Skip to main content

Full text of "Original letters of eminent literary men of the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries:"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book tha^ was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world^s books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for Ihe copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain, A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in Ihe public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to Ihe past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usskge guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public doruain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
preveni abuse by commercial parlies, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Mcikt^ nofi-comwcrcial itsip of the- files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-com mere ial purposes. 

+ Refntin from tjitlomtiieii querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a (aige amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help, 

+ Maintain attribution The Google ''watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep ii legaf Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at http: //books, google , com/ 

££* iiirit (tnttidmi rnmdeni Q 









, ^^. ^ 

0^ 'jC--*^ ^AiJ^m, 






, 9'^7- f /4 







yj* Aftv J^ 


«^ W- -^^Irt^fi^ aifftj^m 



A^ff /t^mtj^ 


j||!e#//«. jHM^^Ay c^mHli^ ttcceojdf, &^ SM,nc ^^ //w r&^i^fJrtA 


offi^c^^imt f^f*4kf *0^ ^^'TXc--!*^** ^*/w/ ^^*^^ 

V 'in(y J^yL ^i"^'' 





j^^ i \ 

. ... /n.-^i. iP _j 














V ycZ"^ 

[so, xxnij 




FOR THE YBAR 1842-3. 


THOMAS AMYOT, ESa F.R.S. Treas. S.A. Director. 


JOHN BRUCE, ESa F.S.A. Treaturer. 


C. PDRTON COOPER, ESQ. a.C., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A. 









WILLIAM J. THOMS, ESQ. F.S.A. Secretary. 



Thb Gclitur of the present volume has little to &ay iu 
the way of Prc^fai-c. lILs first mteution was to have 
printed a d)Up(?tion of LtttiTS, chkfly of the time of 
EliEabcth and Jamcas thi^ First, oonlineJ to Curnden and liis 
more learned friends^: but he found that the iuteret&t Ukdy 
to be awakened by such a CollecUou would have been 
mam limited tliau the period embraced by the letters. 
He therefore enlargeil his plan ; and took his stand in 
|ioint of time from thi» side of tlic Reformation to the 
close of the eighteenth Century ; selecting from 0>rre- 
«pondence which he believed to be hitherto unpubhshed, 
such Letter of eminent Afen as it seemed useful to 

Many will be found hi the present CoUecti<m which 
throw U(;ht upon the liistory uf knowledge ; a few express 
the disa|ipointracntfi, and liome exhibit the intirmitie^ of 

The Letters of Camdeo, beflidca adding two or thrre facts 
to hift bio^aphy, have afforded the Editor an opportunity 
of rectifying the bibliographical hi&lory of bis great work 



the '' Britannia," and also of exhibiting the deference 
with which he was justly regarded by \m learned con- 

Tlie numerous Letters nddresi^ed to Sir Robert Cotton 
give some interesting particulars in reference to the forma- 
tion (if that wonderful Collection of Manuscripts which 
ultimately became the nucleus of the National library, 
and is still perhaps its most r&luable portion. Tliey also 
shew how liberally the scholars of that day were permitted 
to use Sir Robert Cotton's Collection- 

The Letters to ArVheloc give an interesting history of 
the found^ition of the Arabic I^ofessorship and Anglo- 
Saxon Lecture at Cambridge. 

ThuHe of Sir Symand« D'Eweis, be»idetf information 
that ifi strictly Uteraryj furnish important public iatel- 
ligence in reference to the Proceedings in Parliament in 
December 1640. 

The College Letters of Strj'pc contain some curious 
details of University life in the rei^n of Cliarles the 
Second, as well as of tlic early life of that as^iduouA 

But in biographical and personal intcreet thofie of Ray 
cannot easily be t^urpus^ied. His lusd. Letter, iu which 
he bade farewell to Vr. Sioane, is a melancholy but in- 
valuable memorial of one who will ever occupy a high 
•ttation amongst the most eminent men of our C*ountty» 
both as a naturaliat nnd a man of learning and piety. 

In selecting thu> Collection of Letters the Ediu>r has 


given a preference to such as having relation to matters 
of interest^ are also recommended hy the names of the 
writers. The reader will find the earlier part Letters 
from Udall^ Cheke, Bernard Gilpin, Ascham, Nowell, 
Dee, Stubbes, Ocland, Bodley, Speed, and Usher; whilst 
in later times he has specimens from Tillotson, Wanley, 
Prior, Hickes, De Foe, Tanner, Swift, Steele, Ockley, 
Heame, Nathaniel Lardner, the Earl of Macclesfield, 
Richard Cumberland, Dr, Franklin, and other celebrated 

Amongst those of highest interest and most recent date 
in the volume, will be found the Letters of the Abb^ 
Mann to Sir Joseph Banks, fii^t from Brussells and after- 
wards from the interior of Germany ; detailing the events 
and feelings of the day, at and after the time when the 
Austrian power ceased to rule in the Netherlands. 

For the Letters which have been selected from Ballard's 
Collection in the Bodleian library, the Editor is indebted 
to his friend John Bruce, Esq., the Society's valued 
Treasurer : and for the greater part of his information 
respecting the Abb^ Mann, to his Excellency M. Sylrain 
Van de Weyer, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni- 
potentiary from His Majesty the King of Belgium. 





3naob$ Utiai to 

. , . eomplftinififf q^ tm^oriu$itSt and cravinjf 
[Cottcn MS. Titu D, viit. p* 3:1< OrffO 

%* AnoDpl ihotc who iiiac4 lU? creilLl uf Btdii ScUuul in the niitcfiitU ceutivyv 
ft« «V« ■« more tfOBtf-buotu thtn Nkholu Udk]. Ed* vly It* htm " cIc^Btiuiiniiii 
OvaiBD boiunai Utennua mafiater. et cuum felidttimas iaCerpro,** 

Ableof k Wood, hav*v«r, •njt thut in U4] -"i liP wo* iimr li)*iRj£ bb fUcf , up^^n > 
•lirevil fuipldon of brini coaieioun to ■ T^bbRiy by two of bU icholar* of ccrWn lilTcr 
1bb^«* uuI olhdr pUic bfilun^Lu^ iv tbc CijII«|[c, wliicli tlicy La-I «oIJ to * lUvF/amiLh 
f« I^Nidnn,* Ufliil 4nil bin irhnUn tfPi« fTamined hr/orc tlap CoDn^il. unrT ^niirittfid 

to wmL Thij, fbr iha robbffrj, to Ibe otutodjr *^t the «lerk of Uic ohrqii« of tbt 
Kiai^* guard ; UdiiI»fcriiib<7onduct of mother ktnd, to tbt Minh&ljn.t Wood suff, 
MTi^tfdi UdftU ** WbKt b«(Ude of th« mitter I kno* not." From ibo coatffDtt «f 
Uw \jMKt bcre introiiiccd ta thn Koder. tberc caa be do doulrC Cbat Ud«l wu du- 
viLb«d from bLi MMCmblp* «Dd fftikd b hin AppUcatUm to bn reitorfld. 

SttfaMqucnUf be obtunc^l other prrferm^r. EIu vma nude Canon of Windsor In tlio 
Ii|jiml0[ of Kinie E'l^ird ih« Si>tli*« rvtjcn> luiil iii \hS^ wAt proenled lo th« liviDR 
«l Calborac* In (he lilc of Vigbi. H« died In ISff7. 

To wbon (hia JeUcr *■• mddnMed doc* ut appoar bf aor ovpcnoriptioa. Sir Tho- 

• Wool, Ath. Oron^Uirir^lt. TOl. 1. r«ll. 911. 919, 
t Acf» of PHvT CouocU, edited b^ S[r El. NicoU*. tot. Tii. p. 153. 
CfcMD, toe. B 


mm Tri«<Wi1>r i^ Sir U|4 

Right wonbipfoU and my ungbr |ood Uaister, Ahh^wigh I 
perceive your l«lH>ur for mr restiuition Co the roorae of Scliol^ 
muster in Eton not to hiTc taken sncbc <^ffccte u your MabtCN 

fihippcs good viU and mynd w^s, yet dooe I (ta 1 un moste 
lKiun<l to dooc) for your ^jtt tra^-mill, pcin^s^ and troQUe in tbii 
licUalf sufttcined, rcndre noo lc&3c thankes then if it bad succedcd 
and cum to passe accordjiig to niy reqocst and jroor wtistxx- 
shippca €xi)rctacion. And Iiavyng your Maistcrshippes faTonr^ I 
am and sbalt bo as well couteatcd that my solte liatfa not taken 
{iliur, A» I wold hiive been glad to bare reoovefed that rcmins 
wliicli I wa« ncrcr desirous to obtdn, bat oonly of an honest pvr- 
pose to diacbarge my debtee, and by title and Utle as I might to 
pave every man hi* own; most humbly bcscchyng yonr maistCT^ 
ship to extend yotir bcitigiio favour towardeft that purpose^and 
of your al>oundaunt pitie to sette your belpyng band to the 
bcstowyng of mc to suchc condition where I maye by M.»hre liT^■I:g 
bee recovered to sum stat« of an honest man. Lett not dc-spair 
soo depely entro into your moste gentle herte In tliynke me paat 
cmcadeniente, hul rather call to myiid that Pt}'nius sairtb turn 
demum pr(fcipuarH r9*r tlaarnii^ Uiudrmt cutn irtt cahsa Justiisima 
eW- lie needeth noo mcrcie nor forgevenes that halb not offended* 
Et qnU tandem morialium sapit koria omffiAmf Jmd fquo4 ait 

Si guotiri prccani komints sva/iiltni^ mittat 
Jttppiter, eTifftio tempore inermia erii, 
Wbat scrvBut Lath not contynunll nccdc of the domcncic of his 
ma'[stcr ? For my parte, as 1 cannot excuse myself but that 1 
have dciwrved yoar diapleaaurc and indignacion, so 1 trust myne 
t>Sen9ta hNniana ^ptidem e^t J et emendari pcise. And if piue and 
compassion m«ye more you to receive me to your gnce and 
favour^ I tmst ye abil) finde tlint this your corref>cjoD abaUheo at 
sufficient scourge to make me, during mr lif. mon wise ami more 


ware uttcrljr for ever to cschcwc and aruid nil kindcs of all Dinner 
cxoeti<Mv and iibu^cs that haTO been reported to rcigrjc la mc. 
For the lovt of ClErisL connidre in wliat irxtrctnttce^ Jiml distreNSC 1 
mn constitute. CVmHidre thai if ye should rrjcctc me an<l ca»t me 
of^ Uiougit I y\-trr in nuo maniiH dautigcr, yet do» man of ht>nor or 
hoootce woU titlicr K-<:civc mcj or duoe for mc, or fovour mc^ or 
loo1«! on me, Considre Uiat forf^fing your favour I xliaH Uiervitii 
aUo Ie<€ amicot, fortunate tpttttjur omstes, v^riftimaiiotitm dcnv/uff 
ac rUata, nor Urc vj. daics out of preson ; all whtche thyngc* 
(I trust to your hertcs rcjoycyng in lyme to cum) your oonly 
goodnes ma}'e aare and redretMC. Sens the tymc that your mau- 
tvr!<lii]i, at the intercr««ion of my ^nod frcndcs, proniiKi:^! upon 
fnyn 1)one:tt demean urc from tfairnafor the to be my good MaiKtirr^ 
to my knowlcge I hare not eftJti>rift olTciideJ^ And in what hca* 
vltiea^ Ui wbat somwe, hi what pensifnes of herte I have lii^ed 
acna loy cumniyng from TichefeLd though I wcr hablc to expreaac 
{vt indeede noo man is) it wold bee to your maivtenhip ihi^ret^ 
iWe. Noo alkenei, noo Io>s<j of worldly goode*, none ympresun* 
yiig, noo tormi-ntcv, noo death, noo kind of otlier tiiyxftirtuiie 
could hjtve pvrscd my herte, or made it in soodc«;pe a wound ma 
faath tUiit your displeasure, wliiclie wound, if it mii^hl please your 
goodnes with tJic aalre of your mernfutl coiripoMiiiiii to hryng for 
tida oon tyme ad t^catrieemf yc nhould not neeile in all your life 
again to frare n^ qnandti m^Q m/jra n7i«7Mr rrcnidr9i:rrci. Bee 
good maiatcr to rac ihia ootis, if cicr I shalbce fouinl agoiii to 
oflhud En any suclie kind of traiiagrenlon aa at thia tynte hatli 
pn>roked and aocended your iiidtgiiaciou aguiiiiil nic^ 1 aliall not 
cwnly bco myn own Judge In hoe accoampted f»r ever moat« un- 
wonhie the favor and good win either i^ your tiULi»tcrahip or of 
any otlier hone^ frend, but aUo to bee monte extremely jmniBb^d 
to itMnuampIc of all others j o* 7up iyi^viwii, uvOi* irOi* i ■ut^^q^^t 

n$ Uie PnrmfthtuiJ^ Tliongb I bcc not wortlijc to rcceirs any 
- Set Ua«, Dcof. tntkif. £4. IkwlertaMlL AwM- ITU. bi«a. I- p. «0&. 


ftivor lit the hftnd^ of your msistorship^ y^t w your j*x«llmtc 
}i?rte &nd noMe stomuke worthie to shewe favour. And like as it 
catiTiot hee chovn hut that th« more tendrely your mnifttenhip 
liAtb fnvoiirotl find loved me, the more grcTOusly th« tam« mu»t 
take my Ipwdnes And foly, even fto can I not deiipAir but that 
tlie more hatred of vice* that is rooted iu your moste honest 
ftnfl heroK&tl h(?rt«, ihr more propenie the snme ts to shewe 
mcrcic and forgcvcnes to nil suche as with wholl hcrte and pur- 
pone of emendemente without dissymuUtion retume to tlie 
hoboroe pathe of honestee, from whiche by youtii or frailt^ff tbei 
have chftiineed for a t}-me to svierve, I cannot perauad myself 
ttiat your mni!«tiM^Kipp hatx^th in me or clicwbomr any tliyn^ 
cxcepte vic«s. Neither can I any other tkynke or jndge then 
all this severitee towardes me to have preceded of your moste 
tendre Kele And good mynd oonlye of purpose to have my foly 
tl^iy redresisod, wbirb *^fFeot<^ if ye wer nertaln mtgbt thi^mf ensue 
(nx 1 tni«t in God ye ^liall fiiiH it) T have ronerivrd fbnl hopp of 
your goodncs that yc wold mther my person to hee saved then 
spilled; raUif^r to he refnrmed then ileatroyed; rather to mend 
then to periflhe- All vicc« t>f which T have becJ* notrd or to your 
Maittership aeeused hemg oons by tW rootea exliqiedj and in 
their placca the contmry vertue« with coimntaunt purpose of good 
conlynininre in the iiamp d<*pely planted, I trnst ye wold become 
better maister unto me aftir myn emendyng and reformacion then 
if I bad never in suche wise tranagreft&ed. And forasmocHe ai 
cxperimente herof eannot l>ce had wiUiout a pronf, it maye please 
youf maiKtenliip to use lowarfles me «tim moderacion, and in thi« 
to foloe the good fncicn of an indulgente and tendre parente^ ^ 
delrnt/ufniidtts iihejig non ante exhvma ntpjjJuta adwtovett qtiOMA 
rmudin rrmftimpitcni. If it maye please your goodnea to forget 
tliat ia past, »< itvri^ta* ^^cn'or^.r, quad (ir^ci di^ant, to prrive 
me oonii again,! doubte not byGoddcsgraccso lionrjtly to redubbe 
aU tbyngea that have been lunys and boo to um myself in all 
maner tliynges from benaforthe, that I woU (God helping) geve 


you more cauze to bee gbul cf ni« Uicn crcr yc had tc> Uikt dl%* 
plcftmirc with mc. And I doubtc noi but ibaL it shall mure 
Tcdoundc to your worslap, by your demencic tu Imvc made of au 
ondinfte an buiicst man, Uien through your extreme ncreHtee to 
auBrc roc utterly to bcc cant awnyc. 1*q Ikurtc, to i^ndpc, to apiti 
a mnn is a thyng of small gloric, and casic for every idad to dooc ; 
but to prcacrrf, or to recover a man from present extinction^ hoc 
tkmum ma^ e^cet^que tr^ j/encrojii est animi, TJic Orel** and 
Rotnain Histories be« full of tlie ymmortaU laud, glonCj and com- 
mendadoti of sucbc as in ca»cn like to tbis have, instccdc of rigor 
snd scrcrilcG, used suche inoderacioii of n>ynde, suchc Icnitcc, 
suchc gc:itlouca and clcrocaclc, that thei have thereby woonne to 
goodncs innumemble persons which by eKtrcmitie of rigor must 
necdcs utterly have hccn lo^ "Ncc ttitf uti eotifido, usqucadeo 
pcrJiiu vita meot ^uin tua donttatc adjruffcm rcnocari aiqtec redact 
^UHtms ntcadec deplorata ut nttUu* ne sfxi qaidf^m locus rHmt£U4ttur* 
Scipio Africatiu.t the elder (to vrhorn tl^c geutilc biatories dooe 
attribute this honourable tcstimonic that the Goddcn ytntuortall 
wotd hym to bee borne into this world that there might boe sum 
man in vhom vertuc, goodnc»> zuid huneattc should in all pointea 
nn^larly cxcelle, paatc, and nhewc itself) Ln hy the nclf same 
luatonc tncncioncd to have been of a vcray riottous and dissolute 
aoTtc of hvynge in his yout1i| and tlic rather thdrby to have growen 
aftirward to the mochc more excoUcncio of all vertues in the rest 
of his tymc, when he had oons shaken of that ympoteneic of 
Tolupttious appetites. It is also read of C. Valerias FJiiccuxj that 
[he wae in lus youth a famous cxaruplc of all riotousncs, and the 

amCf when he hod in pruccsso of tyme eonvorted hbi lif to tlic 
contraries heeam an example of all ft-ugalitecr religion, sobrictee, 

ad holjncsp infimtcly more bolnomc and prolitablc to the cookmcn 
; then he had afore been penncioua in t)ic same. Nod man 
at those daiea lived in more slaundre and infamie then did Q. 
Pat>ius Mnximusr being a yong man; nor aftir his Mioden eonror- 
aicu and cbaungeing of lif, nny man foi boDCstcc^ wiscdome, and 


gmvifr<^ with the name Fnf>ui» wcirtliw to bee eoinpnrpH. Oon 
I'olcmon of Athpniq, i^ PhiVr,* n man in hi« yinith not noitl^ 
drowned in voluptuounnea, but ^Ifio settyng bifl most^ H«1it« and 
Micit4-e in the veray infamw nf t)ii» tame; newly nriaen from ban- 
quitting imd rvvt^ltyn^, not in tbc cvrnyng afb^r !«oi>nni^ sirtti*, but 
in the morne aflir ftoonne risyng, and espying the doorc of X^IHV 
rratrJt M*hoolA opi*r, reaiDrlwl thither drunken na he vn.% wilfully 
to dinturbe not oonly the said Xenocmtwi (hen rradyngc k puMique 
lecture in philonophir, but htso nil his «iiditorie; X^nncn«tf*«, not 
chaungeing couiilenance at bis cumyng in but altering the matter 
of hl« readyng, hi*gan uumwbnt to deelnre of the feditee of riot nud 
dninkrn^^w, and of the rnmelyn*** of sobrictee, whi{?be Polemon 
hearyng waa «oi)d^n)y canrcrtcd, and from th^rniiforth^ hrmm a 
PliiVr • of scingulur gra\-ite?j of ineoni|>arHhle sobronea^ of moftto 
eonqtanti- vrrlunuBnos, nrid so oontynucd all biit lif iiftir If these 
penonrsi, nnd otlirn inonmemhln of like .<t9ort, hafl been taken at 
the wwnst, iii'ither thei liad nitpirivl to thii»e d*^ree« of mfi«te 
Uiidnhlc honc^ttu imd verrtie, nor siiche a« narvd thetm from the 
piM-ils and daunffera thcrof, and by their exeedyng gret tolenmeie 
hrmi^ht tlielin Vt gotidnes, hatl parehaaed that prease of nuMk'n** 
cion to th<*ir yrnmortall glorie. Ijeat UoiAt. ejcuinples nunivrhat 
tnove your maiatersbip to pitie and compassion for that that ia 
I>a«t. ard III hope tiiat I nmye ere now hee emended f*ir the tymrt 
In rtim. That if ye ean entreate your ntuale gentle herte not to 
bee inexorable nor iiiRcxible towanlcn me ycur poor servant, noo 
lease myndyng then to make full etneniles for all that in tyme paat 
hatli been OTuyfise, for llii^ sake that of hia infinite mercie freely 
forgave and dayly still forgcTcth to ua, being rnoste uiiworthte, all 
our offenses, and caslcth tliezm behind hia backe never aflir to 
cntwite or to remcmbrc them u^ini bcc for this oon tymc pitefuU 
towardcs me who by your niercie maye bee recovered^ and by your 
indignaciou mu£t necdes remedilcs pcrishc for ever. Henrif and 



iicc€pt4^ tKitt my ntOHto piteous LamentR^ion, proe?d}'ng from ttio 
botom of my herle, being moate sorowfull tlut it should het my 
chauDce to mciirrc your in<ii{(nftcicTi. Aorrpte thtu myn lioncit 
choungc from vice to vcrtuc, from proJlgftlit<^c to frugall livyng, 
from npf3;V<;;e[>cc of t^nc-byng Xo uuMtluit^e, from playe to fttudie, 
from ligiunvx to gravlter ; nor estomc it tlic wtimc or t}ic lighter, 
for thftt it bcgynn«th of rcpontniincc, but ratljcr iicmundc yourself 
vhnt th« came repcntauiice «ha11 atill remein within my breui as a 
contynualt spurre or (home to pricke and to quicken mc to 
goodnc« from tymc to tymt^, ns oftirn &■ nccdtf aIiaII require : And 
tlint ye thynke not that I mcane any wursc ot any lea«e then to 
approve my^e lioneit muner of lii-ying. And lo cout*Mite wid «atis£o 
tbe myndcM of all xucb aa upon any occaaion hare cotiEseivcd any 
ill opynion of inc, I fihatl not require of your miEURt^rKhip nry 
thing, but ooiilr tbat witbout whirb noo mnn ran live, and nliicb 
shall pl«abG your maij^tcrtbip to ulLowfi me as ye see cause, and 
none otbrrvriiw; ; bcscchyng tbc isamc if yo ponsibly mave to forget 
that is pa!it and cannot nowc bo a^^Lin undone, and oons again lo 
take expcrimento of me, and as ye aball find me sioo Co nac nia, 
cong»d«ring alvaycs that an another besides me mnye happen to 
doo« amys ko maye 1 as u-ell as another emend, and tvberc percajte 
tfi-M aiitrni t»a^Undo aHtmum ttturtt deitfrr^t^ I double not^ liavyng 
your maiBtersbippos favour nnd |;oo<I heipe, to boo hnble to nhnkd 
it of uitbin two or three yeres at Uic uttirmuat by soohe mean«8 
aa I shall decUre unto your mnixtembip if it tnaye plo&se the lanM 
to hcarc mc, and help me, whereby 1 Kholhco [us 1 am alreadie) 
moHte bounden io praye to God to prcAen^c and contynue your 
good maut4srwbip long in health an<l prospeiitec. 

Tour mo«t boundcti orutour and »ervaun1e, 

Nicoi^Aa Udall. 




Sir John Chcke (o fiis/rimd Mr, Ptttr Ostome^ Q/amiliar Mttr, 

[Un«4. MS. t. art. V». OHpO 
%* Peter Ofthora^, to vhon thii tctt<r U addrci«rf], «n« « dtlEen o^ l.ondoRp wild 

of tha Rir)i«tuer. MuijroflH* Iwtm ^ l^rd Bur^hlry, upoa lubjnrU of oomn 
Cul policy, Mf pnxTTvd dmoaf Ihc t^(i*down« MunoKripU. At ■ Ut«r period Iw^ 
wu one ol tho JExfniitor* la the viU of Arcbb^hop Puicr. 

Itio L'ottobkb M!». Vopu, C. lir. fot- 19(j, prrMrvf* '* Tlie Proccatfoa tl tbt 
PbnenU of M"** AnB4 Oibunic nidtiwc, littc aifb lo Petrr Oaboroe. K«qit£erp tVt«- 
nirtn Rfm^mltritaoM' of the Eiche^n<^, tbe lut of Tebnury IfilA," Sir ThoiAM 
Chckc mid Sir PrCrr Otbamv vera among tb« ttouroer*, ^Dd Ladj Oiboraf cbicC 1 
mouiner. Sir Tbomu Ctioke, the {r«ud*oa of Sir Johaf mtmcd rct«r Oebcrac*! 

1 folc Oie i-aii1me of quietnea, being toftt afore with storms^ 4nd 
hnvc felt of Ambitions bitter gal, poisoned vritb hope of tuip. Audi 
thcrfore 1 can be men on the bankes side without tlAngring miadf 
on the s«a« W Hight ia ful of g«i tliingv abrode, which I desire 
not, u things ^ufBcientli knowi; and vatcwd. O what pleasure is 
it to Uckc pleaftures. and how honorable is it to fli from honors 
throws. Among other lacVjt 1 lack painted bucrum to loi bctmreyno 
bokes and hordes in mi studi, whidi I now have trimd. I have 
nedc of \x\ yardes. Chose you the color. I |>rai yow hi me a 
rcme of paper at London. Fare ye wch With commendAcons 
to y^ Mother, M' Lane and his wife, M'. and M"* Saxon, with 
other. From Cambridge tbe xxx of Mai 1549, 3 £, 6\ 

Y" known, 

Joan CuEKEi 
To Ilia lofing Fremle, M', Peter Osboroe. 



Bernard Gt^n to Sir Witliam. Ctai; thanks him /or thi ffteat 
comfort Atf yare Am w/tUe nmier trouU^ of minif, through 
t^rprthfnsiontif the turt ht had tmirrtokfn , that hf trill hit in 
rent&nev to prtitr.h he/ore the Kitt^. Dr<r. A. J). 1^52. 

I Unid. MS. 3. art. l4> Ohf.J 

*«* HrrljQ, ta bli ('Imr^h Hihiury, iHli u» th^it tt thp tiRi« of ihs Rtforattlittn iC 
V** «iit(i>D]Ar;f t\it tliuic hIhi i«:ci*e<l |]|-cfar(uriil fiuTii Mir Court Lu |>rii]u:1i h iir-nnoii 
Ivffin- 111' Klikg. RrrnnrH Giljiin, by Ihf t»rcr«aT oTfricuiI*, Utt in th« Hijrii cf £dfrarj 
the $txih, rtceif*4 th« myil nomiiintiun lo llir ttnm^e of Norton^ ^n thf d)n<T«(< of 
Diubun. lie vlFwcd tlic mipoa*H»lht^ of t\u% Hpjuiintintiit villi dtlKdfiicCi but htA 
bn inir in vbcjing the onkr lo iimch hrrurc ibc Court llii Sfraion ^u tppluudrd 
tbcft And lung Altrnonlfl, 4* a iratirknbl? inttniic<^ of (be boMiLC*» nith which tha 
RlOmicn of nur Chorrh lifted thfir vcii^tn in (]i« chum? »[ Tirrtii; aud n^liifioii. The 
Kiag «id lu« nJ&tlTcra, u tic Icato fnxn Ibc ^icrmon iucLf> ncrr abteot on tbii ocoi- 
doSf bul Ailpui midtr nn r^ trmport nddltioEi to «h«t bo had pn-pnrcd. Hid »pok« to 
ibclr Kvui u If ibrj had tnvn prv^rnl- 

n« Sprfi>on ififlf wni not pubtiahcJ CiLI witbia ivo jeui «f tiitpia'i d»tb. '* A 
godlj Sermon pTcuLif^dln thf Court U GiYmfvlfh tbe An( SundifAftrf the Epi- 
phBue. Anna \i:,'i. And \a ibe «)M ji^re »f ibc n^gnc of Iudj; Edwud tLe Siit. tho 
right fodlj cjid Tfrtdciui King of fumou asd bli^nril momfirif. bj B, B. Inii^HntfJ by 
7ho. Mjddleion, ftr Tbonm* Mad. Lond. 1681. 16*.'" It wm rcprlnl«I by llitthdp 
CatlHon Id IC^C. in lh« 7d tdieion nf Ma EofLbh l.ifi ofGilpia i mnd by Uilpin-M 
iiaouid«at. the Ret. WilLiun Gilpin, in 17^3. 

Sarttt*, b bU HjaIoij of Durliiin, Ivicc kCirp* Gilpin to fatve brcn prr«eil(cd to 
Ihe viouig* of Nortoii in lAJl ; bvc, wbatrvrr miy haic htvti the delay of Ui« tnitilD- 
Uw, k b dcv frMn Ihb LrtUr tbat br wu pntculcd (u li in iMf. 

Clarissimo vim dominr> Guiliclmo Cis<jllo,eqtiiUauralo, Tlloft- 
trlMimo Ref^i noKtro a sccrctis, et uni ex auguatissimo 
iUoSmatu qui Vu^tt MajesUti cstacoruiliis^Bcrnardus 
Gil|)iiLU» fe]icitttt4m (»plat aempitcmam. 
Dici non potC5t> rir illiisirissimc^ in quot quantaaque cures, me 
nupcr conxcsait vcbcniCDS qaorumtUm amicorum er^ me .stuflium, 
doniy mc iDScioTitc> ct pnos minimc consults, Rrgirv \fiiicHtiili4 
pras^tatiotieni a<l Curaro t^uandam ecclesiastical, HcgiK mana 
mj^naUm, milii icnpctraruiiL Htnc me cletcrrebunt innumeia pcri- 




ouIa, qns (ut pasntm xicne not doeent Titfiia) pastores vcl ob 
levCKD negligentiam, ncdum improbitatem. undique ciicumvallant. 
Hinc me soHicitum tcniiit mcoc infirmitatis consciirntaa, qua, ob 
tionriulloft qiios in mc wnticbam dcfcctus, ed pastoralis officii 
curiun noil satis videhar idoneiiH, Aut nmturus. Scd cum tandem 
persuasum e-sftP-t Dei (;s«c* \'ocationi'in, sine cujus ofTensa Bubter* 
fugere iion po^scm. cea&i tandcni illonim volis. Quod ubl fcci»* 
scm crcvit mirum in moduni curarum moles, quod onus subii«sem» 
cujus pondus et graviutem pijtiiituit i^iiorarem. lu bis crumoia, 
quas ego (Dcuni tc«tor) ^n\'isstmas luli, adco ul nee Aoiimus 
tiec cibus dulcia mihi Wdcretur: postcftquftin iid tuAm pruden- 
tiam sum misflus* mjrum in modum, mcrstum arimum, tum vir 
oriiutiMKime, indicibilix dementia ct boiiitiut eonsolata cat, Lite- 
ms mcfts iii(?ultas quidem ilUs ansceno vultu cxrtpisti, OKoniam 
rcdcundi facultatem. ubi concionein coram rcge ex sanctiMirao 
qiiodam dccreto habcndam, commodius mcditanrr^ libcntissime 
concessinti, Ila^c cum \^r indytua et omni cmditione clams 
mibi Don literate^ scd litcrarum amatori, propter piimi quo 
boras prosequitur litems Hiudium tani benigne pw&titerit : 
quis buniii Uteris t&ntam fclicitatem ntm grntulctur, qucc tantum 
nactee ainl patronum qui propter sumnrnm tjua apud rej^cai valet 
aulhoritate> & po&ait et vclit \pm literiv, qnarum beneAcio ml 
taiiiam lUj^nitJitein eveetus ftit bterjitisque onini1>U5 in cnusis 
bonestis palrocinari. Ego cum con alitcr tibi ob insit^ncra crga 
me benevo!ei)tianif trrati antmi mei contextatjonern exhibere pos* 
»enit fncrrplo l:oc nidi et iiiroiieinno id prwstitrc %nm conatUK- 
Malui aeribendo inscitiam prodere. quam tacendo ingralitudinis 
nota inuri. Ad teropm quod mihi tua pr<e»crip»it domination 
diem nimirum dominicam, fe^tum Kpiifb:itiia? pruxime »equen1em, 
(Deo voleiite) injutictum mihi concionandi munus pro virili cxe- 
quar, quo peracto, si non omnino I'idebor indigtms tuam bontta*- 
tcm itemm alque itcrum omtam velim, ut pradicandi poteatatem 
mtbi a re^ia ^fajeitale velit impetirvre* Qua nic usurum spcro, 
ad I>ei gloriiun ct honorem, Evaugelii fnictunit&amniaram sala- 




tem; quod fiixit ChriHtus^ qui tu>m doiainuuooem reipub. Chris- 
tuuUQ diu pnpstetiniTolumcn). VilIo, 

OxoulsQ, pritlio D. Tliomso apottoU. 

Tui li4>uoritt obuervniUitiMiuus, 

niuatii&suno viro Dommo Gmlielmo 
Ciuello lUuKtritBimo Princlpt noatro 
Bdou&rdo ncxto a iccretiB^ Itemque a ConsilUa troani*. 

Suffer AgcJiam to Sir tyiiUam CcciX, from ViUacha in Cari/itkia, 
[UnvL MS. 3. ut, 1. Oriff.] 

'«* Two or Routt AHTiim'a Lvtier* «rv hm inlroduprJ t^«in oik <tf Ibo Vfjifmc* of 
cb« Jrfin*doime Colt«ciba. TTii<r li*^' be*n prinlfd beron> in the vdilJon of Aaahftoa'i 
Wait* pablUhcEl ia IhU ; hut* irltli niioli nrtot* nt trnu^cnjilioiL tint |h« r«i(Ur niif 
Kat uiUreil he *et* tbcui En cEie jirnicni V'uluuiv, for Ihc fint limCi in tbvif geauino 
■vd nmt foTU. 

A«4»im «•■ # Buo of flfgani luirid i onv of fh« moft 1?itrn?d. flud onr of Vhr mott 
(iinviul OMD oi bU dftf. Ud died Dec. 3mh. t&S8. Whtu Qumu Eliiabetli h«rd 
^ ftnm of lib Jetlli, jitif^ ndnifitf J >lic wi>uld rather hot'c throwa Icii thoufluad |muuJ« 
Into tb« iM ihM b«'e loic bcr Atcbam^ 

Right honorthle Sir William C&cill. Yoomhortr Ipttrp, dofullof 
good vriilj evory word, towanis iite> h&th browi^tu me rnor« comfortet 
in this my farre nl)sence from my i^ontry ftAe tidinrfa only of M>^ 
Clu^kiw r#yH»-<Ty rK«*ptw1) (hnn nny thing that liupt viito m<», 
th»ea iik&ny years. Mmt gtnd I nm, that it piciutcth yow 1 mny b« 
y**, ai»d as sure I nm, L shal rcnsc to be my owne, u'hmi 1 shall 
learnt lo Itbor to be ritherwise. And I pray ttod my hahilif ia may 
he SI) htt}ipi(*- in dciyng ftfimwhntr as my piirpou* is prcrisHir hcnt 
to mynde &!! dewti^^ and scnncc tov-ard your Mnstenhip. And if 
n ihall here afti?r findc me ro lesse rendy to deserve guod wilV^ 
than tn lirKtri*. profHt, aiul ^s diligent to |)lnuie you n'ith d^iwtlc;, a.% 



to troMc vow with sxiXca, tlmn lettfl your promise of jrntl^m^ 
ikiid iikv visbp of your favor be tii^aled up with that wgnc of good 
vr\\\ v}i]chc did well appeare in euery word irr}'tten in your most 
yuti^- Leitre, 'Djie* f«-w wonieft, tim« ment, shnl, I (ru»t, for UiU 
tymc, do thr mrjtftAgr to your ^fastt^^*hi^l of my willing dewtic, 
uhieb licrp oftcr kUM he na n*fidy, Ciod willing, to do yow long 
and Long service, as my lettrea tir now of purpose shorte, for feftre 
tif Irobliii^ yftur im»*t wrigliti^ ufBiyreK, 

hff. Ijc^vct* wrr»t<* unlo mo n jnyfidl r>cttrf> of M'. Chckfts mott 
liAppir rpj^rtory, prnyirig to God in his L^ttre that Englond may 
be thnTikfull to fiod, for rostorinfc suf-'li a man ugein to the King; 
rnd udt pmycil trrwiie., btifc 1 am tbuH iirmiJie perxuail^d that 
God wist and wold we wold be thnnlcfotl, nnd tJiNvfor 1if>Atflw«1 
this hen^lite upon us. Gods wroth^ I trust, ia SAtisficd in punub- 
ing diverse Orders of the realms for their ndsordre, with taking 
awny singider meu from them, as learning by M'. Buccr, Coanaell 
by Mf Di-nny, noliiliiie by t}ie two youii^ Uukes,** Courting hy 
jentlv Rbiy.o, 8. Jolinx In- gi>od Klimd.'^ But if Lernlng, Counsell^ 
Nobilitie, Courte, and Cambridge, shold have bene all punisshed 
at ones, by taking away M'. Chcckc to, then I wold have thowght 
onTe miAcheef bad b«n so mochc as did crye to (iod, for a general] 
plage, in Unking away soeh a general and oncly man, as M' 
Cheeke is. 

S'', if 1 might be so hold I doubt not but your Kfsbip is wel 
ware in aeeing our lettres fittly disaijihered, leat ihfi/aUax of com- 
pofficiou and di\"iMnn (a* you know better than I) do sometyme so 
invi^rti? the sentence as in the self ^ame words thus joyned or so 
separated, a clear otlier mynd ii)ay appeare in reading, than was 
incnt in writing ; and bicause 1 jiereeyve tliis iii »pbnngj I tbirk 

• TliDiuu LeiTcrr. Mwttr of St. Jobn'f Colle^*, Crjmbridffe, I,Sfil. 

^ Hruiry UicI ClmlttAt Miiki of i.'hstirr JJuke uf Suffolk, wbotc kLaoil vtiavJlmrOOi 
ftadii n B «1oc|iu&Uf dMchbnl bjr WUtoo, iu Ut Aft* «r Rbctori^u*, ili». Load. 

■ Ucarj CUnd.or Abt^ndt, FcUo* of £t. Joho'iCt>Ue(c, C«mbrlitfe. 



olhcr may perhaps light upon the aanie in <II»ipTiniitr. And llius 
for Uii?* tyme, I will take my leave of your M'ship, purposing; else* 
irimn to tiobie yow with the taulk of lonRcr leltres, if I may lern 
that your genlleue^ will warrftnt my buMnes there in. The Lord 
kepe yaw, my goo<l Lady Cecill, and all yours. From Vilkcho in 
Cannthia the xtj of July 1552. 

Youra and commaunde me» 


TIic right honorable S*" Wilhn 
Cecyl, Knight, one of the two 
prionpall 8e<^rctArie!t tj tlic 
King's Majeiitttf. 

Rogfr Aschatn to Sir iVUliam CecU; fietires to retttrn to Cam- 
bridffe and spend his ftft fhere^ rather than abroad^ or in the 

[MS. LtfiMl. 3. 111.39. OHjO 

if I alioM write oft ye might tliink me to bold, and if I dyd 
IcKVe of, yc mi^ht }mA^c me e\-ther to forf^H your jentleneiise or to 
miatnist your good will^ who hath allreadyc so bownd mc unto 
yow &s I Khali rather forget myself, and wiashe God also to forget 
me, than not labor with all diligence and menicc to apptie myself 
hoUe to your will and purpose. And that ye shall vreU knovr 
how moch I a&aure my &elf on yoLir n^oodncssic, 1 will passe a 
pcece of good manners, and he hold to borow a Utie of your 
anoauU leywr fumi your weighlie iiJhiirt:'* in the comon welth. 
Thcrfore^ if my IcUcrs aball find yow at any Icysor, thei wol troble 
yow a litle in telling yow at lenfl;ht, as I promised in my last lctU;n 
deliverd unto yow hy Mr. Fniiicis Yaxelcy, whi I am more deair- 
oat to have your help for my staye at Cambridge stylK tliaii for 

1«STT»« 0¥ 8UIN»NT l^tTCIlAllY KSN. 

any olhcr tcynde of living «Uc wlierc, I h&iing now sobq «xpfr* 
rience of liffe liul at home And abrodir, um\ knowing what I can Jo 
mo»t fitlic, nnJ liow I wold live most gladllc, do wet pcrrcyro 
their ia no soch quietncHsc In Kn^^Und^ iior pleasur in strant^ 
conlres, aa even in 8. Jons Cotledg to kepc company vrith the 
Bible, Plato, Aristutlo. Dcmosthcncst and INillie. Whlchc my 
choine of quictiics is not purposed to lye in idlcties, nor con- 
sCrayned by a wilfull natur bicausc I vol not or can not serve el^e 
whcre^ whan 1 truat 1 cold applie my self to mo kyndea of lllfe 
than I hope any need nliall ever drive me U* seeke, but oidie bi* 
cauBCi in c1](jsin|( aptlyc for myself^ I migbC brini{ torn proflct to 
many others. And in this myne opinion I stand the more sUdlie, 
bicause it is ij^rowniled upon the juds^ement of worthie Mr. Ilennye. 
For the Somer twclvemonLli before he departed, dynuor and sup- 
per he had me comonlic with him, whose excellent wisdom, 
mingled with so pleasant mirtli, I can never forget ; cmon^s 
many other tanlks he wold saie oft unto me, if two dewtics did 
not eomaund Iiim to nerve, Ui'oii bi» prince^ th'other hia wifTe, lie 
woidaurdicbecum a student in S. Johns, sayng, "TIioCgrle^Mr, 
'* Ascam, is a place »o fllipperie, that dewtic never so well done, iss 
" not a ataflc stifle ciiouirli to stand by idwaise very surrlie ; where 
*■ j'c shall many tymcarcpe most unkyndneasc where yc have sown 
"RTeaCest pleaaur^, aiul lliose also readyc to do yow moch hurt, to 
"whufn your never intended to t}iink any harmc;" which sentences 
I hard vL-r\* gUdlic than, and felt tliein sone after my aelf to be 
trewe. Thus I, 6rst by mN'n own natur, than mo^'ed by ^ood 
cownsell, after driven by ill fortun, lastly caidlod by quiotiies&e, 
thought it good to couche myself iti Camliriilj!;e a^yn- And in 
very deed to many be plockt from thcns l>eforc thci be ri]>e, 
though 1 myself am wilhcrd before I be ^atherd ; and yet not so, 
for that I liBVc stand to long, but rather beeause the frule whidi 
I hearc is so very smauU. Yet seyiig the goodlye eroppe of Mr. 
Checke is alniOHt cleeii carryed from theus, and I in a manrarr 
alone of that tymc left » standing stxafj^ler, per»dvenhir, though 



mj" fnite be very «maul, yet, biwxuie the growod frnn* whcni it 
spTving wa» «o good, I may yet he thought somwhat fitt for nc^ede, 
vrhsin hU yow the rest ar t«k<*n up for better «tare, wlier^witfi the 
king nnd his r^ftUne is novr £0 uublie served. And m Boch n scbT" 
titie^ both of tho«« that were wortliehc eauLled uw«y when thci 
'vrere fitt«, and of soch t,* unwUclic pArtc from thons hcfori? thci 
\w n-adyp, I d&ro now holdcti mynelF, whttn the h««t he ^n«, to 
do Honi good cmoitg the mean that do tarry^ trusting tlint my 
diliget>ce aliall deale with my distifthlUcier *nd the ruUtcr herause 
the desire of thoting b to well shot awnyc in me, oyther cniled by 
tyme or left of for better pnrpou*. Vet I do amUiM to misUke 
idioting to nioch which hsith hrnc^ hilherFo Tny he«t frende. And 
eren now looking b«tck to the plm^ur which I fownd in it.> and 
perc^yvirig anmnl] repentAnce to fnlow after it hy PUto^e judgo- 
n>eui, I muy think well of it. No- it never c^idled me to go fmm 
my bnolcr, hnt, it madr both wit.ttf* tht* ht<iLjnr^ and will tht^ n^^idier, 
to nin to it ageyn. And perchniic^ goyi^g htirk nomtyrnr fn>m 
]en>yng, may »erTe even »s weJI^ aa it doth at leaping, to pas3« 
■nm of thoM whi4<W kf*pc aliraiKi* Lhi>Tn utAnding at thrn^ hooker 
BeftMe that keekiiii^ enrnp^ny and experience of mens manen 
ftbfode, in a tilte rcmedyr for the sore wJicrewith lerited mt^n, 
nuny men »ay, be much infectcil withsdl, whid^e is, " the hrstt lemed 
not alwaise to Iw wii»r*it." A Krut^nrc^ not upoken of *iom foT 
nought, yet nturd, for the most phrle^ in the mowthe of 4toche as 
eyther know not wtiat thei Kate of ignomnce, or enre not what thd 
vpc«ke of spite. Thei ihinV SimpHcrUie to be folye, and voteltte 
to b» wisdom. TlM?i jndgc hanlifull men to hr. nide, and put- 
shAmfa to be well manered. And after thios mens opinion, if a 
nwn be not »i>Xwr^yjj«y in *k)yiig, or will not nXrovrKntv in all 
nmtiora for proffet, or lirt not ciirpo^iXtfrrTt all persons for favor^ or 
ean not AwrfntrrXi$ftra*it at all t}*mea for pleaaar, or to apeakt; most 
fitlie with S. Paule, if he do not holie »x^^«Pf?*flfoii rodry ry nt^f* • 
ha aIuII be covjited of tliem ffttJnjt, 4(nir>fivfiXa< and infpttt^j how 

* It fhonU U (n>fr;q7Sfxn'jV'<^ t^ ilI»m rvirtp. Ram. ill. 2. 



Icrncd, velumncrw), nnd fit to many good qualifiers so ever he }ye t 
but 1 am affrByd ye will tJiiuk tijat ! go about more eamcsUic 
than cniftelie, eytJicr to excuse myn own laulU* of to mocli negli. 
genr^ in studirt nt Cambrider. or to hide mync own folic of to Title 
cipencncc hi affaires abrode, yet in \erie deed I will neyther 
fondf^tic accuse myn own lackes, nor bailie tiDt« other mens loatie 
and luckyc boldncs. although exampV^, men wiie, be neyther olde, 
fax to be fetched^ nor fcwe tu be noinbrcde, but yong, at iioaic, 
and of diverge names. And thus by charce in temembring Shoting 
I hftvc Eilmost forgotten my niatier, and your niaRterships litle 
leyflor on so fprcat affaires, Therfor, sir, to be ahortc, ye bind me 
to serre yuw for everj if by your sule the kynfces majeatie wol 
graunt me this privilege, that, reading the Greek toiig in S.John's, 
I ahold be bownd to no other statutes vithin that universitie and 
colledge. And aom reason I have* to be made free and jorney- 
man in Icm^-ng, whan I tiave allready nerred out tliree jirentya^hips 
at Cambrij^e. This sute aUo, ] trust, i» not made out of season, 
whan ihinjeea ar rather yet to be ordred by the grare of our Visitors, 
than by tlie law of any statute, but I hearc snie the Visitors hsre 
taken this ordre, thst every man shall professe the studic eyther of 
divinitie, hvr, or physick, and in remembring tltus well Krgland 
ftbrode, thd have in myn opinion forgotten Cambrig it self. For 
if flom be not suflferd in Cambrigc to make the fourtli ordre^ 
that ia surclie as thci Hat, to studie the tonges and sciences^ 
tVother three shall nayther be so many as thci shold, nor yet 
so Kood and perfitte ns ihei mightp For law, physick. and divi- 
nitic need so the help of tonH:es and seiences as thei can not 
want them, and yet thei require so a hole man's atudie^ as he 
may parte with no tyine tn other lerning except it be at ccrta^nt 
tymes to fetch it at other men's labor. I know Universities 
be instituted cnelie tliat the rcalme may be served with 
pTtacberSy lawyers, and jihysicions, and bo I knew Likewise all 
woodcs be planted onelic eyihcr for building or buntyng ; and yet 
good husbandea, in serving, use not to cut down all for tymbro 




m&d fiicU, hut ]£2ivc ftIwniK« Ktnntting som good Itig on«, to be the 
defen*« for the ncwo spring*?, 'ITicrfare if som were to planted in 
Cftmbrige, as tJioi ehold n^yOier bo carryec! airaj^ to other places?, 
nor dis^^yv lb<.-rc for Itick i>f livings nor be bownd to profcs^ft ii«> 
cue of the ihroc, bat borid them »clf hoUo to h^Ip furtvard nil, I 
bolive, preachers, bwyvra and pli yak-Ion a tthold spring in noiobrc^ 
utd grow in bigrte*, more t^inn cnmonlio tlici do. And ihoagh 
your MaslcrAblp f^t mc tlio privilodgc, yel, (Jod iti my iudj^, 
8«npturc ftbold \>e tuy chccta stuciic, wU«re in 1 wold tr^ut, cythcr 
hj wrytingor preaching to thovr to others the waV} both of troth 
ill doctrin^ aik) trcx*' dcalin:* in living ; yea, tf I do not obt^vn this 
sut^T of Iib<!rtie in hniing, where I am aure 1 eold do moeh good, 
titan I bcnicho your Kfa^tersihip help to bentowc ftomc title b«nc- 
6ro on nic, tvberc I nii^ht tn s corner occupic the ititinulL talent 
\Tbich God bath lent mc. And if I tdmll be neytJicr !to luckyo aa 
to injoyc the first, norjuil^d fttc to IwcouM to the 9Ceond« than 
there is a tlrird kynd of living, whcrin 1 eold find in myn hartc to 
leedc my liffc for a while, if your MJitdom will mc, not otbcmlse, 
and that in in leyng abrode in som straagc conlryc for a yeare or 
two- Thi* Inat dayc an I Uiulkrd with a Sig**' Marco Antonio 
Damula, thambfLf^odor of Venice, to whom I am cxceding moch 
behulJcn, he naid unto me, tf I hud deaire to live for n yeare or two 
in ConstAntinoplc, Damnjico, or C^yro, he void provide I shold 
be In phcc where 1 ahould be pirtuker of weiglityc iiflairea. I daid, 
my dcttire waa bent moch that wayc save oriclic I wold not l>e in 
pUoc to recryvc any wageae, more than the betxefit of a table, inary 
in rcidins with fromc giest inAn, whiin Irisor nhnid tjivc leave, the 
o>ur?c uf the gruh Moiics or other parte of lcrmi)ff> I cold indc- 
TOUT mywilf, but I wold live surclte by the benefit of my prince 
and contryc. Tie aaid ifhc had known my purpose befurc XiLvugtN , 
liuH went Uiii AmlmHs. to ibeTurke, lie cold mu Imve plnccd mc, 
■n t ahold hereafter hnvc cauid ^ him much thank, Therfor. sir, If 
I do not obteyii nejlhcr of my requustca at home, 1 Irust, I cold 

• Ac MS, 


LRTTena oi' EMiNKrfr i^itriiary ub.v. 

do the kyngc^ majestic good service, and your mnntcrsliip mc 
pleftsurahrode, hydili^'eiit ftdvtrti^omcntcs of jilTrtires I'rum Uieni 
if bf your menna the kynges majestic for a ycnru or two wol 
Ijcstow som honest fttij>end on m*? that myn mterteyTJJucnt fp 
home might ho give me crcdit4f ahrodr as I might hare liotli UbertiA* 
to lem^ and leyHor to wTyt«. aoche ihmges b& were woithic to cum 
to your knnwledgi*. Sir, my trwst i% ye will not judge me uncon- 
atJirit, for this umversitie in choice of my living, but raliier one 
that wold leveat live, fu I find my self fittest to serve my princ 
and my contrye; for, ns Qtu\ Iw my judge, 1 Jia^I rather folovre 
fitnesflc in my sdfe, then serchc proffct in any Hving, otherwise I 
wold not prefere such a kind of bring at Cambridge as I do whan 
divinit Jawyera, and pHyMctans have aneht? irAsey prefermentes to 
ao goodlic provisions as thei have. And if I might without suitpi- 
cion of foHe declare mjni own opinion of niyn own fitnea, than 
I cold Btay T have mi»t whr*re 1 thought my self somewhat fitt to 
serve and ihut was the place which your manternlnp did obtftxti of 
the kynge.s maje-stit^ for me^ but. your gondnoiH that wold do that 
I know will do me as good a torn whan occasion ahall serve Uiere* 
unto. Thus as I wrote on* I ween to your mastership, I have 
made my Intrji, and set them in ordre, ax I wixshe tlicm to <'hanco, 
and if it plea«fi your wiadom to draw for me, even as 1 know ye ean 
discerne the fittest so shall I esteem it to he the luf^kiest, whatso- 
ever xliall rum first to your hand. And lliink not tJiat your 
jenl]imeJ9 doth more boldcn me now to make thissute^ than it doth 
bind me for ever to he at your comaundment, as God knoiveth,vrho 
have yow and all yours in his keeping. 1 wold be glad lo liere tliat 
ye have rcceyred thtea letters. From Bmxi^ls, the xxiiiith of March 

Your Ma»ter»hip» 

to comaundc 

R, A^ciiAU, 
To tlic right honorable Sir William 
Cecdl knight> one of the two 
priucipall Secretaries to bb 



' John Cheke^ a priwntr m the T&wCTf to Queue Martj, deelarhf 
kis readiness to obey her Laws attd other Orders of Heiigkm, 

*f* Thi« ii t^ LcUtr which Sir John Chclu ndtlroKil te the Qooenr pn*Ioitf tA 
kla RfCJkDCAllon. 1l Ktuhda Liipmil^d in iL«i LaniHownt Tofui"*^ to tlii aqloi^ph of Iub 
Dsrtirstion " de VcritaU carfiorii «t tiinfulain Doialnt io EucUaritti&>" Hii life w«b 
•pared. «ftd ht vu H«ued from ]iD|iri>mmi!Dt l bat mnonr ml «o liMVjr nn hi« mind 
Oat h« pLDfidftWif with •hout Ukd rrgrrt. Upon rrTnovLri)[ rruiii tliDTo««r he rcllred 
U the houfe« of hi* friewt Peter OaboroCi drm^j lavolUibpJ, in Woud'^Uvct, Choap- 
■id«. whtte he dkd S^t 13, 1557 : ftud vti Intcrrrd ia Fhit nofihhaarini: church of 

Pirjuc.tli it Yonr Majefltie to vnderetan<le that in m»tf«rR of 
Religinn I have deMnred my full mynde unto Your MstjeMtif.^ atid 
by your veriuciu* mul Irarncd ohnplrn Mr Deait of HaullH, truit- 
Likg timt as it %% truly mynded of m<*, so your Hightnw will agre- 
abLi^ rereavo it. I f>t-*e<.*he your Maj<^atie tlierfore as 1 have 
been and nm your f;iithfuU vuhjcct, whom I do Gut Uoda ministcT 
ftythfuUy honor and serre, th«t Your Uighnes will have that 
opinion prett^nt of me thttt my fftithfullncit 1 trunt and dpwtie 
Ikorartcr Nliftll «houo unto yow. vVnd 1 trust, smong? mnny o}>efiient 
find quiet subjects which God itt^relh Your Uighnos with, I 
ahalbe founde, though not in hahtlittc of other (jufllilies, yrt in 
will and rodincs ttnd obedience of Your Lawes and other ord«r8 
of Religion, tts gUdd to s^rve and obeye u any othrr, desiring 
Voor Mujentio rooit humble to favor such pooro suts for my 
Lilxrtie ait M' Dean »ihall malcc to your Ma'^" in my behalf^. 
AIniightio God pT0S|>er and increse Your Ma^^^ in M honor imd 

From Your Ma»»« Towre of I-ondon, the 25 of July 1556. 
Your Mft^°' most humble aud obedient 

subject^ John Chekk. 




AbxarndfT NotcelJ, Dean ^ St. PauPt, to Sir IVUimPi Vml: with 
the mimmmpt Cttpy qfkis Catechism, 

*4* Dcdf] NowrJl wttft bora lU UQT <>r 1>0n» ui dW In I^IC. Tb« phndpil 
notLUnwDt <iX h)» lAuie it tlic Cfticcbltin ipakfo of in thi* XiOlUr. Tht rvadfr, bov* 
rr«r, ivbo ffould beuv ibc cobipJvEv dcUtt of LU Llilonr, vD«l nfo to Li* Lifa bjr lbs 
UU Mr. CbartoD. piinied ftt Ox&;d U 1H09, tftu. p. I&1— I9T. Altboo^b coapo«ed 
«ad En rtraijinru fur lTi« prrM io 156^, it «n not publithed tU UTO. in vklcb ]mir<il 
Alirid^oieDt of it ibo cbqu gni % bolk in Latin. Thcf iTcr«. lOOQ ■ftrr, for Ui« •■Lo 
of iDorr rnriuiivc lurfutiHu, tnaUaCfd kaio £iigUiIi b;f TliOEau Norcun; Bnd lata 
Grtak bj Iht Orvt'i «• |>bffir, Dr. WkiUkfr. NiTwtlJ haJ aW^ tb« lArff#tt kbuv in A« 
rompMilian of our Cburab CUvcbum. The Cbsrvti CMmUiid, tba HowiUn, ud 
NovelFi Ctf ediiato*, »tJc lo<n attniml bookt^whlcb wgt ^[TOtcdM *uih<nuimtof ill 
Ibftt tW Chwfb oJ EttfUud btiiefu uid iMuba. 

Afti^r my most tuimblc eommendatioTU to your )ion<:r» Xhtm are 
lo cerlilie Oio snmc, tb&t wh^ra^ tltc coopie of th<* Catechism 
vrhkOt 1 CAU»cd to be vrylec out for your honor, to wlioni tlio 
booke ts dedicate, came to tlve hinden of th« buashoppes and 
ddisic onembted in tbc lato Conuoc^tion, and by n^ason that cer- 
ten plana wera by tlieir jitds:meiit*( altered^ wn^ mt^Hinrd artd 
Aumwhrar hlotte^d, I hftre I'snscd it to ht coopied out tg^nne, and 
h»rc *cnl it to your Honor, not now in my i»Ame, a<( afor*, but in 
the name of Use ( ■ler^ie of iht Conromlion, ax ihrir hooke, s^yinge 
it is by them nppntvrd and nHoveil, mnd volde have %tnt it 
sooner, but thnt I tlioichi your Hot>»r to b« aoo orcupi^d with 
L'tftcn moiLt vr<*iji;litM* pultlilcf- kifAyrr^, by o^vtiKionft riainge and 
anCTMoiii^ in the mrntio tyme. that yov i^oulde haiii- noo leisure | 
taructhiKor i<itkc otJier booke* ^VIlich great ^Hibliqui? butynea] 
seidge Ifacy doo iiot soo speaMi^, an 1 tnutt^d. drawe tovards an 
cndc, but continue and angntent tttlW, 1 lh<tght it mete that tlie 
Cc|^€ of the boi:ke at the^ b<^innynp^ Dp|>oTntcd and dHicate to 
yo* Honor tholdc remaynr \\\Xh the aaiue ; that whan op«iftmiitie 
ahittd acr^T* yu*^ Ilimorbyky^ure night vue it,aad hidge whether 



!t vcTo nnl MuvriHitlhie hy ya^ Honor's tfelpe \a Ue msjido pnMike 
bjr tKc^ UuiMi** Mji'^*'* niitUontit*. Fnr how <><|>e(ii^iYl it were thmt 
aitmm« Ire&tic^ of religion sliulilc be sett forlhc pu1>lilili« in tlie 
name of our ('tiiitrp, voiir Honor doth well inul{'rstftncl, scinge the 
o}nntuit IvyoriH^^ t1i^ ^rzsi w, that nothin^e loutchiik([e retij^ort is 
vith enii^ ftiilhoritLi^^ or confimt of cnw nnnibre of the lorne<?, 
heare in our Cuntre taught or sett forihe ; hut thfit ft fcwc privnb^ 
persous teache &.ti(I wryte tlieir opinions without the approbation 
ot efiie aulhoritie nt nil. For my pnite I have, fjiken puync^ ah 
itelJ abiiuti* tl)f- tuntt^T of tlit^ hooUo, thnt it might be eanaonant 
VDto t^e true doctrine of the Scripture^ as nll&o tlutt the style 
EDtght agree with the puiitie of the Lnline tmi^e : and aa the 
booke tiAth not nns!yk»l their iu(lg«mi>rntj<, whotn t do boothe 
Tnuo«tc allow, and &l]»>e reverence, xoo yf it might lykeu-yse be 
approved to your Honor, lu vhose patroeinie in my purpoojte 1 
tippnynted it, when T fyrxte begoi>n<t it, I ahultle tliinkc niy pnyn^d 
m'Mwte hnppphe lie^itovre^l ; an knoveth Oofl, vho ei'er prea^ri'e 
joT Honor umL all yours. tVom i#ondon, 2*2 Junij, 15Gi. 

Ynr Honors mooKtc? Imund«n, 


Too Utu rifjUt honoTiiblc 
iJid my singkre ^od frend, 
S' Wyllyam Cieill, Knight. Secretari« 
to the Queenes Mmestie. 


Laartnce Xoiceii h Sir ttWium CtfcHj compfahdng of the tnaccu- 
rocy ^ tht gtn^ai Mapn of Eughnij end niatinff hh dttign tif 
Ciustru^thtff Maps ttf nil the Counties, if hf should mett with Sir 

*,* Tbfl ColMntflii M^nvf^l l>fanhij>n wtk- UL 07-1?^, <M^TitnLr>* a MrlM of 
Mifd oi Ibp (hrcc KlacJont d^wn hy NohtIJ* u ilh jK-cuhar ne«lnru, but upud ta> 
tOwU • tc«k for i^rtJtftvbU tue. EngUitd U ilcjtiftod ut ihirt^en mit|>t ; S^viUiiJ und 



IreUod b tb«v sub. tnknd briiif diMrlbvCcri iMor^iiic I* tbe M^DitT tad olUr 
pcmim -ho took i3bc\r title* from, or bad pivprtljr ia tb* Cootttk*. la dmc t^f lh« 
EulUb Couaiis tliv iWMncv vf pUccv an u-jfloxrO ia S&tuu vbv*ctcr» : Uic loop* 
tud«« 4Dil Ulitn-lri fpu%td <» tb# «mI« of tb« Bap*. In lua j p«ru of the EnglUfe ' 

diTJdoa BUM aa4 »aDO*kniia an ■ddo4 br Lord Burfbkr, 10 wboin. it u rtideat» 
Ibo itni«b(« ve •!« <lcMribbic bad bctn Rib«ii(«J, ud ife 4««fatf«M iboH ibe Jn^a 
€f CMUtmctinf irbifh it pr^ipowd io tbe yrnw it iMlrr, 

He Ant t^DtiLUb Atlu, rh4 rcatlcr wtU rCMtflobcf. tru undcfUke* by Cbri«to|ibQ 
£uba», of T«rlc«Ur*, *ib«al Ui* j^t^ 1^74 1 bal did aoc *n«ar till 1&T9, IbrM jttn 
ilbw tavfMV KowcCl'i ieab. 

Vidoo tMj rir honorfttissim«s <?n'n cnUris omiubui boiu«t«nim 
utiuu monumentJs, tvin |inccipi;t« Geo^TupKicis tab«Uis nunun in 
mixiuEn ilclc^Utri; qui|>pc <|Ut cum fruetum indc cnpero nom, 
quo et quod tui muneriB eat redius facU, et omnibus edo^I ' 
rcipub. |iro<lc»e nunquam denstu. Auunadverti porru «» qui 
hue usque AngltfQ dc»cnbcndiD provinciftRi «uicdprrtmtf tiHt tisqu^ 
qu&que non »ati»feoi»»e ^ ncc cert-5 ^diciiru cnim quod scntio) quk^ 
quid rel mediocii Uudc diatom pnestitiKs^, N*«qa« id adfio 
mirum, cum sano ulU ocTt& rc^Ia^ sine omni aitis oj>e et iudido, 
aut lUionim quorunacunque rdatiuiiibus iunixi^ aut ocxdorum ftai>- 
rotn iDOcrtitt conj^ctuno oonliu, imtgivt&noi quosdun loconun 
vttuft ct int«rv-all& m chutu congememU Quocirca com in utio^- 
modi opere nmpAum noonikU pnmtaiv poB*« uou diffidcrc-m, 
ftUDulque qaam cuctn »ln» pleritquc mmistcrm pamm idt>ii«uA 
mccum »cpiu8 cogitarem, futt saihi jundudum tn aiumo (quo et 
patrw m«w et reipub. aliqua saltern ratione utilu eeuem, et tibif 
cui tantum debeO) gratutn hcere poucm) in hoc ncigotio moun 
operaiu tX induatriam offcrrc* Quo minus vero id feocnm hoc 
u»qiie uc detinuil eoruEn ratio qui jomdiu in hoc ip«p igmdo ver- 
aati rant : v«rebar enitn ac dum iti olicnaa netattn fffinnm hniniT- 
cerem, ijijuno«« cujumUiu ambitiuaia opinioocm npnd te mcurte- 
rent; pnscipue nut«m tua me ceaanra deUnvoti Vdde etaoijii 
tineban ne quam mihi i m po w wfW Cttfam «at detnctara aot ac^&- 
^ere videri posfteu- V^mm cum neque tllos adku« tanta et tam ' 
^vtoiDft flzpBet&tMwe <Upiam qtueqoki edidioe vid«am: it kmh 
eikiiaakMdfcit&OsnuiwCowliMaMMWQ bob blaB*-1 



gim; t\i«e in me solitro bonitAti et humanitRti confisufl, hujns in«i 
anuni le c«rtiur«m reddere non dubttavi. Oua quidem rn re judi- 
rium tuum rt fluthoritaUim €xp^oto '. »ium cnim »ivo hoc fiivc diud 
ijuodcunqud jufl«enB \quoad snfRcient vires) f&cere pamtuftimiu. 
Wrum enim vero bi ingenue quid amati hubcdim fatcn Ucvat, in 
omnibuft rciptiblicn; ncgotiiit nihil quicquld «flt est," quod sciAm, 
quod aut rectius qaam hoc mc p«riicer? posae confid&ro, ant quod 
inagifi libentt animo fv-^cndum tt pvrfictcndum cuKciporc cupcrem* 
Sporo profccto mc (*i modo tua in hac ro mihi 4iffulBent benevo- 
Icntia) regionem nostram non inodo simul uiuvcraam »ed ct parteti 
ejuft onancs, et aingulaa prc^vinciu^ tUi d^rpicturuni iit po&tliac non 
fiHt opu« in hoc negotium plus a^t lalK>ris ^ut siimptus conf^rre : 
Monumea turn que adeo (si non me fallit spea) baud ountemnen- 
dum tuo nomini dicntum in ACnrmK regiis rcHnquMur, cousqu^i 
duraturum ct tuts posteris multiplici unui futurum, duoi BtoUsrit 
impcrium cl re»pubbcft AngLorum. Vale. 

Famulus tuua tibi mtiltiv 

nom'mibus dcvinctiasinius 

Lauuentiu^ Noukll^us. 
To the right honorablo and hi» sin^lor 

good maiBtcr Sir Wittin Cccill, knight, 

tlic Qucni Ma'*'* principall Sccrct&nc. 

Ralph Moriee to Day thf printer : upon the rharocter of Arch' 
in$ht>p Cntyxmtr^ totrhotn Morion had hetn ^tertiary* Cranmer^M 
^rtinfttyfot Bishop Thiriif^. 

[UwL us. 416. foU 169. Or^O 

%• lUdfli Morke wrote, « Ar^^KbUhop Parkert r«qn»t, " A Dci^UncTon coo- 
cvnlBf the pnfefij, villi ihv mnnnn and the tntiLu of Lhc life adU brjasT°fi ^V *^ 
•v rrvert Bt father La Ovd ThoAM Cramnirr Utv ardibUhop of Ctatabarr, uul 

• J9WMS. 



b]r wittt or^r nd oimmi be ctmc to M« pr«fpnncnt aaJ d^Ciulrr •^l pRMntd 
■mon( iIlv Maaii0tri|ilB id Ili« UhtKf at Cajjjui ChrLtli CiiJIccv^. CttttlcUviv ^t 
cjutllL 5cr]rp£ bud Aci?tu to U, wli«ii coonpljog titi Mc[ni>riftU of t'rHnmer, 

MatUai u 'ft'Lll (>e tfcii bjr fli« prtavnl L<ctnr, wtt ulto ft oorrfipoiideal of Jfiha 
Fox *nd hii pdnUr, Km in hit ArU tnd Mnnun^ntf, edit, l€4l. toMi- p. >1T0; lu 
^TPD "Th<! Lliitnrf of tbc ponrcUtoQ tad drath orilwinw Bruol, bumoit in EtClar, 
«»ll«ted ami ImlirKtl hy John Vowel, nliu Hok«." PoV» pApcnaroonf the Hirlcian 
Mdnuicrlpti bcwcvcr prtB^rvf: »ni>l1i(r ^ftmlivf of lli» pprtrcniion, in ibi; hand- 
wnluijc uf Moripfl j «AfltitiiilDg tomD rrry «mguW pBtttcDTjirn oftT in VowBr* Sifoonnt. 
UotIco Appronlo hivc knoiva the viotim by t\w ittmHurtluMfmlt, Paifiir» tho JftU 
of lu0 Ptcc'ution in 1$ilK Morfoe'B Nomtm follovf, 

" M. OiUgAtCi tliu Mmv tyijic ftroltrr tn CbntU Co11fl4fe tn Can. 

bridfft and aftvnrarda ffobvrf of BpilfK Colltil^, vlio btlng rery mouli': cumhrrtd 
vrith tliK rnitobpiiitrpnot ttf rhf f1r4hf , snd ttryvyxif t^rervt/ (o iupproAu Uio Bamc, fidt 
bympvir lo trek to ovrriTorn it< For rvmrdy «bcrT>f he dfpaiiid from Cambrldi and 
wniEr t4] hutUff into GonnKiiy. AnJ tbcr« dccUrinK hifl k^**'' fmiUi^ Jn lb«t b^haJf, 
bcfouf ht L. to gjTf hym lomc good canittfk to ordrc bii Jif to Uic plnti' of Uod. To 
vbome Lulbvr gavr ibjii Advifi thni jf by no Unrall mcouc* be uouMc ui>c lytc vbbi, 
Ihmt hn ■haiiL<1« Uk<i m wif anJ Ljvn ■ niffiin' lyf» nlbvr ibnn Jb (h* «tHtfl of |h« 
chkncift to lyvc vcllhilie to the ctUplca*' of (loil uid diinj[Cr of lUmpjiJitloi], W'btrapon 
tlic fakd M'. DusRiili' name to £ie(er, nod tbcrc (hnu^yni; Lii name mnried a vif, 
and tok« AjHin bvin lo teaclio c:liildrcn njicUi^ to rrtdr, a» a nito of aumillr cnpaciCie, 
In |irocT«*f vf tymi be rc«ortvd to the CnlbudnM cburcbe to bem tbair il»cUin#, and 
bninif grmllf inflnnipd 4fiiiiiHt thiiir jiA|qiihp BupKniTirinuB dofitrjnr. iirr-n*lly ha * nwbrd 
aciui*t thaii doctrinf , and ^n tfa« nin^hl *«uon titbit upp Gcricjn rrfutAoioni in wrrtynj; 
OD ibo cbnrohe dore of tbe Calbedrkll ^^bnrcb ; jtaj thr« or fouTT tyniFi, from Scnnon 
to Sfrnnan, mtid arikwer to Ihnir dorfryne, which beiuj; gr«roua]y t«keii of ihp pn*- 

bvndsry* Ibrrr, uml mu^hc muiyiig wli? nbulde du the atuci ibQ cauKril auclio dUigjeat 
nli<h lohi' hadJri. ihnf in fyi» h* van prrrpyi^d ti> ■fflia one of th« pap«ri apon tha 
dorr of the churcho, and llienpon LU boutc Wian s«rcbH, and rrrttya pap4rB found* 
in hLi bcdilnvrc. h« never vhrankefron tba fsL^tB but Montljc ttade In viib tlirm m 
dupatation f'tr tbrdcr<acaof hla GonlUta^'Dna by ih^ticlontitiiir xtriiiium and nmcicnt 
tloctwit. Itutthcit all wtJc nul picv*U«, for wkh tha avaaitninrd v>Uititin, fo^it and 
fier» he vaa tn:ftir«niJ atid humt on ifae hill oamod tiro milo oa Ihii tida 

Cielrr, lod ther yftt godlic praftwynf and ix^fctfyny hU faithe^ At tbe aiaj: a fcn- 
lilman «bo«< name waa loVv % fyrra bualiD on a forkc* or a jatcbe- 

ftfrkrand being ill aell on iftr thruitelt Into hta nmlh moit tfnicLly- 

Rxtn Moaicv, wjlMa<" 

After hartie cotnmcntlntiontt, v^herc an yon diucrs Ijmes put me 
in remembrance to ktcUc oute sufrhc (mpcrs of monuEtit^nis us 1 
hftcid In mjr cuAtodic conccmyng Uio furnytnre of your Ecclesim- 



t\nkS !elnr\'r, ^lohe as rema^-ny*! in my hantk I t\\d \tti you hAue* 
but far under ll»e nomber that I iiadd iit the begj-mijiig of Queiif? 
M«ry^H m^iti ■ ffftr by rcaion that I brramc fugilyvc fromi* myn 
awfHf botiiac, tn<4 brekf* priHon frnmc thr Justicct, my Kounc wiihin 
ij. yrrps wns thrisir *icrcbprl, nn thnt by tbftt m^jmc^ I log^e a great 
ftort of lhin|i(« urorthie perpetual memone ; nnd ipecioJlie certeyne 
t^Urillit of Kyng Eciwiln!* to my lorde of Cunt^rbury, mid tbc 
ArtAwen of my I^rtli* tinto bym. Yet, notmtbntnn cling, emnng* 
OBt«(«*t« pftp^rtt I >iAiic foiindt* oite fragment of a U^ill of lodul- 
genres of Pope Grrgory^> ivhieb 1 remember was on^w ftvnt to my 
Lorde rrantner> more to be wondereri nt, thnn witb nny iruli^crcnt 
jndgeniffnt to htt pondr-ivd (is n thing woribie to come frome the 
Vicikr of Chmte> or frome the tuof^e^ftor of S. Petir: wbtch -temeth 
mtbcr 4 int>(*Very to tlie iolc and univcniall doi^trin of onr fuithe, 
thdin no omnmriito or nu induction to tW*. «amo. It wery? incto 
thtt yt irere laied open to the eyes of the Papifttes, with aome (|roo<l 
advertiBnmcnt to the godliy (o he ware of xut-he trecherj-e, or 
nther manifest blasphemy to GodwarcU, su to abuse hiit Christian 
flocks »nd bU electe, yea the Churche bia apoiiNe. Who wolde 
not goo to Rome (tlio wourde of God being locket fasi in a ebiste, 
and bad no other uhdrrstAinling) to be releuHed itf idl Hik hynnf^a } 
Or rather who wolde not preAumc all t}ie dmen of hi« lif to aynna 
fr&ni?keUt* and frcHe yf every daie were r yere in len^eth, that 
might thui esiiolie be urdoded at Rome when hyrti liked r Our 
Lorde amend yt; yf thit he not Ante ebriHti Any tie, what abune 
greater will Anteohristc put in M%e. to innke hym *em(? tbo Ad- 
versary of our Savior Cbriuli- when he ooniyth } You maie 
oonvultcwitb Mr. Fox whither it he wourthic to beidgnitied tolbe 
Lworlde cmonges the note* of your Munuments. I wohio yt hadd 
'byn ray fortune to have lyn in Tondon, and have had some aeccsae 
vitb Mr. Pox when your boVe wa^ fir^te in prynte, f wolde, 
■tnongs direrft tinngew of my notise, amandid spe^ inlly one tbingo 
wbieho ys siwrly not true. And thut yi where mention i* mado 
of Doctor Thirlby Ute Bishopp of Kley, of his behaviour lowanU 

CAUD, 90C» S 



my Lord Cranmer. The Boke reportcth kyra aome tyne to hsre 
b>^ his Ch^playn, irho iti rciy deJe m tiertx his OMplen. But 
els vaa his especial! f^ood Lorde tomod the Kk^ Ma^ u ooid- 
mendnig hym to be a nun worttue to serr c a Prince lor w^A an- 
gular quaTitiea as vaa tn hyai. fiajQefie (or thai he via aecompMl 
a faromr of al) that ^tortd vyncere religioiL And as I take yt 
P<Ktor ButtK vrns the frste motiooer of hu preferment to the 
Kyuf^^ scrTicT, )mt specially f^rowne into the Kyns^* (aTur by my 
Lorde Cranmen comm^ndAcicnt* And bcsidea hu speciaU faTor 
to hym borne that vrey, tbara was no man lyryr^;; cooU nioie ^n- 
delie esteme any man of faymaelf ax my Lorde Ciaamcr did this 
D. 'Jlurihy. For then was no kynde of pleasr wKvA my L. C. was 
liable to do, that was not at thin manya commandemeat^ vhjther it 
were juelU phLtc, instratatnt^ mapp^ boraae* or any thing cU, 
thoughc he hadd it frome the Kyo^ Moicstiey hot if thU man 
did once like or commende it, the i^cntill Aicblnssop wold forth* 
with g)-vc it unto hym. And when many tymea U.Tlutlbyfor 
eiviLitic sakcwuld instantly refuse the ume^ yet wolde he scndc it 
unto Itym the next dftii- ^ifti-r to hts how^e, inM>rouche that it came 
into a common proverbe that Ouctor Thirlbies commeDdacion of 
any thing of <iuy Lords was a plaync wynnyng or an obteynyi^ 
tlicrof. So that some men thought that if he wuld have demanded 
any fyngar or other member of hi% lie wolilc have cntt it of to luire 
gratified Iiym yt, suche was Ihis] ardent affection towa«l» D, 
Tiiirihy, This ean te&tific no stmalc sorte of honest men nowe 
lyvynif, AVherfore, yf D.Thirlby did not to hia utlcrnKat powre 
pracliae to have aavid his lyG, he not onelic did hjrm tnoclie 
wrongc, bill abo abxwid his *ynguUr l>cuf volence with ovennoche 

Fiuilicrmore, yf 1 had leysnor and tymc, 1 eould my mocho 

mmv a^H^cm)^lg the notable doingus of this worthic Archebisabop 

I which were wonJile to be committed unlo perpetimH iame. And 

ab» inmwldit tonrcUin]( the progeny and adtaunccmLnt of the 

Lwdc CriiiuweU which ys not au all lowchcd in his storye. And 


tborforo now hauyng no loywor nor opportiin^tic of this bcrer 
Iccifi^r to itoy, 1 by<3do you most Irnrt^:))- vtcl to fan. From 
D«kinl>Oim« the x^^ of Juuuarv. 

Your* in the Loivlo 
l^> hisvenio frend Uapuk Mumick. 

M' Dityo, Pnrntcr 

of th« Ecctc3iinsti<«]| 

Story of Martors, gtre 



77it ArchbUfwp iif Canterl/un/ and iht^ BUhop uf Lq/hIoh to Sir 
ffUiiartt Ctcii, t^nccrnipff the print rnjf of the Geneva BUtie, 

I nihtf la tike TraniUtiaD n«de by tbt Eni^lJKli Pnif tiuilf \n 
of tbilip and M^ry. It vb Ant printed ■( Grncvn by 
R««llftitH«Ilti>U60^ «Dd b?tWM<D (hat time nod Uu fearl6lS niidrnrrnl luDir (hin 
iMriy edition* in ditftrmt ittti. Ic wkh thr t^ummOD funilj Biblu in the rvixu of 
Mvoen CIliabMb j but tfb-r the ippcinaao of Kin^ JatAt«'i ir4iuLitloii Ibo luo or U 

Jo^a bfidirjfh lufiilioaRd In tkia Li*l1«r «u odv af Rowlaad ll^tri oonapanioni iit 
nib. Herbert, in tht Topograph toil Antiqnltica, tdL itl. p. I4kr;t, ^Vo a u^np; of Chtf 
palvot |mit«il Ui BoAlwj^h for iiTt|irifiliiif Hiljl«»of tbr (Ee(i«t« rrrffton fur ictcn ^ean 
ftoiBJflb JtV' IA(tl' WLacUiEL- Lu(U Btttflilcj cviupLicJ nliU llic rviju-'Hl id tliin I^llv^r 
for iborifsklbTi <if liad\ff^U*t pat^ui k» iiiifcriAiA- No Ui1il«» priMrd by biiu vitL 
kld«rdtttcikaa UGl mtt tt prncnt koofia, 

Beiii^ lufurtned by Uiis bcrcr Jolm Bodlcygli tlist upj>on liia btc 
«ut« la yi>u for the vcnewmg of h\s privilotfo with loi^or tcAnnc for 
tbe reiinprintiiig of tlic lute Geneva Bible by bim und his nvtociAt^ 
Mtt Coorthc, you nnspcndc^l to give your furdcmuncc x-ntill yau 
nfed b^irdc omt advisC' So it u that wc tbitikc so ^^11 of the ^st 
iin|inssiion, and rcvicwc of thoeac wliiclio hwa aitJten«i tmTuUcd 
Lbsfiti, tUttl wc ^vi»hc it woJd plcnsc yr>u to be a mcancllmt twelve 
ytra Ign^ ttarme maye be by sptscull priril^c grauiitcd him^ m 


eonnilencion of the cliu|es bj hioi kkI tm >iwociaN in the fiM j 
impnsaioa, and the r«m«e itehenft* siuteyiied. For tbooshe one 
other sp«rui]) Bibk lor ibe Cburcbes be cncant )>y us to be set 
Torflie ajL txnivt-mcnt iyn>c «ntl Wsour bcretftor will pcrrnytte, yrt 
fhM it nothing hindrc but mthcr do uocW good lo have ctirersitic 
of transladons and raufin^ And if hit IMtncc, lieraft«r to be 
mmict goe ium|»l]re foodhc without proviso of owr oTenijcbc as wc 
Lhinke it mnyc so passe well >i>ovtshe» yet ^miII we take suehe 
ordrc in writing withe tlie put>e, that do impression shall p«ne ' 
but by owr direraun. convent, uhI advise. Hius ending: ^^ com- 
mende you to Alnughtie God From Lttmbethe ibis ix^ of 
Muvhe 1565. 

Yo* in ChriMe 


To the boi>orable S' Kdw, London. 

Willm CudU, Kn^l, 
iVii)ci|HiU Seeretiirie 
to t}Lc Quenes Mnjestie. 


Thomas ttlison to Sir MT/iian CmL Jif^rtta tJk^ premiff^t ^otU ; 
m^d HrtaiU tAe Mat </ OaltfB*t Artfiion^/or iU rwr Ay A/mfii^r, 
u/ftm Aw i>icw irt/e : /irtm vAem thirty ommrt^ of hlood ka4 httn 
taktn^ mit thf ffowt rtikrtd, Httrwrstt Creil to ptv^ttt io tJke 
Qtittn #ow<- Lotm ^nffmtttlalory I'trses. titftotfd in hu Letter^ 
Upon tAt tnrtjth AnM^rmry tj/ A^ o^wmoft; or, ^f th^y arv 
tkuutjht imirorMjr ^f tkt Quem^ lo Jrxtrvf «Arm H^ A«* iran^, 
tttttd ihrtt OfynthwcM mnd/oMr Pkifyfnrt qf DemoUkm^, k^Ah-A 
Ae A4M i/rc/io«/nf lo Sir H'UHm Crctf. ^ poor m»»m A«/ ^^ 
^^V|>/«sriif ineAf «ri^A4oi»r»«>rf^S*.CrtlJW«iv'», \'o». 13JA, 

V &>l*t>MW»Oudni»»ftkeProwrt.,Prf|o«, mi SdMlM .4 lO^-i Col- 

LBTreRs or buike^t litkrary men* 


■bM POMlikrabla m«trriBUfori Lifr nfTTionu WllHin, Dk C. L. Muter of St. 
CtCb«riDc'« HfltplUl, n«iir Hi* To»rr af Londixi, auJ Faaclpiil Sc^rcUrj' of SuU 
(ViCb ^ Thomu SiEl(h;i to QuoPEi ElllAbeth. 

Hb «■« Ibr *UB of ThoLoiu Wile«>ri «f 8f[Qbj Id LlDColnvbLrct bjp Aunci iliiu|htar 
•nd liHr of Rnfr Cnmh^cwrirtli of CTrtmbprwoTlh in llm nmii futcmlj, vid biviifn* « 
F«no¥ ofKUi'HColJrKr iulSIL 

[lu ftnt Work wm " The Buk of Rcttioa, conUyning tht Art* of Loplci" i*to, 
Lond. IIM : dmtIjt comctai* £to. IS!i3 ; And ac«jn 4lo. ^^6T> 

Qii tiut jitililimtlui waJi " The Arte tit Ithcliiritjuc^,'' 4Lj. LujiJ. 1^&3 j rD)iHilt<i] 
lo ISeo with "»Pra|aguiT la the RHiUr;'* aiiil a(^in in l&6t, 1534, nfld n^. 4(0, 

Dr. jH>hnK>D hid * high opiaion of tbU Work. iDii wbcn ulctfling SpcfimeiiJ of lh« 
£q|^|1i LanfUAiff far ihr lotnuturtion fn liii riclii^nnfjr, touk thn «hort CMfitTir 
oa f|ia«cnck4tkOii rrum iL Wirti^n myt thnl Wlljioo'v *' Arlr al KlicUrrlquc" m«f 
JHMljr b« Mafid«r«il a* ll^ lint ij-4(vin <-f Cfilivitui iu our LiLUfiua^r. 

Elii TniuUlidDis from Drt»r;AlHrA<:B. mcDtiODcd in Eltc ikrcunl Letter. ippeHitd in 
U70. d«illejteil la Sir ^VUhtin CcclI. " The Eiirri: OrniianB of nomoitliiitifl*, Chjffp 
" Ontof tQi4>iig the GrtduB, in fanoiu- of the OlfniliUni, a pcirpk in Thr&cia. no*r 
"Cillvd RomAnlA J wUli ihoim hi* fowcr Ornt^onii (lll«d tajireavl)', nml Ijj (i«tuet 
" ^wntC Kia|[ Philip vf Mtoedouic ; ntojrl Q#drful Co be r«dde la Ihtvd cl4aiig(amu« 
'* ^]W*. of t\l Unftu IliJit I'luc elixir (-OUitlric't lilinrtti, nnd Hfnin^ to tiiLe wnriiiiif for 
'* their bvltcr mnjlc* bjcie^npb of otbrrr EuglUhril oiiL of the Grci^kc by Thauia» 
*' Vihov, Doctor of the ciuHl hwo*/* JmpriDUd it LoDdon hj Hcnrj Dmham, 
1570. 4<o. 

I« 1£?V Lc piibtJdiod " A l>ltPOiin« upoa UfOrrc,*' 9^^ d^lwttd ta Robort 
Uud]t7 Enri iif lj«c»ler : rppublishcil in l!i(l^> 

l^trjpr in h'n <Ait\Oa of SLo«crU Auiiey, p. 2li^. Hff, "In 156A, hnd U not bceufof 
Ibc lulcrpOAlton of SMTclniy Cecil, W^Uod yrtmld hnro lold the royaUirs and frui- 
diltci of M' Ktlhirrnc'v Hofpiuil lo thn City of London," Duo«rfl hu prttitvd iho 
Kdtlon pf Iht^ labBbirniLU of the pncTBot agvuttt him M thit tiiBB, from theon^nal ia 
tUSUtoP^prr timer. 

At an tttlhor, howcTcr elrganl in liu day. he teemi not to Iiatc ^aiued money by 
bia nriiuisi- Iti the FrotoEue to tbri Booondcditioa of hii ** Arl« of KhotoiJijun" he 
■lyt, "If otfaen nrvrr gntie more bf bouko then 1 bate ducu, Ic «M Iwiicr be a corUf- 
IhfeD « fcholor, far *T>rtdlt« proiiiA.' 

ILe bad bf^o ■ frett ■uflertr In Queen MAry*» timo i «t Ibn UtlcT tnd of vbow 
Ttipt bv au in lult. and bfing 4E Rome, for toDie bcreti»I ptPMgei in tbc " Arte 
of Rlictorti|ae," niu ImpriKincd in tbc In^itiAltUiii : but fortUQlUlj made bU cKa|M. 

He died bi ISA I. and tru buried nt S(. CetberuioV 

Valdccupio lit Talcfls (prsatantis^imc Cccili 1) ctpropt«rea ikilor 
Ule LULJi ■^pV~<">< [»ic enim itore]^ te laborarc) ^amEimuin nnimo 
meo fecit dolorcm. Quo quidem tempore, aut paulo untc, uxor 



mea haic naorbo utconqtie obnoxb, sdliatQiii me rcddiclit, ut 
k^'»ttortenl ejus aliqtuiin rnvmiem. Undc ip*e Gftknum {si Dt» 
plftcet) k^mdum michi dele^ qui in liliro soo A cMrvn^i rtf/t^nr ficr 
iwi««c/w»rthniiJtosdicit s€podAinico»,etalus morfiis obnoxio», 
rerm indaione ad pri&ua;ftni (vstituisse rftlctudincn. Ego statun 
Chirurgum quendun et >ledicuia noo indoctam acdri fed, ut 
at«rqtie uxorem primum kxpioexet, «t Gilcoi po<te« judtdum et 
seutenUaiu intucretur. TiiDdcm coiiTemt inter nos^ (temetsi 
Giklenu» nnguincm novo Vctc nuUcndum nuAit) ut uxori rcna, 
port pmrpanitum coqius, in pcde dextrOfpacutcrdur, ct duobas 
post itUerjifrtU diebut, aluro pcde, ABgaii cdlucrcc, pcdibus, 
utroqoe te[u)>orc, nqn* ti^jiidn impositiSf et unciu trigintft sangoi- 
nis rffuiidriitibus. Ex quo quidem tcnip<»Tr, uxor vald^ bene se 
hnbet, ct pedes ^rmari sentit, et oktrcoi iaduci natunleoi, cum 
klins turoore adecti fui»»ent ipai utus, et fri^re pedes congUds- 
tioent. Ctiitam GmLenum tam tibi propitium offiendas in morbo 
tuo: quam uiof me* jam w pm:sentit euMr, aangaints duonim 
pdndenim, extrartij ^oluiu l>ene£cio. Sed Deus e»t superior 
Ualci>o TcldEsculapio: ificr^ tuam curtt salutem. Ncque tamen 
Mfdieorum intcrca est csdudenda cognitw, Tel negligendii me- 
dendt ratio. Ego PbtriK »usa tnaxitDc te iwUem morbo affid. 
nut omiuQoiiupedirir quoiuinus pedes offiduni fwuanttdiai animo 
taiu KLB proiuplus, ei diligentia tam exqdstta, in rebus Regni pro- 
curandia. Uu^ si ab boc tnorbo ita nunc liberatus sis, ut pedibus 
in|;Tedi valoas, ct nervorum robore constare, et Maje»tatem Re* 
ginie coram intueri: obsccro ut, mea nomine, iittiw quos ad te 
tnitui Vfrsxis, sacraUssiinie Kegino^ io nianas det, si raodb dignn 
lanin vidcantur Kegina. Tuo enim ]>cnnitto re* mcas judido: ut 
vd ttiipprinicro ms possis, wl dtsdndcrc potius, si minus tiln 

Et jam quidcm l>ciiiosihcnis ires Olynthiacoa orationcs* cum 
quatuor l^lulippids, Uindera aliquando indigcnas fed, ct nostratea, 
ut i^olui, srd ita tamcn «l advenss ex »oriaoTie cognoscaa. Tarn 
enim condsus Orator i»tc est> tam a<(trictafl, et acaminc sk ubiquc 



eroeUen*, ul Ulud in eo ri tuyiiv \ix sermoiie noKtro explicftri 
possitj aut ing4:ni<jsi rmstri tcnuitatc comprehtndi* Scd quomo- 
clocuiiquc u me cuiivcrstfu auni, m Lu ia*» iii tuo iionuiie apparv^re 
]}Atiem: cgu iTi vuI^H cmjttarn tanti viri Orationex, ei formis 
ciccvitcncljLs ainibo: veil iu si to Dostric imircdiitati sic suffmga- 
beris ut i^iavorum quorundam contumelia tuo spiritn et gra^'l- 
Ut« coiupeacantur, quorum vka cum ait ocma, ^ionun nionbti.*» 
carpeiuliti omiimu dcstirintur. VciiULm ipse, et Lbrum jam qaaxi 
descriptum mccum ndferani, si iti vis, vcl mittaiu per intei- 

LutuleiituK iM.<^ loL-u^, iji <|ua conftideo, a p«»tc oranino est im- 
munise iihi qu(>(l qiuudam pnupcrcula, ultvra soptimarta^ Londino 
discedens; pru: furiiius cujusdam ocmibidt, long^ a domo mca dissiti, 
inurlio iufecta. Cujwi 4^go vin (cdibuN oatia ob^erarij et plaleam 
IgncKtaiim perpur^^ari ju!<c»i, et cadaver sepulcliro cfjiiiU, 

Vnic, L-t vivc Deo ct Itcgnu, ut fai^b. Ex ateiiodochW (Urie 
CatariiiicT sacro, Idibus Xuvcmbris. 156£>. 

Tues dignitatis studlosissimiis 

Thouas Wilsoxus. 
Ad Mcntissimam Elitabetbamf Dei gratia Aiiglia:, Frandcc» ct 
HybemUc Rc^nam, fidci Dcfcnsorem, ^. Tliomcc Wilsoni Gpi- 
gramma in duodccimum annum Regni cjusdem Uegina*, xvij 
_ Novcniimn I:*6^', *<c. 

Rccc daodoctmui Rcgiii nunc incipit AnnuB, 

Quern tibi, qucm Rcgiio det Dcas ense fia<?rain, 
Hactenua eat scries foiUx. toUsquc vid<;tur 

Qualis in Ktysiis dicitur esse lods. 
Quie supcrcst soric*, sit par> vol Uctior c»to, 

Si modo fata dari pro^periora queaTit. 
Talis ex ut merito valeux, re^csque beata^ 

Regno n<rmpe tuo StcUa ftajutia ades, 
Neacio ai Dca ais, mihi nuraen habere ^'idcris, 
Tain bene noa Angles Diva bcnigna regis. 

L«rr«M OF BinxK?tT Lrr«mABT scic 

Qo&att Xlk potM M» MMB VTT<P« SOrtM, 

OrtBijac tciDponbas trtoporv niActft cmIbsI^ 
Pi^nore >cd rim t«r fcrtix oiittr ■ilnllfi^ 
&c poU« eimtam TiTctf« Dirw Vafo. 

Doroino CcciBo, 
SecnCmrio PrincipaE. 

Ob At tmter roivr. 

Tb tbc rigfat bcmonUfr S^ 

WiUiaa] Cm], knj^tt PnDdpftle 

SecnUrie to the Qocenes 

At the Coune. 

I)r. JoAn Dtt /a his pairom Ij>rd Bmrifkk^, ^^S^ ^ ref¥e$t to 

iuwt on Annuity r^f £iOO m^fft^tr from the Qmtn^ or ktr MtH 

J€ity'it i^etters ^xttetU for iMf a^ofmtfti pf tke wvfm j prM Uffe i 

TYeajurt trott darm^ Am /f^, prom it m f Lard Atrykkf Maff i 

the produce* AImo to oA/m the w rnnt m t mis ^ fi't^mort Cmtlk^ 

*.■ TVwra t:«vt, «• • emmaX vttvmm of th« Crav*. ■«• ff ufw^ j «iM«l iriA' 
frdm tb* Kihf tbff ftndiBc of * Uddia Ucuvrv, w fumeiif >a k« ttn tfnltt ; bol 

»«« ll U «bl7 Bb* toll |ittpti»bB<*1.* Tkf Lftwt of t^ Cdn q *w *>l rt >J (hit 

wko«T«r faunii ivopnir. «*> v^blidj tia iinium it lai eht — i ah bo oilag Bvk«i 

A ilacvufut ovi>un u|Hin tbe Paint RoQ of Ika IT Edv^ It, ia vki^b Ac privihfc 
of cumlnLBiC ttt tturonn «Jid mmw vikcr pboM tft Di>ioMhif> «fp«ikr« to Wv Wvi 

« Comant on Itit L««« uf Rcf I. <tr«, I^iuL lan.Tol. Lp. L9ii. 
^ Am. Law wd l»«Ol. of EofUvl, **o, «dfi. toI, i. p, noL 




(TUitini; of ibch |ii;nnii«[otiJi doftt not oftrnoocur upon our public records. There <:an 
be Ml doubt ibM Dr- Deo'i rcquc*! lo be allowed lo Hireh Tor Irauufc trorr, mrt 

Right hoiiomble and my smguler good Lord, whereas of lata 
your honor very hvombly used mc, ro»»idcruig your merrailous 
siiaiitncs of leysor from very wAighty matters and publick: I uni 
now, iherfyre, moat humbly to render thnnks to your honor, 
Sns wliidi tyme I hnv« som whole d^iycs attended at London, 
hoping for your LordsUp coming thither; and on fryday lost, 
peroeyving your honor to be almoftt in a redincs to ride toward 
tlie Court, ere I could get to London (after I hard of your Lord- 
ihip« ceitAyn being there], 1 than tliowght the senxon to he very 
unfcvte for my purpose. Thcrforc finding your Lord;«Iiip, at all 
tymc9 of U4ua11 access for sutors, so frauj^ht with matters of more 
importanoe than any of niyne can justtly be deemed, I thought 
good (irith your Lordahipa leave and favor) llms by writinjc to 
eiijoj'fi one liovrre of your Lordships leiiiour (best known to your 
Lordship oncly, whan that is) to tcw the pattern of aom part of 
my ayoiple sute, which heretofore I wold gladly Iinve opened un&> 


* I^mc p. 9. ITEdT. II, m. 11. 
Dm un% fbdenda jiio "l Rex Virvcomni l>evon, et omrLibiu alUa b&]U<l». mlulilrli* 

qmrittio. ^ utn^d qua*, &c. Mluicru. QuU ilatuiu r>t nobii iatrllliEi 

<l«oil Ui m Cotlibui «t tliid bcii divcnni la ooraiUIu pnediota, theicmrut to Ecrn 
«b«endlt«i cilfttit. NOK, niper hue plcniux certiorari loli^nlu, uolgnBTiinui iliJDCtani et 
Adolmi ttnUvDi lUtlvrtmu Dcaujifil JuDiorvm id quiercDduui In inx Cvllibut tt iaclm 
ftmHatlm hujnttaodi thrvonim dr «h«finnHUiinn, tta (|qnil pro ^odrim nr^^nlio ]tnulc 
•cnam fbdcRi K etlaiii Upidei <t ligiu ctoftcra, <«!« amupiibua, piano lUc f i In pnc- 
tBttm lua prarfftiB Vkecomn* et dHfoarii, m dlonun prubonun liommuiD de jmrtibm 
f t »d fa tl<, qol indo Tfrtuiein vilcuii t4«dBtft«. fit ideo tobi'i Dundamiu qno^l cidon 
AAotI* la f«*:miMlt, 01 Di irtagcbEibqt, inlendciiFCA Bitu cobvaloarH <t iiuviliAiiCc* 
qwlicna ct 4|iindo |icr liiium Robcrlom ex |HUle nottrA mt^cr hoc fucrlllt prKTmimtL 
PiQttao qaod ■! tboMunu ibidam int«aCu« hatt, fub dgUlo prsdicti Koboti cC li^Ub 
IDS PfdMc Vloccomei, «c licUlUilbniB) Adv dlcnorom cnsLodutur* quomqiie noi inda 
ovUoraU vllod nip^r b«c liui^mv ordinnQilutD. In oifjud. &c- Tr^tfl EUgn oipal 
fffiiQ— tiering! f^Mno dl« JuolJ. 


tbe oioit {mt of aO Uaircnities tu 
tbit for Mm tveatyircm htt put, 
tneW wovdMd* t^ I Imtc bad a 


«or, lod 

(aad fardo)* 
it anqrbe Tcty 
ebI^ ttkcvrerr 

^re&t cafe, oxlam] gmt Usiajk umI toyiCt botii of nijnkoc a&d 
bodj, and qxBt tot many hmind powvdea. adf for tbe 
attiyiiinf vom good and certajn knovlei^ is At Wit a&d rartst 
matters Mtfbentttiadi and PhiloaofiucilL Bov Sttle or mudi 
tfaerin tbt demill Qod hath Impaited to toe (tor my talent) be 
ODetjr htvt knovetb. But oertajiklr by dae coafeicskA «ith wSl 
tbat ercr 1 ytl met with id Europe, Ote pore En^ah Bryiuiae 
(D &Torito £ TOstrt ExetUeDtk] Intb caned tbe bell away. God 
Abni^bty hare tbe glory, Ibc itme aeale remaynctb (j«a ntber 
greater is grown), but tbe kabibtr for dnrgca ia br leaarr. and 
that Bomwhat occa»oned tbe sooner tfaroo^ my frank deatii^ 
for procuring and |>urrliaKin$ >P^^T meanea of good knowled^ 
Which al&o 1 iltd uppon no small hope, tbat aon MdefisQ aopportal 
wold be for me (in dae tyme) derysed: eytber tfaronxfa tbe meer 
and gncMRB good faToor, Uia 1 was pervwaded, the Quema noct 
nccdlent Maicsty did bcare onto mcp or cb tlmiirgh tbe procmi^ 
ment of some of tlie right honorable cownsaylourt : whkb both 
right wtU knew, by bow h.ird <teaEng my briber Boland Dee 
(acmnt to her Majesties fothcr, the most rcDowned and trium- 
phint King of our age,) waa dishabled for leaving unto me due 
mayntenance: axul also aul^cieiitiy uttdentoclc of sundry mtes in 
my behalf motioned, for aomc ayde towaid the atcheTin^ of some 
of my honest intents. Of which sutes no one (hitlierto) hath taken 
the wisjjeil for sucee&s fi>r any my bchofe. Nay, in the meim 
tymc of swme my Ij^vayles beyond tbe seas, anleart your honor 
had puttc your helping IjwkI, I had byn defeated of that little 
cxbihition which I cnjiiyc ; being but borrowed a whil^, by spedaD 
privilcd;ie nod favor oitraordinary- And that unwillirgly, on my 
part: yf 1 coidd other wayca have bad the supply tlicnrf in hk« 



yerely value, which (a* God kiowcth) Rndoth not irc, nnd my 
pore fnniilie, rei;«88ar^ meat^ drinl*> (uid ftiwcl^ for a fru^L and 
philovophicftU dy«t. But if I may {vntii your LorcUhips fnvor) 
speak uit I tlilnk, uTifaynctlly, unlcnst your honor had supposed 
that I had odly committed thoofire for my necessary mayntenancct 
vnto Homc other noble oowtLKaylour, tlimi your Helf: veryly I 
jod^, tliat, loDg CTQ ibis, your honor vouM h&vc made tne to 
have laxlod of that mcrvayhmuly fnmo\i« your honorable, constant^ 
Mid luplty fftvor and bcnedicite of the Court koyall, whereby 
Qoany have byn and are made h4ibl« to diapend of theyr ovrnct 
yerely^ tlire, fowre, five^ Sic. of Imndrcd powndi^. To compare 
irith any of them in desert puhlik, or Icrnmg, 1 ncytlicr dare, nor 
justly can : but in ac«ftle to the best Icming and l^nowled^, and in 
incredible toyte of body U)d mynde} very many yer^s^ therfore 
onely e»dur«d, I knov most uaoRdly thut Uiia land never bn>d 
any man, who«e account thcrin can ex-idently be proved grpalor 
thau myne. 1 trust this my simple speche, uttered in the reoord 
of my conscience, and vritU a atincerc estimate botli of mytie and 
my predeoeaaors doings, will not seme to your tvisdome arro* 
gantJy vaunted. Onely Qod can moke tite persvaaion of the 
truth hoTooF to ncLtcl into the bottom tif your Lordslitpx hart- 
And fearing to offend your honor any i^ay, eycher vrith rude 
hometynesff, or lA-tth supcrAuitie of wordes^ 1 will cut of all uueh 
dtgresaionn. And committing myself und my honeat pur|>o(ioa 
wholy to your Lordships protection nnd direction henceforward e 
I boaccho your honor to accept my faithfull good meaning toward 
your Lordaliip, wlikh^ dayly and howfrly^ v^ll by Gods ^raoo 
i^tpoaro unto your Lordship more and more abundantly. Return* 
ii^ now tlicrfere to the matter^ whorof I loat (by movrth) spake 
mito your honor, and which also wras the last prineipall point of 
my itpcdy letter, than delivered to your Lordithip, Aa ronceming 
Thresor hid. First, it may pleas your Lordxhip to consider this 
clauae, truciy by me noted ott (}f Thcseua iUnbrosius, fol. SOC. b. 


/o&tftar d^ Tlawri* ,pgr Wi» /err ffaa n? wdM>. ^Iff Chto* 

fie. StcandXft out of Urtirico* LnceslmMb, I lonxnr it U 
Dot^. in the somour? oi En*lisfa Clmmdcs, A* 1S44, of « 
8u«xin» comming tluui to Erie W&rreci, ks cooc en uig i ^rett 
lltreftAor hid in hu ^nrrul. in the Mstdws of Wtlo, sad of 
the good niocen tbcrof. Thinlly (fof the tvcDtr yens ^)>oe) 
I lave bad randrf socb matters detected unto me, in madrr 
lands. Pounfilf, of late» I faare brn sued unto bj dmrse sorts 
of people, of which soidc bf TcbenKnt, itemed drcaiDes, some 
by vision (lu Uiey bare thought)* other by speehe forced lo 
thai unagiiiBCioD by Dtgbt, bare bni infomed of certayn places 
where 'Dircasor doth Ije )iid : vhidi all, for feare of kepars 
(as the phra^ commofiLy namfth them), or for nustrirt of truth 
in the placet assigned^ and *ome for some other causes, hare for* 
bom to defile f&rder, unleaist 1 ahold corr^e them or cxnmsaile 
Iheni how to procedc. Wherein I have allvays bjn coQtented 
to bcare tlic histories, fantasies, or illusions to me reported, but 
never cntermcddkd accortliiig to the <lestre of such. Hereof 
might grew many articles of question and controversie. among 
the common learned ; and skruple among theTheologiaits. Wluch 
all I cut of from this place; ready to answer onely four T^ird- 
ship most largely [in] tcrmes of Godlf Ph>loso]>bic, whan oppor- 
taniCie ;&lia]l serve ; making small ftccmmt of vulvar opinions in 
matter of so rare Inowledg ; hut mtking allways my chief reeken- 
ing to do nothing but that wliich may Htand with the profession 
of a true Christtinu, and of a £iithfull subject. But» if (besidea all 
bokes, drtnmes, visions, reports, and mrffuitt t^iua} by any otht: 
natur&ll mcancs md likely deiuonstraliont of 8t/tupathut at 



Antip<iihia rtrtrm: or hy nttmction ntKl rcpuUion, the p1nc«5 mny 
b« disciyed or di^cov^redr where gold, silver, or better niAtter 
do*h lye hid, vitliin a oeKayn cU»t:in<«i How great & Cuminodity 
■bald it be for the Qticncfl Xltje^c and tlic common wcale of 
ihi% Kingdom*^ yf by iuch a secret not oneLy Threosor hid may 
be deciplired in pn^oUc place, but itUo it may be dieielodedv 
where, in thli Lund, *ny myaes, v&yiiee, or owro of Gobi or 
Klver bo natumlly planted^ And hcfxr [by the vaj) I mtist noto 
IIDto your Lordship llic niimc and argument iif one strange boke, 
whidi in old tyme was in thi» land ; Panduiphut de MctitihttM 
L/«nVFr 9^' cfinctoi vtnat^ rkeatM^^ atqtte adiius subtfitan^Of^ c(infttx~ 
rlmei*, tpeciiJfj anira^ tft iai^rriora hii^itQt e-^vtmutanqnc (crrantta t 

bOmtoiu tuldt^ icrram tnum^rat sinf/iiia/irri. So that, by this, An<t 
rtho former l>okcj it mny appchrc wh^t miuxner of Philoaopherci 
and Mathcnifltieiens have bin in tymeapast. ConcluHiiiniLUy than, 
in rc9i>cet of all lite prcmivjies, one part of my present »\iU unto 
your honor iv, tbat, by your Lordships ^isdomr, the Queens Ma- 
jestic msy be induced to think aomewbtit farombly (an very many 
other nol>1e and lerned of formyn lands do) of my great traruiW, 
btienee, constancy, cosIa, and credit, in matters l^hilovopbicaU 
Uathcmaticall i and ibereupjHm. in Uic ende of my carcfull 
fnctf to let aomc token of her Mojcaties Royall good affection pro* 
ecde toward me, whomc your Lord«lup knowelb (or may know) 
that Km|)cror«, Kin^a, Princea, Dukca, MarclilscN I^rle?", Banms, 
[And otlier many men, of grcut pgwre and magnificent courragC) 
lluive sued unto (in my tymc), to cnjoye my aimpk Talent, in 
Itbeir service or cumpany : To whome alt I c%'Gr have given 
er (aa my dueiy w«lb, and my atomach served me thcrto) 
for the honor of my naturall and drejid sovcrni^n, (for that tyme,] 
here racing. Your honor knoweth, that Thrc^or trouvc is a 
Tcry cnauall thing ; and of which, allthowgh Uic Prerogative of 
tlte Queemt Majestic du entitle to her a pix^prietie, yet how 



setdomc hcT Grace hath hitherto reccyvcd any commodity therl*y, 
it is to your honor better knowti^ than unto nic. But as for 
Mines of Oold and Silver, to be in Englnnd or Ireland, many 
hare written and reported both af old tymcand latter: tut I think, 
your honor Iinth, crc this, liard abundantly discoursed. The \vAut 
of a mine is a mattt^r for a Kings ThreiLsor. Hut a pot of two or 
tiiTci hundred pownds, &c, hid in the grovriid, wall, or tree, i* but 
the price of a good boke or Instrument for Ferapective* Aatro- 
noiny, or som feat of ini|>ortance. And truHy vulgar, obscure 
perxoni?, jls boMers and tanners, can (by color of sckin:; asAjiya of 
Meta1Is> for the sfty master) enjoyc liberty to content their fan- 
tasies to dig after dremisb demonstrations of place*, &c. May 
not 1, than (in respect of all tlic former allegations, of my payna^ 
coat, and credit in matters Philosophical! nnd Matbematicall), yf 
no better or easyer way, to serve my turn, will fall to my lot, from 
her Majesties hands : may not I than (1 say) be thowgbt to meane 
and intend good sen'ice touurd the QueenN Majestic and this 
realmej yf I will do the best I can, at my own costs and charges, 
to discorer and deliver true profe of a mync, vayn nr owre of 
Gold or silver: in some one place, of Jier graces Kingdoracs and 
dominions: txy licr Graces onely use: in respect, I mean, of any 
my dcmaund or part to be had thereof; But uppon tliist comfort- 
able consideration, that her Majestie do frely give unto me, by 
good warranty and assurance of her Letters i>atents, her right and 
propriety to all Thrcsor Irouve (and Bucli things commodious, as 
under that name and meaning comprised) by digging or search, 
anywhere, m lier t^raccT* Kingdonies and Dominions, 1, or my 
asaigncs shall come to, or find. And with all good warranty (for 
my indimmity) ai;ayn all htws, and persons, to make sercli by 
digging, or otherwise. And this to dure the tcrme of my life. 
And in tukcii> of my hart fully bent, to shew myself thankful! to 
your Lordship for cumpasing eyther of these two wnycs : (I mean 
cyther an caj^ycr means of provl^ioa, for two hundred ponnids, 


If, during my Wtc t Or thb caAuol inarlcj of poynfull scvdi)^ 
before Go<i I protninc unto your LorJuhip (or will by «t>i uppon 
thn RvAngclinU be bon-rtde) of nl! Thrcsor trouvc (commyug to 
my hands,} to inip«rt unto your Lordahip or your Mn^coj tlio 
^one half, during my lif<?. Moreover your Lordslnp nifty be most 

iircd that any not«bic benefit (throvrgli yuur LurdaliJps mcaiics) 
l>C8toircd uppon me now in the very pyticL und oppurtunydo^ 
sIiaU not, TMA yet can be liid under n 1>uxbcl1 : but in IlkCf with 
your Lordships fnmous renown^ very f&r, immort&Uy to be blazed. 
The third &nd lost prinnpall point of this my present nuto to 
LordrtMp ia, for your LordBhtp.i hand to a lettcrj directed to 
It, HaHyj Kcpor of the records of Wigmor Cftstcll; or to whomc, 
in thU CMCf it doth appcrUiyn. For thftt »t oay Into being thcre^ 
I cft]ik-d an heapof otdpApcrs (uidparchmonta, oblipatiors, acquit- 
tacoca^ aiccouittaj &c- (in tymc pint belonging to the abbey of 
W^mor] nnd there to lye rotting, apoylcd and tossed, in im old 
dcicaycd chappcl, not oommittcd to any man^ speeiall charge; but 
thro quartcra of tiicm, I undcntnnd, to have byn taken nway, by 
divcr»c (cyihcr taylora or oilier) in tyme* past. Now my fan- 
XmaIo id, that in w>m of them MiW he Aomc mention made of Nobhs 
ia<^ and Jcntlcmen of tliosc daycs, Whereby, (cythcr for chroni* 
etc, or pcdi};rc«) aom $ood uuUtcr may be collected out of them, 
by me (at my leysor) by the way of a recreation. And what- 
ao«rcr I <hall findc in thcm^ cythcr of your Lordslupii auceatoro, 
pn direct line, braunche, coUuterall, or match) whcrin I am not 
utterly ignorant: eytlier of any other nwttci worthy your Lord- 
fhipa knowlcdg, 1 wilt make true report, and deliver the aame to 
your Lordihipn ordring. Rut citt tliey ar to undordy, som of 
them, for your LordabipA cycj» to behold. Thu» in the pcrswaded 

irity of your Lerd^hips favorable intcqireting of (ill the pre* 

nisvcs; I cndc thin I nng letter. BeMrrhing tlte bleared Trinity, 

that this florishing Ktngdome may long cnjoyc the grcftt Talent 

committed to your LonUhip (from above) and on your Lgrdahips 

bdnKe inoat wmdj cmplopynl, U> tbc vdtli wmI tnaqulttyr of 

Tlus3orOctnb. IS74. 
Your Lordabiqkt voit bovndcQ 
JoHx Dek. 

To the Ri^t Honorable 
«n<l tny ^ingukr good Lord 
and I'atroii the Lord 
Bnrghlcf, Lord High 
Hircasorer of Ei^Und. 


enlargtmm^ in rtgwdo/Mw Hi/^^ tkhmtt- 

•«• Hcrbrrt, b Ui 9ii&9n of ,!«», p. TIS. noUcM " TV Dkemrfe «r « Gapla^ 
Gdf nlwrrbito EagUftd ii Uke to be iwtllovcd bj ui oUifr French wi^, if iJkc 
Lent forbtd not iLe bun, bf ktUDf b«r HifMHt «« Itv nn ud puaitbvnit lhcrv«f. 
H*iwiA<«wli, ^iiM !&;&/■ aA,4to. He hUa* " Jobs KimbU, crfLiuala'a lu, lb« 
AUlbor, WIU. ?Mr t^ pobUAcf , i&J SiafklCM tb< prlnU*. i«<rc trieJ oa Ibt SEabOlA 
I"* uid f Phil* Mtd MBTfi ifUEiEt t^ Bvihon, divfcTvcn, or pfiaters of ndidoM 
vor^, or mDOun j in cvnicc|ucace ■herrof Stabbi ud Fif« bod thfiir risbl brad* 
cut otf aUb ■ F>utfbcr'« knife ami % amXie'., Sb^letoa mi pardaacd." 

" 1 rnbfimb^r." t^ft CuoJcn/ " helaf iKerc fimcal, ibrt «Wti Stubb*, wtUr bk 
rie'bt liuLd 11*1 cut of. put «ff bii bAi iritb hk Idl. ud udd wltb ft lo«d rtUrm G«i» 
•AVB THk QtttK: (be multitodt lUndtng BbOQl vu drqilj «ikot; dtbcf ovi of 
bonxtf Ai Ihtt MWtfid uivonlnJ kjnd of |»anbbauBt; or cbfl Out of commitcnllos 
ivwvih tbc man, «« bdoc of tn buijut ud DDbbmcBble rv|iuE« -. ur die mt uf bttred 
ef tkii UArria^, vkii:]| «d»> uvn ptrt^rd wqultl be llie et*rlbnv cf R^fliaa.** 

Tb« Ordrr of Cooncil ta Ibc Lud Mutor ■>f Lmdon for tbo Fopprwian of Slubbo*! 
bosk, dated fmoOidn H4U a Enei.^Sqit. IS79. UpribUdlo avrtngtoto't NofK 
M»lf|V«, edit. 1901, vol. L p. 143* roU<>Wfd hj iwa or ifaicc olbcr P«p«f« ftAitisg U hk 

• Anuliof Q. Clk.u.iiai. 

I^fiTTSItS or B»I?<KNT t.lTKnAftY MBN', 


UmUlfetAl Nov. Zd.MlH-. *nd vr (inJ liim ntill in jiniun, not oulf M rlivdntaof 
the iinwiii LrttcTp Atgwc dlit, but Kt the ilmo Ihtf Dcit Letter vu vrLllcD, l>Miiin< 

Both IWm* LfClfi^ VFfV trrtftm wiEli St«bbt'« Ipft hand. Thoiv i* tnnrlicr In tht 
LaMdttwcCaUection, No. xuii, arllld, to Mr. aftrrmrdiSirMioWl Uiokn, ilaccd 
fr«aCatt»a,MtrNar«kh, 30ib JdIj. UK^?, ■Icocd," JiinHV^u»HK,8c«VA.'* 

Tile Ofilttl«D fonn«4] of Mubbei't Inraiag tnd tbiliUe* m bkA lUj, ro^f bt kaowD 
^ota Lvri Burgbkir'* mitkiBg clwioo of Uta, «ottO fMA Aftvrvrw^, to rnvwer ono of 

Tbe giftd tydings of her ^fa"'" most gracious disposition to my 
liberlie, my good Lord, sJ^niAed by Mr Secretary Wilson, did 
justlie reioycc me^ after ahtiottc a hole yeare of niany troblea, and 
half revived my wife almtjst in h dycng l)«ld. Now for full rcco- 
Ttfrieof Ibis joyc and Hfc, wbich th'at'coinplislimcnf. henrtjf will 
bringc respectively to ua botJi ; my next mcancs, afltr liir Mu*^<"* 
clenienc}'c, is by that clinsti^tn furfhcrancc of grcate per- 

Fvmngeit about Iiir IJi^lincssc. And thcrfon* by your L. good furor 
I preasc boldlie to the same, praying tlie joyning of your hono- 
rable ftnd helping; hand to hir Ma^'^'" royaU hartc now cnclynm;; to 

^tbe release of these heavie bondes of indignation. My poore wife 
)» a« hir shortc breathing ^ill suffer hir, doth inntjtntlid and 
bombljc praye the same of your Lordshippc, who as she hereto* 
fore sued for me and my bhertie, so now I fynd it my duetic to 
fue for her and her life. For tnielie, my Lord, even before God 
and your Lardshipp, whom I would not dishonor with an untrutbcj 
1 neither fayne, nor enforce this pitifntl motyve for my dclyvcrie, 
but aball a tbowaaiid tymes more wilhnglic receyte thii or any 
other ncTcr m grante benefitt by hir aicknes, then ever any 
nw)OBt covetous mnrehant did throw over bortic hi» mcost pre* 
Ijous fraight to ftave bis owne Ufc, Good my L. tht^rfctre beare 
with nie, if somwhat importunely I crave your L, favor for hir lifej 
and that in the Lord Jfttjtti^ Chrvstejt name. And for mc it may 

• filrfT«'jUleor Abp.GfiadaLp.4tt. 




plcuju^ yf>a to teatiBe that aa to liir Ma^', so hereby now to your 
L. I i>rofeit*e and lay fourtht a ?*f>mc and sorrtitvfull bart£> thiu to 
have mcurrccl hir Ma^" grcatc oScnce and jadiciall sentence of 
trans^rcsain^f the Lawe. Hentr^ fnurthe Towinge tliat short re- 
mayiie cf my lifc> mcI that smalc of my poore service, whully to hir 
HighncKSC, at kaat to pray for hir long life and blc^cd raigne 
over ua : and to yn* I^. tlmt you may in you and youn, in this Iife^ 
be right hnppiclic honorable and nglit ttonorablie happie. Tover» 
SI August, 1^80. 

Your L. suppliant, a mo&t desolat prisoner, 
with liis fticke fellow prisoner. 

Appended ra Mw Letter it tA'/otfovinff 

" Supplkaiion of M"" Sliibb, vifcuf M' J. Stubb thLtlottbii hand. 

'■ InmMlefaDtnble Atidhraenuble vtir,|htwclb, tndbewcbcth yourmoito nc«ll^t 
JkU"*, the iorrofull Mud deiioJit« irift of her tmforlUDilo huBbioJ iind yuur U**** |ioo« 
ftubjtfot J, 3. Tliu ahfrru jour «jijj tul^col. hy rutou of (J» ixtmpUiDj ot a c^crti^Ds 
parnphl'lt Intily prmlod anil kli»|icr«cd, litlli uol ou]i« procartd otto him Aolf Ihr jU 
opynlofiH of your M«'^' mooit? houorablf CoanielL buti aUq h«tb in«uiTfd your Hifh- 
lin inoonte icmvud* nmJ faorfutl d^ipJnuir. NotwiI^iitaQdin^ your povM luhjpoU taid 
iri/« Blandcth m good ]iO|w, ftTtd moof (« mfat^Uiir b^Hrhctli and brjcicOt of your muM 
amUoil Ma'^" lo bfl ffioi and # rixcioujie E^chc tuif iiTd« faim, *o mucli tbe nlUci bkanu 
Ihit albml, ■« il «tEaBiJi lb four M^*'*' nias juJgrmflDt, iiu4 In (be gMva fouidonlion 
of four mut hononbiv- C'out»«[L tint lh« *Ald Booko ihould c«nt«Tn« maCtcr. not ohIjf 
t^ viirbdrawc the cot^l vill aad opf nlon of fOur loving suhji><t* from TOnf Mjiic«tte, 
bull bI» to move and surr Ihnn to lediCitm «nd rrLellion; jcci, for the ipproTcd 
knovWgT Ehal j^ur poor nubj^ctt tiUd nlfi^ liMh, by mnoy nrRumcnU fliKr ibdrcttt^r- 
nii«na|t^iof her tatd buih«nd« loytU harlc loAurdi jnnr M^jptlif. by th* daj-lio 4&d v4r« 
n»le mcnrlotlojE of jour Mijeilic to God io Lti pnierr, by hie djlienit vid canibuMtl 
»rc fof the promMiocv of rfUii^ion, anil ibr c-liurrb of tiod. ibc dare tvottcbe tpoa ber 
tifp, conMim^e, ftnd lOute. tlat ber »ud buibAnd, in cn^aiiiiiiC «nd inl^tiOD* «m linU 
and upccUIlK tDDibt IbcrLri (Ijc f;1«ry lod boDuv of Guilt iioit tho pifvcrtotioa vi^ 
ufUo t/{ ftmr Ua^^ cnaal tAjnll pormn. and U<lU tli* puMn^k kr^l'' Ht\A )ifin«fil1 <»f KU 

conatij. And your liid lahjecti poort wife doth the loor? confidently approcbr odIo 
Um (bronP of fonr llinhiim mrrf^y, otlLiD); to hvr my&d« tbo niLaffotd tikd prutv worthy 
cjumplc* ttf ctcmcocy, buooj^ttc otbvr joar bcroloall & moaat boniirable TErtuM noud 
\n your Ma^ fjnt (h< bcpaaiii^ of r«ui ratgno untill this pnKiii, uott onlj tpwudi 
nich u biv« Ifjtblty olTendcd jauf Majpi((«. botf to tuch hlto ai bnTB malirdoiulf Bud 
CndtofOuily Kougbt both tbe orerthr^kc of inie r«llg;ioii» IJm deitniotuia of yvttt a 



TfiD p*nDD, Mill fubrfnuQ of oar mooit bari(*r *tttB tad EOTframrnt : fjr i\e vhtclk 
OM«Cs I da mofC Waredlf tmatt aij »ctf f hul it ycjur cnosl rirrEJt nt Mn"' of 

Ibv abModanc* of jruur tocnitooiBd mercy to cule jaai ccrrnpujinnit cjc upoci TUf 
hU liHb«id,iuidTDftka him ftl»o oiw furEhor •xtmple of ^ronr Ma^*" £oaJ u>t] |-rAcioiue 
, €tranBcr« frbgby both ht iaJ E (bniJu thr fmmUt oF <iur ilnllr Ami ji!](£i.ianof) bfthii 
pertkvUr mid capecdatl C«t«ur juiJ owiv^r tovurdt Ui> ibalbn cnfurrrd not on]j EO hiv« 
]| in onDtynttdt rnneinlinnc<< viih mooiC hfrtjre thanlii to tbc liigM pritbe of rour 
Ui*^ Bfivy. ind iIm ba moVfCe 4vL>Jy tiousdc, mooitv oaruesUy and btrteiy to p'^T* 
lo AlaigbAy Cod tbal tlir rrnniiybdtfr of your Ma^'" nij^fi nnj bo nooft peaonbUBJiA 
fra*p<r 011*1 Bbd to contjnvw. if it bn hU blnutil will, vwr/' 


Jckn StuSietf /rvm thf: 'Ihwt^r^ to Mr. Mkhad Hickea, to lend hu 
iutertit to save a person condemned to die* 

[N^, fjuud. 31. trt. Id. 1>n><] 

Mr. Hides, this bearer U my freod^ and tli^rfore <]oe for hym (I 
_ pi»y j-ou) wlut you can : he is very honest, and therforc you rany 
btUerc him. The mattre of his &ut^j and niyn fur hyin, is to 
olitein Sergeant PuL?kring*s liart nnd hand subscribed for saving of 
a man's lyfc condemned in his Circmt, It needeth th'emploj'cng 
of som good frend, berau^t Mr Sergeont is^ vpo wm Lard enfor- 
miK;it>n, hftnliy bent ai^ninst the man, I bethought me of M" 
Moon9on, who can doe aomwhat with hj-m. You ni&y be n good 
meane to inr^ and if my name to >iir will ciiuMe hir to be more 
camtfit hcrdn, I also desire it of hir very hartyly. Vac your own 
discretion. The case ahold seemf; of som equilic, as ttiat wherin 
diuers of \\\e Pnvi<* Couiisaile haue written ; M' Atkins also, who 
is hr» Wow jiistiee, favours tlie furtherance herof. I recomcnd 
me to you and yotir honest cruc. The Lord make you all Ui 
■ AncrcAaa in habiUt:o and hartij will to serve the Lord and hi» 
' Chureh, Farewell to you all. Pray for your old poorc restrained 
frend, that he maij never comitt any thing vnworthy any of your 


Godly acquaintances, or that shold make you ashamed to ac- 
knowledg hyra to be that he is, 

Your loving and faithful! fellow and frcnd, 

John Stubbe. 
Tower, primo Decembr. 1590- 


Archbishop Wkitgift to Lord Bwrghley. Engaged in framing 
Statutes for Cathedral Churches. The University of Oxford 
" out of frame in divers respectsJ* 

[Lansd, MS, 46, art. 69. On>.J 

I most hartelie t):angk your Lordship for sending uuto me this 
Paper inclosed^ which I had thowght to have delivered unto you 
my self yesterday at the Court, yf your Lordship had bene there, 
Yt ys a verie confused platforme, in my opiniouj and differing 
frome all other: nether can yt long stand. I have now browght 
the Statutes for Cathedral Churches to some perfection, wliich I 
porpose to send to your Lordship shortlie to be perused. The 
Universitie of Oxforde ys much owte of frame in divers respects. 
I thingk long till oportunitie may ser\'e me to imparte the same to 
your LordsJiip, for thowgh yt do not peculiarlie belong to your 
charge, yet am 1 persuaded that your Lordship hath a verie ten- 
der care thereof in respect of the Church and Commonwealth^ 
whereof yt ys a principal! member. Thus remayning your Lord* 
bhips moat assueredhe, I committ you to the tuition of Almyghtie 
God. Frome Lambeth^ the 21 of March, 1585. 

To your L. moste bounde, 
Jo. Cantuar. 
To the ryght honorable 

my singuler good Lord 

the Lord Burghley, Lord 

Tresorer of England. 


Dr. D« t^ Qffr^ Elizabeth', from Boheotwn TMiau^ ftnq^nthi- 
ictinff her Mqi<»tjf nptm the Df/cat 0/ the Spanish Armada, and 
txpre$sing kis oht^ima: to Her MnjesttfU wiU, that he and Mr. 
Kctljff and ihcii' fumUiety shouid return komt. 
{ HwL MS- «9efi. irl, tt. On>.l 

*4* Dr. Dh, AiyrorJIn^ I^^ thr tutemAnC b lhi« L*r,trr. InH bfNtn tmritvd hoot 1»j 

Qneco fitiMbcfth hb coHy as tbc aatnma of ITiHT. WIjjlC hin tlc« of ffuKvemciiit 4t 

Tribftu wvrr, wr iro not foli i but in Nor. l^A^, he uyi, " I and ralor, by (luJ'« 

Cnor iad Uelp, aod ftflcr tlio iriott coEiTrnivut mJiunc^r wc cau, vJU frooi henceforth 

«TOT our*elvtt. futlifullj, tojjtUjt cBfcfiillj, vullfr *<■■' ^iftoaUf C9 ijd itad 

f Bntaofle cuvelviv from htncc," 

ll wm. aot till bfaf I.^H<f thai be left IVIIulii: tnd then moTod homovard tn tho 
■taU aad eokmnirj ofi Frincc. Tbt ticeouiit of hic Ur« «ddrvBMd lo th« two Com- 
miMiOODH. V-it Xlioinu Uorgc* atiiI Mf- ?^ce^cury WolEfy, leat Co Xiita. Ijj Ihc Mu«ea 
\m I&!IV» «nd |)Tt««Tpd ia Ihc CoHoalna MS, Viic&L C% viii' iLiu atACcs tbe cipcuci 
of his poreer - 

" Mf |?iimc7 of niaotv homvuMd from TruboQ Cutle to Sltde cent me more lba& 

3000 dilcn. vMflb »c «cci>iint at jCVjOO. Iknith^ ihv ea»t of kt. honcR vhuren^th t 

tnvijlrd «ll t)ui joni«7, of vhkb (be twdtc which ilrvwe my three Cuacbei w^re tery 

I^Md «*d yaiiiig lluufw^AEk horsri, and llifi ocbcr Ibrre vrcra WallAjckos for Ibe tAddoU » 

I AftencCttitb one vilh another. jTI'^U. The thru ncn Coschu. msdB |fUF|Mitp]y 

br my fotatyd Joraay. wilb tbc furniture for tbr x^- coaob borvK, and wiib Ibc >ad- 

1 ud bcydelb for Lbe rc«t, co4t more ihon tbrcAk<tre po>«adji' The rbux^ vf *Tajn« 

nrry ai; goodi, from Tnbon to Stadc ilioy beyng tDineilmn two^ «onic(yTno« 

rnrtc (for laor* cabj uid U^bi potaOigf to booo ptAon) oait sbove '*■■ {Jura iAt 

tmmtfript u ^mf .) 
** Tbt chvpi* of uij fnigbt sad [iiuijtcc from Stndr to l^ndoa, for mj E<>odi», my 
L idf, my wife, chyldrcn* tad terrnoLs, £10. So that the t^tnU lOm of ntODcy ipcnt, 
\§mi lajil o«C lb mttA tot mj nmoro fnim Trotontf co Loadoni doiJi omouat to £7£Mi.'* 

Most grfttitius Soucramc LoJy, Uie Gu<l of heaueit flttd earth, 
(who hath mightSlie, ai^d evidently, given vnto your most ex€cll<TDt 
Rciyall MaiestiG, thi* wumlfrfuU Triumphant Victories against your 
mort^U cnemiear) be allw^es thankcil, praUed, and glorified: And 
the vme GoA Almightie euennore direct imd defend your must 
BoysU Uighncs from all cnll ant! encumbrance: and finUb and 
cotifinne in your most irxccllcnt Makstio l^yail the blessings 




bng since both decreed nnd offred: yea, eucn into your moftt 
gratious Itoyall bosom nnd lap- Hii;>j>y iiri? they rliaL can per* 
ce>'uei and so obey, the pleasant call of the mightic Ladie, Op- 
PoiiTUNiTiE* And thcrfore, tindii^^ our duetie coficurront with 
fi most secret beck, of llic wiid gratiou-t PrinccK* I-a<lie On-OftTu- 
HiTiE» now to embrace* and cnjoyc. yoar most excellent Royall 
Maiesties high faror, and fcratious s^rcat clcmcncic. of calling 
me, Mr, Kelley, and our families boame, into your Br^iisb earthly 
Paradise, and Monarcliie incomparable : [and, that, abof^t an yere 
■ince: by Master Customer Yong Iiis letters] 1 and myne, (by 
Ood his fauor and hc1p» and after the most conTcnicnt manner wo 
can,) will; from bencefurtli, endeuour our seines, faithfully, loyally, 
carefully, wnnly, and diligently, to ryd and rntangle our aclnes 
from hence: Andj so, very dcvowtcly, and sowiidlie^ id your 
Sacred Majenties feet, to offer our Bclues, and all irhercin we are 
er may be hable to 9er\'e God and your most Excellent Royall 
Maicslie, Tlie Lord of HoiuLs I)e our help, and gwyde, tlierein : 
aiid gniunt vnto your most excellent Koyall Majcsdc tlic Incom- 
parablcst Triuophant Kaiirne, and Monarcliic, that euer w&» tince 
Mans Creation. Amen. 

Trebon, in the KiTifcdome of Boemia, 

the 10^ of Nouembre, A- Dni 1588, stylo velerL 
V'our SiLcrrd sitd most excellent 
Uoyali Majesties 

Most humble and dutifull 
Subject and Serrant, 

John Dbb. 
To tbe most puissant and Perelcss 
Princess KjjXAiiKTti (by 
the UraccTjf God) of England, 
Fiance, and Ireland, the mo»t 
renowmed Quenc, her mo«t 
excellent Royall Mujeslie, 



Dr. D** VM ptmHf cniAOit «» a nvlLenjticiimt bat of m tiiD uid unbKiouj 
qiliit, nffiljr Iriektd. Hkd hlfOAclr «n ivubankl impAiCdrL tiTtng kov Ur bt »utd 
like tflrkOUtc at hutMu cretiulii^. He UTL»hcd wtanej mauh Fft*Lcr tbin b« obuinrd 
IL TIh CodH, u nuj b« piibatd from Ibe prmdiaiiE Ixticr, upWId hiiD. Th* 
FopidMa tpok hUa for ■ ■e<vcmanccr. Ai tfir Uttpr mJ of Mt hr bcMoie miwnblf 
pow; And, mt xhm agr of •fiehlj'-M^tD. |ir»ailoJ tbe folbnnn|[ PBdtion to Kinc J-tmc* 
tfc* FbO. ftUll prnrrvfd opoo a pnntj^j »h«I in iW Brili>fc MaM«n t.ihmiT, It pi-o- 
IMj fm\t6 to ftltnci l^ nulicc b« npMUd. u tr« trr told lb«t ftt Ibe tlua of lii« 
4atb, fear jean Bftcrvirdt, tw wua MciuuUj |)roij(lui| for • acn joaiaej ukio Gvr- 

Tl* true Cofic «f M. Joha Dtt bni PctiOott to tbc ElDg* mc»t uccnmt Ma/mUc 
eihlbtied: A»ao KKM Jonij 5, at Gir«i»wicli, 

To tht Kinn luoat cxfvllnit MiirvtiVi 

la MoM bnnble tad UmtvUblc muiacrr bcieccbclk j-oor RojwM MiJMtie, fonr 
HifbonM moflC dlitnif^d ^rnaot, Joto Dm t Tbsl, a«i !>? Ibr %t*ot nod prDridcnof 
of lb« Ajmi^lif, jirm «ic our K^b^' <JUt CBilblf SvpRUue ilcad, uid Ji^J^t : Jx> il 
mar pta — j«nr nctrd \Itja(lc, virthfr iii jra&r awna njvll pmmoc aDd heuiiif ; Af i 
vf Ihe Lordra of jour ?kt>j»^ia moA boaonUe Mnc CoaBwll ; »r, cf tbo pnanU 
liMmbM PvUoMat -Sum. (o cMue yoor lJi|bMM« ta^d Strtwl, to be Cr7«d and 
tUsnd uT ihn bomble ud dftnnablc* aail lo biro mool gncTom »d duanagnble 
Sclumlor, (oncrdf , aad for tkcac rouj j r<r<« hat p«*t, U tbli tCmgdoiiH njMd, 
iftd CD«ttnacd, bj rcf-^ nd PHbt. o^nat hijv ^ Kunelj. TbU W i>, or liAtb tnn i 
Coftjnnr, or CallfT, oq-loTOCitorof dirrli: Ufoa «b Job ncMt DDiodlyand ttUt tv^rt, 
a* boldly* ^owimntif, «sd IvpudraUjr H^oucbH: Jt^ and vocontroUrd, nnd bithnto 
ttnpuokbed, fur ttt duo; jtcrci, cooUnning : [Albert your M^vfiin Hiil SoppUua 
Itt* pabU^aJ lb Pri«« dtrtn bit Mrwii AfQloffiM t««iiiBl it) jot torn* ivpudcal and 
mJao— fbrnjne c*rniH, or Enilub traftm to tbo flon»bifif SUite aai Honor of ibf 
K if dattP, hMh in Print (Aano li^, T Jauuii) afimed yow H^jntiei wid Sup- 
pUut, lo be tb« Coo^mr balo^iaff to Ibe MoM Bonorvblv Prrrie CoovcU of )ow 
M^fwncf moit fhmow tax PredeocMor (ilMon Elicabvib). 8« ibot. >*do( ib« Hid 

*l>b4Alii4blc Sfllwadar b btoone r> id^ly k^Tuiu. -nd diiflnevTitll. tb*i h pre- 
tudetk crMt diMavdk nod dklOJnc to be bad aUo of tbe taid ment Uonorvble Lordi 
of JIM M^eOin PriTi« CouiwaU (u to ue nj Coajorvr* idiiM ; and joar Nop- 
pitut to be tb* DUO.) It. thrt«lbr», •orfneto. (opon dixm rtqwcU-J to be icry 
McdHalL doe and apavdj Order to be I4ben hmim-. hj jowr HdjMlc* wi.*dooie, a»d 
SoprVAO A«Il>onti«>(br«eor ibe Ibiw fftre«id ifi«iii». or anyatbef.) lo1«»a Tonr 
nUfcniiti Mad ftopptJant lo he tn^d, in tbr piemiMHi Wbo offerelii Umielfa 
«t|fcn«lf. to (be paaiibvcet cf Doatbi t" fta tf/Mfr Kt U ttom^d U dtvlh; Of 
•• ft |# kwritd it^irU: vr /• S« frwafd MUwrrifWIy^ If by aajr da#, uv. aod 
**ivl w«aB«a> tlic Mid MOM of Coa}anrr, or Ctlbr. or I*ioo«l«' of DiTOb or danMd 
*■ H^H'T-, va l>« pfwaJ to ban htww, en to b*. dotlj or joaUr Rpartad of hlM. 



<* or altribntcd nnio faim •- Y«n (good, «n4 KmnioUB KInc) If mr onr, of alt the fTMt 
'^unilicr. <»r llic f cry atmnjfi' nml fritoluiiA faMrji, nr hlRl(irif> rrjiurtt'ii iikJ IoM of 
" bim (m to hmc bccae of hii doing) wtrc True i ai they have btenc folJi or nwoiu 
" till J' L~-uvH-it any winMlrin^ luiiuitg ui tc>, tlic utrv\j bcMcirU MulLiluiIe. or Id kdj DthcTi 
V vhowtft-r, »!■ '^ AtkI. rhvn. jntir M^hnmnvAid Suppliunt, (npan hii »i4 Jtiril- 
0tjon And €lodrmg« raode Irrcm.] will coaccTTe ^rr^l and undoiibt«<l bn|iV| ihnt 
yODr M^ritic "ill, boojm n/icr^ more willio^lj tinvfl Prlnctly regknl of rtdf<«iiig of 
your Hi^hntfOV vaid Sruppliant bi* Tafdcr ttri^'i^t anil l]m<l(-(«iic<?i i no Ioniser of biiH 
poniblj Co be endured : v> fuug IibUi hia titlcr utidoing, bjr Ultlc nnd littlv, IfCfliid 
mmt unjuirtty 4^in[id)iBe(l. The almighllc and mo«t inemfull <iod hIwij* dirrri jrour 
Mijcstiei royal hmrl, in hjf wttyei of Jutttuf: aniJ Mtrcj, a# is to him iuoit4'^cc|iUbleG 
•Dd nthlie jrour IkUjc^f^ri^ Ui be the luunt blcutd and 7>LumphHnt Monmb, thM «vpr 
Ihli brytlftb Kmpirc cojoycd. Amen. 


Sir T^enfff Hcn^agc to Lord Burffhi^yyjrom ihc Cctiri, 14M 3fa^, 
ISt'O. Tfic Queen comtnawijt t/ir Stt//yi'e»»hn of Sir JoAn 
Smytfteit '* Dhcouncs on thr forms and tffcds of diren sortu of 

[tjjud. MS. 64. arL 4.1. Ofiy.] 

« My Lord, 

" Her Majesty lialli even now told me that Sir John Smith 
hfith lately scttc fonJic a Bookc in pnnt«, of Uie dy*coun.e» of tlic 
me of sundry weapona> in which (m licr Majesty tdleth mc) he 
tochcth dyvcr* pcTKOiw in a sorte so, as Her Higtint^^v don-tetb 
tliat yt may Weed discrcdyt to dyvers of great quarrctl. And 
tJierforc Her Majeatie haUi commanded me to wrytc to your 
LcjrdaJiip that you ^\\<nM (pvc present order that tho» booke* 
wear called in, both bycau.sft they be printed without privileage, 
nnd t)uit they may breeii rooch question and quairell. This is her 
MaV» opinyon and pleasure. TJie Book 1 never aawe." 



Tht foOovliiK it the Tide ofthfl irork alluJM 1o : 

" CcrtAkQ Df«ci»r«t«, vriClea by Sir John Smythe. Knight : coocembg Ibe fonnti 
^nd eB«cU «f 4iam iotU of Wraponii, •»<! oUirr Trrip imporUat in«tl«» Mililarlc. 
i ^liUkcn by lUucn of uur men nf wArrv JiJ lIjvai? iLiirM ■ bikJ cliicAy uf thv Mob* 
lb« Cdiiwrf and thfl Lonjc'bow : Ai hUq, of lh« ffivnt mlfirtfxiiiiii, uii«ll*nDi«, 
I woDflcrfal bAuU of Arcbrn ; ttllh nmny ooOblo ewroplt* and ctlwr pvticnU- 
rilln, lijr him prMCOted to the Nobllitic of thU Ktaime, And imblinhi'd for the benefit* 
of Ihli hU QOi** CottaEri* of Cagland/* Hto. London, I^SUh 

" John SioajrUw ^t SinitU** ■■p Antoa^ A Wood, " «oii of Sit CLcracnt Smjlbr' of 
UUc Boildw Id Ettfx. by Dorolby liiflvifn, atiilertit Rclvrftrd Seymour dvkoufSvQmnrtfVt 
(wboM iul«r Jane Seymour vii the tLirJ wifeof Kiog Hflory Vlll.). wm bom, w II 
IJMIII. kkEoMi, aad Uid Uiq TuundBlJon cif litcruture in Oiun. but In nhjit home 'ibi 
ijl to Qnd, bfcaoae boUkbU nam« irc Tcr/ eoaiiooD. Aftcrvudi teiof (iiat- 
dij isolbked, bv lTa*«tltd Uco tafVout oouofrira, eitrdaad biumir In fvais uf aroai 
knd bf a » «a veil a rotnplent tuldicr, u [radeoiBD. At Imjcth he waa made tt 
bnifbt by Qarvn EUttbctb, ttitd by bcr icnC imbiuadaf Into SfiaLn, in l^TG, u bdU[{ 
&pfr*on of a S|ianieb pOJt aiid demMHOur, mad r^lt lll]o^TD ro (bo Spnoiafdv. vho 
bcU him, lU Uiclt Kib^ did, iu high tsIuc, aad cepeadlljr iot Lbia Ravcin, Ibat be vd« 
lb«l<flDiiBto KiDf Ka«ard VI.'* 

Hw QiURi't fint Dijjirclioa to 8Jr John Smitb'i " DlifouffeB*' prubAbly uroi^ ffoiu 
Ae penwi of fadj " Proemti/* ftddreued l« tbc Nobilili?. in vrbioh hn uot onLy dU- 
do Md, but dmoiuoed, in uarneantTd bnguage, tbe mal'pr^ctiGca or niAoy of her 

" Aad wb^rMi iIbo all cn^t Ceptaine«« Cbleftoinrt. and meo of obareo bare boldea 
Jhro MCilinc, to pn^ene by all mratiM powlblc (he JLteji of their loldien, and not to 
iB|il07 and baaanJ Ihcm appon averic light ocoaiiom. and Chcrvivilball to eiicocac the 
pnrrnrfaiu of tb* livtt of a vrrie fevc of tbtir toldlerv, brforr ili« btlllnf; of Jtriat 
Bwtaben o# thnr cmtmicv qxph to conrnriwiitcj, th* acw dJitc^ijtUBv of aouci of our 
MQ of tmrro hi Ibc Lowe (loLiutrtH, baih teen. lo »fud and ensploye ibcLr i-uMJert 
kMVMMb 4na£geruua and raine ciploim and lerdt^n, wirbnul auy rea»on MihtiuJej 
ionog f«rc Tt^d lo their ono tafctje* : oa Lbougb they dciircd and toped lo hava 
mace gaini ibid pioUte by iht dead pnlca of their ti^ldLLrn Alai^e. lUnu c^i^rtuc uf rcpu* 
Kttofi by lb* aldbiffting and pntThilmg in »ni« kucU viLN'r|irJ»H. 

