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Full text of "The origin and services of the 3rd (Montreal) Field Battery of Artillery : with some notes on the artillery of by-gone days, and a brief history of the development of field artillery"






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THE 3 RD (MONTREAL) FIELD BATTERY 

. . ITS . . 

ORIGIN AND SERVICES. 







LIEUTENANT-COLONEL A. A. STEVENSON 



THE 



ORIGIN AND SERVICES 



OF THE 



Montreal) field Battery of Artillery 



WITH SOME NOTES OX 



THE ARTILLERY OE BY-GONE DAYS, AND A BRIEF HISTORY 
OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF FIELD ARTILLERY. 



BY 



CAPTAIN ERNEST J. CHAMBERS 

ist PRINX-E OK WALES REGIMENT, FusruKus 



" fhe nimble gunner 

With lynstock now the devilish cannon touches 
And down goes all before him." 

Shakespeare. 



MONTREAL 

E. L. RUDDY, 1674 NOTRE DAME STREET 
PUBLISHER 

1898 




CHAPTER 

I The Artillery of By-Gone Days 

1 1 Organization of the Montreal Field Battery 

III The Earliest Days of the Battery .... 

IV On Service During the Fenian Raids . 
V Service in Aid of the Civil Power . . 

VI The Work and Changes of Recent Years . 

VII The Battery as it is To-day 

VIII Some Official Recognitions of Efficiency . 

List of Officers . . . . , 

Roll of Honour 



HACK 

9 
16 

3 
42 
56 
62 
72 
75 
Si 
82 



Of* 



o oo o oooooooo ooo o 




oe. 



It is most meet \ve arm us gainst the foe ; 
For peace itself should not so dull a kingdom, 
But that defences, musters, preparations 
Should be maintained, assembled and collected, 
As were a war in expectation. 

HKNRY V, ACT ii, SCKNK 4. 



We have it on no less an authority than that of Colonel Ivor Herbert, at one 
time Commander-in-Chief of the Active Militia Force of Canada that the Artillery 
is the most efficient branch of the Dominion s defensive force. This fact being- 
conceded, a short history of one of the oldest and most efficient corps in the most 
efficient branch of the service should be welcome to all interested in the Canadian 
Militia, as helping to show how the foundations of that efficiency were laid, and 
how developed. 

I venture to express the hope with all modesty, and with a livelv appreciation 
of the defects which must exist in any hurried historical compilation of this 
character, that this book will prove not merely interesting, but also useful, to the 
members of the 3rd Field Battery. 

Anyone who has taken an intelligent interest in military affairs knows that 
esprit de corps has as much practical effect upon the efficiency of any kind of a 
military organization as has its drill, its dicipline, its interior economy, and even 
its equipment. 

There has always been a sturdy, honest corps spirit in the Montreal Field 
Batter}-, officers and men being proud of their battery and of themselves. 
I venture to hope that these pages will help to show them that their pride in the 
past record of their fine corps is well founded, and assist in keeping the com 
mendable spirit alive in the Batter}- for all time. 



Here I would like to remark that it appears to me that by assisting every 
military corps in the country to write up to date, and keep written up, its record of 
services from the very beginning, the Militia Department could do much in the 
direction of improving the efficiency of the Force. Had records of the services 
rendered by the Quebec Frontier Battalions in the defence of this country been 
preserved and published, very shame would have prevented the loyal people of the 
frontier counties from allowing their historical battalions, with gallantly earned 
battle honours on their colours, to die for lack of popular support. 

While thanking all who have assisted me in the preparation of this little 
book, I would especially like to express my gratification at being privileged to 
embody in these pages what might be described as the military memoirs of that 
splendid old Canadian soldier, Lieutenant-Colonel A. A. Stevenson, a man known 
from one end of this country to the other not less for his open-handed hospitality, 
his exceptional urbanity and his good work in municipal life as an Alderman of the 
City of Montreal, than for his exceptionally valuable services in the Active Militia. 

Most of the information I have embodied in the chapters on the Earliest Days 
of the Battery, the Fenian Raids, and Service in aid of the Civil Power was given 
to me, during a series of interviews, by Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson, and militia 
men everywhere, particularly when they are aware of its source, will regard it as a 
valuable contribution toward the military history of Canada. 

ERXEST J. CHAMBERS, 

38A Park Avenue, 

Montreal, Que. 
August 3ist, 1898. 



A CARD OF THANKS 




T is but natural, that, as commanding officer of the Third Field Battery, I 
should avail myself of the opportunity presented by the publication of this 
history of the corps to express in a public and enduring way the thanks of 
myself and the officers, non-commissioned officers, and men of my command, to 
those whose assistance and hard work have accomplished such a satisfactory result. 

First I must express the gratitude of all ranks in the Batter} 7 to the kind and 
generous friends whose subscriptions have enabled us to overcome the great finan 
cial difficulties attending such an undertaking as this. 

I have also great pleasure in expressing the thanks due to former members of 
the Batter} who have contributed the information on which the history of our 
organization has been framed. 

All who read these pages will, I am sure, agree with me that the Batter} has 
been fortunate in securing as its historian Captain Chambers, an officer who, since 
his joining the old High School Cadet Rifles as a boy, has taken a constant, active 
and intelligent interest in Militia matters, and whose pen, as a journalist, has 
always been devoted to what he considered to be the best interests of the Force. 
I venture to say that this is one of the most interesting of the series of corps 
histories contributed to military literature by Captain Chambers, and it is safe to 
predict that the result of his researches as presented in the following pages will be 
perused with general interest, and will have for all time a stimulating effect upon 
the esprit de corps of the Battery. 

I feel that it is moreover incumbent upon me to publicly thank the publisher, 
Mr. E. L. Ruddy, for the conscientious way in which he has executed his part of 
the work. Mr. Ruddy has done all he agreed to do and more, and the splendid manner 
in which the book has been brought out is creditable alike to his conscientious 
effort and to his good taste. 

RICHARD COSTIGAX, Major, 

Commanding the Third Field Battery. 



THE GUERTIN PRINTING COMPANY 
MONTREAL 




THE ARTILLERY OF BY-GONE DAYS. 



HE artillery has held a most conspicuous place in the British 
Army for years, though the present regiment of Royal 
Artillery dates no further back than May, 1716. 

According to Richard s history of Her Majesty s Army, 
from the chaos of confusion, ineptitude and disorganization 
which represents the history of the Ordnance prior to the 
above date, there stands boldly out the record of what 
English gunners did in by-gone days and in the battles of the olden 
time. English guns thundered or tried to thunder at Vannes and 
Crecy, Agincourt and Falaise, at the Battle of the Spurs, at Flodden 
Field, in the battles fought by William and Marlborough, in the 
early Jacobite struggles in Ireland and Scotland. But it is little 
more than the bare fact which appears ; the principal details survi 
ving are those of wearisome orders of an incompetent Board of 
Ordnance, displaying carelessness and ignorance, and jobbery and 
all the evil propensities of red tape in excelcis. Strange and unfamiliar names 
and offices, of persons and things, are discernible in this blurred record, continuing, 
some of them, into the period of nascent order. We read of robinets and minions, 
of culverins and basiliskes ; the men who worked or were responsible for these 
strange sounding weapons were matrasses, artificers, petardiers, master gunners, 
chief bombadiers, fireworkers, over ail of whom was a chief firemaster, 




The Royal Fusiliers were raised in 1685 for the special protection of tie 
English gunners, who were at that date civilian artificers. All the Fusilier 
regiments were originally intended for the special protection of the artillery, 
and the grenade is still borne by them in memory of this ancient service. 

Though artillery had been in use in British armies for over four hundred 
years the artillerymen were not yet regarded as soldiers, but as mechanics 
depending upon other soldiers for protection. But, however regarded, it is a matter 
of history that they had rendered splendid aid to the state. Cannon are said to 
have been used by the English armies on the continent in the reign of Henry III, 
1216-1272, and were unquestionably nsed at the capture of Berwick by Edward 
III in 1333. At Crecy, 1346, and at Calais, the following year, Edward IV used 
four cannon against his French enemies ; and the Moors are said to have used . 
cannon in defending Algeciras in 1343. The Board of Ordnance was first con 
stituted during the reign of Elizabeth, about 1597, but as far back as 1414 the 
ordnance possessed by England was superintended by a Master of the 
Ordnance." The word ordnance was derived from the " Ordinance " or law 
anciently made to regulate the bore, size and bulk of the artillery. (Capt. Perry s 
book on Rank, Badges and Dates.) 

Though the first use of English artillery appears to have been in the field, 
the organization of the artillery, when such was attempted, appears to have been 
directed towards the recognizing only of the garrison branch. The Master Gen 
eral of Ordnance had the control of all the master gunners and gunners of the 
various garrisons, but held no command in the field without being specially 
appointed. In 1755 a train of field artillery was organized in Madras, and in 1798 
the companies of the Regiment of Royal Irish Artillery, the successors of the 
detachment of the Royal Artillery sent to Dublin in 1755, were divided into 
" Heavy " (Siege) and " Light " (Field). The Light had four six-pounders each. 
The guns and waggons were horsed and driven by the " Driver Corps." 

The corps of Royal Artillery drivers was established in 1793, gradually 
reduced after the peace of 1814 and finally abolished in 1822. Until 1815 the 
officers were not Royal Artillerymen, and the rank and file were never artillery 
men. The officers of the Driver Corps were styled " Corps of Captain Commis 
saries." Until 1794 the men were styled " Royal Waggoners." In 1814 
there were twelve troops of these men. It was found during the Peninsular War 
that the divided allegiance of the Driver Corps caused frequent difficulties in the 
field batteries. Towards the end of that campaign the officers of the Driver 
Corps were only allowed full control over their men in matters of pay and 
subsistence. 

Up to so recent a date as 1877 there were no permanent Field batteries in 
the British regular service, garrison companies being detailed for field duty when 
required. The unwieldiness of the field guns used at Falkirk in 1745 forced on 
an improvement in this arm. In 1746 two artillery companies were sent to 



10 











HIS EXCEU.KNCY THE GOVKRNOR-GENERAI, OK CANADA 

THE EARI, OF MINTO, IXC., K.C.M.G. 



Flanders, and for a short time two three-pounder guns were attached to each of 
the seven infantry battalions on active service on that campaign. During the 
next two years three more companies were sent, and there were thirty-two six- 
pounders serving with the infantry battalions. The guns were as a rule attached 
in pairs, under a subaltern and two non-commissioned officers, to the different 
infantry battalions. One waggon accompanied each pair of guns. These guns 
seriously impeded the movements of the infantry, and sometimes had to be 
abandoned altogether. Their loss diminished the confidence of all the infantry 
who had been trained to consider their assistance necessary. In 1795 the "Bat 
talion" (Field) guns marched past at the head of the regiments to which they 
were attached. The ammunition waggon followed the column. ^At this period 
the artillerymen of the Battalion guns in Ireland were required to instruct in each 
infantry regiment at least thirty rank and file under a subaltern and two 

sergeants. 

In 1798 there were a large quantity of field guns in the British service, but 
a marked deficiency of trained gunners and horses. The British field artillery 
steadily improved during the Peninsular War, until it was acknowledged to be the 
best in Europe. Its value was much enhanced by the use of Colonel Shrapnel s 
shells. When Waterloo brought peace to war-sick Europe, there were no less 
than 114 troops and companies of field artillery. 

Among the ordnance stores sent out in the early days of artillery were 
numerous sets of men-harness, and in many cases the guns were drawn by drag- 
rope instead of horses. The first pieces used by the British in America were so 
moved about. 

Artillery played no important part in the wars of the French and English 
colonists against the Indians. This is natural considering the insurmountable 
difficulties of transport. But when the war which resulted in the conquest of 
Canada began, the importance of maintaining artillery in the field in spite of 
untrodden forests and almost impassable bogs was realized by both combatants, 
but especially, apparently, by the British. When Braddock arrived at Alexandria, 
Virginia, to conduct his fatal expedition to the Ohio Valley there were sent him 
from Ireland the 44th and 48th Regiments and the battalion guns attached to 
them, manned by a detachment of fifty men of the regiment of artillery. The 
French do not appear to have been so careful to keep their colonial forces supplied 
with ordnance. When the French were in possession of Fort Beausejour they 
had no artillery ; but they managed to deceive their watchful enemies in Fort 
Lawrence, near by. They provided sections of trunks of birch, maple and other 
hard, well-grown trees, which they shaped and bored after the fashion of cannon, 
securing them from end to end with cordage, and from one of these they regularly 
fired a morning and evening gun as is customary in garrisons. Upon the reduc 
tion of the place by Monckton, an enquiry was made for the cannon, and it was 
then discovered how the force in Fort Lawrence had been deceived. 



12 




MAJOR-GENERAL E. T. H. HrrroN, C.B., A.D.C. TO THK QUEEN 

COMMANDING THE MILITIA OK CANADA 



The French authorities appear to have made no earnest effort to establish an 
artillery force in connection with their very comprehensive militia system, which 
under the law of fiefs made all the male inhabitants, with a very few exceptions, 
liable for military service. The theory of the French authorities appeared to be 
that if they could depend upon the population of the colony for participation in 
their campaigns as voyageurs or guerillas that was all that they would require. 
They were consequently not even drilled to any extent in infantry tactics. But, 
according to General Murray s report, an artillery company was organized in 
Quebec, for he reports on the militia organization of the French regime as 
follows : " The militia were generally reviewed once or twice a year to inspect 
their arms. The militia of the City of Quebec were frequently exercised, and the 
company of artillery every Sunday were exercised at the great gun practice, under 
the orders and directions of the artillery sergeant-major of the King s troops." 

The first use made of British field artillery in America, while failing to 
prevent the disaster of Fort du Quesne, reflected great credit upon the artillery 
men. We read that on that fatal day when Braddock s force was ambushed, 
when the infantry regiments staggered and hesitated under the deadly fire suddenly 
poured upon them from the dense covert, the artillery, although without orders, 
pressed to the front, and their leading guns, the field pieces attached to the 44th 
Regiment, plied the thickets with grape and cannister, but in a few minutes all 
the officers and most of the gunners were stretched bleeding upon the field. How, 
after the guns had been thus silenced, the panic became a rout, and how the 
artillery shared the fate of the wounded and all the baggage, including the luck 
less general s private papers, is familiar to every reader of Canadian history. 

The artillery of the British forces operating during this war was used to 
more purpose in other and more suitable fields. When Baron Dieskau and his 
veteran French soldiers made their spirited attack upon the British entrench 
ments on Lake George (1755) they were checked by Johnson s guns, and disheartened 
by finding the position armed with artillery. After several gallant attacks they 
dispersed in the forest leaving their leader mortally wounded on the field. 

All of the British expeditions of any account appear to have had detachments 
of field artillery, though the difficulty of moving the guns through the vast tracts 
of forests, hampered them considerably in their progress. When Abercromby, 
with presumptuous haste, rashly precipitated his splendid infantry against Mont- 
calm s lines of abatis in rear of the fort at Ticonderoga, committing them thereby 
to certain and complete annihilation, his artillery was, on account of bad roads, 
yet lagging in the rear. The artillery officers in charge of the " Battalion " field 
guns were doing their best to overcome the natural obstacles, and if the impetuous 
general had waited for a few hours until the guns came up and had used them 
properly, the British army would probably have been spared one of the most 
disastrous defeats in its history. Some authorities of the time said that one hour 
of well plied artillery would have swept Montcalm s rude barrier away, Lord Mahon 



saying in his history that Abercromby was either misinformed or presumptuous 
to expect to force this strong position by infantry alone, and attacking without 
awaiting his artillery. 

When in 1759 Amherst undertook the task in which Abercromby had failed, 
the conquest of Canada by Lakes George and Champlain and the Richelieu, his 
large army included one hundred and eleven of the Royal Artillery, having under 
charge fifty-four pieces of ordnance of various descriptions. The French forces 
opposed to him appear to have been well supplied with artillery such as it was. 
When de Bourlemaque, after abandoning Ticonderoga and Crown Point, made a 
stand at Isle aux Noix, he still had a hundred pieces of cannon, but only a small 
proportion were suitable for field service. The French did not appear to place 
the same importance upon the use of field guns as did the British. The day 
when Wolfe broke the backbone of French power in Canada on the Plains of 
Abraham great exertions were used to get field guns up the cliff to support the 
immortal line of infantry. The sailors of the fleet, by almost superhuman efforts, 
succeeded in getting one small piece hoisted up to the historic plateau and it 
rendered useful service during the battle which was precipitated almost as soon 
as it was got into position. The French would have had no such difficulty in 
taking a large number of field pieces into action with them, but as a matter of 
fact they only used two. It would be hard to credit such evident neglect did we 
not find it distinctly stated in Townsend s official report to Pitt after the action. 

The lone British field gun which helped to make history on that memorable 
1 3th of September, though hoisted up the cliffs with the assistance of the sailors 
of the fleet, was served during the battle by the artillery, and the detachment 
casualty list shows that the gunners got their share of the hard knocks. It was 
as follows: Killed, one gunner; wounded, one "engineer", one bombadier, one 
gunner, five matrosses (assistant gunners or ammunition handlers). One of the 
two field pieces taken into action by Montcalm was captured by the victors, and 
during the final stages of the action the sailors succeeded in hoisting another gun 
up the cliff. By the evening of the lyth no less than sixty-one pieces of heavy 
and fifty-seven of light ordnance were mounted on British batteries on the Plains 
of Abraham and ready to open fire upon the city. On the i8th, Quebec surren 
dered and the Louisburg Grenadiers marched in, preceded by a detachment of 
Artillery and one gun, with the British flag hoisted on a staff upon the carriage. 
This flag was then hoisted upon the highest point of the Citadel to demonstrate 
that the British were in occupation. 



CHAPTER II 



ORGANIZATION OF THE MONTREAL FIELD BATTERY. 




S soon as Canada had passed under British rule, within a 
couple of weeks of the capitulation of Montreal to General 
Aniherst in fact, King George s officers set seriously to 
work to secure the organization of a militia force in 
Canada. Under the French regime Canada had had 
a most comprehensive and useful militia system, a system 
which had produced a force of gallant and hardy men that had 
done not a little to ward off the day of ultimate conquest. The 
military administrators appointed immediately after the insti 
tution of British rule set themselves assiduously to work to 
organize a British Canadian militia upon the ruins and the 
actual lines of the old French colonial militia. It is a remark- 
S. able feature of the British colonial policy whether in the Far 
^ r ~ " East, the Far West or the Far South, that the British admin 
istrators have shown enough confidence in themselves and in 
the people of foreign blood made fellow subjects by conquest, to 
place arms in the hands of the latter and rely upon them doing 
their share towards the protection of the Union Jack. And this practice has 
unquestionably had much to do with the success of Britain s colonial policy. 
That the British conquerors were willing to return to the officers of the militia 
their arms and their commissions, simply upon their taking the oath of allegiance 
to their new sovereign, must have been soothing to the pride of a proud people 
like the French Canadian noblesse, and they were none the slower to appreciate 
this mark of confidence in them when they considered the ungracious treatment 
they had received at the hands of the officers of the French regular army and the 
servants of the old civil administration. 

The first militia organization under British rule in Canada was, strange as 
it may seem at first glance, instituted rather to facilitate the administration of 
justice than to provide an effective militar}* organization for the defence of the 
newly acquired colony. Some kind of a judiciary had to be established, and 
naturally the army officers had more faith in the military element in the com 
munity than in any other. The professional instinct is more keenly developed 

16 



in military men than in any other class perhaps, and it is but natural that such 
should be the case. So the militia captains of the old French regime, after taking 
the oath of allegiance were authorized to sit as judges in certain cases in their 
districts, and their sergeants acted as criers, bailiffs, constables, etc. 

But it was not long before Canadian militia were enrolled for military duties. 
Ainherst s army took possession of Montreal after the capitulation of Canada 
September 8th, 1760, and in March, 1764, an order was issued for the enrollment 
of two companies of militia in the " Government " of Quebec, two in that of 
Montreal and one in that of Three Rivers. The occasion, of course, was the 
Indian uprising in the West, known in history as the Conspiracy of Pontiac. 

Disputes having arisen as to the validity of the old French militia commis 
sions, and civil government having been in the meantime established in Canada, 
an ordinance was proclaimed by Governor Murray, in 1765, declaring that "the 
keeping up of a militia in this Province at this juncture is not necessary 
and ordaining that "on the establishment of British Civil Government in this 
Province, the militia before that time established in the same was thereby abolished 
and taken away to all intents and purposes whatsoever . . . ." 

Carleton organized a militia for the defence of Canada at the time of the 
American Revolution, and some of the militia corps fought valiantly, at St. Johns, 
at Quebec and at other places. Three hundred of the Montreal militia formed the 
greater part of the force with which Major Garden captured Fthan Allen and his 
force of Vermonters near Longue Pointe. After the war the militia organizations 
were disbanded. Acts providing for the organization of a militia were passed in 
1784 and 1786, but the militia provided for was purely a sedentary one, and existed 
on paper only. The legislation passed by the assemblies of both Upper and 
Lower Canada providing for the organization of the militia, and the prominent parts 
taken by the militia of those days in the War of 1812 and in the suppression of 
the Rebellion of 1837-38 are matters of general history. 

Canadian militiamen assisted to man the guns in Quebec at the time of 
Montgomery s assault, but it was not until 1812 that a regularly organized militia 
artillery corps was established in the then two provinces of Canada. This was a 
garrison artillery company at Montreal, which the 2nd Regiment of Canadian 
Artillery now regard as the original of their present organization. Probably the 
oldest artillery corps in the Dominion of Canada as it stands to-day is the 3 rd 
New Brunswick Regiment of Canadian Artillery, which claims direct descent 
from the " Loyal Company of Artillery " organized at St. John, May 4th, 1793. 

According to Sir James Lemoine, whose historical researches in the Quebec 
district have been practically invaluable, an artillery corps of three companies 
known as the Royal Quebec Volunteer Artillery, existed at the Ancient Capital 
in 1837. The uniform was identical with that of the Royal Artillery. This corps 
was composed of a fine set of men, officered like the infantry by young merchants 
and professional men, who, having been instructed by the regulars, acquired 



great proficiency, particularly in the art of gunnery, and handled the cannoTf 
around the battlement walls in a most creditable manner, forming an important 
part of the service for garrison duty. 

It was not until 1855 that field artillery figured in the Canadian militia lists. 
As a matter of fact it is doubtful that such a thing as a militia field battery existed 
in any service before that date. It will be remembered that 1854 was the date of 
the opening of the Crimean War, when Britain and France made common cause 
against Russian aggression, and a general war appeared impending. Britain was 
especially unprepared for the contest. During the long peace that had followed 

the tremendous victor} 7 of the Iron Duke 
at Waterloo, the army had been allowed 
to dwindle away, and the equipment was of 
the worst, while the administration of the 
Army was extremely deficient. Every train 
ed soldier and every field gun in Canada was 
needed in the Crimea, and this at a time 
when military protection for this country 
might be required at any moment. The 
Home government at this crisis practically 
depended upon this country to protect itself, 
and the people were equal to the occasion. 
The organization of several corps of militia 
was authorized, among them the Montreal 
Field Battery. 

The chief credit for the organization of this 
corps belonged to Major W. F. Coffin. That 
gentleman was a man of large general inform- 

Jation and had the advantage of a generous 
education. He w as a man of man}- parts. 
He had held an important appointment in the 
Court House at Montreal, had been entrusted 
with the organization of the government 
offices and was at the head of the railway 
running from Caughnawaga to Plattsburg, one of the oldest railways in Canada. 
He was named by the government to administer and generally look after the 
valuable property turned over by the Imperial government to the Colonial one, 
and he finally disposed of the principal land areas. He held various other im 
portant appointments under the old administration and the later Colonial govern 
ment. He was a wealthy man, owning large tracts of land in the Eastern 
Townships. Mrs. Coffin, a fine old lady of the old stamp, is still living in 
Montreal, bright and intelligent in spite of her eighty-seven years. Mr. T. C. 
Coffin, manager of the Quebec office of the Quebec Bank is a son. 

18 




From a Daguerreotype 

I,IF.rT.-O>I. \\ I 1,1,1AM FRANCIS COFFIN 

MUST COMMANIMM; o! i IO:K <n TIII-: MONTREAL 

I- IKM) HATTKKV. 



The transactions of the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec, an institu 
tion whose publications are of the greatest interest to all students of Canadian 
history, for the session of 1872-73, contained a paper by Lieut. -Colonel Coffin on 
" Some additional incidents in connection with the siege and blockade of Quebec, 
in 1775-76." _ 

From this it appears that the grandfather, father and two uncles of the organ 
izer of the Montreal Field Battery were all present in Quebec during the siege ; and 
the former took a very active part in that notable event. 

The ancestry of the founder of the Battery, it appears from the cleverly 
written paper mentioned above, was worthy of the brave and loyal corps he 
established. 

John Coffin, the grandfather of the Major, though an unobtrusive, undemon 
strative man was a resolute loyalist. Born and brought up in Boston, in the years 
before the historical tea party in Boston Harbour, he resisted the revolution, and 
made himself so obnoxious to the revolutionists that he was by name proscribed, 
and his property confiscated by act of the Massachusetts Legislature, September, 
1778. Forewarned by friends, and taking time by the forelock, he freighted a 
schooner, of which he was part owner, with his family and worldly goods, and 
coasted round from Boston to Quebec, where he must have arrived in or about 
June, 1775, for the following month he purchased a piece of land under Cape 
Diamond. 

According to Sir James Lemoine " In the United Bmpire Loyalists, the War of 
Independence added a most noticeable element of prosperity and refinement to the 
population of Canada. Some 10,000 staunch adherents of the British Crown came 
across the Border, or penetrated by ship to New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. These 
brave men had sacrificed fortune and position to consistency, and their allegiance to 
King George ; and King George, as a good and paternal sovereign, indemnified them 
by pensions, land grants, honours, and emoluments, to the best of the ability of 
the British exchequer." It must be remembered that the British exchequer was not 
in anything like so sound a position in 1777 as it is to-day. 

After purchasing his Quebec property, Mr. John Coffin went to work at once 
to establish a distillery, when his labours were interrupted by the American 
invasion in September ; and from that time to the end of the siege of Quebec, his 
infant industry was paralyzed. Nor was this the sturdy loyalist s only trouble at 
the time. A brig belonging to him had been detained by the British consul at 
Lisbon for six months, as being the property of a rebel, though at this very time he 
was carrying a brown bess for His Majesty at Quebec. 

To what effect he carried his musket in the King s service is shown by docu 
ments which speak for themselves. His services attracted attention in quarters 
capable of appreciating them, as is shown by the following letter received by Mr. Coffin 
from Colonel Allan Maclean, 87th Regiment, who commanded the heroic garrison 
of Quebec during the siege of 1775-76 : 



" QUEBEC, 28 JULY, 1776. 
" Sir :- 

" As I am, in a few days, going to England with despatches from the Commander- 
in-Chief, I should be glad to know if I could be of any service to you. Power to do 
yon any material service I have none ; but your conduct during the siege of Quebec, 
last winter and spring, makes it a duty on my part to give you my testimony and 
approbation of every part of your conduct. Truth must always have some weight 
with His Majesty and his ministers, who, I am certain, wish to reward deserving 
men like you. To your resolution and watchfulness on the night of December 3ist, 
1775, in keeping the guard at Pres-de-Ville under arms, waiting for the attack 
which you expected; the great coolness with which you allowed the rebels to 
approach ; the spirit which your example kept up among the men, and the very 
critical instant in which you directed Captain Barnsfare s fire against Montgomery 
and his troops, to these circumstances alone I do ascribe the repulsing of the 
rebels from that important post, where, with their leader, they lost all heart. 

" The resolutions you entered into, and the arrangements you made to maintain 
that post, when told you were to be attacked from another quarter, were worthy of 
a good subject, and would have done honor to an experienced officer. I thought it 
incumbent upon me to leave with you this honorable testimony of your services, as 
matters that were well known to myself in particular ; and I should be happy, at 
any time, to have it in my power to be useful to yon ; and do assure you that I am, 
with truth and regard, sir, your most obedient and most humble servant, 

"Mr. Coffin. (Signed,) ALLAN MACLEAN." 

This generous testimony, on the part of Colonel Maclean, sufficiently estab 
lishes the share which John Coffin took in the defence of the Pres-de-Ville. He was 
not in command ; he was not an officer ; he was simply a volunteer soldier defend 
ing the hearthstone of his Canadian home. Other Canadian volunteers, thousands 
of them, have given their life blood for the same cause. 

Lieut.-CoL Henry Caldwell, who commanded the "British" Militia (English 
speaking residents of Quebec) during the siege, certifies by a document given under 
his hand, May, 1787, that "John Coffin, Esq. served in the British militia under 
my command, during the siege of this town by the rebels, from November, 1775, to 
May, 1776; during all of which time he conducted himself and behaved with the 
greatest spirit, xeal and activity in the King s service, which, by his example, was 
very much promoted, particularly on the attack of the 3ist December, when he very 
much distinguished himself." 

The same officer in another letter wrote that soon after the enemy was repulsed 
on the Pres-de-Ville side " some old women brought an account that the rebels had 
surprised the post at Sault-au-Matelot, and had got into the lower town. Part of the 
garrison, that had lately behaved so well, were struck with a panic, and began, some 
to hide their arms, and some to throw them into the river. The officer began to 



20 





MAJOR RICHARD COSTIGAN 

COMMANDING MONTRKAI. FIELD BATTKKY 



feel a little frightened, when a Mr. Coffin, a British gentleman, who, with his wife 
and twelve children had taken refuge there, expecting to find there peace and 
quietness, and who had served previously in our militia, drew his bayonet, and 
declared he would put the first man to death who laid down his arms or who attempted 
to abandon his post ; by which means he re-established order, and with the assist 
ance of Captain Barnsfare (a ship captain), who commanded the seamen, got two of 
the guns pointed at the opposite sides, in case Arnold s people, having got into the 
Lower-Town, should attempt to force the post on that side." 

