6 Parties were ordered to work in the 
Forts get the Stores Secured &c. This was a wet heavy 
Day w c prevented the Marching of the Troops. 

Lords Day November 5. The Two Connecticut 



Regiments were ordered to return into the Stores 400 of 
their Poorest Arms and Accutrements and to Receive 
the Same Number of the Kings Arms Cartrige Boxes 
Bayonets &c. They made the Draught. The Cartridge 
Boxes had about 30 Rounds a Piece in them ; some had 
more amounting to the Number of about 12,000. The 
vacancies were this Day filled up by the appointment 
of New officers in s d Regiment. The Same Day Parties 
were ordered to work in the Fort and get out the 
Artilery and Stores necessary for the Siege of Montreal. 
The same Day the first Battalion of the New Yorkers 
had orders to march forwards and marched accordingly. 
Cap 1 Cock is appointed commander of St Johns Forts. 
November Monday 6 th General Wooster's Troops 
were ordered to march for Mountreal. Colonel Water- 
bury with his Regiment marched about 1 1 o'Clock. 
General Woosters marched a Part of them about 1 
o'Clock, and the Rest were detained for want of Carts 
and Carriages to Carry our Baggage. The Day was 
cloudy and heavy and towards • night it rained hard. 
The Roads ever Since Friday have been mud and mire 
and Scarce a Spot of dry Ground for miles together. 
The Land is all Flat in this Country and a great Part 
of it drowned Lands for 50 or an 100 miles on End. 
Our People have lived in mud and mire most of the 
Time since they began the Siege. There is but little 
Settled weather in these Parts this Season of y e year, 
our men Sometimes have been Wet near Twenty Days 
together. The Fatigues and hardships of the Men 
During a Siege of Fifty Days have been unusually 
hard, they lay in a Swamp, and traveled a great Part of 
the Time in mud & Water had an obstinate Enemy to 
Encounter, well Skilled in Defence, well Secured by 



i6o 

strong Works, well Supplied with Military Stores, and 
had a fine Artilery as well as a large Number of men to 
defend their Forts. Notwithstanding God delivered 
them into our Hands and y* with the Loss of few Men, 
not more than 20 ever being Lost in the whole Siege 
and in all the Rencounters they had with the Enemy 
from first to last. Few were Sick for the Season and 
Scarce any who have been Sick have died in the Camp 
during the whole Time. So few perhaps at this Seaj son | 
and in this Country were ever known to die out of 
Such an Army. These Things all Show the Wonderful 
Goodness of God and the most Conspicuous Interposi- 
tions of a Divine hand. And what has rendered this 
Good[ness] of God Still more remarkable, and proclaimed 
his Patience and LongsufFering even to Astonishment, 
has been its Triumphing and reigning over the greatest 
Wickedness. Perhaps there never was a more ill gov- 
erned Profane and Wicked army among a People of 
Such Advantages, on Earth. 

It is Supposed by the Enemy that they fired during 
the Siege 2,500 Shells, and as many Balls, and yet with 
all this dreadful fire 20 only were killed. 

It is 12 Days Since I have been on this Ground and 
amidst the Terrible fire which has been kept up two 
only have been killed; those were of the Artilery men 
under the Command of Capt Lamb: New Yorkers. 
The other was of Colonel Eason Regiment, he died on 
his march from the South encampment to this Place, he 
had been unwell and seemed to die of Fatigue being in 
a Weak State. One of the other[s] was killed at the 
Breast Work November 1 st the other was mortally 
wounded and lived only about 9 Hours. 



i6i 

The Night of Monday 6 Nov r was very Stormy and 
Tempestuous the Ground in and all Round the incamp- 
ments and in the Fort was muddy & in a manner 
drowned with Water. 

Tuesday 7 th Nov 1 " the Rain ceased the wind hailed 
Round into the West, and there was an appearance of 
the approach of fair Weather. The Rest of General 
Woosters Regiment Expected to march this Day, but 
no carriages came in to carry our Baggage which Pre- 
vented. The men were employed to-day in moving 
canon collecting Stores in the Fort, and getting out 
Canon & Balls, &c for the Siege of Montreal: a Num- 
ber of fine Brass Field Pieces were brought this Even- 
ing from the Fort and came down as far as our North 
Encampment with Powder and Shot to Supply them. 

8 th Wednesday, Was warm and cloudy, we were not 
able to march this Day for want of Carriages for our 
Baggage. This Day the Cannon were moved from the 
North West Battery to Water in order to proceed down 
the Lake in Bataux for Montreal. Stores and Several 
Pieces of Canon were forwarded for the Same Service 
and Captain Lamb with the Artilery and Artilery Com- 
pany, and a Small Guard marched for Montreal. 

Thursday November 9 Cloudy but Warm & Pleas- 
ant for this Season and for this Climate. The men on 
the Ground are employed in loading the Heavy Artilery, 
Carriages, and Shells Balls &c into Bataux. Towards 
Night the Canon & Some Stores fell down the Lake 
and went on to Chambly. It begins to rain, the Ways 
are dirty and Slippery so that it is difficult to Walk 
without falling. The Whole Country is water and 
mud & not a dry Spot to be found. The Night is 
very Stormy. 



l62 

Friday Nov r 10. The Ground is covered with Snow 
& it is yet rainy and Snowy. Some of the Regulars 
Wives and Children this morning came up from Mon- 
treal in a miserable Plight, Women badly clothed, Chil- 
dren bare foot and almost naked & covered almost with 
Mud and Water, and have in these Circumstances to go 
on 400 miles to New England. My Heart pitied them, 
and I wished to be able to help them. 

Th[r]ough Continual Fatigue and Wet Weather, our 
Soldiers fall Sick very Fast. There are now in the three 
Connecticut Regiments 210 or more Officers and Sol- 
diers Sick. One was buried yesterday out of the York 
4 th Batalion this is the 4 th who has died on the Ground 
Since my arrival at S l . Johns. This Day the Baggage 
of the Regulars loading 30 or 4[o] Wagons passed 
us on the Way to New England. The whole day wet 
and uncomfortable. The men on the Ground are em- 
ployed in gathering up Entrenching Tools Shot &c, and 
in conveying them to the Fort, and in Securing the 
Powder of w c there were more than an 100 Barrels to be 
moved into the fort, which had been placed in Stores, 
but badly built for that Purpose during the Siege. This 
Day Ensign Fisk came in with 3 or 4 French Prison- 
ers, from Le Praire. 

Saturday November 1 1 th Anno 1775. 

This morning is cold and Sower, the Ground is white 
with Snow, and it rains and Snows, bids fair for a Tem- 
pestuous Season. 

Colonel Ward rallies his Regiment early in order to 
march to Le Praire, Part of our Baggage was loaded 
and some Tents Struck; but Colonel Bedle ordered it 
all to be unloaded, and would suffer nothing to go 



1 63 

forward belonging to General Woosters Regiment ex- 
cepting Some Part of the Quartermasters Stores. 

Seing that the Regiment were not like to march and 
looking upon it important that the General should know 
our Situation, at a quarter after 1 1 o'Clock I determined 
to march forward for Le Praire and began my March 
with two Soldiers for my Pilots. I arrived at Le Praire 
18 Miles from S\ John's just as it began to be dark. I 
marched the whole of the Day in Mud and Water some- 
times midleg high and in general over Shoe carried a 
Small Pack a Case of Pistols by my Side, with my Gun 
Cartouch Box &c. The whole Day was Stormy it 
rained and Snowed, till about Sunset, when the Snow 
and rain ceased and the Wind blew up raw and Cold at 
North West. Under our Feet was Snow and Ice and 
Water, over our Heads Clouds Snow and rain, before 
us the mountains appeared all white with Snow and Ice. 
It was remarkable to See the Americans after almost in- 
finite Fatigues and Hardships marching on at this ad- 
vanced Season, badly clothed, and badly provided for to 
Montreal, pressing on to New Seiges and new Con- 
quests. This Day the Entrenching Tools came on and 
in the afternoon Colonel Ward With yt Part of Gen- 
eral Woosters Regiment which had been left behind 
began his March for Le Praire. I was very "wet and 
Weary, got into a Small Warm Room, dried my Feet 
and clothes and had a Comfortable Night. 

This day the Generals who arrived at Lepraire on 
Wednesday the 8 th Instant, passed the River S fc . Law- 
rence about nine miles from Montreal and Landed on 
S\ Pauls Island. The Field Pieces and light Artilery 
came up the Night before, the Evening of the 10 th In- 
stant. A Considerable Part of the Army Passed the 



164 

River with them and landed without Opposition. Of 
the Connecticut Troops Part of General Woosters Regi- 
ment, and Colonel Waterbury's Went over, on this first 
Embarkation: there were not Boats for the other 
Troops. 

Lords Day November 12 was a cold Blustering Day, 
wind at Northwest, cloudy and Sower, difficult Passing 
the River on account of the Wind and Current w c is 
rapid and Strong. Colonel Ward comes in to Day with 
his Party, and the Troops w c had crossed the River, with 
the Generals. Marched into the Subarbs of Montreal 
and Encamped just without the City. 

Monday November 13. The Generals marched into 
the City just at Evening. The Citizens before their 
Entrance Proposed Terms of Capitulation, but the Gen- 
erals observed that y y had no Right to any Capitulation. 
That y y had no men to defend them no Artilery or any 
means of Defence; that the Troops came not as Ene- 
mies but as Friends to prated them, and as y y pretended 
to be affraid that the Troops would Plunder them they 
Assured them that they should not be plundered but 
should be Safe in their Persons and Estates. 

Towards Night the cold increased and the Ground 
by morning was much more dring [dry] than it had 
been and the Streets which had been over Shoe in Mire 
were so Stiffened y t it was tolerably dry and Comforta- 
ble Walking. 

Monday Morning Nov r . 13 th . It is Still Cloudy the 
Wind Northwest and quite blowy and blustering: It is 
on this Account difficult Passing the River. Our men 
yet abide jn Tents both officers and Common Soldiers 
are cold and endure much hardship. No Particular 



165 

orders are yet received from the Generals as to the 
Troops on this Side. 

The Generals with that Part of the army w c had 
Landed with y m at S\ Pauls Island, just at Night 
entered the City of Montreal. Orders were Sent over 
for the Soldiers at Le Praire to come over to Montreal. 
I passed over just at Night. 

Tuesday November 14 th 1775. This was a fair Pleas- 
ant Day for the Season. The Troops w c were come for- 
ward from S*. John's to Lepraire Generally passed over 
the River to the City. 

Incouragements were published yesterday and to Day 
[to] enlist the Connecticut Troops anew. And General 
Montgomery declared his Willingness to give papers to 
Such as were disposed to return while he Thanked the 
Troops for their Good Services. 

Governor Carlton on Saturday evening when our Men 
were marching into the Confines of the City Left it 
with his Regulars [ajmounting to about 80 in Number, 
with Some Canadians who had entered into the Measures 
of the Ministry, fell down the River with Eleven Ships 
and vessels One with nine Pounders 2, and a Number 
of Smaller Guns another with 4 guns &c, there are a 
very considerable Number of Guns but their Number 
and y e Bigness of the Ships and Guns I cannot deter- 
mine, only thus far that their Heaviest Mettal is 2 9 
Pounders, before his Departure he destroyed most of 
the Bataux belonging to the King distributed among 
the nobless and one Way or other conveyed away almost 
the whole of the Kings Stores, and Spiked all the 
Canon they Left and filled them with Balls &c Some 
Houses which had been built for the Kings Service 
they damaged, braking out the Windows and Sashes 



1 66 

taring up the Floors, &c. Orders were given by Gen- 
eral Prescot to burn them but on the application of 
Some Gentlemen of the Town representing that it would 
expose the whole Town to be consumed in one general 
Conflagration, he declared that Such a Thing as burning 
Said Houses had never entered into his Heart, and En- 
quired who had given such Orders; they told him Gen- 
eral Prescot. He however countermanded the Orders. 
General Carlton is said to have some Humanity, dis- 
avows his having ever set the Savages on the Americans. 
The Harsh and inhumane Things w c have been done this 
Way are rather ascribed to General Prescot, S\ Luke 
La-Corn Cap*. Frasier and others of their Character and 
the Nobless. 

Wednesday November 15 th . Snows and is a very 
Stormy Day the Streets extremely miry & dirty. The 
troops have no wood nor Provisions this Morning, are 
very impatient, are averse to enlisting and long to be 
dismissed home. The whole day was very Stormy the 
Wind North East and a Steady fall of Snow. The 
Evening was more Tempestuous than the preceeding 
Day. 

M r Levingston who had been dispatched on Mon- 
day Evening the 13 Instant to the mouth of the Sorell 
about 45 Miles from Montreal to assist in Stoping Gov r . 
Carlton and his Fleet, who left the City the Saturday 
Evening, Sent an Express to General Montgomery 
acquainting him, that Gov r . Carlton and his Fleet had 
not Passed the Batteries at the Sorrel. That 4 Twelve 
Pounders had arrived & one 9 Pounder in Addition to 
the Two Six Pounders which had been before fixed in a 
Two Gun Battery : That three of the Twelve Pounders 
and the 9 Pounder were fixed in a New Battery to good 



i6y 

Advantage; that one Twelve Pounder was fixed in a 
large Gundalo with a number of Swivel Guns, and that 
She waited in the Midst of the River for the Fleet, that 
all things were in Readiness to receive it in a Warm 
Manner and y* no Pains would be Spared to Stop it. 
The Messenger who came with the Letter said the Ships 
were drawn up on a Line about one mile on this Side 
our Batteries. . 

This Evening being the Evening preceding the pub- 
lick Thanksgiving, I meditated on the various Occur- 
ances of the Past Year w c Demand my Praise and 
Thanksgiving; I reflect how my Family are employed 
how they wish to have their Head with them to lead in 
the Work* of Praife, and what a meloncholly Time 
it is with them, and Pray God in his Great Mercy to 
Support y m , direct them, and fill them and me with 
Gratitude, preserve us and bring us together again in 
his good Time. I pray God to bless my People and to 
assist them in the Duties of the Morrow. 

Thursday Nov r . 16 th . I wake early and Praise God 
for the Mercies which he has bestowed on me in Life, 
and especially for all his goodness to me and my Family 
Since the Last Thanksgiving, wish to keep the Day but 
can only Bless God for his Goodness to me & my coun- 
try, shall soon be crowded with Company. There is no 
Disposition here to religious Duties. We have not had 
one Day of Thanksgiving or one publick Prayer or- 
dered for all the victories of this Season. I hate such 
Company and ardently wish for the Return of Seasons 
of Domestick and publick Worship. The Day is very 
Stormy; a Letter arrived to day from Colonel Eason ac- 
quainting the General that Gov r . Carlton had attempted 

* Sic. 



i68 

to pass our Batteries, but had been Repulsed and one of 
his Ships greatly Damaged. That they had moved up 
the River about two Leagues: That Some of the Ships 
had attempted to Land Some of their men and Effects 
but were attacked by a French Captain with such 
bravery y 1 y y were not able to effect their Design. 

Just at Night I took my Leave of the General and 
Friends a£ Montreal and passed the River below the 
City about Sunset. Travelled up through Snow Ice 
and mud to Le Praire, was wet & mudy almost to my 
knees and much fatigued. 

Friday Nov r 17 th . A Cloudy raw day, so bad travel- 
ling that y e Canadians cannot be perswaded to carry our 
Baggage and we know not what to Do. 

I hope in God's Help and mercy. 

I have offered four Dollars only to have my Chest 
carried from Le Praire to S\ John's but could not 
obtain it. The Weather is cold the Ground covered 
with Snow and all things Put on the Appearance of 
Winter. I am unwell and between three and four 
Hundred miles from Home. At 8 o'clock in the Even- 
ing the clouds dissipate and the Air becomes clear, and 
the Cold increases. 

Saturday Nov r 18 th . A clear cold morning. I am 
not so Well as I was yesterday. I am Sick at my Stom- 
ach and distressed in my Bowels with some Fever, but I 
trust and believe in God y* he will direct all y 1 concerns 
me in the best manner. To him I commit myself and 
Family and all that Concerns me. 

At 20 Minutes after 10 having Luckily got a man to 
carry my Baggage to S\ John's I marched from Le 
Praire for that Post, on my March I was met with a 
Horse by a Gentleman who Earnestly importuned me to 



169 

go to Chambly and marry his Daughter. His reasons 
were such as that I thought it my Duty to go with him, 
and Married William Morison and Mary Grajo, was 
genteely treated received a half Johannes and returned 
to S\ John's about 8 o'Clock. Though the Day had 
been clear and fair it was overcast in the Evening and 
bid fair for a Storm. General Wooster's and Colonel 
Waterbury's Regiments arrived this Evening at S 1 . 
John's. 



Letter of Benjamin Trumbull. 

Camp North of S\ Johns 
Friday 6 o' in the Morning Nov r 3 d , 1775. 
Honoured Sir, 

General Wooster with the Troops under his Com- 
mand, after an Expeditious and fatiguing March, arrived 
in the Camp, on the west side of the Lake, South of 
S*. Johns, the 26 th of O&ober. The next Day we 
passed the Lake and marched down about three Miles 
on the West Side of the Lake about One Mile and an 
half below the Fort. The principal Part of the Army 
which had encamped on the west of the Lake South of 
S*. Johns marched down and joined us the Next Day 
and the Two Generals pitched their Tents in this 
Encampment. The following Night the ground was 
marked out for a New Breast Work and Battery on an 
advantageous rising ground about Eighty Rods North 
West of the Fort; two hundred men were employed in 
ere&ing the Battery and that night Raised the Works 
four feet high so that it Served as a tolerable cover. 
The canon and heavy baggage were put on board the 
Water Craft and [pasjsed the fort in the night. The 



170 

Time from Sunday morning 'till Wednesday was spent 
in clearing roads in preparing the platforms drawing up 
Canon to the Breastwork, carrying up Shot and warlike 
stores and in making Catriges for the Army and in fill- 
ing Shells. General Wooster finding that the artillery 
men were too weak ha[n]ded, and not sufficient to cary 
on the cannonading and Bumbarding so warmly and 
Expeditiously as he desired, made a draught out of the 
Connecticut Troops who had been most used to Gunery 
Set them to makin Catridges and appointed them to asist 
in managing the Guns, w ch they did to good purpose. 
These things greatly forwarded the Work and made the 
Canonade much more terrible than it could otherwise 
have been. On Wednesday morning the North west 
Battery was opened between the Hours of nine and Ten 
when this and the East Battery kept up a terrible and 
almost incessant Fire on the Fort for about 6 Hours. 
In this Time it is supposed y* We fired about a thousand 
canon Ball, and more than an Hundred Shells. The 
firing ceased about an Hour by Sun, and the General 
sent a Truce with a Letter to the Commander of the 
Garrison proposing Favourable Terms if he would give 
up the Fort, they answered the Letter and next Day a 
treaty commenced, and about Nine o'Clock the Last 
Evening the Articles of Capitulation were signed, and 
at 8 o'Clock this morning the Garrison are to march out 
with their Arms to the Parade and lay them down, and 
our Troops are to take possession of the Fort, and to 
deliver all the Kings Stores Arms Ordinance Sniping &c 
to us. They are to have their Baggage and to remain 
Prisoners of War 'till the present Troubles shall be set- 
tled, or till they Shall be exchanged for other Prisoners. 
Several Things have contributed not a Little to this 



171 

important acquisition. The Arrival of General Woos- 
ter and his troops, his great activity and Engagedness 
in the Service, as well as that of his men, animated and 
gave a Spring to the whole Army, and served to in- 
timidate the Enemy. The taking of Chamblee with so 
many Prisoners and such large Stores, on the 16 \jic\ of 
O&ober contributed its Influence, to this happy Event, 
and especially the Defeat of Governor Carlton at Longale 
on the 30 th of O&ober, by Colonel Warner. Governor 
Car[l]ton with about 800 Men attempted to cross the 
River and Land at Longale, Major Warner with 300 
brave Fellows opposed his Landing for five Hours till 
Night came on and Carlton with his Party withdrew. 
Four Indians were found dead on a small Island on 
which some of them Landed, two were taken Prisoners 
with two Canadians, some arms and a few other Things 
of no great Consequence. Colonel Warner had one 
Four Pounder w c was well Served and it is Supposed 
did great Execution. There was very remarkable inter- 
position of Divine Providence in this affair [ 
not one man either Killed or wounded. The Prisoners 
were brought up to S l . Johns, and the Regular Officers 
were allowed to Examine the French men and made 
them Sware upon the Holy Evangelists to the Truth of 
what they Related. These Events together with the 
Terrible fire we made upon them the Day before Deter- 
mined them to comply with our Terms. 

If I can get a Copy of the Articles of Capitulation, 
and an Inventory of the Ordnance Stores, &c. at S\ 
John's before the Express is sent off I shall inclose them 
to your Honour in this. 

[General Woo]ster though he is not insensible that 
he is abused by not having his Rank in the Continental 



172 

Army pursues the general good of the country with great 
Stead [fastnejss and vigour. There appears to be great 
Harmony between him and | other] Generals. General 
Montgomery does nothing of importance without Gen- 
eral Woosters advice ; and though there has not been 
that harmony by any means in the Army w c is absolutely 
necessary in Order to having measures prosecuted with 
vigour and Success, yet all those uneasinesses seem to 
have subsided on General Woosters arrival, and great 
Harmony now prevails in the Army. The whole Army 
now at S*. Johns does not exceed two Thousand effect- 
ive Men. One half of this Number belong to Con- 
necticut. There are about 700 hundred men at Longail, 
Chambly & Le-Praire. A Number must be left at this 
Post to repair the BuildingjY], Fort and Shiping, a 
Number more must be sent off with the Prisoners, so 
that I imagine we shall not be more than 2,300 or 
2,400 Strong, if we all join at Montreal. The prospers 
are so fair that it is Determined to proceed on with the 
Army toMorrow for that Post Horses and Teams are 
preparing with all Expedition to carry forward Canon, 
Boats, Provisions &c. to that Post. The Souldiery are 
very healthy considering the great Fatigues and hard- 
ships they have to endure, and I believe will go forward 
with good Spirits notwithstanding the Season is so far 
advanced. Our Men have had such a Taste of the Offi- 
cers in the New York department, that I am persuaded 
they would never proceed any further were not General 
Wooster with them, and I believe it will be impossible 
ever to enlist them to Serve this Way again under any 
Officers but their own ; and perhaps it is well worthy 
of Consideration, whether the Common Cause will not 



173 

Suffer should not General Wooster, before another Sea- 
son, have his Rank in the Army. 

I beg leave to Congratulate your honour on the 
Success of the American Arms in this Part of the 
Continent, and to subscribe myself with great Esteem 
and [corjdiality your Honors obliged Friend, and most 
obedient Humble Servant, 

Benjamin Trumbull. 



JOURNAL 

OF THE 

CAMPAIGN AT NEW YORK 

1776-7 



[By Benjamin Trumbull] 



(175) 



[Cover leaf missing, with the beginning of the diary.J 

and apparent Friendship, earnestly invited you 

on Board the Fleet, and intimated that Lord Howe had 
Instructions enabling him to reconcile all Matters, if 
there were in us any Disposition to reconciliation. The 
American Officers had no Instructions to go on Board 
and therefore declined it. Lord Howe said General 
Washington's Message contained Matters of so Serious 
a Nature that he wanted Time to give an Answer, and 
desired they would not exped: it till Tomorrow. 

The same Day a Flag was sent to Amboy with Let- 
ters to the Governors of the Continent, excepting those 
of New England, with Lord Howes Proclamation of 
Pardon to all such as would lay down their Arms, and 
swear Allegiance to his British Majesty; and intimating 
the ample Powers with which his Lordship was vested 
to receive any Governments, Bodies of men, or Individ- 
uals into the Kings Protection on their Laying down 
their Arms and asking Pardon. These Letters were 
sent to General Washington, and by him forwarded to 
the Congress. By these Letters it appears, That, we are 
not to expe6t any Thing from them but Devastation 
and slaughter unless we absolutely submit to their Will. 

July 16 th 1776. Towards Night the Flag expected 
from Lord Howe came up brought two Letters one to 
Lieut. Colonel Camel,* in answer to his at Boston, and 
another Directed to George Washington Esq r . &c, &c> 
&c. As it did not give the General his Title he would 
not receive it. 



* Sir Archibald Campbell, taken prisoner in Boston Harbor just after 
Howe left it, March 17 previous. 

23 (177) 



. 178 

Friday July 19 th . A Flag came from Lord Howe 
desiring a personal interview with some principal Offi- 
cers of the Army. General Washington appointed the 
Next Day for an Interview with their Adjutant General. 

On Saturday July 20 th Adjutant came up again and 
was Met by Genral Washington and several of the 
other Generals of the united States. His Tarry was 
about 15 Minutes. Nothing very material passed be- 
tween them. 

Saturday July 20 th . General Washing| ton | had an 
Express bringing a Letter from General Lee, acquaint- 
ing him with the Defeat of the British Fleet and Army 
before Charlestown. Several Capital Ships were much 
Damaged, a frigate 28 Guns abandoned, burnt and 
blown up. 172 of the Enemy killed and wounded. 
Among these were several Officers ot Consequence. 

Lords Day July 21 st . There was some firing between 
the British and Continental Troops at Bergens Point, 
but nothing very material happened. 

Tuesday July 23 rd an Account arrived from Phila- 
delphia, that Lord Dunmore was driven from Gwyns 
Island : Three Tenders fell into the Hands of the Ameri- 
cans, Three vessels, two small ones and one large one 
Supposed to be the Dunmore was burnt by the Enemy. 
Several of the Enemys soldiers and officers were killed 
or wounded. 150 Graves and 12 Dead Negroes were 
found there, one Piece of Canon, one Tent &c. 

Some of the Regulars who went up the River, some 
Time Since, attempted to pass the Battery at the High 
Lands, but received Damage and returned. They landed 
some of their men at Peeks Kill, burnt the House of M r 
John Lilly and a field of corn; A Number of the Militia 
attacked and killed Seven of them without any Loss, 
on their Side. 



179 

July 24 th . This Day the Declaration of Lord Vis- 
count Howe of the Kingdom of Ireland * was pub- 
lished in one of the New York Gazett's. Five Died 
Sabbath Day and Monday out of the General Hospital. 

July 25 th . Yesterday a Man Died out of Colonel 
Gay's Regiment in Brigadier Wadswowrths Brigade, 
three more I understand out of the General Hospital. 

Saturday July 27 th . Timothy Cadwell of Cap* Sedg- 
wicks Company departed this life. He belonged to 
Hartford West Division, and was about 21 Years of 
Age. 

The same Day one Died out of Colonel Seldens 
Regiment. 

Monday July 29 th . Abraham Ives of Wallingford 
Aged about 22 years died. He was in Cap 1 Brockets 
Company in Colonel Douglasses Regiment. 

Saturday 7, Sabbath Day 5 or Six and Monday 10 
Sail came up through the Narrows and joined the Fleet 
at Staten Island. The Latter Part of Last Week and 
the Beginning of this Three Row-Gallies from Connect- 
icut, and Two from Providence arrived at New York. 

A Considerable Number of Troops arrived also from 
Massachusets Bay. 

This Day Two large Fire ships were ordered round 
into the North River. Three Gallies also put round 
into the Same River; and Captain Stanton took out 
two Nine Pounders, and took in two eighteen D° and 
began to get in Readiness to move into the said River 
after them. 

fJuly 30 th the Two Row Gallies from Connecticut 
which had been Stationed about the City of New York 
having taken in Heavy Guns and being Supplied with 

* Sic. f " June " in text : an obvious slip. 



i So 

all Necessaries for Action hailed round into the North 
River and sailed up the River in the Night. 

August 1 st . The Two Galleys from Providence got 
round into the North River, and Sailed up the River. 
The New York and 2 of the Connecticut Gallies went 
up as far as Kings Bridge some Days before. 

August 1 st . Between 20 and 30 Sail of Ships came 
up the Narrows, and joined Lord Hows Fleet. 

The Same Day the Chevaux De Frize, and Four 
Large Ships were got down some in to the North River, 
and some off against Governors Island South of the 
Town. This Day Sergeant Phinehas Hough of Wal- 
lingford in Co 1 . Douglasses Regiment Departed this Life, 
in the 31 st Year of his Life, leaving a bereaved Widow 
and three Children. 

The Evening of the same Day Joined in Wedlock 
Anderson and Mary Ann Cooper. 

August 2 nd . A Regiment of Soldiers came in from 
the Massachusets. 

3 rd D°. The Chevaux De Frize was got round into 
the North River. 

August 3 d . The Six Row Gallies Enraged the Kings 
Ships up Hudsons River for about one Hour and an 
Half. Receiving Some Damage they drew off in order 
to refit and engage them again. They Lost one or two 
men and had several Badly wounded. 

D°. 4 th . 15 Sail of the Enemies Ships came up and 
Joined Lord Howes Fleet on Staten Island. 

D°. Eliab Hall of Wallinford belonging to Cap 1 
Bunnels Company departed this Life Aged about 21 
Years. 

The 4 th . and fifth the Chevaux De frize's were got up 
the North River about as far as Fort Washington, & 



181 



about the 6 & Seventh were sunk in the Chanel off 
against that Fort. From the third to the 10 Ships and 
Chevaux De frizes were Hailing round, and making up 
the North River to Said Place and men were constantly 
employed in Sinking them. 

August 6 th . A Man died out of Colonel Sages Reg- 
iment, belonging to Killingley. 

Toward the Evening of the 8 th Three Frigates fell 
down through the Narrows, and in the Night it is said 
about 30 Sail of Transports went out with them. This 
occasioned an Alarm in the Army about Midnight. It 
is Supposed that these Ships and Transports are going 
round into the Sound in order to Stop our Communica- 
tion that Way, and to land an Army on the East of us 
above King's Bridge to act in concert with the Fleet 
[and] Army which are to go up North River, and so cut 
off the Retreat of the whole Army if they can. 

August 9 th . 900, or a 1000 men arrived from Mary 
Land, in the Evening One Company arrived from the 
New Jersey, Part of General Herd's Brigade. 

The Same Day a Soldier Died in Colonel Sages 
Regiment, and another in Colonel Douglasses Regiment. 
One a more Regiment has arrived from the Massachu- 
sets. Three in the whole have arrived from thence. 

August 10 th . Part of A Regiment arrived from New 
Jersies. 

Sunday August 1 1 th . A Fleet of Sixty Sail appeared 
at the Hook and off at Sea. 

Monday ] 2 th . between Sixty and Seventy Sail of 
Ships of War and transports arrived at Staten Island, and 
Many Canon were fired from the Ships. 

They have now a large Fleet and Army. Our Fire 
Ships are all ready and we are waiting for a Suitable 
Wind to run down with them. 



I 82 

Monday 12 th . Isaac Ford of Captain Isham's Com- 
pany in Colonel Chesters Regiment Died of a Byleous 
Fever. 

Two died the Same Day in Colonel Selden's Regi- 
ment, and one in Colonel Silliman's. 

Thursday August 15 th . One Dickinson Died out of 
Colonel Douglasses Regiment. He was of Cap 1 Hig- 
gins Company, and belonged to Hadam. 

The Enemy this Day were discovered to be very Busy 
in getting men on board their Ships. 40 Transports 
were moored and lay off receiving men on board down 
towards the Narrows. Boats were seen so thick on the 
Waters and there was so much passing & repassing that 
it seemed almost as though there had been a Bridge of 
Boats a forming across the Waters. Deserters which 
come from the Enemy represent that they despise the 
Americafn] Army, and expect to make an easy Con- 
quest of them at once. They the report that they Care 
neither for our Numbers, nor our Preparations. They 
Bost themselves on Conquering us as though they had 
put off the Harness. 

O God plead our Cause against them; humble their 
Pride and Save thy People with the Right Hand of thy 
Power. 

The Evening before the 15 th the General expe&ed, 
that the Enemy would attack us the Nex| 1 1 Morning 
and gave orders for the Form of Battle. But a heavy 
rain and contrary wind probably prevented their attack- 
ing us. 

Friday Morning 16 th . The Wind is against the 
Enemy. 

Two Small Fire Ships which had been sent up the 
North River in order to burn the Ships and Tenders on 



i*3 

the River made an attempt upon the Enemy, grapled 
one of the fire vessels to the Phenix, and the other to 
one of the Tenders. The Tender took fire and burnt 
up, the Phenix Cut herself Loose and got away not 
much Damaged. The fire vessel was too Small and the 
Season was very Still or She would have Shared the 
Same Fate with the Tender. 

Many Troops are arriving in Town. Two or three 
Battalions from the Southward came in yesterday and to 
Day, and part of Several Regiments from Connecticut, of 
the Militia of y* State. 

Saturday 17 th . The Wind holds Still against the 
Enemy and Troops arrive fast from Connecticut. 

Sunday 18 th . Rainy and Wind at North East Fresh 
against the Enemy. The Ships up the River came down 
with a Smart Wind and Tide were fired upon from all our 
Batteries very briskly but got by, apparently without any 
great Damage they Fired very Smartly upon the Batter- 
ies and Town but hurt no man, nor did any Damage 
except firing through a few Houses, w c did very little 
Mischief. 

Monday 19 th . The Rain abates, but the Wind re- 
mains yet unfavourable for the Enemy, and The Army 
have another Day for Business. They are employed in 
raising Breastworks, and in Sinking Ships in the Narrow 
Channel between the City and Governor's Island. More 
of the Militia come in to Day. A Regiment From old 
Windsor and the adjacent Towns came in towards Night, 
and also Col 1 Wadsworths Regiment. 

This Day Sergeant Oliver Treat, and Oliver Stevens 
both of Colonel Chester's Regiment died at the Regi- 
mental Hospital. 

Tuesday August 20 th . A Calm pleasant Day, the 



1 84 

Wind right to bring on the Enemy, though hardly 
brisk enough. We exped them this Morning. The 
Day passeth without any Disturbance from the Enemy. 
Some Companies of Militia come in this Day from 
Conne&icut, a Number of Ships were Sunk this Day 
between the City and Governor's Island. 

21 st . a Pleasant Day and wind fair for the Enemy. 
But they do not attack us, a great Number of their 
Ships and Transports fall down through the Narrows 
and make dispositions as though they would Land on 
the Island which is doubtless their Design. 

This Night about 8 o'Clock comes on a most terrible 
Storm of Thunder and Lightning. Several Houses in 
the City were Struck with Lightning. The old City 
Hall in Particular and a large House in w c were a Num- 
ber of the Connecticut Militia. One man was killed 
outright and three more much hurt. Several Boxes of 
Catridges took fire by the Lightning in the Same House 
and blew up. Three Officers, One Captain, one Lieu- 
tenant and an Ensign of Colonel MacDougalls Batalion 
were killed together in one Tent. Lieut Homes of 
Ashford in Colonel Chesters Hospital, aged 53 years 
departed this Life, and John Goodyear of Colonel 
Douglas's Regiment died the Same Day. 

August 22. There is this morning a great Motion of 
the Enemy. Many Transports and Some Heavy Ships 
fall down through the Narrows and before noon begin 
to Land on Long Island. The out Posts of the Conti- 
nental Army Set Fire to the Corn buildings &c before 
the Enemy which make a great Smoke and Show. The 
Account this Day is that four or five Thousands are 
landed on the Island. It is probable to me that more 
than double that Number have or will soon Land there, 



1*5 

as it appears to me that half the Transports or more are 
gone out through the Narrows. Huntingtons, Tylers, 
& Silimans Regiments were ordered on to Long Island 
with a Regiment of Riflemen, and were Transported 
across with much Expedition. 

Colonel Sages also passed over to Governors Island. 
Colonel Chesters was ordered to be in readiness to pass 
over to the Island, and Colonel Wyllys's and one Bat- 
talion of the New Yorkers. 

August 23. There were Colonel Wyllys's and Colo- 
nel Chesters Regiments ordered to march for the Island 
and between Twelve and one OClock they Passed over 
to said Island. Colonel Lashers Battalion the 1 Batalion 
of the New York Militia soon crossed after them ; and 
the third Batalion of New Yorkers also passed over to 
resist the Enemy. 

This Day Ebenezer Cook died out of Col 1 . Doug- 
lasses H[ospital]. Several Rencounters happened be- 
tween the Enemy and the Troops of the united State [s] 
this Day. In the Forenoon 300, or 400, advantageously 
posted were driven from their Post by the continental 
Troops 20 or 30 Cattle taken from them and Some 
Grain and buildings burnt which y y had taken posession 
of. In the Afternoon a more general Firing happened 
with the Enemy in w c they were worsted and retreated 
about half a Mile. A number of Officers hangers were 
taken and one Dead Body. A Number of Houses were 
deserted by the Enemy, and fired by our Troops, with 
Stacks of Grain &c 

Saturday August 24 th . Our Troops and the Enemy 
Canonade and Fire at each other; but nothing very 
material happens. Their Camp apears Large, consist- 
ing of many Thousands, it Seems of a great Part of the 

24 



1 86 

Enemies Army. Two or three Regiments more from the 
Continental Army were ordered onto the Island, and 
passed over in the Afternoon. Some few were wounded 
both yesterday and to Day by the Enemy. One died 
of his Wounds this Day. Colonel Martin of one of 
the Jersey Battalions very badly wounded. 

Sabbath Day August 25 th . Several Battalions pass 
over to Long Island ; and advanced Parties keep Skir- 
mishing with each other, and Some few are killed and 
wounded on either Side. The Enemy appear to be en- 
trenching in the Plain Country and our Troops fortify 
on the Hills around y m . We had at New York a 
quiet Sabbath I preached three Sermons. The Evening 
and Night were very rainy. We have had of late 
much wet Weather. This Day Sergeant Curtice Died 
out of Colonel Chesters Regiment. 

Monday August 26 th . The Regulars began in the 
afternoon to advance in Large Colums up towards flat 
Bush, and some were seen to file off towards the Grand 
Road to New-Town &c. Some Skirmishing happened 
but nothing very material passed. 

27. Tuesday Morning as early as three o'Clock Our 
Out Posts were some of them attacked, and it Soon ap- 
peared that the Enemy by a Strategem, had passed a 
road on our Left and brought on their [*? ] Light Horse 
and Light Infantry, so as to surround our Men, and Lord 
Sterling with a considerable party of Men, who went 
out to his Assistance, were flanked and in a manner 
Surround them so that many of them were killed and 
taken, Lord Sterling is missing, and General Sullivan, 
Colonel Was Killed, Colonel Clark is missing and 

many other officers. Colonel Huntingtons Regiment a 
great Part of them are missing. All our out Posts were 
Lost, and the Enemy advanced near the Lines. 



1 87 

Aug. 28. Wednesday Morning about 3 o'Clock 
General Parsons got into our Lines having made his 
Escape from the Enemy with Seven men only. He had 
to fight through the Enemy as he says Six or Seven 
Times. 

Thursday August 29 th . it was determined by a Coun- 
sil of War to attempt a Retreat from Long Island if 
possible. Orders were out in the afternoon for the Reg- 
iments* that had been on the Lines for Several Days to 
Parade at Seven OClock at the Head of their Regi- 
ments,* when they Should be relieved by a Number 
of Troops w c it was represented were to arrive under 
General Mercer. 

All the afternoon Things were embarking on Board 
out of the Sight of the Enemy and as soon as ever the 
Dusk of the Evening favoured the regiments began to 
embark in vessels Boats &c. for N. York, and passed 
with great Expedition and they kept embarking and 
passing all Night as fast as possible and passing with 
Stores Ammunition &c, &c. The Same was done from 
red Hook. 

Were not discovered by nor had any,. Disturbance 
from the Enemy until Morning at Eight O'Clock all 
was still and Quiet. 

August 30 Friday. About nine oClock the Kings 
Troops advanced to the River and got possession of all 
Lines & Forts on the Island. Some of the Shiping 
moved up towards the town, one Large one was towed 
on near to Governors Island, and demanded a Surrender 
and as it was represented forbid the Commanding officer 
to send off any man to the City. However boats were 
towards evening sent down to the Island and the Troops 

* Sic. 



began to come off. Upon this the Kings Troops began 
to Canonade them from the Fort we built on long Island, 
and from the Shore further down and from red Hook 
but to very little EfFe<5t. The Troops were almost 
wholly brought of by dusk in the Evening and many of 
the Tents and in the Night many other Things were 
brought off. The Heavy Pieces of Canon both on 
Long Island and on Governors Island I suppose fell into 
the Hands of the British Troops. Several large Ships 
in the Evening came up near the Town but did not 
Fire up on it, nor did our Batteries on them, the Night 
was quiet and undisturbed. 

Saturday August 31 st Was for the most Part quiet. 
Our Boats were manned with volunteers who employed 
themselves in getting off Tents Provisions, Chests Small 
Canon &c which had been left the Day before when our 
People precipitately abandoned it. Colonel Sage Com- 
manded on the Island who did himself no great Honour. 
But volunteers this Day kept on the Island perpetually 
and this brought on a Smart Fire between them and the 
Ships at Times especially towards Night. A Number 
of Ships got$up near the Town off against the Island 
this Day. 

Yesterday the 30 a young man died out of Colonel 
Douglass's Regiment, and two have died with Sickness 
out of Colonel Chester's, and Eight or Ten Slain or 
taken by the Enemy, this Week. 

Sabbath Day September 1 st . The forenoon was quiet 
and undisturbed and my Regiment attended publick 
Worship. In the interim of public Worship the Reg- 
iments had orders to hold themselves in immediate 
Readiness for marching, this prevented our Meeting in 
the afternoon. 



1 89 

This Day it was determined that the Army Should 
consist of three grand Divisions, the Right Wing lying 
at New York, the Centre division to take post at and 
about Harlem. The Left wing to be placed at and 
near Kingsbridge. The Left wing to consist of about 
10,000 men the others of about 8, or 9,000 each. The 
Right Wing to be commanded by General Putnam, the 
Centre by General Spencer, and the Left by Generals 
Heath and Mifflin. The Number of Brigades to com- 
pose each Body was fixed. As Some Generals had been 
taken and others were unwell it was determined to fix 
on a Number as Commandants to have the Management 
and Condud of a Number of Regiments. Colonels 
Silliman, Douglas and Chester were appointed for this 
Purpose, and had four or Five Regiments each assigned 
to their Command. 

Monday September 2 nd The Regiments under the 
Command of Silliman, Chester and Douglas remained 
under orders to be ready to march at the Shortest Notice, 
but not to march till further orders. The ships and 
Transports drew up nearer and nearer the Town, a Frig- 
ate of about 20 Guns run up between Red Hook and 
Governors Island, and about 2 or three o'Clock in the 
Morning came up by the Town, which occasioned a 
considerable fire from our Battery on the East River for 
a Short Time. 

Tuesday Morning the Ship coming to Anchor at 
Turtle Bay near the Stores, Two heavy Canon and a 
Hobitz were drawn over on to the Hills to fire upon 
her. 

In the Mean time Colonel Douglas with his Regi- 
ment was ordered to Turtle Bay, when with great Ex- 
pedition they got out of the Stores Some Thousand 



190 

Barrels of Flower and rolled them over the Hill out of 
the Way of the Canon from the Shiping as Soon as the 
Stores were cleared and the Stores got off out of the Fire 
of the Shiping Colonel Douglas gave Notice of it to 
the Major who Commanded the Artilery, and between 
8 and 9 o'Clock in the Morning Major Cary began 
to Fire on the Frigate from an 18 and 12 Pounder, 
and an 8 Inch Hobitz, which put them into the utmost 
Confusion. They soon got out many of their men and 
y y pushed off for long Island Cut of their Cable, and 
got out Boats to tow her up the River the Tide favoured 
her design and there was a Small breeze up the River, so 
that She got up Slowly out of the Reach of our Canon. 
The Artilery fired Exceeding well, and put a great many 
Shot into her. They hit her once Seven Times running. 
The Frigate got up behind an Island where her hull was 
Secured almost wholly from the Shot of our Canon. 
The Canon were soon drawn round opposite to it in the 
most advantageous Place that could be found and fired 
a number of Time but could not move her from y t ad- 
vantageous Situation. 

Wednesday 4. Some Considerable Firing was kept up 
between the Ship and our Canon on the Shore, but 
nothing very material was effe&ed. 

Thursday September 5 th . The Frigate left her Station 
behind the Island and moved down the River about one 
Mile, where She came to an Anchor, in a Wide place 
in the River close off against the Long Island. In the 
afternoon Several Pieces of Canon were got onto the 
Opposite Shore, and began to fire on the Ship, but her 
Distance was so great that they could not force her from 
her Station. Major Cary had his Foot shot off near the 
root of his Toes. 



i9i 

There was this Day much Fireing and Canonading all 
round us, but no Damage was done worth mentioning, 
except the Wounding of Major Cary. It was said 
three of the Enemy were killed at Hell gate and one 
wounded. 

Friday September 6 th 1776. The Last Night and the 
forenoon entirely still and Quiet, and so it remained the 
whole Day. 

Saturday S. 7 th . This Day there was considerable 
Canonading at Hell Gate and Some at the City but 
nothing very material Happened. 

Sunday September 8 th . This Morning the Enemy 
opened Two three Gun Batteries, and a Bomb Battery 
upon our Fort at Hell Gate and kept up an heavy 
Canonade and bombardment upon it most of the Day, 
killed one man and slightly wounded some others; but 
nothing very material has happened. This Day about 
Midnight Sergeant Abraham Basset died very Suddenly. 
I have been Told that one of Colonel Douglass Men 
died on Some of the Posts with Sickness since I left the 
City. There is much Sickness and Indisposition among 
the Militia. They behave in General at a most Miser- 
able Rate. 

Monday September 9 th . Our Fort is Strengthened 
with more Mortars at hell Gate and our People ear[l]y 
this morning begin a very Heavy Canonade and Firing 
of Shells upon the Enemy which they return Smartly. 
Towards Midday the Fire abated and there was very 
little in the Afternoon. Things seemed to be very Still 
and quiet in all Parts. About nine o'.Clock General 
Spencer Sent orders to his Brigade, intimating that there 
was a motion of the Enemy, and directing them to lie 
upon their Arms ready for A&ion. 



192 

Tuesday September 10 th . 20 Boat Loads of Regu- 
lars landed this morning on an Island above hell Gate 
near white Stone. Some Canonading and Bombarding 
this Day at Hell Gate but not so smart as it was yester- 
day. The Island mentioned above is Mor*treseurs off 
against Harlem Church, much on this Side of white 
Stone. 

Wednesday September 1 1 th . The ministerial Troops 
continue the Canonade and Bombardment of the Fort 
at Hell Gate; but are not able to silence or much 
Damage it. The Numbers this Day on the Island near 
Harlem much increase and it appeared as though the 
Design of the Enemy was to make good a Landing 
on Harlem Plain. Our People take posession of the 
Highths, and make some Works for Defence. Colonel 
Chesters Brigade is ordered to Harlem. 

Thursday Sep tr 12 th . The Canonade and Bombard- 
ment at Hell Gate is very heavy from Morning till near 
mid Day. Tis expe&ed that the Regu[lars ] will attempt 
a Landing this Day at Harlem, the Brigades near at 
Hand are ordered to be in readiness to march immedi- 
ately, in case there should be an Attack. 

The Firing at Hell Gates abates in the afternoon, 
three or four of the Canon in the Fort were damaged 
or Dismounted by the Enemy. 

