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Full text of "Original acrostics on all the states and presidents of the United States, and various other subjects, religious, political, and personal ; illustrated with portraits of all the presidents, and engravings of various other kinds"

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^portraits of all tin |Jr£sii»inis, ana (Engrabiwjs cf barious oiljcr Jlinas. 




Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1S61, by 


In the Office of the Clerk of the District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee. 




Adams, John 17 

Adams, John Quincy 25 

Alabama 85 

Almighty God 165 

Arkansas 97 

Atlanta 195 

Augusta 205 

Barton, H. C 153 

Barlow, Rev. A. D 163 

Bell, John 160 

Bell, William 194 

Bevely 220 

Bible 207 

Blackwell, Robert ix 

Blackwell, John L 209 

Blackwell, Mary T 168 

Blackey, Dr. T. C 152 

Bonaparte, Napoleon 135 

Boswell, Dr. L. A 150 

Bosworth, John F 159 

Brandy 176 

Brown, John 224 

Buchanan, James 43 

California 93 

Calhoun, John C 132 

Canton 216 

Cars 158 

Cheek, Dr. W. A 154 

Childs, S. R 174 

Clay, Honorable Henry 130 

Clark & Gregory's Ambrosial Oil.... 212 

Collins, Mattie L 214 

Cole, Dr. Isaac N 151 

Cole, Dr. J. L 153 

Columbus, Christopher 134 

Comet 148 

Connecticut 61 

jrove, Charles 223 


Dakota 122 

Davis, Samuel 221 

Dean, Elizabeth 169 

Death 170 

Delaware 69 

Washington City 73 

Douglas, S. A 156 

Edward 178 

Everett, Edward 161 

Fayetteville 142 

Fillmore, Millard 39 

Florida 83 

Flowers, William R 220 

Flowers, Sarah E 193 

Flowers, Amelia B 199 

Fox, Maggie C 215 

Georgia 81 

Harrison, William H 31 

Harton, Thomas 164 

Henry, Patrick 12 

Holly Springs 218 

Hope 215 

Howard, Ann 186 

Hume, Mister 173 

Illinois 107 

Indiana 105 

Invocation x 

Iowa 113 

Jackson, General Andrew 27 

James, William A 214 

Jefferson, Thomas 19 

Jesus 192 

John 183 





Kansas 119 

Kentucky 101 

Lafayette, Marquis de 128 

Lawson, Honored Hugh A 136 

Leflore, Fannie 187 

Liajht 148 

Lilly, Colin J 191 

Lincoln, Abe 45 

Louisiana 89 

Lucket, Oliver A 155 

Madison, James 21 

Maine 51 

Malone, Bettie T 221 

Martha 175. 

Marriage.... 180 

Mary 174 

Mary T. S 179 

Maryland 71 

Massachusetts 57 

Memphis, Tennessee 141 

Michigan 109 

Minnesota 115 

Mississippi 87 

Missouri 99 

Monroe, James 23 

Moon 147 

Moon, William V 173 

Moon, Sarah P 185 

Murfreesboro' ...:.... 196 

My mother, Elizabeth P. Blackwell. 166 

McCroskey, L. E 188 

McCrosky, H. A 212 

Nashville 206 

Nebraska 124 

News 184 

New Hampshire 53 

New Jersey 65 

New Mexico 123 

New Orleans 143 

New York 63 

North Carolina-., 77 

Ohio 103 

Oregon 117 

On the Ladies of Springfield, Mo.... 138 

On Lancaster Citv, Pennsylvania... 144 

On My Wife, Mary T. Biaekwell.... 107 

Parrott, William A 175 

Pennsylvania 07 

Phelps, Honored John S 133 

Pierce, Franklin 40 

Pool, Sarah Gregory Petty 171 

Pool, Eoberta A. P 183 

Pool, Edmund F. P 218 

Polk, James K 35 

Presidents 13 

Price, William C 178 

Prince, Mistress Martha 189 


Eevelries 177 

Eeves, Nancy 188 

Reves, John A 157 

Ehode Island 59 

Rogers, Spencer C 216 

Rum 176 

Ruth 204 

Scott, Winfield 129 

Secession 213 

Shellie, Isaac 194 

Smith, Frank M 179 

Smith, Mary 187 

Smith, Fannv 190 

Snell, Levere'ttM 200 

South Carolina 79 

Springfield, Mo 139 

Stansburv, William F 149 

Statham," Sarah S 184 

Stars 147 

Sun 147 

Tavlor, Zachary 37 

Tea 203 

Tennessee 95 

Texas 91 

The Atlantic Cable 1SI 

The Black Republican Politicians... 222 

The Chase 211 

The Ladies of Nashville 203 

The Ladies of Jackson 137 

The Ladies of Canton 140 

The Ladies at the Chalybeate Acid 

Spring 146 

The Steam Press 202 

The Thirty-fifth Parallel 197 

The Two Oddities 210 

The United States 49 

Thompson, Malissa 1^2 

Thompson, Stephen 217 

Thomas, Emma 201 

Titsworth. Sarah Ann 198 

Trotter, Adaline 172 

Tyler, John 33 

Utah 121 

Van Buren, Martin 29 

Van Vacter, Owen 162 

Vermont 55" 

Virginia 75 

Washington, George 15 

Washington Territory 119 

Wateon, W. T 211 

Webster, Honorable Daniel 181 

West John M 154 

Whisky 177 

Wisconsin HI 

Yazoo City 145 





^aftfrs, Jlwfimtttte, ?!r. 


Advantage of Abstinence 203 

Angler and the Little Fish 124 

Ant and the Grasshopper 67 

Ass and the Little Pug 79 

A Man Bit bv a Log..". 118 

A Noble Boy 23 

A Noble Reply 57 

A Soft Answer turneth away Wrath. 145 
A Woman's Promise 205 

Bear and the Bee-hives 81 

Beauty 199 

Benevolence Ill 

Blowing the Bellows 155 

Boys and the Frogs 122 

Brotherly Love 143 

Brother and Sister 157 

Books 207 

Bull and the Goat 95 

Castillo 135 

Cat and the Mice 89 

Cicero 25 

Covetous Man 93 

Crow and the Pitcher 123 

Death and Cupid 97 

Diogenes exposing Pride 43 

Dog and the Shadow 51 

Dumoulin and the Spider's Web.... 109 

Eagle and the Fox 45 

Eagle, Cat. and the Sow 101 

Edward Colston, the Bristol Mer- 
chant 163 

Fame 122 

Fame 156 

Falconer and the Partridge 130 

Fighting Cocks 85 

Filial Regard 136 

Fir Tree and the Bramble 69 

Fox in the Well 105 

Fox and the Crow 115 

Fox and the Goat 29 

Frogs desiring a King 103 

George III and the Peerage 73 

Goat and the Lion 107 

Grief. 169 

Gustavus Vasa 149 


Hart and the Vine 63 

Hen and the Swallow 85 

Hope 198 

Horse and the Loaded Ass 158 

Horse's Petition 150 

How to enervate a People 109 

How to Win .• 180 

How to avoid Calumny 201 

How to be Loved 204 

Husbandman and his Sons 91 

Jackdaw and the Pigeons 119 

John Adams and his Latin 17 

Knocking away the Props 35 

Lion and the Mouse Ill 

Lord Tenderden 27 

Losing but Liberal 139 

Love 164 

Love 195 

Luther Martin and the Young Law- 
yer 117 

Man and his Goose 53 

Mercury and the Woodman 219 

Merit superior to Birth 21 

Merlin and the Hen 23 

Mohammed saved by a Spider 57 

Mole and her Dam 75 

Mule, The 99 

Nobility of Birth 33 

Old Hound and the Huntsman 59 

Ornamented Bow, The 41 

Patriotism 191 

Peter the Great 31 

Porcupine and the Snakes 87 

Praise 190 

Proud Frog 77 

Reason for Singularity 128 

Religion 192 

Rev. Richard Cecil 164 

Sick Kite 43 

Slanderer's Fall 200 

Sympathy 186 

The Bees, the Drones, and the Wasp. 170 
The Philosopher Outdone 21 




The Travelers 83 

The Two Rivers 37 

The Wind, the Sun, and the Traveler. 1 59 

Tunny and the Dolphin 61 

Vain Jackdaw 55 

Virtue 185 


Washington's Filial Piety 15 

Jefferson Davis 219 

What Perseverance will Accomplish. 121 

Wisdom Learned from Nature 19 

Wolves and the Sheep 65 

Wolf and the Lamb 113 

Wood and the Clown 71 

SWCHYMING is my occupation; 
On I will my course pursue, 
By this I rise to observation, 
Expecting pay for what I do, 
Regarding men of higher station, 
They read my book, and pay me too. 

Burlesque me not, ye wise and knowing, 

Let me work and make my rhymes, 

All I ask is half a showing, 

Come, gentlemen, hand o'er your dimes; 

Keep them not in pockets tight, 

"When I work I want my pay — 

Encourage worth with talents bright — 

Little critics, clear the way; 

Learn to spell before you write. 



H$)t RANT me one favor, I ask no more, 
Examine all my writings o'er; 
Not forgetting all the time 
'Tis hard to make a name to rhyme. 
Let those who think they can compose 
Excellent verse as well as prose, 
Make one effort to be wise, 
Ere they scoff and criticise 
Numerous works they would revise. 



2PEINCES ruled by right of birth 
Regions fair o'er all the earth; 
Ere the standard of the brave, 
Striped and starred, aloft did wave, 
In the strife that made us free, 
Drove our foes beyond the sea. 
Ever since those grand events, 
Nations see our Presidents 
Taken from the great and wise, 
Set, our statesmen to advise. 




$wrgr Ifeslmgtoa. 



[gust JJrMibent of % It". ^.] 

Born in Virginia, February 22, 1739. President from 1789 to 1797 — eight years. 
Died December 1, 1799. 

allO, read the history of the earth, 
Each book, and try to find 
One man so loved for sterling worth 
Respected, more refined — 
Greater and of a better birth, 
Endeared more to mankind. 

We read, that ere to fight he went, 
All brave of heart to do and dare, 
Some one beheld our hero bent, 
His God to seek in humble prayer. 
In that behold his faith in God — 
Not in the prowess of his sword. 
Great chieftain, gift of Heaven above, 
There never was a man 
On earth deserved more praise or love, 
Not e'en since time bescan. 

Ploral lesson. — SSasljhxgton's (filial ^wtg. 

Geokge Washington, when young, was about to go to sea as a midshipman ; 
everything was arranged; the vessel lay opposite his lather's house; the little boat 
had come on shore to take him off, and his whole heart was bent on going. After 
his trunk had been carried down to the boat, he went to bid his mother farewell, 
and saw the tears bursting from her eyes. However, he said nothing to her; but 
he saw that his mother would be distressed if he went, and, perhaps, never be happy 
again. He just turned round to the servant and said : " Go and tell them to fetch 
my trunk. I will not go away to break my mother's heart." His mother was 
etruck with his decision, and she said to him : " George, God has promised to bless 
the children that honor their parents, and I believe that he will bless you." The 
young man who thus honored his parents was afterward honored by his country- 
men, and will be to the end of time. 



Ittliit JtSntas. 


[Jktonb |)rcsibcnt cf % c!l j§.] 
Born in Mass., October 30, 1735. President from 1797 to 1801. Died July 4, 1826. 

SLUDGE of this man — his history read — 
Our Patriot would no tyrant heed; 
His loss is felt by one and all 
Now living on this earthly ball. 

And while all streams their courses keep, 
Directing us toward the deep, 
And stars shine in the azure deep 
Men who prize true worth and fame 
Shall e'er rejoice to read his name. 

floral JTessoiv. — |oIjn gibams attb Ijis JTatht. 

John Adams used to relate the following anecdote : " When I was a boy, I used to 
study the Latin grammar; but it was dull, and I hated it. My father was anxious 
to send me to college; and, therefore, I studied the grammar till I could bear it 
no longer; and going to my father, I told him I did not like study, and asked for 
some other employment. It was opposing his wishes, and he was quick in his 
answer: 'Well, John, if Latin grammar does not suit you, you may try ditching; 
perhaps that will. My meadow yonder needs a ditch, and you may put by 
Latin, and try that.' 

" Tbis seemed a delightful change, and to the meadow I went. But I soon found 
ditching harder than Latin, and the first forenoon was the longest I had ever ex- 
perienced. That day I ate the bread of labor ; and right glad was I when night 
came on. That night I made some comparison between Latin and ditching; but 
said not a word about it. I dug next forenoon, and wanted to return to Latin at 
dinner; but it was humiliating, and I could not do it. At night, toil conquered 
pride ; and though it was one of the severest trials I ever had in my life, I told my 
father, that if he chose, I would go back to Latin grammar. He was glad of it ; 
and if I have since gained any distinction, it has been owing to the two days' labor 
in that abominable ditch." 

Boys may learn several important lessons from this story. It shows how little 
they oftentimes appreciate their privileges. Those who are kept at study fre- 
quently think it a hardship needlessly imposed on them. The opportunity of 
pursuing a liberal course of study is what few enjoy ; and they are ungrateful who 
drag themselves to it as to an intolerable task. Youth may also learn from this 
anecdote, how much better their parents are qualified to judge of these things than 
themselves. If John Adams had continued this ditching instead of his Latin, his 
name would not probably have been known to us. But, in following the path marked 
out by his parent, he rose to the highest honors which the country can bestow. 





3%m«s $?fe«m. 


[&btrb ||«sib*nt of % Wi. J§.] 

Born in Virginia, April 13, 1743. President from 1801 to 1809 — eight years. 
Died July 4, 1826. 

THREATENED by foes on land and sea, 

Heeding not the powers that be, 

Our fathers, struggling to be free, 

Made us renowned, by giving thee 

A pen to write a declaration, 

Scorning chains and degradation, 

Just in time to save a nation, 

Expressing worth by demonstration; 

Flinching not, with pen in hand, 

For us so boldly took thy stand, 

Elevated by command, 

Rolled the ink to save our land. 

So long as stars and stripes shall wave 

O'er this land of the fair and brave, 

Nations will respect thy grave. 

Ptoral Jfwsou. — (ffittsbottt Ifcamb from |tatrtre. 

An Italian bishop struggled through great difficulties without repining or betray- 
ing the least impatience. One of his intimate friends, who highly admired the 
virtues which he thought it impossible to imitate, one day asked the prelate if he 
could communicate the secret of being always easy. " Yes," replied the old man ; 
" I can teach you my secret with great facility; it consists in nothing more than 
making a right use of my eyes." His friend begged of him to explain himself. 
" Most willingly," returned the bishop. " In whatever state I am, I first of all 
look up to Heaven, and remember that my principal business here is to get there; 
I then look down upon the earth, and call to mind how small a place I shall occupy 
in it, when I die and am buried; I then look abroad into the world, and observe 
what multitudes there are who are in all respects more unhappy than myself. Thus 
I learn where true happiness is placed — where all our cares must end; and what 
little reason I have to repine or complain." 



\tm% Ihito. 


Sam$^ wLMMfa 


[goxitth $«sibnrf of % «. £.] 

Born in Virginia, March 16, 1757. President from 1809 to 1817 — eight years. 

gybUST at the dawn of Freedom's morn, 
A beacon light he upward rose; 
Mankind to bless, he on did press, 
Encountering and subduing foes 
Such as did our rights oppose. 

Much time he spent while President, 
Among the great, the high, and wise, 
Declaring to all, both great and small, 
Imperious foes he did despise; 
Supported by a Monarch high, 
"Our foes," said he, "with kings that be, 
No homage shall receive from me." 

floral Igmaxt. — gflmt Superior to $3irifj. 

Euripides was the son of a fruiterer; Virgil of a baker; Horace of a freed slave ; 
Anayot of a currier; Voiture of a vintner; Tamerlane of a shepherd; Rollin of a 
herdsman; Molliere of an upholsterer ; Rousseau of a watchmaker ; Ben Jonson 
of a mason; Shakspeare of a butcher; Beattie of a farmer; Thomas Moore of a 
grocer; Rembrandt of a miller; Dr. Mibner, of China, was a herd-boy in Rhynia; 
Joseph Hume, of the British Parliament, was a sailor-boy. Thousands of such 
instances prove that birth is less honorable than true merit and industry. 

%\t IpbUosopIjtr <0 nib one. 

A learned philosopher being in his study, a little girl came for some fire. The 
doctor said, " But you have nothing to take it in ;" and as he was going to fetch 
something, the girl, taking some cold ashes in one hand, put the live coals on 
with the other. The astonished sage threw down his books, saying, " With all my 
learning I never should have found out that expedient." 



[mtu M' 



Dfiftfe $zenforf of % Wi. g.] 

Born in Virginia, April 2, 1759. President from 1817 to 1825 — eight years. 
Died July 4, 1831. 

ibUSTLY for us did lie fight; 
And since he won a name so bright, 
Men should of his victories write ; 
Ever praising what he 's done 
So long as shines our glorious sun. 

Monroe was a warrior true, 

Of the battles he fought we remember too ; 

Nelson-like at them he fought, 

Repelling those who victory sought; 

Of all the times by foes surrounded, 

Excepting once, was never wounded. 

Poral Wesson. — %, gtoble $Jog. 

A boy was once tempted by some of his companions to pluck ripe cherries from 
a tree which his father had forbidden him to touch. "You need not be afraid," 
said one of his companions, " for if your father should find out that you had taken 
them, he is so kind he would not hurt you. " " That is the very reason," replied the 
boy, "why I would not touch them. It is true, my father would not touch me ; 
yet my disobedience, I know, would hurt my father; and that would be Worse to 
me than anything else." A boy who grows up with such principles would be a 
man in the best sense of the word. It betrays a regard for rectitude that would 
render him trustworthy under every trial. 

UPferJiw Huh iht jpjra. 

During the awful massacre of St. Bartholomew, every Protestant in France that 
coukl be found was put to death. By order of the king, Admiral de Coligny was 
murdered in his own house, but Merlin, his chaplain, concealed himself in a hay- 
loft. He stated, at the next synod, that he was supported during his concealment 
by a hen, which regularly laid her eggs near his place of refuge. 



$\n %mnq JtScms. 



I® %%i%t% geftattti. 

[Sidb |wsifeirf of ibe 5ft. &.] 

Born in Massachusetts, July 11, 1767. President from 1825 to 1829 — four years. 
Died February 23, 1848. 

2PEOPLE of every clime and tongue 
Regarded him as one of worth, 
Ever to his country true 
So long as he remained on earth. 
• In learning none could him excel; 
Discussion was to him delight, 
Exploring was his mind, but still 
Never did he swerve from right; 
Think of the hight to which he rose, 
Judge of his merits then, 
Our statesman when but yet a youth, 
Harangued with even the wisest men. 
Now if you wish to blot his fame 
Quite from beneath the sky, 
Uplift the sea first from its bed, 
Its mighty waves defy; 
Not only so, but make the stars 
Cease, at thy word, to run, 
Yon silver moon, too, pluck it down, 
And paralyze the sun; 
Do all which we have named above, 
And then you can, no doubt, 
Make men forget his useful life, 
Sweep, too, his memory out. 

(oral ITessoh. — €kao. 

The great Roman orator was one day sneered at by one of his opponents, ft mean 
man of noble lineage, on account of his low parentage. " You are the_7?rel! of your 
line," said the railer. "And you," replied Cicero, " are the last of yours," 




[Scbcntlj |1rrstbcnt of t\t ®. S.] 

Born in North Carolina, March 15, 1767. President from 1829 to 1837 — eight years. 

Died June 8, 1845. 

IJlREAT and noble, brave and free, 
Ever faithful, kind was lie; 
None could bend his iron will, 
Earth could not his spirit quell; 
Read his exploits o'er and o'er, 
And you love him more and more. 
Low though he sleeps, his virtues shine, 
And will to the end of time. 
Now go with him through life's scenes, 
Down to the battle of Orleans; 
Respect the course he is pursuing. 
Enter on the battle's plain, 
Witness the dying and the slain; 
Judge from what you see him doing, 
All his efforts were not vain ; 
Cities though are saved from ruin. 
Kindled is the very air — 
See the British in despair — 
On each foe destruction hurled — 
Now his fame surrounds the world. 

floral Wesson:. 

Lord Tenderden, who was the son of a harber, had too much good sense to feel 
any false shame on that account. It is related of him, that when, in an early 
period of his professional career, a brother barrister, with whom he happened to 
have a quarrel, had the bad taste to twit him on his origin, his manly and severe 
reply was, " Yes, sir, I am the son of a barber ; if you had been the son of a bar- 
ber, you would have been a barber yourself." 



nrtm Jm %nm. 


Born in New York, December 5, 1782. President from 1837 to 1841 — four years. 

tJJJM'OKE greedy than wise, more knave than saint, 

And yet he had so many charms, 

Reclining on his chair of ease, 

The people took him to their arms; 

In all his glory they saw him rise, 

Not clothed with virtue, but with disguise. 

Vows he broke from day to day, 
And, in truth, we this can say, 
No tears can wash his sins away. 

But still from us he homage claims, 
Unmindful of his traitorous aims ; 
Robed in the garments of a foe, 
Enticing men with him to go — 
Not to heaven, but down below. 

ejfable. — STIje £ox mtb fbc (Soat. 