Sir Guy Carleton, in a letter dated December 25th, 1779, had the following to 
sa} r about Mr. Coffin: "Having observed in all his conduct, from his arrival in 
the Province of Quebec till I left it, a constant attachment and zeal for the King s 
service, as well as the manner of a prudent, worthy man, I could not but interest 
myself for him. Yet his conduct and judicious behaviour on the morning of the 
3ist December, 1775, gave him a still stronger claim on me; for to him, with the 
assistance of Barusfare, I attribute the repulse of the rebels on the side of Quebec, 
where Mr. Montgomery attacked in person ; while the success on the otherside was 
very different and brought the town into no small danger. Now, whether we con 
sider the strength of this post, the number allotted to its defence, or the former 
services of the officer who commanded, we might have expected as much, at least, 
from him, a remarkable proof, this, that former services and greater numbers may 
be outdone by superior vigilance and good sense of gentlemen, though not used 
to arms." 

Colonel Coffin s grandfather must certainly be credited then with a prominent 
part in one of the most momentous military achievements in Canadian history. It 
was a most critical time for British rule in Canada. 

As Colonel Coffin himself puts it in the paper quoted : " On that memorable 
winter morning, the flame of fidelity to the British empire, paling throughout the 
American continent, flickered uncertainly over the walls of Quebec. At midnight 
the desperate Arnold had forced the St. Roch suburb and the Lower Town, and 
although obstinately resisted, doggedly fought on, hoping and looking for a junction 
with Montgomery. An hour later, and a resolute volley had decided the fate of a 
great country. The brave Montgomery was slain, his detachment annihilated ; 
Arnold was wounded ; the American army was in full retreat. Quebec had been 
saved, and the flickering flame of fidelity to the British empire blazed up therefrom, 
thenceforth and forever, a beacon of light, inextinguishable in Canada." 

If heredity counted for anything, the government of the day could depend upon 
the gentleman entrusted with the organization of the Montreal Field Battery doing 
his duty. 

Major Coffin organized the Battery on the authorization and order of the Hon. 
George Moffat, who, at the time, was in command of the Active Force of the Mon 
treal district. As soon as he received his order, Major Coffin invited Mr. Henry 
Hogan, then a young man, to join the corps as lieutenant. 

22 



Up to this date such few volunteer corps as existed in Canada were not guided 
by any clearly denned laws and rules, and many injustices occurred. Mr. Hosran 
had commanded a volunteer cavalry troop in Montreal some time previous to the 
passage of the militia act of 1855, and had devoted considerable time and means to 
it. When the old active force, under the new act, assumed a permanent form a 
gentleman named Ramsay was sent to England to learn the drill, and when he 
returned, he was promoted over Mr. Hogan s head. The latter, naturally felt 
aggrieved at this and resigned, and did not feel disposed to rejoin the reorganized 
force as an officer of the new Field Battery. But Hon. Mr. Moffat joined Major 
Coffin m his request that Mr. Hogan should 
join the battery, and after considerable persua 
sion, he agreed. - Lieut-Col. Hogan says he 
never regretted his decision, for Major Coffin 
was a splendid officer and a perfect gentleman, 
and it was a pleasure to serve under him. He 
showed great confidence in his subaltern, and 
for a time the battery was left pretty much in 
his hands. 

The first officers of the Battery were 
Major W. F. Coffin, Captain Henry Hogan, 
Lieutenant A. Lamontagne and Second 
Lieutenants Hobbs and Owen. The latter was 
formerly British Mail Officer. Dr. Fenwick 
was the Surgeon. The first instructor was an 
old Royal Artillery Sergeant named Logan. 

The senior surviving officer of the original 
battery is Lieut-Colonel Henry Hogan. who, 
still hale and hearty, is a familiar figure to all 
citizens of Montreal, and whose name is 
familiar to travellers from one end of the 
world to the other. 

The senior non-commissioned officer of 
the Battery at its organization was A. A. 

Stevenson, since then known throughout the length and breadth of Canada as 

Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson, a man who has done more for the Montreal Field 

Battery in particular and the Militia force in general than any man who ever wore 

uniform. The gallant colonel had no idea of taking any interest in military 

matters at the time he was induced to join the Battery, and he gave in his name to 

Coffin against his own best judgment almost. Colonel Stevenson related 

i circumstances connected with his joining the Battery in such an interesting 

way that I cannot do better than give his own words. He said : 

When the militia act was passed in 1855, and they spoke about organizing a 

23 




From a Daguerreotype 

LIEUT. -COL. HENRY HOGAN, 
COMM. \\DINC, MONTREAL ARTILLERY, 1X56-1X66. 



field battery of artillery in Montreal I had not the slightest idea of taking any part 
in it, in fact had no special fancy for military work. I had my own business to 
attend to. 

" One day I was in the Mechanics Institute, in which I took a great interest, 
when a gentleman came up to me and said he wanted to speak to me for a moment. 
He said that he was organizing, under the authority of the government, a battery 
of field artillery in Montreal, and he had been advised to see me. He added that he 
wanted me to assist him to organize the corps. I replied at once that I had no idea 
of meddling in military matters at all. He, however, persisted, and said that it was 
the duty of every loyal man to prepare to do his duty. There was every prospect 
of trouble with the United States, and it must come sooner or later, he said. He 
pointed out that the men who were coming to the front across the lines were 
actuated by a violent antipathy to everything British, and they appeared anxious 
to pick a quarrel on the slightest pretext. 

" He added that as trouble was coming it would be better to belong to an 
organized and disciplined corps when sent against an invader than to be one of an 
undisciplined mob. It would be better to have confidence in your comrades and to 
suffer from the men in front than from those in the rear. 

" This was Major W. F. Coffin, a man I had known, of course, but had had no 
previous personal communication with. He, at the time, or shortly before, held 
the office of Joint Sheriff of Montreal with the late Mr. John Boston. He was a 
major before the organization of the battery. He was certainly well up in military 
matters, and some years later he wrote a " History of the War of 1812." 

" He urged me to consent, and on my still declining, he requested me to think 
it over for the night. I did give it some slight thought, but soon decided that I had 
no inclination for the work. But casually mentioning the matter to some of my 
friends, they asked me what there was to hinder me joining. It appeared to be a 
good chance, and if I refused to avail myself of it I might regret it. Well, I met 
him again, and he said he hoped I had made up my mind to help him. I told him 
I did not think soldiering would suit me at all. I was just then pretty deeply 
engrossed in business. I was a partner in a big printing establishment. We had 
started the Sun in 1853, and it was still running. But the Major, at any rate, 
finally persuaded me to join, and at once began to talk over the question of the 
organization of the battery. He entered into an exposition of all the difficulties 
ahead. We wanted men of the right kind and we wanted men with horses. He had 
spoken to many, and some had agreed to join. Others said they would if certain 
acquaintances would. We at once set to work to communicate with desirable men, 
and we made the best use of my printing office for sending out circulars, etc. 
Finally we obtained promises from many people, and the battery started with 
plenty of the very finest material at its disposal. 

" Before speaking to me, the major had arranged for all his officers, and told 
me that he regretted he had not known earlier that I would go in with him, for he 

24 




x 






1 MAJOR R. COSTIGAN 

2 SrRGEox MAJOR C. \V. WILSON 

3 CAPTAIN DONALD A. SMITH 



OFFICERS OF 3rd MONTREAL FIELD BATTERY 

4 VKTERIXARY CAPTAIX CHAS. MCKACHRAN 



5 LIEUTENANT F. A. CRATHERN 

6 LIECTEXAXT G. W. STEPHENS. JR. 



would have liked to have given me a commission. He, however, did the next best 
thing and made me senior staff sergeant, as he called it. His officers were Henry 
Hogan, a Mr. Owen, who lived for some time at Chambly, and a Mr. Lamontagne. 
The latter went to the States to live, and the major appointed in his place Mr. 
Henry Bulmer." Mr. Hobbs, who joined the Battery in the hope of receiving an 
appointment as an officer was disappointed, there being no vacancy for him. A 
meeting to recruit the battery was held at the Mechanics Institute on a notice issued 
by Major Coffin. It required seventy-five men for the battery, and the roll of 
enlistment at the first general meeting showed nearly one hundred and fifty names. 

Colonel Stevenson states that Major Coffin selected the best men for the Field 
Battery, and placed the names of the others on a supernumerary list. This enroll 
ment of these supernumeraries finally resulted in the establishment of a company of 
foot artillery, attached to the Field Battery, the whole corps being designated "The 
Montreal Artillery ". There had been an efficient garrison artillery corps in Mon 
treal in 1837-38, and it had a nominal existence for many years later, but, at the 
time we are speaking of, the officers of the old garrison artillery, instead of joining 
the volunteer movement then inaugurated, did nothing, expecting the government 
to make of their corps the basis of the new artillery force in Montreal. But the gov 
ernment did nothing of the kind, preferring to take the men who volunteered 
under the new act. The new Militia Act came into force July ist, 1855, but the 
Battery was not gazetted until September 27th. 

Mr. William Masterman, Senior, another veteran ex-officer of the battery 
relates that among those who attended the first meeting in connection with the 
organization of the battejy were several well-known citizens alive to-day. Among 
them Henry Bulmer, William McGibbon, Wm. Robb, at present City Treasurer of 
Montreal, T. W. Boyd, A. A. Stevenson, Henr}- Hogan and himself. On the 
organization of the battery, Mr. Masterman was made a sergeant, ranking after 
A. A. Stevenson, who was staff sergeant. 

Next to Maj. Coffin, Mr. Masterman says, the greatest credit for the organization 
of the Battery was due to A. A. Stevenson, and more thanks are due to that gen 
tleman for the maintenance of the corps on its fine footing than to all others put 
together. Mr. Masterman added that he left the battery after seven years service 
with the rank of First Lieutenant. He was offered the command of the Foot Com 
pany but declined. 

The Militia Act of 1855 is officially designated " 18 Victoria, Chapter 77, An 
Act to Regulate the Militia." It provided for the establishment of eighteen military 
districts, and defined the Active Militia as follows : " The Active Militia shall 
consist of Volunteer troops of cavalry, field batteries and foot companies of Artil 
lery, and companies of infantry armed as riflemen, but not exceeding in the whole, 
sixteen troops of cavalry, seven field batteries of artillery, five foot companies of 
artillery, and fifty companies of riflemen, the total number not to exceed five 
thousand officers and men." 

26 



The Act also provided that " Each Field Battery shall consist of a captain, two 
first lieutenants, one second lieutenant, a sergeant major, three sergeants, three 
corporals, three bombardiers, a trumpeter, a farrier, fifty-nine gunners and drivers, 
including wheelers, collar maker and shoeing smith, fifty-six horses, exclusive of 
officers horses, and four spare horses when the Battery is called into actual service." 

Section XXXVII of the Act read as follows : " Each sergeant major of a 
volunteer battery of field artillery shall, on account of the great responsibility 
attached to the office, be paid by the Province at the rate of fifty pounds per annum." 

Section CXV reads as follows : " This Act shall come into operation upon the 
first day of July, 1855, and shall be in force for three years, and from thence until 
the end of the next ensuing session of the Parliament of this Province, and no longer ; 




THE 3RD MONTREAL FIELD BATTERY AS IT WAS IN 1893. 
ARMAMENT : FOUR g-iWNDKR R.M.L. GUNS 

provided that if at the time when this Act would otherwise expire, there should 
happen to be war between Her Majesty and the United States of America, then this 
Act shall continue in force until the end of the session of the Provincial Parliament 
next after the proclamation of peace between Her Majesty and the said United 
States, and no longer." 

After enlisting the men, a good deal of time was consumed in making arrange 
ments for the uniforms, etc. The officers finally selected a double breasted, blue 
frock coat, red-striped artillery trousers, somewhat similar to those worn now, and a 
black, shaggy, monkey skin head-dress, very much like the Fusilier bearskin, but 
with the front of the crown slightly projecting. It was originally intended that this 
head-dress should be devoid of ornament, but Staff Sergeant Stevenson suggested that 

27 



there should be something to relieve it, and the officers finally pitched upon a large 
bullion tassel which was suspended by a golden cord in front of the busby. This 
imposing head-gear was made by a man named McDowall, who had a fur establish 
ment on McGill street. The officers uniforms were made by Gibb & Co., and the 
men s by Henry Lavender. 

At first the government gave the battery twenty days drill pay per annum, one 
dollar a day for each man and the same for each horse. In 1855, they received no 
drill pay, but received a double allowance in 1856. It was late when they began 
drill the first year, but they did some work in foot drill, sword exercise, etc, in the 
East end of the Bonsecours Market Hall. Early in 1856, the Battery began gun 
drill, and drilled regularly under an old Royal Artillery Sergeant, named James 
Logan, whose son at present carries on business as watchmaker and jeweller, in 
Huntingdon. The Battery usually drilled on Wednesday afternoons. This was 
the slack day for the men having business at the markets, and the Battery had a 
goodly number of them in the ranks, among whom were Wm. Masterman, the three 
Baudens, Edward Charters, George Monaghan, Robert Nicholson, John Outhet, John 
Cooper, Christopher Breadon and others. Part of the season, the Battery drilled once 
a week, at other times twice a month, and so on, and this was the practice for several 
years. The horses were supplied to the Battery by John Mclntosh, Patrick Hughes, 
T. Lecompte, Thomas Potter, James Saunders and others. The Battery had 
foot drill every morning, at five o clock, and had full parades. The corps 
drilled at the old Royal Artillery Quarters, at the Quebec Gate Barracks. 

It was the Spring of 1856 before the equipment of the Battery was complete, 
and the gunners could do all of their drill satisfactorily. The armament consisted 
of three six-pounder brass smoothbore guns and one twelve-pounder howitzer. The 
usual equipment of the field batteries in the regular army at that time included four 
six-pounders and two howitzers. But it was decided to organize seven batteries in 
Canada, and, as there were not enough guns in the country to give them the full 
armament of the regular batteries, the guns were divided up as far as they would go. 
It is a fact that appears to have been lost sight of, that, in 1855, the British govern 
ment transferred to the government of Canada, then comprising only the present 
limits of the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario, ordnance lands and stores to the value 
of millions of pounds sterling, on the express understanding that Canada shoiild keep 
up and drill annually an effective militia force of 40,000 men. The property turned 
over was more than enough to pay the cost, and yet the agreement has been 
regularly ignored, and though half a dozen other provinces have been added to the 
country, Canada does not to-day maintain a militia force of 40,000 men even on paper. 

The Battery did its first field work at Logan s Farm, at Sisson s Farm, and at 
Major Coffin s place, " Uplands", at the back of the Little Mountain. It had a camp 
or two at one or the other of these places and drilled from four to eight in the 
mornings, and from seven to nine in the evenings. It had target practice during 
the winter on the ice of the St. Lawrence River, opposite St. Helen s Island. 

28 



Colonel Hogan, who commanded the Montreal Artillery for some time, comes 
from an old military family, his father having been a captain in the Inniskilling 
Fusiliers in 1815. He, himself, almost made up his mind to join the Seventh 
Hussars in 1839, and, in 1846, he actually began his military career by joining 
Colonel Shuter s Battalion of the old Lower Canada Militia as Quartermaster. 
The militia organizations of those days were, however, merely nominal, and lie 
had no duties to perform. 

Colonel Hogan says that when the looth Regiment was organized as a contri 
bution by Canada towards Imperial defence, he set to work to qualify for a 
commission as major, by raising the necessary quota of 200 men. When he had 
raised nearly the required number of men, he found that the commissions had been 
practically allotted, and he turned over his men to Major Dunn, who otherwise 
could not have qualified for his majority. The career of Major Dunn is, or ought 
to be, familiar to all readers of Canadian military history. This gallant Canadian 
soldier of the Queen saw his first military service in the Crimea as an officer in the 
nth Hussars, winning the Cross for Valour at that most heroic and dramatic of 
all battles, Balaklava. In the celebrated charge of the Six Hundred the nth were 
on the extreme left of the Light Brigade. After performing prodigies of valour, 
the nth, overpowered by numbers, were retreating. While literally hewing their 
way back, Dunn s horse was shot from under him. He sprang upon one that was 
rushing riderless about the bloody field, and dashed to the assistance of Sergeant 
Bentley who was beset by three Russian lancers. Without a moment s hesitation, 
he at once attacked them, and by the strength of his arm and the vigour of his 
charge succeeded in cutting them down. A little further on, the Russians had 
flocked together, and attacked in small bands individual members of the nth. 
A Russian hussar officer, with others, had fallen upon Private Levett and was 
about to cut him down, when Lieutenant Dunn, bursting through, struck the 
Russian officer to the ground with his sword. For these daring deeds, he was 
recommended with one accord by his companions in arms for the Victoria Cross 
when Her Majesty instituted that token of honour. Lieutenant Dunn was the 
third member of the Army who had the decoration attached to his breast by Her 
Majesty. He retired on the sale of his commission in 1855 and returned to Canada, 
but re-entered the army as major in the looth. Being transferred from that regiment, 
he attained the command of the famous 33rd Duke of Wellington s Regiment, and 
saw service with it in Abyssinia, where he met an untimely death. 



29 



CHAPTER III 










THE EARLIEST DAYS OF THE BATTERY. 




HE first public occasion upon which the Battery had an oppor 
tunity to turn out, but which owing to some misunderstanding 
between the committee and the officer commanding, it did not 
avail itself of, was the great public demonstration in honour of 
the opening of the Grand Trunk Railway to the Canadian 
western terminus of the line at Sarnia, and of the inauguration 
of the new Montreal Water Works. The completion of these 
two important works was celebrated by a demonstration of 
rejoicing extending over the i3th, i4th, and isth of November, 1856. 
The completion of the Water Works was a most important thing for 
Montreal, for the citizens had felt very unsafe since the great fire of 
July 8th, 1852. In that disaster the whole of that part of the city from 
St. Lawrence Street to Molson s Brewery was swept out of existence ; 
5,000 houses were destroyed and no less than 20,000 persons rendered . 
homeless. Immediately after this terrible visitation, work was begun on the 
present fine water works system, and it was completed in 1856. There had been a 
sort of a water works of very limited capacity before that with a pumping station 
somewhere near the Bonsecours Church, and the reservoir where the present 
vSt. Louis Square is, on St. Denis Street. The great event in connection with the 
inauguration in question was the turning on of the large fountain at Victoria Square. 
The whole demonstration was a glorious affair. One day there was a great 
trades procession, followed by a magnificent banquet at the Grand Trunk Railway 
works at Point St. Charles, when 3,000 guests sat down to dinner under one roof. 
Then there was a public ball in the City Concert Hall, in the upper part of the 
Bonsecours Market building, and on the last day there was a grand review of the 
military force, in which, as above described, the Battery did not participate, though 
the other volunteer corps were on parade. These included the Cavalry Troop and 
the Rifle Companies, which, in 1860, were united into a battalion numbered the First 
or Prince of Wales Rifles, now the Prince of Wales Fusiliers. There was plenty of 
excitement at the review. It was the time of muzzle loaders, when the ramrod 

30 



played so conspicuous a part in the drill of the infantry soldier. The riflemen were 
not used to reviews, and some of them became so excited that they forgot to take 
the ramrods out of their guns. The result was that quite a number of ramrods went 
flying over the heads of the spectators. Five or six persons had ramrods passed 
through the crowns of their hats, and a number had narrow escapes, but no one was 
seriously hurt. Hundreds of people came from the United States to the celebration ; 
so manj- in fact that it was a very hard matter billeting them out. 

It was in this year, too, 1856, that Lieut. -Col. Stevenson obtained his first 
commission. 

The men were getting uniformed, and the officers had been ordered to go and 
give their orders for uniforms. Lieutenant Owen delayed doing so, and Major 
Coffin, knowing of it, went up to him one day on parade and bluntly asked him 
why he had not obeyed the orders. He replied that he was waiting until he saw 
how he liked the service. The major rejoined that his liking of the service had 
nothing to do with it. That was supposed to have been determined the day he 
joined the Batter}-, and he would give him just twenty-four hours to comply with 
the order. When the next drill took place Owen did not turn up, but Major Coffin 
found out that he had not ordered his uniform. He consequently asked Staff 
Sergeant Stevenson to go with a letter to Owen s office, which was on St. Francois 
Xavier Street, about where Major Bond s office is now, and bring back an answer. 
Owen, who was very much annoyed, showed the staff sergeant the letter. It 
demanded a satisfactory explanation or Owen s resignation. Owen at once wrote 
out his resignation, and handed it to the sergeant, and he at once took it to the 
major s office. 

The major said that he then had the opportunity to show his appreciation of 
Sergeant Stevenson s services for the Battery, and offered him the commission 
resigned by Owen, which he accepted. 

In 1856-57 the Battery had its target practice on the river during the winter, 
firing from the Island to the Longueuil Road. Six hundred yards was considered 
a good range for these guns in those days. The battery had practice twice a week 
for some time. At the first practice, out of twenty rounds of solid shot fired, fifteen 
went through the target, and six or seven through what was then the bulls-eye. 
When Lieut. Stevenson presented the target report to the colonel commanding the 
Royal Artillery here, he said it was remarkably good practice and enquired if the 
officers had the usual range party. The lieutenant told him that they had, but the 
colonel sent his brigade major to inspect the target to verify the returns. The 
result was to put up the stock of the Battery very much among the regulars. 

Early in 1857 Major Coffin was appointed to the position of Ordnance Land 
Commissioner, and transferred from the Battery to the civil service of the govern 
ment. Major Hogan was appointed to command both corps, and Lieut. Stevenson 
was appointed to be Captain of the Field Battery, Henry Buhner being made 
Captain of the Foot Company. Major Coffin died in Ottawa, on January 28th, 1878. 



It was early in 1857 that the Battery first turned out with the regulars. The 
force had manoeuvres on the ice, the Foot Company of the Artillery defending the 
Island, and the Field Battery, the regular regiment in garrison, the 3Qth Foot, 
and the Rifle Companies forming the attacking force. General Eyre was in 
command, and he expressed himself delighted with the Battery s work that day, 
calling out several times " Well done, the Field Artillery." The Battery had to 
cross great pieces of ice, blocks fifteen or twenty feet high frequently obstructing 
the way. The gunners had several times to unhitch the horses from the guns, 
and haul the latter over the rough fields of ice by the drag ropes. 

In 1857 th e Batter} 7 went on an 
excursion to St. Albans, Vermont, 
accompanied by part of Number One 
Troop of Cavalry. The Officers and 
men had a very good time, and every 
thing passed off quietly, a bit of a 
dispute with the caterer, who failed to 
carry out his contract, excepted. It 
was a great event for St. Albans, peo 
ple nocking there from all parts of 
Vermont and Northern New York. 
While there the Battery did a little 
drill in the public square which greatly 
pleased the American spectators. This 
was the first case of a Canadian military 
organization crossing the boundary line 
since the war of 1812. 

The year 1858 was a notable one in the 
history of the Battery. The Rifles went 
to Portland that year, and the Battery 
decided to go to New York to assist in 
the celebration of the completion of the 
first Atlantic cable, which was considered 
as a most important step in the direction of improving the relations existing between 
Great Britain and the United States. A committee of the Battery went to New York 
as soon as this decision was arrived at, and made arrangements for the trip, the 
famous Seventh Regiment arranging to look after the visitors. The Battery went to 
New York accompanied by a tremendous excursion of no less than 1000 people, and 
all had a magnificent time. The excursion was such a large one that the railways 
found it difficult to provide the necessary accommodation, and man} of the excursion 
ists had to ride on platform cars. The party left on a Monday morning and crossed 
to St. Lambert by the " Iron Duke " and " Prince Albert ", for there was no bridge 
then. From St. Lambert they went by rail to Rouse s Point, thence taking the 




Daguerreotype. 



I.IEUT. STKYKNSON AND CAl T. HOGAN 
!58. 



Lake Champlain steamer to Whitehall. The steamer had such a tremendous crowd 
of people on board that she had to stop at Burlington to get scantling to shore up 
the deck. She arrived at Whitehall some hours late, and the Battery and excur 
sionists transferred to the train again, but instead of arriving at Troy at seven, as 
had been intended, it was nearly midnight. The military, even at that late hour, were 
awaiting their arrival, and everybody in Troy appeared to be up, for the streets were 
jammed with people. The Battery s military friends insisted that the Montreal 
corps should have a parade through the streets, and of course Captain Stevenson 
consented. All the streets were lit up and the sidewalks crowded with cheering 
people. Flags were flying, guns firing, and altogether the Canadian artillerymen 
were received like conquerors. There was another magnificent demonstration at 
Saratoga as they passed, and in fact at every place the Battery stopped it received 
a most enthusiastic and kindly reception. 

The Battery embarked on the Hudson River steamer " Francis Skiddy" at Troy, 
and when she left her wharf she had no less than 2,400 people on board. So heavily 
laden was she that she stuck on a bar between Troy and Albany, and instead of 
reaching New York at six o clock next morning, she did not arrive until half 
past two in the afternoon. 

The Seventh had detailed Numbers Two and Five Companies, Captains Shaler 
and Ribley, to meet the Battery, and they had been on the wharf since half past five 
in the morning, except for a short interval, during which they had been dismissed. 
On arrival, and after the formal reception by the companies of the Seventh, the 
Battery went to the Stevens Hotel at the foot of Broadway, and got rid of their 
impedimenta. The Batten did not have its guns and horses with it, officers and men 
merely having their uniforms, accoutrements and side amis. The corps had a full 
turn out, and the men looked remarkablv well. 

Having cleaned up, the Batter} marched up Broadway and down to a ferry 
steamer at the foot of Grand Street, which took them to the islands in the Sound 
for an outing, where the gunners were very handsomely entertained. The next da} , 
the first of September, was the big day. The Montreal corps paraded at Battery 
Park on the right of the Seventh, and took part in the big military parade. The 
line of march was up Broadway to 44th Street, where the New York Crystal Palace, 
in which they were holding a grand exhibition, was located. There the military 
forces were dispersed. The Battery received a most cordial reception everywhere. 

This event was memorable in that it was the first occasion since the British 
evacuation of New York that the Union Jack was carried np Broadway by a British 
military organization, and with one single exception the Montreal Field Battery is 
the only British corps that has had the honour of doing that since the British 
evacuation. The exception was on the occasion of the international naval parade 
in New York at the Columbian review in 1893, when Admiral Sir John Hopkins 
brigade of Royal Marines and Bluejackets carried the Union Jack through Broadway. 

The principal officers of the Seventh, at the time that regiment extended hos- 

33 



pitality to the Montreal Field Battery, were Colonel Duryea, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Marshall Lefferts, and Major J. B. Pond. Colonel Winchester, of the Express 
Company, was the Quartermaster. 

The intercolonial trip of 1858 having proved such a complete success the 
Battery projected another in 1859, and conceived the idea of making a trip to Boston 
and Portland, and back by the Grand Trunk. The government intervened to some 
extent, after the arrangements had been partially made. The previous year the 
men had taken their side arms to New York. Upon this occasion the Canadian 
government refused to allow the Battery to take the arms into the United States. 
But where there is a will there is a way, and the officers determined to go, swords 
or no swords. So Colonel, then Captain, Stevenson quietly made arrangements to 
borrow the required number of swords from Captain Nim s Light Battery of Boston. 
The Battery crossed to St. Lambert with its own swords and belts, and before 
embarking on the train Captain Stevenson had the belts and swords packed up in 
boxes and shipped to Longueuil awaiting their return. At Lowell, Mass., there were 
two great boxes awaiting them, and in the boxes the belts and swords of Captain Nim s 
Battery. They were at once served out to the men, and when they arrived at Boston 
the Battery looked quite ship-shape. There was just one draw-back. On the brass 
buckles of the belts were the letters " US " and people began asking what they 
stood for. Captain Stevenson had instructed the men to reply to questions that the 
letters meant simply what they spelt, " Us ", and the explanation appeared to be 
quite satisfactory. Fortunately there were no spread eagles on the accoutrements, 
or the exact state of affairs might have been given away. After leaving Boston, 
where the Boston Fusiliers were the Battery s hosts, the corps went by boat to 
Portland, where officers and men had a very pleasant time, spending one day on 
one of the islands in the harbour. On the return trip to Montreal Captain Nim s 
belts and swords were left in the United States, and on reaching Longueuil the 
artillerymen got their own equipment again, and crossed in proper form to the city. 

All this time the Battery had been carefully keeping up its drill, and was in a 
very efficient state. 

Somewhere in the Fifties the Battery organi/ecl a series of concerts to raise 
funds to put Nelson s monument in a satisfactory state of repair. The Battery 
raised a large sum and handed it over to the City on the express understanding 
that the corporation would add what was necessary, and place and keep the 
monument in good condition, as the following letter will show : 

. . ... MONTREAL, APRIL /th, 1873. 

To His Worship the Mayor, Aldermen and 

GENTLEMEN : Citizens */ lke Cit > f Montreal. 

