3 1833 01235 6231
/^:^^»-^^ •yyz.^e^^^ -^ .^^^ -T/i^V -^^^
A LITTLE ACCOUNT OF IT FOR MY
By Sarah Edwards Henshaw,
Members of Kasteni families, erowing up in the
West, often lose all positive knowledge of their
antecedents. As children, they have nothing to
remind them of unseen, unknown relatives, and
when the desire for such knowledge arises, there is
too often no one left to impart it. A young gentle-
man recently wrote to an elderly lady of my ac-
^ . quaintance: "lam going Kast; you knew my par-
-^ ents, and I beg you to tell me where to find my
^ Such considerations are mv inducement to leave
' behind me an account of our family connections,
,i for the use of my descendants. I shall not attempt
•* a genealogy, for this implies more accuracy in dates
' than I can command at this distance. But I can
^i ,, give a general outline of our family history, and
■^ can fill it up to a certain extent with facts and tra-
"Married. — March Sth, 1S49, at Harrisburg, Pa.,
Edward Carrington Henshaw to Sarah Kdwards
Tyler. The ceremony was performed by Rev.
Howland Coit, of St. Steplieu'.s Church." This
notice of the marriage of my husband and myself
suggests the subject of my story, viz.: my husband's
family and my own. I will begin with the former.
THl'. HHXSHAW FAMILY.
In the year 165,3 two little orphan brothers, named
Joshua and Daniel Heushaw, eleven and nine years
of age, set sail from Liverpool, where they had a
home and large possessions, to go, as they sup-
posed, to a school in London selected for them by
their guardian. I think few American Henshaws
will ever sail up the broad and beautiful Mersey,
past the splendid heights of Piirkenhead, into a
Liverpool dock, without thinking of these little
boys, the eldest of whom is the ancestor, as far as
known, of most of the Henshaws in America.
Their story is so remarkable, so suggestive of
the tale of the Babes in the Woods and the wicked
uncle that, were it not supported by indubitable
proof, it would inevitably be set down as a romance.
I, m\self, so considered it. long after I was a mem-
ber of the family, before looking into the evidence.
But truth is sometimes stranger than fiction.
There are now in existence two old escutcheons,
inherited from an English ancestry, records and
entries standing to-day on the books of the English
High Court of Chancery, and abundant documents
lying in the Herald's College at London, all of
which attest the truth of the story to be here re-
lated. This story has always been known in the
family, but it is only within the present century
that it has been established beyond a doubt.
As stated, the two little Henshaw boys came
over here in 1653. In the year 1844 Mr. John
Henshaw, of Boston, Mass., brother of Hon. David
K. Henshaw, Secretary of the Navy, requested a
nephew of his, who was about to sail for ICurope,
to look for some information of the Henshaw fam-
ily in the city of Liverpool, their former home.
This gentleman could learn nothing of his quest in
Liverpool, and concluded to try the Heralds Col-
lege in London, where the records of the English
gentry and nobility are stored up. There he found
a complete pedigree, and many other documents,
giving the informatiou desired. He obtaiued certi-
fied copies of these aud brought them home. The
original documents, of course, still lie in the Her-
ald's College, and will lie there while the English
nation lasts. ' •
Certified copies of these documents are now in
the possession of different branches of the family:
In Boston, in Montreal, and in California. In the
year 1S92 my son, William Griffith Henshaw, being
then in London, visited the Herald's College aud
obtaiued official copies, which lie before me as I
The Henshaws came originally from a Cheshire
family, known as "Henshaws of Henshaw." They
were a county family of such consideration that (to
quote from the Herald's document) "there, in St.
Sylvester's Church in the city of Chester, and in
many other places, their arms remain."
One branch of this family went northward into
Lancashire, where they were known as the Hen-
shaws of Derby and of Toxter (or Toxteth) Park.
This branch has its sole representatives in the
American Henshaws. Another branch is found in /
Sussex and other Southern counties, and in the
city of London. In 15S7 William Henshaw, of this
branch, was buried in Worth, in the County of
Sussex. "His funeral was attended by the Heralds,
and after the ceremony the hatchments were hung
up in the church. His ancestors :vere of Cheshire."
I quote from the official documents spoken of.
Some of this ("Southern ) branch were admitted to
the Inner Temple; some went into the Church. One
was a Canou of Chichester Cathedral, and Lord
Bishop of Peterborough. Some lived in Devon:
some in London.
How it came to be assured that the Henshaws of
Cheshire, Lancashire and Sussex were of the same
family is quite curious. It all turned upon the x
family arms. \
As explained on page 11, the Lancashire Hen-
shaws had the family arms confirmed to them by
Royal Commission. These were the same arms as
those borne by the Iletishavvs of Cheshire: now
the Herald's College expressly states that the an-
cestors of the Sussex or the South of England
Henshaws "zcei-e of Cheshire."
Soon after our Revolution Joseph Henshaw, of
Boston, Mass., went to England. He was a charm-
ing man, a graduate of Harvard, a tuan of letters,
a Judge of the County of Worcester, and had been
Colonel in the War of the Revolution.
He saw, otieday, in the citj- of London, a carriage
passing which bore his o:cn family nuns. He fol-
lowed, and introduced himself to the occupant, who
proved to be a Henshaw, and who acknowledged
the American as a kinsman. A warm friendship
was the result; so warm that the English Henshaw
urged the American to remain in England, promis-
i ing him all the family influence.
This generous Southern branch has now run out,
j and is represented by the female line. Its last male
\ representative was Benjamin Henshaw, of Moor
Hall, County Essex. He had four daughters, but
no son. His eldest daughter, Mar>- Alice Henshaw,
married Frazer Bradshaw Smith, and by a royal
decree, dated March 4tli, 1845, they and their issue
are authorized to assume the name and arms of
Whether any Henshaws remain in Cheshire
County, I have no means of knowing. Their rec-
ords in the Herald's College ceased about the mid-
dle of the i7tb century, making it probable that
their line has become e.xtinct.
The Northern, or Lancashire branch, exists no
more in luigland, but is found solely in America.
Tiie.se three branches of the Henshaw farailx'
bold the same armorial bearings. It was custom-
ary to introduce some slight variation into the fam-
ily escutcheon to indicate a special branch, but the
Henshaws held to the original arms, whether in
Cheshire, Lancashire or Su.ssex.
Owing to the practice of varying the escutcheon
to indicate collateral relationships, great abuses
crept into heraldry. Some went so far as to assume
I the bearings of quite another famil)-. Consequently
1 James I. instit-^ted a Commission of Heraldry,
which sat in various parts of the kingdom and re-
viewed the whole subject, confirming the right and
title of some families to the escutcheons which thej-
bore, and revoking that of others. Under this com-
mission it is recorded that the arms of Thomas
Henshaw, of Derby, Countj- Lancashire, were co}i-
lirmed to him: a great satisfaction under such an
investigation, and in those times.
Thomas Henshaw, of Derby, died at the family
home in Toxter or Toxteth) Park, about 1631.
He had three so:i.--: two of them died before him
without issue, thus leaving his eldest son, William
Henshaw, of Toxter Park, his sole male repre-
isentative. William Henshaw married Katherine
Houghton, of Waverlree Hall, near Liverpool.
This marriage took place, as will be seen from its
date, during the troublous times of Charles L, when
the nation was convulsed iu the throes of a revolu-
Wavertree Hall, pronounced and often spelled
Wartres Hall, was one of the many estates of the
Houghton family, and passed by marriage to Will-
iam Henshaw. It stood in West Derby, in the en-
virons of Liverpool. It is represented as a pile of
stone of severe architectural lines, with beautiful
grounds. The building stood as late as 1850 ; then
it was sold to the city of Liverpool, the Hall was
deraolished, and the grounds were divided between
City Park and Botanical G.irdens.
Here it was that the young couple were "seated."
It was a notable marriage on both sides. The
Houghton wealth was all concentrated upon the
bride who %vas an heiress in her own right, while
the groom was an only son, a man of wtalth, a
warm opponent of the encroachments of Charles I.,
and is said to have served as a member of Parlia-
ment, and as a colonel in the Parliamentary arm\-.
I'Aaii Houghton, Ivsq., his fatht-rin-law, was an
ardent Koundliead, acquainted, it is said, with fines
and imprisomueiit, there being evidence that he
spent seven years in prison.
And now it is necessary to introduce upon our
stage the Rev. Richard Mather, the same who was
the father of Increase, and grandfather of Cotton
Mather. He was born at Lowton, in Lancashire,
in 1596. When he was fifteen years of age he
went to Toxter Park, and served there in various
capacities as schoolmaster and curate, and perhaps
tutor and chaplain, for twenty- five years. He went
to Oxford when he was twenty-two, and having
taken his course there, he returned to Toxter Park.
In 1633 he was suspended for nonconformity.