A fox having tumbled by chance into a well, had been casting about a long 
while, to no purpose, how he should get out again ; when, at last, a goat came to 
the place, and wanting a drink, asked Reynard whether the water was good. 
" Good," says he ; " ay, so sweet that I am afraid that I have surfeited myself, I 
have drank so abundantly." The goat, upon this, without any more ado, leaped 
in; and the fox, taking the advantage of his horns, by the assistance of them as 
nimbly leaped out, leaving the poor goat at the bottom of the well to shift for himself. 


The doctrine taught us hy this fable is no more than this : that we ought to consider who it is 
that advises us, before we follow the advice. For, however plausible the counsel may seem, if the 
person that gives it is a crafty knave, we may be assured that he intends to serve himself in it, 
more than us, if not to erect something to his own advantage out of our ruin. 

The little, poor country attorney, ready to starve, and sunk to the lowest depth of poverty, for 
want of employment, by such arts as these, draws the squire bis neighbor into the gulf of the 
law; until, laying hold on the branches of his revenue, he lifts himself out of obscurity, and 
leaves the other immured in the bottom of a mortgage. 



ilium jr. Samson. 


Qpafy $)rcsftcnt of tin Wi. g.,] 

Was son of Benjamin Harrison, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. He was born in Charles City, Virginia, February 9, 1773, and was elected 
President 1840. But in the midst of his glory and bright career, was seized with 
sickness, and died April 4, just one month from his inauguration. 


HILE here in this land, at his people's command, 
He rushed to the field with sword in his hand, 
Huzzahing like Tweed, for his country in need, 
All foes he compelled to fly at full speed; 
Resisting, they fell, right and left, pell mell, 
Rebuking each other rang out the wild yell; 
Intruders were shot, and killed on the spot, 
Still hourly the battle was growing more hot; 
Onward he goes, overwhelming his foes, 
Not leaving one rebel to tell of their woes. 

Pftral ITcssmt. 

Peter the Great made a. law, in 1722, that when any nobleman beat or ill- 
treated his slaves, he should be looked upon as insane, and a guardian should be 
appointed to take care of his person and his estate. The monarch, however, who 
advised clemency, kindness, and forbearance, and thus severely punished the vio- 
lators of the law by which he attempted to enforce them, was very irritable, and 
frequently struck his inferiors, whatever might be their rank. He frequently 
apologized, and it was considered an honor to have a blow and an apology from 
the emperor. He once struck his gardener, who being very sensitive, took to his 
bed and died. When Peter heard of it, he said, " Alas ! I have civilized my own 
subjects ; I have conquered other nations ; yet I have not been able to civilize or to 
conquer myself 1 " 



fata Mfer. 


[Ccntlj |)rcsibcnt of tbe S, &.] 

Born in Virginia, March 20, 1790. Succeeded to the Presidency on the death of 
General Harrison, in 1840. Served to 1845— three years, eleven months, 

JUDGING from, his traitorous course, 
Our praise of him would have no force ; 
His duping friends, at once we see, 
Never will forgotten be. 

To him we did our homage pay, 
Yet, strange to say, he went astray; 
Laid by the honors which he won, 
Ever to be, while shines the sun, 
Rebuked by all— Poor Tyler John. 

gloral JTtsson. — ^obxlitg of |h$. 

Crantz, in his Saxon history, tells us of an Earl of Alsatia, surnamed Iron, on 
account of his great strength, who was a great favorite with Edward the Third of 
England, and much envied, as favorites are always sure to be, by the rest of the 
courtiers. On one occasion, when the king was absent, some nobleman maliciously 
instigated the queen to make trial of the noble blood of the favorite, by causing a 
lion to be let loose upon him, saying, according to the popular belief, that " If the 
earl was truly noble, the lion would not touch him." It being customary with 
the earl to rise at break of day, before any other person in the palace was stirring, 
a lion was let loose during the night, and turned into the lower court. When the 
earl came down in the morning, with only a night-gown over his shirt, he was 
met by the lion, bristling his hair, and growling destruction between his teeth. 
The earl, not in the least daunted, called out, with a stout voice, " Stand, you 
dog 1" At these words the lion couched at his feet, to the great amazement of the 
courtiers, who were peeping out at every window to see the issue of their ungener- 
ous project. The earl laid hold of the lion by the mane, turned him into his cage, 
and placing his night-cap on the lion's back, came forth without casting a look 
behind him. "Now," said the earl, calling out to the courtiers, whose presence 
at the windows instantly convinced him of the share they had in this trial of his 
courage, "let him among you all that standeth most upon his pedigree go and 
fetch my night-cap." 

3 r 




[©kocwtb $«sftjwi of tlje WL S.] 

Born in North Carolina, November 2, 1795. President from 1845 to 1849— four years. 
Died June 15, 1849. Glory to his name and peace to his ashes. 

JUSTICE and truth lie loved from his youth, 
And, as he grew old in years, we are told, 
More wise he became, till he won a proud name 
Ever to be bright; while stars give us light, 
Shall the world of his wisdom be told. 
Kindest of men, there ne'er was a pen 
Pointed with gems could praise him too high; 
'er the statesman true, now hundreds we view 
lamenting the hour, when God, by his power, 
Kindled, disease and caused him to die. 

His fame it will last while ages go past, 
Kind husband, great statesman, though dead, 
Our people do boast of his valor and trust 
On the marble which covers his head. 


floral Wesson. — Jtnoclung ^foag % ||rops. 

"See, father," said a lad who was walking with his father, "they are knocking 
away the props from under the bridge. What are they doing that for ? Won't the 
bridge fall ?" 

" They are knocking them away," said the father, "that the timbers may rest 
more firmly upon the stone piers which are now finished." 

God often takes away our earthly props, that wo may rest morn firmly on Him. God sometimes 
takes away a man's health that he may rest upon him for his daily bread. Before his health 
failed, though perhaps he repeated daily the words : " Give us this day our daily bread," he looked 
to his own industry for that which ho asked of God. That prop being taken away, he rested 
wholly on God's bounty. AVhen he receives his bread, he receives it as the gift of God. God 
takes away our friends, that we may look to him for sympathy. When our affections were exer- 
cised on objects around us, when wo rejoiced in their abundant sympathy, we did not feel the use 
of Divine sympathy. But when they were taken away, we felt our need of God's sympathy and 
support. We were brought to realize that he alone can give support, and form an adequate por- 
tion for the soul. Thus are our earthly props removed, that we may rest firmly and wholly upon 



%rdwii Ifeglar. 


m\m% IBaglw. 

[ftfoelftlj fresiknt of % W. §.] 

Born in Virginia, November 24, 1784. President from March 4, 1849, to his death 
July 9, 1850 — one year, four months, and five days. 

JIeALOUS was he to keep us all free, 

And to inarch us in triumph o'er the powers that be; 

Counselor and chief in the days of our grief, 

He flew to our aid, and gave us relief. 

As a true worthy son his duty he done, 

Hushing on foes he made them all run, 

Yelling like hounds at the crack of a gun. 

The glance of his eye made the Mexicans fly, 
All dreading his sword and fearing to die; 
Yet thousands withstood our General so good, 
Leaving his men to tread in the blood 
Of cowards and foes who slept in repose, 
Requiring some one their eyelids to close. 

literal i^ssou. — ®|j* Cfoo giifors. 

Evil communications (associations) corrnpt good manners. 

The waters of the Mississippi and the Missouri unite and form one river. The 
■Water of the latter is exceedingly turbid, and the former clear. When they first 
meet the waters refuse to mingle. The clear and muddy water flows along, forming 
one river; but you can clearly distinguish the one from the other. By degrees the 
clear, bright waters of the one become united with those of the other, and the clear- 
ness is lost forever. 


Virtuous and vicious persons can associate for a time, keeping their characters 
distinct. But if the associations be continued, the virtuous, pure character will 
become soiled by the vicious. No one can associate freely with the wicked without 
becoming in some measure like them. 





^^i, r^.'^.. /$f& /•:.■:"■' ;, "-;-v." . .■■ -'-.. -i~ -...' 

" '* B "t-'- r.'t;: $3 ■> • - ■ . 6.-. V-') — '^ -•? j-V 


MtTY*?^ totter* 



[f bixtmxtb |1«sib£nt of t\z €• S-] 

Born iu New York, January 7, 1800. Succeeded to the Presidency on the death of 
General Taylor, July 9, 1850. Served to March 4, 1853 — two years, seven months, 
and twenty-three days. 


JioNOKED for thy love of right, 
Onward soar to fame and might; 
Never from the truth diverging, 
Or spurious doctrines on us urging ; 
Bespect the good, reprove the bad, 
And brace the weak, and cheer the sad. 
Be kind to all, do what we may, 
Let nothing lead thy heart astray; 
Ever kind in thought and deed, 
Men by acts thy heart can read. 
Indebted for past favors, we 
Like loyal subjects, reverence thee; 
Labor on, and be content, 
And if elected President, 
Restore* the good to office, and 
Disperse the bad, at thy command. 

For many now in office be 

In whom defects we plainly see; 

Living on the revenue 

Like wolves they eat, but nothing do. 

Mean men, they seek for wealth and fame, 

Our country's good is not their aim; 

E,epulse them all from office, and 

Extend thy sway o'er all the land. 



^raaBBa ifem. 


[gomtttntb f Ksiteni of % ®. §.] 

Born in New York, November 23, 1801. President from 1853 to 1857 — four years. 

/*) EW ever did live deserving more praise, 

Reviving our hearts on him when we gaze ; 

And let us speak the truth as it stands, 

No one from us more praises demands; 

Keeping his eyes on the mansions of light, 

Losing no time, 'tis precious and bright. 

Inured to close study, a lover of truth, 

Never swerving from right from the days of his youth. 

Precious to all is the man of true worth, 

Influenced by such we live on the earth ; 

Every eye should behold him and tongue give him praise, 

Respecting his walk, his wisdom, and ways; 

Condemning no one who willingly stands 

Ever ready to go where duty demands. 

floral lesson. — &Ije ©ntanuntcb §5ofo. 

A man possessed an excellent bow, made of ebony, with which he could shoot at 
a great distance, and with much precision. This bow he highly prized; but on 
viewing it attentively, he thought it somewhat too simple, its ornament consisting 
exclusively in its polish. " What a pity 1 I will repair to an artist, and order him 
to carve some figures on my bow," said the man. He did so ; and the artist repre- 
sented thereon a complete chase; and what could be more suitable? The man, 
overjoyed, exclaimed: "You well deserve these embellishments, my excellent 
bowl" at the same moment placing the arrow, twang sounded the string, and the 
bow — broke 1 

Sterling qualities and energy of character too often become enervated and useless 
by an undue regard for external accomplishments. 



S^ %i f^^' e ^*^< 

.4 ifUlUHUGU* 

[liftcutth. |«sibcnt of % ST. g.] 

Born in Pennsylvania, April 13, 1791, and was elected President 1856. 

SMUGGLING men we hate to see, 
And such a man should never be 
Made to rule America. 
Evil-minded, greedy too, 
See how he spends the revenue. 
Base-hearted, mean, intriguing, sly, 
Unfit to live, unfit to die; 
Corrupted by a Northern band, 
Hating every Southern land. 
A curse to all, to child and sire, 
None should such a fame desire. 
All the prayers of this whole nation 
Need be made for his salvation. 

A kite had been sick a long time, and finding there were no hopes of recovery, 
begged of his mother to go to all the churches and religious houses in the country, 
to try what promises and prayers could effect in his behalf. The old Kite replied : 
"Indeed, dear son, I would willingly undertake anything to save your life, but I have 
great reason to despair of doing you any service in the way you propose ; for, with 
what face can I ask anything of the gods in favor of one whose life has been a con- 
tinued scene of rapine and injustice; and who has not scrupled, upon occasion, to 
rob the very altars themselves ?" 

Ipiocjenrs rvuo^ing |]ribe. 

Diogenes being at Olympia, saw at that celebrated festival some young men of 
Rhodes, magnificently dressed. Smiling, he exclaimed, " This is pride." After- 
ward meeting some Lacedajmonians, who were in a mean and sordid dress, he said, 
"This also is pride." The keen observation of the philosopher enabled him to 
detect pride in these two opposite exhibitions of human nature. 



8tw T *»t "ft "•> 


:l* SUtiftrftt* 

Elected President by the Black Republicans, November 6, 1860. 

S^BHOBBED by all, 

Both great and small, 

Existing on this Southern soil. 

Lean, hungry, 


Nefarious man, 

Cunning, and trying 

Our ruin to plan ; 

Let Northerners bow to him, 

No Southerner can. 

literal ITessoiT. 

An eagle that had young ones, looking out for something to feed them with, 
happened to spy a fox's cub, that lay basking itself abroad in the sun. She made 
a stoop and trussed it immediately ; but before she had carried it quite off, the old 
fox coming home, implored her, with tears in her eyes, to spare her cub, and pity 
the distress of a poor mother, who should think no affliction so great as that of 
losing her child. The eagle, whose nest was up in a very high tree, thought her- 
self secure enough from all projects of revenge, and so bore away the cub to her 
young ones, without showing any regard to the supplications of the fox. But that 
subtile creature, highly incensed at this outrageous barbarity, ran to an altar, where 
some country people had been sacrificing a kid in the open fields, and catching up 
a firebrand in her mouth, ran toward the tree where the eagle's nest was, with a 
resolution of revenge. She had scarce ascended the first branches, when the eagle, 
terrified with the approaching ruin of herself and family, begged the fox to desist, 
and, with much submission, returned her the cub again safe and sound. 


This fable is a warning to us, not to deal hardly or injuriously by anybody. The consideration 
of our being in a high condition of life, and those we hurt below us, will plead little or no excuse 
for us in this case. For there is scarce a creature of so despicable a rank, but is capable of avenging 
ittelf some way, and at some timo or other. AVhen great men happen to be wicked, how little 
scruple do they make of oppressing their poor neighbors ! they are perched upon a lofty station, 
and have built their nest on high ; and, having outgrown all feelings of humanity, are insensible 
to any pangs of remorse. The widow's tears, the orphan's cries, and the curses of the miserable, 
like javelins thrown by the hand of a feeble old man, fall by the way, and never reach their heart. 
But let such a one, in the midst of his flagrant injustice, remember how easy a matter it is, not- 
withstanding his superior distance, for tho meanest vassal to be revenged of him. The bitterness 
of affliction, even where cunning is wanting, may animate the poorest spirit with resolutions of 
vengeance, and when onco that fury is thoroughly awakened, we know not what she will require 
before she is lulled to rest again. The most powerful tyrants can not prevent a resolved assassina- 
tion ; there are a thousand different ways for any private man to do the business, who is heartily 
disposed to do it, and willing to satisfy his appetite fyr revenge at the expense of his life. An old 
woman may clap a firebrand to the palace of a prince, and it is in the power of a poor weak fool 
to destroy the children of the mighty. 




} m$f Mi 

^ti)HE thickest dangers we can brave; 

High above each watery grave, 

Ever may our banners wave. 

United we to greatness rose, 

Notwithstanding deadly foes 

In our youth did us oppose; 

They could not make our sons to yield; 

Each with sword and right to shield, 

Displayed his valor on the field. 

Servitude we could not stand, 

They fought our foes on sea and land, 

And made them fall on every hand. 

The victory sought at last was won, 

Efficient, brave George Washington, 

Subduing made our foes to run. 





POPULATION IN 1860, G19.95S. 



tii*wv OST Northern State of all the free 
And independent states that be, 
In thee the finest mills we see; 
Noted for lumber, cities, and towns, 
Exports of lime, and fine granite mounds. 

^abie. — &ht ^og anb t\t &Ijabofo. 

A dog, crossing a little rivulet with a piece of flesh in his mouth, saw his shadow 
represented in the clear mirror of the limpid stream ; and believing it to be another 
dog, who was carrying another piece of flesh, he could not forbear catching at it; 
but was so far from getting anything by his greedy design, that he dropped the piec ■ 
he had in his mouth, which immediately sunk to the bottom, and was irrecoverably 


He that catches at more than belongs to him, justly deserves to lose what he 
has. Yet nothing is more common, and, at the same time, more pernicious, than 
this selfish principle. It prevails from the king to the peasant ; and all orders and 
degrees of men are, more or less, infected with it. Great monarchs have been 
drawn in by this greedy humor, to grasp at the dominions of their neighbors ; not 
that they wanted anything more to feed their luxury, but to gratify their insatiable 
appetite with vain-glory. If the kings of Persia could have been contented with 
their own vast territories, they had not lost all Asia for the sake of a little petty 
state of Greece. And France, with all its glory, has, ere now, been reduced to the 
last extremity by the same unjust encroachments. 

He that thinks he sees another estate in a pack of cards or a box and dice, and 
ventures his own in the pursuit of it, should not repine if he finds himself a beggar 
in the end. 



]fns J$tattps$tr*. 

POPULATION IN 18GO, 327,072. 



21$ E'ER falter nor pine, though troubles arise, 
Extending, like darkness surrounding the skies, 
With freedom to guide thee, till time it shall close, 
Hold fast to the Truth, in spite of all foes ; 
And the Author of freedom, the King of the skies, 
Most gracious and holy, he hears all thy cries, 
Protects and directs thee, unseen though he be, 
Supported by him are the States of the Free; 
His arms are around thee, his power defends, 
Immanuel, King Jesus, the best of all friends, 
Reclaim thee when swerving from truth and from right, 
Ere shades of deep darkness ingulf thee in night. 

<Jfabk. — ®be |Hait anb Ijts (&oost. 

A certain man had a goose, which laid him a golden egg every day. But, not 
contented with this, which rather increased than abated his avarice, he was resolved 
to kill the goose and cut up her belly, that so he might come at the inexhaustible 
treasure which he fancied she had within her. He did so, and to his great sorrow 
and disappointment found nothing. 


Those who are of such craving and impatient tempers that they can not live 
contented when fortune has blessed them with a constant and continual sufficiency, 
deserve even to be deprived of what they have. And this has been the case of many 
ambitious and covetous men, who, by making an essay to grow very rich at once, 
have missed what they aimed at, and lost what they had before. 







^ERY healthy, mountainous, and rich little State, 
Endeared to the humble, the wise, and the great, 
Restraining no one, all acting upright, 
May walk from thy shores to the mansions of light. 
Of all thy charms no mortal can tell, 
No pen can relate them, all loving thee well, 
They wish not to leave thee in far lands to dwell. 

^ablc. — ®be ©am fackbafo. 

A certain jackdaw was so proud and ambitious, that not contented to live within 
his own sphere, but picking up the feathers which fell from the peacocks, he stuck 
them in among his own, and very confidently introduced himself into an assembly 
of those beautiful birds. They soon found him out, stripped him of his borrowed 
plumes, and falling upon him with their sharp bills, punished him as his pre- 
sumption deserved. Upon this, full of grief and affliction, he returned to his old 
companions, and would have flocked with them again ; but they, knowing his 
late life and conversation, industriously avoided him, and refused to admit him 
into their company ; and one of them at the same time gave him a serious reproof. 
If, friend, you could have been contented with our station, and not disdained the 
rank in which nature had placed you, you had not been used so scurvily by those 
upon whom you intruded yourself, nor suffered the notorious slight which now we 
think ourselves obliged to put upon you. 

What we may learn from this fable is, in the main, to live contentedly in our 
own condition, whatever it be, without affecting to look bigger than we are, by a 
false or borrowed life. To be barely pleased with appearing above what a man 
really is, is bad enough ; and what may justly render him contemptible in the eyes 
of his equals; but if, to enable him to do this with something of a better grace, he 
has clandestinely feathered his nest with his neighbor's goods, when found out, he 
has nothing to expect but to be stripped of his plunder, and used like a felonious 
rogue into the bargain. 



POPULATION IN 18GQ, 1 ,431,194. 



May all thy children in religion confide, 
And trust in the merits of the Savior who died, 
Suffered with hunger, with hardships and pains — 
Sickness and torture, to free us from chains ; 
And since those chains which bound us once fast, 
Can never more gall while ages go past — 
Hold back the turbulent, and make them to see, 
Union of all States, can never more be : 
So should thy sons in the future be found, 
Endeavoring to scatter dissension around, 
Those traitors arrest, tho' fierce and tho' bold, 
Their crimes, too, punish before they are sold 
Slaves to Europe, that tyrant of old. 

Poral JTwson. — Poljammcb J§atat> bg a Spibtt. 

When Mohammed, exposed to the wrath of his enemies, fled from Mecca, in 
company with Abubekar, they took refuge in a cave three miles from the city, 
called the cave of Ther, where the two fugitives concealed themselves for three 
days. His pursuers, coming to the cave, found that a spider had woven a Web 
across the entrance, from which circumstance they judged that no one could have 
recently entered it. They accordingly retired without examining the interior, and 
the Prophet and his companion afterward escaped in safety. But for that spider's 
web, Mohammed had lost his life; and his career terminated only to be dimly 
written on the page of history. 

A yocng aristocrat taunted a member of the British House of Commons, who 
had won his way to a high position by industry and perseverance, with his humble 
origin, saying, "I remember when you blacked my father's boots." "Well, sir," 
was the reply, *' di 1 1 not do them well? " 



%\$t Iskttfi. 

POPULATION IN 1860, 174.&1. 


ItCEGARDED small by one and all, 
Healthy yet and like a light, 
Ornamental to the free; 
Decked with cities shining bright, 
Each one speaks in praise of thee. 

It gives us joy when we behold 
So many ladies, young and old, 
Laboring in thy factories fine; 
All dependent though they be, 
Not so much as one we see 
Disposed to grumble or repine. 

