Skip to main content

Full text of "Our family : a little account of it for my descendants"

See other formats


Pljei,iq LIBRARY 

Ill mil 

3 1833 01235 6231 




/^:^^»-^^ •yyz.^e^^^ -^ .^^^ -T/i^V -^^^ 


Our Family. 


By Sarah Edwards Henshaw, 




Members of Kasteni families, erowing up in the 
West, often lose all positive knowledge of their 
antecedents. As children, they have nothing to 
remind them of unseen, unknown relatives, and 
when the desire for such knowledge arises, there is 
too often no one left to impart it. A young gentle- 
man recently wrote to an elderly lady of my ac- 
^ . quaintance: "lam going Kast; you knew my par- 

-^ ents, and I beg you to tell me where to find my 

^ Such considerations are mv inducement to leave 

' behind me an account of our family connections, 

,i for the use of my descendants. I shall not attempt 

•* a genealogy, for this implies more accuracy in dates 

' than I can command at this distance. But I can 

^i ,, give a general outline of our family history, and 

■^ can fill it up to a certain extent with facts and tra- 


"Married. — March Sth, 1S49, at Harrisburg, Pa., 
Edward Carrington Henshaw to Sarah Kdwards 


Tyler. The ceremony was performed by Rev. 
Howland Coit, of St. Steplieu'.s Church." This 
notice of the marriage of my husband and myself 
suggests the subject of my story, viz.: my husband's 
family and my own. I will begin with the former. 



In the year 165,3 two little orphan brothers, named 
Joshua and Daniel Heushaw, eleven and nine years 
of age, set sail from Liverpool, where they had a 
home and large possessions, to go, as they sup- 
posed, to a school in London selected for them by 
their guardian. I think few American Henshaws 
will ever sail up the broad and beautiful Mersey, 
past the splendid heights of Piirkenhead, into a 
Liverpool dock, without thinking of these little 
boys, the eldest of whom is the ancestor, as far as 
known, of most of the Henshaws in America. 

Their story is so remarkable, so suggestive of 
the tale of the Babes in the Woods and the wicked 
uncle that, were it not supported by indubitable 
proof, it would inevitably be set down as a romance. 
I, m\self, so considered it. long after I was a mem- 
ber of the family, before looking into the evidence. 

But truth is sometimes stranger than fiction. 

There are now in existence two old escutcheons, 
inherited from an English ancestry, records and 
entries standing to-day on the books of the English 
High Court of Chancery, and abundant documents 
lying in the Herald's College at London, all of 
which attest the truth of the story to be here re- 
lated. This story has always been known in the 
family, but it is only within the present century 
that it has been established beyond a doubt. 

As stated, the two little Henshaw boys came 
over here in 1653. In the year 1844 Mr. John 
Henshaw, of Boston, Mass., brother of Hon. David 
K. Henshaw, Secretary of the Navy, requested a 
nephew of his, who was about to sail for ICurope, 
to look for some information of the Henshaw fam- 
ily in the city of Liverpool, their former home. 
This gentleman could learn nothing of his quest in 
Liverpool, and concluded to try the Heralds Col- 
lege in London, where the records of the English 
gentry and nobility are stored up. There he found 
a complete pedigree, and many other documents, 

giving the informatiou desired. He obtaiued certi- 
fied copies of these aud brought them home. The 
original documents, of course, still lie in the Her- 
ald's College, and will lie there while the English 
nation lasts. ' • 

Certified copies of these documents are now in 
the possession of different branches of the family: 
In Boston, in Montreal, and in California. In the 
year 1S92 my son, William Griffith Henshaw, being 
then in London, visited the Herald's College aud 
obtaiued official copies, which lie before me as I 

The Henshaws came originally from a Cheshire 
family, known as "Henshaws of Henshaw." They 
were a county family of such consideration that (to 
quote from the Herald's document) "there, in St. 
Sylvester's Church in the city of Chester, and in 
many other places, their arms remain." 

One branch of this family went northward into 
Lancashire, where they were known as the Hen- 
shaws of Derby and of Toxter (or Toxteth) Park. 



This branch has its sole representatives in the 

American Henshaws. Another branch is found in / 

Sussex and other Southern counties, and in the 

city of London. In 15S7 William Henshaw, of this 

branch, was buried in Worth, in the County of 

Sussex. "His funeral was attended by the Heralds, 

and after the ceremony the hatchments were hung 

up in the church. His ancestors :vere of Cheshire." 

I quote from the official documents spoken of. 

Some of this ("Southern ) branch were admitted to 
the Inner Temple; some went into the Church. One 
was a Canou of Chichester Cathedral, and Lord 
Bishop of Peterborough. Some lived in Devon: 
some in London. 

How it came to be assured that the Henshaws of 
Cheshire, Lancashire and Sussex were of the same 
family is quite curious. It all turned upon the x 

family arms. \ 

As explained on page 11, the Lancashire Hen- 
shaws had the family arms confirmed to them by 
Royal Commission. These were the same arms as 

those borne by the Iletishavvs of Cheshire: now 
the Herald's College expressly states that the an- 
cestors of the Sussex or the South of England 
Henshaws "zcei-e of Cheshire." 

Soon after our Revolution Joseph Henshaw, of 
Boston, Mass., went to England. He was a charm- 
ing man, a graduate of Harvard, a tuan of letters, 
a Judge of the County of Worcester, and had been 
Colonel in the War of the Revolution. 

He saw, otieday, in the citj- of London, a carriage 
passing which bore his o:cn family nuns. He fol- 
lowed, and introduced himself to the occupant, who 
proved to be a Henshaw, and who acknowledged 
the American as a kinsman. A warm friendship 
was the result; so warm that the English Henshaw 
urged the American to remain in England, promis- 
i ing him all the family influence. 

This generous Southern branch has now run out, 

j and is represented by the female line. Its last male 

\ representative was Benjamin Henshaw, of Moor 

Hall, County Essex. He had four daughters, but 


no son. His eldest daughter, Mar>- Alice Henshaw, 
married Frazer Bradshaw Smith, and by a royal 
decree, dated March 4tli, 1845, they and their issue 
are authorized to assume the name and arms of 

Whether any Henshaws remain in Cheshire 
County, I have no means of knowing. Their rec- 
ords in the Herald's College ceased about the mid- 
dle of the i7tb century, making it probable that 
their line has become e.xtinct. 

The Northern, or Lancashire branch, exists no 
more in luigland, but is found solely in America. three branches of the Henshaw farailx' 
bold the same armorial bearings. It was custom- 
ary to introduce some slight variation into the fam- 
ily escutcheon to indicate a special branch, but the 
Henshaws held to the original arms, whether in 
Cheshire, Lancashire or Su.ssex. 

Owing to the practice of varying the escutcheon 
to indicate collateral relationships, great abuses 
crept into heraldry. Some went so far as to assume 




I the bearings of quite another famil)-. Consequently 

1 James I. instit-^ted a Commission of Heraldry, 

which sat in various parts of the kingdom and re- 
viewed the whole subject, confirming the right and 
title of some families to the escutcheons which thej- 
bore, and revoking that of others. Under this com- 
mission it is recorded that the arms of Thomas 
Henshaw, of Derby, Countj- Lancashire, were co}i- 
lirmed to him: a great satisfaction under such an 
investigation, and in those times. 

Thomas Henshaw, of Derby, died at the family 
home in Toxter or Toxteth) Park, about 1631. 
He had three so:i.--: two of them died before him 
without issue, thus leaving his eldest son, William 
Henshaw, of Toxter Park, his sole male repre- 

isentative. William Henshaw married Katherine 
Houghton, of Waverlree Hall, near Liverpool. 
This marriage took place, as will be seen from its 
date, during the troublous times of Charles L, when 
the nation was convulsed iu the throes of a revolu- 


Wavertree Hall, pronounced and often spelled 
Wartres Hall, was one of the many estates of the 
Houghton family, and passed by marriage to Will- 
iam Henshaw. It stood in West Derby, in the en- 
virons of Liverpool. It is represented as a pile of 
stone of severe architectural lines, with beautiful 
grounds. The building stood as late as 1850 ; then 
it was sold to the city of Liverpool, the Hall was 
deraolished, and the grounds were divided between 
City Park and Botanical G.irdens. 

Here it was that the young couple were "seated." 
It was a notable marriage on both sides. The 
Houghton wealth was all concentrated upon the 
bride who %vas an heiress in her own right, while 
the groom was an only son, a man of wtalth, a 
warm opponent of the encroachments of Charles I., 
and is said to have served as a member of Parlia- 
ment, and as a colonel in the Parliamentary arm\-. 
I'Aaii Houghton, Ivsq., his fatht-rin-law, was an 
ardent Koundliead, acquainted, it is said, with fines 


and imprisomueiit, there being evidence that he 
spent seven years in prison. 

And now it is necessary to introduce upon our 
stage the Rev. Richard Mather, the same who was 
the father of Increase, and grandfather of Cotton 
Mather. He was born at Lowton, in Lancashire, 
in 1596. When he was fifteen years of age he 
went to Toxter Park, and served there in various 
capacities as schoolmaster and curate, and perhaps 
tutor and chaplain, for twenty- five years. He went 
to Oxford when he was twenty-two, and having 
taken his course there, he returned to Toxter Park. 
In 1633 he was suspended for nonconformity. 
Through the influence of powerful friends he was 
restored the following year, but again suspended. 
In 1635 he fled to New England, and in the colony 
of Massachusetts Bay he became pastor of the 
church at Dorchester, and there remained until he 
died in 1669. 

