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January-February 1959 
Vol. 28 No. 1 

Official monthly bulletin of the Holy Ghost 
Fathers of the Province of the United 
States. Founded in November, 1933, by 
Father C. J. Plunkett, C.S.Sp. Published 
for private circulation. Address: 1615 
Manchester Lane, N. W., Washington 11, 
D. C, U. S. A. 



3 Provincial's Message 

4 Official 

6 Congratulations 

7 Before — After 

8 News Roundup 

9 Retreats 

10 Rev. Stephen J. Bryan 

12 In Diebus lllis 

15 Thoughts on "Cor Unum — " 


Please pray for the speedy 
recovery of: 

Father Ed Clifford 
Father Joseph Kirkbride 
Father Edward Wilson 
Father of Father Prueher 
Mother of Father Jas. Sullivan 
Mother of Father Rosso 


During Father Liberniann's 
life photography was still in its 
infancy. It was the time of the 
daguerro-type pictures. Approx- 
imately a half hour exposure 
was needed to produce a photo- 
graph. Even the most patient 
man would be hard put not to 
make any slight movement dur- 
ing such a long time. 

It would have been especially 
hard for a man suflfering from 
nervous disorders like Liber- 
mann to keep his features 
natural-looking for the duration 
of the exposure. Nevertheless, 
the daguerro-type of Father Lib- 
ermnan was proclaimed the 
most closely resembling portrait 
by those who had personally 
known him. The reproduction 
printed here is the result of the 
work of a photographer who has 
spent many hours in correcting 
the deficiencies of the daguerro- 
type. It is now the official photo- 
graph of our "Second Founder." 

Rev. Henry Koren, C.S.Sp. 

Provindal^s Message 

My dear Confreres: 

The widespread concern expressed over our vocation crisis con- 
stitutes an encouraging ray of hope in an otherwise dismal picture. 
Your many letters on the subject contained evidence of the serious 
thinking that has been going on. In the next few months the ideas 
you presented will be collated, sifted and, insofar as it is possible, 
put into effect. 

All of us are agreed that anything so charismatic as a vocation 
must rest first and foremost on a solid spiritual foundation. To that 
end, insistent prayer is a primary requirement. However, here as in 
all other areas of the divine economy, the supernatural builds on 
the natural. 

On that level, the process of attracting recruits reduces itself 
to a question of pure public relations. You cannot "sell" what you 
don't subscribe to or enthusiastically believe in. Worse still, you 
cannot "sell" what doesn't exist, no matter how eloquently you in> 
vest your imaginary product with attractive features. 

Now, what am I getting at? 

Just this: isn't it symptomatic of something gone awry when 
the young men we encounter in our work consistently go off to the 
diocese and to other religious orders? 

One can only hark back to the basic tenets of public relations: 
1) have we realy something to sell and 2) do we believe in it whole- 

Our "product" is a religious society that has (or should have) 
evoked a powerful sense of loyalty in us. 

But, do we have a real "product" if we live like seculars, think 
like seculars, and act like seculars? Are we enthusiastic salesmen if 
(as I suspect from the many untouched volumes I have seen) we 
aren't even interested enough to read our own history? 

Each and every one of us has a lot of soul-searching to da. 
Lent would be a good time for it. 

Fraternally yours, 




Appointments effective January 15, 1959: 

( i ■ 1 ; . 

Father James J. Beagan from St. Joseph's Church,' Conway, 
Arkansas, to St. Joseph's, Bay City, Michigan. 

Father Edward C. Beriault from St. John's, Tuscaloosa, Ala., to 
Visitation Academy, De Sales Heights, Parkersburg, West Virginia, 
as Chaplain. 

Father Albert J. Bullion from St. Mary's Seminary, NorWalk, to 
St. Joseph's, Conway, Arkansas, as assistant pastor. 

Father Joseph J. Cassidy from Holy Spirit Mission, Bakersfield, 
California, to St. John's, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, as pastor. 

Father Herbert Farrell from Holy Ghost Retreat House, New 
Canaan, Conn., to St. Mary's Seminary, Ferndale. 

Father James Flynn from St. Peter Clover, Philadelphia, Pa., to 
Notre Dame, Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin. 

Father John F. Kelly from St. Peter Clover, Philadelphia, Pa., to 
St. Emma's Military Academy, Rock Castle, Vo. 

Father William J. Keown from Visitation Academy, Parkers- 
burg, West Virginia, to St. Benedict's, Pittsburgh, Pa., as pastor. 

Father James D. Manning from Catholic Mission, Moshi, Tan- 
ganyika, East Africa, to St. Joseph's, Hartsville, S. C, as pastor. 

Father John R. Muka from St. Benedict's, Pittsburgh, Pa., to St. 
Peter Clover, Philadelphia, Pa., as. pastor. 

Father J. A. Murnaghan from Our Lady of Prompt Succor, Mon- 
sura. La., to Our Lady of Sorrows, Moreauville, La., as pastor. 

Father Joseph B. Murphy from St. John, Tuscon, Arizona, to 
Holy Spirit Mission, Bakersfield, California. 

Father James F. McCaffrey from St. Anthony, Portsmouth, R. I., 
to Holy Ghost Retreat House, New Cancan, Conn., as assistant. 

Father John J. McHugh from Holy Ghost Retreat House, New 
Canaan, Conn., to St. Christopher's, Tiverton, R. I. 

Father Joseph A. Paga, Aeque Principaliter St. Christopher's, 
Bunkie, La., and Our Lady of Prompt Succor, Mansura, La. Resi- 
dence: Monsura. 

Father James B. Parent from St. Joseph's, Bay City, Michigan, 
to St. Anthony, Portsmouth, R. I. , 

Father George C. Reardon from Our Lady of Sorrows, Moreau- 
ville, La., to Our Lady of Guadalupe, Bakersfield, Calif., as pastor. 


Father John S. Rondeau from St. Joseph's, Hartsville, S. C, to 
St. Anthony's, Natchitoches, La., as pastor. 

Father Francis P. Trotter from Our Lady of Guadalupe, Bakers- 
field, Calif., to St. Joseph's, Bay City, Michigan. 


In virtue of a MODIFIED IN- 
DULT of June 25, 1958, the 
following Proper Offices and 
Masses will no longer be pre- 
scribed in our Ordo: April 3, St. 
Benedict a S. Philadelpho; May 
31, B.V.M. Mediatrix of All 
Graces; July 3, All the Supreme 
Pontiffs; Nov. 13, St. Stanislaus, 
(which is to be kept only in the 
Novitiate houses). 


Father Charles Read, M.Ed., 
from Duquesne, January, 1959. 

Father Edward Hogan, Ph.D., 
in Psychology, Fordham, Janu- 
ary, 1959. 


Padres Del Espiritu Santo, 
Box 3753, San Jose Branch, 
Rio Pedras, 
Puerto Rico 

St. Augustine's Rectory, 
1736 E. Apache Street, 
Tulsa 10, Oklahoma 

Zone number for St. Daniel's, 
Shreveport, is 10. 

Our Lady of Victories Rectory, 
124 So. Lloyd Street, 
Salisbury, N. C. 

St. Edward's Rectory, 
175 Frere Street. Box 515, 
New Iberia, La. 


January 24 — From Idlewild, 
N. Y., to Nairobi, East Africa via 
Europe: Fr. Edward Bernacki. 


Mother of Father Henry Brown, 

Father of Father Harold Mc- 


The Provincial Committee on 
Studies will meet at Duquesne 
Friday, March 27, at 9:30 A. M. 

BACK COVER: Scholastic, professors, guests at Rural Ufe Conference, Ferndale, 1945. Irv 
front row is Archbishop O'Brien of Hartford; also Msgr. Ligutti. Frs. Jos. 
Otto, first American to die in Kilimaniaro, is next to Fr. Quinlan, second 
row (sixth from right). 


Brother Hyacinth Rosmary- 
nowski who celebrated his 55th 
anniversary on February 2nd. 
Our thanks for his help at Corn- 
wells all these years. 

Father Ed Hogan upon the 
completion of his work for a 
doctorate at Fordhani. 

Father Vince Deer for being 
named to the National Council 
of the Professional Photogra- 
phers of America for a two-year 

To all the confreres who 
have worked for the new gym 
at Ann Arbor. It was a real 
team effort. 

Father Dan Conklin for the 
"new look" on the cemetery at 

Father Con Chronis, belated- 
ly, upon the Catholic Directory 
of East and West Africa which 
he edited. 

Father Frank Chiaramontc 
whose knowledge of the sign 
language makes it possible for 
him to teacli Religion in the 
California School for the Deaf. 

Father John Strmiska com- 
pleting a new gyni and parish 
hall in Tulsa. 

Father Joe Noppinger for his 
capal)lc ufhninistration of Moshi 
these days. 

Brother Pat Staunton on his 
great assistance in Puerto Rico. 

Father Henry Werheim for 
his work with The Flame, Corn- 
well's student paper. 

Father Joe Duchene on the 
many difficult jobs successfully 
completed at Duquesne. 

Father Gus Reitan for 16 
years representing us with honor 
in the Holy Childhood work. 

Father John O'Brien for the 
teaching job he does at Ports- 
mouth Priory for Benedictine 
seminarians and his devotion to 
sick calls in emergencies. 

Father Francis J. Smith on 
the building program in Opel- 
ousas still going strong. 

Fathers Schrier and Lemmens 
who will celebrate their 25th 
anniversary April 8. Ad multos 

Father Dick Wersing for the 
Cana conference he gave to 
Army people and local residents 
near Fort Hood, Texas. 165 peo- 
ple attended. 

Father Ed Figaro on the 
splendid talk at Church Unity 
Day in Harlem. The Fathers at 
St. Mark's and Father Figaro 
joined with the local clergy in 
an outstanding demonstration of 

Father Leonard Bushinski on 
his Lenten talks in Bridgeport 



WE see many group photos 
but seldom do we have a 
shot of the last minute hustle 
just before the formal photo is 
taken. The above picture was 
taken long long ago as is evi- 
dent from the grass in front of 
the group. Further evidence of 
the antiquity can be easily as- 
certained from a close look at 
those in the photo. 

Among the distinguished con- 
freres we could identify were: 
Fathers Stanton, Lucziewicz, 
Murphy, Kmiecinski, Lachow- 
sky, Collins, Riley, Quinlan, 

Van de Putte, McGuigan, Janc- 
zuk, Sonnefeld . . . how many 
do you know? 

We hope you enjoy seeing 
these old photos from time to 
time. We print them for auld 
lang syne and the sake of cor 
unum . . . never to embarrass 
or poke fun at individuals. The 
photo of Father Brannigan on 
another page in this issue is one 
we know he will enjoy as will 
his many friends. If you have 
photos we can use, please send 
them in. 


"... I forgot to speak about pants in my letter ... I don't 
see any difficulty in adopting such an article of clothing. You 
tell me that is our "costume" but the Rule does not determine 
our costume. Our costume in general is the clerical kind and 
the one that is best suited to the place where we work. I see 
from your letter that you are "econome" and not "procurator." 
I have remarked for a long time that you are econom(ical), for 
you no longer show any compassion for our poor confreres in 
the novitiate; you give them NOTHING . . ." Father Libermann. 

Some of the confreres in River- 
side found that the famed Cali- 
fornia smog can be mighty 
rough . . . Father Bill Mullen was 
arch-priest as a summer parish- 
ioner offered his first Mass at 
Little Compton, R. I. . . , the con- 
freres gave Father Ed Bernacki a 
farewell dinner at Immaculate 
Heart Rectory, Pitt., before he 
left for Africa . . . Bish Mangan 
will also be going back soon. 
Two lay people who were going 
to give their services to the work 
in Moshi had to cancel out be- 
cause of illness at home. They 
are both teachers and were go- 
ing to Umbwe school. 

Jim White, Jr., claims the 
eight-day candles burn nine 
days in Sanford . . . His parish- 
ioners reversed the proceedings 
recently . . . they went on vaca- 
tion and left the pastor at home 
. . . Joe McGinley had a success- 
ful card party at St. Joseph s 

House . . . Jim Burke spent a 
few weeks in Mercy Hospital, 
Pittsburgh, and is recuperating 
at home very nicely . . . John P. 
Gallagher received a warm wel- 
come at Duquesne after a long 
spell at Mercy Hospital . . . 
Clem Roach is trying a fund- 
raising firm to obtain the where- 
withal for a new school in 

The men in Puerto Rico re- 
corded some significant gains . . 
there were 8502 pupils in Cath- 
olic schools in 1947. Now there 
are 28,987. Over 7,000 Baptisms 
in 1958 . . . The Holy Week lit- 
urgy has been introduced, but 
many of the old customs lin- 
ger on. 

A cavalcade of buses from 
Alexandria under the direction 
of Frank Stacker invaded Lake 
Charles for the annual home- 
coming basketball game. Father 
Landy's boys sent them home 
smarting from a two-point loss 
. . . Father Holmes visited the 
Southern parishes . . . Father Tim 
Murphy reports 250 Confirma- 
tions in Lafayete. 

