(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Outline of the history of old St. Paul's church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with an appeal for its preservation, together with articles of agreement, abstract of title, list of rectors, vestrymen, and inscriptions of tombstones and vaults"

cZ, 






itibrarjo of €he trheolojical ^emmarjp 

PRINCETON • NEW JERSEY 
PRESENTED BY 

Yale Divinity School Library 



■3^ 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2009 with funding from 

Princeton Theological Seminary Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/outlineofhistoryOObarr 




OLD ST. PAUL'S CHURCH, 

225 S. THIRD STREET, PHILADELPHIA. 



1760 1898"^ 

OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY 

OF 

OLD ST. PAUL'S CHURCH 

PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA 



WITH AN APPEAL FOR ITS PRESERVA- 
TION, TOGETHER WITH ARTICLES OF 
AGREEMENT, ABSTRACT OF TITLE, LIST 
OF RECTORS, VESTRYMEN, AND INSCRIP- 
TIONS OF TOMBSTONES AND VAULTS. 



MAY 2 1949 



BY 

NORRIS STANLEY BARRATT 

PRESIDENT JUDGE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS, NO. 2, FIRST JUDICIAL 
DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA 



PUBLISHED BY 
THE COLONIAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA 

1917 



Copyright, 1918, by 
NoRRis Stanley Barratt 



PRESS OF 

THE NEW ERA PRINTING COMPANY 

LANCASTtR, PA. 




ILLUSTRATIONS-PLATES. 

Episcopal Church of St. Paul Frontispiece. 

Facing Page 

Main entrance gates of Old St. Paul's 3 

Family vaults in front churchyard, south side 5 

Burial ground rear churchyard 7 

Family vault ' ' William Cummings " 15 

Family vault "Edwin Forrest" 19 

Portrait Colonel Blaithwaite Jones 23 

Christ Church, Second and Market Streets 29 

Font 45 

Font with silver baptismal bowl 47 

Portrait Rev. William Smith, D.D 77 

Portrait Rt. Rev. William White, D.D 104 

Portrait Rev. Joseph Pilmore, D.D 113 

Cathedra 123 

Portrait Rev. Benjamin Allen, Rector 1821-1829 125 

Portrait Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, D.D., Rector 1829-1833 . . 135 
Portrait Rev. Samuel A. McCoskrey, D.D., Rector 1834- 

1836 141 

Portrait Rev. James May, D.D., Rector 1836-1840 143 

Portrait Rev. Richard Newton, D.D., Rector 1840-1862. . 145 

Interior of St. Paul's in 1861 147 

Portrait Richard Alexander 149 

Portrait Rev. Kingston Goddard, D.D., Rector 1862-1866 . 158 

Portrait Rev. R. Heber Newton, D.D., Rector 1866-1868 . . 161 

iii 



mu0ttation0—m^te0. 



Pagb 

Portrait Eev. Eobert T. Koche, D.D., Rector 1869-1872. . 173 

Portrait Rev. Samuel H. Boyer, D.D., Rector 1873-1879 . 175 

Portrait Rev. William Adamson, Rector 1880-1886 176 

Portrait Rev. Thomas K. Conrad, Rector 1886-1893 .... 179 

Portrait Rev. Charles Ellis Stevens, Rector 1893-1894. . . 180 

Portrait Rev. William I. McGarvey, Rector 1897-1898. . . 182 

Portrait William Cummings, 1806-1889 162 

Pulpit and communion set 210 

Plan of vaults and graves — Appendix F 216 

Portrait Cornelius Stevenson 228 

Portrait Captain Norris Stanley 231 

James Alexander 's receipt for pew rent 254 

ILLUSTEATIONS AND FAC-SIMILES IN 

TEXT. 

Arms of the United States of America 3 

Autograph Norris Stanley Barratt 24 

Seal of corporation of St. Paul's Church, 1797 25 

St. Paul's Church lottery ticket, 1761— No. 71 37 

Deed William Cummings family pew No. 15 62 

Title page Rev. Dr. Samuel Magaw's prayer, 1786 107 

Title page Rev. Dr. Samuel Magaw's sermon, 1793 108 

Notice to pay pew rent or forfeit pew, 1819 119 

Title page Rev. Dr. Joseph Pilmore 's sermon, 1786 121 

Richard J. Alexander's receipt for pew rent, 1853 149 

James Alexander's receipt for pew rent, 1773 254 

TABLE OF STATUTES IN TEXT. 

General Laws of Massachusetts, 1640 59 

Laws of Connecticut, 1672 59 

Digest of Ordinances of New England 59 

Act of February 17, 1762, Penna 40 

iv 



'^afile ot €a0t0 in ^nt 



Page 

Act of March 17, 1789, Penna 40 

Act of April 6, 1790, Penna 40 

Act of March 3, 1800, Penna 41 

Act of March 11, 1816, Penna 8 

Act of April 26, 1855, Penna 190 

Act of May 19, 1874, Penna 12 

Act of May 13, 1876, Penna 12 

Act of April 18, 1877, Penna 13 

Act of May 23, 1887, Penna 15-17-189 

TABLE OP CASES IN TEXT. 

Appeal Society of Cincinnati 8 

Campher vs. Paulson 12 

Church vs. "Wells, Executor 63 

Commonwealth vs. Susquehanna Coal Co 5 

Commonwealth vs. St. Mary 's Church 63 

Colbert vs. Kirtly and Shepherd, Va 192 

Congregation Shaari Shomayim vs. Moss 12 

Cooney vs. Laurence 12 

Craig vs. First Presbyterian Church 13 

Episcopal Academy vs. Taylor 101 

First Presbyterian Church vs. Second Presbyterian 

Church 10 

Fox vs. Gordon 12 

Francis Estate 12 

Gampher vs. Woodland Cemetery Co 5 

Harding Estate 12 

Hoppe vs. Cathedral Cemetery 15 

In re German Roman Catholic Holy Trinity Burial 

Ground 18 

In re Stephen Girard 12 

In re Trinity Episcopal Church. 18 

V 



'Ea&Ie of Casfe^ in ^nt 



Page 

Kincaid 's Appeal 10 

Krauczunas vs. Hogan 190 

Laurie vs. Piatt 12 

Louther vs. Methodist Episcopal Church 190 

Mazaika vs. Krauczunas 191 

Memorial Assn., Valley Forge 8-189 

Methodist Cemetery Case 189 

Morris Appeal — City Troop Case 4 

Pawlet vs. Clark 102 

Pearsall vs. Great Northern R.R 9 

Pennsylvania Archives 120 

Pettigrew vs. Pettigrew 12 

Phillips vs. Westminster 191 

Proposed Act of 1917 192 

Quigg vs. Tracy 102 

Scott vs. Reilly 12 

Society for Propagation of Gospel vs. New Haven 10 

State vs. Trinity Church 63 

St. Paul's Church Chestnut Hill 190 

St. John 's Church vs. Hanns 5 

Town of Pawlet vs. Clark 10 

Terrett vs. Taylor 10 

Veto of Governor Martin G. Brumbaugh 192 

Wynkoop vs. Wynkoop 12 

Young's Estate 189 

Zion German Reformed Congregation 189 




APPEAL 




THE IRON ENTRANCE GATE OF THE EPISCOPAL CHURCH OF 
ST. PAUL'S ON THIRD STREET, PHILADELPHIA. 

MADE IN ENGLAND ESPECIALLY FOR THE PURPOSE. ERECTED PRIOR TO THE REVOLUTION 
AND WHICH WAS THE ADMIRATION AND PRIDE OF OUR COLONIAL ANCESTORS. 




AN APPEAL FOR THE PRESERVATION OF 
OLD ST. PAUL'S 



M^/J^ is understood that the Right Reverend 
j[ Philip M. Rhinelander and the Trustees of 

^m I the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Dio- 
M^^^ cese of Pennsylvania are considering the sale 
of the Old Episcopal Church of St. Paul, 
Third Street, below Walnut Street, Philadelphia (now 
used by the Protestant Episcopal City Mission), to- 
Considering Sale gether with the burial ground, vaults and 

of St. Paul's graves, for the purpose of applying the 
proceeds thereof towards building a Diocesan House 
for the City Mission, and other diocesan uplift activi- 
ties, in connection with the contemplated Cathedral 
Church of St. Mary's, to replace the Church of the 
Ascension, now at Broad and South Streets. 

My ancestors ex parte materna were prominent in St. 
Paul's before and after the Revolution. James Alex- 
ander (1726-1795), my great-great-grandfather; Rich- 
ard Alexander (1780-1825), my great-grandfather; 
William Cummings (1806-1889), my grandfather, forty 
years a vestryman; Captain Norris Stanley (1765— 
1851), whose namesake I am, also a vestryman, as well 

3 



^i0tot]l o( &t paurjEl (Episcopal Cgutc]^ 

as other members of my family down to and including 
my mother, Mary Irvine Barratt, were communicants. 
Many of my masonic brethren, members of Lodge No. 2, 
Free and Accepted Masons of Pennsylvania (the 

Revolutionary Mother Lodge of the State), of which I 
Heroes have the honor to be a Past Master, were 
likewise prominent. Colonel Thomas Proctor, Colonel 
Blathwaite Jones, Captain David Hall, John Wood, dis- 
tinguished members of the Grand Lodge as well as offi- 
cers in Washington's forces, also private Blair 
McClenachan of the First Troop City Cavalry,^ George 
Glentworth, the prominent physician and Revolution- 
ary surgeon, are buried in the church-yard. All this 
gives me a deep interest in the question and makes 
me seriously opposed to having this ancient church, with 
its rich Colonial, Revolutionary and Masonic history, 
sold for mere profit and business purposes, and the 
vaults and graves of its honored dead disturbed and 
demolished, particularly when no necessity for such ac- 
tion exists. The City Mission, which now occupies 
the church edifice, is doing much efficient relief work 
among the needy poor, and can continue its beneficent 
labors as effectively here as at Broad and South Streets. 

The right of descendants to protect the graves of 

their ancestors is well settled. The common law im- 

poses the duty of providing sepulture 

of and of carrying to the grave the dead 

Descendants }jo(jy^ decently covered, not only upon 
the heir and next of kin, but upon the person under 

1 For a short history, of the City Troop and letter of Washington com- 
mending it, see Morris Appeal, 68 Pennsylvania State Reports, p. 17, 
Opinion by Justice Sharswood. 

4 



whose roof the death takes place. And these legal 
rights of the next of kin, the Courts of law will recog- 
nize and protect (Com. ex. rel. v. Susquehanna Coal 
Co., 5 Kulp 195; Gampher et al. v. Paulson and the 
Woodland Cemetery Co., 19 Weekly Notes of Cases, p. 
230; St. John's Church v. Harms, 31 Penna. State Re- 
ports, p. 9). 

There are many buried in St. Paul's ground,— the 
rich, the great, the learned, and the wise, as well as the 
poor and the humble— death obliterating all earthly dis- 
tinctions. When their bodies were consigned to their 
graves, *' earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust," 
it was contemplated that they were there to remain 
until tlie trumpet should sound on the resurrection 
morn. Many Philadelphians will be surprised to learn 
that here interred are their great-grandfathers, who, 
having reached their journey's end, sleep peacefully, 
and whose repose should not be disturbed. Among the 
descendants of these now quiet sleepers, here in Phila- 
delphia and widely elsewhere scattered, are scores, who, 
if they knew of the proposed sale, would earnestly en- 
dorse my opposition. 

From vaults, gravestones and burial lists of St. 
Paul's, the following surnames may be gathered: 
Alexander, Allen, Anderson, Armat, Auber, Babb, 

Well Known Barbazett, Barratt, Barker, Barger, 
Philadelphians Bames, Bartram, Bayne, Beatty, Beard, 
Buried jgg^]^^ ggii^ Benson, Beaks, Blair, Biggs, 

Brown, Bridges, Boyd, Bowen, Buckley, Butler, Camp- 
bell, Cameron, Cannon, Carteret, Carson, Caskey, 
Christy, Claypoole, Claxton, Clark, Connelly, Cox, Co- 

5 



K^i^itot^ ot &t paurjef episcopal C§utc| 

hoon, Consort, Copper, Cowell, Craven, Cromwell, Cum- 
mings, Curtis, Cnrrie, Davis, Dawson, De Bray, Desil- 
ver, Dilworth, Donaven, Daughty, Du Plessis, Doughty, 
Drais, Eccles, Edwards, Elmslie, Ellis, Ernes, Erwin, 
Evans, Fannen, Farr, Ferguson, Fenton, Feinour, 
Fleeson, Freburger, Field, Flower, Fitzrandolpli, Fitz- 
gerald, Forrest, Foot, Forder, Fennell, Gartley, Gill, 
Gilligban, Glentworth, Goodwin, Gosner, Guerin, Hal- 
berstadt. Hall, Halt, Harman, Hay ward, Harris, Heyl, 
Hinton, Hicks, Holland, Hood, Hook, Hozey, Hulse- 
kamp, Hyde, Hunt, lann, Irving, Irvine, Jacobson, 
James, Johnston, Johnson, Josiah, Jones, Jordan, 
Keble, Keen, Keller, Kirkliam, Kirk, Lake, Lane, Las- 
key, Ledlie, Leech, Leamy, Loper, Lowry, Lougeay, Mat- 
thews, Masden, Marsden, Marple, Marshall, Manning, 
Marsh, Meer, Miller, Mitchell, Mory, Moyes, Morrison, 
Moore, Molier, Moffet, Moyston, Myers, Murdick, Mus- 
kett, McClenachan, McKay, McGlathery, McPherson, 
Macpherson, Nally, Neaill, Nelson, Neilson, Neave, 
Neill, Nichols, Norman, North, Oliphant, Parker, 
Pechin, Palmer, Pilmore, Patton, Phillip, Pritchard, 
Potter, Powers, Price, Procter, Rankin, Roberdeau, Ra- 
worth, Randolph, Read, Redner, Renshaw, Reynolds, 
Richards, Richardet, Rimer, Rivelly, Robinson, Robinett, 
Ross,Rinedollar, Robbins, Rose, Row, Rowley, Rushton, 
Ryerson, Sadler, Seaborn, Seyfert, Shade, Shaffner, 
Shinkle, Smith, Simpson, Spooner, Stewart, Skerret, 
Snyder, Spence, Spain, Spillard, Sperry, Stanley, 
Stotesbury, Stevenson, Stokes, Stiles, Swain, Stuart, 
Tallman, Thackara, Thomson, Toland, Thompson, 
Town, Turner, Vallance, Vanderhalt, Voigt, Wallace, 

6 




u. 




O 




cc 




< 




lU 




a: 




UJ 




I 




1- 




z 




> 

-J 


f^ 


UJ 


m 


1- 




< 




a 


> 


UJ 


cc 


? 


< 


^ 


z 




< 


U) 


—> 


CO 




s 


> 


o 


< 


H 


Q 


o 


6 


z 


H 


«»• 






1- 


CO 


co 


Ul 

> 

< 


X 

UJ 


cc 
o 


> 

UJ 


III 


I 


I 


h- 


H 


co 


u. 


< 


O 


I 


UJ 

O 

CO 


o 

cc 

I 

o 


7 


CO 




_l 


^ 


3 


o 

I 


< 
Q. 


en 


. 




1- 


O 


co 


cc 




< 




> 




I 




o 




cc 




z> 




I 




o 




UJ 




I 




1- 





mtll Bnoton Pl^tlatidpliianisi 15ntith 

Watkins, Webb, Wharton, Wbeaton, Wiltberger, Wig- 
more, Wilson, Wood, Wright, Yorke, Young. 

There are doubtless omissions from this list. Grave- 
stones here and there cannot now be deciphered ; some 
removals to Mt. Moriah and other burial grounds in 
Philadelphia were effected in 1855, while many, promi- 
nently identified with the parish, were originally else- 
where interred. Among the latter may be noted: 
Jay Cooke, Lewis H. Redner, J. D. George, Henry 
George, John P. Bankson, William Weightman, Joseph 
B. Van Dusen, Thomas Latimer, George C. Thomas, 
Charles B. Durborow, John W. Thomas, Richard G. 
Stotesbury, Henry M. Kimmey, Eleazer Fenton, James 
Farr, and Dr. Charles E. Cadwalader. 

We all cherish a reverence for antiquity and believe 
in the preservation of those things and places which 
make our history. A few years ago no one in the Dio- 
Preservation of ^^^e would have been brave enough to 
Memorials of the have Suggested that historic old St. 
Past Paul's should be sold for any purpose 

whatsoever. If the spirit and policy of the threatened 
movement continue unchecked, and this generation sells 
St. Paul's, there is no precedent to deter the next gen- 
eration, which may have even less reverence for Co- 
lonial affairs and the Revolution, selling both Christ 
Church and St. Peter's, if the money be needed, to con- 
tinue, under a new application of the Cy Pres doctrine, 
some activities which may then be a part of church 
work and now undreamt of. 

To show that this is within the range of possibility, 
it is only necessary to give two prominent instances in 

7 



^i0tot)f ot &t paurjst episcopal Cj^utc]^ 

which buildings of great historic interest escaped de- 
struction. The State of Pennsylvania, by the act of 
March 11, 1816, P. L. 109,^ authorized the sale for 
$150,000 of the State House, the State House Yard, the 
Liberty Bell and the clock. The land was valuable, the 

Liberty Bell building was regarded as old material, 

State House and the Liberty Bell and the Clock as 
Clock junk. This caused the late Chief Jus- 

tice James T. Mitchell to remark, in delivering the opin- 
ion of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania in the appeal 
of the Society of the Cincinnati, in 1893 (154 Penna. 
State Eeports, page 621), that, ''it was a sad illustra- 
tion of the want of reverence for historical and patriotic 
associations in our people at that time." The citizens 
of Philadelphia, to their credit let it be said, bought the 
shrine of American liberty and saved it from destruc- 
tion and desecration, so that the square should remain 
to the people as a public green and walk forever. 

The other instance was in 1878, when it was seriously 
proposed to sell, to a brewery, Washington's Headquar- 
ters at Valley Forge, with three acres of surrounding 

Washington's ground. This historic shrine was only 
Headquarters at savcd for posterity and from dese- 

Vaiiey Forge cration by a society which then alone 
seemed alive to the situation, a fraternal organization, 
the Patriotic Order Sons of America, which deserves 
great credit for the prompt and effective measures with 
which the emergency was met.^ 

2 See letter of Eobert Wharton to Thomas Kittera, Feb. 3, 1816, Pa. 
Mag. of Hist, and Biog., Vol. XL, p. 316. 

3 Memorial Association Valley Forge, 235, Pa. St. Eep., 206, 1912. 

8 



msL0^ineton*^ ^eabquartetiS at l^alleg jFotgc 

In this connection, the fact that the majority of the 
citizens of Philadelphia care very little for Christ 
Church, St. Peter's, or St. Paul's, must not be over- 
looked. We can repeat the warning of that well-known 
lawyer, the late John Hill Martin, Esq., who, in 1877, 
remarked of St. Paul's Church, Chester, Penna.: 
** Apart from the mere matter of feeling, our ancestors 
bought of the church the right of burial, and such a 
right was sold, knowing it was to exist for all time. 
And whatever may be the rights of the 

^^^^Deaa *^^ present congregation, the dead and their 

descendants have rights which cannot be 

successfully resisted. I trust the day will never come 

when the congregation to save their purses will sell the 

bones of their ancestors." 

If this becomes our church policy, those of us who 
disapprove of it can only mourn and say : 

" They all are passing from the land, 
Those churches old and gray; 
In which our forefathers used to stand, 
In years gone by, to pray." 

In passing, it might be added that Mr. Justice Brown 
of the Supreme Court of the United States, in deliver- 
ing the opinion of that Court in the case of Pearsall v. 
Great Northern E. R. Co. (161 U. S. Rep. 646, 1895, 
page 661), said: ''Even before the Dartmouth College 
case was decided, it was held by this Court that grants 

Grants of the ^^ IsLJid made by the Crown to colonial 

Crown to Colonial churches were irrevocable, and that 

Churches property purchased or devised to them, 

prior to the adoption of the Constitution, could not be 

9 



^imot^ ot &t ^siuV0 (Episcopal €^\iu^ 

devoted to other purposes by the states which succeeded 
to the sovereign powers of the colonies" (Terrett v. 
Taylor, 9 Cranch 43; Town of Pawlett v. Clark, 9 
Cranch, 292 ; Society for the Propagation of the Gospel 
V. New Haven, 8 Wheaton, 464). President Judge 
Joseph Allison of Philadelphia, in March, 1867, in the 
case of First Presbyterian Church v. Second Presby- 
terian Church (Brewster's Rep., Vol. 11, p. 374), held 
that the removal of the remains of persons interred in 
a burial ground, without the consent of their families, 
may be enjoined at the suit of such families as have 
the right to inter in said ground. 

The law as summed up by Judge Sharswood in Kin- 
caid's Appeal, 66 Pa. State Reports, page 411, is: 

1. The certificate to purchasers of lots ''in the bury- 
ing-ground of the church" was *'to have and to hold 
Judge Sharswood's^l^^ ^^^^ l^^s for the use and purpose, 

Opinion in re and subject to the conditions and regula- 
Lot-hoiders tions mentioned in the deed of trust to 
the trustees of said church." This was not evidence 
of a grant of any interest in the soil. 

2. The certificate was the grant of a license or privi- 
lege to make interments in the lots described, exclusive 
of others, so long as the ground should remain the 
*'burying-ground of the church." 

3. Whenever by lawful authority the ground should 
cease to be a burying-ground, the lot-holder's right and 
property ceased. 

4. When it became necessary to vacate the ground 
for burial, all the lot-holder could claim, was to have 
notice and an opportunity of removing the bodies and 

10 



'Mutst &^at0\sioori*si i3Dpinion 



monuments; on his failure to do so they could be re- 
moved by others. 

5. The lot-holder accepted the grant on this condition. 

6. The grant of a pew in perpetuity does not give an 
absolute right as the grant of land in fee. 

7. The pew-owner takes only a usufructuary right. 

8. If the building be destroyed by casualty the pew- 
owner's right is gone. 

9. If the church has to be rebuilt on the same or a 
different location the pew- owner has no claim. 

10. The disinterment of a body is a misdemeanor at 
common law. 

11. The power of disinterment is a police power and 
can be delegated by the legislature to municipalities. 

12. Every right from an absolute ownership to an 
easement is held subject to the restriction that it shall 
so be exercised as not to injure others. 

13. Every purchaser is bound to know that, although 
at the time of his purchase the exercise of his right may 
be inoffensive, it may become otherwise by residence of 
many others in the vicinity and must yield to laws for 
suppressing nuisances. 

14. The owner of a burial lot in which no interment 
has been made, loses the use of his lot by a law prohibit- 
ing interments there, and is not entitled to compensa- 
tion. 

15. In such case his property has not been taken for 
public use. 

16. The state has the right to regulate the use of all 
property for the public good. 

17. Where one covenants not to do a lawful thing 

11 



^i&tot^ ot fe»t. ^anV0 Cpisicopal €Wtc'^ 

and the legislature afterwards compels him to do it, the 
law repeals the covenant. 

This case is also reported in 4 American Law Times, 
128. Also, see as to burial and removal of bodies: 
In re Stephen Girard, 5 Clark (Phila.) 68 (1860) King, 

Other Legal J.; Wynkoop V. Wynkoop, 42 Penna. 
Opinions St. Rep. 293 (1862) Read, J.; Lourie v. 
Piatt, 11 Phila. 303 (1876) Finletter, J.; Francis Es- 
tate, 75 Penna. State Rep. 225 (1874) Murcur, J. ; Scott 
V. Reilly, 16 Phila. Rep., p. 106 (1883) Finletter, J.; 
Fox V. Gordon, 16 Phila. Rep., p. 185 (1883) Thayer, P. 
J.; Campher v. Poulson, 19 Phila. Rep., p. 234 (1887), 
Biddle, J. ; Cooney v. Laurence, 11 Pa. County Court, 
p. 79 (1891) Per Curiam; Comth. v. Susquehanna Coal 
Co., 6 Lane. Law Review, p. 107 (1889), Rice, P. J.; 
Harding's Estate, 21 Pa. County Ct., p. 641 (1898), 
Ferguson, J.; Congregation ShaaraiShomayimi;. Moss, 
22 Penna. Supr. Ct. p. 356 (1903), W. D. Porter, J.; 
Pettigrew v. Pettigrew, 207 Pa. St. Rep. 313 (1904), 
Mitchell, C. J. These cases are interesting as indicat- 
ing how the courts have viewed the questions involved. 

Bearing on this subject, the legislature of Pennsyl- 
vania passed several acts, viz.: (1) Act May 19, 1874 
(P. L. 208), authorizing the Court of Quarter Sessions 
Acts of Assembly ^^ make such orders and decrees for the 
in re regulation and care of burial grounds 

Bunai Grounds ^j^en any such burial ground shall be- 
come so neglected as in the opinion of said court to 
become a public nuisance, the Court may direct the re- 
moval of the dead therefrom to some other properly 
regulated burying ground. (2) The Act May 13, 1876 

12 



Sitt^ ot Si00tmb\if in te Burial <3toiinrj0 

(P. L. 159), and (3) the Act April 18, 1877 (P. L. 54), 
were further supplements changing the title of the act 
of 1874, and extending the power of the Court to cases 
to order removal where interments have ceased and 
such remains interfere with religious buildings or 
trusts. 

These acts were passed upon by the Supreme Court 
in Craig v. First Presbyterian Church of Pittsburgh, 
88 Pa. St. Rep., p. 42, and sustained by that Court, Jan- 
uary 6, 1879, in an opinion by Mr. Justice Paxson. 

Chief Justice Daniel Agnew entertained strong views 
upon the sacredness of burial grounds, as may be gath- 
ered from the following taken from his vigorous dis- 
sent: 

''I cannot assent to the decision in this case," said 
Judge Agnew. ''In my judgment, it offends against 
natural feeling and constitutional law. I grant the 

Judge Agnew's ^^^^* °^ ^^^ ^^^^^' i^ *^® exercise of her 

Opinion on the police power to regulate graveyards for 

Sacredness of the public good, and to remove decaying 

Burial Giounds • x! ti^ j.* i> j.i 

remams tor the preservation of the 

health of the citizens. I grant her right of removal by 
way of eminent domain when a great public interest 
requires it, but in compensation to those who have ac- 
quired a right of sepulture by contract. Yet even in 
this respect the State has shown her sense of propriety 
and right in the General Railroad Law of 1849, Sec. 10, 
by excepting burial places from the powers of a com- 
pany to appropriate lands, but I deny the right of re- 
moval for individual or private interest, whether it be 
for building a lecture-room for a church congregation 
or a Sabbath school room. Its purpose is to save 
money by taking ground appropriated for the dead. A 

13 



religious congregation is a private body, and its inter- 
ests are individual, not public. Thus to coin money 
out of the bones of the dead, is to violate a purchaser's 
right of sepulture, contrary to the instincts of the race 
and the keenest sensibilities of the heart. 

*' Among all tribes and nations, savage and civilized, 
the resting places of the dead are regarded as sacred. 
There memory loves to linger and plant the choicest 
flowers ; there the sorrowing heart renews the past, re- 
kindles into life the viewless forms of the dead, revives 
the scenes where once they moved, and recalls the 
happy hours of love and friendship. There parent and 
child, husband and wife, relatives and friends, with 
broken spirits and crushed hopes, revisit often the spot 
where they deposited their dead. Who does not feel 
the fountains of his heart broken up and the warm 
gushing of emotion, when standing over the green sod 
which covers the departed; 'Wherever the simple stone 
is placed, or the marble monument is reared, spontane- 
ous thought inscribes upon it' 'sacred to the memory.' 

''This sacredness is evidenced by one of the most 
touching incidents of Scripture. When Abraham stand- 
ing by the dead body of Sarah, addressed the Sons of 
Heth, saying, 'I am a stranger and sojourner with you, 
give me a possession of a burying place with you, that 
I may bury my dead out of my sight : ' they offered him 
a choice of their sepultures ; but Abraham intent upon 
a possession of his own, where the remains of her he 
had loved might repose in security, purchased the field 
of Machpelah of Ephron, the Hittite, for four hundred 
shekels of silver. Even more touching is the reference 
to Jacob, who dying in Egypt surrounded by his chil- 
dren, charged them and said unto them 'I am to be 
gathered unto my people, bury me with my fathers in 
the cave that is in the field of Machpelah. There they 

14 




FAMILY VAULT WILLIAM CUMMINGS, 1917. 



SLtcW^^op ^tentins!i&V0 Sipptsd 



buried Abraham and Sarab, bis wife, tbere tbey buried 
Isaac and Rebecca, bis wife, and tbere I buried Leab.' 
Tradition has preserved to tbis day, tbe identity of tbe 
cave and tbe tombs of tbose ancient worthies, undis- 
turbed even by tbe Moslem, wbose mosque covers and 
protects tbeir resting places. ' ' 

Tbe latest act is tbat of May 23, 1887 (P. L. 168), 
wbicb I will refer to later. 

His Grace Arcbbisbop Edmond F. Prendergast of 

tbe Roman Catholic Church of Philadelphia, in 1915, 

Archbishop ^^^ Sustained by the Court in refusing 

Prendergast's to permit the body of one Mary K. 
Appeal Hoppe, twenty-one years after burial, to 
be removed from the Cathedral Cemetery to Laurel 
Hill upon tbe application of her husband and children, 
stating ' ' It is my duty to guard the repose of the dead 
who are buried in the Catholic Cemeteries of the dio- 
cese of which I am the bead" (Hoppe v. Cathedral 
Cemetery et al., 24 Penna. Dist. rep., 344). Why 
should not the Episcopal Church be equally vigilant in 
guarding the repose of her dead? 

In July, 1904, it was proposed to sell the Old Pine 
Street Presbyterian Church and burial ground, Fourth 

Proposed Sale ^nd Pine Streets.* Their patriotic 
Prevented of Old pastor, the late Rev. Dr. Hughes 0. 

Pine Street . 

Presbyterian Gibbons, earnestly objected to the prop- 
Church osition and prevented its consummation. 
What he said in protest is equally true of St. Paul's. 
I quote a few sentences from his sermon. 

4 Captain Charles Boss, Seventh Captain, First Troop Philadelphia City 
Cavalry, 1772-1817, is here buried. The City Troop, in 1818, erected 
over his grave a monument of white marble surmounted by a bronze 
trophy of arms. 25 



l^i^toti^ ot &t paurjEi episcopal Cj^utc^ 

''Many are buried here whose names are written in 
the early history and development of our nation and 
who laid down their lives in the memorable struggle 
that our land might be free. 

''Desecration of these dead would be the worse by 
reason of the fact that the great majority of the bones 
are those of members of the church, among them those 
who stood high in the counsels of that church and la- 
bored hard for its growth and development. 

"One physician has declared that the bones of the 
dead have been in the ground so long that they must 
have become dust. Under such circumstances any at- 
tempt to remove the bodies would result in the most 
disgraceful desecration and it would be impossible to 
preserv^e their identity." 

Passing the question of St. Paul's family, church, and 
historic relations, which to some may seem sentimental, 
and viewing the proposed sale solely in the cold, com- 

Poor Business mercial aspect of dollars and cents. 
Proposition it will not, as a mere business propo- 
sition, produce the sum of money, which those who ad- 
vocate it claim. Either they have not studied the sub- 
ject, or, having studied, have not understood. "An un- 
wise man doth not well consider this : and a fool doth 
not understand it," says the psalmist.^ They expect 
to realize from $50,000 to $60,000, and let it be admitted 
for the present purpose that this amount represents 
the fair market value. To buy the necessary ground 
in Laurel Hill Cemetery, or a cemetery of like charac- 
ter, and separately exhume the bodies, recofifin, remove 
and reinter them, including the removal of tablets, 

6 Psalm 92 : 6. 

16 



Sict0 ot agijSemftIp ajsf to Wit-intttmtnt 

gravestones and vaults, and make provision for their 
perpetual care and maintenance, would require an ex- 
penditure of from forty to fifty thousand dollars, henct; 
there would be little balance, if any, for the projectea 
diocesan home of the City Mission. Judged commer- 
mercially, therefore, it is not a pajring proposition. I, 
of course, assume that the Tmstees do not contemplate 
merely plowing up the ground and arranging with some 
general contractor, the lowest bidder, to remove such 
bones as he may be able to recover, and reinter them 
in some cemetery organized for corporate profit, the 
trustees of which would accept them in bulk and charge 
accordingly, even though this were the sole method of 
obtaining the best financial results from the sale. 

The act of Assembly approved by the Governor, May 

23, 1887 (P. L. 168), expressly provides that each body 

to be removed shall be separately reinterred in some 

Act of Assembly Suitable burial ground and each grave 

as to to be marked by headstones, et cetera. 

Re-interment rpj^jg ^^^ confers jurisdiction upon the 

Court of Common Pleas to order removals, after final 
hearing of all parties in interest, but it also expressly 
provides, ''That no such petition shall be granted ex- 
cept upon condition set forth in the decree requiring 
the petitioners to purchase the rights of all lot-holders 
in such burial grounds, and to secure the consent in 
writing of the near relatives of decedents whenever 
such relatives shall appear as parties to such proceed- 
ings. And provided further, That any party in inter- 
est may appeal from the decree of such Court within 

3 17 



thirty days." These provisions show how careful and 
tender is the law in safeguarding the burial places of 
the dead.^ 

In the case of St. Paul's, our ancestors not only 
bought the graves, but paid forty dollars to the church 
for the privilege of erecting a gravestone 6 feet by 3 
feet, and two and a half dollars extra for every square 
foot of ground, besides an additional sum for a vault. 
The church corporation in Article V of the By-laws 
agreed : 

*' Every Vault, sunk and built by a member of this 
Church, shall be a sacred depository for the deceased 
remains of the family of such member, and the de- 

Eveiy Vault scendants of such family forever, on 
a Sacred their complying with the rules and regu- 
Depository lations laid by the Vestry of said Church 
from time to time ; provided always, that such regula- 
tions do not infringe the rights established for the bene- 
fit of the regular and sitting members in said Church 
(burying in such vaults or elsewhere) nor the descend- 
ant or descendants of such members holding a vault, 
notwithstanding the said descendant or descendants 
may not be members of the said church, they shall be 
entitled to the same privileges as if they were actually 
members so long as the said Family Vault can admit 
interments. It is to be understood that the aforesaid 
privilege shall not be so construed as to extend to any 

« In re German Roman Catholic Holy Trinity Burial ground, Passyunk 
Ave. and Washington Ave., Philadelphia, Quarter Sessions, Philadelphia, 
Decree January 18, 1906, John M. Campbell, Esq., Atty. in re Trinity 
Episcopal Church, in the district of Southwark, Philadelphia, see report 
of Edward S. Sayres, Esq., Master, and Decree Quarter Sessions, Phila- 
delphia, May 8, 1913. 

18 




FAMILY VAULT OF EDWIN FORREST, 1917. 



IBlequeiSt foe ^i^totif ot C|utc5 



but such as may be the actual descendants of the 
Family, by which the Vault was built." 

The contract therefore is that ' 'Every Vault, sunk and 
built by a member of this church, shall be a sacred de- 
pository for the deceased remains of the family of such 
member, and the descendants of such family forever.'' 

This is plain and easily understood. And the act of 
1887, just quoted, requires the Trustees of the Diocese, 
should they ask the Court of Common Pleas to order 
the removal of those buried in St. Paul's, to purchase 
the rights of all lot-holders, and to secure the consent 
in writing of the near relatives before each body is re- 
moved, which must be separately reinterred, and each 
grave marked by headstones. 

During the agitation and discussion which this entire 
subject has engendered, several gentlemen, representa- 
tives of families prominent in Pennsylvania and for- 

Request for merly of St. Paul's Congregation, have 
History of Church requested me to prepare a brief history 
of the parish, to put into print some memorial of its 
useful past, for the information of those who are con- 
sidering what best to do for its preservation in the 
present crisis. 

The tide has ebbed and, like many a goodly ship who 
has nobly done her part at sea, has left Old St. Paul's 
on the shore. Other men and other times are here, a 

Ebb of the new generation, who, unmindful, perhaps 
Tide ignorant or forgetful of her great past 

in their Church History, now seriously propose to coin 
money by her sale and demolition. 

19 



The Holy Eoman Catholic Church from the earliest 
times has been awake to the fact that those relics, places 
and buildings which make her history, especially old 
Consecrated churches and cathedrals, are among her 
Places City's greatest assets. This is so, even after 
Greatest Asset they are in ruins and nothing remains 
except a few columns and pilasters, or perhaps, a 
chancel, nave or part of the choir, to indicate the site 
of the original building. These relics are prized, and 
the places visited yearly by innumerable thousands 
of pious pilgrims from all over the world, as was Can- 
terbury after Archbishop Becket's death, who regard 
them with profound veneration and respect. They are 
consecrated places and nothing would tempt the Roman 
Catholic Church to sell them. 

This was originally our church policy, and why aban- 
don it now? Let us not destroy St. Paul's, one of our 
historic assets, and have posterity regard us as vandals, 
or, more mortifying still, as without historic sense or rev- 
erence, as merely a commercial people of small breadth 
of view who possessed good intentions, without knowl- 
edge. Let posterity see that we have all the reverence 
felt in the old world for the dead and their burial places. 
General tentative suggestions as to the proper dis- 
position of St. Paul's have been made: 

1. That the church building be restored as it was in 
colonial days with high pews and used as it is to-day for 

Tentative occasional services, since there are not 
Suggestions enough people to make a congregation. 

2. That the building remain as it is and be made a 
museum, similar to the Old South Church on Washing- 

20 



SDebt to &t. ^mV0 2Deati 



ton street, in Boston, Massachusetts, services being 
held as at present. 

3. Adding to tlie first suggestion, such necessary- 
changes as would make the front and sides usable as 
a recreation center, an open breathing place for the 
people of the neighborhood, as has been done in sev- 
eral instances with old churches in London. This 
would necessitate placing the tombstones and tablets 
against the walls of the adjoining buildings, and per- 
haps turning the building, ground and graves over to 
the city of Philadelphia in trust, if it would accept and 
maintain it for this purpose. 

All these plans would require the expenditure of 
some money. The first plan is, seemingly, the best, if 
a sufficient number of people are interested to raise the 
money. A moderate sum of money in trust, would in- 
sure for all time the preservation of this historic church, 
and the repose of its heroic dead who helped secure our 
liberty and make us a nation. 

To these men, and their associates, we owe our com- 
mon country, that we are one people, one nation, one 
Debt to St. Paul's power. To them we owe our flag and 
Dead all that it typifies of freedom civil 

and religious— 

" The Star-Spangled Banner, 
Oh long may it wave, 
O'er the land of the free and the 
Home of the brave." 

These men deserve well of posterity, and I cannot 
conceive that, the patriotic citizens of Pennsylvania,, 
The Colonial Society of Pennsylvania, The Pennsyl- 

21 



vania Society of the Cincinnati, of which some were 
members, The Society of Colonial "Wars in Pennsyl- 
vania, The Societies of Colonial Dames in Pennsyl- 
Patriotic Societies vania, The Pennsylvania Society Sons 

Based on Services ^ ^^^ Revolution, The Patriotic Order 
of St. Paul's ' 

Dead Sons of America, whose very existence, 

as organizations, is based upon the services to our Com- 
monwealth and Country of men like Col. Thomas Proc- 
tor,^ General Walter Stewart, Col. Blathwaite Jones, 
Captain Gibbs Jones, Capt. John Maepherson,^ Briga- 

7 Thomas Proctor, born in Ireland in 1739, accompanied his father, 
Francis Proctor, to Philadelphia. He was elected a member of Car- 
penter's Company in 1772 and was instrumental in obtaining the use of 
Carpenter 's Hall for the meetings of the Continental Congress. In 1775, 
he was commissioned Captain of an artillery company, which command 
was raised to a battalion the following year, and he appointed its 
major. He was commissioned colonel in 1777, with instructions to raise 
an entire regiment of artillery. This regiment, under Wayne at Brandy- 
wine, was engaged in the artillery duel at Chad's Ford, where Colonel 
Proctor 's horse was shot under him. It became part of the Continental 
rarmy in 1778, and he received his commission as colonel of artillery, 
May 8, 1779, and marched to Wyoming. By commission of Congress, 
lie served as Major of Artillery from December 25, 1782, until October 
22, 1783; Major of the Artillery battalion of "Militia of the City and 
liiberties of Philadelphia" from May 12, 1792, until April 12, 1793, 
when he was promoted Brigadier General. At the outbreak of the 
Whiskey Insurrection, in command of the first brigade, he marched 
against the insurgents August 7, 1794. He became Major General of the 
Philadelphia militia June 7, 1796, and when war threatened with France, 
he assured Governor Mifflin of his cordial support in the event of hos- 
tilities. He filled the office of High Sheriff from October 20, 1783, to 
October 14, 1785, and, as City Lieutenant of Philadelphia, superintended 
the celebration of the arrival of General Washington, November 23, 1790. 
A founder of the Sons of Saint Tammany of Philadelphia, he was also 
an original member of the Pennsylvania State Society of the Cincinnati. 
He died at his residence in Philadelphia, Arch Street, between Fourth 
and Fifth, March 16, 1806, and was buried with military honors in St. 
Paul's ground. Thus closed the earthly career of one of the most 
brilliant artillerists of the Eevolution. May he rest in peace. 

8 For account of Capt. John Macpherson, see Thompson Westcott's 
"Historic Mansions and Buildings of Philadelphia," pp. 212 et seq. 




COL. BLAITHWAITE JONES. 

BORN JUNE, 1726; DIED AUGUST, 1789. 



CHIEF ENGINEER AT BILLIN8P0RT, 1777, 
UNDER GENERAL WASHINGTON. 



^attiotit fbotittie0 



dier Genl. William Macpherson,® and others buried in 
the churchyard; or The Historical and Genealogical So- 
cieties of Pennsylvania, which cherish and preserve 
their memories and deeds; or The First Troop Phila- 
delphia City Cavalry, the Masonic Lodges, Nos. 2, 
3, and Lodge, No. 19, to which many of them be- 
longed, as well as the Grand Lodge Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons of Pennsylvania, of which Thomas 
Proctor, Blathwaite Jones,^^ Gibbs, Jones,!^ David Hall, 
John Wood, Dr. George Glentworth and others were 
officers and distinguished members, will permit the sale 
and destruction of this shrine and the removal of the 
historic dead without protest and active opposition. 
Duty of the The duty of these Societies and of patri- 
Diocese otic citizens of Pennsylvania generally, 
especially members of the Episcopal Church, is to pre- 

9 See sketch of Brigadier General William Macpherson and some of 
his descendants, in * ' Descendants of Joran Kyn, ' ' by Gregory B. Keen, 
LL.B., pp. 149 et seq. 

10 Blathwaite Jones, son of Gibbs and Jane (Crapp) Jones, baptized 
at Christ Church, July 21, 1726; died at Philadelphia shortly before 
August 10, 1789. His paternal grandfather, John Jones, was a member 
of Philadelphia Common Council 1691, alderman 1701 and one of the 
justices of the County Courts. In early life Blathwaite Jones followed 
the sea and was a member of the Masonic fraternity, Lodge No. 2 of 
Pennsylvania. At the outbreak of the Revolution he espoused the 
American cause and was a member of the Philadelphia Committee of 
Safety and of the Provincial Convention of January 23, 1775. When. 
Congress ordered the construction of fortifications at Billingsport for 
the defence of Philadelphia, he was, on February 15, 1777, appointed 
Chief Engineer of Construction, with rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. It 
was here that he obstructed the channel of the Delaware River and built 
the chevaux-de-frise. 

11 Gibbs Jones, son of Blathwaite Jones by his first wife Jane, born 
March 5, 1748, was baptized at Christ Church and predeceased his father. 
On February 9, 1776, he was appointed Captain Lieutenant of the Artil- 
lery Company of the United Colonies raised for Canadian service. Mem- 
ber of Lodge No. 2, F. and A. M. Among his descendants was the 
lately deceased and well known physician, John B. Shober. 

23 



l^ijStotg of &t pauPiS CpiiScopal C^urcS 

serve it, and I think there will be no failure or neglect 
of this duty, now that the matter is presented to them 
for consideration and action. It also should appeal 
to the Bishop and clergy of the Diocese, who, I 
confidently expect, will by voice and pen express their 
disapproval of any sale of this church and its ground, 
vaults and graves. 

In response, therefore, to the before mentioned re- 
quest, that some memorial of St. Paul's be prepared, I 
herewith submit, in connection with my appeal for its 
preservation, the subjoined outline of its past, which 
may some day, under other hands, grow into a more 
comprehensive church history than I have the time, 
amid pressing official duties, to prepare. 



/^MjJm^ 




April 30, 1917. 




24 




OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF ST. 

CHURCH 



PAUL'S 



sand souls. 



Eighteen 
Thousand Souls 



^^^ T the time of its organization in 1760, St. Paul's was 
^■r% the third Church of England congregation in 

^^1^ Penn's fair city of Philadelphia, which then 
^^^ ^^ had nearly reached the age of four score years, 
and had a living progeny of eighteen thou- 
By the City of Philadelphia, is meant the 
the original city, two miles long and a mile 
wide, bounded on the north by Vine street, 
and on the south by South street, and extending east and 
Original ^^^^ from the Delaware to the Schuylkill, 

City containing 1,280 acres, or as it was, until the 

consolidation in 1854, by which the twenty-eight villages or 
districts, Southwark, Northern Liberties, Moyamensing, Spring 
Garden, Kensington, Richmond, etc., became the city of 
Philadelphia as it exists to-day. Christ Church, which be- 
longed to the first parish or congregation, begun in 1695, was 
completed by May, 1747, except the steeple, which was fin- 
ished in 1754. St. Peter's, the second, on Society Hill,^ 
incepted in 1753,^ was opened for divine service, Sep- 

1 Society Hill, from the Free Society of Traders which originally owned 
the land from river to river, including the hill at or about Front and 
Pine Streets. 

2 At Christ Church vestry meeting March 19, 1753, the Eev. Dr. Jenney 
represented that some gentlemen from the south end of the city had 

25 



"f^i^tot^f ot &t pmV0 episcopal Cj^utcg 

tember 4, 1761, and though sometimes called a ** chapel of 
case" was, **in every respect whatever," "upon an equal 
footing with Christ Church," and the Con- 
gregations of the two churches were by vote 
of the vestry, August 19, 1761, to "be styled the united Con- 
gregations of Christ Church and St. Peter 's. ' ' This was rati- 
fied by the Proprietary Charter of June 24, 1765, which Con- 
stituted the Rector, Church Wardens and Vestrymen of the 
United Churches of Christ Church and St. 

St. Peter's Peter's in the city of Philadelphia in the 
Church 

Province of Pensylvania, a body politic. 

Gloria Dei, the Swedes Church at Wicacoa, though dedicated 
July 2, 1700, was of the Lutheran denomination, not in con- 
nection with the Church of England, by whom it was subse- 
quently absorbed, and St. James at Kingsessing and Christ 
Church, Upper Merion, though possessed of church buildings, 
the first in 1760, the latter in 1763, continued under the 
mother church at Wicacoa.' 

The Church of England adherents had no settled clergy- 
man of their own in Penn's Quaker Colony until 1698, when 
Henry Compton, Bishop of London, sent the Rev. Thomas 

Clayton to Philadelphia, where he found a 
First Church ^ . . 

of England congregation of fifty persons* which, m two 

Clergyman in years, increased to seven hundred. Clayton 

1 a e p la ^^^ called by the Quakers, the minister of 

acquainted him of their intention to build a new church and desired his 
opinion and encouragement. This was the first movement in reference 
to the building of St. Peter's Church. The next signal step in this 
direction was the memorial to the Penns, August 1, 1754, praying for 
the grant of one hundred and four feet of ground belonging to the 
Proprietary on the west side of Third Street, bounded north by Pine 
Street, for a church and yard, and signed by eighty-six divers inhabitants 
of the city of Philadelphia. This lot was subsequently enlarged by pur- 
chase to the westward extending the church-yard to Fourth Street. — 
Dorr's "History of Christ Church," pp. 102-3; " Sesquicentennial Year 
Book, Saint Peter's Parish," pp. xxiv-v. 

26 



With, Wiit^ath fbt^saU 



the doctrine of devils. The Bishop of London, by virtue of a 
clause in Charles II 's Charter to Penn, was authorized, upon 
the request of twenty inhabitants, to appoint a chaplain to 
minister in Pennsylvania, which provision was inserted at 
the suggestion of Bishop Compton^ whose foresight in this re- 
spect is much to be commended. In 1695, the required num- 
ber had met, appointed a vestry and purchased a lot of 
ground one hundred feet front on Second Street, on which, 
according to Gabriel Thomas' publication of 1698, ''a very 
fine church ' ' had been ' ' built in the year 1695. ' '« This latter 
statement is corroborated by Colonel Quarry's letter of Janu- 
ary 18, 1696, to Governor Nicholson in which he thanks him 
for ''assisting us to build our Church, which being now fin- 
ished, &c."^ 

The Reverend Richard Sewell of St. Stephen's Parish,^ 
Cecil County, Maryland, was perhaps the first to hold the 
Church of England services in Philadelphia, making occasional 

Rev. Richard visits to the city for that purpose. Under 
Sewell date of March 26, 1698, J. Arrowsmith writ- 

ing from Philadelphia to Governor Nicholson says: ''We 
have a full congregation and some are very desirous to re- 
ceive the sacrament if it could be administered at Easter. I 
did speak to Mr. SewelP who gave me a promise to come." 

sAcrelius, "History of New Sweden," pp. 349-50 (Memoirs of the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, vol. xi). 

4 "Year Book and Eemembrances of Christ Church, Philadelphia, 
1695-1912," pp. 10, 16. 

5 Hazzard's "Kegister of Pennsylvania," vol. i, pp. 269-70. 

6 "History of Pennsylvania," by Gabriel Thomas, London, 1698, p. 51. 

7 Perry's "Historical Collections Relating to the American Colonial 
Church, ' ' vol. ii, p. 5. 

8 Philip Barratt, the first of this surname in Maryland, a parishioner of 
St. Stephens, Cecil County, in 1678, was married by Mr. Sewell, who 
baptized his youngest son Philip Barratt, Jr., from whom the writer also 
descends. 

^9 Further notices of Mr, Sewell will be found in the Acts of Dr. Bray's 
"Visitations" reprinted in Hawk's "Ecclesiastical Contributions" 

27 



^i0tot^ ot &t pauriS episcopal CSutcJ 

In the following November, another letter to Governor Nichol- 
son speaks of "so good a divine as Mr. Clayton"^" being at 
Christ Church, 

St. Paul's Church was formed principally by persons who 
were attached to Christ Church, though some were primarily 

Presbyterians and Lutherans. They as- 
Formed Mainly ,,-,«, ^ • ^ 
from Christ sembled for the first time as a new Congre- 

Church gation, June 22, 1760, in the State House, 

now known as Independence Hall, and some 
three thousand people are said to have been present. 

Two days later, certain articles of agreement" for raising 
money to purchase ground on which to erect a church build- 
ing, since known as St. Paul's Church, received ninety- four 
signatures. Of this number, at least ten had been signa- 
tories to the Memorial to the Penns in 1754, for ground upon 
which to build the church, later St. Peter's, and three had 
lately been vestrymen of Christ Church. The italicized 
names in the subjoined list of St. Paul 's subscribers are those 
of the memorialists of 1754, while the first three are those of 
the late Christ Church vestrymen. The brief footnotes show 
something of the subscribers' standing in the community: 

(Maryland), vol. ii, pp. 500, 523; Dorr's "History of Christ Church," 
p. 418; Barratt's Chapel, Papers of Delaware Historical Society, Ivii, 
1911, p. 20. 

10 ' ' Thomas Clayton, minister of the Church of England, died at 
Sassafras, in Maryland [of yellow fever], and here is another from 
London in his room, happened to come opportunely" — Isaac Norris' 
letter to Jonathan Dickinson in Jamaica, dated Philadelphia, 11 — 7 mo., 
1699. Penn-Logan Correspondence, vol. i, p. Iviii. (Memoirs of the 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania). 

Additional references to Thomas Clayton will be found in Perry's 
"Historical Collections of the Protestant Episcopal Church," vol. i, pp. 
13, 14, 15, 42, 47, 49, 68; Anderson's "Colonial Church," vol. ii, p. 436; 
vol. iii, p. 257; Hawkins' "Missions of the Church of England in the 
Colonies," pp. 16, 107. 

11 See Appendix A for full text. 

28 



Christ Church was founded in 1695, under a provision of the original charter of King Charles 
II to William Penii for the creation of the Province of Pennsylvania. 

The parish was subsidized by King William III (William of Orange). 

Here the Colonial Governors had their State Pew. 

The Penn family pew was No. 60. John Penn, the last male member of this line, is buried near 
the steps to the pulpit. 

Communion silver presented in 1709 by Queen Anne. 

Whitefield preached here in 1729. 

The tablet to General Forbes, the victor of Fort Duquesne, 1758, may be seen in the chancel. 

The pulpit dates from 1770. The candelabra in the centre isle is for candle-light, and has hung 
in place since 1749. The gravestones and tablets are mostly of colonial and revolutionary days. 

Continental Congress attended here a service of fasting and prayer in 1775, shortly after the 
battle of Lexington. 

The Baptismal Font dates from 1695. 

The church organ, built in 1765, has been rebuilt twice, except the front case and keyboard. 

The chime of bells pealed forth the Declaration of Independence in response to the Liberty 
Bell, July 4, 1776. They were taken from the city with the Liberty Bell by Continental Congress at 
the British occupation of the city, and were subsequently rehung in the tower by Congress. 

Many members of the convention which framed the Constitution of the United States, 1787, 
worshipped here during the sessions. 

George Washington and Martha Washington regularly occupied Pew No. 58 from 1790 to 1797, 
while he was President. The same was the official pew of John Adams while President, and was 
used by the Marquis de Lafayette on his second visit to this country. 

Benjamin Franklin was a member of the committee which built the spire, and occupied Pew 
No. 70 ; since used by members of his family. 

Robert Morris, Treasurer of the Revolution, who is buried beneath the Parish House, sat in 
Pew No. 52. 

Francis Hopkinson, Secretary of Continental Congress, and his son. Judge Joseph Hopkinson, 
author of the national hymn, "Hail Columbia," occupied Pew No. 65. 

General Charles Lee, of the Continental army, is interred beside the southwest door; and 
nearby was laid to rest, after the battle of Princeton, General Hugh Mercer, 1777. 

Rt. Rev. William White, D.D., first Bishop of Pennsylvania, is interred before the chancel 
rails ; and his episcopal chair is beside the altar. 

General Cadwalader, of the War of 1812, occupied the Cadwalader family Pew No. 55. 

Henry Clay, during the time of his temporary attendance, sat in front of the west column, 
north side. 

In the churchyard are interred Peyton Randolph, first President of Continental Congress ; 
Commodores Truxton, Bainbridge, Biddle and Richard Dale; Eleanor, daughter of Nellie Custis 
(Mrs. Lewis), daughter of Martha Washington, and several signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, and other persons of distinction. 

The American Episcopal Church was organized, its constitution was framed and the American 
Prayer Book was adopted in this church, 1785. 

At the southeast of the nave is the "Washington Door," through which was accustomed to 
enter the " Father of his Country." 

Rev. Louis C. Washburn is Rector 191 7. 



Msntt0 to Sitticlc& ot Sifitttmtnt 



Signers to Articles of Agreement 



Thomas Leeeh^^ 
John Ross^3 
John Baynton^^ 
Plunkt Fleesonis 
"Walter Goodman^^ 
Thos. Campbelli^ 
James Benezet^^ 
John Ord^^ 
Jno. Knowles^" 
Ephraim Bonham^i 
John Pahner-2 
Andw. Bankson^s 
Andrew Doz^* 
Thos. Charlton'^^ 
Trustees 



Willm Macclenachan 
Minister of St. Paul's 
John Young 
David Haipe 
Walter Shee^^ 
John Howard^^ 
Lester Falkner^^ 
Jos. Pursell 
Robt. Usher 
Robt. Mullan 
Charles Stow 
Joseph Wardden 
Isaac Stretch 
John Reily^^ 
Henry Burnet 



William Murdoch 
Thos. Richard 

his 
Alexander C. 

Hiekenbottom 

mark 
Richard Taylor 
Doctr Willm 

Dickenson 
Edmund Beach^^ 
Benj. Randolph 
Richd. Swan 
William Shute^^ 
Robt Towers 
Willm Young 



12 Thomas Leech, Esq., third son of Tobias Leech, Esq., by his wife 
Esther Ashmead, born circa 1685,- died 31 March, 1765, was a prominent 
Philadelphia merchant and one of the leading men of the city. He was 
clerk to the Assembly from 1723 until 1727; member of that body for 
twenty-five years, serving as speaker in 1758 and 1759; trustee of the 
College of Philadelphia, now the University of Pennsylvania, from 1749 
until his death, and treasurer of Philadelphia County in 1757-8-9. He 
was one of the committee of three which procured the now famous 
"Independence Bell," and one of the trustees in whom the title to the 
State House and other public buildings was vested by Act of Assembly 
of February 17, 1762. A devout Episcopalian, he was for thirty-two 
years a vestryman of Christ Church and a warden five years. He 
took an active part in founding St. Paul's, and was interred under one 
of the aisles of this church. "A sermon, suitable to the occasion, was 
preached by the Eeverend Mr. William McClenachan, A.M., and Minister 
of that Church, to a crowded and weeping congregation." An interest- 
ing obituary of him appears in The Pennsylvania Gazette of April 8, 
1762. 

13 John Eoss, Esq., 1715-1776, son of the eminent divine, Eev. George 
Boss, forty years the Eector of Emanuel Church, New Castle, Delaware, 
and half brother of Hon. George Eoss, a Signer of the Declaration of 
Independence, was one of Philadelphia's best known legal lights of the 
period and the chief rival before the courts of Andrew Hamilton. In 
his diary, under date of September 25, 1775, John Adams writes of him 
as " a lawyer of great eloquence and heretofore of extensive practice, a 
great Tory, but now they say beginning to be converted." The Penn- 
sylvania Gazette of May 15, 1776, records: "On the 5th instant, de- 
parted this life, aged 61 years, John Eoss, Esquire, long an eminent 
counsellor of the law, in this city. His remains, bourne by the Gentle- 
men of the Bar, attended by a number of the most respectable of his 

29 



i^i^tot^ ot &t pauPiei episcopal C|)utc|^ 



Danl. Clark John Lees 

William Leech Thomas Mackarall 

Kenneth Maekensie James Harris 
Humphy Wayne his 

Jas Claypoole Jeremiah T. Sharp 
John Young mark 

Jacob Imitz George Leadbetter 

fellow citizens, was deposited in St. Paul's Church agreeably to his own 
desire." For twenty-two years he was a vestryman of Christ Church 
and several years of St. Paul's. His wife, Elizabeth Morgan, whom 
he married December 28, 1735, is also buried at St. Paul's as was their 
daughter, Catharine, wife of Henry Gurney, see Appendix. He was, in 
1729, counsel for the Penn Estate in Pennsylvania. In this connection, 
see vol 10, Penna. Mag. of History and Biog., p. 477. 

14 John Baynton of the firm of Baynton, Wharton & Morgan, one of 
the noted commercial houses of his time in Philadelphia and son of Peter 
and Mary (Budd) Baynton, was born December 17, 1726. From 1756 
until 1761, he was a member of the Assembly, and under an act of that 
body in 1758/9, was appointed a trustee for disbursing £100,000 ordered 
for paying and clothing the troops raised in Pennsylvania for the war 
then pending. In 1762 he became one of the trustees of the Province, 
in whom was vested, by an Act of Assembly passed that year, the legal 
title of the State House, now Independence Hall, with its adjoining 
property. He was a founder of the Society of Sons of St. George, a 
member of the American Philosophical Society, and a contributor to the 
Pennsylvania Hospital. He died May 8, 1773, having married, Decem- 
ber 17, 1747, Elizabeth Chevalier, by whom he had several children, of 
these were: John, who was commissioned by Congress, Deputy Pay- 
master General to the troops and garrisons on the frontiers of Virginia 
and Pennsylvania; Peter, Treasurer of Pennsylvania in 1797, and Ad- 
jutant General in 1799; Mary, who married Colonel George Morgan, an 
eminent Pennsylvanian ; Esther, who married Joseph Bullock, Esq., and 
Elizabeth, who married Abraham Markoe, the first Captain of the First 
City Troop, and the founder of the Markoe family of Philadelphia, q. v. 

isPLUNKET Fleeson, Philadelphia, 1712-1791, became ensign in Capt. 
Bond's Company of the Associated Regiment of Foot, of Philadelphia, 
under commission of January 1, 1747/8. In 1762 and 1763 he was a 
member of the Pennsylvania Assembly; signed the Non-Importation 
Eesolutions in 1765, and on March 28, 1777, was commissioned a Justice 
of the Courts of Philadelphia. On November 18, 1780, he was com- 
missioned Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, of which he was some 
years president judge, also of "the Court of Quarter Sessions and later 
of the Orphans Court. Active in furthering the cause of the Revolution, 
he in 1776, loaned the State £500 to raise recruits for the army. Among 
the early contributors to the Pennsylvania Hospital, he was some years 
a director of that institution. He died in August, 1791, aged seventy- 

30 



feiffnetsf to Sittic\t0 ot Sisttemtnt 



John Wilkinson John Jones 

James Stevenson James White 

W. Blanch White Giles Tidmarsh Junr 

William Budden George Hawkins 

Nathaniel Curren Blair Macelenachan 

seven years. His first wife, Catharine Fleeson, was buried in Christ 
Church ground, December 13, 1752. He married (2), June 16, 1753, 
Martha, widow of John Linton and daughter of Andrew Bankson. Of 
his children : Esther, married 1st, Commodore John Hazlewood, 2d Samuel 
Leacock and had issue by both marriages; Thomas, married Kebecca 
Britton, and had issue; Ann, married Samuel Penrose, one of the 
founders of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry; Martha, married 
Thomas Canadine. 