His life in Toxter (or Toxteth) Park extended 
from 161 r to 1635, in all twenty-four years, with 

the exception of the four years spent at Oxford. 
The Henshaw family belonged to Toxter Park and 
were his sympathizers in religion and in politics ; 
and it was while the Rev. Richard Mather lived 
there, that the notable marriage took place between 
William Henshaw and Katherine Houghton, sole 
heiress of her family. In the terrible wrong per- 
petrated upon the children of this marriage, the 
Rev. Richard Mather bore a sinister part. 

Katherine Houghton was a great heiress and pos- 
sessed the right to quarter her arms with those of 
her husband. (The name seems to have been pro- 
nounced as though it were spelled Hocton. ■ Her 
family had large possessions and a high descent, 
their blood claiming a strain of royalty. Four no- 
table women adorned the Houghton pedigree, viz.: 
Katherine Houghton, Margaret Stanle.w Eleanor 
Xevill, and Joan of Beaufort. 

The grandmother of Katherine Houghton was 
Margaret Stanley: the great grandmother of Mar- 
garet Stanley was Eleanor Xevill; the grandmother 




of Eleanor Xevill was Joan of Beaufort, daughter 
of John of Gaunt, " Time-honored Lancaster." 

Or, to begin with John of Gaunt : his daughter, 
Joan of Beaufort, married Richard Nevill, Earl of 
Westmoreland. Tlieir son, Richard Nevill, Earl of 
Salisbury, had for his son Richard Nevill, the 
great Earl of Warwick, (called the Kingmaker): 
while his daughter was Eleanor Nevill, who mar- 
ried Thomas Stanlej-, Earl of Derby. Lord George 
Stanley, their eldest son, was held hostage by Rich- 
ard IIL, died l)efore his father, leaving two .sons, 
of whom the elder, Thomas Stanley, came to the 
earldom of Derby. The younger son, James Stan- 
ley, had a son, Henry Stanley, of BickerstafFe, Lan- 
cashire, who was father of sons and also of a daugh- 
ter, Margaret Stanley. Margaret Stanley married 
Richard Houghton, and their only son was Sir 
Evan Houghton, who married Ellen Parker, of 
Ridgehall, and their only child and heiress was 
Katherine Houghton, who married Col. William 



Henshaw, of Toxter Park, sou of Tboiiias Heu- 
sliaw of Derby. 

As is evident, if I ha\e made this desceut clear, 
it was through Margaret Stanley that the one drop 
of princely blood came into the veins of the Hough- 
tons. And it was through Margaret Stanley, or 
rather, her marriage settlements, that the Hough- 
tons were destroyed. 

The elder line of the Stanlc)- family (Ivarls of 
Derby) became extinct in 17,^5, and the earldom 
reverted to the younger line, descended from Henrj' 
Stanley, of Bickerstaffe, Margaret Stanley's father. 

Margaret Stanley and Richard Houghton were 
married in 1585. There was abundant wealth on 
both sides. Richard Hougliton's father, ICvau 
Houghton, settled on him Wavertree Hall, Pen- 
keth Hall, and 107 acres of land in or near the city 
of Liverpool. The bride also was richly endowed. 
Tiic marriage settlements are dated October Sth, 
tweuty-.seventh year of Elizabeth. They stipulated 
that should the issue of the marriage fail, the prop- 


erty should revert to the "right heirs," or, in other 
words, should go back to the legal heirs of their 
respective families. This seemingly harmless pro- 
vision, as public events turned out, procured the 
plunder of their estate, the exile of their descend- 
ants, and the obliteration of their name from the 
annals of English gentry. 

As has been said, the sole issue of this marriage 
was Evan Houghton, and the sole issue of /;/j mar- 
riage was Katherine Houghton. She married Col. 
William Henshaw. Would there be any issue of 
this marriage ? The question must have been a 
matter of great interest to the right heirs, and for a 
long time it seemed as if their prospects of inherit- 
ing the large estate were almost assured. It was 
twelve years before the heir, so desirable and so 
undesirable, so welcome and so unwelcome, was 
born to this pair. They were married in 1630 and 
their eldest son, Joshua Henshaw, was not born 
until 1642. A second son was born in 1644 and 
was named Daniel. In that interval Katherine 



Henshaw had become a widow and her children 
fatherless. Her mother was smitten by the same 
blow, for William Henshaw and Evan Houghton 
died together in defense of Liverpool, and the sec- 
ond child was not born until a few weeks after this 
double tragedy. Thick and fast the tears must 
have fallen in Wavertree Hall. 

I have often wondered what was in the stern soul 
of Katherine Henshaw when she named her second 
son Daniel. Born, as he was. only a few weeks 
after her father and ht-r husband were slain fighting 
against tyranny, papacy and the Stuarts, it would 
seem impossible that she should give him any other 
than the name of one or both of those political mar- 

But in that struggle names were significant. 
The name Joshua clearly pointed to the hope that 
the first-born would help to lead the nation from 
bondage to liberty; from another Egypt to another 
promised land. Did the name Daniel darkly hint 
at a handwriting on the wall which meant the fall 


of another Babylon— as the Roundheads were wont 
to call Catholicism — and the destruction of the Stu- 
art dynast}- ? If so, Katherine Heushaw lived to 
see the fulfillment of her bitter prophecy in the 
execution of Charles I., which took place two years 
before her own death. 

Katherine Henshaw and her mother, both wid- 
owed by the same stroke, lived but seven years 
longer, and died within ten weeks of each other, 
in the year 1651. Tlie two little boys, then seven 
and nine years of age, were left orphans, without 
near relatives, and with an itnmense inheritance. 

Here is an inventory of the real estate which they 
inherited from the Houghtons, not counting the 
property of their father. It comes from the Her- 
ald's College : 

Wavertree Hall, Lands iu Liverpool, 

Penketh Hall, Lands in Ellell, 

Lands in Penyngton, Lands in Carltou, 
Lands in Worsely, Lands in Sowerby, 

Newton in Mackinfield, Lands in Warton, 
Lands in Knowlsley, Houses in Lancaster. 


Such an estate and such young heirs needed, of 
course, some one to care for them. The nearest 
relative and doubtless right heir on their mother's 
side, Peter Ambrose, removed to Wavertree Hall, 
and entered upon his fateful stewardship. The 
temptation was too great. Only those two little 
boys between himself and the goal of his long-cher- 
ished desires ! 

After two )-ears of administration, he made need- 
ful arrangements, and on pretense of sending them 
away to school, placed them on board a vessel 
bound for New England. It was an easy abduc- 
tion, for Liverpool had already an active trade with 
Boston. They xccre scut to ilie Rev. Richard Mather, 
in Dorchester, Massachnsclls Bay! The family tra- 
dition says that a large sum of money was sent with 
them, for which no account was exacted. 

To explain t'leir absence, Peter Ambrose gave 
out that he had placed them at a school near Lou- 
don. Time went on, but Wavertree Hall saw its 
young masters no more. Time still went on. Sev- 

eral years of absence could be accounted for by the 
necessities of education and of travel; then the 
Great Plague broke out opportunely, and Peter 
Ambrose announced that they had both died of 
that disease. 

It was in 1653 that the two boys were thus ab- 
ducted and deported, and reported dead at the ages 
respectively of nine and eleven years, two years 
alter the death of their mother and grandmother. 

It was a rigorous fate. The Pilgrim Fathers 
themselves had come over only about thirty years 
before, and the feeble colonies were still struggling 
for existence against poverty, hardship and the 
savage. Friendless and helpless, stripped of their 
all, these two children were plunged from affluence 
to poverty, from the tenderness of loving women 
lost to them not so very long before, to the sinister 
kindness and actual treachery of pretended friends. 

The boys grew up in Dorchester and married 
there. The Rev. Richard Mather did not go to his 
account until the elder of the two was twenty-seven 

years of afje. A word from him would have righted 
their bitter wrong, but that word was never spoken. 

The following extract from a letter written me 
bj- my brother-in-law, Mr. F. W. Henshaw, of 
Montreal, Canada, will .show the estimate placed 
upon the Rev. Richard Mather by the Henshaw 
family : " My belief is that he was in collusion with 
the wretch, Ambrose, in defrauding the two boys — 
Henshaws. His silence as to their history, which 
he unquestionably knew all about, is strong enough 
evidence of his complicity in the dastardly act." 

How and when a knowledge of that wrong came 
to them does not appear. But in i6S8, Joshua 
Henshaw, then forty-six years of age, a husband, a 
father of six children (one an infant in arms), set- 
tled up his affairs, made his will, and sailed for 
England to regain his plundered inheritance. The 
remainder of his checquered life — and he lived to 
be .seventy-seven years of age- -was given up to 
that quest. Hearts must have been wrung at that 


parting, including that of the only brother who had 
been his companion in all vicissitudes. 

He found Peter Ambrose dead, and his son, 
Joshua Ambrose, installed as his father's heir and 
owner of Wavertree Hall. 

To retain his own plunder, and to avoid ques- 
tions, Peter Ambrose was obliged, of course, when 
he announced the death of the boys, to pass over 
to the Stanleys such part of the estate as reverted 
to them under the marriage settlements of Margaret 
Stanley. Therefore, all this portion of the inheri- 
tance of Joshua Henshaw had become the property 
of that powerful family. And this was only one of 
the many discouragements. 