Friday 13 th . Towards Night Four Frigates came up, 
by Town in the East River, and Anchored off against 
New Town Bay. There was much Firing from our 
Forts and Batteries upon them, but they passed the 
Town without firing at it at all. This Night we 
Expected an Attack, and the Generals, Officers and 
Soldiers lay in the entrenchments under arms all Night. 

* Sic ; slip of pen — Montresor's. 



193 

However the Enemy, did not attack us, or Show any 
disposition to do it immediately. 

Saturday Sep tr , 14, 1776. The forenoon was calm 
and Quiet, but Saturday towards Night there was a 
Smart Canonade from a Number of Ships which Sailed 
up the East River, from our Batteries on them, and 
from their Batteries on Long Island and on Govemour's 
Island on our Forts in the Town. The Ships which 
moved up the East River, four or Five in Number, 
came to Anchor where the other Ships had lain off 
against New Town Creek. The Shiping below the 
Town moved up towards it and Several heavy Ships 
came up in about a Strait Line with the Town. All 
things wore the Aspe6t of a furious attack Soon. The 
Enemy by this Time had landed many Troops on 
Montresseurs Island just by the Plains at Harlem, and 
had almost Silenced our Fort at Hell Gate, and crouded 
down towards the Water in considerable Bodies. 

At the Same Time our Sick, Tents, Canon Baggage 
&c were removing with the utmost Expedition out of 
the Town, and many of the Troops were ordered up to 
and over Kings Bridge, and others up to Harlem, all 
the Field Pieces and most of the valuable Canon were 
removed, but about Five Brigades remained in and 
about the Town some on one Side and the other of 
the River. Those on the East River lay all Night in 
the Entrenchments. 

A Little after Day Light on Sunday Morning Sep tr , 15 
Two Ships of the Line and three Frigates drew up 
near the Shore within Musket Shot of the Lines and 
entrenchments and came to Anchor there in a proper 
Situation to fire most furiously upon our Lines. In this 
Situation they lay entirely quiet till about 10 o'Clock. 

25 



194 

During this Time boats were passing from the Island to 
the Ships and men put on Board, and about loo Boats 
full of men came out of New Town Creek and made 
towards the Shore. When Things were thus prepared, 
The Ships about 10 o'Clock after Firing a Signal Gun 
began from the mouths of near an 100 Canon a most 
furious Canonade on the Lines, which Soon levelled them 
almost with the Ground in some Places, and buried our 
men who were in the Lines almost Sand and Sods of 
Earth and made such a dust and Smoke that there was 
no possibility of firing on the Enemy to any advantage, 
and then not without the utmost Hazzard, while the 
Canon poured in Such a tremendous Fire on the Lines 
the Ships from their round Tops kept up a Smart Fire 
with Swivels loaded with Grape Shot which they were 
able to fire almost into the entrenchments they were so 
near. The boats all this Time kept out of the reach of 
the Musquetry and finally turning off to the Left a little 
north of the Lines in the Smoke of the Ships made 
good their Landing without receiving any anoyance 
from our Troops. They soon marched up to the main 
Road and formed across it and on the hills above our 
Troops in order to cut off their Retreat. The Conti- 
nental Troops now Left the Lines & there being no 
General orders given how to form them that they might 
Support Each each other in a General Attack, or any 
Disposition made for it, they attempted an escape round 
the Enemy in the best manner they could, and generally 
made their Escape. 

Colonels Selden, Hart, and Tompson were taken with 
Major Porter, and Brigadier Major Wyllys and an 150, 
or 200 men, were either Killed or taken. Some Canon, 
Tents, Flower and a great Deal of Baggage fell into the 



195 

Enemies Hands. This on the whole was an unfortunate 
Day to the American States. The loss was owing prin- 
cipally to a Want of Wagons & Horses to remove the 
Guns and Baggage and to the Situation of the Troops 
Left behind, and the negle<5t in the officers, in not form- 
ing some proper plan of Defence. 

The Army was principally called off to the North- 
ward and had been in a State of Retreat from the City 
for some Days all the Field Pieces had been removed 
out of the Town and most of the Artilery Companies. 
And though few Canon had been left in the Forts to 
keep up the Farce of Defence and Opposition, yet 
there was not one that could anoy the Shiping or be 
brought on to the Assistance of the Infantry. They 
could see nor expecl: any Assistance from the Troops 
above as y y were all retreating. Officers and men had 
Expe&ed that their Retreat would be cut off unless 
they could fight their Way through them w c y y thout 
very dangerous and precarious. In such a Situation it 
was not reasonable to expecl: that they would make any 
vigorous Stand. The men were blamed for retreating 
and even flying in these Circumstances, but I image 
the Fault was principally in the General Officers in not 
disposing of things so as to give the men a rational 
prospect of Defence and a Safe retreat should they 
engage the Enemy. And it is probable many Lives 
were saved, and much to the Army prevented in their 
coming off as y y did tho' it was not honourable. It is 
admirable that so few men are lost. 

Monday Sep tr 16. A large body of the Enemy 
advanced towards our Lines, Supposed to be three or 
four Thousand, and a little before Twelve oClock a 
very Smart and Heavy Fire Commenced between them 



196 

and our Rangers and riflemen on the Advanced posts. 
This was sustained by the Rangers Bravely till they were 
reinforced from the Lines, when the fire grew more sharp 
and Heavy on both Sides, and continued in the whole 
for 2 or three Hours, in which Time the Enemy were 
several Times considerably broken and formed anew, 
and finally were driven by the Americans about 2 miles, 
though they were often reinforced. Our men by this 
Time were much Fatigued, and had some of them 
almost Spent their Ammunition, and the General 
Thought best to order them to retreat. But few men 
were Killed and wounded on the Side of the Provin- 
cials considering the Heat and duration of the A6tion. 
It was Supposed after the A6tion that not more than 
20, or 25 men were killed and about 50 Wounded, 
but by the Returns afterwards, as far as I could learn 
about were killed, and about wounded. 

It appeared by the blood and trails of the Enemy 
where they retreated that their Loss was considerable. 
Our Troops had the honour of behaving well, and the 
issue of the Battle gave Spirit to them. 

Tuesday and Wednesday September 17 and 18 
Nothing very material happened. The Troops were 
employed in guarding and Strengthening the Lines at 
Harlem. Towards Night on y e 18 th a Ship or two 
moved up the River towards our Lines. 

Thursday Sept r . 19 th . Nothing very material today; 
Our Engineers mark out New Lines between the 10 
and 1 1 mile Stones begin to Fortify the Hights on 
those Lines, and the men keep constantly at Work to 
strengthen and compleat the Lines first begun about 
half a mile below. 

Friday Sep tr 20 th . Good weather and no Disturbance 



i 9 7 

from the Enemy. About 10 o'clock at Night New 
York took fire in various Places and burnt with great 
fury till near mid Day the next Day. About one third 
of the City according to the best Accounts are con- 
sumed. It is Supposed y\ it was sent on fire by evil 
minded Persons left in the City, 6 or Seven it is said 
have been put to Death for it. 

Saturday and Sabbath Day 21 st and 22 d . No move- 
ments of the Enemy worth notice. 

Monday Colonel Durgee retreats from Powlis Hook 
brings off his Canon Tents &c. 

Tuesday and Wednesday 24 th . and 25 th . Pleasant 
good Weather our People work at our Lines Prepare 
Barracks &c. have no Disturbance from the Enemy. 

Thursday 26 th . A pleasant charming Day for Busi- 
ness, and we have no Disturbance from the Enemy. 

Friday 27 th . all is Still and quiet. 

Saturday 28 the Weather Still remains good and 
the troops are every Day at work with the greatest Dili- 
gence in perfecting our Lines Preparing Barracks &c. 

Sabbath Day 29 th . A Number of the New York 
Troops who had enlisted into the Service of the King 
of Great Britain and were attempting to make their 
escape last Night to the British Army were taken up by 
our Guards and this morning confined. Reports are y* 
about 20 of the New Yorkers who engaged in the Ser- 
vice of their Country have perfideously enlisted under 
Major Rogers into the Ministerial Service. Nine were 
taken last night in attempting to Join the British Army. 
Two tenders it is said hailed up near Shore not far from 
Morissania to take them in. 

Monday 30 th . A Pleasant Day and the Troops busily 
employed in fortifying the Lines. 



198 

Tuesday October 1 st . Nothing material. 

Wednesday Oct r . 2 nd . This Day a great Number of 
Wagons with about 1,400 Hundred men go down to 
Harlem to bring off Wheat Hay Corn &c near the 
Advanced Posts of the Enemy, the Enemy were p.ut 
into great Motion by it Struct their Tents and manned 
their out Posts. Great Numbers of the Continental 
Troops were order on to the Plains afterwards and 
the Lines were manned and all things prepared for an 
adion; but the Enemy tho' they had a fair Challenge 
never advanced beyond their Advanced Posts and re- 
mained ading wholly on the Defensive. The Wagons 
Loaded and came off without any Molestation. 

Thursday 3 rd great Numbers of Wagons go on to 
the Plains again and come of Loaded with Hay Wheat 
&c. The Enemy remain Quiet. Towards Night 3 
Ships moved up the North River as far as the Advanced 
Lines of the Enemy, and cast Anchor near the east 
Shore, where there are now Five Ships of Force and a 
Tender or two. Two Frigates lie in the East River of 
against Montressures Island, against the Enemies Lines 
on the Right, one of them took her Station there about 
the Time the Enemy took possession of the Island, the 
other came up and joined her about two Days since. 
This has been the Manner of the Enemy to keep their 
Army constantly flanked with their Ships in all their 
motions. 

Friday 4 th . a great Many Loads of Hay Grain &c 
probably 30 or 40 were brought off from Harlem. 

Saturday 5 th . A Small Number of the Enemy Landed 
under the Fire of their Shiping and levelled a Small 
redoubt our People threw up there before our Retreat 
from New York. When they had effeded it they re- 
imbarked. 



199 

Sabbath Day 6 th . our People Left their Post at Bergen 
and marched up to the Batteries on the Rocks on the 
West Side of North River a little below Fort Washing- 
ton. They brought off Canon Tents &c. 

Monday October 7 Governor Skeen and Governor 
Brown were Exchanged for General Lord Sterling and 
M r . Lovel. Sanford was this Day taken Sick. 

Tuesday 8 th . Nothing special to day. 

Wednesday 9 th . Three 20 Gun Frigates and Two 
Tenders sail up the River this Morning favoured with 
Wind and Tide Past our Forts and Chevaux De Frize 
without any Stop, notwithstanding a most terrible Canon- 
ade from all our Batteries. They take two of the Row 
Galleys and a Sloop and Schooner or two, and come to 
an Anchor off against Dobbs's Ferry. 

Thursday 10 th . A Quiet Day. 500 of the Militia 
from the State of Massachusets are Stationed at Present 
at and near Dobbs's Ferry to watch the motion of the 
Ships and to defend the Coast. 

Friday 1 1 th . This Day three men were killed by an 
unhappy accident. A Number of Men coming down 
the River in General Washingtons Barge the Artilery 
at Fort Washington thinking them to be Enemies 
fired upon them and killed three Private Soldiers and 
wounded a Captain only with a Single Ball from a 12 
Pounder. 

Saturday 12 th . This morning we had an alarm; The 
regulars we hear are landing in a large Body near 
Frogs Point. The Army at the South Lines were 
ordered to their Posts and drawn up at the Advanced, 
and South Lines. A great Part of the Army on the 
other Side of Kings Bridge marched for West Chester, 
to attact the Enemy. The Enemy landed about 2,000 



200 



men on the Point which is a Peninsula; but did not 
come off from the Point. Our Troops Pulled up the 
Bridge to prevent their coming off, and the Riflemen 
fired at them over the Marsh and killed some few men. 
About 30 Sail of Transports, principally, went up the 
Sound the Same Day as far as Frogs Point. 

Sabbath Day 13 th . There is some firing of Field 
Pieces at Frogs Point but no movement of Importance. 
A Number of Transports this Day come down the 
Sound. The Day is Pleasant and the Camp at the 
Lines quiet. 

Monday 14. A Pleasant Day a Brisk wind to the 
north or rather North east entirely unfavourable for the 
Enemy. Accounts are that the Enemy are almost all 
moved off from Straten Island., and that they are thined 
much at the Lines. The Generals were together yester- 
day in counsel and are of Opinion that the Enemy are 
about to make a bold and decisive push, and that a great 
Part of their Army are on the Move to the Eastward 
off us to Land above us, and dispositions are making in 
the Army Accordingly. General MacDougals Brigade 
were ordered over Kings Brige Yesterday, & Some 
Regiments are ordered over from the Jersy Side; It is 
said that the Enemy have abandoned Bergen and Powlis 
Hook. 

Tuesday 15 th . Nothing Special happens; it appears 
that the Enemy are moving their main Body up to 
Frogs Point and East & West Chester. Our Generals 
understand that General Howe is there himself. General 
MacDougals Brigade are ordered over Kings Bridge or 
Congress Bridge, and a Brigade or two from the Jersey 
Side are ordered over on this Side and march towards 
the Enemy. About the Same Time two Regements of 



201 

Militia were ordered over the Bridge to take Post about 
the 17 Mile Stone. 

Wednesday 16 th . Generals are all together in Coun- 
sel. Scarce any Fatige men out, and the Waggons 
Generally employed in moving the Baggage Tents &c. 
of the Brigades ordered to march. 

Some preparations are begun at the Lines for Bar- 
racks. 

Thursday 17 th . General Spencers Division have or- 
ders to march and form on the left of General Lincoln's 
Brigade. 

General Wadsworth's and General Fellows Brigades 
march between one and two o'Clock, and encamp in the 
Evening near the 16 Miles Stone. 

Friday 18 th . March to Philip's Burg the Place of 
Destination. General Lord Stirling & his Brigade 
march this Day early from the Lines and towards Night 
pass us and Encamp on our Left, at Some distance to 
the North West, between us and the North River. The 
Enemy this Day land men East of Frogs Point on an- 
other Point of Land, and advance a mile or two from the 
Water, and the light Horse and large Bodies of them 
move on towards New Rochel. There was a considera- 
ble firing of Field Pieces and Small Arms between Scat- 
tering Parties but no geral Engagements of any large 
Bodies but the Enemy falling into a sort of Ambush 
sustained much loss. 

Saturday 19 th . The Enemy this Day we find by 
Scouting Parties, have advanced as far as New Rochel 
and have Spread out Some little Distance from the 
Water to the Westward; but it does not Seem that they 
are advancing towards our main Army or are making 
any disposition for a general attack. 
26 



202 

Sabbath Day the 20 is peaceable and Quiet; General 
Wadsworths Brigade attended public Service about 
midday. I preached to General W's Brigade from Ex- 
clesiastees 11.9. Rejoice O young man &c. Nothing 
material happened in our Army; but General Washing- 
ton this Day received the Meloncholly News of the De- 
struction of the Continental Fleet on the Lake Cham- 
plain, by the Enemy on the general Waterbury 
was taken Prisoner. 

Monday the 21 st . Marched about 10 o'Clock at 
Night for the White Plains, Carried our Tents on our 
Backs Packs Pots Kettles and provisions &c. The 
Army Marched all Night excepting Some small Halts, 
almost fainted under their Burdens and were greatly fa- 
tigued. Arrived early next morning at the Plains. 

Tuesday 22 nd . lay on our Arms in the high Way till 
after 12 o'Clock as no Place was determined upon for 
an Encampment. The Men slept on the ground in the 
Streets had nothing to coock with or to cover them, and 
many of y m , were exceeding hungry as well as Sleepy 
and Weary. In the afternoon were ordered to a Place 
of Encampment back on the Road towards a mile and 
had to tread back with Weary Steps the ground we had 
before in vain with so much labour travelled over. Our 
ground was marked out for the Encampment and the 
men got up their Tents just as it began to be night, & 
in the Evening built Fires for cooking, &c. The men 
are worried in a manner to Death and are treated with 
great hardship and Severity, and in my Opinion are put 
to much unnecessary Hardship and Fatigue. On the 
Night of the 22 nd , 36 of the Enemy Rogers's Rangers 
were taken by one of our Scouts, and this Morning were 
brought in to Lord Stirling at the White Plains. This 



203 

Day Commedant Chesters Brigade marched from the 
Lines for the White Plains, continued their March the 
most of the Night ; a very considerable Part of the Army 
marched from Kings bridge and that Way for the 
White Plains and Canon Baggage and Troops were 
passing the most of the Night. 

Commedant Chesters Brigade and a great Number of 
Troops arrived at the White Plains the Latter Part of 
the Night and early in the Morning, and Wagons and 
Troops are constantly coming on. 

Wednesday Oct r 23. This Day there is much Can- 
onading and a Smart firing of Small Arms between Sev- 
eral Parties of the Enemy & our People, down to the 
Southeastward between Some of General Lees Division 
and the British Troops. The Enemy were beaten in 
this Rencounter Left 13 Men Dead on the Ground, had 
a Lieutenant taken and one Private; One Majors Com- 
mission was taken. We had not so much as one man 
killed right out; one an Indian Fellow was thought to 
be mortally wounded. 

Thursday 24 th . A very Pleasant Day and Nothing 
very special seems to be going on. 

Friday 25 th . Still warm and Pleasant : Towards 
Night we have an alarm all go to our Posts, & it is Said 
that the Enemy are within a few Miles. A little after 
Sun Set we were ordered to return to our Tents and pre- 
pare provisions for the Morrow. In less than an Hour 
we had orders to Strike Tents and move our Camp. 
Moved our Camp about One mile, and got our Tents 
pitched about Midnight. Between 11, and 12 o'Clock 
at Night orders are given for one Regiment out of each 
Brigade to parade at Head Quarters, at Midnight. The 
Enemy have advanced this Day two or three Miles, and 



204 

it seems that an action must come on soon or we must 
make a New movement. 

Saturday 26 th . The Army are all called out to their 
Respective Posts by Day Light or before; and there is 
Expectation of Something considerable today, but all 
things remain Quiet. 

Sabbath Day 27 th all things Still in the Army but a 
Smart Canonade all Day at Fort Washington, occasioned 
by the attempt of Some of the Kings Ships to lie up near 
the Fort to Stop the Ferry Way. It ceased just at 
Night, but what was the event of it is not yet known. 

The Journal of the Campain in the State of New 
York in 1776 continued. 

October 28 th . The Enemy this Day advanced early 
towards the Lines, and Part of General Wadsworth's 
Brigade were sent out to Skirmish with their Advanced 
Parties ; about nine o'Clock our Scouts and Guards to 
push in towards the Camp, and the Enemy Soon made 
their Appearance on the Road, and on the high grounds 
opposite to them, and soon came on briskly, and their 
Field Pieces and Hobits began to play upon us soon 
almost as they made their Appearance. They were ex- 
tremely Numerous, and they most cautiously avoided 
meeting us in Front; when they came upon us in Front 
and received our fire they would break and retreat im- 
mediately out of the Reach of Musket shots and would 
wait all in order till their Field Pieces came up and 
their bits and mortars, from which they threw Shot and 
Shells very teribly, and they would throw them so as to 
kill and wound our men on the Hill where y y could see 
them, and when they layover the hills beyond them; at 
the Same Time they would keep out Parties to flank 



205 

and Surround us, and so they drove on till they reached 
the Heights opposite our Lines ; Where they halted and 
thew Shot and Shells. The number out to Skirmish 
with this numerous body were not more than 800, or 
1000 men. Numbers were killed and wounded on both 
sides, but I believe there was nothing very Bloody on 
either Side. 

This Day I understand General Washington had an 
Express from Fort Washington acquainting him that 
the Enemy attacked our Lines on Sunday below fort 
Washington and that the Shiping drew up in a Line be- 
low the Fort; and that the Enemy were repulsed at the 
Lines and y* the Shiping was much Damaged, obliged 
to Ship their Cables and to fall down the River. We 
were obliged to strike all our Tents and lay so till 8 or 
nine o'Clock, when they had liberty to set y m up again. 

Tuesday Oc tr 29 th at 2 o'Clock the Troops in Gen- 
eral Spencers Division had orders to Strike their Tents 
and Carry them out about one mile and an half by hand 
and then to return to the Lines. The men went out 
and carried on their Tents, and then returned and brought 
on their Cooking Utensils, and then went back again to 
the Lines. Many of the Men though they had been 
engaged almost all Day with the Enemy and had been 
obliged to Wade through a River and were very wet 
had no sleep at all. I was afraid I should be sick for I 
had been in the River almost all over, and could not 
change me, was much fatigued with the Action of the 
Day preceeding; but I am to Day well and vigorous, 
which with the Salvations I experienced yesterday in 
the Field demand my renewed Praise and Thanksgiving 
to God and lay me under new obligations to live wholly 
to God and to seek his honor & glory the Little Time I 



206 

have to live in the World. O that I might have Grace 
to return according to mercies received. 

This is my Duty, will be my Honor & Happiness. 

Wednesday October 30 th . The Enemy this Day are 
Still and give us no trouble nothing very material hap- 
pens. 

Thursday Oct r . 31 st . Rainy this Morning, but warm 
for the Season of the Year. Several Deserters come to 
us this Day and a Sergeant, a very Intelligible Fellow 
was taken. He had a Plan of the Enemies Lines and 
Camp; and by Accounts which seem to agree General 
howe had given orders for a General attack upon us this 
Morning but the Rain prevented. Nothing Special 
Happened. The Enemy appeared to be erecting five 
Batteries to play upon the Hill where we lay. 

Friday November 1 st . This Morning Our Guards 
come off and leave the Lines in the Centre of the Town 
called White Plains, and to destress the Enemy burn 
all the Barns of Hay and Grain and Houses, where the 
Inhabitants had Stores of Wheat and Corn and also 
Stacks and Barracks of Hay and Grain. The Enemy 
advanced on to the Hills we left in the Fore Part of the 
Day, and came on about mile in Pursuit but were soon 
Stoped by our Canonade from the Hills. The Wind 
comes round in the North West, and the afternoon is 
Sower and blustering, and the Night is much the coldest 
we have had this Year. Things feel and look as though 
Winter was at Hand. 

Saturday November 2 nd . A Still quiet Day, but 
cold; our Brigade have no Fatigue this Day but fix 
their Tents build Small Chimneys in them to warm them 
with a Little Fire, and recruit themselves after enduring 
almost a Weeks constant Fatigue by Night and Day. 



207 

This morning sent a Letter to Gov r Trumbull contain- 
ing an Account of the movements of the Army from the 
15 th of October to the present Day. 

Sabbath Day Nov r 3 rd is Pleasant for the Season, & 
the Enemy give no Disturbance. Colonel Siliman's and 
Douglas's Regiments attend public Worship both Parts 
of the Day. I preached from John 3. 36. Had usual 
Freedom and found it good to draw near to God. A 
Party of the Enemy to Day caried off Two loads of 
Flower from The Saw Pits, our People came upon them 
and took 2 Prisoners. 

Monday Nov 1- 4 th a very Pleasant Day. It was re- 
ported that an Attack was to be made at the Saw Pits 
by the Enemy, and General Persons with a considerable 
Force marched that way to oppose them, but the Enemy 
did not appear there, and nothing happened Material. 

Nov r . 5 th Nothing Special to Day. There was a 
considerable Cononade at New York or Fort Washington 
but the Occasion of it not yet known. Towards Night 
it was discovered that the Enemy were leaving our Lines 
and that even their guards were moving off. The main 
body Retreated 4 or 5 Miles. Our People took the 
ground again which we had a few Days before Occu- 
pied, and Some officers and men wantonly set fire to the 
State House and the most of the other Buildings that 
were left Standing. The General was greatly displeased 
at this Conduct. 

Nov r 6 th . Enemy appear indeed to be gone from us 
and Parties were sent out in the morning to bring in their 
Stragling Parties and to make discoveries. The Day 
was very pleasant. Some of the Light Horse which had 
been killed or wounded in the Action lay dead about in 
the Field and there were some Poor sort of Breast 



208 

Works, or Batteries left by the Enemy. Three Wagons 
were taken from the Enemy Supposed to be Torry 
Wagons. 

Thursday Nov r . 7 th very Pleasant indeed. Nine of 
the Enemy were this Day brought in by our Scouts. 

Friday Nov r . 8 th . The Brigade under General Wads- 
worth had orders to March at Break of Day and to Take 
the Ground where Lord Stirling had been encamped, 
about two miles West of where we lay before. Had 
our Tents loaded and marched before Sun rise. It ap- 
pears by an Express from Fort Washington, That the 
Occasion of the Firing at Fort Washington on the 5 th 
instant, was the Passing one of the King's Ships and a 
Transport vessel or two by that Fort up the North River, 
and though the Chevaux Defrize. The Enemy lie all 
below us in a Body not far from Dobbs's Ferrey. 

Saturday Nov r 9 th a Pleasant Day : about one O'Clock 
P. M. A Canonade begins at Fort Washinton. But it 
seems to be nothen very Special not many Guns are fired. 
General Washington moves Head Quarters to day up 
towards Peeks Kills. Generals Heaths & Stirlings 
Divisions moved that Way. 

Sabbath Day 10 th . Nothing very special to Day the 
Weather is Pleasant, and we attend public Worship 
both Parts of the Day. Their Honours Generals Spen- 
cer and Parsons, With Esq rs Sherman and Davenport 
and Some other Gentlemen from Connecticut attend in 
the Forenoon. General Washington did not move head 
Quarters as related above till this Day. Esq rs Sherman 
Davenport, young M rs Davenport and M r Bur came as 
a Committee from Connecticut to Confer with officers, 
appointed to serve in the Continental Army to see 
whether y y accept their appointments or not. 

/ 



209 

Monday 11 th . The Enemy continue along on the 
River near Dobbs's Ferry and Seem to be attempting 
nothing very Special. General Lee takes the Command 
of the Army on this Side the River. Under him are 
Major Generals Spencer and Sullivan, and Lincoln. In 
General Lees Division are Generals Nixon, Mac-Dougal, 
and Commedant Glover, with their Brigades and Com- 
medant Hand with the Rifle Battalions. 

Under General Spencer are Generals Wadsworth and 
Fellows with their Brigades. 

Under General Sullivan are General Salstontals Brig- 
ade, and the Brigade Commedant Chester, commonly 
termed Sargeants Brigade. 

General Lincoln Commands the Massachuset- Militia. 
General Parsons is marched for Peeks Kills. 

Tuesday N. 12. Nothing material. 

The Commissioners from Connecticut return, finding 
that many of the Officers appointed for the New Army 
will not accept their Appointment: That New appoint- 
ments are necessary: They have Nominations for that 
Purpose. 

Wednesday 13 th have orders that all our heavy Bag- 
gage should be put and ready for a remove by eleven 
o'Clock to Morrow. The Enemy appear to be moving 
down fast towards Kings Bridge : their Rear Guard are 
at Philips's House. They Sweep the Country clean tak- 
ing Cattle Grain, Clothing all Household furniture and 
striping the Inhabitants entirely of Support and cloth- 
ing. Grain and Stores which y y cannot carry off they 
burn: Some Barns and Barracks are burned on these 
Principles. Large Families of Women and Children 
are Striped of Beding, Clothes, Shoes and provisions of 
every kind. Such undistinguished ruin and Distress is 
27 



210 

spread among Characters without Regard to whig or 
Tory. 

Thursday N ovr 14 th . The Enemy appear still to be 
retreating and the Accounts of their Ravages and Dep- 
radations are confirmed. By an Express from the Jersey 
Side we are informed that General Washington is ar- 
rived at Fort Lee opposite to fort Washington. That 
Said fort is Strong, has a good Number of heavy Canon : 
That the Communication between the Forts and Bat- 
teries on the East and west Side of the River is kept en- 
tirely open: and that our Troops are arrived on the 
Western Side of the North River and form along on the 
Shore opposite to the Enemy. We have no orders to 
move our Heavy Baggage to Day; but some other 
Brigades move theirs to the Northward. 

Friday 15 th . very Pleasant for the Season. Nothing 
happens material. 

Saturday 16 th . an unfortunate Day to Americans: 
The Enemy attack Our Lines at Harlem and about Fort 
Washington cary them, and the Fort and Garrison are 
surrendered. The Garrison Capitulate as Prisoners of 
War, according to presant Accounts. The action was 
severe on the north Part of the Eminence above the 
Fort, and the Accounts are that 4 or 500 of the Hes- 
sians were slain in the Field, and great Numbers 
wounded: the British Troops suffered little; and as the 
Americans Fought under cover of their Works not 
many of ym were either Killed or wounded; but about 
12 or 1400 made Prisoners. 

Sunday 17 th . The Militia of the Massachusets State 
begin to march homeward. 

Monday and Tuesday 18 th , and 19 th nothing special. 

Wednesday 20 th . The regulars Land in a large Body 



211 



on the Jersey Shore about 4 miles above Fort Lee. 
There was some considerable Firing but the Event un- 
known. Our Troops began to move off the Stores ord- 
nance &c. on Sunday the 17 th and had been preparing 
for a Retreat. We have great Fear least the Army will 
be cut off or the Tents and many of the Canon Taken. 
O that God would grant that better News may come 
from thence than we fear ! 

Thursday 21 st . We hear to Day that most of the 
Boats have made their escape from Fort Washington, 
and are got up to Kings Ferry. Ensign Shailer came 
this Day into Camp who was comander of the Boats 
And has brought off much Baggage, and a Small Party 
have been ordered off to Dobbs's Ferry to bring it into 
the Country. 

Several Brigades were ordered last Evening to be 
ready to march to day with three Days Provisions. But 
y e Wetness of the Season has prevented it. 

Friday 22 nd . A Wet Day prevents all military oper- 
ations on this Side the River. We have in the evening 
very bad Reports from the Army on the Jersey Side, 
That they have been so crowded and pushed by the 
Enemy, that they been obliged to Leave their Tents 
Standing their Canon, Baggage, &c at Fort Lee and 
were obliged to throw away their Packs and make 
their escape with the greatest hast in order to prevent 
their being entirely cut off. That their Provisions and 
Stores are gone. Sorrowful Tidings indeed, I fear that 
Things go ill in that Quarter. 

Saturday 23 rd . Nothing special Takes Place on the 
West Side of the River; but the News from the other 
side yesterday w c was so unfavourable; as to the Sub- 
stance of it appears to be true. General Washington by 



212 



the Artful movements of the Enemy thought that y y 
were about to Land at New Brunswick and therefore or- 
dered about 7000 of the Troops that Way and left 
about 300 at Fort Lee and on the Jersey Shore to effect 
the compleat evacuation of Fort Lee from w c . Stores be- 
gan to be moved with a great many Teams and Wag- 
ons on Sabbath Day. The Enemy Landed about 700 
men above this Body before they had effected the Work, 
and pressed y m so y* y y took all their Canon Stores and 
Baggage, and Scattered them very much. 

Sunday N°. 24 th a Cloudy Warm Day, rains some, and 
the ground is very wet on account of the heavy rain w c . 
fell the two preceeding Nights. The Troops of General 
Wadsworths Brigade marched just at Sun Set for Some 
Expedition which y y had orders to be in readiness for 
for Several Days Past, but the Wet Weather prevented 
their Effecting what was designed. 

Monday Nov r . 25 th . Towards Night general Wads- 
worths Brigade marched on an Expedition with the 
Piquets of some other Regiments. 

Tuesday 26 th the Brigade Returned with great Num- 
bers of Cattle Sheep and Hoggs. 

Wednesday Nov r 27 th . A rainy Day and the 
weather is unsettled as it has been all this Week. I 
have this Day a Prospect of returning to my Family. 
Heard from them last evening that they are well, which 
demands my Praise. Towards Night the Rain abating 
I set out on my return Home. The Night is pleasant 
for the Time of year but very wet and muddy under 
Foot. 

Thursday November 28 th a pleasant Day for the Sea- 
son. Just about 8 o'Clock in the Evening I arrived at 
my own House in Safety, found all my Family alive and 



213 

in usual Health. While Sickness and Death has wasted 
all around them and while the Sword and the Pestilence 
have wasted on my right Hand and on my Left, God 
has preserved us, and brought us together in Health and 
Safety. This Demands of us Praise and Thanksgiving: 

may it be our Study what we shall render unto the 
Lord for all his Benefits. May our Souls and all that 
is within us Bless the Lord & may we not forget any of 
his Benifits. 

JOURNAL OF THE EXPEDITION WITH MY 
VOLUNTEERS. 

Lieut Gilbert marched with 20 men January 14 th 
1777 Lieut Bradley marched on the 15 th with 22 men. 

1 set out from New Haven on the 16 th Joined Lieu 
tenant Gilbert at Horse neck on the 17 th and marched 
on with the first Division to Rye. Put up at 

on the 18 th Marched to New Rochel found y t our 
Army had marched the Evening before for the Bridge 
and about the Break of Day invested fort Independence, 
Took one Light Horse, some Provisions and Blankets 
without any Loss on our Part. 

19 Sunday Morning Lieut Bradley joined me at N. 
Rochel. After refreshing ourselves and drawing Provi- 
sion we marched to Williams's and after spending Some 
Time there returned back on the Road to Butler's of 
East Chester where we lodged. Had orders in the 
Evening to march on my men to Williams's by Eight 
o'Clock in the Morning of the next Day. 

Monday 20 th rallied the men at half after 5 refreshed 
y m viewed their Arms, saw how far y y were equipt for 
Action. About Sun rise marched on towards Williams's, 
and on the Way received orders from the General to 



214 

draw flints Cartriges Rum &c which took up most of 
the forenoon. A large Body of men Were collected 
and paraded near Williams's for Action, and after noon 
marched round Fort Independance to Colonel Court- 
lands, where we arrived in the Dusk of the Evening. 

On this March Levi Cooper put out his Ancle and 
was rendered unfit for Service. We lodged most of us 
at D r . Courtland's; some lodged in the Woods. Sat 
Centries all round us against the Fort and on the Creek 
over to the North River. I had to go the Grand rounds 
that Night, had no Sleep Scarcely at all, but I am well 
and Hearty. 

Jan ry . 2 1 Lay on our Arms the most of the Day, to- 
wards Evening had orders to return to our Quarters. 
The Reason why we did not go to action, was, I sup- 
pose, that the River was not passable, and would have 
rendered the attempt very Hazardous, and the Event 
uncertain. The Enemy appeared this Day to be build- 
ing a Battery at the Bridge; before we came off a Large 
Body of men took the Ground back of us towards the 
North River and with a Number of Field Pieces Poured 
in a Smart Fire upon the Enemy near the Bridge, re- 
turned to Butlers about 8 o'Clock where the men were 
well refreshed and covered. I had a good Bed for my- 
self. 

Jan ry 22. On Fatigue all Day with my whole Com- 
pany cuting fachines and making Frames for Batteries. 
There was a considerable Firing this Day between the 
Enemy and our Troops, one of the Enemy were Killed. 
We have lost only one man from the Army, as yet, in 
our Expedition against the Enemy this Way, and have 
taken a large Tract of Country from them, forage &c to 
a considerable Amount. And have fair Prospects of re- 



215 

gaining the Bridge and all the Fortifications on this Side 
very Soon. Boats are collecting, Cannon ordered on and 
all things preparing with Expedition for an Atack on 
the Enemy. 

January 23 rd 1777. Towards Night, a Party of the 
Americans went over the Swamp to take a view of a 
Place to fix the Artilery in order to anoy the Enemy 
and went on even to the Houses where they were which 
rallied y m at once and brought on a Skirmish, in which 
two or three men were killed and several wounded. In 
my Opinion the Affair was managed with the greatest 
imprudence and Ended in a very .foolish manner. It 
was a long Time before any Body came out from Head 
Quarters to our Assistance.- Thousands of men might 
have been cut off had there been so many, and had the 
Enemy been sufficient to attempt it before any assistance 
came to us, and orders v were given in the most confused 
manner in the World. 

January 24 th . A most Stormy Tempestuous Day; 
Snow in the Morning which Turned to rain in the after- 
noon, and grew into a Tempest towards Night very 
heavy rain. 

General Lincoln and his Troops who had no cover 
were by it driven from their Posts and marched in the 
Storm to philipss's. 

My Company through the Goodness of God were all 
well covered the whole of the Day, not one of them 
were so much as on Guard. 

Saturday 25 th . This Day was designed for an Attack 
on the Enemy, but the River at Williams's was raised to 
Such an Height and ran with such Rapidity that there 
was no passing it with Canon, and it was with much 
Difficulty that men could cross it in Bataux. The 



2l6 

Guards were much Exposed. Had the Enemy made a 
Sally it would have been very Difficult for the Army to 
have Supported y m or for y m to have Retreated. 

Sabbath Day January 26 th 1777. Towards Morning 
Rogers's Rangers crossed the Mil pond down at West 
Chester and Surprized the Guards and Colonel Whitings 
Regiment on y\ Station. The Troops ran off and left 
their Baggage. Some of the Officers came off alone 
without a man and even without a Wig. It is said they 
undressed and went to bed as at home. The Enemy in 
the morning Came on upon the Guards before y y could 
be reinforced and drove y m from their Posts, and carried 
the Redoubts near the fort and all that went to y r . Assist- 
ance y y put to the Rout till y y reached the Lines near 
Williams's. Here y y were all giving Way when the 2 
Battalion of volunteers came up in good order while oth- 
ers were retreating all round y m , and took the Lines. On 
this the Enemy Retired and we took our old posts and 
set our Guards as usual. 

Monday January 27 th . The whole Army were pa- 
raded very early in the morning, the Atilery was all in 
Readiness to move with the Army, and about 9 or ten 
O Clock the Army marched with all the Parade and 
pomp of War to invest the Fort, and dispositions were 
made with a design to draw out the Enemy from the 
Fort and to cut of their Retreat. The Artilery was 
brought to the Redoubts near the Forts and there was 
some firing of Canon and a few Shells from a Hobits, 
but to little Purpose indeed not one of the Shells reached 
the Fort nor did one of them so much as burst. We 
only shewed our Weakness : the Enemy had too much 
Sense to venture out of the Fort, and in Dusk of Even- 
ing the Army retreated from the Fort and got into y r 



217 

Quarters about 8 or 9 o Clock, having taken only two 
Prisoners and thoroughly Fatigued y m selves. 

January 28 th nothing Special happened. 

29 th . The Army had orders to retreat as soon as it 
was dark with the utmost Silence and good order to Rye 
and New Rochel. The 2 nd Batalion of volunteers to 
compose the van Guard then Colonel Whitings, Enoughs 
and Cook Regiments wer to follow, and the 1 st Batalion 
of volunteers were to bring up the Rear. We marched 
about 7 o Clock and about 9 the Guards were called in 
and large fires left to amuse the Enemy the Night was 
very Stormy, a heavy Fall of Wet Snow, with the wind 
in our Faces. The troops were much wet & Fatigued, 
and about midnight the advanced Guard halted by order 
of the General at Burts's (?) at Maroneck. The other 
Regiments broke order and went on further and broke 
the order of Retreat and gave the General much uneasi- 
ness. 

30 th . The Second Battalion marched to Rye and the 
other Regiments were obliged to move back towards to 
Maroneck. But for want of Baracks and cover, all the 
Regiments got much Scattered. A large Fleet passed 
us to day and by Accounts near 30 Sail lie off against 
Frogs neck, Strung across from thence to Long Island. 
The General before our Retreat had Intelligence that 
General Howes whole Army were collecting at new 
York both from new Port and from the Jersey's which 
was undoubtedly the Case. 

31 st . The 1 st Company of the 2 nd Batalion march to 
Byram River and take Post at Lyons near the Bridge. 
The other companies Quarter along in the Same Street 
and in Kings Street. Nothing Special happens to Day. 

February 1 st . Some Tories are brought in this Morn- 

28 



2r8 

ing to the Provo Guard. Most of the Companies in the 
Second Batalion of volunteers were this Day discharged. 
My Company was discharged just at Night. I returned 
our utensils cartridges &c. and the men got Ready for a 
march in the Morning. I rode up in the Evening after 
attending Worship with my Company, to M r . Murdocks 
where I kept the Sabbath. 

Sunday Morning February 2 nd soon after Day my 
Company came on to Horseneck, & attended Prayers in 
the Meeting House and then Continued their March. 
I preached all Day at Horseneck, and had the Privilege 
of attending the Sacrament. 

February 23 rd * reached my own House about 10 
o'Clock at Night, found my Family all as well as usual 
through the Goodness God. The most of my Company 
got home to Day. 

* Probably an error for 3 rd . 



BENJAMIN TRUMBULL'S COMPANY. 

[From original in possession of James Terry, New Haven.] 

Whereas his Excellency General Washington has en- 
tered the Jerseys, and had a second Engagement with 
the British Troops, in which he routed them, and killed 
and took between five and Six hundred of the Enemy 
together with Six Field Pieces and a large Number of" 
Wagons, in addition to those taken on the 26 th of De- 
cember, and as the Militia of" New Jersey have attacked 
and routed a Party of Waldeckers, and taken about 40 
Prisoners, and there is a happy Prospect of utterly ruin- 
ing the Ministerial Army would men now exert them- 
selves and spring forward to the Help of their Country ; 
and as General Parsons hath wrote a most pressing Let- 
ter for Volunteers to turn out and march immediately 
before the week is out to Horseneck or Maroneck to 
serve for 9 or 10 Days which he thinks will be as long 
as they will be wanted. The Volunteers to choose their 
own Officers. We whose Names are underwritten will- 
ing to expose our Lives and Fortunes for the Public 
Good, engage, on this great Occasion, in Order for rais- 
ing a Company in the Parish of North Haven, that we 
will undertake the Service for three Weeks from the 
Time of our marching from this Place, if it shall be 
necessary to serve so long, depending on the Generosity 
of the Assembly of this State to give us the same Wages 
and Incouragement proposed by them to raise volunteers 



220 



about a month since in order to assist General Lee in 
Distressing the Enemy. 

North Haven January 10 th 1777. • 

Benjamin Trumbull Abel Tuttle 



Jacob tharp 
John Gilbert 


Soloman Tuttle 
Isaac Brocket 


Caleb Tuttle 


John Brockett 


Moses tharp 
Jared Hill 
Jesse Todd 
Enos Todd 


Jared Barns 

Ezekiel Jacobs— j g™ r f dge 

John Smith 

Lemuel Tuttle 


Gideon todd 


Monson Brocket 


Clement Tuttle 


Jacob Hitchcock 


Obed Blakslee 
Ebenezer Todd 


Thomas Cooper 
Enos Brocket 


Peter Eastman 


Yale Todd 


Jonthan Tuttle 
William Tuttle 
Joel Thorp 
Reuben Tuttle 


Levi Ray 

David Bishop— Gun & Ca $£ ge 
Benjamin Bassett 
Jacob Brocket 


Jared Blakslee 




Levi Cooper 
Thomas Pierpont 
Isaiah Brocket 
Jonathan Dayton 

Calvin HeatOn Gun & Cartridge Box 
Solomon Jacobs Gun and Cartridge 

Jared Tuttle 


Joseph Sperry 
Stephen Ives{f£^*Sf ny 





JOURNAL 

. of" 

OLIVER BOARDMAN 

of 
MIDDLETOWN 

1777 

Burgoyne's Surrender 



Middletown Septem br 2 nd AD 1777. 

Set out on a March in Cap\ Blagues Company of 
Melitia, to Join General Arnold's Devifion in the Noth- 
ern Army. 

We march'd away about Noon, I Bought a Dinner at 
the New-fields where we made a little halt for i s /. 

We March'd forward to Great-Swamp I Got Supper 
Lodging & Breakfast for i s /6 d . 

[Wed]ns d y 3 rd , March'd from Great Swamp [to] 
Farmington, I Bought a Dinner for 1 s / | | March'd 
forward to West-Britton [ | Bought a Supper got 
Lodging & Breakfast for 2 s /. 

Thirs d y 4 th We March'd from West Britton to Litch- 
field I Bought a dinner for 1 s / the Afternoon we Drew 
Provision to carry to Canaan. I Cook'd Supper & 
Breakfast at Doc 1 Smith's. 

Friday 5 th March'd from Litchfield to Gofhen, I 
Bought a Dinner there for [ | then March'd to Corn- 
wall, & Cook'd our own Provision & put up that Night 

Satir d y 6 th March'd from Cornwall to Canaan, I 
Bought a Breakfast for /6 d . 

then march'd on to Sheffield, & Cook'd our own 
Provifion 

Sunday 7 th We March'd from Sheffield to Nobletown 
& put up that Night 

Monday 8 th We March'd from Nobletown* to Canter- 
Hook, Mills, 



224 

Tues d y 9 th We March'd from Canter Hook to Green- 
Bush, where our Wagg[ | Pretending to go after 
Pasture left [ ] I Bought three Pints of Milk for /g d . 

Wedns d y 10 th About Noon we Crost the Ferry & 
March'd through the City of Albany, up to the Flats. 

There Cook'd a Supper. 

I Bought a Breakfast for g d / 

Thirs d y 1 1 th We March'd from the Flats to Half- 
Moon, & put up, this Evening a large Number of 
Waggons pafsed along here with Provifion for the Army. 

We crost Londons Ferry 

Fridy 12 th We March'd from Half-Moon to Beemas- 
hights at Still-water, there we join'd General Arnold's, 
Divifion, & Pitcht our Tents. 

Satir d y 13 th This Morning our Scout took three or 
four Britifli Primers diging potatoes, within Gun (hot 
of their Camp. 

Sun d y 14 th A heavy Scout went out to Day Conlisting 
of 1600 Men 

Monday 15 th We hear the Indians drove In a part of 
our fcout, a 100 Rifle Men were immediately fent after 
them. 

Tues d y 16 th This Morning we were paraded at three 
O Clock with our Packs for a March. But Retir'd. 

A Melancholy Accident happned this Day a Soldier 
that had been fick at the Hofpittle Came into Camp & 
eat a hearty Meal of Pot Pie that was not well cook'd 
& Died In half an Hour after — a Couple of French 
Doctor's Cut him open, & found what he eat lay like a 
Clod in his Stomach, this I saw 

Likely the Means of Sudden Death 

Wedns d y 17 th At Three O Clock this Morning we 
were Paradded for a March But foon Retir'd. 



225 

Thir d y 18 th This Morning at three, O Clock Struck 
our Tents, & took our Packs, & the whole of Gen rl 
Arnold's Devifion March'd on towards the Enemy by 
Collums, through the woods till our Right was in full 
vew of their Camp, our advanc'd Party upon the Left, 
fired upon a Number, that was ' a diging potatoes 
Wounded fome, & took four or five Prifners. Then we 
retreated to the Brow of a great Hill & Lay in the 
Bullies for them. Our Generals, law them Paraded & 
March forward, we tarried awhile & then march'd to 
Camp. (9 Miles) 

Fridy 19 th The Enemy came to Pay us a Visit, when 
they ariv'd within a Mile & a half, Our Men acttacted 
them A heavy fire began & lasted about four Hours & 
a half, we hear the Enemy have loft a great Number 
Befides Wounded 46 were taken Prisners. 

Satir d y 20 th Diserters come In who fay the Enemy are 
in as great Confusion as ever Melitia was without Com- 
manders. 