<tfable. — ®fje olb poanb anb fyz Huntsman. 

An old hound, who had been an excellent good one in his time, and given his 
master great sport and satisfaction in many a chase, at last, worn out by age, be- 
came feeble and unserviceable. However, being in the field one day, when the 
stag was almost run down, he happened to be the first that came in with him, and 
seized him by one of his haunches ; but his decayed and broken teeth not being 
able to keep their hold, the deer escaped, and threw him quite out. Upon which, 
his master, being in a great passion, and going to strike him, the honest old creat- 
ure is said to have barked out this apology: "Ah! do not strike your poor, old 
servant; it is not my heart and inclination, but my strength and speed, that fail 
me. If what I now am displeases you, pray recollect what I have been." 

Past services should never be forgotten. 








CELEBRATED for industry, while factories we see 
On our right and our left when traveling o'er thee; 
No one can prevent us, when on thee we gaze, 
Nor make us to falter when giving thee praise. 
Every one who beholds thee thy name should adore, 
Containing the learned, the rich, and the poor; 
Tall churches, large towns, and cities quite fine, 
Increasing in thee like diamonds they shine, 
Cheering all mortals in thy limits around, 
Undeniable, most beautiful, the learned and profound, 
They admit, to thy glory, thy name is renowned. 

^ablc. — &bc Cnnng anb tbe ^lolpljin. 

A fish called a tunny, being pursued by a dolphin, and driven with great violence, 
not minding which way he went, was thrown by the force of the waves upon a 
rock, and left there. His death was now inevitable; but, casting his eye on one 
side, and seeing the dolphin, in the same condition, lie gasping by him, "Well," 
says he, " I must die, it is true; but I die with pleasure, when I behold him who is 
the cause of it involved in the same fate." 


Revenge, though a blind, mischievous passion, is yet a very sweet thing ; so sweet 
that it can even sooth the pangs, and reconcile us to the bitterness of death. And, 
indeed, it must be a temper highly philosophical that' could be driven out of life 
by any tyrannical, unjust procedure, and not be touched with a sense of pleasure 
to see the author of it splitting upon the same rock. 



m fori. 

POPULATION IN 1860, 3,851,663. 


WUMEEOUS mills, and factories too, 
Enrich her sons and daughters true 
With gold and silver bright and new. 

Ye men, who buy fine goods of her, 
Offend her not, her name is dear, 
Reflecting light, be men profound; 
Keep step with her, ye states around. 

<|fabk — &Ij£ Part anfr tlje Wmt. 

A hart, being pursued hard by the hunters, hid himself under the broad leaves 
of a shady, spreading vine. When the hunters were gone by, and had given him 
over for lost, he, thinking himself very secure, began to crop and eat the leaves of 
the vine. By this means the branches being put into a rustling motion, drew the 
eyes of the hunters that way ; who, seeing the vine stir, and fancying some wild 
beast had taken covert there, shot their arrows at a venture, and killed the hart, 
who, before he expired, uttered his dying words to this purpose : " Ah ! I suffer 
justly for my ingratitude ; who could not forbear doing an injury to the vine that 
bo kindly concealed me in time of danger." 


Ingratitude has been always esteemed the biggest of crimes, and what, as it were, 
comprehends all other vices within it. Nor can we say that this estimation is 
rashly or unadvisedly made; for he that is capable of injuring his benefactors, 
what will he scruple toward another ? If his conscience can not be felt with the 
weight of an obligation added to it, much less will it have any influence where 
there is none. So that, upon the whole, we may conclude that the man who has 
been once guilty of ingratitude, will not stick at any other crimes of an inferior 



nti Jnrsfg, 


POPULATION IN 18C0, 67P.084. 


2!$ EAT, lovely towns and cities high 

Everywhere -in her we spy, 

With factories towering to the sky. 

Justly worthy mints of gold, 
Enriching men, let the days of old 
Repeat her worth as yet untold; 
She did the sword most bravely wield; 
England tried to make her yield, 
Yet Jersey whipped her on the field. 

<fabk— &bz S&olbcs anb % Sfjjatp. 

The wolves and sheep had been a long time in a state of war together. At last 
a cessation of arms was proposed, in order to a treaty of peace, and hostages were 
to be delivered on both sides for security. The wolves proposed that the sheep 
should give up their dogs on the one side; and that they would deliver up their 
young ones on the other. This proposal was agreed to: but no sooner executed, 
than the young wolves began to howl for want of their dams. The old ones took 
this opportunity to cry out, " The treaty was broke ;" and so; falling upon the sheep, 
who were destitute of their faithful guardians, the dogs, they worried and devoured 
them without control. 


In all our transactions with mankind, even in the most private and low life, we 
should have a special regard how, and with whom, we trust ourselves. Men, in 
this respect, ought to look upon each other as wolves, and to keep themselves under 
a secure guard, and in a continual posture of defense. Particularly upon any 
treaties of importance, the securities on both sides should be strictly considered ; 
and each should act with so cautious a view to their own interest, as never to pledge 
or part with that which is the very essence and basis of their safety and wellbeing. 




POPULATION IN 1860, 2,916,018. 



2PBIZED by the good, and by the great 
Enriched and called the Keystone State; 
No state more true, no state more wise, 
No state more loved beneath the skies; 
She firmly stands, adorned with grace; 
Ye men around, behold her face. 
Look at her houses, white and new, 
Various towns and cities too, 
Alive with men. Now see, behold 
Not only man, but women bold, 
Invoking God to save our land, 
And make this Union firmly stand. 

^able. — SHje §ati anb ilje (irassljonper. 

In the winter season, a commonwealth of ants was busily employed in the 
management and preservation of their corn; which they exposed to the air, in 
heaps, round about the avenues of their little country habitation. A grasshopper, 
who had chanced to outlive the summer, and was ready to starve with cold and 
hunger, approached them with great humility, and begged that they would relieve 
his necessity with one grain of wheat or rye. One of the ants asked him, how he 
had disposed of his time in summer, that he had not taken pains, and laid in a 
stock, as they had done. "Alas! gentlemen," says he, "I passed away the time 
merrily and pleasantly, in drinking, singing, and dancing, and never once thought 
of winter." " If that be the case," replied the ant, " all I have to say is, that they 
who drink, sing, and dance, in the summer, must starve in the winter." 


Who pleasures love 
Shall beggars prove. 





("110,618 WHITES, 

I 1,803 BLACKS. 



Decidedly small, but still we confess 

Each beauty of thine we can not express, 
Language would fail us to tell of thy charms, 
Adorned with fine houses, fine cities, fine farms; 
With ladies most lovely, as the learned will agree, 
And gentlemen quite from vices all free, 
Rich and refined in the arts of true worth, 
Extending thy fame to the ends of the earth. 

^abk.— &l)e <£ir ©«* anb % §xwmhlt. 

A tall, straight fir tree, that stood towering up in the midst of a forest, was so 
proud of his dignity and high station, that he overlooked the little shrubs which 
grew beneath him. A bramble, being one of the inferior throng, could by no 
means brook this haughty carriage ; and, therefore, took him to task, and desired 
to know what he meant by it. " Because," says the Fir-tree, " I look upon myself 
as the first tree, for beauty and rank, of any of the forest. My spring-top shoots 
up into the clouds, and my branches display themselves with a perpetual beauty 
and verdure ; while you lie groveling upon the ground, liable to be crushed by 
every fool that comes near you, and impoverished by the luxurious droppings 
which fall from my leaves." 

" All this may be true," replied the Bramble ; " but when the woodman has 
marked you out for public use, and the sounding ax comes to be applied to your 
root, I am mistaken if you will not be glad to change situations with the very worst 
of us." 


In every condition we should be humble; for the loftier the station, the greater 
the danger. 





646,783 WHITES. 


( 646,783 
'\ 85,382 




WiAJESTIC and rich, her name we adore, 
A comfort to all, to the rich and the poor; 
Kevealing true worth to the men of each state, 
Yet half of her charms we can not relate ; 
Look at her cities and mansions around, 
Alive with fine ladies, for beauty renowned, 
Neat and most lovely while ages shall roll, 
Defending from harm, their virtues extol. 

gvbk— ftfj WLooii mxb % Clotmr. 

A country fellow came one day into a wood, and looked about him with some 
concern ; upon which the trees, with a curiosity natural to some other creatures, 
asked him what he Wanted ? He replied, that he wanted only a piece of wood to 
make a handle to his hatchet. Since that was all, it was voted unanimously that 
he should have a piece of good, sound, tough ash. But he had no sooner received 
and fitted it for his purpose, than he began to lay about him unmercifully, and to 
hack and hew without distinction, felling the noblest trees in all the forest. Then 
the oak is said to have spoken thus to the beech, in a low whisper, « Brother, we 
must take it for our pains." 


No people are more justly liable to suffer than those who furnish their enemies 
with any kind of assistance. It is generous to forgive; it is enjoined on us by religion 
to love our enemies; but he that trusts, much more contributes to the strengthen- 
mg and arming of an enemy, may almost depend upon repenting him of his 
inadvertent benevolence ; and has, moreover, this to add to his distress : that when 
he might have prevented it he brought misfortunes upon himself, by his own 



Wklnfi nf ffototufew. 


«' " WASHINGTON CITY, 61,403. 


mgtoit Ctto. 

TT7"eep loudly, proud City, for thy glory has fled ! 
" And thy people endangered, are trembling with dread ; 
Some leaving scared badly, while Lincoln and crew, 
Hath soiled thy escutcheon, and hath ruined thee too — 
Incumbered with ruffians, with fiendish long claws, 
Now seizing our goods, and in defiance of laws — 
Grasping our weapons — and think in one day 
Their cohorts can whip us and make us obey 
Old Lincoln ! But hear us — tho' we die on the field, 
Never! no! never! to him will we yield. 

Corrupted by monsters, thy brightness is gone, 
In the zenith of glory we view thee forlorn — 
Thy fanes and thy mansions, tho' towering so high, 
Yielding to armed men soon in ruins will lie ! 


I have touched the highest point of my greatness 
And from that full Meridian of my glory 
I haste to my setting ! I shall fall 
Like a bright exhalation in the Evening 
And no man see me more. — Shakspeark. 





373 WHITES. 


f 1,097,373 


(. 495,826 



If JIEGINIA ! Virginia ! I love thee so well ! 
In youth o'er thy hills and thy streams did I roam ; 
Resplendent with cities, in thee could I dwell, 
Glad, glad would I leave thee, my fair sunny home. 
It was on thy soil that my parents first gazed, 
Near Banistoe river, not far from its mouth; 
Industrious, their children to labor they raised, 
And hoping to enrich us they moved to the South. 

^abk — %\t Pole anb Ijer §am. 

A young mole snuffed up her nose, and told her dam she smelt an odd kind 
of a smell. By and by, " strange !" says she, " what a noise there is in my ears ; as 
if ten thousand paper-mills were going." A little after, she was at it again. " Look, 
look, what is that I see yonder ? it is just like the flames of a fiery furnace." To 
whom the dam replied, " Prythee, child, hold your idle tongue ; and if you would 
have us allow you any sense at all, do not affect to show more than nature has given 


It is wonderful that affectation, that odious quality, should have been always so 
common and epidemical, since it is not more disagreeable to others than hurtful 
to the person that wears it. By affectation, we aim at being thought to possess 
some accomplishments which we have not, or, at showing what we have in a 
conceited, ostentatious manner. Now this we may be assured of, that among dis- 
cerning people at least, when we endeavor at anything of this kind, instead of 
succeeding in the attempt, we detract from some real possession, and make quali- 
ties, that would otherwise pass well enough, appear nauseous and fulsome. 



Iari§ i&ralfoa. 


f 679,965 WHITES. 

(_ 328,377 BLACKS. 




S-f-0 state more free from debt than she; 
0, could the proud her farms but see! 
Rich farms of tar, rich farms of pitch — 
They would, methinks, pronounce her rich. 
Her bottom land is very good, 
Covered with the best of wood, 
And will produce, when cleared away, 
Rich crops of wheat, rich crops of hay, 
Oats, too, and corn, tobacco and rye 
Leap like trees, and seek the sky; 
Inviting us to go and view 
Numerous men and women true, 
At work in corn and cotton too. 

inbh.—lht fnrab ^frog. 

An ox, grazing in a meadow, chanced to set his foot among a parcel of young frogs, 
and trod one of them to death. The rest informed their mother, when she came 
home, what had happened, telling her that the beast which did it was the hugest 
creature that ever they saw in their lives " What, was it so big?" says the old 
frog, swelling and blowing up her speckled belly to a great degree. " 0, bigger by 
a vast deal," say they. " And so big ?" says she, straining herself yet more. " In- 
deed, mamma," say they, "if you were to burst yourself, you would never be so 
big." She strove yet again, and burst herself indeed. 


Whenever a man endeavors to live equal with one of a greater -fortune than 
himself, he is sure to share a like fate with the frog in the fable. How many vain 
people, of moderate easy circumstances, burst and come to nothing, by vieing 
with those whose estates are more ample than their own. 



mi% JSanflftw, 



308,186 WHITES. 

( 308,18* 
SCO, 1 

1 4os,is; 


Staunch advocate of principle and right, 
Of hazard her sons did never once think, 
Upheld by justice, the first in the fight ; 
The base procedure of treacherous old "Link" 
Her people could see, before you can wink. 

Courageous— they made them batteries of wood, 
And to their foes their banners unfurl'd, 
Resolving to conquer or pour out their blood — 
Over the fort they cannon balls hurl'd, 
Leaving impressions wherever they struck, 
Igniting Old Sumter, the flames rose high ! 
Now glory to her sons, we admire their pluck — 
And all that do Abe Lincoln defy. 

Jfable — % ^ss anb % fittk §05. 

Thk ass observing how great a favorite the little dog was with his master, how 
much caressed, and fondled, and fed with good bits at every meal ; and for no other 
reason, as he could perceive, but skipping and frisking about, wagging his tail, and 
leaping up into his master's lap, he was resolved to imitate the same, and see 
whether such a behavior would not procure him the same favors. Accordingly, 
the master was no sooner come home from walking about the fields and gardens, 
and was seated in his easy chair, than the ass, who observed him, came gamboling 
and braying toward him, in a very awkward manner. The master could not help 
laughing aloud at the odd sight. But the jest soon turned into earnest when he 
felt the rough salute of the ass's fore-feet, who, raising himself upon his hinder legs, 
pawed against his breast with a most loving air, and would fain have jumped into 
his lap. The good man, terrified at this outrageous behavior, and unable to endure 
the weight of so heavy a beast, cried out, upon which one of his servants running 
in with a good stick, and laying on heartily upon the bones of the poor ass, soon 
convinced him, that every one who desires it is not qualified to be a favorite. 





615,336 'WHITES. 

•107,161 SLAVES. 




WO on, go on, from strength to strength, 

Enterprising, and at length 

One more railroad will be done, 

Ready for the cars to run. 

Go on, go on, improvements make, 

It is time for states to wake, 

And from thee some lessons take. 

Jable. — Cjjje $5ear Hitir ijjc ^tt-^ibts. 

A bear, climbing over the fence into a place where bees were kept, began to 
plunder the hives, and rob them of their honey. But the bees, to revenge the 
injury, attacked him in a whole swarm together; and though they were not able 
to pierce his rugged hide, yet, with their little stings, they so annoyed his nostrils, 
that, unable to endure the smarting pain, with impatience he tore the skin over his 
ears with his own claws, and suffered ample punishment for the injury he did the 
bees, in breaking open their waxen cells. 


Many and great are the injuries of which some men are guilty toward others, 
for the sake of gratifying some liquorish appetite. For there are those who would 
not stick to bring desolation upon their country, and the hazard of their own necks 
into the bargain, rather than balk a wicked inclination, either of cruelty, ambition, 
or avarice. But it were to be wished all who are hurried by such blind impulses* 
would but consider a moment before they proceed to irrevocable execution. In- 
juries and wrongs not only call for revenge and reparation, with the voice of equity 
itself, but oftentimes carry their punishment along with them ; and, by an unfore- 
seen train of events, are retorted on the head of the actor of them ; and not seldom, 
from a deep remorse, expiated upon himself by his own hand. 

As for the reprobates whose foreheads are hardened with triple brass, and 
hacked with daily deliberate practice in villany, we can not so much as hope to 
reclaim them by arguments of reason and justice; and must, therefore, be forced 
to leave them to the necessary consequences of impiety. 







C 81,885 WHI 
\ 63,809 SLA 



^KESH fruits from thee we love to see; 
Luscious lemons from the tree, 
Oranges too, ripe and new, 
Right from thee we love to chew. 
In thee is seen the evergreen, 
Decked with foliage, like a queen 
Arrayed in garments white and clean 

^ablc. — %\}t Crabtlers. 

Two men traveling upon the road, one of them saw an ax lying upon the ground, 
where somebody had been hewing timber ; so, taking it up, says he : "I have found 
an ax." " Do not say /," says the other, " but we have found ; for as we are 
companions, we ought to share it between us." But the first would not consent. 
However, they had not gone far before the owner of the ax, hearing what had 
become of it, pursued them with a warrant ; which, when the fellow that had it 
perceived, "Alas!" says he, to his companion, "we are undone" "Nay," says 
the other, " do no not say we, but Jam undone ; for as you would not let me share 
the prize, neither will I share the danger with you." 


This fable hints to us the convenience, if not necessity, of making our friendships 
firm and lasting. And to this purpose, nothing is so requisite as a strict observance 
of the rules of honor and generosity ; for the very life and soul of friendship sub- 
sists upon mutual benevolence, upon conferring and receiving obligations on either 
hand. A stingy, reserved behavior starves it; it ought to be open, free, and com- 
municative; without the least tincture of suspicion or distrust. For jealousy in 
friendship is a certain indication of a false heart; though in love it may be the 
distinguishing mark of a true one. 




i,741 WHITES. 


( 520,744 
(. 435,472 



Acknowledged rich by ail the wise, 

Lovely state thy name we prize; 
Acquiring wealth from year to year, 
Bravely onward persevere. 
Among the richest states that be, 
Men and women kind and free, 
All say they love to live in thee. 

JabLes. — ®b* Jftgbting Cocks. 

Two cocks were fighting for the sovereignty of the dung-hill. And one of them 
having got the hetter of the other, he that was vanquished crept into a hole, and 
hid himself for some time ; but the victor flew up to an eminent place, clapped his 
wings, and crowed out victory. An eagle, who was watching for his prey near the 
place, saw him, and making a stoop, trussed him in his talons, and carried him 
off. The cock that had been beaten perceived this, soon quitted his hole, and 
shaking off all remembrance of his late disgrace, gallanted the hens with all the 
intrepidity imaginable. 


This fable shows the impropriety and inconveuience of running into extremes. 
Much of our happiness depends upon keeping an even balance in our words and 
actions; in not suffering the scale of our reason to mount us too high in time of 
prosperity, nor to sink too low with the weight of adverse fortune. 

%\i fen anb tip gfoallofo. 

A hen finding some serpent's eggs in a dung-hill, sat upon them with a design 
to hatch them. A swallow perceiving it, flew toward her, and said with somo 
warmth and passion: "Are you mad, to sit hovering over a brood of such perni- 
cious creatures as you do? Be assured, the moment you bring them to light, you 
are the first they will attack, and reek their venomous spite upon." 





( 407.5M WHITES. 

I 479.C07 BLACKS, 




yjltiOST lovely state, we reverence thee; 

Independent ever be, 

So long as farms in thee are seen, 

Some white and some with cotton green. 

Infringe thou on no other state, 

Still strive on, support the great, 

Sustain the good, and lead the blind 

In the only way to find 

Peace, which will sifpport the mind. 

Permit us, lastly, to be taught, 

Inclined to do the things we ought. 

(fable. — fjje |)orntpw£ anb tljc Snakes. 

A porcupine wanting to shelter himself, desired a nest of snakes to give him 
admittance into their cave. They were prevailed upon, and let him in accordingly ; 
but were so annoyed with his sharp prickly quills, that they soon repented of their 
easy compliance, and entreated the porcupine to withdraw, and leave them their 
hole to themselves. " No," says he, " let them quit the place that do not like it ; 
for my part, I am well enough satisfied as I am." 


Some people are of such brutish, inhospitable tempers, that there is no living 
with them, without greatly incommoding ourselves. Therefore, before we enter 
into any degree of friendship, alliance, or partnership with any person whatever, 
we should thoroughly consider his nature and qualities, his circumstances and his 
humor. There ought to be something in each of these respects to tally and corre- 
spond with our own measures, to suit our genius, and adapt itself to the size and 
proportion of our desires, otherwise our association, of whatever kind, may prove 
the greatest plagues of our life. 




f 354.-24.T WHITES. 

( 818,186 SLAVES. 



MKT thy fame for farming rise 

On every breeze that fans the skies ; 

Unvailing merit, let it roll 

In accents clear from pole to pole; 

Surrounding states perhaps will be 

Induced to follow after thee; 

And will to thee for sugar send — 

Not only so, but be thy friend, 

And praise thee till the world shall end. 

&nblt.—tyt int anb % gRct. 