16 Capt. Walter Goodman, died August 26, 1782, aged sixty-seven 
years, buried at Christ Church of which he was a vestryman as early as 
1745. He signed St. Paul's Church lottery ticket, infra. 

17 Capt. Thomas Campbell, on the roll of The St. Andrew's Society 
of Philadelphia, in 1756. 

18 Major James Benezet, of the well-known Huguenot family of his 
surname, was born in London, England, August 26, 1721, and died in 
Bucks County, Pennsylvania, May 16, 1794. He married June 5, 1747, 
Ann, daughter of the Hon. Samuel Hasell, three times mayor of Phila- 
delphia, and Provincial Councillor, who survived him. In 1765, he was a 
signer of the Non-Importation Eesolutions, after which he removed to 
Bucks County, where he took an active part in civil and military affairs 
during the Kevolution and where he was Major of Militia, March 3, 1777. 
In the latter year he became Prothonotary and Clerk of Court of Com- 
mon Pleas, which office he held until 1787. His eldest son. Captain 
Samuel Benezet, was the only one of his children to marry. 

19 John Ord, Esq., died December 11, 1781, in the sixty-third year of 
his age. His obit, in the Pennsylvania Gazette of December 19, 1781, says 
in part : ' ' This gentleman maintained in every stage and situation of his 
life, the character of a valuable member of civil and religious society. 
He executed the office of a Magistrate both under the old and new condi- 
tions of the State with integrity and impartiality. ... In private life, 
he was kind, sincere and just. In a word, all who knew him agree that 
he was in the fullest import of the words, a good citizen and an honest 
man. ' ' His wife Ann, daughter of Thomas Mason, was buried in Christ 
Church ground in 1752, as was he nearly thirty years later. 

20 John Knowles was a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas for the 
City and County of Philadelphia, June 6, 1777 to 1786. 

21EPHRAIM Bonham, a member of Lodge No. 2 (Philadelphia), in 
1749 (Moderns), and proposed by Blathwaite Jones', November 14, 1769, 
in Lodge No. 2, Ancient York Masons, was also a member of the Fishing 
Company of Fort St. David's in 1763. He had been connected with 
Christ Church and his children were there baptized. 

31 



^igitorp ot fe»t ^mV0 (£pi0topal CfiutcS 



John Perry John Williams 

David Boore John Wood 

William Smith James Payne 

John Johnston - William Murdock Junr 

Riehd Parker John Presley 

22 John Palmer, frequently mentioned in Jacob Hiltzheimer 's Diary, 
married Deborah Bankson, May 7, 1743, and had several children bap- 
tized at Christ Church. He died April 8, 1797, aged 80 years, the last 
survivor of the original trustees, and was buried in St. Paul's grounds, 
q. V. 

23 Andrew Bankson, a descendant of some of the earliest and most 
influential of the Swedish settlers on the Delaware and brother-in-law 
of Plunkett Fleeson and John Palmer, also signatories to the Articles of 
Agreement, died at Philadelphia in March, 1786. Eeaders of Colonial 
newspapers will recall the causa celehre between Andrew Bankson and 
the clergy and vestry of Gloria Dei Church in 1767. By his wife, Sarah 
Allen, who was buried in Christ Church ground in January, 1786, he had 
at least seven children, of whom: "Jacob Bankson delivered the Saluta- 
tory oration at the University of Pennsylvania November 19, 1767. On 
the same occasion an Ode set to music was sung by [his brother] Mr. 
John Bankson with great sweetness and Propriety accompanied by the 
Organ." The former became a practitioner of the law in Chester 
County; the latter a Captain in the Revolution and an original member 
of the Cincinnati. 

24 Andrevp" Doz, son of Philip and Martha Doz, baptized at Christ 
Church, December 26, 1727; died December 18, 1788, and was interred in 
Christ Church ground. The Pennsylvania Gazette said after his death: 
' ' This worthy citizen does not require the panegyric of a newspaper to 
spread the knowledge of his virtues, or to perpetuate his name in the 
City of Philadelphia. His country, the Church of Christ, and the 
distressed of every description and denomination, shared largely in the 
benefits of his public spirit and charities during his life, and were 
remembered by him with peculiar liberality in the hour of his death. 
These public virtues were not the splendid apologies for the want of 
those of private life. He was upright, faithful and affectionate in the 
discharge of all the social and domestic obligations." He married 
Rebecca, daughter of Caleb Cash. Their daughter Lucia became the 
wife of the Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D., rector of St. Paul's, 1781 to 
1804, q. V. The bequest of Mr. Doz to the Bishop of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, was all Bishop White had to depend upon as Bishop outside 
of his salary as Rector of Christ Church. His will dated December 17, 
1788, of which his wife Rebecca, daughter Martha Flower, Rt. Rev. Dr. 
William White, Samuel Coates and Miers Fisher, were executors, devised 
entire estate after death of his wife and daughter to Pennsylvania Hos- 
pital, Protestant Episcopal Academy, Bishop Protestant Episcopal 
Church, Society for Relief of Protestant Episcopal Clergymen widows 

32 



^isnet0 to SitticU^ ot Sisttemmt 



John Bourn Thomas Cuthbert 

John Moyes John Sprogell Junr 

Richard Hancock John George 

George Goodwin John Ledru 

Robert Carson Claudius Dubois 

and children, St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia, Philadelphia Dispensary, 
and Humane Society of Philadelphia. — Eegister of Wills, Phila., Boole 
W, page 206. 

25 Thomas Charlton, vestryman of Christ Church, 1769. 

26 David Hall, born in Scotland in 1714; died in Philadelphia, De- 
cember 24, 1772, and was buried in Christ Church burying ground. For 
eighteen years he was a partner of Benjamin Franklin in the printing 
business, and with him published the Pennsylvania Gazette. Upon the 
dissolution of this partnership in 1766, Mr. Hall formed a new one with 
William Sellers, under the firm name of Hall & Sellers, which concern 
continued the printing and publishing business until the death of the 
former. In 1751 and 1753 Mr. Hall was a vestryman of Christ Church. 
He became a member of Lodge Xo. 2, Free and Accepted Masons, Jan- 
uary 25, 1760. He was one of the founders of the St. Andrews Society 
of Philadelphia and a member of the American Philosophical Society. 
His sons, William and David, succeeded to their father's place in the 
printing firm and they continued the publication of the Pennsylvania 
Gazette. 

27 Walter Shee, an Irish gentleman who had come to Philadelphia 
about 1745, and engaged in the shipping business with his two sons, the 
firm being Walter Shee & Sons when they signed the Non-Importation 
Kesolutions of 1765. In 1777 he became Collector of Customs at Phila- 
delphia, and held this position throughout the Eevolution. His eldest 
son was later Colonel John Shee of the 3d Battalion of Pennsylvania 
Troops, member of the Pennsylvania Board of War, General of Volun- 
teers after the War, and Collector of the Port of Philadelphia, dying 
during his incumbency of the last office, August 5, 1808. 

28 John Howard, vestryman of St. Paul 's, 1764-1771, q.v. 

29 Lester Falkner, wealthy sea captain affi.liated with Christ Church, 
died August 8, 1766, His second wife was Sarah, daughter of John 
Coats and widow of Captain Thomas Penrose. She married 3d, An- 
thony Duche. 

30 John Eeily was a conveyancer and, in 1760, Secretary of Lodge 
No. 3, F. & A. M., called the Tun Tavern Lodge from the place of meet- 
ing, a noted hostelry on the east side of Water Street just south of 
Chestnut Street. Associated with him in this Lodge were the following 
subscribers to St. Paul's: John Howard, John Wilkinson, John Ord, 
John Eoss, Walter Shee. 

31 Mr. Edmund Beach, of Southwark, died February 25, 1787. ''His 
remains were interred in the burial grounds of the Third Presbyterian 

4 33 



Christopher Pechin Michael Brothers 

David Branson William Sellers 

George Nelson Thos. White 

John Smith Josh. Ledru 

Danl Dupuy Nat. Irish 

John Doyle Jonathan Hanson 
Joseph Hargrave 

The agreeements, concessions, and constitutions of The 
Episcopal Church of St. Paul were drawn by John Ross, Es- 
quire, the rival of Andrew Hamilton at the Philadelphia bar, 
and are a tribute to their author's legal acumen and ability. 
It will be noticed that the corporate title is. The Episcopal 
Church of St. Paul not "Protestant Episcopal," because St. 
Paul's was founded before the organization of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church in America. In point of fact, St. Paul's 
was one of the founders of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 

On the 24th day of June, 1760, as before set forth, these 

certain agreements, concessions, and constitutions were made, 

concluded and agreed upon, by and between 

_ ^. , the subscribers and contributors for raising 

Propagation of ° 

Principles of a sum of money for purchasing or renting 

Established ^^^ qj. more lots of ground and building a 
Church 

church in the City of Philadelphia, wherein 

Church attended by a large number of respectable inhabitants." See 
obit, in The Pennsylvania Gazette. 

82 William Shute, nephew of Atwood Shute, Esq., a vestryman of 
Christ Church and Mayor of Philadelphia, was a well-known merchant 
of his time and the ancestor of many prominent Philadelphians, among 
whom may be mentioned the late Col. Charles Somers Smith, Henry 
Hollingsworth Smith, M.D., Francis Gurney Smith, M.D., Atwood Smith 
and the present Charles Smith Turnbull, M.D., Mr. Shute died in 
February, 1783, having been contributor to Pennsylvania Hospital, 
member of Fishing Company of Fort St. David 'sj first lieutenant of 
Captain Richard Barrett's Company of Guards, under Major Lewis 
Nichola in 1777, and one of the Wardens of Philadelphia in 1782. He 
was an active Mason, a member of Lodge No. 2 in 1754 and after the 
decline of the "Moderns," joined Lodge No. 3 of the "Ancients"; 
served as Master in 1770; became active in the Grand Lodge and was 
Senior Grand Warden in 1772. (Sachse, "Old Masonic Lodges in Penn- 
sylvania, Moderns and Ancients," vol. i, p. 87. 

34 



^tinciplt^ ot C0tabIi0|^eti Cj^utci^ 



it was provided that the ground to be purchased and the 
building thereon to be erected should be conveyed to fourteen 
persons and the survivor of them, and held upon the following 
uses and trusts: 

First, to build thereon a house of public worship, *'to be 
used and employed as a house of public worship forever, 
wherein shall be read, performed, and taught the liturgy, 
rights, ceremonies, doctrines and true principles of the estab- 
lished church of England, according to the plain, literal and 
grammatical sense of the thirty-nine articles^^ of the said 
church, and none other whatsoever; and the same house is 
hereby agreed forever hereafter to be styled and called by the 
name of St. Paul's Church." 

Second, That the title should be vested in the said fourteen 
persons and their survivors, and by them conveyed to the per- 
son or persons named by the congregation. 

Third, That the Kev'd William MacClenachan should be- 
minister of the said Church until his successor was duly 
chosen. 

Fourth, That an assistant minister should be chosen. 

Fifth, That a vestry of twenty persons should be elected. 

Sixth, That the Vestry should collect the revenues of the 
Church, and apply them to the payment of the ground rents, 
the salaries of the clerk and sexton, repairs to the church, 
and churchyard, and other incidental expenses in the order 
named, and 

Lastly, To put the residue into the hands of the Minister 
and his assistant, in such portions as the congregation by 
ballot should direct. 

On the 16th day of September, 1760, Anthony Morris, the 

33 MoConnell in his ' * History of the American Episcopal Church, ' ^ 
p. 274, gives the history of the thirty-nine articles and states that their- 
adoption was foreign to the genius of the American Church and shouldL 
have been eliminated at the organization thereof. 

35 



younger, conveyed the greater part of the premises, being the 
part on which the church building was afterward erected, to 
the fourteen persons, viz. : Thomas Leech, et al. and survivor 
of them in fee, and on the 19th day of April, 1762, Israel 
Morris conveyed the other part of the premises to the four- 
teen persons, viz. : John Koss, et al. and the survivor of them 
in fee. 

On the 23d day of September, 1783, the church was in- 
corporated by Act of Assembly^* of that date, under the name 
and title of ''The Minister, Church Wardens and Vestrymen 
of the Episcopal Church of St. Paul, in the 

Church Q,^. . Philadelphia, in the Common- 

Incorporated 

wealth of Pennsylvania." The incorpora- 
tors named in the Charter were: the Rev. Samuel Magaw, 
D.D., rector or minister, John Wood and Lambert Wilmer, 
wardens ; Plunket Fleeson, John Young, Andrew Doz, George 
Goodwin, John Campbell, George Ord, Blair McClenachan, 
William Graham, George Glentworth, Joseph Bullock, Samuel 
Penrose, George Nelson, Richard Renshaw, Joseph Turner, 
John Keble, John Bates, James Dougherty and Benjamin 
Towne, vestrymen. John Palmer, who, on October 14, 1796, 
was the sole survivor of the orginal fourteen trustees, con- 
veyed the lot of ground first before mentioned, and on De- 
cember 22, 1796, he conveyed the lot, second before named, 
to the church as incorporated, its successors and assigns. 

None of the deeds by which the church acquired its prop- 
erty imposed any restriction, condition, or trust upon its use ; 
but it is provided in the twelfth section of its charter that the 
agreements, concessions, and constitutions made by the sub- 
scribers and contributors to the church, by their agreement 
of June 24, 1760, before recited, should remain in force and 
operation. 

34 See copy of Act of Assembly, Appendix A, pp. 11-19. 

36 



C5utc$ 3fncotpotatfli 



By section 5 of said Act it was further enacted that said 
corporation and its successors "shall and may grant, alien, 
or otherwise dispose of any messuages, houses, lands, tene- 
ments or hereditaments other than the site of the house of 
public worship or church aforesaid and the burial ground or 
grounds which they do now or may hereafter possess as to 
them may seem meet and proper. ' '^^ 

The ground on Third Street, below Walnut, acquired^^ for 
the church building consisted of several lots making the front 
103 feet on Third Street, extending southward of that width 
195 feet to Levant, now American Street. It was purchased 
upon ground rent, payable in Spanish pistoles, a gold coin, a 
quarter doubloon, worth $3.92, which in the latter part of the 
eighteenth and early part of the ninetheenth century, in Phila- 
delphia, was equal to $4.00 silver coin. These ground rents 
were subsequently paid off and extinguished. 

The erection of the present edifice was at once begun and 
the walls were built in 1761 with the amount subscribed. 
More money was needed, and it was determined to raise it by 



St. P J U L's Church LOTTERY, 
1761. NuMfi. y^ 

THIS Ticket entitles ^e Bearer to fuch 
Prize as may be drawn againit ils 
Number, if demanded withm fix Months 
after the Drawing is fiuifhed ; fubjecl 10 fuch 
Deduftion as h menticmeiLyi ifie Scheme. 




35 St. Paul's is the owner of a certain burial lot in the Mount Moriah 
Cemetery, granted by deed dated the 23d day of June, 1855, numbered 
section Forty-seven on the plan of said Cemetery, containing in front on 
the avenue surrounding the Western Circle in said cemetery, one hundred 
and fifty feet and in depth on the East Line, one hundred and sixty feet 
and on the West Line, two hundred and fifty-one feet, containing 25,120 
square feet more or less. 

se Abstracts of the title deeds, 1760 to 1904, are given as Appendix B. 

37 



l^(0tots ot &t paurjEi (Episcopal C|^utc| 

a lottery. Through the courtesy of Dr. John "W. Jordan of 
the Historical Society, of Pennsylvania, a facsimile reproduc- 
tion of the original lottery ticket number 71, which partici- 
pated in the first drawing, is given on the preceding page. 
The full scheme appeared in The Pennsylvania Gazette under 
date of January 29, 1761, as follows : 

" As a new church, called ST. PAUL'S-CHURCH, has been thought 

necessary, for the Worship of Almighty God, to be erected in the 

City, by many well disposed Christians who have, according to their 

Abilities, cheerfully svibscribed, and many of them 

_/ , , paid considerable Sums of Money, towards carry- 

Method " ^. . ^ . ^ ^' 1 4> 

mg on the pious Work. In consequence wliereoi, 

a very large and commodious Building hath been begun, and car- 
ried on to the full Height of the Brick Work: But it being judged 
that the Expence of completing and finishing this Church, will 
greatly exceed the Sums subscribed; therefore it is thought expedient 
to set up a LOTTERY, for the purpose of raising 3000 pieces of 
Eight, which it is hoped will completely finish the said church; and 
not doubted but all well Wishers to the true Worship of God, will 
favour and encourage this Under taking. 

"THE SCHEME for the purpose is as follows: 

Number of Prizes. Pieces of Eight. Total Value. 



1 




of 


1000 


is 


1000 


1 




of 


500 


is 


500 


2 




of 


300 


are 


600 


3 




of 


200 


are 


600 


4 




of 


100 


are 


400 


8 




of 


75 


are 


600 


20 




of 


40 


are 


800 


30 




of 


30 


are 


900 


40 




of 


20 


are 


800 


149 




of 


10 


are 


1490 


1515 




of 


8 


are 


12120 


1773 


prizes 


First 


drawn Ticket 




50 


3227 


blanks 


Last 


drawn Ditto, 




50 




Ticket 


Drawn before the 1000 


30 




Ticket 


Next after the 1000 




30 




Ticket 


Drawn before the 500 




16 




Ticket 


Drawn next after the 500 


14 












20000 



38 



fLotttt)f Common S^tt^oh 



" This scheme is the most favourable and heretofore calculated in 
this City to the Adventurers. The Banks and Prizes being consid- 
erably less than two to one. The large number of middling Prizes 
is also a great Advantage; and the Deduction is but small, being 
only fifteen per cent. The Drawing to begin punctually on the first 
Day of April Next, or sooner, if sooner full. The prizes to be pub- 
lished in this Gazette, and the Pennsylvania Jouraal, and the Prize 
Money to be paid as soon as the Drawing shall be finished, the afore- 
said Dedication to be first made. 

"Prize money not demanded in six months after the Publication 
of the Prizes, to be deemed as generously given to the use of the said 
Church and to be applied accordingly. The following Gentlemen 
are appointed Managers, viz. : Walter Goodman, Thomas Campbell, 
John Ord, Plunket Fleeson, Ephraim Bonham, Andrew Bankson, 
Andrew Doz, Thomas Charlton, James Stevenson, John Young, 
James Claypoole and Robert Towers: who are to give bond, and be 
upon Oath, that they will truly execute the Trust in them reposed. 
. . . Tickets are now selling by the said managers, at their respective 
Dwelling-houses, William Bradford at the London Coffee-House, and 
David Hall, at the Printing-Office, in Market Street. 

" N.B. John Reily, of this City, Conveyancer, will insure Tickets 
in this Lottery, at a very low Premium." 

Five thousand tickets at four dollars each cleared several 
thousand dollars, and the next year a lottery scheme of thirty 
thousand dollars was put through, which cleared enough to 
extinguish the ground rents. The Pennsylvania Gazette of 
April 16, 1761, thus calls attention to the second lottery : 

" The managers and Congregation of St. Paul's Church, in Phila- 
delphia return their most sincere and hearty thanks to the Adven- 
turers in the late Lottery, for finishing and completing the said 
church; the alacrity and cheerfulness manifested on that Occasion, 
by filling that Lottery in less than twenty-days from its Publication, 
deserve the most public Acknowledgements. The Application of 
great numbers for Tickets, after they were all sold, and their earnest 
Desire that another Lottery might be set up, towards exonerating the 
land, on Part Whereof that Church is erected, from the Ground rent 
wherewith it is chargeable, and for purchasing a Burial place, are 
the only Motive that this Lottery is now made, and the further con- 
tinuance of the Favours of the Public requested; whereby the 

39 



^i0tot^ ot &t paursi episcopal C|)ucc|) 

Church will be cleared from the Ground Rent, and the Congregation 
thereof will have a place for the Interment of their Dead, as they 
are the only Society in this City destitute of a burial Ground."^'' 

At a Vestry Meeting of February 9, 1761, it was "Resolved 
to apply to and request such persons as have power to permit 
the wheels of blanks and prizes heretofore used in lotteries 
[to] be employed for the use of St. Paul's Church." Lot- 
teries were frequently used, indeed were the popular means, 
to raise money for civic and religious purposes and extensive 
public improvements were in the eighteenth century con- 
stantly met by this method.^^ 

37 These lotteries were drawn at a store on Gardner 's Wharf, opposite 
37 and 38 South ^Vharves above Walnut Street. 

38 Lotteries were employed to raise and equip the ' ' Associated Bat- 
tery, " near the Old Navy Yard, to build Christ Church steeple, and in 
1753 for raising eight hundred and fifty pounds for the Second Presby- 
terian Church, then at the Northwest corner of Third and Arch Streets, 
which also desired to build a steeple. The present edifice of this congre- 
gation is at Twenty-first and Walnut Streets. In 1754, Connecticut 
raised thirteen thousand three hundred and thirty-two pounds, by similar 
means, to aid in building Princeton College. In 1761 Philadelphia raised 
seven thousand four hundred dollars to pave the streets. Trinity Church, 
Oxford, of which the Eev. Hugh Neill was Rector, held a lottery 
January 20, 1762, to enlarge the church. Shortly after this, the Legis- 
lature by an act of February 17, 1762 (1 Smith's Laws, 246), prohibited 
lotteries in Pennsylvania as common nuisances, productive of vice, idle- 
ness and immorality, under a penalty of 500 pounds sterling. Notwith- 
standing this statute, making lotteries a misdemeanor, a later legislature 
ignored it and passed additional legislation authorizing them, viz. : an 
act of March 27, 1789, for a lottery of $8,000 to erect City Hall on State 
House Square, Fifth and Chestnut Streets, Philadelphia, and for one of 
$2,000 for the use of Dickinson College at Carlisle (Statutes at Large of 
Penna., vol. 13, pp. '276, 282). By an Act of Assembly, approved by the 
governor, April 6, 1790, Manuel Josephson, Solomon Lyon, William 
Wistar, John Duffield, Samuel Hayes and Solomon Etting were appointed 
Managers of a Lottery to raise the necessary money to liquidate a 
mortgage of 800 pounds upon the Synagogue of the Hebrew Congrega- 
tion. This is the Congregation Mickve Israel, Hope of Israel, now South- 
east corner Broad and York Streets, Philadelphia (ibid., pp. 532-537.) On 

40 



C5«t:c5 Openeli for tlBot^^ip 



The building operation went promptly forward and the 
edifice was opened for worship on the Sunday preceding 
Christmas-day, 1761. As originally built there was no base- 
ment, the outside walls were of brick which 

^^'^'^^^f^® have since been plastered. The entrance 
for Worship 

gates of the church were imported from 
England and greatly admired by the town's people. High 
back pews, like those of Christ Church and St. Peter's were 
installed, as was a sounding board over the pulpit, also an 
organ, in 1762, built by Philip Fyring. The whole method of 
lighting was by wax candles which it was the duty of the 
sexton to snuff as often as they might require it. 

The rules of the Vestry prescribed the duty respectively 
of the Wardens, Sexton, Clerk, Organist, Bellows Blower and 
Chain Carriers, this latter official being unknown to the pres- 
ent generation. He "shall attend to the 
Rules of Vestry 

putting up the chain across Third Street, at 

least five minutes previous to the commencement of services 
on Sunday morning and afternoon, and shall remove the 
same as soon as the congregation are dismissed." As Third 
Street was the main artery of travel it deflected traffic to 
Second and Fourth Streets. 

The sexton's duties are carefully and minutely enumerated 
and some of them would surprise the sextons of to-day. He 
was told that: "After the services is over he shall take care 
to have the chandeliers covered, to keep the 
dust from them in winter and flies in sum- 
mer. He shall at the time of night service light the church at 
the proper time, snuff the candles and, at a later date, trim 
the lamps as often as they may require it. 

March 13, 1800, the Eoman Catholic Church of St. Augustine raised 
by the same means $10,000 for the completion of its church building 
(ibid., vol. 16, p. 472). 

41 



"He shall extinguish at night all fires before he leaves the 
church. He shall not contract any debts for the church with- 
out the approval of the church wardens. He shall procure 
seats for strangers as far as he conveniently can. He shall at- 
tend the vestry at their meetings, and see that their room is 
kept clean. He shall have all graves dug and ready one hour 
before funerals. He shall not suffer goats or other animals 
to have access to the burial ground. He shall send the box 
money to the Wardens every Monday morning ; keep the keys 
of the church, and pay into the hands of the acting warden all 
the moneys collected by him once every six months, or oftener 
if required." 

On April 28, 1767, Messrs. Richard Neave and Son, Lon- 
don, merchants, presented to St. Paul's Church, through 
Messrs. John Baynton^^ and Wharton, a complete set of 
hangings for the pulpit, altar and reading desk and clerk's 
desk, "made of the best Crimson Velvet, richly adorned with 
Gold Lace, Fringe, Tassels and Embroidery valued at Two 
hundred & Fifty Pounds.""" 

In consideration of the gift, a pew was appropriated by the' 
corporation for their use and those of any of their friends who 
might happen to be in America at any time. A letter of 
thanks was promptly sent to them by "Captain Falconer*^ 
now under sailing orders for London." Richard Neave was 
buried*^ in St. Paul's church-yard, 12 July, 1795. 

The records of Holy Trinity (Old Swedes) Church of 

39 Abraham Markoe, first Captain of the Philadelphia City Troop, who 
lived at Chestnut and Ninth Streets, on the present site of the Phila- 
delphia Eecord and the Philadelphia Post Office, married in 1773, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of John Baynton, a foremost merchant and one of the 
founders of St. Paul's, q. v. Mrs, Markoe died in 1784, leaving three 
children. 

40 Pennsylvania Chronicle, May 4, 1767. 

*i Lester Falkner, the subscriber to St. Paul's, 24 June, 1760. 

42 



HatettSt Cj^urcl in t|e probtnce 



Wilmington, Delaware, show that: "on October 2nd, 1770, 
the hangings of the altar and pulpit were stolen ... at the 
same time the Church at Newcastle suffered the same loss, 
and soon after St. Paul 's Church in Philadelphia, had its fine 
antique hangings stolen." These were doubtless the Neave 
hangings.*^ 

The new Church was the largest in the Province, and in a 

few days one thousand sittings had been taken in it. The 

formal incorporation as the Minister, Church Wardens and 

Vestrymen of the Episcopal Church of St. 

Largest Church p^^^ ^^ ^j^^ (.-^ ^^ Philadelphia in the Com- 

m the Province 

monwealth of Pennsylvania was, as before 

stated, not passed by the Legislature until September 23, 
1783, and this remained the corporate title up to February 25, 
1818, when the word minister was changed to rector. It was 
consecrated by Bishop White, January 1, 1831, at which time 
the building had been remodeled, both internally and ex- 
ternally, which also included re-arrangement of the chancel. 
Several of our present city churches, St. Andrew's; Grace; 
St. Philip's; Emmanuel, Kensington; St. Matthew's, Francis- 
ville; Epiphany and St. Luke's (which latter two have since 
consolidated), etc., owe their existence in a 

. au s, er i^^„q degree to the zeal and enterprise of the 
of many Panshes <= => f 

rectors and members of this church. St. 

Paul 's directly or indirectly is the mother of them all. There 

42 It is interesting to note the cost of and ceremony attendant upon 
funerals, as shown by the minutes of the Vestry of April 19, 1762: 
Minister attending funerals, six shillings. 

Clerk attending funerals, four shillings. 

Sexton ringing bell (which was afterwards given 

to St. Peter's Church), two shillings, six pence. 

Church breaking ground, ten shillings. 

To the Church for being buried within the walls 

of the house, ten pounds. 

*3 Vol. IX, Papers Hist. Society of Delaware (1890), pp. 495-^96. 

43 



l^i^totv ot fet paursf Cpigicopal €fiutc^ 



is no other single congregation in Philadelphia which has done 
so much for the propagation of the Episcopal Church. 

To this list should be added, St. Paul's Cheltenham, now 
Ogontz, of which two vestrymen of St. Paul's, John W. 
Thomas and Jay Cooke, were among the founders. The 
church of the Holy Apostles, Twenty-first and Christian 
Streets, Philadelphia, is equally indebted to the son of John 
W. Thomas, the late George C. Thomas, one of the city's 
most charitable laymen, who acknowledged that his inspiration 
as a churchman had come from his home training and from the 
Sunday School of St. Paul's, which he had attended in boy- 
hood days. The large parish building of the Church of the 
Holy Apostles was erected by Mr. Thomas "In Memory of 
Rev. Dr. Richard Newton of St. Paul's," the compliment 
in recognition of his life and work being all the greater be- 
cause the building was erected many years after his death. 
His brother, the Rev. Richard Newton Thomas, was named 
after Dr. Newton, and the name of Mr. Thomas himself is 
enshrined in a church, Fifty-first and Spruce Streets, known 
as the George C. Thomas Memorial, the corner-stone of which 
was laid October 29, 1916. The Church of the Holy Apostles 
now has three chapels : The Mediator, The Holy Communion 
and the Chapel of St. Simon the Cyrenian. 

Born of the spirit of democracy and the evangelical move- 

^ . . , ment, St. Paul's was, at its inception, and 
Spirit of f , 

Democracy and ^^^ some time thereafter, a religious storm 

Evangelical center and the story is full of human interest. 

Movement „,, • . , « , ^, , » 

There was a young minister of the Church of 

England, Rev. William McClenachan, travelling through the 

city of Philadelphia, who preached with great effect at Christ 

Church. He was most eloquent, of exemplary 
Mr. McClenachan 

piety among the people, distinguished for re- 
markable industry and indefatigable zeal and had an attractive 

44 




FONT. 



9^t, ^tCLUnat^an 



personality. He had so much to recommend him and had be- 
come so popular, that the rector, vestry and church wardens, 
with the assent of the congregation, on June 19, 1759, selected 
him as an assistant minister and askedthe Lord Bishop of Lon- 
don for his approval. Later on, the third of October, 1759, 
Eev. Dr. Jenney and most of the clergy in the Province sent 
a counter address, protesting that Mr. McClenachan had 
given offense ''by his Railings and Revilings in the Pulpit," 
and that "his extemporaneous Prayers and Preachings were 
not agreeable to the Canons." On this account, and because 
he had been appointed to take charge of a church in Virginia, 
the Bishop of London, without hearing Mr. McClenachan 's de- 
fense, refused to license him, and requested Christ Church 
to give him no encouragement. 

The matter had doubtless been brought to a sudden climax 
by Mr. McClenachan 's action in the Convention, or Volun- 
tary Meeting of the Episcopal clergy** of Pennsylvania, in 

Philadelphia, April 30, 1760. The conven- 
Convention of 
Episcopal Clergy ^ion, pursuant to adjournment, heard the 

in Philadelphia, address prepared by its committee to his 

Honor the Lieutenant Governor, James 

Hamilton, which was approved by all the members present 

except Mr. McClenachan, who said he "could not give any 

testimony of the Governor's former administration, as he 

knew nothing of the same from his personal knowledge, but 

*4 Those present were : The Eev. Dr. Jenney, Dr. William Smith, 
Provost of the College of Philadelphia, Mr. Greorge Craig, Missionary at 
Chester, Mr. Philip Eeading, Missionary at Apoquinimink, Mr. William 
Sturgeon, Assistant Minister and Catechist to the negroes in Philadel- 
phia, Mr. Charles Inglis, Missionary at Dover, Mr. Thomas Barton, 
Missionary at Lancaster, Mr. William McClenachan, another of the 
Assistant Ministers in Christ Church, Philadelphia, Mr. Jacob Duche, 
likewise an Assistant Minister at Christ Church. At the same time 
appeared Mr. Samuel Cook and Mr. Eobert McKean, two of the society 's 
worthy missionaries of New Jersey. 

45 



m0tot]l ot &t paur*^ episcopal Cdutc^ 

that he had the sincerest regard for his Honor, and offered 
up Prayers for his prosperity. ' ' His second reason was that, 
"however much connected Religion and Civil Government 
might be, he thought it was not absolutely necessary to men- 
tion the matter in our present circumstances." 

It was during the last days of the convention that the 
Bishop of London's final letter, relative to Mr. McClenachan 
arrived and was read.*^ His course of reasoning many of the 
Christ Church people deemed insufficient, being determined 
to maintain and protect their religious rights. Vigorous 

protest followed. Eighteen Presbyterian 
Presbyterian . 

Synod clergymen, then assembled in Synod in Phil- 

in Philadelphia, adelphia. May 28, 1760, sent an unsolicited 
^^ ° address in behalf of Mr. McClenachan to his 

Grace, the Archbishop of Canterbury, written probably by 
the Rev. Gilbert Tennant. On the eighteenth of June, fol- 
lowing, Mr. McClenachan was, however, denied the further 
use of the pulpit of the church. This had been anticipated, 
protest became forceful action and four days later a new con- 
gregation met in the State House. Nineteen months after- 
wards, the congregation, stronger grown, gathered in a stately 
building of its own, St. Paul's Church on Third Street, below 
"Walnut Street, built, as set forth in the articles of agreement 

*5 Sunday evening, May 4, 1760. The convention met pursuant to ad- 
journment. A letter to Dr. Jenney from England was read, intimating 
the disapprobation upon the part of the Society for Propagating the 
Gospel in Foreign Parts against Mr. McClenachan 's conduct in this place 
and the disapproval of the Bishop of London. It was the sense of the 
meeting that though he could not be allowed longer to remain assistant 
minister of Christ Church, he could be allowed to sign the address to the 
Bishop of London, or any other papers as a clergyman of the church 
and might still sit in Convention. These offers he refused, and desired 
that his name might be erased from the papers he had already signed, 
after which he withdrew. His name remained on the address to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury. (Perry's "Papers Eclating to the History 
of the Church in Pennsylvania," 1680-1778, pp. 317-319.) 

46 




FONT WITH SILVER BAPTISMAL BOWL, 1917. 



mmttitin 



so ably prepared by John Ross, Esq., for this Rev. William 

MeClenaehan, the erstwhile censured clergyman. 

Rev. Dr. Stephen H. Tyng, in his old age, was authority for 

the statement "that St. Paul's Church was erected that 

"Whitefield, that Apostle of the Living God, that Angel flying 

throughout the World with the everlasting Gospel, might haive 

an Episcopal Church in which to preach in Philadelphia. A 

tremendous contest had ensued from the refusal of the rector 

and Wardens of Christ Church to permit him to preach 

within its walls. God raised up an instru- 
Whitefield ,. „ , . „ 

mentality for the defense of the hated and 

despised gospel, in the person of Counsellor John Ross, a man 
of such position in this community, that he could not be put 
down, who in conjunction with others, determined that there 
should be one church in Philadelphia wherein nothing should 
deter such a man as Whitefield from preaching the unsearch- 
able riches of Christ. Thus St. Paul's was erected for the de- 
fense of a free gospel and the champion of this principle it had 
now continued to be." "No other sound," he believed, "had 
ever been heard within its walls than the gospel in its purity 
and simplicity." The error in this statement is that, the 
church was built for Dr. MeClenaehan and not George White- 
field, but as Dr. MeClenaehan maintained the methods of 
Whitefield it is, speaking generally, accurate to that extent. 
A lengthy account of the convention, together with Me- 
Clenaehan 's part therein was promptly furnished the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, by Dr. William Smith, Provost of the 
Dr Smith' College in Philadelphia, under date of July 
Account of 1> 1760, which was certainly neither favor- 
Mr. McClenachan's able nor fair to the clergyman. He says in 
Followers 

part: "The number that followed Mr. Me- 
Clenaehan from our Church to his Conventicle are but incon- 
siderable: & as they were the tools of the Quaker Party to 

47 



^i^totTf ot ^t ^auV0 episcopal Ci^urcl^ 

distract and divide we think sucli a purgation a happy inci- 
dent. The Church [Christ Church] is as crowded as ever on 
Sundays and great numbers are not able to get Pews, And 
as for my particular opponents they are now fairly gone. 
They are about Building a Place of Worship for Mr. Macclen- 
aghan, and still will be hardy enough to sollicit a License for 
him, by every misrepresentation of all the regular Clergy both 
here & in Boston. But I hope your Grace will think it proper 
that such proceedings that tend to destroy all order shall 
never have any countenance. The Quakers and their open 
adherents are the chief people who contribute to encourage 
this schism. One of the oldest Quakers in the Province has 
procured the Ground on which the House is to be built so that 
by the turn this affair has taken, your Grace has a fresh proof, 
were any necessary, that the state I gave of these matters in 
all my former representations was just." 

Col. William Byrd, second, said, ''The Quakers flocked to 
this country in shoals, being averse to going to Heaven the 
same way with the Bishops." This, in a humorous way, ex- 
pressed the Churchman's view of the Quaker.'*^^ 

The Quakers and the members of the Church of England 
were the aristocratic class. In public life in early Pennsyl- 
vania there were two distinct types of men. The first, pro- 
gressive, eloquent, earnest, learned and convincing. Thomas 
McKean, John B. Gibson, Jeremiah F, Black, William McClen- 
achan and Joseph Pilmore represent the first class, although 
not of the same faith. The second, equally learned, but sure 

.,,., , of their social position, quiet, colorless, re- 

Attitude ^ . _ 

of tiring, modest, insipid, critical and uninter- 

Quakers esting. This type dominated Christ Church, 

while the spirit and energy of the first animated St. Paul's. 

45a He was the aristocratic Virginian of the celebrated plantation 
' ' Westover ' ' on the James Eiver, the founder of the Capital City, Eich- 

48 



Sittit\xne ot ;^uafier0 



St. Paul's congregation had no divided allegiance, like some 
of the other English Churches in America. Its strength in 
this respect was that while loyal to the principles of the estab- 
lished Church, in all else, it was thoroughly American, and its 
aims, purposes and acts were those which have made the 
United States the nation she is today. Many of the ministers 
of the Church of England, and some of their congregations, re- 
sembled the attitude of the nobles in France, residing at Ver- 
sailles in the time of Louis XIV, who were polished, but hard 
as granite, and who exacted from the people all the tributes 
and duties prescribed by the feudal laws, but who themselves 
had long ceased to render any service whatever. They were 
a liability instead of an asset to the State. They took all 
they could get, in fact everything, and rendered nothing in 
return. 

In a letter of August 26, to the secretary of the Society for 
the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, Dr. Smith 
said: 

" I wrote to you a long letter by Mr. Keene about seven weeks 
ago with a full account of everything' concerning MaeClenachan and 
a copy of the Minutes of the late meeting of our Clergy together 
with an address to His Grace of Canterbury; all of which I hope 
have been duly received. MaeClenachan gains no ground in the 

U n n Ti ("burch, and we have lost but two or three men 
of any note (one of which is John Ross who has 
not acted like a member of your body and Son of a regular clergy- 
man as he is, being the chief founder of all this trouble in order to 
be at the head of a party). The Quakers and their adherents are the 
chief support of this schism agreeable to their Maxim Divide et 
impera, but we think it will not hold long, especially as that shining 
youth Mr. Duche*® is so much more popular than MaeClenachan, 

mond, then called * ' Shockoes ' ' and an ancestor of S. Davis Page, Esq., the 
President of the Colonial Society of Pennsyvania and a vestryman of St. 
Peter's Protestant Episcopal Church, Philadelphia. 

46 Eev. Dr. Jacob Duehe, the rector of Christ Church, September, 1775, 
resembled the "Vicar of Bray," who was first for King Charles I and 
then for Cromwell. His eloquent prayer in Congress at Carpenter's 
5 49 



^i0tot}f ot fet ^auV0 (Episcopal C|)urc|& 

who only draws the lower sort and of these more from the Presby- 
terians and Baptists than from us." 

Dr. Smith was mistaken in both these latter statements, and 
that Ross's influence, position and standing in England was 
high is shown, among other things, by the fact that he pro- 
cured the dismissal of Rev. "William Sturgeon from Christ 
Church in November, 1763. 

Mr. Sturgeon's view of St. Paul's congregation is set forth 
in his letter of 1762 to the Secretary of the Venerable So- 
ciety, viz. : 

"Rev^. Sir: 

" My endeavors to inculcate truth and virtue in the Minds of Man- 
kind have been in some measure successful and at the same time has 
increased the Church of England in these parts. 
Mr. Sturgeon's ^yj^^^ j arrived here first, Christ Church con- 
view or 

_^ _, „ tained all the people of our communion, but now 

St. Paul's f f _ ' . 

Consrepation there are two more created. St. Peter's united 

with the old Church and St. Paul's built for Mr. 

McClanaghan mostly filled with people to whom I discharged the 

duties of a Cateehist and Assistant Minister to the Reverend Dr. 



Hall resulted in his election as its chaplain, which position he occu- 
pied at the time of the Declaration of Independence in July, 1776. He 
resigned when the British Army was advancing to Philadelphia after the 
Battle of Brandywine, and, upon its arrival, he as rector, just as 
enthusiastically prayed for the King and * ' that he may vanquish and 
overcome all his enemies. ' ' General Howe confined him in prison one 
night and released him upon his promise to convince Washington and 
his fellow rebels of their mistake. He advised Washington to abandon 
"the wretched cause," but without avail. As our histories gently record 
it : " He retired from Philadelphia when the British evacuated it. ' ' He 
subsequently returned to London to straighten himself out with his 
English Bishop and to explain that, while Chaplain of Congress he was 
at heart loyal to the King and England and believed in the union of 
Church and State, but his explanation was not accepted or believed. 
When he left the Colony, Pennsylvania judged him by his acts, pro- 
claimed him a traitor and confiscated his estate. After some twelve 
years of exile he came back to Philadelphia, where he died, January 3, 
1798. Both he and his wife, Elizabeth Hopkinson, are buried in St. 
Peter's Churchyard. 

50 



Jenney for about ten years and upon his being seized with a palsy 
for three years and a half, without any help at all. 
*' I am, Rev, Sir, &c. 

" William Sturgeon/' 

His letter of November 20, 1763, to the Secretary, pays 
a tribute to Mr. MeClenachan's eloquence, and comments on 
the unfairness of his own dismissal from Christ Church : 

"Rev^. Doctor, 

" Dr. Jenney was seized with a palsy which continued to his death, 
and laid the whole duty of the Parish [Christ Church] on me for 
more than five years. This I acquainted the Society with and also 
that my family was large and my support very small, and therefore 
requested to be removed to some Mission, or that they would increase 
my salary. This they were pleased to grant and added £20 a year 
to my former £30. 

" In this situation things were till the arrival of ^Ir. McClenanehan 

who was invdted to preach in our church and soon drew numbers 

after him and set the whole congregation on fire (one of the chief of 

his partizans was Mr. John Ross, a Member of the Hon'''® Society) 

and after some time he was dismissed the Church and went to preach 

at the State House, to a large number of people, 

„, and Mr. Ross at their head. In the meantime I 

Eloquence 

did what I could to keep the people together, and 

sometimes almost in danger of my life from an incensed Mob and a 

few artful Libertines. This I gave an account of to the Society in 

my letters from time to time, and also that I expected no favour 

from one or two powerful enemies. The chief of these facts Dr. 

Smith, if he should be called upon, would testify. At length Dr. 

Jenney died and I was elected one of the Ministers of the United 

Churches of which I acquainted you, and that the Vestry voted my 

Salary from the Hon.'''® Society as part of my living. All this 

time I preached twice every Sunday and read prayers and did all 

other duties of the parish, and on Wednesdays catechised the white 

children, and on every Friday the Negroes, and instructed both in the 

sense and purport of each part ; and for more than 17 years preached 

every Tuesday at the City Alms House, and once in three weeks 

during the Summer season went to a church in the country that has 

no Minister, and read prayers and preached and did baptize many. 

This has been my constant method from my first arrival to this day 

and lo! now I am discharged from the service of one of the most 

51 



^i^:z77 01 SL Paul's episcopal C^arrti 



S^aetia » Oe WoHd. mmd mkat a aosf hmwd to hemr. for 

'.^Sy to tike me g w o es , «Ml hg tite taemms of erne wAo Tms heem 

"viaemt of £wiiimy omr ebmrA. He is mmd tms beem lom§ 

: I §k»ry fo Jhme him m smA tM God is pUmsed to 

- J ^an Mr. Jekm fio» of Ais City, who has heem 

'vmaOt mms to St. PmmL 

-I izi 7 '. &e^ 



dergy. r : S^Biitli and some : I =a 

depaxtare ±r:— z'-^ ^ : ~ r le- 

thxtgie, apathr- ^ ^ ^ ^ — ^ .^^ 

of Ae Onndi : : _ . _"-.-:,::: ^ i. 

of England del :!>. l^leC: -i _. i 

widi liim at St _ " £ r i 

XlUBl its {dole - l_ .' IjS SCI iri. II 

preaeti^; 

Upo:! Mt : lining of Mr. 'Wliitefiel 7hia in 1763, 

SL Paol's opened wide its doon, as . :<f Fhila- 

de^iia, nam tlie Univeistv of Tez-i 7 :: — r r :- 
lor of Clnist dnnciu Bcr. Bie> 7 

kofTPver tte United Coiizr?r5"r: _:^- _ . _ ^:. 



€f 



Ca^itrtulD ^UcLC^tt at C^nsi C^ucc^ 



Peter "s, who. by their church wardens, signified that they were 
one and all desirous that Mr. "WTiitfield should be invited to 
speak in the churches. This request. Dr. 
Pie&dies t peters complied with after c-onsultation with 
Christ Clmrch, Dr. Duche, Mr. Sturgeon, the Governor and 
St, Peter's ^^jj^^ other friends of the church, "who were 
St. Paul's ^ unanimously of opmion. says Dr. Peters 
™ in a letter to Archbishop Seeker, of Oeto- 

ber 17. that such action ''might not only 
prevent dissatisfaction & a further disunion among the mem- 
bers, who might when displeased go over to Mr. McClenachan, 
but might really confirm those that belong to us & perhaps 
get us an increase. "*- 

This decided gain in spiritual vision was in happy relief to 
the narrowness and rancor of the preceding years. The 
leaven of St. Paul's was accomplishing its purpose. A de- 
parture had been made. St. Paul's, turned aside from the 
formalism of Christ Church, for example, where a somewhat 
lifeless service was conducted and where sittings were less 
than half filled, secured popular and convincing preachers, 
with the result that it was crowded to the doors with those 
who flocked to hear the word of God and the story of the 
Cross told with earnestness and simplicity. 

Some shadows there were in the early years of the new 

*« A conflict appears in the swtements of Dr. Peter* and Mr. Neil 
The former savs, under date of October 17, 1763: "Mr. ^Vhitlield 
preached four times in one or the other ehurehes" [Christ Churv.'h. and 
St. Peter's]. The latter writes, on October IS. 17ft4: "but the salutary 
admonitions of His Grace the Archbishop to the Bector of Christ Churv'h 
and St. Peter's has prevented his preaching at this time in either of 
them. ■ ' It is possible that ' ' the salutary admonitions * ' were His 
Grace's reply to Dr. Peters' letter. ^ Parry's "Papers Belating to the 
History of the Church in Pennsylvania, lt>Sl^l77S. ' * pp. 363. 393.) 

itr. "^Vhitfield died at Xewburyport, Massachusetts, September 30^ 
1770, aged fiftv-six vears. 



church. From October, 1777, to January, 1781, it had no 
regular minister; indeed, the Rev. William "White of Christ 
Church was the only Episcopal clergyman in Philadelphia. 
Nevertheless, the principles and policies, for which it had 
stood in the beginning, continued until after the pastorate of 
the Rev. Richard Newton, who was peculiarly successful in 
this regard, and St. Paul's reached its high-water mark of 
usefulness while he was rector. 

The Episcopal Church as an institution did not grow with 

the increase of population, as it should have done in this new 

country. After the Revolution the Church of England in 

America was, as an organization, considered 

Lack of Growth of ^^^^ According to Bishop Williams of 
Episcopal Church 

Connecticut, it was regarded as "a piece of 

heavy baggage which the British had left behind them, when 

they evacuated Philadelphia, New York and Boston," and 

John Marshall, afterwards Chief Justice of the Supreme 

Court of the United States, a churchman, thought the Church 

too far gone to be ever revived. 

Many churchmen reluctantly admit that, when peace was 
declared, the condition of the church was very discouraging, 
there being only about a hundred clergy in the land. It may 
seem strange that the church was not stronger, having been 
in the country over one hundred and seventy years. There 
were, however, four causes which accounted for this : first, 
the majority of the colonists were dissenters; second, there 
had been no bishops, and therefore no confirmations in the 
colonial church; third, because of the difficulty and danger 
attending ordination, many earnest young men entered the 
ministry of other religious bodies. A fourth reason as- 
signed was that there were so many drones in the Church. 

To these, two other contributory causes may be added : 
First, the attitude of condescension upon the part of many 

54 



Wita0on0 tot Eacfe of C5totot5 of ^WtC^ 



rectors towards a large portion of their congregations, an 
unsympathetic manner, based largely upon social position. 
The divine command was, ' ' Go into all the world, and preach 
Reasons for Lack *^^ Gospel to every creature, ' ' the cultivated 
of Growth of and uncultivated; whereas the church relied 
Church fQj. -^g strength upon the wealthy, the offi- 

cial and aristocratic classes. "Every creature," means the 
common people, the store keepers, farmers and mechanics. 
These were not taught to understand the church, its doctrines, 
discipline and worship, or did not have its mission presented 
to them in a way to bring them in large numbers within its 
fold. Second, high and low church factions in the Church, 
which pulled, and still pull from rather than towards unity 
of purpose and worship. No organization divided against 
itself succeeds. If these factions could compromise their dif- 
ferences, unite not divide, the Church would increase by 
leaps and bounds. They should also resolve that, in future, 
no rivalry in works of charity shall exist. That, ordinarily, 
this is a part of Church work and should be administered by 
the Church without waste of money or labor and not by out- 
side organizations. Then too, strong representative clergy- 
men of the various dioceses have time after time been ignored 
as unavailable material for bishops. The ecclesiastical ad- 
ministration of those selected under such conditions, unsup- 
ported by a strongly united church, has, necessarily, been a 
series of compromises which pleases none, and accomplishes 
little for the future well-being of the Church. Its policy 
and management from the standpoint of organization alone 
has always been hesitating and weak. 

The result therefore is, that this great historic church, with 
its splendid opportunity in America, has failed to propagate 
the faith "delivered to the Saints," and has 
Church ^ ^^^° failed to bring the Gospel overwhelm- 
ingly to the masses, as was its mission. In 
56 



^ifitoti^ of &t paur^ (Episcopal Cj^utcj^ 

1784, by the refusal of Lowth, Bishop of London, to ordain 
a few ministers for the missionary movement in the Church 
of England, under Rev. John Wesley, conducted in America 
by the Revs. Thomas Coke and Francis Asbury, it lost at 
least one hundred thousand members, its real bone and sinew, 
who formed the Methodist Episcopal Church, at a time the 
Church of England in America could ill afford to lose them. 

After the organization of the Methodist Church a con- 
ference was proposed by Bishop Coke to Bishops Seabury, 
White and Madison, on the hypothesis of a possible union of 
the two churches which included ordination of its ministers 
under proper mutual stipulation,*'* White replied, and 
Bishop Madison was in favor of it, but he was unable to con- 
vince White and Seabury. Thus the church lost the oppor- 
tunity of the century through the incapacity of the old bishops 
to comprehend new conditions. They had failed to profit 
by the former blunders of the Bishops of the Mother Church, 
by which the Church of England had lost respectively the 
Puritan, the Presbyterian, and the Quaker through their 
unbending strictness. Each one of these religious revivals 
constituted a new Church opposed to the establishment in 
America, but the experience of the past meant nothing to the 
bishops. In our time this folly has been repeated by the 
Church of England regarding the Salvation Army. It de- 
clined to help or recognize that organization until it had be- 
come so large that it was too late. 

Conservatism is right, but ultra conservatism, the failure 
to understand great opportunities and grasp them, does not 
tend to strengthen, build up or even maintain a church or- 
ganization, as a principle, it can be carried to the point of frit- 
tering away what ought to be natural growth and strength. 

Statistics show the result of this want of .policy : 

49 Beardsley 's ' ' Life of Seabury, ' ' p. 401. 

56 



In 1906 in the United States, the Methodist Church had 
17%o per cent., or six times the membership of the Episcopal 
Church : 

The Roman Catholic had 36yio per cent. 

e igious ^^^ Presbyterian 5%o per cent.- 

The Lutheran 6^10 per cent. 

The Disciples 3%o per cent. 

The Reformed lYio per cent. 

The Congregational 2yio per cent. 

The Episcopalian 2%o per cent. 

All others 6%o per cent. 

The Episcopal Church is almost at the end of the list. The 
American Church is small and her life meagre. Why did the 
church not spread ? It was planted at Jamestown, Virginia, in 
1607 and Virginia and Maryland was her stronghold. Massa- 
chusetts and Connecticut had the Congregationalists and Pres- 
byterians, Rhode Island the Baptists, while the Pennsylvania 
Colonists were principally Quakers.^'' These figures just 
quoted are significant. With them before it, ought not the 
Episcopal Church of America ask, whether its policies and 
administration have been and are not now wrong somewhere ? 
If so, be it men or measures, it is not time to find a remedy 
and make speedy application thereof? 

In the long run numbers not only count, but they spell 
progress and success. Much depends on the bishop ; he should 
not only be a Churchman of broad views, possessed of great 
knowledge, but have a commanding presence and real execu- 
tive ability, and, as Dr. McConnell says, ''have sustained en- 
thusiasm, the faculty of managing men, a genius for organi- 
zation, able to build up and develop his church as a mighty 

50 Anderson 's "Hist, of the English Church in the Colonies," vol. 1, 
p. 9'9. McConnell's "Hist, of the American Episcopal Church," pp. 11, 
12, 13. 

57 



ecclesiastical empire," along the lines of belief his church 
maintains and represents. 

It is a mere commonplace to say that our ancestors who at- 
tended St. Paul's led, as a rule, plain, simple and unpreten- 
tious lives. Family worship took place regularly each day 
before breakfast and just before retiring at night. Their 
religious life was extended throughout the week, and not con- 

_ ,. . ,., , fined to the services in the church on Sun- 
Religious Life of 

St. Paul's day. They were moral in their conduct. 
Parishioners Justice to them presented no difficulties. A 
man or a woman either had, or had not, broken the law, 
whether mala in se or mala prohibita only. If they had, they 
should be punished severely. Temptation, hardship, or ex- 
tenuating circumstances they regarded as mere excuses of the 
weak and criminal not worthy of consideration. Before each 
meal grace was reverently said, and if omitted, the rector of 
St. Paul's would likely hear of it because it was apt to cause 
remark, if not scandal. Business honor, honesty and sobriety 
were high. A man paid his debts, if he failed to do so he 
could be imprisoned until as late as 1842, and he lost caste 
and position. All of his property was liable for his debts, 
as no exemption of $300 existed until 1849. Philadelphia 
in 1770 had less population than Chester, Pennsylvania, has 
to-day. Every one knew everyone else and their business and 
resources, and most people were frugal and industrious and 
lived within their means without trying to outshine their 
neighbors and friends. The father and mother of the family 

were not only honored and respected by 
Respect to 
Parents their children, but they obeyed them implic- 

not Empty itly. The commandment * ' Honor thy Father 
ormu a ^^^ ^^^ Mother, that thy days maj^ be long 

upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee," was un- 
derstood not as an empty formula but to mean what it said. 

58 



HXt^ptct to ^aunt0 



The father came home about noon for his dinner which, as 
a rule, cooked by his wife, was good and wholesome, although 
the statute books at that period were without any pure food 
legislation. 

Sunday was observed strictly and no unnecessary work per- 
mitted. The parlor windows were kept bowed, which ex- 
cluded the sunlight and fresh air from its inmates and the 
horse-hair furniture, and created what was then considered 
the proper religious atmosphere. 

This however was but the strictness of sober custom, un- 
regulated by law as in early Massachusetts, when it was for- 
bidden to run or walk on the Sabbath day except reverently 
to meeting, to sweep the house, to cook, or for a man to shave, 
or for a woman under penalty of imprisonment to wear cloth- 
ing beyond her station in life.^^ 

The mid-day meal was cooked on Saturday. Whether it 

consisted of chicken, beef, veal, mutton, lamb, ham, quail, 

wild duck or pheasants, it was served cold after returning 

„. ,. .^ from church. The only deviation was pota- 

Simphcity "^ ^ 

of toes, or perhaps peas or lima beans in season, 

Home-life which were all boiled together in one large 
iron pot with three short legs, hanging upon the crane in the 
large open fireplace over blazing oak or hickory logs. The 
potatoes were put in the pot first, then the beans and peas in 
separate cotton bags securely tied, so as to keep them sep- 
arate. If a guest were expected, an extra potato or so was 
added, and, in the language of the day, his or her name "was 
in the pot." 

To the younger members of the family, by reason of its 
strict observance, Sunday was a day of unusual gloom. They 

51 General Laws of Mass., 1640, printed at Cambridge, 1660, pp. 3, 6, 
9-26. The same, revised by Samuel Green, Cambridge, 1672. Laws of 
Connecticut, Hartford, 1672, pp. 21, 28, 37. JSTeals and Hutchinson's 
"Digests of Ordinances of New England." 

69 



^i0toti9 ot &t paur-sf (Episcopal Cj^urcj^ 

repeated a portion of the Catechism, or of a chapter of the 

Bible before breakfast and some more of it before supper 

and all of it before going to bed. In point of fact they were 

instructed as Moses taught the children of Israel to regard 

the commandments ''when thou sittest in thine house, and 

when thou walkest by the way and when thou liest down and 

when thou risest up." Scripture was applied literally in 

those days. Saturday night they were asked if they knew 

their Sunday School lessons. They were also expected to 

take a bath, get out their best clothes, and blacken their shoes 

so as to be ready for Sunday. The bath was taken in a wash 

tub and the water came from the pump. Bathrooms did not 

commence to appear in Philadelphia houses until about 1840. 

Sunday School commenced at nine o'clock 
Observance 

of and lasted until 10:15. At 10:30 they at- 

Sunday tended church service which lasted until 

12:30 o'clock, at least. Then home to dinner and just before 
dessert appeared, which they disliked particularly to be de- 
prived of, they were hurried back to Sunday School for the 
afternoon session at two o'clock which lasted until church 
service began. During Doctor Richard Newton's rectorship, 
Sunday School was omitted on the third Sunday of each 
month, which was the occasion of the children's sermon, for 
which he was so famous, and which was part of the regular 
service of the Church. 

The elder members of the family frequently attended serv- 
ice in the evening. If it so happened that there was no 
service at St. Paul's, or if some minister was to preach whom 
they did not care to hear, it being not unusual at that time 
for rectors to exchange pulpits, they attended the service of 
the First Presbyterian Church to hear Rev. Doctor Albert 
Barnes, or the Reverend George Cookman of the Methodist 
Church, or the Reverend John Chambers of the Presbyterian 

60 



jSDbsfetbancf ot Sundan 



Church, or other great pulpit orators of the time, while the 

children, worn out with the religious observance of the day, 

went gladly to bed. 

Sunday was the great day of the week. To a considerable 

extent the church was the social center. Strict churchmen 

were not wont to attend the theatre. The times and system 

_ , , . of religion were strict, but it produced a 

God-feanng ^ 

Men and strong, rugged, honest, capable, God-fearing 

Women p^^g ^f jj^gji and women, who thought that 

plain living and high thinking were more important than 
money; that mere social position, prestige and pleasure was 
not worth the sacrifice of the solid and substantial things of 
life. 

It was quite customary for the principal families of the 

congregation to own their pews. Philadelphians regarded it 

as not quite respectable to occupy a rented house or a rented 

pew; hence those who could afford it owned 

Ownership ^^^ houses in which they lived and the pews 
of Pews 

they occupied in church. Originally the 

latter were bought outright and insured the owner per- 
manence of location as well as the right of burial in the 
Church. Each owner had his name on a silver plate on the 
pew door and paid an annual pew rent smaller in amount 
than those who rented. 