On behalf of the Montreal Field Battery of Volunteer Artillery, I have the 
honor to transmit herewith the sum of $702.90 (seven hundred and two dollars and 
ninety cents), being proceeds (with accrued interest to date) of several concerts given 

34 



under the auspices of that corps in 1858 and 1859, with the view of raising a fund 
to defray the expense of repairing Nelson s monument in Jacques Cartier Square. 
As the corporation of Montreal have recently completed that work, the members 
of the Battery have authorized the transfer, to your honorable body, of the amount 
at the credit of the Battery in the Savings Bank Department of the Bank of 
Montreal, to be applied by the corporation towards the payment of the expenditure 
incurred in restoring the monument. I have therefore, in their name, the pleasure 
of enclosing the sum of $702.90, with bank book, showing original deposits, and 
accretions of interest, for which please grant city treasurer s receipt in duplicate, 
and oblige Your obedient servant, 

A. A. STEVENSON, Lieut-Colonel, 

Commanding Montreal Field Battery. 








THE 3RD MONTREAL FIELD BATTERY OF TO-DAY. 
ARMAMENT : Six i2-POUNDER R.B.L. GUNS. 

The City Council, at a special meeting held Monday, April yth, 1873, tendered 
a vote of cordial thanks to Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson and the Montreal field 
Battery for their handsome contribution. 

A fact of historical interest in connection with these concerts is that at one of 
them, Emma Lajeunesse, since famous throughout the world as the great Canadian 
cantatrice, Albani, made her public debut. Mr. Lajeunesse, her father, Avas leader 
of a band here, and a musician of considerable reputation in those days. The 
Battery engaged him several times, and it was at his especial solicitation that his 
daughter was engaged. Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson says he recollects that the 
old gentleman told him that his daughter had a "delicious voice," -and that he felt 

35 



sure that if some rich man would send her to Europe she would startle the world. 
To please the old gentleman, Colonel Stevenson engaged Mr. Lajeunesse and both 
of his daughters to take part in the Battery s next concert. Emma played the piano 
and sang, her sister played the harp, and the old gentleman played the clarionet. 
Of course there were other numbers on the programme. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson says that, to tell the truth, they were considerably 
disappointed at Emma s singing at that time, and he says he has heard much better 
attempts by other singers making their public debut. There was not much applause, 
and the batterymen rather mentally accused old Mr. Lajeunesse of allowing his 
parental admiration for his daughter to get the better of his judgment. 

The year 1860 was an eventful one for Canada, and especially for the militia. 
His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales came to this country to inaugurate the 
Victoria Bridge, and made a stay of a week in Montreal and a long trip through 
Canada and the United States. The social functions and public hospitalities in 
Montreal were on a most lavish scale. It was really a trying time for the Battery, 
for the corps was on duty practically the whole time the Prince was in Montreal. 
It fired a great number of salutes, including one when His Royal Highness arrived 
and another when he left. Upon the latter occasion a terrific downpour of rain was 
in progress. 

Two guns of the Battery were sent to Sherbrooke to fire the salutes upon the 
occasion of His Royal Highness visit to that city. Captain Stevenson received the 
orders to leave only a few minutes before the time set for departure, and the Battery 
had just been dismissed for the day. He at once ordered the trumpeter to sound 
the assembly in the street, and he got the men together all right and went to 
Sherbrooke by a special train, in good time to fire the salute. The Captain was told 
in his order that horses would be supplied at Sherbrooke, and so they were, but 
they baulked and shied, and kicked at the guns, so that he ordered them taken out, and 
the gunners ran the guns up to the point where the salute was to be fired. 

The year 1861 was a quiet one in the battery, and its members did not do much 
besides perfecting themselves in their work as far as possible. 

One thousand eight hundred and sixty-two was another memorable year both 
for Canada and the Field Battery. It was the year of the excitement over the Trent 
affair, when war between the United States and Great Britain appeared perilously 
near, as a result of the action of the United States warship "Sanjacinto" in forcibly 
taking- the Confederate Commissioners, Mason and Sliddell, from the British mer 
chant steamer "Trent" on the high seas, in November, 1861. Military organiza 
tions wei-e raised in Canada from one end to the other, and a large force of regular 
troops wafe sent over from England. 

At this critical time the Battery was in a splendid condition, containing as fine 
a set of men as could be found anywhere. The average height of the men was 
5 feet 10. Some were 6 feet 4, others 6 feet 3, several 6 feet 2, while men of 6 feet 
were plentiful. It was very gratifying to all ranks in the corps to know that the 

36 



reputation of the Battery had spread throughout the Imperial service, and many of 
the regular officers who arrived this year went to Captain Stevenson and said that 
they had heard so much in England about his batter} that they wanted to see it on 
parade. Sergeant Major Bigwood of Penn s Battery of the Royal Artillery was the 
battery s instructor at this time. 

During the year the Battery gave a concert and exhibition of drill at the 
Crystal Palace, organized in honor of Lord Monck, the newly appointed Governor 
General, who said that officers of the army in England had spoken to him about the 
Battery. His Excellency was accompanied by General Doyle, commanding the 
forces in Nova Scotia; by General Sir Fenwick Williams, commanding the forces in 
Canada; by the Honorable Thomas D Arcey McGee, and man}- other distinguished 
men. There were over two thousand people present. 
One of those who was present remarked that to see 
that corps marching battery front down that hall, 
stretching from one wall to the other, was a sight 
worth going a long way to see. The line was 
perfectly straight and not a button on a single 
man s coat was out of place. It was as near 
perfection as military work could possibly be. 
This gentlemen said that he never saw such a 
exhibition of drill himself, and the remark applies 
equally to both the gun and the foot drill. Lord 
Monck, in congratulating the Battery said it was 
not only his own opinion but also that of distinguish 
ed officers who had seen many efficient corps 
(doubtless meaning the two generals who accom 
panied him) that in all of his experience he had 
never seen any corps, regular or volunteer, march 
with such precision and perform its drill so accu 
rately as the corps he had just had the pleasure 
of seeing on parade. This, coming from the Governor General, was much appreciated. 

During the summer of 1862 the Battery organized an excursion to Niagara 
Falls. The previous winter it had had an exciting march out to Chambly and back. 
Colonel Thorndyke who commanded the artillery in the Province of Lower Canada 
was quartered at Chambly and he expressed himself as anxious that the Battery 
should go out to visit him. As it was impossible to make satisfactory rates with 
the ferries, it was decided to defer the trip until the winter, when the Battery could 
cross on the ice. One day the roads were reported in perfect condition, and Major 
Stevenson ordered the Battery to muster early the second morning after, and march 
to Chambly. During the previous night, a blizzard, accompanied by bitterly cold 
weather, set in, but no one suggested that the Battery had better not go, and it 
started. Horses and men had an awful time getting out to Chambly, the trip of 

37 




LIEUT. -COLONKL WILLIAM MCGIBBON, 
1855-1883. 



sixteen miles taking from 9.30 a.m. to 2 p.m. It was 25 degrees below zero, and the 
road was so blocked with drifts that the Battery had to pass through the fields. 
Then the Battery was handicapped by its equipment, the harness continually 
breaking. The guns were marked 1807, and the harness was a good deal older 
than that. The snow drifts were unusually high. One sub-division, having halted 
to repair a broken strap, was hurrying to overtake the rest of the Battery, and ran 
with such force into a drift that it was completely hidden from view. Major 
Stevenson, from his horse, could see neither horses, men nor gun. But the going 
out was nothing to the return. The Battery left Chambly at five in the afternoon, 
and it was half past two the next morning when it passed Molson s Church on 
Notre Dame Street. To get their guns and waggons through bad places the drivers 

often had to hitch up seven horses tandem. 

This was about the gih of March. On the 
1 7th of the same month the Battery went to Lachine, 
and, as the thaw had come, had trouble again, but 
of a different kind. 

In the year 1862 too, the Battery did some 
thing which entitles the corps to the everlasting 
gratitude of all the citizens of Montreal. It proved 
that the ascent of Mount Royal was possible for 
vehicles, and thus brought within the range of 
practical municipal politics, the scheme for acquir 
ing the Mountain Park. Hitherto the project had 
met with only ridicule, the general belief being 
that horses could never be got to the summit. 

Before the Prince of Wales came to Canada 
in 1860, Colonel Ermatinger, then field officer for 
Lower Canada, and Captain Stevenson had several 
conversations about doing something out of the 
ordinary as a compliment to His Royal Highness. 
Among other things it was suggested that Captain 

Stevenson should take the Battery up to the summit of Mount Royal and fire a 
salute as the Prince was returning from inaugurating the Victoria Bridge. Owing 
to the rain interfering, two days ceremonies had to be thrown into one, and the 
Battery had not time to try the ascent of the Mountain. In 1861 Captain Stevenson 
was elected an alderman of the city of Montreal, and the following year made a 
motion in the city council that the Mountain should be acquired as a public park. 
The Mountain was divided at that time among some eighteen proprietors, and the 
property was lying practically idle. Cattle were grazed on the lower slopes, and 
fire wood was cut off the higher plateaus. 

Nearly everybody laughed at Alderman Stevenson s suggestion, and thought it 
an Utopian idea. He was not to be laughed out of it, however, but thought it over 

33 




CAPTAIN" HKNKV 



and decided that he would show the doubting public, by his Battery, that it was 
feasible to get up to the top. His original undertaking met with complete success. 

Having obtained the permission of Colonel Ermatinger to turn out the Battery 
and also having got a permit from Mr. John Redpath to pass through his grounds, 
the Major ordered the Battery out on Monday, November loth, for special service. 
No one, but the two gentlemen mentioned and the Major himself, knew what the 
special service was, for various reasons. He did not want to be hampered by a crowd, 
and he was not quite certain that the Battery could get up, and if it did not he thought 
it would be quite sufficient if they had the laugh over their failure among themselves, 
without having the whole city joining in at their expense. 

The Prince of Wales birthday was to be celebrated that day as the actual 
anniversary had fallen on Sunday, and Major 
Stevenson s idea was to fire a royal salute from 
the top of the mountain. 

Sunday night a heavy snowstorm set in and 
when the Batter}- paraded on Monday, there was 
a foot of snow on the ground. So before starting 
they had to take the guns from the wheels and 
remount them on sleighs. The Battery went up 
by way of Mr. Redpath s private avenue and 
grounds, and gradually zig-zagged its way to the 
plateau on the summit of the mountain behind 
Ravenscrag. All ranks had hard work to get 
there. Often the sleighs would get stuck on the 
tops of stumps, and the men had to cut the stumps 
down to get them off. The snow lay so heavy in 
some of the ravines the Battery had to cross that 
the drivers had to take the horses out, and Major 
Stevenson sent the men ahead to tramp down a 
road. Then they often had to cut a road for the 
guns through the brush. 

The Battery got into position, and swung the guns into action for the royal 
salute exactly at noon. The bells in the city just started to ring twelve as the 
first round was fired. The royal salute over, the Battery had lunch, and it was one 
of the best lunches ever eaten on the Royal Mount s summit. At one o clock the 
Battery fired another salute of 100 guns, winding up with three salvos. It was 
amusing to see the crowds running about the city to find out what had happened. 
The gunners could see that the firing had caused the greatest commotion, and people 
crowded together to the spaces where a view of the mountain could be had. A very 
large crowd gathered on the then unoccupied portion of the lot of land on St. James 
Street, where the Post Office now stands. The general opinion in the city was that 
the Fenians had made a lodgment on the mountain. There were many vague reports 

39 




From a Daguerreotype 



1855-1858 



in circulation about the Fenians at this time, and they were all the more alarming 
that they were vague. The Fenians had already tried to get a footing on the 
New Brunswick coast near Campobello, and there was much talk about their 
having designs on Montreal. 

The people were not altogether satisfied until the Battery returned to the city 
in the afternoon. The effect on the Park scheme was satisfactory and immediate. 
Instead of laughing at Major Stevenson s proposal, people insisted on it being carried 
through, and eventually it was, though it took some time securing the necessary 
legislation, expropriating the property, etc. 

The following extract from an editorial in the " Montreal Transcript " of 
November nth, 1862, refers to this incident: 

" The twenty-first birthday of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales 
falling this year on Sunday, the celebration of the day took place yesterday. The 
unfavorable weather prevented any other public celebration by the Troops in 
Garrison than the firing of a royal salute from the Island of St. Helen s, which 
took place at noon. 

" The celebration of the day by the Montreal Field Battery, under Major 
Stevenson, however, was possessed of novel features, which are likely to make the 
day memorable, apart from the interest which every British subject attaches to it. 
The indefatigable major is sure to have some novelty in store, when he attempts 
anything with his efficient Battery. Yesterday the new feature was the firing of 
the salute in honor of the attainment of majority by our beloved Prince, from the 
summit of Mount Royal, eight hundred feet above the St. Lawrence. 

" The feat was accomplished not without difficulty. The Battery was ordered to 
muster for special duty at nine o clock in the morning, and the men were promptly 
present at the Crystal Palace. The guns were dismounted from the carriages, and 
mounted again on sleighs, and, at eleven o clock, they took up the line of march 
with four guns drawn by six horses each. They proceeded through Mr. Redpath s 
avenues, and thence by a winding path, extremely rugged, and much obstructed 
by trees and stumps, which were removed by the artillerymen, and after having 
several guns upset and righted again, to the plateau overlooking the city. 

" At twelve o clock precisely a royal salute was fired, after which the men and 
officers partook of a lunch composed of cold roast beef, ham, etc., with bread and 
hot coffee. It is needless to say that justice was done to the viands, for the labor 
of the morning and the march were keen appetizers. At one o clock a salute of 
one hundred guns was fired in from 15 to 20 minutes, when the men again rested 
a short time, concluding the business of the day with three salvos from the four guns. 

" The horses were then attached to the pieces, and the descent of the mountain 
made at the same point, after which they proceeded through St. Catherine Street 
and St. Denis Street to Notre Dame, and about three o clock arrived at the Crystal 
Palace. 

" The scene presented on the plateau of the mountain, as viewed from the city, 

40 



was picturesque in the extreme. The dark uniform of the men, with the white 
background of snow, and the belching smoke from the guns, were too prominent 
not to attract hundreds to the street corners affording a view of the scene. The 
reports were borne towards the city by the wind, with deafening distinctness, and 
when the salvos were fired, the reverberation was repeated several times. 

The Montreal Field Battery have linked their names to the future, if no 
opportunity is afforded them of proving their efficiency in the field, at least in 
having fired the first gun from the summit of the mountain." 

The next year there was a grand review on the tenth of March, in honour of 
the Prince of Wales marriage, and in the sham fight which followed, the Battery 
and Foot Company of Artillery again went up to the summit of the mountain as the 
defending force, and all the other Montreal corps attacked. Some of the infantry 
succeeded in getting up, but they had a very trying time of it. The first man to 
get to the top was Captain Whitehead, brother of the present Lieutenant-Colonel 
Whitehead, and he almost fainted as soon as he reached the top. 

In 1864 and 1865 the Battery did nothing out of the ordinary, but of course 
kept up its drills. The corps always did that, as there were constant rumours about 
the Fenians in the air. 

In another chapter will be found some official reports of the efficiency of the 
Montreal Field Battery during the period treated of in this chapter, but a few words 
dropped the other day by a veteran militia officer who occupied a very prominent 
position in the old militia will give an idea of the esteem in which the Battery was 
held at the critical time of the Trent affair. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Theodore Lyman the other day was speaking of the 
appreciation of the Canadian militia shown by the Imperial officers in the good old 
Garrison days and remarked: "I recollect that when Colonel Shakespeare, one of 
the ablest officers of the Royal Artillery, came here at the time of the Trent affair, 
to take command of the artillery in this country, he inspected Stevenson s Battery 
at the Crystal Palace in company with General Lindsay and General Sir Fenwick 
Williams. I was with them, being at that time Assistant Adjutant General for 
the Montreal force. Colonel Shakespeare had just come from Shoeburyness, where 
he was in command of the great artillery camp. He said, after the inspection : 
" I left at Shoeburyness eight of the best batteries of the Royal Artillery, in fact I 
doubt whether there are any better in any service, and I come here to Montreal and 
I find a militia battery as efficient in every way as any of those I left behind. I 
could not have expected it, though I had heard good reports on this battery from 
many officers." 





CHAPTER IV. 



ON SERVICE DURING THE FENIAN RAIDS. 



HE year 1866 will ever be memorable in the annals of the Canadian 
Militia. It was the first test of the militia as it practically exists 
to-day. For some years the Fenian Brotherhood, an organization 
ostensibly established to wrest Ireland from the British Crown by 
force of arms, had been very active in America, the immediate 
object of the movement in the States being avowedly to capture 
Canada and make it the base of operations against the mother country. Many 
poor people were led by patriotic devotion to contribute funds, but there is 
not the slightest doubt whatever that many of those who joined the movement were 
actuated by more sordid motives. The peaceful homes and prosperous business 
centres of the loyal British colony would, they fondly hoped, provide rich spoil for 
the invading armies of the "Irish Republic". The termination of the American 
civil war gave a tremendous impetus to the movement, for it threw many men of 
various races, trained to the use of arms, on the country, without any means of 
earning a livelihood. The movement against Canada appeared to be reaching a 
climax during the winter of 1866, and it was announced with much swaggering 
and bravado that the invasion of Canada would take place on St. Patrick s day. 

The Canadian volunteer militia corps quietly drilled away to prepare for the 
threatened trouble, but nothing occurred until the 3ist of May when a force of 
about nine hundred men under " General " O Neil crossed from Black Rock and 
landed a little below Fort Erie on the Niagara frontier. June and this force was 
met at Ridgeway by a force of militia consisting of the Queen s Own Rifles of 
Toronto and the i3th of Hamilton, and an action took place which resulted in 
the killing of a number of the volunteers, and their retirement, the Fenians 
making no attempt, however, to follow. The same night O Neil s force recrossed 
the river into American territory. 

It was ostentatiously given out that one of the first things the Fenians 
intended to do was to capture Montreal. Camps of Fenians were established in all 
the American cities near the frontier, and drilling went regularly along, but the 
would-be invaders thought better of it, and contented themselves with demonstrating. 

42 



Everybody, both in the United States and Canada, knew perfectly well, in 

1865, that there was an organized movement among the Fenians in the United 

States to capture Canada. The American papers openly published advertisements 

summoning the " Camps " to drill, and the United States government let them drill. 

If the United States had been so disposed they could have stopped the whole 

trouble in short order. But they were not so disposed, and the Militia prepared to 

do its duty. There was only a small force of regulars in the country at the time. 
As far as the Montreal Field Battery was concerned, officers and men kept up 

their organization and drill to the highest possible notch, and were ready for 

anything that might turn up so far as they had arrangements in their own hands. 

The field equipment and ammunition were kept in the magazines on St. Helen s 

Island, but though Major Stevenson could not get 

those things ready, he did the next best thing, and 

prepared his requisition so that he could hand it in 

the moment his Battery was ordered out. News of 

O Neil s invasion and the Battle of Ridgeway created 

intense excitement in Montreal, and word came 

simultaneously that the Fenians were about to make 

their attempt on Montreal. 

The Battery was called out on June the first, 

and the same evening several battalions of the 

Montreal infantry militia corps left for the front. 

The Battery s first orders to turn out were received 

by Major Stevenson at eleven o clock on the first. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Osborne Smith was then 

Deputy Adjutant General, commanding the district, 
and Major Stevenson at once went to the Brigade 
office to requisition the ammunition, camp equipage, 
etc. Everybody was very much excited, and it was 
hard to get business attended to. Major Stevenson s 
orders were to take half of the Batter} , two guns, to Hemmingford, and to leave 
at four o clock that afternoon. The other half of the Battery was to remain in 
the city. The Major detailed Capt. Wm. McGibbon to accompany him with the 
half battery to Hemmingford, placing Lieutenant Boyd in command of the other 
half battery ordered to remain in Montreal. Major Stevenson told Colonel Smith 
that it was very short notice, and he doubted if they could get the ammunition 
and equipage from the Island in time. The Deputy Adjutant General somewhat 
brusquely replied that he could get it, if the major could not, if the latter had 
the requisition. Major Stevenson told him that he had the requisition all pre 
pared and handed it to him. He handed it to Colonel Lyman, who was then on 
the staff, and that officer proceeded to get the necessary signatures to the document. 
This was no easy task, for people were occupied with personal affairs, 

43 




LIEUTEN ANT T. W. BOYD 



It was six o clock before the last signature was affixed, and then Major 
Stevenson at once sent over to the Island. But the magazine was closed for the 
night, and the officers refused to open it for anybody. The next day was Sunday, 
and Procession Sunday at that, but Major Stevenson sent over to the Island again 
early in the morning, and they got everything over to the city in the evening, or 
rather thought they did. But on opening out the ammunition they found that 
there were many important deficiencies. There was not a single primer, for 
instance, for the shells, without which the shells would be useless. And other 
equally indispensible articles were missing, so that they had to send back again to 
the Island, and found that the magazine and stores were again closed. So the 
Battery had to stay in the Crystal Palace again all night, and send over to the 
Island once more early Monday morning. 

It should be stated that as far as the men, horses and guns were concerned, 
the Battery paraded, ready for service, within a couple of hours of the receipt of the 
order calling them ovit. 

Finally they got everything all right, and started at eleven o clock on Monday 
for Hemmingford via Lachine and Caughnawaga. At Lachine considerable delay 
was caused, for the ferry boat could only carry half of the half battery at once. 
Then they were delayed for a long time at Caughnawaga waiting for the train to 
take them to Hemmingford, and it was half past ten at night before the Battery 
got to Hemmingford. 

Colonel Smith had established his headquarters at that place, and had under 
his command Number One Troop of Cavalry, Captain Smith ; the ist Prince of 
Wales Regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel Devlin ; and the 3rd Victoria Rifles, Lieu 
tenant-Colonel Heward. 

On arrival at the Hemmingford station, a messenger stopped up to Major 
Stevenson and gave him an order to proceed to Colonel Smith s headquarters 
immediately, but not to disembark the horses and guns. So the Major trudged 
along through the mud, stumbling over all sorts of things in the darkness, up to 
McPhee s Hotel, where the Brigadier and his staff were comfortably established. 

The transport facilities had been very bad and the commissariat arrangements 
were quite as defective. No provision had been made by the authorities for feeding 
the horses and men en route, and when they arrived at Hemmingford they found 
that nothing had been provided there. As is the case to-day, there was absolutely 
no provision for the mobilization of the militia, and no transport service or com 
missariat to maintain a force in the field. 

Means were taken to extemporize transport and commissariat services, but the 
experience of armies everywhere, and in every age, has shown conclusively that 
such makeshift services, organized in the excitement and bustle of the initial 
stages of a campaign, are both wasteful and inefficient. 

In the case of the Montreal Field Battery, when it arrived at Hemmingford, 
no forage could be procured for the horses, and no rations for the men from the 

44 



authorities, though there was an abundance of food and forage in the immediate 
vicinity. This appears to have been annoying to all concerned, no less to the 
officer in command at that point than to the officers and men of the Battery them 
selves. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Smith was anxious that the Battery should continue some 
distance on the way to Huntingdon, but it was decided that the corps would have 
to be detrained to enable the horses and men to be fed. The detraining was a 
very difficult operation, as there was no platform for getting the guns off the cars, 
but the men finally managed it. 

The officers of the Battery then devoted their whole attention to trying 
to get something for the horses and men to eat. 




" LlMBKRIN O TIP. " 

The horses had had a little hay in the middle of the day, but the men had not 
had a bite in their mouths since five o clock that morning, except a few loaves of 
bread they had managed to get at Caughnawaga. 

The officers of the staff said that it was absolutely impossible to get anything 
for the men until the following morning, and as for the horses, there was not a 
bushel of oats to be had within a radius of ten miles. 

At the latter statement one of the officers of the Battery expressed astonish 
ment, as they were in one of the finest agricultural districts of the Province. 

No satisfaction could be obtained, however, from the staff officers, and some 
other source of food supply had to be found. Feeding the men and horses of a 
hungry battery of artillery is not a small matter, but it finally was accomplished. 

45 



Fortunately McPhee, the keeper of the hotel, was a Scotchman, and the 
natural sympathy of one Scot for another came to the Major s assistance, for 
besides being a Scotchman himself, McPhee had met one or two other Scotchmen 
in the Battery, and commented on the fact as soon as the Major spoke to him. 
McPhee said to the latter that he could let him have as many sacks of oats as he 
wanted, and he gladly agreed to supply all the oats required to the quartermaster 
sergeant, at a very low price, on the Major s promise to see that he was paid, which 
promise, of course, was given. 

But Major Stevenson had more difficulty in procuring a meal for his tired and 
hungry men. He, however, chanced to look into the dining room of the hotel and 
saw that they were setting a table, and found it was in preparation for some 
teamsters who were coming to Hemniingford to transport the Victoria Rifles to 
Huntingdon the following day. 

In the meantime Major Stevenson s anxiety was to provide a meal for his 
men. McPhee said that the meal being prepared for the teamsters had been 
ordered by Colonel Smith, and he dare not disobey orders. The Major, however, 
remarking that that might be a very good rule for the military, explained that he 
would take the responsibility of ordering his men to eat that meal. They had not 
had anything since early morning, while the teamsters had already had their 

three meals. 

McPhee still resisted, but the Major ordered the Battery trumpeter to sound 
the assembly, and marched his men into the dining room and ordered them to 
remain there until they had had all they wanted. He then investigated the 
kitchen and found that the cooks were preparing all the bread and butter the men 
would require, as well as tea or coffee. Rummaging among the cupboards he 
found a plentiful supply of eggs, and got the women in the kitchen to boil them for 
the men. The result was that the men got a good meal, which of course the Major 
was only too glad to pay for. 

He could get no more satisfaction about quarters for his men than he got 
about their food, so he arranged with McPhee to let them sleep in the hay in his 
barn, and they enjoyed a first rate rest, which was more than the infantry did. 
Those poor fellows were simply dumped down on a swamp, and had to do the 
best they could without camp equipage or anything else. 

It was cruel, and it was not surprising that the next day many of them could 
scarcely speak for the severe colds they had contracted. Many of them at that 
time contracted colds and rheumatism from which they never recovered. 

The Victorias were under orders to go to Huntingdon the morning after the 
Battery s arrival. The Prince of Wales Regiment, not having had ammunition 
served out to them, were ordered to remain until the arrival of their ammunition, 
which was coming from Montreal by a train which was to arrive during the day. 

The Battery was ordered to remain also, and go on with the Prince of Wales 
Regiment. The regular morning train did not bring the ammunition as expected, 

46 



and the two corps had to remain at Hemmingford all day, much to their disgust. 
During the day all sorts of exciting rumours got about, and half a dozen stories 
were started about the Fenians having crossed the lines, attacking the other 
column, etc. Of course there was nothing in any of them. Early next morning 
the column moved off on the way to Huntingdon, being entertained to breakfast 
and dinner by the good people of Havelock and Franlyn. The Battery parted 
company with the Prince of Wales Regiment at the Ormstowu road, the infantry 
proceeding to Ormstown. 

The Battery arrived at Huntingdon at half past eight at night, its guide, 
Captain Rogers, later Lieutenant-Colonel Rogers commanding the 5ist Battalion, 
having deemed it advisable to make a considerable detour near Athelston owing to 
some report of a Fenian force being thereabouts. 




" Ix LINE AT CLOSE INTERVAL. " 

When the Battery arrived at Huntingdon it found that there had been allotted 
to the corps as quarters an old, unused, wheelwright s shop, utterly unsuited for the 
purpose. The boards of the floor were both rotten and loose, and it would have 
broken the horses legs to take them into it. The officers in command told Major 
Stevenson when he protested that it was the only place to be had, but he was deter 
mined that he would not put the Battery up there. The place given as sleeping 
accomodation for the men was not large enough to accomodate ten persons and the 
members of the Battery would have been almost as well off out of doors. 

Mr. Boyd, a local lawyer at this point came to the Battery s assistance, and he 
told Major Stevenson that if the Battery would go up to the square he would see 

47 



that men and horses were comfortably billeted for the night. Arriving at the 
square, Mr. Boyd, who now lives at New York, mounted one of the gun carriages 
and made a speech to the people. He urged his fellow townsmen to do their duty 
by the Battery. The artillerymen had come to do their duty in protecting them, 
and they should do their part and see that the men and their horses had the 
necessary accomodation. 

The speech had its effect, and Major Stevenson got billets for the horses and 
men, he himself that night going to the hotel. There were several other corps at 
Huntingdon and the accommodation was pretty well taken up. The great 
difficulty, so far as the Battery was concerned, was that its horses were scattered 
through the village and neighborhood, the two animals furthest away from one 
another being three miles apart. Major Stevenson wanted to encamp, and as he 
had taken the precaution to take his camp equipage along, he could have done it 
comfortably. But Colonel Smith would not hear of it. Finally a crisis was 
reached owing to the contractor for forage refusing to supply the horses owing to 
their being so scattered, which made the delivery of the rations a very difficult matter. 

At the Presbyterian Church were long sheds to shelter the horses of those 
of the congregation who had to drive to service, and Major Stevenson arranged 
that the Battery could have these sheds for its horses. Then he obtained permis 
sion to camp on the church grounds, and the Battery was made very comfortable. 

Mrs. Watson, the good wife of the minister, allowed the Battery to use her 
kitchen for the cooking, and even spared her servant to help in the work. The 
government rations were being brought from Montreal, and when they arrived were 
simply unfit for human food. Somebody must have benefitted, but it was surely 
not the men who had to subsist on the stuff. 

All the provisions required could have been purchased better and cheaper in 
the country, and they were being brought from Montreal, not by train but by 
teams, by far the most dangerous and expensive means of transport. Of course 
the whole arrangement was made to favour some city contractors. The idea of 
bringing provisions by team all the way from Montreal in such weather as that 
prevailing then was simply outrageous. The meat was often tainted when it 
arrived at the front, and the bread reported to have been unfit for food. 