The Return of Colo nl Cook's Regm nt after the Battles. 
The f 1 1 Killed f The Return of the Battle 
firft "\ 36 Wounded 1 on Tuefday the Seventh of 
Battle L3 Mifsing I October 2 Killed & 5 Woun d 

Sunday 21 st This Morning Struck Tents & Paraded, 
Gen rl Arnold come to the Head of the Reg mt & gave 
News that our Men had taken fbme out works at 
Ticontaroga with three Hundred Prifners at Leaft a 
Hundred of our own & 3 Hundred Battoes Loaded with 
Baggage then we gave three Chears, after it had all gone 
through the Camp. Thirteen Cannon were fired for the 
thirteen united States then three Chears were given 
through the Camp This Afternoon a lcout of our 
Indians took a Tory, the Gen rl gave him to them for a 
29 



226 

while they took him & Buried him up to his Neck & 
had their Pow wow around him, after that, they had him 
up and Laid him a fide of a great fire & turn'd his head 
& feet a while to the fire, hooting & hollowing round 
him then he was hand CufF'd & lent to Albany Goal. 

Mon d y 22 nd A fad Accident happned Yesterday of 
one Centrie who (hot another being out of his Post, 
Belonging to the fame Picquet. 

Tues d y 23 rd A Scout of our Indians took two Reg- 
ulars Centries Yesterday after taking their hats from them 
they Painted their Faces & Brought them In. 

Befides, Our Indians Brought eight other Prifners in 
— that were a going an Exprefs to Monreal, one of them 
was a Deferter from our Train of Artillry at Quebec. 

Wedns d y 24 th Our Indians went out & Brought in 
three Prifners with a Rope round the Neck of each of 
them We alio hear that Gen rl Washington, has had a 
fmart Action, to the Southward. 

Befides another fad & Melancholy Accident happned 
of one Centrie's Shooting another Belonging to the lame 
Picquet. 

Thirs d y 25 th A Party of our Men went out to take 
the Regulars, advanc'd Picquet. Our Men in furprise 
upon them demanded of them to lay down their Arms 
which they were about, till an Officer stept up & 
Damn'd them off hearty they directly took their arms 
made one fire & took'd to their heals Our Men kill'd 
Six & took one, Hefsian Officer. 

Friday 26 th This Morning Our Indians & Rifle-Men 
Brought in three Heffians & two Sailors. 

About noon they Brought in one Tory & one Sculp. 

About Twenty taken & Deferted to Day. 



227 

Satir d y 27 th A Few of our Men were beyond the out 
Centries diging potatoes, were Captivated by the Enemy. 

Sundy 28 th Our Indians took two Britifh foldiers ' 
Primers they inform us that their Army is very ftiort ont 
for Provilion. 

Mon d y 29 th Laft Night a Colo nls Guard went out to 
take the Enemy's advanc'd Picquet. They being aprif 'd 
of it Doubled their guard & put themfelves in readinefs 
for Defence, Our Men came up & Excanged a few 
Shot one of our men was killed & three or four wounded. 

Our Rifle men took Six Prifners to Day five of them 
Hefsians & one Tory Befides this, One ferjant one Cor- 
porl & one Drummer, Of the Hefsian Troops Deserted, 
to Day they Inform us that a Captains Company of the 
Hefsians were a comming off but was discover'd. 

Tues d y 30 th Our Scout took five Canadians, & two 
Hefsians up at Saritoga that were on their Journey for 
Canada we learn they Left Burgoyne because of their 
hard fare. 

Four Deferters have came In to Day. 

Wednes d y October y e 1 st 1777. 

Two deserters came this Morning we learn from them, 
that the Enemy are very fcant for Provilion, Bread in 
particular. 

Thir d y 2 nd 

A Major a Captain & a Lieutenant with a Number of 
Privates were taken to Day. 

Alfo a large Number of Cattle *Sheep & Horfes were 
brought in with them Two Hefsian Rifle Men have 
Deferted to Day. 

The whole taken prifners last night & to Day are 
Thirty Six. 



228 

Fridy 3 rd Two Delerters have come In to Day. 

Satir d y 4 th We hear that Six of our Men were kill'd 
& Sculp't at Scatta Cook on their Journey to Bennington. 

Sun d y 5 th One Helsian deserted this Morning he 
informs that feveral of his fellows were waiting the first 
opportunity to come off. 

Alfo that they are very fcant for Provifion. 

This Afternoon two of the Britifh Soldiers Deserted, 
they bring the fame News about Provifion. Taken and 
Deserted Seventeen to Day 

Mon d y 6 th Four Hefsians Deferted this Morning. 

One Tory was taken. 

Twenty two have Deserted to Day 

Tues d y 7 th Five Prilners were taken this Morning with 
a Number of Cattle Sheep &c. 

This Afternoon about three O Clock Burgoyne's flying 
Camp, commanded by Frafier, Advanc'd within about 
half a Mile of our advanc'd Picquet to Drive them. from 
a Hill where Cap 1 Blague and fifty men & myfelf one 
of the Number were Posted, at which they kept a imart 
Cannonade for a Quarter of an Hour, while our Men 
muster'd along & fent a party to come upon their Backs, 
where they loon fell at it on all fides, & Drove the 
Enemy from their Artilliry upon the full go to the Hefsian 
Camp where our Gen rl , Little thought of Danger, fors't 
his way through & Spar'd none till a Ball Break his Leg 
& kill'd his Horfe. 

But his Brave Men not Discorag'd with their Mif- 
fbrtune Drove them from their Camp & took it, with 
their Tents Standing & Pots Boiling, Befides three 
Pieces of Brafs Cannon. Eight Brafs Cannon in the 
whole Two Twelves, the others Sixes & Nine Pounders, 
taken to Day Eraser was kill d 




229 

Wedns d y 8 th Our Men kept a Conitant Cannonade all 
Day into their other Incampment. 

Gen rl Lincoln by a Chance (hot had his Leg Broak (I 
hear) 

Gen rl Burgoyne's Aid de Camp with a Number of 
others were taken Yesterday. 

Our Men Return'd home to Camp about Dark. 

Thirs d y 9 th About Thirty Deierters came ia laft Night 
they Inform that Burgoyne began his retreat last Night 
as foon as our Men Ceas'd fireing & Left three Hundred 
Sick & Wounded. 

We Learn Gen rl . Burgoyne wrote to Gen rl . Gates to 
take care of his Sick & wounded, as he wou'd be glad 
to have his Suppole himfelf was routed & Oblig'd to 
make the best of his way. 

A very Rainy Day, but few of our Army follow'd 
their retreat. 

Fridy 10 th This Morning we' paraded & march'd after 
the Enemy up at Saritoga, & paraded over Night, upon 
a great Hill about South East from the Enemy. 

Gen rl Scuylers Houfe with the reft of y e Building's 
Mills, Barracks &c at Saritoga were Burnt to Day. 

Satir d y 1 1 th Gen rl Fellows, took a hundred Battoes Latf. 
Night, with Five Hundred Barrels of Pork, a quantity 
of Porter, & other Rich Stores With a Guard of a Ser- 
jant & fifteen Men. 

About Noon we mov'd to the North- Well: of the 
Enemy in the Woods & built fires, & turn'd in upon the 
Ground. 

Upwards of Fifty taken & Deferted to Day. 

Sun d y 12 th Gen rl Gates fent in a Flag of Truce. 

Gen rl Burgoyne fent one to anfwer it. 

Gen rl Gates fent the Second. 



230 

About Thirty in the whole taken & Deserted to Day. 

Mon d y 13 th A Scout of Rifle Men faw a fcout of the 
Hefsians & Cannadians, one of our Men call'd to one 
of the Hefsians in his Language to come to him, he 
Directly through p!own his Gun & run to him he in- 
form's us that they Drew all their Provision, which is to 
Laft Seven Days 

Gen rl Gates himielf fays, that the accompt from every 
Deferter & Prisner agree lb well that he has reafon to 
Believe it, & contrdicted by none. 

Nine prifners were taken to Day with their feven Days 
provifion they were flite'ly wounded in the Battle, & 
moveing on flowly for Ticontaroga, fo as not to be a 
hindrance to the Body of Troops. 

Tues d y 14 th A Flag of Truce came in at Twelve O 
Clock, laft Night Gen r] Gates anfwer'd it by one in the 
Morning. 

Burgoyne fent his Second Flag I learn for two Major 
Gen rals to go In & agree with him upon the Articles of 
Capitilation. 

A feslation of Arms to Day. 

Wednes d y 15 th A Sesfation of Arms to Day. 

Some of the Britilh Soldiers come to our Centries to 
get them fome water. 

We are inform'd by our Officers that the Articles are 
agreed upon Between Gen rl Gates & Gen rl Burgoyne. 

Thirs d y 16 th A Parly was beat at Midnight laft Night, 
our Men anfwer'd it. 

By what we can learn his honour was about to Fall 
from his agreement with Gen rl Gates. 

We alfo Learn that he Delt out Sixty Rounds of 
Cartrages to the Britifli Soldiers, In order to try to do 



231 

his Beit & worif. once more & orderd as many for the 
Hefsians But they refus'd to take them 

Our Genrals are together taking the Matter into Con- 
fideration. Orders to Strike Tents immediately & every 
thing put up. 

Our Generals fent in at Eleven O Clock that they 
would give his Honour one Hour to Confider the Mather 
of his Agreement Yesterday And gave Orders for every 
man to be ready at the Minute after Twelve O Clock 
when three Cannon will be fired, if he will not fign the 
Articles of Capitilation. 

Colo 111 Morgan receiv'd Orders for his Rifle Men to 
march immediately & Scale their works & Spare no Man 
they could find. & The Army to follow & carry it 
through. 

Our Scout took a Tory that Deserted from us at Ti. 
& has been with them ever fince the Retreat till now 
he fee how it was Like to Turn with them he Began to 
macke his way off. But fell aileep & was taken, & with- 
out any trial they put a Rope round his Neck & tied it 
to a Staddle & told him they would hang him, he Beg'd * 
& pray'd they wou'd Shoot him, then they tied him to a 
Tree & gave him a Hundred ladies, then he Beg'd they 
wou'd Hang him. Now he is to receive two Hundred 
more which two Morning's will Complete & then to be 
Tried by a Court-Martial for his Life. 

Fri d y 17 th 1777 The Hand of Providence work'd 
wonderfully In favour of America this Day. 

According to the Agreement of Gen rl Burgoyne Yes- 
terday he march'd his Army out of his works at Ten 
O Clock In Brigades & Paraded their Arms on the 
Meddow at Saritoga At Three O Clock in the After- 



232 

noon they March'd through our Army that was paraded 
on the Right & Left, with a Guard for Bofton. 

Satir d y 18 th We Struck our Tents Our Army march'd 
from Saritoga to Albany Before they Slep which was 
about thirty Seven Miles. 

Sun d y 19 th Towards Night, we Picht our Tents on 
Albany Hill. 

Monday 20 th I was one of Fifty that was call'd out 
of the Regm nt to Guard I28 ht Prifners of war to Hart- 
ford. 

This afternoon Gen rl Burgoyne's Aid de Camp was 
Buried of the Wounds he receiv'd in the Battle on 
Tuefday the Seventh. 

Att Evening we Crolt the Ferry & put up at Green 
Bufti. I Bought a Supper for /g d . 

Tues d y 21 st We March'd from Green Bush, to Canter 
Hook. I Bought a Supper for 1 s /. 

Wednes d y 22 nd We march'd from Canter Hook, to 
Nobletown. I Bought a Supper for 1 s /. 

Thirs d y We march'd from Nobletown, to Sheffield. 
I Bought a Supper for i s /3 d 

Fria d y We March'd from Sheffield to Rockwells 
about the middle of the Green woods. 

I Bought a Supper & Breakfast for 1/6. 

Satirday 25 th We march'd from Rockwells, to Sims- 
bury. I Bought a Supper & Breakfast for 2 s /6 d . 

Sun d y 26 th We march'd from Simsbury, to Hartford 
& Deliver d 123 Prifners to the Sher'f, five of them Left 
us on the March 

Mon d y 27 th This Afternoon I march'd Home. 

Oliver Boardman 
&c. 



233 



Articles of Convention between Lieutenant 
General Burgoyne & Major General Gates. 

Article 1 st . The Troops under Lieutenant General 
Burgoyne are to march out of their Camp with the 
honours of War, & the artillery of intrenchments to the 
verge of the river where the old Fort stood, where the 
arms & Artillery are to be Left, the arms to be piled by 
words of command from their own officers. 

Article 2 nd . A free paffage to be granted to the army 
under Lieutenant General Burgoyne to Great-Britton 
upon condition of not Serving again in North America, 
during the prefant contest, & the Port of Bofton is 
afsigned for the entry of tranfports to receive the troops 
wenever General Howe Shall fo order. 

Article 3 rd Should any cartel take place by which 
the army under Lieutenant General Burgoyne, or any 
part ot it may be exchanged the foregoing article to be 
void, as far as fuch exchange Shall be made. 

Article 4 th The army under Lieutenant General 
Burgoyne to march to the MafTachufTetts Bay by the 
eafieft, moft expeditious & convenient rout, & to be 
quarter'd in, near or as convenient as pofTible to Bofton, 
that the march of the troops may not be delayed when 
tranfports arrive to receive them. 

Article 5 th The troops to be fupplied on the march 
& during their being in quaters, with provifions, by 
General Gates's orders at the fame rate of rations, as the 
troops of his own army, & if poffible the officers horfes 
& Cattle, are to be fupplied with forage at the ufial rates. 

Article 6 th All officers are to retain the carriages, 
batt-horfes & other cattle & no baggage to be molefted 
or fearched. Lieutenant General Burgoyne giving his 
30 



234 

honour there are no public Stores fecreted therein. 
Major General Gates will of courfe take the* necefsary 
meaiures for the due performance of this article, fhould 
any- carriages be wanting during the march for the 
tranfportation of officers baggage, they are if polsible to 
be iupplied by the Country at the ufual rates. 

Article 7 th Upon the march & during the time the 
army Shall remain in quaters in the Maffechufsetts Bay, 
the officers are not, as far as circumftances will admit 
to be Separated from their men. the officers are to be 
quartered according to rank, & are not to be hindred 
from aflembling their men for roll calling & other pur- 
pofes of regularity. 

Article 8 th . All corps whatever of General Burgoyne's 
army wheither compofed of Sailors, batteaumen, arti- 
ficers, drivers, independant companies & followers of 
the army of whatever Country, Shall be included in 
the fulleft Senfe & utmoft extent of the above articles, & 
comprehended in every refpect as Britifh Subjects. 

Article 9 th All Cannadians & Perfons belonging to 
the Cannadian eftablishment, confisting of Sailors, batteau- 
men, artificers, drivers, independant companies, and 
many other followers of the army who come under no 
particular difcription, are to be permitted to return there, 
they are to be conducted immediately the fhortest rout 
to the first Britifh poll: on Lake George, and are to be 
fupplied with provifions in the Same manner as the 
other Troops, and are to be bound by the fame condi- 
tions of not ferving during the prefant conteft in North- 
America. 

Article 10 th Pafports to be immediately granted to 
three officers not exceeding the rank of Captains, who 
(hall be appointed by Lieutenant General Burgoyne, to 



235 

carry dispatches to Sir William Howe, Sir Guy Carlton, 
& to Great Britain, by the way of New-York and Major 
Genral Gates egages the public raith that their dis- 
patches (hall not be opened ; The Officers are to let 
out immediately after receiving their difpatches, & are 
to travil by the fhorteft routs, & in the moft expeditious 
manner. 

Article 1 I th During the Stay of the troops at Mafla- 
chusetts Bay, the officers are to be admitted on parole, 
& are to be admited to wear their Side arms. 

Article 12 th Should the army under Lieutenant Gen- 
eral Burgoyne, find itneceflary to fend for their cloathing 
& other Baggage to Canada, they are permitted to do it 
in the moft convenient manner & the necefsary paffports 
granted for that purpofe. 

Article 13 th Thefe articles are to be mutually figned 
& exchanged tomorrow morning at nine O Clock and 
the troops under Lieutenant General Burgoyne are to 
march out of their incampment at three in the Afternoon. 

John Burgoyne. 



It was a glorious fight to fee the haughty Brittons 
march out & Surrender their arms to an Army which 
but a little before, they defpis'd & called paltroons, they 
however before the furrender were convinced of their 
error, having in two engagements previous feen the 
greatest bravery that ever was difplayed, & the moft 
confumate Generalfhip exercifed. The enemy acknowl- 
edge the Spirit and bravery of our officers & men, and 
do not hefitate to Say, that the idea held up to them of the 
Americans, was falfe. 

We have taken in the whole, Six Generals viz. 



236 

Lieut. General Burgoyne ; Major Generals, Phillips & 

Reidtel, Brigadiers, Hamleton, Speight and another 

German whofe name I do not recollect. 
General Burgoyne & Staff, among which are 

six members of Parliament 12 

Britifh Troops by capitulation 2442 

Foreign Troops, ditto 2198 

Canadians Volunteers &c fent to Canada 1100 



Total included in the Capitulation 5?75 2 

Prifners taken at different times 400 

Sick & wounded ^528 

Deferters 300 

Loft at Bennington 1220 

Killed fince the 17 th of Sept ber 600 

Killed & taken at Ticontaroga 413 

Amounting the whole killed & taken prifners 92 13 

The wonderful goodnefs of God in delivering So 
many of our cruel unnatural Enemies into our hands, & 
with fo little lofs on our Side, I hope every heart will be 
Sutably affected with. And may that God who has 
granted fuch Signal fucceff here vouchfafe to grant 
fimiler Succefses to our arms in the Nothern Depart- 
ment. 

37 Brafs cannon, royals, mortars, with empliments & 
Stores compleat. 

5000 Stands of Arms. 

400 Sets of Harnefs. 

A conciderable Number of Amunition waggons & 
Harnefs 

Six Field Pieces taken at Bennington 

Two & 4 Royals at Fort Scuyler 

*This is probably an error for 598, which is the number given by other authorities. 



237 

In 1776 I was in Colo Mathew TalcOtts Regm 1 at 
New York, & on Long Isleand & we lay near the Battle 
at flat Buili, where our People were overcome, our Cap 1 
with a fmall platoon of us was Order'd out On the left 
wing, the Hefsians from an adjacent Hill fired upon us 
we were Order d to lie down on the ground while the 
Balls pafs'd us, then returnd to Camp, or entrenchment. 

The Hoiifes in flaming fire, & that Evening & Night 
was the Memorable retreat from Long Isleand which was 
Compleated very Early next Morning & our Regm 1 
encampt Turtle Bay Call d , below Harlem here among 
many others I was Sick, & was discharg'd by Brigadier 
General Douglas to recover Health & return'd to Middle- 
town. 1777 the next year as the above Journal fhews 
I was at the Northward in Gen 1 Arnold's Divifion & see 
the marching of Burgoyne Army on their way for 
Boston. The Year 1 780 May I was Call d out again 
for Six Months to Join the Army on North River. 
My Colo's Major, Capt, all are Dead. My wages when 
Rec d . would not pay the expence of food on My road 
to the North & back One of my Company Mates 
gave $100 Dollars for io lb Flax 3 Coppers would buy a 
Dollar 



JOURNAL 

of 

BATZE WELLS 

of 
FARMINGTON 

May, 1775 — February, 1777 

At the Northward and in Canada 



Farmington May 10 th 1775 

BAYZE WELLS HIS BOOK BAUGHT OF DOC T 

HEZEKIAH MERREL OF HARTFORD 

Price 3 s L w money 

Hartford w divifion May 10 1775 I inlifted my Self A 
Sergent under Cp* John Sedgwick in the Eighth Com- 
pany in the forth Regement Raf d by the United Colonys 
for the Defence of the Same Againft the Tireny of 
Great Britton. June 3 d march d as far as New hartford 
to our Night Quarters at Cp 1 martin Smiths. 4 th of 
June march d as far as Canaan to Benjemen Sedgwicks 
to our Night Quarters. 5 June march d as far as Cp* 
Whitney d° to our noon Quarters their we joind our 
Company untill 3 oclock march d as far as Sheffield to 
Deues to our Night Quarters. 6 June March d as far as 
Mekenfters in Noble town to our Night Quarters. 7 th 
June March d as far as Venburys in Clavaruck to our 
Night Quarters. 8 th June march d as far as Woodwards 
to our Night Quarters in Schoduck. 9 th June march d 
as far as Loomiles in Greebulli to our Night Quarters. 
10 th June march d as far as Levenftons halfmoon. 11 th 
June march d as far as John Varnals Stillwater to our 
Night Quarters. 1 2 th June march d as far as M c Neels in 
Suretogue to our Night Quarters. 13 th June march d as 
far as Bakers in Kingl bury to our Night Quarters. 14 
June march d as far as Fort George and tarried their untill 
the 18 th of June and then I with 6 more went Down to 
Kingsbury Abought 13 Miles South Eait of fort George 
to mr Jonces and made Oers their one fbrtnit. 2 d July 
then Return d from m r Joneses to fort George to our 

31 



242 

Night Logings. July 3 d Set Sail over the Lake and 
Ariv d to the Landing Abought midnight to our Night 
Logings. 4 th July march d as far as Ticonderoga and 
joind our Company Again no Duty untill 6 th of July 
then Sergent of the fertugue Party that Cut the Rode 
from Ty. to the Point. 7 th July I with Seven more 
went up to Crown Point and Returnd the Same Day. 
no Deuty untill 9 th July Recevd orders for Orderly Ser- 
jent the week folowing. Monday 17 th July Ordered by 
the Agetant I with Prentice Hofmer Simeon Hofmer 
Moles Steel Aaron Cadwell Allen Steel for the front 
Guard to Guard the General and his atendants and 
Affairs was Conducted with Order on the Day following. 
Wednefday I was Orderly for the General thirfday 20 th 
was A Day of fafting we had two Good Sermons 
Prech d on the Occation in the forenoon text Hebrws 4 
Chp 2 d Verce in the afternoon from 142 Pfalm 5 Verc 

An account of A jorney from Ticonderoga to Canada. 
Set out on Sabboth Day 23 d of July 1775 Went 
Board of A Boat about i°Clock in the afternoon and 
had Good Breeze Arivd to Crown point Half after three 
in the afternoon tarred their untill monday morning. 
24 th Joind with major John Brown of Pitsfield and Cp 1 " 
Robert Cochrun my Self John Legger Peter Sherlon A 
Canadaan Set Sail about ten in the Morning had Good 
Breeze about three hours Arivd to Bafon harbor their we 
took Refreiliment Set Sail Again with Small Breeze and 
in About an houre and an half Broded the Sloop Enter- 
prife tarred their about an houre and Set Sail again A 
Short time then took our ores had head wind Rowd 
About four miles and Put to Shore and took Kefreih- 
ment Soon took our ores again and Rowd Againlt the 



^43 

wind about four miles Came to the North End of 
Split Rock their Boarded the Scooner Liberty half after 
five in the afternoon then Rowd About four miles to 
our Night Quarters at m r Armftrongs tuefday 25 th took 
to our ores Rowd A Spell then hoifted Sail with Small 
Breeze and Arivd to A Point Opefit four Brothers 
About Seven in the morning their we took Brakefaft 
tarred their till Nine in the morning hoifted Sale and had 
Good Breeze Arivd to A Rock about 3 in the After- 
noon and took Dinner took to our ores again and Rowd 
onwards their being no wind we Arivd to the North 
End of Cumberlin head at Sun Set and their we took 
Refrefhment About Dark took to our ores and Rowd 
untill Day Light. 26 th then Drawd our Boat up into 
the Bufhes About Six Rods and hid our Provisions and 
Rum in Defrent Places and Swung our Packs and took 
to the woods travild A N w Corfe travild till ten in the 
morning and Came to A River and their took Brakefaft 
took A nap till twelve then mounted Packs again travild 
till Sun Set then made A fire and took up Logings it 
Raind almoft all Night 27th Mounted Packs About 
half after Six in the morning and travild until About 
Eleven and then it began to Rain and Raind as hard as 
Ever I Saw it about an houre we ware as wet as water 
Could make us then Mounted Packs Again and travild 
About one mile and Came to A River Crost it Kept 
our Corie until half after four in the afternoon then 
Came to A foot Path Whare we Saw A horfe we mif- 
trufted that inhabitants ware Nigh we took into A 
Swamp and built A fire and tarred all Night 28th half 
after five in the morning mounted Packs travild two 
Miles up and Down S d Path and found it to be not 
travild by human Beeings much if Any then took A 



2 4 4 

North Corfe and Entred the Swamp again their we 
travild till twelve and Came to A River and Croft it 
with much troble and travild till half after l in the after 
noon their we made fire and Dind and tarred untill 
half after three in the after Noon then monted Packs 
Again travild till Night made A hut and tarred all 
Night it Raind allmoft all Night, hear we was much 
Put to it to Get water 29 mounted Packs again in S d 
Swamp and travild till Night and tarred in S d Swamp 
all Night 30 th mounted Packs Sun half an houre high 
travild Swamps holes thick Brufh till about two in the 
afternoon then Dugg A well and Drank theirof then 
travild about one houre and Dind and had Got through 
the Bulk of the Swamp and it Began to Rain mounted 
Packs again Sun an houre high travild till Dark and 
Came to the Rode that Ledes from S* Johs to Montreal 
about 9 miles from S* Johns it Raind hard Peter went to 
A houfe and found them to be trends and the man of the 
houfe invited us to Come in the houfe and we went ac- 
cording to his Defire their we Eat and Drankt and Slept 
and ware Refrelh d munday 31 st we ware Cunducted into 
A hin Roof! and kept hid all Day Sent Peter to Shamblee 
to Call Cp* minnar which accordingly Came at Night 
and Peter with him by Cp* minnars advice we mounted 
Packs about Dark and travild all Night Came to A 
houfe in Shamblee whare we ware Youfed with much 
Kindnefs and Refpect. r st Auguit tarred all Day Kept 
our Room Privet Cp* minnar and Peter Went to 
montreal mr Judd went to Cokenowago to See how 
the indians Stood Affected with the times mr Judd 
Returnd But Cp l and Peter Ware taken and Confind. 
News Came to us Before N ight that we Ware Difcovered 
and we Determined to Leve the houfe at Dark and take 



245 

to the woods accordingly we did and ware Gone from 
the houfe About half an houre and the houfe was 
Sirownded With men in Sarch for us in Number About 
fifty it began to Rain A Little and took to a Nabour- 
ing Barn and Kept Sentrey all Night 2 d at Brake of 
Day Left the Barn and took to the Bulh about fifty 
Rods and Kept hid all Day A frend from M r Brentts 
broght Refreihment to us twife and at Dark we was 
Conducted by A french man to his own houfe Whare we 
ware treeted With Victuals and Drink and tarred their 
A Short time and then they Set us Croft the River Sirell 
about four miles North, of Shamblee fort and took to the 
woods and the Reafon of our Crofing the River in Some 
meafure was becaufe that we ware informd by Cp* 
minnars Brother that their was A Scout of about fifty or 
Sixty men that ware in Perfute after us and that they 
ware Gone Down the weft Side of the Lake for that 
Reafon we thought it moft Safe to Come on the Eaft 
Side of the Lake But to Keep on in my Journel 
on the Night of 2 d Auguft Croft the River S'rll with Cp* 
minnars Brother which Agreed to meet us Next morn- 
ing we Slept in the Bufties About twenty Rods from 
the Rode and in the morning of 3 d Auguft we Sent 
John to meet minnar he been Gone A Short time their 
Came A Boy hunting Cattle and Came Nigh to us Cp l 
Cochrun thinking it to bee John Cawlld to him which 
Put the Boy in A fright that he Run Very fart to the 
People and informd them what he had Seen and it 
Set the Whole Nabourhood in a RufFule and Major 
Brown thinking it moft Safe to Difcover him Self went 
out Boldly and Spake with the People and as we Sepofd 
tarred with them for Some time Cp* Cochrun and I 
thought that we Saw him Keeping with them not Long 



246 

after they all Drew of But him that we took to be 
Brown and one more Cp* Cochrun Said he Would 
fetch Brown all this while their ware Some of them in 
Sarch for us as we Sepof d Cp l Cochrun Came Back But 
major and John ware Abfent Cp l told me that we ware 
in the utmoft Danger and he would move Quarters 
accordingly we Did went about half mile further into 
the woods and I Kept the Packs and Cp l went Back 
but he Could not find nothing of them and that all the 
People Seem d to be in an uprore & Spreding the News 
Abroad So that Cp* Agreed that major and John ware 
Gone homewards and on that account we Agreed we 
would make the Beft of our Way homeward, thirfday 
half after Nine in the morning 3 d Auguft 1775 
Difpareing of Seeing major & John we mounted Packs 
Sixteen Miles North of S l Johns at the North End of 
Shamblee Iile travild A South Eaft Corfe through fields 
about three miles Came to A River Against A houfe 
and went Down River A few Rods and Croft it by 
wadeing about mid thigh then travild all Day and 
found no water Dug Severall times to no Purpoie at 
Night Slept in the Edge of A Large Swamp friday 4 th 
mounted Packs Again travild till allmoft Noone and 
Came to A medow and found Water tho Very Poor 
Drink d then mounted Packs travild Little ways and 
Came to A Brook then travild three or fore miles and 
Dugg for water but found none But Notwithftaning 
we Eat and mounted Packs again and Ammediately 
Entred A Large Swamp which Lafted about five Miles 
then had good traviling untill Night But no water But 
what we Dugg for Saterday 5 th mounted Packs again 
travild till half after ten in the morning Croifing Several 
Streems Came to A Large River Runing S w for Some 



247 

miles before we Came to and after Crofing S d River we 
had Bad traviling after Got out of the Swamp we 
Came to A Ridge of Land half after two in the after 
noon Steerd our Corfe the Weft Side of S d Ridge till 
we Came to the Lake at 4 in the afternoon Kept the 
Lake Shore till we Came to A Crick follow d it up 
about two miles before we Could Crofe it then Croft it 
and in Camp d on the N E Shore Sabbath 6 th mounted 
Packs and travild A South Corfe till about Eleven in 
the morning Came to A River Call d mefefque Crick 
travild Dow S d Crick about three miles Came to m r 
medcalfs Whare to our Great joy met with major and 
John and minnar the Canadaan they had been their 
about half an houre they informd us that they had 
] travilin [ ] on their [ 

Jife major Shot a 
moos through but Could no Get him but to Keep on 
m r medcalf Lint us A Canoe took our Paddles and 
went on Board the Sun about two hours high and made 
the Best of our way homeward Got out of the River 
about Sunfet then Steerd Long Lake Shore Paddled all 
Night Came about thirty miles and fire and Dry d our 
Selves and Cook d Some Victuales and took A nap took 
our Paddles monday 7 th and Paddled all Day and Came 
to m r Potters opefet four Brothers Eaft Side of the Lake 
taried all Night and had what we Wanted to Eat and 
Drink tuesday 8 th had head wind So that we Could not 
take our Cannoe any farther mounted Packs and 
traviled five miles to m r Pafons 8 their Borrowd his Bat- 
toe Set Sail about two in the afternoon and Saild about 
four miles and no Breeze took our Ores Rowd till 
about ten at Night Came to m r Ferefes and their tarried 
all Night in the morning 9 th took our ores Row d to 



248 

Crown point About ten in the morning tarried their 
till About three in the afternoon then Set Sail with the 
Prifenars that Lie nt Parmeley took at Efq Gillilands 
which ware A Party from Gy Johnfon from mawhawk 
River that ware Spyes as we Sepof d to make their Re- 
turns to Canada in Number Seven four White men 
three Indians they ware found Gilty by Examinnation 
and the white men are Confind in City halle in Albonny 
the Indians Sent to Albonny and Recevd Some Gifts 
and to be Sent home, but to Keep on We Arivd to 
Ticonderoga about Dark God be Praifed theirfor. 

N B I am not Able to inform any mortal What We 
underwent with firtugue and want of water in this jorney 
Some Days no Water at all and other Days none but 
mud 

Returned from A Scout 9 th of Auguft tarried at Ti- 
conderoga untill 1 I th I with twelve men ware ordered 
Down the Lake about 150 Miles in order to fetch home 
major Browns Boat and Return M r medcalfs Cannoe 
Names of the Party my Self Prentice Hosmer Mofes 
Steele Sergent Woodruff John Legger Jacob Harifon 
Daniel Yarington Stephen Arnold Minnar A Canadaan 
William Peefe Jacob Quechetes Daniel Charles Jofeph 
Charles Set Sail 1 1 th Auguft at Ticonderoga 4 Clock in 
the afternoon Arivd at Crownpoint about ten at Night 
Landed and Exchanged battoes and took in Provifions 
and Set Sail again went 5 miles and Arivd at one aver- 
iies at 1 in the morning their Slept tarried till the Sun 
an houre high 12 auguft took to our ores hat head 
Wind and hard Rain arivd at Bafon harbor at 9 in 
the morning We Landed built fire boild Some Victuals 
Lay by on account of head wind till 4 after non then 
the wind abated We Set Sail in About an houre their 



249 

Came A Guft from Sout weft attened with Rain we 
went 6 miles Put into A harbour bult a fire and after 
Refrefment Lay Down on the Ground and Slept i° 13 th 
when we Set Sail the wind in about an houre abated 
took to our ores about half an houre when the wind 
arofe in our favour and Continued So till Day when the 
wind Abated we took to our ores & Rowd about 1 1 
miles Came to one Potters Eat Brakefaft Set Sail took 
to our ores had head wind Rowd till Noon put into A 
harbour built fire and Eat Dinner 1 1° took to our ores 
Rowd untill about 11 at Night Came to our Boat and 
Lanched it into the water took to our ores and Rowd 
till about 2° in the morning Came to m r tommo A 
french man that Lives on the North End Grand Ille 
about A N E Corfe from the South End of Ifl of mott 
their we tarried untill Sun half an houre high in the 
morning 14 then Set Sail had Good Breeze and Arivd 
to the mouth of medcalfs Crick that Emtys into Bay 
mefefque Sent Six men up S d Crick Six miles and took 
home medcalfs Cannoo they Came Back about 3 after- 
noon tarried their and Dind took our ores Rowd About 
Six miles Built fire Slept till morning 15 th Auguft had 
head winds Notwithstanding took to our ores Rowd 
about Six miles went Shore on account of head wind 
tarried till the wind Abated about n°took to ores 
Rowd till Sun about three hours high went Shore and 
built fire Cook d Some Victuals tarried till Sun an houre 
high took our ores Rowd till 10 at Night Put to Shore 
built fire Slept till morning 16 th took our ores Rowd 
againft the wind untill about Eight in the morning 
Put to Shore on account of head Winds at Williams 
Peecke (?) tarried untill twelve then took our ores 
Rowd Againft the wind about 9 Miles and Put to Shore 

32 



250 

on an Ifle Opefit tour Brothers tarried an houre took 
to our ores and Rowd till Sun Set Arivd to m r Perlbnses 
tarried untill Morning 17 th took our ores and Rowd 
Acrof the Lake to Efq Gillilands Whare we met with 
Cp l Stuert tarried till Sun an hour high on account of 
head wind Set Sail the wind being in our favour whitch 
Lafted about half an houre took our ores Rowd till i° 
in the morning tarried till Sun Rife at m r Ferrifes 18 th 
then Set Sail With Breeze and Arivd to C. point in 
about an houre and an half tarried at the Point about 
two hours Set Sail with Good Breeze Arivd to 
Ticonderoga in about two hours on S d Day 18 th Au- 
guft 1775 

Auguft 28 th 1775. one Reede a Soldier in Co 1 mac- 
dugulls Regiment Recevd twenty Ladies for Stabing 
one of his fellow Soldiers. 

31 st Auguft Orders Came out that Part of our Regi- 
ment was to go forward to S l John Cp* Sedgwicks 
Company amongft the Reft I this Day was Drafted 
out with 17 more under the Command of Ef n Hodge 
to- Carry ten Days Pro virion to Co 1 Beedle at oinion 
River with 200 men from Cowafs Set Sail at Ticon- 
deroga at 3 in the afternoon Ariv d to Crown Point at 
1 1 at Night tarred their till morning. 

Sep 4 1 st took our ores Rowd 5 miles to M r Ferrifes 
Eat Brakefaft took our ores Rowd to Bafon harbour Put 
to Shore Soon took our ores Rowd untill Dufk Arivd to 
Grog harbour tarried their all night in the morning 2 d 
Sep 4 took our ores Rowd onwards to m r Perfons's their 
we took Brakefaft Set Sail again Arivd to onion River 
at Bakers harbour about Sun Set built A fire and Made 
A bulh tent for Some time before I Left Ticonderoga 
and all the While going to Bakers Harbour I was much 



251 

unwell no Stomuch to Eat A Pain in my head and bones 
Sone as Got Shore I made atemts to Get to A Houfe 
travild about two miles and Came to A River and Could 
not Crofe it and Ablig d to Return tarried in our Bufh 
tent that Night Next Day Some People Came to See 
us and one M r Bradley that Liv d with widdo Baker 
invited me to his Houfe which invitation I Eccepted 
went to his houfe and tarried their five Days much un- 
well moft Part of the time thirfday 7 th Sep 1 1 Returnd to 
our old Camp at Bakers Harbour in much better Health 
then what I had when Left Ticonderoga Next Night 
8 th Sep 1 three of our Party weth one M r Write that 
Lives on onion River Ware over A bay about three 
miles from our Camp after Some Rum and I Sepofe 
Got up Shines imbark d aboord A Large Canoe and 
Atemted to Crofe the bay over to our Camp Got out 
about A mile as they Sepofe and over Set the Canoe 
Loft Some Cloaths one Gun Some money & Some Rum 
but all Got to Shore alive our Camp is about 3 miles 
from any houfe and Prentice and Simeon Hofmer Ufu- 
ally went to Some of thefe houfeen Every Night to Get 
Some milk on monday 1 1 th Sep 1 Simeon Hofmer and 
I went about as far as from Weft Divifion to North- 
ington for milk and Could not Get any before Dark 
and then travild through the woods in Ay blind foot 
Path Got home to our Camp about Nine at Night. 
Wednefsday 13 th Sep 1 1775 Lieu 1 Cummins Ariv d with 
A Small Party of Co 1 Beedles men and on Thirfday 14 
two more Company Ariv d on thirfday morning one 
Leues A Docter that belongs to Beedles Regement Came 
to Alen Steel and finding him Poorly Gave him Some 
medefons on the Day Col Bedle Arivd him Self and the 
Number of men with that had Arivd ware about 1 50 



252 

tarred untill 15 th Set Sail in A boat Call d Lake monfter 
Got out in the Lake about three miles met with A 
Squall of wind attended with Rain which Put the matter 
of the boat in A fright and ordered S d boat to be Put to 
Shore Co 1 Bedle being Put out Got on board himfelf 
and ordered to Put to Sea Again we being much wet 
ware uncomfortable all Night Arivd to the South End 
of Grand Ifle Next morning 16 th went on board had 
Good Wither Arivd to Ifle Anor Got on Shore about 
midnight tarred their untill Next morning 17 th Sun 
Day Set Sail for S* Johns Arivd to the Lowed Breftwork 
their we incamp* 18 th three Regiments Col Hinmans 
With the Reft about 300 of them Ware ordred to march 
Round S* Jo we travild Round S 1 Johns we ware befet 
by A Party which Give us A warm fire but I was unwell 
I Did not Get So Near as to See any Enemy I was 
Abligd to Get my Pack Carried to A houfe that Day 
S* Johns was Befedged I being So unwell that I Got to 
m r minneeres with Cp* Watfon that was badly wounded 
their I tarred from 18 th Sep 1 to the 16 th of Otober then 
Got A horfe and Rode Down to major Elmors whare I 
tarred untill 18 th then Came Round S 1 Johns I beeing So 
unwell that I Could not travil without holding by an- 
other man but with A Great Deal of troble I Got Round 
and Ordered Abord the Sloop their I met with bad 
Ufeege I was Ablig d to Sed up Almoft all Night and 
Lay acros Wood and Barrels their I tarred untill Next 
the hole was filled with Prifoners taken at Shambele 
one Woman was broat to bed the Same Night and Did 
well I tarred their in that Condition untill 23 d about 
Sun Set Came as far as Ifle Anox Got their about 
Eleaven at Night Next morning 24 th Set Sail it Soon 
began to Rain we Got to A houfe and tarred till the 



253 

Rain was over Set Sail again Ariv d to Co 1 Criftys White 
houfe tarred their that Night Set Sail 25 th Ariv d to an 
Ifle in the Lake their we took our Logings that Night 
Next morning 26 th Set Sail Ariv d to Efq. Gillilans Crick 
tarred at m r Whites Next morning Set Sail 27 th Ariv d 
to Crown point about Dufk tarred theare one Day 29 th 
Set Sail Arivd to Ticonderoga tarred their one Night 30 th 
traviled up to the Landen tarred their untill 2 d Novem- 
ber then Set Sail for fort George Ariv d to S d Port about 
3 Clock in the Night N ov 3 Got A Pafage to Albany 
in A Cart Arivd to half a brook 4 th Arivd to fort miller 
at Landlord Afhmans 5 th Arivd to Still Water Landlord 
Benjemans 6 th Ariv d to New City Landlord Barbers. 
7 th Arivd to Albany and Crolt the River to Greenbufh 
and Lodged at Widdo honees. 8 th Arivd to millers in 
Scodock and Lodged their 9 th Arivd at Gy Sharps in 
Clinckill. 10 th Arivd to Heaths in Nobletown. 11 th 
Arivd at Cp 1 Nathan Benjamens on Tockconnuck moun- 
tane their tarred untill 13 th their my Kind Brother John 
Wells Ju r Came after me Set out on S d Day and Arivd 
to Canaan at Noah Wellses tarred their untill morning 
14 th Arivd to Simsbury to Dudley Cafes tarred their 
untill morning 15 th Arivd to my home found all my 
Family in Good Health God bee Praifed theirfor. 

July 9 th 1775 Recev d Orders for Orderly 
Orders for 9 th July 1775 on Quarter Guard 1 subal- 
ton 1 Sergent 1 Corpril 1 Fifer 1 Drummer 24 Privets 
Cp l Sedgwicks Cm p 5 Privets ondly 

Orders for 10 th July on Quarter Guard 1 Subalton 
1 Sergent 1 Corpril 1 Fifer 1 Drummer 24 Privets. On 
Fortugue 1 Cp 1 3 Subaltons 4 Sergents 4 Corprils 140 
Privets Benjemen Henmen Col 



254 

Cp 4 Sedgwicks Company to turn out on fortugue 28 
Privets on Guard l Corpril 4 Privets 

Orders tor 1 1 th July on Quarter Guard 1 Subalton 
1 Sergent 1 Corpril 1 fifer 1 Drummer 24 Privets also 
1 Corprils Guard to be kept at the Eridge i Corpril and 
6 Privets to take Care of the Provitions and to he Relev d 
from Day to Day as other Guards are. the Refpective 
Companys to be Called out at Half after fore O Clock 
in the morning to Role Calling the officers to See that 
the Rolles are Actually Called and take Care of all 
non appearants and all the Companys in Camp to be 
turn d out at Eight oClock in the forenoon and at four 
oclock [ jfternoon in Order for military [ ]ife to 

be inftructed theirin and Continued for the Space of two 
hours and an half at Each time Both forenoon and After- 
noon to be Conducted in Such A manner By the major 
and Ajetent Shall direct with the Affiitence of the Offi- 
cers of the Refpective Companys 

P r Benjemen Henmen Coll 

Cpt Sedgwick turnd out on Quarter Guard 6 Prvets 

Orders for 1 2 th July on Quarter Guard 1 Subalton 
1 Serjent 1 Corpril 1 Fifer l Drummer 24 Privets on 
the Guard at the Bridge 1 Corpril 6 Privets. Cp* Sedg- 
wicks Company turnd out 6 Privets on Quarter Guard 
and Afterwards turnd out three Privets to Keep Sheep 
and afterwards turnd out one to Guard Stores at the 
Armers Shop P r Benjimen Henmen Co 11 

'Orders for 13 th July on Quarter Guard 1 Subalton 
1 Sergent 1 Corpril 1 Fifer 1 Drummer 24 Privets on 
the Guard at the Bridge 1 Corpril 6 Privets 

Cpt Sedgwicks Company turnd out 1 Sergent 6 
Privets P r Benjemen Henmen Coll 



255 

Orders for 14 th July on Quarter Guard l Subalton 
l Sergent l Corpril 1 Fifer 1 Drummer & 24 Privets 
on Guard at the Bridge 1 Corpril 6 Privets. A Party 
of men be Drafted to make A Sutable Number of 
Groge holes for the men to d their Occation at S d holes 
to be at the Direction of the Quarter matter Every one 
that doth Occation within 20 Rods of the Garefon at 
any other Place then at the Place Prepared for that 
Purpos to be Confind and Punifhe d Acording to the 
Judgment of A Regiment Cort Martial. The Filliing to 
be Carred on for the futer by A non Commi(lin d Offiecar 
with 5 or 6 men who Are to fifh Every morning and 
the fifh when taken to be Delivered to the Comefary 
who is to Provide A hurdle to Receve them and Deliver 
them out to the Companys according to their Number 
the Sien forthwith to be hanged upon Stakes and Dried 
then Delivered to the Care of the Comefery in the Store 
to be ufed no more that Day without Liberty and if 
Ufed in the afternoon to be hung upon Stakes and if 
not Dry before to hang all Night but if Dri to be houfed 
as Above Pr Be[ ] Henmen Coll 

Cpt Sedgwicks Comp[ ] tumd out 1 Corprl 6 Pri- 
vets on Guard at the Bridge fore Privets to Digg Grog 
holes Viz Timothy Rowley 

Levi Hurlburt 

Elius Croo 

Martin Allen 

Orders for 15 th July on Quarter Guard 1 Subalton l 
Sergent l Corpril 1 Fifer 1 Drummer 24 Privets on 
Guard at the Bridge 1 one Corpril 6 Privets 

P r Benjimen Henmen Coll 

Cp* Sedgwicks Company turnd out 5 Privets 



256 

Sergent Hadens Orderly Week began ] 6 July 
Orders for 16 th July on Quarter Guard 1 Subalton 
l Sergent 1 Corpril 1 Fifer 1 Drummer 24 Privets on 
Guard at the Bridge 1 Corpril 6 Privets Cp l Sedgwicks 
Company turnd out 

Orders 1 7 th July 1 Subalton 1 Sergent 1 Corpril 1 
Fifer 1 Drummer 24 Privets at the Bridge 1 Corpril 6 
Privets 

A Return tomorrow morning of all the Carpenders 
and Shipwrits in Each Company With their Names 
and Which they Repectively Belong A Cort martial at 
ten in the morning Cpt Sedgwicks Company turnd out 
men as Ufiel 

Orders for 18 th July ] Subalton 1 Sergent 1 Corpril 
1 Fifer 1 Drummer 24 Privets at the Bridge 1 Corpril 
6 Privets on fortugue 1 Subalton 1 Sergent 1 Corpril 
30 Privets the Judgment of Cort merfliel Returnd to 
me By Cp' Sedgwick Prefident is Excepted so far as 
Refpects mcCarty is Excepted and he Relef d Accord- 
ingly But as to Ifaac Clark not Excepted he to be yet 
A Primer and a Cort mertial to be holden at 10 of the 
Clock in tomorrow morning to try S d Clark and Such 
Prifners as may be brought before them 

Bej n Henmen Coll 

Orders for 19 th July. 1 Quarter Guard 1 Subalton 
1 Sergent 1 Corpril 1 Fifer 1 Drummer 24 Privets at 
the Bridge 1 Corpril 6 Privets On fortugue 1 Cap 1 3 
Subaltons 4 Sergents 4 Corprils 100 Privets Cpt Sedg- 
wicks Company turnd out on Guard 6 Privets on 
fortugue 30 Privets 



257 

Orders for 20 th July Salt Provifions to be Drown 
But one Day in A week major Brown and the troops 
of the Regemen that he belongs to to join in Major 
E[ ]rs at Crownpoint to Leve th[ ] tomorrow morn- 
ing no Gun to be fireed no Waite of Amunition on any 
Pretence whatever no Provifions to be Allowd to Any 
Stranger without Perticurly Directions from the Genral 
by order of the General Luther Stodard Agitent 

Cpt Sedgwick Guard 6 Privets fertugue l Sergent 
l Corpril 20 Privets 

Orders for 21 st July on Quarter Guard l Subalton l 
Sergent l Corpril l Fifer l Drummer 26 Privets at 
Bridge 1 Corpril 6 Privets on fertugue 1 Cap 1 3 Sub- 
altons 4 Sergents 4 Corprils 100 Privets: Cp* Sedg- 
wicks on Guard 6 Privets on fertugue 24 Privets 

Auguft 21 st Ordered on Quarter Guard one Subalton 
Solomon Story Ef hn in Cpt motts Company Sergent 
Bayze Wells Cp* Sedgwicks Company Corpril Adam 
mott in Cp* Sedgwicks Company their was 18 Privets 
Ichebod French Binjemen Palmer : W m Paterfon : John 
Seyley : Solomon Goodwin : moore Gibbs Theophiles 
Comertock : michel Beach Amos Beach : Nathen Broton : 
Abifha Burk : David Berce : Allen Fox Jno Deming : 
James Davis : William Chiftefter ; John Chandler ; Lem- 
uel Gillet Ware the Quarter Guard under Guard on S d 
Day : James Brown for fighting one marss for Leveing 
his Guard Timothy Scoott for Abufing Clark murry and 
made A Acknoligement and Releft before Night Patrack 
marrs James Brown Rece*d their Sentance marrs his 
Punifhment tied up to the Whiping Poft fifteen minuts 
then Relef d Brown to Pay A fine of Six Shillings Re- 
ducted out of his Wages about Dark York forfees Came 
33 



258 

in and brought five Prifeners to the Guard houfe their 
Crimes one for infulting his Captin two for Defirting 
two for fighting and the Cp* of the Guard Immediately 
Aplyd to the Agetent for an addition to his Guard 
which accordinly he Granted Six Namely Nathen 
Bediance Jofeph Hawley James Baldwin Timothy 
Knap Ser 1 Hazen Daniel Yarington. 