A certain house was much infested with mice ; hut at last they got a cat, who 
caught and eat every day some of them. The mice finding their numbers grow thin, 
consulted what was best to be done for the preservation of the public from the 
jaws of the devouring cat. They debated, and came to this resolution : that no one 
should go below the upper shelf. The cat, observing the mice no longer come 
down as usual, hungry and disappointed of her prey, had recourse to this strata- 
gem : she hung by her hinder legs on a peg, which stuck in the wall, and made 
as if she had been dead, hoping by this lure to entice the mice to come down. She 
had not been in this posture long, before a cunning old mouse peeped over the edge 
of the shelf, and spoke thus: "Aha, my good friend 1 are you there? there you 
may be ! I would not trust myself with you, though your skin were stuffed with 


Prudent folks never trust those a second time who have deceived them once. 
And, indeed, we can not well be too cautious in following this rule ; for, upon ex- 
amination, we shall find that most of the misfortunes which befall us proceed from 
our too great credulity. They that know how to suspect, without hurting or ex- 
posing themselves, until honesty comes to be more in fashion, can never suspect 
too much. 





41.S.999 WHITES. 

( 41.S.999 Will' 

( !84,90G SLA1 


^vDHY lands are rich and sweet thy clime, 

Ever mild so be it. 

X neither begins nor ends a rhyme — 

And yet we place it in the line, 

So the folks may see it. 

JfabU. — ®Ije fjusbanftman anb Ijts JSons. 

A certain husbandman lying at the point of death, and being desirous his sons 
should pursue that innocent, entertaining course of agriculture in which himself 
had been engaged all his life, made use of this expedient to induce them to it. He 
called them to his bed-side, and spoke to this effect : "All the patrimony I have 
to bequeath to you, sons, is my farm and vineyard, of which I make you joint-heirs. 
But I charge you not to let it go out of your own occupation ; for, if I have any 
treasure besides, it lies buried somewhere in the ground, within a foot of the sur- 
face." This made the sons conclude that he talked of money which he had hid 
there ; so after their father's death, with unwearied diligence and application they 
carefully dug up every inch, both of the farm and vineyard. From whence it 
came to pass, that though they missed of the treasure which they expected, the 
ground, by being so well stirred and loosened, produced so plentiful a crop of all 
that was sowed in it, as proved a real, and that no inconsiderable treasure. 


Labor and industry well applied, seldom fail of finding a treasure; and since 
something toward the iuconveniences and pleasures of life may be thus procured, 
why should we lose and throw it away, by being slothful and idle ? Exercise is a 
great support of health, and health is by far the greatest single blessing of life; 
which alone will weigh sufficiently with any considerate man, so as to keep him 
from being utterly destitute of employment. But of all the kinds of treasure which 
are sure to reward the diligence of the active man, none is more agreeable, either 
in the pursuit or possession, than that which arises from the culture of the earth. 




POPULATION IN 1800, 384,770. 



COUNTRY far renowned for gold, 
And for soil, rich and new, 
Lofty kills and torrents bold, 
Immense streams, and branches too, 
Flow through thy hills of gold. 
happy land, illustrious one, 
Richest, brightest clime that be, 
No land, no state beneath the sun, 
In all God's wide dominions free, 
Acquires wealth so fast as thee. 

JaMe .— %\t Cofrrfow Ulan. 

A poor, covetous wretch, who had scraped together a good parcel of money, went 
and dug a hole in one of his fields and hid it. The great pleasure of his life was, 
to go and look upon his treasure, once a day at least; which one of his servants 
observing, and guessing there was something more than ordinary in the place, 
came at night, found it, and carried it off. The next day, returning as usual to 
the scene of his delight, and perceiving it had been ravished away from him, he 
tore his hair for grief, and uttered the doleful complaint of his despair to the woods 
and meadows. At last, a neighbor of his, who knew his temper, overhearing him, 
and being informed of the occasion of his sorrow, " Cheer up, man," says he, " thou 
hast lost nothing ; there is the hole for thee to go and peep at still, and if thou 
canst but fancy the money there, it will do just as well." 


Of all the appetites to which human nature is subject, none is so strong, so lasting, 
and, at the same time, so unaccountable, as that of avarice. Our other desires gen- 
erally cool and slacken at the approach of old age; but this flourishes under gray 
hairs, and triumphs amid impotence and infirmity. All our other longings have 
something to be said in excuse for them, let them be at what time of life soever. 
But it is above reason, and, therefore, truly incomprehensible, why a man should 
be passionately fond of money, only for the sake of gazing upon it. 




859,523 WHITES. 
,112 SLAVES. 


{ 859,5 
( 287,1 




THROUGH thee the loveliest rivers glide, 

Enriching thee on every side. 

No truer hearts a state can boast, 

No fairer maidens love can toast. 

Each rill of thine is dear to me, 

Sweet land, my native Tennessee. 

So long as life this heart shall warm, 

E'er to thee my thoughts will turn, 

Emblem of the Eternal One.* 

* Trinity in Unity, three states by natural divisions, yet one in fact. 

gvMt,— %\t fall mti> % (goat. 

The bull being pursued by tbe lion, made toward a cave, in which he designed 
to secure himself ; but was opposed just at the entrance by a goat, who had got 
possession before him, and threatening a kind of defiance with his horns, seemed 
resolved to dispute the pass with him. The bull, who thought he had no time to lose 
in a contest of this nature, immediately made off again, but told the goat that it 
was not for fear of him or his defiances, " For," says he, " if the lion was not so 
near, I would soon make you know the difference between a bull and a goat." 


It is very inhuman to deny succor and comfort to people in tribulation ; but to 
insult them, and add to the weight of their misfortunes, is something superlatively 
brutish and cruel. There is, however, in the world, a sort of wretches of this vile 
temper, that wait for an opportunity of aggravating their neighbor's affliction, and 
defer the execution of their evil inclinations until they can do it to the best ad- 
vantage. If any one labors under an expensive lawsuit, lest he should escape 
from that, one of these gentlemen will take care to arrest him in a second action; 
hoping at least, to keep him at bay, while the more powerful adversary attacks 
him on the other side. One can not consider this temper without observing some- 
thing remarkably cowardly in it ; for these whiffling antagonists never begin their 
encounter until they are sure the person they aim at is already overmatched. 





631,710 WHITES. 
',065 SLAVES. 


C 531,7 
(_ 109,0 



sKdORNED with fields of cotton white, 
Realm of wealth and realm of light, 
Keeping step with states that be 
Allied to all the brave and free. 
New, yet firm and brave she stands, 
Supporting those who till her lands; 
And from men beyond the sea 
She buys her coffee, spice, and tea. 

fables. — $P*atfr ani> Cupib. 

Cupid, one sultry summer's noon, tired with play, and faint with heat, went into 
a cool grotto to repose himself, which happened to be the cave of Death. He threw 
himself carelessly down on the floor, and his quiver turning topsy turvy, all the 
arrows fell out, and mingled with those of Death, which lay scattered up and down 
the place. When he awoke, he gathered them up as well as he could, but they 
were so intermingled, that though he knew the certain number, he could not rightly 
distinguish them ; from whence it happened, that he took up some of the arrows 
which belonged to Death, and left several of his own in the room of them. This 
is the cause that we, now and then, see the hearts of the old and decrepit transfixed 
with the bolts of Love; and with equal grief and surprise, behold the youthful, 
blooming part of our species smitten with the darts of Death. 

%\t Crumpder fahw prisoner. 

A trumpeter being taken prisoner, in a battle, begged hard for quarters, declar- 
ing his innocence, and protesting that he neither had, nor could kill any man, 
bearing no arms, but only his trumpet, which he was obliged to sound at the word 
of command. For that reason, replied his enemies, are we determined not to spare 
you ; for though you yourself never fight, yet with that wicked instrument of yours, 
you blow up animosity between other people, and so are the occasion of much 







( 1,085,590 WHITES. 
( 113,619 SLAVES. 


tMU-OST rich and free, we find in thee 
Industrious men of high degree ; 
Some till the land, while others stand 
Secure from storm, with staff in hand, 
Obliging those who seek for clothes, 
Umbrella's verse or prose. 
Really we are glad to see 
Important men reside in thee. 

A mule, which was fed well, and worked little, grew fat and wanton, and frisked 
about very notably. "And why should not I run as well as the best of them ?" 
says he ; " it is well known I had a horse to my father, and a very good racer he 
was." Soon after this, his master took him out, and being upon urgent business, 
whipped and spurred the mule, to make him put forward; who, beginning to tire 
upon the road, changed his note, and said to himself: "Ah, where is the horse's 
blood you boasted of but now ? I am sorry to say it, friend, but indeed your worthy 
sire was an ass, and not a horse." 


However high their blood may beat, one may venture to affirm those to be but 
mongrels and asses in reality who make a bustle about their genealogy. If some 
in the world should be vain enough to think they can derive their pedigree from 
one of the old Roman families, and being otherwise destitute of merit, would fain 
draw some from thence, it might not be improper upon such an occasion, to put 
them in mind that Romulus, the first founder of that people, was base born, and 
the body of his subjects made up of outlaws, murderers, and felons, the scum and 
offscouring of the neighboring nations, and that they propagated their descendants 
by rapes. 

As a man truly great shines sufficiently bright of himself, without wanting to be 
emblazoned by a splendid ancestry, so they whose lives are eclipsed by foulness 
of obscurity, instead of showing to advantage, look but the darker for being placed 
in the same line with their illustrious forefathers. 





920,077 WHITES. 

( 920,077 W 

I 225,490 SI 



SsiNOWN as a brave and farming state, 
Entertaining, rich, and great, 
Nursing men whose fame is known 
To every land from zone to zone. 
Unfailing are thy sparkling waters, 
Confiding, too, thy sons and daughters; 
Kindly marching side by side, 
Yet free from vain and foolish pride. 

JsMe.— t \t ©aigte, % Cat, anir % ^ofo. 

An eagle had built her nest upon the top branches of an oak. A wild cat inhabited 
a hole in the middle, and in the hollow part, at the bottom, was a sow, with a whole 
litter of pigs. A happy neighborhood ; and might long have continued so had it 
not been for the wicked insinuations of the designing cat. For, first of all, up she 
crept to the eagle ; " And, good neighbor," says she, " we shall all be undone ; that 
filthy sow yonder does nothing but lie rooting at the foot of the tree; and, as I 
suspect, intends to grub it up, that she may the more easily come at our young 
ones. For my part, I will take care of my own concerns ; you may do as you 
please ; but I will watch her motions, though I stay at home this month for it." 
When she had said this, which could not fail of putting the eagle in a great fright, 
down she went, and made a visit to the sow at the bottom ; and putting on a sor- 
rowful face, " I hope," says she, " you do not intend to go abroad to-day." " Why 
not ?" says the sow. " Nay," replies the other, " you may do as you please ; but I 
overheard the eagle tell her young ones, that she would treat them with a pig, the 
first time she saw you go out; and I am not sure but she may take up with a kit- 
ten in the mean time ; so, good-morrow to you; you will excuse me, I must go and 
take care of the little folks at home." Away she went accordingly; and by con- 
triving to steal out softly at nights for her prey, and to stand watching and peeping 
all day at her hole, as under great concern, she made such an impression upon 
the eagle and the sow, that neither of them dared venture abroad, for fear of the 
other. The consequence of which was, that themselves and their young ones, in a 
little time, were all starved, and made prize of by the treacherous cat and her 




POPULATION IN 1860, 2,3. r >0,802. 



ETHODOX from days of youth, 
Holding firmly to the truth ; 
Industrious and in wealth abound, 
Outshining every state around. 

.Jfable. — 5Hje Jfrogs bcsiring n Jlwg. 

The frogs, living an easy free life everywhere among the lakes and ponds, assem- 
bled together one day in a very tumultuous manner, and petitioned Jupiter to give 
them a king, who might inspect their morals, and make them live a little honester. 
Juj^iter being at that time in pretty good humor, was pleased to laugh heartily at 
their ridiculous request; and throwing a little log down into the pool, cried, "There 
is a king for you." The sudden splash which this made by its fall into the water 
at first terrified them so exceedingly that they were afraid to come near it. But 
in a little time, seeing it lay without moving, they ventured, by degrees, to approach 
it; and, at last, finding there was no danger, they leaped upon it, and, in short, 
treated it as familiarly as they pleased. But not content with so insipid a king 
as this was, they sent their deputies to petition again for another sort of one ; for 
this they neither did nor could like. Upon that, he sent them a stork, who, without 
any ceremony, fell a devouring and eating them up, one after another, as fast as 
he could. Then they applied themselves privately to Mercury, and got him to 
speak to Jupiter in their behalf, that he would be so good as to bless them again 
with another king, or restore them to their former state. "No," says he, " since it 
was their own choice, let the obstinate wretches suffer the punishment due to their 


It is pretty extraordinary to find a fable of this kind finished with so bold, and 
yet polite a turn by Phsedrus : one who attained his freedom by the favor of Augus- 
tus, and wrote in the time of Tiberius ; who were, successively, tyrannical usurpers 
of the Roman government. If we may take his word for it, JSsop spoke it upon 
this occasion: When the commonwealth of Athens flourished under good, whole- 
some laws of its own enacting, they relied so much on the security of their liberty, 
that they negligently suffered it to run out into licentiousness; and factions hap- 
pening to be fomented among them hy designing people, much about the same time, 
Pisistratus took that opportunity to make himself master of their citadel and liberties 
both together. The Athenians, finding themselves in a state of slavery, though 
their tyrant happened to be a very merciful one, yet could not bear the thoughts 
of it; so that JEsop, where there was no remedy, prescribes them patience, by 
example of the foregoing fable; and adds, at last: "Wherefore, my dear country- 
men, be contented with yoitr present condition, bad as it is, for /car a change would be for 
the worse." 



POPULATION IN I860, 7.370,802. 




j|2F foes invade thee day or night, 
Newly plumed with weapons bright, 
Disperse their ranks, and make them stand 
In awe of those who till thy land, 
And those who are from vices free. 
Now bid them come that they may see 
A noble race of men in thee. 

JabU.— % go* m % fflttll. 

A Pox having fallen into a well, made a shift, by sticking his claws into the sides, 
to keep his head above the water. Soon after, a wolf came and peeped over the 
brink ; to whom the fox applied himself very earnestly for assistance ; entreating 
that he would help him to a rope, or something of that kind, which might favor 
his escape. The wolf, moved with compassion at his misfortune, could not forbear 
expressing his concern. " Ah 1 poor Reynard," says he, " I am sorry for you with 
all my heart; how could you possibly come into this melancholy condition?" 
" Nay, prythee, friend," replies the fox, " if you wish me well, do not stand pitying 
of me, but lend me some s-uccor as fast as you can,- for pity is but cold comfort 
when one is up to the chin in water, and within a hair's breadth of starving or 


Pity, indeed, is, of itself, but poor comfort at any time; and unless it produces 
something more substantial, is rather impertinently troublesome, than any way 
agreeable. To stand bemoaning the misfortunes of our friends without offering 
some expedient to alleviate them, is only echoing to their grief, and putting them 
in mind that they are miserable. He is truly my friend, who with a ready pres- 
ence of mind supports me; not he who condoles with me upon my ill-succeas, and 
saya he is very sorry for my loss. In short, a favor or obligation is doubled by 
being well timed ; and he is the best benefactor who knows our necessities, and 
complies with our wishes, even before We ask him. 




POPULATION IN 1SGO, 1,691,238. 



3B HAVE felt some of thy joys, I have seen some of thy trees, 

Lofty and towering, yet lashed by the breeze 

Like saplings and bushes, I have seen them whirl round 

In their pride and their glory, and fall to the ground. 

Not many hard storms, though, pass over thee, 

Of none have I heard but the one seen by me; 

I never, I never shall forget that hard blast 

So long as I live, or memory shall last. 

(fabb— ©be ©oat anb tlje Ifitw. 

Thk lion, seeing the goat upon a steep, craggy rock, where he could not come at 
him, asked him what delight he could take to skip from one precipice to another, 
all day, and venture the breaking of his neck every moment. " I wonder," says 
he, "you won't come down and feed upon the plain here, where there is such 
plenty of good grass, and fine sweet herbs." "Why," replies the goat, " I can not 
but say your opinion is right; but you look so very hungry and designing, that to 
tell the truth, I do not care to venture my person where you are." 


Advice, though good in itself, is to be suspected when it is given by a tricking ; 
self-interested man. Perhaps we should take upon ourselves, not only a very great, 
but unnecessary trouble, if we were to suspect every man who goes to advise us. 
But this, however, is necessary : that when we have reason to question any one in 
point of honor and justice, we not only consider well before we suffer ourselves to 
be persuaded by him, but even resolve to have nothing to do in any affair where 
such treacherous, slippery sparks are concerned, if we can avoid it without much 




POPULATION IN I860, 754,291. 



"diXi ANY rays from glory are shining on thee, 

In their beauty and splendor, still thousands we see, 

Consisting of men and women most true, 

Hastening with gladness thy scenery to view. 

In thy rich mines of copper, and fields of sweet green, 

Great numbers of men may daily be seen 

At work, and delighted on thy soil to dwell, 

Newly settled with beings who love thee so well. 

tHcral Jfrsson.— fjofo Jo merfrafe a fffople. 

Whes Cyrus received intelligence that the Lydians bad revolted from him, he 
told Croesus, with a good deal of emotion, that he had almost determined to make 
them all slaves. Croesus begged him to pardon them ; " But," said he, " that they 
may no more rebel or be troublesome to you, command them to lay aside their 
arms, to Wear long vests and buskins ; that is, to vie with each other in the rich- 
ness and elegance of their dress. Order them to drink, and sing, and play, and 
you will soon see their spirits broken, and themselves changed to the effeminacy 
of woman, so that they Will no more rebel, or give you any uneasiness." The 
advice was followed, and the result proved how judicious it Was for the conqueror, 
and how sterling qualities and energy of character may be enervated and under- 
mined when external accomplishments take the first place in a person's estima- 

§htrttcralw anb ilje S?jjihr's 521 eb. 

Dukijtg the horrible massacre of St. Bartholomew at Paris, by which so many 
thousands of Christians were perfidiously and cruelly -butchered, the celebrated 
Moulin crept into an oven, over the mouth of which a spider immediately wove 
its web. When the enemies of the Christians inspected the premises, they passed 
by the oven without examination, saying, that it was plain no one could have been 
there for some days. 




POPULATION IN I860, 708,485. 


AKE, all men, come everything, 
In mutual concert join and sing; 
Sing of her plains, and hills of red, 
Containing mines of copper and lead. 
Old and young should on her gaze, 
Never ceasing her to praise. 
Sing of her rills and fertile hills, 
Increasing with men, increasing with wealth 
Noted for game, for scenery and health. 

A lion, by accident, laid his paw upon a poor innocent mouse. The frightened 
little creature, imagining she was going to be devoured, begged hard for her life; 
urged that clemency was the fairest attribute of power, and earnestly entreated his 
majesty not to stain his illustrious paws with the blood of so insignificant an animal ; 
upon which the lion very generously set her at liberty. It happened, a few 
days afterward, that the lion, ranging for his prey, fell into the toils of the 

The mouse heard his roarings, knew the voice of her benefactor, and, immediately 
repairing to his assistance, gnawed in pieces the meshes of the net ; and, by deliver- 
ing her preserver, convinced him that there is no creature so much below another, 
but may have it in his power to return a good office. 


We are often indebted to the meanest creatures for the most valuable serv- 


'T is pity, Bounty had not eyes behind ; 

That Man might ne'er be wretched for his Mind. — Shakspeark. 




POPULATION IN 1860, 602(302, 



llMPAKTING wealth to every clime, 
On thy name we love to rhyme; 
We love thy streams, and love to view 
All thy hills, and valleys, too. 

$uhk— % SKolf nnb i\t f amb. 

One hot, sultry day, a wolf and a lamb happened to come just at the same time, 
to quench their thirst in the stream of a clear silver brook, that ran tumbling down 
the side of a rocky mountain. The wolf stood upon the higher ground, and the 
lamb at some distance from him down the current. However, the wolf, having a 
mind to pick a quarrel with him, asked him what he meant by disturbing the water, 
and making it somuddy that he could not drink ; and, at the same time, demanded 
satisfaction. The lamb, frightened at this threatening charge, told him, in a tone 
as mild as possible, that with humble submission, he could not conceive how that 
could be; since the water which he drank ran down from the wolf to him, and, 
therefore, could not be disturbed so far up the stream. " Be that as it will," replies 
the wolf, " you are a rascal, and I have been told that you treated me with ill-lan- 
guage behind my back, about half a year ago." " Upon my word," says the lamb, 
" the time you mention was before I was born." The wolf, finding it to no purpose 
to argue any longer against truth, fell into a great passion, snarling and foaming 
at the mouth as if he had been mad ; and, drawing nearer to the lamb, " Sirrah," 
says he, " if it was not you, it was your father, and that i3 all one." So he seized 
the poor, innocent, helpless thing, tore it to pieces, and made a meal of it. 


The thing which is pointed at in this fable is so obvious, that it will be imperti- 
nent to multiply words about it. When a cruel, ill-natured man has a mind to 
abuse one inferior to himself, either in power or courage, though he has not given 
the least occasion for it, how does he resemble the wolf, whose envious, rapacious 
temper could not bear to see innocence live quietly in its neighborhood. In short, 
whenever ill people are in power, innocence and integrity are sure to be persecuted ; 
the more vicious the community is, the better countenance they have for their own 
villainous measures ; to practice honesty in bad times, is being liable to suspicion 
enough ; but if any one should dare to prescribe it, it is ten to one but he would be 
impeached of high crimes and misdemeanors,- for to stand up for justice in a de- 
generate, corrupt state, is tacitly to upbraid the government, and seldom fails of 
pulling down vengeance upon the head of him that offers to stir in its defense. 
Where cruelty and malice are in combination with power, nothing is so easy as for 
them to find a pretense to tyrannize over innocence, and exercise all manner of 





POPULATION IN I860, 172,793. 




tJiSiOST level, healthy, fertile state 
In thee Itasca Lake doth rise, 
Now the head of the longest stream 
Ever seen beneath the skies. 
Some Indians, too, now live in thee, 
On thy hills and plains around, 
Though, 'tis strange, there are but few 
Among those tribes who till the ground. 