A new gym almost ready at 
Ann Arbor and another in Tulsa. 
Now all we need is one at Fern- 
dale . . . both gyms are a result 
of much hard work. The floor 
from University of Michigan was 
given to us and will be used pro 
tern until funds for a permanent 
floor can be raised. 


The annual parish dance of 
St. Mark's was another grand 
success. Held as usual in the 
Rennie ballroom, it was a tribute 
to the men in Harlem . . . Fern- 
dale had Arnold Lunn as a 
speaker recently . . . much work 
is being done on a new photo 
lab there. 

Father Tony Walsh reports no 
debt in St. Daniel's, Shreveport, 
although acquiring new property 
for church development . . . most 
of his funds are raised with his 
"poetry" . . . World Missions and 
Bishop Sheen asked Father Koren 
for an article on the Congrega- 
tion. Look for it . . . Shield maga- 
zine for January has given the 
Province a plug ... A nice time 
was had by all as Father Thiefels 
celebrated his 40th anniversary 
in Detroit . . . On February 2nd 
Father Lundregan was the guest 
of honor at Richmond, Mich., 
where the men of the Detroit 
area gathered ... At Duquesne 
a number of vistors here for the 
Council meeting joined us in 
honoring Libermann . . . Arty 
Woehrel is now working in the 
Education office at Moshi with 
Steve Lasko . . . Dutchy Trotter 
III is pastor at Kishimundu . . . 
A thief broke into Moshi mission 
at Xmas and got the Fathers' 
clothes. He was captured and 
the clothing retrieved. Fr. Joseph 
Kilasara is now at the Senior 
Seminary and Francis Mketa re- 
placed him at Kirua. Fathers 
Greff and LeClair are the only 

American priests now on the 
Rombo side of the mountain. 



Ferndale-March 13-19 
Rev. H. J. Farrell, C.S.Sp., 


Ferndale— June 8-12. 
Duquesne— June 15-19. 
Grand Coteau — 

Oct. 26-30. 
Pineville-Nov. 9-13. 

Rev. Michael Mulvoy, 

C.S.Sp., Preacher. 

Please advise the Su- 
perior of the Community in 
which you plan to make 
your Retreat well in ad- 
vance of the designated 

Front Row: Fathers Meenan, McGlynn, 
Murray, Superior, Connors, Knight. Back 
Row: Fathers Bullion, E. Bushinski, Zabo- 
rowski, L. Bushinski, Hurney, Conklin, 
Charles Trotter was absent when the 
photo was taken. 

Rev. Stephen J. Bryan 

FATHER Stephen Bryan was 
not a profane man, a vulgar, 
nor a reckless man. He was a 
reverent man, an exact man, a 
vehement man. For that reason 
he did not say: No exit. He said: 
Not an authorized egress. He 
did not say: Damn the torpe- 
does, full speed ahead. He said: 
Hew close to the line, let the 
chips fall where they may. Hew 
close to the line. It was reflected 
in the gait of his walk and the 
manner of his talk. He did all 
things exactly, vehemently. They 
were favorite words of his. 

His whole life was spent in 
the class room. Perhaps because 
of this there grew up about him 
the legend that he was such an 
outstanding Latin and Greek 
scholar. The greatest! We have a 
failing of confusing longevity 
and experience. Father Bryan 
was wont to remark: we can do 
the same thing wrong, or in a 
mediocre way, or without in- 
creasing our understanding, over 
a long period of years. As re- 
gards the legend, a confrere, 
very close to Father Bryan dur- 
ing his last years on Cornwells, 

Father Stephen J. Bryan 

jokingly but accurately, I be- 
lieve, explained it. He used to 
taunt Father Bryan: We make 
you look good, we know so little. 
Father Bryan was no special- 
ist, in the narrow sense. Dr. Pat 
Cronin, with whom he was as- 
sociated for many years at Du- 
quesne, once remarked that a 
university could be built around 
this man. True, there are few 
subjects he did not turn a hand 
to at one time or another. But 
al)ove all he was an 'uni-versa' 
man. An oriented, integrated 
man, we say. He made his own 
all those dimensions of the hu- 
man personality which when 
isolated one from another seem 
mutually incompatible. With 
ease and zest his interest radi- 
ated to a wide circumference: 
tlie classics, Migne's Patrology, 


Bret Harte, The Saturday Eve- 
ning Post, to all sports. And, ve- 
hemently. Yet without loss of 
sense of value. 

Pietas was no mere academic 
term to Father Bryan. It was 
firmly rooted in his nature; loy- 
alty to the memory of his par- 
ents, his relatives, the land of 
his birth, the Congregation, his 
teachers, his superiors. It is this 
I believe, that made the center 
of his life so firm and true. How- 
ever, he was not the unrecon- 
structed humanist. He was the 
fusion of Vergil and St. Paul. 
Grace did but follow the lines 
along which nature tended to 
run. Aptly, to illustrate this was 
the legend he recalled about St. 
Paul's short sojourn at Puteoli: 

When to VergiVs tomb they 

brought him. 
Tender pity and grief wrought 

To exclaim with pious tears: 
What a saint I might have 

crowned thee, 
Had I only living found thee. 
Poet, first and without peer. 

No one who knew Father 
Bryan can picture him other- 
wise than a man essentially hu- 
man. How he loved the whimsi- 
cal. To strangers he was stiffly 
courteous, reserved but hospita- 
ble. He was most at ease among 
his confreres and relatives. But. 
most endearing of all was his 
undisguised admiration for sim- 
plicity, modesty, industry. 

Stephen Joseph Bryan was 
born on February 3, 1879, in the 
district of Fullagh, union of 
Skibbereen, county of Cork, Ire- 
land. He attended National 
School, Lisheen, from 1885 to 
1892, Blackrock College from 
1892-1898 and received the 
Bachelor of Arts degree from 
the Royal University of Ireland 
in 1902. 

He attended Duquesne Uni- 
versity 1903-1904, made his pro- 
fession at Cornwells Heights on 
August 15, 1905, studied at Che- 
villv 1905-1906, at the Univer- 
sity" of Fribourg 1906-1908. He 
was ordained to the subdiacon- 
ate at Chevilly in June, 1908 to 
the diaconate in October and to 
the priesthood on October 28, 
1908. Apostolic Consecration fol- 
lowed on July 11, 1909. 

Father Bryan's first appoint- 
ment was to St. Mary's College, 
Trinidad, in 1909. While there 
he made his perpetual vows in 
June, 1914. 

In 1922, Father Bryan went to 
Duquesne University where he 
served until 1936. During these 
years, he finished his studies for 
the doctorate in classical lan- 
guage and was awarded the de- 
gree of doctor of philosophy 
from the University of Pitts- 
burgh in 1935. At Duquesne he 
was professor, dean of the Col- 
lege of Arts and Sciences, and 
dean of the Graduate School. 

In 1936, Father Bryan went to 


Ferndale as professor of moral 
theology. In 1939 he was trans- 
ferred to Cornwells Heights 
where he taught Latin and 
Greek until 1956. He then re- 
tired to the novitiate where he 
resided until his death. 

On the morning of July 18, 
1958, Father Bryan was found 
dead in his bed at the novitiate 
in Ridgefield. Funeral services 
were conducted at Ferndale on 
July 22. Celehrant of the Sol- 
emn Requiem Mass was Father 
David Ray, his nephew; Rev. 
Joseph Lonergan, of Pittsburgh, 
Pa., was deacon and Father Wil- 
liam Holmes, subdeacon. 

More than fifty priests were 
in attendance. Among those 
present were their Excellencies, 
Bishop Richard H. Ackerman, 
C.S.Sp., auxiliary bishop of San 
Diego, Calif., and Waller W. 
Curtis, S.T.D., auxiliary bishop 
of Newark, N. J., Rt. Rev. Msgr. 
William Connare, of Pittsburgh, 
Pa., Very Rev. Msgr. John Mc- 
Laughlin of Bridgeport; Very 
Rev. Vernon F. Gallagher, pro- 
vincial, and Very Rev. Robert 
Eberhardt, principal superior of 
the district of Puerto Rico. 

Bishop Ackerman preached 
the eulogy and interment fol- 
lowed in the Ferndale cemeterv. 


THE Province has not many 
egrege members. Two of our 
brothers in the priesthood who 
have been received as associates 
are particularly worthy of men- 
tion. We refer to Msgrs. Paul 
C>aiiipb<'ll ami Joseph A. Nelson. 
Hotb have sttulied under the 
direction ol oiir confreres at 
l)ii(|ii<'.^ne. Their support and 
tbeir affection for the Congre- 
gation has been demonstrated 
on many occasions. Mngr. Nelson 
if- Vicar for R<'ligious in the 
Ar< •h<lio<«'!-e of .\ew York. 

Msgr. Campbell is at present 
Administrator of the Diocese of 
Pittsburgh having been chosen 
by the Diocesan consultors fol- 
lowing Archbishop Dearden's 
transfer to Detroit. In the Feb- 
ruary is*ue of Homiletic the 
Pittsburgh priest has written a 
lengtby article on the S[>iritans, 
Father Koren's history of the 
Congregation. In his article, 
Msgr. Campbell's regard for the 
Holy Ghost Fathers is very 
much in evidence. 



Twenty-Five Years Ago 

ON March 8th Rev. Francis 
McGlynn, John P. Stanton, 
Anthony Lechner and Stanislaus 
Zaborowski celebrated the 10th 
anniversary of their Ordination 
. . . the fire at St. Joachim's, De- 
troit, in Feb. caused $150,000 
damage . . .-the sacristy was the 
only part of the church not com- 
pletely destroyed . . . On March 
15th, Mr. Joseph B. Hackett, Mr. 
Martin J. Hayden and Mr. Jo- 
seph E. Landy pronounced their 
Perpetual Vows at Ferndale . . . 
Father F. X. Williams was to con- 
duct the Holy Week ceremonies 
at St. Anne's Church, Wildwood. 
Father Diamond reported receiv- 
ing an encouraging letter from 
ex-champion lightheavyweight 
Tommy Loughran . . . Father 
Lawrence E. Farrell, pastor emer- 
itus of Our Lady of the Blessed 
Sacrament Church in Philadel- 
phia, died March 14. Father 
Hehir read the committal service 
at Cornwells March 20 . . . Fath- 
er Kingston has established a 
Five Year Plan as a means of 
raising funds for his mission in 
Puerto Rico ... he is endeavor- 
ing to have 1,000 persons con- 
tribute one dollar a year for five 
years, at the end of which time 
he hopes to have sufficient 
money to build a chapel. 

Fifteen Years Ago 

CaTHER William O'Neill re- 
ports from Camp LeJeune, 
N. C, that he is the first Catholic 
chaplain to be officially assigned 
to the colored Marines . . . Father 
Joseph Murphy, with the famous 
8th Air Force, mentions the large 
number of men receiving the 
Sacraments before a raid over 
enemy territory, many of whom 
died in action . . . The first mem- 
ber of the Wapare tribe to be 
ordained a priest was Father 
Andrea Kivari. He was ordained 
by Bishop Byrne in the new 
seminary at Kibosho. Father 
Marron delivered the sermon at 
his first Mass. Father F. X. O'Reil- 
ley writes from Gore, Kiliman- 
jaro: "Receive a grateful man's 
thanks . . . We have 32 schools 
closed since Hitler started losing 
patience" . . . Father Francis 
Cooney, Opelousas, has the larg- 
est school in the diocese . . . 720 

Ten Years Ago 

/^^ROUND was broken for new 
^^churches at Sacred Heart, 
Grayson, Okla., an out mission 
of Okmulgee and St, John's, Tus- 
con . . . Rev. Edward J. Kelly 
was ordained at Ferndale March 
12th. First Tonsure recipients 
March 10th: Messrs. Chronis, Fig- 
aro, LeClair, Seichepine Wehr- 
heim. Ostiariate and Lectorote: 


Messrs. Casey, Coffey, Cunning- 
ham, Evanstock, Hillman, Hogan, 
J. Kelly, Sharkey. The Subdiacon- 
ate: Gerard Bouthiliette, Cro- 
cenzi, Crowley, Durning, De- 
Dominicis, Jepson, Wright and 
E. Kelly . . . Father Joseph Quin- 
lan sailed for France last month 
to take up his new duties as 
councillor general ... 25 new 
converts were baptized on St. 
Patrick's Day in St. Mark's, New 
York City . . . Father Sheridan's 
tenets on Sportsmanship were 
printed: "Treat visiting teams as 
guests. Don't ask them to re- 
feree; our whistles are dirty and 
they might get germs. Don't ask 
them to keep score . . . they might 
want to watch the game. Don't 
ask them to keep time— they 
might not have a watch and 
then you would embarrass them. 
Sportsmanship . . . that's what 

Five Years Ago 

FATHER Martin J. Hoyden died 
in Philadelphia of a heart at- 
tack . . . the first American 
Brothers reported on their trip to 
Kilimanjaro . . . Brothers Martin 
and Francis ... a new stone 
crucifix was erected in the ceme- 
tery at Ferndole through the 
kindness of Father Thiefels . . . 
Father Vernon Gallagher was 
honored by the Junior Chamber 
of Commerce as Pittsburgh's Man 
of the Year . . . the cornerstone 
for Assumption Hall, girls' dorm 
at Duquesne, was blessed by 
Most Rev. Coleman F. Carroll . . . 
Father Lavery was promoted to 
major . . . Frank Kichak was or- 
dained March 26th by Bishop 
Joseph Whelan, C.S.Sp., bishop 
of Owerri. 