Subject to the approval of the vestry the owner could rent 
or sell. On March 3, 1835, Richard Rowley sold his pew, 
numbered fifteen in the middle aisle, to William Cummings, 
grandfather of the writer, for one hundred and eighty dollars. 
In England each parish church had certain pews which be- 
longed to the various nobility and landed gentry by grant from 
the ordinary or church wardens, or by prescription, and which, 
always reserved for their use, passed under the law to the 
heir with the land as appurtenant to the dwelling house. 

61 



Deed for William Cummings Family Pew, 1835. 



####««##«###«##«^#######y«^.M'###.#«######«««««#'# 



I 



ST. PAUL'S CHURCH. 



53 



^ii$i ^<S<ttf5 ^^rftfB that -J^a/c^i^ /3-cA-il^ 
hming jMMi ttlAtf Btelar^OatAWfTinK «>ul Fulrymai of St. f aufcCkurcA, , 
imOuatfof Pkaadtlphia,tkt $im 0/^^^ a1c^»l0^<^^^ ^x^<f^^ aC^^ 
DoUan, (being ikt whole purehut mmiey thtrtof) i$ entitUi in ahtolute ou>ner$hip 

to — tkt Pew imm*«Te(!^'^^i:«-«<^ in the taid Church, 

tultjeet to ihi termt and eonditioru 0/ $ah, and la the by-lawi 0/ the $aid corpora- 
tion, made and to be made pur$utnt to their charter. Trane/erabh with tht eon- 
tent 0/ the Teilry only. 

WmVeSS the nal of tht eorperalion at Fkiladtlphia, thiiyi^itt^^f 
daf oftS^^t'»**<-^'*^t, • JtKM Ihnmxx oat thovMtnd eight kandrtd and <Airly^«e. 



^!^^^ c^^aa^ 




^a*.fi^ 






rffc/wKr^rsr 



53 William Spohn Baker married, May 12, 1853, Eliza Downing, 
daughter of Richard and Jane Bartleson Rowley, their daughter Laura 
married Henry Whelen, Jr., of Philadelphia. {Fenna. Mag. of Hist, and 
Biog., vol. 22, p. 6.) 

54 John Farr, Chemist, Powers & Weightman's. J. D. George, father 
of Henry George, the single tax advocate. 

62 



flDtonergfliip of petosf 



The pew in England, Massachusetts and Connecticut is real 
estate, in Pennsylvania however pews are held personal prop- 
erty as to devolution, although strictly speaking an interest 
in real estate.^^ 

At St. Paul's, from the family pews and other sittings, a 
succession of happy groups passed singly on to the great be- 
yond, while eighteen rectors came and went, the measure of 
whose rectorates is largely the history of the parish from 1760 
to 1898. The story of these godly men, these sometimes bril- 
liant and sometimes lesser lights of the church, is of more 
than parochial interest from the fact that, it is in part the his- 
tory of the intrusion of the Church of England into Penn's 
"Holy Experiment," with the subsequent 
Contribution result of the formation of the American 
*o Protestant Episcopal Church, to which, as 

American ^^^^ ^^ ^° *^^ general religious life and up- 

Episcopal lift of Philadelphia, St. Paul's clergy and 
Church people contributed no small part from the 

time of the adoption of her articles of agreement. 

In this connection, the eloquent words of the Rev. Richard 
Newton, D.D., at the Centennial Anniversary of St. Paul's, 
November 4, 1860, are particularly apposite : 

52 Church V. Wells Executors, 24 Penna. State Eeports, 251 (1855); 
Commonwealth v. St. Mary's Church, C. B. & R. (Pa.) 508; State v. 
Trinity Church, 45 New Jersey Laws, 230; Bess, Pres III Crabb R. P. 
1481, Baum Church Laws. The churches in America having no relation 
to the state are considered merely as voluntary religious congregations 
and are each governed by rules of their own and not by the general laws 
of the state. But since there must be supreme authority somewhere to 
preside over all interests and that authority must be the state, it must 
necessarily exercise its control sometimes even in matters pertaining to 
the church. In such cases it generally takes the laws and customs of the 
church as its guide, just as between individuals it takes their contracts 
and usages, and only for want of them resorts to the general laws and 
customs of the land. So it must be in relation to pews in a church. — 
Mr. Justice Lowrie in Church v. Wells, supra. 

63 



^i^tovTS of &t. paur^ episcopal CJutc^ 

" It is now one hundred years ago since the cornerstone of this 
sacred edifice was laid. Those who took part in the interesting and 
solemn exercises of that day, have all long since passed away. The 
generation which took their places has followed them to their last 
resting place. But still our ' Hill of Zion ' stands. 

" This ' holy and beautiful house ' in which our fathers worshipped, 

is yet filled with living worshippers. The voice of prayer and praise 

is still heard within these hallowed walls, and the 

trumpet of the Gospel still gives the certain 

sound here, which, for a century past, it has 

always been wont to give. 

" What mingling emotions crowd in upon the mind as we stand 
here this morning, and look back in imagination over the century 
that has passed away. What widening circles of influence for good 
have gone out from this church. What solemn impressions have 
been produced here. What good resolutions have been formed here. 
What restraining power has been exerted here. What seeds of quick- 
ing truth have here been sowed. What doubts have here been re- 
lieved. What darkness has here been dispelled. What unbelief has 
here been overcome. What rebellious wills have here been subdued. 
What bitter tears have here been wiped away. What loads of crush- 
ing anguish have been lifted off. What broken hearts have been 
bound up. What comfort and consolation have been imparted to 
God's tempted and sorrowing children. What hungry souls have 
been fed with the bread which cometh down from heaven. What 
thirsty souls have been here made to drink of the water of life 
freely. What naked souls have here been clothed with the garments 
of salvation. In a word, what multitudes of souls have been born 
again, and made meet for the inheritance of the saints in light, 

" And as we dwell on these interesting circumstances, may we not 
with propi'iety take up the language of the text and say, in refer- 
ences to the saving influences which have emanated from this sanc- 
tuary during the century past, Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, 
hath God shined." 

Rectors of St. Paul's Church. 

Rev. William McClenachan, June 22, 1760, to October, 1765. 

Rev. Hugh Neill, officiated December, 1765, to December, 

1766. 

Rev. William Stringer, officiated August, 1768, to May, 1773 ; 

Rector May, 1773, to October, 1777. 

64 



aeirctorgisipis 



Rev. Samuel Magaw, D.D., January, 1781, to February 15, 

1804. 
Rev. Joseph Pilmore, Assistant, January, 1786, to February, 

1794. Rector March, 1804, to February 8, 1821. 

Rev. Benjamin Allen, Jr., August 27, 1821, 
to January, 1829. 
Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, D.D., May 4, 1829, to October, 1833. 
Rev. Samuel A. McCoskry, D.D., June, 1834, to June, 1836. 
Rev. James May, D.D., October, 1836, to May, 1840. 
Rev. Richard Newton, D.D., November, 1840, to April 16, 

1862. 
Rev. Kingston Goddard, D.D., 1862 to 1866. 
Rev. R. Heber Newton, February 18, 1866, to December 9, 

1868. 
Rev. Robert T. Roche, D.D., October 8, 1869, to October 1, 

1872. 
Rev. Samuel H. Boyer, D.D., February 4, 1873, to 1879. 
Rev. William Adamson, 1879 to 1886. 
Rev. Thomas Kittera Conrad, D.D., October, 1886, to May 28, 

1893. 
Rev. Charles Ellis Stevens, D.D., November 13, 1893, to De- 
cember 16, 1894. 
Rev. William McGarvey, D.D., June 1, 1897, to October 1, 

1898. 




65 




THE RECTORSHIP OF MR. McOLENACHAN 
1760-1765 

^^^g^HE Rev. William McClenachan, son of James Mc- 
/ ^ I Clenaehan by his wife Janet Buchanan, was born 
Mil in county Armagh, Ireland, about 1710. In 1734, 
^^^^f as a Presbyterian clergyman he was settled at 
Georgetown, Maine, and there officiated until 
1744,^ when he removed to Chelsea, Massachusetts. In 1745-6, 
he was chaplain of General Waldo's command in the expedi- 
tion against Louisburg.^ Becoming a member of the Church 

1 Greenleaf 's ' ' Sketches of the Ecclesiastical History of Maine, ' ' pp. 
75-6; "Portland in the Past," p. 210. 

2 Of him, in this relation, the Boston Post Boy of Monday, February 
16, 1746, says in part: "Boston. On the eighth instant, arrived here 
from Annapolis Koyal, the Rev. Mr. Wm. McClenachan, Chaplain to 
Brigadier General Waldo 's Regiment, who contradicts the common report 
we have had in town of the death of several officers and many of our 
soldiers at Annapolis; but informs us of the death of Lieut. Spencer 
Phipps, son of his Honor, our Lieut. Governor, . . . that all the rest of 
the officers belonging to Brigadier-General Waldo's Regiment are alive 
and well; and but few of the private soldiers dead. That our forces 
marched from Annapolis Royal to Minas the beginning of last December, 
and were received in the most affectionate manner; and that the inhabi- 
tants of that place provided plentifully for them. That Mons. Ramzay 
with a small number of French and Indians, being much affrighted, 
fled from Minas as soon as he heard of the arrival of our forces at 
Annapolis. That all our army at Minas are healthy, .... That Colonel 
Noble, who is Commander in Chief of that detachment, has determined 
to pursue the Monsieur, and will doubtless soon . . . prevent his return 

66 



Kectot0|)tp ot SS^t* Q^cCItnacfian 



of England at Boston, he was, on the recommendation of Gov- 
ernor Shirley, ordained deacon and priest in London, in 1755. 
Appointed missionary by the venerable Society for the Propa- 
gation of the Gospel, he returned to Georgetown, where he had 
already married Anne, daughter of Captain Patrick Drum- 
mond of that place, by his first wife Ann Bell. She died in 
February, 1767. There he remained from May, 1756, to 
December, 1758, when he went to a Mission in Virginia, leav- 
ing his family in New England. It was on his way back from 
Virginia to remove his family there, that he preached at 
Christ Church and made the impression which resulted in his 
remaining in Philadelphia, first as third assistant at Christ 
Church, his salary being paid by private subscription, and 
later as rector of St. Paul's. 

His brother, Blair McClenachan,^ already- a resident of 
Philadelphia, later became one of the city's most opulent 

to Canada." See also Collections of the Maine Historical Society, voL 
vi, pp. 132-3; "Fort Louisburg, " by Louis Barcroft Eunk, vol. iv 
Society of Colonial Wars in Penna., 1911, pp. 1-34. 

3 Blair McClenachan, like Robert Morris, was a liberal contributor 
to the cause of Independence. In 1780 he contributed £10,000 to the- 
Pennsylvania Bank, organized to supply the starving army with pro- 
visions, and otherwise supported Congress with his means and credit. 
One of the founders of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry, he 
Crossed the Delaware with Washington and that organization, and was 
with it at Trenton, Princeton and Brandywine. When Washington 
came to Philadelphia in 1787 to attend the Federal Convention, his 
Diary tells that, on Sunday, August 19, he "visited Mr. Blair Mc- 
Clenegan," who was then residing at Cliveden, the Chew House, 
at Germantown, which in September, 1779, he had purchased from 
Benjamin Chew. He retained possession until April, 1797, when he 
reconveyed it to Judge Chew. Towards the close of the Revolution he 
entered prominently into all the political movements of the time. After- 
the war, he was still more prominent; was a member of the Pennsylvania 
Assembly, 1790-1795; president of the Democratic Society in 1794 and! 
member of Congress, 1797-1799. Disastrous financial reverses foUowecJ 
various speculative enterprises, and, like Robert Morris, he spent some 
time in the debtor's prison. He married, August 17, 1762, Ana 
Darrach of Germantown, by whom he had: 1. Deborah McClenachan, 

67 



^i^tot^f ot &t paur-ei (Episcopal C|^urc|^ 

merchants and distinguished citizens. He died May 8, 1812, 
and was buried in his vault at St. Paul's. It is more than 
possible that he was a contributing cause to the settlement of 
his reverend brother in Philadelphia. 

In his letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury, written 
shortly after the formation of St. Paul's, William McClen- 
achan gives the story of his life and labors to the time of writ- 
ing much more succinctly than could otherwise be done after 
the lapse of years. He says : 

"May it Please your Grace: 

" I here present you with a brief Narrative of my Conduct and 
Circumstances, since I entered the Gospel Ministry in the Church of 
England; with a brief and honest Account of the State of Religion 
in the Plantations, so far as I have been acquainted with it. 



born June 4, 1763, married April 11, 1781, General Walter Stewart, 
•whose descendants are carried down to the present time, through their 
•child, Anne, who married Philip Church of New York. General Stew- 
.art had the following children: William Stewart, born December 27, 
1781, was christened by Eev. Dr. White. His godfathers were General 
Washington and J. M. Nesbitt, Esq. His godmother was Mrs. Hayfield 
•Conyngham. Lost at sea, summer of 1808. Bobert, born February 14, 
1784. Uncle Adam Stewart and Alexander Nesbitt, godfathers. Miss 
Patty McClenachan, godmother. Christened by Rev. Dr. White. Died 
April 1&, 1906, Canton, China. Anne, born in Londonderry, Ireland, 
July 22, 1786, married Philip Church. Walter, born in London, July 6, 
1787; died 1807, at Fort Alajon, near Gibraltar. Henry, born December 
27, 1788. Christened by Eev. Dr. White. Died 1823 in Mexico. Mary 
Ann, their sixth child, born March 3, 1791. Christened by Rev. Dr. 
White. Died August 25, 1844, in Philadelphia. Caroline, their seventh 
child, was born May 5, 1794. Christened by the Rev. Dr. White. De- 
parted this life, December 4, 1795, of a dropsy on her brain. Was 
interred in St. Paul's Church burial ground, December 5. Service read 
by Bishop White. Washington, their eighth child, born August 24, 
1796, at 2 P. M., two months and ten days after his father 's decease, died 
April, 1826, at Coquimbo, South America. The father of the above 
children died of a bilious fever, June 14, 1796, and was interred in St. 
Paul's Burial ground, June 16. Service was read by Bishop White 
(Penna. Mag. Hist, and Biog., vol. 22, p. 382). 

2. Martha MeClenahan, married John HasseU Huston and had issue, of 
vhom Mary Huston married Henry Toland, q. v. 

68 



Witctot0^ip ot 9^u St^cCUnacliatt 



" In the year 1755, I went to London for holy Orders, well recom- 
mended by [to] many Persons of Distinction, among whom your 
Lordship was one. I had the Pleasure of being kindly received, by 
many dignified Clergy of our Church. I was ordained Deacon and 
Priest, in about a Month after my Arrival, and was appointed an 
itinerant Missionary on the Eastern Frontiers of the Massachusetts 
Bay in New England. The Spring Ships bound for [New] Eng- 
land sailed, before I was ready to take Passage in one of them; by 
which means I was detained about four Months in London. Un- 
willing to spend my time idly and St. Ann's Church in Lyme house, 
wanting a Minister, I cheerfully undertook the Duty; and (blessed 
be God) I labored not unsuccessfully. And I was warmly invited 
to continue there. But the poor Inhabitants of the Eastern Fron- 
tiers in New England wanted me more, and I thought had a better 
Title to me; for which Reason I declined settling in that amiable 
Church, where Ease, Pleasure, and Profit would have been my Por- 
tion; and chose rather, for a Time, to preach the Gospel to the Poor 
in the Wilderness, where I knew Dangers and Difficulties would 
await and surround me. During my stay in London, I preached in 
sixteen Churches and the Rev'd Dr. Beareroft without my Request 
certified that my Behaviour in London was worthy the good Char- 
acter transmitted from New England. 

" I embarked at Gravesend the 8th of August, and arrived at 
Boston the 10th of October following. 

" I did not think it safe to move my wife and Eight Children, on 
the Eve of Winter, to the Wilderness, especially as there was 
no Place prepared by the People for my Reception. I therefore 
brought my family to Boston and wintered there. During this 
Time, I was not forgetful, nor negligent of my Duty as a Clergy- 
man of the Church of England; I preached at Stoughton, Needham, 
Watertown and Woburn. These Places enjoyed not the public Wor- 
ship of God according to our Liturgy; I hope my Labours were not 
entirely lost in those Places. I was the first Church of England 
Clergyman that had ever preached in Watertown ; and without Van- 
ity, I may say, that I was the Instrument of opening up to the 
People there the Excellency of our Church Service and bringing them 
to be Members of the Church of England. I laid the Foundation; 
may God enable the Gentleman that is now settled there faithfully 
and successfully to do his Duty. 

"As early as I could with Safety, I embarked for Kennebec; 
where I was kindly received by the poor Inhabitants; and to their 
Service I entirely devoted myself. I preached twice every Sunday, 

69 



and frequently on Week Days. I travelled among the People, visit- 
ing them and baptizing their Children, and doing them every good 
Office in my Power. The War with the French and Indians becom- 
ing very hot, I lived in an old dismantled Fort without Arms, Am- 
munition or Soldiers; and there was not an English Inhabitant on 
the Western Side of Kennebeck River between me and Quebec.^* 

" In this Dangerous Situation I continued, travelling not less than 
1000 or 1200 Miles eveiy Year in the Discharge of my sacred Func- 
tion. I was allowed £50 Stirling annually from the Society: A 
great Part of this Sum I was obliged to spend in maintaining the 
Men who rowed me from Place to Place; the Remainder was in no 
Ways sufficient [to] support my Family. I frequently wrote to' the 
Rev.d Dr. Bearcroft, and begged that my difficult and dangerous 
Circumstances might be laid before the Society. I received several 
Letters from the Doctor, but no encouragement of being appointed 
to any other Place. At length, almost worn out with Fatigue, and 
myself and Family being daily in Jeopardy of being killed or capti- 
vated by the cruel Enemy, I resolved to take a Tour to the South- 
ward, and see what Providence would do for me. I took a Passage 
to Virginia and there being many vacant Parishes, I was soon 
apiDointed to one, where I performed I believe to the Satisfac- 
tion of the People. I found I might be provided for in that Colony, 
and had a Prospect of doing Service; and therefore thought it my 
duty to hasten to the northward, to deliver my Family from the 
Danger of the Common Enemy. I must here beg Leave to inform 
your Grace that I received no Sum of Money from the Church where 
I preached, to enable me to bring my Family to that Part, nor even 
Pay for the Time I served them in the Sacred Office. . . . 

" On my Journey to New England, I arrived at the oppulent City 
of Philadelphia, where I paid my Compliments to the Rev'd Dr. 
Jenney, Minister of Chi-ist Church in that City, and to the Rev'd Mr, 
Sturgeon, Catechist to the Negroes. The Doctor for a long Time 
has been incapable of doing Duty in the Church; and at that Time 
Mr. Sturgeon happened to be indisposed and incapable of doing 
Duty. I was invited by the Doctor and Mr. Sturgeon to preach. 



3a In 1756, et seq., Samuel Goodwin commanded a militia force on the 
Kennebec. His Journal of that year mentions the detaching of a guard, 
in October, to accompany Mr. McClenachan on various of his preaching 
tours to Georgetown, Eichmond and elsewhere on the Kennebec. Also 
an accident to his eldest son John McClenachan, in the Exeter Eiver, 
which resulted in his death. Collections of Maine Historical Society, 
vol. 24, p. 66, etc. 

70 



Wiectot&^ip ot 9^t, Q^cClfnac^an 



and I accordingly preached fore and Afternoon, for which I re- 
ceived the Thanks of these Gentlemen. I intended the Tuesday fol- 
lowing to have pushed on my Journey but was persuaded to spend 
another Sunday with them. According I preached fore and After- 
noon again, and Mr, Sturgeon read Prayers. On Monday several 
of the Congregation paid me a Visit, and expressed their very warm 
Desires, that I should continue for some Time to preach and per- 
form the other Duties of my Function, on Probation, with a View to 
settle with them; to which I consented, and proceeded according 
to an Act of Vestry in my Favour. The 19th of June the Vestry 
again met, and with the Advice of the Congregation elected, settled, 
established and confirmed me an Assistant Minister to the Rev'd Dr. 
Jenney, and voted to address his Lordship the Bishop of London for 
his Licence to me to this Church, so being I produced good Testi- 
monials of my moral and religious Life in the Places where I had 
lived. I produced ample Testimonials of my Christian Behaviour 
from the People among whom I had laboured in the Society's 
Service, and from many Gentlemen of Distinction, both of the 
Church and Presbyterians, who had been acquainted with me for 
many Years. These Credentials I laid before the Vestry, who 
unanimously approved of them, and accordingly wrote a Letter to 
the Bishop of London for me. I likewise wrote a letter to his Lord- 
ship, and to Dr. Bearcroft, and I doubted not of being favoured with 
a Licence. But alas! While I thought all was well and had no mis- 
trust of any Plot or Design against me, then were the crafty em- 
ployed, in contriving Means to dissuade his Lordship from sending 
me his License. . . . The good Bishop had not thought proper to 
answer the honest Letter sent to him by the honest Vestry regularly 
assembled, nor to my Letter'. . . . However, the one Party is fa- 
voured, and their Request granted, and the other despised and con- 
demned without a hearing. His Lordship's Letter discharges all 
People from giving any Encouragement to me to live in any Part 
of this Province, and charges them to assist in moving me to Vir- 
ginia. But before this extraordinary Letter arrived, Dr. Jenney, 
and a Majority of his Vestry, assembled, in three Hours from the 
Time the Warning was given and dismissed me; declaring that they 
were well assured that his Lordship's Letter would be to the same 
Purpose. . . . 

" One door has been shut against me ; God has opened another. 
I was dismissed by the Doctor and Vestry, in Manner aforesaid, on 
Wednesday; the Bishop's Letter arrived the Saturday following; 
and I read Prayers and preached at the State-House on Sunday, to 

71 



^i0tot^ of &t paurgi (Bpi0topal C8urc5 

above, perhaps Five Thousand Hearers. The Benefit of assembling, 
in this spacious Building, for the public Worship of God, we shall 
enjoy, till the Church be built, which will be with all possible 
Expedition. 

" For this Blow at Christian Liberty makes all good Men Pity 
and help us. This alas! will render Prelacy contemptible in this 
Part of the World. For a free People will ever esteem it their Privi- 
lege, to choose their own Minister; a Right, which they in the Plan- 
tations will not care to give up. Let not my Lord imagine, that I 
write thus through disregard to our Church. God forbid. I am 
grieved at my very Soul, that our holy Church, by such unwarrant- 
able Procedure, is thus wounded. Let none imagine, that we are 
about to erect a Church separate from the Church of England. 
No; we shall strictly adhere to her Liturgy, Doctrines and Discipline. 

" Thus I have informed your Grace of my Conduct and Circum- 
stances from my entering into the sacerdotal Office of this Day. 

" Your Grace fills the highest Office in the Christian Church, and 
you are able and likely to do the most good. I have no View but 
the Enlargement of my Lord and Master's Kingdom; this, by his 
Grace, I shall labor. 

" My highest Ambition is and ever shall be, to win Souls to 
Christ, I therefore seek Refuge and Protection in your Grace, from 
that Contempt and Rage to which I am exposed, and which I have 
nndergone, for preaching faithfully the Doctrines of our holy 
Church. ... " Your Grace's dutiful Son 

" and most obedient Servant, 

" Wm. Macclanechan." 

So began his charge of St. Paul's, which, after five years 
of service, he resigned because of failing health, doubtless 
engendered by the hardship of his missionary life on the 
Kennebec. He removed to Worcester County, Maryland, in 
1765, and was the rector of St. Martin's Church until his death 
in 1766. He had several children, who became the progeni- 
tors of many well-known Philadelphians, some of whom are 
recorded in Keith's Provincial Councillors.* 

4 His daughter Isabella, born June, 1746; died August 20, 1815, mar- 
ried August 20, 1766, Thomas Robins, only child of Thomas and Leah 
(Whalley) Robins, who was born at South Point, Worcester County, Mary- 

72 



Wiettot^^ip ot 9^t. !St^cCIrnac|^an 



Like Whitefield, whom Lord Chesterfield pronounced the 
most eloquent man he had ever heard, he was preeminently a 
preacher, and St. Paul 's was a sympathetic congregation. He 
always preached three times on the Lord 's day. He favored a 
strict interpretation of the doctrines of the Thirty-Nine Ar- 
ticles ; insisted that the surplice should not be worn at the com- 
munion table, and, according to Dr. Johnson, President of King's 
College, * * affects to act a part like Whitefield, ' ' which in the lan- 
guage of today means no more than that he was of the low 
church party. Earnest, eloquent, learned, simple and direct, 
an animating spirit without a trace of animosity, he was also 
a man of singular courage as is to be learned from Governor 
Shirley's recommendation. He was never charged as some 
* * Churchmen were with being cold when their neighbors were 
at a white heat, or as the exponent of the hard and narrow 
churchmanship of the Tory School." He realized that in- 
fidelity prevailed and Christianity was reduced to its lowest 
level, and he did his utmost to counteract these conditions in 
that broader spirit which made it a direct appeal and more 
human. He preached faith in God, hope in his salvation and 
charity to all mankind. His faith was Catholic, his preaching 
evangelistic, his practice not far removed from that of Wil- 
liam White, the revered first Bishop of Pennsylvania, whose 
attention to the ministry was, it is asserted, the result of a 
sermon of Mr. Whitefield 's. 

As illustrative of the churchmanship of that time the words 
of Bishop Stevens in his memorial sermon **Then and Now," 

land, January 8, 1740. Their son, Edward Kobins, the great-grand- 
father of Edward Robins, of Philadelphia, a councillor of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania and secretary of the University of Pennsylvania, 
born at South Point, December 23, 1769, was a member of the Maryland 
Legislature and died August 23, 1867, leaving, among others, a son, 
Thomas Eobins, who was president of the Philadelphia National Bank 
and one of the founders of St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, on Eighth 
Street above Spruce Street. 

73 



^motjf ot &t pauriES CpigJcopal C^utc^ 



delivered in Christ Church on the centennial of Bishop 
White's ordination to the diaconate, are most pertinent. 

"Bishop White never bowed at the name of Jesus in the ci'eed, 
and even wrote two articles in defence of his not doing so. . . . 
He never turned to the east to say the creed or the Gloria Patri. 
He never preached in a surplice, but always when not engaged in 
Episcopal duties was in the black gown. He never required the 
people to rise up as he entered the church and at the close of the 
service to remain standing in their pews until he left the chancel. 
He never asked the congregation to stand up while he placed the 
alms-basins, with the offertory on the Lord's table, or notified the 
communicants to continue in their places, after the benediction, 
until the clergy had reverently ate and drank what remained of the 
consecrated bread and wine. ... He magnified his office, not by 
arrogant claims or by extolling unduly its sacred functions, but by a 
loving discharge of its duties under the eye of God, in the humility 
of a servant and with the fidelity of an Apostle." 

In this manner was the service performed at St. Paul's 
during Mr. McClenachan's incumbency and as late as 1886. 
Dr. McConnell says, ''The Church's theory was catholic, her 
methods were denominational." The older people at St. 
Paul 's did not bow in the creed and the black gown of Geneva 
was always worn in the pulpit.^ The altar was called the 
communion table. Its communicants were strenuously op- 
posed to "an advanced ritual," or what was called ''high 
church practices" and adhered strictly to simplicity of faith 
and practice. The Kev. Richard Newton, one of St. Paul's 
most eminent rectors, said: "What are ordinarily known as 
evangelical truths or the doctrines of grace, are those which 
have always been preached here. This pulpit has ever pro- 
claimed man's utterly ruined and helpless condition by 
nature ; the absolute necessity of the conversion, or new birth 
of each individual soul in order to its salvation; God's Holy 

5 The Churchman, vol. vi, p. 1046. John 's ' ' Life of Bishop Meade, ' ' 
pp. 240-1. 

74 



llSiectot0^ip ot 9^t* Sl^cCIenacfian 



Spirit as the agent, and the truth of His revealed "Word, and 
not the Sacraments of the Church, as the chief instrument, 
divinely appointed for effecting this great change; an open 
Bible alone as man's all sufficient guide in reference to spiri- 
tual things, the right of private judgment in the interpreta- 
tion of Scripture 'So that whatsoever is not read therein, nor 
be proved thereby, is not to be required of any man, that it 
should be believed as an article of faith, or be thought neces- 
sary to salvation by whomsoever the same may be authorized 
and enjoined; the entire freeness of the Gospel, and the full, 
perfect and sufficient efficacy of the sacrifice of Christ for the 
sins of the whole world; and yet the absolute sovereignty of 
God in the dispensing of his grace to men, so that salvation in 
its ultimate attainment is not of him that willeth, nor of him 
that winneth, but of God who sheweth mercy;' these have 
been the type of doctrine always preached in this church." 

The vacancy created by Mr. McClenachan was not easy to 
fill. By a resolution of the vestry of October 6, 1762, the 
Rev. William Romaine, author of ''The Life, Walk and 
Triumph of Faith," was appointed assistant minister. He 
was recommended by the Rev. George Whitefield for the 
vacancy that had now occurred, but Mr. Romaine had just 
entered upon his duties at St. Ann's Blackfriars, London, 
when the call reached him and he declined it because of that 
fact. 

There were but few clergy of the Episcopal Church in 
America, and these had been duly licensed to the various ap- 
pointments they then held. The Stamp Act and the Quarter- 
ing Act had brought strained relations to the Mother Country 
and her Colonies. The political opposition engendered by 
the former had infused itself into the Church, which its 
fourth convention held at Shrewsbury, New Jersey, in 1765, 
served to emphasize, since if it did not declare for an Amer- 

75 



— I 

ican Church, at least considered the advisability of such es- 
tablishment. St. Paul's attitude was independent. Mr. Mc- 
Clenachan had not been licensed by the Bishop of London, 
nor endorsed by the Metropolitan. Its articles of agreement 
delegated the choice of his successors to the ballot of the con- 
gregation, and it strove to hold fast to the right of presenta- 
tion. On these points, the letters of the Rev. Dr. "William 
Smith to the Bishop of London are enlightening. Under date 
of November 13, 1766, he says: 

" Mr. Maeclenachan's or St. Paul's Congregation in this City I 
believe will now at last write to your Lordship. ... I know they 
will make strong professions of their attachment to the Church as 
they do to us here. They will complain that the Missionaries (who 
indeed are but thin here and have Business enough of their own) 
do not supply them. But while their conduct contradicts their 
professions, while they look only to Mr. Whitefield to send them a 
Minister and want our Clergy to be Convenient Instruments to keep 
them together till they can have a Minister of this stamp to divide 
and tear us to pieces, I cannot think we owe them any Service. 
They will even profess to your Lordship that they will have no 
Minister without your License; but they will try their Minister 
first and if they like him then they will ask a Licence. If your 
Lordship gives it all will be well; if you refuse it for reasons they 
do not think sufficient what will they do then'? I have asked them 
the question and they say, would not give their man up, which was 
the case with Mr. Macelenachan whom they kept tho' refused a 
Licence. . . . 

"I think after all they will not ask your Lordship to provide a 
minister for them but will still look to the old Quarter tho' I hope 
I may be deceived and shall be glad to find it so. They are now 
neither numerous nor of much Note but are still worthy to be 
brought into the Bosom of our Church if it can be done. Those 
among them who were true Churchmen have generally fallen off. 
The rest are a mixt sort chiefly for an independent Church of Eng- 
land — a strange sort of Church indeed! But the Notion gains too 
much Ground here even among the Clergy. I believe your Lordship 



6 For account of, see * ' Life and Correspondence of Eev. William 
Smith, D.D., First Provost of the College of Philadelphia," vol. i, pp. 
384-389. 

76 




REV. WILLIAM SMITH, D.D. 

BORN IN SCOTLAND, 1727; DIED IN PHILADELPHIA, 1803, 
AN ASSISTANT MINISTER OF CHRIST CHURCH, PHILADELPHIA. 



Witttot^'^ip ot 9^u 9i^c€ltnu^&n 



will perceive something of this kind not altogether pleasing if the 
resolves of a majority of the last Jersey Convention^ should come 
before you against Commissaries &c. . . . Mr. Peters attended and 
bore his testimony against these Resolves . . . and perhaps he may 
give some account of the matter to your Lordship. He was milder, 
I believe, than I should have been. . . ." 

Dr. Smith in his letter of December 18, 1766, also to the 
Bishop of London, continues : 

" Your Lordship will give me the leave in all humble Duty to men- 
tion an affair by which our Church I fear will suffer a little in the 
sight of her adversaries here. One William Dunlap a printer in 
this place having also a printing press in Barbadoes having gone to 
that Island after his business applied here for recommendations for 
orders which we would not give, as he had no education but reading 
and writing as well as for other reasons. He did however it seems 
procure Letters from some Clergy in Barbadoes, tho' they could not 
have known him above a year. No doubt they thought and your 
Lordship thought that in the remote and new settled Island a pious 
man without the learned languages, &c., might be useful and with 
that view we hear your lordship received him. Had he staid there in 
the West Indies it might have been all well. But he is now in Phila- 
delphia preaching in St. Paul's Church, and in a place where Pres- 
byterian preachers have all some learning, where the laity too have 
learning and where some things are remembered to his disadvantage 
particularly the affair of a Lottery which a few years ago he had 
and was like to have been brought into law trouble about it. His 
printing Press too he still carries on and it is seldom a ' prophet 
has honor in his own country.' 

" The man always appeared to me a simple inoffensive man whom 
I never could have thought of recommending for Orders tho I knew 
no harm of him only I wish he had not come here. 

" I mentioned St. Paul's Congregation in my last. No doubt your 
Lordship has received their letters. A few days ago Mr. Whitefield 
sent them a letter telling them that he had prevailed on a clergyman 
(they say Mr. Chapman of Bath and Bradford) to come to them. 
Surely he will wait on your Lordship tho some here say not. I have 
some acquaintance with him. Mr. Evans after preaching twice to 
them declined any further Service and is properly applied to the 
business of his own Mission. I have yet little expectation of the 
Regularity from that Congregation but I hope I may be deceived. 

77 



i^i^tor? of &t. paurssi episicopal C^ucclj 

" Youi' Lordship's goodness will excuse the freedom I have men- 
tioned Mr. Dunlap's affair as it is only to yourself thinking it my 
duty to do it, because if any other persons should come without Tes- 
timonials from the place where they properly reside and are known, 
care may be taken to inquire concerning them. I need not mention 
that I would not have any public notice taken of the hints I have 
given for Mr. Dunlap was bred under Mr. Franklin now in Eng- 
land, in his Printing Office, and married som«} relation of his and his 
knowledge of our writing anything now might only make differences. 
I hope prejudice will wear off and Mr. Dunlap be useful in some 
place tho not in this town. 

" I am, your Lordship's most dutiful son and servant, 

" Wm. Smith."^ 

This letter prevented Dunlap being rector of St. Paul's. 
In 1768, he became rector of Stratton in King and Queen 
County, Virginia,* 

7 Perry, vol. ii, pp. 411-5. 

8 William Dunlap, a native of Ireland, began printing at Lancaster in 
1754, but returned to Philadelphia in 1757, -where, at the "Newest- 
Printing-Office, on the South side of the Jersey Market," he did con- 
siderable business as a printer, bookseller and stationer. Having en- 
gaged in the study of divinity he went to London and obtained ordina- 
tion in the Church of England. In 1767 he returned to America, becom- 
ing, in the following year, rector of Major Stratton, in King and Queen's 
County, Virginia. He printed John Jerman's Almanac in 1757, and 
began the publication of Father Abraham's Almanack. When settled 
in Virginia, he sold his printing business to his nephew, John Dun- 
lap, afterwards fifth captain of the First Troop Philadelphia City 
Cavalry, who, in 1771, began the publication of The Pennsylvania Packet 
or General Advertiser. In 1784, the Pacl'et was issued as a daily paper, 
it being the first daily newspaper in the United States. The North 
American is the successor of Mr. Dunlap 's paper. As the public printer, 
authorized by Congress, he had the distinction of printing and publishing 
for general distribution the Declaration of Independence as well as 
Continental currency. Thomas' "History of Printing in America," 
1874, pp. 252, 258, 259. "History of Friendly Sons of St. Patrick," 
1892, p. 109. Also see Vol. 10, Penna. Magaine of Hist. & Biog., pp. 
86-217, 322-462 ; vol. II, 98^223, 346-482. 



78 





1 


■■■■j 




m 


1 


■^■M ^^^^^ ^^■■■^MHHM^HBBI 


/-,.mtV 1-1, -J 


hI 




■■■ 


■■1 


H 



REV. HUan NEILL 

1765-1766 

3N consequence of the conditions which followed Mr. 
McClenachan's departure, some years intervened 
before St. Paul's had a settled rector. Mr, Neill 
officiated as early as December, 1765, and from 
that time irregularly until his departure, in Oc- 
tober, 1766, to the well-established parish of St. Paul's, Queen 
Anne County, Maryland. 

As missionary of the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel he was at Christ Church, Dover, Delaware, in 1745, 
where he remained until 1759, beginning his connection with 
Trinity, Oxford, the following year. The loss of his glebe- 
house, by fire, caused his temporary residence at German- 
town, from which he wrote to the Secretary of the Society, 
May 12, 1760 : 

" Very Rev^ and D*" Sir 

" It is with the greatest pleasure I can inform you that the Con- 
gregation of Oxford, thro' the blessing of God is in a growing Con- 
dition; . . . We had 20 Communicants last Easter; the oldest livers 
in the place tell me they dont remember such a number to have taken 
the Sacrament there before. I wish I could say the same of White- 
marsh. The Communicants there were but six altho' the Church is 
crowded there every Sunday yet they are chiefly of other persuasions, 
the Church people being but few in those parts. I, have an invita- 
tion from some of the English people in German Town to preach 

79 



for them as there is no kind of English Worship in the Town except 
a Quaker meeting house; and, indeed, this is something extraordinary, 
as I don't know a family of the Church of England in Town but one, 
altho' it contains 300 houses, but as they are divided into so many 
Sects, that no single sect is able to support a Minister, I mean the 
English people and as I have offered to preach for them for nothing 
Sunday Evenings after Service is over of my other Churches, they 
readily embraced the offer. The loan of the Lutheran Church of the 
upper end of German Town and of the Calvinist Church in the 
Middle of the Town are both offered to me by their respective Minis- 
ters and people, as they appear more willing to have a Minister 
of the Church of England to preach to their people that understand 
English (as most of the young people do) than any other denomi- 
nation. "^ 

On June 8, 1761, he adds: "I officiated the chief part of 
last Summer Sunday Evenings in German Town, where the 
rising generation of the Dutch, that understand English are 
well affected to the Church of England. Dr. Smith and my- 
self had agreed for a Lot, about an acre, for £75, to build an 
English Church and make a Grave Yard for we found the 
Dutch Clergy here were not fond of letting me officiate in their 
Churches, I suppose imagining their people would fall away 
from them and join with the English; but we are obliged to 
drop the scheme for the present till a more favorable time on 
account of the prejudice of the people against Dr. Smith for 
his disputes in politics formerly who would not subscribe, be- 
cause they said he had a hand in it. "^ 

Mr. Neill's letter of December 14, 1765, written from Ox- 
ford and addressed to the Secretary,^ bears directly on the 
beginning of his association with St. Paul 's. In it he says : 

''Revd. Sir, 

" After maturely considering the consequence of their invitation 
that a door appeared to be now opened for healing the breaches in 



1 Perry, vol. ii, pp. 286-8. 

2 Ibid., p. 327. 

3 Ibid., p. 399. 



80 



meb. !^uff5 Mtill 



that Church, and that such a respectable body of Christians who are 
very numerous and declare themselves members of the Church of 
England should not be neglected, I concluded upon the whole that it was 
my duty to comply with the invitation as far as consistent with the 
duty I owed to my own people. I put my resolution into execution, 
I consulted my own congregation, and having called a vestry [meet- 
ing], a committee from the vestiy of St. Paul's attended and re- 
quested it as a favor from my vestry in the name of the congrega- 
tion of St. Paul's that I might be permitted to supply them at least 
once a month and sometimes in the afternoon when I preached at 
Oxford. My vestry in consideration of their own inability to con- 
tribute hardly anything these hard times to my support, and the 
vestry of St. Paul's, offering to make me grateful acknowledgments 
agreed to their request. 

" I have since attended according to the agreement,* and must truly 
say the people of St. Paul's behave with as much decency and good 
order throughout all parts of the service as in any other church I 
have seen."^ 

Once again, Mr. Neill addresses the Secretary of the Ven- 
erable Society in relation to St. Paul's. This letter is dated 
Queen's Town [Maryland], June 9, 1767: 

^'Revd. Sir, 

"I have the pleasure of receiving two letters from you; the first 
concerning St. Paul's Church in Philadelphia; the second about my 
unfortunate nephew, with a donation of Ten Pounds from the Society 
for which I beg leave to return them my most hearty thanks. Not- 
withstanding there is seldom any provision made in Europe for an 
American Missionary yet I make no doubt the Society will be well 
pleased to hear that ample provision is made for any of their old 
Servants in this country. I have had the satisfaction to acquaint 
them that Governor Sharp has been kind enough to grant me an 
Induction appointing me Rector of St. Paul's Parish, Queen Ann's 
County Maryland, A living worth three hundred pounds per annum 
currency which is about two hundred per annum Sterling, and as I 



* The Archbishop of Canterbury, in a letter to Eev. Dr. William Smith 
of August 2, 1766, says : ' ' Mr. Neill hath been directed not to give hia 
assistance any longer to Mr. Macclenathan 's Congregation, as they have 
made no application to the Bishop of London." 

Perry, vol. ii, p. 399. 
7 81 



^i0totv ot ^t paursi episcopal CJutc^ 

have acquired here a considerable landed Estate I hope to be able to 
make the Society ample amends for all past favors. 

" As to my ofiieiating in St. Paul's Church in Philadelphia I have 
made bold to vindicate my conduct to his Grace of Canterbury and 
shall only add that the prohibitation of me and of me in particular 
has made more noise and given a deeper wound than possibly you 
can Imagine to the Church. My license from my Lord Bishop of 
London gave me power to preach the Gospel in Pennsylvania. I 
made no Schism by preaching to Churches that were unprovided for. 
All that I have done is that I have preached the Gospel to a vacant 
Church at the earnest solicitation of the Vestry, with the approba- 
tion of my own people and when it did not interfere with the duties 
of my Mission. If this is criminal it is what I never knew before. 
I am sure I have read my Bible and all the Cannons and Constitu- 
tions of the Church of England together with all her laws civil and 
Ecclesiastical and am so blind hitherto as not to be able to see where 
it is forbidden to preach to a vacant Church. 

" However if it is a crime it must be so in other Clergymen as 
well as in me and why an interdiction was sent to me and not to the 
rest is a general question in Pennsylvania but no man can solve it. 
The City Clergy and most of the Missionaries preached in St. Paul's 
even in the the lifetime of Mr. McClenachan. This I never did till 
after his death. Then circular letters were sent from the Vestry to 
the Missionaries to supply them in turn. The City Clergy heartily 
approved of this measure & spoke to me and others to comply, but 
when they found that the invitation was to the missionaries and not 
to themselves, they then wanted us to refuse supplying them with- 
out they would invite them also. Drs. William Smith and [Jacob] 
Duche set all their friends to work to try to get St. Paul's Vestry to 
invite them, but all in vain. The Church of St. Paul's had some in- 
vinceable reasons against Dr. Smith. Mr. [Richard] Peters has but just 
emerged from a life of Politics and pleasure in a continual round as 
Secretary to the Governor for many years and Mr. Duche was wholly 
bent upon making a powerful party among them, in order to de- 
stroy the Church. All the Town Clergy had one point in view and 
that was either to aniholate the Church or bring them under the 
dominion of Christ Church Vestry; as it seems to be an established 
maxim among them, that if Philadelphia was fifty Miles Square and 
had two hundred Churches in it, they must be all subject to one 
Rector and one Vestry. How consistent this is to the Eccles. Gov- 
ernment of the Church in the City of London or anywhere else the 
Church is established, I leave to the judgment of my superiors. 

82 



net, me^ i^tni 



The people of St. Pauls have built them a Church and endowed it 
with a handsome revenue and therefore claim and insist upon the 
right of presentation. This right Christ Church enjoy without any 
claim of his Lordship of London. When St. Paul's becomes vacant 
they claim nothing more than the right of presenting some Clergy- 
man to the Lord Bishop of London. If his Lordship has any Legal 
reason for setting aside their choice, such as would set aside a Clergy- 
man in one of his own Courts, they will immediately discharge 
him and proceed to the choice of another. All this is they humbly 
conceive coming as near to the Eccles. Laws as possible. But to 
give his Lordship a right to appoint whom he will is a privilege his 
Lordship does not enjoy, or even insist on, from Christ Church and 
why he should claim it of them, is more than they can possibly assign 
a reason for. 

" The opinions of the Philadelphians is such of Dr. Smith that he 
has never been able to procure himself to be chosen even as an as- 
sistant in any of their Churches. St. Paul's people were alarmed at 
the thoughts of giving up the right of presentation to the Lord 
Bishop of London as they were afraid Dr. Smith might prevail upon 
his Lordship to appoint him and their knowledge of him was as such 
that no Clergyman would have been more disagi-eeable. 

" These were some of the reasons alleged to me by the people of 
St. Paul's and without the least view of Interest, reflecting upon the 
whole what might be best for the Church, I thought it my duty to 
preach for them sometimes upon the Sunday Evening with the leave 
of my own Parish. All the other Missions thought so too and 
thought that harsh measures never would make good Churchmen of 
them. But their refusal of Dr. Smith was (in his own eyes), an un- 
pardonable crime and therefore he was determined to let them feel 
the weight of his resentment. Had he been admitted to preach in 
St. Paul's, the Society would never have been troubled upon this 
head. 

" When the Missionaries came in turn to preach at St. Paul's Dr. 
Smith threatened them immediately with the resentment of the So- 
ciety without he would be taken in amongst the rest. This condi- 
tion could not be obtained. Messrs. Peters and Duehe harped upon 
the same string but all in vain. What a mortification to find the 
reputation of the Missionaries superior to their own. Many of the 
Missionaries were afraid and after they came to Town to officiate 
went home again witjiout doing it. 

"Dr. Smith threatened me in the same manner. I told him he 
was neither Bishop, Commissary nor Deputy Agent for a eorrespond- 

83 



^i^tot^ ot &t paur!Sf episcopal CguccI 

ing Society, for one or other of which offices he had been waiting for 
many years, consequently he had no power over me & that the 
scurility of his language upon that occasion was no mark of his be- 
ing qualified for any of the above places. That the Society had 
often approved of their ]\Iissionaries preaching occasionally in Pres- 
byterian and Baptist meeting houses, consequently could have no ob- 
jection to their Missionary preaching in a Church. 

" What Dr. Smith and his Philadelphia Brethren have wrote home 
upon this occasion I know not nor does it concern me at this time 
any otherwise than, as I am heartily sony to find that the Venerable 
Body [is] so grossly abused and imposed upon by vile partial mis- 
representations which naturally brings them into disrepute in the 
Colonies where their lustre should be the most conspicuous. 

" When my Lord Arch Bishop of Canterbury signified his dis- 
approbation of my preaching in St. Paul's in a Letter to Dr. Smith, 
he delivered his Grace's commands with such an arbitrary tone that 
I really thought he was going to reinforce them with a Cudgel. I 
asked him for a copy of what he had wrote to England that I might 
be enabled to make my vindication. This he refused. However I 
make no douht he had confined himself as strictly to truth as he did 
when he drew up the Memorial of his wonderful services in Penn- 
sylvania and got some of the good Bishops in England to sign it and 
send it to the University of Oxford in order to obtain his Doctor's 
Degree. Facts that were just as true — many of them — as the His- 
tory of Don Quixote. 

" These intollerable measures prevailed with me at last to accept 
of an offer Governor Shai'pe had made me long before of removing 
into Mary land where the Church is established and no man can be 
ruined by partial information. 

" Since I came here the Church of St. Paul's in Philadelphia as a 
Testimony of their regard transmitted to me a very handsome piece 
of plate with the following inscription neatly engraved — * The Gift 
of the Church of St. Paul's in Philadelphia, To the Reverend Mr. Hugh 
Neill in gratitude for his disinterested ministerial services to that church 
A. D. 1766." I hope my Lord Bishop of London will approve of 
my removal and signify his approbation whenever it suits his eon- 
veniency. We have here an Excellent Governor which answers all 
the ends of a Bishop except in conferring orders and confirmation. 
I wish he had this part of the Episcopal authority conferred upon 
him. He would make as good a Bishop as we could wish for. 

" If there is any inf onnation wanting from this province in order to 
assist the Venerable Society in their most benevolent undertakings I 

84 



Hcb. ^ug;^ mill 



shall not only be led by duty but I incline at all times to give them 
the best accounts I can. If they choose to make use of me, no one 
in the world will be more ready to execute their commands or have 
a more grateful sense of past favors than 
"Revd Sir, &c., 

"Hugh Neill."« 

Refusing to accept monetary compensation for his services, 
the vestry, on fifteenth of June, 1768, in order to show the 
appreciation of the congregation, presented Mr. Neill vv^ith a 
silver tankard,^ bearing the inscription mentioned in the fore- 
going letter. 

" The Gift of St. Paul's Church, in 
Philadelphia to the Reverend Hugh Neill, 
in Gratitude for his disinterested Min- 
isteral Services to that Church, April, 
1766." 

Strangely enough when Mr. Neill was rector at Oxford he 
must have had some similar experience, or perhaps it was his 
policy, since on May 2, 1763, he writes: ''This is no country 
for a missionary to make his fortune when the only way for 
him to increase his congregation is to give up all pretentions 
to their subscriptions and to let them know that he preaches 
freely among them as the Apostles did without fee or reward. ' ' 

Though St. Paul's was without a stated rector, it doubtless 
had from time to time various clerical supplies. Among these 
supplies may be named that of January 9, 1767, when the Rev. 
Mr. Alkin preached a charity sermon, the collection at which 
time, amounting to seventeen pounds sterling was ' ' for the re- 
lief of the poor prisoners in the City goal. ' ' That Mr. Alkin 
was persona grata to the church authorities, may be con- 
cluded from the fact that he preached, on the following Sun- 
days, to the congregations of Christ Church and St. Peter's.* 

6 Perry, vol. ii, pp. 417-420. 

7 Purchased from John Leacock at a cost of 19 pounds, 10 shillings, 
» Pennsylvania Gazette of January 8 and 15, 1767. 

85 



REV. WILLIAM STRINGER 

1768-1777 



m 



R. Stringer arrived in Philadelphia from Eng- 
land, August 20, 1768, with a letter of intro- 
duction from the Rev. George "VVhitefield. 
He officiated as minister-in-charge from that 
time until May, 1773, when he was elected 
rector, and served as such until October, 1777, shortly after 
which he returned to England, where, at Barnet, he died, 
June 12, 1799. 

Again the private correspondence of the city clergy, with 
the Secretary of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, 
and the Bishop of London, affords the best medium to an un- 
derstanding of the religious conditions prevailing in Philadel 
phia and particularly at St. Paul's. 

The indefatigable Provost Smith in his letter of February 
22, 1769, to the Secretary, says: 

" D0ar and Worthy Sir 

" I have no other particular to add ; only to beg, as I cannot by this 
ship write to the Bishop of London, that you would wait on his 
Lordship to inform him that the congregation of St. Paul's on re- 
ceiving a Letter from Mr. Chapman^ that he was coming out with 
his Lordship's Licence & telling them that when he shall come 
out, Mr. Stringer, whom they now have at St. Paul's cannot con- 



1 The Kev. Walter Chapman of Bath and Wells, see p. 77. 

80 



laeb. CJHtlliam ^ttinget: 



tinue under him & blaming them for employing a man ordained ir- 
regularly in London by some Greek or foreign Bishop. I say on 
receiving this letter of Chapman's which I think was not blame- 
worthy a majority of the Congregation got offended at Chapman & 
passed a sort of confused vote to keep Stringer even if Chapman 
should come. ... I beg then you may let the Bishop know this 
state of the case; & if Mr. Chapman comes, I think he should be 
encouraged, as it seems now the only thing that can make a regular 
Church & keep it from continuing in a state of separation. I think 
the Bishop should see Mr. Chapman before he sends any answer; 
only as little use as possible should be made of my name. This 
matter deserves serious consideration. 

" Mr. Stringer seems a peaceful good man though I am told all 
his sermons are in one strain and only in the way of Romaine, Rev. 
William Romaine, author of The Life Walk and Triumph of Faith, 
q. v., Etc. But were his orders regular I believe he might be made a 
useful missionary, and he says he is willing to be employed whenever 
he can serve the cause of religion. "2 

With St. Paul's it was the old question, the right of presen- 
tation, did it rest with the Bishop, or with the Church? Its 
Articles of Agreement had placed it with the Church. 

Nearly ten months later, December 6, 1769, the Rev, Rich- 
ard Peters, D.D., still rector of the United Parishes, Christ 
Church and St. Peter's, in a letter to the Bishop of London, 
covered some of the same ground as that of Dr. Smith's. He 
writes : 

" My much Honourd, Lord, 

" I am ashamed that I have not all this time answerd your Lord- 
ship's Letter of the 25th November last relating to Mr. Stringer, the 
present officiating minister of St. Paul's Church in this city. Noth- 
ing however has been omitted by me that I could think would do any 
Grood to so wilful and self conceited a People. As soon as I received 
your Lordship's Letter, I communicated the Contents to Dr. Smith 
and Dr. Duche, and conferred with them in what manner to act. 
Mr. Stringer notwithstanding the Irregularity of his Introduction 
into orders is a quiet inoffensive and good man. He gives constant 
attention to his duty which he punctually performs according to the 



2 Perry, vol. ii, pp. 437-8. 

87 



Rites and Ceremonies of our Church. He preaches on every Holy 
Day and did use to lecture once a week in the Evening besides his 
Ordinary Duty. By this commendable Diligence and by never shew- 
ing the least Regard to his Worldly Interest or troubling his head 
whether the Congregation gives him more or less he had obtained an 
universal Esteem. Not only the members of his own Congregation 
but all other persuasions expressed a Value for him and thought the 
City much favoured by having so quiet and innocent a man at the 
head of such a medley as that Congregation consists of. As this was 
the case we all thought it best to let Mr. Stringer have the first 
Knowledge of the letter, and accordingly it was communicated to him 
in a friendly manner by Dr. Smith, Dr. Duche and myself. After 
he had read the letter he seemed to be in no wise perplexed, but 
frankly owned that your Lordship had given a true Account of 
What had passed except that, as he says, your Lordship was mistaken 
in saying he promised not to do any Duty under this Greek Orders, 
he promised not to do Duty under them till he had your Lordship's 
answer, and when he received that answer which was so peremptory 
against him, and a total Discouragement for ever making any appli- 
cation to the Society he looked on his promise to be no further bind- 
ing as there could be no Connection after that between your Lord- 
ship and him. He ownd likewise that your Lordship had his orders, 
and that from what your Lordship had said about the character of 
the Bishop who ordained him, as if he was no real Bishop, he had 
got a good Enquiry made into that Fact, and found that he was truly 
the Bishop he pretended to be, and therefore he had applied to him 
who was then still at Amsterdam to send him Duplicates of his 
orders which he did and under these he now acts and thinks he may 
rightly act as a Minister of the Gospel; and as his affections are 
really in favour of the service and articles of the Church of England 
and he thinks he is well warranted to read her Service and do all the 
Duty of a Church of England Minister in any congregation that will 
please to employ him. That he did not come over to America on 
any particular Plan but from the hopes of doing good in any place, 
no matter what, for he had no notion of one place more than an- 
other. That he came to Philadelphia and was applied to by the Con- 
gregation of St. Paul's. • It was they applied to him not he to them, 
and that as he is only an occasional Minister to them, as soon as 
they please to declare their Desire that he should no longer officiate, 
he would as gladly leave them as stay with them, and go to some 
other Place. That all Places are alike to him and that he should go 
where God directed him : and he said further that as he had from the 



1Eltb« dQltlltam &trtnset 



very first given the same account of himself to the Congregation as 
your Lordship had done in your letter, we might proceed to lay it 
before the Congregation or Vestry in what manner we pleased, for 
it would give him no concern whether they would or would not dis- 
miss him. 

" We then thought it best to desire the Church Wardens to call a 
Vestry in order to give me an opportunity of laying your Lordship's 
letter before them. They promised to do it, but shuffled from time 
to time and at last expressed a total indifference about it, and that 
they would be satisfied with their Minister on the foot he was em- 
ployed by them notwithstanding your Lordship's letter. They were 
told over and over that he was no more a Minister of the Church of 
England than any of the Preachers among the other Sectaries and 
that his being in any wise employed by the Vestry or Congregation 
to do duty as a Minister of the Church of England was expressly 
against their Constitution and a total Defection from any English 
Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction. This they owned but for all that are de- 
termined to go on as they do, and the reason is apparent. It is this. 
Some few men do hereby retain their Power and Influence and Reign 
Sole Sovereigns of the Congregation, and it will go on as it does 
until they quarrel amongst themselves and then they may return to 
Order. 

" This is a faithful and full and true account of the State of this 
Church, and I heartily am sorry that it was not made sooner to your 
Lordship. I have no Excuse for my delay; I shall not hereafter 
have any Connection with Minister or Congregation of St. Paul's, 
who have not only been very undutiful to your Lordship, but have 
also been peculiarly ungrateful to me in the manner they have thought 
fit to demean themselves as well as in their mannner of representing 
what I have done and said in this matter, I am, 
"Your Lordship, 
" most obedient and 

"most humble and dutiful 
" Son and Servant, 

"Richard Peters." 

Mr. Stringer probably never saw or heard of these letters, 
and from his general attitude we may conclude they would 
have caused him no concern if he had known of them. He 
was a man of quiet goodness and gave constant attention to 
his duties, which he punctually performed, preaching on 

89 



Holy Days and lecturing once a week in the evening,^ and 
was universally esteemed. 

He supplied the church until May, 1773, without being 
elected rector, owing to some question about the validity of 
his ordination by Erasmus, Bishop of Arcadia in the Island 
of Crete, as already stated ; but, having returned to England 
in 1772, and obtained regular ordination from the Bishop of 
London, he was unanimously elected rector on the fourth of 
May, 1773. 

After Mr. Stringer's departure to London to obtain his 
orders the clergy of the United Churches of Christ Church 
and St. Peter's interested themselves in the congregation and 
officiated during his absence in his church. Upon his return, 
church matters were upon a good foundation, and he entered 
upon his duties with earnestness and regularity, and labored 
with great success until the breaking out of the Revolution, 
when his affection for King George and his outspoken interest 
in the Royalist cause, rendered him persona non grata to 
St. Paul's congregation, and the inevitable open rupture oc- 
curred. 

At this period, the position of the clergy sent to the Colo- 
nies as missionaries by the venerable Society for the Propa- 
gation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts was a difficult one. In- 
deed, it was not only difficult but perplexing, even dangerous, 

3 The evening lectures appear to have been on Tuesdays. At a meeting 
of Lodge No. 2, Free and Accepted Masons of Philadelphia, held May 
8, 1770, the minutes state: "The Worshipful Master having thought it 
ill convenient to meet on Tuesday nights as several of the brethren, 
members of St. Paul's Church, being thereby deprived of the evening 
lectures, it was balloted whether the same could not without greater 
inconveniency be changed. The same was unanimously carried in the 
affirmative. It was then put to the ballot what night was most proper, 
and it was determined on the second Wednesday of every month, the 
Secretary to have notice that he may persue according to these minutes. ' ' 
(Barratt-Sachse, "Freemasonry in Pennsylvania," vol. i, p. 201, in 
fac-simile.) 

90 



Witt, dZAilltam ^tttnget 



and differed widely from that of the laymen of the Church. 
By far the greater proportion of the Colonial settlers in 
founding homes in a new country had, through the creation 
of new interests and the flight of time, severed connection with 
the old. Hence there was nothing anomalous in their de- 
scendants, "Washington, Patrick Henry, Franklin, Livingston, 
Sterling, the Morrises, Jay, Kichard Henry Lee, Madison, 
Morgan, the Pendletons, Draytons, Heywards, Pinckneys and 
other distinguished adherents of the English State Church, 
declaring against England. Not so the Colonial clergy who, 
personally and professionally, were not only connected with 
the mother country but bound to her as priests of the Estab- 
lishment. When ordained they had sworn perpetual allegi- 
ance to the King, and the Bishop of London, their ecclesias- 
tical superior, had record of their oaths. They, therefore, 
found themselves in a most uncomfortable position when Con- 
gress appointed July 20, 1775, as a day of fasting and prayer, 
a position most graphically set forth in the address to the 
Bishop of London of July 20, 1775, signed by Mr. Stringer 
and others of the Philadelphia clergy: 

Richard Peters, Wm. Smith, 

Jacob Duche, Thomas Coombe, 

William Stringer, William White. 