Through the influence of powerful friends he was
restored the following year, but again suspended.
In 1635 he fled to New England, and in the colony
of Massachusetts Bay he became pastor of the
church at Dorchester, and there remained until he
died in 1669.
His life in Toxter (or Toxteth) Park extended
from 161 r to 1635, in all twenty-four years, with
the exception of the four years spent at Oxford.
The Henshaw family belonged to Toxter Park and
were his sympathizers in religion and in politics ;
and it was while the Rev. Richard Mather lived
there, that the notable marriage took place between
William Henshaw and Katherine Houghton, sole
heiress of her family. In the terrible wrong per-
petrated upon the children of this marriage, the
Rev. Richard Mather bore a sinister part.
Katherine Houghton was a great heiress and pos-
sessed the right to quarter her arms with those of
her husband. (The name seems to have been pro-
nounced as though it were spelled Hocton. ■ Her
family had large possessions and a high descent,
their blood claiming a strain of royalty. Four no-
table women adorned the Houghton pedigree, viz.:
Katherine Houghton, Margaret Stanle.w Eleanor
Xevill, and Joan of Beaufort.
The grandmother of Katherine Houghton was
Margaret Stanley: the great grandmother of Mar-
garet Stanley was Eleanor Xevill; the grandmother
of Eleanor Xevill was Joan of Beaufort, daughter
of John of Gaunt, " Time-honored Lancaster."
Or, to begin with John of Gaunt : his daughter,
Joan of Beaufort, married Richard Nevill, Earl of
Westmoreland. Tlieir son, Richard Nevill, Earl of
Salisbury, had for his son Richard Nevill, the
great Earl of Warwick, (called the Kingmaker):
while his daughter was Eleanor Nevill, who mar-
ried Thomas Stanlej-, Earl of Derby. Lord George
Stanley, their eldest son, was held hostage by Rich-
ard IIL, died l)efore his father, leaving two .sons,
of whom the elder, Thomas Stanley, came to the
earldom of Derby. The younger son, James Stan-
ley, had a son, Henry Stanley, of BickerstafFe, Lan-
cashire, who was father of sons and also of a daugh-
ter, Margaret Stanley. Margaret Stanley married
Richard Houghton, and their only son was Sir
Evan Houghton, who married Ellen Parker, of
Ridgehall, and their only child and heiress was
Katherine Houghton, who married Col. William
Henshaw, of Toxter Park, sou of Tboiiias Heu-
sliaw of Derby.
As is evident, if I ha\e made this desceut clear,
it was through Margaret Stanley that the one drop
of princely blood came into the veins of the Hough-
tons. And it was through Margaret Stanley, or
rather, her marriage settlements, that the Hough-
tons were destroyed.
The elder line of the Stanlc)- family (Ivarls of
Derby) became extinct in 17,^5, and the earldom
reverted to the younger line, descended from Henrj'
Stanley, of Bickerstaffe, Margaret Stanley's father.
Margaret Stanley and Richard Houghton were
married in 1585. There was abundant wealth on
both sides. Richard Hougliton's father, ICvau
Houghton, settled on him Wavertree Hall, Pen-
keth Hall, and 107 acres of land in or near the city
of Liverpool. The bride also was richly endowed.
Tiic marriage settlements are dated October Sth,
tweuty-.seventh year of Elizabeth. They stipulated
that should the issue of the marriage fail, the prop-
erty should revert to the "right heirs," or, in other
words, should go back to the legal heirs of their
respective families. This seemingly harmless pro-
vision, as public events turned out, procured the
plunder of their estate, the exile of their descend-
ants, and the obliteration of their name from the
annals of English gentry.
As has been said, the sole issue of this marriage
was Evan Houghton, and the sole issue of /;/j mar-
riage was Katherine Houghton. She married Col.
William Henshaw. Would there be any issue of
this marriage ? The question must have been a
matter of great interest to the right heirs, and for a
long time it seemed as if their prospects of inherit-
ing the large estate were almost assured. It was
twelve years before the heir, so desirable and so
undesirable, so welcome and so unwelcome, was
born to this pair. They were married in 1630 and
their eldest son, Joshua Henshaw, was not born
until 1642. A second son was born in 1644 and
was named Daniel. In that interval Katherine
Henshaw had become a widow and her children
fatherless. Her mother was smitten by the same
blow, for William Henshaw and Evan Houghton
died together in defense of Liverpool, and the sec-
ond child was not born until a few weeks after this
double tragedy. Thick and fast the tears must
have fallen in Wavertree Hall.
I have often wondered what was in the stern soul
of Katherine Henshaw when she named her second
son Daniel. Born, as he was. only a few weeks
after her father and ht-r husband were slain fighting
against tyranny, papacy and the Stuarts, it would
seem impossible that she should give him any other
than the name of one or both of those political mar-
But in that struggle names were significant.
The name Joshua clearly pointed to the hope that
the first-born would help to lead the nation from
bondage to liberty; from another Egypt to another
promised land. Did the name Daniel darkly hint
at a handwriting on the wall which meant the fall
of another Babylon— as the Roundheads were wont
to call Catholicism — and the destruction of the Stu-
art dynast}- ? If so, Katherine Heushaw lived to
see the fulfillment of her bitter prophecy in the
execution of Charles I., which took place two years
before her own death.
Katherine Henshaw and her mother, both wid-
owed by the same stroke, lived but seven years
longer, and died within ten weeks of each other,
in the year 1651. Tlie two little boys, then seven
and nine years of age, were left orphans, without
near relatives, and with an itnmense inheritance.
Here is an inventory of the real estate which they
inherited from the Houghtons, not counting the
property of their father. It comes from the Her-
ald's College :
Wavertree Hall, Lands iu Liverpool,
Penketh Hall, Lands in Ellell,
Lands in Penyngton, Lands in Carltou,
Lands in Worsely, Lands in Sowerby,
Newton in Mackinfield, Lands in Warton,
Lands in Knowlsley, Houses in Lancaster.
Such an estate and such young heirs needed, of
course, some one to care for them. The nearest
relative and doubtless right heir on their mother's
side, Peter Ambrose, removed to Wavertree Hall,
and entered upon his fateful stewardship. The
temptation was too great. Only those two little
boys between himself and the goal of his long-cher-
ished desires !
After two )-ears of administration, he made need-
ful arrangements, and on pretense of sending them
away to school, placed them on board a vessel
bound for New England. It was an easy abduc-
tion, for Liverpool had already an active trade with
Boston. They xccre scut to ilie Rev. Richard Mather,
in Dorchester, Massachnsclls Bay! The family tra-
dition says that a large sum of money was sent with
them, for which no account was exacted.
To explain t'leir absence, Peter Ambrose gave
out that he had placed them at a school near Lou-
don. Time went on, but Wavertree Hall saw its
young masters no more. Time still went on. Sev-
eral years of absence could be accounted for by the
necessities of education and of travel; then the
Great Plague broke out opportunely, and Peter
Ambrose announced that they had both died of
It was in 1653 that the two boys were thus ab-
ducted and deported, and reported dead at the ages
respectively of nine and eleven years, two years
alter the death of their mother and grandmother.
It was a rigorous fate. The Pilgrim Fathers
themselves had come over only about thirty years
before, and the feeble colonies were still struggling
for existence against poverty, hardship and the
savage. Friendless and helpless, stripped of their
all, these two children were plunged from affluence
to poverty, from the tenderness of loving women
lost to them not so very long before, to the sinister
kindness and actual treachery of pretended friends.
The boys grew up in Dorchester and married
there. The Rev. Richard Mather did not go to his
account until the elder of the two was twenty-seven
years of afje. A word from him would have righted
their bitter wrong, but that word was never spoken.
The following extract from a letter written me
bj- my brother-in-law, Mr. F. W. Henshaw, of
Montreal, Canada, will .show the estimate placed
upon the Rev. Richard Mather by the Henshaw
family : " My belief is that he was in collusion with
the wretch, Ambrose, in defrauding the two boys —
Henshaws. His silence as to their history, which
he unquestionably knew all about, is strong enough
evidence of his complicity in the dastardly act."
How and when a knowledge of that wrong came
to them does not appear. But in i6S8, Joshua
Henshaw, then forty-six years of age, a husband, a
father of six children (one an infant in arms), set-
tled up his affairs, made his will, and sailed for
England to regain his plundered inheritance. The
remainder of his checquered life — and he lived to
be .seventy-seven years of age- -was given up to
that quest. Hearts must have been wrung at that
parting, including that of the only brother who had
been his companion in all vicissitudes.
He found Peter Ambrose dead, and his son,
Joshua Ambrose, installed as his father's heir and
owner of Wavertree Hall.