" &«ide« that, it hath b«eD tomrtimra a prutin by fomeofour luch cacnof varnr, 
tbe; btve bomc ante hattvd jr inalic« lo tvii h u havif tcned under ihent, 10 
t kPRie daFigvroui onterpriM or purpote to employ ibcni La, from whence Ibey 
nifkl henlly eacape *ilh their lite«, tu (be iut«Bt thai (hey nd^hc iU ivro narkoa at 
Ott* ahooU^ (hat it, taliit mnn^ nf luc^b aa they hated, and gaine (he df «| pfii<*a nf 
M>h •• vtf« ibere ibuae i vbieb traa aa ibfemall iofoiition. And tbii 1 voold nat 
faff Ml downe if I had not bnrd H mont eonalaatlle aUlmied bj eoino of tbivM them* 
Ebot bare been ef porpoae icnt to >nob bangnwla, and bai« wktb emt daungvr 
t OVi of Huh enlrtpnaca. And Trhfraaa ibero it naLbin^ ator* re^xiuiilc U keopn 

ma vf vim in obcdkoro tud diidpliBO. tbui piy util good u«mec of their ChiefUina, 
CAMD. aoc. ■ 



Coroii«ll«i Ctpuinei, >Dd otlitr offlceri, (vhlch luilb been Ihe caoic lint b hU «bU 
ardareil varf«d both inclenl ftucJ taoAtsne, lh« GoitfraUi, ChieflaiB**, *nii CftpUinai, 
h«ve nliruAi qi(mI to irocurt bud lilivrnlliii (o ioit. nr ta nar tho uiino peicd 10 Cbcir 
tolduTK, wJtLoqi (Id'rtmJJns tbrm of «ny pari thereof ;) ig uoic of our mch mtfu of 
nraiTC have in iLoie vuru procuml pay for thvir Foltlirrt : but when ihrj luro 
obtklacil BHil tridciirJ it, lUcj' tmvc vjttd Uiwrt WAica (g dcfraudc tlifin vf tLe t^met 
but ^ihipfljr lim, A|ircUUtD tu bi' tiotcd ; of the wblcii thf rint balh bero. fhal pn irntly 
upun tbc rtt^cijit of llicir pay (ur els tTml tfacf luvo been auun-d that ibry tbotild 
Tvcfi'fl tb« snnii*) withtu ji dtf ot two <Ialci «ftor, they lure |ires«aElie cIcvImiI aoue 
Teri[; ili:Lun|{troai ^otcrprlic to tmploj tbcLr banita tod companiu io, to make pnxif^ 
huw mimiriu inoh ri:frtnyrp« ihonld !«««? llioir hvpi. ihfct t^f^y night nui^b l1iiimH>lT#fl 
by Ibelr licod poif^i i iltirtnfc frbiob vmpIoTicFOti. ttnae of our racb cbiefe mra of narrtf 
that 'IcriricJ thi? uiioc, remained in great towDi fvaatiag, buif^upttiDf. *Bid cuonlag 
wLtli their duD». And their Kcocd pDlide md practiie hath been, th«l thvj^ hjn* 
plaiolie kfipt rmd roo'crled (at rather perverted) « gttMt pari ibctreof to their owoo 
iLUii, lodging tl^rir nolditrl di«pAr«od lind ttngtJos in tIIIji^'!, and in alevl of piljr hAT« 
Buffert-d ttcm to goe o/fn ^irorcr, tb&l waa* to rcrbbe tud ipoyle the Doom OMt 
friendi; Thcrrupuo itcninri to pan?, that the Boorcf, TcariDg such mrtv^uttifv mtm 
thAU tUcir eoennn. dJd iTiiifi thrmMvtn, and ftrouJu ujioo ibcLr gtrdcft, in lucb Ktn, 
tbaL at tiniM Ir oovt iha livH of a ^rvat nuukbDr uf our hrawNitioji, \nit for Cap- 
t«iD», dirme wajva t9 Iivi:^ido MvtfibAntai aad rhicHj^ in aelliajE thrir bindr« oii« to 
■nothvri Ai aUo in Icdio^thfm lo fsrmv for a yoarply rent unto tbpir IJetiteQanl*. a* If 
Ihej were flock« of milch rwcs, it hath brro too oflea pitt In practlw. And vhcrea* 
alio, all Gcncrvllpi and Cbiefrlaiiiei tif all Nations ofaiiic judgcuicut, tipoc Iheapyruauh 
of D,nT Citip, Tnwn?. nr pUcp fortiArd. haTe iiard to approach the lame vith trrnchai, 
croiU-tnncboj, iptbiDnii, and divcne other urdin^iry hdJ utmordioary inirntioDflj 
(aoardiag unto the sltuntiDn of the gronnd,) for the preierviDgp and Miisg of tbo llTttS 
of their aouldLera, tind tliat Ihey harp nut otTvrvd iv kitb any uiault, until by tb« btU 
lerjand t'§tcti>t grraX OrdinHunpff. pUtiffl nppon tba CivnlaarM fby ui (inTl'd Moanta) 
or by tdltcry from the count tracarfc cut. and Cficncd b^ tlic fiankorr of Ib^i ^^ulnarketv 
pUtfbrcDev, and rfivdine hnxv brroi- cnken tvitiy, nad tho Artillerle of the iDviird 
Mount! dlamouflicd. aud a stiOicieiic breach ^ii thf curtkve made uti4ult4bb', wjtb the 
drJD or »Cl dif^hr* filCtd lo taho away the effcetes of Caaamatea, u also Ki taakc tbc 
entranfp of thr vouldjprv into the ditchcm and brvrwb inoro «fio. and with 1»te daun- 
(*t 1 and otborninc with ^reat order of Iheir Armies of hortrmpn md foolenif d reduoed 
itlto tbcir Squadrona dxiA other fonoes, for the garde of cbrir ('iimpr:s find Kirld : So 
DODtrariwiH, our ttvdi men of wnrrr (being Ignorant or all dLie^jitlne Miljtarloj bare 
beno ma prudiHuU of tb« li««i of that SouldiDn, 1^at tli^y hiiT*i dirt<n timaii unC th«in 
(bi it mere to the butchery) to at*c uiitaoU to cprlain akooc"?>. and other Mich fortifict- 
tioDJ*. *ithoutftny lucborderorapproacli, orOluDg avti uiySaAkcni or nakiDguy 

" Bnidoa Lhat, In thia later lime (I tuDans within thuo vcr^ fewD jcana) ouut 
fnnsJy ud ignorancly in the time of wiatAr, withaome Chduaondes of our brave Kncllah 

LrrrsEif of rmixent literary ukx. 


p«0f 1«* lliff |u« «boodn|E at ^rnnyt direrf wf«k» ai^ioit lomfl i^mit Towne wll fot- 
lifird, witb 1 bread and t l^rgv tirer naTi^te bfiasbrtwut Ihcm, viLhontaDic oUer 
frvjn bcaAfffofl of El. lii^lr C«iDpv lyioc in > "ft mAriiih Kronnit* wbirrc Uinr fOuUien 
k thdr fratrh« and fDbtfncU Koodc to Xhe mul l4-ef^»la d^rt ami mjTe, niil tVoAt. 
■dov^ nlnvtOQil m^vU, and «tpall ilon of ticiutll, and iKhnr dUtfHipcliijCroA Uicii^w, 
dtd diatodga iFrt^n^ b^ lunJa, wttbobt tn^ chififrt«iiM lo dirtet uttd fOrwro^ tliW- 
AH whUh ^iBofdvn rmi tk« Lvu of umc IliouMnda of our c^*°t EafUbb Natinn, 
ttvdoad pajraaftbn which of ao frrat tiuiubfrs of toulditra to faodly and tfiUuUf cul 
tiray, did rcdoond grvvllf to the mflchmg of aomt of our >ucb lum of warrv. And 
DOW In iLe auii Uirr bmiN when bU th.iiii^ii «li<nild hj all n«*ou bdvc bci-u rcdiiccd noto 
OnW and AwpTi&n. Iwausi^ Ihr lUitnrA of iha fr>m< «■< iilr*npd frani mrrLiraDrf and 
ToUnlary, to prlucfU'w flutlioriti* ; I oicaan tlin StomRirrr hefyrt ibc Earlf of LetKater 
weal OTvf , of our luch men of war ih&C hid irrTed divrn yrvrra before Iti llicite part* 
dtt1a«d a D«w« inmiitan. qpvcr beard nor r«td of tuTart nmunipii »njr meD af <rarro, 
%at Ondf upoa aooic i^rcat tAc^boi nud tilrciuitirj. oud that wu^ tbat Lfaeir HtLdJun, 
lo lUada of paj wlih mann' abouht he unycl in tVorflnd, whlith ■■& hraid diiJ 

', tftd Mbff loob victoall uf tbc bolt ch«ipo and btseit sort, iod that taied by 
I nyin^v Ih^t tt via oot conTvoioot ibar their ■ouldior* ihoulii rocfave Ibtir 

pajraa. bacautr ibf j knrwp not how to Uj out ilicLr nxonej> buC that tLc^jr vnuld 
>pcod U Idldtj I *W)v limiilicUj and h|^orao«c, if )( had beena In tbflan i*» II «aa not) 
Qi«7> uid thdr oinrcfj, by good tnitmirtioii ibouli) b«rp rrromcd the nm«. Bui inch 
coTCt^u) vjcn of WTV, Qudrr tbnt iirftcocv ($m tliougli \hrlt aouldiorx bad 1>rno irilbor 
nobntlnrmD foolaaorchildrvnUHd, cantrarie t) alE mlJklnfic order, put (he|{r«atnl |>Brt 
of tbdr aoaMlora la thons plcntlfaU Countrtfa, partly by hun^, and puilf b^ cr[|I 
|ftd|[fng» and altOfiitbvr by the ■m>l] onm «ii4 mivUH of our cu^h mtnofwarrv did 
|«ri«b, Bffidm (bat, tmt numTKirH of pucli Ib^Et ai<ke and atarrod aouldiora. by Iho 
Ordfr of lhieEiri«of Lcloc«ter> nro id ttoar pa^(» embarked, inil tTAnapnrtcd bEo 
Zatct, %Mt, and other partn of EdkI*d<^i *" rr^i^or^r bralth, of wbicb forenid ^at 
BiMtbcn uf m^rablt! and pUlfuL gbo«t*, ot latLcr fllmduwrii of iriDn, ibd iCvct and 
K«alali«arta and etrltra (ibat Otrrled tbfDk) fan fptvlfii^; orvhich. at^acvp thr furljtrh 

aab eacapcd «f th llfo. AIm. irh«iianir ofthvirSoliUar*, thraojtb the ntaichliiiM* or 
•canitia of their Tictua!! or by ihclf «ukU bd^nf, or bj tbc pr^trrlnf, nr lying of two 
or tbr«« bufldred of tboiu rogf-tber ia tome one CbuKti, and wo io divan Charcbn, 

qpOP Hif bar? (uvviQEiita, or upon dlTrfa t^lbrr duordtnt anit uUnaagca of vomr of 
onr Meh w«m of «ar> f#ll iirkn: Aiir d^rb men of warre pmemiy did cuue and dia- 
AargO tbom out of iVir bandi for dr^d tnen. turniai: (brtr Provtad nonof a-iih alt 
PtiyiMW* into tUir o«ii« purtm* procuring newe aapphea of wall apparelled and 
lBtf| foac ncaoui of England, to the iuLrnt co boptb Ihalr otto« tiin»«>, and ta coa" 
aaaat hodIc aJl«r peopla* All wbiaU banailoiu diaordm of aoma of our aonh mm of 
agalOAt thflir Sooldfora, coatmrr to atJ diai^lplinc MiHtoHe* ty tbein prantifd aad 
with ialtnlt Othart [■U«h to rchtane would male a hofc lolume) were the o«a' 
that muty thoukandi of XUn luitlicac and dia|ioil aart of English pffjplr, w«ro 
wanv* C«a It irora) witUugly or wiiUofil; <mA awaji boida gmt buaabwa. 



Ini uBitetnig of wbich chmr iiiiKlill^rUk« «nd faiid nrmbc?, orwl th$X doMo uti 
I vortbif Ucnitrmu; Bit Pliilip Sidiifrr fail JifiTr bf- i>ot wtarinf hit cuiton, «lu> in the 
[oplDloa of dlTcn Gtotlcnten ih&C hk« him burt vltba icotqufit ihot, if h« hnd tliil 
Idaj vorn bis euisief, tlio bullet htd not broken hU thigb bom, by nuoo thit tbe cdkdf 
1 Ibro* of Ihf butkt (btroni Ibt blow«) vu In t mumtr puL" 

P, lObp *' jL TWvfc u not to bti hijtdKA fof ptiinpff«C« f*t anl« iniAllir nambor tHto 
of 3OO0 soUUcTf, ApcordLoit tij Uie ordinnric reflm^aU of tUiliiui*. Wnlkinf., anJ oihvr 
, Katkin* Ihkl Kr« IB tbno duu af tbo \iltr number," 

P, nb- *' Now, wborcnn tbej nllrlbuic itncb fliccnmdi; nnio Mo«i|ueltl»ir« vith 
Iban Ma«i|U«(«i Ibat being bi gr«t Duinberj, Hiid boakod nUli lome iitmdrcqit of 
Pi^nM) lb«7 qw iihlo ^ or ?1 «rnivB off 1a licvuk 4fid Hiimfnibf^ irjiiadmn* both trt 
I konemcn «nd rooiioca ; iVur it is, (hut Morujiipu btinic in tUn hnde of ibilful Moi. 
[^u«l1irrt> tre of grt»t effort for divefi pufpo«»; And tlmL kind of weapon of tbal Ipnj^th 
rvlCb rt4tc*«nil no nnforrptl. wiu fmr uni.'d in lUlir 4}iE>Te piitj' j^nruv put * ^u I baT« 
4iv*n t*n« bvani aubcicnl CAptniuci of (lie lldliaa anil Bpnuialk Notiabt vjrl and tfaat 
tt IImiI dnto tboy vere eiupbyeil for the Utieaet of pLafu forlined. u kUo out of 
trcndb«« a^imtt plaon fortiAfd b«LTif( b^^aif^^rd, wbicli wcm tbe irho aatumlJ plac«>i 
d of f rf!Al««i effect tor ibat wopoii - bflvbeii, lincc Ibat time tbirr liiif« be«a u«ed in 
mott Afuun in th« fltrld, botb on liurrrtibHckr and an footr, buc chlcdJr oa f«tc, bat 
mfW i& aai* trtit nttmb* r until Ibf Dqk« of Albn rami: to ipovprop th# l^trt Coua- 
tHc* ; «bo rr»rlir aicm«ird Ibc nuiiibcf of Ihul frttpon fof »oldic:r» on UiDir.. To Iho 
vlddl cocrcfiK of Mo»(|UetlJpn bv }co^ b«furc bad pcriwodcd ivitb tbc Emp«rraur 
I Chirtet. hoi>br>l he could never brin^ U to pane, becausA ilirre were divon great &nd 
'VsCiibl* CiipUJim, Mich u tbe IkUnjuou (if Owut, Dmi Pftrnantlo GoimtE*. Juod 
BaptiiU CulBldo* Aolonio Ddret, mod the MkrtLuiMie uf MhHudiiei, with Jivvn uthvr 
fvwcipall aifv of hii councdl of mfrr* thai did utCerbe muUkc tbo fii^rfmemi^nC of 
lb«l wnfion for tho fields %a too biirdFTiAcrnr mtd hcntii* for hoidicn ('> unr in haitAilcf 
M ffCiC •ncioijnterf ; but ti>r witbkn (ownci bcHlef^cd. or out of irtncbrH n^uiht pItoM 
fUrtiftcd, thuj dJJ |;rcBtl]' \l}tft of ihciu. Uul th« Duke *t Lhts EIuid bciu^ LLfulenaiit 
(«B«n[l ft»d itbAoli>t' (•ovpmanr in Ibc X^nwr fToiintriVft (u «fnrfvnwl), u^pinji iKe niim- 
bm of Rmiltn En nil Armif^ enotwrd, and ibat Eh« mott of llioi« Rmitm, aa alto 
th«l nw^c Capitaiaca md Offic«n of footmeti wen irmod at tbo proof« of th« Uorqae- 
buu, he to the inUnt tofruilratt IliQ rfiiiiCnnoe of tbmr anoontf , did vncTfaaiTbunani* 
ben of Mo«<)4Hticr*, ih-Q blowca of the bollf^ti uf which, no ormaun wEarohle can 
< n«i«C Anil IhiB I havr hKafd of dhrra aunii&CQt CupUinei both Italiinn and Spini. 
•rla, who tUd ratjier aUowe of tbe Opinion of tboae freit Ciptalno. tbui cf tho Duk« 
•f Albu » rmt cncr«XHintr of that iretpon. fincc whOM timo lb« Dukf of Parma, 
titar llM^ui^ of tlic C^TTifnMdBdoi and Don Jaand'Au^rla. boiu^ ippuinied b]^ tbc 

U^ «f S)»alae (oboeLicutenanl^toerall and (loTcrnoar th«r«t dcpJei^ (h< gTca(<«C part 

oflbcLovv CouAtrici TTtoltod, udloct through DoA Juan d'Austria'i compodtloD i 

• AbooiUS!>. 



moA tint be tm thcrfart to rtvytcr citln iiA«r dck. &nd tovno «ftcr tD*or. bec&aM 
thvy Wftfi lU fcirti^cic] amtv or Iciie. ud that «h?a he bad «oq Uwm, li« louMt kfrpe 
uid defebd tbeitt «ltb E^rrlnont ; for ibo vblih two tlTecU Cf «iribmg lAd drfcndlof 
of bvimp* ud plmoH f^rtififil. ibAi Lujil cf w-cAptja bviii|; Tcdie cH«lleiiK» bt PDorcaacd 
biff Mi»()urltifim 1c h fnTtc grata nnmbFT (u I htw bfArd I ihun ibr DiiIiit of Mh« 
etcf bad, liovbeit. I knon* [b«t (b« D»kc of Alba hail morv came to um Mo«i|«ct* 
Uen in Atrrioca of (he field apon dlr«n cccuicnu, tbaa aiiie of bin i^ui^cnoni 
noDn of thoio ProTincr* vrerbad. bf rfaioci of Ibe oflan knwtoai of Covate LAto« ' 
wi<rk, the Prloe* of Orange^ and otbrn i tail ibfiniforv, be bvinft (u b* ■«•) ■ grtat 
CuptftiM^ and of creat nrvrience and ftklll hi «ll ducipltne arrd scidice MUitaria, diJ 
ttM to conferre nltU hit LVrODrlUn and Mae»troa dr- Campo, viod Sar^eanta Ma^rt, of 
th* uav of all i*cap4>iii in ihcir dtt« tiiau aad pl*c«, aikd of Ibiir dieUoooi in cttrift 
port, a* vf t<irk impunant nifltteTi btloD^ng Id Ibv A/tc MiUUiit ; in hucU *1jk ao 
Iben wo nar aniB L'^pEAih*. A1ft>r*v. S«i-Kriint at band, «p Cabo de Eaqnailn. tbai did 
not knovTc |both by LmiructEon and pnctlie) Ibo pittkvlar opentioiu and «f«7ti of all 
weapon^ and chieHie oFtbe Moiqiict and HantuebuTA.*' 

I*. 19 b. " Tbo inpfirTPdiODS of th« tMn% bowc doo eonaiBt oonUe la thff broakfoc 
of Ibfl Oowf or bu"-atiiQg, for tbc wbiih iu lliora paal («bva ibcrf va* frval atooBpt . 
made of Arohefie) Ibm vn fi>c«UTI nrv had. that all tircrar or Warra !!>>»<■ balafj 
of the wocid of Yf-*irb, wtifo loDfttr than ikiw tbcj uao tbenit and to rerie weU bado4 I 
and nocked, that the;r ■'^Idom or nerer brake, fioridra thai, <fce Arcbcr* did q«« to ' 
temper vUb An a nuiTmierjl (^uanlilf of irait, roiiea,aail fine ULloirv loK^^^ttier In aar4i 
»rt ibaL nbbSes tbeir Howva with a »*riB liitle Uier»f laid opon a wullcn rloaOi, it 
did coniervF them m ill pi?rfc«tiaa ajfainit all weaithrT of hMtr. /rou, atul wi i uid 
tbc ■trlaga being madr of icria k"('<3 lirmjir, wilb ■ Uadc of wawrslvvt to resiat ynl 
and rooratare i ind the Hme itnpgea bwing bf ibf Atob«r> ihemiclTca wltb ftQo tbrwd 
wcli whipt, didnUo lerie hUodi broke ; hut if any tvcb Miiuff* U> tluA of Krrico db| 
happra to bwakt. ihe Ktldi^n AivLc-n had alvitet Ln rvadifin • coople of ■tna|[a Diorr, 
Kodie whtpl and fttied (0 tbcir Bowei. lo eUppo op in aai ktuUnC* And IfaU I baT# 
Hoard oi djvera Veum^t* thai hate Mrrrd u aoldlfn Arefaarv ta lb« tield,* 

1'. V3. *- 1 and dlnn other bcntlemtn of oat SaOon. yec Urine, Ibat fierc in 
Fraiioe in King Bdwd ibfl £&it*t tiou, and alao JlT«ra iI&m bva, h«T4 inaaiv liauca 
hrvif Frrnrli r^ptainf*! anil (iaatleiDfD nttnboto all Ibo f!artD«r V^clone* of (be Enf luk 
■gaiiift IbemaelTea and their aAOOlOra tbfl Franch, mor« to tbe cilrft of our Arcbsa* 
thaa to iBle eitrsordinarie raliancie o4 oar Nation ; and lUmrtthall fntther nfKirt aod 
mjt that thwj dy itdqh* ihat tba finnUab Arcbemi did v>a Iu pDTa«a tbrir arrofiv 
hmdm i bccauH ibal of ^ntl mambsrv of lb* Pwncb Nation Iktf wuf ttaaaa bad b«ni 
vooodad or hurt witb arrovM, veria few* bnd «*np«d vilb tbctr ln«n i hf maacu tb«i 
Ibeu wovndi did ao UDpoatnme. tbtUhef could sol bcrored- In vblth tbcir oonc«t^ 
tktj did pwUh CTTt i bacauae in inith thD*« 1m|K9l«i>iaCJona procoedcd of ftM^nip tk 
but of lb* f«rie nut of (W arrowa bta J a tWaC mnainvJ rwiokliaf vithu their wwida i 
Md thanfoiv bj tba cOBtmon Mpcriovc* of our aaaoient Enemka. iihMt w* bar* ao 
fitiM vuqdibcd) not wlie thic front, bnl «Uo tba amaU woanda of oar arrvtrei htn 



bMM ftlvniH fmfl^ to bed mortf ^nnj[rroLig adi) birJ to tH flkrvd* thao Lhe ^tt *>t fuis 
A«C DarwpODcd. Beudi-i «li whicb* it ii (o bn? iiot«d. that bonn ia tbe AeM beln^ 
■mbM. «r but lifhtlitf bun iriib urovtiii Ibcf llircrutb the itvat |uLn« ib«t nppao 
Cff«iitt netiOD Ui«j iloD fwl* in Iheir fleth, ninei, and iinewe», by Ibc Ahnklnf of Lh« 
Htvwn Bitb Ibrir bftrbed hnd* bingiim in ilirm, ilo prrwntti* Wl d jnklbf > (llnpog 
■■d IvBpingsft if Ihff ftrrv mfd. to aufhaort, ni, ba Uin BqiuclrQa pr mCro(i|Hi. tlat^do 

dkonkr ana «a otbrr, «ad nervr IfATv nDiiU tbc? bare ttuvro and c&it thtrir niDitrnr- 
Vberett MacnrivUe, borm thai «rr m ibtir *iU]l poil^v Imrt villi bullfiu, or tb«t 
fb«bOQn(iCtfa«irlfffK«a, ihouldon orbaikt bo broken, tli«r dfi praratJj fall duim ; ur 
Mkcrvuc. Allliounb Uuj be alnkcq clmtf thrauj[ti, or thfel the biillclU du bUU recaaiiLO 
In tt^Ed. cbiTf ■fTrv (bi? Ant nhriiick ar (hf ^nrrinifAf ihi> hntlrii Aiw \\%9*9 lli^^ r«rplp#, 
■■ thoDfb likry bid irne litlc ot dd hurt : and thit of lb? Imrlinjc vf fii>nifs with but* 
ktCf, b«4lk ] iDjHlfe* and all uthcn dc knaV) Ibat bave bptiu anf actions pcrfonued in 
\h« Acid* And Che otlt«r of Ehc grpac duordmag of honca wWh the LiUfU of o«r En* 
gUah afrowaa I haiv md in dirtrt hi4toi'i<<d, tud alao h«ard fcporCed bj di«Bra Uoalla- 

mwL. of our Nalion tbtt bavo ipvnf ihc pauiti/' 

to p. 35, bo pre* '■ Ambroae Carle of Warwicki £tp«rieaoo of Arcbon, penned wiUi 
bl» virmrbaiMi;*' vix- 

" Far coadraatluD vbueof Uicn be diten ut«d«nic «xuuple», wllb Tcrie hoDunbla 
laalbB<ml« vf ancb m ara yal liviDg, vtrt* kooorablo by btrlh and par#ntig«, aa alio by 
tttlf* of honor and wortbbca, of tbe wbich thai DOble OtnUrman Ambroie Earle of 
ITanricka in od«, IhtiC aciromp&iiied tfao Duko of Nortbambrrknii bJi falber (tben 
\ «f Wirnicko] « nut of crdC ralour and aufficitnf^iv for ihn goieming aod con* 
dngof all Ariuir, vho lu tba jtar lA'l^ w«a aont bj Kinf Edward tht ilal, a« bla 
UntnHHT [nVT«1] with iin Armi; of hnrtf ni«<i and fucalm^ii, In tuppi-r*** tbf> rtbf^ion 
of K«t in ^'orllolLv, «rlio U Uiai time Idj fnuDi^icd wllb a tfrrtt power of nolori^ua 
ttd kinbe nbdb by tbc Citie of Nomicb. oppoo a higt hill oallcd Mount Snrrry \ to 
Attwllfeb CiAif tbfl Dakfr nilh bit Aroaie heiruE come, be with icrrat order did fnrampo 
and lodf* biai«a1fo and hkH Armio on tbr otb<r vid^ df Iha cida und n^cr^ and the next 
-dBf Iw nliAd Ika t«wn« and braEt^ht in foura and iircritie AebJ pHcei. to the cbiafo 
I vheraol he appotaUd tbo Corenell Conrpcnick aa Alman and a jfrcai aoldier, 
^villt ha cVfJoiaDt of AlmanR. which wa» tirtrlvP hundrrdt Ibf mott of tbem bniTc abol^ 
and an old a&Idiora, vlfb dkren oibcr GneLUh baoda and valLiat Captalnrii of our ovroe 
H^mtm for ik« f ftrd of ihe tame i ba( bofoH Ihiry c«dU ihriuibli* anTrvnob tbam^aJiOi, 
flidll furiou Itcbvla. contruie to ^ eipfdaiioii, d«iMiid««l dovnr tbair liil with mob 
ifvio of ihot i>f arrovaa, b«lDf iJ Bowmen, Sward*, aud UUli. that Ihey gafctufha 
Ivnc and leaf to oar people both itrangrra and EngUih, u they verr liiiiif< lo rumie 
mrWf arfth tbv loan nf (he Onhaanof, and >lau^h<rr of n cri-Ht Htirt at i^uJdii'n, kod 
btfbro tbo Doka ^avld utka haod a^aiiuit thdm, tkiry h^d t*t<ytv^A tiglifecq 6eJd 
iMOea, Bad can-ied tbaui up lo llivir htJJ crm with ri^ne forcn of luuo- And wilbln 
Ivo or thrvt ^hiea afteri thoi« gatlajab did not lei to abide the bnttaiJe agnintl llic Duk* 
M^bto wbote Annie in ib* pUiaa fiotJ, «|iGr« tbn btllajlo waa nu cnaufulbc fau^bloa 
bMh ridvt, l^ai U vtfuld be bardlic Jtil^td b^ the beat aitldiua tbaC wir« tbcrv, wbioh 


to aiT iTpnidM wkI 

iH to onpoMadKttbartlikl 
■e fiMvdmd UMlter.dMt jt ihovU be 
tl»lSn«cn^]ip(Mtitf dKHM. B ari Jw t^ yt win aat Q>ly 
bee beniftCT»|rnl« rarvwignHut iqipMi il inployiants ouK- 
tarieiuto oar loclt awn<tf wre, ■^uae to falo«« mcb dcCnt- 
aUecovMS mar amtejatda my pnian^ to the gKUe rriQ of 
tlMllalne,tetilwmByinttnMto ooaae, nppoD wm implaie- 
■cntci, o cc Mion Mmc of oar C«ptatiu of tlmn Shim hm M 


home, to rnistAke and followi: the liko : ui your Lurd)ihi|] 1 tLinke 
fiotU YcHc wcU kuowc itiut llier were ftomc fcivc Cajiluiiia uf Mome 
&hi«ra of Kni;Und, lliat i1l<] a Uttlc Ijvgin to uniUttc Uiciu in clc- 
^udingc Uicir Mjlilior^ of jiartc of their pay, nt such lime a* tbo 
C&in|>e traa ?it Tilburlc, which v/vlh parlht an uccibzoa (hm I have 
he»rd) thftt thcr ithould ]iii>«; hciK- n ^tiitule iiiude thts Ivil jmrle- 
mcnt, for the preventitkge of *uuh diaonlvm iii Cnptuins ucrc at 
boine. Howbrcyi yt may bcc thnt your Lord?!hip will say, tbat I 
hare Ikcti to lavUlic in haudlbge the |>arLicu1arjlit^ at ihu abuncs 
of our such uieu of warr, aitd Utat the raihcj', bt;cau«t; I do iMit 
write tlic name of inttic ounu ccrtcii knowlcd^^i'f as a eye wittncsa! 
uhcrunto (vrith all ductlfull respect unto your Lordship only to 
mamUuiie Lrelh) I du aii»wt*r^ ihut I have aett duwuu iiothinj^e of 
tiicm Dctlicr ill my procfuc nor Di^tcouracK^ that i» ni>t true, by 
the tcstimonic of a great sort of gcnUeincn as well borne as tha 
hesit of them, ami fur exccUitigc ihcni hi all wowrthincii of iniiide; 
and in the rest matters Tcric vrcU knovreii all over Engbuid, And 
in all other matterit that or ccntcined in my DiscourBCft. concem- 
ingc tbcir triaukin^ of ueftpon* out of their due limcH and 
places^ with manic other particularitiea, of tlic which I myselfc 
have bath heard their opiiilona, atid aeae parte cf llieir doin^es 
here «t home, 1 thiake 1 have aliened reasons and exam|}les 
inowc to pcnwadc anic men of consideracion and judgement, ti> 
MG hour grosly they have erre<1. Furthermore I do ihlnlic that I 
coulde alleai^ iav;ie other sufficient causes and reasoTia, whcn> 
foTV my bookc ahouldc not be revoked, but rather allowed* 
Howbee yt 1 will from hcncefoorth lay aside all jK-rswrniions and 
reoaonn to induce and penwade anie audi matter: for I do now 
eridently tee that with how gjjod nn hiteiicloii auever I have (to 
cltv utmost of my power) doen ether this, or anie other matter 
before time to the honor and service of her Majestte and my 
Coantne, yt hath bene verie little or nothings? regarded, and ther- 
fore labor loit, Ikeaides that 1 hare foundu by to long e\|>e* 
rience (even since her MaJi^Atio called me from beyond the scak}. 
Camp* soc. i 


l^ftT-rElta or UMISKVT ItITKKART hkn. 

that I Hnve bene so Utile ai^?uTn|>t^d i>f thnt (except yt were oneft 
intt> Spainir) 1 wsa never imploycd in itiiic service of her*, nctlicr 
ftt home nor ahroade, but onlie in the inua^tring^r and tnyninge of 
the regiment of tliin SliJcr of Rmcx, in tli^ yenrr l5Ki*, wLich by 
the mftlicioim and fftl»e reporls of Lcyceeter thnt is dpa<lr, wanaU 
tamed to my diftirracc. And now nincc iw death [t meani; th« lut 
sommDr) I vas Fere in the Shier (In my disgrace) put out of tlio 
commission of Stibaidie, and in the rest, ever since I catuc to kepd 
hovse herc^ 1 have bene m-^de inferior in all affaires of tlie Shier 
to divers that or but of the same callingc that I Am, &nd tliat wertt 
but hoyes, uid went to soholc, when I had sp«ntftom9 time in the 
serviop of some prince*!. And as for arie advancement to otHce« 
or anie tiiinge e\\% that should nnic waiox inoredsc my reputation, 
and hnhditic to live, I may justly sny thnt I never hftfl nnie : 
aliIiou|;)i [I moat humbly thnnke your Lurdaliip) you have brought 
eerten sutes to pas<e for roc at her Majestic^ hnndn, v-hicli if they 
Had oome unto me in time, (I mcano beefure 1 had brought my- 
self so far behind hande ta folluwingo the Courtc both iu (Uvem 
^rogn%Mvn, and aUo manie other times,) they would have docn me 
verie f^reat good t but a& 1 obtained thum by the loikg<! aut« of 
dtvern ycares, so when I had them, they did nnt disirhni^e the 
debts that I was growcn into bctfor 1 obtained them, whereby yt 
hath come to pa&te^ that 1 have at tltis present above <mo, hun- 
dred poiindsi Inndc by the vearc Icsse then I had when her Ma- 
jeatie called mo from bceyond the scsuj becsides that I ooi at 
thi« present aechinge by all the meanea that 1 can to sell & great 
dcale more of my patrimonii partly to pay her Majeatie and other 
my debts. All which cotiiiitlered, I do thinks that I have sp^nt 
these sixteno yearcs and moro> ftiiice I was oallod over^ so ill, as I 
never Apent ho manic ycores in my life: fori do account Uiat, heo^j 
sides the iiicrcaac of dchtA, I have grovi^n elder by ao manie^ 
yearcs without Icanungc of nun} experience either in mattere of 
warr or peace, savinge ofdy duringc ten montWa that I was iui- 
ployed in goinge, tArriengc> and comruingc out of SpnJne : all 
irkieh <seeinj;e that yt is now to late to coll back agtilne 


y^^nlny) I Ictt pa'rsPj and Ho wish thai I niit;ht spend the rest 
of the time that yt shall please God to give mc to lyv^, better 
then 1 have spent m^ Tors^d latter veara past. Uut now ngaine 
to rettime to the stijipn^KT^um of my Bookc, hy the which both I 
and nianic othtTs may evidently gather, hew little the greut love and 
ECflle that I have expressed unto my prin<Te, cniintrie^ and nacion 
in eoiiip(>!(ingc therof, ii^ re-ganM. All men may see that S' 
Ro^r WiltUms in a little booke that tic ^imposed of hitr,* doth in 
the beginnmge therof in terribk sortc touche some Chccfminv of 
oor »iich men of wnrr (m T call the.fn) that had served in the Lowe 
Cotintries and the Mime he liatli ho plainly !<jctt downe, and with 
»a<-h eignes and tokenx, th;it in tlie opinion of di\Trs gcntlcnir^n 
that have aervrd in thme pnrtH, he doth as yt were evidently nhcwc 
wlvom hi"- meaneth, he^nidex that in Uie later endin^^e of his Dis- 
ooursCt be doth in nume sorte toachis and diKahlc tliti ;>pinions of 
the olde men of varre, or aoldiora yet living cf our nacion. All 
whioh nntwitbfttandinge, hw hooka hath bene Vfirte welt allowed 
of and never called in question for Anie suppresMOn- Monsieur 
de la Voiie aUo in his Politique and M ihUrle Discourses ^ doth in 
divffra partA of the Mme greatly blame tJie di<(cjrderly proc^eediiigs 

■ ^' A bHi^ff ctincoane of WarrV' ^VriTUr n hy Sir Hogcr VUlitios, Lntglit ; wlrh hu 
Optnioti cwaceniiiki »oin« part» nf (ba MirtloLl DIbcLpUdPh" -lla. Lond. U!Hi. Two 
I of a *m publJAliftl in ih<> tnmv y**r. 

Aaothtrivork tDUnE bo mrnlimiBd hrtr* a tbo CirJtf [»Krr ot\M " \ iifeete DU- 
(owte.** Jh< dcituiitcU to llrnry Carey bftroii ot Uuntdon. then Lord CliHmbarbiii , 
"by Uumrrcy Banvicl, i:«tittuiD*a, Bouldior, cipLam^ ct rni»ir plo* UlUe." Tlic 
aMd-pvi^rdfib of (he drvl ^H^r liowvirr, otlUUio book *' CrrUinfl l>lAGounn wriUta 
^ tlwnfff Ranrlcif, Omilemui. frith bU «plnfAii rAnivmiiig th* iftMrKU IHn^nnrw*, 
vriacQ by 5- Jobn Smilb tud S' li>£cr WILIiaiuAT kuij^hEvs, aad of thrir coDlnrl^ 
OpiDioni, UmcUug Miuk^U aiiJ oibrr Acric «cAfi(riu. loJ iba loni-l>i>wr l irilh diuvn 
Otittr poiote* «f V4r b; wmo oEbcn Bf^rc-time misUKcD." 4lu. l^nd-in, vithouC 
dtU I butpbbLahfdln USI. 

A SR«t 4mI df rnriouB infcinnition mav h* Elwiefl fnin llw mil((4py TrjcU ot tlia 
tiBc of QiiMn E(u«})rih : Iboufb moit of ih« *ntfn» u profcnlonat oit^n, earned 
tkniMlrri. li\t 8ir iohn Smitb, irith '■ b Spfcubli pDtt,'^ 

* *' Ditcnun Putilirjurit f-i MlYiUXttt dn Z^rijcii curdle \% Nof^e: QouutUcmcTiC rccu«Uli4 
^ ft Hi* to liimicrc/' J^t^ »«tU, 1&R7. Tbf; ircr« <(UuUl«U talu Ci^lUk bj E. A« 



oftlie Captains of hb nacton, in the lowc Countrie warrs. in the 
wlikli he doth sell dowiie the exce»!*ive covetouinea oxcrdeedf 
not onlyii^insit their owii« »ouldior» tlic French, hut al%o n^ainat 
ihc people of the cotuitnu thuir friends, with many other iheLr im- 
pcrfectioTis imd disorders. And in the Civill Warra o( France, he 
doth not only make manifcHt the ftubvershni of aill discipline iiuli- 
luric with infinite nomhers of di!»i>n3ers, and lack of pictic com- 
mitted both on th'onc »idc> and of the oth^r, but alao doth in tcni- 
hle sortc blame, And diaahle ahnoirt the whole nobilitie of France 
iff this tiniCj iinputmsce unt<; llit^m marnc imi>crfc4-lion». Which 
booke is notvithstanditi^-c both in France and England grcatJy 
allowed of. AVhrriL« contruncwii^e, I beein;e:e a» much an En^Usb- 
tnan as Monsieur de !a Noile a Frenchman, and in all \(»\e and 
nfTection to my priiLoe^ countricj and nacion no wayc« infcriour to 
anie man hvingc of the English nacion, without exception of pcr^ 
aons, yt sccmcth unto me veiic strange, that my hltlc Bi)oke, which 
I )iare dedicated to the nobilitie of tlie realinc with lo good an 
an intencion, doings honor in the same hoth to htr Majestie, to 
her Counaell, and noliilitie, and al.*o (u all her subjects* (save only 
to a fewc private racii, whom not only 1, but almost the whole 
Realmedolh greatly hkinc for their detestable disordrrs, and cru- 
citifs,) (hall be put to silence and aholishcJ, -^Ul which conai- 
dcrcd. I have i-reat cause lo doubt and ft^arCi lliat the o>iK!einniogc 
thcrof doth procede* rather uppon sonic great minhkingc hud of 
me, heeing the autour of the hooke, then of the bookc yt self ; for 
1 do not knowc by wlnit reason yt ahuuld come to paste, that a 
fcwc of our such of warre, bceingc so notoriously knowen (ua 
aforesaid) to most of the noblemen and gentlemen in tins RcahoCi 
should rarric so much credit, to prnnm*- in their owne beebolfeag 
and to brin^e to pan^e the extinguisEiingc cJ a little booke, that 
doth rcproachc none but sudi, as throu-h their guildc consoiencea 
irill rtecdcs (afrainst ray will) diswjver themselrea, and in the Teat 
doth tend to tlic honor> prohtt, and suretie of tlie Realnie, botli 
for warre offensive, and defen^iive. 
Moreover, because 1 have bene uo vrayea iinployed in so mania 

RhAKY 3lR?f. 


y«ftpr«nctHcT in matters of wurr, nor pence, and ihat I have no 
ekill Dor desire to foktuwc huntings, and havvkingG, but do live 
nlmcMit eontimiaUy retired in my 1tow««, (exoi^pt sorartimes when 
1 goc to thv. Courts) I, (for Uwk of itome other thin^« to do) have 
geveii myself to oom|>u«e iowcr or fivr. httlc 1)OoIce>, all treating 
naore or le**e of mntt<:r» of armcs; itnd that 1 have docn with 
int«nt, that in time to come the same mi^ht aomewayea profitt 
the Crownc and Kealme r of die wHch thcr m one, that I have not 
y«t fully tinUh«d, and now novcr mc«ie to do, vhidi (yf this my 
foraaid booke had had good sucoease) I thought in a fuire written 
Wnde to hftv© dedicated and prc^scntcd unto her Mnjf'iitit? which 
with »ome comrotic^nii and ndditionv added thereunto by yoar 
Lordship (vhove favorable holpo tberin I thought beefor ttio pr«- 
aentingo therof humbly to have craved] ini^^ht \n mine opinion 
li&vo ariuled tlie Queen more, for the cuttingc of, of all daungcroua 
accidents of forrcigne and intestine warrs, than a million of 
duckett4 uppon Niich aecideula would atande her Jn stede. Uov^ 
keitj the ^uppreasion and evill miccc^sc of this first booltc, aett 
fborth by me, i^aII now teache ine to eeuHse my Dare nnd travaile 1 
in vritin^c aiiie more auch mtaliked mattora t and in stetle of dodi- jl 
atinge and prescntinge, to eomitt them to the iicr, greatly rcpcnt- 
ingo Enyaelf that 1 have spent niy time with ao great care and tra- 
gic 10 those Tuatlera, ao fondly. Yet beoauae your Lordship ahall 
ace port of the effect of that wliich I thought to have eraved your 
heipe in, before 1 had proacntcd tho same, I have sent unto your 
Lordalup here endowed tlic heade of the matter, and as for tho 
ho^e and auhHtance^ yt ahall goe onotlter way. 

And nowe revertinge ogaine to a part of mine olde aute, mine 
Itumble requeat unto your Lordship is, that it may please yow 
[accordinge to your acountomcd favour alwayea shewed unto me) 
to bee a me^ne unto her Mojr-stie in caao that 1 can not sell my 
lands for to par heri that yt may please her to take a part of tny 
pntrimonie fiir th<? debla that i do owe unto her Maj<^stie< And 
tbcrin your Lords^hip shall do me a vcnc greatc farcr. iVnd Uius 
bftiingc written after this tedious and plainc sort to your Lord-> 



*liip fa lliingc w> eontmric to my ctiMonic to Jo, to tnic grcRte 
Magistrates of our n&ciun, but only to your Lordship, whose rwre 
visclome, and judgement, voide of all disordered pasnon, I do 
kno«-p far to excvclc and excell all others of our lime), I huinblie 
hcesechc your Lordship to pardon the tcdiousiic^ and rudcncs of 
(he same ; and so with all humUitic takiogc my Icave^ I wish unto 
your Lordship hiTige life, and healtbr with increase uf honor. 
From Badcwethis 2fJtli of May 1590. 

Your Lordshipps ino&t bounde, and readtc 
alwayes to doe yow all honor and service, 

Jo. SMYTHlt, 

To the right Honorable the Lordc 
Burlcig^li, Knight of the most noble 
order of the Giirt<rf and Lord high 
treaaorer of England, my 
vcrie good Lord. 


Sir John Smpthe's Letter to Her Mqjesttf. 

[L«n*ao^rnc MS- 61, art- 53. Oriff,} 

Mast cxcdlcnt Royall Ma<^*^, 
I tliuuffht that (nccQidingc to the Othe and Duetie uf allcgeiLnce 
of all scrvftunts and subjects uiit<> Uieir Kings) yt bad bene Inwe- 
full for mt", witli great conmienducions, and akogcather without 
anie blauie, to have preferred ihe perforniaiioe of my duetie unto 
yuur Majcnti^ and Realiue becfore the cJTc^iulinge nf a fewc privet 
disordered iiieiL^ great ofTtTiiders against your Majestic and Ucabiie: 
and therfore did of lale compose and sett fooitlt a Duoke, dedi- 
catiugr tlic same to your nobilitic, as to your cyca, cars^ and 
voice, for tJic rcdrcsse of all disorders, in your Kingdomc. llovr- 
hecyt 1 doc nt>w iinde, by the great nicanea and favor that such 
offenders (now discovcringe thcmscWes) have made and foundc, 

LBrrens op 


have pre^'uiUd %o mucli, that, iiv iit«(Ic oi com men dado n 

th&t I ex|>«<?tcd fur the performance of my <luotk ftt your Maj^tica 

hand*, my finid booke is not ortly to my great reprocheand shame 

j^ AUpprea««d, but nlvo that tJiey ar »o cnoom^^fd tlierby tlmt thc^y 

^[ doc d«vitt4? in6nit« nomb^ra of uiitrotlio«, not 80 much to the 

mg excusing of them8«lve«r as to tbe dlb^rucin^e of me. But beuLu^e 

H I doubt uot but that by all the frcnds they haxn bene ublo to 

\ make they have alle4i;;cd ua mucli fla they can po««ibly to your 

\ Majestie and to your CuuiiacU in cxcuso of themselves, and to the 

^feV diaaUiii^ of mo und my bookc, I doc now offer unto your M^jcstiQ 

^M to juKtc^c iK^ofor ^anio of your Counaiill_ tb** yt ybnil pjyfmn yow 

^r t o appoin t, tliat tirU in compotiingc tUenjf I have performed but 

CP tbe dueUe, and otiie of tidoUtic^ of a faithfuLl scr^^aunt anj subject} 

I which {n% 1 oncu heard defined and concluded in the Emperor 
Ihiaximilians campu m Honguric by dyvera iiot^bU ond groat 
Csptuna^ doth eomtiat in these fcwc Spanish woordsi ^'All^gur el 
hicn, y npartar el mal;*' which doth aif^nefic (as your MnjcatJC 
knovcth vcric well,] to drawc to IVincc* und tbcir Kirigcdomt all 
good, and to avoyd from tlicin ull cvilK Secondly* that in the 
^contents thereof I liavc docii honor to your Majestic and your 

Kprogenitan, and &b>o to your nobilittc and eounvclh TJiirdly, 
thaC 1 have sett downc no matters politique nor mitttoric, auncicnt 
nor modcme, but Uiat ar allowable becfore alt the checfc men of 
waiTO of Chridtcndomri, and rcrie nece.ssaric to bee ohsiurvcd and 
estiLbliAhcd iij your Kingcdomc. And fowrtbly 1 doo offer to 
T ' yoruT Majcstie to miuiitatne and prove by f[reat and auffidcnt tcoti* 
moriie> all the evilU that 1 h&vr in my Prviinie &ud Piacouraes 
charged >uch disordered meit of warrc withnll, to l>vc true. And 
fvftlier, because the suppression of luy Booke (to the contcniaoio» 
^H but of a fewe auch di.Hordered men of warre^] ia and will be a 
^V matter of so great c^'iU exan^plc and cncoia^emcrit both tu them 
and others their imitators that shall hereafter take charge, that 
tliervf (upjjoi) siiic lin£}luymcnt mtlilar^r) is verie likely to ensue 
ncwe destroyinge and costingc away of great nombeis of your 


LrrrsRs or bmixvxt LtrsftAftv k«^. 

hrmr^ nibjects to tb« ' 

*ttAlBi«: mM wimi 

nibjeccs to tb« »<itiniiy of yovr IUmlB« ; mm «Iio a iie«« 
cooromplioa of yoiir tr«ft«itr^, tunwd fron tW latMkdcul Mjvke of 
your Mftjrstie to tlw pnr&t trm^ui^ cf ft fievft voth eorettm 
fMMnmAandcn uxl oficcn; I do prr«f«t ihi* mj better In taut 
Maj«<tie. wnhiDg« (m^nini^ to nr do«t>e) « tgnmtn (kslr more 
for th« hoxkor, pro6tt, uid mcftie of ywr Majestic ftfid R«aloii^ 
tk«D for fta>e pnTmt malicv of ttty ptatt home to tltem, or mie 
coamodide tli&t shaD ttKlovfid to myibelf (oftor* A«& that thrre 
nmy brc sotne sAtisfftction made to mr jood bas^ by them 
injarad,) thftt my fbnvd BooW but m^mc be« Mt >t Kwrtu!, to 
the LCTTor both of thea miMl all oMmt mb u oTote— tad eni«U 
■luiiocQ turtimll conuDonadn, nom tnc iiuilAtm^^ ittn rauMnit^ 
of ftll <udi movt d«tMt»bk and coreed courses: l«Bst that hj- 
your Msjestktt b«annff« amJ MppMtsa^ vtth tbe woondwiiill 
diAordcEnt and ftlnncs p^st <tf sndi UDcn of wwre, lh«r nftr Qppon 
djnrers Riccidcots ensue <ncli mnd >o great criUs unto your Maje*tie 

faftrdiy bcc remedied, u 1 am able with nnnie nMoat Vfrit puti- 
coUrly to fthewe. 

Of lay gneate and «xlnordiQArie tJ< Bti t tomrds your MitjestU 
And your Reatme (withuut Hnie one tittle to tlte eootfKjie}, 1 thinke 
yovr hare had sufficient triall ; first when that I, b«eing« pryratly 
many }-eArr*i beeyond the Mu^dM BK>re then onee, in the presence 
of dyver* ^at pertciiia|^, WEmrer for the honor of your Uajcetit 
and your Realnir, with no lene then the hazard of my life. Se- 
condly, when your Majcstie imployed me in your t e ni ee into 
Spaifie, about tHrteene or fowerte ea c yearex put, wher [as I hni 
mad^ good and aufllident aoeonBtr) 1 lierred vow with do sma 
6det!tie. And Imidly in wttinge fourth chu booke uippres-^, 
vhteh (vitfa Ute heljH* nf Alm^hti^* (lod) I am able to prove to 
bee a duetifall, a &iUifuQ, and a nedefuU peee of Ferritv, aa tUit 
time requtreth ; and KOch a one an fewe dnrst performe but anyaelf. 
And nowe hoping that your M&jrstio will ao ftcoept and account 
of me and ray &ilh£uU serrice, I «hxh unto your Majeitie mania 


And mftnic jcftres to Live and rAigiie m great ])roif|icriiK*, with 
^victoHe over your enemies* Frcm Dadcwc the tliirdc of June 

Your Majes^en mval humble »(;rT«unt. 
3 Junij 15M. 

Christopher Octand to Lord Durgftfry^ partly in EnffU'fi aud pitrlly 
in L<xtif*y to dUsmuic tht procced^n^ with an Ejrpeditioit to Seat 
in 1587- 

[I'Aitd. ftlS. Num. 09. art, 13. OHff.'} 
V RaU hUuiIoi to OcloDd la bU S«tLrvi. B. IT. iiit. 3, 

Or cttc old Oc^DnJ'i ^cnt. how thvj did vield 
Tbfl wart in Tunfrin ut in Ticnv^ flqiili 

'OcUivdf tn ibf ttilo of a Wc*flc wblcli will pr«tnllf Ik ntotic tiAlj 
khtnifrlf 4« h«vinp bcim orlgb^tly Mailer of Ihc Sohool in Soulb- 
k, and «tfttrirud« (if CbvU^nhun School^ both foandnl b; Qu«fa Eluubftb. Uuc 
l&cra were two GrunniiLr Sr:Li>E>tA tii NouChwvrk fouodvil hj Lliit Qurt^n ; Si- SavIout** 
li tS6f, tnd St, OlDTc*) Soboo] In 1571. Each vould, wllb ci^nal propnvty, in 
CklM<l'« «vrd*t 1« called " ^tWU SuutbitarkLvpnEi." The V«(llf> MI»u1c- of Si- 
(!!■■«'■ |i»n<b , huHflvrr. urtlltr tbrt |f(iint- ll apppnn fr^m thtrni thnt flclund will »r- 

lilnljr flerted lo thck Hul«r«btp, but it ti uolio clcuthAl he Ai^eukllj «utcrcd on tho 

" ParUhof M. Ubic, HouUtvark. 
" At « V<sUj holdcD fill J*uuflry 1^11. 

'• At thii Vftijy tmmp Chrintofrr Oclandc with one J^tln ffnm Ibr r*Tt-rfnl father 
In God tbf I^Oid BfMbf^ of liTinchcHtcr, &nd an oCbrr tx^tlrt (rtJin <bo voniblpful Mr. 
flctvMd Recorder of LonJon, commciidtng bi ibcue Lcttrri unto ui the loid ChrMEO- 
AtrOcbOil to be Oinr StboJcm'. whrrunia tbn bote Vnirjr (ate tbdr roia«iiCi!. «nd 
tgnmA ttlih <^ sajd 0«Urkd fat *«(»* tu. that bv thoufd hiva tmnt^ mnrka b; ibo 
fv«i md to tetcbc to nuiy gruduyriu M we Ihiak Hhsll be found (D«i-t for tho iiamtf, 
ttx. X. «r lU. bC thf fynt« i ami alio be to belpo tht bUMher to tcacbe tLc pci^ tei, 
K]iDg ve muate krap mdi an huinhor «» v> kbrll to t«sGbe wrjtuie, who cumol do 
bOlbp kfcnulfii wiihomtbc MoEer dv hrl|ir Iv Incbo ilie prtjrio, 

" Fvtbar jrl wft> 4|^<d t^Jit yt R]rc* Mnrloi* vhich jr* nuw HcboicmjialDT will nul tivy 

bert ubusbft Kud t«acbc wry^liujci: 4nd bdpe to Uacbe the pciytci, Uico the sajrd 



OfIbacI la 1iBT« the licilc «■(«. iikI lo ffod bit kauhrv lum wAfe «Bd M iMohe 
pwn«r, vT^tingf, and pfCytri Hf^oriiiaf; to the vrtotloD of our t9jA Scbok. 

" AU& Tt irat HKml. for Ihkl twruti'? moikt WM nni cuffldcntc Ip^O| rorthetajd 
OolACdi ih&l IbrrForv be ihould hATc Imc to Uic tj or vilj' *cboUfr* for bl> owfiV prt* 
fcm^t I kUd bv "H w^ltoJ bj^ u« Co rrptji-Q <« Mr- DDDt«r RuBho oar p«<*ou for the 
obCajralnc^ ontfi fOod v]rn herein. Aiid »o be did. uid come to II* »K*y^ tlie ij 
dtjoTJADuoryc, «ad brcugbt M' p»rvja« LcUre»> be sivinfEe ilso hii coueul t*>ouro 
dojbp I but IbcBiidChriiltifDrOuUtid, for tbat ho cocblv not ntcr pmmtLjc.brand 
bjc he vayil ilml wu duC fur bj> |)urpti>c> iir «oldc Oflt vrrvr hli ivme, vberMLuiQ fae 
«■«■ uiBwerDiJ by iLeui b«yBi; preKoIc iLal jf be "ould not tvy* unlrl o«r L^jr daj* 
be thould cDEer it the liitfe qiurtrr vbich vii not full tiij da^n to coid«. Hff rffuinl 
oar oflVr ftnd wf itt bt« wiy, bflinijr aiiKric, »nJ fe«t Ibp nuUrr %hrr. TUrt bninf prt- 
KDl ; W- Hond, Tbo' liatH, M' Willion, Oljfe Durr. Tho' Ballmar. ThQCnfti llu|i. 
JgTja ChApuiDD. TbomAfl Pjndm, Httb, tptfarr inorr.'* 

Tbii h nM Ibe noiice of Chriflopb»r OHnnfl. ^n-nrdfn^ ta unnthv Minat*, John 
riyae fu elcc(<d Scbooluuptcr <tf St. OUie'i Scbool ijth Jaiiuftrj 1£TI ; and wu 
■pjiointvd to rat^mpoQ huoffiw at lh< L*dj'D«f followiDg. 

OdftiidU priut«i] ^^'orU «rc, 

I* " Aoclorum PrwlUr ab uni» Domlttt. 13:27- voQunUsfThv piimo inL-lytiMLiO) 
Prtni^pls Rduftnli film Domini* t#<rtij. b«<|iii» ad ■nniiim n^jmini .lUH, ruFiiiinfi turn* 
ODalim perftrlcU Item: De paeatlHi»a AogUtf aUliL Lm^wrtale Etiubctbi compoiL- 
dJoM Narratid, Autbor« CkrittoplMrQ Oclaadoi primi) Si^bolv SoutbiirlLitfiiii* prupe 
Loat^um* ddii CbdUnnaoortiU, qua titat u ttrtti.iu,ima lua MaJi!BtAt<< fiindotM, 
Modcn|por«* Ifae duo PoOniaU, tim ah trj^ummtt |rii«ii*tr.n]. i\uXa\ Cftrminia facUi- 
Uiud, NetdUHrinl Ucfiic Mnicitat^t ConnLliarij in ornnibuB biiiu4 ivfni KcfcallA prvlr- 
gmdt pverii pnHcripHnini, Loalinu npud lUduIpham Nnbcric, ct MaifsttioDO 
Ktrnrici Bjnncints l^TiDsrfpbl. Ajmio Dooiiol -USf. Com privUr^ B«fi» Valet* 
UtU," 4to. 

Oa tlu eMondlnTii 

" A Cepla of tbe L«eten directed bjr blr MajfaUn Ttish Coimninionen in siuc« 
EDdtHiaaMoalli lo ail (bo Dyiboppea lbora«out hit ll^bauae duiaittloiiii of EnjElando 
attd Wain, hf rippcinll ord«T frool ibe l^rdi of Die pri«le Couiti^cl, for tbt puTtHVn 
rvading and teochiDg of thin Boke Id ail Grsinm«r ami PrT« icbdca vitbiu tbdr Dio- 

" Ams onr beartle eomcDendailoiu, ace. Vhrrpaawcc of Mr Maltadea Hi(h Com* 
BlviOD Ecelnivliwl, Lure rrcelnd Lttlcn from the Lordei of bb lli^nevse moalc 
bonoarableprtTii CsunHdl.TujkTitc aboDid dirccte order <0 Alt (be ByiKopi of tha 
EcalvOi to TADie to bee rcotyird aiid publiqurl; md uid taught In lU Grunmer ud 
frt* SrhoTct vtibin tbelr acTrfbll Dtocuei « Baaku In Liiltn v«rw of lal« lupriDtad, 
enlildird /intftomm pr^U^ atctv forth bj one Clinilophcr Ockkiide, ai bf the tno 
Cepie el tLtir UoDOort htUon, vbiiih vr« tcodc jou ben iAeluacJ. II aoaj appeue 

unto J9^ TKUk tra thctdbti to rt^oirv joo. accordini to Ibair ilgnoun pl«a«iu«i 




iJgnlllcJ to D> Ed thtt bvlalL: foriUwIth v^rm mnclpt hADrof ta tnk« fmrnl ori\er 
vUUd jovt Dioai for the due itccomplijIuiinDl of Lbfir fayi]« LHitjra iccordiiiEly* 
Xmp W9 vef knddo juu hmtilj rNrnrf U. FroEn LodcIod [lie KaT«Dth of Maj, lfi99. 

JOH^ L<»ffPDH, 

Bah. Clkksm. 

Tuo> Fastbiuw." 

Bvrtet, in Ui •Jttloa of Aao, toI tl- p- DtO, hu ^vcm Ihc Lonb of 4lifl CounftQ's 
LctlOT fo tilt Ci>mnu*ionGrM> It »c«mi to impl; the cxiitonoc ot tn eitltkm o( Ihts 
WOli «lich vt hittt noL ftcirn ; ulikai UlO Tit]«<l>ag« unijr vu chuipid, BQil the Com- 
■im'nnir)' LvHcr iddcd to tlic Imprenioo, 

'^AfUr oar rlfht h^rtid comoDeTidiitioiift. Wborc-u Ihrrf^ liiCH hrpafi of Ialc n booko 
VrttLca la Lftttue ytn« bj j>tu; Clif- OchUnde, cntlcukd AngloruJii PrvlM, aboiitn UtXt 
t jTW idthcfltee unprluti^rl &uJ pibUihed, «iih1 q47wc o^iiLnq lately impfUr^d 4uJ pub- 
bfcel, «nd Dovt •«alnc latelj rqmnlcd «ith th« additioo of « abort Tn-ntin? or App«n- 
£l «06<«nnc the p«ue4bl« gaTCminCDt of Ihc Quocaei Mtjotic : Konumin^ltfT nt bia 
IrtTiil* llMTVint inth <lj<r c)uidilir of lh(! vcnc, hntb rcdeivtd good commendiLlioti, miil 
thai the nUiject or mAner of thr vid l5ookv li ■uoh u ii wurtli^ to be read (if all mf □, 
*aj fvpvcUny la CAmnon S<ihi>cltt, wbsn dtv*n IfrtuCZiCti Pitflu w ordinnrily rend 
md t«ii^t. from Ibo wltich Ihp youth of Iho rflnlnic diiUi rulhpr rccm^? iufiH^tLOiJ in 
■Uttin Ckan ^-rvDc^owst hi virtue : in plaice of *om« of which |h>«I« •rr^ tliinlp tliit 
Bookc fit to be read and tnghl io the Grninaier Schoolci : We hnvr Iliitrrf^rr thinght 
food* 'or tk« «ao>Mr«giof( of tbr in&d ncklmid, Hnd nthfiri tbiti arc (car iifd, nj bMto^o 
Ihftr Inrtll sad ttodUt 1o •□ fnail piir|mu<ii, ■« alu fnr thii brnvfit nf tbt Jnut^, Hud 
tW TVinoviflc o' >^'<^'> UmItIoui poetfl M arc nommonlr rEtd und taaiEht tn the uiilr 
GraaiMtr S«boolei (tbr mfltler of ihyt Book being brroi^all and of gooil liwlructloo) 
•o frajr ui roqaire joa ufHin the li^bl hereof, ai by our ipccJali^ order, to n-ritc yoor 
t(*Um ostD bU (he niiiUv|it ib^ouibuuC thi» rvidmc, Taquii-inif thrnji tv^ivr uumuiHndii- 
nvtil, tkMt la tit rlid Grmrnmrr nod Frw flfrbntfri within thi'r anttimt) Dioi'rMtk. lliir 
l^bOekOA*^ Aailorunx iirdjji. lad pfoceable tfouemernent of hir MojciIiL'. ma^ bp 
Ib place of «MM of th« hedlhca Porta rroryvrd ^nd publirjudy nod mid rn»eht Uj I ho 
Sdicinnai«ltn iial^r thrir ^choLen* In touio one of tho fouraiu In thtit uhoolc nitut 
br ihal auflcr, Wht^ttnf jiiq^inf jou Ibtre mnj bo no dcftultFi *!> «■ thU aur iliric 
lloft majv take p!ifl.-t bvardinglf . Wo biddr yon Knrtilr farpwtll j Prom IharoDrt* ■! 
Q iMPtfw kh , tht :fl«IAprillt I^tl& YowlotinsfrJoadB 

EDW. L|}lCOt.N. R<i|l. LltrHttTlEll. 


Ja* Caorr. Cna, Uattdn. 

A WMlIrr «ilkkaD of t^o ^OflonitD Prvlhi va iniatad hi die snaio foar nitb tho 



Quarto, to irbi^h ?ii» idilod A1r»ridnr Ncvir* bitb pof m on Keit'a irbfllion, " H& 

Alnnmlri Ncoilli Kc'tliim:' tlim proplei argumcpli limililudiruMn, ItJni pO].(cr Or«- 

Alt. Tljomos GiTuviMa'i Libnrf |K)pmmm » TrtHiilflticiii of lH( mbooA Pirt ef Ibe 
" Anelomm Pnrlia." the EIPHNAPXIA, Vh rncalitKlnio »Utu, fiiC, **doiieisEi> 
KAitLitU h J John JiliArrock- Loodon, by lUbert WokldgnTo. 15^.** -lEo. bL L A 
book onrJjr, If not quite unique. 

tf. *' diiobifibclt* iiivs d« pHUHliuiRtu AngliA statu, nub fpticlaaimo AaguHntmiB 
Rfiffinir Klitubrlm trnpi-rin, l.ilwr Hpi^mlim. Fn <iiia prsifr rictcra. lliiiiunicr clasris 
pn>!tlffa1io» Pd[iUci»rmtiitDC motULonum ct cODflilionim hoftilium mini S^ubrvrvio baoA 
Adc nplimniur. Chr. Oi:taiido auCliort. iVou, ?1h^0. Nun ral coaikhom AillcmiS 
DonLuonk. LdcJJal, ex c^fflcloji Clia]oi>^TU|ihl04 Tbomc OivrlnK 1^83/' 4t0» 

lliert ia one of good calling and couTtteiiaunce in Courtc 
which is an IjoIow flrcnd to your Lordsbiji, IIow and hy vhut 
mcancs I come to the knowiedge of Ihi^ 1 am to shew your 
honor whan your kasurc sliah serve to caU for vac to come into 
yoMT pro*cnce. 

Thi: old sayiiig liatli been, on» vamcd holf armed^ 

quod aic verti potest 
Premonitufl pruilen-t, iirnia pnrattt gerit. 

Tliere I>c diverse aboutc the Citie, both wisp and of preate eipe- 
ricncc, tl»nt apeokc Aguiuat M^ Catidishcs nncl iU Cvc his st-a 
voiage pretended and now redy to sett furlh witli the like. For 
ihei hyre, take, and chcyse the best marytiers for kjiowledgo, and 
those tliat be both strong and hardy. De JttJirnctitts virn'irum rof- 
ligatu* It is most ecrtain tltat united forces ether in assailing 
doo more prevaile, or better beat of endainegement that is in- 

* *'Al«xuidrL NcT]rlli AngH, D« furorflm* Korfolciciisium Ketto Dnce, Ubrj unun. 
^ittdem Nornetut " Ant appeared flmni Bpacmon^a prvwin ^to. 1&75, ATnnik- 
ktkra oFtbc ArsC put uf Uii^ nulunii:. cuiiLtoil " Nurfulket Pudcv, or n View rtf K«tlc 
Cannw ■ nwruary for the M»lff«)nfrnl« pf »ur Tim*t" wm puUiihcd in 1011, 4tL>. 
"bj R,W, [Richard WooJb] , MinJittr At Freilcabam Id Norfdke.ancl a GrUni tiurar. 
Bfho bdieM imrl of (htw tl^iiip with Ms yoiig ejca :" reprinted in l(i'J3. A (ni*3l con- 
»Lornp much cutJous iiifonnallon for Ctio«r wtig (akr nn ihlrrcM tn tbc nnc^jpnE tootilir* 
qF >orviiili I n-^Licb hiH aci^auiit for die cutire rcprlol af ii to ibo Ktcoud nluna of 
Blamfivld'* Hiilor; of Norfolk. 


tended, than power dtatracted &nd dissevered into pecces and 
pcLitcit, yt tlic Spiiii^tird will ctunr Bi^iiiiii: by nca, us tlic <:ummuii 
report goi'tli. i was in b(>u»c iit^t inaTiy diiir^ pn^tt, wliaii I b«rd 
diverse npainced to goo with the gentlemcTi uIjotc named s^yc, 
* Wold GikI vre were unn a|xjri llit? MfdH, we luvpe to lie farre 
ynovgh whan blowts shatbc in dealing; at home/ 

Primu bonis civitmn omnibus pruspicieiiduni est ut piincreps et 
pitritt ^t domi atih-n, cximn cum prc^KeniiMitimii Vila: di&crindne 
atqoc univenis suin ^nhus in hntic rem unieaiu profusts ; po«te- 
riorc loco stadendum ui navigando ct rcgni bostibus damna foris 
inferendo ditCM^nl. Xaui, ut nihil dirnm (1«? ^unipUhus hujuv 
modi profcctionum prope iinmcnsi^, j}hire» iiuuta,*t «olcrte» i;t artis 
peritos intra sexemiium partita morbon, partini aliis casibus sub- 
1ato3 peni9»tf conKtikt, <|umi) uL par &it numcrum reeo^iioHcc^re, 
Pardon my good Lord, for thU prx)cedcth of good will j*nd dattv. 
And 1 take it that it bchovcth your L. nitd audi in your placo to 
know and scayc what Jk naid abrcde. 

Principis est nostrro tibi maxima cura sftlutis, 
Ke^ii ut propitio Numine crencat honor- 

Tardias hinc migre*, Te vivo erit Ani^^lta multo 
Tutjor, O mortis t^irda sithora^ precor. 

Si <]ua>raa nomen, ftUndeit qua* parturJt arbor 
Jutu'tuquti te (qui vim) tcrrndoccxe qucat. 
To the ri^ht honorable and hii 
ftitigular gogd Lurd tlie Lonlc 
Buri^blvVf L#grd Trcaaiircr of 

On me of the outer fotd» oftht' exterior U irn/Zra, 

flaitc oliartan], prt-tcr Dominuin ipsum> nemo renignct. 


LftTTKR* or SMINBWT LtTtltAnV ia%\iT 

C3tri$tf>phfr Ocittnd to Sir Julitu CaKirf parity in L<ttin and parity 
in Enfftiahj with tome Latin ^trwt chiffi^ on the tu^ect qf hi$ 

[L«iud.US. 161. M.4. Or^O 

Virohanorftndo rt in primis c^ndidn nomino D. Ci^fln iitnaa- 
qne Juri 3 car Htitto Sfilutem preratiir plnrim&m 


Quid primo ad tc scribam virrenerande, ftut quid dtcere incep- 
tcm ? cvrrfHXTTt'iy integriuti tun? c\ nnitoo precor, cum Christo- 
fero tuo nihil hujusniodi possit aliqu&ndo conCtii;^r«, E^ cnim 
infortuTmti(;r»um, quam ut ulla mearucTiactionumeac|uevel mininia 
qucat milii aliquid cmalitmcnti apporUrc* Alium fortasMs in 
summa gpratia apud Pnncipeiu et regni Satrapas conKtilui^^et 
Rcgum Brltaiiniconim res gcstai, Anglorurn pn^lin^ ct pacatisBt* 
mum patriae nostr«e statum unperante Klizabctlia^ carminibus de-- 
cantAH^r. Sed hoc ndverK&tur authori eorund«m librorum quod 
ohm protulit Oreculus, nimirum non faciic cmcrgunt quorum vir- 
tutihus obstat Te& angunta domi. Atque iUudetiani trituai, Ingenio 
potcnts, etc. Te nisi paupertas in^idiaao premat. Interim audio 
mc in ftula principis a Regina et proceribus laudari ; Ubellos meos 
in precio esse. Omnes beni^e alloquantur, et poUicitift sic dives^ 
cum indies capulo prosimu^ ad uldjuatu senectutis luetiLtn appro- 
peroj ct nihil fit< Octo jam sole sero col bgitur manna, Dpasta 
Burldgbus ille niagnus AngUw Thcaaurarius, et Domitiu» WoLcy 
Principi a Latinis Epist^Hs, qui -1 libros fiuper a. me de novissimis 
Mundi temporibus conacnptos Tidcrmit et perlegemnt, quorum 
duos priores ad te mitlo conspiciendos, si per oeium bcucri^ 
multia verbinhortantur ut eos (|uam primum typis exercaidoa com- 
raiCtanij itn Dominam Iteginam lucubrationea nieas abonde' 
tunm polUcentcB, seque quo id faciliuA fiat c1 celerius pntronos 
ac€«8auros. Absque pccunita bocc fieri noa possunt. Jam quare 



npnd te, O Tir honf^mndc, ronnilu met inoptAm aaslm exprom<^r« 
qusso, lit auclias et in pauca conforam, I jtimIv. a bonlcc of Utc in 
KnglUhc and did for some e>p<^cia]l csLUses dcdicnfc tho same to my 
lordc of Wnrft-ilte. I wjw in con Aid elation of the same Ut s<»e 
about tile Tower and Saint ICatherina for a Gannera roome in tho 
tmn^T (fFor the! be of my Jjorde of Wurwikrs, being Masti^r nf th« 
Ordinance^ gyftc] luid to 1iiid<* out a man nieete for the snme who 
mi^bt gird me iMime competent peece of mony, and my said Lord 
woldir for my iAkfi beiitowe the name roome upon him. Whilc^t I 
M*«kc tbiq, ^v or mo daieiv be- iipiml and t.b^ tyme lo«t, but tliat I 
TMOvrr tb« same by Rtcdie apon my bookes at my lodging. For I 
aball have money for the same Quiinera Toome at Kaater nf>xt, nud 
a yenn^ Iioncf. So fru«trat4^ of my parpoi«e i fall into want] ftnd 
where 1 hanlcod after pkntic I )iavfi nnitie i»pon ^carcetiff, sueh in 
my ill hap and fortune. Thus being liold to utter the secrets of 
my irinUt«r fate unto yon-er W. I crave pardon. 

Cics&hs cgregio qui triucti a nomine nonien, 
Ificljta qucm Icgum jiirisquc scicntia cunctis 
Hcdilit iionoritieum causi^ navdibus Angliun, 
CicaLr, aveJudex^ noatrojustiMimc icclo; 
Cmssa lioct nimiiiQ] multa raca mttsa salats^ 
Te impertit fauatos cxoptans Ncstoris aimcs. 
Per Qeniom, dextramque tuam, patrumque penatcs 
Oroatquc ubtO'^torr nostnhm miHcren- wncctam. 
Hoc ego polliocur, &t quid meu carmina po«sunt, 
lmmoTtali8 eris^ dccu^ immortale tuumqiic- 
Tu raihi Mureenas solua, tu cris alter Apollo, 
Tu lingua M.'iiiper noKtro et celebrabere vcrsu, 

Ille etiam pmclarLisimus latmpas Dominuj CaroIuH Howard, 
ArigliA* TlialaiHiarcha dignissimus^ ci^us res gestaa anno jam 
proume elapi9o, de^'icLi et profligate Claase Hift|>nnica, jkiiulo 
atrietMB earmine descrip^i, et cujiit: domtnationi sum multJs iiomi- 
nihuH longn devinctinHimustr pollicetar opcram suAm. quaadoctinque 


coram Principe reniam lucubratiuncularum meamm prsmtum peti- 
turuK. 1 send you with this Lettre tlie twoo first of the foore 
hooks to peruse yf it be your pleasure. The two latter be to be 
Tiitten in a fairer hand, and conteyne the Troubles of ffiraunce and 
Beli^ia. It maie please Yow, after that ye hare looked upoa my 
booke, to send it againe to me by one of your servants to the fligne 
of the George in White Chappell parishe, where I lie, aud come not 
out of my chamber from my books and studie. This ziij dale (^ 
September 1589. 

Yowr Worshipps mostbounden 


To the right worshipfull 
M^ D. CflCiar, Judge of 
the Ammendtie Court. 


Christopher Oclandj then of Greenwich^ to Lord Burghley^ to be 
relieved in his distresses. 

[MS, li&Did. G5. HTt. 55. On>.] 

Ih-ceclarissimo viro Dynastic Burghleo, summo Anghffi The- 
saurarioj salutem p. p. 

Ardua Regincc regnique negotia tracfes, 
Non audire vacat frivola verba senis ; 
Poce tua experiar tamen, atque tuam ultro petenti 
(Ut spcro) veniam, clare Dynasta, dabis. 
Composui, mi Domine inclytissime, lucubrando integrum 
fistrictum volumen, in quatuor libros divisum, quorum primus et 
secundun commonatrat quo pacto Christi eccleaia in errores fiedis- 
simos sit i>aulatim per Papam et ejus asseclas pertractu, quce 
quidem est gravlssima etfere malorum et caiamitatum huic nostra 
seculo et posteriohbus mundi temporibus irruentium causa unica< 



t^^ qtijutus pK»t«r persecution es Ecclosiro per totnm 
I tparsim et nomiri&tim per AxttfUtim acerbUsimc inflictAft, 
Moria Principe rcgruLnbCt mincriaA, calnmiUitcjij pugtias, Kungti'mifl 
profiisioncm inoxplcbilcm j&m toto» i-igintj annoe ct ultra in Gfftia 
alquo Btigia toti niun<l<> ob oculoe: poikit. Hoc meum opuaculuin 
t]^pi« cotnmittcrc tii audcf>, prioron mcrc luculimtiuncukc tUi do- 
miutiin mium dcnudavijmnt ; et si maximc vclim, \Af irtrSa mc itA 
acntor inflCCtautCf non possum. 

Ilelpej my very goud Lord, my sirtgultir good Lord, hclpc [ 
pmic luid tn»nt humbly dvayre your honor for Gods sake, yowcr 
poor and infortunato Chrhtopficr^ that licr Mu"'^ uim« give luo a 
piTobcnde or beiielice that will lirat full. 1 nevvr had any tKing tit 
bcr graces hnnds for all lay boolcca Iicretoforo nnadc of her Ilicgh- 
nc». I trust my Lord ChauTtoctor will givo his ^od u'ord with 
yoQ ntid the other torda of tlie Couitad]. Or at the leant speaks 
to D. Awhrcy, the Master of the Ucqucsts, and he will move my 
CAune the aooult at your apcachc. At the writing of thi**! tny 
lorde, tydingft came to mo tlmt one Hurdos a 8crjeAnt of London 
ydiO catt mc m the Counter, afore the feast of the Xatmtic of 
Christ laat past, Itath a Capia* ufhffaturn out for mc. I ought 
hicQ but fyrc pound and he hath condcumed mc in xltL Tho 
Icnied i>i the Uw say it to be rydicuhius that I waa Wuud« in 
xxxH. for pftymenC of vtt. and the eondemnation upon the out- 
Unry U risen la xl ti. Quid fadam f quo me vortmu ? morn eat 
rolhi lucro. Omnis cons'dii )uop9, iieque cogiiutuni uUurn hnWa. 
Uxor per totum trieiiaiuni et uUm pJLrAU,<ii laborat, cujus morbus 
quotidic iikgmvescit ob infortunia tilioruru. Si uiihl non t;»i*et 
utor meiubnA debilitatji, et unit.a JUIa, percuudi sorn m curcerc 
noti ita me valde »(fllicituin reddcret, ncd ambue una mecuia pori- 

1 desyre your Lordship to sjieake to my Lord Chauncclor to 
graunt mc a Ceitaomri or Writ of Krror to reverse tlie suK, Uiftt it 
maic ap|>carc how I have been used, or that my Lcrd * < . . nial« 



stale the writt of outlawry for a tyme. I teach schole at Grenc- 
wychj where my labor wyll not fynde me bread and drynck* I 
dare not teach at London where it wold be better. For my debt 
is growen to xxiij ti. in ten yeares, for so long agoo it is since I 
gave oTcr teaching schole and began to sett out Anglorum Prelia 
and my other bookes. I have compiled also at this tyme a booke, 
the title is ' De vitis aliquot illustrissimonim virorum in Anglia,' 
wherein I doo not forgett your honorable Lordship to have dew 
place. I have opened my self to your Lordahip, for truly it is 
said, Crescuntque tegendo vulnera. Thus having been to much 
tedious I crave pardon and pr^e God to send your honor long lyf 
to the service of her Ma^* in Counsel!, the benefit of the realrae, 
and the comfort of us all trew Englishe. Grenewych this xiij of 
October 1590. 

Yower L, most most bounden for euer, 

most poor and most wretched, 


To the right honorable and his 
singular good Lorde the Lord 
Burghley, Lord Treasurer 
of England* 

The Scboolmaatera of Queen Elizabeth's day, in man; iiutanceA, in their aM age 
■eem to have fallen into pavertj. The Lanadawne Manuscript Num- BBj art. 83^ pr«- 
urv« the following pedaDtic petition to Sir Robert Throckemorton from one Johh 
Lkach, who appean to have been a tutor in various noble bmilieB. 

" To the right woTsblpfiUI Sir Koberte Throckemorton Knight dooeth thia herer 
mashe ^temall ffeelicitie. 

*^ After longe ailena and peregrination from the prEnenB of jour Worahip, as of a 
man moche unworthia to have occesse unto the same : Now at the lengthe not oitlie 
hatde ueceflsitie, but also moat principallie the crebrous phamo of jour clemencie, and 
the right worehipfnll and Gofllie reporte of jour bountefull humanitie and geatlenea 
TDto all men, have at this present enforced met to patte of a Diogenes. I can Id few 



VB tOf tftif knowiw u»trf jrijur *runKip ii]?ciii (bfi coiauiunloatLuD ttat tou 
TaDlamEO la thehi^e Churdir. nf Wvivikr aI k limr^oC jl»iv in thp Utlftf 
i]4lc« of ibii rdgv c>f nrjr tntt 5i>ami|pi LaJb uuJ of Godlic plitrao mid nicniorli 
Qiioe»c Mflri^, Sithfin llic vhii-h litni*, albrit I iikvc noL ben ■ gmt Ccdrc tree apoK 
Iho tepp* of ao btll [ bqt ■ ■noiL EiiuJie, aFiit ibAt to Uit bottaoi of • lalloUr, Ntvtrr- 

lliilau* 1 bar* bvn ibakeu and lourmoilril ju mAuy llnjitt «bd atunoc* urnJvcrBC W- 
tun* tliU IbfT bate atmoit mnile an endc of mrv. Wbh^h (furmea t ixiwtd Ibe bf^cter 
AUldnc «aiJ bouv iu mp joueIi aod flouriAililusc ycnra : but now nr crtpte upoa nrv ifac 
ftMn tbal lice hol unUu uctplruiiuntf , but «|*o cnt hable t'atiidv unv bnfi!fii7A, which 
jlMtM utirctiv imporl&bEf uaio aaclie lliM Lavi: nov lbi»|D to bnrc thclm aolroi 
vitbfelL N'tivilkfUnillikjc', tbauki bcc unto God, I ura babU to t^ewlic 4 Onvmer 
Scfcobt or cb pi-ivallip G^Dtli^mcn'* cbUdiv: ffor il htlh cv«r bfn mynt rierciBe. 
Ind vbal mctboibfj^ll dvitrrrti'' 1 baTc ffiy\t\ toM u Couobingt tbMriilidtiim of th« 
I^lioe Grunmtr. Ilic Grcck«, eud thii Hrtjrrw, witb ail tEi« ninl nf Ihe Stvcn StlcPfe« 
I^bctftll, *&il trolh the rbltOAi^prucA NatDfaLI and MgrUI» It ta Doi uiklLnuniif uuCo 
■OMa of lb« higb«>f bf ihia RHlmv. For I b*v^ ben S<:hol4inkAiitDr unto pX\ tbv Duko 
of Xoirlbflinberlftada cbildrr. and alto unto tb'KirU- uf Katrxi^, nlth dlacrt ochcra of 
(be NoUbtfc. Ulitrfare If your MajitcrAhJji, or i:U m; McUCcr four iou» doa lacko 
ona of vucb ToctlioQ* 1 *il3 for Ibp love ihuc I btarp unto ^ou ami juur bousv, nnd for 
Uba OwJUnoa (htf I br«rv rcparCrd of jruu, 1 *\\\ aiid Uuu ai tbb imtuiL |iiib*cuI iuj 
lalf ftodiajr airnfcd udtv jour Wonhip, tolir* bqJ di< wicb jnu bdfom *mj iriaii in Ul 
EniJUtd. 1 thift^r mj l^rdv of I^icfratrr, or a\y tiOrdr of Warwickr, vnM not «« mco 
«tBl avilr, if I madt ouj lutc uEito ibctin. wbieb tfalogt, albdt tlioi Imve ben my 
«r4olHV, u>d &i I tniAt bMre ni« j;oi>J vill • notvithftUndiage u jct 1 ntTcr nudo 
viiCfl BoCo UdWt >ivt nrl "bw tbdf fu)C« «Ubu(i Uia rvi|rn of Kloj^ llcorjr Ibc TiJJ^\ 
Your W^miup *tll |>rridf<hiiirr numilc Ebat t» bmnp< ai a itraDjtvr anlo you, uiH ru 
vbom phra^tir I did lUTer ab^v oay pbutuir. «hou1d it tbia tnaUuut bee too botdi 
inJ n H w«tir« iinpiulonti to le^^ke fof otiy pteMurf at your baurls- Bui irullc tbii 
h not myno owuv aalnrc balh Uughc [ii«, but your oaiarcp gtncruiitii* proc* 
c> ftad cmiio frti(u your dUYile piQf ealuiari' Add sot oulLc tbii. but aim uid priii- 
cip*Ufe uudAn in Reli^an^ d*aunding« onto ynu nnw in my diuoa firom tny loaiib-r 
yovr AkAcci wul luf l^uii^ yourmoiber; wbich bncli. Uitinka t^c aalo God, vccro 
MB&d* la lUl%ua and of GoiUJo phamc and woitMc mcDiorut. Aod finallic Ibat y«u 
■r lltf ftfcttt and proUctions of the pUce wbf^runto I waa nape lowtullin ofclli^i], vbicli 
■In ibdoU b#o my pninmuuie, Oud bouvrctli, wbo «Tfr prtdorro uiJ Lcrpe your 
Vorubtp «alo ^Bur&all flTaolicirw- -Vmon, 

By the rude h&nd of your aerriQt 
if it eboJl pltaaf roil J. Lf«oh< 
abu fnu^Qjir M' of Arte aod 

lIlLOliDltT of Dluiuitifl. 


The Cotnpany of Mtrckonts trading to Mmtovy^ to Sir lyuiiam 
Cecity Lord High TWamcretf for the supprfttian of Dr, 
I'ietc/ter's Book " 0/ the Russe ComntonwtaHh" 

[Lanan. M&. 1 13, Art. 39, OHf .] 

•»■ The Trcirtue to wliJnU CliLi Letter heiti rulcrtcme woa catJtttfd " Of tlio RiUH 
Commou Wmtth r or mjini^r f\t fifiTwrnmcnt I17 (>ifi Huidfl Einp<rour (comnonlT 
i-flllcJ ttp EmpcFOur of Muakovm,) Sfith Ihc pi&uncni ani fwhJtinB iif it» people of 
t]>At CnanCrrj/' I-^iuoh Load. ):if}]. It «u (bf prodo^tion uf llr, Uitci Flcicbcr, 
and VAJ prccrdnJ liy lb< Tofluvrmg Dcdicnhun to Qurrn Ellxiibeib- 
" To the Qu4«iix« (nnit excellent Mnjcitic- 

"Hoft fnclouB Sou'THtgii^* hHryntfffmplnTrrlirk ya^t lUjilritiei serrice to thv Emptf * 
nniror RqhU, 1 obicrvcd llic lUtc tad meaner* of that Ct^uDtrvy- And bailing 
reduced tbr unie into lome order, bj thp way u t rctiirD«d> I Iuto protumed to offer 
IL In ibUtDotl Booke ro your tnueC oxc«llrnt MiJeiatiP. Mj meaning wu to noto 
tbingoa for mLoe owne cxporicofe, of motr inpurUace than Jrli^Ul, and nthpr Im* 
than AEruJfe. In Iheir mAner of ^rernmenl yoar Hijctiie*» may iPe both ' A Cmo 
■]ulrtrRB|« Taccof V Ty^i/qturs/ .^faf/ (most uoLJkc !» your cftn without true k do v- 
ledgt of GoJ. williPut wrillrTi Lnwe, wjlbuul cOR'inon jmtico ; wic tbnt which pro- 
i«ri!rl1j from ibolr Sptokiu^ iJitf^t to wit, the MiiglctniF who haih moit nwdv of « 
L^wc, torHfiraia bla oirn Injuiiioc- Tha prcLc'tiirc hereof u k it Leavy, *od grivvnut !<> 
Ibo poon oppnaved people ttiat live mtt^Ln tbote Couotrijei: »o it miy eIti* jvit 
MUM to uiy »rlf, and o(li«r roor MnjcitieA faithful! aabiccti, to Dcktiowledg* our hap- 
l^uei on tLlt beUAlfc, tnd to give Gcd Itianke* fur yuuf Mdli^ttlci uioft printt-likc 
and itradoiu govcmmcat ^ a« olio lo your ingbaeaM more Joy and contcntmeat la 
yoar royaJl ealoie. in tbat yon arc a Priaco of auhjcetea, not of iU^C4> that are kept 
(ttlhin duatic by love, cot by feare. The AJnklchric itU blcve jour Hichncva Hith s 
moiiT. long and lappy rftgne in this life, jidJ with Christ Jmu> in the fifo to eouit. 
Your Maintica nioit hunihtc 

■abject and •emnt 

G. FK»e«rBn->' 

lit irp^U of thii Aitteiy to Quaen EUnheth, the EuEland McfcLaBti mw that, tbould 
the pubUoatlon of thli work ouae any Interruption of Iho amity >rhloh cilWnl ol tfaot 
tiat haewMH Ue tw* Co«atrlHr Ikay and ch«ir tnd* uu* anffar, 

Tb*y acrordinclr preveatod thi« Lottv of mnonHtnDM to Sir WiUkm Cecil, In 
vkieh ihtfj poJntvd oat tb« puufti rhmI Uke\j to bo ofleadft to tiw Bocilui 



To the right Honoralilc S' William Cecell, Knight, Lord High 
Treasurer of EngUnd. 

/' The Corupanicof Merchaunt«atradinge Muskovia havingcbcnc 
mtnic nvics preiudked by the error* w*"' have bene committc^d 
by her %!&*'* subjectcs imploied by the Cumpaiiic in tho^se purtes^ 
in givinge offence or some amalc color of offence to the government 
of the slate of the Countrie of Russia, doc grcatelie faare that a 
Bookc kt«U« «ett out by Mr. Doctor Fletelier, dedicated to her 
Ma''*T intituled tlic Russc Commonivesdthj will tumc the Corapanic 
to some ^eat displeasure with the Husse Emperor^ and eii<kmiger 
boetli tlieirc people mid goodei nowe reinayningc there, except 
I some good order be tiiken by your I^>rd5hips bDnorablcconsido 
I ration (or the callinge in of all the hooken that are printed, and 
I lome cowrse boldcn therein «ignifyinge her Ma*" dislike of the 
^^piibli*hiuge of tbesarae. In W^^^ I5ooke ^besides tlie diacowrse of 
tJic di»cription oF the Countries) the mitlt^irie government and 
forces thereof, the Empcro« revenue, and howe yt ryseth (w**^ is 
offensive to the Rtissc that anie man should lookc into], the ]}cr«on 
of the Empcro' his father, bis Brother, & the L; Boris FedoroW^'' 
the protector, and generalhe the nature of the peikjde, are tox^xlicd 
in aoe lianlc tcarmcs, as that the Companic doubt the revenge 
tJkereof will ligKt on theirc people, and goode^ remayning in 
Russia; and vtlcrlic overthrowe the trade for ever. Out ofw*** 
booke for your Lordship's rcadines there is hereunder noted eerten 
places offensive, whereof the whole diseowrse h full. 

In the epistle dcdicatoric of the bootee he teormcth the Russe 
goi'emment a strange face of a tirannycall state. 

The inltillerable exactions of the Empert)' vjipon his subjeeteH PoL ft b. 
makcth thera carclcBftC to layc vp anie thingc^ for that yf they 
have ought, yt eaoseth them to be spoiled not onbe of tlioire 
goodcs, but of their lives- 

In shcwinj|;e the hkelthoode of the endc of the whole race of :he p^ ]g. 
EoipCTor concluded iii onej two, or some fewc of the hloud, he 


saieth there is noe hope of yssue in the Empero^ by the constitu- 
tion of his bodic, and the barenes of his wief- 

He noteth there the death of the Empero'' elder brother, miir- 
thcred by his father in his furie, whose death was the murtheringe 
of the o!de Enipero^ by extreame greefe. 
Pol, 16, b, j]g notetb what practisinge there hath bene, by such as aspire 
the succession, to distroye the younger brother of the Empero^ 
that is yet livinge, beinge about sixe yearea olde, wherein he seem- 
eth to ayme at Boris Fedorow=^. 

He noteth in that younge infant an inclination to cnieltie 
resemblinge his father, in dehghte of bloude, for that he beinge 
but sixc yeares olde taketh pleasure to looks into the bleedinge 
throtes of beastes that are killed, and to beate geese and hena 
w^li a staffe untill they dye. 

FoL 20, 0, Tiig Russe government is plaine tirannycall, and exceadeth all 
just measure, w^^out regard of nobilitie or people, gevinge to tlie 
nobilitie a kinde of vnjuste and unmeasured libertie to exact on 
the baser sorte of people. 

PoL 21. b. If the late Empero"" in his progresse had mett a man whose per- 
son or face he had not liked, or yf he looked vppon him, be would 
comnnaunde his heade to be stricken of and to be cast before hime. 

FoL ^G, b. The practise of the Godonoes to extinguishe the bloud Royall, 
who seeke to cut of or keapt downe the best of the nobilitie, 

Fol,33, b. That yt is to be merveled howe the nobilitie and people will 
suffer themselves to be brought vnder suche oppression and 

Pol. 34. b. That the desperate state of thinges at home maketh the people 
to wishe for some forrein invasion, 

FoUST. b. That Boris Godonoe and the Empresse kindred accompt all 
that commeth to the Empero^^ treasurie theire owne, 

Pol. 41,43, Divers grosse practises of the Empero^ to drawc the wealth of 

43, 44, 45. ^jj^ j^jjj |^(.jj Yi\s treasurie, yv^^ he concludeth to be straunge kinde 
of extortions, but that yt agreeth w'^ the qualitie of the Emperor, 
and the miserable subjection of the poore countrie. 


Theirc onlic Uwc la tlkcire speaking Iawc^ iHnt \a Ihc p!c«aTirc P^i- ^3, a. 
of the prince mkI M>igi»tratc», whicli Micwcth l]ic iimerablo cun*- 
dition of the people; Again at whose ihjiiMticc nncl c\trc&[Uc op- 
prcKMoii tbcy httd nce<le Ut be armed nttJj iiiuiite guod Lftwca. 

The practise of tlie Godonci* «^iLii)?«t the F-Tupcro" hrotlior to Fi>L9e,9«i, 
prove hiiu not Ic^ittliijate^ and lu tunic nuuiu llie peoples Ukiiigc 
from liim as next succei&aur. 

The dj5cription of the Eniperour. viz,' mcane of stature^ Io\rc Pol- i to- 
uid ETO»c. »Uowc of complexion, eiielyitinj^ Lo drojjse), hawcke 
nowd, aiititead)«? in Iiin |Hu»tf by rcanon o( the weukncs of his lymc^^ 
hc«vic and vnaetive, commoidie vaiiliii^c fdmoit to u laughter; 
for t|uaUitic fliuiplc nud alovrc-wHted ; hut vunt; gi^utlt; and of an 
tasie nature, <[uiet, niereifull, Ac. 

It ui to be doubted whether Ugreoterthc Cruellic or the Intern- yd. iiG. 
perauude that b v&cd in the Countrlc ; it bi so foull that U not hn 
Dftined. Tlir viholtt Counlriu ovcrilowetb witli the wynne of th&t 
kinde, and noc mcrvell as having^ no lawc to restrayne whor«- 
domcs^adultcriesi, anil like vncleanesof lief. 

From the greatest to the vniiillcsl, except some fewc tJmt will 
acArceli^ be founde, the Ruaac nether bclceveth anie thingc that an 
other Duin K|x-akcLh ntjr ipeuketh anie thinge hiiunctf worthie to be 

It oMiI ■CATCdf Ik uldc^ thftl Dr. Ficlcbor't Hook ivw quickly fupprvaed, Ii w*i 
!■ lifcAlbu liC kad been trikl EmbuBikdor to Ruma. Thr- taUirvntsu Mftriutcript Ae- 
eowttor faiB N«|Eat»iCion, njujinunicttrdby hiipnrlf to Sir WU^Um CcrU, irUI prf^bably 
•OCODUl tor the bknkbcM oS maaj of hi> tUltuicnCa in hi* prinuJ Volume- lodorvcd 
Id Sir Williuu CtcWt bncut, *' I5m^ A brief of tbii Xce^tlHtiga in Moicnru. M' D. 
fl«Uher, rt>c«Uc4 in Scptrmb." • 

" Th* ftumifle uf 107 Ncgotiftiloft- 
•' J. My intertiUTiDirnt. 
**9, TbffciiitM of ntjltunl inUrtilaacnt. 
" S. Wbattodoonflud brougtit lorffMt. 
" ^ Wh»l could not b« obtvfnvd oo tho b^vhfciro/tko MftTobiMiU- 

> LAndt, MS. GiX*rt. S% 



" ]. Hj fDtii1m{i]m«nt. 

" Uj whok ifil«rtiinmf»t froni mj firvt trrivill till toiTv,rd» the very md, mt* neh 
■« iTthpy had diTued mpoceB of very pufpotr tii> thvw their irtUr diBlikinf boOi of tL« 
trttde of ihfi MarchAnU, ind of cbc ttholt- baglnb Nkikra* 

** I. At VJ arri-ring K Ibo Monko llioiir vaj uo nui la bUd n» wcIIcood, not to 
ttDch M to ooDdoct mcD Tpp (o mj Lod^lnf . 

" tf. After 1 had lUjod two or thn* djiyu to >ec if Ka\c wellconm or otbcr noct- 
■ig« would (»om« ftoon the EmpcriouT. or ttie Lord Bo rU Fcdtrowkh GodoaDtv, I 
Mnt mj InCrrprrtcr tu Lhv iiLfd Idord Borti, Cn tlevipr bltii ro tw u mmnr^ for luitlonee 
fa tht Hmparour, Uui( haring dooa my AvbitiiMifa Co the Kinpi^rour, t mighf i1o« mjr 
iDMUCt' <iuJ UdUcf my l.rttm ItkrvtMi to him. My Inter jtrilur hAtln£ atlfndcd 
hitn two or IhrM dajei, w"'owt iiieaking v"' hloi* vom potti'oundcdbylbBClmoncoUonr 
tocoom no nooreiLl the f^ourt, nor to the home of (br uid L* QorJii. 

" J. Thfl CouukU van vuni'iund^, aut lo cimfrrr m'^ mvc, our I to Buad to cnle of 

■' 4. When I httd tudiencc of tlic KrD|x<rourH in thf« toric «atnnc4 of my •t^tJU'h f 
W» cATltlcd n^'>al1 by lie ChaQDCcUonr. bycuwnc I «iiicil net fnrCb tha Eiitprroun 
whole itjle. M^** nf purponc I forburr to doc, hyt^awto I would not moke h» itlLe of two 
dbi«i, »mt ^rimr Hif[bnri> >lUr of b it|iiiri Lon|; ; b«vln|t rrrpriilTd tbc? flm tnd prtndpaU 
put! of it uhl s^*i°S him tbfl (illcii of f»Bt f-onl Duke sad KnipHraar of all ItnMJa, 
King at CftXAD, KiDt of Aitficui* \c. I An»wca»d biin Ibir llm Kni|>9rour vm a 
mightifl Prinov, lad bid niAaie CouDlrifa n^'' itniuii^prfl c6ald not, nor ^?ar not bound 
to haow, that ] rpp&iint ibt* princifoU ofbj* ililc, U) thew loyhouoarEo Ibc rut. Bat 
It wuuld nut tvn-c tl\\ all wh ti'itralnd. 

** A. Tho PrffxiDd ifDl bf yuur tlighn^ji 1o Ihp Km^nroar, and <to1iTfifti] 14 bira in 
bift own prrteiice, wear Ihc ilay foUowinc rirtourD^d to mcc, and very contemptuoiulio 
art down btcforc mc*. 

'■A. My artidM of pplitioa delirrrcd by woord ctf moull. and oTterwifdi bj writEoK. 
v^ all ochvr writjufn, «r>r altrrt:^ aad fvUlfled by ihv fimporoun ]uLeq^rcU!r« by 
■«4fiM of tbr CbvuBfiillour AodrAaa Khalotilov* j upocUlIi* wliMr Lt concrrncd himtvlf, 
naoifi Ibino "^etr pbtt In. and maTur thlngi «(rook out, w*^ bonac comphdned of uid 
tbe point* notrd, vfould aol bei? rvdrm^d^ 

"7. I wu pUcpd In an hoirte vme tnhftndjoom, vnholioom, of pnrpoiv (■! It 
aeciued) tu ttotr no dla^ioe, and to hurl toy hnttb, mhmi I wia kqit ma prlionvr, not 
ai an ambaunilnqr- 

" H. I TBI not KulTrrd to tend ani^ L^ttrf iaio Eofland hy Ihfi ^inut wjiy, to id^iHc 
of ay proondin^, not to much u of nty hfaUh* tbougb 1 dmred it eiro^jtlir. 

" V. My nlloinncT fof TilUi] wu 10 bore and to bur, ai I could not Irnvr brf«pt«d 
it but lu Avuil uaiitlflUfjci tbtl 1 lH-|[ftiL ti ^iilcuil k'^ tSjciii abcu(>^ ulchu a uiaUci. 

" Ici^ At my rtroont, at Volfr^^, opan prorlKmatiaii hri maili* by thn liuhc ani! 
Diaktf thear, by order from the Chaanedlour Andteas ShalealoTv , that mo nuo thodd 
bin 09% horae ot ho&t to anie EojUthmati i w*^ brrdd an opi&ioo in the people tbear, 


*bkhwu 4 CABK ufi^mt il4iinc*^r U>wudBiU0e Mid Vitf cvtayaai't -. ami of thcnmg of 
Ibtt Ea|lifh hovnt mX ColmJguve (a« siijipmL] bj (ho ftC()uca]J Hlmr tU« compAnie of 
tbe Cng [Jih Mnrcbauu \a$t to tha taUcv or lUt ar kvcq thoffAad lauka, 

** TLne put* of b^rd JnUnrrioment irciir ofTrrd uts b; tlio ClksvuLLcllpur Andrut 
Shilcalon, vlio b nlUn tlm (Mtic«r fnr AmliHuigfi*, of v^rw pijr|miio (jm lE uwnicif) lo 
mttTc mtv to impbucficc, tlul bee mtglil h«T« wurvUh to di^lnrb thii biuinc*. And 
tbnrAirt I iltCFrmin«J ttilb a>y irlf to vsn atl moJ^nilion, so farr ni mij^lil ttiud witb 
joor itl^oci honour, ibiit, If utti^T moaooH t»f fnir" trtntic iimtKitRil iifJt wLth Uit^in, I 
Ml^l uiaL« kj^ru A(t«fiuU^v of m^ b^rd iutcrtviuucnt luw unlA tlic cod of ihj t»|;utiA< 
tiob. by ItjcDjr II ill in oa iluth h^ort Ibrm. aQd 4]i|ilEctig It to jroiir Hl|[hDCA du* 
bonow (aa iadtcd it vraa] l irbioh bniogdooD m unrpcal and Tchrmcnt mumer w 1 
DouM dhiR wilb ditcrvilioo, brougbt tbtm lo flomd remonc vf Ibrir funnpr droliDp, 
■dA «0 Co )«tll dWrrn pcmiH, m^U in » intLDDor iQ tbtt 1 iQtrRiUrd of Uirm, lu ri^com- 
pfOcv uf tbH' bdrd inUrtciamcni jpyvtt in«fl liccforVp wluarof tbcj Uovircd buu (0 lualn 
tbe bMl tA joar Higlinet at mj ivtiiam bonuf, 

** !■ Tlic c&UB<A at ray hard inlcrtAlciiDflDB. 
'■ SiAoe tb* tou of th« Nitrvt, Ibv Kux batb divuad by til maniBH bH could to Sm* 
wlte (he indfl tluc ii«t ("bcKrbtc hro lluiikcili tbn Rjiiuie ii onfichcid) aaJ to bflnit U 
trtrr to (ho Port of 9 Nicholiu. Thid had been doun long aiact lu thi; ctbcr Kmptf- 
roimitniCt but for h iptciaU lifft^'ltua hrv burn LowuiddfUu/ Highon, wbicb lUiodhim 
l^om thai ftbicb Qibt^rnJir lu^i: intruded. Tlux iiLtriHisGuf tEiluviujf (liv wbule Lndc Imm 
4^ Karrc to lh« Port of H* NkbuUi, (bey iu|>^u» to bm% hi&dnid iixjcijilhif mid obliu 
by t^ co«inptttIe of the CnfllUb mttrchabU, and ibdr privllcidged Irude, beciQf Miuicil 
bj Lbf lliuicit >~cithcibadrrA» uid FreachjntD, tb&t, if tbc c«mpaiiie ol tliD Eolith 
Muclduii near ttti of lud Cbuif privjloiid^t^ di^oknl, tbiry eboidd pmcotlia ltiT« & 
friTM" aad uutdblc Ifadc ftl lliclr toicd PutI wf S* Nkbobu* wlitch flhuuld uiuvh ouumuv 
U« Kin|f*FWJ» e^uttoocQ. Vpoa hop* «bfarof» di«y h«*( built ii Town »nd Cjiitk 
•bout i» Euilca vUluu (be river Lb^t fhlleth into tb« baj or road of !>* NicboUi. And 
tki* Utk« ctierff ground of their dj«likr tOMrnTdtf thr Ctiniimuie of llic EnglUh Mur- 

*■ ll «*• biforntcil ti> tbe Empcronr and lU CkiaaKll, b) IflttraftUd meiMg« out of 
CaflBMl, ihftltbcMicdCoiiipAmevuirtLtrlir dialiki^d by jnrar Hl|liaoti, hyjuurOiun* 
icU* bf tU tbe Mircluntt of Er^gland, npccuULv of \hlc, hiiTing reduced ihvomltc* lo 
ibe DOmbtf of Eij' uid » bctfiia^ naw raorc Ewlnblc MuuupDlicn tbcu tLu; wt«fD We- 
I Ion I ikM. in rNJtv th«y vr^r cut of. ibcy tkoivld l^vc a fur £realer tradf of Eii^tub 
MircUbU, of W, JO, or4UMdB5Ciir,vMdi vouUbercoulcottOfiy viholr countuonit 
tpd bfl Died u cumoiOii nco » tbul on mtu would trtdc for u uiiuh a> Ibt^ vbolo 
Cvaifttib* a<rw doth ; UiU your lll^hiiM wodtd like It better to biie the Co»puil« 



diiiOlr«dt >^ the trtJ* UUil o|i«ii for all ynir mbjircli nlik^, ihca lo hAi« «ile PHri* 

M*'^ CouAloom huTt u H ilotli (Lir Eiiijivruur* ibciT, An frjr yutir lllfllDCi iMtnt 
*Trittm Bj thk Uma on the CQm]VBiiic« LElutir* tl mai infurippd thnl llir «*ii« wtai ^olt 
hj cnni im|iortuTiilic ; Ihtit your MOfhncA *ctt fcni: bj;nd to (jdidui thiufi w]d«h yaw 
iifrcr reui oivr ; and for m^Htf time i «iu icdI bm m « mctKn^, nai v «a Amba*< 
tvUuiu-; tbit I ueictvpoko vitb^uur UigluiaK* 


" Ifouad 1^ Lord BoruFcderowLchQoJonovottadiipleMedwfth the Couipinr.tiwt 
no rcuOD nor inlrcatio would rroondlc liim. TTji; mittLCn tlint ^ir«d kUn ] Touad la 
(kv thevf' I- Tlial llicrom 1l«rtcf vm ho cbuM^ avny hy Uio CumpbuJc (u be wm 
infonnedj beiDgsent BiiMe»rn^rfrDiD him with LeiiraiudprtflcAUEn j-nur flixbnFA* 
Ibwhicb r««p«ct ^h#t tbini^klh) lapv hhcmld kkmibpfln forbom oX (Iiil (liut:, fi^r bu mkvi 
and arconnlcth it tin dwbonouf UiJil hrt wm rciowrocd Lti thai wrt. Sf, Kor 11i*t bco 
wHniit (iroTidcdof rcrtiiin ]jrriioulur». uUdj W trnifor Lu lb« Comjianki i u bonvp 
«rmourp pt&ritf, Ai:- >?' Far that hit lat« iVci'Tnt to your Uigbnci by lllcroai H<inHf 
«U <U»hp»ourrd auJ d1»gr««d bj thr i^uJ Cuii^|iiwjfl, bf wLo^c mciiac« (■« h<« h 
mtmlid infctrmcd) it wft» dioidocl tntn two purla j Ibt on fvitm th« EmparVur [who 
ftcnt Ebcn no prnfinrj thf ijtbcr frtmi himMLr, wliurbf iIh^ graiie and honour of hi* 
proHnt »u defaord u hcc tboufht. 


"■ When I irTiTed at the 5luiko I TouDd t lts|^« in hand bolwut Uic Empfirour «ud 
t>ii> Kinf of Spniit. ahoQt an oppOiibon agaiiul the T^rk- Tu rtbii:|] piirimw nn Ait^hh. 
#adoiir wfUt appointed tu %ot mto Bpiin, un Trtf r Rn^oo a Slavoniar aiiil thf Kmitttoun 
intCT^rvUr. Tbii Lr^jiuri kh fcit forward bj the ]'alrtiirtii «( tvimtjiatiiiofili-, <fho, 
breiag bADuTird by the I'nrk, had l>i*tri vitu iLc Tojift *ud na^ *ciii b> liini tu Ihe 
Empcrour of Buuia. at w«[l to fri4t aboni tbU ncv Lt^ffuo bctwUt bioi and the 
fEjkitiiiih KUg, ai to reduce the Hubs froEn vadcr the Grocic to Iht Latiae Oiurefa. For 
the cffccLing vbcirof hn ih()u|Elit Uidr o«d Pttriarah fbcnns tbu* baniabsd anddia* 
contented) to Im (hv Ukcl^ct mfiuic*. Thia Ticttic uf League «tlh the SjianUrd, wa* 
H iiuuxT uF uiore «adtl ixiuOtrtiBnco lottinli ino» at niy Anl ■rrlipalL fiut after fiHiir 
iligliDL-ft tit^lcne «^aiiit< iho Kin|[ ed Syun noi wtH keov? n cbpar [which 1 vurjcntood 
by Lrtirfs KUt mtw by S* Pranctt Dfikc whlfL I cafficd to bee trauihUtd into (he Kun 
ivunipiB lufiHlbpr wttli y^VLt Ui^hon Ontiou madn to Hn Artmt Ia Kmsx.) aU tbia 
Gouccift vt a i)f Aoiah Le«ciw vaaUbcd away. 

■' T fonnd at ttc Klcuko an <i1bTr AmLaitudoor MOt from Ibc BlS|>«rour Of Alsaico, 
lo treat «f a coofeadervcic vlth the Ru» Empcrour a^JiuC Uu PaUiauWf tlWM U over 
v^de for tie Rut by the Mcna of tiw^tdca. Tliu Abbauadour (>« >r bot Lad 
bMft ic&l ^ oottong dlv) tnvtl^licd Hgainjt the dalnp or Bof land t mWe 


lcttbur op CMf^rBTvr MreiiAitT mbtv, 

OUVt or tht 8p*&Ub defeat i nunrinK tii;kt thf K^K of Sjtain v<iiild toU 4d 

CtfiiOt uvJ nuke ■ oooqiutit of jrour Hithit^ BrLvlmr*, Th«» and lik« vnnntJMii 
|'ib«d« Chen iroi>r«v tflvoloil tboo utkrmitr ihcj ^nM Iiatr liccn ; and li; mint timj 
r ^edrout to conclude thii Ingrie ntth the Kniparour <ir AlliniiiQ, having for tli*t 
invpon Mmt noto bim Ibr thli Ambuingr, ihvf war tiLc more wtlfiiig lo ^rutiik Iil4 

_ Awfcl«J>Qr iritli my hard inFerEiicimitnl. 


'*Tci theFint ImuircpiTDd lhnrn,Thjtt (n pcrftirm Ihin divitv Wa ciaiUr imiiomljli- ^ 

, Ilu4 Ui« M«rcbiinlfl that ate w trv^lv by tlic whj of llir SuudU wuuU xmrr hr bf^ujE^it 

Bo loiM • kmnmn, tafp^ unfl ipprdJ? Tnd«, tor to long, ti:Jluii*, aiiJ flaung^ruuB fe 

!ft> ]t«th bj the va; of S' NitlolnL Thai in tjik your HiaUdci acor. ojid ihe 

C«DpUli« of M«Mhaaci «o rcqaltod for their difmTrric, aaA cipher dcicrt, hnrinjE 

! thm Enptrtsnr lo miinle jp^tn flrlch oACMMrit n>mmo4liti«< for liie viirrf, ffcc. 

vbcfl tLcolbcr wny lij ilif Nftn-e «ru i.jiiiWaliuitV|rpt tiui] lUu* Ji»b*JuutiitU bj icjcvtlng 

jnv p:<t(UQ mil Prrvi^rib, nnil tWy ibr^iitd Htnrr Ih^mivlvrv luirlif^r fn bavrlho Kng- 

lull nor atkj ocfacr Muciihiut 1<> imJt lluE vHy to Hic Port of S' Niohot«*, tliAt yoof 

UJibfen buth could and «T>utd prvivide for ^aur own Lcmaur, end jopd of runr Mar- 

cfcatU^ trj •tdjijniiiE I'l'^t *nji nntl nut tiuffcr lljncn it;uB to bM ftpoitfid b(»th of Ibelr 

l' prftilcBd^v aikI gix»d« j oodlliiA tb«y mifht contidcr, wbiil inconvcniriKO Jt*rou1d grow 

nAto. tf t|>^ Xkrv* piutaf* b«in|f «huit v]ip h)r i|ie Hnrndrn* tbr odinr «iir t^Ua hy the 

Port 0* S' Nic^oU* vnir Jcbirrod from them, m Ihrt they thowld have no wnj to vcnl 

- Ihfir OVM coEcnialilica tiar to receipt in foireign, vpcciallic powder, iiUpeclflr, brjio* 

^iIiCfl«tlndr ^r, tiicenuiti iottht ETrpvrvun «afrB. With tlimc and like |H|inlH| I did 

«W 1 e««id 10 bat Ibcn from that s't'^od, 


" lb Ifca 3 I I Hiurcil ihcm lh«t C rcce«vcil my cUariff tnd i&itfuctlotu from youi 

Mj^; ibal yuur llffcbnn bid A ipe^iUL] cue wbit vni duoa ai ihUtlino <ra ihe brcbalf 

of Jpour ?klLroh4iit«, vhc-m yd* wcounUd nol u ilomUki or btH ptoplK {nn ib«} 

|tb<m) l7uti« irrirspvffiAll and nrcriuric mnahvn of yuDr romOD wrAllh. And 

* tbcwfore mad* jcar mil eo thit Etmpiirour nt thU limr* >fl e full eiprrlmcnl of hU HOod 

t ttlD«Bd iftdloo lowd* yourM*'^ ; 4od &# far llic Kioibuing of jour hrgLn<-» Canntvom, 

I fO* ntdc norc accoual of your IIddout ud comLnuLn^ uf ili« Krsimi (iindc toihn CJoin- 

) «f rmr UarobanU by your M*'^ and your prt<Ir<p4uarK (ot Up infoiirnfEfniDtil of 

your HibfficU to Ihs like «Dt<rphi«> fur dlitciircrinir of nr« trad^, h<, Ihtn yov did of 
^ At onlariliix of your Coiutoomein, or ania m»t(«r of commod.lie vbJttsorvcr, That 
■ Ul^Bn Comioom couhl no wbilt hfv ioirrfaiwl by tbi* mnane*. fbrumuch u tha 
■Uteltoouncny ot KuuU «a> not able lo rtccavc te much of E0EU«b coDomuditivB u 
«u oov broocbt yctrb« by tb* «ai«d CornpAale of Mflrchaoia. tlulr Uod) eoppt^r and 
oAcr commodiiirt ly«0K «taU rpon thrir aivaU hand, and thvy notvr Ttterinc put I JO 
or I4it dotiw* ycirUr, irb«Am atber EAjflt^b Marchuiu io one uuU Tavne of Ow> 
I Tom 60 or Ml thomAwl daUici ycirtle. 



" To the 5. TaremoTCthct oMioeipt ewt of the Lord Bona ] M«ar«d him of jw 
Iti^bim Ttry FpectiU AlT^diun niul jtLY*1 ico^xl 0]iLDiDn of bim UnE TOur Hlgbiuii 
lUdUj^liC Tvnt Hcif altrrvlin ([ti'ntUi^ betliuMiiig in liinii thHl jcm JuErEil tu bee Uehold* 
i^U In aanv frut fn liim for thtti gooil Ecpiini tMwiintH yaur MfLi-chiinU. Thtt jnur 
llii^bnti^ bcclng iLr bcit and ihnnkfnUnt Prince in tbe ivorM, voutd not bt irnmiadAiU 
of hu i^od J^Brrt, iKbt«ri>f jrou had eiveo mee « dnrg* to hbutw liim in |i>ur nune. 
Aa for Ihc irCtmiimic of MarobAcilN, tUey BbonU nd would boo reulieto mike blon 
MDODdc* if Ihcf bad gitcit Liiu uiic juvL tAwtcofoffcac*, fcc. 

" 3^ What 1« tfTccIed In thU boiinn- 

•* CofiGf rnLnc Uip loAttcra of I^^uc itid fricndshipp brl"i»t your Hiahnci and tbc 
Emporour, li U rf^cravecl Ln lerc klodp «ort> nJid pfufi^ud iiiaJc uf Ukr ^ooit will aad 
otbfif rcrTfipordncU ■* wka huafon btttiKut jour HigUun and <be EmjvniurB 

" 1. Tbcv b renilted of tbc debt mnde bj one Antbonic \f mb auil cUimrd frov 
the Comptnie, unotatiTig to the toin't of THcntie three thownnd htf. handred and 
llirre markiL tua p*ct<* of tbrce wilh lo overplus, w tbat tbcar rvmiilti«Lli ti>b« pwrd 
lt}r ihft Mnr^liBiiU but 7VCM> m^rkc- 

*' 2. TUcAt U rcmaud tlifm bchidriL ii lbi« tjrmc by tUc Kmpcfour the «umc of 1 ^10 
Rvbbeili or Marks, oUiLacd and fiaokd bvforo oftbf A^ntforCoiuiloi>iuof the lut 


" 9. Fnrtber ibcu i* f«tnUt«d bj the Lmpetour 300 marki dnii&ed tor Kot for Uitir 
kowiD nt the MriAlcD. 

'* 4. Concerning thcLr Priiilcdce of Imdc Cwhit:li T found Ic hf.6 of no uconnt ti mf 
COOUint UUther) but infringed in nil lUc prbdjaU poinli of it i faiutoio, bovM-rtoii 
AO' b««lQfOCl*tinml Of Ibrei) tbfiar is snunivd m f(fi-rt aU (bnc I rrrjuirrd on tlie 
Webilf of tho Gaaip4fiic, mtv thai bnlf-vguHUittni Ja nlAimcd hciirAfidr* Thii bvcddg 
doon, ehpy |irnniiu* d f imtirujiTtri* of tlip pn* iEmdg* frir «T«r wtf houl male rfrofklinn. 
Tbn ftddkioD&lli noif made to Ihe foriurr PriiiUndfe arc that — 

" That the Compinic sbiill trnde frwlie down iho riTi-i ^o'^hii inio Mcdk. Ven^, 
fiooghAna, 4c, &nd no ilran|E*»r hlmlbt'f- {WuiilU'd tmde that V4y but tbf jr. 

" That pnEKiht pumcni «ba]lH-c umde lu Uic A^ut ]itar«l%cr Pot iJl cooiinoditja Uut 
Djvtjikpp iif Iha CnmpnutlM for thu Kmprroun ttt hj hi* Treuvim And otlwr OflWr*. 

'■ That ■ grut eburge nhalbe f ivcn to dl the Bmperoun Olficer*, tbtl &a ai^tiun 
hre nitdf bfaraft«r tpon tb4 Compuiio, conlrane to tbdr Priti1«ndg<« 

" I'bdt (oo prcrcnt oil IncoDi^eDlenoR ihju iniy bj^i|wn liMrtfUr) aone abnlbM 

sdcoablcd to be of tlui Coiupftaio. ar fvr Okar Jtfloien in IIial Coufitrr^i bat abftlbc^ 
enrc£UUod by the Affcnt in Writing, tn tto OOkoo of the Trruufie, and tliit u to b«« 
•dd«i na nn urticle to tbe FriirUMd^. 

*' Tliat rach m *r« to Ettfei|^Mr«d. nnd Ibeir njunni atrelfn cwt aAcnenrda bf tte 
A(uiii tliati no lonf«r b« rtpatftd for lh« CompudM scrrut*, <ir to hatn to doc la 
Ibdf atfnivr*' 




** Hhui ttO BnfUihmKD htirafier ilinlbec lert ou the pudkey, or oilioTvrite lormcnted. 
for tide fiwpilioti of crym? w!uit9ot<cr, but oalip *<iii; kept tiU his Ma'*' ^cr> uifoimed 
and thu IruEb of Lhc c««hi iWow^hhi; kiio«iii*i 

'* TbBl mil unininudiilci kbalbcc uiuayirrtEd frrc, htc v/ui, to IJVf barUcd for Mltpec- 

" Tbit the Compuic! of EbRUtlk Morcbanu «liaU not bo tic&nfter vader th« oific« 
ol Andcw Shaloaa. bot pt^rUiti to thoofiica of IheTmBurie, «> that thej miy ap|)Mt 
lo tbt Lord Horijt t'cdervvricli Gi^ilociovr If ilioj tltlnck ihof luvo vroTif . 

" Thftt tbe PHtUraJjf gmuntfil tv the Ct>iupiuil? wiUi tboc euliUtioiu, vUaJbec pro- 
ckintU wi4 watle bnawbt ta «tl the Bmpfranri knibai^ipd peopTv, 

" 4. M'hAl u uot KTAQnIfd on eUc AlarcbuU bovhalf* 

" Bpide« Uie ttiOO mirki. vbich or tioctcd of the Cumptniv of MArckuiU, Uiftr ii 
drtvlnrtl mUbo frtim triv aalcd C(im|iuiit: tliL- »ucacn? vt \ Kkj uutrkt vt tlitiiir abuwtfff, 
■rhuh «■< AffVfwT nrti indtakpii n*i«y prrfon^r hy AhiIiviih Shiilr-Olovr fJliHnn'vlldi]!' tn ihi* 
^■pfrov (ivt of l]i4T hAEiitjt of one Anthonir ManU, 'Hu citwtc of thi* injuxt ilclcin- 
RNnlblliU. llie ( biL[n<;4:lli>itr tbU Ijml ^t-flr hoA hiB i^oodd conFiwcal (]<j the Tolicw 
or GO.IKNI mirkft in moucj bjrvtilr* oCbcr ituH and comtncirlitJrK) in tL« Krtiperourv mmt, 
bat tnilBrd <u thi ik of L. Uork and oibdr of Lbc tJtJElouuvc-* that r*c ibc Kiripcruur* 
■athorittt hi tlinr jilrvmr**- AmooK vhLcK ^A«^da tn* iHk iuii*l lomR oH 1,000 Ktililwtlii 
Wlonjc^nff to pVn (bottle M*T)ih. Vhidi Wine once |io»ii«u£<] bj Ibc *Af cd lujrr! HorUamt 
atktrcS !itf riAnir, not lu MbrihS j{E>EhJ>i, Imt u llie ChiuuiccLlouri dae ti> the Ernpc- 
r«ttr hy tottt^ncu^on, could not be rtcovorvd from their handj, Ihc rbjvini^rllour 
d«idciig tbfel otcf UtK rtrciuvctl auj >m;b guud* uutfiUbBtandJug Llie ciuJcul pcuviE« 
■Btod)g»J bgr rcM to tbe eontmrle," 

U i> not « Uttltf rvintarVablv thnt two Acoovoli of Soiili chooU h&Tv been tlncCnr«d 
by IL* ohBgHn uipttniinoNl Uy thrir mutbon Id nonAtqune* of ibpir rcifloption nt Ihit 
Cottrl: ottt *l tic di>»* of ibc LGtb i^rotury, and odc M the bciitinitiB of the I9tb. 
1^ bitcr alluded to U Dr. Edwud UaaJct (:iArkc*A AccouaC of Ritub in ibe liuo of 
lis Evpsror PttuL 

Pvcluw, Tol. iiL p. 4\^, npriniad Flctahor'« Accoual vw\y cotaptece, dcept Uilt 
l« prt fu a m tu hat* cOQlnftml and modlAcd *^(hobitiaf «tile in whiob tbo tutbor 
■Mb tba HiuiUaGoT>nkni«Bl/^ 




AicJtaruUr Sowellr Dtan of SL Pa$it\ tc Lord Bttr^h^ ; ij> 
favour t^ Dr. H'itHuMt IMtf taker. 

*,* WUIiftan Wliiialtcri oii« or ibc none Inroeil ncu of liia il«j, vu bom M Udlmo 
•a tlir (lAri&li of iSiimlc]r> m LanouLLre, iu I54T- If hi uotbcr «u ibrtfiiEor of Dmu 
NoirMl. Til l^r>r> Ji^ fntrml of Trinity CoZlej^. Ctmbiidc?. <ttil> is he nne m Ur«r i 
recdvtd Ht^rEl jmfmnenta of a Le»er kind* Ip \ty'^ \xt «ucoH<Jfid to tbc offii^fl i 
rcgius |irorM*ur of ilivluKjr hi ConihryKT' H« vru ixiJinUti^d Muter of fiC. Jciho'tl 
CoUefO, L'uubrktlff, Feb. i^, l^tiij ■ ukd nulirJ Lo Iiave br«fi ma^c Maltcr Of Trlmtf, J 
■« ibe pfriobt Leitrr khoirs, up«a Df. Kcili'v |>rcfrnu«fi(, bul wod uikBUiroHirul. lla 
4li«d Dc(^, 4Eb. IdfiA. of ■ CcTcr taJicn in a jonmt; lo London, at tho tiais lb? E^mbclb 
Artldovvrvdmirii up, Hit noiaiiuvere intcmd in (b« Chop«1 of St<Joha'«CoIlf^. 

C«V<r* id lii« Mmuwript Hwtor? of %U John'*, pji^Akint of Wliit*ker, myt, " H« 
dl«il youiift ii|^ forty-fcvGn f«im ; vtaa cIuiidu regim profeuor vben be w about 
tlalrtj-Dbc^ oui Mnttcr cf St, J<»1iu'* bcfvru be wA> furly' Ho lefc » nif*- «iiJ cJ^hl 
ehildcrap » ihtt ha mini hwe mferriftl jipelty ntrl^s for hs vu Iwiw ranrpicd ■ imd 
tvo fMn ioUmined brlttLtl bii QHrriA^i. Hfr and t}r. Chudert^n, Mulcr of 
£i]i«niUTl, Eii*nicd two fitUrf. Hn wim nfirOiii'liH vtlh biH aitrrini^ H; ^tnjilfTtoa* 
WLatD^cr tuub tnen tlougbt of It. I \m hurc il codM be no objection to tbe Soci«tj'f j 
far bo kcpi hi* wife inToirH, aooording t« a lauJftbl'; liijuhcilAn &f Qum UliHbc[h,1 
S«nero]]y obtrr^cd till tawnnU thr timei af UaurjiDlion. vbca all tblnni rin kuio mn- 
fujnou, aud fTitc« villi thoir de|i«Tiilaoci» ifcrc brought lo> t« Cbir diiturbauce of Scbo- 

Wbiuikcr'n libnry wu cholcf and viluabltf ; it appear* fTvtn a t#ctt«T of Arcb- 
bbhop ^\lLitg|ftp Doc. «t 1 j9&, tbat Ouoaik Blia«bctb bad % dnl^n <o p»car« It for 

Ryghl lionorablc iiiid my vcric gooil LorJci tliys Lcttre (*f Mr. 
DocUirGoodc Provoatc of the Kyng's College in Cambrid^ came to 
my h&ndethya day about xj.of theClockc^vhlch I hare been hoMe 
to mctofio heriii. D, Wljytakcrs k'arninge is well knnwcm in tbat 
Univcrailie, hoUic of his continuall readyuKC and wrytyng bolbe 
in Latin and Grekc: whcrof he liaUi dtdic&tcd dyvera unto y^mr 
honorable Lordahyppe- II y» (co\*eriimcnt hath iwirtly appeared. 

• Hit*. CoUflCt^ftdut. }E|U-priM«dblVer**r, 



jbj? Uie <iuietacs* of St- John's College duryng hys Mastcrwhyppc 

'there, llyspovertic, oeatt to hymnelffe, ysbeste knoweii unto me, 

in respect whcrof I have now for Uu^s tv/o years Uiken one of hys 

lBonne« into my kcpyngc. If for thcs rcspccta it myglit sccmc 

|g0(jcl to your honorable Lord«liyppe to procure unto hym tlie 

Ma$ter&hypp of Trimtw Coll<>gr in rnmhrulgitT, yf tlui plarp, Iiy 

Mr. n. St>'lU pncft^rment unto a Byfihoprick^ shall be Toyde, botr 

, maclie he, aud I for liy» hnke, *hnll Iw thereby bounden (over arid 

payiU y«>ur gixx! T.. former benefits], I run not oxpn^Kc In any 

ftb{>rt« wrytyng^^: and therfore endynge^ 1 cine ham-Iy rommend 

ryour^ood L, and nil yours, untii the moat bleHscd kepynge of 

Khtie Godde. 23». Apr, I5!JI. 

Yo' honorable Lordshyppa 

at CO mm a II dement, 

Alkxandkii Nowklu 
To the right boTiorablc, my 
verie good Lorde, the L* 
TVnsauror of EngUuide. 


Dr. Dffi to Sir Rahrrt Cotton, tipnn th/f jjrofiogfid rereiriuff o/ a 
nerratit J'rom ^im. 

[Cotton M^-JuliuA U. (II. f^. l^b. On^j 

WorahipfuU M' Cotton, 1 wrote a Letter unto you, lonij syncc, 
fts oonccnnng Antony CowIy> \our servant; who is often with mci 
utd in my house, commin;; and gouig. But t^till hateninj^ for 
ftdrise or information from his frendca (whom he supposcth to have 
dcit, or will dcalc shortly with your wurship) to know, how eytlier 
be may with yoor favor serve you : or with your favor listen after 
MMQC oilier mcftn^ wherhy to be liable to get his lining, Trudy 
&r my part I will rcccyrc none to my simple ftervyce, (man or 



voman,) unleast ttiey nome from tl(e}T Mooters or MUtrcssca with 
thcyr well liking of suchc thcyr departure, from tlicm. Tbcrforc, 
1 wold, by this bearer, gladly receyve your answer lkerei»» by word 
of mowth, or Ijy your letter. Ami so shall I l>c free from all 
offence giving to your wurship or any eU in this cauHe: as I am 
most free for coveting, desyring, or longing after my ndgliljour'* 
wife, or any servant of liia. Yf I might have n tliowsand pownd to 
fioUicite or procure any mans servant to forsake his master or 
mi:s1re!(3 and to come to me, or any other, I wold not do it, God 

I pray you that Mistrcs Cotton [your wurshipfull bedfellow) by 
you may rcceyvc my thanks for the good cliere she and you made 
me. To M^ Boston nnd Mistres Boston I wold full fayne have 
my cum mend alio MS done, thowgh some of them have ben looked 
for here, long synce, 1 trust her wurship hath not forgotten her 
ryme which she towght me of Christ Croati 

Thus I endc, heseching God to send us good, faithfull, discreat, 
and loving aervonts^ In what office or romc 50 ever they serve 
ahowt U9, 

Manchester, May 10, A** 15<>6, 

Tour very faithfull well wilier 

Jo[i?j Deb 


Sir John fyrnj/fhy imprigont'd %n fhf Tuw&r^ ttt Lord Hnrghlry ; cwntrt^ 
the detaliH qf hi» retmt uffent^ve hehaviovTy avd entreaCmg parthn. 

[Lanad. M», No,e2. art, 71. Vrig.^ 

*«* W« hA^bereabiindaDt proof tbnt QufTQ Elliabeth formed do faloft otimate 
of Sir John STnith'* bniUong cbanctcr, vhea ihc ordered hi« " l>uconnc4 uo 
Uio fomiB And cfftfol* of di»t-rfl sorla of Wpupon* '* to be n]>pr»4eiJ. Id iLc iutcrtal 
brLwren Out iiublintion nnd Ihr iliito or ll]« fnaent Lrttcr he pubUihtd inatbfr 
Wurk^ caLituJcd " fnstmction*, Obicrvatloiu , uid Ordeis MUiUrie ; rrriiUBite for mJI 


Cbitffl&Eat«i CftpUio*. Mad bi|lLer auJ tower men uf thugc irnJ OHicr-ri, lo undcr- 
»taAd> knciirc, aad obicrvv- Conxpnuil by Sir Jottn Smythf. KnigLt^-. I,if>1, iiml now 
fint inpriuf«i1 r^94." 4tOi II mat imprinted ia tbn TDlloniag jear, wliich impUcilhit 
llbiul ft nl«: it KM Dton of Bii tlnwiitflrj wurVp iDtt inorv pntJi^otfy rompoted. 

Tbi^iUfv orbUrdouo^n the Tuner it not pr»cirvGiL. Whinc<fr it Ciiuf, b« 
ptohftblj retired to Liltlfi B^Jdivo -, urbcre* ita vre gqthrr from ihti JaIc af blji l&tfirmenl 
In tkr pftridi rr^iirr, hr ilinl in ibi* niixitli of ^qitnnlifT l(U>7, 

Aown^ Ihc Moaaicripl* i» the Ubnirj of Lftintictb HnUce. Codd, t^HAibcrli. ^ I , 
V9 " Str Jobn Smythfl'i CDltectLOiii and ObsfrtfttioDB r?lDtrng to the (oaditioQ of 
Spiifli durinf hia rcBidcnrv tbere ;" chjpjlj in t^pMith* commeocring in IIT*. 

Kiglil Imnorablt*, my hiimSli' <liitj"(* unto yourfjonlslitp rt-mem- 
brerl, 1 wan not a little comforted tn utidcr standi, by Mr. Lch'ol^- 
naot of the Tower, yoar Lordships moat honorable and charitable 
villingneji, upon a modon that hee made unto your Lordship at 
my request^ for the ntlowinge of a nwin lo attend upon mrc, wliioli 
moHt ii4>ble and charitable dispoAitiott I most biimbly liecxccch 
Albnighty CJorl «o to rnorease in your LordKliipn hartff towards 
mw, as that the tame may redowude afore God to your hnppy- 
tics, and in tbe cipioion of the world to your grciit honor and con* 
tinrvall prnyKr*. and so miicli t^ my ^od, an that thp fuime may 
bee a continewaU bande and obli^tian, to binde me all tho dayris 
uf my lyfe, to bee a tnojit fnythfull and ;iKJiurL-d frelnd (to tlio 
uttermovt of my povcr) to your Lordship, and all yoiir houiie ; 
wbich belbeninto I tun wurcnomnn Hvingt ii able lo charge moe, 
tlait I have f>ylcd by any ingratitude to^rardK any mai), of any 
calling«, Uiat hath deserved welt at my bands. Rut here your 
Lt>rdship may jutttly huy unto moe, that diverge yenrc* «ncc her 
Majc'jilic called upon mcc frctm bc^yond the scqa, that your Lord- 
ship bath shewed very great fnend^hipp in my Kuitu unto her 
UftjtttJe, which 1 aokfiowled^e and confesae, that durinj^e the 
tyme tKat the Earlc of LciccKtcrr lix'cd, and some ycare or two 
after hi* death, your Lordbhip performed your frendahip in \'ery 
liunorable Korte toward* mee; hovbcit I nay that withtti these fits 
, Jttrca littl« more or lossc, up'>n octMi&ions and accident*, parlc-ly 
liytnee dedared unto your LonUhip upon Monday tho fourteenth 

CAUD. ftOG. fi 


lkttrh* op buikvnt lttbrabt urk. 

of this present moneth (in your CliRmScr at the Courte) in the 
presence of the two Lords of the Cownscll and S' Rohert Cecill 
your Lorddhips sonne, I grow nfrayde of your LfOrdahip^ doubting 
that upon your Lordships Indit^nntion th*re might upon some 
WTongc infomnacioti at one tymc or other ensue utilo me great 
trouble and danger, which 1 (Continually doubtinge have oflten snd 
often revolved tlie same in my mynde, in such sortc as at Colches- 
ter, becinge overtaken with a great distcm|>enilure of dyett, the 
same my paaaiou and lacke of love towarrls your Lordship, caused 
me to utter many disordered words nj^iin^t your Lord»hip, as I doe 
better knowe by the reportc of those that heard mee speuke them, 
then by my owne retueiribranoe that spake them, because at that 
tyme I was not myself, which procccJed of this that foiloweth; 
My use and cuatome of dyett of many ycarcs well knowne to 
manye of good calling (that are acquainted with the same) hath 
beene, eyther not to suppc but with bread, or with bread and 
rey»insj or with bread and honye alonCj or ellsc at the most n-ith 
two sodden or polched eggs, and that to avoyde the great wyndy- 
nea and paync of stomackc that I have been theJtu many yeares 
risited withall the night and day after that 1 have broken my dyett 
by eatingc any little quantitye of flesh orhshe; which after my 
coininge to Colchester upon Fryday the 11 ^ of this monetb in the 
aftcmoone rydinge into a fcild wher all S^ Thomas Lucasse his 
bande was at trayningc, I, after that M^ Thomas Seyraor antl I 
had beeholden the manner of the trayning of tlie bandc, did 
invite M*" Seymor and myself to auppc with S^ Thomas Lucasse, 
intendinge tbe next day which was Balterday the twelfth of this 
moneth (in the afternoone), after that wee had seen S' Thomas 
Lucasse his bande brought into forme, (by his owne promyBe and 
the promyse of Capteinc Ueynea) to have ryddon the same night 
to Ipswidi to have made mcrrye, and partely to have spoken with 
oae M'^Lanyc concerninge a matter between one M' Peninge of 
SulTolk and mee, that hee before had been of cownsell witliall. 
But now beehciuld how Qod (through my great and infinite 



■iimci ftnd hoke of foUoningc hb fpice] did vlaitU! mco iho 
same night; for Mr. Scymor and 1 suppingc \rith S*" Thcitno^ 
LucftAM and my Ladjrc, i did thorovglic much Udkc and (iis- 
ooorao of mat ten of Aimca, lo forgctt mvnclf luf tHat I 
did ttite n very i^c&t ucalc boUi of &ah and dc&li, allured 

^thereunto throu*^h tlic gp'catncs of the fare, whtiroijf cn-iLi<-'(i unto 
lot tbd same iii^Ut a wotidcrfuU ptiync in ray Ntontacke;, wliich 
would not autTcr raec to lake any rest, whcrap*>n rjsingc iii the 
fnortiinge very tymcly^ 1 sought to rcdrcasc and rofunuc the 

|«unc my distcmf^orflture uid peync of atoniackc, by diijtckinge of 
wynCj a&dwynfi upon wyne, and after goingc to cJinacrand cntingc 
oystCTi (largely) Avkd other mcat», and drytickii^gc ii'ynca dyvcrii 
tymea to disu-c^t and conifaTt« my sitvmacke, did Aet my liead and 
storiMckc in >ue)i a hcate» as thbt tvAcr I hod dyncd^ rydin^o in 
tlic vyrc into n fcild aocnc half inylc from Colchc»tcr, wher thcr 

rvcrc flom« fowvr score or a hundrctli at tho moit Pikcira aitd 
Archers {all the harqucbu^aicra and niuakettcira and oLhcr wcixponit 
of the soid band heeini^ >vith S' Thmnas LucoHse in another feiLd 
bcyondc out of uiy it'ight) I through ihc distcmperaturc t)i&t waa 
tben in my atomueke and liead, and upon the malice aiid niis- 
likif^ Uiat I bare unto your Lonlxhtp for tlie cauncs nfun^^^aid, 
did uae such drunken, frantickc, and disordered i^pecchcM ns 1 did 
Bcknowlcd^ unto your Lordship in your clnmiber upc»n Monday 
iJk' four'eeath of this prcst-nl nt nij^ht, uhieli Hpcfchf!i with ullicrs, 
huw and in uliat sorte I Mpuke thein, unto the »oldier!* llmt wore 
in tlte rancks next unto me, I proTent diat I at tJiis present can- 
not, if I mii^ht have a million of powiids with present llbertye, 
declare what they were, because that at ibit tyrae, through lackc 
of metnorye^ distemper atu re of dyctt, and passion of myitde 
linst your Lordship, I was net niyxelf; but tlLs do 1 hrttcr 

^iettieinber» that immediately aftor that I had spoken to the soldiers, 
Uier eanne unto mee one un horsebaeke, (who as I tliiucke was M'. 
Mannocke,! and sayd unto mce that 1 had done grent vrouge unto 
myaeiff and to tliose lliat were with mec, in tcmungv <"y I'lrd 


■pecdbo wladh 1 bid ipokn ift hA •vte, Ait » 1 
iMcnrd, tktftbetcUTtniadocbcTithitfaidlnnlnMtpnke 
Oamodmn and bcteUcalfaelBshOTdkr «f Mf boe, and Iks 
TfdnMK of rajne cTVi^ dd lliili that I mi m^wimf wiom, mi 
thcnlore het inAcA Uvt I vo^ ^pe to nr&e lime to bedd, to 
ikepe some two or tine Ikito» to nfannc mf dMttMfkcnCBR; 
«Incii Tonb aa 1 rtroetihy |Mtt »ec into talks fB OWp vfaere- 
cpoQ the sakl M'- Mmniiodte pot sponci to Us bone mad rode 
«raye from mc« « tot grot pie& Bii abau k «u ubjuftfid 
aguoiC mcr m your Lordsbipa Cbaniber, dM 1 faad k ppclmed 
iDteadon to stirrc the aoldjcrs to mutynye, that I doe tmcilT 
denfe, Ixcaiisc I doe best knowr tnyne cnrae tbia^ti For if 
tfacT had been mnj socfa gvill and andatifiiH nifuag e inince «> to 
have done, then I mithl hare taken a Eane gmtcr oppuctnnyttc 
the datye before, vhich vis Frrday m the aftemooac vbcn aa 
afortadd jJl S' TlMmaa Looaae Us baade ven tbere togg^lhfr b 
one ft^d, and 1 ryAi^ moiieeat diaa and be h gl fe y tbem an 
hoare or an bonre and a haUe toceftlbert bot at tbat trine I wu 
sober and m vay C9 dUtempered aikd tbcrfbrr myself, bot the next 
day iLfU!r spfalcingc such disordered wofda aa 1 hare before men-* 
cioiied to some three or (pwre score or aa tbey may bee tefmcd 
some tvro doxen of Pilcein u>d Arcbet? (all the haiqadmsMffS 
and itiuskeldem beetng in anotber feild ont of taj aigfatj aH uhen 
that doe Unowc mee aoay eaaytf see in what pore tsLinge and 
state I was tlirougfa the ^sten^iciatare and scddenta b efara 
dcdiired, and I doc farther assuredly thincke that thcr is no maa 
that dodi well knowe zxtee, thai will beeleere that 1 would (if I 
bad not l»cen distempered by sorfctt and drinke) ryde lobbinite 
and davi-in^ to rayle mt yoor Lordfhip, and to seeke to mutyne so 
snmlc a number of ^-eomea of the richeat A&d oldest of S' Tbonaa 
Locaase his bande, wherof ruuU etiv ;gc elbc but asvured 

tmnblea UDto mTM4f. For if^^^^. ■ -' fntencron of any 
sucb great crill as was otijected^^^Bt . not w igooraiit 


AD<I fooliefa^ but ttiat 1 would Unvc caum^ nil tlic HcrvatmtK that 1 
bad, Mid otitcr discoitlcntcd pcopli- tlml 1 could have jtrocurcd to 
have mctt vitU uiec there?, niid would have further UHcd ftuch 
pnictizea an eythcr nuldcmeit^ ^cntlomen, or yeomen in tymcs pout 
hATT prnctizcd fur such eviU jJurpoHes, of the uhidi no dioji ia ' 
Mc til chalet' met; tlial T umsI uiiy^ but oirlye a HorLe of fuolivlt 
ktid Ijcnscly words through rny great disitriiipcraturc of facud and 
itoiuache and jMiv^iuu an aforvsici<l, utterly voyde of any further 
ev'dl iniencton : bcc»vdi-s M which, if 1 hrul buruc uiw »uch uiidu* 
tifuU iiITe^on to the Quceiic mv Sovereign Ladyc, 1 ihinckt' it is 
very wcU-k«owne tu your Lordship, an bILhu (i> all t)ie head- 
honnighs of Harwich and many utiicrs, thni in Lht- bcgiiiniitg of 
August wBstwtlvcmoncth, after S^'Fhillippc Parker and S"^, Arthur 
Ileuiiif^ham, the one n dtr])utye Leivetcnuiit of SufTulk and the 
<>l}ier of Nurfolk, hnd by my hijlp thruufch mudi adt>e emharked 
the tvo mutyned hnnds uf SulTulk and Norfolk and wore with nil 
tfaeir retlnev departed froEo Harwich into their countryc&r and I 
onlyc without any other Knight or gentleman of accomptc thero 
left alone, and stayin^e at tlie request of tlie hcadboroughes to 
appease otlicr mutynyes which they ihen doubled upon the 
of the Essex bund wouhle happen, as after that they 
i oome it fell out indeed, in such terryblc sorte, a* that they 
did not on1ye disetnbarke (in the night seaRon) the other two 
baads of Suffolk and Norfolk before embarked, utterly refuMnfre 
Co goc beyond the »eAs, but &liso meant to have snckod the townc> 
and to have Diarched fonvard toward^ I^ndon, atirringe upp the 
most diseontcntcd people of ihe triwues urd villn^r* thcraboutto 
Uke their jwirLs ; who were then ready in dyvcrsc parts [as I Iieard) 
and expected (he Kanie, as much to the offence of her MujcsCie 
and tlie state as they coulde; in wldch tyme of their mutynye, 
becingc aJl wenponed and armed, they made open and earnest 
ffquest unto mce to bee theb- Captej-ne and dieifeteyne, and that 
they would aU foUone and live tttui dye with nu^e, which I most 
ilttUfully refuted, oitiurtingc them by all tlie wayes and mcanea 1 


Lfrrsfts OF ftMiSBsrr umABT itsit. 

aad tbat thc^ ^obU obt;^< 


and to enbafke tfww i cJ f o n^T^ ^ S*^ vi bcr 
■ cnrio e hejaodt tht mas ; whkh after nmnj tcrrtble rvfnnlh both 
to Aor csptoDc ashd mcr, I bf die bdp of ADni^tf God (widk 
the diffi^enee, lAill, «ad bdusfrye vliichlitaedlifidenfaarfcethaB 
w]}, u ftH the bcjidbomaghes d Harvieh uid oiben tint -mrs^ dwr 
lookrr* on wiD testifv^ ; vhirh my roost loysll uid datifbfl wr r i ci 
pcribcmed to b» Maj«atie at that tyn^, 1 thinrke la taadmooj 
jnam^h^ of the frcat dntyc, affeetioo, and lore tliot I have i 
hamk tD hfr Maj^itfie and the SlaO^ (notwiUitfaBdiD^ vy gnat 
dintcoipcfitiirr obyerted agunft m«e at Co kliaataX BmiijJia 
vfaicfcAat mjatrricer ao dotifullTr and happrln fj et f of m cd, I 
tmat jrmir LordiKtp of your nohle dtapoaatioD (all pawoai of hate 
lor avy great oAmoo to> yoor Lonlship «rt asyd^} viU p«t her 
Majtatwini«neaihnnee,thaitwo«nn(trvtrnK^ l,hccingboeyond 
At WGUL, Atmswtmd in the de£nkc« of her honor with mr nrord hi 
my hande, and a ihird tjrme far the htinor o/ the Fii^1t«h nadon 
with the danger of my Mt, ns her Majestte henu^lf bath h^anl, and 
11 'wtU knavQe to many yet liringe both of the Eo^bh and of 
fartODe Nations. Alba I thmchc that ynnr Lordship doth wv\l 
kaom, that her Maj«atie odlingc me from beyond the uiaA bj 
(her agent that thm vmst) M'. Fcewilltama^ as alto by &^ Heary 
Leas Letter? in her name, that I prfscntlr came home, refdainge 
Tcry great entertayneakents that 1 waa oftfrrd by certeyne gmat 
and forreync Pnncea, and further that her Majeatie ^Ddii^ and 
employinge tne to the Kincie of Spa^-ne (tome three yearva after) 
that I did beebave mT«-1f so dutifdly and diUi^ently in her 
aerricc there, as that 1 did not only effect a great pait of the 
causes contejrDed in mr inOnictions, but altto did maka her 
Majestic privy to the wbtdc state of Spiyne {both withm and 
without) as M'. SecreUf>' WaU&ingtitm one night at anpper in hh 
chamber at Grrcnwich did aehiKnrled|:e in the lieanng of my 
Lord Willoughbyc tbtt nore la, and nf i!ie Clerk* of the eovn* 
seill and s>guei that were ther at auppcr at that tyme, and partley 

LBn*Etie or bhinext LrTsitAftir mk!«. 

vXino tltc same dotli appcATC by the notes nni writinge!i tlint (your 
Lordship doth well knowc) were delivered about tliis tyme twelve 
m<mcthc, tu M^. Doctor Jwneu of tho Courte to translate out of 
SpMiish *nd otbcr languages into English i bccsydes other »ernees 
tcre at home o( smaller moment vrlncli 1 omitt : all which I trust 
(bjr your Lfordship.i mort honorable mformftcion) will induce her 
M>jc<lic very veil to understand wid knowe^ that my ^i^r^rcd 
Bpeecties at Colchester proccctlcdrofTiotfange ellje but by diat<;m- 

itorc or OTcr cutinge and drinckinge. But now wheras 1 
ader»t»nS^by^f^ Xelvetenjuitc of the Tower, Uiat }^ur Lunbtbip 
re<|uired liita that 1 should ai^ulfye unto your Lordship in respect 
of the nio«t greivous and infnmoua words that I u^cd of your 
Lordhlup to the aoldltn* by Culche?»ter, what trcwtoita I could 
objcet against your Ijordship that yow had cunimitleU, I fur 
anawcorc doc »ty that 1 kuuwc nonc^ but doe vcrye wcU knowc 
ibat yuuf Lordahip in Uie whole counM! of your CovnriBellorabip 
■ticl ntajittf^uige uf alTsiTrrs under her Majestie, from the be;gin- 
Dinoc of h«r reiKnc licthcrunto, haUi performed them highly to the 
pmysH! uihI lioiiur of yuur aelf and all yours uiid to the henefjte of 
her Majestic and the Commonti-ealtli. And therefore doe €f 
myself very willingly offer to make satisfaction unto your Lord* 
ship tlieUiatstvTchaniberdayeof thist-ermc, in pubiiquc audience, 
by confev^ing of my great falts and misbehaTiors comitted to Uie 
oflenee of her MajeMiie aiifl to the great wroiige and undeserved 
iojurye of your Lurdi&bip, tJirough the great hcute, fume, and dia* 
temperature of drineke and pasBion that waa m mc< at that tynic, 
cravinge therfore (mo*t liLmbly] partlon. 

AnJ 1 doc further o&cr th»t if it nuiy pleate your Lordship to 

bee a meane unto ber Majcstie for n fynall punishment, to banishe 

■ me out of all |>art9 of tl>e u'orlde and her realmca to mjne ownc 

^ouae ill the countrye^ never duringc my Me to depnrle %'rilhout 

tpeciall licence aboTc one myle from Cbenec, neyther on 

ckc nor on fooie (Kast, West, North not South), upon any 

'■ panisbment that shalbee allotted unto me, (and tliat the 



nther becaoae I myself, ftowc aftA- fba diszrftM. Ime ao te^n 
to mort or to bee ieene in «ay piibfiquc pUcr bi the vorid froai 
myne ownc hmue) ; bat ts for «r»y fyne of mocTC I am do wayes 
able to pay, bcnu4« Ihc rcrcrmn of all the Uuid& th«t I have 
renkayninge, vbich is my vires joyntaiY, is solde after her death 
and myne. I will then set dowTbC heer ia the Toirer another satis- 
faction in wntinj^ vliich your Lordahip shall see and oonttder of, 
for the uttermost rtstoringc of yoor Lofdahip to your booor. by 
nie hy dtsleropemture and passion detracted ukl tooched, tnd 
iixt same beeintre coppyed out in direne copp)~ea 1 will send 
them (the Brst market day after my deUveryc out of Uie Toarer 
and baitishmentl by one of mrne ovmc men (or othenry^ as it 
riudl please yotir Lord^ip) to Colchester, there to bee xet upon 
d}Tcrse posts and comers of the towT>e, wheras ihey may bee 
publiqucly readd by all that liste to reade them. And if oU thi«, 
my punishment by close and rery ehar^ceable iDapriaonrnent here 
in the IWcr, and my ovrne vo\m\tiity confes-iion in the StftiT 
Chamber, in puhlique audience^ to the diacorcringc and ftcknow- 
ledgcin^ of my ovnc misbchfiviors and distemperaturea, with the 
furcscid baniahement and vritingn to bee sett up at Colchester, 
with all my dutifuU aemcei allso by race performed in former 
tymes lo her Majnatie, cannot bee accepted of nor worke my r^ 
mi».Mon Mid good; then I doeevidentlyc see that her Majestic, who 
of her oniie incHnacii^n Imth allwayes been ray good and gratiout 
Sorenu^ie, is through your Lordships implacable hatred towarcli 
mce, greatly incensed to my utter niyne, wliirh if it bee so» then 
I thinckc it icood to notifye unto your Lordship tliat I dn^ re- 
mayne resolved by the jcraee an<i helpc of Allmighty God, 
patiently, resolutely, and amKtnntly, to Aunsv-eare formyscir^in 
ftueli sorie, us all men are hound to dr>e, that doc Inv*^ the pm»- 
perityc of their Prince, Country, and Nation^ resting^ and wrpon- 
mge my»elf, in all llie rest, wligly upon the infinite goo-lne« and 
peat meiey of Allmightye tttii! ; imkT t» '-.-^ UUmwfi ymir l^rd- 
abip a^yiw, ukd agayne» and maiiy rvvfir, to sett wiile^ 



iJl piiMiioTi of hate towfkrd.^ mc, antl hy CHnatJuii Chjiri^o and 
hcroyicall conip&aaioti^ to winnc ntc ognync to bcc one of your 
moat affcctionaic tknd ixt(»urc<l frcm<U to my power) I most hum- 
bly tftkc my Icft^c : 

Prom the Tower thU 26tli of June 1S9fi. 

Your Lordabips most boundcn in nil dutyc, if 
it m&y plcuflo yow to p&rdon me, and to 
winn^: bcr Moje^itic!! gratioua pardon und 
favour towards meo, for my good, and y«ur 
Lordahipa great honor and cvcrlastingc 

Jo I Smytiik. 