A General Middleton appears to have been badly needed at the front during 
the Fenian Raids. 

Major Stevenson appears to have taken took good care that the stuff should 
not be foisted on his men. He had been made to provide his own rations in the 
first place and he determined to continue to do it, as he found that everything 
needed could be supplied cheaper, and in first class condition, by the local baker, 
butcher and grocers. He was ordered to receive the government rations, but 
declined, and was allowed to have his way. As a result his men and horses were 
well fed, and when the Battery returned to Montreal, there was not a man or 
horse that was not considerably heavier than when the corps marched out. 

48 



The corps on service were allowed, by the government, fifty cents per man a 
day for rations, and though the men of the Battery were so well fed, after paying 
for everything, and giving liberal allowances to all who assisted in any way, they 
received, after the service was over, twenty-five cents a day in cash, the savings 
from their ration money, in addition to their pay of fifty cents a day. 

The batterymen were the envy of the rest of the force at Huntingdon on 
account of their good food. 

The Battery had so few men that a small infantry guard was told off each da} 
to do the guard duties at the artillery camp, and Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson, 
the other day, recalled the fact that, on one occasion, the corporal of the guard, 
which was furnished by the Victoria Rifles, was Mr. Arthur Ross, now the well 
known stock broker. He had had such a sickening experience with the govern- 




" ADVANCING IN BATTERY COLUMN." 

ment rations, and found the Battery food so satisfactory that he requested that he 
be told off permanently with his squad to do the Battery guard duties, but in this 
he was disappointed. 

The Battery had more or less excitement during the time it was at Hunt 
ingdon as a result of the circulation of startling rumours, but nothing really trans 
pired. The men could not drill much on account of the weather. It poured in 
torrents most of the time, and, in the intervals, it was simply unbearably hot. The 
men s faces and necks were badly blistered. 

The Battery came back to Montreal on the i8th, and glad enough officers and 
men were. The Battery came back by steamboat from Port Louis on Lake St. 
Francis. To Port Louis there was a direct road from Huntingdon, some six or 

49 



eight miles in length. It was a plank road, and in rather bad repair, but 
susceptible of being mended. Major Stevenson was ordered, however, to proceed to 
Port Louis with the Battery by what was called the " New Found Out Road ", 
which would necessitate a detour of nearly double the distance. He was ordered to 
march half an hour ahead of the infantry, but he knew that, even with that start, 
his Battery could not make the extra distance in time. So he determined, orders 
or no orders, that he would go by the direct road. 

First he sent on some men with a load of scantling and planks- to repair the 
worst breaks in the wooden roadway, and, sharp on time, the Battery started. 
Before coming to the point where the " New Found Out Road " branched off from 
the direct road, Major Stevenson had tried to get the guide who had been told off 
to show the Battery the way, to consent to the change in route he contemplated. 
The guide refused, however, saying that if anything happened he would get into 
trouble. The Major, however, said that he would take the responsibility, and 
when, on reaching the junction of the roads, the Battery kept right along, the guide 
urged no objection. 

The Battery arrived at the wharf without mishap. The mail steamer, on 
which it was to embark, had just arrived, and the Battery embarked at once. 
The men were enjoying an impromptu concert in the saloon when the staff and 
the Victoria Rifles arrived. The astonished looks on the faces of Colonel Smith 
and his officers when the} saw the Batter} 7 all comfortably established on the 
steamer, was a study in itself. 

The names on the pay-roll for the eighteen days that the Battery was in active 
service at this time are as follows : 

Major, A. A. Stevenson; Captain, Win. McGibbon ; Second Lieutenant, T. W. 
Boyd ; Surgeon, Geo. E. Fenwick ; Sergeant-Major, C. White ; Quartermaster 
Sergeant, John Cooper; Sergeants, John Wilson, John T. Rickaby, Wm. Bauden ; 
Farrier Sergeant, S. Culley ; Corporals, J. W. Wooding, Jas. K. Pollock, Hugh 
Mclntosh, Thomas Lilley ; Bombardiers, J. H. McNider, W. H. Kerfut, James Yuill, 
M. T. Lang ; Trumpeter, A. Mclnnes ; Gunners, Robt. Nicholson, Angus Mitchell, 
W. Wilkinson, Thomas Robinson, Chas. McGuaran, Richard McKeown, W. Cun 
ningham, Jas. Griffin, Alex. Campbell, Richard Tearmouth, John Morrison, James 
Smith, John Jackson, William Bennett, Robert Inglis, Henry Corrigan, Hugh 
Mackay, Wm. Grant, John Henderson, E. Cunningham, Moses Eadon, W T alter 
McGrath, James Henderson, Ed. Morgan, Ed. Thompson, John Minnish, John 
Marsh, John P. Peavey, Benj. Robinson, Wm. Hardy, P. B. Ferguson, William 
Burrell, William Willis, Thos. Wilkinson, Samuel Russell, C. Nimms, J. H. 
Hutchison, Wm. Nish, Wm. Ross ; Drivers, I. S Pierot/, T. Potter, John Outhet, 
S. Cunningham, C. Cunningham, D. Cunningham, George Bruce, Fred. Bennett, 
Jas. Cunningham, J. Wigmore, Jno ; Clayton, P. McKillop, Daniel Wilson, Richard 
Conway, Joseph Booth, Donald Munro, John Fraser, C. Fisher, James Saunders, 
J. Matthews. 

50 



During this service the Battery wore the ordinary artillery uniform, which it 
had adopted in 1862 or 1863, and which, with few changes, it still wears. 

Between 1866 and 1870 nothing out of the ordinary occurred in the histor}^ of 
the Battery, apart from its participation in the celebration of the first Dominion 
Day, July ist, 1867. There was a big review on Logan s Park, in which the Battery 
participated, and it also fired three separate salutes that day at the readings 
of the Confederation Proclamation, by the Mayor, the Hon. Henry Starnes, 
at Logan s Farm, at Dalhousie Square and at Victoria Square. 

During all these years the Battery was ordered out frequently to fire salutes, 
and also often turned out with the regulars for field days and reviews on Logan s 
Farm. The Batter y was almost regarded by the regulars as one of their own 
corps, and the result was most beneficial to the Battery. At this time, and for 




"WHEELING INTO LINE." 

many years previously, the Battery had taken a leading part in almost every 
public movement in the city. 

The pay list on the preceding page is interesting in more respects than one. 
It is a significant fact that at this time there was a large proportion of the original 
members still in the Battery, as the following copy of the pay-list of the Battery 
signed April, 1856, will show: 

Major, Wm. F. Coffin ; First Lieutenants, Henry Hogan, Henry Bulmer ; 
Second Lieutenant, A. A. Stevenson ; Staff Sergeant, Wm. Masterman ; Sergeants, 
Charles Garth, Alex. Ramsay ; Corporals, Joseph Bauden, Alex. Wand, Wm. Robb ; 
Bombardiers ; John Buchanan, Wm. Almour, William McGibbon ; Gunners, R. W. 
Isaacson, W. H. Boyd, Wm. Hobbs, T. W. Boyd, Joseph Tees, David Brodie, Neil 

5 1 



Douglas, Robt. Hendey, Edward Charters, John Wilson, John Mclntosh, George 
Monaghan, William Bauden, Alfred Davis, J. Bays, Edward Burke, Sinclair Stuart, 
Joseph Baker, William Inglis, Patrick Hughes, J. Kinleyside, John Cooper. 
T. Tucker, John Wilkinson, W. Stevens, J. Simpson, Alex. Turbyne, James 
Mavor, J. A. Cockburn, George Morrison, J. Cockburn, George Nightingale, 
Wm. Nightingale, James Pollock, C. James, G. Montgomery, Wm. Ruther 
ford, Robert Gardner, Henry Macfarlane, John Taylor, John Bauden, Robert 
Mitchell, John Scott, Robert Benn, John Anderson, Robert Nicholson, Wm. H. 
Kerfut, Wm. Awler, James Dingwall, John McDougal, David Fender, Hugh 
Mclntosh, Angus Mitchell, Wm. Martin, Wm. Wilkinson, Matthew Creelman, 
Isaac Black ; Sergeant Logan, R. A., acting Sergeant Major. 

(Signed) Wm. F. Coffin, Major, 

Commanding Field Battery. 

During the winter of 1869-70 the rumours of intended Fenian invasion were 
revived and the Militia held itself in readiness. May 24th a review of the whole of 
the Montreal Brigade was ordered in honour of Her Majesty s Birthday. But early 
that morning orders were received from headquarters to put the force on active 
service and prepare to repel a Fenian invasion along the New York and Vermont 
frontiers. 

The Battery s orders were to hold itself in readiness to move at a moment s 
notice. It was ready at the time the order was received, but remained in Montreal 
under arms for a day or two, until ordered to the Huntingdon frontier. 

The actual order calling out the Battery for active service upon this occasion 
is preserved among the archives of the Battery. It was written upon a half sheet 
of plain foolscap and reads as follows : 

MILITARY DISTRICT No. 5 1.05 P.M. 

ist Brigade Division. Montreal, 25th May, 1870. 

Brigade Order. 

In accordance with orders received from the Lieutenant General Commanding, 
the Montreal Field Battery is hereby ordered on Actual Service without delay, a 
y 2 Battery to be held in readiness to proceed by Grand Trunk Railway to River 
Beaudette Station for transport to Huntingdon. 

"By order" THOMAS BACON, Lieutenant-Colonel. 

The 5oth Huntingdon Borderers and the 5ist Hemmingford Rangers had 
been ordered out the same day that the Battery was, and they were already on 
duty at Huntingdon, the Montreal Engineers having also preceded the Battery. 
Her Majesty s 6gth Regiment, under Colonel Bagot, had also been ordered up. 
The Battery left Montreal at seven o clock for Coteau, where it arrived late, having 
encountered a number of annoying delays. From Coteau it crossed Lake St. 
Francis by steamer to Port Louis. Lieutenant FitxGeorge, now a general in the 

52 












army, accompanied the Battery from Montreal, and, on arriving at Port Louis, rode 
on to inform Colonel Bagot that the Battery was on the way. It was just breaking 
day when the Battery landed, and it started over the same plank road over which 
it had returned from Huntingdon in 1866. 

When it arrived at Huntington it was found that the greater part of the force 
which had been stationed there had gone forward to the Trout River Lines, 
leaving two companies of the 6gth and the 64th Beauharnois Battalion at Hun 
tingdon. The Fenians had crossed the Lines at Trout River the afternoon of the 
previous day and were in camp near there. 

The Battery received orders 
to remain at Huntingdon, and 
Major Stevenson assumed com 
mand of the force left there, 
being the senior officer. 

That same morning the 
skirmish at Trout River took 
place, the 5oth Huntingdon 
Borderers, under Lieutenant- 
Colonel McEachran, being given 
the post of honor. The Fenians 
offered scarcely any resistance, 
and the affair was over in a few 
minutes, though there was every 
probability that the Fenians 
would make another attempt in 
force about the same point. 

In the afternoon Major 
Stevenson received orders to 
proceed with the Battery to 
Trout River. The corps re 
mained there several days. 

While at this place the Bat 
tery received much attention 
from the farmers, one of them 
having quite won the hearts of 

officers and men by his kindness and courtesy. This was Mr. Arthur, and a few 
months after the return of the Battery from service, the Battery sent a deputation 
back to Trout River to present Mr. Arthur with a handsomely framed portrait of 
His Royal Highness Prince Arthur, as a token of the Battery s appreciation of the 
patriotic farmer s kindness. 

Prince Arthur kindly signed the portrait of himself at the request of the 
officers of the Battery, and it is still a valued heirloom in the Arthur family. 

53 




PORTRAIT OF PRINCK ARTHUR 
I 1 KKSKNTKI> TO MR. WILLIAM ARTHUR, OF HUNTINGDON, BY THE BATTERY, IS7O 



The following correspondence on this subject explains itself: 

Montreal, 6th June, 1870. 
Colonel Elphinstone, C.B., V.C., 

Montreal. 
Dear Sir: 

During the march of the Montreal Field Battery of Artillery from Hunting 
don to Henderson ville (Trout River) on Friday, the 27th ultimo, we halted for a 
few minutes to rest the horses opposite the farm of Mr. Wm. Arthur, who imme 
diately brought and sent from his house a most bountiful supply of milk, water, 
bread, cakes, etc. After all had partaken of his good cheer he insisted upon filling 
every haversack, at the same time declining to accept of any compensation what 
ever. The members of the Battery feel that some slight acknowledgement of that 
gentleman s generosity should be made, and the similarity of name has suggested 
the idea of presenting loyal William Arthur with a photographic portrait of Royal 
Arthur William. The value of the gift would be infinitely enhanced if the 
autograph of His Royal Highness could be appended thereto. I have therefore 
ventured to enquire whether, under the circumstances, His Royal Highness would 
be graciously pleased to append his autograph to the photograph sent herewith. 
Such an act of condescension would be accepted by the Battery as a Royal favor 
conferred upon the corps, whilst it would undoubtedly awaken livelier feelings of 
loyalty and patriotism in the breast of that hospitable frontier farmer, in whose 
household it would be cherished with a sort of sacred veneration. 
I have the honour to remain 

Yours most faithfully, 

A. A. STEVENSON, 

Lt.-Col. Com. M. F. B. of A. 



Montreal, 6th June, 1870. 
Dear Sir : 

His Royal Highness says that he has very great pleasure indeed in acceding 
to the request of yourself and the officers of your Field Battery by signing the 
accompanying photograph. 

A man who behaved so loyally and liberally deserves every possible recog 
nition, and His Royal Highness desires that you will mention to Mr. William 
Arthur that the Prince will not fail to mention his liberality when in England. 

I am likewise desired to send herewith, for your own acceptance, a photograph 
of His Royal Highness. 

Believe me, yours faithfully, 

H. C. ELPHINSTONE. 
Lt.-Col. A. A.. STEVENSON, 

Com. Montreal Field Battery, Montreal. 

54 



While the Battery was at Trout River Lieutenant-Colonel John Fletcher, 
being Deputy Adjutant General of the District, commanded the militia force there 
assembled. On the last day the Battery was out there General Lindsay arrived, 
accompanied by His Royal Highness Prince Arthur, then an officer in the Battalion 
of the Rifle Brigade commanded by Lord Alexander Russell, and held a review of 
the whole force. The Battery returned to Montreal the next day via the same 
route as it had taken at the end of the Raid of 1866. 

The pay-list for this service, May 25th to June ist 1860, shows the following 
names : 

Lieutenant-Colonel, A. A. Stevenson ; Major, W. McGibbon ; First Lieutenant, 
T. W. Boyd ; Surgeon, G. E. Fen wick ; Sergeant-Major, E. Hnmm ; Acting 
Sergeant-Major to half Battery, James Suttie ; Quartermaster Sergeant, John 
Cooper ; Hospital Sergeant, J. H. Mathieson ; Sergeants, John Wilson, Wm. 
Bauden, James Pollock; Corporals, Hugh Mclntosh, Thos. Lilley, Wm. H. Kerfut, 
James Yuill ; Bombardiers, W. Grant, J. P. Peavey, Jas. Griffin; Trumpeter, 
A. Mclnnes ; Gunners, Angus Mitchell, Thos. Robinson, C. McGowan, R. 
McKeown, Henry Corrigan, James Smith, John Jackson, Wm. Bennett, Robt. 
Inglis, Wm. Cunningham, H. McKay, John Henderson, W. McGrath, E. Morgan, 
John Marsh, Benjamin Robinson, P. B. Ferguson, Wm. Burrell, Win. Willis, 
Saml. Russell, Chas. Nimino, W. Nash, W. Houston, W. Higgins, John Wood, 
Win. Brackwell, John Oliver, Jas. Thorn, Richd. Hemsley, Alex. Downs, John 
Stephenson, Edw. .Thompson, Mortimer Hynes, James Russell, Thomas Shone, 
Wm. Muir; Drivers, J. S. Pieroty, Saml. Cunningham, Fredk. Bennett, Jas. 
Cunningham, John Clayton, Danl. Wilson, R. Comvay, D. Munro, Wm. Wright, 
John Bloorafield, Thos. Massey, W. Calvert, Joseph Turner, John Jolliff, Thos. 
Eraser, John H. Lynn, Peter Reid, Geo. H. Burt, Jas. Shannon, Alex. Mason, 
Hugh Dunachie, Geo. Johnston. 

Major Stevenson was present when General Lindsay, who was about leaving 
Canada, decorated Lieutenant-Colonels Fletcher, Chamberlain and McEachran with 
the order of C. M. G. and the old general feelingly remarked to the major : "I want 
you to keep up that splendid battery of yours. It is a fine corps, and will be 
wanted some day, and when it is wanted I am sure you will all do your duty." 



55 



\ f 



CHAPTER V. 



SERVICE IN AID OF THE CIVIL POWER.. 




OT the least important of the valuable services rendered by the 
loyal militia of Canada have been those performed when 
various corps have been called out on actual service in aid of 
the civil authority. The Active Militia Force is at once a 
national police force as well as a force for national defence. 
The militia has been frequently called upon to perform its 
by no means pleasant police duties, and upon no corps have the 
calls for aid to the civil power been as frequent as those which com 
pose the Montreal Division. 

The Montreal Field Battery was called out in aid of the civil 
power very soon after its organization, election riots being frequent 
in the fifties and sixties as a result of the open ballot and the good 
old fashioned ways of condiicting elections. Brick-bats were the common missiles, 
and cracked skulls were quite the fashion at election times, but a military display 
usually restored peace easily. In 1858 and 1859 the Montreal militia corps were 
frequently on service in the streets. 

In 1860 a riot occurred during a mayoralty contest, the voting then extending 
over several days. The orders to turn out were received by the members of the 
Battery early in the morning, the parade being ordered for 9.30. So promptly did 
the men respond that at that hour to the minute the Battery was on parade, with 
guns horsed and ready for action. The Battery was under arms for four days on 
this occasion, being stationed on Victoria Square and on the present City Hall 
Square, and got through this service without any trouble, but both they and the 
Cavalry were once or twice treated to a little mild excitement, being vigorously 
pelted with snowballs by the mob. 

In November, 1875, the Battery was on service on the occasion of the burial of 
Joseph Guibord, whose body at the time of his death, some eight years previously, 
had been refused burial in consecrated ground in the Roman Catholic Cemetery 
because he belonged to the Institut Canadien, which institution had been placed 
under the ban because its library contained books regarded as heretical by the 
Roman Catholic Church. 

56 



Guibord was himself a devout member of the Roman Catholic Church and a 
regular attendant at its services. His wife, who had predeceased him had been 
buried in his family lot in the Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery, and, before his 
death, he had asked that his body be laid beside that of his wife. 

The Cemetery then, as now, was under the control of the Fabrique of Notre- 
Dame, and the latter body, through its representative, the Reverend Cure Rous- 
selot, refused permission for the interment to take place. The power of the law 
was invoked by the officers of the Institut Canadien to compel the ecclesiastical 
authorities to permit of the interment as desired, and in the meantime, the casket 
containing Guibord s body was deposited in the receiving vault of the Mount 
Royal Protestant Cemetery. 

A series of long and complicated lawsuits followed, the Church authorities 
basing their right to refuse interment in consecrated ground on the terms of the 
Capitulation of Canada, which guaranteed to the Roman Catholic Church the full 
exercise of its accustomed usages. The learned counsel for the Institut pleaded 
that, in spite of any special arrangement with the Roman Catholic Church, that the 
ecclesiastical authorities could not interfere with the proprietary or any other 
vested rights of a British subject, and this argument carried the da}-. 

After Mr. Joseph Doutre, Q.C., the leading counsel for the Institut, had fought 
out the case through the Canadian Courts, it was taken to the very foot of the 
Throne, the Imperial Privy Council, who, on appeal, finally ordered the Fabrique 
to permit the interment to take place as desired by the friends of the deceased. 

While the case was being argued before the courts much ill-feeling was 
aroused in Montreal and vicinity. Mr. Doutre and the Institut Canadien had the 
sympathy of the Protestant portion of the community, while the great bulk of the 
Roman Catholic population, quite naturally, sympathised with the stand taken by 
their clergy. The case was much discussed in the public press, in the pulpit, and 
on the streets, and, by the time the final judgment of the highest tribunal in the 
realm was obtained, the situation wore an ugly look. 

When the judgment was given, some of the more violent of the church part} 
publicly advised the ecclesiastical authorities to refuse to obey the order of the 
court, but when the order arrived in the country and a date was fixed for the 
interment of all that remained of the body of poor Guibord, the authorities of the 
Fabrique allowed the grave to be opened in the Guibord lot. 

On the afternoon fixed for the interment, Mr. Doutre and a few of the officers 
of the Institut Canadien proceeded to Mount Royal Cemetery, and the casket was 
taken from its long resting place and placed in a hearse for removal to Cote des 
Neiges Cemetery. 

All went well until the little cortege approached the gates of the Roman 
Catholic Cemetery on the Cote des Neiges Road, when the modest procession was 
greeted with hooting from a crowd of disorderly persons who had assembled on the 
road. On arriving at the Cemetery entrance it was found that a mob of consider- 

57 



able dimensions had closed the gates, and was prepared to resist any attempt to 
open them. The hearse was brought to a stop outside, stones began to fly, the 
driver was struck, the glass sides of the vehicle were broken, and, for some time, it 
looked as though the mob was determined to obtain possession of the casket. The 
driver of the hearse soon realized that there was to be nothing gained by remain 
ing, and turning the horses, drove back to Mount Royal Cemetery, where the 
casket was returned to its old place in the receiving vault. 

The news of this open defiance of the law created great excitement throughout 
Canada, but there were not wanting those who openly approved of the action of 
the mob. The public authorities promptly decided that the dignity of the law 
must be asserted at any cost, and the whole of the then existing Montreal militia 
corps were ordered under arms for November :6th, to see that the orders of the 
Privy Council were carried out. 

The force consisted of the Montreal Troop of Cavalry, the nucleus of the 
present Duke of York s Royal Canadian Hussars, the Montreal Field Battery, the 
Montreal Garrison Artillery, the Prince of Wales Regiment, the Victoria Rifles, 
and the Sixth Hochelaga Light Infantry, later the 6th Fusiliers, and recently 
amalgamated with the ist Prince of Wales Regiment, which has been transformed 
from a rifle corps into a Fusilier Regimen.t. 

The Battary paraded in full strength under the command of Major Stevenson, 
and was served out with the usual supply of service ammunition. The Militia 
Brigade, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel John Fletcher, Deputy Adjutant 
General, first marched to the gates of Mount Royal Cemetery, where the remains 
of poor Guibord were once more placed in a hearse for removal to the Roman 
Catholic Cemetery. The hearse was escorted by a large detachment of the City 
Police Force, accompanied by Doctor, now Sir William Kingston, then Mayor of 
Montreal, and the open grave was reached and the remains of Guibord consigned 
to mother earth without further incident. The troops marched to Cote des Neiges 
via the Outremont road, and during the interment were drawn up ready for any 
emergency on the road near the cemetery gates. 

A considerable crowd of rowdies had gathered in the vicinity, but beyond a 
little hooting and jeering made no hostile demonstration. 

This Guibord incident caused a strained feeling between the two branches of 
the population of Montreal which lasted for some time. It looked for some years 
as though the City would lose its enviable reputation as the home of a singularly 
harmonious population, in spite of the fact that it is divided both as to race and 
religion. Tolerant feeling in religious matters had, up to this time, been an 
honourable characteristic of the whole of the people of Montreal. 

Just after the conquest, the Protestant population used one of the Roman 
Catholic places of worship for Devine Service, after the usual Sunday celebrations 
of the Mass. From 1766 to 1797, the adherents of the Church of England used the 
Church of the Recollets every Sunday afternoon for the service of their Church. 

5* 



Up to 1792, the Presbyterians also used the same sacred edifice for their regular 
services, and when their congregation moved to their first church, the old edifice 
still standing on St. Gabriel street, the pious and orthodox followers of John Knox 
presented the good fathers of the Recollet Church with a handsome gift of candles 
for the High Altar, and of wine for the Mass, as a token of appreciation of the 
practical Christian courtesy which had prompted the Priests to allow those of 
another faith to occupy for so long, gratuitously, their place of worship. The 
Recollet fathers certainly showed a marked Christian spirit in that early clay. 

The ill-feeling caused by the Guibord case threatened for some time to bring 
the good and honourable understanding hitherto existing between the Protestant 




ONE SUB-DIVISION. 

and Roman Catholic sections of the community to an end. Fanatics arose on both 
sides, and secured followings of more or less influence. The excitement had one 
good result. It had a stimulating effect upon the Militia corps, and all of the city 
military organizations were kept up in a high state of efficiency. 

In 1877 a young Orangeman named Hackett was attacked on Victoria Square, 
by a gang of roughs, while returning from the Twelfth of July religious service. 
Revolvers were drawn on both sides, and Hackett was shot dead in the doorway of a 
big warehouse, near the corner of Fortification Lane. The marks of the bullets 

59 



could, until recently, have been seen on the stone. That night the Montreal 
Militia Brigade was on service and passed the night under arms. The whole city 
was excited, and it appeared almost impossible to prevent serious trouble. Great 
numbers of Orangemen from Ontario and the Eastern Townships arrived in 
Montreal for Hackett s funeral, which took place on the iyth. It was announced 
that strong parties of Irish Roman Catholics were being organized to attack the 
funeral cortege as it passed through the streets, and the whole Brigade was again 
called out. The Field Battery had considerable moving about to do, and took up 
various commanding positions as the funeral passed through the streets. Thanks, 
doubtless to the complete military arrangements, there was no overt act, and 
Hackett s body was quietly laid to rest in Mount Royal Cemetery. 

The following Twelfth of July the local Orangemen announced their determi 
nation to celebrate the anniversary by a grand Orange procession, and again the 
city became excited. Some people left the city, and the Banks barricaded their 
places of business. The whole of the City Militia force was placed on service, 
and in addition A and B Batteries, R. C. A., and the nth, 5Oth, 5ist, 53rd, 54th 
and 64th Battalions were sent here. The Mayor, the late Jean Louis Beaudry, had 
the Orange leaders arrested at their Hall as disturbers of the peace, no procession 
took place, and the much dreaded day passed off quietly. The Battery s orders for 
this day were to hold themselves in readiness to proceed rapidly to any point where 
its services might be required. 

When ordered out on this occasion, the Battery, as stated elsewhere, was 
under-going its annual training in camp. On July nth the following Battery 

order was issued : 

" Orders having been this afternoon issued by Lieut-General Smythe, and 
communicated verbally by Lieut-Colonel Fletcher, that the Montreal Field Battery 
should immediately leave the location where they are now encamped and remove to 
the Lacrosse Grounds beside the A and B Batteries, tents will be struck at once, 
and the Battery will remove to the above place without delay." 

As soon as the Battery was settled down in its new lines the following 
business-like orders were issued : 

" The Battery will parade at 9 o clock tomorrow morning in marching order, 
horses hooked in, and all ready to move at a moments notice, if required. 

" A camp guard consisting of two non-commissioned officers and six men will 
mount at 7 a.m. tomorrow, and all the spare men will be supplied with rifles and 
ammunition, and will form an additional guard in case the Battery should be 
required to leave camp." 

The Battery remained in its lines the whole day, horses harnessed, and 
officers and men on the alert. The officers on service on this occasion were 
Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson, Major McGibbon, Captain Oswald, Lieutenant 
Green, Surgeon Fen wick and Veterinary Surgeon D. McEachran. 

The conduct of the troops during this trying and unsatisfactory service was 



60 

. 



most commendable, the general officer commanding expressing his satisfaction in 
the following general order : 

" Lieutenant-General Sir Edward Selby Smythe has the pleasure to express 
his thanks to the three thousand officers, non-commissioned officers and men, 
composing the force in Montreal assembled under his command on the nth and 
1 2th instants, for their remarkable discipline and good conduct, as well as for their 
singularly soldierlike patience and forbearance under trying circumstances." 

The last time the Batten was called out in aid of the Civil power was at the 
time of the small-pox riots in the latter part of the summer of 1885. The disease 
at the time was epidemic in the city, and the municipal authorities adopted 
stringent measures to suppress it, enforcing compulsory vaccination, isolation, etc. 
This was resented by a certain section of the population, and a mob attacked and 
wrecked an East end vaccination depot, and marching to the City Hall, proceeded 
to break the windows. 

Threats were made to destroy the small-pox hospitals, and to attack the 
municipal authorities, and, to assist the City Police Force, the whole of the local 
militia corps were called out. The late Lieutenant-Colonel Straubenzie, then 
Deputy Adjutant General, was absent from the city, and the command of the 
Division devolved upon Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson, commanding the Field 
Battery, who made such a good disposition of the force under his command that 
there were no further demonstrations. The next day Major General Middleton, 
commanding the Militia, came down from Ottawa and approved of Colonel 
Stevenson s arrangements. 

During this exciting time the non-commissioned officers of the Field Battery 
rendered useful service as mounted orderlies and patrols, the cavalry force being 
altogether numerically inadequate to perform the mounted duties required. 

The force was necessarily much divided, some companies being detailed for 
guards at the small-pox hospitals, at the City Hall, and the Armouries, one also 
being stationed at the residence of the then Mayor, Mr. Honore Beaugrand, who 
had earned the enmity of the disturbers of the peace by his energetic support of 
the health measures adopted. Some regiments were sent through the streets as 
patrols, and the Brigadier would have found it impossible to keep up com 
munication between the parts of his scattered force without the assistance of the 
mounted batterymen. 