"Never were men in a more trying or delicate position," 
writes Dr. Smith to the Lord Bishop on July 10. "Now our 
people have all taken up Arms and entered into associations 
never to submit to the Parliamentary claim of taxing them at 
pleasure. We see nothing in our Churches but men in their 
uniforms & tho ' they excuse us on Sundays they are now every- 
where requesting occasional sermons on the present situation of 
things. The case of the poor Missionaries is hard. To com- 
ply may offend their protectors and those that support them 
in the Parent Countr3^ To refuse would leave them without 

91 



^iiStorp of fet ^mV0 d^pijsfcopal C^urcJ 

Congregations everywhere; and perhaps it is more the wish 
of some that they should refuse than comply. ' '* 

On October 6, 1775, the clergy again addressed the Bishop 
of London, saying, inter alia, * ' Our Distresses are great ; our 
anxiety for the welfare of the whole British Empire still 
greater; but in these most trying times we hope to approve 
ourselves the hearty and steady friends of the constitution, 
both in church and state, and the faithful ministers of the 
gospel of peace and love. ' ' This letter, signed by Philip Read- 
ing, George Craig, Thomas Barton, Charles Inglis, D[aniel] 
Batwelle, Samuel Tingley, Alexander Murray, John Odell, 
Sam. Magaw, Wm. Thompson, Geo. Panton, Wm. Frazer, 
shows that the writers were as yet unable to realize that the 
colonists meant what they said, viz. : that they would no 
longer tolerate in the Colony the union of church and state. 

The parishioners of St. Paul 's looked solely to the salvation 
of their souls. They cared nothing for the Church of Eng- 
land as a state church, and saw no inconsistency in using her 
Prayer Book, taking up arms against the King, and in re- 
fraining from using those prayers for the royal family and 
the King, against whom they were fighting. The culminat- 
ing event which led to the dissolution of Mr. Stringer's con- 
nection with the parish is interesting as showing the tension 
and temper of our Revolutionary ancestors. 

General William Howe, in command of the English forces, 
left New York by sea in August, 1777, to attack and capture 
the city of Philadelphia. On September 11, he defeated 
Washington and the troops at Brandywine. On September 27, 
Philadelphia was captured, although Col. Blathwaite Jones, 
Washington's chief engineer officer in 1777-1778, built the 
fortification at Billingsport and across the Delaware River to 
prevent it. 

4 Perry, vol. ii, pp. 472, 475, 480-1. 

92 



ISitb, milliam ^ttineet 



Congress left the State House and fled from the city, and 
held sessions at Lancaster and at York in Pennsylvania. On 
October 4, Washington attacked the British and was defeated 
at Germantown. Then Washington's troops on December 
19, 1777, went into winter quarters, hutting at Valley Forge, 
in Chester County, Pennsylvania, as suggested by General An- 
thony Wayne, where they suffered much misery. Many of 
the patriotic parishioners of St. Paul's were with Washing- 
ton's army, as were their relatives and friends;^ not the least 
among them was Colonel Thomas Proctor, Chief of Artillery 
who received his commission May 18, 1779. He was in 
Wayne's Bergen Neck expedition and was satirized by Major 
Andre in the * ' Cowchase ' ' : 

" Sons of distant Delaware, 
And still remoter Shannon 
And Major Lee with horses rare 
And Procter with his cannon." 

The Sunday after the British captured Philadelphia, one 
of the lessons was Ezekiel 20th. The 38th verse is, **I will 
purge out the rebels from among you and those that trans- 
gress. ' ' 

The form of prayer for fasting and prayer appointed by 
King George III to be read in churches in December, 1776, 
on the breaking out of the Revolution, which was called the 
'* Prayer for our Enemies," had already caused trouble for 
some rectors. 

The term "Rebel," being the offensive epithet applied by 
the British to the Americans, some of St. Paul 's congregation, 
impelled by the violence of their political feelings, charged 
Mr. Stringer with designedly selecting this lesson as a public 

5 See preface, ' ' Freemasonry in Pennsylvania, ' ' Barratt-Sachse, vol. i, 
xii-xiii. Lodge No. 2, F. & A. M. held no meetings from July 21, 1777, 
until November 6, 1778, during the British occupation of Philadelphia. 

93 



threat against them, and the excitement produced by it was 
so great that it led to an immediate rupture between the pas- 
tor and his flock, and the severance of his pastoral relations. 

Thus the church was again without a regular pastor for 
four years, from October, 1777, to January, 1781, covering 
the important part of the war, which was concluded October 
19, 1781, by the surrender of Lord Cornwallis, at Yorktown, 
Virginia, of his entire army of seven thousand men to Wash- 
ington. But there must have been good preaching at St. 
Paul's, since John Adams, of Massachusetts, wrote his wife 
of visiting the Episcopal Churches and that he heard ''better 
prayers, better speaking, softer, sweeter music, and saw gen- 
teeler company than elsewhere."® 

The clergy who were loyal to the king, in the then state of 
the public mind, were afraid to pray for the success of the 
King and the Royal arms ; and while they continued to hold 
the services they omitted both prayers and dodged the ques- 
tion. The result was our ancestors called them traitors, 
tories and British emissaries. From the standpoint of the 
American who was an Episcopal layman, his church by reason 
of the fact that it was in union with the State with which he 
was at war, was not equal to the occasion, and was lined up with 
his enemies. In consequence thereof the sufferings of the 
Royalist clergy were intense. Some were soused in ponds, 
mobbed, shot at, robbed, starved, banished, imprisoned. Their 
cattle were killed, their churches wrecked and their libraries 
burned. Many returned to private life, some to Great 
Britain, others to Nova Scotia. The Rev. Dr. McConnell, in 
his valuable "History of the American Episcopal Church," 
pages 210-211, gives a list of those clergymen who suffered 
and were banished because they remained loyal to the King. 

On the other hand, it is to be noted that the patriot clergy 

6 Anne H. Wharton 's ' ' Salons Colonial and Eepublican, ' ' p. 28. 

94 



IBlet). dfllilliam fetringec 



held that their oath of allegiance had been transferred from Ir^'' 

the de jure to the de facto King, viz., the people ! Hence Ay res ^^y 
in his ' * Life of Dr. John Peter Muhlenberg, ' ' relates how that 
distinguished clergyman at his Woodstock Church, in Virginia, 
having accepted a colonel's commission, took leave of his 
parishioners in an eloquent sermon upon the duty of the hour, 
exclaiming in conclusion: ** There is a time for all things, a 
time to preach and a time to pray ; but there is also a time to 
fight, and that time has now come." Pronouncing the bene- 
diction, he threw off his clerical gown and stood revealed in a 
full military uniform. Proceeding to the door of the church 
with a recruiting sergeant 's roll in his hand he enlisted nearly 
three hundred of his hearers. Almost immediately he 
marched to the relief of Charleston, S. C, where his regiment, 
the 8th Virginia, gained a reputation for discipline and brav- 
ery. His monument, giving him his highest title of major 
general, stands on the south pavement of our City Hall, 
Philadelphia, depicting this identical scene. 

William White, afterwards first Bishop^ of Pennsylvania, 
who, with John Peter Muhlenberg^ and William Braidfoot of 
Virginia, had been privately ordained April 23, 1722, at the 
King's Chapel, St. James, by the Bishop of London, became 
chaplain of the Continental Congress, and took the oath of 
allegiance to the United States in 1776. 

8 Muhlenberg states in his Journal that the three of them went to the 
theatre to see the celebrated Garrick. 

7 Consecrated on Sunday, February 4, 1787, by the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, in the Chapel of Lambeth Palace. 



95 




THE RECTORSHIP OF DR. MAGAW 

1781-1804 

HE Reverend Samuel Magaw, D.D., rector from 
£ «^ January, 1781, to February 15, 1804, when fail- 

A I iiig health compelled his resignation, was born in 

^^^^^ Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, about 1735, 
and died at Philadelphia, December 1, 1812. 
His body was buried in the chancel of St. Paul's, and the 
church draped with the emblem of mourning. 

Sprung from that sturdy Scotch-Irish stock which gave to 
the Colonies many Revolutionary heroes and to the American 
Church many eminent divines, Samuel Magaw was a member 
of the first class to graduate from the Philadelphia College, 
now the University of Pennsylvania, in 1757. Educated for 
a tutorship at the suggestion of the college authorities, he 
afterward studied theology and was among the last mission- 
aries sent to America, in 1767, by the venerable Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. Writing to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, November 13, 1766, Dr. William 
Smith of the College, said: "Mr. Andrews and Mr. Magaw 
were educated and graduated under me, and I hope on Exami- 
nation will do credit to our College. Their Letters to Dr. 
Barton mention their Destination, viz., Dover and Lewes on 
Delaware and their Testimonials to your Lordship will certify 

96 



J8itctot0'^ip ot SDt. Seagate 



their moral character." A month later, Dr. Smith again 
alludes to the young priests in a letter to the Archbishop and 
hopes that, ' ' it will appear to your Lordship that they are well 
grounded in their education."^ 

Sometime previous to this, Mr. Magaw had been associated 
with the Rev. Charles Inglis in teaching school at Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania, and this association may have led to his even- 
tually succeeding Mr. Inglis,^ in 1767, as rector of Christ 
Church, Dover, Delaware, upon the latter 's removal to Trin- 
ity Church, New York City. 

At Dover, his rectorate was preeminently satisfactory. 
He finished the church at Duck Creek Cross Roads, now 
Smyrna, begun by Mr. Inglis and named St. Peter's, which 
was used for the first time on Trinity Sunday, in 1769. In 
those two years he had baptized six adults and one hundred 
and ninety-eight children, of which latter five were negroes, 

1 Perry, vol. ii, pp. 412, 413, 456, 475, 481. 

2 Charles Inglis, native of Ireland and son of a clergyman whose father 
and grandfather had also been clergymen, was missionary at Dover from 
1759 to 1765, and assistant rector and rector of Trinity, New York, 1765 
to 1783. When the war came he sided with the mother country and her 
government and suffered for his principles. Kequested by Washington to 
omit prayers for the King and royal family, he refused so to do, and, fol- 
lowing the Declaration of Independence he caused his church to be closed. 
In 1777 he became rector of Trinity, and in 1781-2, chaplain to the First 
battalion New Jersey volunteers [Tories]. He resigned his rectorship in 
1783 and went to Halifax. Consecrated at Lambeth, England, in 1787, 
Bishop of Nova Scotia, he had the distinction of being the first colonial 
bishop of the Church. King's College, now Columbia, conferred upon 
him the degree of A.M. in 1767, and in 1770 he was appointed one of the 
governors of that college. He was the author of several religious publica- 
tions. In Delaware, in 1764, he married Mary Vining, whose mother, 
Mary, widow of Captain Benjamin Vining of New Jersey, afterwards be- 
came the wife of Judge Nicholas Eidgley, of Delaware. Bishop Inglis 
died at Halifax, February 24, 1816, His son, John Inglis, was also 
bishop of Nova Scotia. His grandson. Sir John Eardley Wilmot Inglis, 
succeeded to the command at Lucknow, when that place was besieged by 
the Sepoys in 1857. Scharf 's "History of Delaware," vol. ii, pp. 1054- 
5; Appleton's "Cyclopaedia of American Biography," vol. iii, p. 349. 

8 97 



l^motTf ot &t pauPiEi episcopal Cj^utcj^ 

and his communicants, at that chapel, numbered ninety-four. 
Effective as a preacher, zealous in the promotion of Chris- 
tianity within and without the limits of his parish, "of great 
urbanity of manners and apparent kindliness of spirit," he 
maintained cordial relations with the neighboring clergy. 
There is record evidence that, frequently, he administered the 
sacraments of baptism and the Holy Communion at Barratt's 
Chapel,^ some eleven miles south of Dover. The Rev, Francis 
Asbury,* later Bishop Asbury of the Methodist Church, men- 
tioned him as preaching an excellent sermon and as being "a 
kind, sensible and friendly minister of the Episcopal Church." 

His Dover mission included the County of Kent, some 
thirty measured miles along the River Delaware, with four 
churches,* two of which were thirty-two miles apart, and a 
population moderately estimated at about seven thousand 
souls, of which one third of those who had religious affiliations 
were members of the Church of England. Nevertheless, Mr. 
Magaw found time for study and the acceptable discharge of 
duties to the community at large. 

During the anxiety and hesitancy of the early Revolution- 
ary period, he, like William White and some few clergy of 
the Episcopal Church, took the American side. This was 

3 The paternal ancestors of the writer were of Cecil County, Maryland, 
1676; became Delawareans in 1740 and had a plantation of twelve hun- 
dred acres in Kent County, below Dover, where Mr. Magaw was a fre- 
quent and welcome visitor. Knowledge of him genealogically and his- 
torically has come from both paternal and maternal lines, which, while 
friendly with him, were unknown to each other at that time. 

4 In November, 1780, Dr. Magaw, Bishop Asbury, Caleb B. Pedicord, 
Joseph Hartley, Eev. Joseph Cromwell and Rev. Thomas Coke, D.D., met 
at Barratt's Chapel and celebrated the first Quarterly Meeting. One 
thousand persons were present. Scharf 's ' * History of Delaware, ' ' vol. ii, 
p. 1157. "Barratt's Chapel," Norris S. Barratt, Papers His. Soc. of 
Delaware, 1911, Ivii, pp. 25-26. 

5 Christ Church, Dover; St. Paul's, Smyrna; Christ Church, Mispillion 
and St. Paul's, near the Maryland line. 

98 



Witttotfi^ip ot jBDc, Q^affab) 



perhaps to be expected. His brother, Robert Magaw^ of 
Carlisle, in June, 1775, was major of the Pennsylvania Bat- 
talion of Riflemen, and on January 2, 1776, was chosen 
colonel of the Fifth Pennsylvania Line. Another brother, 
William Magaw,^ of Mercersburg, was, in June, 1775, surgeon 
of the Pennsylvania Battalion of Riflemen, afterward surgeon 
of the Fourth Pennsylvania Line and later of the First Penn- 
sylvania Line. Both were original members of the Penn- 
sylvania State Society of the Cincinnati. 

Like his family and parishioners Mr. Magaw desired peace, 
but peace with honor. His sermon preached at Christ Church, 
Philadelphia, on Sunday, October 8, 1775,* leaves no doubt 
that he was keenly alive to the exigencies of the hour, and 
his letter to the Bishop of London, a year later, October 7, 
1776, graphically sets forth the position of the American 
clergy of the English Church, and pathetically shows the 
struggle between his own sense of gratitude to established 
church order, and his anxiety for the proper adjustment of 
the struggle. He says : 

" The situation of the Clergymen of the Church of England in Amer- 
ica you well know, is at this time particularly delicate and hazard- 

6 After the surrender of Fort Washington Colonel Magaw was a 
prisoner of war in New York, where he married, April 6, 1779, Marrite 
van Brunt, daughter of Kutgers van Brunt, who died August 15, 1803, 
aged 49 years, 7 mos., 5 days. — Inscriptions in Eeformed Dutch Church- 
yard, Gravesend, L. I.; Egle's "Notes and Queries," Keprint First and 
Second Series, vol. i, pp. 468-471. 

7 Attended Lafayette when wounded at Brandywine. Pennsylvania 
Magazine of History, vol. ix, p. 276. 

8 A I Discourse | Preached in Christ Church, | Philadelphia, on Sunday, 
October 8th, 1775 | By the Kev. Samuel Magaw A.M. | of Kent County, on 
Delaware. | Philadelphia. \ Printed and Sold by Story and Humphreys, I 
in Norris's Alley, near Front Street. \ M.DCC, LXXV | 8vo, pp. 14. A 
presentation copy of this, now in The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
bears on the fly leaf the following inscription in Mr. Magaw 's clear 
handwriting: "For Mrs. Lucy Magaw from her most loving friend and 
affectionate servant," The Author, Dee. 25, 1775. 

99 



ous, inasmuch as we have the welfare of our Holy Religion to 
maintain, amidst a variety of difficulties, opposing Interests and 
Misconceptions. With regard to myself I hold that it is my duty 
for conscience sake and out of gratitude to the venerable Society," in 
whose employment I am engaged, to walk at the present Critical junc- 
ture with peculiar Caution and Circumspection avoiding every Com- 
pliance that I supposed they might disapprove of and availing myself 
of such mild persuasive expedients as I thought would have a tend- 
ency to preserve peace and good order among the people whose 
property, under their direction I am in some degree intrusted with. 
Through the whole compass of America I do not believe there can be 
anywhere a stronger attachment to the parent counti-y or a more 
warm regard for that religion which we jointly profess, than among 
the greater number of those among whom I have been appointed to 
minister. They ardently wish for peace, they look for reconcilia- 
tion, safe, constitutional and permanent."® 

Among the incidents of his later career at Dover are two 
sermons preached at Christ Church, the first, on Monday, 
December, 1779, being the anniversary of St. John the Evan- 
;gelist, at the request and before the General Communication 
•of Free and Accepted Masons of Delaware State. There are 
some political references in it, and the sermon is ** Dedicated 
to his Excellency, Caesar Rodney, Esq., Governor, Captain- 
General and Commander-in-Chief of the Delaware State, the 
friend of his Country and the Lover of all Social Virtues." 
In the course of his address, Mr. Magaw named distinguished 
Masons "from Jubal and Enoch to Franklin and concluded 
with the illustrious Cincinnatus of our age, a Washington."^" 
The second sermon, delivered before the same body, on the 
following anniversary of St. John the Evangelist, Wednes- 
day, December 27, 1780,^^ was dedicated, at the request of the 
Masonic fraternity, ' ' To his Excellency General Washington. ' ' 

9 Perry's "Historical Collections," etc., vol. v, p. 128. 

10 Printed in Philadelphia, by John Dunlap, in Market Street [1779], 
8vo, pp. 16. 

11 Printed, Philadelphia, by David C. Claypoole, MDCCLXXXI, 8vo, 
pp. 16. 

100 



laectot^l^tp ot SDr* iSl^asato 



In 1779, Mr. Magaw was elected rector of St. Paul's, Phila- 
delphia, but did not accept until 1781. Early in his incum- 
bency, the church was incorporated under the name and title 
of "The Minister Church Wardens and Vestrymen of the 
Episcopal Church of St. Paul, in the City Philadelphia, in the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania." The same being enacted 
into a law "at Philadelphia, the twenty- third day of Septem- 
ber, in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and 
eighty-three." 

Upon his removal to Philadelphia, he built and resided m a 
three-story brick mansion on the north side of Market Street 
above Eighth, thirty-three feet on Market Street, extending 
three hundred and six feet to Filbert Street. It was later 
occupied by Paul Beck, Esq., and was regarded as a show 
place. At Philadelphia, the man measured up to his opportu- 
nities and duties and obtained general esteem for clerical and 
administrative ability. From 1782 to 1791 he was Vice Pro- 
vost and professor of moral philosophy at the University of 
Pennsylvania, which, in 1783, gave hijn the D.D. degree. The 
American Philosophical Society, in 1784, elected him to mem- 
bership, and he was one of the secretaries thereof from 1785 to 
1799, and councillor six years from 1800. He assisted in found- 
ing the Academy of the Episcopal Church, which, for a time, 
was conducted next to St. Paul's Church at Third and Pear 
Streets." He and his father-in-law, Andrew Doz, were among 
its first trustees, as was John Baynton and others, of St. 
Paul's. For some time after its incorporation in 1792, he was 
president of the Academy for Young Ladies, started by John 

12 Still owned by the trustees of the Protestant Episcopal Church, deed 
dated April 10, 1792. For history of Episcopal Academy, see 
Academy v. Taylor, 30 Weekly Notes of Cases. Philadelphia [1892], 
p. 529. In 1809, Dr. Monges, the French refugee, and his family occu- 
pied it as a residence. Edward S. Sayres, Esq., a member of the Colonial 
Society, now has his law office in the building, dear to the heart of the 
antiquarian and scholar as the printing house of Kobert Bell, 1768-1784. 

101 



^i^totis of &t pauPiS Ctpi&copal C5utc8 

Poor, in Cherry Street, about 1787. The annual eommenee- 
ments in the churches, and street parades of this fashionable 
institution of learning were occasions of interest in the town.^^ 
Some of Mr. Magaw's addresses and prayers, then delivered, 
have been printed. 

Bishop White in his "Memoirs" makes honorable mention 
of the part taken by Doctor Magaw in 1784, in the early 
movement towards the organization of the Episcopal Church 
in the United States. This organization of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church is full of interest, and as St. Paul's, in the 
persons of her rector and lay delegates, was a factor in the 
movement, a brief outline of the constructive steps may be 
pertinent. 

At the time of the Revolution, Philadelphia had two par- 
ishes, Christ Church and St. Peter's which were united, and 
St. Paul's. A parish is a component number of Christians 
dwelling near together under one rector having the care of the 
souls therein. The parish is the ecclesiastical unit. It has no 
special legal signification in Pennsylvania and is merely used 
in its general sense." The true legal theory is that a parochial 
church is a consecrated place, having attached to it the rights 
of burial and the administration of the sacraments.^^ Legally, 
parishes are incorporated under the laws of Pennsylvania and 
that is their civil organization. Their ecclesiastical organiza- 
tion commences upon their admission by the diocesan conven- 
tion, and they are entitled to three lay deputies to represent 
the parish. The parishes elect their clergy. The clergy have 
seats in the convention "by right of orders," and represent 
themselves. In important matters the vote is taken in the 

13 Scharf and Westcott 's ' ' History of Philadelphia, ' ' vol. iii, p. 1923. 

" Quigg V. Tracy, 104 Pa, St. Eep., 493-498. 

isPawlet V. Clark, 9 Cranch U. S., 292-326; 3d Leg. Ed., 735. 

102 



Witctot0^ip ot SDt. Sl^asab) 



convention ''by orders," and a majority of the clergy and a 
majority of the laity, and, in some cases, the consent of the 
bishop, is necessary to the approval of the proposed action. 
The recognition of the rights of the laity was, from its organi- 
zation, insisted upon by the American Church. 

In May, 1783, the Rev. William Smith, D.D., lately provost 
of the University of Pennsylvania, and then president of 
Washington College, Maryland, called a convention of the 
Maryland clergy for the purpose of organizing the American 
Protestant Episcopal Church in that State. At the conven- 
tion of June following. Dr. Smith was chosen bishop of Mary- 
land, but, as the election was not approved by many, nor 
endorsed by the General Convention of 1786, he was not ele- 
vated to the episcopate. He was, however, a learned theo- 
logian and leader of men and of the Southern churches, a dele- 
gate to and several times president of the General Conven- 
tions. To him is owed the name, Protestant Episcopal 
Church. 

Agreeable to appointment, the first General Convention met 
at Christ Church, on St. Michael's Day, September 27, 1785. 
It should have consisted of clerical and lay delegates from the 
thirteen United States. Massachusetts, however, sent a letter 
but no delegate, and Connecticut declined to participate. Dr. 
White was chosen president. Three plans of organization had 
previously been considered: the New England idea was the 
primitive doctrine and Apostolic order; the Middle Colonies 
wanted a national church, "to be to all its members what the 
Federal government, then in process of construction, would be 
to its citizens ; ' ' Maryland and Virginia desired to secure the 
endowments and create an organization which would be 
recognized by law in the new government. Doctor White 
advocated the Federal plan. The Federal Constitution had 
not been formed, but the organization adopted was national 

103 



in its scope, in that it was formed by the States and composed 
of two orders, clergy and laity, each State being sovereign as 
to its religious affairs. A Triennial Convention was pro- 
vided, of which the Bishops should be ex-officio members. 
A liturgy was also provided, which was substantially the 
English prayer-book modified to conform to the new condi- 
tions. The modifications were not radical, generally speak- 
ing, but modifications of form, natural omissions relating to 
the King and Royal Family, and some small changes in 
doctrine. 

The Archbishops and Bishops of England, as represent- 
ing the Mother Church, were then addressed and requested 
to consecrate such Bishops as the Convention might nominate. 
This the English authorities refused until after the Conven- 
tion held at Wilmington, Delaware, in October, 1786, when, 
learning that the power of the laity was not aggressive, that 
the Nicene and Apostles' creeds were unchanged, and that 
the English prayer-book had not been repudiated, they con- 
sented to consecrate as Bishops, William White of Pennsyl- 
vania and Samuel Provoost of New York, 

The second General Convention of the Episcopal Church 
was held at Christ Church, September 14, 1786, and it was 
at this time that the Reverend William White was chosen 
Bishop. Dr. Magaw and his assistant. Dr. Pilmore, were both 
present and voted for him. After consecration in the arch- 
episcopal palace chapel, Lambeth, England, February 4, 1787, 
Bishop White returned to Philadelphia, where, on May 28, 
he held the first ordination in Christ Church, admitting Mr. 
Joseph Clarkson to the deaconate. Dr. Magaw preached the 
ordination sermon, a printed copy of which is preserved in 
the Loganian Library. In the dedication to Bishop White, 
the author alluded to the greatness of the occasion which 
required its delivery and, in concluding his discourse, said : " a 

104 




BORN 1748 
PA. B. A. 1765. 
DEACON 1770-1772. 

FROM A COPY IN POSSESSION OF N0RRI6 8. BARRATT. 



ASSISTANT MINISTER 1772-1779. 
RECTOR 1779-1836. 
BISHOP OF PENNSYLVANIA 1787-1836. 



Witctotfi^ip ot SDr. iSl^asab) 



new era hath opened in our church that will be remembered 
forever. Our Episcopal system is completed; the first fruits 
of so distinguished an event come forward on the present day. 
I join with thousands to meet and welcome the blessing." 

The General Convention of 1789 — the First General Con- 
vention of the United Protestant Episcopal Church — met, for 
eight days, in the Assembly Room of Independence Hall, by 
the consent of Thomas Miflflin, Esqr., President of the State, 
and during its session there, occurred the union of the 
churches of New England with those of the Middle and 
Southern States. The House of Bishops, as a separate body, 
was formed, the first President bishop (Bishop Seabury) 
elected, the Constitution of the Church agreed upon, and the 
Prayerbook, in its present form, adopted.^^ 

The first convention of the Episcopal Church in Pennsyl- 
vania met at Christ Church, May 23, 1785, and formed an act 
of association of the clergy and congregations in the State. 
The delegates from St. Paul's were Plunket Fleeson, John 
Wood and Andrew Doz. Of the first twenty-nine annual 
diocesan conventions, all but one were held in Christ Church, 
and that, the Fourth, was held in St. Paul's, 20 May, 1788. 

Dr. Magaw, although not a Freemason, was held in high 
esteem by that body, so much so that, it printed his sermons 
delivered in St. Paul 's before the fraternity, viz. : — on the 
anniversary of St. John the Evangelist, December 27, 1783,^^^* 
and dedicated to Chevalier de Luzerne, the French Minister 
to the United States, as well as that delivered in 1793. 

On St. John's Day, Friday, December 27, 1793, Dr. Magaw 
preached a charity sermon at St. Paul's Church, his subject 
being, ** Things Lovely and of Good Report," before the 
Grand and Subordinate Lodges of Freemasons for the pur- 

15 See Appendix E, pp. 214-215. 

15a Freemasonry in Pennsylvania, Barratt-Sachee, vol. ii, pp. 196, 130, 
67-8. 

105 



^tieitor^ ot &t ^aviV0 episcopal C|^urc| 

pose of increasing the Relief Fund. There is a well founded 
tradition that President Washington was present^®^ upon this 
occasion and that he gave ample contribution to this fund. 
This latter fact is proven by the following minute in the 

' " St. John's Day^ December, 

" Grand Lodge 27th, 1793. 

''' Resolved, that Bros. [Thomas] Procter and [John] Poor be 
requested to wait upon his Excellency, Bro George Washington, with 
the Compliments of the Day, and respectful Thanks of the Grand 
Lodge for his generous Donation to the Poor." 

The following Masonic prayer was made by Rev. Dr. Magaw 

before his sermon at St. Paul 's : 

" Thou who sittest between the Cherubims ! eternal in excellency ! 
and builder of all worlds! Wisdom, strength and beauty dwell with 
thee ! Thy being we adore ! Thy works we view with wonder ! and in 
the midst of these, the pillars of thy Temple, we trace the Stately 
footsteps of the Great I Am! May the proportion, order and ar- 
rangement, there so brightly visible, convey an assimilating influence 
to the temple of human minds! 

" Center of Happiness ! from whom we have turned away — " Raise 
up, we pray thee, thy power, and come among us." R^new that 
sweet attraction, by which we shall again, come near to thee; and 
live, and move, and duly act, in the honorable places thou didst 
assign us from the beginning. 

" Source of Light ! destroy the covering of darkness, cast over so 
many faces! Send thy purifying radiance that we may be light in 
thee! By the leading of thy truth, as by the kindly star in yonder 



16a Ordinarily, when in Philadelphia, Washington attended Christ 
Church, though a letter from Bishop White of August 15, 1835, is the 
evidence upon which Washington's attendance at St. Peter's clearly 
rests. ' ' During the war, ' ' writes the good Bishop, ' ' whenever he was in 
this city, and since, having rented a house near my other Church (St. 
Peter's) has attended there." "Saint Peter's Sesquicentennial Year 
Book," p. xl. 

For Bishop White on Washington's religious character, see dedication 
of a sermon, from Deut. xxxiii, 27, published Feb., 1795; and sermon 
preached Dec, 1799, after Washington's decease; also, Address from 
the Episcopal Church to President Washington after his first election, 
printed in the Journal; White's "Memoirs "; Wilson's Life of, p. 190 
et seq. 

106 



PRAYER, 

DELIVERED iir St. PAUL'* CHURCH 

PHILADELPHIA, 

On WEDNESDAY, 2'jth December^ 1786. 

B E 1 N O T H e 

Anniverfary of St John the 
Evangelist; 

AFTER THE PROPER DIVINE SERVICE OP THE DAT, 

Aid hfort the SERMON 

TO THE HONORABLE FRATERNITY OP 

The Free and Accepted Masoks 
0/ PENNSYLVANIA. 

By Da. M A G A W. 



PHILADELPHIA: 
Printed by E L E A Z E R OSWALD, 

AT THE CoFFEE-HouSE. 
M,DCC,LXXXVII. 

Facsimile of Title Page of Prayer, 1786. 
107 



A SERMON, 

BBLIVSBSP IB 

St. Paulas Church, Philaoelphea* 

OntheajthofDsesuBss, 1793 s 

BE I N o 

St. John the Evangelist's Day; 

IN THE PAESENCB 09 

The^nnitiCoDse of ^rmtfplbsni^ 

VO VRZCM IS VftEFZxio 

A Prayer, befoxe the Sermon* 

Futlijhcd ei their Repttfi^ 



Ftotcd by e.^JftDalU, No. 156, Market- 

Street) South, between Fourth & Filth^Strects. 

M,DCC,XCIV. 

Facsimile of Title Page to Sermon, 1793. 



108 



JXtctot^^ip o( Sdc. iSt^asato 



East, manifest the EVERLASTING WORD! Shew us the bright- 
ness of the Father's glory. 

"God of Love! who has made it divinely known, that all our do- 
ings, without charity, are nothing worth, pour into our hearts that 
most perfect gift, the very bond of purified communications, and of 
all the virtues ! Impart to us the spirit that should endure ; the graces 
that should adorn; the skill that should accomplish workmen^ who 
need not be ashamed — Give the generous wish — the feeling heart; 
and, when there is opportunity, the liberal hand ! 

" Father of All! who are no respector of persons — ere long, may 
every kindred and people, from the east, and from the west, from 
the north and from the south, see thy great salvation ! and be asso- 
ciated into one brotherhood — and their symbol, and their name, be 
one! Reveal over the whole earth, the mystery hid from ages — the 
decree of deliverance through SHILOH, who is come! 

" Bountiful sovereign ! bestow furtherance and blessing upon all 
who breathe benevolence, and strive to dwell together in unity! Re- 
fresh them as with the dew of Hermon! Enrich them as with the gold 
of Ophir! Put on them beautiful gannents! and let them be all- 
glorious within! 

" Infinite of Goodness ! Friend of Man ! Countenance, in particu- 
lar, thy servants here present on this occasion — persons of various 
orders, and several denominations; yet declaring to consent in this 
one business — to love one another, and to do extensive' offices of 
kindness^, Preserve unbroken, this ancient bond! Brighten this 
chain of venerable friendship! Keep them, from the evil that is in 
the world! Suffer them not to touch an unhallowed thing, nor con- 
fushion to mar their work! May all the building, fitly framed to- 
gether, grow unto an holy temple in the Lord." 

" Send them, this day with their companions numerous and true, 
as favorable angels, to soften the distress of thy poor; to reach some 
clothing to the shivering naked; to deal their bread to the hungry; to 
comfort the destitute, the languishing, and the sorrowful; to save 
them, from perishing! 

" As long as there is one afflicted traveler in the world's wildness, 
let there not be wanting many of these good Samaritans ! 

" And now while we thank thee, liberal Bestower of favors ! that 
the voice of gladness and health is restored to so many of our dwell- 
ings, we ask these further gifts, to crown our happiness. The tend- 
erest feeling of our neighbor's woe; the grace and generosity to 
share in others sorrows, as well as joys; the will and the ability to 
show we love as brethren! 

109 



^i0tot]f ot &t ^mV0 episcopal Cl^utcl^ 

" That, as shrines in some venerable sanctuary, every association 
among them may be holiness unto the Lord: that these states may 
prosper, and all the people praise thee — ^be pleased, thou Lover of 
Concord! to continue our National Confederacy: May its glory still 
appear: and the goodly fellowship pass along with increasing char- 
acter of Millions yet unborn. 

"May all that can make great and free, and happy, distinguish 
the land we live in! Let it be blessed of the Most High, for the 
precious things of the earth, and fulness thereof. Let our men, be 
[not] few, nor unacceptable to their brethren! May our sons grow 
up as the young plants, and our daughters be as the polished comers 
of the Temple ! 

" May the lamp of Science bum clear in these climes of freedom ; 
and our Golden Candlesticks never be removed! May wisdom com- 
petent to every exigency, and fortitude superior to danger, may 
incurruptible fidelity and care to execute the trust committed to them 
inspire our Civil Rulers, and all the Representatives of the people. — 

" Finally — That we may remain the objects of thy loving kind- 
ness — a People whom the Lord Jehovah will defend and prosper; and 
whose posterity he will be in the midst of forever; May pure Reli- 
gion and such unblemished manners as will shed a dignity on our 
Christian calling, prevail among us! — 

" And may the glory of the latter House be greater than the for- 
mer; and in this place may the Lord of Hosts give harmony and 
peace. — As long as the Sun and Moon shall endure, through our only 
mediator and advocate Christ Jesus — "^^ 

For many years, in Philadelphia, the anniversary of Wash- 
ington 's birth had been made the occasion of formal demon- 
stration by groups of patriotic societies. The city dancing 
assembies in 1791, and subsequent years, gave balls, and the 
militia paraded and banquetted. Among the last Acts of 
Congress vs^hile in Philadelphia, was a resolution recommend- 
ing that the Twenty-second of February, 1800, should be 
observed throughout the United States, as a day set apart for 
exercises to express the popular esteem for the virtues of 
Washington. In accordance with this suggestion, as Wash- 
ington was a member of the craft, the Freemasons of Phila- 

17 "Freemasonry in Pennsylvania," Barratt and Sachse, vol. ii, p. 193. 

110 



JSitctotfi'^ip ot SDr. Sl^asah) 



delphia, viz.: The French Lodge L'Amenite, No. 73, Bro. 
Joseph E. G. M. de la Grange, Master; Philadelphia Lodge, 
No. 72, Brother Christian Sheetz, Master; Orange Lodge, 
No. 71, Brother William Nelson, Master; Concordia Lodge, 
No. 67, Brother Henry Voigt, Master pro tern; Washington 
Lodge, No. 59, Brother John Mcllwee, Master; Harmony 
Lodge, No. 52, Brother George Springer, Master; Lodge No. 
19, Brother Captain John Coyle, Master; Lodge No. 9, 
Brother Captain Andrew Nilson, Master; Lodge No. 3, 
Brother Colonel John Baker, Master pro tem, and Lodge No. 
2, Brother Colonel John Phillips, Master, assembled at their 
hall at the State-House on that day, and from there marched 
to Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church, southeast corner 
Fourth and Cherry Streets. An appropriate sermon was 
delivered to the fraternity by Mr. Magaw. "The pathetic 
and elegant oration" was subsequently printed. 

Others of his sermons reached publication, among which 
may be mentioned: "A Discourse Occasioned by the mournful 
catastrophe through Fire which overwhelmed and Destroyed 
Mr. Andrew Brown,^^ his Wife and Three Children Deliv- 
ered in St. Paul's Church, Sunday Afternoon February 5, 
1797." Printed by Ormrod & Conrad, 41 Chestnut Street, For 
the Benefit of the two Young Women,^* Mr. Brown's domes- 
tics sufferers by the Fire.^^ Also, A Discourse, Delivered in 
Christ Church, on the Decease of Mrs. Mary White, consort of 
the Reverend William White, D.D., December 17, 1797. The 
subject touching the resurrection of the dead.^^ 

18 Founder and editor of the Federal Gazette, the only newspaper to 
remain in the city during the yellow-fever epidemic of 1793. Mr. Brown 
and family were buried in St. Paul 's ground. 

18 A copy of this publication is owned by The Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania. 

20 See Dr. Benjamin Bush's "Memoirs," p. 154, for account of thiB 
fire, as well as the appendix to the published sermon. 

21 See Elizabeth Drinker 's ' ' Journal, ' ' p. 332. 

Ill 



Dr. Magaw married before 25 December, 1775, Lucia Doz, 
daughter of Andrew Doz, vestryman of St. Paul's, by bis wife 
Rebecca Cash. Mrs. Magaw died in July, 1790. The discourse, 
at her death, was printed-- at the request of Mr. Magaw. 

The death of Dr. Magaw occurred, as before stated, Decem- 
ber 1, 1812. His funeral took place from the residence of 
Dr. Pilmore, No. 171 South Fifth Street. 

22 "A Discourse, Delivered in St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia, Sunday, 
July 25, 1790, On Occasion of the Death of Mrs. Lucia Magaw, wife of 
the Eev. Samuel Magaw, D.D., and now published at his Bequest, by 
Joseph Bend, A.M., Assistant Minister of Christ Church and St. Peter's, 
Phila. Printed by William Young, bookseller, at the corner of Second 
and Chestnut Streets, 1790. Copy of, to be found in The Historical So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania. 



112 




REV. JOSEPH PILMORE, D. D. 



BORN ENGLAND, OCTOBER 3. 1733 ; 
DIED PHILADELPHIA, JULY 24, 1825, AND BURIED IN ST. PAUL'S CHURCH NEAR THE COMMUNION TABLE. 



FROM COPY ID POSSESSION OF NORRIS S. BA 




THE RECTORSHIP OF DR. PILMORE 

1804-1821 

HE Reverend Joseph Pilmore, D.D., assistant min- 
d ^ ister, January 17, 1789, to February, 1794 ; rector 

■ I from March 5, 1804, to February 5, 1821, was 

^^^J/ born October 31, 1739,^ in the village of Tad- 
mouth, in Yorkshire, England, and died in Phila- 
delphia, July 24, 1825. His parents were members of the 
Church of England, but he, as a lad of sixteen, formed the 
acquaintance of the Reverend John Wesley, then travelling 
through England and was by him eventually drawn into the 
ministry. 

Educated at Wesley's famous Kingswood School, he was 
universally admitted to have been not only a man of consid- 
erable learning, but of great force of character. Completing 
his studies, he attached himself to the Society of Methodists 
for which he was appointed to teach and preach, and did so 
in England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales for several years. 
The narrative of his labors in South Wales, performed partly 
in company with John Wesley, in 1767 and 1768, contains a 
graphic account of the religious state of that territory, with 
notices of ancestral castles and natural curiosities, the whole 
illustrative of the early history of Methodism. 

1 Appleton 's ' ' Cyclopaedia of American Biography, ' ' vol. v, pp. 20-1. 
9 113 



At a conference at Leeds, England, in 1769, Richard Board- 
man and Joseph Pilmore offered themselves to Wesley for work 
as missionaries in America. They landed at Gloucester Point, 
New Jersey, October 24, 1769, and Mr. Pilmore preached from 
Maine to Georgia at a time when travel was most difficult, 
and often only possible by coasting vessels or on horse back. 
His objective mission was to establish Methodism in Phila- 
delphia. Upon his arrival at Philadelphia, in October, 1769,^ 
he preached from the state-house steps, from stands in race 
fields, rode the circuit with his library in his saddle bags, 
held the first Methodist meeting at an inn in Loxley's Court, 
and established and dedicated St. George's Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, on the east side of Fourth Street near Vine 
Street, and had the honor of having been its first pastor. In 
1777-1778, when the British army occupied Philadelphia, St. 
George's Church was used as a cavalry riding school. From 
it has sprung, directly or indirectly, all the Methodist churches 
in Philadelphia, and it is, to-day, the oldest Methodist Episco- 
pal Church in continuous use in the world. 

Mr. Pilmore, affectionately called Father Pilmore, came 
upon a mission from Wesley, and it must not be forgotten 
that, at this period Methodism was a missionary movement in 
the Church of England. It did not become an independent 
church until after the celebrated meeting of Thomas Coke and 
Francis Asbury, at Barratt's Chapel in Kent County, Dela- 

2 Mr. Pilmore wrote from Philadelphia to Mr. Wesley, October 31, 1769, 
as follows: 

"Eeverend Sir: 

"We are safely arrived here after a tedious passage of nine weeks. 
I have preached several times and the people flock to hear in multitudes. 
Sunday evening I went out on the Common. I had the stage appointed 
for the horse-race for my pulpit, and I think, between four and five thou- 
sand hearers, who heard with attention, still as night. The people in gen- 
eral like to hear the word and seem to have some idea of Salvation by 
grace. ' ' 

114 



Witctot0^ip ot 2Dr. pilmoce 



ware, in November, 1784,^ when the preliminaries were 
arranged that were subsequently adopted by the Christmas 
conference at Baltimore, under which the Methodist Church 
was organized as it exists to-day. By nine months it antedated 
the formal organization of the Protestant Episcopal Church, 
elsewhere alluded to. The separation was caused by the great 
error of Lowth, Bishop of London, who refused Wesley's re- 
quest to ordain at least two clergymen who could administer 
the sacraments in America, with the result that, the Church of 
England lost one hundred thousand of its most active members, 
at a time they could be illy spared. One difficulty, perhaps the 
greatest, was the union of Church and State, so opposed by 
Americans, which made it impossible for the English state 
church to ordain those who would not swear allegiance to the 
British Crown. 

In or about 1774, Mr. Pilmore was appointed by Mr. Wesley 
to missionary work in Ireland, with principal charge of the 
churches. Having labored there some years he was sent to 
Scotland, and while in Scotland came into personal relations 
with Samuel Seabury,* then, or about to be. Bishop of Con- 
necticut with the result that, he sought orders in the Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church, and was ordained deacon by Bishop 
Seabury, November 27, 1785, and advanced to the priesthood, 
two days later, by the same bishop. Shortly afterward, he be- 
came rector of the three united parishes of Trinity, Oxford, 
All Saint's, Lower Dublin and St. Thomas, Whitemarsh, in 
the vicinity of Philadelphia. A copy of a rare print of him, 
engraved by Charles Wilson Peale, in 1787, is here inserted, 
together with fac-simile of title page of his Charity Sermon 
at St. Paul's, December 27, 1786. 

His zeal as a priest and popularity as a preacher led to his 

3 Ante, Note 4, p. 98. 

*Foulson's American Daily Advertiser, July 30, 1825. 

115 



appointment as assistant minister at St. Paul's, in January, 
1789, in which capacity he remained until February, 1794. 
In the latter year he received and accepted a call to Christ 
Church, then a new church, in New York City, where he 
labored acceptably ten years. At the end of this decade of 
service he returned to St. Paul's, to the rectorate of which 
he had been elected March 5, 1804. His withdrawal from St. 
Paul's to New York was a grief to many. "There were mem- 
bers of the Church who had been converted under his early 
ministry in his native country and had followed him to this 
adopted land ; there were others, who had been brought by his 
instrumentality to the knowledge of the truth while he was a 
Methodist preacher in this City; besides very many to whom 
his word had been made the power of God unto salvation while 
he ministered in St. Paul's Church. These circumstances 
formed [between pastor and people] the peculiar and most- 
tender bond of gospel love."^ 

At the beginning of his official connection with St. Paul's, 
his first residence was near Poole's Bridge, in the upper part 
of Second Street. After his marriage he lived in a very plain 
three-story brick house, on the east side of Fifth Street mid- 
way between Spruce and Pine Streets, and standing back 
ten feet from the street line. 

While assistant to Dr. Magaw, he passed through the yellow 
fever scourge of 1793 with hazard to himself and great use- 
fulness to his ministry among the afflicted people. He was 
indeed attacked by the disease but recovered.^ Many of St. 
Paul's people are known to have died during the epidemic 

5 A Sermon, preached at the Consecration of St. Paul 'a Church, Phila- 
delphia, January 1, 1831. B7 Stephen H. Tyng, A.M., Eector of said 
Church. Published by the Vestry, and printed by WiUiam Stavely, No. 
99 South Second Street. 

6 Carey 's ' ' Short Account of the Malignant Fever, Lately Prevalent 
in Philadelphia," etc., Phila., 1793, pp. 120, Appendix 10. 

116 



Kfctotjaf^ip of SDt. ^ilmott 



of whose burial there is no record. The following received the 
rights of sepulcher in its churchyard, with the committal of 
its clergy: 



Jane Ameran 
John Beaty 
John Bright 's son 
Benjamin Bodger's son 
William Cameron 
Mr. Coxe's son-in-law 
William Gathers 
George Claypoole 
William Claypoole 's child 

Cromwell's wife 

James Dogherty's daughter 

John Davis 

Mrs. Davis 

Elizabeth Davis 

Richard Davy 

Joshua Dawson's child 

Mrs. Duplessis 

David Elders 

Edward Edward's son 

Thomas Fenton, Junr. 

Mrs. Field 

Francis Finley 

Mrs, Fox's son 

Dr. Peter Glenworth 

Mary Godin 

Mrs. Holmes 

George Hinton 

Samuel Johnston, printer 

Mathias Keen's dau. 

Michael Lewis' son 

Edward Langman 

Mrs. Lohra 



Thomas Lapsley's wife & child 
Mrs. Lane 
William Morrison 
Michael Murphy's daughter 
James MoUeneaux's daughter 
Mrs. Muskitts 
.... Musketts 
Francis Marey 
Joseph Norman's wife 
Matthew Parker and son 
Mrs. Parker 
Benjamin Pitfield 
William Purvis' wife 
Abraham Robinson 
William Stiles and his appren- 
tice, stone-cutters 
William Stiles, Jr. 
Mrs. Stiles 
Ashfield Stevenson 
Mrs. Stevenson's daughter 
Captain Strong's daughter 
Faucis Shafner's wife 
Christopher Search 
Zachariah Thomas 
Zachariah Thorn 
Andrew Tennick's wife 
John Warton 

Joseph Whitehead and child 
John Wood, watchmaker 
Leighton Wood's wife 
Ann Wilson 
Joseph Wright's wife 



It was at this time that the great philanthropist, Stephen 
Girard, distinguished himself in ministering to his stricken 
fellow citizens. Girard attended services at St. Paul's occa- 
sionally and was there married, June 6, 1777, to Mary Lum. 

Situated in the principal residential section of the city, the 

117 



^fisitot? ot felt paurjef (Cpt^copal CfiurcS 

Church had as neighbors during the constructive period of 
the nation's history, many of the makers thereof. James 
Wilson lived at the southwest corner of Third and Walnut 
Streets, called Fort Wilson during the riots of 1779. Alex- 
ander Hamilton occupied No. 79, South Third Street, a part 
of the present building of the Insurance Company of North 
America. Robert Morris dispensed hospitality at Sixth Street 
and High, now Market, Street, with Washington next door. 
Dr. Edmund Physick practiced his profession from the fine 
square building on the east side of Fourth Street near 
Spruce, still in the occupancy of a descendant. The Samuel 
Powel house, where Washington "dined and drank tea," was 
at 244 (new number) South Third Street; and that of Gen- 
eral John Cadwalader, ''whose furniture and house exceeded 
anything" John Adams had before seen, was on the west 
«ide of Second Street below Spruce, opposite Little Dock 
Street, in the garden of which, running to Third Street, the 
famous Silk Stocking Company was drilled. But the list is 
loo long to further enumerate. 

.Washington, during the yellow fever period of 1793, lived 
in Germantown, on the west side of Main Street opposite 
Market Square, and again in the summer of 1794, from July 
until late in September. 

Dr. Pilmore's second priestly relation and first rectorship 
of St. Paul 's was a marked one, ' ' as the popular applause and 
the testimony of crowded audiences for many years before his 
death loudly proclaimeth. " His bearing was noble and 
dignified, his countenance intellectual and benignant, and his 
appearance prepossessing. His preaching was fervid and 
simple, to which his melodious voice and effective gestures 
gave great power. 

He knew every member of his congregation personally, 

118 



Witctot0^ip ot SDt. pilmou 




2^ 



'13 . 

(U o 

tn 1-1 

> 2 



^ "■ 



F^ CD 

oj a) -^ 

o 03 HH 






fi ,2 



02 "rc) 

m 



"^ S ^ 7" 



Q 2 



-a !2; 



ns ^ 



5^ ^ 3 > 



^ © o 



<t3 w 



^ M 



H 2 



O S3 



« CO 
c3 -^ 



-^ pq 

02 -^ 

'^ o 

•^ -a D< 

.2 I g 

•- ^ ^ 

ew CO -^^ 

O rH ^, 

^^ cS 



^ 2 

o r^ 



119 



frequently visited them at their homes and was regarded by 
most of them as a member of the family. One of his con- 
temporaries said of him: 

" Times without number have I have seen him, and very often have 
I heard him preach, with an energy peculiar to himself, and seen 
him thump his chest and the pulpit cushion vehemently. His ac- 
tion was but the outpouring of his spirit. His obvious faihng by 
the advance of years and long service made it necessary that an as- 
sistant should be provided, and to this end the Reverend Benjamin 
Allen was selected. 

" Still the old gentleman could not be kept out of the pulpit alto- 
gether, and near the close of his useful life, it was said that the 
sermon was pretty much the same, no matter what was the text. This 
resulted not from want of energy, but from manifest failure of mem- 
ory." 

The manuscript archives of The Historical Society of Penn- 
sylvania contain a thin octavo volume, titled ''Book of Heads 
of Sermons with the Application," made by Dr. Pilmore in 
181 6. From this, it is possible to know something of the kind 
of spiritual food St. Paul's congregation received on "Sunday 
afternoon, June 9 " ; * ' Sunday morning, June 30, " or " Wed- 
nesday night before the Communion, July 3, ' ' 1816, etc. 

A further testimony to his breadth of vision and methodical 
habit, is to be found in the care with which he preserved the 
list of marriages performed by him, and transcribed the 
same into the "Records of St. Paul's," with the preface: 
"Wishing to promote order and peace in society, I have 
resolved to transcribe from my private register a list of all 
the persons whom I have joined in matrimony in Phila- 
delphia."^ 

The greatest service rendered by Dr. Pilmore to St. Paul's 
was, perhaps, the creation of its Sunday-school. His spiritual 
eyes had caught the vision of the serried host of youth drawn 

7 " Pennsylvania Archives," second series, vol. ix, pp. 462-469, 482-494. 

120 



SERMON, 

FREACHED in St. PAULS CHtJRCH 

PHILADELPHIA, 

On WEDNESDAY, vith^ December^ 172^. 

BEING THE 

Anniverfary of St. JOHN the 

Evangelist : 

FOR THE RELIEF OF THE POOR : 

BEFORE THE HONOURABLE FRATERNITY OF 

The FREE AND ACCEPTE D MASONS 

Of PENNSYLJ^ANIA, 

By the Rev. JOSEPH PILMORE, 

Rfftor of the united Churches of Trinity, St. Thomas, and All-Sainu. 

H C>lAAAE/vOrA MEMETfl 

N E W -r R K: 

PRINTED AND SOLD BY "WILLIAM DUREX.L, AT. 

HIS BOOK-STORE AND PRINTING-OFFICE 

NO. 19, aUEEN-STREET. 

MjDCC,XCin. 

Facsimile of Title Page of Sermon, 1786. 
121 



heavenward by this agency, his spiritual ears had heard the 
echoes of the hymns of praise that would resound through its 
halls in the coming years, and by faith he furthered with his 
strength the effort to begin at this church, the first Episcopal 
Sunday-school in Philadelphia, indeed, in this land.^ 

Possessed of a sympathetic soul and much experience as a 
traveller, he was the instrument of helpfulness to many of 
his countrymen in Philadelphia, in consideration of which 
the Society of the Sons of St. George elected him an honorary 

8 Robert Eaikes [1735-1811] a publisher and philanthropist, intro- 
duced the first Sunday-school in England at Gloucester in 1780, thirty- 
six years before, but Dr. Julius F. Sachse in his learned history "The 
Grerman Sectaries of Pennsylvania" [1900], page 308, states that " the 
mystics of Cocalico by Brother Obed at Ephrata in Pennsylvania intro- 
duced the Sabbath school system forty years before Raikes gathered the 
children together in Gloucester,England. The honor of introducing Sunday- 
schools in Philadelphia belongs to the Second Presbyterian Congregation, 
Northwest corner Third and Arch Streets, Philadelphia, through John P. 
Bankson, afterwards of St. Paul 's, and to Grand Master Samuel F. Brad- 
ford of the masonic fraternity who was also a member of that congrega- 
tion, as shown by the following minute of the Grand Lodge of Pennsyl- 
vania, vol. iii, p. 377, under date of March 20, 1815, viz.: The R. W. 
Grand Master having made an Address on the Importance of the estab- 
lishment of a School for Teaching unlearned Adults to read the Holy 
Scriptures, It was On Motion made and Seconded, 

Resolved, That the Grand Officers, Samuel F. Bradford, R. W. Grand 
Master; Walter Kerr, R. "W. Deputy Grand Master; Bayse Newcomb, 
Jr., Senior Grand Warden; Joseph Barnes, R. W. Junior Grand War- 
den; George A. Baker, E. W. Grand Secretary; Richard Bache, R. W. 
Grand Treasurer, and Four other Members of this Grand Lodge, to be 
appointed by the Grand Master, be a Committee to establish in any 
Apartment or Apartments of the Building [Chestnut St. Hall], Except- 
ing the Grand Lodge room, a Sunday- School for the teaching unlearned 
Adults to read the Holy Scripture without Note or commentary, the 
Funds, if any should be found necessary, to be raised by Voluntary sub- 
scriptions among the Fraternity or other Benevolently disposed persons, 
and that said Committee immediately take the necessary steps to carry 
this resolution into effect. 

The R. W. Grand Master was pleased to Appoint the following 
'Brethren to compose, in conjunction with the Grand Officers, the above 
mentioned Committee, to wit: Andrew M. Prevost, Peter A. Browne, 
Samuel Lippinoott, T. and Thomas Entrikin. 

122 




1810. 



THE CATHEDRA. 1916. 



Witctot^^ip ot 2DC, piltttote 



member, April 23, 1791. A tribute to his memory was deliv- 
ered before the Society at Head's Mansion House Hotel, 
April 24, 1826, which in part described him as: ''A man of 
vigorous and active intellect, . . . and one of the most zealous 
advocates of the doctrines and discipline of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. Being a native of England, he uniformly 
maintained and cherished an ardent attachment to its gov- 
ernment, laws, and established religion; and was ever ready 
to assist his countrymen when involved in difficulties, both 
with his counsel and purse. . . . Though married, yet having 
no children, his domestic expenses were small, and he was 
thereby, through the exercise of temperance and frugality, 
'that he might give to him who needed,' enabled to 
accumulate a very handsome independence, with a consider- 
able portion of which he has generously endowed our chari- 
table institution." 

In this connection it should be said that the good doctor's 
will provided for the payment of certain specified legacies, 
and that the residue of his estate should be divided into two 
parts, one half towards the support of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church in the State of Pennsylvania, to be paid to the 
Treasurer for the time being. The other half to the Society 
of the Sons of St. George, established in Philadelphia for the 
advice and assistance of Englishmen in distress. Richard 
North and John Matthews, Esqrs., vestrymen of St. Paul's, 
were made executors. Testator and executors are buried at 
St. Paul's, the former within the church. 

The University of Pennsylvania conferred upon him the 
degree of D.D. in 1807. He published The Renovation of 
Man. Being the Substance of a Sermon Delivered in St. 
Paul's Church (Philadelphia, 1792) ; "Narrative of Labors 
in South Wales " (Philadelphia, 1825), and left in manuscript, 

123 



^i^totjf ot &t pauPiEf (Episcopal Cluttl 

an account of his ''Travels and Trials and Preaching" in vari- 
ous American Colonies. 

He is said to have been twice married and to have had one 
child, a daughter, who died in her minority. About 1790, in 
Philadelphia, he married Mary (Benezet) Wood, widow of 
Joseph "Wood, formerly of Georgia, and daughter of Daniel 
Benezet, Esq., by his wife Elizabeth North. Mrs. Pilmore 
was baptized at Christ Church, April 20, 1756, and died at 
her country-seat in Oxford township on Friday, July 1, 
] 808." She was buried in Christ Church ground. 

Dr. Pilmore resigned the rectorate of St. Paul's in 1821, 
when the shadows began to lengthen quickly. He died in the 
eighty-sixth year of his age, July 24, 1825, honored and loved 
by all to whom he was known. His obituary, in the Phila- 
delphia press, said in conclusion: 

"His labors were blessed to the conversion of many. He 
preached the Gospel faithfully, and labored zealously for the 
conversion of his fellow sinners; very many of whom look to 
him as their spiritual father. He has gone to that Master 
whom he remembered when almost every earthly friend was 
forgotten, and we doubt not has entered into that rest which 
remaineth for the people of God."" 

10 Small 's ' ' Genealogical Eecords, ' ' Small, Albright, Latimer, Benezet, 
etc., p. 211. 

^'i^ Paulson's Daily Advertiser, July 30, 1825. 



124 




1821-1829. 




EECTORSHIP OF THE EEV. BENJAMIN ALLEN 

1821-1829 

^I^M^^^ Keverend Benjamin Allen, Jr., rector from 
y ^ I August 27, 1821, to January, 1829, born at 
A I Hudson, New York, September 29, 1789, whither 

^^^^f his parents had but lately removed from Ehode 
Island, died at sea, January 13, 1829. At eleven 
years of age he left school and entered his father's store as 
a clerk. Subsequently, while pursuing his studies he had 
charge of the store connected with the Rensselaer glass fac- 
tory, in Berlin, Rensselaer County, near Albany. He entered 
the Hudson Academy under Ashbel Strong, and also studied 
under the Reverend Samuel Blatchford, D.D. 