Post ncript. And furtbermori*, bc^ocauNo it is ]tl<oly ynouc;bc 
tbat upon tbo very amale afi'cctioH that your Lordsbip may justly 
beare unto vaee in rcapect of my late oiTence agninnt your Lord- 
sbip, yow will tbinckc ihut my allvgiufion of (bate m per aturc, 
vhcrof proceeded my misdemeanor, could not bee aucb aa I have 
oUoaged, 1 thouf^ht good bo noCifyc unto your Lordship, that in 
Chritttmufl waa two ycarc*, by my like diaurdcr in catingc and 
drinckingc too much oni^ night at Kupper, and seoidnge tJjc next 
morning to rcformc tiji; ^aine by drinckingc of wynca ; it not onlye 
brought me« the aamo day by tbo visitacion of Allmighty God for 
tQY sinnca to upcako wonderfull idI«Jy, l>ut tAiro it brought Aodcync 
dcAth itaclf upon mc for three ^unrtcrn of an houre, in such aoita 
aa 1 l»y so <imd iind cold that they thought to have byd me by 
th« wallc», but that it pleased Albfugbty God contrary to all 
humane cxpcctacion to restore mee a^yne to Ij'fo when all they 
that ntood by did looko Icflit for it, aa my Ladye Suaan Boulohcr, 
Capteyno Twittye, and diverse other gentlemen and gcnttcwomca 
Uiat were thw present can tetitifye, 

Jo, Smytub. 



rsTTsns ov kuinrnt litbrary mbk* 


Richard Carev? of Antfwny to Sir Robert Cotton, 

[Cotl. MS, JutiutC 111. fol. 30h. OrJ^.J 

*A* RicliarJ CitCH of Aalhony wm the ton ait Tliamju Cvtv, Je«craded frona AUx- 
UtdfiT tkird MD of Sir Nicholas Carrw cf HldroEn. 11? wns born m 1^55^ paH w»> «pnt 
At ft very cnrlj Bg« to Chriit Churcb, OxforJ. H« aJWiWiI«, Id cuiopletiou of U* 
atuiUiUt eiilQreU of Uw MIflJli? Templu. 

Thtf Wcrk bjr whioli U« in prinnjmUy knoiro wu his " Siirvry of Cirnivftll,** 4tOp 
Lonil^ tC02 ; reprintfil in IT2Jh with the adiUtion of *' An Epistle conocrniac tho 
ExocUciacieB of the BogliMh toD^c l *' agiia 4Ed. Loiiil. 1769 ; and Ufittj/ bjr Francll 
(^r4 do DuDitnnviIk 4[o. LoDil- 1^1 U To th» Uit editiun Ji portrait of Cvc" it 

The Survpj of CarnvAl] htd hten pni[iinHl lonjE bpfi>n; its pnbllt^Rtirm, Carndpa, At 
lh« tad of the aceouDl or CamwhU in tb« Ant edition of bla Brituuis, 15@C, np, 
" Sed bvc pUniui et plroiutf doccbit Richardui Chtvw de Antoniit nan minu* %ttuKti^ 

upkiKlorCf (joiiu virtnlv ct doctriOft nobllU; qui hDju n^onu Deacrijitioncu UUortt 
■pEcicr vt iiuaoil tcnuc climM.** 

Ctnw jJio publiiihod a Traxokilon of TuioU *' Godfre? of DoUoIjcne." 4to, Load. 
1A94i and in 1A96, a TranBlation (from Camilli'i Italiaji) of tbt* '* Ctamrn de la. 
gcnioH : tlio RxnmiaAtioP of Mpa't Wit»*^ by Hunrti^. roprlotcd la 1604- 

The Miv»ni. LyHOiii, la tUdr Mfl^ua OriiitauU fuT Ci/ruHvll^ aoUuo xht Itblet of 
blnrk luarblD for lifm atiU reiruiln^ng In f ho North aiale of the Church of A-Othofij, 
wilh thii Inionption 

A'c. Corrtf-tfrm. Afll- I55fi; Paci$prrmU CVnu^. FTc^Konw 1586 : in rt 
miUt rtffiat nUea/ttnci. IStfGt i« CuiUff. Mti^uariiir^m titci. IA99. Oft- 15^0. 

followed by »i>me EngtieJi vrrtUt made by Carew immediately before hli doaUi, Not* 

Gth, ItiirO ; which worfi artyrwurde foanJ la hit pocket. 

CaibdcD wr^tc tuotbcr Latin Epitaph for him, piUitnl, with otbvn, it the end of 

Gal. Camdeoi EpUKitv, 4tg. Loud. 1G»), p. 1D€. 

8ir» I preie yau ge^ve m« l«&ve to impart unto you n\y greefT, 
that my so remote dwelling deimvelli mee of your swcete aiid 
respected Aniiquarum society* int(j vhicli your Vytidenesse to- 
wardes mee and grace with thera made mee nn Ertmnc^, and unto 
whicli [notwithstanding &o long discontjnuance) my longing deatre 
laycth n Cantynuall clayme. 



1 h^ATcEe by my Brother, lliat in the Utt tiueenes tyrae it wj« 
lylceli^^ Ut hare rweived nn eslnblishmr-Tit unci c?xtnuir<lynme 
fftvonr from Anndne great personages) and me thifickps thnt under 
BO leATned a King thi* plant should luther growc U> Ms full height, 
then quaillc id Uiet Springe. It importer no litle disgrace to our 
Nation, thnt others ha^e fto many Acadeui)'ea, and wee none at all, 
esf>eic]ally neeing «ce want not choi<:cof wytten every waye tnatche- 
fthl(? with theirs, hoth for nnmber and sufficycncf . Sutch n woreke 
u worthio of yonr Koticiution & indevour. & yow owe yt to yam 
own« feme, & the good of your Countrey ; but of lhi» inough. 
I lightcfl of Iftt^ uppon n Roolce intitled The Romainei of a 
greHter woorke, which was by tlii* Statyoner super*icribeH on the 
baeke {for the more eiidecring) to Mr. Camden, and dedicated by 
tbe AucChor to one of your nnmc, and (an I thiiirk) to your aclff, 
mi>d 1 am induced ao to thinck becausea man sliall hnrdly fynde any 
Other to coiicurrc %o jurapc with yow botli in namej & afleocior tO 
AntiquJtyei. I know not whither the parties meiayoTiing our 
biniJye, and my atlQ in particuler^ hare inveigled my judgement 
(if at least I posseHs any),and under the debt of gratitude extorted 
my liking, and commcndaHcui of his woorcke, but I verily suppose 
that Itia owno woorth desenfes the lyke in every other niaii^s cen- 
auro; and yet 1 must confcsiso, I nm tainted with a sparcke of 
Envye or rather applaude to his good fortune, which, beyond 
myne, hatli avsiated his industne with the sight 8^ use of ao 
many antiquitycK^ and antiquaiianx ; amongst the rest hi« doriva* 
tion of the English nance doth not plca4e me least, yea it drawoth 
me into a farder desire tliat he would pToietnite thiM beginnyng to 
a thorough aoc!om]>tisbment in all our other woordcs. It may per- 
bapa accmo a barrayne and cUstost^uU subject, but surely it will 
prova both a profitable ^ pleaKaunt lalHmr. prulitable in learning 
tlie true nieaning of most woordes by the derivation from their 
txriginalla, snd through teaching, how by the warrant of those pre* 
oadentes, & tlic rule of eongruitv, wee mny Htilt enrich our lan- 
guage witli olhera of the like gnrbo, plcaaaunt by beelioiUding 


i.Emikft uw Euivx:t;T litkaahy mkn. 

thfl Turietjr of our »tcire, & by oli^erving our ^^'ittie &nd aervuiE 
mumer of deducing, whcitr yd some art dircctlii: fctclied f roro the 
Utinc, «ome bjr wayc of the frcncb, some c&ry ft divers sense from 
that in their fountaine, tc in some we buylde others not expreasable 
ill their mother tongue; if yow uho, Sir^ axry the like opinion, I 
pmc that yow wilbc pleased to ikrdcT the modoii> and in the mcane 
tynie to panlon, if not excuse tins my botdenes»e> Who rest 

att youi service, 

iL Carew 

of Antony. 
From Antony this viith. of April! IGUS. 

Of tbo AntiqQArian Collpi^ or Society neDtloacd in thu Lfttor, d wttt M lA 
Etiahird Cu-itw'i Efiitaph, m arnj»l« Ac^outit will b«* fouDi) m the [ntrmlufttion to the 
flrtl Vulumr of thu ArchnuEojcia tif tltt prucot Sucictj tft Aiitii|U*FEct. 

Tlib rnjiftsii SticiLTT, Uoitev«r, cuwot moc Ua p«i])|ff«c up Ur Uja( of Ibc time of 
Qucfn Fhub«lh. 

TIjc Htirtdan M«Dateript 70&5 oootAidt h imall aht^H of McAonnda, in tie htnd- 
writing of Humphrcj lA'aakj, q(€ fevr Mertiagfl at t Tavern id ITCTi Ibc rvftl^nn of 
tbo prNtnt 8<wiaty. 

*■ TrMaj, A Dtcembcr 1707- 

" Mr- Talmnn, Mr. Bnff ford, and Mr. Wanley. metE totcther, tad acnod to meet 
iDgtlliGr raob Frtdajr, in the evening, by all at ttug clock, upon piin qS forfaitnn of alt 

" Agreed thai «c «tU mfct each Friday nigbt it tha Bear Tavern In the Stnnd, till 
m akall orJrr olhcrvita. 

" Friday UDttemher 1707, 

*' Agmid (bat xU<^ hoamna of iJila Soclvtj *hnX\ be lifniird to tbe object of Antiqui- 
tlei, and more partlcuiiirlj to luch tbLugi na may lUuatratc, or relate to tbe lliatory vt 
OfNl Urtcaln, 

" AgrppiL tbflt hy tlie lulitject of Anli<|Qiiiri mud Hittrir7 nf GroT DriUin. w« nndpr- 
aliiFid Nnch tbiD|[a ualy na Bball prect^da tho reign of Jamoa the Tinti King of England. 
Provided tbat, it|»i>fi any ticw dijtcoircry of antienl Colna, B»abs, Sopulchreat or olber 
mnaiDB of antJoDt vorkmanibip, which may becomoiQaicated to u«, vo reaervc to our- 

avIvD* ttn lihrrty of oonfumni upon tb«<nt- 

" Agreed thai the buaincia af tbia SotiflCy shidt bo adioamcd. or broken oS, at Ten 

ot thd Clock nt thr TurthrAL 

" Agreed Chat, «hi)c we tiicct oC aTavcnit do pernon aboil be obliged to pnyfor more 
than ho tball call fur. 



Pt&lpT proiHW* PcUr le Nrnc, Ktq.torn Mciobcr of this Socl«tr- 
" JftiioarT 2, 1707 -e, 

" Mr. he Nne euuv, nmf hrnufhl Mr, Uolmca u a mtmber of thii Sciclcty, 

*■ A^rvflh} ibktdii ibe f«;ufr wt will mtvi at the* You n^ Div«ITaf«rn Ln FkiftBirevt, 

" Mr Uolfdff iirojiUHcj M', Mkdoi far « mfrmbpr of thi« Socblf. 

" Mr, Lr Nctc propa»*(J Mi, UtlUlry far ■ mfltnbfir of UiU Sooiftr- 

" Mr* Wiiil*j propOB'd Mr. Elrtob for a inemJicr uf tliia Jitkcirtf. 
** 9inaiur7 ITOT-O. altbc Vaang DiTelTarvm. 

" Mr. Ilolw rcUtAl IhttK hn lurl >]Kikvn tu Mr- Mitdw. wliu would wilUni^ly <:oinu 
hilWr if hi* h«dth vould pDrmiE' 

" Hr- L« Ke*c reUlH tiui he had tpoken lo Mr, Bvltdrr, who «dd that he lud 
liid dottD an public buancB. but tbit he wgvld coxae to our MvcEbgi ■> occubiu 
iho«U fcrre bin. 

"Hr. Wdutcjr rdalvd rri>iii Mr- Eliilrih ilinl hn hu gruC biuino* li> be dunv <bltt 
CTtBinft but th^l he will take uiotkrr EiiD« |o fqimC ui. 

" Mr Le Neve propoied Mr. Stcbblnj; and Mr litre formemberB ofthJi SocictT* 

" Mft Hkd nmtr briiifE proposed hy Mr. I^u Neve, 

'* AfTCcd that Mr. 1^ Neie be dc»red to b« i;hunniD till our number ahali nceej 
tfii > bu[ In vmtt he cumot «ttend| he itull beat Kb«rtj ta appuiat «DefUtjuut of the 
itthtT wiFinbm of thJ* Soelei^ . 

" Agreed fbat no p«rMD >h«1l bo adroitisd bto tbli Sodctj without bdaji pnipouvd 
U oa« or ilior« prccRleiit Morlinip> 

" 16 J^. 1707 -e. The YouriE 1>- Tttieni, 

" htwst, Hr. Lo NeTe, Mr, T«!tui>u, Mr. lEu«, Mt. Uolme*. Mr. Ut^Cunl, 

'■ Mr L« N«te propoicd hlr^ Sindf raoa for a meahor or thh Boatij, 
" S3 Jan. IT":-*!. Th* Y, D. TiTrm- 

*' PrawDti the tninc mi at lb« lotl Meeting. 

•' "Twaa piojiovifd lliat uiy Meiubo- in lbJ> Socidj ml^ht be ftrc la make kriuAii 
Mf deobta fbM nuf arii* in bii rradJn^ of ol<l KooVt, oharT^r*. fki*. m nrdi^r In fpefV^ 
Mtirfarcion. if any other membrr ■hoidd hiiv« tnelt wUb further \l%\il ia luch <ASb. 
TbU wti acrreil tu» 

"TSinaa furlber propo«*d that if any Member fhouhl bapprn to make anjr olitena- 
tloa la hU roaillng or rtBe>arehrB of ADlL^uili«e, wbkb he ^buuld ibink oiif bt bd af toe, 
\0 nafht h* tnt to oonmiumoatr ihe mme. Thii wax nliii a«n:ei1 to- 

*■ Mf. L« NfM nmrnuninUd 1 «Urt*r c»f Wilcfun Karl of Warwick, wberpin dao 
Hmm/A «re crfdaised by tbc fgUavlng wor^ pel ^ualuor iolidot : a cbarier of Rkberd 
4a Hdmci DOOiUble U> the Ktng of EngUnd (j. «. of Nonnarirtjf ih»ui Htr lime of 
K. Hen. If.) with ihr, ti^mrt of mniij ccninent tritnemie* ; 411 iin]irrf<^^ct Rdll nhcrfiin 
w«rv nuBj kbtorlcal draivinfi rvUliiiK 1^ thv lifn nf S'. (vLithlur altbaC of ('myland. 
wkh the cifedowacat of thit MoPAatery, done about ibe time of Rbbard I. ; a Ucde- 
KoU of P raywi in LatiOt wbereia a Meraber ohierTed ' (hat thj« jugatJon \^ Ih (aa in 
Hbcr pl«c«i) lobr rtad|i*aAv*Baj and an loatrutncnt dated A.D. 1^7, vbercbj John 



Bcrr. hu vifD tod moLhvr era mule pftrUkcn of oU the tpfritiuL bduflU obUm»d bf 
thd Pr*jrj* sail otbc; labour* at Uc Order of lh« Kricr»-PredicftOti ^i. P- DuuiiaiCiOi) 

" PrtHDt, th« Httfl H At th« Int MMtiDg- 

" 6 Pobnurr 1707-8, 
" Prctcnt, Mr. Talmui, Mr. U^tv, Mr- fiajtford, 

'* n FdbniiLrT. Uin-"- 
" rrcvfliu, Mr. Le Nv*«, Mr. Hue, Mr. Talwaa, Mr> Uolui«. 

" ?n rtfbniATf. 17(17-^^ 
" Prmnt. Mr. U Were, Mf. «■«• Mr, TdmiiD, Wultfjr. 
»' Winlffir pfOl»a«jd Mr. A. D. Bowcbier far a mcmbrr of ttiu Society. 
" Mr, Le Novc tui icmc biuinea nouJil aot permit hiui to bo |>rMRDl «1 imt 

tlrrv WiDlf?^*B M«marmniiA And. Th^ Mbutu of ibn prcwmt Sodcty bogin JaanAr^ 
lit, 1719. 


iSJr Tiiomtu Bodtty to Mr. {a/fertoartb Sir Robert) Cotton^ rt^nind- 
ing him of Ms eid expressed intentwn to tissist in fitmukiftff the 
lAbrary which Sir Thoniaa was founding ai Oirford, 

[Cntt/in. Ms. JultoiC. tn. foL Lib- Ory.J 

*,* Uke All tbe LcUtra of Sir Tliumu BodlrT priatcd ly Beiunft \a the Rtllqala 
Bodleivnia, Ibli bju tbfi dijr of the tnoutli ualy for iu Atltt. But u it ja alilrMiil to 
Mr. CotloD. vlio did not rrceiTC LDljcbthood till tfao irriTol of Jimr-i (btf Pirvt in En^J 
bndt w« ma]r Bofttj uauoid 1601 u Iba f««r, Ir wu b 1^97 tb«l Sir Tlraaoa 
BohUoj projected tii« fouDd^lioa of JiU library, uid U w opened to pabllc ii*f iK| 


I vas thrioc to hiixe scene you &l your houMN but liad not Uic 
hap|)e to finde you at home. It was onely to knowe howc yoti 
bold your old intention for helping to fumlshe the Univcrsitiftj 
Libraric. where 1 purpose, God willing, to place nil the booli 
th»t I have hitherto gathered, within these three weekes. And 
whatdoerer any man ^hall ronf^n^ for thf ittnmring of it, Kurhe 
order is mkcn for a dcu'c memorial of bis giftc» a^ I am persuaded, 



Dt any way rccenrc a grcaU^r PontPnlnent ^f any tiding to 
, ntbenrisG b<tstowed, 'ITius muche 1 thoughts to signilie 
unto J-OU-, tnd to requcHt^ you to liear liowe I rest afTectcd. 
From myhouM* June G. 

Y^* to use in 

nny occaiiion. 

To my voTshipfuU frend 
M. Cotton. 


TIm fotloiilnc «nlrj of S{r Robert CoUan'i bflnffACtinnofMannBCTEpt*,!! thUtTm#t to 
l&C Bodleian, bai b«cQ kkdlf ooDHnuniciLtcd to (he KdtroT by Ihc R«v. Dt. BuidlneU 
[ftoni Ibe DoiutioQ Book of thv l.tlimrr. Tlic ItrsiaL^r liiVLnf; bcwu made up tt • 
r laifr period Ulu the DoaftiioiL, wUJ account For Sir Hcberx Cottorj being DAmctl lo It 

*' Dmarn Roh. Cotton Conninfftonensi* MiiitU* 
OffifBoi HoDuliie qa&dAm in 0«nc«. Kxod. Ac. MS. 
D* iiti« SuaConiEs Vol. fo. MS. 
UcUAtia« Jc&Im Kllsiom). fo. US. 
l^hTfrrl't* &tfiiionc«H tinfiuBt cEiuactere Suonlco. fo. MS. 
A^QMIaU AMbronii, llviiiiiT Annolmi, ot aEicirmn div^tn, Trthd. fo- Mfi. 
lAv rutOMU>. 4" MS. 
Pvndbn CoDMkntiv. 4* US, 
ronu^ Pncnm. /f«A, «- MS- 
Sb*w, N<fcenlM> Job, &c, fffi. i* M3. 
Qwuor Ef*os. 4*^ MS- Anli^ibijq- 

GflmMtica qmidam Uofiu Hfb- MJi. Item, Snjtfarr Pirchoa; «t qne E,Anrnn 
XM, H8^l Svpbttr ben Sim; ProT«rU& qovdiiiu et EpintoliB; oam dik TneU 

XX tx. 

Coautai to isaac Casauton, aacompanyiru; (he Preaeni (^fa nao 
edition of his "BHtmniaJ'* 

■«* JUikop Nkolaoa nU.lfd dot UUIognpbora «b« he »Ubd b bit Rngliab Ublo< 
ricd Libnrr, probab^ upon Anhmj k Wood'! tuthont]r,' that Ctmden publubtd tdl- 

• AUwD. Oion. tt. p. 341. BUh-b otttlon. 



tiom «r hU Bntaanu io lASf ind 1A83. No such eiKtiOQi hnfl been ■c«nt isdtbav 
ciui be no doubt L}iaI Qic rttilJVD of lA^^ nu Iha fir>l, tlM dcdicttioo briof datrd 9d 
May thai jrcu, not only In tbdl, buc [a Ibo lubtrqtUDt ttUtlani darlug LorJ BiufUcT'i 
Ute, to wLom th* «4rk w*i ftd4]r«t«i>J> If ^Br1)ler eioJetioo be waiitLii^, C«Dd«B ham 
bimuilf Bupjiljpil it JQ Ibi? '' MviDonbilia d« leiptg " At iLe taA oi Smitb'i «ditWD of 
the Utt«ht bclfvceu Ikhn md bin fri«Dd«> «hcn, ftt p. «5, bo mj*, '< I^HS, Blil7AK- 
KiAU edidi."* 

Thfi Ani( edition of thv " Brltiuob** wu ■ iqusio iMrU^o. Tbo tvoQadt ocmrlj of 
th* vuna *isr. pub|uti#d in IAv7. hw^A thu vddiriotiB tntAnptrfd . U^A thti S&idq 

Alphtbft upon R iiniETc pRcr. «ud ku Ncconapanicd by ad iodci, Tht ihirdj " frr'io 
rMOKiritt," wu imblubed in lAffO. rbr fourth wu in 4to. 1594. TIjv ftfCfa* dedioUd 
to Uuecn Kljiibpth, i}»pt«r<il in 4U}^ UiOO : uid 1» tbe llf«t wblcb truU of CoLnt. IE 
cDutiuuB uuQ Plnle uf Btilub Couu ; aud live of BomaD reUdsf to DiitAla, fkoju CUa> 
dint ro HonoriaA, Thnc PUIpb, vilh « M«p nf tCnj^lnnd iti ibn lir!f-piijfe» hio Mtpi> 
000 of BriUiti under thtf RvBian*, the Ottii^r tiiidfr Ebe Soxonit, * Vt«w of $(i>ne- 
bcn^, «ud t Mjip of trolitnd 4U divided ftmon^ iU culiett dvu, vere cngraTcd bj W. 
Hogcr*. Oq one d Ihc Flutes of Coiiu. p> «14, the tiame of John Speed, foUowed by 
tba word iuvm^L !■ JaLaed with thut of RDffr<r>. prubabljr jQaiffiitliDf Spvfd h tho 
dnUfhtAoiui. C^rnHpn nUtrv thf r.fiRiinunif^Llati of thoo CoLni bf Sir Kobon Culton, 
mai (Itci • brief auiniiPitck kcoount of the Emperor* to wIjodd thef bcUiiif , with t fov 
lUnftrtit i>D the firiiiih Coloi. 

Tbc»Uch cJitlun, tlir laiil during C«indcD'» life, wm printed In falick in I6(fi, bnd i* 
that whicb vu B?at witb tbe pnweat l^tlBr Io liuic C«>fluboii. In rtUtm, •bout 
■ fCftr MfUnrard. Couubon Hot bioi Kb own acfrljr-oonplrl^d oditioa of FotjrUui* 

The BHUiiqIji of 1({07 w Hloioat a new worh. It wu dcdicKicd to Kfcng June*, 
■nd CooLtined • leriei of Mipi of the terersl Coiuiiei, Aco^ lopplied bjr Saxlon mod 
tiordcLi. Ituir huiI Kip wert thv ntignwrit. Tbr CHuntip* wliJch Imr Konlcfti'i nuao 
■irc llflibpibin. Sqrmf* Kent, H^nUtdmhiro, and MidJlMvi, Cpo« t^ Mfip of t^no- 
brokCiUrc *« read " Gcurttu« C)*cd de Keiaei* d«frir*it.^ 

ffilbop Gibion in the preface to the lint editioti of hit TV«oibCion, publiflbed id 
\€^ii, tpetka ibiu of (b« Latin tdilion of \iio7. *' When Mr- Cundoa pobhibed thi 
U>E edIliUD of LIa BttiiA>siA, tbtt tlook lUrE with to mach mf>p|»im aad comiuenditUaa 
from iLe le^tbctd. thul thvj Vaetf iio li[]o flTHt ennuch for th* kvCbor H« itM UiTd 
the Vamj, the Kinbo, D4id the FnouaiAi of BriUio ; and bin WurL unlTVMllj Ovned 
to be cfao DOtt complete ud ftciruntc in ici kind thu \xmA ippeared in mj riatton.'' 

■ ta fall nddreu " ul LocComn," in Ibe edition of 1600, Cunden »ttU further d««n 
Mt point. *' Peit dcdatuia utnun (twilo ciuia tecapore prt<il) ftoao Ik Cbriiea SMO 
|£d€, in Inotu primam emjd : BnrTjLVxiAM tneoripti, bonovititdtuqan DoninA 
Gdletfno BtTono UurfbteT ■"■ntno AnffliM TtirvAunrio bunc toultum torn qoidem < 
eiilcm iaduCrioc meBftxtiun djcaii^ t^oi, pro oftqUDcfuiL kmiufdlala, Ub«BI Mau|a 

LSTreAft OT RMlNE?rr LITftBARV us?«. 105 

TlittBiw wrltinf to Cmd«o, U, ApHlU IC»0> «ti1o noiro, tap, *' Afl lunm tlniTAh. 
iri4M Tvnio, opiu Omni nwA prvdiratboe tn^iw» in quo fid'in, ililigcntUnn > jucliduoit 
•t MOdonn atmul tiut flilmlnrk. qaunum in nulla alio, qui anaic oput o^grvwiB lit.* 

Bf ieailiii.g forth bis \^ork in Latin, it was rridFDtJy Camden's mtr^ntion to protidfl 
■ DoqIi vlilch ihoald not onl J infgrm biicvaBtfjnieHtbutniLktDriUiii mon inLJuutalr 
IcnnwB Ui furngnfci, 

A pofeet PAC'timll« of tbc London edition of H90, onn to >tw, tppcar^ in tJu 

flune )<Mr at fniiffcirt. The wordi " primumqufl in Gfirmtnla in Inetm cditi," l»in| 

tiM wAy Addititin in thr I'lUr aft^r " iiiai[Tia accUHUiw adHucCa/' tot«eher with Che 

, cbasift of tbc pri&Ur*> n«nc, Tli« yvty w^id* of lk« LuuJou edJiJoD, *' uuao terfio 

ttn^oita" arc prRftnvrd; and tike n umber of l^a^u lUroiAgli the wbule hooL Ji tb« 

me, U «cU l> the nrrangcmeat of thr piig». almoit to ailngiL! Uhp- 

AnoCber entirnlj' dv» vditton, ■ Pao-iiuilF uf thn Kiicr-«iinj]p «lrrad]rmfntj(med, both 
•■ lo tin and lolal imintM^r thf |Hi^ri. uiipmroil at Frnncfoit in tt>l6. tiknwmr Mid to 
Im " Buac Ifr^jo recn^niln, ct mipiii dccotioac adauctd'" If liitd no ■'IdUioii wh«t* 
•Tiir from Miy odUion lairr limn thni uf laflO.* 

Th« Latin copj of Cunclcn'i Britaaoia irai reprinl«d «nUrr, u thp fourtb Tolutoa of 
JaTi«^n'i " Novoi AUai/' fuK Amst. Iti59. 

Gulielmuft Camdenun 

clarisBimo viro Dominu Iitnaco Casaubono 

S, P, 

Unireraa Literatortini natio, Vir ctariftftiiiie, in tuo »e ere eitse 

agnoscit, ^o vero »eorsim ob honorificam mcntioiicm ct public^ 

et privatim, mc obroi nisi agDoacerem, pUn% mei diBsimilis essem. 

Vflque adeo ut subruMtico quodam pudore sulTundnr quod non ^um 

FvoIveDdo. Bcce tamon quo pudor illc crumpit: iit novum oea 

contraham ma^timuperft a lim humanitate effl^tat ut Britan- 

itiAU meam, quam in trnc crgA tc obHCrvantiie Kyiiibolurri per 

faunc aoeipies, in atiquo Bibliothceic turc plutco loco cli^cns* 

Hinc ad tua erga me m^rita tnagiius cumulus accedat, ct aane me 

btibi oh-Hen'Aiissimum libens lubeni^qutrprotitebor. Vale, viroptinic, 

^tt mco nomine t^uim offidoaia^ime ^aluten Dominum Tliuanum» 

oujua rcliqtioa Historicarum libros avidft cxpectamuB, et Dominum 

* Tvo «ditiani of ui Epitoma of thn Britannia of 1607 appear«d iji llollnnd, bjr 
rTHatlhiH Ziriarat, nrrntupanlcd ^j a Mr)r« cf atnall Maph ; the Anl la imall 
. Atua. 1617 ; lb* tmnd, l3no. Anut^ 16,1ft. " npud Blavv.'' 
GAUD. U€tC. W 



J. HoUomanum si apud vos fucrit, Pltirm vdiro, «ed prwprop^ra 
tabellArii festinatto prohibeL Lokdim xvJulli st}'lo Julumo 


ClflriHsinio et eruditissimo Viro 
Dnmino Injinrn CaNnuhnno, 
ami CO plunmum 
Lutetiam Pariatonim. 

" CamdoD^t BTSCiinnlt,*' 1*71 Bishop CLtwoB, *■ wu fir«t tnui-U(dd iaio Gn^Hth bj 

■* PhtlcruDii lloltiind* who fare tiro rditioDA of it in tl»t LAn|ritH|:n. The foroiffr of 
'' lliiriv n[^[ifan(i^ xrhMe Mr. Cftmdc^n himtrlf mn* lUvt. I am n|jl Id bdlevc with Tho- 
" mu Kulk-r,* lliM nuin^ af tti(i AildlUimii and latcrpalndoDb. wbichtretv Ilea char^ 
*' ou Cbc LnitfUti^r, iiu^Ut uot only c«iut> in bj tlir fiuUatjr'B vwti |>rmiuton mid <i»u- 
'• Mnl, batwontlw? i»lt«d ibcr* hy hi* rtiT*r[ioi«: and nre na Inilf hU propi^ wnrt m 
** any other part of the teit> But, in th« vvoond, Ucilltad hiniffclT frrtjurntlj tiima 
^ inUi|ujiE7, tabinf n|i0P him to Rorrert, add, and «xplodc vh&C hfi filevcfl." ^ In Ihfi 
Opinion hore expruied, u K rc^nrdi Vhilcinon tlotLnnd'i VirHt ridiLion, \h^ cdlUir of 

iho |tr»ODt TLjInmo prrfcirllj iifTpHmp Thvrd iiAniBi no i^iifHlian bul thxt ii w«i jiub- 
liah«d under Camdi-nV MQi:tion< In Ibtr titlt-pKgc^. t.ficr tbt- mrnijon nf Ifiti imnila- 
tor'a name, Ibc Worh tn Hiild 10 bxve br^ta (matlj^ rcviacdn amended, and enlarged vlth 
lundiy additiuDB by tbfl Author Thr plfltm of €B]ndi:D'0 cn»n Latin «dilLOQ of ]607 
ttn UFvd Lhruuifhitut ', and tbi- mirk vrun pihliibnl by thr puinr bnukai^lkf*, " LuriillxJi 
imp'iiau r>e(]rj{iL Uiibnp *t JohAiinia Nnrton, 1^10.'* Tfi« a«eond cJilin of Hallabd'* 
TranjJaiiuD wan iiubljabird ju lli3T, hftrr Uullnnd'i dulb. 

UUbop Gibaoo, iffhcn a Tnembcr of Qnesn'* Collego Odord onTy, pubUabcd tl»c Af*! 
edition of hia Trantlatian of tbc '* Bnlinnia/' foL Lond, WJ^, tlis iccond, and 
ranch improved •ditioti Mmo out in two rolumci folio, Land' 17*3-' )t wm rtprinitd 
in 17A3: &nd afJilo. with a lt« Porr^Ejonfl and itq|irOTflmenU fmm Ibn mar^n of ibe 
Biihop'a 0*11 copy, by bu loa-iu-bvr, Gtior^ S<:uU, Estj. of Woliion^liall, near Chiift 
wctl.RMCi. foL. 1:^1. 

Thr lairM Troniditlon* with {srvat additions. wa» jiiibliiht^d by Richard Gongb, Esq. 
of RhfitflJ, i rol«- fnUi), t^od, IT^O' A second edition of wliicb (tho ftratroloma 
Oldy rcrijed by the nlktor) appcamd In IBOti. a fonr volumtt. 

■ VonMea of England, Varvickshiro, Irtbdlt.p. ISS, 

^ Eoffl. Hiator. EJbnry, edit. ITTC^ pp^ :i, 4, 

' At tk« «od of Ihs •acond volumo of Itii tdition. Buhop Git«on bai prinlcd. a«pa- 
nUly, Hattaad'a liuertiona, In addUjon to Catudoa'i Uit, in ibe tiuniJaiod edition of 




&Mni«. in one of bn m*Jnui(:rii>t DiAri^ In Uii< BodlHun, r*l. ikv. pp, IIS, 116, 

tajt, *' Tlier« u In thr Aibmokaa MoHUinp unoa; it Mr. Aibmaln'R Bookv, a tvrj 

f* Mr blio MHCn«rrE{it Imi'lAumrTir bound, conuiniDg 4n EngUib TrhiuiUlioD of M' 

' Ciudcu't BriUaixin by Rlclionl KiiUle*, the »(iric that writ the Uistorj ai [be 

f T«rki. Thit boak uti fooihl, lookM up io « Boi, ia M' Camdca'4 itvdj, *frcr bl> 

' dnth. M' Camden tet a ircat tkIuc upon iL I luppuio Ic wi« pmcnled br the 

'* ntbof Co M* CdDidei]/* THs vglmae i* uov tbe MS, AshmoU 949, 

Hickard I'^crstcffan to Sir Httbcrt CoHoHn 

[CoUon. MS. Jol, C< lli< roU 47. QrJ^O 

Bicbanl Vcrnt<3K*i>i i1«c«ai]ed «f an vuient family In (luqiitfirluid, wn born In 
Locdop, in tbe pariib ofBt- K^lbnHnr nw tbitTciwrr, but in vrbul yt*T in not bnnirii ; 
nor «re fpc qnlu cetiAin or tbn yrar of bi« (Jo4ih, titoofh ic U boUorcd to bare bap- 
ptiifd about, nnoon after. IfiHl. Uii ** ReititutiaQ of Jccflyed Inlf^Iligcnce in AtiiU 
i)uLlIi?«/ (0 Hhkh h« rrfffi in tZitu Lvltcr, wa« ftnt jmUtUbiiil m 4tn. at Antwerp 
Li 1005^ tbc aecnnd AdiUon fippnAnci aI LoEtdcn i4i Itiif)^- a ibird, in fivt>. 1(»53; 
•nil a foorib \n IG?^. Vimtrgmnii Wnrk it one of eonaidi-hibU] uirit; but, u 
Chnlmen jiulljr ubvcrriiv the pniicijint <ubjccU, on KiiHliah AnEJquiUrs* to irhicli It 
ivIntBi, banng bcva <laee more Dccuratctf investigated nad treated, It liBi b«coiuv 
ntbrr ■ ourknu ttun n necviHrj addiiloa to an hittorictl Ubmry, 

Honorable Sir, 

Albeit not knowin^f your person, yet well arqiiainted with your 
vortliyneiHo, T roiiM nut omilt tx> vrryte unto you few Ij^net^ 
in regVR-d of the due rra[)e4^t T our you. 

Your (Touiteous wimcTid ait ions were long since dclivcTcd mfff liy 
<mcthat rAmi*! Iiitlirr from Kngland^nnil sooner had I thanked you 
for them if sooner I hnci had bo good nn oportunitie to send unto 

For my honW nf nur NntionN Antiquities 1 ronttnew tx> gather 
»iic1> nolci a« I de«m convenient, intj^i^ding, if I can understand it 
vilbe grateful! ont-e mor« to he comited to the pre*se, to set it 
{arth with AugmentAtion. 

I »end yott heerwlth the toung of a fish tvhich tymn hath con* 


verted into a stone, whereof in the fowrth chapter of my book I 
do make mention. The fish is called an Arder, these tounges are 
found in clay that is heer abouts digged for the making of pottea, 
but the fish is not found neerer unto Brabant then the isles of 

Thus wishing the occasion to yeild more proof of my good will 
to serve you, then the sending you so woorthelesse a token, in all 
assurance of my redynesse thereunto I recommend me onto you. 

From Antwerp the 15 of June, atilo novo, 1609. 
Tours in verie true affection, 

Richard Vebstkqan. 

John Speedy the Historian, to Sir Robert Cotton. Ht$ " HuUny ^ 
Great Britaine'' in thepresg, 

[MS. CottOD. Juliofl C. III. fol. CS. Or^O 

*«* Tb« Letter hen prm-Dted to the retder^ with the four «hort ODCi which follow^ 
ve ill withoat the date of jear ; but miut hare hfen written about 1609 or 1610, the 
tint edition of Speed's '^ Hutory of Great BribuoBi" to the pro^reia in preparatioa 
of which tbejr relate, having been 'pobUahed (oot n the Biographia Britannica and 
Chalmeri itat« in 16U, bat) in 1611. 

The Coiiu which adom that Work were moitlj either obtained from the Cabinet 
of Sir Robert Gottoni or drawn aader hia adriee, ai theae Letterm ihow. The Altan 
mtlnded to, from hia collection of Koman Aatiijaitiee at Gonington, are Bignved In pp. 
222, SSS, and i39' Swiuer, who la twice mentioned, wme Chrutophar Switzer, a pcr- 
ioa much empLOfed in Speed'e time aa a wood-engraf er. Eveljn, In hia Seulptora 
atft, " We have likewise Switier for cottiag in woodt the son of a father who disco- 
ttnd bia deiteritf in the Herbale Ht forth bj Mr. ParkinooD, Lobel, and divera other 
Worki, with due commendation^" It wao probably the father who worked for Speed. 
The great seali ja the latter part of Specd'i Hiatorj were oloo hia. 

The aecobd cditlOD of Speed's " Hiatorj of Great Britaine " waa pnbliahed in 1633; 
vnd the thirdt a posthumoiu edition, in 1632 ^ but neither of them equalled tha 
firataia apecimen of topograph;. Speed died in I6£d. 

Worshipfuli Sir, my thoughts mnnyng vpon the well perform- 



ance ot tiU worke^ and Teftrfull to oomitt any thinp disagreeing 
from the trutl), I Imve sent you acoppy ofsomcpurtof tlmtwiiich 
you bftve alrcdy scne, because you left in writing ftt the Printers 
tliat with a hat eye you had overune it, and your leasure better 
afTordiiig that hunines in Uie contrey then here yau had ; this there- 
lore hath caused mc to send you n» much as my Printer cane esparc* 
bescichinf; your Worahipe to read it more attenlyvly, to place tJie 
Coyitei, uid vrhat ndicssions you will before you rcturnc* it; and 
I pray you to past a paper where you doe adde, and not to intir- 
Ime the coppy, for somewhere we eannot read your Notesi hecaune 
tlie place geueH yonr pi^ne* not rome to exprese your myud, I 
lave sent such Coynes as arc mitt» and will weekly supply the 
same: so much therefore as you shall perfect I praye you send 
agaitie vi'ith as much npced aK you vtm ; but where you do want the 
Coyne*, Iccpc that rnppy still vntU you, unt.ill 1 nend them : for I 
shall not be satti^fied Mrith your other directions or M"" Coles helpe. 
GomI Sir, afford me herein your (i:»;sisliitir as you havj> beguue, and 
remember my »uit to my L. privy-seall, wherein you *hah hinde 
tnft in all dutifuU nrrvior and affr^-rfion fxt your Worship's com- 
mand. So bcseiking the Almighty to prosper our indcroura I 
humbly take my leave, and le*ve your Worsliip to the Lordea 

YouT Worships to romand in all 
dutifuU service, 

Jou. Spbed, 
I am returned to ray Printers, and 

th^rfore yf you please y€ur directions 

may* be thither. 

Remember to signify tlie formes of 
your Allars. 


t^VTTCR* or niixK?rr t.iTSftART kkv. 


Jakm !fyeeJlo Sir Robert Catiotu AffB^itd m/i the Sfome. fFu 

Sir, I do mott liaAeljr Uttjike for jrour Wornlups assistance 
and kinde mnembnurkce of our bosynes, which doUi not a littk 
rcrivc mjr now dccA]rcd spirit, tting en bed of my old disetae 
ftkt stoD^ which u not more grievlou't unto me, than the dctnc* 
tioti of thu BO ckaigaMe a bosfneKs. I bave sent y^ni as many 
Coyocs as arc done, and will weekly supply them as we can gd 
tbem iSQXn detracdng Svrisaer* iVlao tou shall herewith rcoctrt 
two leares of COppy which we can not read tlie pUce that you 
have interiyned, and cither to folsify your meaning, or Icare out 
one siUblc we wold be lothc, Tberfore I pray yoa both perfect 
tjiat, and tlie yere of ChrUt in tike other, and ^nd t}^m ajain in all 
tiaftt posHible, for liie Printer already lath overtaken ts. Thus 
comciidin^ my self most hartely to your Worsiit|>, I humble tak luy 
leave Urn :iU^ of August. 

To' WoHibipK in all duty, 

Job* Sfbbdb. 

Goot! Sir, T moat mmestly entreat ynti tn strnd ihr*e towe 
sheets >iiclo«ed, vpon W^nflday next, for tn truth 1 dovbt we shall 
want ih^m lwf<*re tliat dfiye. 

Yf you will send a Note of all Monastcryea in llie Rrnlm,* ai 
also ilic Book of Heniy the fourth^ I shalbc murh h^holding to 
your Wrimhip. Thu* you mv how hold I anip hut it is in lore of 
that Kingdom which your «df «oeks still to adf^me, 

* Sfkct^i CfttiAocu <r IW lUllclow Hovan, ihrir lawtlvn m%A t^utio* ol 
TVwmvM, t. ll«a.Vlll. ■dUrcEcfTnltobjoiu Afltiqasrics, b prs is hit" Hutofy 

LBTTEUa OF EltrXBrn" trXEHART MfiN, 111 


JoAh Spe^ U Sir Roherl C9U0N4 Fktrth^ pTofffts4. IJis tJiff*- 
cttiiict in obiainutg Coins to cntfTOX^t 

[Ibid, fc»L m. Or^O 

?<Onliip(aU Sir» thii dflyo not only I, hiU the printers prrsA 
doA expect the relume of my last sent leaves. I well hop^ they 
are cnmo thntigh not ftii early deli\'creii, the dnye being yonge. 
I Imvr sent yon ftll fh\r roppy of the Romnne Ht/irye,, desyring 
your eorreotionfi &tic1 itufifTneittAtions, hoth matler, nnd monumcTita 
nf yr^tir altjirt, «o fnre ii« to your wisidrtmt^ sshul] Htnw. iiieLI* Kut^h 
Coynf^ All nrc yet cutt I have likewine sent yow, I hopr *n many 
%B will »erve the preiae fi while, anc! will give lime to M"" SwiKStT 
to perform the rent. We liAve heen with M' Cole, wlio make*! it 
Aiynty In <ii"liri'rhi» Ciiyni>i*, <!o that th^ work man must eitlier 
t&kotliem in his pre^encand drawe them or the wonds. ela wll he 
not BUpply our wants: far from thnt opijinion that your Wor- 
«hipc, I ihftnke yoii, have conceived." The Coynes that ynu 
■pake to him for, he ftayth> he well remembreth not, and theie- 

* Tba followiDic it the iii>r.ic« tthich S^rruX kiii^b In bi» HUcory, 'dU. ICll. p. 169, 
l-ff the tmtXy 8r^U«h Cwm cngnvcd id hii M'ork. Uo ttLiakA Sir Bobcrt Cotton, but 
\ bo mcntioQ m it of Mr- Cols'i CoUrotba. 
*' Tlwlr lr«jftak4 kminffit ibrmK-lrcii war hH>t of much vrortli, in thnt lu Otr^qr ifiith 
** * th* Coiiw* whirrh Xhfy Knd werv fithrr of bniHC, or p1*h iri^n rinfH nbcd 4E 4 cr* 
** ' BiiM «r«i|]]t, utiit^U ibiit iibih) for t]t«ir mnniti.' Of which kind jddii* hivs tTcrrod 
" tkey have bhu fouod and laEclj taken up in little cmic^ or piUbrr* of nrlb. Bat 
*" at llPU« |7cv mom rirtU, >nd Inllirki! vxon frctiurnl, rhi-f *hi>fOy tdtcr ■Uiiii]fcd 
o bvdl tfnr ud foIU ; ii4id ihcrvODOtlio fnoca of tlicit kiiig^ vvtMi iu tlit' daic <if JuUu 
" CvMf, fthu iiudw Arft IhU hid hU oirnc itompt on the llaman ^ayn^- Mon^ of 
** Umc BTf aawnpt oi ranuiniDUT wbrrcof I hatv imerCFd lomc feiTi ni in thdr duo 
> lUcca diall ftjUow. which I f«oeivcd from ih^ Idirnll hAnct of Ihat niufd lr»ni«d 
'** tn%til ind WQithf rcfliom- of AnUqultloK 5lr hobert Cotlou of Cuning^on. Thnto 
"C^jtioa i«« commonly vTobaHtd oulwud uid *hidd-U1(ft, whorvon tho iaiicriplwB 
" or Cm U R«ai. ihe rcTcnio bollov, and thenln their dnlat *cl : ond b; tbcH fonne* 
'* tn llLfy kooiiii 10 he the AriUinet, no other attion itAmpin^ th? like* wivpl kotao 
" ff« imotit Ute GrccUdi/' 


lkttehs or KiiiNK?fr LtTRRARY Hex. 

fore we must d«sirtt jraur direction ajo^np. Thirn rvcr over Iinld 
tn your triible, ftt thiH tyme 1 ccase^ witli my humble and harty 
comcn[da]tions, and will reHt never Tnthftnkftil]. Tours in ftll 
dut^'e, heseching th« A}n>ii3fhty Ui blese you and thcsAe Iftboun. 
Your loving And true affinotmnid 
in &11 diity^ 

Jon: SpKSDE. 


JoMn ."'p^prf to Sir Hahfrt Cotton. Stiit npon kU Ilistortf, 


[Jfaid. foL €8b. OrVO 

I have received from you the Icaral last wnt, which rtme 
fitt a» cold be, otherwise the presne luid atayde. I have »eui 
your Worsliipe the printes of more t'oynOj und desire the ifr 
tnmo of more copye, for nowo the worke will forwarde apaase,* 
I praye you torf^ctt not the formes of your Altar i^lonen, neither 
any other ornament to be in the worke. I want your Worahips 
furtherance for tlie Monustcrj'cs erected in every shire, aa abo for 
the history of King Henry the fourth, the wich yf you will furnish 
me vith, 1 will he thunkfull and «cg them saf(;ly returned. Thus 
with ray dutifull comcndations I comcnd your Worship to the 
Lords most holy protection, the twelfth of September. 

Your Worsdiips tn nil dutifull aflection, 

Jon. Spksob* 

* afBO*. 


Jt>hn Sptcdto Sir Rodrrl Cotton, Athort Noie^ 

[Ibid. foL69, Of(>] 

Good Sir Kobcrt, liclpe me for the life of Henry the fifdi,* for 

nowe we are in great forwardiiesso in print. I came in great 

pajnies lo Iiavc intrcated you only for Uiat^ therefore I prayc You 

iaill mc not. 

Your loving ht^ind, 

troblesoine and trobleled, 

Jou. Speeds. 


The Earlo/AritniM to Sir Robert Vottm^yfrom Vtmet, 

[Cotton. MS. JuL C. ni. foL IS4 b. Mj?.! 

•,* Tliii L*»Ff i* withoul dtTff of y«r' bot thpir ^-nn hn nn rlnntiV thul U v«« 
vrittrn in 1613, Sir Diidl«F CarlotoTit writiap to S«crrtanr WimrooJ from Vviuctf* 
SO^ Stpt. 1613 O. S. layi. " I will do longer dvf<rr to ululi? ^roii, u tikewine to pT« 
joa nn Accouat of jour LtKUn lo Itir lOirk nr \mtidclL ; the fonncr of wblch I dcU< 
tTr*4 lo biiu At Veulvc » iht lul I icut lo him je4lerJji]i to hla VlUt t*ro uilloi dliteot 
from thfi filocp. v1iit^ii>r |in1>i Mmnflf nnd hl» l^dy Ar« mtirfd. Thry tk4*fi hi4 at 
Vmin all llic Eni«rtAlajtieiiti of tbat plteCf both by public orders uid |)riTiU« courtrvj 
of dirtri genlttmen ; &nd 1ut« prtin on tbcir puU «o good utiflfBctba ihat tlio Ga- 
Mne* m foU of tbnf c«rfn»«>.*' ** 

• flir nobcK Cotton** Libmry poHeucd «TDml MatitiscripU at tUi tln« FoUdfiff 
to ^r> rrirn of UenrT V. PjirU^ulorljr x MS. of ElmliamU Life of Henry V. (Jol. 
|E> \r. fol. 9,) whirli bud been |ireiriiled to bim in ItiO!) by SirWtdtrr Copp t fbllowpil 
'try tbevborter MetHotl Llfr, a»<rribcd lo Elmbam, i»ow bound in (bn a«qtc Volomc. 
fbl. an 1 «nd iti Imprifod Copy i>r llir N'mliTn viiiLlLTEi by x CbiLpliMU b tUe Rayil 
Array (IWi. foU JH.) wliicb bud be™ pHienled lo Sir Robert CoHon by Patrick 

YouPt- Sir Kobert'* LihrKrr <^» poAtrj»od An Enj^Uib proic Chronldc i^f LUnry V, 
(Clittd> A. tiiih 1.) udft Pn^Dicntof * Hitloryof lleiiry V. from th« b&tllo ofAfln- 
oont In f41Ttol433, pvtif ntetrlcfti, (Cbop. C iv. fol. ^.) It i« paxiilbTc that 
. •D0I of Ihttc uiifht bavc been ftot|ulr«d aA?r SprcJ htd rompQrul hU lliiioryt Tbc 
•«ly US. fifitfd qnotn in ih# r*(frn nf ITvii/y V. *■ Ci t&tiq. MS. D. Robvrti Cotbw" 
b one «Ufh ritm an account of The Quera'a Coroa&tJon- 
> Wi»TO"d'» M^mOT^aln, p. 482. 


f aamAI Ml M «M«fM*fkM^» MKk kali. I 
ftm Ui ti^ HOfTf f4 mf AuMntoo njot ob m I btmlKL b^ it 
iiitfil Imwmm (Nt I vrou Mio rM) it AtU MTcr be 
Wm Im«« h««rii« In Vmim, nedf^d omdi booor from tbe 
«<«il HlKrikr/fte » If ytm ooolil pidcc ovt »ocd« Suify of mj Atmces- 
l»rt, wlilntf mmlil rl/j well in pitjntin^r. 1 pray tende mc it m 
lvfMliiK»^ himI ilkrwrU it to M'. Itwiurd \YiUwby» in aue I bcc 

r<iiiinii*it«U mi', I Jimjr, lurtdy. to S' Henry Faii«li»we, vhosel 
1Miiii|Miiif witli ^inirft I ciiuU ofl«u wiiJu ir tli&t would doc it. Soe^ 
Willi my tiliiiint •ulutPLiuim* and my wifoH to yourselfe, I ever rest 

Y^ moiii fiiitlifull 


I di^lTi* wwh In liMn^, pyttirr l>y the 

Aiu)tA«Mhiliil« |mvi|UOl, ur i^n'n'UjiiitDn, huwo oil 
wvain*t^ti^« |tHi*i« III KtiitUniK Hut if Lettpn b« eyther tbicke^ 
Wr M«K<(I irtttU k(lki*i \Uvy mv a|)ciicd Tur lusptctoit of the i 
W^ttkVi til H»|rt^ 

t-jrrrfCRS 0*" fiUlXENT LITERAKY UB?f. 



41. AUdi. 

dc Wi^iUitJ. I Germund, 

WiU'oi'i jl^1^Bn1J1lllici■r^Ati^-ja.■ 
dc bniio. 

Job'a Unwtrd^0ira>ioror BicU Wili'm'* Hoiwil 
Biln ■cni«r, dc ConmbiR. «. prole, 

loli'e* HowRrd^Alicia >oror tt hvr»i« Rob'ti 

Hun nrd. 

HCDIlir, I 



Addrcos Ho«axd=^, . 




Boberlu Howard inilci.^MBrgarcto Alia Kob'U d'nl Scalu luperruit mnritumt 

J^U'ii rUii mililU- 1 laiUi^ \ Trndriog duIUJh. 

mllf*. 1 Wiltou. mik*. Tho: Mowbray Uucla Norf. 

jDbaaDc* llowEirdT^nthfrinfc ftli* 
Buk Nurff, I MaUim mllitb' 

Hovud fll. vt >oU Itera 

DV* TbflfjiAC Howard HoQhoKii 1lnn'rd=FPmiEiiirti ftl. Cooiltis 

nUipfn^T^AiiBii Hlia al D^a'f^Kathtirici* 

I D. Nuiff. j d'ui AudLcj. Cane, , 


Tho' a*iu 
Dam d« 





lltrword uxor 
Rob ti SiurkttU 
liL d'lit Buck- 



IWxv Howvd D'ni ElimbrlbD Tb*fopbit«u Ri»rdut 

^B'k MctraTtr^ IJoiriLrd U«7. Howard. Sackrill. 

fib eC una 

Tba, d'ni 
D«cr« do 





lU libro Kcuado QUtarlv de Elj In caitodu Adftuliai SUwd v* 

Bodem trmpow f^alflfna fult mvuHiLtDa iipml rfg^'m Eclgxrun jitji>ll^U£ Ri lit JhiA. 
lbna4« loU krra tu fuiMtl, ct ut |iriv»rrtur J« omnibu* c|uKi h&tH;b«C. Rv^oilMl 
igltur AitclwiiUuin rpiacDpuni humiUter ut cinrrt mm Opfraiar* ct «t pTi> vo LnUre^ 
dcrc (llgDArctur apUiJ rrgrnn l quj tic fvctt, dimipidjuo lotutn Dilico |iro imorc el pre- 
nCu K^na«>pl, f ft |>b::tu ut ipac OaJocut dvct r<gi ccbtuio aarrui : Qui cuai boq hfib*- 
m taatum lurum. uiuUliuetl ftb Kplteopa 10 &uf«oi. tt quia Kpr Bimurrebal ei prn- 
niiit k« tihi d^turum 4ii arnu Icrre dpuJ GrDDlbriE;. f( uiiutb prxdJum H t«ni«n 
ptrtein »1Itk tptid I>u11ii)j[bji(n) iDiniUjiic llmtirdiJiD cugnaCuni ■uitoi uj £15 qui p«lMn 
vmnibut 01 |nrl« OilBci Icrrani c|iliict>|Jii djini. Ac. 

T«tanTar4^uotl(«rnimHiittard Eariofscira IfnuJlWLll'ni'i M>1<t aaCor|iuni CulcUuv 

E« hb: dr iJomfniljaj lol«r Clunorc* 
ia CO, Eorluotdrc. W. H. UBUr 

CtfU AUiiI fll: Str< fncU mouacliiB de Sibeton In pcrpehum rkmoAUttm d« loU^ 

illi prditi tcnv in L^leti>uk«OTofl. (juit Joott to lon^m rt Intutii inter (emm Robert! 

OvnbAld cjid fuit ii« ffodo ll^jWdrdi apuJ occidtntcm^ ft tarmm frnbOiotonm p>j«ii«< 

«boru[u qoft r«t d« fco4c Roberli Malkt Ttriiu oriFfitf m Ate- »ioG dita. _ 

Ei Rcsi»tro dc Sibctun co: SuflT, 

fo, 4n- w. u. uyj. 

CaiU Kobcirtl MnJjilb facin monwbli do Sibelan df homiiif *t]o AUuo ftl. BanvJloti 
de Wilpot cam omalbmi (iriicuii'iit. miiH A^t;. 4UI de ea ttuciitp vcJlicet tuuu pecuun 
Icrrm i|Uia voc, BniimUneicroft Id vlUa tUt Wolrpol qatr jacvt ttilitr tC^rr.Wilj'iiu C«pp« 
ct lerrpoi RobrttE llttTl, rlunflm nlUm pcciam mtnc luic jncet mtct tcrrAm 4|iis ut d< 
fpodo Hottanik ei ttn. i]iut TuIl Rabrrti Hfljwtrd, ft ftbbuUt Bnper proidicUfn jiccdiini 
vcnui Rquilgncin ^e^ 

El »giatro pncdioto, fo. 48. 

Jnbsniice AL G«lfrld1 df Wfliiliani<iilor rpmlilt Tnon«<^b1a df Slbflton totum jq< et ete. 
rocQin iiuod liahujC in ilia tia rt piAturn iu Wn^ubanriilr in tiiugum rt kluin ticut jacnt 
IriDipirndij nb go iaeo rjui inri^dl nd caput tcrr quas lacaiur UowarJci buit^dv, cC 
IvndLi pfr Nrderi^mrrc cl ppi iioriam cl curLam didunim iDDQachgrum usquv ul nim 
rrgi4in lPiid«iit«ia dt M«i4Dg *omqii Donetvio Aio^ 

Et ri^Uiro fjrr^icto, lb> 97. 

CarU CliriatinajE T«h<tiB WlU'iiit Uo Mauodevlll Gi>inltU £iftrXi qtUB fult AIU Robortl 
lilii Wallfli-1, nftl* »t finnnrn AlU Roberli 4b ValuiiiiB- Vliit hiw ChrlfliftAa UMi4 
i|uiiito IL J. IlliN tflfctibuHj Kuwnrdo de Wklouo, Witnero Tiocpotnitc Norff. 
£x AutioUit R. Glover SomtucrKl 1591. W. H. 




C|■l^■■la^ li;> 111 3: Aeir>br. ll'K. Turr. 

Alcuadrr Al. Tlio: ilc EUidcs dvdit Wiil'mo fi[. Petri de Prilona lijcmti rjuinqm 
•oUdoi annaaitm nddlrm in pirocliku do AailcTtun tc&i- dcj WtlL'mo ilr Hirwal], Ac. ct 

plaribai Hliit, inTffr uUoi, di? tcn«jicnt<i tjiiuJ Lctilm i|Uie fuit tuor Hcrvici llowarJ 
aciquivtit do ThojnA d« lUinu paire dico vi^inl' tluDi 'Irruvrlotp Stc. t«nc[idiim d^ 
Rmtalfo Ardpa cipitall dominu mJ iScuUjiium Ti[|[inii f ^uat nor solid, pt ta denAfiOfl, && 
Ituni ikilitWhkrrofiJ.Tho dc Bdnts ires pcciu Ur^ Ibldtoj, idNcclDordiord. •Uft 
fvd« idjoccl tctrrim <^ui>fid]ua l]«rvol Huward, dt tetum luptr WraSfprU Ct predict 

Ei ETiiltat. JohAQuij VrfXifb trvUHU 

Thonufl Howard *t R0b*rtaA CurvDn toDcat In LeHoa ct Soblpedhua dl* 4i Teodl 
;-adUliadttHlcbaclodc Porniauii. ct idem de ComiCeWurFoift^.ct Comwde rcfri. quod 
l^pJiin Mt Joh'i* If] DotUirr- 

Bobcvtu ConoDi WiJI'm*i filiiu cjud. rtTbomos llovarJ Irncnl Id SatLUD (|iualiim 
pariem fbodl mlldb At Guiilunc du DfUucitiiEifo el FLlUp^ uxitrc ajiUi el Idrm dv regd 
i|€oU qqoadna fwt Job'ii ]« BotJlUr- 

ifirodr. dc Dfi'v, Jobanne* Hawnril Ccntt ujiotdiiia dc ffArtrdd pn> uno feodo 
niUlu deCoiailfl MnhicilLo, cl iiiem dt Tcgp* <juod ^uund^mi f^it Rob^rii di? Bua^io. 

HuDdr. dv Cimfllinni. |<tli'ci Uonord tenet udqjd tonrmpQluoi ia Dtntou pro tortb 
pwtc mkiim feudi tiiilitiii rt 1:^: pirti^iu uuiuM fcodj uiilitU t\^ ht-n-diiitn dfr TniimliMle, ct 
idcBk 4fl rrgt. (|uui1 qticindftiii fuit tavld^ J* Himco, 

liumlr^ Jke UchkA. Hdmondiu llowird tcnMqu^ntam partem fiH>dL mUilU b ShcitM* 
htm de Jahaune MatraTcrA^ Ft idem dc Jobanac Sr^BVi*» rE idcEo Johaaon df rrgo. 

Eji n>ta]; anii^iio dr Cenuria In com, NorfT io cooiputo Mcholj do (autiUo rC «liOT. 
mLv dU III tupni. W. 11, lAU^. 

4llciB uQrWlirmi Uowd d« Ur|iiirefid4 dr hrhn<gr«-Moni1inA l^rli* ia Cfrrii <uii 

•pod 8tUb1en et Tiiuj. 

Frinb jun p&t, A^ 4i iEiL 11. 9. mamlr. S5 In don. R. Tar, 

RflbCTlw d« ScmlM niilei qTUstmn olam&Tit PlijKppo Att Anainn totnm jiia tuum 
ifMd htbaU m ■dnKBlione EcckiUr Saacti P^tri d« W«iitp]«ii in ConitUtu Nurwicb* 
BHi tMtibui, Tho. de L)i»dinfE(uiu GiJfriJo dc StodicTB, Rflgero dc Taftn, WlU'mo do 
Wllfcwn, mtlllibiutf WlU'nii> HuirArd. WUrmo dc CoLncfi «t aliii. 
Ca Ubru dff Lcvc«, To; 3?L 

Korff. Mtncf. dc 1 j.^j .yj^^^ ,i«,dmm gr*« «Mt* ltow«rd«wodi,. *<-- 
FnflinfUjwfanraJ ' 

)n tn^uU^ potl nurUm JUiferi tli^lt A» 3S Ed. I. 




Himdrcd di- Fr«thvbr1|f. 

South widtoti 

TirrJn^an . 


{JotiniibBa Howard 
Galfrittu- Wurrfln 

Joh*c« HoVHrJ 
riVmr tip MVhUcfv 
\ Jobaune'ii HrMtiird 
AT>bM At J)vrbHm 

Norir, HimnrtlH miliaria d^B 
Buldrfs lAriiL4ur lU 
SaIiud Toor ! 

Jah'uCoorii: 14; A*: Ie 
Ric: 3 A Kot. Tur. 

TOciI. '' Nomina Villaraoi A" 9 El 1i^* 


SUautrJi initDnrid Ijj P.>iwj)l[uri 

UflUbrd* m4iicr' iu TlrnDKi^Q 
Ti de hoaore dc Wirmce<^y 
HuDfifiuf W*iil worth 
11, II-: A*, 3i-. rA.4 
Ki H*.(, Tur. 

vtttMt' IJiiwmdH ia Kfltwallon 

In Libro d« Cruoland prr Ingulpha tbbatom ib'm IcmporQ 
WilVmL ConqucTBl. (inter alio) tU : 
to. 9&, Dcincr-pii nrgri ComJtntiu, Dt biruaus EpiacopJitu0i> tt prrlAiiis totiiutvmi 
■□ift NormaQaU Rex tllnflbuic, Tfi aU^jucbi Aiigiiuaiu nd boaarU tucum vt{ oUcnjOA 
dominii priacTl|iatuin lucendirr* pcrmiut, buIuh prflUftua Motvuduiprofrpero fiae R^or- 

marabat: AudicDs n^ in FUndrk cerniTa Anglic ahcalgcQi* tabjuEKn, tDHmquc pttcr- 
imm hrrvdiCarrm mortuo ptlrr «ao Lcorrico, ma<]i?ro frgli>, caid4iu NorBiuinn doiurf 
mdtrrijic^ue viduiin inJiLiinii« injuriU ct triuLtirt iiioL!«llt| plurimuiii Atlligl, Eoc^tiu di|[&||* 
«ima ilolorr, cum ThurfrLda *uji ux<jre, AniflUm advoUt, collectoquo c<ign4loniiD tun 
cttuUmttan^i muiu <tuyot matiU itijuriitura gl&dia fdviAt. «| do iu« Lie»dlUt» priMsl 
pnlLH «t RlimttiHt, &r. rl imiilM : 

fo- 8G- Hoc Ln Umparc dcfuatito Abbate Bur^pndioto, Bmndnno p«tnid Hvnrardi 
nouuit ThotvLmrL klifiniK'nii n oolUtiOiu ttgit Wtirrul, ijiuid Ilenranlm cfrc tercnM 
«l^>e^ oogiuiovet uvUJt ullculgEuft dmalnarl. bui^m iQV4il(, ftbbMtiu ragiilt bi licet 
dODilAvt aKhai TTionUm IvoAvtn <l4 ToJIk^^* jiolmtitttimnin liino Normnniifiin tl donty 
niRin Id TkiDh BUp«r toUm UoiUadlim donJiiiintnn in iiiniu dtif^rn^uncni niduiiHrt, 
Umcn Lllum tptrbi mtno cfpit et inKvaiii iummR rcdeinptitirio pccimUfu UitolDlvm 
de e-utodin liberum dimiitl rcdirv nd proprin, Itc. 

lUm Ik libtv pivdittlo auJiTi rsu ipse tmu Lauduaiu, rt liivo tvunmla D»in im 
■ntif^Mo tDlbta prvdiirta ivilgarfr«r ftb An|;hrl« DuniAMUja (Vi^afnui4(4i vtcvrpla, •* 

multo titudUr ftc Doa panU mmptlbuB alalui mci* po»tcn> ««tl«m br«rit*r umoUk, 

LarxBKa or BHiMSNr litkrary mkv. 


lloriM <b1)T«Tin», M DQDiuUk UlluA dtdatiuf , ad m^ll^rtin ntfomm mtmarftfn «0«- 
ttmansn,9bQ^ tt luulo poll i luphokis m Lmcolni^ in F.llavaip in Crojlontl, S<> GaiMa- 
en« fa&buil cc bibet hUw* «t icmrifi^tii 4 It uch lb Jocgit' «t :t leucat m lavit. btto f^C 
a«ilca abbfltiv t. r* Hllitldrtilj, AtCfit pHulo pn«l t Tl«ni In 52aiidichLTic in llmva-nlrjlKrwit 
WMryi U Bukcnb^ iS"" GathliuruK liMbuit rl hnbrit "^ riinir^r, rT itimM, id «rUI. ihi iinn 
MnmC. is ^miBio, A rilUni, :^ bont: cl H lach, habtulci uDftOi c«rLt<4C- tl ^ Bcni4 
pnflt M SO nrrtt* itlir r1 7<> acr biIvht. t. r. Effvr: ralobtiit iix< monftic BlmiliUT 
*•«• do Udll>fbnl, 0(G. tti |iatrc in libra |ir«<Jioioiu cuAtodiaJob'iB SaTlk NrTi«Qr« od 

de Wigctthja 
^In Job*U 
H«wv4 : |«- 
UU WiU'ml 
Hovard Ju- 
[Oclihi Lit ia 
Jot p«s 

^ I. Rclumfo A<kUi pt ttlfrici ftliorum Wiirmi d* Wia«hal d« 
lotu terras t\T>K Tucfaut Leanest lilil lyHi^lhcl fto,cerd(3ll*t Stc. liilft tei- 

tibuit, ike. S. <i*l. 

2. CHrm Hio. AlitW"^ dp Rtlnbim /apia \}lrliF «11n tii» Md n 
miflUrc m li^irro innriEiiicio, i-f. bcr^dihus buih <|tii di- i^n nitxci'nlur^ dv 
()uim|ur» \om terr. la i^ttrntfli dcTilncjr ijiti rocator StbiliK, &f. lUia 
tullbUH,Joh'elibo Wiil-mid* ViRpnhal. Rii;- IM. Petri. On\ S, dntn, 

3, Cikrtii Joh^u Al- Thomir dc Hnkubtcb ftutu UiirmofiE. JuLahqu 
vHouwftfU dc Wijir(ib4tn ]ifu 17 muckA if KCiitl* itplem ncru &c- in 

;pu d« Oildnifartf mtor tprr. qut; fuit Joh'u liL ^'iirmi tt Iprrun PHomb rt Con- 
,ui dc IWratvcEl in longituiliDc f^t Ulilmltiio dct ould-rnndicb TcmuK ocddcnlenn, 
Uque kd tnrvm Androe UoiiKard ct JohU bnnd, A.e'. iLiin t««>tlbiii, WUl'rao fiL Wot- 
tcf I dft WifttftbalD mllkii, A]«iaD>Lro \^*alp<i|. Tlio. di Uran){iu, Joh^o de initaa, Atlumo 
de mmiDjEt. Jolk> llouvArd. Andm ffaircciut, ttn. cum DiiJtii altii- £Vflfl iale, 

CarU WaUch filx Ri>b«r(i Je ItriihHni ct JoluniiB dioHb vjoi fecU W"* ^. JoU'ia 
Bwrird dc d acrb dc urr, jnccuc, in WcRtfcId tii Tiliirjt &c Hiii irklibuJ. doiniDti 
K'o de SraBodpTilocji Job'clU.Vr'oltvldc Wj^cDlmlciUiiltlibw, Job'ede 0tlgn»aic. 
tttUi* S^m^daia. 

Cut4 VU]'Dii AU ComtnnHni dc Clpnchnu'ton faeta Witl'mo lUEo JobHi Hoiivani d« 
urrli UrTsLn vi!lji dr WifEmbntv. in Itlitudiur inter Icrnim PrioHuo de BLnlcc* 
CI fftric ncjailaoAUp «1 Urr am Tbo. Kownrd ci pB/(c aiut»li, &o. HIja tp»tlbu<, 
Job^ de auvD, WiU'mo dfi [ld»b»jji, llf^wo Al- Wiik<7ri, Job'c UtkcbccH, TL». 
Qimd, fto- «1 iiliik- Sinf ifd/4, 

Carti iVUi U. Uathci Clr«ibc dc Wigcobile hcl« W"- Itcward de Crrtli tm-. cum 
rjgiiafnliti in Wijcob, &Q.. Uiu teflibnir d'ao Job'? de W^igaiihaJe tDibU, Joh> dc 
ftlcCMT* Jtfb'rdc H*kFbcc1i> AdunodcTUifltigton, Job'c Hovarilf Andmfr«tr« tfiu, 
J«b'« OtiiBtiad, WiU'biDtic CjnuUk Audi«ft ALTbu- lluward. ct moltimiliii- Smrclaf*. 
Cvta cicuDbil laitf VTill'mu lloifAril de Wi^nbatt rT Agnr^DDa rellctam Ric'i IIL 
AJv 4b Wbjcnh«lc d£ meuui^. rl divrrtia pcrfcll, ttrr^ lq Wlgeah^ lliii tutlbui, 
Jch'edoVr^vAfaklvDuliU, JvhVdt^ffiiTonc, Juh>dcHAkcb'Tb. K^igrm WilP, Aduno 
d*Tll^BlQft Job'e CitfYOUDdi Amlrci llowtrd Jtaiorc, et hU^»- Hmt data. 

C4rU ciJ^AjdUl iutFf WdPiaCf Ilvwiird de V^'ifcnb«Ec <l Aiodrtvoh filmm TbvmM 
Barad. tk m»a iDCHiuic^ f* ^ «cn* terr. oum pertiaootiii Ja Wicanht bAbcadiuu oidcm 



AnJfcv et htndihat twt in |>i*nxttiam, nirt lemper Lncie G«rntund rrllcta Jdhic 
Howard rali«"abibtcf dflle fu* de predict raiTBHUHK- &f. tfoc-nJ. In d»tc la taU nU 
flu, &c. IliidtevtitJUJ, Joh'«lVi|;cii1iQ]mU»te, Job'«i]cintloD, Job'eG«tin«iid, WlU'nra 

CwU VtCftEDlili iut» d'D*m Wnrmnm llovud d« Wl|:rnhidr milUcin f^l AUonm 6L 
ThoniK RIovre d« divtnU tcrr. in Witenbalo, ^. HiU tcttibuj. d'ao Joh'e deWi^o. 
Ua niliti^r Ji^li'r HiUon, &c. £fH' Jate^ 

Ciru ufambU Inirr UUL'ma llovrud do Wi^nlmlir el Tbo, AUtun WUl'mi Bvrgvr 

cC Matiillam uiortni fjun dp c|i)abiiKlqiii I'rr, in Wigpnhkl. Hiii 1*ftllha«, d'ao Joh'e 

de Wigcnk mtUlv^ Ju1j> do ffitioa, Alei'u \V«l|ml« A&drcA Uotrtrd, WtlUro floward. 

Carta AndrcD fil- Tliomv Howard le Vigenhil ^Ca WilTmo Homrd r^onlnD vilte 
de qulLusdnm pcm'Ll, torrli in cnrnfiu dc Seib, &c llju totlibuv, dumiuv JuUui&< Jd 
Viitvnla, militf. Juh'a ffltton. Job'* Hownrd, Andntii fmCn ignii, Johnane Ucruuid, 

oi «]iis. ^i»' jdfff. 

('arU Jtib'U tihi Thomur dc EWnbum dc SouthFlMchirirtoQ fdoU Tbomv Ovldmtii 
dc Wigcaholv* dc mcsiUd^. cum pcTlini^Dt. !□ |mmchiA S'^ Cirrmani in Ukgcdiijtii?. Htli 
tvalibuf, dumioo Joh'Q do tlllluD mUJIc, Androa llm»«rJt WiU'no liUo BjiUf Ac. cuin 
raultii *liu. 5nu l£a^d. 

Catdi jDhumli til. lUc^& do Wjgonhalc f«oiii WiU'ma AL. JohannJi Hownrd «j(i«deni 
vUIk* pro vifjntj qtjiiuor m^rcia irg«nt) dv omnibuH icrrik ft lencincnUa mi* in bvrfo 
dcLtim, fiJarth Lcnn* SoachLcoik, \icitLeDa, Kortb Clench w>rtan> South Cloncbvtr- 
toiii «lS<rtU- lliU CcitlbiM, d'bo Juliiono de Wkgculmlc uiUilo, Tbo. lU. Tbomac, Akat- 
Viilra de WnlpoL Adun tt Wittera Blmttrr, Ate, £in# daia. 

CnrU kbbalis rt coavpntui &d. Edmnndi fdnta W"° filL« ALani d« lem loi >piid 
Wigvnbal. tcjicniU bereditorio ypt wrrlciDBi UDiot hbffc dc! rrtnco incrntn annujttim 
redd, od rettnm fi'' Kdmuadl, ct ad alurc, jno omnltim icrvicili. ic. tufUm ec crulUm 
qob Spnina cL uu>r ijui LcfTwot icoucraai »pud ^^'1^- l^(^ lliii t<inb«f, RdbortO 
Aicrrc* Stcaaone Canton, «t Har]flti« flio. Stit tlgiil. d^batU* 

Cartt SiEOoniB Pnorii de licrnwcU do f^aadim pecU tcrr. Id Wigenhalfl, r«eU Wlll'mi} 
Hoirard ad Ani|>liDndu(ii inti>aiu£iuiii «uuni Ac Tcatibtu aobia li-si'^ d fi^iUo CapUall. 
A^ iTE- Rp|[i)i Kdwnrdt c^mlo, 

CarU Job^ ALllobcfOdc Silonv EkcU Wdl'mo Hn^vd do Wt^^nih. pro qiriDd«im 
iiurcu nt^tnr], dc Bcpicm icm tcmc ciua pcttlncnliia in ciofU quR TAcatar SftUadaU 
&c Uijs icKliliUhi dug d^ WJ|(nibal,d'aa Joii'edD Hcnac, Alcitnd.dc WalpaUTb«.de 
Gpuihu, Ada dcTbLmLi3^,Tb«iDalli)ifjird, olaUU. Datum iipijdWtj(flnbaldOoliib.pifi« 
ficjittouii bvalie Martdt A" rcj^ni li«|^i Hdnarii ftU Kvf i« Hrarid undaeiaiiK 

CuU Jali^ Al. lUnrici P«ti$BS de Wig«ab4le fac\a ^lU'aao Hovard, At qnlbmdMB 
t«nij in Wigrnti^, Ajc. HiialccUbiu.Jah'cAI. Walton mill Thoma do Grwkgi<tA]ex'o 
WalpoCp Audriv UQword) &<. Daiuiu ap«d W^uhalc \' rv|ol Itr^a Bdvanlt dt* 
vimu bAbd. 

tiurn altumat. Johamu fiuoa fart, ptc Roficnmi do MoQtc alio d*a*K dc CattU 
Riling ad libcruid. M^mun WUrmo Hoirird de Wi^taJbte dc omaibiu pedia pftdum 


fl» cmm p«r1bentiU b VrigebhAle t^yxtt Altnatot l«i oU ttt d« quibni rnDdem VH^'* 
Utu bqprr fvoffttit Stc, DiCuid npud Loodon die TmenB po»t f«turri nAtivitntti MDctl 
JobinnU Baptue* A' ro^ai ^^K^ Kdwurdi SiL RrfU Hcnrlci rUfilmo tccuado. 

Rfl&i*liu Joh'ii lie IFu|j(L(n 0t Vcrx viorin rjiu faot* U'iiruo Havnnl (J« una oumb* 

Lfruncoli dc fribai qau reci{)iebant pr-r onnaoi noinhic dniii deprcdkio Wilt'ino, Datum 
^•DDOlUfoE Hcfn Bdvirdi fil. Ri^;i9 llfnrici ricaioiD lerliOH 

CMireptio later Will' ut' Hawurd rt AldximJr- BuLtrrwkk [in> aoI u^ioni? cQJ iiHdAm 
^ faamM p«tdtj1je pro muivha de ErvAkoa quod Ucm W" ptrquliLvLt tie predLclo 
Alnandn p« Anrm in Cum dnmjni FE^git leriitta A° pnlerllo tC d«tum Mc Ji>rii ia 
trptinuA* Pcnlf>cnBt«ii Anrio r«CQi n^u Ed«Bi-di fiL HcDridi Ticciimg Koundr}, 

C«rU SUptuQl ftL WitlW Ktiir;r« de WigmhAle ttcta UUruo llovvnl ilc diver- 
lis tfff r' ib WijcDhftl, Mic. BiU tf^tibuH. Joh'c Wigfrah. natUto. Jflhaitnc de Ihclanc, 
toL't RskfUcvh, Au:. Andm Huvard junlorf, el multla ttili. Dituui njjud M'ij;i:nbM]ii 
A'^R'^I RtfffU RdvKfdi Alii Rr^t llEaHiri vLctciiDO Iprtlo. 

Rcl«jaliu Kftthcriav fi\. Rii;Anli dr Brandun t»cU domjno WilPmo Hofftrd militi 
de (UOduD iibauAli redditu pro quibtuidiLm terr' tocaI, Jorcidole. BeUrcfcsdolr. Ac. 

BJtftttdi Al. nipi Ucbticilricuiiuu t^iuilu, 

CtftoTbonuv dt Woctonc fucc* d'oo WUl'iofl Howard inilifi de dir*nU term in 
vilU de lUnr). Hiii tntiticft, d'lio TJior di^ liifsldrstliorp, H«rini?o d« Wdpol. A:c. 
I JlilBni sp«d Tiliirjr A* rr^ui tUfji* HdivDfdl fd. i-i^iS' lCd'*iirili pdiuD. 

Dimiarfo J<ib~u HuwvdfiTii *C bisrcdii WilVtoi Kowitrd niilifit fiota Gilfrido ftl. St«- 

ffbani ftl- Wftjtrri do Tilnvy de qiudua peda tcrr' la 'HlDcy vocftt' AbtiocliCp Ar- r«d- 

dodo •amutim ddcn Jab*i if<»innl et Job'n uiort <gui Ti^nli f«lid. «d duc» feitoa 

Mnii, &G. Dalum apud Lrna Epiiwopl A* ra|[ni HcgU EdwardJ Alii rejcit fidwardi 

•Kqndd. lliia Uatibun, JtfUV de IGUud, Viiram Shennui. Tliu. Dii, TliQ. d«W«glQi], 

[Kiwl44 Narrii ct »liii. 

Joh'H Ifovard ft Aodmu noirard inter mxdlo* Uiot ffeolTiimentl AUdff AL Tho. 
Tb^wiae f«ct« Tlio^ fil Gt]d«frid OUtaan dc quibusdMn ten-is in psrocbia S" Grrmaiii 
de Wl|<ftlialc> a«H JJaCniD apud Wtgrubale A' Kdw^ Al. rei^iit Kdwj^di ter»o. 

8tv«& Uovard r< Jah'cs, ttatct tjuo iuler atlo4 teilet carta Juli'ij ^ooto hot. Jaoabo 
I fitmt d0 p'ofC' mMaiug. id Wi|Mihale, he. Datum apufl ll^ijffahal A' »cit Kdirudi 
n. n|li Cd»ardi qurlo. 

B«luado WUI'ioi tl. Aic^j de Wigcnliale fncli Joh'i filio WiU'mi Howard miliC, do 
f||lM- <t >no ior- lefTp in VTij^cltnl'^ rt Sjkdcwuwc, \■^ Itil^ ic»Ubi», dumiau Job's do 
i SiMtti He^co de Wnlpol milttibiu. JohsAiic de Rcinbam, AndrVA HvworU, 8te, 
Datua a|rod Woltoo juxu L«iin A^ rfigni RegU Edwordi tUi RecU Bdif«rdi autlo. 

Cvt> Jobuuda HoviLrd militia f>cU Alcxandro Nekolon CipelUDoniotuiCi apud Lean 
E^\ 4u TWi meaauagio, qiaanqiu^t, acrii prati, udo uIbo maruco, et unu Eaoleadino 
tMtitt. dtc qiLir (juidnu tooomeuta quondaiD fVjrninL RlcarOI fil. Ada ile Vi'lu^uliaLa e[ 
q«B aibl dr#caQde^al jure liendtluio pot mort^^m WiU'mi fnlria lui. &e. Illia C*eli- 

loi. d*M JcAk'fl dc ttllop, ilcarico dc Wdpol niilitibiu, WUi'mo dc Fountw WiU'wo ftl. 



Aftdrt« Howud de Wigonlul, ac, et naiti* allia. I>«nim apod VljE<iilule Se uulu 
in rc»u &" lAurvntki imrUrii A* rvjpi regii Gd»ar<U Jtl- rcju Bdvnu-OI dcdmo. 

CvM AliiJiuiJfi Nckcton dpcIUai laat. Jubauui Kuw*ril initih ct Joh. nun 4|u 

de vaa mot^iutf. J^, iit pupr* m carta prrtcripCa in lUla dc ^iccbhAla m iatocIiU !>'* 
Gflrm&Di, Ac, liij< u^tibiis. d'ao Job«aat! de ffitton, liciirico Wdjiol militlbiu, Wtl- 
Vino ije Pfiin«, Wiirrao fit. Andrctf: Hovrud do Wigcnfaal, ft multu kLiU. Datum ijiud 
Wlgcnbal die TEiicri< |ini£inm puvl fvalum 5'^ MiclitvlU ucb u^ A** lUigui ropi 

CvU HftrlhalQm«i fit. JoluiaiLU ie Wigmhil fiicE» Johl llowd de Wiicenli^e 
mJlld dc qiiladctlici act'it \iiittuttoin murlKO 4r WitfcaliOiLv, 4m). UjIb tMCibuA^duv 
Rnhf*r(a iIk iC'-Altt iiiibre. it'uo RubDrto do RunnTon mlLF^r d'na Jahanna 6* flittciu 
iniUlc* d'oo Thu. da Tibejr mililf, Will'mo Honaid. Job> dr KirTilc, &^. ct aJiu. 
Dicom opud WigcdhATp A* Viegtii re^is h^dnard ill. tngit Bdivtrdi duodnimo^ 

LillcrB JiltvrniiU Robrrlf lA'fttCTiI« militU fucU Tho^ At Gnrngia rt Kicardi) li; RLorcro 
oJ libcrfttd. Kipinnm Joh*t Il9«r4rd cC Juliouuic uiuli cjos dc ft<riirU*Ccdtf £> MtAubg- 
liauhfndr- l)4l- iipiid SViffunlutl dir lunv in vnttJno Ixuiii Thfi. ajiuiitoU AniiO refill 
TCjfU Edwurdi Tillj rcffji Edwardi quuto dccimo. 

Caru ^VUl'mi CkL Aadfvw Hownrd d« Wifi-nliAk JanLorU et Job'is fll. B«iiodicti de 
CtrbowtChorp htEa JohaaDt Howard militi iciitori dc tvmji id minjiia dc Wigenb, &C 
[>itiiB Ajmd WigL'Libal clic Sabbntlii prntinif poat fcvlujn d«oIl4liuaiB ^^ J*|i*U &*f ■ 
tUtv \** (U'Cftl fcjiB ICdwurdi tertn prut <'nnqtij»rftim iM^Uto. Hli* iflitibui, JohiaDt 
Kirr^iiJc, Waltoro de PogrDTe, Tbo. Dru, Joba^nc l-ovcdftyc, Rogero dc Wctlc, &e* et 

IU<1(XaIio McrtprcUc qun flilt mor Pttrl dv 6|iflJibn|[«, facu John quo folUmr 
Joh'is llownrJ (niliiii, in omnlbu UrfU cL tcuonvntu i|iik prvdiul* Jobonna tonat lo 
Tirrtantoii ct \Vji]|>uI ut de lJb«ro tvneuf Dt. f^tiod iiboudaat fuA Pcirl dc SrtJdiocv lirt 
»ai, rt quod 3pM dumiTlt nomitie dotb. ^- Datum a pi] (I Lerwii;cb ilju vmcrU pradcac 
pwt fnlucD Sftnclj MuvK EtiXLgtUiUr A° tUfiii FtcgL* bdnirdi icnil t Coaquwtv 
i]UiirCodcttinu> Hib» Uvllbuij Oallhdv dv Bruiianl, Ho^ru dc Drrainfhwa, Hii|vim 
M'liUun. Sso- 

Rclauciu WxH'vi ft], OaL^idi Dii dc lidinctaii facU domino Jeluaai Hamnl mfU^ 
et Abciw uiuri rjiih dir atitiuali nddilu prti *»dcciiri arri« ti^ir'lniunipUdol^tAcjri Ac* 
HlU Uclibuj. EdiDunda Noon. Will'tuo Duroiit Tbo. Dr«ii> Ac. elaiiii. IXituiu Lpud 
SuaUi CtciivLHAflud die lunic |iri>iJm(i |hihV lalum ruriAoil. beats: H&riB A^ Itcftd 
iTCia Bdiiardl lerlit poai Couquimtum ««Uj> dtfifimo, 

CttTLa Jubuuladtf rodcnhun mUltla, Johannla Mvrbr ckridi nl Rjirardi ilc^'iliou 
Ckiila Blar^KliB quv fuil uior di>inlAi Rjbviti Howard mOilii da msDcnia da Tir- 
rin£loii Ft ffar»fdd cum ftodii> Ac. acctlamdc oomlbiu tcrrli ec teactDoatk, rtddkUMM, 
cE lerf itjii in riliif de TiiriDifCoo, Tilnef ^ Walpal, Wett Walton, ffirafddt Breaui^lL«ai| 
Lophom, KerinJnjball, Kjdon, ct Wrotham, cum omnflu* b^crlttibua, Ac^ qua qvon- 
duii b«buitn(i« dc doau ct EfeffuuFulo pntUvU doDklut Robcrtl ll^ivvd, \^^ babcnda 
Ofrtaim prmuKia pmAJcte 'Loiainie Xf irfEaripliv id ttmafiniuii ritm nttt nonfaic plenc dodi 
liiii ntiuakbilStcr conliiKtst. |)OAt inortcu dididonfnl Robvtti inondim tMmkth^, 



aunt diet* MiiTiEantff, omnia premisBii remuicre Qobli id fftciend, el )m* 
. 'tdtbiuRa TnldnlBtvni didi dmniai ItobDrti prvnt in <fiiibu«iJaiia iDdDikLurii <fo 
ttlU&A iolitDUi« «ua |>lruiu» cuntlnelur, Ac. \\\h lestibuB^ JobDLjnc dc ItociLtfordp 
Wlll'aio Hovra-Td. Ac^ ctaliii. Dntum ipud JTcmfdil Ui? fiitrlU in tqiliinsaa PoaUcosten 
h*^ rrfoi rrpi Rklianti tpcundi duodfdiino. 

UUt Buni terrar partiurMiU ilrjmtiitj J^Lmiiil flvvsnl Jallill,vl£.muifTLa ile M'l^rnlui!, 

TritJunHitDDD prtfaEi Rob^-rli tloviiril Hatum apud Kitvloch die: irnrm j^roiimd 
pMt fcacofn EpipUuuir A° rvgni rfj[i* Kicinli vecnudi ]K>«t ConqQCilLuii dccimo- 

P&CcU unitmtB eluoJ tku JoUnvTiee Pli^s mitD> rrcrpi die confcutkonttf v'^'^i^^^k^ 
dfl Roberlo Hi>ttard tvihU p» muaua M'jU'jvI Cooke pro trrDimo Pmcbn ultimo pre- 
tolLn qnbl^aBginta muvai nr^fnt^ in jultIj? lotunuoia Irccrntarvm ruftfi^Hruiii in i[a\' 
biu tden Robcrtus tnihi uaclur a*! luEvcoJ. iq tir* iii<4 pl^o (D*ri(4^lo Mar^bie<ir AUic 
piMB mm J^hnitno Alin Djuiji-m Kuhrfti. prout |iti|aLhuAdAin tndxnliiri* juFt tim fjit^ti* 
jklenEut eoallnetor, Kc^ Datum npud Oilcc In lomiL Euei Aic Joflii Ili irjitltoco* 
pAubie Antto rrgni Rtpi lUorili vcuaili poftl Coiiquf»ruiii i|aArto. 

L^tera aUuinnli Jobnnnl* HoiTBril rattUli KicanJo HoaUt, Slg. nd rapiirntiniu de 
J«Li>uif^ dvci KorCr. cl uliik |»|l-iiaui d pooLAi'ain ttiiii^mn ilo (nancrio du Brvk(4 in 
mmil. RnlT, Sc^ Ikimm viiKnima qturio Ao^iutL A* rcgnt rnfU Hearld acilo pott 
ConqiWBl. qntato dccimo- 

lUx Kdwtrdiu. ^e. omnihui fid* lihui. ftp, Rmnlti quod prn ^r^l^ nflreia othln ululiii 
cdmmtwimitf Johanau Howard mUiU ctTlionitt Howard «rm: nutodJomot lOkriUi- 
IJttOL Johioni* Bcinrfcliicr coniaDgidiut el beredb Jobuinia Douffcblvr milJtU dotniol 
BarMrv, (^ai ite ncbii tenuil in Mpilr, ai«, It'eod. prafatia Johuiai Uuvjirdrc TboniB 
eiMntfUni el niiriUj^Luni iibviUD divpcrngatioiie, &o. T«4tc rrf-e ojtud Wcitukn (i dJe 
Aagattl Adoo n^i 1t«^t Kriwnrdi t^iurtl deeima qoMrtn. ^A n^iiJ/t Rt^h, 

XXXV 11. 

Jtfr. C»i»d^ to Sir Itobrrt Coii<Wi reMpfettnff the tottn of Manu- 
Ktipt* to hisnvc}/ and Mr. ft^^rtimrdM Sir f/eanf} Savile, 

[Cotbm, MS. Jol. C. tit. rcL sob. l}rtff.} 

The iBuucripU of Pf Ikuui and Froipor tptAta of to the Letter Immediatflir tirfortr 
(W nmltri arc Ebove »c^ll preAcrrcd iathc CotloniaD Cotkailoii' Onct I>pidU. I. ToL 41*. 
*' Ijbflllq* id bifCraendai puBrOA, «iib somiac PrfkcUsi oompontai* chAracroribua 
SaMaicu/* The oUvr. Tib. A. ru. Si>\. UrT^. '* Ventu f|uid«ia Pniiprn* rharadare 
■adqiio An^'Saxosieu : mm veraiooe Sot^mci tiiicrlui«arl> Fra^nKalnm ei InUt- 
|r» iiuodani Prctfperl libra." 




You maye ioiajfine how especially you inaye pleaniirc mc yff you 
send me your Prinrian and IVotper to peruxe* und you shall more 
pleasure Mr. Saxnll yff you will mediate wllh my L. Burghley for 
the Loafie of Chhsoatomcs Grecke Copie in Genesim to furtlier his 
laudable purpose ; and bin Lordfthippa Greek Euclide. He rclieth 
wholy uppon you, aii<l would mo»t gladly uiidcrHUnc] by Sonday 
night what he maye trust unto. 



Mr. Camden to Sir Robert Cotton^ a^ain to horrow Rooh and 
Paperijrom Aw Literary. 

[Cuctuu. MS, JiU- C. 111. tvU 100. OrV-1 

Right worthy Syr, 
That in my Holitarineft here I may aroide the deadly nnne of 
SloutTi, ] ain now an humble suitor to you that you would send me 
by William Holland my servant the Book of lleTaldr)-^ if youhar« 
bound it up, or a.t it ix. Or ?iomc otlier booke or I^iperit which 
you Hhall think fitting ray studies or delight, 'llie Booke of 
I'Vance which I lately reeeared, standeth me in small steed, for I 
pcrecnve by my Nolcs, that I have had it heretofore. And tho-- 
fore 1 will shortly returne it Your Absolon de Vita GuUdad is 
the very same that other call F<chi Moniichus:« and I have 
allready both it and the other conjoined therevnth. But for Theo- 
duluA I never Hawc him before, llm* presuming of your antient 
kindiicas, I rcAt 

Yours in all most aAsucredlyf 

Wtt-t'u Caudbn. 

iacarto tcttfUtn S—oalee tcm,'* 




Ur^ Cftmd^n U Sir Rodrrt Cotton : quite at tht ch^e qf^fe, 

[Coteon MS. Juliai C. Jit (qI 151 b. Mg,] 

*■.* ^'' ^ *^* <*f *^ 1*>' IrfHtcn wbUh Mr. CamJvn vroco, or »tli«r nfiiedi fbr 
th« ciffMCvn oalr >■ bii, SU Umr? Iir>arfchirtr« ARrrwartftt EltI oT Balb, vrltint To 
Dr, Uvbvr, tbn biibop of MtttUi, April ICth. H?^< uffi. " Afr. Camd«o ii murb 
teAjHl, rf rtnU piAnt tO'\/rctmt4 in *o muoh [b«t 1 doubt bu Meodi thdl ciOC tnJDr 

On Aiiifual IHih, 16'^, Jij Mr. CatnJeTx wba attlbg tbouchtAilly in LU cbalr, be auJ- 
ikolj JoiC tb« UH of hii h4Adi tad fcrt, B*d Fell down ujxin tbo floor i bat pmently 
raxncrcd hl> stmigtb^ «iid jot u]h t^n mthont rc<:cfTJiig iht hurt. This noddvRt 
«ai toUoredbra*cvrrcntorUiDc». trhit^ cndodln bii dsatb, NoT.9tb, 16U,ittho 

pUcfl «bab« Uic prtHol leltcr !■ datnl. 

C>]vd«Bi in « Ifrttfir ta Dr. irihff. nft^rrfjirclii «rrhbi#hori of Arma^li, prinit^d in th** 
A pp en d to P«rr'« lAU of Uiher, siTttB Ibu foITo«me nborl biognphy of liimtelT, 
dtUd Chnilbunti Jolf ^0» I^IH, 

" 1 iliink God mj lift hftih bun tranh aoon^ mm, ■« t tm ndtbcr uhunfid to lin, 

OOr fear In die, brfa^ ncruni in CKrinl mj iUv^our, in whoar truf nl^giou J itiu boru 
Rod bml tn Ihit litnc of Kin{ Edwinl VI, iind hnvf rrmlinariL finn chrmti, 

*■ And lo moir jou my ConfrvtQr, nb tigUh Cift^ft»if*nit. \ look my Oalb Iher*- 
anco Jit nxj AUlritzulttloa in ibr UnUcfilty of Oxod (when Popery ifu iiirdomiDUit). 
isd, Eior Ihc der«utliig tbe rcligioa ntnUislipd, L lost t fcUowihip m AU-Souli, m Sir 
Daiij«I Dun DOCiM IrAtlAf, and v^d would nUt« ho«v 1 wta tbm oppui«d bf tbts 
Popifh Pw<JOD. At tnf mmifig lo Wftitminttvr t toole ihtf Ubr Oalb. whfn ^flAtJ/ 
jMiMtiat Qod n blewcd my Ubours, [hut tbe nov bl*liO[>ii ot iMndan, Durbkm, aud 
Su Atfpbf to nj DOlhlug of poioni emplojcd nov (n tmljipnt place obroul, kod oiAny 
Of especud OOU tt homr of aU dcfrcifti do •chnowlcilei^ ilipniNclvn la bir« been tay 
Hboiwt- Tt«t 1 brnu|;bt (h«rp ic Cbureb dlT<n gvittlMUfln o EreUbd. a* Wakbca, 
Nnitv!*tj, O'RvlfT^, S1ii-»4, lbs ablui nan uf the ftrobbiibop of C^ailbi. Petre Loiu- 
bird • mtrobant^ xjn of W&tfrford, « yoatb of idminibio duciUCv uid otbon br«d 
pVfibMTi uid *o dTcctCEl. 

'* t boov not Tho majr Jtullj f*7 tl»l 1 wu ■aib&Uoui. vbo DODLenit*d nyvelf in 
V<«laiintl«r School wk«Ti 1 writ mj BritaanU, ukd elvTep j*mn afltrwanl e who 
rvfuvd ■ M«stfnbip of Rcquriti offered, «nd Ibca hid tbe plioe of a Kuic of Armi, 
vttWiat tnj •utt, o^i aj)OA mr. I did c«v«r «fe uil kfter prveent )>rrfcnntAtii, or 
iiiifil (o UMT bj^bcr bf otbert. 1 nertr nBde vuit to tny inito, no not to HLn 
HaJcUy, brdi RiT A matter of courtr loiiilrnt lo mj pbvf ; nrltber (<rod be ^laJicJ) 1 
M^dcd* huvbiiE ||>iktr«d a cDulcnlcd tuflOcitiaojr bj njr long laboun in Iht KehooL 



Ifhj tfac AiMifttUi bIiouTH fo Mnnrr roc* t fcnov not, (ml (hat mea of all httaUMtl 
iepiir UDtO mo ia ettftvi of uj pUcr ; cad rcat o^nt'^nL to br brlidl bj hlfn. vba b 
mil wbfmiFij to belie th« Lord* Pcpalici of IrclAnil uid olbcn of booonble iwik. 

SrJ 4dc ti^i tmi, rt mh." 

Sir llpTir7 Unnrgt-hiir, vriimg t^in U> bJihop UthfT, Nor, 29, 169:X, ■*;■' '* ^' 
liUi prodigioiu f vcnU, m that vt tlio f&lt t)f ihv How* ia BUckfHm, bcins tdolcd in 
(fare* vvend PiiiiiplitrUr tJie 1«Ev dangtroiu Fire in Landoii, with *oai« otbcn of tbM 
kIM, ttotial nov be ai:« to jour Lor^lsbip. Th« jAtnt which I auavl ffrod jiMii U 
tvr7 wd ukd dvlor^u*, being of Ibr dctoih uf our Ute urortlij frifMl &)r. Cuiid«o> 
vboM Pbiwral ve ■oLcmniitd at W«ciitiitiaitr ari WednEftffjy IaaI in thr ftflrrnooD «ilh 
all da* BQlviDDitr : ai wtkh wai prtuut a great AHembly of all oonditioiii and dpcron ; 
tbc Scnooa vu prcAcliciJ bj Dr. Sutton* «bo tiwd« « trac, crtp, and invdeal coaiiDi* 
Wntion of tiu Zifr. Ai be woa not fiicUou* la rtiJgloB, m nektbcr wu be wavortDf or 
faMoaiUDt, of wliLcL hv gBic (fuod t<*(ltDii4j nt biB fixil ; pn>f7Miii|[ ia the GtordlWD of 
hi* bsl Will uid TuUnicnl. ibnl li»^ diiil u Uk had thrj. tu Uje hixh^ conripnaicin, 
■nd f«|]rMr»bip of tlw Church of En^^liuid' lib Library (1 hv^) will fjill to mj nban^ 
by aa ngrpctacM brtvtf n bii tivcutun ind mc, wttirh I nucb duin. putlj ^ ^P ^ 
tattre« and out of Iotf to (be defunct TEie original copjr of thr iKi:ond Pin of hi* 
aiiisaf'tlS, It in mj Imada, *HLic1i Id lutoodcd to bd nborlly priDbd. WjUiia & dmj Of 
tw». Sir Robert Cotton and mf»lf iDtriid to so into bi* Study, nhkb b yd thut up, 
■od iU«r? to lakt ■ doff of hU Papon, otiitciallj of auch eLId^ ai an Ivit cf bM ova 
writing/' >► 

Fulkr hai glvni a abort Uenoir of Camden In bU " Holjr SUtfr,' ' fbl. Cbmbr, I64e. 
(. 1.15. 

Ixieh. Treatiw of lUMg, and Uamiofi. fitl. Lond. IG5<?, p. ISO, a«r*, tb*! Pope 
Urban tbe 8Lh, wbu had th' PtrturcH of diTcr«l*aniedinea, had oolj the FWtuita «f 
two EoglUhmcii. Sir Thomu Moic oad Maitui CiuiiSK. 

With much ^riefe I uii<IcrsUnd »onie comjilamt havQ lately 
came to the rij<rit ftolile L^rd the Karl Marshallr the chicfc ^uulc 
of our Office. toucMriK some such us were cleput for mee in this 
yecTv-n A'ixitatioii. I hope his LortlsJiipp will excuse mcc, Ihnt hy 
reason of my infinnity cannot iti pemon attend that service^ and 
the decUon of Mini&ters not liein^ left to inec but liaiited to 

" Hiia al)ad«a to aom« a»pflr«oiu opon Hr. Canden ia ut ■AaDjrmciua «orb ■taieb at 
thiti tiuir wcot trj the tburL luuir of (tfhuilkcf4> i^iuiled at Culufiw in 1619, %ht Fall 
tAlt. toftfther wUb rni aeecnnr c4 which, ivill bo found In Niroltoa** Irish llbloriMJ 
librvfT. 0^1. ITTS, |». 4. See •ho f ariona Lcttcn in GdL. Ca^denl Bpbt, #i^ Load. 
J694, p|K SOg, 311. Slot 23G, 345,dMJ. 

* rart'a UfV of titer. LeiKn, pp- J07, 3l>l. 



thoao of the Office, I fun n>n-tlrayiied to use notr other. If ihcy 
be not soc f»jTc in tlwir tarhiges vi» llicy should, it is not mync 
bu: tbc fault of them that placed tticm in their rooroes. I intreat 
you (a3 the deerejit of all my friends) to be my just advocate unto 
the Ukfble person, whose birth fuiJ mcrrit I holil ever sacred to 
mee above all others* And since I pcrccavc that my selfc shall 
hftTo but hard measure from them in accoumpt of fees due to meet 
and my infinuity barrctli mee to ittirr in my i>^'n{^ ri^ht, 1^ mee I 
pray you, with my good frit*nd and yours Sir Henry Bourcher, 
joyiie to take the accoumpts, and if you finde any bad caria^e by 
them to mee or tlie I'ublirk, to offer up my humble romplaynt to 
my good lord tJic Enrlv Marshall, and what you too shall tlicrtiin 
doc, I shall accoumpt by my sclfc done. Aud will ever as 1 have 
becji^ rem&yne 

Your most alTectionate 

Will'm Camdhv, Ctartncimr. 
22^^ (^clolier. 

Tq tlifl pvoi^lof Letter, Camiten alludts to a n^eat ViAirjiUon laAdt for Um hf bia 
4«|nttiai, Ib fift. the tihot^ cif rnmilcn't Viaiuikoiu, «rhil«i Tin hi-ld Ihi^ OlHHOf CU- 
rlmi, 9tre iiioiifi hj il<|iutio« ur niAriihhLJs : m will bf Mm by ttic rnUcjinti,ic Liit of 

I Vbitditiimj rtmiiLEdnf in tho CaUc^ of Armt, which hu been kuiilljcoiiiaiunLi;*ted 
Cq lire fiditor bj llio, WiUiarn KiniE. Eai). Ron^racoaH 

1CI3, SttlTolk . . . by John Rttvca, Richnond. 

IC13. Norfolk . . by Che vmc- 

1ltl3. Uabliagd^a . , hy N^flboUt Chuin*, L*aeMter, 

1G14. Ei»u , . . , b; John tUivci, Hicbaioud. 

1010, 161». Northtinpton «id > . . „, 

Rotkikd tb^Ao^Brtinc ViD^ftt, RouffvHoM. 

1C19. C*liibEidgQ . . < probuhl^ by Sir Ucn- Si. Oc«ff« i u Drooke, Id 

■ MS- CalA^oicue of Vliirnfinni. Kfijv fbhl ihd 

ItflO. LdocitCf . . bf 8smM>n LciKinrd. filuciDUiLlc ; uid AuputiDQ 

Viiueot* Kougc Uo*c- 
l€l]r. WmticL . • . 1i| UiOHOic. 


LsrriRB or kuii^rvt uiteraky ukk. 

Wj John Pbilpot, Rou|«iInson. 

bj Sir lIcrirT 3K. Gpoigo, VUcbmoud i ud SftibMB 

hj John Pbilpot* RoufVcEnifoa. 
I^HraryChttliav, Che*t«ri nd Jobn Phil pot, 

VlnciTDi, Koufc Croti. 
bj Elobert Tr«a<rel]» Somenet ; •dA Aaf. Vlfr* 

WUu, Dor««li uid So- 1 Vf tUorj St^ Ceqrgc. Ruihmob J | uJ Sahhii 

A miaU tliLn qiurto loliuno or GruxU «&d Coatrautioiu, " wntlfD ftnd trickrd bj 
ym»]f/' likewiK miuuoi in the CuUefVi 


Kent . 

D«f DQ ud Carnwtll 


Berks . • 


Oloucstlsr . 

I633p Sftl4p 


Chrlfltrpbrr Ifv^Hoii h*gir« a l^tttPr (o Camd^* '* I nfirer doubled joor (Ood opl- 
Idon of Aj(trolo|7." 

Cbirlfli Bu-avell, Eiq. of the Brlt(jih MuHnm, from bli rich Bii»lheinaEic«l Ubnrr* 
rHBOttir lent the Editor of iho pr«f-at Volume, " (^i- Ftolemitl PclatiCDMtJi Milb«Ba4li;l 
*' OpcriJi quAdripofliti, la Lttioqna Scrnaoiacm Trviluctio : &djcctSs llbH* pdvUrieribojf 
" Antonio Goehvb GriTitna. Laterpnlf. Lorui. t^H." Alo. Ta the Utlcpa^Ec, lu Cui- 
dca'* handt la wrltl«A, " ICx UbrU OuilidntI Cflnidml OiOEiieoam." NotDft in biioira 
hud arc placed kn tha AitronomiHl pari Ihrengbout ; but trt ia m»Dj p»ff«> mfof • 
Ewulclj cut off by tho luukblndvf' 

At Tbc botlvm of Uw weiHid ft^ Id iho ohftpCvr '■ Da Parendbiu,'* in Ub- III- btU« 
Obicrralioa : 

" Edttardi Setti An^LJK rrgii lUKviuima mitcr, Jiiuii T^rnnrr, m iutrvitat« ftlii B d 
" »«nli,cc«i cJuL gcueu pakt Uabrrc ^ cadcn«no in 30 difniUUbut anlcficanim domo 
*' Id O infclicca icoa aJ ' J qaod aliuiatiAiJl dlUcFniCionFiii fctT^. VciicnNa 
" ^awiD^ in aun nuiti mfarrunacam. i^> nami bvnH&oiu awvxit.*' 

In nnolbcr Note uj^on part of Ihc cbaplcr " D« Coq|d^o/* In lib. Uii, be nyi 

" Qaod fcrlicii mpmoriK Hfi nwtor tntictis*. HcnrLcujt 0<1aviu ux morn habull, 
" ^naruEa dua rc|iiuli«flit, ilunjt dccolLatit, «a»iful hiLOC ctuum I'Ardtnui. fnit ^ 
" cm Umptd* gt O. (( ia 7. U ^ dipuC. ^ In TTJf i&fgelld a&gDu at □ 3J IoAeIicIk'' 




JoAn Borough to Sir Hoi/fTt (Motion. J Proclamathn at Rome 
J'otfrtddinrf (he itelttng ManKscriptg tnca^, icithoni perm^sion, A 
Jatmu$ Litr^rg (^MSS. ojftretl/or aale ai feutce. 
[CoClM>< MS. Jol. C. lit. fill. l-». Or^O 

\* John Boroo|:b. tlUfwtnU Ifion) ts Sir John Boreoffh, Girt«r Frtncipal ICiufr of 
A/w*i ■■> oiuij copies of «ho«TfOJtU« *' on ihcSoiercl^ly of Ihc Poar Seu" v<tj> 
be IvunA in out Ikfmucript Libnuiof. 

At ihr mill uT ihe OifurJ fditioa of Dultrquiuf *a Wbr^ji, iGoiu, I^AlX tntrrtni of 
ftia L«ttmto Hni^li tw^ttfiM, aB vSlliout pbca «r dau, «nttt|«d '* UurrM Iap«tiu 
iltfranik*; ct^aKikm>f4atioriiaItquatulUiiiaiiiittl£pbloltt.'' TLMow«refirttp«l>- 
lKpftraUlf»ai Oiford, in 1643. 
BefMgli coitiDUalcAic* lo Jjkr Kobcrt CoUon, la 1hL< LcHt, the tfiffitraltj wliicli tmd 
L to tbn iri|wnui|; of Maauacripl* ti^m Roiav ; but K«uic wt* tvn iltc oidjr |iIidS 
ban A r«4lr*lBt, ta Kir Robert rotton't limr. vu put ui>oii foch nnonlii' 
TbeCMlonitt Maamoript T««|iat. F. xiia. foL 32M, preMnviuk otnol Iron J'B. 
■ Cftrdoni^ rrlitiiiK tc tbir mnriDcir in wbJcb ManiuvflpUf fou&J in Flunnori vera for* 
!flj MtfuRd far ttfl piibikf LLlirary, 

Eft cwuUU ioh. Dapt, CardoofB B(A«o<ifl DwloiuJ* do Dkbliotboca 8aiu:I;1 LauRbtU 
lUUfinm fnpDSiliiiii. 
Cnui poM otnitstm llbrii oilhfrnJIs iptiHtmuia, quod FlorrTitijr dlligFtitjsiima 
^fcwi iirw. Nmiiiil m oi ttrb« |j«i, qui Uhtiriiu «U* libnim ullum lauiucriptara 
ctilquan ica<S«n, niii print lUum honiiiL mdun cnidlto oAtnidcL, «Qi ft {Hoc Ylitna* 

I M UOfaCii dalbia ut, tn UhmiB Tid«ti ai «t oUcuJu* iuomCull« curkt fvnclTl 
I Dbnrio, H libnim ja biTilntOifiiMi publioa reponi : ^tque ita nan pcrCiiTil mond* 
I Tttoraoi *«^p1oram, ikcquo ctkn in prir«Ui btblioUiMu qntn «epfl}antyr B«id 
I Ift RlfpcoU, Refon C!piico|ili ac pfoCmoriho* nwikhrtt ntlb c«Ht, «l ta tu 
: Ulocmi « niiOTDr <ttnirpi, n« veicnim liliri ppnimi. iftd cotUgCManw Ab eU 
■ DkbllalbiAm miLionntw 4 ad HiBf|iic iwq tJblbcnt ipil»niin M>IIW, 
kactinn wtvtUcraCrL 

Most tiohlc Sir llol>crt Cotton, 
I hiTC ihxH vrcckc rcecivc<i tiotico that Mr. Norgftte ie parted 
&ORI Home tD coroptinic of Mr. Onge for CngUiid : ftiul that there 
is % prodanuttkrn made in Rornc^ that no Manu»cnptit nhoJl be 
iokl to uiy man, but by coJisctit> &ti<l prtvatly of the Governor in 
that bchalfc ordoincch U^crtupon 1 shall hardly before ray 
coming to En-lnnd be able to sAtiifyc you eonocaming tlic Lcgier 
Bookea; but I will take ftudi cnxc that if not beer in Italy, yet 




either in our vmy homeward or in Kngland I may be cnformed of 
tJiutanJ father busincs, which you gnve me in charge. 1 am in 
doubt the Proclamation will nuike llie purchase of M«iu«cripts at 
Rome more dillicult, but a gooti price, or recompcncc, will mako 
wny through all diliicultics. I hnvc thus ilsiy licard of a private 
Library hccr in Venice, most famous for Manuscnpts, to be HOld, 
and am promised a C!atalof:ue of iho particulars ; wherein if I findfi 
any tliingc worlh your Jewell house I wiil either purchaite them, or 
make mcana to naylc tbom untill you may take further order. 
Sir Hen. Howard in now perfectly recovered of his lateaicl 
340 thnt I liopc this next wcckc wc fdiall vet for\i'iLrch for Knglnnd^^ 
where* as 1 am heer, 1 will never fayle to give you guod tcstimonie 
that I am 

Ytf" faythfull sicrvant 
tnd poorc kin&mAn, 

John Borouoie. 

Venice iR Aug. 

Thnm tmn hf no Jonbt tbnt tlie ManaEcript* beri- ullodtd to wtro tlio BarooalAn 
CoUccClon, UQV in ibci lludlciaa Llbrn/y at Oifirrd, Arc]iljiglii>p L'aher, lo « Letter from 
Dublia, Jan. '2-2, IG^tf. layi, 

" TIihC rAui^uh Library of CtUcomo Btirocirii i genll^niRn of Venice, coniilCLnf of 
two buudrcJ fifiJ foily-two EuaiLU^eript Viiliim», ■■ imw brought iulo EnffUnd by Mr> 
PffllUerilone tbe slalioHor. Gmt pity it wtre that niii-b ■ f rpjuure shouid hr iTitsl. 
pat«d, aod lh« DioKa itiipcncd into |>mati^ bEir>flB. If by your Lord«Lip'< mndUtiuq 
\h'^ Klng'n Mig»ty migbt be iiulucrd to takt tbem into tils ovra bmJ, uid add tbfrr^ 
unto Umt ntv Cullvfldou ur Arabic ManuscrlptJ, vlilCh my Lord Dukn of nuukmgtLun 
piin^hiifd frcim tbe liein nf KiiKMiim, it notild miilip tbal of Hit M^oaly'* 4 royd 
lilimry iniii-H, uud nmkc ><:>[□<; rr(!DiR|iriiM« of tbal moompnrabEe lOiH frhich ir« have 
Uloty hUKlflhiod hi (bif Librufy of llt^iddbtrrg^" Parr'A Life of Uahcr. LrttcT*. p. 400. 

Sir Hrnry Bourgchwr, writing to An-'Ubithop Uabcr, April Li, Ib'efl, uyB, ■• I doubt 
nvt but yvur Qraco bn^b beard of tLt Gieek Libruy 1>roii£Ut frvui Venice by Mr* 
Pithiintnn. vbidb iha Entl nf Pembmlif? holh boiigliF for lb« L'nivenily Library oi 
Oxfords Jt contbim £!*}<} i fUere nreoribnn 2M)voImnfii. Dr. Ltadiell, Qdw Jkaa of 
LletiAeld, tc\h att tbnt iC ii 1 grcMt treuuTf^, f&r uoecditiji Clir Catolugnc. He likewise 
tdli tat- ibai tbcrc arc a grc«t number of tjiccllrnt Tracd Of thn (irtvk Fithers, utrer 
^t publiilicd, bcaldcri dircrt utiL-ieDl lliilonami and GroBrapbrri; and pttrticulaily, ibst 
tbere ii ta much of ChrjtOBtoio. u nilJ make b vuIuow equal to ao; of thotc [itibHthi*d 
bjSirH. SatIL^' Ibid. 





Dr.Jamcf Utker^ BUAopcf Meath^toSir Robert Cotton. Employed 
by Khtff James to urite tAe Aniit/tiitm of the Britinh Church* 

[r^jllob. MS. Jul, C, III, lol. \:,ti. Oris.] 

Noble Sir, 
After my dcpnrturc frona youj whcii I liad act loyaelfc clotw Ui 
my norkc^ It plciijicd God to \v%itc me witli a quarlaiiT vliidi Italli 
htltl mc new abijvc & qu&itcr of a )'Corc, which huth uiucli liuidc^cd 
my progrcssc in tliat business. lA'Iicii U ?ihiiU |)Icube God tu restore 
me to my bealth, I will ciidcttruurtu recnimpcEirc what is {>ast^ nut 
only in ooiiti»uc)ng the lli^toTy of the 13iUtIaib> ScottUlr^ uud 
Iriah btryond tJic ycure COO (vliere 1 purpoat;d Lo utiiit iny Aelfe) 
ontilt ihc yc*rc 1000: but alw (if it nliuU n» ;ircmc gotjd to his 
Ma^') to coll4:cl tlic hUtory of th(? SuAon Church, untill the 
cunicing uf tlie Nuniieumeii. To yuu only uru I, mid muHt be mgrc 
bchotdutg for fumishui^ m<; t^ith tnatiirkllx, for whidi 1 profussc I 
mn uTiiihle to render you toiidigne thank^s, and therefore must 
Ic&vc tliat rcqiiitiLlI Ut Llh Mu<t who itt^tlctli int; uti uurki;. 

The lirsC bookcs that I NbuU lisive njKCittil iiccdc of will be Wtl* 
Ixam of Mahueabury his bookc of the anticjuity of GUhtoiihurye^ 
which 1 pray procure for me a« sooiic as you can. And if l>y Mr. 
Boftweil'a raeanva you c^ii hclptj me to anotlier bookc called itaUa 
.WajttratQ^ which i?i a volumi? of dix'crs hitc Writ^^rs tliat have 
rirrittcn of the mutUTa uf Italy,"* it nould due mc a greaK^ pleubuw. 
But till tiod send me ht^altlk T cannot pronnsH^ you to due any 
LmMIer. I wiehthat God may prcnrrvi^ yuurx lotig, for tlic 
irtlicrAiice of tltoHc and miuiy oih<.'r proJiudjle worker. Aiid so, 
DOt forgetting my kindest retuernhnrnt'e tt> myl*ady,I rest 
Yo' owno most ossuns]^ 


Much Hadham, 
90D«o«mbpr IGS4. 
* *'1talUUtuiUBUi >ifiBncramIttlk«ruui&iiptorc«TMlli"cdlt. ab A. Cwuliicrio, 



Archbishop Usher to Sir Robert Cotton. Describes the Manuscript 
qf the Samaritan Pentateuch which he had recently procured. 

[MS, Cotton, JuJiiu C. in. fol. l&» b, On^O 

Worthy Sir, 

My weakness Js such, that T am thereby disabled, as to write 
any letter myself, so to dictate very few. And therefore, as here- 
tofore 1 was bold to include you in a Letter to my Lo. of Landaff, 
so at this tyme 1 take the like boldness to include my LfO. in your 
letter. This Bearer is not a stranger unto me; for I have been 
something acquainted with him in Ireland : but for my tume be is 
altogether uniit, having never read (for ought I can leame) a mama- 
script in his life. For Scollers to retayne for roe 1 have as many 
as any Archbishop in England already ; the tume that I would 
have presently served is the getting of one that hath already been 
tryed in transcribing of manuscripts, and will sitt close to worke. 
For when God hath restored me to ray health, 1 know not bow 
short a tyme 1 have to stay in the Country. Touching the Sama- 
ritan Pentateuch, the copye which I have is (as I guesse) about 
three hundred yeares old; but the worke it self commeth very 
short of the tyme of Esras and Malachi. 1 have compared the 
testimonyes cited out of it by the ancient Fathers, Euaebius, 
Jerome, Cyrill, and others ; and find tliem precisely to agree with 
my booke, which makes me highly to esteeme of it. I have perused 
the fragment of the Chronicle which you had from Mr, Camden; 
thought to be a peece of Simeon Dunelmensis, but find it to be 
nothing els but a ])eece of Roger Hoveden, and to be cleane with- 
out the compass of the tyme which Bale and others assigne unto 
Simeon's history. I pray remember my hearty affeccon unto my 
Lord of Landaff and Mr. Secretary Mourton, and still account of 
me as 

Yo^ true and faithfull friend, 
Much Hadham, Ja, Armachanus. 

2 Maij 1G25. 




AixMuhop Usher io Sir R<tbcri Cotlon. AcknowM^CM to Aarc- 
rrC€iv€d wrhus manuscripts /roiM Sir Ro^at ipoH /<*««* ^rpc- 
mtt^s Uhrartf on *<iU : with his Matrices of the QrUnltd han^ 

CB[& CotCoB. Jal C* 111. fol> li9 b. OrigC^ 

Wnitl^yft Sir, 

I have r«c*irc<l from you the HUtoryc of the Bishapn of Dur- 
ham " togither with fflwre Ancii^nt copvcii of the Pnalm^s ; whereof, 
that which hA*l» tK(5 Snxon int4?rUtieary trnnslation inserted, \% the 
old Ronihn Ps&ltcriiim : the otler three «re tlie »amc with tliat 
which i* callt^il CJiilHctini PsnUcritim, But 1 har*? not rcct^ived 
thflt which I RtoacI most in need of ; to wit, llie Psalter in y*, 
which is distinguished wttli obeti«k»j nnd Etx tori skew. I |)ray you 
tJicrforc «rtid it unto mc hy my sprmnt, this bearer j aa aUo the Life 
of Wilfrid written in proae b^ a nameless Author that livei) about 
the time of Bcdc> The other written in rcrsc hy Frid<fgoduM,« I 
eivod from Mr, Buntett : together with Willielmu^ Malnies- 

nenM. de Vitis Pontificum Aogl. ct S, Aldlioliui,'' Befur« you 
l«kvo Lgn<lon I pmy you do your beat to get Master Cmahawca 
MS. psalter into your hmidri; and send it to Mr. Bunielt to be 
conveyed uoto me. 1 doubt not, but l>efore this lime yuu liavc 
dealt with Sir Peter Vnnlorc for obt^uuing Krpcniu* hii Hebrew, 
Syhocb, Arnbick, and Persian books^ and the Mntrircvi of tho 
I^cttcm of the Oriental! longuAgcs/ If he tuterpo^e bimselfe seri- 

■ TIm llUtarr of (he Biihapi of Durhim ao« Tonm tbe flrvl pvt of the Cottoaiaa 
^ N<n U be Fouad In the ClutlAn. MN. Tlim A. xrni, loL II. 

* CbuJ. A. I- " tlrc*tlu4jutum tils, Tiitutuiu, <t vUtui U. Wll/rldl cpf»eo|il el 
»mr avcfan PHitf(«*k, N^Lxi Odonii irchlep. C«nto«r. carEcine hcuni4iro 


' Noviu lltf wlamrCioufl. A. v.faL45, llj»b, 

* KqwoiMiidi«aNov. 13, IUY4. 


ouslye herein^ it is not to be doubted but he will prerayle before 
any othen But what he doth he must doe very speedilye: 
because the Jeauites of Antwerpe are already dealing for the Orien- 
tal! presse, and others for the Arabick and Syriack, Hebrewe, and 
Persian books.* It were good you tooke some order, before you 
went, how S^ Peter may signifye unto you when yon are in the 
countrye, what is done in this businesse. If he send to Mr. Bur- 
nett at any dme (who dwelleth at the signe of the three Swannes 
in Lombard-streete) he will finde some meanes or other to com- 
municate what he pleaseth unto me. I thank you very hartilye 
for the care which you have taken in causing my Samaritan Bible 
to be so fairly bound, I have given order to Mr. Burnett to con- 
tent the workeman for his paynes. And so with remembrance of 
my best affections unto your selfe, and the kinde Ladye your wife^ 
I committ bothe of you to Gods blessed protection, and reste 

Your own most assured, 

Ja. Armachanus. 

Juli 12, 1625. 


Mr. afterwards Sir James Ware^ to Sir Robert Cotton. Presents 
him with a MS, Register of St. Mary's Abbey, near Dublin* 

[CottoD. M& Jul. C. III. foL 199. Oriff.} 

Noble Sir, 
I cannot but remember with tbankfuhies the many curtesies 

' Archbishop Uiher, vriting to Dr- Samnel Ward, June 33, 16SG, ujh " Since t 
wrote oDtoyoaJuC, I have received iotelligeuce from Lcydenthat nil Erpeniiu'i Printed 
Booka are alre&dy sold { and his Matrices of the Oriental TongneB ore bought bj EUe- 
lir the printer there ; so that dow yon muat content jOTiraelTeB with hia MBsnicripts 
only, vhich are a very rare treasure indeed, and for which your University aholl n»t 
moch beholden unto your Chancellor." Farr'a Life of Usher, Letten, p. 343. From 
a Letter of Archbiahop Usher already quoted, it appears that the Duke of Buckingham 
pnrchucd Erpeaios'a Collection of Arabic Manmcripti. 



■"which I ivr^ivcfi from you nt my last bping in Knglnn*). I liave 
now,&fteralmofttayeAre*a atay. returned unto you [by this bearer) 
the MS. Life of St. Modwen:* fttid with itiuA»miJ1 token of my 
krre I wn<I you nn old Rcgisler of St. Mary ,AldK*y by Oiililin.*" 
TliU Abbey vos one of the ricbcst in possessions in thU Kingdome. 
If 1 roay heare from you of any other thing you have ii de^irr 
unCo, tourUing (»ur }n%h AnUquities, you shutl not wnnt therein 
my l>e*t rndcAvor^t, Sir, you promised iiny- (its I rcmcmbor) at my 
last being there to procure mee the use of some old IriKb Annnles, 
which then were witli the Earl of Totnes, I desiire yon (if yon 
can) to send them by this bearer Mr. Lake, ]inE!ighbour of mine; 
And if not now« then by the nejLt convenient messenger. Ileerin 
you will furtlier oblige 

To' true frend and 
Dublin, I9f Junij \G2T^ Ja. Wabi* 


IViUuttM Bfti^U, aj)*^ttards Bishop t^ tCHmore and Atdagh in ftie* 
hmd, fa Sir Hubert Cotton^ chitfiy cttncrmin^ a Roii t>f Kvidmcett 
fif nary Ahhey, 

[MS. Cocion. Jul. C. II). fol. iet>. Ori^.'\ 

%■ Aliliop tIcdfU, bora at niack Nolt«^ la Bmrx in IflTO, irt« [ircBealoil in IMK 
folk* Litinic<'f Hnntinflthrrth iti SiiAnlk, wlK^i^r^i he iluFrt tlilj LcllPr- Ifi Ifj*^ \te 
«HtlMCftl I'roroMc'f'n-inKrrallViEi;, llubliii, and on the nth Svpt. 10:29 vu go&m- 
«AD(d BUio|iorKiloicirt and AnUgti, it DrugWa^ He ilird Feb. Tib lfi4l. 

Salutem in Cliri!it« Jesiu 
I received this other dny by Sir E. Askew a Notfl from you, 

* Now Mf^ Cotton. Cleopitn A. ii. Codm in«mbrui. ia 4Cfi. rob. " ViU S, 
Nodwm Viripau Hibvrii]GV|]>er UilfriiJumKiljft, BiirIancD«em muiudiacj." 
^ HS, C«tUiii. Tibf r. A. m. 


l&ttkhs or ruixcnt LireiiART UBX. 

wherem you cLtitne a promise of mc of the Psalter of David 
vrrittcn by RiccmartMis in the Irish hand, aud u Roll of the En- 
deticcs of Bury Abbey, For the former of them it i» yet in the 
hands of my L. Primate of Armagh, to whom 1 sent it by Dn 
Wanie white he \i'as here in KtiglancI, iind at my beeing with hira at 
Droghcda this sommcr, lie told me be did esteeme it ever for titt 
tranalatioti sake [being not the Vuliii;Hr, but according to the He- 
brew verity)- Aitd in trufh. Sir, besides the use that 1 conceix'ed he 
hftJ of the Tables and Kalendcr in the beginning, being in hand 
with somethiDg about the Ecclesiastical Compt^ that poorc King- 
dome, as I am perswadeH, may have special! uae of it in the new 
tmnHlation of tlje Psalter, whirh may be well countcimnfred with a 
monument of that antiquity, justifieng the not resting in the Vulgar,- 
even by the opinion of those times. 

For the Roll of Evidences, 1 think you mistook mc, 1 nien* 
tjoned a Roll contayning an extract of the Privilege* and Hulls 
granted to Bury Abbey, Wherein there is reference to sundry 
Bookes of t!\cir Evidences^ some whereof 1 have scene, but Iiave 
not; as to these. Album Registrum Vestiarii,* which went accord- 
ing to the letters of the Alphabet; each whereof had leaves noted 
with &gm'es l, :*, 3, 4f &c, Registrum Cellerarii ; a part whereof I 
have seencj viz' in llie letter H. Martyrologium. Registrum Wil- 
lielmi Curteyse Abbatis^ cum clajisis deauraiis> Rubeum Rcgin- 
trum Thesaurarii.*^ l^ciatus Eptscoporum. I'rocesaus de Abba- 
tibus. Registrum Prions, Registrum Domini Johannis Boon. 
Sundry of these I have scene. But the extract that nientious 
them I have myselfe. It is in paper^ of no great antiquitj', but of 
good use. It begins much atiout the Conqnest at P.Alexander 
the 2^, Bn<I continues successively to Calixtus the 5*', what time 
Johmme» Boon was Abbot. But written much later (as ! ghease 

* This Ifnnust'ript I* no* prcaervccl itt tht PuIjUc Lihrury at Cdntl^rUlg*. Fa. 3. GO. 

^ ThJK RvglBtcr, wdUvh ou AS9 leavci of Tdlum, folio. U ti jire^tnl ^IS-IT) (n the. 
|>OB»Btiiva uf Kilmttni} WixluliouiP, Enij. of SenDDwc^ one of tSo gilt clatjii In >ltil 
ron;«;uiiig to ilie volume, 

• Now in ihc Public Libranr at Carobfidge, Ff- S. 29. 



by tlic handej. Tite oceusioo vast, as I gather by tli^ notes 
hcr« an<t there m the tnargint, the writing of their Privilc^a &. 
Btillaout into a booko. For most oommoiily there HtiindA on Cho 
^dc ^criiiiuTi often ahstrt^Ht^ttr^ «nd Bomctymen ahtlraJiatura a 
fih. Sometimes eonjuiatur fJ'omMu^, or In hoc dicai AhhtM^ or 
in jviicitim Dominit or a/at m JudicirtM Domini, Sunictimca 
rn^iraiurf tometiaxm NUiil ad noa* Sometimes wtetj sometimes 
tupcrf. Socnetiiijca Dnb. Somctyme.H drjicit^ & the like. ThU 
RoU IS tliat whicli 1 tliink you mcane, which for the publick goud 
you shftll ccTumand at any tymc. And it itiaybe of very good u:ie 
to one that would write our Ecdeiiiasttecil History, to «1^gw how 
tfa« Bcc and Court of Rome tucroncbcd upon the Jumdiction of 
Biabopa «nd IVinccsi, by Eicit^pttoii^, Appropriationa, Proviaiona, 
Imd ColUtionv; Penaions upon ChuTob^.s, Bqc. granted to Rcligi* 
»ui IIouAcStVith Indulgcncea Co those tbatvivitcd thctr ChuTcbcn, 
Ktmptiiig their land^ from payment of Tythcs ; mth many like 
particular!!, as VKt my next coming; to London (which I mmdfi by 
Uoda grace before my going into Irchmd) you shiLll by tbctbing it 
sdfc pcrecivc- So with niy true love f< humble Mrrice to you I 
do commit you and all your cndcavoum to Uie pn^lection & blear- 
ing oTQod, and doc rest, 


Voar a^ecnoikutc friend 
dt rerviLiit^ 

flomingerth neare Bury, 
Dcccmb. 10. 1027- 





ArchbUhop U»her to Sir Robert Cotton. Promises to present Am 
vHth his Samaritan Pentateuch^ 

[MS. Cotton* JnUni C, iii. foL 185 b. Orit.'J 

Deare Sir, 

I know not who should beginne first, you to accuse mc or I 
to challenge you, for the neglect of writing one to another, this 
long space of time. The best way, I thinke, for both of us, were 
to be sayde by the Poet : Hanc veniam petimusqtie danuisque 

Although I must ingenuoualye confesse against my selfe l^t the 
fault lyeth farre more on my side : who have added to my silence 
the delaying of your Bookes from a farre longer time then good 
maners would well permitt. For which fault yet I hope to make 
some kinde of expiation ; by sendinge you shortlye, togither 
with your own, my antient Copy of the Samaritan Pentateuch, 
which I have long since destinated unto that Librarye of yours to 
which I have ben beholden for so many good things no where else 
to be found. T shall (God willing) ere long finish my collation of 
it with the Hebrew text : and then hang it up ut votivam Tabulam 
at that Sacrarium of yours. 

1 meant to have written unto you by Mr. James Ware, one of 
hia Majestyes Auditours here ; an industrious searcher of the 
Antiquityes of this Countrye, whom I doubt not but you will adde 
encouragement unto, to go on in the prosecution of that generous 
studye. But he having departed from hence before I could write : 
I now send unto you by this noble knight, who is eldest son to 
the Lord Viscount Neuterville here, and hath married the daugh- 
ter of your Lord Treasurer there. He is denirous by this meanes 
to be made knowne unto you : and I know he will be somwhat 



the better welcome l>e<''aiise he cocameth fh>ni htm who evermore 


Dra^Scda^ Ja. Aruachanuh. 

M&n:h 22 

I pmy you forgetl not my licarticBt 
Sftlutationit to my good I^idy, and your 
worthy Monnc. 

IW Tvonbe midc in tlui Letter vu performed in tbc foUoftiiig jcor. Sir Robert 
iitiad IB 1531. 

7ld» Mwiiucripl ii nov la Ihc C^LtObUn Librmry, niirkcil Clradln* B. Vlll : mi4 
b Brtnen upoii tvo huuilrtd nad Gflj-fuur lc«ict of Tcllum, aU hy out htnd' Oti « 
Unk ItarAC tke fac^lutiing U tlio fallavms Ipifriptian ^n ArclibUlkiip tJalwr'* hAiid* 

" ■ JccT-Bi Tribuum rTlt{|iiiiB ^luvt rcgnl Isrsntitidni^diiim prlmu vrcrpluti]; 
" ■ Doililiro SiunnrLlAntm PkcuiIa pr«>p1irtB, Iruipvribui ApfKtctLorutn. putlttm trtter- 
pohlBBi ; «b rccloiiut^a* tcriptortbtu (Eutrbto. Dwdorci, KiaronTmo. CjrlUo, Pru- 
jMpu>fr Ascfpcrap Grorgto Chjonognpho,) lilcotld«m dtatom; ulijuc a CullicU hodt- 
•nU* dcona rfdnDptnun t 

" MmuarnKcM turtoiMA?'* 

'* (ivi* AiAiciniinL Ditmiqi tammn hujniintlB(« lemper roilu putaitj 

L. M. D. 

Jaoost« UuftiiVA Afmaekanus, 

Hibcnia PnoHi." 


' B* Ubnrlt uotoUoiic alI ^alceiD Ueno*MW «oIUgiuiua, EiempUr hm MUMBtia 
I M|«it*ifl fli^ p^ lihrik Ah^IipmIs TS) nnphifB faltH. idciik lUbic inni ?9f; nfni 
TiQiMlti dfta Uirtiuiiit Tij. mpAwm uun «« aMtr^ Chriiliutde U90. 


Pv. KeABteotli LQ ht» UtHcrutioTi «t ibc efid of ibc tecond Volmnc of bli " Vtou 
l^alUBvnCum ttcbrAicuiu," fol^ Oif. 1780, p. 7<t, uoticea uu frivof Uiau bU BiuuplAn 
Ftbe ^nuriUB PpfitiUovh, vhirh vrrr obuined bf Anhbtihoxi Ufhfrfn>ia thr Kaal 
ilbe ]rMn1620«pd l&iO, Tbrfcof thav vflnpurchued b^tbc CunCor>ofthc 
Bodleii* Librvy ftttn) Ibc ArcbbiAbop** bi4r» : (he fourth, which ni giToo to Arcb- 
bUtef I^ad, nvni bf doiuiioii from tkAi prtiAU lo ibe Mmr Llbnrj ; tbt unh, Id 



ArthUibop Uihvr'a mi— tioa Oe mum prvdoM Hittveri|4. iw prva lo Br V«Wrt 
CoCLoAf tl)erittk«»jlffitbrU>bcri#L9a««kM4e Dft«, ycofwar of ibe Oriental 
Lasffiufrt ■( Lrjilm. and «bit bpcitnc of it 1» imh^OWB. 

DoclDn KcbtikoU uJ BliifOB; giTc U« Attv of 1363 lo «h«l U iiO« tfet Caltoakn 

IW MIowikg ExlnctA fr«di the LvGCcn of Hr. "nomn Datka, dupUd Cotkv 
HvfchmU*! AUpiW* w^ «ai wplorvdlQ <olktt UbBttlMflUMf^tata MartiMkf 
Arebblibop Uiber, eipUla bov tbb, oBong otbrr MuiworlpCit ■>*< o^cyntd. 

" yias^ plcueyour Lordshiptoljkeiiotk«>thAtjovL«n0oftb*S4tbof JvMafy 
m [fOQiton* c«nc to mj hunk Om llch JoJ^. unto iibicb 1 h«ie ctTen <la« pvruatt 
wid ptTcdsmg jrovr Loribhip't pL«uarv ibcnbj, omiited do of^wriKiiitT. Mit^r tmy 
tine, but Ihs rrryd^jtbit I nvcivnl tt.brpn ic luy out for tboK fioo^B jvo vril for- 
Tbv fi» b«uk» of MovA n th« SiimaHCiBn obaraft«r» t bsfe fooAd hj « ibvvr 
iritb Uit Tf9i of IbfT Old Tc»Uin«Di joinvd with tbem ; bat tb« nucbirf ti, then i 
two or iKroe \tava of the btginniag of Gcncdi, uid u mitnj fo IW PhIdIi viki 
notiriUuUiidifl^ t purpoit (o HUtd by thii *hip) Icit 1 ■!«<€ Dot witb Miotb*r; jtt 
birr tmt lo Dfloiuciv, «id if not thrrv to bt bid, lo Moupl Ovnan. iw tb*t i& liuq 
I hop* to procar* aiiAlbnr, vrbifili thkll »int>in tha At* Bodcft of Mohh fmfrtellj. I 
leel ft Meavmirr ^n piiriHtiic lo Mtiuut iJbitiu* ind THpotjr, for the Old TrstuQcnl Ib 
tbf STriaDk Ti/ppic. bot be ivtamcd wilUont it, And brooghC *ord Ibat then I mifbt 
bare one *fUr two monUu, hot could ooi bare it iJino rnouxh to vrml by tbit ahip. 
The rouou wbj tbcjr Bout it cot, wMh UitC ihvy vutLcd pvfdmcnt bo orpj om of tb«j 
Booba, and aa not liridg prffrnl, did m^t «md i( ; which bjr Ibv niut «htp. if jtiQ 
LordiMp pl«uc, God wllliof . I will vod you^ Qui I pray DBdcnbDd, ibM b; tht ^ 
SjrLocl tonKU« thrf mc^n here tbv Chaldean ; and every miQ Idb me it UaU oae.tki 
Sjrrkani and 4Jb(dUeaDt bclti|[ our a»il the nme peopda ; bat qufatiooLev Hw MOkC Iao- 
gui|^. ThortfoK if jruur LurdiliJft maau aod deairv to bare tbo Old TeaUittOtil i$t 
Cfaaldeao, I beacrcb you to wrlif bj Iba Ant ow land. Ihii I tnaf prArH^ il by tiM 
oeit ship, AIro I bum^li you to Uka lnowl«dfe tiaaC I dare not pocDlie you to wnd 
it Bcoordin; to the llcbrvw ; for nciibcr mytclft DOT aay otber mui berp* can dcCer- 
ttilne U ; onlf 1 mnat be toroed to take bU vord thai mIU ii mt, wbo ii « miuatcr of 
tbt acct of ^ MarrtnllHt and by birtb a ChaUUau. liul bo aiihoUt, scttbcr la tbtiro 
eny to bv foond ia thmt part* i but if jonr Lordabip will hnt« mat aend it at adrcft* 
tnr**, tboagb il ooal drar (an It v^ eoai^O) 1 will do my bal codnvor lo antd U bf' 
the Aril cvnTflymiat, bat (hall do nobbing hcfeln nntil aucb bmo I buf* fortbw ovd« 
f^om yoor LordtUp ; lo tOat httiiarm itt Uiia oatun In Utcae parts raqolne CtaWi 
ItbtpI hnn2 ^**7 t«diou« In Ifcaaa CoaotriH- 

"M«ynp]ra*r yw«4;rac«i upon Ito nb *f jMlypwi I r^cvfroi yoor Uucr, 
ttfaridf 4lato (be t'Ah -ji Mktch fmoi Mudi^HaUaB, aod tLn J^tb of tbc |ui Month 
tbt f#py iWrnf by wiy «f Laakcrn. -hrr«by I pvrwrfn thM wy Lvcur ofibc^ik of 



Srptfmbrr, I6^>, lotfHtipr vi(h the E^tc BooIu of Mofsct (o llk« Sauiritab cbflruUr, 
cvnc ia ntffljr t^i y tmt fimtilt, hoinj; irrv gUd il pravei bo acGfptabl« u> yniir Lardibrpi 
howFtrf tin4 mjrickf lO have been kboBcd by 4 Jew, wbo |ircieDiU (o btro kriDirlcciiffi 
in iba£ ToDpie, oiBriiiiDg tu tor tU&t R cflutokactt bU the OlJ 'rrtttuitiLL- How t|jc-y 
rraJ thovn Rooka I kav* *bf|uirvd (having no hrlt*r mtui) of him. wkio I pproetva 

kikov* oa iiiorq (if lo much) thtn th«ir AJ]ih«brt, And to hmr blm rend tbr tnt two 
Vertu of Gm«iii I coulU not. boauic uotber of thotr booki is not hrrc to be bjul. 
Tb* Nam* of Uod, JcboTsb, iw proauuncAd Ij Ibcm, at uiitb be, »iii#4. And the 
IM, <■£!>'> luid ftlxlccblb of thcH LclUi* tff ibctr -VlpbalKl are pronouiicotl A«d, tM, 
ti, the t^ of the rrlght l-f lian mutt be |iroiioiini>cc1. e^ti/' 

[lr coauaue*. " [ »uc ti> Uim^ioui foito if 1 coutd piocDrii the Grainmikr, Chroni* 
doi tod Cilendnr vhifh your Lordbhip if«ire«, but dould not obuiii uij of them, 
thtfic bdng but on* ]ioiir ma of thf^ ^miritAn riwc li^fl in UmnULsoiit^ who ii not ablo 
to t«tiif} CUD ia juiy tltlnu ion dcnrc ; only lio »uil Ibue veto ivrloib l>ooka m tlwlr 
Ungii*^ |UH-iird Ut n ifrtut S^iibf* Af Ihht ('llj. bnt irhjil Uipy nxttumfn! th^ jii^nr 
Idlov knew not, Tbo S|i«hce moaUi nol prtrt wjth Ifac-m under VOU dotlrifi. whir-b i* 
£$0 AvrllDf ; »o 1 dunt nal Tcnlnrc npon ib«m) bcini^ i^oruit of tbdr vortb : yrt I 
mil not coase bliouria^ u oroujos vbidl ictic lo ^vv mxtitfaficmn tu jour (imcc tn 

frbftC )uu require ttiiivliiDg ihc AmnrllaoBi »ih1 I bopc to |mT4il m *a(nti tbia|CBT uuIsm 
the cronblci in und *bjntt Jr:riiii«lrin do htnd^T the free punEc of f;4fAiftnft thti «niu. 
Jus Sprinf" 

^/anMOTf IIR6." 

Jo odOtbiv Lvtttf, dUrdAleppo* Noreiub. X4, iQdNi <8DP|ll«h Ai»^unU) D^tir* n;r>, 

'* 7%* Pitrtferrb'* nninp thitt «>1(1 mi rh* llnokii aF Mow«, i* Ji^n J^h; vhii?h tn ihc 

_CiiUM (oDffuc i» u tnuch u to tay. /rnif jfirr me^ And ivb«rviu J «rit he ira» a 

dU, I pnj tdie ooilco that he ]> a Neai^rian* and hMh bis TtwidciDM in Emite 

! Zert, And contiaaidj; tomci to ihii iowd to Tint thtm th^t iro of that hcrMf, 

Hi* promi** lo tor be hnth nol kppti Dcitbi^F c^nbl I nvrr ht^r from him aiiKv- Sr HOC 
ikal Bulk snw in jnnr ]rf)rdthi]]'ii pft^t^ninti ; ftt I f«uiiri1 divnrA l^frltmi I« He mit 
(D Mnii *Qd At thit prAurC have irivcn ordor eo wilte to bin tsaja ; but* a* t often 
wfH toronr Gmce, thove Book' are nre, cipcfully in tbe Cb«lJi?an Kvugav snd cha. 
ndir ; Ibr rrr«tr«t pari of the Chaldto bvoki are wrliteti in Ujc Arab char^ier, wliidi 

[ fU&k joa vonld not haf r» itor (utocin- Ai for tbc remaiiider ot the Old TcatAinant 
I tbo ChaJdop, I IbtO WnE A mxn t(i Mount Ltbanut to take aoopy Iberi^uf, iritirntJ. 
; to lend yon tbc vbole Old Tetlammt in otie T^lame [ nodritbiUndiOf 1 know 
I ktn tbc Boob of Moa«* and the FmIcik ; tbour jou hM*r vt okJ Copittt, and 
iwittbv a new Trantorfpt; prttLUmini yonr Lordihlp irlll not think niach of iho 
Oi *Ueb if i bad euepud. would hav» been 4cr^ UtllD lot* tiiau now it will t>e* 
I Gw ibc Sonurilui Qookt in th? budu of tbe DnmasceoD Spabee- 1 will uv taf 
t 4U||»Doo 10 fiad hitn out again, #mt rttdeem theni at u tujr a ntr at I cant" 
' ilrppo, Jalf 1695. 1 baic owd my beat indnntrj to procure iboic other Doalu 



tllM you would hare 1ii}iJU:hC, but hilhirrlo Ihtc noC hfn bo hnpi^T ** to l^t upo 
uftlirin.iiich Boakn hvini; vrrj nrr, «nd rcZucd u j««d>, Ibc' (he pouc««om ire able 
lu niAdc lUtlr iLtn E>f (brill A(i»iii){iit all the CtiAlit^iiui that lay Id Mouut t«l1j«niu. TVl> 
polf, Sidftn. KQil Jenitolem. fharc i> huE only Odfoli! Copy i><<hp01<l TctUueot in ibflir 
Inipugt ciliintp imit th4l ia (he k^iulody of the Patriarch of ihp «cot cf tbr MnroailUM, 
vho huh bla nBidpiiDa in Mouat tjbano»> vhicb he may aot |vaH vilh On anj Urm*; 
oul^ thrrc II liEirrij pvcm lo tftke Coplf* tberv«f» wbicb of « ion^ time hUb l>ec« pro- 
mUed me, and Indeed t miide fuU aci::Ouut to hafc b«eD poHCHod of me en thU tioaei 
h«tinf a(r«ed far ll ; bat 1 «u delude, nhit^h troubled Die not a UtLle, Ki ia Am 
rcjKiWpd t<t Hod a mu on porpote to LiHaiius lo ttk« > Copy thfrrvof, «rho u (on«, mud 
I bojic in ffjur firfarr naontbi villi floUhlr i oni], hj tbo aidlit«noe of the Alni^bljt 1 
iru>l to be 4blo to MQd It bj our nexi ahtjw. 

" Tlv lant letter I rrirrtvdil tTttm jour tiOrdibip brjin dnie tbe SliA of Ptbraarr. md 
one t<i mj hamU the iHlh of July, nbrre 1 perceke jau would have Ehi Nrv Tr»U- 
ariit id rbp .'Klbiiipian lniit,'uagc an<] dinnii'ti-r, whfrtcin my bvsteDd»TDufi barv not 
muitfidf fot tvhicU [mrjiuK I IkAvii scilI In I>aiimii.-(ji, whctr n frw af the Abiuliiet do 
inbjihit, rrt liavR bnd no utawr thcTii^R : and in i^ami An noE |iriTtail btre. I piirpavr ta 
»ond lo Jcmuleui* vhere divtn of them do Dttand upon llie ^e|iulcher at our Lurd| 
wbeucc 1 ^op^ lo hf^ fiarnliibnl, aud in dun lime to nvnd It «Jlh the Old Tcstuncnt tQ 
the Syrlock Ton^f. bj the oeLt ablpa. Thua macb 1 bcHcech ynur Lordhlip Eo bo 
aiaured of. Chat I viM omit no liiii#. nor neglecl adj irtc'iaa for tfflei'tiiig wknf jtrtt huft 
or »ha|l dommand mo." Parr's Li/e of Ufihirr, Letleri, pp, ;ni, ■iH. li^ti. 

la IfT^ Dr- Krnninitt adn Alb^wcd to borrow thia SamiriUu FcuUteuch from Ihc 
BrJUtb MuKUTii upon a U^ndof i.'500. 


Joftn Scltlertt Est/, to Sir hobert Cuiton, To procure (he loan 
vf the Tah/iitti of Hahyhn from the Library at IVtsitminsirr 

[Cott. MS. JuUuv C. 111. fbl. 108 h. OH;,] 

*,* Talmud ii the tumc gtirn to the body of I be Ilfibreir Liv> contalDinj thoTti- 
dltioni of itic Jcwtt tbcir polity, doctrine, and ceremoniea. 

or (bpi<] Trailltkat Ibere ttfv Ivo dlotlnet CoUeetionp- On«, nlled the Tiloiad of 
JenualerD, nxnpilrd aft^orJiuff to actmr m Cho third, acoordinr to olbcn in the fifrb 
eentiiry : Ihe olbcr, the Talmud of Sabylou, vriLtL i^om^i^ted iu tlie aulb ceutuiy. Tht 
litter la the Collection moit eitcemcd. Jt i« that wblcb l» usually reed, and cooatinf l]r 

reftinrd to by tbc aiodrni Jevi», nbo, nhco tbey »p«ak of tha Talmud, otnaj i utrau 
the Talraod of Babylon x never quoting the other viLhoiit tbe addition of Jcruiolein. 