To retain his own plunder, and to avoid ques-
tions, Peter Ambrose was obliged, of course, when
he announced the death of the boys, to pass over
to the Stanleys such part of the estate as reverted
to them under the marriage settlements of Margaret
Stanley. Therefore, all this portion of the inheri-
tance of Joshua Henshaw had become the property
of that powerful family. And this was only one of
the many discouragements.
He left his country a boy of eleven years
of age; he returned to it a man of forty-six,
moulded in character and manners by a hard life in
a new country. For thirty-five years he had dis-
appeared from view; for twenty-two years his rela-
tives, with the exception of Peter Ambrose, had
believed him dead, and had enjoyed his inheritance.
Who was this strange man, claiming the name and
estate of an English boy dead a quarter of a cen-
tury ? An impostor, doubtless ! And thus his
nearest relatives on both sides were the most inter-
ested in denying his identity.
In politics conditions were equally disheartening.
The Restoration had brought back the Stuarts,
against whom the father and tjraudfather of Joshua
Ilenshaw had fought to the death. The Stuarts
were never remarkable for magnanimity, and to
their thinking the estate of a Roundhead ought to
be confiscated, even were it not already stolen.
\'cnal judges filled the courts, led by the terrible
Jeflfreys. What likelihood lor justice here?
With the intrepidity of his ancestors, and noth-
ing daunted, Joshua Henshaw entered upon his
work. He determined to sue for his rights before ^
the Kngli.sh High Court of Chancery. The first <
thing needful was to prove his pedigree. For this
purpose he engaged the services of a noted geneal-
ogist, Mr. Robert Dale, Richmond Herald, of the
Herald's College of that dale. Mr. Dale made out
his pedigree with all the care and accuracy neces-
sary for its use as a legal document in the coining
suit. This was the pedigree found in the Herald's
College in 1844 by the nephew of Mr. John Hen-
shaw, of Boston. Until then its existence was
Joshua Henshavv promptly filed his bill in Chan-
cery against Ambrose, and to this bill Ambrose put
in his answer. Then Joshua Henshaw. while wait-
ing the slow motions of court, hurried back to New
England to obtain certain evidence. It was on this,
his one visit home, that he brought over and left
the two escutcheons of the family. His errand
done, he hurried to Old England again. His watch-
ful enemies had lost no time in pushing the suit to
a hearing during his short absence. The case had
been called, and dismissed from the docket, "with
seven nobles cost," on motion of the defendant, on
the ground of the non-appearance of the plaintiff.
Joshua Henshaw had his case promptly restored
to the docket, and it was kept there, slumbering,
for nearly thirty years; whereas the lively activity
which called it up and removed it from the docket
occurred in the first two years of his stay in
linglatid. But he left the scene no more; doubt-
less homesick and heartsick enough, he watched
and waited, and held on, and gave his enemies no
further chance to profit by his absence. What he
was doing during all that weary time can only be
conjectured. Communication was slow and uncer-
tain; correspondence was difficult, and subject to
sunrillaiicf. His brother's only son died ; his brother
himself died; his own eldest son, William, died, as
did also his second son, Joshua; but nothing relaxed
his vice like grip, or induced him to leave England.
It is the family tradition that secret, powerful in-
fluence from the Stanley family cast him iu prison,
where he spent several of his weary years of wait-
ing, and wlicrc, he had reason to believe, an agent
was employed to remove him by slow poison.
For it had become a threatening outlook for "the
right heirs." Here was this plaiiitifT who, with
undaunted courage and heroic patience, continually
demanded justice; whose claims were enforced by
a bill in Chancery, and sustained by a pedigree
issued from the highest authority in the land; who
demanded restitution of large sums and incomes,
and of larger estates, and offered proofs of the ab-
duction of an English boy and the plunder of his
inheritance, to the everlasting disgrace of family
reputations. And the day was approaching when
the case must be heard, and when no device could
delay it longer.
The times, also, were more propitious for obtain-
ing justice in English courts. In the days of the
Stuarts English courts of justice have been called
"caverns of murder." But the courts had gradu-
ally become "purified." Another revolution was
in progress in 1688, the year of Joshua Henshaw's
return to England, and James Stuart became a
fugitive. Joshua Henshaw's weary stay covered
the reigns of Willam and Mary, of Queen Anne,
and of a part of the reign of George I., during all
of which time he was praying for justice from the
English High Court of Chancery.
At last the case was at hand. Apparently no
subterfuge could delay it longer. Joshua Heu-
shaw's prospects were bright in proportion. The
devotion of his father and grandfather in opposi-
tion to the Catholic Stuarts would give added
weight to his cause before a Protestant court, repre-
senting a Protestant succession.
Then it was that Joshua Henshaw received over-
tures from Ambrose, who invited him to a banquet,
on the pretense of a desire for an amicable com-
promise. Almost while at the entertainment,
Joshua Henshaw was seized with a sudden illness,
and died in a few hours. In the Henshaw family
it has always been believed that the son of Peter
Ambrose finished his father's treachery by poison;
Hut this conclusion is not inevitable, for he was by
this time an old man. The suit was then dropped
from the docket, for want of a prosecutor.
Joshua Hensha%v died in 17 19, being then
seventy-seven years of age. The last thirty-one
years of his hard and checquered life he spent in
England, vainly seeking jnstice. He did not leave
his children the splendid estate which was his
right; but he left them a nobler inheritance — as
much nobler as undaunted courage, and resistance
of wrong, and trust in God, are better than gold
and lands. The same qualities which led his father
and grandfather to fight to the death against injus-
tice inspired his one gallant fight for his rights.
And' we may well hope that his descendants will be
worthy of such an ancestor.
Joshua Henshaw, the elder of the two brothers,
alone left descendants. The younger brother, Dan-
iel, married, but his only child, a son, died, unmar-
ried, before his father. Therefore, all the American
Henshaws of the Lancashire branch are descended
from the elder brother.
The Colonial Henshaws were for the most part
men of substance and of character, religious, de-
vout, passionately attached to liberty, intrepid,
courteous, fine-mauuered — "gentlemen," as we say
now, "of the old school." And it is safe to say
that they never lost consciousness of their gentle
blood. They had large families, and they thought
much of their wives. The first Joshua, in return-
ing to England, made his wife his sole executrix,
gave her the whole income of his estate until she
remarried, and in that event "her rightful third."
I have seeu a copy of this will, and its tone of de-
vout submission, and trust in God, were to me
His son, Joshua II., not only left his estate to
his wife for her life, but by will authorized her to
cut off with five pounds any child who objected to
tlie arrangement. "The Henshaws know how to
select a good wife" is an adage in the family. Let
us hope that it is a gift which will descend by in-
heritance, for "a good wife is a blessing from tlu-
The Colonial Henshaws spread from Dorchester
in various directions, settling in Boston, Leicester,
Worcester, Northampton, Lancaster and Shrews-
bury, down into Connecticut and up into Vermout
Joshua Henshaw IIL was a Bostonian, and took a
prominent part in public affairs, preceding and dur-
ing the Revolution.
He was the associate of Otis, Phillips and Adams.
He was born in 1703, and died in 1777. His por-
trait, taken by Copley, is owned in the Boston
branch of the family, and has been lithographed
for family use.
The large families of the Colonial Henshaws,
consisting mostly of sons, can best be illustrated by
a mention which will also show the impossibility of
tracing them up in a slight sketch like this.
Joshua I. married Mary Sumner and their children
were as follows: William, Joshua H., Thankful,
John, Samuel, Elizabeth, Katherine.
Joshua IL, born 1672, married Mary Webber.
Their childreu were as follows: Daniel, Joshua III.,
John, James, William, Samuel, Thomas, and
Daniel married Elizabeth Bass in 1724. Their
children were Daniel, Joshua IV., Jo.seph, Mary,
Benjamin, John, John II., Elizabeth, William, Eliz-
abeth II,, Mary B., David, Hannah, Daniel II., in
all fourteen children.
The most remarkable family of the Colonial Hen-
shaws seems to have been that of Daniel Henshaw
and Elizabeth Bass, the latter a great granddaugh-
ter of John Alden. Their children were fourteen
in number, and many of them made a mark in their
generation. Whether this was because of more
energy and ability, or because of the larger oppor-
tunity afforded by our Revolutionary war, it might
be invidious to inquire. I have already told in
page 9 how Joseph Henshaw of thi.s family cap-
tured the heart of his English relative who recog-
nized his kinship by means of the Henshaw coat of
arras borne by each.
Benjamin Henshaw, another of this family, set-
tied iu Middletown, Ct., where he established that
branch from which ours is descended. A monu-
ment bearing the name of Henshaw still lifts its
head in the Middletown cemetery, and maj- be seen
from the Connecticut river boats. It is all that
remains in Middletown of the familj' of Benjamin
It is difficult to believe now that Middletown and
Newport were once more important seaports than
Boston or New Vork. Benjamin Henshaw did not
take up arms for his countrj- as did several of his
brothers, but a tradition concerning him is worth
He is said to have bought up at one time all
incoming cargoes of salt, and when the Revolution
brought a time of need, he presented this salt to
the struggling cause of his government — not .selling
it at an advanced price. And it is also said that
when the exigencies of the service brought General
Washington to Middletown, he called on Benjamin
Hensliaw in person, to thank him for bis generosity
and his loyalty.