Auguft 23 d 1775 ordred on Quarter Guard 1 Sub- 
alton Lie ut Afef Hall firft Lie 1 in Cpt Starrs Company 
1 Sergent Bayze Wells Cp l Sedgwicks Company 1 Cor- 
pril Joel Evarts 1 Corpril Cpt Beuels Company 18 
Privets Uriah Melenger: Clark Smith Benajah Smith: 
Hezekiah Phelphts Jonah meek (*?) John Byant: Peleg 
Billins: Samfon Grinman Levi Dane: Samuel Cooper: 
W m Perry : Jacob Williams : Theodo Andrus : Jacob 
Williams Ju r Jams Bonney : Jofeph Andrus : William 
Starr : W m Abels (?) their was Six under Guard Viz 
Thomas Forman Cpt Wifeenfelts Company in Col mc- 
Dodles Regement ibr infulting his Cp* Samuel Ballowd 
d° Company for Abufing his fellow Soldiar: John Camel 
Brown: Cp 1 Chefemans Company for Diferting fully 
accoutred John Leonard Cp* Lyons Com p for Defert- 
ing : Alexander m c faift in Cp* Chefemans Com p for abuf- 
ing L iet m c Dougall 

Auguft 26 th Recevd orders for Orderly the Week 
infuing on Guard 21 Privets 1 Subalton 1 Sergent 2 
Corprils 1 Corpril 3 Privets to take Care of the Cows 
and the Reft of them on Guard orders for 27 th as ufual 
on account of Guard But orders on other accounts is 
as follows. Head Quarters Ticonderoga 27 th Auguft 
1775" Perole Newhaven. 

Field officer to morrow 28 th auguft Major Gonfavort 



259 

the fore Companies of the firft Regiment N w York 
forces to be muftered this afternoon at 3 clock whare 
the muftermafter General will attend, two Days Provi- 
fion to be Hewed immediately to Co 1 Waterbury and 
Co 1 m c dugalls Regiment and Cp 1 motts Company in 
Co 1 Parfons Reg fc which they are to Cook their meet 
and Bake their Bread this Evining by order of General 
montgomery John Macpherfhon Aide Camp 

Orders on Guard as Ufual 

Orders for 29 th on Guard 1 Subalton l Sergent 2 
Corprils 1 Corpril three Privets to take Care of the 
Cows the Reft to mount Guard. 

Orders for 30 th Guard as Ufual 1 Subalton one Ser- 
gent two Corprils 21 Privets 1 Corp 1 three Privets to 
Guard the Cows the Reft mount Guard. 

Head Quarters 30 th Auguft 1775 

General Orders Officer of the Day Cp* Starr Perole 
m c dugalle the Breuery to be Carred on by Sergent 
James Clark infted of Ef n Nichols Removed and to be 
mannageed as Ufual. Benjimen Hinmen 

Orders for 31 st Auguft on Guard as Ufual Head 
Quarters Ticonderoga. General Orders Perole New 
london. Cpt Sedgwick Officer of the Day tomorrow 

Benjamin Hinmen Col 

Weft Hartford Jenewary 23 d 1776 
I Bayze' Wells Recevd A Commifion of an Ensign 
in Cp fc John Stevens Company in Coloen Charls Burrels 
Battallion Ordered to Joine the Northern Army in 
Cannada. 

Set out on this Expedition (March 7 th 1776) with 



260 

fifteen men Viz Cornelius Flower Sergent. Eliilia Hof- 
mer Corporal Simeon Dupe. Eleazer Fiftier : John 
Ledgyard : Eldad Kellogg. Ifaiah Gridley Samuel 
Steel. Eliphas Steel Abraham Webfter : Amos Shep- 
pard Titus Merrels. Ebenezer Sedgwick Julus Davis. 
Jack Negro. Arivd to Newhartford at Dudley Cafes 
Jur to our Nights Lodgings. 8 th march Arivd to Nor- 
folk to M r Lawrances to our Nights Lodgings. 9 th 
march Arivd to Sheffield M r Sheldens to our Ng ts Lodg- 
ings. 10 th march Arivd to M r Jackfons Nobletown to 
our Ng ts Lodgings 1 1 th mar Arivd to Bullies half w- 
house to our Ng ts Lodgings. 12 th march Arivd to G r 
Bufh at Co 1 Ranfleys to our'Ng ts Lodgings. 13 th march 
Crofe d the River into Albany tarred their untill 16 th 
march Arivd to mr Grays to our Ng ts Lodg. 17 th Arivd 
to m r Scoots Stillwater to our Ng ts Lodgings 18 th 
Arivd to m r Moors Suretogue to our Ng ts Lodgings 
19 th Arivd to mr Harrefes fort Edward to our Ng ts 
Lodgings. 20 th Arivd to Fort George to our Ng ts 
Lodgings 21 st Arivd to Sabbath Day Point to our 
Nights Lodging 22 d Arivd to Ticonderoga to Our 
Ng ht Quarters on the Same Night Warnd on A Cort 
Martial Accordingly we Sett in the Ge rl -houfe on the 
23 d of march 1776 Names of the Members Lemuel 
Sergents Lieutenant. Prefedant. Lieu* W m Robey. Lieu t 
John Mills. Lieu 1 W m Moulton. Ef n Bayze Wells. Ef n 
W m Bradford. Prifenars tryd one Brown and Shannon 
trid for Defertion found Gilty Sentence d to Receve the 
following Number of Stripes Viz Brown thirty Shannon 
twenty five and Likewife one Breggs and one Wyllys 
one froft one Nelfon ware trie d for Breach of truft ware 
found Gilty and Ware Sentence 4 according to their 
Crimes Breggs to Receve thirty Eight Lafhes Wyllys to 



26 1 

Receve twenty Ladies Whitch Punnifhment they Recevd 
at 4 a Clock in the afternoon on S d 23 d of march and 
Likewife froft to Pay A fine of Three Dollors and Nelfon 
to Pay A fine of one Dollor and Return to the Baken 
Bufinefs again but Breggs & Wyllys ware Ordered 
to Privet Deuty Brown and Shannon to bee Con- 
find in Irons foreteen Days, tarred at Ticonderoga 
untill the 27 th Arivd to Addefon on Eaft Side of 
Lake Champlain to mr Avirefes to Night Quarters 
28 th the Ife on the Lake beeing to Poor we took to the 
woods travild about Nine miles to one mr Robersons in 
Newhaven on Oter Crick to our Night Quarters 29 th 
Arivd to Barmans in munkton thare took Dinner after- 
noon Arivd to m r ChafFes at Hinfborough to our. Night 
Quarters their had Good Lodging in Bed. 30 th Arivd 
to Onion River at m r Powels to our Nights Lodgings. 
31 st Arivd to A Barruck that G r Woofter Ordered Built 
on the Eaft Side of Grand Me to our Night Quarters, 
first Day of April 1776 Arivd to the White Houfe and 
took Dinner Kept on our journey Arivd to mr Stouts 
on the weft Side of River S r Ell to Our Nights Lodg- 
ings. 2 d Arivd to St Johns About 12° Clock tarred 
their but A few minuts Arivd to my Old Landlord 
miners about three miles North of S 1 Johns (whare I 
Lay Sick from 18 th y e September to y e 16 of October 
in 1775) their I was Recevd Gladly and youfe d with 
much kindness tarred their all Night. 3 d Arivd to 
Chambly fort Cp* John Stevens Jefse Kimball and my 
Self tarre d at mif s minnars untill the 5 th Arivd to 
Longuil Put up at Lieu 1 Frances Leveetes within 2 miles 
and an half of Montreal. 6 th Arivd to montreal about 
io° Clock in the forenoon our Company Ordered in the 
upermoft Street in the South Weft Corner of the City 



262 

Lieut Jefse Kimbil and I with our Waiters ware Ordered 
to one M r P. Peletts whare we found Good Ufeage) at 
this time they Kept Lent on the 6 th I was at two funerals 
one A Lawyer the other an Old man the former was 
bured with the following Seremones the Corps Beeing 
Set in the Broad Alley with thirty Candles Around it on 
the Bier all Burning their Beeing about ten priefts Sing- 
ing and About thirty Schollers Dreft in morening all 
Around it Singing allfb one of the Prefts Being head 
of the Reft I Sepofe had A waitter that heald up his 
Gound went all Around it Bowing and on his Nees to 
the head and feet and Sprinkling what they Call Holey 
water on S d Corps and Likewife Burning infence on it 
with A Contrivance that he Carred in his hand then all 
Around S d Corps ware on their Nees and Singing A 
Very mornfull tune and Likewife Playing on an inftru- 
ment up Aloft then Carred it Aroung in the Side of the 
Church and taking up A trap Door Leting the Corps 
Down in the Sepulcrer the Preft throwing Burning 
infence over the Corps all Singing A mornfull tune then 
all Down on their Nees then Put out their Candles and 
all Retired. 7 th Sabbath. Beeing the Day they Keep 
in Remembrance of our Savours Refurecttion from the 
Dead whitch is A Great Day Amongft Papafts in the 
Morning the Church Doors Beeing opened by the 
Rifeing of the Sun and People going in to Say their 
Prayers at ten o Clock Service Began all mufeic 
Such as Bells Baggpipes Flut Harp and Horn-pipe 
and Orgins and fiddls Going all the Prefts in Number 
about thirty About forty Scholers Dref 1 Excefsively 
Well in White Surpelufes Carre d on therr Worfhip in 
Singing and Bowing and on their Nees. the High Preft 
Sprinkling Holy water and Burning incence making A 



263 

mornfull Noues Six of the Prefts ware imploy d in Walk- 
ing up to the Vurgien mary and on their Nees then to 
the Alter and on their Nees fore men took A lamp with 
twelve Candles and Carred it in the Broad Alle and held 
it on their Shoulders untill about twelve Prefts Came 
Around it and Bow d to it then on ther Nees to it then 
they Sat it Down in the Alle and then Boath Prefts and 
Schollers went Around it Bowing and on ther Nees to 
it and Singing A mornfull tune after that the mufuceck 
Aloft Begn and Play d A Very fine tune held it untill 
twelve O Clock in the afternoon they Carred on in 
much the Same manner I tarred with them untill three 
O Clock then Left that Church and Atended Worlhip 
at the South Church whare we had A Sermon Preached 
from thefe words the Proud Man Shall be Brought 
Lough Del vd By M r Ripley. 8 th no Deuty the Keep 
this and 9 th Holey time and atended mafs in the Same 
manner as the^ Did the 7 th 10 th Ordered on Guard 
Kep* the Barrack Guard had one Serjent and one 
Corpril all Canadanes their Names ware as followeth Vz 
Serjent Bonvan Fuer Corpril d° they Beeing father 
and Son Privits Jn° Sherbonoo Jofeph murrey. John 
Battiftarren Amab Elleer : Atwill Barboo : Jofeph Levve : 
Peter Leponefs. Niccholes Daplefs Francee motiye : 
Ellence Lamote they Could none of them Talk Engliih 
Excepting one the Corpril they Behaved them Selvs 
Sivel. no Duty untill 14 th Ordered on Picket Guard at 
Night. I atended Publick Worlhip in the South 
Church at three ° Clock in the after noon had A Sermon 
Preached from S fc Luke 12 Chapter and 20 th Verce D r 
By mr Ripley on monday 15 th Remov d to M r Charles 
Covverts Whare I was youfed with much kindnefs and 
Refpect. and tarred their untill 21 th Recev d Orders to 



264 

March up the River ab 30 : or 40 miles 22 d march d 
Ariv d to Lafliene to one m r mallates to our Night 
Quarters tarred their untill 24 th Arivd Le Point A Claire 
about Eighteen miles to m r Abblare to our Nights 
Quarters Whare the People Seem d to be frendly altho 
Back at Lafliene much unfrendly. 25 th Arivd to S* Ane 
whare we took Pofestion of the Garefon their which 
was Occupied by one m r Demontiyny who Seem d at 
firft much unwilling to Give up but afterwards more 
Reconfiled his wife and Children moved Away at this 
time Lieu 1 " Kimball took the Command he Left things 
in the Houfe Comfortable two Beds and furniture knives 
Plates CofFe Bowls and other Articulers. 28 th News 
Came that their was Several Canoes Ware about to Pals 
Conafadogga one the Night following Loded with 
Pouder and Rum Going up amongft Our Enemys upon 
that the Commanding OfTecier of this Poll: Ordered that 
A Scouting Party of About twenty men under my 
Command to Crofs the River in Order to Head them 
Accordingly I with one Serjent & twenty one men 
imbark d on board A Battoe and Crof 4 the River Ariv d 
to the other Side of it about Dufk whare we Difcovered 
A fire whare we found an old woman & A boy about 
fourteen years of Age we Soon Difcovered A Canoe 
With Seven indions and and one french man and one 
indian woman on board which Canoe I ordered to Come 
too accordingly they Did and I Serch* it and found 
nothing but flowr and indian Packs upon that I Gave 
them A Dram and Gave them Leave to Pafs to 
Canniladoga I ordered four Sentriefs to be Set and to 
Keep A Good Look out and Some of us Retired to the 
fire Some Stayd in the Battoe and taried untill morning 
and Difcovered nothing more we imbark d Again on 



u_ 



265 

board the Battoe About Day Light and made the beft 
of our way home Arive d to our Poft About Half after 
five in the morning of the 29 th of inftant April 30 th I 
was ordered Down to montreal Arivd their about 8 : O : 
Clock tarred thare untill 3 d of may Ariv d to Lafheen 
tarried thare untill 4 th Ariv d to S* Anns Lodg d at mr 
5 th joind our Company at S* Anns and Soon 
imbark d on Board two Battoes Set Sail for Carillion 
Ariv d to Coniiadaga about 1 1 o Clock whare we met 
with Good Ufeage By M r Bolecer who Provided A 
Genteel Dinner (for Cpt Lieutnants and my Self and 
John Ledgyard) Confisting of the following Diflies firft 
A God Soop Second Boild fowls Pyes Apples Rafons 
Almons Prefarv d Bomkin wine for Drink about 1:0: 
Clock in the afternoon imbark d Again Ariv d to Carelion 
about Dark met with no Opefition in Landing I tarried 
thare untill y e 7 th and as I Sepofed I was Nigh Brakeing 
out with the Small Pox I imbark d on Board A Bark 
Connoe with five frenchmen and one french woman Set 
out for S* Anns Ariv d thare Before Night tarried there 
untill y e 9 th our Company beeing Ordered to Leve the 
Poft at Carrillion and joine Co 1 Bedle at the Ceadears 
they on there way to the Ceaders Ariv d to S fc Anns 
Before Night and I beeing not yet Sick I joind my 
Company again imbark d on Board the Battoe with my 
Captin about Sun Set Set Sail for the Ceaders Ariv d to 
the other Side of the River About 9 : o Clock at Night 
had good Lodgings at Sineyer Labonees Whare the 
Officers ware made Welcom 10 th Ariv d to the Cedars 
tarried at A french mans Houfe on the Point Near the 
Landing untill y e 12 th Ariv d to the fort whare we got 
Lodgings in an Old Barrack tarried untill 15 th we had 
News by Some Indians that there was A Party of about 
34 



266 

4-00 from Swagoche on their way within fifteen miles 
of us on the Arivel of this News Each Company ware 
ordered to their Alarm Poft to hold them Selvs in 
Readenels for Battle on the Shortteft orders the Greateft 
Part of the Night was Spent in this Polition I being 
taken Down with the Small Pox tarried thare untill 
16 th about 12° Clock Set Sail for S* Anns Ariv d thare 
about n oc at Night tho with much troble and fatague 
thare beeing but two on board that ware well I Row d 
untill I had Like to faint Sevaral tims Soon after Came 
to A fire I fainted 17 th felt Little Better tarried thare 
18 th in the morning beeing Apprehenlive of Near 
Aproach of our Enemy I Got A Chanc to Come Down 
to Lafheene in A Cart Soon after I Left the Cedars our 
People Ware befedg d Whither they are takne I am not 
to Say but Cp 1 Young Left his Poft at S* Anns and 
Soon after our Enemys took Pofestion in Number 
about 500 Regulars and indians Cp* Young was Put 
Emediately under an Areft at his Arivel at Lafheene by 
Gen rl Arnold arived to Lafheene 20 th of may tarried 
thare untill 24 th Set Sail for montreal ariv d thare about 
midnight and had Like to Got Drownded Comeing 
Down the Rappets I was much wet but Did not Get 
Cold I tarraid at the Subbrub (?) Hofpetal that Night 
Next Day ordered up to the Generals Hofpetal but I 
Soon Left that took to my old Lodgings at mr Coverts 
30 th may Left montreal Ariv d to Lapraree with much 
Troble and in Great Danger of beeing Loft by beeing 
So weake handed in the Battoe I tarried at Lapraree 
untill 2 d of June then ordered Down to S 1 Johns Ariv d 
thare about 4 O Clock in the afternoon thare I met 
with Col Buwell which Supplied me with A tent thare 
I Live d untill the 17 th then ordered Up the Lake to Ifle 



267 

anon on account of the Retreet of our Army from S r 
Ell and montreal Abandoned Boath Places on June 16 th 
about 1500 Sick men ware ordered to this Place oh the 
Groans of the Sick What they undergo I Cant Expres 
Nither is it in the Power of man to Give any Idea of 
the Diftrefses of them Laying on the Ground nothing 
to Cover them but the Heavens and Wet Cool weather 
our men Paft Safe by Chamblee on the 17 th after they 
had Burnt the fort and Arivd to S 1 Johns with the main 
or all there Baggage they Soon Left S* Johns in the 
Same Condition and Retreated to Ifle anon with all 
there Baggage Canon and all the Stores that they had 
at that Place on the 20 th Day all the Sick was ordered 
to Go over the Lake to Crownpoint we imbark d about 
100 Clock and was four Days on our Pafage Lay in the 
woods two Nights Arivd to Crownpoint on the 23 d 
Day of June tarried thare untill the 8 th Day of July 
Recevd orders to go with A Party of Sick belonging to 
our Rig t in Number 108 about Half of them Sick with 
the Small Pox one Dyed on his Pafage the other Ariv d 
to Fort George Safe altho we had bad Weather it Raind 
the Whole of the Pafage acrofs Lake George I Returnd 
to Crownpoint on the 15 th tarried thare untill 17 th then 
ordered to ticonderoga tarried thare untill 23 d then 
ordered to our New incampment Acrofs the Lake over 
againft S d Ti ga no name for it as Yet this incampment 
was A howling Wildernefs when we Began to Clear it 
was. on the 18 th of inftant July Cleard it in three Days 
tarried thare untill the 27 th 1776 then moved Over the 
Lake in order to work on Board Gundelow Providance 
under the Command a Cp* Simmons, tarried thare un- 
till the 4 th of Auguft then Set Sail about Sun Set with 
Small Breeze Ariv d to A Bay behind three mile Point 



268 

Lay too thare untill morning hoifted Sail With Good 
Breeze Arivd to the Point opefet the Eaft Redout then 
by the Command of Cp* Simmons we ware ordered to 
fire five Cannon we fir d our Bow and Labboard midfhip 
Guns and ware ordered to Lode them again theey 
Spungd the Bow Gun and Put in the Cartrich one 
Solomon Dyer who Servd the Spung went to Ram 
Down the Cartrich there Being fire in the Gun it went 
of While he Was Standing before the Mouth of the 
Cannon which Blew Boath his hands & one nee almoft 
of and Likewife the Spung Rod Part or all of it went 
through the Left Part of his Body at the Root of his 
arm Blew him overboard we Could not find him untill 
7 th he Rofe and floted we took him up and Buried him 
Decently. Nothing Extroydenary Hapned untill Satter- 
day 10 th of Auguft A Large flock of White Gulls 
appier d in Sight which Loom d up to that Degree that 
the Comedore By the Afsiftance of his Glafs thought 
them to be our Enemyes fortifying upon that his Boat- 
waine With A Speaping trumpit Hail d all the Vefales in 
the Harbour all the officers was ordered on Board of the 
Royel Savage to hold A Counfil at Lenth one Cp* 
Seamons Spied them through the Glafs from top mad 
and found them to be Really what they Ware, nothing 
Extroidenary hapned untill monday 12 th auguif. I Re- 
ceved orders to go Doun the Lake in a Battoe with ten 
men on Board Accordingly imbark d about three in the 
afternoon no Breeze Row d untill Sun Set Ariv d to an 
Ifleland about three miles South of the Scotch Bonnet 
Near the Eaftern Shore thare we Bult fire Cook d Some 
Victuals tarried thare untill Day Brake 13 th imbark d 
had head Wind Rowd untill ten in the morning Ariv d 
to an Ifleland Opefit the mouth of Otter Crick thare 



269 

We tarried untill Night about Sun Set we Spy d A boat 
Come Round Split Rock about half an hour after Spied 
Another Which made us Keep out A Good Watch 
about ten at Night the Watch heard Cohoopin on Each 
Shore Which Give us Reafon to think thare was A 
Party about to Seround use being not able to mak our 
Defence againft Doble in Number thought Proper to 
Retreat accordingly We Did Ariv d on Board the Royal 
Savage about ten in the morning (Auguft 14 th ) 17 th 
Auguft our mate Went up to ticonderoga and Carried 
two Sick men and Brought Amos Sheppard on Board 
on 18 th inftant this Day Northerly wind and fair I was 
informd that Comedore Wynkoop was Arefted By 
General Arnold for Detaining Liberty at 4 P. m I was 
informd that he has Gone to Ticonderog with his 
Baggage 

Monday 19 th this Day Northerly wind and Cloudy 
at : 12 : mer d : the General Came on Board at : 2 : P. M. 
the Cp* Went on Shore and Din d with the General. 

Tuefday 20 th this Day Vereble winds and Clouda 
Hove up and Roed Down the Lake to Exercife the 
men at 9 A. M. Gundelo Philadelphia Cp 1 Rue Ariv d 
which made Nine Sail of the Line the Cp* sent ouur 
flowr on Shore to Be Baked into Ship Bread Sent men 
for wood. 

Wednefday 21 st this Day South Eafterly Winds and 
Raine 4 P. M. it Cleard of Cp Simmons and I went on 
Shore the Eaft Side of the Lake Returned about Sun Set. 

Thirfday 22 d Wind Weferly and Clear at 9 : A : M : 
I with several Gentlemen Went on Shore on Eaft Side 
of the Lake Went to M r Payns and Eat Green Corn 
Likewife made M r Ward A Vifet Return d on Board 
again about 4. P : M : 



270 

Fryday 23 d this Day Norterly wind and Clear about 
8 : A : M : Opened our Pork Barrels we found two Bar- 
rels Very Poor and not more then two thirds full about 
Six P: M: we Carried two Barrels of Pork and one 
d° of flowr on Shore. 

Saterday 24 th Wind Southerly and Some What > 
clouday about Seven : A: M: Recevd Orders from 
General Arnold as followth 

Crownpoint 24 th Auguft 1776 

the Captains of Each Vefsell to Send on Shore one 
or two Barrels of flowr With one hand from Each Vef- 
sell to be Left at Crownpoint to Bake for the fleet 
Every Vefsell is to Get all hands on board and Prepare 
for Geting under Sail this morning 

By order of Gen r Arnold 

if any Seaman or Mareane on Board the fleet are 
Very Sick there Commander Will immediately Send 
them on Shore to the Hofpital Provided for that Pur- 
pos. about 7 A: M: Gundelo Connecticut Cp l Grant 
Arived Safe in the harbour this Day I Recevd my 
Lieu ts Commifsion beareing Date 24 th of July 1776 
about Sun Set the Whole fleete Got under Sail Down 
the Lake the Savage and Enterprife in the front 
Gundelos New Haven and Bolton Next Gundelos 
Providence & Spitfire Nixt Gundelos Philadelphia & 
Connecticut Next Schooners Revenge & Liberty Brought 
up the Rear fell Down the Lake four miles then Came 
too in A Line of Battle had Good anchorage 4 fathom 
water 

Sunday 25 th the wind South and Some Clouday 
Recev d our Signal for Sailing about Sun Rife, the Whole 
fleet Got under Sail by Sun half an Houre High at ten 
A. M. Paft the Hilanders Bunnet twelve miles from Cr: 



271 

point tried the water found thirteen fathem. Opefet 
Otter Crick about A Qu 4 a mile above in the Channil 
tried the water No Soundage with forty fathom about 
twelve o Clock the wind Shifted Round Northerly 2 
P. M wind Southerly 4 P. M Paft Split Rock Could 
not Get Sounege with forty fathom at Six P. M. the 
wind Northerly tried the Wind found it much the 
Same as in the Narrous We being about four miles from 
Split Rock at Seven A. M. Came to an anchor at Gille- 
lands Crick in four fathom Water Set A Watch and 
Prepared for the Enemy 

Monday 26 th Auguft. this Day Northerly wind 
attended With Rain hove in A Swell and Look d Likely 
for A Blow at 1 1 A : M the Comedore Sent his Boat 
through the fleet and Give orders to Be Ready and Git 
under way at two P. M. to make A Good harbour at 1 
P. M. the wind increafed the Comedore fired A Signel 
Gun the whole fleet hove up and Stood of the Shore 
the Spitfire Being Near the Shore the Swell hove her in 
& She was not able to get of Shore General Arnold 
Roed through y e fleet in A Small Boat and inquired 
what wather the Gundilo made the Spitfire furld her 
Sails and Came too 

the Enterprife Stood up the Lake & the whole fleet 
follow d Opefit the Hilanders Bonet the Connecticut 
Carred away her Maft the Revengue toock her in tow 
the Enterprife Run A Shore on the Point Lufing in for 
Pauls Bay the Royal Savague Run in and Came too the 
Whole fleet Came too in A line of Battle as" nigh as 
Pofsable the Bay at 5 P. M. the Enterprife got of and 
Came in the Bay. 

Tuefday 27 th Auguft this Day frefti Northerly Winds 
and Rain the Whole Fleet Lay wind Bound the Cp* Sent 



272 

our Boat A Shore to make Difcovery of the Country 
they Brought A Report that the inhabitants Remand 
Peaceable at 1 1 A. M. I was inform d that the Spit fire 
was A Shore the Storm Continnued all Day and Night 
following 

Wednefday 28 th august the wind Continued Still 
Northerly and Rain and Cold the whole twenty four 
hours about Sun Set the Spitfire Came into fall Harbour 
With the Reft of the feet 

thirfday 29 th auguft this Day frelh Breze at North by 
Eaft and Clouda we tried the water in fall Bay found 
four fathom and an Half Sande Bottom the fleet Lay 
wind bound as yet about ten A : M the General Sent 
his Boat Round through the fleet and invited all Cap- 
tains and Lieut s to Dine with him at two P. M. on the 
Point at the head of fall Bay accordingly we waitted on 
his Honnour about three P : M : Carried our arms on 
Shore and Shot at Mark Cp* Simmons made the beft 
Shot about Half an houre by Sun we had A raoft Genteel 
feaft of A Roft Pigg Good wine Some Punch and Good 
old Sider We Drank the Congrefs health General 
Arnonds and Name d the Point by the Name of Arnolds 
Point and then broke Up 

Fryday 30 th Auguft this Day Wind Northerly and 
Clouda about Eleaven A. M. Cleard of Warm about 
five P. M our mate went on the Eaftern Shore and found 
Golden ore Near the water at the Same time General 
Arnold hoifted A Waft in his Enfign A Signel for all 
Boats oh board we Sent our boat on Board the Gen 1 
Sent us Some frefti Beef on Board So Ends this twenty 
four hours. 

Saterday 31 st auguft this Day the Wind Southerly 
and Clear about three P. M : the Comedore hoifted A 



273 

White Pendent on F. T. M. head A Signal for all Cap- 
tains to Come on Board accordingly they Went the 
General informd them that thare was Complant Made 
by the Inhabitants that thare houfes ware Rob d of 
Fumeture thare fields and Gardens of the frute thareof 
in thare abfence and Sepof d it to be done by the fleet 
y e General ordered that Cap ts Seaman & Sumner Should 
Go on Shore and vew the houfes & fields that the 
Inhabitants might Get Satiffaction for there Lofs and 
that no Boat Should be alow d to go on Shore Without 
an Officere in it who Should be anfwerable for the men 
So Ended this twentyfour hours Clear and Pleafent. . 

Sabbath 1 st September this Day the wind South and 
Clear and Pleafent about four P. M. the Comedore gave 
A Signel for Saileing the whole fleet was Emmeadiately 
under way. Run Down as far as the Bay weft of Split 
Rock and Came too about Eight P. M : So Endes this 
twentyfour houres 

Monday 2 d Sep tm this Day about Eight A : M : the 
Commedore had intilligence that the Enemy was about 
four miles from us Down the Lake he Imeadiately Sent 
his Boat through the fleet to be Ready for action at A 
minutes Warning accordingly we Roufed all hands up 
and Prepared for Battle on y e Shorteft Notice about Sun 
Rife orders was Given for Saileing the Whole fleet 
immedeately Got under Way Run Down as far as 
Gillilands Crick orders was Given that A boat Should 
be Sent up to Ticonderoga accordingly Cap c Simmons 
Sent his Boat With four hands on Board Run Down 
about one mile below the four Brothers Eleaven A : M :* 
the wind Luld Row d onwards and Came too an anchor 
at the Lower End of Schilers Ifleland 4 : P. M. in ten 
35 



274 

fathom of water the wind Shifted to S. W. So Ended 
the twentyfour hours. 

Tuefday 3 d Sep tr this Day the wind frefh Southerly 
about Sun half an houre in the morning orders ware 
Given that Some men out of all the Vefalls in the fleet 
to go on Shore on Shilers Ifleland to make Difcoveing, 
about Eight A : M. the Scout Return d found nothing 
imiediately the General Gave orders for Sailing the 
whole fleet Got under way about nine A. M Stood 
Down the Lake with frelh Breeze, about one P. M. 
Ariv d to Cumberlen head Whare our men in Boats 
Difcovered Some men in Number about twenty they 
fired three Swivels at them and then made to the fleet 
Some Rifell men Landed and Sarch d 

Cp* Simmons Put our Gondola about and Stood for 
the Land but Soon Recevd orders for makeing all the 
Sail he Could Down the Lake he Did ariv d to Ifle mott 
about four P. M. Run Down by the white house about 
three miles which is Ninety three miles from Crown- 
point and twenty Seven miles from S l Johns Came too 
form d A line up and Down the River imediately after 
we Came too Recev d orders that four Boats Should be 
imploy d as A Scout two to go Down the River and 
make Discoveries accordingly they Did three men in 
one boat fired at A Houfe and made an Alram all hands 
on Board was order d to thare Station Continued So 
untill morning So Ended this twentyfour hours. 

Wednefday 4 th JSep tr this Day the Wind at Nor west 
and Clear about ten A. M. we made Difcovery of Some 
Enemy on Shore the General Sent Six Boats to See who 
they ware they went Down the Lake about three miles 
about 1 P. M we heard them fire the General Gave 
orders for the Revenge and Liberty to Git under Way 



275 

jmediately Down the Lake they Sone Returned and 
Brought intilegence that the Enemy ware on an Ifleland 
about four Miles Down the Lake with Some field Pieces 
with them as Nigh as they Could Gues thare was about 
one hundred in Number. 

imediately the Gen rl ordrerd that the fleet Should form 
A Line of Battle acrols the Lake in the following form. 

the Royal Savague and Lee in y e Senter N haven on 
the Right Enterprife on the Left. Bolton on the Right 
Providence on the Left Philad a on y e Right Spitfire on 
the Left Jarfey on y e Right Connecticut on the Left 

Liberty on y e Right Revenge on the Left. 

<v 
^ fcJO 



V 



8 £ .% B 



V 



thirfday 5 th Sep tr 1776 this Day the Wind Northerly 
and Clear about twelue oclock our Boat Was ordered on 
Shore after fafheens for our Gondolas Round the fore 
Caftle Returned about 3 : P. M about Sun half an hour 
high orders Came to have me Command A Boat to go 
Down the Lake about two miles to Keep Guard I was 
Relev d about Eleaven at night I made no Difcovery 

Fryday 6 th Sep tr this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clear. Cp l Sumner on Board of Gondola Bolton Sent 
his Boat on Shore his men was ambufhd by y e Enemy 
and they fired upon them Kill d two men Right out 
wounded five more one of whome Died Soon after he 
Come on Board the Enterprife one more mortally wound- 
ed the other we are in hopes will Do well about this 
time the Sloop Lee and Gondola Jerfey arivd d and joind 
our fleet orders ware Given to all the fleet to Selute the 



276 

Lee from Rite to Left Liberty firft on the Rite Revenge 
one the Left So on in Succefsion Jerley, Connecticut, 
Philad a , Spitfire, Bofton, Providence, N. haven, Enter- 
prife, R. Savage then the Lee Saluted the fleet the Whole 
was Done in order and Good Difsepline at twelve oClock 
Lieu 1 Fox Came on Board and Dind with me the Sun 
about two hours high Cp* Sumner brought his Dead 
along Side it being on his way to the Shore to Bury 
them Likewife the Comedores Gunner being in haft of 
fireing at the Enemy on Shore (Which immideately 
Difperft them) Put a Ball in one Gun that was too 
Large Ram d it Down about half Ways on Ship d it and 
Carred it on Shore and fird it of and Did no harm. 

Saterday 7 th Sep tr this Day the Wind at South and 
Clouday it Soon Began to Rain and held Rany the 
whole twenty four hours I was orderd on Duty at four 
oClock in the Evening to be Relev d at Eight I went 
and nothing Extraydenary hapened. 

Sunday 8 th Sep tr this Day the Wind Northerly and 
Clouda. about twelve oclock orders for all the Gondo- 
las in the fleet to Get under way and Row under the 
Weftern Shore and thare hold them Selves in Readinefs 
for Sailing at the Generals Given A Signel for Sailing 
accordingly we Did Got under Sail and Saild up the 
Lake about Eight miles and Come too in about five 
fathoms of water on the weft Side of Me mott Cap 1 Sim- 
mons had A fit of the fever & ago. 

Monday 9 th Sep tr this Day the Wind Souterly and 
frelh our Boat Arivd from Ticonderago and brought 
News that Seth Raymond and Jack Negro was Dead 
these two belong d to Cap 1 Stevens Company and alfo 
that thare had been A hot Battle at York that five thou- 
fen fell on boath Sides three thoufen of Brittons two 



277 

Americans. Comedore Wiggles worth Ariv d hear about 
four P. M. about five P. M. orders Came that I muft 
Releve the Scouting Guard at Eight at Night I was 
Relev d at two in the morning. 

Tueiday 10 th Sep tr this Day the Wind South Very 
frefli. Detaile for me about Sun Set to go on Guard 
tomorow morning at four oclock the Night Very 
Squalle and Stormme it Carried away our Rudder. 

Wedneiday 1 1 th Sep tr this Day the Wind Norweft and 
Clear I went on Guard at four in the morning and want 
Relevd untill one in the afternoon about ten in the 
morning Gondola Sucfefs Cap 4 Lee Ariv d hear and 
Joined our fleet. 

Thirsday 12 th Sep tr this Day the Wind at North and 
Clear Very Plealent Cap 1 Simmons had A Very hard fit 
of the fever and Ago about ten A. M. I went on Shore 
and Pick d Some Blackburys this Day about Nine 
A: M: we heard the Report of about Sixty Cannon at 
Ifle anon or S 1 Johns, about Sun Set I Recev d orders 
to go on guard at twelve Oclock at Night accordingly 
I Did and want Relev d untill Eight in the morning fol- 
lowing. 

Fry day 13 th Sep tr this Day the wind South Very 
Stronge four of our Gondolas ware Oblig d to move for 
A better harbour, this Day we Din d on A Aple Pud- 
den the laft Dried Aples we had on board, it Raind 
untill about two P. M. and then Cleard of the Wind 
Luld ten P. M. 

Saterday 14 th Sep tr this Day the Wind Northerly and 
Some Clouda. Cap* Simmons fit of the fever & Ago 
Came on about seuen A. M. about Eight at night thare 
was a Battoe Loded with Provifions Arivd they met 
with Bad wether about the four Brothers and ware 
obligd to throw three Barrels over board 



278 

Sabbath 15 th Sep tr this Day the wind South in the 
morning about Nine A. M. Shifted to the weft about 
Eight A. M. A Battoe Ariv d With Provifions about 
twelve oclock the wind shifted to the Norweft thare 
held Very Strong untill Sun Set. 

Monday 16 th Sep tr this Day the wind North but 
Small we Sent our Boatswain up to Ticonderoga for a 
new Rudder Laft night orders to go on Guard I being 
not well I Got Serg t m c loraw to go in my room about 
Six P.M. M r Tiffany and I Bath d for the Itch with 
Brimstone tallow and tar mix together and Lay in our 
Cloaths. 

Tuefday 17 th this Day the wind at South and Rain 
about Seven A. M. Lieu 1 Whitcom Came in with two 
Prifeners from Canada taken in the Rode betwene S l 
Johns .and Laprare one of them being a Lieu 1 belonging 
to Britifh Army the other a Corporal S d whitcom being 
Gone from the fleet Which Lay near Point Afair about 
twelve Days the other Scout which went Down the 
other Side of the River Returnd on the 16 th brought 
in nothing but inform d us that our Enemies had Seven 
Sail allmoft Compleat and A Large number of Large 
Battoes about ten at night our Guard Spie d A Schooner 
and Some Boats Which they took to be Enemies but 
Prov d to be Part of our own fleet Which made an Alarm 
through the whole fleet I war ordered on Guard at 
twelve oclock at night I Got Serf M c Lora to go in my 
room I being Bath d for ye itch 

Wednefday 18 th Sep tr this Day the Wind at South and 
Some Rain but Clear in the afternoon the General 
ordered five Battoes one Shore at A french mans farm 
that he hath left they found Some Pertatoes and Some 
Corn which they brought on board about four Oclock 



279 

in the afternoon about five in the afternoon General 
Arnold Sent his two Prifeners up to Ticonderoga this 
Night m r Tiffany and I Bath d for the Itch the third 
time. 

Thirfday 19 th Sep tr this Day the wind Northerly and 
Clear about ten A M the fleet hove up and Stood up 
the Lake as far as Bay on the North Side of 

Cumberlen head Ariv d thare about five P. M. and Came 
too in about Seven fathom and an half of Water Good 
Bottom Schooner Liberty being on A Crufe up and 
Down the Lake was Decoy d by A man in french Drefs 
in A Small Cove on the Weft Shore Opefet the North 
End of Ille mott the above man makeing beleve he Was 
in Diftrefs and wanted to Come on board Cap 1 Primmer 
ordered his boat to back Starn Near the Shore and then 
order the man to Swim on board he waded in to his 
middle and told them he Could not Swim and he muft 
go Back he went back and give three Cahoops and im- 
meediately there arofe about Six hundreds manely Dreft 
in indian Drefs and fired upon our boat and upon the 
Schooner and Wounded five of our men two we are 
afraid mortally Cap 1 Primmer fired upon them about an 
houre and there Was Several Seen Carried of from the 
Shore. 

Fryday 20 th Sep tr this Day the wind Southerly but 
Small Serj 1 m c lowra being on Guard the Lieu 1 of the 
Gondola N w york was ordered to Releve him he Came 
within Swivel Shot and fired upon m c lowra without any 
Provication but Did no Damage at twelve Oclock Anfel 
Fox was Cabb d twelve Strokes on his Naked Buttucks 
for sleeping on his watch the wind increced at South and 
held very Stronge all night the Painter of the Battoe 
Parted and the went A Drift A more Winde night I 
Scerce Ever Knew. 



28o 

Saterday 21 Sep tr this day the wind Southerly and 
Clouda the wind much Abated, the General ordered 
five Battoes and two Schooners to go on Shore after five 
Battoes that Went A Drift they took our Guard Boats 
Crew of the Shore that ware Drove on Shore by the 
wind Laft night this Day I Recv d three Letters from 
home. 

Sabbath 22 d Sep tr this Day the wind Southerly but 
Small and Varable this morning at Eight. A. M. Ana- 
nius Tubbs was Cabb d twelve Strokes on his Naked 
Buttucks fro Sleeping on his watch the wind increaied 
at South weft untill night Lieu 1 Fox & Serf Whitney 
made us A Vifet 

Monday 23 d Sep tr this Day the wind Southerly and 
frefti and Some Clouda I went on Guard at twelve 
OClock & Was Relev d at Six in the morning at 3 P. M 
the Cap 1 of Gondolo N w York Came on board to Vew 
the hands on board Agreable to General Arnold 8 Orders 
Laft Evening 

Tuesday 24 th Sep tr this Day wind at Weft Norweft the 
General Gave A Sailing Signal about Seven A. M. the 
whole fleet hove up Imediately and Stood up the Lake 
as far as S 4 Antonies Bay about ten miles from Cumber- 
Ian head on the weft Side Ifle Belcore and Came too in 
about Six fathom of water Good bottom. 

Wednefday 25 th Sep tr this Day Wefterly wind and 
Clear about ten A. M. the General invited all Cap ts & 
Lieu ts to Dine with him on the Ifle of Bellchore ac- 
cordingly we went and had A moft agreable Entertain- 
ment, about twelve Oclock we heard the Report of 
Several Canon toward S l Johns 

Thirfday 26 th Sep tr this Day the Wind South and 
Clear at twelve Oclock Orders for the Whole fleet to fire 



28l 

at mark accordingly we Did at one P. M. one Round 
Each fired about one mile at an Empty Calk anchord 
the Wind increfe d untill night at Sowth it Snoo d this 
night 

Fryday 27 th Sep tr this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clouda at one P. M. orders that all the fleet Should fire 
one Round with all thare Guns at mark, the wind haft 
up at Norweft So frefti the General adjornd it. about 
Seven P. M. our Boatswain ariv d on board With A 
New Rudder he inform d me that he Left C. Point in 
order to joine the fleet on monday 23 d he mete with 
Schooner Liberty Cap 1 Primmer informd him that the 
fleet Lay at Schilers Ifleland and ordered him not to go 
any further he Did accordingly arivd thare and finding 
no fleet thare Put about and Returnd to C. Point and 
Got A boat to Come with him they not noing whare the 
fleet Lay Run by as far as P. A fair then Difpareing of 
Ever Seeing the fleet again tack* about and Stood for 
Crown Point ariv d to Cumberlen head and met with the 
Schooner Revenge which brought them too and Piloted 
them to the fleet. 

Saterday 28 th Sep tr this Day the wind Northerly and 
Clear I went on Guard at twelve oclock and Came of 
at Six at three P. M. the whole fleet fired at mark one 
Round in Each Gun the Providence made the bell: 
Shots in the fleet, this Day Lieu 4 Fox Din d With us we 
had A mefs of Greens which was Equil to any in the 
month of may. 

Sabbath 29 th Sep tr this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clouda and Rain which increaced untill midnight then 
Abated Serj* Paul Wells went on Guard in my Room I 
being not Very well. 

Monday 30 th Sep tr this Day the Wind Continued at 
36 



282 

South and flying Clouds about two P. M. Rogalle 
Trumbal Cap 1 Warner arivd Saluted the fleet with 
Seven Guns the Savage Saluted her with three Guns 
the above Galley Carries Eight Great Guns & Sixteen 
Swivels. 

Tuefday 1 st Oct r this the wind Northerly and Clear 
at Eight A M M r Stiles Return d from A Scout Down 
the Lake had ben Gone Eight Days he brought News 
y l the Enemy had fortify d Strong on Ifle anox and at 
River Lakale and that he lay Conceald and A boat Paft 
by him in which the General Burgeoine was which he 
knew. Difcorfe Pall betwene the General and two 
other Officers was that they intended to Send thare 
Schooner up in Sight of the Yanke fleet and then Re- 
treat and lead our fleet Down againft thare batterry and 
then Sink them all this Day we Could See Snoo on the 
mountains. 

Wednefday 2 d Oct r this Day the wind Northerly and 
Clear. I went on Guard at midnight and Came of at 
five OClock in the morning the wind Shifted Round in 
the South and Blowd A Gale from about Six P. M. to 
the morning following the Savage Drifted againft us 

Thirfday 3 d Oct r this Day the wind Continnued 
Southerly and Very Stronge we ware Oblig d to Pay out 
the whole Length of our Cables to Keep out of the 
way of the Royall Savage the Wind Continued Stronge 
at South untill night then Abated it Set in and Raind 
all night. 

Friday 4 th Oct r this Day the Wind Northerly and 
Clouda we Sent our boat on board Galley Trumball and 
Got two barrels of Pork & two Ditto of Bread the wind 
Continued Northerly untill Nex Morning. 

Saterday 5 th Oct 1 " this Day the wind Northerly and 



283 

Clear. I went on Guard at twelve Oclock and Came 
of at Six in the morning Lieu* Jacob Fox made us A 
Vifet. 