6 1 - 



CHAPTER VI. 



THE WORK AND CHANGES OF RECENT YEARS. 




JNCE the Fenian Raid of 1870, the Battery has not been called upon 
to perform any actual service in defense of the country, but it has 
held itself always ready to do so if required. Its efficiency has 
never been allowed to fall off, though there have been the usual 
number of changes. 

Through the Seventies the drills of the old days were kept 
up and numerous salutes were fired. In 1872, the Battery fired the 
salute in honour of the unveiling of the Queen s statue on Victoria 
Square. 

The Battery assisted in the organization of the Dominion Artillery 
Association, being one of the first corps to affiliate. It has always 
stood high in the competitions of that useful organization, and Colonel 
Stevenson has in his possession, and prizes very highly, a fine pair of 
field-glasses bearing the following inscription : " Dominion Artillery Association. 
Presented to Lieut.-Col. A. A. Stevenson, Commanding the Montreal Field Battery, 
that Battery having the highest total number of voluntary drills during 1877." 

Later similar glasses given as prizes in these competitions were given to the 
batteries instead of to the commanding officers, and when Lieut.-Colonel Stevenson 
relinquished the command, he had the honour of handing over to his successor two 
pairs of glasses similar to the ones in his possession, as well as two silver cups, 
awarded as prizes for general efficiency. 

The six-pounder guns and the twelve-pounder howitzer originally served out 
to the Battery, were called in in 1867 or 1868, and to replace them there were 
issued to the Battery three smooth bore nine-pounders and one twenty-four-pounder 
howitzer. This armament was in time replaced by four nine-pounder muzzle 
loading, rifled guns, and they in turn have just been replaced by six twelve-pounder 
breech-loading, rifled guns. 

The Battery has fired salutes upon the occasions of the arrival in Montreal of 
all of the Governors-General. 

While Colonel Coursol was Mayor of Montreal, the city was visited by the 
Russian Crown Prince Alexander, afterwards Czar. The mayor tried to arrange a 

62 



turn-out of all the Montreal corps in honour of the distinguished visitor, but it 
could not be arranged. At the request of Colonel Coursol, Colonel Stevenson 
turned out the Battery, and the corps went through a number of manoeuvres on 
the Champ de Mars before the Crown Prince. This was in winter, and the fact 
that the Battery had no sleighs for the guns attracted the attention of the Prince. 
He told the Mayor that he was surprised and delighted at the drill of the Batter} , 
but thought it strange that in a country where there was so much snow during the 
winter months, that the Battery was not provided with sleighs. Later on the 
Battery was equipped with sleighs. 

On August 3Oth, 1880, the Field Battery lost by the death of Quartermaster 
Sergeant John Cooper, a non-commissioned officer who had rendered the corps 
loyal and noteworthy service ever since 1855. His 
death was the occasion of th.e issuance of a Battery 
order in which the Commanding Officer declared 
l> The long connection of the deceased with the Corps 
(25 years), the interest he manifested in all its affairs, 
and his zeal and usefulness in the position he held, 
furnish strong claims to the gratitude of the members 
of the Battery." 

The remains were accorded a military funeral by 
the comrades of the deceased. 

The Field Battery has always maintained an envi 
able reputation for good target practice. 

In 1 86 1 the officers of the Battery donated a 
handsome gold medal for competition among the men 
of the Battery, the winners being as follows: 1861, 
Gunner Wm. Bauden ; 1862, Gunner Charles Breadon ; 
1863, Driver John Outhed ; 1864, Sergeant John 
Wilson; 1865, Gunner Hugh McKay; Final Winner, 
1866, Sergeant John Wilson. 

The conditions governing the competition for the 
medal were as follows : 




MEDAL FOR TARGET 



1 I.\AL WINNER SOT. JOHN WILSON. ]866 



"The Officers of the Montreal Field Battery of 

Artillery, having presented a Gold Medal, to be competed for among the non 
commissioned officers and men of the Battery, it is hereby ordered that the 
following conditions be observed in reference thereto : 

" ist. The Medal to be the property of the Company, and is to be fired for 
annually for five years. The person who makes the best firing, will wear the 
Medal for one year, or until it is next competed for. The name of the winner will 
be engraved on the back of the Medal, every year, and any person who should be 
successful in winning it twice within the period of five years before alluded to, will 
be entitled to claim the Medal as his own property. Unless some one shall have 

63 



won it twice within the period referred to, the Medal will then be competed for by 
the five members who shall have been successful in winning it in former years. 

" 2nd. Every competitor will point and lay his own gun, and the result will 
be declared according to the average distance from the centre of the target, of the 
whole number of rounds fired by each, and not on what may perhaps be the best 
single shot. 

" 3rd. The Officers will each year determine what number of rounds shall be 
allowed to each competitor for that year, and also the range to be adopted." 

The men of the Battery have always given a creditable account of themselves 
at the annual competitions held under the auspices of the Dominion Artillery 
Association. In 1879, the target practice took place on the Island of Orleans, and 
the programme provided that each man of the whole detatchment of sixteen was to 
fire three rounds of common and three of shrapnel shell. Corporal Alexander 
Ogilvie Hastings had the satisfaction, on this occasion, of making the highest score 
ever made up to that time in these competitions, 48 out of a possible 52. Corporal 
Kendall was second with 40 points, and Gunner McKinnon third with 37. In 
addition to the medal and badge presented by the Dominion Artillery Association, 
Corporal Hastings was presented with a gold medal by Mr. W. T. Walker, of 
St. Louis, Missouri, a former member of the Battery. 

The following year Hastings, by that time promoted to be a sergeant, again 
headed the list with the score of 46, Sergeant John Marsh being second with 42 and 
Gunner J. McG. Mowat third with 41. The team score was 558, the highest on 
record up to that time. The then Minister of Militia, the Hon. A. P. Caron, 
specially came to Montreal that year to present the Batterymen with their pri/es. 
Sergeant Hastings represented the Battery on the first Canadian Artillery team to 
visit Shoeburyness, in iSSi. 

June 7th, 1881, two guns of the Battery participated in the inauguration of the 
monument erected at Chambly, in honor of De Salaberry, the Canadian Leonidas, 
the heroic officer who, at the head of some 400 militiamen, in the war of 1812, 
inflicted a disastrous defeat upon an invading army of 7,000 men, in the valley of 
the Chateauguay. 

September 26th, 1881, the Montreal Field Battery performed another of those 
noteworthy acts of international courtesy which have characterized its career. 
The great neighbouring Republic had been bereft of its President, the brave 
and good General Garfield, by the hand of a cowardly assassin. The whole world, 
shocked at the unreasoning brutality of the devilish deed, watched sympathetically 
at the bedside of the suffering President and sympathised with the American 
people when his gallant fight against the inevitable came to an end. It was one 
of those occasions when the natural unity of the Anglo-Saxon race was manifested 
to a sceptical world, and, from the Queen-Empress to the lowliest of her subjects 
in the world-wide Empire, went out a feeling of sincere fraternal sympathy to the 
kindred people of the United States. 

64 



Nowhere was this feeling more sincere than in Canada. At the time of the 
President s death a United States military organization, the Troy Citizens Corps, 
was in Montreal on an excursion, and the Field Battery was associated with the 
other local corps in entertaining them. After the sad news was received the 
visiting corps cancelled its engagements, and marching to the station with muffled 
drums and draped colours, took the train back to Troy, N. Y. 

The funeral took place on the 26th and while it was in progress a memorial 
service was held in the American Presbyterian Church on Dorchester Street. At 
the same time the Field Battery fired minute guns from Dominion Square. The 
order calling out the Battery on this occasion read as follows : 

" As a mark of respect for the memory of a gallant soldier, and to manifest 
their sympathy with a neighbouring nation now in mourning, the Montreal Field 
Battery will muster at the Drill Shed, Craig Street, this afternoon at one o clock 
precisely, and will proceed to Dominion Square for the purpose of firing minute 
guns during the funeral obsequies of the late President Garfield at Cleveland, 
Ohio. The firing will continue during the whole time the funeral procession is in 
progress, probably occupying two hours." 

March loth, 1888, the Battery participated in the Montreal celebration of the 
twenty-fifth anniversary of the marriage of Their Royal Highnesses the Prince and 
and Princess of Wales, marching with a detachment of the Prince of Wales Regi 
ment to Mount Royal, where a Royal salute was fired in honour of the occasion. 

During March, 1889, ^ r - Frederic Villiers, the celebrated war correspondent 
and artist, lectured in Montreal, under the auspices of the Field Battery, the 
lectures proving a rare treat for the citizens. 

The annual camp in 1882,011 the exhibition grounds, was under the command 
of Lieutenant Green, Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson being on leave. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Irwin was the inspecting officer at the annual inspection at the conclusion 
of the camp, and said, in addressing the men, that the Battery could not be surpassed 
by any corps he had ever inspected. This year the Battery participated in the 
grand military review held on Fletcher s Field, the ninth of September, in connec 
tion with the big exhibition of that year. Special interest attached to this event 
owing to the presence of two American corps, the Troy Citizens Corps, and the 
Barlow Grays, of St. Albans, Vt. The evening after the review the Battery gave a 
grand military entertainment in the Queen s Hall, under the auspices of His 
Honor Lieutenant-Governor Robitaille. 

In 1885 the men of the Battery fondly cherished the hope that they would be 
called upon to assist in the suppression of the North West Rebellion, and officers and 
men worked with redoubled efforts to keep the corps up to the very highest point 
of efficiency. The Battery was complete in every respect and ready to take the field 
and give a good account of itself at any moment, but the uprising was put down in 
short order by Major-General Middleton, without requiring the assistance of any of 
the volunteer batteries from the Eastern provinces. 

65 



In 1886 the Montreal Field Battery performed one of those little acts of inter 
national courtesy which have had so much to do towards drawing closer together 
the two great branches of the Anglo-Saxon family, which are working out in their 
own way the problem of developing the resources of the North American Con 
tinent. Mr. Grover Cleveland, then President of the United States, was married in 
June, and Lieut.-Col. Stevenson conceived the idea that it would be a courteous 
thing to fire a salute in honour of the occasion. So he communicated with Head 
quarters and obtained the necessary permission on the afternoon of the day of the 
wedding. The salute was fired on Dominion Square, at seven o clock, the hour at 
which the ceremony took place. An American, who was at Montreal at the time, 
wrote to one of the local papers expressing the gratitude of his fellow countrymen 
in the following words : " When I heard the salvo of cannon at the moment of 
Mr. Cleveland s marriage, a feeling of deep pleasure, a sentiment of gratitude to 
the Montreal Field Battery for its graceful act, stirred my blood ; and I am sure 
that it was the same with every American resident in Montreal. Honours are easy ; 
for I venture to say, nay I proudly assert that the heart of Britain throbs not more 
warmly than that of every true American with sentiments of profound respect 
and deep admiration for the incomparable Lady who, during many years, has so 
graced the throne of Great Britain ; and it would gratify us all to prove by deed, as 
we would fain express by word, our homage for Her." 

The Battery fired another salute upon the occasion of another historical event 
in 1886. The despatching of the first through train to the Pacific over the just 
completed Canadian Pacific Railway, June 28, was attended with considerable cere 
mony. A guard of honour from the Victoria Rifles was in attendance at the old 
station on Dalhousie Square, and the Mayor, aldermen, members of parliament, and 
representatives of various religious, business and public bodies gathered at the 
station. At 8 p. in., the Mayor, Mr. Beaugrand, gave the order for the train to 
start, and as it slowly pulled out of the station the Battery fired a salute. 

Two distinct organizations existed for some time within the ranks of the 
Montreal Field Battery, and had much to do during several years with the main 
tenance of the spirit of esprit de corps and camaraderie, which has always 
distinguished the corps. The Montreal Field Battery Association was organized 
in 1885, its objects being, according to the constitution : 

" (a) The promotion and maintenance of the efficiency of the Battery, and an 
esprit de corps among its members. 

" (l>) The formation of a fund to assist the Battery in carrying on its work. 

" (c) Organizing and carrying on sports, games, athletic exercises, military 
competitions, and entertainments of any kind, and provision for a band when 
required." 

In 1888, when winter sports were booming as a result of the series of winter 
carnivals, the Montreal Field Battery Snowshoe Club was organized, and during 
that winter and for several following, the club held a prominent place among the 

66 



winter athletic organizations of the city. The club held its regular tramps, its 
steeplechases, its ladies nights, its drives, etc., and in the carnival procession of 
1889, the allegorical car of the club was admitted to be one of the most effective on 
parade. The car represented a full battery behind a snow fort, with a pyramid of 
men in the centre of the whole. It was drawn by six battery teams with artillery 
harness and driven in the regulation way by mounted drivers in the full winter 
uniform of the Battery. It was accompanied by a mounted escort. 

The Battery has played an important part in obtaining the present excellent 
quarters of the Montreal Militia corps. When first organized the Battery had the 
use of the Artillery quarters at the old Quebec 
Gate Barracks, where the station now stands, 
for the guns and for gun drill, while the East 
ern part of the upper story of the Bonsecours 
Market was used for the foot and sword drill. 
This was after the Barracks had been vacated 
by the Imperial troops, who had been ordered 
off to the Crimea. When the Royal Artillery 
returned in force, at the time of the Trent 
affair, the Battery had to leave the barracks, 
and found accommodation for some time, both 
for the guns and drills, at the Crystal Palace, 
then located on St. Catherine Street, opposite 
the end of Victoria Street. 

Some objection having been made to the 
use of part of the Bonsecours Market for 
evening drills, in 1857 or 1858, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Stevenson and Captain A. W. Ogilvie, 
then commanding the Montreal Cavalry, had 
the Victoria Hall, on Victoria Square, erected 
as a drill shed for the two corps. This build 
ing was vacated when the old Drill Shed 
on Craig Street, on the site of the present one, 
was erected. When the Drill Shed collapsed 

the Battery re-occupied the Crystal Palace as quarters, and when compelled to 
leave that building again, returned to what was left of the old Drill Shed. After 
the Montreal High School moved from the building at present occupied by the 
Fraser Institute, at the corner of University and Dorchester Streets, Colonel 
Stevenson rented the lower part of the building as quarters for the Battery, and 
considerable expense was incurred in putting the place in a proper state of repair. 
After a couple of years occupation of these quarters, the Battery had again to move, 
and this time there was no place to move satisfactorily to. So the guns were 
stored in the Crystal Palace, which had been removed to the exhibition grounds at 

67 




MAJOR JOHN S. HALL 



Mile End, the harness was stored in a warehouse on Notre Dame Street, and the 
men did what foot drill they could in the upper flat of the Bonsecours Market. 
This was the unsatisfactory state of affairs when Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson, 
who was well supported by Lieutenant-Colonels Bond, of the Prince of Wales 
Regiment, Whitehead, of the Victoria Rifles, and Gardner, of the Sixth Fusiliers, 
set to work to get the Drill Shed re-built. 

The site on which the old shed. had been built had been bought by the corpo 
ration the year after the first Fenian Raid, when the value of the. Militia Force 
was appreciated by the public. The City then built a shed, the armouries round the 

drill hall proper being only one storey high. 
The cost of the land and building was 
$125,000. The construction of the roof was 
such that the nuts of the tie rods required to 
be tightened and loosened according as the iron 
contracted and expanded with the changes in 
temperature. This duty being neglected one 
fine, cold night, part of the roof came down. 
While the drill shed was habitable the govern 
ment had paid the City rental for it, but after 
the collapse of the roof the payments stopped. 
This was the position when Colonel Steven 
son got the other commanding officers to make 
a strong united demand for a Drill Hall. 
Clearly the first thing to be done was to 
induce the City Council to adopt some plan 
for the rebuilding of the collapsed structure 
on an improved plan. A general municipal 
election was approaching and all of the candi 
dates were canvassed to say whether they 
would support the demand of the Militia or 
not. One prominent alderman flatly refused 
to pledge himself to the scheme as submitted, 
and at the very last moment it was decided to 
bring out Colonel Stevenson against him. All the volunteers in the City turned 
out and worked for the Colonel and elected him. He has been a member of 
the City Council ever since. 

In the City Council he would not allow the Drill Hall project to drop out of 
notice, and, principally owing to his efforts, in 1882 arrangements were completed 
for constructing the present commodious, if not exactly handsome, structure on 
Craig Street. The building was completed in 1888, the Battery taking possession 
of its quarters in May of that year. 

In 1891 Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson, beloved by his men, and admired and 

68 




MAJOR r,K()Ri.K R. HOOPKR. 
I885-I895. 



respected by all having the best interests of the Militia of Canada at heart, retired 
from the Battery, after thirty-six years service in that corps, and having had the 
command with conspicuous credit to himself for no less than thirty-four years. 
When he handed the corps over to his successor, Major Hall, he turned it over 
with all the stores and equipment complete, an achievement on which the veteran 
officer justly prides himself. 

Lieut.-Colonel Stevenson formally relinquished the command of the Battery 
and read his farewell order at a drill parade held on the evening of April 24th. 

After the reading of this order, which was very affecting, by Lieut.-Colonel 
Stevenson, a short speech was made to the Battery by Major J. S. Hall, to whom the 
command was turned over. In the course of his remarks Major Hall said : "I wish 
to say a few words with regard to the stores. Colonel Stevenson has turned 
them over without one single piece, even to the smallest iota, being missing. You 
who know what a vast amount of stores there is to 
look after can well understand that this is something 
to be more than proud of." 

Lieut.-Colonel G. Mattice, the Brigade Major of 
the Montreal District, also delivered a few remarks, 
saying : " I can only endorse what Major Hall has 
said in regard to the Battery stores. To me it is 
something marvellous to know that nothing was 
missing. In the short space of one hour and a half 
the whole stores were turned over in perfect order, 
and I may say that I do not think there is another 
corps in Canada that could show their stores in such 
a condition." 

Major J. S. Hall held the command until Feb 
ruary, 1895, when he was succeeded by Major George 
R. Hooper. During Major Hall s tenure of the com 
mand there was not much out of the ordinary in the 
Battery s work. It had its annual encampment on 

either the Exhibition grounds or St. Helen s Island, and the usual detachments 
were sent every year to the Island of Orleans for the field firing practice. 
Foot drills were kept up as usual in the armoury during the winter. 

Major George R. Hooper, who succeeded Major Hall, was an accomplished 
officer, and during the last few years he had had considerable experience in the 
work of the Batter} , for Major Hall, being Provincial Treasurer, was often com 
pletely engrossed with his civil duties. Major Hooper was a graduate of that 
excellent institution, and the Alma Mater of so many good officers, the Royal 
Military College, Kingston. 

Major Hooper graduated in 1882 in a class which included a number of Cadets 
who have since distinguished themselves, notably Lieutenant Stairs, who so dis- 

69 




. M. SKKC.KANT J. MC(,. M<)\VAT 
1876-1892. 



tinguished himself in connection with Stanley s last great expedition across the 
Continent of Africa. He joined the Field Battery as 2nd Lieutenant under Lieuten 
ant-Colonel Stevenson in 1885, the year of the North West Rebellion, when the 
Battery was very anxious to be sent to the front, and, as a matter of fact, expected 
to be ordered out any day. The officers of the Battery at that time were Lieuten 
ant-Colonel Stevenson, Captain Green, Lieutenant J. S. Hall, Surgeon G. E. 
Fenwick, and Veterinary Surgeon D. McEachran. Major Hooper obtained his 
captaincy April 24th, 1891, and his majority Feb. 9, 1895. 

It was largely through Major Hooper s personal friendship that Lieutenant 
Percy Girouard, at present of the Royal Engineers, became attached to the Battery 




GROUP OK OFFICERS IN CAMP IN 1890 
SURGEON-MAJOR (.. K. KKNWICK LT.-COL. A. A. STKYENSON LT. PKRCY GIROVARD 

I.T.-COI,. MONTIZAMBKRT MAJOR J. S. HAM, 



CAPTAIN ( ,EO. R. HOOI-KK 

VET.-CAP. CIIAS. McKACHkAN 



in 1890, and that fine young officer s picture figures in the photograph of the group 
of the officers of the Battery taken in 1890. Lieutenant Gironard was, like Major 
Hooper, a graduate of the Royal Military College, but before many months service 
in the Montreal Battery, he accepted a commission in the Royal Engineers. His 
work in connection with the construction of the railway built in Egypt, to keep up 
the communication between the base and the force operating for the re-conquest of 
the Soudan, is a matter of military history. He has had charge of the work, and 






70 



with such success that the whole military world united in praising the achievement 
as one of the most successful and remarkable military works on record. Some of 
the highest authorities declare that, next to Lord Kitchener himself, the credit for 
the success of the present campaign in the Soudan belongs to Lieutenant Girouard. 
Lieutenant Girouard has lately been appointed to the supreme control of all the 
railways in Egypt. After graduating at Kingston, this officer was for some time 
engaged in engineering work connected with railway construction, and the experi 
ence then obtained, combined with natural talent and the thorough education 
received at the Royal Military College, has stood him in a good stead in his import 
ant work in the Soudan. He now has the rank of Major in the Egyptian Army. 

In 1877 the camp was held on St. Catherine Street West near the City limits, 
and the year following the Battery went into camp on July 8th on a vacant lot on 
the South side of Dorchester Street West, just beyond Atwater Avenue. On the 
orders of Lieutenant-General Sir Selby Smythe, tents were struck on the afternoon 
of July nth and the Batter}- camp removed to the old Montreal Lacrosse Grounds 
on St. Catherine Street, between Mackay and Mountain Streets, where A and B 
Batteries of the Regiment of Canadian Artillery were encamped in anticipation of 
rioting on the i2th of July. The annual training was completed there, the 
Battery marching out on the ryth of the month. In 1879 the first of the Battery s 
camps in the exhibition grounds at Mile End was held. The camp at night was 
lighted with the electric light, then considered a great novelty. The annual 
camps for the six succeeding years were held on the same ground, the military 
enclosure on St. Helen s Island being then adopted as the camping ground. 

During Major Hooper s tenure of the command, Lieutenant Benyon was 
transferred from the Battery to the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery. 

A noticeable change was made in the uniform in 1894, the old blue shoulder 
strap on the serges and tunics being replaced by one of scarlet. This change was 
general throughout the service, the object being to create a distinction between the 
Militia Artillery and the Royal Artillery, the shoulder strap being the onl} 
distinguishing feature there is. 

In 1894, General Herbert, then in command of the Militia, expressed a 
wish that the Battery should put in its annual training in the District camp. 
Consequently that year the corps encamped at Laprairie, and was brigaded with 
the Shefford Field Battery. 

Up to 1895 the Battery had sent detachments to the Island of Orleans each 
year for the annual target practice, but that year a new departure was made. A 
camp of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery was established at Laprairie, 
and every battery in Canada had to send detachments there to take part in field 
firing exercises under service conditions. The introduction of this idea was largely 
due to Lieut. 1 Drury, R. C. A., who had recently returned ^rom Okehampton. 

/ 



CHAPTER VII. 



THE FIELD BATTERY AS IT is TO-DAY. 




L,L one has to imagine is one of the smartest of the field batteries of 
the Royal Artillery to be seen at Aldershot, replace the blue 
shoulder straps on the tunics by red ones, and instead of the ugly 
helmets place smart busbies, very much resembling those of the 
Royal Horse or Galloping" Artillery, on the heads of officers 
and men, and one has a very good idea of what the 3rd 
(Montreal) Field Battery looks like on parade to-day, and as 
the citizens of Montreal saw it when it marched into quarters 
at the conclusion of the annual camp last summer. 

On July 6th, 1883, the Battery discarded the leggings previously 
worn, and adopted the riding breeches and high boots, which distin 
guish the corps from the other field batteries of the Militia service. 
The men provide the boots and breeches at their own expense, and 
they add greatly to the smart appearance of the well proportioned 
battery men on parade. The Montreal Battery has always, and quite 
justly, prided itself upon the fine physique and soldierly bearing of its men, and 
the boast was never better justified than at the present time. 

The Battery has come to be regarded as somewhat of a corps d elite. Many 
of its members have served in various other city corps, not a fe\v of them having 
given up stripes in crack infantry regiments to join the Battery as gunners. There 
is an esprit de corps and feeling of camaraderie in the Field Battery distinctively 
its own, amounting practically to a species of freemasonry. This has had the effect 
of keeping men in the Battery for long terms of service, and has most advantage 
ously affected the recruiting, for as soon as men take their discharge, friends of 
those remaining always are ready to volunteer to fill the vacancies. 

The present Sergeant Major of the Battery, J. D. Kendall, has seen 38 years 
service in the Militia, receiving his first stripe as bombardier in the Battery in 1877, 
and obtaining his Short Course certificate at the Royal School of Gunnery in 
July, 1878. The same year he was promoted to be corporal, and July 3Oth, 1881, 
to be sergeant. He succeeded Sergeant Major Walker as tbs chief non-commis 
sioned officer of the Battery in 1896. 

72 



The Batter} is now commanded by Major Richard Costigan, a most energetic 
and capable officer, under whose command the corps is keeping well up to its old 
traditions. He joined the Battery as Second Lieutenant in 1890, was promoted 
to be Lieutenant April 24th, 1891, Captain, February gth, 1895, an< ^ succeeded 
Major Hooper in the command, with the rank of Major, on February 27th, 1897. 

Before joining the Battery, Major Costigan had the advantage of a long and 
varied military training. His first soldiering was in that fine old nursery of the 
Militia, a corps that has supplied more good officers to the Militia of this district 
than all the other corps put together, the High School Cadet Rifles. The present 
major was then but a boy, but the drill and the soldierly instincts he then learned 
from the old instructor, Major Barnjum, he has not forgotten. After leaving the 
High School in 1877, he enlisted in the Victoria Rifles, and served in that corps up 
to 1889, when he joined the Montreal Garrison Artillery as Second Lieutenant, and 
qualified for his commission at the School of Gunnery at Quebec. Within a year 
of taking his commission Lieutenant Costigan was put in command of Number Five 
Battery of the Garrison, and a little while later was appointed adjutant. The 
following year he resigned from the Garrison Artillery and took a commission in 
the Field Battery, being one of the hardest working officers of the Battery ever since, 
giving much time and attention to the interests of his corps, though much of his 
time has been occupied with his private and municipal business. For three terms 
he represented St. Antoine Ward in the City Council. 

When Major Costigan took the command of the Battery, Captain A. T. Ogilvie 
transferred from the Victoria Rifles to the Battery. A short time ago he was 
transferred to the Royal Canadian Artillery. Mr. Donald A. Smith, a grandson of 
Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal, joined the Battery in 1896, and was promoted 
to be Captain last spring. 

Perhaps the most important event in the history of the Battery since its organ 
ization, the increase of strength and the re-arming, took place in the spring of 1898. 
By this change the strength was increased from 79 to 102, and the number of 
guns from four to six. 

The guns are modern, breech loading, i2-pounder rifles, and with them was 
served to the Battery a complete, new sett of harness, waggons, etc. 

Surgeon-Major Wilson represented the Battery in the detachment selected from 
the Canadian Militia to represent Canada at Her Majesty s Diamond Jubilee, he 
having been placed in medical charge of the contingent. 

On the occasion of its organization the Battery adopted as its motto the words 
" Always on Hand ", a motto the corps has always well lived up to. 

The original badge of the battery was a large Maltese cross, with three cannon 
balls within each angle. The circular centre of the cross was occupied by an 
unlimbered field gun, while the Imperial Crown occupied the upper arm of the 
cross. The right arm of the cross bore the words " Montreal Field Battery ", the 
left, " Volunteer Artillery ", and the lower " Always on Hand". 

73 



Iii 1886 a new badge was adopted. It consisted of a gun, within a garter, 
surmounted by a lion on the Imperial Crown. Within the garter was the then 
title of the Battery, "The Montreal Field Battery of Artillery," while flanking it 
were two sprays of oak leaves tied underneath, the junction of the two sprays being 
hidden by a scroll bearing the old motto, " Always on Hand". 

The latter badge is practically the present badge of the Battery, the new 
designation merely being added within the garter. 

The Field Battery has always been a favourite corps with the people of 
Montreal, as abundantly proven by the applause which has greeted it at reviews 
etc., and the popularity of the corps was never greater than at present. 

Admiration for this efficient organization is not confined to the fellow citizens 
of the smart gunners. A short time ago a letter to the editor was published in the 
Montreal Daily Star from a gentleman who signed himself as " J. Drew Gay, Late 
Colonel Ottoman Army ". It read as follows : 

" I see that the critics have been making adverse comment upon the Canadian 
volunteers. Allow me, as one who has seen service all over the world, to say that 
ten years ago, when I visited Canada for the first time, I said in the London Daily 
Telegraph, of which journal I was for eighteen years chief war correspondent, that 
I had never seen so good a battery of volunteer artillery as that commanded by 
Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson of your city, and that the opinion I then expressed 
has never changed. In my opinion the Canadians possess many volunteer 
and militia regiments which could take the field along-side of any of the line 
regiments in Europe, with credit and confidence." 

December 2nd, 1878, Colonel Gay in his description of the reception of the 
Marquis of Lome and Her Royal Highness Princess Louise in Montreal published 
in the London Daily Telegraph December agth, wrote : 

"And such militia ! I know it is the fashion to decry and depreciate irregular 
forces. I am aware that to the " regular " the idea of militia is " something too 
absurd ", but I may mention that, gathered on parade that morning, were more 
than one battalion that would have done credit to any army in the world ; that 
Stevenson s four gun battery is almost the equal of some of our own famous 
batteries at Woolwich ; and that the Scotch companies of the Fifth Fusilier regiment 
showed as handsome a set of fellows as ever marched past the saluting point." 