As nrammfifin of tie prrnr«l EilLtlonji of rhe Talmutl if RubflAn tntm (hi* fini liy 
BMabfrj, *f Vroiof in 153^, to thai of Aniterdwu in 17M, will be found in Wolfiu*'* 
B^blJotbtc* Utbrijca, 4tu. H«i&b. IT^I. toI, ij. p. ^%dOl>. Ona of tlif Uteil li ihnC 
flf Amittrdiun, IV lom^ fol. n6^l7ti3. BotEib«rg>nU(iOD Of U^, ia kD vuliUDOi 
(o1i«V nw ilial which Seldca onquif cd for. 

Noble Sir, 
To€r favcrs arc alwales so great and ready upon all occations U> 
mc tbac I uke upun in« Uie confidence to trouble yon in all kinds. 
I hare much time licrc before me^ and thero is in Weatniinat«r 
Libraiy the Talmud of Babylon m diverH great yoIiimeTt. If 
\i be a thing to be obtained, 1 would beseech you to borow tlicm 
(for the Library is rtot yet so aetled as that hooks may not be lent 
if tbo founder will,) of my Lord of Lincoln^" and so ^t mc the use 
of them. But T would not be so unmannerly as to ask them If 
ihey be in that ntalc tliut they may not conveniently be lent, tltc 
consideration wherof 1 Ica^'e wholly to your favor and judgement* 
And 1 am ever 

Your most Bfiectionate 

and acknowledging frcnde 
and fiervant^ 
July 4, 1S29. J. Sbldbn. 

Patrick Youuff^ a Xoie to one of Sir Robert Cotton^s Servants, 

[CoUon,Vup, F.xii|.foU.12tibO 

*«* Patrick YouDff> lUinrtmn t« Ifing Jftmt* «aJ Klajc OmrW thfl Pint, vu hnra 

ia 1504, ud dird Sept. 7th 1G^3- Tbc attmukii In vhic^h hie cunlvrnporaHes hold 

lb u ■ vdioliT wt»y he knottiL fri»m Ihr circatnstnncr of ScMnn dcdif^lnt hil ^^dUion 

«f the" ArUDddkn Marbles" lo him. Hit iaIiraB(7 vUh Sir Uaheit Cotton, «nd Lhc 

Lwlw vfeB fetlonrd to make ififiir Kuhett'* Library, luaj he ^*l\itiv4 fi'oiu (hfi faltoir* 

t tbct Nfltfi, in« fhi'f pnMir^tinn wm iUn F.pullp nf Rl, rUmttnl li thn Cnrin* 

«, in 1683. td)t«d from th« Alf^^tuidrnn Mnnuimpl, Ifae puhlicttJon of th« whole 

{«f thidi, M vrDI bf tren Itititttt, «u pfojrdcJfor hioi in 1^4^. He bad prcrlvottjF 

■ Blftbi>p WtUiauic foiUiUtAl the Llbtarr- 


InlMdAd an «4itiaa of it » Ihf rtv* form of th* oncinal Lpltrr, «■! p«i«tt4 ■ t 
Mcn of IW flrvl obapUr- H«iiii< Ukm fl wc on'^ ordkrt. Im «njOf^* >■ »* it that 
prriod fttloviibfei tvo or Ihn* fkcM of Chnrck prrfrriDffDt, Bad iB 1621 w« aio4 

John, ddiver unto your muter S* Robert, with my huiable 
dutic uid h&rtiest commendations^ two Bookea vrhicli 1 borrowed 
of him; ElmcrusIiU Kpbtlea, and Fulcberua Carnotensis hts HU- 
turie, which \a jirinted in Bonganius bookc, othervrisc th«n S'' 
Robert did thinkc. Dcrirc his Worship to Icanc mo Marianus 
his Cbronicon, and his other Worke, for the tyme he u in tliC 
coiintriej and deliver them unto tlii« heiurer 1 prayc yew. 

Pa, Youxo. 


Sir James IVare to Sir Itob^t Cotton^ icttA a Mof <if<m€ <yfiAe 
Bar^ttP!* of Lon^ordin Ireland. 

[Cotton. US. Jul, Cut. rbl, 189b. Qrit.\ 

not ipptrent- Tb« trbole of tb? CoUrctioii pmtQted bj Kir Jmpo W«re to Sir Sotot 
Cotton vill be found in the Ci>niniuii MS. AqkuUu h. wtMoi H % W, 59, 4T»40. 

Noble Sir, 
I have sent yow by tliis bearer it Map of one of tliv baronycs of 
tlie coanty of Lorgfojxl to be added to the rest> 1 format to carry it 
with mee the last time I went for Englaitd. Togc^nther with it yow 
vhall also receive the ancient Roman coync I promised. If yow 
have already another of the some I desire yow to retume it, 
othcntisi; it is your^. Ynur many favours U* me do ahruyex put 
mee in mynd ofthankfuhie^, nnd I rould vritb 1 bad the happines 
by bavinjc some imployment (tilting tiie smulJ ialc:tt iim\ hatli 
given mee) in England, U> injoy your <H>n;]tanyEmd the use of 
your excellent Library oftener then I doc. Yow remember, S'^ 
your proouM to procure mee the use of some Irish AnnaU which 

yit^Tt belonging to the E&rle of Totnes, if yow Ticnd tocc t1)Cm hj 
thi^ bc&rcr, or any other that yow bhalL make choice of, I will 
Mfdy, God willing, rcntorc thvm to yow- I tlcairc tou- lerciMnlx^r 
my bumble scrricc to my Lftdy nnd to your sonnc, Soo vrtiftin^ 
yovr all incrc^uic of happmca, I remain 

Your wjjTant^ 
Dublin, 24 FcK \C20. Jai Warb, 

1 dcairc yow to *ciid the 
inclosed k'ttcr to Mr. Colletu 

Mr^ft^ertParfis Sir Thomas Adams^ to Mr, Abraham fVhfeiocke, 
t^ Chrt Hail, CamMdge. THx Proposal for a puhfxr Lfctur» in 
the Arabic. JMn^uagr^ 

[HuLMS. :o4l, Bftlttr% MSS. toI^iW. p. 31.] 

*4* ThU and the tiro Qcit LrtCora itl* from nu nliJrnriita fiud tlr*|WT of LonJua, 
a nnli'rc oT Sbropihlre, who jii hiA ovn thnrgn fduaded and endoivcd a Frof^uomlkip 
of Ar«ldcBblub tliU l]ourIftli» 4l Ctrubrklge. iiiJ tu uhlch lb?*c LctE«rfl icULO' 

W|iff*lock« tn« tb« An< ProftiiOF on ihli foLin«i»lInnp nnd K«ld (K» olflo« for two 
■nd twctilr ]rp4n> HP tlipd in SepUoibar ISA.t ; aad wuburifil ta tX\t diurcli of Si. 
fiotolpb Aldengnlf^ wheire. od tht ^>}lh of ihftt month, hli hjni^rftJ Sernoa wu 
pfMcbMl bf DT' ^'illum ScUtcr. wha» in thf io\\<ivna^ ypu* prinKd ii A-Ub aq Encrt- 

^nm. He dFiIicntviI i( to Mr. AdaiUB, whv was »LlL IWiuKi ^nd trhn, jn llSGO, «riu 

fUi^ cdUicn*, &bom tht> pcrioilt freiiucaUj bccHinp pttrDDi of tpamiiig in the Ual- 
TtrviUn. Tram \\it Ant of thrie Lcticn it vhoutd Mrtn us if Wh^elodk* hid ongi* 
ailly vQfgMtcd i^o rfCsbbkhiDtinL of tn Arabic ProfeuonliLp bjr ihe Cc>rt>or»tJOb of 
tta Ctlji or bjr floinp Citj Cuaipaiij. 

S9r Tbdmu AdoDii'i ncoiLraj^rmrnt nf Grittital Inrntng vrw nat fonAD«d to thU 
foudtfloii It CuDbridgv, ll« nu nt lbs cburgf of prfating tlio Prniia Gotpeli prc' 
ptndbj Whcclockc, publiihed lo 1(^37 > ai v« Irmrn froni ilic litlc-pjigv of tbif, work •- 
■^■raop ooplu of vhkh he iruumitied to ibc Kui lq promoitop of ChiiiOui;}-. llv 
dU, fctktr of th* C^f » Tab. ir4tb, IGCT,«1 tho •!« of clgblT'On*- 




Mr, Wheelock«, 
My tnie love premised, your Li^tUrs T bave i^ceivedj and un- 
derstand the ContcnU thereof, and as thu shortness of time will 
permtl my thoughts to cnnecive of it, I return you answcrc, what 
my opinion is. First, I conceive it no easy, nay an impossible thing 
to engage the City or a particular Company in the buslnessj nei- 
ther (an I apprehend there is any Bnnk of moncyj as you coll it, 
undisposed, which may this way be appropriated. Yet I conceive 
the worke u of worthy use, and the pains of the Profe«sors \o be 
greittly encouraged, and 1 cannot doubt but what you intend may* 
by God's help, in due time be eiTccted. And for n beginning to 
the furtherance of this worke, 1 make no doubt but mcaties will 
be found by particular Friends to raise a reasonable summe annu- 
ally, for two or three yearea certein, and if tlie worke be well 
accepted in that interim, it Ik most probable that meaner may be 
found for the estabhshment of it, Only in the hrst place I com- 
jnende two things to be performed by you, iHrst, to signify unto 
me by your Letter what will be the yearly charge of this Lecture 
intended. Second, to procure from the Vice-<:hancelIoLr and the 
chief of the Univeraity, a certificate or testimonial! that this 
intended Lecture is of principall use^ and tliatthe University doth 
desire the establishment of it. Hereafter I shall inlarge Lit writing, 
as occasion sljall be offered. At present I thought fit to scribble 
these few Lines for your satisfaction, Kot further enhrgeing^ I 
commit you and your studioLs employment to the Almightiv's 
blessing, inwhome I ever rest 

Your assured froind, 

Thomah AijaU£«. 
London, the 3<* of Febr, 1631, 

You mentioned in your Letter a Lecture in Greek, 
Hebrew, See. I pray you send me word if there be not 
akeady a Liecturein those Tongues. 



The same to thf wattf. Tht pToj)OMd foundation ^ an Araiic 
Lecture acctpUd by the University, 

Mr, AVheelocke. 

1 have received your Letter, wilh t!ie enclosed from the Vice- 
Chancelloui' and Heads of your famnus University, myself an unfit 
rjlijvet tti sucli manner to be saluted by such reverend persons. 1 
am right glad of their good acceptance of the Worke intended, 
altJiuugh I could have wished the manifeatation thereof had been 
rather to others then to niyself, and my name wholly concealed, 
I pray Gud make tlie worke prosperous bx hia almighty power, 
that it may be for his own glory, the increase of learning, the 
honour of your renowned Uiiiveraily, the good of the Kingdomc, 
and his uholc Church throughout the world. 1 am right glui abo 
of ihcir good necepUnce of your self, witli acknowledgement of 
your ttuiliciciLCy fur the employment intended, your self being the 
only pcrH(>a our friends here purposed and designed for the honor 
andburtlcii of that Oriental Chair. And nuw, with the leave and 
favour of Uio«e worthy Cedois, or Seraphiiui ratlicr, of your 
le^nicd Acndemyt I wi»h you much joy in the execution of that 
hopefull employment, that you may ]je deservedly honoured in 
CAmbridgc, and renowned in England, 

I cannot doubt but convenience of place for the Irf^rture ii 
already titled, and touching the maintenance, wltereaa i formerly 
mentioned I doubted not to procure an cxiiibitioii of ;£iO per 
annum for two or three ycar^i ccrteinc, whereas it hath plcoscd the 
l!ead«ofthe University to understand U for throe years abso- 
lutely, 1 purpone not to wave that construction, and (God willing) 
ih&ll provide to be duly performed unto you, ^£40 per annum for 
three yc«rsi, from the fimt of the Annunciation of the Bleitscd 
Virgin, being the 'iS of tliis present March, to be payd you quor- 



Icrly by £10 a qoarlcrp the first payment lr> lie^in at Midsamroer 
neit, and so continuedly for three years, from ihc time preniiaed* 
if yourself BO Ions l>^c< &'id continue in the employment of pubtick 
Ppofe**or of the Ankl>i<:k tongue in Cambriiiice: wherclo I rcckoa, 
by the ftuthoiity of the Univenity. you sball be ^iteedily called, j 
And 1 do further purpose upon the experieoce of good Eking ot\ 
the employn.ent, to the furtherance of Icaniinj;. and the honor of 
tlhC Unircnity {as it n hoped) to endeavour to perpetuate the 
same publick Lecture by a settled tnajnteDance for ever. 

What you iTienlioned touching thankfulness from the University, 
or your self to me-wards, 1 neither expect it nor conceire my 
self in any measure worthy thereof. All our thankfulness is due 
to our most bountiful Benefactor, and to him I »iy as I hare 
learned : O Lord, all in thine, and of thine own hand have I giveo 
thee, O let my small Current finde bis silent Channell, to return 
to that Ocean from whicli it orijpnally flowed, and lei not man 
hear of it. And touching me, if you have care of my content, and 
to do me pleatiure in any thing, let no mention lie made of ny 
name in this worke, the publication whereof in so publick a mat^ 
ter will procure me that emulation, which for my K<:H>d, I know* 
you would willingly dei'line. And tlicrefore let thanks, let praists^ 
let titles wholly cease ; and use roc in words and uTitin^, as your 
loving and true friend, with accuiftomed plainnes-^ and sincerity* 
which to me ia roost acceptable. '• Verhum Sapienti/' 

Finally, I give you to undemtmid that 1 have conferred, 
although very lately, with onrlenmrd and bright shining star Mr, 
Holsworth* loucliing the bu-^iiu^HS intended, and di^irwl his opi- 
nion of it, and in particular touching the paucity of Auditors, 
whereat I formerly sticLed, na you may remember ; hit appnthation 
and encoun^'incnt to the workr w»s very great : ereti more tlian 
I expected, his satisfaction clear, W\% prt/cvlon of lore, of thank* 
fulness, of readiness to asaut in any Uimg by himself or friendj^ 

■ C4Qed Uo«Jcv*9tU la tht ftnl [^Itr. Tlii "u Kichvd llDUiirerUi. or ()Mt»- 
wvrik, BAKTrttlf M«M,i *r IU-kk^pI f^.t^t^. ami MHftttl P* l it— if of DMubj. 



all which evince my moitt grat^full flcknowlpilgmpnt, ftnd trhloh 
concfivcd of my givftt conti'nt in biR sweet fAmiUarity, uliich h« 
wns pWsed with all fredmne liivm;^Jy tn invitp. Fiirtlirr, hig 
500H word* of y*mr «clf, whom he liatl fonn**rly knottii, and flince 
heard of; his desire to have his kinde lave si^nify'd unto ynn with 
all possible encourage me tit to the proftecutioo of the work e j so 
commendable I say, a^ they evince your gratitude aIsd, and you 
shall do wdl to wTite a few wordca unto hira in Risnifestation 
tJiereof, and of my kind acceptance of his abundant love, 

I hope you still remember, tliat the more wise the Prea4^hoT 
waa, the more lie taught the people> and you intend to make all 
»ul>Hervient to that great worke the wionin^f of ^oulex. Tlie Author 
ofwisdomv make uh wttte to salvation, whose f;lory I hope you 
seek above all, Remember me in your prayers to that safe Keeper 
of Israeli, to whose protection I committ you, and re^t 

Your very loving frcimt, 

Tiio; AoAUs. 
London, the S** 
of March l(;31. 


The same (q the 9amc, Furthtr Dircciions rr^^eriiug the Lcttnrt- 
9hip on Arabic- 

Good Nfr, Wheelocke, 
Tour Letter I received, witli the enclosed to Mr, Howlesworth, 
iho i*i gtmc thi3 aftenioone ebout ihp business you mentioned^ 
IB minded to let you hear from him the next weeke. 1 shall 
^tvire you to aoquninl the Heads of the Umveaity, at their finit 
rtovenience, with the contents of my last Letter, touchingc the 
promised Exhibition for three yeareseerteine, and the time when it 



doth b^gin ; And vithall to pr^B©ntniy humble request unto th«n, 
to call you to the worke, and to coDHummnt^ your election^ and to 
be further pleftivd to connidcr of the Cifnes for your puhlirk read- 
ing (twice & w^lc« AS I oonc«iv« during the Termes) and At tudii 
houres as ftbaU be mo« opportune iti re»pw^ of udier exerd»e%1 
all whicli 1 refer, as Ik most meet, to their provident consideratiofu, I 

Touching yourveU^ since mAtters hftve tbus proceeded, I <ie«r9i 
you to &lter yi>uT purpose to be^n with privacy In vour Chamber 
for this iSrst C|U&rter, and to take resolution to prepare your Ora- 
tion by the h^fginning of the next terme, which U a full month from 
tbiv present day; and to give life and beginning to the pubUek 
Lecture, tl^e next tcrmc by all poftsLble meanci:, nnd to reckon 
grcoter honour to your famous University at the Commencement 
to have the Arahick Lecture alreudy then citt^bliabed, ihcti to be 
entrod upon after that long vacation following j the succeeding 
tenne bein^ tnore then six monthes hence. I amnot doubt but 
your second thoughts will oonfirm my purpose herein, especially 
vithencc your Omtion boing to he provided in this convenient 
time, you are already sufiiciently fitted for th© ptil>1ick worke. 

One thing mure, you must please to forbear to cnc-wards the 
title of Benefactor- Luk. 32. ^5. they that exercise sutliority upon 
thorn are c&Ued Betiefactors, It sufficeth mc that you are gnte- 
fuU^ and, hnoA^ng you to be religious, you can be no lestii to God 
and his instruments. 1 reckon your gratefulness cordiall, and 
necessitate towiu-ds me a restraint of title^i; you mjiy use them 
elsewhere warrantablie, but you know my meaning. Not farther 
inlarg^ng^ I commit you to our gracious God, and rest 

Your very loving Frcind> 

Thomas AnAua. 

London^ the 16th of March 1631. 





Sir tf'iitiasn BotweU to Sir Syfmnd^ D*Eu?tx. Ou the twaU MedaU 

struck inJIoiUtii*i,a/tirrtfic8tparationo/tJui{ Country f rum S^ain, 

[lf«Jl.MS. 374. UA. n. On'9,} 
",* W«od. ia lu Futi OioitidiKVi. pAlt. BUbV, ro\. ti. \u -132, givci the fo]to«{nj( 
BDcoOBtofSlrWiUlBiDVorwdU uoiterlbc itnlc of July 12» i^OH, 

" Wf LttAM BoBViLL, M' A- of Jouji CollcGc IP the UtJkirtftttj i?f CAiabriilj^ wu 
iDCDrpofiit«d t])0 «tmtt d«]r. Hp vim aftepiimrdii Prnrlornf tbaC Unlvcrvty, n<or«t«r7to 
I ttf DttdltT Ctfktoii tLiTq ordintjy nmbuudor to the StDt« «f tb> UniUd Pro* locctf, 
mi >ftcrw«rdi tvildcnt OB Ictgcr imlfHaudoT thrvrr Kinitrtr; In which ^pioitj he wni 
Ufbttd bf thr lord Hotter Verf o| TUliury, and othrr f ommuDoacrf, nimcil in bii 
ilajovtr'a Ivtim pftt^ntfl. In lL« ara^ of ibc t«U Sute* al Do^IcbUI nur lUldock ia 
Bnbapl, ^ Jul]r* l(>33. Ke wu ■ Icamtd luui. n fftcat eni^cumcrr oflMrniiic, msToiu 
fbr Um Ckarch of EdcIbiiJ. faithful in (hf^ ctcruCioo of bin ECcnbnuji 4nd higbly valocd 
■ hfrnxAiattperttiru. J[c4W muih [jimciutf^J in UiAt.'^ 

itAtn dc Vapi. ihr publJtbrr of mnti^r of lb« laiatl Rq^ubUc* in \'imit. Umlk-iira hU 
PvaniA l0 Sir\V(Ui4m I3ovvtcU, W^ Lu^d^ Dmt, I0^:|. Thn AdaiiiouL MSS. in Ihd 
Brltbb MoMtLiu Nuib 5^94 ind 6396, iroiitaia many of Str Willbtui tiiit«cll^» pitprrt 
and ccrmpoodcpce, cbklly nslBtinjc [o Uie tutr iui(! condition of Ibc EagUib Church 
la th« NetherlsiidB daring the rcEgni of King JLmvi And King Chartetf the Fini, irith 
DiJij L«1Ja 1eilvr< frnm John dc Lael. 

Your worthy brother, baling done rae the favour to bring me 
letters from you, at his coming unto thci«c pnTTA, ia pleiiAed to 
trcbblc the snmo m cbargcing himself xvitb my present answcir; 
vberein, for so much a» concemes your name and family, about 
IXEusbottr^h, I can yet only tell you, that one of the States Ge- 
ti«mU (of an ancient and noble familie in Geldcrland) hath pro* 
mtsed mee the beat Collections he can make or procure, acoord- 
tng to an extract of the Genealogie and directions you ^ve mee ; 
and I will not doubt, but the long time he hath taken, will produce 
some thing to purpose. The Medall (of two Umtc floating upon 
waveiy &c»*) winch you dcaire, 1 have seen, both silver and braascr 

■ Vkn U»D hu encnrcd nu-ioiui DaLch mcdali with Ihu ilevkr> and the motto 
"Fntkcimur ti rolbdtmur/' Oni of ibcm rcUt^a to th« dippuU4 brlwi^cn HolUi»d 
Uid ZuUnd, o< the dilc of t5EK!. ThU Acvke and uotio wen tm{UDndj itpvi\*^'l, 
bub it vartlci Ukii Ui«r peiiad*, up«D iho Dutch aied*la, u uiuuEkirj agiiiut intcniRL 
dllMadOBi« vhMi might proTo Ihelt nria. 



but in private mens hands, who would not part vritti the same^ 
because they were OriginalU of the drst staiupc which was in 
Zealand; yet, out <ff my ownc pnrticuhir curiosity, I have caus&d 
bcth ity and all of Auch cxtraordinaric nature as hnve been made 
in Holland since their rent from Spayne^ being 47, to be coat 
compleat iu silver, of a hnndsume volume, ahout one ithillingn dia- 
meter, hut tlitcl<erf and somewhat above 2" a piece : and I nm in 
dayly poursuitc of roorc (if more be to be found) cither of thia, or 
the other United Provmeeft: all which I shall not be unwilling to 
relinquish unto ko studiousc and noble a frend^ if you s^all have a 
mind unto them. I have often thought how much the knowledge 
of thia present Low- Dutch language would advantage your inteUi* 
gence of our old Saxon (if your study enclineth still that way:} 
but you arc best able to think what will be modt propre for you. I 
should long ere thi« have bent you aTranscnpt of the Saxon Voca- 
bularies you had once of mee ; but that it is eollevrted only out of 
the four Evangelists, and one or two other small tilings, printed in 
that tongue ; und farr short of a Dictionarie with ( our honorable 
frend) Sf Thomis Cotton, made by Jocelinis (Secretarie 

sometime to Mathewe Parker Archbishop of Canterbury, and com- 
piler of iVntiquitatea Ecclesifc Britannicro,) and one of another Dic- 
tionarie, which 1 did think Mr. Lisle of the lale of Ely (whom 
I think you know to be extraordinarily skilfull in tliat larguage), 
would have prinCed loug since, of his owne gathering ; wherewith, 
and my humble respects presented to your selfe and over honored 
Lady, I take leave, and remajTie allwayes^ S^ 

Your moat adfectionate frend 
Haghe, tikis 19 and humble servant, 

of Decemb> 1636. Will. Boswell. 

For yo'^ Selfe. 
S^ Simon U'Ewes* KnL &c 




^ H&try Spflman to Mr. AOrahaai Whtelccke. jfJfri^% Cwi^iw- 
ftI»LMS, 704Lp. :},] 
Good Mr> Wtieelock, 1 tbank you for your lore and eurtotie 
[(owuxIb mo, And for your willingness and puint tn pleasure mo 
with matter of your A1SS. Ycalcrni^^ht, latc^ as 1 was going to 
bed, your tranftcript of 80inc part of .^ilfrick's Suxvii Cuiions vaa 
brought me," TIiIh moriibg 1 read it, and fyndc that the OngUk:do 
u in 8oni« placet much defaced by ill keeping, which I am sorry 
of, but am well pleased with vijur cxpruiiBiiigc as iicrc tho Bookc 
us you can. A Kindle lett^ir in a worncout wordOj ia u great help 
^r«viv« whftt wontcth. Who the nrchbi^hopSigcncuH *> should 
' T)c. to n-homo he dedicates hia Semions, 1 eannot concpyve. Nor 
that \VulfiiiUA w&d bishop^ to whome ho dodicateth hi* Canons, 
avil««« it vrcrc he of Worcester tliat in in other plaoea named 

Yf the Nieocnc CounceU (which he mueh clteth and foUowcth) 
be »t your hand, I pray compare and note tlie places touehingc 
the inarringo uf Pncst*, Virginity, &c. His dccWation of Ihc 
VII. Onlcm of the Church is abridged out of St. Jerome's Traet 
thereof. I shall be very glad tL> «cc what remaineth, as your Ici- 
turo may permit, but mutch more to sec your uclf, yf good oceu- 
moii might be for it in thin dtad vacation, an your ▼cxT laving 
friend and fompanien in these studies. 

BaH>aeait, 4 Aug. 1&37- 
To his very loring friend 

Mr- Ahraliam Whcclock, the Arabiek 

Lecturer, at bis H<fuae ne^r QuccQ*a Collcdge, Cambridge* 

* Wks<l*ok«'»'T>«niicHpt of .^.irrits^H Cftaaai, vliU a Lntia trjtDtlflliozi on th« pofc* 
OppOallS 10 tbe ftuon cut. Uauw unoiigthc \\\t\. MSS. >o. 4-tO. \\ wu given to 

^ TUi U ■ faalt in Bakcr'i Tntticrijjt- ll tlioaM Ih) 5i>rrtCN«. S« Uie YnU^t 
I Klitob*! inlntilfd ptibliolioii of ^tfric'a SarinoDA, folio. 



nt t^me tv (he sarne^ TT^r Dfstffn of a Leciitre "for reviving the 
Saxon Tmgue^*^ De Laet, at La/den^ btuy upon a Dklionary qf 
thai ha^ftaget 

*,* Gouch, Brit. Top^ I, P-444, u.j%, " Str IJmiy Spelin«a, tn tClHi founded a 
Suon Lecture at CamSridjc. ttith a Htjjy uf ttc pouD^ ■ ]rE*r, U)4 Ibc Ikv^n^ of 
UtddlCilAa In Norfolk uin^trJ ; rhn pftifmat to rHd or publbK Suuin baolu. Vpam 
lh<f dMih of ^Itrloc. th« firit profcuor. Sir U curb's ^nndfoa ttmflnl it bcFitHii t 
Irctuffir and t publiibrr, pvlnp thv fortn^nbtf Lmn^, tn4 tXti? UUcr>vUff »u 5<^fnoFV, 
(he f^aUry, Thr ronruHiiin of Ibc Uq»c«, whCD the hpdraui r>Ul« VAi iiri]uvi4«ralj 
■r<-mB to bavD JiaacilvrJ ttif iiutitiitioa.** 

A#e nareof tliLii Ixclure La Buhop Kcnnetl'i Lifo orSomncf. Iknllxedtohi•"lVM- 
tb« od Cbo RAmVk ?ortiutd FottiiaKcut/'Sto. Ojf. 1^93. pp. T 4* 7 X 

I gave mt Lord of Ely tlmnVii in your behftlf^, nnd moTcd nito 
for tlie co»tinuAtice of h\n fnvor nixiiit tlie Lvvidj^ yon ayme at^ 
and, for Uuit, he atttwered that be had directed you tti« course for 
obteyi>ing it to Dr, Cos^nv. I nlui mnv^ him ahout our desired 
Lecture of dom^stique Antiquities tonohing our Church nod 
TCTtving th« Saxon tongue^ whicJt he veil apprnvrth, and d^^iroth 
to farther^ hut by all meATi«s he irould that there should be firat a 
Grammar and a Dictionary of t>ut tongiue published. I tould 
him that I »o emended, and that my souiw» after the Psalter 
fiiiiihedr ahould put forth the Gramnkar vhich I had by me. 
Af>d for the Dictionary, Mr. de Laet of L«ideu to the Low 
Countrin in very busy ahout one*, and to that purpooe hath viitten 
three Letter* unto me. I am not willing that it should be done 
hy a ttran;|Eer, and wc here (to vrhome it more particularly bo- 
ongeCh) be pretermitted.* I have therefore written to him, tbat 

• D« Lmi eare ap tU lotnlAaa himMU, rcdcmg ibc laak 10 Sir Sjoioadi D'E^rv, 
10 «ho». i> ft Mter daM La^d. Bataior. 34 Aa|. IMO, fa* teyt, '* SptdDca Lciicl 
tol iifc«a> mtrfk at faa pcriantoaW. Phcst ■■m*o|nf , ol optewi iaai fnlo na. 

■Ai ifcUai niri— iilnM ut Btlcvu vocm 



m have licre in GngUuid »otnc Dictionaries MS. idrcady of very 
good u>c, don« by BkilfuU men in tliat lujij^ua-;L% and umiiy oUicr 
Collections by othfr men, ftU wbitli I endL^vuiir to giit drawn into 
one Dody ; and that tbo workc may be more complcat, have dcsircJ 
his conjcctAncjt and a^aociatioti in the bLtaliicaH, lie being a very 
ttjit lu&ii (or it in respect of liu iiAturitU Luci^ue, atiil former trnviul 
in matters of and<^uity. I bave yet received no anavrcr from Inm, 
but BUggot an h^pc unto myvclf, to havo aowcwhat done in it 
tbia next SprhiL^Cf dc&iicjng }our Idaure may llien pcniiU you ti> 
aftsut it. And thai In Ute ua-un tymi; you would up[>lic yt>ur aelf 
to the antientcHt Autliora of our Church aud CLurch History, and 
Kny deaier u to present Uic World wttli uacfull and deaired 
ivorthies. And before wc make to tiiut<:li noyc9 of it, wc niUJtt, 
like prudent Bciyklcra^ cofisidcr and resolve of tlic Flatt and 
Fabrick of our pur|)fjtie} Vhhat it ah&ll be, how prosecuted and sup- 
ported iiftcrw^rcl, for wo muJtt not launch out into Lliedeep before 
we know the points of our compass, and the port wlicxcatwc hope 
to wryre. My attren^li ii rot lyke my mynd«. 1 »end you 
herewith aa you desicr vl£lfnc« M3. Gmmiiur, and tlius cooimit 
you and all to Uod. as 

Your very lovinge trend 
Barbacan 3S Sep. Hk\kv SrsLMAN, 

■*tfcLAa nnC qiwUmiDwlo cortuptiE: omn^oo cutein nctcHarium OBteodtre quo 






Sir Henry Spetman it) Mr. HTtceiockej of en him the Vkara^e tf 
Mifidkion in Norfolk. 

[IbiJ. p. 7&0 

Mr, Whcclock, 

Tg let all other matters reat in silence for this lymc, I send you 
herewith a PrcHentJiUon to the vicarngc of Middleton in Norif- (if 
it be such US you think good to accept of). The value I know 
not ; 1 take it to he 50/. u year and hotter in thoae things which 
belong properly unto it. But I purpose jmtl hiire already designed 
an iiLigmeutation to it, out of tbe appropriate Parsunagc thereof 
(in such sort as I shall acquaint you at our meeting) for our 
intended Lecture. Make no »pendi uf this, for my desier is to 
have the btdlct goc before the aoundc. Hie place is hard by 
Lynn, and you may every week goe or send between it and Cam- 
bridge by the passage Boate^ which as I take it goetli from Cam* 
bridge on Munday mornings. There is & reasonable Viearngel 
House upon it^ yf the late Vicar bath not miHUNedit. Yf he 
hath, ! wish you presently to get it viewed by four or mora 
honfJit and suliHtaiitiLll men of neighbours there, and to testify 
the necessary reparations, and the value of them under your 
hands in writingc. I have written to Mr, Collyns who dweUith 
in the Town to assist you in all things. See my Letter, and seale 
it, and deliver it to him, and have care to perform what you fyndo 
tJierein. There is alsoi dwelling at (irimstone three or four wiles 
from Middleton, one Mr. 'Hiorowgood the parson of that Townc, 
a gmvc and learned mati, my singular good freiide* He is now in 
Liondon, and 1 thinke wiU be at home m the country about the 
cndc of the nexto weeke* I will entreale him to be your bosomc 
Frend, for all mutters concerring thcise occiisions. Repair there- 
fore to him, and advise with him, for I will acquaint him with 
what wantcth in my Letter. So I (commend yon in idl things 



to Goilf ftitfi ti> St. Paul's dtrtcttuiis in the Episllcs to T^in. and 

Your lovingc frcnd^ 
B*rl>acuij 2 Nov. HttNitv Sfbi^an. 

J 659. In hbfttc. 


AbroAam tVkeefocke to Sir Spmnndx D^Ewes^ rfermsnmdin^f Me 
tnctfwraffe/Heut of Saron gfudieSf in tlurulation nj' thr rfir!p 
doctriiiet v/ our Church. 

Moat teamed and trulic noble Sir, how much I am bound to 

serre you, your inostt quickninge and effectual lett^n shew. I 

vculd fainc come Gvcr to doc my personal humble i^errice to 

y€ur worship \ but in truth my twofold imploymcntj of the Arabick 

}eWt, and the other of the Brittish and Saxon Ecck-slaBtical and 

PcliticBl Antiquities (to which latter by Sir H,Spclmai) 1 am now 

dcaigned,) besides other studiea^ me against my uill to stay 

beft by it : in Uiese studies of ^Vjitiquitics I ackiiowlcd^ your rare 

Rnd incomparable pro^^rc^sc, though I am keeper of the University 

^bookes, yet not of &uch treastures ;tK you have gathered. I eould 

wish that our leanied gcntrie (if peace continue] would imploy 

Bome scholars to be under them (and myselfc thouijh nmst urmor- 

tby of tliHt honor would ittltinxlie be one) to compile a body of our 

Divinity, I say of otir doctrine out of Uie Saxon and Brittifth 

^■trriters: and to proeHCnt the jiApists with rhesc, a» a rule toleade 

' Uiem by, if they would be constant to the best Anticjuitica. Mo^ 

sure it is, that Antiquttie t«tU ua we owe more to Uie Kitsterne 

Cliurchthen to Rome: and wbat of ^ood from Rome, even tltat 

we have from ttic P^nteme- A0:atnc; the second conversion {^a 

the papists cal it) under Po|)e Elcutherius, vfan without any yoke 



either upon the common ve&loj to he «xhati«t«cl hy Rom*;, ttr 
uppon the Church then, which freclie And not amiisc folloved 
tlLc Ciiitomen of the Knct in mmiy ihlngcs, as well aa they FoU 
lowed other Christians: ftti cavie matter it x% to see in Bedo, 
Malmeshury, Harding. &c. And how far Augustine and his suce«&- 
«ors did ^tncLl, and where, vrithout scripture, hy humane devudt 
they did foiidlic prTOVflricatc, and Greg, himself wot not free. But 
ikm cDiivertera of Papists must exhibit Antiquity only at the fint; 
for these thinges, though trew; out of Antiquitie thoy wiU not 
endure. Plftine it is that AuguUinc? hafHcd K. Ethclhcrt, when 
telling hiro of opening to liim and his the Kini^doirie of Ileitven^ 
he did not point to hiui tlie way of cunvertingu^ Kent, ^. first by 
^e meones of his Queen's Derda her Chaplaine, &e- (some ctH 
him Lchftrdup), nnd hy the converted Brittuiucs of Baugor esjje- 
dsllie, iknd soe might the fnirc-Epokcn ChnHtinn Romiins, even 
then, have followed t}\9 stops of the Heathen KomaneS| who when 
they had duone tlieife errand returned to theire owno placeii hock 
Qgainc: and was not Grcgorie Hubtlc inough (though Moxmcius 
coutited him simple,) when he reserved d polliu, and dotum^ 
for ever U> be sent from Uomc ? but all the way a mystcric may b4|i 
noted by ingenuous men who wish well to Chmtiaa churohea 
and common u'Cftles. 

Whnt Augustin did coaccmingc the slaughter of Bangor 
Monkcs, with the blessed Mr. Fox I say, 1 cannot tcl. Of 
mix ould Manuscript!! tlirce tu Latin, and Uircc in Saxon^ 1 
have the uac, and all the three Lattin agree that then Auguatin 
was dc&de. The Saxon all of K; Alurods indeede, leaves oat the 
passage. From that wc must not argue ; for that is tuual in cvcrjr 
line almost, ni ftlso to oddc now and then ; but that AugustiuQ 
forC'tould and thrcotncd ihclre death, i» most sure, and I would) 
it had not beenc everyway soc bad. Thovigh Eucbicnsis (in 
Bcnet Coll<^o Librarie] a« 1 take it makes A«gustiiie the autlior 
of ihat wicked dcsignr in |ULrt: yet a coajef:ture of this nature 
wore better te^ find auflicicnt it is to »y he propliesicd, that la^ 

^ '^ 


'tiircttsied the de»tructJoii of the fountaines and K«minAric^A of the 
auitciont Brituinc Church \ for th:tt wnx of them iutendod, that 
RoDot raay the hetter doniineire. 

Sit, I viU cause any thiiige to be traoftcrih^ out of Trinity 
cotlcigc th«ir ^Ifric! they arc many: and not nil of the tianie 
publick niindcs : tliough it may bcfor n fortnight I may cftune it to 
ht Kent you ; and I sliaU try what may be doon^, if doon« vrith- 

S>'Tboii)aa Cotton (to whom m yet I am scaKO knowne^ %ikd 
yet bccnahc trantcd in Cambridge, he alsoe tru^tcth me>) ho la of a 
very svr^ttt*^ dcmctuiurc; eukI talcen it an honor to himftolfo and 
familio, to s«rve our noblfi ^nd learned gentrie, with his rare 
Aiiti<iuitie£, and that in his ovrae name. If your Worfthip will not 
DppeuTf your solfc in horrtjwriiig any thingc of him (wKich may 
paradvontvrc ^rcivc him) yet 1 may u&c your name, and soo doe 
that way what I can^ though impositibla »ure to borrotf^ &at 
choisc^it mr>numcnt; fctmg it is you should hare a coppic of the 
b*at of them; and Sir Thomas wondrcd that not more did come 
tluther, and tronncnho them. I am nurc this he Miyd to mc, or to 
thia effect. I eliall cror atudic to serve your Worship to the 
Dtmoat of my powcr^ an<l soc at tliia present I humbly commit 
you to the gracioua protection of tlic Almightic, 
Cambr. Jan, 26. Your worships faithful^ loving« 


To the Noble and moat 

learned Knight S' Slmonda 
IVKwcsj highc Sheriffs of 
Sufiolc, Chcacr 
At Stow HalL 

and humble son-ant, 





Abraham fi^Jiiftrhrke fo Sir Thomas Cotton. Begit t*> rticht /or o 
icngfr tii^f the ^fa^^l/J/erip/ll which h& had borrotvedf r^ Bed^$ 
RceUfifistictii H'mtory, 

[CoUouS-a MS. Jiaiiu F. vi. fol. \t%. OrffO 

'•* Tbc (vo MiifiUK(<nptBrrfL-rrTdComthLiLetleruborrovrdb]r WhoaLoGke fromtlM 
Cattoniu Librvjr. vrtm of Dcd«'i EcolMil«»(ical llUtorj, baih wriitTn in Lfttin, but 
with Suvn ohancrrrB, On« (Tibcrioa, C. it.) a tcry bMutifuL minuacrtpc or Iho 
vifhth (]«Dtury, i* »tlt] entxn;, Th« otbflr (TibvriEi*, K. Kiv.)t ontbAlly more bcuti< 
ral, luffnred w nucli attboArcof the LLbrnr;, lo 17Jli u tobc rcJuccd to ibcvp of 

Right W". 
With my most humble service ; 1 am bound to giuc your worship 
Br4e Wj thaiikc* for londinge me these prctious Monumenta. I coafes 1 
Hbt ui. was sorry that 1 cmucd not a further day then Easter : inescpected 
busines, and in thc^c studies of j\iitiquitic, haue hindrcd my swifl 
prtK'ijtulingc. I have made choiae of such a carrier that is honest 
and careful : and that ciicry wocke can liringc thorn home, if your 
Worship should c&l for them. I shal craue pardon to intrcinte 
yet a further day, and that til f^eptemhcr; hut on this conditioii 
as fitting, to send thcni, when your ^Vorships Library keeper 
from you shal cal for ihem. And I shall cucr in these studicM 
ucknuwlege your Worship, iu& your nuble father before you^ s 
most cherful and noble patron. 

Cambnge. Your Worship's servant 

MtLrtij 3l> \MQ. 

To the Right W«. and 

most honored Knight 

S'^ Tlicmaa Gotten 

his most noble Benefactor 


At his hovse, at the 

west end of Westrnmsler 
hal. These- 

ever to be comtnauiidcd 
by you, 





Sir Ifcnrtf Sptlmtm (a Mr. Ahrahma Hlieelockf: retpe^tinff ihe 
ewhivaimt ofkU Saron Lecture- 

Mr. Whedock, 

1 hftvc acquainted my Lord'3 Grace of Armagh, and my Lord 
Bishop of KLye, with the intended Lecture, and httva entreated 
them severally to consitlcr of the manner of sctUng of it, to confer 
Willi Mr. Viccchancclcr and the Header whiiiti they tlnnke good 
About it; vbich it hath plea^ted them very willingly to undertake. 
I made a draughte of my Intente touchitif^ the manrtcr ofconrcy- 
inge froin me and my sonne, to be considered of by Counsel! for 
the UnirerBitJei and to be proceeded In lh they shall advise, and 1 
ahewed it to my LL. of Armn^Oi and Ely. But my Lord of Ely 
is not like to be in Cambridge while my Lord of Armagh is there, 

therefore he reserved the perusing of it till you brought it to 
him aftcrwardn They both have promised mc lo grace you with 
their favour and ju^itiftlaikf^e. Rut the approliation and choice of 
Mr. Tictt;hancclcr and the Heads must be principally hmld there- 
with. 1 send you a Coppy of the Drauf^ht to shew to Mr. Vic«- 
cbanoeler, with tender of my service. But I pray divulge it not 
to common diseoune. 1 aUo ifhewed my Lord of /Vrmagh your 
Intended Speccli, and left it with Ids Lordship to peruse, but have 
no censure from him- I feare it will neither like him nor your 
Auditor}- in respect of some obscurity, intricacicj and the length. 
Nor do I delight to be talked on ex roslris. More hereafter. 
Thus mutch in haste. Farewell. 

Your aaaured firende, 

B«rbacan« 26: Junii 1C40. HsMit Speluak. 

To hia lovinge Prende Mr. Abraham Wheeloclc, 
Arahiclc Profeflu>r ncre Q- C(>lledgt% ctt Cambridge. 





Jrchi/Uhcp Uthtr h Sir Sytnondf D'Kvy^n, foiuofitiff him /or (hfi lost 

of his Son ^ 

Vir eximie : 
Senuidte tun literec, ix. kalend, April. daUB, hie Londini 6e- 
roum mihi sunt rcddiue: «iout el tcftite, prtdie nonas Junij inse* 
qucntia pcrscripto:. Kx quibns postrcnas tristi'm ilc unici lui filtj 
tmmatur& niorte nuncium dolcns Ecccpi. Scd quum Dcus hoc 
ita Toluerit, nc ipsius decret« irup&tieiUer ferre non iniims ineU* 
giosum sit» <)uam irritum ; omnino in ipsius voIjnlAtc est acqincs- 
c^ndum. Et quatiqiuim propri;i sapiciUifi ad htec ec similia. quk1)u« 
omncv ohnoxij sumua, fortit«r tolcrnndft uhundv instructor ais: 
opt&58cm tnmcr ut pRrti alMMii tanti dol^na lenieDdre aliquod »ola- 
tium priL'^ns adhibcrc posscm: iUo KimUno sabmde mihi in 
m^iitem recurrent^, 

• Hi quid ego ndjuto, uiimmve lerasso 

Qqcc nunc tc coquit, ct rcrsat sub pcctorc Sxa. 

Veriim, (juo minus voln ]\\c meo SAtift^cere \-aleain, Comi- 
tioram utriu«que AcadtMnin factt vicinitax ; quio Cnntabrigiv 
h«rere mc nor pnritnr^ itcd ad OxonicnRinm mi'gyi^f porro 
viscndam confestim irde me avocat. Spe* tatneti adhuo superest, 
poftt fimtam agri Suthfoloicniiit ttbi oomtninftam ciistottiAm, ftimul 
nots convcntiiroB ; ct cum de aliiK lu! R^mpublicftm litctariani perti- 
ncntibui, turn de Spelmanm tiofttn inatituto, tuisqj rrj»i r^>nv>-^nii 
^\irn*t (qna« aridiftsime pcrcurri) jdirjuaiitc liberius, quani t»ta 
■GnHc-udi ratio perroittit^ coUocvturoB. Quo tempore H Ninium 
(ita rnim nppolla, ec v^taatiHsiiui codicts authoritat«na, et nominis 
ejusdem in Ninia et Niniano f^xproua vestigU, B«cutu») cum vanjv 
MSS^i me noa indiligvnttfrcompamtufni tecum sum coram uni- 
caturun: ut exemplaHa Cottomana (quibua in hac ipva coUatioiie 
^go »um uaua) denuo coniulere ncce^ie non habcax. Nam ad 



diplomata Au^lo^SnxDnicft quod atUnct; iioii in udu nliquo volu- 
miiio aimul collcctOf scd |9cr vano» illiiis Bil>lioUtL'co; llbrvei din- 
pcrwi c* foiAAc auuu4c!verLi ; ilc quibu^ in unum ciirpiu G<»nipiii- 
goiditi, dubitur [ut npcro) magis opportuJui» Iccued coram non- 
«iiJtan<Ii locu«. [iitcrmi, ut e^rcgijn tuia coiiftltlius Dcua Aclsit ct 

Ex aiiunu tuus est 

StiJy XII. Kalcndas Julias, 

To my most^honourtd fricnilCf 
S'^ Simgnds D'Ewcs, Knight, 
highe Sheriffe of Suffolke, 
deliver tlcse. 

Ja; Aruacuaxus. 


Sir Henry Speimaii to Mr, ff'/wriocke^ upon the failure of hig/rieuda 
in their endtfamur to rt^htm him to Parhament a* a Bttrgtnfar 
th£ Vnivtr»ii^ q/'Cam6ridffc. 

(HuLU& 7041. p. SB,] 

Mr. WUeclock, 
It m a great comfort tu iiie> bi Hxc Utter viido of my daycs, that 
I iti«ny M^rthy men of your Univcnity were plcn«cd in this ]at« 
election of their Biugerae* for the Purltainent to cost thdr thoughts 

00 ttkt (not drcArain^ of it) to he one of them. Il&il it succeeded, 

1 ihould to the uLn>ost oxt«nt of thcntj pQoro a1>iUtie« Uiftt ruinoudc 
tAd nge hatli left iint«> roc, endevored [hs duty tied mo) to hare done 

btftt ficrvioc I could to the Church, the Kyn^domc, and her my 
cr honored and dcaro Mother yuur fiuuousG University. Il now 
rcmanctli (which 1 entrcaie at your hancU) to preaeut my humble 
mtvH fervent tluinkc*, Co such Heads wtd t>thcm of the CoUcgeaj as 
rtth«x by their roice« or eudevours gave mc any furthenuiee. 



Mjridf UD a string to tliem all, and Uierefcre mutch ihc 
obliged to thttD lU. Hi^y ttuit to previ^nt my «leciion, pubEabed^ 
up and dovne some CoUcdgva, tbat by my Lcttre to Mr Vice- 
chan; or some other had declined the choice, dealt rcrj- disho- 
nestly aiul utUruiy vith me. Tlius I Leave you to God> and oom- 
tncnd mc to you. 

Your loTifige Frendc. 

Hemiv Spclman. 
9 Nor. 1«0. 

Sir Stfmoiuis DEtcis to Ladif irEwt*. DetaOs ^ FolUicat iV«i 

[HuL MS. 379. fol. :S. OHf.} 

*.* Sir NfiTioni]i D'E«e4, the tirilcr of ifcin mad of ihm throe iMUn wWch Iscn^ 
di^tdj foliow. b well kiicvafor hU publicMnon of Ibc " Jovnuli of htl the Pu-LMiunit* 
dvmi; the R«tcn vf Quvrn Eliubdfa." Bit ifrife. to irkom thne out <>f tlw fnvr w*f« 
writt«D, n* Aua« tbt ilau^tor gf 81/ ViUiim Popton of Ehti, « LvJjr of cu^idiniaj 
bMntf i vTinm hi^ mArriHl mt ihj- tgv cf f«irt«ra. iin<t nf vhom h* nt *ir««dTtlf faiuL i 

Sir St™'>ii^ **' for Sadbury UD >hB Loihe rtflitintful, ind wu crraKd • DaraiMl ' 
Jtjj Utb. tClK Ytt. upoa lfa« brrakinc OQt oftKc Cfnl Wa/, b« ■iJh*r«Jto the Pu- 
lUmcni, tod took the »1«mii Lmc"^ ^nd CoTVOsnt i« Iti4:i. Itc m in dUs P«rU«- 
in«D( till Drcfffibrr I4M4» vbm he (ru (umpd out &iuoii|; Uiotv who atn tkoo^ht to 
b»ve nmn nif«rd ifft for ihrprrmit fif thi< Kinf , and thit fMvn«f nrnacitatiim inChanih 

uid Stntf. Ilo dtcd April Imb. I^'^o, 

isr Sjrmondi P'Ewei iru in i^onKnnt oommuiLicutioD vith pcr»on« of the Ant ruik 
in the Hq>abl)c of L«Llcrt. buth iu tbi» and other countnrs. 

My dcare Love, if my time would hnvc permitted mec. I had 
nrritten nt large to yow concerning cvcric daies paasajfc irbecre 1 
IflBt left. But that littli? I cnnn write unto yow I must borrow 
from my slcepc^ & wee have had aoe many great affaires handled 
in tlie House of Commons aince I wrote lait to yov, as would 
require a reasonable volume to sett thciti dovme at bn^. 

On TbunMlay b»*t the Uiirdc day of this instant I>eccm}>OT S' 
Frand* Wiiidcbankc one of his Majesties Secretaries fled, and was 



a<cc>oni|>ftiiic<l by Mr. Rend Iiis onvnc SccreUric, & one Mr. Obcrtn 
FreiicrhniAi). Wee voiit for him ttiat luonung, but ward vrns returned 
Tfl tJiftt hcwux ill in his bcdd. Ilc<f gdtt tlintriglit to Quiuborow 
in Kent, Jk ia now post iiito Fnuicc ; & Imth returned over thitli«r 
groat Aommcs of monie fiy exchange* 

Mr. Prinno, Mr. Burton, & Doctor Dastwickc ore come to towne* 
1 am one of the Committor to whoiuc Mr. I'rinnc £c Mr. Burton's 
petxions ttrc referred. It hapocd by m mccrc CA^unltie, thnt our 
finft vittang vpon this bubincsa wna in tbc Starrc-elmmbcr, wlicenu 
I noted God'a wondcrfull rroridenoe ; that wee should idtt in t!i&t 
Court where tber bloudic ncntcnren hnJ pEUit ngn!n.%t tlicm, to 
iudg;c tho9C sentences; & that I ahoul<l sitt a Judge thcr, whccre 
1 was latelic in poaaibilitie to have been epiitt & ruined. I ther 
had both Mr. Burton nrtd Mr. Prinnc hy tlie bande : & dieiL'ourAcd 
witli them. I sate ogaific vpon Mr. IVinns busincs this Wcdnci- 
day aftemooDc; & I hftve heorc-tucloacd sent you % copie of liis 
petition : & intend ta nrntl you the other petitions that conceme 
thcr caiiic or Dr. Baatwicks ; de*irmi[ yow after yow have perused 
them, & Auflred our friends that will, to copic diem, yo^' Lay them 
uppMfGfor mce. 

On last Monday moniing December, the UYOutb, wee vtterlie 
damned nhipp monies, ^ tlioac Jilicrllfs that liiivc been too buaie in 
levying it are Uke to bee <|uef(ttoned. Yesterday morning wcc 
eucciidirred tJic Lord Finch now Lutdc Kuepcr hi* violent pro- 
muting of tlint buisiiicif ; and the Judges oUVncea in their uujuflt 
Judgment in that partieubir, a» well ii!i in oilier caacs. 

The Riirle of StrufTurd, nmnniunlie failed Loid Lclftenaiit, la 
now imprisoned inoore clusclJc then Wforc, and agujird sett \i|>ou 
h&oi Id biH outward chamber iii tlie Toiler, it, the doore of his 1>edd 
chnn ) I >er locked upon him each ni^^bt on the ouUide. God, Ju 
Uiis, justly punishing his crueUio vsed in Irelande against the 
IfOrde Mount Norreys. 

I have a most intimate and denic fainiH&ritic \Ttth the Anrhbi- 
•hopp of Amuigb ; wbonie I have promised to take iodgiugs dot>e 


by him in the Coven Garden when God shall rouchaafe th the 
heppines to bring us againe together; which I dailie pray for. 

Thus farre 1 wrote late yesternight This Thursday wee had the 
^tallest day that ever 1 sawe in the Howae ; for the hundred thou* 
sand pounds granted formerlie, of which one halfe is sent into the 
Northren parts, ib now revoked ; and two subsidies granted in leiw 
of it; v^^ will perhaps amount to one hundred & three score 
thousand pounds. My selfe Sl divers others spake effectuaUie 
against it; but the greater number of voices carried it, & aoe it 
hath now past 

I have yet received noe lettres this weeke^ which would putt 
mee into some doubts & feares, but that I yet hope it hath onlye 
happened by the carriers negligence, I assure my selfe, your midwife 
is with yow ; my dailie praiers are yow may have a safe & luippie 
houre. My services to Ixworth, 

Y' faJthfuU loving husband. 
Middle Temple, Siuonds jyEwBS. 

Dec, 10, 1640- 

To the Right Wor^' the 

Lady IVEwes at Ixworth 

Abby, these 1 pray dehver. 



Sir Sytnonds If Ewes to his Lady, 

[Hiri. MS 379. fo!. 77. OriffJ] 

My dearest, 1 am compelled to write my letters to you by par- 
cels and peices, when I cann gett time: sometimes I am gladd to 
write but two lines, rather then to omitt soe httle. I received not 
your last welcome lines till late on Saturday night preceding: 
which trulie bredd in mee a great deale of trouble least all had not 



been well ; but my frauadca fenre bredtl mec the grcolcrjoy whom 
I hod TCdd vrhat yon wr<jtc. 

On FrixlAy monung Xa&i wc« entr«d vpon the woighdc^C m&tter 
that ever was yet bandied in tli« Uuwtto. For tber came a |>cti* 
tion to v^ from the Cittic of London occompanitd with fiftceno 
thousand hfitiJa, dcairin^ amongst other prtrticulnrs tlinl tbe vcric 
government by ArcbbiEihoppi & LoTxi Bbhof>pH m the Churcb, with 
vdl thor cercnionica& Courts, might hce nbulisbed. Myitelf & divcrn 
othcrsi jijiokc sbortclic to it, 8c wcc have cippomtcd l^hursday next to 
dcb«tc further of it. On Saturday 90mo petitions against the 
Arcbbi«bopp» the Biithopp of Bnth ^ Wclh, the Lordc Keeper, & 
&fr. JuaPcc Bnrclay, tookc vpp our tintc a ^Cfit parte of tlic 
TDoming. T)ii» Monday rooming vree had the canonv a^in 
tkr|;ued, A wcerc just upon voting tlic illcgaHtic of tbem, 8c the 
wicked oatl) in Uicni, wlien two of tbc Kottsc desired To speakc for 
them too morrow ; to which wc Iiatc yielded. 

I have hccre-incloscd acTit yow Mr. Pnnncs petition with ihat 
of bin tiervant, & tfie petition olnoe of one Calvin Urtien, f{reivi>u!ilie 
vexed (a» weerc oliiera aUoc) but for viMting Mr. Priniic in Iwt 
■fflictiooi: wiueb ciuell prutwedingii did mueb uiove vs in Uie 
tlow»c when tliey wccre rc&d ; enpecinllic tlie wicked nuhmUsion 
the wd Mr. Brueit was enforevd to aiJtke, wbieb followca after hia 
petition. You may lend Uieiu to whuiue jou pleurie, witb nuch 
other petitioTiN ^ speei-hcn a.** I nbull ^icntl to yow, but I pray bee 
sure vow may receive thcui a^aine to lay vpp for mec j for tliey are 
tlie onlie copies I reserve for mine owne vse* 

S' Roger NurUi was so fnrre fnnii conipbiiniiij^ of my proeeed* 
ings at IpHWtch| as hce Jiatb made great mcinlc^ to mee not to ques* 
t»n bia oatragea ; & particulailic come to mec to appcoae hkc, ex- 
cvnng aome things, denijn^ wStli dcq>e execrations otben»j & pro- 
misuig ftll neighboarjiuod & frieniJidupp for die tin^e. Hee iiiter- 
occdcd inuch for our neighbour Gardener Webb, that 1 would 
pardon biui ; but I have a purpoae yet to cauae him to come to 
trialh Wee luul latcUe in the Ilonw^t fur lesae wurdea Uien hee ^arc 



mee, a Deputie Leifteiiant inacountie sent to the Tower imdin«tcle 
Mu1>mtKi(ion vpon his kuees iit the barre. Thus with my dcfirest 
affection to your selfe, & my humble servites to Ixworcb: I rest 

Your faithfull husbund. 
Middle Temple, Simond* D'Ewbs. 

Dec. 14, 1640- 

For roy d^are wife 
the Lady D'Ewes these 
Gt Ixwurth Abbey, 



Sir St/int/ndu /yEwts to hin Brothtrr. DttaUs t}f Ptocetdlngs in 

the ll'iufic tif Ctfiniiton.y^ Tfit Eari uf Siraff'urd''ji offer xtj 

i22,(iOO iQ Sir fVUiiam Iic{four toftivQur Aw Escape trftcr Con- 


[Hart- MS. 379. fol. 88. <Wjf.3 

Good Bmthcr, 

I shall need to m&kc none other anHWere to your Ltttre then tn 
lett you see the vast businesses wee arc novve ingn^d in, which 
were they not, truely my owne private occasions and the care of 
my health would ^ve mee some hope to gett leave of the Howse to 
accompany my dearc wife into Suft"; but my owne conscience will 
not perniitt rae to desert the publique nowe, whei> all lies att the 
stake cither for our well or ill doinp. The Lordes have denied to 
pasae that part of the Bill which conccmca the taking av*ay of the 
B i shop ps Votes in their howse,* which will certainely make us 
proceede in the otlicr Bill for rooting tbcni out vltcrly. This is 
one vast bustncs. 

Wee are bcaidcs upon the matter of ad^-ancing money and 
finishing the Treaty that thu two armies may be disbanded, and 

^ " 1G41. Jmi« T* Lorild Toifld the Bitlioii* l« nUiae Lhdte toico in Psf lUnMDb" 

Gifata ADslonim. MS.AdJit. BriL Muf- U;iOj. foL IML 


bavc a worM uf oxlwr busiiics besides soc ils I tbinkc wee shall nut 
have one hourc of U!>i'rtie all this Wliitsuntide. 

[ came in thin niglit from the tlowsc Co my Lnd^iig wlien it vttui 
nearc nine of the docke, and wee had not riM!ii then but to avoidc 
ooDfunon> for the Speaker could not disrerne ivh« stood i^pp, itor 
Bcaree be lieanl hinindfe vrhcn hec n-oultl 5])Cftke. Tlie occasion 
of tl>e eonfunon was this : wee had a rcportc innde uf tliij late )ior- 
ribtc and damnable Treaaon^ in which CoUoaell Oorin^ <lid» like a 
brace gentleman and a man of honourrdtnt^ver many particulars nf 
gnat monjcnt, and yett did not thcrby at all discover any thing 
whidi hec stands obliged to conceale by an rnlawfuU oath of 
secrcsy adnunistred vnto him by Mr. lieiiry Percy and Mr. Henry 
German. NotwitbsUindin^ all i;vhichf CommiKHary WUlnigtt and 
tlic Ijord Digby> being members of the Howse» did dnrc to say puh- 
tiquely that he w-is perjured^ whcrcupt>n the llowsc debated their 
offence long l)efore ihcy wilhdrcwe into tlic C\»uifiiiltee Chiimher, 
and after they lud withdra^^ii thiiher till the d^rknes made vs 
abruptly l>reakc off ; they bad a violent party Uiat ntnild bave 
eieused them, which brought uw U> all th^it confusion and delay. It 
drawee nowe towards tenn of the clocke at ni^bt, and I &m faine 
to indite your Lcttrc while I write my wives, and the ^jorter ^ttaies 
all thiH uhile for tliem both ; therfore i can but write you a mccr 
gencrall <uinine of the TreasoTi. The first liejid uf it was for the 
dclivm' of the Enrlc of 8tratTorci oat of the Towre and conveying 
hira into France^ where is the randcroui of tJie 'iVivwon plotted 
with the CardineJl Rielielicu liy Secretary Wiiidebankc and Wat 
Mountague, The aaid Earle of Strallord did offer to S' William 
Iklfurc, bat foure daies before his death, :!i,mX)", to favour his 
escape. The second head was for bringing up of the Knglisb 
Army to London for the destruction of wbome you may gesse, 
TTifl Third was to bring in an Army of French to joync with the 
foroeaof Ihc Papi^ic-Jt here, for ttie de-ilr^iction of the Scottish 
Aimy. The circumstances of aJI there particulars require many 
liM»i bat 1 must abruptly breako off, with my uufained love oiid 



afTection to you and my sister, atid many tliankc* for n^y wjves long; 
and kitide enti^rtciniiient. 

This damnable design hatli been in hatching ever since Chriat- 
maalast, and then doc liut consider what good a poorc PnHlunent 
may hope for, 

Y^ affectioniLte brother 8c servant, 

SiMotioe D'EwES. 
Westm< JuneSp 1G41, 

John tVoldcn io Mr. Wht^dotke, Sir Henry Spflman^s ttaith. 

Worthy Sir, 

I have now a sorrowfull occasion of writing, ivhich is the 
moumfull tidings of my Masters death. At our return from the 
Circuit, he was gone witli my Lady to Blechinglyj where I founde 
him very sick; and remaining there more than a week after, and 
continuing very ill, he was desirous t» come U> London. My 
Lady brought him up according to his desire in her Coach upon 
Fri<fay now a fortiiiglit agone, where he still continued very ill 
untJU the Friday following, being the lirat of this instant, and 
about oiLC of the clock in the aftenioone (U fatall day & bowre!) 
departed this life. His body was imbalined the day following^ 
now lying in tha Parlor, and is to he buryed at Westminster, 
where his Lady lyeth, on Tlmrsday the fourteenth of this present, 
I went out of Town the day after his death, with a Ijettre to tho 
Bishop of Lincoln [who was gone to keepe his Visitation) to obtain 
licenee for the buryall, and had it with a great deale of respect : 
ao tliat I could Tiot sooner acquaint you with this unhappy newes, 
which jierhaps tookc a sudden Hight unto you, i^eordlngc to llie 
Provcrbc. I ahall proceed no further in this unpteasing ±>tory. 


but Icavctng it, come to you and good Mrs. Whcclock with my 
ttnirorthy Service, & tAkiiig leave re»t 

Brer yourv to ubc> 
BurlM>cftn> Jo. Waldbn. 

8 Oe^l4>4). 


Sir SimCHfis D'Enn^s to hin Ladp ut Ixwtjrth. The CUy of l/md<rn 
re/^t$et io poT/ money it had raised, Jioth ilou^Acs have ait irUcr* 
viae with tht King» 

[MS. Hirl.3T9. OrfyO 

My deuxs lorc^ It haUi pleased Ood a little to chockc the 
couraeof our liappic proceedings in Porllamcut. For w^icerc ba 
there waa ihreeAcorc thoiisan^l pounds rcftdic provided by tlic 
Citti« of London to bee wnt to the Arniicn m tl»c Norths on Sa- 
turday morning the three and twentieth tUy of thi» inNtAiit 
Jttnuarie one Alderuiui Penin^ton u ineuiber uf our Howae umdc 
report to u», UiaL tiie said Cittie would not now lend it penie^ 
because one Goudmaji n Jusulte (chat had bucn condemned of 
IVcaaon) was lat^Ie reprieved, beiiidea otber rcaaoiia which hcc 
allcOged; hut tliat wun tlic chelfc. Tlieii wee had u petition drU- 
Tercd by the desire of noure <v thouMuid gudlie nnniAtcrs of Eng- 
land for reformation of matters \\\ the Cburcti. In the afternoonc 
both HovrscH attending the King at AVhiteJiuil, or most of them, 
tbcr tic spake to u», and told u» hcc wished us to refonue oil 
abuses in Churdi &nd Cummonu'ealth, but bee would have the 
Bbdiop remaine as tbey did in Queeiie KlizaibethS time. This, 
doubtlc&9r tJJc llou&e of Commona will never yield unto; and for 
irce are upon a rocke a^iiiat u hicb wee niuftt of necenMiie split, if 
Ood alter not t)ie Kings rc:&o1ution, ttu» Monday oiortihig wve 


bave appointed to dispute the Bishops titles and calling. I am 
hastening to the Howse. My service to Ixworth. Pray; pray, 

Y^ faithfull husband, 
Midd.Temph Jan.xxv, Simonds D^Ewes, 


To the right Wor" 
the Lady D^Ewes at 
Ixworth Abby these 
I pray deliver. 



Patrick Young to Sir Symonds lyEwes .- vpon an Application which 
was making to the House of Commons in hiafavor^ 

[Hu-l. MS. 374. fol. ^h. Orif .] 

*** The present Letter^ dated isa. ^, 1645, refers to the scheme which ms then 
on foDt) eamestLj promoted bj Sir Symonds D'Ewes end Mr. Selden, for the publica- 
tion by Patriclc Young of (he Aleiandrion Septuaginl. Thecoufusion of the times had 
lessened his income, and he trusted to a grant from the Foriiament for this purpose, 
apparently, u his only sure chance for support. 

Some short excerpts from the Journals of the House of Commons, which follow thli 
Letter, willexplsio his success. 

His Scholia on the Alexandrian Manuscript, which at the time of bis death hod pro- 
ceeded as Tat as the fifteenth chapter of the Book of Namben, were obtained of his 
representatives by Bishop Bryan Walton , and used in the great Pol^lot, 

Ex quo te proxime vidi, Vir AmpUssime, tussis querquera me 
domi detinuit, qute necdum in publicum prodire patitur : accedit 
rei farailiaris angustia, et lenta nimium Senatus vestri in expedi- 
endo nostro negotio mora; quo? animum meum miserum in mo- 
dum cruciant^ nee siuunt operi quod in manibus est, cum ea ala- 
critate et diligentia, qute par est, incumbere. Tua vero opera, et 
Mecicnatis mei Domini Seldenl, brevi spero me fructuni tarn longos 

r^Kl^rsUB o' 



tixpfct^tion'ti exoplatum, ^atn \wun Geiiio, visurum ; wn nutem 
(c|UDd nrcrtat D«ue) Imquitas Tomporum concituiG vealros irntus 
reddtclent, Bpcaque iio«tru oihiub decoUavent; mclucUMU tie- 
ccshitaliA vis pnccipiti jam Hcnoctutc itolum vertere ni«* cogcl, •^t ii) 
o1)«ctiro Uiqao terraruin &n(^o, quod roHquum e^ ieruroiio«« 
ritoe, iaiar i^-autoH d pcrogrini>5 trmiNigere, Verum Scnatus htic 
nunquoni nnct, quift «iia potJU8 et men vota proper^ )inplc;1>it. 
Vikk, Tir ftmpliHainiOt ot quod fada^ iicgotium nostrum jtigitcr pro- 
nOTen> ac priHtina Wnpvolcntiu pr<»Mjqtii, porro pcrgc 

Tuum, tutquc ubacrvantiiyvimum cUenttim, 
jAiiturii 20, IC-IS. Patuicium Junium. 

Ampltuitiio vt i>niuthsimu 
viro Domino Simondo D^Ewca 
Equtti aumttj cl fUrorieUo 
inCoTDitti.iOrdinum regni 
±JcnaU>ri longed digiiisUEno. 

Tbc Joumald or ,i\xe Uoiav of CcmaxtUt LiiforiD iu lUat on Jftti. -^, 1(144, diver* 
I>tYtMs of tbt! AF?iiimMy |irmnt«cl « Pniitbn from the CumpinTof McrchanU lM>i>k- 
•Bllan Id Lonctun. c-oiii-rr»iTig clir prlalinf of the C<3\ty of th« Biblff iranalited inCd 
Qrvcb bj this firfiiiM^iuU A €<uaiDUt?c vib> occOEilinfty futnurdi uf ivhoin Mr- Svldcu 
fend SJr Sjraand* D'B»oa wtn two-, and lliftf wrni dlrrdnl ti» i-aciaitWcnncflmiqg lim 
prialiog Ibo CofiToftbe Greek Diblf Irniubtcd by tho Se^ngiaX cbcn In tLe Kinir's 
labnTj. v»t in th« cuatodf of Mr^ Pitrkk Ynung » i^H'I ^ coafrr icith Mr. YouQif 
b«rni|>oa4 *Ad in G0n>ni1«r vf U^r brtl courvp For ttw exacit uid «pfici1]r |Tititiiij[ of it ; 
■ad uf uiiiw expcidicnt fitt iJjc cDCuan^mtint «iid ■uppoKi>f Mr- Yifuig. Aud iJic carv 
fiBnof «•■ c«pH4allf Kcomrafoidtd to Mr, Selden. Joarfi. H. of C. ml. Iv. )i,9, 

July 41k, |64A> it wAi Ordrnd thiit tb« coo4idcf«tion of Mitiiifl tojxU bo Septaagmi 
Ukhlo b7 Ml, Pclxick Younjtt be nietnd io tbo Qnud Comnlttcc for lUtlfiou. Ibid- 

Jaljr !lili, liT4£. It TO RuoWrd tbtt Mr. Patricic Touus ibonld hwvp. tn Allowwure 
^milled Lo Um i^f i*400 pcv annmn during hia Ufi, for «n oncoun^rini-nt to htm for bii 
pwM ia voltiDC foitb tbii Work, And to do other i»cnice4 for the K<>od oftfac Cburch. 
|lM0lT<d iWl tottv^i the nEkklns up of tliis X'4C>0 per ■nniini Mr. TouiiR Uiuuld 
«oiitffiuc to rtvdve tbc proAl wtd rcwouo af tbo Tmcorenbip of PadI'a London. lUid. 



Sept, S3. 1G45. Mf. Whitttore reported ih« Ordinancr ooDMrnJog priatin^ Uic 
ScptUttfTfJUnii'lotlMir BLbl«8iiiid DookM of tmjiorUniit. Jbicl. p, ^H'J, col- $- 

MbrcU 13. IC4^- Tbo OriUuuice for pubEliliiug llic SepluA|(ut wat read t fint 
limp- Ibid. p. 4734 ti6\. I. 

Oft. 16, 1646- The Ordinance vt» read a acooud time; aud Ihc car« of tliiv buit- 
OC^ wu more iiuticulurLy rcf^rrcil lo Mr.SDlJcn. lUid. p. Ofir*, co1> t. 

Uti;. ^7, Hi^T. Tb« homblc FMUlon of ratrlclc Vi>axi|. Eiq. irni rvful. Kculvcd, 
ftti. UiMt (he luiu uf i 'jf.OOO be piov|i]eJ uid i^ild unto F«brt<A Youu^. U lieu uiJ dis- 
«hArgc oT tlii< ymr\y pruvion cr i'lOCi rormprlr grnntnd nttttt ihn MJil Patrir^k Younc 
duriDK 1^ li''Bi fiir ^iB rucfiunvrnjriit in printing the iiioiC utciiMiC Grt^k Copy of (be 
Sflptuagmt Dibit, in the Kiug'i LibrKry, trlicrrof hei> keeper i ud aome oOicr Greek 
HanuacnpU- £l,«KHJ thvrror tu tic cIucipTcl upffn tbo receipU it Coldunilfu' 11*11: 
|1m remcindor cliargoJ npon iLc rccclptaof EUdic. JourA* EI. uf C. vol. r. p. 407 ■ 

Dk- -if. tfi4T> Mr. ^cldcn cvrlcJ io tUc Lordu forUirir ^ncurmir« twoOrdi- 
BUtca for paylnsT by caL^h, the «um of i.'] ,000 to Mr. Patrick Tovuk. Ibid. p. 40^. 

FUrlclt Vooug WW notUDJiudy BUBjiiwtei ofsidiug with tho republican parly. 


3/r-, t^ii-rwardji Str IflUiam Duijduley io Sir Symonds lyEtoet; 
partly on t/tc errors o/tfie Norman traiiscriberfi in tht compOa- 
(vm fif Domesday Book. Sir Symonds has Somntr'* amsianct in 
his intt'udcd j/u(/iicatiOTio/ a Saxon Lexicon, 

[1larUMS.3T4.rol.^4. Crig.] _ 

Honoured Sir^ 

This day I received your Lcttrc (writt all mtii youT owne hand) 
dated U'° Dec. which was very Wellcome to nie in hnngiitg mc 
the good News of your Hading the little blackc Boxe againc, and 1 
hope you will not now any longer delay the perfecting of tlioiw 
wliich are yet t» be put in order^ not only of Dukts and Mar- 
quesscj« hut all others. 

You censure mc a httlo to rashly concerning my comparing of 
Domesday for Mr. Leicester. 1 asaure you 1 did it as oxacliy as I 
ooulJj by his reading tlic origiDall. If Mr. Lciceater do kiione it 
to l)c faultye (as you say) that I will not deny, for I bclcivc the 



oi^nnl is noe an well in that Coutityo, »sintliia. 1 am sutoVKctc 
onttToimne is mencionwl in sovcml plaoes, tliey selilome agree in 
the s^Ifo «aniG orUiograplkyc-, nnd In vioidc, tlic Normnn trtLnK<mbcr« 
of tho«« GCitificAtt^fl wliich nns ontrod in tho booke have cooinuttcd 
very pT«at mistakes ; a* Ablki for Arloi, Derbingcrle for Herding' 
bcric, Illintonc for LUlcnt<>nCj ftnti very many us bad or worse, 
mist&kmg an v (or an n^ a c for & tj an 8 for an 1, fre<|U€nUy, bi cho 
acn of pemoTiH an<] places, I coiifcsac 1 told SHpio whrit he 
sircti by hi* Letter to mc, which was to have Hbcrt}- Jiimsclfc to 
compare it upon occasion, but that request ho would not ^rant^ 
Beiiheriui bo protested to me would he h&vc copyed it for him at 
Pftftt rate bat for my snltc, for be ^nd dod^'d soc M-itb him hercto- 
foTe, that he told mc he would not have more to doc with him, 
Lbutthat I earreatly pcrriuadcd him. Yet I du not approve of hU 
LTi^dncAB in rcfuning t» lot htm compare it agalne, cnpccJAlly if ho 
ean instance any particulars wherein he doubts the eopyc is not 
true. 1 hope yotir inUrest with him may obtcyne that favour. I 
of am opinion that when it comes to tryall the errors will be found 
to be in the on^nall> and not in the copye. 

1 wisli iir. Leicester were an earnest to fitthimsclfc with other 
materialls touching Cheshire as he is curious in this. 

1 hope you huve received the booke I ieni you by the Currycr* 
I muctt ton^ to hcarc how the Presscgocn i^n with Xlfrick, 
I hojve now Umt you liuvc the aOvantu^c of that honest man Mr. 
Stiinncr his belpc, you will spccde the impreasjou of your Saxon 
lexicon and tbc Laws. Those hoc <]oubt will goe of mucli better^ 
tJiou^b the tJiues be b;id, lliau Jlcda, which yoii know waa printed 
in Uic heat of tho Wnrr- I pray you tliinke well thcTcof, and 
neglect not tlils opportunity of Mr. Sumners belpe, wlio tkn he liath 
other^'iM: u:^3t<tied you mucli, aoc may he correct the prcsse^ which 
will be an uspeciall tiizilter. 

I pray you desire your scrTants^ or whoever d*e oic the tran- 
scribers of my booke«j to keepe ihtm from blotting and soyling. 
You oliall bcrcwitli receive the 23 first nuracro'»of thcBundcH 




Clinrt. Antiq. T lifrure tlint the SHqittAiitifi you mmne i^t vMy 
lurlc, timi M't\t\ hhn nrll itioavor. AH ik rcmclurlf^l nnrl uriting* 
mmU* for thnt inariA|^ you mention. My poorr Wife and Sontuf 
^ive ymt jj;reiht tliimkett for your kind ivm<?mhran4?e of them. God 
krr|>fi you and yi)Unt. So^ pravclli 

Youri>t>ligi-<l STrrantv 

To my lion^mrod fmnd S^Symcndft 
hu hoiuc ill Uic I>c«ncti 



tits. Cob. BtliLM^ ftl1ii< iv.m. OX] 




: tift «u chndfiDf for tbir public «rrtirv<. Hnd vhil Ifavj *!t ukno«Ied£«d for Iht 

Ctvdi'i -. ftitiMtniti liul Ihc cmttEucli: or tiolitcnnt of ipldt tO Sire him « rpw&rd. 

TUIotion IcJt hm an OptJOo vhuih n<vrr fc^lJ : tdJ Cofii]iL»n mmcJ^ Aiuon^ nil hi> 

'% fmlroiim§jt, to Wfpneul hli luiikll ili»r)i|p vitb iinulbn~ m&D'i ctuiU^- It ii«a ditglW)^ 

ff M to «DcIi pnlatw to hftirv otvrlDQkfd <o worthja Ban-" 

Good Moihcr> 

Yours of ihe 24lh inntant 1 gladly received, expecting indeed 
one t Week Iwfore, but 1 understand both by VVateraon and your- 
lelf of your in disposed neaae then to write. T)ie reason you receive 
tbis no sooner is, because I liad a mind (knowing of tliis hore^t 
woman's setting out so suddenly for London from hence, and her 
buaioesse kying so neer to Petticote Lane,) that she should deliver 
it into your hnnds, th^it so you may the better, and more fully hcare 
of me, and know how It fareth with me. Sjhe in my biundreEsc; 
make her welcome, and tell her how you would have my lioen 
waabed, ait you were saying in your Lettf^r. 1 am very glad to 
heartltat you aitd my brother Johnson do a;>Tcc so well, that I 
believe you account an unusual courtesie, tJmt he should have 
you out to the Cake-IIouse. However, pray Mother, be carehil 
of yourself aijd do not over-walke yourself, for llial i» wont to 
bring you upon a aick bed. I bear also my brother Sayer is often a 
visitor; truly I am glad of it. 1 hope your Children may he com- 
forta to yon now you are growing old. Remember me back agun 
most kindly to my brother 8ayer. 

Concerning the taking up of my Things, 'tis true I gave one 
shilling too much in the hundred ; but why 1 gave so mucb, 1 
tliougbt indee<l I had given you an account in that same letter : but 
it seems I have not. The only reason is, because they were a Scho- 
Ur*B goods : it is eommon to make them pay one shilling more 
Uun the Town's people. Dr. Pearson himaelf j>ayed so, and sere* 
rat other lads in this College : and my Tutor told me they would 
expect w> mucli of me> being a Scholar : and I found it so. 

Do not wonder so much at our Commons : they are more than 
many Colleges have. IVinily itself (where Herring and Davies 





are) which ia the fnmouMat College in the Univernty. h^vt but 
three haif'p<:ncc. Wchn\'c roftsl nn^ftl, dinner and supper, ihrough- 
out ihc wcckc ; and such mcatc aa you know I not u»c to c*re tor ; 
BTid that is Veal : hut now 1 have Icamt to eat it. Sometimes, 
ncvertlieicsse, we have boiled meat, irith pottage; atid beef and 
mutton, which I am gliid of; CEoept Fridays and SatunUya, and 
aometimet "Wednesdays; which days wo have Fiah at dinner, atid 
tansy or pudding for supper. Our part* tlicn are slerider enough. 
But there is this remedy ; we may retire unto the Butterio, and 
there take a half-jK-nny loafc and butter or cheese ; or cUc to the 
Kitchen, and take there what the Cook hath. But, for my part, I 
am sure, I never visited the Kiu^hen yet, Binee 1 hftTc been here, 
and the Butteries but seldom after meals; unlease for a Ciza, 
that is for a Farthing-wonh of Small-Bccr ; so tliat lc»sc tlian a 
Pftiiy in Bc«r doth serve me a whole Day. Neverthclesse some- 
times wc have Exceedings : then wc have two or tlirett DUhe:i 
(but that is very rare) ; otherwise never but one : so that a Cake 
and a Chee-Kc woukl be very welcome to me : and a Ncat'd Umgue, 
or ^me such thing, tf it would not require tou much money. If 
you do intend to send me any ilnng, do not send it yet, until you 
hear further ijf mc: for I have many thiiiga tu beud fur, which 
nmy all I hope be put into that Box you have at home : but what 
they arc, I liball give you an at-'cuuiit of hereafter, when I would 
have tliem acnt : ami tli»t is, wTien 1 iiavc gut me a Chumber ; for 
as yet, I am in a Clmitxber that doth not at all please mc. I hare 
thoughts of one, which la a very handsome one, and one |)aji of 
ataira high, and that louketh into the MaaterS garden. The price 
is but 2CK per annum, ten whereof a Knighton son, and hitely 
admitted into thi» College, doth pay ; though he did not come 
till about Midsummer, so that 1 shall have but ID' to pay a year; 
beaides my income, which may be about <0' or thereabouts, Mo- 
tlier, 1 kindly thank you for your Orange pilU you acnt inc. If you 
are not too straight of money, send me aome uueb thing hv the 
woman, and a pound or two of AJmonda and Ralaon:!, But firat 
ank her if she will carry tJiem, or if they be not too much trouble 



to her, I do moc)! approTc of your sgredng with Uie Camer 
qtnrtfrlj-i he was mdccrd UQiug uic u( it, UiuL yuu liml agreed 
witli him for il : Ai\d I thtnk he mnuis both jours and mine 
Make your bargain *«re with him. 

I w&d«r9itand by your Letter that you are very iii<|ui»ilire to 
know bow thiiij^Ti ntatid with me here. I believe you may 
be well enough Mtisticd by the Woman. My breakiikgn-gut 
arc n<iw all gone. Indeed ! wm ufmid nt my first coming It 
would have proved Uw Itch: but 1 «in fairly rid on it: but I 
fear I shall get it, let me do what I can : for there ore many here 
that Ilkvc h cruelly. Some of them tal(e utrong purgeai tiiat 
would kill a hurvcr weeks together for it, to get it an-ny, and 
fetare hardly rid of it. At my first Coming I laid alone : bnc 
uncc, my Tutor desured me to let u very clear lad lay with me, and 
■n Alderman's si^n of ColchcKtcr, which I could not deny, licing 
newly come : he hath l^d with roe now for almost a fortnight, and 
will do iHI he can provide himself u-ith a Charobcr. I have been 
with all my Acquainlanre, who liave entreated me very courteously, 
especially Jonathan Moughton. I went to Wis Chamber Uie Friday 
aigfat I first came, and there lie made me stay and sup n-ith him, 
uid would have had me laid with him that night, and waa extra-^ 
ordinary kind to me. Since, we liave been together pretty often. 
He excused himaelfe, tJiat he did not come to see mc before he 
went; and Uiat he did not write to me :iince he had been come. 
lie hatli now^ or is about obtaining, :£10 more from the College. 

We go twice a day to Chapel ; in the morning about 7> ftnd in 
the Evening about 5. After we come from Chapel in the morn- 
ing, which is towa/da 8, we go to tlje Butteries for cur breakfast, 
vhieh usually is five Farthings; an halfepenny loaf and btUter, 
and a cixe of lieer. But sometimes 1 ^ to an honest Houhc near 
tlic College, and have a pint of milk bcilcd for my breakfast. 

Truly I was much troubled to hear that my letter for Ireland 
is not yet gone* I wish if Mr. Jones i« not yet gone, Uiut it 
might be sent some other way. Indeed I wish I could Bce my 
oouun JanKH Honnell here within three or four vcars : fur I 



believe our University is leas strict to observe lads that do not in 
every point coiifurmf, llmii tlivirs at Dublin: tho^igli oura b* bad 
enough. Pray rcmeEober me to my Uncle, and all my friends 
there, when you write. Remember me to mycouftin JameaKnoz. 
1 nm glad he h recovered from his dangerous sickneva, whataoerer 
it lA ; for I cannot make any thing of it, as you have written it. 
And thus, for want of Paper, I ood^ desiring heartily to be n^mcm- 
hred to all my Friends. Kxcuse me Co my Brother and Sister that 
they have not heard from mc yet. Next week I hope to vritc to 
them both. Excuse my length, t thought I would anavrer your 
Letter to the full. I rcmaincyour dutiful Son, 

Jp Stuuk 
ThesQ for hU honouivd Mtithcr 

Mm. Hest&r Stryp M'iddow, 
dwt'Uing in Fettit'ttit L:kne> right over 
againM the Five lnk-lIom<v, without Rifthops-Gat«, 

ID LfOndon. 


John Strjfpe to Ait Mother. C&ntlnuatttm of tkeAtcoimt o/"A*f' 

Cotiefff Life. 
[Colc'i MSS. ToL iiL pp. 534. £.350 

Tue&day From & Katli. UaU 
Kind Mother^ in Ounbridge, IffAug. If^l. 

Tlie ii. Present 1 received with your Letter £f). which was forth- 
with cArricd to my Tutor, who, I undentood, ejcpected a greater 
lump, which you may gucKx by my Hill here rneloated ; aho because 
we were behind-hiuid with hioi in former Accounts. It would be 
good if the remainder of the motiey due to this Bill could bo Miit 
by Um next. The next Quarter, which is approaching, would he tlie 
more tolerable. Assure yourself 1 am not «o far out of t}ic way, 
or m miooncerned, but that I am sensible of tlie charge* tJmt a 

LrrTKita of eut^bnt lttshabt vex. 


CoQ^e life cloth expect, tatd particukrlj mine ; and tberelbre 
hiTC endcavoarcd, and nhall, the time providence hnth «1]otte<I 
for my 5tay here, conUuuc in Uic anaae eitJcavuur; to wit, of 
redeeming tlie basteiimg Itoura^ and improving tliem, »o as tiiAt it 
may be for my advantage nnd credit, w»d therewith nil my friends 
GOmfortA hereafter Tnkc thia from a »eriotiEi Pen, IVuy lett's 
undentand whether tltat Letter miiicarned wliidi I acnt laat week 
to my aiater Welsh, Tliere nns somethiiig id it I would have 
•a ansirer Co. 

I know you cx|>ecl I shuukl tcU you what is tjcoome of Uie 
money I brought along ivith mc; and 1 will gUdly satii^fy you la 
aiiy thing. Some of it b yet remtiinii^ in uiy huntla, for uaea : 
aiid 1 question not hut you ore well contented I stiould have 
aomethLng laying hy uiec ngainnt nct^ruity. Ten Shillings you 
know 1 paid out uT it for tlic ilorsc 1 cuiue fr<jai London opon. 
Another 10* I gave to niy luylor In part of puymcnt for making 
my Sute, More of it went for Books| whereupon you xec iioe 
Booka in my Bill. The remainder you may conclude Is in my 
custody. Excuse, I bcnuech you, ttie targeiiessc of my tiiyU>r*9 
Account, and it shall he less for the Aiture, Bed*makcr and 
Laondrease are set down for a \i lioUr Quarter; wliere^tii 1 wa^ 
•bvcnt a Month : so that what my LuuitdnMae hjith liad overplus 
the laat Quarter, shall he abated her for so much of this Quar- 
ter; and «o I have turneil her oif; henides her loosing roy linnen 
and vashing dimly, she hath also grosly abused me, and one 
or tnro others ; but when all cornea to all, hath worst of all abused 
and bcsootcd htrsclf : ant! all for a trifle, and most unjustly. 

Wc have berabouts most intoltentble robbing: never by reports 
so much. 1 have heard within two or three days of six or seven 
robberies hereabouts committed : whereof two or three killed- No 
longer th&n last sabbath, a mile of^ a man knocked on the head. 
Lately a scholar of Peter House had both his cares cut off, be- 
cause he told the thieves, after he had delivered some money to 
them, that he would give tliem lefive to indict an} punishment 



upon Kim, if lif* haul a fiirthtng mar«: liur, tiiey HCarchmg him, 
foutid^ it sccm», SO* more: so they took him &t liis wotc1> and 
inHictGd the cheater's punishment upon him. 

Tlic iwtiMin iMrginning now to hnxtcn towimlK Winter, And a 
Coat I shall hare great occasion for. It may be you may meet 
with m piMN! of b1a<?lc cloth, either in the chest my nncle BonneJI 
sent, or among th<^ Broalcers, whieli rrmy serve my ttim. If you 
meet with surrh a pieee ehea|)e, do ncit paftse the opportunity. 

My respects and service to all my Fri**nfU, parttciilnrly to my 
hrofher and siater Johnson, whom I understand are now rehinted, 
uid I hope in good health, and 1 fthnll remain for erer 
Your very much eiignged Son, 

JoHX V, Strtp. 
I act not the irilvcr buckles I waa promiaed ; yet they 
would be rcccircd very thankfully^ if they came, 

for Mrs, Heater Stryp, at Mr. Walsh'a 
House in S^ Martin\ London. 


John Sirype to hi* Moth^. About to take Ai# D^ffm. 

Good Mother^ Satuidar Even: 1663. 

I am unHatisfied very much if I cannot Iteare from you once a 
weeke, whiles Times are ao troublesome, and the place and air 
you Live in it so danji:erous and infectiouH, This is the cause that 
1 resolved thi^ Saturday Evening to trouble you with a Letter. I 
am ready to tliink my Tucsduy Letter was miscarried, because no 
Anawer to it> e^pccijdly being of concernment. I pray let me un- 



id how afTftira go. I connot 1>uE imagine you now begin 
>'D0 m UtUe fearful of tho Pliifpic. The Rc[>ort gocst, th«t no Icshc 
than «ixty were buriod Thursday Ermmg of timt di&caftc. 1 hope 
by this cinMi yon art convinced it ia Uio bctttwny to cliangc your 
_lubiUtion for th« Country. 

But secondly, and chioAy, concerning my Degree. TTic next 
Monday or Tvoaday c^imc ttcv«n-night, I expect to be BacJidour of 
ArtMf so that you will hut supply mr with some money. I have 
I enquired, and undcratfind thnt It will stand me in £S llic cheapest 
way; and thorcforc, 1 bcaecch you, fayle not to procure it for me. 
You may acix] cither by Hurst on Tuesday, or Watcrson on 

That I have not yet wrote to Brother Johnson In, because I 
lwv€ Dot bcon able to an-iwcr kim in tlio particular of Suh^crlp- 
ttOHj bftmig not had the opportunity of speaking cither with the 
Proctor, or my Tutor; but, aa far as I can understand, tlicre la 
AO escaping of it ; yet it is a more ImrmdcMe thing then is ima- 
^ncd, ftnd no more than himselfe subscribed to, and all oUter ftiace 
'Q* ElJsobcth*^ rcigne i hdng nothing else than tlic chicfc heads of 
Uie Prote^Uiit ItcLigion. 

ThuM much at preaent iQ baste. My buuibleat aemce to my 
Aunt, and sister Webli, with the rest. 

I am your moAt obedient Son, 
From Kallianiie llfLlt, Cauibridge^ Joh.v Stht^. 

June 17, 1GG&. 
If you Imve provide! those Stockings before spoken of 
1 pr»y send them. J. Stryp, 

Theac for Mn*. Hester Slr^Tie. 

Leave these at the further-ntoat House in 
Nettleton's Court, withoQt Alders^uta. Or iit 
Mr.Wel»h'«j aOoldsniith in New Ucnta in 
S* Martin** In Loadcn. Del, 





iiumphrtry trideaux to t^r Robert SouihweiL 
[AddiL MS. BrU. Miu. 1^,101. OHff,] 

%* OrniuiiplkMj' PTiJ«aux, It it iuAdlcnt to nmlad th« rudv thai Im wi« tl« 
Bother of tlkC " Life of Mahomcl." mad of " The Conacctioa of tbi Hbe<irT of Uio 
OM inJ NfTw TMUmtiiL'* A( the Iieeki of writtDjc ILU Irtirr bir wbi 4 itii4cat, and 
Dr. Huiby'i Hebrew lecturer, at Ctiriit Cbsrch, Oilbrd- Afleivudi Dc^u of Norwich, 
nbtn h« dle4 It) 17Z4. 

Whowu EhiT "Jtir TheidM*' maotiaoed in thia L*tt*r, tU RdEcor bu not diMO- 
vrrrd. Tlir Kitihofi Hiul Ilr, P<L1, vho. Il Umt limf, hrld the Duncry of Cbrllt 
Church in com awn dim with Ibc BUhoprkk of Oxford^ 

Sir Robere Souibwcl], to whom il li tdilrt^itrd, wah Qaad« one of Ibc Clerka of tb« 

Prjvjr C«juiiui] iu lOfll, «ud wan kftei*anlii rm^ilujcd lu tcricral Nej^uliativnt. t1« 
rttircd fram pubKn farrbp, «voaiiC tho rutiiininff of hU ieal in PulkmonF, in IG91 \ but 
w>fl ii(«b raLW lo offitc nfW the RttoluUua. Kbff V^Hliun nuidc Hm prlndptl 
SccTdMrf of Slntfl for IteUnd. From L0*JO lo W5 he wu Prriidcnt of the Kofil 
SoclcLj. H« dkd lii«pt<Utb, 1703. 

Hon<»Sir, Oxford, Ap, inli, 1633, 

I Rm ushamed that I now vritc this second letter without 
bceiiig able to give you that account 1 promised in my laAt. The 
truth in, I heiiig mini^U;^ of Woodstock, the <)uty« incumbent on 
mc tlicrc against Easter, Iiavc, for this l&st fortnight, obliged me 
to a constant residence there; And therefore as yet hare not liad 
an opportunity of waitinj; on tlic LadyT}'TTc1^ hut shall defer it 
noc longer then till to-morrovr ; and I hope I shall be able to give 
you spcdyly a witiifactory account in that affair. However, 1 am 
glad I returned hith«r soe conveniently ycsfncrchiy as to receive 
your letters!, vrhich came hither by the last nif^hU post, llic 
inclosed 1 have delivered to S' Thomaa, and much vonder Uiat 
titherhe or his Tutorshouldbceguilty of soc great anefilcctasyou 
have been pleased to ncquaint me vith, of not answereinge your 
letters. 1 have acquainted boUi of them of as much of the cod- 
tents of your letter as you gave mc in charge, and leave it to them 
to make their excuse, I am mudi auq>rise(l at tlie ill opinion I 
find you have entertabed of & Thomas ; we have here a much 



ContiSLiy notion of him, weloake on liim a-sa sMulinu-s velUinrlinrd 
yong Gentleman, anti luivt' ^rcat hojies of him> tbat he will make 
m TCiy wortliy gallant man- Were lio any wny idle or loosely 
incUn^d, I thinke I must have heanlof it. I have very good rea^son 
to assure myaelf of tho conlrjiry; (or I often talko with him m 
our Common Room, vherchc hath admittance n-ith us; and am I 
confeuc much pleased with thcpugn&iicy of his wit, and tUepcrti- 
Dency of his discourse, which he usually &tarL( in order to his 
instruction, aad very aptly frames his questions in nr<!er thereto; 
and srirretimeii he eomen to my clmmbcr, and tijcn his business is 
for the mott part to borrow some bookc or other of me, which he 
wll read over and then bring mc again. As to his atudjs, he is 
in the hands of in;cetiious men, and I hope tliey faithfully ilis- 
durgc their duty to him. J am told he keeps hiH ehamber very 
well, and never goes into the Town to any publif:k house; if soc. 
certainly no ill can happen to him: hut if you send liim to Lon- 
don next Michaelmas, as he mach talks of, I eonfesa I shall begin 
todispair of him, he being il» yet to yong, & not sufficiently forti- 
fied to visit the multitude of temptations which he will find there. 
In thnt jdace he will be in the very jaws of Hell, and it will be 
dijhcult for one of his age among that multitude of temptations to 
all sorts of loosencitxe which raigiic tliere, to escape rutn. And 
for this reason, 1 gave you im hint tn my Inst that I tlioughi it 
would be better (o continue him here. But that you may be under 
noc mistake as to him, if you thinke lit. I will communicate the 
contentsofyourlcttertothe Bimhop, who bath a most exact know- 
ledge of all the young Gcntlcmi^n under his care, and a constant 
ac<^ount of all their actions ; and you shall have an account of S' 
Thomas from him, and that you may rely uptin fts certain ; for I 
liaviit^ now noc business in tlie College, hut being often absent 
from it at Noruich and at my Living, may. I confesse, not soe vrtU 
understand this busiuesse : but my Lord cannot lie mistaken 
herein, for nothiTi^ tbat is done in the College escapes him, he 
bath soe exact un account of all tilings. In whatsoever 1 ean 



i^krrSRA or suimbnt litskary hkn* 

serve you, here or eliewlicro, you ^hM find noe on« Tnor« mdy 
*jr faitlirull, and your commaitds fihaJI aJway* he. moHt welcome to 
mc as Co one that Jcairea to approve himxelfe in nil thlngn, 

Y<rtir owrt futhfiil] 
For the worthyly Hon** and devoted humble servant, 

S^ Kolwrt Southtvell, K'. H. Pridkaux. 

at Kings We*ton. near 



tViHifim fJcyti, ninhoji ofSi.Ataph, to Dr. Ff/i, HUhop of O^ord, 
Private Aff'airx. Encovro^ement of tfeish Litfrafurt^, Mr. 
D^dwrU. I^trd li'Uioufjhhy i^ Parham'a Son. En^wiriex ^«r 
certain poor Schohtrt whom he had recommtndtd to Iht Birhop'f 
care at Christ Church, 

[MS. Dt^iAt. Bril. Mus> 42T4. fol. Sfl. Orig.l 

%* Dr.WUUim LLojavu UJubop of Sc AuphfFom ICiSO to 1C9V. Ikmucben 
tniiBljitacI CO Iho Sc« of LlvkGclil aaU CorEntrj, and ihca<]«, In I*>P?, to Worceitor- 
He (lind 4l thn ngn of nJii«Cf ^a«p in 1?1T. 

My good Lord, 
I have trusted aJl the huAinesfl of my Account ever «noe I came 
liithcr With A Stt^vTArd that ( for want not of Honesty I Uiink but 
of ftomething eUc that ia olmoat lu ncccasar}' for a mart in thftt 
place^) has perplcjst mo divers vmya & j>urtic"jlarly in my Accotinl 
with your lordslup, 1 can neither tcU what 1 have rcccivd from 
you nor vrhnt I lun to chaise tny Account for it^ nor what haa been 
divchnr^d, iho (Iii» kat I ant avirc in very UttUi ; ao liltio that 1 
am aahamcd of it. Hot I have now knotJicr Slovard who I be- 
Iccvc will be very punctuall with you, far he iv »o with all that he 
deaU witlj, & 1 intonci he ahall keep your Account hy itself when 
once he has tt, but he muat have it first. And therefore 1 desire 



your lordnhip to take the trouMo this onco to send me n full 
cK&rgc frotD Uu: bc^uning of my dc&ling vith you iii thtA tratle^ & 
to let me know whut you have receivd on my Account. Yuu khaU 
be sure never to have th« like trouble agaiit, & to hbvc as qtiick 
returrut ttst we can make. 

We wwit two or tlircc thousiind of WcUh CatccKiBins in aheeta 
or half sheets, for children that are lennuni^ to read ; & therefore 
ibert )bhou1d be Alpbftbctts of great and small letters [suoli oiid mo 
coupled H!t we u*e ihetu in the \Vt»l»!i lunguage) in the beginning of 
every sheet or half sheet. 1 desire to know what tlicrc is now in 
the Wclih Press, for 1 would keep it still &t work ( if 1 could ) with 
something or other of publike use. Against the next liinu tlisit it 
is nitbout work I would you a little Webb Prayer Book, tb*t 1 
1ia\'e in a rcadiiieiuij ^ wsnts nothing but n IxUlc oorrtfticm. I 
liftvc t>csides n ^'elsh -Song-book of ^urh i;ongs nK urc niofit npt to 
stir up deTotJon, 8c invectives against vice, ik incentives of vrrtu, 
ivhich iriU be of grent use in this country. 1 have also a. Welsh 
AlmaoAck for the next yecr. Tlicsc &rc all tlint 1 liave rcutly for 
the press. 

AucI now I iipeidc of Almanacks, I remember I writ to your 
Lordship for a douzen of y«ur sheet ^Vlinanacks for this veer to his 
•ent, together with the Common-IVayer books, to Wrexham^ since 
which time 1 hear there are Komc Common-Prayer books come 
thither, but 1 do not know how mnny nor whether any Almanacks 
nre come with them ; nor have 1 had any letter from your lord- 
ship, so that I am yet uncertain whether my letter has amxe to 
your lordship, I de«ire that whensioever you send any thing for 
me you wouki be plcflse^l to scud your letter of iidvice by the I\>»l, 
that 1 miiy know what to demand of the CArricr, 

Mr< Dodwell is gone to Che*ter this day, & will stay there some 
while How long he has not yet determined. But before hta 
went from hence be sent his Canon & Fasti, being now ready for 
the press, to one Samson Hoberts B, A. of Newinhall that went 
yesterday for Oxford^ & undertook to deliver them to your iard- 


t.B'rreR9 op BMiHByr mtbaart hvp 

I writ formerly to your lordship, conceraing a youth of aboat 
eighteen yeers of nge, son to the Lord Willougliby of Parham, who 
has been with me above two yeers. Ho came hither very raw, 
from h mean Country achoole, but by his owne indefatigable 
industry, witli audi help as my Chaplains could give him, he ia 
so exceedingly improved, thot I bclic\'e for Greek & LaUn there 
come very few Lads so well stored tD the Universityf Sc for \u% 
Religion & Moralls he deserves singular comeji<lation. He is 
indeed in all renjiectr^ nMt^h a one as you would wlsli to have in 
your CuHedge, & therefore 1 used the mure boldness in recom- 
mending him to your Lordship for a Student's place. As he, I 
am sure, will fill it with ineritj so he has llie greatest need of it 
that can be. His jwor Father can do nothing for him. Ajid I 
know none els that will do any thing but myself Here I keep 
him with very little charge ; but to keep him at the University 
will be a charge greater than I can bear. But if he has a Student's 
place, 1 will strein hard to allow him -O'^ a yeer^ which will give 
him a competent subsistence. For he cats but one meal a day, & 
thinks no clothes too mean for liim to wear. I never knew one of 
his age a more perfect Philosopher, l*ray my Lonlj if you can 
linde a place for him, let me know when it will require him Uic- 
thcr, that I may order things for it accordingIj\ 

For the poor Lad that 1 recommended laat yeer to your lord- 
ship, I thitik his name is Francis Jones, 1 understand that his ser- 
vice doe a not yceld him a raainlenante; & his mother who is a 
poor widow in my neighbourhood, can adde little lo it ; so that 1 
fear the poor Lad is like to want. Therefore to put him in a condi- 
tion to Uve, I think to get my brother Baekliuiisej who is school- 
master ai Wolverhampton, to take bim thither to be a supemu- 
mary Usher in his Schoole : & I shall do it the rather to oblige llus 
yoiig mBii, witli an additiocuU salary, to be a kinde of Tutor to 
my Son, who i& at schoule there ; if ^our lordship shall judge this 
yoiig man to be 6t for such a tru^t, as I Lope he is, iiaving never 
heard anything of him but what i^ very goud, He will get 
enough there to enable him to keep hia terms at the UmverKity, 



he will mijimvc! himswlf tn Sclioole learning, tirtiirh will mnlcc 
some lun^milx for th? Loss oF M'hat }iv miglit have got iti otiier 
kindra of tcnun-lcdgf by his atnyiiig at tho University. 

I did use to hear Ftometimes from my gnod Mothi^r, now with 
Qotl, raTtiV-niiTi^ poor Roliin Morgan who is one of my priimpall 
<Afe9t fc conccmin^ Will. King vho ia anotlier of your StudeTita; 
I (k^ire your lordship, when you writ*^ to me srimetimcs, to let me 
know how thf^y lio, A how thoy hckftvr tliemselrcs, an also con- 
remirig Mr, Rohiniion, whom I Intoiy recommended to your Lord- 

Mr. Dodwell and 1 have been in hopes of your Xeiv-yeers gift, 
wliich I donkt not you htivv. %t.-ntf tho an yet wc litivc not henrrl 
of it, 

I defture yotir lordnhipA answer to those thingv which T have d^ 
a'trd your Aiuwor to in thi» letter, & that I may allw&iea have th« 
brndit of your good pmycrs> 
I am^ 

My Lord, 

Your lord«1iipN mnst nf1(*rtioriite 
Jan.;?9j K3,^. servant & kinsman, 

To the right Reverend W. AsArit, 

Father in God 
the Lord Bishop of Oxford. 

J B wi ^lf l i l f ifiiii. Bishop o/Lonrhjit to Mt, Strrfpe, cotttmunicatintf 
iie yorm of an Addresit for tfte Cier^y of Aur Diocetty on th% 
Accanm ^ King Jmnev IL 

[Col«'ii MS. Jtfk. Mns. iroLUL p. 479.] 

«.« Tb* Chnfli>tOKi<:^ vnoMHion uf th* Lvlttn in tliit Votiimi^ it \\ttf « UtiJt 
llt«niipU>d. Ilut thrcr hliart Noln iVom BUhqi ComfitoD to Mr. SrryiH may be 
broaibt iCYftbcr. The Umencu of iLii NijC«( whicb rrconimnul* ^a Addrmlo King 
JuoM upott bn Accocici). will Dot Cntl io be coaCFtfUa «Jth tbc nnt, ntbJrU ti^vaki cr 



Uu b1rM[ii£« or tht Revolution- In lh« thinly vc l^nd iht Uiflop idTOCiUot the ciialot 
of two proUvUac pvllaLucatiirj cauiJlld«t» for Ehu, * 

Good Bmthcr, !\b,21, I6ft4. 

I find there ia a disposition In stvcmll of tlic Clergy of my 
Diocese (which I Coubt not to be the sense of every one of you) 
to oxpren^ their Loyaltic to his Majcvty, aikI tliaiiks for hh gra- 
cious Assurances, in an Address. I sLouId be unwilling to stiHe 
such good IncTiimttons, arid have therefore thought fit to commu- 
nicate the Form of an Acldreai to you^ that the wliote Dioc 
might express their unnnimous Thoughts in the same vor 
which 1 entreat you to make known to our Brethren in the Dcane 
of Barking. 

You will likewise now have an opportunity to give a real evi- 
dence of your prefect Fiitetity^ hy using your utmost interest 
among the Gentry and other Free-holders^ where you are ao> 
quttinted, to give their roiccft for sucli sober and prudeiil men, as 
wOl seek tlic Peace of the Church and State, by promoting the 
King's and Kingdom's Service. I need not warn you of the great 
diligence used hy the Knemies of both, to make choice of fae* 
tiuu^ anJ turlnihnt spirtU: and I hope the Truth and Justice of 
your Cause will make yoo no leas industrious, to prevent siich 
wicked and pernicious dcsignes, which bcare so fatal an Aspect 
upon all honest men. Thu«, praying God (o direct you in so 
good a work, 

I rcm^ your most assured Friend &nd Brother, 

H. London. 
The Kcv. John £trype. 

* The n^tluipi of tliU period mide no icmplc to iatafrrt Ea rircUou. B«( El 1 
■ODirUmn <li»D|tvroui. lAvj'i btabvp of WorccvCpr, who kid btco eqdiIc lofiil i 
vUlal buliop of Si. AMph, fondntud hi tlwi attcv tiU I70ft iikrB, tofcttot «iUi I 
•on, barlDt loo »4nt1f loEatsinS liiinKlf in lli« olfCifSoD fer ibe Coantr of Wo 
A comrlaul «u mtdc to tho Uouk of ComaioM*, uid a rcMladoti |Mve4 of i 
bf thic Qmca to r«ttn<o WOLUa lord blabfp of Womrtor frook bdoc lovi JUinoaifl 
to btf M^egiy. ud that " Mr, Attoniof Owamrd ilo |v«oratv Hi, Uoji, tkt brtfj 
'• U«^p«f WoroHter'BHK, fo* hu aid ollacM^ jifiR bai |viTil«c« «« • RWkbw ofl 
" Lowr H<mt d C««xcc>tion h ovt.*' tn coM cq atPc c of lUo vote u Atttii i 
pcwiuaid to lbs Qacv. vbk vydi Dcr lUjMtjr eoaplM, uj diunbioil tbo fakbopi 




Tfu mnu to thr same. The Clrrgy vnthin Mr. Strype*s Rural 
Deanery io Iti^ b^ore the people the biessinffs oj'the Hevoltttion- 

[Ibid, p, 4800 

Good Broll»c?r, Jan. 1689. 

It iat U) be feared, that, as the Kneinies to the present Govcmmcnt 
hAvc omitted no occasion liitlierto of doing mischief to it, so, in all 
probability, they will likcM'isc upon this Intc Tax of 2' per Pouivl, 
endeftVQT to make the People as uneasy as tbcycan by false and 
malicious loainuations. You may therefore do a considerable ser- 
vice to the King, by disposing our Brethren in your Deanry, to 
take Eill opportunities nt this time, to lay before the People tlie great 
Blessings wc enjoy by Hm wonderful Revolutioiij which has pro- 
cured to us so full a Dchvcrance from Popery and arbitrary Power, 
tliat, during our Capiiv-ily, we would have pun:has(.-il with the 
baiard of our Lives and expcnce of our Fortunes. And now pray 
use your discretion^ and l>elieve me. 
Your moat assured Friend and Brother, 

II. London. 

77^ iitme to Ike^ame: rrcfmrnendinff Sir Chariton Bttrrington ami 
Mr* Batlock to hr elected rcjircscntativen in Parliament /or Etsex^ 

[Ibid. p. 406.] 

Sir, Fulham, Nov, 20, 170L 

I entttat you to let the Clergy of your Bennry know, that it is 

my opinion, that tlie peace, honour, and safety of this Chur(*h and 

N»ti<m depend in a gTt'nt mi^AMire upon the good MueeeVK of this 

next Election, and that 1 doc therefore thiTik it <mr pummon ditty^ 


oupomlly forUHof the Clergy, to oontriljutGallw© can to ^t in' 
good men- Now, I confess^ from theae^ nfinaideratioiu, &nd aft 
inattera atand in ICaaex, in myjudgcmi^nt, u-c shall he ^re^y want 
in^ U> i^unaWen nnd our common-gnnd, if we dn not t^ke tlic hritt 
itLtcrcst wc can^ and be vigorous ourselvea for the choice of Sir 
Charles Barrinffton and Mr- Bullock. It will he for the reputa* 
tion of the Church, and for itJtservire, if we he unanimous. 

Your most ns«ttrt^d 

Friend and Brother. 
I take it for granted the Letter ia atopt, H. LiOXBON, 

if I henrnot from you. 
Kev- Mr, Strjpe. 


Dt. TiUotsoHf Dean of Canterlur^f to Sir Re^i Atkyns: on the 
IttfaHtifofa OtTffymun rtmovimj from one Living to amtktr, 

{KAAit. MS. Brit- Mm. 9R2fl. Op^.] 

Honord Sir, May 4th, 16S6. 

I am sorry that I did not kfiow of your being in Tovn thst I 
mij^ht haw paid my respects to you at your lodgings, h is upon 
Mr. Brabant'« request th&C I now give you thi^ trouble- lie tells 
me you were plcas'd to promis? him the Living of Waltbam 
Ahhvi when it should be void, a« it in shortly like to be ; but that 
he having since that promise ohtain'd another Li%ing, you make & 
doubt whether it be lavrfull for him to ]e«vc it >nd take another; 
and thai in tins my opinion is desirM< ^Vhen he mentioned this 
tome 1 yftsi afraid he haddcsir*d to have had both, which with mc 
would ha\-e made & much greater diftieutty, especially eouBtderng 
the greatness of the Parishes and the distance between tlwm ; but 
I never had any apprclicnsion of the unlawfuhwsa of the other, if 
there be the same probahilitj- of *Mng good, whidi ought always to 


be rc^ftrdcdf becnaae that b the end of our MimaLry. IkDOwtbftt 
our L&wcoUa a mans LiTing his wife, but there is no arguing from 
ninUitude^i, if the rcoaon be dot e^uol in both caJics> ivhich i con- 
fess I do not «ec. 

WWn by your favour and interest (wliicli I munt ever own with 
ft junt aeitsc of it) 1 woa preferred to I>uico1[i'» Iiinc, I left a Living 
in the CoUDtry, and doubting l>ut that 1 might Uwfully do it> and 
I reaaoii to dtj so, beeaunc 1 hvped^ or at Ica^t wa.i over-ruled by 
ay frienda into an apprehcn«ioii^ that 1 &b^uld be in a capacity of 
doing more good tliere tlicn in the Country. Aitd tlie auuic coii- 
aidrrati4>ii liath kept me there so many yearn, though 1 have twice 
been ofrere<i by my late Ijord Chancellor Nottingham, and onco very 
eaiikcfttlv importuned hy him, Ui accept of S^ Martins in the Fields, 
the greatest and he^t Living iJi England ; which 1 only mention to 
shew Uiat I always thought it lawful to remove from one place to 
another, hut sitill vrixh regard to our greal end, which is the proba- 
bihty and opportunity »f doing most good. But 1 submit all tliis 
to your better judgement and con?iider&Lion, and shall only cnive 
leave to add tliuL, uiilesn you think tlie thing clearly unlawful!, the 
ohIiguLioii of your promise is still in force* With my very humble 
Mrrice to my Lady and my hearty Pmycrs for her safe deliverance, 
and for ttie prosperity of your Family, I reat, 
Hon-J Sir, 

Tour most obliged & 

bumble Servant, 
Tu tlie Hon^>« Sir Rohert AUcyne, Jo. Ti llotson. 

Kfiight of the Bath. 






The Rtv, John Ray to Dr, Shane. A Lriicr o/fiia»tMip and 


*,* tiMMffUMt AMoant of IU7 iippunJ (a t!i» •■ COttpb^l UkftoryoTSttnfi^for 
nOfi;*' talk/mtd in HJ!* ^ ■ rocorfCfd Mmolr io the '-Gcnenl Dvbonr?/' A 
tUrd nd Vftlvi»d Ufrof ktm c^inc out ia Uir "BiofrapbU Hr^tuiniur kod « «1U 
mora dctJiUo] UeUQoa (rrom dmUAaU Mfjicb Dnksa bad collected} b; Df. Sco«l ia 
ITCO, preAud u> Kaj'i *- £«kcl BemUm," Dr. Pultcwr, b UtShtdMoT tbe Pt<K 
fi<Mi cf fiol'n J is Fn^luiJ, C"T ^ v^^l morr ^Ilbork1r M#iHnr af lt«f, man* p«rtu 
eidvtf cmottBttfiiiil ud comict m U ha iBp4o*t«MaU In BoUakal AfnufCtortit and 
VvfcUlide phjuiolofv, viklch vu Jailicl<iD*lif Abridfol, with Mmc ntfcctimu of hu 
ovn •aperaddei], bf hit Jtaci Edwud timtU, Im a Ufa of Ktj fanubcd to lleci'* 
Cjf!ijt«du TWkKdt Uv«u>k«r lUylo EHi*b ktbiftpn«Md bj 9d- ITOlkm 
J*nIiD« ID the itnad VfthiBP oJ EatomolDcf i^ >h« Ntdonlkt'a Uknty. 9n~ 

Tlie Atic<]aiit of Ri; in tb« ' BiocnpLit I oinncDc/* b ife &«8j poiito oflffanL 
It if the joioc prodaolkAs of Ih* 1m« 31. da Pellt Tlioiun ud of Biroa Cvner. The 
BoUiii««| p«ft, wlikb u Uu ttOR Mmdcnbki by trt« foruf r ; tlio ZoOkOfk*!, Ikn 
wUcli oDtUof flu bv more i*>l *Dd ftiroiuftbb (d R*f*» ucnU in ki« ■mB^oKDl of 
tlie Aobnol Kinidom. U bj Cnvi«r. 

Tbe bllo«tnf irr Pu P«1it Tboiun' moAik* uu Rtj't Hitlor? of PUau, " 51^ 
daa« Je pwmfcr hrre dt ton Hiitoirc do PUDUa, loiu cr ilmplt turv : £)t PimtU im 
^t^trt, R»]r ■ CO krvc Ulml do J» luKttbter fn uti ccrpad'aavn^e: ki«« tnFOVfiit 
lu prindpdfs dAcpuTcric* mr U naCnrB df« pUntMt ftiln pv Ct^ipM, C«lo«M( 
Oreir, Malpif 1ij» rt JunftuH. ■uirjutdl'* i\ x jiiint Icatirann pmpm; «p«ortl qi^lliBa 
oompo*^ le Tr*Ll^ U plijn o>fn|t]r1 qn'on «it cncorr fur rmtei&blc de k i^^lkn, 11 
bat nater <jac. L|uoiqiu cc trmTail n*aii p*i Hi •ommt d(^, c'cM ptx Ini qiw In doc- 
Kriutw d< Mf ootwi le tovt r^paaduei, h aoat dereauei, fiour *ia<i dirv, popaUn* 
dab* k Mkno* ^ aiwti noiu crvyotm i]aa k pkt btm moniuiAt qv'on puuiiMl fknr 
k k (Toirr iln Rnj, wnut d'iKoIrr ce Uirc oi k r^tmprinuttl k pan." 

Ca«itf up. " Lci ouTTigciqu'i ■ oompwi ompiiblU> >ar k Zookgif. 9Dt M cn- 
cortplut iDi|iortuii« «i bca»ap pl« hconoi ; cur ik coaicrTval ooe otiUtl pliu 
onilKv. <Ja pe«i Jirr i|a*il» WQt k (bnduMQl Oo toatc >■ 2iwkfk nuiiiiir i v( 11 
••t k cluqu* inaUnt D-^prsHir* uni K*tiir*ti><«a da l«v «oHv1ir« poiu ^«]ak*tr W difi- 
calUi qae Ton rencoQir« d^n* ccoi dc tjiiat^ c< d« hi <^i*tf«-" 

A ctrrurailanlul NftmCiTV, JioirflirtTi vucb u *I)«IL coann^t tbe Life of lUj vllb >ll 
tfat ImfroTciacbtft vbirb b« brought to Palatal UW017, I* abU vutinf . The npcrt- 
uor of bkUboattoaiitfiDlr W Ctftltoabed by feCtrrtaf i« ibt fbCc of tdoDCii M lb« 
dnifl h* IjVed, and uiaDtel; compavint U vitb tb# wfirli li« proJimd. lUf , ttoil^ 
is b« did oo profeimd a knowlcdfv or IkUDj ud Zookey, vu ■aqocotkB^lr A* 


_^ aEiL. 


t DfttianlUt o# KU tine, «nd, rxo doubl. Uie frcnlMl ihal bu «T«r •pjKtorod in 

llw Ret' 3JkhteL T]r*oa» vHiin^ from bta fDnonagc of LuubDurDc b Emm I9 
Cole, 1W Nov, 1779, iJiy», " I lUn vtjy (bd to find tliitt mjr IjflUr affordud jou aoj 
unasnocul. One pfttt uf mj Rimblif t bad nut room to mDOtlun : ■ Vlolt to tli« luE 
iPtf^Bt of (|ui piau plkilaiDptior Mr. Raj, at Dlatk N'ottffjr^ Con vnon 1 mado a 
4nvlo£ of th? Charch and hli mnuaiDvat io the Churcbyard* The p«rith c|j>rk Itad 
nch rcfQConWincc of hiia, from odifm, that hi; ftidd> He br|it iu hU £loue« amall 
ndEQalJ, DO hrfvr 1ht& Itrai, whk'li Ukd loon oflpr him. ai no one knew how lo TmiI 
thfw< Hievc vera Iiuefta jirFparotury (o IjIa History of Uiotn AulmaU, vblcb be 
nn^r bv^l to jvvinjilMit. Tb^ d*rk |Kithlfi1 mil In m^ tlir Fnori Ifonfc vtudi vaa 
dare bla Dw<Jliii|t. I Ibere uw Ljb ILbmrr, r. f, thr Room wluoh od^c <:aatam«d bb 
Boaka, and bit <>ard«a befort ll, about an Acre or frounil. H<<re llir Parlii^r or Knj- 
Itfh Nitonlim ttred empbfnd and happT-'' 

A fr* day* tofbtv Uia dc4Ui. Ray gcju whauta he poaJcvicd of NBtaral Oittotj to 
u nfu^hhoiir niid Trifnd Mr, Half ft( llninrrtM*, wh^i flfli^ntArilH prfrv^F**!! Ehi'i* Cul- 

rieciion» vlth certiln iddilLoid of bli oup to the Rd^oJ Soolciy, To titc uentjon of 
f'thit, Sir Jiunn Edfr. Sinilb adds* ** Nothin|[ 'n laid nf bi* Libmryi vbLoh ntia probftblj 
' tftconadderablfu'* Hr did ii<»t know tbat Kay'» Dbnuy* coniMtkAg of About nfUm 

biudrcd tolVDiea, wu aotd by aui:tJi>n Lii i;08. A coyy i>f tlic Calalognc may be 

[fbnnd lo Ibe Libnr5 of the GntitU Mukt^um. " Biblittik^ca Havana, or a dUibguc nf 

b« libnrr <ff Mr. John fUy, FcUovc of the Royal Sot^ii^ty, — sold by Auction at the 

Bbek-Boy (^U« IaUu) Cofr«-houH,aaThQr»dDy II Man^h 1707^ (and mcccrding 
FBirfiiliifa),by TbomaH Ralkrd," Vto. 

On Ibo tfOlh Not. I«V3, the NnluraZuti of Kn^lmid cricbrntoti lb< scwnd ctutcutrj 

of BAy'e biith. Ray. ba«TTpr, is brlioTvil Id bnti^ bticn born at Itail oi «ar1y u July 

thai jtae, bU ba|itiain heiti^ vMU:n-d la lh« Rffpatpr ttf Btnok Nntlry in tbnL lat^ntlr 
Iby't LftCcn bere Uld bdore ibe Utadrr. Bfcall lo Dr, altt^nrird* Mr Ham Sloanci 

m4 irbtv mtlfdy lu Natural llbrtory. On thli aFconol tbey haie been krpt mgtlhcr, 

■■d Utat nalinaity of data ^ipda Intoirvplpd. wLioh It hu b»n tho Bdiior*! «ada*'Or 

ii ftr « powibk to prtacrrc throucb ib* pmeiit Volume, 


I was moch trcjubtcd when I wan advUed !)y Dr, KobJnaon that 
my Letter in answer to yours of Aug, 3^ cAtno nut to your hand!), 
llie atuhjcct whereof was to give you thmika for your intended 
TJsit, and to tell you hon- ^kd 1 nliould be to see you (when your 
occasions should dr^w you thi« w&y) at my poor habitation at 
Blijck Notky, and be made partaker of some of your diacovciic* 
and obscrvntionst ; to inconrage you m your de»gn of publishing 
tlie fruits of your IravcU in the New World ; to offer you any 



MMUnce that I could atford ; and fin^Qf (whicli sboold htrebeea 
firvt ncntkirieclj to cofigrattuUte your safe tttxnu into Engiand. I 
WW in long hope and expectation of acring too hecr, and voo- 
flered tltal you came not, nor sent any wOTd of tlbe aiteralion i 
jour purpoM, and the reason of it, I also (vhich I had for^) 
in the tame Letter returned you many Uiankfl for the present of 
■ocdi you d«a]giied nie. The dayesare now so short, and Uievays 
and wMtJicr »o ufiBt for travell, t}iat I liare little hopes of EeeLng 
ytAi liecr thiti winter^ unle«»c your occasions should engage you to 
take a journey to New Hall (which is not above eight miles from 
ua)^ai]d tlirii I ciitreut youu-ouldmakeafurtlierstep hither, where 
jroa aball be most welcome to, 

Sir, your very liumble sen'ant, 
RliLvk Notteyr John Rat. 

Oclob. 21, — Hi'. 

For D' Hans Sloano, at 
Mr. Wtlkinaon'M, a Bookiteller, at the Black 
Buy, over against S. Dunstuu^« Church in 
Vha Street, 



Mr, iittff /o /Jr. Siotine ; asking /or Setds which the Vvcior had 
broHghtfi^m tkt tf^st IndUi, 

[HS, SloMt Urtt. Mu. 40Ae, fol. IS9. 0^,] 

Not long n'uwc Olio Mr, Prntt, a gnnlencr, a person (as Mmself 
told mv) wvU known to you, wbo now li^-cs with Sir Thomas AVil- 
liiKhby, Mon nitd licir of my worthy friend and benefzurtor Francis 
WilUi^bljy t^Mjuire, bcin^ lieer vritli tnct aiid hearing that you 
wero rolurnod frvin Jatnayca, and had brvu^ht over with you. 


AiDOng other naturcJ} rarities^ diverse Btedt, not common, by 
jourscif dtt^coveml in tlint and the ncigbbuuring ialands, cuj^uged 
IDC to vmtc to you, to cntrcnt you, if you hnrc not already dis- 
poned of thcm^ to coracQ\inicfttG some p«rt to 8^ Thomu, who I 
know will be very tlifliikfuU to you for them. Mr. Pratt will t&kc 
' care of them* and i);irt of tlic product you may command. 

Bcang Acln^od by Dr. Robinnon that my tirnt Letter in answer 
to youra nuactirrlcd, I wrote a second, which I hope came to your 
]iAnd>. ! should be gUd to hear what progreaac you Imvc made in 
«nIcT to the publishing your cunotu Obacrrationn and Discove- 
ries, whereby you will much oblige the learned Nnturalista of this 
A^f and erect al&iiting monument to your own memory, 1 om^ 

Sir} your very humble scrvant| 
Black Notley, John Rat. 

Jam 8, — 89. 

For Dr liana Slouie, 
to be left at Mr. WilkinnonN, at 
the Black Boy over against St. Dunataii^a Churchr 
in Fleet Street, 


Mr. ftiy to Dr, Sioane. Dunn's to hanten the pfihfiration of Dr, 
Shanes ftucd^eri^t in tht history of Nature. Speaks of hU own 
Di^cour$fis on the H'isthm ^f Goii, thf primititw ChoM, ^c^ 

[Ibid. fvl. 13G. Or^O 


Monday laat 1 rec^vod your kbid Letter, attended with a rich 

Present of Sugar to my wife. They ircrc both very gmtcfulland 

acee|)table; oncly th« latter was too ^^f^tnt ^nd inadequnte to any 

merit of mine to be received without sume shame ; an wcl) the quo- 



iity a« qujjntity concurring to render it valuftble. You liatft «o 
highly pleu^«(l and obliged my niie, llial ftii^ itt nn«ch in eommrn- 
dation of your generosity^ and rchjrn* you her humble service and 
hearty thanks ; winliing that you were beer to pitrtnke of some nf 
the effects of your kindnesj^c, 

I hnvo been importunate tritb you to batten the publication of 
your Discoveries in tlie History of Nature, as well for the ndvftnco- 
ment of reall Icuowlcdge and grntificiitioiT of the loarned and inqui- 
fiitive, fls for yoiiT ovm deserved honour; that some other man 
Dkight not prevent you, and by some means ot other intercept 
what is yours, X am glad )"ou m:ike fiuch protjresse, and oannot but 
approve your deliberadon and oiroumiipeotion : and agree with yoil 
that the clearing up of difficulties and reconciling of Author*, mid 
reducing and actthng tlie aevemll histories and relationn of species, 
vilL be a thing of etninent uiia, and of tm much advantage to tJie 
Reader as pains to the Author. 

Tlie httlc plant you sont formeriy you now conclude to be the 
Cfilhtrjche Plinti of Co]umna^ and so it mfty be, I having neter 
seen that ; I find it overseen and omitted by mc in my History ; I 
suj>pose because, being eeminiferousr I deferred it when 1 entr«d 
the Lentieulfl^; thinking to put it in in another place^ and after- 
wnrds forgate it 

Those inatarices you would have added to my Discourse con- 
cerning Ihe Wisdome of God, I know are so considerable, that 1 
lun sorry my Book ^'aiits them, which might have recommended 
it to the Reader. If 1 had thought you would have been wilting 
to spare time to peruse it, you should have had a tight of the Copy 
before it had hocn committed to the Pre»se, 

I am this morning sending away my Diseoiirses coixeerning the 
Primitive Chaos and Creation of the World ; the Gcnernl Deluge, 
and future Condagration, with Additione, for a second Edition. If 
you please to revise and correct it before it be printed, 1 will order 
Mr. Smith to deliver the Copy to you for that pur|H>«e. 



Mr, Beaumont is n penon th^t Imtli been very dtli^nt in wsidi- 
inp out and collecting, & curious in observing of petrified SheLbi 
and other bodies, and I suppose well qualified to write concerning 
' tticm. 1 lieard tliat lie once threatened to write somctliing iii ccn- 
^tr&diction to Mr. Burnetts Theory of ttie Earth; which piece I 
Dold wish to see. 
I am now upon a methodical Synopsis of all British AtiimaU 
excepting Insect*, and it will be a general Synops, of Quadrupeds. 
It will tsJcc me up more time to finish then I thought when I tinit 
r aet upon it : indeed ao much as, if I had foremen, I should hardly 
'have been induced to undertake it But now 1 must ^c on. 
The Reroainder i», great tlianks for your extraordinary kind- 
iic«»c, atLented by reall etVects; and professicin of rendineaae to 
abew my self giatcfull if any occasioji of serving you otfers to, 

Black Xotlcyt Your affectionate frieTid 

May 25, — 02. and servant. 

For ly llaiks 81oane, at John Hay. 

the Dutehe»«e of AlbemnrleR 
in Clerkcnwcll, 



Mr, Bajf io Dr, Sioane, Ou the appropriation qfctrtmn Birtlt to 
tkeir proper CiojiMCi in Oruitholoff}/* 


CllliiL fuU Hfl. Oriff.J 

I received yours of the 1 7tb and am very j-lad dint the Box with 
the Papers is ooiac safe to your hondji, though I did not much fear 
the losife of it You need not be solickous about the charge^ for 



there wjw nothing cxtraorcliiiikryk and yet if there had, I ought in all 
reason to have bom it. 

Two things there are I cannot yet fully ajfrcc witli you in. 

L The referring of the Old-men, or K^n-fovls, to the Cuckow, 
For the Cuckow is so strange, anomalous, and !»in]crul^ & Bird^ and 
80 remarkable, and taken notice of even by the vulgar, for hii voice, 
manner of breeding, antl abscondinir all vintcr, that I think no 
Bird that agrccth not with him in tliese particulars ought to be 
joyned ^ith him. Neidier h the leii^h of the tail a sufficient 
Jirgiiment; for the Yunx, n genuine Woodpecker, hatii a tail lu 
long in proportion to his body, and marked with croxsc-bara too. 

3, In referrinji: the Savanna-bird to the Lark<kind. For that 
i^stinction of Small Birds into slender and thick-bill'd, or as our 
Fowlers phrase it, into soft and hard-beak't, dividing the nume- 
rous genera of them almost equally, is of such eminent use for tlie 
clear uuderstJLn<ling and ranking of them, that I Uiink it ought by 
no means to be rejected^ or the Birds of those kiiids confounded^ 
though the places they frequent and their shape and itmimcr of 
living Diay agree; and that characterisUck nat« of the Lark kind may 
be common to some of them, I mean having a very long back- 
claw or spurre. I have tjikcn notice of some that agree with 
Larks in these particulars, as the Bunting and a sort of Moonlain 
Finch» Yet I believe that there is a difference in the diet of tliose 
Birds, For the slendcpbiird, though they feed upon the pulp 
and grains of fruits^ yet tliey seldomc meddle with dry seeds unlesse 
driven by hunger. But the hard-biU'd toucli not pulpy fruiLs, bat 
feed upon dry seeds, as all sDrti of grain and thistles, &c. To feed 
upon Insectais common to tliembotb. 

Your opinion or conjecture upon the Kabihorcado's bemg a land 
of fork-t^lM Larus or Sea-ssvuUovr, I very much approve, and 
agree witli you in, I fancied tint tliey were no pidmiped Bird, 
because those that write of tticm wonder tliat tliey should be 
found so far out at Sea. Which is no wonder in a Larus. 



My Wife »]uu<3 yuu wUh Uic tender of ber very humble service. 
The ulccru cpou my Icic* wlilcU I tliouf^hi Ii4id bcon |*vff(-i-lly 
' bcttlcd &nd dne<l up, continuing well »U Winter^ arc Uns 8g>niig 
broken out again nnd become Tcry troublcAoiiie mid iminfuU. Thoj 
possle ray PhiloKiphyr *tid 1 am at some Io«iic bjw tu order tlicni. 
I un. 

Toot v«ry ftflbcdonati) friend 
B. N. April 2^, — &4, and huiubto aervontf 

JoiiN Rav. 


Mr, Half to Dr. SkttHe, Th^ dijficnUif which a Jiotanht hOM to 
entotmttr vho has noi jcch iht PtanU ht hai to dacriiej gnmhig 
in th^ir natural places. 


[Ibid, kh lu. OHf-i 

I rcc*iv<^d your v*ry kind letter of June C, and not long after 
the acceptAblc |>r«tt«ntof your Book; for wliicb I return you mnny 
tbanka. I cannot but admire your uidvttry and patience in retd- 
ing and romparing lucb a multitude of Relatiotu and Accounts of 
|Toy«g««r And r«f<-TTing to its proper ptao« what you found tberdii 
pMating to your subject, and tbat witb so mnch rircunispectioti 
and judgement. Vou have done BulanUts f|[reat seriic« in distri- 
buting suid rcdudng the confuacd heap of namor ^^d eoDtraeting 
the nund>er of Specries. But who ii able to doo the like } No man 
bat who is aHkc <|aali£ed^ and hath seen tlie thinip growing tn 
' oatunl pUc«a. For toy own part 1 doe freely a^knou-|(?4g« 
' ^tngctlwr tnsvficsent for sucb a task, having not mvth ihm 
ata themsdves, nor of many of tliem so mudi aa dried S|>ees- 
, wkd oC the reat having bad but a tranMeat view. I ■liall 
poi down wb«t 1 tad in IsU wfittrvs, rix. nakei>ct% 


LBTTfiltfl Ol 


Phjrtogn^pliyf the rrmnimng nix ralumi's of Hortae MalnlMri- 
eaa} Fntlier Pluiuler; SclioLa Uotamca; FaradiBi Bftbivlpfodroin j 
Flora BfttAVic Florexi Tourtiefort'a Ele(». Botnn.; Breynitu his 
two Prodromi ; and, above nil, yourCauJogtic nnd History of the 
Plnntit of JnmrucA and tlo re)j;4Lbour lalands^whicli you ar« ploftMd 
so frnnkly to olTcr mc tht n&c of, without intoiposuig tny awn 
judgment, Did I live about London, And hotd 1 opportunity 
frcqucnllT to visit the Pliyeick Gordons tliercalK>ut», & to obacn^c 
nnd describe the ticw npcci^if, I might make it better Supplement 
to my History tjian now I shnll doo, my clrcmustanof^ not ad- 
mitting %o Inng an absence frout tlii>i plucc. f have hccn Intcly 
Tcrv ill und indisposHMl with u hcjnrscnossc and violent cou^b^ 
fitUrndod witlj a fevcriab heat, of wbieb I om not yet fully rcco*- 
Tertd. 1 hope you arc well, antl pray for your Health. My wife 
Aendn her very humhle service. I munt ownc in^r&elf to be wudi 
obliged to you, and am, 

BUlcU Notl«y, 
June fi3, — 1>6. 

Your YCTy bfTcctionfttc friond ind bumble 

John IIav. 

Mr, Pay to Dr. ^toortt. On riratrin^ totrard /A* tompittitm ^ 
hU SuypItwmJ to fkt ** IlitUria Pi^niammJ' Hi* r^markt on 

ClbU. fbL IST. OH;-] 

Sir, Dliiik Notley, July i;, — *JG. 

Sinee my lost to you^ connidonng uiy inluinttit-B, mid imotin^aac 
admoiuabing mc of the near apjironch of Deatk> I think U best to 
pjwc<! ibe fini*hini^ and fiuins; n*y Supplement for the Pretec, and 
to ik'bircr it up into ihe Bnok^ellcr'* b»nd who pul i»c upon it, lo 
bo publiUied or suppressed, &» He thull find it moM for bia own 
uitcrest* I am sensible that it muat iiecdA l>c a very weak nnd 
imperfect thin^. I wonting thou; belpn wbicb thoJic that bare tra- 
velled into the Indies imd Uvc about London Imvc. But yet aono 



tBo fit to TCtaUe St 8uppIeQ>eiiC to ray owii History aa mr self; and 

^tbere be tnaiijr fuulU I um adi'Ued uf, wliich I wouJd witlmglj: cor- 

rerL But I vould fftiu dispsirch it nud nd my banda of it, that ao 

it may be no dinturbuncv to my t1>ot^bta. Your Hiatory, were it 

. reaaocuO>l4^ for tt\i? to beg the cJcfloration of it, would afford th^ 

I grvat^st om&naenta to it. But I &to ulmoxt come tu a nnoIuUou 

oot Co desire aof vucb tlung of yott, but content my aclf with tbo 

namca I ^'-d m your Catnloguc of nuch as arc non-dcscripta ; and 

viUi your Synonymn for tbo reducing of aueb ah are ropoiited, 

I )ia\'« ^tten a ftif bt of Dr. Plukonet'f! Almngcstum Bot. tboui^ 

. ft« yet be bikth not prcj^cntcd mc witb a copy of it. I find it tn 

.many nuataket in tbe langusigo, and in the composition of Greek 

namea ; and 1 doubt not but there are many in tbe matter. It i? 

tEDpomible but thott n man who rclien wholly upon dried npccimcns 

of Planta (be he never ao cunning) should uften miHtake and mul* 

tiply. He bath abundance cjf Jamaica planto, which if in your 

Catalogue it is very difficult to reduce tliem, especially Ids Felices. 

lAi for u 1 am able to juilge, ho is often out in his conjectural 

fSjnonymea ; in one or two he ia reprehended by MonA*" Tournc- 

fort; and b of bimactf apt enough to multiply specie^. But no 

more of him - 

I am not yet quite rid of my distemper ; I liope it will ufT by 
de^reea ; beer hath been a rcry unAcuionable Summ^ for tbo 
most part Tcrycold and wet; tmd 1 live in a sharp Air, my houao 
atanding oti a bill exposed to tlic North and North-Kiut winds, 
which ia inconvenient for one vrho is subject to colds, and whose 
luti^A are apt to be affected. Excuse this wtpmurifKrfia, and take 

Qir to l>e, fts really I am. 

Your much obliged friend and humble 
I muftt not forget my Wives aen-ioe, John Rav, 

wlui ia very much youra. 
For D' lliuisSloanc, at 
\m House at tbe oonier of 
uiitlioinpton Street next Btoomsbury B^juaTe, London* 




3fr, Ra^ tQ Dr, Shane, on the rnj^netg of Tourne/^n'i tcwartt kirn 
in his" Bitmcn^ de Botamquc-^* 


[tbUl. fol. 310. Ofiff,} 

I have been so interrupted and disturbed lately that I bare not 
been able to finUb the two TribeH you last sent me. I presume 
Mon?»' Gundelcschmir since bii return to London liatb «c(iuaiDt«d 
you that be hatb been with me. He endeavoured to excuse Mons* 
Toumcf6rl» and to vindichtc him from the imputation ot mdenesse 
and incivility in his treating of me in bis Klenu Botantq. wherewith 
he hath been char^. I can casUy passe it by, because he h«th 
treat*^d mc no warse than 1 deiierve. But truly Us Method, con- 
sidering it with oil the irdtfTerence I cait, seemi to me fauhy and 
liablt to nmny exceptions; and osforwhathe hutb vrritten aguinst 
my UisGcrtatifjin it admits in most particulars of an easy answer, as 
I may afterward sh«w, 1 own him to be a skilfull Ilcrbimst, and 
had he let mc alono^ I should not have opposed his mctliod, but 
pemaitted every one hia freedotne to embrace and follow what 
seemed best to him; only I might have corrected tlic errours of 
mine own, a? maiiy as I know of, and set it in as good a %ht as I 
could. I hope you will, 1 doe not sav take the liberty, but doc me 
X}\& fftvour to correct whatever you find amissc ir my Supplement 
aiKllonddc, cut off,and alter whatever you observe to be deficient* 
redundant, and incongruous or erroneous. 1 rememlwr 1 was in 
some places doubtful about your meaning, and tliciefore probably 
might mistake it. 

My Wife present* her humble service to you, and we both mnny 
thanks for your intended Present of Sugar, which we can bardli 
without violadon of modcHty receive at your bands* Voa dc 



dm^Jkio hnejicih camulare^ ami even luail u» with ywur kiiiiln«s»e, 
I ceii9C to gJTc TDU furtlicr troubk-, ond rcit. 

Black NotJeyj Tuur ^^rj* iiiT(fciionutc frii'iid and 

Aprill 2;, — 98, humble scmuit. 

For his honoured friend John Hat. 

I> Ham Sloane^at his House 
at the oomer of Southampton Street, 
towards Bloomsbury Square, 



Mr. Raff to Dr. Sloanc. Mijieettaneota. 

[Ibid. fbl. 2?."!, Grip.] 

Sir, Black NoUey, April 13, 1700. 

Upon reading your Letter of the 6th instant I could not but be 
morcd with indigttattun affftinst those vile Roguei who, when they 
failed in their atteiDpt of breaking open your House, were so m&li- 
cious as to set it on fire, I congratulate with you your deliver- 
aiice from 10 great n danger, and humbly tlituik God in your 

The scurrilous Pamphlet entitled tlic Trunsactioneer" I did 
ftliTAys bel)e\'e to be no better than you represent it. 

And for Dr. Plukenet, I look upon him as an ill-nature<l man, 
and liable to mistjikes^ how ever confident und scLf-cunccitcd he 
- may be, that I Hay nothing of hiaunakilfuliies^e and want of exac^ 
ncftsein tbe Latine and Greek toni^es* His arrogance and over- 
weening opinion of IiimscU and his performances appears by thai 
bemtstidiiuni pre6xt to his Pliytography, NU nisi jn'irmia dtrsunL 

I doc not urge tlie sending mc your Ma;^*llane-itrait» Plants 1 
tm in no hast for thorn, but can welt wait your leisure. 

•t*. Load. 170U. 


I did not expect so ^eat and rich an addition to my Supplement 
of History as you teU me D^ Sherard intend^ generously to con- 
tribute : in which respect it is well my Undertakers were so dila- 
tory in beginning upon it- It will be greatly for the advantage of 
the Work if ever it come to be published." I should be very glad 
to see P^- Sherard, and to have some conference with him, though 
loath I am he should put himself to the trouble and expence of 
such a journey for my sake. Please to give my service to him, 

and tell him so much. 

« * * « * 

Dr, Tonmefort^B Institutions may be of use to me as to the 
Methodus Flantanim emendata, which I have ready for the Presse, 
both for the correcting of some mistakes which possibly I may 
have committed^ and the enlarging of it by new Observations. 
I have done when I have told you that I am, 

Your very much obliged friend and 
To his honoured friend, humble servant, 

D^ Hans Sloane, &c. John Ray. 


Mr, Ray to Dr, Shane. His farewell b^ore Aw death, 
[ibid. fol.S84. Oriy.] 
Dear Sir, 
The best of friends, these are to take a final leave of you as to 
this world. I look upon my self as a dying man, God requite 
your kindnesse expressed any ways towards me an hundred fold, 
blesse you with a confluence of all good things in this world, and 
etemall life and hapinesse here after. Grant ua an happy meet- 
ing in heaven. 

B- Not. eternally yoursj 

Jan. 7, ITO^^ John Ray, 

■ The third Volume, or " Sujipleoieni of ihc UiitorU ' PlanUrum/' was |iubtiBheJ 
BhortlT ^fon lUj't death, fol. Loud. 1704. 



When you happen to vrrite to my singular ffrend D^. Hotton* I 
pray tell him I received his most obliging and affectionate Letter, 
for which I retoum thanks, and acquaint that I was not able to 

answer it 

For Dr. Hans Sloane, 
at his House in Southampton Square^ 


Tba following Lctten of Mn, EUj to Sir Haaa Sloaoe are preterred In the same 
Volmaewith BAfthetien. 

Sir, 1, 

My deu- deceoHd hnibuid aliniya uteemed yoq one of hu bcAt and trueat frieadai 
■nd thii joD iDUiireet to me bu moumfuU Widdov m your kind Letter, for which I 
return my most humble and bearly thaaki, and do inCreat tbe favour of yon to ub6 
your mCcreBtwitb S'Thomaa Willougbby to allow me thiahairyearB Salary tonarda the 
chargea of my buibands sicktieai and funeral. Its true 1 cannot demand it: and ha 
bath always been kind Co Mr. Ray, which 1 grateruUy aclinawledge hatb been tbe support 
of the Family i hot being lelt with three daaghtere, of which the eldeat is about twenty 
yeari of age, and the youui^eat Bixtcen, and nothing near bo much left to maintain 
myaelf and them with u that Legacy waa, my circumstancea mnat be but alraigbL I 
do intend to dispose of Mr. Raya books, and will get Mr^ Dale to make a Catalogue of 
them, which shall be sent to yoU| aa likewise an account of what Papera Mr. Ray left, 
and donbt not your aaiiatance therein. The Fapen about Insects are delivered to Mr. 
Dale to iaspecti and give yon an account of; as Ukewlae tbe Inaectitomake a draught 
of them to present you with accordiug to Mr. Ray's order, 1 iatcud shortly to write 
to S'Tha WiUoQghby, and acquaint him that bla Papera ai-e safe, and shall be delivered 
according to hia Order, but desire your Advice whether I shall request the hair years 
•alary of him, or leave my friends to interceed for me. 1 can add no more, but that 
1 am. Sir, 

Black Notley, Your most humble but sorrowful 

9t 1704. SerS 

For D'Hans Sloane, Maaqarrt RaV. 

at hts House in Southampton Sqnare, 
Bloomsbury, LoDdon- 

' Dr. peter lloCtoUf professor of Botany at Leydeo. Ray tbas meutiouB him in the 
Preface to hia Supplemeot to the HistorU Plautamm : 

" Nee tamen in Stirpibus indagaudis et cotligendis CDoquievit aostrorum hominnm 
industria ; sed in eisdcm coEendis, ordinaodls, et diasecandis prii!ci|iae emiruit. Tria 
sunt (inquitTir long^ celeberrimus D- Fetrns Hottoa Medicine et Uotanices Professor 
in Academic LugdoDO-BotaTt, non Rei tinthm UerbadsB reliquR^ne Htitoriie Nttu- 




Youn ofUi« 9'^wu vtry »c««p(«bln tn mo, nor cftti t ffooogh acknowledge Uie 1 
DOM jou lun tticrpio ibirrcil to Ibo poor (Amfly of jouf dec*«ftil friend ; vhtcb 
boffi doDtt »oofter, bui th«1 joun mna aot (o bAOd uotUI [b« 13** tc laf^bt, 1 niut 

Coofflu, Sir, tb*l >itbou£h mQtxcj ii the ntOal acodfuU, oOB«UUrin( *^ iO«Oti*CMof 
thu injtmiHiiHnf* Irfl lif Mr. lUjr, uiil ihn e^Ml tliU7« oecirfOMd tiy tdl kaf licktteM, 
yvt it Uaol forme IoiUcttt[< t^SirThamAi WLllcuglibf'i gcnerodty i but l«T«iE to bU 
plouuiTi enCnvlin^ ycu to tron] in itiat affui for nm ita fou kIiiII t^ink l^tt : rrv^upat- 
lofffuutikcwlpr to prrvcni m; mwt humble ■Drriee to £>' Tbamu, wad to u>t|iujnt bEm 
tbai alt bu pipert 4rt vfe^ uid rcadj to bo dcliirer«d to hit Or<lcr i sod thcRibj fO« 
ttiU add to the mviy oblifiboDi of« 

Mj dAogbton jireie&t tJifilr moit bumble bumble 8cf*, 

Mrrioe lo jtm. MAm«ABKT Rat. 

abkcb NoUflf. Fob.cbo n'% i;o&-^. 

sir. Black Notlcf, Not. tbc lO". 1706. 

Toar very kind tietlcrl rMdTvdkiCfr«k, for nbLch (tod »Ilotbcr of yoor ftiournnJ 
kindncH I hfirrbr rrtum yoa mj movi heutj lbiuiki»and etpoaJkllf for ibe (TtbI paktis 
«iid curr jnu liAve tak^ij npun th« aeiriftiUDt of mjr Jr«r Hiubuifl «Dd teir 1 vriUu jott 
deabr TTtiun Sir Thomu WillciUEbbT thank* for bU kl&(lDC««, tiul bj tlLC One o|)por- ' 
tuaLlj^ <irilvF «k«Pt du tnoiiBj be »b( mo »biJl bf ]>aid, uul u to bit Book MmAp^pon 
febont IdMcts thejr aro bcrrvith M^at io you. mdhope thcT ^U eomv ttfv, 

A> to ilif Moftura^at for mf Elaibuid I tnnit Icav^e wholly to tb« difrctbni of mf 
friendly vbofto kindn^flt atiA CMtr In |irtvvrr« bJH Mcniury I piUcfuUy ftt^knoitWdff^ 1 
bttTlng ioimcrlj icqualnrcd j^^ ^l^ ^<^ clrciim*tADea of icj riinlly. nonl not rcpcsE 
It : ^Tilf l«t jou bikow Jt ovnikot buf be ktr&ight with ua wbni Mr. Kij did d«i Icttiv 
jC-IO a 3r»r nmung ui oil* out of ivhkb tajm. rcpmn. and ^tuit^rvot laakt ■ et*^ bol«i. 
A« lo my hmtb^nda iiaficn 1 bt*r put nil of t)ivm,oxa-pt lomc Wtl«n, into Mr, Dniv'ft 
liDudf , of whlct I prrsume lie Lilli gtvitn yiiu au m^MauU md <tUJ puhlitb what be 
fiodj fitt TliT lli^torf of luiccti jod Lnuv wu lofl uiiAalfbodt baJ UaC )oar dirvc- 

nlle totintqiie Medicine aejriicifl iutLjuciiB>iinuj», itd VI omsi titvrvtvrw, onni rirtn* 
tum Kmrrr riDuUmimua, Amicui notlcf ptuHmaiB bouoruiiliji) qoM Ktid aoatnc 
turn dcbcuiuA 

" L HoriATum iplcndoTem, «t ul hmc uqoB tHnjpOra Ifwi^Eatam Sdqilvm etttticm- 

" £L Plutuam wutonus, d«tect«mqiH pvtiua tecntuBnmm conlonn«tioaein 
et HI n». 