Sabbath 6 th Octo r this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clouda this morning I am not well about twelve oclock 
Rogalley Walhington Cap* thacher ariv d this Vefale 
Carries Nine Carrage Guns Sixteen Swivels, about one 
P. M. Rogalley Congrefs Cap 4 Arnold Ariv d this Galley 
Carries ten Carrage Guns and Sixteen Swivels these 
Veiales Saluted the fleet with fireing a Round the 
Comedore Saluted Each of them with five Guns. Gene- 
ral Waterbury Ariv d Came in Waftiington and joind our 
fleet they brought A Barrel of Rum for Each Gondola 

Monday 7 th Oct 1- this Day the wind Northerly and 
Clouda. this morning I feele Some beter Scooner 
Liberty ariv d and joind the fleet had been Gone up to 
ticonderoga about A Weeke to be repard they brought 
us Some Stores of frefh beefe and Suger. 

Tuelday 8 th Oct 1 " this Day the Sourtherly and Clouda. 
about Sun Set we brought Eight Gallons of Welt india 
Rum and two Gallons of Sider brande and three bufhels 
of Portatoes. 

Wednefday 9 th Oct 1 " this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clouda. 

Thirfday 10, Oct r this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clouda. 

Friday 1 1 Oct r this Day the wind at North and Clear 
thare was Snoe to be Seene on the mountains on the 
Weft Shore about Eight A. M. the Guard boat Came 
in and fired an Alarm and brought News of the Near 
Aproch of our Enemy about ten A. M. A twenty two 
Gun Ship hove in Sight and two Sixteen Gun Schoon- 
ers "and two Sloops and one floteing Batterry which 



284 

mounted twenty Six Guns Six twenty four Pounders 
and A Large number of boats, they Soon Gave us 
Battle We Returnd the Same to them they Soon Dis- 
abled one of our Scooners and Oblig d our men to Leve 
her and Get on Shore the Battle Lafted Eight hours 
Very hot they Landed men on Shore on boath Sides of 
us Which took Some Lives about four P. M. one of 
thare Schooners was Difabled fo that they ware oblig d to 
Come and tow her off With boats at Sun Set they 
Blow d up our Schooner and Set her on fire and Seaft 
fireing and Retreated as Near as I Can Gues we Loit 
about fifty Kill d and wounded after Dark orders was 
Given for our fleet to Retreat to Crownpoint accord- 
ingly we Did and Come by them undifcovered and 
Ariv d to Schilers Ifleland and Came too the wind being 
hard againft us. 

Saterday 12, Oct r this Day the wind at South, in the 
morning our Enemies appiear d in Sight the General 
ordered that the whole fleet to Get under way the 
Enemy Came hard againft us So that we ware Oblig d to 
Leve three Gondolas and make the beft of our way with 
boats two of which we Diftroy d and one of them the 
Enemies made ^\ Prife off the Reft made thare Efcape 
this Day by Rowing all night 

Sabbath 13 Oct r this Day the wind at North we be- 
ing againft the mouth of Gillilands Crick the Enemy 
hove in Sight and Perfued us with all Speede they Soon 
overtook the two Rear Rogalleys and Oblig d of them 
to Strike her Coulours and Come too the Galley Con- 
grefs Retreated and fought they Soon Came up With 
four Gondolas and the Congrefs who ware Oblig d to 
Run a Shore and blow them up and take to the land 
with the Lofs of but few we march d by land as far as 
againft Crown point and Log d in the woods. 



285 

monday 14 Oct r we travil d by Land as far as againft 
Putnum Point and thare met boats which took us on 
board we Ariv d to Ticonderoga about Sun Set about one 
hundred and fifty men mifing at Night thare Came A 
flagg of truce Came in With all our Prifeners Which 
was one hundred and four. 

Tuefday 15 Octr this Day the wind at South and 
Clear nothing Extroidenary happened. 

Wednefday 16 Oct r this Day the wind at South and 
Clear I went to See Brother more and found him Well 

Thirfday 17 Oct r this Day the wind Northerly and 
Raine. 

Friday 18 th Oct 1 " this Day the wind at North Eaft and 
Raind all Day. 

Saterday 19 this Day the wind Southerly, and Clouda 
nothing Extroidenery happened. 

Sabbath 20 Oct r this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clouda 

Monday 2 1 Octr. this Day the Wind Wefterly and 
Varable our Guard boat Spied Some of our Enemies 
and Came in. but ware Sent out again. I went on 
fortague. 

Tuesday 22 d Oct 1 ", this Day the wind Northerly and 
Clear I went over to Ticonderoga and bought two 
Shirts which Cauft £\. 19. two men Kill d four wounded 

Wednefsday this Day the wind Southerly and Clouda. 

Thirfday 24 Oct r this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clear and Pleafent. I went on main Guard and Paid 
my Entrens. 

Friday 25 Oct r this Day the wind Northerly and 
Clear and Pleafent. 

Saterday 26 Octr this Day the Wind Welt and Clear 
and Pleafent. 



286 

Sabbath 27 Oct 1 " this Day the Wind Southerly and 
foggy about ten in y e morning orders was Given for 
Rejoiceing for Victory over our Enemies at N. York, 
all men to Ouarters and to Give three hufzais the 
manuver Was Conducted with t Decency and Good 
order at one Oclock in the afternoon. 

Monday 28 th Oct r this Day the Wind at North Early 
in the morning our Enemies Apiear d at the three Mile 
Point three Boats with A Carrage Gun in Each bow 
one of which Came Within Cannon Shot of our North 
Eaft Battery and of our Rogalleys which Gave them 
Several Shots and we are of the Oppinion Kill d Some 
men but that I Cannot tell at this time fifteen other 
boats of A Smaller Size apier d alfo but at Sun Set they 
all Difapiear d and as we Sepofe Return d to Crownpoint. 

Tuefday 29 Ocr tr this Day the wind Wefterly and 
Squally and Cold. 

Wednefday 30 th Oct 1 " this Day the Wind at South and 
Chilli Cold which brought up Rain it Rain d A Con- 
fiderable Part of the Night this Day and for one or two 
Days Part I have ben unwell. 

Thirfday 31 Oct r this Day the wind Southerly and 
Rain at ten A. M. Col Gratons Reg 1 was ordir d Down 
the Lake but Soon Returnd. 

Friday 1 Novem r this Day the Wind South and 
Clouda and Squalle Some Snoo. 

Saterday 2 d Novm r this Day the wind South and 
Clear. 

Sunday 3 d Novm r this Day the wind South and Clear 
and Pleafent. 

Monday 4 th Novm r this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clear 

Tuefday 5 Novm r this Day the Wind Southerly and 



287 

Clear. We hear that our Enemies are Gone from 
Crown point 

Wednefday 6 Novm r this Day the wind Southerly 
and Clear our Poft Came in and brought News from 
York that the Kings Troops have advancd as far as the 
White Plains. 

Thirfday 7 Novmber this Day the wind South and 
Clear. I Sent thirty Eight Dollers home by the hand 
of Lieut Bill of Lebanon that belong d to Serf Cornelius 
Flowers Eftate and Like wife thirtyfive Dollors that be- 
long d to Jack Blackemones Eftate. 

Friday 8 th November this Day the wind Northerly 
and Clear Col Stronge of Addeion Came into our 
Camp and informd us that the Regulars ware actually 
Gone to S l Johns 

Saterday 9 Novm r this Day the wind South and A 
Very thick fogg. 

Sabbath 10 Nov r this Day the wind South and foggy. 

Monday this Day the wind Varaable toward Night it 
Cleard of and Something Cold I Recev d three Letters 
from home. 

Tuefday 12 Nov r this Day the wind Northerly Clear 
and Cold. A Very Cold night. 

Wednefday 13 th Nov r this Day the Wind Southerly 
and Clear and Pleafent. 

Thirfday 14 Nov 1 " this Day the wind Northerly and 
Clear I mounted Guard at ten A M and Came of in 
twentyfour hours 

Friday 15 Nov r this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clouda it Snoed in the Morning then turnd to Rain 
Very Drark Cloude Warm Day. 

Saterday 16 Nov r this Day the wind South and 
Clouda I was ordered on A Cortmartial we Sat tried 



288 

two Prifenrs and Cleard them boath. this Day thare 
was three Regiments ordered to Albany Cols Starks 
Poors & Reeds thare has four Regiments Gone home 
from Ticonderoga. 

Sabbath 17 Nov r this Day the wind North and Clear 
and Pleafent Co 1 Buel, being not Contented with our 
Judgment on the Prileners Yeiterday Ordered us to Set 
again We did and found them boath Gilty by New 
Evidence one of them A Corporal Reduc d him to the 
Rank of A Private the other to be Whipped twenty 
Ladies on his Naked back. 

Monday 18 Nov 1 " this Day the wind Northerly and 
Clear three Regiments March d of viz Gratons Bonds 
and Porters this Day Cap 1 Watfen and Lieu* Rily and 
M r Hubbard our Paymafter and my Self mov d into Co 1 
Beuels Houfe. 

Tuefday 19 th Nov 1 " this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clear all the Officers in our Regiment ordered on 
fertague. 

Wednefday 20 Nov 1 " this Day the wind Southerly 
and Clear all officers and Soldiers ordered on fertague 
thar was two Regiments March d homward this Day Col s 
Paterfen and Finne. 

Thiriday 21 Nov 1 " this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clouda all ordered on fertague as before. 

Friday 22 d Nov r this Day the Wind Southerly and 
Clear. 

Saterday 23 d Nov r this Day the Wind Southerly and 
Clouda. 

Sabbath 24 th Nov r this Day the wind Southerly and 
Rainne Very Warm wether for the time of Year 

Monday 25 Nov 1 " this Day the Wind South and 
Rainne our Regiment all muftred 



289 

Tuefday 26 Nov r this Day the Wind South and 
Clouda. 

Wednesday 27 Nov r this Day the Wind Southerly 
and Warm and Pleaient. 

Thirfday 28 Nov r this Day the Wind Southerly and 
Rain. 

Friday 29 Nov r this Day the Wind Southerly and 
Rain. 

Saterday 30 th Nov r this Day the Wind Southerly and 
Rain at Evening I was invited to Sup With Cap fc Buck- 
land on Steu d Fowls and Rofted Ditto A moft Genteel 
Feaft. 

Sabbath 1 Dec r this Day the wind Northerly and 
Clear. 

Monday 2 d Dec r this Day the Wind Northerly and 
Cold thare being Some Snow on the Ground. 

Tuefday 3 d Dec r this Day the wind Southerly and 
Raw Cold and Clouda Laft Evening News Came in 
Camp from Crownpoint that one of our Enemies 
Schooners hove in Sight thare which Put us in an 
Alarm We Ware ordered to hold our Selves in Reade- 
nefs for Battle in Cafe of an atack. 

Wednefday 4 th Dec r this Day the Wind Southerly 
and fogga and Warm Laft Eveninge We found that it 
Was A miftake in our Spy boat Concerning the Scooner 
Which hove in Sight at Crownpoint it Proved to bee A 
boat only under A top Sail 

Thirfday 5 Dec r this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clear and Pleafent this Day I had the Command of the 
main Guard Nothing Extroardenary Happened, on this 
Day the State of Connecticut Kept as a Day of thanks- 
given and Prayer in Immetation of which our Battallion 
furni(h d themfelves with as Good Victuals as this Part 
37 



290 

of the Country Would afford. Co 1 Beuel and Major 
Sedgwick Made A Very Genteel feaft for the officers in 
the Battallion they all met and Conducted With De- 
cency and Good order. 

Friday 6 Dec r this Day the Wind Southerly and 
Warm and Pleafent. 

Saterday 7 Dec r this Day Southerly Wind and Warm 
and Pleafent 

Sabbath 8 Dec r this Day the Wind Wefterly and warm 
but Squalle. orders ware Given by Co 1 Wyne that all 
officers and Soldiers Should turn out on the Grand 
Perade at troop Beating With Cleene Cloaths on and 
Poudered Hare accordingly we Did and Ware Soon 
Difmilt. 

Monday 9 th Dec r this Day the Wind Very Stronge 
at North and Cold I with Several others Went Down 
the Lake A hunting and had Poor Luck Killed Noth- 
ing. Slept at 

Tuefday 10 th Dec r this Day the wind Northerly and 
Cold we took A morning hunt and had no Luck and 
Endeavered to Return home in our Boat but the lie 
Pervented us We Ware Abliged to Come by Land as 
far as m r Crigers and then Crols the Lake. 

Wednefday 1 1 Dec r this Day the wind Northerly and 
Cold Several of us went Down on the Crick and had A 
Rafe on the Ife. 

Thirfday 12 th Dec r this Day the Wind Southerly and 
Clouda A Small Snow fell Laft Night. 

Friday 13 th Dec r this Day the wind Northerly and 
Clouda. 

Saterday 14 th Dec r Fresh Gales from NN West this 
24 Hours with Squalls of Snow & Cold. 

Sabbath 15 Decr this Day the Wind Northerly and 
Very Cold, the Lake is frozen over tite. 



291 

Monday 16 Dec r this Day the wind Wefterly and 
Something Warmer than Yefterday but Squalls of 
Snow. 

Tuefday 17 th Dec r this Day the Wind Continewed at 
North & Very Cold. 

Wednelday 18 Dec r this Day frefh Gales from North 
and Clear and Cold 

Thirfday 19 Dec r this Day North Wind and Cold. 

Friday 20 Dec r this Day the Wind at North and 
Very Cold 

Saterday 21 Dec r this Day Stormy and Something 
Warmer, held Very much Such Wether untill Thirfday 
26 Dec r when A Snow fell about fourteen inches Deep. 

Friday 27 Dec r this the wind Northerly and Clouda. 
Lair. Night Came into Camp A man from Skensbury 
that brougt News that he left one Peleg hart about Six 
Miles back much tir d and beat out Cap 1 Throop with 
Sevaral others went Direcly after him and found him 
Dead and brought him in this morning. 

Saterday 28 Dec 1 " this Day the Wind Northweft and 
Cold. 

Sunday 29 this Day the wind South weft and Some- 
thing warmer, this Day thare was two men found Dead 
near Lafes Camp Sepof d to Periih with Cold the 26 th of 
inftant Dec 1 ". 

Monday 30 Dec r this Day Clear and Pleafent Varable 
Winds. 

Tuefday 31 Dec 1 * this Day the wind Southerly and 
Clouda and Warm. 

Wednesday 1 Jan y 1777 

this Day the wind Southerly and Rain Which Lafted 
untill midnight Which Cauf d A Connderable thaw, 
major Sedgwick Set out for home. Cap 1 Watfon M r 



292 

Hubbard & my Self ware invited to Dine with M r Bur- 
rel the Comelary we ware Entertained Very Genteelly. 

Thirfday the Weather in General is Cold and Clear 
& has ben untill Now Which is the 6 th Day. 

Jen y 6 Monday this Day the Wind at North and 
Cold. 

Tuefday 7 th Jen y this Day Cold & Clear. Co 1 Simons 
Arived hear With three hundred men. 

Wednefsday 8 Jen y . Clear and Cold Not much Wind. 

Thirfday 9 Jen y . this Day the Wind South weft and 
Cold thare was A Vifibel Eclips on the Sun. 

Friday 10 this Day Cold and Clear Part of A Regi- 
ment Ariv d from Dearfield. 

the weather held Clear and Pleafent untill 

Friday 17 Jen y . Very Cold and Small Snow Storm. 

Saterday 18 Jen y . this Day the Wind at South and 
Cold about 1 1 A: M: Some of our men in Perlute of 
wood about fifty Rods from the Picket fort found frose 
and Dead I went Down to See him and found him to 
be one turner A Soldier he apeird to be Dunk and Loft. 

Sabbath 19 th Jen y this Day the Wind at South and 
Raw Cold, at ten A M : there Was two men Recev d one 
39 Lafhes the other 15 Laflies for Stealing. 

Monday 20 th Jen y this Day the wind at North and 
Very Could. We found that one of the men that was 
flogg d Yefterday was not Sentenced by the Court Mar- 
tial but Recev d his Punifhment through Miftake. 

Tuefday 21 st Jen y this Day Clear and Cold Varaable 
Winds. 

Wednefday 22 d Jen y this Day the wind North the 
Weather Pleafent M r Hubbard Set out for Albany. 

Thirfday 23 Jen y this Day faire and Pleafent the 
Varable. 



293 

Friday 24 Jen y this Day South Winds and Rain and 
thawe 

Saterday 25 Jen y this Day Warm and thawe the 
wind at South 

Sabbath 26 Jen y . this Day the Wind Norweft and 
Squals of Snow 

27 the Weather Continued much the as Yefterday. 

28 Tuefday the Wind at South and Somthing 
Warmer. 

29 Wednefday held Warmer. 

30 Friday Good Weather and Clear Co 1 Wayn Came 
over and Deiired our Regiment to tarry two weeks but 
they Refilled. 

31 Good weather our men went of in the Night 
Contreary to Gn Orders. 

1 Feb y Clouda and Warm Weather 

2 do Rainne and warm 

S* Ane 26 th April 1776 

Parole Thomas 

Countersign London 

Orders It is the Commanding Officers Orders that 
no Gun be herd unlels upon Some Special Occation 
and that no infult or Damage be done to any of the In- 
habitants no Pilfering of Houfes or Pillaging Watting 
or Dittroying of Any thing either in fields Gardens or 
Orchards if any Person or Perfons are found offering 
any infult to the female Sex in Particular or found 
Offering any money to Entice any Woman to be im- 
mediately Confined and Tryed by A Court martial. 
Thefe Orders are ifued upon account of A Complaint 
made by Some Inhabitants of an infult offered by Some 
of Cp l Greens Party who went over yetterday and at- 



294 

tempted to Delude Some women the Officers are to 
See theie Orders bee Strictly Obeyed, the Command- 
ing Officer flatters himfelf he Shall not be Obliged to 
Repeat theie Orders Again as he Expects ye Stricteft 
Difcipline will be observed, no Soldiers • whatever to 
fire upon any Boat or Canoe were Indians are in till firft 
Called to if they Dont underhand them an Intrepeter 
be Provided for that Parpose. By Order of the Com- 
manding Officer By 

Thomas Hibbard Aaf 

Saint Anns 26 th Ap 1 1776 

Parole Butterfield 

Counterhgn Kimball 

A Guard Consisting of One Serjeant One Corporal 
and Twelve Privates to Mount to Morrow Morning at 
Eight OClock. Also One Serf One Corporal and Ten 
Men to turn out at the fame time for the working Party 
under the Directions of Ensign Wells, also One Serf 
and 2 Private to Parade at same time as a Scouting Party 
and take their Directions from the Officer of the Fort. 

No Non Commifsioned Officer or Soldier to leave 
this Fort more than the Distance of half a Mile without 
a permit signed by the Commanding Officer of the Fort 
upon Pain of being Tryed by a Court Martial for dis- 
obedience of Orders also to be in the Fort at 8° Clock 

every Night. 

Jefse Kimball Com 1 " 

Saint Anns Ap r 27 th 1776 

Parole Stevens 

Counterfign Patterson 

A Guard to mount tomorow morning as Ufual. 
Scouting Party as Ufual. 



295 

Fatuge 1 Coporal & 6 Privets to Perade With the 

Guard and Scouting Party under the Direction of Serf 

Flower 

Jefse Kimball Com dr 

Fort S l Anns April 28 th 1776 

Parole Montreal 

Counterfign Poin Clear 

Orders that A Guard to be mounted Confisting of 1 
Serjent 1 Coporal and Eight Privets to mount at the 
time of Day as ulual. 

the Scouting Party as ulual the fatuge Party Confist- 
ing of 1 Coporal & ten Privets to be under the Direc- 
tions of Serf Cornelius Flower 

Jefse Kimball Com dr 

S 1 Anns April 29 th 1776 

Parole Willard 

Counterfign Wells 

Orders that A Guard to be Mounted tomorrow morn- 
ing as Ulual. the Scouting Party as Ulual the fatugue 
Party 6 Privets under the Command of Serf Cornelius 
Flower. 

that one Serf and 6 Privets to Crofs the River to the 
Saw mill after A Battoe Lod of Boards 

Jefse Kimball Com dr 

S* Anns April 30 th 1776 

Perole Canaan 

Counterfign Cornwall 

Orders that A Guard bee mounted tomorrow morn- 
ing as ulual. 



296 

the Scouting Party the Same A Fateague Party one 
Serjt on Corporal and ten Privates the Whole to Parade 
as ufual. 

that A Commiision Officer to View the Arms and 
Ammunition of all the Company at Roll Calling which 
Shall be at Half after Six OClock in the afternoon to- 
morrow, and for the futer the Company Shall Appear 
at Roll Calling at the Above mention 3 time Every Day 
untill thefe orders be Rvoked. also you are to Sleep 
with your arms Near you in Cafe of an Alarm you may 
be Ready for Action Imediately. 

alfo no Centinel to Set Down on his Poll 

alfo that no Perfon Shall Set Down and Eafe them- 
felves of their Bodily Excrements Within Seventy 
yards or Paces of this Garifon and the Officer of the 
Guard is to See that the Above Orders^ Be Complied 
With and in Cafe of Difobediance all found So Offend- 
ing Shall be tried by A Cort mertial and Receve Such 
Punifhment as they Shall inflict 

Jefse Kimball Comd r 



A Scale of the Wages of Cap*, of Companys and all 
under Officers and Privates P r Day 
Cap 1 . 
Lieu 1 . 
Ef n . 
Serg 1 . 
Corp 1 . 
Private 



£0 


5 4 





3 n 





2 8 





1 71 





1 Si 





1 4 



JOURNAL 

of 



JOSEPH JOSLIN Jr. 



ot 



SOUTH KILLINGLY 



zA Teamster in the Continental Service 



March 1777 — August 1778 



38 



[Note: — The remainder of this journal, which extends to March, 1779, does 
not relate to the Revolution, contains little that is of interest, and is therefore 
omitted,] 



299 



South Killingly March ye 5 1777 

I first Egaged in the C A or Service to Drive a team 
& Moses Wilder and Moses & John Robinson likewise 
all of Said Killingly I heard first of it last knight and 
the Sun about an hour high this morng I Set out and 
went to Mr wilders & moses and I Set out and the Snow 
was very Deep & we went to Landlord willsons & Dinkt 
a littel flip for it was Exceeding Cold wd and then the 
2 Robinsons overtook us for they Did Ride & about 10 
Clock we Set out from there in order to go to Colchester 
where we was to take our teams well we put along and 
went through Pomphret & abinton Parrish into the 
Edge of windham and Lodged at John Parrishs and we 
had a good Supper of fried veal and Coffe or Chocolate 
I think and a good bed to lie in which Did greatly Re- 
fresh us 

Early in the morning we Set out again & went into 
windham town and it was Exceeding Cold and we got 
W Jindea to Drink and then we went through the town 
and got a very good brakfast and we then Put along 
and it was Some Cloudy and not So Cold as it had ben 
and we went into lebenon and Refreshed us again and 
then into Colchester two mild west of the meeting house 
and it thawed a good Pace and looks Quite likely for 
Rain & we went to one Roger Buckleys and there was 
one Stephen herrick which Esq harskel had hired also 
and we got there about 2 Clock and it Rained Some in 
the afternoon and Just in the Evening it Snowed a littel 
Mr Buckly Come home from hartford & Said we must 
got to Danbury to Cart for the army and that I Did not 
very well like But however wilder and I went to Joshua 
Bucklys and Did lie in a bed and So it goes &c 



300 

7 was Some Cloudy & we fodderd the oxen & 
Branded them & the Carts and got Some wallnut & 
made us Some whip Stafes & Moses Robinson & I went 
all about the Neighbours and bought Some Blankets 
for now we knew we must lie on the floor and So it is 
yet But we live well Sider Eno and to knight I Did lie 
at Roger Buc 

8 We Loaded our Carts with Pressd hay 4 Bundels 
Each & then we had 60 oxen 5 of us beside Esq harskel 
and he Drove a team as well as we But he had all the 
care about Pay'g for them as we traveled and we Eat 
Some Dinner to old gershom Bulklys and about two a 
Clock we all Set out for Danbury being in great haste for 
fear the River would brake up & we went 6 milds into 
Est haddam and Staid at one Olmstead and had the best 
of victuals to Eat and a bed to lie in and it was Quite 
warm and thawe and Stephen Herrick and Moses Rob- 
inson both turnd over their Carts the other Side up and 
it was Some thing warm for the time 

9 in the Morning we yokte up our teams and went 2 
or 3 mild to Moudos ferry or Landing and the ice was 
very week and we Sleded over the hay one half & then 
took the Carts over with one yoke and got all over Safe 
the other Side into old haddam and it was Cloudy all 
day after this and we went up the River Severel milds 
and it was very bad Carting Sir and Just at Dark it Be- 
gun to Rain finely and we Put up at a Private house 
and give them our own hay and I Did lie on the floor 
& it Did not agree withe me very well Sir Sower Bread 
and fat Pork and tators to Eat &c 

10 in the morning I think it was Clear and we fod- 
derd the oxen & then we Set Sail and it was up hill and 
Down almost Dreadful Carting indeed Sir But we got 



3d 

along and went By haddam meeting house and at one 
Brainerds we got Some Sither and then we traveld 
along and went by one Small Pox house and I never 
See worse Carting in my life the Snow thawed & it was 
very hot indeed for the time year and we lugd along 
for we got or took the wrong Road and went away to 
the wright Down that hill that is above a mild and it 
was very Steep Sir and bad But we got Down into the 
hollow and there we found a house and barn and mill 
and Some Peopel alive well we fodderd our oxen with 
our own hay and Eat Some very good Supper and Did 
lie on the floor and this was in the Bounds of middel- 
town Sir and we are very well Contented I believe 

1 1 was Clear and Pretty warm I think and we went 
Down the Brook and in the Road the Brook was for the 
hills was So Close to [ ] no other 
way be and we went through Durham town into Wal- 
lingsford town and Just at knight it was a littel Cloudy 
I think But we got our Cattel out a very good Place 
and then the old fellow gave us Some Sither and we 
went and Staid at one Clerks & Did lie on the floor and 
gave two pence a Peice for that 

12 in the morning it was Cloudy and Rained Some 
and foggy and I was Lost for my Part N and South 
would not be wright to me But we Set out after we had 
grapeled a while upon that mind meat and 4 Square 
bean Porridge and we went along & the Snow Did thaw 
as fast as I Ever Did See it I think So the Road would 
be full of Brooks or warter Sir and wet feet to Day & it 
was very bad Carting But we Stopt at the good old mans 
house there and got a Dreadfull good Dinner and then 
we Put along and Staid in Shesher at one Doolittels a 
Leivtenent and there we fodderd our own hay out and 



302 

we Did lie in a bed and Sider Enough Sir and live very 
well Sir 

13 it Rained very Cleverly and fast and the Snow 
melted a Pace and by and by after noon it Slaked a 
littel and we yokte up and went 3 milds and a half in 
Chesher Still and Staid at Land Lord Mosses and we 
Drinkt a bottel of Brandy and then a good Supper 
and he found our Cattel hay Sir and I think we Did 
lie in a bed and it is Pretty warm and thawe Surely 
it is and So 

14 in the morning it was very Cold Sir and windy at 
the N-W and we got Some breakfast and then we Set 
out again and went a littel way and then we had a 
mountain to go up 1 mild or more I think they Say 
and we got along up the hill and then we got Some flip 
you See and then it was almost noon but we Put along 
through warterbury town Sir and it is very bad Cart- 
ing to Day the^ Snow is about all gone and it is mudy 
Enough Quite Sir and we Staid at one Sperrys a new 
tavern it was it was So new that they gave us hot 
warter to Drink and Called it Chocolate and So it goes 
and I Did lie in a Bed at the other house and So about 
13 mild to Day. 

15 in the morning I Lookt over the Swomp and See 
the Sun Rise & it lookt Just like Spring and we Set out 
again and we got Some Dinner to Day and gave the 
oxen Some Corn and So it is Ouite warm and we went 
through the woods & we Staid at one John muns and 
we fare well and Did lie in a bed and it was in the 
bounds of woodbury & 

16 we went through woodbury Parrish Called South- 
bury, and the Small Pox was very thick by the Side of 
the Street & we Came to the River and there was a 



303 

Drove of Cattel a Comeing over the fery & we Could 
not git over But 2 teams to Day and the Small Pox 
very thick about and I was Some afraid But we Staid 
at the Yellow house & we Did lie in a bed & live very 
well & 

17 we went to work Pretty Early in the morning and 
Just got the teams over about noon and then we Pusht 
along into new town & Moses wilder & John Robinson 
we went a littel further then the Rest & we Staid at one 
boothes a very Clever Place But I have heard he was a 
tory But we fared Rite well and Did lie in a bed good 
hay for the oxen and So it was with us you See 

18 we got breakfast and then we Started along and it 
was Pretty warm and we Did Climb along over the hills 
and got over one very bad Swomp and then over the 
hill or mountain into Danbury about 2 or three a Clock 
and it Lookt Some hazy and we went by the Church to 
John Mcleans barn and onloaded the hay and turnd out 
the oxen and then we went to Mrs Clarks and got Some 
Drink and then we" went about and after a while we got 
Some victuals at Esqs thad us Bennedict and then we 
Did lie in Mcleans barn and So I have to live you See 

19 we got Some breakfast to Capt David taylors and 
then took Care of oxen and greased the wheels and I 
went and found a Place to have our Clothes Washed 
and it was at on Ebenezer munsons and we got Some 
Dinner at Comforts hoyts and it was a very warm Day 
and I think I See Some Prisoners Come from Peekskill 
and at knight we Did lie on the floor at Esqs Benedicts 
and I thought they was very nice Peopel 

20 we 4 Set out to . Stanford and Harskel and John 
Robinson went through Ridgfield and it was Cloudy 
and South wind and we went 6 mild and it begun to 



304 

Rain Some and we got into Redding & Stopt to Joseph 
Sanfords and it was a very Smart Rain all Day and we 
Staid all knight well now we had Drew allowance beef 
and bread &c 

2 1 in the morning it was Cloudy But it Did not Rain 
& we Put along & went by a Small Pox house and we 
went through wilton and there we got Some flip to 
mathew marvins and then through Norwalk and Mid- 
delsix into Stanford town 24 mild and then we Put out 
our oxen and then Did lie in the barn and So it was 
Sir 

22 we loaded Pork I think and beef & Came back 
through midelsix Norwalk into wilton P to mathew 
marvin 17 milds & a very good Place indeed Sir and 
we Did lie on the floor and So it is you see 

23 we came into Danbury again & then we onloaded 
the Pork & and then we took Care of the oxen and 
then we Did lie on the floor to thad us Benedict and it 
was Some Cloudy toward knight &c 

24 we Set Rite Back again and went to wilton 15 mild 
to marvens again and I think herrick Staid at home & 
Capt haskel with us & we 4 went again &c 

25 we got to Stanford the Sun about 3 hours high 
and then we loaded I think flower & wine & brady and 
we filld the oxen well & then about Day light in we 
yokte up our teams and Came away for fear of the Ene- 
my and we Came to wilton again 17 milds and it was a 
very Cold knight Sir it Squalled Some and we got there 
a littel before Sun Rise and turnd out &c 

26 Day we Came into Danbury and that is the Chief 
I am a going to tel you Sir I believe we had Pretty good 
luck Sir &c 

27 we onloaded and then Rest the oxen to Day and 



3°5 

I am very glad Sir & at knight we went to mr munsuns 
and Eat a Pot of wheat & Endian Puding Charming 
good Sir &c 

28 Herrick and I set out to Stanford with iron & 
horskel went with us and we Did go through Ridgfield 
Sir to Pound Ridg in york and Staid to one Joseph 
Lockwoods and Did lie in a bed Sir and it was N-W 
wind I think and it was Exceeding bad Carting Sir &c 

29 it was a Cloudy Cold Day and we went through 
Canaan into Stanford and got there a littel before knight 
& we Due not live very well Sir for we have nothing to 
Eat only beaf and bread flung into an old bag and we 
Did lie in the barn and So it is 

30 in the morning it was Clear and warmer and 
we loaded Some Pressed hay and then we Set out for 
home again and we Came along as far as the good 
tavern again. 

31 we arrived to Danbury again and So it goes the 
Rest of them have bin to Cumpo and it is N-W wind 
and Quite Cool and John Robinson is not well and Capt 
Harskel Nither about this time and So now 

April 1 it was very windy and Cold Sir and we Did 
take Care of the oxen and greased the Carts & helpt M. 
B&ACW&C 

2 we Did Set out for Horse neck I Suppose and one 
W m Clemmons that Drove Capt Morgans team went 
with us and it was N-W wind and Cold and Some 
Cloudy as yesterday was and we went to mr marvens 
and turnd out an So no more &c 

3 it Did Rain but we went to middelsex and turnd 
out for we thought it was to bad So in the Rain and the 
mans name was and Just at knight the 
Sun Shind 

39 



306 

4 very Early in the morning we Put along toward 
the Neck & it was very Cold indeed Sir and we went to 
the mills and Loaded 8 barrels of flower a Peice & then 
we Eat Some Raw pork and Bread and then we Came 
along by the Small Pox house and then we Came to 
Norwolk to a Diabolical bad tavern I Say & about 22 
mild we have ben or more to Day and we Did lie by 
the fire almost froze indeed Sir oh Remember Clem- 
mons for Ever & Ever 

5 Early in the morning we Came away with out any 
breakfast & paid him Price Enough to ah Burn him ah 
well we got as far mr marvens there we turnd out 
our oxen and filld them up well and it is N-w wind 
and the oxen Did Eat & Rejoice to think they had got 
away from old grigs or there abouts & We got home to 
Danbury about 10 Clock and Some time and 

6 we Did not much only take Care of the oxen and 
herrick and I went 3 mild after Some Sap and at knight 
we had Some good Sap or milk porridge oh goode 
goode 

7 We onloaded the flower and got the oxen Shod 
and give them Corn and hay and 

8 we Set out to wilton for flower and we went to 
mr marvens and Staid all knight and it was pretty hot 
indeed 

9 we went to Burrill Betts mill and got the flower 
and it is Exceeding hot and I am 18 year old to Day 
and we Came back to mr marvens and hubbels and 
turnd out 

10 about 3 a Clock we was Calld up to See if we 
would go and help ketch a tory that had Come home 
from the Regulars and we Did go But Could not ketch 
him but he was ketcht the next knight and So he was 



3o7 

and then we Come back and yokte our teams and Came 
to Danbury and it was very warm and Some Cloudy and 
So Suckers Run 

1 1 Day we fixt our loads of pork and about 2 a Clock 
we Set out to peekskill and went to Ridgbury about 6 
mild and it was Some thing bad Carting and to Capt 
Doolittels we Staid 

12 it is a littel Cooler and we went through Salem 
and then into Coottins mannor and Staid at old father 
Roughs that Came from the back bone of the world and 
So you See it is Some Cloudy now 

13 we went through Crumpond to Peekskill and we 
onloaded at the landing and it was Cloudy and went to 
the f e . M 1 . but Could git no hay and we Drew Some Rum 
and then it was Dark and Raind and was Cold and we 
Came about 2 mild and turnd out & Did lie by the 
fier and 

14 we Came back to Mr Roughs the Sun about 3 
hours high and it is Some Cooler and we had had very 
Stinking beef to Eat this journey oh Dear Sus very bad 

15 we Came along to Danbury but Last knight I 
must tell you we had very bad fortain Sir we had of 3 
teams 1 2 Chains Stole and the other 3 was in a nother 
Lot So they Escaped but I Lost 6 my Self 4 off of the 
Cart & 2 by the yokes and So it Sir and we Didnt Eat 
any thing, til l aclock in the afternoon at Doolittels and 
then we got into Danbury just before knight and Eat 
Some pudden & milk 

16 we Rest to Day and I am Exceeding glad and it 
is Some warmer and I bough one Coat and jacoat of the 
Soldiers and So Sed we Drawd Rum & Sauce to Day 11 

17 in the forenoon we Did not any thing only walk 
about the Street and this after noon we had to go after a 



308 

Load of Stone apice l mild off and it Raind all the while 
almost it was for the blacksmiths Shop or fire place &c 

18 it is Cloudy But W m Clemmons and I weighed 
Some iron and Loaded Each of us a load and about 1 
a Clock we Set out for hartford and we went 1 1 Mild 
into Ridgbury and tumd out ad we Doe Depend on the 
floor for a bed Sir 

19 we went through New milford and Staid at one 
Hitchcocks and Could not git any hay only what we 
had with us & it was Some Cloudy and we Staid in 
Raumog understand 

20 well Early in the morning we went Directly up 
Mount torn a Dreadfull bad hill in deed Sir 1 mild up 
it or more and then we got Some hay and bated & got 
Some breakfast and then at 9 Clock we Put along again 
& it Raind all Day by Spells But we went through 
Litchfield into the Edge of Herrinton and it was very 
bad Carting Sir and good hay Enough and Sider Enough 
here and I Did lie in a bed Sir at Land L Phillips 

21 we Set out again and went through Herwinton 
into farmingtown and it was very bad Carting indeed I 
Declare and we Staid at a very good tavern old Capt 
Coles and we fare well and Did lie in a bed I think 

22 well we Set out from here and it was as fine Cart- 
ing as need to be to Hartford and we got there Just as 
the Clock Struck 12 and then we onloaded our iron at 
Colo 1 wardsworth Store and then we Loaded Load of 
Salt to Carry to Danbury and then Clemmons and I we 
Carted a load of hay for our Cattel and he took the old 
white mare and went home to Symbury and I staid at 
wardsworth 

23 I went up Street and got a barrel of Sugar for to 



309 

Carry & then I workt Some in the garden and had good 
Sammon for Dinner and 

24 it was Cloudy for It Raind Some last knight & 
about 9 Clock I Set out alone for Clemmons had not 
Come and I went to farmingtown to old Capt Coles 
again and had just fbdderd the oxen and Clemmons 
Came up with me and we Did lie in a bed Sir and to 
Day is a fast Day and I have Eat Raw Pork Sevrel tims 
here in this town the willows are leaved out & the apele 
trees almost and there is grass about half leg high and 
Rie is almost a heading out here 

25 we Came to herwinton at L Phillips and Laid in 
a bed and then by the way we Brake one wheel But we 
got the Black Smith to gripe her up But it was tedious 
Bad Carting Sir 

26 we Came through Lichfield and it was very bad 
Carting to Day I Say and it was Cloudy but Some warm 
& we Came to the top of Mount torn & I heard that the 
Regulers to Danbiiry now 

27 it Raind in the forenoon and we Staid up the 
mount yet But in the afternoon it Cleared away and 
was very Cold But we Staid here the Day and we herd 
that the Enemy had Burnt the Stores at Danbury 

28 Last knigh it froze on the Heads of the barrels 
almost a Quarter of an Inch thick and we came Down 
mount torn along to new milford and onloaded our Salt 
& there we turnd out our teams at one Bostwics and 
Did lie in a bed and I See a piece of wheat about half 
leg high 

29 it was a very Cold Cloudy Day for the time ah it 
Squalled Some and we Staid in town waiting for orders 
and our Cattel fare well now about 12 a Clock I heard 
that the Enemy had got on Board of their Ships about 



3io 

Sun Set last knight and So it is on friday the 25 of 
Aprill 1777 the Enemy landing at Cumpo and just at 
knight and by Satuarday 2 or 3 o Clock got to Danbury 
and there they Did Destroy Stores 

30 last knight went up to mr Starrs and got one hogs- 
hed of Clove warter and brought it Down to Bostwicts 
we Set of out from New Milford and Came to Danbury 
and it is Cloudy well then I Did see the houses was 
Burnt and we went to Capt hoyts and kept oxen all 
there which was 50 or 60 

May 1 th 1777 

we got our oxen Shod "and Did grease the wheels and 
it Raind Some and Capt Harskel willder moses Robin- 
son Herrick is gone to the North River to Day 

2 we Loaded Some Pork and Set out to go to the 
North River at Peekskill and we went to M r Roughs 
an Courtlins manor and we had a guard go with us & 

3 we went to the North River and onloaded and came 
out 3 mild and Stayed at one boyds and gave very Dear 
for keeping the oxen 4 S 6 yoke and I See a pair of 
oxen I fort to girdel & a going to gen 1 : Washington and 

4 was Cloudy and misty all Day and we Did git to 
Danbury about 9 Clock about 30 mild But I tired 2 
oxen and just as we turnd them out it begun to Rain 
and then there was no fire and nothing to Eat But Dry 
Bisket and So it goes and So it Did go 

5 Stephen Herrick & I agreed to Stay 6 months 
longer for 15 Dollers per month and we Loaded Some 
pork & Set out to the North River Again & went to 
Capt Dilivars in Courtlins mannor and it was Something 
warm to Day 

6 we went to the River & onloaded and Came back 



3ii 

to Capt Drakes 2 mild and gave our oxen wheat and 
bought Some Super ane lie on the floor Sir 

7 we Came to Sam 1 Dillivars about noon and it was 
Cloudy and we turnd out our teams and barns and I 
Carted one Stack of hay for them last Suaterday knight 
our men took 9 torys & on munday k the torys took 
Some of our men and Carried off& it is Said Rogers is 
in the woods with a number of men to take our men to 
N york and So it is here 

8 we Came home to Danbury and I had the thorough 
gorimbels Some and not a bit well Sir Now Esq harskel 
barns and I went this journy 

9 Last knight it Raind very Smart and all this fore- 
noon and I am very unwell and it was Cloudy all Day 
and Did not any thing Valuabel 

10 I was not fit for Duty but Some of our teams Set 
out to Peekskill again 

1 1 and herrick and I Carted one load of hay for our 
oxen and then we Pickt Some herbs and Stinking Pork 
with Some beef for Dinner and this Did Seem Some 
like a Sabbath for we Did not much you hear I Some 
better 

12 I Carted one hogshed of Rum from the uper End 
of town to the Church & 2 load of wood and it is not 
cold to Day But windy N W 

13 I went to Capt hoyts Saw mill after wood and 
broke my wheel and had very bad luck and it was Ex- 
ceeding Cold and windy it haild Some our teams Came 
from the Peekskill at knight almost 

14 I Carted a load of timber about 2 mild out of 
town it was very warm Cloud up toward knight Sir 

15 I loaded a load of french baggage and Stood Per- 
raded til 1 oClock for a guard and then we went to Capt 



312 

Doolitels at Ridgbury Sir and I bought me a frock for 
6 Shillings 

16 in the morning it Raind But it Stopt in an hour 
or two and then I Started along and it was mirery and 
very bad Carting & heavy load we went to Landlord 
thields Co 11 morror 

17 we went to the North River and onloaded the 
baggage on board a Sloop to go Down to kings ferry 
and then I Came back 3 mild to one boyds a very Deer 
place burn his boots he keeps his house fastened up with 
a gun by his bed Side & Pistols under his head for fear 
of torys Sir 

18 I Set out and Came to Salem and met 4 of our 
lads agoing to peekkill and I heard from home all well 
very good News Sir &c 

19 it was Cloudy and I met Benj Burril and Philip 
keeck Caleb mofit amarching on well I got to Danbu 
about 12 Clock 

20 I mended a yard for our oxen & brought a load of 
spokes 2 mild 

2 1 I went and brought another Load of Spokes and 
it is pretty warm Sir 

22 I went and brought a Stick of timber from the 
Same place 

23 I went and brought another now this timber is for 
hay Presses Sir 

24 now we have about 30 oxen gone to the hospital 
and Sent 13 more to Day abigal lucy & buler anne and 
Pegge blue Rannet and betty old liver & lites & yellow 
legs are gone now and So Sir more too well I need not 
Name them all well I went after a load of Spokes and 
it was very warm Day indeed Sir want it 



3i3 

25 Esq harskel Set o.ut for killingly and it is very 
warm in the afternoon I went to meaten Sir I Did 

26 we loaded Some Pork and Set out to the North 
River and 1 1 militia teams with us and we went to Dil- 
ivors & it was Exceeding hot to Day Sir 

27 we went to the River and onloaded and Came 
back 1 mild to David Stanlys and it was Exceeding 
Cold and windy with flying Clouds oh Dear Sus 

28 we Came back to Salem at one titus and turnd in 
a Pretty good Pasture 

29 we got to Danbury about 12 Clock and fodderd 
our oxen with good hay and it is Some warmer Sir it is 
& the tree toads Sing 

30 We Went to the River Beyond newtown at wood- 
bury ferry after Pork and took 8 barrels apiece I think 
and it was Very hot indeed Sir it was it was 14 mild to 
the ferry & we came back 1 

31 we Came along and it was very hot again and we 
got into Danbury about 2 Clock and then Drove our 
teams out of town to Pasture at Evens I anointed for 
the atch 

June i l 1777 

1 we Drew Some Provisions and it is very warm 
and we had 4 oxen Blooded and that was Chief I Sup- 
pose. 