He left his country a boy of eleven years 
of age; he returned to it a man of forty-six, 
moulded in character and manners by a hard life in 
a new country. For thirty-five years he had dis- 
appeared from view; for twenty-two years his rela- 
tives, with the exception of Peter Ambrose, had 
believed him dead, and had enjoyed his inheritance. 


Who was this strange man, claiming the name and 
estate of an English boy dead a quarter of a cen- 
tury ? An impostor, doubtless ! And thus his 
nearest relatives on both sides were the most inter- 
ested in denying his identity. 

In politics conditions were equally disheartening. 
The Restoration had brought back the Stuarts, 
against whom the father and tjraudfather of Joshua 
Ilenshaw had fought to the death. The Stuarts 
were never remarkable for magnanimity, and to 
their thinking the estate of a Roundhead ought to 
be confiscated, even were it not already stolen. 
\'cnal judges filled the courts, led by the terrible 
Jeflfreys. What likelihood lor justice here? 

With the intrepidity of his ancestors, and noth- 
ing daunted, Joshua Henshaw entered upon his 
work. He determined to sue for his rights before ^ 

the High Court of Chancery. The first < 

thing needful was to prove his pedigree. For this 
purpose he engaged the services of a noted geneal- 
ogist, Mr. Robert Dale, Richmond Herald, of the 


Herald's College of that dale. Mr. Dale made out 
his pedigree with all the care and accuracy neces- 
sary for its use as a legal document in the coining 
suit. This was the pedigree found in the Herald's 
College in 1844 by the nephew of Mr. John Hen- 
shaw, of Boston. Until then its existence was 

Joshua Henshavv promptly filed his bill in Chan- 
cery against Ambrose, and to this bill Ambrose put 
in his answer. Then Joshua Henshaw. while wait- 
ing the slow motions of court, hurried back to New 
England to obtain certain evidence. It was on this, 
his one visit home, that he brought over and left 
the two escutcheons of the family. His errand 
done, he hurried to Old England again. His watch- 
ful enemies had lost no time in pushing the suit to 
a hearing during his short absence. The case had 
been called, and dismissed from the docket, "with 
seven nobles cost," on motion of the defendant, on 
the ground of the non-appearance of the plaintiff. 

Joshua Henshaw had his case promptly restored 


to the docket, and it was kept there, slumbering, 
for nearly thirty years; whereas the lively activity 
which called it up and removed it from the docket 
occurred in the first two years of his stay in 
linglatid. But he left the scene no more; doubt- 
less homesick and heartsick enough, he watched 
and waited, and held on, and gave his enemies no 
further chance to profit by his absence. What he 
was doing during all that weary time can only be 
conjectured. Communication was slow and uncer- 
tain; correspondence was difficult, and subject to 
sunrillaiicf. His brother's only son died ; his brother 
himself died; his own eldest son, William, died, as 
did also his second son, Joshua; but nothing relaxed 
his vice like grip, or induced him to leave England. 
It is the family tradition that secret, powerful in- 
fluence from the Stanley family cast him iu prison, 
where he spent several of his weary years of wait- 
ing, and wlicrc, he had reason to believe, an agent 
was employed to remove him by slow poison. 

For it had become a threatening outlook for "the 


right heirs." Here was this plaiiitifT who, with 
undaunted courage and heroic patience, continually 
demanded justice; whose claims were enforced by 
a bill in Chancery, and sustained by a pedigree 
issued from the highest authority in the land; who 
demanded restitution of large sums and incomes, 
and of larger estates, and offered proofs of the ab- 
duction of an English boy and the plunder of his 
inheritance, to the everlasting disgrace of family 
reputations. And the day was approaching when 
the case must be heard, and when no device could 
delay it longer. 

The times, also, were more propitious for obtain- 
ing justice in English courts. In the days of the 
Stuarts English courts of justice have been called 
"caverns of murder." But the courts had gradu- 
ally become "purified." Another revolution was 
in progress in 1688, the year of Joshua Henshaw's 
return to England, and James Stuart became a 
fugitive. Joshua Henshaw's weary stay covered 
the reigns of Willam and Mary, of Queen Anne, 



and of a part of the reign of George I., during all 
of which time he was praying for justice from the 
English High Court of Chancery. 

At last the case was at hand. Apparently no 
subterfuge could delay it longer. Joshua Heu- 
shaw's prospects were bright in proportion. The 
devotion of his father and grandfather in opposi- 
tion to the Catholic Stuarts would give added 
weight to his cause before a Protestant court, repre- 
senting a Protestant succession. 

Then it was that Joshua Henshaw received over- 
tures from Ambrose, who invited him to a banquet, 
on the pretense of a desire for an amicable com- 
promise. Almost while at the entertainment, 
Joshua Henshaw was seized with a sudden illness, 
and died in a few hours. In the Henshaw family 
it has always been believed that the son of Peter 
Ambrose finished his father's treachery by poison; 
Hut this conclusion is not inevitable, for he was by 
this time an old man. The suit was then dropped 
from the docket, for want of a prosecutor. 

Joshua Hensha%v died in 17 19, being then 
seventy-seven years of age. The last thirty-one 
years of his hard and checquered life he spent in 
England, vainly seeking jnstice. He did not leave 
his children the splendid estate which was his 
right; but he left them a nobler inheritance — as 
much nobler as undaunted courage, and resistance 
of wrong, and trust in God, are better than gold 
and lands. The same qualities which led his father 
and grandfather to fight to the death against injus- 
tice inspired his one gallant fight for his rights. 
And' we may well hope that his descendants will be 
worthy of such an ancestor. 

Joshua Henshaw, the elder of the two brothers, 
alone left descendants. The younger brother, Dan- 
iel, married, but his only child, a son, died, unmar- 
ried, before his father. Therefore, all the American 
Henshaws of the Lancashire branch are descended 
from the elder brother. 

The Colonial Henshaws were for the most part 
men of substance and of character, religious, de- 

vout, passionately attached to liberty, intrepid, 
courteous, fine-mauuered — "gentlemen," as we say 
now, "of the old school." And it is safe to say 
that they never lost consciousness of their gentle 
blood. They had large families, and they thought 
much of their wives. The first Joshua, in return- 
ing to England, made his wife his sole executrix, 
gave her the whole income of his estate until she 
remarried, and in that event "her rightful third." 
I have seeu a copy of this will, and its tone of de- 
vout submission, and trust in God, were to me 
most impressive. 

His son, Joshua II., not only left his estate to 
his wife for her life, but by will authorized her to 
cut off with five pounds any child who objected to 
tlie arrangement. "The Henshaws know how to 
select a good wife" is an adage in the family. Let 
us hope that it is a gift which will descend by in- 
heritance, for "a good wife is a blessing from tlu- 

The Colonial Henshaws spread from Dorchester 

in various directions, settling in Boston, Leicester, 
Worcester, Northampton, Lancaster and Shrews- 
bury, down into Connecticut and up into Vermout 
Joshua Henshaw IIL was a Bostonian, and took a 
prominent part in public affairs, preceding and dur- 
ing the Revolution. 

He was the associate of Otis, Phillips and Adams. 
He was born in 1703, and died in 1777. His por- 
trait, taken by Copley, is owned in the Boston 
branch of the family, and has been lithographed 
for family use. 

The large families of the Colonial Henshaws, 
consisting mostly of sons, can best be illustrated by 
a mention which will also show the impossibility of 
tracing them up in a slight sketch like this. 
Joshua I. married Mary Sumner and their children 
were as follows: William, Joshua H., Thankful, 
John, Samuel, Elizabeth, Katherine. 

Joshua IL, born 1672, married Mary Webber. 
Their childreu were as follows: Daniel, Joshua III., 


John, James, William, Samuel, Thomas, and 


Daniel married Elizabeth Bass in 1724. Their 
children were Daniel, Joshua IV., Jo.seph, Mary, 
Benjamin, John, John II., Elizabeth, William, Eliz- 
abeth II,, Mary B., David, Hannah, Daniel II., in 
all fourteen children. 

The most remarkable family of the Colonial Hen- 
shaws seems to have been that of Daniel Henshaw 
and Elizabeth Bass, the latter a great granddaugh- 
ter of John Alden. Their children were fourteen 
in number, and many of them made a mark in their 
generation. Whether this was because of more 
energy and ability, or because of the larger oppor- 
tunity afforded by our Revolutionary war, it might 
be invidious to inquire. I have already told in 
page 9 how Joseph Henshaw of thi.s family cap- 
tured the heart of his English relative who recog- 
nized his kinship by means of the Henshaw coat of 
arras borne by each. 

Benjamin Henshaw, another of this family, set- 

tied iu Middletown, Ct., where he established that 
branch from which ours is descended. A monu- 
ment bearing the name of Henshaw still lifts its 
head in the Middletown cemetery, and maj- be seen 
from the Connecticut river boats. It is all that 
remains in Middletown of the familj' of Benjamin 

It is difficult to believe now that Middletown and 
Newport were once more important seaports than 
Boston or New Vork. Benjamin Henshaw did not 
take up arms for his countrj- as did several of his 
brothers, but a tradition concerning him is worth 

He is said to have bought up at one time all 
incoming cargoes of salt, and when the Revolution 
brought a time of need, he presented this salt to 
the struggling cause of his government — not .selling 
it at an advanced price. And it is also said that 
when the exigencies of the service brought General 
Washington to Middletown, he called on Benjamin 


Hensliaw in person, to thank him for bis generosity 
and his loyalty. 