Ill* Coadaiwn iUaiB v( wri adt;! cvb«rcitlciii llcrbantm ditfofittionvik*'' 



Ikn 1 and u la my hotAi I iJl t4ii<l Itriim up n uon u wmtfifr will [wnnlt. vhicU J 
f«tr «lllno( beoow until Sutnmiri not doubUng In tlickul of yoorualxUnM m tbdr 
^ifpoittl. Sir. I liav« no inort to adJ but tlu npnting of ntj thMlii, %nd tht pmvne- 
lB(t&v NrrlcMofoijMlf uiddau(Uco«,VDl»cribc taytK^F, 

Yoor DMMl obli^eJ li viable 


I iTfliild HAl h«rc foa tfciik mo un^^BUhill in aot fthu-nlog 5011 tay mmt Ii^aKj 
thuUt rnrjrotfr Init kind LetlFT, db Il1l«v]b4} for llt« paiaiyuu barr Uken fi>r mit irith Sir 
Tbo: Willou^bbj, but e*pec&4llf for jfguf own vny VEud inUrnJcil culft Lhcnia mtu- 
ttOnA ma. Tho onlf bludnncc balli been becanBc 1 ccoUt not bippvit of tnj penoti 
in Abk pvta, wboM iiaj ia London voutd peiuiJi Itieai Co nait vpi>D joa. cDnvidenbg 
that four butinoaa nrf^aaiciin* jniir bring nfrrii BhiFhl Tmrn |^iir Hnunr. t tnlrcftt the 
U.fwr at JOQ <a IniTa tbr monfij at jf>ur own convcntcncc, wtth M' Sam^ Snjilb uid 
M'B«ni Wal/ofd, or c|tb« of (hem, U wlom I ha? jiTen adtio to rccciv* tbo moa«y 
, §m6 |1v« you ■ dijirbBrKi:^ A> (o m j Muslratiii'a L^rlicrg, I iotrrd vr^ thorlly EO tUTO 
tlb«a overlook* «ttd >ctid Uiom, t cnJinot cIdhc tbi* irifbDuC npealiug aif banbla 
I far all jouf lWtour4. and pnttflnling mj dmslittfri bumble aerrlcea* wbicb Ulte* 


BWk Nod»r» Tour mixt fibllsFd 

Dec. Utk, 1706. buoibb: Sfrvanr, 

MftBiiAiutT Uav. 



WWa fAur kind and obliging Lrtl^r ruvtf lo my btnd^ I vac iirL in hpd ofa ferar. 
wfcich 09Di)Tiued U|hOii in« for lOmit time i but beiag dov, Ihrougli Ibe bleaiing of God. 
pretty «dl rtcoiered, I vaa nat *]]lin|[ aiy lonuar 10 ofnUl retambg you inj nott 
bsablfl thanka for all Ihe kindneMU 1 have rv«ired ffDin jtva, and caprcinlly for the 
gnal »*|tcct j«u bB*« doh sbeiten (oibp Mriuory of mj d«iir Iluphand- jiiad 1 viouM 
willingty Untr donf the lainp to my Liidy Child and Madini«< HonrUhil, hut imt knoiV' 
bf «h«fe to dirMt la thrai, I ratrvat the bvour of you lo preacni my bumbln tbanlta, 
IS lLke«ii« 10 my Lord of Losdon and ibc reat of the Cantrlbulori, ibongh unkaown 
to no. 

At lo Ibc rcBMinifig money which jou mesDotii ir you pl«u« to pay U to tba rvt»- 
md Mr. WlOiam AtonMtrPct. it will comt Mf« to the buda of, 

Bladi N'olley, Vour moat obliged hnnihlc ierfanl. 

KoT- Ibc 96, lTi»!T. MAKilAatT R^T, 

CAHD. 80«. 2 C 



Mr. Samuel Dale to Dr. Sloans, annoujicing Mr. Ray's deaths 

%* Samae] Dale, the friend uxd neighbooT of Raj, ttu bam aboitt I65fl. He lint 
pnctiscd u an apothcdBrj at Bniatree ; but m 1730 became a licentiate of the College 
of PbyaicianB, and aettled at Bocking ; where be cotttinaed to rvude till the time of hit 
death ID 1739. 

la 1693 he publiahed " Pharmacologia, acQ Maaadnctio ad Materirm Medicun/' 
BTO.Lond, a third editioD of which be lived to publuh, grntlj enlarged, in 4to. 1737. 

lu 1730 be pqbliihed Sita« Taylor^s History of Harwich and Dovereourt, in 4to- 

Among Tarioua ComDianicatioDB to the Royal Societyr of which he wod a FeDoWj 
one woi an Account of the Monuacripta left by Mr. Ray. See the Philoiopbical Tram- 
actions, vol. kxt- p. 1309- 

Sr, Braintree, Jan. the 19*^, 1704- 

By last Sundays post Mr. Rays solemn farewell was sent you, 
since which, viz*, on Wednesday the 17th instant, about ten in 
the forenoon, Death cut the fatal thread of life, and deprived the 
Co nun on wealth of Learning of so valuable and learned a man; 
but our loss is without doubt his gain ; God grant we may meet 
him above^ where Death can no more separate ; which is the 
earnest prayer of* 

Your obliged humble SerS 
For Dr Hans Sloane, S. Dalb. 

at his house the corner of 
Southampton Square, 






ei PfrpifSt Km^^ to Dr. Arthur (Aartrtt^ conctrninff a Tor^uea 
and th^ Chmn ami Crucifix fouwi in K, Edward ihe Ctaiftasor'a 


%* Pcp;i «ecn3ii, from tbU Letter, n»l lo Imtc kncnni irbat a Torques mu, or ha 
voidJ aoil dtlirr htvd compftrrd Uor fcnfoundcd il «4tli the chain fouudin £dvftril the 
CoafoMor** tomb- 

Hrnrjr KM<|rt. unfiifit M ih« *' Monumenld WMtmenwtcfictniji/' Mvn. l^od 16flff, 
, Saji Oougli, alu wrotr, iintW h frȣiird nnirp. " A true and perfect NamCiv? of tba 
? uhI unexpected rinding the (Tin-^fii nnd i(oSd Clmin of that piou* Priacv St. 
\ llM Kin( «nd Con/Mtor, Ahi^h hu MudiI nricr h'i\.y jrvar* ]ni«rinrDt r oad pre- 
I ID ha Boat Horfld M4jt*tf Kin^ Juncia the Secant. Rjr OhAflea Tajrloiir, cent* 
onl. 1681/' -Uo. Rcpmtcd ac the cud of <'ThR AutJiiu^fjct of WvnliniiiKtrr Ahboy/' 
KtT^. f. Mt. B^^ord n>taIiDiiB a »«Dnd fart bj- G^tioo, 4to. H%%y Mf. Talman 
qoctfliMed the iTiiIh af Tajrloar*« divuotirry, bvcau«i? ^fh«n hr vkwrd \\\v Shrine and 
Coaa ITSSi ht fouDd no appeftraitof of th« larter'N harln; beta broke o|ira and iwv 
■■Mdr o Tsflour vAjt. Ba fur (?vuf!i, id bi^ SHtiib Tupo^npty* roJ. L p. 76S, 
l|iialnc. for Talinna't doubl, the Sorieiy of ADlii|iiarici' mlnulci, 

Wv bav«r at all ctvat*. V<^y%'^ tritlimiaT IbaE Uio Cmoiflx uul Cbala vcro ia t]j« 
^faraaloa aC KSnf Jtmn 1h« Sfcond. 

Sir, Oct, 21, 1693. 

You have noe lesse fturprU'd then o1>ligM mee> l>y yotir AcouTit 
of rtie T«r<itji« Hpoki'n of in your mn*t roiirtroci-H Irflt^r of yfsfiT- 
d»y. Itidcc'*! it !■ ft grcftt rarity; an<J gnpat pity it i», tlmt it parryn 
no« «tricter niark« of its age and originc. I \\\ve noo where mctt 
with any thing antique nf thv klnde, nor am on tho suddnine pre- 
pnrrH for initkping any warrantahlr gupHno f?oiiceminft it ; the 
moct uicient and moHt akin to it of «I) that I huvc %ttx\ being n 
chains of the «imH^ m^tall of nbout mx hundred yesre old, tnkcn 
out nf Kdwarrl the Confcwmrsi Moniimf^nt at WeHtminnl^r by ft 
m'orkcman, mt the clcan^eing il agnirist K- Janit^fi my unhappy 
maiftter'ft Corunalion, Who wm pleased to ah«w it inec nfter* 
wardtt with the veneration given to rrUque^j nnd n nrli<]i)c a\ noro* 
kind or other it csrry'd with it in ft snkall gold hoi in former of a 


crucifix pendulous to tt> VirgiPa words seem as apposite as had 
they been wrott on purpose; but balfe their number inscribed 
upon the thing it selfe, or even theyr initiall letters only, might 
have stood us in more stedd towards its true history, then as 
many more so taken upp. If your University bee not a customer 
for it (which 1 could heartily wish it were) wee shall probably 
heare of it at London^ where I will not be long without seeing it, 
and bewayle this double taxeing that won't lett mee doe more 
towards it. 

For God's sake foi^ive ray betraying myselfe beyond that 
degree of freedome with you as to pursue you in the matter of the 
Prints soe farr beyond wliat in good manners I ought or would 
have done, had 1 not thought they had beene entirely in your 
owne power. The beat amends T can offer you isj my thankes 
for those you have found for mee, and in particular for the two 
you now send me of Dundee and Mr. Wood* (both which I should 
otherwise, I doubt, have wanted), and your Quietas against any 
further claims from mee, aa hopeing (now you have given mee 
the scent,) to hunt out the rest myselfe, either with widdow Log- 
gan, or where else they may be lesse expected. 

Because 'tis possible (and that's all] that you may bee in earnest 
about my bookesj I shan^t contend but obey you soone in it; in 
hopes of haveing something (one of these days) that may better 
justify my offering to your Library without ask eing, then this with 
it. I am^ 

Honoured Sir^ 

Your ever most faythfuU 

& most obedient servant, 
S. Pbpys, 

* For Cbe print of John Vincoant Duiide«t tee Graogci'i Biogr. Miflt. it. $77- Hitt 
of Sir Wmiam Wood, Ibid. la^. Of the Uner Granger aayi, ■' 1 nerer imw thia Print 
but in Mr. Pepyt't C^tltclion." 



If till* TlArgninc Hoes not goe on with the tJnivrrsity, pray eire 
m€c your opinion of the value of it, and the lowest termcfl ymi 
mi^fat have had it nt; thin ngc heing not very pmliiique of ciis- 
tomen for 3(uch it commodity, not in England at least.' 

For t>i« Koverend I>octor Charlett» 
at Univcnity CoU«g«, Oxford. 


Matthew Prior to Afr> Secrefanj BMAwa^L 
CAddii. MS. Urii. Mm. 13,11^ On'?.] 

Uan^^ Sir, Hague, U Sep'' 94, 

Hcrfi is d hmous Pere tie rOmt<»ire, hia name VAScre, just 
OOmc JTom France, wli^th^r with a Design to chnitge his religicni 
ftB he preteiKi.% or he a 8py as somr imnginpj U yet mieertftin, 
He Is a Man iif learning, ha.t hiniMtflf written, and kiH'ps coinpaTiy 
with Uio Ministers and Rrfngies of Learning hert^ 1 have hud the 
rnrioMly ta talk with him ; he anvwers very frankly Ui auy ^iirx- 
tiona pntt to him in iU]tci>urst% talk* ver>" particidarly of the 
miseriea of Franee, Kays t}iat marc have died ivitliin tlie preeincta 
of Paris ihene n\x Inst Months thnn hnvo luiinlly (on a just eom- 
pntation^ in two Veari, that tlie people conipfain with very great 
boldnesa of the CaUmitres they suffer ; that the Nohlesn say, let 
the Peaee he nia<]e too morroWj they are already mined ; that the 
Premier Prenidrnt de Pariw say*d in hia hearing, Ih'iiutf itiut te 
liG^aume eit de^ienu nn grand HQ»pU ah and that Monsieur has 
been forced to hreak off his Tahle three tiine> tliiR year for wnnt 
of mony tn htiy prnviKioim ; that neither the Pauphin or Mons^^ 
Lmemberg are very well in Court, heing hoth in with a CAhal of 

* la snotacr Letter to Dr. ChuloU, iklcd Yorkc^BulldiajEi, Aug. 4. l6!Ht I'epTt 
■i}ii " AtDuuB \h< mmnj luorlilinUvu dcri^'tl un lucv fnxu luf siu <tt Jtoobttltmiir it 
li BOc l^tU one U> k^vo h«il Ihv lundliDC <4 hitc ^eat a cuTluity u your Tor<|alCi 
irilkottl cs|i«dlj or biddioB (u tine tu I JiDultj Iuit doDc) for llir iiroprictf of It." 



wAfn^n whom MacUm th Mnint^non h&tos; thAt their Grvtdj 
Motmrcti i» grown so gout;% pceviab, and supersfilious (thr 
ftdmimhie qualities) that nobody know<i whit hi do trith him; tlmtl 
the Pope lias £;tveii him one third of the rcrenuc of the whole 
Clergy this year for the War, of which that body growa very 
weary, as the rest of France is. 

I know not if any ttiinjc of this be worth infomung you, or if 
you would have tuc ask him any tiling whlcli may be judged for 
Win Majesty's acrrico: I shall (as it ia my duty) have an eye upon 
the mnn here; and as well in what re(i:ard5 the puhlick as in my 
private obligations to your self, endeavour to ujijirove my «elf. 
With great respect. 

Your most oh' 

ami most liuiuble Sen*, 

M. PntoR. 
I received Yesterday fiom England a box in which are Lord 
Lexington's Crcdcntijds to the Vizier^ which 1 shall forwaid to 
HiK Lordship as coon as I know how to do it safely. 
Mr. Secretary Blathn^ayt. 

,Wr., ^/ifntwd* Bhiop Gibson^ to Dr. Arihttr Charleil, t^f Umver- 
wVi/ Coffeffc^ OjforiL Preparing far a new £dUion qf Camdafg 
Britanttiu. Mat/t/ttJtrn Co(Uge Mamacript/tf ^. 

[n«ll»rd'« Lilian iu tha B'>dtfLBn Lthnrf, vol. r. p- f. OH^-] 

%* Tbc ilJffcml«i|iUiimorC«ind«n'S briUaniiedLipd b^ Buhop (ilNan banbwa 
■Irvi^T rniADVnECil. The j>r«*cnl Lcltcr. *o4 ■ fcv vbkli UH^w. diUll tlu piv^roa 
ik IIm pnpmtion or thd Uttttti IfiKii. 

Gih>oa*ftKrvAC cure nuC^hJirc u (»cC iRunlallon of CundcQ*« trit. flbaJd- 
lloiu lie pUctd tt lb* tod of vch Couiilf ; tml bu Pnrfxe to Ibc llcml^f ftctiwv- 
le4s" thj- pcnopjil ■wtiumot ba nvrmd. ind th* voanE* «benf« kai ntm iniar- 
nutii>n <rM ohuiD«4 \ th^Mng the hDmaa^ ^A hj Vtm bmI asuMnt inJiii^Mfia of 
th» d4y to Cuiitltn^ nfaioryi 

" - ^" 


" TW riithi rvwrviid f^tlivr ia <A<rd, Sir JouathuiTrilawTiy* I-ofvl 8^«lio<p of RitC«f. 
pracnr'4 ut hrxv noiicei" be uyi '* njno^rainjt Corn*all and Dcrtoulttrr, hi* own 
• dJBCiw- Mr- AnUionj Etrick RtBrn'd what ho ih«utbi mott fcmafk^ble 10 Dorwl- 
ftliireikB Ur. WoraUj, of Lincola'* Inn, icrtt ui loirrol thbgi rrlittnj; lo HsmpibLTc y 
Mr. B«vl5n. la Butnj ( and Mr. Ilsirit, to 8iiii*«i. Tb« iJI*i;oi<ri(4 in Willjbirf 
dipaod 0|ii>B the laihorky tif Mr. Tuinffr, vho but maif* i*oii4(l«>mh]t |imirr«u In Ihe 
AMiqtdtici ollhsl County. K&UTVffye( Kent ftnd Mid<IltAi-i vtai mido upon thU 
dOMibm fajr Dr. Plot. Tli? iccoont of tLo AntnAli Toi thf Roral Nm^t ^" Kml, wUh 
tbo ■ddtUOni to Forumouth and llarvr^uhi m Ur u thvj cvue<rii Ihc bu&invs* of lb« 
Nt^y* vere p>uun uriJL^alcil tr^ Mf. rf;|>7t. Out of Qluucat<r*liirv iiifvrmatiaiu vert 
cut m by Dr. Par*0Di. chaaecllor af iliAt eburrJi ; 4Tiit nut ui (.tif^r^thit* hj Mr. 
White Kmiicrt, wbo trill shortly pabllih th« AndquitlM of aomc pmt of that County* 
In MCLiint lh« old Sutian« in Httflt, wv wor« pkrlictiliirLj uvittrd bj Ihtr. ODtlejr.who 
UvnElng tboABEl^DllicaOif tlie wbdh^ County ; and in the iktcrLpttou otyortoik, bj 
> %umj at Ihfti Couaty &n ruatmicrlpfi whiten hy Sir Ucnfy Spfllnwn. an^ pnir La 
llw Bodlciaik Ubrtry. Mr. Thumu NeirihAiD. of Wanriek. acnl u« >«r«riil vi^ry nse- 
Ital putlinilim out of Waf«ii:khliErc : ntu\ an arc^umCfl aj;L!UUDt of tljc AntLqultica of 
WttcMterahlrv «*j commuakated by Dr. Wmiam Hopkint, probcndarr of the cfaorch 
Ol Worcnterk fiomv ObictrtUona npoa lh« Bdaboprtck of Durham wetv ritnclad for 
«i by Mr- Rudd» out of thv pnithttttovapvfanorMr. MiekUUm {m cunouf aat^nuT) 
•I the requMl of the mermd Mr, John Smith, a mrmbiT ftf Ibnt Church ; and nthcrt 
«tn •*■! ua by Dr- Kay, iif Nrv-i^nNEli:. Tli« Vr'rut-riitiiig of Vi>r1tfihkc l« Indebted to 
Ur. Ralph ThorahT of t.««dit, of «EioaD «blliti« aj^il enu^tncii tba lof^ CoUootlMk of 
GarkvllJc* he bM mtdo hlnuclf mattcT of. kaa iuOldcnt ar^unMat, ]q ibii Coit^lldliif 
Mr. J«bn BunkiatJof Uull.fOfiir&butod many llim^tvcry rFmark^bli? 1 and Dr. Johnaton 
(frota whom w* fxpfvl tbv Anti^uibci of Y^rlcibirrJ iNjmiiLunlutrd ncveral partiouUn 
over the vhole Cnuniy. WcilmorUnd li en^nicd to Mr.Thonia* Murhvl foriA oiuiy 
qaefal db:oTtrii*v i ai il'd nti^bbour CufuWrLiad 11 to Dr- Hu^h Todd, prebendary of 
the Church uf CorUalc : 4uU| Iwtly, Nurlhamlitrland lu Mt. ^'illiaiu Nivuhwo, ■ruh- 
d«««On elth* aane Church, AinlaebE far bin kaiiwl'd^o iu ibd Euigujif^ »d aBtl^initita 
df tbe Nottbprn Nilfona, The vme worthy (Ecaileoiaa waa plcu'it to tmprovo thU 
Tork by oberrrttionB throagho«t thu whoft PnnioM of York. th« AnCiquitiei whereof 
h« hai ready for the t^r«M. 

" Whcu I tell yvu, lliat tbc wbiflc huaineu uf Walu wm cutuiaJlUd to tbe cflxs uf 
Mr- Edwaril IJvbyd, kt^cp^r of the Mnieiim in Oiford. no one ought It dlipuu Ibn 
jttilnm and iccarvt^y of Iho ObtMntioiiB. 

" Nore*a thv adfiitiODol lUsriarka In Scotland be queuioned, ilanr lli«yar« tr«und«d 
iqioa the miUBority of sir Uobert Sibboldap who** Niturvl lliitory ftlre*dy |>uhlUhed, 

Oail eke OkoJel ]ia bu ftlif n ub of bis inlcndcd AAEbfOitJa*, ar« « BuMi^icut rvidcUW 

ham such he U Ajutr r of liif* alThiri (if thiiT kintcdoin, Thff. Rfm^rlt upon Irrhnd ircre 

■ko ithcw fjy a |wnou Tcry well ici)aakQti?d m that klnfdnm. Sir lUdiiifU Coit Ki^lfbi- 

** Th« C^ttloipiiM of PlauEa tt the ^nd of tach Comity trme eeoiiiutkli^Bled by lb« 



|fMt boiAQlvt of oar «tf e, Mf, B*^, Tbty tf e ibe effwi of mttor yrmrt obtwrttloft^ 
nd Ui>t rKnUvDt person hme wiLtiiig to Uke thi^ (Jii|tartuajiy of hiudiof thrm lo t^« 
pubUckt MO were tbe UndcrUken verjr reulj to elate tfhh iiucli a eoDfitliiiAbla ib- 

Ur. ChBjktt. tlic Muter or Univpriity CollrEc JO Orfvrdi *-» n gcntral bentdjCtarM 
tfaU edition* tad '* v^iom the Work from bciginomg lo «nd found tti [mtctC prv* 

The tniDdmtiani of U^nptUrc, WJltAbtn. Glouceiitenhir*, OirfaniiUn, Vtrwiefc- 
flhlrc. Worcc«lc:r«bJre, Cumbcrldnd, uid North utnbcrlimd vcre vent br tbe lerBnl 
OcntleDHMi who oommtiaicitrd thtiir OhB«Tvitione ujion thr rr^pf^irfl CounTtn. '* Tbe 
rt>flt wrrrc trdnnliiKd b^ fuod hrniclA; parlkuluty RatUndihlre anil LciorMtrrshir* bf 
Mf. JiLiuo Wrljjlit of ihc MidiUc Tcn>plo i iho IVrfArr, DoMtUhirCt 4uii Shjo|AUre 
by Mr. Piilmcr of (hp Mii^dJf T^mjilr : tin? RomxiiB in RriUin. fhe rebalUDQ of tbe 
0'N«alfi, Hnd nthf r pirln by Mr. W. ^. of tb« MiddlDTornple : tnd €ucibridf[t»Mn and 
tluniiii^JiKibliire by Mr. Ejicbtrdr of ChrlBt'i College in Cftmbrid^." 

TLti Vcnf£ \a (J&mdca'i tdt, wen ill tnulsiod bj Mr. Kcixnct of Coqiiu Chriiti 
Colle^r iu OxfiTrd. 

Tlie hf Api. including vanoUH idual Surt«yt, vcvtc r(<ndvrrd mmplrif hy Mr. Rohnt 
Mordm : and focb u wrfi^ enfrtf rd from other Maju, BUbsfquaut to Suton «ad 
6p«fld, ««r<? srot to j^rcpcr ponooi la the Kveml Countlo for rvviiioD, 

Worthy Sir, 
I am exactly in the same condition you left mp, only &m srttIM 
nlittlccK)Hcr toray work, and dmly engage tlifficiiJties T nfv(*r fore- 
saw, But whatever happens 1 am reaoU'd to get through it, and 
to endeavour that inst^tid of a reputntion it may not be a lasting 
scandal. If you had not laid your commands upon me to write 
frequentlyj I hope a sense of duty would have oblig;'d me to pay 
the utmost respect to tbe best of friends. I freely excuse Magda- 
len's men for declining what you so niucli press for, a Catalogue of 
their Manuscripts. Old musty papers arc but ill company for 
neat cloalhs and uhite hands ; and have you what zeul yen please 
for promoting the inspection of the first, they shall have as much 
for preserving the second. On Saturday last I went to wait upon 
the ,\rchhi»hop of Yorks tvv Chaplains, and my Lord hearing I 
was in the house did me the honor to send for mc. L^pon my 
thanks to him for hU favourable cliaracter of ine on the iatc occa- 
sion, he was pleased to give mc an assurance of whatever kindness 




Twd in his power. He told mc that Mr. Bentley by his aftreement 
with Mr. Thjnnc ib to pay him yearly l^oK whicli is 30V more than 
Dr. Lancaster niention'd. His (imce is very free and open, and 
much more agr«yiblc than the other Bishop. Ycur intercat in the 
House will do doubt furnish you with n more distinct account of 
the representation than any flying passages I can pick up. When 
it wns presented, the King look'd extreme >owrc, & upon hit 
OTderin^ their attendance on AVednesday morning, one of the 
members when he cmme out being askM what he said to them, 
replj^'d JJt bid utt come another time> a» if tliey h?td gone to dunno 
htm. I could have a copy of it, but that I doubt not you will have 
rent yoLi eifher in print ( if it is publishM ) or manuscript, 'ihe 
method 1 design to pursue in the notev and additions upon Camb<. 
dett shall be the subject of the next from, worthy Sir, 

Your most obhged senunt, 
London, Ei»i. Uibron. 

Jene 30, lG£»f. 


Mr. Gibson Cq Dr* Arthur Chartett* IT^e diffiQattifg to be rficoMir^ 
(rrtd in prejrarinr/ the AddUimui to the n^tv *' Jiriiunma" 

Worthy Sir, 
I had a letter last night from Dr. Parson*^ with a fresh request 
to send him down a Coiintie finish'd, from whence he might talcea 
model Xx> adjust his oa-o materials. Now it was my design, from 
the begimiingj la put nil papers into fonn in their several Coun- 
ties, because an inequalitie of «tile & composition, which would he 
the necessary coiiNequeTice. of different pens, must needs prove a 
great dcformitie in the whole. Must of those men who are eon« 
pcmM to return us intelligence aeem to be of the same opinion, 

CAXn. ROC. 2 F 


LcrrsBS OP emikent i.itbharv uen. 

pvttE botanict of our ifCi Mr. Ra^r. Thfj ire the effml of taaof yean obeemCioD 
and (hat rtCfiUrnt pcruKi *iiii wilUiig tu ukc lhi> u]i|iurtuutLi of ^■■(idLii| Uutn ^ *^ 
l*iih1io1(» *o iir«r* Ihn UadrrliilcRm tvj ivadf te rJiM« irilh luoh a conaiii#4*l)tir tm- 

Dr, CborUtt. thcMoalcr of Urttrmity CoUp^p m Oirord. vai agoifnl beariaoiarto 
tbU ctlitieai and ** vtiom tbe Work from bfgiupmg to cod found Lta |reat«at pro- 

The tftDtlatioo* of Hamintiifv, WilUlktre, Gloucutfinhirr. (Hfnrdihkni. Wmick- 
■blni Vomvtcrvhirti, CurnbcrluDd, and Norlhuniberlund wcte i^nt hj ihe trtpnl 
O^tlcBwn vho commnoicfctcii their ObactTatioDi upon the mpcdtivc Couaitn, " The 
rat werr tnuiiUtcd b;r good handi \ partloiilarljr Ratlondvliire and Lelontenhlct bf 
Mr* JaiDv Wriglit of iha MUdlv Tample; Ihn Pr«fiifr*, Donrtftbirc, anii ^brvpihlra 
bj Mr- Falmrr of the Middlr Trmtik' ; t^iA Romaiis in Urit»ini thv rcrbrllioa of the 
0*Nctt1ii and other paru bjr Mr. W. S.of tht MLildle Temple : «nd Cainbri4j:ahir« end 
HiiDebifiloiuhIn bj Mr, Cacbinl. of Chrikt'i CoKr^citi Ccmbrldge." ^^^U*. 

Tbe Vontf In Cuidaa'B teit. »•" all t/awUtod by Mr. Kmuiel of Cvpu CbrMI ;^; j *^ 
CoIlt««ln Oironl. ~ '^^ 

The Map*, innludlnj? vaHotit adiiat Survryi, were rendered eomplcif by Mr Rob«rf^ie tJL 
Mord«a . and luch a* wrre ca grated front othrr Maps, iubKr)urot to Suton wxd 
Speed, were tcnit to proper pcnoni iti the ■crcroL CouQtiH for rtvUen. ^ 

WorUiySir, ^ ''^Sf, 

I uni exACtly in the same condition you left me, only am sett] 
alittlccloscrtomy work, and dikilycii^ge difficulties I never fot 
saw. But whatever happens I fitn resolvM to get through it, p 
to CTuleiivoiiT tliat inKtc&d of & rcputAiion it may not. be a last 
scandal. If you had not laid your ronimands upon mc to w, ^ ^^ th-^ j 
frequently, 1 hope a sense of duty would have oblig'd mc to '"^"^^Pari^ 
Hie utmost respect to the best of friends. [ freely excuse Ma 
len^a men for dechning what you s<j niucli pre^s for, a Catalogi^ 
their Manuscripts. Old musty papers are but ill compan] « ''* 
iie»t eloatiis :uid white hands ; and have you vh^t jcal you % j^^ ^"^t uh 
for promoting the inspection of the first, they shall have as ^^ "*^'* a Q 
for presen-ing tlic second. On Saturday last 1 went to wait.^ ^ ^is q^^ 
the Archbishop of Yorks two Chaplains^ and my Lord he«l^ ' f** /i^t .. 
was in Uie houae did ine the honor to send for me- Uptv ""'9Uaiif- 
thanks to him for his favourable character of mc on the lat^y. '^,^'-^^<iiit'n 
suon, he was pleased to give me an assurance of whatever k^y^ '^ tie ir^ \ 




atid dc^ not trouble themselves any farther th&n to scud tlieir pftpen 
vidlout form or method. It coala me noe little pains to digr^t 
them ; and yet in«thmk» 1 )md much nthcr undergoe that, titan ««e 
t}ie boulc of ao many colours and faces ; and be forced seeiningly to 
approve things which in my own judgment I condemn. Uut this 
is not the worst neither: IhaTelook'd soe far before me as the 
publicadoEi of the Bouk, ^ find myself mightily at a loss hovr I 
aljall ever be able to wave such iiconvenicncea as attend the com- 
poflition of many hands. If I draw a scheme in the beginning, of 
CouTitle?! undertaken f)y ituch und such men, we hare no particular 
nndertiiker» for one third of the Counties, St so 1 bring n wtorm 
upon the bookscUcrs^ heads for not having equal regard to the 
whole kingdom ; or at least not being so industrious in perfecting 
the work as they ought t') have been. Next^ there arc noe Coun* 
ties but whercm we shall have considerable inteUigence returned 
from other hands heside the private undertaker j when the im- 
provements then are tjniircly attributed to one, what satisfaction 
ahull we he able to make the rest; for I hope you would have 
nothing rejected soo far as it is useful and proper. All that I can do 
then is this, in the Preface, first to let the world know how little I 
have been iiLstrumental in the particdar discuveries myself, and 
that if those Gentlemen who have entrusted me with their papers 
will but excuac me from mangling and abusing them, 'tis all I 
desire, and perhaps more than 1 shall well deserve- Next, to run 
through the Counties, and in each to make an honorable mention 
of nuc-h a» arc concern "d, and Bcknowledgmerjls iiuitahle lo Lhe 
service that every one has done to the edition. I can solve the 
po'iut noe other way, nor doe I see any reason why this method 
should not give general satisfaction, especially to such as know the 
necessity of it- If you can suggest a belter expedient, which may 
secure the Booksellers and give universal content-, 1 believe tt 
would ease me of a great deal of trouble that's like otherwise to 
fall upon me. lu the mean time, 1 am not at present concenied 
with nay but Dr. Parsons, to whom I muat desire you to write 



yOTir opinion of the mttttor, and to satisfio him that vrK&tcTor ho 
scnda shall bo hajidlM ai» toiidurly u.!i himself can tlusirc. I Icavo 
Ibe whole to your tulirtce and mtuiagcmunt, knd roniAinr 

Worthy Sir, 

Your most obligod Serv*, 
Fob. I, 169|. £d». GiiiiON* 

For tJie progrcw of Camdoii you mutt excusic mc lUl 
next opportunities 1 think of paying Mr Pepyn a visit 
uit Saturday. 

1 forc^e the incoDvetiionce of coming down in L^iit will be very 
T&s not $0 much tiie los» of m fortnight or three wccks^ bs 
Spatting me out of a vein & method 1 shall I>y that time be settled 
in^ and letting all papers snd letters lie unan8uerti<l hr sa long. 
Tftke it nltogethor, it will be nt le&at aix week hincinmee to the 
vork> which, as things st&nd, you know we can very ill dispense 
with, Tliere is a Statute (as 1 remember) which upon extraordi* 
nary occasions allowi« twice Austins luKtead of Determinations, 
upon thi.i condition that the Convocation diftpenaes witli it, and 
why it should not be allowed in tlm, 1 isee noe reason. Wlien it 
came in my mind, I rcsoh'^d to suggest it to you, with a design to 
lake your single advice whether it might be proper to move iU If 
it is, ^-unll be handsome for me fintt to apply myself to the i*ro- 
irost| for fear it should other\t'isc be not well t^ikcn. 1 remember 
when the project of my travelling was a foot, and that objection 
about deteraiiiiing raised, he resolved the matter by that St&tutc. 
And ^tis hard tluit travelling in a private c^padlie should be an 
effectual reason for the granting it, and being employed in a pub- 
lick business, should be rejected. 

For tlie Reverend Dr. Arthur Charletl^ Master of 
University College in Oxford. 




Thf same to the tame. The Paper for prtMiin^ the new Edition q^, 
Ccmden fixed upon* 
[IbU. p. U. Oeiy.] 
Worthy Sir, 

Th« Roynl-paper for the printing of Camden is now fixt upon 
by the Book-seUpm^ and the pommon will be swmr'd in a few 
dftVH- They loll me, the reason why they bare dcforr'ri rloing it 
thu4 long, tv a |>rr»pect of a Urge quantity of paper they expect 
ifery shortly ^m GenoA^ and have ren*on to believe it will fitt 
their huninefts. You know before they can settle that point, thvy 
must he sure of soe much of one lort aa will do the whole, for fear 
they find themselves at a loss sffrerwarrls, Th* wnrh in ao gftie- 
rally known, & iheir reputation in order ta any fatnre undcr- 
takingK dnrs soe much drpend upon t}ii-s thnt I Am eonlident the 
honour of the one of 'em, & the interest of the other will put it 
out of all danger of misrarrying. For my part, I am so well satis- 
iyd that it will gi\"e generall fiatiafaction [netting aside »omc few 
who reHoIve never to he satisfy'd) that the hopes of that would 
support me under more labour than tiiif r^qitirr.^ 

I have now in my bands Tw^'nc s .\jitiquitat. Oxon. 4*. which I 
fthall not buy till you please to give me orders* The price b 4*. 
Uio' one would imo^ne such a book as that might be hnd for half 
the money, if Book-sellers did not understand curiosities of Ute 
yeiirs beTter than they ought- I am, 

Hou'l ^u\ 
April 5. 16&4. Tour most obliged serv*. 

For Edh. Gibson. 

The Reverend D** Charlett. 

Master of University College in 




T>ie Mme to the Bamf. MhevUaneotis. 
[Ibld.p. ss. orif.] 

Woxtby Sir> 

I am now indebt^ to you two Letters; and pardcuhrly obliged 
to Uinnk you for your uscfull caution a^aiast \\i^.finitpersm. ^TU 
a rule I had from you long since, und which I am conTitic*d ia so 
agreea1>1c to thr methods of good breeding and a genii! way of 
writing that I would not willingly be guilty of a breach. But then 
I suppose it only hoId.i where mattes of tearnifig^ jutigmenty or 
ot)i«rr ihings upon which men arc apt to value thcmselres^ are 
concerned ; there being nothing but these wherein a man can be 
lookc upon 9s Coo ULSuming. The French, who you know arc 
wondcrfull rice in that point, doe not seem to carr)- it any further. 
The terms of grosse^ tcandahus, &c, are common expresAionv in 
surn !MtfT8 of intelligence as pretend to discover error* ; and arc 
very freely us'd by some pcrfions wlio have leas privilege to een- 
sure than one of Mr Tanner's judgment may pretend to. But 
you may assure yourself nothing ithall he saiti to the disparage- 
ment of Mr. Camden, more thon the b«c correction cf the slips 
amount to; which indeed is noe reflection u^khi one that has fur- 
nishM us with soe lur^ il Treasure of dUcoveries, and tliat dealt 
in a bosiiieas of so great an extent and Tarlctie. 

Mr. Wharton xn not in town, nor is the hook you mention sent 
him into Kent. 1 did not Kce Chiswell, but n^ I Apprehended the 
boy his master upon the receipt of it writ to Mr. Wharton to 
know how he would have it sent, but having noe answer still keeps 
it by hini : soe tltat you may be sure the book is Bafc> tho^ if 't 
va« A business of bast, the want of it may he a prejudice to Mr. 
Wharton. Dr. Plot, I am afraid, will hardly lie pre^'aird upon to 
unitertnke He>'iin ; he'l look upon it as a work below him, and 
think it too meobanical for a man of bia abilities to condescend Ij>, 



unless there were something more of Invention and Diftcorerie m 
it. But if a good reward could over-rule the Doctor, tlio English 
Hbtoiians vovld have re&son to thank any one that should en- 
gage him. If 5*ou cafi find out an editor, it will Ije no hAid 
matter to secure tlie propriety, but till you ha' the firat in your 
eye 'tis not wonti the while to make any attempts upon the 
SQcond. If Mr. Tanner or you will give mc Instruction* how the 
businefts of the Nolitia is to be managed with the Booksdler, 
nothing shall he wanting that I am able to do in it. Without a 
general &iin at leant I am not willing to more in it, beine noe 
competent Judf^c of the labour it has cost him. Mr. Wright has 
at last sent me the Catalogue of ManuAcripts which ends with the 
first piige of those in Baliol College. The world is wonderfully 
obliged to you for your industry in promoting that honourable 
work ; tho' I am afraid your requests to the Cambrid^ men will 
hardly meet witli thiit entertainment whicli might be txpected in 
an application so frank & undeaigning. Thcy'l consider what an 
inconsiderable figure theirs will make when compared with 
Oxforcl, and there I am afraid theyl atop at last* What can be 
done in this town Mr. Kcunet will give you an account, by whom 
you ahall have a jtpeeimen of our new Camden. If Dr. Pnisons 
must have a sight, wc must give you the trouble of getting it sent> 
and of letting him know in what haste we are for his County. I 
expected Dr. Todd'is before tins time, but the other will do as 
moat injury it it is not quickly returned, after he lias learnt from 
the specimen what method we follow. I am. 

May sr, 14>d'l. Your obliged humble serv*. 

For Edmund GinaoN. 

The Reverend Dr. Chorlett, 

of University College in 




!%€ soine to the torn, Tlte method qf arran^itiff the *' BritttHnW 
erplahted. Mr. Gi6svn dt^fends himself from some personai asp^- 
ttOHs retaking to other mUitrs. 

Worthy Sir, June ■I*', 94o. 

1 was ptud*d to find out the meaning of your Uumbte CmfeS' 
non ^ StUmijaion, till Mr. Kcnnet gave me the whole llUtorie; 
by which it appears that A. W. hiis Htill ho much kindiicMi eltlier 
for truth or bia own tumour, &s not to be enticed from it by 
money. For my |)ELrt, 1 think 'tis honorably done, unless he 
hajs a mind to give up hia integrity and the authority of the 
Book together, Mr. T&tiner has given me nn account of your 
journey, bu( when be comes to Winchester, he says no more, but 
thai your remarks upon that place were nothing but what ever)* 
ordiiuiry Tniveller would )m' mude. I wish tho*, lie would com- 
)Htre Camden'a account witli the present condition^ and furnish u« 
with Aome short dcsciiption of it; which may be probably more 
dialtnct than any thing we already hare. 

The sbeetA of our new Camd«n are at last sent, with noe other 
deingn than to tmve your free judgment of them ; tho* 1 am afraid 
our errors will obUge you to such reflections as may a little damp 
UB. Please to sihew them to Mn Tanner; and get him to carry 
'em privately to Mr, Waugh, hecauHe 1 promised him a sight, I 
think tlte more privately they're kept (he better, uuleaw there 
be snroe that sUU want conviction that wc arc in earnest. The re- 
fertn(,-t« nre managed by three directions. I, Uyasupciior Alpha- 
bet, as they call it, pointing to such notes as tlkcrc was a neccsiiity 
to throw at Uie bottom in short; and those immediately follow 
the text in ejich imgc, 2- By little figun^s, referring to Flulcmon 
Holland's additions, which arc in Itdick, and distinguish 'd from our 
own notca by a wliite line. 3. A birge alphabet in hooka referring 



to the Additions* Thus much I thought fittto tell fou about our 
ueUiocI, that it might not surprise jou. The Translation is »o 
managed in to onawer the text^ I thitik accurately eriough, and to 
amell fioinetliing of the pr«»eiit Edition. If those two be hit, we 
shall nut much ZEitaiid for nice cadences & turns ; which if always 
obscrvM, would oblige us very often to quit the sense, or at least 
not to exjbresa every circuin stance soe clearly aa works of this 
nature require. But I leave the whole mutter to your judgment- 

lls hard that, after I have upon all occasions vtixlicatcd tlie 
honour of the Unlversitie (as in such a place as this there la ne- 
cesalty enough for it), any of the members should be so unjust and 
ill-natur'd as to represent me a profess'd enemy to its discipline 
and goTernment. Tho' it is not in my power to doe it any seiv 
vice, yet it goes very much against mc to have my good inclina- 
tions call'd in questioa. I am not so much a stranger to some 
temj>er£ in our own house as to se«l( 1^'ig ^ot the Original; nor 
soe furgHfulh as not to remember what it was must give the occa- 
sion. At Lent^ I seem*d very earnest to be gone, aiid hapn'd 
twice or thrice to call London my humc ; upon any discuurse about 
new«^ 1 usM to hisist upon the couvynience and freedom trf i 
CudVe-house conversation in this place; and to urge, tUut (lie^ 
had here a much more accurate understandiug nf publick affairai 
than in Oxford one urdinurlly could Iiavc. I might say loo, that 
the conv^entcnce of studying is tkot less in this place ihan there, 
soc many avocations which are necessary to keep up government 
being a real loaa of time to any man that'a close fi^t, and rcsolv'd 
to pursue a design. Tins way uf talking irinoi^ently, ntid some 
other things that were spoke in jest & merriment, was bottom 
enough for men tbat vrerc iiicLin'd to lay hold upon nil opporluiiitics 
they could get, and put the worst construction upon every thing. 
What I might say about Mr» Worsley'a leaving the UniTcraitie, 
had only relation to bis circumstances; whieb arc such as at least 
seem to me to oblige him tu turn his thoughts towards the Temple 
or Linooln^inn. He's now paat one & twenty, and if he dcai^s 



for Law, 'tis high time to begin. [U'liUv^j I was s^nftiHIc hiK 
ftcqtuuntance botit in St round Oxford (ir« jaf>c miLii}> that liiA 
Studi^ft there rould not turn to much necoimt- Rut fir lh« little 
jiehiJilUh cxpretaion of Lony-coaU^ arnl llio other ol>joctioni! of timt 
' t»rlt, I know nothing of tUem \ nor ia it in my power to »top the 
mouth of ill nature and dcvign. 

"nms muci) I t)inaght it nocctwiry to aajy in order La ftAliftfy 
OMt of whojte jifood will and entire friendship 1 have all along htid 
•o mjuiy proofs. Ploane to believe, tliut it i* not the fop]ierie» of 
London shall ever tal^c hold of m«, much 1g«h alicnflte my afTcc- 
t^rma to the pkeeof my ediiea.tion ; but fhnt I nhnll alv-nyn krcp ft 
lue veneralion fur it, &t the higheitt estetin for tl^ofte person* who 
apport iU honour u^ud reputation ; and kball acknowledge myself 
tn a particular manner, 

EIonoHd Slr^ 
Your mu>t obliged humble servs 

KuMt^Nn GriiftON. 
Vou may expeot Mr. Swalles Books very 
liliortly; and I think Mr< ChurchiPfl arc 
delivered in at tbe HalL 

Tlic Koyal-jKiptr you may imagine is infinitely finer, and if yon 

i£nd it upon oiiy account necessary or convenient, shall be sent 

QU on notice Beside the paiii.H beatow'd ujion tlie copy to pre- 

pwe it for the Pre**, I take care to collate every l*roof ^vith the 

I Original, and after that to e^tamine it a second time for litteral 

ptlips and odd expressions. The method is troublesome^ hut there 

is this comfort in it, tlut a maD lets it goc out of his handu vitli a 

mh coDMrienoe. 

The honor'd D' Charlett, Master of 
DniTcrrity-ColI^c in 


camd. see. 




Mr. Gibion to Dr. Charlett, Further par Ocular 9 of the eontribu- 
tiona to the "Britannia/^ AnAccoimt qfone Mons^^ 2' nrf." 

[BBtlBTd'i Letten, vol. v. p. ?G. Orig,] 

Worthy Sir, 
The greatest encouragement 1 have had since I set hands to 
Camden is your judgment upon what we have done, and the ap- 
probation of Mr. Waugh and Mr. Tanner, I had a letter last post 
from Dt> Todd^ which encourages me to hope for Cumberland at 
last, tho' not without two conditions, which appear to me very 
odd. One is, " that he would have his notes printed at the 
bottom of the pages j" when he knows 'tis against the general 
method of the Book : the other, ^^ that he woidd not have what he 
does broke into 4' or 8" pages, and so printed off by itself^ because 
he has several additions relating to church-affairs which are not 
so proper for our general design;" the meaning whereof I am 
utterly at a loss for- We content ourselves to follow Camden's 
account of the Parishes, as part of the Text; and if the exact 
number in every shire thro' England can any way he procur'd, 
either by the assistance of some office, or particular information, 
design to put them at the end along with the Nobility of eadi 
County^ I mean their seats and names. The sheets shall not goe 
abroad, nor any thing out of my mouth for the future that may 
give the least offence either to friends or enemies. Dr. Sibbalds 
has undertaken to revise Scotland, the ablest man (I think) of 
that kingdom in this part of learning. Any observations upon 
the Isle of Man will come very seasonably, for we have no parti- 
cular Correspondent there, nor any thing relating to it that I 
remember, save two or three hints from a Gentleman at Chester. I 
have yet received nothing from Mr. Tanner about tiie publick 

■ Thia tttt Jhdiu Jurxias Tolaod, commonly lumed John ToUnd, ooe of the fbmid- 
tre of modern D«unJt whoie Dame ii pat at faU leDgtb in tbe succeeding Letter. A 
iufficient Acooont of him will b« foand in CholmerB'a Bio^phicat DietioEiarj* 



butlilm^ in Winchester; perhaps it nmy be needles. Ihc account 
we have ilrtatJy seeming pretty accurate, as near»» I ain able to 
jud^. TSs much if Dr. Gale spcaka favourably of any ibin^ litni- 
»lf is not connirn^d in. Mr. Pei>y4 I have not yet bc<mi ; nor doe 
I well api>relieiul vheUicr by a ^* mure publick advertisemetit " you 
mean putting the paper in the Gazette orsome oilier Papers about 
Toirn, I mean gi\nng a general notice of it; or have it inserted in 
aomc of them at large. Upon notice, I will take care that vhat 
yOG order alwU be done. I am still afraid youU hardly be able to 
ilrnw in the Cambridge men ; but the more Libraries you hare a 
promise of. the more ground you gain. 

Give me leave to divert you witii a pleaaant account I lately met 
with of MonMeur T— nd* Life »nd Conversation. He's of a pure 
Iruh extraction, and came into Scotland only about 88 or SO, when 
wanting a competent maintenance he bpply'd lum&eH to the iVrch- 
bishop of Glascow, under pretence of twing a great admirer of 
Churcli-Govcniment and Episcopacy. But not meeting with the 
encouragement he expected (for his Grace had been arm*d before- 
hand with a character of him, tho' something he did get,] he atruek 
in vcr> walcnsly with the Presbyt^-riwis. went to tficir meetings, 
and w&s very hbcral in his abuses, not only of the Archbishop but 
of the whole order. He got a rabble together, and at the head of 
'em ill the market-plflcc burnt tlie Pope; upon which occasion lie 
made a fonnal speech against the then Magistrates of the Town for 
beiiig Episeopah (My fnemi promLses to lay out hia endearoura 
for a ropy of it.) He fuiFd not to cant in hln mite when the Epis- 
copal Clergic were raubl.'d. He pretended (this I will enquire 
further into) to work wonders by acme stxrrrt arts, and so scduc'd 
a number of the young Studenta. 

How he came to Knghind, or the jwrticular reason why he left 
Scotland^ at present I can give noc account ; hut may be able in 
doe time, He went to Clapham, and there cuny^'d favour with 
oneAldenucn . where he coiistUmtly frequented tlie Pres- 
byterian meetings, and to conviiicc them of his siiKrore intentions, 
pretended to be (or really was} under great troubles of conscience 



for having ever cr>inmuntc8t€<l with Ihc BUhop* ; amd ci'er to thtt 
decree, that for six wceka he seem'ii perfectly distracted. But by 
the i^yly etuIcBrours uf xhe VTe%hyttnMn'\iiuisier of the pUoe 
(whose name my frieTid will n*coT<;r^ for 'tis now out of his mind) 
he was at last rcduc'd to a very comfortuble state, uid rcstor'd^ 
to tlie Cof)gregation of God's j>e<^)ile. And (perhaps out of & i 
how little lie wu enga^d to the Parson (or doing him a kmdneat 
be bad CO occasion for) he made a suitable return ; and after he bftd 
for some time cail'd him his Saviour, endeavoured to prove his Soa * 
guilty of PolTgamie, awearing judidally (for so my author affirms) 
that he had a wife tn I rcUnd unA another here : hut it appeared to 
be false. After tim, he was taken into Madame Gold's ^mily to 
teaeli licr son, at Clapbam, She kept a Presbyterian minister in 
her own house, and in his absence my (jentleman offidated. Ha 
pretended tlic Bishop of l^ndon had proffered him a considembKo 
Living, but alaa the cofiditions of conformity would not let him 
accept it- By soe many glorious proofs of his ze»l for lh(' Cause, 
he ingmtinted with Mr. (I liave forgot hn name) a Presbyterian 
Minister in Bisliop'Hgnte street; who with others of the brotber*- 
hood made a Collcetiun of a good round 8umme to maintain him 
fur two years in lioUBnd> where he should quaUfy himself for the Scr- 
Tice of the Cause here in England. But 'twas too long for lum 
to con^nuc in one place; »oc at the end of one ytsit he very 
fairly returns: and whether the remains of that fund support hint 
In OxfonI, or he has got some other Putronii, I cannot resolve 
you. Naw I have hn>ught him home to you, make the best use 
you can of him. The iaa^na of his behfiriour in Holland, Dr. 
Gregory perhaps may he able to make up, for he was there at the 
same time- 

Wlmt you liavG at present is only t}ic effect of a sudden rccoU 
Icctiim; I am encoumg'd to cspcct several other particulars from 
sc«o[Ld thoughts and a little enquiry, Tlie fwrson from whom 1 
have it is a sober ^lod man, nt* far :is I ean apprehend at present; 
if 1 oh»er\'c any thing that shall nuikc inc suspt^ct the contrary, 
you shall know it, that you may from thence lake sii estimate 



bow far n-hnt he rays may be rolyM on. Reputation oucilit to ho 
t<3ul«rl]r handled ; but if a ^(wd number of such matters of fact 
could be clcar'd by degrees, 't niiglit possibly do tiie University a 

Bat I leave this whole matter to you to miikc what uae of it 
aad in what manner you please; a^m\ upon orders, shall not ful 
to let you hare wliatcvcr of this kind comes to Imnd. 1 ans. 

Honored Sir, 
Your most humble and 

mostobli^d Serv^, 

EdM. GlUiON. 

Jane IZ\ IGUr, 

Mr. Chiirchil doca not seera reiy 
incltuable to print the iVo/i/ia 



Tfte s&me to the tame, Mr. Pefyfs MSS. Mr. Tolcnd. 
Dr. Plate$ MSS, 

Honor'd Sir, 

I redftv'il yriurs aT>out nne thin nft<*nio(>n, tui<l have been twice 
to wait upon Dr. Brady; but wa* both ti^iie* disappointed. Be- 
cause 1 sucreeded soc ill there, I rcsolv'd to tnkc Mr, I^etyt^s 
chamber in my u-ay home. He telU mc hia MSS, hare cost him 
near a thouMuid pouiKl^ and by several expressions he let fall I 
take it for granted them will hv. iioe^ dif^ndtie in getting the Ca- 
talogue. I must not say any thing against the "BihliothecaPoHtica,'' 
beetiaae the Author has of lat« done me some gf>od oflicefi; and 
parlietdarly presented me vitli a ttett- Mr. Titlniid wanu-ith roe, 
and rntleavoarM U\ elefiT lumni^lf fn^m being an ctiirmy to Cnmden. 
1 let the whole matter piiss without pressing him citlier with \>im' 
ticulors or eTiilcncc. Of his being traducM as to other mutters. 



or the good or ill opinion his Patrons may hare of him, we lud 
not a syllable. 

The incloB'd is a Catalogue of Dr. Flott'-s MSS. When I 
movM hitn ti> oommuiiimte tliein* he ur^d Ki% KUK*k was too 
KmiLlU aiid at the same time hinted thnt be had ^iven screral to 
your Collcf^ library- He would not afp^ee to haffc them printed, 
till I en^K'd ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ thetn some short intimaiion 
»houUl be given that hi» Twanure waa reducM to this narrow 
compass by beini; a benefactor to University Colkge. I hope 
you'l think it no way improper, and must bqc of you it may be 
done, became my word's at silake. 1 will a]i&re noe paints to meet 
with Dr, Brady. 

Your most obliged Sen-'^ 


July 20, 169^'- 

The «flRe to tht tome. 


VojHdm to be in tme votume, 
be dtdicoted? 

16 whom to 

[Ballftnl'* Letten, toL v. p* 41.] 

Ilonor'd Sir^ Nov. 10, "[n^X. 

I wish the gentry were as rady to contribute their MSS. lo 
tlic Oxford Catalof^c, aa they arc their Families to Camden. 
Thcy*re potuesaMwitb sueh an opinion of eat^tea and g«ie«lugies, 
tliat 'tiA a common Quc^ition among them, Ilotv many WKimcs 
tbc Book will make. And they're hoc aurpriVd loo, to ht'ar ive 
■liall be »b1c to squeeze it into one^ that 'tis none of tlie easleat 
work to vatinfic tbcm of the posatbihty. One of your Qucritita 
ask'd mc t'other day, liow many were entirely printed oflT? 

My dcai^ to be in Ovfard on Tuesday ni^Kt made me minpcnd 
writing; till my resolution of a journey was alteredj portly u|>on 
force, and partly upon choice. For there are some reasons to 



htVcvt that they'd hardly hare give:i way to my " Proceeding*' this 
Term; and the oceaAioti 1 have to continue here induc'd me to 
<lcff r it till Lent* in case no exccptiona tvera like to be took at my 
declining of it now. As matters draw towards an ejid> the Under- 
takers begui tu t»lk of a Dcdi(:<Ltion» and are willing to have it u 
Ncw^y cars-day business. But tmlcsa I stay up^n the 3ipot» wc 
cannot jKJBsibly Itnvc titiisht by Christmaj. Who this mighty 
roan must he, is the question. Hia Majesty being at the head o' 
the three Kingdums it treutjv uf, seems t^ have a sort of title : bat 
other cirrumstftnces will not doe. And yet tiie Huhjeet requires a 
puhliek l^tron, if any : and the only person vre ran think of is 
my Lord Keeper ; who i^i a scholar himself, master of Learning, a 
generous man, one that has a very fair eharactcr, and ia (tchat my 
Lord Burleight Mr- Camden's patron, was) Prime-Minister of 
Stat«. 1 know noe objection lies against him ; hut nothing ia to 
be rcsoIrM upon without your opinion. ThiA too makes it soe 
much the more eUgible, because the interest you have in him will 
be a means to prepare him, or at least to know whether he thinks 
it worth his acceptance. I>r. Lancnster is to be put in possession 
of St. Martin's on Tuesday. I took his Lodipngs in ray way to Mr. 
Pepyd's today; but he was gone to Falham, Mr I'epys promises 
himself the happincM of seeing yoa in London before Christmas ; 
and told mc your la^t Letter had encourag'd him to hope for it. 
I have got Dr. Johnston's llepertory of the Reccrdsp which shall 
be ttnt down the beginning of next week, lliey do not lye alto- 
gether in the same order at the Exehequer as Ibis Catalogue gives 
oa tliem ; hut he never fnil' d of finding wtiat he look't after, by 
tbcee direetions. It was taken by Sir John Trevor's Uncle, and 
tranacrih'd from his copy. The worst fatdt it has. is that the 
Doctor himself writ it. If Mr. Thorcshy of Leeds have communi- 
cated noUiing. I fancy I could prevail upon him to return his 
ICatalogue, which pn>bah1y may very well deserve a pkce. I am 

V our most obliged ServS 

E, tilBSON'. 


TV MM« /'t> tk^ »mme. JfoodfawMv 
'fciOv^* Lens*. mLt.j-t^ ^^l 

Hfjt^jr'd Sir, 
I t^>ftAk f'^A frjr foar ^wH adrus br t£i« tut post. T^ Defi- 
cat#/>n, I tliiAk, U l^r pwt in my own mme, which makn ve tiw 
iftftf« f^/hT'rrTtM wtufiT*^ tt b fixt. CfuloabtaDf Mr P — n, ^ic 
CftfAain, f Jf^ri, ^. will n^rtr endure any thmz that looks that 
way. y</f tiit/ my L'jrd airU with a great deal of erenneaa and 
U^mf^f eren to t^iat degree that hia enemiea can hanOr find a 
flaw; ytt you know a bare compliance wiD be objectkHi enov^h 
with them. Mn Camden dedicated his tint editioo to mr Lofd 
Burlrifc^j ; h't» Jaat, to Kin^ James- I am willing to bdjere yvn 
might have Wt my I>jrd Rawlinson's Catakgne 'ere now, had 
not Ca|itairi Ifatton engaged far it. My Uncle had made way En' 
me Uf wait u|K;ri my Lr^rd; but in the intenm the Captain told 
me a friend of hu was employed in that business; soe 1 desisted. 
I ttiink, in my last I toLd you my Lord Peterburrow's may be 
•hortly tx[>€cie6f and the Bishop of Norwich's will not be modi 
liehind them, ilis Lordship han promised to communicate; but 
lit present he has n'ere a Catalogue, and I beliere part of that task 
will fait to my share, soe soon as the Books come out o' the 
Country. I hope the passage in Plautus wiU not fright you &om 
c<jmiiig to London ; where you are sure of a hearty welcome from 
all Friends; and as for servants, 'tis possible Plautus niight only 
mean of an lU-bred surly country knave, I am sure Mr, Pepys 
will not thank me for my news, when I tell him you are not to be 
expected soe soon as be imagines. Twice or thrice I ha' been to 
vait upon my tutor, but he was still at Fulbom. On Sunday I 
design to be his auditor at S'. Martin's, and to take an opportu- 
nity of wishing him joy after Sermon, if I see him at bberty. 



KitPT Chmtmas 1 hope to bo in Oxford witl* ft lig^liter heart than 
a half-^niaht work would Kave allowed. 
I iim> 

Your movt obliged humhle Sorv^ 
E* Gibson, 

iar. n\ lejn'. 


the Reverend D' Charlett, 
Master of University College, in 



ne same to iht same. The " Britantua " proposed to 6e dtd'tcattd 
(q the Lord Ketptrr, 

lonor'd Sir^ 

I htre B reciuest to make to you, but knovr not ccitdnly whe- 
ther It mny be proper, tt is, to try my Lord Keeper by a letter 
wlw?thtr wc may take the liberty of dedicating; Camden to him. To 
do it without le^ve, I auppofie is both against custom and good 
manners ; and I have uoe way to be satisfy'd but by your interest 
"n» natural enough to imji^nc that my Loid will decline it out of 
modesty^ or at least not give his express ccjnscnt; and then tl>e 
question will be^ uhat course we arc to take. In ttie management 
of this matter I depend wholly upon your directions^ 

Dr. Todd has dcsir'd Mr Swallc to return yoo ^K for the use of 
the College ; as a rovrard for his labour upon Camden. But noe 

CAHD. SO€. 2 It 



CJEpreu iNir^atn \yrtin^ mKrlr, f do not find \hv Rookxcllcn endin'd 
to make anjr grBtuity, bc»tie» a Hoyal-papcrboolc 

I UD, 

Hon'd Sir, 
Your meat obliged aerv^ 
Nov. «o, 94'». E. GiBaoN. 


Tho Reverend Dr, Charlett, 
Master of University College) 
in Oxford. 


The same to the Mome, SiiU om the Dedtrotwn, 

lB«Uanl-t LMton, voL v, p. 46. Orig,} 

Honor'd Sir. 
I ha<) almost given over hoping for any ^od from my Lord 
Keeper, at least wsl^ far froTU ^ xperlin^ vikntten ftoe eaay &a yoa 
hare made Uiem. ]>e<tinitions urc nice things; but vhat ever 
partinulun^ I mny fail in, I will endeavour that want of gravity aiid 
modesty shall be no objection. Ri>l to l>e nure, nothing of that 
kind xhiUl pa%% vrithnut yotir approbation. I nm v<*ry murli obti^*d 
to you for yonr good opinion in tbiiiking me any vaya proper for 
the pWr you mention. X<>« sttation am be more eligible upon 
all Accounta, hut my yean and experien^^c would (1 (ear) hr hardly 
e<]ual to the busiucM of tb^t hauae. Mr. Wliarton (I think) wm 
not Chaplain at hia fint going ; hut if he v^as, hia «tudvtng with 
Dr. Cave had made hirti ajt al>lc l>inur and given him a good ae* 
qoaintai»oe with ihe bcHika in that Profr«nion. Thia you know, 
haa not l>e«ii my furtune; nor have Churcb-affiirs had any con* 
aideiaUe part o' my time. Dr. tjineaater hat obli^'d me to pre- 



wnt a Book to my Lord (nbidi I htui design 'd to do Wfore h« 
movM it,) ftnd rirrv kindly oHPcrM his company upon tli€ occiaion. 
1 cannot bot tell yoa tbftt the Doctor always caentioDa your nam« 
vith A great deal of rcapcct, and that tlie L«urned rwtn in thii port 
ro' the worid are tensible Kow tnucii tlic Uniwrvitv U better 'd by 
ar having a nharo in ita ^ven»mcnt. Tbey liavo ^reat 6^pe<:t«- 
tions from your Vic«'ChnnceUorslup, wliioli I hop« ia not far off. 
Iti that: tlirce years ire nhall be alt extremely plca^V! to »ice every 
tiling tliac'fl great and Uonorsble come frDm tbc prefts«. 

Tbcy are not yet (wmo Lo the MSS. I he^ar this evening* there 
iltfa be«n a srntlcinan to make partu-ular inquiry after tli4>«> two ; 
rhich probably will hc^j;ht«n the price- For fear it should b« 
:>Bie you haw eroploy'dt 1 have got one to eirt him, ttiat we luay 
'not play the fool and bid one against another. I am. 

Your most obliged humble Scrvi, 
■"Dec, 15*. 91". E. GioaoN. 


The Reverend Dr. Cbarlett, 
Master of UmrorTiity 
College, in 



77ie sumt to the swne, 
[BtUord'il.eU«rm,TeUT.p.4T* Onf,} 

Honor'd Sir, Dec?- 19". 9^". 

La»l ii^hl Mr- Tanner came to town, and thia morning he and 

I went to wait upon Dr» LAncaatcr. Wc met with him very luckily 

joaitiia he waa going for PauU to exann nation a ; boc, without mure 

adu he tooke Mr. Turner along with him. The penon who hod 



been to view the two MSS. prptpncl<Ml to he employM by you, niJ 
RO got the fir»t ; Itnt ve tiegiin to he a Ultte jealous of bim, and to 
iriAke all sure sei^'t) upon the second, «ii(i Dr. Rathimt*A ScTmon. 
How much thf^y both rost, I rannot panctually tell ; hut 'tiii unc!«r 
lo*. If ih<T lJniv(?mty U not jilreiady funiiaht vitii aTraoMjipt 
of thU 1 ftf^nd yon, it NC«^nii« tn mf. tn he rirfily wrirth t1>« money. 

IV'ill, 1 foar, he a h&rd m:itter to luiy i^eilher too little nor too 
much to my Lonl Keeper, Bui I'll try what can l>e done, and 
di^jiend upon yaur crorrertioniq. W^* muHt he. rontenC to come a 
little aftpr New-Vcara <Iay. tlie TOwling-press h soc very alow. 
But H we eaulil he rearly^ my Lord U so lalcen up that day with 
present* from all the Courts In Westminster-hall, tlmt lie'd liardly 
be in a condition to receive any thing elne. I am, 

Your mo»t obliged actv*. 



*,* Aboot ITOD, GihfOD romhl hi* Ihanghta ngmio to Ibe tdprorvmrnt of tli« RrL 
tonnkEi but did net brine tuv iwtmil tditian ciat UU kfter b« had Imtd prucaotod to Cb« 
6m of UiicoId. 

He opcc morif fiolUtf d the TniulAliaa tvitli the Lalio ; accommodated it raott iocil- 
ratcdj t« the Autlim'a hchk nnil Ihn EagUnh t<iiQai> nod giVB It whal It was brfcri; dffi- 
oi«nC In, mtim-ly, bi iinifonRifjr at itj]t. Tht Ailititinni whi^Ti hr ftl Arat hifed pliMvd 
«t the «nd of riu:h Coiinl;, be pov interUd under the plecr* Ch(]r tMlonfrd to> bat 
vilhlii hrtckrti, lo that, althoj^b incorparstcd Willi CansdeD'a teat, tbc^ «ero la etvrj 
intlAOCr dutiDguisbiihlr. 

Ainooc nnv cootrilmtionA vr Itod l^rtanll, DcionflbUtT and S^mpriivtvliire, txt- 
l«r|td fnkm nbMrtntiatLi rommunlAKUd by Hr. MB>fn» i Donvtahirp, hj Mt. Ris> 
ncti; Lcicotcnblre, bj Mr- Eogm, Luc arolid^tcon of l^icMler; Hsotiocdcoebirv, 
bj Mr. A9trj -, Worf«Wnhire, hj Mr. Olitm Ufl bUbopricIf of DurbiuD* l>y Dr. 
5mJtb, prr^CDdATj of that Cbnreb ; the Aorouot of the PicU W4II, l>jr «Dotbrr vfrj 
vonbT p«rt40 of t^p »*i<nti n&iL>c and nnittf j. vbutn ^wn>te vu^^y at it i* priaUd at 
Unv: the UId of Mbd, b? tbv biibopof Uan, in A deh-riplion of Meminly ntiv; uid 
l^lilmdaof JfTKr* Ga«rnjt«j, ac, id « lika dMcrintMu, bj tb« fv^cnrad Mr, PelL 

Ruhoioa MoJUnd'i aJdiEioof, ai bu beca aJreftdy UKBlioncd la an eailUr p«|«, 
1RTTT EivcQ at the cml. and tbtf noA publlihcd la 17:!^: witb BI»lop GilMua*! tttmc, ■• 
|luihni« of LiAMla, la tho 1KI0 p^gt. 

LirrsRs or kuinent litbrahv ums< 237 

Is 1793 Df . GibMHi twrnofnA fo 1^» S«c of LooJon i wboB dtc boo^nm pcuitod a 

waam m '* bo* bubop of LoDdon.'' 
1Wi> fif Bithop Gtbwn'« ]^«*r«, n4atnf te tW BriUnnU, of flu ibU* «r 170,^, 
1 17ie, u* prurrrrd b Rallard'* CcUwlioii of Lettrn in (he Bodlduti tdL tL 
«lt3(i9- IWTifc of no ^rcftl motneoti fkrtb«r Ifcan tlievtntf th« Hiahop't «aii«lj 
for perfvofiiv vkM be bad fgr w loof > tmu ii*^rtik«i^ 

* LaavbAb. Mitf. 4, 

" I dunk jou for lb* fnvdur of joar Lf<E<r> aal bwe lifto* Uk«m (Im Kbcrlj 1i> 

able jo« wilb t«o Blftp bj tbe Oifoc^ C«*cb i oo« of OifMibirr »d cb« oiber of 

b«hJrf* Tbe Ccrour 1 «oaU Icf , villi nljilton :o thna, U, thil p« *^ pr«rul 

wfib wau pfupfT |«raDii» mh9 k»*ir iboa« t«D CoOAiSn, u> hnk gi«r lb* Mapt. koil 

hOUTP rf tb« &l>« «p*lli«ff, Jto. if «Aj •Bf*b be foaiid- A* lo lb* H^vrimf^ 1 f#fer wn 

PDat nol bB loo mkc ibevt ibcn. Mr. CbnnUU iotfttdus to rtfroh th« fonncr 

I la onicv !• » Mw cdMsft of Ibc BrkannU, aUch (if ma*T Burio^ «rrv to be 

) wovU b« baltcrad to rant*. Vc VMt oalj far \ Pace, to i^w on in cvnuC^ 

ulioa* tm my put bctDf in ^vtd famrdncflt: i&il itbucrcv jrma tball be 

I to tfyt. in unlet Ia the mpnHCwnf of tlHt Work, of Bn J pwt of il, ibjiU liO 

wnl tbuUnOr fttcifed 17, 


Your over Oifali^vd anil ttJP* S«r>\ 
rOrlbc RcT. D*. Cboflctt. r.uB. CitaiK>M.-> 

» Dibe Slrock Wests', 
'• OavSir, OcC30^,niB, ' 

" 1 dvabt ngt ut lb« fovss (sftA «rtU oob« foil) prvpual Air Ptic*t> Orlc«*, bj 
bsHng wtC 0aciB>dvr'<l pHrvon opon the Cr^fd. mj»A vovt va«b Boolu u » Att to b« 
LbT7oaaK DiriaM; ssd tb« tvv t had hi tpaktoK cf him. Witbtt^oa m%hi 
1 to Um Ibc rcsiilag of proper Book*. 
■d4«i'« BrittiKu ksa bcrs trsd; for the Pmo iht-at trrtm jrarv j Mul I h«vs 

IllboJk ViHV Wrr Iku SuDioierr *( Etut^ilrn^ l,^p«n Uiii oimjiuD, jo4 nut give mc 
■t« to mre ^4 htipnhMbA. tkM if tsj thia^ U uiRiltod whifli JrMfvn iic4i«. in 
file Uolvonlir Bf Oxford, I v?| La^ tbr bUmfl it jooi 6o<3t^ I bjpc 1 biir iai«rtcd 
t bat U vil be kind to jot to rT«oll«( vb^t «u onattod ia the lut edition, lad 
^Vhil Mv uUcs baa vioea liaoe, and to cosawvcils il lo, 

hr Totr 9ttf ■tfeet* Son*. 

Tbr It0T«. D'Cbvloie Eotf. LmcoLti/' 

of Usavenoi; C^kfC 

■, Ed^ Liacohi. 

'n* oditioA «r i:?? m fvint^ fftimo »pr of Ibst of 173V, kft corro^tcd brtb* 
Bllbof ttf tbs prci* i no Otber oJJrnooi bcinf nadc to it. 




Dr. Thomm i^mlth to flumphrey Wnnley. on tht Bcdidan Manu- 
scripf qflht " Mia Martyrii SancU IffuatiL" 

%* Antanj Ji Wnoil nntl tU«^ cnm|tilB(« of the HidgrBiil^iK Untnaiiwa. La^i ^^^n. 
tUpla ■rmujiU nf l>r' l^hninHn SmiU^. Hr wnii Ititrii iii the; |iftrl>b of AtlultciPi . 
Barking -luuc ILd, Ifiltf : *vAft Ant of Quccn'i CoUr^. Oifotd, ttbon h« took Eh^ j 
dr);rre« in ArT», irid iftervtird* ttroimtr ■ ftllow 4if MigdHlrn CnUrjiB' lu Jaiit IGM* 
he irent av tbaplniii to Sir I>i<iicJ llirrcy, «iDb>»4diir (u ConaUntinoptc, ftuJ reLiHU«l 
froiD ihnicr in liiTI- tn Augtiit ItiSB. b« fd* it^pnTccl of liii fvllrTvdijp h^r Or, Gif* 
bnl tlip pupii-h PreiLiJfliit of MiiKdAlen Colletff<t for rernnDjE to tittf uaonf tfa« new 
]iii|iiBTi fnlJow* cif IliiLt Eiocictj. He waj>. lioviTbiTrf ml^irfitL in Ibc ujonlh of October 
folbitlfig ; bal, inf^twjtnls nBCiUiUK lo Ukc lUc otitht ta Kia^ WllJuia «Lkd Uttcctt 
IVImy. bit fc]Iu«ilii{> w» Bjjniu prouguuicil v<r^i]> July 3^, 1(j92' Fioui tlils tiAieliO 
IivaI chJHly in th« fiimiljr of Str John Coiion. II« ilLnl iit l^adoa. May 11th, ITIO. 

He publiib«d ■ great tanoy work*, Jtmonft which it edq^ be lofBcicDl lo DuuuMnlft 
hU" DiACrlb«d« ChrUdHicii fnrjiphnutM corumquv Vnrmnibuft," t^mo. Ojioq. 1663} 
hli *' KpljiloiR dc Marlbu* Turcarum, cc ife bcplcm Atloe Ccdenlt,'* IVino. 4>xcia. 
IGTI I til* *' MlsottUitu,'' l^iuo. Loiid, ItiUti ; hli latin Lifa uf Camden prc£ioil ia 
tbcedilion of hi> '' EpiBlolar," 4Cu. Load. )fi!?l ; hu " CnUloguc md JlUlorj of Sir 
Eoli<irE CoElon'* libnrj*" h\. (Uoii. Itt^t;; Lin " Vitie iiiioninHnm rnaditiininoram 
et llhutflum Vironimn*' 4to. Locd. ITi>7 ; iiDd hJM edltJODAf ** Ign^iii KjiLAt^lv," 4to. 

II? «■«■ at oa« tim^ aolidt^d hy biBhopH iVanoo, Fdl, imd Lloyd, (o nuW a Moond 
v&oil to the EtA for tie parpose of coileeting mtcient CntX manaHrripte of the Pithen. 

Sir, London, 22 February, Ifi9;. 

About tt week sinoe I received your Lelti^r, wliich T take very 
kindly from you. You wiU, 1 Jiope, easily suppose in my faTour, 
tbnt, during my residence if\ Oxon^ I was pretty well acquainted 
with the Mftnuscript^ in the B(tdl(?yaii Library, e.K]i€cijLl1y relating 
to the most antient Fathers^ and to Eccle^^iasttcftU Histctry- You 
put too greate a value upon the Acta Martyrii S. I^iat'it in the 
Baroccian Archives ;* whieb is iicilber so noble, nor so genuine^ 

' Wteloji Id anot*, »j«i " Uvrttthegood Dootar '» mbULMi, the AoEa lj«atJi that 

t found, not btinp nmanir the Bikrocdan MaauaiTiiits, but ftmon^ LhoH of Arahbishop 
Uiudt wbrto in a KT«xr part v( Uif uld M7v«l/jp [more nnticat tliaii the limB uf Sjmeon 
McldphrastH) r in thrcv largo vriluidf^ jia fotro. Tbcie, I bclicT^, mat tally irith thoie 
of Monnitur ColljrrT, ujcordtng to vbiit I liavc nmd of Ibcse lint in BcriBni Montfrni* 



u you imoL^ne- For I have compared it very vx«ctly with a 
tntnftcript ««nt m^c front tlic other side c»f t)ie water, tftkdn fTOm 
the ex^mplftT in the King of Franoc hin Library at I*aris, and 
printed by Coleleriiis; and found it to be« the interpoUtcd copy 
of Symeon Metoplmstev ; innkitij; ailowuTicet for «ome inconid- 
derftbtc additions nn<l nlterutjtjnv of n word, hero or thoro, some- 
tiTTien for the better, And At other tiino« for the worse, which I 
have noted downo. About three years since 1 procured u very 
leufned friend beyond aea, with whom I c!orreii]H>nd, to writo to 
FathftT (now Cardinal) Novi>iu», to ohtnine of him a copy of th^ae 
genaine Acts — in Greekc, irtiicir v:t-m to be found in the Vntioan 
Library: btit it i€em». a* he wrote, they are not there, Thi* 
defect ia supptyird by PuiT))iiirtu« out of the Library of Monsiviur 
Colbert^ about which copy 1 hnv«* no h-isiirr nt present to write. 

1 am TcrygUd of the new post you arc preferreiJ to, a* you write, 
Ac publiclc Library. If in taming over t)ie Greek Catenas upon 
the booka of Scriphire, you light upon any fmgmcntc of 8. Ire- 
, nictiA. or find by tin happy accidcntr in Leontius Bysantiniu, 
knastasiaa Smailn, or any other writer of the nixth or nevanth 
century, any citation of tho episOe of S- Chryaostomo to Cepsariua^ 
yon will obUge me by the coniniunication of auch notices. But 
let thia he done without prejndiee to your ttudy of tlie Saatoti 
p and antiquities, which itconin to be your peculiar prorinoe, 
^ftnd which I n-ould havo you cultivate with yojr utmoat tndtuttry. 

I am. Sir, 
Tour very adectionate friend and Aervant> 

Tiio. Smith. 
For Mr. Humfroy Wanley, 
at hia Chamber in University 
College, in Oicford. 





Dr. 7%amaM Satiih to Mr, JVanley. Om a Manuscript tehkh 
H^anley had prta^^td tc /Ar Cotfonian iMtrartf. A T)at^Jitun4 
in one of Archinvhop Utthrr'a Samaritan Pmlat^whn at fh-fnrd, 
Mr. P^pyt dangermiMtj iti. 

[Hvl. M$.,n£t2. Art.47. »VJ 


On Wcnsday last Mr, Klstol) of your Colle^ broQght mee yonr 
letter^ and a Manuscript bookc, wJiicli you present to ihc Cotta- 
nian LilinLry. For the former of which I pve you my ituuifu ; 
but for the lattor I iru«t Icavc it to Sir J- Cotton, wheii liee shall 
came to London* Altho' hia Library, as you know, wia desired 
chiefly to he a repoMtory of Saxon nionumentSf and other anti- 
quitycs relating to our English Hi«tor}% yet such a tmnslation uf 
several pieces of devotion, out of French and Latine, into English* 
done above three hundred ycares since, and it may bee, not very 
long niter the death of that esttmordiiiarily strict &ad devout man 
lUchardus de Hampolc, deserves verj' justly a place there ; and I 
^id in the morning put it in the Library Accordingly, there to 
renuine, I hojic, for ever- What satisfaction your biend received 
hy looking into some of the mo:^ cunous and renerable pieces 
of AnU((uity, you will hear from \}\% own mouth* uhcn hcc 
returns to Oxon ; for 1 peroeive that hee has a good relish of such 

I thankc you also for the Mote which you very happily found 
at the end of one of the Samaritan Pcntateuchs in the Bcdkyin 
Lihriiry, whbh shewes so clearly the exact yeare when that in the 
Cottonian Library was written, and that out of the book itselfe, 
which makes mee wonder how Archbishop Usher, who was so 
induatjious and lu^ctirate, and who had prociired it out of the l*laat, 
and Mr. Selden. who had the use of it, and mentions it in hii 
pre^Lce to the Stfamnora Anindeliana, should ovcrlookc that chro- 


noIogtciiD remflrke : u'liich T wtU d-arefully exnmino, tho^ I doubt 
not in ike leuit oF thr truth of di^ obM-n-iition. I vr'iah that I 
knew vrho the pereon watt that m&de it ; percbAiice bee tnigltt be 
knowue by his handwnling. But whether so or otb<*rw)se, tt is 
not nuiteriatL 

My very worthy and f>\rollent frientl Mr. Pepys haa bcene very 
ill of l*Ur, iinrl wai brought so Jow» that wcc were afraid wco 
shoulil bare lost bim : but now, God be j>raiftcd, thr danger is 
over: and hee by advi<* of Pbysidans and friends is gone into 
Uw Country, but not fan- fnim Tj^ndim, ffir full and perfect 
recoYcry of hh health: which I dare say, ymi and indeed alt 
others who know what a brave publick-apirited a gentleman hee 
b, wish, aa weD as I. 

1 am glad to beare, that your drudgery of making an Index to 
tJic Catalogues of Manuseripta is at laAt happily over, so that wcc 
hope that great worke, u-bich baH hung ao long in tl^e presse, will 
5pecdi]y hee pubbOicd. 

I am, 

Your Tery affectionate friend and bumble serrant, 

Tiio, SvtTii, 
London, 15 May, <A97. 

I Avstm yoii, if the CntnlfiRiie of the Arcbbishop of Dublin's 
ManuM-riptJt purchaRpd by T^r. Bernard in Holland, bee not as 
yet wrought off at tbe presse, to add to tbeae tvo senarik vcrsea 
of Om Greek booke * 

theae two following t 

for the better explication of tbe eontenta of that curious booke. 
When you next aee in the puhliek library Mr, Parker of Mer- 
* f(M A» Cm. MSS. AAfl. M Uib. bou. J. |K> li. p. 65. 

CAMO, aoc 3 I 



ton College, or Mr. Wftllrn of Ma^dilen Collie (far I take it for 
granted that you know i\icm bo4h) give tliem my ven'ice. 

For Mn Humfrey \V*nlcy, 
£n Unh-vmity College, 
in Oxford. 


The Mme to the game. An Jccouni of Si, KiTtantti fir$i buhop 0/ 
iftrtzbtrg; and 0/ th€ b^hops OoriMttdui snd Himbfriut, 


FHifL MS. ^m^ vt. A9. 0H>.] 



pcr)' ready and willing to answer your qucryes, 
I am able, provided that they do not come too thick upon mec* 
and to a-Hsiat you in your studyc-^, which arc like to prove bencfi- 
ciaJl to tiie publick> whilst you %o industriously maintsine the 
poflt you arc in, liy locking mto tlie old MAnuscriptx of the Bod- 
Jeyan Librar)', and brinjciuK them into the lif;ht which have layao 
hitherto in ^at oh&euHty, for want of a Htrict, ctiefull, and judi* 
cious examination of them. 

In order to yoQT satisfaction, I mu&t prenuac somewhat coq-^ 
cemiiig S. Kilianus. 

Kilianus wax by reli^ous prafe^sion a monke^ and a native of 
Ireland (the true Scotia of tlie Antients, oa t« undeniably ccftain), 
whose holy xtalc for the propagating of the Christian religion 
rarryed him into Germany, where he converted the people of 
FranconiO) wbidi is the same with Frtmcia OrimtaiU or Teuimdca, 
and iH dcserve^Uy u]x>n tJiat itcciimpt called the A|N>HUe of that 
countrj'. Hec waa the fimt Bishop of Ilurtzburg (Herbijv»li-H} the 
capiull of ttiat province about the yi»r dclxxxvi, and suffered 
Martjrdome three j-ears aAer by the wiles of Ueilana, another 
Herodi&i, vhoae anniversary sotemmty la kept on tbo 8th of July, 
ns you may sec in the Koman Martyrology ; bnt for thca»e and 



other pftTticulara I refer yoa to ArchbiJihop Ushers Bnbmnicarum 
Ecclotiiarum AtitiquiUtcs, cnp, 16,» and to Sir James Wnres first 
bokc ck Scriptoribus Ilibcmiw, <»Lp. ii^^ Both tWtic great Aiitj- 
quoryos refcrr to tJie life of tbis jjretit Saint, written by i^n old 
Monkuh imtHor, printed in the admimblc collection tjf CQni»iu9 s 
ivhich I fluppoae (for I have not aeon tliAt purticolnr Iifo] 8cmrtiin 
nprintcd vith uiootationti, :in<i may bo met trith in tho tirtt tomo 
of hia workx printed at Mcntai, A. Ch. Kow na to thotK^ 
turo persons, Gorbolduii (written ■omctimca Ciotnb»lclu5) bnd 
HunnbcrttiSi vho guvc tiioae books to S- Kilian, thnt in, cither to 
the Baftilica or Cathedral Cliurcbt or, it may bo, to a naonaat«ry 
founded to pcrjictuate hta name and memory (ati 1 liavo 9U0n dove^ 
nil copyea of donationa of tandii ^vcn to S* Cut3ibert» long after 
bit death, tliat jj», to the old ehurch nt LindisfamOj &n<l ai^eiword, 
wbctQ it wfta removed tlionco to Durham) : it is most ccrtiuiio, that 
tfaoy, both of tiicm^ vrcro Bidhgps of Hcrbipolis. But lioiv to fix 
tlie time of tljcir life, nnd nt whftt diuUnce they lived cncb from 
Other, is a matter of no simJl difficulty: which yet would soon 
TDniith, if I could li|(ht upon an Aothor whom Baroniu* citc» in bia 
note* on the Roman Martyrology he published nd July viii, vie, 
Dcmoeharci^ whij in his hook de sacrifirio ^fiH»(e, has pubtiahcd 
a list or series of the Biahopa cif Hcrbipoliii, or upon Trithemiu^^ 
or upon the Acta Bcnedictinorum^ set fortl» by MabiUon (for 1 
am prone to hccheve upon gnod grounds, that both tbonc Bi«h(t]>» 
were of the order of S. Benedict), ond it w not uniikely but that 
something relating to tiieao Bibhojis may boe gathered out of th« 
books of ChriMK^hcrus Broisenis, a Jcauite, an author very 
'fnnoua for bU exact skill in the Eccl4^)aLllsdcal AntJ^uityes of Gor- 

All that I can inform you of at pre^nt iu thiti, that I find in 
libr. IV. Annalium Boiorum of Joannes jVrentirus neerc tlic 
lugtnmng, whom I consulted as a likely author to give meo satls' 

> EiUc Laod. Ili«1, p. i^. 



futlonj mention made of • grant of two cViurchc*. <i cartls dmA* ^ 
nicttj cum ipdificiis d^^nptr pttfifur^ in tlic 7 th ytta of tiic Em p^roor 
Ludovicui : and of anotlicr grant or licence to the monks of the 
Monastery of St. Mnurkc^ of cho<»mg their own Abhftt in time of 
vacjinf.'yf mode in th<^ l^th yCMtc of the rcii^nc of Uic sai<t most glo- 
Houi Prince, indieliont nond^ to GothWldiis, Episcupus Vir>«- 
burgcn^is, and Abb&t tlicre. Now 1 IaUc ^^^t% Kcnpcnmr Ludo- 
vicus tu bcc the son of CharleniiunOf »urnnincd I^tis, ftnd the 15th 
ycarc gf his reignc toconcurrc witli that of our Lord DCCC-XXvilt. 

As for llunnbcrtu«, I find nothing of )iiin At present. I hftve 
indeed met with one Hmtrpcrtus^ AffrippifteH»U Arch^mytta^ who 
flourished under D&gobcrt, und mubt he n different peraon^ tho' 
called by the same name with your Bidhop of Wurtxburg. 1 doubt 
not, but that if you will diligently innpcct the Senptorcs rerum 
QenDAuictu-uiii, which cither you have or aught to huvc ii) the 
Library, you may at luat satisfy yourselfe nhout the B)»hop» o€ 
Wurtzhui^hf according t4> an exact order and sericA of time. Vou 
Arc beat judge, whether this wilJ be worth the labour and paino of a 

I am. 


Yoor BMured friend and aervant, 
London^ 27 May I G97 . Tuo, Smith. 

Upon a r^new of wh&t T hare written, I am eoneemed to add, 
thatif theabovementioned Rmpernur LudovicuK nhould prove tho 
»on of Tjothariiis, and grand-Ann of Ludovieus Piiin, then Goth- 
bftldu* will not bee so old by forty y^re-^. For the 15Lh yenre of 
this Ludovieus ii. is coneurrevit with the yetfue of Chrnt nccc.LXX. 
The difficulty might he «olved by the number of thn yrar« of the 
Indiction mentioned in t}ie grant, if T had Inxure to exnmino thij 
chronologicfill ninety. 

I casilv eondude, that the three Manuficripts in tlie Archive* of 
Arrhbiahop I^nil, were given him by one or ottier, who purchaaed 



Fth^m of A Swet^diitli nolHlvr, who, it may bee, pillng*i(1 thi* library 
halongitig to the Church of Wurtzburg^ dunnj; the warn in Gt;r« 

Fm Mr, Htjmfrry Wnnley, 9t 
Umvenrity C-ollcgc* 

in Oxford, 

7- Hnmbcrttis seu Hubertus eligitur pridic CHlcnctas Januaqj, 
831. PrKfuil annb 9, trihus meiiKibua, octo diebus. Ob. S4I» 
LMbBDBe Martio. 

8. Godcboldiu vulgo Goaujialdus, Abbas infcriorw AUacbij, pcr- 
- ten«nbilj!i ocenobij apud BavaroK^ vocatur primo Aprilis anno Sll. 
Pmfuit II aimiA. Obijt in vigilia S. Matthei»anno 85i. 


Dr. Thotn4u Smith to Mr, Waniey: on ike history o/ Burcartlut 
Mshcy of tVtrtxhw^g, Rtftaee io icnd tVanicy the ^cttt volume 
of Saxon Charters fnov AVGCS^'VS L) from the Cttttonian lAb- 
rar^. //i* ^wn intmthn of pMhttshing the Saa:oH Charttrt in 
the Cottonian ColkdUtn. 

*t* Wiftler'tiiurvcr U> tbi« t^drr, datrd Jijn< '.'(1, Iti^Tp U priolvd jimoiic the 
Letten fioin ibcUodlekn Llbnr?, ttvo. Load. 1413. vol, L pp. m, n\. 

Mr. fl^anlcy^ 
I am very glad, that upon the little and imperfect hints I gave 
yoo, (there being no puVhck Library of any value in this u>wne» 
the wont pf which is one of the great blenunlies of it,^ to have re- 
course tOf) and that upon uiy susgcstinK to you, that you otisht 
to consult the Scriptoreg rtrum Gtrmanicnrnm (tho* iKiv you teQ 

V^nrjA wiB tbat of fiioa CaUcEa b<lo«fliiM( to tlto Londvn Clcrgr' 


mee that you had consulted them before, vhxdi I do not alitde 
wonder at, rejecting on the contents of your former letters,) yoQ 
have been able to fix the time when those two Bishops of Worti- 
burg lived, for which you eeeme so mightily concerned. In order 
to your fuller satisfaction 1 will adde a few things more. 

When Burchardus is said to be the first Bishop of Ilerbipolkj 
this must not be understood to the prejudice of S, Kilianus^ who 
had been Bishop of that city above one hundred yeara before, but 
onely with reference to S. Bonifacius, Bishop of Mentsi, our coun- 
tryman, and knowne by the name of Winfred or Wilfrid {for it la 
written both ways), who converted the Germans, relapsed, it may 
bee, in that intervall, into their former Heathenisme, bdog over- 
run and opprest by their gentile neighbours ; or rather subjected 
them to the jurisdiction, discipline, rites, and manner of divine 
worship used in the Roman Church, which is called in the Annales 
Franconim, published by Lambecius by way of addition to those 
set forth by Petrus Pithocus at Paris A. 1588, ad fidem redam et 
religumem ChrUtianam, a qud diu aberraverani, converters Now it 
is most evident from indubitable authority, that this Bomfiuuos 
constituted and ordained Burchard Bishop of Wurt2burg A-Chr< 
746: from which time the succession of those Bishops has been 
made out by other authors besides those formerly mentinned, 
who have made it their particular study and busines to pve an 
accompt of the original and foundation of the Bishopricks of Ger- 
many, with a catalogue of their severall Bishops from those first 
times in the succession of several ages, such as Gaapar Bnischius 
in his book de episcopatibus GermanitKj and especially Gabriel 
Bucelinus in his Germania aacra, to which 1 refer you, if you 
shall judge it worth your paines to calculate accurately the times 
when those two Bishops lived, and how long they sat in that See : 
which I take to be a fruitless curiosity, and little to your purpose. 
But bee that as it will, it does not belong to me to prescribe. 

As to what concemes the other part of your letter, I must take 
leave to write freely to you, that I am extremely amazed at your 

Lferrsnv or kuinkxt t.t¥-finARv msn. 



t of having the book of the chartcm of the Swon King* 
(whidi 1 know not whether 1 did well to c&ll mil of Uicm original, 
Eome of vKich 1 know tuiA am prove to lie forj^d,) sent down to 
Oxon^upon amor€ than siniflc acrorapt. Truly if the monntiine 
OUinoC come to Mahomet, Miihomct must condescend and be 
content to go to the mountainc. I )>ct4Lcrc, that that curious and 
inraluablf booke was never lent out of the houne since tlie Col- 
lection was tirst made, no not to Mr. Selden, nor to Sir Willtam 
Dogdalc, cho' they had tlie free u»c of the library as much aa if 
it bad been their owue: and for my own part 1 was forced to use 
it there, and to j^ downe to Westndn»ter, tho* tndiftponed, nnd in 
all weathers, when 1 mude thjit liaaty and imperfect extmcC of it, 
ritJiout so much as presuming to bee favoured with the use of it at 
my lodfifing, which would have been at that time a ^eat eoac and 
advantage to mee. 1 hecleive aUo^ that by all the interest which 
you liave in the man in whose lodging^ you are, you would not be 
able, iho' I should desire it, to procure that a book or two bee 
lent ine out of the Muiieum Aahmoleanum, much less out of the 
Bodleyan Libmy; which, besides other convenienccH, would save 
me the expense and trouble of a JDurncy to Oxon ; nor indeed could 
1 obtain leave of mysclfc to make such a request of the Vice- 
Chanceltor if the thing were feiu<ible. Besides ycu could not pos- 
sibly forget, when you wrute your letter, by referring to my pr^ 
face, in which I mention several other Charters of the Saxon 
Kinge in the boxes of the Ubrary (which I am fully satisfyed* 
that no man now alive knew of hut myvelf, I made the discovery) 
tliat tlio' 1 did not make an absolute promise of publishing those 
Charten^ and the formes of the old letters found in thera, and in 
other antJent bouVs : yet as I hjtd at that time, so nr>w nt this pre- 
sent 1 have the same designe and nrsolution to publish them with 
sevcnd other pieces of antiquity, when a fit opporturity shall pre- 
sent itself. Hut t)ni> I say upon a supposiition, that if by Uie mis- 
fortune of the times I be driven out of London* or be hindered by 
the infinnityes of my a^, and the other circumstances of my Ufe» 



from perfbrminj^ tliose serious intrntions, I »h;il! then rehdUy and ' 
williu^ly devolve tbat work upon you- In the mcanc while yuu 
would do well to examine ftnd transcribe what ever is of this nature 
in th€ publick Library where you nre 6xcd, and where you bave 
■uch h«ppy opportunityes Qf studr, which 1 believe would take up 'i 
more time than you may at first icoagine, without seeking for mate- ^| 
rialU abroad ; and after thia, wbcii I see that to JinbU your ^reat ^^ 
uudeiiaking ynu have procured charters and other records and mo- ^^ 
Duments of antiquity out of the Library of St. Jameses, of Lam- ^| 
betb, and of Corpus Cliristi College in Cambridge (and why not, 
to make your ijook absolutely perfect, out of the Tower of London, 
or Exchequer at Wcatminstcr;) it will be a great motive to prei-ail 
with Sir L Cotton to comply with your request, and a much 
grenter witli mee, 1o give up wholly into your hands the credit of 
such a vsst undcrtflking/ Consider well your own strength, and 
what burden you are able to beans that you may not sirike under 
it. Consider also, to apply tJiat of Horace, 

Quid deceat, quid non : quo virtus, qui> fcrat error. 
And as I allow you to have a good optnioii of ^urselff ao tlie 
friendship which I prufestN to have with you, prompU nice to advise 
you, not Ut grsApc at too much, and to tliink as wellof oU^cr men's 
industry and unUcrsftituding us your owiic. If you take sniisN nty 
free wajr of wntliL); in this particular matter, perchance you will 
wrong youmelf; but if you UiJukc UiuL it proceeds from ajiy dis- 
trust I have of your or unwillingness to oblige you in what I may 
or can, you will extremely wrong mee. For I assure you that I 
have a great value, lespect, and kiti<Jt^e:i for you, and am 

Your true friend and servant, 
London, 8 June 16$7> Tuo. Smith. 

For Mr. Ilum(rey Wanley, 
at University College 
in Oxford. 

• Tidt or pablithtac « T^otiiie os th« laiknu Cbusctcn of Muutcripu : s moik 





/>. Thcmat Smith to Mr. tVanley, On /Ap earliet/ J^p^ymrtw <^ 
Sax^n rcriiinff kfH>um in England, ^tpeaal/tf the Charleit at C^m* 
terinay^ niitk^ thr pian of Hyhtcr^^ Fip^tfra no/ wufficientf^ 

[Hwl MS. 3TAi. trt. AO. Onff.] 


1 &<ttef m it -ilmojct a pirn* of rtOiginn nx wril sit eiviUly miH good 
minniT*, to ftnmrer a11 Uttcra written either by fripndu or stning^fs, 
CspAcially if (hey contain TiknUern of Wming and (-ttrioftity, which 
I may £urly aiul iWi-utl)- prt-tnul tr> utidrrKbtnil : uhich [ itllt-ge. 
that ytin rrttty not give n'ny to Any itl nnd nnjui^t: «u«pic!inn of my 
horing neglertetJ or sligKl«Ml your correftpoiKienee h^ my delay. 
For you must know thut 1 hnvi* buninesn «nd -ttudye to purnue, 
when my hejihli prrmitu, which tnktu npmy thoughtji and myt-im«^ 
[ is wi4 A« ymi have, nnd nm not nlwais in r humour to writer when 
rtiiere is no necessity, iho* the UuuMe would he over, and the ohJi- 
[ption ibitiiifyad in n few minute-K. Now you have cxplfiiucd your- 
•c^lf mon- hiUy Ahoiit t.rnring out the ditferent shapes and fignnt- 
tions of letters in several RgM of the u'crld, ha fjur an oiarhle tiio* 
numeiiTSj ptirchmentflr i^nd ni^dulN will reach, I idmll liec* very glad 
to nxniKC you m thr mrrying of it on to thnt exftrtnoji yon fiime nt. 
But « to the characters used by our Snxon anrestors, I mcflne the 
noBt juitient, tJie Cottonrnn Lihntry will ufTord you hut tittle help, 
LFor tho' tJiero is there, a« now pv<?ry Imdy knowe*, an excellent 
collection of Saxon monument*, yet fnrr antii'titer are to he iiwt 
with eUewhere, particidarly At Cambridge^ of the guift of Archhi* 
fthop Pnrkerj and in the muniment house belonging to the Catli4V 
idral Church of CAnterhurir. For notwithxtanding that the nionkn 
of the neijthbouring monastery of S. Atiguntine'i were guilty of 
forging old charters for base and unworthy ends (and the like 
chtrge lyev justly againvt otliera of the lame religious profession) 
yet I am most auQr«d that tho chartem ^iT t\\v antirnt Sjixon Kings 

CAUD. aoc. 

2 K 

V* 21^r i^^ <«7iui*iiii^ El tut uortft \f ltf> 2« 

j^*^#Ht^n %/ ^iu»iif** rt fivA >««w^ VIA i MHiau in 'n i«c^ 4hc ib- 

_r4A^-«.4 n>^»^ V'^-^TV ^ '.strt^ rj*^ 4tt T*£ •PWO' VlCFjI *aH*?*"^ ""' 3L^ X 

f r — • 

^ *>^. \Mt<^t^0i^A *A,MfwiUrf\ u mtjdxi}T Tcrrsz^acLl^ Sac toq 

Uv tAf^it^jr^ M la tiifti, 'ytVirr ^itire UmpIc <*f tte Gospdt vriaea 1 
M**rf, *>-* fM4t, f^xt., \fy H, KaJfridiu, * di«ctpfe rf St CoeIiIhi^ 
k4.4 itt*** wm6% h9% %urj-fM%ttf \u t\^. wbt of lindis&mc, vfusc dtt- 
f/f/ijr^M k4». *rMU%^ffAuthfj «ijrpmirjf(^ and rcry artificialhr fbnned; 
1^4^4*4 *'/f/> f«Y l^,/fk» /o'/r*:, f'rr whjcti foa are to consult dw c&- 
f^l//tf'/A-. A* UtM ff^i'tt-Mi /if my friend, Dr, Bernard, when bee w«« 
^fttrfff*nH( hm 'tW/ttih Uttt^rkrin, I rarrfullj^ transcribed for him an 
tt^fthki^i of ihi'. iUf4'.U rUftfHt'Untf M tbef lye in the book of 
Ut^tirnint Hir'i Ui ihf. ffhiiuif.uiit of the fiofipells. So that yon viH 
t'ttti iuiU^, iUkl yitu ariT Ui f%iH'vX no j^reat matter, as to this designe, 
uu fhu ti'iw*HitMu tif from thin library : but yoa are to seeke elae- 
mUfttt^ bill iif llil* you will hec the best judge upon an ocular 
iii*\ni:iUnt wUi^tt y<tu I'oinn iii-xt U* town. Hitherto I have not 
fui'\ wiMi aijy thlri|{ <-f|uull Ui luivttra) |)iecefl of Antiquity printed by 
Mabillrji) iit hi* rMOMthM(u-lh^Mtbinpk*'deUedipIoroatica:" buthow- 
nvi-f 1 uUuuUl linf^Uil ro Hm^xlftiit a collection of what wee have in 
IC»(k]hm<I whinli IN truJy iintienl : hut thia work must bee reserved 
fur hrlti^r tiiium, and iudpcd in not haatily to bee attempted by any 
tiMii *ltt||lii iwrnon if it br* done an it ought, both for the honour of 


leflmin;:^, and the honour of the Nation. Mr, Rymers do«tgnc 
(about which he is now employed, and for the carr>']iig on vrhich 
hee lias tiic cncoaraicement of the Government, with an ample pen* 
ftion, under the title a[id qualifii'atioit of Hiittoritjgnphus Rej^ius) 
tlio' highly and truly laudalile. does not fully come up to whit I 
pri>po&e, and wish were done ; fijr hee only will take in the Uiplo 
tnata of our KingH and Princes, thdr cotitcmporarycs and nllyev, 
with the hulls of Popes, for these four or five hundred ycarcs last 
past, bcinfi such a worke aa the " Codex juris ;i;cntium diploma- 
ticus/' puhliahed by my excellently learned Monsieur Leibnitz, 
chierty out ttf the Archives of the famous Library of Wolfenhultel, 

» about four yeares rince, and as the six volumes of Puhlick Acts 
and Charters relating to the Kingdome of Franco, not long since 
printed at Paris. You see when I write t<i you, tbo' 1 alwues write 
in hait> I can scarce lay any restraint upon my running pen, con- 
traiy to my intention, when I 6r»t take it in hand: and 1 hope 
that from these tedious excursions, and this familiar way of vriting* 
you will be the more easily induced to beelleve that 1 am, 

Your very assured friend and semint, 

Tbo. Smith.' 
London 3 July I69J. 

For Mr. Humfrey Wanley 
at University Colk'gc 
in Oxford. 

• HauithiTj Wulcj> ADtwvr to thb Latter, datcid Jiiljr Hh, 1631, U prtLiEEd in 
U» Lcttcn from the BodtafAB Libnrj, toI.Lji. 83-87. 

252 ^ITTKK* ow mamzTtw uttz^amy vks. 


Dr, Th&mfiM Smith to Mr, fVmUey, On the /ommdaikm CJkarfer ^ 
Crf/y land A ffht^, and tfther forged Charttrt^ OMcribtd to the Smxum 
time, Mahiltf/n not atteaya to he relied vpim trhem endeatomriMg 
to ^linffuM genuine from folMe and spmrtota French eharivw. 

Since the receipt id your Letter of the 5th inttant, I hare care- 
fully penued the pietended original foundation Charter of the Mo- 
ita*Urr>' of Croyland, hearing date in the DCcrvi yeare of oar 
LfOr<l*A incamatlufi : a^^mst which I hare flcvcrall just exceptionft, 
to<» many and Uxj long to bee here enomeratect It is written in* 
deed in Haxon charaetcrA, and is exstant in Ingolphus, and thence 
faultily printed in the fir«t tome of the Monasticon Ai^Ucanum: 
but this does no way hinder, but that it might bee forged in the be- 
ginning of the eleventh century, or, it may bee, about the time of 
the Xonnan Ci^nqueHt^ or at least not long before, when the Bene^ 
dictine Monks were so busy to trump up old charters of exemp- 
tions and privileges, thereby to free themselves from the Jurisdic- 
tion of the BishopM, and their lands ab omni onere teadari^ as the 
usual] phrase is, tho' here in this Manuscript Charter it is written 
tectilL I do not lay this heavy imputation upon all the charters^ 
which pretend to antiquity : nor did I say, as you mistake, that 
most of those which are preserved in the Cottonian Library are 
spurious and counterfeit, when I acquainted you that I bc^n to 
doubt whether I did well to call them 07-iginalU : for they may bee 
authentic and true copyes, I meane many of them, transcribed six 
or seven hundred ycarea since, the names of the witnesses of the 
royal grants, as wcl as those of the severall kings, their founders 
and benefactors, being written with the same hand : besides other 
arguments drawn from the figure and shape of the letters, style 
and phrase of the Latine^ the accompts of time, the matter and ar- 



gmnent of Ute graints them«cLre«, with otbcr p^rHoiUriiT which do- 
Berve & n>o»t vcriomi And punctuall exatninatioii. It is v«>ry diffi- 
cult to fix And cstnbitili ci>rtain rulea or wirv^fA to dratin^uiBli g^ 
nuint! iiid uutlif iitick clmrt^rs frum falio nnd npuriouit : and herein, 
&« to the French cliartert, Miibillon Imn Iftboiirod not altogctlicT un*- 
»uooe«ifu])y : tbo' it mui^t hac alwAin rom«>inbredt that heo U hiiwftcd 
too much by his education nnd vow^ &iid by the lore and conoeme 
vhich he bciirei far the honour of hiit own Order, and therefore itot 
to bee trusted upon hit bnrc word without tho wnrrant of good 
reason atid jiiat authorit}'. But to pretend to do thia, as to oar 
KngliKh Chortem, except where the mnrkE of the fot^ry or*.' very 
plaine and visible, un tbcy arc in scvcrallj I mcano to do it wiuely 
uid accurately, without visiting the CathodndU, where nach are 
atiU rcamyning, and the houfi«*i of Noblemen and Gentlemen who 
arc poisessora of the writingn, nit well an of the landa of tlie monav' 
teryes of the old fourkdataons^ (for what it contained in the Cot- 
Ionian Liljrary in the hrund booke of Charters, is now known to 
every body, ^ivho will took iuto the CotnlogiiG, and which I have met 
with in a particular box hitherto not known, shall one day bee 
e<|ual]y obvious;] and without uainggrcatcircuni>pcction and judg- 
ment, would bea ra&b undcrtitkirE;, and it must bo a worko of time 
and diligence : and I ahould be glad^ if hereafter, when you shall 
bare quaUticd yourtclfc with neociiiitirily provtouit studyea, you 
were employed about tti and it may bee when God shall roueh- 
Hafc to send us better times, and 1 live to sec them, I may bee your 
friend to f^ood purpose in thia aBiiire. Sed 4e fttturo continffmti 
jtulla est detfrminfitio, 

1 am KurpriKcd to hc^ir that Dr, Lnngbaino should bee to mi<< 
taken> as to call the ordinar)* square character, not above four hun- 
dred year* old, by the name of Lomb:trdic. CcrUiinly a ptrson of 
Ilia great learning t^oald not fall into such a gross error : but tbin ia 
to bee determinef) by comparing them with bouka of genuine an* 
tiqutty, of the same eharacterf of which I bdieve stUl upon n moro 
dibgciit search, yon wil find tluit you have several in tlie Publick 




Library, I have described ihe raost anticnt booka in the Cotton- 
ian ljbrar^\ eiUier in the Catalogue, or in tl>e Hittory, to vrliicb 
I RkUflt Tcftr you ; tnd h^ve not leisure to scud you specimens of 
their writing (to ptiblUh which must hee my province) ; and if I 
had, it would het of little use to you in what you dtsigne about 
the Bodieyan library. 1 Am, 
Your very affectionate Friend and fterrant, 

Tuo- SuiTu. 
London, !5 July 1697- 
For Mr. Humfn?y Wnnley 
ftt Utiiv^Tsity CoUi^ 
in Oxford. 


Z>r. Th&MOs SmiiA to Mr, !Faniey, siiU vpon the difficulty <if 
oMcertMiniuff the atitAfni$eiijf <if Saron Charifrt. The Lt>miardie 

LlUrL MS. 3789. ut. AS. OnfJ 

*,* Dr. Snhlk ^Dabto tn tKb ud the pncvdiBf Letter i^Hber b* £i nil t* ddl 
c««iiaCbartamortLeSuoptbHOi%Ana»nrtt»rilMUMAbaatMdrcrwCoflai, Ihe 
UBd of (he wiitataf Ut the rojaJ §nMit hang vntUo wilh tht mom h«ad, iii4 thv 
•criba not iddfaic hb own nauif bv wny of dtUviaboA, 8ot lUi *«« tbt pnrdc* of Iho 
SttXODt lad mi ^oatlaaRl tliroiigb the Normio tUnc 

11w •tftor of Ihit Tolume ouw ud viit ^oHfUal Letter on iiillBiii,«f lh« rvio oT 
John, frooi WiQiun dt Airmn^tin mnA kli nuOirr CMilf. 10 ViUhua Eiti •£ W«rrtn, 
WiUkm d« AUiiai EarJ of San«i. uid Gilbcn 4c AqniU. rv|UMtiiif thua to b« bH- 


WlOia do Abrincta, or AvierendicaH oa< ol cbe rebcUIOM fauowt tw r^wr a prt w er la 
A«l7Ar«v «r JebBfafioqb«i«atC<«ll<, «Len«Wwv«wmT«dt*r«ftC«lW k 
D ow t ti hi H, TheU^t fBbB««c&tlmTehimkuhlicrtT^Macoadillaaofp«TwftA 
ruttov, Ioniwuoii0]r1apator|ittjtiieat of vhJch,b«tiidbb»olUrC«ci!jMU ikc 
MU0r«f a«U0D ik 8a«a. i«iff Serfotd, to the ibtet «J woak* «l ftob trti ?>ri4ge, 
PvvvfM lo ih« docd of imn^rr bfl«a <rv*v n^, th«T sfttod il>dr •«!• to thk Utttr, 
Ix^khthtytottWpptioriiWrwf !*»■■<.« ttw|*toao*«iMM hA W fM- 



■.VTTBBft OF 1tlflSlE?fT LTTfiRAltY MEN. 



•«nr mt tli« p«Mintb0n ot iht I>f«^, to t\U>w (bear wudm ta MadJ w irilniuHB to U. 
WiUum de AttviicI^ci^ »«J, and kit niotlicr^t, of gttvn wu. wca' apEHMjdvd to thb 

TLe rotlovlng wrre the «xpr«ttian« of ih« Lrtter i 

'^ KulnlnUi DomUii* aui*. dvolno Wllldmo Cumlli Vvmnto, domino Will«ln» 4t 
AvbcHio Contli S — Miw, ^mtno Ck1ebrrtr> da A^uito. TVilluImm <1# At«r*aflb« «l 
C«adk wftUr ^u«dciDi u1utnD> Quia sd Cafiai fvUndu bu-r do* <t Attbuteia el 
UottK^O* do PonU Kobcrtl vuper min^iio d« Sultonn jmt« Scfoniiun pmcntiim n*- 
tnok hiibtn ttaa potDknum, p'ccanmr el (jf/njio mifiinut^ ut d« Cnrtit aoatrit la c|iiibu4 
obaewUircm oblfaeadtja loite«e*tU Juert|Hl. tat«k cue trliltt^ VtJ<rlr.'* 

tir Rmry EUU prewDitd tb« origlnaJ. «t hi* i«^uojil, ti> Uie Lilc Ucnr; Ptcria, Bftq. 

Mr- Wanley, 

Y<mr> of tiic 2JSth of July was brouglit mcc four or liw daya 
nncc by Mr. Bagford, fthitosc a Full month after the d&Le of it. I 
am refuly aiid wilUni; to ubUgtr uiy iji^CEiLoua Artiat or BooLiellcr, 
aa wcU as jimfciucd Schiilor and Gcntlcmao, wiili tlic ?iiglit of nny 
OuriofiitTr oa f ar oa I luay or can ; buthoircTcr, I prayv for tlic future 
lue cart aiid t-uutioa in your rvcomiuciicLatioua. 

It ii» no saiM diflirulty rightly and truly to fix tW buBincsa of 
ers. I haie acqua^Eitcd }oo foruicrty, that the iuuuch of all 
the witjwtutfa, aa well ua uf Lti« Kin^ the founder of tlie ChuruJi or 
Momurtcry, in the Saxon Cliariera in Llic Cotttfiiiui Lihrury, unj 
written with the Hame hand : which power if ihcy should j^ratit to 
any auribe (which will be hut grntin dictum, aud aflinueU without 
any just aothonty) rj:pr<;ially wht'U wti\\ wre nuL in unv, it iin;urH 
the great nmphcity 4>f thtn« timeH ; Uuh supposed Scribe not adding 
his own Dame in way of nttcstaUon^ or making any kind of im- 
premon^ mark, or charftctcr» m ia the pnuTtirc ui our jnihUc Nota* 
ryoSf whereby it may bee di^tinguisihcd from a count«;rfcit copy, ot 
may bee proved hi after tiroefi, whcit tboro persona were all dead, to 
hvc nn onginnll ; for Ut licleive tliat cvvn then iher^ irtvre xevernll 
eannttii; feUowev, un<l wickcil ea^ui^li too to forge Jiuch kind uf tdJ 
writinga for their base interest and advantage, and to charge thia 
home upon the Monks, especially about the eleventh century, it will 


bo no unkind, much less nnjust reflexion upon the innooency erf 
those times, or the profession of those religioos who found, if not 
all the pleasures, at least all the conveniences of life in a Cloister. 
Bee it so or otherwise: no certain judgment can bee past upon 
Cliarters, whether authentic or genuine, I meane, where the signes 
and marks of their forgery do not evidently appeare; and to lay 
down rules to guide one in his judgment herein will bee very diffi- 
cult, til the Saxon Muniments in the Archives of the Metropoliticall 
Church of Canterbury and elsewhere, which at present wee are to 
believe to be unexceptionable, as to their genuine antiquity, shall 
bee carefully and severely examined: as I thinke I have written to 
you formerly. 

The Lombardic Character ( so called, not because first used by 
the old Langobardi, much less invented by them^ but because it 
was mostly in use when they broke into Italy, and which conti- 
nued for sevcrall ages after they were masters of that rich and 
fruitfull country, called by their name,) admits of great variety, and 
IB shaped more or less elegantly according to the different d^rees 
and measures of skill or industry of the copyers, who sometimes 
grew wanton in their flourishes and disguises of letters : and in the 
maine is nothing else but a variation of the old Roman character, 
not owing so much to the irruptions of the barbarous nations out 
of Scandinavia, as to time, and chance, and the common vicissi- 
tudeS of things: customs, and habits, and modes of speech and 
writing being in perpetuall flux, and giving way one to another, 
So that you need not wonder, if what se^'erall learned men have 
called Lombardic characters, bee not altogether like or exact in 
every stroke or tittle. 

1 hope tins letter will bee so satisfactory as to pat a atop to alt 
further enquiryes about these matters, unless you have some new 
tiling to propose. For to write the same over and over, whether 
done by you or mee, wil be alt<^ther unnecesaavy> not to say 
tadious* So tliat we must be content, to let our coire^kondence 



Dp for the prcsoDl, til) tbcro Bhall hnppcn a jast and good occft- 
iton of k««|nog it up o^lnc* 

1 Mill 

VooT very offcetioruto ftiend suid Mrrant, 

Tuo* SMtrii. 
London, $4 Aug;. 1697. 

For Mr- Hamfror Wanley, 
at Unircmity (College 
in Oxford. 


H^anteff to Dr. CharUU^ Czar Peter's prtMtnts. tVaulejf vUitM 
tht EjTCheqttcr Records- Dr. Smithy Sh- Jo^n Cotton's Librarian. 

Honored Sir, London, April the 30*S IC^. 

I just now received your very kind Lcitcr> Iiaving dined with 
Mftdumc Istcd to day, wliere your health went over & over, I 
will wait on the Dr., nnd if you had been plni^VI to liave given me 
order* I would liave been at Oxford btrf«n- now, for bis %akct *nd 
r«tuni'd )iidi4:r with him ugain. His Master (the C»ar) gnvo the 
kings ncrvnnts, at bis cIcpBrture, a bundrod ami twenty gutncasi, 
whidi was more than tliey des^rve^lf ibey boing very rurlc tn him \ 
but to the King ho prcscntrd a rough Ruby, wliirli the greatest 
Jewellers of AmstcrdAm (ae well Jews ilh C)iri»liwi»l valufJ at 
£10,000 sterling ; 'tis bored ihro', and when it's cut and polished^ 
it miut be MTtupoD th€ to{> of the Imperial Crown of England. 

VcBtcrday (at ihir Cotton Library) I niet wilb Mr. ClianiWrhtm 
(»ou to ibt Dr.; acourrcouv, modesty & learned Oonlleman,with Mr, 
Holmes, clerk to Mr. Pttii ; we never saw one another beJore, and 
yet he waft pleaa'd to entertain so good an opinion of me at first 

CAMD, aoc. 2 1. 



idghfcf that ho wouli^ n^c<U \inxr- me <)inc with him, which I did ; 
hU lodgings hcing Tiot two hiindn-<l ynrdft from mine: there be 
entertatned me very kindly^ &c. >Voai th«ncp wo vent to the 
Eiftliequer, wWre 1 was introdru-ed lo Mr. Ijp. Nere, who TCftdily 
9ihf*WT*d mr. Dootnitdft^ Jinnk ; thn rnntiniintinn of it in a lesser 
volume ; the aritient Copy of them; the Kpe Roll ; unth thr hWk 
ftfid Ted Bookw i*f the Rxehe<|uer: and we promi^d to mcctnll 
together thin night, which 1 have not been nhlc to do (eomp&ny 
coming to see me), hut wroij* u note to exfruse myself. 

When I rt-ttimed to S' John's, in lh« oflernooii, tUe maid told 
me thnt Dr 8mUh Imd been there since I 'ciTnt (I had met him a 
little hefore in Westminster Hall. & saluted him, which he retiim***! 
very coldly}, that the Doctor was in a great rage H my being 
tlicre, that he had Inolccil into my hooks, ^ wax then more angry 
than before: that ho chid her severely for letting me into the 
Library, and m&king it common; and vowed to write St John 
about it that nighty with much more to that purpose. Tlie maid 
(being ray fncnd] advised mc to go %o Dr Smith and talk with 
him> which T did; and as I went, I considered that the Dr bad 
three oecusions to think hardlv of mc: one from Madnm Bor- 
iiftrd's good word of mc, who i« angry that I did all in my power 
(one WAy or other ) to help her off with above £400 worth of her 
}>ooks. Anolber that the Dr. i* jealous of my copying X^tten 
from MSS. And the third \e, that I did not apply myeelf to him 
ifi the Brst place, which wa* tho greatest provocation- Whan I 
camu to his lodging*, ncixr Soho, he was gone out I thought 1 
muHt nccilii prevent hie writin*- to S'John ; and tJi^rcfore f)um< 
moning up all ihc powera of rhetorick I wa« matter of, I wrote 
hin^ an humble and very Bubaii«airc Letter j all ia his own utile; 
that in, 1 called the library a venerikble place ; the Hooks sacred 
relic)ue« of Antiquity; &g. with half a doKvn tautolo^iea: which 
had so good eflTect on him^ that he cam4> to my Lodging* to day 
(when I woaat Mrs. latwl'a} and left void, th4t 1 had free admit- 



\ce to tbc Pl&c© ; that he desired mc to oomc ftnd e^ hiru any 

day ftt 1 1 a dock ; and accmfid e^ctiymely pleased Vp-itb, 

rerereiid and honored Sir, 

Your moHt faithful 

& humble servant, 

HuMrRST Wanuby. 
?orthc Kevercmi IVCharlctt, 

^falAt<>^ of Univcrsitv College, in 


humhly pr«s«nU 

Maurice Thompson, fniTick. 


Waniey to Dr. Charktt. Sir Jcbn Cvtton^s hi/cniions resprrting 
the Library* The Cotton JldaHutcript ^f the Book nf Grtu^gis. 

[Billard'a LvUcn, toI. mil. p. SB, Orif.) 

Honored Sir> lA»ndon» Ihlay the 13^ I69d. 

I most hunihly Ibaufe you for your Inst kind letter^ by wiiich I 
onderatand timt I used the word feagiMf^ to the Vic^^-Chancellor. 
I hare no Copy of what I v-Tote ; hut so far as I rememhcr, I meant 
DO more than that Huch a thing iti/f a jribfCf or potnhk to de doruj 
or brought to past* 

What intimations I have had of Sir John's love to tlic UniTer- 
sity I luul from his own Servatit, who told me (under tlie rose) 
of the n-ritings to settle the Library upon the heir; and that S' 
John talked of giving the Grttk Genftn* ^^ to the University. If it 

* Tike maaloJiof lUa curloai Votomc arc vtill pmcrrAd under cbc fireu-mjirlr Otho 

B. ITIp tq Iks CoVloniiB LLbrtry. Tbo fotliririu;r ^^' ^^'^ Acooimt of it fonrcrlj w ritm 

tifan the ftnt leaf hy Dr. Rubofd Jamc*. Sir Robert Colton'i e4ilic»t LtjrarUa : 

** liber GeacVMi pvlchfmaiii fifiirid illutnioiila*, zi uiliijuuiimu lilrrif capiUJibui, 
•vie qnataoH^En AUt rirciler ornEcnvi Ranonitn rxirstuii; (|upm dr PbilLppli In 
jLagUiB RG«ui talcmai dvi Gnrconun Epiicopl urmrortbui llcortd odaii, ri dono 




^Picta' LftngUAgc, prove to be Irinh: and H^c books in liUerit 
I luf^iunc/tff, arc only in & good big liantl, not in capital Letters. 
Por the reverend U' Ctuirlctt, 
Master of University CoUegc, tn 




[Btllir<l'* LotCrn, vol. nil. p. -la Orig,] 

nonorfjd Sir, l^ndon, \fny 2I», 1(>9A, 

Your Ust mo:^t welcome & kind Letter ntme safe; bringirig 
hlon^ with it tlio pleaMkr>g aAfttiritiice of my ronliiiiuLuce in your 
grncc and favour: a Imppinr^n nf whiHi I am truly M^nsibtej & 
know bow to value accordint^ly. Dr. lientley cpves ine nizuiy fiite 
vord)», and I ]n>pe noni<'tinio tlic next week (o take him without 
an exeuAe.* \» for Domesday-book 'tU a moat nobl« record ; as 
aU(i tlir Pipe-Roll of tlie Islyeairof King John: th«y are both kept 
in thcEiclKrqiwrj&I mnyusclhcm about tfircc hours in » day, but 
the noise and burry is such^ that 1 shall find roore distuvbance there 
tban aiiy vhere eUe ; my business being not ho much to tmn* 
acnbe a few lines from tbem.. a» to copy tlieir fteverol hoiids 

On Saturday 1 must wut on S^ John ChardJn, at his house in 
Tottenham Green, by hii appointment : 1 escpect to find there the 
true Iberian, Gaurian, & Kuphic ]Gtler«> which I never yet kiwi 
we have indeed some little tbtngt printed in Uie Iberian (or Georgian) 

• WtokjrU AocoiMt of hli acc««* Co th« ILojt\ CoUertlon, iiibB«qu«nll]r atUiood, U 
priatcd in thm Lvllrn tt^nt lh« Bud^cin Ltbrarjr tuI. i. p. SX dalrd Mnf 3C. 16D8, 
" Honorei Sir, 1 ht^c il Icnitih t^i iht V kti t f^rrrci good humuur, lod lUkt d«j 
bcfiM lo tohc ■ fpDfiiuen of the Al««tidfmii 3IS. Hic D' DAdtf mc dluc with hiBli 
ami imM m* a^Eb the crMtol liindottu/* 

vKTtmms or bmitibxt laTmsAST hkx. 

Amtmtimr, bat 1 dny« lore to fatve recoone to the faantttB- 
bttdr the vril «Tit1«a MftmoMnptiL 

I mm iDUfl^ tnmbled ftt my Tutor'a dcfttfa, who always carried it 
like a gentlennn to me. 

Sir, 1 newrr yvt oflEmd to inloinaicldle with the CciO^e aAm, 
tmt thftt lore mnd revpeict I hsre for tny worthy frirrui M' D«- 
n'uon, a good nefaoUr, and otherwise a peraan of ^reat merii^ I 
htunbly eooeelre may obbun my pttrdon, if 1 should only prvtune 
to put you in mind thai lie is a Vorluhire-Dkaa, qoalified ( or msy 
noon be ao] to succeed M^ Siser, & in all probability, Ek«ly to 
become an omunent to our CoUe^, UniTernty^ h. Nalaoa* 

I saw n' Rmy to day (who sendn yoo hi> bambfe acraoe) ; be 
telb me that my Lord of Cor. and LidiGeld ia at EeAahsll in 
Stafibffdshire' I will -irritf to my Lord this poti, ta rcconunend 
tne to the Bp. of S^lUhury {% lover of Andqiiitie*)j aod will 
eniJcAvoar to gvt thii reconuneadatioo back*d by uy Lord 
ArchbP aiid the B^ of Norwich t tLl> cut do m« oo ham, and mty 
poobaso^ one way or other, prore bmelicial to, 

honored Sir, 

Yoor erer dtitifu] 

& most faithful Sertnxtt, 



WanU^f to Dr. CkarteU. t>eMcrihe§ a Greek Mu$U^I Mmm9tw^, 

mhieh he Ka^i r^e^tdif/ ywcha^^ 

Honored Sir, LoimIqii, June IS, !OTH.f_ 

1 c^jinot forbeir sending you wonl of the good fortoiic I hare 

lately bail to ooiapan & Greek Manuw-iipt, vliich cQoUbs the 

Art of Sin^ngf with the names, powers, and (^aractcxs of their 


fbRARV Ml 


[MiuicKt Notei, ill greut variety. Anil a grent C*>llecli(m of An- 

Ltbomsy IlymnE, &c. vet to tiicir M u«ic by the b««t Mant^m of C^n- 

fStmtinopl^i vi intended «nd used to he bu»g in tlieir churches upon 

aU tl>a chief Fe^tivala of th« year. It has Hkewive tl>e Muttical 

part of their common Liturgy, with tl^e Notes; nnd hoth tlicM^ 

not onlv of the later Music of the said MaMtor?^ but very often 

the morv anttent too, u»ed before their times. The niunea of these 

tiaeters prefixed to tlicir Composition ti, fire about threescore in 

'^ftiunber, some of vrhicb T here set down : Germanus, Patnureh of 

Constantinople; Joannes CwcuieloSj Jann. Lanipadarius ; Theodo- 

rue & Agathoii, Coronensett ; ClohuM^ A^allianus, Georgius Synco- 

pdus, Andrrfls Sigerui=; Thcodorun ik Thcophylftctus^ Argyro- 

p«U; Doceianus, EthtcUK, Stamenitzus, Cornelius, Manuel PU- 

gita, Nbcon naona«buiE, Chniloph. M^'stacun, Busll. B&Uitces, 

Jean. Apsa[ttu> ConittAntinuu Gabra^ Xonopi^on, PhnrdibucnSj 

Celadinus^ Manugr^s, Joanne* La^caris^ Manuel Argyropalue; 

, Mnnuel & Con&tantinus, saccrdotett; Joannoa Damascenus, Tho- 

odolue, Gcrfl«iiRus, Marcus ; Longinus tk Macarius, Hieromona- 

chi ; CoDstantinus Jhlujc:ulue, ThcodoruA Coronus Protopsaltca, 

Gooignu Protopsaltes Gani, Mo^chiitnus, Michael Propilua^ Nico- 

Uus ABftOf Jofluines Diaconua^ Syncopulus, Panarctus, Phof^aa^ 

Tboodoraa Catooalong I>emctriuH & David Baidcsdntj Con»taati- 

nas .Vsan, &c. 

1 believe many of their Tcry names, & much more their works, 
migtit bare been long enough unlinown to ua witliout the help of 
this Book. Here is likcwt.ic a sprinkling ef the Maaiv used in the 
C3iurche« of Anatolia, Thesaalonxca, Thobco, & Riiodcs^ beaidca 
that Piece called Utp^^t^^y and other Tracts. 

The MS. was taken fjyim the Turks in plundering Buda, about 
the year 1586, & was aflcrwardn bought by an English Gentleman 
fer ')/., bat 1 lying here at ^n-ut charts cannot afford to sell it so 
ehe^> It i« about three hundred years old, fairly written upon 
cotton paper, taking up above four humlred leaves^ in a lar^ 14^ 
The Book ought to be placed in the Pubtick Library j and if^ 


Snv jou tfe willing to tlunlc d»l tfee Umrenitr vOl 

Dor it, I vtll brin^ H alot^ witli me tKe pext Tc«k : if ftot^ 1 1 

eocin«4i Co put vii^ it hero opoci my own terms * 

R^TVTvnd & hoo ort JSir, 

Vosr MO«t buthfol 

ft obedient S g nmt , 


«Frfi-re, Jl^# A»^ /^bim »tf A^ Q«m> «/ Ont^, cT SC. 


PA | *|ii^ to Mi M ^rf n of Crt Bci^ «4 h^mL rat i- pu tf. My. " Pie 

itani^MJ ^raTtii Till ifTji ili ■ ri^a 1 >1 >fc»i i^ ^ m — 


■tW UitoiiMlj , naff. IrrlirllWfM^dl lU* 
fcnarfj tew |vi «li^ &Bo» lOnrr h— Jti a lia^ it B«^ %r 

C«nm* Ktel vf flBigWT. lo IAS tb« a«f «« 0»aa «h laka ^ cte Tv%^ wAta 
•nipt vH ■ f«tiM «f tJH vtaa4« tA^ca ■> Ab Ittiir «i«v« 

MMicdT<^ kkMBbj^ ^M cf '^TWMwcrtff of Wrfdw B«|f<0«o 

LcOtf ki«hmpriatcJtetioN«tiito»ioba ll»tei-| HhMj «! H^cioL L 
ft»t. «o^iT'*A«dji^WMW«r'lttelttatlin Bftfantk 
f lofc* 90Me a dot iariht ■■tun of Onek trtgri noiiJflii t» 
^MB to lU ra«l^ |Am, vUA b ^ 

Dr, BiMfM ^^afcaa to niprif t^^'»'"^i^t' h^ 
Ao HofWitt CoOflcOoo, wi i« »» H& Ovi 1«U. Tlo tw ToImmo vwo 



ptviof B London OS Ih* peuv. Jn KiniHtr of hh ftfiimj jivt Ita rDnU diiplaj al) tk* 

r ihoo tf pndr, wWu be thougbc it cvoJd do hoiicw to hi« kiogdum or U* fnc&di- 

Hc tbfTiAirfT irut tbi Erl of PortJbad nabamdor lo Pranoe, ta compUinui the Frmcb 

Kiaf I at Kb cipetsc, u vu rrpcrtcd, of elfhcj thouMDd pooad*. In co«iphmmC to 

tbt lBf(« «' l^uif, vlhO bad nvtf ia«v of lecttrt ^baut bb Court, Lurd r^rlUad ca^ 

rM wiib bim u Uo HKrrUrr Mr. Pnor the poet. ifUrvvtiB *a ^joaai fur hi» nrgo. 

, llMiOM al the OQil o/ Qufco Asat'tt miD. Tbc |iir>d« of Lord PoftUnd U foigot 

wl(o « vfUV of )*Hgr U rciMiubcrcd ; lo«, oat of tbo Frtticb «ourbr«» hftHi^ «ltf«m 

bin (bv Acilraa of Lo«b pclnloi Utlie tioUorrof VcnoUlco, cad ukcd in «hat ni*p- 

mm Kiof WiUun'* ««n painUd mt Vbictkall, Prior uawfnd, ■ Uj NoMtr** *«tion« 

' «« lobotMfttvcrr vbrr*, uccfC ia kii o«k ho«*e/ " 

PhHa, Uic ff Aug. lC9fi. 
Mj ^od Lord ui<t \fft.itcr, 
I lukTc vrrittcn one letter to you t<j congrutialftlc you on your 
bonours, one to condok with you, another Ui dunn you, nnJ here 
IB a fourth to thank you. What sliall I <Jo, S^ lo express the oh- 
li^Ationn 1 have to yoa, bc«idcii rc=p«irtuig you atul ol>OTmg vour 
cominai^d* for ever? but I c«ii better think then ^pcak upon thi« 
subject^ and yoa had rather IctL iitc talk of any thing eUc- 

Tlic King of Spain's he«hh is tlic WcAtlief^btsi* u|>on vrhich M 
our pohticians kkok ; a^ that rises or falls, wc look pleasant or 
uneaay. I am ^nd to tell you that I think France is ao much 
a^wcl he ahould dye an wc can be ; and wliat alliances the King of 
£a^land ia making in Gcnnany, and what Aylmcr ia to do in the 
pAfedherranean, are qucationa proposed to me at least twice eyttry 
' dfty. 

TIm Dutch Ambassadors bave been rcocived liero with «U the 
external civility ima^able^ but I do not aec that from thence 
the a^airs of cuinmcrc<: between the two nation* arc more likely to 
be ndjuitcd: one of the Put<;h Commissioner ft told me hbnsclf 
that their last meeting wbji not above half ftn hour, and no way de- 
kwove in any one poinL 

This Court iH gone to ace their monareh a cock-horse at Com* 
I ; I follow OS soon aa my En|ji»h nagga urrirc, and I aliall 
a little have aettled my Lord Jersey. 1 faced old Jiunca ond all 
hu Court the olher day at St. Cloud ; vire GKiUa<dm^ ' You never 
aw such a strange figure aa the old bully is, lean, wom^ and riv'led, 
CAMD. «oo. ? w 



not unlike Nc«I^ the projcctour; the Queen luolcs very roelatw 
rholy, but otherwise well enough ; their equip&gcs arc &U rcry 
rugged and contemptible.* 

I have written to my I-ord Portland artel Mr. Sctfvtary the sunun ' 
of several discourses 1 have had vitli Mr. de Louxuii'* and others, 
or rather they with roc, about the Pension wliich we were to allow 
the Queen : I>o we intend, my dear Master, to give her the fifty 
thousand iK>undH per annum or no? If we do not, I (orratlrernay 
l^ord Jersey now) should be furnished with chicaning answers when 
we are prest upon that point, for it was fairly promised ; that is 
certain : if ^ve do, the giving it openly aiid generously would e»- 
tfibbsh the King a reputation in the mindn of the Frendi, which 
if we gave twice that money to purchase would not, 1 think, be 
bought loo dear, but this is my own sentiment and to my own 
Majftcr, for the rei«t tjute supra uos nihil ad nos. 

Adieu> Master; nobody respects the Chana-Uor of the Eicchequer 
more or lovca dear Mr. Montagu better, then hia old friend aud 
obliged humble Mervant^ 


*«* HiR tut [uir4£n|ih but one in flatH LcClcr, b ripliiiicd bj Uic ntxt p4A«n la 

" Tlie Pcflce \oi Rj*wIp) vru ic*?ompani*!d with two picfct *f iitl«l]i)«1 |fft>Cf«aitj bjr 
th« Kia^ to Iho viilnd family. Hjr tlav nnu. hf^ oblifil luiuHlf tu fiHjr Aftj (hoiwmd 
yottaili » ^r to King Jpinca'A Quecu, Oit plntun la whIcU itie vuijd b«rc bren «n- 
lillffd bad barhuabsni Jird Kla^ uf Enf^Unil- Ly Wm other, ho CDbucntiJ ihjtt cHq 
youTiff »an of Ktnjr Junea should be educated d tVotefltoal ja EbclAnd. aad auocfftl to 
the Cmva dC iht* end of the fthea) presrnt rtiyn." The aulWr of the Utkr pni|)oct 
««i l^uin X IV. Ur mido the ovi^rture or M to KlDg Jtnei, but It iv«i rejrcl^d. 

' 'Pkft bnaiill«tin({ coodiCloD to which Ihej were reduced ia ttmuglj indioitcJ io the 
TnHDlory of King JiUDe«*B ifOOiU luid chattelH, UikcD aXict \\h duth- Among th« 
Plltc beLonKtug to the Baclt-Siiiirt, two Chamber poti arc included. A mcmunnduin 
in th« (Rnrg:in of iho [nffnlury Buys, tbM onr ofthero weiftuns l3oi. 4fr, " «u deli- 
vered to RvcUicrn wiEh lUc Cbutulult; put, (ow>rdA ui«klo£ the Gmi SciJaof ScoIlHiid 
vnd trctutd." See thu Arohitolog, vol. x*iu. p. 230, Thia eipUitiA * Lompatrn 
UDODf the "PtwajBon AffBirt of Slate/' 8*0. Loud- 1703, *o!- K pt. il- p, 2li, "On 
MpUim d«i«ii ibf Vkle,of Ibe '• Fftrr**-!!, H^T,." 

B AniaalD ^omph^ de Cuimont, Comte (afterwardi Uac; dc l^iutun, wbo ttoortod 
thcQuccDftEul PfIaceorW*1e*loFr«fror In 180", 



Dr, Gtorge Hkkfn^ Dean of fVoneMfr^ to Archdeacon^ n/trrwartU 
i^nfwp Sicoi^on. Chi<fly on the d^tth of the Saaeon inieriineary 
Class in the Mamucript of the Gospels ealltd the Durham Book, 
fM3. firlt. MuB. BiU. Bir«b. I«7». tax. IVt, Oftfi.] 

*s* Tlie fi>ll»win)r ijtXltr, frDm Sir Kn^Jrrif- M«ddva In tbff Editor of th« prawoc 
Voliuoe, LD Rplj to lome quciimni r«UlLn£ to thJ« Muiuiortplt trilL not U\X ft> ba dulj 
fpyioytfil bf tbow vbo Ulio ui int«itvC in thv corhcr feokiUQt of Sudo Lltcriture.* 

DiititEi Musfltinii 
Mjr doir 8v. IT Jhii . IM1. 

I will cndOTour t> tniwer jottt qoBitiotai ropeclinc ihe Goipd* of 5L CuUibcrt 
(Nfr« D. ir.) u wdl » I uq able. 

I. TiK LaUo UK !■ time or thfl Valgitn or St. JeromPi itid matt faave bvcD irrltten 

bclvreo G9J4 vtd '21* dnfiuj hUcIi fcriad binbnp RulHtb hrld ibt: S«c 'tf lainlitifntnn^ 
II- Tbc Nortbumbrijia f1u»A wih tdded d/lT^ Hit lohirur hjiU hi^fn brottfbt to Dur- 
b<ni, vbJrh took p1ac« iboul HTri. [t iv written. appArtntly , ld two hnndi. th« Ant of 
vbfcb pnMC«di t<j tJiv f ad «f Ili« Cue|>ri1 of Kt. Luke, Jtnd ilic Bi-«ODd ^n on tbmui^b 
tbe 0<W|i*l vf Jobo. TI}G B»ine of lb( nloiMtor 1» tUlvJ by Inirb Iboc btritU : nrit 
tf At md of VI Msllbri**! C<^i|«d» Vfhm wr rdid xn }^aioaH "Thun. O Utiiig GdJi 
nvimfaer Eadfiilb, and .EtblLfroLd, aad EtilLfrilb. and Atdftd (be tinner : tbcfl« Toar 
«efT prnployed on thi* took [" nod, tbc ucond tvmc, aiocc ciplkJtLy nt iLf <ad r>f iba 
Tolniari vberv Ibt wrilvr of lli< Noln mtiiiff* ibv glohgator ALlrtil, tli« firirft, •i>n ur 
Alfral ud TflwTD, aad tells ua Hint be over-gloifG4 U (a EnglEvli. 

II frill DO« be nvc«44irj it> miilit a fw Remark* on ibU iMoikd b«Dd. 

I. Il b difltiuRUubfd by iti peculiar ortboeraphf. by it« oje of t for n And p. 
bj dio fnCrvdaotion of [he ivo Konic cbKrtcim fi/r ditjf and utaH , nid 1iy th« rrd 
tiOkiar of the i nk in wbich it ti, tot tbr nioac part* vrittf^n. 

S. ti b b^ii^tf probibbr.Uut tbii KcoaU haad li ih? iiulc>K(nfih of Ihv Olot^ior, 
lor ih lb« flojJ NoCfi bo nrkFtf^^.J^A '^ Aldri^d, bnt tit* ir i« afr'^TWjinlf vrtMvJ. 

3. It irould sppov probibEv ih^rvfow tbut Aldird employed «doir olber iwnnn 
10 irHl* Utf ftnt portJon, and inrrudrU to retiu it himioLT. u indeed bt bw, 
tkrODf bout IA« ProhjfV4 prrjited it f^f Caaotui. 

4. It jfl quiCo cf rUin (bat Mii^ >rHiui] bund ita (fiJ^ in tbo DurLitai IWuk, i» /A« 
Mw thtt hia gl<M«A| tbo t'dlln ticiii of CtiU^u and Prayeri, &c- pfH«rwd itiU at 
Dnrhun, vd pnbtubed bj the Sunert Socrict;. 

1. Tbe Z«riii portiooi or ihJ* " Kitud," u it u ailed, were written at differ- 
art ponodf, part in the !Kb ccatur^t uid parfA ia Itta Cbut not glcMcd) m tbe 
lb<it of BMh'jp .VMti^ (9tie-d90) and Bitbop Abtbuo C99^I«I9). 

■ Tbe Dvthui Book bu bcrn dscribedi ukd m bUiorj whiten, tcrtral limvs. Sc« 
Svril^'i Ht^Uttj aud Sjuopiia uf ibn Cutluu Ubiatjt pp. jjLKiU, i-i^it ^ Wmilcjr '* Cate* 
Jflpi* f*' Atgfto-IUian Atabuhmpte. ap|vadfld to Hiflke^'t Tbtvinu l Stn«neoA'* 
Acceont of il in the Qraphk lUntintor: and Sir Fredrric Madden'* D^rript;on, HIv** 
Intii* uf tbc Mccttd FLlLc of Sbav'a lUiwiinaUd Omanti^u- 



G- It ft trni <rrlup> t^Ai tha« Uter portHO* CTfr b<lDDKc4 to th« ciritioftl 
book, gloucd bj thcE« (Utf«g;irv tntron£]in:furLij>tbbtIjA{hehTcdDe«F 

III. Dr.O'CoBhnrhipntifiAttUGlcMntorAldrcdfntKtlitBiibui^of DnrbHa oCtbal 
nvDC. who hi^LJ the ^r tram 946 to !>C(1. If m, it mart h«re been vricten prior ta 
tbic dntr. vbcn Aldrtrd n-u « print. 

\y, OnthevhdelDniLDclincdtobeliaT(<, EbattbedriCe ofdM) irill tppnulmatc Vton 
t\D*c\j to thff period vrhrir ili« icrBiva «u kiujIo tlJiin 4n j Olber. 

V. TKb BlvinH na Ihd vnlluai I bdlinre to ht ikcwodckI b; jiet-wmtcr, wb*ii tk« boob 
ma broufiht from hindirSttrnt:. It mm im doubt ikrrarad ligbtly In ■ lAftftf. orirUh 
eUtpVi and Ihf stuiiu nlcibit juit (bo nppcannc? tTiAl vatcr would inak« if onala^ bj 
force tbrougb m uiiaulr aii^rlarr. 

VI, Wltb rcg&nl ta tUt ajiiuuil lUD of tbe AfOvbti I b«¥C nothlas ilOV io ttj, but 
■btll b* glad to Kt tko Note* yov h**v mjtdfi on ih#fn. 

B«lierc me, nj dc» !*ir, 

Ytrart Tcry tndy. 
&tr U. Kltli. K H. P. Hadvw. 

Hon<i Sir^ X'* vi, xovjit* 

1 now come aTtcr a \on^ »Uence, for which I ask jour pardon, 
to answer your obligcing XqIIct of Oct. M. I have since that time 
bud the inittfortune of two reniovealls, and otiier avacutions, or 
eU I had rrplycd sooner. The church of Durhato with gn?at 
urmiumity mij civility have conlribuled xx"^^. for wjiicii I am in 
a groat measure obliged to you, and the example of your Ckurchi 
which 1 now begin to hope most of the rest will follow. 

Jn your translation of the i^asion Verse* of Duiliam I will let 
socii st^md, and only make those two niteratioiiit you allow uff, I 
intend to aend you the Uano-yaxonick Mcnologmm and my Ver- 
sion of % which I desire you to reviac^ and Cell me ycur free opi- 
nion of every thing. I think I told you formerly it was in the 
Ciedinoniai) vcrvCf and it and the Notes 1 have written upon it are 
to cotichidc the Chapter tfe FoHiat Anglo-^ojconnm. In answer to 
ycur objection about S<. Cuthbertn and lk^<les book^ 1 aaawer, 
that the I^tin texts in botl) are very ancient, especially the Cot* 
ton tiui, which may be above nine hundred ycarcs old^ and so 
before the Uanea invaded Brittain ; but though the text* or on* 
ginall lAtin in both are so old, yet the vcramna, and the hands 
tJiey are written in» are much younger, avid Uie maiuicr of interli- 
nWion in many places slicws that the Letin exemplars were tirst 
written ; not to mention such ignorant paaMges in botli Versions, 



m CQtxtd not AgiTc to Uic: teamed times between Theodore, who 
Advanced Ic^niin; to a Efeat heigbt in the Saxon C*ljurchc», and 
die Innufion of the Danes dccxciii. who brought b&rl>imty 
apon them. 

You know bow MUiic complains, and accordingly it is esvi-* 
dent from tlie Versions that neither of the glos^torx, especially 
the Cottonian Imok, uncicrvtnnd Latin, ^s wborc h<r renders 

i. e, visimus ; in farina tribut aqUs^ «i mmlo ;^noh ^\um ; €^eba7it 
raPif*$, st^jifcon eui^p : nnptitB gftidan* fwprao jum ; *rae t^aam/e^ 
(ncamn hucu k pop7« r^pc ; vojr in /iamat r^^pi to rrij^* lie could 
not render Tctrarcha, nor Locusbc* anil many words more; and 
oui y<iu think auch a Translator could lire before the Invasion of 
the Danes? Are not the^e H|>eciniena of the ignorance ji'jifric 
eonplaina of, thht tio priest before Duoiftaiu'^ time could writ« or 
understand Latin. 

I mightily like your notion of the langun^c of the ^;t^/i. It 
was in that dialect, I believe, tlic true Cietlraon wrote, of which 
perhaps 1 have discovered a Manuscript: but of tliatmore at 
leisure. With mil hearty tlianka and aerviee 1 Kul>stTibc, 

Your most obliged bumble scnantt 
For the Rev^ M'WilUam Q. H. 

Kirobon, Anhdeacon of 
^CarbBle, at S<tikeld near 

Penrith, in Cumberland. 

^ Jfr. ^fterwfiriiB Bishop Gibson^ to the Ret;, John Stripe, Enquires 
whelh<r Hmtn Kiuoheth LelUved in a rtuf Presence in the So- 

[MS. Coif, Bm, MQi. »oL m. p. 4^%-] 
\* Tbcn an bv litUv doubt that Qu«ii Ehubclh wits 4 iMLvvcr 1& ■ ml, but doI 
w^ 4 liu««WlAnIuit*d pnftfiw*- Tht Char«h ia h«r niga mu RmvHoti in Chnt nt. 
it ittd lb«lt C«a bt ait diHtht Ihtt Uuiwi BliXftbtlh i^reail In tbc doctrine of her 
I ChufiJl It li ia con/onniij vith tliBt opinJoti that oar Etviiitli Aitick ilccUrei 
*^Cbvla^of Christ ii t;,\\m, Ukcji, mid Mfn la the Supper — ^Tler in hnTtnlj 
I vpirttB*! Bttoiitr. Ami ttiomHs nLucbj the i^y of Chritft la r««iiml jiud emtm, 

270 LKTTsaa ov shinbttt utkkaat urns* 

Dear Sir, Lambeth, Dec- 99, 1698. 

I make bold to trouble you widi a Query, to wiaA you must be 
able, by the coarse of yonr staiHes, to retam a more just Answer 
than any other person : which is» whether Queen EUiabeth (tid 
beheve the real presence : and what grounds there arc to think she 
did, or did not ? I know the A^piment insisted on by the I^iists 
is, the leading out the Kubrick added in King Edward's time for 
the explication of that matter; with die alteration made in the 
form of Administtrin^ : which, however, seeming to be a tcadmonie 
of her Inclinations to die beUef of a real Presence in the Sacra- 
ment, may as probably b«9 imputed to the dii&rent 0|nnicma in 
the Nation at that time, which %e and h» Council mi^t have a 
mind to reconcile, by leaving the point in general wordsr to be in- 
terpreted tuxording to the piiTaCe sentimaits of every pencm. 
Aity thing you have met with relaQng to diis Querie, will, at this 
tiiue^ be verv welcome to your obliged bumble sarant 

The Rev, Mr. :$trype> 

Kector of Layton, in K^mwx. 