2 Herrick and I helpt old Sam 11 Blood 20 oxen and 
it is very warm. 

3 I fixt my wagon a littel and Loaded with Pork in 
order for the North River and it is Quite warm Sir 

4 we 5 of us Set out to the North River & I had the 
Care of the teams & we went to Capt Dillivons & there 
was a Company of light horse there and we Did Sleep 
in his horse Shed we Did 

40 



3*4 

5 we went to the River & Came back about 2 mild 
I guess ah we Did 

6 we Came back to Land L Brishes & Slep in the 
barn and had good feed for our oxen this in Ridgbury 

7 we Came into to Danbury about 9 Clock and it is 
very hot and mother hoyt gave me Some butter I took a 
new Cart to be Shod & 8 oxen and then I tumd them out 
well we have been to Peekkill & it has not Raind any 
oh Remarkebel 

8 we Set out to Peekill again & went about 12 mild 
and it was Cloudy & misty and we went out from the 
Road for keeping & Clemmons was with us 

9 we went til about noon and then tumd out and bated 
now Capt Parker and tibbels wore with us and it was 
Cloudy and hot to Day and we Did go to Crupon and 
Staid all knight 

10 we went to Peekskill highlands number 3 and See 
moses Nouland & it was very hot indeed it was & and 
we Came the North Road for to bring a mans goods for 
him and he Said he would furnish us with Provision & 
we Came up the hallow 

1 1 we loaded and Came along and it was Cloudy and 
bad Carting at Robinsons Store he gave us one gill of 
Rum for 3 of us and that was all we got of him this 
Jesse warner & now we Call him one j ill well we Came 
through Phillips Presink into oblong and Staid at one 
motts and that Displeased him very much because we 
would not git to Danbury and then it was Dark and 
teams tired & So we teasd him that knight 

1 2 it Raind in the fore noon and in the after noon we 
Came into Danbury and now one jill has the Credit of 
all that Sir about the Streets well mother hoyt had Some 
meat & herbs boild for us oxen to Pasture now &c 



315 

13 I hoed for Capt hoyt and it was Showery all Day 
I Suppose &c a larm at knight Loded the Carts in order 
for to Start 1 minute warnin 

14 I Carted one load of wood and helpt old Sam 1 
Drive the oxen to hoyt hill in Bethel and we Rode Sir 
we Did and I Reed 2 months wages of Esq harskel 

15 was Cloudy and in the after noon I went to meaton 
to hear mr Bradford 

16 there was Soldiers and light horse to our house 
all Day we not much to Doe in the after noon there 
was a Smart thunder Shower and there is one woolf 
with is Came here June 13 old father lake and wildow 
is gone &o 

17 all our oxen But 4 apiece was took away for other 
Capt & I mended Some fence and it was Some Cloudy 
and foggy morn 

18 I helpt Amos hoyt yoke a pair of Steers and her- 
rick & I then mended Some fence 

19 I got Springer back again and then I Was not very 
well a very Cool morning But I went about two 2 or 3 
mild after a load of timber and then I See Isaac barror 

20 we went up in the woods the other hoyt hill way 
and Came back again and had all our oxen took away 
for the 3 year Captains So now we have none but 5 
Cattel &c 

2 1 herrick and I helpt hair Some hides and I had my 
Shoes tapt and in the afternoon we went a fishing and 
ketcht 5 Roach and we Carried them home on a pole 
beween us and So we Did Sir 

22 I Rode into Ridgbury after a pair of oxen Came 
back and Eat our fish and I see Jesse littel from Smith- 
field toward knight it was Cloudy and Cool 

23 in the forenoon it Raind and in the afternoon we 



316 

went a fishing Capt Morgan bought Some more oxen 
and 

24 I took 5 Cattel to go to Pound Ridge for Carts 
and I Carried Some bars of iron between the oxen and 
it was Pretty warm I went through Ridgfield and to 
Sam 1 newman and the Carts ware not Done I put my 
team out at Joseph Lockwood and got Some Victuals 
and Did lie in a bed 

25 I Could git no Cart Done I was a going home 
Clemmons Came and Said I must Stay and So bring 
Some yokes well I went and took one of the Carts and 
to Joshua Amblers I took 23 yokes up to the Shop 
and Staid tel the Cart was irond I helpt him in the 
afternoon 

26 I helpt him all Day til they ware Done the Sun 
about an hour high at knight I Set out for Danbury and 
Came into Ridgfield and got Some good feed and Sup- 
per Bread milk Cheese butter and a good Coverlid and a 
pillion for my Pillow Sir I Did be shure 

27 I Set out and Came to Danbury and it was Ex- 
ceeding hot Day Surely and in the afternoon I Did not 
much and old father Dewolf is unwell 

28 we fixt up Some Sythes in order for to moe next 
week Sir 

29 it was Cloudy and in the morning I went after a 
pair of oxen to Capt grinnels for the Norwich man Sir 

30 I mended Some fence in the former Part of the 
Day and about noon I See Benj Johnston in the after- 
noon Clemmons and I Carted a load of boards from 
Dibbels barn to the Store and at knight Johnston and 
we went to the River and ketcht Some Eels and 




317 

July 1777 

1 in the morning it Raind and we Eat those Eels 
and then mended Some fence and then went up in the 
woods after a load of timber and the we made Some 
bobs and knight we went again & we ketcht 12 & it 
Raind Some 

2 we had those Ells for breakfast and Johnston went 
along to the Camp and I went and a Set of Sythe Rigin 
and I made Some nibs and in the after noon Clemmons 
and I mowd and Just at Even there Came in a great 
Number of teams Came in and we 3 Clemmons herrick 
and I Stood Centry all knight and 

3 we 3 went to moeing and in the after noon we 
Rakd and kockt 62 and the water is half leg high upon 
a level and So we kook it Sir 

4 we went a poking out hay and it was Something 
mirery in the after part of the Day we Raked up the 
Rest of that meadow and So we had a Cantee full of w 
india extroydinary Sir 

5 we went a Poleing hay again and about noon I See 
Jeams Cotes and heard that it was all well at home and 
it is an Exceeding hot Day 

6 Clemmons and I got up as Soon as it was light to 
ketch a horse for Capt morgan for he Did Set out home 
and I Drove Some oxen about 2 mild to Pasture & in 
the after noon I went to meaton & it was a very windy 
Cool Day and 

7 I went up in the woods 2 mild after Some timber 
and Came back and Eat Some Dinner and then Carted 
a load of hay from Capt taylors barn to David taylors 

8 I went to bethel 3 mild after Some Exeltras and 
had very bad luck But I got back alive and glad was I 
I Did Rain Some Just at knight and in the knight 



3i8 

9 herrick and I Carted a load of hay from Capt tay- 
lors barn to the other and killd a Skonk and then Carted 
one load of meal and another of Corn from Capt hoyt 
barn to the Church and it is Some Cloudy but Extreem 
hot Sir it is and we Carted one load of hay from Capt 
hoyts barn and we had wore our wollen Shirts all Sum- 
er to keep the heat out But to Day it Broke through 
and obliged us to pull them off and work with out them 
and So it goes well now 

10 in the morning we went to moeing for our Selves 
& then we Carted a hay Press to David taylors barn 
and then Cartd 4 Load of hay from Capt hoyts barn 
and at Even went in a Swiming and so I See Some 
Corn toseled out Sir 

1 1 we Carted 5 load of hay 14 in all we have Carted 
there Came a fine Shower Just at knight it is a fine grow- 
ing time 

12 it Raind in the morning and herrick & I Carted 2 
load of hay Cleand one bay it was misty all Day 

13 it was Cloudy and Cooler and went and lookt after 
Some oxen and Eat Some Currents and So Possified my 
Self as well as I Could 

14 in the morning it Raind and was Cloudy all Day 
we Carted 2 load of hay and then got one Chain mended 
and then See a horse Rase 

15 I Carted one load of hay which Concluded and 
then I went to hoyt hill after Some Exeltrees and I had 
bad luck & it Raind before I got back 

16 in the morning I Rode to hoyt hill & Come back 
& then I Went with a team after yoke timber and it 
Raind before I got back it is Cooler Some &c we went 
to Draw Provisions and Capt Morgan Came back 



319 

17 I took Some oxen and brought a load of yoke 
timber I Suppose I Did 

18 I went and brought Some oxen & then I & 2 of 
Capt merrills men went to bethel for Exeltrees and yoke 
timber and then Rode Capt wadsworth horse to be Shod 
and then Shoed Some teams to Pasture and then Drinkt 
milk Punch 

19 in the morning I gave Some horses otes to the 
great Pasture and then I got Some Dinner & herrick 
and I was Driveing Some Cattel to Pound and met Clem- 
mons which said the Regulers ware landing and Comeing 
to Danbury & I must git all these oxeri in one Pasture 
Just by which I Did and then I went and got 9 new 
Chains & fixt Every thing Ready to Start at a minutes 
warning 

20 the militia Set out to fairfield Early & about noon 
they Returnd back and I turnd out one horse and some 
Cattel &c 

21 I Drove out Some Cattel and then barns and I 
went to Shelter Rock to mend fence and mother hoyt 
Cooked for us and after noon we Carted one load of hay 
a thunder Shower to the North 

22 barn & I brand Some Cattel and then with our 
teams went to hoyt hill for yoke timber and a lader 36 
foot and it was Some Cloudy I believe at knight I Slept 
very Quietly Sir 

23 Capt morgan Said we must go to fraderixburg for 
generels Brigades Both huntins and Persons ware there 
in great want at 1 1 a Clock we Set out and went 14 
mild and then they ware 1 o another way from this Mor- 
risons Store and we Staid at Isaac willcocks and lay on 
a bed of chaff he had Some very nice Calfs indeed Sir 
very hot 



320 

24 we went to the brigades and it Was very hot I 
See Capt Childs and many others I knew & as I was a 
going home a going Down a littel hill one ox fell Down 
and I was behind the Cart and before I Could git before 
he was up again But I See that he was hurt he went a 
littel further fell Down and Died : a very good ox he 
was and So was the Pair then we went a littel further 
bated and then 8 mild to Danbury got there about 10 
Clock and So we Did Sir 

25 we took another load I had two hogsheds of Rum 
we went Peekkill Road 10 mild we turnd out and lay 
in the Stupe 

26 we went ten mild more and found them toward 
white Plains we onloaded Set out back then Stopt we 
turnd our oxen out and then we we Did Sleep in a 
Stabel and it Did Rain at knight it Did So 

27 we Brought up our oxen Loaded our Carts and 
was orderd to march to the Peekkill 14 mild we went 
through amewalk Crumpond and we baited there and 
we Eat 6 Cuds of Cold Pork and Some Jonne Cake for 
full Price one Shilling apiece we got in to the Camp 
about 10 Clock and Slep in a barn 

28 we onloaded our Carts and Set out for Dan- 
bury and Came along & got Some Sower Bread and 
milk and meat and then Came to Capt thields (?) and 
took Some Sick Soldiers and it was Cloudy Some and 
we Came to Capt Northams and in the knight it Raind 

29 I Came along and Eat Some breakfast in Salem 
and then Come into Danbury and onload our Sick and 
then Came to Mother hoyts and got Some Victuals 
and 

30 Clemmons and I Branded Some Cattel and makt 
Some Sheep and then Drove them to hoyt hill 



321 

31 in the morning I went to the Pastures and then to 
hoyt hill & mended Some fence & Rode home again & 
helpt feed Some horses 

August 1777 

1 I helpt grind Some axes and brought up some oxen 
out of the great Pasture and then I mendd Some fence 
and it Was Exceeding hot and it Clouded up and Raind 
very hard and I Came home & it Raind Steady all the 
after noon 

2 barn Clemmons and I mended fence to hoyt hill 
in the after noon I Eat a belly full of huckelburys and 
Came home 

3 morning I Drove out Some Cattel out of a Pasture 
and in the after noon it Clouded up and thundred and 
Raind the Rest of the Day 

4 Early I Rode to 5 Pastures and to Mirery Brook 
after a Pair of oxen and I found them 3 mild and half & 
I found them and then I Drove them to hoyt hill and I 
Do feel very Poorly indeed I Do head ake Bones Stom- 
ack likewise I Seed William moury all well at home 
&c 

5 last knight it Raind and this morning it was Cloudy 
and misty all Day East wind and I am not well indeed 
Sir 

6 I am Exceeding Poorly it was Cloudy til noon and 
then the Sun Shined out Doct Peck Came here Said I 
was jandere wanted blooding he Blooded me and I Did 
almost faint But not Quite he orderd me Some things 
Bar puiltess it Proved Sir 

7 I was worse then I was yesterday it Raind last knight 
very Smarly and made a Sort of a flood Sir I had Some 
new trowsers at knight I See Parker Adams well at home 
and it looks like for Rain 

41 



322 

8 was no better Parker to See m & Staid with me at 
knight 

9 he Set out to Peekskill and I went to the Conti- 
nentel Docters and just at knight I took a puke and I 
was very full pain and 

10 I went to the head Doct turner & he ordered me 
Some bitters and I went to the Shop & Doct belcher 
gave me Some last Sabbath in that thunder Storm the 
hail broke 68 Square of Glass in one house at Pen Brook 
the hail was as big as hens Eggs they Said 

1 1 I am Some better But very Poorly to Day in the 
morning it was Cloudy after noon it thundred N ward 
S ward and at Evening there came a very Smart Shower 
up here and thundred 

12 it is fair and Pleasent in the morning heat and 
thunder before knight I am much as I ware yester 

13 I am much better But to work any & there was a 
Company of lite horse here and it thundred and Raind 
to the north thundred and lightened greatly & a very 
hot Day I helpt Pickt 2 Pound of Wool to Day Sir 
I have 

14 I helpt Pick 4 Pound to Day and the weather is 
Exceeding hot in these Days I am much better 

15 I Did not any thing Clemmons & barns Came from 
Peekkill and it is very hot indeed it is Just at knight it 
thundred and Raind to the North and at knight it Did 
here 

16 in the morning I went over ther Mountain 2 mild 
and turnd out Some Cattel and mended one Spot of 
fence and Very much tired me But I am much Better 
Sir I am 

] 7 I feel Some better But now I Do Expect to have 
the Small Pox for they think that Levi Starr hath had it 



323 

and been about among folks the time and there Came 
here from Peekkill 500 and 50 men and march through 
the town and it was Cloudy all Day 

18 went to the uper End of town and Stuck a nail in 
my foot and laid up Some fence and turnd out Some 
Cattel 

19 I ketcht a Colt and Rode to the Pastures & turnd 
out Cattel and it is Cloudy all Day to Day 

20 I ketcht the Colt & Rode to all the Pastures But 2 
it Raind very hard last knight and is Cloudy to Day 

21 I Rode to the Pastures and then took Some Corn 
and Salt & went to hoyt hill & fed Cattel & Sheep and 
it is Clear & Exceeding hot 

22 I helpt greas a cart and load a tuss of Rum for 
herrick to go to fairfield & then Rode to the Pastures 
and it is various hot only there is a littel wind Stiring 

23 I helpt Draw Provision and then Rode to all the 
Pastures about again it is very warm Just at knight it 
Clouded up So Rideing is my Buisness now 

24 I took the gray horse and Some Salt & went & 
Salted the Cattel and So Round again turning out Cat- 
tel Sir 

25 for a horse & I killed a Sheep and brought it for 
Mr Loyd and it Rained Some and was Cloudy all Day 

26 it was Cloudy & I took a horse and went to hoyt 
hill and brought home 3 horses and it Raind before I 
got back in the afternoon walk about Sir you 

27 in the morning it was and I took up the Colt to 
be Shod and Could not then to the Pastures about and I 
Did mend a littel fence by mrs Clerks meadow I Drinkt 
Some Sider Sam morris we live very well all officers 
among us 



324 

28 I in the morning took the gray horse and Rode to 
the Pastures and I Swoopt hats with Magor warren 

29 I took the gray and went to the lots hospital up 
town grinnel Starr lot & Mclean Bloody lot over the hill 
Shelter Rock hoyt hill and Small Pox and many mor I 
Cant tel where &c Something Cool to Day 

30 I went to hoyt hill and Drove all the Cattel to one 
Place and mr loyd and morgan told which was ours and 
the Rest turnd out 

31 I Rode to the Pastures again and So it is Pretty 
warm for the time Sir 

September 1777 

1 I Rode to the Chief of the Lots yesterday I Salted 
Some of our oxen and took Some Corn for the Sheep 
and Salt for all the fating Cattel hoyt hill to Day and it 
Raind Some in the after noon and I put our oxen in the 
white birch lot 

2 we Drawed Some back allowance Rum and Carried 
it up to Deacon knaps and Sold it for 22 Dollers one 
Quarter 18 Quarts and then I went to hoyt hill and 
Lookt on all the Creatures and preachd one sermon to 
them about the unruly ox it was Recorded in the 24 
Chapter of hoyt hill and 49 verse the words are these 

if the ox had not known 

So much it had ben better for him 

and So I went on and Proved it So Surely and then I 
Came home and in the after noon I went to more of the 
Lots 

3 was a fast throughou the State and I took the old 
horse and Some Salt and Salted the oxen herrick and 
I Came along by our garden and got Some Cucum- 
bers & 



325 

4 I went to the Cattel and they ware in the Buck 
Wheat and then to hoyt hill and then after dinner I 
Rode old sorrel toward Ridgefield after Some horses 
which had got out and found they ware sent back an- 
other Road &c 

5 I went and the Cattel ware out and I put them in 
the great Pasture and So Round to the lots Every Day 
Sir I tied one ox head and foot Sir for he was a very 
unruly Creater 

6 I took the old horse and Drove the oxen over the 
River and it Clouded up and it Raind Some and then I 
went to the Rest of them 

7 I went to the Cattel and then to the hospital & then 
up town to Show wakemans men the Lot and then to 
the Rest of the Lots and there went a Shower to the 
North and another to the South & it is Quite warm Sir 

8 I went to the birch Pasture and Some Corn and 
Salt and. went to hoyt hill and then Clemmons and I 
Drove 23 Cattel to Redden for to fat and it is a Cold 
windy Day 

9 in the morning there was a frost and I went to the 
Pastures about and then to mirery Brook and it was 
Cloudy & at knight herrick and I Stackt one load of 
hay and it Raind in the knight 

10 I went Round to the Pastures again & I Dug a 
littel in Capt taylors Seller and he Raised his house Sir I 
think I See it 

1 1 I went to hoyt hill Early and then to the Rest of 
them and it was warm Cloudy and hazy and I found the 
Sheep 

12 I went to hoyt hill with Corn and Counted the 
Catel and brought Clemmons mare he Sold her for 17 
Pound ten then took Some Salt and went to the birch 



326 

Pasture with Clemmons oxen it is Cloudy N E wind 
Cooler 

13 I went to hoyt hill with Corn and it is Clear and 
Cold and to the other Pastures all But one in the after 
noon I moed Rowen for Cumfort sir very Cold 

14 I took Some Corn and went to the burch Pasture 
and over the mountain & the old mare was gone and 
then I went to hoyt hill & Cornd the Sheep and then 
after dinner I took Capt trace (?) and went 5 mild to- 
ward new town and I found her then I Came Quickly 
back after I had Drinkt a littel Sither yesterday was 
brought here a man that was taken Deaf all at once and 
he knows as well as Ever & So they write & he Can 
Read it he hes not ben well for Some time he was a 
going Down to the Sea Side for his helth and all at once 
was taken So and So Did Remain Some Days and he 
Died 

15 I went to hoyt hill with Corn for the Sheep and 
Round about in the after noon I Raked hay for Comfort 
hoyt Cloudy in the after noon 

16 I went to hoyt hill with Corn for the Sheep and 
Round to the others and then I went and got the horse 
Shod and it is Cloudy Some Sir it was 

17 I went to hoyt hill with corn for the Sheep and 
brought 6 Cattel over & then to the Rest of the Pastures 
then got Capt taylors Chain mended and it is very windy 
Cloudy & Cold like fall of the year N E wind 

18 I went hoyt hill & the Sheep ware out & 2 
oxen in the Corn & I fixt them to my mind and the 
Bouts to the other Lots it Raind Last knight a littel the 
knight before more it is Cloudy Some and windy the 
Rivers and Brooks have not bin So Dry this year as they 
be now We are Just a going to move from here to mr 



327 

Pecks well we movd and I See moses Robinson and we 
tried the old kitchen Sir 

19 I went to hoyt hill and over the mountain and 
barn is a fixing up and a Scouring Clean the house & we 
got Some Sider and fresh beef to day 

20 Moses Robinson went on to the army and I went 
to hoyt hill and the Rounds and it Looks like for Rain 
and Some warmer than it was 

2 1 I went to hoyt hill & mountain and we had a good 
Dinner Pork beef Corn Cucumber and after I had filld 
my Crop I went to hoyt hill again for oxen 6 and it is 
Cloudy and warmer then it has bin a thunder Shower 
to the South Just at Evening 

22 it was Clear morning I went to hoyt hill in the 
after noon Clouded up & was very blustring and Cold 
the Sand flew like the Snow in January & I moed Some 
Rowen for John mclean 

23 barns herrick and I went to moeing for mclean 
and we mowd it all and it is windy and Cool Sir it is 
like fall 

24 I rode to hoyt hill and over mountin and it is very 
warm Day in the after noon woolf and Raked hay for 
mclean 

25 I went to hoyt hill & in the afternoon I Raked 
hay in the afternoon it was Cloudy Just at knight 
Capt morgan Said I must go to white plains tomorrow 
& I Rode to hoyt hill and Did bring Some oxen nigh 
and it Raind in the knight and was Cold Sir 

26 it was Clear and Cold and I fixt my Cart about 9 
Clock I Set out and went through Ridgfield into Bedford 
21 mild and Staid at a pretty good place 

27 I Set out again there was a frost and ice as thick 
as a window glass I got to the white plains about 2 



328 

Clock and onloaded at Colo Sam 1 . B webs Markee 
Cloathing for the Band and I turnd homeward about 5 
mild and at one Clapps I Staid all knight the army 
movd this after noon toward Peekskill the whole of it 

28 I went through kings Street horse neck into Stan- 
ford 12 mild this in North Casteel where I Staid Last 
knight I got to Stanford a littel after noon & I turnd 
my oxen in good feed and it is Cloudy and I Eat a 
good Dinner indeed it was Sir 

29 I helpt mr Loyd Dig Some Carrots & beats and 
boarded my Cart and Loaded then about 1 2 Clock I Set 
out for Danbury Came through middelsix Norwalk into 
wilton 17 mild I Staid at hubbels oxen Eat Rowen hay 
good 

30 I Came into Danbury 15 mild just at knight and 
turnd out my team then Joseph Dibble and I wachd 
with Cumforts Benedicts wife Just now Deceased 

October 1777 

1 in the morning it was Clear and I Eat a good break- 
fast and then I thrasd 1 Shock of Wheat Capt hoyt in 
the afternoon I and Herrick wasd our Shirts & trowsers 
Down by the River and it was Quite warm 

2 Herrick and I went to Capt hoyts Saw mill for 
wood and when we got back Clemmons had got back 
from Simsbury this Just at knight Sir 

3 I with Clemmons went to the mill and cut 7 load 
of wood and it was a very warm Day at knight herrick 
Roasted a wood Chuck we got Some Sider 

4 I went to the Saw mill after a load of wood again 
and it is very warm 

5 it is Cooler and we heard that the Enemy was on 
the land a Come in to bedford and we Drawd the Carts 



329 

to the Church in order to Load if there was ocation at a 
minutes warning 

6 in the morning it was Cloudy and in the forenoon I 
and Clemmons fencd Some Stacks and afternoon Pulld 
Some bean for Benedict and topt 2 Stack & Just at Dark 
the Enemy took fburt montgomery Just above Peeks- 
kill with the Loss of many men and they then kept up 
the River with their Shiping and the militia are going 
Stedily on 

7 we had not much to Do only be Ready with our 
teams and I Pickt Some walnuts and it is Pretty warm 

8 in the morning I took money for Capt hoysts folks 
the Soldiers horse keeping for the town is full of militia 

9 I went to hoyt hill with wolf and it Raind very 
Stedy all day and Parker Adams Came to See me and 
our littel Room is very mudy Sir 

10 it was Clear and Cold and I Drove Some oxen 
above grinnels and in the after noon I washed my Shirt 
and at knight it was very Sharp Cold indeed 

1 1 in the morning there was a large white frost and 
Clemmons went to Redden after teams to move the 
Stores from here and we got up our teams and loaded 8 
barrels of Pork apiece and went 7 mild toward new mil- 
ford and onloaded and Did Sleep in the barn 

1 2 we Came into Danbury & loaded 3 hogsheds Cod 
fish Apeice 2 Clock Set out to litchfield and went New- 
bury and Lodgd at one Camps and Slep in the barn Sir 
Sider we got here 

13 we went through new milford and Staid at Esqs 
Cogswells in Rawmoge and fared very well Sir we Did 
So 

14 it was Cooler and we went up mount torn and 
bated at the widow halls and got a good Dinner and we 

42 



330 

got to litchfield about Day light in & Put out in good 
feed & Slep in the barn 

15 morning I See 146 torys all Peraded a going to 
hartford they took 1 50 But by the way 3 went to Escape 
and they Guard Shot killed 2 wounded the other & one 
now was put in litchfield goal they ware took up the 
North River Sir and then we Came to widow halls and 
Eat Some Cold fish and tators and then we Came to 
Cogswells and Slep in the barn 

16 we brought up the Cattel and Clemmons Came 
and Said we must bring flower from New milford to 
Danbury and we Did load 8 barrels apiece and Came to 
Deacon Camps and Slep in the barn and it was Some 
warm Sir we had very good feed indeed Sir 

17 we Came to Danbury Wolf Clemmons herrick & I 
and we turnd our oxen to the Bloody pasture and it is 
Cloudy and hazy & we are going to Eat Soon 

18 I gatherd Corn for Capt hoyts and Did husk it in 
the field and had 3 S and a good Supper Pork beef tur- 
nips tators Bread Sider Butter Cheese Puden appelpy 
nuts & milk Sir we had. 

19 in the morning I went to See Parker Adams and 
got good breakfast we had Codfish for Dinner and washed 
our Shirts in the afternoon to the River Clemmons herrick 
and Joslen Sir 

20 I Drove our oxen from the bloody Pasture to grin- 
nels lot and then I Went to hoyt hill with wolf to Part 
Some Sheep and it is Cloudy Some 

21 last knight it Raind all knight very Smartly and 
Clemmons went to macleans and our oxen got out I 
lookt them up again and Put them over the hill & it is 
very windy and Cold Sir I Sold one Quart Rum Parker 
Adams 



33i 

22 in the morning I went after 2 oxen aboue grin- 
nels and the ground was So froze that it would Crump 
under my feet Sun Shines Pleasant but Colle Colle windy 
well Clemmons and I went to hoyt hill for wood and we 
Did So 

23 in the morning Drove my oxen up to grin s meadow 
and had not much to Do Just at knight I went up town 
to git Some Shoes but Could not Sir 

24 we took our teams and went to newtown woods after 
timber and we went over a Swamp and Came back and 
mired Down one Cart and we had very bad luck well 
we got out of the mire and then had 6 mild to go and it 
was Dark and misty and we very hungry Sir and we got 
home about 10 a Clock Night 

25 it was Cloudy and foggy we Drove our oxen to 
the Stack grinel and got Some Chains mended and that 
was Chief greased the Carts and that was all or Some 
where there abouts that was laid upon us 

26 I went and foddered oxen and it is Cloudy and 
foggy last knight it Raind I have got the head ake very 
bad Raind this afternoon Some 

27 mr Dewoolf and I Drove 64 Cattel Down to tay- 
lors meadow and it Raind all Day very Smartly N E 
wind and Cold at knight we went Down to bring them 
up and got them out Scatterd along & the knight Came 
upon us & we Lost the Chief of them Sheep we got along 

28 we got up in the morning and went after those 
Cattel and I had no Shoes and I waided about for it 
Rained Various hard & N : E wind and I went til my 
feet was So num I Could hardly go and then we Come 
home and Dried us and then after a littel more and then 
Came to the Church and Drinkt a Small matter of brandy 
Sir and So we live or Stay here in this world 



332 

29 it Slakt a littel and morgan Sent us after the Cattel 
again and I went a few Rods a Come back and Set by 
the fire now these Cattel ware Some that he bought at 
Vendue at Peekskill Well after a while I got Some old 
Shoes and went after Some Sheep and found them and 
Drove them to the Church and then it began to Rain & 
Raind about 2 hours I guess and the Sun Shined and 
then we Drove the Cattel over the River of Jordan off of 
Danbury island for now theres a flood here now and 
then we put the Sheep in the great Pasture 

30 the Sun arose Clear and Clemmons and I Drove 2 
Cows over the ferry and foddered all the Cattel and 
then helpt Morgan Start them away & then brought 2 
teams for herrick & wolf they went to hoyt hill for wood 
we Drew Provision and then Rode after them and helpt 
load and then I Rode home and Put the meat a boiling 
Clear and Cool this Day Sir 

31 I went to mr loyd and he Paid me 17 Dollars for 
ox keeping morgan is Set out home and I went got 
Some Chains and then went to Shelter Rock hill for 
Some wood for John mclean and my head akes very 
bad it is very windy and Cold Sir wolf is gone home 

November 1777 

1 herrick and I went to hoyt hill after wood and it is 
Some warmer 

2 it was warm and Pleasant & I Did not any thing 
only in the morning I fodderd the oxen and the game 
goes well 

3 Clemmons brought up the oxen & we 3 went to new 
town woods after timber and we got back about Sun 
Down and it is very warm and we went to Capt hoyts 
for Some Super and it is all very well Sir 



333 

4 went up town for a man to kill an ox for John 
mclean and then I fodderd our oxen and then brough 
one pair and Carted one load of boards from the Church 
to David taylors barn and now Clemmons and herrick 
is gone a hunting Squrrels Pretty warm Some windy to 
the South 

5 we went after timber again and it Clouded up and 
Raind a littel & we Brought Exceeding heavy Loads 
and at knight it Raind Some Sir and Pol Mclean Stued 
them Squrrils which we had for Super oh Sir 

6 it Rains very Steady all Day and the wind N. East 
and I am Some afraid of Spoiling my Clothes oh Just at 
knight I Rode old Six Stones up to the meadow and 
fodderd the oxen and it is Quite mudy and Something 
Cold Sir 

7 we took Eight oxen apiece and brought very large 
Loads indeed, and it was not very Cold Sir 

8 I got up in the morning out in the barn for we have 
laid in the barn this fortknight Sir and Herrick and I 
went to Esq loyd and he Paid us our wages Paid me 
96 Dollars for 6 months and then we Came through 
new town over the ferry into woodbury and in the 
Evening it Raind a littel and we Came 7 mild after Sun 
Down and we Staid at David Shermans very good 
Super 

9 about Sun Rise we got Some more minced pie 
milk & Sider and then we Came along through Warter- 
bury into Southerington and got Some Dinner Puden 
and butter Pork & meat Cheese and Sider & then into 
meridan and Stopt at a widow womans house and fared 
well 

10 we lay in a bed last knight & a had a breakfast 
and it was Cloudy and Raind Some but we put along 



334 

Slowly to mideltown Crosed the ferry then went to the 
South & now we was in Chatham and we begin to be faint 
and know not the way and feel very old wet and Cold 
for it Rains yet Sir we went this way and that way for 
there was no Road only a Sort of a blind Path and we 
got into hampton and got Some Dinner meat and tator 
fried Punkin Suase bread & Cheese Sider and then we 
limpt along for Colche'ster & it grew Dark and we got 
to Elijah Williams and went to bed and So the game 
goes Sir we have Come through a Dreadfull Place to 
Day as I Ever want to be in but I believe these are live 
Peopel here So go to Sleep. 

1 1 in the morning it was Clear & Cold and this was 
Called west Chester or pine Swamp we got Break- 
fast and herrick went one way and the other I went 
through Colchester into Bozrah then into Norwich 
and Came to Capt morgan a littel after Sun Down 26 
mild 

12 in the morning it Snowed a littel and then Raind 
Chief of the Day and I helpt him Sort Corn in the barn 
Sir I Did it was Cold. 

13 then I Set out from there and Came through Can- 
terbury and there was Snow and then through brook line 
over Dennisons bridge into killingly and I got home 
about 8 Clock in the Evening alive and well thanks be 
to god for it and found our Peopel So and it was a 
Pretty Cold Day Snowed last knight Some here 

14 I went to mr Polocks and in the afternoon I helpt 
Cart a Load of wood and it is very Cold at knight John 
marsh Moses wilder came here. 

15 I went to Joseph Munyans and I bought a jacoat 
of \y m Smith and it was windy and Cold 

16 was very Cold Sir it was indeed &c 



335 

17 I went to mr Smiths Isaac Burrills and to Elipha- 
let Coteses after a taylor to make Some Clothes & it 
Snowed Some and is Some Cold 

18 I Cut two load of wood and Carted it and it was 
Pretty Cold Sir 

19 Joseph Munyan and I killd a hog and Dressd 
him and it was very Cold and Some Cloudy toward 
knight I bought a Coat B holland jacoat and one hat all 
for 32 Dollers at knight John and Jesse Came home 

20 was a thanksgiving and they all almost but I and 
I staid at home AakJeSgS 

21 Jesse and John went Down town it was Cloudy 
and pretty warm at knight Mary Russel was here 

22 I helpt farther load 6 barrels of Sider and Jes & 
John went Down to Smithfield and then Cut Some wood 
in the after noon I helpt Clear a Path from the River a 
nigh way and at knight it was Cloudy warm. 

23 it was Pretty warm and at Even thomas mighels 
Came here and we went to Joseph Munyans Sir 

24 I went after meria Aldrich and to uncle israels 
and it Raind a littel & then I went with mighels to 
kimbels and the widow Jacob Earls and then home at 
knight John marsh Cotes Robins Ben Cotes Cutler went 
to Joseph Munyans Cloudy and Dark 

25 it Raind in the morning and torn mighels Set out 
home at knight I went to the Saw mill with a log for 
yokes and it is Pretty warm 

26 I went after merioh Aldrich and then to jacksons 
and to the widow harskels and then home 

27 I Carried Some leather to kimbels to make me 
Some Shoes and then Swingled Some flax and So my lad 

28 I Shot at a Partridge and then helpt make Some 
Sider at knight I went to Joseph Munyars D B A B 



336 

29 it Raind very hard and my Cloths ware finished 
all very good one Doller for makeing I Carried meriah 
home 

30 I Rode to Smithfield and I See Jesse But John I 
Could not and I Staid for he was gone to C I Staid at 
Noah fanums with Jesse Joslen cloudy Day 

December 1777 

1 I Came home from Smithfield and it was very Cold 
and Clear 

2 I went to alpheus Converses and Brought Mary 
Russel from Esq Dresers and it was Exceeding Cold 
and blustring Some Squalle and to morrow I am a going 
to Set out for Danbury tomorrow Sir 

3 in the morning I Set out for Danbury and it was 
Cloudy and Pretty Cold and I went through Pophret 
Ashford Masfield into Coventry at Ashford meeting 
house I lit of Some horses going after Some Soldiers & 
I Rode almost to Coventry and it Begun to Snow about 
the midel of the after noon & Snowd til in the knight 

4 it was N W wind and Exceeding Cold and I Rode 
to Hartford Crossed the ferry about 2 Clock and I got 
to farmington littel after Dark and about Sun Down the 
wind went Down 

5 in the morning it was Cloudy and I Set out from 
Capt Coles and the Sun about one hour high it Cleared 
away & very windy N W and very Cold I went through 
harwinton & Litchfield and Loged at John Clemmons 
at the iron works 4 mild west of the town 

6 Early in the morning it was very Sharp and Still 
and in the after noon it begun to morderate and Clouded 
up and I Came through New milfbrd into Danbury 
about Dark and it Snowed Some and So I was glad to 
See my old mates again 



337 

7 I Drew Some Provision and took Care of my oxen 
and it was Cloudy and very warm for the time a year 

8 was Cloudy and warm and I took Care of my oxen 
and got one horse Shod & it was very mudy about the 
Streets 

9 I went to grinnels and brought the oxen Down and 
Clemmons and I went to hoyt hill after wood and it was 
Cold 

10 was Exceeding Cold and I went to hoyt hill for a 
load of wood for the Coopers and I live very poor I wish 
my Condition Better Sir 

ill fodderd the oxen and then I went with mr 
Dewolf to Look Some Sheep that was Strayd and we 
found them and it is pretty pleasent 

1 2 Early we took Care of our oxen and then Herrick 
and I Readed Some Sheep & Drove to the Birch pas- 
ture and then went to Stony hill after 4 more and we 
got home 3 of them it was very warm in the afternoon 
it was Cloudy 

13 it was very warm Cloudy & mudy I went to hoyt 
hill for wood for mr loyd 

14 Clear and a littel Cool I only took Care of my 
oxen 

15 I went to bethel and got my oxen Shod and it is 
pretty Cool and I live very poor meat and bread bread 
and meat 

16 it was Cloudy Cold and I Set out to Stanford and 
I went about 3 mild it begun to Snow I went 12 more 
and Stopt to mathew marvens at wilton the Snow about 
ouer Shoes 

17 about 4 Clock I fodderd my oxen and I Set away 
Early and it was Cloudy & foggy all day and I went 
through norwalk midelsix into Stanford town 

43 



338 

18 was thanksgiveing well I Loaded Sider and Perta- 
toes unions and I See w m mowry & about 1 1 Clock I 
Set out home and I Came through Norwalk into wilton 
to marvens and it was Cloudy and foggy Slipere Slop 

19 was Clear and Cold n w wind and I was not well 
I Came to Danbury 15 mild and I went to mother hoyts 
and got Some Victuals and Staid all knight 

20 I give my own hay and Corn Ready to Start to- 
morrow morn and I Can Say very Bold the Sun Shines 
Pleasant But it is Cold 

21 I with 4 more Set out to fishkill after flower and 
it was very Cold But it thawed Some Capt merrils went 
with us we went into oblony Staid at a Scoch mans 
house and we have a Cook with us which makes it 
Some better 

22 we went through fraderixburg into the Edge of 
fishkill it was Cloudy and it Snowed a littel I think & 
we Crossed a mountain 2 mild over it and very Steep 
and we went to Colo 1 : vandoboroughs and loaded 7 bar- 
rels of flower apeice and Came back to old Nichols the 
East of the mount and Staid all knight 

23 it was very Cold and Cloudy and we Came to 
Elwells in oblong and we met John Bucklys teams 

24 it was very Sharp Stinging Cold indeed and we 
Climb the mount and Came in to Danbury 2 Clock 7 
mild and I feel very Discontented at this time 

25 1 day Christmas it is very Sharp Still Cold and 
I helpt woolf Red Some Sheep Just at knight Cloudy 
wind s w and Snowed l inch and half 

26 I went to bethel and got one Pair Shod then John 
and Josiah lion & I went to Reading to Hezekiah San- 
fords after hay it Clouded up in the after noon at knight 
it Raind Some and froze and ice upon Every thing I 



339 

lay in a bed very Cold knight But I was Cumfortabel 
Enough 

27 we foddered Early and got breakfast and then we 
went up to the other barn and loaded our loads of hay 
and about noon the Sun was to be Seen well we Came 
along by the way umpawog and it was Exceeding Cold 
indeed Sir it very tideous N w w 

28 it Snowed Some last knight it Snowed Some and 
So Does yet N E wind and very Cold take Care of my 
Cattel and thats Chief 

29 it was Clear and Exceeding Cold and 5 of us went 
5 mild into Redden after a Stack of hay and it is as 
good Carting Sleding or Slaying as Ever was Since 
Cain 

30 it was very Sharp Stinging Cold N w wind & 8 of 
us went to hoyt hill after wood 

31 Abner winter Joseph lion and I went to Redden 
to Esqs hawley after hay very Cold we loaded 2 of our 
loads and got a good Supper and Drinkt Some Sider 
and then to bed & So Colcludes the year 1777 with us 

January 1778 

1 the morning was very Pleasent & Clear we got 
breakfast and Set out for Danbury & got home & on- 
loaded & then Drew Some Provision 

2 I was not very well and Did not much But 2 of 
our teams is gone to Ridgfield it was warm and thawed 
all day S wind I was weighed to day 177 £ weighed 

3 the ground was bare for the Snow was about all 
gone the wind N W but not Cold I did not much we 
had a very good Supper 

4 I took my oxen to bethel to be Shod & it is not 
Cold to Day 



340 

5 it Snowed about a half inch Deep well 3 of us 
went to Esqs hawly after hay and I went to Hezekiah 
Sanfords after Some oxen and Came back by the way 
of Isaac gorums to hawlys 

6 Early I took my old white mare and went to San- 
fords and then to gorums and I got one Pair of oxen 
and then Came along to Mr bartams and in lone town 
and he helpt me load the hay and then then Came up 
& with me Clemmons and winter and then we Came to 
Danbury very Quietly and it is Some Chilly and I Dont 
like my oxen very well 

7 I onloaded the hay and then to bethel and got my 
oxen Shod and it was Cloudy and very Chilly Cold Day 
& at knight it Raind 

8 it is quite mudy & Capt morgan bought a yoke of 
oxen of Jonathan Starr and I went to bethel and got 
them Shod Pretty warm S w 

9 was Clear and Pleasent & I loaded Some hay 
Screws & a littel after 12 I Set out to fairfield & I went 
to betts at Redden Church 8 mild and I lay in a bed 
a while past the torys shot through this house and liketo 
a killd betts 

10 I went through N fairfield greenfield into greens 
farms to Stephen guiyers and I broght a load of wood, 
part of the way and it was very mudy about over Shoes 
& one pair of oxen was the Poorest that I Ever Drove 
in my life 

1 1 we took Care of our oxen and live well and it 
begun to Snow N E wind and was a very bad Storm a 
littel before knight it Raind a littel and made a Crust 
and the Snow about 4 or 5 inches Deep 

1 2 gabriel Alen and I went into Norwalk after Corn 
and ots and it was Pretty Cool Sir and I got 56 bushel 



34i 

of Corn here to Nathan Adams and we have the best of 
Rowen for our oxen and Corn and I live at the best lie 
in a bed Sir 

13 we Cut a boar and then I helpt fix 2 teams to 
Danbury and I have 3 of my oxen very lame & So I 
took the Roan mare and Came to Danbury and it was 
Cloudy Just at knight & I staid with Clemmons at 
Benedicts wind South 

14 I went to fairfield and in the after noon the wind 
Shifted to the N W & was Quite Cold & I took Care 
of my oxen well & Cut wood door 

15 was Exceeding Cold and I mended an old Dra & 
took my old mare & Drawed 8 gammons and 5 half 
heads of hogs Down to the Reverend hezekiah Ripleys 
for to Smoke in his Smoke house & then went to Daniel 
Maicoes after Some ox boes & took Care of my oxen & 
So Concludes the Day 

16 I Drove Down a load of wood to waiter Cassons 
then gabriel Alen & I brought a load of hay from Sam 1 : 
taylors then it was a very Cold Day Just a Sun Down it 
begun to moderate Some 

17 it Snowed about 2 inches Deep and we went Nor- 
walk N Adams for Corn & otes and it Raind before 
knight Quite hard S wind at Even to the Northward I 
have a very bad Cold at this time 

18 well the Snow is bout gone only by the wall 
well we Set out to Danbury and it was Quite Cold & 
windy n w and we Came to mr Couches at Redden and 
Did lie in a bed live very well 

19 we Set out and got to Danbury but it was Exceed- 
ing Slipery and oxen was not all Shod and I had 50 
bushel of otes and we got some Shod and got to Couches 
at Redden again N w wind 



342 

20 we Came along to the Jump and Loaded us Each a 
load of wood and Came to greenfield and it was Cloudy 
all Day and Snowed a littel and we Staid at Hezekiah 
Bradlys fare well lie in bed 

2 ] I Swoopt Buttons and then went to fairfield town 
and onloaded our wood and then to Guires and then 
Allen & I went about one mild after hay and that made 
it in the knight S W warm 

22 was Exceeding Cold indeed and Allen and I 
Carted 2 load of Rowen from Joseph hanfords barn and 
which took tel in the knight Sir 

23 was very Cold and I went Nathan Adams and 
brought 60 Bushels of Ears of Corn and Eat apples & 
Drinkt Sider brought a barrel along for David Sturge 
Dram for that and Just at knight it Cloud up and I 
went to Sam. Smiths with my lame ox and got him fixt 
and very cold 

24 I got up in the morning and lookt out adors and 
the wind blew and Snow flew most terribly indeed and 
N E wind yesterday Last knight Extreme Cold well we 
went Down to Doct jizzups for a load of Straw for our 
oxen to lie on and then went to Sam : taylors and Loaded 
15 hundr of hay N West wind very Cold indeed Sir it was 

25 It was Cloudy NEW and very Cold and we Set 
out for Danbury with Corn oats and hay went to Couches 
at Redden 

26 in the morning I thought it was winter indeed N 
W : W very hard & Rite in our faces and I got my 
Shoes tapt and got to Couches about Day 'light in 

27 it was Colder than it was yesterday and we Came 
along to the jump and loaded Some wood & the wagon 
wheel Broke and then I came along with 7 Cattel Just 
at knight it Cloud up and looks like a Storm 



343 

28 in the morning it was Quite moderate and alien & 
I wen 2 mild to hanfords barn for a load of hay and then 
I went a mild and a half to Ebenezer Moores after Salt 
hay and it is Cloudy and warm I got my lame ox Shod 
and he is better for Sitting one Shoe he askt one shilling 
Six pence I gave him 2 

29 it raind last knight and this morning and I Cut up 
Some hogs and helpt Salt them for mr Continent & the 
Snow is gone 2 3 or 4 inches it was South w. and warm 
Now & at Even I Churnd & it was Clear N W. W and 
Cooler. 

30 I went to Joshua J innings and took 50 bushels of 
oats and then to greenfield Bradlys and 140 £ of flax 
and then to Simon Couches 15 or 16 mild warm and 
mudy very much Sir 

31 was Cloudy and I got as far as hoyt hill and it 
begun to Rain and I got to Danbury & onloaded and 
then it begun to Rain hard and I went to Couches and 
it was Raine and foggy I took Care of my oxen and then 
my Self 

February 1778 

1 was Cloudy and I Came home to guires and I live 
very well and work very Steady and my lame Stag is 
got better & now I have 5 Cattel fit for Duty 

2 I Did not much only trim up my old mare and 
Doctor an old Sheep and then after noon I got 2 bushel 
of Oats from Esq Abraham Andrus and it was warm day 
and Some hazy 

3 I Did not much I Brought a load of flax out of 
that lot for guire and it is warm and thawe I Sawd pin 
wood for Seth Sturge 

4 a little after Dinner I took my team and went to 
Norwalk after Corn I Brought 60 Bushes Ears it is bad 



344 

Carting indeed the mud is only about half leg Deep and 
I will tel you what weather it is at this time it is Ether 
hazy or [ . . . "? ] I turnd out my Cattel and they 
told me there was 2 men bin to See me which I soon 
found it was John porter & Jeremiah Burmingham (?) 