William Henshaw, another son, served as a lieu- 
tenant in the French and Indian war, and, when 
the Revolution broke out, was appointed adjutant- 
general of the army by the Provincial Congress of 
New England. He filled the position for some 
time, and then General Gates was appointed to the 
same office by the General American Congress, and 
assumed its duties at Cambridge. It is pleasant to 
read that no bad blood came of this <oiil>tUiiips, 
but that ou the contrary, .so warm a friendship 
sprang up between the two, that General Henshaw 
assisted General Gates for several months to get 
everything in hand, and named a son Horatio 
Gates Henshaw -facts which reflect credit ou both 
parties. William Henshaw was commissioned as 

David Henshaw, another son of Daniel and Eliz- 
abeth Bass Henshaw, served as captain in the 
Revolution, and is the ancestor of David K. Hen- 




shaw, formerly Secretary of the Navy, and of Mr. 
John Henshaw, of Boston, and also of the Ward 
branch. Lancaster and Leicester were their homes. 

From Daniel, the eldest son of Benjamin Hen- 
shaw, of Middletown, Ct., came Bishop Henshaw, 
bishop of Rhode Island, and several sisters, women 
of position and of many attractions. Madam Whit- 
ney, of Green Bay, was one of these; also Mrs. 
Post, whose husband Professor Post, was called the 
foremost orator in the Congregational Church; also 
Mrs. Robertson, whose husband was equally emi- 
nent in the Episcopal Church, first missionary of 
that church at Athens, Greece. When my hus- 
band was in Knoxville, Tenn., during the war of 
the Rebellion, he went one Sunday to church, and 
after service the clergyman came down from the 
pulpit and sought him out, saying: "I knew you 
must be a Henshaw from your resemblance to the 
Bishop." This is a good illustration of the strong 
family resemblance which exists in the family. 

Teresa Henshaw, born in Boston in 1791, mar- 

ried Edward Phillips, son of Governor Phillips, of 
the province of Massachusetts Bay. She was the 
daughter of Samuel and Martha Hunt Henshaw. 
She had two children, viz.: Edward Bromfield 
Phillips and Teresa Henshaw Phillips, both living 
unmarried in 1848. Wendell Phillips and Bishop 
Phillips Brooks are also of the family of Governor 

The son, Samuel Henshaw, moved from Dorches- 
ter to Northampton, Mass. I well remember the 
large Colonial house which belonged to his descend- 
ants, and often passed it when a school-girl at that 
place, little thinking that ray name would eventu- 
ally be that of the family who lived there. 

Many of the Henshaws have drifted away from 
all knowledge of their ancestors, but all seemed 
to have retained some tradition connecting them 
with the story of Joshua Henshaw. Thus it is evi- 
dent that the Colonial Henshaws were true to their 
family traditions in courage, devotion and love of 


The Hon. Joshua Hensliaw III., Col. William 
Henshaw, the friend of General Gates, Col. Joseph 
Heiishaw, who was held dear by English kinsmen, 
and Capt. David Henshaw— all bore part in our 
Revolution, with passionate zeal for the liberty of 
the Colonies. 

The Henshaw faniilj- is now so expanded in 

numbers that it is necessary to confine the remnant 

^ of the story to our own particular branch, that it 

may tell my children and children's children who 

are their nearest relatives. 

I will run hastily througli the descent of our 
branch from the first Joshua. 

Joshua Henshaw I. married Elizabeth Sumner, 

of Dorchester, Massachusetts Bav. 


Their eldest (surviving) son, Joshua Henshaw II., 
,;, married Mary Webber. 

Their eldest .son, Daniel, married Elizabeth Bass, 
granddaughter of John Alden. They had fourteen 
(14) children, of whom Benjamin was the fourth 
son. Benjamin .settled in Middletown, Conn. He 


was the ancestor of our branch. His eldest son 
was Daniel, ancestor of Bishop Henshaw, of Rhode 
Island. His second son, Joshua I\'., married 
Esther Burnham. Their eldest son, John Leavitt 
Henshaw, married Anne Cory, of Providence, R. I. 
Their children were as follows : 

John Cory Henshaw, 

Caroline Henshaw March, 

Anne Henshaw Anderson, 

Frederick W. Henshaw, 

Edward Carrington Henshaw (my husband), 

George Holt Henshaw. 

These and their descendants are my children's 
nearest relatives. 

John Ltavitt Henshaw, my husband's father, 
died in the first epidemic of cholera which visited 
this country, leaving a helpless family of six chil- 
dren, to whom his joungcr brother. Charles J. 
Henshaw, henceforth supplied the place of parent. 

I desire here to pay a tribute to the memory of 
Charles J. Henshaw, and his wife Cornelia Mid- 


dagh Henshaw. Never was there a more generous, 
large-hearted couple. Having no children of their 
own, their beautiful home and their abundant 
means were consecrated to the assistance of the 
orphan and the unfortunate throughout a long and 
disinterested life. When the day of reckoning 
comes which will come to us all, many will assur- 
edly rise up and call them blessed. 

John Cory Henshaw, who was a major in the 
United States army, died leaving no children. His 
wife, my beloved sister Amelia, resides in Xew 
York City. 

My husband's eldest sister, Mrs. March, died 
leaving one daughter, Madam George St. Amant, 
who has long resided in Paris, France. Her chil- 
dren, so far as I know, are George Stanley St. 
Amant, Marguerite D. St. Amant. 

The other sister, Anne Henshaw, married Rev. 
Canon William Anderson, of Sorel, Canada, who 
holds bis commission from the English crown and 
is the last one to do so, as hereafter the position 


will be filled by appointment by the Canadian gov- 
ernment. The children in that family are five, viz.: 
William Anderson married Amelia Boyle, Mon- 
tague Ander.son married Miss Rubidge, Alice 
Anderson married Nathan ^[e^cie, Constance An- 
derson, Charles Anderson. 

The family of Frederick William Henshaw lives 
in Montreal, Canada. He married Maria Louisa 
Scott, and their children are Frederick C. Henshaw, 
married Miss McDougal, Arthur Scott Henshaw, 
married Beatrice Sheppard, Mary Ethel Henshaw, 
married Forbes Angus. 

M\- husband, Edwartl Carrington Henshaw, en- 
tered the regular army after the war of the Rebel- 
lion, and died at Fort McKavitt, Texas, September 
i4lh, 1S72, leaving four sons, viz.: Edward Tyler 
Henshaw, born Dec. 4th, 1S49 : .Frederick William 
Henshaw, born Ma\ 24th, 1S5.S ; William Griffitl: 
Henshaw, born March 2Sth, 1S60: Tyler Henshaw, 
born February gth, 1S62. All were born at Otta- 
wa, Illinois. 


The eldest and j-ouiigest entered the business 
world. William is a banker, and Frederick has 
been on the bench several years. When elected he 
was the youngest judge on the bench of California. 

Edward Tyler married May Ranlett. Tlie_\- have 
three children, viz.; Mary Edwards, John Cory 
and Thomas Dale. 

Frederick William married Grace Tubbs. Their 
children are Tyler Tubbs, Stanley Tubbs and Fred- 
erick Tubbs. 

William Griffith married Hetty Tubbs. They 
have two daughters and a son. viz.; Alia Sarah, 
Florence Adams and William Griffith. 

Tyler married Ida Harrington. 

In Brookl\n, X. Y., lives the family of George 
Holt Henshaw. He married Cornelia Birdsall 
(Gracie), and died leaving six children, viz.; 
George Herbert Henshaw, Sarah Middagh Hen- 
shaw, Frederick \'aldemar Henshaw, Esther Holt 
Henshaw, Cornelia Gracie Henshaw, Walter Hen- 


In tlie War of the Rebellion my husbaud com- 
inaiuled an artillery conip-;::y. named for him Heii- 
shaw's Battery. When, after the Siege of Knox- 
ville, a forward movement was in contemplation, 
five different Generals applied to have Henshaw's 
Battery attached to their command. And General 
Burnside recommended him for promotion on ac- 
count of "gallantr)' on manv a well-fought field." 
"I well remember," said a comrade, "the music of 
Henshaw's Battery at the Siege of Knoxville." 

My husband's eldest brother, Major John Hen- 
shaw, gave abundant evidence of the same spirit. 
Me served in tlie Seminole and Me.xicau Wars, as 
well as the War of the Rebellion. In the Mexican 
War he took part in seven battles, and his regiment 
was the one selected to lead the assault on Cerro 
Gordo, a mountain fortif.ed from base' to summit, 
crowned witli a fort well nigh impregnable, and 
all .so arran^L-d as to concentrate their fire on an 
attacking f.)e. In the War of the Rebellion he 
served at the Siege of X'icksburg, and as Judge 


Advocate Geueral of the Department of the South. 
My husband's second brother, by name Fred- 
erick W. Henshaw, married Maria Scott, of Can- 
ada, and lives in Montreal, having two sons and 
one daughter. In his family have been exemplified 
the qualities of courage and heroism, by his 
son, Colonel Frederick Henshaw. The latter has 
been known to face a howling mob, at the risk of 
his own life, in order to defend a helpless stranger. 
He has also assisted in getting off into boats the 
women and children of a sinking steamer, on which 
he had taken passage for Europe, while he himself 
remained on board as one of four, to take the 
chances of life and death. 

