Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2011 with funding from LYRASIS members and Sloan Foundation http://www.archive.org/details/ourcollegetimes1719191920 f3H o./9/f WM. Z. ROY, Lancaster, Pa. Book Binder and Blank Book Manufacturer Date J..' ..X ..'(..: Order No ..a..3.Q.)S^ Title Binding .L^^h..v..^.t..-.....„ Owner L:l..N.jJ.y^itP.::L: .„^... Residence l)f..},f^^A.3^. Cost /...:^,i Remarks /\ ;.1/I MOO •injbai /*" ill iiMMi f mii Volume XVI/ Number I EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief I. S. Hoffer Associate Editor Ezra Wenger Departmental Editor H. H. Nye Alumni Editor Edna E. Brubaker Religious News Contributor Sara Shisler Society News Contributor L. Anna Schwenk Eva V. Arbegast School News Contributors -^ „ j ttt Raymond Wenger Business Manager H. A. Via Assistant Business Manager A. C. Baugher Our College Times is published month y during the Academic year by Elizabeth- town College, This paper will have to be discontinued as soon as the time of subscription expires as an action of the United States legislature. Please renew in time and report any change of address to the business manager. Subscription rates one dollar per year; fifteen cents per copy; six subscriptions $5.00. Entered as second-class matter April 19, 1919, at the Elizabethtown PostoflSce. Editorials In This Issue various scholastic departments. In This is the first number to ap- ^^^^ number appears an account of pear by the new editorial staff, ^^e change of schedule— from We hope to publish each month, as forty-minute periods to hour a new feature, some account of the Periods, and from a five-day week progress of the Endowment Cam- *« ^ five-and-one-half-day week— paign, under the direction of Prof, together with an account of the ad- Ralph W. Schlosser. The Depart- vantages of the change. The sev- mental Editor, Prof. H. H. Nye, eral contributing editors, thru will present the work of our their respective columns, will bring OUR COLLEGE TIMES to our attention, month by month, the school activities of interest to the friends of our school. The Endowment Campaign Prof. Schlosser, on another page of this issue, presents some of the experiences of the canvassers and some interesting facts regarding the progress of the campaign. It is particularly gratifying to note that ninety-five per cent, of the members in each congregation are contributing. This point is very im- portant. A few individuals might possibly subscribe the entire amount the campaign aims to se- cure, or even a greater amount, and all the material ends — build- ings, equipment, etc — thus reached. But it is far more significant that practically every one is giving some- thing, small though his contribu- tion may be. It means, as Prof. Schlosser points out, that our peo- ple are back of this movement, that they have faith in our school and its possibilities for the future of our church. Money is essential in the conduct of a school; v^^ith money one can erect buildings, buy equipment, pay efficient teachers — thus furnishing the knowledge Which academic standards require. But if Elizabethtown College is to realize the mission to which she is pledged, the faith of our people in her possibilities is more assuring than the contributions of money. In the present situation, faith finds its expression in contribution, and contributions from practically ev- ery member mean a universal faith in the work which we have undertaken. President Butler, of Columbia* University, in a recent address on "The College and the Nation" says, **Each of these in- stitutions is an act of faith. Each one of them has come into being because there have been men and women of vision with the spirit of generous sacrifice, who have be- lieved that mankind could reach still greater heights of accomplish- ment and achievement, still higher measures of satisfaction and happi- ness, and still larger capacities for unselfishness and service. The American college is not built upon knowledge; it is built upon faith. Knowledge is its instrument, but faith is its motive power." Our College Times This title, we believe is most ap- propriate for our college publica- tion. As a newsbearer it brings to you, our patrons and friends, a record of the activities on College Hill. We are sure this is one rea- son for taking this periodical — be- cause it brings news from the place in which you are interested. We should like to emphasize in par- ticular the first part of this title so that, as you think of this place or this periodical, the "Our" stands out and holds your attention. This is "Our College" and "Our Col- lege Times." But why this emphasis? The opening paragraph in our college catalogue says, "The Brethren in OUR COLLEGE TIMES Eastern Pennsylvania, having re- alized for some years the need of more special opportunities for edu- cating their children under Chris- tian influences, fostered the idea of establishing an institution in their midst." While our doors are closed to no one yet the needs of the chil- dren of our church were formost in the minds of the founders. They wanted education under Christian influences and Elizabethtown Col- lege stands ledged to supply that need and to realize that aim. In the Endowment Campaign, which is well under way, that aim is being reasserted. "We need in Eastern and Southern Pennsylvania a conservative college of the Church of the Brethren; (1) to perpetuate the ideals of the founders of our church and our school; (2) to preserve the con- servatism of the New Testament teachings; (3) to teach respect for the decisions of our Annual Con- ference ; (4) to prevent conserva- tism from stagnation; (5) 'To con- tend earnestly for the faith once for all delivered unto the saints." You will agree that no other school, in these two districts, of any description whatever, stands for the same ideals or is so well fitted to train our people for active ser- vice in our church. Here the fu- ture leaders of our church will be trained and from here will emanate an influence, thru the lives of our graduates, which will make the Church of the Brethren a power for righteousness and Christian in- fluence in every community. Any result less than this will be failure to realize the aim of those who founded this school and of those who are now enlarging its scope. At some other time we shall at- tempt to point out just how these aims can better be realized at Elizabethtown College than at other schools. For the present, we want you to feel that this college is inseparably bound up with the fu- ture welfare of our Church and that, as you think of the Church of the Brethren as "Our Church," you will also think of Elizabeth- town College as "Our College." And so the editorial policy of "Our College Times" shall be to help you to recognize that we at Elizabethtown College are striving to realize the aims set before us. As we come before you month by month we trust you will see in these pages, not only an account of the events which transpire, but also a record of continuous development and constant growth in the direc- tion of the ideals toward which we are facing. This is "Our College Times" because it represents "Our College;" it is "Our College" be- cause it supports the ideals and principles of "Our Church." Conundrums Why is Miss Booz so glad to be at school this year? If Mr. Gingrich tore his shoe would Mr. "Eber-sole" it? If Laura Hershey was in a scrap would Elizabeth "Trimm-er" or would Mildred 'Bone-brake"? If "Mississ-ippi" and "Carolina" wore "New Jerseys" what would "Dela-ware?" OUR COLLEGE TIMES Endowment Campaign Notes standardization of Elizabeth- town College v/as once a dream, then became necessary, and is now being realized. Nineteen congre- gations have been solicited and over one-fourth of the amount needed for standardization has been raised. In Southern Pennsyl- vania the following congregations have been solicited: Upper Co- dorus, Upper Conewago, Falling Spring, Back Creek, Marsh Creek, Lost Creek, Buffalo and Sugar Val- ley. The congregations visited in Eastern Pennsylvania are: Spring Creek, Conewago, Annville, Maiden Creek, Tulpehocken, Ridgely, Peach Blossom, Lancaster, Lititz, Schuylkill and Shamokin. These congregations have thus far made their quotas on the aver- age. Marsh Creek holds the ban- ner thus far in Southern Pennsyl- vania having raised one hundred and fifty-two per cent, of its quota. The best record in Eastern Pennsyl- vania is held by the Schuylkill congregation with one hundred and sixty per cent, of its quota raised. If the remaining congregations contribute as the churches already solicited, Elizabethtown College will have a new birth into her rightful place among the other denominational colleges of our state. We will then have sufficient buildings, equipment, and endow- ment to compete with other standardized colleges. A brother remarked, "If the col- lege does not pay, turn the key." If we wanted to make money we would go to raising hogs. Our brother fails to see that a college with sixteen foreign missionaries from its ranks on the field does even PAY in time as well as in eternity. A sister in Franklin County hesitated in giving her quota. One half was what she proposed. The solicitor tried to show her the great good that could be accomplished by her donation, and finally she consented to give her quota saying, "This last year I gave more to the church than during any year, but it is also a fact that my chickens never laid better." One of our solicitors met a sis- ter in Lebanon County whose heart is in the Lord's work. After some parleying with the solicitors she finally said, "Well, I do want to see the faith of my church preached after I am gone, and I shall give you a donation now that I had in- tended to leave you in my will. Then I will know that you have it." How many more would better GIVE their thousands instead of LEAVING them? How often we hear, "O so many things have come around this year." But friends do you know that those who express themselves thus, are generally those who have OUR COLLEGE TIMES given little to anything. Those who are contributing most to the en- dowment campaign are the very ones who gave liberally to other causes during the year. Several Aid Societies have al- ready placed themselves on the list of contributors. With ninety-five per cent, of the members contributing in every congregation it is no surprise to hear our brethren speak of OUR SCHOOL. We prefer this offering from practically every member so as to have a universal interest on the part of our members in the school. A washerwoman in Lancaster gave twenty-five dollars cash and wished she could do more. We might also state that her grand- daughter is preparing for the foreign field. O, for more sacri- ficing hearts! There is entirely too much of the spirit of the mistake made in the last line of a familiar hymn so as to read as follows: "Land MY safe on Canaan's shore." A prayer in accord with thousands of lives. We again quote an epitaph on a London tombstone: What I spent I had; What I saved I lost; What I gave I have. to those who have children be- cause they will get some benefit, and besides we do not know what we may need for ourselves. We have no children to care for us and Old Folks' Homes are expensive." And some who have children say, "Go to those who have no children because they can afford it better than we with our families, and they have no heirs." A little more prayer for today and less anxiety about tomorrow. How about this spirit? When Elder Jesse Ziegler, the first presi- dent of the Board of Trustees, was about to give a good sum to the college he mentioned the fact to one of his sons and asked his opinion. The son replied, "Father, you scratched for your money, and we can do the same." A familiar question: "Do you think you can raise the money?" We no longer think it, we ARE raising it. And what about the Gibble Science Hall? Well, it is coming too. Bro. John Gibble, of Eliza- bethtown is doing much to place the building on the hill. Professor J. G. Meyer spent part of the sum- mer soliciting for this building fund. Brother Gibble reminds us continually," It will be done." Hold your Liberty Bonds for us and get credit for their face value. How strange! Some who have And Henry Ford is with us in no children tell the solicitor, "Go our campaign Thanks for the 8 OUR COLLEGE TIMES splendid work of our Board of Trustees. Considering the age of our school we are fortunate. By a strong united pull on the part of our former students and alumni, the Students Alumni Hall for married couples, will also be- come a reality. Miss Elizabeth Grosh, our ef- ficient office stenographer and bookkeeper, is kept quite busy handling our accounts in addition to other school duties. — R. W. S. Literary Notes An Autumn Day An autumn sun peeping over the distant hills presents a beautiful picture. The frost has been at work during the night, covering corn and grass. A cool invigorating air greets us. It is a joy, just to be alive in this world of freshness and beauty. The trees in the woodlands are a glow with color. Some trees have already lost their leaves while others are a beautiful shade of yellow or red. The garden flowers are very beautiful, too, the asters, marigolds and crysanthemums are in bloom. The vegetables and fruits are us- ually stored in the cellar for win- ter use. The boys have gathered many kinds of nuts, among them we find hickory, walnut and chestnuts. At the country school house the children can be seen busy at their lessons and during the noon hour they seem just as busy at play. They seem to enjoy the cool days of autumn, too. At the close of the autumn day, we have the most beautiful sun- sets of the whole year. As the sun nears the end of its circuit, its rays illuminate the whole sky with the most beautiful tints that nature can produce. In autumn we have perfect days. We can say with the poet: "O suns, and skies and clouds of June, Count all your boasts together, Ye cannot rival for one hour, October's bright blue weather." — M. O. The Beauties of Autumn Autumn is the time when nature is at her best, when she makes her last attempt to impress her beauty upon man, before entering upon the dreary season of winter. If one is up on some high point, where a large scope of land may be seen on all sides, the country looks like a large crazy patch- work quilt, with many different colors. Standing out prominently in this scene, are the corn fields. OUR COLLEGE TIMES where the corn has been cut and put into shocks, giving the appear- ance of an Indian camp. Here and there are piles of golden corn and large yellow pumpkins. In the gar- dens are rows of cucumbers which have gotten ripe for seed, looking like so many nuggets of gold. As we approach the house, a profusion of colors is seen: red, yellow, purple, blue and white. When we get closer, we see the pink and yellow dahlias, purple as- ters, yellow marigolds, blue corn- flowers, and the orange nasturtiums, making the garden look like the habitation of the fairies. Along the fence rows and by the roadside are the wild flowers, asters and goiJen rod, which make autumn one of the most pleasant seasons. Looking at the woods from the distance, it has a light brown color, but upon closer investigation is found to be composed of many colors, the predominating one being red. We see the yellow and red of the maple, the dark red of the stately oak and the ivy, the lighter red of the dogwood and sassafras. All of these are inter- spersed by an evergreen here and there and occasionally another tree that is slow in changing color. About our feet we notice red ber- ries, the seed of Solomon's seal and tea and partridge berries. We re- vel in this beauty all about us and wish the season "When the frost is on the pumkin. And the fodder's in the shock" would be prolonged for our en- joyment. — E. Z. Scenery of Autumn What is more beautiful than a clear autumnal day! The air is crisp and sweet, the trees are gay and resplendent in color and off in the distance we see a wood and oh, the beauty of it! The trees form a scarlet and crimson haze, the mountains are the bluest blue and the sky is soft and fleecy. The orchards, fields, and vineyards are yielding their juicy fruits. We notice the cornfield : The shocks are standing in rows, the golden grain lies on the ground and the pumpkins are waiting to be gathered and made into de- licious pies. Everything seems so quiet and still, when out jumps a cunning rabbit and hurries away for fear of being eaught by the hunter. The flowers are not as numerous in autumn but perhaps they are more appreciated as they are so rare. Some of the flowers loved by everyone are the fringed gentian, golden rod, aster and chrysanthe- mums. How the water ripples and glimmers in the sunlight! It al- most seems as though it were talk- ing. What is more beautiful than the close of an autumnal d^y, when all nature is at rest, and Mother Earth is illuminated as the great golden sun sinks in the western horizon, reflecting colors which cannot be described on paper. We are then made to think of the words in the book of books. "The Heavens de- clare the glory of God and the firmament showeth His handi- work." — F. M. S. 10 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Religious News We are living in an age in which every individual can throw his ef- forts into some great movement and be a vital factor in its progress. Life is so complex, people live so fast, and so many things happen. People are attempting big things and great results follow. In history each age has its great movements, events and heroes. These are recorded in books but are not the things by which the age is judged or known. It is the unconscious influence of an age by which it is judged; the unconscious influence of a life that tells most, and the unconscious influence of an educational institution that is most vital in the lives of those whom it touches. In our Christian schools we have activities for train- ing and inspiration which are necessary moulding factors. How- ever the greatest power lies in the atmosphere and spirit around the place. Life on College Hill is a big life and full of work. Going to -College means infinitely more than packing a trunk, leaving home and finding a room and books at the other end. We believe in training the whole being and therefore programs, so- cial functions, physical exercise, and religious activities are all fostered. But the biggest thing on College Hill is not taught nor can we convey it on paper for it must be caught. It is the result of all things worthwhile in books, in or- ganizations, and in character, the unconscious influence, a Christian atmosphere. The Student Volunteers or- ganized for the year with the fol- lowing officers elected: President, Ezra Wenger; Vice President, A. C. Baugher; Secretary, Sara C. Shisler; Asst. Secretary, L. Anna Schwenk ; Treasurer, Chester Royer; Chorister, Ephraim Meyer. A number of Volunteers who were away from school, teaching are back again. We have seven- teen members now, the largest number we have ever had at the beginning of the school year. All are eager and willing workers and by the Spirit's strength and guid- ance much service can be rendered. Mission study has been or- ganized for the Fall Term with a good enrollment. Instead of hav- ing the classes on Saturday even- ing as formerly, the work is of- fered as a regular study of the curriculum and the classes meet ev- ery Thursday at 3:00 P. M. Rev. Hassler, a returned mis- sionary from Africa favored us with a visit Setember the twenty- second and twenty-third. He was here last year and gave us helpful messages. Those of us who knew him were glad to welcome him back, and all appreciated his mes- sages. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 11 On Sunday, September twenty- eight Prof. Ober spoke at the Children's Day at Bareville, Prof. Meyer preached at Ringold in the Antietam Congregation, and Prof. Nye gave the address at Children's Day in the Denver Church. Messrs. A. C. Baugher, Ezra Wenger, Ephraim Meyer and Ches- ter Royer spent the week-end of September twenty-seven and eight giving programmes in the Antie- tam congregation, Franklin county. The meetings were held in the Ringold, Waynesboro and Rouzer- ville churches. The following pro- gram was rendered at Waynesboro on Sunday morning: Character- istics of the Christian, Ephraim Meyer; Witnessing for Christ, A. C. Bangher; The Enlargement of our Horizon, Ezra Wenger; Special music was also given. "The great world's heart is aching, aching fiercely in the night. And God alone can heal it, and God alone give light; And the men to hear that mes- sage, and to speak the living word, Are you and I, my brothers, and the millions that have heard. Can we close our eyes to duty? Can we fold our hands at ease, While the gates of night stand open to the pathways of the seas? Can we shut up our compas- sions? Can we have our pray- ers unsaid, Till the lands which sin has blasted have been quenched from the dead?" We are always glad to have our missionaries on furlough, visit with us. It is a good opportunity to get acquainted with them and at the same time they always have help- ful messages. It was our privilege to have Dr. and Mrs. Wampler with us September thirty. A large audience greeted them in the Col- lege Chapel at 8:00 p. m. Dr. Wampler gave an illustrated lec- ture on the sanitary conditions of China and what the Christian doctors are doing to prevent and cure diseases. The pictures to- gether with an interesting explana- tion of each one made China's present conditions very real and her call to the Christian church, very loud. The origin and spread of di- seases and plaques in China is due to her ignorance about disease germs. The medical missionaries are doing a remarkable work by illustrated talks and other teaching in bringing about more healthful conditions, A number of slides em- phasized the need for sanitation in China. One picture showed a fruit stand on the side of a filthy street. Dust, flies, and even often a dis- eased vendor infect this food and the purchasers suffer. Then, too, other pictures showed the results of teaching and of medical skill. The slides were so arranged as to show the needs first, then the re- sults of work done among the Chinese, and ended with the picture of Shansi's doctors, six in number before Dr. Wampler left but only three there now to care for the millions in their territory. The need for doctors is very urgent 12 OUR COLLEGE TIMES but Dr. Wampler tells us that at present there is only one young man in Medical College in prepara- tion for the field and he has only begun his course. Each field needs one or more and only one is in sight now. Bro. Wampler's were also with us in Chapel the following morn- ing. Dr. Wampler in a forceful way presented China's need of workers according to the "different gifts" of men and women. Evan- gelists, educators, and doctors are most needed but mechanics, engineers, architects and business men are needed too. There is no need for an agricultural mission- ary in China now as the Chinese are good farmers and raise more per acre than the Americans do. But there is a present need for a business man to care for the finances and attend to the book- keeping work of the different sta- tions, and also to attend to the transportation of goods from the coast to the mission stations. The attitude of the government officials of Shansi is very encourag- ing. China's womanhood is ad- vancing. Everything foretells a great day for China in the near future if the Christian Church fol- lows the Son of Man as He goes forth to claim her for His kingdom. — S. C. S. School News Hurrah for Volley Ball! Miss Ziegler, in Rhetoric — The rabbits are below you. Miss Brubaker, in Rhetoric — What was the name of the "crick"? Quite a few students are en- rolled in the sewing course. Miss Martz thinks some people are a "Boone" to all mankind. Miss Esther Clapper visited her home in the Cumberland Valley. Miss Ruth G. Taylor was enter- tained by friends in Ephrata re- cently. Miss Blanche E. Arbegast, of Mechanicsburg, visited recently on College Hill. Miss Kathryn Stauffer was visited by her parents on Saturday, September 27. Miss Myer in Reading, while speaking of a monotone — Get off and rattle it up. Miss Jessie Oellig motored to her home in Waynesboro recently with Prof. Meyer and family. Fringed gentians have appeared among us, making us realize that autumn is close at hand. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 13 Misses Laura Hershey and Eliza- beth Trimmer, of Lititz, spent a week-end at their homes recently. Miss Florence Moyer stopped off for a brief visit with us on her way to Manchester College, Ind. One evening the girls were play- ing base ball when Miss Fenninger remarked "Must we run to all four bases." The trees will soon be putting on their fall dresses. We may then ex- pect some beautiful scenery in our vicinity. We enjoyed Dr. Wampler's visit very much. May he have God's choicest blessings in his work in China. "How do you like the new hour program," is a common question on the hill these days. The answer usually is "Fine." A small barn owl was captured last evening on the third floor of Alpha Hall by Mr. Baugher. The owl will be given to the biology class. Oliver Zendt's studious nature was only revealed when he absent- mindedly walked into public speaking while studying his spell- ing lesson. we are always glad to welcome back old students. The work of the physical culture classes is largely out-door this term. Hikes, games, etc., take the place of the work in the gymna- sium. The students are grateful for the change. Before Mr. John Graham left for his work at Bethany, he gave some very splendid advice to the stu- dent-body at chapel exercises. We wish Mr. Graham much success in his new school home. Many of the students are taking advantage of the course in Mission Study. Credit is given for this the same as regular school work. This ought to mean much to the future missionary history of our church. We wonder who the obliging gentlemen were who so kindly car- ried the ice cream freezer to the basement on the night of the faculty reception. We imagine that Profs. Myer and Nye might be able to give us informaton on the above. Some of the French students are finding it rather difficult to acquire a good French account. The other day Monsieur Eckroth talked about 'un liver (livre) and Miss Henning was heard to greet one of the gentlemen thus — "Oui, Madem- oiselle Baum." Rudolph Zeigler, a former stu- The tennis Courts are popular dent visited here over the week- places on these lovely Autumn end of September 20. Come again; days. Nearly all the students have 14 OUR COLLEGE TIMES joined the tennis association. A schedule for playing has been made out and much benefit is de- rived from the game. ^ Listen to what one of the poets has to say of Autumn: "A haze on the far horizon, The infinite, tender sky, The rich, ripe tints of the Cornfield, And the wild geese sailing high. And all over upland and lowland The charm of the golden rod. Some of us call it Autumn, And others call it God." A most enjoyable corn roast was tendered the students recently. They hiked to a school house a few miles from here. While there, they played games and when supper was announced no one needed to be urged to join in. Prof. Via was chief cook. He served us with roasted sweet potatoes, roasting ears, sandwiches and grapes. Ev- erybody had a very delightful time. Thursday evening, September 25, a reception was tendered the students by the faculty in Music Hall. The students were presented to each member of the faculty. Music and conversation made the time pass pleasantly. The hall was beautifully decorated with vines. Dainty refreshments were served, after which the students said "bor- ne nuit." It goes without saying that every one had a good time. There is a fine spirit manifested by the students toward the literary society. Nearly every boarding stu- dent has joined and several day students. We would like to see one hundred per cent of the student- body, members of the literary so- ciety. Bro. Jacob Via, a brother to Prof. Via, conducted our chapel ex- ercises for us. His remarks were timely and well taken. — R. W. — E. M. A. Our School Departments Our Revised Schedule of Recitations Elizabethtown College has had a steady and healthy growth of nine- teen years and the dreams of the original founders as to the possi- bility of a "College" are gradually being realized. The school began to offer full College subjects about twelve years ago. Due to the high standards of work which the teachers required of advanced stu- dents, the students usually pursued three years of work here, and by transferring their credits, ceuld, by finishing the Senior Year's work in a recognized College, be gradu- ated in full standing from that in- stitution. The trustees perceiving that the psychological moment was at hand for putting forth strenuous efforts for endowing and fully standardizing the College, la«nch- OUR COLLEGE TIMES 15 ed this campaign at the opening of the year 1919. In harmony with this same movement of increasing the quality and effectiveness of the work of the school, two important changes were made at the opening of the present school year. The faculty voted to limit definitely the number of studies a student might pursue and to adopt a program of recitations each one hour in length. The number of studies per term for preparatory students is limited to six. This means about eighteen or twenty hours of recitation work per week. College students are limited to seventeen hours per week. The advantages of this scheme are obvious and may be briefly stated as follows : First, the student can do more thorough and effective work; Secondly, if stu- dents desire to transfer their cred- its to other recognized colleges, their units of credit will be more readily accepted. Thirdly, it as- sists in conserving the health of the student. Fourthly, it affords the student more time and opportunity to engage in other vital school functions; such as, physical recrea- tion, using the library, performing worthy literary society work, en- gaging in mission study and mis- sion work and participating in re- ligious activities. The advantages of the hour re- citation period accrue chiefly to our Pedagogical and Classical stu- dents. While there may be a pedagogical disadvantage in hav- ing hour recitations for the younger preparatory students who are pur- suing subjects which require con- siderable drill the teacher at his option may still meet his students four and five times per week and may adjust the work to secure the greatest advantages. One of the leading advantages of the hour recitation is that since all college credits are reckoned in terms of hours, it greatly facilitates this work. Furthermore, if a stu- dent desires to transfer credits to other schools the comparison of systems and courses is more readily made. Secondly since effective college work requires considerable library research work and laboratory work, the hour plan gives the stu- dent ample time for preparation. He recites fewer times in a week; hence his preparation period for the single session is lengthened and is also more continuous. He can therefore prepare more intensively and more extensively. It is as- sumed that the young man and woman in College devotes at least twice as much time in the prepara- tion and assimilation of a single lesson as the time of his actual recitation period calls for. Thirdly, the hour plan gives a longer period in a single session for intensive teaching. A forty-minute period, allowing a certain number of minutes for the students to pass between classrooms, affords a rather short space of time for en- larging upon an important or tech- nical subject under consideration. It gives more time for the review of previous lessons, for the pre- sentation of the new lesson and for a preview of the following assign- ment. 16 OUR COLLEGE TIMES On the whole, the limited pro- gram of studies and the hour plan of recitations combined with thor- ough application and persistent ef- fort on the part of the student will result in greater efficiency on the part of the student and of the school as has been determined by an actual test. The new hour schedule has now been in effect about three weeks. A practical test of the efficiency of the work under the new regime was con- ducted by two of the professors. Some very valuable information was obtained by it. The following are some of the generalizations that were derived : It was shown that under the new regime 55 per cent, of the students study more, all told, while 42 per cent, study about the same amount. In comparing the hour recitation with the forty-five minute recitation plan it was found that 88 per cent, preferred the former to the latter, 9 per cent, had no preference and only 3 per cent, preferred the lat- ter to the former. As to leisure 50 per cent of the students thought they had more under the new plan while 40 per cent thought they had about the same amount. Of all the answers given, 82 per cent, incorporated the idea that greater actual results were being accomplished under the new schedule. The following are some of the typical reasons given by the students themselves for this con- clusion: The study period was not intercepted so frequently; more work can be accomplished during the class recitation period; since the period is longer more benefit can be derived from the lesson; there is more time for outside study; there is more time to pre- pare the lesson, even though it is longer; there is, more time to stick to the work, since a task begun can be finished by uninterrupted ef- fort; there is more time for work in the Library; since there are not so many interruptions, the time can be better conserved, that is, a con- tinuous period of reasonable length in study insures greater results than an aggregate of shorter periods; the work may be accom- plished more easily; that is, by the expenditure of less energy for the same amount of work ; the student can concentrate better; by spend- ing more time on one lesson, each lesson becomes a more complete unit of thought. This brief sum- mary of answers seems to justify fully the continuation of the new program. A number of new courses are of- fered during the fall term, to be followed by a number of other new Courses in the Winter and Spring Terms. In Education a new course is offered in Observation and Re- ports to students who have never taught. All such students will ob- serve recitations in the town schools and in nearby country schools. They will be required to bring written reports and con- structive criticisms of recitations observed. In Religious Education the courses in Teacher-Training and Missions are receiving greater em- pkasis and hence greater recogni- tion. The First Course in Teacher- OUR COLLEGE TIMES n Training to be followed by the Second Course in the Winter Term are offered on a higher basis of thoroughness so that students can present these credits toward the completion of all our preparatory Courses including the Pedagogical Courses. Courses in Missions are given for Preparatory and College Credit. There are tv^o grades of Mission Study for Preparatory Credit — an introductory and an ad- vanced Course. A College Course in Mission Study is also offered. An advanced Course in the Book of Matthew is offered for College Credit in Bible Study. In College Work in History a new Course is offered in Medieval Euro- pean History based chiefly on Dr. Lynn Thorndike's text. This text is supplemented principally by Robinson's Readings in European History, Volume I. References are also given in the texts of Emerson, Adams, Bryce, Harding and other authorities on the Middle Ages. The members of the class are also required to read biographies and classics of this period and present written reports and constructive criticisms upon them. Throughout the course the moral, social, in- dustrial, cultural as well as the political aspects of the subject are emphasized. Special attention is also given to the contributions of medieval peoples and institutions to our modern development. In Social Science new courses are offered in social Psychology and Economics. The course in So- cial Psychology is based chiefly on Ross' text supplemented by class reports on assigned psychological questions. This course deals with the psychic factors in human so- ciety. It studies the various forms of association; the need of social coordination and control ; the part played by instinct, feeling, intel- lect, imitation, sympathy ; the na- ture of the social mind, social con- sciousness, public opinion and popular will; the phenomena of mob mind, custom, conventionality, fashion, social suggestion and valu- ation ; law and belief as means of social control ; the genesis and maintenance of the ethical ele- ments in social control. This course is to-be followed by a new course in Educational Sociology in the Winter Term and a new course in Rural Sociology in the Spring Term. The Course in Economics is based chiefly on Bullock's Introduction to the Study of Economics, supple- mented by collateral readings in Bullock's Select Readings in Eco- nomics, Seager's Principles of Eco- nomics and Turner's IntroductiDn to Econo-mics, This is an ' intro- ductory course designed for the needs of the general student. A rapid survey of the Economic His- tory of the United States is given. A comprehensive study is made of our American system of produc- tion, transportation, exchange and consumption of economic goods. Questions of national and inter- national finance and the leading economic problems of the present day will be discussed. — H. H. N. 18 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Society Notes The meetings of the Keystone Literary Society are very interest- ing and well attended. Twenty- nine new members joined the So- ciety at our first public meeting. It is interesting to note that the same number were admitted at the first meeting in the fall of 1918. We bid welcome to these new students and hope they will take advantage of their new opportuni- ties and enjoy the work of the So- ciety. The following is a record of the programs rendered during the first month of this school year: Regular Program, Sept. 5, 1919 Song, Star Spangled Banner, So- ciety; Discussion, Why I Belong to the Keystone Literary Society, Ephraim Meyer, Eva Arbegast, Clarence Sollenberger, A. C. Baugher, M. Ada Douty; Paper, Life of Beethoven, written by Mary Bixler, Sarah Royer; Music, The Last Hope, Victrola; Recitation, The Charge on Old Hundred, Mary Henning; Music, The Land of the Sky, blue Water, Victrola. Regular Program, Sept. 12, 1919 Music, O Columbia, Society; Reading, A School of Early Days, Oliver Zendt; Essay, Physical Edu- cation in Our Colleges, Daniel Baum; Piano Solo, When the Lights are Low, Anna Enterline; Address, Prof. H. H. Nye; Recita- tion, The Best Cow in Peril, Flor- ence Shenk. Bird Program, Sept. 19, 1919 Music, Society; Reading, To a Waterfowl, Raymond Wenger; Talk, My Favorite Bird, Daniel Myers; Reading, To a Bobolink, Elizabeth Trimmer; Music, Girls' Sextette, Wood Bird; Bird Quizz, Supera Martz; Reading, To a Sky- lark, Mildred Baer; Talk, My Favorite Bird, L. Anna Schwenk substituting for Ella Booz. Private Meeting, Sept. 27, 1919 The following officers were elected to serve during the month of October: President, Mildred Baer; Vice President, Paul Weng- er; Secretary, Stanley Ober; Treas- urer, Daniel Myers; Chorister, Emma Ziegler; Critic, Prof. H. A. Via. Alumni Notes Autumn is the great school time Gertrude Miller, B.E., '12; Mary of the year, the time when many Hershey, Pd.B., '15; Owen Her- faces turn toward the goal of ^^^^^ p^^p^ ,^5. j^^^ Hershey, learnmg. The followmg alumni were welcome guests on College ^^^P" '1^' Henry Hershey, Prep., Hill recently; Inez Byers, B.E., '17; '17; and John Graham, Pd.B., '17. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 19 "God took the fragrance of myriad flowers. The soul of the morning, the shade of the bowers. He plucked from the sunset the the line of its shading, The song from the brook and the bird's serenading; God took the quiet and peace of the fountain, The truth of the hills and the strength of the mountains. He bound them in faith that will ne'er break nor perish, And gave them to us in the friends that we cherish." The following persons who were students at the College last year are teaching in the public schools of Lancaster, Lebanon and Montgomery counties : Marie Myers, Hattie Eberly, Elizabeth Gibbel, Emma Zook, Kathryn Zug, Fanny Brubaker, Sallie Royer, Esther Hull, Mary Sloat, Martha Oberholtzer, Minerva Rettew, Edith Arnold, Jennie Shope, Nathan Meyer, Bertha Price, I. W. Taylor, Jr., Ruth Bucher, Minnie Myer and Rudolph Zeigler. Ac- cording to reports they are enjoy- ing their work. Although the force which has recently represented E. C. in the public schools of our land has been depleted by Cupids wooing and the lure of further pedagogical train- ing, the following are following their chosen profession: Lillian B«cker, B.E., '14; Isaac Kreider, A.B., '11, Denver, Pa.; Jacob Myers, A.B., Pd.B., '11, Hanover. Pa.; J. D. Reber, A.B., '14, Erie, Pa.; L. D. Rose, A.B., Pd.B., '10, Uniontown, Pa.; Amos Geib, A.B., Pd.B., '09, Klar, Pa.; E. Merton Crouthamel, A.B., Prep., '11; But- ler, Pa.; Scott Smith, A.B., '17, Nesquehoning, Pa. ; Rebekah Shaefer, A.B., Pd.B., '13, Ephrata, Pa. In addition to the twelve mem- bers of our present faculty, we are represented in the schools of high- er education by C. L. Martin, A.B., Pd.B., '13, at Mercersburg, Pa.; Gertrude Miller, B.E., '12, at Ma- pherson, Kansas, and Luella Fogel- sanger, Pd.B., '06, at Juniata Col- lege, Pa. A number of our Alumni have turned their faces towards other institutions of learning for further work. The list the editor has at hand includes the following names: John Kuhns, B.E., '14, Franklin & Marshall, Lancaster, Pa. ; Florence Moyer, Sara Beahm and John Her- shey. Prep., '16, will attend North Manchester College, Ind.; Inez Byers, B.E., '17, Anna Wolgemuth, Bus., '08 and John Graham, Pd.B., '17 will attend Bethany Bible School, Chicago, 111.; Anna Ruth Eshleman, Prep., '17, is attending Juniata College, Huntingdon, Pa.; Owen Hershey, Prep., '15, is plan- ning to complete the Classical Course at University of Pennsyl- vania this year. The editor desires information concerning the Khaki lads who have been transferred to civilian life. I know you will respond. Thank you! — E. B. OUR COLLEGE TIMES IT PAYS TO ADVERTISE IN OUR COLLEGE TIMES IT PAYS TO BUY FROM OUR ADVERTISERS W. S. SMITH, President PETER N. RUTT, Vice Pres. AARON H. MARTIN, Cashier U. S. DEPOSITORY EUZABETHTOWN NATIONAL BANK CAPITAL $100,000.00 SURPLUS & PROFITS 132,000.00 General Accounts Solicited Interest Paid On Special Deposits Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent W. S. Smith F. W. Groff E. C. Ginder DIRECTORS: Elmer W. Strickler J. S. Risser Amos P. Coble Peter N. Rutt B. L. Geyer E. E. Coble <O0000OCX)00OO0000O0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 Volume XVI Number 2 EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief I. S. Hoffer Associate Editor Ezra Wenger Departmental Editor H. H. Nye Alumni Editor Edna E. Brubaker Religious News Contributor Sara Shisler Society News Contributor L. Anna Schwenk School News Contributors \ ^ * i ttt [ Raymond Wenger Business Manager H. A. Via Assistant Business Manager A. C. Baugher Our College Times is published month y during the Academic year by Elizabeth- town College. This paper will have to be discontinued as soon as the time of subscription expires as an action of the United States legislature. Please renew in time and report any change of address to the business manager. Subscription rates one dollar per year; fifteen cents per copy; six subscriptions $5.00. Entered as second-class matter April 19, 1919, at the Elizabethtown Postoffice. Editorials In This Issue The Alumni Editor presents this month an account of the men and women who have gone from Eliza- bethtown College to labor in the various mission fields of the world. The number is not large but it represents, in a tangible way, some of the fruits of the labors of those who have given of their time and effort to Elizabethtown College during the past twenty years. The new viewpoint in education is presented in the Departmental Editor's column. Socialization is a comparatively new word in educa- tion ; the idea itself was incorpor- ated into the teachings of Jesus al- most two thousand years ago. Gradually, but slowly, the world is OUR COLLEGE TIMES coming to recognize the validity of Christian ideals. We are planning to present each month a contribution from some one of our school departments. Last month a general outlook of the year's work was presented; this month we hear from the Peda- gogical Department. Other depart- ments, to be heard from later, are the Natural Science, Physical Sciences, Mathematics, Bible, Lan- guages, etc. We hope thus to give you some idea of the work done in our classrooms. Missionary Visits Our school is proud of the dozen and more Missionaries whch have gone from here to the Foreign Mis- son Field, to say nothing of the scores of Mission workers at home. The very fact that so many of our Alumni are filling such places of service serves as a constant driv- ing force to those here at school. To the teachers it gives renewed energy and determination to give of their best to the students. To the students it serves as a challenge to overcome all barriers and pre- pare more thoroughly for larger service. But when those who have been in actual service abroad, come back and bring to us a report of what they have done and how they are being used of the Lord, it means ever so much more. These Mis- sionaries tell us in their simple way how Elizabethtown College has really served them. To them the motto, "Educate for service," is no longer a mere mott», printed uport the chapel wall, but it has become part of their own experience. They have lived it. They know what it means to use their education for service. They realize that the vitalizing factor in education is not so much in itself as in the end for which it is used. More than this, the Missionary visitors prove to us that the other ideals for which we stand are also practical and can be applied in any part of the world. They have dis- eminated this spirit in every lo- cality in which they have lived and worked. Of course when the visit- ors come they give us interesting accounts of travel, etc., but the most important part is their own personal testimonial for the school. Were it not for these things we would lose faith in our ideals and principles. But now we know they are true. We know they are prac- tical. They have been tried. Why a Church College? In a recent number of this periodical we tried to show that our school is inseparably bound up Math our Church and its welfare, and we suggested that the aims of Christian education, as held by our Church leaders, could better be realized at Elizabethtown than at other schools. Suppose, twenty-five years ago, two boys had been taken in their i: 'fancy from the same home and placed, the one into an English, tlic^ other into a German home. And suppose that they had studied the OUR COLLEGE TIMES same things at school, for the same length of time and with equal thoroughness, so far as possible. Regardless of this attempt at similarity in the content of their training, one of those boys would have grown up to be an English- man, the other a German — enemies, perchance, seeking each other's life in a cause which he. considered worthy. If we analyze this result we find that the outcome of an education depends not alone upon the sub- jects taught. Our courses afford the same amount of mathematics, science, history, languages, etc., as the standards of schools of similar standing require. Yet we expect the students who study these sub- jects at our school to become dif- ferent men and women than if they took the same work elsewhere. The fact is that the value of school- training depends to a very large ex- tent upon the interpretation put upon the subjects learned and upon the environment under which the student lives. Occasionally, we hear of schools which hold the reputation for being centers of unbelief and atheism. The source of such an influence is the teacher. His personality, his influence are most potent in the life of the student. The teacher is one factor of the student's environment. Other factors, such as companions^ forms of recreation, physical sur- roundings, religious atmosphere, etc, etc. have their influence as well. All these must be considered in the selection of a school when the welfare of our youth is at stake. Now, no school is quite so well prepared to furnish the environ- ment desired by the people of our Church as a school where the at- mosphere is that of the Church of the Brethren and where the sur- roundings are in keeping "with the standards of our Church. Our young people deserve an education and they deserve the best to be had. They have been reared in homes where temperate living is the rule ; consequently they possess sound bodies which form the basis for well-trained minds. The best is none too good for them. May those who have the welfare of the Church of the Brethren at heart strive to make Elizabethtown Col- lege the best college in this com- munity and thus provide for their children the best possible means of education. Endowment Campaign Notes The solicitors encountered rainy weather and bad roads during the past few weeks. Twelve congre- gations in Southern Pennsylvania and eleven in Eastern Pennsylvania are now solicited. These congre- gations represent a total member- ship of 4045. This is one-third of the total memership of the two dis- tricts. All the mission points of the OUR COLLEGE TIMES two state districts are canvassed. A few congregations have fallen below their quota. This means that a united effort is needed on the part of our congregations to stand- ardize Elizabethtown College. Six congregations have gone over the top in their contributions and thus the average has very nearly been kept. If the remain- ing congregations give their sup- port like the first twenty-three we shall attain the goal and have an institution on College Hill of which our two state districts may justly be DFoud. Elder G. N. Falkenstein and Pro- fessor R. W. Schlosser made a fly- ing tour in the college Ford through Perry and Mt. Olivet congregations in Perry county. Elders C. H. Steerman and W. H. Miller served as pilots and proved to be splendid helpers in the work. 'Several hun- dred miles were covered on this trip. These churches are under the direction of the District Mission Board, and are enthusiastic in the Lord's work. They subscribed a larger percentage of their quota than several of the large churches canvassed. The ink supply of a solicitor's pen gave out while at work in the Upper Cumberland church. The solicitor had the promise of a pledge for one hundred dollars but there was no ink in the house, no indelible pencil, and no one had even an ordinary lead pencil. What was to be done? The solicitor final- ly procured the family shoe polish bottle, dipped his pen into it, and filled out the pledge. Thus one signature to a note is in shoe polish. One week was spent in the Min- go congregation. The roads were very slippery but the homes of all the members were reached. This congregation nearly reached its quota. With a few subscriptions that are not in yet, the quota may be reached. This congregation turned in more subscriptions to the Student-Alumni fund than any other church canvassed thus far. The solicitors visited in the home of Bro. Nathan Hoffman, in Potts- town, Pa. It was here that those interested in the locating of the College at the time it was being founded, met and considered Potts- town as a probable site for the school. One of the first professors of the college was Bro. J. A. Seese. He is now living near Parkerford. He is still interested in Elizabethtown College and gave a nice sum to- ward the standardizing of the school. While in this neighborhood the homes of two pastors were visited in the interests of our Student Al- umni fund. Bro. A. M. Dixon and ^"ife of Parkerford were surprised on seeing one of their schoolmates call late one rainy evening. The neyt evening a call was mad^ at tie home of Bro. E. G. Diehm and 'v.'fe in Royersford. Both of these f.oi<ples were former students of Elizabetthown College. They gave OUR COLLEGE TIMES us their hearty co-operation in the enlarging of the scope of our ar tivities and wished us God speed in our work. The solicitors attended the Dis- crict Meeting of Southern Pennsyl •; nia held at Mechanicsburg, Cun> berland County. The delegate body was gratified in learning that the endowment campaign was suc- ceeding. Reports were given by Elder S. H. Hertzler, President of the Board of Trustees; by Elder L W. Taylor, Treasurer of the Col- lege ; and by Professor R. W. Schlosser, chairman of the Endow- ment Campaign. The Gibble Building fund is in- creasing but a united effort on the part of all the Gibble clan is neces- sary to place the Gibble' Science Hall on College Hill. About thir- teen hundred dollars was sub- scribed toward this fund in the Upper Cumberland congregation. The solicitors are pleased to re- port that nearly every home in the Upper Cumberland congregation subscribed. A number of students next year will hail from the vi- cinity of Huntsdale and Newville. Elder S. M. Stouffer very ably managed the work for this congre- gation, thus saving much time for the solicitors. Brethren Adam Basehore, Harry Sheaffer and John Gayman assisted nobly in the work. They kept us going, never stopping for rain or mud. Mohler house near Ephrata and solicit in the Spring Grove congre- gation immediately following the meeting. Then the remainder of November will be spent in the In- dian Creek, Springfield and Hat- field churches. This present campaign is a chal- lenge to the Church of the Brethren of Eastern and Southern Pennsyl- vania. We have one-ninth of the entire Brotherhood in these two districts. We have patrons enough, students enough, and money enough to have a first-class college on College Hill. Other denomina- tions have efficient schools to pre- pare young men and women for leadership. We can also have a standardized school if we WILL. Sacrifice on the part of every mem- ber will bring the end sought. If our church is to grow she must have a consecrated and train- ed leadership. Ninety-two per- cent of the ministers, missionaries, ard other Christian workers of other churches come out of the C hr'?tian College. Our college is needed to discover and enlist our young people to a life of conserva- tion. If the Church of the Brethren is to have a future she must edu- cate her young people. If the Church of the Brethren is to main- ta'P the teachings of the Lord, if sh • is to contend for the apostolic faith, she must educate her chil- dren under the influences of a CONSERVATIVE CHRISTIAN COLLEGE. The solicitors are planning to at- "To properly plant and nourish a tend the Ministerial Meeting at the Christian College is one of the high- 8 OUR COLLEGE TIMES est privileges of Christian men and women. If blessed is the man who plants a tree, then a hundred-fold more blessed is he that planteth a College, for there is no soil so pro- ductive as mind, and no seeds as fruitful as ideas. He who wishes to do the greatest possible good, and for the longest possible time, should nourish the fountains of learning, and help thirsting youth to the water." "Beating hearts are better than granite monuments." "A Christian college is the strategic point of effort for the Christian church. There you are dealing with the creative forces that make the future." "The outstanding function of the Christian College is the FREEDOM to teach RELIGION." — W. O. Thompson. "To secure trained LEADER- SHIP is the object of transcendent, urgent and world-wide concern." — John R. Mott. "The breath of its school chil- dren is the salvation of a nation." — Talmud. The world has yet to learn what can be done through education by colleges that are so fundamentally Christian as Elizabethtown College. — R. W. S. Literary Notes Autumn Touches in American Literature "Ay, thou art welcome, heaven's delicious breath! When woods begin to wear the crimson leaf. And suns grow meek, and the meek suns grow brief. And the year £:riiiles as it draws near its death. Wind of the sunny south! Oh, still delay In the gay woods and in the golden air." This is our nature poet's welcome to autumn. He also says, "The spoils of the forest are beautiful, spotting the grassy hillocks with colors of purple, gold and red." There are many beautiful flowers in autumn, such as the golden-rod, which Bishop Quayle, a native lover, says, "certain I am, that the autumn flowers riot in yellow hues. The autumn flowers seem never to forget a syllable of sunlight any- more than love forgets a syllable of wooing; and in the Fall blooming they rehearse all they have heard. So the sunflowers and black-eyed Susans and the golden-rod save up and rehearse the sunhine of the year. Bless them for their ten- acious memories." The Fringed Gentian is the fav- orite flower, which Bryant says, "is bright with the dew of autumn and the color is of the heavens own blue. Its sweet quiet eye looks OUR COLLEGE TIMES through the fringes to the sky so that it seems as if the flower has dropped from the blue sky." Autumn is the time to gather fruits, Which redden in the August noon, And drop, when gentle airs come by, That fan the blue September sky, While children come, with cries of glee. And seek them where the fra- grant grass Betrays their bed to those who pass, At the foot of the apple tree." George Arnold says, "At eve cool shadows fall. Across the garden wall And on the clustered grapes to pur- ple turning. And the pearly vapors lie Along the eastern sky, Where the broad harvest moon is redly looming." Autumn affords us many pleas- ures, such as the corn schocking and apple bees, where both young and old meet together. We must not neglect to mention that this is the time for nutting, the time as Helen Hunt Jackson says, "When chestnuts fall from Satin burs. Without a sound of warning. "Autumn is the time of the year when summer tresses of green are shed. The woods have put on their glory. The mountains unfold into a beautiful colored landscape. The giant kingly oaks are robed in pur- ple and gold. Every leaf is splashed with splendor. October brings a touch of early frost and the trees glow with jewels.' Little wonder, that Byrant has spoken so beautifully, "Ah! 