R*cogmze Frt. C. Trotter, Ray, Sweeney, White, WaUh, Kanda, Pixley, Muka, 
Dougherty, Lawritts, C. Hogan??? 



by Rev. William E. O'Donnell 

FOR over two and a half cen- 
turies the Holy Ghost Fath- 
ers and brothers have done mag- 
nificent work for God, for the 
Church and for the honor of 
the Congregation to which they 
were privileged to belong. 

The United States is great be- 
cause we have learned to unite 
many divergent categories of 
men to form one voluntary, co- 
hesive whole for the benefit of 
all right-minded individuals, for 
the strengthening of the nation 
and even for the good of the 
civilized world. This result could 
not have been obtained were not 
the structure of government 
based on permanent, fundamen- 
tal, right principles. 

Our Congregation, by its very 
nature, demands the unity of 
many in the work of our official 
ends. We need to be of one 
heart and one mind. That our 
ends are good we can be sure 
for they all have the approba- 
tion of the Church. 

All wish for the spiritual wel- 
fare of each individual. The first 
motive in joining the Congrega- 
tion was, and is, the sanctifica- 
tion of each member's soul. In 
this the individual himself is 
allowed to be selfish. But all, in 
the single-minded charity of 

Christ, must desire the sanctifi- 
cation of each. The general aim 
of the Congregation has to be 
the care of souls that come our 

Mere there is great diversity. 
We are international. We have 
confided to us many different 
kinds of work, in many different 
languages, having different out- 
looks. Yet to each member be- 
longs the motto: COR UNUM 

The work allotted to each 
comes by obedience. The doing 
of that particular work to the 
best of one's ability becomes the 
here-and-now necessity of the 
faithful man of God. 

"In union there is strength". 
We do have a great source 
of union in our community 
prayers. We can be strengthened 
by knowing that others, not in 
our particular field, are praying 
for us and are interested in what 
we are doing. 

The beautiful doctrine of the 
"Communion of Saints" has for 
us a particular and practical 
meaning. In the fourth chapter 
of the Acts of the Apostles we 
are told, "Now the multitude of 
the believers were of one heart 
and one soul." 













t ~r 



Uui i\ooince 

March-April 1959 
Vol. 28 No. 2 

Official monthly bulletin of the Holy Ghost 
Fathers of the Province of the United 
States. Founded in November, 1933, by 
Father C. J. Plunkett, C.S.Sp. Published 
for private circulation. Address: 1615 
Manchester Lane, N. W., Washington 11, 
D. C, U. S. A. 



19 Provincial's Message 

20 OfFicial 

21 Congratulations 

22 Avis Du Mois 

23 15 Years Ago; 10 Years Ago 

24 News Roundup 

26 Father Edward M. Smith 

28 Father Joseph Wuest 

30 Analysis of Report on Vocation 

31 Vocation Sources 

Sick List 

Father James Bradley 

Father James Burke 

Father Anthony Walsh 

Father Joseph Keown 

Father Edward ClifFord 

Father Edward Wilson 
Mother of Fathers Duffy 

Father of Fathers Moroney 


T N March the four scholastics 
pictured received the Diacon- 
ate and Suhdiaconate at Fern- 
dale. Rev, Mr. William Joyce and 
Rev. Mr. Leonard Tuozzolo are 
in the front and Rev. Mr. Fran- 
cis Hanley and Rev. Mr. Robert 
McNally are in the rear as they 
march from the altar. 

These four deacons will be 
ordained June 4th at Ferndale 
by Most Rev. Lawrence Shchan, 
D.D., of Bridgeport. Confreres 
are cordially invited to attend 
the ceremonies. 

Please notify Ferndale if you 
plan to attend the ceremonies. 
The annual Consecration Day 
and open house at Ferndale will 
be on June 14. The confreres at 
Ferndale assure you of a cordial 


Provincials Message 

My dear Confreres: 

Sn an endeavor to stimulate vocations by every means at our 
disposal, measures have been taken to open Cornvt^ells to extern 
students. The Generalate has approved the plan on condition 
that the spiritual, academic, and financial implications be care- 
fully studied out and reported on in acceptable fashion. 

With characteristic directness. Father FitzGerald divided his 
community into three committees and set them to the tripartite task. 
The resultant report was sent to Paris and vy^e received permission 
to proceed. 

Day-students will be accepted by Cornwells next September. 
By that time, in anticipation of the move to Bethel in 1960, all 
collegians from Cornwells will have moved on to Ridgefield. 
Obviously, therefore, space will not constitute a problem. Adjust- 
ments involving the library and a new physics laboratory will, how- 
ever, require immediate attention. So will future developments. 

The venture is not without sobering implications. That is why 
we earnestly solicit your prayers for its success and for the success 
of all our vocation efforts during this particular month. 

While we are on the subject, I should like to express to the com- 
munities of Ferndale, Cornwells, Rhode island and Duquesne my 
sincerest thanks for their outstanding work in the field of recruitment. 

Fraternally yours, 

VERNON F. GALLAGHER, C.S.Sp., Provincial 


r^ONFRERES consecrated in 1949 and 1950. unless 
excused by Father Provincial, will spend the month 
of July at Ferndale for retreat, recollection and con- 
ferences concerning the apostolate. 

_ ._1.9 


Reception of Orders, Ferndale, Arrivals 
March 4 and March 5: Bishop 

Lawrence Shehan of Bridgeport, April 6th— Father Richard J. 

celebrant. LeClair at Logan airport, Boston 

Subdiaconate and Diaconate- °" '^°''°" Airline from Nairobi, 

Kenya Colony. 

Rev. Mr. Francis Hanley, Wil- 
mington, Del. 

Rev. Mr. William Joyce, Cam- 
bridge, Mass. Departures 

Rev. Mr. Robert McNally, Wall- 

lingford. Conn. February 28th — Father James 

Rev. Mr. Leonard Tuozzolo, Mangan from Idlewild on S.A.S. 

Woodside, N. Y. Airlines to Nairobi. 

Minor Orders— April 3rd — Father Herbert 
Messrs: Robert Allen, Stam- Prueher from Brooklyn on Robin 
ford. Conn.; Joseph Cooke, Phil- Line ship to Mombasa via Cape- 
adelphia; Roger DufFey, Pitts- town 
burgh; Philip Evonstock, Bridge- 
port; Charles Giambrone, Bridge- April 1 8th-Father Constantine 
port; Thomas Tunney, Ambridge, Chronis to Africa. 

First Tonsure- 
Messrs: George Soberick, Coal- In Your Charity 

dole. Pa.; John Weber, Wash- 
ington, Pa. Mother of Father Thos. Dolan 

Father of Father John Walsh, 

Calendar of Moshi 

June 4-Ordination at Ferndale Father of Father Francis Schillo 

June 7— Graduation at Duquesne Henry Rossenbach, brother of 
June 14— Apostolic Consecration Father Rossenbach 



FATHER Charles Connors, 
upon his appointment as 
Censor LiI)roruni in the Diocese 
of Bridgeport. 

Father Ed Wolfe for the work 
done as Holy Childhood Director 
in the Dioceses of San Juan and 
Ponce, Puerto Rico. $75,000 
raised in the last few years. 

Father Joe Kletzel for the 
Knights of Columhus work he 
does in the city of Pittshurgh. 

Father Anton Morgenroth for 
the tremendous success of his 
pupils at Umhwe Secondary 
School. Surpassed all other 
schools in Tanganyika in the 
government exams. 

Father Con Conan for organ- 
izing and conducting the inter- 
esting discussions on Catechetics. 
the Dialogue Mass, etr., in Singa 
Chini in March. 

Father Quinlan celehrating 
his tenth year at the Mother 
House where he has been of 
considerable help to us. 

Father Van Kaam completing 
a year at Brandeis University 
in Boston and bringing much 
credit to the Congregation. 

Father Frank Duffy for his 
National Guard and Juvenile 
Court work in Pittsburgh. 

Father John Joyner for the 
splendid work he has done with 
the choir and among the stu- 
dents at Duquesne. 

Father Herbert Farrell on the 
vocation work he has been do- 

ing around the Eastern states. 

Father Thiefels for the con- 
stant demonstration of cor unum 
in the Detroit area. 

Fathers McNeil and Leonard 
on the new churches they've 
built in the South. 

Father Joseph Jaworski for 
the triJjute paid him by the 
people of Pittsburgh. 

Father Joseph Callahan as he 
nears the 55th anniversary of his 
ordination — June 26th. 

Father Bob Graves in Puerto 
Rico for his articles and news 
of Puerto Rico. 

Father Jim Mangan on his re- 
turn to Kilema. 

Father Ken Milford and To- 
sello Giangiacomo for the new 
churches they've built in Puerto 

Father Bill Keown for his 
contributions to the Missions 
via a mission box in the church. 

Father Andre Krieger, "Ka- 
feffe", on his 55th anniversary 
on Kilimanjaro. 

Father Dinny Durning for the 
great work among the WaSonjo 
people out in Loliondo. 

The confreres in Africa who 
pooled their resources to help 

Father Dinny Morley for his 
many acts of kindness to the 
missions in need. 

Father Joe Cassidy on the am- 
bitious program he is undertak- 
ing in Tuscaloosa. 



Bulletin March-April, 1959 

My dear Confreres: 

On October 2 of this year we 
shall celebrate the two-hundred- 
and-fiftieth anniversary of the 
death of our Venerated Founder, 
Father Claude Poullart des 
Places, who died in Paris on 
October 2, 1709. 

That date is an important one 
for us, for all the members of 
our Congregation unhesitatingly 
admit that they are the sons of 
the Society of the Holy Ghost. 
This, however, in no way goes 
counter to the primordial work 
of its reanimation which was ac- 
complislied through the instru- 
mentality of Venerable Father 
Francis Lil)ermann. For by fus- 
ing liis Society but recently 
founded as the Society of the 
Holy Heart of Mary, witl) the 
more ancient and almost expir- 
ing Society of the Holy Ghost, 
he breathed new life in the 
latter, bringing to it ardent, 
generous and resolute young 

That fusion was evidently in 
line with God's designs, and 
Divine Providence led to that 
result with patient steadfastness 
as the following facts clearly 

In 1830 Fatlicr Berlin wlio 
liad gallirn-*! iwcnfv voung men 

around him in the Association 
of the Holy Heart of Mary, ex- 
pressed the wish of joining the 
Spiritans with his small group in 
order to save their Institute 
which was on the point of ex- 
piring through lack of members. 
That plan did not materialize 
Ijecause Father Bertin accepted 
the offer of the Superior of the 
Eudists of joining that Society 
which was in the process of res- 
toration at Rennes. Ten years 
passed by. It was then that 
Father Libermann, director of 
the Novitiate of the same Eu- 
dists, in circumstances well 
known to us, left Rennes to 
found the Society of the Holy 
Heart of Mary. And the latter, 
after a series of events where 
God's Finger is in perfect evi- 
dence, was incorporated in the 
Congregation of the Holy Ghost. 
It follows that this year we in- 
tend to celebrate with greater 
solemnity than usual the anni- 
versary of the death of our 
Founder. First of all we shall 
be eager to nourish our interior 
life with the exalted spiritual 
doctrine which stands revealed 
in the few documents relating 
to our Founder that have been 
preserved for us. Next we shall 


study the history of the founda- 
tion and development of the 
Congregation of the Holy Ghosl 
which was created by him and 
of which we are the children. 
That is why at this moment, in 
Paris, one of our Fathers is ap- 
plying himself to research in the 
archives of religious institutes 
as well as in the libraries of the 
State, for the purpose of obtain- 
ing conclusive, accurate and de- 
tailed information regarding the 
origins of our religous famly 
and the first confreres whom 
our Venerated Founder gathered 
around himself to help him in 
its early development. 

By going back to the first 
years of our Congregation we are 
merely obeying the wise direc- 
tives of the Sovereign Pontiffs. 
For these have always urged re- 
ligious to reanimate themselves 
tlirougli the sj)irit of their foun- 

der and live by the spiritual 
heritage which a special design 
of Divine Providence had com- 
mitted to them. This return to 
the cradle of our origin will 
draw down special graces upon 
us. These will help us to be 
more earnest and persevering in 
the pursuit of our own sanctifi- 
cation and by that fact will 
make us more faithful to the 
duties of our state of life. 

Ever more generous and fer- 
vent religious of the Holv Ghos^ 
and the Holy Heart of Mary, 
after the pattern of our Ven- 
erated Founder! This is my 
daily prayer to God for every 
member of our Congregation 
and it will be particularly my 
prayer during this anniversary 

Francis GrifFin, C.S.Sp. 
Superior General. 

filteen ^ea^s Qcc ten yjea^s Clc 


Sixteen ordinandi were to be 
ordained in June: Messrs. Flaher- 
ty, Moroz, Hurney, Shanahan, 
Puhl, Gartskiewicz, Meenan, Mc- 
Ginn, Mroz, L. Trotter, Woehrel, 
McGinley, PergI, Burkhart and 
Varga . . . Father Joseph Loner- 
gan was starting a new mission 
at Olivier, La. . . . Father Ray 
was promoted to captain while 
serving in Italy . . . Father Wat- 
kins was sent to Abyssinia. 