• (fable. — @% $o* anb % Crofo. 

A crow, having stolen a piece of cheese from a cottage-window, flew up into a 
high tree with it, in order to eat it ; which the fox observing, came and sat under- 
neath, and began to compliment the crow upon the subject of her beauty: "I 
protest," says he, " I never observed it before, but your feathers are more of a 
delicate white than any that I ever saw in my life! Ah ! what a fine shape and 
graceful turn of body is there ! and I dare say you have a beautiful voice. If it be 
but as fine as your complexion, I do uot know a bird that can pretend to stand in 
competition with you." 

The crow, tickled with this very civil language, nestled and wriggled about, and 
hardly knew where she was ; but thinking the fox a little dubious as to the partic- 
ular of her voice, and having a mind to set him right in that matter, she began 
to sing, and, at the same instant, let the cheese drop out of her mouth. This being 
what the fox wanted, he snapped it up in a moment, and trotted away, laughing 
to himself at the easy credulity of the crow. 


It is a maxim in the schools, 
" That flattery's the food of fools ;" 
And whoso likes such airy meat, 
Will soon have uothine; else to eat. 




POPULATION IN 18G0, 52,5G6. 



*wF thy Indians to tell, 

Representing each yell, 

Especially where they in numbers retreat ; 

Great variety of clime ; 

On all did we rhyme, 

Never could we our verses complete. 

Hlorat lesson. — Jfwtjjer $SEarfm anir % fjomtjj JTafoger. 

We heard an anecdote of this distinguished lawyer, a few days ag">, which we 
remember to have met with in print, but which is so good that it will do to tell 

Martin was on one occasion riding to Annapolis, in a stage coach, in which was 
. a solitary companion, a young lawyer, just commencing the practice of law. After 
some familiar conversation, the young gentleman said : 

" Sir, you have been remarkably successful in your profession — few have gained 
so many cases — will you be good enough to communicate to me, a beginner, the 
secret of your wondrous success ?" 

" I '11 do it, young man, on one condition, and that is, that you defray my expenses 
during my stay of a few days at Annapolis." 

"Willingly," replied the young man, hoping thereby to profit greatly by the 

"The secret of my success," said Martin, "may be discovered in this advice 
which I now give you, namely : 'Deny everything, and insist upon proof.' " 

On reaching Annapolis, Luther Martin was not very self-denying in the enjoy- 
ment presented by a fine hotel; the substantial and general refreshments were 
dispatched in a manner quite gratifying to mine host. The time for return at length 
came. The young man and Martin stood together at the bar, demanded their re- 
spective bills. 

Martin's was enormous, but on glancing at it, he quietly handed it to the young 
lawyer, who, running his eye over it, leisurely returned it with the utmost gravity. 

" Do n't you intend to pay it? " said Martin. 

"Pay what?" said the young lawyer. 

" Why, pay this bill. Did you not promise, on the route downward, that you 
would defray my expenses at the hotel ? " 

"My dear sir," said the young gentleman, "I deny everything, and insist upon 

Martin at once saw that he was caught, and eyeing his young friend a moment 
or two, he said, pleasantly, " You do n't need any counsel from me, young man— 
you do n't need any counsel from me." 




2\EEP all thy men as in thy hand, 
And make them fight at thy command ; 
No longer suffering them to be 
Shedding blood, disgracing thee. 
Arise, and in Jehovah's trust, 
Subdue and grind thy foes to dust. 

POPULATION IN 1860, 143,015. 

#afak— % Pan bit b n Dog. 

A man who had been sadly torn by a dog, was advised by some old woman, as 
a cure, to dip a piece of bread in the wound, and give it to the cur that bit him. 
He did so; and iEsop happening to. pass by just at the same time, asked him what he 
meant by it? The man informed him. " Why then," says JEsop, "do it as pri- 
vately as you can, I beseech you ; for if the rest of the dogs of the town were to see 
you, we should all be eat up alive by them." 


Nothing contributes so much to the increase of roguery, as when the undertak- 
ings of a rogue are attended with success. If it were not for fear of punishment, a 
great part of mankind, who now make a shift to keep themselves honest, would 
appear great villains ; but, if criminals, instead of meeting with punishment, were, 
by having been such, to attain honor and preferment, our natural inclinations to 
mischief would be improved, and we should be wicked out of emulation. 



Occupying the extreme northwest portion of the United States of North America. 
It is bounded on the north by the Straits of Juan de Fuca, which separates it from 
Vancouver's Island and British America, east by the Rocky Mountains, south 
by Oregon, (the Columbia River forming about half the boundary line,) and west 
by the Pacific Ocean. It lies (with the exception of a small bend in the Columbia 
River, between 46°-49° north lat., and between 110°-125° west Ion., being about 
six hundred miles in its greatest length from north to west, 

AS named for one George Washington, 
A man who made the British run ; 
States that be from sea to sea, 
His praises sing while ages flee. 
In that far land, on every hand, 
Numerous things our praise demand. 
Great streams descend, and o'er them bend 
Tall trees, that do their banks defend. 
Of all thy hills, thy plains and rills, 
No one can tell, so fare-thee-well. 

J'able. — %hz |ackbafa nub pigeons. 

A jackdaw, observing that the pigeons in a certain dove-cote lived well, and 
wanted for nothing, white-washed his feathers like a dove, and went and lived 
among them. The pigeons, not distinguishing him as long as he kept silent, for- 
bore to give him any disturbance. But at last he forgot his character, and began 
to chatter; by which the pigeons discovering what he was, Hew upon him, and 
drove him back to the jackdaws again. They not knowing him in his discolored 
feathers, drove him away likewise ; so that he, who had endeavored to be more than 
he had a right to, was not permitted to be anything at all. 

Impostors are sure to betray themselves. 





POPULATION IN 1800, 50,000. 


NWEARYING in thy efforts be 
To join thyself to states now free. 
As happy as the sun that sheds 
His rays on our devoted heads. 

UToral |Tesso«. — S&fjat ^cxstbttmxtt foili ^tcomplisjj. 

About forty years ago, in the woods near the line between Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky, stood a log cabin, sixteen feet by eighteen, which was occupied by a father 
and a mother with some ten or twelve children, and among them was the hero of 
our sketch. In his infancy he was fed on corn and hominy, bear-meat, and the 
flesh of such wild animals as were caught in the woods. 

At twelve years of age he was put out to work with a neighbor, as a farm-boy. 
He drove oxen, hoed corn, and raised tobacco in the summer, and cured it in the 
winter, till he was seventeen years old. Then he learned to make brick. To this 
he added the profession of a carpenter ; and by these successive steps in mechani- 
cal arts he became able, by his unassisted skill, to raise a house from a clay-pit, or 
from the stump, and complete it in all its parts. He could do it, too, in a manner 
that none of his competitors could surpass. 

His panel-doors are the wonder and admiration of the country, in which they 
continue to swing on hinges. He never saw the inside of a school-house or church, 
till after he was eighteen years old. Having achieved the valuable acquisitions of 
reading and writing, by the aid of another, all his other education has been the 
fruit of his own application and perseverance. 

At the age of twenty-two he conceived the idea of fitting himself for the practice 
of law. He at first procured an old copy of Blackstone, and having, after the close 
of his daily labors, by nightly studies over a pitch-knot in his log-cabin, mastered 
the contents of that compendium of common law, he pursued his researches into 
other elementary works. 

Having thus, by great diligence, acquired the rudiments of his profession, he 
met with an old lawyer who had left the practice, or whose practice had left him, 
with whom he made a bargain for his secretary and library, for which he was to 
pay him one hundred and twenty dollars in carpenter work. The chief part of 
the job to be done in payment for these old, musty books, was dressing and laying 
down a floor at three dollars per square often feet. 

The library paid for, our hero dropped the adze, plane, and trowel, and we soon 
after hear of him as one of the most prominent members of the Mississippi bar, 
and an able statesman and orator. " I heard him one day," says one, " make two 
speeches in succession, each of three hours' length, to the same audience, and not a 
movement testified any weariness on the part of a single auditor ; and during his 
delivery, the assembly seemed swayed by the orator as weeds before the wind." 

That poor farm-boy became a member of Congress from Mississippi. His name 
is Patrick W. Tompkins. He is a self-made man, and his history shows what an 
humble boy can do when he is determined to try. 


This territory was detached from Minnesota in 1857. It lies south of British America 
and east of Nebraska, from which it is separated by the Missouri River. 

1$ ABKENING sea, 

And shadows flee, 

Keep thy sons from vices free; 

Of joys unknown 

To them be shown, 

And may live for God alone. 

<f able— % $ogs anb tbt Jfrogs. 

On the margin of a large lake, which was inhabited by a great number of frog3, 
a company of boys happened to be at play. Their diversion was duck and drake ; 
and whole volleys of stones were thrown into the water, to the great annoyance 
and danger of the poor terrified frogs. At length, one of the most hardy, lifting 
up his head above the surface of the lake: " Ahl dear children !" said he, " why 
will ye learn so soon to be cruel ? Consider, I beseech you, that though this may 
be sport to you, it is death to us." 

A noble mind disdains to gain 
Its pleasure from another's pain. 


Ah me 1 full sorely is my heart forlorn 

To think how modest Worth neglected lies, 

While partial Fame doth with her blasts adorn 
Such deeds alone as Pride and Pomp disguise, 
Deeds of ill sort, and mischievous emprise. — Shknstosf. 


A portion of the tract acquired from Mexico by the treaties of 1848 and 1854, extends 
from 31° 20' to 38° north lat., and from 103° to 117° west Ion., being about 700 
miles in extreme length from east to west, and about 470 miles in breadth from 
north to south, including an area of 207,007 square miles. It is bounded north 
by Utah and Kansas, east by Kansas and Indian Territory and Texas, south by 
Texas and Mexico, and west by California. 

%%0 doubt to men a good retreat, 
Ever give them bread to eat, 
While thy praises they repeat. 
May thy towns and cities grow 
Ever fast, and stand before 
Xenia town, of great renown. 
In thee is wealth, in thee is game, 
Cattle wild and cattle tame, 
One-half of which we can not name. 

<$able — Z\t Crofo mxb % fitter. 

A crow, ready to die with thirst, flew with joy to a pitcher, which he beheld at 
some distance. When he came, he found water in it indeed, but so near the 
bottom, that, with all his stooping and straining he was not able to reach it. 
Then he endeavored to overturn the pitcher, that so at least he might be able to 
get a little of it; but his strength was not sufficient for this. At last, seeing some 
pebbles lie near the place, he cast them, one by one, into the pitcher; and thus, 
by degrees, raised the water up to the very brim, and satisfied his thirst. 


Necessity is the mother of invention ; and that which can not be accomplished 
by strength may be achieved by ingenuity. 



Is the largest and most extensive division of the United States, being one-half larger 
than the State of Texas. It was organized by Congress in the year 1854. It 
includes the whole of the late Missouri Territory, besides a portion of the Indian 
Territory, and extends northward from latitude 40° to 49°, and westward from the 
Missouri River to the Rocky Mountains. 

5Sf EWLY settled, 

Enriched with fountains, 

Bounded by 

Plough hills and mountains, 

And some of them 

So very high, 

Kiss every cloud, 

As passing by. 

Jfablc. — ®bc §Ucjlcr anb Ibc |Tittlc <fisb. 

A man was angling in a river, and caught a small perch, which, as he was taking 
off the hook, and going to put it into his basket, opened its mouth, and began to 
implore his pity, begging that he would throw it into the river again. Upon the 
man's demanding what reason he had to expect such a favor? " Why," says the 
fish, " because at present I am but young and little, and consequently not so well 
worth your while, as I shall be if you take me some time hence, when I am grown 
larger." "That may be," replies the man; "but I am not one of those fools who 
quit a certainty in expectation of an uncertainty." 


The Rose is fairest when 't is budding new, 
And Hope is brightest when it dawns from fears ; 

The Rose is sweetest washed with morning dew, 

And Lovo is loveliest when embalmed in tears. — Scott. 

nn iff. 


■mis «!.§ SBiitfls 

1 er 

2PIII0B, to the first war he lived in our land, 

And was foremost of all to take a bold stand 

To oppose oppression ; and the first that we see 

Resolving from Britain to set us all free. 

In our defense his speeches We hear ; 

Coming from one with vision so clear, 

King George, as he read them, did tremble and fear. 

He labored and struggled to set us all free, 
Exclaiming, Give freedom or death unto me, 
Naught else will serve my purpose, said he. 
Resolving thus, in the sequel we read, 
Young and old from fetters were freed. 



¥^ ¥ f 


Is justly celebrated for leaving an immense estate, the best of friends, and, above all, 
a beloved wife, to fight the battles of a strange people in a far-off country. This 
generous act will render his name immortal. He was born in France, September, 
1757, and died at Lagrange, in 1830, and now lies buried in France, near Paris, 
sleeping between his heroic wife and beloved daughter. 

tllfwl'Y song and praise shall be of one 
Among the greatest mortals, who, 
Regarding us when struggling hard, 
Quickly to our succor flew. 
Undesigning in all he done, 
Intrepid, wise, and generous man, 
Soon for himself bright laurels won. 
Disinterested here he came 
Equipped with armor shining bright, 
Leading forth his soldiers, who, 
At his expense, came here to fight. 
For us he fought, was wounded, too, 
And for our cause did suffer pain ; 
Yet, soon as he recovered strength, 
Enlisted in the war again. 
The sun and moon will first grow dim, 
The concave melt, the planets fall, 
E'er men will cease to reverence him. 

fftoral JTcsson. — Reason for Singnlaritg. 

A celebrated old general used to dress in a fantastic manner, by way of making 
himself belter known. It is true, people would say, " Who is that old fool ?" But 

it is also true, that the answer was, " That is the famous General , who took 

such or such a place." 




HEN fighting for us no toil seemed mean, 
In the flash of his eye his courage was seen, 
Nations looked on him with awe and with fright, 
Fearing to come in the range of his sight. 
In youth and in age his virtues did shine, 
Emboldened by them he walked in a line 
Leading to victories, to peace, and content, 
Defeating our foes wherever he went. 

Suffice it to say, he never did yield ; 
Confronting our foes, he courage revealed; 
Over thousands he trod, who refusing to fly 
The dint of his sword, when the flash of his eye 
Told them that death and destruction were nigh. 


km% llfmj 


^ENCEFORTH we are of him bereft, 

Of him who won a name 

No other mortal man has left 

On these low shores of fame. 

Rising from youth to fame and might, 

And with the wise and great, 

Benign he labored, day and night, 

Long grievance to abate, 

Endeared to us and deep in thought, 

He did his wit display, 

Even those men his ruin sought 

No harm of him could say. 

Refuting every doctrine bad, 

Yet craving not a name, 

Calm, and in his right mind clad, 

Leaped up to wealth and fame. 

At Washington he passed away, 

Yet his fame will ne'er decay. 

^fable. — &be falconer unb the |l;utribgr. 

A PAt.coNKR having token a partridge in his nets, the bird begged hard for a 
reprieve, and promised the man, if he would let him go, to decoy other partridges 
into his net. " No," replies the Falconer, " I was before determined not to spare you, 
but now you have condemned yourself by your own words; for he who is such 
a scoundrel as to oiler to betray his friends to save himself, deserves, if possible, 
worse than death." 



S$f IS race Is run, his work is done, 

Our statesman and our friend; 

No more will we his features see, 

Or to his speech attend. 

Rich and poor his loss deplore, 

And we that loved him well 

Bewail the day he passed away, 

Leaving us in tears to dwell. 

Earth's fleeting breath was lost in death. 

Descending to the tomb, 

Around his grave bright laurels wave, 

Ne'er may they cease to bloom. 

In circles high death's arrows fly, 

Each one bringeth sorrow; 

Life's fleeting ray did pass away, 

When death he hurled his arrow. 

Equaled by few we ever, ever knew, 

Brilliant the road he trod, 

Serene in death, gave back his breath 

To Christ, his mighty God. 

Earth felt the blow when he sunk low; 

Refulgent still his virtues glow. 




UDICIOUS and wise, wherever he went, 
On doing his duty he seemed to be bent ; 
He labored and struggled, yet never repined, 
Nor thought of the joys for the faithful designed. 
Concerning his greatness our Congress can tell, 
Commenting on one who loved us so well, 
And desired to see us grow mighty and strong, 
Like hills and firm mountains, defying all wrong. 
His singleness of heart, the loss of our choice 
Our tongues can best tell, since we hear not his voice 
Urging us all like soldiers to stand, 
Nerved for the dangers which threaten our land. 



SllGH-MINDED, noble man is he, 
Observe his walk, ye brave and free ; 
Now view the man that seeks to do 
Our country's will, and Maker's, too. 
Repeat his fame and spread it o'er 
Each distant land, while rich and poor 
Declare his worth, and all agree 
John is the man to rule the free ; 
Offend him not, ye sons of earth ; 
He speaks and we behold his worth. 
Nor will we fear no galling chains 
So long as he on earth remains. 
Pond'rous are his words, and pure, 
He feeds the rich, he feeds the poor; 
Embracing all, in him we find 
Learning, truth, and love combined, 
Proclaiming worth, as on he goes, 
Suppressing crimes, defying foes. 



Christopher Columbus was a native of Genoa, and died at Valladolid, in the year 
1506, being about seventy years old. But this great man was unjustly deprived 
of the honor of giving his name to this continent by Americcs Vespccius, a native 
of Florence, who claimed the honor of being the first discoverer of the main land. 

Commissioned by the king of Spain, 

He did a fleet of ships prepare; 

Rejoicing, westward he set sail 

In search of land he knew not where. 

Some asserted he would find 

The ocean deep, a boundless main ; 

Others, by sailing west it would 

Prevent his coming back again. 

Hopeful still he kept his course, 

Ere long our glorious land he sees, 

Rich, and covered o'er with trees. 

Confirmed in what he thought was true, 
Our lovely land he bids farewell ; 
Leaving this with joy he went 
Unto his own the news to tell. 
Men soon flocked here from every clime, 
Both young and old, the rich and poor, 
Until we see this happy land 
Scattered now with cities o'er. 




SloT WITHSTANDING the Bourbons had set a price upon 

his head, 
And though our hero knew it, of them he had no dread; 
Perceiving everywhere, as on he did advance, 
Old veterans all desired to make him king of France; 
Like thunder peals from heaven, the people shout around, — 
" Emperor live forever, and put the Bourbons down ! " 
On his cheeks they printed their kisses warm and true, 
National Guards and volunteers all to his succor flew, 
Because they looked upon him, and on their rightful king, 
Owning him as worthy, did of his victories sing; 
Not fearing but he was able to succor the distressed, 
And lift the yoke of bondage from brothers sore oppressed. 
Passing on and onward, our hero shortly stands 
Among the streets of Paris, with victory in his hands; 
Revived were all the people, and through the livelong night, 
Ten thousand men were saying, and that with true delight, 
"Emperor live forever, and put thy foes to flight!" 

floral JTtssotT. — Castillo. 

A curious instance of the jealousy to which genius sometimes becomes a victim, 
is to be met with in the case of Castillo, a Spanish artist, distinguished by every 
amiable disposition, and the great painter of Seville. When some of Murillo's 
paintings were shown to him, (who seems to have been his riephew,) he stood in 
meek astonishment before them, and when he recovered his voice, turning away, 
he exclaimed with a sigh: "Castillo is no more!" Returning to his home, the 
stricken genius relinquished his pencil, and pined away in hopelessness. 


Stag! JL ^ktott, 

<£>f Canton, gliss. 

.Sq/EIIE loved while living, loved when dying, 

Our tears now o'er him fall, 

Never yet can we by weeping 

Or by sighing, him recall. 

Regretting much we give him up, 

Evermore to love his name, 

Deserving praise from rich and poor. 

His worth to all we will proclaim, 

Unfettered was his towering mind, 

Grasping not at minor things, 

He lived and died a virtuous man — ■ 

And now above the skies he sings. 

His place on earth no one can fill, 

Lost his friends and country, too, 

And though he sleeps among the dead, 

We love to speak of one so true; 

So searching was his manly eye, 

Of a truth it can be said 

No truer man did ever die. 

Moral JTcsson. — Jpclxal Jlrgarb. 