'twere a lot too blessed Forever in thy colored shades to stray. Amid the kisses of the soft south- west To rove and dream for aye." The hope of spring is hid in autumn. "The leaves are swept from the branches; But the living buds are there. With folded flowers and foliage, To sprout in a kinder air." — E. K. The Boy's Program This program was rendered in Music Hall on Saturday evening, Ocober 18. The stage was arranged to represent a corn field. Along the front edge of the stage a worm fence was built. This was over- grown by wild honeysuckle and poison ivy. To the left of the stage was a large shock of husked corn. On the wall behind the stage, branches of green and red leaves were hung. This made a very beau- tiful background. It seemed as though we were looking at the trees from a distance, through the haze. In the middle of the stage was a shock of unhusked corn with a pile of corn beside it. All over the floor were scattered leaves and here and there was a dying pump- kin stalk with several pumpkins. A very unique feature was the "No Trespassing" sign on th« fence. This sign was removed when the program began and the announce- ment of the different members ap- 10 OUR COLLEGE TIMES peared on cards. To the left of audience a large welcome sign was placed. To the right of the audi- ence a few fall scenes were sketched on the board. The one showed people picking up apples while the other pictured a house and barn or home scene. The walls were tastefully decorated with corn stalks, while the lights were decorated with yellow leaves. This caused a mellow light to fall upon the scene making a reality of the depicted scene. At eight o'clock the program be- gan. The program was along agri- cultural lines. Each participant was dressed in farmer style. An address of welcome was given by Ezra Wenger in which he set forth the aim of the program. He said that it was intended to give the people a larger concept of farming and farm life. The selections by the quartet were suitable. The original dialogue by Messrs. Sollen- berger and Markey was very sug- gestive of farm life. Judging by the response of the audience the program was a suc- cess. — R. W. Religious News Miss Sara Replogle, an alumna, recently spent several days on Col- lege Hill visiting her friends, for- mer school associates and teachers. On Tuesday, October the seventh she conducted our chapel exercises, after which she delivered her fare- well message to the student body and faculty. In her inspiring and whole-hearted talk she impressed us with the idea that we should not be satisfied with anything less than a maximum education, well rounded and well grounded. We cannot obtain too much Christian education, for the more we receive the more will be expected of us. The world today demands a thor- ough preparation. Therefore be not in haste to discontinue your school life, but rather make use of every opportunity and remain in school as long as you possibly can. or at least be sure to have a mar- gin to fall back upon. Who can tell how many souls her message inspired to make thor- ough preparation so that they may be of the greatest Christian service. We wish her God's speed in her most worthy calling of spreading the Master's message in the hearts of our unsaved brothers in India. On the evening of the tenth of October Mr. and Mrs. William Glasmire were given a farewell re- ception in Music Hall. The social committee had arranged the hall k^ery artistically for the occasion. Professor Ober, as chairman of the gathering, introduced to the stu- dent body Mr. and Mrs. Glasmire as former faculty members and now missionaries for Denmark. They are the fiirst alumni who leave OUR COLLEGE TIMES 11 Elizabethtown College as mission- aries and as man and wife. Mrs. Glasmire renewed our ap- preciation for the opportunity of attending a Christian college. It was here that she found her Saviour. It was here that she be- gan to give Him faithful service in Church and Sunday School and wherever she was needed. Is it any wonder that He was pleased to call her into greater service in Den- mark? Mr. Glasmire, in his pleasing but forceful way, encouraged us to de- termine to cling to every task un- til it is finished. He said the world will either accept you as a worthy citizen or reject you as worthless in solving the largest problems of life and as a holder of any responsible position. Then, too, you must play fair every day, i. e., do unto others as you would have them do unto you. Both Mr. and Mrs. Glasmire are musicians and we believe that they will sing many souls to heaven. May their lives and words bring many unsaved Danish brothers to accept your Christ and my Christ. The Student Volunteers render- ed the following service on Satur- day evening, November the first, in the Mingo church, Montgomery County. "The Providential Prepa- ration of the World to Hear Christ" was discussed by Ezra Wenger. Miss Ada Douty spoke on, "The Deepening of the Spiritual Life." These discussions w^re followed by a talk, "The Propagation of the Faith," by David Markey. The last feature was a discussion "Our Present and Future," by Miss Sara Sh:"sler. On Sunday morning, November i.he second ,they attended the In- c:ian Creek church, where they l.articipated in a missionaiy pr> j^ram. Miss Shisler spoke on, "The Religion of Daily Life." Mr. Markey spoke of, "World Facts." Mr. Wenger defined, "Our Part in the Forward Movement." On Sunday afternoon they took part in a temperance program at the above named place. Miss Douty gave a reading, "The Boy with the Loaves." Mr. Markey spoke to the children, especially. Five minute talks on, "Temperance Reforms" were given in which Miss Shisler participated. The conclud- ing number was an address, "Meet- ing Temptation" by Mr. Wenger. — E. G. M. School News Miss Fogelsanger spent a week- end at her home in the Cumberland Valley recently. Mr. and Mrs. C. P. Keeney visited their son, Walter, on Fri- day October 10. Who are the best apple pickers on the hill? Messrs. Zook and Zendt, nicht war? 12 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Miss Shisler, in the Dining Room, "I was working and did not get anything accomplished." Miss Anna Brubaker visited her sister, Miss Edna Brubaker, of the faculty, over Halloween. Miss Lottie Nies, of Lititz, Pa., was among the out of town guests at the Halloween party. One evening, shortly after the musicale. Miss Hannah Sherman was heard singing, **Zum, Zum, Zum, Zook, ook, Zum." It gives us great satisfaction to see our friends from town at our literary society programs. Come again, and bring others along. The faculty saw fit to grant Mr. David H. Markey permanent social privileges at the beginning of this fall term. Lucky, Lucky, Davy! Mr. Ekroth in Zoology, when asked what is meant by metamor- phosis; "Metamorphosis are the es- sential parts of an animal's life." How many new subscribers have you gotten for "Our College Times?" Everybody ought to sup- port the school paper and thus make it really worth while. In philosophy class Prof. Myer was looking at some papers with student's initials on them. Said he, "Who is M. A. D.?" Miss Douty — "I am." L. Myer— "What about?" Mr. Samuel King, an alumnus and Messrs. John Herr and John Sherman, former students, visited here over the week-end of October 18. They were here for the boys' program. Their short stay was en- joyed by us. Prof. Meyer, Messrs. Wenger, Baugher and Meyer attended a lecture in Lebanon, on Oct. 23. The lecture was given by Congressman Fess. Mr. E. Wenger gave a short report of the lecture in Chapel the following morning. Miss Ruth Taylor very delight- fully entertained some of the girls on her birthday. Games, a con- test and above all, "eats" were on the program of the evening. When the last bell rang we went home feeling that it was good to have been there. Miss Helen G. Oellig who visited here recently gave us something to think about when she told us in Chapel that the destiny of our Col- lege and in a measure the destiny of our church depends on us as stu- dents. It ought to make each one of us more keen to help bear that responsibility. We were quite sorry that one of our staff, Miss Anna Schwenk, be- came ill with appendicitis. She was taken to the Joseph Price hos- pital in Philadelphia, where she was operated upon. At this writ- ing her condition is very much im- proved and all her friends wish her a speedy return to health. Her OUR COLLEGE TIMES 13 editorial work has been assumed by Miss Ada G. Young. The first number of our lecture course was held in Market House Hall on October 29. It was an un- qualified success. The Welsh male quartette is a musical organization of high merit and each number of their program was enthusiastically received by the large audience. "Believe me if all Those Endearing Young Charms," "Whispering Hope," and "Auntie Skinner's Chicken Dinner" were among their most popular numbers. The reader was enjoyed and we feel that ev- ery one received his money's worth and more. We are always glad to have our friends come and enjoy these good things with us. We were fortunate in having Brother Galen B. Royer of Juniata College to conduct our chapel ex- ercises for us one day recently. He gave us a very helpful talk on "The Crime of Choosing Second Best." He told us that we may be com- mitting a great crime against so- ciety if we stop before we have a well-rounded education. Suppose Lincoln or our own Church leader James Quinter had been satisfied with second best, what effort would that have had on present day so- ciety. We must never be quilty of saying "Oh, what's the use?" We feel that Elder Royer's remarks were very timely and should be heeded by us. charge of the different teams. The result of his coaching is seen in the team work of the players. The field is in splendid condition for playing. With the basket ball sea- son only a short time off we look forward with eager anticipation for the opening of the season. We urge the students to pick their favorite team and then support it. We are planning to place three teams on the floor^ We are looking forward to tEe time when we shall have a well-equipped gymnasium and an athletic field, well laid out. A vigorous mind can only develop in a sound physical body. A most delightful Halloween so- cial was held for the students in the "gym" on Friday evening, October 30. The place was pro- fusely decorated with corn fodder and pumpkins. As the guests en- tered, each had his fortune told. This provided a great deal of fun. No less amusing were the shadow- pictures. Other merriment was provided by introducing some old- fashioned games. Delicious re- freshments appropriate to the sea- son were served. The grand march at the conclusion was led by Miss Brubaker and Mr. Meyer. All en- joyed the songs led by Mrs. Via, and as we bade each other good night we all decided it had been a very pleasant evening. The boys are playing soccer ev- ery afternoon. Prof. Hoffer has On Saturday morning, October the eleventh, the student body was given a pleasant surprise. We were going on an apple outing. The party started at eight o'clock. We 14 OUR COLLEGE TIMES were conveyed in a large lumber truck to the orchard, six miles northwest of town. The morning was beautiful and the ride was en- joyed by all. Upon arriving at the orchard we set to work. We were divided into sections of four with one boy as a leader. The girls picked from the ground while the boys climbed the trees. The apples were graded and measured by a number of teachers under the direction of Prof. Ober. At noon, dinner was served un- der a large apple tree. The eat- ables disappeared all too quickly before this crowd of hungry workers. All told one hundred and thirty bushels of apples were picked. I am sure we shall enjoy eating those apples because of our own effort in the work. On October 20 it was our privilege to have with us one of our former teachers, Miss Markley, who now lives in New York. At present Miss Markley is serving as secretary to the Board of Education of the Lutheran Church. Out of her large experience in war work she gave us a splendid talk. We think it was so good that we want to pass it along to you. She said that the war has been a searchlight for the past, present and future. Then she turned the searchlght on our industrial conditions. During the month of September America alone had 346 strikes. They do not de- note mad greed but the fact that we still misunderstand one another. Our human relationship must be adjusted. Our educational world has changed since the war. It does make a difference what we believe. "Erroneous opinions are almost as dangerous as sin." We must be trained as individuals who have re- sponsibility. The searchlight of war has been turned on the Church. It is easy k) bring charges against the church but difficult to remedy con- ditions. Men usually criticize the externalities in the Church because they can't get at the spirit. The searchlight has shown us that the spirit of religion must be lived anew by us. From the standpoint of the individual, the war has re- vealed new truths. We see the fallacy of the theory that we are not responsible to society. We are responsibly for our share of the world's work and we can't avoid it by saying "I didn't think," or "I don't know." Our School Departments The New Education Every epoch of history has main- tained a viewpoint of Education pe- culiar to itself. This is found to be true from the time of the childhood of the race down to the present era. The modern era of education has shown three distinctive types of educational theory: the school of psychology has emphasized the OUR COLLEGE TIMES 15 study of psychical activities and has made method the dominant factor in the educational process; the scientific school has emphasized science, as its name suggests, and has made the content of the curricu- lum, the dominant factor; the so- ciological school has been em- phasizing the study of the newer social sciences in order to ascer- tain the needs of society, and at- taches supreme importance to the aim of education. All educational thought prior to the oncoming of the present so- ciological school received its in- spiration from psychology. All s(ady centered upon the individual, since the study of the individual mind was the source of determin- ing the method to be employed by the teacher in helping the child to make the most of himself. Every theory of education, all the books on management and method, and every conception of the educational process manifested the dominance of the individual viewpoint. The pur- pose of education was to give the pupil right ideas with reference to his conduct and to train him in the art of living, in short it was the self-improvement of the individual. The new group of thinkers who are regulating the educational forces at present are interested primarily in the study of society, particularly in sociology which is the core of the newer social sciences. This method of study deals with the groups of society, bearing in mind especially their needs and aims. This school raises the question of the educational values of studies. This has led to the introduction of new studies into the curriculum and to the reorganization or elimination of the older ones. Scarcely any old study remains in the curriculum which has not had some elimina- tions or additions. The newer courses minimize the humanistic studies and give a prominent place to the social sciences. In all these changes may be seen the shifting of atten- tion from the emphasis on the in- dividual to the needs of society. The individual will still be trained, however, not so much to- ward the end of mere self-improve- ment, but the school aims to offer the largest democratic opportuni- ties for all and to prepare in- dividuals for efficient participation in all the activities of society. The new problem in education has come to be this: How may the school be- come the chief constructive force in the improvement of society and in the advancement of the public welfare? The school shall have its ideal purpose in the training of the youth to fill his place in the world of busy men as they are vigorously engaged in their economic, politic- al, social and religious pursuits. The pupil shall be made to see all relations of life and acquaint him- self with the processes of adjust- ment that he may be fitted to live completely in human society. The old idea of education im- plied teaching the elements of knowledge, training for citizenship, training men in the art of living and preparing them for an occupa- tion. The new education does all 16 OUR COLLEGE TIMES of these but does them not so much for the mere good of the individual as for the good of society as a whole. — H. H. N. Socialization as an Educational Objective The aim of education for cen- turies past has been individualistic and was thought of as consisting of a sound mind in a sound body. Thus the Greeks thought of educa- tion in the time of Socrates and Aristotle, and even to-day many educators still hold this narrow view. But there is a strong tendency leading away from the view that the individual is the end and means of education. The school is aiming more and more to get the child to do those things which are individually profitable and at the same time socially useful. The schools are widening their work by aiming to become an agency ready to act for the welfare of the com- munity. Their aim is to become socially efficient by making school and life one and the same con- tinuous process. This attaching of social meaning and value to all of the child's ac- tivities in school is what we mean by socialization as an educational objective. It implies a co-ordina- tion and organization of instincts so that the child will be able to adapt himself to others and to groups, and enjoy a life of sharing, a give and a take, a life of mutual complementation. These instincts are the raw materials in the child's original nature given him as a birthright, and the school aims to utilize and develop them so as to bring the child to realize that ne has a share in the activities of the corr.m unity and society in general. The school must aim to get the child to do things that are socially I! -^.e fill and individually profitable. It must aim to enable the pupil to get a grip upon himself and the world of men and things in order that he can use what he has ex- perienced, in making his life func- tion so that his "doings may be deeds and not misdeeds." The school must study the child, be- cause nothing gives such cogency to the idea of reform as to think of what it means to '"hildren and to future generations. This kind of study will result in better homes, better schools, better neighbor- hoods, etc. While the child is not exactly better than the world, his possibilities make us feel that the world ought to be better for his sake. So then when educators think of socalization as an educational objective they also become con- scious of the good of the child which in turn will have to result in a better environment for the child to live in. As the child becomes a person he also becomes a member of the ex- isting social order. We simply can- not keep the individual separate from society at large. And there- fore one of the most unreasonable things to do is to keep on letting the schools develop on the one side, that is on the outside, and OUR COLLEGE TIMES learning on the olher side, that is in- side the Gchooi. Th'd school of to- day must organize io3 larger social life directly and consciously. It must go out of its doors. It must use the factory, the stores, the meadows and fields, the museums, not incidently, but fully, freely, and with deliberation. The teacher must go to the market with her children. She must take her draw- ing class to the woods, the lakes, the streets, the open fields. She must bring into the school room the artist, the musician, the singer, tha advertiser, the picture man, the story teller. We will then change our notion that the school in a cloistered building or institution, by breaking down its walls and having it come into direct contact with real life. Our ultimate reliance in securing desirable types of social order, in which the child has to live, must be the education of the individual so that he may do things socially de- sirable. A system of morality or of moral standards adequate to support a complex civilization is a concern of the very highest im- portance. The Hedonistic system of morals, the ethics of pleasure, and the ethics of self-realization (This word is sometimes used in a very good sense as the realization of the highest self in a highly so- cialized group) have all failed and civilization has collapsed in the most civilized parts of the world. There has been too much emphasis upon self-culture and self develop- ment regardless of the welfare of others. Ths rising generation must be made to realize that man "liveth not to himself aione." It is only when socialization becomes the educative objective of the church, school, press and of all other edu- cative forces, only when the ethics of service and love ' implicit in C l:\ristianity has become the mo- tivating force, that continuous de- velopmfnt and progress is possible. As long as there are men, who, like the popular German teacher of so called Christian ethics at Jena Uni- versity, say that. "Germany fights in order that the Slav may know his place," so long the social order is on a low plane and socialization is only a dream. — J. G. Meyer. Society Notes September is in the past and Oc- tober, with its "Bright Blue Weather" is rapidly passing by. Our K, L, S., in contrast with na- ture, is taking on new life and vim. Three public programs were given. The attendance far exceed- ed the usual turn-out. The society held one private session for par- liamentary drill in which our presi- dent. Miss K. Mildred Baer, showed splendid ability. At this meeting the following officers were elected to serve during November: Presi- dent, Clarence Sollenberger; Vice 18 OUR COLLEGE TIMES President, Ira Brandt; Secretary, Hulda Holsinger; Critic, Prof. Nye. The following program was given October 4, 1919, entirely in charge of our girls of the K. L. S. The president recited an original poem of Welcome. Part I — Music, Maids of Long Ago, by a quartette, Hulda Hol- singer, Emma Zeigler, Laura Her- shey and Mrs. Via. Camp Fire Girls, another quartette, Harriet Bartine, Jessie Oellig, Louise Jeter and Sallie Fenninger; Reading, Af- ter the Quarrel, L. Anna Schwenk; Reading, The First Visit to the Butcher, Eva V. Arbegast. Part II — Songs of Seven by Jean Ingelow, read by Miss Crouthamel. Musical accompaniment by Miss Brenisholtz; Music, "Swinging 'Neath the Old Apple Tree," "Seven Times One," acted by Floy Schlosser; Music, "Mill May," "Seven Times Two," acted by Net- tie Wagner; Music, "Comin' Thru' The Rye," "Seven Times Three," acted by Edna Fogelsanger; Music, "Home, Sweet, Home," Seven Times Four, acted by Elizabeth Trimmer with Mildred and Helen Grace Meyer and Galen Schlosser; Music, "Whispering Hope," "Seven Times Five," acted by Vera Hack- man; Music, "Wedding March," "Seven Times Six;" Music, "A Home in Heaven," and "Seven Times Seven," both acted by Ada G. Young; Music by the Society, Auld Lang Syne ; Critics Remarks, Prof. Via. Prof. L. D. Rose an alumnus here on a visit gave a short address. . Boys' Keystone Literary Society Program Oct. 18, 1919 Music, Solo, "In an Old Fash- ioned Town," E. G. Meyer; Talk, "Ideal Farm Life," Ephraim Hertz- ler; Anecdotes from the Farm, John Boone; Music, "Massa's in De Cold Cold Ground," "Workers and Shirkers," Male Quartette ; Paper, Agriculture as an Industry, Henry Wenger; Pantomime, Old Ken- tuckey Home, Messrs. Boone, Myers, Brandt, Baum and R. Wen- ger; Recitation, "When the Frost is on the Pumpkins," Chester Royer; Original Dialogue, Clarence Sollen- berger and David Markey; Music, Fishing, Male Quartette; Critic's Remarks, Prof. Via. At both of these programs free will offerings were taken. The amount lifted will be used to purchase victrola records. Autumn Program Oct. 25, 1919 Music, Victrola Selection; Select Reading, "Tit for Tat," or "How Bill got Square," Mr. Ammon Get- tle ; Recitation, "October Weather," Miss Florence Shenk; Music, Vocal Solo, "Until the Dawn," Miss Sadie Hassler; Talk, "Autumn," Miss Ruth Taylor; Music, Victrola Selec- tion; Critic's Remarks, Prof. Via. Since our classes run on the basis of a six-day schedule, the society programs are rendered Saturday evenings. We cordially invite you all to our programs. —A. G. Y. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 19 Alumni Notes Our Missionary Alumni The editor has chosen to name our Missionaries and to give a brief account of their work. Brother and Sister John M. Pit- tinger, members of the Faculty of Elizabethtown College, 1903-1904 have represented us for the longest period of time in the oldest Mis- sion Field of the Church of the Brethren, India. At the same sta- tion, Dahanu, B. Mary Royer, Bi- ble '07, is located. Her work is largely the "personal touch." We are anticipating her furlough dur- ing this coming summer. Elmer Nedro'-^and his brother, Robert, former students, at Eliza- bethtown, are located at the Lake Ridge Mission, Ludlowville, N. Y. ; Emma S. Miller, who finished the English Bible Course in 1911, is ap- pointed to the Middle West as a Home Mission worker. Levi Zeig- ler, a former student, had been lo- cated at Shamokin in similar work. He has accepted the pastorate of the church at Denton, Md. W. E. Glasmire, Vocal Music, '10, and wife Leah (nee Shaeffer) Pd.B., '10, made a touching as well as impressive farewell visit at the college, where they addressed the student body and met all of them in a social way. They are giving their lives to Mission Work in Denmark, and we are hoping the Lord may work mightily in and thru them. The Graybills and the Glasmires sailed from Newport News on Oct. 31. We are glad to claim as former students Brother and Sister Gray- bill, who have been conducting the missionary activities in Sweden in an able manner for the last seven years. Sister Graybill had charge of the Culinary Department and Brother Graybill enrolled as a stu- dent, and also served in the ca- pacity of teacher. They had re- turned to the states on their fur- lough this year and created a keen- er missionary interest wherever they went. They accepted a short- er furlough than was due them be- cause they yearned to get back to the work. 20 OUR COLLEGE TIMES L E. Oberholtzer, A.B., B.E., '05 was the first of our representatives on the China field. Brother Fred M. Wampler, now home on a fur- lough, speaks of his unremitting en- ergy in the Lord's work at Ping Ting Hsein and roundabout. He showed pictures of Brother Ober- holtzer and Sister Rider, Bus., '03, at their work across the seas. Sis- ter Rider speaks for herself in the letter following these notes. Sister Mary Schaeffer, B.E., '13 is like- wise located at Ping Ting Hsien, where she is actively engaged in work since the period of Language Study is over. Charles Shoop who finished the Preparatory Course, in 1905, is located at Canton, China, where he is interested in mission work, under the direction of the United Brethren Church. Kathryn Zeigler, Bible '08, is lo- cated at Anklesvaar, where her la- bors are largely confined to work among the women. She enlarges their mental horizon and increases their power to do; besides she gives them the Good News. Sara Replogle, Bible '14, has spent several years at Bethany Bi- ble School in further preparation. She is one of five new missionaries for India who will sail from New York, soon after Nov. 1. Her recent visit at her alma mater was ap- preciated. Nora Hollenberg, (nee Reber) A.B., Pd.B., '13, is likewise awaiting her passport to a new land. She and her husband have spent the summer among the churches of California. They like- wise spent several weeks at Mr. Hollenberg's home in Canada. We are expecting a farewell visit from her ere she sails. H. L. Smith, Pd.B., '09, is engaged in missionary work at Sarhassa, Bhogalpur Dis- trict, India. He is representing the River Brethren Church. To one and all of these faithful alumni we wish to say that we hope to be more trustworthy in "hold- ing the ropes" this school year, than during any preceding one. We wish you godspeed. — E. E. B. A Letter From China A very interesting letter from Sister Bessie M. Rider, '03, was read to the Elizabethtown Congre- gation on September 28. Sister Rider, at the time of writing, was enjoying an interfurlough vacation at a seaside resort in China, where a number of our missionaries were attending a conference held in the interests of missionary endeavor in China. Dr. Forrey was one of the speakers. The Forward Movement, which is engaging the attention of our Brotherhood at present, is also being pushed in China. There the missionary part of the endeavor is called the "Save China Move- ment." We are pleased to quote a part of this splendid letter, relat- ing to Sister Rider's own work and her solicitations in behalf of her alma mater — Elizabethtown Col- lege. The introduction into China of the National Phonetic System explained here, is a project of the largest significance, in every way, for China's future. (ootinued Next Month) ill ii)i,i,iii tmm Volume XVI I /-^'-'^-^ '1^1 Number 3 EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief I. S. Hoffer Associate Editor Ezra Wenger Departmental Editor H. H. Nye Alumni Editor Edna E. Brubaker Religious News Contributor Sara Shisler Society News Contributor Ada G. Young School News Contributors \ ^ ' j ttt [ Raymond Wenger Business Manager H. A. Via Assistant Business Manager A. C. Baugher Our College Times is published month y during the Academic year by Elizabeth- town College. This paper will have to be discontinued as soon as the time of subscription expires as an action of the United States legislature. Please renew in time and report any change of address to the business manager. Subscription rates one dollar per year; fifteen cents per copy; six subscriptions $5.00. Entered as second-class matter April 19, 1909, at the Elizabethtown Postoffice. Editorials The Library. students gather (for there are not At the eastern end of Memorial "^^^^^ enough rooms for each stu- Hall is perhaps the busiest room of ^^^t to have a separate desk or ta- the whole college, and undoubted- ^le) and study during their vacant ly the most interesting room. It Periods. At the end of each period serves a triple purpose, for it is a ^^ere is an exodus of one group of study room, museum and library students and an incoming of a new combined, the last of which is its srroup of students, main function. Here are several However, many of the students tables at which day and boarding come in to see, for you remember OUR COLLEGE TIMES it is a museum, too. Here is the skel- eton, a vague, creepy terror to the new students; the spinning wheel; and a skein wheel, used by our an- cestors and a few generations ago ; the stone, hand grain crusher used in Bible times ; remains of the stone and bronze ages of man ; Indian rel- ics of many kinds; skeletons of sea animals; various kinds of rocks and minerals, trinkets; muskets and canteens of Revolutionary days; besides many pictures and a crow and squirrel mounted and present- ed by former students of the col- lege. The rivaling interests of the li- brary are the bound books and the magazines and news corner, of whose popularity the books are jealously aware. But the books should not care so much for they have the privilege of being taken to the student's rooms and forming the most intimate acquaintance, if they are the responsive and inter- esting type of book, while the mag- azines are prohibited, by the law of libraries, from leaving their formal reception room, the library. They have scarcely made their debut in the society of college students be- fore they are packed away in dark musty cupboards, awaiting the ar- rival of their similar fated succes- sors, until their woebegun com- pany has reached a certain number, when they are removed from their prison, pressed into binders and take their place on the shelves be- side the books. Seven or eight hundred of the forty-five hundred books in the li- brary are bound volumes of useful Jnagazines, together with their key, the Reader's Guide Series. About fifteen hundred of the remainder are books, on various subjects, sent by the state and national libraries to be preserved for the use of the public. Six different complete sets of encyclopaedias and three large unabridged dictionaries serve very well for general reference work. The remainder of the books are on various subjects, such as Litera- ture, Fiction, Biography, History, Religion, Science, Education and Music. Since September the first of this year, eighty-six books have been added to the library. Of this number we are indebted to A. Z. Brubaker, lately deceased, of Leba- non, Pa., for a complete set of twen- ty-nine volumes of the "Biblical Il- lustrator," a valuable addition to our aids in the study of the Bible. We also gratefully acknowledge the gift of a list of books on Music from L. B. Herr, the proprietor of the large book store at Lancaster. The novel of Kipling, entitled "The Day's Work" presented by Mrs. Hostetter of Elizabethtown, and another by O'Henry, entitled,. "Heart of the West" given by Frank Groff, are much appreciated by all who have thus far read them. The library was too crowded for convenience before school opened (for many shelves had to have dou- ble tiers to accommodate all the books) and with these additions things are very much congested. Two shelves have been arranged for books of daily reference, and this, relieves conditions to a certain ex- tent, tho the shelves are yet double tiered in many places. OUR COLLEGE TIMES We need a suite of rooms for a museum and a study hall for stu- dents not in classes and we urgently need a larger, better equipped li- brary separate from any other at- traction. We are looking forward to the time when, in a few years, these things will not be merely a dream but a satisfying reality. We already see when we can point to a modern looking building and say with pride to our visitors who have helped make it possible, "Come and see what you have helped make possi- ble for us to enjoy." Supera D. Martz. The Student and His Reading. A college ought to emphasize not only the departments of work rep- resented by class-room recitations but it ought to foster the idea that daily and systematic library work ought to occupy a very prominent place in the student's routine work. The library ought to be a place which the student finds very com- panionable. Too often the library is thought by the student to be a place where books are kept but which to him are entirely strange and unexplored. He ought to be able to lay his hand upon any de- sired book placed systematically on the shelf of a large library. As a rule young people desire to read something. But a course in college ought to help one to select the best type of literature and to read to the greatest advantage by forming habits of careful observa- tion. During the recent war the American soldier was distinguished among the soldiers of the nations as a voracious reader of a type of literature that assists in attaining practical ends. A certain newspa- per editor says concerning our read- ing effectively : "In this respect in- telligence, the capacity to know and understand, is the national and dominant characteristic of the A- merican people. In that we easily lead the world and therein lies our power and progress," Accessibility to a large library should be regarded as an invalua- ble opportunity. When Andrew Carnegie was asked why he did not give his wealth to charitable chan- nels, hospitals, institutions for the needy and unfortunate rather than to the libraries he replied: "Those charitable objects appeal to many benefactors and are largely the duty of the state, but the library is the university of the common peo- ple, and how could I better serve my countrymen than by promoting the intelligence of the citizen, for intelligence makes for character and patriotism." The student should manifest a strong passion for thoroughness in his reading. Those who have thot most and done most and lived most as a result of their reading have brought their passion to it. I should like to append the following help- ful suggestions offered by Dr. G. Frederick to derive profit from reading: 1. Plan your reading. Select the books to be read far in advance. Prefer books that are old enough to be classical, attractive if possible, pure always. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 2. Vary your reading. Follow romance with history, history with biography, travel, art, science, phi- losophy and religion. Variety gives breadth and keeps up interest. 3. Limit your reading. Know a few books well rather than many books indifferently. Intensive is better than extensive reading. Big fish swim in deep water. 4. Fix your reading. To this end read carefully, weigh thoughts talk them over to yourself and with others, try to remember them. "Thinking makes what we read ours." 5. Time your readings. Have a book-hour each day if possible. Especially, however, utilize frag- ments of time for a few pages of reading. Little and often masters the largest volumes. 6. Enrich your reading. This do by looking up all allusions to his- tory, poetry, art, mythology, per- sons, places, etc. 7. Preserve your reading. Own, if possible, many of the books you read; Mark choice passages in them ; make comparisons of them ; often commune with them. To the above suggestions I should like to add two more: (a) Every stu- dent should keep a notebook in which notes on reading should be kept. Gems of literature and the cream of books and articles should be carefully gleaned for reference and for food for subsequent thot and assimilation, (b) It is, further- more, an indispensible help to a stu- dent to keep a systematic file of gems of literature, squibs of history, anecdotes and illustrations. If these are arranged by subjects in alphabetical order, they become a veritable mine of information for writing essays, preparing readings and addresses. The ultimate test of a good memory is not immedi- ate memorization of an infinite a- mount of material but the ability to locate material which was for- merly gleaned thru reading. — H. H. N. The Anniversary Nineteen years ago, Elizabeth- town College opened her doors to the public and started on a career destined to mold the lives of those who come under her influence. The account of the anniversary, on an- other page, gives some concrete facts concerning the results at- tained during these years in the number of missionaries, ministers, teachers, business men, etc., who have since found their places in the world. Colleges aim to train for service and the record of former students is, in part, a measure of the effectiveness of the training which a college affords. The college, however, does not aim to make professional men or specialists of its students so that the vocational achievements of its alumni cannot adequately show what the college did for them. Col- leges aim to give a liberal educa- tion, the kind of training that brings the student into the presence of the richest experience of the race, that gives him a wide know- ledge of the fundamental influences in human nature, that discloses to him the opportunities for Christian OUR COLLEGE TIMES service, that reveals to him his own powers, and develops sound moral character so that the high purposes of life may be realized by proper control of the powers which have been awakened and developed. In other words, the function of the col- lege is to train the youth to be, rather than to do. Vocational train- ing is necessary, but the profession- al and technical schools furnish this preparation, primarily. What the college accomplishes, then, can only be determined by a just estimate of the character de- veloped. But who can estimate what these nineteen years of our own history have accomplished in this respect? Adequate measures of character are yet to be de- veloped. Influences come into our lives at the most unlooked for places and often are not detected till they show themselves in out- ward expression. Yet everyone who ever has attended Elizabethtown College, or any other school, has re- ceived some things which have tended to strengthen his character, to renew his purpose, and to en- large his vision of life. These things cannot be listed concretely; they belong to the greater realities of human life. Endowment Campaign Notes Soliciting for the Winter will be it. It is needless to say that a num- done largely in towns because of ber were former students and oth- the condition of the country roads, ers prospective students. The Student-Alumni fund and the Gibble fund have been growing and by special efforts put forth this coming Spring and Summer the goals set for these funds will be reached. Miss Elizabeth Grosh, our book- keeper, has little time for vacation. With all of the additional duties placed upon her, as a result of the endowment campaign, her pleasant smile has held its own. The young brethren and sisters of this congregation nearly all gave their quota and some went beyond In one township near Harleys- ville over fifty per cent, of the teach- ers in the public schools are former students of Elizabethtown College. The schools of the following were visited: Ruth S. Bucher, Abel Young, Bertha Price and Melvin Shisler. The work in the Springfield Church was managed by Elder Benj. Hottel, for Coopersburg, and by Bro. Nathan Kilhefner for Quakertown. This congregation was the seventh to go over the top by a nice margin. Practically ev- ery member in this congregation is a contributor to the Endowment 8 OUR COLLEGE TIMES fund. This congregation is another evidence of what can be done when we unite our efforts in a noble cause. December 1 was interest day. Those who gave pledges and have not paid off the principal should send in their interest money. There is no interest on what is paid off on the principal on or before Decem- ber 1. If the full amount of the pledge is paid no interest at all is required. If half of the principal is paid, send in half the interest stated in the letter sent to you. Any amount may be paid at any time on the principal. Several congrega- tions have paid off nearly all their pledges. From November 25th to 28th the members of the Hatfield congrega- tion were visited. Bro. Geo. Henn- ing of Lansdale, gave several days of his time and the use of his auto- mobile. He wants to see Eliza- bethtown College standardized and he surely did his share in the work in more ways than one. In Souderton and its vicinity Brethren Adam Crouthamel and P. H. Zendt served as pilots. This end of the congregation raised a lit- tle more than its quota. By the add- ing of a few hundred dollars more by some one or by a few persons, the Hatfield congregation will reach its quota. If you are interest- ed write to the chairman of the En- dowment campaign. the Spring Grove congregation. A good healthy school spirit was found among our brethren in this church. Mr. Isaac Taylor, Jr., one of our former students, teaching the Conestoga school in this church district, recently received the praise of the County Superinten- dent for the able manner in which he is conducting his school. Much rainy weather was encount- ered while the solicitors were at work in the Indian Creek congre- gation, in Montgomery County. The thanks of the Board of Trustees are due Elder Jos. Shissler for his untiring efforts in piloting the so- licitors through his congregation. Bro. Chas. Boaz, the busy farmer of Vernfield, gave his Ford to one par- ty of solicitors. On November 7 and 8 Elders G. N. Falkenstein, David Kilhefner, and Ralph W. Schlosser canvassed During the month of November four congregations were solicited: Spring Grove, Indian Creek, Spring- field and Hatfield. The first third of the goal has been attained, but nothing less than a great sacrifice on the part of the members of the Church of the Brethren will see the realization of our aim. The spirit of the forward Move- ment was running high at the Min- isterial and Sunday School meeting held on November 4 to the 6th. The hearts and the pocket books of the members were opened. Three thousand dollars were raised in a short time to purchase a church house at Freeville, New York, for the mission located there. A good brother whose heart is in the Lord's work was present and was holding one thousand dollars in reserve in case it would be needed for the OUR COLLEGE TIMES l^reeville mission, but when the a- thousand dollars over to the Endow- mount for the church was raised ment fund of Elizabethtown Col- without his gift, he handed his one lege. R W S Literary Notes The Meeting of the Wise Men (From Ben Hur) Northward over the plains of Egypt was traveling, not a caravan, but one lonely stranger. He rode on a large dignified white drome- dary upon whose back were hung two boxes, one on either side. The inside of these were cushioned and very comfortable, so that the per- son in it could sit or half recline. Over all was an awning to protect the occupant from the warm sun. He was traveling toward the table- lands of the desert. The man was apparently sleeping, for he paid no attention to the camel, leaving him to choose the course. For four hours the camel kept up a steady pace of long, swinging strides. All vegetation had disap- peared and nothing could be seen but sand, sand everywhere, at some places perfectly level and at others in ridges or waves. No one seeks the desert for pleas- ure because of the dangers from sand storms, getting lost, hunger, thirst and wild animals, so our trav- eler was evidently not on a pleas- ure trip. Suddenly the camel ut- tered a cry or moan, peculiarly pite- ous, by which its kind always pro- test against an overload and some- times crave attention and rest. This woke up the man and he gave the signal for the camel to kneel. He got out and moved around a bit to get his blood into circulation. One peculiarity which was noticed about him was that he was un- armed, which was a very unusual thing, when crossing the desert. He fed the camel and tried to make him comfortable and then he got out a pack which, when it was op- ened, proved to be a tent. As he was doing these things, now and then he shaded his eyes and gazed off into the horizon as if looking for some one or some- thing. When he was disappointed several times he said, as if talking to his camel, "They will come. He that led me is leading them. I will make ready." He went on with his preparations for a meal, arranged the tent, preparing for three people. Once more he went out and looked long into the distance and lo ! in the east he saw a speck, it grew as large as a hand and larger and fin- ally a white dromedary like his own took shape. It drew nearer and finally stopped at the tent. This hian, who was from Hindostan, was sleeping too and when he woke up he looked about him and seemed to recognize his surroundings. He got out and the two travelers ad- dressed each other and although 10 OUR COLLEGE TIMES they were strangers there was a pe- culiar mutual understanding be- tween them. While they were standing and ex- changing greetings they looked to the north and saw another traveler coming on a white camel like their own. He came to where the first two were and dismounted. This man was different from the rest. He had a light complexion and proved to be a Greek. These three greeted each other with a strange emotion in their hearts. They knew now that the Spirit was leading them indeed. One strange thing about these three was that not any of them were armed, so their mis- sion was one of peace. The Egyptian invited them into the tent to the meal which he had set and a miracle was performed as they asked grace for each one spoke in his own language, but they all understood what was said by the others. While they were eating they told the story of how they came to be here. The Greek was a scholar and much concerned about relig- ious matters. He told how he wished to see this new King who was to come and how, one night when he was praying and impatient for Him to come, a star appeared and a voice spoke to him and told him to go in the morning as the spirit should direct and he would meet two others who were going to find the King who was now born. The others testified to the same experience with reference to the star and the voice. In the countries from which they came there was a vague belief in a true God, but there was nothing known of a Savior who was to come or, if they did know it, they would not believe it. These three men, tried to tell the people about Him, but they were mocked, laughed at and even stoned for their new ideas. These three were not satisfied but seemed to have had a revelation that one was com- ing in person to make God manifest and to redeem the world. For this they prayed earnestly, even living apart from other human beings so that their prayers would be more effective. It was while living in this solitary place that it was re- vealed to them that the One for whom they were praying to come had been born and they should go to seek him in Jerusalem. These three men represented the whole human race, as Noah had had three sons and these sons took up their abode after the flood in the countries from which these three wise men came. When they were all through tell- ing their experiences a silence fell, broken by sighs and tears. Silent- ly they got up, and went out into the night. They took down the tent and started out together in search of the Christ. Suddenly a- head of them a bright light flamed. Their hearts beat fast, their souls thrilled, and they shouted with one voice, "The Star! the Star! God is with us." — E. Z. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 11 Religious News Visit of the Traveling Secretary of the United Student Volunteers. We enjoyed two days of inspira- tion during Bro. Helser's visit with us from November four to six. He came full of good thots and sugges- tions that brought not only inspir- ation but real help. His personal- ity and manner inspires people to want to do and become. The en- tire student body and faculty were much benefited by his visit. On Wednesday morning he spoke in Chapel on "The Religions of the World." With the aid of a large map he spoke very impressively of the great needs of every country in the world. His closing thot was the fact that each one is individually responsible and no one is excused from doing his full share. He then spoke to the student body about the International Volunteer Convention to be held in Des Moines, Iowa, from December twenty-eight until Janu- aiy four. His aim was to show the need of sending delegates to bring back the many good things to be received from a convention of such a nature. Our students always re- spond when they see a need and they did then by deciding to send three representatives, the full num- ber allowed each college. On Wednesday evening he also led our prayer meeting in a very informal way. After prayer meet- ing all who wished to stay were promised another address by Bro. Helser. The student body showed their interest and appreciation by practically every one staying. He spoke mainly about the Volunteer- ing, its meaning, and the Volun- teer's purpose. He also gave the five goals of the Volunteers for this school year, namely: 1. A Live Mission Study Class. 2. A Better Quality of Volun- teers. 3. A Definite Way of Missionary Giving. 4. Representation at all Con- ferences. 5. Every Student Praying Defi- nitely for a Foreign Missionary. He spent practically all his time in private interviews with students. About fifty students interviewed him. In these talks he gave them advice and suggestions concerning their preparation and problems. This personal touch made his visit especially effective. He gave his final message during the Chapel period on Thursday morning. His theme was "Gospel Salesmanship." The requisites for successful salesmanship as he gave them were: honesty, knowledge of goods, believe in goods, and true de- votion to goods. The main thot thruout his talk was the gospel, its meaning to ourselves, and its mean- ing to others because of the way we live in it. A quotation from Timo- thy Stone summed up his message. "There is no commodity or piece of goods in the world that is able to be compared with the Gospel." The Fall term ends with a good attitude and keen interest on the part of the student body in all re- ligious activities. Our Wednesday 12 OUR COLLEGE TIMES evening prayer meetings and conse- cration services each Sunday morn- ing are a good thermometer of the spiritual life of the student body. More new students are taking part in these meetings than have done so in previous years and the results surely show growth. There is also an increased inter- est in the Volunteer Band. The meetings of the Volunteers are open for all who wish to come and many students attend each Saturday ev- ening. — S. C. S. Our Nineteenth Anniversary The nineteenth anniversary of the founding of Elizabethtown College was held in the College Chapel on November 13, 1919, at 8 P. M. The following program was arranged and given: Invocation, Eld. G. N. Falkenstein; Anthem, "Send out Thy Light," (Gounod,) College Chorus; Opening AddresS; President H. K. Ober; "The Star Spangled Banner," Ladies' Chorus; Anniversary Address, Hon. Frank B. Willis, Ex-Governor of Ohio; Offering; Anthem, "All Hail the Power of Jesus Name;" College Chorus; Benediction, Eld. S. H. Hertzler. Elizabethtown College was incor- porated in 1899; the first building known as the Alpha Hall, was e- rected in 1900; a second building, Memorial Hall was built in 1905. In 1916 the donors of the College decided on a transfer of the man- agement and ownership of the school to the church and on April 26, 1917, at the District Meeting, held at Bareville, Pa., the owner- ship and control of the college was transferred to the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, by the Board of Trustees, acting for the electors, and on October 30, 1917, the South- ern District of Pennsylvania, thru its District meeting decided to share in the ownership and control of the school. The Trustees, eight from Eastern Pennsylvania, and four from Southern Pennsylvania, as- sumed full control on January 2nd, 1919, the date of the first meeting of these trustees. The academic work of the school was formally begun in Heisey's Au- ditorium, in Elizabethtown, on No- vember 13, 1900, with six students and three teachers. One of those teachers, Miss Elizabeth Myer, has been on the faculty since that time. The school was moved to College Hill on January 22, 1901, Alpha Hall being ready for occupancy on that date. The work of these years is represented in a tangible way by the former students and graduates who have gone out from Elizabeth- town College; 1,400 students and 350 graduates have come under the influence of this environment dur- ing these years. Among them are fourteen elders; fifty-six ministers; twelve pastors ;twelve foreign mis- sionaries; scores of Sunday School Workers; twenty-three teachers in High Schools and Academies; thir- ty-six professors and instructors on Brethren College faculties; scores of public school teachers, clerks. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 13 stenographers and business men. The main feature of the Anniver- sary Program was the address de- livered by Ex-Governor Willis. In the opening of the address he paid a glowing tribute and expressed his obligation to two former Pennsyl- vania educators, Drs. N. C. Schaef- fer and Henry Houck, who served at the twenty-fifth anniversary of his alma mater. The ex-governor's address was a defense of the de- nominational college, an estimate of its influence in the community and its indispensability to our na- tional life and civilization. He ac- cepted the invitation to deliver the address, he said, because this is one of the Church Colleges of this coun- try — a reason he gave for belief in institutions like Elizabethtown Col- lege. "The life of the nation, the perpetuity of our institutions, the continuation of our civilization de- pends upon our denominational church college. The intimate inter- course between teacher and pupil, so essential in college training, can be secured only in the small de- nominational school. Great univer- sities cannot provide this essential and they are not doing it. Further- more, in a state-maintained institu- tion it is not possible to place stress on religion. "I believe in a religion with a backbone to it," the Ex-Gov- ernor said. "I want a religious faith and I want the boys and the girls who come up thru the schools and the colleges to know a reason for the faith that is in them. The Gospel of Jesus Christ is the only guide by which to solve our nation- al problems — it is the foundation of our civilization. When I read the biographies of the great men and women of Ohio, I find that they were trained in the small church school." The importance of education was emphasized in two respects. First, financially. A study of agricultur- al conditions in France, Belgium, and Germany, as compared with those of the United States, reveals the value of scientific training in this vocation. Economic necessity has compelled the farmers of these European countries to apply scien- tific methods in their farming in order to secure a competent return from the land. The application of science to farming doubles the pro- duction of the farm. Second, an education is important because of the increased amount one gets out of life. It develops the ability to get nearer to the things that are lasting and eternal; it furnishes a stronger grasp on the eternal veri- ties. The second reason the speaker gave for his faith in Elizabethtown College was because it is located in a community where the old-fash- ioned virtues are still inculcated. We were encouraged to foster for ourselves five such virtues. There is the lesson or virtue of industry. At this point the Ex-Governor be- came reminiscent and called up out of his own experience a number of incidents illustrating his father's ef- forts to develop in him the habit of industry. Ex-Governor Willis con- cluded his address by merely nam- ing the remaining four virtues: Thrift, to save ; optimism, to be cheerful; patriotism, to exalt; and a good, old-fashioned faith to die by. 14 OUR COLLEGE TIMES The Bible Institute and Training School The annual Bible Institute at the College is scheduled to begin Jan- uary ninth, continuing to the fifteenth. In connection with the Insti- tute this year, a two weeks' course of definite study for ministers and Sunday School workers is arranged. This course begins at the same time that the Bible Institute begins and is to continue for two full weeks. This course is definitely planner] for church workers who feel tlie need of more training. It is open to all who want to improve them- selves for greater efficiency in their activities in the church and com- munity as ministers or Sunday School workers. Those who cannot leave their homes for a long period of time, will be able to arrange for these two weeks of exceptional opportunities. The instructors are specialists in their line of work. Elder E. B. Hoff, who is Associate-president of Bethany Bible School, of Chicago, has a national reputation as a Bib^e scholar. He will teach several classes in Bible subjects and at least one class twice a day for min- isters on sermon-building. Miss Elsie Shickle, of Roanoke, Virginia, who has a remarkable record as a teacher, is going to give a strong course for Sunday School teachers. She comes right from the field, being in the employ of the General Sunday School Board. She will have many helpful and prac- tical suggestions for the teachers of children. The work is so planned that those who desire to do so can complete the teacher-training course of the first year using the text book "Training the Sunday School Teacher," Book One. A class in Sunday School Administration is also planned for those who are interested in this line of work. It is the hope of the management that many will plan definitely to take these two weeks of splendid work. Write to Elizabethtown Col- lege for a circular giving full particulars as to the accommodations. It will be appreciated to have you send a list of names of persons who may be interested. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 15 Tentative Daily Schedule 9 :00 A. M.— Bible Studies Elder Hoff 10:00 A. M. — Sunday School Pedagogy Sister Shickle 1 :00 P. M. — How Children Learn Prof. J. G. Meyer 2:00 P. M.— Bible Studies Elder Hoff 3:00 P. M. — Sunday School Pedagogy Sister Shickle 4 :00 P. M. — Sermon Building Elder Hoff 8 :00 P. M. — Sermon Elder Hoff and others Educational Program Saturday, Jan. 10, 1920 1:30 to 4:00 P. M. Chairman, Pres. H. K. Ober DEVOTIONAL EXERCISES MUSIC FUTURE OF ELIZABETHTOWN COLLEGE. .Prof. R. W. Schlosser RECITATION MUSIC ADDRESS Pres. Geo. D. Gossard, Lebanon Valley College OFFERING MUSIC BENEDICTION Temperance Program Sunday, Jan. 11, 1920 10:30 A. M. Chairman, Elder I. W. Taylor DEVOTIONAL EXERCISES MUSIC TEMPERANCE RECITATION TEMPERANCE ADDRESS OFFERING BENEDICTION Write for circular giving complete daily schedule and other infor- mation. 16 OUR COLLEGE TIMES rnr trrTTT^ORT^ oiHIJ Great interest has been shown in the society in the way in which the students responded to the different duties assigned to them. The fol- lowing programs were rendered during this month: Mr. Lester Myer; The Peace Con- ference, Mr. David Markey; Prob- lems of Americanization, Mr. Ezra Wenger; Literary Echo, Miss Esth- er Kreps; Critic's Remarks, Prof. Nye. Hallowe'en Program, Nov. 1. Music, Victrola Selection; Essay, The Origin of Hallowe'en, Miss Minerva Reber; Story, A Ghost Story, Mr. A. C. Baugher; Recita- tion, Little Orphan Annie, Miss Martha G. Young; Vocal Solo, One Sweetly Solemn Thought, Miss Em- ma Ziegler; Debate, Resolved that Hallowe'en pranks should be abolished by law. Affirmative: Miss Vera Hackman and Mr. John Boone; Negative: Miss Ethel Wen- ger and Mr. Henry Wenger. Crit- ics Remarks, Prof. Nye. Regular Program, Nov. 8. Music by the Society; Select Reading, The Smith of Rachenbach, Mr. John Bechtel; Recitation, Cur- few Must Not Ring Tonight, Miss Edith Witmer; Vocal Solo; Sympo- sium: The Year Since the Armis- tice; The Return of the Soldiers, Hunting Program, Nov. 15. Recitation, A Hymn to Diana — A Hunting We Will Go, Miss Jes- sie Oellig; Discussion, The Hunting Stage in the Development of the Race, Mr. Horace R,affensberger; Hunting Stories, Mr. Paul Wenger; Vocal Solo, Miss Edna Fogelsanger; Reading, Washington as a Hunter, Miss Laura Hershey ; Piano Solo, Snshiune Polka, Miss Floy Schlos- ser; Critic's Remarks, Prof. Hoffer. The debate and symposium were very interesting and well orated. The newly elected officers for the coming month are as follows : Pres., Daniel Myers; V. Pres., Jesse Reber; Sec, Mabel Bomberger; Treas., William Miller; Chorister, Ephraim Meyer; Critic, Mrs. Via. By your presence you will show that you are interested. A. G. Y. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 17 School News Welcome, new students. Miss Vera Kilhefner of Ephrata, visited Miss Ruth Kilhefner of the Wanted, by Mr. Baum, A bridle faculty, for his pony. Q. What is the Balm of Gilead? If Mr, H is mischevious in class A. A check from home when you is Vernon "Good?" are broke. Oilcloth went up. Ask the boys in the Boys' Dormitory. Miss Brubaker, of the faculty, who was ill, is recovering at her home in Lititz. Mr. Rmehart s success as a song leader is not yet assured. - One morning Miss R. O. looking Miss G, in the Dining room to Mr. at the sun rise exclaimed : "Oh, he R., "Can I depend on you." thinks he's bright." Miss R. Oellig, in Geometry: Miss Mary Bowman, a former Given the triangle ABCD." student, spent Sunday, November 23, with Miss Ella Boaz. Mr. Baum in Geometry; "That line is divided into equal halves." gome of the students attended re- vival services at Rheems several Bro. Bowser and family of York, evenings during the past week, motored over to see us recently. . , Mr. B. — "I wonder how this Jello Miss Esther Kreps entertained ^^^j^ ^^ ^.^^ ^y^^p ^^ j^,„ her mother over a week-end re- ^-^^ O.— "Pretty sticky, I be- c^^t^y- lieve." Wanted : More reception rooms to satisfy the ever-increasing de- Walter Longenecker '18, attend- jjig^ji^ ed the Anniversary program. He is working on his father's farm at Mr. Rinehart in Dining room; Present. Come again, Walter. "After that reinfreshments were served." Miss Douty was reading in Latin class and translated the word "Po- The Misses Young were visited cula," which means cups like this, by their mother over the anni- "They placed the chips on the versary. table." 18 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Two of the girls were enjoying the luxury of sleeping late. Said one: "O this is Paradise." But when they had to get up they said, "Now this is Paradise Lost." After an unusually inspiring les- son in the College mission study class Prof. Myer said: "It surely is fine for us to meet and discuss some of these big questions. Why we have people of all ages." Mr. Rinehart's glaring weakness is that he cannot pass 126 Wash- ington street without stopping. This was manifested when he ask- ed two fellows to escort him home from church one Sunday night. Most of the pedagogical students as well as some of the other stu- dents attended several of the ses- sions of the teachers' institute held in Lancaster. They all reported splendid interest in the work. Mr. Boone seemed very sure about the meaning of tri-weekly in Geometry. I wonder why? No doubt he associated the word with some of his personal experiences. We are most happy to report that our former Society news editor is convalescing rapidly. Miss Schwenk has been out of the hospital for sev- eral weeks and hopes to enter on her regular school duties during the Winter term. Among former students who at- tended the anniversary program we note the following: Misses Emma Zook, Kathryn Zug, Fanny Br-ubak- er, Hattie Eberly, Lottie Nies, Edna Martin, Messrs. Walter Longeneck- er, Clyde Weaver. Most of these are teaching in Lancaster Co. We were fortunate in having Brother Byer, President of HebroH Seminary, to conduct our chapel ex- ercises recently. He read for us some very beautiful poems of Browning. We enjoyed his visit very much. Brother Byer was a student here at one time. Armistice Day was observed by extending Chapel hour. Prof. Nye spoke about the unrest which is now manifesting itself in nearly all walks of life; and our responsibil- ity for the solution of present day problems. Mr. Paul Burkholder '22, who was "over there" spoke about the signing of the armistice and how it was received by the men at the front. He emphasized the fact that the gratitude of the men was expressed by a short period of si- lent prayer. Another of our girls, Miss Sara Royer, was taken ill with appendi- citis. She underwent an operation in the Lancaster General Hospital and at this writing is convalescing in fine shape. We wish her a swift recovery and an early return to College Hill. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 19 Miss Brubaker received a dainty box of good things from a friend of hers. Later she was telling her friend how much she enjoyed it. Said Miss Brubaker, "Oh that chick- en was so good. I was just hungiy for chicken and I certainly did en- joy it." Her friend: "Chicken! what chicken?" Miss B : "Why that chicken you gave me. It was a wing I think." Her friend : "Oh that wasn't chicken. That was rabbit." A soccer tournament was ar- ranged by Prof. Hoffer, the coach, between the day students, captain- ed by Raffensberger and the Dormi- tory boys captained by Daniel My- ers. Up to date five games were played. The first two games were won by the "Dorm" boys by the score of 2 to in each game. Sollenberger was the star for the "Dorm" boys. His goal shooting featured in their victories. The next two games were won by the Day students. Schaeffer's goal kicking and L. My- ers' line driving featured their vic- tories. They won by the scores of 3 to 1 and 1 to 0. The last game was bitterly contested. Schaeffer's goal kicking was given the high light although the ball was kept in the Day students' territory. Mr. Zendt as goal-keeper, was the star for the "Dorm" boys. The game ended in a scoreless tie. missed on the hall and in the class room, yet his influence that he threw out while at school will go on as time will pass. We are sorry that one of our Ped- agogical students, Mr. John Boone, will not be with us Winter term. The boys gave him a surprise fare- well social before he left. The af- fair was held in Commercial Hall and the boys say they had a fine time, although all are sorry to lose Mr. Boone from their hall. E. V. A.— R. M. Mr. Boone leaves school with the best wishes of all the students. His cheerful, optimistic face will be On November twenty-fourth the boys of Memorial Hall gave a ban- quet with Mr. Boone as guest of honor. The banquet was given in Commercial Hall at nine o'clock. Mr. Boone was escorted into the hall where the boys were waiting. The affair was a complete surprise to him, making it all the more esting. During the banquet we had music on the Victrola. Henry Wen- ger was appointed toastmaster af- ter which the boys responded by giving toasts. Prof. Hoffer, Dan- iel Myers, Ephraim Meyer, Ezra Wenger, Clarence Sollenberger, A. C. Baugher and Jesse Reber spoke. The general sentiment of the toasts bespoke of Mr. Boone's high Chris- tian character and his noble purpo- ses which he has set out to attain. Mr. Boone gave the concluding toast in which he said that the high standards of the school should and must be upheld. With this the ban- quet was concluded. The boys, without an exception, expressed their opinion that the banquet was a success. 20 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Prof. J. W. Lear also spoke to us. He dwelt on the subject of adjust- ment. He told and vividly illustrat- ed by figures how that our entire Category of Education is a matter of Adjustment. He said, "It is not good for one child or one man to be alone because then he fails to learn how to adjust himself. Each of us must see that our programs will fit in and work with the programs of others." This matter of adjust- ment he told us is not a mere pas- sive submission but often is preced- ed by discovery. He then showed that with adjustment we spend the most of our time in discovering laws physical, social and spiritual, and if we adjust ourselves to them we will be counted as successful men and women. We certainly enjoyed both addresses because they were so practical and timely. Dr. Kurtz and Prof. Lear also met with the faculty and consulted with them on school problems. They left us after dinner to visit the rest of the Brethren schools, and carried with them the greetings from our school to the other schools, some of whose greetings they had brought to us. Two representatives from the Ed- ucational board of the Church of the Brethren, Dr. D. W. Kurtz and Prof. J. W. Lear visited our school on December 2. They attended our Chapel services and Dr. Kurtz conducted our devotional exercises after which he addressed the stu- dent body. He reviewed the pie- tistic movement which spread over entire Europe and extended to A- merica in that many of the best men migrated to America. He told us how we are the direct descen- dants of this "cream" of Europe and appealed to us to make good with our "trust." He praised our schools as being such for whose standards and work we need not apologize. A few statements he made are : "I am afraid we have not only lived off the interest on the legacy we have received from our ancestors but have begun on the principal." "The richer we are the more religion we need to keep decent." Taking the latter state- ment he showed that by keeping apace with the wealth which in- creased from seven billion dollars in 1850 to one hundred and eighty- seven billion dollars in 1914, we must be twenty times more religious now than at that time. With this graphic illustration he showed how stupendous the task of Christian Education is. E. V. A. R. M. mm ©iEjMii i*BP,ii \&' ^^ - " i ^s^ "^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ '^al 111 '^A. Ill ; ■! ^H^* Volume XVI I ,9^"^^' ' 1 ^^ Number 4 EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief I. S. Hoffer Associate Editor •. Ezra Wenger Departmental Editor H. H. Nye Alumni Editor . . , Edna E. Brubaker Religious News Contributor Sara Shisler Society News Contributor Ada G. Young Eva V. Arbegast School News Contributors -, t^ j ttt Raymond Wenger Business Manager H. A. Via Assistant Business Manager A. C. Baugher Our College Times is published month y during the Academic year by Elizabeth- town College. This paper will have to be discontinued as soon as the time of subscription expires as an action of the United States legislature. Please renew in time and report any change of address to the business manager. Subscription rates one dollar per year; fifteen cents per copy; six subscriptions $5.00. Entered as second-class matter April 19, 1909, at the Elizabethtown Postoffice. Editorials The Training School a lucrative position to undertake By the time this issue reaches our ^^Id work for the Sunday School readers the regular Bible Institute Board; her training has been thor- will have been ended and the ^ugh and her experience m S. S. special training school for Sunday ^ork varied, so that out of her School teachers and ministers will training and experience she brings be opening. The dates for this ses- ^ helpful message to those who sion are Jan. 16—30. Two weeks ^ear her. Eld. Hoff will present of training for the most important ^^^^^ studies and will discuss min- work in our churches today— the isterial problems of various kinds. Sunday School— under the instruc- ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ "^^ attended the Bible tion of specialists in their respec- Institute, do not miss this special tive fields. Sister Shickle gave up effort to bring these lessons to you. OUR COLLEGE TIMES We are sure that those who have attended the regular session will want to remain for the special ses- sion so that no urging is needed in that quarter now. School Spirit The International Student Volun- teer Conference held between Dec. 31 and Jan. 5 at Des Moines, Iowa, has occasioned the manifestation of a very noble and creditable spirit among our students. Three delegates, our full quota, were sent and the matter of defraying their expenses was referred to the stu- dents in chapel. In a short time the Voluntary subscriptions toward the defraying of the expenses incurred by sending the delegates, amounted to over one hundred and fifty dol- lars. This is really remarkable. The amount in itself is not so large but considering the number of students, the nature of their cir- cumstances, and the cause for which it was given, it is very com- mendable. It is worthwhile to look at the reason back of the giving which actuated such an altriustic mani- festation. Most of the students who gave had to sacrifice something else. They knew that only a few could have the rare privilege of at- tending such a conference, but yet they gave cheerfully. Giving in such a spirit surely is desirable. It is entirely unselfish. Another characteristic is notice- able. The delegates could not have gone had not all given. They pulled together. The grand thing about it all is the fact that, when only a few can enjoy a certain privilege, all the rest will stand together and say, "We will select of our number and we will bear their expenses. They will represent us and will bring us a report which all can enjoy." Back of such action we find Christian ideals which are the mo- tivating and governing forces in our students* lives. New Year's Resolutions The beginning of the New Year brings with it the custom of making resolutions. All of us have made them in the past years — and broken them. The word "resolve" means, in its derivation, to loosen, to solve, to disentangle, to simplify. Taking the derivation of the word, to make resolutions would involve the simplification of the problem confronting one, the directing of the attention on its es- sential elements, seen in their true relations, and disentangled from the non-essential. A resolution most worth making is one that affects one's entire life- time — not made for one or two years only, but for all of one's fu- ture life. A resolution most worth making is further one that is made according to some principle gov- erning one's life, according to some all-absorbing interest, large enough and permanent enough to take in a man's life. Every resolution made should be considered in these two relations — Will it be worth while for my whole life ! Is it in accord with the principles that guide my life into larger usefulness and ser- vice ? OUR COLLEGE TIMES Literary Notes Dr. Coleman's Lectures We were favored by a visit from Dr. Coleman on December ninth and tenth. He is the educational secretary for the Church of the Covenanters. The aim of the church for which he is working is to teach citizens of the United States the necessity of recognizing Jesus Christ and embodying him in all law. He delivered four lectures, while here, on social, ethical and religious subjects. In this article are given some of the things he said. What the world needs today is leaders, Christian leaders, and they must come from our Christian schools. To each one of us, God has given at least one talent and he has a work ready for us before we are ready for the work. There are four different kinds of minds that make up our world. They are: (1) the individual mind; (2) the national mind; (3) the world mind; (4) the Divine mind. Of these, the first three are subject to change. Charles Darwin taught "The struggle for existence" or "the survival of the fittest." Only those who put up a fight and are able to overcome their surround- ings will survive. Among lower animals, the weak die and the strong live. In Germany they taught this doctrine. They wanted to inculcate this even into the school boy and he was taught to carry his books on his back as he would have to carry his knapsack later. The Germans developed the superman and later the super-na- tion. What composes a country is not its mountains, rivers and material things, but its ideas. It is one mind composed of many ideas and when there is one mind there is unity. Our country is a unit on prohibition. The true definition of a thing is what God meant it to be. The coun- try is in the process of definition and likewise our lives. It will not be properly defined until the end. Our work is to bring about the proper adjustment between the in- dividual, national, world and divine mind. When this adjustment is made, then the kingdom of God is at hand. The reason that two peo- ple fight is because they do not un- derstand each other, their minds have not been adjusted to each other. The fight about the league of nations is nothing but a dog fight on a larger scale. People do not think the same. Some people can never adjust themselves to any- thing and therefore become aliens of the world and are given a life sentence behind stone walls. There are also aliens in the church be- cause they have not adjusted them- selves to the church, have not been bom fully into it. A broad mind is the one that can touch the most people at the most points, most of the time. The un- selfish person gets most out of life since he gives his life for others. We are in school to get in touch with many people and in turn get 6 OUR COLLEGE TIMES them in touch with God. Our life in school is an index of the life af- ter we leave school. What states- men are wrestling with today are the same problems that we are dealing with in the home, school, everywhere, that is, to change things. We are all trying to make the world after our own plan either from the outside as a mother when she uses a switch, or from the in- side by changing the mind. Jesus was the greatest revolutionist that ever lived. We are changed by education and by regeneration. To make people think is good, but to make people think right is better. The Holy Spirit should change our direction and the teachers lead us along that line. There are two methods by which the affairs of the world are con- ducted. These are competition and co-operation. Darwin's principle was that of competition and this has become the principle of the world. Struggle is the principle of human progress. Which of these two principles shall rule is the question of every phase of life. The home and the church are two un- spoiled institutions; in the home we do not have competition nor in the church or at least it should not be there. What the world needs is co-operation or team work, as we see it in the home. The idea of the home needs to be expanded and be made a world idea. What is need- ed in the church, school and busi- ness world is co-operation. It is an advantage to us that the world is prosperous, and so nations are coming to feel the need of co- operation. The reason we have wars, famines and poverty is be- cause the nations have not learned to co-operate. The only thing that will bring this co-operation is the religion of Jesus Christ. If the na- tions would have the same religion, they could agree and dwell in unity. This religion breaks down the middle wall of partition. It will wipe away race prejudice. There is no race or individual any- where that is not needed. The idea is to make the religion of Jesus Christ the basis of business, politics and schools as well as of the church. What is it that keeps order in our cities? What is it that protects our railroads? It is the church or religion. The conscience of the community is created by the church. It is creating order all the time. Without the church the world would go back to chaos. Co-operation is something very simple but people have not learned to practice it, because they do not heed the rules of the game. Jesus Christ is at the head of the ethical system. He receives his authority from God. The greatest agency under Jesus Christ is the nation to whom Jesus has given authority. The nation gave au- thority to government and the gov- ernment in turn gave authority to corporations, schools, and other or- ganizations. The authority of all holders of responsibility came indi- rectly from God. Whenever au- thority is given its source should be recognized. No nation yet has acknowledged the authority of Jesus Christ. In our constitution, God is not mentioned. The great OUR COLLEGE TIMES issue before the world today, is the recognition of this authority. God is calling on nations today to recognize His Son. We should seek to put into our fundamental law the recognition of Jesus Christ and make Him the supreme rule every- where. God made this world and it must be run according to his plan. So many people are trying to run the world without the instruction book. Lack of this instruction book brought about the world war. We have to accept the world as God made it and run it according to his plan. God created the world good. It got out .of repair and then Jesus came to repair it. We must finish the repairs. — E. Z. Preparation for Life "All education should be for- ward-looking and fruitful. But there is room for doubt whether earning a living is all there is to life. The idea of a liberal educa- tion is based on the contrary as- sumption. It is assumed, for ex- ample, that the unpaid duties of citizenship are a part of life, and that a man should be prepared for these by learning — something about the institutions Under which he lives and the obligations of the individual to the public. It is as- sumed that it is a part of life to live worthily as a human being may live who has his sensibilities re- fined, his imagination kindled, and his mind infonned and stimulated. On this assumption a man should be prepared not only to contribute marketable services to his com- munity, but to enrich his com- munity through the perfecting of his own life. It is further assumed that it is a part of life to grow and improve. If this is the case, then a man should be prepared not only to un- dertake jobs and employ methods already defined, but to create new jobs and new methods. To be qualified for this a man needs not technique but principles. The source of invention are a grasp of fundamental laws and a fertile imagination, neither of which is produced in a trade-school. An inventive engineer needs physics more than he needs shopwork; an inventive business man needs economics more than he needs ac- counting; an inventive architect needs the principles of design and the history of art more than he needs the art of reading and writ- ing specifications. In short, prep- aration for citizenship, for personal resourcefulness and for creative leadership is preparation for life; and it is the peculiar business of liberal education to provide that preparation." — Harvary Alumni Bulletin. Three College Presidents Pres. E. M. Hopkins, of Dart- mouth said recently, "I hold it true beyond the possibility of cavil that the criterion of the strength of a college is the strength of its faculty. If the faculty is strong, the college is strong; if the faculty is weak, the college is weak. Plant, material OUR COLLEGE TIMES equipment, financial resouces, ad- ministrative methods, trustee or- ganization, alumni enthusiasm and loyalty, are but accessory to the getting and holding of strength at this point — none of them insigni- ficant in importance but all of them subordinate." "The American people have a faith in education that is both sub- lime and pathetic. It is sublime be- cause it reveals so fine a spirit and so noble a purpose. It is pathetic in that it depends upon frail and feeble human instruments for its accomplishment. If the schools and colleges of the country were so to conduct themselves as to shake the nation's faith in them and in edu- cation, the resulting crash would be heard all round the world." — Pres, Butler, Columbia. "The college should aim to pro- mote intellectual persistence, moral character, and a sense of responsi- bility both for the sake of the stu- dent's own growth and for the benefit of the community about him. A very marked improvement in this respect has been made in the last score of years, but as yet our colleges are not on as high a plane as they ought to reach. The re- sults cannot be attained solely by the standards of examination, im- portant as these are. Nor will lec- tures, however excellent, suffice of themselves,. What is required is the personal influence of trained and mature minds upon untrained and immature ones, and therefore care- ful attention to the individual stu- dent, a close and friendly inter- course between instructor and pu- pil, sympathy and unremitting co- operation between the administra- tive authorities and the student body. All this demands a larger staff in proportion to the number of undergraduates, and consequently a larger expenditure than in the past." — Pres. Lowell, Harvard. Religious News Centuries ago people discovered that special training is needed by men who have great tasks to do. They also found out that books and teachers are essential to every in- dividual's training if good citizen- ship shall result. Our public schools, colleges and universities are the in- stitutions that have been establish- ed to bring about this result. But they are found lacking in supplying the leadership needed. The church has always had leaders and also an ever increasing vision of more and better leaders. She has studied the needs of the world and is conscious that she only can satisfy them. The world has awakened and discovered the same for herself. Therefore from the whole world comes the call for ef- ficient Christian leadership. What a momentous power lies in the Chris- tian College — the only hope of our nation and of the world ! OUR COLLEGE TIMES In the complex society of the world many kinds of workers are needed. There is need and use for every talent from the smallest to the greatest. God's ideal is that all men shall know Him, that all work- men everywhere shall be Christian workmen. But that ideal cannot be realized unless many Christians to- day give all their time to Chris- tian service. This is the aim of the Volunteer Movement. Every Volunteer promises God his life without reserve to be used in a distinctively Christian voca- tion. This means that God's guid- ance be sought. It means also that preparation be made for leadership in the God-chosen field, either as a pastor, evangelist, teacher in a Christian School, medical mission- ary, or a home or foreign mission- ary. The mission of the Church is the Great Commission of the Christ. The watch word of the Volunteers is "The World for Christ in this Generation." Our fundamental aim is the same, and that is the reason that the two are so vitally con- nected and that the Volunteer or- ganization is not separate from the church movement. Altho God has a plan for every life there are some whom he has given more ability and greater op- portunities than he has to others. Every student therefore who is blessed with the privileges of a Christian College and has good health should feel responsible to place his life in God's hands to be used all the time in Christian ser- vice. A person can be a true Chris- tian in any vocation if he does it on the stewardship plan, seeking first the kingdom of God and His righteousness. The world needs such Christians in every vocation, and Christian education thru the home, the church and the College must supply them. But the whole world, from the Christian nations to the lands where Christ's name has never been heard, needs Volun- teers to give all. Will not many more young Christians purpose to do this? On Sunday, December fourteen Messrs. Bangher, Reber, Hertzler, Royer and Sollenberger rendered programs at Carlisle and at Harris- burg. The following talks were given and special music was also a part of each service. "Reality in Religion," Clarence Sollenberger. "Unity," Jesse Reber. "Intensified Missions," Ephraim Hertzler. "Visions," A. C. Bangher. At 7:30 p. m. of the same day, the following program was given at Newville. "Service," Emma Ziegler. Recitation, "There will be room in Heaven," Ella Boaz. "A Swarm of Bees," Laura Her- shey. "No Room for Jesus," David Markey. Prof. Meyer spoke to the Volun- teers on Saturday evening, Decem- ber thirteen. An address by some Faculty member, or a special pro- gram by several Volunteers, is ar- ranged every week. These meet- ings are well attended and are al- ways helpful to all. — S. C. S. 10 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Our School Departments The Natural Sciences The Department of Natural Science offers courses in Political and Physical Geography, Geology, Zoology, Botany and Biology. The work done makes use of the libra- ry, class-room, field, laboratory, and private study. One of the values of the study of natural sci- ence derives from the fact that it affords this variety of means of contact with nature. In some branches of study the work is most- ly done in the private study, and possibly the library, but the natural sciences use the powers of observa- tion, comparison, analysis and de- duction, thus providing the best means for arousing and developing the powers of the mind. The student in Biology, for in- stance, observes the forms of life about him in nature and compares their characteristics; he takes such as he can into the laboratory and, upon closer observation, com- parison and analysis, forms con- clusions and derives principles showing the relations and functions of the various living forms. This is the end of instruction in natural science — to know natural life and natural forms in their relations, to understand their functions, and to appreciate their meaning for hu- man society and its growth and de- velopment. One term each is devoted to Physical Geography, Political Geography, and Geology; a semes- ter each to Elementary Zoology and Botany. In these latter courses considerable field and laboratory work are required. Thirty-five mounted specimens, together with a descriptive analysis of one speci- men of each of the larger groups of insects, carefully written up in notebook form, constitute this phase of the work in Zoology. In El. Botany the student collects, names and mounts one hundred specimens of the flora of the im- mediate community and analyzes twenty-five representative plants. Supplementary reading, beyond the scope of the classroom text, is as- signed and tested in both these courses. All our biological work is greatly facilitated by the addition to our equipment of thirteen dis- secting microscopes, the gift to the school of Mr. Graybill Minnich, of Lititz, Pa. In the course in College Biology now being given, considerable at- tention is given to the histological part of the subject. As a whole, the course is descriptive in nature. The characteristics and relations of the various groups of the animal world are carefully studied. The most prominent of these relations is that of "simple to complex." That is, the simplest organisms are studied first; then follow those more complex, and so on to the most complex. Thus the co-ordina- tion of the various elements, pro- cesses and functions of any one group of animals forms the next group, in order of complexity. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 11 On the practical side, application is made to problems of sanitation, food production and consumption, hygiene, disease, and heredity. The greatest need of this department is additional microscopes, of the com- pound type, to facilitate histologic- al work ; a number of new books on Natural Science have been added to the library this year, but addi- tions will be constantly needed here also ; specimens for the mu- seum are also welcomed. Tempor- ary adjustments have been made for the biological work by placing a number of laboratory tables into one of the classrooms, together with shelves for equipment, etc. The new Gibbel Science Hall will meet the needs for adequate space for storerooms, laboratory and classrooms for this department. — L S. H. Science from the Christian Viewpoint In the present era of education we are passing through a great transition marked by the passing of the ancient classical and disciplin- ary studies and the ushering in of sciences to an ever-increasing de- gree and constantly widening range of choices. The pendulum of time has swung from the disciplinary view of education to the practical view. The school is coming to be looked upon as the means for trans- mitting and fostering the material- ly valuable portions of our racial inheritance. In this comparatively recent in- creasing emphasis upon science and physical matter there is great need on the part of the student and teacher of the proper viewpoint and a proper process of reasoning. Constantly handling material things and dealing with the prop- erties of matter may gradually cause the student to lose his sense of higher spiritual values and lead him to the point where he is prone to deny the existence of higher spiritual forms and realities. True reasoning demands a belief in God. Every student going into the laboratory ought to go thru with the aim of learning more of God. A course in school ought to bring one closer to God rather than lead one away from Him. A mind trained to think apart from the fundamentals of Christian truth is one of the great tragedies of modern education. The only rational process of thinking is the one which proceeds from the idea of the recognition of God as the center of the great realm of thought. Christian Educa- tion emphasizes the truth that we are living in a spiritual universe and that God is over and above all His creation. As the chemist analyzes matter he ought to be led to the thought that God the Divine author has spoken the whole realm of matter into existence. As the physicist discovers and applies the laws of physical matter he ought to bow in reverence to the Creator whose thoughts he is permitted to think after Him. With uncovered head he should stand in awe of the power that operates in secret at his 12 OUR COLLEGE TIMES feet. As the mathematician draws his plans and circles he ought not to fail to grasp the fact of the great Mathematical mind that planned and ordered the Universe. As the inventor brings forth his new product and the discoverer dis- closes some great truth; they are but acting in harmony with the great decree that man shall "Be fruitful, and multiply, and re- plenish the earth and subdue it." The Christian College tries to employ teachers of sound Christian character. There is a very large field of service open to the Chris- tian teacher of science. The teacher must create the atmosphere of the scientific laboratory and atmos- phere must ever foster a healthy, spiritual growth of the student. One of the great dangers of mod- ern secular education is the con- stant presence and pervading in- fluence of a laboratory instructor who may be a mighty engine of logic but may woefully lack the finer spiritual sensibilities that characterize the Christian who is in communion with God. A teacher with a flippant and unbelieving at- titude toward Christian truth may not only seriously vitiate the atmos- phere of a school but may wreck entirely the spiritual life of many of his students. Logic alone can- not solve the world's greatest prob- lems. The wisest and most con- structive thinker is he who admits his mental limitations and leaves sufficient room for faith. In short, the primal needs of the science department of a Christian College are the upholding of the fundamentals of Christian truth for mental stability and a Christian teacher for radiating an elevating atmosphere. — H. H. N At the opening of the winter livered a splendid inaugural ad- term, fourteen new members were dress on "Traits of Character." admitted to the society. The following program was then On December sixth, the society rendered: Music, Society; Discus- met in regular public session. The sion, Experience, Our Teacher, president, ■ Mr. Daniel Myers, de- Miss M. Ada Douty; Solo, The Mer- OUR COLLEGE TIMES 13 maid, Miss Kathryn Hassler. A timely and interesting debate on the subject, ''Resolved that the world-war has done more harm than good" was discussed affirma- tively by Miss Emma Zeigler and Mr. J. D. Reber and negatively by Miss Margaret Oellig and Mr. Robert Mohr; Reading, Both Sides, Miss Louise Jeter. This was follow- ed by a very unique trio, Poor Old Joe, Messrs. John Bechtel, Jr., Amos Meyer and Paul Zug. Regular Program Dec. 13 Music, Silent Night, Holy Night, Victrola; Recitation, Uncle Pete, Miss Ella C. Boaz; Reading, The Christmas Sheaf, Miss Mabel Fred- erick; Music, Victrola selection. A very good essay on "Gifts" was then given by Miss Ruby Oellig. Mr. Henry Wenger then delivered an oration "Spartacus to the Gladi- ators" in a forceful and delightful manner. — A. G. Y. Alumni Notes B. F. Waltz, '10 has resigned the Pa. He served in the Intelligence pastorate of the Elk Lick Church, Department of the U. S. Army dur- Elk Lick, Pa. ing the war. Tillman Ebersole, '11, is prin- cipal of the Quarryville (Lane. Co.) High School. Paul H. Engle, '15, took a lead- ing part in an operatic and ballad recital at Philadelphia on Friday evening, Dec. 5. Francis L. Oleweiler, '11, is in business with his father-in-law, Mr. W. A. Withers, since his return from service overseas with the U. S. Army. Scott Smith, '17, has returned to his former position as instructor in the High School at Nesquahoming, S. G. Meyer, '10, conducted a series of meetings in the Lititz congregation during the latter part of November. Twenty-three ac- cessions are the result of this evan- gelistic effort. Nora L. Hollenberg (nee Reber) '13, with her husband, will sail with a party of outgoing mission- aries for the China Field on Janu- ary 27. They served in the pas- torate of a congregation at Liberty, 111., just previous to the departure for their new field of activity. Jacob H. Gingrich, '15, accom- panied by Mrs. Gingrich, visited on College Hill on December 16. They spent part of their holiday vaca- tion at the home of Mr. Gingrich's parents, near Lebanon, Pa. Mr. 14 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Gingrich is pursuing graduate work in religious education at the University of Chicago in connec- tion with his work at Bethany Bible school as instructor in Expression. College Hill was the scene of a beautiful marriage ceremony on Christmas Day when Mary G. Her- shey, '15, became the wife of E. Merton Crouthamel, '11. The cere- mony took place at 4:30 p. m. in Music Hall, which was decorated in keeping with the occasion and the season. Eld. H. K. Ober was the officiating minister. The im- mediate families and a few friends of the bride and groom were the only guests. An informal recep- tion and luncheon followed the ceremony, after which the happy couple left for Butler, Pa., where Mr. Crouthamel is instructor of Mathematics in the High School. Letter From China The following letter, crowded out of the last issue, should have appeared in this column. — Ed. "We are much encouraged at the prospects for China with the new movement on foot for pushing missions, together with the intro- duction of the National Phonetic System, which is just beginning to attack China's illiteracy, and which we hope may, before many years, be the means of making the open Bible possible to all the Chinese throughout this great land. You will of course wonder what the Na- tional Phonetic System is. It is a phonetic alphabet for the Chinese language, consisting of thirty-nine symbols, and these symbols are then used in combination to form various words in the Chinese language. In the present system of Chinese, and the system which has been in use for many centuries past, there are thousands of char- acters, each character signifying a distinct word. As a result, only a very small percentage of the popu- lation of this country have been able to read. It is hoped and be- lieved, however, that by adopting and promoting the use of the Na- tional Phonetic Script it will enable those who are now illiterate to read and write intelligently in a short time. It is a Chinese product, being backed by the government, thus the illiterates look upon it not as one more dose of foreign medicine, but as a part of the national system of education. It is written verti- cally, just as the old characters have been, and a page written in the modified form has all the ap- pearance of Chinese. The new system is beyond the experimental stage and has splendid prospects of being made universal. It very vitally concerns the Christian Church in China, for we hope by it to enable every member of the church, as well as those outside, to be able to read the Bible for him- self. I, for one, am especially grateful for the simplified Chinese script for the purpose - of using it with the hospital patients, for we hope by this method to be able to help many to read God's word before leaving the hospital, for it can be very quickly learned. Since ' we have come here this summer I OUR COLLEGE TIMES 15 have undertaken to teach it to our cook, and in a very short time he had mastered the rudiments and in a few days time was able to read Mark's gospel quite readily, and I am expecting him, after his return home, to teach it to his mother and wife. "You will rejoice with me to know of the splendid work now being done in Shansi, the province in which our mission stations are located, for the governor has been very active during the past couple years in bringing about moral re- forms, encouraging education, etc. He is much in sympathy with the work being done by the mission- aries, and the opportunities for ser- vice on the part of the missionaries of Shansi at this time are unlimited. This is a very remarkable fact when one considers the open doors in Shansi today and the favorable attitude of the governor toward missionary efforts in contrast to the conditions at the time of the Boxea* uprising in 1900, when the province of Shansi was the most anti-foreign of any province in China. Our present governor now stands head and shoulders over any other provincial governor in China in the way of effecting moral reforms and paving the way for work to be done by our Christian missionaries. Governor Yen has been pushing the National Phonetic Script more than any other governor in China, he has been enforcing the unbinding of feet, endeavoring to wipe out the opium trade, pushing education, etc. During the past year many of the schools in our province have almost doubled in enrollment. We trust that many of the other provincial governors may follow his example. You will readily see from these facts that at the present moment the church has within its reach an unparalleled opportunity for evangelistic work, and for bringing under gospel instruction many of those with whom inter- course might otherwise be difficult. Pray that through Him we may be equal to our opportunities as they come to us." "It has been a great joy not only to hear of the Forward Movement in Missions put forth by the home church, but also to know that Eliza- bethtown College is making similar strides, and that there are splendid prospects ahead of the school be- coming a standardized institution. Am so glad to know of the good work being done and believe that by the time I again see good old Elizabethtown College she will have greatly outgrown her present walls and will have under her in- struction young men and women far outnumbering those of the past. May the dear Father continue to bless in your efforts to promote His cause, both in connection with the college and the work of the Church, and may His grace ever abound toward you is my prayer. Yours in the Master's service, — Bessie M. Rider. Sister Rider graduated from Elizabethtown College in the Ad- vanced Commercial Course in 1903. Later she took up literary work and then pursued a course of training in the General Hospital at Lancas- ter, Pa., from which she was gradu- ated as nurse in 1913. In June 1915 16 OUR COLLEGE TIMES she was accepted by the General Conference for the work in China, having spent the previous year at the Bethany Bible School. She reached China in March, 1916. She is now the nurse-in-charge at the hospital conducted by our workers at Ping Ting Hsien, in the province of Shansi, which position she has held since taking up the work there. She was the first American nurse among our missionary force in China. Other alumni at the same station with sister Rider are I. E. Oberholtzer, '06, and Mary A. Schaeffer, '13. School News Wanted — A hair curler, by Miss Boaz. Miss Shenk visited Miss Ethel Wenger at her home in the Mid- way Congregation. Prof. Hoffer delivered one of the important addresses at a local in- stitute in Elizabethtown recently. Mr. Hornafius very kindly acted as baggage master for Miss Hol- singer during the Christmas vaca- tion. We overheard Miss Henning say to one of the girls the other day — "Oh, it's shocking to hear you so quiet." One of the girls said about an- other, "Oh! she is so confection- ate." And again, "Oh, do be sensi- tive." (sensible). Dr. Coleman's lectures, reported elsewhere in this issue, were an in- spiration to all who heard them. They were deep in meaning and full of earnest thought. We are very happy to have with us again Miss Sara Royer who has recovered from her recent opera- tion. Miss Royer was glad to be able to resume her work. Miss Reber was speaking in Teacher's Training Class about holding teacher's meetings. She said, "If you can't have teacher's meetings once a week, have it twice a week." On the evening of December 17 some of the students walked to Newville to attend the Christmas program given by the Newville S. S. They reported that the pro- gram was excellent. In Educational Psychology the class was studying the laws of learning. They were observing the actions of a six-day old chick con- fined in a pen. Said Prof. Meyer, "Mr. R. what will this chick do to get out?" Mr. R. — "Jump up against the wall." Prof. M.— "What else will he do?" Mr. R. — Crow. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 17 As we go to press the students and faculty are leaving for their homes to spend the Yuletide. Our vacation will extend until January 5, so the New Year will be several days old when we meet again. The announcement by the Presi- dent in Chapel that Christmas va- cation was to be extended one week on account of the absence of sev- eral members of the faculty was greeted by a storm of applause. There has been quite a bit of sickness among the students re- cently. Our preceptress Miss Crouthamel, has been a friend in deed to all the girls. We certainly appreciate her services in our be- half. The new students are becoming adjusted to their new school home very rapidly. Things are a bit crowded but every one bears it cheerfully. On the whole, we are a very happy crowd on College Hill. We have been enjoying the privilege of using some of the Victrola records belonging to Mr. Ezra Wenger. Anyone who feels so disposed may continue the good work of presenting us with enter- tainment of this sort. of their hall at the beginning of the winter term. Conversation and a contest made the time pass rapidly. After enjoying the "eats" we all returned to our rooms happy in stomachs and hearts. A members' meeting of those be- longing to the Church of the Breth- ren was held for the students in Music Hall on December 16. Prof. Ober, Elder Taylor and Prof. Meyer gave instruction in church ordinances. These meetings are a great help to every student. On Thursday evening December 18, the chorus class under the di- rection of Mrs. Via, rendered a Christmas cantata in the chapel. It was entitled "The Greatest Gift." Mises Bartine and Jeter, Messrs. Royer and Meyer sang the solos. They were ably supported by the chorus. Mrs. Via is to be con- gratulated on the splendid results. Elizabethtown College had its full quota of delegates at the In- ternational Student Volunteer Con- vention held at Des Moines, Iowa, Dec. 31 — Jan. 4. Messrs. Ezra Wenger and A. C. Baugher repre- sented the student body and Prof. J. G. Meyer the faculty. An ac- count of the meeting by the dele- gates will be published in our next issue. Misses Ada and Martha Young delightfully entertained the girls On the evening of December 5, we enjoyed a splendid lecture on 18 OUR COLLEGE TIMES **What America Means to Me" by Dr. Evans. The lecture was full of humor and yet contained many nuggets of thought. Dr. Evans is a nephew of Lloyd George, the English premier, but is a citizen of the United States. His Irish good- humor was in evidence throughout the evening. The basket ball season opened with a public game on December 5. An enthusiastic crowd witnessed the game. The teams were evenly matched. It was a thriller from start to finish. The final score was 31-19. On Friday evening Dec. 12, the Day and Boarding undergrads met. The passing of the under- grads featured the playing of the first half. The score was 17-7 in favor of the undergrads at the end of the first half. The final score was 24-21 in favor of the under- grads. The season will only be a success if you make it so. Public games are played every Friday night. Come ! and cheer for your favorite team. Music Hall was the scene of a merry group of girls on the even- ing of December 17. The event was a surprise Christmas party for our friend and preceptress, Miss Crouthamel. To say she was sur- prised is expressing it mildly. Vic- trola music and some of the good old Christmas carols made all of us catch the spirit of the season. Then, too. Miss Kreps recited "The Trapper's Christmas Dinner" very effectively. Miss Douty, represent- ing the girls, presented Miss Crouthamel with a beautiful leather travelling bag as a token of our ap- preciation. After hearty good wishes we went to our rooms well pleased with the evening's cele- bration. — E. V. A. — R. W. Meeting of the P. S. E. A. The seventieth meeting of the Pennsylvania State Educational As- sociation convened at Philadelphia, Dec. 29 — Jan. 1. The big, out- standing topic of the meeting was, "Democracy — what are its de- mands on the public schools? How shall these demands be met?" Prominent educators from other states as well as from Pennsylvania were present to assist in the meet- ings. One of these educators, Prof. C. H. Judd. of the University of Chicago, said, in the course of an address, that there is a present de- mand for a clearer understanding of social obligations and for train- ing to meet these obligations. The school must anticipate the needs of the community and, not by narrow courses but by a comprehensive view of the needs of society, trains pupils to be efficient in the dis- charge of their duties to society. Dr. A. D. Yocum, of the Uni- versity of Pennsylvania, in speak- ing along the same line, named three great objectives, on the social side, for education: (1) We must provide an education which tends OUR COLLEGE TIMES 19 to give a solution to our democratic, social problems; (2) The in- dividual must be brought to a higher social level; (3) We must insure to every American an unem- barassed entrance into our demo- cratic, social intercourse. A demo- cratic solution involves the sur- render on the part of the individual of anything which conflicts with the common good. The Prohibition Amendment is an example of such a democratic solution. Prof. A. R. Brubaker, President of Albany Normal College, Albany, N. Y., stated the problem by say- ing that the school is dedicated to the transmission to youth of the folkways of democracy. Some of the things included in folkways are care of health, habits of in- dustry, the socialized will, social- ized self-control, respect for law and order, the merging of the in- dividual will into the social will. Of these the socialized will is the most important. The school must produce the social-minded citizen. Everything in the curriculum must have social value and must be brought into the greatest social re- lief. ''Righteousness exalteih a na- tion" — but righteousness in a de- mocracy is a social righteousness. Righteousness has been named the masterword in the Old Testament; it is also the masterword in de- mocracy. Pres. M. L. Burton, recently elected president of the University of Michigan, in an address on the demands of democracy, said that the war has taught us that educa- tion and democracy are insepara- ble. America believed in education before the war, but now she has a passion for education. The de- mands of democracy are three : First, it demands clear thinking on the part of everyone on all the is- sues before us. There is no room among us for the demagogue. We must use our heads. The things we have accepted as permanent in our democracy are all being questioned and are constantly undergoing changes. The only permanent ele- ment is the element of change. These problems of derfiocracy will always be before us, in some form or other. We must demand the facts; then we must insist upon legislation in keeping with the facts, when once they are at our disposal. We must acquire a calm- ness, a sane attitude, must see life steadily and see it whole — we must keep our heads. In the second place, democracy demands a profound respect for our American civilization. The present attitude of certain in- dividuals and groups should be a warning. We need constructive, sharply-defined thought for the next step before we wipe the slate clean and give up our present sub- stantial ways of doing. In the third place, democracy demands loyalty to the things which have value and which are considered vital to the life of our democratic institutions. —I. S. H. 20 OUR COLLEGE TIMES The Great Adventure Two young college boys were discussing a remarkable moving picture that they had seen. "It was exciting," said one, "but such things don't happen. They are made to order by the film com- pany. Nothing unusual happens nowadays. What chance is there for real adventure in our lives?" "There's the war. We could be- come aviators 'somewhere in France.' There would be thrills enough for you." "Yes but it isn't our war. What I want is real adventure in my own country." "There's Mexico. You might try that." "There's no 'adventure' in being shot at from behind a cactus or dy- ing of sunstroke on a treeless plain." 'What do you call adventure?" "Rescuing people in peril. Do- ing great things in the face of in- surmountable odds. Being a 'hero,' if you like. There's nothing left for a man here except money-grub- bing and politics and grinding in college. I wish I'd been born in the age of chivalry!" The student was half laughing, half serious as he spoke. Just then he looked up and saw coming down the street a group of noisy under- classmen, some of them new to city ways. They stopped near a questionable resort, and two of the number went in. The others stayed outside argu- ing with one who had hesitated to enter. In the light of the street the student who was eager for ad- venture could see in the face of the fellow student a look of fear and shame, as if he were hailing at the parting of the ways. He who had bewailed the lack of "chances" for heroism hesitated, too, but only for a moment. Then he hurried forward, stepped into the group surrounding the hesitat- ing boy, put his hand on his shoul- der and said, "Don't go!" The youth stared at him, recognized him as a senior he had admired at a distance, glanced round at the faces of his tempters, and then, with a cry, shook off a hand that had been on his arm and walked away. No one spoke; the senior joined his friend and they went on toward the campus. They did not refer to what had happened but when the student reached his room he found himself trembling as if he had passed through some tre- mendous experience. He had. The great adventure had come to him. The saving of a soul had fallen to his lot. As he prayed his mother's prayer that night he asked for a vision that sees the knighthood that always exists in every age, the chivalry of the pure in heart, the great adven- ture of saving souls that stand trembling at the parting of the ways that separate Death and Life. — Youth's Companion. ill imwii itMii Volume XVII 7^^^ Number 5 EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief I. S. Hoffer Associate Editor Ezra Wenger Departmental Editor H. H. Nye Alumni Editor J. G. Meyer Religious News Contributor Sara Shisler Society News Contributor Ada G. Young School News Contributors ] t> j ttt ( Raymond Wenger Business Manager H. A. Via Assistant Business Manager A. C. Baugher Our College Times is published month y during the Academic year by Elizabeth- town College. This paper will have to be discontinued as soon as the time of subscription expires as an action of the United States legislature. Please renew in time and report any change of address to the business manager. Subscription rates one dollar per year; fifteen cents per copy; six subscriptions $5.00. Entered as second-class matter April 19, 1909, at the Elizabethtown PostofSce. Editorials In This Issue their work. We hope all these ac- We have attempted to give a f.«"^*^ ^!" ^^ ^^^P^"^ ^"? '"^^^'■ rather extensive report of the work *^^^ *^ ^" «"^ ^^"^^^ workers. done in the Bible Institute and Training School. We hope thus to give to those who could not be ^^^ General Sessions present an account which will not The Bible Institute opened on only prove interesting but also in- Jan. 8 with a sermon by Eld. Albert structive. Sister Shickle's work in Hollinger, of Gettysburg, Pa., on Sunday School Pedagogies is given "Preparing the Heart for God's in such detail that our S, S. workers Truth." On the following evening can use this report as a guide in Eld. George Weaver, of Manheim, OUR COLLEGE TIMES preached on "A Race for Life." Two other evening sessions were given to illustrate lectures on our India Missions by Eld. Emmert; an- other evening service was used by Sister Lydia Taylor in an address on "Dress Reform." The remain- ing evening services, throughout both sessions, were conducted by Eld. Hoff , who preached sermons on "Stewardship," "Experiential Re- ligion," "The Unique Value of Re- ligion, or Christianity the Saving Power of the World," "The In- dwelling of the Holy Spirit," "Christian Growth," "Christian Service," "Regeneration," "The Second Coming of Christ," etc. Nine of our students stood for Christ during these meetings. The attendance during the daily sessions of the Bible Institue was very good, the largest attendance, Tuesday p. m., Jan. 13, being about 250, students excluded. The at- tendance during the Training School Sessions was not large but the interest was very good. Those who did attend expressed them- selves to the effect that this work should be perpetuated at our school and that more of our people should take advantage of these remark- able opportunities. Later we hope to say something further on the possibilities and outlook for work of this kind in the coming years. Endowment Campaign Notes The one large event at Eliza- bethtown College during the month of January was our Annual Bible Institute and Training School. The meetings were fraught with moun- tain-top experiences that put new zeal and redoubled determination into the faculty, the student-body, and our friends to make Elizabeth- town College an integral part in the great work of Christian education in our brotherhood. The college re- ceived a fresh baptism of the Holy Spirit. This spirit has swept over our two state districts, and congre- gation by congregation is doing their share in bringing our dream into reality. When our friends are brought face to face with the value of Chris- tian Education, practically all as- sist in our noble cause. The so- licitors frequently are told of the evil effects of sending young men and women to College. But there persons generally speak of those not going to a denominational col- lege. CHRISTIAN EDUCATION A — Its Value to the Individual 1. It provides for the perfect and symmetrical development of the whole man. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 6 2. It fits for the largest useful- ness. 3. It inspires to the highest ideals, motives and consecrated service. B — Its Value to the Church 1. It saves the Church from formalism and fanaticism. 2. It saves the Church from skepticism and infidelity. 3. It keeps science and religion in harmony. 4. It furnishes the. Church with her trained leaders. The Church gets ninety-two per cent, of all her ministers, mission- aries and other Christian workers from denominational colleges and less than four per cent, from the State schools. This alone makes the Christian college a necessity to the Church, and pays for all her outlay on her denominational colleges. In a period of five years, North- western University sent four-fifths as many missionaries to the foreign field as all the State Universities in America put together. Depauw University and Ohio Weslyan in the same period of five years, sent more missionaries to the foreign field than all the State Universities com- bined. Christian education is necessary to teach the significance and value of Christian stewardship. It has been said, "If the colleges and the universities have large need of wealth, this wealth has larger need of the college and the university. Without the aid of the higher edu- cation of the past, much of the wealth never could have been created ; and without the aid of the higher education of the present, wealth would become sordid. And gold dust is no less dust because it is golden. The man of wealth needs the college to help him to be a noble man, quite as much as the college needs his money to help it make noble men." The Nation needs this higher Christian education to furnish it with moral and religious states- manship. It is the glory of our American history that a majority of our leading statesmen have been religious men, or men educated, in Christian ideals, and many of them educated in our denominational Colleges. Justices of the Supreme Court Eight of the nine Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are college men and seven of the eight are from denominational Col- leges. Presidents of the United States Eighteen of twenty-six presi- dents of the United States are "col- lege men, and sixteen of the eigh- teen are from denominational col- leges. Masters of American Literature Eighteen of the twenty-six recognized leaders of American Literature are college bred men, and seventeen of the eighteen are from denominational colleges. OUR COLLEGE TIMES Members of Congress Of the members of Congress of 1915, receiving a college education, who were prominent enough to be mentioned in "Who's Who" two- thirds were from denominational colleges. Higher Christian education is necessary to save or help save the nation from the spirit of com- mercialism. One of the greatest perils that threatens our nation to- day is the money-loving, money- worshiping spirit; and the peril seems to grow with our rapidly in- creasing wealth. The story of our increase in wealth is like a fairy tale. Our increase in population has been fabulous, but our increase in wealth more so. To illustrate this point, Josiah Strong says: "Before the Civil War our popula- tion was estimated at thirty-three millions; fifty years after the close of the war it was one hundred mil- lions. Our wealth at the beginning of the war was estimated at nine billions; fifty years after the close of the war it was estimated at one hundred eighty-seven billions. In- crease of population three-fold, while the increase of wealth was almost twenty-one fold. Only the recognition of Christian Steward- ship on the part of our rich men can save us from the blighting in- fluence of commercialism." "Carve your name high over shift- ing sand Where the steadfast rocks defy decay — 'All you can hold in your cold, dead hand Is what you have given away.' "Build your pyramid skyward and stand Gazed at by millions, cultured they say — 'All you can hold in your cold, dead hand Is what you have given away.' "Count your wide conquests of sea and land, Heap up the gold and hoard as you may — 'All you can hold in your cold, dead hand Is what you have given away.' Elders S. H. Hertzler and Ralph W. Schlosser solicited the Carlisle congregation on January 21 and 22. The solicitors had the privilege of demonstrating Bro. Jacob E. Trimmer's new limousine. Bro. Trimmer very ably managed the work in this church. This congre- gation is another for the honor roll. The quota is more than reached and seven homes not visited on ac- count of a lack of time. At present writing the solicitors are at work in the Ephrata Congre- gation. Our members are awake to the needs of our school and we are joy- fully looking for the early stand- ardization of the college. To help to endow a Christian college is the most efficient use a Christian can make of time, strength and money. — R. W. S. OUR COLLEGE TIMES Bible Institute and Training School Homiletics and Book Study Brother Hoff' s three weeks' stay at College has given us the oppor- tunity to know him as a teacher, a preacher and a friend. Our first impression was that he is a real Christian man, and his presence and work among us have only en- larged and deepened that first im- pression. He is deeply spiritual and yet his Christianity is very practic- al. His optimism and keen sense of humor make his spirit con- tagious. With due consideration of his capabilities, we agree with him that he has greatest power as a teacher. The first test that is usually applied to a teacher is whether the subject matter is well in hand- Bro. Hoff's knowledge of the Bible is so complete that it was a constant challenge to all. He did much of his teaching without re- ferring to his Bible. Outlines of whole books are so well fixed that he is able to outline them from memory. His own love for the Bible, his exhaustive knowledge of it, and his simple yet effective methods of teaching, all inspire a love for God's word. He brings out nuggets where one expects to find them and where one does not. His insight into Divine truth is remarkable and his power to dig it out and pass it on is just as remarkable. Bible characters are real living men and women. He knows them and lives thru their experiences. Events happen again as he teaches. Ideals become more possible as he points them. The students have been especially inspired "to become." "I would rather live the next ten years than in any fifty years that are past," is one of the many statements that awakened a strong response from young men and women. There is also drawing power in his teaching. People sit and drink in all he gives. When they are drawn his holding power acts and causes them to fol- low him in his work. During the Bible Institute he taught the Book of Acts from 9 :00 to 10:00 a. m. He gave a general outline of the book and told us that Acts 1 :8 contains the main di- visions of the book. Many good thoughts were emphasized, several of which were : "Things go when heaven and earth touch. What is born out of prayer is usually pretty good stuff." In speaking about Paul's call he said, "Men who are doing something get a call." One period was spent in a very interesting study of Job. He made several present day applications by saying, "We don't have enough re- ligion to be persecuted for it. As long as the church was loyal enough to be persecuted she pros- pered." He opened the Book of Revela- tion so far during one period that its mystery began to clear. Many of those present ordered a copy of his book entitled, "The Message of the Book of Revelation." He has 8 OUR COLI.EGE TIMES a very simple and practical in- terpretation. Two periods were given to the study of Romans. One regret that Bro. Hoff had in all his work was that time allowed only a scan in- stead of a thorough study. He brought out the biggest lessons and commented on them, and urged that each one study the book and find its meaning. Some striking statements given were — "Only one thing can separate me from the love of Christ, my own will. Ex- ternal things have no nower." A man doesn't find his own best will until he has lost it in the will of God." In speaking of judgment in Chapter Two he said, "The world often blasphemes God because of our lives, and often lives beyond us in many things." Another period was spent on Prophecy. He had time only to name the leading prophets and make some comments. In speaking about the Messianic predictions in the prophets and their relation to the N. T. he said, "A man who criticizes the Bible is either ignorant or mean." During the two weeks Training School Bro. Hoff taught the follow- ing: Old Testament History from 9:00 to 10:00 a. m., Homiletics from 2:00 to 3:00 p. m., and the Gospel of St. John from 7:00 to 8:00 p. m. He taught the Old Testament section of "Training the Sunday the author of the Old and New School Teacher," — Book I. He is Testament Study sections of this book. Bro. Hoff has traveled in the Orient and this enabled him to pre- sent the scenes of the past in the Orient in a most vivid manner. His extensive study and wide ex- perience constantly gave the class the advantage of a far broader viewpoint in the study of these les- sons than they could have had in personal study. The historical books of the Old Testament were presented to the class in their chronological order. The historical setting of the books of poetry and of prophecy was shown. A simple plan of systematic map drawing was also taught. Much interest was centered on the Homiletics class. Bro. Hoff set standards for the preacher and his sermon and began to make those standards practical at once. Each day one or two members of the class preached a short sermon. This was helpful to the one who preach- ed and to those who listened, be- cause the criticisms given on each message were constructive in form- ing a concept of the best sermon and how to make it most effective. Besides this, the ones who gave the messages found their strong and weak points and will know what to do in order to preach with more power. Some of the requirements of a good sermon as summed up during the last class period are: The truth of the message, appropriateness of message, well in hand, simplicity, sincerity, delivery and illustrations. All of these should be carefully considered, but the one that Bro. OUR COLLEGE TIMES Hoff is most concerned about is that the message is absolutely true. The work on the Gospel of St. John can best be summed up in Bro. Hoff's own words, "I led you to the nuggets of truth and said, "Here it is. Dig it out and make the very most of it." Time was too short to present anything but a general outline of the Book and short pauses at the high points. But we are sure that he accom- plished his purpose which was to make people hungry. His niethods of study are so simple and the truths he gleams so rich that his teaching is a continual challenge to each one's best efforts in prayer- ful Bible Study. To appreciate all of this work is to have heard. Not to have heard is to have missed a wonderful mountain top experience, full of the biggest visions and richest spiritual blessings. Bro. Hoff was God's messenger, humble and un- assuming, thru whom God spoke with power. — S. C. S. Sunday School Pedagogics "She certainly knows children!" "What could it mean to have been taught by a teacher like her?" Ex- pressions such as these could be heard at every turn on College Hill. Of whom were they speaking? It is Miss Elsie Shickle, our Bible Term instructor-friend from Roa- noke, Virginia. We enjoyed every moment of her company. Her wide and varied practice has given her many interesting experiences which we were always ready to hear. "Pedagogy," she said, "is the art of teaching." But, alas, how few of us who claim to be teachers pos- sess this art. She treated this art of teaching largely as it figures in the Sunday School. The following is an attempt at summarizing what she gave in eight one-hour periods. The Sunday School is the church at work, teaching and studying the Work of God for the purpose of ef- fectively (1) winning souls to Christ; (2) building souls up in Christ; and (3) sending souls out for Christ. The three leading things involved in the process of teaching are: 1. The course of study (Bible). 