Appointments— Father V. Cro- 
nin, Chippewa Falls, pro tem; 
James Bradley, Tuscon; F. X. 
O'Reilley, Tiverton; Eckert, Chip- 
pewa Falls . . . Father Brannigan 
gave a Lenten course in River- 
side, Calif. . . . Father Collins 
was in Georgetown Hospital a 
few weeks . . . the Gledhill prop- 
erty was acquired . . . Bishop 
Byrne came to visit Ferndale . . . 
the opening of Father DufFy's 
window indicated to Cornwells 
that Spring had officially begun. 


Tleivs Kcun^up — 

HE churches at Plaisance and 
^ Lake Charles, built by Fathers 
Leonard and McNeil, were 
blessed recently . . . Tony Walsh 
was forced to rest at a hospital 
in Shreveport as was Father Mc- 
Glynn in Stamford . . . Frank 
Crocker has a supply of tickets 
for the fund-raising drive for 
Ann Arbor . . . The Knights of 
Equity in Pittsburgh are raffling 
a Cadillac to help the Bethel 
project . . . Remo Bonifazi is 
due home in June after complet- 
ing a course of studies at the 
University of London . . . Vince 
Donovan and Artie Woeh'-el act- 
ed as guides for two Pittsburgh 
tourists visiting Nairobi and 
were successful in locating a few 
lions . . . Fathers Lauritis and 
Deer gave lectures at Ferndale 
on writing and photography . . . 
Dick Ricketts, former Duquesne 
star and now with Rochester in 
the International League, spoke 
to the students of St. James 
School in Alexandria . . . John 
Muka has a large class under 
instructions at St. Peter Clavers 
. . . Dick LeClair arrived from 
Nairobi April 6th, his home ad- 
dress: Monponsett St., Monpon- 
set, Mass. . . . Father Provinciaf 
end Father Griffin engaging in a 
Rural Life Movement at Kellmont 
. . . any mbege planted? Some 
birthdays coming up in May: 
Eberhardt, GrifFin, Lasko, Nebel, 

Church in Africa built bv Fathpr Anthony 
Bacher, C.S.Sp., of McKees Rocks, Pa. 

Jerry Walsh, Mangan, Mulvoy, 
Connolly, Brannigan and Bill 
Murray among them . . . Father 
O'Donnell gave the Brothers' Re- 
treat in March so Father Van de 
Putte substituted at the piano on 
St. Patrick's night ... a few 
plugs for "my home town, 
Ghent" were noticed in the pro- 
gram . . . Father Farrell has been 
conducting a series of retreats 
and lectures for prospective vo- 
cations from Rhode Island to 
Pittsburgh . . . the men in Detroit 
gave Connie Chronis a sendoff 
before he sailed April 8th . . . 
the community room at Ferndale 
has been done over and awaits 
the comments of oncoming re- 
treatants . . . One of the largest 
groups of confreres ever assem- 
bled here honored Father Pete 
Gross at Emsworth on his 25th. 
Congratulations to Vince Kmie- 
cinski and Joe Healey who 
"managed" the affair . . . the 
new dormitory at Rock Castle 
was dedicated April 16th . . . 
The mother of Fathers Frank and 


Joe DufFy is very ill; the father 
of Fathers Joe and Gene Mo- 
roney is also in critical condition 
. . . we ask your prayers for 
them. Chuck Connors is Censor 
Librorum in the Diocese of 
Bridgeport ... 59 children made 
their First Communion at St. 
James, Alexandria, the largest 
class yet . . . Lake Charles 
youngsters were guests of St. 
James High this month and 
joined in the Teen-Town festivi- 
ties . . . Duquesne baseball team 
had 23 hits as they opened the 
season with a 25-6 win over 

Bishop Greco made his Can- 
onical Visitation at Natchitoches 
and confirmed fifty-nine this 


month . . . Tony Frommholz was 
out of action with an injured 
foot for two weeks . . . Mr. J. Her- 
man Friedman donated his Conn 
organ to St. Anthony's parish 
in Natchitoches where John Ron- 
deau is pastor . . . Father Zabor- 
owski has been extremely help- 
ful in lining up Paraclete sub- 
scribers . . . our sincere thanks 
to him and others who have 
been helping the cause . . . Luke 
Huber is campaigning for Para- 
clete in his parish . . . Our Lady 
of Guadelupe parish. Bakers- 
field, with 125, heads the list of 
our parishes receiving Paraclete 
in bulk orders . . . only eleven 
of our parishes order Paraclete 
. . . how about the rest of you? 


H^ 9 ^ 

Among those pictured here are Fathers Strmiska, Skibinski, Goebel, Hehir, Luczie- 
wicz, Phelan, Henry McDermott, McMenemy, Brannigan, McGuigan, Killeen, ColKns, 
Park, Quintan, Roach, and Lachowsky . . . know the others? 



SOME obituaries are over- 
statements. Others are the 
under-statements of the year. It 
usually depends on the person 
who wrote the account and how 
well he knew the deceased con- 
frere. Also what did the writer 
have in mind? Did he intend to 
magnify the qualifications or — 
sad to relate — underestimate 
the character of the deceased. 
At his twenty-fifth sacerdotal 
anniversary. Father Edward 
Smith received the foUowinii 
telegram. Quote: "Best regards 
on this your big day. You over 
came obstacles on the way, 
many of which were man made." 
End quote. Little did Fath<M 
Smith know at that time thai 
he liad only three months to 

Syd ( as we nicknamed Ed 
Smith at the novitiate) came 
to us from the Redemptorists. 
He was born and reared in a 
Redcmptorist parish in Phila- 
delphia and as a young man en- 
tered the Redemptorist House 
of Studies at Northeast, Penna. 
Believe it or not — Ed Smith had 
a speech impediment and was 
dismissed by them because of 
this. Determined to become a 
priest, he applied the same year 
at Cornwells. After all, Ed didn'l 
have that iinderslung an<l f»roini- 

nent jaw for nothing! 

During his novitiate year he 
was placed in the care of a 
speech-expert in New York City 
who quickly helped the aspiring 
young novice to overcome his 
iiandicap. Those younger mem- 
bers of the Spiritan fold would 
hardly believe that Syd stut- 
tered and stammered over his 
reading in the refectory at the 
novitiate. In later years he was 
so facile and glib — never lost 
a word. Perhaps this was the 


biggest obstruction he had to 
overcome in his short career. 
Father Phclan received him into 
the Congregation of the Holy 
Ghost at Ridgefield on August 
14, 1925. 

CD was one of the leaders of 
his class. He could quote the 
page, and even the section of 
the page in Shultze's Latin 
Grammar where certain rules of 
syntax could be found. His 
progress in the Scholasticate was 
swift and sure but he was not 
to be ordained with his class. He 
was sent to Duquesne to prefect 
for two years. His ordination to 
the Priesthood was deferred to 
June 24, 19,33. 

His first appointment was to 
Cornwells as an instructor. After 
four years he advanced to the 
Faculty at Ferndale. For a year 
he helped at St. Basil's College 
in Stamford, Conn. 

In 1940 Father Smith was as- 
signed to Duquesne where he 
taught for ten years. In 1950 
with no pastoral experience he 
was appointed pastor of a run- 
down parish in Emsworth, Pa. 
This was probably the greatest 
challenge Father Smith had to 
meet since his novitiate days. 
What he accomplished at Sacred 
Heart, Emsworth, Pa., must 
rank with the outstanding at- 
tainments in the Province. 

His end came suddenly. 
Father Ed felt a headache which 
grew worse. Rushed to the hos- 

pital it was discovered that he 
was suffering with a cerebral 
hemmorhage. He was dead the 
next day. His death was very 
similar to that of Father Bill 
Holt, his cousin — sudden! 

Father smith was an un- 
usual character. "A marvelous 
community man," as Father 
James Riley, of happy memory, 
spoke of him. Many were the 
humorous and amusing anec- 
dotes and tall stories Father Ed 
Smith used to relate in the com- 
munity room just to pep up the 
conversation. There was nothing 
small or picayunish about him. 
Some who knew him in a cur- 
sory manner only might speak 
of him as a charlatan. Don't be- 
lieve it ! Even though he was 
Dean of Music at Duquesne and 
Irad never composed a fugue, or 
for that matter even a simple 
elementary scale exercise for be- 
ginners in music. Father Smitli 
always accepted what obedience 
ordered. It was not strange that 
he was so successful. 

Could we refer to Father Ed 
Smith as a bit of a poseur — for 
want of le mot juste? Yes in the 
good sense of the word. I like to 
think of him as a poseur at the 
throne of the Eternal High 
Priest who with an indulgent 
and benign glance welcomed 
Father Smith with the accolade: 
"Well done, good and faithful 



A FEW (lays before his death, 
Fatlier Joseph Wuest made 
his way painfully to the sacristy 
for the noonday Mass at St. 
Mary's in Detroit, Mich. Every 
shuffling step was a cross. We 
scolded him kindly for the suf- 
fering he was causing himself. 

But Father Wuest only joked 
about it. He had a delightful, 
innocent sense of humor to his 
last days. He had grown old 
gracefully. His child-like soul 
had gained the "prize so honor- 
able as old age; and it is won 
by innocence of life." (Proverbs 

Father Wuest was a simple 
man of innocent life. He had 
few hobbies and even these 
"leaned to virtue's side." He 
gave no time to anything that 
was not employed to the service 
of God. His purpose in life was 
singular and single — to love God 
perfectly by serving Him per- 

Strictness seems to go with in- 
nocence, simplicity and single- 
ness of purpose and to this 
Father Wuest was no exception. 
In tlie last months of his life he 
scrui)led about it to the point of 
discussing it with his superioi 
"I've been thinking of tbc old 
days and I'm afraid that there 
were times when I was too strict 
with my assistants." 

His superior met this scruple 
with Wuestian directness: "Was 
this strictness the result of 
meanness of principle?" 

"Oh, no. NO! I certainly did 
not do it to be mean. I am sure 
it was the right thing to do." 

The spread of the Faith and 
its preservation were Father 
Wuest's principal preoccupation. 
He hunted souls everywhere, <;s- 
pecially abandoned souls and 
God's will was clear to him, 
nothing could halt him. Priests 
and laity soon discovered this — ■ 
even bishops! 

The colored people of Detroit 
found in him a powerful cham- 
pion. He founded the first 
church in Detroit for them. He 
founded the Kolping Society 
for young German immigrants 
and many a Detroiter owes his 
Faith as well as his material 
prosperity to Father Wuest. He 
started St. Mary's Commercial 
High School to help equip 
youngsters for adult life and its 
Alumnae Association has be- 
come a {)owerful help in the life 
and growth of St. Mary's parish. 
Until four years ago Father 
Wuest heard confessions daily 
even though ill health had com- 
pelled him to retire as pastor in 
the 30's. He celebrated the 60th 
anniversary of his ordination in 


1956 and in the same year was 
honored by the West German 
government for his long service 
to his countrymen. 

In working for others. Father 
Wuest never neglected his own 
soul.. For him labor was prayer 
and fidelity to pastoral duties 
increased his personal holiness. 
He climbed the golden ladder to 
God methodically and unsensa- 
tionally by careful discharge of 
the detailed, petty, menial and 
time-consuming tasks of the 
shepherd of souls. As he had 
lived, so he died — a truly child- 
like soul beloved bv men and 

Joseph wuest was bom in 

Thalheim, Nassau, Germany, on 
July 7, 1869. He made his pri- 
mary and secondary studies at 
Thalheim and his collesiate 

studies at Mesnieres from 1888 
to 1892. At Langonnet and Che- 
villy (1892-961. Father Wuest 
completed his philosophical and 
theological studies. He made his 
profession at Grigon on August 
15, 1897, and his perpetual vows 
at Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, 
on July 21, 1903. 

Fatlier Wuest received the 
subdiaconate at Chevilly on 
February 29 and the diaconate 
in July of 1896. He was ordained 
at Grignon on September 17. 
1896 and made his apostolic 
consecration at Grignon on Au- 
gust 15, 1897. His first appoint- 
ment was lo Knechtsteden as 
professor from 1897 to 1899. 

Tn 1899 Father Wuest came to 
the United States as assistant 
))astor at St. Mary's, Sharpsburg, 
Pa. From 1902 to 1907 lie served 
as chaplain of the hospital and 
bead of the missionary work at 
Notre Dame parish. 

In 1907, he was made pastor 
of St. Mary's, Detroit, Mich., and 
immediately began work with 
the immigrant German families. 
Here he established the Kolping 
Society, St. Elizabeth's Society 
and St. Joseph's Society. In 1911 
he turned to the work of the 
Negro population of Detroit. 