A youth lamenting the death of an affectionate parent, a friend endeavored to 
console him by saying he had always conducted himself toward the departed ono 
with tenderness and respect. "So I thought," said the other, " while my parent 
Was living ; but now I remember, with shame and deep .sorrow, many instances of 
disobedience and neglect, for which, alas I it is now too lute ever to make any atone- 



|$ $&6to ol di&tfh 

H)HE learned and the wise, 

How we love and we prize 

Each virtue composing their worth ; 

Like angels they shine, 

All lovely, divine, 

Dispelling all darkness from earth ; 

In the days of their youth 

Embracing the truth, 

Soothing the high and the low; 

Observe what we say, 

Eor a moment, we pray; 

Just view them as onward they go, 

Adorning each street, 

Conversing so sweet, 

Kin to the brave and the free; 

Sublime are their ways; 

On them when we gaze, 

No fault nor error we see. 


in. 1|$ prff$i§ o1 S 

UTSHINING all the gems on earth, 
No pen nor tongue can tell their worth; 
They teach us, by example bright, 
Heaven-born, religious light, 
Enabling men to act upright. 
Learned and skilled in everything, 
And when I hear them sweetly sing, 
Delight doth fill my heart; 
I seem as in a trance to be, 
Ethereal joys encompass me; 
Soon time arrives, for home I start — 
One lovelier than the rest I see, 
From her I hate to part; 
Still from her I'm forced to go, 
Plodding all the country o'er, 
Remembering that I am so poor 
It is not wise to tarry ; 
Now could the lady read my heart, 
Glance at it before I start, 
From her I fain would never part ; 
I think she then would marry 
Even one as poor as me. 
Loveliest thing on land or sea, 
Despise me not — farewell to thee* 
My rhyme is done, I soar, I rise 
On wings to meet thee in the skies. 



SURPASSING- in beauty, thy daughters are fair, 
Prudent and worthy of praises they are ; 
Resplendent, industrious, in truth we can trace 
In the eye of each lady, true worth and true grace. 
No groggeries, no drunkards in thee can be found, 
Gladness and joy thy limits surround ; 
From hour to hour, from morning till night, 
In thee can we hear true songs of delight, 
Enrapturing our hearts, endearing thy name ; 
Lead us then on to riches and fame, 
Denouncing; all crime till the exit of time. 

Poral ftssoit— f osmg, but liberal. 

A wealthy merchant having lost by one shipment to the value of fifteen hun- 
dred pounds, ordered his clerks to distribute one hundred pounds among poor 
ministers and people; adding, that if his fortune was going by fifteen hundred 
pounds in a lump, it was high time to secure some part of it before it was gone. 




^RULY kind, 
Hence we find 
Each of them 
Like the moon 
And stars at night, 
Directing ns 
In the ways of right ; 
Each of them 
Shining bright ; 
Offending none, 
Firm and true, 
Conversing free, 
As ladies do; 
Ne'er disposed 
To act amiss, 
Our good they seek, 
No other bliss. 



'OST wealthy men reside in thee, 
Enlarging thee with houses bright, 
More lovely than the stars we see 
Peeping down on us at night. 
How graceful do thy daughters walk, 
In the house or on the street, 
Smiling, wooing, one and all 
Their praises to repeat; 
Entrancing both the young and old, 
Now see them how they shine, 
Neat, and valued more than gold 
Extracted from the mine. 
Scintillations of the skies, 
Sweet specimens of worth, 
Extending their influence wide, 
Even to the ends of earth. 





^sp) ILLED with men of the truest worth, 
A place of wealth, a place of mirth, 
Yielding up to nothing low, 
Enterprising, onward grow; 
Thy schools are good, thy teachers kind, 
Thy daughters virtuous and refined, 
Excelling all the girls that be 
Venturing now to vie with thee ; 
Imparting light to every one, 
Loveliest place beneath the sun, 
Let thy boundaries wide extend, 
Enlarging till the world shall end. 



i_~' --i aS-zaZ-^: ; i'il ."■ 

2P$EVER fearing mortal foe, 
Ever will I fastly grow, 
"While mighty waters by me flow. 
Oppose me not, I love to see 
Resplendent ladies, kind and free, 
Leaving home to visit me; 
Each on me their praise bestow, 
And I feel I 'm bound to grow, 
Never fearing foes to face, 
Soon distant towns I will embrace. 

Poral f esson— $ro%rhr f obt. 

A little boy seeing two nestling birds pecking at each other, inquired of hia 
elder brother what they were doing. "They are quarreling," was the answer. 
"0, no, that can not be," replied the child, "they are brothers." 


Q&titMhi €i% f^m^Ifmuia* 


*^/NWAPJ) march, never lagging, 

Never on thy riches bragging; 

Let thy walls more wide extend, 

And thy sons from harm defend;. 

Never let no foe invade thee, 

Cast out those who would degrade thee; 

And make thy sons and daughters be 

Shining lights anions; the free. 

Though Philadelphia is much longer, 

Enriched with men, perhaps some stronger, 

Regard it not, though thou art smaller. 

Can she boast of houses taller ? 

Is she possessed of ladies fairer? 

Truer? No, we can compare her, 

Yea, and even prove that she 

Possesses few so fair as thee; 

Exquisite in their forms and features, 

No city hath such lovely creatures, 

Nor none possesses better preachers. 

Some few on earth may be more wealthy, 

Yet we know of none so healthy. 

Laurels around thy walls are clinging, 

Virtuous ladies, too, are singing, 

And others working hard, while we 

Now are speaking praising thee. 

Indeed we love no place so well, 

And yet thy worth we fail to tell. 




l&zoo Hifg, 


fioTJNG girls of wealth 
Adorneth thee, 
Zealous hearted, 
Of high, degree, , 
Outshining those we daily see. 
Containing, too, . 
Interesting men, 
The kindest that ever 
Yet raised a pen. 

Hforal Jfessoir— ^ Soft gutsuur iurtuifr afoag Wtnfy. 

The horse of a pious man in Massachusetts happening to stray into the road, a 
neighbor of the man who owned the horse, put him in the pound. Meeting the 
owner soon after, he told him what he had done, and added, " If I ever catch him 
in the road hereafter, I'll do just so again." 

"Neighbor," replied the other, "not long since I looked out of my window in 
the night, and saw your cattle in my mowing-ground, and I drove them out and 
shut them in your yard : I'll do it again I " Struck with the reply, the man lib- 
crated the horse from the pound, and paid the charges himself. 



jpifte at tht fiMjjtat* fttul spring. 

^|yHE lichest and the neatest, the loveliest and the sweetest 

Here we see; 

Each possessing worth, full of life and mirth, 

Laughing free; 

And when we see them walk, or when we hear them talk, 

Delighted are we. 

I wish the world but knew how noble, wise, and true 

Each seems to be, 

Sent as from the skies, to make us truly wise, 

And religious too; 

To soothe their hearts with joy our pen we would employ, 

Though our words be few; 

Handsome girls are they, shining like a heavenly ray, 

Ever true, 

Claiming as a prize a home beyond the skies, 

Hoping for bliss, 

And bidding us to follow, though we are not worth one dollar; 

Let us think of this. 

Yon heaven, which they seek, was made for all the meek, 

Beckoning us away ; 

Each one was made to bless poor beings in distress, 

And, like a ray, 

They cheer us all the while; and when on us they smile, 

Enriched we seem; 

And for each person here we have water good and clear, 

Cooling to drink, 

Increasing as it flows, a balm for earthly woes, 

Do not let it sink. 

So long as time shall glide, and men on earth abide, 

Proclaim its worth; 

Bushing from a hill, though it can not turn a mill, 

It cures the sick ; 

No one should doubt our word, though they have not of it heard; 

Gather round it quick. 



SOURCE of heat and source of light, 
Upholding by thy strength and might 
Numerous seas and planets bright. 

-OUNTED far above the sky, 
Onward rolling, tell us why 
Our eyes they can not see 
ISTo sweet and lovely stream on thee? 

f^EEN through no glass, to the naked eye 
They look like gems set in the sky; 
And yet they are but planets high, 
Revolving round ten thousand suns, 
Swift, yet smooth as water runs. 



COMPOSED of vapors shining bright, 
Of wondrous size, yet harmless light, 
Men view thee as a burning ball, 
Expecting soon to see thee fall 
To this low world and kill us all. 

^UMINOUS, most useful, most lovely to scan, 
It falls directly or obliquely on man, 
Graceful in carriage, and pleasing to behold, 
Highly prized, yea, precious as gold, 
The thine we most need to cheer us when old. 


®i acfenla, Piss. 


HEN men desire to buy fine goods, 
In haste to him they go, 
Loving to patronize the man, 
Loved by the high and low. 
In the country round his worth is felt, 
And while we this proclaim, 
Men and virtuous women, too, 
Feel proud to speak his name. 
Scarce beats a heart that does not love 
The man we praises give, 
And we can say, and truly say, 
No better man doth live; 
So good and kind to all around, 
Bestowing favors, he 
Unconscious wins himself a name 
Resplendent bright. With true delight, 
Ye rich and poor, his goodness see. 

PEoral ITcsson. — (Jfusiabtts #asa. 

One day, wnen Gustavus was in the sixth year of his age, as he was running 
among bushes, his preceptor, to deter him, told him to beware of some large snakes 
which infested them. He unconcernedly answered, " Then give me a stick, and I 
will kill them." His courage was tempered with the most noble generosity. A 
peasant bringing him a small pony, the young prince said to him, " I will pay 
you immediately, for you must want money ;" and pulling out a little purse of 
ducats, he emptied them into the peasant's hands. At twelve he spoke and wrote 
Latin, German, Dutch, French, and Italian with the same fluency and correctness 
as the Swedish, besides understanding the Polish and Russian. 


5HP ISEASED I came, but go from thee 

Once more from pain entirely free, 

Changed in body and in mind; 

Though I tried, I could not find 

One thing to cheer till thou didst save, 

Raised me up when near the grave. 

Long as I live I will adore, 

And tell thy worth from shore to shore, 

Bidding all beneath the sky 

On thy healing drugs rely; 

Surely could the world but know 

What wondrous good thou canst bestow, 

Every invalid that be 

Lingering, wishing to be free, 

Lectures would receive from thee. 

Itloml Wesson. — (Lbc fiorsc's petition. 

In the days of John, king of Atri, an ancient city of Abruzzo, there was a bell 
put up, which any one that had received any injury went and rang, and the king 
assembled the wise men chosen for the purpose, that justice might be done. It 
happened, that after the bell had been up a long time, the rope was worn out. and 
a piece of wild vine was made use of to lengthen it. Now there was a knight of 
Atri who had a noble charger, which was become unserviceable through age, so 
that to avoid the expense of feeding him, he turned him loose upon the common. 
The horse, driven by hunger, raised his mouth to the vine to munch it. by which 
the bell was sounded. The judges assembled to consider the petition of the horse, 
which appeared to demand justice. They decreed, that the knight whom he had served 
in his youth should feed him in his old age ; a sentence which the king confirmed 
under a heavy penalty. 



'ttfw l$aac 

(if p altfax' &omitg, Dirghua. 

— <x>XK<*> — 

Directed by wisdom, 

Onward lie hies, 
Co-acting with men, 
Those seeking a prize 
Of glories now shining 
Remote in the skies. 
In all his acts 
Such grandeur we see, 
As beggars description; 
A mortal more free 
Can never be found, 
Nor desired to be. 
Concerning his wisdom 
Of this we are sure, 
Like a Christian he tries 
Each person to cure. 




m Springfulb, gto. 

Distinguished for his skill to save, 

Our fellow-men, when near the grave, 

Cross mighty streams his drugs to test, 

They being the purest and the best; 

Of vital strength, more prized than wealth, 

Restores the sick to perfect health. 

This is the man — the man for me — 

Come old and young, come bond and free. 

Behold the rich, behold the poor 

Lingering round his office door, 

And all desiring him to see, 

Kindest man among the free; 

Every one in him confides, 

Yes, tell lis where this man resides. 


[trim & & HA 

#f <§rejertsboro', Itortb Carolina, 

SfOING good, 
Onward go, 
Curing the sick ; 
The high, and low, 
On their friend 
Rich praise bestow; 
Justly acting, 
Like a friend 
Cheering us all 
On whom you tend, 
Loving God, 
Each truth defend. 


m follg Springs. 

S1JE is the man with sense to plan, 
Confiding, too, as all agree, 
Befriending those who on him call, 
And making them contented be; 
Regarded wise, for bliss he sighs; 
The Greek and Latin he can speak, 
One so true, and worthy, too, 
No praise from us will ever seek. 



(Of |ttabison County, Itliss. 

^ISCREET, industrious, good, and kind 

Of pleasing manners, and refined, 

Courteous, and of soothing voice, 

To see him makes the sick rejoice; 

! that every man on earth 

Resembled him in virtuous worth. 

We reverence him, indeed we do, 

And love to tell his merits, too; 

Cheering all our friends around, 

He is a man of sense profound, 

Expert in every healing art, 

Ever ready to impart 

Kind aid to those of broken heart. 


©f ITrvinqton, Hiss. 


UST and wise, thy name we prize, 

Of all the men most kind and free; 

Hating wrong, march along, 

Never fearing foes that be. 

Mad' to bless when in distress, 

We have but once our wants to name. 

Endearing sir, 

Still persevere; 

Thy worth to all WC will proclaim. 


$u sk. Sttebfi 

<Sf Canton, piss. 

4yN thy name I can write, with the truest delight, 

Luminous thy virtues and free, 

I never yet knew a man, though true, 

Venturing to vie with thee; 

Estimated for sense, in our country's defense, 

Regarding the humble that be, 

A scholar in truth, from the days of thy youth, 

Lecturing the good and the wise; 

Unerring and strong, defending from wrong, 

Continue thy march to the skies; 

Keep pleading the law, with power to awe, 

Every lawyer which round us may be, 

Their errors proclaim, and make them ashamed, 

To think of vying with thee. 

£ftoral iTcsson. — |Uo faring the fpcllofos. 

The happiness to be derived from retirement from the bustle of the city, to the 
peaceful and rural scenes of the country, is more in idea than it often proves in 
reality. A tradesman in London, who had risen to wealth from the humble ranks 
of life, resolved to retire to the country, to enjoy, undisturbed, the rest of his life. 
For this purpose he purchased an estate and mansion in a sequestered corner in the 
country, and took possession Of it. While the alterations and improvements which 
he directed to be made were going on, the noise of hammers, saws, chisels, etc., 
around him, kept him in good spirits. But when his improvements were finished, 
and his workmen discharged, the stillness everywhere disconcerted him, and he 
felt quite miserable. He was obliged to have recourse to a smith upon his estate 
for relief to his mind ; and he actually engaged to blow the bellows a number of 
hours every day for relief to his mind. In a short time this ceased to afford tho 
relief he desired ; he returned to London, and acted as a gratuitous assistant to his 
own clerk, to whom he had given up his business. 



m Illinois. 

SURPASSED by none beneath the sun, 

At his face we love to gaze; 

Dull care begone, from morn till morn. 

One so wise we love to praise; 

Untainted by, corruption's dye, 

Generous man, possessing worth, 

Let every state, his acts relate, 

And spread his fame, and him proclaim 

Superior to the sons of earth. 


I courted Fame but as a spur to brave 

And honest deeds ; and who despises Fame, 

Will soon renounce Ibe virtues that deserve it. — Mau-kt. 



$f Carrol Count", Piss. 

UST and true, thy course pursue, 
Offending none, from errors free, 
Helping all who on thee call, 
Now listen what we say to thee : 
All love thee well who round thee dwell, 
Regarding all thy actions true; 
Extending light, each day and night, 
Victorious on thy course pursue; 
Encouraged by each motive high, 
Still serve the Lord who rules the sky. 

Hloral JTessou. — &\}t §JrotJ)er aui> lister. 

A certain man had two children, a son and a daughter. The boy handsome 
enough, the girl not quite so comely. They were both very young ; and happened 
one day to be playing near the looking-glass which stood in their mother's toilet; 
the boy, pleased with the novelty of the thing, viewed himself for some time, and 
in a wanton, rognish manner, observed to the girl how handsome he was. She 
resented the insult, and ran immediately to her father, and, with a great deal of 
aggravation, complained of her brother ; particularly for having acted so effeminate 
a part as to look in a glass, and meddle with things which belonged to women only. 
The father, embracing them both, with much tenderness and affection, told them, 
that he should like to have them both look in the glass every day ; " To the Intent 
that you," says he to the boy, " if you think that face of yours handsome, may not 
disgrace and spoil it, by an ugly temper and a bad behavior; arid that you," 
added he, addressing the girl, " may make up for the defects of your person by the 
sweetness of your manners and the excellence of your understanding." 

A well-informed mind is better than a handsome person. 





^LATTER, clatter, here they come, 
A wondrous source of power, 
Running at a rapid rate, 
Some thirty miles per hour. 

$nbh. — &{k florsr anb the JToabrb ^ss. 

An idle horse, and an ass laboring under a heavy burden, were traveling the 
road together; they both belonged to a country fellow, who trudged it on foot by 
them. Tbe ass, ready to faint under his heavy load, entreated the horse to assist 
him, and lighten his burden, by taking some of it upon his back. The horse was 
ill-natured, and refused to do it; upon which the poor ass tumbled down in the 
midst of the highway, and expired in an instant. The countryman ungirt h" 
pack-saddle, and tried several ways to relieve him, but all to no purpose: whicl 
when he perceived, he took the whole burden and laid it upon the horse, together 
with the skin of the dead ass; so that the horse, by his inoroseness in refusing to 
do a small kindness, justly brought upon him sell' a great inconvenience. 


©f Canton, Piss. 

JUDICIOUS man, with sense to plan, 
On his name we this compose; 
He stands erect, and will protect 
North and South, despite of foes. 
Fearing none beneath the sun, 
Being a lamp our feet to guide, 
Our friend in need, for us doth plead, 
Saying this Union must abide. 
While he is near, our hearts to cheer, 
Our country has no cause to fear 
Rebellious foes that be; 
The truth is known, as can be shown, 
He loves, and will protect the free. 

<Jfablc. — ®Ije Wxxxh, % SSmr, ana % Sraforfer. 

A dispute once arose between the north wind and the sun, about the superiority 
of their power ; and they agreed to try their strength upon a traveler, which should 
be able to get his cloak off first. 

The north wind began, and blew a very cold blast, accompanied with a sharp, 
driving shower. But this, and whatever else he could do, instead of making the 
man quit his cloak, obliged him to gird it about his body as close as possible. 
Next came the sun ; who, breaking out from a thick, watery cloud, drove away the 
cold vapors from the sky, and darted his sultry beams uj>on the head of the poor 
weather-beateii traveler. The man, growing faint with the heat, and unable to 
■ndure it any longer, first throws off his heavy cloak, and then flies, for protection, 
to the shade of a neighboring grove. 

Soft and gentle means will often accomplish what force and fury can never effect 



*hMU> 3di 

Born near Nashville, Tennessee, 1796, and entered public life during the Federal 
Administration of John Quincy Adams, and in 1860 was run by the American 
Party as a candidate for the Presidency. 

albUSTLY the pride of Tennessee, 
Of patriots none more true than thee. 
How pure thy life, how fair thy name, 
Not Envy's self will dare defame. 
Bear still her banner in the fight, 
E'er be the champion of the right. 
Let not detent thy soul oppress, 
Let future victory crown thv race. 



Experienced, noble, wise, and true, 

Devoted to our country, too; 

We view him as a heavenly ray, 

A learned man, with errors none, 

Renowned for sense, and like the sun 

Driving gloom away. 

Engraven on his brow, behold 

Vivid features bright and bold, 

Excelling all was ever told; 

Regarded by both friends and foes, 

Evil-minded men he hates; 

To enforce the laws and the union of states, 

Tis for this he goes. 




N the tenth of November we embarked on the sea, 
With others exposed to the dangers that be; 
Exciting, alarming, a storm did arise, 
No pen can describe it, it darkened the skies; 
Vainly did we our condition deplore, 
All was in danger; the rich and the poor 
Now prayed to the captain to take us ashore. 
Villainous man, on our ruin was bent; 
At last to us a pilot was sent; 
Changing our course, to the shore we returned. 
This man was our friend, the wise, and the learned; 
Ever thankful for favors, we gave him our hand, 
Resolving near him in the future to stand. 


Itrmljcr, Canton, IJliss. 

HeSPECTED sir, still persevere, 
Enriched with grace, ever faithful be, 
Victorious rise and seek the skies, 
And bid all men to follow thee. 
Disclosing worth to all the earth, 
Bear the cross, be firm and true ; 
As one most kind, in thee we find 
Keal worth, and grandeur, too ; 
Lauded by the great and high, 
On our word, we pray, rely, 
We hope to meet thee in the sky. 

Itoral 'JTMSon— ffib&rarfc Colston, % Bristol Pmfeant. 

Edward Colston, at the age of forty years, became a very eminent East India 
merchant, prior to the incorporation of the East India Company, and had forty 
sail of ships of his own, with immense riches flowing in upon him. He still 
remained uniform in his charitable disposition, distributing many thousand 
pounds to various charities in and about London, besides private gifts in many 
parts of the kingdom. In the year 1708, he instituted a very magnificent school in 
St. Augustin's Back, in Bristol, which cost him £11,000 in the building, and 
endowed it with between £1,700 and £1,800 forever. He likewise gave £10 for 
apprenticing every boy, and for twelve years after his death, £10 to help them 
begin business. His private charities far exceeded his public benefactions. One 
of his ships trading to the East Indies had been missing three years, and had been 
given up for lost. At length she arrived with a rich cargo. When his principal 
clerk brought him the report of her arrival, and of the riches on board, he said, 
as she had been given up for lost, he would by no means lay any claim to her. 
He accordingly ordered the ship and the merchandise to be sold, and the proceeds 
to be applied to the relief of the needy; an order which was immediately put in 


(Ql Pabison Couttig, Piss. 