William Henshaw, another son, served as a lieu-
tenant in the French and Indian war, and, when
the Revolution broke out, was appointed adjutant-
general of the army by the Provincial Congress of
New England. He filled the position for some
time, and then General Gates was appointed to the
same office by the General American Congress, and
assumed its duties at Cambridge. It is pleasant to
read that no bad blood came of this <oiil>tUiiips,
but that ou the contrary, .so warm a friendship
sprang up between the two, that General Henshaw
assisted General Gates for several months to get
everything in hand, and named a son Horatio
Gates Henshaw -facts which reflect credit ou both
parties. William Henshaw was commissioned as
David Henshaw, another son of Daniel and Eliz-
abeth Bass Henshaw, served as captain in the
Revolution, and is the ancestor of David K. Hen-
shaw, formerly Secretary of the Navy, and of Mr.
John Henshaw, of Boston, and also of the Ward
branch. Lancaster and Leicester were their homes.
From Daniel, the eldest son of Benjamin Hen-
shaw, of Middletown, Ct., came Bishop Henshaw,
bishop of Rhode Island, and several sisters, women
of position and of many attractions. Madam Whit-
ney, of Green Bay, was one of these; also Mrs.
Post, whose husband Professor Post, was called the
foremost orator in the Congregational Church; also
Mrs. Robertson, whose husband was equally emi-
nent in the Episcopal Church, first missionary of
that church at Athens, Greece. When my hus-
band was in Knoxville, Tenn., during the war of
the Rebellion, he went one Sunday to church, and
after service the clergyman came down from the
pulpit and sought him out, saying: "I knew you
must be a Henshaw from your resemblance to the
Bishop." This is a good illustration of the strong
family resemblance which exists in the family.
Teresa Henshaw, born in Boston in 1791, mar-
ried Edward Phillips, son of Governor Phillips, of
the province of Massachusetts Bay. She was the
daughter of Samuel and Martha Hunt Henshaw.
She had two children, viz.: Edward Bromfield
Phillips and Teresa Henshaw Phillips, both living
unmarried in 1848. Wendell Phillips and Bishop
Phillips Brooks are also of the family of Governor
The son, Samuel Henshaw, moved from Dorches-
ter to Northampton, Mass. I well remember the
large Colonial house which belonged to his descend-
ants, and often passed it when a school-girl at that
place, little thinking that ray name would eventu-
ally be that of the family who lived there.
Many of the Henshaws have drifted away from
all knowledge of their ancestors, but all seemed
to have retained some tradition connecting them
with the story of Joshua Henshaw. Thus it is evi-
dent that the Colonial Henshaws were true to their
family traditions in courage, devotion and love of
The Hon. Joshua Hensliaw III., Col. William
Henshaw, the friend of General Gates, Col. Joseph
Heiishaw, who was held dear by English kinsmen,
and Capt. David Henshaw— all bore part in our
Revolution, with passionate zeal for the liberty of
The Henshaw faniilj- is now so expanded in
numbers that it is necessary to confine the remnant
^ of the story to our own particular branch, that it
may tell my children and children's children who
are their nearest relatives.
I will run hastily througli the descent of our
branch from the first Joshua.
Joshua Henshaw I. married Elizabeth Sumner,
of Dorchester, Massachusetts Bav.
Their eldest (surviving) son, Joshua Henshaw II.,
,;, married Mary Webber.
Their eldest .son, Daniel, married Elizabeth Bass,
granddaughter of John Alden. They had fourteen
(14) children, of whom Benjamin was the fourth
son. Benjamin .settled in Middletown, Conn. He
was the ancestor of our branch. His eldest son
was Daniel, ancestor of Bishop Henshaw, of Rhode
Island. His second son, Joshua I\'., married
Esther Burnham. Their eldest son, John Leavitt
Henshaw, married Anne Cory, of Providence, R. I.
Their children were as follows :
John Cory Henshaw,
Caroline Henshaw March,
Anne Henshaw Anderson,
Frederick W. Henshaw,
Edward Carrington Henshaw (my husband),
George Holt Henshaw.
These and their descendants are my children's
John Ltavitt Henshaw, my husband's father,
died in the first epidemic of cholera which visited
this country, leaving a helpless family of six chil-
dren, to whom his joungcr brother. Charles J.
Henshaw, henceforth supplied the place of parent.
I desire here to pay a tribute to the memory of
Charles J. Henshaw, and his wife Cornelia Mid-
dagh Henshaw. Never was there a more generous,
large-hearted couple. Having no children of their
own, their beautiful home and their abundant
means were consecrated to the assistance of the
orphan and the unfortunate throughout a long and
disinterested life. When the day of reckoning
comes which will come to us all, many will assur-
edly rise up and call them blessed.
John Cory Henshaw, who was a major in the
United States army, died leaving no children. His
wife, my beloved sister Amelia, resides in Xew
My husband's eldest sister, Mrs. March, died
leaving one daughter, Madam George St. Amant,
who has long resided in Paris, France. Her chil-
dren, so far as I know, are George Stanley St.
Amant, Marguerite D. St. Amant.
The other sister, Anne Henshaw, married Rev.
Canon William Anderson, of Sorel, Canada, who
holds bis commission from the English crown and
is the last one to do so, as hereafter the position
will be filled by appointment by the Canadian gov-
ernment. The children in that family are five, viz.:
William Anderson married Amelia Boyle, Mon-
tague Ander.son married Miss Rubidge, Alice
Anderson married Nathan ^[e^cie, Constance An-
derson, Charles Anderson.
The family of Frederick William Henshaw lives
in Montreal, Canada. He married Maria Louisa
Scott, and their children are Frederick C. Henshaw,
married Miss McDougal, Arthur Scott Henshaw,
married Beatrice Sheppard, Mary Ethel Henshaw,
married Forbes Angus.
M\- husband, Edwartl Carrington Henshaw, en-
tered the regular army after the war of the Rebel-
lion, and died at Fort McKavitt, Texas, September
i4lh, 1S72, leaving four sons, viz.: Edward Tyler
Henshaw, born Dec. 4th, 1S49 : .Frederick William
Henshaw, born Ma\ 24th, 1S5.S ; William Griffitl:
Henshaw, born March 2Sth, 1S60: Tyler Henshaw,
born February gth, 1S62. All were born at Otta-
The eldest and j-ouiigest entered the business
world. William is a banker, and Frederick has
been on the bench several years. When elected he
was the youngest judge on the bench of California.
Edward Tyler married May Ranlett. Tlie_\- have
three children, viz.; Mary Edwards, John Cory
and Thomas Dale.
Frederick William married Grace Tubbs. Their
children are Tyler Tubbs, Stanley Tubbs and Fred-
William Griffith married Hetty Tubbs. They
have two daughters and a son. viz.; Alia Sarah,
Florence Adams and William Griffith.
Tyler married Ida Harrington.
In Brookl\n, X. Y., lives the family of George
Holt Henshaw. He married Cornelia Birdsall
(Gracie), and died leaving six children, viz.;
George Herbert Henshaw, Sarah Middagh Hen-
shaw, Frederick \'aldemar Henshaw, Esther Holt
Henshaw, Cornelia Gracie Henshaw, Walter Hen-
In tlie War of the Rebellion my husbaud com-
inaiuled an artillery conip-;::y. named for him Heii-
shaw's Battery. When, after the Siege of Knox-
ville, a forward movement was in contemplation,
five different Generals applied to have Henshaw's
Battery attached to their command. And General
Burnside recommended him for promotion on ac-
count of "gallantr)' on manv a well-fought field."
"I well remember," said a comrade, "the music of
Henshaw's Battery at the Siege of Knoxville."
My husband's eldest brother, Major John Hen-
shaw, gave abundant evidence of the same spirit.
Me served in tlie Seminole and Me.xicau Wars, as
well as the War of the Rebellion. In the Mexican
War he took part in seven battles, and his regiment
was the one selected to lead the assault on Cerro
Gordo, a mountain fortif.ed from base' to summit,
crowned witli a fort well nigh impregnable, and
all .so arran^L-d as to concentrate their fire on an
attacking f.)e. In the War of the Rebellion he
served at the Siege of X'icksburg, and as Judge
Advocate Geueral of the Department of the South.
My husband's second brother, by name Fred-
erick W. Henshaw, married Maria Scott, of Can-
ada, and lives in Montreal, having two sons and
one daughter. In his family have been exemplified
the qualities of courage and heroism, by his
son, Colonel Frederick Henshaw. The latter has
been known to face a howling mob, at the risk of
his own life, in order to defend a helpless stranger.