Originally a Presbyterian, he became a churchman through 
Bishop Richard Channing Moore, of Virginia, who licensed 
him as a lay reader to Prince William and Stafford Counties, 
Virginia, November 25, 1814. Of his visit to the saintly 
Reverend William Meade at Milwood, Frederick, now Clarke 
County, Virginia, and his resulting labors in Virginia and 
elsewhere. Bishop Meade has given a pen picture^ well 
worthy of reproduction : 

" On Christmas eve, in the year 1814, a little after dark, there en- 
tered into my house a gentleman who introduced himself to me as 

1 Meade 's * * Old Churches, Ministers, and Families of Virginia, ' ' vol. 
ii, pp. 304 et seq. 

125 



m^tot^ ot fet laaurs! (Episcopal CJurcl 



Mr. Allen, from New York, with letters of introduction from Bishop 
Moore and Dr. Wilmer, certifying that he was a candidate for Or- 
ders, and wished employment as a lay-reader. Although the roads 
were in their worst condition, much rain having fallen, he had in two 
short days walked from Alexandria to my house, about sixty miles. 
Carrying him with me to the Old Chapel [the Bishop's parish church] 
the next day, we met with Mr. Beverley Whiting and his sister Miss 
Betsy, from Jefferson county, who had, as they and others near them 
afterward did, come about fifteen miles to church through bad roads. 
Into their hands I consigned Mr. Allen, on a horse which I had lent 
him. In just two weeks he returned in high spirits. He had itin- 
erated through the whole of Jefferson and Berkeley Counties, found 
out all the principal families who were still attached to Church, es- 
tablished at least twelve places for service, and received a kind invi- 
tation from Mr. Whiting and his sister to bring his little family to 
their house and make it a home for the present. To Alexandria he 
immediately returned, where his wife and infant were, and without 
delay, in a spell of bitter cold weather in the month of January, 
brought them up in a road-waggon of Mr. Whiting's, on its return 
from Alexandria, to which it had carried a load of flour. Mr. Whit- 
ing's was his home for a considerable time, — for years indeed; and 
even after a parsonage was provided his visits to that abode of hos- 
pitality were frequent and long. From this time until the year 1821 
with feeble health, the pressure of debt upon him, and a growing fam- 
ily, he perhaps rode as great a distance, preached as often, studied his 
Bible as much, and prepared as many things for the press as any 
man of his day. No one had a better opportunity than myself of 
knowing this, for I had often to go the rounds with him, doing more 
duty from necessity than I ever did before or have done since. 
Sleeping in the room with him, often have I seen him watch the 
morning light with his little Bible, and reading it when others were 
sleeping. I have travelled with him, and seen that Bible, or some 
other book, in his hand on horseback, and during any little spare 
time in private hours busy with his pen in preparing something for 
the press. While thus itinerating in these counties and also in the 
adjoining county in IMaryland, he was conducting a little paper 
called the ' Layman's Magazine,' and actually abridged and published 
the History of the Reformation, by Burnet, in a small volume, and 
compiled a history of the whole Church in two octavo volumes. All 
this he did while, like an honest man, he was paying his debts out of 
a small salary and the scanty profits of these publications, if indeed 

126 



nectot&^ip ot meb. JBtninmin SLllm 



there were any. For nine years he thus labored, contracting his 
sphere, though not his diligence, by the introduction of one or two 
ministers into some of the numerous places he had taken in charge, 
when he was called to St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia, being the 
next choice to Bishop Mcllvaine. His labours in such a congrega- 
tion and city were of course not diminished. He again issued a re- 
ligious magazine, and engaged in every plan for promoting Sunday- 
schools, infant schools, Bible classes, missionary societies, and all 
such things, being especially interested in Bishop Chase's College in 
Ohio. His house was the Bishop's home. The increase of Episcopal 
churches in Philadelphia soon attracted his mind. At a time when 
a narrow and selfish policy kept ministers and vestries in a state 
of fear and trembling whenever a new church was talked of, lest its 
establishment might somewhat interfere with their monopoly, his 
large soul, disdaining all petty considerations, determined on at least 
one other church, under the patronage of St, Paul's. Mr. Bedell 
was about leaving North Carolina, and wished some situation in the 
North. Mr. Allen, learning this, immediately determined to secure 
him for Philadelphia, and proposed it to a few friends. Alarmed 
at the thought of so great a work, they shrunk back from it; but 
Mr. Allen persevered and succeeded, and St. Andrew's church was 
the result. While Mr. Bedell was collecting the congregation and 
the house was rising up, Mr. Allen insisted that he should use St. 
Paul's during part of each Sabbath. Some of his people and friends 
were alarmed, and predicted that the popularity of Bedell would 
ruin Mr. Allen's prospects and diminish, if not destroy, St. Paul's 
Congregation. But nothing of this kind moved such a man. His 
reply was, 'Let me decrease, so the Church increases.' By God's 
blessing on such a Christian course, both increased, though Mr 
Allen's pulpit talents were only of the moderate order. At length, 
under the pressure of mental and bodily labour, his health so failed 
that a voyage to Europe was resorted to. But it was only used by 
him on his way to England, in England, and on his return, as an 
occasion for greater efforts in his Master's cause and for the souls of 
men. Providence found work for him in a foreign land, and gave 
him favour with the most zealous of the Christian philanthropists 
in England. It may be safely affirmed that, within the same short 
period, no minister from this country had ever attracted more at- 
tention, and had, and zealously used, more opportunities of promot- 
ing the welfare of all religious and benevolent societies, than Mr. 
Allen.. Even the Society of Quakers felt the influence of his zeal in 

127 



behalf of Sunday-Schools and to this day [1878] speak of him as 
'that wonderful man.' After these dying labours, which were like 
the last notes of the swan, he returned toward America in a vessel 
which, by contrary winds, was detained nearly one hundred days on 
the great deep, the crew suffering for provisions. Mr Allen's grave 
was the great deep, as though no narrow sepuleher was fit for one 
of so large a soul." 

In Virginia, he had settled at Charlestown, Jefferson 
County, and Shepherdstown, Berkeley County, and had 
charge of seven churches. In 1816, while yet a deacon, he 
was president of the Benevolent Society of the Parish of St. 
Andrews. He was made a priest in 1818, and became rector 
of St. Paul's, in Philadelphia, in 1821, the latter fact being 
announced by Richard North, John Pechin, John Claxton and 
Richard Johnson of the vestry. 

To Mr. Allen, Philadelphia meant opportunity to spread 
the cause of Christ in the schools, church and secular, by word 
of mouth and stroke of pen, and by the multiplying of 
churches. As soon as he was "comfortably settled in a house 
at the corner of Fourth and Pine Streets," his work began: 
"bible classes, lectures, prayer meetings and three services 
on Sundays." "Lectures on Sunday, Tuesday and Friday 
evenings; with pastoral visits on Wednesday and Thursday 
evenings, that is, meet a few neighbors assembled in a private 
house in any part of the parish for religious conversation 
and prayer, and on Mondays I wait in my study for the calls 
of the young people and others."^ 

He endeavored to break down the middle wall of partition 
between the different portions of the church. By his con- 
ciliatory manner he so far succeeded that the brethren were 
able to act more in unison in the promotion of the common 

2 Letter to his brother, the Rev. Thomas G. Allen, who later devoted 
over thirty years of his life to the self denying labors of mlssTonary to 
Philadelphia's destitute poor. 

128 



Witctot&^ip ot leifij. 75tniamin mUn 

cause. For sometime they assembled once a week in each 
other's houses. On these occasions they listened to an essay 
on some branch of church work. 

His Sunday Schools numbered six hundred scholars, with 
four to five hundred regular attendants, and required to be 
visited every Sunday by himself. 

The missionary cause was a foremost object with Mr. 
Allen, who was one of the most efficient members of the execu- 
tive committee of the Protestant Episcopal Society for 
Domestic and Foreign Missions. A contemplated mission to 
Africa especially excited his attention. 

On May 15, 1822, he asked the Reverend Gregory T. Bedell, 
D.D., to preach at St. Paul's, After the service he induced 
a few of his friends to sign a call to Mr, Bedell, for one year 
at a salary of twelve hundred dollars. ' Shortly after, another 
meeting was held, and a new church authorized. This was 
the origin of St. Andrew's Church, Eighth Street above 
Spruce Street. The Philadelphia Recorder, in announcing the 
consecration of St. Andrew's, said editorially: ''The rapidity 
with which this structure has been carried up, is remarkable. 
The corner-stone was laid in September last. Nine months 
ago, the stone which forms part of the fabric, was unquarried 
— the bricks were unburnt— the wool, out of which the lining 
of the pews has been made, was on the back of the sheep. ' ' 

He was, on January 17, 1824, appointed by the Select and 
Common Councils of the City of Philadelphia, a director of 
the public schools, for the education of children at public 
expense, for the first section of the first school district of 
the State of Pennsylvania, and he served most acceptably 
in this position for the years 1825, 1826 and 1827. In the 
spring of 1825 he delivered lectures on Scripture History and 
Astronomy, which he illustrated with a magic lantern, in the 
Lombard Street Public School; each child was eager with 
10 129 



delight to be first to give a correct answer to his questions. 
The children committed to memory, and recited many por- 
tions of Scripture, illustrative of the different views pre- 
sented to them. 

In acknowledgment of his work for Sunday Schools he 
received the following graceful testimony from his teachers 
thereof : 

"Philadelphia, May 31st, 1825 
" The Rev. B. Allen — 

"Dear Sir: The teachers of St. Paul's Sunday-Schools, as an evi- 
dence of their personal regard for you, and also of the high estima- 
tion in which they hold your services in the cause of Sunday-schools, 
have caused the necessary sum to be paid the Treasurer of the Amer- 
ican Sunday-School Union for the purpose of constituting you a life 
member of that valuable Institution. Allow me. Sir, to add, it is 
with a feeling of no ordinary gratification, that I have undertaken the 
pleasing duty of announcing to you this fact; and in the name and 
behalf of the Societies, accept Sir, the assurance of our warm at- 
tachment and personal regard. 

" In behalf of the Sunday-school Teachers, 
of St. Paul's Church." 

" John rARR,^ 

On March 10, 1826, Thomas Kittera, Grand Master of the 
Grand Lodge, F. & A. M. of Pennsylvania, held an Extra 

3 John Farr was a native of London and a chemist of great ability, in 
fact the chemist of the great firm of Powers and Weightman of which he 
was a partner. He died March 2nd, 1847, at the age of forty years, leav- 
ing an estate of over one hundred thousand dollars. Letters of Adminis- 
tration upon his estate were granted by the Kegister of Wills of Philadel- 
phia County March 8th, 1847 to his widow, Mary J. Farr, and his friend 
Samuel N. Davies, No. 151 North 6th Street. Security being first entered 
for them in two hundred thousand dollars by Cornelius Stevenson, then 
City Treasurer of Philadelphia and A. Kunzi of Spring Mills, Mont- 
gomery County, Pennsylvania. Stevenson and Davies were both members 
of St. Paul's. John Farr was a Warden and one of the four bible school 
teachers of St. Paul's. He married Miss Mary J. McCullough, by whom 
he had eight daughters and four sons. His sister-in-law, called affec- 
tionately Aunt Sarah McCullough, taught with success in the Sunday- 
School for many years. 

130 



B,tttot&^ip ot Witb. 15tniamin SilUn 

Communication, and announced that the Grand Lodge was 
called "by virtue of his prerogative, for the purpose of enter- 
ing, passing and raising the Reverend Benjamin Allen, rector 
of St. Paul's Church of this city, to the Sublime degree of a 
Master Mason," which is regarded as a distinguished honor.* 
He was subsequently appointed Grand Chaplain of the 
Grand Lodge. On December 27, 1827, he delivered an oration 
before Phoenix Lodge of Chester County, Pennsylvania, on 
the "Great Light of Freemasonry." 

Some idea of the growth of Philadelphia since 1827, may 
be gathered from some of the facts set forth in Mr. Allen's 
letter of November, 1827, to his brother, the Reverend Thomas 
Allen,° which suggests that he come and help him at St. Paul's, 
and states that "the western part of Philadelphia is rapidly 
settling. Broad Street is building up, so are other streets west. 
A church will very soon be needed there. No one now exists 
in all the west beyond Broad. There might you officiate Sun- 
day mornings. Sunday nights it would' be necessary that 
you preach in St. Paul's."^ 

That the prayer-book might be sold cheaply and religious 
books put into easy circulation, Mr. Allen opened a book 
store called the Church Missionary House, at No. 92 South 

4 Minutes of the Grand Lodge, vol. iv, p. 39. 

5 His grandson, Allen Childs, who died in January, 1917, was many 
years vestryman and warden of Christ Church, manager of the American 
Sunday School Union, and overseer of the Philadelphia Divinity School, 
He was buried at St. David's, Eadnor, of which his father, Rev. John A. 
Childs, D.D., was long the rector. 

6 "Memoir | of the | Eev. Benjamin Allen, | late rector of St. Paul's 
Church, Philadelphia. By his brother, | the Rev, Thomas G. Allen. | To 
which is added | The Funeral Sermon delivered in St. Paul 's Church, for 
the improvement of the death of Mr. Allen, by | The Rev. Gregory T. 
Bedell, DD. | Also, the History of the | Bible Classes of St. Paul's 
Church I which was written by Mr. Allen in England, and there published 
since, his death, | for the benefit of his Family. ' ' Philadelphia, Latimer 
& Co., No. 13 South Fourth Street, 1832. 

131 



^mot^ of fbt paur^ (EpfjScopal CSurcS 

Third Street, in December, 1827. His object was to bring 
down the price of the prayer-book and place it within the 
reach of all the members of the church. He also designed to 
publish the Homilies and other books, and the profits of the 
establishment were to be devoted to the support of missions 
in the suburbs of Philadelphia. His first agent in the Mis- 
sionary House was a clergyman, who also was to act as one 
of the missionaries, and he agreed to give him, for his entire 
services, six hundred dollars per annum. 

The following extract is from the advertisement of the 
''Church Missionary House, No. 92 South Third Street, 
opposite St. Paul's Church." With a number of Mr. Allen's 
publications is listed for sale: ''Doddridge's Rise and Prog- 
ress; Henry Milner; Scott's Force of Truth; The Publica- 
tions of the American Sunday-school Union, and the Ameri- 
can Tract Society, together with a great variety of other 
books and tracts. The rule of this establishment will be, 
that no credit will be allowed to any one. Its object being 
to supply the Church with the Prayer-Book at the lowest 
rate, and also with the Homilies, makes this a necessary rule. 
Every farthing of the profits of this establishment will be 
sacred to the cause of Christ, devoted to the spread of the 
Gospel. As the greater part of the profits, it is probable, will 
aid missionaries, the name of the establishment is appro- 
priate." 

His publications, prompted by either purely literary, 
patriotic, or religious zeal were: "Miscellaneous Poems on 
Moral and Religious Subjects," by Osander (New York, 
1811) ; "United We Stand, Divided We Fall," by Juba (New 
York, 1812); "Columbia's Naval Triumphs" (New York, 
1813) ; "Urania, or the True Use of Poesy," by B. Allen, Jr. 
(Philadelphia, 1814) ; "The Phoenix, or the Battle of Valpa- 
raiso," by B. Allen, Jr. (New York, 1814) ; "The Death of 

132 



Witctot0UV of 10teb. TBenisimin alien 



Abdallah," an Eastern tale, founded on the story of Abdallah 
and Sabat in Buchanan's Christian Researches (New York, 
1814) ; "The Palace of the Comet," a poem. He edited the 
Layman's Magazine at Martinsburg, Va., in 1815. In Phila- 
delphia, between 1822 and 1828, he published: ** Jesus Christ 
and Him Crucified," a volume of sermons; "Living Manners, 
or the True Secret of Happiness"; an "Abridgment of 
Burnet's History of the Reformation"; "History of the 
Church of Christ"; "A Narrative of the Labors, Sufferings 
and Final Triumphs of the Rev, William Eldred, late a Mis- 
sionary of the Society for the Advancement of Christianity 
in Pennsylvania"; "General Stevens, or the Fancy Ball," 
being the third part of "Living Manners"; "The Church in 
the Fires of Persecution, or a History of the Sufferings of 
the Church from the Days of our Saviour," an abridgment 
of the work of the Rev. George Croley, A.M.H.R.L.S., on 
the Apocalypse; The Christian Warrior, a weekly magazine, 
which had but a short life.'^ He also abridged the work of 
the Rev. Edward Irving, minister of the Caledonian Church, 
London, on the prophecies of Daniel and the Apocalypse. 

Tall and slender, but muscular, with a frank open counte- 
nance, calm and dignified, his restless spirit would at times 
assert itself. Indefatigable in pulpit and press, it is related 
of him that he could do more work in one day than most per- 
sons in a week. Nature however rebelled. In 1828, his 
health, never robust, failed, and a European voyage was 
arranged with a view to its restoration. Leaving his family 
in Philadelphia — he had married at Hudson, New York, 
August 6, 1812, Harriet, daughter of John Swift of that place 
— he departed for England, where, as told by Bishop Meade, 
he still found work for the Master. All that solicitude, grati- 
tude and affection could suggest was done by his people to 

7 Scharf and Wescott 's ' ' History of Philadelphia, ' ' vol. ii, pp. 1143-4. 

133 



l^igftorg ot fe)t. ^mV0 episcopal C5urc| 

assuage the bitterness of separation, and, attended by the 
vestry and a large concourse of friends which included mem- 
bers of his Bible Class and many of the city clergy, he sailed 
down the Delaware to reembark at New Castle on the ship 
"Montezuma" for Liverpool, in March, 1828. Returning 
homeward on the brig "Edward," Captain Benjamin F. 
Libby, from Liverpool, he died on the voyage, January 13, 
1829, and was buried at sea the next day at high noon. On 
the flooring of St. Paul's Church, a stone is placed and 
marked : 

" Sacred to the memory of the 
Reverend Benjamin Allen, 
Rector of this Church seven years 
and four months, who departed 
this life on the Thirteenth of 
January, One Thousand Eight 
Hundred and Twenty-nine on his passage 
from Liverpool, England, 
To Philadelphia, where he had 
Gone for the restoration of his 
health, aged Thirty-nine years, 
three months and fifteen days. 
By direction of the Vestry." 



134 




RECTOR OF ST. PAUL'S, 1829-1833. 



..' ..^ 




THE RECTORSHIP QF DR. TYNG 

1829-1833 

^^M^HE Reverend Stephen Higginson Tyng, D.D., 
/ *j| rector from May 4, 1829, to October, 1833, son of 
M I I Dudley Atkins Tyng, by his wife Sarah Hig- 
^^^^^ ginson, was born in Newburyport, Massachusetts, 
March 1, 1800, and died at Irvington-on-Hudson, 
New York, September 4, 1885. Educated at Phillips Andover 
Academy, Massachusetts, he was graduated with honors 
from Harvard College in 1817 and studied theology under 
Bishop Griswold in Bristol, Rhode Island. His first parish 
was St. George's, Georgetown, District of Columbia, and the 
next. Queen Anne parish, Prince George County, Maryland. 
While there he was elected rector of St. Paul's, Philadelphia, 
May 4, 1829. 

Of this event. Dr. Tyng, speaking many years afterwards, 
and on the sorrowful occasion of the death of his eldest and 
brilliant son, the Rev. Dudley Atkins Tyng, said: **It pleased 
God to remove us all to Philadelphia, to St. Paul's Church, 
a church in which we had not a single acquaintance. There 
we found many friends, whose love is undying, and whose 
kindness to me and mine while we were yet but strangers in 
the land has been of incalculable, everlasting worth. ' ' 

At this period, St. Paul's, only sixty-nine years old, was 
one of the most important and influential Episcopal Churches 

135 



^i^tot^ of &t ^anV0 (Episcopal C^wwS 

in Philadelphia. Being an active and progressive congre- 
gation, it decided to destroy the simple colonial architecture 
of the church by so-called modern improvements. Previous 
to this the Sunday-schools met at private houses. Now, being 
determined to accommodate them in the church, quarters 
were obtained by remodeling and destroying the beautiful 
interior. High steps were placed in front of the church and 
the floor raised midway, so that the Sunday-school could be 
accommodated on the first floor. The old high back pews 
were taken out and low pews substituted. Two angels, of life 
size in wood, by Rush, which stood on each side of the old 
organ, as well as the sounding board, were taken down, and 
St. Peter's, which ever seems to have had a desire to pre- 
serve the classic and artistic beauty of the architecture of 
that period, asked for them as well as other furnishings, 
which are still used to embellish that church to-day. It is 
enough to say that much of the beauty and simplicity of St. 
Paul's was destroyed by these changes. While Christ Church 
made similar alterations with its pews, it has since taken 
them out and re-installed the colonial pews, although not of 
the original height. Gothic, now a word of praise, was the 
term of reproach Sir Christopher Wren applied to all mediae- 
val architecture. In viewing St. Paul's to-day we understand 
what Englishmen meant when they, too, said regretfully — 

"The Goths and Vandals of our Isle, 
Sworn foes to sense and law, 
Have burnt to dust a nobler pile. 
Than Romans ever saw." 

Following the re-modelling, both internally and externally, 
the church was consecrated by the venerable Bishop White on 
New Year's Day, 1831. The sermon, preached by the rector, 
embracing a historical review of the parish as well as the 

136 



lBlectot0|ip ot 2Dt. ^^m 



practical application of the text, was well received^ and 
printed by the Vestry. 

Shortly after Dr. Tyng became rector, on the eleventh of 
June, 1830, the City Guards of Boston visited Philadelphia. 
They arrived in Kensington and were received by an escort 
of infantry under command of Colonel James Page. March- 
ing to Second and Arch Streets, with companies of the First 
Division, under Brigadier-Generals Robert Patterson and 
John D. Goodwin, all under the command of Major-General 
Thomas Cadwalader, they camped at Broad and Market 
Streets on the site of the present City Hall, and were enter- 
tained by General Cadwalader at his residence, Arch Street 
below Ninth Street. The next day being Sunday, the guards 
attended services at St. Paul's Church, accompanied by their 
band. Dr. Tyng had formerly been a member of the company, 
and he preached to his old comrades from Proverbs, 23d 
chapter, 15th verse, *'My Son, if thine heart be wise, my 
heart shall rejoice, even mine. ' ' 

Distinguished for oratory in the pulpit and for able and 
efficient temperance and patriotic addresses, he also had the 
pen of the ready writer and published numerous volumes of 
interest and value. After leaving St. Paul's he became 
rector of the Church of the Epiphany,^ in Philadelphia (now 

1 Whereas, the publication of the sermon which was preached by the 
Eev. Mr. Tyng, rector of the Church, at the Consecration of the Church 
on the first instant is calculated in the opinion of the Vestry to promote 
true religion, and to increase the peace and harmony of the Episcopal 
Church amongst us, and contains certain information exceedingly in- 
teresting to the members of our congregation: therefore 

Resolved, that Richard Eenshaw, Esq., John W. Odenheimer and Na- 
thaniel Holland be appointed a committee to wait on our Eector, and to 
request him to furnish them with a copy of the said Sermon for the above 
purpose. J. D. George, Secretary. 

2 Dudley Atkins Tyng, 1825-1858, eldest son of Dr. Tyng, was, in 1854, 
called by the Church of the Epiphany to fill the pulpit his distinguished 
father had so adorned. 

137 



^i0tot^ of &t pauI'iS episcopal C^utcl 

consolidated with St. Luke's), then at the northwest comer 
of Fifteenth and Chestnut Streets, where he served twelve 
years, doing most excellent work. In 1861 he resigned and 
removed to New York, and became rector of St. George's 
Church, where he labored for more than thirty years until 
his retirement as rector emeritus in 1878. 

For years the leader of that part of the clergy known as 
low churchmen,^' he was active in organizing and forward- 
ing the Evangelical Knowledge Society, the American 
Church Missionary Society, and the Episcopal Education 
Society. For some time he was the editor of the Episcopal 
Recorder and the Protestant Churchman. 

The degree of D.D. was conferred upon him by Jefferson 
College, Pennsylvania, in 1832, and by Harvard in 1851. 

His first wife, Ann DeWolf Griswold, whom he married Au- 
gust 5, 1821, daughter of the Rt. Rev. Alexander W. Griswold, 
Bishop of Massachusetts, died at Philadelphia, May 16, 1832, 
aged twenty-seven years and seven months, and was buried 
in the Church of the Epiphany ground. He married, second, 
Susan W. Mitchell of Philadelphia. 

Chief among his printed works were: '"the Importance of 
Uniting Manual Labor with Intellectual Attainments in a 
Preparation for the Ministry," A Discourse preached at the 

3 ' ' Thirty-six years ago I was called to the City of Philadelphia, in the 
midst of a large population of our Church with whom I sympathized en- 
tirely. This exclusive system had never ruled in Pennsylvania. I waa 
received with a paternal kindness by Bishop White, which I can never 
forget. To him I submitted personally the very questions which are now 
discussed. Shall I accept invitations to preach in churches which are not 
Episcopal? In what way shall I use our form of prayer on such occa- 
sions? Preach for all who invite you, if you can and desire to do it. 
Employ the Prayer-Book as much as you can usefully and consistently 
with their habits, was the substance of his replies. This I did probably 
in more than fifty cases in the Diocese of Pennsylvania." From Open 
Letter to Kt, Rev. Horatio Potter, D.D., by Stephen H. Tyng (New York, 
1865). 

138 



IBl^ctotieiS ip ot 2Dr. 'Egnff 



request of the Episcopal Education Society of Pennsylvania 
and printed by their Direction (Philadelphia, 1830) ; "A 
Sermon, preached at the Consecration of St. Paul's Church, 
Philadelphia, January 1, 1831"; ''Lectures on the Law and 
the Gospel" (Philadelphia, 1832) ; ''The Connection between 
early Religious Instruction and Mature Piety," A Sermon, 
preached in St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia, May 22, 1837; 
"The Eighth of a Series of Annual Sermons Preached and 
Published at the Request of the Board of Managers of the 
American Sunday-school Union," Philadelphia, 1837, "Me- 
moir of the Rev. Gregory T. Bedell" (1835); "Sermons 
preached in the Church of the Epiphany" (1839), repub- 
lished as "The Israel of God" (1854) ; "A Plea for Union," 
a Sermon Preached before the Special Convention of The 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Pennsylvania, in 
St. Andrew's Church, Philadelphia, September 6, 1844, 
Printed by order of the Convention, Philadelphia, 1844; "The 
Beloved Physician," A Discourse addressed to Medical Stu- 
dents, Delivered in the Church of the Epiphany, Phila- 
delphia, February 4, 1844, Printed at the Request of the 
Medical Students' Temperance Society, Philadelphia, 1844; 
"Recollections of England" (New York, 1847); "Christ in 
All," sermons (1852) ; "The Rich Kinsman, the History of 
Ruth, the Moabitess" (London, 1856) ; "Washington, an 
exemplification of the principles of Free Masonry," "an ora- 
tion at the Centennial of the Initiation of George Washing- 
ton, November 4, 1852 (New York, 1852) ; "Forty Years' 
Experience in Sunday-Schools" (New York, I860); "The 
Captive Orphan: Esther, Queen of Persia" (1860); "The 
Prayer-Book Illustrated by Scripture" (8 vols., 1863-7); 
"The Child of Prayer, a Father's Memorial of D. A. Tyng" 
(1866) ; "Address at the installation of the officers of Conti- 
nental Lodge, No. 257, F. & A. M., New York, January 2, 

139 



1867" (N. Y., n. d.) ; and "The Office and Duty of a Chris- 
tian Pastor" (1874). Both Dr. Tyng and his son, Rev. Dud- 
ley Atkins Tyng, published a collection of "Additional 
Hymns" for use at lectures and prayer meetings. The son's 
collection, bound with "The Prayer-Book Collection" and 
Chants and Tunes for the Book of Common Prayer, appeared 
as "The Lecture-Room Hymn Book" (Philadelphia, 1855).* 
Bishop Bedell of Ohio published an interesting Memorial 
of Dr. Tyng (New York, 1860), and his son, Charles Rock- 
land Tyng, also prepared a Life of Stephen H. Tyng. 

* ' ' The English Hymn, Its Development and Use in Worship, ' * by 
Louis F, Benson, D.D., New York, 1915. 



140 




RIGHT REVEREND SAMUEL A. McCOSKREY, D.D. 

BISHOP OF MICHIGAN 
RECTOR OF ST. PAUL'S 1834-1836. 




THE RECTORSHIP OF DR. McCOSKREY 
1834-1836 

HE Reverend Samuel A, McCoskrey, D.D., rector 
/ ^ from June, 1834, to June, 1836, born at Carlisle, 

H H Pennsylvania, November 9, 1804; died in New 

^^^f York City, August 1, 1886. A cadet at the West 
Point Military Academy, he subsequently at- 
tended Dickinson College, from which he was graduated in 
1825. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and for six 
years practiced his profession in his native town. In 1831 
he began the study of theology, preparatory to orders in the 
Episcopal Church, and was ordained by Bishop Onderdonk as 
deacon on the twenty-eighth of March, 1833, and as a priest, 
thirteenth December, 1833. His first charge was as rector 
of Christ Church, Reading, Pennsylvania. He was called to 
St. Paul's, and installed by Bishop White, July 13, 1834, and 
remained as rector until his election as first Bishop of Michi- 
gan, of which Diocese he was consecrated Bishop, in St. Paul 's 
Church, July 7, 1836, by the Right Reverend Bishops Onder- 
donk, Doane and Kemper, and, having been rector of St. 
Paul's, Detroit, for twenty-seven years, as well as bishop, he 
resigned his jurisdiction in March, 1878, on the plea of 
feeble health. 
While at St. Paul's, Philadelphia, he was most highly 

141 



esteemed, being a man of great force of character, learning 
and ability as a preacher. He had been greatly interested in 
the Sunday-school, and, unable to be present at its Fiftieth 
Anniversary, sent a letter of regret from Detroit, May 19, 
1866, of which the following is a copy : 

" Reverend and Dear Sir : 

" I reached home last evening, after an absence of eight days. I 
received your letter and hasten to answer it. I need scarcely say, 
that it would have given me the greatest pleasure to be present at 
the proposed celebration of the Sunday-school. My recollections of 
* Old St. Paul's ' are still fresh in my mind ; and particularly the 
kindness I received from its members. I left it with the deepest 
regret to go I knew not whither. Do present me most affectionately 
to all who once knew me, and tell the dear children (if this letter 
reach you in time) not to forget one whose voice was heard years 
ago within its sacred walls, pleading with wandering children to 
come back to Christ, and telling in the kindest terms that he died to 
save the poorest and the meanest of human kind. Tell them that 
we have nearly; 1,500 children in our schools in the churches, at 
Detroit; five large churches full to overflowing, and room for one 
or two more. Truly, God has been gracious to us. 

" I trust that God will bless your efforts to impress the children of 
the church with a deep sense of their obligations to love and serve 
Him who redeemed them with His precious blood. 
" Most truly yours, 

" Samuel A. MoCoskrey, 

'' To Rev. R. Heber Newton." 

In recognition of his great learning, Columbia College of 
New York, and the University of Pennsylvania conferred upon 
him the degree of Doctor of Divinity, in 1837, and the Uni- 
versity of Oxford, England, in 1852, conferred upon him the 
degree of Doctor of Civil Law. 



142 




REV. JAMES MAY, D.D. 

RECTOR OF ST. PAUL'S 1836-1840. 




RECTORSHIP OF DR. MAY 
1836-1840 

^I^^B^ HE Reverend James May, D.D., rector from 
/ -^ I October, 1836, to May, 1840, was born in Chester 
M I I County, Pennsylvania, October 1, 1805, and died 
^^^^^ at Philadelphia, December 18, 1863. He was the 
son of Robert May by his wife Ruth Potts. 
Educated at Pottstown and at Norristown, Pennsylvania, he, 
in 1822, entered Jefferson College, Cannonsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, in the senior class, so far advanced was he in his studies, 
and there he was graduated with high distinction. For some 
months he studied law with Governor Stevens of Maryland, at 
Easton, on the Eastern Shore, but concluded not to pursue it, 
and turned his attention to the ministry of the Episcopal 
Church. His brother Thomas Potts May, also a clergyman, 
had been invited to preach in St. Paul's with reference, per- 
haps, to being called as rector. At the time, 1819, the yellow 
fever was prevailing in Philadelphia. He returned to Norris- 
town, and either on the day of his preaching at St. Paul 's, or 
on that immediately following, he was stricken with the fever 
and died September 20, 1819, as related by Hotchkin in his 
"Country Clergy." In October, 1825, James May en- 
tered the Theological Seminary at Alexandria, Virginia, and 
was admitted to the middle class of that institution. 

Ordained in 1826, by Bishop "White in Christ Church, 

143 



Philadelphia, he became rector of St. Stephen's Church in 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, in February, 1827, where he 
remained until he became rector of St. Paul's, Philadelphia, 
in 1836. 

Under his ministry the church in Wilkes-Barre, from a 
feeble missionary station, grew to be what it has ever since 
continued, the largest, strongest, most effective church of the 
Protestant Episcopal Communion in central Pennsylvania. 
The sentiment of its parishioners in regard to Dr. May may 
be gathered from the kind expression of the vestry after he 
had declined one of numerous calls. "When you first came 
to this people," reads the record, "you found them divided 
and broken, burdened with debt and few in number. The 
influence of your character and your exertions have healed 
these dissentions, have ennabled them to free themselves from 
their incumbrances, and have formed them into a respectful 
body of attentive hearers." 

Dr. May's health failing shortly after his settlement at 
St, Paul's, he went abroad for its recovery, and, upon his 
return to America, was elected to the chair of Church History 
in the Virginia Theological Seminary and remained there 
until 1861, when he became a professor in the Philadelphia 
Divinity School and held this position at the time of his 
decease. 

He was a man of great intellectual ability, much beloved by 
his parishioners, and in the seminaries with which he had been 
connected. His "Life and Letters," prepared by the Rev. 
Alexander Shiras, has been published. 

In 1829, he married Ellen Stuart, daughter of Captain 
Samuel Bowman by his wife Eleanor Ledlie of Wilkes-Barre, 
and sister of the Right Reverend Samuel Bowman, Bishop of 
Pennsylvania, and died without surviving issue. He was 
buried in St. Mary's Churchyard, West Philadelphia, 

144 




REV. RICHARD NEWTON, D. D. 

RECTOR OF ST. PAUL'S 1840-1862. 




RECTOESHIP OF DR. NEWTON 

1840-1862 

HE Reverend Richard Newton, D.D., rector from 
y#^ November, 1840, to May, 1862, third son and 

1 I fifth child of Richard and Elizabeth (Cluett) 

^^^^Jr Newton, was born in Liverpool, England, 26 
July, 1812, and died at Chestnut Hill, Phila- 
delphia, 25 May, 1887. He came to Philadelphia with his 
parents August 20, 1824, in the Barque "Fanny," and ob- 
tained his early education in Philadelphia and Wilmington, 
Delaware. Graduated from the University of Pennsylvania 
in the class of 1836, he began his preparation for holy orders 
at the General Theological Seminary, New York, from which 
he was graduated in 1839. In 1838, in order to raise funds to 
pay his tuition in the Seminary he opened a select school in 
Wilmington, Delaware, for the sons of friends of Mrs. Bayard. 
Her son, the late Thomas F. Bayard (afterward Secre- 
tary of State and Ambassador to England), then seven years 
old, was one of his scholars. When his friend and adviser, 
Rev. Stephen H. Tyng, then Rector of St. Paul's, heard of 
his decision, he remarked, "I am surprised at your conduct, 
Richard, in going to the New York Seminary, where High 
Church teachings prevail. For my part, I would go down 
with Jonah and study theology in the whale's belly, before 
I would go to the New York Seminary. ' ' 
11 145 



l^tgftotg of &t pauri^ Cpisicopal C5«tc5 

Ordained deacon July 4, 1839, at St. John's Church, North- 
ern Liberties, Philadelphia, by the Right Reverend Henry U. 
Onderdonk, D.D., he was made priest by the same Bishop, 
July 26, 1840, in Holy Trinity Church, West Chester, 
Pennsylvania, where his ministry had begun, on the first 
Sunday in November, 1839, at a salary of four hundred 
dollars. 

In November, 1840, he was called to St. Paul's. His selec- 
tion to this post, which he held for twenty-two years, came 
about in this way: In the early autumn of this year Rev. 
John A. Clark, then rector of St. Andrew's Church, invited 
a noted clergyman, who failed to appear. In this emergency, 
Mr. Newton, who happened to be present, preached. A com- 
mittee from St. Paul 's, present to hear the appointed preacher, 
was so favorably impressed by his sermon that it decided to 
call him as Dr. Tyng's successor. His ministry here was 
highly successful, his Sunday-school work was famous, and 
his sermons to children were widely printed and widely read. 

St. Paul's was greatly interested in foreign missions and 
spent large sums in supporting them, in the South Sea Islands, 
Africa and China. One of them was in Liberia, at Cape 
Palmas (1856), called Hoffman. Thomas Jefferson strongly 
disapproved of missions, as did many others. His and their 
view was that, it was not the duty of the Church to disturb by 
missionaries the religion and peace of other countries, nor to 
extinguish by fire and fagot the heresies called by the name 
of conversions. 

The Episcopal Clergy of Philadelphia from 1855 to 1866 
were marked men. Alonzo Potter was the great Bishop of the 
entire State of Pennsylvania. Dr. Suddards was at Grace 
Church with the memories of his past career. Dr. Pratt was 
at the Covenant, the church of Dr. Newton's old age. Dr. 
Alexander H. Vinton was at the new parish of Holy Trinity ; 

146 




INTERIOR OF ST. PAUL'S IN 1861, 

REV. RICHARD NEWTON, D.D., RECTOR. 



Wiettot^'^iV ot 2Dr» Me\xiton 



Dudley A. Tyng had left his wonderful influence upon the 
young men of his day. Kingston Goddard was at the Atone- 
ment, at times strangely eloquent. Dr. Neville, with his mys- 
terious career, had left a marked impression behind him. 
Richard Cardan was electrifying great audiences at the San- 
som Street Union Prayer Meetings. Henry Wise, with the 
shadow of death upon him, was followed by crowds from 
church to church whenever he preached, and Phillips Brooks 
was beginning his wonderful career at the little church of the 
Advent at Fifth and Buttonwood Streets. Bishop Stevens 
had just been made assistant to Bishop Potter. Dr. Oden- 
heimer, that indefatigable parish priest and staunch church- 
man, was, after twenty years of service at St. Peter's, still the 
new Bishop of the adjoining parish of New Jersey. Dr. Dorr 
was at Christ Church, well worn in its service. Dr. Mark 
Anthony De Wolfe Howe was at St. Luke's. Dr. Hare wa& 
still principal at the Episcopal Academy. Dr. Daniel R. 
Goodwin was Provost of the University of Pennsylvania, and 
the new Episcopal Divinity School was rejoicing in possessing 
as its new teacher, the Rev. Clement M. Butler, D.D., of 
Washington, D. C. 

During Dr. Newton 's pastorate, prayer meetings were regu- 
larly held in the Sunday-school room every Saturday even- 
ing. A layman would read a chapter from the Bible, and 
the rector the prayers. William Alexander, one of the promi- 
nent laymen, was sent for by Bishop White, who told him St. 
Paul's had no right to hold prayer meetings, as there was no 
authority for it; that he strongly disapproved and desired 
them discontinued. The Bishop was told, that St. Paul's had 
found the meetings most helpful to the laymen ; that it brought 
them together and kept them in touch with the work of the 
parish, and that St. Paul's declined to discontinue them.. 

147 



^i^tot^ ot fe)t paurjS episcopal €'^\xtc^ 



Many were the parish activities of this rectorate, as the fol- 
lowing will in a measure indicate : In 1861, the laymen founded 
the Pastoral Aid Association — President, Reverend Richard 
Newton, D.D. ; Vice-president, Thomas Latimer; Secretary, 
Howard Edwards; Treasurer, J. H, Harman. Its object was 
to call out the active lay-agency of the church, in doing good 
to the bodies and souls of the destitute, by the use of means 
additional to those employed by the Sabbath School Societies, 
the Doras Society, the Missionary Society and the other soci- 
eties connected with the church. 

The Chairmen of Standing Committees for 1861 were: 

1. Finance, George C. Thomas, No. 228 N. 5th Street. 

2. Tract Distribution, Thomas Latimer, No, 223 German 

Street. 

3. Devotional Meetings, E, D. Brooks, No. 246 Chestnut 

Street. 

4. Visiting Sick and Poor, R. Heber Newton, No. 251 S. 

13th Street. 

5. Strangers in the City, Norris S. Cummings, No. 1120 

Pine Street, 

6. Church Directory, George C. Thomas, No. 228 N. 5th 

Street. 

7. Parish Visitation, Thomas Latimer, No. 223 German 

Street. 

8. Missionary Intelligence, no chairman required. 

The vestrymen elected Easter Monday, 1861, were: John 
D. George, Jay Cooke, John W. Thomas, Richard F. Loper, 
William Cummings, Joseph B. Van Dusen, Richard G. Stotes- 
bury Eleazer Fenton, R. S. H. George, Charles B. Durborow, 
Henry M. Kimmey, James M. Farr. The Sexton was William 
Brown, and the Organist, Joseph J. Redner. 

148 




(^yuf c^;iCi?«'-z-^0'tt^v2<3Ci-tf«<r» 



oCerLy 



IBlectDtsilfp of 2Dr. il5etotan 







\J 






•5 

e 
o 




W 



OO 03 ^ 

I— < 'r-l 

• iH CO Q 

ft g rt 



fO 


^^ 


a 




A 


QJ 


sS 




eS 


,ct 


X 




M 


o 


« 


• 


« 


cS 




o3 


^ 


M 


^ 


•c 






<D 


V 


o 




■4.9 


a 


CO 


a 


(H 


< 


o 


O 

n 


.3 


C3 


^ 


§ 


g 


rC 




a 


li 






a 




t^. 


^ 
u 


o 


•4.9 


^ 


• ^ 








M 


cS 


'3 


« 






a* 


3 


O 


be 
a 


-13 








o> 


"a 
o 


c 
o 


a 


•rH 



O I— c V 



03 O 

o 

V. ° 

O r- 



Si U 

>-» as 

::3 PI 

a o 



149 



I^iisitorg of fe)t pauriS Cpiisfcopal €lttu^ 

No part of Dr. Newton's work at St. Paul's, or elsewhere, 
was as important as that in the Sunday-schools, indeed that 
work stands out as the great beacon light of his career. 

Two interesting features in the operations of these schools 
were engrafted upon them under Dr. Newton's rectorship. 
They afterward became permanent features in the working of 
the schools, and have since been very widely adopted in other 
schools and churches, with the most beneficial results. One, 
was the plan of making a missionary offering by the teachers 
and scholars, in connection with the exercises of the anniver- 
sary, instead of having books given to them. This plan was 
first tried, as a matter of experiment, in the year 1846. The 
sum presented in that first offering was $80. The amount of 
the offering went on steadily increasing each year, till in 1865, 
it reached the large sum of $3,524. 

The interest of the school in the offering kept pace with the 
increase of the amount raised, and the whole influence was 
found to be so happy and salutary, as to afford a striking 
practical illustration of the truth of the Saviour's words: 
"It is more blessed to give than to receive." During 
the twenty years in which this plan was in operation, 1846 
to 1866, the offering of the schools amounted to the sum of 
$33,500. 

The other matter referred to, as introduced by Dr. Newton 
while laboring as the head of the schools, was the service 
known as the "Children's Church." "While reflecting on 
the Saviour's injunction to Peter, 'Feed my Lambs,' " as 
the Doctor himself states the matter, "I was led to ask my- 
self, What am I doing in public capacity as a minister of 
Christ to comply with this injunction? I was compelled in 
frankness to say, nothing. Then I made up my mind to have 
a service at least once a month, in which the sermon should be 
preached with a distinct reference to feeding the lambs. The 

150 



Witctot^^ip of 2Dt. i^etoton 



effort soon proved a success, and 'the children's church' be- 
came one of the most useful services held in connection with 
the church." 

This form of service became an integral part of the Sunday- 
school work in this church, and it has also been adopted 
in many other churches. The influence for good which has 
gone out from this single instrumentality, put in motion by 
this school, who can estimate ? And may it not be hoped that 
the use of this feature of Christian work will spread wider 
and wider, till, in all churches, the children, who at their bap- 
tism are brought under solemn obligations 'Ho hear ser- 
mons, ' ' may at least occasionally have sermons preached unto 
them which they can hear and understand. 

Spurgeon fittingly called Dr. Newton, ' ' The Prince of Chil- 
dren's Preachers." His thought was in line with that after- 
wards expressed by Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett who said : 
"One generation, one entire generation of all the world of 
children, understood as they should be, loved as they ask to 
be, and so developed as they might be, would more than bring 
in the millennium. " It is now thirty years since his death and 
no other one of the clergy has attempted to continue his chil- 
dren's sermons. Perhaps his great success has acted as a 
deterrent to others, but the field in which he was long pre- 
eminent is now neglected and choked with weeds. 

During Dr. Newton's rectorship there was a character in 
the church named George Lewis, who used to blow the organ, 
and tell the boys stories in the gallery. In arranging for a 
voyage to England, he took solemn leave of the Sunday-school 
and promised to bring home a present for "Missionary 
Sunday," which had become an annual event. Arriving 
in London he went to the office of the Foreign Missionary 
Society and asked for some missionary relic. It happened at 
that time that the missionary ship "John Williams" was in 

151 



port, and in the dry dock for repairs. He was given a beam of 
the ship, which was being repaired and, on his return to Phila- 
delphia, presented it to St. Paul's Sunday-school with great 
pomp and ceremony on a certain "Missionary Sunday," to 
the intense admiration of the children. Thereupon, Captain 
Richard F. Loper, a prominent merchant and vestryman of 
St. Paul's, made it into a full-rigged ship, a model of the 
"John Williams," named after the martyr missionary to the 
South Sea Islands. Annually, on the Anniversary Sundays, 
this ship used to make voyages up and down the aisle, until her 
deck would be covered with little bags of money offerings, 
reserved for that occasion. 

Bishop Odenheimer, Bishop Scarborough, Henry George, 
the single tax advocate, Edwin Forrest and Owen Fawcett, 
the actors, were, at differing periods, among those who at- 
tended St. Paul's Sunday-schools. 

While rector here. Dr. Newton lived in the red rectory on 
York Street, adjoining the graveyard, subsequently sold and 
turned into the engine house of the "Hibernia" fire com- 
pany, a noted organization of the Philadelphia Volunteer Fire 
Department of those days. 

On Christmas Day, 1858, Jay Cooke took Dr. Newton to 
a cottage with an octagon tower at Chelten Hills, which was 
in process of building. After its completion Mr. Cooke sent 
the deed for it with the following letter : 

" Chelten Hills, Montgomery Co. Pa. 
" June 6th, 1859. 
"My Dear friend and Pastor: I send herewith a deed for the cot- 
tage and lot which you have known for some time was intended 
for you. It is now yours, its value or cost fully paid up and re- 
ceipted for. And it comes to you as a hearty and sincere offering 
of myself and wife, as a small testimony of our gratitude to our God 
and Saviour that, in His good providence we have so long enjoyed 
your teachings as our pastor, and your intercourse and sympathy as 

152 



lElectotfiiSip ot fi)c. #ctoton 



a friend. We do indeed feel grateful, for ourselves and for our 
children, that God has raised you up as an instrument of so much 
good, not only to ourselves but to so many thousands, who have 
profited by your untiring efforts and instructions. And we desire, 
in making this offering to one whom we feel to be a true servant of 
the blessed Master; to realize the fact that in giving to you, we 
are giving to Him from whom we receive all things, both spiritual 
and temporal. We ask you to accept it in the name and for the sake 
of Jesus, and if it will ever add anything to your comfort or health, 
or will in any way cheer you onward, or in any way strengthen you 
in your confidence and trust in the promises and goodness of God, 
let your thanks be entirely given to him alone who owns all things, 
and who has put it into our hearts to do thus much as his stewards 
to cheer and encourage His Faithful servant. 

"It is a matter of regret (although we suppose it was somewhat 
unavoidable) that others should here know of this action on our 
part for our God knows we desire only to glorify Him. It is indeed 
a great blessing thus to have been made His instruments. 

" In accepting this testimonial of our love and sympathy we do 
not wish you to consider that you come under the slightest obliga- 
tions in any way to occupy the new home for a longer or a shorter 
period, or to give us or the neighborhood any further advantages 
from your occasional or temporary residence there than such as you 
will feel is not irksome to give. You need rest and recreation when 
you come to the country, and it is far from our thought to even 
hint at depriving you of any portion of these hours of relaxation. 

" We shall enjoy your society and that of your dear family when 
you are near us, and we anticipate, if God so orders it, many a de- 
lightful season spent together there. 

" Should you be called by God's Holy Spirit, to go elsewhere, 
faith will lead us to believe it is all for God's Glory. Under such 
or any other circumstances, you are to consider your self as entirely 
free to sell or otherwise dispose of the property as seems best to 
yourself and family; it is yours, and may God bless to you and your 
dear ones this free and gladsome offering of our hearts, is the prayer 
of your friends, who love you all for your own sakes, as well as for 
Christ's.! 

"Truly and sincerely, 

" Mr. and Mrs. Jay Cooke.'' 

1 Subsequently this cottage was occupied for many years by Eev. Eob- 

ert J. Parvin, Rector of St. Paul's, Cheltenham. 

153 



^i^tot^ of fe>t paursf (f pisfcopal C$utc8 

In 1862 he was called to the Church of the Epiphany, 
Philadelphia, then a large and influential congregation (now 
consolidated with St. Luke's), and remained there until Janu- 
ary 29, 1881, when he became the rector emeritus until May 
22, 1882. He then accepted the rectorship of the Church of 
the Covenant, at which post his useful life closed. 

During his great career he preached thousands of sermons. 
Over fifteen hundred of his written sermons were in his 
library at his death all carefully indexed and dated. He 
received the degree of D.D. from Kenyon College, Ohio, in 
1862, and was from 1869 to 1887 a trustee of the University 
of Pennsylvania. 

His books for children have never been excelled in their 
aptitude to the young, and the pleasing form in which they 
convey religious truth. While they are called sermons, and 
each paragraph is expository of some passage of Scripture, they 
are so simple, so full of striking and apposite illustrations, 
that a child will read them with as much curiosity as he, 
or she would a narrative of travel or adventure, and certainly 
with far more profit. So popular were these books, that they 
were translated into no less than eighteen languages — French, 
German, Spanish, Italian, Siamese, Hindustanese, Chinese, 
Bulgarian, Japanese, Arabic, Armenian, Urdic, Tamil, Dacata, 
Zulu, Grebo, Swedish and Dutch. Among his publications in 
this field were: ''The Jewel Case," "The Best Things," "The 
King's Highway," "The Safe Compass," "Bible Blessings," 
"The Great Pilot," "Bible Jewels," "The Wonder Case," 
"Bible Wonders," "Nature Wonders," "Leaves from the 
Tree," "Rills from the Fountain," "The Jewish Taber- 
nacle," "Giants and Wonderful Things," "Rays from the 
Sun of Righteousness," "The King in His Beauty," "Peb- 
bles from the Brook," "Bible Promises," "Bible Warnings," 
' * Covenant Names. ' ' 

154 



Witttot0^ip ot SDc. i^etoton 



Among his published sermons were: "Anniversary Oration" 
before the University of Pennsylvania, February 22, 1836; 
"The Pastor's Offering to His Flock," A funeral Discourse 
delivered in St. Paul's Church, March 7, 1847, on the occa- 
sion of the death of John Farr, Esq. ; "Sermons" in St. Paul's 
Church, First Sundays in Advent, 1847, 1850, 1851 ; "The Age 
and its Duties," two Sermons preached in St. Paul's, Decem- 
ber 29, 1850, January 4, 1851 ; ' ' Sermon on the death of Rev. 
James H. Fowles, "April 9, 1854 ; ' ' Sermon at Centennial Anni- 
versary of St. Paul's Church," November 4, 1860; "God's 
marvellous doing for the Nation," A Sermon on the day ap- 
pointed by the President, in the Church of the Epiphany, 
Philadelphia, August 6, 1863; "God's Interest in the Death 
of His People, ' ' a Tribute to the memory of the Rev. Robert J. 
Parvin of St. Paurs,^ Cheltenham, 1868; "The Abrahamic 
Covenant," a Sermon before the Protestant Episcopal Asso- 
ciation for the promotion of Christianity among the Jews, 
March 30, 1873 ; ' ' The Present Crisis in the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church and the duty of Evangelical men in reference to 
it," preached in the Church of the Ephiphany, May 31, 1874. 

Dr. Newton married, July 31, 1839, Lydia, daughter of 
Lawrence Greatorex, of the Brandywine Paper Mills of Wil- 
mington, Delaware. Their sons, Richard Heber Newton and 
William Wilberforce Newton, became clergymen. Mrs. New- 
ton died in April, 1887, and Dr. Newton one month later, in 
his seventy-fifth year. Both are buried in Laurel Hill 
Cemetery, 

The Philadelphia Evening Bulletin of May 26, 1887, speak- 
ing editorially, said : 

2 St. Paul 's Cheltenham, owes its name and its origin to Old St. Paul 's 
and the efforts of Dr. Newton, who preached the Consecration Sermon. 
Mr. Parvin was its first rector. A mural tablet in the church testifies to 
the affection of the people for him. — Hotchkin's County Clergy of Penn- 
sylvania, p. 80. 

155 



^i0totT^ of &t pauPjS episcopal CJuccS 

" There have been men in the Protestant Episcopal Church whose 
fame was greater than that of the late Richard Newton, and whose 
talents may have been more briUiant; but there have been very few 
whose lives have been purer, more upright, and more in unison with 
the true teachings of the Christian faith. 

" His death will carry with it more of a sense of loss to the thou- 
sands who have come within reach of his ministrations and teachings 
than would the death of other divines whose names just now are 
more often heard in the church world. 

" Dr, Newton was so unlike the majority of men who now fill the 
pulpit, and had so many of the fine, old fashioned notions of the dig- 
nity and usefulness of his sacred calling that he seemed to be su- 
perior to most of the faults and follies which have crept into his 
profession. Indeed, we doubt very much whether any one man in 
the Episcopal Church in this community, since the time of William 
White, has done more, in a comparatively quiet and unobtrusive way, 
to strengthen it, and make new believers for it, than did Richard 
Newton. 

" This influence was due, to a large extent, to the remarkable fac- 
ulty which he exercised in conveying truth to the minds of children 
and of young people. Even men and women of mature years, whose 
education was limited, seemed to understand and appreciate him as 
they did few others of his denomination. He did not preach for 
the select few, he did not make his sermons refined disquisitions on 
points of theological hair-splitting; he did not try to awe or impress 
his hearers with displays of the learning which he possessed. His 
great purpose in the pulpit always was to make himself understood, 
even by auditors of less than ordinary intelligence. 

" In doing this there was a simplicity and earnestness in his work 
which was beautiful to contemplate, and which went right home to 
the hearts of his hearers. The lectures and books which he pre- 
pared for the use of children were especially marked by this quality, 
and the Protestant Episcopal Church, both in this country and in 
England, can count these productions as being one of the sources of 
much of its latter day strength. 

" In these days, when clergymen look so much to public notoriety 
for their reward, and depend so much upon sensational effects 
for their popularity, and are so careless about the true dignity of 
their sacred office, the example of such a man as Richard Newton 
should be set conspicuously before them. 

" With his fine scholarship, and his strong powers of mind and 
his remarkable energy, he might have been, had he so wished to, a 

156 



llXectot0^ip ot 2Dt. il2fb)ton 



greater figure in the eyes of the world. But the vanity of having 
his name sounded on the tongues of men never drew him away from 
his noble conception of the duties of a minister. His life was for his 
church, for his people, for his Master. He loved that church, and 
he loved his people ; and the life of his Master was ever before him, 
as a daily incentive to real good, and not as a mere model for rhetor- 
ical sermons. No scandals hovered over his name. No one could 
ever mention that name with flippancy or disrespect. 

"Not simply among Christians, but among men who are careless 
of spiritual things, his was a career that always commanded the true 
respect which the world gratefully accords to an honest Christian 
and upright man; and there are not too many clergymen to-day of 
whom the same can be honestly said when they pass away." 




157 




THE RECTORSHIP OF DR. GODDARD 

1862-1866 

0/^^^ HE Reverend Kingston Goddard, D.D., rector from 
d '^ I Ju^e, 1862, to January, 1866, son of John God- 
M I I dard of Philadelphia, by his wife Mary Beck, 
^^^^r was bom at Philadelphia, October 20, 1813, and 
died at Richmond, Staten Island, New York, 
October 24, 1875. His maternal grandfather, Paul Beck, 
Esq.,^ was one of Philadelphia's most eminent public-spirited 
citizens as well as an earnest supporter of St. Paul's, and the 
grandson, deprived of his mother at an early age, had for 
many years the fostering care and example of the blameless 
life of his grandsire. 

Educated in the schools of Philadelphia and the University 
of Pennsylvania, from which latter institution of learning he 
was graduated with honors in 1833, he was, in 1836, graduated 
at the General Theological Seminary of the Episcopal Church 
in New York City. His first charge, while still a deacon, was 
that of St. Anna's, Fishkill Landing, New York, 1835-1837, 
after which he served acceptably in the parishes of Christ 
Church, Brooklyn, Emmanuel Church, Brooklyn, The Atone- 
ment, Philadelphia, and Christ Church, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

While at Cincinnati, the call came to him from St. Paul's. 

1 See sketch of, in Simpson 's ' ' Lives of Eminent Philadelphians, ' ' pp. 
37^9. 

158 




REV. KINGSTON GODDARD, D.D. 

RECTOR OF ST. PAUL'S 1862-1866. 



ISitctot^^iV ot 2Dr* c^oDtiatti 



In accepting it, Dr. Goddard was but coming to his own — to 
a parish that none better understood than he. During his 
rectorship at the Atonement, in connection with his words of 
tribute at the Memorial Meeting, held to commemorate the 
life work and noble death of his friend and fellow-laborer, the 
Rev. Dudley Atkins Tyng, he had said of St. Paul 's : 

"In May, 1829, his father [Rev. Stephen Tyng] removed to this 
city and became the rector of St. Paul's Church. And, my Chris- 
tian friends, I desire to pay the tribute of praise to that congrega- 
tion, among whom the eminent and venerable Dr. Tyng ministered. 
They have had many servants of God, and have always loved and 
revered them. They have had the Gospel proclaimed in their pulpit 
with a degree of earnestness and fidelity that has never been sur- 
passed, and they have always listened to it. They have buried rec- 
tors, but, thank God, the disgrace is yet to come upon them of turn- 
ing one from their pulpit and closing their doors. It was while the 
father was rector of that church, that the son was brought under the 
influence of Sunday-school instruction — in the Sunday School of that 
church he was first introduced to the knowledge of the truth as it is 
in Jesus." 

The statement as to the Sunday-school of St. Paul's was 
equally true of the speaker, for he too had begun the Christian 
life at St. Paul's, where later he was to become a faithful 
parish priest and eloquent preacher. 

He was elected a member of the American Philosophical 
Society in 1857, and Kenyon College conferred upon him the 
degree of Doctor of Divinity in 1860. He was also Grand 
Chaplain, of the Grand Lodge F. and A. M. of Pennsylvania. 

In 1866 he accepted the rectorship of St. Andrew's, Rich- 
mond, Staten Island, New York, at which post he died. He 
married Matilda Susan, daughter of William Seaman. 

Dr. Goddard 's publications were limited to sermons, "by 
request," to which requests he acceded with reluctance, feel- 
ing that the importance of what was said in the pulpit de- 
pended largely upon the manner of its saying: ** Sermon on 

159 



Thanksgiving-day," December 13, 1840, in Christ Church, 
Brooklyn; "Address at first Annual exhibition of Ingenuity 
and Design, held in Philadelphia by the Pennsylvania Insti- 
tute," May 1-9, 1857; "The Freedom granted by Christ," A 
sermon preached in the Church of the Atonement, before the 
Artillery Corps of "Washington Grays, on Saturday, July 4, 
1858; "The Poor in the Keeping of God" (Philadelphia, 
1857); "Funeral Sermon on Caldwell B. Mitchell" (Phila- 
delphia, 1857); "Sermon on the life and character of Wil- 
liam H. Aspinwall, 1807-1875," preached at Clifton, Staten 
Island, February 14, 1875. 



160 




REV. R. HEBER NEWTON, D.D. 

RECTOR OF ST. PAUL'S 1866-1868. 




EECTORSHIP OF DR. NEWTON 

1866-1868 

HE Reverend Richard Heber Newton, D.D., rector 

/^ from February 18, 1866, to December 9, 1868, 

M I eldest son of the Reverend Richard Newton, 

^^^^J^ D.D., by his wife, Lydia Greatorex, was bom at 

Philadelphia, October 31, 1840, and died at 

Scarborough, New York, December 19, 1914. 

His education was obtained at home and at the University 
of Pennsylvania, at which he matriculated in 1857, but was 
obliged to leave at the close of his sophomore year. He 
entered the Divinity School of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, Philadelphia, from which he was graduated in 1862. 
Ill health however had interrupted his studies and threatened 
a discontinuance. In this emergency a sea trip was suggested 
by his father's friend and vestryman, William Cummings, 
Esq., a well-known merchant, who fitted up a cabin on one 
of his vessels and sent him on a voyage to Liverpool, England. 
The following letter from Mr. Newton explains the incident: 

" On Board Ship, Wm. Cummings, 
" April 25th, 1861. 
"My Kind friend: 

" I desire simply to express my sense of gratitude to you for your 
thoughtful and generous kindness towards me. My mind had been 
uncertain as to what would be the best feasible plan for me to pursue 
12 161 



^i^totif ot Ibt ^mV0 episcopal Cl^utc^ 

in seeking the establishment of my health & strength. My health 
has been so much improved of late, by God's blessing on the 
means constantly used, that it seemed as though the critical point of 
my life, in regard to health had been safely passed & that my con- 
stitution had taken a favorable change. Knowing that my constitu- 
tion is such, that in human probabilities I may work for vigorous 
health, if the present stage of life can be safely passed. I was of 
course very anxious to do everything in my power to strengthen 
myself. Your kind offer appeared to present the very opening that 
was needed, though the thought of a sea trip had not previously been 
much in my mind. And I trust that it is the hand of Providence 
that has directed my attention in the present summer's trip. & that 
through the blessing of my Heavenly Father, I shall return renewed 
and established in health & strength. 

" I value health as the necessary qualification for usefulness in 
the cause to which my energies of mind and body, (Sj my life have 
been consecrated. 

" It is my earnest desire & prayer that God will make me an in- 
strument of doing great good to the souls of men ; & in this work I 
wish to spend my whole life. 

" But I feel that without strength, I am of little use, and so I re- 
joice to have the opportunity of seeking that strength, even though 
it is a trial to separate from home & friends. And therefore I 
value and esteem your kindness, as enabling me to prepare physically 
for God's work. 

" I trust that should I be spared to return home again, God will 
also fit me in soul for that work & bless me in it to the salvation of 
many souls; & that you may have the pleasure of knowing that you 
have been instrumental in fitting an humble laborer in the Master's 
vineyard for any usefulness he may be granted. 