5 it Raind Some in the morn and I Set out to Dan- 
bury with Corn and 7 Cattel and the mud was about 
half leg high upon a level & I went to mr Couches in 
Reden ' 

6 it was Cloudy and I went Danbury & william 
Clemmons set out with us and it Snowd N E wind and 
Cold and we got there Some in the Evening Put out our 
Cattel fare well Sir / 

7 I got up in the morn and the wind blew very 
terribilly N W and Cold as the jews & we Came along 
the Snow as high as the oxen backs Some time and the 
wheels all one as a Snow one only See the End of the 
Exeltree well we Came to the jump and took 4 long 
Pols 30 foot Each I brought 2 of them and along we 
Came very heavy Sir but I got along to greens farms 
and then filld my Crop Sir 

8 was Cloudy and I gave my oxen Some hay and 
then I Rode into fairfield to David Oarlys and then I see 
John Joslen & Jeremiah Burlingham & I Eat a Dinner 
of Scollops Pork and Sider & Veneger about 2 a Clock 
it begun to Snow & Just at Dark I Set out back to 
guires & the last snow was 10 inches and this 2 

9 we took Care of our oxen & then 3 of us went to 
tomme Couches and loaded our Carts out of his barn 
with hay Eat Dinner there Pork Pees Sider & then Alen 
and I went to Esq Andrus & measured 46 bushels of 
oats and it is very Cold N W wind 

10 we Set out for Danbury 4 of us & there was So 



345 

much Snow it was very bad Carting and Pretty warm in 
the afternoon it thickened up and Clouded up Just at 
knight & we got to Couches at Redden about 8 Clock 
live very well here 

1 1 Storm in the morning & last knight it Snowed a 
littel grain and now the Storm increases Rain & N E wind 
very Cold and this after noon I feel very Poorly Augurish 

12 I am very much not well indeed and it is Exceed- 
ing Stormy Snow North wind and very hard & we heard 
they ware a Suffering for hay at Danbury & So we must 
go we Set out about 10 o'clock and got a littel way and 
my Cart one wheel Sunk So far Down in a hole that it 
over Set the load the Snow was full of warter & the 
wheels would Sink into the and very heavy Carting 
indeed and we must waid about knee Deep the Chief of 
the way then I put my team to Clemmons and much 
adoe to get along then with 10 Cattel we got to Dan- 
bury Just Dark 7 mild and then I went to Capt hoyts 
& laid in a bed it has bin a very tedious day for a well 
person and worse for a Sick one 

13 in the morning I was very much unwell I will 
assure you and it is Clear and Cold & N W wind and I 
went to Warners and found that Pardon Burlingham 
lived at fish kill then I Eat a littel Victuals and then 
Clemmons and I Set out back & fell into the warter 
About knee deep in bettel well we got to Couches and 
got a Dish of tea and then I broke out with the Chicken 
Pox thick 

14 I am Exceeding Poorly and Sore and I Rode to 
the jump & then I took up a load of wood and we got 
to guires about Sun Down and it is very Cold indeed 
and I have a pain in my head and bones very bad I 
went to bed Direct 

44 



346 

15 I got up about 9 Clock and I am very Poorly 
yet I Drinkt a littel tea: about noon I begun to feel 
better Some Pretty Pleasent to Day Cloudy at knight 
and 

16 last knight it Snowed 2 or 3 inches and to Day I 
feel much better I went to Esq Andres for 2 bags of 
oats & it was Cloudy all day Cold 

17 was Exceeding Cold and windy I with 4 oxen 2 
mares I Came along to Redden and ther Came along a 
wagoner & with his jack lifted out the wheel & I got to 
Danbury about 7 Clock with a Cart & a wagon Sir 

18 I staid in town til about 12 then I took 2 oxen & 
two horses & I went to mr Couches Pleasent 

19 we went to the jump and loaded Some wood & 
then to guires and it was Cloudy toward knight Pleasent 
Snowed a littel about Dark 

20 Clemmons & I went to Doct Jizsiphs(T) for a load 
of Straw then three of us went to Campo 3 mild and got 
Loads of hay and it was very Cold and Some Cloudy 
and last knight I lay upon the floor 

2 1 Clemmons & I went to Campo and got one load 
and then to hanfords barn for the other and it was very 
Cold Sir then we Came to guires 

22 four of us Set out for Danbury and we got along 
bravely and we got to Gershom bradleys and Refreshed 
us a littel and it begun to Snow morderately and we got 
to Couches about Sun Down and then took a littel w: 
india then went to Danbury got there about 9 Clock it 
was Dark and very bad Carting those 7 last milds then 
to Capt hoyts 

23 I Drew Some allowance and then I took my 
Cattel and 2 horses and went to Capt hoyts Saw mill 
after Rails S E wind Cloudy and warm 



347 

24 Snow melts apace and after noon i brake a littel 
flax & took my Cart to osborns to be mended Sir 
made Some legin Strings in the morning I Went to 
Doct Woods and Could Not git my oxen Shod and 
so not much to doe ^ 08 1 

25 I yoked up my oxen and benjamin Rockwell and 
I went to hezekiah Sanfords and it was a very hot Day 
for the time a year and Cloudy toward knight & we loaded 
our hay and laid upon the floor S wind 1 >H 

26 we took up our teams and it was' Cloudy & foggy 
and we Came up Such hills that almost hang over and 
it thawd very fast and was very bad going and we got 
home about 2 Clock :ft jj 

27 Rained a littel Snowed near one inch I Dressed 8 
pounds of flax Some Cooler and I have the head ach 
very bad it Cleared away in the Evening! vr.: 

28 Herrick and I went to hoyt hill and cut a load of 
walnut wood and Sold it to Isaac Reed for 22 Shillings 
and I took a Pair of Smooth buckels for 15 and to 
knight there was 29 teams Came into this town and 
Staid Sir and So Concludes february 1778 only in the 
Evening it Clouded up Speedioly and Snowed about 
one inch and half Deep Sir 

oi3 3BW () 

March 1778 

1 it was Chilly Cold with the wind to the N W 
before knight it Clouded up Some and the wind to the 
S W and I Rode my horse that I bought Last Week 

2 Was Exceeding Cold and blustring and I had tapt 
my Shoes in the after noon I went to hoyt hill and 
brought a load of wood it was Cloudy in the Evening 

3 Snowed a littel and is Raw Chilly Cold and wind 
to the N I feed my oxen Just at knight it begun to 



• 348 

Snow very fast and I Eat a very good Super of Rice 
and milk about a great bason full and I am a good 
Deal pleased to think that I am a going to be out of 
the C Service the wind N E I was weighed to Day and 
weighed 180 £ 

4 I yoked my team in order to work but Did none it 
was Clear and very Cold and the Snow that fell Last 
knight was 6 inches and w n w I fed my oxen well Just 
at knight Herrick and Set out to Redden to mr San- 
fords & 10 mild but we got there a good while before 
we went to bed it was a very Cold Evening 

5 was a very Cold morning and herrick and I went 
to giting out flax and we got out 37 £ only very tuff 
good Sider Enough 

6 we got out 42 and could not have the mill much 
tired me very much indeed Sir 

7 was Cloudy and not good for flax But we got out 
45^ oh I have longed to be at work as much as Ever 
a fish Did to be out of warter this good while So now I 
Can work Snowd Some Raind in the afternoon N E 
wind 

8 was Cloudy and nothing to Do happy Jo So So E 
wind and Cold 

9 was Cloudy N E wind Chilly we got out 53^ an d 
Raind Some 

10 was Cloudy wet and foggy Raind all Day and we 
got out 38^ and live well Sider Plenty Enough 

1 1 it being Cloudy and misty we took the flax we 
had Eamd and Came to Danbury very Slopy going we 
got Some Victuals Capt hoyts then went to Esq taylors 
there a Constabel Put herrick and I keepers over a Pris- 
oner So we took him to Landlord Dibels and put out 
his horses and keep him til morning 



349 

12 in the morning I felt very Poorly and the man 
and the Constabel Came in order to make him own what 
he had Done with the Rum that was mising & for now 
you see this Demmon was Carting a load of Rum for 
Coleman from weathersfield to the N River & Some 
gallons were gone Examination was made and it was 
found out that he lapt it and got groggy and mad not a 
good Spoil and it leaked out So the poor man was 
obliged to Pay all he had for it and Still went on with 
him his Paying our Expense and 18 S apiece and very 
warm foggy Day Sir 

13 was Cloudy and foggy and warm and the Snow 
thaws apace and very mudy and I heard Some Robins 
and blue birds and it Seems like Spring and now here I 
live upon Expense it being no weather for buisness as 
fogy as Ever I Saw it in my life I was weighed to 
Day 177 

14 was fogy and bad going as Ever I Saw it almost 
& I Sold my horse to a C officer for 1 1 dollers 8 year 
old I feel very uneasy it Cleared away before noon and 
very warm & Just at knight I Rode with agur hoyt to 
Swomp Lot and Skind a Cow they hid Dead and it is 
very mudy indeed Sir 

15 was Clear and I had nothing to ^ ; st at Even 
it Clouded up in the knight it Raind S Vi 

16 was Cloudy Raine fogy I took my Cloath to Jane 
taylor to make a frock then I Deald out Some Provision 
in the Clerks Room pr Stead 

17 was Cloudy I think I Never See Such a Spell of 
weather in my life and about noon it begunt to Clear 
away with the wind N W and Some Cooler and I Deald 
out mor Provision at Even we agreed to work for Capt 
talor and get out flax and 



35o 

i8 we Dressed flax for Capt taylor and Dressed out 
16^ Quite Clear and Cool N W wind 

19 a fine warm Day S wind and we Dressed 12^ the 
Snow is all gone and has bin Some Days 

20 morning was Some fogy and S wind we Dressed 
14 Pounds of flax Just at knight Capt morgan Came to 
me from the Small Pox woodbury and want me more 

21 was Exceeding Cold N W wind and morgan 
intervend with me to Stay Some longer & I took C. 
C A oxen and went to Capt hoyts Saw mill for wood 
and I wosht my face and hands and in a minute or 2 
there was ice froze on my hair oh it is very Cold indeed 
Sir then I was obliged to Eat C provisions again not good 

22 was Exceeding Cold and I took Care of my oxen 
and froze very hard last knight Some Peopel Say to 
Day is as Cold as any Day in the winter if there was 
Snow on the ground and so 

23 was Some more Pleasent and I brought Some 
warter from the River for mr loyd to Wash then to the 
Saw mill with winter for wood 

24 in the morning we Drawd Some more Pork and 
beef not good then feed my oxen with Corn for we have 
no hay Poor oxen I Piety them and I am not well for I 
have got the Quik Step I went to barns Shop and Staid 
there a Spell Just at Even i See Some horses Run 

25 was fogy in the morning and winter & I Set out 
for fairfield and went as far as bethel and Hezekiah 
Sanford we met and ted to go to his house and we went 
bty,tiie<way ofumpawog got there a littel before knight 

. 1 3(3: we loaded our loads and the wind was South and 
very high and it was wofull Carting we got along it 
Raind Some Snowed So it Covered the ground S E 
wind and very Chilly 



35i 

27 Last knight it Snowed a littel more and Some 
this morning about noon I See Jeams Cotes agoing 
home and I went to Capt hoyts Saw mill for wood and 
it was Pretty Cold our Pork and beef Stinks So I Cant 
Eat it & I buy my Victuals SWWWhWNh 

28 was Cloudy and I and benjamin Rockwell and I 
went into the woods after timber and with much adoe 
got back about Sundown Sir 

29 was S E wind and Stormy very Cold and Just at 
Even it begun to Snow and hail very tedious and I went 
to Mrs Clerrks 

30 wind was N E very Cold and I & Benjamin Rock- 
well went to Reden 10 mild it Raind all the time almost 
and I was very wet and Cold and I foddered the oxen 
at the uper barn I feel poorly at this time 

31 I was not well I got breakfast and then we went 
up to the barn and fand 17 Bushels of wheat & Rie and 
then weighed our Loads and the wind E of N and blus- 
tring and Cold 

April 1778 

1 the Sun Shines Pleasent and Clear and about 10 
Clock we Set out for Danbury and got home before 
knight and Drew allowance for this month m w s w h 
w n h 

2 was Cloudy and Raind Some and we only took 
Care of our oxen and at knight there was a thunder 
Shower from S w 

3 morning was Something Stormy both with Rain and 
Snow and I hetcheled Some flax for mother hoyt and 
N W wind & Cold and after noon we 3 or 4 went to 
the Saw mill after wood and ah ha Last friday I heard 1 
or 2 frogs peep peep peep 

4 3 of us went to new town woods after timber & 



352 

Some Cool and we got home before knight I am not 
well a very bad Cold indeed and in the Evening I had 
the head ake Very bad indeed Sir 

5 is pretty Cool and I have the head ach very bad So 
I am not abel to work it increases as the Sun Rises 

6 my head Did ake and So increased and it was Clear 
& pleasent and after noon it Cloudd up and fed my 
oxen and the Snipe whisel and the frogs peep and the 
toads Blurr and it is Spring I believe Sir 

7 I was not well yet and I got Clemmons oxen Shod 
and Capt morgan went with me to the Doct and in the 
after noon it Clouded up Some and the wind at Even N 
and Comforts hoyts girl had a Convultion fit 

8 was a very Cold Day I went to the Doct and they 
Blooded me and gave me a puke & I feel very poorly 
indeed Sir 

9 was Pretty Pleasent with the wind Southwad and I 
was 19 years of age this Day and I went and got my 
oxen Shod and Some Prg brite moon Shine knight 
Pleasent 

10 it is Quite warm and foggy and I went to Redden 
and Loaded 1 1 Dozen of Spokes & and then Staid at 
Hezekiah Sanfords all knight Lie on the floor 

1 1 was warm and fogy and I Came to Danbury the 
frogs & toads keep the musick up and I guess the 
Suckers Run 

12 fogy and warm I have the head ake the grass is 
green we Set out to fairfield and went to Sam : thorps 
and it was Cloudy warm 

13 we bought a load of wood apiece and we got to 
fairfield and Sold our wood for 18 S per Load and then 
to Capt wakemans got Some Sider Lie on the floor 

14 we went over to mr Barrs and winter and I mr 



353 

Burr Weighed and Loaded 32 hundred of hay and it 
was Cloudy and warm and then to wakemans again 

15 it Raind Last knight and this morning while we 
went 7 mild then we went to gershom Bradlys and got 
a good breakfast then got along to Couches and turnd 
out for fear of turning over in the Dark Such way Just 
as we was a going to bed we Dreamd of a tory Just by 
and 7 of us went and took him it was one that had bin 
to the Enemy and was back on a Spie his name David 
Roe 

16 it Raind a littel and we Set out and it was very 
Bad Carting and we got to Danbury about 2 or 3 and it 
is Cloudy & wind S W Morgan has got a man to 
Drive in Clemmons Room Adna jillet and 14 of this 
month he Came here ' 

17 Adna jillet and I went to mend Some fence the 
other Side of hoyt hill and we brought a Load of wood 
off of the hill back went to morrisses for Cloath 

18 in the morning I mended up the yard and N W 
Cold and Clemmons and woolf Set out for home and I 
went after Some Cloath for Some trousers and got none 

19 I felt very poorly for I anointed for the atch Last 
Evening and I only took Care of my oxen S to 
m to h 

20 was very windy and Cold and blustring and I 
went into the woods after Some timber and I Came back 
to bethel and heard that Capt hoyts house was burt and 
I Came along and I found it to be So well I had 47 
pound of flax knapsak and a New frock burnt besides 
many notions So I turnd out my team and Slept in the 
School house 

21 I took Care of my oxen & then I went to Capt 
grinnels after oats and for a load of goods and then S W 

45 



354 

wind Some Cloudy and I See them play ball and we 
Slep at Maijor taylors and 

22 Was a fast throughout the Continent and we 
Drew butter and Rice and the Rum that I had Lost was 
more gave me in the Room Southerly wind and Cloudy 
and at Even we went up to the meeting house and 
heard the band of musick Play Belonging to Colo Sam : 
B webs 

23 was very wind and Cold and we went to Capt 
Grinnels and loaded his good in order to go to fairfield 
and after noon williams and I went to Reden after hay 
and live well Sir 

24 we loadd one load of hay at Hezekiahs barn & 
then the other to Capt Ezekiels barn and then Drove 
them both together and no more and it was windy and 
Cold N W Clear 

25" was very Cold I heard a brown thrasher Sing and 
we Came to Danbury with our hay 10 mild or more 
and I bought 4 yards half toe Cloth 20 S & we Carried 
our thing to Major taylors and Sleep there 

26 Last knight was very Cold and Capt taylor gave 
me Some Breakfast and it is pretty pleasent But the 
wind is N W and Southerly toward knight Silas Dene 
went through this town Just from france I See 3 Swal- 
lows to Day 

27 I fed my Cattel as usual and it is pretty pleasent 
and Just at knight I took my 2 Draw horses and Stradled 
them bothe at once and Run them Several times and 
then I betwixt 2 Stools I Came to the ground with a 
Small hurt But I Caught them and Rod them one more 
and So Concludd 

28 jillet and I and williams went to the Saw mill for 
Rails and helpt them Draw 4 Logs to mill for his house 



355 

and it is pretty warm and then I went up to Doct woods 
after boards & Carried them to osborns and I Dont in- 
tend to Drive a team for my Continent any more yet Sir 
goodby 

29 now my buisness is to take Care of the horses and 
I took Care of them and viz to give them oats and hay 
and warter & Carry them oats 2 times a Day hay as 
much as they will Eat S wind Cloudy 

30 I took Care of my horses and then I took my 
Cloath to jane taylors for Some trowsers and it was 
Cloudy and N E wind and Cooler I heard 2 perwinks 
and I have 17 horses at knight I went after my trousers 
and Play [ ] 

May 1 it Raind Last knight and Does this morning 
N E wind and Cold & I fed my horses & 16 then thig 
Day I See in the print that Ebenzer Brunson att Water- 
bury his wife had two Sons that weighed Seven pound 
Each and a Daughter that weighed Six pound & 12 
ouncsess and all at one birth and now alive Amos barns 
the 11 day of march 1778 his wife had a Daughter 10 
Pounds one quarter weighed Raind Some in the after- 
noon 

2 I took Care of them Early and then I made a yard 
for to keep them in and it Raind in the morning Early 
Cloudy after 

3 was Clear and I am lame yet and I think the wind 
is N W and Some Cloudy and they are a Carrying off the 
Draughted torys to New haven 

4 I took Care of the horses and just at knight Stephen 
herrick Came back from the Small Pox 600 he had in 
his face and n w wind I live very well for Continentel 

5 I took Care of my horses and then tended Mason 
for Jemmy Scougel at Maijor taylors and So the Day 



356 

was very pleasent and I have Some fat horses and Some 
invaatods I bought 4 yards of toe Cloath for 18 Shillings 

6 I hung on Some warter for brewing and then I went 
and helpt move the Parlour of Capt hoyts house that 
was not burnt and in the after noon I helpt Raise another 
as big as the old one pretty warm to Day 

7 I take Care of the horses and Herrick and I Cut a 
boar and one yesterday and it is Some Cooler and Cloud 
up in the Evening and Raind all knight I was weighed 
and 181 pounds weighed 

8 Raind Some in the morning I took Care of the 
horses Cleard away before noon Quite Cool n w wind 
and pretty Easy time of it Sir 

9 was Quite a Cold Day and we Drew allowance for 
the Rest of this month I bught a pair of good Deer 
Skin Breeches for one Doller at Vendue I Carted 100 
Boshel of hay Just as Even 

10 as I was wartering of the horses one of them Run 
away & I took Care of the Rest and then I pursued him 
and I Could hear that he was Seen on the Run toward 
Redden I went 7 mild I met winter and jillet they had 
took him & taild him to the Cart So I Rode him back 
in a hurry led the other the after noon Clouded up & 
Raind a littel I live very well 

1 1 I work as usual and Cut herricks hair off and it is 
pretty warm one family has got the Small Pox the 
Natural way n w wind 

12 I took Care of the horses and then I went with 
Amos hoyt in the woods puling bark very warm Day I 
want to be at home Sir at knight 8 horses more than 
Common 

13 Last knight Came home Prisoners from Long island 
Lievt: Clerk and troubridge and that was taken at fourt 



357 

Washington and I took Care of my horses and then Rod 
after Some Cows thunder Shower the North Raind Some 
here 

14 was Election and I Did live very well Egg Nog 
to the Coopers I went to taylors the East Part of bethel 
at knight C hoyts m w h w Sir N h 

15 I put two horses to Pasture and I helpt herrick 
onload Some hay a very hot Day as has bin this Spring 
the trees are leavd out and the apel trees Rlossomd Some 
Egg punch I Ride about Some Sir I gess 

16 I Drove my horses to Deacon knaps lot and it is 
very very warm Some Cloudy 

17 I Drove the horses to pasture again and they Ran 
over to Shelter Rock and N W wind at Even I went to 
Chriks frtoswmwl was Sent for and I went all knight 
after a tory but Could not find him 

18 we Came into Danbury and got a w india was 
Cloudy all Day Some Cooler 

19 was very hot Day take Care of my horses Ride 
about Some Study Some Cloudy Some 

20 put Some horses in knap and Some in Starrs Lot 
and it is fine weather hot I Study Every Day S wind one 
of the Span Did tread on my leg and lamed me Some 

21 took Care of horses and then Rode after Some 
Sheep & found 22 and after noon herrick and I went a 
fishing and Caught 14 and S wind very hot Even to 
taylors Ed Ad k B M C 

22 Now I give the horses provinder Still but turn 
them to pasture in day time Snow at knight Cloudy in 
the after noon was Clear and Andrew williams and I 
Rode toward Ridgfield 4 mild and found the Rest of 
the Sheep and 

23 herrick went to tending the Small Pox & Exced- 



358 

ing hot and for the tim a year and So Sir I Carried 
home k H 

24 I took Care of the horses Early and then Eat Some 
Bread and milk to mother hoyts Exceeding hot and mr 
loyd Came from hartford Just at knight it Raind Some 
thundered Some to the north 

25 16 horses to Day and I have 2 Store horses and I 
Reed 30 Dollers for 2 months & N W wind I See old 
father Aroron wilder to Day and it is Cloudy at knight 

26 Winter and gillet is gone home and I Rode to 
Stony hill and after noon it is Cloudy S w wind Raind 
all knight 

27 morning it Raind and I brought up the horses and 
from the barn and then back to their Places again and it 
Rains very hard and Left Rain 10 Clock and Studied 
again and Egg Punch 

28 Clear & Cold wind N W I fixt my horses as usual 
and So no more 

29 Exceeding Cold and N W wind and I have a 
great Deal of Runing and Riding to to 15 horses 

30 I put all the horses on Deer hill & Last knight mr 
frost Did a deal Dammage for many Peopel in this 
town and 

31 was Cloudy & 9 Clock it begun to Rain & I take 
Care of the horses and that is all & it Rains very hard 
that in the Day and Storms all knight and that Con- 
cludes may 

June 1 was Cloudy and Rains I fed the horses and 
washd my frock and m w t my hair and then I took 66 
Dollers and took Care at knight and very bad and wet 
m w Stormy knight and So 

2 I had John Dod to help me and Shoo him a littel 
about it Cloudy & warm and at Even I fixt them again 



359 

and Rode old Nook to Capt Starrs barn and that was 
the last I Rode them A h m w 

3 was Cloudy and I got Som w india and then I fixt 
and Herrick and I Set out home and we Came through 
Newtown Boodbery and Warterbury and I met Capt 
tayler from the assembly and Just at Sun Down we 
Came to a tavern and I was much tired and then it was 
Cloudy hes Ben a very warm Day 

4 it Raind last knight and this morning we got 
breakfast and then we 9 Clock we Set and Raind we 
Set out and Came over the mountain and into Souther- 
ington and then Refreshed us and then through farm- 
ington within 5 mild of hartford Stopt at a widows house 
3 or 4 Clock we Dried us then got Some Victuals and 
then felt better and at Even it left Raining 

5 about Sun Rise I Set out and Came to hartford 
and Crossed the ferry 7 Clock and then we Came to 
Landlord alkutts and got Some breakfast I See Wm 
Moury Came through Bolton Coventry we See Doct 
Morrisson Murfee that Could not help him Self on his 
horse or off he Came with us to Land Lord Rust got 
Some Drink and then we Came to Simeon fobes and 
Staid all knight fared well 

6 morning was foggy and got breakfast and then Sun 
about 2 hours high Set out for home and Come Ashford 
and Pomphret and into killingly and it was very hot 
Day indeed I Came to Esq Dressers and Stopt a littel 
and the Sun about 2 hours high I Arived home with a 
blessing 

7 was Cloudy and Raind Some and I had not much 
work to Doe 

8 Raind last knight Cloudy this morning I went to 



360 

J m J m u m and then to I raining Just at knight it 
Cleard away &ISwMR 

9 I Came home and then I went Jeraels mungors 
Some Cool to Day and n w wind and Just at knight was 
Cloudy and 

10 I went to Burlingham in the after noon I Set out 
to Providence and I went Smithfield at Noah farnum 
then I See Jesse Joslen and over to J A Staid at farnums 

1 1 I went to Providence and Bought Some things 
and Came back to Job Angels and hoed Corn and it 
was Dreadfull to work But I held out with pretty good 
Courage Sir South wind 

12 I agreed to work 2 Days for 20 Shillings fenner & 
I hoed til most noon then we Stuck Some peas then after 
Dinner we Stubd Some bushes and then Just knight Cut 
a load of wood N A M J Elder Agells 

13 was Cool Some and I went to Stubing bushes and 
Lazents had Likte to have Drawn me away under Some 
Shady tree or other But I fought with all my might and 
at length I wearied his Patience and the Poor fellow 
went off with tears in his Eyes and I got better very fast 
hoed Some Just at knight 

14 I went Jude moury and then Jesse Joslen and I 
Came home to Killingly and it was in the Evening I 
went to John Marshes and See h R 

15 I went to Silas taffts and then to Joseph Mury (?) 
an then at knight I S with h R Pretty warm oh very hot 

16 was foggy in the morning and I helpt Ring Some 
hogs and I Did not much N wind 

17 I Rode to Pearses in the midel Parish to git my 
hat Dresd and ther was a 2 thunder Showers to the South 
one to the North I went to Lees home by J marshes 
fidld at Chaffies and So home Sir 



361 

18 morning I -Drinkt Some Stuff for the Jandice and 
Some Cooler Some hazy I went to John Plummers at 
Even I went RSWhR 

19 I went to Burlinghams and after noon I Rode to 
the midel Parrish for my hat Sir and So 

Sir Since January ith Day 1777 I have bin Chiefly in 
the C A and I have gaind or Eamd Seventy five Pound 
L M only £l S~°~° 

By Me Jofeph Joflen Jr 

20 I went toSmithfield in order to work went to 
Judge mowrys Cloudy toward knight 

21 was Cloudy and Raind Some in the morn then I 
went to Noah farnums See Jesse & John Some troubled 
I first Saw L B mg I went home 

22 Early I went to work for Job Angell & we went 
to Carting Stone Cloudy N : E wind warm 

23 in the morning I went to N farnums after a Plough 
then Carted Stone in after noon I Stubd brisk Cloudy 
wind N. E 

24 was Cloudy all Day but we Could See the Sun 
one in a while & there was almost a total Elipse of the 
Sun it was very Dark at Even to widow Sweets Cleared 
to Day 

25 was Clear & very hot and I went to Esq Steers 
after a plough and Burnt Some Bushes ther Cleard Just 
at knight I held plough 

26 was very hot indeed I held Plough John Joslen 
hurt him a makeing wall 

27 was Various hot indeed I hoed Corn & pertators 
and at Even went in Swiming was So hot at knight I 
Could not lie a bed lay on the floor 

28 was very Exceeding hot indeed as Ever I knew & 

46 



362 

I had the hair Cut off the top of my head & at knight to 
N : onlys 

29 we half hilld Corn it was very hot & Dry there 
was thunder Showers to the N & to the South but none 
here 

30 we hoed in the fore part of the Day into Swim at 
noon it was Various hot Pulld a littel flax in the after 
noon then hoed S wind Showers pass us 

July 1778 

1 in the forenoon we hoed in the after noon we moed 
Clover & it was most Dreadfull hot & C Showers to the 
South of us 

2 we moed again & it was Exceeding hot But Some 
more wind Stiring Just at knight was a thunder Shower 
Raind But more North of us 

3 Was Cloudy and Some Cooler & I held Plough 

4 Remember independence I held Plough and Just 
at knight Cleard away from the N W and Showery to 
the South 

5 was Clear N W wind and very Cool I went to 
Meaten to wenscout 

6 these last two week I have had 7 Pound now I am 
to have 7 Pound 10 for half a month well I went to 
S farnums and got his oxen and then held Plough & 
was Something Cool 

7 We Carted one load of hay morn then John & I 
Plowed Some Pulld flax Some 

8 We Stackt one Stack of hay & ground our Sythes 
afternoon moed 

9 we Did moe tel Just knight then Carted 2 Load of 
hay it was very hot S wind 

10 moed Carted two load of hay Cloudy Some & 
pretty warm Raind in the knight 



363 

1 1 we hoed in the forenoon it was Cloudy and in the 
afternoon we Raked hay and got one load into the barn 
then it Raind a littel Swiming very hot day 

12 was Clear & Cool mg Day time E Angels 

13 moed in fore part of the Day & after part took up 
Rie & was Cloudy Carted in one load 

14 we moed it was Cloudy Just at knight was Clear 
& I broke my Sythe and then Raked then n f Cherrys 
Rum 

15 we moed in the fore part after part we Raked and 
Poled out of the Pond and So tis Carted one load 

16 I hoed a littel in the morning & then Carted one 
Load of hay and one of Rie and it was very hot & Dry 
then Stakt one load afternoon Stackt one more Carted 
one more to the Stack 

17 in the forenoon we hoed in the afternoon we moed 
very Dry weather these Days 

18 was a frost in the meadow in the morning and we 
moed all Day killd Some bumbel bees 

19 I went to J Smiths n f E A Judge Mourys then 
at knight I S w N : O fenner with Henrite Only 

20 was Cloudy and we moed all Day Raind Some 

21 I went to Judge mowrys and moed in the fore 
noon in the after noon Raked for Job mowry Cloudy at 
Even 

22 was Cloudy & misty & we moed all Day and ivy 
very plenty 

23 we hoed Pertaors and I begun to Eatch the poison 
Did and Just at knight I heard of the alarm at Provi- 
dence 

24 was Cloudy and I hoed I think & I am a good 
Deal poisoned with ivy N E winds and Cool these days 
Spread Some flax 



364 

25 I moed a littel in the mom then I Stird up hay in 
the afternoon I Raked and was So lame I Could hardly 
goe at Even I washd with beat broin and I likte for to 
a fainted Could not Eat 

26 I washd again and Did almost faint Surely for* it 
Struck the Poison in to my Stomack &>mrs moury gave 
me Some Rum & a tub of Warm warter then I washd 
the broin off with Sope Suds then wore a petecoat for 
my legs and thighs ware much lame 

27 I was very lame hardly goe Sick to my Stomack 

28 I was very lame but I Put burdock leaves & that 
Drawd out the Poison and I was not So Sick at my 
Stomack But very lame yet 

29 I felt Some better & afternoon I Rode to Job 
Angells and washd in the tan trough and Put on a Clean 
Shirt and trowsers and I felt Some better but very much 
Swelld yet 

30 I moed all Day & was very tired indeed Sir But I 
live as well here as I Can Desire to 

31 I Rakd in the forenoon & in the afternoon we 
moed in the bog meadow and it was Cloudy oh Raind a 
littel in the forenoon 

August 1778 

1 was Cloudy & I Carted 3 load of Wood after noon 
I Rakd hay and I was Draughted for 20 Days and 
John likewise Southerly winds lately Clear after noon 

2 I helpt Stack one Stak then Came to Charles haw- 
kins See John was Exceeding hot to J Angell I went 
then N f Staid at Jobs A 

3 I workt for Noah farnum moed in the fore noon 
after noon Raked & he Came home from Carting Shower 
in the knight 



365 

4 I moed : Some what hot 

5 I moed in his meadow and there was a fine Shower 
and Showery all Day Just at knight heard we ware Sent 
for & glad was I Surely I was well I took a horse and 
Rode up to Judge Mowrys and got me Some Cloath 
for a knap Sack Sent for you under Stand ie to go to 
Rhodeisland 

6 to E A I made me a knapsack then I went to 
Joseph Farnum for Some mony then I fixt and went to 
Job A then I Rode to Joseph Sprage for my gun & 
acutuments then Jesse John & I with Sevrel more Set 
out for town went to E Angells & Enlarged Some more 
to our Company and we marchd to town and got there 
Jut before knight and I went into Swiming and we Did 
Lodge in the Court house So it begins 

7 Soon as light I got up and See the Continentels 
March through town and we bought Some Stores for us 
and got breakfast at Mrs tripes and very hot I bought 
me a Cahtee about 12 we Set out for tivy town we went 
through Patucket Rehoboth to the meeting house the 
other Side mildes bridge and Slept on the ground 6 
of us 

8 about 2 or 3 Clock we mustred and marched into 
Swansy and got breakfast of Chocolate then over Slates 
ferry into free town then & it was very hot & we Eat 
Dinner then we marchd over fall River into tivy town 
and the Dust Did fly very bad it being So Dry we 
Encampt Som here Som there I lay by a hay Stack 
Cloudy knight 

9 was Some Cloudy we got breakfast of Chocolate 
then went to the perrade and washd our gun & fixt them 
in good order then_ we marchd to howlands ferry then 
there Came up a very hard Shower then we Crossd the 



366 

ferry about 3 Clock on to Rhode island then we marchd 
almost to the fort then we Laid in the great Room and 
it Raind Some in the knight Now I was in Capt trask 
Company Colo 1 : Angell Reg nt : generel west Brigade 
Sir 

10 was Cloudy the french Ships went out and Did 
Engage the English Batteries New port and cannonaded 
about 2 or 3 hours very Smart indeed Jess & John went 
out on a Scout Down to the lines at knight I went upon 
guard to the bridge Raind Some 

1 1 Jess & John Came back and made a littel wall to 
keep the wind off a littel for it was N : E : and very Cold 
at knight I Come off of guard & nothing to Eat hardly 
and we Slept there it Raind in the knight oh dear no 
tents nor house 

12 we Stired about & built us a Stone house and 
Coverd it with brakes and in the after noon it begun to 
Rain hard and it Came through our house upon us & 
then we went 1 mild in the Rain for Some hay then we 
ware wet to the Skin and our house did Still leak and 
very Cold and Strong N E wind Jes & I three more 
went 1 mild and found a hay Stack and turnd off Some 
hay and Crep under and was almost Chilld to Death and 
by and by the Rain found the way to us Raind on us all 
knight 

13 in the morning we Crope out and Could hardly 
Stand but we took a littel Dram apice for we had not 
much then we Came up to the Stone house and there 
found John Just alive and a few more with him much 
So and I got Dry after a while But I feel very poorly 
there was a boil over my left Eye and I Cannot See with 
it I think it is a very Cold N E Storm as Ever I See 
this time a year Just at knight I went and got Some 



3^7 

more Rum & at knight I Slep Some better Some 
Dryer 

14 was pretty Clear and we fixt up our guns and then 
we perraded and marchd to the warter & fired by Plat- 
toons then got Some Dinner & I feel very Poorly and 
Sick afternoon we went to the fourt & Could not git 
any Cartridgs very warm E ward the wind is 

15 we ware ordered to march all the forces to the lines 
and John & I was very poorly and Jere Burlingham & 
we got our Packs Carried and we "Came along after and 
Just at knight we Did Encamp in a whatelbury Plain 
& 1 mild & half off the lines & I feel very much un- 
well then I got one more bottel of Rum Slep in the 
Bushes 

16 was Cloudy & we built us a Bush hut and I feel 
Some better & Just at knight Jesse John & I was Draw- 
ed out to go to intrenching and we went in about 3 
Quarters of a mild of the Enemy and built a fourt and it 
was foggy and we Came off Soon as it was light 

17 and I feel very Poorly Sir Cannot Eat any thing 
hardly tel Just knight I Drinkt Some Coffe & So we 
lie on the ground 

18 I feel very unwell yet to my Stomack head & 
bones and the Enemy keep a Constunt fireing many of 
our guns broke to Day with Shot from the Enemy 
Severel wounded and hessians Desert to us Every 
knight Jes in on fautiege John & I upon guard to 
knight Cloudy & fogy and So hes bin Ever Since we 
Came on the island almost 

19 I feel Some better Cleard away in the fore noon 
and there is fireing on both Sids to Day at knight I 
was Releived from guard Sir 



3^8 

20 Constantly fireing Still fortifying & I feel Some 
better I washd my knapsack 

21 about Sun Rise we Set out upon fautige Jes Joh 
& I & we went Down to the lines in order to intrench 
and we ware in Plain Sight about half a mild off of the 
Enemy & the ground was but Just broke and we laid 
Down our guns and Just begun to work & they begun 
to fire upon us very fast from 4 bateries & about one 
hour very fast but with a blessing not one man Received 
any wound over a while we Could Eat & Drink very 
well when Coverd Steady fire all day not So fast 

22 I feel Poorly to Day and I bought Some Cheese 
and Stedy fireing one man killd to Day one much 
wounded yesterday 

23 there Came on more troops and they fire hoet for 
they begun the breast work for the great morter Last 
knight Steadyly fired at it to Day and Small arms was a 
littel Dischargd between the guards 2 of our men taken 
at 4 Clock Jes & John & I went on fautiege to the bum 
battery against tomery and placed the great mortir in 
order for work and Came off in the morning. 

24 morning I feel very poorly they a Continual fire 
on both Sides not much to Do to Day 

25 Soon as light we Peradd and marchd to head 
Ouearters and praydd and wheeld and formd and So 
workd a Spell then afternoon John I and Some more went 
near 3 mild after fautiege Rum and the balls Came along 
Now and then one one through the Store we Drawed 
the Rum or through the Rough & took one board off 
and So they hopt very merry hot Day 

26 Soon a light we perraded and atended prayrs and 
it is very hot we Drawd Provision and I think there has 
bin 6 or 7 men killd and died of their wounds and more 



369 

wounded and one 18 Pounder Split the other Day hurt 
no body and one Brass morter Split Some the Centrys 
Change a tew Shots Every knight I feel very poorly 

27 Soon as light we perraded and Reeturned our Pots 
and kettels into the Store and the Sun about 2 hours 
high we Came through Portsmouth to bristol ferry and 
went on board of a Sloop in order to Come to Provi- 
dence then there was no wind what there was was a head 
and we lay all almost asleep and they all hallowed out 
and Said we ware taken for there was an English tender 
upon us now I was Down in the hole and So Expected 
but it was one of our own Past Just by and we beat 
along almost to Conimicut Point and lay tel Day 

28 head wind So we Steerd for warrick Neck and 
landed and then got a good breakfast but I feel very 
Poorly indeed we had wheet Bread milk and we Came 
through Pautuxet and Providence and North Provi- 
dence into Smithfield to Job Angels and got Some 
Clean Clothes. 

29 I got breakfast then went to Judge Mowrys Setled 
with him & there was a very heavy Cannonade we Could 
hear and they had a very Smart Engagement on Rhode 
island Cloudy in the afternoon I Staid at Job Angells 

30 I Staid to Job Angells tel Just knight then went 
to Colo 1 : mowrys and Staid all knight and I am not well 
in helth 

3 1 was Cloudy and I Carted a load of wood and then 
W m : mowry and I was Comeing up with a team in order 
for to move Jere h : Burlingham to Smithfield So I Came 
to Killingly Jest at Knight and I am not well indeed 
at all but I went to Burlinghams for Some Physick 
Buckthers 



47 



INDEX. 



Abblare, 264. 
Abels, William, 258. 
Abington, 299. 
Adams, Ens., 68, 79, 88. 

Nathan, 341, 342. 

Parker, 321, 329, 330. 
Addison, 261, 287. 
Agell, Elder, 360. 
Albany, 139, 224, 226, 232, 248, 253, 

260, 288, 292. 
Aldrich, Meria, 335, 336. 
Allen, 342, 343, 344. 

Col., 145, 146, 147. 

Gabriel, 340, 341. 

Martin, 255. 
Allerton's Point, 91. 
Allge, Capt, 156. 
Ambler, Joshua, 316. 
Amboy, 177. 
America, 5. 
Amewalk, 320. 
Anderson, 180. 
Andrie, Lieut. John, 155. 
Andrus, (Andre), 344, 346. 

Abraham, 343. 

Joseph, 258. 

Theodo, 258. 
Anstruther, Lieut. Philip, 155. 
Angell, 363. 

Col., 366. 

E., 36S. 

Job. 360, 361, 364, 365, 369. 
Arlington, J23. 
Armstrong, 243. 
Arnold, Capt, 283. 

Gen., 223, 224, 225, 237, 266. 269. 
270, 271, 272, 279, 280. 

Benedict, 5. 

Stephen, 248. 
Arnold's Point, 272. 
Ashford, 184, 336, 359. 
Ashman, 253. 
Attleborough, 119. 
Avires, 201. 
Rabcock, 62. 

Ens., 63, 64, 88. 



Baily, Capt., 155. 

Col., 81. 
Baker, 241. 

Widow, 251. 
Baker's Harbor, 250, 251. 
Baldwin (Baldin), 73. 

Lieut., 63. 

Lieut.-Col., 22, 24. 

James, 258. 
Ballowd, Samuel, 258. 
Bancroft, Capt., 19. 
Barber, 253. 
Barboo, Atwill, 263. 
Barman, 261. 
Barns, 322, 327, 350. 

Amos, 355. 

Jared, 220. 
Barr, 352. 
Barror, Isaac, 315. 
Bar tarn, 340. 
Bartlett, Samuel, 40. 
Bassett, Serg. Abraham, 191. 

Benjamin, 220. 

Drum Maj. John, 29. 
Bason Harbor, 242, 248, 250. 
Batchler, John, 36. 
Battistarrun, John, 263. 
Beach, Amos, 257. 

Michael, 257. 
Beadle (Bedel), Col., 144, 145, 146, 

162, 250, 251, 252, 265. 
Bedford, 327, 328. 
Bediance, Nathan, 258. 
Beebe, Benajah, 64. 
Bellamy, 113. 
Belcher, Dr., 322. 
Belchertown, 132. 
Bemus Heights, 224. 
Benedict, 329, 341. 

Capt., 140. 

Comfort, 328. 

Thadeus, 303, 304. 
Benjamin, 253. 

Capt. Nathan, 253. 
Bennington, 228, 236. 
Berce, David, 257. 



3;2 



Bergen, 199, 200. 

Bergen's Point, 178. 

Berry, Michael, 59. 

Bethel, 315, 317, 319, 337, 338, 339, 

340, 345, 350, 353, 357- 
Betts, 340. 

Burr el, 306. 
Bigelow, Maj., 14. 
Bill, 81. 

Lieut., 287. 
Billings (Billins), 90. 

Peleg, 258. 
Bishop, David, 220. 
Blackmail, Jack, 287. 
Blague, Capt., 223, 228. 
Blakslee, Jared, 220. 

Obed, 220. 
Blanford, 132. 
Blany, 74. 

Blinman, Rev. John, 3. 
Blover (See Glover). 
Block Island, 106. 
Boardman, Oliver, 221, 232. 
Bocage, Daniel, 6. 

Elizabeth, 6. 

Hon. G. W., 6. 

Joseph, 6. 

Leonidas, 6. 
Bolecer, 265. 
Bolton, 359. 
Bond, 288. 

Lieut.-Col., 15, 17, 23. 
Bonney, Jarus, 258. 
Booth, 303. 
Bornam, Capt., 119. 
Boston, 1, 4, 33, 34, 37, 45, 52, 54, 91. 
93, 97, 99, 101, 102, 103, 106, 108. 
109, 118, 122, 127, 136, 177, 23_>, 

233, 237- 
Boston, 270, 275, 276. 
Boston Neck, 107. 
Bostwick, 309, 310. 
Bourn, Peter, 108. 
Boyd, 310, 312. 
Bozrah, 334. 
Bracket, Lieut.-Col., 18. 

Col., 29. 
Bradford, 315. 

Ens. William, 260. 
Bradley, 251, 343. 

Lieut., 213. 

Gershom, 346, 353. 

Hezekiah, 342. 
Brainerd. 301. 
Brave, 156. 
Bray, John, 23. 
Brcggs, 260, 261. 



Brentts, 245. 

Brice, Capt., 156. 

Brickit, Col., 54. 

Bridges (Brigg, Brigges), Col., 13, 

25, 42, 46, 53, 56, 57- 
Brigham, Lieut., 42. 
Brinley, 136. 
Brish, 314. 
Bristol Ferry, 369. 
Brocket, Capt., 179. 

Enos, 220. 

Isaac, 220. 

Isaiah, 220. 

Jacob, 220. 

John, 220. 

Monson, 220. 
Brookfield, 131. 
Brookline, 101, 102, 103, 334. 
Brooks, Maj., 17, 22, 25, 27, 46, 54. 
Broton, Nathan, 257. 
Brown, 260, 261. 

Gov., 199. 

Lieut.-Col., 23. 

Maj., 144, 145, 245, 246, 247, 248, 

257. 

James, 257. 

Maj. John, 242. 

John C, 258. 

Rufus, 64. 

Thomas, 70. 
Bruckit, Lieut.-Col., 23. 
Bruer, Adj., 65, 73, 85, 90. 

Col., 25, 70, 72, 81, 85, 88. 

Col. David, 56. 

Col. Jonathan, 57. 
Brunson, Ebenezer, 355. 
Bruster. Lieut., 64, 73. 
Buck, Roger, 300. 
Buckland, Capt., 289. 
Buel (Beuel. Buwell), Capt., 258. 

Col., 266, 288, 290. 
Bulkeley (Buckley), Gershom, 300. 

John, 338. 

Joshua, 299. 

Roger, 299, 300. 
Bunker Hill, 4, 24, 36. 39, 45, 120, 

121, 123, 129. 
Bunnell, Capt., 180. 
Burden, Stephen, 103. 
Burgoyne, 221, 227, 228, 230, 232. 

2.37- 

Gen., 22Q. 231. 233. 234, 282. 

Lieut-Gen. John, 235, 236. 
Burk, Abisha, 257. 
Burlingham, 361. 

Jeremiah, 344, 367, 369. 

Pardon, 345. 



373 



Burlingham, 360. 
Burmingham, Jeremiah, 344. 
Buniham (Burnam), 68, 81. 
Burr, 208, 353. 
Burrill, 292. 

Benjamin, 312. 

Col. Charles, 259. 

Isaac, 335. 
Burrough, Lieut. William B., 155. 
Burts, 217. 
Bush, 260. 
Butler, 35, 213, 214. 

Capt., 19, 71. 
Butterik (Butrick), 16. 

Maj., 18. 
Button, Daniel, 84. 
Byant, John, 258. 
Byram River, 217. 
Cadwell, Aaron, 242. 

Timothy, 179. 
Cageston, Elish., 97, 108. 
Calender, Capt., 40. 

Capt. John, 27- 
Cambridge, 3, 4, 9, 11, 19, 28, 29, 30. 
33, 36, 38, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 48, 
49, Si, 52, 54, 55, 56, 58, 60, 61 , 
66, 67, 68, 71, 72, 74, 76, 77, 79, 
80, 81, 82, 87, 88, 101, 104, 105, 
108, 120, 121, 127, 130, 131, 133. 
Camp, 329. 

Dea., 330. 

Luke, 98, 133. 
Campbell (Camel), Lieut., 155. 

Lieut-Col. Archibald, 177. 
Canaan, 133, 223, 241, 253, 305. 
Canada, 136, 144, 147, 148, 151, 155, 
227, 235, 236, 239, 242, 248, 259, 
278. 
Canterbury, 334. 
Cape Breton, 6. 
.Cape Fear River, 7. 
Carillion, 265. 
Carlton, 148. 

Gen., 151, 166. 

Gov.. 155, 166, 167, 17J. 

Sir Guy, 235. 
Carmil, Daniel, 48. 
Carnes. Maj., 147. 
Cary, Maj., 190, 191. 
Case, Dudley, 253. 

Dudley, Jr.. 260. 

Seth, 149. 
Casson, Walter, 341. 
Catling, Lieut.. 64. 
Ceders, The, 265, 266. 
Chaffee,. 261, 360. 



Chambly, 136, 144, 145, 146, 150, 156, 
158, 161, 169, 171, 172, 244, 245, 
246, 252, 261, 267. 
Chandler, John, 257. 
Chappel, Comfort, 64. 

Joshua, 63, 64. 
Chapin, Capt. Israel, 74. 
Chapman, Capt., 64, 70, 83. 
Charles, Daniel, 248. 

Joseph, 248. 
Charlestown, 22, 25, 28, 29, 120, 178. 
Charlestown Road, 14. 
Chatham, 334. 
Chelsea, 46, 48, 58, 126, 130. 
Cheseman, Capt, 258. 
Cheshire (Shesher), 301, 302. 
Chester, Capt., 35. 

Col., 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 188, 
189, 192. 

Commandant, 203, 209. 
Chester, 132. 
Quids, Capt., 320. 
Chistester, William, 257, 320. 
Chrik, 357. 
Church, Col., 57, 79. 
Clapp, 328. 

Mrs., 7. 

Esther, 6. 

Samuel, 6. 
Clark (Clerk), 301. 

Capt, 23, 66. 

Col., 186. 

Lieut., 356. 

Lieut.-Col., 18. 

Mrs., 303, 323, 351. 

Capt. Eathan, 106. 

Isaac, 256. 

Serj. James, 259. 

Thomas, 101. 
Claverack, 241. 

Clemmons, 306, 308, 309, 314, 316, 
317, 319, 320, 321, 322, 325, 326, 
328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 237. 
340, 34L 345, 346, 352, 353- 

John, 336. 

William, 305, 308, 344. 
Clift (Cleft), Capt., 63, 70, 83, 102, 

103, 104. 
Clinckhill, 253. 
Cochrun, Capt., 245, 246. 