He has also assisted in getting off into boats the
women and children of a sinking steamer, on which
he had taken passage for Europe, while he himself
remained on board as one of four, to take the
chances of life and death.
The third son of this family was my husband,
Edward Carriiigton Henshaw, who, as before stated,
died at Fort McKavitt, Texas, September 14, 1S72.
The fourth and youngest of my husband's broth-
ers was George Holt Henshaw. He was undoubt-
edly one of the most intellectual of the family.
Thus I have tried to give an account of my chil-
dren's nearest relatives, and where they are to be
found. They are the descendants of John Leavitt
Henshaw and Anne Cory Hensbaw, his wife, who
were my luisband's parents. As I had but one
brother, and he died unmarried, the nearest rela-
tives I possess are cousins.
The name Joshua was long retained in the Hen-
shaw family. The last to bear it, as far as my
knowledge goes, was Joshua Sands Henshaw, who
died ill San Francisco in is,S5. He was of the
.seventh generation from Joshua I. The eighth
and ninth generations seem to have omitted the
I come now to the escutcheons, two of which
have come down in the Henshaw family. One is
the coat-of-arms of the Henshaws; the other is the
quartered arms of Henshaw and Houghton.
On the frontispiece can be .seen the Henshaw arms.
The Henshaw colors are silver and black. The shield
is silver, with a chevron sable between three moor
hens, or hernshaws. The crest a ger-falcon or,
feeding on an eagle's wing, torn from its prej'. '
This is the coat-of-arms which used to be borne
equally by the Henshaws of Cheshire and Lan-
cashire and of the South of England. It is the
coat-of-arms by which Joseph Henshaw and his
English relatives mutually recognized each other as
The quarterings bear testimony to the truth of
the family history. An heiress possessed the rightto
quarter her arms with those of her husband. But
his arms must have the place of honor, viz: the
5rst and fourth quarters; and his crest must sur-
mount her crest. All these conditions are faithfully
observed in the Henshaw and Houghton quarter-
ings. The Houghton colors were sable and argent,
the shield bearing three silver bars; and these
quarterings bear mute testimony to the marriage of
Katherine Houghton and William Henshaw. Both
escutcheons are said to have been brought over by
Joshua I, on the occasion of his sole visit home
after he undertook to recover his estate.
THI'. TVI.I'.R FAMILY.
In the northeastern corner of Connecticut lies
Windham countv, containing the large township of
Pomfret. Of this township my Tyler ancestors
were citizens. After the Revolutionary War, the
beautiful village of Brooklyn was carved out of
Pomfret. Brooklyn was my native place, and the
place where lived ray parents, grandparents and
great-grandparents, all Tylers. Now I believe
there is not a Tyler left in the village. The name
is found only on the tombstones in the burial
ground, which was a present to the village from
Gen. Israel Putnam li\-ed in Brooklyn also, a
little out of the village. He and my great-grand-
father, Daniel Tyler, were friends, and their friend-
ship was cemented by the marriage of the son of
the one to the daughter of the other.
This great-grandfather of mine lived in three
centuries. He was liorii in 1699, and he died in
iSoi. Jle had three wives. He married the third
when he was upwards of seventy, and a daughter
was born of the marriage.
His eldest son, named Daniel, was my grand-
father. He was a notable man in his day, and
married two notable wives. His first wife was a
daughter of Gen. Israel Putnam, referred to above.
His second wife was a granddaughter of President
Jonathan lulwards, and was my grandmother. I
am a direct descendant of Jonathan Edwards, in
the fifth generation.
Daniel Tyler, my grandf.ither, graduated at Har-
vard College just before the Revolutionary War,
went home, married Mehital)le Putnam, and left his
wife and an inf.mt child to fly to Boston with Gen-
eral Putnam, his father-in-law, on the first call to
arms. He served on General Putnam's staff, and
was his adjutant at the iiattle of Bunker Hill.
Alter two years of service, he raised an artillery
company, called "Matro.sses," which he led to the
field, equipping it at his own expense, it is said,
for he was a man of substance. He fought through
the Revolution, and was in active service as late as
During a long life his effective services for the
public weal were recognized and honored. . Yet so
imperfect were the first official records of the times
that the following testimonial is all there is to show
for them. It was obtained from the office of the
Adjutant-General of Connecticut:
State of Connecticut, Adjutant General's
Hartford, August 27, 1S91.
I hereby certify that, according to the records of
this office, Daniel Tyler, of Pomfret, served as Cap-
tain of a company of matrosses during the War of
the Revolution, and was ordered to March to New
London in 177S. He was also ordered with com-
pany of matrosses to Newport, R. I., in 1780.
[Signed] Andrew H. Ejibler,
My grandfather was quite a central figure in the
little village of Brooklyn. He owned many farms
around it. The house which he built for his own
occupancy has long been the village inn, as the
most commodious for that purpose even yet. Close
to it, in what was once its front yard, stnids now
the monument to General Putnam, a beautiful
equestrian statue. And on the other side of the
house flourishes in majestic beauty the elm tree,
now about one hundred years old, which he plant-
ed on the birth of his first daughter by his sec-
He was in "the forties" wiien his wife. Mehitable
(Putnam ), died. She left him six children. Then
lie married the granddaughter of President Jona-
than ICdwards, who was my grandmother, as I have
said. She was a widow, living in the town of
Chaplin, which was named after the Chaplin fam-
il\', of which her husband was the eldest son, a
gentleman of substance and of education, a grad-
uate of Vale College. M\ i;r,indfather had a yellow
chariot built, to bring her home in state from Chap-
lin, nine miles away. In those days this was consid-
ered no small effort. To his si.x ' ' Putnam" children
were added her four "Chaplin" children, and four
more were the issue of the second marriage — four-
teen in all.
This grandmother is one of my dearest recollec-
tions. She was petite, a brunette, with the most
wonderful eyes I ever saw — so dark and glittering.
Tlie same quality is described as belonging to the
eyes of her cousin, Aaron Burr. She was full of
spirit and vivacity, quick-tempered, lively, witty
and given to anecdote, fascinating me even as a
child. Conlrasts met in the pair, for my grand-
father was calm, dignified, blue-eyed, and six feet
two in height.
They both lived to be upwards of eighty, she sur-
viving him several years. His father lived to be
nearly one hundred. Ours was a sturdy race.
My grandmother's maiden name was Sarah Ed-
wards. She was the eldest daughter of Timothv
Edwards, and he was the eldest son of President
Edwards. Hence our descent from the Edwards
We are also related to the Ogden family of New
Jersey by a descent as direct. Timothy Edwards
(my grandmother's father) married Rhoda Ogden
(my grandmother's mother). She was a daughter
of the noted "Stamp Act Ogden," so called, and
.sister of Aaron Ogden and General Mathias Ogden.
"Stamp Act Ogden" was a nickname given to her
father, Robert Ogden, because he belonged to a
convention which acquie.sced in the obnoxious
Stamp Act. He personally \oted against it, hut,
nevertheless, he was hung in effigy several times.
It ended his own public career, but did not inter-
fere with that of his sons, some of whom, especially
Governor Ogden, left behind a most brilliant rec-
Any life of President Edwards will give informa-
tion that he was a Congregational minister, elected
to the Presidency of Princeton College, whence his
title, and of his world-wide repute as a metapliysi-
cian. Family tradition paints him as a tall man,
with gray eyes, and a distant manner, and says
that his children always rose when he entered the
room, stood until told to be seated, and never spoke
in his presence, unless spoken to.
In those days, it was customary for the congrega-
tion to rise when the minister entered the church
and walked up the aisle, generally in a black gown,
the bell tolling — an impressive scene, which I
myself witnessed once or twice in my own child-
hood, though the practice by that time was excep-
tional. In the days of President Edwards, the
father was an autocrat. Wives said " Yes, sir"
and "No, sir" to their husbands, as the children
did to the father, and the mother was, compara-
tively, on a level with the children, while the
father was a lofty being. I had Edwards cousins
who never addressed their father except in the
third person, as thus: " Father will find the place
by going down the street, then father will turn to
the right, and there father will see," etc. It was
thought disrespectful to say "you" to the father.
Nothing is more impressed on my memory than
the long, stern, bitter winters of New England.
They seemed to make Calvinism, the New England
theology, possible, and I heard that theology con-
stantly discussed. I well remember going out
into the hall, and sitting on the stairs and crying,
for fear I was not among the elect, and this when
I could not have been more than seven years old.