74 



CHAPTER VIII. 






MON t:AL 

y, c^V 









SOME OFFICIAL RECOGNITIONS OF EFFICIENCY 




FACT upon which the 3rd Field Battery especially prides itself 
is that, throughout its entire career, it has been maintained in a 
thoroughly efficient state, up to full strength and ready to turn 
out at any time in response to any call of duty. That the 
worthy boast is well founded can easily be proved by a 
scrutiny of the official records ever since the battery was 
organized. 

The following general order speaks for itself : 

"Headquarters, Montreal, i/th March, 1857. 
" General Order No. 3. 

The Lieutenant-General Commanding having had an 

opportunity of seeing the Volunteer Field Battery and Foot Companies of Artillery, 
and the Volunteer Militia Rifle Companies manoeuvre yesterday on the ice, in 
company with Her Majesty s 39th Regiment of Foot, desires to express his satis 
faction at the soldier-like steadiness and appearance of the Provincial Forces. The 
manner in which the Field Battery took up its position on the ice and opened fire 
was most creditable. The alacrity with which the officers and men of these 
Militia Forces turned out at the request of their Commandant, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Dyde, shows an esprit highly commendable and full of promise. 

"(Signed), W. J. D URHAX, Colonel 

"Deputy Quartermaster General." 

In his annual report in 1866, Major-General Lindsay reported as follows on 
the Battery : 

" The Montreal Field Battery, under Major Stevenson, is well drilled, and the 
corps displays great zeal to the service. They are badly equipped, and have old 
pattern guns. 

" Half the battery was stationed recently at Huntingdon, and performed severe 
marches over execrable roads." 

The same officer reporting on the operations along the frontier in connection 
with the Fenian Raids of that year remarked : 

" In March and June the Volunteer Force was suddenly called out for active 

75 



service on account of threatened Fenian incursions. These calls were obeyed with 
such alacrity that the enrolled men literally sprang to arms on their services being 
required by their country. 

" The latter emergency took place at a period when the greater part of the 
members of the Force were exposed to much inconvenience and personal loss. 
They cheerfully left their agricultural and commercial pursuits and at once 
responded to the demand of duty to the state. " 

Lieutenant-Colonel Osborne Smith, Assistant Adjutant Genera.1 of Militia, and 
Commanding the Volunteer Militia Force on the South Western Frontier had the 
following to say of the force that had been under his immediate command during 
the trouble : 

"It is my pleasing duty to report to you most satisfactorily on this force. The 
officers generally are zealous and intelligent, whilst of the general conduct and 
spirit displayed by the men I cannot speak too highly. " 

Colonel P. Robertson Ross, the then Adjutant General, in his report for 1869, 
remarked in connection with a reference to a voluntary parade of the Montreal 
Force on the 6th of August : 

" After the usual inspection, the brigade marched past in open column of 
companies headed by the Troop of Cavalry and the Field Battery, and again in 
contiguous columns at quarter distance, after which a change of front was effected ; 
the brigade deployed, skirmishers were thrown out, and the whole advanced under 
cover of the fire of the artillery subsequently retiring, the guns taking up other 
positions to cover the retreat, fresh skirmishers and supports from the reserves 
were extended, relieving those first employed. 

" Several charges were made in good style, and the manoeuvres, considering 
the very few opportunities that have of late been afforded the Montreal force for 
Brigade drill, were very creditably performed. 

The manner, in particular, in which the Field Battery took up its various 
positions, fired and manoeuvred, was most praiseworthy, and both its commander, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson, and those under him, proved themselves to be not 
only well acquainted with, but very proficient in the performance of their duties." 

Speaking of the Field Artillery in general in the same report, Colonel 
Robertson Ross said : 

" With regard to the Field Batteries of Artillery, ten in number, they are in a 
perfectly serviceable and effective condition, and this satisfactory result reflects 
great credit not only on the officers in command of these Batteries, but on the 
individual officers and men composing them. 

"At various reviews which were held last summer, these batteries worked well 
in brigade, taking up positions in good style, and firing with ease and rapidity ; and 
they only require, in addition to the periodical practice instruction in firing shot and 
shell, to be trained at the annual drills in Brigade, in co-operation with Cavalry and 
Infantry, to acquire and maintain an adequate and reasonable degree of efficiency." 

76 




SERGEANTS OK THE 3RD (MONTREAL) FIELD BATTERY 

7 



1 SERGEANT MAJOR R. J. KI.NDAI. 

2 HOSPITAL SERGEANT WALLACE DA\VSON 

3 QUARTERMASTER SERGEANT H. T. HOLDHKOOKK 

4 SERGEANT W. J. PORTEOTS 

5 SKRGKAXT THOMAS C. JOHVSTON- 

o SEKGI:ANI- \\";I.I.IAM J. WILKINSON 



ORDERLY ROOM CLERK THOMAS V. BELL 



SERGEANT WM. Axors PATON 

SKKGI.ANT C,. H. A. STKYKNSON 

9 ARMOURY SEKGEAXT WM. HICC.INS 

10 SERGKAN-T JAMKS C. PKTTIC,RE\Y 

11 COLLAR-MAKER SERGEANT JOHN THOMAS 

12 FARRIER SERGEANT JAMES BACON 



The gallant Colonel closes his remarks on the subject with the following trite 
observation : 

"The power and value of Field Artillery is so well known, and the moral 
effect produced by it, during operations in the field, so great, that the maintenance 
of these Batteries in a state of efficiency at all times, is a matter of the greatest 
importance." 

The same officer in his report the following year dwelt upon the difficulty 
experienced at this time in procuring horses. He remarked : 

" This battery was practised in gun drill and field manoeuvres. The In 
spector of Artillery reported their gun drill as very good, the driving as indifferent. 
With regard to this battery, which is commanded by a zealoiis and energetic 
officer, and composed of an intelligent and fine body of men, the ever recurring 
difficulty it experiences in procuring horses whenever required, practically seems 
to render it non-effective." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Fletcher, C. M. G. had the following to say about the 
Battery in his annual report for 1880: 

" The Montreal Field Battery, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Stevenson went into camp for ten days on the Exhibition grounds near Montreal. 
The Battery mustered in full strength. The camp was well laid out. The drill 
and camp duties were efficiently carried out, as they have always been under 
Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson. The Battery was inspected on the aist of August 
by Lieutenant-Colonel Irwin, Inspector of Artillery, and the Brigade Major, in 
presence of the Major-General Commanding. 

" A detachment of the Battery went subsequently to the Island of Orleans for 
gun practice and I have heard that good practice was made this year." 

In 1886 the Battery was inspected by Lieutenant-Colonel Montizambert, 
Assistant Inspector of Artillery, and his official report was as follows : 

" Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson commanding. Inspected on St. Helen s 
Island, on 3Oth August. The turn-out of the Battery could hardly be much better. 
Fine men, clean and smart, with well fitted clothing and all booted. They had 
their guns, equipment, carriages, harness, etc., in the most perfect order. Field 
manoeuvres good. Gun drill very good. Gzowski competition very fast and well 
done. The camp arrangements of this Batter}/ were excellent. Gun practice was 
performed at the Island of Orleans, Quebec." 

In 1887 the Battery was inspected by Major Short, B Battery, R. C. A., Acting 
Assistant Inspector, who reported as follows: 

" Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson commanding. I inspected this fine Battery 
on St. Helen s Island on the 28th of June and found it, as usual, in an excellent 
state of efficiency. The horses, guns, harness, clothing and equipment in the most 
perfect order. The field manoeuvres, marching past, gun drill, answers to 
questions and Gzowski shift, excellent. In fact the whole turn-out reflects the 
greatest credit on all concerned. The gun practice was performed at Quebec." 

78 



In 1888 Lieutenant-Colonel Montizambert was again the inspecting officer, 
and he had the following report to make : 

" Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson commanding. Inspected on St. Helen s 
Island on the 4th July. Found no falling off from its usual marked efficiency. 
Horses good, but rather too heavy a class. Guns, carriages, harness, clothing and 
equipment in first rate order. Marching past, field manoeuvres, gun drill, answers 
to questions and Gzowski competition all good and very creditable to all ranks. 
Their gun practice was performed at the Island of Orleans, near Quebec, under my 
superintendence on the loth September, when the high score of 394 was made." 

Lieutenant-Colonel Irwin was the inspecting officer in 1890 and he reported 
as follows : 

" This Battery performed its annual drill in camp on St. Helen s Island and 
was inspected by the Deputy Adjutant General and myself on the 13:!! August. 
The general state of efficiency was, as usual, very creditable to all concerned. 
The range-finding practice was subsequently performed at a range near Lachine, 
the Battery turning out voluntarily for the purpose. Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson 
informs me the range is a good and safe one, so that it will be possible to go 
through a similar practice next year during the annual drill. 

In his annual report in 1891, Major-General Herbert, then commanding the 
Militia force, made his famous comparison of the different branches of the service 
which was so flattering to the artillery force. The General said in part : 

" The relative degree of efficiency of the three arms in the Active Militia is as 
follows : Artillery, i ; Cavalry, 2 ; Infantry, 3. 

" The superiority of the Artillery, and the marked inferiority of the Infantry, 
are traceable to the same cause, viz : the manner in which the duty of inspection 
is carried out. In the Artillery, the system instituted by General Strange, when 
Inspector of Artillery, and still efficiently carried out, makes the inspection at 
once a test of efficiency, a means of instruction and a source of emulation. The 
inspection of the other arms has degenerated into a mere parade or review, which 
is productive of no good result at all, but, on the contrary, frequently directs the 
efforts of commanding officers into a wrong channel. The encouragement of a 
spirit of emulation in real efficiency, and not in mere show, is most desirable." 

As a matter of fact, the Battery has never undergone a poor inspection, and 
has never been criticised as inefficient by an inspecting officer. On the contrary 
every commanding officer the Canadian Militia has ever had, as well as the regular 
staff inspecting officers have bestowed unstinted praise upon officers and men for 
their efficiency and soldierly conduct. 

It is doubtful if any other battery of field artillery in the armed forces of Her 
Majesty could make a similar claim. 

It must be remembered too, that few field batteries in the Royal Artillery can 
claim such a long continuous career as the Montreal Field Batter}-. From 1819 to 
1846 there was no field artillery in Britain equipped, except seven troops of Royal 

79 



Horse Artillery, and these had only two guns each, with horses and men in 
proportion. The only field batteries in the whole service kept equipped were in 
Canada. At Woolwich there was material and horses for three field batteries of 
instruction ; companies took them over in turn for a few months for drill, when 
they were handed over to other companies. It was not until 1852, three years 
only before the organization of the Montreal Battery, that an impetus was given 
to field artillery in the British Army by the horsing of 104 guns and their 
organizations into permanent batteries. 

In view of the then so recent establishment on a permanent basis of this 
branch of the service, the acknowledged efficiency of the Battery in the first years 
of its existence is all the more remarkable and creditable. 

The Battery, under command of Major Costigan, took part in the big review 
held on Logans Park on Jubilee Day, 1897. The Battery was at the time encamped 
on St. Helen s Island. They were embarking on the steamer when an overturned 
boat was noticed drifting down the swift current, some distance out from shore, 
with several men clinging to the bottom. A terrific wind storm was raging, and 
the surface of the St. Lawrence was very rough. There was a small boat near the 
wharf, but the spectators on the Island appeared afraid to put out in it. With the 
men of the Battery it was different. Sergeant-Major Kendal and Trumpeter 
Bishop jumped into the boat and put out for the drowning men. It was hard work 
to force the skiff against the sea, and the frail craft was almost swamped. But they 
succeeded, and, with great risk to their overladen boat, brought those who had been 
in the water to land. The rescue was a gallant one, and largely through the 
representations and efforts of Lieutenant-Colonel Stevenson, the act was acknow 
ledged by the Royal Humane Society of Canada, which bestowed medals upon 
Kendal and Bishop. 

The present officers and men of the Battery certainly have every reason to be 
proud of the past record of their corps from its very earliest existence ; and in the 
official commendations which have been elicited by its efficiency, no less than in 
the honourable traditions which have been handed down by successive officers, 
non-commissioned officers and men, in the natural loyalty of Her Majesty s 
Canadian subjects, and in their determination to keep the Union Jack flying 
for all time over this broad Dominion, they draw an inspiration which should 
result in keeping their splendid corps for all time true to its good old motto 
" Always on Hand ". 




LIST OF OFFICERS 



THOSE WHO HAVE SERVED IN THE MONTREAL FIELD BATTERY, 

AND THE DATES OF THE OFFICIAL GAZETTES 

CONCERNING THEM. 




Wni. Francis Coffin, Capt. Sept. 27 1855. Was a 
Major in Montreal Light Infantry, Feb. 
26 1847 In command Artillery forces of 
Montreal. Transferred to staff of Upper Ca 
nada Militia Dec. n 1856. 

Henry Hogan, 2nd Lieut. Sept. 22 1855, 1st Lieut. 
Nov. 14 1855, Capt. July 3 1856. Brevet Major 
March 31 1858, Lieut.-Col. April 10 1863. 
From Royal Montreal Cavalry. Appointed 
Commander of Field Artillery and Foot 
Artillery of Montreal, Dec. II 1856. Retired 
with rank Aug. 10 1866. 

Henry Bulmer, 2nd Lieut. Nov. 14 1855, 1st Lieut. 
Feb. 15 1856, Capt. July 3 1856. Removed to 
Vol. Foot Artillery Dec. II 1856. Placed 
on unattached list April 2 1857. 

J. Owen, ist Lieut. Sept. 27 1855. Resigned Dec. 
15 1856. 

A. Lamontagne, ist Lieut. Sept. 27 1855. Resigned 
Nov. 14 1855. 

A. A. Stevenson, 2nd Lieut. July 3 1856, ist Lieut. 
Dec. 15 1856, Captain April 2 1857, Major, 
Jan. 22 1862. Lieut.-Col., March 15 1867. 
Retired retaining rank April 24 1891. 

Wm. Masterman, ist Lieut., Dec. II 1856. Retired 
with rank, March 31 1858 

Wm. Robb, Lieut. Dec. n 1856. Resigned July 
9 1858. 

Wm. Aylmer, 2nd Lieut. April 2 1857, ist Lieut. 
March 31 1858. Placed on unattached list 
Aug. 8 1860. 

Win. McGibbon, 2nd Lieut. March 31 1858, ist 
Lieut. July 9 1858, Major April 23 1867, Lieut.- 
Col. April 23 1872. Retired with Rank, 
July 28 1882. 

Jos Bowden, 2nd Lieut. July 9 1858. ist Lieut. 
Aug. 8 1860. Resigned Oct. 31 1867. 

T. W. Boyd, 2nd Lieut. Aug. 8 1860, ist Lieut. 
Feb. i 1867. Retired with rank July 6 1877. 

Geo. E. Femvick, Surgeon Nov. 14 1855. Surgeon- 
Major Aug. 22 1879. Deceased. 



Henry Chapman, Paymaster Jan. 31 1862. Hailed 
to re-enroll. 

Duncan McEachran, Veterinary Surgeon, June 22 
1877. Resigned Aug. 27 1886. 

W. R. Oswald, ist Lieut. June 22 1877. Brev. 
Capt March 21 1878. Brev. Major June 3 
1881. Appointed Lieut.-Col. Montreal Gar 
rison Artillery June 24 1881. 

E. G. Green, 2nd Lieut. June 22 1877. ist Lieut. 

Aug. 5 1881, Capt. Aug. 13 1883. From 
Toronto Field Battery. Deceased. 

J. S. Hall, 2nd Lieut. Aug. 5 1881. ist Lieut. May 
29 1885. Capt. Aug. 27 1886. Major April 
24 1891. Retired retaining rank Feb. 9 1895. 

George R. Hooper, 2nd Lieut. May 29 1885. 1st 
Lieut. Aug. 27 1886. Capt. April 24 1891. 
Major Feb. 9 1895. Transferred to Artillery 
Reserve of Officers Feb. 27 1897. 

Chas. McEachran, Vet. Surgeon, Aug. 27 1886. 
H. H. Hogan, 2nd Lieut. April 6 1888. Left limits 
July 31 1890. 

R. Costigan, 2nd Lieut. July 31 1890. ist Lieut. 
April 24 1891. Capt. Feb. 9 1895. Major 
Feb. 27 1897. 

J. A. Benyon, 2nd Lieut. June 26 1891. Transferred 
to B Battery, R. C. A. Oct. 13 1893. 

C. W. Wilson, Surgeon Major, March 9 1895. 

F. B. Wilson, ist Lieut. May i6th 1896. Trans 

ferred A. R. of O. Oct. 20 1896. 

Donald A. Smith, 2nd Lieut. May 16 1896, ist Lieut. 
Feb. 5 1897. Capt. May 16 1898. 

A. T. Ogilvie, 2nd Lieut. Dec 23 1896. Capt. Feb. 
27 1897. From 3rd Victoria Rifles. Trans 
ferred to R. C. A. 

F. A. Crathern, 2nd Lieut. May 28 1897, ist Lieut. 
Sept. 27 1898. 

E- T. Bartlett, 2nd Lieut. May 16 1898 Left limits 
July 15 1898. 

George W. Stephens, Jr. 2nd Lieut. May 16 1898. 
ist Lieut. Sept. 27 1898. 



81 



ROLL OF HONOUR. 



THE FOLLOWING ARE THOSE WHO, BY THEIR GENEROUS SUBSCRIPTIONS TO OUR 

HISTORY FUND, HAVE SHOWN THEIR APPRECIATION OF THE 

MONTREAL FIELD BATTERY. 







Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal 
Bank of Montreal 
Merchants Bank of Canada 
W. W. Ogilvie 
Hamilton Powder Co. 
Warden King & Son 
1 hos. Robertson & Co. 
Consumers Cordage Co. 
Colin McArthur & Co. 
The Bell Telephone Co. 
D. Morrice, Sons & Co. 
Wm. Dow & Co. 
Hon. L. J. Eorget 
Hir.nn Walker & Sons, Limited 

L. Limited 
|?. Reid 

I. McDonald 

. he-Mojson s Bank 

Royal Llectric Co. 

(The Cjpiadian Bank of Commerce 
M)uebec Bank 
.h;i Banque Ville-Marie 
Standard Life Assurance Co. 
Raymond Prefontaine 
!!. & A. Allan 
J. & T. Bell 

The Bank of Xova Scotia 
The St. Lawrence Sugar Ref. Co. 
B. Hal Brown 
R. S. White 
R. B. Angus 
I )awes & Co. 

The Watson- Foster Co, Ltd. 
Shaw, Cassils & Co. 
John Murphy & ->. 
Geoffrion, Dorion & Allan 
Simpson, Hall, Miller & Co. 
H. R. Ives & Co. 
II. S. Holt 
Aquin & Itzweire 
Dominion Wadding Co. 
Hon. L. R. Masson 
H. Shorey & Co. 
Jacques Brais & Co. 
Radnor Water ( o. 
The R. Reford Co. 
Dominion Cotton Mills Co. 
Clarence J. McCu.iig 
American Tobacco Co. of Canada 
Capt. Alex. Robertson 
Lvans .S: Sons 
S. 1 1. Fwing 



J. A. C. Madore, M. P. 

R. Wilson-Smith 

Robert Archer cc Co. 

Montreal City & District Savings Bank 

Hanson Bros. 

S. Carsley 

Corticelli Silk Co. 

D. D. Mann 
Win. Kearney 
William Mann 
Canadian Express Co. 

H. Stanley Birkett, M. D. 

The Thos. Davidson M f g. Co., Ltd. 

The Robert Mitchell Co., Ltd. 

Corbeil & Lev-elite 

T. G. Roddick, M. D., M. P. 

Felix Sauvageau 

McCaskill, Dougall & Co. 

Silverman, Boulter & Co. 

W. G. Reid 

The Montreal Rolling Mills Co. 

Eugene F. Phillips Electrical Works 

Amiot, Lecours & Lariviere 

J. Rattray & Co. 

Walter C. Hagar 

Diamond Glass Co. Ltd. 

|ohn Labatt 

A. F. Gault 

F". Tremblay 

Peter Lyall 

S. Davis & Sons 

Belding, Paul & Co. 

The \\ extern Loan & Trust Co. 

W. C. Mclntyre 

< i. A. Green 

H. Hurtubise 

Elder, Dempster & Co. 

The Ames-Hotden Co. 

The Investment Co. 

Chard, Jackson & Co. 

E. ( toff Penny, M. P. 
Morton, Phillips & Co. 
A. Kingman 

The J. C. McLaren Belting Co. 

F. Leonard 0%: Sons 
II . J. Beemer 

J- J". Ulley & Son 

I. G. Mackenzie & Co. 

< ;anh & ( o. 

The Edward Cavanagh Co. 

John A Bulmer & Co. 

W. Strachan 

IK. I aquette 

John Hope & < <>. 

82 



Canadian Abestos Co. 

The Canada Eng. & Litho Co. 

loseph Decarie Eils 

[ohn Lee & Son 

The Fairbanks Co. 

W. 1 lerbert Evans 

Robert Mackay 

E. A. Small & Co. 
A. A. Ayer & Co. 
John McDougall & Co. 
Laporte, Martin 81 Co. 

The Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada 

Cyrille Laurin 

Dominion Wire Mfg. Co. 

Furness, Withey & Co. 

[eyes Sanitary Compounds Co. of Can. 

Ogdensburg Coal and Towing Co. 

T. & R McLea 

The Trust and Loan Co. of Canada 

Pilkington Bros. Ltd. 

Graham & Co. 

R. [. Tooke 

W. "O Brien 

Hugh McLennan 

The Granby Rubber Co. 

Linotype Co. 

H. B. Muir & Co. 

The Abbey Effervescent Salt Co. Ltd. 

Win. Rutherford 

lames Johnston 

G. N. Ducharme 

Jas. Robinson 

Capt. W. H. Benyon 

The Standard Shirt Co. Ltd. 

The Sanden Electric Co. 

Bartlett Frazier of Ont. Co. Ltd. 

Chas. Sheppard 

Henry Bulmer 

W. H. D. Young 

Faucher & Eils 

F. D. Monk, Q. C. 

The Montreal Warehousing Co. 

|. R. Thibaudeau 

The Wiuhtman Spoiling Goods Co. 

Joseph Riendeau 

Nap. Charbonneau 

tames Williamson 

Owen N. Evans 

W. J. White, O.C. 

R. S Murchison 

W. I lerbert Burroughs 

J. B. Resther 

M. Perranlt 

( iagnon & Caron 



H. Chas. Nelson 
Antoine Robert 
Macmaster & Maclennan 
Beaudin, Cardinal. Loranger & 

Germain 
Win. Ewing 
W. W. Robertson 
John T. Bethune 
Marcotte Bros. 
Meredith B. Bethune 
Renaud, King & Patterson 

B. E. McGale 
Dominion Bag Co. 
Valmard Lamarche . , 
Marin & Morin 

Jos. Yenne 
L. (). Grothe 

D. McCormick 
W. Dangerfield 
Henry Birks & Sons 
Chas. Gurd & Co. 
lames Harper 

L. Cohen & Son 
James Cochrane 
lames Hutton & Co. 
M. Honan 
R. B. Hutchison 
Charles Charland 
J. M. Beausoleil 
G. Marsolais 
Chas. A. Barnard 

C. Beausoleil 
Arthur Gagnon 
Geo. W. Sadler 
C. Theoret 
John McDougall 
J. D. Couture 

Major T. P. A. Des Trois-Maisons 

H. B. Ames 

H. B. Rainville 

The Wilson Co y 

Tas. Eveleigh & Co. 

lames Robertson 

F. F. Parkins 

A. Turcotte 

Fitzgibbon, Schafheitlin & Co. 

William McLellan 

P E. Leblanc 

E. Barnard 
Frank I. Hart 
J. W. Pyke 
E. S. Major 

A. A. Thibaudeau 
lean de Sieyes 
Munderloh & Co. 
Fred R. Alley 
Jas. Hutchison 
j. Cradock Simpson 
Chas. Meridith 
lean Tache & Co. 
"W. J. Turpin & Co. 
J. R. Meeker 
Howard & Co. 
Win. Mackinzie 
Win. Weir ..K: Sons 
Burnett & Co. 
las. F. Burnett 
C. K. Hosmer 
R. Hickerdike 
1. G. Grant 
Jas. Perrigo, M. D. 
Dork en Bros. 
I. L. Leo 



Louis Beaubien 

Andrew Baile 

Robert Craik, M. D. 

Francis W. Campbell, M. D. 

H. Joseph 

H. H. Wolfe & Co. 

A. Desjardins 

Michel Lefebvre & Co. 

Frs. Martineau 

T. E. Robidoux 

I. Palmer & Son 

E. P. Lachapelle, M. D. 
A. B. Cross 

F. Buller, M. D. 
Frederick G. Finley, M. D. 
Fdmond Gohier 

Jos. Brunei 

Maj. R. J. Evans 

lames Law 

lames Stewart. M. I >. 

A. D. Hlackader. M. T). 

C. F. Gildersleeve 

Colin Campbell 

II. A. Ekers 
Henry H. Lyman 
I). W. Ross 

A. S. Ewing 

Stonewall Jackson Cigar Factory 

McClaryMfg. Co. 

J. D. Mantha, jr. 

R. Hemsley 

Major Zeph. Hebert 

II. & S. H. Thompson & Co. 

Thomas Ligget 

Judson Anir- 

J. I!. Rolland & Fils 

Chas. Cassils 

C. O. Beauchemin & Fils 

1 1 . Yineberg & Co. 

Patrick Kenny 

Frank Panze 

R. C. Jamieson 

A. T. Higginson 

Alex. McF ee 

Henri Jonas & Co. 

Garand, Terroux & Co. 

Chas. P. Cousins 

Maj. Walter H. Laurie 

The Canadian Brewing Co. 

Wm. F rancis 

Hon. J. O. Villeneuve 

Jas. A. Harte 

Jas. Moore 

David Campbell & Son 

Wm. Meldrum 

W. W. Craig 

L. H. Hebert 

A. G. McBean & Co. 

las. Currie 

A. I .eullac 

las. Wilson 

NY. K. Muir 

John Carruthers & <>. 

C. W. Wilson, M. D. 

C. D. Mc.nl 

Edouard Roy 

J L. Palmef 

1 1 Mullin 

Henry S. Mussen 

H. P. Labelle & Cie 

A. Corbel 1 

E. F". Craig 

Cadieux & Derome 



/ 



Ily. Archibald 

( ). Dufresne, jr. & Frere 

Thomas Davidson 

A. G. Thompson 

Lionel J. Smith 

S. \V. Boyd 

C. S. Campbell 

Major \Y. W. Blaiklock 
H. Fauteux 

A. T. Paterson 

D. K. McLaren 
Walter Drake 
George R. Prowse 
lames M. Aird 
George W. Reed & Co. 
W. I . McLaurin 
Montreal Lumber Co. 
II. II. lirosseau & Co. 

( iilmour, Schoefield & Co. 

Chaput, Fils & Co. 

Esmond I.. Clarke 

Alex. Scott 

Geo. \V. Lamb 

T. 1!. Brown 

Geo. S. Kimber 

R. X. Tombyll 

The Gilbert Blasting and Dredging Co. 

Hon. [as. O Brien 

K. X. lleney & Co. 

J. \Vilson 

Jos. Bonhomme 

B. Ethier 

R. Chartrand 
K. Boissevain 

C. O. Clark 

W. D. McLaren 
\V. R. Miller 
A. Joyce 
T. Henry Smith 
J. R. Walker 
Gaspard Deserres 
Hon. J. Aid. Ouimet 
T. A. Trenholme 
Hon. |. K. Ward 

D. A. McPherson 
A. J. Brice 

P>. 1 ansey 

William Xivin 

Hodgson Bros. 

J. C. & G. D. Warrington 

R. W. Sheppard 

P. W. Mcl.agan 

Alex. W. Grant 

I :. ( . Mount & Co. 

A. D. McGillis & Co. 

^ . \\ . LeMessarier 

Carter, Galbrailh & Co. 

Fred. Fowler 

las. Sutherland 

1. 1. -Col. J. Ferrier 

I). Hatton 

A. Patenaude & Cie. 

Yost & Co. 

Brophy, Cains & Co. 

Martin Freres S: Co. 

lohn A. Pillow 

R. G. Hood 

Peter Reid & Sons 

Alfred C. H. Frcemcke 

Law, Young & Co 

T. F. Riepert 

NY. C. F. Lyman 

Tas. Alexander 



ff 






|. R. Dougall 

Letendre & Arsenault 

I lolmes & Arpin 

Albert Holmes 

Leclaire & I5runeau 

T. Simpson 

G. G. Foster 

A. T. Wiley & Co. 

John Millen & Son 

\V. B. Gilford 

las. A. Ogilvy & Sons 

Geo. P. Wait & Co. 

Lt.-Col. H. J. Miller 

lames Strachan 

F. W. Radford 

Taylor, Telfer & Co. 

E. N. Cusson & Co. 

Jos, Bonhomme 

C. A. Cantin 

Gibb & Co. 

I.. I. A. Surveyer 

T. Berthiaume 

W. Graham 

J. C Everett 

N. Connelly 

Theo. Lanctot 

Arthur Dansereau 

Higgins & Holland 

Joseph Pont 

[ames Thorn 

Tees & Co. 