2. The teacher (agent) 3. The pupil (the most im- portant) Every pupil is what he is be- cause of three factors: first his heredity — we are duty bound to recognize all his inborn capacities as far as possible with a willingness to distinguish both the good or de- sirable and the bad or undesirable, to perpetuate and develop the for- mer and to waste the latter by dis- use. Second, his environment is a vital factor in making him what he is — and we are responsible for it in so far as we can promote his phys- ical, mental, moral and spiritual life. And, third, his will helps to determine his destiny — and it is for us to encourage him to choose for himself, and often to direct. Commonly the grouping of chil- dren is done according to this plan : up to three years of age — Cradle 10 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Roll; four to five, or six — Begin- ners; six, or seven to eight — Primaries; nine totw^elve — Juniors; thirteen to sixteen — Intermediates; seventeen to twenty-four — Seniors; tw^enty-five to the oldest — Adults. Children are different from adults physically but much more different mentally; and these dif- ferent periods in the child's life de- mand different methods of treat- ment. To fulfill these demands we must study, know, and deal in- dividually with our pupils. In teaching children we must take into account the various pos- sible ways of approach, namely: hearing, sight, touch, smell and taste. And in presenting anything to be learned, we do best if we pro- vide for the use of as many of these five gateways as possible. For ex- ample we can tell the story and use objects or pictures; thus the chil- dren hear, see and touch and can perhaps smell and taste. Some educator has said that we do not know a thing till we can tell it; the Sunday School teacher has a splendid chance to test her work and to increase the interest of her pupils by allowing them to tell in story, picture, sand table or clay, what she has told. Following are a few character- istics of BEGINNERS which must not be crushed (as is commonly done) but should be wisely di- rected, for they are God given and valuable : selfishness ; imitation ; im- agination, which makes it so diffi- cult for them to distinguish be- twe.en what they see and hear and what they think; the animistic quality, prompted by which they see horses in chairs, real babies in dolls, etc.; curiosity — they are full of questions; and fear, which evi- dently comes from their desire to know, yet inability to explain, be- ginnings. And it is our business as teachers to lead them from that fear to God consciousness — to know that God sees. Of great importance is the way in which we answer their many and sometimes puzzling questions. If such baffling questions come to us from their curious little minds we easily do harm by saying, "Don't bother me now!" or "I don't know," or some other such answer by which we often try to quiet them or to escape other annoying questions. How much would it be to say, "I don't know but God knows." Above all, if we can answer, let us take time and do so for, after all, that is what we are here for (to help one another) and the children are the hope of the world. Following is a program plan for the BEGINNERS' class period: 1 Opening Music, song of greeting; 2 Opening prayer, the children being taught to take part; 3 Cradle Roll enrollment, entering new names; 4 Birthday offering; and regular of- fering; 5 Circle Talk, time to talk about things that interest them, from the first day of school to a new dress or new neighbors, from a fall on the ice to a runaway or fire, if tactfully directed this circle talk will often lead up to the re- view of the lesson of the previous Sunday; 6 Review, in questions and answers or in story given by pupils; OUR COLLEGE TIMES 11 7 Activity, song and expression of last lesson or others in drawing, cutting, pasting, sand-table work or playing, etc.; 8 Story of to-day's lesson; 9 Closing, Short prayer, song, giving papers, etc, good-bye song. Song and moving about for exercise should come in as often as needed. This must not be neglected, for beginners can not sit quiet longer than several minutes at a time. Beginners' memory work should be slight, consisting of a few easy verses, little prayers, short children's songs and poems. Their religious training will consist of learning that God sees everything, cares for and loves us, and that we show our love for Him by our obedience to those over us. More important than the at- tractive classroom with its com- fortable seats and various ma- terials, and the program is the teacher's knowledge of his or her pupils. The ways to learn to know them are: (1) Study books on child study; (2) Study our own past childhood; and (3) Study the chil- dren themselves, especially in the light of their home conditions. We must remember that little things are big to them and we must recognize them. To be just we must study children's motives before we judge, scold, or punish. We must put ourselves in their places and we will be better able to do what is right by them. With- out such sympathy and love we are sure to fail, for they are the key to the child heart and only if we possess them can we explore the "wonderland" of his life. To be successful we must know their physical and mental strength and condition (do they hear well, see well, are they nervous, naturally cheerful, shy or forward, warm enough, etc., etc.) Practically the same program plan is a good one for the PRI- MARY class; the details of course should be different. The primaries are neither so selfish nor so sug- gestible as the beginners. Instead of being so fearful the former are very emotional. This condition may be due perhaps to the condi- tion of his nervous system, brought about by unfixed habits of eating, etc. Their activity is more pur- poseful than that of the previous period. Primary pupils may be expected to memorize a little more than they did as beginners, for example, the Lord's Prayer. Their religious train- ing is chiefly of the power of God. Our chance for this is the moment when they recognize that there is some mighty power that continues things. The abnormal pupils should be taught in a separate class. Some characteristics of the JUNIORS are helpful to the teachers of the boys and girls of this class. They are active they want to be doing something and that something must be worthwhile. The boys like to play together in "bunches" and girls like to play in crowds of girls. Beginning with this grade, boys and girls should have their own classes, one large reason being that they don't want to be together in the same class. Men should teach the boys and ladies the girls. 12 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Junior boys and girls like to read stirring stories of people who do things and, whether we wish it so or not, they will read. Much will depend upon what they read now, therefore they need to be guided in choosing. In this Golden Memory Age, as it is called, they should be en- couraged to memorize much, as the names of the Books of the Bible and their classification, verses and their locations, Psalms (first, twenty- third) and even long chapters. The memorizing of songs should be given especial emphasis in this period. During this period maps can best be impressed. If for any reason there could be no Junior class and there are one or two Juniors, put them with the next higher grade rather than with the primaries. The next two periods comprise the Adolescent period. Organiza- tion is good here if its definite pur- pose lies in the good of the church or of the community. It must give everybody a chance to do things if the class is to be held. INTERMEDIATES— I n this period of awkwardness, as much as in any, children need our sympathy and people who can love and sympathize are wanted for them. In this period it is that clothes are too small and feet and hands so large. We should never laugh at their awkwardness. Just now we must be very careful that in trying to make our way into their hearts we do not force too hard and drive them away. The boys and girls, of- ten do not accept adult authority. Let us awake, for during this period it is that the greatest number leave the Sunday School. We must con- secrate everything we are and have for we must save them for His ser- vice. This is sometimes called the peri- od of hoarding. The best dicipline anywhere is the best working atti- tude; so let us get the boys and girls to doing things. They surely will like to collect postcards, paste them together and send them to the missionaries together with cut patch- es strung in bundles, and countless other things. During this period we must help them fix good habits of prayer, Bible Study, reverence in holy places, etc. They can often to good advantage be intrusted with the opening or closing exercises of the Sunday School. A program plan which may be used is: (1) Opening, (2) Drill Hymns, Bible Characters, verses, etc.; (3) Re- view; (4) Activity (Map Work es- pecially) ; (6) New Lesson. In all the grades thus far discussed the classes should not number more than eight. In the early SENIOR period the watchword again is "Sympathy." In these years they are so self-con- scious, and we too often accuse them of being silly, and giggling, tickled in church over nothing. Be- ware of open, harsh and unjust criticism, for it may prove dis- astrous. At this time the desire for read- ing is again very strong and the club spirit has to a certain extent given way to a great delight in ro- mantic stories. As teachers we OUR COLLEGE TIMES 13 should often ask ourselves. "Is this the most worthwhile and fitting thing I can give them just now?" We must provide for their social life, or they themselves will and the "movies" are likely to be a means they will select. The seniors of the later part of the period are much more serious than earlier; they begin to plan for life. This is the opportune time to organize to do actual Christian ser- vice. They like to lead and direct. Miss Shickle gave us a talk on STORY-TELLING also. "A story," she said, "is a narration of events, true or imaginary, which form a vitally connected whole, presented in such a way that it appeals to the feelings rather than to the in- tellect. The power to tell a story to little children is a divine art." Story-telling can be used to a great extent and to very great advantage. Children of different ages want dif- ferent kinds of stories. Beginners like stories of children, homelife and of animals. Juniors like stories of adventure, and biographies of both men and women. Adolescents like stories of things done and to be done. The good story-teller has a pur- pose in giving her story (entertain- ment or a lesson), uses some ges- tures; keeping her voice low, she uses easy enough definite terms in good English ; uses short stories with not too much description; keeps right on with the action of the story with certainty; does not make her morals too plain, but al- lows her pupils (especially Jun- iors) to find and tell the moral. Beside her public instruction Miss Shickle has been very help- ful to many of us by her willing- ness to help us solve our various in- dividual problems. Let us be sin- cere in our work and begin anew to teach the word of God and to put the Christ life into our children. We are being measured and sound- ed — let us ring true. — Martha G. Young Dress Reform During the regular Bible Term we were favored by several short talks on "Dress" by Sister Lydia Taylor, who is working for the "Dress Reform committee" of the Church of the Brethren. She has had large experience in this work and gives very good talks on the conditions of today. One talk on "The Problem of Dress" was especially interesting. In it she gave us many things to consider more seriously. One ques- tion for all of us to think through carefully is, "Does dress affect one's character or does character affect the dress? or both?" Our bodies are temples given by God. Let us clothe them in ac- cordance with his will. Live the simple life which allows us to put first things first. If we deck our bodies with ruffles, lace and jewels we have our minds centered on them and forget God. All that can be put on the body can not gain and hold friends for us. It is the personality of the individual that can hold friends. 14 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Conditions in America today are getting worse and yet they are get- ting better. So many people follow Madame Fashion where'er she leads, but there are some who are becoming awakened and are work- ing for the day to come when all people will dress modestly and sensibly. Today woman is undressing her- self instead of dressing. She has taken the big sleeves from her dress and now scarcely has any at all. So many wear waistless gowns today. Finally Madame Fashion took two feet from the length of her skirt and then she took two widths out of it. In the winter she wears veil waists and thin silk stockings to keep warm and in the summer she puts on furs to keep cool. A Christian in simple attire is al- ways respected. Let us live the simple life as Christ did. If people would strive for that gilt-edged modesty which is the highest type, how soon this world would be- come better. It is the opposite of brazen facedness and loudness. We read in I Timothy 2 :9 how a woman should adorn herself. What is cost- ly arrayment? This does not mean that we shall use poor material. We should use the best food, the best material for our church houses and also the best clothing. This means clothing that is plain and simple and will last awhile. Something that does not go out of style, like the standard suits that are made to order. People today do not do what they ought to do but what they want to do. In I Corinthians 10 :31 we read that "Whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God." Then let us dress to the glory of God. Simple dress has different relative values. There is an economic value, a psychological value and an aesthetic value. The most beauti- ful is the most simple as shown by the great demand for the painting called "The Madonna." This pic- ture of the mother and child is taken from simple life j&nd does not portray jev/elry and ruffles and lace. What we put on our bodies tells if we are witnessing for Christ or not. Gold is Satan's display. Live up to your profession or change it. It doesn't pay to profess one thing and be something else. Morals are lowered by the dress of today. But the thinking women have arisen. They don't buy the hobble skirt and French heels. They fit the shoe to the foot and not the foot to the shoe. "Yes, victory is coming and we will win the day." Sister Taylor met with our Col- lege girls and gave them a direct and instructive talk on Christian dress and the relation of our sisters to this persistent, present-day problem. — K. Mildred Baer. Our India Mission Among the very interesting num- bers of our regular Bible Term were five lectures on India and two illustrated lectures on the people of India and the work of the mission- OUR COLLEGE TIMES 15 aries, given by Elder Jesse Emmert, who is home on furlough. Elder Emmert took up his work in India seventeen years ago and is now home on his second furlough, after which he expects to go back and resume his work at Bulsar. He gave an interesting account of the Sunday Schools in India. In order that we might get some idea of the work along this line in that country he put the following ac- count on the board: India Sunday School Unions 102 different societies. 1,788,627 Christians in these so- cieties. 14,641 Sunday Schools. 18,384 Teachers. 505,114 pupils. This makes an average of 34 pu- pils per school and 21 per teacher. According to this they have 1.25 teachers per school. Their need of good teachers is great. The Sunday Schools in our mis- sion have been making progress. Seventeen years ago there were 3 Sunday Schools, and now there are 73. The following is an account of the Sunday School in our mission at Bulsar: 2217 enrollment. 126 teachers. 1.7 teachers per school. 30 pupls per school. 18 pupils per teacher. At Bulsar a Teacher Training class trains christian natives to carry on the work. They take a deep interest in their work and sometimes surpass us Americans in their willingness to do Sunday School work. They are more will- ing to teach a class when asked to do so than we who have had more and better training. Many are very grateful for the missionaries. When they pray they say "We thank Thee for America sending the missionaries to us," or "Help that the churches of Amer- ica may prosper.' Eld. Emmert also gave us a vis- ion of the opportunities for dif- ferent kinds of work on the mis- sion field. Our opportunities are limited by our capacity. 'Our mis- sions need spiritual teachers in the Biblo i'^hools. They need one for the boys and one for the girls. Literary men and women are need- ed, some one to give them uplift- ing and helpful stories, some one to give them good literature. The need of medical men and women is very great. They have only three doctors and more people come to them than can be cared for. The poor are given as good medicine as the rich but are charged only one or two cents while the rich pay one dollar. People who understand music well are needed. One of the most inspiring thing is song service. They often have song services until twelve and one o'clock at night and some services last until morning. Then there is great need for an all around missionary, a singer, di- rector and disciplinarian. Some may say, "why send mis- sionaries to the field?" The answer comes, "To help them to better con- ditions mentally and establish a church of Jesus Christ in India." 16 OUR COLLEGE TIMES There are all types of Christians in India, as in America. There are those who have been picked up from the lowest caste and are very honest and sincere Christians. Eld. Emmert told of one man who was under conviction for thirteen years and after he accepted Christ he was ready to die for Him. He tried hard to get other natives accept Him as their Saviour. The Indian people think America is next to Heaven. Many long to see America. They ask our mis- sionaries for teachers but they have none to give them. India and the other dark countries are loudly calling for our best men and women to bring them the light. Will we heed the call? — K. Mildred Baer. Our School Departments The Bible As A College Text Book One of the greatest problems of the present system of education is the one with reference to the po- sition which the Bible shall occupy in our general study. On every hand there are glaring instances of the neglect of this sacred book. During our colonial and early na- tional period of education, even down to the time of our own grand- fathers we learn that the Bible oc- cupied a very prominent place in general study. It was a leading textbook for reading in the school and in the home it was a general means of enjoyment during the long winter evenings by the fire- side. There are a number of rea- sons for this. There was a scarcity of reading matter and general literature. Books and magazines were rare and costly. Then, too the home was less divided and shattered by the inroads of diversi- fied industry and social allure- ments. Since about 1840, however, a great and notable change has been taking place. The days of secular- ized education had come and the Bible was destined to find not only a secondary place in the curricu- lum but in many cases to be crowd- ed out. The constant clamoring of new studies for a place in the cur- riculum was another social force barring out this book. As a result our boys and girls are steeped in the study of science and material things at the expense of studying sacred literature. Furthermore, the rush of our commercial age and strong social allurements seem to leave very little time at present for Bible study even in our homes. Not only has secularized educa- tion crowded the Bible out of the school and relegated it to an in- conspicuous place but the Higher Critics who are a "refined pro- duct" of extreme secularization have gone much farther than this. They have actually tried, with OUR COLLEGE TIMES 17 their pickaxes of infidelity, to deny the Divine Inspiration of the Book and to dethrone the Son of God. What is left of Bible study in many colleges and universities is mere mockery or farce. These conditions of our day are not without their deplorable ef- fects. Many of our most thought- ful educators of the present day are astounded with the general lack of Bible knowledge prevailing among students in general. They are also deploring the moral atmos- phere and the immoral conduct ex- isting in many of our most promi- nent state institutions. Further- more, the ideals dominating the conduct and setting forth the life purposes of the student do not savor of moral nurture, to say nothing at all of Christian culture. The Christian College can today play a very prominent part in our national life by exalting once more the Bible to a place in our schools and colleges from which it has been thrust by the forces of secularizing. To be sure, we as a people have gained untold material and spirit- ual blessings by a secularized pub- lic school system but to have these at the expense of desecrating the Bible is to pay too expensively for them. May the day soon come when the christian colleges shall assert themselves more vigorously in this great battle for the Truth and may the Book of Books triumph over its foes. — H. H. N. Alumni Notes Wanted- bers. -More K. L. S. mem- Wanted — Brave, industrious stu- dents. Hard work, short hours and double pay. See committee on Literary Societies. Don't delay. The Alumni Editor will be glad for any news about former students and especially for any item of in- terest about our Alumni. Mr. Walter K. Gish. '05, who moved to Canada several years ago to take charge of a government tract, has recently moved to Stet- ler. Alberta, Canada. Will E. Glasmire. '07, his wife Leah, '08, and family are staying at Bro. J. F. Graybill's, '07, Malmo, Sweden, until April 1, 1920, when they intend to locate in Denmark to take charge of the work there. The commtttee on Literary So- cieties has announced the Senior oratorical contest for February, twenty-seventh. Mr. L. D, Rose, the donor of these prizes has raised the amount to twenty-five dollars. Although the weather has not been so favorable for some of our public meetings, yet the attendance has been good, the programs well 18 OUR COLLEGE TIMES rendered and much enjoyed by ev- eryone. Recently our cradle roll was in- creased by two girl visitors. The one Leah Mary came to the home of E. M. Hertzler, '16 and the other, Elizabeth, came to brighten the home of Condry Long, '12, of Washington, D. C. Verda E. Eckert, '17, was mar- ried to Elmer Gibbel one of our former students on Jan. 24, 1920. On New Year Laban Wenger and Nancy Horst were married. Mr. Wenger was a former student. We wish both these couples a happy and prosperous future. The members of the K. L. S. have all gotten a great deal of inspira- tion during our Bible Term and Teacher Training Course to ever strive on. A gem which fits us very well is: Our Society must grow, glow and go Because I will help to make it so. L. D. Rose, '11 of Uniontown, Pa., has recently increased his do- nation for prizes for our Oratorical Contest from fifteen to twenty-five dollars. Mr. Rose has a growing interest in his Alma Mater and we take this opportunity to express our appreciation of this enlarged dona- tion for the Oratorical Prizes. —J. G. M. Society met in public session, Saturday, January 17th, 1920 at 3:00 p. m. The program rendered was as follows: Music by the oc- tette, "Happy Welcome;" This was followed by a very interesting dis- cussion by Mr. Ephraim Hertzler. We were then entertained with a reading "How Mr. Croville counted the Shingles on his House," by Miss K. Mildred Baer. Miss Laura Frantz then favored us with the biography of Luther Burbank, which showed that she spent a con- siderable amount of time on it. This was followed by the Literary Echo by Miss Ada G. Young. The E. C. Quartette then sang "God Bless Our President." Last, but not least, verily, no, we were addressed by our very worth-while brother and friend. Eld. E. B. Hoff. Regular Program January 31, 1920 President's Inaugural Address; OUR COLLEGE TIMES 19 "Idealism," Mr. Chester Royer; Music, Solo, "You, Only You," Miss Mildred Gish ; Question Box, con- ducted by Mr. Stanley Ober; Music, Victrola Selection, "Caprice Poetic" ; Reminiscences of the Bible Term, Miss L. Anna Schwenk; Sym- posium. Which of these men did most for the public schools in Penn- sylvania? Nathan Schaeffer, Ruby Oellig; Thaddeus Stevens, Letha Spangler; J. P. Wickersham, Ira Brandt. Music, "Beautiful Flag," Junior Male Quartette, Critic's Re- marks. The following committees v/ere then appointed : Program : Prof. Nye, Miss L. Anna Schwenk, Mr. Raymond Wenger, Arrange- ment: Mr. Edward Zeigler, Mr. Oliver Zendt, Mr. Walter Keeny. Order: Mr. Stanley Ober, Mr. Robert Mohr, Mr. Milton Best. —A. G. Y. School News Ask "Bud" Wenger how he likes skating. Miss Trimmer never gets the 'horrors" of skating. Ask the ladies of the Girls' Dorm about strange noises at night. Daniel Myers in Modern History, "The Quakers fought against war." Miss A. was heard remarking, "I wonder what a sky hook looks like?" Mrs. I. J. Kreider, our former art teacher, paid us a short visit during Bible Term. Prof. Ober attended a meeting of the General Sunday School Board in Elgin, Jan. 28-30. We are glad to report that Miss Lucy Brenneman, one of our stu- dents has recovered from her re- cent illness. Rev. Stoddard of Washington, D. C, spoke briefly in Chapel on "Secret Societies," one afternoon during Bible Term. Daniel Baum seems to be weak in his pedal extremities; at least no banana peelings were around when he fell in the Library. Miss R. O., who is studying rhet- oric, was heard saying one day, "Oh, Where's my "Wooley"? Whom did she mean? Prof. M. — "I didn't get my auto license yet?" Mr. A. C. B. — No, I didn't get my license either." The visitors were very generous in their praise of the work and con- duct of the students. This speaks well for the school. Will we up- hold this standard? It depends on YOU as students. 20 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Two of the girls were seated in a room when the light went out sud- denly. Miss S — : "Are you a- fraid?" Miss J. O. : "Oh no, I'm not afraid when I'm not alone." Mr. Ober, to Mr. Raff ensberger : "Which is your favorite five and ten cent store?" Mr. R.— Any store where I can buy a 5-cent package of Hershey's chewing gum. Among former students who were Bble Term visitors we note the following: Misses Nies, Price, Heistand, Eberly, Royer, Longen- ecker, Myer, Gibble, Messrs. Bard Kreider and Gibble. The trustees of the college met here for business Jan. 8. On that day we heard one of them say "My, these good meals make we wish I were a boy at school again." Student — "Yes, then you'd wish the trustees would come twice a week." Thursday evening, Jan. 22 mark- ed the third number of our lecture course. The feature was a reading, "The Dawn of Tomorrow" by Miss Margaret Stahl. Miss Stahl is a reader of more than ordinary abil- ity and she delighted her audience with the presentation of the various characters of the story. Elizabethtown, Pa., Jan. 17, 1920. Dear Brother :~ I am proud to say that I am the only Theodore Roosevelt in our school. I am very fond of hunting as you well know and I fre- quently capture a "Bair or a "Bea- ver." I find this a most enjoyable pastime. Your loving brother. L D. B. On the evening of January 6, the Senior Class entertained the faculty at an informal reception in Music Hall. The room was profusely decorated with the class colors, pennants and cushions. Games and contests were introduced and the time passed very pleasantly. Dainty refreshments were served and when the "good nights" were said the faculty voted that the class was a fine host. These cold days are a boon for the Winter sport enthusiasts. Skat- ing is in vogue at present, with hik- ing out into the country a close sec- ond. The great out-of-doors ought to appeal to every red-blooded American as it is a God given op- portunity for the development of our bodies. Eld. Hoff said, "We must not develop our intellect at the expense of our bodies. There is nothing more pitiable than a phy- sical wreck at the end of a school career." Exercise and be physical- ly able and thereby increase your mental capacity. Basket ball is the major indoor sport at present. Practice is held every evening. Interest in the game is increasing every day. On January 16th the Day Stu- dents and Seniors met in a public game. Score was 28 to 24 in favor of the Day students. \!^>SL\ iiiffi MLiMii mm Volume XVI I ^T^^-^-^-— t^ i i-^ Number 5^ EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief I. S. Hoffer Associate Editor Ezra Wenger Departmental Editor H. H. Nye Alumni Editor J. G. Meyer Religious News Contributor Sara Shisler Society News Contributor Ada G. Young School News Contributors ] „ ' j ttt I Raymond Wenger Business Manager H. A. Via Assistant Business Manager A. C. Baugher Our College Times is published month y during the Academic year by Elizabeth- town College. This paper will have to be discontinued as soon as the time of subscription expires as an action of the United States legislature. Please renew in time and report any change of address to the business manager. Subscription rates one dollar per year; fifteen cents per copy; six subscriptions $5.00. Entered as second-class matter April 19, 1909, at the Elizabethtown Postoffice. Editorials The Des Moines Conference to the school a verbal report of the rp, J 1 i. 4. i. J X proceedings, addresses, visions, in- Three delegates — two students . ^. , ,. ^^u- A u ^ 4.T_ ^ li. spiration, and consecrations oi this and a member of the faculty — were ^ ^ -, ,, i i. j ^ 4- A u ^-u 4-' ij^uj conference. It was thought ad- elected by the entire student body . , , ^ . , , -l. i. + ^ TTii- u ^U4- /^ 11 visable to include a somewhat ex- to represent Elizabethtown College , , , ^ • ^ r^ n m- r.^- 4-u T7- 1,4-1, T 4- 4-- 1 C.4- J 4- tended report m Our College Times at the Eighth International Student . , ^ . -, i. ■rx , , ^ ,. u ij 4. T-v m order to give our readers as much volunteer Convention, held at Des „ ^, , ^„, ^ ,, ^r. T T^ o-i-inini-T of the benefit of these meetings as Moines, Iowa, Dec. 31, 1919 to Jan. , ^^ „ .,, , -looA A -J ui -4-- -c may be gotten from a written re- 4, 1920. A considerable portion of this issue is devoted to a report of P^^^- ^^ ^^P® *h^^' i^ reading the convention by these delegates, these articles, you will catch some- They used a few hours in bringing thing of the message which this OUR COLLEGE TIMES great gathering is intended to con- vey. Of what benefit can such a con- ference be to our College? In the first place, it gives an opportunity to study the leaders of great move- ments, to learn something of their methods, their equipment for their tasks, their attitude toward life, their sources of power, and their contacts with those whom they lead. Each of us, to some extent, functions both as a leader and as a follower. By observing great leaders we learn, for our own use, of the difficult yet desired art of leadership. In the second place, it helps us to think in large terms. Here we are, busy with our own problems. We are likely to become so en- grossed in the immediate and the present that we become oblivious to the ultimate and supremely valuable. In conventions like these we are brought into touch with men who "see life steadily and see it whole," who out of large capacity and wide experience are ac- customed to think in nationwide and worldwide terms, who have their "fingers on the pulse of the world" and understand its needs and problems. We see our relation to the world outside of our im- mediate surroundings; we are face to face with the task of adjusting ourselves to the problems and de- mands of the world. In the third place, such meetings give inspiration. Without doubt this is the greatest benefit derived from them. Inspiration re-enforces the will, thus setting to work the abilities of men. The man or woman with a good education and complete training needs an inspira- tion to set him to work on worth- while tasks. The inspiration fur- nishes the direction and dynamic of the efltorts he puts forth. Many a successful individual can look back to some hour of inspiration when telling decisions were made di- recting life's energies to the accom- plishment of a great purpose. So. these who attended the convention, have been brought into the com- pelling field of inspiring forces and we who hear or read their reports feel too something of the same force which they have felt. Building Problems After much deliberation and dis- cussion by the Board of Trustees with reference to the Building Problems to be inaugurated at Eli- zabethtown College, they have ar- rived at the conclusion that, due to the high price of all building ma- terials and labor, the better plan will be to defer the building of the large Ladies Dormitory and Science Hall for the present and meet the demand for dormitory space by putting up a three story Apartment House, planned and arranged definitely, with the idea of serving ultimately for apartments, but being used for the next year or two for Dormitory purposes. By en- larging the present dining room and kitchen facilities and providing several more class rooms, it is pro- posed to take care of the immediate needs of the School until a more OUR COLLEGE TIMES definite or settled condition of prices of materials and labor may obtain. We feel sure that the con- stituency of the College will com- mend the Board of Trustees for this wise move under the existing con- ditions. — H. K. Ober Endowment Campaign Notes The month of February was a busy one for the solicitors on the field. Not only v/ere they busy on the field but at the home base. Three congregations were can- vassed and a fourth congregation completed. Despite the wintry weather the solicitors and their Ford kept moving on. The success- es on the field were more than com- mensurate with the difficulties en- countered because of snow and ice. Elder David Kilhefner assisted nobly in the work at Ephrata. He had the work so well planned that the entire congregation of two hun- dred and forty-five members was solicited in four days. The solicitors were glad to notice the steady growth of school sentiment in this congregation and feel confident of continued support from this boro. A number of former students from this town gave generous donations toward the Student Alumni Hall. The trustees of the college held several important meetings during the last few months. The basement of Alpha Hall will be remodeled. The dining room and kitchen will be enlarged and Music Hall con- verted into two classrooms by a movable partition. The apartment building will be erected this coming summer. The first floor will be adapted to ac- commodate families who desire to do light house-keeping and attend college. The second and third floors will be so arranged that they will serve as a temporary boys' dormitory and later be converted into suites of rooms for families as occasion demands. "He that is good at making ex- cuses is seldom fit for anything else," says an old maxim. What do you think of these replies to our so- licitors: "I can't give anything to our church schools." She spends twenty cents a week for chocolate candy. "I have no children to send. It will never do me any good." He runs a Cadillac and owns four houses. "There are so many calls for money these days." The elder says he rarely gives to any cause. "I can hardly make ends meet." He chews three packs of tobacco a week. OUR COLLEGE TIMES "We have too many schools in the land. Boys can learn enough in high schools." He took his out of high school and put them to work in a factory because he says that's a better pay- ing proposition. "I must pay off my debts with what I earn." She chews gum. three packs a week. "I'll send you some cash LA- TER." An attempt to get rid, of a so- licitor. "I am about to buy an automo- bile." His Ford has run only a year. And so on ad infinitum ! Because the country districts were practically snowbound, Elders I. W. Taylor and Ralph W. Schlos- ser started for the city of Hanover. There is a congregation at that place consisting of one hundred and ten members. Brother Bruce Whitmore and Jacob E. Myers planned the work at this place. Brother Myers is a graduate of Eli- zabethtown College and holds a re- sponsible position in the Hanover High School. He also assisted in piloting the solicitors from home to home during the evening. Much credit is also due Brother Wilson Harlacher, a veteran of the Civil War, who nobly assisted in the work during the day. The country district was worked in a horseless sleigh owned by James Sellers, one of our staunch friends. Practically every home subscribed and the quota was overreached by fifteen per cent. Harrisburg was solicited next. This congregation consists of one hundred and forty-four members scattered in about eighty-five homes. Because of the illness of Elder I. W. Taylor the entire work devolved upon Professor Schlosser. By the assistance of the "Flying Parson," Brother Conner, two- thirds of the homes were visited on foot. The rest were reached in the Ford. This congregation has been taught to give and little persuasion was needed among the members of the Harrisburg congregation. It was a pleasure to solicit in the homes of those who tithe. Of course this congregation went over the top by twenty-seven per cent. Some of next year's students will hail from Harrisburg. The solicitors are planning to so- licit Chambersburg, York, Ship- pensburg, and Waynesboro during the next two months. Then all of Southern Pennsylvania will have been solicited excepting Pleasant Hill, Codorus, Lower Conewago, and Lower Cumberland Congrega- tions. Ten congregations have gone over the top, ten have about made their quota, and eleven have fallen below their quota. Five thousand members have been solicited. If the remaining seven thousand give in proportion as those already so- OUR COLLEGE TIMES licited the amount will be raised and Elizabethtown College will be a credit to our state districts and to the Brotherhood. With one- eighth of the Brethren in the United States owning our school there is no reason why we should not have a first-class standardized college. But if the rich would give in proportion as the wage earner we would raise twice the amount needed. Ninety-six per cent of the families visited have contributed to the Endowment fund. — R. W. S. The Des Moines Conference An Epoch Making Convention Few, if any, of those who lived in the days*of the Apostle Paul, or Savonarola, or of William Carey could have foretold the train of events that were to follow from movements initiated by them. "Behold how great a matter (for better or for worse) a little fire kindleth." This fact of great move- ments coming from insignificant be- ginnings is very true of the Student Volunteer Movement which had its beginning as a movement at Mount Hermon, Massachusetts, in 1886, when a few students met under a haystack and dedicated their lives to the Foreign Mission Cause. The eighth international convention of this Student Volunteer Movement held in Des Moines, Iowa, Dec. 31, to Jan. 4, was one of the most re- markable conferences ever held anywhere in the history of the Christian Church. If you could have been there to see the large delegate body, more than 7,000 students representing more than 1,000 schools and col- leges from the entire civilized world; if you could have heard the volume of song, as 10,000 voices joined in singing ''May Jesus Christ Be Praised," or "The Son of God Goes Forth to War;" if you could have heard Mott, Eddy, Zwemer, and Speer give their ripest thought with a conviction and an emotion that touched every heart; if you could have witnessed the pledging, in a few minutes time, of over $175,000, not for missions directly, but for the purpose of meeting the running expenses of this organiza- tion for the next four years; if you could have been present at only one of the periods of perfect quiet at the close of each session when from twenty to thirty minutes after the time for closing the session the audience lingered very patiently in wonderful silence in earnest prayer and devotion; if you could have seen and felt the need of the world, our new world, a plastic, over- wrought, tired, humbled, teachable and expectant world, you too would have been thrilled, without fail, by the possibilities wrapped up in the host of young lives as they were being vitalized, directed and em- powered by the Spirit of God. 8 OUR COLLEGE TIMES A most impressive sight was the gathering of young men and young women of other races from all the great fields, the living products of Christian missions. These included 153 Chinese, fifty-five Japanese, and eighteen Filipinos, as well as nearly two hundred from some forty other lands such as Korea, India, Africa, Mexico, South America, Europe and Hawaii. It was like a visit to the mission fields to go from one of these foreign delegates' conferences to another, hearing the discussion of the prob- lems of non-Christian religions, politics and religion, social and in- dustrial welfare, education, medic- al work and evangelism in each separate country. The eloquence and earnestness of these foreign students was an example to the American College students, too many of whom come without serious purpose or interest in Chris- tian missions. Here also was a con- crete example of the unity of all races and classes, and types of thinking in the one family of Jesus Christ. The tide of interest rose from session to session as the program progressed, and many who had come from curiosity, for social rea- sons, or because they merely ex- pected a great student rally, were captured for Christ and His service. It was almost impossible for anyone not to resolve to be a better man or a better woman, or not to volun- teer in the great campaign to re- claim the world for Christ. That the Des Moines Convention had some practical results of the right sort is shown by the remark of a Princeton man, who said, "Well, fellows, I know what this means for me. It means that I must go back home and evangelize my own father in this generation." If such a spirit and practical fruitage could come to each of the thou- sands of delegates it would mean the speedy evangelization of America and of the world. It was indeed an epoch making convention. It cannot be otherwise but that a deeper and more serious religious life will characterize ev- ery American College and Univer- sity that was represented. A resolu- tion was adopted, proposed by the New York delegation, recommend- ing that all delegates on returning to their colleges, devote January to reporting the convention to their fellow students and to their local churches. February and March to the study of the Teachings of Christ and their application to the present conditions, April to re- cruiting for service at home and abroad. If this is being done faith- fully much good will result. But the real value of the conven- tion is to be judged by the number of lives that have been brought into vital touch with God through the surrender to Jesus Christ, that have brought their lives and ambitions into harmony with His program and that selfforgetfully devote themselves and all that they have to the service of men wherever God may direct them. In proportion as this is true of each delegate who at- tended the convention and of those whom these 7,000 or more, in turn, touch in their daily contact, shall OUR COLLEGE TIMES this have been an epoch making convention. — J. G. Meyer. Digest of the Addresses at the Des Moines Conference John R. Mott. chairman of the Convention, in his opening remarks brought before the delegates the aims of the meeting. He said that the first aim of the Conference is to catch a new vision of a NEW world, a suffering, sorrowing, torn, bewildered, confused, nervous, teachable, and expectant world. To this aim he added that all na- tions and peoples have their faces set toward a new hope, and they give us not only a new vision but also a new challenge, and that it is our christian duty to respond to this vision and accept the challenge. He said that God calls us to Leader- ship, the Leadership which Christ taught, namely, "He that would be greatest among men let him be the servant of all." The second aim of the Conference was that we may get a new accession of Power. He continued this thought by saying that we should receive irresistable power and down-right earnestness and responsive openness. On the subject, "The Eminency of God and the Immediacy of His Work," Robert E. Speer said "God is better than our best thoughts of Him, and God is nearer to us than our own sins." He pointed out five outstanding principles which will help us to make most of the great- ness and goodness of God, they are, first, we must strive for the spirit of co-operation; second, nation must not strive against the welfare of her neighboring nation; third, the value of persons should be rea- lized ; fourth, we must believe in God ; and last, the value of the in- dividual to the nation and the na- tion to the individual must always be borne in mind. He said that we should make use of God as Christ or as Paul did, and take advantage of the privilege of prayer and, then, who dare postpone the answers to our prayers? On the same subject Sherwood Eddy said, "15,000,000 people in Europe and Asia face ac- tual starvation; 100,000,000 more are in destitute circumstances; and just last year there were 800,000 Armenian Christians killed for the cause of the Master." One of the most striking statements that was heard at the convention was made by Mr. Eddy when he said that the United States holds one-third of the wealth of the world in her hands and then he asked whether we are the rich man with the beg- gar sitting at our door, knocking with bony hands for something to eat. Doctor George Jones spoke in behalf of the colored race. He brought out the point that the colored race has a contribution to make towards the progress of the human race. He plead for better educational advantages for his race saying that they have suffered more during the last 50 years due to il- literacy and its accompanying evils than they have ever since their emancipation. The leadership of their race, he said, must come from the 11,000,000 colored people of 10 OUR COLLEGE TIMES America and that it is up to the American Churches to say whether the crossroads of railroads and steamship lines in Africa will mean a cross of exploitation or a cross of help. Bishop McDonnel said that the British Christian Movement in India reported that they do not want Christianity, for that is the re- ligion of Europe, what they want is CHRIST. Some striking statements on the topic, "Christianization of our Na- tional and International Life," were: "In 1914 we had enough brains, brawn and wealth to usher in the Millenium, but why didn't it come? The reason why Christianity did not prevent the great World War was because we did not have enough of it on hand in 1914. Do we have enough on hand now? To be alive, and young besides, is a great privilege. The past five years in the future will be studied profoundly by scholars for 1,000 years to come. Our life must be humanized and christianized. We must go into all the world and teach and love all nations. Too many people feel like going into all the world and shoot or stone all nations into the kingdom." On the subject of the "Eminent Demands upon our Churches," Dr. James Vance said, "Where, if you were an orphan, would you go to be nursed, not to a woman canying a poodle dog; not to the woman with one or two children but to the family of ten children. The church must lay aside her garments of idle- ness and gird herself with the girdle of service. Christ wants to meet his followers at Calvary, and Calvary does not mean only ex- emption and a free post-mortal transportation to Paradise, but it means that we are ready to die for the Master's cause. We must not try to Americanize, Anglonize, or denationalize, but we must Chris- tianize the people who come to our shores and then we do not need to deport them. Religion is more often caught than taught." Doctor Saylor from Columbia University, in speaking on the qualifications of an educational missionary said that a missionary expecting to do work along the line of education must have breadth of social intellect, a deep con- tagious and plastic personality. Dr. Samuel Zwemer said that there are five main reasons why the Mohammedan religion failed ; first, it does not recognize the child; second, it has wrong concepts of home and womanhood ; third, it M^arps and degrades the intellect; fourth, it is an age long enemy of democracy ; and fifth, it fails spirit- ually, in that it takes "away my Lord" and millions know not where to find Him. Robert E. Speer on the same theme said, "Religion is the world's greatest power and it is also the world's greatest peril. Christianity is the life of God opened to the life of man." The four touchstones of our christian life as given by Sherwood Eddy are: first, are you pure? second, are you honest? third, are you living the unselfish life? fourth, are you going out to carry the un- selfish life of love? In Jesus Christ there is neither border, breed or OUR COLLEGE TIMES 11 birth. Zwemer said that Christ's pre-eminence in the life of Paul was due to his vision of Christ; his de- cision for Christ; and friendship with Christ. "There are many heads resting on the bosom of Jesus and there is still room for more." He continued by saying that over in Africa we are often lonely, here you have the crowds; there we see Christ, here you look for Him and talk about Him; there blood is freely shed for His cause, here lots of ink is shed; there they follow the leader of Peace, here they es- tablish war councils and recruiting stations; "in Armenia the chris- tians climbed to heaven on the steep slope of martyrdom, here we sing about it." Bishop MacDonnel said, "be- cause I know no better person I must joyously, cheerfully and jubi- lantly give Him control over me. He has a right to rule because of His highest purpose. I must make Christ sovereign, supreme and personal." Does Christ have your vote to rule over the world? Every life is a plan of God. A. C. Baugher The Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions This movement was started in 1886 at Mount Hermon, Mass. Its purposes from the start which have been maintained thru all these years are : (1) "To awaken and maintain among all christian students of the United States and Canada in- telligent and active interest in foreign missions. (2) To enroll a sufficient number of properly qualified volunteers to meet the successive demands of the various Mission Boards of North America in their effort to give all living men the opportunity to know the Living Christ. (3) To help all such interesting missionaries in preparing for their life work and to enlist their co- operation in developing the mis- sionary life of the colleges, and of the home churches. (4) To lay an equal burden of responsibility on all the students who are to remain at home as min- isters and layworkers, that they may actively promote the mission- ary enterprise by their intelligent advocacy, by their gifts and by their prayers." "This movement is a recruiting agency and summons students to a world-wide crusade. It is not, however, an organization to send missionaries nor does it assume the functions of a missionary sending agency. It is unswervingly loyal to the churches." The field of this movement takes in about one thousand colleges which have about three hundred thousand students. By looking at the purpose of this movement, which was taken from John R. Mott's report, we can readily see that the movement is wide in its scope, deep in its pur- pose, and far reaching in its in- fluence. Some of the distinguishing fea- tures of this movement are : the missionary education it affords and 12 OUR COLLEGE TIMES fosters; the training in financial stewardship, besides contributing very much to the spiritual life of the colleges and universities ; in- fluencing men who could not go to the field; and, above all, bearing back to the home churches the in- spiration that was received in col- lege. This movement is primarily a student movement. It is believed by all that the hope of evangelizing the world lies in the student ranks of our country. They are getting in touch with the vital problems of missions as no other group of people possibly could and, since the students are usually a select group from the very fact that they go to college, they are naturally the ones to whom appeals must be made to bring the message of Christ to all people. • Hence the "Student Volunteer Movement for Foreign Missions." As stated above, the primary purpose of the movement is to serve as a recruiting agency. Now it naturally follows that many stu- dents who are willing to go to foreign fields and have joined the movements are kept from going by different causes. If the movement wants to get students to go and then some who are kept from going does that mean that the purpose of the movement has failed? Not at all! Those who were willing to go to the foreign field and were prevented will surely become live wires on the home base. A foreign volunteer at home will surely mean more than a man on the foreign field Vv^ho is not interested in missions. Although this is a movement for foreign missions it does not militate against Home Missions. It is be- lieved that for every missionary that sails for foreign parts ten more will get the vision at home and will be better stewards of Christ's. This is proved with many actual circum- stances where one single man go- ing to the foreign field or stating his intention of going has gotten others to work in home fields, when they could not go to the foreign field. There is yet another phase to this movement that deserves em- phasis. Many foreign students are in our schools just now and when they come in contact with men who have volunteered to go to their own native lands it has a great ef- fect for good. They see the spirit of altruism and of Christ which exists in the hearts of the best peo- ple of our country. Again, the American students, by coming into contact with the foreign students, get their viewpoint and, being volunteers, they learn to appreciate them and even start to work in the foreign settlements of our country. The Student Volunteer move- ment for Foreign Missions is not a denominational movement but it deserves and should have the sup- port of all denominations in that they encourage the spirit of sacri- fice with which the movement is imbued so that the several denom- inational boards can draw from the ranks of Foreign Volunteers and man their respective mission sta- tions with men of vision, which means success for Christ's cause. — Ezra Wenger, OUR COLLEGE TIMES 13 Our School Departments Our Music Department The Music Department is con- tinually growing. Fifty-eight per cent of the students are studying music in one or more of the follow- ing classes — Glee Club, Chorus, Song Directing, Piano or Voice Cul- ture. The Ladies' Glee Club and the Male Quartet furnish music for the various public programs. The Male Quartet has also rendered special music in a number of entertain- ments given in Lancaster and ad- joining counties. The Voice and Piano Students supply the demands in the Literary Society. On Monday and Thursday even- ings a number of the students meet in a class for practice in Song Di- recting. The aim of the class is to teach them to beat time correctly, to use the tuning-fork, to interpret and direct the hymns we use in our worship. Each person, after direct- ing, is critized. The work is very interesting. We hope to supply many of the churches with good song leaders. The Chorus Class is quite alive and working hard on the Cantata, "Esther the Beautiful Queen," to be rendered in the near future. An announcement will be made in a later issue of the College Times. Look for it. The following is the synopsis of the cantata — Esther was born in Persia five hundred years before Christ. Being an or- phan she was adopted by her cou- sin, Mordecai, who recognizing her great natural beauty, trained her in the accomplishments of highest womanhood. She was chosen by the King of the Realm to be his wife and Queen. She did not dis- close her nationality. Haman was Premier and favorite of the King. Haman hated Mordecai because he would not bow the knee to him as the King had commanded. He did not know Mordecai's relation to the Queen. To be revenged he ob- tained a decree for destroying all the Jews in the provinces. Mor- decai discovers the plot and charges the Queen to petition the King for the safety of her people, which she does at the peril of her life, on account of the law that no one should go unto the King unbid- den. The King hears her petition and Haman is defeated. Haman has prepared a gallows fifty cubits high for Mordecai. An attendant informs the King of the fact and the King orders Haman to be hanged from it and proclaimed Mordecai Premier in his stead. Af- ter this the people rejoice. The solos and choruses are beautiful and impressive. — Mrs. Jennie S. Via. Musical Culture Throughout all history man has shown a taste for music. He has always recognized its wholesome effect upon soul and body. The need of music in the advancement of humanity is very apparent. 