{.'ills 4tkja thai SCnrpn tilled m * ^tfis bW<nr, tm tlw gngbuX of this I^Otr. " Q. 
ElU. liiii Jtdnct lu tyufci in Iht ladMr Hvorr i±m Ei^Oh't ^itpp^ in ber yumnm ent, sad 
im-a ia b«r if|fiEUOa» Cuu- Viil. 1£. p. -173. J. ^'* Bui bv is man *TpHj^^ in tim fbl- 
Iuvid(f tni«ajfB ia tba lulr4dui:ui>a ai bis v ■"»■**, p« i. wbaa aatuda^ ttBom Efi^t- 

" AuU mittf«il «h4i tu chuik \tf thu ^mma it this tune* an to ber iclipim, oaa ma^t 
boaUaEH njBtfvbit : trbo m ber iiutBrs npi weqc a> Xnm, 4Dil complied nul w mHlj 
vidk Ii«r pnKtuic > w Juba Kjmx cold bar ua ji LottDr lia&d from Bdeiibur|[h, tiki' a- 
ifartd i,4A bfl ^kidni: it wi A>r IflMT <jf tMT Uie tiwt dM JBdiimL ftom BuiiiftuB aid bnvod 
to tdulotr^^ Ami Sir Hidumi SbisU^. calieii Lurd Priar of St Juka'a v£ Jenatiam, 
but Livinif bwyuad am lUiUer dun Mumt. in % pmue Ldtta^ Cu bisr. ipMhiny of vfaA 
be had Imt Air hi> diTQi-Htr ui" <.viuiaai« in BeLigtuDi ilingrnr^bln tp tiM I^ir ^^^ 
bliiibnt. ' WtunoDtii/ ukb lu> ' tout MqjaitT'a fflf 4t lim inc w^ nut cb^t Tiiii^r 
In wddvKvnd :^ and tnoitiuning liic Sduvm. » ba ailed die R^sUpim Sefimntd, 
* When?af/ *u>l he- ^ tqqt Mi^otv ivaaaui cfa« csuh ^uiant, tiutijnH witiujot vhub ft 
eooJii nut akjj vtfiKt.' Shv prntuMod alsv lo CouaC Panm <vfaoin Kins Ptdlip had 
^JoAf tent iatu ELoiffiuid^ thaC die ukauwietli^ed che re«I p i aa a i tfe in ttie SaBmnoiC ; 
vhich be S4piified oj Che aid Pbilip ia » Lvctier ilibni m >aTmiib«r. but ±d dn^ be^ 
Ibva ftMn Mary died-* Tbe «uh «1bq ibe praOnliid Ut die Ltiid Ladbi : wai. tdaa 
AM ifte £i moT ud l^m pnr bi die Tvfn Vwy. ' 

It « ta cki< p^^v tket te aiOwaf T iHii ft«B Dr. ftOK^ of a btw 4i^. 

* >OT- Iti. Can. Libr- "nnui C. x. 





Dr- ojtentardt Bishop Potter, to Mr, Sirype. Archhuhop Teimimu 
has diftcicfi Hum to exprexM u wiM th(jt Mr, Stripe would uli^rr 
at he had Jtaid of Qiu-m ElhubetKs favOHiinif Popfry, and 
•tifvixt/ ike rttii Prestvcc, ^. 

(Mfl, Colft, voLliLp. SOI.] 

Rev, Sir, Aug- 8, 170?, 

I bttre tbia dar reioniod }rour Pupcrs to tiic Bookacllor. Tlicj 
vcrc III my OinTubor a F(>rtnight ogo, and I'liid thtin been returned, 
Uul that Dr, Gib«>n, upon tlic receipt of your Letter, desired to 
Mti tbero ft^ain. My Lord Archbisliop tliiiika it wiU be &n useful 
Work, and liopcs vheu tbis is once out of your hanflb, you will 
proceed in your design of pLiblivbin^ Arcbbi9»bop Pnrkcr** TJfc- 
Ht dbrctcd mc tr) tell yoa f&rtbcr, that he vriabcs you would alter 
wbat ia iaid of Queen ^Ui£ubetl1'a favouring Popery, and believing 
the real Prcnence, &r, because it is only supported by tlie authority 
of Knox, a ni^id prcAbytemn, and the Fapisits; and in contra* 
dieted by otlicra of l>etter credit, AlstOj if »be did comply furtljcr 
irith tlie Papists than sbe ought to have done, it seems rather to 
have l>ccn Uj preserve licr life, on Knox himself inlimatea. than 
from her judgeruent. And lastly, tho owning thus much would 
^ve aoDie advantage to the Pnpist^; which need not be done in 
tUi CASCj t)»e irutb vrhercof is not certain. 
1 am, with |peat respect^ 

Sir, your faithful servant, 



Tlic Rev. Mr Strypa 
at Low Lay ton. 

Coll sbMna, '■ It li cortow Ut obMrvo TvQaJMOa*!^ Oibson'*, and PotUr's «sr- 
I lo tapprcM s tnrt^ for learof gitiag sdTsotAgv to Uicr^pIaU'" 


/iwiip^rcrf fffm/ei/ to Samuei Pfp^^, JK57- Comparison of two 
Crreh mtmtturrifti Books qf Jufhems. Itu opinion tm the offe af 
txrtuin/rfiffmenig of Manuscripts which Mr. Pcpy* had *r«/ t9 

[BtlUrd'a Utmt, lol, u p. ITti. OiV'3 

From the Maitcra Lodgings 
at University College, Oicon. 
HononblcSir, Jane ^^5^ 1699. 

The Matter acquainted me on 1^i)uri<lay liist th^t he had receive 
a Letter from you^ wherein you wa» plca«M to signi^e a de!nre of 
knowing the event of our comparison of thetwo Greek mmitiscript 
books of Anthems, & Dr. CovcH's performance thereon: as also 
my opinion of the ngc of those piecCH of parchment which you sent 
with the letter. 

Aft to the former, the Cambridge MS. is much of the same 
nature with mine, but much less, & newer. The Compositions 
are likewise different, as being of other masters tlian thot«e who 
are extant in my book, to the number of threescore, Tlie INines 
are cxpress'd in the same mOTt of note» as mine, which Dr. Covoll 
is so far from being a master in^ that he sent vonl hither, by Mr. 
Talbot, that he thought the reducing any Tune in that book to 
our way of pricking on hve lines, to be impracticable, But that 
the Doctor express'd himself, on this occasion^ a httle too large, 
^)pears by this, that such a thing lias been done already, and you 
may iind it in Athannsius Klrcher's Musurgia, vol. 1. page 7^* 
and this author says he was enabled to make such a reduction, by 
rending the Manuscript works of Joannes Kukuzela, Chn'snphcs, 
Naziz> &c. which, as 1 lake it, yet remain in the i'atietxn Li&rartf, 

I know, Sir, that this Kircher is to he read with much caution, 
and that liis credit runs low with many Icumcd men : yet^ if be 
did consider the antient Orcck Musicians, as he says he did^ ^I 



tho^ KiniH.^ ptibtisli€cl by Meiboroius aind Dr. Walli^.jftfid if 
he did consult the aatlior» above lucntioncd thut wrote of the 
Church Mu»irof the Greeks; n-ith a modemte akill in our Musicv 
he or jiny bwly else might give us what ho has done of tJie said 
Churcli Mtiaie, or as much more as they xbouhl think convenient 
And this mijEht l>e done more easily, if tlicy should hwe tJie 
amsUincc of a Gn-ek vcn^d in the Music of his nation. And the 
help of many such at Rome (being Ijatinia^M), father Kircher 
could »ot want, if he vm minded to serve himself of Ihem. 

Tbat the note's wc tee in these h4>ok3 are expressive of sounds. 
And arc really tunes to be sung, 1 believe no body will doubts tho' 
Ihey don't underntand tljcm; becuusc the books thenisclvc* ex- 
prcstly HSy i»o : and in the Cambridge MS. I took notice of one 
tone which Andreas Spata (who compoaM most of tho said book] 
says he prick'd down H uKc4t> And Dr. Sa%'a];e, in his Ballto- 
(eT]^us, p«^ \2\f says of Natlianiel Canopius, a Cretan* vho 
resided at BaUiol College here, for some time, that he had a ffrtat 
t*ftt»k (^ Music c/ kin own coinpOJttHff ; for ht» skill whereittt his 
cotmtrejf-m^n in thtir Mters to him stited him ^iou* t^wrarok' : but 
that thf notejt were mnA as are not in tigemth, or nnflernUmd hy^ 
an^ of the WtMttm rhvrchtr* : (being, I supponc, the same as lhf>Hc 
in our MS3.) and the Doctor add$, that he has often heard him 
ahi^ theie vsyrds qfl^ thii mann^ : 

K«i ^^ffatret ror 



tf-nr ^\ftf 



I, fuspccting some fnulta in thin tune, eapecrinlly ac tJie be^tnniit^ 

CAHD. 90C. 3 7t 



consulted the Doctors own ori^nall >faiiu script, whicli we have in 
the Bodleian Library, aiid therein found it expressed as foUoWfs : 












- < z?— < z ir : 


The Doctor dots not infoTm ua whether this iras a tune of Cuno- 
pius*s own making or not i hut, metlduks, His vciy like such tt 
oomm on -ground- Bass m thi« ; 





I could heartily with, SJr, thnt u-e had as much of the Antient 
Greek Muwic, os vrc have of their Modem ; but, to my sorrou'p I 
could never meet with above four tuneH in it, 'iliree of them are 
hymns of one DionyaiuH, inscrlhed *<* Miyvvnr, tit Ar^xXutn, k tit 
Tiiyttti', which Viuoeiitio Gnlilei in his Dialo^o dclLa Musics, png. 
96, says were found at Komc hy a FlorenUne gentleman in the 
Library of Cardinal St. An^elj, nnd thut in n very undent MS- of 
AristidcH QuintiUianuN ami Br}-cnniua. Hie 4tb Tunc Falti«r 
KiFf^her, Musurg. lorn- 1- pa^jc 5^l, says he found in the Labrary 
of MeiLsaua in fiicily : and it is a fni^ent of Pindar. 

Whether llie« tunes were made by good masters, or were of 
Miy value when they were composed, 1 know not: Init this I am 
sure of, thnt Mr. Lavcx (who vm» a competent Judge) affirms, that 
by compoHJng some of Anacreon'^ Odea, he found tjie Greek 
Tongue full as good as any for Vlu^ic. aiid in some particulars 
sweeter than Cbe Latin, or Uicsc modern ones that descended from 
the Latio. 



Tliefte Fotir Tiinrs Inat mcnlionrH arc Itimril into our fommon 
Notes ; tiie Three forowr (as I have reason to tliink) by Dr, Uenja- 
min Rollers, of Oxford, at tlie iniitanre of Archlmhop Uslier; the 
UstwaM (ione hy Kirchrr in ihc place ftJujvc citeil- I fltiH*t prrtrnd 
tojudffe of the performaocea of these |>eraoiis. The truth is, if w© 
mmy JtHn on tlieir re|>resi>nbitzonH cyf iheni, the Tuneit are vile 
eDou^li. Am for Dr. RngiTH^ he vrnn ircU l^novrn to he u vi-ry nhle 
MQ!ntinn> \mt I doubt whether he had much studied the antjent 
Grcfk Music: for father Kircher,t}»eworhi \% nufheiently iuformed 
of his ehanrter and nhiHr.m^i by McihomiuK, ^ine of wh<u«> komU 
ComplcmctiU upon him I here recite in his own wordn. .I/km- 
mn (aaya he) (h^^am dUcifdinfim,t/iuim hact^nui Cm/:e dfir.tiatU' 
Morum viromm t'ix nliwt atirtet^re aum»fmt, nnt uHaftrt. Grair.a 
UttraiHrttt nntia Gr^r/}rum Miatirorum terfo, tmdmf ad^rrsitiis tat 
vir ci. Athtuiaiitis Kirchtrira. I will say no more upon this wU- 
ject, hut that you have these four songa at the end of the Oxford 
edition of Aralu-ij printed (it ihe Theatre, An. IG^Q. 

As to the pieces of Parchment, 1 suppose^ Sir, you had them of 
Mr. Bagford; from whom hkewiwc I have received atime hunilredM 
of tnrh piccxvt nnd h'av*"s, written at (different timcH and in diffc- 
rrnl placca, which T intend (when I have gotten some more) to 
place in a Boole according to their agr, and the countrcy w)ic*rrin 
tliey werpr written. The use that I shall make of this Collection 
is, thut wheresoever 1 happen to be (having my book with nte) 
I may at any time siitisfu? myself of the age and countrey of any 
(I^tin) MSS. I uhnll tight upon : ar if I desire to know what waa 
the uttiaU hand of titch n timc^ and place, my hook may rejuhly 
inform me. 

Thin collocation of »hreiiii and scrap* of old Parchment makes 
rne bold to mention to you. Sir, another like rollectinn of I*aper 
that 1 have made (chiefty by tho help of the same Mr. Ba^ord) 
when I wan laat at London, Thi» I hare put togv^ther in Tw» 
imlnmea of which 1 vi'ill venture to give yo<i some acoouni,* 

* Tliaa iHu fuluuci, tiuuud iu onz (vith tbc lui* uf uiv ur inv fri(iii(Al>), now 
am Lhe fttOHH Maauoriiil No. im. la Ihe BritUh MuMUin. 


The first volume contAins : 

1. Some of our own countrey common brown, grey^ blue, red, 
and black paper. 

2. Some Eastern Paper written upon in the East Indies^ Peraa, 
Turkey, and China, and some ordinary Chinese paper printed upoD. 

3. Divers sorts of Chinese paper, as white, gi'een, blue, red, yel- 
low, brown, &c. differing in colour & fineness, &c. 

4. Three specimens of Chinese Paper gilt on the surface (not on 
the edge) and one silver'd. With one specimen of paper colored 
and gilded lately in London, in imitation of the painting and gild- 
ing of our old manuscripts. 

5. Sixteen sheets of fine Chinese paper, gilt, silvered, and painted 
with different fancies. The last is painted in imitation of cloth. 

6. Two pictures (done perhaps in China] after the Persian 
manner. Three lesser Chinese pictures, printed with colors. Two 
larger Chinese pictures done by hand. The one seems to be of a 
Soldier, the other of a Mandarine. 

7- Three large sheets of Chinese paper, two red and one white. 

8. A scroll of Russian writing, b^ng the same that Mr. Ludolph 
selected those Letters from, which are engraven in his Russian 

9. Specimens of Turkish Paper, punted ; in order to be written 
upon, painted over i^in, and made up into a book or books. 

10. Common marbled Paper; with one sheet marbled on both 

11. Ten sheets of the finer Turkish marbled Paper. 

U. Eleven half sheets marbled (like smoke) after a different 
manner, but with great curiosity and tenderness. 

13. Six sheets of a differing marble (with oil) said to be done in 

14- Eighteen sheets of Paper colored and flowered coarsely^ they 
■ay, in Holland. 

16. Three others done better, but of an odder manner. 

IG. Sixteen sheets of several colors and fiowers, which look 
better than those in No. 14, 

tBTTe0l8 Of KMIXR.VT t.ireilAKY »«N. 


1 7' Ten sheets <loue more riclily tJian iill i'n^. rest. 

The other Voluint^ b a CoUeHion of Slicct5 unci pieces of white 
European Paper, which ktc placed according to their screral Mtrka 
md Stamps. The reason why 1 ^chered Uiem tof^ther (tho* 
erery sort is fltilJ incomplete) waia not only to HuUKlie my curio- 
sity, in knowing wlmt sort of Paper is in use among ^o miiJiy No- 
tions, or to please myself or friends irith looking ou the fine colors, 
marbles, &c. but ta know whether tliey would confirm a nolion I 
ha^rt of the Origiiudl of our Paper ; which (to me) they do. And 
(iuther, I thought that some time or other the History of P&per 
night be attempted, ^ with so much tiie more hopes of Huccess. 
vtieii the autlior (whuevt'r he may lie) haa heforc his eyes nioi»t of 
tin: ifortK of that subject tliat he is to treat about. 

Sir, if you hare a mind to sec cither of these books of Paper, or 
the pieces of l^nJnnejit, or all of tliem ; 1 will soon send them to 
you, with some Original Drawings that 1 have, & you may return 
them when you shall think fit. 

But to return to your old Piirdimentit, which you was pleased 
lo vend hither by Mr. Prickett, and to ask my opinion of their 
, Age ; Sir, I take it as an honour to be ooriAulteil by ynu in this case; 
eipecially, since there are many in London much better nble to 
inform jqw, in this matter, than myself; who for these twelve 
Months, that is, since I came last from Lnndon, have been forced 
to mind other business, than Manuscripts. Nor, as I remember, 
have T since then lookt into any MS- with intention to observe 
the handwriting of it, but onee, with your worthy, learned, & 
ingenious relatiim^ Mr. Gale, for about the space of an hour. By 
such a Vmg diKuxe, 1 have lost (I fear] a great deal of that nicenesit 
in diseeming. which the daily use of so many thouKAnds of MSS. 
as are in the Bodleian Library, had, at length, given me: and witli 
that, the henfrfit of many observations, which cost me much lime 
to make. I must ne-eds nay too, Sir, that I think !t rcfjuirrs a man 
of great experienee, to give judgment on the age of an entire hook, 
fmm the haiid*writing of it: and much more so, when, instead of 
a whole dook, ho has only a leaf, or a piece of a leaf to judge by. 



Sir, I don't wj titu as if I was unwilling to ftTixn-er your dennr 
but that these oonsidemuoitv may prevail witli you to pardon 
and die errors I may commit in the foUowini: AccounL I hi 
taken the boldntxs Xtt numlier ihein ; heoaufte you should be sure 
to know which parchment I mean. 

1. Beinga &a^ent of the Origmes or Etyuiologia of Su Isidore 
Bbhop of SciiiU seon?t by the band to be written in France, & 
that ahoxit the time of Cbarlcs the Great, but rutlicr l>eforc than 
aftrr. It veeniH more antient than a copy of Bcde on the Cano- 
nical Rpistlrxr in the Bodleian Library, which book was writ 
an. 61B, or before. If you pleaste to uive yourself the trouble 
looking into Mahillon dc re Diplomatica, 1 believe. Sir, You will 
find this piece of Parchment to agree pretty well with the last 
Kperimeo of the 3G 1 tt page.* 

2. Is a leaf of the GospcKa, writteD. as I take it, in Engbmd, 
about the middle or towards the latter end of the 8th eentuiy, 1 
hai'c seen several Rookw written in KnglaiHl (as I may call it) in 
this band : as St Cliad's GospcUs in Uchfidd Library; St. f^Ad*- 
Md^s in the Cotton : and Venerable Rede's in the Bodleian : which 
Books l)cin^ certainly written in Ent:land (hy the way) make meJ 
guess, that the GospoU*! of St. Matthew and St, Mark in the CoUl 
ton Libmry, commonly said to have been St. Ai%uitine*s of Can- 
terhury : and St, Salaljcr^raN I*Mlter, mentioned by Mahillon, Kp- 
lomat. p, 351>.wcrc both ft-rittcn in England likewise." Nor did I 
ever see any book written in this hand in a forei^ Countrey, 

3. Is a fragment nf the .1»tli Psalm, J^ seems, to me, to have been 
written in England, soon after Uie leaf No. 2, ft perhapa, about the 
end of the 9tb Century. 

1. Is a fn^ment of tlw* 8tb chapter of Daniel, written also in 
BuK^'Utd, tlie hand approaching nearer to that we i^ll the ALn>n, 
To the best of my rememhrance, there ii in Sir John Cotton's 
book of Saxon Chartcre, one in, or near this hand^ which if it 
have a date, w(3uld msily (letermine the age of this. And tho 

• Tbv«Akao|UabtUaut(fcnedia, utbitrnatfldathsMia N«l,rot 



Rflgistcr of the Benefuctors to Durham Abbey orCftUicdral Church, 
wntten with letters of golil nnU wlver, wliich is in the Cotton Li- 
t>rafy> under the Head of Domiti&n,* is* as I rcmemhcr, in a hand 
very bke (his. And, if Tme not mistaken. King Egbeii \% tlic lu^t 
King; regi»tred Uierein^ before tlie book was continued l>y lut^r 

5. Is a leaf containing some short explication of the latter end of 
MaTtianu« Capella dc Nuptiis Fhilolotciie, and of the beginning of 
his tract de Arte GrammatioL 'Tis written in Saxon letters, as 
I gtjfss, about the time of King Alfred- 

<>. 1% a fragment of some such NotcA as the former, upoii »iome 
other Author, I doubt whcllier thin wait written by an Enghsh 
hand, tho' there be a mixture of the English letter in it. But it 
seemii to he w-iitten about the latter end of the lOth eentur>\ 

7' Ift a fragment of PriKnan's Krainmarr and seeinH to be n'ritten 
bc^-ond the seaa, not much after N° 6. 

K U a leaf of an Ant'tphonaK for ouffht ! know written in Enjc- 
land, mid \i% likely ubotit the latter end of the 12th century. This 
leaf shows that they did lay their gold indifferently, either upon a 
yellow or red jfround. As for the Musie, 1 see *tis upon four lin&t ; 
but tl»en*r aR' MSS. in the Hodleian I^hrury where the ioumc is 
prick'd but upon one line, k many without any lines at all, as is 
lite mnMc of the Greeks, Rus>eH. and Armenians at tliis day. But 
in «uch Latin MSS. the difference of sound, i» tci be It^arn'd fn^m 
tlic situation of the Notes. 

9- I fancy might be written in Italy rdwut the same time with, 
or not lonK after N' 8, It looks like a frngnjcnt of some Com- 
mentary on Colons. 1. ](». but whose, is not, I suppose, worth the 
whdc to enquire after 

10. bears it date along with it, in tlic*C words^ Anno Regm 
Retfis Eiiwixrdi tertii post ConQue^tutn stptimo. Givft me leave to 

* DmiU. VII- fol- l3-^1i. An dalxinli' aootiunt of ihii Mi&uscript bj Wmlcj him. 
Wt «iO bt fooDd In ihv Cnt^ofae of Anglo-Suon USS. i|ipcnil«il to Ihdcct** Tbir. 



ftdd. Sir, somcthin;^ about these words pott Cmquetlum, I Imvc 
seen several Charters, Ueeda, &c. bearing date .such a year of King 
Henry fiUi Regi» Johnnnis. And tome of Kin^ F/dw»rxl the first> 
who vTikS stilcd therein /iHua Re^ lltnrici. And mnny of K, 
Ednanl the Second callM likewise jSiii WeyiV Edwariii. After 
this King Kdvi'ard the Third caine to the Crown, 1 conceive thejr 
would not give him the Title of Edwartiifilii Ftf^is Sdtt'art/ij be- 
cause his Father was bo styl'd before him. Therefore lln-H Title 
was found out, Edwardu^ terttus post Conquestumj wliicli at the 
swne time> did also distinguish him from King Kdwanl the Elder, 
and Kiii|; Ed^^'ard the Confe«sor, who both rei^'d before the Con- 
quest. Now I would humbly cmvc your opinion. Sir, whether it 
wan very proper for the suooeeding Kings to make use of the said 
words in imitation of King Edward the thinl t ha (for inatanoe) 
King Richard tlie second to be atiled Ricardta post Conqucstum 
secundm ; Henrictt» pQ»t Conqueatum quartua, &c. as if we had 
had Kings of tboxe nameft liefore the Conquest ? 

1 1. Seems to be written in K. Henry the 6th'a reign, & 

\2, Somewhat before. 

13. About K. Edwiird the 4th's time. 

14. Is a part of a Breviary written in France ^r Flanders about 
K. Henry the 7th 's time* I was thinking of the book whereunto 
this leaf did once belong, might have been written for sonic nf the 
Heirs or Deneendants from the Beauchampsj Earls of Warwickj 
by the ngged ataffc »o often painted thereon. And Uiis, Sir, may 
suffiee for the old Parehinents, unlefts you ple-asc to st4rt any new 
question »bouttliem. 

I have now, Sir, one request to make you, whieb is to know 
Mn Evelyn's opbiion of a print that I am goin^ to gire you an 
account of. I abew'd it to ^fr. Qale, and did beg the favour of 
him to ikcqtiaint you with it : but now, Itaving thia opportuuity, I 
take the boldness to inform you of it myself. 

We have in t)ic Bodleian Library a Mhtule ^eciWuw ii^um Bc- 
cU^ IlfrhipvlmsiSf which being a great folioj in parchment, with 



Very fine iJluminfttiona^ has bcoo all along look't upon u n Manu- 
script, Uko*uiy one who Has been used to such things, would aco 
iaiTnediAt«Ir Umt 'tis a pnnted book. TJie occnnoti of printing it 
was thi« : Rodulphua Dp, of Wirtxberg finding many of the MiuHtls 
of his Church, &c tu bo imbc^sclcdj or otherwise corrupted, he 
orden the hooks that remained to be cxoniincd, & from tbcm a 
fuir S^rrice Book to be compoacd, which be commands to be 
printed byTonuu Kyser, tlic printer, and that the edition should 
be cofupleatly finished by the Sth day of November 14S!, AU 
tbidj and m great dcol more, he tc9tifiea In an instrument at Uie 
beginain^ of the book, which hears the same date with the for- 
iDcrj Tix. the 8th of Xovcmbcr Mdl. And I believe the book was 
printed by or before that day ; because at tJic ond of the book ia 
written To. K. l-IKl. bang the aoid printer'^ name- And at tho 
end of the Inslrutucnt aforesaid^ ia an engraven Print being (as I 
take it) the Arms of the Didhop, and tlie Arms of the See^ vhicb 
but i» supported by two Angela^ with St. Kilion standing behind 
it ; the former has OJily a Sue mantling fibout it. These coata of 
Arms I take to be oa the Seal, giving a fuller authority to tlie ni- 
strumcnt preceding it. Thia is the Print 1 nic&n; 'ti^ engraven, 
in my opinion, eitlicr on silver or on braaa. 'IVaa evidently 
wrotigbt ofTat Uie rolling presn^ for one may plainly see the marka 
of the oJgea of the Plate^ and I have been told by several En- 
gravers and Prinlera unto whom I Iiavc »liew*d it, that it was 
certainly printed off by n rolling jjieHs, & that it could he done 
no other way, Tiiat it was not done lung afterwarda, these aro 
fcr^jmenls: first, that ihc C**ni|Hiaitur left a vacancy en pur^^ose 
to be filled np with tliis iVinl: St 2ndly, tliat thia book wa» 
bought within le«!i than two months after the date aforesaid. For 
one William Kcwsth, Vicar of St* Barthuloiucw's Pariah in AVirtc- 
burgj in a written note, teatifies, that ibc tiame year, t. e. Htfl, 
ho j)aid for Uic printing (of thia book), parchment, illumination, and 
bindin^f eighfeen Flurin*- And ofurwords ^ia-ann< l-tf'C, hef;avo 
h to his Church, where it con'Jnued (osap^iears by the succeeding 
<;amd. toe. 2 o 



VkCftrK linmU) tiU iha soMlfrni of Gutt^vum AdalphuAsarnlrgiaiiiily 
plundered & riflMi that plnri>. An tii \hti Print itHelf, 'lift so well 
engnftn, And lli« workman hul so good n fttrakc, that I beUfi\'e 
half llic workmen in London rantiot now do better; and tliAtwhioll 
makes me admire it, it, tlint Mr. Kvrlyn in Itia inrom[>»n1)lQ IltB- 
tory of Clialrography, p. 35^ fihotikl bo rrf the opinion tiiat tluK wort 
of work Unotso anli^nt. Hik wor<lft nro tln>s«: The ari (^ Rn- 
ffrarhiff and working nffj /rom Plaif* o/ Capper, whu'It tf* taii 
prtntr, troM not yri tt/tjtearinff, or dom «>t/A ta, tUi about thr y^af 
\4m. And this, Sir» which I talk of, nhavm thai tlie .^Vrt wt^ not 
flltogrthflriniU infancy anno 14dl, wliioh n-a* before Albert Uurert 

Sir, when you see Mr, Grelya next, if you will gire youraelf tfaa 
trouble of f^onsdting htm about tbiit alTair, 'twiU be a grfftt Mlift- 
faction na well an honour to mc to know the rritilu 

I have no more to add to this long Letter: but that^ as to the 
Nfite whrrb ynu nre pWs'd lo «ay | i<rnt you, auJ which you inli- 
mnle might be supplied out of our btatutcbook: that I don't [at 
present) rigtitly undcrHtand you ; hut when you aludl think fit to 
exphin ynirftrlf more particularly what noto it wna I «nt, and 
what yon would liave tninscrib«d out of our Statute book, it shall 
be done with all rcadinesa, by. 

Honorable Sir, 

Your mont obliged, 

faitbfuU k humbly deroted 
IIcHrnKV Wani*kv- 
For the Honoralilc Sanfti Pepya, Etq^. at his 
House in Ruck lag ham -Street, in York 
buildings, in the Stratkd, London- 

■ K«tlli«r Btdjn aor Wufaj app«tr t» har* ben acquAioiod wiW ibe wrfci of the 
MaMcr ti I4«S (ihe oariiift of tiu Gmnaa scUol), aor «iU thaie of Msttla 
SchAugauer. bndtKii Mcckci, Ac. 



Dr, George Hicke^B In$ifucti9tu to Humphrey PFanley ^nff to 
Camtrutfftf to examhic Anffte-Saxtm Manuscnpt^. A. D, 1 dOit, 

Mr. Wanley, 

1 pray ytm, when you are at CwiiUridge, to let inquirers ktnm 
that my Book is advaTice<1 tu Uie Ir. slicrL lliat m prime cm% 
wDl ai leH5i be n guiniry in the lesser papcr^ that its tttlc will be 
ZiinffMarutH velerum Sej/tentrionatiuTn Tftejuattrus Grutnma/ico-Vri^ 
tkfuet /trchttotoffiats, and tliar. you do not dcFubt but Uiat it will 
anavref the cipccUtinit of tliQAC Ic&nicd men who have been 
pleased to encourage it. 

I hope you'l earry your Book of S|?ecimcns with you and shew 
fct to those gentlemen I bare vritten to, &bout you and your busi* 

I adrise you to keep compnny vitb none but men of 
kantipg and reputation ; to let your conrer&ation he vrith an air 
of respect and modesty to them ; to betiarc your *elf wpon the 
place irith candor^ caution^ and temperance ; to avoid compwU- 
tiona ; to 1^ to bed in good time^ and nse in good time ; to let 
them Bee you are a man that observes hourcs and dtncipline; to 
make much of yourself; and want nothing ibat is fit for you { and 
dayljr to pray to God^ without whome nothing can be Jiuccejwefull 
and prosperous, to blesKe you with hctltli, to prosper your handy- 
wurkf and to give you favour and acceptance with worthy men i 
and 1 pray you to take care Uiat your Conversation nith them bo 
drill and obliging, tH>t)i for Uieir natisfaction and your honour. 

In taking the Catalogue pray put the beginning and ending of 
erery Tract and llomUy, the fir»t and last entire aentence, and the 
whole period, when tlicy are not too long. 

I pr%y Uod to send you a good journey, and happy r«turii to 



Lonclon^ where we sh&U^ God willing, meet ; «nd, Chftcr you liare 
been sometime nt Cftmbrigc^ acTid nic a short account how nil 
t}iii)ga atJccccd with you. Direct for Dt, HicUcs, at the next house 
beyond the furthest lamp towtkrd.i the feildi in King's Street* 

1 am 

Your most affeet, humble 

nerr*4 Gko. Hiokkw* 
Mr. Drown, who is a rery 
leoTficd worthy man, will direct 
you to good Lod|;cing«. 


H'aHlff/ to Dr. CkarUtt^from Cambridge, //« account of (he MiSS* 
whicA he had ienn at B<rntt end Emanuel VolUgt^, 

ReTercnd ft Honored Sir, Cambridge, Scptemb. 2, 1699. 

In my li*t I gave you an account of my coming hither on 
Wednesday night past. On Tliuraday morning I waited on Mr, 
LuugTiton, at Trinity College," who wa* vury bu«ie^ but bowcrer, 
at last, took me with nil freedom into the College library, the 
deAcription of which 1 need not trouble you witliall. Some of the 
boolci I enquired after could not be found on the sudden ; but I 
made a shift to probe out a few of them m\^clf, being left alone 
by Mr. Laa^hton^ who was sent for in bast to the Vice-Chancellor, 

After 1 had satisfied my curiositte there for tlie preaent, I went 
to the ScliDoIsp and foand Mr. Laugliton in the Pubhek Library. 

* John Uu|;bton< U.D. Pclbw of Trioitjr CoIEeg?* "4 Poblfa: librahon, K« wtnJt 
■& A<^t>uai of tilt MS^ oi Thakty CoO^o W the (cul CaUlof oe «C Cuf Ibb M ao- 
■cripU. IC^^. 



fli it«a p1««ted to show roe prvsentlj- moat of t]i« booUit that I 
•hall have occasion to use, which HatUticd me very much. And 
he c»ni« with mf; hither h helped mi) to t&ko th« Chamber where 
I lodge ik board at a jMvate house, I Ihen went to my Inn tmd 
diicharijed it, & received your very kind kttcr, in pursuance of 
which, I have Etccordjngly written to tho two gentlemen ineTitioncd 

I met at IVinity College with Mr. Buckcndgc, Mr. Norgrovc^ 
Mr- AlUn, and Mr. EllUon of C. C. C. Oxon, who eugii^nd mc to 
dine witJi them> vrhioh I did. After dinner, we all went together 

^ |o vivit loinc of the College lihrarlos and Chnpcls, as Goiivlle & 

^Cft>u», where I delivered your letter to Dr, Brady (Dn Rhodcric 
bdng gone to Kh). The Dr< (Brudy) is t^xtrcamly Kck, but yet on 
the mending hand. Wc saw several other coUoges, ns Sydney^ 
Magdalen^ St- John's, &c. At night we wore rcf-alcd with a very 

rgood concert of Music | where 1 waa rouch taken with some Ita^ 
liaoi Songs, which Mr. Pate brought from Ronic> and a Ocntlcman 
here sang excellently wclh 

There 1 met witli Mr- AnncAlcy, who did mc the honor to dcatrc 
roy ac<)uaintance, Kc. Wc came ftway t<^cthcr, and betimes in 
the morning I waited on him &t hia Chamher (preventing hU call- 

' ing on mcU mine, a-i he purpose*!). We went to Bennct College* 
where I delivered Dr. Greenes Letter to Mr, Ridmatir who cour^ 
teoualy took us into the Manuscript Library forthwith; and with 

'^Qie diiEculty nil tho books were found that 1 nhaU uao, Tuko 
*«» all togctlicr, and tbcy'l appear to be a moat noble parcel of 
books, and one shall ncldoro n*ect with ao many anticnt copies of 
aevend Autlioru, in so small a number of MS$. as are here* In a 
word, this Library annwcrtt iu character tJioroughly, except in thoao 
kiss, which arc naid to have once heloitged to Theodore Arcb- 
faishop of Canterbury. Tlicodorc lived [as I remeiuber) lit the ac* 
Tenth Century, and 1 vcnly tJmtk some of theac were written two 
hundred yearTi after he wn?* dc*id. They have MSS. ohl enough to 
have been hii j but, 1 know net why, they put bia name to more 



boolc*. At the bo ttom of tlie finrt [»^ of ffoncr, 1 1 

Ibe word dK<'JAaPO£, but it mcemfl to xM l<» IiaTe b««n lb* 
•ttbtr of UaB ftt «Hoo«! charge th« book wwi vritten, or eW af tte 
Uhnmnator^ Ab for tb« book itMlf) 'u» a recent p>pv copM.^ It 
wigim that Ardibiihop Parkerwas abtited to this mfttt^r, fior tbeae 
MotM of Theodore's owning such ftncJ sacb boola, ve written m 
hu band ; but vben th4nr CaUlogo^ is n«w prints, I suppooe, w% 
nhM hear no more of ArcLbULop Tlieodore, unless it bs in the 
rrmtcntiAL^ I hu] the coHoiity U> eoquire for some other book*, 
with ikm titles of which I wts ao4 wvll sati>£«dr the Origen oo 
Lukc,^ & ^Vnibroitf'fl llexaemeron,^ tihich niv nid to he writteo 
/i//«rv p^rryrinift B^r^ i^) Latigoiiardic Uttcrx. I hope to vhrw 
you speeimetis of both of them, with sevenl others. The book 
whi<rh had thU Title^ Ulfir raidt pfregrima iuiffua^ et eh&raelen- 
6tu jilan4 ignolu cxartUtat, tm u Late Arabic TVact.f The book md 
to be written Lingua et littena Aramicis, is ui Armenian Pialter^ 
1 don't know but the Arcldnshop might buy theee two last books 
%oitf\ after the trade was opened to Turkey r if so, he might have 
been easily imputed upon. The Saxon books here are many in 
number, & very line onesi ; I began to take an sccount of tbem to 
day, and wili finish as soon as I osn, but it will he notnc time Arst. 
From Ben net College Mr. Arneslov and I went ca^h hon^ej 
and at one o*clook met ngaioj and visited Horoc other Lihranes, 

* Hi* TfJkr BMT lidp hiaifdf to s Urr* AtAtv of sodsnt Moibm pt tht tOMu at 
IVmAotv in the Inild U Montbdooa*! Piisioyiphk Gners. 

* Tltrfoll^Lngit ih«I>fMriplio»efcU»M&iBNumUb*«C«tAlofse: — 

" LiLKAJ- Cudu rfcuUoniB In fbliFi, in <|im coaEl«aalaf U«ncri lli«« «t Odfwis 
mm PanlipofBcaU QoiaU €«l*brl. Pfinv pn^iM isMrfbitor Htww dMSfvdi sawca 
TlmHtMrt, ktH^bt IIU fvktii iiliorQapr|uv o|»iiio <lv liuju* Codioii asi|M|«iCate i qvi 
olim td AifUMLuM CuitDwtetttt* pertLnobit : tunc lero uucrigMiovm non J* The^* 
iirro CmtamtistuA lel 4t alio qvHia «fui>4tai munlfllii ^ IumhI Icofo seir «r1i» tyj^ 
g»phlo» liiirc«de»«iii flttmll. lsi«IHgoDAAu h«, JbccM ttfciffeliw (4 «nuii* ore*!— 
M litUiui C«dld»." 

* hMollk'i QtUdt^u^^ Cbe SsOft Celkft AISS^ Sam. rx<. L 
' Ibid. Nun. oooxasiv. ■ Lbtd^cxpiii. 
' lUd, Nw. ooovi. • tUd- NwD. ccetLSiviij. 



mnd at Rmoiiuol College ^v lueL with Mn Barncv, to whom I pre* 
aenCed Atr. J^ron of Chrbtt church's xcrvicCi & ycHirs, whuh ho 
kindly rvturtis by ni«. He took us into lh« Librury> where wkh 
enoch ado wo found vome of Uio hooks I was minded to sec By 
them & more vhlnh 1 hnv^ «ccn, I pcrcrivc one coti hardlr rely 
oD their dcAcriptiona of books ; for he Uint t^kcs the CattJuguc of 
his College MSS. dcHcnbes them mm they appear to him indeed, 
but luving !i<»rccly crcr seen any otliers, he makes but poor 
vork on't. A» for the AraKmcnt uf the Paiilms in tireck CnpU^is 
wliich they cried op ao; I hope to aiaew you a apedmcn of it, 
which I aliiiil take for tlte sing^iuity of it« chnracter. I can 
•Cftfcdy think it to hare been written by a Greek; bat if it was, 1 
belcevo it wtia by the haiid of same Woman. As (or that book 
vrhieh in the Catalogue is called Kfcsncy, & wad to be writtfn 
Unfua IJcntcUticOf I find the Title written in the book itMctf to be 
thus, Liler tiUittj Ejtrtnvy^ tcripfua Hnffnd Jtnwiild, Tlic Charac- 
ter is that of tJie Gauri, and the language I .Huppoitc to he the 
nine. I dcsin; you, Sir^ to do me the faror as to acquaint Dr, 
Hyde with my firdiog this book, & tliat 1 will copie for him thre« 
or Four Imo trom it : and I will enquire at Claro-Ilall for another 
book in the same language that he mentioned to me. 

I can't furbear tnentjuning two hot^ka that I lit upon In 
Bennct College Library, The one is the Excerpta Ihgcri A^ 
batitf frouL divert Munich Authors/ I doii% at present, know 
vIk> Uija Ahbat lln^err wan; hut the music ia upcn Uncs^ with 
Lettcra inatcad of Notes; and I eipect more from it, than fT\>m 
any anttent MualctJ author Jn Latin thnt I have yet neen- 1 
intend (when I have prcUy well got over my bu»incju») to send 
Mr* Deoa of Christ cbureb a Hpecitnen of it, if I like it as well 
upon the second view, as I did at the first. 

\xi a>4i>thcr book in the aaiuc places auiongat other raluahle 
ifatngi} 1 met wiUi a most ample accK^unt of the Consecrralion and 

> Ntmltb'i CsMtsw ni Uic Bcdm Colks* M6G. Niuu. o«ut. 



Coronation of our antient Kings and Queens; 'ds 
than any Copie of the Liber Kegalis I ever uv. 1 harc good 
reason to think the book, wherein this is fonnd, to hare 1 
written before the Conquest; and the Catalc^uei taking no ; 
of any such matter, I believe it may have been neg^iected till : 
unless Dr. Stanley has found it.* Vme half in a mind to 1 
scribe it> and let it go abroad in the Catalogue ; bat I'me smwHr 
the warm people of two opposite parties, will be re«dy to Uamc 
my forwardness. I would fain. Sir, know your sentimoits of it; 
but to me it appears an important Piece. I have as much mofe 
to ntkj to you, Sir, as what I've written, but T'me reaUy weary 
with working to day, and I must write two letters more by this 
Post : but by the next journey of the Cambridge Carrier, yon 
shall not fail of the rest, from^ most Honored Sir, 

Your faithful and 

humbly devoted servant, 


From Mra< Kay*s house, 
near Trinity College. 

The Reverend Dr. Charlctt, 

Master of University College in 


fVanlet/ to Dr, CharletL ITte Eciipte of 1699. Dr. CovePt Evan- 
gelistarium. St. Jeromes Psalter at Trinity ColkgCy Cambridge^ 
in three Latin Versions. \ 

[BilUrd'i LctUit, TOL XIJ1, p, 49- Ori§,\ 

Reverend & Honor'd Sir, Cambridge, Sept 28, 1699, 

You were altogether in the right when you sud that I might 
' Sm NHmith'i CaUlosue, p> 38, 



IVftfl the oW \famis4*riplM during Uie Edip!«f,n as wtll lut if th<^re 
had bocTi none ut uli: fori h'u« then reading and writing from 
tkem all the while at Benriflt College; and I will Mruure you» Sir, 
that, tkiitvnthiitanfling t^M* nUsiourity of ten or rieven digits of tJiO 
Sutiii Ivkdy, the remaiiutig pout lighted me so well, that 1 had nci 
need of Candles, 

I am glad to hear that I »m likely to be bchoMon t.t> the FcU 
)ow«; and am very willing to receive tliat or any other obligalion 
vrhi^h ihey ehall Ihiiik fit to lay upoa me, Mr Laughtan hat 
carried roe to Dr. Cove), Kince hU return home. The Dr. received 
roe u'ith (til the kindness in the worUI^ & kept me there almost all 
the da}'; shewed me hit books, & prottcred roe the use of whnt 
1 pleased. I borrowed hii Gr^ck Evangelislury in Capital LeU 
ttmi which in by much the noblest book i>f the kind that T ever 
saw. I hnve just now tinitihed a Spedmen that I have tnken of 
it? And 1 hav(! tevcral books now by iu4^, in my Chamber^ of that 
value, that, wrk tlic wtir^t nf them mine, 1 would not take 201 f^r 
it The truth is, the Camhridge Gentlemen are estrcmcly cour- 
teous and obliging^ & excepting tliose of Bennct College, I can 
borrow what books I plofts<T, 

I have by me a great Folio, which I borrowed out of Trinity 
College Liibrary. itcontainv th« three Latin VerMonn uf the Psalter 
road«i by St. llierome, v)£t. the Hebrew, Roman, Sc Gallic. Tlic 
Hebrew is interhned all along with a Prcnrb Version. The ftoman 
Ukewiae with a S^ixon V«rs]on: ik the Gallic with a Lntin Gtosa, 
b4>aidcn other marginal Notea^ After the Paalter, comes the Can- 
tici sacH, I*ater noatcr, Crueds, &c. in Latin, French, & Saxon. 
Before every l^blm, &c. is a large Picture, explaining itt which, 
notwitltstanding the meaoneas of tlie drawings if they were well 
eon>idcrcd, may be of good use to an industrious Philologer. 1 
trouble yoti, Sir, witlt this clcscripticn, tho rath«r, because at tlie 

* S«fiiMatKrl3tli, )6W>. A ludloroua Aocouotof tbe tcnufineiil oftht mtfropoUa 
la flipvcttbon of ihii KdLp«c. Appeared ka ihe fokl-bo]' Newipipcr of SqA. t-lUi, «bi' 
fiMii4toUfram Ihc pea of SviAimLo fic^iMDtlj irrvtqui Ebi« Pa|<pr. 


end. there is the Picture of Eadwiti, & Monk iiiat wrote die book, 
h a large Draogbt of the Monastery that he lived in : and 1 wiiih 
Mr. Tanner vere here ; for, pei^iapa, he might be able to find out 
what Mouavtery it might be.* 1 denre the ^tot of yoUr Sir, to 
ask him if he has met witb any Eadwm about the time of King 
Stephen (for the book seems to be so old) that was iavnOf^iM fat 
writing and painting, as ftevend others have been noted to be, both 
before and since this Monks time. My present conjectoie is, that 
the Monastery may be St. AugustiDe's in Canterbury ; bnt I hare 
but one reaaon and that a poor one Car it- 

T am with much respect. 
Honored Sir, 

Your most humble devoted aerraiit, 
H. Wanlit, 
For the Rererend Dr. Charlett, 

Master of University CoU^e in 
By way of London, 

ex XI, 

Wanley to Dr. CharletL Hu advancement in Untcertiitf CoUege 
by Dr, Charlett't aid. Account of the disposal ofhU timey whilst 
among the MSS. at Cambridge, 

[BalUrd'a Letteri, vol. ziii. p. &0J 

Reverend and Honoured Sir, Cambridge, Octob. !9, 1699, 

I hope Mr. ArchDeacon of Carlisle's Letter which I sent you, 

together with my answer to it, came safe ; and that you did me 

the favor to seal the last, & send it as directed. If they have 

miscarried, Pmc very sorry, because Mr- Arch-deacon may there- 

" See ft fitrlber ind oiore nmple Accauot of thit Volume bj Wuilej faEmidf in tbo 
CfttAlogiie of Aoglo-Suon MSS> appeaded to Dr. HJcku*i Thewnmi, alrBulj qaat«d. 





upon tliinit himself neglected, tnd that he ha« r«aAon to complain 
of mc. 1 sent thom hr that person nho cftntc hither with the two 
DuiUh Gentlemen; which the CiLrricr hearing of, ^umhled nt 
exoocdiDgly, nnd vowed ncTcr to bring mc any Letters from Ox- 
ford : bat he was not no goo<l an hb woni, for Hxc Uat iit^ht he 
brought mc a letter {rom >ir. Elfvtoh (tho^ a week after it ought 
to hnvc been dcLvcrcd to me)< By this Letter I am informed tJ>at 
Qbc Sodet]r !i4ve hccti |>1rii«:d to eonferr u|wn mo M tlic privi- 
lege:t of a (\>mmoncr Uachelor of Arta i which I take aa a npecrial 
&vory uid do accordingly return ihem my hearty Uianks for it ; 
with promiae of lieha^-iiig myself in such n mjuincr, aa not to give 
them ju>t occasion to repeTit their kindness ^ or to deny me the 
Decree of Oachelor of Lavrs, when I am full standiiig for it, & 
ahaJl judge it tioctAury to dc&ire it. And farther, Sir, I do re- 
turn you my humble And hearty tlianka fur this late Favor, and in 
m more particular manoer, bocaUAc I'me fully pcmuadcd, that not 
only I Fshould aevex have had it without your concurrence witli 
the Society, hut tliat you were ])teased to be the first-mover in 
it; Bud tbat my advancement in the College, U plabdy the ctTcct 
of your hive to, & good of>iiilon of me. 

Curiosity, Sir, i» a thing natural to all m&nkind^ a»d more 
:iaUy to all Men uf Letters : and therefore it villi he no u^on- 
dcT^ if I take it fur granted thai you dcMre to know what it la tliac 
kee|)a me here all tlm while, und when 1 detiigii to return to Ox- 
ford. Of hotli wbich particulam, I take the l>oldues» to g^vc you 
Home ttcoowit. 

] aaaure yuo, Sir, th&l it is not young, idle company thnt dctaina 
n>C ao much Umgeir tlmti I uiid &. ex]>ectcd; hot really llie hu^i- 
tW9a that 1 came upt^n, which I liavc found much more considcr- 
ahki than I cuuld have tliou};ht for. Tis acveii weeks since I caine 
hither^and Itiever wruujfht harder in my life for^^ven weeka toge- 
thcTi than I liavc now doiiv : and yet I Irnve not finial»ed, nor 
shall 1 he able to finiah Uda Journey: for H' Tliomas Uodleyi 

Lxmntff or gMu r gw T 

^ofaC tin Vai mttmSkj m Ui Ubtwy. 

Bvt, ftir» joo o«^ MC ID llMak, dM* tbcfc m ao nny Sana 
HSIL itt lluB plioi, as to keep « man wcrtn wvdci ta barciv tyaft- 
wantmng AA TiMk^ No, Sir, Wl tint bc» bU 1 l^d t^ do, I 
Pligbt luT« dofi« in ^CTta bom^ Bat I luv« looked over aevco 
•eoie MSB. to aee if I cxpoU find any 8uoti vonds n the m , 
md oil to DO purpDw : and to take an ■oc^rata account of 
Aoic book« wherein 1 succeeded, I Ivre not conAcnted fnyvdf 
wUh npngt /iAn^ H&miiiar^m Sarom^mrmm^ bvt iwtcd tl»c D^ 
it wofl proper for tJie Pbce of Scripture it trc&ta upon, with 
•omc Unrfl of tbc bcgbuang & end. By this ieicaiu I hsT« 
heco ftbk to comptne one homilie with another, to find vfakii 
do agreer which differ, vhich co|ne hAa more on the aame Texty 
& which lc«a, Ace. Pot other Saxon bookji, 1 hare coped lav^ 
piece* of them; on pnrpoM to compare them with other books 
in other Lihmrie*, that I roifi;hl thereby kuow how they agroo 
toifeUicn For I find we have mure r^opies of tlie nine book 
tluiii I thought of, lu I belicrc I ahall make appear. I bare fur* 
ther tnmacnhed all nwniicr of Episllifa, WiUa, Coveaaiita, NolesE, 
Charnift, VcrseB, Catdo^», 8cc. that I foresee tnav he of use to 
the Boi/k ; tJjm, ^ a g^eat iJf«1 more thnn 1 nay, has been one occa* 
non of my tarryift^ so long. In utie word> if Dr, Ilickes will aocepi 
from nio a CniAliif^iie uf aJI tlie Buxon JbfSS. ihut 1 know uf in 
Snglaiid, I will do my endttavour to restore ntany (hiUiexto 
onrjfiymoiut Tmcta) Lg tlidr proper AuthorH; will !»|>ecilie |)4irticw* 
Urir whiiti?Ti?r hax been printed & whnt not ; with a multitude of 
RetTiurkn #c Ohncrrationii that I have not met with in the foniier 
Edition of liis hook, ^'ith tliis Catalo^^ I ahull aimex tlie Sfte-* 
cimi'n* of the ChnrHc^lerit of Uic mo>t ctmaidcraldi- M:^S. of the 
Lanf;uagca of tlic Nnrtlicm Nations, vi tlic tiutliic, fVaJictc, 
IriUii^bwdic, ft lalandic, beitdci the Saxop, with Specimens of 
MS8« In Wd»|j> Corntsh, 8cotcJi> & Iristi. And by way ofdigreii- 





«nn, if upon mnttire dolibention it be UiougLt necestkry, 1 may 
nuke Specimetis of ihe four famoui Grcclc MSS, of Flngland, vat, 
S'J^CoUon'a Oenenit, tlic Al^xandrifln MS., Xrch^ Lnud^s Aet« 
kF the Apottlc«, And Beu's book here, with Oie fn^ment of the 
^Grvrk Gospel in the Coilon Libnur^* whicli 1 take to be older 
thfti) any of tlieni. The tuking lome of tlie»e Specimens \riU 
I m« here till tbc hitter enil of the next veek^ and in tlie be- 
nning of the week following I will (God willing) wut on you, Sir, 
Oicw you what I 1^%-^ been talking about all this vrhUe. And 
I deaire. Sir, that Mr. Tbwaitea may be told (witli my humble 
riee) that I nhalt bring with mo n Scotch MS. of Receipts, an 
nriettt Lai. Kng. Dleliorary containing the word« of the Ka^tern 
liah,^ whereby Mr. Benson ntay secure many old words from 
being buried in the gmvc i>f rvrrlastiiig iiblivton ; with onr-. nnticnt 
Volnme of the Anticnt Christian PoetH, at the end of which are 
many f^tin Hymns, Odei, or Songs (or whni he pleases to cat! 
^theni], mode iti memory- uf und rclL-bratiriL; of Otdo^ Heinncli. nnd 
Caonrwl, tlic Kmperon^, Gtmnild the Emi^rcf^ nnd many others, 
with pieces of the old Teutonic Mythology, and some remabi» of 
the Francio l*oetry minified with Latin ; two Saxon Rcccn of which 
kind I hare found here & copied. 

Sir, the narrowness of my time & paper will not permit me to 
trouble yoQ much farther for tlic pr^Jtent, nor indeed, any more 
till my parting from Cambridge. 

Dr. Motifitagoe, the Master of Trinity College, invited me to 
dme with him ycsterdsy, together with the Vice-Ma«ter and Dr. 
Stubbs, where they all remetnWnNi your hesltli, with Mr. Dean 
of Christ- Church, Dr. Wake, the lleclor of Lincoln, Ac. with much 
pvpeet. And Mr. Annealey send^ you & Mr Ocnninon his very 
litinible service, and I witli my thanks and service to Mr. Deai- 

■ ConoD \f^. TitiuC. ». 



H>n, who 1 hear i< retumedf ik the vfh^lt Sodeiy, take \emvc to 
subicfibe my itelf, 

Mo«t honored Sir, 

Your moot humble & ob«(ii4;iit S^rrant, 

For Uie Reverend Dr Cbarlett, 

Master of Univimity College, 


Josfph Addist^Hi Bty, to Mr, Vhari€M Montagu, u/iertcardt Bari cf 

[Addit. M5& Brie Mn. 7131. Or^.] 

Honoured Sir, 

I am at proscnt in r place where nothing is more usual than 
mcui people to preaa into Uie preaeitoe and convCTsntion of Great 
Mcn^ and uiierc Motiesly is wj v*^ry s<yirt^ tltal I tlilnk 1 have not 
seen a Blush since my first lauding at Calais, which 1 hoj>e may 
in some measure excuse me for presucaing to trouble you with a 
Letter. But if I nmy not he allowed a little conscience of tlie 
Country, I nm »urc 1 receive in it so tnany effccta of your favour in 
the civililJes my Lard AinbaAnador has bin pteas'd to shew me> 
that I cnn't but lliiitk it my duly to make you ^u^quaitit^l with 
them, and to return my most humble TlianWs. I anj Mwry my 
Truvjulfl have ncit yet furniiht me with any ihin^ else worth tout 
knowVge. Ait for x\\^ present ntate of Learning, ihere U nothing 
publisht here which has not in it aii air of Devotion ; Dader baa 
been fnreed to prove his Plato a very good Chrifitian before he 
venture-H to tian^btte him, and lias so far comply'd with tbc IWe 
of the Ag« that \\\n whole Book is over-run wiUi Texts of Serial- 
lure, and Uje noticn of Pnc-eiialencc aupposM to be stoPn from 



two Verws out of ilitt ProphoU. Nay Uie liuniour u ^rovii mi 
nnh-orKal that 'tis got among li*e Poet>, who btc ctny day pub- 
lUhing Lpgenda and Livcst uf S^hiU in rhimc. My imp^fect 
teqcuunUn«« with ibo French Langoi^ miikcs roe incuimUlo of 
learning any more partictUar News of this kind, so that I must 
«nd my Letter an 1 be^un it, with my most humble acknovlege- 

ata for all your faroar*. I am^ honoured Sir* 

most obliged and roost 
hris, 8** 14, obedient humble «cnrcuit, 

1699. J, Addisov. 


l>r. Nardsnts MarMh, Artfdiuh^ t^ /)iiA/iii, t9 Dr. CkarUti. An 

Account qfSt, Cohmb'kiiieji GotpeU, 

fBaUanl't Lviien, vol. riii, p, 3. ^MfO 

%■ Kardnn Manb «u bont 4i HiAoSnetoa in Wilulhir In IGSff; uid ia IfiAB 
vascte«l«dafrlloir oT Eji<t<r ColLfc^, Oxford. In Ib^.l be b(r«iii« IVtnciFal of Albui 
lUUt b«t U 11?:^, by tho Ddktf gl Onnaod'tf inttrHt> th«b Lord LmtoonU of IrdnuJ, 
vaa nud* r»io*l tti Trinity Cdllrfr^ DnbHa- Tn 16H>^ h« v>a pramoted lo the 
bbbopciek of Letsblin and Feroi; uctih^Khop of Cftih«l ta 16D0; dieao« U> Dublin ia 
1699: aadto Anufhia 1703. 

A»OSf the \jaturt tram tht Bodldtn Library, rein T. p. K^t It om from trchbiifaop 
HMmb, dcuUi^ kb» pkn for ■«>Mi»>iiag « public Uhr%rf %t Dublin. a*l*<l Ma; «(fai 


He pofamcd « Matltevbia collf l-LTod of OrienuJ MjiiuHcnpU, mhldi b« be<|ueatli«d 
[aU« iMtWlU t« tbe BodleUn. He died ai DubUo, ^m. 4, ITU; tad irubuned 
In a vaatt In S<- rtutok't cborch fnr^. 

RcT^S', Nov.3l>^16!>9. 

Til fto long since I wroU to you, thnt 1 believe you have giren 
over ibe tliou^bU of ever hearing from ine more; especially after 
my having receivM three letter* frr>m you, whereunto nu An»\ter 
hftlh fct been given- But the plain truth is thi>> I wa» tn conti* 
nual expectatioD of being able to send you a specimen of St. 
(*Qlum1>-kilte3i GoHpellfl (ah now I do). But whilst I vos con- 


LftTTRIta or eMlNRNT LlTKa^nY MItX. 

cern^d in the GoTemment 'twas impoaaible far inc to attend ihs 
drawing; it out of the Bouk (wliidi 1 would not 5uiFi*r to go out uf 
my sight], & since that time for the three last months the Limner 
(whom I empIoyM far Imviiig it the. mnn*^ exactly done) tiatU so 
deludod me and drilPd mc on from dmc to timc> that I could 
never get it out of hi* bauds [he pretendini^ to draw it off finer 
out of the copy that lie took olT from tlie Book] untill now. So 
that, ex])ectiTig t^i receive it from him every week, I fttill ileferr'd 
writing to you in hopes that it might go by my first letter; untill 
the time Jmth been protracted to this unreasonable length : for 
which I do heartily be^ your pardon, & withall do retura my 
hearty thanks fur your three Letters. 

As to the abstracts of D^ Walli^* two Letters canccming the Ju- 
lian and Gre^^oriun ycarx, I am oblig'd hotli tohim& youforthem; 
St 1 prny farnur mc with my humble thanks fit h^^arty sertice to 
him tlicrcfore. Ycstord^y was brought me a short piiiited Tmct 
on the same subject; but whtrtJit-r nMVallia orno, 1 know bu^ 
not havinjE yet been able to peruse it, 

1 hftve likewise by me M' Keill's second Book (but could 
not find time to read it); T hope he hath tin this second Tract] 
moderated hi* phrase, tk not treated worthy men after the rude 
(I might say scurrilous) manner that he did in the frst part, 
&that in things uhercia his nu-n ovt^night hath hctray'd hira 
into error-* "Tis not very decent for a grax-c rcvcR^nd l>ivine to be 
ridicul'd by a young pretender to Mathematicks for axserting 
those things wherein the Divine eerlwnly is in the right, & the 
pretended Matliemiitician hait quite mistaken luK measures, and, 
aoariTig too hi;fh, luith unndvisedly dropt into the pit* SiH?h juve- 
nile inipetUHe* ought to be represHMjand the man bo brought to A 
right understanding of hiEiifldf, which he seems to vant. A targe 
super-addition of modeaty to bis parts nmy render him some way 
useful ; who otherwise will be very trouhJeaome in the Churdi« 

BogAi hm aUbiIoI Io. wm hit •• jUfJ; to Avract'i IMmo*,*^ 9to. 1C9P. 



Am to the incloaed [>a|)er, tt nrntuins the beginmiig of St. Luke's 
Goa|Mf1, wlierctn M tlir Letters of the Alphabet (except k] ftr« to 
be fuund ; & I hnvc drawn the Leiter z under the wiiting very 
exactly, and indeed have mended with my pvn olittoHt every tetter 
ftfter tJ^e Liuiner, (o timke the^n a^;rec-, jut tienr 9l% jKj^nibty I Ciiuhl, 
in «ll tbrir tenitt npiccv mth the Original, using sometimes for the 
paqwHC a ma^ifving glass for discovering tiie mure diminutiva 
linenf <tuctusc9, and appiidu^eH to the Letters. So ihnt you wilt 
liardly ercr get a more cxnct dr«u^hc ihan ibis is. Only in the 
seventh line the Letter (i) waa unfonujiatety omitted, which n in the 
tranHcript put over head thuH, qu^, but \% nut so in the Original; 
bat thus writtrr qui. When 1 say the copy is exact, I Intend it* 
u to i]\e magnitude of the Letters; iheir ligatures or connectiona; 
tbdr dbtiu)c«a( onefnim another; in a wonl you hnrehere anexikot 
draught of those fevv Lines just as thcyfit£ndiDtbeoricpnal Book, 
witlioui any difference whatsoever, as near as poMslbly I c&a dis* 

As for the Antiquitic of the writirg it shews itself plainly in its 
chantcterH & the manner of it. 

D«fore Uie Book la written ui followeth: 

Tnscnptio Mibemicis literis incJsa Cruci Argentea in open- 
uento ht^u» Libn; in IranHversH Crucii parte nomcn Arttficit 
indic4t; et in loDgitudine tribuv lineis a sinistra, et totidem a 
dexir^ ut seqmnir — 

Opoic 45117 hetr^^\r& cl^Qiy^mh' 

cHllle vo TFljun^rrjA*! TlUilrTi 

tflnwfU"o Ft shep^nn U r^ 

Hoc e#/ S^tine — 
" Oratiocc benedictio S. Coluuibw-Kills 111. Ftanio lllio MaUthitt 
regi llibcmts, qui banc (openmcnti) structiumm fieri fecit*" 

Flaunius htc. Hex llil>emiie, decesfit 8 kal. Maii, et die &abbati 
(ut in MS. Cod. Hibernioo, quod Chronicon Scotoruni dicitur) 
ftnnoierse X'uus mlgarii 916, 





Hanc InBCriptionem interpi^UtuB e«t Ro: Fl«li«rty 19 Jwi! 


Liber ftuUm hic scriptun 9st iniinu ip«iua B- C^lnmbkitliD p«r 
spAtinni lif dierum ann. Dom. S60. 

Thus fur Flalierty ; who I believe wks the author of die Ogygift. 

1 remember to have veen the nilver cro«« on the cover of the 
Book whilst I wiL» ProvoKt of the Colle^ in Dublin ; the iiiBOnp- 
tion vh^reof lie butli vbove mterpret^d. But m the time of tho 
late revolution that arivnniciitall silver CroM won token nwAy; und 
'tic veil the Book it&elf was j>rccier>-iMl, wliich b uow bound up in 
m plain brown ruugh le&tLt^m cover in -t'°. 

The writing is after the old w^y^ without uxy (good or ncaroe 
any) cUatlncdon of words [oA ycu will see by this Bp6oimen)> much 
leiA of cbapti^rs and vorn^s. Bat thoro rtc many breoku, and a 
new line begins with a great li^tter, word or wor<i«, where there is 
tt new matter. So tliat en<^h of the (bur Gospelb (and the whole 
Volume con t4»if IS no more) U divided into voriou a neeticnn; like 
to the ^I'x"' of the Ancient Gr- Copies ; but I cannot say that they 
exactly eorrevpoi^d with them. S' Jerome's Epi»tlcs to Damoius 
(together vh-itb his ten Canons of the Harmony of the four 
Go«pelU) IB pre6st, & the Title of tJie matter of every section ; 
snd the some 8i Hieromc^s Intcrpirctotion of sU the proper naotca 
in each GoHpcll ia cither prefixt or oflist to it. 

Tliis ia alt 1 tlxink necessary to say at thia time concerning the 
MS. [but if a ]ar|;cr sccount ithdl be desired 1 wUI give it upon the 
6rst notice.) Meanwhile I o^ti beg your pnrdon for being so 
tardy in this^ wliicti under ray circuinststtccs could not well be 
avoided. I renutin^ 

Rev. S', 
Your very fttfectionaie Brother* 
A humble 8er«, 






C&n^rtvtt the Potty io hiM friend Mr. Edtcard Porter* 
{Bin^'n MSS. Ad4iC. firlt. Uui. 4290. QNfJ 

*«* IVti ud die lUiKcciJioK LcEtcT VG alike i^ltantfUrbtk ot Cdo^ert'* C>lc(]r» 
uulaf ki< it|4ttn1*rj iijrlc The '*toaf puu^ trul dclii^iiw tt«ailicr" when cnMdngta 
CUii*! ud the prkv of Wia« v-hcn irnvcd there, viil prdbabl; ocouiva lome aof* 
^rlM to IW modjpra Urmrrllvr- 

Cnlaif, Aug. ll^*, Old S. 1700. 
If any lettem are left for mc before you receive tJuat, pray 
enclose 'em to be (eft at tht: post-^tcusf in Brtisteih. For 
any that Bliall come after your receipt of thin 1 will trou- 
ble you lA-itU Homc other directioii. 
Here in admir&ljl« Chamjiagne fur tvel^'e p^nce a quart, as 
^ood Burgundy for 6fttcn pence ; und yot 1 Imve verlue enough 
to teitolre to leave thin plare to morrow for St. Omem, where tha 
same vin« in half as (Wr ii^'iis uid n»ay l>e not quite so good 
(dear neighbour). Churlev and Jacoh and I h&TC ncrcr fail'd 
drinking your healthft nincc ne sav you, nor ever will till we see 
you again. We had a long pxutwigc, hut dolicatu weather. We 
i»et HtJl from Dover vn Saterday morning four n clock, and did not 
land here till nix the ^ttmc evening; nor hod wo arrived even In 
that time, if a French open boat, wliki ovit, luu) not keen utm^Ung 
towardti uh, when we were not quite half aeos over, an<l rowd uai 
hither from thence in five haur« ^ for the |>acket boat eamc not till 
this momtnj^. When I come to BrVRsellH I tthall have more to 
vrite to you ; till then I am 

mo«t humbly 

and henitily yours, 

W. CotiVKKVK. 

My hnmhie service to my nei|;:hhimr 
your mother^ Mrs, Anne, Mr.Tmven, 
not forgetting the Aleayde, who I hope 
in my abaenee may he reconciVd to 
Pun eh. 



Pbor Cb&r]«i U 3°** writiog to Mrs- Anne, ftnd •triring tctj 
lurd to Mend socncthtDg besides th« Ballftd to pleove tiernitiGlL 
To Mr. Pgrtcr, 

Atbb huu&e in Arundel Suc^t, 

H^n^t the blci* bill, 



Conyreve to dirs. Forttr* 
[»S. Sink. Brit Mb. AddiL-tfas. Onf.\ 

1 Icftve jrou to jndgc whether llottand can be 9uud to he wnnting 
in ^lUntry, when it is cuatotnary Uicrt to iitcloae a billet doux to 
a Udj in a letter to her husband ; I hare not so much u made 
mention of this to yours ; and if yon uJI fin*i, let the sin fall upon 
your head inntc«d of liifl. For my part I keep the Command-* 
menta; 1 lore my neighbour na myselfc, and to avoid ooreltng my 
ndghbour'a wife I cIcHtrc to be eovelcd by her ; whieh jon know ia 
quite another thing. About five veeka ainee 1 wrote a very |ma* 
•ioiuite to you from Antwerpi vrhieh 1 beliere you never re- 
ceived, for just now it ia found carefully put up by my mati, who 
has been drunk erer »iuce. I utidenUuid yon have not been ia the 
country; I am glad of it; for I should very much have appre- 
hchdeJ ihv (.'fTeelA irliicti itoUtudc? tnlgbt have produced, joyned 
niUi the regret nhich I know you fcvl for my nbaeuce. Take it fi>r 
granted tliat I sigh extrounly. I would have written to tlic Alc«kl, 
but llmt would make me reflect that I was at a dinlAiice from 
ber, nbicb h (lain I cannut bear. 1 would have wiiUen to your 
mother, but tliat I have changed my religion twice since I left 
Enu;1andj and am at present so unsettled, that I think it fit to £x 
before I endeavour to convert ln;r 1u my opinion, which 1 dcaign 



to ilo fts «>on ma I know what U U. 1 iiuve dUcouritt! wih Frier« 
and Mofiks of all orJcrn, wiilt stcnlotx, (rnthuKiasU, and all sectci- 
riM nF lh« reformed Churcljca, und t had the bcne^t to travel 
twelve leagues UigetUer in Guolderland with a m^d Phun^tlck in ■ 
wag^n, who prenclid to mc rU the wny tilings not to h<i writtcn- 
Prfty take carv that Mr. Kbhub has ^ood vrinc, for I havG much to 
ray to yoti over a bottle under ground i uid I hope vrithui three 
ireckft to ftntitBe yoUj that no man upon the fticc of the cnrtb, nor 
in th« eplUr, is uoiei dear neij^hbour, y{>uT faithful) 

and affectiiMiate hum bio 
For seri'antp than 

Mrs- Porter. W. C, 


4r. ofitrtmrtia jyr. John Httdsorr^ to yjr. Httmphrey $i'oni^, Sh 
Hans Shanrs dt/nathn of Bookt fo the Bodicittn Library. Drfi- 
ci*n^* ojtht Bodtman. Dr, Hnd^n undertaktu a new CaiafoffUt 

\* Mr HiulMft. ibcn M. A., •coumalaloil the drgir^^ of U. D. And D> D. in lb* 
month of Jnav 170I, ba>1afEbir«a, ** lh« |irt««Lt Lctur wktm, dIrcUd K«[tn of Ihf 
Pnll«H ■ Libnr7 i« th* prvetdinf Apnt ' 

Be made tt*i efforts in prepAiiDs ■ pcv C4UkffQ« ot the prtatcJ Uoaki In tht 
Baikka, but ^d not live to «eo it pQbtiih«d. He nii-mimtA CucUd and DionyMK la 
lUa LMttf* lib bboun on Euclid nrr prlm^ipcltr for the ■vvutunce i>r lUciory't 
cdlbM. TlH work! ot DiamsTlta ItHtJcuuuKub Uv tubTltb«J ia two Volumn, folia, 

y i:ot. 

TIm »o*t important *)f tiU nunnniuB piiUirmtion> w*» hU ttlltton of Jfliephiu^ 
vIM waa Aalibed « far u th« ihinl Imlri before be di^, lie died Not. 2Ttb. 171^. 
J««pbM wu publiihed bjbi* rncnd, Mr. AfiUwojr IIaU, in Vv«lft foUo, lltif. 

Sit, Univ. CoIK Oxf>n. Apr. 2'X 1701. 

At my entunce upon my office 1 thought myself obWjt^ii in the 

fipHt place to look into the Book of Benefactors, in order to supply 



what I knew In be wanting* There I di«covcrc<l chat no mention 
WBS made of D^ Sloan, to ulom 1 believe tlie University will give 
tome publick testimony of their respect: and iminediatcly I had 
recourse to D' Hide* to know whnt was become of tlie Cauloirue 
of hia Uook&» which I remembred to have onee seen. He told 
me Uiat he would iwnd mc tlic Catalo^c, bat he could not ioforme 
mewbat books were kept And what returned to t)ie Uuetor- and that 
the reasijn wliy be had not eiiter'd them wwt, that he thought they 
were of no great value, and it would not be much for the Doctor's 
reputation.* To thiii 1 ninH<^ no rr*ply, lielleving that he gave me 
sum cawtapro rmisis^ This you ean judge be»t of, nntJ know what 
use to make of it. 1 would not have you give the least tntiiuatjon 
of it to the Doet£ir, for 'tit fitting we nhould do him all the honour 
we cnn^ without enquiring nicely into the intrimiek w^rtli of the 
books. And aa I atn willing to doe what I ean to digest and pre§erve 
the boitkn in the Tihrnry, no 1 r:hAll endtrnvor to doe justice to oarf 
Bf neffti^tiirji, in order tn excite nthrrii t/> the Kftmr grni'rn*ity. Tlie 
condition of onr Library is such that we extremely want the assUt* 
anee of kindly dispoft'd periionM ; nnd when they are Kati^fied of it, 
T fancy fhey will not be Hackward to promote xogood nwork. For 
this end I purpose ( with a little of your help) to make a Catalogue 
of our imperfect Books, of the Book* we want that have boan 
printed tn Rnglaufl, and of aiich foreign bonkfi aa a pnhlirk Ijbrsry 
should not he without. It mav he in your way to penuade some 
of the Bookftellera in London to what they are in some meaaora 
obliged ; and 1 wish you would try Smith 9c Walford for Cowper^a 
Anatomy, and the Philosophical Traii a actions, our sett reachio^ 
not far, and being imprrfect tn the tint Voluraea. When I come 
to London I ^hall make some attempts : and if the Bookaellera 
deny me, I design to apply myself to the authors by way of letter. 
But this as I have leisure, the new Catalogue, which I resolro 

tiK Bodldiin Library, tt», t»13, tol, I p. iTf. 



upon^ rrquiriiig mil the time I 

from Euclid and Diony~ 


siv«, 1 li&vc but ^uiiv t1irou|^1i Uic loller A in Thvulu^y, »nd Iavq 
dU<x>X'€re<l a grcMt matiy uuth^m omitleJ ; ao tlmt uur Cabtloguc 
must uf ncocnsit}' avcll to two folios ivm big ah thnt ulrcaJif printed. 
Pniy let QIC soukctimc-s hear from you, and be plcaa'd on yuur part 
to begin vour Curresputid^fnce wliidi you frankly promised mc^ 
and for which I nlinll be vrry mucb obliged to you. My service 
to all Friends and Acq uiuiilai ices. 

I am ill baate, 
For Your most humble Servant, 

Mr. Uumph, Wanley, J. Huosorv. 

to be left iiiUi Mr. Gore, at 
Gray's Inn Gate, 



*,* 11m! KffUter of HetirfAcltonit to thr Bncll^iiiD Libnt^ records 5ir HAoe SlouCf 
tt diffcftDl iIdkv, bolh b«fvr« uid aCict the tUCB of t>i. Uudiun'i I^tteri u % 
1ik*i«^ AtDtHbDiar^ Thi flnl ttttty copUIth 4 lUt ot tlghtj-lmo bnaka s'*'*" ^7 ^im, 
bnt «nth ih» moailorf note prtitttA thai Ehr^r wore " prieEer oHo* in itLEfiorl furmn pins 
vriaw qninEfiEo*-" Thr bkoqlI «DtrT lUtn Ihac h« garr *pven Dutch anJ GtrmiiB 
worts. Ui ■|4eld«d, " ui ct dioi, numrro trt." Tha third compnstB • hdl of flUtj- 
fb«r Wof ka givCD b j bin "prolcr tlioi in miuori fgrma pLiu miau* i|UBdi^n|(eaLo«/* 
ThU iMt nntrr he^n AmJe V.<M. Tn 1710 U tnnrhnr Itat of nmHy-tirn Konba. ^rvn 
'*CiUii mnltii kTiiiiD mirtori fomm/' la 1717 be f»T« fifly.flw hoaU. n ItftCof whidi 
OCiffan« 1b 17 JIi ^' vAjE^f vhDp nunrrr (cniiMiinio ijr«trhii BudlfiArmt lucuplcrnrit/^ Iq 
nui«ali*tar one handrcl And ffjor Work* gircn by him : and U nas he addvil 
oBoikcr ^oBattou of fourtetML 


I.STTB«« or SMIXB?^ l^trBBAKr UOf. 


Mr, JMv* Tipper to Ifmmpkrff $VmUy, mmmtmmfit^ /Ar fr^fftiad 

[Hart. HS.3:«?, feLlTa Or^'j 

iMtomtepiM^ «» I h i w lrw, <f ftoi e^ fnif ii«n k«t ifaxir iM M iia ^ aBy 

■BlaiAftiiiB In lfa« CiBfjaf rwiini, tli* pmpnrtar m crftkt Wact, tht tt<y far* 
■toel hto rtJ>w in cDttoM k, tip>»rfcn fc^'pty to Ifa rtti^tiua 

7WMit«4iBorawiM«tHe>tk,whoa»M^llwDitff *0Bi:«iui;£3. H« 
•V m Ulf.p«r oA» sT UT«lid«. «fe4 th« vdUor «f « aaiv pwltdai ««*fc. c^rd Ite 
Ptlwaiia. u nU V HOC otbcT «Of%^ aov MtiMlf lam*ti>. tU tTtTrrlrl tdwI 
M^cnn ror tedl^ tha iMfta^ Mi k« ■band Iht A^b— air ILipi mI BmN tf 

Viidf »«d> tht Diirj • vrtkk fo lo> BCWffilElj; Md, ttto tahsH t^" - i r. 

B^MnM, via U ifp w J to bat* MilMil ka ia Ui >piralnfa— ■ la pMtMW, W 
«vtiff«kBl Wrmi dl bouai v^M* Mf. TbottMS«p«a, KwH^abnaW^. 
p«f* to b«Tr ncrrtuavd fntt nsoMr. lU. b«*ei«r, to ih* cad, h«4 tb« ««ni4f 
tW coaboivnj. bf b« «■# vxpdkd Ero« tba «dito«iUp «iiJi ^iignn, b4 w mt- 
cee to d >y to ttr^ 

W i f pa BiafctCB J a< w«rtt Iw ItM to ItGO. wd nn ft fte Ufk 4«m W 

iwiwto Mlj «hkfcUhM«witooe w ih <i ii rt H« vrtito b » btotlf, —far imJim 
ri^Umi. Mck AiUvftMlirMbp, KibcmCo, Purkk<KCuvB«afa, AnlfaovjSUtov, 
Ef^TlBDikT Do««», WvMdnkc lU^MB. Md p«a«blT«ei«ti MhM. 0«^ 
lUip«fi0d.bkfriad Ur.UBdaBO«Htof^lr«a«Crfbttilottewvt. St«pM»«cd 
to IT(I. vad to III* vtttm jr-v, Ur, E^Hfd > » W M>a tiriwi lb* tdttdr, vd «oatU 

sudiDtaiUita«b.totrT3. FraBiUicte«tol«t8it««n^rib«UidfaMitoa 
dl Dr. U^Uft, «to) to Oat r«r ralffMd Ac «dliKiftip tfit to Ito Mokd Dr. OUtfhM 
Gtf«|wy, rtn w Jactgd tW ■orh riU gwi crtdit tfl kk dttth to 1840. la I&4I ite 



Ia^S' tnd QailbniHD'i Diarj net* uatCod (or a* lOinA at ih^tr i^'-ottrMyon^ctiU ft- 

prwAtd Uvcrc oi wrleJ j 4ml jiuUlUlKfil iimler che ittliror '< Thi; L4d)^*inniIG«ittI«aian'ft 
Diarj." Mi, W. S, B. WtrolbDnu. tctiaij of IIlp Nitlurul Loin Puoi, Lifv, ftad 
Ab&uity Qfiot, fa aow ih0 EdiCur- The work !■ itill mo«t abl; condacted : Ibe nar- 
iIH ]4if tiprricKlnf all lb« fceucAttof an Lauilccioal uDlon- 

S«l(«tli>nft fron iUj v«rk bf iwo oft^ur mOHe omiotfat aaktbtmatiflini h4T« ftpp««r«tt 
is •«p«nl« pablk«lio<i>« m- 1- ''The Di^mn MUoeUuiy ; cotutfting of all lliit tK«ful 
and CcUrUinipf Furu, boLh Matbraistical aiul PooIjcaI, ri(raet«d from the iMdj't 
Dimrjf frvin Itic rtcflanlag of Uut vork in Ibe ^tar 1704, dawn to ilit <'nJ of the ytur 
17T3' Vlib m^ay adtlLtloaat Sotulloaa aaU Eibprovfiueaii, lu Av« lolumira. Bj 
CJu. Hnaos, FR.S Pnr«4»>r ^f MfirhcrnJirW in cW !ln;*l MiliUrjr Apiddmj,*- a*o. 
Liw4. ITT^. 7. '*T1itf Mitbtmatical QufidoiiB [iroiiOKril in the Lidy*i Diary, anJ 
Ibcir tf^clnal AiktiHr*« (OKvthfr frilb aoin* now Solutions, tmm iti cnrnm^nMnieDt 
b Itw jear 17CM to IfllG. lo fouj volacaci- Bf Tbomu LvybciarD, of lb* Rojit 
UOUarj C«]ltcc," ar». Lood. 1017, 

DcftrMr.WftnW, Wc<irM?s<Uy, Nov,3, 1703. 

I am heartily g1a<l your dear 8bt«r tt ao hiip{>ily maUiU'd to 
Mr. StcTcnji, n wiae, in^ntious, and dUcroct man; and do not 
duubt of tHcir happy nnd ngrccublc cohftbitAtton, I should be 
equally ddij^litcd to bc«r of yaur owti wcl/orc, and liow you prcH 
cccd in order to your advancement. 1 Trcqucntty »cg your mother, 
who would be extremely ptcodcd wiUi the nmtch, iroro it not thut 
it bcre4vc5 her of the dear oonverMition »f her darJing dnughtcr; 
but alie begins to be niueh more cMy At the lo»« when the cx- 
chuigo h«!» been to so great on advantaj^e. 

1 oomc now t<> tell you of an affitir of my own, via- T!iiit tJiis 
year will be puhliiihcd of mine (on Tuc^d/Ly come BevtMititght} an 
Almaaaeh, called 7^^ Lad^s Diar^f or the Homan's /fimanackt 
desired for the M>le use of the Female Sex, and I do not doubt 
bat jrou will promote thv Sale of it aa much oa possibly you »ti ; 
but the Company of Stationers hare made it \ dearer botrk than 
any they have printed this year, whidi I fear will lessen the aalc 
thereof. But tliin being the flrat iUmauack printed peculiar fi>r 
the Piur Bex, and under the Rei^ of a glorious Woman, aome 
would advtM me to dedicate it to the Queen, in some sueh General 

CAMD. «OC< 2 K 



l>e<liojition as this, ti> be printed on b l«ftf by ttwlf niid nnnexed 

* To the Qucen^H most Excdknt Majesty; tlm Lady's IXary^ 
' or Womnn'fc Alrnannck, bein^ the 6Tat thtt vas cvrr pitblbh^d 
' tor the peculiar use nf the Fair Ho.%, ii witb all bumility dedicated 
* toyoor mcKtl Sarrrd XfajcAty, by your Mnjt^Kty** most humble 
' and most obedient Subject and Servfint^ 

J. T/ 

But I cnnnot pouiibly Attend it nty flotf. lint if you vrould do 
Nurli n thing for your Friend, I voiild freely part with onr TTiird 
or more of the advnota^e [ifanv should happen) arising thereby; 
but if notify »hrmh) }>p Jittainrrl, thru 1 vould repay you for the 
cha^ of the printed leaf. Take mirh methods wi jou shall 
think moat meet to tterre your self and yoor firt«nd, 

J. Tipper* 
To \fT. llnmfrpy Wanley, at 

Mr, Berendours, in Now Street, 
by Fetter L4Uie. 


Mr, Tipper to Mi\ tt'^cnlpy^ T^e Arran^etnent ond Cmtmit 0/ the 
L^^M JXttiy, His neffOfriation with th^ HialionerM' Comp^sny/or 
Hi m/^. The Dedicution^ 

Dear Mr. Wanlcy, Nov.S*^, l?03- 

I received yours, And thank you kindly for your advice and 
dtrectioDf for indeed 1 know nothing of the manner ho\T a Dedi- 
cation ought U> be made, and what pTeTioaa caution ought to be 
used. .'V» for Uie Ladiet Diary, it coii»iits of a I'reface to the 
Fair Sex, containing titc Ilappinesa of England uiuler Uie Rei^ 
of Qaoen t^luabctb and the present Queen; vitb an Account of 



the subject of tin* prt'svnt imd future AJmtTUicIt!* (if any be); then 
foUuws & Copy of VcrscB in praise of the <iui!«n vbich wrerc lurtu- 
My flpokeu (witli ijUii;ra)aitbe Major's Parlour by one of tho blcw- 
oirtt Boys (lit the last Tbanks^ving daynbout the Vigo buRiiieas) 
with universal opplausc. Then follow* an Account of ibc Calt^n* 
dar at large. Then tJtc Catemhit It self on one side (of cnch Icwf ) 
and on tJie other adti an account of Bills of Fiuv for each Monthj 
iiriil nl'w Mtdicinnl and Cookory receipts coDccte^L from tJ>e beat 
authors. 'ITten succeed* ilie Coramon Xolcs of the year, the 
four Terms, Uie Timea when Mnrri.-^^e cornea in and out. the 
Kcbpsca, &a all in one page. After this is the second pan of the 
AlED&nack, which contains the Praise of Women in gcnenO, vp-iih 
Arectlona of Lore and Munin^e, intermbt mth deiightful sloric«. 
TliCTi i:nsucsth(? Mnrriaj^ Ceremonies of diven Nation*, together 
with so'cral Enigmas, some explained arid others omitted to be 
explained ttU next year [all tlii« second Purt is Intennix'd vritb 
Pdetry, tlic best of the kind to the best of my judgement) ; lastly 
is a Table of the Birih* of all tin- Crowned heads in Europe, with 
the time when they bcfjan toreign, and how long ihey have reigned, 
Tlie Calendar part ( I ^ould have noted before) has a great variety 
of Particulan all at length, because feA* women make reflections^ 
OP arc able to deduce consequences from premise-s, Tl»e Title- 
page 14 to this effeet, ** Th« Lady's Diary or Women's Almanaek ; 
" eontatntng Directions of Love and Marrioge^ of Cookerj-, Prc- 
" serving, Perfumery^ Bills of Fare for every Month, and many 
** other things peculiar to the Fair Sex ;" and indeed is the First 
ever pubUshed of tlie kird. It contains no Secrets of Women, nur 
any expression to offend thccha»itest car. Upon the llilo-page i» 
the Picture cf the Uueen in copper, which I am promised shall lie 
(and I hcr|)e now is) xtry well performed. And tlius you have an 
exact Table of the whole, trhidi tho' it is not ail lit for a Queen, yet 
it ia all designed peculiarly for the Women. 

Hie Company of Stationers never give any thing for the 
fint year of any New Almanack. But of many tliey take bond 


that if they c&nnot sell the 6rst imprtssion, to take off 1,000 or 
some Auch Num1>er to s&ve them harmless. But for mine they 
accepted it »t first wight, and promiHecl to give me one hundred of 
« present, and if it cornea to be printed another year, then they 
vPiU pve me prniKirlionate to whnl !hey (five others. But they 
have made it dearer by one hulf than any Almanack they have 
printed this year, which a little discourages mc Had they made 
it of equal rate with tlie other 1 did not doubt the sale, bat now , 
know not what wiU he the issue : but if it had been presented 1 
the Queen I then should not doubt a good iaaiie, most Ladies fol- 
lowinit her exAmplL\ 

Pray let mc have your opinion upon it. I aent the Copy to 
M' Bonwyck at the Ited Lion in St, Paul's Church Yard ; he 
niunoged the whole f<jr me ; and 1 suppose he could procure a 
printed Copyt for I have no Manuscript Copy by nie, for I was 
told the Company would hardly meddle with a New Almanack, 
which made me send tip the Original; but when they .saw it, they 
approved of it at first sij^ht^ ns 1 said above. If you think the 
Dedication improper for the Queen (tho' I'lrker dedicated his 
Ephemeria to her thiii last year, aitd if I tnifttake not^ so did Salmon 
also !, what say you to the Liuly Craven ? And I dcaign to pre- 
sent some of tliosc that are to be given nie to divers Gentlewomen 
up and down^ enclosed in a short Letter in tliese or tlie like vrords. 
*^Miid«ni, ThtM being tlie first Almanack ever published for the 
"pccuharusc and diversion of the Fair Sex, is with all humility 
** and defereuce presented to you by. Madam, your most humble 
" Serv,a]it the Author, J. T/' 

Pray ^cnd nic your judgement whether I had best do this 
not, and if this form is suflicient or not. 

I hear your great friend, the inrompamblc Dr, Wallis, is dead, ' 
and would gladly know if Capt, Halley is likely to succeed him. 

1 find the Company of Stationers this year hiia not printed 
l^arlicr's Kpliemeris^ nor Gadburys, nor Parrot* Almanack, for 
winch 1 much wonder. 1 have sent for the last Philosophical Trans* 


f Mr. ElUs^s Letter^ and T shall not f^il of buying the 
ii«tt, to «c whit you sfty upon Printing, which I <louht not i» tlwj 
Etfiut mil be coctraordinanly iv«ll doitc- 

I >h>ll K""© jour duty to yoor mother this Evening. 1 have 
told Mr. Blundcl your errand: and if there i« any tiling that I 
ttn tcrre you in^ 

You may command 

Your Friend and Scrvmnt, 
^^r J, TiFPfiit. 

Mr. HumfreyiVanley, 
ftt Mr- Bcronclows, in New Street, by 
Fetter Ltne^ 



Mr. T^pjier to Mr^ IVai^hy. Upon the siUe qf hh Dtary^ and the 
rec^mmmdation of it to the Lading of the Court. 

[Haxl. M6. 37»2, art. iTtf. CVij.J 

Dear Sir, Nov. 15, 17<)3, 

1 titaiik you hevtily fur your kind AdncCi ^m) do luf^urc you 
thnL betides yourself and M'^Boim^xk, M^ Iltirl and hitman, ntid 
Charlea Milwaril, there is not a soul kjiows that I ever intended 
Xq write tl»e Ladies Diary; for I have hee:i so verj' secret thereiii» 
tkat nrithcr M' Grecnway, M^ Blundelli nor tto much as my 
wifet nor H\e most familiar friend I hate, had ever the leant inti- 
i&atjon of it, nor know rot to this thiie (except my wife and those 
tbovemenlioQcd) that any such thing is done ; becanae if the Com- 
pany of Stationers had n^fused iU no soul but Hurl aiut Bonwyck 
vhould hare ever known it. and now it la done it xhoult) never go 
ftny further for nte, were it not ab>olately necessary to promote tlie 



Sale of itr and to dispose of thusu the Company iltc lo girc mr. 
And indeed I sent theni woixi by Mr* BoDwyck, that if they n'ouLd 
sell off the Imprcsnion at th« rat« of ollinr A]mAn«ck« 1 votil<l b« 
at the diarge of the Copper platc> and would give them the next 
year*a Copy s^tis, mid this was to no other intent but to conce:Hl 
my ftelf from the World, for th^n I doubted not but its mIc vrouJd 
be equal to tlie hest of ^em, except Partridges; (but seeing now 
they hare raiseil them 1* per doaen, and that the sellers will get 
something by them if they meddle vith tlicm, the price will be odd 
and unusual, aft to hinder the sale among tlie Hawkers, vho are 
the chief pernouH that spread an ALmatiack tkbrciud, and make it 
known to the World.) But to this proposal I haTc yet receiTcd 
no Answer, so that I suppose the Company will not alter their 
price. Now I presume by iny lutcrest in the Town and Countryi 
I could procure the ftftle of a goud many doscoa, but then 1 must 
own it; and seeing [ have be^n, 1 would not if possible be 
baulked in my first cssay^ nor bu reproached if it did not deserve 
a aeeond Impression, for it will be known one time or other 
who did it ; and were it not for this thouglit, 1 should not be the 
leftsl solicitous to promote its sale, and I am still unresolved 
whether to discover myself in ttic matter or not, and shall deter- 
mine nothing till 1 have your opinion^ wlneh I hope will be by the 
next Post; and I desire you to be as free in your censure as you 
ought to be to your best friend, because you know the world mucb 
better m this case than I. As for your advice of making no I>^ 
dication to this, I shall follow Itj and not only at present in this 
case, but if ever 1 moke any other attempt 1 shall thankfully 
acquicsi^e in it also, I suppose you may have seen it by this time, 
& pray give me your judgement freely upon the whole, and you 
will lay unspeakable Obligations upon. 
Dear Sir, 

Tour most humble Servant A real 





t hare told M' Hurl where M' OatervrHld'a Cattiechism 
U sold, I ahidl aUo be coUw:ting at mj- l<:isure a Oiro-» 
nology of tJie ino«t cminMit Women of the Wor1[l, 
ftccording to the munncr and form you preweribe, which I 
like rexy weU. I never opened my moutli to nny soul 
ftbout & Dedication except to younclfftTid M' IIvrL 

Dear Sir, If that most worthy and ingenious friend of yours 
yoQ mcniion in your Letter, j*hall oft«r j^crusal of ihe Dinry think 
itnot artwoithyaUo of tlic perusfd of tlic LnJks, and if you can 
persuade him to present the Ladies of the Court, or Maids of 
Honor, with three or four of them (not as from ihc AiiUior but as 
from himself), with & recommendation that tliey arc tin fit for their 
pcruail as any other Almanack jiuhUshed this year; this would 
in£alhbly promote the Sale of a good number of them; becau»e 
abundance of women follow the example of the Court, for no 
other reason but because t/te^ do so. If by your interest you can 
persuade the Gent to condescend %o far, I would beg of you to 
In^ mx of 'em, and get them bound as you thiiik fit for that pur-> 
po«e, and 1 will repay you with a thousand thuiik», for thmt will as 
much promote the sale (which ia the main thing I aim atj aa if it 
had been dedicated to them. 


Mr- Wanley, at Mr. Bercnclow's, 
in New Street, Fetter Lane, 


JTfce same to the mme. 'fke preparation of iht Lady'9 Diary for 

a tecQJid year. 

{HuL MS. JT»2. Art. i;S. Orv.) 

Deur M' Wanlcy, 
The Company of *iiationcr» have vent for my Almanack for 



>r KiiirfPNi 

next year, and they tell me I must »end it forthwith, or it will 
be too ktc. I thuug;ht I hue! two months time before me, and so 
vrafl not so forward as 1 mitrht^ but 1 have done all the Calcrdnr 
part, aad indeed near all the rest but the last sheet, I have 
thought to put in some nc^- Song, provided it vrti% x good one, 
and never in print. I should hare pat in " Dear Albano," tliut 
you gave me when you was in Towiij composed by Mr. Wcldon 
(if I could huve procured his consent so to do), but I have unfor- 
tunately lost it. Pray, if you have by you a very |^od song, never 
in print, or can procure one, to send it me per next, for they must 
have it forthwith, or else it will be too Utc, 1 designed indeed to 
bavc nrotc to you about it sometime since, but thinking I bad 
time enough, forbore. I shall fill one Page with a Chronology of 
famous Women, according to your directions Inst year, I think 
to put ill Eve, Deborah, and Jael, Queen of Shcba^ Delilah, 
Jephtha'a daughter, Esther, Susannah, Judith, Che Virgin ^f3Uy, 
Lot's Wife; out of sacred Story: and Helen, Cleopatra, Roxana, 
Hero, Lucretia, Penelope, Alceste, Semtramis, Boadicea, Zenobia, 
Queen Margaret, Queen Elisabeth, and Uueen Anne, or as many 
of theni as a Page %vill holti. But for the ages of Susannah and 
Judith, and of the rest that follovr (except the two last Queens), t 
cannot yet find out. I have not Helvicus's Chronology' by rae. 
Fray send me word in what Books 1 may be furnished with the 
time of their Jiourishtng, and which of litem may be best spared, 
for each one's character in short will take up two lines, and con- 
sequently the page will not hold above eighteen, I fear tlie Packet 
will be gone out. Send me a speedy Answer. 

July 11, 1704. J. Tipper, 

My Service to Madam Stevens, 



Mr* J^er io Mr, Wanley ; to obtain CapL Haliey's calculation 
offainst the Sun's Eclipse in 1706, Enquires after Astronomical 

[HatL USS. 3782. art ITS. Or^O 

I should be heartily glad and very thankful if you could procure 
of Captain Halley the true time of the Beginnings greatest Obscura- 
tion, and End of the Eclipse of the Sun on May day l/OG. He 
calculated the Sun's Eclipse some years ago to a minute by a new 
Hypothesis of his own when others were shamefully out ; and I 
am loth to depend upon ray own Calculations, having no other 
Tables by me but Vincent Wings Harmon, Ctclest. and Shakerlys. 
I have laid out for the Caroline Tables and Mr< Flamstead's (in 
Sir Jonas Moor^s Mathematicks) but cannot yet succeed. Pray 
send me word what is the price of the Captain's Maps of the 
Fixed Stars, and if they be projected the same way as Father 
Fardees. I hear there is an Ephemeris yearly published by the 
Boyal Society called the Royal Ephemeris, Tf there is any sucb> 
let me know where I can buy one. 

Feb. 12, 1704-5. Dear Friend, 




Mr, Tipper to Mr, Wanley, The increasing sale <^ the Diary ; 
and schemes /or its further improvement, 

[Harl, MS. 3739. art. 179. Orig.} 

Dear Mr. Wanley, 
I am glad you are about a Collection of Italian Musicj for, if I 
have any taste in that kind, it is the finest in the world, 
CAHD. Boc. 2 8 


Lfitrenft Qf KWfTCSVT litsrart mux. 

My Almanacks sold thi« year beyond mine? and Uie Comptny 
of SUtionera cxpecUtlon, so that of -1000 Vp'l^ch Ihey printed, thfly 
IimI not on« left by Ncw-Ycar0-ti<l«. But 1 wiu forced to re^ 
trench it half a slu^et to make it of the flame price of others* I 
bave tvith much ado got you one of cacli^ wlik'li 1 vrill send up for 
you ahout o fortnight hence to Mr, Bonwyck, where if yott coll» 
you may t)icn liave them. Tl^c page of Chronology I put Li upon 
your rtiCoinniGndatioii, hut there i^ .niiHi different nceoutila in time 
between Br Uiber, Bi" Lloyd, Ilclvicus, Dupin, &c- thM I could 
scarce fix upon any thing. If you think it convenient to continue 
that pAgc this ycAr^ I vrould dcairc you to correct the Gpoeha of 
some of the particulars^ in which I fcur I have been decetTcd by 
my Memoira, 

Tbesubjectcf my laalShcct^ iti the nc^it Year, 1 design shall be 
upon the lllsttjry of famous Women, particularly of ttie most 
illustrious Queenii, Of Kilucetlion of Clulilmi. The Slorie» ui 
tlie Man Unit frighted himself. Of the unritrlunaU? AblK>t, conti- 
nued, Sec. If j'ou know of any otiier subjects more useful mid 
dcUj^htful (if thcacarc not taking tuiough)^ t sliuuld thaink you to 
be informed. 

As for whiit you write ubtnit. your shewing my Project the last 
year tc the Royal Society, I do not remember you tiTolc anything 
to me about it. I onely de^red to know which of the two methods 
I aent you Specimens of, vras the most eligible, for I know they 
were done by Vulaquft, Ac. before ; but 1 desiign^ if I should under- 
take »ueh a thing, to calculate «omc of tlie first part of the Table 
down to ACDiincIs and tl)ird», which liath not (as 1 know of) been 
hitherto done by any. 

I hear you hare lately published another Book; I should be 
glad lo know the Title, that I might have one. I wonder you did 
not mention it to me in your last. 

I Hhall send up, with ynur Almanacks, my Spelling Book to Mr. 
Bonwick, to be printed. I would know of you whether it would 



ht proper to f^'Oiuni<!tid It (in my next Almanack) or not ; or wIm*- 
tbcr I HikI }K%t pat my nfttno to it or no* 

Pray <lo not forget mo whca you ncc Captv Hall«y ; And isk lump 
which art the bcftt >(Qpii of hi^i of the I^x^ Star*^ whether tho» 
dcHie on biic ah^ctSy or llioitc on tvro, for I want 'cm, &nd 1 don't 
vahie the price* hot 1 tronld have Uic iitoat esact. 

My kind Lovt luid humble acrviec to Mrv. Stephona. Mr* 

Hunipcrvl^y prcncntai HU service : and a&sure yotirv^lf that among 

wM your friendt* and corrcapondentn there ara none that have a 

i;rtttt«r )<ive or real reapect for you, than 


Your alneen Friend and Servant, 

J- Tiprsn. 
For Mr- Wiiiley at liU Lodgingn orer 

ftgsunat the IMpw PuiU tn Duke Streetj 

York Build mg^a, 



Dr. HViuM DeH^m to Richnni Towneley^ E»q, Requests him io 
keep a Rahi'JovmaL Fairick's Barojneters. Mn Sharp. £t^ 
ptrimfnti on i fie Air- Pump, 'I'h4^ new C'gnlrwtince 0/ appi^fing 
prtciOMM Slortes to fVotcket. Remarks feeding Sounif. Hawks- 
tee's Jir-i'umps and Barometers. 

[MS. tHich.4!ff\ foUTa-l 

%* Ur. WlUiAin D«rfaiai mm tQo waXh^t uf Uie wai'Loovrn •orkj tulilkil Phfugo, 

UehuJ T*>i»»eWof To#ndc7.EaS' towUmhw LctUr w addwwd, vii ibc eWcat 
loaof Ch&rlcBTovnc]fT,w1k<jw4*ibJu nt lite baUl« of Utfitva Moor oa Auput tbn 
4|i>r3d, IC*4,ftQdwuWricd[>ntbcfldiJ> RicbAjd Towwley mutrttaUi 1638. Dr- 
f w*, tb« iiAlunI bent oT liU mlndi and tlia diRn^io vf ibe lime*. •f^MV l« 
t %ti 1il» tv * rtcir«d And jfadLoiu (ovtM or lifp. Hi« ■([■laui«aU Jhi ft philcioptior 
utA matfifiMitHrT arc ukaoKledK^d ta ha<« bvt-a oomidcnblc- 

«^ of ki* cariUr r<«« *^ro vptul tt Noc«o«k, to (itfttii thcD bv1«tt|i&C to (fae 
^^f tctflibfobi but BiKni ibfl Unl^rftlion, h« irai compdllod la <&UfOiO of Uia 
Ordtf (a kca) tbe tcckctita inaAe b^ »c<iuc«tr*Uoo> » «iid (tvai UiM d»o tilt lOas ^tm 



an«r the mmlAgT of bU im, IGA^, 1i* <<MUbd piifidpHllr at Ttmtit{4y. Ife Ibm 
remurcd i>} York, vlierc the iirctcm LtlUr b iddMMfd lo him, and where be di«d 
Juuatf ^, i:0|.- 

In Lclgh'ft Hblorr of LancaaUrr, H. ii, p, 17, U a LvUnr of hU Co Dr. Croon, #a 
tlu Ib'cnlloa of *d iMtrufticnt (ot lUiiiHns ■ Tool into 40,O'H> pvU^ thi<t. p* ffl. 
anolber Letter on the qun&tlir af lUia which h*i1 rAllen moaUilj mlTo^w^t^f fnm 
Juvarj IG77 to De«mbcr XG^'S, Ibid, p. 'IG, Lli Accoonl of oa Eclipse ot tht S«d, 
In i Lftttn Letter lo flimrteeMl. 

Sr^ Upminftter, Mw- 48» IJOB- 

Tour* from Yorti oftni« aafely to me> nnd !(hDii1d sooner hftT« 
received cny answer, but tbftt I could not lutisFy Jane of your 
roqiK^U tilt I rotild go to London. I vrish you much h&ppiness 
ill your abode at Vork^ and >iope th»t you tvUl irDprore it aa you 
did at Towneley with your curious usefuU Pli]loioiiht<All obiierva* 
tione. T carrciilly intreat yon (o got the utonHtU Tor obsoirnng 
the Quiititities of Uuui ivUicfi hU at York, which will be nn expe* 
rlmcnt exoucdiiigly acceptable to everjr eurioui person. And I 
am gbul to iird by ^our Ic^tt^r tbat you have taken care to lkav« 
the Rain observed at Towneley Btikl. If tlie raina of each day 
there cunnot be exactly noted, yet if t)ie raiot tn each month be 
wcU ob«erred, it may 4ul!ico, and I nhM tnke it an n ^vour to 
have them reported to me. 1 doubt not but you youraelf will be 
much plcojted to <£«covcr whether tliere be suijt or wliat eonai* 
dei&ble diffemnee between the quantitiea of rain at Tott^nolay and 
Y'cwk (Wtli northern towns). Ilio difloreucie also between the 
altit«ide of York aboro the acA and that of London I ahall he 
gW to know, wiiich a portable Barometer will nearly ahew^ eape* 
ciaLljr if it be of KVnck'n making. For he hath very good 
Judf;mait in those aorta of Inatrumetita, baring trycd mere eipc- 
rimcnta about them than any one bcaidca, and also invented 
acveral himself. You may proWdv tiavc observed, aa wclJ a* 1^ 
tliat a Bart^mctcr Ailed ai diiTcrcnt times, ahall have ita f of dif- 
ferent heighta. And therefore I^ilnck*B way ia to fill all Ida cta- 

* Wlkab«r*« Uut> uf \bl>lkr, 4lo. Uad. IHU| pp. 4M, «aa. 




tema till tho 9 ^^ tho cmvtM ia cquall to thai of Iuh ktanclaixl Bniti' 
meti^r, vitUout tneisuring or regarding tlie diftUince betit'cvn tho 
wcAtljer platCA and tlio ci«tcm. Only he Ukcn all pantible oire to 

f fllMir th« 9 tn the cav« of air, for which purpo«e he hath jtrctty 
oontn varices. 

Mr. Sliaqi (which ycm mention) clcmrvctb the chftrncter jou 
givo of him- Uo wm» bred under onr fnciid Mr. FlAmstoftd, and 

^ g^YO gr«ftt asstBUinco in the niuking the \f urul Quudrant at the 

' Obaerwtory {the bc»t Instrument in the world without doubt). 
He i» not onlv aii ox<;c]lciit mMhcmatidaiit but obo a good mo* 

.Otidinick) an a|)|)Oftr9 by a noble Micrromctcr of his contrivance and 
xntking, which he not lon^ «incc presented to Mr. Flametcad, 
wfcioh I hav^ dircn timtii »ecn. I wifth 1 had tiw happinoti o( 

^ twing Acquainted with him. 

Httfibg mentioned Mr, FlaiDstc&d, I cannot but tell you the 
good new»> that his CitUlog^ie of the F>x»t StArrn (a work of nuny 
yearn)} with other piece*, arc now going to be publiabed ; tlie 
Prince hikth undertaken the charge, hirI ordered eight hundred 
and sixty odd puunda itJUAnla iU 

Among my t?x|>erinienla in the Air-pump, 1 with great care and 
•sadness tryed whcUier the vacuum effected thegolngof a poekct 
Iratch, but none at all could 1 discover. The watch was a well 
adjufttvd iwndulum watch {in> <:iil]ed) ; I trycd it divers hours and 
diren timca in the KcceiTer, uncxhaui^tcd and exhausted ^ aiTtbe 
tame pitch of the sprinKv but there w&h not die leabt alteration 
tbat 1 could |>erceive, eitlier in the vibrations of the bnlluni't*, or 
tbe watches going. And certainly if the iiir was the nmsc of the 
tUstidty of springs, a*i some Itave iinagiited, it would have been 
perodred In no tender a moveoient as a pocket watchj lying under 
the ^icrpctual influence of two springs. 

liie new contriTimce of applying precious stones to watches 1 
had the good fortune to h<o when Mr. Facio, the inventor, aiid an 

I Ingeniotia man, and Mr. Debaufre, ttic workman, preacuted their 

L^Vatcbeij to have the approbation of U» Royal Society. I foand 



ihcy LaiI a better opintoti of tlieir uiveiiiion Uian 1 could hmim : 
for I never thouglit it to dnen^c an Act of Parliamcsit. The 
whole contrivatiee is^ that they have found oat a way to drill 
predout atonea^ aa comduuka and rv«n diamonds, thcr say- One 
of these drilled atones they 6x in the cock^ the other in the 
bottom of the portance only to carry the hallance; which doubt- 
leaa it doth better than when it playeth in brasi, and ao far amj 
be {;ood» thougli not to that etnit»«nt d^ee *i they would have it 
tbou^it. Thia ia all n% )-eL Rut tbcy a^i^rwed un aUo two 
aHm rontnvancea of Crown wheels with the ballance backward 
and forward, which I cannot eaAiljr deMcnbe by words ; one of the 
i^ODtrivancea hai! precioui stones for the pallets of thr baUnnne, 
but I do not think that tlMte crowu^wheeli (pr rather atuddcd 
wheels) and lull^'fn did exceed the common cruwn-wheels and 
pall4Sta; I mther quetitioii wbeiher they wvre so good. *1^ cer- 
tain their bAllftnccs neither roored more equally than tlie conimon 
oncn, neither did they circumvoKc more, Ono of those contri- 
Tancea I retneniher I saw some years before in n large wooden 
house watch contrived and made hy one Mr. Westell^ an iJigeniooa 
gentleman in London. 

1 am oxtreaoily obliged to )-€U for your olwerrBtiona about 
Sound* I liavc ulnorrcd that Snow interposed dutlt much dump 
Bounds \ but I never had the opportunity of making the obscrra- 
tion of ita doing it to that degree yon mention, wbicli is "V^rj*! 
curiona. I liave observed al&o, tliat Foj^s have such like cfie 
upon Soonda. For a Gun can neither be heard ao far; and wh 
the aound is hcard^ it nccmv dead and heary. A.nd somewhat of'' 
thia I am apt to think is the caunc of what you say about aoutida 
at llome (which was noie) to mc), or perhaps the air in Italy 
may he more rarilicd than here, which may eflect tlic same* For 
1 have fuund that the sound of a Bdl is scarce heard in the Air 
pump when tlic mr is cjthauated; and tliat the sound is much 
eikcrcBaed when the nlr is compressed^ although the compressing 
pneamatlck engine be thick Dnkss. I desire tlic fnToiur of you to 

LmrTKiis ow EyiTfBST LirBnAUT mux. 


tell mc what you guess mny probably be tbc cbusc of this odd 
pliflOiiametiuii you tcU iiit; uC nl U<jiiie, if you have e\cr been 
there; or to enquire, if }uu nioct with any iiigt'inous persons tliat 
hare been tbeie^ and have observed the temperature and nature of 
the Italian Air. 

Your Account of the rain, &c. in 1703, will 1>c a great favour, 
becmnse yoii sent mc only the r^in of that year till July. 

Thus I have answered the particulars of your kind Letter as 
■ br as 1 can tilt 1 get to London, whither I am now himting; and 
superadded *ome things, t^at may he diverting to you ; which 
1 desire toay be accepted by you as a teatimoriy of the respect of 
Your much obliged, humble servant, 

Wm, Dehhau. 

I almost forget to tell you that my fiiend the justly famous 
Mr. Ray is dead, to the great Ions of curious learning* 

I have enqtured nfler the prices of the Air-pumps and Barome- 
ters ; Mr. Uawkcsbcc hath Air-pumps from jt'5 to A'25. Those of 
JKS are noble InKlrumcnts ]ndcc<T, with double Barrells, which 
exhaust tlie air with greater case and quickness, lie hath one 
f-WQft with a double ilarrcll also to be screwed to a table, of £15. 
Bttt his lowest nre £5 with a sint;le Barrel}, which cxhausteth as 
well ss any of them, hut requires a bltle more labour. There is a 
great appamtus of Glasses and other utensils belonging to them 
all. I liave bore enclosed one of Patrick's papers, whieh I have 
not read, nnti fear it may make you pay for a double letter when 
perhaps the paper is vrorlh nothing, only it specifies some of his In- 
struments. His portable Barometers arc two guineas the lowest; 
vith a Thermometer on the same frame £S and £ii 10?, or 
' dearer if finer. 
For Rich*! Towneley, Esq. 
in North Street, in York^ 
•w^ great care. 



Daniel Defoe to the Earl 0/ Hallifax: er^aging Umself to JUf 
Lordship as a political writer* 

[Addit. M9. BriL Mm. 74S1 , (bL S3. O^.] 

%* The prewml Letter iiHignad'^D, Foe." the BOCCMdiaff oae, "DttWDeFoe," 
De Foe, it tppeuit hud two duqci tbrongb life ; ud even wh«Q lettan oT Adadrnklni- 
tion vflre graatod on his pertoaRl c«tiU, Hme time tfUt hii death, i)« Foa M addid 
with An aiAervitt* 

Chftlmen infonns oi tlut, upon exuaioBtitm of the ChunbcHuDof Lowlon^ bookfc 
ddce burnt, ft there Appeared that Danut wu the sob of Jtmtt Foe, of the paiiih 
of Cripplegtta Loodonf ndxen and batcher, wbo wu bimaelf the ion of DanialFoB, fif 
EltoQ in the conntj of NorthunptoD, Teonum.* 

The foUowing Anecdote relaliog to De Foc'i moit celebrated pnblicaitioD, " Tlw 
Life uid AdveAtores of Robinson Cmsoe," occon ia a Tolame of Memonndn la the 
hand-writjog of Thomas Wsrton, the poel-Unreatc, preserved in the British Mueom. 

" Uem. JoL |U, 1774. Id the rear 1759. 1 vaa told by tha rer. Mr. BcnJiBin Bal- 
lowftj, rector of UidUktoa Stonejin Oxfordshire, then about seventy jean old, udia 
the oj-ly part of his life domestic chaplain to Lord Sonderlud, that be had oftea heard 
Lord SaoderUad say, that Lord Oxford, while a prisoner in the Tover of London, 
wrote the Grat Tolnme of the HUtory of Robioion Cnuoe, merely aa an — ■"^"***< 
under confiaemeiiit ; and gare it to Daniel Da Foe, who frequently Tinted Lord Ox- 
ford in the Tower, and was one of his Pamphlet writeis* That De Foe, by Lord Qx^ 
Ionics permisaioa, priatcd it as his own, aod eacoonged by its extnwrdinary inccew, 
added himself the second Volume^ the iafcrioiity of which is gcnenHy acknowledged. 
Mr. Holloway also told me, from Lord Snaderland, that Lord Oiford dictated aeas 
parts of the Mannscript to De Foe. 

" Mr- UoUovay was a grave conscientious dergyiDan, not vain of letling aneodolee, 
vary learned, parttcolarly a good orientalist, sathor of some theological tracts, brad at 
Eton school, and a Master of Arts of St. John's College Cambridge. He lived many 
yean with great r^pflCt in Lord Sunderiand'a family, and was like to the 1nt« Duke dif 
MarlboroDgh. He died, aa I remember, ahont the year 1761- Ha used to aay tkat 
Rohinaon Craaoe, at its &rat publication, and for some time afterwards, waa nniTemlly 
received and credited as a geamae history. A ftctitioua narratiTe of this sort waa then 
a nev thing. 

T, Wa&toh.*' 

Lord Oxford waa impeached ot high treaaoD and high criaMS and miadankeanora by 
tha Hoose of Commons, Jane tO, 17 U, aadvu committed to the Tower by the House 
of Lords on July lOth. He remained confined till July lat, 1717, when, after a pnbUa 
trial, be was unanimously seqoitted by hin Peers, Bohiuon Cmaoe iras puUiahed la 
ITI9, followed by the second Part intheume year. 

* Chalmera's life of De Foe, pp. 6. 31. 


My Lore!, 

I moal Immbl^ tliniik your Lunl^Mpj for txpreaatona of your 
f&TOi>r and goo^lncnn whicli 1 liuil us little n:a:ion lo cx[)ect fr»in 
your Lordflljip tt-i I hare cnjiusity tu merit. 

M}' Ijord TVoAstircr lia^ frc<juciit1y cxprcnaM Liitiself wilh cdh- 
ccm on my WuOf, and Mr- S^crcUiry IlarJey tbt like j but 1, my 
Ijon],ani like the Cripgilc at tlic Pool; when tlie moment happen V, 
no man vbs at Land to put the wretch into Uic Vkut^^r: luid my 
talent uf ftuUtdUitioii la ubnolutcly n Cripple, uikI unquoQifyc^d tu 
help itself. 

1 wbli your Lordalilp could umlertiUiitd by my imperfect ex- 
pression the sense I have of your imcipecteil gtjudtirh-i in ntrn- 
tionirg me to my Lord Treasurer. 1 could be very wcU pleaded h> 
wwt till your merit and tlie Nation"* vrimt of you ttUnXi pUcc 
your Lordship in chat pan of the Publick affnircfi, whc*rc I mi^Otl 
owe %ny benefilt 1 fthall rceicve from it, to your g<*odncss. and 
mi^ht be able to net 9omet)iiiig for your service, a.i well a.^^ that of 
llic Puhliek- 

>fy hoT^f the proposall your Lordship was pleosi'd to make by 
ray brother tlic bearer, is exi^eeding pleasant to mo to perform, nit 
well aA uscfuti to Ik' done, agreeable to every thing the masterly 
geniuit of your Lordship has produc'd in this age ; but my mi*s- 
forto&e is, the bearer, whose hea^l ia not tJiat iray^ haw given me so 
imperfect an account, tliat makes me your Lfjrd>hipH most hum- 
ble petitioner for some hints to ground my 4j!iservationH upon. 

I was wholly ignonnt of the de^^ of tluit act, not knowing it 
bad nich a noble original]. 

Pftrdon my imjwrtunate application to your Ix>rdnhip for nocnc 
hints of the substance and design of that act, and if yoar Lordship 
please the names again of some book» which my dull messenger 
foigott, and whith toot Lordship wtui pleased to say had spoke to 
this head. 

1 the ratlier press your Lordsliip on this bead, becaosc tiic very 
next Article which of ccur*c 1 projKisod to enter iip«i in the 



Review bring that of paper credit, 1 shall at once do myself the 
honour to obey your Lordahip'ii dictate, and obserre the stated 
order of the discourse I am upon. 

I shall not presume to offer it against your Lordship's opinion, 
and vould be farthest of all from exposing your Lordship to any 
tongues ; bat if ever your Lordship shall think this despicable 
thing, who flcom'd to come out of Newgate at the price of betny* 
ing a dead Master, or discovering those things vhicb no body 
vould have been the worse for, fitt to be trusted in yoor presencci 
tbo' never so much incognito, he wiU certaioly, exclusire of 
what he may communicate to your Lordship for the publick ser- 
vice, receive firom you such instractions as are suitable to your 
known genius, and the benefitt of the Nation. 

I have herewith sent your Lordship another book; I know your 
Lordship has but a few minutes to spare, bat 1 am your Liord- 
ship's humble petitioner, to bestow an hour on its contents, 
because it is likely to make some noise in the world, and perhaps 
to come before your Lordship in Parliament. 

I forbear to divert your more serious thoughts, which particu- 
lars I humbly thank your Lordship for the Areedom of access you 
were pleas'd to give my messenger, and am extreamly ambitioua 
of listing myself under your Lordship, in that caos^ in which 
your Lordship was allwayes embarkt, viz. of Truth and liberty. 
I am. 

May it please your Lordship, 
Your Lordship's 

most humble and obed^ servS 
Aprils, 1705. UFoB, 

To the Right HonW< 
The Lord Hallifax 
Humbly present. 


DoMut Z)f Foe fo Ihe Eerl pf Hafi/tur. Thanh for hoitrtft/ bestoived 

u/ton him- 

Purdori me nijr Lord, 

If to a m&u that liais seen nolbuig for some yeares, but tlie 
rougli £ftcv uf Okiii^tt, the exoveding };ooiln(rft» uf yuur T^rtiship's 
dbcuunc kj/UiciJ me even to > ircakncf» 1 cuukl not couccnl, 

"Ha m noveltft tny Lord, I have not bocit an'd to, to receive 
obligaciuii^ from penoni of your Lurdshtp's eliaraoter and uier'it, 
nor indeud from any put uf the wrld, aiid Uiu muni in a (luk 
too hud for me to undertake* 

I mm (tny html] a \Am\ and unfwlinh'd man, and perfectly un- 
qulU£ed ut make formnlJ zcknovrlcgcmcnt'S : and a lemj^er itourM 
by a scries of afHicdons, renders me stiJl the more awkward id tlic 
reccHved method of common graiitude, I mean the ceremony of 

Bat, my Lord, if to be encouraged m giveing myself up to that 
nrioe ytmr f^ordship U p1cu*d to mtich to orervjdluc, if going 
oa vith the more cheerfullnGss in being usefull to, and promotetng 
the genenll peace and interest of this nation, if to the last vigo- 
nnuly opposeing a stupid distracted IWty, that are for ruining 
the mad yc s rather than not destroy their neighbour^ if tJiis bo to 
nerit so maeh rrganl, your Ijordship binds me in the most 
dufible and to mc tlic most pleaatnt engagement in the vrorldi 
because 'tis a service that, ^Ih my gnttitudu to your l-ordship> 
keepa an exact unison vrith my reiuoni my principle, my incJina- 
tion, and the duty every man owes lo kU country, and his poste* 

Tbusj my Lord, Heavenly bounty engages mankind, while the 
comnxands arc so far from being grievous, that at the same Unie 
we obey, we promote our own felicity, and joyn the'rcwurd to the 


LrrrxM or sviitBivr litsrary urns. 

A* to llic cxccftiijig boontj I Imrt now r^c^ivci), aiid wliidi 
yo«r I^jnlvliip oMigcw id« to reverve my ftcknowleg^nienU of fur a 
y«i unknown l>cncfiicU>r, 

Purdon b>P| my Lord, b> 1>cliev« your Lordship's faToar to mc 
liiis nt leaat »o tuuoh ftltarc in tli« conduct of it, tf not in the sob- 
nUkncp, tbiit I flm pcmwadcd I cannot bu more obUdged to Ibis 
clonor^ tltbii to your IiOni»hip'H singular goodncnuj whicb tbo' I 
can nnt ddterytt yet I Hbidl ullwaya sensibly rcAcct on^ and im- 
prove. And I should be doably bt«at, if providence would ptil it 
into my hands, to render your Lordnliip aomc service suitcil to tho 
Henoo I Imvo of j^ur L*»rdfthip's cxlrnordinary fuvour- 

And yet 1 ftm your Lordship's mont humble prtittoncr, Uiat if 
poHsiblo I may know the ori|piiallft of this munificence, »urc tbnt 
band tliut cun Hupjioiio mc to merit so inuob regnrd, mu^t believe 
inc liLt U> be lru«lcd witli the knowledge of my benefu<:toTf tuid 
ufUikpuble i>f iltHoovcriiig luiy part of it, tbnt should be eonceal'd ( 
but I nnliitiiit this to j'our Lurdsbip and the persona concerned. 

I fnukkljt- lurknowlcdge to your Lordahip^ nnd to tho unknown 
rcwittders uf my mean pcrfornuiuces, Umt 1 do not ace tlie merit 
tlicy arc thun ploaaM to vullue; tbe most I visb and which 1 
bope 1 <?au «iisi;\'er for iit, tlint 1 shall ul1n'&yc!i preserve the 
homely despirnbte title of un honest man. If this will rceem- 
iiietid me, your l^rtbhip sliall never 1>e aaliara'd of giving me 
tbsl title, nor my cucmyn be able by fear or reward to make oie 

Ill all tkiikjs 1 ju»tly apprehend your L^irdshipN dianpjHiuit- 
mciit, wid that your l^ordskip will End little ebc in ti>e wortA 
your n(»tiix* 

1 am, 
M»y it please your Lordfltup^ 

Your Lordship's bigldy obli^. 

Most huuble *nd >w>«t obtd* 1«rv^ 
Uanju. Dr Fok. 
Tu thv Risht RonUe 

OhuW L^ llsUifax 




IfU^m Kcolsott, Bhkop of OwHsie^ to Mr. Huron Pricr^^ tn rr/rt- 
Hon to a (ifteAliori bf/ore (ht Juti^es concerning the iicvnymg of 

[L«iud. M5. Brit MuA. lOQ^, fol. U. Orl;.] 

*■* T1i« ci»ct drcamiranfTA ondrr tthicb the S(lioDlmiBt«rs'(|[mtioa vru referred 
toUic Jud^ in JTO^, a* itatcd \n tbU ind m tb« following t,(:LlerHan:mikiir>vii lu llie 
piTvfSt Editor. But (hrre ciin bi; no i^UfiLiaii tbol from vt^ry i^arl; ttmci the Clergy 
nn ih« Diiljr I'trvoni vlu coultl bechnrgad wllh tbo cdutnlioii, offouthi «nd Ebai, out 
of lilt 3kloiiaK«ri««, no p«rcoD i*ba tUovrvd to l«ach wLo li^d aot lii« li«ai*o •« (o tia 
from tba Blibop. 

la dlffcrml P4jKCVFpnlCon>tit[iti<nia of tb« Ihuteeath oeolnrT-, ve 6nl tb«pui«1i 
derki dfrrctcd to be icliooho^tcm.* 

Gcrvuc dr WilfortE wu LiutLtutcU lo Ibc Living of Baroack la ?<or(buniklou«h]rc on 
lilt Ifith of ttic KalcBt!> of April I3ll> in ]3d*) lUSa hsid Ccrvuc utrUmed Uc«Dni 
from John bi«]io;i of I.mcoln " «]«rr rl fovrrc purixu fub vujja aiA^LiLrl. iu helurt, 
<a«/ir» H fframjn/itica/aenUfitf, mi nu^cntam ^ultas dinDi in tuo pnrocbbi CE coiJcm 
Infornnrr. rlrricU pt>»l uUimtni pc^t^ln dimiiititii.*" 

or the SLihooli In MoDajicrlci «c have mioy ooUcc*. f>f Iliat ai sc. KdmundNburjr 
Ai>b«7 in ili« ttno af al>bu1 Simtpfton frequcnl mtbtlon ocean in iU chirtuUrioa.'^ 
T«D iDftniiDfriti ■* ^ ScoIU lUdiuKitt" «cGar in tbc Rcin'ter ot lt«jkdi[ic Abbey : onv 
from HuVrt bisliop of S«!i>-bury^ b^tmna Ihv ffara llHtf aud U?^; the otbcr from 
bltbop Roger do Mariival, who hI from I3|<S lo 13^!^, Torbidj Mty uue to keep ichool 
Ib IteMlIng iilUioat tbc mutoiil of (he Abbot uid CuDT«iiti " H- Kplnoopui 'SorurD, 
ArckUUeonode Bcrkt. A omnlbut DoctuiAct tulu Cloru d# Borba laLatciu- Prtibibca 
^jud doDia rcRal Scotu apud EteadiDz nhii conaciidU «t Imna TolunUte Abbattt ct 
CODTv&lttk Ti A> Th- h]iud W^h(oD>" ' 

Kna Uit MonMl«rir3i, whrru ihcy b^d not ctcmpl jarlidUrtion, h«d tb« conaeut of 
the bUiop la bcqilni; Tichool. 

Jolni INxkHdiiJ, »rcblub4p of (VtiUrbur^i wbo wu born io Sa»cK of obfcurc 
liirroU, bod hi« tnt tddonlbn ia tbe Monamerr of Lcnv*-' Edmund DudWr. a man 
of naefiotorfcty iu tbe reign of Heanr VtJ.]vu brought tip in tbf pamc Monutvry,! 

■ KiSflHi'i aiou. IQ the F«rDch. Astlq. t, cckaicvi tattrdUtt. 
^ IU«^. Burih. BplK. Lmc. 

* Bridp*'* KnrtbjunptoTitbtn>. ii. 49^, ft mtt. Iloaptt de Browne !«UmfonL> 

* See pnticolirlr tbc Liber Atbi» MonMt. S. Edmundl de Burgo. MS. Itirl- lOOA, 

■ fteslalr. Abb. do lUdlng. MS. llarh 170», foL IHU b. 
' II. rarhvi dc Aiilb|. Drit. E«J«. p. VIM. 

« erdet«lck«'i Staffordabb«, pp, IW, 131. Du(d. W*rw. p. 4tO. 



CardinA] Morton iiiu miutMid it C«rDt Abbcf In DorKUUrc.* CtrdiMt Pole ui 
thfl MoftutfFjr of Sbtne,* 

The tint Act of PArUwnKit relAlin; to Ihla iLbjMit «m Ibal of QiWtt EBiiMli, 
■norv GppffULLjr «clTBrt«d la in al]Jui«lJi>r THimvi'e l^tiii' 

A- IV tMlu.1,?a Kli(. «h. l-f ;^. -^ And b«it rur(h«r*nutfil,tlut ff aaj pvivoiior- I 
per*0Dt, boilTt polllUkc or *Mr^mv, afUr llir fouU nf IVutrcoilo nnl fODvoir, tLill 
kcpc or iDiiiiitejDc iny Ki?holc(nastiCf . tf hLcb ih«ll not rqwjrt lo Cburclic m y> «roro- 
laidi or bo dovod tj the Bubapp or OrilioBrje of the Di^MHC wborv incli Sdioluui** 
lot *h«Ibd v? If]*^ ■biU fbrfwU nnil Ivm fpr «tcrj« launvtb u> brpinf bim titn 
|iouqdiiii : ]»rflTtil#<l thit no nrU Ordinsrjv or ihfir Miiii*t«r» ^itl ta\tm mnj ihkngt tor 
llic ttlil Al]oKBnc<; ind tuobo 6<^oU-mBiit<T or Tndief pmamLoie to Uftcho <oa* 
^nne to tbia Aclei and Lcin; tliemif lurfullye codtic1c4 ihalbe dlMbkd t« bt a 
I'cofbvr of Youth, anil iboll tutfi^r ymjirLBionuatMit vrilbout bule or noainprua far odo 

Tbiii Art«jii<iiititt«d *■ Aa KeYf fo Mrin* ibw Qn«enf*A Mi^l^ Subjactn in lb«r 
doo Obtdkaci:." ' 

The »cil ImporliLnt Sutalm ftn tbU >al])cct. wore thoic of the Utb and lUb 
ChArkill.c-4, and 17th ChBrlca II. o. ?, iftrbJiihprol]R>lttfd,u|toa ptlja of fine ud Ua- 
prliODiDrol, all |wrwDt frvoi ttoclilujt tcliiwl uulm Ibcjr W llc^aird bj th« Ordi^vyi 
mid cnbirrilHt a nprfurjliiia nf nnnformitf ttf th* LUurgy nf thf Chtiri^h, and rtrnvntlj 
fyt<|iiDDt dhinCBonioc oaubUiTicd by (be Uvn of tb1> blnidon.^ 

In the Statute UAnof 1 1. I-} 1. rotUlcd, ao ''Act toprcrcnt tbcfrovtbof Scbbm, 
ind for Ui< further ucurity of tlie Churchei of En^Uud uid trcUad na b; Uv Mis- 
bL«Led/* ftk^hoglmiatrni ak agtia ordcrcil to bavf tk?U':t fiuiu tkc OiiUuarj. 

In til* -^ r*f«- I, 171 14, c 4. 1 1., "An Act f»r irirnhftlining iK« Protr«LBnt inlrrrat 
\tk IboAc KbffdomA," Die Statute oftbo l3Ui of Aiuto iru rpjiolGU i uJ the OnUti4J7V 
Uoenoc Wamc no kmgrr DEccn«rj. 

My IfOrd, 

I hftd Uic Honour of yoor Lordships Letter hy the lart Post ; 
and do humbly beg pardon for the non-pcrfoniance of the ]Uo* 
miae I made jrou, of returning aii aceouitl uf what our Restrict 
here afforded m relntton to the u'cii;J>t]r Question (now before your 
Lordship Riid the rtst of the Judges] touching the hcenaiog of 
Scholcmaster3. The onely difficulty, my LonI, t!uif> tipou ua^is. 

• Vo«4,Atb. OnQ.«diU Bttn^vel li. ^6M. 
*lUd. To3. 1. 

■ sue. or tbc Rutnt, Tol. Iv, p. 668. 

* BlKkjA. C^mracoti Cbrutiwa*< adit. Bf*. tottd. LMKK mL If. p>. £l> 



to prove that any of tho» who wore 1tccn»M before tbe Heformft- 

tioD were Laymen. Sov, it ought duubtlcttn to he coniidcr'd 

that very few in those times were copahic of i instructing youth^ 

but voith a» were initiated {mt leut) in »oinc of tlic inferiour Orders 

of th« CJiurchi but 1 will venture to siy, that, if there were itny 

Lny-Teachcrs, even thc« «-erc subject to the ii^spcction of their 

[ire>p«ctivc Ordinftrics. This I take to be Yt:ry pUin from Arch- 

hinhop Arundera Cinistttulion* in Lyndwodd's Pmvinrijil, Lib. 5, 

til< 4. For, l.All mnnncr of Teachers fQiticun^fic docaUcs^ a* 

well ui Ma^Utrij are under Uie cognu^nec uf that Cauuii. 2. The 

Qlo«s oh&erves that the innlructors of women nml girls (whicb will 

hardly ever nppcar to hitve been the ca«c of men in Orders) arc 

eompreltecdtsd under ibat general Title. 3. The private Teachers 

fin CGjnniJi rt InfroUibfis) arc ihcre required U.> Imvc Licemte^ 

from tlie Ordinary in form ; ami they that have them not arc to 

he iwoeecded xgAinitt *a jo^ixts of Schhin, A(v 

This, my Lord, is noi onely the peculiar Language of our Na- 
tional Cliurch of England ; hut tlie Canoa Law in general aflfunli 
plenty of thu like provisional Decrees for the rej^latin^ of 
SchoIemafiCers in (or near) thcCnthedral and Cellmate CImrehca, 
where Uiey were most rammonly planted, Some of tlicsc we 
bare OA curly ns the middle of the Eijjlitb Centary, (Spelm. Cone. 
torn. 1. p. 24/0 ^^^ tliey are yet more antieiit in foreign parCa of 
Christendom. Archbishop Rcj^Tolds's citmordinary Visitation of 
the School at Cajuerbury (^in the year U:^l) may be seen at 
length in the Appendix to Somucr's Anti^iuitiea of that City : and 
greiit nuinbcra of the like may undoubtedly be had out of Uic old 
Ke^stcr Books of tliat aitd other See?i. Wliethcr the Scholemastera 
vere Clergymen or Laica ia (in my humble opinion] no regular 
part of tlie question before your Iiordship^; »nce the office and 
employment wa» always subject to Eocleaiastical Censure, of what 
denominatiofi socvci the Ofticcra themselves might be. That 
Qod may direct your Lordvliip and your brethren in the Cauae^ 



wfcicb %o modi roncems the «vl£v« of our ««taT>ltsLc3 Omrch, U 
the Iwvty pnf ef of 

Tour Lordftkips 

ocftoat hnmUe semnt, 
Cu1ilp» Jun- 4, 1705, W, Caruou 

To Mn Bmron Prioc- 

Tl^r Rtrtrtad TTbnww rflii»*T, /Aw Chantdhr 0/ Norwithf ^ftrr- 
KWfb Biih^p of St. Atapk^ to Dr, Kenneft, cftervardt Bishop 
of Prtrrhoronjfh : pariiy up^n the /imuTH^- 0/ Schpabmmtter^ -- 
and p(trtf^ upon an Act of Institution by ike Vh^ncetl^ of tkt 
H'nhop if CtoyafM 


You were very kind in giting me so fall an seeoiint of the sen* 
timents of the Common T^n^'crs ahout tlio*e two coimdemlile 
point* relating txi the Kcelaiiafltical Jurisdiction^ vhicb tre to be 
clecidciJ tliiiTenii in We«l minister H«1L Soiqc people hftve been 
endeavouring almost crcr since tlie Toleration to get ProKilnticns 
tipon u«, when wc hare proceeded by Church censures a^nst un- 
licensed School niasterSf but thcjr cy)uld never yet obtain any ; if 
they do in tlie cause noir depending it will bo a leadinj^ instancy 
and a precedent, which viti give a great blow to the Epij^opal 
jKmcr. Indeed if they carry this point, I don't know an ^ one 
part of the Kcctesiaiftical Jurisdictioii that can be thought safe 
whencrer tltete avserterit of Ii1»ertr ahnll think tit to attack it. 
You *ay they allege "that Bi>]iop« had at tirst no cognisance of 
any Schools but inch bs were opened within the precincts of their 
Cflthedrnl ('hurcbea orHcligiou^ Houses;*' yet 'tis plain from our 
Norwich lle;;i*tcri alone, that nbovc lOO yean before the Refor- 
mation the Biihnp<s of this IMocesc allowed of the '* Cnstodes" or 







Mutera of GrvmmAr 8rhooU ftt Soutliwold, Ilitc1i»m, RIoMd, 
8bouldham« NoiihtroMr Shypdtn^ and other places where were na 
SrJtgioos Houses; and the old Grammar Sl^ioi^I tii the City of 
Norwich^ nf lli« Bishopii oollntionr ao often mcntionM in our 
hooks, vrtut diittinct fmm the School in the CatJiedrRL procincla 
for the NoYic«R and other* b«lon^ng to the Priory. Nor can I 
find that the SehouU at Thot^ni and Ipnwidi had any depend-* 
aiice apon i}u* Uoligioua. T remember aUo to hate met in our 
old {riend T)r. Ilnlton'n Collections wilh Gramnmr ScTiooU at 
lUchmond and Preaton, in the 14th ceittury. which vera iind«r the 
co^itance of the Arehd^acon of Rtdlimond (who you know hjul 
Epiacopal power) and yet had no rrlalinn t-o any llrli^iiiij* Houses* 
The title in the Cnnon Lnw» '' I)*" MatfiatrU ft rv aiiq\tid fi-xiffalur 
pro Uc^ntia dorradi" (Dec retaK lib. v, H.5_} shew^ their early sub- 
je^on to nnd h(^n!ie<t hv llieir eeeletiaittiml HUperiori, not only 
In Cathedral rhurrhf*s, hut nUo in '* rrp/ewtm/ewriAwj*' fc. de gui- 
btttdt^mf ^7 T)i^r. c. I.) and by wbnt Lindwood Um '* /)*• M<tffislri$ 
efpottstate DtfCtudi*^ it it pretty plain that so much of the Canon 
Law WM r^eived here that the Ordijxary was to have the manajce* 
mmt of dll sort« of SeUocU, and correction of the masters of them. 
Erery Cathedral Chnrvh indeed, by the Canon Law, was to hfcve 
a^Magiater Sebolarara*' (whic^ gaT« beginning to the dignity now 
atyled '*CanrHlariii?i EoeIesi»*' in all the oidsecidar Chxtrrhes), who 
seemv to have been in some plates bke the " ^hi>)arehus " (teo 
D^rMiaa ^ Benefitijt, lib. L e. 15.) who not only govern'd the 
Sehfw)1 of the Cathedral, but "ab F.|»aeopo omnibus St^holis (infe- 
rioribtts) pracliciatur, Magistros deltgnt/* Ae. for the monition is 
nettTthii in farourof the*' Magiatcr Scolarum S- Paul! T-ond." (Lib. 
Dec- et Cap. S- Pauli, A. f. 29)/* Henr. Dfi jrat^ti SVinJon, EtrUsut 
Minis/fr Orpitvh S. PatrH et JVUVo Arth'ttiiaranfi el mlnistru mmU, 
Bttlultm^ pTtrdpii> vobU ptr tyl^tdUutiam^ titpoti irtntim vcrationem 
Mafea/Mm Amathemtitu m 4^ prqftr^ti*, $tfi Mint iu^eatia HenriH 
Ma^hi Sieoiorvm m Ma C^V/a/e London (t^tt pr^Mumj^smni, 
yr^Ur fOM ytii Sr«iaa S, Martim M. et S. Maruw d* jirewius r#p- 
CAUD. soc. 9 ^ 




naut." TJie only difficulty hem i* how llie Bi*li«p of Winoliestcr 
CfUDf^ Ui htivo. nurh jnrinrliction in l^nfhm ; nf.hc^rwlsc U^ro. \% I'n- 
Fordng by Chtireh ceniiures th« taking School Licence from iho 
Bi^chopH deputy Ti?ry J'urly, Hy what I have heretofore tnuid 
inittcd tn you on Hu* snihjrrt, aiiil fnmi ynnr own Urgr»r eoUeo" 
tionfl, 1 flon^t; rlouht but you can Hrarly muke npprnr that l>rrnM*s 
w*m» gmnt^d for Schools before -I^ Hcnr. Vllh much more brfora 
2^ Eh«. whieh iat the first Ac^t of ParUampot that mentions the 
ItcenfiJng or nllowing SHion1mnHb*rH by thr Kisbo[k«, nnH f-nntnin* 
no express rrftervalion of th*^ Rkhops juneditrtion, so th»*^ this 
right UHe of Ihefie Statutes ia to enforce hy temporal penaldeH &ucb 
persons U> f]urihfy tluMiiKrlvfrM hy lyrvn^**, who did nut no mu(;fa 
value Rn^lfwlnvticAl (wusurcs a» to deniitt for th^m, A« wan the rue 
of th(^ Roman enihurkekfi at the time the Statute wiu miid«i, whicb 
gave eucounigpnii^nt it\%<i to people to inform against Chos* who 
mainlJiinM xurh diwifTntt^d mi1iivnH«?d 8choohnA!itcrjt* Now 'tvill 
be very hnrd that thosp vi-ry StAtut^^s, wKlrh wem dcsiffo'd in con- 
firm and make more f^ftcrt.tutl the old I'eclcsiastTeal Law, should 
now be made unr of to depiirrr ua of our Jurlsdietion. But that 
hat nil nlong beeu a o^ihfortune upon our Courrs ; ihcTv sonnr* ever 
was a Statute made relating to any tbiug of spiritnal eogmfsncBt 
tho never so earefully worded, hut there liave been oeeasion takea 
from tlicm to grant Probiliitions, and put other diffirultirn upon 
UK. For which n^a^on our FnendsL ought rather to make idlow* 
anoes for some things they may not think perfectly '^bt in our 
way of prorceding, than to endeavour (o reform us by new Actsof 

As to the other case about the Institution liy the Chani^Uor to 
the Uishop of Cloyue^ I was f^lad to hear the Court of King's J 
Bench laAt Term ptit off the dt^ctHJon of it 'till they were certified 
how the practice bad hivn. Justt f>efore 1 cjuite out of Town, last 
time I wa« in London, the Orntb^xiiaii tliat was institxitcd by the 
Biibopv-aRscuC to me >?* hr naid) by my Lord's Gmcc of Canter- 
bury with ihe fullowing Uiucrks^ which 1 tud ai»wcr^d before. 



nt thncT1inrcf4>rgothis name, And know not how to direct tn liim. 
But Mcring you mention'd this niatler, you'l purdon me for trou- 
bling yoa vnih wh*t 1 hud observed from \hc RegisWTK of this 

I» Qu»ne. " Whrth^r pfkwcr of f nntitntion he ro^prvc^l t^ the 
" RUhop in any Pntcrt of Vicar Gcner*! or Chftnoellor of tlift 
*' Diocrsc of Norwich before tlie Reformation ?" 
Answer. It is not in any one th«t I have yel met M-ith- It was 
not reserred th«n- 

ll^T, Qunre. " Whfthrr thr Vicftr General or Chanrrllor hft 
" sp4^B|ly empoworiMl hy the wordx 4if hirt Commiasioii to 
'' gmnt Institution. Or, whether you find he. liaa exerdsed 
^ that power wiUiout nuch Lic/rnn* from th« Ri»hoj>>" 
Anftwer. 1 find abcvc twenty Pttl*nt* of the Bishopn of Norwich 
before the Reformation to their Viear Generals, in whirh thti 
\^Ars General «jre authons'd to institute by express and 

And I also find thnt the Viears General or ChnnccIIors 
to Uie BiahopH of Nnrwinh, cxermied thia power of Inntituting 
vritliout KjiPrial powers in their pnlcntx %o Uy do. 

Reg. ii. f. I, 4 Rt^bert de Langic, Prior of 
Norwich, Vicar General 
Rep. W. icmp. iT (I, H7//. CIcxfoH, I^ior 
Wiit Bateman, Epi > of Norwch, Vicar General 
f. 45. Harno Helm, LL.D. 
f. 72. Ric. Ai/iir, S/rh. Pr. 

ct 77ro. MctMwotd, LL.U. 
f, 132, Kif. Lyn^fCt WaUa- 

tie Eiv€dcn 

t- 115. Laur- Priordc Norv- 

clWic. lynst Archid. Norv, 

f. 153, Ric.Lynff et Gnatf. 

EivtHfn , . , - 

D»U of the Pttenu. 

16 Aiyc, 1325 

4 id. Mart. 13^3 

IS Jul. 13-14 

20 Dec. 13-16 

25 Jun. 1351 

II Fd>. 135:7 

tiOct. U51 


LETTSS^ or SXtXENT l^lTSftAaT MStf. 

Reg. ▼. temp. RS Jf. 9. i^^iur. I^rior de Xorr. 


Vcsc; Epi 


ti&ult, Elvoden 

IS Apr. 1355 

B^-Ti- temp. Hen, If, 10, Xtc. Prior dc Non-. 

Spenc«r Epi . >ct JoV»f/^J>Winjr/^ii,LI^D. 6id,OcL 1371 

f. 233- friU, CarirtoH, LL,D. . . 13W 

Re5,.U.mpAV»U->^,^^^^ I Mart. XU7 

Lyhrrt Ej>i - 1 

R<K- XII. WriDp. Jac, J ^ ^^ ^^.^ ^^^ jj^^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ 

uoldweLI , - t * 

Conaidcnng thrr«forc that ulmont all the Cftnonivto nrc of opi* 
aiofir thftt the pov-erof IntlUution b«in^& rnattcrof ^ Jirstitutt non 
ffraii^ sire JispenMifionu'" (aa aodme of tli«m diMingmsb) di>«i» not 
r«qaire ** ipprciitiir 3 fen Jet turn,*' and th*t in fiict *o nwiny iHousand 
Invtitutionf hnvc been <iUpat<7h'd by Vicar* Gcnornl not spe- 
ciftUy impowi*Tcd, I cait't but he of opmian, that tbia power doe* 
beloop to tbem ** rlrtul^ officii." But then I tKink on tht otbcr 
band the Bisbopi always b^ve hiid^ and by law still bnre tbc 
power oF making rPservttionB of any part of tbeir JtmBdidioa in 
tboir ChAnCf^llcn patent*. For i»omc of tbc Canooiftts t^ilk of 
Vicar* General bavinu; wuiwiaia limitataj nongenrrQiia. " Quic cum 
Vlctxriiu ttc€ifnat potestatem tx (k>mmiu%Qne Bpiscepi pofcrt EpU- 
copU9 </it^*ia 'f At rtficrrorc^ qttw aiias v^nire-n^ m ^neraii rjtandalo 
ti ilii mJ^ittwrcf nc dc aiiqtm nc^tiox Mromiitat-^' CapcUa ToUt* 
dceinoHc -Idl. Sbrotitu de 0^. l^cary, lib, 2. <}u. 11:^* n. f>. qa. 
L3I. n. 3. And ^^Quodin mtr4 focuHaU H voiuniate Ej^^eopi t^^ 
tislit M^uere fatnttatt* ampUuif vtt ctKtrctiiiaff nam gmiihet con- 
imtfctu JuriMiUtiontm tttam oUeri, potcMi ram iimitare^itl tiln liM*' 
&c. Rota Deds. :fD7. IWt. II. divert, n. S. 3. Garciaa dt Bene- 

A»d I find tbi3 Buhopa of Ncrvidi baTA from tine to time 
inserted rqcH rcficn.'Ationft aa ibvy tboogbt At into tbeir Chancel- 
lor* pntcnt*, but cnn^ meet wilb ilie lea»l b'.nt their Vicam Uene- 
rol ever presumed to expedite nueh Eedenloatical matters a« were 



** CoIUttonibua di^mtotum, PrebcncJa'"} TnPatenUgrantedA.O. 
rem, «t b<neS<-Hamin <iuurijmciinquc ad { 1320, I^J-1, 13-18, 1352, 
Dostfnm coUfttioiicm «pccUtitiaiii nubia {1371, 137S, 1-I2G, 14*11, 
in cimmbus Mimpor salvts^' J 1445, l-l?^- 

" DI>pci)utionibu» fit abfloKitionihuBl 
super Gt dc cxcoMtibiu qaibuscunquc in 

pTKfjucikciuin uontrum^&eu Ecdtr^io! no»- I Potent^ dated 1548, 
trtc XorwK". pr«<iiclffljT t-ommiwia tcI in f 1352, 1371, 1575, 1597* 
povtcrum commtttcndis nobis spcci&U- I 
tor rcMcrvotis" J 

" Pot09tat« dispcnsandi, ao pcmiuUi--^ 
tH>nesben«6ciorunbaccopUndi et admit- J. 1352. 
Undu — ^pecialitdr reb^rvAtia" ) 

'^ Kncultntfi tamen dtRprnnandi Ciim*' 
Beneficiatia nobis eubditis juxtft Capitu- 
tnm CtHA cret de non reaidendo in coram . 
Dcndicija laeu ipfwi bcncficia ad tirmnm ' 

dimitteiidi ntcnon dispc&sandi- — spccui* 
liter rcucnrali**' 

'* Clcri TKwlrarum Civit. ct Dioc. viai-" 
tationc diniisstonlbus ctjani super cxJubi^ 
tionc titulorum uubditorum noiitrorum 
«t aUoritm dignitikt«it, pcrsonutus, bme- 
ficin, aca ofHcm alia in noatri» Civ. ct 
Dk>c, httbi^iitium, n«^cQon diapensutionl- 
bin jaxta Cnpitulum Cbm flv cd ct idij.i 
GOiibimilibiut vol majonbuv pr^rogaCi- 
vam nottmr KpttcopaUa di}>nitulift con- 
cen»entibiu nobis Bpc^riiOitcr rcacrvatis,"_ 

Many of tbcnc rcUitc to Jurisdiction in beneficiary mattfrv, 
aomc of whicK do not »ccm of a different nature from Inatjtution. 
If any of these or »ny of the otbcr Patents will lie of aiiy uao to 
the Ocnilcmun conccrn'd (who 1 preaumo Ijov bettu ivith you) 
they »ha11 be tmrntcri'i^d at Inr^ and attentcd by ih% R^gifltrary 

ll?€, 1454, 1436. 