Father Wuest began holdins 
services for the Negroes in St. 
Mary's School and three years 
later purchased a building at 
Eliot and Beaubien Streets and 
had it converted into a church. 
That building still functions as 
the St. Peter Claver community 


center oi' the League of Catholic Solemn Requiem Mass was 
Women and still bears the name celebrated at St. Mary's on July 
Father Wuest gave it. The par- 21, 1958 by Very Rev. Vernon F. 
ish near this site is now Sacred Gallagher, provincial, and abso- 
Heart. lution was given by Most Rev, 
111 health compelled Father Alexander M. Zalewski, auxili- 
W uest to retire as pastor in 1929 ary bishop of Detroit. Father 
and except for a year's residence Henry Thiefels preached the 
at St. Joachim's, Detroit, he re- eulogy. Interment was in the 
mained at St. Mary's until his community plot in Mount El- 
death on July 17, 1958. liott Cemetery, Detroit. R. I. P. 


In 1946-47 the dioceses from which most scholastics came were 
Philadelphia (52), Pittsburgh ( 33 » , Hartford (20). 

This year Pittsburgh (29), Detroit (27), Philadelphia (16) 
and Saginaw (11) lead. Connecticut ( 3 dioceses ) has 9 representa- 
tives this year. 

In 1946-47 twenty-eight dioceses were represented in our scho- 
lastic line-up. Now forty-one dioceses, including London, Ontario 
(3), have boys in our seminaries. Nineteen of these dioceses are 
dioceses where we have houses or parishes. 

There has been a notal)le decline in the numljers coming from 
Boston, Hartford and Philadelphia. In 1946-47 there was a total of 
83 from tliese places; now only 27 are from there. On the other 
hand, Detroit and Saginaw, with a total of 9 in 1946-47, now have 
a t«»tal of 38, due probably to the opening of Ann Arbor. 

Fight Southern dioceses are found on the present list whereas 
in the past one, Little Rock, ( Lachowsky family) was listed. It is 
interesting to note that we have 16 from Philadelphia when we 
know from other sources that this year 267 boys from there entered 
the Brothers or began studies from the priesthood last year. 













Boston _ 




















Des Moines 





Grand Rapids 





La Crosse 



Lafayette, La. 


Little Rock 





Newark ..^ ..- 

New York 

New Orleans 








Rochester _ 



St. Augustine - 

St. Paul 


Sioux City 

Springfield, Mass. 










London, Canada 




Cornwel's Ann Arbor 



1 3 


3 23 


1 1 





15 3 


1 9 






™ E. 




December 1959 Vol. 28 No, ^3 


My dear Confreres, 

I shall have to take full responsibility for the un- 
fortunate delay in publishing this issue of Our P_r_o vj,nc e . 
When Father Lord transferred his editorial offices to 
Washington last June, he offered to take OP as well. At 
that time I assured him that I would be able to handle it 
personally from now on. Just released from my respon- 
sibilities at Duquesne University, I had visions of abund- 
ant free-time for such activities. Since my optimism 
was based more on naivet^ than on fact, publication of 
op lapsed perforce until now. Your patient understand- 
ing has been appreciated. 

It is too early to project a definite format or a 
policy regarding content in future numbers. This 
present issue assumes the nature of a newsletter. Some 
of the items may appear too ephemeral in character to 
be included with serious notes, but I have learned in 
my visits through various parts of the Province that the 
brethren of the diaspora are interested even in such 
things as another confrere's arthritis or his game of 
golf. Naturally, that interest will be all the better 
served if you will provide the material in your cor- 
respondence. Every scrap of information will be 
gratefully received. 

With an earnest and prayerful wish for many 
blessings at Christmas and throughout the New Year, 
I remain 

Fraternally yours in Sp. Sto. , 

Vernon F. Gallagher, C.S.Sp. 
. Provincial 

Effective August 1, 1959 


Father Raymond M. Buchler 
Father John M. Joyner 
Father John F. O'Grady 

Puerto Rico 

Father Daniel J. McGarry 
Father Edward J. Caron 

Pastoral Year 

The following youncj Fathers, who made their Apostolic Consecration, 
June 14, 1959, have been assigned to Duquesne University Community 
to complete their 5th year of Theology: 

Father Joseph L. Deniger 

Father Joseph F. 

, Timassy 

Father Edward M. Hayes 

Father James P. 


Father Adrian T.Hebert 

Father David L. 


Father William J.Jackson 

Father Joseph F. Lipke 


Father Thomas J. Miller 

Father Raymond 

E. Bruck 

Effective August 20, 1959 

Alexandria, St. James 

Father Joseph T.Hanichek, Pastor 

Ann Arbor 

Father John M. 


Charleston, St. Peter 
Father William R. Humey 

Charleston, Our Lady of Mercy 
Father Eugene E. Moroney 

Chippewa Falls, Notre Dame 
Father Raymond J. Casey 


Father John E. Baney 
Father Salvatore J, Federici 
Father Patrick L. McNally 

Effective August 20, 1959 

Dayton, St. John 

Father Paul J. Lippert, Pastor 

Detroit, St. Mary's 

Father Martin M. Kirschbautn 
Father James J. Sheridan 


Father Francis A. Chiaramonte 
Father Francis X. Malinowski 
Father Robert N. Roach 

Hot Springs, St. Gabriel 
Father Edward J. Beriault 

Lake Charles, Sacred Heart 
Father John J. Murray 

Marksville, Holy Ghost 

Father Edward J. Caron (Temporary) 

Morrilton, Sacred Heart 
Father Anthony F. Lachowsky 

New York, St. Mark 
Father Charles T. Behl 
Father J. M. Joyner (Temporary) 

Opelousas, Holy Ghost 
Father Francis M. Philben 

Parkersburg, DeSales 
Father John F. Kelly 

Pittsburgh, Duquesne University 
Father Leonard A. Bushinski 
Father Frederick J. Clark 
Father Charles J. Fenner 
Father Joseph A. Healy 
Father William F. Hogan 
Father Henry J. Lemmens 

Effective August 20, 1959 

Pittsburgh, Provincialate-Kellmont 

Father Regis C. Guthrie, First Assistant 

Father Frederick C. Lachowsky, Provincial Procurator & Secretary- 
Pittsburgh, St. Mary's 

Father Andrew A. O'Rovirke, Assistant 

Ridgef ield 

Father Joseph A. Harman, Socius to Novice Master 

Riverside, Notre Dame 
Father John T. Donohoe 
Father Robert F. McGinn 
Father Henry J. Planinsek 

Rock Castle, St. Emma's 

Father William J. Holmes, Superior-Director (Pastor, St. Edward's) 
Father John A. Bums 
Father James T.Kilbride 
Father Alfred Monteil 

Tucson, St. John 
Father Joseph A. Behr 
Father Peter F. Covas 

Tulsa, St. Monica 

Father Joseph A. McGoldrick 

Washington, B.C. Our Lady of Victory 

Father Charles Connors, Superior-Director 

Father Thomas J. Clynes, Promotion Director 

Father Norman G. Hannahs, Assistant Vocation Director 

Father Norman F. Lord, Editor "Paraclete" 

Father Stanley J. Trahan, Assistant Director-Bursar 

Effective August 31, 1959 

North Tiverton, Stafford Road 
Father Francis J. FitzGerald, Pastor 

Effective November 9, 1959 

Detroit, St„ Joachim 

Father Michael J. Brannlgan, Assistant 


Father William P. Murray 

Marksville, Holy Ghost 
Father William Blass, Pastor 

New York, St. Mark 

Father James J. White, Jr. , Assistant 

Returned Permanently to Europe 

Father Herbert J. Farrell — to Ireland 
Brother Fiolrad Poensgen — to Germany 


F ather Edward Clifford ('42) — at New York on July 24, 1959; 
after suffering from cancer for fifteen months. 

F ather Dennis Morley {'32) — at Moshi on June 22, 1959; 
suddenly of a heart attack. 

Requiescent in pace. 


Bishop Byrne suffered a heart attack while he was temporarily replacing 
the Bishop of Cashel. He is responding to rest and therapy 
at Rockwell College. 

Father Kirkbride had another siege this summer but, though still a bit 
crippled by arthritis and somewhat emaciated, he is proving 
why "there will always be an England". 

Father Anthony Walsh is recovering from a heart attack. He lost a good 
deal of weight during his illness. 

Father William Murray sustained a series of "small" heart attacks 
which weakened him so much that he had to return to 
Femdale to rest there. 

Father FitzGerald was stricken by a massive stomach hemorrhage in the 
midst of his parish's first organizational meeting. He is 
slowly emerging from the critical list at Fatima Hospital, 
Providence, Rhode Island. 

Father Francis P. Smith is recovering from a bad case o" colitis. 

Reports from the hospital have him greatly improved now. 

Father Knicfht looks and feels fine. Maybe the Good Lord will preserve 
him for us for many years. 

Father Dwyer's old ulcer and anaemia are now receiving complete 
therapy and hs is fast returning to health. 

Father Deer blacked out this summer and thereby received a cardiac 
warning. If he reduces his heavy work-load reasonably, 
all will be well. 

Father James Bradley suffered a very serious heart attack last spring 
but his recuperation proceeded satisfactorily. 

Father O'Brien's injured knee acted up again. He may have to bear 
with the pain and inconvenience for the rest of his life. 


Father JaworsM suffers so much from high blood pressure and general 
debility that he is confined for the most part to his room. 

Father Ftecktenwald has been hospitalized by a sharp and unidentified 
abdominal pain. 

Father Lucey is recovering nicely from siirgery. His gall bladder was 

Father Wilson is still following a prothrombin-coagulation routine to 
prevent further heart attacks. 

Father Federici is hospitalized for the second time in a few weeks with 
what was originally diagnosed as a kidney infection and diabetes. 
The high fever is back. 

Father Rondeau was engaged in a do-it-yourself paint job when the 
ladder let go. He's now recovering from a broken foot and a 
gash that required six stitches under the chin. 

Father Schuster has returned to fairly normal activity after Ms coronary. 
No more carrying steel beams in one hand, however. 

Father Marshall's back condition necessitated surgical removal of a 

spinal disc. 

Father Burke will be able to return to Africa as soon as his sinus of the 
spine is cleared up. Because of repeated surgery, it has taken 
the wound a long time to heal. 

Father KIchak suffered a whip- lash neck injury while driving. He was 
put in traction at Divine Providence Hospital, Pittsburgh. 

Father D'Ostillo sustained tendon injuries while showing the 

Junior Scholastics at Ann Arbor how football should be played. 


Father William Maqmre is under the doctor's care at Eugenia Hospital 
in Philadelphia. 

Father Eckert was stricken by a heart attack and will be immobilized 
for some time. 

In your charity, please pray that all these may enjoy a speedy recovery. 


Bishop Ackerman's aunt Fr. Connor's father 

Fr. Rossenbach's brother Fr. McNeil's father & brother 

Fr. T. Murphy's brother Fr. McCraley's brother 

Fr. Huber's sister Fr. Figaro's father 

Fr. Diehl's mother Fr. J. Murray's brother 

Fr. Prueher's father Fr. Brown's mother 

Fr. Delaney's sister Fr. O'Grady's father 
The mother of Frs. Joseph and Francis Duffy 

As special benefactors of the Congregation they deserve our prayers. 


Congratulations to Fathers Gross, Joseph Hackett, Hanichek, 
Lemmens, Landy, Manning, and Schreier on a quarter-century of 
devoted service to God and His Church. 


With characteristic thoroughness and energy, 
Father Koren has brought out the third volume of 
this division of D ug u esne _Studi,e s . Timed to appear 
just when we were celebrating our Founder's two 
hundred and fiftieth anniversary, this new work. 
The Spiritual Writings o f Father Claude Poullart des Places,, brings 
to light the regrettably meager documents that are 
available. Sufficient interest has been aroused by 
this publication and by the anniversary observances 
to inspire people outside the Congregation to ask how 
they may help advance Father des Places' cause to- 
ward canonization. A Franciscan monastery in 
New Jersey is requesting prayer-cards to this end. 
Nemo prophets . . . 

Reviews and newspapers all over the world have 
been heaping unstinted praise on the splendid books of 
this series. Cardinal Cushing was so impressed by 
one of them that he ordered a hundred copies for his 
friends. It would be a sad reflection on our spirit if 
outsiders had to lead the way in promoting the 
C ongr egation. 


A practical suggestion: why not offer copies 
of these works to priests, nuns, and others to whom 
you customarily give Christmas gifts in line with 
your work? There is a special Christmas offer: 

The Spiritans . list price $6.50 

A Light to the Gentiles, list price .... $4.75 
Spiritual Writings, list price ........ $5.75 

All three volumes for $12.00; any two volumes for 
$8.00; single volumes, 20% discount; five or more 
(same or different titles), 40% discount. If pay- 
ment accompanies orders, books can be mailed 
anywhere in the USA with your gift card enclosed. 
Address orders directly to: 

Christmas Offer, Department of Publications 

Duquesne University 

Pittsburgh 19, Pennsylvania 


1. Do you wear a cassock in the house and in the 
church ? 

2. Do you wear the Roman collar? 

3. Do you make your meditation every day? 

4. Thanksgiving after Mass? 

5. Do you make the evening visit to the 
Blessed Sacrament? 

6. How often do you go to Confession? 

7. Do you study every day? 

8. Dogmatic and Moral Theology? 

9. Liturgy, ritual and ceremonial? 

These are questions from a diocesan visitation 
form and they are asked of secular pri ests. It is 
sometimes unduly emphasized that our Rules and 
Constitutions do not bind under pain of sin. Does 
Canon Law? That is where these items are pre- 


Father Connors . Provincial Director of Development, has assembled an 
Advisory Council to help promote our interests. It is made up of 
professional figures from the fields of advertising and communica- 

Father Holmes . Director of Rock Castle, is now sporting a Brigadier 
General's stars. 