14 OUR COLLEGE TIMES "From the Greek instrument with one string down to the wonderful pipe-organ, music has been in- tensely attractive and marvelously helpful, and for the good of the human family." Of all the fine arts, music has the greatest power in creating a taste for the beautiful and has the strongest charms for stirring the soul of man. Even the uncultured, to whom the grandest painting and the most exquisite forms of architecture may seem but ordinary, may, nevertheless, be moved by the sweet strains of a simple selection of music. Dr. Russell H. Conwell of Phila- delphia, says: "No art or science needs more to be developed today than that of music. Its influence on soul and body has been noticed and advanced by some of the greatest thinkers of ancient and modern times, therefore it is not necessary to discuss the supreme need for real music to bring into harmony mo- tives aHd movements for good. When we duly consider the sub- ject of music, and ask where we shall find the great musicians who are today so much in demand, we feel that many so-called schools of music are often more misleading than instructive and that they fol- low fashions that are more unrea- sonable than the fashions of dress." The art of music is a difficult one and necessitates in addition to a musical temperament, many years of careful practice to acquire pro- ficiency in the art. Since there are few great musicians and few young people capable of directing their companions in song, it follows that more young people in school should devote more of their time to the ac- quisition of this desirable art. Many have gone thru school who thought they were too busy to take this work but who today regret their lost opportunities. In every community there is need of creating higher tastes for music. As one passes thru the streets and hears the strains of music issuing from the various homes or amusement centers, one can soon judge the quality of music in which folks will delight. In these days of "cheap ragtime" and an abundance of low-class music, there is great danger of suggesting the vulgar and debasing lo the minds of the young. This type of niuiic often has a very far-reaching influence in the wrong dir'^^ction. It tends to create a taste for the low and debasing rather than a taste for the higher and better type of music. Our young people should be helped to admire the best. One of the great social needs of the present is more wholesome recreation centers. Our young peo- ple desire places to congregate. If they are not given wholesome cen- ters to satisfy this instinct, they will seek questionable surroundings. The "old-time singing school" satis- fied in part this great social prob- lem. Young people came together from the community and spent an evening or two of each week in wholesome song; many desirable acquaintances and companionships were thus formed and the young people of the community were more strongly united. Our young people would do v/ell to prepare for OUR COLLEGE TIMES 15 leadership in song and thus become a leader of the young people upon their return home from school. Thus more of the helpful com- munity gatherings might be revived as well as a higher taste for music. There is also a great demand for leaders in song in the various church congregations. Worship in song might become much more in- spiring and meaningful if it were given impetus by strong leadership. Many an hour of worship would mean more and produce more lasting results if there were more thrilling and soul-stirring music. This some- how attunes the soul to receive the best and causes it to rise to the heights of the infinite. Young peo- ple, do not fail to grasp these op- portunities for leadership and personal influence. — H. H. N. Religious News Profs. Ober and Meyer held a Bible Institute at Pine Grove from January the thirty-first until Febru- ary the first. The institute sched- uled for the Little Swatara District was called off because of influenza in the community. This year the students in the Colleges of the Church of the Brethren are aiming to raise eight thousand five hundred dollars for the equipment of a hospital in China. Plans are being made to launch our campaign during the first week in March. Look for the report in the next issue. On Tuesday, February the twen- ty-fourth, the Mission Boards, the Ministerial Boards, the Trustees of the College, and others met in the Elizabethtown church, and under the leadership of Eld. Chas. Bon- sack discussed the best methods of oranizing the work of the Forward Movement in the Eastern and Southern Districts. Rev. Petry, from Ohio, began evangelistic services in the Eliza- bethtown church, Sunday morning, February the twenty-second. The campaign began with good attend- ance and interest. Before the evan- gelist came a survey of the town was made and a number of cottage prayer meetings were held in pre- paration for the revival effort. Inspiration minus activity equals lost effort but inspiration plus ac- tivity equals results. A question that often arose dur- ing the rich feasts of the Bible Term and Training School was, "What are these things going to mean and how are they going to tell?" We are not able to deter- mine what the result of those in- fluences will be; but we are quite sure that some things are already being made practical in better Christian living. One result of the united effort and interest of the Bible Term is the morning prayer meeting, held 16 OUR COLLEGE TIMES from 6:30 to 7:00 a. m. Each hall conducts its own meeting and de- cides upon the methods of proced- ure. The spirit of the meetings is very encouraging and the number of students attending them is in- creasing. Those who attend are realizing the value of beginning the day under the inspiration of fellow- ship with one another and with God. Even tho these meetings are voluntary it is hoped that all will catch the meaning and decide to come. A delegation of fourteen students attended the Student Volunteer Conference of Eastern Pennsyl- vania and New Jersey, held at Juniata College, February 27-29. The delegate body consisted of about two hundred and fifty stu- dents representing the Colleges, Seminaries, Normal Schools and Universities of the above named district. Foster B. Statler of Juniata Col- lege, the President of the Union, presided at all the meetings. The speakers who gave one or two mes- sages were Mrs. J. M. Springer, Missionary to Africa: Dr. Cyril Haas, Physician-in-Chief of the American Hospital in Asia Minor; Wilbur Smith, Y. M. C. A. Secre- tary in India; Rev. Paul Kanamoii, an evangelist from Japan; May Fleming, Reperesentative of Stu- dent Volunteer Movement of American and Dr. Robert E. Speer Secretary of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church of America. Mr. J. W. Yoder lead the meetings in inspir- ing song services. All the messages and songs helped to create the at- mosphere that climaxed on Sunday night during the great closing ad- dress by Dr. Speer. The aim of the leaders and speakers was to have things "go deep" and each session, as the close of the Conference drew nearer, indicated deepening con- victions, enlarged visions, changing purposes, heart cleansing and re- dedication of life. The whole Conference was a challenge to every young man and woman present. The final appeal came thru Dr. Speer and it came in such strength that, when he closed, the intense feelings, the great silence and the atmosphere of consecration and definite pur- pose already indicated the be- ginning of great results. — S. C. S. Alumni Notes Professor Walter K. Gish, '05, who moved to Canada several years ago to take charge of a government tract, has recently moved his fam- ily to Stettler,, Alberta, Canada. Elder Rufus P. Bucher, one of the first students of the College, is engaged in a series of meetings at Ephrata, Pa. At the end of the first week he was reported to have OUR COLLEGE TIMES 17 had sixteen converts. As this issue goes to press the meetings are still in progress. A number of our fellow alumni are reported sick of the ''flu," among whom are M. Alverda Groff. '04; H. H. Nye, '15; John Hershey, '06; Mary Hershey Crouthamel. '15 and Owen Hershey, '15. Our Alumni will be glad to learn of the joy that recently came into the home of E. G. Diehm, '13, when a son, Joseph Edgar, was born. The father has charge of the Church of the Brethren congregation at Royersford, Elder Will E. Glassmire, '07, re- ferred to in our last issue as being unable to find a house in his new field, has after a vigorous search succeeded in getting a place to live in his assigned field, and should be addressed at Vilva Pax, Koldby, Pr. Hordum, Denmark. Miss Anna Ruth Eshleman, 07, now a student in Juniata College pursuing the College Course, has recently been appointed teacher of a class in Latin. We are glad for this recognition given one of our Alumni who has distinguished her- self as a thorough and capable stu- dent. The following quotation was taken from a letter from Bro. J. E. Graybill, '07 to Mrs. Via. "Last Sunday (Feb. 1) we had our Dis- trict Meeting at Malmo, Sweden. It was one of the best, if not the best District Meeting we have had since in the work. We planned for ag- gressive work and trust the plan, if worked, will serve as a good part in the Forward Movement in Sweden. Two years ago we had a nice little ingathering. Last year we had but a few accessions. Now we have three that are awaiting bap- tism. We plough and sow and do as much watering as we can by the Grace of God and then leave the rest to the Lord to give the in- crease. We have learned to count on disappointments and so we are not disheartened when the work is up hill." Brother I. E. Oberholtzer, '05, now on the China field, assisted by Norman A. Seese and Walter J. Heisey, has written a very inter- ested booklet on mission propa- ganda representative of the China field entitled "China — A Challenge to the Church." The book is beau- tifully illustrated and, for anyone desiring to know what is now being done or planned for in the future, the book would prove exceedingly helpful. The book is designed to give a brief outline of conditions, needs and problems on the field, not as a textbook for the specialist, but as appeals to the general reader. The liberal insertions of descriptive illustrations should at once introduce and familiarize the reader with our China field, and so lead to more careful and thorough study, create a deeper interest in and sympathy for the Chinese peo- ple, and stimulate greater sacrifice for their evangelization. The book may be had by addressing the 18 OUR COLLEGE TIMES General Mission Board at Elgin, Il- linois. Mrs. Nellie Hartman Schuler, '06 lost her father. We take this op- portunity to express our heartfelt sympathy to Mrs. Schuler and fam- ily in this loss which she so keenly feels. Those who remember Mrs. Schuler as a student at Elizabeth- town College all join in this expres- sion of sympathy and encourage her to cast herself upon Him who doeth all things well. —J. G. M. A quiet, but rather romantic, wedding took place at the home of Professor and Mrs. H. A. Via on Monday, February the twenty-third. Miss Florence S. Miller, '10, a clerk in the War Department at Wash- ington, D. C, and Sergeant Eber- hard Sommer of the U. S. Marine Barracks at Quanteco, Virginia, were united in marriage on the above mentioned afternoon at three o'clock. . Professor Ober officiated. The ring ceremony was used. The couple started immediately for Washington, D. C, where they will be at home at 1754 S. St., N. W. The Keystone Literary Society met in public session, February 7th, 1920, at 8:00 o'clock. The follow- ing program was rendered : Vocal Solo, Night of Dreams, Kathryn Stauffer; Recitation, Footsteps of Angels, Esther Bair. Ezra Wenger then gave an interesting discussion and a list of ten questions for de- bate for the Society. A piano duet, Danse Rustique, was beautifully rendered by Misses Stauffer and Witmer. An interesting debate. Re- solved that active participation in the Keystone Literary Society is of greater value to an individual than that derived from any one course of study given in this school; was discussed affirmatively by Mary Crouse and Daniel Baum, negative- ly by Esther Clopper and S. Clyde Weaver. Literary Program Feb. 14, 1920 Music, Victrola Selections; Read- ing, The White-footed Deer, Ruth Detwiler. A very interesting gen- eral information class was con- ducted by Edwin Rinehart. Recita- tion, Six Love-letters, Florence OUR COLLEGE TIMES 19 Shenk; Vocal Solo, The Rosary, Anna Enterline. A timely debate discussed affirmatively by K. Mil- dred Baer and Paul Wenger and negatively by Vernon Burkhart and David Markey, then followed. The question was: Resolved, That every Sunday School of the Church of the Brethren should require at least a one-year course of Teacher Train- ing for each of its teachers. The next feature on the program was a Victrola selection. The program for Feb. 28th, was postponed one week because the officers and others had gone to the Student Volunteer Conference at Juniata. — A. G. Y. The private program for Febru- ary 21st, 1920 resulted in the elec- tion of the following officers : Pres., Jesse Reber; V. Pres., Clarence Holsopple ; Sec, Mary Henning; Treas., John Bechtel; Chorister, Emma Ziegler; Critic, Ezra Wenger. School News Ezra Wenger visited with Mr. Rinehart over the week-end of Feb- ruary 7. What a transformation! Our Drawing Room has become "un petit salon." Mrs. Rinehart of Waynesboro visited her son, Edwin, of our stu- dent-body, January 28. Our janitor, Mr. Schwenk, has again resumed his work after being absent because of illness. The coasting parties are a source of much pleasure to all the stu- dents, especially the "steadies." Miss Jessie Oellig prefers to take her walks alone because she says, "I like my own company 'Best'." Misses Shenk, Minnich and Hol- singer were the guests of Miss Mary Gibble, near Mastersonville, recently. Miss Grace L. Hess, a former stu- dent, visited on College Hill. She is not teaching this winter but is at home on the farm. Mr. Rinehart in Rhetoric, while speaking of French knots, re- marked that little upheavels are left when the work is finished.. In an information class at a spelling bee Mr. E. Meyer was asked "Where is the Golden Gate?" He answered, "In heaven, I guess." Owing to the illness of Dr. Gause, the fourth number of our lecture course had to be postponed. We hope to have this number in the near future, however. 20 OUR COLLEGE TIMES We are glad that Prof Nye has been able to resume his duties among us after an illness of two weeks. The Senior Oratorical Contest will be held, Friday, March 19 at 8 p. m. We invite our friends to be present. — R. W. — E. V. A. Welcome, to our portals, new students ; may your days spent on the Hill be the happiest days of your life. Again we welcome you to our halls, to our classrooms and to our hearts. On February 16 some of our students and teachers heard Dr. Russel Conwell lecture in Lancas- ter. His subject was "The Silver Crown." They reported a lecture full of inspiration and vision. On Saturday evening, February 21, we were entertained at a Pro- gressive Birthday Social in Music Hall. The social was arranged in honor of the great men whose birthdays occur during February. Music and games made the time pass pleasantly. Refreshments were served, after which we adjourned much pleased with the evening's fun. The constituency of E. C. is mighty proud of their college and group of fine students and right- fully ought to be. On us will the future depend. Do you want to do the impossible? Do you want to have influence and command the respect of your schoolmates? Are your actions and words worthy of their respect? Was your thought revealed in that deed or word whether it was for good or for ill? Do you still cherish a High School freshman's ideals? Is that silly sissy talk that is so disgusting tho standard of your life? If that's the case you deserve to be criticized, and made a laughing stock. Of course, we make all allowance for babies and infants around here. Will we tolerate such pussy footing around the Hill or will we act like ladies and gentlemen? Resolutions of Sympathy WHEREAS, it has pleased our Loving Father to remove from our midst, our friend and fellow-stu- dent, Miss Alice Lehman, of whom we shall ever carry pleasant mem- ories of her quiet and cheerful dis- position, because she was an in- spiration to all who came in contact with her. be it resolved : That, we, the Faculty and Stu- dents of Elizabethtown College commend the bereft family to the tender care and mercy of our Heavenly Parent. M'ho doeth all things well. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the bereaved mother. That a copy be printed in the next issue of "Our College Times" and in the Elizabethtown Chronicle. Resolution Committee, Laura Hess, Ella Boaz, Edith Witmer. Volume XVI Number 7 EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief I. S. Hoffer Associate Editor Ezra Wenger Departmental Editor H. H. Nye Alumni Editor J. G. Meyer Religious News Contributor Sara Shisler Society News Contributor Ada G. Young School News Contributors \ -r, ' j ttt [ Raymond Wenger Business Manager H. A. Via Assistant Business Manager A. C. Baugher Our College Times is published month y during the Academic year by Elizabeth- town College. This paper will have to be discontinued as soon as the time of subscription expires as an action of the United States legislature. Please renew in time and report any change of address to the business manager. Subscription rates one dollar per year; fifteen cents per copy; six subscriptions $5.00. Entered as second-class matter April 19, 1909, at the Elizabethtown Postoffice. The Rewards of Teaching No good business man would un- dertake a venture or make an in- vestment without investigating the possible returns or gains. What is true of business in this respect ap- plies also to the teaching profession. No one should enter the teaching profession, however much he may be inclined toward it, without con- sidering the rewards which may be expected. The reason for this lies in the fact that such an estimate of rewards furnishes a certain meas- ure of success. What are some of the rewards of teaching? Doubtless, all teachers are agreed that large financial re- turns are not to be expected. All along the line, from the lowest- paid public school teacher to the highest paid university professor, few teachers are able to save much from their salary. The monetary OUR COLLEGE TIMES rewards of teaching are the least important; the greatest and most significant rewards are spiritual. We may think of these rewards as either objective or subjective. One of the objective results which inspires every true teacher is a genuine response, on the part of the pupil, to the teacher's efforts. This response is a challenge to his sym- pathy, patience and utmost skill. It furnishes his opportunity to teach. A responsive pupil is an in- terested pupil, and when interest runs high results come more easily. It is, furthermore, a silent testi- monial to the teacher's ability as a leader and instructor and to his power to reach his pupils. Another objective reward of teaching, closely related to the first, is the evidence of growth in the pupil. Here patience has her per- fect work, for often months, and perhaps years, of a teacher's pains- taking effort are required to bring the desired change in conduct, in- terest or appreciation. How often men have paid eloquent tribute to some teacher who exerted a definite influence upon their lives. The teacher may not have been con- scious of the effects produced at the time but they speak of high professional ability just the same. Among other rewards, subjective in nature, is the teacher's con- sciousness that he is increasing in power as a teacher. Every one knows what a sense of satisfaction success brings with it. The teacher who reviews his professional life and is able to note improvement in his own methods and new acces- sions of teaching power has an ex- perience not given to men of in- ferior ability. The successful teacher, too, must feel that he is making a significant contribution to the world's social progress. The work in which he is engaged is the most vital and most fundamental in a democratic state. In his hands are the destinies of in- dividuals and nations. His moral responsibility is great but the spirit- ual rewards which come to him fully recompense for all his pains, inglorious though his task may of- ten appear. Our School Departments The Commercial Department The Commercial Department has not lagged in the forward move- ment activities of Elizabethtown College. From the beginning of the year the enrollment has been larger than usual. Not only in numbers do we exceed other years, but also in school training, previous to entering the Commercial work. Quite a number of the students had finished the four year high school course. To meet the needs of these active minds the program of recitations was arranged to give more attention to the shorthand and bookkeeping work, making it possible to finish both courses in OUR COLLEGE TIMES one year. Not that the standards were lowered, but a more intensive course in the commercial work given. Our present course competes with those of the American Feder- ation of Commercial Schools, in the time required, and will compare very favorably if not exceed them in strength of subject matter given. The social side has not been en- tirely neglected. Our students are rather busy, nevertheless they find time for a few things that tend to- wards unifying the department in a social way. On the evening of March the fifth, a Commercial Stu- dents Luncheon was given in Music Hall. A very enjoyable event for all who participated. Our basket ball team made a good showing, and we are looking forward with expectations to the base ball team that is to be or- ganized in the near future. The Department expects to give two public programs this term. A literary program on April third and the regular commercial evening of commencement week. — H. V. A Practical Business Training Of the various departments of training offered by a college there is none which offers a more prac- tical training than the commercial department. This specific training is intended for those who shall fill office positions, manage business establishments, or administer their private affairs systematically. This training has, therefore a utilitarian value, for it is primarily concerned with the satisfaction of our eco- nomic needs and with the procur- ing of the "wherewithal" of our daily living. The business man has at no time ranked higher in social circles than he does at the present. The world has a large place for the prosper- ous, upright and generous business man. No man is better equipped than he from the standpoint of practical experience to lead and supervise the great social move- ments and campaigns of our day: The school board, the church, the political organization and other im- portant institutions are all soliciting his practical suggestions, and his ability for leadership. Then, too,, his hundreds and thousands and millions of dollars which he has ac- cumulated as the result of his lucra- tive and prosperous business are constantly being called for by the organizations whose mission is to save the world from heathenism, poverty and wrong. Never has the wealthy man assumed a larger pro- portion of the financial burden of humanity than he is willing to as- sume today. But to fill these positions of re- sponsibility and usefulness, the business man must necessarily se- cure adequate training. Seventy- five years ago, and even today irt many cases, men entertained the idea that in order to secure a good business training one must enter business early in life without any previous training and thus acquire proficiency in business by actual practice and experience. This^ worked splendidly in the case of those who were natively endowed. OUR COLLEGE TIMES with a high degree of sound prac- tical wisdom and common sense ; but in the case of others the count- less ruins of bankrupt businesses scattered over the country are si- lent memorials of the need of more adequate preparatory training. The old adage "experience is the best teacher, but also the most ex- pensive" is nowhere more true than in practical busines life. It is very true that theory without construc- tive ability leads to failure and visionary dreams. Yet constructive ability can be greatly aided and im- proved by following a definite course of business training and im- bibing the ideas that represent the cumulative experience and hard- learned lessons of previous genera- tions of business men. By observing the failures and successes of other men, we profit by their experience and we are made conscious of the various difficulties and problems to be solved. Thus we are forearmed, as it were, to cope v/ith them. A business course, however, in- volves more than mere getting of facts. It means the actual practice in accounting and correspondence which one is expected to do in real business life. He is really engaged in a miniature business before he receives his sheepskin from the school which recommends him and sends him out for fuller and larger service in a large and active busi- ness world. As already intimated, there was never a greater need for trained men and women for business po- sitions than now. In this war-torn, distracted and disorganized world there is every avenue of oppor- tunity for the one who is suflficiently trained and wise and alert to help to restore business to normal con- ditions and to bring order and satis- faction out of this unprecedented chaos and confusion in the business world. Then, too, the present high prices of goods are indicative of great prosperity and prosperity al- ways calls for more trained men. Not only is there a great demand at present for young men in the commercial field, but due to keen industrial competition, wide-awake men are coming more and more to see the need of systematizing busi- ness. The farmer is slowly learn- ing that if his business is to prosper he must keep a set of books in or- der that he may know at any time his business standing. The up-to- date housewife realizes, that if she is to make ends meet during the present high cost of living and be- sides, to get ahead financially, the family budget is indispensable. Not only are the farmer and the house- wife placing their work on a busi- ness basis, but systematic book- keeping is indispensable in other business now, whether that business includes a small shop in the back- yard, or two hundred acres of the finest soil in Lancaster county, or an army of clerks and extensive office machinery in the highest sky- scraper of New York city. To no one, no matter what occupation or profession he pursues, is a business training lost. What a deplorable fact that during this age of rush and hurry so few young people take sufficient time to lay strong and sure the foundations of a success- ful business career. — H. H. N. OUR COLLEGE TIMES Our Educational Work My Place in Society A human society is a group of people dwelling together who carry on a common life by means of men- tal interactions. They have a com- mon country, common institutions, and common ideals and purposes. These ideals and purposes change with time. I as one of the individuals who make up society must adapt myself to these changes. The aim of society is the welfare of its members. If this aim is to be realized, I must not be a stum- bling block by holding on to ideas upheld as best long ago, but I must live up to the times and adapt my- self to whatever may be helpful for the group. The responsibility of the in- dividual in a human society is great because of man's intellect. He has that self-consciousness which en- ables one to exercise thought and have feelings. He must live for the groups yesterday, today and tomor- row. My place is such that I must ever recognize the rights of those about me in the home, at school, in the church or any unit of society. Each person must stand accountable for his own deeds, and see that his standards are high so that they may ever uplift. Each one must do his own choosing. I cannot hide behind the community as a whole nor behind one person. Then my place in society is to lead such a moral life that it may impress those about me for greater good. I must control myself that society may be a little better for my having lived. Owen Meredith has said, *'No Life can be pure in its purpose and strong in its strife, and all life not be purer and stronger thereby. Another requirement is great breadth of sympathy. I must have sympathy for those of my own im- mediate group but more than this must reach out and help suffering humanity. Today we must rec- ognize the poor Armenians as our brothers and we must lend a help- ing hand if we will fill our place in society. My place in society also demands that I take the stand for truths honesty, obedience, industry, un- selfishness, kindness and other vir- tues which form a good character, because we only attain that which we desire and that for which we long. The individual is the only one who can modify society to make possible higher modes of personal living. My place is to help modify society and appreciate the contribu- tions that are made so that they may bring about social reforms and in order that they may progress. My place in society lets me do what and how I will so long as such doing does not interfere with what some one else, who has the same inalienable right, does, or wishes to have the opportunity for doing. Summing it all up let me say, my place is to stand out in the field of 8 OUR COLI<EG£ TIMES life ready to shed my blood to the last drop in the service of my coun- trymen. — Mildred Baer. The Well-Disciplined School Educators tell us that the well- disciplined school is made con- spicuous by its absence. The old well-disciplined school was a sort of autocracy. The teach- er was the autocrat and the pupils were his trembling subjects. But the ideals of discipline have changsd and continue to change. The ideal school of today is not one whose teacher is a cold monarch, whom the children fear and avoid Avhenever possible ; but it is one whose teacher is a ready and sym- pathetic guide, whom the children respect and love. The modern well- disciplined school has reached or is approaching the state in which the collective will of the pupils sanc- tions courteous behavior, good ef- fort, etc., and disapprove of disor- der and other school room vices and thus they check the unruly new- comer. Good discipline is the best work- ing attitude. We can easily pick out the well-disciplined school then by the following criteria : Are the pupils busy, are they eager to pre- pare their lessons or do some other things which is for his own real welfare or for that of the school? Is the individual pupil interested -enough in his work to start im- me"diately after his class is excused or does he waste, three, five or ten minutes in getting his material from his desk, or in disturbing others? Does he use his spare moments to good advantage, reading helpful books, magazines, etc., or does he waste them in idleness or in annoy- ing his nearest "neighbors"? If the latter conditions prevail the school is not well-disciplined. A good rule for the teacher to follow is, "Emphasize the "DO'S" rather than the "don'ts." By em- phasizing the latter she often sug- gests to the pupils things they likely would never have thought of and thus tempts them to do just what will displease her. The little minds being too weak morally to restrain themselves and of course will do the many attractive things of which he has been told. "Don't do that!" Furthermore the pupils of the well-disciplined school do not al- ways work, drudge and even slave (over books as some think) but they play ; and some psychologists have pleased to say that they play most of the time or all of it, be- cause their work has been made so attractive and pleasant that it is play. When they prepare and re- cite their lessons they do (other things as health, school room con- ditions, etc., being equal) enter into the "spirit" of it, just as much as they do when they do when playing a game of "Prisoners' Base," "Hide and Seek' or "Base Ball." We see then that some character- istic qualities of the well-disciplined school are interest, happiness, co- operation on the part of all, both teacher and pupils and intelligent sympathy on the part of the teacher and so far as possible on the part of the pupils as well. And good OUR COLLEGE TIMES discipline does not necessarily mean "pin-drop-silence." Indeed it could not possibly mean this. — M. G. Young. The Socializing Recitation School is not mere preparation for life. School is life and life is school. If this is true the work of the school must be a socializing process for "no man liveth unto himself." In school pupils ought to live as members of a society. Therefore the subject matter to be taught must be given social content. We cannot force children to be- come socialized but any exercise which tends to further social ac- tivity or social outlook, which gives insight into social conditions or which influences the attitude to- wards society has a valuable place in education. The socializing recitation, then, should foster a spirit of sympathy and helpfulness. This may be ac- complished by introducing such subject matter that will throw light on the lives of people, their joys and sorrows, likes and dis- likes, occupations and achieve- ments, their geographical, political or economic conditions, their social institutions. Our recitation must have more social content. For ex- ample, we may study Russia by describing its surface and climate, but in such a recitation, because so- cial content is lacking, its socializ- ing value as a recitation is negli- gible. But if we study the needs of the Russian people socially, indus- trially, politically, in the. light of their present day struggle, we give such a recitation social content. So- cial insight will result and then the recitation truly becomes a socializ- ing agent. Some of the actual devices used in socializing the recitation may be mentioned as follows: Let the pu- pils write letters to real people ; let them learn to add so as to be able to keep score in a game ; let them measure material and com- pute costs. When individual members of the class prepare a certain part of the lesson to report to the entire class, their activities take on a social value because they are working not only for themselves but for others. Any service performed for the class and not for self-gratification is social. Group work may be used to great advantage, for group work- means co-operation. Such a subject as "Digging the Panama Canal" might easily be made the basis for such work; in history, the treatment of the Indians; by the early settlers in America ; in civics, the subject of street-cleaning.. Since one of the main aims in teach- ing civics is good-citizenship, civics has a high socializing value. Even arithmetic yields room for socializ- ation. Here the pupil may formu- late his own problems from actual life experiences. This is the high- est form of socialization. Here life is carried into the school and thus school becomes life. But perhaps the biggest asset in socializing a recitation is the atti- tude of and enthusiasm in the work on the part of the teacher. A tyran- 10 OUR COLLEGE TIMES nical, critical teacher makes social effort useless. He is out of sym- pathy and acts as a damper to the exuberant spirit of youth. But when teacher and pupil meet on a level of human sympathy and mu- tual agreement, then the most good will result. Then pupils will not merely exist in school, but live — actually live. Then school will be life and life will be school. — Eva V. Arbegast. Our Course in Education We may know the future de- mands which will be made on Eliza- bethtown College by studying the past and present demands and in- dications. Elizabethtown College is offering fifteen different courses and has offered these for years iDack. A study has been made of the number of graduates in these various courses of each year of our histoi*y. The table of statistics ■given herewith contains the data that were found in this study. This table of statistics contains the number of students who com- pleted the various courses each year since 1903. The total number of graduates of each year including graduates from all courses appear at the foot of the table. The total number of graduates that com- pleted the different courses since the school started are found in the vertical column of totals on the ri-jht hand side of the table. The last vertical column of figures represents the rank of the courses which was found by multiplying the total number of graduates in each course by the length of the course in years. You will notice that the Peda- gogical Course stands at the top of the list in the rank column in the table of statistics. In the accom- panying cut the numbers in the top of the black columns represent the number of students enrolled in each of the different courses, at the present time. This same fact is also shown graphically by the black columns themselves, the length of which is to represent the number enrolled in the course in- dicated. Fifty-nine students are en- rolled in the course this year. Fourteen students are complet- ing this course this year. Many of these were offered flattering salaries and were strongly urged to teach, yet in the face of these facts they decided to spend this year in further preparation in order to magnify their work in their chosen profession. Prospects for next year are very bright. By all appearances there will be some twenty seniors in our Course of Education. Many are planning to take advantage of our Special Spring Normal which is to open on April 12. In this eight- week session a number of public school teachers are planning to complete enough of the more ad- vanced subjects in the Pedagogical Course next year by taking the work as outlined in the senior year of the course. There seems to be an ever grow- ing demand for better qualified school teachers in all sections of OUR COLLEGE TIMES 11 CO U en 0^ D O y CO D O < > o % o b: u. CO < D < b: o z o CO u H CO < co u. O U n < 00 (M CM ^ tr lO CO «:; (M -^ 00 (>) CO' CO CO o C5 CO (M C5 CX) CO CO CO 'M 1—1 ^H 04 1—1 1—1 T-l (M -^ «c t-t (M IC (M (N CO Tf 00 CO CO (M 1—1 UJ to ?Ci CO tH 00 T-l iH iH (N tH -rf (M T-l 1—1 rH 00 o o 1— 1 <=> rH o o o o 00 CO CM 1-1 o t> o t- CO 00 tH its CO CO \t-\ O i-i o o o o o CO I -^ I'^lcMlt- ICMlco |o|oq|^lw:> IcmIcoI^I o | rH I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I U3 I -* CM i-< CO \ ^ O CM CM I CO CO O CM I CM I CM tH eg I c-j -^ CM O CM -<^ CO CO '^ CM iH 00 o O 0<1 C5 CM CO O O O 1-1 00 CO I C3 1—1 O O 1-1 o CO I 1-i o o CO CO CO TH O O ICM CM o I o o o U5 -^ CO T-l O o o O I CM o o ■^ ICM lo lio lo lo |o lo lo lo lo lo lo lo lo |o |t> p 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 CO lo lo Ico lo lo lo lo lo lo lo |o lo lo lo lo Ico p 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 o f^ PQ ft S3 O >- Ph H O c* C « PL, &J0 < < H 12 OUR COLLEGE TIMES <our country. There never was a time when a well qualified teacher was sought for as today. Elizabeth- town College is willing and ready to shoulder her share of the re- sponsibility to meet this growing demand. We never had as strong a faculty as we will have next year. Our course is perfectly up-to- date. Our graduates are our guar- antee which we offer to those who are looking into the merits of our Course in Education with a view of completing it. — J. C. M. A Craphloil Representation of the nunber of stinlcnts tal:in~ their -najor v.'orl: • ; in the various courses with a view of llnisVinfT then - OS soon as pocalblc. Ills B O CO Teaching as a Profession Every pupil who is preparing to teach is entering one of the pro- fessions. The difference between a profession and a trade is that a profession is governed by nature, while a trade is guided by rules and directions. All professions have three phases of culture, but the teaching pro- fession has four phases of educa- tional culture. One of these is academic preparation. The amount that the teacher needs depends on OUR COLLEGE TIMES 13 the school and the subjects that he is going to teach. The capstone to the teacher's training is practice. He also must have theory. A teacher without theory is like one groping in the dark. He is not able to sift the chaff from the wheat. Theory and practice go hand in hand. In teaching, changes are being made all the time, in the methods of instruction and in the curri- culum, so the teacher must study and keep on learning in order to Iceep up to the times. The laymen as well as the teachers should know the changes that are being made. The child is being emphasized now r.iore than mere subject-matter. The teacher must know the con- tents and the principle values of v'hat he is going to teach. With- out knowing the why or aim of teaching a certain thing, his teach- ing will become mechanical. The teacher must have an aim in teach- ing a subject and must strive to that end. An educated man must be trained in all his powers in order to be of most service to his school and to his community. Education means the development of all the powers. The efficient teacher must know the interests of his pupils, must know the aim and content of what he is teaching, must be able to co- operate with fellow-teachers, school board, superintendent, and supervision and should have prac- tice and theory. — Sarah H. Rover. The Rural School Teacher The rural school teacher has a mission to perform which no one else can perform. His opportuni- ties to touch life and responsibili- ties in this great field are numerous. Of course he meets difficulties, he has problems to solve and he has obstacles to overcome. And for all this he often receives sordid in- justice, is frequently and woefully neglected and all too often receives little or no encouragement. The rural school teacher has the opportunity to inculcate "the best American ideals"; first in the chil- dren who are under his care; second, in the patrons of the school, and third, in the community at large. Not until he has done this is his mission fully and truly per- formed. However important, he must not simply be a good dis- ciplinarian in the school room he must not only know and use the best methods in teaching, but he must be a first-class social worker. It is his business to analyze and study social problems and condi- tions, then supply the best possible solutions. To do justice to this re- sponsible position he must not go to it blindly. He must be prepared and his preparation must be of the highest type. If a rural school teacher enters whole-heartedly and unreseveredly into the work he will not feel justified to take a position in the rural school until he has the best preparation. He must prove to the community that he is there with a vv^ell defined purpose of help- ing them and not simply for pas- time. After he has accomplished 14 OUR COLLEGE TIMES this, the problem of a satisfactory renumeration will easily be solved. — Henry Wenger. High School Problems If we wish to have any institution function efficiently, we must have a clear conception of the aim of that institution, and probably the best way to set forth the aim of the American High School is to con- trast it with the European High School. We see that the youth of the foreign high school, at the end of his course, has received more academic training than the Ameri- can youth of equal school age, but we see also that what the American youth lacks in academic training he makes up in vocational study. The foreign school savors very strongly of aristocracy because of their nar- row, cultural courses but it is the aim of the American high school to turn out pupils that have a broad democratic view of life, and are well grounded in the fundamentals of an ideal society. So we may sum up the aim under three points : first social efficiency, second good will, and third the harmless enjoyment of leisure time. The subject of discipline resolves itself into two methods of control, the direct and indirect. It is to the indirect method that we most con- stantly appeal for the easy control and regulation of our high school pupils. Under this method disci- pline becomes a positive factor and in the case of an offence, a private talk is very often all that is needed. Bagley says of this method, "It is a parodox that discipline becomes conspicious by its absence." It is like an engine, that has been ad- justed and well oiled before the steam was turned on, and now runs smoothly. The direct method may be resorted to in extreme cases. When we consider the vast fields of literature and the extensive sur- vey of science, together with his- tories, mathematics and studies of ethic, economic and civic value, we see at once that we cannot hope to formulate a curriculum that will ever touch all those points and at the same time give some vocational training. The problem then arises, what shall we put into our high school curriculum? John Dewey suggests that we "connect our edu- cation with the general march of events," and to do that we must take out much of our formal, theo- retical work and give place to the newer and more practical work. Our mathematics must be re- modeled, our science is undergoing a change from the theoretical to the practical and history must change its point of view. Each soul is tuned to a certain key, and it is the duty of the high school course to sound different keys to its pupils until one is sounded that will resonate clearly as a bell in the soul of that pupil that it tuned to the same pitch. Thus can the high school become a means of vocation- al guidance. We find a very strong and grow- ing sentiment for supervised study in the high schools of today. It is a period or perhaps periods regu- larly given to studj^ with one or OUR COLLEGE TIMES 15 sometimes two teachers in charge to foster the work. Its aim is to help the pupil to concentrate at the proper time and place so as to get and retain what is of most value, and to do it in the least time. It places the center of gravity, so to speak, in the pupil instead of in the teacher, and thus establishes a more stable equilibrium in the school. In our large cities where home work is well nigh impossible it is a very efficient substitute, for it causes the pupils to do more in- tensive work, to investigate with greater interest examine with definite purpose, and inquire with greater zeal. — L. N. Myer. Stimulating a Desire For Reading To stimulate reading interests is one of the chief aims of culture. The problem of reading is chiefly to develop at an early age skill in silent reading and to furnish chil- dren with such reading material which will lead them voluntarily to read enough to fix habits and in- terests in reading for life. The home, the school and the public can share in this matter. The home can furnish newspapers, magazines, such as the "Youth's Companion" and good, clean story books for the children. In the school this task is confined largely to the teacher. In the upper grades it is better to read a classic than .so many disconnected stories from the reader. Collateral reading should not be made too formal. A pupil who wishes to know more about something should be referred to some book or article that will tell what he wishes to know in a simple and direct manner. Later the pupil should tell the class the essential facts he had dis- covered in his reading. It is better to cultivate a desire to read by sending the pupil to the Saturday Evening Post than to kill that de- sire by offering him Paradise Lost when he cannot comprehend nor enjoy it. Another aid in stimulating a de- sire for reading is for -the teacher to read or tell a story partly, then let the pupils write how they thought the story ended and read their compositions to the class. Or when the teacher begins to tell a story, let the pupils find the book from which the extract was taken and read the rest of the story themselves. Many stories can be dramatized in a simple manner and the best parts of a poem memor- ized. The public can furnish the books for a library, which can be used v/ell in stimulating a desire for reading. — M. Ada Doutv. Methods in The Teaching of Reading There are many differences of opinion as to the proper method in teaching reading. The older or Synthetic Methods of teaching reading have proved unpedagogic- al, tedious, illogical in basic prin- ciples, and unduly difficult. 16 OUR COLLEGE TIMES The later methods usually known as the Analytic Methods seem to have a more vital point of contact in that they have a language unit that represents some idea or image. Some hold that the word is the proper beginning, other think the sentence, with its complete thought is the rational initiatory step, and still others demand that the com- plete story is the only proper means of introducing the child to the art of reading. The story method of teaching reading seems by far the most pop- ular and modern of the three. The quickest results are usually at- tained by this method. In the story method the acquisition of thought is predominant, and the process of learning the symbols and me- chanics of reading are taught in- cidentally. The teaching of the basic story comes first. The story should be told by the teacher to the class, then the story becomes the subject of a number of conver- sation lessons, in which the teacher endeavors to have the children give the story. Finally the story is re- produced by the children by actual- ly dramatizing it. After the thought of the story is acquired the teacher will begin to have the children recognize verbal relations. This can be done by printing or writing a sentence on the blackboard, then reading by the teacher, and afterwards by the class. This way the children learn independent word recognition by the position of the word in a sen- tence, by comparison of a word with the same word in the known sentences, and by forming new sentences by placing old words in new relations. When the class is able to rec- ognize a sufficient number of words as their own, phonic drills may be introduced. Now the children be- gin to compare one word with an- other and discover their likeness and difference. In this way the child is taught to recognize the let- ters which compose the words. By this story, method the thought content holds the children's interest thus overcoming the drudgery of the synthetic methods. — E. M. Hertzler. Religious Notes The fundamentals of real Chris- tian living as Christ taught them are paradoxical. The reason that the church of to-day is going forth with so much power and zeal is be- cause she is ready to take Christ at his word and to live as he taught and exemplified. He that loseth his life shall find it. He that giveth it away shall re- tain it. Everytime you light an- other man's lamp at your torch of truth, yours shall receive an added flame. If you want to have, give. These are some of Christ's teach- mgs which are vital and essential La OUR COLLEGE TIMES 17 real joy, power and blessing. All of these prove that religion is ex- pression. To keep a feeling you must express it. To experience real joy you must give whatever and all you have and you shall have the life abundant. Our present civilization makes strong demands on every individual. The war taught the world that ev- ery one must contribute his part to society. Most people responded cheerfully with money and labor. But the greatest demands of the day are on the church. The call comes for men and women and money. Some step back and say the church cannot and need not do all that is asked of her. Others say it must be done and they act accord- ingly. The students in the Colleges of the Church of the Brethren decided to raise money to equip a hospital in China. The goal set was $8,500. The students, full of the spirit of service and appreciation of their blessings, decided to give their best and that was a much larger amount than the goal first set. Each college conducted its own campaign at the time best suited. Ours was launched after the Chapel period March 2. The delegates to the Student Volunteer Conference at Juniata College first gave their reports and impressions, all of which revealed great world needs and facts. Spirit ran high and most of the students and teachers were ready to meet the challenge by giving all they could, not of what they had but of what they were willing to sacrifice and earn. When the call for subscriptions was made the response began. In about twenty minutes $1157.50 was pledged. However, no one felt sat- isfied and so the amount continued to increase and by evening it had reached $1327.50. At present the amount is $1449.50. This money VIS pledged out of love for the less fortimate and no one could have found a happier group of people than those on College Hill. Last year the Student Volunteers at Elizabethtown decided to start a scholarship for the benefit of some worthy student preparing for definite mission work. The fund was started by placing $200 in bank. A committee appointed to work out the details decided that the amount of the scholarship shall be $2000. Their plan has been adopted and we hope to reach the goal not many years hence. The Student Volunteers have planned a number of deputation trips to the various churches of our districts. Prof. Meyer spent the week-end of March 6 and 7 at Lake Ridge, New York. He went to conduct a council meeting. He also spent March 13 and 14 at Johnstown, Pa. — S. C. S. 18 OUR COLLEGE TIMES J~: J~T r^T FR MIOI^Xj — — ~ — T — '^i^~~y~^i^ — T^ — IT Tb^ Our Society must grow, glow and go, and I will help to make it so. Therefore, I'll help you and you'll help me; then, what a help- ing world there'll be. March 6th, 1920 our Society met in regular session and rendered the following program: Music, Piano Solo, Chapel Bell, Emma Ziegler; A Monologue, Jimmy Brown's Idea of Prompt Obedience, Ethel B. Wenger. This was follow- ed by an original story by Vera Hackman. Mr, Holsopple then conducted an Information class which was very interesting. Music, Victrola Selection. No program was rendered the following week because of the re- cess between winter and spring terms. Regular Program Mar. 20, 1920 Music, Vocal Solo, Lullaby from Jocelyn, Louise Jeter; Essay, Ad- vantages of Office Work compared with Teaching, Emmert McDannel; Original Dialogue, Walter Keeney and Amnion Ziegler; Debate: Re- solved, that inter-collegiate athlet- ics should be tolerated in all schools Affirmative, Edward Ziegler, Mar- garet Oellig; Negative, Jessie Oel- lig, Daniel Myers. Music, Victrola Selection; Reading, The Bald-Head- ed Man, Grace Ober; Critic's Re- marks. —A. G. Y. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 19 School Notes Miss Trimmer's favorite pronoun Due to the kindness of Mr. John is "H. E. R." Gibbel two nev/ shower baths have been installed for the use of the girls. These are very much ap- The "steadies" will enjoy tennis predated, because it is a "love" — ly game. The boys are getting the base Mr. Samuel King and Mr. Isaac ball fever. Already they have Taylor, Jr., were recent visitors on started light practice and as soon the hill. as the ground is in condition we expect ball games. Quite a few new students are among us. More are expected as the rural schools close. Professor in Geometry to Mr. R. "Excuse me for being so personal, but do you belong to the Wrigley crowd." Mr. Paul Wenger, while reading in French said, "Monsieur Per- richon a perdu son cheveux." (He meant "son chapeau.") The oratorical contest of the Keystone Literary Society will be held April 17. A good live contest is expected and we cordially invite all our friends to be "present. Drama Act I — Their eyes met; Act II — Their lips met; Act III — Their souls met; Act IV — Their lawyers met. The Senior Class will render an The 1920 pennants were used for Arbor Day program on April 9, at the first time at the Senior Ora- 3 o'clock. On the evening of the torical Contest. They are neat in same day the anniversary program design and attractive in appear- of the Keystone Literary society ance. will be rendered. To all these pro- grams you are invited. The days from now until com- mencement will be busier than ever. We wonder why Mr. Paul Zug is Don't forget, however, that we so absent-minded lately. The other must keep physically fit to do our day he idly wandered into Rider's ^^^^^- hardware store and asked for five 20 OUR COLLEGE TIMES pounds of noodles. On being in- formed that they didn't keep noodles he walked out again won- dering why the clerk laughed. Long life's a lovely thing to know, With lovely health and wealth forsooth And lovely name and fame — But, O! The loveliness of youth. —Riley. Nature is bursting forth in bud and blossom, in twig and blade this springtide. With the coming of spring, our exuberant spirits should be liberated in the vigor of youth by intensive study, by spending much time with Mother Nature, by observing regular habits, and by sufficient exercise. On March 2 we had the pleasure of listening to a lecture by Presi- dent James A. Burns, who was in- strumental in breaking up the feud system in the mountains of Kentucky. He is the founder of Oneida School where mountain children are given the chance for an education. He gave his message in slow, simple language which charmed his large audience. The Senior Oratorical Contest was held in College Chaepl on March 19. Four persons contested for the prizes. The orations were well delivered, masterful and force- ful in their appeal ; present day problems, vital and interesting, were discussed. Three prizes were awarded : first prize to Miss Eva Arbegast; second prize to Mr. Clar- ence Sollenberger; third prize to Miss Ada Douty. The interest and spirit mani- fested by the student body in the last few games of basket ball was very commendable and worthy to be emulated. Only by the students support can a game be lively and full of spirit. On March 5th the Commercials met the Literary Students in their third game. The game was closely contested from whistle to whistle. The first half was vibrant with thrills and ended with the Com. in the lead, 5-2. Each team had an enthusiastic crowd of supporters. S. Ober starred for the Literary with four field goals, with J. Bechtel playing a close game at guard. Paul Zug featured for the Com- mercials with 4 fouls and 1 field goal. Score at the close of the game was 18-13, favor of Literary Students. The Faculty met the school in a basket ball game March 19. The school team was made up of "second stringers." The game had plenty of action. The first half finished with the Faculty leading 10-4. The second half was hotly contested. The crowd supported the teams impartially. The school nosed the Faculty out in last few minutes of play. The final score was 15-14. — R. W. — E. V. A. 