" And may My Saviour & Master reward you as it could never 
be in my power to do, by giving you freely of that blessing, ' that 
maketh truly rich & addeth no sorrow.' 

" Very Respectfully, 
"& Sincerely, 

"R. Heber Newton. 

" William Cummings, Esq., 
" Pine St. Wharf, Phila."i 



1 William Cummings, son of George Cummings (1759-1807), and Eliza- 
beth Tate (1761-1807), was born Feb. 6, 1806, at No. 28 Plumb St. (now 
232 Monroe St.), District of Southwark, Philadelphia. His parents and 
grandfather, Simon Cummings, are buried in St. Peter's Church yard. 

162 




1806- 




-1889 



Witctot0fiip ot 2DC. i^etoton 



Mr. Newton was made a deacon in St. Paul's Church, Phila- 
delphia, by Bishop Alonzo Potter in June, 1862, and ordained 
priest in the same church in 1863, by the Rt. Rev. William H. 
Odenheimer, Bishop of New Jersey, He was an assistant to 
his father for two years and subsequently, 1863-1866, rector 
of Trinity Church, Sharon Springs, New York. 

Elected rector of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia, upon 
motion of John W. Thomas, he served from 1867 to 1870, 
resigning to accept the rectorship of the Anthon Memorial 
Church in New York, known later as All Soul's Church. 

It was during his rectorship that St. Paul's celebrated the 
fiftieth anniversary of its Sunday-school. 

On the twentieth of February, 1816, a little more than one 
hundred years ago, the young men belonging to St. Paul's 
met for the purpose of taking into consideration the propriety 
of forming a society to conduct a Sunday-school. The meet- 
He was brought up by his uncle of the same name, and he was married hy 
Kev. Dr. Stephen H. Tyng to Emily E. Alexander, daughter of Eichard 
Alexander, at St. Paul's Church, June 1, 1831, at five o'clock A.M., so as 
to be in time for the stage to Pottsville. Subsequently he returned to 
Philadelphia and from 1832 to 1869 was a well known Merchant. He 
built and owned the following vessels, Schooners, Kathleen and John Mc- 
Crea. Brigs, Baron Stranger, Pennsylvania, Norris Stanley, Delaware, 
Joseph Cowperthwait, Emily Cummings, Clara, Huntress and Calvert; 
Barques, Mary Irvine, Cora, Linda, Fairmount, Aaron I. Harvey, Ann 
Elizabeth, and Margaret Hugg; Ships, Frigate Bird, and William Cum- 
mings. He had an extensive trade with the West Indies, Bahia, Eio 
Janeiro and Montevideo, South America, as well as Goree, Gambia and 
Sierra Leone, Africa; Hong Kong, China, and San Francisco, California. 
During the civil war he was an active member of the Union League and 
helped to equip the 118 Penna. Volunteers, or Corn Exchange Eegiment 
for the field. He was a director of the Girard National Bank, Commer- 
cial Exchange Ass'n, Insurance Co. of North America, Huntingdon & 
Broad Top E. E. Co., Trustee of City Ice boats, manager of the Howard 
Hospital and Merchants Fund of which he was one of the founders, 
vestryman of St. Paul's Church, a prominent Mason and a member of 
Lodge No. 2 for 63 years preceding his death, December 17, 1889. 
He was Master of this Lodge in 1837-38-39 during the Morgan excite- 
ment. He is buried in his vault in St. Paul 's Church yard. 

163 



ing, held in the vestry-room of the church, during Dr. Pil- 
more's rectorship, was called by John P. Bankson, who had 
already established a Sunday-school in connection with the 
Second Presbyterian Church, northwest corner of Third and 
Arch Streets, that being the first Sunday-school in the city. 
St. Paul 's was the second in order, and was the first Sunday- 
school organized in connection with any Episcopal Church in 
this city, or in this land. The movement was then consid- 
ered as of doubtful expediency, but in this, as in many other 
religious matters, St. Paul's was a pioneer. 

Twenty-one names were enrolled as teachers, and these 
teachers were divided into two committees, each committee to 
conduct the exercises of the school on alternate Sundays. 
The names were as follows : Messrs. John P. Bankson, Richard 
Thompson, R. Pigott, J. Bason, J. Golder, Jesse R. Burden, 
John C. Pechin, Peter Van Pelt, George Glentworth, John 
Lohra, John Toy, Thomas Moore, William Alexander, R. 
Body, Lloyd Bankson, A. Claxton, J. M. Adams, John Mur- 
ray, William Murdoch, Ezra Dodge, Charles Stockton. 

The founder of the female school was Mrs. Susannah B. 
Shober, grand-daughter of Col. Blathwaite Jones, a Mother in 
Israel, who for many years acted as its superintendent with 
great efficiency and success. For the first fifteen years of its 
existence the Sunday-schools did not meet in the church, but 
at private residences in the neighborhood. 

On May 21, 1866, the semi-centenary was celebrated. This 
interesting occasion drew together a large number of the 
friends of old St. Paul's from all quarters of the city, and 
over sixteen hundred persons were present. Many who were 
formerly faithful workers there, returned to join in the cele^ 
bration of the evening; some who had not been within those 
walls for years, were drawn to the scene of their early instruc- 
tion, and the teachers and scholars of the past mingled 

164 



Witctot0Up ot 2Dr, il2eioton 



with those of the present, so that the schools of 1816 and of 
1866, the founding and the commemoration, alike were rep- 
resented. 

A large number of the clergy were present, among whom 
were the Rev. Drs. Tyng, Newton, Watson, Spear, Pratt, 
Claxton, Thos. G. Allen, Edmund Roberts, George Bring- 
hurst, J. Sanders Reed, Robert C. Matlack, Samuel Durborow, 
J. R. Moore, Charles Fisher, Snyder B. Symes, W. Erben 
and J. P. Fugett. 

The subjoined letter of regret was received from the Right 
Rev. William H. Odenheimer, of New Jersey, formerly a 
scholar in this school: 

"Burlington, N. J., June 26, 1866. 
"Reverend and Dear Sir: 

" I regret that diocesan engagements deprived me of the satisfac- 
tion of joining with you, and our friends, in the semi-centennary 
solemities of the Sunday-schools of St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia. 
I feel that I have a right to share in your joys, for I have the honor 
of having been a member of the Sunday-school, and also of the 
Bible-class of dear Old St. Paul's; and the pleasant memories of the 
men and incidents of those days still live in my heart. My old super- 
intendent full of zeal, and my old class teacher a walking cyclopaedia 
of catechetical lore! still live to receive my thanks for their loving 
care; but the gentle-hearted Parr has gone to his rest. What a 
goodly line of pastors guided the flock in those days. The apostolic 
Allen; the glowing hearted Tyng, the Saint Paul of our American 
Church; the energetic McCoskrey; and the saintly May. I also re- 
call the admiration I felt, and which years have deepened, at the 
pious works of those christian women, the true Sisters of charity in 
old St. Paul's, who, without ostentation, devoted themselves to the 
education of the young and the care of the poor and afflicted. God 
bless the memory of those who have ' gone before,' God speed those 
who still remain to work for Christ, in the persons of little children, 
and the poor. 

" It is joy to all hearts that the venerable parish seems to increase 
in strength with increasing years; and like some grand oak, flings 
out new and right noble branches to shelter those who abide under 

165 



^i0totif of &t paur^ Cpii^copal Cj^utcl) 

its shadow. St. Paul's of the present day is as worthy of commen- 
dation as St. Paul's of the olden times. 
" God bless you and the congregation. 

" Very faithfully yours, 

"William H. Odenheimeb. 
" Rev. R. Heber Newton." 

Letters were also received from the Right Reverend Samuel 
Allen MeCoskrey of Michigan and others, regretting their ina- 
bility to be present. The Rev. Robert C. Matlack, formerly a 
scholar, then a teacher in the schools, subsequently assistant 
minister, led the congregation in prayer. 

The Rev, John Sanders Reed, formerly superintendent of 
the female school, and assistant minister, read the Evening 
Lessons. 

The rector, Rev. R. Heber Newton, preached an appro- 
priate sermon, from which the accompanying statements have 
been substantially taken: 

Among the good things resulting from this school was the 
American Sunday-school Union, one of its offspring, for this 
noble institution grew out of the Philadelphia Sunday-school 
Union, which was started by John P. Bankson, who was then 
the superintendent of St. Paul 's schools. 

During the period of fifty years in which these schools 
have been in operation at least three thousand scholars have 
passed through the schools, under the charge of three hundred 
teachers. 

If it were possible to follow the history of those three thou- 
sand scholars and trace out the influence for good brought to 
bear upon them, and by them imparted to others, through the 
agency of that faithful band of three hundred teachers, how 
deeply interesting it would be! It is impossible to do this 
now, but it will be done at last. "The day will declare it." 
And, when in the light of that great day of revelation, the 

166 



Witctot^^ip ot 2Dr. /Retoton 



good thus accomplished, in ten thousand forms, is made 
apparent, we shall see and understand what a fountain of 
life, what a hill of blessing the schools of this mother of 
churches has been. 

Since 1830, one thousand persons have been confirmed from 
this church ; and as the average proportion of candidates from 
the school has been from one half to two thirds of the number, 
it is safe to compute that, of the scholars under instruction in 
these schools, between five hundred and six hundred have 
connected themselves with this church by confirmation since 
1830. How many have afterwards united themselves with 
other churches we have no means of ascertaining. 

The largest accessions from the schools to the church in one 
year were in 1831 and 1858, when in the former year, between 
fifty and sixty, and in the latter year, between thirty and 
forty young persons were confirmed. 

The Sunday-schools remained in a prosperous condition, 
but during the Civil War, 1861-1866, so many of the young 
men from St. Paul 's enlisted in the army of the United States 
for the defense of their country, their city and homes, that 
the male Bible class had to be discontinued until the end of 
the war, when it was resumed with fresh interest. 

Of the scholars and teachers of St. Paul's who entered 
the ministry previous to the year 1833, there is no record. 
Among those who have become clergymen since that period 
the following were mentioned :'' 

Rev. "William C. Russell, now deceased, was a teacher in 
the year 1826. 

Rev. Charles Emlen Pleasants, deceased, was a teacher in 
1832. 

Rev. Edmund Roberts, rector of St. Luke 's, Bustleton, was 
a scholar in 1832. 

2 It must be remembered that the "now," refers to the year 1866. 

167 



^i^totif ot fbt paurgf (episcopal CfiurcJ 

Rev. Edward Conway Jones, long the faithful missionary 
to the insane in the almshouse, now deceased, was a scholar 
in 1833. 

Rev. Benjamin Watson, D.D., now rector of the Church of 
the Atonement, in this city, was a scholar in 1833. 

Rt. Rev. William Henry Odenheimer, D.D., now Bishop of 
New Jersey, was a scholar and a teacher in 1834. 

Rev. Dudley Atkins Tyng, rector of the Church of the 
Epiphany, and then of the Church of the Covenant, and now 
deceased, was a scholar in 1833. 

Rev. T. Alfred Starkey, D.D., now of Cleveland, Ohio, was 
a scholar in 1834. 

Rev. William Huckel, of New York, was a scholar in 1840, 
and a teacher in 1846, rector of the Church of the Evangelists, 
in 1852. 

Rev. Henry A. Coit, D.D., now of New Hampshire, was a 
teacher in 1846. First Rector of St. Paul's School, at Con- 
cord, New Hampshire.' 

Rev. George A. Latimer, now rector of Christ Church, 
Pottstown, was a scholar in 1836, and a teacher in 1849. 
Founder of St. John's Church, Philadelphia. 

Rev. Robert C. Matlack, now rector of the Church of the 
Nativity, in this city, was a teacher in 1853. 

Rev. Robert B. Claxton, D.D., now professor in the Divinity 
School, was a teacher in 1836. 

Rev. John Martin, now of Washington, D. C, was a teacher 
in 1833. 

3 Henry Augustus Coit, born January 20, 1830, at Wilmington, Dela- 
ware, where his father, Eev. Joseph Howland Coit, DD. was Eector of 
St. Andrew's Church. Attended University of Pennsylvania; was pro- 
fessor St. James College, Washington County, Maryland; married Miss 
Mary Bowman Wheeler, March 27, 1856, in Church of Epiphany, Phila- 
delphia, just before he removed to Concord, New Hampshire, to become 
first Eector of the celebrated St. Paul's School. 

168 



Witttot^UV ot 2Dr. Be\»ton 



Rev. Chas. R. Hale, now chaplain in the U. S. Navy, was a 
teacher in 1855. 

Rev. Henry S. Getz, now of Mahanoy City, was a teacher 
in 1852, and superintendent in 1853. 

Rev. John Sanders Reed, now rector of Gloria Dei Church, 
was superintendent of the female school in 1864.* 

The Rev. Samuel Durborow, of the Church of the Evan- 
gelists, Philadelphia, was a scholar. 

The Rev. Christian Wiltberger, the first rector of Emmanuel 
Episcopal Church, Kensington, 1837, was also a teacher. He 
died in August, 1855, and was buried in the family vault. 
His ancestor of the same name was a communicant, and made 
the silver baptismal bowl (1805), and other silver used by 
the church, as shown in Appendix C. 

The Rev. R. Heber Newton, the present rector [1866] hav- 
ing the spiritual charge of the schools, was first a scholar 
here, from the infant school to the Bible class, and then a 
teacher in 1856. 

There are, at this time [1866], four young men, candidates 
for the ministry in this diocese, who have been both scholars, 

4 Eev. Dr. J. Sanders Reed attended Episcopal Academy and was gradu- 
ated at the Philadelphia Divinity School, 1865; was Deacon, 1864; Priest, 
1865; Eeetor of Gloria Dei (Old Siwedes), and later Trinity Church, 
Watertown, New York. Author of many articles and books, among them : 
"The Pedigree of a Preacher," "A Mission's Catechism," "The Bish- 
op's Blue Book" (1893), "The Crozier and the Keys" (1895), "Homi- 
letical Finger Posts" (1900), "A Missionary Horologe" (1902). He 
died February 20, 1910, leaving a widow, Anna G. Everly Reed, of .St. 
Luke and the Epiphany Parish, Philadelphia, who is much interested in 
the work of the Church and Sunday-school. 

5 Rev. William W. Parr, D.D., son of John Farr, was born in November, 
1840, in Philadelphia. He abandoned a business career in 1858 for the 
ministry. At nineteen he attended Kenyon College, Gambler, Ohio, grad- 
uating in 1864. He studied theology at the Philadelphia Divinity School; 
was rector of Grace Church, Sandusky, Ohio, 1866, and the Church of 
the Saviour, Philadelphia, 1877, untU his death, in 1883. His work in 
Sandusky was essentially one of charity, and was by no means confined 
to his own parish.. He built Calvary Church, St. John's Chapel, and 

169 



^i0totTs ot &t ^auV^ (Episcopal C|^utc|^ 

and teachers, in this school. These are William "Wilberforce 
Farr,^ 6. Albert Redles, Richard Newton Thomas and Wil- 
liam Wilberforce Newton. 

"What noble specimens of Christian character have been 
associated together here, as teachers, in the carrying on of 
the operations of these schools? We think of John P. Bank- 
son, the heroic martyr to the cause of African civilization, 
of John Farr, of Samuel N. Davies, of John D. George, of 
Susannah B. Shober, of Cornelia Cooper, of Ann Jane Carr, 
of Christiana Alexander, of Elizabeth Gardner, who have 
labored here side by side, in the carrying on of this work. 
They were among the excellent of the earth. Their fragrant 
memories are cherished still by all who knew them. ' They rest 
from their labors and their works do follow them. ' ' ' 

Thomas Latimer, a well-known member of the Philadelphia 
Bar and superintendent of the male school for forty years, 
and Miss Almira Pechin were also prominent teachers, but, 
as they were alive at the time, their names were omitted. 
The late George C. Thomas, who was brought up in St. Paul's, 
feeling that those engaged in church and Sunday-school 
work in Philadelphia ought to confer about the best method 
of carrying it on, organized, in 1869, with the aid of John 
Marston, Jr., the Sunday-school Association of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, which has accomplished such excellent 
results. 

It is interesting to note the amount of money annually col- 
lected in St. Paul Sunday-schools. It averaged about two 
thousand five hundred dollars, and as the showing of the 
year 1866 is typical of how the money was raised and applied 
it is appended. 

waa the projector of the Good Samaritan Hospital. He married Miss 
Lena Haddock, in 1866. One of his daughters, Grace, married Hon. Wil- 
liam Wilkins Carr^ Judge of Court of Common Pleas No. 4, of Phila- 
delphia. 

170 



W^tctot^^ip ot jBDc. /Rftoton 



From the Female School $930.75 

From the Male School 464.93 

From the Female Bible Class 174.16 

From the Male Bible Class 267.50 

From the Infant School 708.62 

The Memorial Offering 30.50 

Miscellaneous Offerings 32.00 

Total $2^608X6 

The sum was appropriated as follows : 

The Citizens' Volunteer Hospital $25.00 

Books for the Episcopal Hospital 50.00 

The sufferers by the great fire at Ninth and Wash- 
ington Streets 136.64 

The Foster Home 26.00 

The Ladies' Aid 35.00 

The American Sunday-School Union 50.00 

The Protestant Episcopal Church at Corry, Penn- 
sylvania 60.00 

The Home for Soldiers and Sailors* Orphans 100.00 

The Dorcas Society 87.00 

The Union School and Children's Home 50.00 

St. Andrew's Church, West Philadelphia 20.00 

Poor Clergymen 220.00 

The Sunday-School Association 100.00 

City Pastor 30.00 

African Mission 75.00 

The Southern Home for Friendless Children 34.15 

The Church Home 25.00 

Expenses of St. Paul's Sunday-Schools 225.00 

Libraries of St. Paul's Sunday-Schools 100.00 

Parish Library 50.00 

Divinity Student 200.00 

The Poor 100.00 

Anniversary and Fair Express 183.15 

The Church Home at Twelfth and Fitzwater 

Streets 10.00 

The Christian Street Hospital 10.00 

The Freedmen and Poor Whites 10.00 

Poor Children 33.87 

Sunday-School Music 15.00 

171 



^i&tot^ of &t paur0 d^pigicopal Cfiurc^ 

Donation through Livingstone class 122.65 

Per William Richardson 25.00 

Tract Society, Books for Soldiers 50.00 

St. Paul's Church 350.00 

$2,608.46 

It must not be forgotten that this offering of $2,608.46 was 
merely a part of St. Paul's contribution. The church itself 
gave as much more to worthy objects, particularly to poor 
churches and missionaries at home and abroad. No other 
church in Philadelphia, had, at this period, so great a record 
in this respect. 

While other churches, notably St. Peter's, were raising 
endowments to insure themselves a happy old age, St. Paul's 
declined to do so, upon the ground that, her money was needed 
to carry on the more important work then in hand. 

An endowment was indeed talked of in 1866, and Dr. New- 
ton proposed to the vestry a plan for erecting a row of build- 
ings for business purposes on Third Street, and erecting a 
new church and parish building in the rear, which would 
have secured an annual revenue equal to an endowment for 
the support of the old church. The vestry, with the exception 
of Jay Cooke and William Cummings, being unwilling to 
disturb the family vaults by the side of the present building, 
and for other reasons, did not accept the plan. The value of 
the church property in 1883 was placed at $85,000. 

Dr. Newton attracted attention for the radical liberality of 
religious views that he expressed from his pulpit and in his 
writings. Union College conferred upon him the degree of 
doctor of divinity in 1880. He was select preacher to 
Leiand Stanford Jr. University, in 1903, and vice-president 
of the Congress of Religion, 1910-11. He married, April 14, 
1864, Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Charles S. Lewis, of Phila- 
delphia. His publications were: "A Good Man and a Just 

172 




REV. ROBERT TIMPANY ROCHE, D. D. 

RECTOR OF ST. PAUL'S 1869-1872. 



J3iettot0Up ot 2Dr. Btmon 



One, A Sermon, Memorial of Robert Pennick King, Esq.," 
preached at St. Paul's Church, Sunday evening, October 18, 
1868; ''Children's Church," a Sunday-school hymn and 
service-book (New York, 1872); "The Morals of Trade" 
(1876) ; "Womanhood" (1880) ; "Studies of Jesus" (1880) ; 
"Right and Wrong Uses of the Bible" (1883) ; "The Book 
of the Beginnings" (1884) ; "Philistinism" (1885) ; "Social 
Studies" (1886); "Church and Creed" (1891); "Christian 
Science" (1898); "Parsifal" (1904), besides numerous 
magazine papers, addresses and reviews. Some of his works 
were republished in England. 




17? 



RECTORSHIP OF DR. ROCHE 

1869-1872 

0/^^g/^ HE Reverend Robert Timpany Roche, D.D,, rector 
y ^ I from October 8, 1869, to October 1, 1872, son of 
■ I I William Henry Roche by his wife Sarah Marian 
^^^^m Timpany, born at Digby, Nova Scotia, February 
25, 1823; died at Eatontown, New Jersey, Janu- 
ary 18, 1901. 

Educated at King's College, Windsor, Nova Scotia, and the 
General Theological Seminary, New York, he was admitted to 
Holy Orders in 1844, and sent as a missionary under the 
British "Society for the propagation of the Gospel" to 
Crapaud, Prince Edward Island, becoming rector of Trinity 
Church, Georgetown, soon afterward. 

He came to the United States about 1867, accepting an 
election to the rectorship of Christ Church, Riverton, New 
Jersey, and two years afterward was elected rector of St. 
Paul 's, Philadelphia, remaining there until ill health required 
a change of climate. In his long and faithful ministry of 
nearly sixty years he was successively rector of Trinity 
Church, Georgetown, Prince Edward Island; Christ Church, 
Riverton, New Jersey; St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia; St. 
Mark's Church, Palatka, Florida; St. Timothy's Church, 

174 




REV. SAMUEL H. BOYER, D.D. 

RECTOR OF ST. PAUL'S 1873-1879. 



Witctot^'^ip of 2Dr. TBo^n 



Philadelphia J Christ Church, Monticello, Florida; and St. 
James' Memorial, Eatontown, New Jersey, where, in spite of 
failing health, he spent nine years of devoted service to his 
beloved Master, and died in 1901. His body lies in the beau- 
tiful old churchyard of Christ Church, Shrewsbury, New 
Jersey. 



EECTORSHIP OF DR. BOYER 

1873-1879 

^^^■^HE Reverend Samuel Herbert Boyer, D.D,, rector 
/^ I from February 4, 1873, to 1879, son of Judge 
M I I Samuel Boyer of Elmira, by his wife Elenore 
^^^^Jr Simmons, born at Big Flats, Chemung County, 
New York, October 20, 1836; entered into rest 
January 15, 1916, and was buried in West Laurel Hill, Phila- 
delphia. 

He entered Kenyon College, Gambler, Ohio, where he was 
graduated in 1866, and was ordained by Bishop Mcllvaine at 
Columbus, Ohio, in the following year. His early charges 
were Christ Church, Xenia, Ohio; Christ Church, Glendale, 
Ohio, and St. James' Church, Pittston, Pennsylvania. During 
his five years' rectorate at St. Paul's he was fairly success- 
ful and most highly regarded. The congregation had at 
that time dwindled in numbers, but he faithfully admin- 
istered to it, and during his rectorship the attendance at the 
church was fair and remained about stationary. Subsequently, 
he was rector of St. Peter's, Delaware, Ohio, but returned to 
Philadelphia to complete plans for the building of the Church 
of the Holy Spirit, Eleventh Street and Snyder Avenue, 
where his active services were greatly appreciated by the 
people of South Philadelphia. He was indefatigable in his 

175 



work amongst the sick and the afflicted. His zeal for mis- 
sionary work, in the latter part of his life, took him at times 
to the open pulpit of the streets, where, with a wagon and an 
organ, he conducted services in that section known as the 
"Neck," in districts inhabited by the very poor, who, he 
found, had not been attracted by the regular church services. 
He was rector of the Church of the Holy Spirit for nine- 
teen years, and retired in 1908 as rector emeritus. 



RECTORSHIP OF REV. MR. ADAMSON 

1879-1886 

'HE Rev. William Swan Adamson, rector from July 
/ ^ 2, 1879, to August 31, 1886, a native of Dundee, 

fl I Scotland, died at Nice, France, October, 1913, 

^^^^^ and is buried in the Caneada Cemetery of that 
city. He emigrated to the United States, became 
a naturalized citizen and settled in Connecticut, where, at 
Torrington, he officiated as a clergyman of the Congregational 
Church, and also at Ansonia in that State. 

Subsequently the faith and practice of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church drew him to her, and he was, after prepara- 
tion, made a deacon by the Rt. Rev. Abram Newkirk Little- 
john, D.D., Bishop of Long Island, January 25, 1875, and 
raised to the priesthood by the same Bishop, December 20, 
1875. 

He was in charge of St. Thomas's Church, Ravenswood, 
Long Island, in 1875, and rector of that parish from 1876 to 
1879, when he became rector of St. Paul's on the second of 
July of that year. Here he did excellent work and was much 
esteemed, but resigned to accept the rectorship of the Amer- 
ican Church in Geneva, Switzerland, where he remained for 

176 




REV. WILLIAM ADAMSON. 

RECTOR 1880-1886. 



Witctot^^ip ot SDr* ContaH 



seven years, going from there to the Church of the Holy 
Trinity, at Nice, France, which position he held for nineteen 
years until his decease, in the rectory of that Church, in 1913. 



RECTORSHIP OF DR. CONRAD 
1886-1893 

^^^M^HE Eeverend Thomas Kittera Conrad, D.D., rector 
V^ I from October, 1886, to May 28, 1893, son of 
■ I I Harry I. Conrad by his wife Hannah S. Kay, 
^^^^f was born at Philadelphia, January 19, 1836, and 
died at Wayne, Pennsylvania, 28 May, 1893. 
Obtaining his earlier education at Dr. Samuel Crawford's 
school, Fourth Street below Arch Street, he entered the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania and was graduated bachelor of arts 
in 1855, and pursued his theological studies under Bishop 
Alonzo Potter, by whom he was ordained January 19, 1860, 
in St. Mark's Church, Philadelphia. He received his master's 
degree from the University of Pennsylvania, 1858, and that of 
doctor of divinity from Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, in 
1868. His first charge was All Saint's Church, Philadelphia, 
and he was the first rector of Calvary Church, Germantown, 
which he was instrumental in building. He was also rector 
of St. John's Church, Clifton, Staten Island, New York; 
assistant minister of the Church of the Heavenly Rest, New 
York, under the Rev, Dr. Rowland; rector of the Church of 
the Transfiguration, Philadelphia, which he erected on his 
return from Europe, whither he had gone to be treated for 
an affection of the throat. Resigning in 1884 he again went 
abroad. On his return to Philadelphia in 1886, he was elected 
rector of St. Paul's Church, in October of that year, which 
13 177 



position he held at the time of his death in connection with 
St. Mary's Memorial Church, Wayne, of which he had been 
invited to take charge in October, 1888. 

Prior to this there had been no church building at "Wayne, 
the members of the congregation worshipping in a hall, as 
an organization had been effected a few years before. Shortly 
after his second return from Europe, Dr. Conrad signified his 
desire of building a church in memory of his parents. The 
church was built during 1889 and 1890; the corner-stone 
being laid June 27, 1889, and church consecrated April 17, 
1890. While engaged in one of his most pleasant self-imposed 
tasks, that of ringing the church chimes. Dr. Conrad became 
overheated and thus contracted a cold, which resulted in his 
confinement to the house, during which a special even-song 
service was held in the church. To hear the music of this 
service, he sat by an open window, took additional cold which 
developed into pneumonia and ended fatally. 

He married, May 10, 1882, Anne, daughter of John Fries 
Eraser, LL.D., vice-provost and professor of natural philos- 
ophy and chemistry in the University of Pennsylvania. Mrs. 
Conrad was a communicant of St. Luke's and The Epiphany 
and much interested in parish work until her death, which 
occurred recently. Dr. Conrad was a trustee of the Drexel 
Institute, Philadelphia. Possessed of ample means his acts of 
charity were as countless as they were unostentatious. His 
publications were: "Prayer"; essays, occasional sermons and 
contributions to current literature. 



178 




REV. THOMAS KITTERA CONRAD, D.D. 
RECTOR OF ST. PAUL'S 1886-1893. 



llXtctttt^'^ip ot SDt. f^tebtn^ 



EECTORSHIP OF DR. STEVENS 
1893-1894 

'HE Reverend Charles Ellis Stevens, LL.D,, D.C.L., 
£ ^ rector from November 13, 1893, to December 16, 

A I 1894, son of James Edward Poole Stevens by his 

^^^^Jr wife Mary Pitkin Abrahams, was born at Boston, 
Massachusetts, July 5, 1853, and died at Brook- 
lyn, August 28, 1906. 

Entering the University of Pennsylvania in 1871, he studied 
at Yale College in 1872-73, and was graduated from the 
Berkeley Divinity School, Middletown, Connecticut, in 1875. 
His first appointment was as assistant at Grace Church, 
Brooklyn, New York, 1876-77; after which he was rector of 
the Church of the Ascension, Brooklyn, 1877-1880; arch- 
deacon of Brooklyn, 1887-1891, and rector of Christ Church, 
Philadelphia, 1891 to 1905, when he was succeeded by the 
Rev. Louis C. Washburn, S.T.D., the present rector. 

As many of the old families affiliated with and communi- 
cants of St. Paul's, had ceased to be regular attendants by 
reason of their removal to distant parts of the city and sub- 
urbs, and as business houses had largely supplanted the one- 
time dwelling houses, those who came to worship within its 
walls endeared by hallowed association, did so at a disad-. 
vantage to themselves and to the continuance of parochial life. 
Hence, while Dr. Stevens did excellent work here in connec- 
tion with his Christ Church parish, the field was not one of 
encouragement. He however held regular services during 1894. 

He was special lecturer on, and later professor of, constitu- 
tional law and civil polity at the University of the City of 
New York and other colleges. Fellow of the Royal Geograph- 
ical Society, a member of the Society of Antiquarians of 

179 



Edinburgh, and, of other learned as well as hereditary-patriotic 
societies, in which latter he took a deep interest. The Uni- 
versity of Wooster, Ohio, conferred upon him the degree of 
LL.D, in 1888, and King 's College, Canada, in the same year, 
the D.C.L. degree, and Yale, that of Ph.D. 

He married Ella Monteith, daughter of Walter Monteith 
Aikman, Brooklyn, New York, and had issue. 

His publications embraced many reviews, pamphlets and 
sermons, as well as several books, the most important being: 
"The Sources of the Constitution of the United States" 
(1894), published in England, and translated into French 
(1897) ; "The Romance of Arensfels, and Other tales of the 
Rhine" (1897). For some years he was an associate editor of 
The Living Church. 



RECTORSHIP OF DR. McGARVEY 

1897-1898 

^^^j^HE Reverend William I. McGarvey, D.D., rector 
/ ^\ June 1, 1897, to October 1, 1898, son of Alex- 
■ I I ander McGarvey by his wife Mary Jane Col- 
^^^^r well, was born at Philadelphia, August 14, 
1861. 
Educated in the public schools of Philadelphia and by pri- 
vate tutors, he entered the General Theological Seminary in 
New York, was graduated with the bachelor's degree in 
1887, and ordained priest, August 22, 1886, becoming 
curate of the Church of the Evangelists, Philadelphia, 1886 
to 1896, and rector of St. Paul's the following year. He later 
was rector of St. Elizabeth's Church, Philadelphia, Master 
of the Companions of the Holy Saviour, and Chaplain- 
General of the Sisterhood of St. Mary in the United States. 

180 




REV. CHARLES ELLIS STEVENS. 
RECTOR OF ST. PAUL'S 1893-1894. 



Wiettot0^ip ot m* 9?c(Bati)eg 



Nashotah Seminary, Wisconsin, conferred upon him the D.D. 
degree in 1904. He was a high churchman, and having 
the courage of his beliefs and convictions he subsequently 
seceded from the Protestant Episcopal Church and entered 
the priesthood of the Roman Catholic Church, May 27, 1908. 
He is now doing most efficient work, in his new field of activ- 
ity, charged as he is, especially to visit the sick and suffering, 
at the Philadelphia Hospital, University Hospital and Presby- 
terian Hospital. As an Assistant to Reverend I. C. Monahan, 
Rector of St. James Roman Catholic Church, Southeast corner 
of Thirty-eighth and Chestnut Streets, West Philadelphia, and 
he is highly regarded by the clergy, and loved and respected 
by his parishioners. Among his publications were : * ' The Cere- 
monies of a Low Celebration" (1891) ; ''Catechetical Instruc- 
tion" (1893) ; ''The Council of Nicaea" (1894) ; "Liturgiae 
Americanea" (1895), a valuable work on the liturgy of the 
American Episcopal Church. 



On the fourteenth of March, 1901, the rector, church war- 
dens, and vestrymen of St. Paul's Church, by Thomas Mc- 
Cully, accounting warden, and Frederick Metettal, secretary, 
presented a petition to the Court of Common Pleas No, 5 of 
Philadelphia County, praying that the corporation be dis- 
solved and setting forth that, upon the completion of the 
church building, the Church of St. Paul entered upon a long 
period of usefulness, was attended by large congregations and 
supported by a membership of persons of substantial means 
and so continued for more than a century, successfully accom- 
plishing the purposes for which it was organized. When, 
however, the neighborhood ceased to be desirable as a place of 
residence and the members moved to other parts of the city, 
the attendance greatly decreased, and through subsequent 

181 



years continued to decrease, until those who were able to rent 
sittings and otherwise contribute to the support of the parish 
became so reduced in number, that the resources of the church 
ceased to be sufficient for the employment of a rector and the 
maintenance of regular services. 

Contending with the difficulties arising from these condi- 
tions the vestry have for many years made every effort to 
continue public worship in the church, sustain the other duties 
of the parish and maintain the property, seeking financial aid 
from others not members of this church, and the ministrations 
of the clergy of other parishes; but it has long since become 
apparent that the parish cannot be sustained by the occasional 
aids of those upon whom it has no claim, and having no en- 
dowment or other reserve fund, the petitioner is compelled to 
the decision to terminate the corporate existence of the church 
^and dispose of its property. 

That the only disposition of the property practicable, and 
"at the same time accordant with the intentions of those by 
whom it was acquired and devoted to religious uses, is to 
transfer it to another church of the same faith and denominar 
tion willing to accept it and to endeavor to continue tne 
services. 

Therefore, the petitioner has requested St. Peter's Church, 
incorporated, as "The Rector, Church Wardens and Vestry- 
men of St. Peter's Church in the City of Philadelphia," to 
take over the property for the religious and charitable uses 
of that church corporation, and it has agreed so to do. 

St. Peter's Church is situated near St, Paul's, at the south- 
west corner of Third and Pine Streets, is of the communion 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and in its usages and 
practices conforms in all essential particulars to those of St. 
Paul 's, and to the requirements set forth in the Agreement of 
the Contributors and in the Charter. 

182 




REV. WILLIAM L McGARVEY, D.D. 

RECTOR OF ST. PAUL'S 1897-1898. 



petition to 2Di00oIbe Cotpotation 



In accepting the offer of this church, it was stipulated on 
the part of St. Peter's Church, and agreed to by the peti- 
tioner, that the property shall be conveyed free of all con- 
ditions, restrictions and trusts so far as the petitioner is 
enabled so to convey or shall be empowered by the court; 
satisfied that the application of the property to the religious 
and charitable purposes of the corporation of St, Peter's 
Church sufficiently protects the intentions of the founders 
and the petitioner. 

That, as the continuance of the corporate existence of this 
church cannot serve any useful purpose after the conveyance 
of its property, it desires to surrender its charter and be 
dissolved. 

That all the matters above mentioned having been duly 
considered at a meeting of the members of the Church of St. 
Paul, at which a majority were present, held on the twenty- 
eighth of February, and seventh day of March, A. D. 1901, 
after notice publicly given at morning service on the twenty- 
fourth day of February, A. D. 1901, the following resolu- 
tions were then agreed upon and passed unanimously : 

Whereas, at a meeting of the Church Wardens and Vesti*ymen of 
the Church of St. Paul (the office of Rector being then and at the 
present time vacant), held on the seventeenth day of December, 1900, 
and subsequently at a meeting of the members of the church, held 
on the twenty-ninth day of December, 1900, after notice duly given, 
it was decided that the interests of this Church will be best advanced 
by transferring all its property to St. Peter's Church, and that the 
necessary steps be taken to that end. 

And Whereas : at a conference of the vestries of the two churches 
all matters necessary to be understood and agreed upon have been 
considered and settled, to the effect that this church corporation 
shall sell, transfer and convey all its property real and personal to 
the corporation of St. Peter's Church, in consideration of one dollar, 
and for the religious and charitable purposes of the corporation of 
St. Peter's Church; and that at the same time the corporate existence 

183 



of the Church of St. Paul shall cease and by proper process be dis- 
solved. 

And Whereas in the judgment of this meeting the present con- 
ditions and future prospects of the Church are such that it will not 
be possible to continue and maintain regular public worship and 
services; and it is our belief that the uses and purposes for which 
the church property was acquired and held, will be more nearly ful- 
filled by transferring it to St. Peter's Church than by any other use 
of the same that can now be made; 

And Whereas it is the desire of St. Peter's Church that in the 
transfer of the property no condition, restriction, or trust shall be 
reserved or imposed, and so far as we are enabled or may be em- 
powered by the Court we approve and agree to that stipulation; 

Now Therefore Resolved: 

I. That the action of the Vestry as above mentioned is approved 
and confirmed and this meeting requests and authorizes the " Rector, 
Church Wardens, and Vestrymen of the Episcopal Church of St. 
Paul in the City of Philadelphia, in the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania" to transfer and convey all property real and personal of 
the Church of St. Paul to the Rector, Church Wardens and Vestry- 
men of St. Peter's Church in the City of Philadelphia, its successors 
and assigns; and that application be made by the Vestry to the 
Court of Common Pleas for leave to make and perfect such sale 
and conveyance, 

II. Resolved, That the Charter of the Corporation of the Church 
of St. Paul be surrendered and that proceedings for dissolution be 
taken in the proper Court. 

III. Resolved, That a certain charge of Seventy-five dollars per 
annum upon the land late of Lydia Delany, deceased in Delaware 
County, Pennsylvania, created by her will for "a scholarship in 
St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia" further secured by a bond and 
mortgage redeemable upon the payment of fifteen hundred dollars, 
made by Mary McClure shall pass and endure to the benefit of St. 
Peter's Church for the purposes set forth in said will, bond and 
mortgage; and that a petition be presented to the proper Court for 
leave to assign such yearly charge and mortgage, and for the sub- 
stitution of St. Peter's Church as Trustee, in place of this Church. 

And Thereupon^ at a meeting of the Vestry held immediately 
after the meeting of the members of the church, the following was 
unanimously passed: 

Whereas^ the members of this church have at a meeting duly con- 

184 



petition to M00ol\it Corpotatton 



vened, passed a resolution confirming the action heretofore taken 
by this Vestry: 

I. Resolved: That the "Rector, Church Wardens and Vestrjanen 
of the Episcopal Church of St. Paul in the City of Philadelphia in 
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania" acting by its Wardens and 
Vestrymen, when empowered by the order of the proper Court, do 
transfer and convey all its property real and personal of every 
kind and description to " The Rector, Church Wardens and Vestry- 
men of St. Peter's Church in the City of Philadelphia" its Succes- 
sors and Assigns. 

II. Resolved: That this corporation shall surrender its Charter 
and be dissolved. 

III. Resolved: That a petition be prepared and presented to the 
Court of Common Pleas of the City and County of Philadelphia for 
leave and authority to make conveyance as aforesaid and for leave 
to dissolve. 

IV. That the accounting Warden be authorized to attach the seal 
of the corporation, to be attested by him and the Secretary of this 
meeting, to the said Petition and to all deeds, conveyances, and as- 
surances necessary or proper to be made and executed for the trans- 
fer and delivery of the property of this Church to the Rector, 
Church Wardens and Vestrymen of St. Peter's Church in the City 
of Philadelphia its successors and assigns. 

V. Resolved, That a petition be prepared with the seal of this cor- 
poration attached and attested as aforesaid, and presented to the 
Orphans' Court of Delaware County for the discharge of this Church 
as Trustee under the will of Lydia Delany, late of Delaware County, 
Pennsylvania, of a charge of seventy-five dollars per annum for a 
scholarship in St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia and for the substi- 
tution in its place of the Rector, Church Wardens and Vestrymen 
of St. Peter's Church in the City of Philadelphia, and for leave to 
assign the mortgage made by Mary McClure as a further security 
for said charge. 

President Judge J. Willis Martin, after the usual notice by adver- 
tisement and there being no objection entered the following decree: 

In the Court of Common Pleas No. 5, for the County of Philadel- 
phia, March Term, 1901, No. 160. 

In the matter of the Petition of the Rector, Church Wardens and 
Vestrymen of the Episcopal Church of St. Paul in the City of 
Philadelphia in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 

185 



I^fgftor? ot &t pauI'iS (Cpijtfcppal C5utc$ 

Decree 

And Now April 1st, 1901, on motion of W. M. Lansdale, Esq., 
upon hearing the Petition of the Rector, Church Wardens and 
Vestrymen of the Episcopal Church of St. Paul in the City of 
Philadelphia, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for leave to sell 
and convey all the property of said Church corporation to the Rec- 
tor, Church "Wardens and Vestrymen of St. Peter's Church in the 
City of Philadelphia; and for leave to surrender its Charter and be 
dissolved the prayers of the said Petition are granted and: — 

It is Ordered and Decreed I. That the Rector, Church War- 
dens and Vestrymen of the Episcopal Church of St. Paul in the City 
of Philadelphia in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania be authorized 
and empowered to sell for the consideration of one dollar, and grant, 
assign and convey by proper deed or deeds of conveyance to the 
Rector, Church Wardens and Vestrymen of St. Peter's Church in the 
City of Philadelphia, its successors and assigns, all its lots or pieces 
of ground with the buildings thereon erected situate on the East side 
of Third Street between Walnut and Spruce Street in the City of 
Philadelphia as in the said Petition more particularly described; 

And Also the burial lots in Mount Moriah Cemetery conveyed to 
the Petitioner by deed dated June 23rd, A. D. 1855, being Section 
numbered forty-seven as described in said petition. 

II. And it Appearing that due notice of the application of the 
Petitioner for leave to dissolve has been given by publication in two 
daily newspapers of the City of Philadelphia, and the legal Intelli- 
gencer once a week for three weeks and it further appearing the 
prayer of said petitioner may be granted without prejudice to the 
public welfare or interests of the corporators and members of said 
church: IT IS FURTHER ORDERED AND DECREED that the 
said corporation the Rector, Church Wardens and Vestrymen of the 
Episcopal Church of St. Paul in the City of Philadelphia, in the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, be and the same is hereby dissolved 
and all and singular its powers, franchises and privileges be and 
the same are hereby extinguished and determined ; provided that this 
Decree shall not go into effect until a certified copy thereof be filed 
and recorded in the Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

J. Willis Martin^ 
President Judge. 



186 



iDtcttt Si>i00oMnfi Corporation 



This decree dissolved St. Paul's Cliiirch corporation 
and authorized the transfer of its real estate to the cor- 
poration of St. Peter's Church, Third and Pine Streets, 
of the same faith and denomination, which latter cor- 
poration was willing to accept the same and to con- 
tinue the church services. Accordingly this was done, 
as the Rector, Church Wardens and Vestrymen of the 
Episcopal Church of St. Paul conveyed to the Rector, 
Church Wardens and Vestrymen of St. Peter's Church, 
by deed dated April 10, 1901, recorded at Philadelphia 
in Deed Book J. V. No. 204, page 519, the church 
and burial ground, viz. (No. 1) situate on the east 
side of Third Street between Walnut and Spruce 
Streets (being the northernmost part of two lots pur- 
chased by Samuel Powell of Thomas Parsons and as- 
signed to Anthony Morris), containing in front on 
Third Street 73 feet and in depth eastward 105 feet. 
(2) Situate east side of Third Street between Walnut 
and Spruce Streets (being the southernmost part of 
two lots aforesaid purchased by Samuel Powell of 
Thomas Parsons and assigned to Israel Morris). 
Front 30 feet, depth 195 feet. The Rector, Church 
Wardens and Vestrymen of St. Peter's Church subse- 
quently on April 16, 1904, reconveyed said church and 
burial ground to the trustees of the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church in the Diocese of Pennsylvania, by deed 
recorded at Philadelphia in Deed Book W. S. V. No. 
284, page 350. 

This last deed recites that the Rector, Church War- 
dens and Vestry of St. Peter's Church, desiring to con- 
tinue the use for religious purposes of the church build- 

187 



ing owned by them, known as St. Paul's Churcli on 
Third Street, have offered to convey it to the trustees 
of the Diocese, to hold for the Philadelphia Protestant 
Episcopal City Mission so long as that body should con- 
tinue to use it for the purposes of their organization and 
keep and maintain the property and ground in suitable 
order and condition, and, in the event of the City Mis- 
sion no longer making use of it, to hold for such other 
purposes and objects without restrictions as the Bishop 
and Standing Committee of the Diocese of Pennsylvania 
may direct. The legal title to the lot of St. Paul's 
Church appears, therefore, to be vested today in the 
trustees of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the 
Diocese of Pennsylvania. The assessed value of the 
land and building on the tax books of the city of Phila- 
delphia is $50,000, although, as a church, it is, under the 
law, exempt from taxation. 

While there is no reference to the subject in the de- 
cree of President Judge Martin above quoted, it is clear 
that St. Peter's Church corporation only acquired the 
legal title, subject to the condition that it would con- 
tinue services and protect the intention of the founders ; 
and subject also to the further trust and restriction 
that it is a church and graveyard and can be devoted to 
no other purpose. The trustees are without power in 
law to divert it from the uses for which it is impressed 
without the consent of a court having jurisdiction over 
trusts. And this is also the law upon the dissolution of 
a charitable corporation. Its property, upon sale, will 
be appropriated by the Court to the purpose most 

188 



SDtttte M&^oMns Corporation 



nearly akin to the intent of the donors and will not be 
distributed to the donors (In Re Centennial and 
Memorial Association of Valley Forge, 235 Pa. St. 
Rep., p. 206. Young's Estate, 224 Pa. St., p. 570; 
Young's Estate, 20 Penna. Dist. Rep., p. 686 (1911). 
Gummey, J.) As was stated by the court of Lehigh 
County by Albright, President Judge in Zion German 
Reformed Congregation's appeal, 1 Monaghan, page 
635, ''whether a profit can be made by removing the 
bodies and selling the ground cannot enter into the in- 
quiry. There is no law, and it is to be hoped that 
there never will be, permitting the dead to be exhumed 
and carried from one burying-ground to another when- 
ever a cheaper place to deposit the remains can be 
found." See Methodist Cemetery case, 39 Pa. Co. Ct. 
Rep., page 17. If the trustees of the Diocese conclude 
to sell St. Paul's, before its sale, the permission of the 
Court of Common Pleas of this County is required to be 
first obtained, after hearing all parties in interest, under 
the Act of May 23, 1887. This Act also requires that 
each body to be removed shall be separately reinterred 
in some suitable burial ground and each grave be 
marked by headstones, et cetera, and there is the fur- 
ther provision that no such petition shall be granted by 
the court, except upon condition set forth in the decree 
requiring the petitioners to purchase the rights of all 
lot-holders in such burial grounds, and to secure the 
consent in writing of the near relatives of the deceased, 
whenever such relatives shall appear as parties to such 
proceedings. The trustees of the Diocese hold the 
title subject to like trusts and limitations, to which has 

189 



^motv ot &t paurjei (episcopal Cl^utcl 

been added the further trust by St. Peter's that it shall 
be held for the benefit of the City Mission. As long as 
the City Mission continues to occupy the old Sunday 
School for its business offices and continues the church 
services no one has any objection. But an interesting 
legal question would arise if it were attempted to sell 
Old St. Paul's Church and burial ground after exhum- 
ing the dead, recoffining them, buying a new ground, 
and marking each grave with headstones and purchas- 
ing the rights of all lot-holders, and give the proceeds, 
if there were any, to the City Mission. The right of 
St. Peter's corporation to add a trust in favor of the 
City Mission upon the other subsisting trusts then ex- 
isting is not clear in law and is probably ultra vires. 
Under section 7 of the Act of April 26, 1855, P. L. 
328, it has been held by the Supreme Court: ''This 
legislation in most unequivocal terms confirms to every 
religious society, incorporated or unincorporated, the 
absolute ownership of its property subject only to the 
condition that it shall not divert it from the uses and 
purposes and trusts to which it may have been lawfully 
dedicated. It expresses the settled policy of the State 
with respect to the tenure of property held by religious 
societies that has been steadily observed without ques- 
tion for now more than half a century." Krauczunas 
V. Hogan, 221 Pa. St. Eep., 213. The terms of the Act 
of Assembly are imperative. St. Paul's Church, Chest- 
nut Hill, 30 Pa. St. Reps., 152; Louther M. E. Church, 
40 Pa. Co. Ci, p. 615. 

Under this statute it is difficult to see how St. Peter's 
corporation, as trustee of St. Paul's real estate con- 

190 



^ecttt M^^olbinz Cotpotation 



veyed to it for the nominal consideration of one dollar, 
even if the deed erroneously states it to be in fee simple, 
could make a valid trust in favor of the City Mission, 
which would entitle the City Mission to the proceeds of 
the sale of the real estate, because that would be di- 
verting it from the uses, purposes and trusts to which it 
had been lawfully delegated. And this no court would 
permit. See Krauczunas v. Hogan, 221 Pa. St. Eeps., 
213 (1908), Stewart, J.; Phillips v. Westminster 
Church, 225 Pa. St. Reps., 62 (1909), Sulzberger, P. 
J.; Mazaika v. Krauczunas, 233 Pa. St. Reps., 138 
(1911), Stewart, J. 

This question, however, is not important at this time. 
It is proper to say that the City Mission has faithfully 
held noonday services in Old St. Paul's Church since 
that time and still continues them and ought to continue 
them. Many churchmen, having regard to the history 
of Old St. Paul's, and doubtless aware of the legal 
status of the land, are of opinion that the services at the 
church should be continued and not abandoned, and that 
those buried there have rights which should be respected. 
"We must not forget that, primarily, we are dealing 
merely with property rights which are regulated by law. 

Some few churchmen, ignorant both of the facts and 
the law of trusts as applicable to the title to the real 
estate, not having had the matter brought to their at- 
tention, affect to believe that Old St. Paul's is merely 
an asset to which the trustees of the Diocese have a 
title in fee simple, from which money can be obtained 
for the prosecution and extension of other church work 

191 



^i^tot^ ot S>t ^mV0 (Episcopal Cj^urcS 

to be determined by them, without leave of the court. 
As to this, they may find themselves mistaken. In 
their commercial view it is no longer a consecrated 
place, but a piece of ground having a money value, in- 
cumbered by a useless building and some old bones, to- 
gether with slabs of marble, that ought to be sold and 
devoted to business purposes, that the work of the 
church may be extended through the City Mission in 
some other location, without the allegation or sugges- 
tion that St. Paul's is a nuisance, dilapidated or out 
of repair, which cannot truthfully be said, because it is 
in good order and condition. 

This desire to make money out of the dead, by the 
sale of ground dedicated to its use, is not a new prop- 
osition. Unhappily, there are some people to whom 
it seems right to traffic over a grave and the sacred 
ashes of the dead, if money can be obtained. In March, 
1889, two auctioneers sold in the City of Washington, 
D. C, a tract of land, including the grave of Mary, the 
mother of General George Washington, at Fredericks- 
burg, Virginia, but the Supreme Court of that State re- 
fused to permit it (Colbert vs. Kirtly and Shepherd, 
89 Virginia Reports, p. 401, 1892). 

Another recent attempt to disturb the repose of the 
dead was in the Legislature of Pennsylvania by House 
Bill No. 591, Session of 1917, authorizing the Court of 
Quarter Sessions to make orders and decrees for the 
removal of bodies interred in burial grounds or ceme- 
teries in or adjacent to cities, which passed both houses 
but Governor Martin G. Brumbaugh on July 6, 1917, 
very properly vetoed it, stating: 

192 



S)e&itt to 9^eitt 9^ont^ out ot t^t ISDeati 

" The Bill does not indicate whose oversight shall be invoked to 
care for those sacred quantities of Christian dust when once they are 
removed. The Bill does not indicate from what source shall come the 
funds for the removal of these bodies, nor does it provide any means 
of payment for ground to which they are transferred. 

" Especially is the Bill lacking in any provision to hint even as to 
the ownership of the abandoned burial ground after the bodies are 
removed. Whose ground is it? The act is silent. There is in' this 
silence the portent of the conceivable purpose of the Bill. Some one 
may want this ground. These neglected bodies are in the way. This 
Bill would remove them and make easy the acquisition by some one of 
this ground. It is evident that such ground becomes very valuable. 
This value should be secured to all the people. This Bill would secure 
it against the people. 

" For these : easons this Bill is not approved." 

To the writer, it seems not only a fallacy to measure 
the value of a slirine in money as an asset, but when it 
includes the remains of one's ancestors it is abhorrent. 
Let us hope the trustees of the Diocese will so deter- 
mine, and take up the question how to best preserve 
Old St. Paul's for posterity, and decide it in a way that 
will meet with the approval, not only of those inter- 
ested in St. Paul's, the church at large and its history, 
but of a court of equity, if it has to be submitted to a 
court, in order to give a good title to the property or 
for any other cause, and not by selling it to some his- 
torical corporation or Society as has been suggested, 
which would be discreditable alike to the trustees of the 
Diocese and the Protestant Episcopal Church itself. 



14 193 




T T T T 
Hppenbfr 

1111 

H 




AETICLES OF AGREEMENT,^ ETC. 

Certain agreements, concessions and constitutions, made, concluded, 
and agreed upon, by and between the subscribers and contributors, 
for raising a sum of money for purchasing or renting one or more 
lots of ground, and building a church, in the city of Philadelphia, 
the twenty-fourth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thou- 
sand seven hundred and sixty. 

WHEREAS the Reverend William Macelenachan, a minister of 
the established church of England, travelling through the city of 
Philadelphia, was, after experience of his religious abilities, and 
ardent zeal for the promotion of Christianity, prevailed on to exer- 
cise the office and duties of a minister, by a large number of the 
reputable, religious, and well disposed part of the congregation of 
Christ's church, in Philadelphia, and accordingly was admitted, pro- 
nounced, and declared, at the instance, and request, and with the as- 
sent of the said congregation, by the rector, vestry and church-war- 
dens of the said church, an assistant minister to the said rector, and 
by them recommended to the Lord Bishop of London, for his licence 
for that purpose. And whereas, notwithstanding the said Reverend 
William Macelenachan did, before his said admission, procure the 
most ample testimonials as well of his moral as religious life and 
conversation, and hath since behaved himself, in his said office, with 
exemplary piety among the people, exerting himself in the cause of 
Christianity with remarkable industry, and indefatigable zeal; and 
notwithstanding the strong and earnest desire of the congregation to 
enjoy the advantage of the ministry of the said Rev. William Mac- 
elenachan, arising from the great benefit they have received from his 

1 Articles | of | Agreement, &c. | for raising a sum of money, | to pur- 
chase I a lot of ground, | and erecting thereon | a church, | (since known 
by the name of St. Paul's Church.) | In the city of Philadelphia. | 
and for vesting the same, with the lot on which | it is constructed, in cer- 
tain trustees. | To which is added, | The Act, with a Supplement to | th« 
Act for Incorporating | St. Paul 's Church, | in the city of Philadelphia. 
Philadelphia: | Printed by Jesper Harding | 1818. | 

194 



Sittitlt& ot Sig;uemtnt 



doctrines and examples; and notwithstanding their said recommen- 
dation to the bishop, the said rector, vestry and church-wardens, 
without any good and sufficient cause or reason, or ever hearing the 
said Reverend William Macclenachan, in defence of any charge of 
misbehaviour, they had to alledge against him, have dismissed from 
his said office of an assistant minister, and refused him the use of 
the pulpit of the said church. And whereas a number of well dis- 
posed persons having had experience of the said Reverend William 
Macclenachan's religious and exemplary deportment and sound prin- 
ciples of Christianity, and being resolved, as far as in them lies, to 
support and maintain their religious rights and privileges have sub- 
scribed and agreed to contribute a large sum of money for the pur- 
chasing or taking on ground rent one or more lots of ground, within 
the city of Philadelphia, and for building and erecting thereon a 
commodious house for the worship of GOD; which house, when cov- 
ered in, is forever to be and to remain to and for the several uses, 
and subject to the several trusts, concessions, agreements, and con- 
stitutions herein after mentioned and expressed, and to and for no 
other use, intent, or purpose whatsoever. 

Now know all Christian People, whom it may concern. That we, 
the under named subscribers and contributors, have conceded to, con- 
cluded and agreed on, and by these presents do concede to, conclude 
and agree on the following fundamental articles, rules, concessions 
and constitutions, for erecting, building, future support and govern- 
ment of the said church, the true intent and meaning whereof are 
not to be hereafter altered, changed, impaired, or diminished, but 
shall remain in full force and virtue, and inviolable forever: — 

First, That all sums of money already subscribed or contributed^ 
or that hereafter shall be subscribed or contributed, for the purpose 
aforesaid, shall be laid out, paid and expended in purchasing or tak- 
ing on ground rent, some convenient lot or lots of ground within 
the city of Philadelphia, and in building, erecting, and completely 
finishing thereon, a large commodious house; which house, when 
built, shall be used and employed as a house of public worship for- 
ever, wherein shall be read, performed, and taught the liturgy, rites, 
ceremonies, doctrines, and true principles of the established church of 
England, according to the plain, literal and grammatical sense of the 
thirty-nine articles of the said church, and no other whatsoever, and 
the same house is hereby agreed forever hereafter to be stiled and 
called by the name of Saint Paul's Church, 

Secondly, That the lot or lots of ground so to be purchased, or 
taken on ground rent, together with the buildings and improvements 

195 



thereon to be erected and made as aforesaid, shall be conveyed unto, 
and vested in fourteen such persons and their heirs forever, as the 
subscribers and contributors, professing members of the church of 
England, or a majority of them by way of ballot, shall choose, 
nominate and elect in trust; nevertheless, that they and the survivors 
and survivor of them, and their heirs, to such survivors, shall, and 
do, at all times hereafter, at the reasonable request, cost and charge 
of the congregation of the said church, or of a majority of them, 
signified in writing, under the hands of the vestry, for the time 
being, grant and convey the same unto such person and persons his 
and their heirs, as shall be nominated and appointed for that pur- 
pose, by the said members and congregation, or by a majority of 
them, to be determined by way of ballot, at any annual election of 
the officers of the said church, in trust; nevertheless, and to, for, 
and upon such and the uses, intents, trusts, and purposes, as are 
before, or hereafter in these presents mentioned, expressed, directed, 
or appointed, and no other, provided that the trustees, for the time 
being, be first well and sufficiently saved harmless and indemnified 
of and from all annuities, rent or charges, which they shall covenant 
or undertake to pay for the lot or lots of ground aforesaid. 

Thirdly, That the Reverend William Macclenachan aforesaid, shall 
be, and is hereby nominated, constituted, elected, and chosen the 
minister of the said church, to do and perform all the offices and 
duties to his said office pertaining, during his good behaviour, moral 
and religious life and conversation, and that upon the disease or the 
removal of the said Reverend William Macclenachan, a successor 
shall be chosen and appointed, by way of ballot, and in no other way 
or manner, by the members of the said church, or congregation, or 
a majority of them assembled for that purpose; which successor 
shall hold and enjoy his said office during his good behaviour, moral 
and religious life and conversation, and in such way, manner, and 
form, and no otherways, from time to time forever hereafter, shall 
all succeeding ministers be elected and chosen, which congregation 
shall be, and are hereby declared to be, such only as are professing 
members of the church of England, and contributors to the support 
and maintenance of the said church, and its minister or ministers, 
and having and paying for a setting in the said church, and of 
full age. 

Fourthly, That an assistant or assistants to the Reverend William 
Maeelenaehan, or to any of his successors, ministers in the said 
church, shall and may, as often as deemed necessary, be elected and 

196 



Sict tot Intotpotatins ^t ^mVfi C|utc|^ 

chosen' by the said congregation, or a majority of them, by way of 
ballot, and in no other way whatsoever, who shall hold the said 
office of assistant to the minister for the time being, during his good 
behaviour, moral and religious life and conversation; provided 
always, that every such minister and assistant, appointed and chosen 
as aforesaid, shall have first obtained the orders of a priest of the 
established church of England, and be duly ordained by the bishop of 
the said church, in Great Britain or Ireland, and shall, by the con- 
gregation, or a majority of them, be adjudged sound in his prin- 
ciples, according to the plain, literal and grammatical sense of the 
thirty-nine articles of the said church; of a moral and religious life 
and conversation, well acquainted with vital and experimental piety. 