The third son of this family was my husband, 
Edward Carriiigton Henshaw, who, as before stated, 
died at Fort McKavitt, Texas, September 14, 1S72. 
The fourth and youngest of my husband's broth- 
ers was George Holt Henshaw. He was undoubt- 
edly one of the most intellectual of the family. 
Thus I have tried to give an account of my chil- 


dren's nearest relatives, and where they are to be 
found. They are the descendants of John Leavitt 
Henshaw and Anne Cory Hensbaw, his wife, who 
were my luisband's parents. As I had but one 
brother, and he died unmarried, the nearest rela- 
tives I possess are cousins. 

The name Joshua was long retained in the Hen- 
shaw family. The last to bear it, as far as my 
knowledge goes, was Joshua Sands Henshaw, who 
died ill San Francisco in is,S5. He was of the 
.seventh generation from Joshua I. The eighth 
and ninth generations seem to have omitted the 

I come now to the escutcheons, two of which 
have come down in the Henshaw family. One is 
the coat-of-arms of the Henshaws; the other is the 
quartered arms of Henshaw and Houghton. 

On the frontispiece can be .seen the Henshaw arms. 
The Henshaw colors are silver and black. The shield 
is silver, with a chevron sable between three moor 
hens, or hernshaws. The crest a ger-falcon or, 


feeding on an eagle's wing, torn from its prej'. ' 
This is the coat-of-arms which used to be borne 
equally by the Henshaws of Cheshire and Lan- 
cashire and of the South of England. It is the 
coat-of-arms by which Joseph Henshaw and his 
English relatives mutually recognized each other as 

The quarterings bear testimony to the truth of 
the family history. An heiress possessed the rightto 
quarter her arms with those of her husband. But 
his arms must have the place of honor, viz: the 
5rst and fourth quarters; and his crest must sur- 
mount her crest. All these conditions are faithfully 
observed in the Henshaw and Houghton quarter- 
ings. The Houghton colors were sable and argent, 
the shield bearing three silver bars; and these 
quarterings bear mute testimony to the marriage of 
Katherine Houghton and William Henshaw. Both 
escutcheons are said to have been brought over by 
Joshua I, on the occasion of his sole visit home 
after he undertook to recover his estate. 



In the northeastern corner of Connecticut lies 
Windham countv, containing the large township of 
Pomfret. Of this township my Tyler ancestors 
were citizens. After the Revolutionary War, the 
beautiful village of Brooklyn was carved out of 
Pomfret. Brooklyn was my native place, and the 
place where lived ray parents, grandparents and 
great-grandparents, all Tylers. Now I believe 
there is not a Tyler left in the village. The name 
is found only on the tombstones in the burial 
ground, which was a present to the village from 
my grandfather. 

Gen. Israel Putnam li\-ed in Brooklyn also, a 
little out of the village. He and my great-grand- 
father, Daniel Tyler, were friends, and their friend- 
ship was cemented by the marriage of the son of 
the one to the daughter of the other. 

This great-grandfather of mine lived in three 


centuries. He was liorii in 1699, and he died in 
iSoi. Jle had three wives. He married the third 
when he was upwards of seventy, and a daughter 
was born of the marriage. 

His eldest son, named Daniel, was my grand- 
father. He was a notable man in his day, and 
married two notable wives. His first wife was a 
daughter of Gen. Israel Putnam, referred to above. 
His second wife was a granddaughter of President 
Jonathan lulwards, and was my grandmother. I 
am a direct descendant of Jonathan Edwards, in 
the fifth generation. 

Daniel Tyler, my grandf.ither, graduated at Har- 
vard College just before the Revolutionary War, 
went home, married Mehital)le Putnam, and left his 
wife and an child to fly to Boston with Gen- 
eral Putnam, his father-in-law, on the first call to 
arms. He served on General Putnam's staff, and 
was his adjutant at the iiattle of Bunker Hill. 

Alter two years of service, he raised an artillery 
company, called "Matro.sses," which he led to the 


field, equipping it at his own expense, it is said, 
for he was a man of substance. He fought through 
the Revolution, and was in active service as late as 

During a long life his effective services for the 
public weal were recognized and honored. . Yet so 
imperfect were the first official records of the times 
that the following testimonial is all there is to show 
for them. It was obtained from the office of the 
Adjutant-General of Connecticut: 

State of Connecticut, Adjutant General's 
Hartford, August 27, 1S91. 
I hereby certify that, according to the records of 
this office, Daniel Tyler, of Pomfret, served as Cap- 
tain of a company of matrosses during the War of 
the Revolution, and was ordered to March to New 
London in 177S. He was also ordered with com- 
pany of matrosses to Newport, R. I., in 1780. 
[Signed] Andrew H. Ejibler, 



My grandfather was quite a central figure in the 
little village of Brooklyn. He owned many farms 
around it. The house which he built for his own 
occupancy has long been the village inn, as the 
most commodious for that purpose even yet. Close 
to it, in what was once its front yard, stnids now 
the monument to General Putnam, a beautiful 
equestrian statue. And on the other side of the 
house flourishes in majestic beauty the elm tree, 
now about one hundred years old, which he plant- 
ed on the birth of his first daughter by his sec- 
ond marriage. 

He was in "the forties" wiien his wife. Mehitable 
(Putnam ), died. She left him six children. Then 
lie married the granddaughter of President Jona- 
than ICdwards, who was my grandmother, as I have 
said. She was a widow, living in the town of 
Chaplin, which was named after the Chaplin fam- 
il\', of which her husband was the eldest son, a 
gentleman of substance and of education, a grad- 
uate of Vale College. M\ i;r,indfather had a yellow 


chariot built, to bring her home in state from Chap- 
lin, nine miles away. In those days this was consid- 
ered no small effort. To his si.x ' ' Putnam" children 
were added her four "Chaplin" children, and four 
more were the issue of the second marriage — four- 
teen in all. 

This grandmother is one of my dearest recollec- 
tions. She was petite, a brunette, with the most 
wonderful eyes I ever saw — so dark and glittering. 
Tlie same quality is described as belonging to the 
eyes of her cousin, Aaron Burr. She was full of 
spirit and vivacity, quick-tempered, lively, witty 
and given to anecdote, fascinating me even as a 
child. Conlrasts met in the pair, for my grand- 
father was calm, dignified, blue-eyed, and six feet 
two in height. 

They both lived to be upwards of eighty, she sur- 
viving him several years. His father lived to be 
nearly one hundred. Ours was a sturdy race. 

My grandmother's maiden name was Sarah Ed- 
wards. She was the eldest daughter of Timothv 


Edwards, and he was the eldest son of President 
Edwards. Hence our descent from the Edwards 

We are also related to the Ogden family of New 
Jersey by a descent as direct. Timothy Edwards 
(my grandmother's father) married Rhoda Ogden 
(my grandmother's mother). She was a daughter 
of the noted "Stamp Act Ogden," so called, and 
.sister of Aaron Ogden and General Mathias Ogden. 
"Stamp Act Ogden" was a nickname given to her 
father, Robert Ogden, because he belonged to a 
convention which acquie.sced in the obnoxious 
Stamp Act. He personally \oted against it, hut, 
nevertheless, he was hung in effigy several times. 
It ended his own public career, but did not inter- 
fere with that of his sons, some of whom, especially 
Governor Ogden, left behind a most brilliant rec- 

Any life of President Edwards will give informa- 
tion that he was a Congregational minister, elected 
to the Presidency of Princeton College, whence his 


title, and of his world-wide repute as a metapliysi- 
cian. Family tradition paints him as a tall man, 
with gray eyes, and a distant manner, and says 
that his children always rose when he entered the 
room, stood until told to be seated, and never spoke 
in his presence, unless spoken to. 

In those days, it was customary for the congrega- 
tion to rise when the minister entered the church 
and walked up the aisle, generally in a black gown, 
the bell tolling — an impressive scene, which I 
myself witnessed once or twice in my own child- 
hood, though the practice by that time was excep- 
tional. In the days of President Edwards, the 
father was an autocrat. Wives said " Yes, sir" 
and "No, sir" to their husbands, as the children 
did to the father, and the mother was, compara- 
tively, on a level with the children, while the 
father was a lofty being. I had Edwards cousins 
who never addressed their father except in the 
third person, as thus: " Father will find the place 
by going down the street, then father will turn to 


the right, and there father will see," etc. It was 
thought disrespectful to say "you" to the father. 

Nothing is more impressed on my memory than 
the long, stern, bitter winters of New England. 
They seemed to make Calvinism, the New England 
theology, possible, and I heard that theology con- 
stantly discussed. I well remember going out 
into the hall, and sitting on the stairs and crying, 
for fear I was not among the elect, and this when 
I could not have been more than seven years old. 
I was impressed with the idea that I was a cura- 
berer of the ground, needing to apologize for my 
existence, and I often wished that I had never been 
tiorii. Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe well depicts 
the writhings of sensitive souls under Calvinism, 

Yet nothing could be a greater mistake than to that New England life in that day was all 
narrownes.s and sternness. We had our merry- 
makings, and very merry they were. Thanksgiv- 
ing, the Fourth of July, Training day and Sunday 
evenings are all impressed on my mind as lively 


bej-oiid description. Sunday evening was the reg- 
ular taniily reunion; the children played games ; 
their mothers knitted : their fathers discussed pol- 
itics or problems in theology ; but whatever was 
undertaken was done in the liveliest spirit, while 
mirth and laughter resounded. I shall always be 
glad that I was born and reared in a community 
which looked upon life as a serious thing, which 
kept the Lord's Day, which rang the meeting- 
house bell every night at nine o'clock, and the 
passing bell at every death, and permitted Sunday 
walks only to tlie burial ground. 