'T-IK jMiLiuEii^i) wmm k^^ Volume XVI 1 ^ ' " Number 8 EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief I. S. Hoffer Associate Editor Ezra Wenger Departmental Editor H. H. Nye Alumni Editor J. G. Meyer Religious News Contributor Sara Shisler Society News Contributor Ada G. Young Eva V. Arbegast School News Contributors -, t, j ttt Raymond Wenger Business Manager H. A. Via Assistant Business Manager A. C. Baugher Our College Times is published month y during the Academic year by Elizabeth- town College. This paper will have to be discontinued as soon as the time of subscription expires as an action of the United States legislature. Please renew in time and report any change of address to the business manager. Subscription rates one dollar per year; fifteen cents per copy; six subscriptions $5.00. Entered as second-class matter April 19, 1909, at the Elizabethtown Postoffice. Editorials Endowment and Academic tian education, that their children ^, , J shall be trained and developed, both for their own well-being and In these columns have appeared for the service of the Kingdom of from time to time encouraging re- God. By their pledges they are ports of the progress of our Endow- placing a responsibility upon the ment Campaign. Prof. Schlosser school to furnish the training for and his assistants find a healthy and the highest ends conceived under inspiring interest in ' education the term "Christian education." among our constituents. By their The question those in charge of pledges and contributions they are the school can well afford to ask showing that they believe in Chris- themselves is, "Are we living up to OUR COLLEGE TIMES the expectations of those who are looking this way?" The kind of reply they may expect will depend upon the criteria by which their work is measured. One can readily see that there will be as many criteria as there are individuals passing- judgment. The criterion to which any one holds as a test of Christian education is determined, in the last analysis, by the stand- ards which he upholds. One way, then, of meeting the re- quirements to which our school is put is to uphold standards which are high enough to meet the de- mands of the most exacting stand- ard by which we will be tested. The Endowment Campaign itself is an effort to meet certain financial standards set by the College and University Council for the right to grant the academic degree. When these, and certain other scholastic requirements, shall have been at- tained, Elizabethtown College will be standardized. But above and beyond any legal- istic standard there is another standard which must be upheld. This is the standard required by our moral obligations to the com- munity, to the Church, and to so- ciety at large. College life should furnish an environment thru both its curricular and its extracurricu- lar activities which will bring the student into a vital relation with the most fundamental experiences of these various groups. The high- est standards of the community, of the Church, and of society must be upheld — standards relating to w^ork, recreation, the right use of leisure, the relation of the in- dividual to his fellows, or any other form of human conduct. In order to reach this end the College curriculum must offer courses which will afford real cul- ture, which will bring the student into the presence of the treasured wisdom of the race, which will show him the actual condition of his immediate world, both material and social, and which will present the ideals which the race is cherish- ing. In such a curriculum there is no place for specialization. Present- day college curricula provide for concentration in definite fields with a wide distribution thruout the cur- riculum, but the products of such training are not specialists. The college should rather provide the training implied in Pres. Lowell's statement regarding an educated man — one who "knows everything about something and something about everything." If our college graduates are to be the leaders of the next generation they must be able to approach a task intelligently and see it thru to its completion ; they must have a just sense of values — must be able to "see life steadily and see it whole"; they must understand the dynamic factors in human experi- ence — the strong undercurrents which move and control men ; and they must possess a wide sympathy for their fellowmen. Such training is afforded only by holding to the highest academic standards. Such training the constituents of a stand- ardized Elizabethtown College have a right to demand for their children. OUR COLLEGE TIMES We speak of a conservative col- lege. Only by training leaders in accordance with the best standards can the best in our community and church life be conserved and per- petuated. Conservatism is not a passive mold into which all the past is poured and handed over to the future, but it is rather an active process, selecting the most vital from that past and, by the action of intelligent experience upon it, in- terpreting it to the future. This is the only type of conservatism which is worth while. This demands the adherence to high standards, ac- ademic and otherwise. By such standards let our College be judged. May she ever stand the test! Endowment Campaign Notes The months of March and April were spent in the Chambersburg, York and Antietam congregations. More congregations would have been covered but helpers in the work were few and the congrega- tions solicited some of the largest in our state districts. The first week in March was spent in the Chambersburg Congre- gation. The work did not move so rapidly here because of the bad condition of the roads. This congre- gation has many staunch friends of the college. The next three weeks of March were busy ones in York. This con- gregation of four hundred and fifty members had to be visited at night because of most of the members work in the industrial plants of the city. Professor J. G. Meyer as- sisted in the evening work. Elder J. A. Long directed the work from his home and a number of the younger brethren of the York con- gregation assisted as pilots in the work. This congregation has the highest record of the thirty-four congregations solicited, unless the Antietam congregation 'surpasses it this coming week. The York con- gregation raised one hundred and sixty-eight per cent, of its quota. A number of men students were found in this city and community for the college next year. Ninety-seven per cent, of the members of this church contributed to the campaign funds. Elders Taylor, Kilhefner, and Schlosser started the drive for the endowment fund in the Antietam Congregation the first week of April. This congregation includes the members of Waynesboro, Price's, Weltz's and Ronzerville, totalling about nine hundred and twenty-five. The solicitors worked under the direction of Elders H. M. Stover, being at work in the coun- try districts in day time and in the town during the evening. During the first three weeks of the campaign about three-fourths of the congre- gation was covered. This church has responded nobly. About one hundred and thirty-five per cent, of 6 OUR COLLEGE TIMES the quota is already raised. If the one-fourth remaining will con- tribute proportionately this congre- gation may reach the highest aver- age. In addition to funds a num- ber of students were found for this coming fall term. The solicitors announce with much pleasure the gift of Bro. Aaron Newcomer in the form of the Newcomer Memorial Library, which will grace the campus in the near future. The building will be erected by Bro. Newcomer and furnished by the college. We trust some more of our brethren and sis- ters will feel the importance of Christian education and in a sub- stantial way do something to per- petuate it for future generations. The solicitors are planning to finish the work around Waynesboro this week. This congregation is the home of one of our trustees, Elder C. R. Oellig, of several of our faculty members. Professor L. W. Leiter, and Miss Mildred Bone- brake, and of a number of present and former students. The greatest need of the so- licitors is for more help in the great task. Fifty-five hundred members remain to be seen. Unless some of our competent brethren will be willing to come to our aid the work may not be completed this year. But we trust that a number will grasp the importance of the work and the opportuneness of the move- ment and help to finish the task to which the response is so gratifying. Nothing short of a Herculean effort this summer will bring the w^ork to a successful completion. So. to the work. — R. W. S. Our School Departments The Use of Clear English English is usually regarded as the fundamental subject in the cur- riculum due to the fact that it is es- sential to everyday speech. No personal defect is so noticeable as the use of defective English. Ev- ery student should aspire to the use of the very best English. Since this art is so desirable it might be well to inquire as to the causes of de- fective English. Students who are brought up un- der Pennsylvania-German influence and are trained in German expres- sion and diction need especially to exercise strongly in the use of proper English. Not only does this kind of student possess a peculiar brogue, but many English idioms show a strong Germanic origin. In diction the order of words and the use of prepositions and adverbs needs to be watched carefully. Then, too. our methods of teach- ing English have been at fault. In the first place it might be said that our teaching has been too formal. We have been emphasizing the memorizing of rules and definitions and have failed to lead inductively to natural forms of expression, guided by these principles. The aim OUR COLLEGE TIMES should be to give birth to new ideas and to aflford opportunity for the easy and natural expression of these ideas. Overemphasis has also been placed upon the study of an- cient and foreign languages. If some of this valuable time had been spent in acquiring the use of good English, infinitely more good might have been obtained. A close analy- sis of this matter reveals the fact that our procedure has been too un- pedagogical. Probably the greatest cause of poor English is the formation of slovenly habits of speech. It is pos- sible to know the principles of the English language and yet to be very deficient in its use. Unless the teaching of English arouses a desire on the part of the student to be- come more skilful in its use, the work fails to be effective. — H. H. N. Literature and the Child In all ages man has been alert to the cry of "Treasure." The energy and time he has expended in plan- ning as well as in actual digging is immeasurable. Home ties have been severed, lives have been sacri- ficed, oceans have been crossed, even continents have been explored by man in. search of glittering ore. Nevertheless, the majority of treas- ure-seekers have returned from their quest empty handed. In the meantime, these very men might have unearthed the "Acres of Diamonds" in their possession. They might have gained untold riches had they entered the treas- ureland of the spirit and claimed their own. Cheer and inspiration displace discouragment wherever men, the heirs of all the ages, ap- propriate their rightful kingdom, the kingdom of books. Heaven has tendered her best gifts, the child, to the care of hu- man beings. The imperishable mind in its most plastic state is of- ten marred by clumsy workman- ship. Unlimited possibilities are of- times crushed by short-sighted, self- centered parents and teachers. Those who assume the responsi- bility of child training must not only meet the physical needs, but they must meet the unfolding men- tal and soul needs, as well. They must be able to touch the magic spring of the soul windows and say, "Open Sesame." They who pipe for childish fol- lowers, must not only be equipped with a superficial knowledge of books, but they must have read the world's best literature in order that they may be what reading the best alone can make them. Then they will be able not only to teach the child how to read, but what is far more vital to the individual and social good, they will teach him what to read. Teachers of childhood, do you realize that you are giving into the hand of the child a powerful tool, for good or ill? Leaders of youth do you realize that it is largely yours to determine how the tool of reading will be directed? Many of your children will spend much time in reading after they leave school and become men and 8 OUR COLLEGE TIMES women of the word? What they Avill read and what the results will be largely depend on you. Will their reading serve any pur- pose other than to occupy time and afford pleasure? Will they pore over the comic supplement while they might be strengthening a life purpose by idealizing some heroic character? Will they waste their time and eyesight on the dime novel and sentimental love tale while they might be inbibling the precious life blood of a master spirit? Teach the girl to shut her door on the idle gossip of the housemaid and chat with pollyanna, sing with Pippa, or glean with Ruth. Let the boy escape from the meanness of the stable boy and roam the woods with Hiawatha, joust with Gala- had, play football with Tom Brown, or explore a new continent with David Livingstone. These are play- mates that never quarrel but will teach lessons of cheer, courage, purity and virtue. These are friends that uphold "the true, the beautiful and the good." To be on intimate terms with them is to be cultured and enobled. Then, too, the child who can turn this magic key can unlock the doors to all fields of knowledge, be it science, ethics, history or poetry. Oftimes the beauty of the out-of- doors and mother nature's lessons are first revealed by one of the na- ture-loving poets. What a vast vista of increasing delight is thus un- folded. What glory veils the com- monplace, what meaning is added to daily duties and daily bread, what songs sing themselves into the soul when touched by the alchemy of poetry. More true in the mental and moral world than in the physical is the statement, "we become like that which nourishes us." A look may start a young man's footsteps toward the juvenile court or the scientific laboratory, toward the penitentiary or the mission field. The book of power will generate character. The devotional book, read and reread will mellow and deepen the spirit. Knowing the value of books to the individual and society, I beg you to appeal to the youth of our land in the words of Ruskin when he says, "Have you measured and mapped out this short life and its possibilities? Do you know if you read this that you cannot read that — that what you lose today you cannot gain tomorrow?" Having thus equipped him, you have started him on the 'iibe-more- abundant" quest, and your name will be blessed for all time. "To fall in love with a good book is to add a rich gift to life's ex- perience. It is to have a new in- fluence pouring itself into our lives, a new teacher to inspire and refine us, a new friend to be by our side always, who, when life grows nar- row or weary, will take us into his wider, calmer, higher world." "Whether it be biography, intro- ducing us to some humble life made great by duty done ; or history, opening vistas into the movements and destines of nations that have passed away ; or poetry, making music of all the common things around us and filling the fields and OUR COLLEGE TIMES skies and the work of the city and the cottage with eternal meaning. Whether it be these, or story books, or religious books, or science, no one can become the friend of one good book without being made wiser and better. "Books! those miraculous mem- ories of high thoughts and golden moods; those silver shells, tremu- lous with the wonderful secrets of ocean life ; those love letters that pass from hand to hand of a thou- sand lovers that never meet; those honey combs of dreams ; those or- chards of knowledge ; those still- beating hearts of the noble dead ; those mysterious signals that bea- con along the darksome path-ways of the past; voices thru which the myriad whisperings of the earth find perfect speech ; oracles thru which its mysteries call like voices in moonlit woods ; prisms of beauty ; urns stored with all the sweets of all the summers of time ; immortal nightingales that sing forever to the roses of life — Books!" — Edna Brubaker The Teacher as an Artist During the past centuries the world has had many great artists. Artists who by their achievements have proven their greatness. Art- ists who have won their just place of fame in the heart of the world. The name of Beethoven, the great musician, is cherished. Thru his marvelous power he imparted something to the world which no one else could have imparted. The Greek sculptor, Phidias, by his mas- terful skill gave the best that chisel and marble has ever produced. Raphael, the famous painter, has won fame and recognition because by his almost divine touch, he has produced his masterpiece which is appreciated, admired, and ap- proved by everybody. No one doubts that they were great artists. They are exalted, honored and revered as few men are. But there is another artist who has yet re- mained in obscurity, an artist whose power is almost infinite, an artist whose material instead ■ of being inert and impersonal is alive and personal. This artist is the un- crowned queen of the school-room. Is teaching really an art? What is art? Prof. Colvin defines art as "every regulated operation or dex- terity by which organized being pursue ends which they know beforehand, together with the rules and the result of every activity." That involves skill, the pursuit of ends involves intelligence, and the presence of rules shows the ability to be formally guided. Does teach- ing require skill? In no other art is the master obliged to draw from his resourcefulness and tact as is the teacher in the school-room. Does it require intelligence? To deal with the growing child mind the highest type of intelligence is need- ed. Has teaching rules of pro- cedure? It calls for the unknown to be associated with the related known. For in this way only can the child grasp new ideas. The musician realizes that a thorough knowledge of the tech- nique of music is essential. The 10 OUR COLLEGE TIMES sculptor feels the need of knowing in detail the composiiton of marble so that he may select the best ma- terial for his particular work. It is essential for the painter to know just what paints and brushes should be used and what kind of pictures should be painted to assure a suc- cessful career. These artists must learn to pay the price of untiring efforts. If it is important for these artists who work with inanimate objects to measure up to such a high standard how much more es- sential is it that the teacher attain even a higher standard because shv? works with human beings, she moulds the character of the child. The arti'?t teacher acquaints her- self with the child. She realizes that the child is a distinct person- ality, joyous spontaneous, natural and free. She is aware that the child is immature but has the power of growth and development. She recognizes original tendencies in the child. She makes ample allow- ance for them. She knows that a few of these tendencies must be eliminated and the others modified, redirected and developed. She understands that the child is timid, delicate, sensitive ; but she eagerly, anxiously, reverently watches for the little spark of genius, of soul, of individuality and so breathes the breath of life upon it that it can never again be crushed or re- pressed. In addition to knowing the child. the artist teacher is master of her subject matter. She is not satisfied with anything less than the best. She does not teach up to the edge of her knowledge. She has a broad back ground. She has an accumu- lated wealth ofknowledge. With such a wealth she has no fear to appear before her children. The subjects which she teaches express not merely facts, but the pupils minds swell and they are eager to enter regions of which they had not previously thought or known. How are these untold powers of the child developed? The fine art of teaching has a technique dif- ferent from that of any other art. To begin with, the artist teacher has a keen regard for the in- dividuality of her pupils. She handles each boy and girl with a particular care which takes into ac- count personal traits. For this rea- son she is versatile in the ways and means of her craft. Her teaching seldom repeats itself. Every mo- ment, every topic, every human mood is a new challenge to her re- sourcefulness. Hers is a life of ad- venture in which there is nothing of dull repetition, nor the monotony and the routine of which so many teachers complain. She knows that the education of the child rests largely on whether he is allowed to develop naturally or not. Her ways are interesting. She keeps her pu- pils open-eyed. She is sure of her purpose, but she does not drive. She stimulates, she suggests, she ex- emplifies. In her methods she is patient and round about, but the speed she puts in her pupils more than compensates for the length of the route taken. The artist teacher in unabashed regardless of the num- ber of visitors who see the incom- pleteness of each step. She is well OUR COLLEGE TIMES 11 poised, thoughtful, kind and sure, for in the end she has a perfect re- sult. She gives her own love of high values, clear thinking, and forceful action to her wards. Her creativeness is dynamic. She gives them the power to grow forever. The aim of the artist teacher is not to produce a mechanical some- thing, not to produce merely a book lover, not to produce a prodigy. Her purpose is to invigorate life thru knowledge. She finds inspira- tion in her work. She teaches be- cause she loves children. However narrow the field of study may seem to be, this master pursues her specialty v/ith a reverent regard for relationships and settings. She gives a liberal education in one course. Her treatment is specialized but not narrowing. Into the class room she brings a character as well as a mind. She conveys both values and truths. She does not forget the man in whom the trained mind is to reside. While her direct and ob- vious business is to make a thinker she never forgets the more im- portant obligations of training character. She teaches, she inspires, she is genial and those who study and labor under her guidance do so with spontaniety and affection. The men and women she rears are more than strong and forceful, learned and skillful ; they are harmoniously developed personalities, whole- some and charming, for whom the world steps aside. Teachers, it is to you that America looks for her future art- ists. Ask yourselves the question, "what is the effect of my teaching on the soul growth of" the chil- dren?" You are a greater artist than he who paints a picture, than he who carves a statue, than he who composes music. Your pro- duct is that wonderful thing, human conduct. You are a Creator. America looks to you for her fu- ture greatness, her united voice, for blending her races into one great, glorious commonwealth. — Henry Wenger, Religious Notes "I trust God to save me : He trusts me to save others." "What are Christians put into the world for except to do the im- possible in the strength of God?" "Your love has a broken wing if it cannot fly across the sea." "By lifting the burdens of others we lose our own." "Attachment to Christ is the only secret of detachment from the world." "The next thing to knowing that 'we have found Him' is to find someone else and say. "Come and see'." "The eagle that soars near the sun is not concerned how it will cross the streams." "A definition of a missionary — God's man in God's place, doing God's work in God's way for God's glory." 12 OUR COLLEGE TIMES "The real secret of an unsatisfied life lies too often in an unsurrender- ed will." "Begin the day by pleading with God for men, and then go forth to plead with men for God." "The men who move the world are the ones who do not let the world move them." "Whatever outfit a man may have, however complete, without God's infit, will inevitably prove an absolute misfit." "Redemption from beginning to end is a problem in loss and gain in which the magnitude of our gain is determined by the multitude of our losses." "Our expression of Christ de- pends upon His impression in us." "Some one put the rules of suc- cess in a set of startling paradoxes: If you want to get up, get down ; if you want to be seen, get out of sight; if you want to be great, go bury yourself. The man that buries himself in his books comes out by and by a historian, or a poet, a Gibbon, a Motley, or a Tennyson. The man who buries himself in the laboratory appears by and by as a Pasteur, Farady, or an Edison. The one who gets out of sight in the study of nature, reappears as a naturalist, an Agassiz, or a Dana ; the one who is lost to sight in the preparation for church work, or in devotion to needy men, ih seen in due time as a ripe, useful Christian, a Phillips Brooks or a Moody." Eld. H. C. Early preached in the Elizabethtown church April 18, both morning and evening. He gave enthusiastic discourses on the Forward Movement, showing how the Interchurch World Movement gives it an added impetus. Rev. Thomas, from Virginia, preached in the College Chapel on Sunday evening, April 11. His sub- ject was "W-A-N-T-E-D." Profs. Ober, Meyer anl Nye, Eld. Taylor, Mr. Ezra Wenger and Misses Ada Young and Esther Kintzel attended the District meet- ing held at Pine Grove, April 28 and 29. The Student Volunteers rendered programs in fourteen churches dur- ing April. Everywhere the audi- ences were responsive and ap- preciative. A number of these churches were visited for the first time this year. All manifested a spirit of deep interest in and an en- couraging attitude toward, the great task of the church of today. Twelve more programs are plan- ned for the school year. — S. C. S. "Ambition is life's great pathway that points to the stars. It is lighted by the rays of hope that spring from the heart of man and is paved with beads of sweat that fall from his brow. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 13 Alumni Notes Extracts from Miss Bessie Rider's letter to her good friends in the homeland. Miss Rider, '03, is lo- cated at Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China. The letter from which these extracts were taken was written February 24, 1920. *'I have just returned from Shanghai, where I had been in at- tendance at the nurse's conference. We reached Shanghai, Thursday, February 5. Was so glad for the •opportunity to room at the China In- land Mission Home, for there were seven or eight other nurses rooming there besides, among them being Miss Atzel of the American Board Mission, who was my partner on the trip." "While the China Inland Mission Hall had been the headquarters for our conference, it had been ar- ranged to have an all day session on Friday at the school for the blind, which was several miles outside the city. So automobiles were engaged for the purpose, and we were all taken out to the place Friday morn- ing by auto, somewhat different from our ordinary mode of travel here, which is either by donkey or sedan chair.. Of course, auto trips are somewhat commonplace to you folks, but it was quite a treat for those of us here in the interior of China. It was my first experience of the kind since leaving America. Could scarcely realize that I was in China at times, for some parts of Shanghai are so thoroughly foreignized. We had splendid ses- sions at the conference that day, the most important discussion being on the Hospital as a Missionary Agency. After close of the con- ference session we were escorted by Mr. Fryer (who is in charge of the school) through the blind school. We saw them at their industrial work, at their athletics, anl in the school room. It is simply wonder- ful the things they are able to do in their condition. They also furnished music for us, both instrumental and vocal, and displayed a g'reat deal of ability. In the evening we all went by richsha out to St. John's Uni- versity, where we had been invited to various homes on the compound to take supper. After supper had a session in one of the university buildings on Red Cross Work, and had lectures by a couple of the doctors. "Saturday the morning and af- ternoon sessions were held in the C. I. M. Hall. In the evening at- tended the C. I. M. Prayer Meeting. Was glad for the privilege of being there to know more about their work and workers. They continual- ly have missionaries coming and go- ing on furlough, and at the prayer meetings these various workers as they stop at the mission home give accounts of their work and state the needs for prayer in connection with their station. The C. I. M. work, you probably know, is far more ex- tensive than that of any other mis- sion in China, and their policy of doing mission work, I cannot help 14 OUR COLLEGE TIMES but admire them very much on the whole, for they are in general a very spiritual, self-sacrificing class of missionaries, and are doing a splendid work for China. Their ef- forts are more directly evangelistic than most other missions, putting less stress upon educational and medical work. While they would most likely be able to accomplish larger results by establishing more schools and hospitals, yet there is considerable tendency on the part of many in other missions to over- emphasize these phases of the work to the neglect of that for which they have primarily come to China. One needs to be constantly on the guard that first things may be con- stantly kept first." "On Monday there were morn- ing, afternoon and evening sessions of the conference held, and after close of the evening session tea was served. Tuesday morning the busi- ness session was held, which con- cluded the conference. We had a very inspiring, helpful conference with over fifty nurses in attendance from China's most northern to most southern provinces. One thing for which I was especially glad was the strong spiritual atmosphere which pervaded the meeting throughout. The time while at Shanghai was very fully taken up, for I had plan- ned to do some shopping, and the only time available for it was be- tween sessions, which wasn't very much, and then in the morning be- fore opening or in the evening when the foreign stores were closed. Wednesday morning most of left for home. On Tuesday evening five of us were invited out to the K'ung home for supper. Mrs. K'ung is president of the academy at T'aiku, where Miss Atzel is located, and I had met Mrs. K'ung there a little more than a year ago when I was there on a visit. They are very wealthy people and Chinese of con- siderable note. They live several miles outside the city, and Mrs. K'ung sent the chauffeur around to the C. I. M. Home with the auto to fetch us. They served a most elegant Chinese supper, and how Vv-e enjoyed it! Mrs. K'ung has a sister who is married to Sun Yat Sen, who was the first president of China, anl her ancestry were also people of some note, her great- grandfather having served as em- peror of China, though only for a very short time. And Mr. K'ung, her husband, is a direct descendant of Confucius, and is a man of much distinction and influence. Am glad to say he is a Christian," "On Wednesday morning Miss Atzel, Miss Dinkelacker and I started from Shanghai on our way homeward. Miss Dinkelacker's home is in Chananfu, and while she herself had planned to stop off else- where along the way. she arranged with her sister to entertain us, for they live together, having come to China at the same time. And she entertained us most royally. They are both lovely girls, and we en- joyed so much ■ our visit in their home, seeing the hospital work there, etc. The next morning Miss Atzel and I were off again on the train and met Edna and Myrtle af- ter we got on. We all stopped off at Techou together and had a lovely OUR COLLEGE TIMES 15 visit with Dr. Tuckers' there. Dr. Tuckers have just come back from furlough recently. They met quite a few of our friends while home in America, having visited at Bethany Bible School while at home, and I think they have given lectures there. Saturday evening we reach- ed Peking. Stayed with our folks who are in Peking in language school. Mrs. Li, having heard of my arrival, came around to call on Sunday afternoon. Was delighted to see her. She is a woman whom I have learned to love dearly while in language school in Peking. She is the wife of Pastor Li, who had charge of the church at the Ameri- can Board Mission in Peking. Net- tie Senger happened to be in Pek- ing too at the time, so she invited us both to her house for dinner the following day, and we had a most delightful little visit with them in their home. Left Peking Tuesday morning and reached home again Wedneslay afternoon. Seemed nice to get back again." —J. G. M. Private Meeting April 3, 1920 After a short business session, the following members were electel to the various offices: Pres., Mr. Baum ; V. Pres., L. Anna Schwenk; Sec, Minerva Reber; Critic, E. G. Meyer. Public Session April 10 The President's inaugural ad- dress on "What Is Expected of Us?" was inspiring, instructive and interesting. After the appoint- ment of committees six people were admitted as members of the so- ciety. The following program was then rendered : Vocal Solo : "The Blind Plowman" by Kathryn Stauf- fer. This was followed by an in- teresting monologue," What She Lost" by Nettie Wagner. This was followed by a very good recitation, "The Legend of the Organbuilder" by Sallie Fenninger. A very inter- esting feature, an impromptu quar- tette by Emma Ziegler, Anna Gib- ble, Lester Royer and Amnion Ziegler was then rendered. The original dialogue by Sara Royer and 16 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Elward Ziegler was a delightful im- personation of every day life. Min- erva Reber reviewed very well for us. "The Hoosier School Master." A piano solo, "The Birds' Fare- well," was very well given by Myrle Zug. Because of the cantata given in Market Hall, April 17, in a private session of the Society, it was de- cided that the next program would be given April 24. The Annual Keystone Oratorical Contest was held April 23, in the College Chapel. The piano duet by Kathryn Stauffer and Edith Wit- mer was very much enjoyed. The chairman, Prof. L S. Hoffer, made some remarks on the benefit of an oratorical contest. After this, the following orations were given in a very able manner: "The Master- ful Art," Ralph R. Frey; "Nature's Challenge to the Youth," Robert Mohr; "America's Responsibility to the World," Daniel Myers; "Now," Stanley Ober; "The Moral Stand- arls of America," Horace Raffens- berger; "Our Negro Problem," Jesse Reber. While the judges, Prof. J. S. Harley, Prof. H. E. Geh- man and Prof. A. P. Wenger, were deciding as to the awarding of the prizes, the Ladies' chorus rendered, "The Little Grey Home in the West." The audience being well pleased, the chairman took the opportunity to allow each one to show his ap- preciation by means of an offering. After this, the quartette rendered a selection and, upon being applauded each time, returned four times. The judges awarded the first prize to Horace E, Raffensberger, the second prize to Jesse Reber, and the third prize, honorable mention, to Robert Mohr. Spring Program April 24 In the absence of the president, the V. Pres., L. Anna Schwenk, had charge. The first number was a vo- cal solo : "The big brown Bear" by Mildred Gish. The recitation fol- lowing, Riley's "Baer Story — That Alexist made up his own self;" was interestingly given by Laura G. Hershey. The paper on "Flowers and Birds" by Mr. Oliver Zendt gave us new interest in both. Music, "Mill May" by the society. The de- bate. Resolved that birds are a greater source of usefulness to mankind than flowers. Affirmative, Abel Long, Raymond Wenger; Negative, Ruth Grubb, Clayton Re- ber. Public Educational Program May 1, 1920 The entire program was by the Pedagogical Seniors: Music, "America," by Society; Discus- sions: 'Aims in Teaching Language and Formal Grammar in the Public Schools," Miss Ada G. Young; "Oral and Silent Reading," Miss Ethel Wenger; "Importance of the Formation of Early Language Ha- bits," Miss Ruth G. Taylor; Music "The Family Doctor," mixed quar- tette ; Debate, Resolved, that after the school-year of 1922-1923 only those who have completed a four year Normal Course, or its equiva- OUR COLLEGE TIMES 17 lent, should be licensed to teach in er as an Artist," Mr. Henry Wen- the Public Schools of Pennsyl- ger; Critic's Remarks; Judges, Pro- vania." Affirmative, Miss Mildred fessor, I. J. Kreider, Denver, Pa.; Baer, Mr. L. N. Myer, Negative : Professor Garfield Shearer, Eliza- Miss M. Ada Douty, Mr. David bethtown. Pa. ; Professor Virgil C. Markey; Music, "Class Song," Holsinger, Bird-in-Hand, Pa. Senior Class; Oration. "The Teach- — A. G. Y. School Notes Books! tennis! basket ball! Are you a booster or knocker! We have enjoyed a few days of tennis. But the frequent rains have been unwelcome to the many fol- lowers of that sport. The trees are putting on their spring dresses. The campus is very lovely these days as the miracle of spring is unfolding before our eyes. Several of the teachers and stu- dents attended the District Meeting held recently at Pine Grove. The meeting was full of interest and well attended. Be sure to be on the look-out for the Senior number of "Our College Times." The Seniors are working hard to make it second to none, and we know you will welcome it as something worth while. Prof. Hoffer — "Don't wipe your mouth on that napkin." D a n M y e r s — ( W ho has shaved for a week) "W'hy?" Prof. Hoffer — "You'll wear hole in it." not We hope that many of the alumni and former students are planning to be with us this year for commencement. The largest class in the history of the school will be graduated, and all loyal friends of the school are urged to be present. Remember the date, June 3, at 9:00 A. M. College Hill is a busy place these days. The work on the new build- ings is progressing as rapidly as weather conditions allow. The boys have each pledged themselves to work ten hours without pay on these buildings. This is indicative of the splendid spirit which exists among our boys. The work of the spring normal is in full progress. The number of teachers taking this work is quite encouraging. Conditions in dining room, hall and library are crowded 18 OUR COLLEGE TIMES to the limit, but every one is cheer- ful about it. This shows how our school is growing and how urgently the new buildings are needed. The sacred cantata, "Esther," was given by the chorus class under the direction of Mrs. Via, in Mar- ket House Hall, on April 17. The beautiful story was well portrayed in song. The soloists were ably sup- ported by the choruses. It was one of the most successful musical num- bers ever given under the auspices of the school. What would school be — If Prof. Ober could not run? If Miss Brubaker would lose her sense of humor? If Prof. Hoffer could not grin? Without an assistant in the art department? If some of the reception rooms would be discontinued? With a light-switch on Memorial Hall? If Mr. E. Meyer could not sing? Following the announcement by the president that social hour would be strictly observed without any- in- fringement upon the students valu- able time, the S's looked very glum and protested vehemently. A few days afterward this an- nouncement was noted on the bul- letin board. Will the student who has "The Unknown Quantity" from the library please return it im- mediately? Just what was the "The Unknown Quantity?" Chapel Notes Prof. Meyer gave a talk on "Economy and Industry." He em- phasized the economy in time. His appeal that young people should conserve this, there most precious time in their youth was strong and forcible . Take a tip. Follow Prof. Meyer's example. Minor C. Miller while enroute to Boston University from Virginia made a stopover here at school. He conductel the Chapel Exercises, af- ter which he spoke in the interests of the Vacation Bible Schools. He gave appalling statistics showing that American children are de- ficient because of a lack of religious education. An avenue to bring this religious education is thru the Va- cation Bible School. Prof. Nye gave a chapel talk on "Dependableness" His subject and talk was a very appropriate one in these days of recklessness and un- reliability. A new face is noted in Professor's row. The new Professor is Prof. J. I. Baugher, who teaches the Nor- mal work. Did you know that Prof. Ober is chairman of the General Sunday School Board and also chairman of the Joint Board Committee work- ing in the interests of the Forward Movement. His executive ability and keen foresight has played a large part in his achievements. Prof. Nye was elected District Sunday School Secretary at the re- cent District Conference. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 19 Athletics Rain ! rain ! rain. The tennis courts are in excellent condition since the backstops were put up and the courts graded. In- terest in tennis is manifested in the number of people that have joined the association. Strike one — strike two — strike three — you're out. The base ball season opened on April 2 with a game between the two first teams. Two scrub teams were organized also. Wet grounds and cool weather have somewhat hindered the prog- ress of the teams although, with favorable conditions, the teams ex- pect to get under way. Know the success family? The father of success is work ; The mother of success is am- bition; The oldest son is common sense ; Some of the other boys are per- severance, honesty, thoroughness, foresight, enthusiasm and co-opera- tion. The oldest daughter is character; Some of her sisters are cheerful- ness, loyalty, courtesy, care, economy, sincerity and harmony. The baby is opportunity. Get well acquainted with the "old man" and you will be able to get along pretty well with all the rest of the family. One of the Boys — "Parle, 1st class, past ind., 1st person, singular. But that is wrong. Miss Arbegast — But this paper has future ind., and it is translated, "I talked." That is wronger yet. "Going in with your mind set on winning is the first essential to mak- ing a success in any work you may undertake. Half hearted effort will not take you very far in any line of endeavor. If you think enough of a job to accept it — think enough of your- self to do your work the best you can and you will come out on top in the final count. Intelligent effort and close atten- tion to business will win out in this or any other line, and the success of the best men in every organiza- tion is the final proof that leaves no room for argument." — R. W. — E. V. A. A Man French Teacher- verb number 8. -Tell about In one of his political campaigns the late Gov. John Johnson, of Min- nesota, was taunted by an opponent with having "worked at chopping wood, carrying swill to cattle and cleaning dirty rollers in a country printshop in order to earn a living." Part of the governor's reply was: "I confess that, as a boy and a young man, I did all these things of which I am accused. Work of any honest nature has been to me the joy of my life. I have never felt for the ultimate success of my useful- 20 OUR COLLEGE TIMES ness and character that I could af- ford to be an idler. I see the result of idleness in every prison in ev- ery state of this Union. It is v^rit- ten in the misery of the faces be- hind the bars. I never wished to go to prison, I never wished to be a loafer. "I chopped wood. So did Wash- ington, so did Lincoln. I carried food to cattle. So did Grant and Sherman, and a thousand others. I did the chore work of a printing of- fice to help support my mother. Thousands of honest men have done that. I am proud that I did these things. If it is against me that I did them, I prefer to be defeated at the polls on the platform of honest work. "Honest work keeps worry from the mind and conscience. Honest work brings sweet sleep to your pil- low at night. Honest work stands you erect before your God and your fellow-man. "Honest work may, and does, soil tre hands, the clothes and the boots. Honest work brings callouses here and bumps there. Honest work, at times, tries every nerve and keeps the blood afire with endeavor, "But, gentlemen, honest work never calloused, soiled or broke any human heart." — Boy's World. paper was being made one day at a mill in Berkshire, England, when a careless woman forgot to put in the sizing material. The whole of the paper made was regarled as useless. The proprietor of the mill desired to write a note shortly af- terward and he took a piece of this waste paper, thinking it was good enough for the purpose. To his in- tense annoyance the ink spread all over the paper. Suddenly there came the thought that this paper would do instead of sand for, drying ink, and he at once advertised his waste paper as "blotting." There was such a big demand that the mill ceased to make or- dinary paper and was soon oc- cupied in making blotting paper only, the use of which soon spread to allcountries — Selected. To live in the presence of great truths and eternal laws — that is what keeps a man patient when the world ignores him and calm and unspoiled when the world praises him. — Blazac. Chiseled on the monument of Miss Mary Lyons, who founded the School for Girls at Mount Holyoke, there is this inscription : An Accidental Discovery Blotting paper was discovered purely by accident. Some ordinary "There is nothing in the universe that I fear except that I may not know my duty, or knowing my duty I may not do it." VOL. XVI 1 n ^ ^'^ "^^ NUMBER 9 Senior IFlumber College ^iviies 1920 Our College Times is published monthly during the Academic year by Elizabeth- town College. This paper will have to be discontinued as soon as the time of subscription expires as an action of the United States legislature. Please renew in time and report any change of address to the business manager. Subscription rates one dollar per year; fifteen cents per copy; six subscriptions $5.00. Entered as second-class matter April 19, 1909, at the Elizabethtown Postoffice. TO MISS ELIZABETH E. MYER Our beloved and worthy teacher, we, the class of 1920 respectfully dedicate the Senior number of Our College Times as a token of ap- preciation. MISS ELIZABETH E. MYER OUR COLLEGE TIMES Elizabeth E. Myer Miss Elizabeth E. Myer, to whom we respectfully dedicate our Senior number of Our College Times, was born during the thrilling times of the Civil War. She was the daughter of the Rev. Samuel and Amanda Evans Myer, Bareville, Pennsylvania. She received her early education in the Bareville public schools. She worked in a store-clerking and keeping books — for three years. Tired of this she decided to prepare for teaching. She followed this most wise decision and went to Millersville State Normal School. She graduated from this school in 1887. She has taught ever since, missing only fractions of years — these were missed because of illness. Soon after her graduation she was elected to the assistant principal- ship of the Manheim High School, but on account of long continued sickness was not able to open the term and another teacher had to be employed. Her excellent service as teacher in the public schools was rendered in Upper Leacock, Leacock, Earl, East Hempfield, and Warwick townships. When Elizabethtown College was founded, she was asked to serve as teacher and also preceptress. From the very first she has been sincere in her work. Before starting her actual duties, she wondered and planned how she could do the most good for the girls who would be placed in her care. She came to the school in 1900 to be a member of its first faculty. This school had its beginning in the Abele Build- ing on Market Street. Miss Myer was rather disappointed when she came finding that there were no lady students. It was not long how- ver until a goodly number came and Miss Myer could and did put into practice the plans she had made. True, to the untrained minds of some of us, she seemed too watchful, too strict. But now we appreciate her untiring efforts to replace ignorance with intelligence, to tame the wild and too venturous and to replace rudeness with refinement and culture. OUR COLLEGE TIMES Miss Myer has been a member of the faculty ever since its beginning and is a vital part of the institution. She continued as preceptress liv- ing and boarding in the dormitory up until 1918 when, after a nervous breakdown, she was granted permission to live with a private family, so as to be relieved of the cares of public life. This change was an act of discretion for it has restored her to the vitality of former years. The subjects she teaches are Reading, Grammar and Orthography. Many students who have been in her classes remember well her force- ful manner of impressing the point under consideration with such ex- pressions as the following : "BE in any of its forms never takes an ob- ject — Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Sat- urday, all the year round — NEVER." Her work is markedly thorough, credits given by Miss Myer have long been recognized by the M.S. N. S. She was editor-in-chief of "Our College Times" for five years. Dur- ing this time and afterward she was the life of it. It is her custom to spend her summer vacation at home — formerly with her parents, now with her youngest sister in whose hands the Myer home now is. Miss Myer has been a living example for us in numerous ways; her virtues are many. Those who know her best, know them. She is often paid tributes of honor by former students, patrons, teachers and others. Our former principal in urging us to return early from vacation, im- pressed us with the statement that Miss Myer had been here ready to begin work promptly at the opening of every term for sixteen years — forty-eight terms. Her industry, we often saw her light tell far into the night, as she spent her very life for us; her compassion for the suffering, the dis- couraged and the penitent, often she worked most of the night to relieve us when we were ill, and she was ready to use even her leisure mo- ments to help us out of difficulty or to give kindly advice; the straight- forwardness with which she expresses her convictions, even if others think differently ; her firm stand on convictions of what she believes to be right, and good and true; her appreciation of pure wit and humor; her willingness to recognize and apologize for her own mistakes (true greatness) ; these are some of the traits of character which we find in her whom we know as Miss Myer. We hope that many more boys and girls will be so fortunate as to come under her instruction. Her influence lives on, and on, and on. OUR COLLEGE TIMES y;. ^ OUR COLLEGE TIMES Editorial Board Editor-in-Chief Mildred Baer Associate Editors Ella Boaz Mark Basehore David Markey Alta Heisey Ruth Taylor Martha Young Art Editors Ada Young Clarence Sollenberger Business Manager John H, Herr Class Prophets Sarah Royer John Herr Class Historians Ethel Wenger Clarence Sollenberger Class Poet Clarence Sollenberger Faculty Advisor L S. Hoffer OUR COLLEGE TIMES "Junior Faculty" OUR COLLEGE TIMES -T' J^B^CXX^ CBS 10 OUR COLLEGE TIMES OUR COLLEGE TIMES 11 Our Teachers All that we are and ever hope to be, we owe the largest part to our parents; the next largest part we owe to our teachers. In the lives of all of us their influence means more than curriculum, or text-book; more than memorizing and reciting — we cannot attempt to measure what it means. Our faculty represents training received in such institutions as Franklin and Marshall College, the University of Pennsylvania, Colum- bia University, Harvard University and other schools of high standing. Most of them were formerly students here, and returned to their Alma Mater to help carry on the work which has been so nobly begun. Our teachers strive to train our bodies and our intellects; to increase our power and skill; to develop our moral natures; to draw our souls closer and closer to our creators. They hold before us high ideals and urge us on to the higher life. They try to make of us good citizens for this world and for the next. In a word, their aim is to develop strong Christian characters; to help us get a well rounded education. The class of 1920 will leave with pleasant memories of our kind and sincere faculty. 12 OUR COLLEGE TIMES OUR COLLEGE TIMES 13 EVA VIOLET ARBEGAST Mechanicsburg, .Pa. "Arby" Keystone Literary Society. "Arby" completed the English Scientific Course in the Spring of 1917. After hav- ing taught two yeais, she decided to come back to College Hill and complete the Pedagogical course this year. She is a leader among the girls, and we are very proud of her. She won first prize in the Senior Oratorical Contest. He. interests are centered in writing ora- tions and giving them. "A dearth of words," "Arby" need never fear. She takes great delight in basket ball and tennis. Few basket ball games were successfully played without her cheering. She is never knov/n to reiiiain quiet for a very long time. Known for — "Pep." Avocation — "Basket ball." Biggest needs — "Eats." Social — "Watchful waiting." K. MILDRED BAER Waynesboro, Pa. "Little Baer" Keystone Literary Society. Although she's a Baer she is perfectly harmless. To convey the r'ght impression Tier name ought to be La: ib. You never see her cross or impatient. She always has time to help those who are in need. She was graduated from the Washington Township High School in 1917, and now is completing the Pedagogical Course. Mildred is always her teachers' standby. She listens to everything and believes al- most nothing. She expects to teach next year; that is all we know except that she says she has a nice fellow somewhere. Favorite Pastime — Keeping chickens be- cause she is fond of a "hennery." Strong Point — Self Control. 14 OUR COLLEGE TIMES ELVIN WALTER BAKER Elizabethtown, Pa. "Measley" Basket Ball. Behold! You have before you the like- ness of Elvin Walter Baker. He got tired of living the life of a business official in Hershey and came to college. "Measley" is a walking information bureau on all subjects. He is alvi^ays ready for an argument and his familiar "I know, but " will linger long in our memory. He has a statement to make on any sub- ject under discussion. But while this per- sistent "butting in" is rather disconcerting at times we hope he continues to be in- terested in public affairs. Much can be said about "Measley's" good nature. He is one of the all around good fellows of the class. Favorite study — Commercial Law. J. MARK W. BASEHORE Elizabethtown, Pa. Keystone Literary Society. John Mark Withers Basehore of our class, is the Christopher Columbus George Washington Marquis De Lafayette Risdale, that we read about in the Hoosier School Boy. He is very small in size but Oh! that name. He is very fond of fruit and we learn that his favorite one is an olive. The old saying goes that "seven olives must be eaten before we learn to like them." Mark ate the seven. He doesn't move so fast but we know that some day with persistent effort he will reach his goal. "Mark" as you know is a Bible name and we believe he will be a prominent author of interesting Bible stories. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 15 DANIEL SULLIVAN BAUM Lineboro, Maryland "D. S.," "Dannie." Keystone Literary Society; Secretary of Y. M. W. A. This young man came to College Hill in the fall of 1916 and remained here ever since. Daniel is an all-around chap. Last winter when our fireman was ill, he soon proved to all his ability as an engin- eer. As an athlete "D. S." is hard to beat. He shows inclinations along the line of chemistry. One weakness we must say he has, and that is he must have excuse cards signed to go home about every three weeks. He is known for his good humor, and splendid tennis playing. ^iggest Need — "More Time for Latin." Good Hand — "At the Table." Social — "Promiscuous." ELLA CASSEL BOAZ Vernfield, Pa. "Bo-az" Keystone Literary Society; Volunteer Band. This frizzy-haired sweet little disposition hails from Montgomery County. She first came to our hill in the Fall of 1914. She has taught three years among the little Dutch folk and was very successful. She came back to school last Fall and is now finishing the English Scientific Course. Only three years on the hill, and now she has her "A.B." fortunate isn't she? Ella is finishing the Sewing Course also. She believes in "preparedness." Favorite pastime — Room B., conversa- tions. Favorite expression — "Look here, girls." Favorite song — Maryland, My Mary- land. Greatest need — Professor of Chemistry. 16 OUR COLLEGE TIMES MYRA ALICE BOHN Waynesboro, Pa. Keystone Literaiy Society; Volunteer Band. This school teacher comes from Frank- lin County. She taught in a graded school for two years. She has also shown good ability in office work in the Landis Machine Works, Waynesboro. We were pleasantly surprised when at the opening of this term, she came to join our class. Myra was a student here before, and therefore easily fell in line with school work. She is much interested in missonary activity, and sometime will likely be mothering the little folks of India and China. Favorite expression — -"Ach, pshaw." M. ADA DOUTY Loganton, Pa. "Diddy" Keystone Literary Society; Volunteer Band. Sugar Valley, Clinton Co., also sent a contribution to the class of 1920. This was a valuable contribution. Don't mis- understand us and think we needed a pro- duct from Sugar Valley to make our class spirit sweet. It was Ada we needed and she would be just as valuable if she came from Vinegar Valley. Ada first came here in 1912. She taught five years in her native county and now is finishing the Pedagogical Course. Ada is hoping to spend her future in doing mission work. We know she will be successful, for what- ever she starts, goes. Favorite Expression — "Oh, Pat." Favorite Song — "A mother was chasing her boy 'round the room." OUR COLLEGE TIMES 17 GENEVIEVE F. DROHN Elizabethtown, Pa. "Vieve" "Gen" This black-haired young lady is as modest as she appears. "Vieve" is always very industrious and has won the regard of all her teachers, but on the other hand she is never too busy to resist any sort of a good time. Evidently her motto is "Work while you work and play while you play." If we could look into the future we could undoubtedly see her holding some responsible position in a large office. Favorite pastime — "Running around." Matrimonial prospects — Improving. Genevieve we wish you the best of suc- cess in your vocation. CLARENCE MILLER EBERSOLE Elizabethtown, Pa. "Cap" Ex. School teacher; Keystone Literary Society; Base Ball. Mr. Ebersole made his fiist appearance on College Hill in 1914 and finished the English Scientific Course the Spring of 1917. He spent two years teaching in the little red school house, in which work he was very successful. Clarence is a hard worker, no problem is too difficult for him. He is everybody's friend, but is rather reserved and quiet except when at- tending a base ball game. "Cap" is hard to beat in base ball and basket ball but is afraid to play tennis for fear one of the girls might ask him to play with her. Keep on the watch, Clarence will be president of one of our large universities ten years hence. Favorite expression — "Ah me !" Favorite pastime — Playing base ball. Matrimonial prospects — Not developed. 18 OUR COLLEGE TIMES RALPH REIDER FREY Elizabethtown, Pa. "Frey" This studious young man came to Eliza- bethtown College in the winter term of 1919 and has completed the bookkeeping course. He is a graduate from Eliz- abethtown High School, '19. We are proud to have Ralph as a member of our class. Ralph is always full of jokes. He makes things brighten up when he is at hand. Just ask Ralph to help you if you strike a snag. He is always on the job. Favorite pastime — Driving a Ford. Favorite expression— "Oh, Well." Matrimonial prospects — Very good if nobody spoils it. JOHN VERNON GOOD Elizabethtown, Pa. "Goody" "Goody" is one of our prominent day students. After attending public school in Elizabethtown he decided to go to Eliza- bethtown College and he has successfully completed the Commercial Course. Ver- non has the ability to play the piano and is often called upon to prove his ability which is his delight. He is a jolly fellow and full of fun. Favorite expression — "Huh." Favorite pastime — Chewing gum. Matrimonial prospects — Getting better. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 19 ALTA WITMER HEISEY Elizabethtown, Pa. "Heisey" Alta is Ihe charming lady of the class and ?he is as jolly as she is charming. Her one weak point is riding in a Chandler. Alta has very successfully completed the stenographic course. We predict for her a very succeessful career in the busi- ness world. We will hear from her in the future. Favorite pastime — Automobiling. Favorite song — "Oh! how I hate to get up in the morning." Favorite expression — "Good night." Matrimonial prospects — Rather good. JOHN HAROLD HERR Salunga, Pa. "Johnny" This bright young man hails from the (city) of Salunga. He is very proud of his home town but why shouldn't he be? He came to us as one of Salunga's star base ball players. John has successfully completed the Advanced Commercial Course. "Johnny" is like most Johnnies are, he is always ready to answer a question when the teacher calls on him whether he knows it or not. John is a good cure for the blues. He can make you laugh, even in class when you don't want to. Favorite Expression — "Look out!" Favorite pastime — Spending his even- ings in the typewriting room. Matrimonial prospects^ — Hard to tell. 20 OUR COLLEGE TIMES EPHRAIM M. HERTZLER Elizabethtown, Pa. "Eph" "Hertz" Volunteer Band; Keystone Literay So- ciety; Sunday School Superintendent. This ambitious young Lebanon County lad is loved and respected by all. He is a moulder by trade, but thinks that mould- ing lives is a worthier calling than mould- ing iron or brass. "Eph" started the Eng- lish Scientific Course in 1912 and com- pleted it in 1916. After teaching a year he returned again but was soon called to Camp Lee, Va., from which place he re- ceived his discharge at an early date. He then took unto himself as a wife Rhoda Miller, '15. This fall they moved to town so that "Hertz" could finish the Peda- gogical course. "Eph" is the proud father of Leah Hertzler. He is the Superin- tendent of the Newville Sunday School, and is a very active church worker. The class is expecting him to have a bright future. HULDA HOLSINGER Ridgley, Md. "Huldie" Keystone Literary Society. This dignified, studious, and energetic young lady "Hulda Holsinger" hails from Maryland. She sets a good example for her fellow students and class-mates, for she is al- ways as busy as a "bee," and wants to know at the end of the day that some- thing has been accomplished. Her favorite pastime is playing "tennis?" she is a natural born sports lady as she is fond of all out of door sports. We may someday have the pleasure of reading in one of the leading newspapers of the world, that Miss Hulda is champion tennis player of international games. Success to you Hulda. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 21 ESTHER KREPS Pottstown, Pa. Keystone Literary Society; Volunteer Band; Chorus Class. This lass from Chester County, com- pleted the work offeied by the East Coventry Township High School in 1916. She is now finishing- the English Scientific Course, here. She is very energetic. Al- though she io rather quiet, she is a good student. Esther has set a high goal, and we hope she will reach it in good time. She hopes next year to enter Bellevue Hospital, New Yoik City, to take training in that so noble profession of nursing. We hope her work there will be very successful and at the same time very pleasant. We trust that, as she wishes, she may sometime do much good for the sick people of heathen lands. Matrimonial prospects — Not known here. Favorite expression — "Good-night." LYDIA MYERS LANDIS Coopersburg, Pa. "Lydia" "Hey, Landis" Keystone Literary Society. Lydia is one of those girls who more frequently can be seen than heard and yet if you would be around on the halls some evening when the preceptress is not about you would change your mind, I fear. Miss Landis is always jolly. She may be taken as the exponent of optimism. Whoever gets the "blues" when she is around is surely a critical case. She will make her mark some day, and will never be sorry she graduated in the Stenographic Course. Best known for "Giggling." Most Proficient— "Hard Work." Favorite County — "Montgomery" ? ? Future — "Not Out Yet." 22 OUR COLLEGE TIMES EMMERT REIDER McDANNEL EltzabethtoMrn, Pa. "Donner" Emmert is one of our faithful com- mercial students. He has completed the Advanced Commercial Course. Emmert was somewhat bashful when he first came here but he has forgotten much of his bashfulness. Emmert is not easily excited and the only way to get him excited is to give him a paper to correct, that has many errors on it, and he will start making (x's)' all over it. At least that is the only way we could get him excited. Favorite expression^ — "Ach." Favoiite pastime- in bookkeeping. -Talking to Paul Zug DAVID HUNSICKER MARKEY Myerstown, Pa. "Markey" "Lucky Davie" Keystone Literary Society; Volunteer Band; Book-room man; General Repair man. Could we do without him? No, indeed; too many broken window panes, locks, radiators, etc. We feel sure that he is being well-prepared for the duties which have evolved upon him in taking unto himself a wife, namely Alice, who is a friend to most of us. Together they graduated in 1917, he in the Science Course, she in the Bible Course. Apart of Winter term and most of Spring term have been very lonely for David as "She" has left the Hill. We will very likely hear of him in the future as a missionary doctor in a heathen country. He has already had valuable experience in caring for the sick. Pastime — Reading references for Philosophy of Education. Favorite expression — "Ach now." OUR COLLEGE TIMES 23 LESTER N. MYER Bareville, Pa. "Les" Keystone Liteiary Society. Would you believe that this gentleman takes an interest in china painting? Well, he does, and if you lived on College Hill you would know why. "Les" spends much of his time in the art room. It is not the art as much as the artist that attracts him. He was graduated from the West Earl High School in 1915 and finished the Col- lege Preparatory Course here in 1916. This year he is completing the Pedagogical Course. For two years he was Assistant Principal of the West Earl High School, Some day we hope to see him as Supervisor of Schools. In his aim to do this we feel sure his interest in art will not wane. Favorite Pastime — Painting China. Matrimonial Prospects — "Sold." EDWIN HENRY RINEHART Waynesboro, Pa. "Eddie" Keystone Literary Society. "Eddie" hails from good old Waynes- boro. Since the schools of Waynesboro could not satisfy his ceaseless craving for knowledge he came to College Hill during the Winter term of 1918. He is a great fellow to go on hikes through the sur- rounding country. Nothing pleases him more than to play a joke on some one, or to ask a string of questions. His greatest interests are centered in mathematics and he is expecting to become a mechanical engineer. "Eddie" is more interested in girls than in athletics. This interest shows itself through his frequent visits to Wash- ington Street. Favorite pastime — Going up Washing- ton Street. Favorite expression — "Well, Listen." Matrimonial prospects — -Seemirgly ex- cellent. 