\iU TVptttr. T wLtTi him \^titct 

3CM in Wesbninster ntQ 
than I hsd at the Commons, I think you (or yx>ur kind concern 
for me, and as br as I know you ffiKs8*d at the truest reaaoa of ay 
HI Bucceaa tkere. I can't help thinking there was something paiti- 
cular vhich may onetime or otliercunLC to li^ht; there was otber^ 
wise no reason why my practice shotdd be cx>ndcinn'd na irre^tar 
and null which e^-ery Adrocatc in Doctors' Commons that hai 
any jurisdicliont uses, which my Adversaries own'd my predeces- 
sors had been in iKMsesaion of aeventy yeara, and whicK my ovn 
evidence too shewed to have hcen used almost tfiree tmndred years. 
I'm sure tho^e ^ntlcmcn that are most concern 'd to defend the De- 
cree the Dean of the Arche« g&vct can't but own that it waa hr from 
being a clear case ; that it waa nerer before judicially determined ; 
and therefore thei^ was room for more mercy than waa shewn : for 
indeed I mij|;ht have expected as much from Dr. A/a ORidal, waa 
he to hat'e been Jud^, But 1*11 defer thinking or talking of thaa 
iinlia|)p> subject till I see you ; tho' 1 believe we shall not appeal* 
die cirpenccs will be so great, and I bave nobody to manage but 
myself* and am weary of spending niy time in attending Cuurta. 
I hope some of my fnends will think of me, and make good the 
loss I stist^n some <Jt)i<fr way. 

I intend to return your Collections and other papers, with many 
thanks, very shordy : If you rill net excuse the rttuma you insist 

on, 1 hope youl excuse the faults of, 

Dear Sir, 

Tour most affectionate friend 
and humble servant, 

TitOM. Tannka* 

Merton Eleetion draws nigh ; I hojie ytm'l do what you can for 
my Brother, coniistcnt with your prior obligations. 
To Tlie Reverend Dr. Kennertt, 

at his house, near 

Aldgate Church, London. 







Mr. BoTM Frictj to Dr., a/lcrwarda Hiehop KemttU, upon Ike 
decinon qf the Cliestion tciatiny h tht ikcming of JiScftool- 


Serj«!ATita Iniie, 6 Nov. 1707- 

I have relumed yon by my servant your excellont CoUoction 
v>d Ob*<TrMtons relating to the licensing of School ma«le re. 1 
most gralrfuUy acUnowWgP thnt it moat firnily eatftblishecl me in 
lite opini-in I hftfl rntorfjiiiM*^, ami fortiiied me witli those airgu- 
mcntM which were so far instrumental to prevent a rasli Report 
which Kiimft were loo forward to make, imd ha* *in<'i? given some 
learned i>er80fi« anotJier viu'w nf \}\q state of the ca*e, than they 
limd before. But whnt prevented the further proceeding in that 
afTBir, wft* the preteiiee of new Hi,'hl sprung out of the Act of 
Toler^on. I could heartily wish thnt tUusc ingenious labours of 
your^ were left to the Piililtok, being a learning tlut is uncom- 
mofij nnd of general n*ic to know the gradual advance of Schools, 
and tbe ordinnry jurudictioa of ttieiD. 

Ro. Phicb. 
To Dr, Kennett, 

*a* laa lHi]bcfof« LoH Kmron la I;D£» tha K\jt% r. the Aichbiibop or York, it 
vu bcM that keqiLDc of idiook bf thv old Uwt <\t Ritgltml wav of « cclrviutkr^ cof . 
tfiaiMin and thai ludcr the C>ooa» conflrmod La 10€.] bj Junci I, the OrJioary bid 
pyiva l« UwUM «11 KbQnlm4*Un- At ta toKoolniulvri Kt<r>tr«ll^ tlic |iracli<:D is 
ditmrLUnuutJ. nod It is fcir from gcDcndlj obaerved iu the cJue of ouutcri of i^m- 




Dr.t a/tcrtcardg Buftop Potter , to the Rev. Mr, Cotij>er, The Arch- 
hiihop^M power o/ panting Licences far the mporiathn tif^fordgn 
JSooHs had ct^iitd, 

[US. Bnt Miu. DdtuL 4374, fol. fif . Orip.} 
%^ Dt Slit. t4 Cba. ir. 0. iy. }. S, it vu rnvtcd, '" thai no AUni OT Forcttner 

orvfr "IiaU hcrnitrf brhf la or be wfFrrTid to T?odh<rcftithiQibii ro*lm mj Book 
or BoqWk itrhUd bcjon-J Ibc }^t in aujf Ungu*|v vbiiUocTct, dtbcr bj liiinutf or bis 
f«eti>r or facMn^ pir'>|hl tnrh f>nl^ ■• tw fn* Print«r« «r ^ftlioDen of l^adoA or tueb 

d bare bren brauK^'t «r i*^ (^a( prorr-Hion, wi<i>oui the iproiU LiMttce of ib« Anb> 
biibop of CI«ol«rUiiir) uiil Eiibop oi LomloQ fur th« \\mt. brlof , or od« i>r tbcni» *bo 
arc hntbf «uiboh»d to gnat JKemtt tor thbi purpo» ; upon pain of rotfdn/« of all 
■uch Book* M >b>ll be »eimpriatedor'rfi]dcd,conCnfj Eo th« puipow on^ tin* laUnt 
htr*«r" KUt- nf til* lU*lin> toK t, p- 4^ »t uq<|- 

Thu Ai^e was to conitnuc Ut two yrui from tbc lOtb of Jiuic l€(itf, uid no lonfcf. 
It v*i bO"TVi*r nontiootfd 16 Chi^ EL c. A, tnd funbcr coctiatted for ktco jtan froai 
June lo^;V, br I Jmc II. cb. 17. IL expired in \Wi. 

\Uy^ Sir, 
I FCcetvet) youra sind should have been gl&d to baTe Sftrr'd you 
in wliaE you (knm'^ if there had been occasion: hut my Lord 
Arclibinljop's Secretary IcUs mc he do's not remember that nny 
LicenHes for importing Books iaavc been granted since Archbishop 
TiUot-ton'n Lime. 1 believe you will hnJ upon farther en^jotry, 
that the Act of PxtrliumenC which made such Licenses ncocsMry^ 
is long since cxpir'd. At present any books may be imported 
from abrund^ ah veil as printed at home, without his (Jrace's 
leave: othcrwJTie w^ »hould not be troubled u-ith some wbici) arc 
publirkly sold to the gre&t ]irejiidicc of the cstabliah'd govern- 
ment both in Church and State. 
1 am, 


Your faithfuU humble 
Lambeth, Nov, l£H*, servant, 

I70i>- Jo. PorrsR. 

To the Rev. Mr. Cowper, 
Lecturer of tke New Chi>rdi> 
in Leeds, Yorkshire. 


Raiph Thareshy to ih€ J^^v- Jo^n Str^yp^, Bwjutrus respecting 
AixkbUhop CVooMtfr. Mr, norraby a CoiUctor o/ nH(ogr<tph», 

[VS. CoU, Brit. Mu«, Tol. m. p, 49S. Oi^J 

RcT, Sir, Lccdcs, April 2C, 170?. 

If 1 Itad sooner known tiow to direct to )*ou, I had long tigo 
prcKumul to liare written to yoa in latitude for the publick 
ften-ice you ti&ve done to Kelifrion and Leiinung \\\ your eicoelleJit 
MenK)riaU of AtcIiWIio]) Cranmen I particularly thank you for 
the jtt»t vindication of Bishop Farrer, whose relations arc, to thia 
day^ lords of Wortley in thin parish, 

Tliia primitive Archbishop was also lord of Ktrkstoll Abbey in 
ftbe said precinct, where, tradition salthf he sometime resided: 
[vhicli prohahly wan on his retirement 15S2. His 1*0 n» Thomas 
I'Cnnmcr, esq. sold it and Arthington, a' 1583, to Sir Tliomu 
^ CTecJ], afterwards Earl of Eieter, for iJ2800. May I l>eg of you, 
good 811, if you have in your curious researches found any thing 
concerning this Ahhey, or the Archl>i:s!t«ps journey into tliesc 
l^orthent parts, to sup^wrt this tradition, to oMigc mc with the 
I notice of it, for we are much at a los.^ for want of Records in these 
parts. I have spent many veArs in pcnjsiiig what ancieiit Manu- 
scripts and Registers 1 have been able to procure, and would most 
iriUingly tiavcl twenty miles on foot to have the happiness of your 
conversci and a right of your curious CoUoctions. 

1 have been a long time procuring both anticnt and modem 
Autographs of noted iiersona in Church and State. My honoured 
friends have supphcd me v>')th many of the modem worthies, 
my Lord Abp. of York, the Bp- of 8arum, Dr, Woodward, Mr, 
Evelyn, my Lord Fairfax, and the Dr. his uncle: but I hnd it 
hard to procure any of antiquity. 1 had the promise of one of 
Archbishop Cranmer, hut waa never so happy as to receive it* la 
there never a slu^d of honest John Fox's, the niaTt>To)ogist, to 

MflB bOwKO to DCV SfllHft f VaMB aiHpiP 1 1 

hi* mM Md IvMd Wor^ I km vae JiiiumI «f 
AraMMhop tiniM. wUdi 1 pmvnd 6vm kit Him CotatiT, 
wUdi «e K fovr icrvice. 

IV Rer. Mr. ScTTpe, 


BntrtaUfi/r Prtr/ermmtf attd apmJUM pmrticmUrl^ the iUvtrwm 
[AMit.Ma.8ril. Mm. nil, M.TI. Or^.] 

**^ VfMtttdM* «f tir imteM T«Bffk. vyt Lord Orvtr. 9>ift "< 
Lm4m, Md iMi li« Mri^0pfort«ikf«r ddtmi^ « pvcitioa «a Kiir^ 
«Bd«rib«#Ul»«r«proMlMMd<bjltoH4«lrlofcVllltanT«Mpt«, -C 
torin Aovbl teT« lb* Am TMOCj, vtakfa bI^ fafps wooc ib< pciMi of Wa 

Iwrti of ■ wiahyr bloilfc, tmd wtfUwifa. wj from Uu^ bccoficotrl, n« pcd- 
Um M DO «ffMt It wu ikfcOT t«uBf IbrgoOva. or drovocd MAiau IW duavwi 
^ nniR KTffliU cUiDfl, K(Vdi Iktt <U«Hj]poin(id«t nuj pnitablj^ be dtfcd UiM tdoer- 
flBii biw4a Kipf* Bod C«urti«r>, vLupK u to b« tmrnA »* mii*ii<allr dtijiraid 

UiroQihoui %U Worlu/' 

Tb« l%Mi*CTtpt of Uic prf«at LcCUr >ho«« Uut, ift IT09, Sirift k«d aot < 
Hi* Iio]hi ufi «>11«i WaaLmtMUr. 

My Ijord, Leicester, Jan. I3th, 1709. 

Btforc ] l««ve thi< pUce (where ill health has detauicci me 
longer tlian ( Intended) I thought it mf duty to return your 
Lordllii|> my iwknowledKmflntA for til your fevom to me vthilt I 
vu b tr>wn ; mnd, nt the s&m« time, to beg vome shjire in your 
[jDrdihl|i'ii mcmoryi nnd the continiuinco of yottr protecdoD. You 
wtro picsaed to prombc me your good offices apon oocasioii ; 



which I hnmbilo challenge in two p<irticu1irs; ono is that you will 
M>inctinies put tny Lord President in mind uf mo ; the other i*, 
that your LordHhip wdl Axily once every ycikr winli mc removed toi 
Englftnd, In die mean time, 1 must tnke leave to reproneh your 
Lofdsliip for a moat iiihumAn piece of cruelty ', for I ean call your 
cxtTcam good usage of mc no hetter, ttinee it has biugtit me lo 
hate tlic plaee where I am haninhed, and raised my thought* to 
imaf^iriition, that 1 niii>ht live to be soiuo vray UBefall or entcr- 
MJiingr if I were perniilt*-'d to hve in Town, ur (which is the 
highest pcnishnient on Papists) any where within ten milea round 
it. You remeinhcr ^-ery well, my Lord, how another pcraou of 
quality in Huraeca time, used to serve a aurt of fellow* who 
had ctiM>bLiged him j how he sent thctn fine oli»atli.s> and monoyi 
irhich ruiued their thoughts and their hope8> till thoKc wen^ vhstm 
out and Apcnt, and then they were ten timCH more miacrablc than 
before. Hoc tjfo y^ compdhr imayinc, cuncta r<^aiffno, 1 could 
cite several other pa^sa^ca from the aamc author, to my purpoae } 
and whatever is applycd to Mtcccmu** I will not thank your Lord- 
ship for acceptini^ because it la what you have been condemned 
to theao twenty year«i hj every one of us, f/ui sc mitent ff avoir da 
rc0prit~ I have been studying how to be revenged of your Lord- 
ahip, and have found out the way. They have in Ireland the 
aanw idea witJi ua of your Lordship's generosity, mngni licence, 
witt, judgment, and knowledge in the enjoyment of life. But I 
ahail <|uickly undeceive them, by letting ihem plainly Unow that 
you have neither Interest nor Fortune which you can cuU your 
own ^ {ntiU having been long made over to the Corporation of 
dcsrrving Men in want, who huve appointed you their advocate 
and steward, which the world is pleos'd to call Patron and Pro* 
teetor. I Ahall inform them^ that myself and about a dozen 
others kept the bent table in England^ to wliicb because we ad- 
mitted your Lordship in common with ua, modcTou our manager, 
and sometimes allowed you to bring a friend, therefore i^nurunt 
pcojdc would needs uke You to be the Owner. And lastlyi that 


i^cTTua t>r BMixBXT larsmABT mbst. 

fiftj timca more «ist An all «f at togctbcr, yoo aercrt 

tlk« lea^ Talu fior k, bat are perpetuaQy coairtOMiidng aad t»- 

g mi ir i die rat of qt tl»v«buQ^ till farther pco^ QCTli o n , la Ike 
IDCU1 tiEDe I <icinaiMi of jmr T.^tfdsliip tLf jtuCke of befieviBS Bfl 
to be wHh the grestemt rcipwt, 

Toiv Lofdehipt moet obadient jukd 
oMMt cMtged hnnible ttmnt, 

Jdv. S«rirr. 

Pnj, tnf Lord« devin I> Soalh to dr about the &I1 
of the Leaf, for he b» a Prebend of Wesuninster, whkh 
wiJ] make me your neighbor, and a rine-cuie In the 
Coufitry, both in the Qaeeo's ^ft, which my fneiMla 
have often told me would 6it me extremely ; and tor^ft 
roe one word, whldi I knov noc what extorts from me ; 
that if my Lord Prendcnt would m mxh a joncton 
ttiinlc me worth lajrlnf; any we^ht of bis Credit, yoa 
numi/t but think nie penuadeU that it would be a verf 
cuy maitter to compu» : and 1 bare aome sort of pt^ 
teacc, since the Ute Kin^ prorajsed me a PrebeDd of 
Westroiaater, when I petidooed nim In pursuance of a 
recommendation I had from Sir WUliam Temple. 

For the Ri|;ht Honorable 

l)^ Lord Halifax, at hia Houm: 

in the New Palace-yard in West^ 



',• LmJ Hali^'iiBnrcrto tU« UvLtr U priofifti in 9«tt*i Warfej, Sit W4Ko 
»OXl'i«M.*vV.Bdlnh. IBM* m. JIT. pp. Ma, 349. 



ttU pocVtt ffo iwijr withoRt tfllini yoa bov much 1 ata oonrar&ffd tO And Ihev 
rrtomcd nitlioiU jon. I *tn nuitc uhunvd foi mj»clf kni) mj fricad*. to ■« roa Uft 
in« pliirofo iB<«]ub1i9 of tutJDg fCD I >iid ti> tr« iO mui^h mcrtr, tttd ta gml ijti&litiM. 

■nrvnudrd by UiDie wbo An lentibl* uf tlirtn. Mr* Adduori nad 1 trr #nrnm<i into 
■ ■en etnft^mrj, n«r«f to giv* owr Ih* pkinuU. &oi 1o chm mnindkiis; ihcwi who 
ttn tcrre T^'^^, till ^t^r irorUi U pUccd in Ibu ligbt it ought to ihiu* in. J>r, S'j*ilk 
kMt «■' iftf/* ^tit ke <rmol Ir tmrn^rtol. Tlie tltiulloo of Uu prcbmd vould tn^kij 
Bc donbljr «iiic«nicd in lanlaf you, aad upon all occuiont (bm tbJiU offvr I will be 
|W roaitMnt Mflicltort j4iirRDc«re i^iolrvr, uid yonr^nallonhU frwnJ- 

" I un joar friMt hvriblB Kod «bfdi«nt MtraDt, 

Stift vroFf ibu on Ibe bwk L — " I W^ ^'^ LettoTM ft lrQ« orifiaal of oonrtivrtt 
»d cDun-promkoi." 


Dr. Srjfl, affaiHf to the Earl of Halifax. In reply to the Fitter 
gittn m tht imt Sote, Stiii impatient for Dr, Soutk't prtiend, 

[Addtt. MS, HriC. Mitf. TtVl, toi. 13. OHff.'] 

My Lord, Dublin, Nov. 1$^, 1709- 

1 cannot but pity your tx)rd5bip*8 mUfortune in being a great 
M«n, by wliioh disndvantagi^ you are nerer qualifytd to receive 
•udi Lcttcn u j-ou writ* ; but instead of thein^ onely tedious ex- 
pressions of respect and~*gnttitu<lt7 \ wlicrein you are generally 
deceired too: for^ I believe it is witli Gratitude as with Love, 
the more a man bas of it at hearty he is but tlic wor.v; at express- 
ing it. Such reflecticjijs as these were occasioned by tin- hunor 
of your LdS^ship^s Letter; &nd vrhat i^ yet wor»e, 1 am afraid I 
bare discovered thru* all your I^rdshipH civilityes, tliat I hare 
some «liare in yuur favor, and (iud knows what deductions a 
man may drav from tbence, iho' he had no Vanity to assist him : 
1 ever thought it a mighty ovemj^ht in Courts to let the hiHuete 
Aommep tlie hommt^ tVcjpril, and hommc de tnen^ gain ^^rounci aioong 
tbem^ because those qualityea will be sure to predominate over 



business and greatness, ils they now do with your Lordship, whc 
Agsinst ttll forms ts pleMed to remember h tinelcsm Man at so 
greflt A distance, where it would be pardonable for hU idiot 
friende, and of his own tevel, to forget him. 1 joyn with your 
Lord«hif> in one cofupUmenI, hecausc it is grounded on so true ft 
luiowledge of the tantc of tltis Country, where I can asTure you, 
ttitd 1 call Mr. Addison for my witness, I pass as undUtinguisHcd 
in every point tJiat is merit with your f^rdsbip as any man in it. 
But then 1 do them impArtiall juj^tice ; for, except the Bishop of 
Cloghcr and perhaps one or two more, my opinion is extnmcly 
QtiiforiD of the whole Kingdom. Howovcr, I retire into ray «elf 
with great aatiiG faction, and remcmhring I liave had the honor to 
conver«e with your lordship, I say fin lloracii did when he meant 
your predecessor } Cum tnaffnis cw««e invito /aieMiur tt»2^t4 

Yet for all thia. If I had ft rolnd to \ic malicious, I could ntalce 
ft Vanity at your Lordship's expcncc, hy letting People here know 
that I have some share in your esteem. For I muat inform you, 
to your great mortification, that your Lordship i« anivenully 
admired by thU t&stlcss People. But not to humble you too 
much, I find it is for tio other reason, than that for wliich Women 
are so fond of those they will the Witts, meerly for their reputa- 
tion. They have heard wonderful! thingn of your LorJahip, and 
they presently imuginc you to posseazi thoste c^aalitiea they most 
esteem m themselTCs, as tite a^t^c* did when they discoursed 
about Socrates. For if your Lordship were here in djsg:uiaOj 
perhnps it would be just as if you heat your pictures and scatuea 
to a country ffur; where one would oflTer half a crown for a 
piece of T^dan to stick on a sign-poat^ another a shilling for a 
Grecian statue to frlglit uwny the crows. Which thought I 
have a mind to make into a fable, and putt it on Mr. .Kddison for 
an old one, in revenge for bis putting tliat of Socrates and the 
A^sci upon mc, becauao it acapcd hi« reading. 

Con your Lordship pardon so tedious a Letter in PariUment 




time. Put It ufider your coach, I ftdvtse yau my Lord, ns T 
remember you use txi do the dull Poems ftnd Pamphlets that 
come outt till the end of the Sessions. Othenriae I shall be 
tempted to laugh witli pride wheii I eon&ider my own jiower, 
how 1 was able at this diat^nce to putt a Mop to the whole 
oonrae of pubtick business; how I deferred some new sclieme 
for aupplying the War in all tlicsc csigcncica without burUienliig 
t1)C subjixt; how [ auspp-nded ttome I^aw wherein tb? uelfnre of 
ten Milboiia wbs concerned; and how 1 withheld the Peace of 
Kurope for four minutes together. 

Yet all these are trifles in comparison of having Kuch a Solli- 
atoroks your Lordship, of which I will make this use, that if you 
think this gentle winter will not cnrry off Dr. South, or that his 
reveraion is not to be compassed, your Lordship would please to 
use your credit that> as my I^trd Sommers tliou^ht of me but 
year for the Bishoprick of Waterfurd, so my Lord President may 
now think on me for that of Cork, if the incumbent dyes of the 
apolted feaver he is now under; and then 1 shall be ^ure of the 
honor to pass some winters at your Lordship a Levee; thoagh 
not with e<|UaU sati^faetioop as in the former case. 
1 am, with the greatest respect, 
My Lord, 

Your Lordship's most obedient, 
most oblige<lr and 

moit humble ncrv', 

J. Swift, 

*,* No charfC cT ntt^ttt, u fir u Iho Piobcail Bpnn wbicb Swift hul kI Ih bciul 
WW camocrnrd, Btriclicd ii> IjOnl HdlfftL He retired frooa powtr b iTi^^* tnd died 
ift 1 j)\ t white S^uih hatred on unid the ialiniiitjtf* uf dd i^e iiU Jnljr eth, I7IG, 
ttbia A'diai kCthe a^ of vlKhij-thfr*. 

Hie BUhop of Cork, Dr, Di<« Downs, lilad. u &<nft ibtfliked Im «oo1d, In Ok« 
haw tsd of tbc jtut 1709. ud WW iiucMdrd by l>f. Peter BroiTD, the ProvoM of 
DiUiQ Colle«(!. 

LbH Otrerr ujtt 

■' 1 iM iDvdi Udloed tQ Mbie. tlitt the tcuiffcr of vjr JHcod 8«iift visbt oocMiod 



fplrU. far 1 wtt^ ch« it the wfEflrt lunc, vu ftvr satrvlUil*. The sotMi of bb 
jpaiat v«rc ofTni ifftfttlv^ Ht BUiinifd nMr«tb«yr af tpMiroa ttuMafrtaidi Qa 

miBAaterial eanUdcsoc. He C^Jojcd Ibc dutdffv: tbe siibMMOe «H dfltliaed ftwH U«. 

tib dbtr. «bo icxtmuli ihot down inlo tlv prvfiiuodnt nfloaR of poUtJcai bt wi 
t afl ^nd only to aouod the ilulloiri aorcK ilic Bborc, «ad w-m woe ■dnUced to 
d«HMd bvlov itri froth U tba top. Peik&|a Lh* d«p«r boCtoiu w«n foo Bodd; for 
bia inipotflQa, 

" By rcflccont of flhio oort wo owj ocvooni for kii Jifipemtf t ia on BfHih 
bMhopnc^. A diuppoiatrofot whkb, be iaio|;ln«iL be ovcd lo o joipt oppliotioa 
Bude agolnit him to ibo Unn-n Iry Dr. Sb«rpv« orcbbUhop at Ygck, ud bj a Udj «f 
the bif bcfl miV anti rhacBfitfr, ArvhbUhop S^vpt, ■««tfdiDM to Dr. ftttift'* »to«*ot, 
bod rrpmeaEcd faia lo thr Qumo, u 4 pcnoc wbo vh not o CbrutioD i Che frooC 
Lodjr hod iopported thv ««|>criao& ; ond lbs Qooa, opofl oaob OMOvvoon, bod pfn 
oroj tbo bi*faopnck, i»>rLlr>i7 to her MojeMj'« ftnt latcatku. SwHt fcc^ Mneelf 
blJlOiT vrftbln oooK lolcroblc houuiU «hca be tpoke cf the Quof t bail Ma ind%no^ 
HOtt know no Um^e* vb«o hr mnHon*'! tkv ArcUb^op or (be L*df ■" 

RnnLrka on lh« IMe and Wrldnp of Rwift, Hvo, I^nd, 17&41, pp^ 4d, 47« 


Sfr Richard Siftlc to iht Eari <if BaUfas^ to borrow a Hundred 
md hlfly Poumb^ 

tAddlLMS^Brtt. Hiu.TI?l»fol. 57. Mff.} 

My Lord. Oci>^6tb, 1709, Bcny Stre^, 

Nothiii;: but Uie moftt afflicting (nrcumst&ncG could nuke mt. 
brcftk through to much confusion as I am in when I girc thit 
trouble. My IrtUe aAaira are in such diAtrftction till I ciin comfr 
to an h«iring ia Chancery (upon ArticUat for jwJc of my Eaute), 
tliftt I sm at this time in darij^cr of being torn to pieces for £l&0. 
If your I^rdfthip could be no good as to forgirc me thb treft- 
pass upon the grent humanity and condcMrenHion n-ith which you 
have erer treated m£, and please to ftCD>mmoda1c me with tiiii 



lumm, \t skould be rrttim'd in a short Hme ivilli grc^at thtttikfuU- 
n^OQj a«d your Lord&hip have ever Uic veneration of mc and my 
uttte for tho most fioaa<^ii&bIc good oiHcc in n time of »oUd distrense. 
I &mj my Lord, your Lordships most oblig'd> 

moat devoted htimblt? serv*', 

Uiciii* Stkklk. 


Sir HicAvrd Steele to the Earl of HaH/a^^ inciosinff Mr. Bicker- 
Mtaff^ 9 proposal for a ituh^ctiptUm, 

{KUiU MSS. Brit. Mil*. 71^1, foL m. Or^.} 

"a* The n^iirr n»d liardljr ba loM that li&Ad BtcVKRuTArrE tu tJie ntroc nhich 
Sir Rkhvil ^ttdo UMiimc*! wLcii writing rho Tstlcr, 

My Lord, Jan. ?Gt1i, 170^^. 

I presume to enclose to your lordship Mr- Bickerataffea pro- 
11 for ft suliKcHptJon, nnd n^k your lordfthip'H favour in 
' promoting it, iianng that Philosopher^^t) inlerent iit heart as mucti 
as my own, aiid nm, indeed, confident I am the ^catcst admirer 
be has. The best argument 1 have for this partiality is, that my 
Lord Ilallifax haJt nmiled upon hbi labours. If at))" wbome your 
Lordstijp rccomtDends shall think titt tii subTwrihe more than the 
sum proposed for a Book, it may be xaid that it is for sci many 
more books. Tlii» irill make tlic favour more Kracefull by being 
confcr'd in an oblique way, and at lli^ same tame aave cbe confu- 
uou of the Squire, whom I know to be naturally proud. 
I am>my Lord, your Lord hips most obliged, 

most obedient humble servant, 

OAUD. soo. 

3 Y 



Mr, Wren to Dr. SloanCj announcififf that Hu /athCTj Sir Chrut^ 
pher ffreut had prepared a Model of the Room proposed qm the 
RepoHtory of i/ie Royal Society in Crane OmrL 

[Sloaoe MS. 4066, ut. ^2, Or^.] 

*B* A CQrioQi GoaimaaUrr on tbe Gonteati or thii Letter will be fiHmd m t Pus- 
plilrt entitled " Aa Account of the Ute Proceediogt in the Cooocil of the Bfljal Si>- 
cieCf , in order to remove from GreibAm Collc^ into Crane Cooit in Fleet StreeL 
In H Letter to m Friend/^ Bvo. Load. 1710. Sir Ituc Kewton, who pabtmued Che 
cbtnge, ii treated in it with but little ceremooj- 

Till 1710 the MntiDKi of the Society had been held at Grt«b«m CoUf^ ; and ther 
were oontinoed in Crane Court till 1789, when the GoTenunent uaifnad Apvtznoitta 
to the Society in SomcncC Houee. 

Mr. WreHi the writer of thii Letter, the eldeit len of Sir Christopher, waa hon ii 
lG7a, educated at Eton School, and in 1G91 admitted of Pembroke Hall, Cambri^. 
He ifterwarda ut in Parliament for Windsor: and died Aug. 34, XlAl. The higheit 
or Uat stone, On the top of the Isathom of St. Pant's Cathedral, waa laid by him. 

Dn Sloan, Whitehall, Mar. 28^ 1710- 

By my father's direction a Modell is made of the roont for the 
Repository of the Royal Society in Crane Court, which may give 
the gentlemen a }>etter idea, then the deaigne on paper : it will 
he very light, very commodious, and the cheapest building that 
can be contrived. I have sent the joyner with it to yoUj that 
you may take your opportunity to shew it to the Councill;* it will 
be necessary not to loose the season of the year in die execudon. 
1 shall indeavour to attend at the next meeting, and am 

Your most obed^ bumb^ Serv', 
To Chr. Wrstv. 

Dr. Sloan, at his House in 
Bloomsbury square, 


■ Mr. Wren wat >wom upon the Council of the Royal Society himself, on the day 
After the date of thia Letter, M^rch ¥9, ITlo. 





7%e Eurl <^ Sht^Usburtf^ anther tj/ ih£ Charactmntictt h the Earl 
^Jiaiifait (o stand godfather to his 9&n* 

[Addli, MS. Brii. Mu».;i^l,lbl. ^. Orif-] 

' Thfi " jwiog fCDtlomAai'* moDtioai^l in Ibis hettvt ^ " ncwlf oome inio the 
i," *■■« AiKboDj iJbcnffinU ihird Cul itt bluifUflburjr. Ho «u loro F«b. 6\ 
ITIO-Il.uildkii Mtj ^Ib, ITTl. 

My LofJ, R«^at«, Feb. SS^, \7n. 

"nierft twing a iwuTig Gentleman newly come into the world who 
ht* the honour of hring irlat^d to youT Lordship hoth by hia 
lathers and Mothers side, ^tis hopM your LordsHip will not re- 
fiB€ t>eirtg m:Ld<> u [KiHy lo the Ceremony of giving him his Xame- 
Whftn he M>mc« horvaft<rr into thf? widest World, to leam his p^rt 
in i^ 'twill be hw highest advArtage to he [>red andcrr you, find 
b»ome your charge, lis pecidlar, my Lord, to your charmrter 
bj have & generouxe coneeni for the youth in geJi<:rftl ; mid 'twould 
br hard if such n yotith nv this vhon'd *HC3ipe yoit, who, if evt^r Any 
Wtoj may be laid to be bom to Liberty, and devoted to the Inte- 
rm of tlioM* who are the Lov<?rst and Defender* of it. For, what- 
eter motives otLcr P^renti mny hnve had, his (1 am sure] hnd 
never met but in thia view. And *twill b© satinfaclion cnougli (o 
h« Father, however ahott his Life ms^y be, if he ean flatter him* 
mU with tho pronjKct of leuvirig to his Frienda and P&rty a suo- 
cRKQur, who either by hin Xnmc, his In(ert-*ct, or hi« Genius (if 
lif h« fto bfefts'd) may in the least cortrihutc to thpir ncrviec- 

Airord more, my Lord, I will %'eiitore to add in my own peraon; 
for by tliifl titDKt I may pronume, my fatherly aHectioii has bc- 
tiay'd me. It is to bet^g that, if your Lordship grnnts the favour 
1 lihce ask'd for my sun, you wouM remember him )Lereafter aa 
ytnit Whigg'Godftofi ; and if T am no longer in the world to inspeet 
hii EdocAtion, tliatyou wou'd esteem your self conrem'd for him, 
in thk puhhok tense. 1 Iiuve known it, my Lord, InyM roundly 


to your charge, br the Genttemen of certaio fatal Seminurs, thmt 
you were a general Corrupter of the Youth. For my owd put, I 
hare no beartyer Prayer tlian that my Son may Etron^y take the 
Infection. Whatever his Faults or Vices mav prore, I shall hare 
enough to compensate all, if I can flatter myself with the hope of 
his inberitinj; that principle by vhicb he wiU be inseparable ^m 
his Country's interest^ and from those who best sopport it. 

And as thus, 1 am sure he must ever prove, as his Father baa 
long been, and is with the greatest respect. 
My LfOrd, 

Your Lordships most obedient 
humble Servant, 



The Earl of Hhaft€8lmry to Uie Earl of Halifax. A short Noie, 

[Ibid. foL &9. Or/f 

My Lord, 
I promi^'d tlie person who sent this enclosM to me, that I would 
present his Book to your Lordship, and afterwards himself: but 
iTi this Confusion of affaires 1 forgot both : so chose to send yon 
tliiv, as a less trouble to you than a Visit on this account meerly, 

Your faithful! humble Servant, 


i^ttmtHH Of nMlHATil LITVRAUY »Kff- 



Mr. Keiii to the I^ord TreasHTer^ upon an ^fter ntude to Aim to go 
out as Mathematinan /r> the RejsuhUc of Vemct, 

CBinb'ft M&S. Brit. »lvi. 4163, Kt. 66J 

*,* It va pmbftblf 4d f^i>*«|ai»oe4>f the offcif of th« V«a«t1ui r«iiiicatt mmikmfd 
io Uiii Letter, xhtX Qaoea Anne >p|iomt«d KoiU hir Docjpbcnr. 

My Lord, J^indon, Sept. 15, lyil. 

The favour? I liave received of your I/ordsliip, and the bounti* 
ful tokem of your klndcie);!!, have embohkii'd me to coiinUcr you 
not only u^ tiii excellent I'xircn^ but likewine lu it goo<l friend. 
And th<;n;forc I presume to ask your Lordships advice about an 
ftfTalr th&£ nearly ooncenis iu«. 

I have an oftcr now made mc by tlic Venetian Ambassador of 
going to VciiicG to be mathematician to the Kepubltck, and to 
bare a considerable pension iietied on me, l)eside3 other advan- 
tages I and tho* it is ray inclination to stay at homo rather than 
go abroad for my brings and my only ambition is to be in the list 
of your Lordships servants, yet my circumstances are such aa 
make it necessary for mc to think on the proposal to mc. 

J have been now almoftt nine months in En^'Iand, subsisting 
only OQ your Lordaliips bouutyf and the credit I had on the ac- 
oount that your Lordship has proaii^'d to provide for me. Dut 
tliU cannot last much lon^r; and therefore I beg your advice^ U 
you think I ought to accept of the Amha.v<adoni i^ropouil, since 
perhaps your Lordxhip cannot conveniently provide for mc so 
soon as my circumstances require. 

Your counsel in this point will add to the many obligations 1 
have to be, 

My Lord, 

Your Lonlshipa most obliged dutiful 
humlile servant. 



7ftc il«J, SJ«OJi OckUy, to hU patron^ Ltrrd Ojc/ord, A/ending 

*a* Tbs H^tlHMk Collect no ^ MuiuicrplaconUliu a eooiuftmbll nnate if tta 
lxCt<n of &ixi(ia QcblcT, a mmD of (mt Fiaiaantv a* «i Ot^cotllSit. !%• Qt lint 
onlfban bcoD iMrc tclcctciL lib tivity trcrc of Norfolk. «hvra bui fttlicr Ptc4| 
but be *B tucBKlf »^iJcuidU; boru a( Eutcj iii ir?!?. tn CA1I5 life he b fC i Wft B « 
nembrr of QiirtHi** Coll'iEr {-■mhrii!^, tn IT^'S hr irbi iwrwrnrd bf Joiu Coflcfa 
in thil Uoitortiijr tu the ViciivfC of Svmucjr in CMubnJc^htrc 1 and in ITU wM 
cboMtk AnUc Profoior. Hm lilrr&rr I'^viri vctrc numcmn*^ Amunctc tbcio U 
M)r b« vundeiil I0 mmUoo hit " UifCorjr of lb« pretmt Jcwt/' IStno. Lotid. 1T07 ; 
UU " Uiilorj of (he ^ant«DP," tJir Arvt vofuvd of vhicb tpiMuvd tn 170?. th« BHotut 
la 17IW, Wro, I biA '' A-?<!oiinC iif RoiiTh Wnt Bftfbiry." fl»fl. I-ood. 1713; *Dd U4 
Trantlatiofi of th« ^* Scatracd of Ali, ton in Uw of Mahomci." tta. Loiid. 1717. 
Simon Ocktrj mtOEic ortbo*c)ienoa« vha «re «o voforiutiaCB uto a^lfct econom;. 
Hi* Icitr^ an • commenC en bw chanurlrr He d«toi tlw Utrii>duoUoii 10 Ue no9ai4 
Tolabc of bi» lliacary cf the Avutfoa from CbmbrUfc C**lU, «bcr« ^ htd boB far 
•aai« niontb* • prinoncrfor dcbu He dini Augom 9U, 1790. 

My Lord^ Cambridge, July I5t\tf 1714. 

I was sa struck wUh horror and amazement toro days ago, that 
I caiiiioL jxjuxttily ^xjirenne iL A frieiul uf mine tiliewM xnc a ItAUir, 
pairt tif tJic cuuttfiiU uf which were, "Tlifit l*rof<;saor Ocklcy had 
** given such eitrcmc offence by some uncourtly answers to some 
** GeoUemen at my I»rd Treasurers Table, Cliat it would t>e in 
" Tftjn to make aiiy funhcr appliottton to him/' 

My Lord, it is imposstblo for me to recollect at this distance of 
time, ^\ll that I can aay is this : That as on the one side, for a mao 
to (;omc to his PatroiiK Tabic wJth u destign to afTrout riUier him or 
lua &iot)da, suppo^ea hitu a [KrfeLi Natuntl ; a meer Idtut : so on 
the other hide, it tvuuld bu cxtrcoic scveix-, if a person whose Edu- 
aUi(^ti WHS fuj- distant from the iiijliCe»cii9U of a Court, should, 
u|>on the account of an unguarded rxjircssiufi, or some litcle inad* 
rertency in bis behaviour, tuffer a capital seutence- Which is my 



%t^ if I hftVfi forfeited your X^rdahipa favour, vhidi God 

That man is mrolved in double rttiiie, that is not only forfi&kcti 
by his frieiid, but (which h the unnvoirliiblc* coiLHequence) exposed 
to the mnlioe firtd contempt not onlr of cncmlca, but wbat is atill 
more grievous, of all sorts of foots. 

It Ls not the l^lcnt of every well meanint* man to converse 
mtJi his superiors witli due decorum. For citlier when he reflects 
opon the nst distance of their Station above his own, he is struck 
dumb and almost insensible; or die their condescension and 
Courtly behaviour encouim^^ him to be too fumiliar. To steer 
eiaetly between these two extremes requires not only a ti;ood 
intention, but preience of niiud & long eustoni. 

Another article in my friends tcturr n-as, " That some body had 
*' informed your Lordship thnt 1 was a very Sot" WTien first I 
had the honour to be known to your Lordship, I could easily fore- 
see that there would be persons enough that would envy me upon 
that account, and do what in them lay to traduce me. Let Haman 
enjoy never so much himself, it is all nothing; it does him no 
^ocd till poor Mordecai is hang:'d out of his way. 

Bui I never feared ibe bcini; censured upon tliat account. Here 
in the University I converse with none but persons of the most 
distinguished reputations ^x>th for learning imd virtue ; and receive 
from them daily as great marks of respect and esteem as a man 
can possibly desire; which I should not hare i( Umt imputAtion 
were true. It is most cert^ that I do indulge myself the free- 
dome of drtnkinj{ acheerfoll cup at proper seasons among my 
ends; but no otherwise than is done by thousands of honest 
men, who never forfeit tJicir character by it. And whosoever 
doUi rin more than so, deserrea no more to be called a sot, tlian a 
man that cats a hearty meal would Iw willinj; to be called a 

As for those detractors, if 1 have but tlie least ansaranee of your 
rdships Eavour, I can very easily despise them. They arc Nati 



tmnmere /rufftt ; they need not trouble thf^mstrtres about vkat 
cvther people do; for, whatcrcr they eat nsid drink, it u only 
robbing the poor. So, bcgginf your Lordfthips fMidon, umI 
resigning iDy»elf entirely to your i^oodncssc^ I crriiclude Unft necc*- 
iary Apoloj^ with what I said to our President, Dr. James, some 
yearn ajco, upon some nich like provocation; tbat I would bfl 
oootent he should uke my chaiacter from any person that had a 
good one of hia own. 

I am, 
with ft]1 xubmitsiaii^ 
My Lord, 
Tour Lordships roost obedient humble scirant, 

Simon Ocklby. 


The »amc to Jjfrd Oxford, eonffraivJaiinff kU Lcrti$hiys reieosejivm 

the Imctr, 

My Lord, Cambridge, Sept 7. 1717- 

Mr. Morlcy is of surh a very active temper thait Iws seems to me 
to be always in hast, I had taken an upjMJrtunity of paying my 
respects to your Lordship, n-hen he was so kind as to call upon me, 
but I was loath to detain luri), 

I heartily con^nvlutate your Lordships deliverance from the 
handa of our common cnemi<»i ; they that are so to your Lordslup^ 
arc ^o of c<jnnc<|ucnoc to their Country ■■ 

I have at last fouiul leisure in myeonfii>einent to finish my 
Sarmoen History; whidi 1 might have hoped for in vain, in my per- 
plexed circumstances. If your Lgrd^jp would be pleased to 

* Lar4 OjUjri't ntmv frou tlic Tomti ku beet tlmdr aicaCloMd, ^ 3M. 



honour mc »o far aa to accept of the Dcdicaiion, I xliould justly 
take it aa n vcrr smgulnr favour. 

Tlie University being tJiin this Vocatiuii time} the contnbutions 
dcaigned for in« go OD butalovrlj'. Hon-cvcr thcn^ n above £100 
niibscribed already; and about X'50 more from nbroa^l. I hnjic m 
Uodj throug^i the assistance of good friends and ygur Lord->htpa 
favour, I sliall And aoiiie respite from my careu and vexfitionM. 

I have nolhing more to add at preaent but my hearty Prayers 
for the prosperity vf your Lord-ihip and all yuur honomblc 
&n)Uy, to whom 1 bi*g to be recommended with the most piHjfomid 

I am, 

My Lord, 

Your Lordahipa mo«t obedient 
humble ■ervfuit, 

SlMOV OcKi.«Y, 


The B€V. Simon Ockkjf to the Earl qf Ox/ordy when in 
Cambridge Caittt^ 

My Lord, Cambridge Cutic, May 2d, I/IT- 

I wax in hope* tliat I should never have had cccaaion to ^pply 
tyaelf to your Lordvhip upon this melaacholy occaaion j but it ia 
Irreaiatible. 1 am here in the Prison for ilchl ; whJd) must needs 
be an unavoidable conac^jucnce of the dibtrnctlons in uur family, 
I enjoy more repose indeed here tlian ) have tasted the»e many 
yeara, but tlie orcumatancen of a family obli^^c mc to gu out aa 
soon aa I can. My friends lierc iu Cambridge penuaded me 
rather to submit to it> and trust to Providence and tlic kiiidiicsie 
of my friends, tlian dear one debt^ and live in cndlcaoe vex&tion* 
1 have not yet got in a Catalogue t But I compute my debta to be 
CAMD. aoc. 2 z 


not much lease than £200. I beg the favour of your Lordships 
Charity ; and live in comfortable hopes that I shall receive some 
assistance troia my friends. 

I am, my Lord, 
your Lordships 

most obedient humble servant^ 



The Widow Ockiey to Lord Harley : on the »iate off^r late 

husband'8 afftnrg, 

[BtrLMS. 7535, Tot. 344. OfiS'^ 

My Lord, Swavesey, Octob, 3dj 1720. 

It is a great concern to think that I must trouble your Lordship 
with so melancholy a subject, but, relying upon your Lordships 
clemency, do humbly beg pardon for this attempt in laying before 
you the deplorable state of my afiurs which att present I tabour 
under by the decease of the Professor, his debts bdng beyond 
what his effects will amount to ; and the severity of his Creditors 
is such that the Executor is not allowed a reasonable time to 
make the best of his assets, but had yesterday an intimation read 
in the Church, with the allowance of but one week to come in ; by 
which means I am destitute of necessarys, and also rendered inca- 
pable of assisting my children. This I offer to your Lordships con- 
sideration, humbly requesting your charitable assistance to the 
Fatherless aiidwiddow. I am with humble duty, and service to 
my Lady, I remain in all obedience your Lordships most dutifull 
and obedient humble servant, 

Mabtqa Ockley. 

My daughters joyn in Duty 
and service to you and my Lady. 
To the Hon*-!' the 

Lord Harley, present. 




Thoma* Heame to Humphrty tVanl^r^. On the Fra^m^i' ^ I^^ 
UmtFs CoUectiimM^ De^rt!s therttnm to Ojford cfa MS, which 
had f&rmer^ Ubmffed to Humphrey Duke of Gtoua^er. 

[BvK MB. aiai. vt. 91. 6H7.] 


I am Tery uucb obliged to you for rour kind Letter of the 1 3t]i, 
Vfhxch I did not recoivc till the 2Ut InsUnt. 

I shall have occasion to make um* of a p^L^Kugc in AnL u Wood's 

Diary, and I bad rather have it from the OnginaL than from a 

I Copy. So that 'twill be an Addition to the kindnesses I have 

Teceir'd from my Lord Harleyj if by your means I can hare the 

tue of it. 

I (hank you for thu acconnt you give me of the Piecet of Lc- 
land in my Lord Oxford's Library, ITio' some of thcm> I bo- 
lieve, are nothing more tbark Hxcerpta out of the Orij^in&l I have 
printed, yet I perceive others arc written with his own hand, I 
aliall take it as a great favour for the use botli of the Ori^naU,as 
well a$ the Trail scripts, and ahall therefore beg tlint (with my 
Lordv leave) they may be all transmitted to rac- I will take g:reat 
care of t]icin^ and will retom them with all convenient Ex|>edition. 

I thank you for your other informations. Hohnahed att well 
aa Stove borrowed much from Lcland. And the best part of the 
Deseription of Britain before Ilohnshed by Harrison i» extracted 
from him, Harrison himself being a man but of indilferent judge* 
ment, and having not been a traveller. Indeed all the Antiqua- 
ries of note since his time have drawn very many of their materials 
Cr>m him^ tho' oftentimes witliout acknowledgement. 1 have 
printed hisCodrus, which is against Folydore, bat shall be willing 
to compare it with the same spiriC as his Asaertio Arthuri, which 
is done with very great judgment, and in an elegant style. 

1 have often lookM upon the Verses of LeLand in our MS. 



marked NE. F. 7- 4* which Book belonjc'd once to K. HeBnr 
VIlIUi. for whom Lelniid had procured it- Tliese \enes are 
already published in Lcland^M Encomia illustrium Viiorum, viiich 
I have reprinled- But whether those at Sl James's arc also pub- 
lished I cannot pretend to judfce, "till I have aomc farther Account 
of Uiein, which 1 hope to receive from you» if the trcable be not 
too great. 

A certain worthy Doctor of Physick of this Universitv forrocriy 
promised to examine tJie Fmgnienta in the Cotton Library, but 
having not hciml frum luni for Almost two years tos;ether, I fear 
that he hath cither forj-ot his Promise, ttt^ at least, tJiat his prac- 
tise hath taken up so much of his Lime, that he hath not as yet 
found leisure ; nor hath any other friend undertaken it for me. 

Tlic MS, yuu speak of with Sir Robert Cotton's Inscription, 
was one of Humphrey Duke of Qloccstcr^s Books. Tlio' S' Ro* 
hcTt ffavc it to S^Thcmas Bodley, to be restored again to its pbcc^ 
yet I am apt to think that thro' multiphcity of other business it 
was neglected to be brought hither. But be that as it will, sinos 
'tia certain that it properly belongs to us, I do not doubt but the 
noble Lord (in whose possession it is now) upon Notice would 
T^adily part with it, and take care to have it returned to the Uni- 
versity. I am, Sir, 

Tourrery humble Servant, 
Oxon. Ootob* Tuo. Heab»je. 

23d, I7M. 
To Mn Humphrey Wanlcy, the Coach OfEce 

in Surrey Street, in the Strand. 

Ttie librwr aUl)lUlicd in ihe Univfnritj of Oiford bj ttua mnniAccDt ptlrai «| 
UunturD, Hvmpbrtf Xlukcorti]oaceJtcr>eOD»lited of tax hundrMl f olcini«i ^ baCM 
lliarau||Uf wctc City ^nptrtv^ hj Uif VteUor* vt tko Unltonllj, la tb« irlfn vl 
EdHr<l tbt Siitb. that Iwo kolHur rplfltnH aaly of the mholt CoUfreUou, *i lW pn- 
ftcnt iUTi cxuI in ibe Uodleiui IJbrtrv- 

Towhit MS. of ilii; lf«rttLaa Uhntj llnruo idlvta, to tbc kOcr pwi of tbU 
LntfT, u not dv«r- U« mj* ii ti*d " Sir HohM'i<:oUon'ila>criftioi^''*ad 1b«t"Sii 
Jbkbvrl $^tt it Ui Bit Tbtfrnv BoUkjr, t« be nrtorai mf/tim to iu filMt." 



O&i f dmmfl li oMtaiiilj !■ ibv tlvkboi CoIlHiloQ u ibti tine, whifih vu fonnerlr 
the Dttkc of Gbnectttr't, but It hnv do cppfimnM of liiviag b(«ii Sir Rvbfrl Ct^ltdn*!, 
Jt Is iJie nirlclui MS. 1705. t naalJ ToJLo wrltteo ou Rne t'clfam, a«v coniiiUug oT 
h]n#u-aii IfSTvt^ but D«ar ^at* bca f^c o^i, oiitcll ■> ■ grd nauy of (bei11<imlD«lt4 
UcUn. Th« work u « Litia TrukiliiJon cf Plato** PoLitio, by T. Cutiidiu December. 
Ac lh« end. in Ihf^ Dak«*» own band, l» irnUj*n 

" 0«f Hurt twt a mo|' i/nv^fy duv de glocattrt 4n don P. Caniittm, Sfcrtlairt dn 

Tbr Bntiih MuAciun, m iU Hifitpunl rolUnHnnf, jii>i»«aHa HVvnJ o(h«r Mutusaripti 
vblcb formcrlf belonged to Elumpbfry Duktf of iilouctntcr. 

In tb« v\d Ro^ttl Collection S P. II. U « toIueqc of L«da Triutx foming ■ 4to of 
ft banilrri] toil ihJrtT'OnE karc* uf relluin. Amongit tbnn mre BertiJini abbot of Ove- 
T4iri Lrticrv, Bill] BCTcnl wuikt vf AlboDaiJut bubuji of Aluuidtiflu Ou the xxtv> of 
the Im Inf li wrif i» 

" C»f ^larr «*! a nrfy Httmffty Due 4« ffiocfttrt If qtttt jt Jit trtrulatvr dt One n 
l^tlnpar tn *U mtt tecrttatrt^ Anlo^nt df Btccara nt dr Vrri>Hr." 

ADOthrr rdnoir* m G. VI., ■ lupcrb ind iplriididty iliumuiat«] Mtmucnpt o«i tcI- 
Imi of Ibe I lUi frntui^, <iont>iDt thv -■ ChroDiqucv df h Roja dn Frun^v, jut<^uci • U 
mart dt £t. Ixiuji. Tbo L^JC." (>d Ibr rroiit of tli« tut foUo ■« rejid 

" OHf /Jvn n/ 4 H0y Hym/rty DiHi dt gloutettn dM <J»a '^ (jvc«fnr« iir Sr. dr 

tn the CottooUn Collrctlon, Nerc D. v. U « fine luid ^Irfant volaw of the Ur^pt 
file, conTotcdag tbo OrdinarLoe* and DHr«C4 of Iht Council of CocoUnoa under Fopci 
John XXI U- Xttkca, under anlhorlCT, by Notanoa, Itli vnttm apon a bundrvd and 
ninc4y<lwi> iMtei of rdlam. At Ihs nd of tbne, in tbv mido band ai th« prcccdlni 
part of tbo Maoiumfl, afCirr '* KiplMt Li1>vr," we hjit« " Orlgo «l Prooeaau* Gcntla 
SfUUirum, mt: dc domiido CI lUprrlorliHtD qiw ci VLtit^uUtfioi* icmporibua el a primcYO 
htbfurauL inDljti rc^i*a Ad^Ifk tuiwr Kvgnum lilud.itk <|Ud4 fli corum prvrof^civa illnd 

acpioi fpwnim Addiboa pronl t>l"^C libere oontoleruit :" and */tcr the lut Miitcncc 
SnfoU Ifllb, 

■■ C'-tf /lurt «J a Hoy Ilv^frry Dhc dt ffhHCOwlr^ It ^tlft aehttay dti tj*€tiiff¥rt 
M^Utrt TAvnutr Pvlfirn /m iiray </■ IfVrcrf/r*." 

In tKv Klnkn* rallrrlicm, No^ ?48. iBafmiH if:1l»!n toMo of <iro hnndreil And Iwcnty. 

«Icb( leavea, '* Albnsajii, nie AbulliHi^m Kbalaf £bn Abbu Al-2abar«ir, Abtidota. 
riom per Ledojcum Tclrafannacuip c hngua Aroblca iriDilatuDi^'* Ilaui]direy l>ukc 
Of OloucoFlev'a coat of anna vitbia a bordim on fiv^a in iho firat illamljialod LatE«r. 
At ilio lop of iIh Artt IW. asd at tbe *ad of the Mamucript. la writla 

" Uytlt 4( htik A Gltmcafr*:' 
ml oa a blaiik kaf ai the end 

*' LoyAl* if bttU a fUucutrf. 
Loy^lfmtnt nufre fa /NicAhv*/' 
Tba fiftrtoa HanaacripU la iha Mukcuaa, 4*17. (It, eOApriiO aCopf ef 1^ tallaH 



VOTiOttorthoSflriptureiiuualljcillBd'Wirliri BibIP>£A two voliusM «f IhB IVfVflt 
•iM, oa Ttllum. Tliin M^iivurHpL wva »ii|ipincc] Xif Dr. \ilAtit Clkrk«, li> «bom || 
forvwlf fmloiifpid, on» to hjiH b«*n thit pruprrty of Tfarimu Af VToodttiMt, Ehikt «f 

Olouftrr, bat ihc Amu U) the loiEiAJ ktier of the Ant led ibevr ft to h»n btbflfsi 
to Doke Hwaptmjr, 

Tli« tvo ManQUcrlpt* b1t«uJ; tUmlnil tv m In Uw BodJEfui I4bnr7, ire «n«, Cfel 
Bccimd Vart at Valerius MliIbdiu t Uto otbri, tb« Politle* ot .LriMotla IrtnaldU^ bj 
ARtlne : the former bear* tbe Duke'a una in tb« first pk^r^ , tbo JjtTtf hu x d«illc^ 
ticn tD him upon Ibt If leaf) tmii aiipeort ta liavc hem (lie prt^vdUtioa po^j, 

Th« EcUlor i» taroruif!cl bj Iht prtscat loLTDed nd n«llnt Keeper of tbc B<Hileiaa 
Ubnr^i Dr. UuiiUnel. 1b*t ■ LUc of nU tbe BoDLiwbkcbllwnphrTj Dvkr of GbAioe*- 
t«r gmv(>, fkviB tin* to tinw, ta tht Uninnitjr, U prevnad id «o0 of tK» old fU^<b«n 
in Ibv AitbitM. 

LcUnd In hii Col]«cCAiipa. torn. 111. p. -'t^* ajn tbit Hnmpliitr Dule of Glowtvy 
ter rMvirfd numrniDii ricUlj mcuiltiAl^d MAiiiiMripU na pruenis iroa the bodl i 
MiimttEricK : pml aJda (ZiaI he frcqucotlj inscribod ea lie front IfAW of Us M«n«^ 
Knp[j Itie ttutUo " ATctwi ^I'n mandain,'* 


John Anstis^ Garter King at Arma, io Humphrey ^Fan/^j rerpeci- 
inff a Manuscript v>hich he had horr^fwtd Jron Lt/rd Ox/ord*» 
Library /orp firnna I. 

[llarLMS.377B, art 1«. Orif,} 

*«* Tha MaDiii(-ript berc alludrd ta wu tbc French Metrical HliU>r7 of tht Dqxs- 
iltiobof Kirig Richird ll.t 10 ibl^ editrd intl tnuDtJated ia the tventieUi Tolnme of 
th« Arobsolo^ bjr the lUv. John Webb. Tbii MAQucripc formatlj hthntigtd ta 
CbarlM of Aojou. Earl of MaIdo and MortjiiQ, wid in now MJi. Hu-l. 13l!». Th« 
mthor of UtLji HiKlory was undiicoTcred in Anitii'i (Imc, but li now Imoirn to biTO 
becD Jchan or John Cr«ttiD, ont of tbc vnlrvti dr nhinibre of ChoFlfn the fvtxtb of 
I'rftDCP, who wnt b:ni in NO? (o Scotlindt to M(^«ruln ibc rtradcy of Ibe vtoiy Att 
EUcbiuil wu atiU iiUT« In thai ovtUj, S» aUo tb« Af chsologia, vol. ixvIlL p. 
74— 9i. 

Dear Sir^ 
T Imve read over the MS., whirh frortains several piirttrailnri- 
tics vorUiy tlie publishing^ and from it I have transcnbcd some 



EvtnctA ; one* thi^r^ it which expressly prorea a Conjecture that 1 
advanced concp^^i^f; Collin, thai the Lduicnttiian line introduced 
a new form of a CoUftr diiTerent from the form xised by our former 

Mr. Htjow perused AU very book, or ftiintber copy,* and hath in 
his manner abri^^ged it in the end of tlie reign of Rich. 11. which 
you will possibly innpcct upon this occasion, and it is worth the 

I left your kind Letter in Town whidt you sent ma rancrming 
thin Rook, hut 1 thinlc ynit therein nscnbepd it to one Janico. I 
cannot find the authority for it in the Rook, which hovevpr fre- 
quently mentions a Gaieoigner of that name, an Esquire, w!io 
Adhered to Rich. 1!. in his greatest difttresfles, and was the last 
pcnton who hare his Dcii'ice, itnd (njs the writer of this MS. snytb] 
waa imprisoned in Chester, where it was cxpectrd he fdiouhl have 
been beheaded, but he escaped that punishmont, n commejay oy 
fhr^ deputM^ hia wiirds are. He waa one nf two Gentlemen, who 
wTTc recommended to Richard IL by the King of Fninre, and 
obtained leave by means of Lancaster Herald from the Duke of 
Lancaster before hLi roronarioti to return home, which might give 
some (though a very Wf*ak} reason, to gucsse that it was wrote by 
Berry lierault qui a deerit la Deposition & Mort de Richard Roy 
d'Enf-leterre, m^^ntioned in Annotations to the History of Juvenal 
deaUrsins, p, TAG, l)u Fresne, in tlie Catalogue of the French 
Works UAcd by him in compiling his Olouary, mentions one in 
pro«e^ HiHtorie de la Mnrt de Richard Roy d'Anifleterre, but de< 
termincs not whether the first or second of tliat name. 

I have not by me JoidviIIq with Do Frcsnc's Dissertations. In 
; book, arur VEstablift.semen.K de S. Louis, p. 86, he quotes a 

ssgc of giving to Rich. I L in his distresses n pair of black spurs, 
which I think he takes from some particular History of that King, 
but this pAisage is not contained in your MS. 

> Prafaablj ibaE in tho Uabcth Ubrair, «Ucb onn belonged to Dr. Jobi Dee. 
LIs^MMdby UoUD«bcil, 



1 returu Uw Book with ntmnj th^nka, ftnd dc*irc 70a to give my 
tnott humble serYicei to luy Lord Oxford, and I am with tM fricaid* 

sbjp «nd rcjipcct, 

y mott faitlifol mtt^, 

Jonv AsiTlt. 
I vuh thftt T IcMW whftt other book« 
you hftre of thin nfttare, tbft( 1 might beg tlio 
favour to inspect them. 
To Mr. Humfroy Waulcy, 
ttt tfao Right Iloik**^ the E«ri 
of Oxford^ in 

DoTcr Street. 
W^ A Book. 


Mr. \athanul Sainton to thf Earl of O^ord, ComUUrs tht MUet 
qf AniotWM^M Itinerary tuuvyfirohte to t^e aid Enghth computed 

Oog|h, Id hb An«C4loi«« of Bhtiih Topocrai^j. vol- k. pp. II. 1^, MfK 
" KalhtoUl StUiw (tld«M M« oril>ott» fiftlinVD* rwt^r af Mapul, B«ift)rd*lilptf, 
ftad broC^Fr Ut tbe t*Qfnpb«r ftitd hlitoriocnphc*), wbo norivcJ hU «i«ei(»n «t 
Bend Coflrgi CAmbrid^f > tn*! vu <nn:« of WottniU, HflffffiiMiIrr bvl aenitlug lo 
Uke Ihtf cvth* to Qnceu Anmc, prttaiaid yhjtic «E Sb)rt^>r4, mJ dinl la 1743, pnb- 
\hhnd, ' Roniui 8Ullo» Id BnUli), tcoordloc lo tb< IvipcrimJ ttliwrarj, ifas ll« 
WsUtBB'fUvt. £nB]B«-4«r«*t« [kf«iAf , or ^^ ad leu&ot, to far u BAjr of ihfH nsAi 
kai IbroiMib tbc foUowinf eouotw, N'orfolk. SuffoUi CfKbrid^ibirr, Emvx* Hcrt* 
fordiUrr, Bidft-rdihiM. MtddkMi.' irSfi, 8ti>., ukd ' A B^ntj of tbe Rosu Antt- 
qiJdw In >am« of thv M^OibJ C««atl«« Of B^lutd, 17VC.' TbcM b« dlcvwudi in- 
wp oratoJ u<o U« * Ntfv Svcybt of Ba^lABd, vkcnlA tkt d*foc4« of C—A»n arc «af* 
pUMl, AAd tbe vnr* of bU fbllnr#« rrmiirk#d i tht npfnirni of o^ ■JtiyifiM «att> 
pmd; tbi Il«tti« talUivT «■!« tne^ j uvl ib« italiaiw MUlftd MOM^iig (■ ihr Iti- 
wm^, «4tboal altcriftf At flcmt; «Ub vooit aaiuni kltfny of taeb Cou^tf/ " 
9vok,9vo. 1711. 

My Lord, 
When J hud Uie Ikonour to »ec your l4ord3hip> you did ok tbe 



bvottr to ratMCTiI>« for die l^i^ito^y of IfprtforJsUire I was cloinj;. 
It bath b«en ttomc time pubUgH€<l and jwlvertiiwd to be df-Uvered 
hy Mr. Uloh&rdion^ Printer, in Sulifclitiry Court. Amongst aueh 
m crowd of AdverlisemcntA it hatli l>cen ovorloolccd^ or t3)c pajwr 
ne^-er sctn liy nomp Gentleman tlmt liavt* subscriHod, which mudc 
ro<j tftl<fl the freedom to girc your LortMup this account. 

I hA\'o be«n sinoff about nnothor vrork in which 1 iilioul<! take it 
Oft a grcnt favour to have your Lordships jud^iucnt. The Itine- 
rary of Antoniiiuft I fiud atl authora muktiig free ivith, uoiideiun- 
ii^ it for blundcm, and Altering figures an nuitn hctt witJi Ihetf 

Having tried it in many Counties^ I found the Milea there? «et 
down wi«wer every where to our computed ones: and thnt thoy 
will not aniiwer to Italick or any other mcnsuro wliataoei^r, bdng 
difToreut U\ diderent Counties, and at difiVrcat divtanecK from 

If this Olio difltcully he got over that the Aomana so fumoua for 
exacCnestt should make their mcAaurca unequal, there will be n 
foundation to tr^- what can be made of our present computation. 

If Saxons or Normanet had set our Milca for un, there n^ight 
have been the same objection* 

It's plain tliey did not set them, bccaunc they hare been aa thoy 
are ever since tlic Roman timr«. 

An I find they nnsvrcr to the Counttyn Computation^ and tJiat 
for half ringland I am Mure of the fact, the nrxt thing Is to 6nd a 
son of the Ronuum contenting thcmHclrca wit!\ iiuc!i uncertuiiL 
unequal nicaaure. 

I preiunie then Utat they took Hxe British measure &s they 
found it- And as Britain had been under different Itcguti, thetr 
cuatoms were diiTererit. Wc have nt thin day a ditfen^nt Buaheft 
GidloEi, Stoiie, iu ditTercnt pnrt9 of Eik|j;Und. 

They took the ontient namea of Rtvera and Frorinoes, onlf 
latioixiiii; them. And might by [ctving the Britons to llieir 
antient meaaure^ be better underatuod by them, and have tltetr 
eAUD. soo. 3 A 



direeriona better ft^Uaired tlian if they Kad imposed n more ex^cf ' 
method to which ^c tifltivcu were strangers* 

1 hftve gone through ftbove tventy Counties, uid find the Stft- 
tion« aceording to tlie Itinerary, n>ekonmg tlie mdes nlwaj-s as the 
Country reckons thctn. Thw in » »iort of demon«t«ition that the 
Romnnn went by our computed Tnileft. And 1 havft wwov^rftd 
many ntations by this method, which were never tolarubly aeoountcd 
for before. 

My met}ni<l haK been to publiah an Account of tbe Rotnnn An- 
tiquttioA of thoHC Couniiea m a single IhiniphleL The tint was 
upon Kent, SuascXj and Surrey: the second upon Middlesex* 
Esacx, and Suffolk : the third, iivhich about this time u pub- 
liahed, hath NorfDlk, Cambridgeahire, Huntingdonshire, Theae 
arc printed by Walthoe ii^nst the Royal Exchange. I don't 
know whether your Lordship hath seen any of them; if not, I will 
order them to be >cnt to your Lordship. 

I huvc by mc materiulH fyr twelve Counties more. Tlie fourth 
part will conUiin Lincobi?>hirc> Nottin^hamidiire, Rutland. I do 
occasionally trtat of Sa:con or Norman Antictuities if I find »ny 
thing new. 

The Diocese of SiilnaccKter I am not satisfied in from our com- 
Tnon Accounu, That it was joined to Dorekestcr 1 make no 
Question, but believe it extended ftirtlicr than the present Lind- 
acy, indeed to the whole County; and that Lindiaaa &igniBed 
Lincolnshire, &s did Provincia Lindifaroruni, in which tlie f is mU' 
taken for the a. 

Florence of Worcester, on the year lOIG, hath Endnothtis quo* 
que LindiculnicDKis Epiacopus — intcrfcctus est. On the year 
11)34 j'EthcricuR LindicoUiiensia Episcopus dcfungitur On 1052 

et Ulfua Lundicolniensia AntiateH cum ftiua Iforinanms rix 

evadcntcs mare transierunt- 

It could hardly have been called an union of the two Sees if the 
vast Diocese of Dorchester had an addition of no more than 



Tlicrc is also in the AtJrJition* to Cfunden, the first edition of 
my Lord of London, a quolalion from Giraldus wliich is made use 
of to «hcw Sidnace«ter was not in Lindscy, 

It is a Saxon nftmci^ and can't entiivly I>c losst. If in Lindsty, I 
believe CavtoT between Linw>in A Cinmsby theplace; but I nither 
take it to be Anrsutti^T, a Unmstn StAtnnn, ^ th«t the Saxon name 
was Cyningaoca.<[tcr, whioh mighc caaily he comiptftd into Cydnu- 
oester, & in latin 'tU wi^tlen SiTiacestrencii I'torinoin. The C* 
turned to S. is fre^juent. 

1 »s!c your Lordshijui juirrlon fnr Wing thu« particular, k shall 
lie highly honoured with yonr opinion of Sidnaccstrr, ^ all the 
Tttt that jour Lordaliip shall please to look upon. 
t fini. 

My Lord, 
Bishops Suirtford, your Lonlxhipft moat obedient 

Hertfordshirtr wid moat humble servant, 

Octob, 26* N. Salmo?:. 



Dr, NutAamei Lurdner tt> Professor ffard, on /Ac dupvUd 
anihvfUk-iitf of Si. Ij/nalias's EpUUts. 

[AMI. MS, Dril, Mubh (WIO, U. 191- OHff.] 

Hoxton Scjuare, 
DwirSir, Feb. 22,1 7^*. 

I hope yon wiU excuse tlie trouble I am about to give you. It 
\% the opinion of the aoundncsa of your judgement that brings it 
upon you. 

I am deftifous of knowing your opinion concerning the Epistles 
Bsefibed to St. IgnatJUH. 


1 will fin^t inform yon, that 1 have read DaiUee, Pcanon, and 
lately I^uroque, who treat professedly of the genniiiencss erf tfacac 
Epistles, I hare also myself made a pr^etty exact companscn d 
the smaller aod lai;ger Epistles: and apon that compansoa am 
fidly persraded, that the larger Epistles aie an interpcdation oi 
the smaller, and not the smaller an abridgement of the larger. 

The only qoestioD therefore that rrmains vith me u about the 
genuineness of tfae smaller: about vhidi 1 hare only some 
doubts, but sun not posttiTe. I am in a wvrering condition. Bat 
it is of importance in my design to come to a fixed detenniDatioa, 
if possible, concerning soch early Christian writers. 

It is not the design of this request to put you on the troubk of 
a particular enquiry about this matter. But oidy to entreat the 
favour of your thoughts about this question, prorided you bare 
already considered it. 

Any one may be sensible that, as 1 am now defending Cfaris- 
Hanity, the more antient Authors there are who bear testimony to 
it, the greater is the advantage to me. So that, if I hare any pre- 
judices in this question, they must lye in iaToor of the genuine- 
ness of these Epistles, But 1 endeaTour to preserve a pofect 
impartiality in my mind : and I am earnestly desirous, that every 
author 1 quote should possess only that authority which is justly 
doe to him. 

1 am. Dear Sir, 

Your affectionate friend 
To and obliged humble servant, 

Mr. John Ward, X. I^bdnbe, 

in Greaham Collie. 




(eft Sitfch, fellote of Eton Coltffft, to Dr. BanAes^ rtspfctinp tht 
rver'tnemoroMf. John IMrt^ 

[UktfaMSS. BriL Htu, -l^lv.ut. }19. OHf.) 

Dear Sir, Eton Cull. Feb. 18Uu !?3fi, 

John IUU'3 uf the dty of Batli, M. A. vrttft uilrnittvd Fclkivr of 
Uton College 21tb May 1613, 

He WM also Canon of Windsor, 

Kicbiinl IVTiivanic I tiiid choaen into the College in his steady 
the 30tli of May 1 GS I . Tliere is no notice in any of our Dooks or 
■ Papers of his Expulsion or tlie causes of it. lie mentions it in 
hU will to be on unjust and causeless E3;trusion from Sua College. 
Our Tradition is that he was turned out becuuse lie ivuuM not 
tfike the Kngaigement. 

lie liT'dftboui five yc&ni after tliis in an House in Kton vitli 
Mrs. Hannah Dickenson, relict of Mr. John Dickenson, whom he 
also made his Executrix for her kind reception of him aft«r hi» 
^Ufijunt And e^uselevs Extrusion. It is writ on his Tomb in the 
['Church yard, that he died May \G5G. But at Arst there was no 
Date on the Toinb^ and this has been added within this nix years, 
when the Tomb was ordered to be repoir'd. 1 have some doubt 
whether he died that year or no. I think I have hirard it put later ; 

ere ia ncthmg but tradition for it in tJiis or that> for in thoae 
Hmes of Confusion the ref^iit^^r was not kept regularly. 

His will bears date 19th May lG5i>. It was proved before 
Provost Alleatree, :J9th March IGGC. It begins thus—*' In Dei 
Nomine, Amen, &c. My soul hating been long since bequ^^ilh'd 
unto the ML*rctes of Gud m Jesus Chriht my only Saviuur, and my 
Body naturally bequeathinj; itself tu Dust nnd Ashes out of which 
it waA taken^ I John Hales of Eton, in the county of Bucks, clerk, 
by tiiis my last Will and Testament, do dLs|»ose of the small 1^ 
miinJerof my poor broken Estate in mauner,"&c. Ho concludes 


witb commanding his Esecutris to bury bim in the Church yard 
of Eton, near to his little godson John Dickenson^ the next 
evening song after he shall die^ in a plain simple manner, without 
8ermon or ringing of Bells^ Commenaadons, Compotations^ or 
such like solemnities^ for (says he) as in my Life I have done the 
Church no service^ so I will not that in my Death the Church do 
me any honour. 

His Epitaph 
in Eton Coll. Church yard ; 

Musarum et Chaiitum Amor 

Joannes Halesius 

(Nomen non tam Homini quam Sdentite) 

Hie non jacet; 

At Lutum, quod assumpsit, optimum 

Infra ponitur. 

Nam cert% supra mortales emicuit 

Ingenio subdlissimo, pleno Pectore sapuit 

Mundo sublimior, 

Adeoque aptdor Angelorum consortio. 

jEtatia suae lxxii. 

Impensis Pet. Curwenii olim hujus Coll^;ii 


Ob, Mai, 1656- 

Dear Sir, What I writ on the other leaf is all that I can say 
with certainty ; the very little I have to add concerning this ever 
memorable man, of what I have pickM up from those I have con- 
versed with, I fear will make you think me not worthy of succeed- 
ing into those very Chambers that Mr, Hales liv^d in near an 
Hundred years ago^ of which the Chimney Piece with his Arms 
(a Chevron between 3 Lionets) carv'd on it is a proof, and which 
I carefully preserve in memory of him, I have heard he was a 
strong Calvinist, dll, going into Holland with Lord Carlton, he 
heard Episcopius. After tliat^ as be used to say, be bid John 



C«lvm gcKKl night. He is .supposed to Iibtc been brought in 
Pdlow on the rccommcnilation of Sir fl. Sa^ille, tlint Lenrncd 
Pmvoat of our College, whu imployed liim in die Eton i-dition of 
Chryflusloin'ft Wtjrics, And> a> \s niud, u«c<] to call him his Bibiio- 
ikt€U aiMMan», Lord Clarcudun, in hia Memoirs af hia own 
Times, AS the late Dr. Clark of Oiiford told m«, givvs tJii« Cha- 
racter of him, tfaftt he wns one of tlic kat men in Euro[>e, with 
the moti le>irnii]]^. By Tils Will he ^^ven ul) Iuh Ijiuiit iin<l Greek 
Book* to John dAllcr^ E^ujuin:, of Ililcliinn (if I read U right) ; his 
Eoglbh to his Exceutrix, from wh^m tliey ramc to old Mansfield 
who Uved where Dr. Snnpira house aiauds. It U supponed there 
were nuiny of his \Vritiii^« among iheui } hut ihvy vfcrv, ftftcr the 
old niaii'n deaths dt!i|H:Ta*d and lunt. 

I remain, I>eai Sir, 

Your very aflcctioimte, 
humble Scrv*, 

St»&i'ii. Slecch, 
Give me leave to adJ» if he died May 1656, this Story cannot 
be true, Lliat a pour Cavuher, an old acquaintance of his, came to 
him for relief. — He told the Cavalier hia circumstances, thac he 
ihad but so many pounds left, -£12 the story says, and he shouM 
PdiYide it with him, for half wou'd serve him a^ lon^ a» he shoa'd 
livCi He leaves above ;£lOO in legacie^t, benidea what his Execu- 
trix was to hare. It is Haid ahu he wzut furccd to »ell his Study 
of Books ; but by his Wilh lu I Iiavc observed, he disposes of tbeui 
to Mr, Salter and his Executrix, If those Stories axe true, the 
date uf his Death must be fabe« 
To Dr. Uankes, 

at the Tea-Canister, 
8truid*bridge, London. 




Thomas O^ham^ to Dr> Birchj onmutcft^ hh purchatt of Ike 
Harltian Librmy of Printed Books, 

[Rirvh-« MSS Dhl. Mu«. A.UC, krt. 03. <Hr.] 

Kcvd, Sir, 
Haveiiig purchafted tlic Library of Uic K&ric of Oxfordf a mor 
Tilimblc Collection than perhaps was ever in the hands of nny^ 
BoohflcUL^r, I am desirous of consulting the Learned vit)i regard 
to the disposal of it, mid Imvc therefore inclosed tlie Scheme of a 
Catalogue whicli I intend to puhlish in February, of which the 
Compiler joins his request that you will facilitate the Composition 
by your advice, with my cntrcnty th&t you will promote the Suh- 
seription to it by your rccommcndFLtion, 

I &[D» Sir, 

Your moat humble Serrant, 

Oct ah, 1 ^i2, TUO. OillORNB. 


Pr^e^or IVftrd io Mr. P- Sainthilt^ upon tkf gold coinage uf the 
Bmptror AUtctuM- 

CAddit MS, Brit. Mw. C^G, p. 39.] 

*,■ Th«nri9«f AlLfvrut'*tfoin> i* the* rir:lier meUiIi hiA «lirar« l^n ickaow- 
ledgul by NottlBudo vHt«T«. TIm oalf one in ^lU wtiUli Hafiduh kncv of b« dc- 
loibed from Uit papcn of Pcirsw i& ibo fallovfuf nrdi i 

" IMF- G ... ALLXCTW > r, r. AVo. Ca|Hiin«ll]i[um,ftJ|>v<^liuciaui |i*lbduA<mto. 

■4.1'rt ATO. Flfitr* nnlivhrik tUin, •nprntm ddlr4. jiiUraii tiatKri tfwtL t In 
lot parte ml, fi m-jMi* /^*Ki4.'* 

Id • Noi«, h« nddtt, '* UoM AUcdi n omaL dUaIIo nmnini rsrt iBiit, bic t^nca ex 


t^'lTBRe OF RUI.\K,NT i-tTVHAftV MRH. 


uro nrWQiM, hid *lDfal«rii v»t, ct dcdJentur in CoUcHiotie MedlobvU, q«r«i- 
ftdfrnblutn *t tpc|iirotc« irtr«atcii, r|ui cum rmhoril>ui adnummuidi tint.'* * 

DvodVl, hofrcicr, to f4r u AlloctB«'« Ciiin» 1[J thr Etiird brui irc fi3Dc«rned (ind 

rruemtian. Utotgh, la Adc oondiiion, UMfftm mrr, AUctliu, (t will be rcmtiikbrr^. 
rnfufd in Britiia ontf • mi Ic I* In BriUJn ralj tlut hit ccLn* w it uif time ddco- 
nred, Oo thia t^^i^ounl ftjrai^ii vriun tn apt to coD^idtr bi« Uiinl^briiu tfiias 
Muorr ifaJiB ihej TtA\lj trt. 

Protestor V«rd. b»iitt Ibc AUboFu* i4 gold dcicriboil bjr B*Aduri) know but <^ ibrv* 
olhar eienpUn in tfaim c^aoiry, DAmdr' Mr. SuntUU't, wbMO ooia he bod borroAvd, 
tbi Ibn kta Earl of Oxford^, ud Dr. Mciad'p. 

Whtt lM!oam« of Mr, Kiiatbitrv coin th« prtavnt Editor ]< un*b1f U> uy- Dr. 
Und^ vu purcTiaml ti tlic «ile or liU Muiicum for Jt2\ ^t^ by the Duk« of Do^n- 
■Ur«. ll itfi^bfJ tlily-ntnt j^ntn*' hard Ovford'a vu boo^hl b; Ue BatI of Ftm* 
broka. and it enjcraTrd in 1h« Nnnuimatt Ptmbroehiaoai ttb. 38. 

Tbo Afums tad liucri|)tlao« on lh< frrfrvn of mfutt of Ihrvo Calnm wrrv clifTsmU. 
Ttmt votioed hj Banduri had sALt-^a avc. for iti dcricv. Uionael Apnki of anolber 
wlUi araii avq. ud In tbr ctcrxua Mt. «r iiL. MiviiDCt taJaca catli of thatt apod* 
mcna ■! ill liBiiJf<J fnnr^. or .i'94- 

Lord Oiford*! Hkiu had fax atg. on Ita revcrv. Ur. Mnad^> oainya ato. vrltb 
4 ^gnxv pFTtoaJfying the vm. One in the bin Mnrmaduke Trallle'a m\e had a A^re 
oFMan ciTruin»GTib«d iifttta avo. ^ and in the eiergnc ifl»J.. II wta purchnved at 
tbv pfwo df jtT4 fur the Due de Ulacu. 

Tltrro ara Ffro gnld nolna cf AIleeEiiH In Ibo Caliln*!]! of Iha ftrilikh MuBAnm. f)n« 
tal Ibal vhieb L'amc vnih tbe Rofol Libmry In \fi5 ; rcvo'M, i<alvb ato.: Hjgcit 
bearing a «trpcnt iu (i«r right liDad. frrdinff frtrni i patern hdJ in bor Itft, EtergU* 
Ml* Wfitcbt iiil]'-:<ii icntuji- The oLbrr, tn the lErnrnJ l-ibtiirt. i ^pinndid coin, wai 
found ia (ho I^e *ft Do^i ia La3t! ^ rtvcrvc tAX avo> M'clghC «CYfiktj p«(u». It wh 
pwebaMd for jC£. 

HiftUiry Acquaints ua with Uttlc more cancemtng A11c<:tu«f than 
thftt he WW tti« cliirf ufficer under CorauAius, whcun Dioclctinn 
llic Kmpcmr hnA nppointctl g<ivcrnoiir of the noilli-vvcst parts of 
Qaxjlr but ftftcnvarda aui^pcctin^ Kim, d&!»t^<;d to hare takcrn him 
off- Cu^ueiiBB, bcin^ apprised or tbiis rcvoltc<l, find secured to 
biniMrlf not onljr theac coutitricH^ but likewise ihe Inland of Bn* 
tiiin, which, upon a peace ibat followed, were girvn up to him. 
ThcHo Iw held »evcn yenro, mid was then barbarcrualy murdered 

* BanlwlNiOBlflnaulKivnMCiHaanQrvni, Lot. Par. IT IB. p. 191 



by Allectus, hisi Lieutenant in Untain ; who, after he had t<q)t 
possc?(Mun of tlic Island three ycar»> v&» himself defeated and 
lulled by Asclepeodotua, an officer of Uic Emperor Con«tftnUu& 

Upon the best inquifj I hitre been able to make, I can meet 
with no account of more than one gold coin of Allectus, Iwside 
those three in the CabineU of the late Earl of Oxford, Dr. Mcad^ 
and your own. Tliiif fourth, as described by Banduriu^ ditfen 
from all the rest, as they do from each other, having in the front 
the hejkd of AllectiuH. with tlie letters imp. c, allkct^'s p* r. 
Avo. and on the reverse » female figure in n Ktanding posture, 
holding a serpent in her right hand, and & patera in her left, with 
the legend nAi^ys avo. and ml in the exergue. It in remarkable 
in l)r. Mead'H, that the lettent imp. c. are wanting before the 
name ALLECTVM ; and the female hgure on the reverse holds a 
Victory in her right hand, with the legend spes avq." Whether 
the c after imp in the others was designed for druar or a prieno- 
mcn, 1 cannot venture to assert^ since Bandurius seems at on 
uncertainty by putting the points after that letter; though Mr. 
Hchlcn iiiOeed vrites him expressly Caius Aikcfmy but by what 
authority 1 know not. See his More Cfausunif lib. ii. c. *6. 

Deaides this gold coin of Allectua, we have in Bandurius three 
silver ones, and upwards of twenty in brass, most of them different 
in some respects; and some of the brass ones have the name 
ALBcTva with one l only. But none of them agree either with 
t>]e %ure or legend upon the reverat of j'ours. And though 1 

■ Tlitre [■ & niiiAke in ttit. Dr. Meid's tola hjid not the nvette of mka; «h«o 
•oLd it wa> Ihufl ilvtcrJbvil in hiii CiUloifur, |». 13, Lot MO. 

" ucr. c. ALLiCTVB f, t, Avo^ C»jnit AllccU kUTCAtUin/' KtTimc, " OAtSM 
A^O- {infr« wii.) Ho] csplfc rBcl^fltovE «il JeiiHoi iikclinBlo; Htimarru ptUlo Ul^ [wn- 
rlulo tmjctui atiiDB* dritrA eUti tL «ip&[]ii4 ; liniiiri glabunn cum AagTo i Uac loda 
CiLp(i«i ituo acdcQici Kvcni miinibiu p*iit t<n;« rvviaotif . gr> 6d-'' 

Ur. Mf«d, la t LctUr to Profeuor Wifd, ihtod Umioiid Strevt, Myfl^MM^ mjt, 
" Dear Sir, 

" Sir AndrEtt FaualJiiac it quite mpfttuot to mv mj Alleetui, vkleb fou hare got. 
Ai jciu have no viurc (H^«Hbii for it illi ^du codjc to towa afala, tf romvOl bcpleucid 
10 vend It memlcd up, bj tbc Dearer, you ibiU hriTC it [i(*ui] u Jotif w joopWflie." 



ftnfl the reverse coues .v\o. 011 those of several atlier Kmpcrors, 
yet Hit figures; to which they rofcr^ corrcnpord in none of them 
wttii thfit on your Ailectu«, except one of IVobus, which \% thus 
dencribedhj-Bkntluriusi 'comk« avcs, Minervu ffaieata ac sttihta, 
rtiiiu d4fje-trerfntm ecw^erto ttttnSf otf^ romum tmen* dertrat rfyp- 
nnn vtro humi pontttm cum hatfa sinUir^ : a dertri* in irrea a/ 
ThtB deMrtption mar stem to agre« with youra, exc«pt the a on 
the right ^Ute of the firoa, wliich \n not tbcrc, and thut the letterjs 
Mt. arc not meaticiied^ which yours hma iii the exergue For that 
which appeam like nn oncKor in your* under the left arm, may 
poastbly he only the foldin^n of the ^rment ruddy cxpreived, as 
kmging oror the shield- This coin in given ud by Dandufiufi in 
)iia ^ Numismata Impcrntorum KomanoruTii a Trajano Declo Ad 
Paleologos Au^-u(ito«/ toni. i. p- 460, foh And those of Alkctua 
may b« found iti torn. ii. pag. 121. 

thin ia all the account I am at present uhlc to flcnd you rcUtin^ 
to tbis matter, which you had received sooner, hut that 1 am guiJig 
out of town for some dayii, which has very muuh straightened mc 
for time, who bhtdJ esteem myself^ 


Your, etc- 

Groflham Collc^, J. Wabc. 

Thursday, IS August, I7't5. 


Dr. L^rdner to Pro/tnt^jr IVttrd^ on iht pfAc*r$ f»f Life and De^tk 
jfTcnttd to liiimoH Matttfw otwr thtir Si^ivei, 

[Addit MS. DKt. Uu«- Gf 10, fot, 1114. Orii,] 

Dear Sir, 
In one of the Notes which you fiivored mo with> you uy that 
RofDan masttrs had the powers qf t^fe and death over /A^ siavtt 
tUt the lime ^f Atdomnm Pius, who^ bf/ Am Comfitntion, in More.., 



mtature restraift^H it. But Spftrtmrt »ny», thnt Adrian tooJc nvs^ 
that power over SemuiU. "Sorvtwi » duminU occidi vctuit, et 
JQuit dauQtiAri per judicos, %t dignt G>tcnL" Spart. AtlruiQ. Cm- 
cap, xviiu p. 1G9, And in the mArj|;in is A Nolo of Cnjaubon, 
Caiuft InKtitation. tU. iiL *^Si BervuH digiiuni tnoTte erimon admi- 
nmt, lis judivibus. quihtui puldici ol^cii potc»taa commiao QStr 
t/adenduM c»t, ut pro suo crimine puniatur.'' 

But whnt affects me motii is what Spartian snys of Adrian, be- 
muEo he wa>i before Antoninus l^Hfi: and tlierefow* A«eiii» to con- 
tradict wbat you say of that power mibaiating till Antoninun. 

I mu»t therefore entrcnt t^c favour of tiomc cluadatioji from 
you, relating lo tbiti ciiiHculty. A line or two by penny peat will 

Your humble eerrant, 
Apr. 2*1750. N. Lardnhr. 

ForMf-J. Waid, 

at GresHam Collcgc- 


Pro/ess^ Ward's Repiy to iV. Lardner^ on the power qf 

liimat Masters. 

ilWAoL \1i, Orig-i 

Reverend Sir, 

I eaniiot at prexetit exaetly remember in what manner I cx- 

pref(«ecl the Note you had from mo relating to the power which 

by the Itomnn I^ws were graiited tt> Masters over tiieir Sla^evt 

an thofie Notf>« were UTtttec lu some haste lo oouply n-ith your 

timr. Rut so far u 1 can rectOJect, I aacfibcd the time, when the 

power of life and death wok intirely taken oat of tbcir huidii, to 

the reign of Antonlntn Plot. For the proof of which 1 cited Juat, 

L. i, t. *1. J 2. ttr AU ^tti 9ui vtt a/it-ui Juris strnty where you liaro 

the constitution of that l^mperor relating to tliat affair, taken from 

ITIpiaii and inserted FP. L L tk, 6, L ^- cod. Sercrol tawa ind««d 

l^Wtmns W KMINCNT MTr-nARY 3iBM- 


had been ma<lc by lome prccrciliiit: Emperors^ for restraining tlic 
cruelty of mR^ters towards their servant* ; but I find none niore 
early in the Corpus, which entirely deprives them of tlic power of 
bfe and de^th iti M rnse^. Indeed Ulpian aids in the pUofi abore 
referred to^ Divt^s ctiam liadnanuxVmbrictam t/uandam mainnuan 
in quinqueniiiurji releffovit^ quQd ex ievUsrmi^ causta anciUaa airocis- 
timc tracta$st:U But ihiit paflAuge seems to respect that part of the 
constitution of Aiktoitinus which immedittely precedes, where it in 
ntd, Sed domhorttm intertJttt ne auJ^iHwii contra steriiiam vet Ja- 
meiiu vei ininterahitem tnjuruxm denettetur it» gm Jwttr df-precantur, 
At^ainst each of which tliere hnd hccn particular Ia?s made by otlicr 

Aji to the words you produce from ('asaubon'si notes upon Spsr* 
tau in rit. Adrian, c. \S* iLumelj, St jtcrrim diijntmi mortc crittien 
adtmeritt m judicibus^ quibus pubiici officii poit^las eommissa ^st, 
iradendti^ est, ui pro crimiite phniatur; tJiey prove nothing of 
thcmsclvcflt as they give no intimation of the lime to which tlit^y 
refer. HestitleH they are not C'aiux'it nwn words, hut i}iitst^. of Ida 
cpitomtKcr. His ovn words arc in I i. § i:£e Ms grti imif iit\ Hted 
above; from whence they are tmnscrihed into the Iiisiiti]tf% and 
nuklte part of the section hcforc referred to, whieh expressly bs* 
cribes that Lawto Antoninus, under whote reign Caius lived. What 
is here said will appear plniner hy e»nxu1tiug Caii Institut. 1. i. tit. 
3. § l.iLs puhlkhrd tn Srhidtingii Jnhjcprudcntia vctufi Anlejnutin. 

It is trae^, indeed, that Spartian in his lif« of Adrian, speaking of 
him, lays, Sen'os a domintA occuU vetuit, eowquff Jiujni deivnnari per 
Judif^j Mi diffni m^imL rap. IH, But if Adrian had really made 
such ft law, it fieemK very utrange, lliat neitlicrCiuus, who lived so 
near the time, nor LTlpian, who l^ntirixhrd under Scverus, should 
mention it, when they were professedly treating upon this sub- 
ject ; nnd tliat we ithiiidfl hear nothing of it, hut fmni an historian 
who lived as late as the rfiiij;n of Diocletian, almovt an hundred 
years after IJlpi-in : nay furthi^r^ that Justinian should aftenrarda 
take no notice of it in hia lustitutea, and mention oidy tb&t of An- 



I cannot therefore btrt «»pccl,th*t Spartwn was mistaken, ind 
iiMTribed Uutto Adrian whidi Ijelonged to hia 8ucce»*i>r. Thoi^h 
to ftToid any objccdon, you may, if you pl«afle, add somctJiing to 
this purpose i '* HowCT'er, if wc may credit S|>Jirtiaii, the sama 
thinj^ bad been before cnjtiined by bi» immodiatA predecessor 
Adrian, His words are tJiese: Servo$ a dominis occidi retttitj H 
jut^'t dmmari prr Judicnt, ni diyni es§ent. In vit, Adrian, c- IS." 
it may be worth while to consult Vinnins upon the section of the 
InsUmte citedabore : which I had done aiyMlf, but that my copy 
Has be«n for some time in the hands of a friend who is out of 
town. 1 am. 

Dear Sir, 
Qrcsliara Calle^, Saturday, Your mo«t obedient scfv', 

April 7, l/SU. JoUN Waud, 


Dr. 'l%otntu Sharp to J>r, BircK «rifA raritmt particular$ (tfAreh- 
Inshop TiiiottOH^a t-iff axd Faotify. 

CBlnb M>. llfit, Miu. -Uia^ftrt ir2. Onf.} 

R€T'» Sir, Durham, Nov. 7'S 1751- 

Last post brought tne the favour of yours of the 2' inst^., and I 
do with great readine*a impart what my Pa|wr,s will aifurd con* 
ccmirjg Uwt great und good man wh^c life you have undcruken. 
He was my Godfather^ and in consideration of my relation to 
him in that respect, as well as for ot)ier and more weighty reaaonS} 
I am bound 1o |>uy all reK|>ect to his memory. And 1 vnAi I liad 
more msteriab Utr your assistance than 1 have; but what I liave 
1 freely send you a;* follo?rs. 

Mr. JoKrph llUotson, the Doctor's brother, was a wet and dry 
Salter, or oil-drawer in London, My gnuidfather Sharp was of 
tike same trade in Brndford^ Yorkshire. My father, returning 
out of Yorkshire into Sir Heneuge Fincli's family (then Solicitor 



GcnenI), wilh n bill dmnn on Mr, Joseph Tillolson, tinppcnM to 
meet with Dr. Tillotson at Mr Joseph's house; who, finding Mr, 
Slurp to be hi* countrfman and « young clcrg>*tDan setting out 
into the vorI<I, did out of his uaual ^^odness and courtesy t*^e 
particular notice of him ; and after some conversation ^ve him 
(Mr. SO IcftTc to cocnc freely to his bouse vrlicncver he woukU 
and to have recourse to hitn as often as he thought it might l)c 
servire^ble to hi[n. My fatlier (when Mr. S,] judged this a most 
hicky interriewr and thought hinuelf blessed in 90 valuable an 
acqumntance ; and ever after spoke with pleasure of this incident. 
And here 1>egan a firm and lasting friendship between tbemi 
unproved by an mtimate eonver^alion for many yetint, and 
eeinented hy repeated returmt of good offices to Cftcli other. 

(>f these effects of their friendship, I presume none can be 
worthy my commimicating but such lu may not seem anwortby 
to be inaeited in bis life. 

In the same year that ray Father succeeded Dr. Tillotson in the 
Deanrry of Caiiterhurj', viz. tfifi&, when the Prolocutor of the 
Canrocation was to be chosen, and at a very critical time, vis. 
for the rxerntion of tln^ KoHeitiaKtical CiimniinMon, ^c, my fatJier 
moved for Dr, Tillotsioii to be the man : but it was carried for Dr. 
Jane; whieh was thought one reason why that important Com- 
rouKinn faird of *urpe*». This wna Nor- -il, lfifl9- 

But I should firfit bare menlionM that it waa thm* my Fatlier'st 
interest with and application to the Lord Chaneellor Nottingham, 
that Dr. Ti]lot«orx obtsinM his residentiary ship of St. Pauls. 

On the otlier hand. Dr. Tillotnon wan the man irho form'd and 
contrived the expedient for removing K. William's displeasure 
coiieieived against my Father, and who seecms also to have had a 
prineii>nl hand in promnttng my father to tlie see of York. 

The ease stood thus. The King had been pleased to mention 
my fatlier as a proper person to succeed in «ome of the Bishop- 
ricks varated by the deprivation of the Nonjur. Bishops. Two or 
three were proposed to him. Xorwicit in particular was preaied 



by Dr. HQoUon^ as tbe place which be thought would be most 
BcccpUblc. But my fotli^r Absolutely dedin'd to accept any of 
tiiem, Not out of any scruple of ConicieDce (for he coulcl not 
under such a scruple have cither made a return of the Cong^ 
dVlire for the election of Dr* IMlotson to Canterbury, wliich h« 
did as Dean thereof, nor could he have suifer'd lum»eLf to liave 
been conaccrated by Dr. Tjilotson, as he witi soon after), but out 
of a particular friendship and esteem he had far the persons 
deprived. This, however^ greatly displea^d the King, and he 
iieeniM U> be no longer thought of- 

Whilc he was in this situation, DnTillotson came to his house, 
and toM htm that ftiiice he had so obstinately refused taking any 
of Uie vacant Bishoprick*, he hnd thought of an expedient to 
bring him uifwilh the King; which wns that he ihould prormse 
to accept the Arelibishoprick of York when it fell, a» Dr. Tcnni- 
son should take Lincoln. He told him at the Hnme time how all 
the TRcont Bishopriclu were designed to Iw disposed of: tliat l»e 
had thought of tins thing as he came from Whitehall to hi* houses 
directed him to go and acquaint my Lord Nottingham wilh tliis 
scheme, and if his Lordship approved of it, he (Dr. T<) would go 
himself and {iropose it to the King on the Monday following. 
This was on Friday April 34tb, 1C91» Ontlic Monday, according 
to his engage men tf he &c<)uaiQted Hi% Majesty trith what had 
passed between Dr. Sharp &iid himself, and fixed the thing. And 
on the next Council day, in tlie middle of the xame week, ilie 
Kin^ declared in Council who should fill the vacant Sees, and 
who should succi-ed into York and Lincoln when they fclh 

I have no family Anecdotes of AbP TiUotson, tho' his name 
frequently orcurn in tJie Diary as a risitant : in exchange of putpils, 
and offices of privalc friendship; as my fathers marriogt! by him, 
and his being sponsor for me, ^. But there is oite particular 
which I thought projwr to insert in my MS. Life of my Kat)»er,J 
which 1 will transcribe for your use if you judge it any way«i 
materia!. ^ 



'* In the fnrmer part of tljis year Ififlff Dr, Sliurp ard htn friend 

Ur. TUIot$c»Tt hatl a gtxid tieiil of trouble uii their hands, &nd no 

small shftTC of their time taken up with a tnut they were enga^d 

nSn by Alderman A^ik. who, dyinf? and leaving conaiderahlt* irlTt^ctR, 

'Jiad Biftde them joirt Executors of his Will, and made the Habcr- 

daahera' Company his heirs. And among several other Legades 

^iwd kft caeh of the Executors £200, and £-100 to 20 such poor 

'Clergymen as thejr shouhl nominate. The Executorit wen<. no 

prudent as to let the Agents of the Company (whose concern iu 

tliia matter ^ras the greatest) have the custody of all the ready 

money and bonds that were found belonging to tlie declined. Or 

itlCftst tliey were put int« some common hand, trunte^l by both 

LparticSj till the Will was completely executed. Nor was there 

' any thing transacted relating to this Tnist from the time that the 

WiUwmiopen'd to the tirac of their surrendering all their conocnia 

into the hands of tiie Company, hut in the presence and witli the 

advice and consent of the Deputies of the Company, particularly 

Sir Thomaa Vernon and Mr Mould; which latter kept the 

Accounts of all things done in this affair* 

** This caution of theirs proved afterwards of t^cjit use, by ena- 
bling them In giv« full sritJKfaction to iu)me,^vhii hud suspected, upon 
hho auggcttions made to tJiem, that the. Executors hii<l dinposed 
^oftome of the Alderman's effects before ihey delivered in the sehc- 
I to the Company. And tliia heinif suggested &t a time when 
' were both Metropolitana^ would have been aomcthing more 
'than a hint upon their private charartcrs. had they nnt had sufficient 
evtdencca to recur to of their great care and ho«ic*ty in the ma- 
nagement of the aforesaid TnisL" 

TlkC following: story was told me by Dr, Green, A^icar of St. 
Majtin's many yean u^. 

A Gentleman whose name I have forgot, was ptj'ing his com- 

tliments to AbP 'nilotson soon aft«r his promotion to Cant* White 

^they were togetlier alone, a parcel was bnjught, seaU*<I and directed 

to Uia Grace. Upon opening of which there was n Mask en- 

0AM D. 80C. 3 C 



olotteJ, but II otliiiig wrote. Tfie Atvlibishop, without ^ny signu of 
emotion, tliruw it corelcasly Among hist paper* on tlic Table, and 
on the Gertlemfln ^xpre^^ing ^enZ surprise and indignation at the 
afiront, Hia Grace smileil and said^ thut waa a K«nt1e rebtik^ if 
compared witU some utlierM t}iat lay there m bUcIc and wliite^ 
pointing to the papcra on the Tabic- 

Tills waa told m« aa an iiistunc^r and lATna n afreat on&, of hit 
Hirectand mild tump«r. 

I have but one Letter of Arehbinhop TillotMna^ which I enclose 
herewith. It ia in ana^vcr to an appUcation of my Fathers to liim^ 
for advice how to proceed with u Diitaenter in Ma Dioc^ae, who^J 
under pretence of sheltering himself under the Act of Toleration^ 
had aet up an Academy} and viw compUined of to him by tho 
Clergy of Craven, in a fonual Petition, to have his Aoademr sap- 
pressed. As it is the oti]y Letter 1 have of his Urneo of Cant, 1 
shall beg you will be so good a> to return it to me ttt your leitfond. 

You hftv^ now all thd httle pnrticular^ retatitij- to Dr. 'HUotson, 
which my Lord ot Oxford took notice cf in u^ading my MS, Life 
of my yather: and to uhich he rvfer'd in speaking to you of 
that work, I feur they will be of little ub« to you ; and I wiah it 
were in my power to serve you further; remcmbrinji* the obl^n* 
ttonn you laid roe nndor this time twelvemonth in taking care of 
my papers on Elohim, ^c. 

1 wish you good succesA in all yoor Unilcrtakinga, and rvmainr 

Your ofiect, Bro. 

Tuo. SiiAitF, 



77krj»av HolliXy E^j. to Prvfivsor If'ard. Communicates the first 
Progp€ctu$^ in majtuicriptyfoT the jmbticatimi of Stuart'* -'tthens, 

CAiHiC. MS. Brit. Mi». BSIO, f«\. Wi. Onp.] 
*a* ThodiAi UolhA, nf Concombo. in ihci roitniy of Dnrvt. Hki], w»t bom In L<n)- 
doQ, April M, 17^0. He itii btrd ■ Diucatc-f ; but received bi* cluiiul pducAlion 
, BnJcr Profciflor VTnnl, of OPMhsm CoUf|:r- la hit evHcr yonra h^ InivtlJrd oii tlic 
Ccmitncai: Ih; flfit ClmolQ 1748. ItlKiccODd lour coiii(»cnce<l in I'l^U, And coded ta 
ITM* ]t vH dufiuE (hif •cci>nd louht Ibtl tho tird 1jiUr>liDrGprctDTitediD tbo md«ir 
VvK imlt«D U bii r^rniirr lulor : odc rnlattiie chidlr ta Sluurt anit Ktvet*i tntention* 
of pLiiliHbing 1h« Aat^iiilL»af AUirm tad iU DDl^bbouTbood , tbc othrr lo Ilir eon- 
lannfthJiD of ducotchfi nl lIcrculaD«am- iJurlug lit« lnict>» Mr. HuUk vide a eofiii- 
(Armbk CcUctfivu uf AiiliiiuiEJrJi ^ tuiiar rif nLlt^S lir ;^i« tv the UtIIUIl Muirr^uiii. Ilii 
chararffr mi markfil by no urdcnf levi- of lUu-rly, in ihw uitboldinj of whifb, And In 

doing bonor to lU chauiiiU>ns, be spcaC n l«rgc purtua of hii fufluac. Uc di«d Jm. 1» 

Dear Sir, 
According lo llic promise which I nuide when "m England, of 
acquJiinting you with an]r thing that fell iti my way abroad that 1 
should think worthy of your notice, 1 takt the liberty of neudinj^ 
yell tliG present Letter, with the enclosed IVopOHaK and iiccount 
of a Sch^roc for taking and puhlishing the Antiquities exisliog at 
Athcnsanditsnn^hourhood.^.^c-hyMr, Stuart and Mr.Rivet, 
Enj{lUhmcn, and painters and anrhilects, Mr, Stunrt und Mr. 
Rivet arc both of them young men of about thirty years of age, 
who have been, as I am informed, in Italy, and cliivfly at Rome^ 
upwards of ten yeira, where Ihey applied themselves closely to 
their studies, »nd where Mr. Stuart in particular (iisdnguiahed 
hiiiuelf in divers respects, among others hy aTrcatisc which he 
wrote upon Obelisques, (dedicated to the now Marquis of Rodc- 
tDEham, his great patron,) whidi was thought a rery in^doaa per- 
fonnuace. Near a year since they came to Venice, intcmitnK to 
have gene from thence at that lime into Greece, but could not 
meet with a 6t opportunity tall about a month a^, when [t^ge^w 



with an undcr-assi^nt) they cmbarqucd ahosrd an English vessel 
for Zanl, in tlie way to Athena. When tJicy went &way, they imo- 
guied it would Uke them up about eight months tc execute whitj 
la to be done in Attica; hut lis they are mfn of the greatest accu- 
racy and exaetncss, and that they may find out more m&tt<?r thani 
tw yet they cjin be informed of, it ia prohahle it will tjike tip a 
lon^T lime. If they can enjoy their heidtlin ihere, and they 6\e~ 
cute this first scheme without interruption frooi the Turks [of 
wliich there is some danger, notwithatandinR that they hare re* 
coiiimendatory letters to all the pmcipal persons of the plaoeti 
where they are to go to, and that they arc furnished witli the Grand 
Signor's firman, M*htch Mr. Porter our ambassador obtained for 
tlicm,) it \6 not impossible that they may be tempted afterA'arda 
to iJike Plans of some other considerable Antiquities that are in 
otlier pftrti* of Greece. It is very desirable that Mr. Stuart and 
Mr- Rivet should go through u-ith their Design in its most exten- 
sive manner, because thry arc iKlieved in all respects equal to 
the work, especially since what tlicy hare done at Pola* mid 
because however heautiful and considerable these Antiquitieji 
are, yet the Designs that have been taken of them hitherto, have 
been rather Sketches, tliey say, thau accurate and exact Pinna 
auch as theirs will be« Here at Venice they m-ere much taken no- 
tice of, and cncouraijtd in their undertakifjg hythe Resident^ Sir 
James Gray, and the Consul, Mr. Smith, who are botli of tlieni 
ingenioua and le^imed Ucntlenicn, and by the English gentlemen 
in general that passed this wny.who have given their names To the 
Work ; and tliey have likewise had promises of (tuh^criptjons, 
when tliey take them in in form, from several people of the first 
distinction in Italy, As it is possible you may not yet hs%u beard 
of this undertaking even generally, und as it is probable Utut you 
have not seen the paitictdars of it, I could not forbear writing to 
you conreminji it, and desirini^ for you, of M' Stuart, lh© inclosed 
Rcheme of it, imagining it would not be unacceptable to you, and 
I am certain if> upon knowing of it^ you should l>c vilUng to enter 



intn a fim#^poncIcncc n"ith Mr, Stnnrt in respect to it, he would 
think it ftti honor, and much to his advantage. In rase tJiat will 
be aifTceable to you, yc^u vrill please to direct to him At Jo5<!ph 
Smith, Kstj. Hia Britannic Majejity'* Connul at Vcnicis who will 
forward the Letter, there being oontinuaU^ Ycasela going from 
thence into Greece 

Tluuik God ! I made tlif^ T<»ur of (lermnny in perfect health, 
but wa« somewhat harried through it on account of the winter, 
which made me auSeT some hardfthiiM. I came to this City about 
ten weeks agu, M'hl^^e 1 inhoidd not havi^ nfjtid no long a time, had 
I not been iinwilling to set out ngmin in the midnt of the winter 
season. Tomorrow I leave this pl&ec and set out for Naples, bf 
the way of Ferrara, Bologna^ Ancona, Lorctto, Uorne^ for about six 
weeks ; then I propose to return in Rome, and am as yet uncertain 
whether I uHaW paiN the next winter in Italy, or he upon the relarn 
home by Spain and Portu^ ; bnt I rather incline to bebcvc I 
shall stay it in Italy. If I should meet witli any other thing in 
my Traveb that 1 should think would W agrt^ to you to be 
Bicquaintcd with^ I will be sure U^ let you know it ; or if ynii will 
please to inform me how I may be useful to you in any shape, I 
diaD do it with a very great plea>ure. My nddref>^ i-i at Kclvard 
Alien, Esq*", b'4 Britannic Majesty's Consul at Naples, and at 
Mr. Girolamo BeMoni's^ at Komt*. I am with great respect and 
eateam, l>ear Sir, 

Your moat obedient and moBt 
Tcnk«,24!thpt.|,, 1751. humble Servant, 

To Mr. Ward, T». Mollia* 

I'rofessor at Grcsham College. 

** Proposals for publishing a new and accurate Description of the 
Antiquities, &c- in the I'rovince of Attica by James Stuart and 
Nicholiks Rcvett. 

"Thrrc 1:4 pcHiaps no part of Europe more de»eT%Wly exritcs 
tlkC CimOBity and Attention of tikc kivora of Fulitc Literature 



than the ProTinc* of Attica, and in particular Athens its capital 
Cily; whether vrc reflect on the figure it mukes in Historj', on 
ftccount of the osccelleiit Men it has produced, or wliclhcr wc oon* 
sider the number of Antiquitie^t still remaining tliere, monumeuts 
of the goofi Hense and elevated genius of the Athenisn9> atid the 
most perfect Models of vhat is e^Ecetlent in Sculpture and Archi- 

" Many Authors Iinve mentioned these remains of Antiquity, as 
Wijrl<.<t of ^cst magniliccjiGe, and most exquisite tashr ; but their 
Descriptions Drc so confused, and their Measures so inaccurato, 
that the most expert Arrliitect could not from thexe BooIcm form 
an idea dintiuct enough to make exact Drau'inga of any one build* 
ing they describe. Their works seem rather calculated to raise 
our admiration Uian to satisfy our curiosity, or improve our 

" Rome, who borrowed her Arts and frequently her Artificers 
from Cireece, has by means of Sertio> Palladio^ Santo Bartoli^ and 
other ingenious men, preserved tlie memoiy of the most exeellentJ 
SnilptunA>andmagni6ceiit Edifices which once jutorned her; aitd 
though some of the ori^nals are since destroyed, yet the memory, 
the exact form of these things, nay the Arts themselves seem 
secured from perishing, since the ijidustry of these men have 
dispersed examples of them through all the Polite Xataons of 

*' Hut Athens, tlie mother of Elc^icc and Politeness, whose 
mn^nificencc scarce yielded to that of Rome, and who for the 
beauties of a correct stylo must be allowed to surpass hcr^ as 
much as an origioiLl excels a copy, has been ahikost entirely 
nc^lected^ and unle^v exiiet dra^rini^H from them he Apeedily madCy 
all her heault^ius Fabrirks, her Temples, her Theatres, her {^bcc« 
will drop iDto oblivion, and Posterity will hare to reproach us, 
tliat we have not left them a tolerable idea of what is so eseellent, 
and so mucli descr^'cs our attention. Tlic reason indeed of this 
neglect is obvious. 





" Oftece, since the Revival of the Arts, has been in tl»c posses- 
sion of Barbarians. And Artiticcrs capable of such a Work ha\-c 
been able to gratify their passion for fame or protit, without risk- 
ing them.<ielveft among such jirofeHseil erieniie,^ to tlie Arts, 0% the 
Turk» »tiii are* and who»e ignorance and jcalou8]r make an Under- 
taking of this sort still somewhat dangerous. 

" While tliosie Oeiitlemcn who hnvc tntvellcd there, diough some 
of tlieni have lM?cn abundantly furnished with Literature, yet have 
not any of them been sufficiently conversant vith Painting, Sculp- 
ture, and Architecture, to make their Books of such gcaera) use, 
or even entertainment to the fublic, as a man more aequainted 
with those Arts mi^ht do ; for the best verbal J^escriptiorit c^in- 
n(^ be supposed to convey so adequate an idea of the magniticcnce 
and elegaTicc of Buildings, the fine form, expression or proportion 
of Sculptures, Hie beauty or variety of a country, fir Uie exact 
scene of any celebrated Action, as may Ije formed from Drawings 
made on tlic spot, measured with the greatest occuracy> and deU* 
iieatcd with the utnioal attention. 

" We doubt not but a Work »o muclj wanted will meet witli the 
ApprolmtioiL of all thote Gci»tlemen who arc lovers of Antiquity', 
or have a taste for what is excellent in these Arts, as we are as- 
sured that those Artiste who aim nt perfection must be inrmit<rly 
more pLeaseil, ami better instructed, the nearer they can draw their 
examples from the foantain-liea<l. 

"Itu pTDfMiEsed to tlivi<ie this book into three Volumea, tlie first 
of which will consist of Views of Uic principnt Antiqiiitien m their 
present state, and Prospects vf those places mentioned by the 
Poet El an tl Ilistonaiis, either on account of beautiful situation, or 
ss the Scenes of any celebrated Action, together with an exact Map 
of all the Province of Attica trigono metrically surveyed. 

*'Tlic second Volume will contain the Geometrical Plann and Ele- 
vations of the Temples, Theatres, Ac. >lill remaining there, nftcr 
tlic manner of Desi&;o<lcU&, in wliich will be ^ivcn, wiUi the greatest 



ucurecjf tbe measure and proportion of each particular memliert 
BB well as the genvriil diHpoHition and ordonance of the whole 
Buildingt restored to its original fornn, whenever materials can be 
found for such restoration, for the justness and probability of which 
(it is to be observed) t)ie first Volume will be a sufiicient voucher. 
And to this Volume will be prefixed a n*n of Modern Athens^ 
with so much uf the adjacent Couittr)* &5 m&y be supposed to 
hftvc been cont4uned within tlie ancient Walls, 

^ The third Volume will consist of Statues and Basso KelicvoA 
still remaining there, many of whioh rtrc supposed to be the work 
of riiidias, l^raxitelea^ ami ether most excellent Seulpiors; of all'^ 
whicli the following Catrdogue will give a more pnrtictilar Idea. 

Tom. I-'. Tom- *"• Tom, J*. 

*'Tbc Temple of Minerva Parthenicn, Do- 
ric order enriched with Sculpturt^s 

Temple of Victory without Wings, Doric 

Arsenal of Lycurgus, Ionic Order , 

Temple of Ercctlieus, lonie Ordei* 

of Minerva and the Nymph Pan 

drosa with Caryatides , 
of Pan and ApoUo, Corinthian 
Order - * . . 

Theatre of Baeclius, three Orders . 

I'ortico of Euracnci* 

Palace of IIadrian> Corinthian Order 

Aqueduct of Hadrian, Ionic Order 

Gate of [ladriin ... * 

Temple of Diana A^^rolera 

SUtdium Panatbenaicuin , 

Antique Bridge on lUisus 

Temple of Ceres .... 

Temple of the Muses Illisiades 


































LErTBaa or buinbnt litebabt hen. 


Tom. 1«. 

Tom. 5t*, 

Tom. 3*. 





" An Antique Temple, now a Church, caJled 







The Fountain HeBneacrene . . 


The Church of St. Dennis the Areopagite 


Temple of Theaeua, Doric Order, en- 

riched with Sculptnres 




Qymn&sium of Ptolemy 



Temple of Castor and Pollux 





Temple of Auguatua, Corinthian Order . 



of Jupiter Olympua, Corinthian 



Tower of the Eight Winds, built by An- 

dronicuB Cyrrestea .... 




Lanthom of Demosthenea, Corinthian 

Order, enriched with Sculptures 



The Pyrenm, or Ancient Port of Athena 

Temple of Diana Munychia . 


of Jupiter at Salamia 


of Jupiter at Egtna . 


of Venus at Bgina 


of CercB at Eleuaia . 



An ancient Temple at Eleusia, now the 

Church of St. George 


An octagon Temple near Corinth, adorned 

with Sculptarea .... 



Temple of Minerva at Sunium 


Rupea Scironidea .... 


3 D 


Tom. 1-'. Tom. 9^. 

View*, JLrobii 

*• View* of Athens, Meg«m, Eleusift, 

M' Cytheron, Helicon, M^ Pammaa^ 

M» Hyinettm, Pentelicus, Leactra, 

Manitl;onf Platca, und SaUmia . 

A Map of the Province of AlticA - 

A PIah of Athena 


Tom. P. 






**The%c are the Subje^« which wc propo»c to oara«lveft, after 
consulting the Writings of the moat creditable Authon*, and con* 
vernini; with iteverul (lentienien who have vliittcd IhU Country. 
It ii possible nevertheless that, on uur arrival tliurc, wg thtkW be 
obliged lo omitt flome, that by the injuries of Time will be entirely 
ruin'd, and u-e may add clhura of which ^I'e cannot yet be mp- 
pu»cd to have fttiy Notice. Wc Khali likcwiw endeavour, thoxigh 
in the conciseBt majiner povnible, to iUustiate eaeh Prijit with 
euch I'xpIanationA and dcflenptlonB a» mil be nececsaat)' to malco 
them aBefuh ■in<I intelligible, which will be chicAy done bv p»in^ 
ing out tKo relntion tlicy may have to the Doctrine of Vitruvioa^ 
or the Descriptioi] of Pausunia^, Strabo, &o. 

** During the time wo waited at VcittCD for nn embarkation to 
Zaut, least no niuch tinje nhould bo unemployed, we rcaolvi^d to 
make a littlo voyage to Pota in latria; attauring ourMlvea, on the 
jodgomcnt of Pnlladio, that wc athould find in rhat place fiome 
Antiqiiitaes doAervin^ our notice. *At Pcla (says he) in latria, 
bcaadca the ThcELtre and Am pit i theatre, and an Anh, which are 
moftt beautiful Ruildinga, ^c. there arc on one aide of the Plaava 
twoTctnplca/ &c. IWl. Archit- lib. A. Kor were we deceired in 
our expectation; for, thot^h the Theatre bo entir«ly destroyed, 
yet the .\rch of the Srrgii, the outward prceinet of an Amphi- 
theatre iu excellent prcaCT7ation> and a Temple built in the moat 

to ^mrm 

hJ th« too 

unties of Pol^ tiat Acyl 
tMiow of them, 

" It m^ iflt W >■■■ hdiR «e tmoAA^ to cttnerre th^ a 
giealer QonbAr af Kiampif Una Otam we tthendy hare, are n^ 
eg aaar y to order lo farm a Irae j«4ii^B^U of tba aacietit Ardiitcc- 
tmw i for lliiia|.h naoj Ttra^aem tm tim itt h j cct hme heen pob- 
lubed> it GuuKA be tralf aaid «e liave aay Aatbor except Dea- 

f'lua Booh c milai a a naaf aurifatt g«*»pl— «r tbe Coriatbiati 

Ontfr, tH ncJna tlie Coliaeo aod tiM Tbe^r« of MmtcIIo* can be 

ippoMd Hodeb fit far oari«ttioa ia BttthKngi of a teas ftgvi- 

Flie Ktnictsre, be mut be dlawtd rerj defirient in what rfgaida 

tbe Doric and loaie Orders, as he gives a* no Terof>1e of tbe firsty 

and of the lemnd oolj tbat dedkaCed to Mmtdy Fortune. 

"Oftbe Anbqmtieaof PoUwehaveinadethe followiim; Designs, 

** Of tbe AiDphitbeatre, 
1. An External Yicw) vbjcb «beir exactly- tbe prcaent condition 
9. Ao Internal Ditto ( of tbU Building. 
5. A Plan. 

4. A gcaeral EleTation of the Front, with a tranaverM Section. 

5. An £lrration of ooe of tbe AbotmenU, called by Serlio eon- 


6. An FJeration of a FUiik of Wuo, with ProAU of tome oomicaa 

belonging to them, &e. 


7* Sections, &c. of Ditto, abewing their TJae. 

8. A Plan and Elevation of two Piers of the Baaement. 

9. Zoccolo, Cornice, &c. of Ditto. 

10. A Plan, and Elevation of an Arch of the first Order, 

1 ], Capital, Entablature, and Impost of Ditto. 

12. A Plan and Elevation of an Arch of the second Order. 

18. Capital, Entablature, and Impost of Ditto. 

14. A Plan and Elevation of Part of the Upper Order, shewing 

one Window, the Channels and Zoccoloa, in which the poles 
were planted, that the Vul was fastned to. 

15. A Section of the Upper Cornice, and of the Architrave and 

Cornice of the Windows, &c. 

« Of the Arch. 

16. A View shewing the situation and condition it is now in. 

17. A Plan, 

IS. An Elevation of the Front, 

19. Ditto of the Flank, 

20. A Section. 

21. Basement and Base of the Columns. 

22. Capital and Entablature, with a profil of the Capital. 

23. Angular View and Plan of the Capital. 

24. The Attick Story, Impost of the Arch, and a Basso Relievo 

representing an Eagle, with the wing^ extended, grasping a 
Serpent, in the suffit of the Arch. 
25< Basso Relievo of Trophies. 

« Of the Temple, 

26, A View of the Front, shewing the condition it is now in. 

27. Ditto of the Back Front, with another consimilar Temple. 
26. A PUn. 

29. An Elevation of the Front. 

30. Ditto of the Flank. 



81. Basement and Base of tlie Columns, with Folingftn that ftdom 
the Frieie. 

32. Capital and Entablature, with a Profil of Ute CnpiuL 

33. An iVn^ifular Viev and Plan nf ditto. 

34. Capital of the Fila^ttcm. Its PtoM and Flan< Sidfit of the 

Aiclutrave> and Base of the Pilastera." 


TAofllsf IToUiSj Eaq. to ProfttstfT Ward, CopieM a IMtt^ fi'^^ 
CamiUQ Patipmi^ rctpcctirtff the vari<?tu Artirteit found at Her- 
eittan^um ; and the c^tadtUhMent of /A« Muf^Mrn ot PortiH, 
Monsffifntitr Baittrtiis tVork on H&rtmtaneHm^ Sitiart and 
Rivett U*w!t ^^*€vr Proponatf- Inclose* tht c^tpy of an Intcrip* 
Hon rectnthf finxnd near Rome- 

[\ddU- M5. Uflt. Mo*. oyiO, fbl. 101. Ohfi.] 

Dear Sir, Genoa, the25tb December 1752. 

The fa\'or of your Letter had heen earlier ackntju-ledgcd had it 
not been for the particular hurry and crij^a^monCs that 1 have 
been in for some tJtne past, and from the knowledge that therd 
was little worthy of your notice lo rominnniait<.'» Tliia latter 
reauion still subMst* to a degree. However, I am dolcrmincd not 
to delay ivritin;^ any longer, leant you Miould think nic too dilatory 
in the performance of the promise given in England, which again 
yoa are so okliginj; tc say you aliould be pleased tJiat 1 would 
attend to. 

I have desired my friend Caniillo Pademi of Portici to give mc 
his sentiment* in reji^ard to your Queries respecting the tliingx 
found and likely to he found In the Herculauctun. From his 
pohtcnes-H I expect to bear from him speedily, and when I do, 
you may be certain of immediately henrin;: from me. Tliis Pa- 
demi is a aenuhlet infciuoust and wortliy miin, a K^cat lorer of 



the Ei^sli, the Kind's principal Dcsijrner at the HerailAncnm, 
And in his rank a ^reat favourite "f the King's. Fonucily he has 
had the honor to have h«*n in coriMpandencc vrilh Dr. Mend. 
In a Letter from him dat^d in Sq)temb€r last, he writes^ among 
other th)ng?i, as followH, " Know, Sir ! that %uice your departure 
^' tlier*^ hiLH been (oiind atDotij; our di^|^nj;s two most beautiful 
'* marble Bii»ta of Greek workmanship and one Bust in hronze> 
" aUo a marble Vase on which lire niue figures in relief, besides 
" muHi Painting iind Mosaic work* The King my mister has lately 
" sent to bis palace at Portici all those Things which till tliis time 
" he had kept in Xaples, nonie of them for niaiiy years back. These 
** ronstst in many StatiLe^ in ntetid, many Viuo» and varioijs bouse- 
" hold Utensils in mctalj many ditierent tilings in Mlvcr» many 
" in gold, such as chains, necklace&T pendente, bracelets, rings, 
'* iind other omnmetitx, many gold and silver mi'dalti, a very grt^at 
'^ quantity of medals in bronze, many Cameos and Intaglioit, many 
" thing* in glass, many in terra cotta, much fruit bca>me a kind 
*' of clurconl by tlie lava of the Mountain, and otlicr things- All 
'' these, when properly sorted and ranged, will make a curious and 
** very entertaining sight to foreigners, 

** Among the NewM lliat remains to acquaint you with is this, 
*' from which 1 make no doubt you will reocivc p1ea?iurcT Uiat all 
'* these rare and v&loablc thmgs b&vc been delivered up into my 
" custody, to take care of them and diKpo^ of chem in such order 
« as I sball apprehend the most proper. This honor 1 receix'ed of 
** His Majesty himself, without baring made the least appliottion 
^ for it, and in opposition to divers persons wbo bad great in* 
" terest with our Princes and other great people, it is true I enjoy 
" no additional salary, yet the post is more acceptable to me than 
** if my usual stipend liad been doubled, 1 am in hopes of ghew- 
" ing these things when and to whom I ple^ise, and in aach oaM 
•* I <lcsign to allot the Feast'Days for that purpose^ so that I may 
" be more qtiicl^ and better capable of following my other cm- 
** ployment on tlie common Days." 



To Ao Pnd«mj jiistirp, I cnn udd too» Sir, that it is Vnovnx to a 
fev, thjLt ]ii> Tift](h«cii ftlmo^t the nole means by his oivn judicioua 
well-Unwd reit^rAted insinuations to tnAuetice bit Master to the 
bAToreinentioml nght and b^f^ming revolution of forming n GaU 
It^ry of Antiqtiiti<*fi, in tvliioh I tJi\u* itt.lio Famcsc GAllonr brought 
from ParmA will be incUid«d. Thin point w&s ihc more diDindt 
to effi-rt, nM tx>th Kinif and (jueen till this time have been most 
^Ktnx'ttgnntly jctdoun of all Uie^e niatterit, locking the far f^reater 
and belter part nf them lap from the HtgKt of ovcry onii, ami ahni^nt 
from tb« sight of ench other. 

The extract of thr above Letter, it ia apprehended, will be far 
mofv curious and authentic thnn &ny thing which I could write of 
myaelf concerning the Merculaneuin, If notwithstanding you 
abonlt] 1>e wtill rnclinc4l to know what ao gotierul n rf^markiT Has 
observed of it, in which case you will please to apply to my loost 
worthy relation Mr. Tim<itby Uollii, and he will be so good to 
communicate to yoti a Letter of mine respecting it dated in April 
last. *i*he same ^ntleman can also shew you parts of two Letters 
alhislve to the attempts made tJio beginning of last Summer for 
forming an it wait called an English Academy at Home. In these 
Letters I bavo pursued the subject with Freedom, and wrot4J of 
things and persona in the light in which they appcari^i to me. 

It is scarcely to be dotihtcd but you have seen Monscigncur 
Baiardi's tvro first Books of tJ^o Herculancum. The third votumc 
ta ready) but it will oot be given out till the fourth Volume be 
likewise finiabcd. In confidence, this Work hn« not answered 
the expcetationa of the Public here, an it has entered hut slightly 
uito the subject proposed, and on tho contrary Iimk dilntt^ itself 
into foreign and eon»c<iuently needless digreswons. With the 
same confidence it in added that thia prelate, though a vcr\' learned 
pcraon, yet Is not believed to be so deep and ircU sl^ilkd in cer* 
tain pnrta of Antiquity, as from the port in tirhieh lie ia miglit bo 
expected. p\11 ni^rcc likcn-ise (hat the pTopcrcFrt person to hnvo 
bc«n at Uie head of tJio pursuits of the Hcmulaneum, wan tlie 



IE A It Y VSy. 

Marquis Vcnati of Cortono, elder brother to the Abbftt« Venu^ 
th« Pope's AntiquanAct &t Roin«. Same ye^rs »inc« he miv &t 
Ka|>)e« in expuctation of erijoritif; tJi&t honour, but hy some in- 
tr^ue or miauncWtttaiuling, he did not succeed* to hi* own and 
th* public disappointment. 

Most of the KngUah who hftT« be«n at Naples, have obtained 
Monncigncar Bninrdt's Book by nuauis of Pkdrft f^nenu, a 
learned and noble rcli^ous, who scck» crcry opportantty of b«ing 
MrrioeabU and obligiuj^ tKcm. TUis Futher is en^i^ed in a ^-ery 
lai]^ and vtry loamed work, entitled, " The Antiquities of Sieily 
•xpkmcd/* It ift to consist of sev^n Volumes in Folio. Tho 
Bint volume was published \utt year with preat repalation, and tk 
9CCon<l iH no^ going to be puhluihed. Being poor by profession, 
ho baa been obliged to carry on this expensive Work by subscrip- 
tion, a method tumtual in Italy, and baa met with UDCommon 
enGouragcrmentt enpedally ftocn our own coantrymcn. Tic latter 
end of Summer he wrote mc, that he intended to send a <^py of 
the Volume already pnnted to the Royal Society by iho first 
opportunity, a^ an crideneG of bis great regard to so lc«imed and ' 
rcapecLable a body. Prom bin) also I have lately heard that tliey 
still go on to tind thing* at Hert^ulruicum almost daily, and in the 
general more excellent in their several kind.t titan bcretofore. The 
place where they now dig and have been digging above these six 
moTttbSf is beyond Portici (the place first dug at» and where is 
the Theatre], upon memory three or four milesj upon tlx: sea »dcy 
ncftrto an old tower, called Torre del Greco. 

Haviiif; scat dircrb purchiLfrca and acquisitions of mine home to 
England^ the lant Spring ; among them J toak the liberty to send 
yon ft smalt piece of antient painting found by my^f in soeoo 
plae« or other of mytravcU; and Mr. Timothy llollis has jn- 
formed me that il has been delivered. It is hoped the Voyago 
and Climate has not made it scale or fade, snd that you will cod- 
nder it upon the footing of ou Antiquity only- The King of 
Naples iai so jealous of those Paintings, that be wilt not part with 



the Icn^t Hcrap to uiy one, notn'jtliBtaudm^ cliat he haa Roomi 
full of them. 

Ikfore ihan once I hnvc hrnrd of StuArts nnd Rirctts g^i>^g on 
piXMpcrounly in Greece, and last w«ek their neir Proposals \ter« 
M'nt nic by Xf r. BrittUigham from Rome. Those should c^rtainl^ 
have Iweo enclosett to you. had thoy not hecu efloctivoly the fiame 
as die fir«t, though xomewhat mori? met]inc]ts<y), And t)mt hy this 
time they must he to be nict with in Engljtnd. Stuart ha« several 
times acknuwt«dgiMl to his fticnds l^ere tn Italy the many kind 
eiTilities and ossintancei received from Mr. Dawkina. Rcallv lh«y 
deserve enc»iimgemene> and all thoite T meet, like to that gentle- 
mui, are di4{M>ied to give it them, 

NooDe ii more Btuathle than myself to all your obliging kind 
wifthev, T\OT can «ny one also more heartily dcsJre the prosperity 
of hia fnends. When at leiiure from the laboHoiis snd usefal 
Work in vhich you are engaged^ it will be a real plvasure to hear 
from you. In the interim, and always, I am truly, 

Dear Sir, 

Your ailectionate Friend and 
obedient humble Servant, 


P. 8* To fill up the Paper 1 send you the Copy of a very cu- 
riouH Inscription found very lately at or near l^me, and now in 
the poeaeaaioii of a friend of mine there s 


nanctiM ixvicro 

PAULUa ABwii^iua tup. 


iMPBnio PoeiTAU cariT 
Gt'iirs rso DiK I, XXII 

rilDl^a VBNPIDJT %T lAM 



BOMAVA aiONA ciRcrurcLiT. 

D. D. 0.O. 




He adds, that the letters an? cut in a beautiful ohikroct^r upon 
a larj^ block of marble, upoiL wliich must have stcod origiiially a 
column, iw iipp<.^r» by jl small remnant of it»lill fixed to llie blocks 
The modem Romans have ho much tlic gemu« of tbc old Romans 
in roflpcet to Inscriptions thougb in very fevr other things, thu 1 
was aflsured by I'arker the Antiquary, now of Sienna, that Po]>e 
Corifitii i>pent in Inscription moncy> the first y«»rof Iuk Pi>iiti£cakte, 
ypwardB of -40»000 Roman crowns, or aliout £2000 isterling. 


Emanuel Mmdes da Co»ta to Professor Ward. Enqmrct rttpiCi 
mff the Murrltijie Vases o/ the Antients. 

PvfS. AiiaU. Dril. Mdc. ^10, art. :il. Orip.} 

'«* WhMt were thfl Murrhlne Voir* of Ui? Anolcau U a qoMtion vbkh fiM br«n 
9m\vA fwf agM, but ncTtr MtUfaaorily *a>Trercit. 

Da CoilA |iu1iliib«il Ihc fir«l Part of the Ant Volame af lib '- Ntlora] nialorr of 
FcnitLb*' throe jcort aflnr ihvdaM or tbe prtacbl L«tter, hut in lua AcwiiU of UuMm 
took no notjoci u bo bad jiropoaod U> iJo^ of the Kom ^AurJi^JVd. Farther rrKarcb 
bad pf^tijhhlj rjjiiiijji;rd bLm llial tbrf were not lunili? of (bat maLfrial. 

Priny M th« imlj wrllrr i>f unf iqnif j vbd ba« |pnn lUi Hcifdnnt of ibfW Tfturi^^ 

vblcb, a* U ihr cftM vUb moiit of bit ddcrlpUona of objeoli of Nat«n or Art, pnibt- 
blf pmcQti a jumblo uf tuitt and fublca Of mlMonoepCli»Ltf aad d^Qiuti thvnforc, be 
eip«ctrd «ac(lf U nKfrr vilh aujr riDtural or artlAcbil •ubiuaoc «o are Mqiuiated 
Willi. It* pTifUa^Ij bad ncvrj hcdb aurb *«ho1i, and ir«ulij b4v« taken fur a <hI 
TMKrfAiftum Ktiy vr^trl iiindr of dii^ uf lliit ililTartat nbttancM vblch bla Haftieotaton 
bate imagLQcd be mnrnt lo detcribe. 

• Mr. Hotlb ttfErnrarda purcbued tLI« Uarblfl »b*ii ftl Rciinfl. ia ITSJ. for Aftecn 
aeqaiDB. He brougbl n to F-n^^Und, and lubieqqcnUy b«|UcalheJ it, with bis olbvr 
propcHf nnd eurioaitua. t4 I'birwQ* Urand HolIJa, &ti|. <»f lh« Hjdc; wbu i^ua 
bei^uiulbid (bAm to Dr. Diniiejr. Tlila Maibte b vlil] it lie tl)'^, nor [iii|Brr«<4D«, 
in EtMi^ the proportj of Ihc Bdltor'a frieiid JobA Dlancr, B«q. 

^ *'Oneiia tovrbiJia miicit: iartDbiDitu- cntm Ibf In ptnribni loeit, ncc kntl|>ibnit 
Duxiinv Fvt^ici rcif^, prwripw Uowa in C-trrowiJi, Unnortm t^tut tab tcrta 

tKTTKRft or FMI»B?ffT LlTBltAllT MBN. 

^ TllB §ut nppffKTM to bf Hilt «r*r^ fncilp haJ tUft^ cxvilo alone A^inLri^fl^ te be 
wnmght bto vrucfii oion or leu caiiBcmubr wu dtipiiAcd by ihu aane cf miirTbiri«, 

[i|prob«Uy becaun foch cottlf vctidft were nat io tir tloKradfi'I bjr ncoetiiai; inj oth«r 
■aid than lh« Udy^s beveni^ calt«d ntyrrAina, or nurrAiAa jii^fia (a iii|wrior Rort Of 
Mpu vr Ii»1ki|>) i thguith Nrrv «nd ll«bo|[iibaltt» mn uld to liivc luAtirlowlj ttppUcd 
Ihoa lA * mtf llil^nf1tricAll|^ opiAtiti*-* Thi* ^Apwiitj vhirlt tbii htier me itnplia* 
iMmii to be the only tbing la taiour (cliougb nac nm&liuavd bjr tit dcfradfln] of tho 
apiaion iLtt tbe Toja mHrrAma were braatifullj puntvil porcolaLa, 

Upon llt« iriiok, 110 iiiineml fiubftLinOR K4 know iit a wruiifEhl tt&tfl, ■acienC^ir B&O- 
Jrra< w rc» mum jwrfocdy wjlli Plin^'i acoouuii tbou (Lc bi4u(jrul urimtal vArivtIn of 
CalwdnDrKcn Id tbt form of Cupi in nait frcAt ColLcchonn o' Micnnlk, mid of 

^ whioh loma remariiblif Bpecitacu are to btf fouad tn tiblo 23 of the prcMiiC Mlovr^ 

' ftoou ititbfi lirituh Mueruin. 

AnoEhfr *abALanoe> which woctd unquoitlonsbty hare been cnUtid bjr that DnmtT if 
kii««m to Iho Ani'ifVtfl (u probably it wki) in* hava in t)i« aobJv Opnl, wliicb, puBta| 

V Into comniOQ Opikl. mar b«v« occumd (u it MiU dooe to a cflrt&ia decrn) ia utudea 
toSicientlj bulky to allow of bdug workvd into tmicU, 
Tbe folEowing vmt<rt tppctr Co ht tbft oiott ut«fid to coamll upoti the MEuthine 


ChriiCiu, Dl*q^ de HnrrinEi Vti4«niDi- 

Veltbdm 00 the Vui Morrhlmt, vrldcb ho thtakn irori of CUoeM MMp-atoiu. 

Lc Blond nnd Lftrobcr, Mem. d« VAruJ- da [atcnplloiil. 

MoD|e«t M«n. de riottitut Nationil IL litt. p. U3. 

M«fln, BnL7clu|>> i3os. 

Abol nimunt, UiM. dv U VUJ« d« IChoUD, U90. 


ScT«rft1 af (bnc irriE«n lOp pose thp Murrhinc Vuca Co hafC bcOQ For«1iiio. Gfltl 
ta his Pompviiiu njVi FurciUta of tho l^ut wu cnilvd Mirrhv di Smyrna, M i*U u 

9B«loBl«fp lo till Aononnt nf An^itiu, vy*, " AJexmndria «BplB| oUiit BiU |ifstiar 
mom tnorrhiAuiD olitfom ex Uittmancuto recto reilaaiC*' o* 7J- o. S. 

f«eUoi« doMir^- JUoplltodlAe aqH)tiam pono* extwdimt ftbiTO«; cniMiiadla« kbo 
qiunln djtluiD nt vui iioitinci, ^jilrudor Li' *lno vlrlboi, nlCorqiio Trrloti quoi 

' •pk&dar. Svd \n prrtio vanrtaa «ulopitru. Bultiadf olrcnmdac«Otlhoa ac maoftUa in 
imrpomn condorvmqufl. tt Itrtium a utroque icon-^potfnn. Tcluti p«r tfauiltOQQ colo- 
rk pvrpon oU rubcKcntc !«(««> Suae qui mattiD« in hu laudvnt utnaiiUi«, H 
4|aJ*dain tolonim rqwrruHUi, riuilc* lo eoeUJti AfCU ipvoUatufp Hia tjiaoulv pinfuoi 
■temil : liwulucirE ^oijqnun wit pilkror Tftlam ott: Una uIm TCcmcRiqaa aon 
finanTra, aad «t in »rf<in, «tia^ plcraBi|H toaaalOBh Alii|va «t in odor* oammBH- 
dAtio «fl/'— Plte> Hial. tiU. IL ixiTtL c. V. 

• UinprU. Udkftb. c, 3f. ** lo nnirbbiia rl ooTcbloU miiuil/* 


Papiu eipltLoa Mum to b« " genua tuu— pro tu« Titrio poniCnr. Mjn^iiQiUAt 
feooB optimi Titri , et wph jrlni colorii — ind« myrrhiiu nw diciutar.' 

I have boldly ventared to trouble you, to beg your opinion 
wbether tbe Vasa Murrhma of the Romans were made of a kind 
of Marble greatly esteem'd by them, or wbetber they were not 
more probably (the which opinion I am of) the same with our 
Porcel^n or China ware. 

Have you. Sir, among the many Cabinets of Antiquities you 
are acquainted with, ever seen any of the said Vasa Sfurrkina 
preserved? which might greatly elucidate the query: or does 
MontfauGon> or any other celebrated Antiquarian, mention to 
have seen tbem } 

The reason of my boldly begging this &vour of you, Sir, is, aa I 
am now printing my Work of a Natural History of Fossils, and 
that I am on the subject of Marbles, should the Voga MurrMna 
be made of Marble, I should be glad to eluddate that subject a 
litde ; and if you honour me with your answer, and permit me to 
use (either in your name or my own) what obserrations you may 
make on tbe subject, I beg you would direct your said Answer for 
me at the Bank Coffee house by the Bank of En^and. I remain, 
with great esteem. 

13th November 1754, Your very obliged 

humble servant, 
For Emanubl Mekdbb da Costa. 

Dr, John Ward, 

Professor of Rhetorick 
in Gresbam College, 

The ntkmt of Vata MurrAina, at leut, «xm9 to Iutc bwn knowD in Eoglud In the 
middle age. 

Under the jwr llBl, ic M.tthew Ptri*, it i> related Cfaat Roger archbisbop of York 



daoEl; for mmrinv, Se* WatU'* edit. HylO, p. WO. Ciphi *l<i murro. cipbl munel. 
occur ooaliDaolJjr in Intmtorif*. Tlifl bugcil 1ji( of Xhcia n m tlie App<ndli to Upirt'* 
CiBiLtiitnirf > T]uii tbor ■rrrc <bc MUie m were t&llcil *' Minor," U <fll»bii»lfcOil by ih« 
Prowftorion Pftrvulnnttn. vrhicli givrt ■■ Jlfa*n«, mdrTd*. fDum," vrhrnoe It lany h« 
ooBclodcd ihftl M«rriii mas t pnme u«ifDed in tlu nidiUe age, inaUiwoa to tb* 
Hjrrhbe Vmci of tbc ftDcient«. 


J J^ J5flr/ 0/' MaccUffietd^ P. fl, S. ^» /Ac DuJf of Nf:u^castl4'. Ex- 
pcnces oj the Royal Society in sending out persons to observe the 
Transit of VtnuM otrr (he Sun^ af Jwic G, 1 7*51- 
{Addit. :^S. BriL Miu. 4441. f«L6. Oriif.] 

My Lonl Duke, 
Your Grace will be plconcd to remember^ that in Uio beginning 
of July 17^0 his Uto Mbjcatyi Id co&sctjucncfi of ftfi application 
to him for that jmrposc from the Royal Society^ tnoat g^mcioualy 
ordered a warrant to be immediately made out for the pnymcntto 
them of ttie sum of etgbt hundreil pounds, bowardti eniLbling t]t«in 
to provide proper In.itrumcntM and support the charge of »ciid!ng 
two pcrvons to the IsUnd of St. Helena to observe the Tr&nAit of 
VcnuA over the Bcdy of the Sun, which was to happen on the Gth 
of June following : * and at tlic »ainc dme gave Erections that an* 
' Other warnint .ihould be maHc out for the payment to the Royal 
^Society of eight hundred more for the like purpose for Bcncoolcn, 
aa aoon oa it could be shewn with some degree of certainty that 
the observers to be tient to Beneoolen could arrive tliere in due 
time J which laat coutd not hare been ejected, had not the Lords 
ConmumonCTa of the Admiralty, from a devirc to contHbute all 

* Mr. BlUrwvdi Dr. M(tftl«Lp*, tnd Mth Widdln^on «mr tbc t*o pvnoiu aent. 
l>r^ MHkdvae'ii A«guat or bti own U^K^Tfltil)n|| on lb« TnE»l, In ■ L«ll«r lo the 
Rwl 4if Mta:ct«fU1d» h printed la the Philut, Trafivoct, tuL ui. p. lOfi— 901, Mr. 
VcddlDglm took Ibfi puu^i «f VmiD* »ad the Aua'« hutbi, ■crcai thii horiiODtt] and 
^KftiodvlnofttKcqua] dt^tule laatnimeiil. 



in their p<nrcr to the improvement of Astronomy, vitit which 
NarijEstion is so closely conreoled, been so good to order one of 
tlie King's ship9 (tlie Sea-horse) to carry our two obacr^ers to 
Bencootcn, ond tlicit to proceed to join the Adminil and other 
ships of war at that time in tlie East Indies. 

Thtit entirely removed all doubts of the poBsibility of the tvo 
obKcrvtTH whom the Society shoald employ arriving iti proper 
time at Bencoolen- And therefore the Society, having received 
the 1ir»t eight hundred pounds*, set about preparing the expensive 
tho' netxssM-y Instrumi^nts for both placi-s, anJ came to nu agree- 
ment with four Observcrsj two of Uicm to make the proper obser- 
vations at each place, and vrere at the charge of fitting all tho 
Obs-ervera out for their respective vovEigc* : in which, aiid the 
Instruments, they expended all the eight hundred pountU which 
they had receiTed, nottvithst^ndin^ tliey proceeded in tlie whole 
witl) the greatest fruj^ulity possible. 

But the hurry and disorder in Publick afi'airs, occasioned by 
the very sudden and unexpected demise of tlic Ute King, pre- 
vented the Socicty^s making an immediate application for tho 
other eij^ht hundred pounds which had been conditionally granted 
to tliem : and though their Observers had drawn upon tliem for 
some small sumS} they chose rather to pay those draughts out of 
their own little stock, ilian to apply for the other ci^ht hundred 
pouid» till after the solemnity of his Mijesty's marriAg;e and tliat 
of their Majesties' coronation, should he past and entirely over. 

llierefore had 1 not been unfortunately conhned, I may say^' 
during the whole of last winter^ by successive attacks of the g^t 
la my feet {from the last attack of which 1 am far from being free) 
I should in person have waited upon your Giace, to desire you^ in 
my own name and that of the Royal Society, to reprciettt our 
cue to our Royal and most gracious Patron, whow known love of 
science as well as justice \c\\\, I am ptrsuadcd, induce his Mafcsty 
to order the otiier eight hundred |x>unds to be £>rtbwith j>aid to 


the Society^ vrho hftvc on their pmrt performed, to Ihc utmost of 
I heir power, the ooiiditio IIS of hia late Majc^y's grants for our 
Obacrrera could ccrtabily hvirc rcarht^d Bcncnolcu in due time, 
h«d iK>t the Sca-hoTflc, on board of which «hip they n-crc, unfortu- 
latciy received so much damage iti an cngngeniciit vrith o French 
lip VI to he ob^gcd (o return to DvAioutJi, where it tnck ap 
9Dnc tjiac to Tc£t Iter for her voy&go. But, even nftcr thnt^ our 
[Ohscrvcru might hnve got to Bcficoolcn soon cneu|;h, had r»ot 
rtlibt plfieCf !vs they were truly infurtncd during their voyage, hcca 
then aeiually in the honds of the French- This ren<Iered it necea- 
ary for tliem to lund flt iho Cape of Good Hope, where they bgilt 
, proper observatory, imd made many very good nnd uacful obaer* 

Some of our ObwMTera nro now returned, after having dmvo 
bills upon uci to a conaiderublc amount ^Th:ch will require imme- 
diate payment, find the Ohncrvcra, not being men of Hubatancc, 
■vront to rcoeii'C m soon na possible the ballanee of aecompts due 
to them* 

For trldeh reason I am obliged Co take this method of latrcating 
camcstl}') in the name of the Society^ that yuur Gr&co would tako 
the most early opportunity of representing this affiiir in a proper 
tnaniKT to our mont gmeiuuff Sovereign and Patrtin,Hnd ubtoining 
for us his MnjestyN llo)^ order for our immediately receiving 
the uIhivo tueiitioned eight hundred f>uuiids, of which we stand 
greatly in nee<l. And in order Ihr better to refresh your Gmee's 
memory us to particuUrs, I here^ntli send you the extracts from 
the Society's BoDk& relatiiij; to our apptifration to liis late Majesty, 
and his most grneioun answer. 

Being, ab I siud before, still confined by the ^out, and unable 
to wait upon tour Grsce in person, I take the liberty offending 

■ n* Ob««mlii«ii noda at fits Umft hj Wt. CJurW Miuon ind ^fr, DUan. the 
t«oOlMen«nbBr«>DDdvd to. vrlU bt A>utid rceurdf^it tatbaMfne rotaiMortlKiFliito- 
Ivopliioftl TmwcUoDS m Dr. Mukeljoc'i* p. 390 tk. wi^. 



thi6 letter and the extrmctA by Dr- Morton, Secretary of the RojrU 
Sooiety, and Under Librarian to the British Museum. 
I amf with the greatest re^pecC, 
my Lord Dultc, 
your Grftce^s 

roost humble nnd luost 
Monday, obe^dient aervuit, 

tOtK April, 1762. MACOi-wriiiLD, P, R. S. 

Hia OnLce Uie Duke 4>f Xcwc^tle. 


Dr, nViSum HtxrrU to Dr. Birch, Tfic character o/Lont Bacon. 

[Addit. MSS. Drlt Mu>. 4^09, foL 3C0. OrV-1 

Dear Sir, IIomton> J^n, ^6, 1763. 