I was impressed with the idea that I was a cura-
berer of the ground, needing to apologize for my
existence, and I often wished that I had never been
tiorii. Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe well depicts
the writhings of sensitive souls under Calvinism,
Yet nothing could be a greater mistake than to
suppo.se that New England life in that day was all
narrownes.s and sternness. We had our merry-
makings, and very merry they were. Thanksgiv-
ing, the Fourth of July, Training day and Sunday
evenings are all impressed on my mind as lively
bej-oiid description. Sunday evening was the reg-
ular taniily reunion; the children played games ;
their mothers knitted : their fathers discussed pol-
itics or problems in theology ; but whatever was
undertaken was done in the liveliest spirit, while
mirth and laughter resounded. I shall always be
glad that I was born and reared in a community
which looked upon life as a serious thing, which
kept the Lord's Day, which rang the meeting-
house bell every night at nine o'clock, and the
passing bell at every death, and permitted Sunday
walks only to tlie burial ground.
Aaron Burr, so noted in the historj- of the time,
was an Edwards, and was my grandmother's first
cousin. President Edwards and his wife, the beau-
tiful Sarah Pierpont, of Xew Haven, had a large
family. One of their daughters married President
Burr, of Princeton College. I once saw a diary
kept by this lady. It evinced the deepest affection
for her husband, whom she quaintly spoke of as
"the dear gentleman!" These were the parents
of Aaron Burr. Both died in bis childhood, and
he was, consetiuently, brought up b^- my great-
grandparents, Timothy and Rhoda Edwards, who
were, of course, his uncle and aunt.
This couple had their hands full, for. President
Edwards dying not long after, the^- also took
charge of Pierpont Edwards, who was President
Edwards' youngest son, and, consequently, the
youngest brother of my grandfather, Timothy,
while Aaron Burr was his nephew.
The two boys were about of an age, and uncom-
monly brilliant intellectually. But their pranks
would fill a volume. They would attend family
prayers at night and go soberly to bed, only to steal
out of the window and attend a l)all. They knew
the Bible so by heart, that they would correct
President Dwight in his quotations. They were
taught by Calvinism that they could not do any-
thing pleasing to God before conversion, although
they ought to ; that they could not do anything
towards their own conversion, though they were
accountable for not being converted, and that
whether they tried or not they would perish if they
were not among the elect; and if they perished
the}' could not help it, because they were created to
be vessels of wrath. The following doggerel has
come down from some wit of those times, as an
embodiment of those teachings:
" Vou can and you can't, you shall and yon shan't,
You'll be damned if you do, and 'oe damned if you don't."
Aaron Burr's whole life was overshadowed by
these early impressions. It is a piteous fact that
after he came out of college, he devoted himself for
some time to the study of theology, for the purpose
of making up his mind as to the truth of the re-
ligious teaching, under which he had been reared.
He went to Middletown for that purpose, and stud-
ied under a noted divine there — Dr. Bellamy, if I
am not mistaken. I do not know whether this is
related in any memoirs of Aaron Burr; I have it
from family tradition.
He came to the decisiou that Calvinism could
not be the truth. There was no other sj-stem to
take its place, and he was branded as an infidel,
even by the Edwards familj-. It is a curious
fact that the women of the Edwards family agreed
together on a "Concert of Prayer" for his con-
version, which extended through his later years,
and was kept up by prayer for him in their closets
at a certain hour each week. He has always seemed
to me to have been one of the many victims of
Calvinism. He was a courtly man, of great dig-
nity, with wonderful eyes and fa.scinating manners.
Said a lady: " I belong to the Burr school; I never
ask a question and never answer one" — a good
school to belong to in that respect. Xo hero
of antiquity ever bore reverses with more firmness
than Aaron Burr.
Pierpont lidwards became a noted lawyer in his
day, and settled in New Haven, in which vicinity
we have cousins of various names, as Whitney,
Wintlirop, Du'veranx, \\'oolse\', Johnson, all con-
nected with him. President Woolsev and the two
President Dwights, of Yale College, were of the
Edwards family, as was also Theodore Winthrop.
My brother graduated at Yale, and I was much
there, also, and we both highly valued our ac-
quaintance with these distant cousins.
I knew Theodore Winthrop well, and was often
at his mother's house, during those pleasant years
which I spent in Xew Haven while my brother
was in college. His sister, Laura Winthrop, was
the subject of N. P. Willis's lovely lines "To
Laura, Three Years Old."
My father and mother were first cousins. He
was Edwin Tyler, eldest son of the second marriage
of my grandparents, and she was Alia Mary
Edwards, only daughter of Richard Edwards, ol
Cooperstown, brother to my grandmother. My
mother's parents died in her childhood, and she
was adopted by my grandparents, ultimately mar-
rying their son, Edwin.
My parents had but two children, viz: my
brother Edwin and myself. My mother died when
we were children, and after a few years my father
His second wife was a widow, Mrs. Charlotte
Wharton, born Musgrave. She was a beautiful
and a noble woman, and I have always revered the
name of step-mother for her sake. My father died
uithiu a year after their marriage, and she, hav-
ing no children of her own, devoted her life to ni^-
brother and myself and. at her decease, left us
her estate. She died in 1S5;.
By that time my brother, Edwin Tyler, had
graduated at Vale, and had gone to California,
while my husband and I were living in Ottawa,
Illinois. In a few years my brother died, ver}-
suddenly, and I was left alone, the last of my
family. There never was, there never could be
a better brother. I have never ceased to mourn
his loss. He died, unmarried, in 1S6S, at forty
years of age. When asked why he did not
marry, replied that he would do so when he
found a woman whom he could love better than
Edward C. Henshaw, my husband, had been a
Midshipman in the United States Navy, but re-
signed, and studied law. At the breaking out of
the Rebellion we were living in Illinois, where he
raised an artillery company and was commissioned
as its captain. He served in Kentucky and Ten-
nessee, took part in the defense of Knoxville, and
was recommended for promotion by General Burn-
A braver man than my husband never lived, I
believe. He was commissioned in the regular army
after the war, and died at Ft. McKavitt, Texas,
September 14th, 1S72, where he was on the staflFof
Gen. Abner Doubleday. The year after his death,
I moved to California, to be near my brother's
estate, and with my eldest son who was there al-
At this time my family consisted of four sons,
the youngest eleven years of age, the eldest
twenty-three. All of them are married. The
tables subjoined will give a record of their fami-
lies to date (1S94).
The war opened in 1S61. We were then living
in Illinois. I helped to organize an aid society- in
Ottawa, our home, and served as its secretary. I
was then made associate manager of the Chicago
Sanitary Commission. I was elected to write the
iiistory of its work, and did so, calling my book
"Our Branch and its Tributaries." A copy of it
was sent to most of the public libraries, thus assur-
ing its place in the literature of the war. I also
ccmtributtd to the current literature of (he day
v.'irious tales, essays and poems. I have also
helped in the benevolent work of m\- generation
with interest and sympathy.
Of our Tyler relatives. Gen. Daniel Tyler was
my best-loved uncle. He was born at the family
home in 15rooklyn, Ct., was graduated at West
Point, and was nearly if not quite ninety when he
died. He built up Anuiston, Georgia, and by his
own request was buried there. He left five chil-
dren, three sons and two daughters, living in New
York and vicinity. His granddaughter, Edith
Carew, married Theodore Roosevelt, of New York
city. I know nothing personally of his descend-
Nor do I know much more of the descendants of
my other uncle, Frederick Tyler, of Hartford,
Ct. Gen. R. O. Tyler was his son, and died before
him. Mrs. S. S. Cowen was his eldest daughter,
and there are two sons, viz., George F. Tyler,
who is a millionaire living in Philadelphia, and
Edwin Tyler, of Hartford, Ct. Mrs. Cowen's
youngest daughter married Judge Carpenter of the
Connecticut Supreme bench. The Williams family
are the descendants of mj- father's only sister.
Thus it will be seen that on my side my children
have Edwards, Ogden, and Tyler relations, includ-
ing intermarriages, which are too many to enumer-
ate, and it will be seen also that they are distant
relatives and little known to me.
There is an Edwards and an Ogden coat of
arms, but of these I possess no copy.
The Tyler family is rich in its Colonial ancestry.
Its records are embodied in the rolls of the Colonial
Dames, and were obtained from Miss Helen B.
Tyler, secretary of the Pennsylvania Chapter of
Name and service will be found in the following
Xo. I. Hon. Emanuel Downing (father of
the famous or infamous Sir George Down-
ing of Charles II. 's time), arrived in Boston,
1638, settled at Salem. Representative to General
Court 1639-40-41, 1644, 1648. See Savage's 'Gen-
No. 2. Hon. Anthony Stoddard came from West
of England 1639 to Boston. Merchant and repre-
sentative to General Court twenty-three times.
Iti 1650-1659-60 and 1665, nineteen times con-
secutively. Also recorder of Boston, 1650. See
Savage's "Genealogical Dictionary."
No. 3. Rev. Solomon Stoddard graduated at
Harvard, 1662; chosen Fellow of the College No-
vember 25, 1666, and first Librarian of Harvard on
record about 1666. See John L. Sibley's "Gradu-
ates of Harvard."