24 OUR COLLEGE TIMES SARAH H. ROYER Reamstown, Pa. "Sallie" Keystone Literary Society; Volunteer Band; Girls' Glee Club. This brown-eyed damsel hails from Reamstown where she was graduated from the High School in 1918. This year she is finishing the Pedagogical Course. Sarah simply loves Philosophy and Geometry (?) She could not be with us all year because of an attack of ap- pendicitis. Sarah considers herself ex- tremely fortunate in having a married brother living near the College, where she can take her meals, for she says College "eats" are not her style. Sarah hopes to spend her future in Mission work. Favorite Expression — "Gosh." Matrimonial Prospects — "You can't al- wavs sometimes tell." PAUL A. SCHWENK Elizabethtown, Pa, "Schwenkie" Keystone Literary Society; Volunteer Band. This young man was born in Clinton Co. He attended the public school near his home and was graduated from the Loganton High School in 1915. He en- tered Elizabethtown College in the fall of 1915 and this year is finishing the English Scientific Course. He taught one year in his native county. Two years ago Paul found it hard to study. His interests were not in school work that year. But now since he is able to go home every evening and find Ada and John Austin waiting for him, he is perfectly happy. We believe that some day Paul will be one of the best farmers of Lancaster County. Favorite expression — "I guess." Favorite pastime — Playing with John Austin. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 25 CLARENCE BENJ. SOLLENBERGER Carlisle, Pa. Treasure!' of the class; Volunteer Band; Keystone Literary Society; Basket Ball. After finishing a four year High School course at Carlisle, "Solly" came to College Hill in the Fall of 1917. At the end of that school year he returned to his father's farm and applied some of his knowledge there. This Fall Clarence returned to finish the Pedagogical Course. "Solly" won many friends, especially among the op- posite sex. He is always ready to lend a helping hand. He is especially fond of carrying suit cases to the Hershey trolley, when accompanied by one of the ladies. He has proved himself quite an orator in the recent Senior Oratorical Contest, where he won second prize. His future is rather uncertain as yet, but we bid him God speed in all he shall undertake. Favorite pastime — Meeting a committee of two. LETHA GRACE SPANGLER York, Pa. "Le," "Spangler" Keystone Literary Society. Letha hails from the prominent city of York. She came into our midst last Spring and has been here ever since. Letha is one of our active students, things have to go some when she is around. A distinguishing feature is her smile. On the hall she can be heard singing, "Smile the while, for while you smile, an- other smiles," perhaps that other one is "Johnnie," one can never tell. It seems to be contagious to say the least. Letha is a hard worker and is com- pleting the Stenographic Course in the 1920 class. We predict a successful fu- ture for her, as stenographer. Favorite Dish — "Jonnie Cakes." Favorite Expression — "Go on," "Ach, now!" Future Prospects — "Rather encour- aging." 26 OUR COLLEGE TIMES RUTH GROFF TAYLOR Ephrata, Pa. "Boots" Keystone Literary Society; "Kitchen Faculty." Ruth is one of our successful teachers. While in the work of teaching she had some difficult cases of discipline, but she came out victorious. One of her pupils, on being asked a question, replied, "I know but I don't want to say; I told you so often already." We don't know just what followed. From her history, one might expect her to be an ornithologist: Miss Taylor was born in the country next to a blacksmith's shop near Hinkletown, not far from Hahnstown. She taught school at Martin- dale. Ruth has lately been attending a good many wedding festivities. We are glad she is learning, about such proceed- ings as cooking, sewing, etc. Anything pertaining to meals is of interest to Ruth, but we have noticed she is especially in- terested in "Frying." NETTIE L. WAGNER York, Pa. "Net" Keystone Literary Society. Here's to the little girl of our class whose motto is "I can't worry." "Net" is very small in stature, but she makes up for it with her superfluous energy. She is always surprising someone with her numerous jo":es and tricks. Her mind is like a machine, invented for the purpose of playirg jokes on her associates. Imagine this busy "little girl" of our class in a larga office in York. But we would advise the manager of the office to keep other "good stenographers" in view as her matrimonial prospects are good and her stay might prove lather short. We surely will miss her but we'll send her off with best wishes for her future success. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 27 ETHEL ROGER WENGER Rexmont, Pa. "Wenger" Keystone Literary Society. Ethel was graduated from the Corn- wall High School in 1918 and the follow- ing fall she entered Elizabethtown Col- lege. This year she is completing the Pedagogical Course. She is very proud of the fact that she is the youngest Peda- gogical Senior. Ethel is a girl who is hard to describe. She can often be heard and not seen (on the hall) and also often seen and not heard (in Philosophy class). According to Ethel's lung power when it comes to yelling she ought some day be a prima donna. After teaching a year Ethel hopes to become a nurse. We wish her success in her chosen work. Favorite expression — "I don't have any." Favorite Pastime — Meetings in Room K. HENRY WENGER Fredericksburg, Pa. "Hen" President of class; Volunteer Band; Keystone Literary Society; Basket Ball; President of Tennis Association. The class of '20 can well be proud of "Hen" the tallest boy, from Lebanon County. As an executor he is hard to beat. In church work his work has proved to be very successful. He is a lover of athletics of all kinds but always gives his lessons first place. "Hen" came here to finish the Pedagogical Course. He is ex- pecting to have charge of some hospital in China or India fifteen years hence. His pleasing personality and quiet disposition won many friends for him. There must be something miraculous in his nature be- cause even "Bears" are perfectly harm- less in his presence. Favorite expression — "Yeah!" Favorite pastime — Trapping "Bears." Matrimonial prospects — Still hope. 28 OUR COLLEGE TIMES ADA GIBBEL YOUNG East Petersburg, Pa. "Mother," "Ada Gibbel" Keystone Literary Society; Secretary of Class. We have known this girl for a long time. She finished the English Scientific Course in the Spring of 1917. Then she taught three years in the public schools of Lancaster County. She saw the value of more training and decided to come back to her Alma Mater and complete the Pedagogical Course this ' year. She has had two years at Millersville State Normal before coming to Elizabethtown. She is usually quiet, but not inactive. She is one of those girls who never make any trouble for hall-teachers. It is usually believed that she will go back to teaching next year but of course one can never tell what might be done next. Every one wonders why she has to go home every Saturday. MARTHA GIBBEL YOUNG East Petersburg, Pa. "Mar" "Mart" Keystone Literary Society. "Mar" was graduated from the Man- heim High School in 1916 with honors. The following fall she entered Elizabeth- town College. While here she decided to teach. She taught two years and cherishes fond memories of her little dutch boys and girls. Then she came back to finish the Pedagogical Course with the class of '20. Mighty lucky for the class that she did as she is one of Prof. Meyer's "faithful few" in Philosophy. She does not believe every- thing he says however for she insists on being a nurse sometime. The best wishes of the 1920 class go with her. Favorite Expression — "Nobody Home." Favorite Study — Public Speaking (?). Favorite Pastime — Playing Piano. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 29 PAUL E. ZUG Mastersonville, Pa. "Honorable Zug" "Quiet?" No, not so that you would no- tice it. "Mischievous?" "You said a mouthful." Paul is always in mischief. It almost breaks his heart when he must miss one of his classes. He was graduated from the Milton Grove High School in 1919 and is finishing the Bookkeeping Course this year. Paul is a tenor singer and says he hopes to lead the chorus when we dedicate our new buildings. Paul is a day student but he is seen out here sometimes on Sun- day afternoon between 3 and 5. Do you understand? Listen! I'll tell you. "Social Privileges." Favorite eypression — "That's a loud one." Favorite Pastime — Hunting Muskrats. RELIGIOUS DATA OF THE CLASS OF 1920 23 are members of the Brethren Church 2 are members of the Bethel Church 1 is a member of the Catholic Church 1 is a member of the Lutheran Church 1 is a member of the Mennonite Church 5 are members of no church 10 are Student Volunteers 6 are Foreign Volunteers 12 are Sunday School teachers or assistants 1 is a Sunday School Superintendent 30 OUR COLLEGE TIMES OUR COLLEGE TIMES 31 The Sewing Department This department was introduced into the school in 1910. On the average, a class of ten girls finished this course every year, but we are proud to say that the 1920 class far exceeds any other class of previous years in numbers and in amount of work done. Among the articles made, were : fancy aprons, baby dresses, waists, skii-ts, men's shirts, lingerie dresses and underwear, kimonos, children's garments and coats. Twenty-three students all told finished the course this year. Among this number are four board- ing students who completed this course, in addition to their literary work. An evening class was organized and five girls from town completed the work. The rest of the class came from Lancaster, Columbia, Lawn, Mastersonville, Bellaire, Annville, Mount Joy, Rheems and Milton Grove and the surrounding community. Tvv'o more girls are taking up the work, but did not enter the class in time to finish the course. The spirit of the class was excel- lent. Each member of the class can feel justly proud of the work that was accomplished during the year and feel better qualified to enter their life-work. The demand for sewing is growing continually and we are glad that so many girls wanted to increase their accom- plishments by taking up this work. We have a very able teacher at the head of our department, Miss Laura Hess. In order to equip the department better and to show our appreciation and good-will more fully, the sewing class of 1920, with additional help from a few former sewing students, purchased a new "Singer" Sewing Machine. We hope future sewing students will follow the example of this class. Ruskin says "clothes carefully cared for and rightly worn, show a balance of mind and self respect." 32 OUR COLLEGE TIMES History of Class of 1920 ^'0 years you have vanished like shadows, Like ghosts you have glided away, And the light that was yours has faded And darkened before the day. You have faded and fled and left us And only now and then. In the wierd wild night of memory. Your faces glimmer again." The purpose of writing this his- tory is to record for your pleasure and interest the many deeds and accomplishments of this illustrious class of 1920, since its beginning in September almost eight years ago. There have been many failures and defeats, yet they are more than counterbalanced by the many suc- cesses that have been attained. Active in every phase of school life, interested in every undertaking, steadfast in purpose, true to the school in every respect, this class has set an example of which it can feel proud. In order to better understand the things that have helped to mold our character and the steady growth of our numbers, it is necessary to go back to that early day in September 1912. It was on this day, when Ada Douty and David Markey first made their appearance on College Hill, that our Class had its origin. They were an odd looking pair and it was with much regret that this bashful young lady left her home in Sugar Valley and came here to gather some of the knowledge that was in store for her. In this she was not alone and it was only oui' little Dutchman, "Davy," who hailed from Lebanon County with his silly pranks and humor, that kept her from becoming melancholy during those first days of school. But the days lengthened into weeks and the weeks into months until at last the first year of service came to a close with triumph, Nineteen-thirteen brought forth no new members for our Class until December 31, when Ephraim Her- tzler, who had just returned from Kansas, arrived here and found himself in the midst of an ambitious crowd of knowledge seekers. The following year opened and to its great surprise the little old maid, now known as Ruth Groff Taylor, tired of the life at Neffsville Home, wandered here with great enthusiasm to quench her undying thirst for wisdom. At the same time our ranks were increased by the admission of Ella Boaz. This fair young lady attracted the at- tention of all, but especially one was overcome by her charming per- sonality and artificial curls. The next to appear in person was Clar- ence Ebersole. His jolly, yet re- served manner and studious habits immediately won for him many friends. And so this memorable year ended with many bright pros- pects for the future. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 33 The school-year of 1915 dawned brightly and with it came a brilliant young lad from Bareville who calls himself Lester Myer. He imediate- ly fell to work to satisfy his much coveted desire for a college educa- tion. This year also brought Eva Violet Arbegast, alias Arby, who came from the beautiful Cumber- land Valley. This "exceptional child" carries the honors of being the biggest talker and having the most ability to bluff. The Class of 1920 is proud to own these two who have proven themselves worthy of being called Seniors. The next to fall in line was Paul Schwenk. He has a determined disposition and when his mind is once set, he says, "it is set." The Spring Term of 1916 was brightened by the appear- ance of Myra Bohn of Waynesboro. Her quiet disposition was a great contrast to our noisy "Arby." The fall of the same year our number was increased by four more members. Among these was our Honorable President, Henry Wen- ger, whose striking personality and matchless ability secured for him the position he has attained. But we have one in our midst who is still ahead, it is Jay Vernon Good from our little old Elizabethtown. His hobby was book-keeping and it was nothing for him to miss a reci- tation but, no matter, he was al- ways "Good." The others were our Young Sisters, Ada and Martha, who hail from East Petersburg. These pious Sisters were greatly ad- mired by all who knew them. Daniel Baum, who came here in 1917, was the next to enroll in our class. This York County lad is known for his quick temper and everlasting grumbling. Chester County's representative is Esther Kreps. Miss Kreps is quite in man- ner, reserved in temperament, and studious in habit. Another repre- sentative who volunteered his ser- vices was Clarence Sollenberger from Carlisle. This talented young man has proven himself a star in athletics, music and oratory. Thus ended the year of 1917. But in all the eight years of our class the year 1918 stands out as having made the largest contribu- tion in membership. .This is the year in which Mildred Baer of Waynesboro decided to increase her store of knowledge and join herself to those of our number who had previously enrolled. And all this while we gazed and won- dered how "one little head could carry all she knew." Sarah Royer, who hails from Bunker Hill in Reamstown, is the Champion grumbler of Alpha Hall and fre- quently entertains the girls with her melancholy monologues. Next comes our butcher from Salunga, John Harold Herr. This talented young butcher is also interested in typewriting and shorthand and spends his leisure hours in the little room to the right of the main en- trance of Memorial Hall. We have in our number of boys one of Eliza- bethtown's future business men. This little fellow is burdened with a great title, namely, John Mark Withers Basehore. We have in our midst Ethel Wenger whose cheer- ful disposition adds much to the humorous element of our class. She 34 OUR COLLEGE TIMES is a diligent student, never shirk- ing her duty for she is in the ranks of those who dare to climb and fear not a fall. The famous soloist of our class hails from Lehigh County. This musical young lady is known as Lydia Landis. She is also excep- tionally gifted along the line of giggling. In contrast to our giggling Lydia is the bashful young man, Emmert McDannel from Elizabeth- town. But in spite of his bashful- ness he is a very capable student. In December of 1918 there came from Waynesboro a husky looking lad bearing the name of Edwin Rinehart. He hides his candle under a bushel and lets his light shine only when he goes to Wash- ington street. With the opening of the year 1919 our Commercial De- partment was increased by the ar- rival of Genevieve Drohan who is also very studious and conservative. The Spring Term of the same year found Nettie Wagner and Letha Spangler timidly wending their way towards Alpha Hall. These two girls are great chums for where you find the one you will see the other. And now the final year has ar- rived at last. Our number was still increased by the appearance of Paul Zug our worthy student athlete. There also appeared from the Eastern shore of Maryland, Huldah I. Holsinger. She is very much interested in traveling and especially desires a Buick Roadster. Alta Heisey, the youngest member of our class, is one of our brilliant commercial students. Our steno- grapher is Elvin Baker, who ar- rived on September the eighteenth. He is noted for speed in shorthand and typewriting and frequently has a rising temperature when things go a little wrong. Last but not least of our number is Ralph Frey. His ability is well marked for he en- tered late in the Winter Term and successfully completed the book- keeping course. During the eight years of our ex- pedition it was necessary for some of our number to remain at dif- ferent posts along the way. Here they were engaged in various duties for different periods of time. Early on the morning of September third 1919 we were aroused from our slumbers by the sound of the trumpet and hastily gathering up our necessities for the journey we made our way cheerfully to the old Camp ground on College Hill. Our first month was spent in pre- paration for the final effort to reach the end of our expedition. Having traveled thus far alone it became necessary to unite our efforts and work in unison to accomplish the great task ahead. With this in view, on the cloudy morning of October second, a brave young lad of our number announced in Chapel the first meeting to be held in Room A at 12 :45. It was at this meeting that the mobilization was affected with the following results: Presi- dent, Henry Wenger; Vice Presi- dent, Daniel Baum; Secretary, Ada Young; Treasurer, Clarence Sollen- berger. The mobilization having now been completed we pursued our journey with great enthusiasm, but the path was not broken and we en- OUR COLLEGE TIMES 35 countered many new difficulties in the fields of education, science and business. Here we spent many weary days and nights struggling to gain a foothold where we could pitch our tents in order to muster our strength and again set forth into the depths of these unexplored territories. At times traveling was easy but it lasted only for a short distance until we came face to face with still greater problems which tested our ability. But we would not give up ; our goal was set and we were determined to take pos- session of the new lands. Day after day our journey slowly carried us on our way until December second when we arrived at the fortifica- tions of Music Hall. Here we laid aside all care and trouble and spent a most enjoyable evening by enter- taining our superiors, the Faculty. Having received much inspira- tion we again set forth the next day on our journey. As we journeyed on we made many valuable dis- coveries in spite of the defeats and failures which we encountered. We struggled on for five months before we arrived at a suitable place where we could pitch our tents for another period of rest. During this time we celebrated a most enjoy- able Arbor Day by planting a white birch tree in memory of the many accomplishments along the way. The following day we started on the last section of our journey to the "Promised Land." This part of our journey was the most pleasant for here we entered a sunny climate fiilled with birds and blooming with flowers and trees. And yet clouds of sorrow seemed to hover over us as the end of our journey drew nigh, for we realized that when our expedition was ended we would have to separate, never to meet again as we had traveled during this last year. One bright sunny morning our joy was great as we beheld a most magnificent view of the "Promised Land." As we gazed upon this land of hills and valleys we saw that the roads were not all smooth and that the trials which lay before us would be many. But we believe in the future as in the past, that we will show ourselves ready for any test we may meet. With victory so near at hand we put forth our greatest efforts and in a few days reached the Borderland of "Gradu- ation." The grand finale was now reached and we spent a day of praise and thanksgiving for our safe journey. This day, known as Class Day, was spent in further ef- forts for the triumphant entry into the "Promised Land" or the "Land of Graduation." The evening of the same day we were entertained by a few of the many who had gone before us and had taken possession of a portion of this much coveted land. Early in the morning of the next day, June third, 1920 the camp was astir with the final preparations and after roll call our forces, thirty- four in number, marched trium- phantly across the border amid the plaudits of a vast multitude of peo- ple who had assembled to see the largest Class enter into this beauti- ful land. Time will bring new in- terests into our lives, but what power can rend from our hearts the 36 OUR COLLEGE TIMES warm love for "College Hill?" The race is done Parting but not parted, laboring And we have won but not forgetting, we the Seniors Our banners floating high, wish success to those who will fol- We bid farewell to one and all, low. And dear old College Hill. CONSENSUS OF OPINION Optimist M. Ada Douty Pessimist Daniel Baum Biggest Grouch Vernon Good Fault Finder Sara Royer Best Dressed Girl Letha Spangler Best Dressed Boy John Herr Baby Girl Alta Heisey Baby Boy Elvin Baker Most Mischievous Paul Zug Most Bashful Emmert McDannel Biggest Talker Hulda Holsinger Biggest Giggler Lydia Landis Most Dignified Genevieve Drohan Smallest Nettie Wagner Biggest Feet Henry Wenger Reddest Hair Clarence Sollenberger Most Lonesome David Markey First Married Ephraim Hertzler China Painter Lester Myer Most Brilliant Mildred Baer Biggest Bluffer Eva Arbegast Conscientious Philosopher Ruth Taylor Teacher's Pet Ethel Wenger Most Industrious Martha Young Curliest Hair Ella Boaz Best Looking Girl Ada Young Fattest Myra Bohn Lover of Long Walks Edwin Rinehart Girl Who Talks Least Esther Kreps Boy With Darkest Eyes Mark Basehore Greatest Athlete Clarence Ebersole OUR COLLEGE TIMES 37 X <L- >L^ OUR COLLEGE TIMES SENIOR SOCIAL On January 6, 1920; just a day after we reached College Hill after spending Christmas vacation at our homes the Seniors gave a reception in honor of the Faculty, in Music Hall, from 8:00 to 10:30 P. M. The Seniors worked hard all day decorating the Hall. The class colors, violet and heliotrope were very prominent and presented a striking appearance. The electric lights were draped with the colors, casting a mellow light over the whole room. Rocking chairs were placed here and there. A library table was placed in the center of the room, on which stood a beauti- ful bouquet of sweet peas. Plants and bouquets were set on the windows. The cosy corner of the room was restful, and beautiful, containing cushions, rugs, plants, piano, Victrola and chairs. The faculty were lined up in one part of the room, the Seniors in the other. An interesting feature of the evening was that of the impromptu literary program which the faculty rendered. The program consisted of sermons, funny tales, early ex- periences of our professors, an original dialogue between "two colored farmers," Mother Goose Rhyme, teaching a geography class, and addresses. We were sorry when this part of the program was over. Another feature of the evening was a game in which eight ques- tions were asked, each was to be answered by words which began with the persons initial letters. This lasted for about twenty minutes. Some of the questions which were asked were : "In what are you most successful?" "What is your favorite food?" "What is your chief diver- sion?" "What is your greatest hope?" etc. That some humorous answers were given can be easily believed. Dainty refreshments were served — cakes, salted peanuts, fruit punch, and ice cream. The latter was carried in small, red flower- pots. Cocoa was sprinkled over the ice cream to give it the appearance of ground. Each flower-pot also contained a few, sweet peas and a spray of fern. Every one pronounced the even- ing a splendid success and it seemed as if all were reluctant to leave Music Hall. GIRLS' SOCIAL For several days the senior girls were having secret meetings. "What are the seniors up to now?" was asked more than once by the inquisitive Junior girls. Finally they found out. For upon entering their rooms one day they found in- vitations to come to the sewing room. Friday evening March 5, 1920, found that all the girls and teachers had decided it "altogether fitting and proper" to accept their invitations. The Sewing Room no longer looked natural ; it was trans- formed into a bower of beauty, with the class colors heliotrope and vio- let. The few industrious girls who were so interested in their lessons as to forget when 9 o'clock came, were made aware of the hour by OUR COLLEGE TIMES 39 "Arby" blowing a large horn. Victrola music was furnished until the guests were all seated. Hulda Holsinger then gave a recitation in negro dialect. Of course no one but Hulda, whose playmates near her southern home were negro children, could do this. "Magic and Music" was then played. This was new to most of the girls. One girl left the room and the rest decided on some- thing she was to do when she re- turned. When she re-entered the room all began to sing and the girl moved about trying to discover what she was to do. As she got nearer the thing she was to do we sang softly. "Ask the girls how much laughing was done until Miss Crouthamel discovered what she was to do and turned the joke on one of the girls. Anna Schwenk then preached the A. B. C. sermon for us. The girls all voted that Anna missed her calling in life. Several vocal selections were also rendered. Pretzels and orangeade were served. The girls went to their rooms that evening hoping to see secret meetings of the senior girls soon again. ARBOR DAY April the sixteenth and twenty- third having been proclaimed the two days, by Governor William C. Sproul, of Pennsylvania, as the time for planting trees, the class chose the twenty-third, and as is cus- tomary rendered a program and planted their class tree. The exercises began at three o'clock in the afternoon and the fol- lowing interesting program was rendered: Address of Welcome, Henry Wenger; Reading, Hulda Holsinger; Music, Class; Dialogue, Five Seniors; Address, Prof. Kray- bill ; Music, J. Vernon Good; Plant- ing of the Tree; Music, Class. The first feature, the Address of Welcome by Mr. Wenger, the presi- dent of our class, was instructive and very valuable. He told in a few minutes the manifold value of trees and the conditions that would exist if trees were lacking, taking China as an example. The readings were interesting and well delivered. The dialogue which follows was original. Mr. Sollenberger was a florist and Miss Taylor, his stenographer. Misses Young and Wenger were pur- chasers and surely acted their parts well. Then we dare not forget Mr. Herr, the gentleman who thought trees and flowers a waste of money but later was influenced by the florist and purchasers that they are very valuable. The main feature was the Ad- dress by Prof. Kraybill of West Lampeter Vocational School. He gave us a very helpful address on "The Heroism of a Quiet Prepara- tion." He very emphatically and earnestly told the advantages of a College like ours and the influence of good literature. He used poetry quite frequently in his address, closing with one of Van Dyke's say- ings. 40 OUR COLLEGE TIMES The music by the class consisted of the class song which was well re- ceived by the audience; and a song entitled, the White Birch Tree which was received with as much interest. The other number was a piano solo by Mr. Good which was very well given. The planting of the tree took place on the College Campus just east of Alpha Hall and every mem- ber of the class put some ground around the White Birch tree. The program was ended and Arbor Day, for the class of 1920, passed into history. ARBOR DAY DIALOGUE Scene : Office at a Green House. Characters : Clarence Sollenberger Florist Ruth Taylor Bookkeeper John Herr Real Estate Agent Ethel Wenger Customer Martha Young Customer Enter, Sollenberger and Taylor Taylor — Good morning, Mr. Sol- lenberger. Sollenberger — Good morning, Miss Taylor. I received several phone messages for trees this morn- ing. We have the prospects of do- ing a big business this week. Taylor — Yes, Arbor Day is draw- ing near and that always means a big business for us. Sollenberger — Arbor Day al- ways reminds me of the good old times on College Hill. It will be 10 years in June since I graduated. Taylor — "Ten years! Tell me about some of your class. Sollenberger — Sure as there are no customers to interfere, I'll tell you about a few of them. There was Henry Wenger, our honorable president, he was a good old scout, always willing to do anything you'd ask him. I remember the time we asked him to take the presidency, the poor fellow was so conscious of the responsibility that he couldn't sleep for a whole week. Taylor — It don't wonder me if you were in the class. Sollenberger — Well that's so too, but that soon ended and he went to v/ork with determination to guide us safely thru the last strenuous year and indeed he succeeded well. Taylor — Who was your secretary ? Sollenberger — Ada Young. **Mo- ther" we called her and indeed she was a mother, for when ever any of us would get hurt or needed any help we would flock to her and she'd gather us under her wings and tenderly render the service needed. Yes, she would always send us off with a smile and we would go on our way rejoicing. But I must not forget to tell you about "Arby." We called her that for short but her right name was Eva Arbegast. She certainly had the right name for "Arby" gassed and gassed until one fine day she had a "seese," then she wasn't the same anymore. "Arby" was one of our brightest classmates and an ex- cellent school teacher and we were very sorry when she gave up teach- ing and entered the insurance agency. But such is life and we must have good people for all voca- tions. And there was John Herr you know him? OUR COLLEGE TIMES 41 Taylor — You mean that stingy old real estate agent up the street? Was he in your class? Sollenberger — Yes, that is the fellow.' He and I were good friends then as well as now, but I can't un- derstand what made him change so. Taylor — Yes I always pity his wife when ever I see her, he seems to be such a surly sort of a fellow. Sollenberger — Well John was the most congenial of our class- mates and we were proud of him but some how fate seems to have driven him the wrong way. Taylor — That must have been a very unique class — oh here comes a customer and it is John Herr. (Enter Mr. Herr) Sollenberger — Why, Hello John, what brought you down here this morning? Herr — Hello Clarence, oh I was lying around home and my wife sent me down here for some flowers for her sister. I wouldn't give you two cents for all your flowers, I think they are nothing but a waste of money. Taylor — Surely Mr. Herr you do not hate flowers as bad as all that? Herr — Hate them ! I should say I do. You don't see any around my place and there won't be any there as long as I have anything to say about it. Why just this morning my wife wanted me to come down here to get some trees to plant in our front yard, for ornament, but I soon changed her mind about that. Sollenberger — Why John, what is getting the matter with you, you didn't used to be that way when we went to school. Don't you re- member how you bought flowers for a certain teacher on the Hill. Herr — Well that is all past and gone and times have changed, so I don't propose to spend much of my money on flowers. I tell you peo- ple would be a lot better off if they had learned, some time in their life the art of economy. But as it is they spend their money on many foolish dreams ; then when their money is spent, they look for their profits but their profits are not to be found. I'd consider flowers in that class, they are all right, beautiful and fresh for a day but after that they fade and die, than your money is gone and so are the flowers. Peo- ple would better learn the maxim "a penny saved is a penny earned" then "oh flowers where are thy money values." Sollenberger — Why John, what have you been eating this morning, you seem to be a little out of humor? Herr — Out of humor nothing, but it just makes me sick to think of all the money people insist in spending on flowers when they know they will get no value out of them anyhow. (Enter Wenger) Wenger — Good morning every- body. Everybody — Good morning. Sollenberger — What can I do for you this morning? Wenger — Have you any sweet peas? Sollenberger — Oh yes, I have some nice ones, how many will you have? 42 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Wenger — I would like to have two dozen. (Exit Sollenberger to green house) Wenger — (To Taylor) I came to get these flowers for a patient down at the hospital, I always think flowers in a patient's room help to cheer them. Taylor — So do L I always try to have some flowers on my desk. They seem to give me inspiration to go on with my work. Did I under- stand that you were a nurse? How do you like it? Wenger — Very well. The work is so much more fascinating than my work at school ever was. Taylor — Several years ago I had all plans made to enter nursing when one of my College teachers persuaded me not to. He said it was just a war craze which had gotten hold of me. Then I took up this line of work. I was often «orry I listened to him. But when 1 am real sad these flowers cheer me. Wenger — That is one reason why we like to have flowers in the hospital. The patients will not be- come so discouraged for there is -something about flowers that keeps up their spirits. Oh, I think it must be wonderful to be surrounded by flowers all the time. Taylor — See Mr. Herr she knows some of the values of flowers. Herr — Perhaps she does but that does not convince me that flowers are of such wonderful value to us. (Enter Young) Young — Good morning folks. Everybody — Good morning. . Taylor — Mr. Sollenberger will soon be in from the green house. Have a chair? Miss Wenger just told me she is a nurse. What ward are you in? Young — Oh how interesting, do tell. Wenger — I am Dr. Markey's private nurse at present. Taylor — What line of work are you doing? Wenger — Today he asked me to go on a case for him. He said it was one of his schoolmates; she is a very agreeable patient. Her name is Sarah Royer. Taylor and Young — Sarah Royer? Young — From Reamstown? Wenger — Yes, she had an opera- tion for appendicitis. Do you know her? Young — I should say I do. Isn't it too bad. That girl certainly does have her share of trouble. Is she very ill? Wenger — No she is getting along very nicely. Young — What are the visiting hours at the hospital today? Wenger — Oh, she is a private pa- tient and can be seen at any time. Young — If you are not in too great a hurry I should like to go with you to see her. Wenger — All right, I shall wait. (Enter Sollenberger) Sollenberger — Here are your flowers Miss Wenger. Good morn- ing Miss Young, what will you have this morning? Miss Young — Good morning Mr. Sollenberger, I should like to look at some trees. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 43 Sollenberger — All right, step out into the green house. Wenger — Oh, I do think these flowers are wonderful, don't you Mr. Herr? Herr — Oh yes, they are beautiful enough but they are a luxury and therefore a waste. Wenger — A luxury, a waste ! Why Mr. Herr I thought you were a larger hearted man than that. I believe with Wordsworth that "a flower is a being possessed with a soul." Herr — Oh yes, it is easy enough to philosophize about flowers but you w^omen never think about the money you are throwing away for their purchase. (Enter Young) Say Miss Young, did it ever occur to you how much money really is wasted on trees? Young — Wasted! Why no Mr. Herr I fear you are mistaken. How could we get along without the shade they give us? I am sure I would not like to live in a house that didn't have any trees less than twenty feet from it. In looking back over your records as a real es- tate agent, don't you find that a property that has many trees can be sold more easily than one that didn't have any trees on it? Herr — Sure all my properties have trees on them, but they are not the expensive ornamental variety they are the inexpensive maple trees. Young — Well, how about timber for lumber? Surely we must have trees for it; and then for wood to burn and for furniture. Oh, we couldn't get along without trees. A great many of those dreaded land- slides occur because there are no trees to hold the ground in place with their roots. It is said, that if we do not rebuild out forests it will not be many decades until the un- checked storms will have wiped out animal life. And Mr. Herr, don't you remember that the trees help to purify the air for us? The leaves of every tree take in carbon dioxide and give off oxygen. Herr — Animal life is dependant on vegetable life but do you know I had quite forgotten that in my busy career. Young — And did you forget that every treeless country is a hungry country? That is why China is famine stricken so much of the time. Herr — Yes, now that famine in China, seems to me I did hear some- thing about that, but I had never taken time to look into the cause of it. Young — The population of China is very dense and the people pluck every shoot as soon as it appears above the ground. They even use the roots for food. Just recently the people there have been re- quired to plant trees. What has happened to that country can hap- pen to our country unless we wake up and plant trees. Taylor — Can't you see Mr. Herri That trees and flowers are a neces- sity and not a luxury. How and where would our birds, bees and beautiful butterflies live if it were not for the trees? Mr. Herr, which do you like better, summer or win- ter? 44 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Herr — Summer of course. Taylor — And that is because of the trees and flowers that we have. How would you like to live on the desert and never see any trees and flowers? I am sure you would be glad to look at them then. I be- lieve you would soon awaken to the appreciation of their beauty then. I suggest that we send you to China. Herr — No thanks, I believe I'll stay in the States. Wenger — Mr. Herr, you surely will admit that a home that has flowers is more inviting than one that has no flowers. Just think of all the different color combinations and how very fragrant they are. Do you like honey (?) Mr. Herr? Herr — Do I like Honey? I should say I do. Wenger — Well if it wouldn't be for the flowers we couldn't have any. And then how much of our poetry is based on flowers and their value. And they also have a moral value, even a spiritual value for men have been converted by their beauty and their souls have been drawn near to God. Young — Well Miss Wenger, I am ready to go if you are. Wenger — Yes I am ready, and I hope Mr. Herr that you have changed your opinion about flowers. Young — And I hope the next time that I pass by your home I may see trees and flowers in your front yard. Herr — Maybe you shall Miss Young. (Exit Young and Wenger. Enter Sollenberger). Sollenberger — Well John, what do you think about flowers and trees by this time ? Herr — Oh, I changed my mind a little bit. Sollenberger — Don't you really think there is beauty in them? Listen — "Oh! thou magic world of flowers, Fair ministers of grace, Soothing all on — Herr — Oh I don't care for your philosophy and poetry very much but I do like that flood and famine argument allright. Sollenberger — What flood and famine argument? Herr — Why, that famine in China, Don't you know anything about it? Sollenberger — Oh, I believe I did hear something about it, but what caused it anyhow? Herr — Why, the famine was caused by the treeless condition of the country. Say, I must get those flowers my wife sent me after. She wanted two dozen daisies, but if it is not too much trouble I believe I'll look at your trees. Sollenberger — All right John, we'll have a look at them im- mediately. (Sollenberger and Herr go to nursery) and return — Sollenberger — Well John, that was a fine lot of trees, wasn't it? Herr — Yes, it sure was, and I be- lieve ril take a few trees too. I want 12 White Birch, 7 Red Maples, and 6 Blue Maples. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 45 This surely has been a profitable (Exit Herr) morning to me, and I am sure that Sollenberger — I never thought the next time I look at flowers and he would buy any trees when he trees I shall think differently than came in this morning, did you? I ever did before. Well I must be Taylor — No I never did either, going, good-bye Clarence. and I do hope that he can smile the Sollenberger — Good-bye John, next time I pass him on the street. I'll attend to your order immediate- Sollenberger — Yes I hope so too. ly. (Exit Sollenberger and Taylor) GREATEST NEEDS A New Gait McDannel Hair Curler Boaz Pep Juniors All Periods Vacant Taylor Fat Reducer Bohn A Few More Years Young Sisters A Trap H. Wenger A "Henry" Baer Insurance Agent Arbegast More Ability to Bluff Sollenberger Fat Producer Spangler Pasteur Treatment ^. . (M. A. D)outy Nerve Tonic Royer More Decent Chairs College A "Vertebra" Brake HeiT A Stretcher Wagner A Bower in E'town Rinehart A New Girl to Kid Baum An Olive Bashore A Chance To Be College Cook Royer A Good Time Holsinger More References in Philosophy Seniors A Lock on Room B Boaz More Evening Classes E. Wenger Longer Shades for Room D Myer Another Light to Fix Markey Someone to Tease next Year Prof. Meyer Grocery Counter in the Hardware Store Zug A New Piece of Chewing Gum Good Different Color of Hair Two of our Girls Larger Dining Room College An Ex"spens"ive Fry Taylor 46 OUR COLLEGE TIMES CO cd G V bo a u pq c .s 6 C OS y o -p -p c8 « 3 m ■> u <a ft 3 xn J2 73 0) 0) 0) -p -p % u pq ft pq c .2 'C 3 -p ca (3 -a C bo 'c5 H (P w ?E c3 C _o CO c .§> 'S u -4-> (P s Q u s o O ■a c o o to C o ■43 be CO 0) y C PL, c3 C -p 3 pq CO to 0) C OJ -0 3 be c be .S 'c £ p ca CO -a to CO bJO '3 pq -p S ft 02 C8 <U PL, be .S '■p ca ,^ CO 0) S) X Oh u C c K W3 o p "ft o o cSpg ^- c8 cS a>pq 1- 'S <u to 3 & c CS w 3 -(J CO cS "ft 0) ;-! a) -u !» cS C 03 +J CO _ft 'u H -P m 1 be C s -u 3 < "B § Pi be c i ft >> H W 'b 3 pq li u o o C cS O Q 0) -p C p: o u pq be .S 'c in s 3 w .s "5 ■3 bo P 3 cS ■p -p cS be C 'ft q; (P $-1 s 3 CO CO (U C -t-J '3 0* JO % be c CO -0 bo _!=; "co OS <W be c CO ca < (P CO ca e u & e u < pq 2 -P CS cS Q cS pq -b < > 0) > "ft cS ">» 01 CO 3 pq ft 1 < 2 O m > m Q Q p— 1 <; pq 'Z > O w pq <i pq W 1— 1 < P < pq <: pq Q Q < ;z; Q W > > W pq W w Pi <: < Pi Q > 1— 1 K H •J Pi K Pi w ,-) N H Pi Pi Pi t— , w <; Q OUR COLLEGE TIMES 47 t3 c o S H CQ tn 3 0) c 2 E-" 1^ 5 >> ^1 a c .2 ta c a a) Q c a> 3 c p 'S en (h 3 >> ca c to i c IP to '3 to < ■3 IS ca 3 ;2; 0) ca > CU bo c IS ca -3 OJ •3 '0 <U 73 4-5 C > ca to 0) ■(-> ca 4-> u <u bo c ea p. 0) £ ca =3 •43 3 .2 *s CO c S p. 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It is athletics which take away the monotony of the daily routine of class work and acts as a medicine to strengthen us for the day's work ahead. Never before in the history of Elizabethtown College have ath- letics taken such a step forward for the betterment of the individual. When we recognize this achieve- ment, we must not forget, however, the motive power that is back of it and a larger part of this may well be ascribed to Prof. I. S. Hoifer, who is head of the Athletic Depart- ment at the present time. Athletics, on College Hill, are divided into four main divisions, namely: base ball, basket ball, ten- nis and soccer. During the fall of the year a lit- tle base ball was played but no permanent teams were organized, so there were not many games played until the spring term, when two first and two second teams were organized, both teams alter- nating each evening. Following is the line-up of the first teams. Senators * Representatives J. Herr c. .H. Raffensperger O. Zendt p D. Myers H. Wenger. . . 1st E. Baker D, Baum 2nd L. Stauffer C. Ebersole. . .3rd..C. Sollenberger S. Ober ss P. Zug R. Mohr rf . . . .C. Holsopple R. Wenger cf M. Best J. Reber If J. Sherman These two teams met in several hotly contested games, the final re- sults being: 6-3, 11-8, 12-6, in favor of the Senators. During the winter term, basket ball was the leading sport at the College. There were teams chosen to represent the Faculty with Prof, I. S. Hoffer as Captain. A Com- mercial team with John Herr as Captain. A Junior team with Oliver Zendt as Captain. These teams fur- nished the games thruout the win- ter term, some of which were very close ones. Following is the line-up for the Senior team : D. Baum Forward J. Herr Foi-ward H. Wenger Center C. Sollenberger Guard M. Basehore Guard Soccer was played about the be- ginning of the Fall Term and lasted until the beginning of the Winter Term. This was the initial appear- ance of this game on the Hill, but it enjoyed a very profitable season and by all indications, it will be re- vived next year with renewed vigor. The principal games were played between the Boarding and the Day Students, each team winning two games. The condition of the weather prevented the final game from being played. At the beginning of the Fall Term, Tennis was given a grand opening and remained the leading sport until the coming of Jack Frost, when it was then set aside to be replaced by Soccer, it remained dormant until the latter part of 50 OUR COLLEGE TIMES April when it was revived with re- newed vigor. After considerable parleying, the back-stops and net-posts were put into good condition, after which the grounds were weeded, and dragged as well as lined. Even after the grounds were in good playing con- dition, the inclemency of the weather prohibited playing for a considerable length of time. Commercial Department The year of 1919 and '20 was opened with an enrollment of 37 students. This is an increase -of 4 per cent, over the enrollment of the previous year. Of this number fifteen are taking up the work in- volved in stenographic course and twenty-two are taking up the book- keeping course. This department ranks second in number with the other depart- ments. Its students have actively engaged in all the forward move- ments on College Hill. They are very energetic and industrious. The students held a social during the year which was both enjoyable and educational. Every student participated. The department took an active part in basket ball, playing some of the best games ever played in the gymnasium. The players are : O. Zendt Forward E. Baker Forward P. Zug Centre A. Ziegler Guard H. Gingrich Guard The leading base ball players hail from the Commercials. During the Winter Term the class gave most of their time to their class work which accounts for the lack of more social events. The weather being permissible we took a hike far into the country and par- took of a dainty luncheon. We ar- rived home feeling tired but willing to begin our work the next day with new zeal. The stenographic students have been the first to have the opportu- nity of studying one of the advanced books in Office Training and have met with marked success. They have made rapid progress under the careful supervision of their competent teacher Miss Mildred I. Bonebrake. The bookkeeping students' work has been made very interesting under the influence of their worthy instructor Prof. H. A. Via. The pen- manship classes this year have been exceeding large but nevertheless have displayed excellent work. Several have received certificates of business writing issued by the Zanerian College of Penmanship. Our graduating class is large this year compared with previous years but it is only a small portion of the number enrolled in the Commercial Department. However, the students finishing the courses have not hur- ried thru but have acquired a thorough knowledge of the com- mercial work. Some have taken work in other courses which eventually will be of value to them in the future. It is the hope of every member that all future clasn-:! v/ill manifest a greater interest in all the activities of the Commercial Department. OUR COLI EGE TIMES 51 52 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Class Prophecy Miss Royer, (sitting at desk) — Last week while sorting the mail in the main office, in the Brethren Publishing House, I received a let- ter from Elizabethtown College, asking for the list of examination questions for the mission classes. This made me think back to the years which I spent there and of the wonderful change that was made there since I left. Five new build- ings have been erected in these past ten years. Then too, I thought of my classmates and what they all might be doing by this time. I be- lieve somebody rapped at the door. (Goes to door). "It is one of my classmates," Come in, and find a seat. You still look natural. I had just been thinking about my classmates, when you rapped. Where have you spent these many years? Mr. Herr — Oh, I worked for my father the summer after I left school but the following winter I went to Seattle, Washington, to visit my uncle. After roaming around in the west awhile I secured a position with the Great Northern Railway Company as traveling Supervisor, so you see I am getting my share of traveling. Royer — How did you happen to get in here? Herr — Well, I happened to glance in the paper the other day and I saw your name among those of the officers of the Brethren Publishing Company, so I thought I would drop into your office and sur- prise you a little, also find out about my former classmates. Have you heard from any of them lately? Royer — Yes, I received letters from quite a few and they told me what they are doing. I received one lately from Mildred Baer. I'll read it to you. (Reads letter) New York, N. Y. April 4, 1930 Dear Miss Royer: — After 1 graduated from E'town College, I taught school several years, and have enjoyed it very much. Then I went to school at Manchester and specialized in Philosophy. Now I am filling the chair as teacher of Philosophy at Columbia University. Have you heard from any of them? Herr — Yes I know what some of them are doing. You know that fellow in our class who was always so quiet — never talked much — Mc- Dannel I believe his name was. Royer — Oh, yes, I remember — you mean Emmert McDannel. Herr — Yes that is his name, well he is repairing bicycles and sharp- ening lawn mowers in his old home town, Milton Grove. Say did you ever hear anything about the Presi- dent of our class? (Wenger I be- lieve his name was). I have not heard from him since I left school. Royer — Yes, I had been in New York last year and happened to get into the Head-quarters of the Stu- dent Volunteerc and there I met Esther Kreps. Ynu know she is OUR COLLEGE TIMES 53 secretary of that institution. She told me that the President of our class, Mr. Henry Wenger, left for China last fall, at the head of a force of Medical Doctors to work in the new hospital which had been erected the last year we were at Elizabethtown College. Do you know anything about David Markey? He also intended to be a medical missionary. Herr — I don't know what his in- tentions were but if those were his intentions then he missed them by a long ways as he is now drawing comic pictures for the Centerport Daily Gossip. And you know that other fellow that was in our class, who also was married, Ephraim Hertzler I be- lieve was his name, well he is going around the country making stump speeches for the Pennsylvania Hu- mane Society for the prevention of cruelty to animals. Royer — Do you remember the Young sisters who had been in our class? The oldest one, Ada, is ma- tron at the children's home in Rheems. And Martha wanted to be a nurse but became a school marm in the kindergarten at East Peters- burg. Herr — What became of that fel- low that always went to the post- office by the way of Washington Street? Royer — Do you mean Edwin Rinehart? Herr— Yes that i s the gentle- man's name. Royer — He became a doctor and is now at Marietta on the vaccine farm (the place where they ex- periment on horses) but in front of his office is the most beautiful "Bower" of flowers that you can find anywhere. And Daniel Baum, you remember him! well he taught school several years but gave up that profession and enlisted in the 'Tlying Police Squadron, of Line- boro." Who was that girl that had been the baby of our class? Herr — Oh you mean Nettie Wag- ner, after she left school she be- came a stenographer in the office of the American Chain Works of York, but now she is superintendent of the office force in that plant, and her two chums, (Letha Spangler and Alta Heisey) I guess you re- member them, well ''Lee" thot she would be a stenographer too, but when a certain young man, who was formerly from Myerstown, of- fered her a beautiful home in Flori- da, of course she consented and she is now down amongst the peach and orange blossoms. And Alta tried clerking in a store but that didn't go so she motored to New York in a "Chandler" and now she has one of the finest Manicuring Parlors on Broadway. Royer — I also received a letter from my room-mate Miss Ella Boaz. whose name has been changed to Mrs. Baugher. Herr — Oh is that the lady with the hand-made curls? Royer — Yes that is the lady, you know her husband is a minister and she is assisting him in one of the large missions in New York City. That also makes me think of Miss Ada Douty, who roomed next to 54 OUR COLLEGE TIMES us. She taught her home school a few years and is now an instructor of French at the Loganton High School. Who were some of the other students in the Commercial Depart- ment? Herr — There was Baker and Good, but neither of these lived up to what is implied by their names as Baker, after doing some odd jobs, became a waiter in the Cafe de la Boggs, or Kennewood as it is sometimes called, in Elizabethtown. While Goody finally became the pianist and organizer of the New- ville orchestra. Royer — Do you remember the fellow who used Room D for a re- ception room and also was assist- ant teacher of art? Herr — You mean Lester Myer? Royer — Yes, I heard lately that he is making book racks and easels etc., which he donates to the Eph- rata art institution, at which place he is a heavy stock holder, besides he teaches science in the Browns- town High School. Herr — If you remember we had another fellow in our class that was very quiet, his name, I believe, was Ralph Frey, he never got far from home but he made his mark in the world by raising sweet potatoes on the Ridge Road Farm. Royer — Speaking of Frey re- minds me of the conversation be- tween the Orator, Miss Eva Arbe- gast, and the Old Maid, Miss Ruth Taylor, of our class. Arby said that Taylor likes to get a big "Frey" but Ruth claimed, with Arby that she liked it well "Seesed." However Ruth never became a Frey and is now matron of the Old Maid's Home at Lancaster, while Arby is manager of the Mechanicsburg Garage in connection with the In- surance business conducted by her husband. Didn't we have an athlete in our class? Herr — I guess you mean Clar- ence Ebersole, yes, I thought that he would make a great Ball player but I heard lately that he was fill- ing the position of water and bat boy with the crack Stevens Hill ball team ; he must sweep the grand stand once a week also to gain ad- mission. Mark Basehore was some what of an athlete too, but he cast aside all athletic aspirations and I heard that he sailed for Italy last spring in search of Olives, Do you know what became of Lydia Landis and Paul Zug? Royer — I have not heard lately but a few years ago Miss Landis had been penmanship teacher in the Zanerian School of Penman- ship. And don't you know that Paul Zug became the head of the Commercial Department at Eliza- bethtown College? Herr — No I hadn't heard about Paul ; but I very near forgot to tell that I saw Miss Drohan in Salt Lake City last fall, she manages two five and ten cent stores in that city and she is what I would call a live wire business woman and I also ask if she knew anything concerning Miss Holsinger but she said she did not, have you heard anything? OUR COLLEGE TIMES 55 Royer — Yes, I had been at the Commencement at E'town College last year and met her there. She is floor-superintendent in the shoe factory in Elizabethtown. She told me about Myra Bohn who joined our class the Spring term she said that she is still taking Osteopathic treatments for the purpose of gett- ing "Leiter" and that she also has gotten her A. B. and is now going to Bethany Bible School. We almost forgot that romantic couple Mr. Clarence Sollenberger and Ethel Wenger. Do you know anything about them? Herr — Oh you mean the "bluf- fer" and the "pet" that used to be in Professor Meyer's class, yes, you know Mr. Sollenberger and the ministers daughter. Miss Wenger, always entertained a superabund- ance of friendship for each other but that friendship was broken when she filed her objections to his becoming a minister, although she induced him to prepare himself for Pastoral work. And now we find Miss Wenger as a trained nurse at the Jefferson Hospital in Philadel- phia, and she claims that her heart is in her work "Solely" and only. While Mr. Sollenberger after giv- ing up his ambitious strides to the pulpit is now ambulance driver at the Jefferson. And from all indi- cations his favorite motto must be, "If at first you don't succeed try, try again," and we sure all wish him success. And I must not forget to tell you about Mr. Paul Schwenk, you know he was one of the last to join our Illustrious Class, perhaps you might remember him best as the janitor and all around man at the college yet he was not content with these duties and ere two years separated him from that day of all school days (Commencement) he took upon his shoulder the wonder- ful task of superintending Mr. M. S. Hershey's farms at Hershey. Who was that girl that joined our class after Mr. Schwenck, about the mid- dle of the Spring term? Royer — Oh, that girl was Elsie Snavely. After she left school, she secured a position in Klein's Choco- late factory as bookkeeper. She worked there for several years with much success, then she went to Washington, D. C, where she se- cured a position as bookkeeper and is earning $2,000 a year. Herr — (Pulling out watch) Well Miss Royer I must hurry to the sta- tion as I haven't much time to get that train. I am surely very glad that I called at your office to see you and talk about our College Hill friends and if I ever happen to get along here again I will not forget to call at your office. Royer — Yes please do, I enjoyed this talk very much and am always glad to see and hear from my old classmates. Herr — (Shaking hands) Well good-bye Miss Royer and take good care of yourself. Royer — Thank you, good-bye Mr. Herr, I'll try to do that. 56 OUR COLLEGE TIMES OUR COLLEGE TIMES 57 58 OUR COLLEGE TIMES CLASS POEM Not to sound the plaudits of mighty men Whose valiant deeds are done ; Not to boast of the many, many scores Of victories they have won : Not to boast of the honors that are bestowed, Nor weep o'er the defeats that were many, But I write to tell of the accomplishments Of the Class of 1920. Oh, I love to think of our noble Class, For our hearts are true indeed; And our aims in life are lofty aims, Which the past has oft revealed. We have fought our way thru the years of the past With arms that are steady and strong. And now the coveted goal we have gained For which we have striven so long. Oh I love to think of our noble Class, And the store of wealth we hold ; For the wealth of wisdom, of virtue, of truth Is greater than silver and gold. Ah, we seek not silver and gold and pearls, Earthly worth, nor fame nor glory; Our aim is based on a life of service, Our goal is "Eternal Glory." Oh, I love to think of the days that are past, And the scenes that are left behind, For the memories of all those early days Are vivid still in my mind. I see once more the bashful youth And timid maiden fair. As you smiled at all our awkward ways And helped us our burdens bear. But who seeks to scorn our noble Class Let him hide his face in shame. For he knows not the cost of the sacrifice, E're we to this honor came. He knows not the hours of earnest toil. Thru days and nights of strife ; He knows not of the defeats and victories To win in the race of life. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 59 And so, as you follow us year by year, You see us slowly climb O'er rugged rocks and mountains steep To far up heights sublime ; Ah yes, we are slowly nearing the goal. But our school days not yet ended; We leave behind sacred paths and spots O'er which we here have wended. Old E'town College, with grateful hearts, We turn to you in thanks, For thou hast been a faithful guide Since we have joined thy ranks. Professors, students. Preps and all. Say about them what you may. Each did his share, as a brother should, To place us here today. At last we have gained the destined height, Our feet are firmly set. We have raised our banner to the skies, Dear "heliotrope and violet." We have conquered now what we've well begun, The race is won, I ween, Our cry rings loud thru the evening calm, "Rather to be than to seem." "Oh the years may come, and the years may go," But our memory still will linger On the dear old spot on "College Hill" Which ever to us grows dearer. "Fain would I now stay the tears that steal So silently into my heart, And fain would I turn from the echoing words, Dear classmates now we must part." Oh cruel fate, why dost thou so decree That our journey here shall end; Could we not linger yet awhile together And the happy days of friendship spend? Ah no, we must part dear classmates true. To meet never again as today; But the friendships formed as the days went by. Will never pass away. 60 OUR COLLEGE TIMES And now as we look on the tasks ahead, We see that the crown to be gained, Can be secured only by those who strive In the battle of life, well trained. And now to thee our "Alma Mater," We bid a sad adieu ; And hope to ever be to thee A credit just and true. CLASS SONG We've spent many days on dear College Hill, Working and planning together. Gaining in knowledge and power and skill. To help solve life's problems better. CHORUS Three cheers for the class, the class of nineteen twenty, And our colors of heliotrope and violet. Three cheers for our motto, "Rather to be than to seem.'