Father Cun-an. "USA Chaplain, may soon get a six months' administra- 
tive leave to return to community life for that period. 

Father Frederick , pastpr of Carencro, would like very much to build 
a new school for his people. If anybody knows an angel. . . 

Father Paga. pastor of Mansura, has the same idea and the same 

Father Dellert. pastor of Conway, dedicated a beautiful new gymnasium 
last summer. 

Father Anthony Hackett. one of the last of the Southern Pioneers, has 
compiled a historical sketch of the early foundations in the 
South. It will be valuable source material in years to come. 

Father Timothy Muruhy . chairman of the Louisiana Committee for the 
Founder's Anniversary Observance, did a superb job and then had 
to miss the event because of his brother's death. The other 
committee members, especially Father Moran, carried things 
out beautifully in his absence. 

Father Callahan , pastor of Isle Brevelle, has a new project. He is 
building a swimming pool. Though intended for the young 
people of the parish, one suspects it will also serve the still 
vigorous pastor on hot summer days. 

Father Collins, pastor of St. Mark, had a number of distinguished 
visitors during the past few months, chief among -whom was 
Father Grienenberger, District Superior of Haiti and President 
of St. Martial College there. Because Father Grienenberger 
has been exiled by the current Haitian government, his presence 
in the St. Mark rectory attracted swarms of reporters and 


Father Smith, pastor of Opelousas, now has a complete parish plant 
with a splendid new school, both grade and high. 

Father Strmiska . pastor of St. Augustine , Tulsa, did something 
positive about juvenile delinquency. He built and dedicated a 
fine new yoTith center there. 

Father O'Rourke. assistant pastor of St. Mary, Sharpsburg, was 
called back to Rock Castle for a day so that the U. S. Army 
could specially honor him for the work he had done as 
Commandant at St. Emma Academy. 

Father Read, of Duquesne University, learned how popular his religion 
classes are when the students gave him an ovation as he crossed 
the stage at Commencement to receive his Master's diploma. 

Father Morozi , assistant pastor of St. Stanislaus, Pittsburgh, has 

welded ihe local producemen into a highly active Catholic group. 
Their Christmas crib annually attracts widespread notice. 

Father L. Bushinski , of Duquesne University, took an extensive 

study-trip through the Holy Land and other parts of the Near East 
last summer. His travelogue will be appearing in Paraclete. 

Father KmiecinsM. pastor of Emsworth, has organized a wonderful 
unit of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine in his parish. 

Brothers Baldomir and Matthew, of Rock Cattle, attended the NCWC 
Brothers' Conference in Washington. They represented us 
most ably. 

Father Joseph Hackett. pastor of Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament, 
Shreveport, attracted favorable notice by his quick thinking 
when a fire broke out in his school. He simply walked in and 
quietly (with a wink of the eye) suggested that Sister call a 

Father Zehler . pastor of Tarentum, revived the practice of having 
dyed saw-dust carpets for the Corpus Christi procession. His 
parishioners are most enthusiastic about the idea. 


Father Haley , pastor of St. Mary Magdalen, Tuscaloosa, is delving into 
the study of psychology since assuming the chaplaincy at the 
State Mental Hospital along with the mission at Reform, Alabama. 

Father Coffey . Assistant Director of Vocations, has two h;indred 
candidates lined up for vocation workshops at Ann Arbor. 

Father Walsh, Superior at Ann Arbor, saw the new gym through con- 
struction and got a lot for his money. The University of Michigan 
contributed a maple basketball floor. He and other Fathers in 
the Community are organizing a Spiritan Seminary Guild to bring 
support to the institution. 

Father Mulvoy . Newman Club Chaplain at Alabama, is beginning con- 
struction on a much-needed Student Center. 

Father Dolan, pastor of Hemdon, is bracing himself for a major 

development in his parish now that the new airport is coming in. 

Father William Marley . of Rock Castle, has been publishing some nice 
historical vignettes dealing with various figures and aspects of 
the Congregation. Ite omnes et facite similiter. 

Father Noppinger. Vicar General of Moshi, is winning general acclaim 
for the way he has managed the diocese in the interregnum. 

Father Pergl , assistant pastor of Lake Charles, has turned out to be 
quite an electronics engineer. 

Father Pobleschek , chaplain at Cambridge Springs, did some energetic 
fimd-raising among the guests at San Rosario at the time of the 
Pentecost Appeal. Incidentally, nearly everybody is to be con- 
gratulated on that. 

Father David Ray , pastor of Arlington, does an extraordinary job on his 
parish ATlsitation. He keeps very close to his people. 

Father Schllcht . of Duquesne University, scored another enormous 

success with his Annual Folk Festival — a potent deterrent against 
Communism among nationality groups. 


Father Francis Mull in. pastor of Hemet, does something that might well 
be emiiated. Instead of the usual novenas, etc. , he conducts 
weekly devotions to the Holy Ghost in his church. 

Father Stocker . assistant pastor of Alexandria, is still doing yeoman 
work with the group in Detroit that supports Ann Arbor. The new 
gym there is a permanent testimonial to their interest and 

Moshl. As we go to press, there is no news on a successor to 
Bishop Byrne. 

Puerto Rico. Father Eberhardt and his men did a magnificent job on the 
Pentecost Appeal. 

Femdale . The scholastics have overcome their fear of printer's ink. 
It is good to see the younger generation growing articulate. 

Ridqefield . Two novices have left since the beginning of the year. The 
class now numbers thirty-two. It must be remembered, though, 
that this is inflation. The figure represents three classes. 

Comwells . After some attrition, there are forty-three junior 

scholastics left. Of the original seventeen extern students, all 
are still there. 

Ann Arbor. This house has lost none of the fifty-one junior scholastics 
who reported in September. 

Richmond. At the Brothers' Novitiate there are eight postulants. 
Classes are admitted in January arid August. 

Bethel . Scheduled to open next September, Immaculate Heart Seminary 
here is still under construction. The present novices who have 
not finished their college course (baccalaureate) will be its first 

Recollection . Seven young Fathers, between six and ten years ordained, 
returned to Femdale last July for the month of recollection pre- 
scribed by the Constitutions. (The 1950 General Chapter reduced 
the requirement from six months to one. ) Under an able 
retreat-master like Father van de F>utte and a lecture-staff that 
included Fathers Knight, Farrell, and McCaffrey, the four weeks' 
withdrawal from active ministry proved pleasant and profitable to 
the participants. 





March 1960 

Vol. 29 No. 1 


My dear Confreres, 

After a year's study and research. Father Clynes now feels 
ready to embark on a long-range fund-raising program for the Province. 
Of necessity it will be modest and tentative, but it could grow with the 
years into a source of substantial help that would enable us to realize 
such far-off visions as a gym for Femdale, a faculty house for 
Comwells, or a novitiate in the West. 

It can do so only if it has "family endorsement". That is 
axiomatic in fund-raising circles. You can't sell next door what the 
folks at home don't want. 

As members of a provincial family, we are all involved in this 
venture . It is in our power to vote for that gym and that novitiate or to 
relegate them permanently to the house of broken dreams. 

Father Cl3mes is writing to you individually to ask for the 
addresses of your relatives and friends. From pastors he will seek 
lists of parishioners. 

Though I doubt very much if any of us would be prompted to 
reject the request out of selfish meanness or callous indifference to 
the Congregation's welfare, certain misgivings may arise on 
apparently justifiable grounds. Pastors may fear that Washington 
will make inroads on much-needed parochial income; others may 
hesitate to exploit friendships. 

Such uneasiness is best allayed by facing the simple fact that, 
no matter what we do, people are going to give a certain amount to 
charity each year. What they give will not be subtracted from church 
contributions any more than from the liquor budget. For the rest, 
personal friends — if they are really friends — would actually prefer to 
direct their donations our way. They can't, however, unless we make 
it possible for them to do so by presenting our case to them. Hence 
the need for addresses. 

Father Clynes has given his word not to embarrass us by un- 
dignified and insistent begging. Like all of us, he knows that it would 
be short-sighted to offend potential benefactors by cheap and tawdry 
mendicancy. Have no fear; we shall be gentle and genteel. 

Dig up that Christmas list, won't you please ? 

Fraternally yours in Sp. Sto. , 
Vernon F. Gallagher, C.S.Sp. 
Provincial Superior 


Appointme nt s : 

His Excellency, The Most Rev. Joseph Kilasara, C.S.Sp. 
Bishop of Moshi 

Very Rev. Joseph G. Noppinger, Principal Superior 
District of Kilimanjaro 

Father Edward G. Marley, Assistant Pastor and Bursar 
St. Mark the Evangelist, New York 
August 20, 1959 (omitted in last issue) 

Father Joseph F. McDonough, Assistant Pastor 

Holy Ghost, Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, February 3, 1960 

Father Anton Morgenroth, graduate studies, Columbia University 
with residence at St. Mark the Evangelist, New York 

Father Gerhard Grams, Assistant Pastor and Bursar 
St. Theresa, North Tiverton, February 23, 1960 

Father Joseph R. Kletzel, Superior of Immaculate Heart Seminary 
Bethel Park, Pa. , March 8, 1960 (Director to be appointed later) 

Ordinations at Ferndale, March 9 and 10 by 

The Most Rev. Lawrence J. Sheehan, D.D., Bishop of Bridgeport: 

To diaconate and subdiaconate: 
Rev. Mr. Robert Allen 
Rev. Mr. Charles Giambrone 
Rev. Mr. Philip Evanstock 
Rev. Mr. Joseph Cooke 
Rev. Mr. Thomas Tunney 
Rev. Mr. Roger Duffy 

To minor orders: 

Mr. John Weber 

To first tonsure: 

Mr. Joseph Seiter 
Mr. Vincent Stegman 
Mr. Louis Perrault 

Perpetual Vows at Ferndale, March 8, 1960 
Mr. Joseph Cooke 


Annual Retreats: 

Brothers: Femdale, March 13-19, 1960 

Retreat Master, Father Joseph F. Rengers 


Femdale, June 6-10, 1960 
Duquesne, June 13-17, 1960 

Retreat Master, Father E. J. van Croonenburg 

Month of Recollection at Ferndale, July 1- July 30, 1960 


Norman Lord 
Joseph Taminey 
William Crowley 
Edward Bushinski 
Charles Coffey 
Matthew Evanstock 
Edward Hogan 
Daniel Murphy 
Egbert Figaro 
Henry Wehrheim 
Francis MalinowsM 
James Burke 
Joseph Duchene 
Albert McKnlght 
Joseph Healy 
Francis Kichak 
Joseph McDonough 
Charles Read 

Changes of Address: 

Washington, Our Lady of Victory- -the Post Office Box 8668 has 
been eliminated from the address and should not be used. 

Rock Castle, St. Emma — new address is: 

St. Emma Military Academy, Powhatan, Virginia 


Four young Fathers will make their Consecration to the Apostolate 
this year. Six scholastics will be ordained to the priesthood. There is 
one in Second Theology and three have just received First Tonsure. 


Meanwhile, Africa clamors for more and more missionaries to 
meet the current crises of that turbulent continent; Puerto Rico begs 
for additional men to build on the foundations our pioneers have laid so 
well; the Negro missions at home could forge ahead much faster with 
additional priests; parishes in the North are in some instances woe- 
fully undermanned; and schools that would bring us vocations cannot 
be staffed. 

Illness and death will take their toll during the fateful and arid 
period to come. Femdale's output can hardly be expected to do much 
more than replace those who fall by the way. Four years hence we 
could be smaller in numbers than we are now. 

It is time for prayer. 

All members of the Province are hereby directed to say the 
Memorare daily from here on, at a time and place to be specified by 
the superior of each community and residence. 

May God and His Blessed Mother help us. 


Father Deer, who passed away in his sleep on January 7, 1960 

Father Charles Behl's father 
Father James Bradley's mother 
Father John Moran's father 
Father Frank Schillo's father 
Father Edmund Supple's mother 

In the charity of your prayers please remember them. 


Brother Gangolf s Jubilee 

On the Feast of St. Joseph Brother Gangolf celebrated the 
sixtieth anniversary of his profession. The event was marked by a 
Solemn High Mass of Thanksgiving. Father Provincial celebrated 
the Mass, spoke on behalf of the Province in congratulating Brother 
and thanking him for the inspiring example he has set for us all. 

A special observance of the anniversary will be held after 
Easter in Brother Gangolf s own community at Comwells. 



Bishop Ackerman will be one of the co-consecrators of Bishop-elect 
William G. Connare, new Ordinary of the Greensburg Diocese 
and seventh alumnus of Duquesne to be elevated to the episcopacy. 