Aaron Burr, so noted in the historj- of the time, 
was an Edwards, and was my grandmother's first 
cousin. President Edwards and his wife, the beau- 
tiful Sarah Pierpont, of Xew Haven, had a large 
family. One of their daughters married President 
Burr, of Princeton College. I once saw a diary 
kept by this lady. It evinced the deepest affection 
for her husband, whom she quaintly spoke of as 
"the dear gentleman!" These were the parents 

of Aaron Burr. Both died in bis childhood, and 
he was, consetiuently, brought up b^- my great- 
grandparents, Timothy and Rhoda Edwards, who 
were, of course, his uncle and aunt. 

This couple had their hands full, for. President 
Edwards dying not long after, the^- also took 
charge of Pierpont Edwards, who was President 
Edwards' youngest son, and, consequently, the 
youngest brother of my grandfather, Timothy, 
while Aaron Burr was his nephew. 

The two boys were about of an age, and uncom- 
monly brilliant intellectually. But their pranks 
would fill a volume. They would attend family 
prayers at night and go soberly to bed, only to steal 
out of the window and attend a l)all. They knew 
the Bible so by heart, that they would correct 
President Dwight in his quotations. They were 
taught by Calvinism that they could not do any- 
thing pleasing to God before conversion, although 
they ought to ; that they could not do anything 
towards their own conversion, though they were 


accountable for not being converted, and that 
whether they tried or not they would perish if they 
were not among the elect; and if they perished 
the}' could not help it, because they were created to 
be vessels of wrath. The following doggerel has 
come down from some wit of those times, as an 
embodiment of those teachings: 

" Vou can and you can't, you shall and yon shan't, 
You'll be damned if you do, and 'oe damned if you don't." 

Aaron Burr's whole life was overshadowed by 
these early impressions. It is a piteous fact that 
after he came out of college, he devoted himself for 
some time to the study of theology, for the purpose 
of making up his mind as to the truth of the re- 
ligious teaching, under which he had been reared. 
He went to Middletown for that purpose, and stud- 
ied under a noted divine there — Dr. Bellamy, if I 
am not mistaken. I do not know whether this is 
related in any memoirs of Aaron Burr; I have it 
from family tradition. 

He came to the decisiou that Calvinism could 

not be the truth. There was no other sj-stem to 
take its place, and he was branded as an infidel, 
even by the Edwards familj-. It is a curious 
fact that the women of the Edwards family agreed 
together on a "Concert of Prayer" for his con- 
version, which extended through his later years, 
and was kept up by prayer for him in their closets 
at a certain hour each week. He has always seemed 
to me to have been one of the many victims of 
Calvinism. He was a courtly man, of great dig- 
nity, with wonderful eyes and fa.scinating manners. 
Said a lady: " I belong to the Burr school; I never 
ask a question and never answer one" — a good 
school to belong to in that respect. Xo hero 
of antiquity ever bore reverses with more firmness 
than Aaron Burr. 

Pierpont lidwards became a noted lawyer in his 
day, and settled in New Haven, in which vicinity 
we have cousins of various names, as Whitney, 
Wintlirop, Du'veranx, \\'oolse\', Johnson, all con- 
nected with him. President Woolsev and the two 


President Dwights, of Yale College, were of the 
Edwards family, as was also Theodore Winthrop. 
My brother graduated at Yale, and I was much 
there, also, and we both highly valued our ac- 
quaintance with these distant cousins. 

I knew Theodore Winthrop well, and was often 
at his mother's house, during those pleasant years 
which I spent in Xew Haven while my brother 
was in college. His sister, Laura Winthrop, was 
the subject of N. P. Willis's lovely lines "To 
Laura, Three Years Old." 

My father and mother were first cousins. He 
was Edwin Tyler, eldest son of the second marriage 
of my grandparents, and she was Alia Mary 
Edwards, only daughter of Richard Edwards, ol 
Cooperstown, brother to my grandmother. My 
mother's parents died in her childhood, and she 
was adopted by my grandparents, ultimately mar- 
rying their son, Edwin. 

My parents had but two children, viz: my 
brother Edwin and myself. My mother died when 


we were children, and after a few years my father 
married again. 

His second wife was a widow, Mrs. Charlotte 
Wharton, born Musgrave. She was a beautiful 
and a noble woman, and I have always revered the 
name of step-mother for her sake. My father died 
uithiu a year after their marriage, and she, hav- 
ing no children of her own, devoted her life to ni^- 
brother and myself and. at her decease, left us 
her estate. She died in 1S5;. 

By that time my brother, Edwin Tyler, had 
graduated at Vale, and had gone to California, 
while my husband and I were living in Ottawa, 
Illinois. In a few years my brother died, ver}- 
suddenly, and I was left alone, the last of my 
family. There never was, there never could be 
a better brother. I have never ceased to mourn 
his loss. He died, unmarried, in 1S6S, at forty 
years of age. When asked why he did not 
marry, replied that he would do so when he 


found a woman whom he could love better than 
his sister. 

Edward C. Henshaw, my husband, had been a 
Midshipman in the United States Navy, but re- 
signed, and studied law. At the breaking out of 
the Rebellion we were living in Illinois, where he 
raised an artillery company and was commissioned 
as its captain. He served in Kentucky and Ten- 
nessee, took part in the defense of Knoxville, and 
was recommended for promotion by General Burn- 

A braver man than my husband never lived, I 
believe. He was commissioned in the regular army 
after the war, and died at Ft. McKavitt, Texas, 
September 14th, 1S72, where he was on the staflFof 
Gen. Abner Doubleday. The year after his death, 
I moved to California, to be near my brother's 
estate, and with my eldest son who was there al- 

At this time my family consisted of four sons, 
the youngest eleven years of age, the eldest 


twenty-three. All of them are married. The 
tables subjoined will give a record of their fami- 
lies to date (1S94). 

The war opened in 1S61. We were then living 
in Illinois. I helped to organize an aid society- in 
Ottawa, our home, and served as its secretary. I 
was then made associate manager of the Chicago 
Sanitary Commission. I was elected to write the 
iiistory of its work, and did so, calling my book 
"Our Branch and its Tributaries." A copy of it 
was sent to most of the public libraries, thus assur- 
ing its place in the literature of the war. I also 
ccmtributtd to the current literature of (he day 
v.'irious tales, essays and poems. I have also 
helped in the benevolent work of m\- generation 
with interest and sympathy. 

Of our Tyler relatives. Gen. Daniel Tyler was 
my best-loved uncle. He was born at the family 
home in 15rooklyn, Ct., was graduated at West 
Point, and was nearly if not quite ninety when he 
died. He built up Anuiston, Georgia, and by his 


own request was buried there. He left five chil- 
dren, three sons and two daughters, living in New 
York and vicinity. His granddaughter, Edith 
Carew, married Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 
city. I know nothing personally of his descend- 

Nor do I know much more of the descendants of 
my other uncle, Frederick Tyler, of Hartford, 
Ct. Gen. R. O. Tyler was his son, and died before 
him. Mrs. S. S. Cowen was his eldest daughter, 
and there are two sons, viz., George F. Tyler, 
who is a millionaire living in Philadelphia, and 
Edwin Tyler, of Hartford, Ct. Mrs. Cowen's 
youngest daughter married Judge Carpenter of the 
Connecticut Supreme bench. The Williams family 
are the descendants of mj- father's only sister. 

Thus it will be seen that on my side my children 
have Edwards, Ogden, and Tyler relations, includ- 
ing intermarriages, which are too many to enumer- 
ate, and it will be seen also that they are distant 
relatives and little known to me. 


There is an Edwards and an Ogden coat of 
arms, but of these I possess no copy. 

The Tyler family is rich in its Colonial ancestry. 
Its records are embodied in the rolls of the Colonial 
Dames, and were obtained from Miss Helen B. 
Tyler, secretary of the Pennsylvania Chapter of 
that organization. 

Name and service will be found in the following : 

Xo. I. Hon. Emanuel Downing (father of 
the famous or infamous Sir George Down- 
ing of Charles II. 's time), arrived in Boston, 
1638, settled at Salem. Representative to General 
Court 1639-40-41, 1644, 1648. See Savage's 'Gen- 
ealogical Dictionary." 

No. 2. Hon. Anthony Stoddard came from West 
of England 1639 to Boston. Merchant and repre- 
sentative to General Court twenty-three times. 
Iti 1650-1659-60 and 1665, nineteen times con- 
secutively. Also recorder of Boston, 1650. See 
Savage's "Genealogical Dictionary." 

No. 3. Rev. Solomon Stoddard graduated at 
Harvard, 1662; chosen Fellow of the College No- 
vember 25, 1666, and first Librarian of Harvard on 
record about 1666. See John L. Sibley's "Gradu- 
ates of Harvard." 

No. 4. Rev. Timothy Edwards, preached two 
election sermons before General Court, or.ce in 
1708 and May nth, 1732. He was Chaplain ia 
I expedition against Canada, 171 1, but was taken ill 

I at Albany, and the Court sent Samuel Spencer and 

I Jonathan Bigelow to bring hira home. See "Colo- 

I nial Records of Connecticut." 