No. 4. Rev. Timothy Edwards, preached two
election sermons before General Court, or.ce in
1708 and May nth, 1732. He was Chaplain ia
I expedition against Canada, 171 1, but was taken ill
I at Albany, and the Court sent Samuel Spencer and
I Jonathan Bigelow to bring hira home. See "Colo-
I nial Records of Connecticut."
No. 5. President Jonathan Edwards, second
\ president of Princeton College.
I No. 6. Hon. Timothy Edwards. For Revolu-
tionary period was Member of Council of Massa-
chusetts from 1775 to 17S0; Judge of Probate, 1778,
1789; and Member of County Council, July 6th,
1774. "Massachusetts Colonial Records."
No. I. John Ogden. The first settler mentioned
first at Sanford, Conn., 1641; 1656, 1657, Magis-
trate of South Hampton; 1659-60-61. Member of
General Court of Connecticut; April 2;,rd, 1662, is
iiientiotied in the Charter of Connecticut; 1664, re- i
ceives with others patent from Governor XichoUs
for Elizabeth Town, X. J , purchase; 1665, Coun-
cillor or Deputy appointed \)y Governor Carteret;
In 1673. September ist, appointed Schout (virtually
Governor) for the six East Jersey towns, Elizabeth,
Newark, Woodbridge, Piscataway, Middletown and
Shrewsl)ury, by the Dutch GovernuKiit of New
York. Died May, 16S2, at Elizabeth Town. "Co-
lonial Records of Connecticut," and "O'Callahan
Col. Doc," Vol. II., 595.
No. 2 — Robert Ogdcn, of Elizabetli Town and
Sparta; 1751, Member of A.ssembly ; 1754, Mem- 1
ber of Assembj- ; 1 755-1 761, Justice and Judge; ,
1761, Speaker of the House of Assembly; 1765,
Member of Stamp Act of Congress. He did
not sanction there the proceedings of the ma-
jority. An attempt was made to conceal his de-
fection, but without success. He was burned in
effigy in several places, and was removed from the
Speaker's chair at the next meeting of the Assem-
bly. See Applfton's " Biographical Dictionary;"
Sabine's " Loyalists."
Xo. 3— Capt. Daniel Tyler's (my grandfather)
Revolutionary service adds honorable distinction to
our record. See United States Pension Office.
Xo. I— Rev. Thomas Hooker, the leader of the
colony who founded Hartford. See Bancroft's
" History of the United States of America."
Xo. 2— Rev. Samuel Hooker, October 9, 1662,
appointed by the Connecticut Legislature to go
down to New Haven to treat with committee there,
respecting amicable union of the two colonies.
Preached two election sermons before General
Court, 1677- 1693. Which counts in Connecticut
eligibility li.st. See "Colonial Records of Connecti-
cut." Was also Fellow of Harvard College, No-
vember 27, 1654. _See Sibley's " Harvard Gradu-
No. 3— Rev. James Pierpout preached election
sermon before General Court, Connecticut, May S,
1690. Named as one of the Trustees in Act to in-
corporate collegiate school, 1701, viz.: Vale. See
"Conn. Colonial Records."
No. 4 — Capt. Thomas Willett arrived in ship
Lion, 1630. Had been associated with the Leyden
congregation in 1648 ; elected to succeed Miles
Standish as captain of military company of
Plymouth ; from 1651 to 1664, assistant at Ply-
mouth Court; 1653, with eight others, on the Coun-
cil of War ; 1654, sent with Commander-in-Chief
of Massachusetts forces to Manhattan, to assist him
with advice and counsel ; 1665, he was appointed
by Colonel Nicholes, Mayor of New York, and
twice held the place. He was the first English
Mayor of New York. See Hutchinson's " History
of Massachusetts," or "Genealogical History of
Rhode Island," by John O. Austin : or Appleton's
No. 5 — John Brown had been acquainted with
Pilgrims of Leyden prior to his arrival in America,
about i633-r6;,4. He was elected Assistant 1636,
and held the office by annual election for seventeen
yenrs ; 1643, the Plymouth, Massachusetts, Con-
necticut and New Haven colonies united in a con-
federacy, styled the United Colonies. Each colony
sent two Commissioners. John Brown was chosen
from 1644 for twelve years. See Savage's "Geneal-
Strong fraternal affection seems to be a heritage
on both sides of our family, whether looking at
the two little Henshaw brothers, who met the vicis-
situdes of life together, or the affection which ex-
isted between my brother and myself It gives me
joy to see the same feelings strongly e.xemplified in
mj- sons, and I hope they will convey- the same to
their children, teaching each family a special love
for each other, and a warm interest in the general
whole. " Vou must always love your little sister
dearly," I heard a Henshaw mother say, "for there
is no one in the whole world so near to you as she
is, because there is no one else in the whole
world who has the same mother and father as your-
self I" Such teachings will ensure family affection.
I hope my descendants will be united, will look
after the helpless and the unfortunate in their
connection, and will reverence our Father in
Heaven, to whom I here record mj- fervent thanks
for all his goodness to me and mine.
THE PEDIGREE OF JOSHUA HENSHAW,
(With note< by John Heriihi^ of Boston)
Being a copy of the genealogy prepared by Robert
Dale, Richmond Herald of the Herald's College,
London, for use in the High Court of Chancery
as a legal document in the suit instituted hj- Joshua
Henshaw in the year i6SS, to recover his inher-
He.nrv III., of E-Jg!and;
John of Gaunt;
Joan or Beaifort,
married to Richard Nevii.. Earl of Westmoreland;
Richard Nevil, Earl of Salisbury;
Eleanor Nfa'ii,, married
Thomas Staxlev, Earl of Derbj-
(she was sister to the great Earl of Warwick called
(he was the one held hostage b>' Richard III.):
George Stanley died before hi.s father, the Earl
of Derby, and his eldest son, Thomas, as above,
succeeded as Earl of Derby. The second son,
James St.vni.kv, of Crosshall, Lancashire, had as
heir his son,
(of Bickerstaff or Bickerstagh, Lancashire).
In 1735 the elder branch of the Stanleys became
extinct in the male line, and the earldom reverted
to the younger line, descended from Hexky Stax-
LKY, who is ancestor to the present Earls of Derby.
This same Henry Stanley had a daughter,
Margaret Stanley, who married
Richard Houghton — about 1587.
The marriage gave satisfaction, and the father of
each made extensive marriage settlements in favor
of the pair. Evan Houghton was father of Rich-
ard Houghton. He gave his son Wavetree Hall,
Penketh Hall and 107 acres of land near Liverpool.
This was part of the property which JoSHU.v
Henshaw tried to recover.
Richard Houghton and M.argaret Stanley
had a son, viz.:
Ev.VN Houghton, married
Ellen Parker, of Ridgehall, Lancashire;
their only child was a daughter, viz.:
Katherine Houghton, married
William Henshaw, in 1630.
They lived at Wavetree Hall, near Liverpool.
were abducted and sent to New England in 1633.
As related, the father of these boys, William
Hknshaw, and their grandfather, E\'an Hough-
ton, were killed at the capture of Liverpool in
1644, Their mother died in 1651.
Joshua Henshaw married
Klizabeth Sumner, of Dorchester, Mass.
Their children were :
William, the eldest, died without i-sue, and
Joshua became heir of the estate.
With the children of Joshta Henshaw I. ends
the docnnient of the Herald's College. It was
made out for Joshua Hknshaw I., and filed in
1692. A copy of it was made in 1S44, which copy
was certified by the then Pnrsuivant-at-Arms of
the Herald's College, G. A. Collen. Other certi-
fied copies have since been obtained.
showing the descent of the California branch from
Joshua Hkxshaw I.,
who was abducted and .sent to this country in 1653
when eleven years of age.
Joshua He.nshaw I., born in Liverpool, England,
in 1642, married Elizabeth Sumner, of Dor-
chester, in 1670. Theirchildren, viz: William,
died unmarried; born 1670. Joshua IL, bom
1672, died 1747. Thankful, married Natha-
iiiel Lemon, of B' sto;^ John, boru i6So, died
unmarried. Samufl. Ei.izarkth, Kather-
I N K .
JosHL'A II., married Makv Webber. Their chil-
dren, Daniel, ancestor of the California
Iiraiich, Josiir A III., JuiiN, J.vmks, ^^■II.I.I.\^^,
I).\nii;l, the above, eldest son of JosHr.\ II. and
Maky Wi-BBER Henshaw, married Eliza-
beth B.\ss, great-gr.i:iddaughter of John Al-
den. Tlieir children, fourteen in number.