The Structural Latin Course developed by Doctor Sweet of the 

University of Michigan and put into application by Father Harmon 
at Piidgefield seems to be succeeding. It is geared to practical 
reading demands. The novices are now able to handle three 
hundred questions and answers in Latin per class period. 

Ann Arbor football continues to take its toll on the faculty. 
Father John Gaughan now has his arm in a cast. 

Fifty new extern candidates had applied for admission to Comwells 
even before the attractive half-page ad appeared in the 
Philadelphia Catholic Standard on March 17 . 

The new faculty house and parochial residence at Riverside is a 
splendid structure. Father Kirby deserves great credit for 
getting a lot of building at a bargain. 

The Government has approved Duquesne 's African Institute for a 
grant-in-aid. It looks like some of the scholastics will be 
studying Swahili this summer and getting paid for it. 

With the approval of the Board of Trustees, Father Holmes 
(General Holmes) is embarking on an extensive renovation 
program at Rock Castle. 


Father Taminey gives catechetical instructions in sign language to the 
children of the California School for the Deaf. Father Chiaramonte, 
who began this ministry when he was at Riverside, is now teaching 
the technique to interested scholastics at Femdale. 

Father Schlicht underwent surgery at Mercy Hospital in Pittsburgh and 
is now recuperating nicely. 

Father Joseph Rengers preached the Brothers' retreat at Femdale. 
Both retreatants and retreatmaster found it an inspiring 

Father FitzGerald, founder of St, Theresa parish, North Tiverton, 
Rhode Island blessed his new hall on March 13 . Twelve feet away 
from Massachusetts (where bingo is illegal) this facility would 
appear to have certain possibilities. Father Kerry Keane pur- 
chased the property last year. Incidentally, Father FitzGerald' s 
improving health bears witness to your kind prayers. Keep them 

Father Anthony Bacher returned from Africa last month. Pictures 
of the church he is finishing at Mawella show a structure of 
cathedral-like proportions. He collected most of the funds for 
it and personally directed the work of construction. 

The doctor recommended a few months' experience with a warm 
climate before Father James Burke returns to Africa. Con- 
sequently, he has been temporarily assigned to St. Monica, 
New Orleans. 

Father Coffey has mailed out vocation information kits to six hundred 
schools. This, along with the week-end retreat work that he and 
Father Hannahs have engaged in, should produce some results 
next September. 

Father Collins will represent Duquesne at the inauguration of 
Seton Hall's new presidents 

Father De Dominicis' health has been threatened by disturbing 
symptoms. Your prayers for him are solicited. 


Femdale was re-accredited by Connecticut's State Department of 
Public Instruction for another ten-year period. The report was 
highly commendatory. They thought the student-teacher ratio 
was phenomenal. So do we I 

Father Eckert sustained a heart attack and, since this was the year 
for his regular vacation at home, he is now recuperating bliss- 
fully in the Schwartzwald. 

Father John Kelly came up from a bad fall with two broken vertebrae. 
He is still hospitalized in Parkersburg, West Virginia. 

Father John Janczuk graciously made available the extra space in his 
school for storage of altars and pews for the Bethel chapel. 
These furnishings were donated by St. Raphael's in Pittsburgh. 

Father Knight conducted the annual retreat in Puerto Rico and came 
home looking more hale and hearty than ever. 

Father Schoming has joined the stomach ulcer club. 

Father Alphonse Loogman, Professor of Swahili at Duquesne, has 
been confined to the hospital with a slight paralysis of the leg 
and arm which is, we trust, the temporary effect of an anti-flu 


The Apostolic Delegation for East and West Africa announced in 
Nairobi on Monday, February 1, 1960 that the Holy Father, 
Pope John XXm had nominated The Most Rev. Joseph Kilasara, C.S. Sp. 
Bishop of the diocese of Moshi. 

Bishop-elect Kilasara was bom in 1916, the first of ten children. 
His sister is a Nun in the Congregation of Our Lady of Kilimanjaro. 
There are four teachers in his family. 

His early schooling was done in Kilema Mission and later in 
St. James Minor Seminary. 

He attended the Central School at Singa Chini, receiving his 
leaving certificate in 1931 and his Grade I teacher's certificate in 1932. 

He began his philosophical and theological studies at 
Oiir Lady of the Angels' Seminary, Kibosho in 1935, and was 
ordained to the priesthood on March 4, 1944. 

His first appoiatment was to Kilema Mission on February 2, 1945. 

In 1952 he came to the United States to enter the Novitiate at 
Ridgefield, and made his religious profession on October 10, 1953. 

He was then sent to Rome for further studies in Canon Law at the 
Gregorian University. 

He returned to Tanganyika in August, 1955 and was appointed to 
Rombo Mission. In November of the same year he was named 
rector of Kirua Mission, which post he held until 1959. 

In January, 1959 he became Professor of Canon Law at the 
Major Seminary, Kibosho. 

The prayers and good wishes of the Province go with 
Bishop Kilasara as he begins his new task. 

Vincent de Paul Deer, C.S.Sp. 

Father Vincent de Paul Deer, C.S.Sp. , died peacefully in his 
sleep some time during the early morning of January 7, 1960. It 
was apparent that he had been saying the Rosary; he had just begun 
the Third Glorious Mystery. 

Father Deer was bom in Annunciation Parish on the old 
North Side of Pittsburgh. He finished Duquesne University Prep 
School in 1924 and immediately went to ComweUs Heights. Gifted 
in science and language, he completed two years of coUege work 
in one year, went on to the Novitiate, and then to Femdale where 
he was ordained in 1931. His first assignment sent him to the 
missions in Africa where he eventually became Superintendent of 
Schools. In 1938 he came back to the States for a rest; the follow- 
ing year he returned to Africa and remained there until 1946 when 
he was reassigned to Duquesne University. He taught Philosophy 
and Photography here until the time of his death. 

To his confreres and peers. Father Deer was many things. 
He was a deep thinker, serious, penetrating, logical, and 


analytic. He was a man of strong convictions. He was outspoken. 
He was a firm believer in realism. He detested sham, pretense, 
affectation and devious dealings. He was a problem solver rather 
than a problem seeker. He was orderly, exact and just in his per- 
sonal, professional and educational relationships. He was a man 
who was organized; he tried to bring organization and clarity of 
thinking to his students. He lived for his work in the Congregation. 
He died as he tried to finish an extra recitation of the Rosary. 

There was another side to Father Deer which few of his confreres 
ever saw. The children of St. Paul's Orphanage saw this side. More 
than two dozen of them are wearing overshoes he got for them one 
Christmas. He visited them regularly, took their photographs, told 
them African tales, and gave them courage, attention and affection. 
The little wards of the county Juvenile Court saw this side too, for 
dozens of times he visited them at Sleepy Hollow in South Park, and 
at the detention home . On many a summer evening he drove to 
Sleepy Hollow, rigged up his slide projector on the battery of his car, 
and showed slides on Africa and slides of them. He found homes for 
more than a half dozen. The children on the Bluff around Duquesne 
saw this side of Father Deer for he tutored many of them. He would 
place the child in a comfortable seat at his desk in the outer office, 
with paper, pencil and book. He would lay out the work for the child, 
then return to his own tasks in the laboratory, conversing with the 
child over the intercom system. The little boys he took swimming 
each summer saw this side of Father Deer. They learned how to 
swim at the pool in North Park. On the trip there and back, they 
learned how to live, how to think, how to figure things out, and how 
to get along with their families and with other children. On the 
return trip, he would stop at a half-way station for ice cream. 

Father Deer is buried in the Holy Ghost Fathers' community 
section of the cemetery in Sharpsburg, just outside the city he 
loved, and to whose thousands of people he gave and showed so 
much. His work- record is a challenge to those of us who remain 
to carry on the commission: "Go and teach". 

Francis R. Duffy, C.S.Sp. 

An African's Comment on The Spiritans 

Catholic Mission 

Arusha, Box 109 

Tanganyika Territory 


June 19, 1959 

Dear Father, 

We here in Africa must be excused for our late recording of 
appreciation of an event of monumental importance to the Province. 
We refer to the publication of "The Spiritans". The publication of 
this important work is by now old news to the members of the 
Province at home. But to us here in Africa, due to lack of proper 
communications, distance, and a host of other reasons, 
"The Spiritans" is a recent and exciting experience. It is only 
lately that sufficient copies of "The Spiritans" reached Africa — 
sufficient, that is, for a large number of us to read it. So it is only 
in these latter days, so long after publication, that we "Africans" 
find ourselves reading it avidly, discussing it earnestly, and 
profiting from it immensely. 

With understandable pride we read of the chapter of history 
written by the Holy Ghost Fathers in the African missions, so bold 
and brilliant as to merit Pope Pius XII's reference to us as "one 
of the great missionary Congregations". And with interest as 
quick as life itself, we studied Father Libermann's ideas on 
mission theory, ideas which would certainly rank him well ahead 
not only of his own time, but also of ours, as a teacher of 

(1) It appears certain from "The Spiritans" that Fathers des Places 
and Libermann were imbued with the same spirit. 
Father Libermann wrote in 1848: "The societies have the same 
purpose and work along the same lines. " (p. 97) That spirit, 
bom in des Places and brought to perfection in Libermann, had 
been formed in an unmistakable mould by the time of the latter's 
death. The purpose of the Congregation and its course, from 
its inception until Libermann's death, was unchangeably set. 
And that purpose is written big in one word — MISSIONS. All 
this appears evident to us from a serious reading of the facts 
marshalled in so scholarly a fashion in "The Spiritans". 

(2) That is why we discovered, if not with alarm at least with sincere 
puzzlement, alongside the presentation of these facts and inter- 
woven, the constant insinuation of the author's opinion that there 
was another purpose, if not clearly primary, at least a challenge 
to the primary — that of education. It was at this point that the 
hidden meaning of the attractive duster, or cover-jacket of the 
book, became clear: the primary position of the scholar's cap, 
the missionary symbol in second place, and the priest's biretta, 
alas, in the most lowly place. 

(3) From the time of des Places the abiding interest of every 
Superior General was the priestly vocation. And almost from 
the beginning, the aspect of the priestly vocation whi^h 
interested each of them was that of the missionary to such an 
extent that almost all the members were engaged either in 
training missionaries, or in missionary work themselves. 
Education; yes. But to what extent and in what direction? The 
original intent of des Places was to educate priests for 
abandoned works and the missions. As time went on, many of 
these very priests became Spiritans gradually and naturally 
the process came then to be the Holy Ghost Fathers training 
aspirants to their own Congregation for these same abandoned 
works and the missions. Already under the fourth Superior 
General the Congregation itself undertook to staff a specific 
missionary territory. Already by the time of the seventh 
Superior General there was a plan for the 9va.ngelization of all 
Africa and for incorporating all the priests of the French Colonies 
into the Congregation. But whatever the historical fact at what- 
ever given time, the spirit and direction was always towards 

the missions. 

(4) From the beginning until the death of Libermann there was no 
other tjrpe of educational work, except the senior seminary and 
seminary-college of Meaux and a seminary at Verdun. But it 

is nowhere evident that these works were considered the primary 
work of the Congregation. Rather does the opposite seem true. 
The work, such as the campaign against the Jansenists, always 
seemed to have a temporary and emergency nature about it. 
And as for the seminary- colleges of this period, the precise 
information about these institutions is so sketchily presented by 
the author, that no valid conclusion can be drawn from them. 

(5) So it seems to us that in the period of the history of the 
Congregation from the beginning up until the time of Libermann, 
the main missionary purpose of the Congregation overshadows 


anything else. And if during that period we find other works 
existent, such as seminaries or seminary-colleges or other 
works "in the Homeland", they seem clearly to be either on 
the one hand the evident reproductive apparatus of a missionary 
Congregation, or on the other hand clearly subservient and 
second place to the main missionary tenor of the Congregation. 

(6) And so while we heap unbounded and unstinted praise on the 
author of "The Spiritans", for his momentous and important 
garnering of historical facts, we take exception to what seems 
to be his forced interpretation of these facts. It appears that 
the author had a "thesis", and allowed this to vitiate the 
objectivity of his history. We do not think the author un- 
earthed "another large field of activity" or "plans which 
hitherto have been almost completely neglected". We think 
rather that by certain stresses, arbitrary interpretations, 
and subtle non-sequiturs he is trying to prove a point — that 
education is at least as equally important in our Congregation 
as missionary activity. 

(7) "We have stressed this question. . .to avoid any mis- 
apprehension about Spiritan aims and purposes. A religious 
society can expect the blessings of God only when it knows 
and follows the intentions of its founder. ..." (p. 132) With 
this we agree; with the author's conclusions as to the 
intentions of the founder, we do not. 

(8) The flourishing Provinces of Ireland, Holland and Portugal 
owe their strength today to their tremendous missionary 
output and mission-slanted modus agendi. It would appear 
that only in this way must the American Province too be a 
worthy, contributing, active member of "one of the great 
missionary Congregations". 

(9) We find excuse for our criticism in the following words of 
the book: "No doubt, more than one modem Spiritan will ask 
how all this can be reconciled with the general purpose of 
caring for the most abandoned souls. As far as we know, 
Father Libermann himself has not offered any explanation", 
(pp. 124-5) Nor has Father Keren, we think. 