No. 5. President Jonathan Edwards, second 
\ president of Princeton College. 

I No. 6. Hon. Timothy Edwards. For Revolu- 

tionary period was Member of Council of Massa- 
chusetts from 1775 to 17S0; Judge of Probate, 1778, 
1789; and Member of County Council, July 6th, 
1774. "Massachusetts Colonial Records." 

No. I. John Ogden. The first settler mentioned 
first at Sanford, Conn., 1641; 1656, 1657, Magis- 


trate of South Hampton; 1659-60-61. Member of 
General Court of Connecticut; April 2;,rd, 1662, is 
iiientiotied in the Charter of Connecticut; 1664, re- i 

ceives with others patent from Governor XichoUs 
for Elizabeth Town, X. J , purchase; 1665, Coun- 
cillor or Deputy appointed \)y Governor Carteret; 
In 1673. September ist, appointed Schout (virtually 
Governor) for the six East Jersey towns, Elizabeth, 
Newark, Woodbridge, Piscataway, Middletown and 
Shrewsl)ury, by the Dutch GovernuKiit of New 
York. Died May, 16S2, at Elizabeth Town. "Co- 
lonial Records of Connecticut," and "O'Callahan 
Col. Doc," Vol. II., 595. 

No. 2 — Robert Ogdcn, of Elizabetli Town and 
Sparta; 1751, Member of A.ssembly ; 1754, Mem- 1 

ber of Assembj- ; 1 755-1 761, Justice and Judge; , 

1761, Speaker of the House of Assembly; 1765, 
Member of Stamp Act of Congress. He did 
not sanction there the proceedings of the ma- 
jority. An attempt was made to conceal his de- 
fection, but without success. He was burned in 

effigy in several places, and was removed from the 
Speaker's chair at the next meeting of the Assem- 
bly. See Applfton's " Biographical Dictionary;" 
Sabine's " Loyalists." 

Xo. 3— Capt. Daniel Tyler's (my grandfather) 
Revolutionary service adds honorable distinction to 
our record. See United States Pension Office. 

Xo. I— Rev. Thomas Hooker, the leader of the 
colony who founded Hartford. See Bancroft's 
" History of the United States of America." 

Xo. 2— Rev. Samuel Hooker, October 9, 1662, 
appointed by the Connecticut Legislature to go 
down to New Haven to treat with committee there, 
respecting amicable union of the two colonies. 
Preached two election sermons before General 
Court, 1677- 1693. Which counts in Connecticut 
eligibility See "Colonial Records of Connecti- 
cut." Was also Fellow of Harvard College, No- 
vember 27, 1654. _See Sibley's " Harvard Gradu- 

No. 3— Rev. James Pierpout preached election 


sermon before General Court, Connecticut, May S, 
1690. Named as one of the Trustees in Act to in- 
corporate collegiate school, 1701, viz.: Vale. See 
"Conn. Colonial Records." 

No. 4 — Capt. Thomas Willett arrived in ship 
Lion, 1630. Had been associated with the Leyden 
congregation in 1648 ; elected to succeed Miles 
Standish as captain of military company of 
Plymouth ; from 1651 to 1664, assistant at Ply- 
mouth Court; 1653, with eight others, on the Coun- 
cil of War ; 1654, sent with Commander-in-Chief 
of Massachusetts forces to Manhattan, to assist him 
with advice and counsel ; 1665, he was appointed 
by Colonel Nicholes, Mayor of New York, and 
twice held the place. He was the first English 
Mayor of New York. See Hutchinson's " History 
of Massachusetts," or "Genealogical History of 
Rhode Island," by John O. Austin : or Appleton's 
"Biographical Dictionary." 

No. 5 — John Brown had been acquainted with 
Pilgrims of Leyden prior to his arrival in America, 


about i633-r6;,4. He was elected Assistant 1636, 
and held the office by annual election for seventeen 
yenrs ; 1643, the Plymouth, Massachusetts, Con- 
necticut and New Haven colonies united in a con- 
federacy, styled the United Colonies. Each colony 
sent two Commissioners. John Brown was chosen 
from 1644 for twelve years. See Savage's "Geneal- 
ogical Dictionary." 

Strong fraternal affection seems to be a heritage 
on both sides of our family, whether looking at 
the two little Henshaw brothers, who met the vicis- 
situdes of life together, or the affection which ex- 
isted between my brother and myself It gives me 
joy to see the same feelings strongly e.xemplified in 
mj- sons, and I hope they will convey- the same to 
their children, teaching each family a special love 
for each other, and a warm interest in the general 
whole. " Vou must always love your little sister 
dearly," I heard a Henshaw mother say, "for there 
is no one in the whole world so near to you as she 

is, because there is no one else in the whole 
world who has the same mother and father as your- 
self I" Such teachings will ensure family affection. 
I hope my descendants will be united, will look 
after the helpless and the unfortunate in their 
connection, and will reverence our Father in 
Heaven, to whom I here record mj- fervent thanks 
for all his goodness to me and mine. 


(With note< by John Heriihi^ of Boston) 

Being a copy of the genealogy prepared by Robert 
Dale, Richmond Herald of the Herald's College, 
London, for use in the High Court of Chancery 
as a legal document in the suit instituted hj- Joshua 
Henshaw in the year i6SS, to recover his inher- 

He.nrv III., of E-Jg!and; 

his son. 

Ed\v.\rd I.: 

his son, 
Edward II.: 

bis son, 

Edward III.: 

his son, 

John of Gaunt; 

his daughter. 

Joan or Beaifort, 

married to Richard Nevii.. Earl of Westmoreland; 

their son, 

Richard Nevil, Earl of Salisbury; 

his daughter, 

Eleanor Nfa'ii,, married 

Thomas Staxlev, Earl of Derbj- 

(she was sister to the great Earl of Warwick called 

the "King-Maker";; 

their son, 

Geor(;e Stani.i:v 

(he was the one held hostage b>' Richard III.): 

his sons, 



George Stanley died before hi.s father, the Earl 

of Derby, and his eldest son, Thomas, as above, 

succeeded as Earl of Derby. The second son, 

James St.vni.kv, of Crosshall, Lancashire, had as 

heir his son, 

Hknkv Sta.nlev, 
(of Bickerstaff or Bickerstagh, Lancashire). 


In 1735 the elder branch of the Stanleys became 
extinct in the male line, and the earldom reverted 
to the younger line, descended from Hexky Stax- 
LKY, who is ancestor to the present Earls of Derby. 
This same Henry Stanley had a daughter, 
Margaret Stanley, who married 
Richard Houghton — about 1587. 
The marriage gave satisfaction, and the father of 
each made extensive marriage settlements in favor 
of the pair. Evan Houghton was father of Rich- 
ard Houghton. He gave his son Wavetree Hall, 
Penketh Hall and 107 acres of land near Liverpool. 
This was part of the property which JoSHU.v 
Henshaw tried to recover. 

Richard Houghton and M.argaret Stanley 
had a son, viz.: 

Ev.VN Houghton, married 

Ellen Parker, of Ridgehall, Lancashire; 

their only child was a daughter, viz.: 

Katherine Houghton, married 

William Henshaw, in 1630. 


They lived at Wavetree Hall, near Liverpool. 
Their sons, 
Joshua Hknshaw 

Daniel Hicnshaw, 
were abducted and sent to New England in 1633. 
As related, the father of these boys, William 
Hknshaw, and their grandfather, E\'an Hough- 
ton, were killed at the capture of Liverpool in 
1644, Their mother died in 1651. 

Joshua Henshaw married 

Klizabeth Sumner, of Dorchester, Mass. 

Their children were : 

Willi. \M, 

Joshua IL, 





William, the eldest, died without i-sue, and 
Joshua became heir of the estate. 


With the children of Joshta Henshaw I. ends 
the docnnient of the Herald's College. It was 
made out for Joshua Hknshaw I., and filed in 
1692. A copy of it was made in 1S44, which copy 
was certified by the then Pnrsuivant-at-Arms of 
the Herald's College, G. A. Collen. Other certi- 
fied copies have since been obtained. 

showing the descent of the California branch from 

Joshua Hkxshaw I., 
who was abducted and .sent to this country in 1653 
when eleven years of age. 

Joshua He.nshaw I., born in Liverpool, England, 
in 1642, married Elizabeth Sumner, of Dor- 
chester, in 1670. Theirchildren, viz: William, 
died unmarried; born 1670. Joshua IL, bom 
1672, died 1747. Thankful, married Natha- 

iiiel Lemon, of B' sto;^ John, boru i6So, died 
unmarried. Samufl. Ei.izarkth, Kather- 
I N K . 

JosHL'A II., married Makv Webber. Their chil- 
dren, Daniel, ancestor of the California 

Iiraiich, Josiir A III., JuiiN, J.vmks, ^^■II.I.I.\^^, 

S.VMUEI., TllO.M.V.S. 