Reliance Cigar Factory 

S. L. Richard 

Victor Lemay 

Albert I). Nelson 



Hanbury A. Budden 

Geo. A. Sirnard 

K. Giroux 

I. Darley 

N. H. Thibault 

W. J. Potts 

T. F. Morgan 

Lucien Bernier 

Lt.-Col. Frank Caverhill 

P. McKenzie 

British American Dyeing Co. 

Villeneuve & Cie. 

J. W. Bishop & Co. 

William Robb 

Geo. O Neill 

Henri Dubois 

Wm. Masterman 

Wm. Wiseman 

A. Ramsay 

J. O. Gravel 

A. S. & W. H. Masterman 

R. Macfarlane 

T. W. Peel 

J. W. Hughes 

Selkirk Cross Q. C. 

Wm. McNally 

Gordon A. Melville 

E. A. Gerth 

Hon. J. Wurtele 

f. Benjamin Dagenais 

E Lemire 

Major J. L. Hittinger 

Chas. Lavallee 

J. A. Desjardins & Co. 

Geo. Barratt 



Laurent ian Baths 
John Sharp 
P. Elliott 
G. Fauteux 

F. A Chagnon 

G. Armstrong & Co. 
Rev. James Barclay 
John Robertson & Son 
Rev. C. Chiniquy 

I. Marien 

J. < ). Labrecque & Cie 

C. . Salaberry 

Walter Paul 

F. L. Heique O. C. 

k. T. Rnttaii, M. D. 

J. W. Stirling, M. D. 

Arthur A. Brown, M. D. 

J. Alex. Hutchison, M. I). 

Wm. Gardner, M. I). 

P. A. Milloy 

Robert Irwin 

Geo. C. Nicholson 

Geo. W. Gardner 

Henry C. Scott 

X. Tetrault, jr. 

W. E. Decks, M. D. 

J. McGregor Mowat 

F. Ricketts 

E. Gauthier 

C. Robillard & Co. 

Capt. John Lawrence. 

N. Sorrenskey 

Morris Michaels 

H. E. Korden 



She Cup that Cheers 



is not always 



Cup that Strengthens 




BUT WITH 
A CUP OF 



\ 



\ 



ITAKEATEASPOO 
TAiROFBOiuNt 




FLU I BEEF 

. BRAND 

BOVRIL 



BOVRILUMITED 



.IT ... 



IS SO. 



BOVRIL 




NOT ONLY STIMULATES THE MENTAL AND 
BODILY ACTIVITY, BUT SUSTAINS AND 
NOURISHES THE SYSTEM. 



For sale by all 
Druggists 
and Grocers. 



BOVRIL, Limited 



27 ST. PETER STREET, 



MONTREAL. 





tj 

> 

i 



GO 


o 

c/0 

08 



Pi 

2 



- 

-S3 

Q 



ni 
O 

-4-J 

c 

2 
o 

H 



5* 

O 





u 

vG 

H 



II 



IF 



Ck 



"tommy fltkins" Cigar 









<e? 




THE BEST THAT FIFTY 
YEARS EXPERIENCE 
CAN PRODUCE. 





Made and 
Guaranteed 



S. DAVIS & SONS, 



Largest Cigar manufacturers 
in Canada. 



r D 




^J 



in 



TairbanKs Company 



749 CRAIG STREET, 

... MONTREAL. 




HEADQUARTERS FOR . . . 



F 

A 

I 

R 

B 

A 

N 

K 

S 



STANDARD SCALES 



ASBESTOS DISK VALVES . 
ASBESTOS PACKED COCKS 
TRUCKS AND HAND CARS 
PORTABLE FORGES 



FACTORY AND MILL SUPPLIES 
SCALE REPAIRING . 



All Scales made in conformity 
with CANADIAN REQUIREMENTS 
and shipped inspected 

Fairbanks Standard Scales. 



the Sun 



Lire ylssurance Uombanu 

of Canada. 

Head Off ice, MONTREAL. 

R. MACAULAY, President: HON. A. W. OGILVIE, 

Vice-President : T. B. MACAULAY, F.I. A., 

Secretary and Actuary. 

AGENCY DEPARTMENT; 
JAMES C. TORY. Superintendent. 
J. MACDONALD OXLEY, 1 Managers 
O. LEGER - - J Montreal District. 



| HE SUN OF CANADA issues a very attract 
ive policy contract, free from conditions 
and restrictions as to military service. The 
policy is indisputable from date of issue and 
nonforfeitable after it has been two years 
in force 



The OFFICERS and MEN of THE CANADIAN MILITIA are respectfully 
requested to read the following testimonial regarding 



From R. & H. B. KIRKWOOD, 

Jewellers and Silversmiths, Tradesmen by Appointment to the 
Royal Highlanders, The Duke of Albany s Seaforth High 
landers, The Queen s Own Cameron Highlanders, The Gordon 
Highlanders. 

66 & 68 Thistle Street, Edinburgh, N.B. 
Gentlemen, 18th SMarch, 1898. 

BOND S SOAP -BIG BEE BRAND. 



We have tried this soap on numerous articles, both silver 
and brass, in most cases 1>ery heavily tarnished, and vje 
found the effect highly satisfactory and the tarnish, holfe ber 
bad, immediately removed. 

We consider this soap a most Valuable medium for clean 
ing and polishing articles such as le have experimented upon, 
military accoutrements, etc., etc. 



To Messrs. Bond s Soap Co., Ltd. 
Salford, Manchester. 



R. & H. B. KIRKWOOD. 



BOND S 
SOAP 



For Sale by the 

RETAIL 

TRADE 

Everywhere. 



IV 



HAMILTON - 
POWDER 
COMPANY 



MANUFACTURERS 
OF . 



INCORP- 
ORATED 
1861. 




DYNAMITE 
DUALIN 



AND OTHER FORMS OF... 




HIGH EXPLOSIVES 



AND OF- 



SPORTING, 

MILITARY 

BLASTING 



GUNPOWDER 



OF 

ALL 
KINDS. 



THE ARTILLERISTS AND SPORTSMEN 
OF THE DOMINION, WHO HAVE USED 
THE HAMILTON POWDER FOR SO 

M ^XY YEARS NEEDNORECOMMEND- 

ATION OF ITS QUALITY. 



HPPIPF MONTRFAI 
\J I 1^>L, 

-.ucir-cc \\ir-i M \ r~ \71MCQ 

BRANCH OHF1CES AND MAGAZINES 
AT PRINCIPAL CANADIAN POINTS. 




Colin JtfcjtfrtJiur $ Co. 




Sltontreal 

"Wall gaper 

factory 



4 

4 



f 




/030 Vo^re flame S?., 
MONTREAL 



Consumers Cordage Company, 



MONTREAL. 



Manufacturers of 




Rope and Binder twine 



Made only from pure and strongest fibres by expert and experienced operatives. 

Every Coil and Ball Warranted. 



HAY, HIDE and 
BALING ROPE, 
CHEESE and 

PAPER CORD, 



LATH and 

SHINGLE YARN, 
HEMP and 

JUTE PACKING, 



PLOUGH LINES, 

CLOTHES LINES, 

WRAPPING TWINES. 



* * * tarred Kidding of all Hinds. * * * 

"F1RMUS" Transmission Rope of finest selected Manila. Binder Twine that runs the harvester all day without a stop. 

VI 



FOR. 
UP-TO-DATE . . . 



s 



TEL., MAIN 554. 



furnishings 




GIVE US 



A CALL. G 



.D 





R A I S 263 ST JAMES ST. 



J 



Che Robcrval 



Mecca of flnglers $ tourists 



Bv the northern Inland Sea. 






IS Magnificent and Modern Hostelry stands on the very shore 
of Lake St. John, the great inland sea north of Quebec, and is 
equipped with all up-to-date improvements and conveniences. It 
is the headquarters of anglers in the waters where swims the peer 
less ouananiche, and controls the best fishing grounds in this region for this 
great game fish as well as for trout, pike, whitefish, etc. All of these 
waters are thrown open FREE to guests of the Hotel, where guides and 
equipment are furnished. 

Cbc Island Rouse 

Is run in connection with Che ROberoal and is situated at the Grand Dis 
charge. The salubrious climate and other advantages of Lake St. John 
make Che RObefval a favorite health and summer resort. CHARGES 
REASONABLE. 

For further information in reference to THE ROBERVAL or ISLAND Hoi SE. 
apply to ii. (;. KIJK.WliK. A/nng-or, 

Before June 1st. Quebec. "The Koberval." Roberval, P.Q. After June Nt . 




VII 



Standard 

<ife Assurance 
Company 



KataltUshetl 



Total Assets, $43. 000, 000 

Assurance in force, 117,000,000 
Investments inCanada, 14,000,000 



5pecial rates to Military and Naval Officers, covering 
whole world residences and War risks. 

Endowment, Limited Payment, All Life and Family 
.... Trust Policies .... 



HEAD OFFICE FOR CANADA: 
157 St. James St., MONTREAL. 



W. M. RAMSAY, 

MANAGER 



J. MUTTON BALFOUR, 

SECRETARY 

E, H. BROWN, INSP. ENGLISH DEPT, 
E CHAMPAGNE, INSP. FRENCH DEPT 



Che * * 



Investment 
Company 




HON. A. W. OGILVIE, 



W. L. HOGG, 



Capital : 



p. o. BOX 557 

TELEPHONE 

MAIN 782 




47 St. Francois Xatier Street, 
MONTREAL. 



Condon and Lancashire 
Cifc * 

. . . 1897 . . . 
Invested Funds Interest Overdue Only 

$6,280,000 $2,005 

A Record Without a Parallel. 



THE first consideration of every Insurer OUGHT to be the 
solidity of the Institution to which he intrusts the duty 
of providing: for his old age or for his dear ones in case of 
early death. 

The facts quoted above eloquently attest the care with 
which the funds of the Company are invested. 



Che Rt. Ron. Cord Stratbcona and mount Royal 



B. HAL. BROWN, Gen. Man. 
J. L. KERR, Asst. Man. 



cA. STEVENS ^BROWN, Ontario Inspector, Gait. 



Edwin Hanson. 



William Hanson. 



Hanson 5$ros. 

Investment and 
Bond Brokers. 



TJIRST-CLASS securities suitable for 
Insurance Companies, Banks, Trus 
tees and Private Investment bought and 
sold. 



Canada Life Building, 

MONTREAL. 



VIII 



Fit, 

Style 

Service 



Are the prominent features 
of our . . . 



Tine 



footwear 



The Ames Holden Co. 

Of Montreal, Limited 



Warehouses at 

St. John, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, 
Vancouver and Victoria. 



YOfel KN0W 



Q ran by 
Rubbers 




ARE THE BEST oe 



THE 





. . . TRY US FOR . . . 



Electric 




. . . SUPPLY . . . 



Electric Current for . 
Power, Light, Heat, 

every HOUR. 

of every D A V 

in the YEAR 



furniture, 

Shedding and 
^Upholstery 

Work. 

Renaud, K.i n g & Patterson 

652 CRAIG STREET 



P.S. We furnish 

CHAIRS AND TABLES 



for entertainments. 




IX 




> Drink . . 



RADNOR 



EMPRESS 



TABLE 
WATERS 




. . . mixes with anything 



Sou at all- 



Leading Clubs, Restaurants, Grocers, 



CHILDREN "LOVE" 
JUNKET 

A fact appreciated by mothers who recognize in it the 
ideal nourisher as well as tempter. 

Of all light family foods none is prepared in less time, 
with less heat, with less trouble or at less cost than Jun 
ket, made with 




HANSEN S JUNKET TABLETS 



A quart of milk, a little fruit juice or flavoring, colored, 
if preferred, with one of Hansen s Pure food Colors, and 
just one Junket Tablet form the ingredients. 

Sold by Grocers and Druggists in packets of 10 tabletsat isc. 

Booklet of recipes accompanies. . 

EVANS & SONS, Limited, - Montreal and Toronto. 



ROBERT MITCHELL CO., 

(LIMITED) 
MANUFACTURERS 




5 on 




OF -.. 




BRASS 



\5 Pictoria Square, 



GOODS 



manufacturers 
Clients 



FOR PLUMBERS, 
GAS AND 
STEAM-FITTERS 



GAS AND ELECTRIC LIGHT 
FIXTURES, ETC. 




Dry 



(Boobs. 



x 



table pittings, peed 3oxes, H a J 



U) rough t 
a " d Cast Iron 
Stall 
Divisions. 



SB 



Brass pitching Rings. 

% 

Estimates given for 

Complete Fixtures 
for Stables. 




WARDEN KING & SON, 637 Craig St., Montreal. 



Best Wormanship 

AND 

Latest Designs 

... IN ... 
O-CKKXX> O<XXXX>OOOOO<XKX>OO-O<XXX> OOO-OO-O 

DESKS 



<XXXXX><>O<><K>OCKXXXX><><>OO<XXXX>OO<XXXX> 

TEES & CO. 



Furniture 



UNDERTAKERS AND 
EMBALMERS 



3OO SX. JAMBS 



jt. jt, jt, 



A.T.VlLEY&Go. 



IMPORTERS 




Tine China, 
Hrt Pottery, 
Cut Glass 



SPECIALTIES : 

, tub. Restaurant, 
. nboat, and Hospital 
plies 



WEDDING AND PRESENTATION GOODS 
2375 St. Catherine Street, 

MONTREAL. 



XI 



THOS. ROBERTSON & CO. 

LIMITED 

Plumbers 1 , Steamfitters and 

Boiler Makers Supplies . 



ROLL RIM CAST IRON ENAMELLED BATH 

> 

"THE DIANA" 




OFFICE AXI> SAMPI.ETROOM 



STORES AND LEAD PIPE FACTORY 



638, 640 ^ 642 Craig St. Cor. Common ^ Colborne Sts. 

Montreal. 



XII 



. . Established 1859 . . 



H. R. IVES&CCX 

MANUFACTURERS 
OF... 



Brass and Iron 



LETTER PRESSES, 

HARDWARE, 

IRON FENCING, STAIRS, 

ETC., ETC., ETC. 



Queen Street * Montreal. 





Silver plated knives, forks and 
spoons bearing this mark 




are warranted to be the best of 
silverplate and to last as long 
as silver plated ware can last. 

Simpson, Ran, millers Co., 

Ulallingford, Conn., U.S.H. 
and Montreal, Canada, 

whose trade mark it is for this 
class of goods, place their sur 
plus of over $500,000.00 behind 
this guarantee. 

It s worth the consideration 
of purchasers of plate. 

1794 nctrc Dame St. Montreal. 













Che < 

Standard Shirt Co. 

Limited 

Manufacturers of ... 

SHIRTS, 
COLLARS, 

ETC. 



MONTREAL. 



Bell Telephone 8426. 



Merchants Tel. 628 



F. TREMBLAY 




Planing and 
Saw mills 



Manufacturers of ... 





Doors, Sashes and Blinds, 
mouldings, etc., 

Turning;, Shaping and Joiners Work 

of every description. 




400 WILLIAM ST. 



MONTREAL. 






XIII 



5P 

fff Mil f : <?L 1 !H! ! ,f s 




Che Oxford 



Opposite Christ 
Church Cathe 
dral, and within 
a block of the 
leading jewellery and np-town dry goods stores. Close to the 
Academy of Music and the Queen * "Theatre, The best appointed 
restaurant in Canada. Can be reached by all Hues of the elec 
tric car service. 

Meals a la carte until midnight. Separate dining-rooms 
tor ladies. Table Wines a specialty. 

THE OXFORD CAFE, 36, 38 & 40 University Street, 



McCaskill, Dougall & Co. 



Manufacturers o/ 



Standard 




RAILWAY . . 
CARRIAGE . . 

PIANO . famishes 



Also 



ZANZERINE," 



House, School and 
Church Varnishes 



OFFICE : 



30 St. John Street 

Montreal. 

Factory and Warehouses : 

CORNER MANUFACTURERS, D ARGENSON 
and ST. PATRICK STREETS, Canal Bank. 



Amiot, Lecours 
& Lariviere 




Hardware 
Merchants 



Specially 

Contractors Supplies . . . 



St. Lawrence Street 
Montreal, Q 



! ue. 



Merchants, J83. 



Q 



Fire Bricks and Fire Clay 

English, Scotch and American. 

Boiler Seating Blocks 

Gas Retorts 

Sto^e Linings and Grate Backs 

Drain Pipes and Connections 

Farm Tiles 

Portland Cements 

English, Belgian, German, American 
and Canadian. 

Builders and Contractors Supplies 

F. HYDE & CO. 

OFFICE . . . 

31 WELLINGTON ST. 
Yards . ^MONTREAL. 

KING, QUEEN and 
WELLINGTON STREETS. 



XIV 




Jiattray & Co., 



A// 
and ^/Ova 



a, c 



j/.TD/iar/ci 



- J/t<eff, 



Merchants Telephone 

1531. 



Bell Telephone, 
East 1425. 





Manufacturers 
of... 

DOORS, 
SASHES, 

Etc. 



^V.B. Al<ways on hand a. large 
assortment of mouldings of all kinds. 



PAPINEAU ROAD 

13 and \5 Josephat Lane 



MONTREAL 



DIAMONDS 



\ A /E are in a position to give a spe 
cial value in Diamonds. Our 
stones are personally selected in Eu 
rope, bought for cash, mounted in our 
own factory, and sold at the lowest 
margin of profit. 

R. HEMSLEY 

255 ^ 257 St. James Street 
1915 Notre Dame Street 

MONTREAL 

Established 28 Years. 



The ALE 
and STOUT 






JOHN 
LABATT 



are undoubtedly 



LONDON, 



Che Best 




PURE, WHOLESOME, 
and SOUND BEVERAGES. 



Sold 
Everywhere. 




xv 



VATSSN S 




(JNDCC 



WHISKY 




popular all over 
the world. 



GIVE 
IT A 
TRIAL. 



ESTABLISHED 1856 

THE - 

J. C. McLaren Belting 



MANUFACTURERS 



"Extra t Oak-tanned Leather Belting, 
"Thistle" brand Rubber Belting, 
General Mill Supplies. 



FACTORY, MONTREAL 
292, 294 and 296 ST. JAMES STREET 

Toronto Office, 69 Bay Street. 



E. LEONARD & SONS 



International Registration 

ONLY $3.00 A YEAR. 




engines, Boilers, 
fieaters, 
Steam Pumps 



COMPLETE OUTFITS FOR ALL DUTIES. 

HIGHEST ECONOMY AND PERFECT REGULATION. 



CORNER 



Common and Jfazareth Streets, 

MONTREAL. 



The Annual Registration Fee includes the Premium to the 

Ocean Accident and Guarantee Corporation, 

LTD., 
OF LONDON, ENGLAND 

Capital - $1,000.000 



Special Accident and Disease Policy, 

under contract with this Company, for $1500 in case of death 
sustained by accident while riding in any conveyance or vehicle 
propelled by steam, electricity, cable or horse-power, and a 
weekly indemnity of $15. for not exceeding ten wteks, in case 
of disability from accidents sustained while riding as above, 
while cycling or suffering from typhoid, typhus, scarlet fever 
or small pox, as explained in policy. Under Plan "A," the 
annual fee of gi.op for registration includes the premium for a 
policy for $500.00 in case of death resulting from accident sus 
tained as above specified, and a weekly indemnity of 6. for 
not exceeding five weeks in case of disability from accidents 
or diseases mentioned above. Hy paying an extra annual 
premium of $2, you secure in addition to plan A " or " B " the 
benefits of being registered at the offices of this Company in 
London, Paris and other European cities, where we have offices 
or representatives. 

MANY OTHER BENEFITS. 

}~m particulars call on <- u/rite to 

HECTOR HURTUBISE. General Agent, 

204 ST. JAMES STREET, MONTREAL. 



XVI 



B. LEDOUX & CO. 




Carriage 



England s ^oyal Family and also for H. R. H. 
^Princess Louise and fits Excellency the Mar 
quis of Lome, Countess of Derby and 
Lord Earl of Derby, Governor 
General of Canada. 

on hand 

LATEST DESIGNS in 
CARRIAGES and SLEIGHS. 

J\ Call Solicited. 



93 Osborne St., Montreal. 



everything m me Stationery nine 



morton, Phillips & Co. 

Stationers, 

Blank Book UTakcrs 

ty printers, 

\755 anb \757 Hotre Dame Street, 
ZHontreal. 

Cable Codes, 
Commercial Books. 



C. 0. SSeauchemin & 31 Is 



Booksellers and Publishers, 
Printers and Bookbinders, 

256St.Pau.Strm, MoNTREAL . 



Publishers of the renowned . . . 

Larousse s Trench Uictionar 

WITH SUPPLEMENT OF ... 

Canadian Oeograpny and 
Diogragny. * * ^ 



J.J. ULLEY&SON 



564 Craig St, MONTREAL, Canada. 



Montreal 
ttlirc 




The best companion book of all who study, read or 
write the French language. 



Large 121110 volume, 1,200 pages, 5,000 articles devoted 
to Canada, numerous engravings, maps, etc. 



Price, 



Bound 75 cents. 



ESTABLISHED 183O 
BELL TEL. MAIN 2167 



Architectural and Ornamental Wrought Iron Fencing 
and Grilles, Store Front Guards, Elevator Guards, Interior 
and Exterior Folding Gates, Safe Deposit and Burglar- 
Proof Vault Guards, Office Railings, Bank Railings, Iron 
and Steel Gates, Railroad Guards, Hatchway Guards, 
Fencing and Drive-way Gates, Window and Fanlight 
Grilles, also all kinds of Animal and Bird Cages. 

AfaiutfactHrcrs , ^Irc/iitcds and Engiiiceis OICH 
designs carefully t .vccutcd in Hrass, Copper, Annealed 
Steel or Iron, ll ire, /!<irs or l\ods. 

Estimates and designs furnished for special II "ire 
Work for Churches, Public Halls, Offices, &c. 

We guarantee quality of material and workman 
ship to be unc.vcelled. 



XVII 



ESTABLISHED 1871 



The 



= Central dumber tyrd 

Corner Dorchester 
and St. Charles-Borrommee Streets. 



Mahogany, Quartered Oak, Quartered Sycamore, 

Walnut, Cherry, 
and all Hardwoods, Fancy Woods, Etc. 

Kiln-Dried maple flooring 

PINE, SPRUCE, HEMLOCK 
LATH and SHINGLES. J* 

DIMENSION TIMBER CUT TO ORDER. 

a s r 5cU of DRESSED LUMBER Of all kinds. 
All orders by mail promptly filled with special care. 




JOHN A. BULMER & CO, 

MONTREAL. 



STRACHAN S- 

Gilt dge 5oap 




GILT EDGE SOAP is a. household foord 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific. While it 
is recognized as the best Laundry Soap offered 
to the public, ive give av>ay premiums, hand 
somer and more useful than any other manufac 
turers in Canada. The next time you ivant a soap 
that foill give you satisfaction ask your grocer for 
one of our thirty-t wo page premium books. We 
give everything from a sheet of music to a high- 
grade piano by returning to us a certain number of 
soap Wrappers. Besides Pianos 1e give in pre 
miums Bicycles, Seeing Machines, Art Sifber- 
ivare, Travelling Bags, Books, etc., etc. 



We do not palm off anything of a trashy nature 

and you will find that it will pay you to exchange ^ 
GILT EDGE WRAPPERS for some of our at- 
tractive and useful articles 

WM. STRACHAN & CO., 

28-40 St. Timothee Street. 



/"*> l O1 P* 1 1 /^ 

Gilmoar, Schokld <^ Co. 

DRY GOODS JOBBERS 

WE INVITE ALL MERCHANTS WHO ARE IN A 
POSITION TO PAY CASH TO VISIT OUR STORE. 

This business foas established to protect the man 
who can take his cash discounts. 

WE CLAIM WE CAN SAVE YOU FROM 10 TO 25 PER CENT. 
AND THESE ARE OUR REASONS: 



TAYLOR.TELFER&CQ. 

manufacturers and Contractors 

DEALERS IN 

ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES 



We sell 011 short dates. 

We make no bad debts. 

We never buy ahead. 

We continually hunt for bar- 

gai 
We gi 

bet 
We ne 



/e our customers the 
efit 

er buv from the first 



\Ve buy by comparison. 

We thoroughly know onr 

business. 

We do all our own buying. 
\\~L- make no bad stock 
We mind our own business 
In buying we keep our coun 
cil. 



TELEPHONES, 
FIRE AND 
BURGLAR 

ALARM SYSTEMS. 




We keep the expenses down. 
The secret of success : Know where to buy. 

COME AND SEE US 

Never mind if you are not in a position to buy, the day may 
come when you will be free. 

Respectfully, 

GILMOUR, SCHOFIELD & CO. 

364 St. Paul Street, MONTREAL. 



Personal Attention Given to Repair 
Work of all kinds. ~ 

ESTIMATES FURNISHED. 

44 "Bfeuru Street, 



TELEPHONES : 

BEI_I_ MAIN 1123 
MERCHANTS- 61O 



Montreal, 



XVIII 



CoteauSt-PierreS^ 11 ^ 11 " 011 " 1180 



Tel. Marchands 1304 



Joseph Decarie, Fils 



Manufacturier de 



Briques 

et Entrepreneur 




P. O. BOX 55. 




VILLE DE ST-HENRI. 



REMOVABLE, 



TEL. MAIN 611. 




Steam Pipe and Boiler Coverings, 

Paper Mill Board 

Stove Linings and Fibre . 

Steam Packings ...... 

Asbestic . 
Wa.ll 

Plaster and 
Roofing. 





Canadian c/^sbestos Company 

Corner of St. Peter and foundling Sts. 

MONTREAL. 



BELL TEL/MAIN 1499. MERCHANTS TEL. 846. 



31. <S?cttenaude & Co. 



DEALERS IN ... 



Coal and *Wood 

Bay, Oats, Grain of all kinds. 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. 




36O CRAIG STREET 



OPPOSITE VIGER SQUARE 



MONTREAL. 



"Uhe Oldest / Vhe fiest / 



Celebrated <&*^3$*^2&t 



Cook s friend 
taking Powder 



The exact name "COOK S FRIEND" and no other 
is genuine. 

Purest materials, properly balanced and carefully 
compounded, have placed the Cook s Friend 
in the front rank and keep it there. 

All the best Grocers keep Cook s Friend in stock. 



the Canada engraving 
and Citbograpbing Co y 



CAPITAL, $150,000 



IN ALL ITS 
BRANCHES 



Stock Certificates, Bonds 
and Loan Documents. 



5,7, 9, 11, Bleary Street, 
MONTREAL. 



UNION CARD AND PAPER Go. 

Glazed, Enameiiefl, Littio. and Coated Papers 

CardDoards and Playing Cams 

Colored cjilnas and Tickei Boards . . . . 

No. 8 LATOUR STREET, 

.MONTREAL. 



LUNCH 

FROM 12. 3O A.M. TO 3 P.M. 

PHONm MAIN 2889 



WM. O BRIEN 
PROP. 



O Brien s 

Cafe 



Choice Wi 



nes, 



luors 



an 



d Ci 



gars. 



80 St. James St. 







MONTREAL. 



HIGH GRADE CIGARS 




9 




ASK FOR_ 



Reliance 




PACKING . . . . 
BOX 

MANUFACTURERS 



IF YOU WANT SOMETHING 



CHOICE AND RELIABLE. 



umbcr ITIercfyants 




i NOTHING 
TO EQUAL 

THEM. 



BELL TELEPHONE 8415 



RELIANCE CIGAR FACTORY 



62 MCGILL. STREET, MONTREAL. 



231 CHATHAM STREET, 



MONTREAL. 



XX 



ROOFING: 



"Our Work 

Survives. 



. . . AND 



ASPHALTING 



Sheet metal lllork, J- metal Skylights, 
Roofing materials, Building Papers. 

Cement Cubs, 
flsphalt, Cement, and Cile Ulcrk. 



Canadian Agents 

^BOSTON SLOWER CO. 



Hot Blast Heating 



s" d ck 



George 0). Reed $ Co, 

C. T. WILLIAMS, Proprietor. 

7$s Craig $t. ... montreal. 



John 

men s furnishings 

QUALITY HIGH! PRICES LOW! 



Cte$, Xcw alld ">" prices, 15, J5. ;5. 50 and up. 
, X(nv styles and Best makes, prices, 5, 15, 20 and 25. 
, Strong and durable, at 25, 35, 50. 60, 75 and si.oo pair. 
For walking or driving at 75. 51 oo. 51.25, 1.50. <2-2$ pr. 

A1 > kinds at a " P"ces. 

Large and Roomy at 50, 75 and 51.00 each. 



MILITARY BRUSHES, 
HAIR BRUSHES, SHAVING BRUSHES^ 

TOOTH BRUSHES, 
LEATHER GOODS, Etc., Etc, 



de Co., 



2343 St. Catherine St., 

TELEPHONE UP 933. 



Corner Metca/fe. 

TERMS CASH. 



. . Hoi] telephone 84is . . 



filbert Bolmes 

Wholesale 
Manufacturer of 

Gas t Electric and 

Combination Gasaliers and 

Brass Work, 



Write for my prices . . . 

* * they arc the Lowest. 



251 Chatham $t. . Montreal* 



ALLAN LINE 

Royal mail Steamship Cc y. 

ESTABLISHED 1854. 

The Company s fleet consists of 34 Steamers aggregating 
134,937 Tons. 



TUNISIAN 
CASTILIAN 



10,000 Tons i 
8,000 " 



Steamers sail weekly from Montreal during the season of 
navigation to Liverpool, London, and Gla-g<iw, also distinct 
services from Xew York, Boston and Pniladclphia to Glasgow. 