1)HE Bible, thy study and delight, 
Hath robed thy brow with laurels bright, 
Outshining all the orbs of night; 
Making men to speak of thee, 
As one from grosser errors free, 
Surpassed by none on land or sea. 
Honored sir, we love to write 
About a man whose virtues bright 
Repels all darkness from our sight 
Thou art good, and thou art wise ; 
One man more free from all disguise, has 
Never yet lived beneath the skies. 

Poral iTcsscm. — |\cb. Jlicharb (Cecil. 

When Rev. Richard Cecil was but a little boy, his father had occasion to go to 
the India House, and took his son with him. While he was transacting business, 
the little fellow was dismissed, and told to wait for his father at one of the doors. 
His father, on finishing his business, went out at another door, and entirely forgot 
his son. In the evening, his mother, missing the child, inquired where he was ; 
on which his father, suddenly recollecting that he had directed him to wait at a 
certain door, said, " You may depend upon it, he is still waiting where I appointed 
him." He immediately returned to the India House, and found his dear boy in 
the very spot where he had ordered him to remain. He knew that his father 
expected him to wait, and he would not disappoint him by disobeying his orders. 


Love goes toward Love, as schoolboys from their books ; 

But Love from Love, toward school with heavy looks. — SfiAKSPKARK. 




ITEMED with virtue and with might, 
Leave me not by day nor night; 
My only hope, my only plea, 
Is that Jesus died for me. 
Gracious Father — heavenly King, 
Hear me while thy praise I sing; 
Though so sinful, though so vile, 
Yet in mercy on me smile. 
Give me grace from day to day ; 
On thee I trust, and when I pray 
Disperse my gloomy doubts away. 


Pi SKrtiitf, §ih 

tlj*ti'Y mother, and shall I no more see 
Your eyes of blue, so dear to me ? 
My mother's voice no more I hear 
On this earth of sin and care. 
Thou art gone to Christ thy God, 
He who bought thee with his blood, 
Enabled thee to run thy race; 
Raised thee now to see his face; 
Exalted thee to hear his voice; 
Lifted thee, where saints rejoice, 
In holy songs of perfect love. 
Zion and her walls above, 
And all the beauties of the skies, 
Before thee now in grandeur lies. 
Expansive view of love divine 
Thine to view ; forever thine 
Happiness without one sigh, 
Precious fruits forever nigh — 
Beheld by thee, by thee enjoyed, 
Lasting, ne'er to be destroyed; 
All thy cares and troubles o'er, 
Christ thy praise for evermore. 
King and Priest, be Him my stay 
While here I dwell in flesh and clay; 
Ever knowing death is nigh, 
Let me but live, let me but die 
Like thee, and moot thee in the skv. 



It tltf 

— «£*,<>« — 

^/BSERVANT of truth, pure, lovely, and bright, 

No gold can compare with my own heart's-delight ; 

Made for to cherish, to love, and entwine 

Your tender affections around those of mine. 

"We have, 'tis true, no riches nor land, 

Industrious, yet ~our bread we '11 demand ; 

For working and delving through cold and through blast, 

Even indifference will aid us at last. 

My wife, I fain would cross the deep sea, 

And quickly return with riches to thee, 

Rubies and diamonds, and pearls from the main, 

Your head for to crown, — but my wishes are vain. 

Thine eyes are stars which gladden the heart, 

Bidding all gloom and sorrows depart; 

Laughing, and blushing, thy smiles they are balm, 

And hover around my passions to calm; 

Consuming their dross, and making me be 

Kindly disposed, and especially to thee, 

With whom I hope to spend a long life, 

Exultingly, too, caressing my wife; 

Laughing at want, and defying all pain, 

Living in hopes of living again. 


-ID pains and convulsions thy soul passed away, 
And rose, as I trust, to the realms of bright day, 
Reviving the thought, while thy death I record, 
Your soul is now happy, and praising the Lord. 
To win me to Jesus, thou seemedst to be sent, 
But strange to relate, I refused to repent, 
Loving those pleasures which last but a day, 
All thy fond pleadings I threw them away, 
Crushing thy hopes and giving thee pain, 
Knowing that all thy efforts were vain. 
While kindness and love yet beamed in thine eyes, 
Earth was exchanged for a home in the skies; 
Leaving me here, without friends, without home, 
Loaded with sorrows, 'mid strangers I roam. 

But could tears of anguish wake thee 
From the dark and lonely grave, 

In my arms I soon would take thee, 
And bless the Lord who died to save. 

But in that grave in which thou sleepeth, 

No sun on thee will ever rise, 
And though thy husband o'er thee weepeth, 

Never canst thou hear his cries. 

Deaf to all that now would greet thee, 
Cold thy brow and still thy heart, 

Yet in heaven I hope to meet thee, 
Nevermore from thee to part. 



^tp-VEPo virtuous, 
Lovely, too, 
In religion foremost; 
Zealous and true, 
Alluring to good, 
Bold to defend, 
Ever kind; 
True to the end 
Her spirit lives, 
Defying death, 
Ever bright 
Among the saints 
Now in light. 


Like the lily, 
That once was mistress of the field, and flourished, 
I'll hang my head, and perish.— Shakspeaee. 



DREADFUL monster — ruthless foe, 
Ever traveling to and fro, 
And causing tears of grief to flow ; 
The good, the loved, and those that be 
Hale and strong, must yield to thee. 

Jablc. — £Ije §teg, tbt |3ronrs, anb tht (Stasp. 

A paecei, of drones got into a hive among the bees, and disputed the title with 
them, swearing that the honey and the combs were their goods. The bees were 
obliged to go to law with them, and the wasp happened to be the judge of the 
cause ; one who was well acquainted with the nature of each, and therefore the 
better qualified to decide the controversy between them. "Accordingly,gentlemen," 
says he, (speaking to both plaintiff and defendant,) " the usual method of proceeding 
in these courts is pretty chargeable, and slow withal ; therefore, as you are both 
my friends, and I wish you well, I desire you would refer the matter to me, and I 
will decide between you instantly." They were both pleased with the offer, and 
returned him thanks. " Why, then," says he, " that it may appear who is the just 
proprietor of these honey-combs, (for being both so nearly alike as you are in 
color, I must needs own the point is somewhat dubious,) do you," addressing him- 
self to the bees, " take one hive ; you," speaking to the drones, " another : and go 
to making honey as fast as you can, that we may know, by the taste and color of it, 
who has the best title to the dispute." The bees readily accepted the proposal, but 
the drones would not stand to it. And so Judge Wasp, without any further cere- 
mony, declared in favor of the former. 


Nothing is so sure a sign of a man's being, or, at least, thinking himself in the 
wrong, as his refusing to come to a reference. And how happy would it be for the 
public if our judges nowadays were empowered to dispatch causes in that easy 
expedite way which the wasp in the fable made use of. But as it is. the impudent, 
idle, good-for-nothing drones of the nation many times possess those favors and 
benefits which should be the reward of men of parts and industry. 



€i flasbbille. 

'wO full of light, her virtues bright 

Attract where'er she goes; 

Religious zeal, too, makes her feel, 

And pray for wicked foes. 

How calm her brow, behold it now 

Glittering like a ray, 

Reverential, with grace essential, 

Embarked for realms of day ; 

Good to all, both great and small, 

Our people love her well, 

Respecting her whose name is dear, 

Yet fail her worth to tell. 

Pressing on at even and morn, 

Enraptured with delight, 

Truly kind, the sick and blind 

They praise her day and night. 

Ye young and old, her worth behold, 

Perceive her as she walks, 

Of heaven she sings, 

Of heaven she talks, 

Leanins; on the Kino- of kings. 



Of Moxtb Carolina. 

Ss\<S sure as God rules in the sky, 
Dear lady, we are born to die, 
And it requires every breath, 
Long as we live, to fix for death. 
If that be so, no time to play, 
No time to lose ; so let us pray 
Every hour in the day. 
Thus acting, we will act aright; 
Receiving grace both day and night, 
Our path will shine forever bright. 
'Tis sweet to think, though born to die, 
There is a home beyond the sky, 
Eternal joys that ne'er decay, 
Reserved for those who watch and pray. 



tPiOMENTS fast are gliding by us; 
In procession on they hie, 
Speechless, yet proclaiming loudly 
That we are mortal, and must die; 
Ere another day has fled, 
Kemember, sir, we may be dead. 
How short our life, at longest, here; 
Upon this subject let us think, 
Make efforts for to win the skies, 
Ere to endless pain we sink. 


HILE now 
In youth, 
Love God, 
Love truth; 
In strength 
All glorious, 
March on 
May the God 
Of the free, 
Nourish thee. 



<Df Canton, piss. 

^WEET music round this place is ringing, 

Hinging softly, stop and hear; 

Childs has come, just hear him singing, 

He was made our hearts to cheer; 

It is a piano he 's playing — 

Let us go and near him stand, 

Detain us not, for we must buy it, 

Since he keeps the best on hand. 



'c!j*li'AY Heaven inspire me now with rhyme, 
A power to write some pleasing line, 

Rich in love, and rich in grace, 

Your beauty and many charms to trace. 



<D£ Baltimore 

E love thy manly words to hear; 
In accents soft, in accents clear, 
Like balm they fall upon our ear, 
Leading us to persevere; 
Interesting, good, and wise, 
A man quite free from all disguise, 
Men and virtuous women prize, 
And will while stars beam in the skies. 
Proudly then thy course pursue, 
A conscious maa with much to do, 
Riches bright, and honors, too, 
Reward thee for thy conduct true; 
Onward, faithful day and night, 
Through heat and cold, still speed thy flight 
To bliss above, and realms of light. 

'AKE not light at what I write, 
Although unknown to thee ; 
Resplendent miss, I wish thee bliss 
Through all eternity. 
How good thou art, and pure in heart, 
And willing favors to impart. 




jUflE ED fire of hell — uncodling drink, 
Unpitying foe, now stop and think, 
Make men no more to ruin sink. 


^LASTING hopes of man and wife, 

Real source of grief and strife, 

A curse on land, a curse on sea, 

No man of sense will drink of thee; 

Drying all the vitals up, 

Yet fools this poison daily sup. 




GAD© ^ ^^ 

HILE men of sense still drink of thee, 
How can we hope much good to see; 
It seems, indeed, most strange to me 
Such men should boast as being free; 
Kept in chains, in fetters bound, 
Yet simple people pour thee down. 



STIVERS of blood you cause to flow, 
Enslaving men where'er you go; 
Vain are the tears of babes or wife ; 
Endless cares you bring, and strife; 
Love and hope you banish quite. 
Remorseless foes, how great your might ! 
In the strength of One more strong 
Even than the powers of wrong, 
Should we learn your sight to spurn. 




m Springfulb, po. 

HAT intellectual light do we behold 
In those bright eyes of thine so bold ! 
Lightnings flash, while words of worth 
Leap from thy lips, proclaim, their birth, 
Infusing light, producing awe, 
And while they sting they sweetly draw; 
Making men respect the law. 
Continue then thy bright career, 
Pleading law, with none to fear; 
Repelling gloom, and with delight 
Inducing men to act upright; 
Craving nothing here below, 
Except thy country's will to know. 

ENTREATING the aid of the good and the wise, 
Direct thy prayers to the King of the skies, 
With a faith unwavering and true; 
Alarming thy state, for mercy now cry, 
Repenting of sin, on Jesus rely. 
Detttynined henceforth (In- duty to do. 


®f pollji springs, Piss. 

Formed to bless, 

Receiving light, 
Acquainted with 
New subjects bright; 
Keep thy heart 
Meditating right. 
Sustaining truth, 
More prized than gold, 
I love thy name; 
Thy worth to tell 
Has made me bold. 


QJBIEEK, modest, and kind, 

And in language refined, 

Respected by all and especially me, 

Yet who could proclaim 

To the world all thy charms, 

Should they live while ages shall flee. 



'tfW'OST solemn sight, to thom delight, 
As their hands they willing join ; 
Roll on, ye years, be free from cares, 
Rich flowers round their pathway twine. 
It has been said that those who wed 
Are the ones most free from strife, 
Glad tidings to the high and low, 
Each man should get a lovely wife. 

Jftornl JTrsson. — Tiotu io Win. 

A man who is very rich now was very poor when he was a boy. When asked 
how he got his riches, he replied : " My father taught me never to play till my 
work was finished, and never to spend money till I had earned it. If I had but 
half an hour's work to do in a day, I must do thai the first thing, and in half 
an hour. And after this I was allowed to play : and I emtld then play with mueh 
more pleasure than if I had the thought of an unfinished task before my mind. I 
early formed the habit of doing everything in its time, and it soon became perfectly 
easy to do so. It is to this habit I owe my prosperity." 

Let every one who reads this, go and do likewise, anil he will meet a similar 



11$ Jefktiffc H&ltfe* 

(Composed ou its refusing to Operate.) 

SPHERE are some that of thy future doubt ; 

Hast thou one word? Now speak it out, 

Ere thy name be lost to fame. 

Already certain men are saying 

Thy vital chords they are decaying; 

Lion of the sea ; awake, 

And make those babblers fear and quake; 

Now, now, we beseech, if thou art able 

To prove thyself a talking cable, 

Interchange one word or so, 

Concerning of thy present woe; 

Cleave each rock beneath the sea, 

And prove thyself indeed to be 

Beneficial to the free; 

Like a king, from slumber wake, 

Exulting, and thy scepter take. 



"®f Carroll Count]}, pfes. 

tllSlt ADE up of charms 

All sweet to view, 

Learned, and skilled 

In music, too; 

Surpassed by none, I never knew 

So much worth 

As seen in you. 

Thy words they flow 

Harmonious, free ; 

One look of thine 

Makes friends for thee; 

Proficient one, 

So full of glee, 

do, for once, 

Now think of me. 



©f gfesjjbille, $*tro. 


Obscured by none, 

Be on thy guard on land or wave, 

Each good pursue, 

Remember, too, 

Thou hast on earth 

A soul to save. 

At God's right hand, 

Prepare to stand, 

Purged from all that sinful be; 

Outshining pearls, 

Our neighbors' girls 

Long once more thy face to see. 

ibESUS CHKIST, the truth, the way, 
On Him trust from day to day; 
Harmless, blameless, strive to be, 
Nor fear to own He died for thee. 



i&u&f $, |)1afTmm< 

^)HE is so kind, 

Attractive, too, 

Revealing worth 

Among the few, 

Her virtues shine 

Supremely true. 

She loves to feed 

The brave and free, 

And all the poor 

That round her be; 

Hence her fame 

All should proclaim, 

Make it spread from sea to sea. 


'EVER filter, never tiro, 
Ever faithful horse to me, 
"We are traveling, traveling lastly, 
Soon in sight of home to be. 



®f Pabison Count}!, Piss. 

^§)0 lovely and sweet, with virtues complete, 

And a mind unclouded and pure, 

Regard what I write, 

Although 'tis night, 

Had I wings I'd fly to thy door. 

Proud to tell, I love thee so well, 

My affections are flowing to thee. 

One word more I pray — 

Observe what I say, 

Next week be looking for me. 


His hand the good man fastens on the skie*, 

And bids carlh roll, nor feels her idle whirl. — Young. 



mt Hmfo&tfL 

©f €tmbmg Co., girli. 

ACCOMPLISHED one, most kind and free, 

No one on land, no one on sea 

Need ever hope to vie with thee. 

How it thrills my heart to write 

On one so lovely and so bright; 

With a form so good and fine, 

And virtues which do sweetly shine 

Resplendent as a heavenly ray 

Descending from the orb of day. 


Nature has oast me in so soft a mold, 
That but to hoar a story reigned for pleasure, 
Of some sad lover's death, moistens my eyes, 
And robs inc of my manhood. — Prydr.v. 


©f Carroll €o., Piss. 

AMED for sense 
And ways endearing, 
Never scolding, 
Never erring; 
Impressed with right, 
Each good preferring. 
Lauding worth, 
Education, too, 
Freely we speak, 
Loving to view 
One so good, 
Respected by 
Each mortal true. 

bitten bg request of |ob« ^flofoers, of Cbortafo Co., pbs. 

'Y sister dear, you need not fear 
A Savior's love to tell ; 
Eejoice to know, his blood did flow 
Your soul to save from hell. 
Seeking light each day and night, 
Marching on, with saints to be, 
In songs of praise, 
Through all thy days, 
Honor Him who died for thee. 


f W f 

Of f ollg Springs, gjtss. 

U^ET every one 
Endeavor to be 
More like our friend; 
Confiding is he, 
Cheerful, and worthy 
Rich praises from me. 
Offending no one — 
Seeking a bride, 
Keeping his eye 
Elevated and high, 
Yet free from all pride. 

®i Carroll dloimin, ipss. 

SWEATER by far, than a precious gold ring, 
And once on a time, hearing her sing, 
Nightingales came, her presence to greet ; 
Conscious that they, her music could beat, 
Yet failing in this, did quickly retreat, 
Resolving no more, in the land to be heard. 
Excelled at last, by a mortal endeared, 
Visions of glory, all vanished away; 
Each fearing to speak, did secretly say 
She sang more sweet, than an angel to-day. 


©f Stattflofon Countg, piss. 

-OST lovely one, 
I know of none 

So learned as thee beneath the sun; 
Thine eyes are bright, 
Keflecting light, 

Enrapturing me with true delight; 
So do not scorn, at me forlorn, 
Since on thy name I love to write. 
Made to cheer, 
And wipe each tear 
Boiling down from eyes most dear; 
The humble poor, 
Haste to thy door, 
And feed upon thy bounteous store. 
Pleased with worth, 
Believing dearth, 

In the highest circles on the earth, 
Nymphs we see 
Conversing free, 
Endeavoring hard to vie with thee. 



sMMig Sun 

Of Springficlb, $@fo. 

m> AIEEST one, in thee we find, 
A virtuous, pure, contented mind; 
Not only learned, not only wise; 
No man of sense can fail to prize 
Your captivating, lovely eyes. 
Shedding light on all that be, 
Making men to reverence thee; 
In vain they bow, in vain they chat, 
They tell thee this, they tell thee that, 
Hear thtm not, but marry me. 



Tue love of praise, howe'er coneealed by art. 
Reigns, more or less, and glows in every heart; 
The proud, to gain it, toils on toils endure. 
The modest shun it but to make it sure. — YOUNQ. 



<§f fortb terlhra. 

IgONDESCENDING to teach poor children that be, 

Our thanks we return, and say unto thee — 

Let the ignorance of youth induce thee to stay 

In our midst, till all darkness shall vanish away. 

Noble-hearted young man, thy name we adore, 

Just plaudits deserving from the rich and the poor ; 

Let the ignorance of youth induce thee to stay 

In our midst till all darkness shall vanish away. 

Lauded by those who knew thee the best, 

Loved in the east and loved in the west, 

You should not leave us when plunged in distress. 


Had I a dozen sons, each in my love alike, I had rather had eleven die nohly 
for their eovintvy, than one voluptuously surfeit out of action. — Siiakspeare. 





ESUS, blessed Lamb of God, 
Ever may I trust thy blood 
So long as on this earth I be; 
Uphold me now, to thy cross I bow, 
Save me by thy mercy free. 


Love thyself last ; cherish those hearts that hate thee ; 

Corruption wins not more than honesty. 

Still in thy right hand carry gentle peace, 

To silence envious tongues. Be just, and fear not, 

Let all the ends thou aim'st at ho 

Thy God's, and Truth's; then, when thou fall'st, 

Thou fall'st a blessed martyr. — Shakspeark. 



©f ffifcottefo Countg, Piss. 

©WEETEST lady, watch and pray, 
As walking up the shining way, 
Relying on thy Savior Lord ; 
And remember after death, 
He will in heaven thee reward. 
Every one should faithful be, 
For Christ who died upon the tree, 
Left his Word, in which we read 
Of his grace we stand in need ; 
We are weak, but he is strong, 
Ever faithful march along, 
Recording mercies, gladly sing — 
Savior, to thy cross I cling. 


\mm SIbKfo 

ocT matters not though poor I be, 

Scorn me not, nor look at me 

As one who would thy smiles implore; 

All low clown words I do despise, 

Coming from the rich or poor. 

Shall a man, though poor, be forced to bow 

His head to one, though wealthy, now 

Exaggerates and lies; 

Let my views be known to all, 

Let me stand or let me fall, 

I do all whisky bloats despise, 

Existing now beneath the skies. 

William SMI, 

©f Virginia. 

ITH firmness and with holy fear, 
In the work of Christ engage, 
Eet nothing ever thee deter, 
Loud although the tempest rage; 
In deep retirement God is nigh, 
And in the gloom of night, 
Man may on his grace rely, 
Benignity, truth, and might. 
Ever then adore his name, 
Let sinners scoff, the world defame, 
Let heaven be thy onlv aim. 




^\> BUSINESS place, healthy, and neat, 

The point where four great railroads meet, 

Laurelled with cars a good supply; 

All the time those cars are rolling, 

Never tiring, how consoling, 

They bring us things for which we sigh, 

And things we need, as none deny. 


O spirit of love, how quick and fresh art thou ! 
That, notwithstanding thy capacity, 
Receiveth as the sea, naught enters there, 
Of what validity and pitch soe'er, 
But falls into abatement and low price, 
Even in a minute ! so full of shapes is fancy 
That it alone is high-fantastical. — Shakspeare. 