Fifthly, That for the better management and economy of the said 
church, and for repairing and preserving the same, and the inclosures 
of the church yard and burial ground, from decay, there shall be 
elected and chosen, at or in the said church, by ballot, and in no 
other way, under the direction of the former vestry and church- 
wardens, or as many as shall assemble on Easter Monday, in every 
year, a new vestry, consisting of twenty sober reputable and religious 
persons of the said congregation, who shall superintend and take 
care of and repair the said church and inclosures, and do and per- 
form all and every other thing and duty there appertaining; also, 
that on the same day there shall be chosen and elected two church- 
wardens by and out of the vestry aforesaid, by way of ballot, which 
wardens shall be and are hereby made subject to the orders and 
directions of the vestry, and shall have no other or further power 
and authority than is hereby given and granted unto the vestry. 

Sixthly, That the vestry, for the time being, shall hire or rent out 
the pews, collect and receive the pew money, box money, and all the 
other revenues and incomes of the said church, (surplice fees ex- 
cepted) and shall from time to time, appropriate, pay and dispose 
in the following order: 

First, the annuities or rent charges which shall be issuing out of 
or chargeable on the lot or lots of ground, so to be procured as afore- 
said. Secondly, the salaries of the clerk and sexton of the said 
church, the reparations and amendments thereof, and of the church 
yard and burial ground, with the other incidental charges and ex- 
penses of the said church. And lastly, the overplus, or clear residue 
and remainder of such pew money, box money, and revenues and 
incomes of the said church, shall be paid into the hands of the min- 
ister of the said church, and his assistant, for the time being, in such 
parts, portions and dividends as the congregation, or a majority of 

197 



them, by way of ballot, as aforesaid, when assembled for that pur- 
pose, shall limit, direct or appoint. 

Seventhly, That the minister of the said church, for the time being, 
shall or may, so often as he shall think proper, ask and invite any 
orthodox minister of the church of England occasionally to officiate 
for him in the said church, and in case any objection be made 
thereto by a majority of the said congregation or vestry, for the 
time being, after once hearing the minister so invited, shall be no 
more asked or admitted to that service; provided always, that noth- 
ing herein contained shall be deemed or construed to extend to 
authorize or impower any minister, or vestry or church-wardens of 
the said church, to nominate and appoint, elect or establish, any 
minister or ministers in the said church, contrary to the true intent 
and meaning of these present constitutions; also, all elections, votes, 
determinations and appointments shall be had, given, and made by 
the congregation and vestry, or a majority of them, by way of ballot, 
and in no other way or manner whatsoever. 

AN ACT 

Incorporating St. Paul's Church, 

in the city op philadelphia. 

Section I. WHEREAS divers members of the Episcopal church, 
formerly in communion with the church of England, did many years 
ago, at a very considerable expense, erect and build an house for 
the public worship of God in the city of Phila- 
delphia, which they nominated and stiled St. 
Paul's Church, by certain constitutions and a special agreement vest- 
ing the same church, together with the lot of ground on which it is 
constructed, in certain persons in trust: And whereas the survivors 
of the said trustees, together with the present vestrymen of the 
above named church, have set forth and represented the disadvan- 
tages which they have sustained, and yet experience, from the want 
of legal power and consideration as a politic and corporate body; 
and also have petitioned that they, the said survivors together with 
the other members of the religious society who assemble in the said 
church, may be incorporated, and furnished with the due and cus- 
tomary privileges in this behalf, and that they may have perpetual 
succession: And whereas it is just and proper, and perfectly con- 
sistent with the true intention and spirit of the constitution, that 
the prayer of their said petition be granted. 

198 



Sict tot SncDtpotatinia; &t ^mV0 CfiurcJ 



Section II. Be it therefore enacted, and it is hereby enacted by 
the Representatives of the Freemen of the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania, in General Assembly met, and by the authority of the same, 
That the Rev. Samuel Magaw, Doctor of divinity, rector or minister 
of the said church, John Wood^ and Lambert 
Wilmer^ the present wardens, and Plunket Fleeson, 
John Young, Andrew Boz, George Goodwin, John 
Campbell,* George Ord, Blair M'Clenachan, Wm. Graham, George 
Glentworth,^ Joseph Bullock,'^ Saml. Penrose,"^ George Nelson, Richard 
Renshaw, Joseph Turner, John Keble,^ John Bates, James Dough- 



2 John Wood, an original subscriber and twenty-four years church 
warden, was the well-known clock and watch-maker of "The Sign of the 
Dial," Front and Chestnut Streets, q. v. 

3 Lambert Wilmer, son of Simon Wilmer of Shrewsbury Parish, Kent 
County, Maryland, by his wife Mary Price, was born there, June 8, 1747, 
and died at Philadelphia, March 9, 1825; married at St. Paul's, October 
12, 1770, Mary Barker. He was a vestryman in 1772 and 1773. 

♦ John Campbell, tea merchant at 1 South Front Street and 14 High 
Street, and member of the Hibernian Society; married November 2, 1771, 
Mary Wood. He, his wife and son, Dr. John Campbell were interred in 
St. Paul's ground. 

George Glentworth, M.D., son of Thomas Glentworth, a prominent sea- 
captain of Philadelphia, was born there in July, 1735. He began the 
Btudy of medicine imder his brother-in-law. Dr. Peter Sonmans and com- 
pleted it in Europe, receiving the M.D. degree from the University of 
Edinburgh in 1758. After serving as an assistant surgeon in the British 
army during the French and Indian War, he practised his profession in 
his native city. In 1773 he established a private hospital and from 1777 
until 1780, and possibly later, was a senior surgeon in the hospitals of the 
American Army, and, it is said, extracted the ball which wounded Gen- 
eral Lafayette at the battle of Brandywine. He was a signer of the 
Non-Importation Eesolutions; a founder of the Fishing Company of 
Fort St. Davids, which merged into the Fishing Company of the State in 
Schuylkill; a founder of the Medical Society of Pennsylvania; a mem- 
ber of the American Philosophical Society; an incorporator of the Society 
of Sons of St. George, and a founder of the College of Physicians of 
Philadelphia, of which he was one of its twelve Senior Fellows. He died 
at Philadelphia, 4 November, 1792, and was buried in the Glentworth 
vault in St. Paul 's churchyard, his funeral being ' ' attended by the great- 
est concourse of respectable citizens ever assembled in Philadelphia on a 
similar occasion." A portrait of Dr. Glentworth, by John Singleton 
Copley, is in Independence Hall. He married, 29 Nov., 1764, Margaret, 
daughter of John Linton by his wife Martha Bankson. His sons, Drs. 
Peter Sonmans Glentworth and Plunket Fleeson Glentworth were gradu- 
ates of the Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania. The 

199 



erty and Benjamin Towne, grocer, present vestrymen of the said 
church, and their successors, duly elected and nominated in their 
place and stead, be, and they are hereby made and constituted a cor- 
poration, and body politic in law and in fact, to have continuance for 
ever, by the name and title of '' The Minister Church Wardens and 
Vestrymen of the Episcopal Church of St. Paul, in the city of 
Philadelphia, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania." 

former was a martyr to his profession, and died in 1793, in the yellow 
fever epidemic of that year. The other son, Dr. Plunket Fleeson Glent- 
worth, was secretary of the University of Pennsylvania in 1791; a Fel- 
low of the College of Physicians ; a founder of the Academy of Fine Arts, 
and a trustee of the Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church for the 
Advancement of Christianity in Pennsylvania. During the residence of 
General Washington in Philadelphia, he was attended by Dr. Glentworth, 
who is thus mentioned by Washington in a letter, under date of 20 April, 
1797 : ' ' Thanks to the kind attention of my esteemed friend Doctor 
Glentworth . . . than whom no nobler man or skillful physician ever 
lived, I am now restored to my usual state of health. ' ' 

6 Joseph Bullock was one of the two surviving children of George 
Bullock, who died in 1758, the other being Elizabeth, wife of Peter Bayn- 
ton, Esq., Treasurer and Adjutant General of Pennsylvania, whose sis- 
ter, Esther Baynton, he had married and by whom he had children: 
Joseph Bullock, Sophia Bullock, Anna Maria Bullock, who d.s.p., and 
Eebecca Bullock, who married 15 Dec, 1803, Charles J. Wister. 

7 Samuel Penrose, son of Thomas Penrose by his wife Sarah Coats, 
born at Philadelphia, 14 Nov., 1742; died there in 1796, was a member 
of the Provincial Convention which met in Philadelphia, 23 January, 
1775; one of the founders of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry, 
of which organization he was quart«rmaster-sergeant in 1777 and served 
as such until the close of the Eevolution, his name being placed on the 
honorary roll in 1786; an organizer of the Pennsylvania Bank in 1780, 
and a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly of 1781-2-3. He married 
1st., 3 AprU, 1766, Ann. daughter of Plunket Fleeson Esq., q.v.; 2d., 
30 September, 1780, Sarah Moulder, and had issue by both marriages. — 
See "History of the Penrose Family," by J. Granville Leach, pp. 25, 
50-1. 

8 John Keble, a native of England, was some years a vestryman and a 
considerable benefactor of St. Paul's. In April, 1806, he presented the 
baptismal font, and, by wiU of 24 Sept., 1807, bequeathed his house and 
lot on north side of Pearson's Court for the use of aged mdows of the 
Church, with an additional legacy of one thousand dollars, of which one- 
fourth was for repairs on said house, one-fourth towards purchase of an 
organ, one-fourth towards cupola for church, and one-fourth towards the 
purchase of a bell for the church. He married 17 Oct., 1771, Abigail 
Spicer, and died 29 Sept., 1807, aed sixty-three years, q.v. 

200 



Sitt tot lincotpotatins &t ^mV0 €Wtt^ 

Section III. And he it further enacted by the authority afore- 
said, That the said minister, church-wardens and vestrymen, and 
their successors, by the name and title aforesaid, shall forever here- 
after be persons able and capable in law to pur- 
Corporation may ^^^se, have, receive, take, hold and enjoy, in fee 
purchase and simple, or of any lesser estate or estates, any 
hold land, &c. lands, tenements, rents, annuities, liberties, fran- 
chises and other hereditaments, by the gift, grant, 
bargain, sale, alienation, enfeoffment, release, confirmation or devise 
of any person or persons, bodies politic or corporate, capable to 
make the same; and further, that the said corporation may take and 
receive any sum or sums of money, and any kind, manner or por- 
tion of goods and chattels, that shall be given or bequeathed to the 
said minister, church-wardens and vestrymen, and their successors, 
by any person or persons, bodies politic and corporate, capable to 
make a gift or bequest thereof, such money, goods and chattels to be 
laid out by them in a purchase or purchases of lands, tenements, 
messuages, houses, rents, annuities or hereditaments, to them and 
their successors forever. 

Section IV. And he it further enacted hy the authority afore- 
said, That the rents and revenues, profits and interests of the said 
church and corporation shall, by the said minister, church-wardens 
and vestrymen, and their successors from time to 
Manner of time, be appointed for the maintenance and sup- 
applying the pQj^ q£ ^.jjg minister or ministers, and ofl&cers of 
^ the said church, and for the necessary repairs of 

the said church, burial ground, church yard, par- 
sonage house or houses, and other tenements, which do now or here- 
after may or shall belong to the said church and corporation, and 
to no other use or purpose whatsoever. 

Section V. And he it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, 

That the said minister, church-wardens and vestrymen, and their 

successors, shall and may grant, alien, or otherwise 

Corporation may ^igpogg of ^^y messuages, houses, lands, tenements 

J! J.Z. X X o_ or hereditaments, other than the scite of the 
of the estate, &c. 

house of public worship or church aforesaid, and 

the burial ground or grounds which they do now or may hereafter 

possess, as to them may seem meet and proper. 

Section VI. Provided always, and he it further enacted hy the 

authority aforesaid, That in the disposition, sale or alienation of such 

201 



^i0tot^ of fet paur0 (Epfiefcopal CJutcS 

messuages, houses, lands, tenements and hereditaments, the consent 

and concurrence of two-thirds of the vestry shall 

^°" " be had and obtained, and also the monies arising 

tliG V6stry 

from the said disposition or sale shall be appro- 
consenting. . 1 , . , . , 

priated to the purchasmg and procuring other 

more convenient messuages, houses, lands or tenements, as the afore- 
said majority of vestry may deem proper and expedient, and to no 
other purpose or purposes whatsoever. 

Section VII. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- 
said, That the said minister, church-wardens and vestrymen, and 
their successors, or a majority of them, shall and may convene from 
time to time, to make rules, by-laws and ordi- 
^ '^ * ^ nances, and to transact every thing requisite for 

. ' the good government and support of the said 

church: Provided always, That the said rules, by- 
laws and ordinances be not repugnant to the laws and statutes in 
force within this commonwealth, and that they be consonant to the 
usages and customs of the skid church. 

Section VIII. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- 
said. That the said minister, church-wardens and vestrymen, shall 
Corporation to have full power and authority to make, have 
use one common and use one common seal, with such device or 
seal. devices and inscription, as they shall think proper, 

and the same to change, break, alter and renew at their pleasure. 
Section IX. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- 
said. That the said minister, church wardens and vestrymen, and 
their successors, by the name before mentioned, shall be able and 
capable in law to sue and be sued, plead and be 
^ impleaded, in any court or courts, before any 

Judge or Judges, Justice or Justices, in all and 
all manner of suits, complaints, causes, matters and demands, of 
whatsoever kind, nature or form they be; and all and every other 
matter and thing therein to do, in as full and effectual a manner 
as any other person or persons, bodies politic or corporate, in this 
commonwealth, in the like cases may or can do. 

Section X. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- 
said, That the vestry of the said church shall always consist of 
twenty persons, members of the said church, of which number the 
church wardens are always to be two; and that 
um er o ^j^^ election of such vestry shall be made every 
' * year on Easter Monday, or some day in the same 
week, (of which the said congregation shall have notice,) by a ma- 

202 



Sict tot Jncotpotatms &t paursi Cj^utc]^ 

jority of such members of the said church, as shall appear by the 
vestry books to be contributors to the support and maintenance of 
the said church, having and paying for a pew, or a part of a pew, 
sufficient for one person at the least, and to be of full age, who only 
shall have a right to vote for the vestrymen of the said church. 

Section XI. And be it further enacted hy the authority afore- 
said, That the said vestry so elected shall have full power to elect 
and choose annually and every year, two of their number to be 
church wardens of the said church: Provided 
Vestry to choose always nevertheless, That in case of the death or 
war ens annua y. j-gu^Qy^l of the rector or principal minister of 

_ . the said church, from the death or removal of 

Proviso. . 

such minister, and until another minister shall be 

duly appointed and approved for the said church, agreeably to former 

method and usage, the church wardens for the time being, with the 

consent of the major part of the vestrymen, in vestry met, shall have 

the same powers and authorities relating to the disposition of the 

rents and revenues of the said corporation, as is herein before vested 

in the minister, church-wardens and vestrymen. 

Section XII. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- 
said, That certain " agreements, concessions and constitutions, made, 
concluded and agreed on, by and between the subscribers and con- 
tributors" to the church above named, which 

Certain agree- agreements and constitution bear date on the 

, , , ■ twenty-fourth day of June, in the year of our 

declared to be ^ , -^ ^, ^ t, j j j • . 

£ £ M £ m. Lord one thousand seven hundred and sixty, are 

of full force, &c. „ <, „ „ , . ^ 

and shall be of full force and operation, except 

so far as there is provision otherwise appointed and made special 
by this act, and except the restricting clause relative to the ordina- 
tion of the minister, or assistant minister or ministers, by a bishop 
of the church of England, in Great Britain or Ireland. 

Section XIII. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- 
said. That the clear yearly value of the messuages, houses, lands, 
tenements, rents, annuities, or other hereditaments, and real estate 

of the said corporation, shall not exceed the sum 
imi a ion o ^^ ^^^ thousand pounds lawful money of the state 

of Pennsylvania, exclusive of the monies arising 
from the letting of the pews belonging to the said church, and also 
exclusive of the monies arising from the opening of the ground for 
burials in the church yard, belonging to the said church; which said 
monies shall, as they are now, be received and disposed of by the 

203 



churcli wardens, and vestrymen for the time being, for the purposes 
hereinbefore mentioned and directed. 
Signed by order of the House, 

Frederick A. Muhlenberg, 

Speaker. 

Enacted into a law at Philadelphia, on Tuesday, the twenty-third 
day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven 
hundred and eighty-three, 

Peter Z. Lloyd, 
Clerk of the General Assembly. 

Pennsylvania, ss. 

Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

Harrisburg, December 15th, 1818. 
In testimony that the foregoing is a true and correct copy from 
the original law, remaining on the files of this office, I have here- 
unto set my hand and seal the day and year above written. 

Thomas Sergeant, 
Secretary. 



Pennsylvania, ss. 

In the name and by the authority of the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania, WILLIAM FINDLAY, governor of the said Common- 
wealth, To all to whom these presents shall come, sends greeting: 
Know ye, that Thomas Sergeant, esq. whose name is subscribed to 
the instrument of writing hereunto annexed was at the time of sub- 
scribing the same secretary of the said Commonwealth; duly ap- 
pointed and commissioned : And full faith and credit is and ought to 
be given to his official acts accordingly. 

Given under my hand and the great seal of the state, at Harrisburg, 
this sixteenth day of December in the year of our Lord one thou- 
sand eight hundred and eighteen, and of the Commonwealth the 
forty-second. 

By the Governor. 

Thomas Sergeant, 

Secretary. 



204 



Sict tot Imotpotatins &t ^auVa C|utc|^ 



Corporation for the Year 1818. 



Reverend Joseph Pilmore, D.D. Rector. 

CHURCH WARDENS. 

P. F. Glentworth, 
John Claxton. 

VESTRYMEN. 

Levi Hollingsworth, 
John Matthews, 
Christian Wiltberger, 
Thomas Palmer, 
Richard Johnson, 
John Turner, 
Edward Rowley, 
Arthur Stotesbury, 
Joseph Norman, 
John Phile, 
John Pechin, 
Thomas T. Stiles, 
James King, Junr, 
Cornelius Stevenson, 
John Wharton, 
Richard North, 
Samuel J. Robbins, 
John Toy. 



205 




T r T T T 
Hppenbtr 

1 I 1 [ r 




ABSTRACTS OF TITLE DEEDS FOR ST. PAUL'S 
CHUBOH, 1760-1904 

DEED BOOK H, NO. 9, PAGE 295. October 5, 1758. 

Samuel Rhoads, Hugh Roberts and Jacob Lewis, partition under 
Will of Samuel Powell deed. Pursuant to the direction of his last 
will. 

(1) To Samuel Morris, lot of ground purchased by Joan Forrest 
being in front on Third Street 82 ft. or thereabouts and in depth 
47 ft. 3 in. 

(2) To Anthony Morris and his heirs, A certain Lot of Ground 
situate on the east side of 3rd Street, front 73 ft. depth 195 feet 
more or less. 

(3) To Israel Morris and his heirs, Lot of Ground situate on east 
side of 3d street, front 30 ft. depth 195 ft., more or less. 

(4) To Sarah Morris and her heirs, A Certain Lot of Ground 
situate east side of 3d street 31 ft. depth 195 ft. more or less. 

Recorded December 8, 1758, 

DEED BOOK D, NO. 54, PAGE 363. Dated Sept. 16, 1760. 

Anthony Moms to Thomas Leech, John Ross, John Baynton, 
Walter Goodman, Thomas Campbell, John Ord, John Palmer, Plun- 
ket Fleeson, Ephraim Benham, John Benezet, John KJiowles, An- 
drew Bankson, Andrew Doz and Thomas Charlton. Lot of Ground 
situate east side of 3d street front 23 ft. depth 195 ft. Reserved 
yearly Ground Rent 27 Spanish Pistoles consideration 540 Spanish 
Pistoles. Recorded May 16, 1776. 

DEED BOOK D, NO. 54, PAGE 367. Dated January 16, 1772. 

Anthony Morris to John Ross, John Baynton, Walter Goodman, 
John Ord, John Palmer, Plunket Fleeson, Ephraim Benham, James 
Benezet, John Knowles, Andrew Bankson, Andrew Doz, Thomas 
Charlton, Thomas Leech and Thomas Campbell being dead. He the 

206 



Sih0ttsitt0 of ^itle SDeetiiEf 



said Anthony Morris, his heirs, executors, administrators and as- 
signs do covenant, promise and agree with the said John Ross, 
John Baj'nton, Walter Goodman, John Ord, John Palmer, Plunket 
rieeson, Ephraim Benham, James Benezet, John Knowles, Andrew 
Bankson, Andrew Doz and Thomas Charlton their heirs and assigns 
and every of them by these presents in manner following that is to 
say the sum of 8 pistoles per annum shall forever hereafter abate be 
extinct out of the within Yearly Rent charge of 27 pistoles. 

Recorded May 16, 1776. 

DEED BOOK D, NO. 60, PAGE 415. Dated April 19, 1762. 

Israel Morris to John Ross, John Baynton, Walter Goodman, 
Thomas Campbell, John Knowles, John Ord, John Palmer, Plunket 
Fleeson, Andrew Doz, Andrew Bankson, Ephraim Benham, James 
Benezet, Thomas Charlton and William Shute. Premises situate 
on east side of 3d street the southernmost part of two lots purchased 
by Samuel Powell of Thomas Parsons front 3d street 30 feet depth 
195 ft. more or less. Reserved Ground Rent of 11 Spanish Pistoles 
and 1/9 part of a pistole, consideration 222 Spanish pistoles and 2/9 
part of a pistole. Recorded April 7, 1797. 

DEED BOOK D, NO. 60, PAGE 1121. Dated October 14, 1796. 

John Palmer to Minister Church Wardens and Vestrymen of the 
Episcopal Church of St. Paul. 

Premises situate on east side of 3d street in city of Philadelphia 
front 73 feet depth 105 feet, Subject to ground rent of 19 Spanish 
Pistoles. Recorded April 7, 1797. 

DEED BOOK NO. 62, PAGE 396. Dated December 22, 1796. 

John Palmer, surviving trustee to Minister Church Wardens and 
Vestrymen of Episcopal Church of St. Paul. Premises situate east 
side of 3d street front 30 ft. depth 195 ft. Subject to ground rent of 
11.1/9 Spanish pistoles to Israel Morris. Recorded April 7, 1797. 

DEED BOOK M. R, NO. 8, PAGE 487. Dated February 1, 1797. 

Ministers Church Warden and Vestrymen of the Episcopal Church 
of St. Paul to Israel Morris — securing to Israel Morris the payment 
of ground rent of 11.1/9 Spanish Pistoles on account of the original 
being lost or mislaid so that the same cannot be found. The above 
ground rent made between Israel Morris and John Rose, John Bayn- 

207 



^iiStocg ot &t ^mV0 Cpii^copal C8utc5 



ton, Walter Goodman, Thomas Campbell, John Knowles, John Ord, 
John Palmer, Plunket Fleeson, Andrew Doz, Andrew Bankson, 
Ephraim Benham, James Benezet, Thomas Charlton and William 
Shute. Recorded June 18, 1816. 

DEED BOOK L. C, NO. 9, PAGE 462. Dated April 18, 1810. 
Samuel Morris to the Minister Church Wardens and Vestrymen of 
the Episcopal Church of St. Paul's Extinguished ground rent 19 
Spanish pistoles payable out of lot east side of 3d street, front 73 
feet depth 195 feet. Recorded April 20, 1810. 

DEED BOOK M. R, NO. 8, PAGE 490. Dated April 24, 1816. 

Joseph P. Menniek, Sur. Assignee of Estate of William Buckley 

1st part William Buckley and Sarah his wife. 

2nd part Ministers Church Wardens and Vestrymen of Episcopal 
Church of St. Paul. 

Extinguishment of ground rent 11.1/9 Spanish pistoles. 

Recorded April 18, 1816. 

DEED BOOK J. V, NO. 204, PAGE 519. Dated April 10, 1901. 
The Rectors Church Wardens and Vestrymen of the Episcopal 
Church of St. Paul to the Rector Church Warden and Vestrymen 
of St. Peter's Church. 

(1) Situate on the east side of 3d street between Walnut and 
Spruce Streets (being northernmost parts of two lots purchased by 
Samuel Powell of Thomas Parsons and assigned to Anthony Mor- 
ris) front street 73 feet depth 105 feet. 

(2) Situate east side of 3d street between Walnut and Spruce 
streets (being the southernmost part of 2 lots aforesaid purchased 
by Samuel Powell to Thomas Parsons and assigned to Israel Morris 
front 30 ft. depth 195 feet. Recorded April 10, 1901. 

DEED BOOK W. S. V, NO. 284, PAGE 350. Dated April 16, 

1904. 
The Rector Church Warden and Vestrymen of St. Peter's Church 
to the Trustees of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of 
Pennsylvania. 

(1) All That certain Lot or piece of ground with the Church 
Edifice erected thereon and known as the Episcopal Church of St. 
Paul. Situate east side of 3d street between Walnut and Spruce 
streets front 73 feet depth 195 feet. 

Recorded April 30, 1904. 
208 



SLbHttact^ ot ^itlt SDtt\i& 



This last Deed recites that, the rector, church wardens and vestry 
of St. Peter's Church, desiring to continue the use for religious pur- 
poses of the church building owned by them, known as St. Paul's 
Church, on Third Street, have offered to convey it to the trustees of 
the Diocese, to hold it for the Philadelphia Protestant Episcopal City 
Mission so long as that body shall continue to use it for the purpose 
of such organization and keep and maintain the property and ground 
in proper order and condition, and, in the event of the City Mission 
no longer making such use of it, to hold the same for such other pur- 
poses and objects, with restrictions, as the Bishop and standing 
committee of the Diocese of Pennsylvania may direct. 

The legal title to the lot of St. Paul's Church appears, therefore, 
to be vested, today, in the Trustees of the Protestant Episcopal 
church in the Diocese of Pennsylvania. The assessed value of the 
corporation on the tax-books of the city is $50,000, although as a 
church it is, under the law, exempt from taxation. 



15 209 




T T T T T 

Hppenbfr 
I 1 I 1 1 




THE CHUECH PLATE 

The Sacramental Silver consists of thirteen pieces, described as 
follows : 

Two Chalices. — At a Meeting of the Trustees held 16 March, 1761, 
it was " Ordered that Messrs. Plunket Fleeson and Thomas Charlton 
be a Committee to employ proper persons to make, and with all 
expedition prepare two silver chalices for the use of St. Paul's 
Church." These Chalices are the oldest pieces of Silver belonging to 
the Church. They have a bell shaped body, the stem with moulded 
knop and moulded base, and are inscribed " St. Paul's Church." 

They have no hall mark. 

Dimensions, Height 8 9/16 in. Diameter of mouth 3 15/16 in. and 
of the base 4 9/16 in. 

Two Patens. — One made by John David of Philadelphia, having a 
fluted edge and floriated border, engraved with leaves and birds. It 
has no inscription. Maker's mark " I. D." in a shield with a fleur-de- 
lis, for John David. 

Dimensions, Diameter 10 1/16 in. 

The other, having moulded edge, with three moulded feet. 

Dimensions, Diameter of top 11 in., of base 8 7/8 in., height 1 1/16 
in'. No maker's mark. It is inscribed, " St. Paul's Church, Phila- 
delphia, 1829." 

Two Flagons. — One made by John David, and presented by Mrs. 
Rebecca Doz and her daughter, Mrs. Martha Flower in 1792, and in- 
scribed, " Belonging | to the | Altar ] of St. Paul's Church." Maker's 
mark "David." 

Another made by Christian Wiltberger of Philadelphia, and in- 
scribed, " The Gift | of | Mrs. Ann Cannon | to the | Altar | of | St. 
Paul's Church." Maker's mark " C. Weltberger." These flagons 
have a plain "bellied" body, and moulded base, the thumb piece a 
plain arch with a plain flat shield on handle end. 

Dimensions. Height 9 3/8 in. Diameter of mouth, 4 1/2 in. 
and of the base 4 9/16 in. 

210 




PULPIT AND COMMUNION SILVER, 1916. 



^^t C|utc|^ piatf 



One Baptismal Bowl. — Made by Christian Wiltberger, and in- 
scribed, « The Gift of a Friend to St. Paul's Church, Philad^., Dec'. 
25*'^. 1805." 

A plain oval bowl, the body being divided into eight sections, 
above which a flat band, the edge being go-drooned, the base is octag- 
onal. 

Dimensions, 7 1/2 in. by 6 1/2 in., height 5 1/2 in. 

Maker's mark " C. Wiltberger." Weight 21 oz. 4 dwt. 

When used for Baptism it stands on an octagonal mahogany pedes- 
tal, having a cover with a gilt flame finial, when not in use. 

Two Alms Basins. — Made by Joseph Lower of Philadelphia and 
inscribed, "Belonging | to the | Altar | of | St. Paul's Church | 
Joseph Pilmore, D.D., Rector. | 1820." They have grooved rims 
and curved bases and weigh 19 oz. 19 dwt. 

Dimensions: One 2 7/8 in. high; Base 5 in. by 3 9/16 in.; Top 
9 3/8 in. by 7 5/16 in. The other, 2 13/16 in. high. Base 5 in. by 
3 3/4 in. Top 9 9/16 in. by 7 9/16 in. 

Maker's mark " Lovter." 

One Alms Basin. — Made by R. & W. Wilson of Philadelphia, and 
inscribed, "Communion Table. St. Paul's Church. Richard New- 
ton. Rector. Easter 1848." 

Dimensions 2 7/8 in high. Base 5 in', by 3 3/4 in. Top 9 5/16 
in. by 7 7/16 in. Maker's mark " R. & W. Wilson." 

Pattern same as the two described above. 

Three Alms Basins. — No inscriptions and no maker's marks. 

Dimensions and pattern same as last described. 



211 




Hppenbft 



I I r 




THE CHURCH REGISTERS 

BAPTISMS, MARRIAGES, BURIALS, AND RECORD OF 
INTERMENTS 

I. One Leather bound Book with label on the front cover, "Rec- 
ords of St. Paul's Church from 1760 to 1835." 

The first 38 pages contain minutes of the Vestry from June 24, 
1760, to April 23, 1764, and the remaining entries are of Baptisms, 
Marriages and Burials. 

Baptisms from Nov. 3, 1782, to Nov. 11, 1802 
Oct. 31, 1784, to Oct. 4, 1829 
July 22, 1834, to Jan. 28, 1835 
Marriages from Sept. 14, 1759, to July 25, 1765 
Sept. 8, 1768, to Sept. 20, 1778 
Sept. 29, 1781, to May 1, 1804 
Dec. 20, 1834, to Jan. 15, 1835 
Burials from Jan. 14, 1790, to March 8, 1805 

II. One small paper cover bound book, being the Private Register 
of the Rev. Joseph Pilmore, D.D., Rector, contains: 

Marriages from March 20, 1786, to March 16, 1813 

III. One small paper cover bound book, containing: 
Baptisms from Nov. 8, 1821, to May 25, 1829 
Marriages from Dec. 20, 1821, to April 14, 1829 
Burials from Nov. 15, 1821, to May 16, 1829 

IV. One small black leather bound Book containing: 
Baptisms from June 17, 1829, to June 18, 1865, entered in 

alphabetical order. 
Marriages from July 28, 1829, to April 11, 1865 
Burials from June 11, 1829, to March 25, 1865 

V. A book with cloth binding, leather back and corners, containing : 
Baptisms from March 30, 1866, to May 6, 1888 

Marriages from March 15, 1866, to June 12, 1888 
Burials from March 6, 1866, to Feb. 28, 1888 

212 



^^t C^utcS 33itg;i0Ut0 



VI. A Register of Interments. Leather bound Book, containing 
record of burials in the Church Yard from June 9, 1811, to April 
5, 1851. 

VII. A Register of Interments. Containing record of burials in 
the Church Yard from April 7, 1852, to Oct. 8, 1855, and from Jan. 
1, 1856, to July 7, 1869. 

VIII. One book containing: 

Baptisms from April 6, 1890, to July 11, 1897 
M-arriages from Oct. 15, 1890, to Sept. 21, 1897 
Burials from Apl. 17, 1890, to Feb. 8, 1897 



213 




? T T T T 
HppenMi: 

1 I \ [ r 

IE 




EXCERPTS FROM THE MINUTES OF THE 

PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH, 

PHILADELPHIA 

JOURNAL 1789, PAGE 94. 

Christ Church, Thursday, October 1, 1789. 
" The Meeting in Christ Church being found inconvenient to the 
members in several respects. 

" On motion, Resolved, That the Rev. Dr. "William Smith and the 
Hon. Mr. Secretary Hopkinson, be appointed to wait upon his Ex- 
'Cellency, Thomas Mifflin Esq., the President of the State, and to re- 
quest leave for the Convention to hold their Meeting in some con- 
venient apartment in the State House." 



" The Rev. Dr. William Smith and Hon. Mr, Hopkinson, reported 
that the President of the State had very politely given permission to 
the Convention to hold their meeting at the State House, in the apart- 
ments of the General Assembly, until they shall be wanted for the 
public service. 

" Adjourned to meet at the State House tomorrow morning." 



The Minutes of the following day, Friday, October 2, are headed 
as follows: 

State House, in the City of Philadelphia, 
Friday, October, 2, 1789. 
(It was at this session that Bishop Samuel Seabury subscribed to 
the Constitution and his Deputies took their seats.) 



The following day, Saturday, October 3, the Convention again met 
in a joint session in the State House and thereafter the two Houses 

214 



<£uttpt0 ttom t^e ^in\ite0 



(now being fully organized for separate sessions) met separately in 
the State House until October 10. 

In the Minutes of Saturday, October 10th, in the State House, 
there is a statement — " It having been notified that the public service 
of the State of Pennsylvania would require the use of the State 
House during the present week. Adjourned to meet at Christ 
Church on Monday morning next." 

This undoubtedly meant; required the immediate use, so as to get 
ready the State House for use during the following week. 

On October 12, the Convention met in Christ Church and " it being 
represented that convenient apartments might be had in the College 
of Philadelphia for the Meeting of both Houses of Convention, dur- 
ing the remainder of the present session. 

" Adjourned to meet at the College immediately." 

The formal opening of the House was held that morning in the 
College of Philadelphia and all subsequent Meetings were held In 
that building. 

These excerpts from the Minutes show how the Church, the Na- 
tion and University of Pennsylvania were intimately connected in 
the events of those days when history was made. Bishop Seabury 
evidently declined to meet in Christ Church, hence the State House 
was selected. For an account of his life, election as Bishop, consecra- 
tion, toryism, manner, and ehurchmanship see "History of the 
American Episcopal Church," by Rev. S. D. McConnell, D.C.L. 
(1904) ; pp. 200, 207, 208, 218, 237, 249, 257, 290, 227, 229, 234, 
255, 260, 262, 289, 319. 



215 




T T T T T 
Hppenbfi: 

I 1 I 1 I 




INSCRIPTIONS ON TOMBSTONES AND VAULTS 
IN THE CHURCH AND CHURCHYARD. 

Largely a Reprint from the Publications of The Genealogical 
Society of Pennsylvania, Vol. 2, pp. 303-339. 

Interments in the Church 



Rev^ Joseph Pilmore D.D. /Rector of this Church/ 16 years & 8 
months /Died July 24^^ 1825 /Aged 85 Years 

B 
Rev* Samuel Magaw. D.D. /Rector of this Church/ 23 years/ 
Died Dec' l** 1812/ Aged 77 years 

a 

Sacred /To the Memory of the /Rev. Benjamin Allen /Rector of 
this Church 7 years 4 months /Who departed this life on the 13*^ 
January 1829 / on his passage from Liverpool Eng^ to Philadelphia / 
where he had gone for the restoration of his health /Aged 39 years 
3 months 15 days /By direction of the Vestry. 

D 

Sacred /To the Memory of /John Ross Esq"" / Counsellor at Law 
/who departed this Life /May 5^^ 1776 /Aged 61 Years /And of/ 
Elizabeth his Wife /who departed this Life /October 7'^ 1776/ 
Aged 62 Years / And also of / Catharine Gumey / Daughter of the 
above /John & Elizabeth Ross /who departed this Life /August 
27*'^ 1782 /Aged 34 Years. 

The three inscriptions (A, B, D) are on stones over the graves 
in what is now the basement of the Church, while those of Dr. 
Magaw and Dr. Pilmore, are on what was the floor of the chancel 
before the alterations were made in 1829. The inscription on stone 

216 



££ 

o 

o| 

3: > <c 

^ 5 ^ 
^ -^ £ 

^ '^ -3 
re CQ Lu 

I- -c 

O) LLi ~J 
^ UJ — 

n P= 3: 
-«; I— a. 
a. CO 

CO Oc 

Ok 
a. p z 

CO " 

-12 



m 



^ om EZii 

CUD GZD 

, r^n 



CIO 



nun] I'i' I »- ''f I 

an 









I.-' 1 



on 



OZ3 



cm 

C2D 



QED [=2Z=3 






rm cm 
nuD an 

CZni {-771 

CIO ^ 
E3ZD 



1=2=1 



nzo 






^3 tliO 



C3ID I */ I 



nn 



an 



CIO g 
cm 

C^] CIO 



czn 
izzn r»n 



t=S=3 



CIO 
r~r-| pTi 



CO 



ca czi 



CO CZD 

CZH CZIi r 

dd czu 



cm 



Cp CEd 

c 
r 



cio! 

QD 

C£l3i 

Ci3 

OZ3 

CUD 

!IO 

r^ 
cm 

CO 
CO 
CO 



cm 



cm 

-¥" T- 






cm cm 
r~o no 



CO CO CO 

CO rT~i 

r~?~i 

i=0 CO — 



75,-^ ^0000000000 

I SJ 1— a — I I — LJ 



cu pz] ca [IF] Fig 



1I3D 



CEJ CK] 



Bc 



CHJ 



[n: 



IZL] 



[IE] [lill 



(30 CZD 



cxD czn CO] c^zi 



■BT 



Hn^ctiption^ on Homb^tone^ anb mult^ 

C is a memorial placed by the Vestry. Rev. Benjamin Allen was 
buried at sea. 

On the North Side of the front part of the Churchyard from the 

East 

1 

In /Memory of /Mrs. Mary Rimer /wife of /Thomas Rimer/ 
Who departed this life /June 17^^ 1818 /Aged 73 Years /Also of/ 
M" Elizabeth Row /Wife of /Cap* Edward Row /And Daughter 
of/j^rs Mary Rimer /who departed this life /January 20*^^ 1819/ 
Aged 48 years 

3 

In /Memory of /Ann the daughter of /David &i Catharine / Irv- 
ing/Who departed this Life/Ocf 18*1' x. D. 1793 /Aged 7 Years 
& 4 months /Also of Catharine. Wife of /David Irving /who de- 
parted this life /August 19*'' 179 /Aged 41 years /And of John 
their Son /who departed this life /Aged 19 Years 

3 

In /Memory of /Ann Wife of /Thomas Palmers/who departed 
this life /December 23^ 1811 /Aged 52 years 

4 
In /Memory /of /Samuel Johnston /who departed this Life /on 
the 19 Septem"' 1793 /Aged 33 

5 

In Memory of/Elenor Cathers/who departed / October 4 1800 
/Aged 7 weeks 

6 

^ Hannah Olyphant / Died the 4*^' Febr'y 1782 / Aged 59 Years 
On the West Front of the Churchyard from the North 



1 Thomas Palmer, "gunsmith," by will dated Nov. 7, 1811, proved 
Mar. 9, 1812, made bequests to wife Ann, who as above, pre-deceased 
Mm; to brother Jonathan, and children Asher, William, John and 
Elizabeth Shaw. Of the latter, the United States Gazette of Aug. 10, 
1798, records: "Married last evening by the Eev. Bishop "White, Captain 
Shaw of Baltimore, to the amiable Miss Eliza Palmer, daughter of Mr. 
Thomas Palmer, of this City." 

217 



7 

John Pechin's / Family Vault/ 1826 

Interments in this vault were as follows : 
August 6, 1809, Mr. Pechin's Grandchild. 
March 10, 1841, Mrs. Pechin. 
November 4, 1860, John Pechin. 
July 2, 1891, Almira Pechin. 

8 

Tho* Mitchell's / Family Vault /Here are deposited the remains 
of /Mary Cowell / of Trenton N. J. /who departed this life /March 
15 1831 /also of /Mary Frances / daughter of /Thomas and Maria 
M. Mitchell /who departed this life/ July 29**' 1838 /Aged 30 Years 

Interments in this vault were as follows : 
August 24, 1835, James Mitchell. 
June 18, 1839, Thomas Kittera.^' 
March 25, 1849, Thomas Mitchell. 

9 

Beneath this Stone /lies the Body of /John Wood of this City/ 
Clock & Watchmaker / and upwards of 24 Years /a Warden of S* 
Paul's Church / He departed this Life / October the 9'*' 1793 / Aged 
57 Years /Ann the wife of /Anthony Van Mannierck / Merchant / 
Late M"" J°° Woods widow /Bom the 17**1 ]y[ay 1750 /and died the 
Wtii Feb 1796 /Mrs. Elizabeth LedlieV^ho departed this life Oct. 
29, 1819 / Aged 75 years 

10 

Here /are deposited the Remains /of John Campbell Merch*/ 
Who died in the 69 year of his age /on the 14*1^ day of Nov' 1795/ 
Firm in his religious Prof ession / Honest in his Principle / Diligent 
in Btisiness / Peacable in Demeanour / He left / To each of his 
/ Acquaintance / especially to his fellow worshippers / a lesson / of 
instruction and Hope /Also of /Doctor John Campbell /Son of 
John & Mary Campbell /who departed this life Dec. 9, 1804 /Aged 



2 Son of Hon. Thomas Wilkes Kittera by his wife Ann Moore, b. 
Lancaster Co., Pa., Mar. 21, 1789 ; d. Phila. June 16, 1839. Dept. Atty. 
Gen. Penna., 1817-18; Dept. Atty-Gen. Phila., 1824-1826; M. C, 
1826-27; Mem. Select Council, Phila., and its Pres., 1824-26; Bt. 
Worshipful Grand Master Grand Lodge, A. Y. M. 

3 Elizabeth Ledlie was a daughter of John Wood, and married William 
Ledlie January 12, 1775. (St. Paul's Eegister.) 

218 



ln^ctiption& on ^omb^tone^ anH {?auU0 

25 years & 8 months / Likewise / M" Mary Campbell / wife of John 
Campbell Merch*/who departed this life Jan 12 1813 /Aged 71 
years 

11 
Here lie the Remains of / John Keble / a native of England / who 
departed this life the 29'** / September / in the year of our Lord/ 
1807 / Aged 63 years and 25 days / Let no one move his Bones. 

13 

The Vault /of /Blair M^'Clenachan Esq. 

Interments in this vault were as follows: 
Blair Macclenachan. 
July 12, 1824, [Robert] Child of Mr. H. Toland. 
May 7, 1827, Mrs. Mary Toland. 
October 30, 1831, John Smith. 
February 3, 1836, John Huston. 
October 5, 1837, Mary Macclenachan. 
March 1, 1841, Ann Weston. 
January 26, 1863, Henry Toland.* 
October 26, 1880, George Toland. 
March 7, 1881, Blair M. Toland. 
June 13, 1887, Mary H. Toland. 

On the South Side of the Churchward from the West. 

13 
Stotesbury 

The remains in this vault were removed to Woodland Cemetery 
May 26, 1884 by Edward C. Stotesbury, Esq., and are in his lot. This 



4 Henry Toland, Jr., of the firm of Henry Toland and Son, grocers at 
14 North Third Street, born 1785, son of Henry and Sarah (Barnhill) 
Toland; died as above; married Nov. 27, 1816, Mary Huston, who died 
May 7, 1827, daughter of John Hasell Huston, and grand-daughter 
of Blair McClenachan; was a promdnent Philadelphia merchant, a 
director of the Bank of the United States and member of the Hibernian 
Society of Philadelphia. Four of his seven children are buried in the 
McClenachan vault; the others died unmarried after reaching maturity. 
His brother, Robert Toland, was a founder and one of the directors of 
the Franklin Fire Insurance Company, a director of the Farmers and 
Mechanics Bank, the Pennsylvania Company for Insurance on Lives 
and Granting Annuities, the Girard National Bank, th» Montreal As- 
surance Company, and one of the organizers of the Pennsylvania Eail- 
road. 

219 



^fjsftotp ot &t. paur0 (CpfjScopal €Wtc^ 



lot contains the following: Arthur Stotesbury,^ Mary Stotes- 
bury and William Stotesbury, who, the records show, were buried at 
St. Paul's; Thomas P. Stotesbury, bom April 25, 1843, died Janu- 
ary 8, 1888; Martha P. Stotesbury, bom October 13, 1823, died 
May 30, 1889 ; Helen L. Stotesbury, died September 9, 1874 ; Fannie 
Butcher Stotesbury, died November 7, 1881, aged 31 years; S. 
Louise Stotesbury, born May 24, 1854, died July 4, 1908. 

14 
John Leamy's / Family Vault 
Interments in this vault were as follows: 
August 23, 1823, Mrs. Leamy. 
September 19, 1823, Ann Leamy. 
February 2, 1835, John Leamy. 
December 5, 1839, John Leamy. 
September 5, 1845, Mrs. Elizabeth Leamy. 

15 

"William Cmnmings / Family Vault.^ / Emily A. Cummings/Bom 

January 5. 1805 /Died September 16. 1847 /Mary Irvine Barratt 

/Bom December 12 1832. /Died July 14 1869 /Emily A Cummings 

/ Bora Febraary 12 1840 / Died November 18 1876 / Cora M. Cum- 

6 Arthur Stotesbury was a sea captain residing at No. 401 South 
Front Street in 1817, and at No. 59 Almond Street in 1843. He was 
prominent in St. Paul's for many years as were other members of his 
family. He was a vestryman from 1810 to 1821. Richard G. Stotes- 
bury was also prominent and a vestryman from the year 1840 to 1876. 
In the latter part of his life he resided at Locust Street and Twentieth 
Street, Philadelphia. 

6 Mary Irvine Cummings appears in the records of St. Paul 's. She 
was baptized, confirmed, married by Rev. Dr. Richard Newton and 
buried there. She married James Barratt, Jr., on May 16th, 1855, and 
attended services with her husband, their pew being in the middle aisle 
across from her father's until 1865, when St. Luke's Church being 
nearer to her residence, No. 1304 Pine Street, she and her husband took 
a pew at St. Luke 's. James Barratt, Jr., represented the Seventh Ward 
in Common Council, Philadelphia, 1862-1865; January 12, 1865, com- 
missioner to distribute bounties to volunteers, and distributed over twelve 
million dollars; May 25, 1865, Port Warden; 1867; Vice-President 
Philadelphia Corn Exchange; Member Company D, First Regiment; 
First Lieutenant emergency regiment, called Corn Exchange Guard, in 
September, 1862; member of Phoenix Hose Company; Lodge 51 F. and 
A. M., and the Union League, Philadelphia. He is buried at Barratt 's 
Chapel, Kent County, Delaware. 

220 



In^ttiption^ on ^omh^tont^ anli Wault^ 

mings/Born December 7. 1836 /Died May 14 1882 William 
Cummings/Bom February 6. 1806 Died December 17. 1889 /Mary 
A. Cummings/Bom May 6. 1811 /Died June 8. 1891. Rachel F. 
Alexander Born March 17. 1814 Died Sept 30 1896 

16 
Family Vault of / Edwin Forrest 

William Forrest /Bom 1758 Died 1819 /Rebecca Forrest /Bom 
1763 Died 1847 /also the children of William & Rebecca Forrest 
/Lorman Forrest /Bom 1796 Died in S. America / William For- 
rest/Bom 1800 Died 1834 Henrietta Forrest /Bom 1798 Died 
1863 / Caroline Forrest /Bom 1802 Died 1869/Elenora Forrest/ 
Bom 1808 Died 1871 / Edwin Forrest^ / Bom March 9, 1806 Died 
Dec. 12 1872 

17 

Joseph R. A. SkerrettsV Family Vault / 1833 / Joseph R. A. 
Skerrett / died November 27 1839 in / the 48 year of his age / Eliza- 
beth wife of Charles /M Rivelly/Bom February 3^ 1824 Died/ 
March 1 1855 /Rebecca S. Hood /wife of Francis Hood /Bom 
August 1. A. D. 1827 Died /April 27 A. D. 1867 /Her end was 
peace, and / assurance forever 

The remains of Sarah Morrison were interred in this Vault April 
4, 1876. 

18 
Jacob Earnests / Family Vault 

Interments in this vault were as follows: 
October 24, 1834, Mr. Shinkle's child. 
January 1, 1841, George W. Earnest. 
Febraary 6, 1845, Mrs. Esther Earnest. 
June 28, 1848, Elizabeth Eamest. 
October 26, 1852, Edward Duff. 
April 27, 1855, Julia R. Shinkle. 
July 30, 1859, Eliza D. Earnest. 
February 28, 1866, Sarah Copper. 
October 3, 1868, James Eamest. 
April 20, 1872, Hester Earnest. 

19 

J. Farrs/ Family Vault 
Interments in this vault were as follows: 



7 Edwin Forrest, the great tragedian. 

221 



^mot^ ot fbt. ^aul'jef CpWcojpal C^utcJ 



August 20, 1823, Edward Farr. 
April 6, 1835, Miss E. MeCoskry. 
April 15, 1835, Mr. John Parr's child. 
August 20, 1845, Edward Farr. 
March 4, 1847, John Farr.^ 
March 6, 1865, Mr. Moffett. 

29 
George Feinours / Family Vault / Margaret Feinour/Died Janu- 
ary 5^^ 1833 /Aged 15 years /George Feinour/Died May 25 1831 
Aged 45 years /Ann Feinour/Died June 2 1835 Aged 18 years 
February 2, 1845, William Feinour. 
July 27, 1847, George T. Feinour. 
April, 1855, Mrs. Campion. 
May 10, 1864, Margaret Campion. ") , , „ •, t, ^ 

Catharine Campion |da"ghters of J. B. Campion 

21 
Mark T. Jones /Family Vault. 
Interments in this vault were as follows: 
May 11, 1855, Susannah Jones. 
December 15, 1856, Mark T. Jones. 
August 22, 1859, Mrs. Susannah Conway. 
October 22, 1862, Mrs. Elizabeth E. Marple. 

22 
William Davis /Family Vault. 
Interments in this vault were as follows: 
January 16, 1833, William Davis. 
March 14, 1834, Perry Davis. 
June 24, 1835, Mrs. Davis. 
September 25, 1855, William Davis. 
March 30, 1870, Justinian F. Davis. 

8 ' * The Pastor 's Offering to his Flock. A funeral Discourse, delivered 
in St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia, March 7, 1847, on the occasion of 
the death of John Farr, Esq., Senior Warden of this Church. This 
Memorial of one who was known so long and loved so well, is affec- 
tionately presented as a Pastor's offering to the Members of St. Paul's 
Church by their servant for Jesus ' sake, the Author. ' ' Richard Newton 
(Philadelphia, 1847). Mr. Farr was a teacher in St. Paul's Sunday 
Schools thirty years. Eight of his children were communicants and in 
1860, three were teachers in the Sunday School, as their father had been. 

222 



JniSctiptionief on %omh&tt>nt0 anH l^aulW 



23 

No 2 /Mary Marshall / and / Elizabeth Walker's / Family Vault/ 
Here lies the remains of /Amor Marshall /who died August 1«* 
1816 / and his Daughter / Frances Matilda, who died / NoV 28 1831 

Interments in this vault were as follows: 
April 5, 1853, Mrs. Mary Marshall. 
March 7, 1859, Ann Elizabeth Marshall. 
May, 1859, Joseph Y. Marshall. 

24 
No. 3 /Samuel N. Davies / Family Vault. 
Interments in this vault were as follows: 
April 25, 1855, Mrs. Rebecca Davies. 
July 25, 1855, Samuel N. Davies. 
January 22, 1863, Herbert S. Davies. 
February 10, 1863, Samuel N. Davies. 
June 27, 1868, Elizabeth B. Davies. 
October 21, 1870, Charles Edward Davies. 

25 

Receiving Vault. 

26 

R. F. Lopers / Family Vault. 
Interments in this vault were as follows: 
November 9, 1880, Richard Fanning Loper. 
William F. Loper. 
Emily Weaver Loper. 
Josephine Kirkpatrick Loper. 
September 16, 1868, Elizabeth Spooner McMurtrie. 
June 3, 1869, Mrs. Josephine Spooner Kirkpatrick. 
January 29, 1866, Catherine Mercer Baird Spooner.** 
[ William Kirkpatrick. 

\ August 24, 1864, Marie L. Loper. 

27 

In /memory of /Ann A. Rose /wife of David Rose /who de- 
parted this life /on the 2* day of November 1794 /Aged 35 years 

8a Alvin Mercer Parker and Joseph Brooks Bloodgood Parker, members 
of the Colonial Society, are great grandsons. 

223 



^i0tot}f ot &t ^a\iV0 episcopal C|utc|^ 

/also Mary their daughter /who departed this life /on the 27'ii day 
of August 1790 /in the 37'^'^ year of her age /also Rebecca their 
daughter /who departed this life /on the 8*^^ day of September 
1790 /Aged 10 months /also Samuel their son /who departed this 
life /on the 22"^ day of June 1794 /in the 9^*^ year of his age /also 
Thomas their son /who departed this life /on the lO'^'^ day of Sep- 
tember 1798 /Aged 3 years /also Ann S. Rose wife of /David 
Rose / who departed this life / on the 13'^ day of September 1833 / 
in the 67''* year of her age /and in memory of /David Rose /Who 
departed this life / the 17'i* day of April 1837 

28 

Sacred /To the Memory / of / David Rose /who died Aug 3''^ 
1798 /Aged 68 years / Also / Abigail his wife /who died Septem- 
ber 19*^ 1809 /Aged 79 years /The righteous shall be had in ever- 
lasting remembrance. 

29 

In /Memory of /Samuel Rose /who departed this life /March 
le'** A. D. 1786. /Aged 20 years 

30 
In Memory of /Sarah Dilworth / Who departed this Life /Nov*" 
the 13*" 1790 /Aged 56 years 

31 

Sacred /to the Memory of /Mary A, Snyder /who died March 
24"* 1832 /Aged 67 years /The righteous shall be had in everlast- 
ing/remembrance Ps 112. V, 6. /Their works of Piety and love/ 
Remain before the Lord /Honour on earth and joy above /Shall be 
their sure reward /Also her mother /Ann Cromwell /who died in 
March 1818 /Aged 75 years / Blessed are the dead which die in the 
Lord that they may rest from their labours & their works do follow 
them. Rev 11 v. 5. / Also Mary Ann daughter of / George & Mary 
A Guerin who died / Ocf^ 21^' 1788. Aged 2 years & 2 mos 

32 

Here /lies the body of/ Susannah DeBray bom Auber/Wife of 
Daniel DeBray / Member of the Worshipful Russia Company. In- 
corporated in London / She departed this Life after long suf / f ering 
Patience and meek Resignation / the M*** of March 1786 Aged 34 
Years / Also / To the Memory of James Auber/her brother Mid- 
224 



ln0ctivtion& on f^omb0tont0 anH miiit^ 



shipman who depart / ed this Life on board his Britannick / Majes- 
ty's Ship Isis in the Mozambique / Channel next Madagascar on the 
23'-d/of August 1781 /Aged 19 years 

33 

Sacred /to the memory of /John Matthews /who departed this 
life /the 23'-'i November 1833 /in the 76'"^ year of his age /Mary 
Matthews /his Widow / departed this life /October 2'^'* 1817/ 
Matthew Matthews / their eldest son /departed this life /August 1^* 

1819. 

34 

In /Memory of Sarali/wife of /James Ellis /who departed this 

life/Feby 25 1816 /in the SOti^ year of her age 

35 

George Glentworth M. D./ Departed this Life November l^V 
1792 / Aged 57 years 

Interments in this vault were as follows: 
June 27, 1813, George Glentworth. 
November 2, 1815, Margaret Glentworth. 
June 19, 1818, Mrs. Mackey. 
September 11, 1823, A Glentworth. 
March 15, 1826, Walter Glentworth. 
March 2, 1831, Mrs. George Glentworth. 
January 19, 1833, Plunket Fleeson Glentworth, M.D. 
August 5, 1836, Mr. Glentworth's child. 
February 2, 1848, George P. Glentworth. 
October 24, 1834, Mrs. Harriet Glentworth. 
September 14, 1845, Alfred Glentworth. 
July 30, 1856, Hannah L. Glentworth. 
February 16, 1858, Edward H. Glentworth, M.D. 

1860, Mrs. Glentworth. 
November 5, 1863, John L. Glentworth. 
December 26, 1864, Harvey Glentworth. 
August 20, 1866, George Glentworth. 
July 13, 1867, Theodore Glentworth. 

36 
Rowley's /Family Vault /Edward Rowley /Died the 27^1' of Jan- 
uary A. D. 1820 /in the 63^ year of his age /Anthony Myers Died 
Dec' 27*^^ 1828 /Aged 44 Years / Richard Rowley son of Edward/ 
i6 225 



and Ann Rowley died / Nov. / 9'^^ 1836 / in the IQ^i' year of his age / 
Horatio G. Rowley / departed this life April 18. 1810 /in the 18 
year of his age /Ann wife of /Edward Rowley /who departed this 
Life /Sept 231 1803 /in the 48 year of her age /also 3 of their 
children / Richard died May 28^^ 1787 /Aged 16 months / Ellen 
Ann died Jan^ 18*1* 1797 /Aged 2 months/ John died Oet° —1799/ 
in the 17'*^ year of his age / Edw"* Rowley Jun*" died August 8^^ 1815 
/in the 21^* year of his age /Anthony Myers son of /Anthony & 
Isabella Rowley Myers /Bom Jan — 1815 Died 27 Feb 1817/ 
Isabella Rowley Myers /Relict of Anthony Myers /Born May 4*'' 
1790/DiedAugt 6th 1848 

Interments in this vault were as follows : 
July 16, 1832, Mr. Rowley's child. 
August 26, 1862, Mr. Millett. 
February 17, 1871, Marian Alexandra Livingston. 

37 

In Memory of / Ann wife of / Christian Wiltberger / who de- 
parted this life /May 12*1^ 1813 /Aged 42 years 6 months & 20 
days /also of / Hetty / Second Wife of Christian Wiltberger / who 
died Oct 7^^ 1851 /Aged 79 years & 3 months /also of /Christian 
Wiltberger / who died Oct. 16*'* 1851 /Aged 81 years 11 months & 
6 days 

Interments in this vault were as follows : 

September 24, 1819. Mountford (G'ehild of C. W.). 

April 6, 1824, Christian Wiltberger. 

May 1, 1828, Edward Wiltberger. 

April 13, 1830, Child of William M. Evans. 

May 21, 1830, George Wiltberger. 

May 29, 1831, Elizabeth C. Evans. 

December 26, 1834, Mr. Evans' child. 

March 2, 1843, Mr. Wiltberger's child. 

August 16, 1855, Rev. Christian Wiltberger. 

December 29, 1858, Mrs. Maria S. Wiltberger. < 

38 
In this Vault rest the remains of /Peter Miercken Potter /son of 
Rich* Si Catharine Potter /who departed this life /the 31^* ]V[ay 
1816 Aged 22 years / also / Richard Cheslyn Potter / Father of the 
above born September 27**^ 1759 /died September 29^^^ 1828 Aged 
69 years & 2 days / also / Catharine Miercken/ widow of Rich* C. 

226 



JniaicnptiongJ on ^omb^tont^ anli iPauUsi 



Potter /died in Alabama August 1831 /in the 61^^ year of her age 
/and reinterred / beneath this slab inV February 1853 /"Let her 
memory be blessed " 

39 
In this Vault / lie the remains of Sarah S North wife of / Stephen 
North & daughter of the late / John Bartram M. D. who died Dec'' 
11. 1813 / in the 27 year of her age & their son / Richard who died 
July 17 1810 in his 7*'^ year / also Alfred Augustus son of / Stephen 
& Mary North /who died Dec ll**^ 1821 /Stephen North who de- 
parted this life / Sept. 1^ 1826 in the U'^ year of his age. 

Williams 

Mary North/ of his age/Lydia, 

daughter of John Bartram & Phoebe North/ 

Aug' 18. 1833. / Aged 7 weeks. / Also their son / James Bar- 
tram / who died Feb. 4. 1835 / Aged 6 months / In the City of Wash- 
ington/On the 3^ of October 1851 /Phoebe H. Wife of J. Bartram 
North / Aged 40 Years / 

Beneath this stone / are deposited the remains of / Richard son of 
Richard & Mary North /who died Feb^ 21^' lygg Aged 8 weeks/ 
and Mary Ann daughter of /Richard & Mary North /who died 
March 29'^ 1797 / in the 4^'^ year of her age / also / Catharine Jor- 
dan/who died July 24*'^ 1802 /Aged 48 years /Mary wife of 
Richard North / departed this life DeC 12 1827 /in the 78ti> year 
of her age /Richard North / departed this life June 6^^ 1837 /in 
the 83'"^ year of his age /Phoebe Emma North /Died at Washing- 
ton City April 21 1844 / in the 5^^ year of her age 

Interments in this vault were as follows : 
October 8, 1827, William North. 
May 4, 1839, Dr. Green's child. 
June 25, 1854, William North. 