The vessels are provided with evet y known device to secure 
Safety which has always been considered as of first import 
ance by the management. The Passenger Steamers are all 
modern and care has been taken to insure the comfort of all 
the passengers. To promote this end, the entire passenger 
accommodation is lighted with the incandescent electric light. 
The saloons and staterooms are near the centre of the ship, 
promenade deck the whole width and 150 feet long, Smok 
ing rooms, Music rooms, etc. , etc. 

Special attention has been given to the ventilation and 
sanitary arrangements. 

An experienced Surgeon is carried on all the Passenger 
Steamers. Rates of passage lower than by most first-class lines. 

Circular giving rates and sailings on application to any 
Agent or 

H. & A. ALLAN, 

MONTREAL. 



XXI 



* BUGLE 




BRAND 



Is what all Soldiers 

Should Drink . 



See 

You get 
Them. 



OLD SCOTCH WHISKY 
OLD TOM GIN 

UNSWEETENED GIN 
BASS ALE 
GUINNESS STOUT 

* * Chev are the Best. 



J. & R. McLEA, Agents 

^^23 COMMON ST. 



1O5 MEDALS AWARDED 



...... By Special Royal Warrant to ...... 

HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN H.R.H. The Prince of Wales. 




"J EYES 
FLUID 




THE STANDARD DISINFECTANT, 
NON-POISONOUS 

COL. McKiNNON. Secretary of the NATIONAL RIFLE 
ASSOCIATION, writes : 

1 7 am desired by the Committee to inform you that they are 
quite satisfied with the manner in which you carried out the disin 
fection of Bisley Camp, dunng the last and previous years, and 
will gladly entrust the work to you this year. 

SAMPLES ON APPLICATION. 



Jeyes Oanitary Compounds Co. 

oy Canada, 
30 Hospital Street, * jt MONTREAL. 



5taqdard 




mineral waters 



Joltustou s Clarets 



Sandemao Ports and Slpies 
IMieBrizani Hop s Lipurs 

BoucfianTs Burgundies 
KOCH. LautereO line Wines. 




\F you wish to shoot well, 
see that your eyes are 
in perfect condition. 
Many persons think that they have per 
fect sight when they might have more 
distinct vision. 

GEO. BARRAT 

PRACTICAL OPTICIAN 



2365 St. Catherine Street 



A Full Line of 
Optical Goods 

also . . 

Cameras 

and . . 

Photographic 
Supplies. 

Developing ;md 
Printing done on 
reasonable terms. 

Catalogues Tree. 



MONTREAL 




XXII 



AQUIN & ITZWEIRE 



Manufacturers of 



Sash, Doors and Mouldings 
Turning, Carving, Etc. 



PLANING AND 



SAW MILL. 



Corner Vinet and Tracy Streets 

-^^_Sr. CUNE60NDE. 

PHONES] 8 " 8 2 ,, 

I Merchants 1249. 



"Rodgers" 

Cutlery 



HAS NO 
KOUAL 



PLEASE SEE 
THAT THIS 

EXACT 
MARK 

IS ON EACH 
BLADE. 

SOLE AGENTS FOR 
CANADA 




James Hutton & Co. 

15 ST. HELEN STREET, 

.MONTREAL. 



Swimm 
Turkish 




Laurentian Baths, 



Cor. Craig and Beaudry Sts. 



.MONTREAL. 



LADIES . 



Monday Morning, Wednesday Afternoon. 



ENJOY 
YOUR 




By wearing one of 

Slioieirs Rigtm Waiepol Bicycle 
u Coll 

They admit the air but keep out 
the rain. The feeling, appearance, or 
porous properties of ordinary tweed are 
not changed by RIGBY. It simply 
renders goods repellent to water, yet the 
cost is not increased. 



XXIII 



Perrin s Gloves 



For LADIES 

GENTLEMEN |$| 
and CHILDREN 



If you need a pair of Stylish 
and durable Gloves 



Ask 



ZPerrin s Stoves 
\ 

They are 





the 



Best 



THE MOLSONS BANK 



HEAD OFFICE, - MONTREAL. 



Paid up Capital, - $2,000,000 00 

Rest Fund, $1,500,000 00 

Reserve for Rebate on Current Discounts, $80,000 00 

Profit and Loss Account, - $26,82968 $1,606,82968 



Board of Directors : 

WM. MOLSON MACPHERSON, President. 

S. H. EWING. Vice-President. 

W, M. RAMSAY. SAMUEL F1NLEY. 

HENRY ARCHBALD. J. P. CLEGHORN. 

H. MARKLAND MOLSON. 



F. WOLFERSTAN THOMAS. General Manager. 
A. D. DURNFORD. Inspector. ^ W^OHIPMAN, \ Asst - Insp 



Collections made in all Parts of the Dominion 
and returns promptly remitted at Lowest Rates 
of exchange. 

Commercial Letters of Credit and Travellers 1 Circular Letters 
Issued, Available in all Parts of the World. 



BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA 



(Incorporated J832) 



Capital, - - - , $1,500,000.00 


Resew and Undivided Profits, $1,626,634.20 


LIST OF OFFICES 


nova Scotia 


new Brunswick 


Ontario 


Amherst, 


Campbellton, 


Toronto. 


Annapolis, 


Chatham, 


West Indies 


Bridgetown, 
Digby, 


Fredericton, 
Moncton, 


Kingston, Jamaica 


Halifax, 


Newcastle, 


Prince Cdward i$ d 


Kentville. 


St. Andrews, 


Charlottetown, 


Liverpool, 


St. John, 


Summerside. 


New Glasgow, 


St. Stephen, 


newfoundland 


North Sydney, 


Sussex, 




Oxford, 


Woodstock. 


St. John s, 


Plctou, 




Harbor Grace. 


Stellarton. 


Quebec 


United States 


Westville, 


Montreal, 


Chicago, III. 


Yarmouth. 


Paspebiac. 


Calais, Me. 



?The Robert 31 e ford Co. 

Limited, 

Steamship J^gents 
a!> Commission 77/erchants 



23 and 25 

ST. SACRAMENT ST. 

Montreal. 



AGENTS FOR . . 



Donaldson Line for Glasgow, 

Thomson Line for London, Leith, etc. 

Tickford & Black Line for the West 

Indies, 

Cory Line for Cardiff. 



XXIV 



Montreal City and District 
Savings Bank 



Established 1S46 



Capital Subscribed 
Capital Paid up 
Reserve 
Undivided Profits 



$2,000,000.00 
600,000.00 
400,000.00 
193,000.00 



Hon. Sir William Hingston, President. 
Henri Barbeau, - - Manager. 



Head Office, 



176 ST. JAMES ST. 



BRANCH OFFICES 

656 NOTRE DAME EAST 
2312 NOTRE DAME WEST 
1232 ST. CATHERINE ST. 

COR. GRAND TRUNK *ND SHEARER ST. 

The Bank s Act of Incorporation is so framed as to afford all 
possible protection to Depositors including women and minors. 




Iv* Alley & do. 



REAL 

ESTATE 

INVESTMENT 

AND . . . 

FINANCIAL 
AGENTS. 



JJ6 ST. JAMES STREET, 



Telephone, 
Main J25I. 



cMONTREAL. 



GARTH&CO. 



MANUFACTURERS 

PLUMBERS 

^ STEAMFITTERS 

Porcelain $ enamelled 
Iron Batbs * * * 

BATH TRIMMINGS. 
GAS #> ELECTRIC FIXTURES 



536 to 542 Craig St. MONTREAL. 



eugcncf. Phillips 



EUGENE F. 

PHILLIPS, 

President. 

JOHN CARROLL, 

Sec. and Treas. 



electrical Works 



(LIMITED) 



MONTREAL, Canada. 



Bare and Insulated Electric Wire 

Electric Light Line Wire 
Incandescent and Flexible Cords 

Railway Feeder and Trolley Wire 



American/te. Magnet. Office and 

Annunciator Wires 

Cables for Aerial and Underground Use. 



U. S. FACTORY : 

AMERICAN ELECTRICAL WORKS, PROVIDENCE, R. i. 

NEW YORK STORE : 

P. C. ACKERMAN, AGENT, 10 CORTLAND STREET. 

CHICAGO STORE : 

F. E. DONOHOE, AGENT, 241 MADISON STREET. 



XXV 



WHEN YOU WANT . 



Silk DTiread 

Underwear, 
Sftosiery or SlUtts 




stamped on the goods, is proof of the maker s 
faith in the quality of them. 

Corticelli Silk Co., cm. 

12 St. nicbolas St. 

. . . Montreal, Can. 




WALTER C. HAGAR, 



j 



njurance 



. . . SPECIAL AGENT . . . 

THE GUARDIAN FIRE AND LIFE 
ASSURANCE CO., 

Of London, Eng. 
< 

313 Doard of Trade ijuilding, 
cMontreal, Canada. 





McClary Man fg Co. 



MANUFACTURERS 
OF 



Slews, furnaces, 
enamelled Ware, Cinware, etc. 





Head Office : 

LONDON, ONT. 

Branches : 
Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg and Vancouver, 



ENGRAVING and 
PRINTING CO. 

288 ST. JAMES ST., (Jacing Victoria Sq.) 

Blank Booh makers, engraoers, 
f r.ithoarachm. Booh & lob Printers * 




THE BEST WORK ND RIGHT PRICES. 

GET OUR PRICES FOR YOUR NEEnS. 

ENGRAVING and 

PRINTING co. 

288 ST. JAMES STREET, MO1MTP T7 A I 

(Jacing Victoria Sq.) ...MONTREAL. 



XXVI 



Ilitcbeirs 



Scotch and Irish 



Whiskies 



. . . ARE . . . 

Always Popular 



TAKE 

NO 

OTHER. 




Bell Tel. 
8025. 



d>rre~ 



Merchants 
Tel. 550. 



Co. 



Manufacturers , . . 
Importers and Agents. 

CONTRACTORS SUPPLIES 



jfcardware, Oils, train ts, Coal. 

. . . Specialties . . . 

Illuminating and Lubricating Oils, 
"Sun" Boiler Compound * 



2547-2553 NOTRE DAME ST. 

Corner Seigneurs Street. 

MONTREAL 



WAREHOUSES . . . 

St. Henri. Mile End. 
and 355 Richmond St. 




CAPITOL 



fl yir$t=cla$$ 10 cent 
Smoke. 



E. N. CUSSON & CO. 

MONTREAL. 




Use 



SCRANTON 



it COAL 




XXVII 



Pilkington Brothers, Ltd 



MANUFACTURERS 
OF.. 



Polished Plate 



... and 



UMndow 0la$$ 



ZPlain and levelled 
TTfirror Plates, 

Rolled Plate, Fancy Cathedral Glass, &c. 



DEPOT : 

Busby Lane, MONTREAL. 



C. THEORET 

LAW BOOKSELLER 
^PUBLISHER * * 

11 AND 13 

ST. JAMES ST. ...MONTREAL, CAN. 



ABBOTT S RAILWAY LAW OF CANADA, 1896 

B L I G H S QUEBEC STATUTES Uw INDEX, 98 

CRANK8HAF8 JUSTICES OF PEACE S GUIDE, 95 

HOLT S INSURANCE LAW OF CANADA, 98 

LAFLEUR S CONFLICT OF LAW, 98 

LA REVUE LEGALE, 98 

LA REVUE DE JURISPRUDENCE, 98 

R.S. WEIR, LID, CIVIL CODE P.O.,- 98 



Official Figures 

FOUR LEADING PAPERS 
OF CANADA 



Montreal Daily Star. . .50,0001 

Montreal Weekly Star . 100,000 i I5> OOO 

["The Family Herald and Weekly Star"! J 



Toronto Daily Globe . . 34,500) 
Toronto Weekly Globe . 26,000) 



Toronto Daily Mail . . . 32,000) 

Toronto Weekly Mail . . 25,000] 57 

London Daily Advertiser 8,000) 
London WeeklyAdvertiser 22,000] 3 



December, 



I WANT A ... 

New 



AND I WANT TO 
FIND OUT . . 



3. 6. Deslaurim & Co $ 



Hat 
Store 



IT IS AT ... 

No. 2050 NOTRE DAME ST. 

2 Doors from Chaboillez Sqr. 

One minute walk from T\7r/~vK.TTT-T- A T 

G.T.R. Station. MONTREAL. 



XXVIII 



LINOTYPE COMPANY, 



MAKERS 
OF . . 



The Linotype 
Type Bar Machine 

The "Oliver" 
Typewriter 

Special Tools 
Special 




Machinery 

WORKS AND OFFICES 



156 St. Antoine Street, 

.MONTREAL 



Send for 
Catalogues. 



3. P. fl,(k$troi$H1ai$on$$C(X 



import 



ers 



TTfanufacturers 

^Wholesale 



5)iillinery 






1801 NOTRE DAME ST., 
Mon treal. 



. . . ESTABLISHED 1854. . 



fc Dwalttt 



IMPORTER and 
MAKER of all kinds of 

MUSICAL 




INSTRUMENTS 



of all kinds. 
Violins made to order. 




is $t. Cambcrt hill, 

-momreal. 



SAUVAGEAU 



General Contractor 
"""Valuator, * 

Carpenter, Joiner & Builder 



All kinds of Jobbing 
promptly attended to. 



SHOP and OFFICE : 

189 ST. ANTOINE STREET. 




Bell Telephone, 
Main 2637. 



. MONTREAL 



XXIX 



FAUCHER & SON 



Importers and Pcalm In 



hardware 



Carriage Wood Work & Trimmings 

SMITHS COAL 

AGENTS FOR 

K. Tnflham Clarke & Go s London, ens. UarnisNs 
796 to 802 CRAIG STREET 

Er S t 0f Amoin. Street. ZS^ZMONTREAL 



W. H. D. YOUNG, L.D.S., D.D.S. 



IRQ! 




1694 NOTRE DflME ST., 

MONTREAL. 

ONLY FIRST-CLASS* WORK. 

Teeth Extracted without Pain by New Process. 
Sets ordered in the morning can be delivered in the 
afternoon. Telephone . Main 2 5 1 5 , 



W i gh t m a n <^^ss=^^r 

Sporting Goods Co. 

FISHING TACKLE, FOOTBALLS, 

BOXING GLOVES, 

STRIKING BAGS, SNOWSHOES, 

CAMPING GOODS, ETC. 

403 ST. PAUL STREET 

. MONTREAL. 



Our Motto "THE BEST." 



flirt s 



GINGER ALE, 
SODA WATER, 
APPLE NECTAR, 
_ CREAM SODA, 
==-^== KOLA, 

CALEDONIA, &c. 

to be obtained from all first class grocers. 



2 Gold, 3 Silver, 5 Bronze Medals 
and 17 Diplomas awarded for . . 



J.EVELEIGH&Co. 

Manufacturers of 

TRUNKS & TRAVELLING BAGS 



STEAMER TRUNKS- 
NoSAMPLE CASES OF i 



Military Cases, Cartridge Boxes, Haversacks, 

STRAPS, OFFICERS TRUNKS, ETC. 



Head Office and Factory VITRE, cor. of Elizabeth St. 

City Warerooms - 245 ST. JAMES ST. 



H. P. LABELLE & CO. 

1657, 1659, 1661 NOTRE DAME ST. 

MONTREAL 
MANUFACURERS 

AND . . . 

FURNITURE DEALERS 

PARLOR, BED ROOM, DINING 
ROOM, HALL AND KITCHEN 

ETC., ETC., ETC. 




PALMER S 



Saw and Planing Mill... 



NEW STYLES IN 

HAIR GOODS 



"* rVfT^VS* We carry the LARGEST STOCK 
,1 
" in Canada. 

OUR BORDEN HAIR GOODS . . . 

ARE UNEQUALLED FOR WEIGHT, QUALITY AND BEAUTY. 



Doors, Sashes, Blinds, Turning, Shaping, Mouldings 

Sawing and Planing 



1745 NOTRE DAME ST. TEL. MAIN, 391. 



1O FAUTEUX AVENUE 

Bell Tel. 8593. ST. CUNEGONDE. 



XXX 



TELEPHONE. MAIN 2733. 



3C. 3C. SSrosseau & Co. 



REAL ESTATE AGENTS 
AND INSURANCE BROKERS. 

LOANS and INVESTMENTS. 

PRIVATE ESTATE and TRUST administered. 

13 ST. LAMBERT HILL, 



-MONTREAL. 



J. BONHOMME... 



G, 



CF 



Repairs of all kinds on the shortest notice 
and at Low PRICES. 

WITH LARGE STORAGE 

940 ST. JAMES ST. ,, 

Between Guy and Richmond Sts. IVLONTRE AL 



B. 



Office Tel,, Main I265. 



Branch and Residence Tel. 3087 



DEALER IN . . . 



WOOD and COAL 



NAPOLEON STREET, near Canal 
and 1119 ST. JAMES STREET 



e. . mount $ go,, 

PLUMBERS . . . 

GAS and STEAMFITTERS 
and ROOFERS <* J /* * 



MONTREAL 



Brand) Store: 7^4 Cfaifl 

ote St. flntoine 
Road 



Iflontrcal. 



MUNDERLOH & CO. 

ALL KINDS OF 

ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES 

ELECTRIC FIXTURES 
DYNAMOS, MOTORS, ETC. 



61 St, Sulpice Street, ,, .MONTREAL, 



BREVET. MONTREAL, 



. . . OFFICE FOR . . . 

PATENTS, DESIGNS, TRADE MARKS 
AND COPYRIGHTS, 



HANBURY A. BUDDEN 

F. M. CHARTERED INSTITUTE OF PATENT AGENTS. 

V . S. REGISTERED ATTORNEY No 1088. 

ADVOCATE, PATENT AGENT. 



NEW YORK LIFE BUILDING, MONTREAL. 



Ifa 




For the BEST forms of ... 

LIFE & ACCIDENT INSURANCE 




Wackstone ^& 
Cigar Factory 

. MAKERS 



HIGH CLASS 
CIGAR 




Montreal 



Travelers Insurance 
Company 

Of HARTFORD. CONN. 

Obcral Contracts FRANK F. PARKINS, 

Chief cdgent, 



Lowest Rates. 



136 St. Hamcs Street, 

. . . Montreal, P.Q 



XXXI 



Dominion Wire Mfg. Co. 



LIMITED . 



rWORKS AT LACHINE 

(NEAR MONTREAL.) 




OFFICES: 

TEMPLE BUILDING 

MONTREAL. 

& 65 FRONT ST. E., 

TORONTO. 
WAREHOUSE: 

4-92 ST PAUL ST. 

MONTREAL. 



- manufacturer of 

Iron, Steel, ^Bra.ss and Copper Wire 

Steel and ^rass Wood Screws 
Steel Wire Nails 

Steel and Brass Jack Chain 
" Crescent" Coat and Hat Hooks 
Spring Cotters, Staples 
Wire ^Door Pulls 

Bright Wire Goods and Mill Wire Goods. 

All carefully packed and neatly labelled 
and guaranteed second to none. 



MONTREAL 



E. A. GERTH 

2235 St. Catherine St. 

Queen s Hall Block 

Direct Tmpcrtm 

fiigb Class fiavana Cigars 

Haent 

W. D. & H. O. WILLS, Bristol, Eng. 

TOBACCOS and , * CIGARETTES 



}. BENJAMIN DAGENAIS 



GENERAL CONTRACTOR 

NO. 210 GUY STREET 

MONTREBL. 
Bell Telephone 8!I8 

All kinds of Buildings erect 
ed and General Repairs 
done at the shortest notice. 

estimates furnished. 
Satisfaction guaranteed. 



SPECIALTY : Plans and Esti 
mates furnished for Embossed Ceilings in Steel, Aluminum, etc., etc. 
All kinds of Goods made of Steel in Sheets for the Building Trade. 




MORRIS MICHAELS 



. . Importer of Tine . . 



and of high grade European novelties 
of every description. 

ROTUNDA WINDSOR HOTEL AND CHATEAU FRONTENAC 

MONTREAL. QUEBEC. 



J. 0. LABRECQUE & CIE 



Wood and Coal 



83 WOLFE STREET 



Bell Telephone, East, 1251. 
Merchants Telephone 35R. 



. . . MONTREAL 



Jolelvilles 
fvesfauranl 




7752 NOTRE DAME STREET, 
MONTREAL. 

GORDON A. MELVILLE. Proprietor. 



TELEPHONE MAIN 1875. 



Bell Telephone 8311. Established in 1882. 

E. LEMIRE 

Dsaierin Wood & Coal of all kinds. 

Strvw, Grain and Hay. 

Wholesale & Retail. 

367 RICHMOND ST. 

HII orders promptlv executed in all parts IVfl rMvi-roc- A i 

of the citv without extra charge. f t A L. 

SPECIALTY : Dry wood for lighting stones 
at moderate prices. 



XXXII 



. Cohen & Son, 



Anthracite & Bituminous CO A L 

COALS ; Cape Breton & Scotch Steam Coal, 

American & Welsh Anthracite also Smiths Coal. 

FOUNDRY SUPPLIES : 

Lehigh Coal, Coke, Moulding Sand, Plumbago 
Facings, Stove Polish, etc. 

DRY CUT WOOD 4 CHARCOAL 
36 PRINCE ST MONTREAL TELEPHONE 814. 



PATENTS 



TRADE MARKS 



OWEN N. EVANS 

Patent Attorney 

(Foreign Member Chartered Institute Patent Agents, Eng.) 
Successor to the late F. H. REYNOLDS, 

Tempfe "Buifding, ST. JAMES ST. 
MONTREAL. 



COPYRIGHTS 



DESIGNS 



Imported direct from mines. 



Merchants Tel. 135. 
Bell Tel. East 806. 



CHS. CHARLAND 

. . DEALER IN - . 

_, jb. ^ WOOD & COAL 

OF ALL. KINDS. 

53 VITRE STREET 

Specialty: Kindling Wood of all hinds. . . . MONTREAL. 



When you want a good, large load of Dry 
Kindling Wood, cut Slabs, Hardwood, 
or any kind of good Coal, be sure 
and call up 



ompany 



p ONES - 



M e chts M 927. 927- 



W LUAM STREET. 



The James Robertson Co. 
Limited. 



Lead . . . 
Manufacturers 

SHOT A SPECIALTY. 



MONTREAL. 
TORONTO. 
WINNIPEG. 
ST. JOHN. 



L BRUNELLE 

^Merchant Tailor 



1906 Notre Dame Si. 

BALMORAL BUILDING 



BELL TEL. MAIN 1 O6. 



. . . MONTREAL. 



H. BOKER & CO. 

Razors, &*f~~ 

f Scissors, ^Vmi 

Pocket- Cutlery. 



-V- 



H. JOSEPH & Co., 

CANADA CHAMBERS, 16 ST. SACRAMENT ST. 
MONTREAL 

Real Estate and General cAgents 

and Valuators. 
Special Attention given to Management of Estates. 

BELL TELEPHONE MAIN 2866. 
CABLE ADDRESS: "CALLJO," MONTREAL. 



H.V1NEBERG&CO. 

WHOLESALE 
CLOTHIERS 



25 ST. HELEN ST. COR. NOTRK DAME ST. 

MONTREAL. 



FMBROC^TIOJV 

a. ,iim.Y RHEUMATISM. LUMBAGO 
rasn" CHEST COLDS. SORETHROAT: 
CURO SPRAINS. BRUISES .STIFFNESS. ETC. 



xxxm 



MILK! 



Avoid the danger of tuberculosis and other 
diseases resulting from unhealthy animals, and 
uncleanly dairies, by taking your milk from . . 

Ff Mf-ff IP ^ T FA RM < , Periodical Inspection by 
CL^iVin Ut\ J> / r/i[\M * McEachran & Baker, D.V.S. 

A limited number of families supplied com 
mencing 1st August inst. 

T. A. TRENHOLME. Prop. 
Tel. Mount I48a. MONTREAL WEST. 



D. A, McPherson & Co. 

. . . Exporters of ... 

Cheese ana Butter 

a - . -- 
Dealers in Orain and Cheese factory Supplies 



71 William Street, 



MONTREAL. 



L-OST 



"For the ivant of a nail a shoe was lost ; for 
the <w&nt of a shoe the horse was lost ; for the 
l&ant of a horse the rider foas lost, being over 
taken and slain by an enemy." 

Military men will avoid a similar calamity over 
taking them, if they will only insist upon their farrier 
shoeing their horses with the " C " brand horse nails, 
made by 

THE CANADA HORSE NAIL COMPANY 

MONTREAL 



GASCON FISH CO. 



Curers and Packers of ... 

Dressed, Dried, Boneless, 
Salted and Fresh jt jt 



"IVORY" 

Brand of Boneless Cod. 



GASCONS, 

Bonaventure Co., Que. 



2X HATTON & CO., Sole cAgents. 



L. J. A. SURVEYER 



< ESTABLISHED 1866 



LA PRESSED 



6 ST. LAWRENCE MAIN STREET 

. . . MONTREAL 
IRONMONGER 

CUTLERY 

BUILDING HARDWARE 
TOOLS, &c. 



LARGEST SWORN DAILY CIRCU- 
LATION IN CANADA WITHOUT $ 
EXCEPTION. 



Over 



er /T 
DD, 

(>O<XXXX>O<X><KX>CKKXXX>O<KH><>OOOO<>O<M>0<i 



Copies 
a day. 



^Volunteer SfCouse 



WILLIAM WISEMAN, Prop. 



461 Craig Street 



. . . MONTREAL 



J. W. 



HEATING, PLUMBING, 
VENTILATING, GENERAL JOBBING, 

2 ST. ANTOINE ST. T e i.uai548. 
26BAYLEST. ...MONTREAL 

124 IRVINE AVENUE WESTMOUNT. 



RESTAURANT CONNECTED 



P. ELLIOTT 



Tel. Up JJOJ. 



Che 




ensington 



122 WINDSOR STREET 

4 DOORS FROM C. P. . DEPOT 



WM. POTTS, PROPRIETOR 

.. . MONTREAL. 



Choicest of Wet Goods and Cigars. 



Dealer in * 

Cboice Groceries, teas, 
Ulines, Ciquors, Provisions, etc. 

FINE CREAMERY BUTTER a Specialty. 

Corner ^Berthelet and City Councillors Streets, 

^MONTREAL. 



XXXIV 




headquarters 



While in Montreal should be 




xj. ^-GJirtx-.cy- 



Cbe $t Cawrcncc Rail 



.... BECAUSE it is the most centrally situated and 

liberally conducted Hotel in the city 

.... Its cuisine and service are of the highest order, 
and it counts amongst its many Patrons the leaders 
of the Social and Political worlds of both Continents. 



ILLUSTRATED GUIDE BOOK 

FREE UPON APPLICATION. 



Proprietor. 



ffi 



You 



Crescent 
Bicycle * 



J. mile Vanier, 

B.A.S. 

A.M. Canadian Soc. C.E. 
Member Soc. C.E. of France. 
Member Soc. of Architects of the 
Province of Quebec. 



We are sure, because 
YOU want the BEST. 



SPECIALTIES. 



TALKING POINTS : 



4 



Beautifully designed frames. 

Drop of crank hanger, 2^4 inches. 

Seven-inch cranks. 

Expanders in handle bars and saddle post. 

Elegant black and olive green finish. 

The most desirable saddles. 

Rosewood finished rims. 

Dunlop tires. Etc., etc., etc. 






Ulc 

have them 



SS- 



T. W. BOYD & SON 

MONTREAL, QUE. 



$35,00 
$50,00 
$75,00 




ROADS J** RAILROADS 
WA TER WORKS J*J* SEWER 
AGE SYSTEMS JJ* -POWER 
PLANTS OF cALL DESCRIP 
TIONS J*J* ELECTRIC LIGHT 
ING Jtj* ARCHITECTURE J*J* 
ETC. j*j* 



IMPERIAL ^ BUILDING 



MONTREAL. 



xxxv 



Indian Catarrh 



~ 

- extremely rapid in its action on Catarrh, is entirely non- 
4> ] poisonous, and does not irritate the throat and nose when 
inhaled It is also taken internally, acting as a tonic, in 
creasing the blood circulation, and thus assisting the whole sysl 

throw off the disease. - rATAT?T?H 

This preparation is the most efficacious remedy for CATARRH 
the nTrket It was first prepared by the famous Sikhs, in the 



curing thousands in Canada 
prove our claim. 



will 



ou. 



us, we will 



INDIAN 




Price, - 50c. and $1.00 



HEAD OFFICE OF THE 

METROPOLITAN" PLATE GLASS INSURANCE Co. 
(^ 

C. A. SHARPE 

(Successor to Quesnel, Sharpe & Co.) 



Montreal. 



IMPORTER OF . 




and 



Plate, Window 

Ornamental Glass 



PAINTS, OILS, VARNISH, 
WALL PAPER, ETC. 

^^^ Manufacturer of Mirrors. 
^^ fc " Bevelling a Specialty. 

1621 Notre Dame Street, 

^mm-MONTREAL. 



Jne Drust and oan 

. 

Company of Canada. 



INCORPORATED BY ROYAL CHARTER 
A. D. 1845. 



CAP.TAL SUBSCK.BED 

" 



$7,500,000 



RESERVE FUND 

MONEY TO LEND . 



S.,58,,666 
$924.13863 



ON CITY PROPERTY 

AND IMPROVED FARMS 

AT LOW RATES 
AND ON VERY DESIRABLE TERMS. 

ADDRESS : 

THE COMMISSIONER 

Che Crust and Coan Company of Canada 

26 Si. James Sireet, MONTREAL. 



XXXVI