^SOi-EN and ladies may talk of fine-looking faces, 
Unerring sweet forms, adorned with bright graces, 
Rich towns, lovely cities, but show one to me 
For health and for beauty comparing with thee. 
Rearing dear children, both sisters and brothers, 
Ever obeying their fathers and mothers, 
Each under the care of Southern good teachers, 
Some wish to be lawyers, some to be preachers; 
Befriending and wise, they are building a name 
Of lasting material, more precious than fame; 
Receiving instruction, at your college in sight, 
One hundred students are seeking for light. 



1$ €iij%~fi1f! 


I w IS once more here, our hearts to cheer, 
Haste, subscribe and read it, 
Each word and line our hearts incline 
The truth always to heed it. 
Hale and strong, it floats along, 
Imparting peace and light, 
Read it then, ye mighty men, 
'T will lead to fame and might ; 
Ye young and old, come now behold! 
For here is something worth your gold; 
It comes to cheer, and wipe each tear, 
For this we ought to prize it; 
The rich and poor should read it o'er, 
Here it is, revise it. 
Proud are we, once more to see 
A paper free from blunders; 
Regard it then, ye mighty men, 
And heed it when it thunders; 
Like a light, 'tis shining bright, 
Leading us to read it; 
Even though we may be poor, 
Liorht and truth we need it. 


<0f Slhsbingtoii Counin, gak. 


■■feDWEET sister, cease to fret and pine 
About departed friends of thine; 
Remember now they brightly shine, 
And sing of their Redeemer's love, 
High in the realms of bliss above. 
All their tears have ceased to flow, 
No parting there, no death, no woe, 
Nor chilling winds in heaven blow. 
The Word of Life to them was sweet, 
It led them to the Savior's feet; 
They lived in peace and love with all, 
So long as on this earthly ball; 
We little thought their end was nigh ; 
Of death they speak, and without a sigh 
Rejoiced that they were born to die; 
They loved the Lord, and loved the day 
He called them from the earth away. 


True hope is swift, and flies with swallow's wings, 

Kings it makes gods, and moaner creatures kings. — Shakstf vke 



M Cljottsfo Countg, Piss. 

^MBITIOUS be, from sin to flee, 

Motives high now prompting thee, 

Escape the pit of endless woe; 

Look not behind, but strive to find 

In every place the sick and blind, 

And bid them to the Savior go. 

A safe retreat, low at his feet, 

Fear not his praises to repeat; 

Let the world say what it may, 

Only try with saints to vie, 

When lightning's flash and rend the sky; 

Embrace the Lord without delay, 

Relying upon God's only Son, 

Show forth his love each day. 


Is she not more than painting can express, 

Or youthful poets fancy, when they love. — Rowk. 


itUmii UL Stun, 

^IBEKAL and cheerful, 
Ever plying his pen, 
Valued by all, 
Especially good men 
Kespect him for worth, 
Ever proud that he — 
The truest of mortals — 
Their friend should be. 
Most wise, most noble, 
Still learning each day, 
Neglecting no duty, 
Ever watch him, we pray; 
Lover of learning 
Leading the way. 

Poral JTcsson. — Sbc ^lanbcrcr's JaO. 

Onk of tbc favorites of Artaxrrxes, ambitions of getting a place possessed by 
one of the king's best officers, endeavored to make the king suspect that officer's 
fidelity ; and to that end, sent information to court full of calumnies against him. 
persuading himself that the king, from the great credit he had with his majesty, 
would believe the thing upon his bore word, without further examination. Such 
is the general character of calumniators. The officer was imprisoned : but he 
desired of the king before he was condemned, that his cause might he heard, and 
his accusers ordered to produce their evidence against him. The king did so ; 
and as there was no proof of his guilt but the letters which his enemy had written 
against him, he was cleared, and his innocence fully confirmed by the three com- 
missioners who sat upon his trial. All the king's indignation fell upon the per- 
fidious accuser, who had thus attempted to abuse the confidence and favor of his 
royal master. 




m &anflofocr f lUss. 

^t^-QUALED by none of any station, 
Made up of virtues shining bright, 
Men of sense, of education, 
Acknowledge thee a shining light. 
Thou art the idol of the day, 
Honored by the young and old, 
One more rich, and one more gay, 
My eyes did never yet behold; 
And yet to think that we must part, 
Sends pain and anguish to my heart. 

$toral £ cssoh— pofo to §lbotb Calunrag. 

" If any one speaks ill of thee," says Epictettts, " consider whether he has truth 
on his side ; and, if so, reform thyself, that his censures may not affect thee." 

When Anaximander was told that the very boys laughed at his singing, " Ay," 
said he; " then I must learn to sing better." 

Plato being told that he had many enemies who spoke ill of him, " It is no mat- 
ter," said he ; "I will so live that none shall believe them." Hearing at another 
time that an intimate friend of his had spoken detract ingly of him, " I am sure 
he would not do it," said he, " if he had not some reason for it." 



■ ■.; 

49 EH 



^\I)HIS press so fine, like diamonds shines, 

Hard money that will buy it; 

Each printer wise, beneath the skies, 

Should send for it and try it; 

"lis making dimes, more prized than rhymes, 

Earth with its fame is ringing; 

And people, too, rejoice to view 

Meek ladies round it singing. 

Propelled by steam, 

Head of it — dream — 

Ever keep it greasy : 

See how it whirls, while boys and girls 

Stand working here so easy. 



^P HOUGH tea, you know, caused blood to flow, 
Extol it still, I trust you will, 
And buy of me, and let me go. 

floral ITcsstm. — §a)bantage of ^bstmtnte. 

A blacksmith in the city of Philadelphia was complaining to his iron merchant, 
that such was the scarcity of money that he could not pay his rent. The merchant 
then asked him how much rum he used in his family in the course o£ a day. Upon 
answering this question, the merchant made a calculation, and showed him that 
his drinking cost more money in a year than his house-rent. ' The calculation so 
astonished the mechanic, that he determined from that day to buy and drink no 
spirits of any kind. In the course of the ensuing year, he paid his rent, and bought 
a new suit of clothes out of the savings of his temperance. He persisted in it 
through the rest of his life, and attained a position of competence and respectability. 




Cljt Poalrifcss, 

S^EAD her life, ye rich and poor, 
Unbounded praises to her give, 
Though she died in days of yore, 
Her virtuous name will ever live. 

floral JTrssoit. — P oto to be 3fobri>. 

One evening' a gentleman related, in the presence of his little girl, an anecdote 
of a still younger child of Dr. Doddridge, which pleased her exceedingly. When 
the doctor asked his daughter, thou about six years old, what made everybody love 
her, she replied: "I don't know, indeed, papa, unless it is because I love every- 
body." This reply struck Susan forcibly. " If that is all that is necessary to be 
loved," thought she, " I will soon make everybody love me." Iler father then 
mentioned a remark of the Rev. John Newton, that he considered the world to be. 
divided into two great masses, one of happiness and the other of misery ; and it was 
his daily business to take as much as possible from the heap of misery, and add 
all he could to that of happiness. " Now," said Susan, " I will begin to-morrow to 
make everybody happy. Instead of thinking all the time of myself, I will ask 
every minute what I can do for somebody else. Papa has often told me that this 
is the best way to be happy myself, and I am determined to try." 



Ss&LL admire thy beauty, thy streets are so wide, 
Undefiled by drunkards, few passing this way; 
Green wave thy sweet trees, of rich Georgia the pride, 
Undergoing a change, for the better, each day, 
Spreading and lengthening; here thousands have rolled 
To greet their true friends and companions of old, 
And made, by industry, ten thousands of gold. 

Hloral ^Ttsson. — ^ Ptomnn's |homts£. 

Henry Cabey, cousin to Queen Elizabeth, after having enjoyed her majesty's 
favor for several years, lost it in the following manner : As he was walking one 
day, full of thought, in the garden of the palace, under the queen's window, she 
perceived him, and said to him, in a jocular manner: " What does a man think 
of, when he is thinking of nothing?" 

"Upon a woman's promise," said Carey. 

"Well done, cousin," answered Elizabeth. 

She retired, but did not forget Carey's answer. Some time after, he solicited the 
honor of a peerage, and reminded the queen that she bad promised it to him. 

" True," replied she, " but that was a woman's promise," 



j Egrsr ^ .: 

Pi ' 

- : 




POPULATION, 30,000. 

%f OTED afar as the city of rocks, 

And heroes brave and ladies fair, 

She sits enthroned on her cliff, and mocks 

Her envious rivals everywhere. 

View all her noble works of art — 

Increasing. Wealth on every hand; 

Lawyers, Statesmen, schools, and mart, 

Little to blame and much to praise, 

E'en here, if rich, would I spend my days. 




3UOUNDLESS source of information- 
Information for the blind, 
Bringing words of consolation, 
Life and peace to soothe the mind 
Exposed to grief of every kind. 

poral lesson.— gooks. 

God be thanked for Books. They are the voices of the distant and the dead, and 
make us heirs of the spiritual life of past ages. Books are the true levelers. 
They give to all, who will faithfully use them, the society, the spiritual presence 
of the best and greatest of our race. No matter how poor I am. No matter though 
the prosperous of my own time will riot enter my obscure dwelling. If the sacred 
writers will enter and take up their abode under my roof, if Milton will cross my 
threshold to sing to me of Paradise, and Shakspeare open to me the worlds of 
imagination and the workings of the human heart, and Franklin to enrich me 
with his practical wisdom, I shall not pine for want of intellectual companionship, 
and I may become a cultivated man, though excluded from what is called the best 
society in the place where I live. — Channinq. 




'IDHEY love to sing, like birds in spring, 

Hear now each voice sweet, 

Eight score times more prized than rhymes, 

Let us their worth repeat; 

A ray of light from them looks bright, 

Deserving praises free; 

Illustrious, fine, their features shine, 

Enrapturing all that be. 

See how they charm, while mercy's arm 

O'er them extends to save; 

Formed but to cheer, when they are near, 

No greater bliss we crave. 

All daily aim to win a name, 

Shining like the stars; 

How straight they walk, to plainly talk, 

Very few with them compares; 

In youth they pray, and learn the way 

Leading to the skies, 

Like saints of old, their worth untold, 

Each man should love and prize. 



^fti § 

P2 lowngcsi ^ro%r. 

SJbOHN, dear brother, onward go, 
Overcoming every foe ; 
Heavy though thy burdens be, 
Never cease to pray for me. 
Look at what we have to do 
Before we can bright Canaan view; 
Love for God we must possess, 
And pray the Lord our foes to bless; 
Conscious we are born to die, 
Keep thine eyes uplifted high; 
With confidence to Jesus pray 
Every hour throughout the day, 
Loving him who died for thee, 
Let me repeat, Now pray for me. 



>t« i&m mum 


^PURIST this book, and at us look, 

Heed our features, too; 

Expressive, fine, our faces shine, 

To please such folks as you; 

With heads, but four, we want no more, 

Our eyes give us no light; 

Our ears are deaf, but yet no grief 

Disturbs us day nor night ; 

Deprived of feet, we can not walk 

In houses where we go, 

The reason why we do not sigh, 

Is left for you to know. 

Ever free from care are we, 

So turn this book, and at us look. 



$ wmm. 

^I)HAT deer we see is now in danger, 
Hemmed around by deadly foes; 
Each to him a total stranger, 
Craves to catch him by the nose; 
He seems to dread the thought of dying, 
As, leaping o'er those mighty logs, 
Swiftly, swiftly, see him plying, 
Ere long to be but food for dogs. 

#f IpoUir Springs. 

BITING and struggling day and night, 
The man of worth we love to view; 
Warmly embracing subjects bright, 
And bidding all their duty do. 
Though but young, we must agree, 
Such range of thought he does possess, 
One so good, so kind, and free, 
No pen his wisdom can express. 



or,, S-b" 

Of fjollg Springs. 


3^ IS name we love, 

And can prove, 

Most worthy men like him we prize; 

Conscious he 

Continues to be 

Respected by the good and wise; 

Opposed to wrong, he walks along, 

Suggesting ways our feet to guide; 

Kindest man, with sense to plan, 

Young and old in him confide. 

it & fepnf£ fUnlwial ©il 


2^-LL cases of headache 'twill cure at a touch, 
Men and dear ladies can't praise it too much ; 
Because 'tis marvelous, and cheering to read, 
Respecting its power to cure with such speed; 
Old sores, sore throats, and dyspepsia it cures, 
Sprains, and all cuts, wherever it goes; 
It cures the bronchitis, it cures the sore eyes, 
And it cures the diarrhea, as no one denies, 
Languor of spirits 'twill remove in a day, 
One dose will do it — no cure, no pay; 
It cures all bites, for which you should buy v. ; 
Ladies and gents afflicted, now try it. 





^§)ONS of the South, from slumber wake, 
Each everlasting mountain shake; 
Consecrated, fair Union flee, 
Ere we enslaved by chains shall be; 
Shackles now binding, break in two, 
Seditious Northern States adieu; 
Insults we will no longer stand, 
Our people all, with sword in hand, 
Now say, Farewell each Northern land. 


<Df |"tasljbille, ®emt. 

HAT light we view, 
In one so true, 

Like precious gold thy name we prize; 
Learned and good, 
In serving God, 

Above the waves of sin we rise; 
Much to thy praise, 
All love thy ways, 

Just as they should, thy worth they tell ; 
At home, abroad, 
May Christ the Lord 
Ever strengthen thee; 
So fare thee well. 

.alii* 51 %$Uim t 

©f Carroll € cumin, ^iss. 

Accept now this, 
Tell all thy friends 
To seek for bliss; 
In doing right, 


Each day and night, 
Long will thy path 
Continue bright; 
Obeying God, 
Love the way 
Leading to 
Infinite day, 
Never swerving, 
So watch and pray. 



3$|OLD her canvas to the breeze, 
O'er the waves she rides with ease, 
Praise to God, of our life the giver, 
Each one from harm he can deliver. 

<Bf Carroll Cooufg, Piss. 

'CWAW'OST worthy and sweet, 
A mirror of light ; 
Glittering like diamonds, 
Glorious and bright; 
Industrious, and giving 
Each mortal delight. 
Captivating our hearts, 
Firm, faithful each day, 
On thy name when we write, 
X stands in the way. 


^TILL upward gaze, 

Pour forth thy praise, 

Entreating God our land to save; 

No one that be, 

Compares with thee, 

Except the noble, good, and brave. 

Redeemed by love, 

Continue to prove, 

Religion can the heart refine; 

Our sins subdue, 

Giving us, too, 

Essential joys for which we pine; 

Removing woe, each friend and foe 

Should on thy name rich praise bestow. 


^HARMING place, 
Adorned with grace, 
No rum in thee is sold; 
Thy streets are wide, 
On every side 
New beauties we behold. 



tjrjjtn QEfam#M% 

m Carroll Connig, Piss. 

Surrounded by friends, 

The church he attends, 

Every clondy as well as fair days ; 

Pardon he finds, 

His countenance shines. 

Exulting in love, his conversion to prow 

Now hear him — for sinners he prays, 

Then rising at once, 

His Bible he reads, 

Obeying what Jesus demands; 

May the King of the sky, 

Permit him to die, 

Shouting and clapping his hands; 

Observing the way, march up to bright day, 

No more to suffer nor sish, 


bmtmb 2L :$♦ §*ml> 

m Itasfebillt, form. 

rVEE, faithful, persevere 
Devoutly, good and worthy sir. 
Men and ladies thee adore; 
Upon thy word we all rely. 
Nor can we speak of one too high, 
Deserving praise from rich and poor. 
Formed to bless poor helpless men, 
Prized by all, there is no pen 
Prepared to state thy worth. 
Of all thy merits none can tell ; 
One so good deserves to dwell 
Long, long upon this earth. 

WEALTHY, rich, and lovely place, 
Outgrowing towns with cities vie; 
Looming up, adorned with grace, 
Let thy banners wave, our land to save, 
Your sons would gladly for us die. 
Spreading wider, growing longer, 
Precious men now live in thee, 
Rich ladies, too, sweet and true, 
In thy streets we daily see; 
Neatly clad with garments bright, 
Gentle-hearted, kind, and free, 
Shining like the stars at night. 



son xlnhh, 


Jeopard thy head, the truth to spread, 
Ever keeping thy armor bright ; 
Foremost now stand, with sword in hand, 
For none can doubt thy skill to fight — 
Evincing thy strength, show foes at length — 
Ruffians and fiends thou canst defy. 
Surrender not ! though Link may plot 
Our total ruin ; yet ere we fly, 
Now let us all, resolve to die. 

Dreading no one beneath the sun — 

As President, thy sway extend — 

Vanquish with sword, each Northern horde ; 

In doctrine true, still keep in view 

Sweet Southern Rights, we must defend. 

Iftoral JTcsson. — IHcrauji anb % Kftoobman. 

A man was felling a tree on the bank of a river, and, by chance, let his batchet 
slip out of his hand, which dropped into the water, and immediately sunk to the 
bottom. Being, therefore, in great distress for the loss of it, he sat down and be- 
moaned himself most lamentably. 

Upon this, Mercury appeared to him, and being informed of the cause of his 
complaint, dived to the bottom of the river, and coining up again, showed the man a 
golden hatchet, demanding if that were bis. lie denied that it was. Upon which 
Mercury dived a second time, and brought up a silver one. The man refused it ; 
alleging, likewise, that this was not. his. He dived a third time, and fetched up 
the individual hatchet the man had lost; upon sight of which the poor wretch 
was overjoyed, and took it with all humility and thankfulness. Mercury was so 
pleased with the fellow's honesty, that he gave him the other two into the bargain, 
as a reward for his just dealing. 

The man goes to his companions, and giving them an account of what had hap- 
pened, one of them went presently to the river's side, and let his hatchet fall, 
designedly, into the stream. Then sitting down upon the bank, be fell a weeping 
and lamenting, as if he had been really and sorely afflicted; Mercury appeared 
as before, and diving, brought him up a golden hatchet, asking if that was the 
hatchet he lost. Transported at the precious metal, he answered, " Yes !" and 
went to snatch it greedily. But the god, detesting his abominable impudence, 
not only refused to give him that, but would not so much as let him have his own 
hatchet acrain. 



8f 1" # 

6f Cboctato (tountg, Ifltss. 

sObJ ILL you listen now to me ? 

It matters not though rich you be : 

Let your prayers ascend to the 

Lord of Adam's race; 

In God we live, in God we move, 

And when in him we dwell in love, 

Magnified by grace. 

Return, 0! then, and cease to roam 

From your once prospective home, 

Located far above; 

Oppressed with care, for mercy cry, 

Winds are blowing, death is nigh, 

Embrace the Lord of love; 

Ready now he stands to save, 

Sinners from a sinner's grave. 


FE up and doing, 


er pursuing 


:t ue's ray; 


tending light, 


irn with delight 

Your prayers to say. 


Of Carroll (foimtii, gliss. 

SIMPLICITY of character in him we behold, 

And yet he has ten thousands of gold; 

Many negroes, much ground, with trees on each hand, 

Untouched by an ax, in their grandeur they stand; 

Enriching our friend, while the needy receive 

Large presents from him, their wants to relieve. 

Disgracious to none, as all will agree, 

An expression of goodness in his countenance we see ; 

Valued by all, the noble, and wise, 

Interesting our hearts, his name we will prize 

So long as we live beneath the bright skies. 

trrttnt fag Request of %. WL., of ^asljbillc. 

z^Y all the stars, 
Eternal bright, 
Thy name I love, 
Thine eyes of light, 
I think of them 
Each day and night. 
The proudest queen 
Might boast, if she 
Adorned the earth 
Like thou that be; 
Of affection true, 
No one but thee 
Enraptures me. 


ill* §lmh IqmbUan frtitiriwi. 

( \i)HINK not by taunts that you can scare us! 

Honors bright we will pursue; 

Even our fathers standing near us 

Bid us all our duty do; 

Like soldiers now to our homes we clino;, 

And upon our rights repose, 

Cheered by each friend, but while we sing, 

Keep away, ye Northern foes. 

Ruffians, ye vainly try to blind us, 

Ever let our slaves alone; 

Please to leave us where you find us, 

Upon the soil which we own. 

Because of you the people blunder ; 

Lament your crimes, give them up; 

If you continue our land to plunder, 

Can you from us pardon hope? 

Arabs and Turks would blush to view 

Naughty, thieving men as you. 

Provoke no more the Great and High, 

Our land is poisoned by your breath; 

Lean, hungry, office-seekers, why 

Induce your friends to rush on death ; 

The nation mourns because of you ; 

Is it not distressing times? 

Can't you then now something do 

In palliation for your crimes ? 

All ye that do our rights defy, 

Now causing every land to sigh, 

Shall torture you when called to die. 




4® ALLOUS-HEARTED, ruthless man, 

He devised a wicked plan, 

And took poor Lester's life away, 

Regardless of the judgment day; 

Let the murderer and the knave, 

Executed by the brave, 

Sleep forgot within the grave. 

Clothed with crimes of the blackest dye, 
Observe him when he comes to die, 
Supported by the Sheriff's hand, 
Guilty wretch, he can not stand ; 
Reflections seemed to press him down, 
One more step, his limbs are bound 
Very close, and soon he swings, 
Encountering cbath with all its stings. 



3/oTm 93rohm, 

®Ijc olD 3\.bolttiontst. 


&f)OINED with fiend?, on murder bent, 
Our homes to fire his base intent; 
He thought to set our negroes free; 
Notorious rebel, where is he? 
Blasted for eternity ! 
Removed to where the wicked go; 
! may his friends but follow so ; 
With all his crimes upon his head, 
Now sleeps he cursed among the dead.