E, Kelly, C.S.Sp. 


Father Henry Koren's Reply 

Dear E^ditor: 

I am grateful for the opportunity to reply to Father Kelly. 

Let me begin by thanking him for the many nice things he says 
about THE SPIRIT ANS . It is always very gratifying to hear that 
one's opus is not merely adorning a dusty shelf but "avidly read, 
earnestly discussed and immensely profited from. " 

No one, of course will dispute a reader's valid right to 
disagree with an author, to challenge his statements, and to differ 
in the interpretation of facts. In this respect I have no quarrel 
with Father Kelly. On the other hand, his letter fails to convince 
me his interpretation is correct. Let me reply to the main points 
one by one. (For the sake of easy reference I have asked O. P. to 
number the passages of his letter. ) 

(1) The purpose of the Congregation, says Father Kelly, as 
determined by Father des Places and Father Libermann, "is 
written big in one word- -MISSIONS. " I beg to differ: that 
purpose is written big in our Rule (Ch. H, no. 1): ". . .to 
educate members. . .prepared (not just willing) to preach the 
Gospel. . . EVERYWHERE" to the poor and infidels, or, as we 
usually abbreviate it, to care for the most abandoned works. 

If reading THE SPIRTTANS convinces Father Kelly that this 
care was, at least historically speaking, simply identified 
with missions, I suggest that he read also those sections of 
that book which deal with the glorious achievements of the 
Congregation in social works, education, and pastoral care 
in nonmissionary lands. 

(2) Re the jacket which roused Father Kelly's ire because it 
assigned the primary position, he says, to the scholar's cap, 
the second to the missionary's helmet, and the lowliest place, 
alas, to the priest's biretta, I always thought that the center 
was the place of honor — where the helmet is- -followed by 
right of center, and then only left of center where the scholar's 
cap is situated. If I am not mistaken, left of center is the 
place assigned to the goats on judgment day. (Now the 
wearer of scholar's caps wiU be on my neckl ) Joking aside, 
the symbols indicate three overlapping areas in which the 
Congregation has labored: education, missions and pastoral 


work in the broad sense. The position assigned to these symbols 
was inspired by artistic considerations: the black symbols to the 
sides and the white in the center, so as to arrive at a kind of 
symmetry. The arrangement was made by a commercial artist 
who had no ulterior motives. 

(3) Father Kelly then proceeds to set forth his own "unbiased" inter- 
pretation of our histo-ry, marshalling an apparent array of facts. 
Let us devote some attention to his arguments. Almost from the 
very beginning, he says, the Superior Generals were interested 
in training their students for the missions, and he goes on to 
insinuate that missions were practically the only thing they cared 
for. I grant that they were most interested in training missionaries 
if this term is to refer to the "Missionaries of the Holy Ghost", 
as the Congregation of St. Louis de Montfort was then called. In 
the eighteenth century this Congregation received almost two 
thirds of its aspirants from us. But these priests were diocesan 
missionaries and not the kind Father Kelly has in mind. I grant 
also that in the eighteenth century the Congregation was happy to 
foster vocations for the foreign missions. Beyond this, however, 
I cannot agree. 

In 1772, Father Becquet wrote that the seminary had "eight 
hundred priests at work in France, China and the colonies. " In 
that year he had not yet accepted the Guiana and Senegal missions; 
in Acadia the last survivor had died; there were perhaps five in 
the Miquelon Islands, at most a dozen in Canada, and a handful 
in China. How many exactly is not easy to determine, but I 
doubt that the number there surpassed a dozen. The China 
mission was closed to foreigners and had entered into a period 
of alarming decay. The situation was so desperate that the 
Holy See permitted even the ordination of natives who simply 
memorized the Latin Mass without understanding a syllable of 
what they were saying. So let us not think about the China 
Mission in terms of contemporary members. 

By this calculation we arrive at a total figure of about thirty 
missionaries. Thirty out of 800 is less than 4%. What were the 
others doing? They labored in France, as Father des Places' 
biographer puts it, "in the poorest and most abandoned places" 
and he goes on naming these places: "being exiled in the remote 
countryside. , . .buried in the caverns of a hospital, teaching in 
a college, lecturing in a seminary. ..." ( Spiritual Writings of 
Fr. des Places , p. 289). Father Kelly's interpretation 


disregards 96% of the membership when it concludes that "almost 
all members were engaged either in training missionaries or in 
missionary work themselves. " 

Next, he states that the educational process "gradually and 
naturally came to be the training of aspirants to the Congregation" 
rather than secular priests. I beg to differ: there was no ques- 
tion of a natural and gradual process. The change resulted from 
a dictatorial decree formulated by Father Leguay which did not 
survive his disastrous generalate (cf. The Spiritans, p. 62). 

Father Kelly continues by pointing out that already the fourth 
Superior General accepted a specific mission territory. He 
actually accepted three. So what? St. Ignatius personally 
accepted missions for his Jesuits. Does this allow us to con- 
clude that therefore the Society should be interested only in 
missions? (Incidentally, they were uppermost in St. Ignatius' 
mind and among the Jesuits there is a debate similar to ours 1 ) 

By the time of the seventh Superior General, says Father Kelly, 
there was a plan for the evangelization of all Africa. That is a 
big name for a casual remark made by Father Fourdinier. In 
retrospect, this remark is interesting for us, but we can hardly 
attribute to it the historical importance conferred upon it by 
Father Kelly. 

He then concludes his interpretation by saying: "Whatever the 
historical fact at whatever given time, the spirit and direction 
was always toward the missions. " I doubt if he meant to make 
such a sweeping statement involving thousands of people and 
three centuries of history. It would be hard to reconcile that 
statement with the following historical data: 

a. Less than 10% of Holy Ghost Seminary trainees in the 
eighteenth century went to the missions. 

b. Diocesan seminaries were accepted in Verdun, Meaux 
and in Corsica (ibid. , p. 61). 

c. Libermann desired to train German clergy (ibid. , p. 127); 
to undertake social works (ibid. , pp. 126 f . ); to staff 


the interdiocesan seminary of Cincinnati (ibid. , p. 124); 
to accept the chaplaincies of the Navy requiring thirty 
men when his whole potential was only fifty (ibid. , p. 127); 
to have diocesan missionaries (ibid., p. 128). 

d. Father Libermann made a clear-cut distinction between 
priests joining the Congregation for the missions and 
those joining for the homeland (ibid., pp. 130 ff.). 

e. Schwindenhammer founded seventeen colleges, five large 
social works (ibid., pp. 187 f.). Emonet added nine 
colleges and eight social works (ibid., p. 219). Many 

of these did not train aspirants to the Congregation. 

(4) Regarding the seminaries operated by the Congregation before 
Libermann, Father Kelly says that these works were not con- 
sidered the primary works of the Congregation. Let him have 
a look at the old Rule, as it was before Leguay. It literally 
stated that the purpose was " clericos educare" (ibid., p. 123). 
What more can one ask? 

Next, he thinks the information regarding these seminaries is 
so sketchily presented that no valid conclusion can be drawn 
from it. It is hard to please Father Kelly. He first accuses 
me of paying so much attention to non- missionary activities 
that I twist our history into an unnatural pattern, and then that 
I speak too sketchily of them. As anyone knows, the history 
of educational institutions makes for dull reading, and the 
educators themselves share in this lack of glamour. Sufficient 
historical research would have enabled me to add the names of 
the professors, syllabi, building programs, and required text 
books. The result would have been a few dull pages which, 1 
fear, would still have left Father Kelly unconviTiced. 

(5) "From the beginning up till the time of Libermann the main 
missionary purpose overshadows anything else" insists my 
critic. The preceding remarks clearly show that this 
assertion cannot be substantiated. I believe, however, that 
I myself am to blame here, for The Spiritans devotes con- 
siderably more pages to missionary work than to anything 
else. I did not realize that some readers would simply 
dismiss the sections referring to other types of work. 


Father Kelly, however, seems to insinuate here that from 
Libermann's time on the missionary purpose no longer over- 
shadows everything else. This is a curious twist, for one 
would have expected just the opposite. Perhaps Father Kelly 
does not mean until the time of Libermann but until his death. 
I presume that he does not want to accuse Father Libermann 
personally, and will proceed, therefore, on the assumption 
that he really meant his death. That would mean Libermann's 
successors were involved in deviating from the original 
purpose. Yet we see Father Schwindenhammer and his 
contemporaries seriously inquire into the Venerable 's inten- 
tions and only then set the course to be followed. Must we 
assume that they callously disregarded these intentions ? 

Before Libermann, Father Kelly continues, seminaries and 
colleges were merely the "reproductive apparatus of a 
missionary congregation" or at least "subservient" to the 
missions. Since, as we have shown, the pre-Libermann 
congregation was not essentially missionary, but dedicated 
to the education of criests for difficult works anjnvhere, this 
statement fails to stand up to scrutiny. I am willing, however, 
to concede that it holds true for the period of 1814-1848, the 
most dismal period in our history. 

(6) The author, says Father Kelly, has "a thesis" to defend and 
this vitiates his objectivity; to overstresses, interprets 
arbitrarily, uses subtle non-sequiturs etc. If Father Kelly 
disregards the explicitly stated purpose of the Congregation, 
dismisses policy statements from Father Libermann, dis- 
cards our educational endeavors, disclaims our social work 
tradition, and then discerns that we are purely and simply 
missionary, is it not he who has a thesis to defend? 

Let me add that the purpose of THE SPIRITANS was to 
present the history of the Congregation and not what policies 
its Superiors ought to follow. So far as I am concerned, they 
could decide to concentrate the entire resources of the 
Congregation on Latin America, on Russia, on education or 
on Africa without having to change one iota in the formulation 
of our purpose. Our purpose is to take charge of whatever 
is most urgent anywhere in the world. There are dozens of 
Orders which have similar expressions of purpose. It 
becomes a matter of determining concretely what here and 


now is most urgent, considering all circiunstances. In the book 
I described what, concretely speaMng, has been the role of the 
Congregation in the course of history and found it to be a mixture 
of direct and indirect apostolate for the most abandoned souls. 
This mixture has continued with greater or lesser emphasis on 
either one or the other type of apostolate throughout our history 
according as the changing situation seemed to demand. What it 
will be in the future is not my business, but I am willing to trust 
the Superiors because history shows that, broadly speaking, 
they have faithfully adhered to the intentions of our founders. 

Finally, Father Kelly opposes here education and missionary 
activity. This again is a curious kind of contrast. Since 
missionaries carry out Christ's command to "Go and teach, " 
I always thought that education was an important part of their 
work. Moreover, reading Father Libermann's missionary 
doctrine, I find that he devotes considerable attention to a 
masterplan of education. 

Presumably, therefore. Father Kelly means education in the 
homeland or outside the missions. However, if the missionaries 
are supposed to be education- minded in proportion to the level 
of civilization reached by their charges, how is this mentality 
going to be created unless the home bases be education- minded ? 
And how is this mentality going to exist at home if we speak 
disparagingly of anything but work in the bush ? The time is 
past when all one needed was good will and a degree of ordinary 
common sense. 1 believe that even in Father Kelly's mission 
territory a little knowledge of psychology and sociology, in 
addition to a dose of missiology, would come in handy at times. 

(7) I am glad to see that my opponent agrees with me that the 
intentions and policies of our founders have to be respected. 
As to what these intentions and policies were, I suggest that 
he read pp. 119-133 of THE SPIRTTANS, where he will find 
that Father Libermann wanted non- missionary works and what 
policies he laid down regarding their personnel. 

(8) Father Kelly insists and points to the flourishing condition of 
the provinces of Ireland, Portugal and Holland which, he says. 


is due to the fact that they are mission- minded. If I had been 
writing the non-sequitur thesis Father Kelly attributes to me, I 
would have referred to the smallness of the provinces of Belgium, 
England and Switzerland which have only missions. The fact 
that I did not do so, should have given him food for thought. As 
to the examples he himself offers, with respect to Ireland he is 
on danger-ground, for he is speaking about a province operating 
some of the best colleges in the country. Would he say that these 
colleges contributed nothing to the flourishing conditions of that 
province ? A study of the Nigeria missions would probably con- 
vince him that the astonishing successes reached there have 
been notably influenced by the fact that the Irish Spiritans are 
so education-minded. As to Portugal, its condition before the 
revolution of 1910, when it had many colleges and social works, 
was even more flourishing than it is today. And in Holland the 
trend today is downward for purely missionary congregations 
but upward for mixed orders. 

I do not agree, moreover, that the American Province is not a 
"worthy, contributing, active member" of a mission- minded 
congregation. It has 50 men in Tanganyika, 27 in Puerto Rico 
and 75 others in colored missions out of a total of 340 priests, 
which gives it a percentage of 44.7% in missionary work. 

(9) Father Kelly's parting shot implies that our history as it 
actually i_s does not find justification in the intentions of our 
founders. This is a very grave accusation flung into the face 
of the men who guided that history as Superior Generals. It 
assumes that either they deliberately disregarded these in- 
tentions or were not intelligent enough to discover them. 

Yours in the Holy Ghost, 

Henry J. Koren, C.S.Sp.