Capt. Robert, 242. 
Cock. Capt, 159. 
Cogswell, 329, 330. 
Coit, Capt, 4, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 
25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 34, 36, 42, 
5t 53, 55- 70, 83, 93- 



374 



Coit, Ann, 6. 

Daniel, 3, 6. 

Elizabeth, 6. 

Esther, 6. 

John, 3. 

Joseph, 3. 

Leonidas, 6. 

M. E. S., 3. 

Sarah, 6. 

Capt. William, 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11. 

William, Jr., 6. 
Cokenowago, 244. 
Colchester, 299, 334. 
Coleman, 349. 
Cole, Gideon, 34, 35. 
Coles, Capt., 308, 309, 336. 
Coleverson, James, 88. 
Collin, Lieut, 72. 
Colwell, 113. 

Comstock, Theophilus, 257. 
Congress, 283, 284. 
Congress Bridge, 200. 
Conimicut Point, 369. 
Conisadoga, 264, 265. 
Connecticut, 4, 5, 9, 19, 26, 78, 82, 
136, 153, 158, 162, 164, 165, 170, 
172, 179, 180, 183, 184, 208, 209, 
289. 
Connecticut, 270, 271, 275, 276. 
Connecticut River, 5. 
Converse, Alpheus, 336. 
Cook, Col., 217, 225. 

Ebenezer, 185. 
Cooper, Levi, 214, 220. 

Mary A., 180. 

Samuel, 258. 

Thomas, 220. 
Coottins Manor, 307. 
Cornwall, 223. 
Cory, Josiah, ior. 
Cotes, Ben., 335. 

Eliphalet, 335. 

Jeams, 317, 351. 
Cotton, Capt., 19. 

Col., 56, 72, 78, 81. 
Couch, 341, 342, 344, 345, 346, 353. 

Simon, 343. 

" Tomme," 344. 
Courtland, Col., 214. 

Dr., 214. 
Courtland Manor. 310, 312. 
Coventry, 119, 336, 359. 
Covert, 266. 

Charles, 263. 
Cowass, 250. 
Criger, 290. 
Cristy, Col., 253. 



Croo, Elius, 255. 
Croston, Ens., 59. 

William, 36. 
Crown Point, 139, 140, 242, 248, 250, 
253. 257, 267, 270, 274, 281, 284, 
286, 287, 289. 
Crumpond, 307, 314, 320. 
Cumberland Head, 243, 274, 279, 

280, 281. 
Cummins, Lieut., 251. 
Cumpo, 305, 310, 346. 
Cupbaidge, Lieut. George, 155. 
Curtin, Maj., 13. 
Curtice, Serg., 186. 
Cushing, Col., 77. 
Cutler, 335. 

Danbury, 299, 300, 303, 304, 305, 306, 
307, 308, 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 
314, 3i6, 319, 320, 328, 329, 330, 
336, 338, 339, 340, 34i, 342, 343, 
344, 345, 346, 348, 35i, 35^, 353, 
354, 357- 
Danbury Island, 332. 
Dane, Levi, 258. 
Danielson, 73. 

Col., 56, 70, 72, 81. 88. 
Dapless, Nicholas, 263. 
Darrow, Lieut., 63, 68, 84, 88. 

Christopher, 89. 
Davenport, 208. 

Mrs., 208. 
Davis, James, 257. 

John, 59. 

Julius, 260. 

Lieut. Reuben, 74. 
Day, Adj., 89. 
Dayton, Jonathan, 220. 
Deane, Silas, 354. 
Decatur, Com., 6. 
Dedham, 119. 
Deer Hill, 358. 
Deerfield, 292. 
Defence, 5. 

Deming, "Jno.," 2^7. 
Demmon, 349. 
Demontiyny, 264. 
Denison's Bridge, 334. 
Despard, Lieut. John, 155. 
Devons, 14. 
Dewey (Deue), 241. 
Dewolf. 316, 331, 337. 
Dibble, 316, 348. 

Joseph, 328. 
Dickinson, 182. 
Dilivar, 313. 

Capt, 310, 313- 

Samuel, 311. 



375 



Dimon, Capt., 150. 
Dinsmore, Lieut. Bracket, 14. 
Dobbs Ferry, 199, 208, 209, 211. 
Dod, John, 358. 
Dogg (Dodge ?), Nathan, 73. 
Doolittle, 307. 

Capt., 307, 312. 

Col., 14, 56. 

Lieut., 301. 
Dorchester, 67, 86, 103, 106. 
Dorince, 83. 
Dote, 73, 83. 
Douglas, 70, 81. 

Brig.-Gen., 237. 

Col., 105. 179, 180, 181, 182, 184, 
185, 188, 189, 190, 191, 207. 

Com., 156. 

Maj., 143. 
Douglas, 156. 
Drake, Capt., 311. 
Draper, Thomas, 91. 
Dresser, 336, 359. 
Dudley, Edward, 36. 
Duffee, Lieut. William, 155. 
Duggan, Capt, 145. 
Dulhuntly, Lieut. Lawrence, 155. 
Dundee, Capt. Peter, 155. 
Dunly, Thomas, 40. 
Dunmore, Lord, 178. 
Dupe, Simeon, 260. 
Durgee, Col., 197. 
Durham, 301. 
Durkey, Maj., 21. 
Dyer, Solomon, 268. 
Eager, Col., 65. 
Earls, Jacob, wid. of, 335. 
Eason, Col., 158, 160, 167. 
East Chester, 200, 213. 
East Haddam. 101, 300. 
East Hartford, 101. 
East River, 189, 192, 193, 198. 
Eastman, Peter, 220. 
England, 152. 

Edmunds, Lieut., 64, 68, 70, 83, no. 
E[ ]rs, Maj., 257. 
Eldridge. Lieut., 63, 70, 73, 82, 83, 

84,88. 
Ellier, Amab. 263. 
Ellis, Lieut. Amos, 74. 
Elmor, Maj., 252. 
Elwell, 338. 
Ely, 90. 

Capt., 6q. 84, 89, 109. 

Lieut, 68. 
England, 152. 
Eno (Enough), 217. 



Enterprise, 146, 152, 242, 270, 271, 

275, 276. 
Evens, 313. 

Evarts, Capt. Joel, 258. 
Ezekiel, Capt., 354. 
Fairfield, 319, 323, 340, 341, 342, 344, 

350, 352, 354. 
Fall Bay, 272. 
Fall Harbour, 272. 
Fall River, 365. 
Fargo, 73, 83. 

Moses, 9. 
Farmington, 3, 113, 223, 239, 241, 

308, 309, 336, 359- 
F'arnum, Joseph, 365. 
Noah, 336, 360, 361, 364. 
S., 362. 
Fay, Capt. Josiah, 74. 
Febiger, 18, 22. 
Fellows, Col., 56, 72, 86, 88. 

Gen., 201, 220, 229. 
Fenner, 363. 
Ferris, 247, 250. 
Figment Point, 109. 
Fisher, Eleazer, 260. 
Fisher's Island, 115, 117. 
Fishkill, 338, 345- 
Fisk, Ens., 162. 
Finne, Col., 288. 
Flatbush, 186, 237. 
Flats, 224. 
Flower, Serj. Cornelius, 260, 287, 

295- 
Fobes, Simeon, 359. 
Ford, Isaac, 182. 
Forman, Thomas, 258. 
Fort Edward, 139, 260. 
Fort George, 241, 253, 260, 267. 
Fort Independence, 213, 214. • 
Fort Lee, 210, 211, 212. 
Fort Miller, 253. 
Fort Montgomery, 329. 
Fort Schuyler, 236. 
Fort Washington, 180, 181, 109, 204. 

205, 207, 208, 210, 211, 357. 
Foster, Capt, 50. 

Dr.. 71. 

Lieut, 19. 

James, 34, 35, 71. 
Four Brothers, 243, 247, 250, 273, 

277. 
Fox, 25, 29, 46, 53, 56. 

Lieut., 276, 280, 281. 

Allen. 257. 

Ansel, 279. 

Lieut. Jacob, 283. 



376 



France, 354. 
Frances, Capt, 19. 
Frasier, 228. 

Capt., 166. 
Frederixburg, 319, 338. 
Freeman, 88. 

Lieut. John, 155. 

Thomas, 88, 89. 
Freetown, 365. 
French, Ichabod, 257. 
Fresh Pond, 33. 
Frog's Neck, 217. 
Frog's Point, 199, 200, 201. 
Frost, 260, 261. 
Frothingham, 37, 45- 
Fry, Col., 13, 19, 23, 26, 57. 
Fuer, Corp. Bonvan, 263. 

Serg. Bonvan, 263. 
Gage, Gen., 4, 97, 108, 152. 
Gager, 14. 
Gale, Capt., 63, 64, 82, 84, 89, 101. 

William, 104. 

William W., 84, 89. 
Gallup, Lieut., 72, 81, 88. 
Gardiner, Capt., 75. 

Col., 19, 25, 32, 41, 57. 

Capt. Christopher, 79. 
Gates, 81. 

Gen., 229, 230. 

Maj.-Gen., 233, 234, 235. 

Brig.-Gen. Horatio, 42. 
Gay, Col.. 179. 
George, King, 5. 
George's Tavern, 102. 
Gerish, 22. 

Col., 17, 25, 27, 41, 57, 58. 
Gerry, Col., 30. 
Gibbs, 27, 28, 30, 52, 55, 61. ■ 

Moore, 257. 
Gilbert. Lieut.. 213. 

John, 220. 
Gillet (Jillet), 354. 356. 358. 

Adna, 353. 

Lemuel, 257. 
Gilliland. 248, 250. 
Gilliland's Creek, 253, 271, 273, 284. 
Glasgow, 132. 
Gloucester, 3. 
Glover, 25, 71. 

Col., 25. 26, 33, 41, 44. 49. 54. 57. 

7h 79- 

Commedant. 209. 

Lieut-Col.. 29. 
Gognoug, Lieut., 19. 
Gonsavort, Maj.. 258. 
Goodrich, Lieut. Silas, 74. 
Goodwin, Capt., 156. 



Goodwin, James J., 136. 

Solomon, 257. 
Goodyear, John, 184. 
Gordon, Capt. Andrew, 155. 
Gorum, Isaac, 340. 
Goshen, 223. 
Governor's Island, 180, 183. 184. 185. 

187, 188, 189, 193. 
Grajo, Mary, 169. 
Grand Isle, 249, 252, 261. 
Grant, Capt., 270. 
Graton, 288. 

Col., 286. 
Gray, 260. 

Great Britain, 152, 197, 233, 235, 241. 
Great Swamp, 223. 
Green, 16, 26, 27. 

Brig.-Gen., 57. 

Capt., 293. 

Col., 13. 

Gen., 60. 
Green Woods, 232. 
Greenbush, 224, 232, 241, 253, 260. 
Greenfield, 340, 342, 343. 
Green's Farms, 340, 344. 
Gridley, Capt., 35. 

Col., 35, 36, 40, 41, 43, 48, 49, 59, 

Isaiah, 260. 
Griffin, Capt., 33. 
Grigs, 306. 

Grinman, Samson, 258. 
Grinnel, 324, 329, 330, 331, 337. 

Capt, 316, 353, 354. 
Griswold, Gov., 118. 
Grog Harbour, 250. 
Guire, 342, 343, 345, 346. 

Stephen, 340. 
Gurdon, Ens. James, 155. 
Gwyn's Island, 178. 
Haddam, 182, 300, 301. 
Hadley, 132. 
Hadlyme, 113. 
Half-a-brook, 253. 
Half Moon, 139, 224, 241. 
Halis, 67. 
Hall, 329, 330. 

Ens., 64, 73. 

Lieut. Aseph, 258. 

Eliab. 180. 

Lieut. Noah. 74. 
Hallam. 65. qo. 
Hamer, Lieut., 156. 
Hamilton, Brig.-Gen., 236. 
Hampton, 334, 
Handcock, 146. 
Hanford. 343, 346. 



377 



Hanford, Joseph, 342. 

Hardy, 19, 23, 26, 27, 29, 44, 49, 54. 

Harlem, 189, 192, 193, 196, 198, 210, 

237- 
Harris, 260. 
Harrison, Lieut., 156. 

Jacob, 248. 
Harrison, 4, 93. 
Hart, Col., 194. 

Peleg, 291. 
Hartford, 113, 133, 136, 232, 241, 299. 

308, 330, 336, 358, 359. 
Harvard College, 38, 67. 
Harwinton, 308, 309, 336. 
Haskel (Harskel, Horskel), 81, 299. 
300, 303, 305, 311, 313, 315, 335. 

Capt., 304. 305, 310. 
Hawkins, Charles, 364. 
Hawley, 339, 340. 

Joseph, 258. 
Hay. Lieut. Alexander, 155. 
Hayden, Serg., 256. 

Uriah. 5. 
Hazen. Serg., 258. 
Heath, Col., 68, 253. 

Brig.-Gen., 57. 

Gen., 57, 189, 208. 
Heaton, Calvin, 220. 
Hebron, 136. 
Hellgate, 191, 192, 193. 
Henshaw. Col., 13. 
Herrick, 304. 305, 306, 310, 311, 313. 
315, 317. 318, 319. 323, 324, 325, 
327, 328, 330, 332, 333, 334, 337. 
347, 348, 356. 357, 359- 

Stephen. 299, 300, 310, 355. 
Hesketh. Capt. Thomas, 155. 
Hezekiah, 354. 

Hibbard, Adj. Thomas, 294. 
Higgins. Capt.. 182. 
Highlands. 178. 
Highlanders' Bonnet, 270, 271. 
Hill, 81. 

Jared, 220. * 
Hinman. Col., 72, 252. 

Benjamin. 259. 

Col. Benjamin. 253. 254. 255, 256. 
Hinsborough. 261. 
Hitchcock, 308. 

Col.. 57. 75. 

Jacob, 220. 
Hobby, Mai., 141. 
Hodere. Ens.. 250. 
Holden. \y, 22. 

Col.. 14. 
Holmes. Col., 85. 

Lieut, 184. 
48 



Honee, widow, 253. 
Hooker, Mehitable, 3. 
Hopkins, Daniel, 105. 

William, 105. 
Horseneck, 213, 218, 219, 305, 328. 
Hosmer, Corp. Elisha, 260. 

Prentice, 242, 248, 251. 

Simeon, 242, 251. 
Hough, Serg. Phinehas, 180. 
Howe, Gen., 200, 206, 217, 233. 

Lord, 177, 178, 180. 

Lord Viscount, 179. 

Sir William, 235. 
Howland's Ferry, 365. 
Hoyt, 314, 319, 320, 338, 351, 358. 

Capt, 310, 311, 315, 318, 328, 329, 

330, 332, 345, 346, 348, 350, 35i, 
353, 356, 358. 

Agur, 349. 
Amos. 315, 356. 
C, 357- 

Comfort, 303, 326, 352. 
Hoyt Hill, 315, 318, 319, 320, 321, 
323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 329, 330, 

331. 332. 337, 339. 343, 347, 353- 
Hubbard, 288, 292. 

Hubbel, 306, 328. 
Hudson River, 180. 
Huet, 62. 

Lieut., 63, 88. 
Hughes. Lieut. Charles, 155. 
Hunt. 19. 
Huntins, 319. 
Huntington, 185. 

Col.. 186. 
Hurd, Gen., i8r. 
Hurlburt, Levi, 255. 
Hutchison, Col., 14. 

Lieut-Col., 22. 
Hyde. Lieut., 19, 65. 
Inman. 14. 
Ireland. 179. 
Trish. Benjamin. 104. 
Tsham, Capt, 182. 
Isle Anon, 267, 277. 
Isle au Noix, 140, 141, 142, 144. 252. 

282. 
Isle Bellchore, 280. 
Isle of Mott, 139, 249, 274. 276. 279. 
Israel, 335. 
Ives, Abraham, 179. 

Stephen, 220. 
Tack, 260, 276. 
Jackson, 260. 335. 

Maj., 16, 19. 24. 
Jacobs, Maj.. 8r. 

Ezekiel, 220. 



378 



Jacobs, Solomon, 220. 

Jersey, 275, 276. 

Jesse, 335, 336, 361, 365, 366, 367, 

368. 
Jinnings, Joshua, 343. 
Jizzup, Dr., 342, 346. 
John, 335, 336, 338, 361, 362, 364, 365. 

366, 367, 368. 
Johonnott, Col., 51, 55. 

Maj., 26, 27. 
Johnson, 147. 

" Gy," 248. 
Johnston, 316. 

Benjamin, 317. 
Johnston, 119. 
Jonce, 241. 
Jones, Dea., 87. 

Lieut. -Col., 16. 
Joslen, 330. 

Jesse, 336, 360. 

John, 344, 361. 

Joseph, Jr., 297, 330, 361. 
Judd, 244. 
Keeck, Philip, 312. 
Keeney, Alexander, 89. 
Kegwin, Thomas, 104. 
Kellogg, Eldad, 260. 
Killingly, 181, 299, 313, 334, 359, 

360, 369. 
Kimball, 335. 

Lieut., 264. 

Jesse, 261. 

Com. Jesse, 294, 295, 296. 

Lieut. Jesse, 262. 
Kinner, Capt. Francis, 155. 
Kinder Hook (Canter Hook), 223. 

224, 232. 
King's Bridge, 180, 181, 189, 193, 

199, 200, 203, 209. 
King's Ferry, 211, 312. 
King's Street, 217, 328. 
Kingsbury, T39. 
Kingsbury, 241. 
Knap, 357. 

Dca, 324, 357. 

Timothy. 258. 
Kory, Josiah, 101. 
Kotton. Capt., 19. 
Keves, Lieut., 19. 
Labonee. Sineyer, 26?. 
La Corn. St. Luke, 166. 
Lake, 315. 

Lake Chamnlain, 202, 261, 
Lake Erie, 6. 

Lake Georefe, 130, 234, 267. 
Lake Monster, 252. 
T-amb, Capt., t6o, 161. 



Lamonte, Ellinci, 263. 

Lase's Camp, 291. 

Lashene, 264, 265, 266. 

Lasher, Col., 185. 

Latham, Ens., 64, 70, 81, 88, 90. 

Lieut., 63. 
Lathrop, 81. 

Capt. Daniel, 74. 
Latimer, Ens., 63, 64, 84. 
Lawrence, 260. 
Leammons (see Scammons). 
Learned (Lernod), 68. 

Col., 56, 72, 80. 
Leason, Capt., 19. 
Lebanon, 5, 287, 299. 
Lechmere's Point, 26, 27, 30, 36, 42. 

5i, 55, 58, 127. 
Ledyard, John, 260, 265. 
Lee, 62, 360. 

Capt., 277. 

Gen., 33, 58, 98, 128, 129, 133, 134, 
178. 203, 209, 220. 

Lieut., 63. 

Maj., 49. 54- 

Maj.-Gen., 50, 57. 

Maj. -Gen. Charles, 31. 
Lee, 62, 360. 
Leeds, Thomas, 63. 
Legger. John, 242, 245, 246, 247, 248. 
Leonard, John, 258. 
Le Point a Clare, 264. 
Leponess, Peter, 263. 
LePraire, 145, 146, 148, 162, 163, 165, 

168, 172, 266, 278. 
Lester, 13 r. 
Let, Ens., 65. 
Leues, Dr., 251. 
Levve, Joseph, 263. 
Leveete, Lieut. Francis, 261:. 
Lexington, 3, 123. 
Liberty. 146, 243, 269, 270, 274, 275. 

276. 279, 281. 283. 
Lieht House Island. 78. 
Lillington. 7. 

Col. Alexander, 6. 

George. 6. 
Lilly, Tohn. 178. 
Lincoln. Gen.. :?ot, 200. 215. 229. 
Litchfield. TT3. 223, 308, 309, 329, 

330. 336. 
Little (Littel), Col.. 25, 60, 68. 

Tesse. 315. 
LMnestrin. T43. t66, 241. 

Capt. John. 155. 
Lockwood, Joseph, 305, 316. 
London. 6. 
London's Ferry, 224, 



379 



Lonetown, 340. 

Long Island, 102, 184, 185, 186, 187, 

188, 190, 193, 217, 237, 356. 
Long Point, 97, 105. 
Longuiel, 146, 150, 171, 172, 261. 
Loomis, 241. 
Loudon, 132. 
Louis Phillippe, 6. 
Lovel, 199. 
Loyd, 323, 324, 328, 332, 333, 337, 

350, 358. 
Lyman, 98. 

Simeon, in. 
Lyme, 9, 113, 117, 118. 
Lyon, 217. 

Capt, 258. 

Joseph, 339. 

Josiah, 338. 
McCan (McCain), Daniel, 64, 89. 
McCarty, 256. 
McCleugh, 156. 
McCoy, Capt. English, 156. 
McDaniel, James, 71. 
McDonald, Lieut. Danold, 155. 
McDougal, Col., 184, 250, 258, 259. 

Gen., 200, 209. 

Lieut, 258. 
McFaist, Alexander, 258. 
McGregor, Lieut, 65. 

Lieut. Joh#, 74. 
McLean, 324, 330. 

John, 303, 327, 332, 333. 

Pol., 333- 
McLoraw, Serg., 278, 279. 
McNeel, 241. 

Macpherson, Aidecamp John, 259. 
Maicoe, Daniel, 341. 
Maiden, 32, 58. 
Mallate, 264. 
Mand, no. 
Mansfield, 336. 

Col., 15, 18, 22. 25, 56. 
Marlborough (Morlbury), 131. 
Maroneck, 217, 219. 
Marss, Patrick, 257. 
Marsdon, 17, 21, 24. 
Marsh, John, 334, 335. 360. 
Martin, Col., 186. 
Marven, 305, 306, 338. 

Mathew, 304, 337. 
Maryland, 181. 

Massachusetts. 36, 43, 45, 52, 56. 57, 
73, 77, 179, 180, 181, 199, 209. 
210. 233, 234, 235. 
Mead. Capt., 141, 149. 
Medford, 28, 58. 
Medcalf, 247, 248, 249. 



Medcalf's Creek, 249. 
Medway, 29. 
Meek, Josiah, 258. 
Mekenster, 241. 
Melally, Lieut., 5. 
Melvill, 70. 
Mendham, 103. 
Menotomy (see Notomy). 
Mercer, Gen., 187. 
Meriden, 333. 
Merril, Capt, 319, 338. 

Dr. Hezekiah, 241. 

Titus, 260. 
Mesesque Bay, 249. 
Mesesque Creek, 247. 
Messinger, Uriah, 258. 
Middlesex, 304, 305, 328, 337. 
Middletown, 113, 221, 223, 237, 301, 

334. 
Mifflin, Gen., 189. 

Aidecamp Thomas, 31. 
Mighels, Thomas, 335. 
Mildes Bridge, 365. 
Miller, 253. 

Maj., 13. 
Mills, 223. 

Lieut. John, 260. 
Miner, 261. 
Minnar, 247, 248, 261. 

Capt., 244, 245. 
Minneere, 252. 
Minns, William, 78. 
Mirey Brook, 321, 325. 
Mistic, 122, 123. 
Mitchell, Maj., 80. 
Mofit, Caleb, 312. 
Mohawk River, 248. 
Montague, 16, 18, 23. 
Montressor's Island, 192, 193, 198. 
Montgomery, 136. 

Gen., 150, 151, 165, 166, 172, 259. 
Montreal, 136, 146, 147, 148, 153, 159, 
161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 168, 
172, 226, 244, 261, 265, 266, 267. 
Moodus, 300. 
Moore, 260, 285. 

Ebenezer, 343. 
Moore's Creek, 6. 
Morgan, 62, 97, 324, 332, 353. 

Capt, 305, 316, 317, 318, 319, 327, 
334, 340, 35o, 352. 

Col., 231. 

Ens., 63. 64. 

Ens. Nathaniel, 99. 
Morris, 353. 

Sam., 323. 
Morrison, 319. 



38o 



Morrison, William, 169. 
Morrissania, 197. 
Morton Peris, 77. 
Moses, 302. 
Alotiye, Francie, 263. 
Mott, 314. 

Capt., 101, 150, 257, 259. 

Corp. Adam, 257. 
Mould, Hugh, 3. 
Moulton, Lieut.-Col., 17. 

Lieut. William, 260. 
M ount Tom, 308, 309, 329. 
Mowry, Col., 369. 

Judge, 361, 363, 365, 369. 

Mrs., 364. 

Job, 363. 

Jude, 360. 

William, 321, 338, 359, 369. 
Mun, John, 302. 
Mungor, Jerael, 360. 
Munkton, 261. 
Munson, 305. 

Ebenezer, 303. 
Munyan, Joseph, 334, 335. 
Murdock, 218. 

Frances, 6. 

Rev. Jonathan, 6. 
Murfee, Dr. Morrison, 359. 
Murray, 35. 

Clark, 257. 

Joseph, 263, 360. 
Murrayfield, 132. 
Mystic, 122, 123. 

Narrows, 179, 180, 181, 182, 184, 185. 
Nelson, 260, 261. 
Nevins, 73, 82. 

Ens., 84. 
New Brunswick, 212. 
New City, 253. 

New England, 5, 150, 162, 177. 
New Glasgow, 132. 
New Hampshire, 38, 50, 52, 56, 59. 
New Hartford, 241, 260. 
New Haven, 213, 219, 261, 355. 
New Haven, 270, 275, 276. 
New Jersey, 181, 186, 200, 210, 211, 

212, 217, 219. 
New London, 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 98, 101, 
104, 113, 115, 116, 117, 119, 133. 
New Marlborough, 132. 
New Milford, 308, 309, 310, 329, 330, 

336. 
New Rochel, 201, 213, 217. 
New York, 5, 6, 7, 136, 140, T50, 159 
160, 162, 172, 175, 179, 180, 185. 
186, 187, 189, 197, 198, 204. 207. 
217, 235, 237, 257, 259, 286, 287 
305, 3». 



New York, 279, 280. 
Newall, Capt, 19. 
Newbury, 329. 
Newfields, 223. 
Newman, Samuel, 316. 
Newmarch, Capt. Timothy, 155. 
Newport, 217, 366. 
Newton (New Town), 186, 192, 193, 
194, 303, 313, 326, 331, 332, 333, 
35i, 359- 
Nichols, 338. 

Ens., 259. 
Nixon, Col., 14, 15, 17, 22, 25, 33, 35, 
45, 56, 59, 62, 71. 

Gen., 209. 

Lieut.-Col., 21, 24. 

Col. John, 51, 52. 
Nobletown, 223, 232, 241, 253, 260. 
Norfolk, 260, 340. 
North Carolina, 6, 7. 
North Casteel, 328. 
North Fairfield, 340. 
North Haven, 136, 219, 220. 
North Providence, 369. 
North River, 179, 180, 181, 182, 198, 
199, 201, 208, 210, 214, 237, 310, 
312, 313, 330, 349. 
Northam, Capt., 320. 
Northampton, 132. 
Northbury, 131. 
Xorthington, 251. 
Norton, Capt., 66. 
Notomy, 123, 125, 126. 
Norwalk, 304, 306, 328, 337, 338, 340 

341, 343- 
Norwich, 4. 119, 316, 334. 
Norwich Landing, 119. 
Nouland, Moses, 314. 
Oarly, David, 344. 
Oblong, 314, 338. 
Olcott, 350. 

Oliver, Lieut. -Gov., 66. 
Oliver Cromwell, 5. 
Olmstead, 300. 
Onion River, 250. 251, 26T. 
Only, Henrite, 363. 
Osborn. 347. 355. 
Osgood, 14. 

Samuel. 54. 

Mai. Samuel, 15, 16. 
Otis, 132. 

Otter Creek. 26T. 268, 27T. 
Palfrey. Capt. William, 50. 
Palmer, 73. 

Beniamin, 257. 
Park. Lieut.-Col., 18. 
Parker, 322. 

Capt., 59, 88, 3*4- 



3«i 



Parker, Lieut.-Col., 16. 

Capt. Oliver, 79. 
Parmele-y, Lieut., 248. 
Parrish, John, 299. 
Parsons (Persons), 250, 319. 

Col., 56, 62,-68, 70, 72, 84, 88, 259. 

Gen., 187, 207, 208, 209, 219. 

Col. Samuel Holden, 4, 9. 
Pason, 247. 
Patten (see also Pattors), William, 

39, 43- 
Patterson (Pattison), Col., 16, 48, 
57, 58, 147, 288. 

William, 257. 
Pattors, William, 34, 35. 
Paul's Bay, 271. 
Pautucket, 119, 365, 369. 
Payn, 269. 

Peacock, Lieut. George, 155. 
Pearse, 360. 
Pease, 132. 

William, 248. 
Peck, 327. 

Dr., 321. 
Peekskill, 178, 208, 209, 303, 307, 310, 
311, 312, 314, 320, 322, 323, 328. 

329, 332. 

Pelett, P., 262. 
Pen Brook, 322. 
Perkins, 73. 

Capt., 71. 
Perrv, Com. O. H., 6. 

William, 258. 
Phelps, Hezekiah, 258. 
Philadelphia, 178. 
Philadelphia, 269, 270, 275, 276. 
Phillips, 113, 209, 215, 308, 309. 

Maj.-Gen., 236. 
Phillips, Presink, 314. 
Phillipsburg, 201. 
Phinnie, Col., 57, 68. 
Phoenix, 183. 
Pierpont, Thomas, 220. 
Pine Bluff, Ark., 6. 
Pine Swamp, 334. 
Pitkin, Col., 73, 74. 
Pittsfield. 242. 
Plainfield, 119. 
Plat, 98, 109. 

Ens.. 72, 90, 120. 
Plowed Hill, 130, 131. 
Plummer, John, 361. 
Point Afair, 278. 
Point Pleasant, 139. 
Polle, Drum Maj., 97, 108. 
Poller, George, 105. 
Polock, 334. 



Pomfret, 299, 336, 359. 
Pompilly, G., 121. 
Poor, Col, 56, 288. 

Maj., 16, 18, 22, 30, 53. 
Pope, Lieut., 74. 
Porter, 113, 288. 

Col., 13. 

Lieut., 19. 

Serg., 115. 

Maj., 194. 

John, 344. 
Portsmouth, 369. 
Potter, 247, 249. 
Pound Ridge, 305, 316. 
Powderhorn Hill, 46. 
Powel, 261. 

Powlis Hook, 197, 200. 
Prentiss (Prentice), Maj., 70, 78, 84. 

Capt. John, 5. 

Sarah, 5. 
Prescott, 24. 

Col., 19, 26, 27, 28, 44, 51, 57, 59, 
66, 79. 

Gen., 166. 

Lieut.-Col., 16. 

Lieut.-Col. James, 71. 

Col. William, 24, 43, 44. 
Preston, Maj. Charles, 152, 154, 155. 
Primmer, Capt., 279, 281. 
Prospect Hill, 25, 32, 38, 41, 57, 60 

125, 130. 
Providence, 4, 97, 106, 119, 179, 180, 

360, 363, 369. 
Providence, 267, 270, 275, 276, 281. 
Pudding Point, 46. 
Putnam, 15, 18, 23. 

Col., 74. 

Gen., 20, 22, 23, 35, 52, 57, 66, 71, 
91, 130, 189. 

Lieut.-Col., 85. 

Maj., 16, 18. 

Maj.-Gen., 56, 57. 

Israel, 26. 

Capt. Israel, 56. 

Maj.-Gen. Israel, 31. 
Putnam Point, 285. 
Quebec, 136, 226. 
Quechetes, Jacob, 248. 
Rand, Dr., 33. 
Ransley, Col., 260. 
Raumog (Rawmoge), 308, 329. 
Ray, Levi, 220. 
Raymond, 90. 

Lieut., 64, 68, 00. 

Maj., 13. 

Seth, 276. 
Read's Creek, 67. 



382 



Red Hook, 187, 188, 189. 
Redding, 304, > t 329, 338, 339, 340, 
341, 342, 344, 345, 346, 348, 35 i, 
352, 354, 356. 
Reed (Read), »i, 250. 

Col., 56, 72, 73, 85, 288. 

Isaac, 347. 

Col. James, 56. 

Joseph, 31. 
Rehoboth, 365. 

Revenge, 270, 271, 274, 275, 276, 281. 
Rhode Island, 57, 79, 98, 117, 365, 
' 366, 369. 
Richardson, Lieut. William, 155. 
Ridgebury, 307, 308, 312, 314, 315. 
Ridgefield, 303, 305, 316, 325, 327, 

339, 357- 
Riedestel, Maj.-Gen., 236. 
Riley, Lieut., 288. 
Ripley, 263. 

Rev. Hezekiah, 341. 
River Jordan, 332. 
River Lakale, 282. 
Robertson (Roberson), 261. 

Col., 19, 52. 

Lieut.-Col, 14, 16, 26, 28, 61. 
Robey, Lieut. William, 260. 
Robins, Benoni, 102, 104. 

Cotes, 335. 
Robinson, 314. 

John, 299, 303, 305. 

Moses, 299, 300, 310, 327. 
Rockwell, 232. 

Benjamin, 347, 351. 
Rocky Hill, 113. 
Roe, David, 353. 
Rogers, 202, 216, 311. 

Maj., 197. 
Rope Ferry, 98, 115, 118. 
Rose, 116. 
Rositer, 70. 

Lieut., 72, 81, 83. 
Rough, 307, 310. 
Rowley, Timothy, 255. 
Roxbury, 4, 30, 41, 42, 51, 56, 57, 61, 
62, 65, 67, 68, 70, 72, 73, 74, 75, 
77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 83, 84, 85, 86, 
88, 90, 99, 105, 107, 108, 120, 130. 
Royal Savage, 156, 268, 269, 271, 275 

276, 282. 
Rue, Capt, 269. 
Russel, Mary, 335, 336. 
Rust, 359. 
Rye, 213, 217. 
Sabbath Day Point, 260. 
Sage, Col., 181, 185, 188. 



St. Ann's, 264, 265, 266, 293, 294, 

295- 
St. Antony's Bay, 280. 
St. John's, 136, 137, 139, 140, 141, 
142, 144, 145, 146, 148, 150, 151, 
152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 159, 
162, 163, 165, 168, 169, 171, 172, 
244, 246, 250, 252, 261, 266, 267, 
274, 277, 278, 280, 287. 
St. Lawrence River, 147, 163. 
St. Lucia, 6. 

St. Paul's Island, 163, 165. 
Salem, 3, 307, 312, 313, 320. 
Salisbury, 132. 
Saltonstall, Gen., 209. 

Gov., 3. 
Samuel, 313, 315. 
Sanders, 76. 
Sandisfield, 132. 
Sandy Hook, 181. 
Sanford, 199, 340, 348. 

Hezekiah, 338, 340, 347, 350. 352. 

Joseph, 304. 
Saratoga, 227, 229, 231, 232, 241, 260. 
Sargent (Sergent), 209. 

Col, 38, 57- 

Lieut. Lemuel, 260. 
Savage, 270, 282. 
Saw Pits, 207. 
Sawyer, Maj., 13. 
Saybrook, 5. 
Scammon (Seaman), Capt, 268, 273. 

Col, 17, 21, 24, 25, 45, 52, 53, 57, 
59- 
Scattacook, 228. 

Schiler's Island, 273, 274, 281, 284. 
Schoduck, 241, 253. 
Schuyler, 136. 

Gen, 139, 229. 

Maj.-Gen. Philip, 31. 
Schuyler, 146. 
Scituatc, 119. 
Scotch Bonnet, 268. 
Scott, 260. 

Capt, 38. 

John, 34, 35. 

Timothy, 257. 
Scougel, " Jemmy," 355. 
Seabury, Bishop, 6. 
Seaman (see Scammon). 
Sedgwick, Capt.-, 179, 250, 253, 254, 
255, 256, 257, 258, 259. 

Maj., 290, 291. 

Benjamin, 241. 

Rbenezer, 260. 

Capt. John, 241. 



383 



Selden, Col., 179, 182, 194. 

Sewel's Point, 41, 58. 

Seyley, John, 257. 

Seymour, John, 35. 

Sha, Timothy, 105. 

Shailer, Ens., 211. 

Shannon, 260, 261. 

Sharon, III. 

Sharp, Gy, 253. 

Shaw, 116. 

Shed, Thomas, 89. 

Sheffield, 132, 223, 232, 241, 260. 

Shelden, 260. 

Shelter Rock, 319, 324, 332, 357 

Shepard, Col., 79. 

Lieut, 74. 

Amos, 260, 269. 
Sherbonoo, " Jno," 263. 
Sherlon, Peter, 242, 244. 
Sherman, 208. 

David, 333. 
Shirley's Point, 46. 
Shrewsbury. 131. 
Shuttleworth, Lieut., 156. 
Sill, Capt, 64, 70, 83, 84. 
Silliman, 185. 

Col., 182, 189, 207. 
Simmons, Capt. 267, 268, 269, 272 
273, 274, 276, 277. 

Col., 292. 
Simsbury, 232, 253, 308, 328. 
Skeen, Gov., 199. 
Skeensborough, 139, 291. 
Skinner. Lieut.. 74. 
Slate's Ferry, 365. 
Smith, 335. 

Dr., 223. 

Benajah. 258. 

Clark. 258. 

L, 363. 

John. 220. 

Capt. Martin, 241. 

Sam.. 342. 

William. 334. 
Smithfield, 315. 335, 336, 360, 36r. 

360. 
Sorrell River. T45, 146, 158, 166, 245. 

26 T. 267. 
South Killinelv. 207. 299. 
Southampton. T32. 
Southburv. 302. 
Southington. 371. 350. 
Soeight. Pn<r.-Gen.. 2*6. 
Spacer. Britr.-Gen.. «?6. 

Gen., 56 72. 73, 00. 180, tot, 201. 
205. ->o8. 200. 

Gen. Nathaniel, tot. 



Spencer, 131. 
Sperry, 302. 

Joseph, 220. 
Spicer, 81. 

Capt., 64, 70, 83. 
Spiror, Capt., 97, 103. 
Spitfire, 270, 271, 272, 275, 276. 
Split Rock, 243, 269, 271, 273. 
Sprague, Joseph, 365. 
Spring, 132. 
Springer, 315. 
Squantom, 86. 
Stacy, Maj., 17, 19, 23. 
Stamford, 303, 304, 305, 328. 337 
Stanley, David, 313. 
Stanton, Capt., 179. 
Stark, Col., 56, 288. 
Starr, 310, 324, 357. 

Capt., 258, 259, 359- 

Jonathan, 340. 

Levi. 322. 

William, 258. 
Staten Island, 179, 180, 181. 20c. 
Steele, Allen, 242, 251. 

Eliphas. 260. 

Moses, 242, 248. 

Samuel, 260. 
Steer, 361. 
Sterling, 4. 

Stern, Lieut-Col., 19. 
Stevens, Capt.. 276. 

Capt. John, 259, 261. 

Oliver, 183. 
Stewart. Capt. Francis, 155. 

Phinehas, 105. 
Stiles. Capt.. 38, 282. 
Stillwater, 139, 224, 241, 253, 2fx 
Stirling. 208. 

Gen. Lord, 199, 201. 

Lord. 186. 202. 208. 
Stodard. Adj.. Luther. 257. 
Stonin^ton, 97. 105. 116, 1:7. 
Stonv Hill. 317. 358. 
^topford. Mai.. 156. 
^'ores. Lieut-Col., 25. 
Storv. Ens. Solomon. 257. 
^tout. 26t. 
Strone, Col.. 287. 

Capt. Tohn, T55. 
^'nart. Capt.. 250. 
Stnrpe, David, 342. 

Seth. 34.-?. 
^urcpss. 277. 
^ndburv. Ml. 
^ufReld, to-? 
Sti'Hvatl. "Rrif.-Gen.. 56. 

Gen.. 08. T28, 186", 209. 



3^4 



Sumner, Capt., 273, 275, 276. 

Swansey, 365. 

Sweet, 361. 

Swogoche, 266. 

Tart, Silas, 360. 

Talcott, Col. Matthew, 237. 

Taylor, 331, 348, 357. 

Capt, 317, 318, 325, 326, 349, 350, 
354, 359- 

Maj., 354, 355. 

David, 317, 318, 333. 

Capt. David, 303. 

Jane, 349, 355. 

Samuel, 341, 342. 
Terry, James, 219. 
Thacher, Capt, 283. 
Thames River, 6. 
The Fly, 139. 

The Jump, 342, 344, 345, 346. 
Thield, 312. 

Capt., 320. 
Thomas, Brig.-Gen., 56. 

Gen., 56, 62, 68, 72, 79. 

Ens. Robert, 155. 
Thompson, Col., 194. 

Lieut. Edward, 155. 

Samuel, 104. 
Thorp, Jacob, 220. 

Joel, 220. 

Moses, 220. 

Samuel, 352. 
Three Mile Point, 286. 
Throop, Capt, 291. 
Tibbels, 314. 

Ticonderoga, 139, 140, 144, 149, 151, 
225, 230, 231, 236, 242, 248, 250, 
251, 253, 258, 259, 260, 261, 267. 
269, 273, 276, 278, 279, 283, 285. 
288. 
Tiffany, 278, 279. 
Titus, 313. 
Tivytown, 365. 
Toaley, Andrew, 65. 
Tockconnuck Mountain, 253. 
Todd, Ebenezer, 220. 

Enos, 220. 

Gideon, 220. 

Jesse, 220. 

Yale, 220. 
Tommo, 249. 
Torrinyton, 113. 
Town Hill, 132. 
Trace, Capt., 326. 
Trask, Capt.. 366. 
Treat. Serg. Oliver, 183. 
Tripe. Mrs.. 365. 
Trowbridge. 356. 
Trumbull, Gov., 5, 207. 



Trumbull, Benjamin, 136, 137, 157, 
1 ^9, 173, I7S, 219, 220. 

John, 67. 

Joseph, 19. 

Commis, Gen. Joseph, 74. 
Trumbull, 282. 
Tubbs, Ananius, 280. 
Tudor, William, 72. 
Tufts, Nathaniel, 55. 
Tupper, Maj., 76, 78, 85. 
Turner, 292. 

Dr., 322. 
Turtle Bay, 189, 237. 
Tuttle, Abel, 220. 

Caleb, 220. 

Clement, 220. 

Jared, 220. 

Jonathan, 220. 

Lemuel, 220. 

Reuben, 220. 

Solomon, 220. 

William, 220. 
Tyler, 45, 51, 54, 185. 

Lieut-Col., 63. » 

Daniel, 20, 22, 23. 
Tyringham, 132. 
Umpawog, 339, 350. 
Vandoborough, Col., 338. 
Varnal, John, 241. 
Varnum, Col., 57, 79. 
Venbury, 241. 
Voluntown, 119. 
Wade, Ens., 70, 81, 84, 88. 
Wadsworth, Brigadier, 179, 308. 

Capt, 319. 

Col., 183, 308. 

Gen., 201, 202, 204, 208, 209, 212. 
Wait, 8t. 
Wakeman, 325, 353. 

Capt. 352. 
Waldo, Samuel, 6. 
Walker, Col., 56, 72, 80, 82, 86, 88. 
Walles, 106. 

Capt., 97- 105. 
Wallingford, 179, 180, 301. 
Walpole. 119. 
Waltham. 131. 
Ward, 269. 

Col.. 48. 90. 162. 163, 164. 

Gen., 40. 56, 58, 68, 72, 73, 81, 85, 
103. 

Lieut -Col., 44. 

Mai. -Gen., 54. 56. 

Maj. -Gen. Artemus, 31. 

J.. 20. 

Toseph, 54. 
Ware, 132. 
Warner, 16, 345. 



385 



Warner, Capt., 282. 

Col., 146, 171. 

Maj., 171. 

jessc, 314. 
Warren, Maj., 324. 

James, 77. 
Warwick Neck, 369. 
Washington, Gen. George, 4, 30, 34, 
36, 37, 69, 93, 95, 101, 177, 178, 
199, 202, 205, 208, 210, 211, 219, 
226, 310. 
Washington, 283. 

Waterbury, Col., 139, 140, 143, 159, 
164, 169, 259. 

Gen., 202, 283. 
Waterbury, 302, 333, 355, 359. 
Waterhouse, Lieut., 64, 73. 
Waterman, 33. 

Lieut, 19. 
Watertown, 33, 40, 76, 131. 
Watson, Capt., 145, 252, 288, 291. 
Wayn, 293. 
Webb, Lieut., 19. 

Lieut. Samuel, 56. 

Col. Samuel B., 328, 354. 
Webster, 77. 

Abraham, 260. 
Wells, Capt., 73. 

Ens., 294. 

Bayze, 239, 241. 

Ens. Bayze, 259, 260. 

Serg. Bayze, 257. 258. 

David, 34, 35, 43. 

John, Jr., 253. 

Capt. Levi, 74. 

Noah, 253. 

Serg. Paul, 281. 
Wenscout, 362. 
West, Gen., 366. 
West Britain, 223. 
Westchester, 199, 200, 216, 334. 
West Hartford, 179. 241, 251. 259. 
Western, 131. 
Wethersfield, 349. 
Weymouth, 102. 
Whitcomb, Col.. 57. 

Lieut.. 278. 
White (Whight), 253. 

John, 33. 
White House, 253, 261. 274 
White Plains, 202. 203. 206, 287. 320, 

327. 
Whitehall, 139. 
White«to r, e. 192. 
Whiting. Capt., 91. 

Col.. 2t6. 217. 

Lieut-Col., 16. 

Benjamin, 67. 71. 

49 



Whitney, Capt., 241. 

Serg., 280. 
Wigglesworth, Com., 277. 
Wilder, 299, 310, 315. 

Aaron, 358. 

Moses, 299, 303, 334. 
Willcocks, Isaac, 319. 
Willet, Capt., 150. 
Williams, 90, 125, 213, 214, 215, 216, 

354- 

Capt., 151, 155. 

Lieut., 64, 70, 90. 

Andrew, 357. 

Elijah, 334. 

Jacob, 258. 

Jacob, Jr., 258. 

" Peecke," 249. 
Willington, Lieut. Edward, 155. 
Wilmington, 7. 
Wilson, 299. 

Wilton, 304, 306, 328, 337, 338. 
Windham, 299. 
Windsor, 183. 
Winslow, William, 71. 
Winter Hill, 38, 41, 56. 

Abner, 339. 
Winter Hill, 38, 41, 56. 
Wisenfelt, Capt., 258. 
Wolcott, Gen. Roger, 5. 
Wolf, 315, 327, 329, 330, 332, 338, 

353- 
Wood (Woods), 22. 

Dr., 347, 355- 

Maj., 14, 17, 18, 27, 29, 44, 45, 52, 
55, 61. 

Luis, 66. 
Woodbridge, Col., 15, 18, 23, 57. 
Woodbury, 302, 313. 333, 350, 359. 
Woodruff, Serg., 248. 
Wooster, Gen., 136, 150, 159, 161, 
163, 164, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 
261. 
Woodward, 241. 

P. H., 3. 
Worcester, 71, 76, 131. 
Wrentham, 119. 
Wright, 251. 
Wyllys, 260, 261. 

Brig.-Maj., 194. 

Col., 185. 
Wyne. Col., 290. 
Wynkoop, Com., 269. 
Yale College, 3, 6, 136. 
Yankee, 156. 

Yarington, Daniel. 248, 258. 
Yellow House, 303. 
York, 276. 
Young. Capt., 266. 




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