1 om pcrfijotly Anhamcd wlioii I coniiider hoir long 1 have tit' 
Uycd thuT^king you for your very valuable present by Mr, Wilkin*, 
But the truth ib, he did not send ittJU IasI week, and it came not 
liitbcr till tJie Saturday. I liave now read it with niuoh pleasure; 
and think every lorer of Lord Bacon 'n writings, that la every one 
who haa a relish for good ncnnc and good writings will concur with 
me in thanking you for makiii;^ ac fine a present to the public. He 
waji tr^Iy a Master, learned, able, eloquent, induatrioua above all, 
and born to inatroct unborn a^s in wiadoro. Happy they who 
are able to in^itatr lum but at a diatance. You will forgive ro«, 
however^ my dcor Sir, if, tiotwith standing oil bis exccllcncieUr I 
add, that few would winb to hare been Bacon, These letters ad* 
tnirabty give bin chametcr an a flatterer^ a time-server^ a court 
tool, a cringer to, and a low ^applicant to a very ScoundrcL We 
may alw learn From these Letters tbat tt is not porta or fipptica- 
tkin that constitute the fcUeity of life, but prudence and csconomy 


Ac basis of )n<lep<:ndcncy «nd g^^ncrosity, !Imd tm Lordship been 
pos«C4i'd of these, with hid oUicr manifold QKcellenctcx, he would, 
perhapd, hare bc^^u more Uian moruL 

^f»y I presume to Ask, if you have ««y origiiuU LeltCTs relativo 
to the reign of Charles II, ? The eommunicntion of them, if you 
ftre poKicaa'd of them, will be a favour to myself itnd the public. 

Be M> good as to make my compUmenta to «U our eommon 
frieTB<la. and believe me to be, with aiiicere wisbe-s of your hcnlth 
And u»cfulT«ei#t 

Tour afTcctlouate uiid obliged friend, 

And very humble wcrvunt, 

WlLt,> llAHRlft. 

Dfidrymple'n ColIccHi>n of I.>etters is curious, ttud will fully 
■lataafy the impartial that my characCcr of Jaoiea I. ia not an unjust 
one — I hope that geittlecnan wlU give ua ]ii« two oilier volumes. 


Mr. Hwrru to Or. Birth, l^e chatac-ier n/King Chetrles the Second, 

[Addle. M3. Bnt. Mas. -1300, fol- SOI. OrJp,] 

Dear Sir, 
I herewith rcturo you the Duchess of Clcvehmd's letter," (or 
the use of which 1 thiuk myself much oblijred to you. Be pleased 
to accept my tiianks also for the letter rcbUve to Charles's death ;■» 
it IB n very full ci>iitiriiiftU[)n of what is ^nrrally kiiown^ sad 
(■Icaily shews llt»t superstition snd vice are very closely connected. 
Cbsrles 11. was indeed s very had man ; he had a bad heart, and 
his |[ood nature, if indeed he had iU wis lavished away on tJjose 
who hjid tlie least pretence to biA favour. I sec wc ate promised 
Lord Chanci^Ilor Clarendon's Ststc riijicfH ; I wish tliey may be 

• PriaUil Li Huri4'« LifvoT HiarkvIL rol- It. Afpmd. p.S^^ 
CAM IV. ftoo. 4 r 



puMi«hcd&irIr: but I am nfmid — liixname being; beld in sohi^ 
AdmiraUoa — unjustly in my opinion — I say I am afraid diia iriU ] 
not be tbe cas«, Adiea ! my dear Sir. and beCeve me to be* with 
ftreat esteem^ 

Your obliged Friend and Servant, 
Ifoniton, Oct, 10^ 1763- Will. HAiiki». 

The Rev. Dr. Birch. 

TbaEdlCorortb^jmsent Valuno, tn aforma- Work, lb#" Oricijul LfttcniUw. 
iraijTfi of Eni^liili Uutor;/' reconkd tma AoeonnU or thv l»t uocneati of Km^ , 
Cbvlts JL one. frnru • rljnpUin iv tlr, Turiirr, fimliop otK-\j, Bbo vu tn rff-*^tliMi ' 
(« DiAhdp Ecu*! e<h1c41'9Uib lo avAkflD <k« rnjAl coiHolnwe i lh« oAef, tb« Kia('s 
rwvpf inn at iht htm of the Romiili cfaurdi tbc dajr bffofB hii d4tb. 

Biihop KranrtI io tke loaDWcript CouciiiUftMon of hU K«gut«r ud Ouvudr* MS. 
UnmL [O-JJ, fij *rb,>*j», 

'- I li(AFd K grui Wcr otitrrrrc, tlmi King Ctiorlei w la a iiLfenii«r put fab mbm*, 
Hh«n llie Dnke mU, ' Kroihtrp wiil ym kai« tb« Piirvt oc-mc in ? ' avl wltlipal uy 
MDdbU ■ntwroftbvKlov* fithrr Ht»ddlr«ti)ii> who «« i«t ta vut «i tbeclik&W 
door, vw ctUttt b, sDd did iibAt he pAna'd witfanui the Kittf't cboiot, «r cix|tinaa 
■urot to it." 

7?le ilev, iftUiam Ccle to Father Charles Bcdiuafietd, at Somerbi/ 

Haiif near Grantham, in Uncolnshh'e- ?%« Supprtmon of the 


[Colc't M%. ToL nHL IbL tb.] 

*«^.Ccil«< Kntbo44lhTo1&n]B of bit Mmwoript CoLlBctiona, ^m fbc Mlovioc 
Awognt of Falhrr Bedlofficld, wrilUn flboot ITU. 

" VMber Clitrtea Hcnatrnturo DodLogftcId , of ihe UmSlj of tbe Bedisg«dil> tf Ox- 
burph In SufttU, hu at » bnncb In tbal caonij vr Not/ulk Uutt <rtT« TmtttmOMt tmd 
■■ifr^UMtcd iiit]i*l|t«imMaQj bat nry t*rl]p iafifv i|iuItb4 tut molbsrCbaveb fartW 
of Boinr. He bu loU «c bo bao a tf«C« liiin^ «i Norvlch. and ft aetttm m clwtT- 
Bu of the C'btircb of England, He *xat from tu to tbi Fraadaow or RnAci at 
Dooojt uid ha* b«a oq tbo En^Uilt vhuiao far tmmj jttn. tia Hvod IDT amM tlma 
p ibil cApttily m MavuivtUdbln, atd m Mon»o«tJi waa oavfaaaor to Uw late Mr*. . 
HnddUato^ of fiauiton tn Cadbaid^'Urv. I ««■ Ivat at^unMd viih Mm b mf 
ava firbJi of Blrcbrifj 'n BiMfcta^hiMthirtf. vkrH bf livtii in Mo. Hullatt'a 



ftmi)/, vW ane vilb W fron SL KeMV is Dnntinfdcaihtf* la WtXa ItiU, l^ w«e 
of Mr, WWM'i£tailf»«k<b tttj ttttrwu ^ teR for Soitrby, Ptvr Grsnitum m Lin- 
co>nliiTr, ■< whtd pliDc HfV' MuUia^ d]ria(, leaiia^ bcf balZ-aiMtft Mrt. Waikiiup 
ntbrr aoiiTWtiJcril for, bft *iu rorcfid to i\mit hnr. and iwv it Imnc, hrhnvn ■nanTj 
iod H^7, U t L«iJj'« at Worbbf IlkU, ne*; Q«lii>borod(h in thM eoanlf < H« it ft 
middle-iual Urc^jr omd, of no f nvt pftrla or tittnturr, but wh*t fv ciOttii tikon, gf 
pwi iB^mcvt ftflil lioneaij t ukil Is biui± ■SHcifd with ibc goal-*' 

Dear Sir, Bkchelcy, Sunday, Aug. 2, 176?. 

« • « « « 

I hope it b not trrason, in Enj-lajid, hoverer it mzj he in 
F^viCG or Spain, to say^ " I heartily pity the Jesuits.'* Surely 
their crtmct must l>e excessive, as their punijihnicnt is cruel, and 
Uie rancour and rcnom against thctn so malicious and universal. 
Tlic Sivngrs cf America, the Hottentots of Africa, and the t^lyJ 
PuriUns of XCiSt could not have devised more inhuman and bar- 
barous treatment than these Fathers have met with from good 
CathoLiot, and in an 8{;c that talks much of the hberties of man- 
kind, and other iine seatimentat alfectioiis. I hope vhen things 
are at worst they will mend. Tlio' I must fairly own* I wish their 
own too refined |>oliey has not been the occasion of tlieir ruin. 
They were loo powerful, and too rich : neither of which propertiea 
had much to do with their Institution. 


Father Btdin^Id to Mr. CoU^ u r^^y, 

* a * • * 

The havock made among the Jeratta may be accounted for, 
vitliout having recourse to cither their riches or poUlics. In 
Portugal their ap!>osing a tyrannical odious minister: in France, 
a combination of DeiMs, Hugonota, and Janaeniats, with Madaoifl 
Pompadour at their bead; and Lastly, in Spain, a delu^ of Louis 


d'OKs among the Ministry, has been the cause of their expulsion. 
No wonder the last Monarch conceals in his royal breast the cause 
of their disgrace. I would rather chuse to stand in his Sardinian 
Majesty's shoes than hia ; who^ upon being sollicited to follow the 
feshion of baniahing innocent and useful subjects, replied, " He 
did not like to do an action, for which he might shortly be called 
to account, at the great Tribunal." Marshal Broglio said one 
day in company^ ^' J'fd pens^ autrefois me faire Jesuite: je suis I 
present Marechal de France ; mais j'aimerois mieux d'etre Jesuite 
en Espagne, et pendu, que d'etre ici leur ennemi, et convert de 
gloire." In the same Letter from abroad I read, that a Rector 
of a Jesuits College in Silesia made a petition to the King of 
Prussia, who granted it, saying, '*Tho' I am neither his Most 
Christian Majesty, nor his Catholic Majesty, nor his Most FdthM 
Majesty** — Quelle honte pour les autres [ me direz tous, qui a le 
cceur droit ? A late Pamphlet (Memoirs of the Court of Portu* 
gal) sets forth in lively colours the original spring of irreparable 
mischief both to Church and State. 

Your ever afTectionate & most obed^ humble Serr*, 
Somerby, 11 Aug. l?^?. C. Bsdingfield. 


Father Bedingfield to Mr. Cole, 7^ itaU qf France, 
[H3< Cols, ia1. XX111. fd. I19b, IVOkJ 

Worlaby HaU, Aug. 15, 1772. 

* * * « * 

Not having any thing better to entertain you with, I will tran- 
scribe part of a Letter I lately received from a Correspondent who 
has been making a Tour on the Continent, if my poor trembling 
hand can hold out. 



" 1 wttji pUMsp/i lo find thftt there is not *o mtich Irreligion in 
FruiCQ as I had hewed report^. Tlu> Clrrgy in geneml are by all 
accoantH Tery exemplary : for tlicre are a motley set of behigx, 
CiiHed Ahbrs, who do not belong to Uiem, l>ut, wearing the dront 
ud aASaming the name, Uiro* a rcry ill cuKtom, act oft«in U> the 
nproai^ of their hnhit. The churches every where »ecmed well 
thronged^ wiUi ^tvat appaarAnce of devotion. 

"TIlc Ut« Minttter Clioiseul Wfta said to be no friend to the 
Kc<^le«iastlc«^ and &ome even pretend timt he patronizes Uie D^< 
tical publicattiont, and the Autlmrit. Thcr presfrnt Miniatry are 
auppoacd not to trouble their heads mucb about Itelii^ion, except 
thflt the Chancellor Mmipf^nu U a groat friend of the Jpsiiita* 
There was a jealousy jtubsistiiig^ oecording tt* report, between the 

' Dukf D'Aiguillas and him, and no tt frould not bcj fc>rc*w*n bow 
long the Intter would tccnp biit place ^ who i« nv^vcrtbtdeKft a fa- 
TMirite of tbe King, but tha other is the confidant of Mntlame 
Birr^e. Tlie oi>m[>lairiti about the change of tbe Purliamenl 
subside; b)' impartial accounU ja«Ucc is ^d to be put on a 
better footing betwuEt man aiid man than m the old Parliamentsi 
and the only eRu«o of grumbling la, that the King ik <]utte abao- 
lute. In tbe last Parliament, tbe places being quite vennl^ tbe 
young nien^ who bad purchased, were the fnajorityr and bore down 
tbe s<*tiion in many oftften ; and, x* m State AiTuirs the different 
Parhament* began to join ma onu body, tbe atruggle was for a 
limited or uu absnlute Prerogative tnthe King. Aa %a tbe banialu 
ment of the old nemlMrs, if they only tend their accounts, what 
their place* co4t them, the annnal prolitjt thf^y made of it, to be 

I examined by the Mini«tcra, after whieb to be puid their jutt duej 
they may go whithersoerer they pleave t but several are obstinate, 
and therefore remain in bantshmeni, hecause they think such a 

"eoneeasiou ia an aeknowUdgement of tb« authority of the pronent 

» 1 waji in company with tbe old Prlnt^^A Stolberg, mother to 
the CfaoraUer^s I-ody, and alao with her youngest »i»terj marfied to 




the T>iilte of Hertt-icV'ft wrontl <tont Uiey vere with the Sadiev 
de Tremoille, to vhom I had a recommcndntioa. 

"The Dauphinesfl Ia very handsome, and has gained the hairte 
of all the French ; the Coiint^.ts of Provence is very good, but of 
n serious turn of mind ; not talkative and sprightlj", like llie 
Daiiphiness. Tlie Dauphin, at present^ by the generality of ac- 
rounta is not very promiNtng. The Count d'Artois is the favounte 
of the People : they think he resemb]«ft in hia talents and dispo- 
sition Louis the Foorteenth. He is to be married next year to & 
Princess of Saxony." 

Thus far my kind Correspondent. 

Pro/eaitt/r PaUai to Sir Joseph Btinka, announeinff the tkath ^f 

[Addlt. MS. Brit, Mo*. 8094, foh 219. Orif] 

Sir, St. Pctcreburzh, I>ec- y% l/'l*. 

Tiirec different parcels, directed to you, Dr. Solander, and Mr. 
Pennant, and containing Letters, with the coutinoatton of my 
new published Quadrupeds, hnve Wen delivered several weeks ago 
at Sir James Harris's, to go hy the tiist messenger intended for 
England. But as none^ I fear, will be dispatched before the latter 
end of December. I cannot but write you this by Post, not in order 
to rcpcatj what I liuve mentioned in the letter joined to the above 
parcel, to which 1 take tlie liberty to refer, but to itiform you 
of the sad account of ('hptain Cook's misfortune, received but last 
week by the way of Kaniplskatka. Some report of hia first pas- 
sage at the Island of Uiialoshka, iii his return to the South, had 
keen published here but a short time, before a letter from Captaift 
Cook himself, and anoUier from Captain Clark his sceond, were 
delivered to Sir J. Harris. 1 have read the Extract of these dis- 



patches, from wliich I vnll ^ro you &« good an account as I can 
from memory. You will have it more full from your AJmiraltjTi 
to which the Letter!^ hmvi". bc^i^ fonvjiriled directly. 

Capbun Cook arrived on hi« pnssa^ from tlic Cape, by tho 
way uf Ihemaiv's Land and New ZeaUtid, at Otahcitee in August 
1777. He foiiiid the SpanianU liud been there twic« since his 
last VojTigc; several of tlicm even stny'd several months on the 
Island, and left some poultry and other doocstik animals, but all 
of ttiem males. Tims that supply of cattle and nhcep vhich Caj>- 
tain Cook broiigh!: ovcnwan very wcleome, Omiali nlso arrived 
in good health. 

Your brave countrymen left that Inland in Deoemher, and 
readied t{i« coast of America vihkh lieJi opposite to KamUtkatkn 
about Mnrcli 1*78, Theresa leak whteh the Resolution had sprung^ 
obliged them to lye some tune in a Bay, from whence they 
stretched alon^ tfiat const to the northward. Tliey had a full dis- 
covery of the streights between 8ibiria find America, where both 
eont«r>ents appeared very hare and flat, and the sea not very deej). 
They steered through this channel in \9S'> longitude (from the 
Greenwich meridian as I suppose) and fnund the eoast ruunirii; at 
last to the XortliHSa-st, when, under 70" 45' Intimde, instead of 
■eeing their sanguine hopes of « new pa&sage aeoomplished^ they 
were utopt by instinnnuntiibl*^ n^rk* of Ice, and olili^ed to return, 
after having found very gv-it rm-«<>i) ti> nuppoxt^ the rxisten<?e nf a 
Continent, towardn the Pole, wbiefa litopsthc Ice. Captain Cook, 
after hnring anchored at tlie Islsnd Unalashka, which he accounts 
192* 30' loiigit and 5.V 55' Int. north, and whene^^ he date* his 
iotter, resolved to return to the South, to refresh his crew and to 
look for IsUnds which ho hsd rt&fion to suppow lying to the Emit 
of ilie T. of Saiidwirh. He artUAlly diseovereil come very hivii- 
riant TsUndft, in oie of whir^hj railed in Csptam ClArk'ft letter 
0*why-hce, he Isy in s Ray, Cara-ea-coftftn^ and hsd a friendly in- 
lereourae with th« TiUnders, whoiit;e<l to receive him with n kind 
-of worship nearly due to Divinity. He msde loul from thenoft. 



wlicn liy A sudden ft<]uall the Resolution sprung hfir mixzen iDait^,j 
which obliged him to return to the sAme Bay agttn. Dnrinf tfafti 
repftir the Islanders ^ew more hold vid thievbh Uian ever, and tt 
htft made off with one of hts Boats; Captain Cook thcimjKin 
weat on shore with his Lieutenant and ten or ttrei%'e foUowers ; 
when* treating with the Chiefs the impertiaeiice of jtome Islandera 
garehim i^omuchofTcnce, th&t liel^rcdon them. In!(tead of being 
fri^htenedp the whole assembly boldly attacked and killed him, 
witli four of h)> men. Tlic Lieutenant and remaitidcrt |Mull]r 
vrounded, hardl}- escaping to their long hoat. Captain Clark, to 
whom the command devolved, not being able to take any material 
reiTngef made off for Kamlskalka, vrhere lie amvcd in March or 
April thu year, aud sailed in June on new adventures towards the 
N- K. chiefly to ascertain the number and xttuntion of o^r Aleutian 
and Fox iHlnndn. I am Rorry to give you «u bad news of that ce- 
lebrated and tiuly great Navigator, who certainly, more than any 
of his prnfeHMmi Sefnre him, i* *>ntitled to jl inomimrnt ir» Writ- 
minxter Ablirv, but whom every well wisher to knowledge wonld 
have rather congratulated with aanfe return in Knglnnd. Captain 
Clftpkj 1 hop**, nt [ will nirompliMh what Captain Cook left un* 
finiKhM, nrn\ if he is not so happy to disv^iver a paswige to Hud- 
son's BaVf he will at lea^^ by Km majM and observationa, tmpos* 
Hilence to Mr, Kngel'a impudenre, and junfify the Ituuiitn Qeo- 
graphera to Mr, EngeFs party in England, The above mentioned 
longitude of the channel betn'oen Atia and Aineriea ii eertainly 
TCTy imfarmirable to Mr. Engel's suppoaition, and agrcts tolerably 
with the Rtissiun maps. 

I beg you will communicate a eopy of this aceount to Mr- Pen- 
nant, and let him know^ that the papern and infrinnations he 
witnta, lye wind-litnind nt Sir James HarriVa, and n'ill he aeat by 
the fir*t mewengcr, tngfther willi my Book on Uuaflrupeda. Hia 
Genera ^ifttfni 1 reeeii'ed bni last week, tlio" tlie lelte;rs joined to 
the Book were of Angntt 16th and 20th. To the contents of iheke 
Letteia I will answer by the tame messenger. 



I liad iwt the Icmst account wbetlicr the Ores 1 sent in Spring 
for the Honourable ChaHes GreviOe, together with your PlaiiU. 
were received, nnd whetiier they pmrcd Agrccftblc. 1 shoald be 
extremely glmd if the Honourable Gmtlcman would gtre tlie 
Cornish or Devoashire Ores he sbould be pleased to return, to 
you, iQ order to be joined to the tliinj^a you may be fto kmd to 
itpare mc. 

I remain, with the tmest senM of respect and vincereat vmhes 
of proring any way serriceabh* to you in this Country, in baaK^ 


your mo&t obedient 
bumble servant, 

P. J. Pallas* 
Flfiaae to observe to \f r. Pennant, that the Latitude ^vat by 
Olptaiii Cook of the IsJand UnabLithkut will ne<'jesaitate a const* 
detable aheratiou in the litUe map I joined in hia parcel! of tho«e 

To Josepli Sanka^ Esq. 
President of Uie 
Rojrul Society* 
Soho Square, 
Fr. Amsterdsm. London. 


JUcAard CitmfitTtearf, E$^. to Mrs. Abrnfflon, m /A* tucctMi ^ 
one ^ Am Piays. 

(AJfit US. Brie. M«. 9S28. <H^.] 

%• Ibi* tod Hit Im Letttf^ which toUow tre wiifcotit Hitn, line tfcejr »«•! b**« 

bvM pvwMd \n or ■boat i:79. wfcen CumbprUod tjroughc out hii Oootic OpCT* •* 

*' IT* V'k4ow of Dd|iU, *r Iho Dncrut uf tb* D*iti«-" Thi. JrtBi* «• ■"** 

pHnttd. Wl r*mv«d fn^runC rvnAOu mad ocrrccCUU Ia Uic Mmioicriiil frwft lli 

CAMD. iOC- ^ ** 



Autltor, ukd WW couidend bf him. b iU bBprored ■!•«. u oo< of Ui moM duiiaJ 
hDil crodlublo pr<>ducuoiu.* 

My dcftr Matlam, Tunb. WcUs, 17th May. 

I c&rmot CKpTcss to you how kiiidly I feel your aensU^ibty 
towanlti mCf and )iow much obliged to you L ftm for both your 
Hatteriiig and consultitory letters. IF 1 shou'd dcprire myswlf of 
the Iinppincss of other favoun of the Kiinie »on by declaring to 
you that I neither do, nor c%"cr did, expchcnt^e Aoy real veiaDon 
for the treatment I have received from Mr. liarrifi, 1 iihou'd lose 
a great pleasure for a small vanity — but in truth and sincerity 1 
muHt «ay tu> treatment fr^m that party, nor any dramatic diHa|>* 
pointmcnt, can now disturb my temper, lime was (1 confess it 
to my abime} when success vas too much the object of toy 
wishes; tliat anxiety has now lost it» edge, and I take events as 
they fall without murmur or complaint, 1 enter upon ttiesc an* 
dortakin^ with hopes of so low a pitch, and with resolutions so 
well fortified againxt miKcarrtage, that 1 am never taken by >^t^ 
\}mc. But in the present caflc, what have 1 lost? how have I 
Buffered? at whnt should I repine? I have had a Piece well ap* 
prov'd, Mid you have been the aupjioitcr of its introduction^ n^pre*' 
sentation, and success. CciuM I for a moment state the cnac, 
tliat your opinion iiad fallen from mc by the cxhibitioD, that 1 
confess wouM have been a wound; but on the contrary of this, I 
hsve gained the [nost pleasing proofs of your friendship, steal, and 
affeution for my pc^ce of mind as well as credit; and the acquisi- 
tion of such a friend is more to mc tlian 1 will undertake to tcU 
you, tho' I shall not be so scrupulous in speaking of it to othera. 

1 don't wonder at Mr. ConwayS withdrawing from the flames ; 
he must liavc been a Salamai^der eou'd he have Uved in such a 
cliniste- Nuw indeed we are dropt twenty degrees ou the scale^ 
and Winter is come back again in floods of rain. 

I have the happiness to see mjr beloved wife for onwards 

■ 9«« bis Mrrnitln, irrilUn by lifiuidr 4E0. Loud, isoti, p, ?91 



' fnviknIfT a Ttcjovery^ hut alas ! I must be prcparM itsnlnst TcUpscs : 
the rest of my circle arc welU txcept my daughter Gum, who had 
^1 90 strong a cold and couglu that nhe will not venture up to 
n]x>n her sisters Weddings, both vhicb are to lake place on 
iftf next 

Farewell* m^ <luaT MaiJ^im ; need 1 say how truly I acDt what I 
shall ever esteem both n% an honi^ur imd hatpplness, 
Vour much obliged Servant, 
and very faithfol frieixi^ 

H. CuMnsRLA:?D, 
To Mrs. Abinj^ton, 

NcLCfS, l\at Mall, London, 

xtchitrJ Ctinthcrlitndi B^. to Mrs. Ahin^ton^ on the gome sttfyWt. 

[Ibid. OHg^i 

Dear MadaiHt 2Ist May. 

lahou'd make an ill return t^} your kind mid zealouH at^gotiahon, 
cnuM 1 df> otherwim; than highly &p])rove of what you hbv« done 
for the eredit of our I'lay, and heartily lli&nk ymi fcir it, 

A renovation of thi.i Comedy in luioUier Season will he the 
prohiUite consequence gf giving it anoUier Night or twu before 
this is over: such a rally wiH Iw most plwising-to me, and when 
we cump^rc our falc n-itli that of our neighbours, we have no 
pfight to oomplab, nor any eall upon m for a hlunh. Mr. 0<»n- 
way's is indited a doleful dmp of tlie curtain ; and I think Mr. 
IJaniH would hardly have told this iu ynur ear, if he h»*l nut 
nooneilM liimaclf to a fuHher arquninlRnrc with nur Widow. I 
have no kin<l of hackwsnlnefs to wnting tA him^ but, with xubmia* 
aiou tn your wivicp, 1 cannot help thinking it will bo bent fur mc 
to iKrsist in patient aileuoe and eonforouty; for wtiiUt I have 

413 tBTTe&fl or ll»INB!«T LITKRARY MEN. 

such ft rriend to ftct for mei whj shodd I put in my oar? 1 Mtal) 
be in Town next w€ck, ftnd will Attend ycur Exhibition bs 1 
ho|>c ; 1 h&VG only to wish that the House will have so much con- 
mdcTfition for me as to quit tlie Play with ft short paragraph, 
which wiU cost them nothings and may rencuc it from the iltn^tur'd 
ooncluiiicinH of such Ncwsp&per malice as tlic World Mid other 
public Prints of the day are too ready to announce, when n Play 
is laid adde for the season. 

1 liltJe doubt your nuking a revpectable stand with 
After-pieces to uphold you, 

1 anil dear Madam, your moat faithful 

and obedient Senran^ 



[Ibid. OHg.] 
_ „ , Tnnbridgc Well-, 

DwMftduD, Sunday Noon- 

I thank you for the kind favor of your Letter, and I flatter 
iny^lf wc shall now renew our dnunatic friendship and connec- 
tion with mutual sntUfactioti and pleasure* t have reformed the 
passages you poiT»t«d out, and since I have been here have written 
a i^logue, which (x>ntents me machj and an Epilogue for you, 
which does not so eaftiiy satisfy my ambition of doing something 
not unworthy of the elegant ReprosentatiTe. However, we will 
sit in equal and strict judgement upon it 

The Time I own b pressing, and the man 1 also own is preca- 
riotu-^Yet under the shelter of your nhi^^W— I defy au^ries. I 
submit to you, if it may not be proper l^* let Mr. ilarris know Wis 
author^ and if he will meet me on Tuesday night (the day after 



ytyj. rtccivr tfU), a^id you will let us acttl<^ our business ovcrtt 
Cup of your Tea (nhouhl il l>e coiivertieiit to you and your engage- 
ments), t)ie busineu cnight bo pat in train, and tlie Copy deli- 
Tercd to tlie trariscrilKT. 

I fiactcr myself we shall be socccsrfull; and as wc started with 
the Bishop's blessing, we sbiU plead benefit crf denf)* in arrest of 
L|odgenient. Recollect, my dear MadAin, that the Piny ih ^it up 
irith no otbcr difficulty thm that arises from tlic long and laborious 
port of the Widow, and that will be in the bands of a Lady, who, 
vhatever you may have to say in tlie ca^, is, in my opinion of 
persons, the very lirat ornament of the English stage, and that in 
I a period when it abounds with Genius. 

I have the honour to be that Lady's 
moat devoted Old Foet 
and obli^d humble servant, 



The Ahb^. Theodnrft Auffyatus Menn to Sir Jmrjih hanks. No- 
iiecM the death of (he Abb6 Nefdham. Give9 on Account of his 
«rft Htcrary and gcient^fic purtuitt. Procurts a French transta- 
lim to be printed ^ Dt^n Tucker's Letters, *' Cui bono." 

[\dtlit. MB. BrU, Muj. 005J, fol. 95. Ori^.] 

•,• TheodcnAusKiHB Msnn. bcticf known la hii diy b^ tb* appfltation of the Abb* 
Mwn, k itfllpd lu tlin Ilii-fTBiiliU Uoitcradte to lii¥c been « ntUve of Aiuirlfta 
rUn^lvn, bom Ahovi 1'40. Uui, from bis omu jupen* tbrou^^U Ihc meJiuu iff iJia 
•i«ut Elofff proouuDCfit u|wo bin bj tU Uaron 6« Kdfftnb«s biAw* the Rflful 
AondoDjtf SiicnGCiaCBrutfct]>io1H30,vcle4raUiHtlj«iruHn HngH^hami, born la 
TorlcahiR, Juie SZ, 173^, of paronU li^hlj ntpccuhu but in nodento drcumiUfittt. 
Ilia rulKi, mhv no • luj nr<«jor, gavs him tlict bcil pOucalloa which a frvtindit 
■chod «ff«4sd, ud ha niaJ* ■ n|iid fro^nm bol lbIj m titvck uid LaUh. but in 
iMUuaalk«iadaitr»vca]rjMknca«Udkth*bU«luia«df adAii^ Um pafvuu 



4f«1ped Ed fit him. 4t nn tm\y Rfc. in a profctaion, «nd irilli Uukt ^tw lerflnl lim In 
London, but be had iti^bibeit *a »1rong a fi»rc of philuopliji^ ctodf that he cocjU not 
Ot<r-m]v hh AitVikt to that mtrunt irhioh the nccouful pUTKUit vt An; prafcuhia 
ntul Impotr. Ilv abuticainc urucliluiJ la hli tfiiitU of rcllffon: Rmlrdrms ojipoickt 
14 bl* f4lboT*i «lBb«a bi riE> many rckpaa(a» be» »t U>l. tvialvfJ lo <^il bli pironrB And 

Ui oouoUy, ami tovunj the cad of I'H proceeded l» the ContintnL 11« Arvt tiiiie^ 
Porii. Hern, jicnusdjiig bimMlf that truth re«t«iliiHth Uia Roman Catbotlc rtliflon, h« 
nadehU abjurattoaof ]iroir«untJ«ED, M«r4th, ITS^. War b/vtklng oat with EaEland 
hi tLfl inruo jFur, he <ta]l(cil France, and wenc lo Sp«1ni (arTrlni; Irttvrt of [ntroduo- 
tioa io t>i>& Ri<iird« Wall, the talnlttflr for foreign affairs, and to t)i* Cnunt Amniia- 
Vall loclgad hhn in hii o«ii hoaie. obtain^ a peaiion for bttn from tbe King, and pn>* 
cond Liai t romntbaioD In 1^« Jragoc»n rtEimrul of the Conat CAIpJiodJi tbea 
qnutervd «lCalalafoa>in Arra^n. Muin anon found Khat. aeoMicr's lif« waa nnauitcd 
na biui. a(ulu4^ tumed bia Uiua^hU tn mcjnaiitic ti^iiixmeit. Aftdr«^4r*a ctiDtidara- 
boD. he travfinril Frant^ ti> plm^r hinmtiir in Iho f!hiirtr#uaR at Nifvpnn, thr attlf 
Engluh llouic oftbat Order, lie it»ircd brfti bovc^cr* to talto IcaTtof hb f4inU7* but 
hU Lcb«r rvfowd toMtiEiim, aadafh-rright^n iDODths of fruitkat rlTortfur a rrcoodlia- 
tlon, be bactttiL- pruroHod. Hire ha |iLir«uod hU literary and j^hUoaopblirtl larcatlgi- 

tioas to admnta^, aqJ Eq 1TG4 woa aiadfl Prior of hla ItouH- 

On the Qfcwlnn of Joseph 11- the Abb^ Mnnn nai propuB^ far the biiboprick of 
ADt«vip» Ibi^n tuctknX ; and (b<i cE>adjutorthJp of tlic hiahopric of Quoboo vxt at the 
mne time ofc^red to him bjr the Riigb^ minlnlcr <l the llixgae. At tcnglh la October 
HTGt the PriQOC dc Status rttbcrs, tbc Kmperor'a Uinlst«r plcnlpotontiBrj et Unuidlir 
propoacJ tft Iranafcr hiia (v that Towd, in ibc Emperor'i iHiiJoa, aa n Mbilalcr 
of Public laitructlan. Tbn fear of ibe cKmattof Canada, and the proBprcl of cmi 
htcrarjr tniurr, d^dicd biio for thii Uttcv ■fipointmml ; an annual luc^md of if4(KI 
florioa vai oit^^ncd to hiuif jatA Cariliiul Ileruiif tbo Auatrlan ml&isttr at Eoma, 
ubtalneil f<rr blrn a boll of iiFColari»>tion, vlth a p<TiniailoD to hold bonoAor^, Tlie 
Abh^ Mann i|ultt*d iba ChurlrfUim in July 17*7* uid wiu nlmi^ct immfidlatfly mnde a 
liret>eiidary of iLif Church (if Courtral. «iEiioiit ranidmc^c lo November ohhe aame 
jeer he wna tent by tiio Prince da Slahrembcrg to Loadort to cxunioc Iho nnoa 
Utvntcd hj H^Hlej ood Lord Mahon for pi^ierriog buildiofa from fire, nd oo Ma 
fflium wrote a Memoir oa ibe nifajtct vUdi waa pebllabed. In I7S1 he iroj «licuf*d 
to oumlbd thu atat^el (ha ooAat of PUndc<r» with aW«w tolbaopaulng of a fiihiof j«rt 
at BtBukaoberg;, and hU Memoir on tliia lobject waa prcMoiftl ta thu Emperor. In 
tho fua« jeer ht mndortook MTpr*! rUmeaterf *vrWa for the nae of the SehooU In 
Bdgkuii aDd in ITSS te ntiNcd hiit " Rcflcaioaa inr la Dbdpfine EfdoelutiqWt" ia 
n4finiio« to the Ueiflui Churelii addia|- aouw rvnivki ajKfu the thaafc* (TooLcuifdeM 
br JoMph II. 

Intcnn atad j heid iqjvnd the Abb^'a beelth et on rarl j period of Uf lift* md ooa- 
fcmid fout appeared \m hU ooulitatloii In n€J : but from KTS lU aCtsAi ked b«ci] 
Icwaed bj the nee of bemlock vtd aconite, nblck bobed beeo alncnt the Ant bi um 
U the Nethcrliila, awl be |iubU^ied hta ei|wteMO oftlislr cObtta In ITH. Ia Oia 

t.»rr&R« or bui^^&nt LircBAiiy min. 


few dM h« hid p«mlMion to ■ccovpanx tbt Dondo Buca, ftrdibbhop oTEinflvat 
■lUrvttdi i^vr-mor ot Rom« vod CirUiDid, in » tour through PrtnM, SirlCMrluid, Bni 
Gomu&ji •^unoy *tikh fumiilicil him «Uh ihc malerlaJft of ■wcnJ Memoir* «ft*r- 

TIk EmpvDor wuldiiff to nUbliah a aatloMl Fbtery b the Adrutio. tie Atibf viv 
oomvlnioiud to pnpftTp > Report wbiob tbonld c^>TDpriio «L1 tht dvtul* ucnMarr far ltd 
(fliftbliiluneiit and rpsulatioa ; tbU be llrndked la the fDmraer at I7^(i. In Oie aumiun 
of Ljftfl alsD, M. Dn tUicbathv fjcrpdual !^«cn-U'y oftha Andruij i>f BnimcU bring 
ciUnl >a Vienna, tb* AhU^ Mann va* >|ipi»inlik! ta AKiumn (hit fnucticnk uf hi« nf^rv, 
to wblcb, upon M. Dci Rocbc*i dc4th« he wu lOOn nftcr appolntc^p nni in the Mma 
fHr (oob apoQ Mm the trrofiucrihip of tlo Acadcmj, xuatad bj the d«fttb of tbd 
Coml* 6t Fniila. 

lu ITBS iIme Ahhi M«uu becittie a uciubcr of Uie Rarnl Sucictj uf Lundna, an 
haodar vbk h be bad lang 4ui»d» tnd vhifh, u a tclcntil^fl noan, he cooftLdered on* of 
|h« |i«alat of bii Ufe« 

Tbc Bflvuliiltua of Brabsnl » (ha monlU of Dccevbcr 178^ gAto ft aad (iint to the 
Abbv'i fortaoFd. The Auttrian troop* eracDillcil UrutiLtfUi»,aud Mtoa rvmuneil tiicoiu 
Kant /far of ill vu^ fnuQ (ba LuiuffinU- TliQ Cnnuiu of Couilni I90, prrtondia^ that 
hi* LrltcTt of ditpttuAljtyn had 1>roomtf noU by tbo cbanfs of tho fnvaniin^or, obli^fd 
Jum to Krii1< : though he wai afmirtrdi pcrmltlcd by tbc Stale* to rctam to Bnu* 
•db. tad w«* etaplof«d in twimu Comoifvioii*- 

Tbc Ff^ni^i iiiTa«&oa bi IJJH ^pia 4Iitarb«d Uv : ho wtnt Am l« Mioitnchi, and 
afWnrardit, tu mU La more particuliiflf wm in OiVO of ble iMtara, eieovaiiAnlcd hia 
fiiond LonI Elcin. thun tbfl £uElL«h aiiniitcr at Sroawlla. EoEaflaad. 

On the n-otabliitunent gf the AiutrUo {OTCramoot id VO^ bo TctnTocd to Bnu* 
•dU tod raiomoi hit functlan*, till thoFrenob oblijcedhtm to quit BnuceiU for tb« last 
time in Juiu 1 7^1, ia com pauy vltti hi* ftlcoJ M. Fodatiii, After rvildlnf a ibort 
Ubi4 al vtriouitovju, the; icrtlciT at LLntL la ih* moath of A|>rtl 1797, bo«r<Teri 
the French beritg pooctnifd into Stjrla, ihtj were obUveil to rrttro into BobemiA. 
ind came to Pr«i|;U0r vbore the Xhhi^ foand hU frkod (h( Trtnct do Safan on (ho 
■rcbicMopd icatt by wUoin ho mu rcc«it«d irilh evErj mark of caievot tad alFoi^Hoii, 
Here bo [vaumol till Utamrr Ltjuuni, «ad pvUiibcd wluc Jioln aa tbv ■Kriuullurcof 
tba KvUiorlatxda for lb* Briiiih Agrffliltnnl SoeSttj, of wlilt-U Ln ha<l Twn modo ui 
honoforj fouikber In i;^. Urn, alio, for bii ■mucmeat, be coiapiLod k '* Table 
ChMQologiqae de Vllbeorie Uni««rMlle» dfpolv lo Coqimacemoat d« rAaa6o 1700^ 
jaa^n'fc lacoodoeiofl do U Pi&i fHi&nlc m IMNI,^ in whiok joar it «» praUed at 
Dr«*dta. Tho Abb« <ollcctc4 nattruJt foi eootbiatnf it iu 1607. Tiv» jptot itiU hnag 
apoobioi.aod hU Utter yoiri were only a omtnuitioD of pain homo suh ptlltnoe aad 
iratptlinn 1 hr 1tr< iT Pnfiu Februarf ^, 1«tUS< Madeiui^bcUe fodefin. ibci&MM- 
of faia frknd. ata the kgalcc of bU Mutunr-riiiLa, from Notcv etinrted from «hieb tbtt 
J3aroD de Kfiiftnbrfi *■■ enalUodto couplcto tl^c tiiogr viuob baa liooa Iho baaiatfl 
4a proatmt hbriJ^^d io<ia«ir. 

AoonplataaodidaboraUCataiflfHOof IbrAbb^'aWtilfnga. "&rrlfUA. Uaoo.lav 



ineJiu qiuu> taiT>i%>«.*' from I'M toiaoG, vlUbfl faood at thetvd of tbe ElOf^iU 
n^y mentioDcd. Auungit Ihrm Ut TLrinui iritniilic Mf muirvt coaDWik«tcd to tba 
lb>ftt Sodctf. To tba l^ocittr uf AalitjUKnr* of Uiudoo, of whli^ tie iKicaino Ui 
Itoiiorsrj (D«iulHr m tT93> be <iimJiiu(]it.-Alf(l l«u MciEKiifi priutnl Eb iho I3tb wI»d* 
nf thiT Arc1itK)1i>^. one **i l1(«cr1];>tUn of vhal If catJrd n Rnmnn Ctinp in W»t« 
pbalia/' thcothoT. " A ihorl Chronoki^al Aocouot of 1h« RviijEiou E*Cabli*hxncnU 
mm)* by Entlinb CutholicB (in tb« Conliiiont or KurO|W-" 

U IT»i^ tbc Abb« pubuihffd ' Abrfg^ dr r iiucoin- Ked^lftsuqve.Dvlk, et NnUutlto 

ilo U VUe do BniicUotp *t ■» GntvaH/' in i i^ol. B°, 

The AbW Mftnn't «nl Lrttv to fil« Joupb B*akt ^nmuA In Um Brid«h VnflA 
b ditod Jan. 30th ITTB. 

In a Let Ur June £0, iTTfl, ho isfi, " Ve fatTo hnrd much hn of jour MMaf mI 
tJlar^-ni/ioii Dit/rbtt, but (loD^Xcd ooi thut Iho aharp-cmilUo* wire Id the right. Wo 
uviert occupi«il *it<l dJviJed ii|H)a Medical Ktrtirtfily j mtaj vill hiv« ^l hd ioftUbl* 
CUT* for mAQj iocurEiblfl diitcmpcri, al Icait such u were toDj: judged to bo tO« 
Othen prvtond tb«t it ts liU; b> klU mon than it irtll cure. Othvfni n^io, imohff 
whotn 1 rockun injKlf, Iiiiji|:hw that much fOOfl may coiao of ii, if iinj^rArty applied tn 
cvrUln ca>c*t ami raacli barm If appUoi at nuJoui. ot II !■ dutic t( i^rroent* 

»• M- \b ^^Ro■t P»^« h» found lOBetklng tilie tli# pUlumphcr'i alon«, alio* h« 
prrtcnda to bricj^ tbroeor four vancfla of pare ffold from a bundniWirdehlof jfardfv 
nrtL 1 c|tu:«Cioo, hoWDTOr, if tho diacoTcry will prof « balf to hicntlvf ai plullug 
p«aa> bH&a, cabba^, &o> Much honour, hotrevefi to thia philoaophioal age «hidt 
can bring gold out of gardrn earth cith«nviaa than bj cultiTaUon. ud ■rhkb«an 
Dukp at] ktnda ft pr*cicua «tfrnM, hj th^ nmna of fiifd vtr 1" 

Id anotlKirfnimBniatelli, N£>T. ^, 1779. " Dear tiir, I iotoadftd Muwcrtng roar 
kind favoar of Augnit LTTl*. but hate been prevrtiCe^i for vome dmobf n cntl tltairk 
of nij old companioa the goutp from ntiich 1 am but rvco^nag, toJ unuHUln yd 
*hclhcr a bC* on-*M majr aol laj inc ipra^Upg acaLo, u often cmmgli bjpproA lO ino. 

*■ Aa wreml pieooi of niuo are printed orf, Iho'BOt fot poUbhrsI, I wilt Hfid joa a 
eopT of tub by tbe rory Arat occaaion that oflen. bcgS^^t |0v>' ^^^^ acceptance, and 
■ban ba happy if you And any tiling la thna «orth tlie p«^ of the pcnual. H Ucalth 
and Maaro wootd permit, 1 had Armly propoaad dodleitUig til tkia winUt to ronring, 
tfOTTMllngi and putting Ihalart hand to HWork whcmin I voiked icriouatf byinterralj 
iVom I7CV to 1774^ Since 74 I bare laid it by to cooL and ripon, aoeordkg to Ilorwa'i 

"ThclBthof Utt nonlh. atwo ar« iaforoifd by Frfikce GdlUilat Buiiu Amh«* 
tador at tho Hague, wa« made pubUcklj an eipvnmenl of as InoQBbutAlf Hohm^ con- 

■ttaolad after tha cAalbtil prapotad by Lurl Mb1i«q, tod w^^mof 1 bad gW«a an ■a- 
count lntw« piccea vU^h had bteo aort tbore laat wiater. Tbia eiporimtst bat iW< 
tetAcA beyond cipfctation : although tho wooden bolUing «ia flUod wllUnirUh ^< 
Tood. and ibo oqttlde thereof mrrDaQdad u^ oovcnd by Iho nma, «hkh bciac *et ok 
tn proUuceil a daiuo to iloleoi that ttia apecrtaton could nm approach vlllda a hun« 
dm] pacaa d" it, jat Ihf aaU MUlng ■«■ fi>asd wioU and IntHt after tho fin waa ovfr. 



Bm IUi i« proWlilf BO Nctm to fotr. ■* th« Drvrriprion of Ibv vtid« fi^xa Prtentmrefj 
Ja dadbttm [« r^i"' publick piprn, u it ii aUr^idy la llicic iff Hallaad an J th«i« Low 

la wtotlitr LeHpr, Bnu*o1I«t Dw^ >1l, 1779- " I «*nicfillj witli jour Vnimwr»«i 
Mfvrwrr miy be pcrfetttrj anc! m*'*-t wi(h nirrr.»< 1 luivn ju*I irh<n to our Acutcnij Of 
Sdcnoca ft ootopletv S^t uf Ttblpi of Montyt, WcigUu, aqi] M'unrri, uuitot anil 
modern, of kU (nuljog N*1ioo» af the Wiiild, coLI(-rl«iJ fniin th« Ust of wlialcvw Jiu 
bcvB ghon on Iho itulijcct In Uf Lan^i^c^ u fU «i li confl to my koawlnlge, Tbo 
MHn[>ariD; k!J IIiam AuMior* loji*!)*'^, nf^jthinn titpir n*poi^tiv* ■nrhonlifs. rtttumng 
tbcTftblci ta« form ih^l najr mnJiv ihim ofrajf uiil UDivECialuAi in vvuy cuuDtnr, hM 
b«eii ■ oiovl lobodoiu tuk, Tlirao Tibic* an^ frfionlctl bjr ftn E>Mf eoa<crfiinf in 
UnirvTuI SUadardof Welgbt* aad Mi^tunrr*. miii] r»|ie-cEttiy of tbai which fdu bivo 
no* iu limiii], utd yihkh 1 IibJ ihf nm Idim of fiom j'oQi Lrttcr, ditod lOlb v( Mny 
Ual. whic^h 1 htvp lakrn ibr hh^rtj to tHo in mj piprip. 

" I mentioned tomcEhinc t^ you in a furmKr LrlCcr thai I viu pattlo| tb« lii«t hind 
lo A Worh which hu ciil in« a crf«t min; jmn Ljibour ind tpfjUcalioD, haling begun 
it in ITfi'f- It In howfrcr fv (roni TaJumlnoUi, In propotllon in thv timp ai>d Ubour 
tpani ujion it, bi ll vilf nor mcffd our Qwflrtf<> Vslrtmt. I romponod 1hi< Wo'k lo 
F^fnrh, inri jiiM|tOHi1 puMUhinf it in llmt Ikn^run^ \ I bnvfi ■ntuoll; brf uii f oiiyiiif U 
ojvt f'Or Ihn prrxii Ibervin, biil am itopt by ■ coniidcratioa ubich juu Toay loairr ctfa- 
mTc tbui 1 exprriL *Tii Iliii- My Wurk, Ihu' vliuLly philoftDphicaJ , And » much 
rvptfdiof Xtlural riiiloiophy m all iU brandiffv, BElhf more tprculalii* cud abstrwctvd 
parta Uicroof. «ertaLuly coutkist ■ frtmt many thingv tlial arp avw ; vicn and rortir- 
fa fta o t i tJiat |>«fbapi vera n«rir ibootht of before (escuHT fur ■ morornt Ibii ajifvrmt 
mrity). *nd ahevf connectiom of Iblagi which 1 l1«Ctcf ioj»c1f will Ibrow ncn ligbu 
DTiOD arrcnd hnncbet of our knowlcdj^r^ Noa, Sir, t live in a Country vhm giMd 
PhUtmoitby \« tttll Ed iEt t(railitit'Mrlnj[i, ffhcre eirrrr Lliinf tbal is new, ti *UBpeeied of 
Uvrewy* of Alhciam, StC. &a. ajtil tbo* I am con^cioiu of hating asid nnLhin^ ibat «ti!l 
fftvr hurt tbe esnae of eitbor Rf-liKioD, Morality, or ifoorl fjavcrunieot, y«l am I nut 
<«rttin of «an|iMif llif crxaurr of a act of ixeoruit, Uot-hiTadfid, riilhoakastic DiiiOfOf 
merely beoatiu I My what tljcy neiet beard of btforr. Tbla you •HI eaaily concPWo 
k a ifelkate pointy tiow. If 1 waa aure Oiai I could mecic niiU h £0<hd occiuiuii nf 
priatLBg niy Work in ].nndon, inataad of vrMing it oh* tn Frfn^-b, t mnuld liiru it iiila 

Eojifiih and leird il Ibiibrr^ Yon' frkmliMp for mo tnhardcon me tu hig your adnce 
on Ibis boad ; I ahall ntecco it a moal aingular fatouT." 

UruaMUa, July 44, V^O. " Wc hnc cotlunjc ii<iw hcrv In Ibe line of NatunI Hfa< 
Voay akil l^ileaejthy- Medi«l ElectHuity U proj'OBCd vtich cntLiuaidam by mmc 
(amonEil «bom U Thir. Needhamj. aa ■ apeeil^C lo air« erery dU^nkr wliar* Itie 
ncfvoiu ayitam » alUckl, aoJ ii » hotJy opjioacd by olbrra. Mr. Xf^dbun baa Wu 
Iwf Uvwinf ^ '^■^ ^ en|[a|e tlio 6oT«r«o*Dl h#re to a«t up a puldick Room Tor 
Mft^eU ElcGtndly ; in whith aomo appccbmd ttey voold kllJ aa veil aa cuir^ Ilia 
arvcr-^eu^^ Afiiwii^ ia n*w aonpiod on « ftilvar or LMd-witv, ur ^(li. whieh lie 
CAU0. KOC* 3 II 


VKTT^Mm or UMMTimsrr brrsmAVT mmat* 

^ MtbMi 

iktpaw7MlMiMMr<M^»fcrfiB^bK-tohHebatoa, mkU-^mjmf 

Dear Sir, BnixfUes, March 2Clh, 1782. 

Nothing could pouibly ^re me % more sitK^ere and heart-felt 
pfeftinifT than Uie tvonmir nf hearing from you : it U I that have 
eauHe to boast f-rcry time 1 receive it. If the few of import uni ng 
yoQ with triSea did not prevent me, I ahonid e«Ttainly troahleyoQ 
oftencrtlian 1 do- In my retirement, wbJeh is ^eater than erer 
■inee Mr. Necdbam^a dc«th, what cm 1 have to eommunrai^ that 
h worthy yonr notice ? My old and d*aj friend's health had d^ 
dinejl for a year and half before his death, which happened De- 
e«mber the 30th, 1 JWl . The d("("Unc of hia memory and pr&^mce 
of mind was atill mort rsihlc than that of hia health. He died of 
a dropsy in hi» hreani, in the 6*ith of hit age, bring }»nm 
in London, S^'iit H>, 1713. Hii uprightness and goodness of 
heart were the courcef of the grcatrat hlemuhes he had, I mean 
tbote of being too credotous^ and too caaily the dupe at the de- 
sii^ingpart of mankind. I felt tlie ^eparatinn moftt nrnMhly. T 
vaa elurged hy our Academy to give a abort aecoant of hia life 
and wridnK^r to he printed in the fourth Tolume of our Memoira, 
whu'h wc nrp now preparing for tbe preaa.(*) 

• Tlko Atfb^Mina, iDthefMrthTOlamiicir tT»iMrmnifinnVritniit<ynjof Rniwtni. 
4t»- nea. p- Kuil — lU. prinUd a akott ttU ef hu friaail, Mluwvi by * tatmoH lUt of 
U> wntinn- tte AbM Jolm TarbtrrOe NccJkw wm§ vcU k»»«D t« Ac Cmthaiit 
EsflUif tniJ laMrUvrdKj>(l7frl~i:^)ludbe»UetnTclfiQffprtaiptort#Mf«nl 
rov^faOkvaor lUtlafiU«d teotfitsla E^ifad. lt« mM^ oiuiMnbl bmn 
wftb ib« Earl df na^y, «Uh Mf . llovBrt of Co*;, Lot! 0«mMM««B. Bdr. TffVMlcr. 
■Dil Mr, DflliA. 

MlTTRnS Ol* BMtNKNT t.|T«llAtiy U&N. 


BmuIc^ throe lon^ mi'm«rtrs of mine, which Arc to enUr inlo 
UiU fuurLti voJuiin*, 1 have gut sucli a stock of otiicrs before me, 
that I propoftc maktni; a scpanntc volume of them [same form and 
type of those of our Academy) aa soon uh i ran ^nd leisure to put 
tiie lust hand t4) them, to fit them for th^ IVe»K. 

The imperfect Collcctiuii whieh Mr. Butler presented to yoit, 
vaa not worthy your acceptance. 

I bare t>een closely occut>]ed, all tlib irintcr, in compoRlnt^, by 
orders of Govenmientt different Klemcntaiy Works destined 
tor t]*c Public Instruction in the Austrian Netherlands. The 
principal thereof im a Trcntise of Morality in all it^t imru, dc* 
duced from the law of Nature independently of all reverded 

I ajn, my dear Sir, iu your debt this long tin)e |>a«t for tlie 25 
copies of my TreatSae on Uircrs and Canals, which you sent mc 
o\'er. I chargi-d Mr. Mn;;ellan, in his return to Eiij;land last 
I ummert to pay whatever was due. At hift return hither, in tlte 
lH.<^ining of October, he told me that you was out of town during 
hia stay in London, but that he had been at M^ Nicholsi, IVinter 
to the Koyal Society, who said that you had discharged wlmt was 
due to him. Mn Magellan has cliar^'d himself anew, by my 
desire, to pay you this debt. lie laughed when I put the quesuoa 
to him, whether or no he wan j^oin^ to settle in BruxcUes, :tnd bid 
mc assure you that he was not, and that he shtiulil very Houn pay 
you his respcctA in Londotii I bcJievc he intends setting off from 
hence in a few tlays, in company with the Arcinbirg family^ who 
are upon the point of makintc n tour to Kn;;land; tJie Duke, 
bljnded by an unlucky shotof 8ir WilLim Gordon, bin Dutchess, 
daughter to Count Lauragaiti, a most amiable person^ and the 
Dutchess Dow&^r,of theSorerai^ family of La Marck, esteemed 
the most accomplished lady of the Low-Countrieai and heretofore 
tlte most beautiful; s!ic is now on the verge of fifty, and hatKl" 
flome still 

Mr. llcrscbcr.s discoveries iutercstall Europe. They cause as 



CDUdi sensalion on tlie ContifHMiC >s vith you. So QQCommrm » 
gCniuv cttinot ^ tnecbnc; with encouragement in »o pablick 
spintcd X cout^try aa Kngland. 

Mr. Magellan <^m€ !■> loe % few voeks ago, in great ooneem and 
uiiiely at>out a house near Norwidi, vtruck by Lightning, although 
nnncd with coTiductors. lie is afraid Mr. Benjamin Wtlxon (agftinst 
wlioRi^ an <jftc» ati named, large cxpltwionn of Portuguese fire are 
toulcr) vrill draw favotirablc consequences from it in faroiir of 
blunt-cDded eon^iuctors. 

We have much talk here of a Peace being at hand between^ 
Great Britain and FnLnce : I winh with all my hfart it nmy (w so* ■ 
At t))t^ dcHtrc of Mr. Fitz 'Herbert, British Minister at thia Courts 
1 Have just got a French trauKktion of Dean Tucker'* Irftters Cut 
tojto priiiti'd. In reading <'vc-r tlie siieet^t as they came from the 
prcaa, I could not help being of the good Dean's opinion, m, 
that there is notliing good to be gained f*jr any of the contend- 
ing parties, whatever nuiy be their aucceaa in the present unkappy 
conteait. However, the old Proverb \% veriried with us in ti>c Low 
Countries^ that it Is a had win<] that blows nobody uiood. Hii 
rupture with France, and above nil with Holland, hajt thrown such' 
a flow oF Commerce into this Country as lias not been known for 
above a ocntury past. All possible means are taking to fijt it 

Permit me to be, with every sentiment of rcsjiect 

and attachment which a sensible heart can expresa, 

Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient 
and devoted bumUc iterrant, 

T, A. Mann, 


SJir JowpU Banks, Bar<. 
IVesident of tlie Royal Society, &c. 





TV Ab6^ Mann to Sir Joseph Banh, MisrtUaneoHM i^forwation^ 
Jtf. tU itondem. 'JTte Academy ^ Stietuxt al Bru99tUs. The 
CAfvaiier Unnam- 

£AdAt* HS. BrU. »us. aonb, M. yj. Onfi.J 

Bnixelles, ^'ov, 25th, 1785- 
Morh hon*l And dear Sir, 

I have deferred too long returning yon my thanlui for your 
Lifid favour of Ai>g> Hth hy Dr. Bro«s«onfC> luid for ttuit of U>e 
20Ui of Ut4^ Bfline TUfinth. My incessant oc^ipntion* hc^vr^. 1i<vn 
thf? cnufte of it. Our Sovereign Mitst«r cnts ont work enough to 
employ hi« jirrvanU from the hi^hfst to ihe Io\^«t, and fir thU 
year past I have hftd a euJ^cient share of it, end of a very diflerent 
nature from Aoadomicol pur^tuits, to whieh 1 hope now to return 

! wsa greatly pU'AficcI with Dr. Brouft^onet, and much ohliji^ed to 
you. dear Sir, for procuring mo hin nrqnaintnnnr. 1 procured him 
the ftl^ht of nil thnl me.ntrd h» aCtcntirtn here, ax fur at it lay in 
mypovfcr; nnd shall alw«yi do it wiUi the greatest picamre to 
every oi>e who comcft with h word from you. I brought Or. 
BroimDn€t Arquainted with M- du Rondeau, a Member of our 
AoMlemy of Sf^ietire^r And one of our ablest Naturaliats. lie is 
ptrticutarly nddictcd to Ichthyology, and has formed a |ilan of 
examining nil the Europcsin Myas, and folUtwtiuc all the coasts 
from Nova-Zembla into the Black-Sea, dcssignlng, painting, 
(fisMCtJng, and deftcnbing every F^sh, Maiinc-plant, Shell, &c. to 
be met with. Thia undrrlaking ha» l>ren proposed here, but it is 
not tlie work of one Government, and still lc!»» of oiie NntunlivU 

Thr infurmations you have been lo kind as to give me conccm- 
hig Mr. Ilentchers improvements on the Telescope, and hia 
Astronomieal Disroveries ihrrcwitli, were botli interesting and 
iiM^ul to tne ill the highest degree. I had the honour of rcuduig 



a Paper On the Progress ttf Notural Seientea, .it bti KKtnu>nlm«ry 
As&embly of our Arvult^my this Summer, which vrskx honotirrd 
with Ihc piywcfioc of the Arrhdutchejt^ aricl Diiliir of SaxcvTcBchert, 
our Grtvfmor general, toj^her with the Orand-Duke *inrl (>nind- 
Dutt^he^ of Hu*t*iia« In thin Piece, which wa* cnmpoKril }>y ordrr, 
expressly for \}\c oc^cbkioh^ the rfifFi^rcnt infonnntionB ! h*fi raceivcd 
from you, made one of the mont interesting parts. The provision 
whioh the King has mule for Mr. HerAchel doea honour both to 
Mil Majesty and the Xstioii, 1 expect great etfec:^ and din- 
ooTcries, on the ealcitution of hothen, from Mr. Pnrker^s extrft* 
ordinnry Lens. 

We are beginning to print ^e Fourth Volume of Memoim of 
our Academy. It contains sonie invextigntionii of the Ute Mr. 
Xeedham ocneerning Ricctricity, and of mine on Aerial or Atmoft* 
phertG Tiflea ; besides which I have a ^reat deal in it on the 
Xaturnl History, Culture, See. of Flanderii. 1 am going to give 
something on the Natural History of the KnTimnw of Bruxellea, 
But of all these I shall take the liberty of writing to you again. 
Ton will find in the £ame Volume some interesting improrementa 
in the Analysis of Animnl and Vr.gctnhlc «nh*Jtftnce*, whioh throw 
fi new light on the tcconomy of Nature in organiKcd bottie* : they 
have be«« made by our Professor of Chemistry Van Bocklunter 
and ar<* well worth Dr. Pricr'a method of making Gold by the 
Powder of projection. I read with astonishment thf? Doctor's 
singular Pa|ter on that scubject, and am g^erauaded that h« bad no 
Gold but what he put in amongHt his mati'riaU; as was M. 
SugeN e«8C, when he ]*retended, nomo ycstrs ago, to draw (inld 
fmm garden earth- 

The Chevalier Linnicus called upon me a few weeks ago; Imt 
he was in nuch a hurry to get back to U(ualf that I could not 
cngngi^ him to stay one single day in Bm<ellea. He w«s in 
raptuT«s with London, and as mudi disgusted with Paria, where 
the learned are too full of themselves and of eontempt of others, 
to gain thcr esteem of those of other Nations. Tbcy desjuse* ho 


aiy». Dr. Broo««onet, their own oountrymitii, because he his tlu 
ill-tiute to pnfvt Loudon to Puris. 

1 thotild ctt^^i it m Happy moment lo ice London onn; more, 
nnd Tittk A little more leisure than thff \a%l Cimt^; fmt At pro^cnt I 
Ctn »ee no prospect of it, I know no gnwitrsr plejusurrr on nirth, 
tlmn that of cnj<iyiiig vometimos yonr comp«Tiy> nnd that of your 
lennwcl Socitty. T rcmnin, with e\'ery tentimcnt of respectful 

Ilon'^ flnd dor ftir, 

your moflt ohedient. 

And very bmnhle Senntnt, 

T. A. Makv. 
To Sir Jo^ph Bftnk«, Bur*. 
Pteiiid*-of the Royal Soriety^ 



Dr, B^mJfiMtM F)ranklin to Sir Jo»tph Iktnh ; On iht tftum of 
Pearf, ForeleUi the rapid profpress now to he fo^pettfd «/ 
Scimce. RtgreU he xhail not hare the hajipiaeti ^ htGwtNff 
icAol wiii be huiwn a huTuInd yearn hmce. 

[i^ldiL \\S. Brit. Mm. m^h, fbL 176. CMtJ 
Bwir Sir, Pit»i?sy, July 2?, 17#^- 

I rcceired your vtry kind letter by Dr, BLa^den. and esiteem 
myself mu<<ii honoured by y£>ur friendly remembrance. 1 havo 
beeA too much and too cloM^ly cngng'd in public sfTnirs since hia 
being here, to enjoy tX\ the benefit of his converaatioti you were ko 
good as to intend ine, 1 bfipr ftooti U% hftve more leiMtirr, nnd to 
ifkend & part of it in thcMe studies that are much more agrecoblo 
to rae than pnlitieat opcratloni. 

I jtun with you tnoit cnnlially in reioicing at the return of 





Pcaxre- I hop<T It wtU l«* la-ntinjjj nnd tliat rranVind vill nt length, 
AS they call th^maekc* TT>Jiwnabl<^ rroAtuws, havr rwisofi Mid 
ncfino citough to settle their difterenoes without rutting throftts. 
For in my opinion M«nff nt^tftr wM a ffooj W^ar^ ftr a had Pfare. 

Whftt TB»t nHditioniQ to the ronvmicn(^<'« nod c^omfartx of living 
might mankind hfive acquired, if the monoy liprnt in wftm hiid 
keen employed in Works of ptihHc utility; what an exteniioii of 
ngrietihure even to the tops of uiir Mountmns; what Rivtfm 
rendered navigahle, or joined hy cAtinU; whnt Bridges, Arquc- 
duots, new Ronds, and other pnblie WorlcH, KdiJioes, and Improve- 
ment«, rendering England a eonipleat I^amdifte, mijtht not hnre 
been ohtainM hy upending tlione millions in doing gnod, which in 
the hist War have been npent in dning mischief; in bringing 
mifirry into thnusnndi of fanxilie^, and di>?(troyiiiij; the live* of »o 
many thotjuindft of wnrtciiig people who might hxve performM th« 
useful Ubour- 

I am pkasM with the late astronomical dieeoverieft made by our 
Society. FurnishM lui all Europe now >« with AeademicM of 
Science, with nice inatrumenta and the spirit of Kxperiment, tlie 
prugrenK of hunmri knowledge will be rapid, and discoveries made 
of winch M'c have vX. present no conception. I begin to l>e almost 
sorry I was horn so soon, since I cannot have the hap|unci^ of 
knowing whst will he known a hundred yc-ar^ hence, 

1 wish continued anceefts to the labours of the Royal Society, 
and that you mny long adom their chair, being with the higheat 

Dear Sir, 

your moat obedient 

and most humble servant. 

Dr. Blagden will acquaint you witli x\w experiment of a vast 
GloW «ent up into th^^ air, much Ulk'd of here at present, and 
which if prosecuted may fumixli means of new knowledge. 




Dr, Bn^apun FrankUn io Sir Jostph Banh~ Balioont. 

Dear Sir, Possy, Nor. 30, 1783- 

I did mynelf Oie honour of writing to you Uic bcguinmg of last 
week, &nd I sent you by the Courier M. FftuJAs'^ Book upon Uie 
Balloons which 1 hope you )i&vc r€(.Tiv'<i. I did hope to have 
given you to diiy an Account of Mr Cliarles's grand Balloon, 
which was to have gone up yesterday ; but the filing it with 
irtflainmahle air having taken more time tliaii had been nilcuUtcd, 
it IN deferred till to-morrow. I send you herewith a I'apcr iti 
which you will see what was proposed by Mc^sfrs. llobcrt wlio con- 
structed llic Machine; and some other Papers relative to the 
same subject, the Ust of which b curious, aa containing the Jour- 
nal of the first Atrial Voyage performM by Men. I purpoite 
being present to-morrow at the Experiment, &n<i shall give you an 
Account of it by the Wednesday's Post, Witli sincere and great 
esteem, I ha\% the honour to be, 

Tour most obed^ humble serv», 


SirJoa. Banka, Bart. 


Dr, Btnjn. F)rmkiin to Sir Joseph Banks. TAe sa^tct o/ Bai- 
lotms continue, 

phU.UA.m. Or^.) 
D*«r ffir, Pa*«7, De«, 15, UftS. 

You have probably had tnoo^h of my CorTMpond«nco on tlte 
CAWD. ioc. «^ I 

-I a; 

i^KTrnitft OF iCMi\RNT i.t-fKitAnr ukv. 

subject of the Balloons, yet I cannot forbear sending you Mr. 
Cbftrles's Account of liU Voyage, wliich conULin* some circuni- 
stances tliAt arc curious and intcrcGting, And perhaps you rDay* 
for a conclusiorj, have one more Letter from me by hinij if ho 
mnkcK Uie J'^igbt, Baid to be inUnded ibe ^nd fair Wind, from 
Paris to London.* Witb great esteem, I am ever, 

Dear Sir, 

Your moat obedient 

B. FflANlELlN. 

Sir JufMSph Banks, Burt* 

Tke AlA^ Mann h Sir Jostj>h Ranh - « TOtf trouiles in tie liayai 
Sockty.^* Mr, Cavendish's dhcoven/ of the comtrsibifUy oj Air 
into IVater, jW, Lavoisitr, Mr^ livnchilL Hit uwn em- 

[Addlt. MS. aO}>&. fol. J4>T. OrVO 

Mud) bon*' and dear Sir, Bruzellcfl, Jcnc ith, IgM* 

Your kind favour of the lUh alt. gave me mucb plcavurc, 

specially to bcAt Umt tbe late trouTiIca in the Royal Bocietr aro 

beorly quelled. They have nindc n good <lcal uf noi-tc on tlie 

Continent, tbo' probably not so much as vitb you. All liter^ 

• Signor J«Mi PibhmnL nnling fa RW Jatqib from Florvnfv, ,tOlh Dm. ITRt. 
thiu rxfjmw* bimHif t " The new ^ppUcalioD of iDduiinublf Air to mfttc DjiUff BiL- 
loutu bu diVkJy ininJcJ Uie nbulc lUrth. *ud tatacA ihc licfti to V*rrf ho^. 1 ain 
Itlul to hMU that tvcQ tha Enitli^h Uo #iDaie itwnmtiM about thtt pl»j. l ^p?, 
bavniYrF th«t iflbw HaUouh dtd lu b# ftppljcd to the >cniev ai buiuAA kiad, ii wtU 
l« U Kitelonil ih«l th«i <iU r«(rire their frei^rvt perilKtioD. l^vn ur cmt 111AI17 
IU0|> i« bo knovn t^oat lJ« <«iiititiilJoa of oar alinttipberti tod ovtaioly thof tDAf 

LK'rrKitei or euj»bnt Ln-«HAav uhn. 4SJ 

Socirties cotiUiei u «in*KlpmbIcr portior* of the G^ujt irntttbiU 
Vainm ; but the opposition wiiJi you heemH to Iiwvr ^^xc^tJ•ll it vn\}% 
cxtraonlinar)' animosity, as appears by a Pftmpblot which I have 
seen, In short I do sincerdy congratiilste with you that the dia- 
ttirbtnce is hashed. 

I have been ncqnaiDtcd with Mr, CAvenrli«h\ discovery of th« 
OQimrsibility of Air into \Vater> for nomc Months past, and from 
the roomeiit I heard of it, 1 1ookr<I upon it as one of the ^atest 
atcps tljat tiavc hem nnulc for this long while pa<it tnwar<Is a rejil 
' IcnowlMlge of th€ Nature of the Klemcnts a knowlc^dgr hilherto «x- 
awdingly imperfect It op^ns a vast field for now investigation. 
Tlmt M. LaToiMer, who ha.s been combating these many years 

b< mote C4ii1f disoovcred b J the help of ibe %iDg UhUoeia. I tipcct Iv bcnr tbnt mcD 
vill tlxlit no more bf land ud tea, but nuEdit die Airi Id Lbo commun cuup cirihe 
ToUtilr tribtf." 

' Tlir raJfrr wbo dntm U know Ihtr blilory of the troublo is Uke Ro^aI Society. 
•t ibU Itne. siHf coa»alt Ebe folbirlDg pubUcatioiu i— 

I* *' An aucbeotic NirrBlit« of lb« DifAfiiAiuat and Ochftl«* So (be Rcyd Sotietj 
efKtuaSng tba Speecbi-> 4l tvfvof Dr. llundcT. I>r. MmUIjoc* Mr- Mjuatt*. Mr. 
[ Po»f*. Mr. ainip, Mr. WtUoo. ud Mr. Mntf/' d* l^ad. 17^1. (TUt «i>« Mr. 
Mtf^ pAmphlEt-? 

^. '* An Appe*! lo the Fdlo*Bof th* Royil Sodelji conccmlnjE the Mcoiurrj Ukm 
^ Kr JoHnda Hnnki, ihitir PrFiLiIcriC, lo GomiiPt Dr. tlulfon lo loXgn llie Office of 
BocrvUry ici ikc Sucictj fur Clicir Korvfgii Cormpondieace. Jlf a Prkud io Dr. IliiUtin." 

A. " An Uittorr of the Inttaima of Eicliuion frum fhe Rojd Koctetf nblcb wore 
pel Miflcred to be «rf i;td In tbe Coano o/ tb< Ute Debate*. Bj Mme Mooibere lo tbo 
Mmoritr" a* Load. n-<. 

4, ■' Cuwn* vf CHtieTimi ^ eiLntcUd from Uie [l<«ii<ic« «r Mat;'* lUvicw tud tbo 
Or«<orir^ 1'iwm of Dr. \lot%r\f-f. A ntir Edilion vitb AifdilioiM," ^ Lond. 

5, "ObMnuiouoo ibe Uce CimUvU ia llie KoydSoetctj/'b)' Ur. Andrew Kip[iU- 
L9*Loikd. L744. 


H^ Rem^bnnwr, M", iaf», ^ April, 17VI. n 

Buf fieeii UeEutiDe, br .\pHI, 1 7d4. I On Uie unae 

MoDtblj \UiifH of Aphl, I7JH. J 



past in favour af the incotiversibility of Water into any thing else, 
should mennly appropriate to himself Mr. Cavendish's excellent 
discovery, ia tntty oiid genuinely French: ve daily see instances 
of it. 

Mr. Herschct i% an extraordinary roan: his wond«rfull discoTe* 
ric« in the heavens shew that we know no marc of the Unirerae 
in general than wc do of Hie intimate Nature of the ElemenU 
which constitute our Globe in particular- Asrtronomy has been^ 
from my inl^ncy, my favourile science ; the' for tlic greatest part 
of my life T have had no me^ns of cultivatiTig it practically, irhich 
is the only meiiu» ol making any new advances therein. 

Tlie sui-dtsans Natural Pliilosophcra in these parta are too 
much occupied with those baubles called Axr-hulhnt to mind any 
tiling else ; on the other part those whom I depend on, are too ' 
much occupied with new branches of Agriculture, exploitation of 
Minex, &c, not to find me with employment- On tlie 7tli instanti 
1 set oir from hence, by the will of Hia Excellency Count Bcl- 
giojoai on a Tour through Lorraine, Alsace, Switzerland, and 
return tlarough Germany hy tlie Rhine, If I can he uf any acr- 
vice to you in those part«, I shall he proud to be honoured with 
your oommanda. Any Letters directed to me at BruaseU, as uauat, 
wtU overtake me on the road. 

JVay did you ever receive the aecond, third, and fourth Volumoa 
of Memoirs of our Academy, which were sent to the Royal Society 
through the hands of Mr. Ktm^Iey ? I bdiere Mr, Magellan haa 
aent hither tlie Volume?* of the Ptiiloifophica] Transactions to ibo 
present time ; but I am informed that AbW Chcvalicri the Royal 
librarian, ha^ desired him to ser\'e no more without farther ortlers. 
If we recoh'c them fn^tn t!ic R^>\fd Society as a former Leitet of 
yours intimated, I will take care that ours, ^ifcA n# /Atfy dre, be , 
regularly sent to you. 

I wa^ M)rry but not surpiix«d> to 6iid the nume of my good' 

LriTBES or BHINEPrr litckahv men- 


Friend At>li^ Mni*ol1nn fttnong tlie InnurgentK; T nlwttf « ubftenred 
in him n truly rtpuUUcan spmt- 

I remain, u-ith moiit wnoere respect &nit ikttacliiiient. 
Much honoun^l and d&^r Sir, 
Ya»r mtnt nlirflirnt 
and TOiy devoted humble dervant^ 

T. A. Mamn. 

7At* iltfT. tfilUai^ Tookc to Sir Joirph Banks. T/u: Pnncu$ JMsir 
h^» opinion t^f Sir Jast-ph a* P. Ji. S. 

£MS. KMiU W>1G, to. SfiflO 

St, Petcriiburg, Dec. .SI, O. 8. 1785. 
N. B. Writtctk AS tkbovc^ but bod no opportunity 
for (tending it till F«b. 8, 178G. 


I received yooirn of the Iflth of lost month, nnd lun obliged to 
you Cor tliQ A8troiioniicsLl inteUij-«nce it cuntaina of iUt» disiruve- 
rie» of Mr. Go<iclric'h und tlio learned Inboura uf Mr. Hcr^beL 
It wi rccvivi^ with great ftvidity by the ProfesKoni and mtimbeni 
of t^e Imperial Acftdccny, to whom I cemmunicatod it. In return 
I inclose for you two copiea of the tranfttictii>nA at the last public 
me^ng of that Acndemy, with the QuGHtion« they propone for 
•ulution, and tltc pncmiutnii annexed, as indtomeuta to Philoso- 
phical iiidufltry. 

The reason of the failure of my cndcuvouni to obtAiri the ftheela 
tlial are iranting to the completioii of your sot of tho Kus«ian 
Commoiilaneaj won bcc«u»o what ii> called i» typo^phioal Ian- 



guagc thf waste of works pritited at the jVcadcmy is seldom or 
never preserved, as it ou^'ht to be; but, aa aoon as auch a num* 
ber of buoka aro perfected, the surplus of the various sigimtureii 
are tltrowii aside for wTappers and other official uses ; and not at 
alJ owing to n wiint of regard to you in tbe president. I am glad 
however that you mention your .surmiseK to me on that head, os 
it gives me an opportunity of doing nn office of charity. You 
have been infornted that you have not the honour of being **a 
&vouritc with the PresideaL*' Sir, 1 see the Pri^lce^!» frequently ; 
andf in the course of convcramtion, it necessarily h^pens that 
hterary men are mentioned. On thc*c occa^ons she speaks of no 
person u-iUi greater respect than S' Joseph Hanlu. 1 lia^-e heard 
her say, that it is an honour to the K. S. to hrive in its chair one 
who has performed so much for the advancement of knowledge, 
and hu« served the cauae of humanity with such personal ris<quc$p 
and such persevering generosity, and I am sure that, if you should 
ever have occasion to write to her, you wiU be convinced of her 
attention and favourable regard to the merit she constantly allows 
and apphtuds, 

I shall procure the continuation of your Russischc Bibliothec 

through my friend Mr. Euler, and will send it by some «Uip in the 
»kpring. Vou ask me how you shall discharge the debt yoa iacur 

thereby? I never thought of that nijttter before; but Mnce you 

arc so obliging b5 to make it an object of ucitiee, if you send mc 

with the *' Transactions^' a new publication now and then^you 

will do it in the manner most agreeable to me. 

I lately received a letter from M r, Coxe at 'Airin> infonutng mc, 

among other particuUrs, that he was shortly to set out for Rome. 

On bis return to Kngbmd he will have much to DOmmunicatc to 

the world. 

I am gbd to hear tliat the Society is restored to its former 

tranquilUty^ being one of tliose that think no good can come of 

wufusion^ unless it be to teach men the wimUjiu to avoid it. 



I ihnnk yati. Sir, for the Society 'a mcdftlf vrhich is cxccutc<l in 
a superior mAnner. 

Yoar most obedient and 
auured bumble servAtit, 

T meloAe likevisc & Gflzette wliich conUitn* pamgrnpliTi nbout 
tbo Academy; And a course of the most exnct Therntonietrieal, 
&c, Obacrvntuint fur tbe whole year 17^5. Would surh obwrvn- 
tione for the year be ftgrivjibb* to you, if I take tlic trouble to 
ermtinue tliirni, or nny thing else tbiit 1 can procure? 

To S' Jowph Banks, 

ne Abb4 Mwm to Sir Joseph Bankg, ^flrr Mm <lfeti<m into the 
Rot/ttl Socu;tif a6 a Foreign yfcrnbett 
[kmu MS. Bell. Miu. 8097, Sol 91. Ofip.j 

Sir, BrusscU, April 8th I78S, 

1 have this moment received a letter from my much respected 
ffiend Mr, Planto, dated the 4lh inntant, informing me of my 
being elected, llic evening before, a foreign Member of the Roy»l 
Society- 1 can only measure my »c»»ilnlity on the oecaiiion, by 
the muoy ycarit I hare wUhcd for it, as the ncplu* ultra of all the 
literary honours I ercr did or shall aspire to. \s I know that it 
is chiefly due to your kind regard for me that 1 owe the favour, 1 
cannot onut the tir^it iiioiiieDt [for tiie English Tost goes off an 
hour hence) of expressing (o you my sincere Acknovledgementa 
and gratitude for it, I will endeavour that the {avuut conferred 
on me rest not uterile ; and independent of every inrunnation fn^m 
these parta^ whkrh may be ukcd of me, and which 1 am able to 


t^Kmits or vuiNBNT utkrart mbv. 

give> I will fimsb, vith my firtt letson^ whit I htvelong biUoded 
for Uie Koyml Society, A Memoir tm ike effect* of 7)f<ieB md Cht- 
reutt (»i the Coatts and Parts o/tAe BritM Chamnet and North Sem : 
fttbing I h»Tc been [>r«p*ringCT€r since {"JT^^fLt^d mhich I intend 
togive St firmt uikIct the Form of a »liort and general View, com- 
prized tritlim tlic compftss of the papera which the R, S. is 
accustomed to admit> in cue mine is fotiiid to inmt tlie honour. 

At present it b impossible for me to lini»h St, lut the printing of 
the 5th Voluoie of McmoirK occupies all my leisure, being alone 
charged witli directing and overlooking it, and having at the samai 
time the Secretary'fl and TrcAsurer'a Office upon ma 
i aoij with the sinccrest rcjipcet und gratitude^ 
i>ciur Sir, 

Your most obedient 

and very devoted humUe serran^ 
Ab&£ Mann. 


Tlte Abh6 Mann to Sir JoA^ph Bantu. Tkt T>U$enritm at Btmm- 

9€ih. The Amtfian Government driven out* 

rAadi£.M&. Drit.Mu,eD90,feKfi5* OfVO 

Sir, Drussdla, Feb. IC, 1 790. 

The kind Letter M-hich yon honoured mt with on Dec'. 29tli, 
found me in a bud atfttc of health, from whicli I hnvc been slowly 
recovftriitg. All HCicDlitical And littcraty pursuits art here in ut 
ah^ohte stognntion. War and civil disKntJon occupy all minds 
and exclude aU other att<;ntion. Tlic confuaion wa« swch tbnt our 
Academy could not mc«t from the beginning of October to the end 
of Januflfi*. We now asHemble from time to time, but mor« to 
consider what is to be done to support the esCsblUhmcnt, than to 
atleiii) to any nev |mMluetioa», if even any bod]r enjoyed suRieicnt 



1i1)frriy of miml to employ himself on Uicro. TiW Ihc middle of 
December, tlic coantry was a seuTifi of dcapothnif cruelty, and 
bIcKMlsliedi of which UntH«clii hiul a pnncipiil nhnre. From tho 
monaent tho Austrian Troopfi and Oovemmcnt ncre drivtix out, 
cavil diascntion he^n, nnd is tiow riflen to a vcrv htgh piteh. 
The eommoii enemy i» still tit our df>or, nnd yet nil in in u Hiano 
between the Ariatoeratic nnd Democratic parties* Tho 6nt inai^t 
on hcing p>vcrnc<! hr thu SUaIcb; the othcn mniMt on hiring a 
NaltuiuE 4VsMcniMyf like- that of France, cnllcd to form a new go- 
vernment. Whatever ground there nuiy he fur this hist pretension, 
I am persuaded that the execution of it at present wovhl he the 
ruin of the country. We are not yet free, nnd are alrondy squab- 
bling who ia to be master. ! should not he at all aurprisodto ace 
the Anstrinn:^ return and wanh vray the infumy of their Bight from 
UriuaelA, in tlic blood of its inhabilants* 

Wf^ received only a few wecka ago tlte tliree laat parts of the 
PhihsophU^t Tromfu:tioji*, completLting to the end of l"**^' ' 
presented them to the Academy at the only racctiMg we have Wl 
»mec the Revolution, and I aiu diarged to rutuni lUi thaulvA and 
licknowle^IgmeulA to the IXoytX Society for this mark of attention, 
which I beg you would prcticnt to Umt i]lu»trioux body. 

In giving a new Kdillon of AtUtrr'n G<ir^<rucr*x IHct'wnnry, 1 
much wia]ked to have thrown all tlie common obvious dJrcx'tuina of 
cuUivvliun. &e. into one IwHly for nil such nnnlw as require tlte 
fianie method, and whidi aic coutiiiimlly rejieutcd in the work; 
it would by this ineiuis have been aliortcneil near one third, witb- 
uet li>xing any Ujing material of the original. But tliiswuuld have 
been a tju»k whicli iwy leiiturx- did lutt ptrmit mc to undertake. I 
ani very glad to see that tde;i adopted by Professor Martyn in his 
intended new Edition of MilkTf and that upon a mui'li more 
coinplvzit and cKtcnsive pbn, which he is infmitely abler lo 
exeeute than 1 ahou[<l be, 

l CTu*y Dr. Ilcrschcl's happinesn in being vrltolly occupied in 

CAMD. aoc. 3 k 

434 LflTTEBil OF llHil4Bl<tl^ LltBRAftT UBK. 

the pursuits of science under the protedHort of an Witlght^ned Hhd 
beneficent Sovereign. Out late Qoremnient, hAting only arbltHtry 
power in view, declared itself openly against the Bdenctis for 
several years past. The great plah was to reduDe the body of the 
people t^ two classes^ Petuanta and Sotdiers. Our new Oovehi- 
tnent promisea better^ but it is too sooti yet to feel the e6hbis 
thereof, supposing It abltf to maintain itself. Hici Polidcsal Spi- 
demy which now reigns in the greatest part of the continent of 
Europe absorbs all attitntion^ and is highly inimical to the pro- 
gress of science, 

I aba sorry for poor Magellsn's deplorable case : his exotic Uffe 
stood in great need of cool refiesion before the end of it. 

Along With the inestimable blessing of being in a free toiintry, 
may yOu ever enjoy all that health and hsppinesa which I cease 
not to wish for you. I remain with the most respectfull attach* 

Much honoured Sir, 
Your most obedient 
and very devoted humble servant, 

A. Mann. 


TTfte Abbi Mann to Sir Joseph Banks ; ttpwt hisJUghl from the Loit> 

Countries, and arrival in Engiandi 

[Ibid. SQ^e, ra1.66, OHf.] 

Much honored Sir, 

The invasion of the Low-Conntriea by the French has obliged 

me to fly out of it for my own preservation^ and I am come to 

take refuge in my native country, 'tiU the storm blows over. I 

arrived in London last night ^om Holland with Lord £l^n^ and 

take t)]p first opportunity of paying my respects to you. The 
fnany ye^f^' friendahip you have honored me with, will not fail 
n^p, I am sure, in this unhappy moment. It is in that copfidenpp 
I bav# th^ honour to be. 

Deal Sir, 

Your most obedient 

and very devoted humble servant, 

AsBi Mann. 
From Lord Elgin's, Downing Street, 
Novr. 3fith, 17D3, 


The Abhi Mann to Sir Joseph BatikSf after his reium to Belgtumj 
The st^fferin^ of the Country from the Invasion of ihe French, 
The Duke of York at Bruges, The Abb^s Library saved by the 
fideUty of a Servant, 

[Ibid. 8098, (ol, 156. Orif.] 

Brussella, April 23cl, i;93. 
Dear and hon^. Sir, 
I arrived here the Idth, and found every thing quiet and the 
minds of the people seemingly returned anew to their lawfull So- 
vereignj to whom alone they can look up for a lasting protection 
against the enemy of mankind. We had in England but a faint 
idea of what this Country has sufferd from the French invacion t 
their course wherever they came has been marked with rapine, 
devastation, profanation, violation, and all kinds of enormities and 
hoiTors. Their retreat before the Austrian^ was precipitate, and 
did not give them time to execute their execrable intentions of 
plunder, but they have sworn to lay waste the Country with fire 


LETTBEfl or KlllTkEffT tlT1CR%ET MKX. 

«ad siroid at thrtr rctiani, vlttdi they ftittcr tbcovdm wklu^ 
Tbcjrvmt^ a p8fticaliri^cUBnigCi,aiid in ibe CooBtrraboat 

1% seOiiig fire to booaes tt tbejr went aioQ^ «>d firing iOc7 tfae 
iiiihi|ip7 people who Aed before tbcm. One of tlwir cooiamdcn' 
healing ihat tlir Bh'J^b Troop;^ wrre coming tpaaat tkash «warv 
they would have tltc bead of His BritaDnic Mi^Crty ere thm 
montlia be pavt. All tfaexe chrunutauiccs 1 Inmt on the spvCyj 
and na every wbcrc witness to Hit defanni^ of -\rtna and all otheTpJ 
iiuignia of Ni>biliLy on public luid private buUdLnga. SoiBe <rf ■ 
oar fineat Edi&^ea are maii;^ and dcf^ded by thU more than 
Gothic ngc. The Chorchea lu^re been treated with peculiar 

Tht Duke of Yurie, with the BritUli Troops from Hidlaiidi ar^ 
lived at Bruges on the lOth, vbiJc I was there, amidst fbe 
ringing of bells and univertal acdaaaticni. The whole City ' 
UluihiiiaUft, and the troops feasted by the Burghent: the xajnehad] 
been doi>c at Ghent the night Iwfore. These Uoops were to ba 
gout: tuwar^ln Dunkirk^ but turned off Trom Bruges to Covitiay' 
towards Lille, ^xrven or eight thousand lloUanden pasaedbjr. 
Bruasels last Sunday. The AuntriAnv have invested Cofidi:, 
purpose caking it by fsiaine. their niege Artillery not bring yet 
come up, and the town alnwJy in distrcM, I'hts t» tiie only en* 
tcqjnKc on the French territory we ytt bear ol It b said that tn- 
numenvblc swarms of Peaftant-n are marching towards the frontierp 
it being so ordered by tlicir tyrants ondcr paiit of death. The 
moflrt violent Decrees are isaoed oat anew againvt Ibc remaining 
Clergy, whom I met with flying on all aides. M- E^ite, Mar 
Ike^ arc said to 1>e ^enl Prisoners to the abbey, Gognct, Jourdatti^ 
and the most celcbmtcd Assaaain^r now couinand the ^Vrniy under 
Dampierre, wlio ha* succeeded Dnmoiiriex, 

As to my little concerns; I found things in great confusion, 
but with less loss tliaii 1 luu) reaaon to expect, my iKst effects snd 
[wrticularty my Ltbrikry had been twice secreted in diffcrcot places 
for greater sceoiityi but in short they arc saved by the care and 



fiHclrty of my mtin, whom I hftvc cii<lcavourcd to recompense for 
it 08 well iH I cnn, »nd sfiuU do moro >n time, 

1 will Atnd you over our Sth Volume of Memaint along with 
the; R4M>k!i for tlic Museum. tnu\ vhnW Ho mo8t happy to hnvo oc- 
casions of testifying those sentiments of gr&titudcr for &L1 your 
ktiitliK-ua to me, which t'ttne nor distance wiU crcr o0iico. If nny 
thing ouulii hAve dimiuiAlied tJio effect of llic lute catastrophe oti 
my mind, it would have been the unljoundcd UiDdiicstt \^'hidJ T 
waa received with in my nativo country, for whottc hapjiineru in 
grncrol, nnd thot of my fricndn in pArtic-iUar, my pmycrs hIihU 1)c 
offered o|t as Ioiij; «s 1 Hvo< 

B<g^ng thot rny reHpoc^tfol t'omph mentis mny ha iigrccnldc to 
tlic LfuUcs of your liousci I remain with tlic ^inccrcst resjKct mid 

Dear and huii'^ Sir, 

Votu' most olicdient 

and very devoted huinhlc servAiit, 

A. Man.v. 


7"Ac AMt^ Afann to Sir Joseph linnki. 77ie bhfkat'm^ of the poik- 
ti€ul horizon eftcr ffir reptihe drforr JhiJt^irA, 

[AiJdit. MS. DriL. Mm. ats^^. f«h 117- Oris.] 

Bru««ellFi, OcU ^Sth^ I^IM. 
Much honour^ and dear Sir, 
1 liavc long waited to nnnwrr }H>ur kind letter of Au^UKt 20lh, 
in hupt-K of Imviiig Twmethirig satisfuctory to write to you] but I 
have waited in vain, for ever)* dny our political hoHKoii blackens 
nnd tltreflteiiv more and more. The repulse before Dunkirk ami 
that before Maubcuze, on the IGUi of this month, have brought 
tiiia country again into a dreadful aituatioii. Tbc French ul^-agle8 



with an eiiormouif force tre «iu}esvouring to burst into H, like bo 
iiiuiiy fiunnhcd tygfrrs, and it is ns mucli a» Uic combineil amiy 
con do to keep tbDin out, or drive them Imck when tliejr hftvt 
gotten ill) ^ was tlie case laKt week. In cave they do get posaesr 
siun of the country once more, its doum ill knuw will he revenge, 
deJ»tTaction^ and murder* My sarcty mutt bo llight 4giun» and God 
knou'K Mjy n^e uiul nMe o( lienltb are little fit for it> but hit 
dinnc uil] h4: duni?> 

In this Mtate of Uiiiif^, judge, dcir Sir, wlut ctii l>e done tot 
the progre^N of Scienrt*. Ificli onu iti looking fonranlx hov/ to 
preserve life, and scimcthin^ of properly to support it. But I will 
say no more on this melancholy aubject. My »pirita droQp as 
often as 1 coiisidcr it, And rcBcct at x\\c sanic time on a Govern- 
ment unhinged, an exliaustcd Treaitury, and slack Allies; and yet 
on the hUi of tliin countr>' depenils thnt of Hullnud, and perlinps 
of Europe : tlie French know it, and therefore turn all theirefforts 
ELgaiufit it. But I >iill have done. 

1 beg my best respects to Liwiy Banks iind the other ladies of 
your family, Tlie nioincnts I B|)ent with you were happy com* 
pared to what 1 now feci. While life remains I shall feelingljr 
remember your kind friendship, and that of so many olJicn in 
my native country. 1 ara with the aineerc«t respect aiid gra- 

Xov^ 5. Deer. SL Dear and honuurtd Sir, 

your most obedient, 
and very devoted humble nerrant, 

A. Maxn. 
P.S. Oct^ 2&. 2 afternoon, 

Tbe news of the present moment is, tliat the French have been 
repulsed yesterday from before Chs^lcruy, Tuumay, and Ipres : 
from Menin and Nicu]K)rt h uncertain. 



'lite Abhi Matm to Sir Joseph Bonki, Sttit ttpm tkt ttretc/ttd 
Hate ofhh atirjpffft Cottntry, 

Mudi Hon* Sir, Bra»?cL1:i, Jnny. l7th, {7$-i, 

Tlie farour of yiiur kind letter of the 2<l tame duly t« hutnK I 
&m glad the fit nf the Qaut in ov(?r, im it is t'omniottly the bi^n- 
ain^ irf on inti'iral of gaod lienlth. Thi- Oout is contintially 
Uinratiiing mo for some nuTiDiit [laHt, but will not frs ; ccnsi^- 
qu<;ntly 1 iitn tu expect no good lic&lth; ro doubt mixittjr of luiiiil 
liflfl nc smiiU slmre therein- I know k is wrong to give wny to it, 
but tJic n.*|ie<"t of things on llie continent is tow threntnlng for mo 
\o be Me to bear up a^itflt it in good sptnts. 

A GoTenunent without union or cner^; tlie Jacobtnn inde- 
fatigable in projMigating their Ptinelplen and unmulestcd in doing 
it, ercn in this capital, where they hare Clubs and p\t Lceture* 
of AtheiMn ; lite prtteiusions of the people uiichpcke<l, tho' daily 
adrancinf; to prater Lengths. What ran vrc expect from thiH 
ftate of thUif^s within, but nn approaching Dissolution ? If ve 
tooV vithout, a ferudous enemy nt our doors apparrnlly daily 
gaintng nrength, inMcad of being e:diauaCicdy as was expected 
would have been the case e'er now. We shall no doubt have thia 
Spring in the Low Countries, ono of the finest Araiica Uiat ever 
took the field, probably not less than two hundred thousand 
men, conipn»ing those in British pay. Bui if this nrmy contents 
itaeU to krep on tlie defetinire, an It did a great part of the last 
Campaign] the French will attack it, and harrass it incessantly 
wlUl fre^h bodies of troopSj perfectly inilJIferent how many of 
them Are killed while they can force ntlier:! to march aikd replace 
them, till at la^fc the combined Army, however numeroun it he, 
must at last be rxliausted, as it cannot be renewed sis the French 
du Uieinb "Su on tliii ground Unit Uatiton haa pnjmUed tbe 



ConvcTitton thiu nt last they shnll orerpower all Uie forces of 
Euroi>c sent againat them. Independent uf this thpy ^ave 
iiiiothcr mismK of succens in their ltand«. They Imre pluiidvnMl 
the Nation and the principal proprietor* of the ^rcfitest part of 
their riehed^ and <ronscc|uenily must poasca-t an hnnien^ ((aftniity 
of specie. Thit is useless to them within UieniHclvei, ^^-hilc tliejr 
ean force ihcir paper currency which *crrc» for nil the purposes 
of specie. Now there is no dotbt but one end to which they 
|iropofae employing a part of their immense plunder, is to corrupt 
the people, the Annies and the Cnhlnetft of the rest of Euro|>e. 
God ^ant that in this picture of things 1 may lie mistaken, and 
that all may turn out quite contmry to my (gloomy fears : I shall 
1>e the fir»t to rejoice at my error- Divine providence can give 
quite a dlfTerent turn to thing's, fmin what present appearances 
seem tn threaten ; and it i^ in that providence alone that I iix my 
hopes; and even in that point th«y are damped, as I m^c too 
little a change in men's minds and maTmers, to liavc any great 
cnnfidcnce that they are seeking to avert the scourge held out 
against them. 

I ought Co apologise to you, Sir, for troubling you wttli my 
gloomy xjicculutionK ; but I know your kind friciubhtp for nic 
will excuse my laying my heart open to you & exposing my feel- 
ings as they are, I de not feci for myself idone: I feel for 
Mankind, for Sc>ciety, for Order, On the verge of Sixty, my 
remaining days cannot be many^ and I have too iiia;jy frienc^, and 
yourself, rlear Sir, among the fir^t of tliem, to doubt but I aliall 
some where find a retreat. While the Government of tiic Low 
Countries hangs together, 1 have dutte-% to fulfil which 1 cannot 
abandon without ingratitude. The publick Kducation of tJio 
country is left to my direction witJi an entire confidence, and 1 do 
(and shall continue to do while there is room for it) all 1 can to 
stem the tide of Irreligion and Immorality, If unhappily the 
lime comes wbeii this can be done no long^» I shall certainly 
endeavour to get over to my Native Country, and throw myself 


upon itM bospitality and generosity for some quiet retreat, where a 
little will serve me. In this light, the kind and most friendly 
flipreisionB vhich conclude your letter, are a balm to my too 
atudotu forebodings. 

It it ft moit sensible pleasure tg me, that I had a few modem 
pieoes periectty useless to me* and which could be agreeable to 
Mite Banks. I sent her a few more by Doctor Webster, who 
WHS here lately with Lord and Lady Cholmondley ; & e'er long I 
hope to have the present new yearns medal (it is not yet distri- 
buted) which I will send over by the first occasion. I be^ my 
best respects to her, and to Lady Banks, whose kindness I shall 
ever grateAiUy remember. 

It is nattural to suppose that, circumstanced as we are, all pn>- 
greae in Science and Literature are at a stand; men's minds arc 
too mvcfa occupied with the threatning appearances of things, to 
be capable of any quiet and continued application. 

I am with the sincerest respect and gmtitude, 
Much hon^ Sir, 

your most obedient 
and very devoted humble servant, 

A. Man>j. 


7^ Ahh4 Mann to the same. His flight from Brmselh, and 
final settlemeni at Paderhom. His Descrxplion of the country 
in its neighbourhood. 

tlbld. foL 278. Oriff.^ 

Much bond Sir, Paderbom, Deer. 11th, I7f>4- 

The commotions on the Continent, and the extream irregidarity 
of the Post which results from it, even in the interior of Germany, 
is doubtless the cause of the httle correspondence from these 




parU vith England durinf all list sunuaer. Perhaps vmter may 
lie more rarourahlr to it- It wooJd be Kdioiu to inibnti jw of i 
what hai ltsp[)Cfied to mc, nncr I had the honor of yoor Letter 
of March 3<L H^ch a« our fli^t fron Brussels in June to Uurc- 
tnonri, and in July to I>iu8eldorff and KeyBeaweeit on the right 
bank of the Rhine, where we remained till the Frendi verc oti the 
oppoiile hank and threw their bomb* acrowi* From thence 1 
flnil Ui Dorat^n and MansteTf and finally took roAif^ here at 
Padcrhom^ for the sake of ^tting out of the hue of the Armies 
fnr U»c winter; for Uic Allied iVrrnicti plunder and commit 
exteme% Uiat vie with all the F^vnch can do. 

All thss v-ouht tiATc bc«n sapportable c^-i!, luul not the Emperor, 
by whoM orders we left the Lorw Countries, tbou^ht proper to set 
aa adrift, by a I>ecree of ttie IMx of Aufpist, witJiout any prori- 
sinn^ or oKsij^iiinf; anr Axiicim to retire to. This liarah »tep, 
wliich exteriilrd without exception to all tlie memben of ihe 
Cfavcmmcnt of the Low C<iantriei, from Uii^ Mintnter ilownwarda 
U> the In^t CIrrk employ^, was howerer aoon after corrcctevl^ by 
putlin*; us on half-pay; and this liaJf-p«y next year i:t to be 
reduced U> one third for all those who hare Icat than 25 yearn of 
actual service, which it Ihe case of nine tenths of those employed 
in the said (icvernmcnt. Such is tlie lot ;isai^n€d to tlioae who 
hare ubiindonc<] all their pro|>erty to follow U»c Sovereign'tt foi^ 


I ahould tiot hare heHitated on tins occasion to have made nty 
way over to Kngland, in oonKCfjuence of the kind inviUtionn of 
my many friends, among the Hr%t of wltich, clear Sir, 1 inu>t ever 
rank yoarself. But at tlmt time my health was loo bail to permit 
me to travel ; nod when forced to it by tiie api^rooch of the 
Kneniy, I ftuffrrcd $o much from an irreguhir Gout, aa to deter 
me from undertaking any long joume)- 'tili the dcptii of winter Iw 
over, unlcan fi>rce<l to it by indjK|)cnuhlc necessity, which i hope 
will not f»c tiie case* 

In tbo mean time, aa I havo l>cen ao long deprired of hearinit 


from my bent friendB, a line fjrom jrcra, dear Sat, would he m licart- 

nlt confoloUon U> mc, aurji a one fu 1 hnrc for thii long while 

' put hetn ft strmfigcr to. If after & disAMroiu war, you think llu 

Majesty may atUl be en^gnl^ tlinjugli hb Royal geiicroflityr ^ 

Jaake oome proriaat>ii ^ me, as I was mode to hope when loot tn 

F&tgkndt 1 will oomc over iu the S]>riifegf with tlie liopcs of 

[fiikdjo^a quiet retreat, which at tixty years of age, and wiicT ptivtutg 

the loat tcti of tbcEO amtdat civil brothi, insurrectioDOf and invm- 

nonn of a aari^ enemVi is become the mo»t deairoble thing on 

eartl). If od the contrniy An ttpplic^tion tn the prevent circarD- 

Btaucea be jvu^g^ improper, I iholl »cek soroc retrciit in the 

Amtrion Territories v in them I suppOM wc abaU be constrained 

to spend the pensions allotted ua; where tlic elteapncM of tmng 

may render mine mliiescnt for my wonta, I hare nored my 

manuKTipt^ manr of which arc ready for the pTC*>j but nu part 

of my Lihro^, frnm the ^icrol vrredu 

Paderbi>m and its ea-rirona ore a moH intereAtuig apot for m 
Naturalist, Tbe wbok Country between tlic tovn and the id- 
joining Mountoina i^ a rock of Khvutf covered with but a few 
inckca of clayey ooU. l^>c monntobia are rich in Iron nuitca and 
iiiiaeTol vprioga, amo<^ which thoac of fYmoat and SfDccfaleit 
arr; tlie mouC noted- But what ia mo«t rcmarkablet ■'^ tbe ianm* 
iDer«Uc apriiiga, Kvcrol of wbidi are ij)t«rintttang« aod tbe 
engvlpHInj; into »ubtcTTaDeaaa chan ne l* tbe copiooa watcra thai 
low from thcca, aAer a few a Jl oi ooarae. Tbeae ore what meat 
prolnbly barvt ovt o^on at tho diataneo of ats or C)|;bt mOo 
f«rtlier, in the Embapring and Zippaprn^ prtBcipal aoonaca of 
Um= Itinera Eodia mmd Uppm^ and ala» at tlM bottom of a hill m 
tl>e uuilat of the town of Padrrbon, ia ao eupova and vie^c 
currentJS aa W ian^ «b«n muled fm Uktf do m ^oiag oat of tbe 
towt>)artg^flffaftyfcatfaibffm dl li , andft^qrai»faetindeptl^ 
with ttkC rafM^^ of a tarrant. In the luarrim of lAiat, ara 
innutnenbk unpreaaioea of Aall« , fire or aim apedna of vluch 1 
UYtalreedy iidlpUd eaartha tora, 1W^ 



in equally rich in Koman uid 8axgn aiiti<]uiues. My cxil^ panDv] 
in taking notes on these dxlTejcnt snhjects ; and sImj in advuicing 
Mtme irork» I ha^ve nith tne for 1h«t purpou^ so that my timotlues 
not hang heavy on my hands. As to politicks, I think aa liuLe of 
Uicin as possibie. 

1 am, with the sinccrcst respect and ^tilude, 
Much hon*> Sir, 

your moat obedient 
and Tcjy derotcd humble servant, 

A. Mann, 


Thr Ah6^ Mam fo Sir Jotfph Batih, ejtrr a lonffMerr^l^C^rrtw* 
ptfndc^€€. Hig fiffkts fram one place lo anothtr thro^ffh the 
Atittrian /JrnntNioit^. The Emperor^s Peace wifh the Frtnch 
prevents (ht Ahbt*» return to the Low Cottntriet, 


tAilJil. MtL Ibid. ful. 400. C^O 

Prague, Ncmladt, N*. 839, Nor. flOlh, 1 797. 

Sereml yean arc new put since I had the honour of trriting 
to you, and these have been sfpenl in frequent changes of abode, 
and cmbittrrtcl with sci'eral severe fitta of aidcnesa ; the firvt 
being tbo consequences of a cruel and disastrous vrar, anf) the 
others of the anxieties and bardshipH which attendcfl iL The 
neceasily of kccpinij out of the boundaries occasioned hy the 
enemy for the aahe of enjo)nng my Pension, made me fly from 
Padcrbom, from namfKTi;, from Rattsbon. and in April last from 
Lintx, the CupitAl of Upper Austria, ydicn the armies approached 
tolliat place. Peace being atlastconclude*! between lheEm|)eror 
and the French, I may |>crha|>s find hohjc plncc where to pass the 
remaiuder of my days in quiet : but tins muit be in the Austrian 



Dnnunionft, hn I rannot obtidn leav(> to onjav my IVn»ian out of 
them, though rcpeaU^illy Holliritrd IhiUi hj mynolf mid fri^tutn. 

Mr. PlunU 1 hcrliero informed you, Sir, a year laiA a hklf 3^, 
that I had oolV^U'd between two and tlir^e huntlred smntl C}<»nmaii 
Coins, whioh I bei,' Miaa Banka will fnvikur with ii pUne m h«r 
Collection; thi^ nrr^ nf litth* vtdiic- indrnl, l>nt uffrr ii^itHy n rvim- 
pleat net of nil the copper find Iwsc silver Coins which ure. cur- 
rent in the different States of Fho Kmpire. Whenever 1 met with 
one in pretty good preaen-atJOTi, I put it luicln, elianginjH; it if I 
found a better t nothnttheyare thefoirrMl could find among thou- 
stnda. Thi§ was an aigrerable amtift«ment to me in my exile. ! 
hare joined Ui \hrm the Mc<laU Km»'k on Kei-end extraordinary 
onniuQonn at BruvsellA ; with a compI(*nt list of the whole, aiid 
AM be happy to hear they are favourably accepted. The little 
Bote which eontainK them i% already at Uurlin in Lorti Klgin^a 
hands, who has pron>i«jed to nend it over to you by the ftr!«t nnia 
couveyaiiee. I have been Ioii|e ateeking for an occauion of send- 
log it, but could find rone Wforo I came, not long ago, to tJiia 
capital of BcheailfL. where 1 vhall paw the winter at least. In 
the Box is a paper for the Royal Society cDuceniin^ Remtiins of 
Antifttt Vofcnw>» urhieh J itlterfed in the neiffhbowhood q/ tAe 
Ciif of J^eufmtritSf wWre I rcitided Inst Summer ; and another 
for the Society of Antiqunries containing Aa jitet^vni of the ReH- 
giont ^fMhhmenU made /'y En^lM Ri>m4m C^iihoHeAs on th^ Con- 
tinnti of Evropt: which I bc^ you will communicate to tlio 
respective Societies. In the packet of Medali I hufc taken tha 
liberty to iiMsJose a letter directed to P^ltr Copklajty Hookrtlivit^ 
[hikit Sire^ij OroitrttH/r S*fvarr, eonlainiiig aoiue money fur Bc»<kkH 
and Magaaincft which he sent me a Utile while before my flight 
horn the Low Coontncai, and which 1 have bad no uL-cusion of 
convcyiog to bicn before. 1 beg you wlU bo so kind as to vend it 
to him. 

The Emperor'fli peace with the Frencli not tmly <.'?(cludea nie 
from tho Liow Cotmtries^ where aliuosl forty yeara abode bad habi- 



tuatcd mc, but ii gives me great uixiety for the fate of rny native 
Couiitrj-. Tlio Fn-[icli Imvc lon^ sought to UeUicti Austria fratn 
England, itiid at ln«t liarc Hucc«cdoct. They will now bend tlieir 
wtiolc f^nx n^^iui]?tt Grcnt Britain and Ireland, whose safety in tax 
opinion dcpendii on prerenting nn invasion by means of the i^asc 
aupenorlty at Sea, if ilicreby tliey craii be kept off for a year or 
two, it may be liopcd their means will be nearly cxhiiustcd, and 
tlicir furious enthusiasm danipt: it is at present risen to a pilch 
Iiardly to be sleinnied wherever they peiietiate. 

Tlie late drcnilful war on the coiititient SL^cmii to have put a 
stop to scieiitilical and literary pursuit^}; at least 1 have heard of 
nothing new in tlioAe parts of the Empire where 1 have r^aldcil. 
The chief pursuit is Natural lUntory and fonning Cabinets 
tlicreof. In the North of (icrmnny> which has been much more 
quiet than die Southern partA, Chj^mistry doumhes by die Uliour 
uf M. M. Klaproth ^nd Hernustadt at Berlin, and of Mr. CrcU at 
Helnnladt. Mr. Z^ch distiiigtiinhed hinivelf in AAtrunomy at 
Gutha, where I saw his splendid Obscrviaory lately conatractcd 
by tlic Dukc> 1 saw an Electric Machine at Ltnt£ which the Pro- 
fessor jtre.tcnds is inferior to none in Kurni>e for its force, exi^pt 
' that i» the Teykn&n Museum at liaerlcm. Mr. lliese of Frane- 
fOTt has inrenied an instrument which foretells the fall of Snow, 
and which he calls a (htjonosroptr. Mr, Htfideiibur^ Professor at 
Leipzig has invented a new method of CalcuUtiun which he calls 
Anot^m Comduialorifi, ilut all Ihcse, atid many others are» I 
doubt not, well known to you by itienuA of your extensive Corre*- 
jiondcnce. I'ra^^uc has an nncicnt nnd considerable University, an 
Astronomical Obsenalcry under the direction of Professor Stmad^ 
and a Cabinet of XatumI History, imder the cjirc of Professor 
Meissner. Little appears here on scientilic subjects, and what 
doc» so U wltolly in ticrman, 

I shall take it as a KjgnxT favour, Sir, if j'ou will be so kind as to 
iiifurm luti hy a line that the littk Box is come Kafu to your hand«, 
as 1 aai much more int<rti4ted for the nature of its oontent$ Uian 



lor tlioir value. If flip Paper for i}n> Royal Society i« roccired 
with ftali?tfArtuii), I will soon send you «oraet]imf|[ wliieli I think 
more intemting. In the moan time I remaitt most rcxpcctfully. 

Your mtwl obedient 

and Hio&t 4>l>ligcd liumhlt^ iwrrftnt. 

TOff A6M Mann to Sir J&jcph Hanks, Thr Hcf^umt it/ the HV. 

[AXJlt. M»i. HriL Man. HCIim. fol. tU. Ony.] 

Pra;(uo, Villo ncuvc, N*. fiJ^. 
Much Jwn'J Sir, Muy 1'*. 1798- 

Your kind Letter nf Jftnuary 2*^ gave mc murh pleasure to find 
that tlje little Bos with iut ei>utenta were come Hafc to yuur lii-indK, 
and that these I&hI provc<l accci>tahle. Thotigh fnr frnni my 
iwtu'e Country, ami fhoogh apparently cxcludctl by the cin*um- 
stAmrCfi I mil in from txcx seeinir it ngaiii, ycL I hnvc iiothlni; 
more atpccrely at heart Uau to expre^ my gratitude to my frieiidx 
in it hy every nieAiis that come within my power. Aetuat*-d hy 
this Kentiiucnt I take ihe liherty of joining to tliis Letter n .tUort 
Papcf for tJie Koyal Society, which I think contains aomo new 
Idea% and if tl>ey be not vor>- intereating. tiiey will at Icaart ocexipy 
i\M\t^ of the tinic of that learned Body. 

LiliM^ry occupations, to which 1 have been hahituated for thc^o 
fifty years pait, are more than ever nceeAsary li» Jill up my time, 
and to prevent it from hanging heavy on my h«iuds, in a situation 
mit very e<jmfi)rtahle. For tliis purpoiie I am eontinually iteeu- 
pied in putting tUc hist hand (o luinie considerable workH whirb I 
hail prepared many yenrs ago, hut nhicli my enipluyinent^ at 
RruvielJa did not permit mc to do, I have now Icihufc cnouu;h fur 


it, and happy it is that I have miA means of employmg mj fime ; 
though I hava no prospect of giving the frmta of mj ^iplkalion 
to the Pablick, 

We are here in foil expectation of the war breaking out anew 
between the Emperor and die French. Bemadotte's extraTsgant 
conduct and retreat from Vienna aeem clearly designed to bring 
on a rupture ; but on what principle of politicks in the present 
drcumstances nobody can conceive; especially while the French 
are employing their principal force against You. However that 
be^ the Troops are here all in motion- A regiment went off from 
Prague on Fryday lastj nother on Sunday^ and the departure of 
the Arcb-Doke Charles from hence to command the Army is 
already announced and preparation made for it. We are made to 
hope that there b a new Coalition agidnst the French, and that it 
will be on a more sincere footing than the late one. This seems 
certain to every one, that, unless tlie Sovereigns do miite and act 
vigorously in concert tt^ther against the common enemy, t^ey 
will each in their torn undergo the fate of the States in Lom* 
bardy, of Rome^ and of Switzerhind. It is sud that the King of 
Prussia has promised to cover Bohemia, and the march of the 
Austrian troops out of it towards the Danube seems to make it 
probable. But if it should prove otherwise^ and hostilities should 
really begin anew, we expect that this Kingdom will be the first 
the Frencli will seek to enter; and in that case I must fly anevj 
whither I know not. Amidst this unchearing prospect, it is a 
real pleasure to me to think that the same drcumstances will most 
probably free England from the attempts of the French to invade 
it; which if it was effectuated, would produce a horrid scene^ 
whatever might be the result of it. My anxiety on this subject 
has been uppermost in my mind for these six months past ; and, 
whatever hardship the same circumstances that will free you from 
the danger may bring on me, I shall still rejoice therein. 

I well know, dear Sir, that your time is very greatly occupied, 
and 1 will not trespass any longer upon it with my useless reason- 



\n^ and ftnxictiv«< J will <mly ttdd, that tKc contintunce oi jour 
frieiLcUbip ift > »igpal oDnitoLation to me m the decline of life, amd 
tllftt, lo long na it sth&ll Inst, 1 shall ever retain tlic warmcitt gra- 
tHwId for It. 

I am, with tlie greatest reij>eot, 

Vonr mott ohecliont 

& v«Ty devoted humble servant, 

A- Maxn, 

Professor Steiruky, who »ayt he was luiown to you in London^ 
desires me to recall him re>p«ctfully to your remembrance. 
The R' Hon'»U 

Sir Joseph B«nks, Bar^. 


^e Abh^ Marui t& Sir Joseph Bank§. ilia Notions on Ihc poH- 
tUal Mate of things trt 1799, 

[AdaiL MS. Brit Mu. 8099, fol. IQB. On'f.] 

Pn^oe, Neustadt, No, 543, 
Sir, March 7th, 1799- 

1 take the lihwty to *end yon a ahort Aerr>unt nf the grejit 
Ffo« of this Winter, aa it haA hern obHcnred In this Capita) of 
Bohomia, which I beg you to lay before the Royal Society, H fon 
think it worthy (heir notice. 

I havff nothing new to inform you of myself; my health non- 
tinues better than 1 couW well expect it at so an advanceil an age, 
and after the mach bad hcidth which I formerly had; it allows me 
to Apply with aa much case and constancy as I did twenty years 
ago, and I employ thii last internal of healtli ajid teiware in 
puttjng the bat han<l to a work t}uit baa (ir(?upied my miad for 
theae forty yeara past. T find tliis application likewise necea- 
aary for dirertiog my thoughta from the DiAay tmcx>mfoitaUe cir- 



eumstanccA which surround me: 1 mchn the unhappy state of 
public affairs on tlic Coittinont, irfaoae iaaue intinwtdj eonccrns 
the quiet uf the rcat of my life. 

Wc ore here fully pcmaaded that the Preach prosecute with 
redoubled ftmmosity the execution of the famous Decree of the 
Convention poaacd Nov. IDth, 1 702, whereby they declared WW to 
all Monarcliie^, aed Uieir resolution to eatubliab RepublicatuHm in 
tbcir place ; and the disunion and incrtion of the grentcr port of 
Monarchn give them fair flcope for executing their purpose* 
Koch of those seeks his own safety for the present moment in the 
insidious fnciidsliip of the French, \«-hoao intention ia to overturn 
them all, one nfter nnothcr, after having governed their council* 
and ooxTuptcd their subjects. llithcrtOj on the Continent, Austna 
alone has nmdc a noble stand, tiotwithstnndini; the Froueb perfidy 
aud corruption which hnvu ulreudy gained its vitaU. Those who 
yet hbvo pnneiplcs, ncUnowlcdgc thot, if Creut-Britain does not 
continue to stem the torrent, Europe is lostj anH tlint Prussia 
will have been the great cauac of tbia ruia. If this unfortunately 
eomen to pass, that power will be crushed in its turn t if a port 
only of what is s^d be true, the mine under it is nlrcftdy charged, 
hy having itn Ministry, Couneibr and Army fUled witJi lUumin/^ 
who ere by profcnaion enemies to Monarchy^ and pnrtinuu of the 
French. Tlie Kings of Sardinia and Nnples arc crushed; the 
King of Spnin is in fetters; the Dutch and the Swiss arc bound 
hand atid foot; and the Kmpire is an old worn-out machine, 
whos« rusty wheels and broken springs are no longer capable of 
performing any joint action with energy, and seems rcsuly to ftU 
to pieces of itself. 

1 confide. Sir, that your tong-eontinued kindi>csB to miC will 
#XOaMmy troubling you with my notions on the present AtJde of 
things* It IS Imrd to repress what the heart is continually full of, 
and whic^ both the lore of mankind and tlie desire vf my own 
Wety and quiet keep nnxioualy present to my mind. 11c alone 
who seta a bound to the billovi of the occan^ and to the rage of 


dements, can put a stop to the fury and ravages of Republicanism 
and Impiety ; and it is in submiBsion to his diTine decrees that I 
gain some tranquillity of mind^ and also in the consdousness that 
my career is drawing to an end. 

All progress of Science seems at a standi if not at an end, in 
these parts. All minds are occupied m what is doing elsewhere, 
and on what is to be their own fate, some wishing for Revolutions, 
and others dreading them. 

Knowing your great and multiplied occupations^ I will not in* 
bude any longer on your leisure than to b^ you to be persuaded 
of my profound respect and gratitude to you, which will last as 
long as life remains. In these sentiments I am. 
Tour most obedient and very devoted 
humble Servant, 
The Rt Honb^. A. Mann. 

Sir Joseph Banks, Bar^, 


ABlifOTONi Hn- letters to, 409 — 413. 
Adami, lir ThomaBt biognpUul notice 

of, 145 ; lettera of, 145» I4T, 149. 
Addison, Joseph, 349 ; letter of, 994. 
Air-pump, expcrimeat of ptaclag ■ 

mtch in the tuhdiu of, 317 ; prices 

of, 319. 
Allectus, notice of gold coini of, 366. 
Almuiuki, lfiT> 
Anstu, Joba, letter of, 358. 
AntiqMiies, Sodetj of, 9Bj Wmlej's 

minates of their meedngs in 1707, 

Antoniaiu'i ItiDerftrj^ length of the 

mile* ia, 361. 
ATTCQches, Williuu de, letter from, uid 

Cecil; his mother, to Ekri Wv- 

reu uid otherst reqnMtiJig them to 

witness k duricr, 355. 
Anmdel, PhUlp Howard evl of, notke 

of MS. life of, 114. 
, lliomu Howard carl of, ietter 

Asclum, Roger, letters of, U, 13, 
AtidrxM, Mr- 43. 

, dr Robert, letter to, 19!. 

Avbrej, D. 73. 

Buon, lord, chAracter of, 400. 
Bigford, Mr. 100, lOK 
BsUooiu, iDTcntion of, 4S4, 435, 476, 

Bankes, Dr. letter to, 365. 

Bftnks, Miss, 441,445. 

, sir JoKpht letters to, 406, 413 

Barocciui libnrj, account of, 130. 
Barwick, Humfrej, his ^'Breefe dla- 

coune,^' 59. 
Batteley, Mr. 101, 
BeuDont, Mr. 199> 
Beaopel, Robert, 33, 33. 
Bcdingfleld, father Chu-1eB,biographiflal 

DOtice of, 407 i letter to, ibid, i letteri 

of, 403—406. 
BeightoP, HeoTf, 304. 
Bentle;, Dr. S6t. 
BRile, the Eogliah Genen, 37. 
Birch, roT. Dr.lettcri to, 368, 374, 400, 

Bishops, puUunentarjr proceediDgi 

aghast the, 16S, 171 ; iDterfereDce of 

in electioDS, 190} power of licensing 

Bchoolmuters, 335 — 330,335. 
Blogden, Dr. 433, 434. 
Blathwajt, Mr. lecretarr, letter to, :II3. 
Bodlejj lir Thomaa, letter of, 103. 
Bodlejgb, John, 37. 
Boroogh, air John, biognphical notSco 

of, 139; letter of, Uuf. 
Boston, Mr. SB. 
BoaweLl, ^r William, biogrmpbicd notice 

of, 151 i reference to MSS. of, ibid. ,- 

lettor of, iMd. 



BoDp&kr, cir Havy, IS5, l?7, 130, 

BovcUcr, A, D, 109. 

" Bntuftk," Dodce of tW nriaw efi- 

tioBi and buteiaw oT Ac, 109, 10£ ; 

lettcn rrTttiag to GQwDB'fl i iliti i^ 

<rf, «i*--23T, sea. 

Broiopct, Dr, 481, 

BrvMcU, dufrtmctt at m 1789, 433 ; 
aalcEiagi btkn tlw Fnsd la 1793, 

Boeer, Martm, 13. 
BwkU, Mr. 133, IM. 

Canr, dr Jaliu, letter to, TO. 

Cumdtm, Wntim, notkc «f hk epitip^ 
M Bic CkV«, 9e ; booh lUicvloi 
to, 99 i letlcn oT, 103, 133, 1?4, 
IS5 ; aotiee of fuiou i iIiI'mmj of 
Ae Britumia, 103 s tnaiUtiooi of, 
lOfi t hii meruT catuutioo, 104, 
105 i hu pedigree of tbc HomidBr 
115 : ipplic* to >ir Robot Cottoa 
for lou of MSS. 153, 184; oato- 
biognpiueol notice of; 125 ; bk lut 
iUnw md doth, 135, 1S6; Ikt of 
tbc titttAtiaBO Budfl b; hba u^ bia 
depBties, 137 1 ik T our e J utrolofTr 
1 SB i TMiioB* pulicBlan of Gibaon'* 
cditioDa of tbc Britunia, 314—237, 

CuTw, Richard^ biogr^ikal aotkc i^, 
96 i letter of, iicJ, 

CaMaboa, Uaae, 103, 104; letter to, 

CaTcnduh, Mr, 437. 

Cecil, Robert, afterwirdi eari of Salii- 
barr, 90. 

J nr Tbomai, lit lord Eietcr, 337. 


Cadl^ ^ 

BarsUcT, Icttcn to, 

GflfCB, 9; lofcv 

^aa Novdl, 30, M ; 

Nowdl, n-, anhfahiiy TtAtr wm^ 

bbbop Siftdr^ »r; Dr- Thvaa 

WiboB, 38; Dr. Du, 13; Jafca 

StaUM, 40; ifE>tii*iT Wbilpft. 

44; Mr Thi iii H^eavr, 48; ^ 

Jebn Saijtb, 56, 89; 

Odaad, €&, 73; tbc Ma 

rtiaati, 76- 
CbaMbcrlaiA, Hr- 357. 
Cbv£ii, ar Jobs, 361. 
Cbarka 11- accontfi of tte doCh of, 

Cbatlett, Dr. Artfcar, kttcti to, 311, 

314—337, 357—364, 3S4-'»4, SE9& 
Cbcke, nr Jobs, II, 13, 14; lettn* 

of, B. 19. 
Cbroooacope, ia te a doa of, 446. 
Cole, rer, ViDiaB, kOaa ol, 403. 
Co&ptoa, Hcnij, biabop of l^ttdoa. 

lettcn of, 189, 190. 
OncreTC, WiOiaB, lettaii of, gP 

Cook, eaptaiB, aeeoaat of deaib of, 400. 
Cottoa, or Robert, letters to, fri^ Dr. 

D«, B7 ; lUe. Carev, 9e ; v T- 
Bodkj, 103; Bie. Totfegn, 107; 

J. Speed, lOe, 110, lit, 113,113 s 

Oe eari of Arvadd, 113 ; Ca^fa«, 
123,134, 135; or J. Boro^, 139 ^ 

anUiibop Uabo-, 131, 1*3, 133^ 
138 i vr J. Ware, 1S4, 144; ba^op 
Bedcn, 135; Sddea, US. 
Cottooiaa librarj, ootkei of, 131, 133* 
134, 138, 340 ; oTAacuta n., 144; 

Claadiaa A. r. fb. 45, 133 ; A. Ttiu 
in, 139; Ckopaln A. u. I3S ; 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ fHDKX. ^^^^^^^^^4^^^ 


^ C tT, fti> W, »ia I DarallUo I. fa. 

BDlipH«f ie99, flB9. 


^H 40, 1«ai ni, fa. ISt. ^9; JqUu E. 

EdivMnt tbA ConfuMT. duln and cnoi- 


^H 1?. 113 1 Sen D. v. 3iT; Otho 

lii faoAd b till EoEttb, SI). 


^^^^ B. n. 559;TiberliH A. vi].fc. 16S, 

Brrtea MKS. ifl Brit. Mu. £17, GIQ ; 


^^^V tttlA. XI.I3A; A,xiv. leOiC. 11. 

noUcci of, 3^7 ■ 


^^^^V ie>; 'Hliu A. II. 1.^3; A. xviil, fa. 

EJ«ad, Hnnrr, 17, 


^^^P II, mtt.i VcfpuUD D. XU. fa. 19, 

Klbubeib, queen, 31, A^t ^t ^^l fai- 



Utv to, 41, G:J i llfifl vIdrwiBrd to 


^H ChIt. Antbonf, 0?- 

hj Dt, WlUon, 31 s whitbeir » ht- 


^H^ Co«p«'- ^v, Mr, biter to. SlG. 

Uovor la a r««l prowEwc ta Iho Hcrm- 


^^^^BCnDHur, artdibvliop. ^, tb, 33T; 

a(-Dt,?69, ^0,371. 


^^^F DoebvoTMflrrin'iUfaof. Vrj, 

EUUti. Mr. IOt.340, 9»K 


Erpsoiui, DoCicM of bu library, 1 33, 


^^^^. ion, 337, 



^^^■CnO, Mr. 444i. 

Etpcx, cftrl of. 15i 


^^^^^ CDuH«rlniJ, Riohard, 1|1t«n of. 4(19 — 

Erftlyo. Joba. «0O. «ft1^. 



Fiudo. Mr. ai7. 


^^ft D* COfti, Enuuud MtndoTr UtUT of. 

F&fubA««, «ir Hcorjr, 114. 


^H w. 

PtrrT>r> bitbop, 31T- 


^^^Hp«k. auM«l, fatbt of, 310. 

P«ok<ixhAin, Joha« lUm of St. FMfii 


^^^^^^Dvislaa rfpior Mud? AnUinio, IT' 



^ DsiU«,Thi>uu, IctUnoT. 1 10, III, 149. 

Pfi«willUmt. Mr. »<t. 


^^1 D«je, John, prlntfr, \etta to, C 

F#U, Joba, biibop of Oxford, T«U«r t». 


^H Dee, Dr. Joba. IftUn of, 3f . 45. ST i 



^^m node* of lu« MS, aumblofrtpbf, 4S ; 

Fmcb, lordr pwUamnitArj procooding* 


^^1 petitkmtD Jtmn I, 4T. 

ngulnit. IliA, IGT. 


^H . Rowland, ,1-1. 

FlemtUvd, >fr. 3IT. 


^H Dcfoci U«ntcl, notice Of 3^0 1 leU«r» 

Fletcher, Dr Gi]», notloo of bu trco- 

_ ^^^^H 

^H gfp 3«>— 9«4, 

tbv " Of tbp UuHO CvinvanwMJib/' 

1 ^^^^^^^^1 

^^^_P«afaM. Mr V«<^. 

76— T5 I ■etouBt of bl# n^foFtatfaD 



lo RuAiU, 79, 


^^^^ Dfthun, Dr. TUtlun. Irttrr of, 3U1. 

Pdit, Jiihn, 138 ; bit AeCi Md Mvou- 


^^1 D*Cv«>, lir Sjuundu, iicFOuat of 1^; 

meQU, ^, 9a. 


^H blUrt U, 151, i:>7, lt», ns, 1714 

Fraoof. tutoof in KT'f, 40A. 


^^^H M4«i«froiik,l&4. Itftit 16t). m. 

FriutkliD, Dr. benjamU, lotUnof, 43S, 


^^^^^^PDB«idB]r<l>ooii. crron of iIm Nonnui 



^^^^H liatovribcnor. 


^^^^B>««^*. hir WiUinm. iHUr oT, 1T4. 

Giffe. Ilr. I}!l. 


^^^K)atluin-book, ih«. VliT, iGd. 

Oibaoa, Edaiund, bUbo|i of LoodOtt« 



^ 456 INDEX. ^^^^1 

^^^^^^^^H kttort of, CDDt^abif taiioub pvUcu- 

Hollix. ThoiDB*. bIofr«LpUc«J DOttee of, ^^^| 

^^^^^^^^^^1 Witffliu dditiaav of lb* BrilfUfii*, 

JZUi Ittun of, 37»-^SUi Titoolkr, ^^M 

^^^^^^1 314— «}7. S&J. 

i^l. 39f . ^H 

^^^^^^H Goodnoli, Mr. 139* 

Holnm, Ur. 101, fiST. ^^^H 


HattOD, Dr. ^. ^^^^| 

^^^^^^^H GUpm, QcFDKrd, ttttcr or, ^ i nolioc of 

Hawvd, lir tlciiirf, 130. ^^H 

^^^^^^^^H a Mrmon |»rvAi:b«d bj Lin bcforo 

HawAfdi, |>odipt« of thi, b; OudsB. ^^H 

^^^^^^1 Ed«ttnl 


^^^^^^^^H Greek mdnioJ MS. DDtlmof vattSa ibo 

ITflclKiTLt Dt. Joho, tjEogt*pbic«l aolteft^^^^^^ 

^^^^^^^1 poMMiioaelWulcj, tf«9» 9ri»,^4i 

I U^trct, tOl. ^^^^1 

^^^^^^^^H obtemitbni on Grc«k moBkcbr W«n- 

Htimbi-rtUK, 341. 34^. ^^^H 

^^^^^P Icr. 

HtKDpbrof duke of GJooowter, ootkc* ^^H 

^^^^^^V Qngor;, Or. OUatbus, 304. 

of •crenl of hit booki,35€. 33T, 3>sa. ^H 

n«UOD, Dr. Chu1e«i3M. ^^^H 

^^^^^^^^L Uiln, JobDt thr neT'Oecnorkble, 36t. 


^^^^^^^H lUlifm, CbArli;i cwL of, loLUn lu, '2(14, 

Ifutioj, St. S^Ibi oft 353. ^^^^H 

^^^^^^H 91h<, :t^p 23fl— 345, a^Bt Ivt- 


^^^^^^H tcr 

Junoa n. S6% 566. ^^^H 

Junea, Or. 9A. ^^^H 


^^^^^^^H lltrlrLitt libnrj, 5^5, 

Jvpaie>» Bvpprpjafon of the, 40.1, 404. ^^| 

^^^^^^H Mij. notice of. »aT. 

K«il], John, letter ot 34}. ^^| 

^^^^^^^H Huriit Dr. ^'iILUjh, letter* af^ 4oo, 

Kdlf^, Mr. 46. ^^^1 


Kmiictt, While, bJifaop of Polerbcroviht ^^^^^| 

^^^^^^^^L UtrHovn'i dcwrripCioo of Britani, vt* 

letter ^^^^H 

^^^^^^^^^^M tncfvA fmm I^Unil, 1^^. 

Kfit'i rebelhon, 55. C8. ^^^^| 

^^^^^^^H Heimc, TlioiuM, lEtl«c or 351. 

Kflluiaa. St.KC«UMtor, 242. 3SI. ^^^^| 

^^^^^^K Htfftth, Robert, 

KirkttalJ ibbrr, 337. ^^^^| 

^^^^^^^H HfDfligr, rir Tbomu, letUr of, -lA. 

Kluproth. MooB. 4«6. ^^^H 

^^^^^^^^H HtDtQfbim, tir Arthur. ^. 

Knox, Joba. 2il. ^^^^| 

^^^^^^H Hmrjr V, MS8, reUlutg to. tn IhcCot- 


ijUift DHtiy, ■c«»Moftfae,>Ol. ^^^^| 

^^^^^^^^H Htmiluinun, duccrvrw at, 3^Q, 30O, 

Uofuler Dr. 23U 339,234, 931. ^^M 

^^^^^^^H ItcmiBtvll. Mou. 44£, 

Ijmjfi, Mr. ^. ^^1 

^^^^^H H«rKhd. Dr. 4ld, 431, «t. -iSft, 4«9i 

LjrdiKr. Dr. Ntt^«nid, kU«rt of, 363, ^^| 


atli kt1«rt0.1TV. ^^M 

^^^^^H BktM, Dr. Gcet««, 9»?s ittUo of, 

UflJ'i MSS> 244. ^^^H 


IjmiMicr, 4?T. ^^^H 

^^^^^^H . Mlclmrl.kUvrCOfU, 

IjM, Hr Ufvrj, 94. ^^^^H 

^^^^^^H llinJcntwrfi. Mr. 

Labtb, JoWi, IcUcr of. ^^^^| 

^^^^^^H U«fiMh«A, Et 3£&. 

L«««F, ^liiBi. t^ ^^^^^1 

^ 4*7 ^^^^1 

^^^H B<4. 

Norg«l«. Mr- 1^. ^^^^H 

^^^^V lAiidt J<3iD» oUicttlOM of •utttoqn^Dl 

Noijv, Monn, de U, 59. ^^^^^H 

^^V wrUtri tO| 3i&. 

NoveU, Attxuidcv, eI«ui of St. FbuJ^b. ^^^^^^ 

^^^_ U N«T«, Peter, 101. «Sa. 

Sl> nocioc of bU Gftlecblim, f^lif. ; ^^^^^| 

^^^^H HcePM* to taiport booki, sreliblabDp'i 

Iriton of, VU, ML ^^^^H 

^^^^^^ puvfv uf i^matitii^ 3^&, 

, L*ianck4w, l««l«r of, 31 ^ m* ^^^^^^ 

^^H linnitiij. 19?. 

Cb««iK« t» MS, mftpt bf biv, i£i^. ^^^^^H 

^^H Uofrl, V^ilUim, bifhop of fit, AMpk. 


^^m trUcrof, 1^. 

Ociliy. It«r. SLmon. uoooot oif, UD ; ^^^^H 

^^M LomtvnJic dMUCtir, Mtun of, Ul, 

litton of, 3»0-^M I Utlrt fton bi« ^^^^| 



^^H Lot CoiJEiIri«i, vulTeriog* fr^m Uic 

Odojiil. Cbriiiopb^r, loCtcri of, 61. '#• ^^^^^t 

^^V Prenth in iii^i uid l/iu. 43^ — Ho. 

i bbAfTAf bicA] ouUiv <»r, 63, M, ^^^^^1 

^^B Lqc*>i iir Tbaiuai, VO, 9l, l^t. 


OvbOTH, Au*i rvfcrvDOf to Mf^. of bet ^^^^^^ 

^^^^H HiUlloD. "D« re dlplonutioa.** iSO, 

fUQCfkl pfOOMtiOD. ^^^^^^ 


, Pmr, B, 19: 1«t<*r to, 8 1 ^^^^H 

^^^^ BliMlcifidd, eul of. lelUr of, 397. 

lefcEitnoe to MS' kirrn of, rMi. ^^^^H 

^H M«A«, Mr, 1UI< 

, Thomii. ittUr of. 368. ^^^^^| 

^^m M«An. ibb^. biogrnphicfti noUoe id, 

Ujifordt Uobccrt lUcIrr, MrJ of, 350 i ^^^^H 

^H 41I| bttBn of, 413^4:^, 4«C-^U. 

leltcn to, ^M>— ^M, JGO i purubuc ^^^^^^| 

^H 4»— 451. 

libnrf bj €]«barB«, ^«. ^^^^^^^| 

^^V Ujiiuiockc, Mr 91* US. 


^H H«p4, Tffcrcnco to SutOD>, S3, J04 ; 

Pidorbom, ^^^^^^| 

^M to L. Kowell'i 31 ; to Nord«a'«, 104 

Pftdcml, Camiaot 3>aSi 390, 391, ^^^^| 

^^K to ODo hj Ci<urKC Ovtn, 104, 

P«J1m, iitofoMor, ]«uvr of* 40(i, ^^^^H 

^^H U>nbt NATDUBiLtf, arohbifhiip of Oub' 

Pi/ker, arohbUbop, Uttnof, 37- ^^^^^H 

^^m bti, *e«oiuic oU ^^i i ^K*r of, 2$^. 

< , fllr lliUfp, ^^^^1 

^^L^ Mu7 1. qu«c«, kttrr 1«. iJO- 

P«EriijL'« huwneUn. Alt. ^^^^^H 

^^^^^B Moonton, Mn. 4}, 

W). ^^^^H 

^^^V HorHoe, R^A^h, S3; Ull«r < iM.i 

Pc^talndi. otjtiom of Uiber'i US- of ^^^^| 

^^M hk •Bcoofii or Ibe bunong of Mf. 

lb* SuuritH), 131, 130, 139; ef ^^^H 

^^1 J}ttgtbt, 4lU« TboiDM Beoct, 54. 

Diber MSSpof Ibo Mine, 139; »dMe ^^^^H 

^H VnvUDe T»*», aoQoet of, 394-^397. 

found b oa« vf ibom bj MBnlor, ^^^^H 

^^M IdttieoTj Drrahuu*! loiMr of, ;6. 


P^ji, SvDOcl, »r. SSI, ft4t, 2C0i ^^^H 

^H Ko*JbfliD. abbtf. 4U. 429. 

letter ol. III 1 Uttv to, 979. ^^^^| 

^^1 KeiMaide. Jofc* of, iMtvr to, 397. 

Poi«T, tb« GMf, 31*. ^^^^^^1 

^H lnwb», VUlUDi, bubof of CuUil'i 

P«Ijt'f MS£. aotionof, n$. I^^^^H 

^H Ifitcr to. n9 1 lc<(or otf, US, 

Flott'i M&5, uotkee of, OO, ^^^^| 

^^^^ CJUiD. ROC. 


^^K 458 INDEX* ^^H 

^^^1 rocter, Jote,arcAibtikopirf CutertittrT, 

L*l>l«, 1»; dIcDoufy cit^* ■ 

^^M tMI«r* «/, ^1. 336. 

plBt«d Hr Dd LttA, I5li V7 air 1 

^^H M**^ Ur. B««o. Wdfor to. 1«S ; Wttcr 

Sjman^ lyBwB. IS4, ITS. 1 

^^H flrom, 33J. 

Satiaa, Cbrblofibcr. hk ^ft.SV, IM. 1 

^^^H PridMBx, Humfhnjt liUcr of. 1B4. 

SdoohnMlort, Iknuing «r, hj biifccfo, H 

^^H Prior, MftUbcw, lelUrv of, 7t J, <M. 

13S; IctUn rvp«cllaf, 39C— 2J0. 1 

^^^1 PiTi*^ fittrtM, md Uwrwick, p^r* 

3U. ^J 

^^^H ■nnnttfj pcocwLiig* in rcfer«ii«e 

MdBo, Joba, knw from, 143* ^^M 

^^H t<«, Itt:^, tifT. 

ScrtDOTf Tbomw, 90, 91 . ^^H 

^^^H PqcL«H0(, Hojnifitf 41. 

SWtebwr, ««ri «if, kcum of, U?^ ^^| 
Sturp. Mr. St7. ^^| 

^^^1 Hjan-ctug«, S1G. 

^^^^ lUj, Ji>bn» biosnphiefti nci1ic« of, 1^; 

^^^^K Iclten *>tt 194— 'J0«3 1 or bii wift. 

Sbtfranl, Or M4* ^^| 

^^^^y 207,900. ^9; bifl dnUi, ?t0,3l9. 

SidDAonCer, locieot ^ocH« «f, 30. ^^^| 

^^^V Btfjne*, cB|iC4Ui. 90^ 

Sidney, rff Ftiilif p 53. ^^H 

^^^1 ftieWdtt, bi«<oryof thoikpofliduior. 

Sinptoo, Tboai>«» 3Mh ^^H 

^^H 3», S£9. 

^^1 Rloic. Mr. 44C, 

bf Botun luucen oi«r. 3TJ — )T4, H 

^^^H KoblnjHa Cnuoe* anecdote rtluiai to. 

SlccCb, SUptUTO , TctUr of, 3^. 1 


Slome, dr lUiu, littUrto, from IU]r> 1 

^^1 RolUiuoa, &hr«nl, 304. 

IW— S06 1 Mn, lUy. au7— SW: S, ■ 

^^1 Hor^l MSS. in Brit. Mw. ^ F. II. Md 

DaU, 310: ^ doniliuDA lo Ifer 1 

^^^^ ]« O, VI, botkca uf. AST. 

Buaicljir.. 3*S. 303. ^^H 

^^^^H Sodoly, diaputet ifl, ia I'M, -Cff?. 

, \fiK- --Jfn . nnr^AB nf 1A7. ^^^^^1 

^^^r ftr^oB''- Thwnu, design of hU Poadwv, 

Smith, Hr Jdhn, Mngn|ibicAt torouau ^M 


of. 19. ea ; «ltf«cU rmoi hij " Dtf. 1 


OOUTNM.'* aB-SfM i ootkc of hk " In. 1 

^^^1 Sl CoUmb-kill'» EOtpeU, iccoiukt of, 

iItdccIom/' HH; nfcfcaoc to 31SS. fl 


of. «!» I lettfn of, 49. as. 1 

^^^^^ SftlnchliK Mr. P. leitcr u>. tG«. 

, Dr. lliomaf, tf&H. biofTVrWn] fl 

^^^^^^^ SiAJcDon, Nnihfti3k«J, bio^mpblofti DOticv 

nuliH of, 730 i ktlcn of, 83^— MT. ^^H 

^^^V of, :M0 ; UtUr <*f, i^itt. 

SoAcrt. lord fbumllor. J43. ^^^^M 

^^^H Saudjf, ircbbbbop. lelior of, 9T. 

Sooad. Doikc of apmmciiU Ob. 318. ^^^| 

^^H earile, lir Hrarr. m. Itl4. 

StfUlh, Dr. »4V, 341, 343. ^^1 

^^^H Sikion dur(rr«. clurkiUr «l tboM in 

SoiUbviUU «ir Rofccvlr bftcfnpbi««l »>. ^^V 

^^^^^ Uw CotUa Ubrtij, M9, ffjS, Sai, 

lle« of, 184 1 kiur to. idW. M 

^^^^^ Ma 1 cbutcT of Cr^jUnd. SSO, tSff; 

S|M»d, Jcte, biOfrMpbkiJ Qotin of, H 

^^^^^V of Petarboroofb, f:&0. 

1U«; kiten of»10e, 110, 111, 113- ^^1 


^ IKOBX. 4M ^^^1 

^V Speliaui. ttr UeiLr7, Ic(t«r> of, 1^3. li>4 ; 

TwLttjt, oipUiOt 97. ^^^H 

^^H 4e«ii oft 


^^H StvbbiTiE, Mr. 101, 

Udd, Mchulu. noiicfl of. 1 ; htier of, ^^^| 

^^H Sbnl^ «r lUcUnl. l«E<«n of^ A44— 



Uib«r, JuoM, irchbUhop of Armefh, ^^^H 

^^H StUl. Dr. 8«, 87. 

16A ; lettm of, 131, 139, 133. I3lt» ^^H 

^^^'^ JStOvr, John, 3JV&. 


^1 SCniTord, MTl Of, ctQMly tcaprLiODod* 


H IGJ, U9. 

■ir Peler, ^^^^| 

^H Stryp*. John, biofrapbio*] aotioo or, 

VenUf. iha trHafiiBiift«ipnB«DfuiuLaQ ^^^^^| 

H 1T«; t«tl#n if, Ufi, inn, t*[lt 1«t* 

tn ohMnvf*, Mt7 . ^^^^| 

H lento. 189. 190, irn. 337. 

VonicfKD, Rlcbtrd, biogrtphMtl aodee ^^^H 

^M Stu«rt'ft Athoui ^rcpcualfl for pubUoft- 


H Uonof, 3B1 , 393. 

WnMrn, John, Utier of, UO, ^^^H 

H Stnbbi, Joba, AO, 41 i Uttcn oC, 40, 

W«lJiji, Dr, 30tf, ^^^1 

^H 4J i kD]i|}|ic«Lbri at his wifo, 41, 

WaJjiTi^liiiBi, m\i Pnndit 94. ^H 

H Suffidh. duku of, IS. 

WboUj, Uumptrnj, 101, 9^i Ui ^^^H 

H fivlA, D«Mi, I«ll«« of, 33a--S44. 

Talouta* of Lli« mtftffAg* or Iht So- ^^^^| 

dfltyof Anitquirin ta 1707. 100 t ^^^H 

H Tvfiiua, Mr lOU, 101. 

letten of, 9^7— 304, 919, ^Ai kt- ^^H 

^M tatflsiid, leomBt «l the, 14?, 

t«n to, 23ft— 2S7, 98.1, .101, 104— ^^H 

^1 Iknocff. ThootMi huhop of St, Aiqib, 

315, 355, .^5B ; Dr. llkka'i ia. ^^^^H 

H 991,999, 2S3,1f?6,935, SOO. 

vtnutioti* to Mm when ^oing to ^^^^^^H 

^B TehIsuil, Tboioait vcbblshop of CAOtv- 

Cambridice to loapoct M99. 9M3 ; U« ^^^^^H 

H bar 7, ?T1. 

uoonQt of M6&, hfl HIT thert, 901 i ^^^H 

^1 Thlrlhy, Thomjii, hi4hopnrRlr. ':A,9tf : 

offinn Dr^ HicliM « «alA]a|>u «f Ehc ^^^^H 

^1 crutlf ntrcmfld bj Cnninor, :£6h 

Saion MSS. Id EncUnd, 9f)9. ^^H 

H^ Tbonabr, RjJpb, Utter of, U7. 

Ward, Joho. profntor, letlcn to, J63» ^^^^| 

^^^B ThracbmoitoDt ^ Robert, letter to, 74, 

3TI , 3T9— 3f»G : lelim at, 3Gfl, ^7^. ^^H 

^^^V TlOoUOB. Jobo, itchbUH>p of C%nUir- 

Wtrv« iir Jftinn, Ie1t«n of. 135, 144. ^^^| 

^^^ bvfj. ktl0r of. 1!«| biogmpblcat 

Wtrrcn* \i^lUU& Ctfl, Jotter to, 9fiS. ^^^| 

H Mtlo* of. K«. 

WATwkk, Ad^ITom «rt of, 55, 56,71, ^^^| 

H Tlpptr. Mr. Jobu, IaIuh of, 304-^15, 


H TotMd* J<dib. 2W. t^7, ^iB. 

Waltihm. iDTi7nlion of ihn jmr^tlinff iil^ ^^^^H 

^^ Tvokr, rv«. WilliAoi. l^eur of,499. 


^^^K Tofrtde?, Richard, biofnipbiod ooticw 

Wthh ottKbiiina, \vi. ^^^^M 

^^H of, .lU; tmiortu, 31^. 

Wrttuinitvr Ahhty lUinuy, 149, 143. ^^^H 

^^^H iVctiorc, Ikeiuc to uwvb Ibr, J3- 

Wbwiock, Alrduo, l*lt«n to, 143 ^^^| 

^^^^ iWbcr* demn, Prmcb UsmtftUga «f hU 

— 149, lAA-lMI, 141, 163, 17aj ^^H 

^K Letton'-CW^oWp-' 4S0. 

lettort from, 157, lOO. ^^^H 



Whitoker, Williua, Uogr^Ued noUoe 

of, 66. 
WMtglfB, John, vrdkbUhop M Canter* 

fauTj. 44, 86 i letter [>f, 44. 
WlUooflfabr, ?r«ndi, 196. 

' " > " > of PutiiH, lord, notbe of 

■ ion of hii, IBS. 
WUUuDi, dr Koger, £9. 
Wilaon, Dr. ThomM, IS, 41 j Uo- 

gnphfed mtke of, S8, 39 ; letter 

of, 38. 
WlodeWbk, dr Ftuieb, Ui MOipe to 

Fnnoe, 164, 169. 

Wltaettea to obnten, ttadaQt mode of 

procuring^ ^S> 
WoolhooM, W. S. B. a06. 
Wraa, lii Chrictopher, ^49. 
• ■, Chriitopher, wq of <lr Cbfi«* 

topher, noticeof, 346| lettnrof.iM. 

Taxriej, Pr>adi, 13. 
Yonn;, Mr. 46. 

■ , Patriok, ITS, 1T4 ; ktten oT^ 
143t 173. 

SMft, Hr. 446. 

LOHDOlr I tt >. inOROLA Am» K»f, tUBTftAt, S5, rABUAIRIfT aTKnT. 

■^ 48751 br 



1 ■"""■■ 







1415) 723M93 

All books moy be recalled ofler 7 doyi 





■, HAY OiB* 
JW30 2005 


t 1