* And our dear Alma Mater, to which we'll loyal be. We love our dear teachers so kind and true, And also our fellow students. We cherish fond mem'ries of all of you Who Educate for Service. We'll carry on what we've well begun Carrying the light near and far With our shoulders square and our step as one, Ready for work and service. But now as the time draws nearer to part ' And we must say to you farewell May you the message of God's love impart, ! And press on toward life eternal. K. M. B. CLASS YELL High boom, Zickety Zack Here we come, clear the track We're the Senior's, we're not slow We're the class that makes things go. Rip Saw, Rip Saw, Rip Saw Punch ! We belong to the Senior bunch! Are we in it? Well, I guess! We're the Seniors, yes, yes, yes. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 61 THE SENIORS If you see a certain chap With a wrinkled brow, And a very knowing look That seems to tell you how, He's a Senior. He's a very jolly lad, Always full of fun. But never giving up a task Till his duty's done. Yes, a Senior. If you see a maiden fair Who looks very wise. Just you take it down for good And do not show surprise. She's a Senior. If she gently offers you A little kind assistance, You won't have the heart at all To make the least resistance, for She's a Senior. If you're weary, down and out, Yes, filled with consternation. Just you go to them and ask For some information. They're Seniors. But listen, don't you try to be. To them, a superior, For you'll only show yourself Very much inferior. They're Seniors. So here, dear friends, we offer you A little kind advice. Before you try to rival us Just think it over twice, We're Seniors C. B. S. 62 OUR COLLEGE TIMES The Stranger Within Our Gates On Bedloe Island in New York harbor stands a colossal monument, the Statue of Liberty. High in the hand of Liberty a torch beams forth warm rays which guide and direct all who come within its range. Ev- ery year hundreds of thousands of people from foreign shores gaze upon this statue for the first time. Every month thousands come to our country to seek new homes. "Wel- come," the Statue shouts to them, "freedom for all forever." Light of heart, jubilant of speech, grate- ful to have reached the promised land the alien comes. The actor, the physician, the merchant and musician as well as the more hum- ble weaver and laborer flock to our shores. Now that the alien has come what shall be our attitude to- ward him? Granted we owe him something, what do we owe him? First of all we owe him some- thing industrially. He has come here attracted by our offer of a bet- ter livelihood than his native land can give. He has confidence in our country which he knows as the land of the free and the home of the brave. But how do we meet his confidence? By crowding him into factories not fit for animals. By herding him in even worse tene- mant houses. We exploit, we mis- treat, we crush and then we expect him to become a model citizen, a true loyal American. We treat him like a dog and expect him to be a man. But friends, our material and industrial pre-eminence has been built by just such men even though we have grossly mistreated them. The very foundations of our industrial democracy have been built by alien hands. Who would contest therefore that we owe the alien something industrially? America owes the aMen something from an educational standpoint. He has heard even before he left his native heath that in America every body has the chance to receive an education. Perhaps it is this very thing that has brought him to our shores. But when he comes he finds himself crowded into deepest obscurity. Then spring up the lit- tle Italys, the Chinatowns, the na- tive settlements which we so much deplore. But who's to blame? They crovv'd together for mutual help and naturally their own language supplants English. But there isn't an alien within the bor- ders of our country who couldn't receive an education if we would want to give it. Who dare say that we with our boundless resources are unable to do it, even though the task be stupendous? In the pro- portion that we educate, just in that proportion can we assimilate and save the alien. America has a great social debt to the alien for he comes to us with a goodly heritage. In all humility we must acknowledge that he brings to us gifts of the spirit, the music of Italy, the culture of Greece, the art of France. He comes to us with a smile but we re- turn his smile with a frown. We regard him as a nuisance because he brings with him lower standards of life than ours. We forget that in his breast glows too the spark of Divine Life. We call him "dago" OUR COLLEGE TIMES 63 and "wop." We crush with a fist of iron. Gone is his jubilant, buoy- ant life ! An easy mark is he for those who wish to use him as a tool in working destruction on our land. By our very attitude we push him into the arms of lawlessness. Why friends, do you know that aliens who do institute rebellion, and riot and the evils which we have been experiencing are incited by those who live within our law? Do you realize that we have an organized force of 60,000 people in this coun- try whose aim is to agitate the over- throw of the government by force, and that many of those 60,000 are l-rotected by and within our lav? But whom do they seek to carry I at their nefarious schemes? The poor untaught alien, an easy target, who they know is ignorant of our cherished history and traditions. Whom do we punish? The instiga- tors? No. We condemn, deport and even kill their victim, the alien, because someone within the law has caused him to transgress our law. We regard the alien as a Bolshevist, a Red, an anarchist. We deport without judicial trial. Are we not thus threatening the basic principles of our government which guarantee us the right of trial? But friends, for every alien so treated we may expect to find two Bolshe- vists spring up to take his place re- cruited from the ranks of those who resent the invasion of their rights. Shall we regard the alien as a Bolshevist simply because an acci- dent of birth decreed that he should be born under another flag than ours? We cry out in protest "No." We send him back home, for ex- ample, back to Russia, hell-torn, bleeding Russia. Is she better able to deal with than we? Further- more, are we not by our wholesale deportation giving wide-spread publicity to the very doctrines we are trying to stamp out? Shall we use Prussian methods of dealing with the very alien whose near kin have perhaps given their lives to the great cause of democracy and now lie in Flanders Field, dead on the field of honor? Friends, so long as we continue to use this Prussian sort of treatment we will never pay our social debt to the alien ! Above all else, America owes the alien something benevolently and spiritually. Benevolence, of such a motive we need not be ashamed. Religion, the thing that makes life worth while. If we have these to offer to the alien he will give back to us his many unused assets which would aid in our national spiritual life because he brings with him deep religious instincts despite the hard conditions of his own country. We need to give him our religion in order to keep it ourselves. We need to give him a faith so vital that it cannot help but permeate his life. Oh ! sham, Sunday-only religion won't do. It must be the real old- fashioned Christlike religion, the kind that has stood the test of ages. We need to give greatly and large- ly of the more abundant things of life. Oh that America might see her duty toward the alien ! Let us give him a chance industrially. Let us treat him like a brother. Let us have him work on a comparatively equal basis with us and watch him 64 OUR COLLEGE TIMES develop info a citizen whom we may proudly call our own. May we pay our debt to him educationally by sending earnest, devoted teach- ers into his settlements and have them inculcate the principles that make up the larger life. Let us pay our social debt by stopping ex- ploitation. Let us send our God- fearing ministers to the stranger within our gates so that they may impart aid. Let us help the alien to see that we are his protector, his elder brother, his friend in deed as well as in word. Let us show him that we will not break faith with him but keep the tryst which he made with Liberty when he en- tered New York harbor. Let us give him the thing that will develop hand, heaa and heart. Let us break down ignorance, vice and poverty of mind. Let us make him feel the inescapable oneness of mankind. May we pay our debt as did the Roman Citizen who said — "There is neither Jew nor Greek There is neither bond nor free." — Eva V. Arbegast. Lincoln or Lenine Many years ago, in a bleak, dreary region along the Nolin Creek in Kentucky, was born a child who some day was to be the ruler of a Great Nation. His par- ents were poor, and as he grew in age and stature the burdens of his life became heavy. He had little chance to acquire an education, save, as he said, "thru his saintly mother who llrst made him feel like a human being. It was she who took him out of the rut of degreda- tion, neglect and shiftlessness that, if long continued, might have con- trolled his destiny." She insisted that he be sent to school. She gave many anxious hours that she might teach her boy the beauties of na- ture, and the infinite love of Je- hovah. And was her teaching in vain? Did she fail to inspire him with honesty, with love, with compas- sion? Did that mother's great love for her son cause her to devote her time unwisely upon that boy? Did the grind of toil and study cause young Abraham Lincoln to sit down in despair and weep over his un- favorable circumstances? Not for a moment. The spirit of ambition waxed strong in his veins. His un- dying thirst for knowledge led him to sit far into the night pondering over some borrowed book in order to reach the highest pinnacle of service to his fellowmen. Yea, "he, while his companions slept was toil- ing upward in the night." Who does not admire a man "possessed of great natural vigor of intellect?" Who does not admire a man "possessed of a fund of strong common sense, which enables him to see, at a glance, thru the shams by which he is surrounded?" Who does not admire a man able to pur- sue his own aims with singleness of heart and directness of purpose?" Who does not love a true, simple, unaffected man, anxious to do his duty to the whole country and faithful in every place he oc- cupies?" such a man was Abraham Lincoln. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 65 All through his years of prepara- tion. Lincoln was looking forward to the day when he would render his greatest service to his country- men. The great day came at last. His years of preparation had not been in vain. His words, that he would someday be "President of the United States" were fulfilled. His great inaugural was the over- flowing of his generous, loving soul. Did he denounce his enemies? Did he hold contempt for his dis- satisfied countrymen? No. He was far above such deeds, as he ex- pressed in his remarkable in- augural, thus: "In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen and not in mine, are the momentous is- sues of civil war. The government will not assail you. You can have no conflict without being your- selves the aggressors. You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I have the most solemn one to pre- serve, protest and defend it. I am loath to close. We are not enemies but friends. We must not be enemies. Tho passion may have strained, it will not break our bonds of .affection. The mystic chords of memory stretching from every battle field and patriotic grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the union, when touched again, as sure- ly they will be, by the better angels of our nature." Alas! how sad. His words of truth and pleading were lost upon the men who had already plotted the disruption of the Union. His great heart was bleeding for his misled countrymen. His worst enemies were as dear to him as his closest friends. Thruout those four years of struggle "he bore the na- tion's perils, and trials, and sorrows ever on his mind." His burden was almost unbearable, as he con- fided to a friend, "how willingly would I exchange places today with the soldier who sleeps on the ground in the army of the Po- tomac." Only those who knew his inner life could feel how checkered it was with the deepest anxieties and most discomforting solicitude. But oh Lincoln! Lincoln! thy weary days on earth were num- bered. The enemy whom thou didst love was bearing down upon thee just as thy days of victory were complete. Soon dids't thou leave this weary world and find a happy home and rest; soon was't thou numbered with the redeemed in Heaven. Lincoln's work on earth was ended ; he had fought a good fight, he had finished his course, he had kept the faith. Let us now turn our attention to a dark page of the world's history. To a page covered with selfish mo- tives and inhuman actions. A page of bloodshed and bribery, caused by a man who wants all for himself. This man is none other than the great Russian outlaw, Nikolai Len- ine. Nikolai Lenine the directing power behind the early outbreaks in Russia is the leader of the Bol- shevik movement. He was born of a noble family at Simbirsk, on the Volga, in 1870. He is quiet in man- ner, reserved in temperament, and studious in habit. This prominent 66 OUR COLLEGE TIMES leader of the Radical Social Demo- crats continued to gain favor and power until he has brought the world into a state of chaos and up- roar. Who can feel any regard for a criminal, a murderer, a very Judas? He convinced the people that they would get absolute free- dom. He used all the schemes he could plot to ensnare his helpless and imaginative countrymen for his own selfish and bloodthirsty lust. And what has been the result? They have been betrayed into the hands of a power-mad, fanatical band of notorious criminals, traitors and hired butchers. Behind them lie bleeding the dying forms of numberless innocent men. Behind them lie ruined the lives of beauti- ful maidens, of countless women and children. But why all this hor- ror and bloodshed? Who is at the head of all this? Is it a man with honest convictions? Is it a power that shall rule the future? . Is it a man that loves his fellowmen? Is it a man who will do all in his power to save his country from destruction? Is it a man who will lay down his life for his neighbor? No, it is Lenine, a being who cares only for himself; a typical Judas Iscariot who betrays those who trust in him. This is the blood- thirsty monster who is destroying all the sacred conceptions of man- kind. This is the synonym for hypocrisy, bribery and betrayal. This is Bolshevism. This is Lenine. But thank God the days of Bol- shevism are drawing to a close in Russia. True "that great land will soon bury it and seal its grave with a tombstone to mark its ignominy. Its memory will linger in the minds of the people as a great nightmare ; as an evil era ; as an epoch to which they will never want to return." Then will the days of Lenine be over. Then will come the dawn of a brighter, more glorious day. Then will each patriotic voice in the spirit of Webster, say: "When my eyes shall be turned to behold, for the last time the sun in Heaven, may I not see him shining on the broken and dishonored fragments of a once glorious Union : on states dissevered, discordant, belligerent: on a land rent with civil feuds or drenched it may be in fraternal blood." Oh Lord of Hosts forbid that this land of thine should ever suffer from the oppressions of an outrageous tyrant. "Let my last feeble and lingering glance rather behold the gorgeous ensign of the Republic" borne by a man like Lin- coln, "with malice towards none, with charity for all." — Clarence B. Sollenberger Taylor — Say, how do you spell "solely?" Senior Girl— Why! "s-o-l-l-y," of course. Who can guess the other girl? Prof. Nye — Name some of the uses of the telephone in a rural community. H. Wenger — If there are any so- cial arrangements to be made the telephone comes in handy. Are you talking from experi- ence? OUR COLLEGE TIMES 6T Mr. Baiim, in translating in Cicero, said. "Therefore he won for himself so great love by the motion of his 'corps.' " He meant "body." "If you would make good you must understand that the work which counts is the work in hand — it's the thing you've done that shows what you can, not the bigger and better things you plan. The work you do NOW must be done right if you reach your goal or your utmost height — so keep your aim but watch your step, doing your part each day with pep — for it's not what you do but how you do it that counts in making good." When Miss Taylor was a little girl she paid very good attention while the following scripture was being read at family worship. Gal.- 6:7, "Be not deceived; God is not mocked; for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap." After the scripture was read Ruth innocently went to her mother and said "Mamma, now will you have to "rip" all my dresses that you sewed?" E. Wenger — (Buying ribbon of the class colors) "You may give me a yard of ribbon." (Picking it up and turning to a classmate said) "Do you think that will go around my head?" "Nature plays no favorites in ap- portioning her day-time. The sun rises at the appointed hour for all alike and thus gives every man an equal start with his fellow-workers. Time is divided into past, present and future — with the future stead- ily shifting over to the past like the hands of a clock, and when it passes the ever present, is the time to think, act, and work — making ev- ery minute of the present count to insure the pleasant vision of a suc- cessful past." Although Mr. Sollenberger has never taken type-writing he is quite an expert in the business. He has a typewriter in his room and he says that he gets up such speed by times that he has to throw water on his machine to cool it. "The only Pessimism that is justi- fied is that which comes from a feeling that you have not been square with yourself in the effort you put forth. Any man who can sum up his day's work with a feeling of self- satisfaction that he has put in his best licks can lie on his couch at night with a good, clear conscience and has a right to expect only the best outcome from his work." The students are frequently greeted in the morning by a large dish of what they call "calfmeal."" How we pity the one who serves and has to break the rule in serving all alike because the biggest calf nearly always wants the most meaL. Mr. Herr — (Observing a table of new students) "That table talks much more than it used to ; Oh, T mean the people at the table." 68 OUR COLLEGE TIMES W. S. SMITH, President PETER N. RUTT, Vice Pres. AARON H. Martin, Cashier U. S. DEPOSITORY EUZABETHTOWN NATIONAL BANK CAPITAL $100,000.00 SURPLUS & PROFITS 132,000.00 General Accounts Solicited Interest Paid On Special Deposits Safe Deposit Boxes For Rent DIRECTORS: W. S. Smith • Elmer W. Strickler Peter N. Rutt F. W. Groff J. S. Risser B. L. Geyer E. C. Ginder Amos P. Coble E. E. Coble >OOOOOOOOOOOeXXX300000000CXX>0000000000000000000000000000000000< EUZABETHTOWN EXCHANGE BANK Now Occupies Its New Bank Building Safety Deposit Boxes for Rent t'ays Interest on Time Deposits Solicits Your Patronage Savings Department OFFICERS A. G. HEISEY, President ALLEN A. COBLE, Vice Pres. J. H. ESHLEMAN, Cashier B. H. Greider M. K, Forney W. A. Withers A. C. Fridy mwm mm'BjMmm wmm ^mm Volume XVI Number 10 EDITORIAL STAFF Editor-in-Chief I. S. Hoffer Associate Editor Ezra Wenger Departmental Editor H. H. Nye Alumni Editor J. G. Meyer Eeligious News Contributor Sara Shisler Society News Contributor Ada G. Young School News Contributors \ t> ' j ttt I Raymond Wenger Business Manager H. A. Via Assistant Business Manager A. C. Baugher Our College Times is published month y during the Academic year by Elizabeth- town College. This paper will have to be discontinued as soon as the time of subscription expires as an action of the United States legislature. Please renew in time and report any change of address to the business manager. Subscription rates one dollar per year; fifteen cents per copy; six subscriptions $5.00. Entered as second-class matter April 19, 1909, at the Elizabethtown PostoflSce. Retrospect Another school year has just closed. As we look back upon the year's work we may recount a num- ber of events which show that Eliza- bethtown College has made a signi- ficant contribution to the cause of Christian education. Our Endowment Campaign has been progressing in an encouraging manner. A suc- cessful Bible Institute and Training School was conducted during the year. The total enrollment for the year was larger than during any previous year and the largest class in the history of the school was graduated this year. These are a few of the tangible things to which one may refer. The intangible, im- measurable, spiritual results can not be set down in any enumeration but every student who has been in this environment during the year and has made the most of his op- portunity has carried something with him from Elizabethtown Col- OUR COLLEGE TIMES lege which can never be effaced, which has become a part of himself to guide and strengthen in the tasks ahead. Our Boys It is true that | practically every mother is proud of her boy. She believes in him and believes that there is none other like him. She has him for a standard among all boys and she grades others in pro- portion as they measure up to her son. Every parent who had a boy at Elizabethtown College this year can well be proud of him because they "made good" in more ways than one. One can not do justice to any of them unless one deals with them personally, but since that is impos- sible here we can only speak about things in general and as a whole, which is however nothing more than the sum total of the personali- ties of all the boys. More than one person has said during the year, "We have never had a better group of boys." The remarkable thing that first claims one's attention is the avidity and the aptness with which each boy fitted himself or allowed himself to be fitted into the group. It is an art for boys who come from such vastly different localities, as our group represents, to allow them- selves to be assimilated into the group with an almost negligible amount of friction. If boys can do this thing at a school where they are crowded together as they were here, it is a more than ordinary inci- dent and altho it may not attract the attention of many, yet to the more than casual observer there are revealed a number of traits which are indicative to the kind of homes they come from, and are pro- phetic because of what any one can feel sure to expect of them in the future. Not only is the quality of "fitting in" admirable but the ability and desire to change conditions if per- chance they are not good, is also worth noting. This is one of the things which the boys of Elizabeth- town College surely have done. Many good things have they started and many things that were ques- tionable or undesirable were done away with. In athletics the boys, although they have no match games with any outside teams, have learned to play clean and wholesome games. Not until this year have the boys as a whole taken so much active part in the games on the "Diamond, "" "Court" or "Gym." In throwing down wrongs or building up the right a mere sug- gestion was sufficient to cause a number to take up the matter and see it thru to the finish. The organization among the boys known as, "The Young Men's Wel- fare Association," was a complete success. It was conducive of getting the group to act in a body as soon as the reasonableness of a project was laid before them. The spiritual life of every boy who was here seems to haVe been quickened or revived. Many of them were not used to pray daily or in company with others as they had OUR COLLEGE TIMES occasion to do here. O ! the joy that many and really most of the boys experienced when they got into such intimate relationship with Christ that they could go to Him unabashed and unhindered, no mat- ter who knew or who saw. Will any one ever forget the prayer groups in which personal things were discussed and then prayed for? Will any boy ever forget the "morning watch" which meant getting up at least thirty minutes earlier, when "staying in" would have been easier and in the stillness of the mornng talk to God and listen to God? Will any boy ever forget the Sunday morning service in Music Hall where there was no leader but the Holy Spirit? Yes, the boys have "made good" and have set for themselves standards of which they need not be ashamed. But still there is room for im- provement, just the little things but they count for so much. And to those who come back remains the task of perpetuating and raising the standards of this year. Mothers and fathers if you have any more boys, send them so that they may help others and others may help them to see life in a big way and to face life with Christ in their hearts. — E. W. Endowment Campaign Notes On January 2, 1919 there was in- augurated a forward movement in the interests of Elizabethtown Col- lege. It was then that the joint board of trustees of Eastern and Southern Pennsylvania assumed the control and management of the col- lege. In this meeting the policies for the immediate future of the col- lege were determined. It was evident that the future of the school was doomed unless the college would be standardized ac- cording to the laws of the state. There are two requirements made in this particular statute: (1) the college shall have assets invested in buildings, equipment, and endow- ment to the amount of $500,000 (2) the college shall have at least six professors devoting all of their time to college work. At first thought he task seemed IMPOSSIBLE. The solicitors are now over more than half the field and have found the task | DIFFI- CULT. But judging from the suc- cess of the work on the whole thus far it is evident that the task will be DONE. A house to house canvass has been made in thirty-five congrega- tions representing a membership of nearly seven thousand. These con- gregations have contributed a total of nearly $270,000 of which amount nearly one-third is paid in. With five thousand members still to be seen, we feel confident that the goal will be reached. Of these thirty-five congrega- tions the following have gone over their quotas: Peach Blossom, 102 per cent.; Upper Conewago, 105 OUR COLLEGE TIMES per cent; Codorus, 106 per cent.; Annville, 112 per cent.; Carlisle, 112 per cent.; Hanover, 115 per cent.; Spring Creek, 118 per cent.; Harrisbiirg, 127 per cent. ; Spring- field, 129 per ce;fit. ; Marsh Creek, 142 per cent.; Antietam, 155 per cent.; Schuylkill, 162 per cent.; York, 168 per cent. ; Another third of the congregations are within sev- eral hundred dollars of their quotas, and the remaining third have fallen below their quotas. The work in the Codorus Congre- gation, York County was inspiring. Elder J. H. Keller, one of our loyal trustass and also a former in- structor in the institution, directed the work in his end of the congre- gation. Elder D. Y. Brillhart who has charge of this large congrega- tion also assisted in the canvass. Elder S. B. Myer, one of the pa- trons of the school, was along most of the time. Others assisted for shorter periods of time. This congregation is strictly a ru- ral district with a large percentage of its members engaged in trucking and market gardening. Some more students will hail from this congre- gation next year. Professor Schlos- ser. Professor Laban W. Leiter, of Waynesboro and Bro. Jacob E. Myers of Hanover, all of whom are graduates of the school had the privilege of attending the love feast in this congregation on Sun- day evening, May 30. We feel that our congregations are awakening more and more to the need of Christian Education, and are confident that the remain- ing congregations will not suffer a defeat in the work so nobly begun. It required more faith in the be- ginning of the campaign for con- gregations and individuals, and con- sequently we must guard against any laxity in our efforts as solicitors and congregations lest we forget to lean upon the Lord as we have thus far done. By our united prayers and efforts we will accomplish our task. There is no reason why we should not be able to give our children the best educational facilities to be had. We have about one-eighth of our entire brotherhood standing back of us, with thousands of others in the plain sects in our school terri- tory who are patronizing us. Then there are many others who desire a school for their children where the dance, card playing, foot ball, in- ter-collegiate athletics, secret so- cieties, hazing, the use of tobacco, profanity, etc., are not tolerated. We stand for the maintenance of a Christian standard of living in ac- cordance with all the specific and general teachings of Christ and the apostles. Were it not for the dire need of schools of this type we would have no reason for extending our work. We feel the church and our community earnestly de- sire this noble work to go on. We hope to complete our cam- paign this winter. Then we shall take steps for the procuring of a state charter giving us the right to graduate students in the college course. We are hoping to have our new building ready for occupancy this fall, and trust the Science Hall and Ladies Dormitory will also soon OUR COLLEGE TIMES grace our campus and give us the much needed recitation and dormi- tory rooms. Many young people will be visited this summer and we trust the new and old buildings will be completely filled on September 6, when the fall term opens. Young people, this is a rare privilege you have of entering the doors of a Christian institution of learning. The influences of a school of this type will help you in all your rela- tions in life, will give you an en- joyment which can never be taken from you, and fit you in this life for a fuller appreciation of the great world beyond. Do not only talk about going to school. Take hold of yourself and GO. The call of Christ for men and women is for those who have ac- quired a specific training under wholesome Christian influences, such as Elizabethtown College af- fords. The solicitors are all planning to attend Conference. On their re- turn the District of Southern Penn- sylvania will be canvassed to a finish. Four congregations remain : Lower Conewago, Upper Cumber- land, Ridge and Pleasant Hill. If these make their quota the South- ern District as a whole will reach their goal. May every former student, and every one who has contributed to- ward the college, aim to induce one or more students to enter Elizabeth- town College this fall. This year's graduating class numbered fifty. But we hope this coming year will be the banner year for the institu- tion. Everyone who desires an education, desires it much, and wants it very much, will be able to get it. If you want to know more about this write to the president of the institution. — R. W. S. American College Education America's ruling passion is for education. Almost all the people share it. The laws of all the states require some school attendance. Our total investment in school plants, elementary and higher, ex- ceeds $3,500,000,000. We spend for education annually $1,000,000,- 000. The rate of increase in school en- rollment is many times greater than the increase in population. There is an unprecedented attendance at our schools, with the exception of normal schools, this first year since the World War. In itself, education is neither good nor bad. It becomes one or the other in accordance with its content and motive. William Von Humboldt, the first Prussian min- ister of education, with Hegel, Treitschke, Nietzsche and others used education to create, maintain and strengthen Prussian militarism. Education so used is like a sharp, two-edged sword threatening the life of the world. Christian England and America use education to establish and de- fend the ideals of liberty, justice and righteousness. It was educa- tion in the service of these ideals which overcame the menace of a 8 OUR COLLEGE TIMES prostituted education and gave modern civilization another chance. This passion, this investment, this high motive, brings to the churches a responsibility unique and heavy. American education and all its pro- cesses must be Christianized. We must make our people good as well as wise, powerful and rich. The churches must implant in the hearts and consciences of their members and of all our people the funda- mental truth that "the soul of edu- cation is the education of the soul." The spirit of the Master Teacher must be present in our scnools. American education stands at its greatest door of opportunity. But it must not delay. Now is the mo- ment for occupancy and realization. In the educational program the college is central in its relationships and pre-eminent in importance. It imposes conditions on the educa- tional processes which precede it and largely determines those which follow. The completion of the col- lege course and the winning of the baccalaureate degree bring the stu- dent to the moment when, in an im- portant sense, childish things are put away and he becomes a man. He came to college a boy; he leaves college ready, at least, to begin to be a man. During the years immediately preceding college entrance the boy's life was like a fertile seed-bed which receives whatever is cast by the sower, whether good or bad. In this respect the years of adoles- cence, including those usually de- voted to college preparation, de- serve more careful attention than the college years. It is better economy to win now the seed than to pluck out the tares from the growing wheat. Whatever the seed sowing may have been the freshman enters upon a new experience. The horizon of childhood and early youth lifts and reveals long vistas of life and endeavor reaching into the dim distance. Purposes vaguely felt begin to take form and urgency. Ideals dimly seen become guiding stars. During four years the boy, about to become a man, is finding his place in the scheme of things. He is relating himself to the long past of human history and begin- viing to think forward into the un- known future. He is articulating himself with the web of present day life and beginning to concern him- self with its tangles and troubles. Out of it all there begins to emerge and take form whatever solid sub- stance and structure of manhood he is to possess and this process we call the formation of character. It is the chief business of the college. It is here that the destiny of the Re- public is largely determined. The conditions and influences of College life are, or should be formed in view of the objective which has just been stated. Some one has said that the most im- portant part of the university is its library ; but the most important part of the college is its faculty. The epigram points to a clear dis- tinction between the two different stages of study. The university student is seeking truth or acquir- ing skill. The college student, con- sciously or unconsciously, is seeking culture of mind, heart, and will. OUR COLLEGE TIMES The means in either stage of study should be adapted to the end. Libraries and laboratories with scholars in charge will constitute the necessary equipment of the uni- versity. Teachers full of faith and enthusiasm are the sine qua non of the college. As flame kindles flame, so the genius for living is kindled in the heart of the student who is so fortunate as to find great teachers. **He fixed my destiny in life" said Thomas JeflFerson of William and Mary College. Many great teachers in our American colleges have guided thousands of earnest students into paths of service and honor. Recognition of the gifts of the col- leges to the life of the nation prompted a recent' editorial writer to say of the college : "They are the fountain heads of patriotism ; the life springs of national courage and devotion ; the inspiration of the peo- ple ; the sacred shrines of the ideals and the abnegations, which far more than her material prowess, make a nation great." — From the World Survey. Commencement Baccalaureate Sunday The exercises of Commencement Week began with the sermon to the graduating class on Sunday, May 30, at 7:30 P. M. Preceding this service the class conducted the Christian Workers Meeting when several of their number told in an inspiring way of the benefits to be found in the religious activities af- forded at Elizabethtown College. The usual custom of having the seniors take charge of the last regu- lar mid-week prayer meeting was also followed this year. President H. K. Ober delivered the sermon to the graduates on the theme, ''Remember Jesus Christ." The discourse abounded with prac- tical suggestions to these young people who have now gone out in the world to find their places and to do their work. Musical Program A very excellent musical pro- gram, an annual Commencement feature, was rendered on Monday evening of Commencement week. The program was under the direc- tion of Mrs. H. A. Via and Miss Lore Brenisholtz of the music de- partment of the college. The creditable manner in which every number on the program was ren- dered speaks very highly of the thorough and painstaking instruc- tion given by Mrs. Via and Miss Brenisholtz. The audience was well pleased and attentively ap- preciative. The program was as follows: Part 1 — Reverie, Behr, Misses Mildred Meyer, Charlotte Kob; The Bird's Lullaby, Read, Miss Mildred Meyer; Nature's Song, OHara, Miss Mildred Gish ; The Brooklet, Ryder, Miss Floy Schlosser; Hearts and Flowers, To- 10 OUR COLLEGE TIMES bani. Miss Kathryn Stauffer; The Bird's Farewell, Read, Miss Myrle Ziig; Bolero, Streabbog, Misses Elizabeth Garber, Mary Buch, Mil- dred Meyer; Good Morning, Brother Sunshine, Lehman, Louise Jeter; Melody in F, Rubinstein, Misses Esther Kreps, 1st Piano; Emma Zeigler, 2nd Piano; Revel of the Wood Nymphs, Barbour, Miss Elizabeth Garber; The Gypsy Trail, Galloway, Messrs. Royer, Meyer, Wenger, Baugher; Valse Arabes- que, Lack, Miss Helen Hostetter. Part II — Fantasia Brilliante from "Martha," Beyer, Misses Edith Wit- mer Anna Keller, Helen Hostetter; (a) Mother, Oley Speaks, (b) Beau- tiful Land of My Dreams, Blount, (c) Go, Ye Messengers, Heyser, Mr. Ephraim Meyer; March Militaire von Schubert, Wagner, Misses Edith Witmer, Helen Hostetter, 1st Piano, Misses Kathryn Stauffer, Anna Enterline, 2nd Piano; (a) At Dawning, Cadman, (b) Love's Sor- row, Shelley, (c) If I Were King, Armitage, Ephraim Meyer; Les Sylphes, Bachman, Misses Edith Witmer, Anna Keller, Helen Hos- tetter, 1st Piano, Misses Kathryn Stauffer, Anna Enterline, Eliza- beth Witmer, 2nd Piano. Commercial Program The following program was ren- dered by the graduates of the Com- mercial Departemnt on Tuesday evening, June 1, 1920, in the Col- lege chapel: Invocation, Rev. J. G. Meyer; Pianologue, Lydia Landis; Girls Reading Club, Misses Drohan, Spangler, Snavely; Oration, Per- sonal Efficiency, Paul Zug; Piano Solo, Gondolieri, Nevin, Kathryn Stauffer; Oration, Commercial Edu- cation and Business Training, Em- mert McDannel; Star of the Night; Foreman, Ladies Glee Club; Dia- logue, A Saturday Morning in An Office. Participants — Office Boy, Elvin Baker; Mr. Smith (a caller), Paul Zug; Miss Harris (secretary), Alta Heisey; Dorothy (clerk), Hulda Holsinger; Office Manager, John Herr; Mr. Grouch, (Pres. of B.), J. Vernon Good; Mr. Colby, (a cal- ler), Ralph Frey; Miss Vivian Jam- ison, (applicant), Reba Ream; Miss Brown, (applicant), Nettie Wag- ner; Mr. Floorwalker, Mark Ba- shore. The various numbers presented portrayed the year's activities among the commercial students. The usual custom of inviting a speaker on this occasion was dis- pensed with this year and the dialogue was given instead. By a special arrangement of the rostrum a scene representing an inner and an outer office was presented. The activities and duties of office prac- tice were carried out by the partici- pants and the conversations pre- sented the value of perseverance, thorough training and careful at- tention to duty as qualities to be developed and sought by any one who aspires to a business calling. Class Day Class Day exercises were held on Wednesday afternoon at 2:00 P. M. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 11 Promptly at the time appointed the class filed into the chapel and took their places on the rostrum. After the address of welcome by the pres- ident of the class, Mr. Henry Wenger, the class history was read by Miss Ethel Wenger, The class poet, Mr. Clarence Sollenberger, then recited the class poem. Mr. Daniel Baum, in a pessimistic speech, tried to give everyone the "blues" of Elizabethtown College but the optimist. Miss Ada Douty, counteracted his influence by the cheerful pictures of school life which she presented. The futures of the various members of the class were disclosed by the class prophets, Mr. John Herr and Miss Sarah Royer, who presented the in- formation they had gathered, in an interesting dialogue. The presenta- tion of gifts to the school was made by Miss Letha Spangler. The class very generously presented the school with six lawn seats, two drinking fountains and two books on Birds and Flowers. Prof. Ober acknowledged these gifts in behalf of the Trustees and Faculty of the College. After Miss Hulda Hol- singer had made known the "last ' will and testament" of the class of 1920, Miss Ella Boaz interpreted very skilfully in pantomime the hymn, "Lead Kindly Light." A mixed quartette furnished two se- lections of music during the pro- gram. The exercises closed with the singing of the class song. The class roll follows: Henry Wenger, Pres. ; Daniel S. Baum, V. Pres.; Ada G. Young, Sec. ; Clarence Sollenberger, Treas. ; Ephraim M. Hertzler, David Markey, K. Mildred Baer, Ruth C. Taylor, Martha G. Young, Ada Douty, Ethel B. Wenger, Eva B. Arbegast, Clarence Ebersole, Lester N. Myer, Sarah G. Royer, J. Mark M. Bashore, Emmert B. MacDan- nel, Hulda Hlosinger, John Harold Herr, Alta M. Heisey, J. Herman Good, Lydia M. Landis, Geneivieve Drohan, Elsie Snavely, Letha Spangler, Nettie L. Wagner, Elvin Baker, Ralph R. Fry, Paul Zug, Esther M. Kreps, Ella C. Boaz, Ed- win F. Rinehart, Paul Schwenk, Myra Bohn. Colors — Heliotrope and Violet. Motto — Rather to be, than to seem. Flower — iPansy, Commencement The Eighteenth Annual Com- mencement was held at 9:00 A. M., June 3, in the College Chapel. This room, with the adjoining available space, was completely filled by the friends and relatives of the mem- bers of the class. The program fol- lows : Invocation, Eld. I. W. Taylor ; Sing Ye Jehovah's Praises, Seward, Chorus Class; The Three Abilities, Martha G. Young, East Petersburg, Pa. ; The Virtue of Intolerance, Clarence Ebersole, Elizabethtown, Pa.; The Dew Is On The Clover. Combs, Ladies Glee Club; Vessels Unto Honor, Eva V. Arbegast, Me- chanicsburg. Pa.; Whosoever Will, K. Mildred Baer, Waynesboro, Pa.; The Heavens Are Telling (Crea- tion) Haydn, Chorus Class; Ad- dress, Dr. Franklin Schlegel, Read- ing, Pa.; Presentation of Diplomas, Offering, Farewell to Thee, Earle, 12 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Male Quartette, Benediction, Eld. S. H. Hertzler. In his address, Dr. Schlegel em- phasized the social aspect of hu- man life. He used a familiar figure to present his theme, comparing our social life to a chain composed of many links. No man lives for him- self alone but is an integral part of the whole, yet, as the strength of the chain is no greater than that of its weakest link, so the strength of the social order, in the last analysis, depends upon the individual char- acter. Vacation Notes Miss Lore Brenisholtz will teach instrumental music town, Greencastle, Waynesboro, Pa. in her home Pa., also at Profs. Ober, Meyer, Schlosser, Eld. I. W. Taylor, and Mr. Ezra Wenger will attend Annual Confer- ence. Eld. Taylor is a member of the Standing Committee. Prof. Nye will spend his summer at his home at Elizabethtown, from which place he will make numer- ous trips in pursuance of his duties as District Sunday School Secretary. Prof. Hoffer and Mr. A. C. Baugher will spend part of their summer at the Columbia Summer School pursuing courses of study. Prof. Hoffer will study Psychology; Mr. Baugher, Physical Science. Miss Myer will spend part of va- cation at her home at Bareville, Misses Crouthamel, Brubaker, Shisler, Martz, Kilhefner, Hess, and Bonebrake will also he at their homes, respectively, for the sum- mer. Several members of the faculty will spend part of their time look- ing up new students or assisting in the Endowment Campaign. Prof. Meyer will spend the greater part of the summer in the field, in the interests of the Gibbel Fund. Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Via will spend the summer in their home at Elizabethtown. The Taylors re- main at the College during the greater part of the summer; Eld. Taylor is the head of the Building Committee which has charge of the buildings now being erected. Religious Notes At the opening of each school year the atmosphere and Christian training of about one hundred homes begins to fuse and blend on College Hill. Altho the teachers are here to direct the activities, yet the home standards and individual ideals are the basis on which the year's work is built. Some students come with high Christian deals. They have attended church services from childhood ; prayer has become OUR COLLEGE TIMES 13 a habit and privilege, and service is a joy. These are ready to step into our religious activities and add an impetus from the beginning. At the close of school they leave with a year of Christian growth. There are others who catch the ideal sometime during the year and they leave with new motives, changed horizons, and some real Christian experience. Our student body has supported the religious activities well this year. The prayer meeting leaders have all done their best to make our meetings worthwhile. Many stu- dents responded with a message when asked to discuss a topic. Even tho the students are required to at- tend, they come in a spirit of eager- ness and worship. Each Wednes- day evening truly is a source of re- freshment and strength. Every Sunday morning those who wish to attend go to Music Hall for a Voluntary testimony meeting. No one is appointed to take charge and no topics are assigned. Those present sing, speak, read a poem, and pray as the Spirit di- rects. Many heart messages are given and sacred memories cluster around our Sunday morning altar. For a number of years evening prayer meetings have been held on the hall. These have proved a good way to begin the evening's work. When the morning watch was started its success in respect to attendance seemed certain. Both the young men and young women foresaw its value and entered into it to make it one of the essential parts of each day's program. The attendance is not one hundred per cent., but those who attend and de- vote each day's best time and energy to sincere worship know that meet- ing God in the cool of the day adds a fragrance that makes the day, bigger, brighter, and more useful because of the experience. All of these meetings have by far more than an inspirational and character binding value. They are practical training in church leader- ship. The student who appreciates this opportunity goes out better pre- pared to work in his home church. The one who lets them pass by looks back with many regrets. No young person - with an op- portunity of attending a church school can afford to miss the train- ing afforded by the religious ac- tivities. Just as you cannot dream yourself into character you cannot dream yourself into being a leader. Hearing the world's best orator im- parts no oratory to the listener. Spending hours looking at a paint- ing does not make one an artist. Hearing the best music makes no one a musician. These all leave their impress and inspire but if that is not expressed in action it too is lost. If Ernest in the "Great Stone Face" had just looked and not lived he would not have become the noble man he was. Yes, he worshipped his ideal but he practiced it in daily life and in the practice he became like it. Every student comes to Col- lege with some ideal for the future. Perhaps it's high but maybe it needs to be hitched to a higher star. Whatever it is, the intervening space must be traversed by prac- tical experience. A Christian stu- dent in a Christian College, no mat- 14 OUR COLLEGE TIMES ter what his calling, must prepare to serve God with his talents de- veloped to their full power. Choose to come next year, then choose ev- ery opportunity for making your- self more efficient in His kingdom. The Student Volunteers It is a fact that most people do not support a movement or organi- zation that is new and untried. Four years ago when the Student Volunteers at Elizabethtown Col- lege organized some people stood aloof and immediately placed the Volunteers in a class by themselves. Others feared the results of such dreaming and still others were neutral, being indifferent to the out- come. The people thruout the two Districts knew nothing about the movement. That group of students with the firm conviction of having done the right thing and with a bright hope for a large sphere of usefulness be- gan their work by letting their in- fluence go out among the student body. Since that time the number has grown each year. The Volun- teer Band has been a growing fac- tor in the life and activites of the school. Students, not Volunteers, are interested and attend the week- ly meetings. The Faculty sees the effect of its work and now also is a source of support and inspiration. When several Volunteers, soon after the first organization, with a prophetic outlook said that the Elizabethtown Volunteers are go- ing to foster and propagate a mis- sionary spirit thruout the Eastern District by getting in touch with the local churches, people considered it impractical. Today the District knows the Volunteers as coworkers because they have been in most of the congregations and by the help of God have done their best to be of service in His Kingdom. To get together and discuss the big things concerning the work in which all true Christians must be vitally in- terested is a force that unites and that makes understanding possible. The term ends with thirty-two Volunteers in school. Sixteen of these are definitely planning to go to the foreign field. Fourteen have joined the ranks during the year. Thirty seven programs have been given in the churches of the Eastern and Southern districts. Those who have been on the various teams are richer for the ex- perience. Thej^ brought back in- spiration and a stronger purpose to serve God with their whole heart, mind and strength. The motive for going has been a factor both direct- ly and indirectly in helping the kingdom of God to come into the hearts of men and women here and in the uttermost parts of the earth. Any good that has been done be- longs to Him thru whose strength all things worth while are done. The school year of 1919-20 has been one of work and blessing. We dare say that our future has far greater things for us than have yet been realized. But with the prayers and cooperation of the churches, with an eye that sees op- portunities and an ear that hears His voice, with the Spirit that OUR COLLEGE TIMES 15 makes all things posible, and with a ing forth to do bigger things in the willingness to do God's will what- future. Our golden age of service ever and wherever it is, we are go- is just dawning. — S, C. S. J^ J"^3 T^=? rc:^ I 1T1E.tr The K. L. S. has finished another year's work with more efficiency than ever before. The enrollment is larger than ever and we hope it shall ever grow as years come and go. The last programs rendered were as follows: Pennsylvania Program May 15, 1920 Select reading, Amos Meyer; Natural Resources of our State, Ammon Gettel ; Vocal Solo, A Fin- land Love Song, John Bechtel; Pennsylvania's Great Educators, L. Anna Schwenk; Essay, Loyalty to our State, Elizabeth Trimmer; Music, Piano Duet, Anna Enterline and Emma Ziegler, Critic's Re- marks. Current Events Program May 22, 1920 Select Reading, Letha Spangler; Vocal Solo, My Laddie, Minerva Reber; Who Will Win the Pennant in 1920, Raymond Wenger; Present Status of the Peace Negotiations, Enos Weaver; Piano Duet, Misses enterline and Kreps; Critic's Re- marks. — A. G. Y. Alumni Notes Wednesday of Commencement Week was Alumni Day when many of the former graduates of the school returned to renew friend- ships. The Alumni luncheon was held in the dining room at five o'clock. The room was crowded to its utmost capacity. The Executive committee, A. C. Baugher, '17, E. G. Meyer, '19 and Ezra Wenger, '18, deserve much credit for the splendid services rendered. The Luncheon was thoroughly enjoyed by all. During the Luncheon John M. Miller, '05 served as Toastmas- ter. Practically all the classes were 16 OUR COLLEGE TIMES present. A representative or more from each class responded with a toast. A very pleasant social time was spent together. Toasts and conversations were indicative of deep seated loyalties in the hearts of all our Alumni. We shall ever remember this annual event with much pleasure. After the Luncheon, the Alumni Association held a short business session. The new organization ef- fected was as follows: President, J. Z. Herr, '05; First Vice President, E.G.Meyer, '19; Second Vice Presi- dent, E. M. Hertzler, '20 ; Third Vice President, Henry Wenger, '20; Recording Secretary, Floy Crout- hamel, '10; Corresponding Secre- tary, Martha Martin, '09; Treas- urer, D. L. Landis, '05; Executive Committee, J. I. Baugher, '19, Em- ma Cashman Wampler, '09, J. G. Meyer, '05; Solicitor-Treasurer, James H. Breitigan, '05 ; Nominat- ing Committee, Mary Hess Reber, '05, Lillian G. Becker, '14, L. W. Leiter, '14. A telegram was received from this year's president, B. F. Waltz, '09, that it was impossible for him to be present. The Association appointed Rev. S. P. Sumpman, '11, as chairman of the public program, which oi!ice he filled with much credit. His well chosen words of welcome added much to the spirit of the meeting. Elder E. M. Wen- ger, Trustee, conducted the invoca- tion. Prof. H. K. Ober, presented the new class , thirty-four in number every one of whom joined the As- sociation. Miss Irene Wise, '11, the reader of the evening, splendidly recited "Welcome, Sweet Day of Rest," Rev. H. L. Smith, '09, returned mis- sionary from Sahassa, Bhogalpur, B. N. Wn. Ry., India, gave a pro- found address on the subject "Deep Crieth Unto Deep." The male quartet of the College, ren- dered several very excellent selec- tions. There was a large and apprecia- tive audience present at the public meeting of the Association, which contributed much to the success of this meeting. The Alumni, numbering more than three hundred and fifty, mani- fest a spirit of sacrifice and good will that is very encouraging. Many of the Alumni have contributed very liberally to the Student- Alumni Hall that is in the process of erection on the College Campus at this writing. We have every reason to hope for great things from this noble body of our loyal friends. —J. G. M. OUR COLLEGE TIMES 17 School Notes The following announcement was seen on the bulletin board one morning. All out for the Leap Year Party, Saturday 8.00 A. M., Music Hall, under the auspices of the GIRLS' CLUB. The time appointed for the event came and passed but no party. Come around ye lasses, where is your get-up. Do they need a new calendar or where is there initiative ? How did you like the Senior num- ber of "Our College Times." Pretty fine, eh? Tennis holds the stage in popu- larity just now. From three o'clock on, the tennis courts are occupied by happy boys and girls. The spring love feast of the Eliz- abethtown church was held May 16. The service was well attended and a deep interest was manifested by all. Prof. Ober in Methodology. "The people in Schiller's time must have put their hair up in puffs." Silence. A few seats creaked noticeably in the front row. The work on the new buildings is progressing as rapidly as pos- sible. It is hoped that they will be ready for occupancy by the opening of the fall term. Three of our own number have lately been called to the ministry. Prof. Hoffer and Mr. Ezra Wenger were called by the Elizabethtown Church and Mr. Clarence Sollen- berger by the Carlisle Church. The base ball season was short owing to weather conditions. How- ever, eight games were played by the first teams and seven games by the scrubs. The first teams are dead locked by a tie. This number will find students and teachers at their homes. Work for the summer will be in progress and yet we know their thoughts will often come to College Hill and the happy days we spent together. The funeral services of little Marion Nye, daughter of Prof, and Mrs. H. H. Nye, was attended by a large number of students. The en- tire family has our deepest sym- pathy in this bereavement. Quite a bit of interest was aroused on May 15 when an air- plane landed in a field near the col- lege. Several of the students availed themselves of the oppor- tunity to take a ride. They say the sensation is delightful. i; OUR COLLEGE TIMES The students cf th French departments Miss Briibaker, enjo\ to the prostrate Jui May 15. Games and pla3'ed in th3 wcods boys made a fire marshmellows. Ma flowers were gathere deed an afternoon of English and laught by d an outing uper tree on contests were and after the they toasted ^ly beautiful j.. It was in- rare pleasure. columns. We know no one has been offended by our mild fun. Miss Mildred Baer recently had her parents and brother as her guests. The Senior class enjoyed a chicken and waffle supper at Mr. and Mrs. Monroe Hollinger's home on the evening of May 15. The table v/as loaded with good things and the Seniors did full justice to them. The trip was made in a large auto truck. Prof Hoffer and Mi:-s Crouthamel acted as chaperons. On Thursday, May 20 we had with us three county superinten- dents who examined the seniors in the Pedagogical Course. Dr. Fleischer from Lancaster Co., Prof. Snoke from Lebanon Co., and Prof. Stein from York Co., constituted the examining board. After the ex- aminations were completed they ad- dressed the entire student body in the chapel. They expressed them- selves as being very much pleased with our work. This will be the last issue pub- lished under the direction of this board of editors. The editors of this department want to thank all those who have contributed jokes or any items of interest to these £ome FavciliD Songs Around Coiles- Hi!l Miss Fenninger, "What a 'Baum' for the Weary"; Miss Gundrum, "He is "Abel" still to deliver me."; Miss Trimmer, "Till "We (two) Meet Again"; Steadies, "Mem- ories" ; Mr. Ober, "It's a long de- tour to Lititz but I'll get there" ; Everybody, "Home, Sweet Home"; Miss Spangler, "It is 'Good' to Be Here." On May 29 the Senior class en- joj^ed an outing along Chiques creek near Mount Joy. The trip was made by trolley to Mount Joy and the remaining distance was covered on foot. Two splendid meals were served at Mr. and Mrs. Eraybill and the food disappeared rapidly when tho=:,e Seniors began work on it. The day was ideal. Ev- erybody had a splendid time. With the end of this school year the Boys' Welfare Association has closed its first year as a successful organization among the boys. Its inception was brought about when, on the 2nd of February, the Pre- ceptor with a number of boys met and discussed the advisability of forming a club for the purpose of fostering a closer friendship and spirit of good will as well as pro- moting cooperation between the boys and the Faculty. The ques- tion was discussed fully when we OUR COLLEGE TIMES 19 decided to effect an organization; Jesse Reber was chosen temporary chairman. A public meeting of the boys was held on the 3rd of Febru- ary, at which time an organization was effected, which resulted in the election of Henry Wenger as presi- dent, Raymond Wenger as Vice President, Daniel Myers as Secre- tary, and John Herr as Treasurer. A committee was appointed to draw up a constitution. The pre- amble of the. constitution sets forth the aim as well as the purpose ; the preamble reads as follows: "To keep the boys united in one body by having regular meetings and occasional social gatherings thus fostering a spirit of brotherli- ness and helpfulnes^v to create a proper school spirit; to suggest and support such projects which will contribute toward a common good ; to maintain a proper attitude to- ward the faculty and management of this school ; and to support them in their efforts to build up the school in a Christian manner." The fondest hopes of the founders were exceeded by the work which the club is doing. It has the hearty support of the Faculty and the splendid spirit of friendli- ness and cooperation w^ould alone make its existence justifiable. The organigation recognizes the fact that boys are boys and that they want to have something tangible. To this end the boys had a banquet at the end of the Spring Term. On the 30th of April a social was given at which time a number of games were played, violin solos rendered and a paper, "Charity Noises," was read by Mr. Herr. The evening of the 27th day of May was the banner occasion of the year. A banquet was given by the boys, with Members of the Faculty as guests of honor. The scene of the occasion v/as on the campus under a triangle of trees. The weird shadows seemed like phantoms chasing about in the breeze, and added to the novelty of the oc- casion. The president, Henry Wen- ger, was toastmaster for the occas- ion. Prior to the banquet, Mr. Best and Mr. Eby gave an ori^'inal dia- logue depicting farm life with a ten year old school boy who torments his father in the evening. After a fitting toast by the toastm.aster three students resporided. Toasts were new givfn by th-s Professors who by their witty toasts gave thoughts that are worth our con- sideration. The tenor of the toasts voiced the general sentiment that a spirit of good will, cooperation and helpfulness existed between the students and the Faculty. Mr. Groff, the guest of Prof. Ober, told that prepared men are needed to fill the gaping ranks all about us. The menu of the evening was pretzels, Neopolitan ice cream, cake and fruit punch. On the 25th of May the new or- ganization was effected for the en- suing year. Daniel Myers, presi- dent; Clarence Holsopple, Vice President; John Sherman, Secre- tary; Jesse Reber, Treasurer. The students not coming back next year wish the new organization success. May the club be a great influence for good. — R. W. — E. V. A. 20 OUR COLLEGE TIMES Plain Clothing WATT & SHAND Centre Square LANCASTER, PA.