D.\nii:l. died unmarried; Jo.smw I\'., died
unmarried; Jo.seph. born 1727, visited Eng-
land, recognized the Henshaw arm.s on a car-
riage (see page 9'': Makv, Bi:NjA:\[tN, (ances-
tor of the California Icanch), John, John II.,
Eliz.\beth, \VILLIA.^L Adjutant General of
Colonial Army (see page 34), Eliz.\.beth II.,
M.\RV, l).v\ii) (ancestor of the Ward branch),
Hann.\h, D.\nihl II.
Bexjamix, son of the above and ancestor of the
California branch, born 1729, married Hui.daii
ScmnEr; lived in Middletovvn, Ct. Their
children, DvNiiL, married Esther Prentiss;
was ancestor of the Providence branch. Ben-
jA>riN. JosHi-A v., ancestor of the California
branch: Ei.izaseth, married Major Meigs;
Sarah, married Dr. Samuel Hayward, Boston.
JosHr.\, son of the above and ancestor of the Cali-
fornia branch, born 1765; married Esthi-.r
Burnham; ren-.oved to Canada. Their chil-
dren, Jo.SKPH, carried Grace Josephine Sands,
of Brooklyn; Maria, married Moncrief Blair;
AsHBEL, married, first March, second Avery;
lived in Louisiana. Caroline, married, fiist
Cox, second George Holt, of Quebec. Charles
J., married Cornelia Middagh, of Brooklyn.
Esther, married Charles Holt, of Quebec.
George, married Maria Holt. John Leavitt,
ancestor of the California branch, born in
Middlebury, Vt.. 1792; died at Montreal of
JciHN Leavitt Hknshaw, the above, married
Anxe Cory, of Providence, R. I. Their chil-
dren, John Cory Henshaw, Caroline Hen-
sHAw, Anne Henshaw, Frederick Will-
iam Henshaw, Edward Cakringtox Hen-
SHAW, George Holt Henshaw.
John Leavitt Henshaw was the ancestor of the
California branch, and his descendants are that
branch's nearest relati\-es.
showing the descendants of Jdiin Lean'itt and
Annic Cory Hiinshaw, being nearest of kin
to the California branch.
Jdhn Cory Henshaw, married A.mi;ll\ X. Ki-:l-
LOGG, of Brooklyn, I,. L; died leaving no chil-
C.VRoi.iNi:, married THO^^\s ^L^RCH, of Brooklyn,
L. L; removed to Illinois; both deceased.
Their children : Two sons, also deceased; one
daughter, Elizabeth, married Georoi-. St.
Amant, of Paris, France.
Anne, married Rev. C.\n'on Anderson, of Mon-
treal, Canada. She died in iSgi. Their chil-
dren : \Vii,lia:^i, married Einelia Boyle; Mon-
tague, married Miss Rnbridge ; Charles
Henshaw; Alice, married Xathan Mercer;
Constance. All living in Canada in 1894.
Frederick William, married M.\ria Scott, of
Montreal, Canada. Their children : Freder-
ick C, married Miss MacDougall; Arthur,
married Beatrice Shepherd; Marv Ethel,
married Forbes Angus.
ICdward Carrington Henshaw, married S.vrah
Edwards Tvler, March Sth, 1S49. Their
children; I^dward Tvler, married May Ran-
lett; Ch-VRLES Edw.VRDS, deceased in child-
hood; St.\nli:v, deceased in childhood; Fred-
erick William, married Grace S. Tubbs;
Wileiam Griffith, married Hetty Stuart
Tubbs; Tvler, married Ida Harrington.
George Holt Hexshaw, married Cornelia M.
BiRDSALL. Their children : George Her-
bert, Sarah Middagh, married Clarence
F. Childs; Frederick Valdemar, Esther
Holt, Walter Percival St. George. Cor-
showing the de.scendants of Edward Carrixgton
and Sarah Edwards Henshaw, called "the
Edward Tvlkk Henshaw, married May Ran-
LETT. Their children ; Mary Edwards Hen-
shaw, John Cory Henshaw, Thomas Dale
Frederick William Hexshaw, married Grace
Susan Tubbs. Their children : Tyler Tubes,
Stanley Tvbbs, Frederick Tibbs.
William Griffith Henshaw, married Hetty
Stuart Tubes. Their children : Alla Sa-
rah, Florence Adams, William Griffith
The name Joshua was preserved in the family
through seven generations. The last Joshua Hen-
shaw, as far as known, died in San Francisco with-
out issue in 1885. The eighth and ninth genera-
tions, to which ray children and their children
belong, respectively, have not, as far as I know,
any Joshua Henshaw among them.
OUR DESCENT OX MV MOTHER'S SIDE.
Richard, third (?) son of Ti.mothv and Rhoda
(Ogden) Edwards, born 1766 ; married Alla
Visa Griffin, of Abington, Ct., 1794; died
at Cooperstown, N. Y., 1807; wife died in
Stockbridge, Mass., iSii.
They left the following children:
Timothy, born 1795; married Hall, in
Chatham, Ct. ; died 1838, leaving five chil-
dren, names unknown.
RiCH.VRD, born 1797 ; married in Baltimore, ;
died , leaving several children, names un-
Ali.a M.\kv, born 1799; married Edwin Tvli-:k,
of Brooklyn, Ct., 1S21 ; died 1S33 ; husband
died 1S38. Their children, Sarah Edwards,
born 1S22, married linw.VRD Carrington
Hknshaw, of Brooklyn, X. V. Had four
children. Edwin, born 1S27, died 1868, un-
Charles Griffin, born 1801 ; married ; died
1858, leaving no children.
THE TYLER PEDIGREE.
Job . Tyler, born, Shropshire, England, 1619;
wite, Mary , married in Renport, R. I.,
163S. Were among the first settlers of Rhode
HoPESTiLE Tyler, born Groton, Mass., 1646;
married Mary , of Andover, Mass ; died
D.\NiEL Tyler I., born Groton, Mass., 1673 ; mar-
ried Amey Geer, May 28, 1700, at Groton,
Ct. ; died 1784-5, at Groton, Ct.
D.\xiEL Tyler II., born Groton, Ct., February 22,
1 701 ; married Mehit.\ble Shurtleff, as
second wife, September iS, 1742 (she was born
in Plynipton 17161; he died in Brooklyn, Ct.,
Daniel Tyler III., born Brooklyn, Ct., May 21,
1750; graduated Harvard 1771; married S.\rah
Edwards, widow of Benjamin Chaplin,
August, 1790 (as second wife) ; died April i,
1832, at Brooklyn, Ct.
Edwin Tvlkk, boru November 24, 1793; married
Alla Marv Edwards, 1821 ; died August
Sarah Edwards Tvler, born September iS, 1822;
married Edward Carrington Henshaw,
March 8, 1849.
showing the paternal descent of the California
branch of the Henshaw family from Presi-
. DENT Jonathan Edwards.
Jonathan Edwards married Sarah Pierpont.
Their eldest son,
TixioTHV, married Rhoda Ogden.
Their eldest daughter,
Sarah Edwards, married Daniel Tvi.er III.,
Edwin Tvler, married Alla Mary Edwards,
Sarah Edwards Tyler, married Edward Car-
RiNGTON Henshaw, 1S49.
Their children :
Edward Tyler, Frederick William,
Charles Edwards, Williaim Griffith,
showing descent of the California branch of Hen'-
SHAw.s from President Jonathan Edwards.
through my mother, Alla Mary Edwards.
Jonathan Edwards married Sarah Pierpont.
Timothy Edwards, married Rhoda Ogden.
Their third son,
Richard Edwards, born 1766, married Aij.a
\"iSA Griffin, 1794; died at Cooperstown,
N. Y., in 1S07 ; wife died in Stockbridge,
Mass, , I S 1 1 .
Their only daughter,
A1.1.A Mary Edwards, born 1799, married Edwin-
Tyler, of Brooklyn, Ct., 1S21 ; died, 1833.
Sarah Edwards, born 1S22. married Edward
Carkington Hi;nshaw, 1S49.
Edwin Tyi.er, born 1827 ; died, unmarried, 1S6S.
OUR DESCENT FROM JOHN OGDEN, OF
John Ogdex married Joan Bond ; died 16S2.
Jonathan, married Rebecca Wood ; died 1732.
Robert, born i6£6, married Hannah Crane ;
Robert, born 1716, married Phcebe Hatfield;
member of Stamp Act Congress, 1765 ; died
Rhoda, married Timothy Edwards.
Sarah, married (ist; Benjajiin Chaplin ; (2nd)
Edwin Tyler, married Alla Mary Edward.s ;
Sakah Edwards Tvlf.k, married Edward C.
Tlieir cbildreu :
Edward Tvi.er Hlnshaw.
Frederick William Kf.nshaw.
\VlLLL\M GRITKITH HeNSHAW.
Tyler Hensiiaw. ^
H I \ I) E R \ I N <
N MANCHESTER. INDIANA 46962