I).\nii;l, the above, eldest son of JosHr.\ II. and 
Maky Wi-BBER Henshaw, married Eliza- 
beth B.\ss, great-gr.i:iddaughter of John Al- 
den. Tlieir children, fourteen in number. 
D.\nii:l. died unmarried; Jo.smw I\'., died 
unmarried; Jo.seph. born 1727, visited Eng- 
land, recognized the Henshaw arm.s on a car- 
riage (see page 9'': Makv, Bi:NjA:\[tN, (ances- 
tor of the California Icanch), John, John II., 
Eliz.\beth, \VILLIA.^L Adjutant General of 
Colonial Army (see page 34), Eliz.\.beth II., 
M.\RV, l).v\ii) (ancestor of the Ward branch), 
Hann.\h, D.\nihl II. 


Bexjamix, son of the above and ancestor of the 
California branch, born 1729, married Hui.daii 
ScmnEr; lived in Middletovvn, Ct. Their 
children, DvNiiL, married Esther Prentiss; 
was ancestor of the Providence branch. Ben- 
jA>riN. JosHi-A v., ancestor of the California 
branch: Ei.izaseth, married Major Meigs; 
Sarah, married Dr. Samuel Hayward, Boston. 

JosHr.\, son of the above and ancestor of the Cali- 
fornia branch, born 1765; married Esthi-.r 
Burnham; ren-.oved to Canada. Their chil- 
dren, Jo.SKPH, carried Grace Josephine Sands, 
of Brooklyn; Maria, married Moncrief Blair; 
AsHBEL, married, first March, second Avery; 
lived in Louisiana. Caroline, married, fiist 
Cox, second George Holt, of Quebec. Charles 
J., married Cornelia Middagh, of Brooklyn. 
Esther, married Charles Holt, of Quebec. 
George, married Maria Holt. John Leavitt, 
ancestor of the California branch, born in 
Middlebury, Vt.. 1792; died at Montreal of 
cholera, 1832. 


JciHN Leavitt Hknshaw, the above, married 
Anxe Cory, of Providence, R. I. Their chil- 
dren, John Cory Henshaw, Caroline Hen- 
sHAw, Anne Henshaw, Frederick Will- 
iam Henshaw, Edward Cakringtox Hen- 
SHAW, George Holt Henshaw. 
John Leavitt Henshaw was the ancestor of the 

California branch, and his descendants are that 

branch's nearest relati\-es. 

showing the descendants of Jdiin Lean'itt and 
Annic Cory Hiinshaw, being nearest of kin 
to the California branch. 

Jdhn Cory Henshaw, married A.mi;ll\ X. Ki-:l- 
LOGG, of Brooklyn, I,. L; died leaving no chil- 

C.VRoi.iNi:, married THO^^\s ^L^RCH, of Brooklyn, 
L. L; removed to Illinois; both deceased. 


Their children : Two sons, also deceased; one 
daughter, Elizabeth, married Georoi-. St. 
Amant, of Paris, France. 

Anne, married Rev. C.\n'on Anderson, of Mon- 
treal, Canada. She died in iSgi. Their chil- 
dren : \Vii,lia:^i, married Einelia Boyle; Mon- 
tague, married Miss Rnbridge ; Charles 
Henshaw; Alice, married Xathan Mercer; 
Constance. All living in Canada in 1894. 

Frederick William, married M.\ria Scott, of 
Montreal, Canada. Their children : Freder- 
ick C, married Miss MacDougall; Arthur, 
married Beatrice Shepherd; Marv Ethel, 
married Forbes Angus. 

ICdward Carrington Henshaw, married S.vrah 
Edwards Tvler, March Sth, 1S49. Their 
children; I^dward Tvler, married May Ran- 
lett; Ch-VRLES Edw.VRDS, deceased in child- 
hood; St.\nli:v, deceased in childhood; Fred- 
erick William, married Grace S. Tubbs; 
Wileiam Griffith, married Hetty Stuart 
Tubbs; Tvler, married Ida Harrington. 


George Holt Hexshaw, married Cornelia M. 
BiRDSALL. Their children : George Her- 
bert, Sarah Middagh, married Clarence 
F. Childs; Frederick Valdemar, Esther 
Holt, Walter Percival St. George. Cor- 
nelia Gracie. 

showing the de.scendants of Edward Carrixgton 
and Sarah Edwards Henshaw, called "the 
California branch." 

Edward Tvlkk Henshaw, married May Ran- 
LETT. Their children ; Mary Edwards Hen- 
shaw, John Cory Henshaw, Thomas Dale 

Frederick William Hexshaw, married Grace 
Susan Tubbs. Their children : Tyler Tubes, 
Stanley Tvbbs, Frederick Tibbs. 


William Griffith Henshaw, married Hetty 
Stuart Tubes. Their children : Alla Sa- 
rah, Florence Adams, William Griffith 
Henshaw, Jr. 

The name Joshua was preserved in the family 
through seven generations. The last Joshua Hen- 
shaw, as far as known, died in San Francisco with- 
out issue in 1885. The eighth and ninth genera- 
tions, to which ray children and their children 
belong, respectively, have not, as far as I know, 
any Joshua Henshaw among them. 


Richard, third (?) son of Ti.mothv and Rhoda 
(Ogden) Edwards, born 1766 ; married Alla 
Visa Griffin, of Abington, Ct., 1794; died 
at Cooperstown, N. Y., 1807; wife died in 
Stockbridge, Mass., iSii. 
They left the following children: 

Timothy, born 1795; married Hall, in 

Chatham, Ct. ; died 1838, leaving five chil- 
dren, names unknown. 

RiCH.VRD, born 1797 ; married in Baltimore, ; 

died , leaving several children, names un- 

Ali.a M.\kv, born 1799; married Edwin Tvli-:k, 
of Brooklyn, Ct., 1S21 ; died 1S33 ; husband 
died 1S38. Their children, Sarah Edwards, 
born 1S22, married linw.VRD Carrington 
Hknshaw, of Brooklyn, X. V. Had four 


children. Edwin, born 1S27, died 1868, un- 

Charles Griffin, born 1801 ; married ; died 

1858, leaving no children. 


Job . Tyler, born, Shropshire, England, 1619; 

wite, Mary , married in Renport, R. I., 

163S. Were among the first settlers of Rhode 


Their son, 

HoPESTiLE Tyler, born Groton, Mass., 1646; 

married Mary , of Andover, Mass ; died 


Their son, 

D.\NiEL Tyler I., born Groton, Mass., 1673 ; mar- 
ried Amey Geer, May 28, 1700, at Groton, 
Ct. ; died 1784-5, at Groton, Ct. 
Their son, 

D.\xiEL Tyler II., born Groton, Ct., February 22, 
1 701 ; married Mehit.\ble Shurtleff, as 


second wife, September iS, 1742 (she was born 

in Plynipton 17161; he died in Brooklyn, Ct., 


Their son, 

Daniel Tyler III., born Brooklyn, Ct., May 21, 
1750; graduated Harvard 1771; married S.\rah 
Edwards, widow of Benjamin Chaplin, 
August, 1790 (as second wife) ; died April i, 
1832, at Brooklyn, Ct. 

Their son, 

Edwin Tvlkk, boru November 24, 1793; married 
Alla Marv Edwards, 1821 ; died August 

4. 1S3S. 

Their daughter, 
Sarah Edwards Tvler, born September iS, 1822; 
married Edward Carrington Henshaw, 
March 8, 1849. 


showing the paternal descent of the California 
branch of the Henshaw family from Presi- 
. DENT Jonathan Edwards. 

Jonathan Edwards married Sarah Pierpont. 

Their eldest son, 
TixioTHV, married Rhoda Ogden. 
Their eldest daughter, 
Sarah Edwards, married Daniel III., 

Their son, 
Edwin Tvler, married Alla Mary Edwards, 

Their daughter, 
Sarah Edwards Tyler, married Edward Car- 
RiNGTON Henshaw, 1S49. 
Their children : 
Edward Tyler, Frederick William, 

Charles Edwards, Williaim Griffith, 

Stanley, Tyler. 


showing descent of the California branch of Hen'- 
SHAw.s from President Jonathan Edwards. 
through my mother, Alla Mary Edwards. 

Jonathan Edwards married Sarah Pierpont. 

Their son, 
Timothy Edwards, married Rhoda Ogden. 

Their third son, 
Richard Edwards, born 1766, married Aij.a 
\"iSA Griffin, 1794; died at Cooperstown, 
N. Y., in 1S07 ; wife died in Stockbridge, 
Mass, , I S 1 1 . 

Their only daughter, 
A1.1.A Mary Edwards, born 1799, married Edwin- 
Tyler, of Brooklyn, Ct., 1S21 ; died, 1833. 
Their children, 
Sarah Edwards, born 1S22. married Edward 

Carkington Hi;nshaw, 1S49. 
Edwin, born 1827 ; died, unmarried, 1S6S. 

■ I 





John Ogdex married Joan Bond ; died 16S2. 

Their son, 
Jonathan, married Rebecca Wood ; died 1732. 

Their son, 
Robert, born i6£6, married Hannah Crane ; 
died 1733. 

Their son, 


Robert, born 1716, married Phcebe Hatfield; 
member of Stamp Act Congress, 1765 ; died 

Their daughter, 
Rhoda, married Timothy Edwards. 

Their daughter, 
Sarah, married (ist; Benjajiin Chaplin ; (2nd) 

Their son, 
Edwin Tyler, married Alla Mary Edward.s ; 
died 1838. 


Their daughter, 
Sakah Edwards Tvlf.k, married Edward C. 


Tlieir cbildreu : 
Edward Hlnshaw. 
Frederick William Kf.nshaw. 


Tyler Hensiiaw. ^ 



H I \ I) E R \ I N <