40 
Here lie inteiTed / Ann Simpson bom 19 October 1787 / died 30'^ 
July 1789 / William Simpson born 8*'^ Jan^ 1796 / died 17 July 1797 
/Eleanor Simpson bom 3^ Ocf 1798 /died 11'^ August 1799/ 
Samuel Simpson bom 17 March 1785 /died 2°* December 1806/ 
Day Simpson bom 2°^ May 1794 / died 5^11 September 1808 / George 
Simpson born 23"-'^ August 1786 /died 8'^ January 1818 / Gustavus 
Simpson born 8^^ Febmary 1792 /died 11'^ April 1822 /George 

©Catharine Miercken Potter interred February 8, 1853 [Church 
Eegisters]. 

227 



Simpson for many years Cashier /of the first Bank United States/ 
Born 12th December 1759 /Died 30^^ November 1822 

Interments in this vault were as follows : 
April 6, 1818, Mrs. Esther Hughes. 
May 11, 1825, Stephen Day Simpson. 
December 1, 1836, Mrs. Simpson. 
March 19, 1841, Eleanor Day Simpson. 
June 28, 1849, George Simpson. 
August 19, 1854, Stephen Simpson. 
March 26, 1856, Mrs. Stephen Simpson. 
March 25, 1868," Henry Simpson. 
September 13, 1869, Julianna Simpson. 
April 22, 1873, Emeline Simpson. 

41 

C[omelius] Stevenson's Family Vault / William Stevenson Sen^ 
/Died May 16*^ A. D. 1817 aged 69 years and 3 months /Ann 
Stevenson his Wife /Died January 3'"'^ A. D. 1805 aged 45 years 
and 5 months /Also their Children / Robert died April 17**^ 1818 
aged 36 years & 5 mos/ William died August 27^^ 1813 aged 26 
years & 7 mos /Peter died September 9'^^ 1795 aged 6 years & 2 
mos /Ann, Wife of Thomas Lake Bom May 31, 1784 /Died Jan'y 

10 Compiler of "The Lives of Eminent Philadelphians now Deceased." 

11 William Stevenson, born February 17, 1748; married Ann, daughter 
tof Lucas Dokoe Groebe, of St. Eustache, Surinam, by his wife, Aletta 
Heylinger, and arrived in Philadelphia May 13, 1784. Their son, Cor- 
nelius Stevenson, born on the Demarara Eiver, British Guiana, February 
20, 1779; died at Philadelphia, April 24, 1860; married Mary, daughter 
of Adam and Catharine (Diehl) May, born December 14, 1786; died 
Philadelphia, January 29, 1860; Member of the Carpenters Company in 
1809, was Major of First Eegiment, Penna. Volunteer Artillery in 
War of 1812; like his father many years vestryman of St. Paul's; City 
Treasurer in 1831; member of State in Schuylkill of which his son 
William Stevenson was Governor; manager of the Protestant Episcopal 
Sunday School Society of Philadelphia in 1831. He became a member 
of Montgomery Lodge F. & A. M., April 5, 1810; charter member of 
Industry Lodge, No. 31, June 22, 1811, of which he was Junior Warden, 
Senior Warden and Master in 1812; Member of Philadelphia Lodge 
No. 72, February 9, 1832; Grand Treasurer, 1832, and Grand Master of 
Pennsylvania, 1843; City Treasurer of Philadelphia, 1830-1850; one of 
the founders and Senior Warden of St. Andrew's Church. His great 
grandson, Stevenson Hockley Walsh, Esq., is a councillor of the Colonial 
Society of Pennsylvania. 

228 




1779-CORNELIUS STEVENSON-1860 



:tn0ctiption0 on Tlomb^tone^ anb i^avilt^ 

2, 1873 / Margaretta Daughter of William Stevenson Sr. /Bom 
July 1. 1796. Died December 3, 1876. 

Interments in this vault were as follows : 
November 22, 1820, Ann Stevenson. 
August 8, 1823, Eloise Salaignac. 
June 2, 1825, Caroline Lake. 

The following inscriptions are in the rear of the church beginning 
from the North. 

A-1 

This stone /was Erected by /Elizabeth Manning / consort of R. 
H. Manning /of the County of Wicklow / Ireland / [son of]/ 
Robert H. Manning /who departed this life /March 11^^ 1830/ 
Aged 41 Years /Also his children / Grizelda died Aug 12 1827/ 
Aged 1 year 8 months & 24 days / Robinina Hayes January 1827 / 
aged 2 years / Robert Hayes August 1827 / [aged] 8 months 

12 days 

A-2 

In / Memory / of / William H. Hayward/Who departed this life 
/May 18*1^ 1825 /Aged 27 years 

Mourn not for me Eliza dear 
I am not dead but sleeping here 
And as I am so must you be 
Prepare yourself to follow me 

A-3 

In /Memory of /Matthew Spillard/who departed this life/ 
March llt'^ 1804 /Aged 49 Years / also / of Mary wife of /Mat- 
thew Spillard/who departed this life /April 4*1* 1801 Aged 53 
Years 

A-4 

In Memory of /James Alexander & Mary Ann /The Twin Chil- 
dren of /Mat. & Mary Spillard/who died July the lO^i^ 1789/ 
Aged 10 Weeks. / Beneath this sod harmless Babes repose/ 

releas'd / / /Also Maria 

Spillard/who died June 20**' 1791 /aged 6 months /and Elizabeth 
who died /Aug* 9^^ 1791 Aged 4 Years 

A-5 

In / memory / of / John Sperry/who departed this life /Decem- 
ber llti' 1822 / aged 17 Years. 

229 



^i0totil ot &t paurjEi episcopal C|^utc|^ 

A-6, Altar Tomb 
Beneath this stone are buried /the remains of Andrew Brown 
late of /the city of Philadelphia Printer /Aged 52 years /and 
Elizabeth his Wife aged years / and of Mary. George & Elizabeth, 
their children /A fire which broke out in their / dwelling house on 
the 27*1^ of Jan^ 1797 / destroyed them all, the mother and the/ 
children perished in the flames, the father languished a few days 
and followed after 

A-7 
Here lie the remains of Parry Hall /Obit. October 30 1793/ 
aged 38 years 

His faith and patience love and zeal 

Do make his memory dear 
And Lord do thou the prayers fulfil 
He offered for us here 

also/M" Mary HalP^ wife of the Eev^ Rich^ D, Hall /Nat May 
7. 1786. ob. Feb. 5. 1817 / Also / Parry Pilmore Hall their son/ 
nat Oct 17. 1816. ob. Dec 27 1821 /Rev Richard Drayson Hall/ 
Bom 1 May 1789 Died 28 July 1873. 

AS 
In memory of /Margaret James bom Feb^ 22"* 1793 / departed 
this life July 15*1* 1794 /Mary McGlathery bom Nov 13. 1797 /de- 
parted this life Oct 24 1798 /Richard bom Feb 26. 1796 /lost at 
sea Sept 12 1816 /Thomas bora July 27. 1799 / departed this life 
Sept 12. 1820 /James bom Aug 28 1794 / departed this life March 
31. 1828 / Ferguson bom Sept 16 1801 / departed this life July 24 
1834 /Children of Richard & Mary Robinett / Also / Mary wife of 
/ Richard Robinett bom Sept 2 1770 / departed this life July 4 1834 
/Richard Robinett / departed this life /on the 1^^ of July A. D. 
1835 /in the 64^^ year of his age /Robert W. C. Robinett /son of 
Richard Robinett / died April 8^^ 1836 /in the 30ti» year of his age 

A-9, Altar Tomb 

Beneath /this stone are Entombed the Remains / of / Elizabeth 

Ryerson / daughter of Thomas and Mary Ryerson/who died the 

6^^ day of March A. D. 1818 /In the 18ti» year of her age /the 

flower f adeth for the wind passeth / over it and it is gone / Also / of 



izEichard Drayson Hall m. Mary Douglass, April 5, 1818. St. Paul's 
Registers. 

230 




1765-NORRIS STANLEY-1851 



FROM FRENCH MINIATURE IN POSSESSION OF 
NORRIS S. BARRATT. 



Infittivtion^ on 7lomb0tont0 anti f^ault^ 

/Thomas Ryerson/who died the 2°'^ day of Oct"'' A. D. 1835 /In 
the 82°'* year of his age /Also of /Mary Ryerson/wife of Thomas 
Ryerson/who died the 23'-'i day of Dec"- A. D. 1846 /in the TS'J* 
year of her age 

A-10, Altar Tomb 
The Memory of the just is blessed Psa X 7 / Sarah, the daugh- 
ter of /Joseph & Elizabeth Turner / departed this life May 21^* 
1798 Aged 19 years /And Elizabeth the wife of /the Rev Joseph 
Turner/ June 17ti» i818 Aged 73 years /The righteous shall be had 
in everlasting / remembrance Psal exii, 6. /Also to the Memory of 
/Joseph M. Turner who died at Alabama /on the 5^^ of September 
1818 /in the 31^* year of his age /Also to the memory of the /Rev 
Joseph Turner a Native of Devonshire England / some time Rector 
of S' Martins Marcus Hook and Assistant / to the Rector of the 
Sweedish Churches in the State / on the 26'^ day of July A. D. 1821 
/he ceased from his labours and entered into rest /in the 79'^ year 
of his age /They that turn many to righteousness / shall shine as 
the stars for /ever and ever Dan xii. 3 /also to the memory of 
Eliza daughter of /Joseph & Elizabeth Turner /Bom February IS*** 
1775 / Died March 3''^ 1868 / Also to the Memory of Esther daugh- 
ter of /Joseph & Elizabeth Turner /Bom Nov 18^^ 1781 /Died 
March 13'^ 1868 

A-11, Altar Tomb 
Sacred /to the memory of /Mary /Wife of Norris Stanley /who 
departed this life / on the 26*^^ of November 1823 / in the 48^^ year 
of her Age / also / in memory of / Rolanda S. Swain / who died in' 
the Havana /on the 6*" of May 1824 /in the 22^ year of his Age/ 
And /to the memory of/Norris^^ Stanley /Bom November 10*^ 
1765 /Died May 8^^ 1851 /in the 86ti» year of his age /Blessed are 
the dead who die in the Lord 



13 Norris Stanley was in early life a master mariner and commanded 
ships sailing to foreign ports. Later he became a ship owner and mer- 
chant, and an associate of Stephen Girard, William Cummings, Com- 
modores Bainbridge and Barry, Mayor Wharton and Captain Thomas 
Hayes of John Moss's ship "Tontine" and many other well-known 
Philadelphians. In 1810 he was an Inspector of the Philadelphia County 
Prisons. He took a deep interest in Masonry, was Warden of Lodge 
No. 2, in 1809, and Senior Master of Ceremonies in 1816. During his 
lifetime he gave his wealth to the poor and distressed, especially Masons, 
and by his will, of which WUliam Cummings and Horace Binney, Jr., 
were executors, he remembered in a substantial way many of the 
charities of St. Paul 's, of which he was sometime a vestryman, q. v. 

231 



A-12 
In memory of /M""^ Margaret Leech/ (relict of Capf^ Tho^ Leech) 
/who died DeC ISt'^ A. D. 1822 aged 80. / years / Endued with an 
excellent understanding — was / Generous, Benevolent & Charitable; 
In all the /Domestic & Social relations, as a Wife. Mother /Friend 
& Neighbor. Her conduct was exempla/ry; with Fortitude & 
Pious resignation she bore /many & Severe afflictions; Her rela- 
tives humbly / trust, she now stands near the Throne of God, / 
among those who came out of great tribulation, / & have washed 
their robes & made them white /in the blood of the Lamb /Also of 
/ Charlotte Leech daughter of / Tho^ & Margaret Leech / who died 
May 31 A. D. 1792 aged / 20 years 

Youth, Innocence & Beauty join'd 

With Elegance & Taste refined 

Lo! Here in humble ruin lies 

Till the last Trumpets voice shall make 

Heaven Earth & Hells foundation shake 

Then in Immortal Beauty rise. 

A-13 

In /memory of /Miss Mary Ann C. A. Allen /the second daugh- 
ter of the /Rev Benjamin Allen / formerly Rector /of this Church/ 
She died Oef 30^1^ 1841 /in the 21^^ year of her age /Mary hath 
chosen that /good part which shall not /be taken away from her/ 
42 v/Also in memory of the /Third Brother of Mary /Benjamin 
Allen / He died Jan^ 31^* 1852 / in the 30^^^ year of bis age 

A-14 
In memory of /Emmanuel Josiah/who departed this Life/ June 
4th 1779 /Aged 84 Years / also / Ann his wife / Departed this life 
/May 28**' 1767 /Aged 47 Years 

A-15 
A stone with no inscription. 

A-16, Altar Tomb 
Sacred /to the memory of /Richard Renshaw/who died /No- 
vember 27"» 1835 /Aged 63 years / also / Mary Erwin his Widow 
/who died / September 25^11 1838/ Aged 58 years /Also their daugh- 
ter/Alice Johnston Neill/who died /July 29*1^ 1856 /Aged 37 

232 



In0ctiption& on ^omb^tone^ anti Pault^ 

years / also / Richard Renshaw/who died July 5^^ 1865 /Aged 56 
years 

A-17 
Here lie /The Bodies of /Richard Renshaw/who died Oct 20 
1806 / Aged 1 month & 9 days / and / Mary J. Renshaw / who died 
Feb 11. 1807 Aged / 4 years 4 months & 9 days / children of / Rich- 
ard & Mary E. Renshaw 

A-18, Altar Tomb 
Sacred to the Memory of /Richard Renshaw/who died the IS''' 
of March 1799 /Aged 89 years / Also / His children / Charles who 
died the lO'** of Dec/ 1775 Aged 5 months /and William who died 
the 9ti» of Sept/ 1782 Aged 2 months & 20 Days / also / His Grand- 
children/Mary Ann R«nshaw/who died the 21^* of Aug 1798./ 
Aged 3 years and 9 days /and Edward Renshaw Thomson /who 
died the IS'^i of May 1799 / Aged 1 year and 9 months / also / Ann 
his Wife /who died the 21«t of August 1822 /aged 75 Years 3 
months and 24 Days 

Believe in Christ, his sacred Laws obey 
And Live in Hope of an Eternal Day. 

A-19 

E E[?] Thomson / In / Memory of /Ann R Thomson / daughter 
of / / who died / July 1805 [ ?] / Aged years 

B-1 

In Memory of /John the Son of /John & Sarah Johnston /who 
died Feby 2^ 1788 / Aged 12 Weeks 

B-2 

In /memory of /Eleanor daughter of /John and Sarah John- 
ston/who departed this life /May lO*'' 1805 /aged 22 years 

B-3 

In /Memory of /Catharine Daughter of /John & Sarah Johnston 
/ who departed this life / May 4^'' 1801 / Aged 16 years 

Go fair example of untainted youth 
Of modest wisdom and pacific truth 
Great without pride humble yet not mean 
Quiet in affliction and in death serene. 
233 



a 

In /memory of /Robert C. Seaborn /who departed this life/ 
March IV^ 180 /Aged 43 years /also of / Elizabeth. Wife of/ 
Peter Freburger / and daughter of /Rob* C. Seaborn /who de- 
parted this life/Novf 22°^ 1825 /in the 26t>> year of her age /also 
EUzabeth Wife /of Robert C. Seaborn /Who died Sepf 6^^ 1830/ 
in the 85*^^ year of her age 

B-5 

In /Memory of /John Moffet/who departed this Life /Novem- 
ber /in the Year of our Lord/ 1798 /in the Sixty year /of his 
age /Also of /Rachel Moffet/who was bom April m^ 1802 /and 
died June the 25ti» 1803 

B-6 

In /Memory of /Sarah Moffet/who departed this Life /June 
the 27'»> 1802 /in the 67*"^ year of her age /Also of/ John Martin 
Moffet/was bom October the 26*^ 1808 /and departed this life/ 
May the 8''» 1809 / aged 6 months and 18 days 

B-7 

In Memory/ of /M" Sarah Currie/Wife of/Docf William 
Currie / & Daughter of / John Morton Esq. / who departed this Life 
/ Ocf 25*'^ A. D. 1794. Though here in dust her Relicks lie / Her 
Spirit shall flourish in immortal life.^* 

B-8 

A flat stone with no inscription. 

B-9 

A flat stone, showing marks for pedestals for an altar tomb. The 
Church Records indicate this spot as the burial place of Peter le 
Barbier du Plessis.^** 



14 Doctor Currie, a well-known and highly esteemed physician, who 
rendered most efficient service during an epidemic of yellow fever, was 
the eldest son of Eev. Dr. William Currie, Missionary of the Eadnor 
Parish, which included Old St. David's, Radnor, St. Peter's, Great 
Valley, and St. James, Perkiomen. William Currie Wilson, Esq., a 
member of this family and Assistant City Solicitor of Philadelphia, is 
also a member of the Colonial Society of Pennsylvania. C. Howard 
Colket, Esq., Registrar of the Colonial Society, is likewise a descendant 
of the Rev. William Currie, D.D. 

na Peter le Barbier Du Plessis was a conveyancer, scrivener, notary 
public, and sworn interpreter of foreign languages, and in 1791 he 

234 



in0ctipUon0 on Tlomb^tontfi anti mult^ 

B-IO 

To the Memory of / William Macpherson / formerly Brigadier 
General in the / service of the United States /who departed this life 
/ November 5. 1813 Aged 58 years 

I am the Eessurection and the Life saith the Lord 
He that believeth in me though he were dead yet 
Shall he live, and whosoever liveth and believeth 
on me shall never die. 

B-U 

Caused to be Erected by the Widow /Cap* John Macpherson / to 
whose Memory and / that of their Daughter / Eliza Gates this Tomb 
/John Macpherson /a Native of Scotland / born in /the City of 
Edinburgh / in the Year of our Lord 1726 / departed this life 

Sep'" 6*^^ 1792 /aged 66 years Eliza Gates Mac- 

pherson /Bom August 21^' 1782 /Died Sep"" 1787 /Aged 5 

Years & 1 Month. 

B-12 

Sacred / to the memory of / Richard Alexander / Bom 1780 Died 
1823 /Ann C. Alexander / Born 1779 Died 1858 

B-13 

In /Memory of /Richard C Alexander / Son of /Richard & Ann 
Alexander /Born Febmary 22"* 1809 /Died March U^^ 1809/ 



resided at No. 86 Chestnut Street, which is the site of the present Jayne 
Building on the south side, below Third Street. He was a native of 
France, and came to Philadelphia after the American Eevolution. He 
took quite an interest in St. Paul's Church, and also in Freemasonry 
from 1790 vmtil his death in 1815. In the latter he was Grand Secretary 
from 1790 to 1794, and Deputy Grand Master from 1808 to 1813. He 
was admitted to Montgomery Lodge, No, 19, of Philadelphia, on Jan- 
uary 13, 1787, and was Worshipful Master in June, 1790. He joined 
Harmony Lodge, No. 52, December 28, 1791, from which he withdrew on 
Jime 9, 1792, and became Warrant Master of a new French Lodge in 
Philadelphia, St. Louis, No. 53, formed by French Emigr&s. On June 7, 
1806, he became a member of Columbia Lodge, No. 91, of which he re- 
mained a member untU his death on November 8, 1815. In his wUl he 
mentioned a son George, daughter Helena and daughter Sophia, wife of 
John DuBarry, his son-in-law, from whose house, No. 11 North 8th 
Street, he was buried in St. Paul 's Churchyard with Masonic ceremonies. 

235 



Christiana /Alexander /Bom 1866 Died 1859 /Richard J. Alexan- 
der / Bom 1846. Died 1878 

B-14 
In memory of /Edward Young /Who Died / November 20 1787/ 
Aged 33 Years 

B-15 
JOHN" B. YOUNG /son of /Charles and Laetitia / died Sepf 28. 
1784 /Aged 20 Months. 

B-16 
In Memory of / M" Ann Young. Wife of / Charles Young of this 
City /She died November 7^1^ 1776 /Aged 27 Years /An affectionate 
Wife /A tender Parent and /sincere Friend 

B-17 
Here Lie / the Bodies of / Ann Renshaw / who died April 30, 1809 / 
Aged 4 years 6 months /and 9 days / And / Francis J. Renshaw/ 
died Nov. 23. 1811 /Aged 7 years 10 months /& 18 days. Children 
of Richard & Mary E. Renshaw 

B-18 
In Memory / of / John Young /who departed this Life /June 26 
1790 /Aged 76 Years 

His Comfort was the precious plea 
Jesus has liv'd and died for me. 

B-19, Altar Tomb 
In Memory of/M"^ Deborah Palmer /wife of /John Palmer/ 
Who died July 8 1783 /Aged 64 Years / also / John Pahner/Who 
died /April 8^^ 1797 /Aged 80 years /John Palmer /Son of John 
& Deborah Palmer /who departed this Life /March 27 /also/ 

Alice M. Palmer /wife of John R Palmer /who departed this life/ 
January 19. 1838 /Aged 72 years 3 months & 11 days /Also in 
Memory of / Josiah W. Kirk who departed this life / on the 1^* day 
of May 1850 in the 52°^ year of his age 

B-20 
Sacred /to the memory of /John Palmer Kirk /Son of /Eli and 
Elizabeth M. Kirk /who died April ll*'* 1833 /Aged 3 years and 1 
month 

2*36 



In0ctiption0 on 7lomb0tont0 anti PauItiEt 

B-21 

In /memory of /Francis Procter Sen'' /who departed this life/ 
March 12 1792 aged 87 years /Gen^ Thomas Procter /departed this 
life /March 16. 1807 Aged 67 years / Also / Anna Maria wife of/ 
Tho^ Procter / departed this life / June 1^* 1789 aged years / Rob- 
ert Charlton / departed this life / Jan^ 31^*^ 1787 aged 36 years 

B-22, Altar Tomb 
Sacred /to the Memory of /Isaac Fitzrandolph / who departed 
this Life October 14*1^ A. D. 1804 /In the Fifty seventh year of his 
age 

The voice from Heaven declares 

To those in Christ who die 
Eeleas'd from all their Earthly cares 
They reign with him on high 

B-23 
In Memory of /William P. Johnston / died March 6"^^ 1816 /in 
the 79'^ year of his age 

C-1 
In Memory of /Hester Wife of/Eman^ Rinedollar / who de- 
parted this life/Nov"^ 25'*^ 1799 /in the ^0^^ Year /of her age 

C-2 

Sacred /to the memory of /Joseph Beaks /who departed this 
life /April 6'^ 1772 Aged 46 years /also Jane his wife /who de- 
parted this life /October 2^ 1777 Aged 41 years / Also / Captain 
Joseph Beaks /who died at Sea July 1795 /aged 80 years & 3 
months / also Elizabeth his daughter / who died at sea with her 
father /Aged 6 years /Also Sarah Beaks who departed / this life 
September 24^^ 1795 / Aged 30 years / also 

C-3 

Sacred / to / the memory of /Jane Beaks /who departed this life 
/October 16*1^ 1837 /Aged 14 years / also / Elizabeth / Widow of 
the late Cap* Lewis Mory/who departed this Life /October 12*^^ 
1847 /Aged 79 years 

C^ 
Here /Lies the Body of /Mary Murdick / Daughter of /John 
& Hannah Murdick/ Who departed this Life/ July 17"^ 1787 /Aged 
1 Year and 10 Months 

237 



^i^tot^ of &t paurjS (episcopal C|utc| 

C-5 

In /Memory of /Ann Daughter of William / and Mary Ander- 
son/who departed this Lite/ 15^^ Jan'^' 1790 /Aged 12 Years & 
17 Days /Much esteemed when living for /her amiable vertiues 
by all who / had the pleasure of an acquaintance / with her. 

C-6 

In Memory of / Elizabeth / the wife of /James Ferguson / Who 
departed this Life /August ll'^'^ 1797 /Aged 47 years / Also / Eliza- 
beth / daughter of E & A / Grand daughter of J & E. Ferguson 
/who departed this life Feb. 6*'^ 1845 /Aged 2 years 6 months /& 
15 days 

C-7 

Sacred /to the memory of /Margaret Laskey / daughter of /Ed- 
ward and Catharine / Laskey / who was born April 24**^ 1783 /and 
departed this Life /January 11*^^ 1809 /Aged 25 years 8 months & 
25 days 

C-8 

In Memory of / Edward Laskey / who departed this Life / May 
6^^ 1800 /Aged 52 years 8 months /and 21 Days 

No pomp ■ nor grandeur swell 'd/his humble name 
The honest Man will reap/immortal fame 

Also / Catharine Laskey / Who departed this Life / December the 
27t'i 1810 /Aged 59 Years 10 Months /and 3 Days 

C-9 
Sacred / to the memory of / Catharine Boyd / wife of / Jamies 
Boyd /who departed this Life / February 8 1808 /aged 32 years & 
2 months / and 8 days 

C-10 
In Memory of / Mary the Wife of / Richard Hunt / who departed 
this Life / May 1^* 1793 / Aged 34 Years 

C-11 
Here lie the remains of /Jane Wife of /Edward Moyston/of 
this City /Who departed this Life /on the 23-^ of March A. D. 1791 
/Aged 34 Years / likewise their two children 

C-12 
In Memory of /Mary, Daughter of /John & Margaret / Webb, 
Departed / this Life June 17th / 1774 / Aged 5 Years & 1 Mo./ 
Transitory World / Farewell, Jesus calls /With Him to Dwell. 

238 



In0ctiption0 on ^omb^tone^ anb l^auUjsf 

C-13 

In Memory of /Abraham George Copper /who died March 20^'' 
/ 1790 /Aged 14 Years & 6 Months /Son of Norris & Elizabeth 
Copper /Cap* Norris Copper /was lost at Sea /in January 1778/ 
Aged 50 Years. 

C-14 

Beneath this Stone /Repose the remains / of / Cap* John Dona- 
ven / who departed this life / on the 16'"'' day of / December 1814 / 
in the SS*"^ year of his age /in the same grave are deposited /the 
remains of his daughter Mary /who followed her Father /the 17*^ 
day of March 1815 / aged 5 months and 17 days / Near to this spot / 
lie buried the remains of/M""^ Elizabeth Barger / sister to Cap* 
Donaven who died on the IS"* July 1796 / Aged 18 years. 

C-15 
A flat stone, inscription of which is entirely obliterated. This is 
the place of interment of Plunket Fleeson, who died August 21, 1791. 
He was born in Philadelphia in 1712, was Ensign of Second Com- 
pany o^ Associators in 1749, and a Founder of the Hibemia Engine 
Company in 1752. A justice of the City Court, 1780, and a Direc- 
tor of the Pennsylvania Hospital. 

C-16 

In Memory of /Matthias Sadler /who departed this Life the 18*'" 
of /April 1798 /Aged 42 Years 9 Months & 14 days /Also of/ 
Eleanor Wife of /Matthias Sadler /who departed this life /April 
24th 1826 aged 74 years /I know in whom I have believed / Also of 
/Elizabeth Tallman^sa / Born A. D. 1777 /Died A. D. 1861 /Aged 
84 years 

C-17, Altar Tomb 

In memory of /George HeyP^/who departed this life /on the 
25*^ January 1815 /aged 75 years /Also of/Dorathea Wife of/ 



15a The great aunt of Mrs. Arthur H. Lea, of Philadelphia. 

15 George Heyl, son of George Thomas Heyl, who, born August 2, 
1702, married April 27, 1728, Susanna Sternheim, and shortly thereafter 
came from Baden, Germany, and settled in Philadelphia, where he died, 
October 31, 1760. His sons, Philip and George, were Eevolutionary 
soldiers from Philadelphia. The latter, born 1740, executed his will 
June 10, 1812, and named therein, wife Dorothea, children George, Wil- 
liam, Mary Clapier, Elizabeth Johnson and Susanna Harman. He 
married Dorothea Phile, and with her was party to deed of January 20. 
1787, from Dr. Frederick Phile and Elizabeth, his wife, of Philadelphia, 

239 



George Heyl/Who departed this life /on the 30^^ September/ 
Aged 74 years 

C-18 
Sacred /to the memory of /Susannah Harman / Consort of/ 
Jacob Harman / who departed this Life August / 23'"'i 1844 Aged 49 
years/ 11 months and 16 days / Also / Jacob Harman Sen'"/who 
departed this life / Dec'" IS^i* 1857 / in the 94*1* year of his age 

C-19 
Sacred /to the memory of /Frances Sophia / Daughter of /Rich- 
ard and Elizabeth Johnson /Died May 25**1 1805 /aged 8 months 
and 24 days / Also / Frederick Seeger/son of /Richard and Eliza- 
beth Johnson /Died July 8^^ 1808 /aged 11 days / Also / Richard 
Johnson /Died August 2<i / 1816 / Aged 75 years and 9 months/ 
Also /Elizabeth /Wife of /Richard Johnson /Died August 22^ 
1843 / aged 79 years 4 months / and 12 days 

C-20 

Sacred /to the memory of /Mary Vanderhalt / who departed this 
life / December 7'*^ 1847 / in the 84 year of her age 

C-21, Small Altar Tomb 
In Memory / of / Margaret Butler /who departed this Life/ June 
1764 /Aged years /Also her friend /Ann Cannon^^/Who 

died Sept 20 1809 Aged 85 years 

C-22 
In Memory of /Robert Son of /Rob* & Elizabeth Carson /who 
departed this Life /June 2^ 1796 /in the 22^ Year /of his age/ 
Transitory world /Jesus Call'd with him to dwell / Also / Elizabeth 
yeaton Carson / his Mother / who died May 1. 1816. / Bom Sept 17. 
1739. 

D-1 
In /memory of /Benjamin Robbins/who departed this life /Jan 
31^* 1834 /In the ^5^^ year of /his age / Also / Ruth Daughter of/ 



for three hundred and eighty-four acres of land, called " Philesburg," 
on East Allegheny Elver, in Westmoreland County, Penna. George 
Heyl was a well-known merchant of his day ; Dr. Phile was Naval Officer 
at the Port of Philadelphia 1777-1791 and a distinguished surgeon in 
the Revolution, George A. Heyl, Esq., long a member of the Colonial 
Society, is a great grandson. 

icMrs. Ann Cannon was a benefactor of St. Paul's Church, having 
presented one of the two silver flagons to the Church marked ' ' The Gift 
of Mrs. Ann Cannon to the Altar of St. Paul's Church." 

240 



In0ctivtion^ on 7lomb^tont0 anti l^anlt^ 

Benjamin & Susan Robbins/Who died Sept le'i* 1822 /Aged 8 
months and 2 days 

D-2 



Q 



Sacred to the memory of /John Robbins/who died February 24. 
1808 / aged 59 years 9 months & 12 days / Elizabeth / Wife of John 
Robbins/who died February 17 1819 /aged 66 years 1 month & 7 
days / Catharine / Daughter of /John & Elizabeth Robbins/who 
died October 13. 1798 /aged 19 years 2 months & 26 days /John/ 
Son of /John & Elizabeth Robbins/who died July 24 1842 /aged 
70 years 1 month & 28 days 

D-3 

In /memory of /The Son and Daughter /of John & Elizabeth/ 
Robbins / Alexander Departed / this Life 1778 /Aged 10 

Months & 2 Weeks/ Day /Susannah Departed / this Life Oct 
1783 

D^ 



Q 



Elizabeth Robbins /Died Sep'" 30^11 1850 /in the 76*^ year of her 
age 

D-5 

Sacred /to the memory of /Enoch Wheaton/who departed this 
life/Sep"- 9'^ 1825 aged 48 /years 11 months & 18 days 

Dear mourn not for me 

We soon shall again united be. 

D-6 

Sacred / to the memory of / Martha Read / wife of / Francis Read / 
who died Sep®"" 22"^ 1840 /aged 83 years and two /months 

My flesh shall slumber in / the ground 
Till the last trumpets joy / ful sound 
Then burst my bonds wi / th sweet surprise 
And in my Saviour 's image / rise 

Also /Francis Read /husband of Martha Read / departed this 
life /August 16*'^ 1848 /aged 93 years 
17 241 



D-7 

In /Memory of /Mary Stuart / Daughter of /John & Martha 
Stuart /who departed this Life /August 30^^ 1799 /Aged 16 Years 
11 Months /& 7 Days 

D-8 
In Memory of /John Clark / who departed this Life / 29 June 1792 
/Aged 28 Years. 

D-9 
In Memory of / Mary Ann daughter of / George & Martha Hall / 
who departed this Life / February 16'i» 1802 / aged 1 Year / 1 Month 
& 24 days 

Fresh in the morn the summer's rose 
Hangs wither 'd e'er t'is noon 
We scarce enjoy the balmy gift 
But mourn the pleasures gone 

D-10 

In /memory of Elizabeth M^Kay/wife of Thomas M'^Kay/who 
departed this life /August 17^^^ 1826 /aged 65 years and 9 days/ 
Also in memory of / Thomas & Elizabeth / Son & Daughter of / 
Thomas and Elizabeth M'=Kay/Tho« departed this life/Dec'" 7*-^ 
1813 /aged 17 years and 10 months /And Elizabeth June 29^^ 1802 
/aged 4 years 1 month and 1 day /Also Thomas M^'Kay Sen'"/who 
departed this life / June 4'^i» 1850 / in the 70''' year of his age 

D-11 

In /Memory of /Ann Doughty / Daughter of James &/ Margaret 
Doughty /was Bom June 23'"'^ 1782 /and departed this Life /Sept 
22°d 1786 /Aged 4 Years & 3 Months 

D-12 

In Memory of /M""^ Mary Biggs /Relict of/M"" Ephraim Biggs 
Dec^ / formerly a Merchant /of this city /who departed this Life/ 
the 22'^ Day of Oct' 1794 /in the 73 year of her Age 

D-13 
Sacred / to the memory / of / Susannah Goodwin / Wife of John 
Goodwin /who departed this Life /April SO*'* 1806 /aged 40 years 
& 10 months 

242 



:in^ctiption0 on TLomh^tontiS anti multfi 

D-14 

Here lieth the /of /Richard Neave*^/ /London/ 

Merchant / who / Departed this Life /in /the /1795 

Aged 84 Years / Richard^s [Neave] / [four lines illegible] 

18 R. N. died Feb'' 23, 1809. 

D-15 

James Norris Copper /Died March 19*i» 1833 /aged 23 years/ 
Annie Sayles Copper / Died March lO*** 184 / aged 29 years 

In Memory of /John Barker Jun'/who died June 16*^/1773/ 
Aged 13 Months 

D-16, Altar Tomb 

In memory of /Charles Kirkham/who departed this life /July 
5*^^ 1810 /In the 55*1^ year of his age / Also / Deborah Kirkham/ 
his widow / who departed this life / July 18t»» 1814 / in the 60^^^ year 
of her age 

D-17 

Born / the 14^^* November 17 and / Departed this 
life the day/ 177 Years/ / 

Wife/ 17 /and Departed this Life/ 

1771 [?] [17 lines illegible] 

[This is probably Tomb of Thos. Edward Wallace.] 

D-18 ~~ 

In /Memory of /Mary Daughter of /Doctor William & Mary/ 
Claypoole/of Wilmington / N° Carolina /who departed this Life/ 
October ll^i* 1793 Aged 3 Years / and 6 Months. 

D-19 
In Memory of/M" Mary Yorke/Wife of/Capt° Peter Yorke 
/who departed this Life/Feb^ 26*1^ 1797 /in the 24t»» Year /of her 
Age 

D-20 

In Memory of /George Claypoole / Who departed this Life /Oc- 
tober 4'^ 1793 /Aged 60 years /Also Catharine Claypoole / Who 
departed this Life / March 31^* 1770 / Aged 33 years 

Jesus can make a dying Bed 
Feel soft as downy pillows are 
While on his Breast I lean my head 
And breathe my Life out sweetly there 



IT Church Records say that Richard Neave was buried July 12, 1795. 

243 



^i0totif of &t ^mV^ episcopal CJutcJ 

D-21, Altar Tomb 
In memory of /Mary wife of Jeffrey Clark /who departed this 
life /March IS^^^ 1778 /aged 69 years / Also / Jeffrey Clark^^b / ^j^q 
departed this life / Jan? 20**^ 1782 / aged 79 years / Also / John Tur- 
ner/who departed this life /May 23'^ 1825 /in the 78*^ year of his 
age / Also / Mary wife of John Turner /who departed this life/ 
October 20*^ 1833 / in the 86''^ year of her age 

D-22 
Abigail Lowry/Died Feb. 25 1851 /aged 85 years / Also / Mar- 
garet Lowry/Died April 25. 1851 /aged 81 years 

D-23 

In Memory of /Thomas & Ellen Muskett/Who Departed this 
Life October /l"! 1793. She Aged 44 Years /He October 7* 

1793 Aged Years / Also their other children who died / Young. / 
(4 lines) 

D-24 

Sacred / to the memory of / Mary Curtis / who departed this life / 
on the S*-^ day of March 1821 / in the 28^^ year of her age / Also in 
memory of / Abigail Curtis / who departed this life / on the IS*** day 
of April 1828 /in the 28'*^ year of her age /Daughter of John and 
Elizabeth Curtis 

D-25 

Sacred / to the memory of / Jacob B Curtis / Son of John H. & 
Sarah Curtis /who departed this life /on the 1^' day of January 
1821 /in the 7''' year of his age /Also of John Curtis /who de- 
parted this life /on the 27^1^ day of September 1820 /in the 65*'* 
year of his age /And of Elizabeth Curtis /Wife of John Curtis/ 
who departed this life /on the 30*1^ day of July 1831 /in the 68t'» 
year of her age 

D-26, Altar Tomb 

In Memory of /William Cameron /who departed this life /Sep- 
tember 29ti> 1793 / aged 29 years 

I saw him faint! I saw him sink to rest 
Another victim midst the dying throng 
But resignation oalm'd his gentle breast 
And heav'nly accents breathed upon his 



17b Jeffrey Clark, great, great, great, great grandfather of L. Irving 
Reichner, of the Philadelphia bar, a member of the Colonial Society. 

244 



lnfictiption0 on ^omHtone^ anb f^aultfi 



Also / In memory of / James Cameron / who departed this life / 
August 17^^ 1825 / in the 64'^ year of his age 

E-1 
Hear/Lieth the Body of /Jacob Vanseiver Moore /the son of/ 
John & Hannah Moore /Who Departed this Life August 20^** in 
the Year of our /Lord 1794 Aged 1 Year &/5 Months 3 Weeks 
5 Days 

Death hath Leas'd Our Babe And 
Tore Him from our Arms in Earth* 
Cold Bosom. Now he Lies With 
All his Smiling Infant Charms. 

E-2 

In / Memory / of / Matthias Keen /who died / February 21 1784 
/aged 73 years / Also / Mary Keen /who died /July 12 1791 aged 
75 years 

E-3 

In / Memory / of / Matthias V. Keen^^ / who died / October 20*'* 
1806 /aged 59 years / Also / Elizabeth Keen /who died /May 10'*»- 
1830 aged 80 years 

E^ 

Sacred /to the memory of /Sarah Morrison / Wife of William 
Morrison /who departed this life/ June 26^^ 1832 /in the 80*'' year 
of her age 

E-5 

Sacred / to the memoiy of / Robert Bayne / who departed this 
transitory / life on the le*** April 1815 /in the 40*** year of his age 

How serious is the summoning of death 
Solemn the moment man resigns his breath 
Awful! that verge of dread eternity 
Tio which we hasten and whence none can fly 
Great God! our leader and our guardian be 
And take us when from time we go to thee. 
Also of / Samuel P. Bayne / who departed this life / Sep' 26*'» 
1821 /Aged 15 years 6 months & 10 days 

E-6 

In Memory of / Joseph Wright / Son of Anthony & Hannah 
Wright / who was born Sept 6 1769 / and departed this Life Sept 



19 Matthias Valentine Keen, vestryman 1794-1804, and Elizabeth 
Hood, his wife. For further particulars, see Descendants of Joran Kyn 
of New Sweden, by Gregory Bernard Keen, LL.D. 

245 



^mot^ ot fet pauriS epWcopal CfiurcS 



13/ 1779 /Aged 10 years & 7 days /In Memory of /John W. 
Wright /who was Born April 16^'» 1776 /and departed this Life 
May llti»/ 1794 /Aged 18 years & 25 days/ Children in 

thee /In Hopes we /In Christ divine 

E-7 
In Memory of /Joseph Son of John & Mary Miller/ who Died 
4"» July 1796 /Aged 8 Months 

E-8 
In Memory of /Mary Smith /the Wife of/Jonithin Smith /& 
Daughter of /John Hyde /Who departed this Life /January the 
24^'' 1793 /Aged 22 Years. 

E-9 
In Memory of/Worsley Ernes Esq^^/A Member of the Cincin- 
nati/who departed this Life /July the 27ti» 1802 /Aged 62 Years 

E-10 
In /Memory of /Sarah Hicks /Wife of William Hicks /Daugh- 
'ter of Adam &/ Elizabeth Keller /who departed this Life /the ll*** 
of September / Anno Domini 1803 /Aged 24 Years 9 months /and 
:20 days 

In midst of Health & Blooming youth 
How sudden Death O Death did come 
Her days of sickness were her 
And then lay silent in the tomb 

E-11 

In Memory of/Reachel Barnes/ Who departed this Life /Oc- 
tober 19'»» 1772 /Aged /I Year/ 6 Months 

E-12 

In Memory of/M" Elizabeth Beard /Wife of/Capt° Will™ 
Beard /who departed this life /October 11*^ 1796 /Aged 46 Years 

E-13 
In / memory of / Hannah / daughter of / Thomas and Mary / 
Stiles / who departed this life / June the 22°^ 1803 / Aged 10 months 
/ and 22 days. 

246 



Inactiptionfi on Tlomhfitontfi anH l?auU0 

E-14 
In Memory of /William Son of /William & Mary Lane /who 
departed this Life /October the IS*'* 1801 /aged 1 year 2 months/ 
and 4 days / [4 lines] 

E-15 
/ Mary Daught / of John / Mary ™<=Nilans. 

/ Deceaced June y® / 1773 / Aged 7 years & 4 mon 

E-16 
In memory / of / M""^ Mary Rose /who departed this life /on the 
13*^^ day of April / 1803 / Aged 63 Years/ [5 lines] 

E-17 
In Memory of /William Nelson /who departed this Life /the 
8^^ of January 1781 /Aged 82 Years / also / Ann his Wife /who 
died June 25*1* 178 / Aged 62 Years 

E-18 
Gulyann Molier / departed this Life the 2 Year of /her Age /in 
the Year of our Lord 1797/ Esther Molier / departed this Life the 
3 Year of / her Age in the Year of our Lord 179 

Here Here they lie O could I once more view 
These dear remains take one more fond Adieu 
Where friendly Angels for their guidance given, 
Now leads them through the Courts of Heaven. 

E-19 
In Memory of / W™ Potter Benson / Son of P. & Jane Benson / 
who departed this life /June 6*'* 1800 /aged 16 months/ Also 
Frederick / Son of the above /who died /June 18''> 1800 /aged 2 
Y" & 11 Months. 

E-20 

In Memory of/ Jane P Benson / Daughter of / Peter & Jane / 
Benson who / departed this life / August 7*^ 1794 / Aged 20 months. 

E-21 
Sacred/ to the memory of /William Stokes /who departed this 
life / February 9^^ 1803 /aged 46 years/ Also /Mary Stokes /his 
relict /who fell asleep in Jesus /Dec"" 18*'* 1828 /aged 72 years 

247 



l^i&totjf ot &t paur0 Ctvi0copsi\ Cj^utc]^ 



E-22 

Thomas Wright Armat/Bom June 14 1776 /Died July 30 1806 

E-23 
Here lies /the Body of /M" Jane Babb/who departed this Life 
/October the 8^^ 1783 /In the 29^1' Year /of her Age/ [5 lines] 

E-24 

In Memory of /Matthew Parker /Who departed this life Sep- 
tember/the 9^^ 1793 in the 40'*^ year of /his Age / Likewise / Cath- 
arine his Wife Who died / September the 12ti» 1793 j^ ^he 42°^/ 
Year of her Age /Also of 5 of their children / John Aged 2 Years 
and 6 Months / Joseph Aged 3 Years and 3 Months / Samuel Aged 
1 Year and 7 Months /Lydia Aged 1 Year and 1 Month /And 
Joseph Pilmore Who /Departed this Life September the 25/1793 
Aged 2 Years 5 Months & 12 Days 

E-25 
Here lieth the Body /of Benjamin Town /May 20 1790 /Aged 41 
Years /and 5 Months 

E-26 
In /memory of/M"" Benj. Holland /who departed this Life/ 
Ocf 29^^/ 1796 /aged 43 years 

E-27 

In memory/ of /W™ & Eliza Matilda /Son & daughter of/W™ 
& Eliza Gartley/1806 

F-l 

[West side] In memory /of /Benjamin Masden Esq^'/who de- 
parted / this life / April 6'*^ 1836 / aged 65 years / and 7 months 

[South side] In memory/ of /M" Prudence Masden /wife of/ 
Benjamin Masden /who departed / this life / September lO*'' 1818/ 
aged 59 years 

[East side] In memory of /Benjamin Masden Jun^'/son of/ 
Benjamin & Hannah Masden /who departed this life /March 26*^* 
1837 /aged 6 years & 21 days /also of /Ann S Masden / daughter 
of /Benjamin (Sj Hannah Masden /who departed this life /March 
27th 1837 / aged 15 years & 11 days 

248 



In0ctiption0 on ^omb0tont0 anti f^mlt0 

F-2 

In Memory of / Rachel / the wife of /Thomas Webb /who de- 
parted this Life / December the 23'-^ 1795 /Aged 27 Years 

By ministerial Spirits convy'd 
Lodg'd in the garner of the Sky 
She rests in Abraham's bosom laid 
She lives with God no more to Die 

F-3 

In Memory of /John Webb /who departed this Life /Oct 
1773 Aged/ Years 

F-4 

Sacred /to the memory of /Mary wife of /James Wilson /who 
departed this life / October 14 1835 / aged 38 years & 10 days / 
Also / Edward her son / who departed this life / October 1821. / 
aged 20 years 3 months & 6 days 

F-5 

In /Memory of /Thomas and William /Sons of Thomas and 
Mary Fenton / William departed this Life /June 19'^ 1793 /Aged 
3 Years 2 Months & 25 Days / Thomas departed this Life / Septem- 
ber 4^'^ 1793 /Aged 18 Years & 6 Months / Also / Mary Fenton/ 
Who departed this life /May 6'^ 1800 /Aged 4 Years 

F-6 

In /Memory of /James P. Carteret /son of /Daniel & Emily 
Carteret / who Departed this Life / October aged 17 Years 

/9 Months & 9 Days/ [8 Lines] 

F-7 

In Memory of / Thomas Flower / Son of / Tho^ & Hannah Flower 
/who departed this life /March 7^^^ 1801 /aged 3 years & 6 months 
/ and 27 days 

F-8 
In Memory of /George McPherson / Son of /Daniel and Ann/ 
McPherson / who departed this /life on the 17*'^ DeC / 1801 / Aged 
7 Years & 11 Months 

F-9 
In Memory of /Ann Maria McPherson / daughter of /Daniel and 
Ann / McPherson / who departed this /life Dec-" 24'i» 1801 /Aged 2 
Years & 15 days 

249 



l^iiStotp of &t paurjei Cpfjeicopal C^utcS 



F-IO 

In Memory of / Daniel / the Son of Daniel & Ann McPherson/ 
who departed this Life / June the 3^^ 1796 / Aged 8 Months / Also 
W™ McPherson / who departed this Life 14 Oct./ 1798. Aged 5 
weeks. 

F-11 

[West side] Beneath this Stone /was deposited / the Body of/ 
Catharine / Wife of /William Thackara Sen^'/who departed this 
life /on the 13t»» day of/ July A. D. 1780 /aged 35 years /Under 
this Stone lies /the remains of /William Thackara Sen^'/who de- 
parted this life / on the 10'^ day of / April A. D. 1817 / aged 79 years 

Sacred / to the memory of / deceased Parents 

r-12 

To the Memory of/Rosannah Wright /who departed this Life 
/ Oct"- 7 1793 / Aged 28 Years 

F-13 
Sacred /to the memory of /Joseph Wright /who departed this 
life / Febn\ary 10"^ 1810 / aged 40 years 6 months / & 10 days 

Adieu dear friends I take my leave 

Farewell my loving wife 
Our children shall your guardian's be 

And bless your widow 'd life 
When from this world you are releas'd 

It's sorrows toils and cares 
In everlasting joy we '11 meet 

To sing our Makers praise 

r-14 
Sacred/ to the Memory of /John Meer Sen'^o/who was bom at/ 
Wolverhampton England / February 9^^ 1756 /& died July 29'^ 



20 John Meer, Sr., was an artist and lived at No. 4 South 7th Street, 
below Market Street. He married a widow, Mary Grould West. She is 
buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery. Her first husband, Captain Josiah West, 
was a jeweler on Second Street below Market Street and he was a com- 
municant. He is buried in Trinity Church Yard, New York City. A 
daughter, Caroline West, attended St. Paul's until 1845. She married 
Joseph C. Eandall, a well-known and highly respected merchant of this 
city, and among her descendants are numbered Edmund Eandall, Esq., 
of the Philadelphia Bar, and Caroline Eandall Deaver, the wife of the 
distinguished American" surgeon. Dr. John B. Deaver, of Philadelphia. 

250 



9n0cription0 on '^omb^tont^ anH mixlt^ 

1831 /For 41 years a Citizen /of Philadelphia / An honest man is 
the /noblest work of God. 

F-15 
In /memory of / Elizabeth / wife of James Matthews who /de- 
parted this life May 5*'* 1794 /aged 19 years /Also of /James 
Matthews / Husband of the above named / Elizabeth Matthews/ 
who departed this life the / 16'i> July 1812 aged 64 years / & 4 months 

F-16 

In /memory of /John n/who departed this Life / September 
14* 1811 /Aged /and 10 months 

r-17 
A stone undecipherable. 

F-18 

In /memory of/Odell Fennell/who departed this Life /March 

1793 /in the 39 year of his age /Also of Edmund Fennell/ 

Son of/Odell & Margaret Fennell/who died April 13'^ 1818 /in 

the 26'^ year of his age /In memory of /John Vallance/ (a native 

of Glasgow.) /who died June 14*^ 1823 /aged 53 years 

F-19 
In Memory / of Margaret / of / / 

also of /Margaret Vallance/ /who died /Feb- 

ruary 8. 1827 / aged 44 years. 

F-20 

In / memory / of / Conrad Seyfert/who departed this life /July 
the 8*^ 1822 /Aged 33 years /He was an affectionate husband/ 
Kind parent and a friend to / his country and all mankind [6 lines 
illegible] 

Also of/ Elizabeth Seyfert/his Wife /Who departed this life on 
/ the 17th day of September 1840 / In the 72"^ year of her age 

F-21 

In /memory of /George Halberstadt / who departed this life/ 
May 23^ 1812 /Aged 44 years 6 months /and 27 days /And also/ 
Anne relict of /George Halberstadt / who departed this life /on 
the 4'»» day of April 1846. / in the 72°^ year of her age [2 lines] 

251 



^i&totif of &t ^a\xV0 CpiiSfcopal CJutcS 

F-22 
In /memory of / Frances / Daughter of /Thomas & Ann Youngs 
/who departed this Life /July 7^^ 1805 /aged 3 years 2 months/ 
and 7 days 

F-23 
In Memory of /Richard Son of/Thos & Ruth Watkins/Who 
died/Dec"- 31^* 1796 /Aged 2 Years/ 10 Months & 20 days. 

F-24 

In Memory of / William Son of / Tho^ & Ruth Watkins / who died 
/Dec"- 29'!' 1796./ Aged 8 Months /& 19 Days. 

F-25 
In /memory of /Ann Halberstadt / who departed this life /April 
6*^ 1812 /Aged 16 years 6 months /and 14 days [8 lines illegible] 

F-26 
In Memory of /Ann Wife of /John Cromwell /who departed 
this Life /Oct 15 1793 /in the Year of her Age /Also of /Mary 
their daughter /who died 18 1793 /Aged Days [4 

lines illegible] 

F-27 
Mary Armat/Died July 22 1780 

F-28 
In Memory of /Margaret Cromwell / Wife of /John Cromwell/ 
Who departed this Life /October the 15^11 1798 /Aged 34 Years & 
9 Months 

Eest here in hope O Sacred dust 
To awake and shine 

Also of John Cromwell / Died June 7*-^ 1828 /in the 60''* year 
of his age 

F-29 

In /Memory of /Mary Richards / Wife of John Richards /who 
departed this Life / the 18^^ of Sepf 1800 / aged 59 years 

F-30 
Sacred /To the Memory of /Ann Dawson /Wife of Joshua Daw- 
son /who departed this Life /the 24'*' of March 179 /Aged 2r 

years [2 lines illegible] 

252 



JnjEfcnptionsi on ^^omb&tont^ anti mixlt^ 



Also /In Memory of their infant / daughter Sarah who died the 
18^11 of September 1793 / aged 3 days 

G-1 
In Memory of /Deborah "Wife of /Francis Shaffner/who de- 
parted this Life Ocf llti" 1793 / Aged 28 Years 9 months 

G^2 

In Memory of /James Forder^i/who departed this Life /Sept 
1794. / [other lines illegible] 

G-3 
A Stone illegible. 

G-4 
In Memory of /Ann Wife of /Cap* Edward Spain /who de- 
parted this Life /Oct' 18^^^ 1794 /Aged 60 Years /&' 6 Months [4 
lines illegible] 

G-5 
In Memory of /Daniel Drais/who departed this Life /Jan 
1791 in the 38ti» Year of his Age/ [4 lines iUegible] 

G^ 

In /memory of /James Harris /who died April 17*^* 1815 /aged 
77 years 

G^7 
Sarah Nelson / "Wife of George Nelson / Departed this Life / June 
15. 1782. 

G^8 
In /Memory of/M""^ Margaret Norman /"Wife of/ / 

who departed this Life / Oct° 7^^ 1793 / [4 lines illegible] 

G-9 

In Memory of / George Hinton / "Who Died 11^*^ Oct" 1793 / Aged 
30 Years. Also his son. 

G-10 

In/ memory of /George Hinton /who died October 11 1793 /And 
of his widow / Barbary Hinton / who died November 17*'' 1816 



21 James Forder, died Sept. 29, 1794, 

253 



^iHtot^ ot fet pauPiSf dpi^copal C^utcS 



G-ll 

In Memory of /George, son of/Capt° James Snell/and Eliza 
his Wife /who departed this Life /April 13*'' 1801 /Aged 11 
Months. 

"Here rests the fairest bud of hope / That e'er to fondest wish was 
giv'n / 

Oh would'st thou know its happier state /Repent & seek the 
flow'r in heav'n." 

0^12 

In /memory of /William Alexander / Bom July l^' 1772 /Died 
Nov*- 17. 1806 /Also of his Mother / Rachel Alexander / who died 
March IG*'' 1818 /Aged 77 years 

G-13 

In /Memory of James /Son of /James & Rachel / Alexander / 
who departed this Life /July 29*'' 1775 Aged /I Year & 6 Months 

0^14 
In Memory of / Elizabeth / Wife of /James Alexander / who de- 
parted this Life / January 24*»» 1771 / Aged 30 Years 

0^15 
In Memory of /James Alexander^^ / who departed this Life/ 



22 James Alexander, born in Belfast, Ireland, May 1, 1726, came to 
America prior to 1750 and settled in Philadelphia, where he was a sea 
captain, residing at No. 10 Spruce Street, between Front and Second 
Streets, from before 1761 to 1785 when he removed to Southwark. In 
sympathy with the American cause he was a signer of the Non-Importa- 
tion Eesolutions of 1765, and served in Captain Eichard Barrett's Com- 
pany of Guards for Southwark January 3 to February 3, 1777. On 
July 17, 1771, he married Eachel Craven of Gloucester County, New 
Jersey, by whom he had four children. An ardent Mason, he was an 
original member and Secretary of Lodge No. 2, and his descendants have 
continued this interest. William Alexander, his eldest son, member of 
the Philadelphia bar, was made a Master Mason in Lodge No. 3, March 
21, 1797. Another son, Eichard Alexander, 1780-1823, was a member 
of Lodge No. 2, and Junior Warden at the time of his decease. A grand- 
son, John C. Alexander, 1821-1885, was made a Master Mason, November' 
1853, and Worshipful Master, 1865. William Cummings, 1806-1889, a 
prominent merchant of the Port of Philadelphia, who married his grand- 
daughter, Emily Eichardet Alexander, in 1831, was Worshipful Master 
of Lodge No. 2, 1837-39, during the Morgan excitement and prevented 

254 




-«i ■ 



^)ir>t-<^ 






vsv^< 














//^ 










-^z 



;\^/f:Vl^-,r>r 4.-^ 



a:^.-- 



/-/x 










A LEAF FROM THE RECEIPT BOOK OF JAMES ALEXANDER SHOWING THE PAYMENT 
OF PEW RENT TO ST. PAUL'S IN 1773, OVER 143 YEARS AGO, TO JOHN WOOD 
AND THOMAS GORDON OF THE VESTRY. WOOD WAS A WATCHMAKER AND IS 
BURIED IN FRONT OF THE CHURCH. JAMES ALEXANDER BECAME A MEMBER 
OF ST. PAUL'S IN 1761. 



In^ctiption^ on tlTomiiisitonfsf anli l^auIW 



[illegible] / Aged 66 Years [James Alexander was buried 1 Jami- 
ary 1795. 

a-16 

In /memory of /Margaret Alexander / Wife of /James Alexan- 
der / who departed this Life / June 1811 / / aged / 
and / [stone much worn.] [Mrs. Alexander buried June 9. 
1811] 

G-17 

In /memory of /James Alexander / who departed this life/Feb^ 
lyti^ 1829 /Aged 53 years & 11 months /and 27 days 

G-18 
In /memory of /Rebecca Robinson /Who departed this Life/ 
April 18. 1775. /Aged years. 

G-19 

Robert /Bartram/ died May 27. / 1775 / Aged 14 Months. 

G-20 
In /memory of /Maria C Cox /Daughter of /Captain John and 
/Martha Cox /who departed this life /March 3. 1803 /aged 3 Years 
/ and 17 days 

G-21 
Samuel Adam Shaw /[born] June 7. 1801 /died in 
July 17. 1802 / Aged 1 year 1 month 9 days & 6 hours / A patient 
Sufferer/ [The greater part of this stone illegible] 

G^22 

In /memory of /James Barbazett/who departed this life /Janu- 
ary 28**' 1818 /aged 29 years 9 months /and 1 day. 

Departed here in hope face 

To meet the Saviour of the human . 



the Lodge from surrendering its charter. His great-great-grandson, 
Norris Stanley Barratt, was made a Master Mason in 1886, and Wor- 
shipful Master in 1895, and is the present Representative of Lodge No. 
2 in the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, serving as a member of the 
Committee on Library; is also a member of the Supreme Council of the 
thirty-third and last degree of freemasonry. James Barratt, a great- 
great-grandson is also a member of Lodge No. 2. 

255 



G-23 

In /memory of /Daniel Gosner^'^ / who departed this life /May 
20. 1796./ aged /Also of / Rebecca / his wife /who died Oc- 

tober 15. 1820 / aged 68 years & 6 months / and — days. 

GK-24 
In /Memory of/M" Elizabeth Wife of /Robert Fitzgerald/ 
who departed this Life/ November 26^11 1770 /in the 28*1' Year of 
her Age / Also of / Robert Mary & Kaziah / Children of / Robert & 
Kaziah Fitzgerald / who Died in Childhood / M" Ann Bell / aged 63 
years 

G-25 

In / memory of / Robert Fitzgerald / who departed this life / April 
1^' 1813 Aged 73 years [6 lines indistinct] 

And of /Elizabeth daughter of /Robert and Lydia Fitzgerald/ 
who died August 17. 1790 /Aged 1 year and 3 months 

G-26 

Sacred /to the memory of /Lydia Fitzgerald / Relict of /Robert 
Fitzgerald /Bom Feb 19 1737 /and departed this life Feb 4. 1830 
[8 lines indistinct] 

Rebecca A Bell /Died July IS^h 1849 aged 33 years /Robert F 
Bell /Died August 16'»» 1850 aged 39 years 

G-27 
In /memory of /Anthony Fannen/who departed this life May 
the 2^ 1827/ Aged 76 years 

G-28, Altar Tomb 
Sacred/ to the memory of/ Harriet H. Consort /of Geo. W. Gill 
/who departed this life July ll*!' 1830 /aged 22 yrs 9 mos & 16 
days / Also / George Andrew Son/ Harriet/ July 

7. 1830 / aged 9 mos 10 days [8 lines] 



23 Daniel Gosoer, son of Captain Peter Gosner, of the Pennsylvania 
Continental Line, married August 1, 1782, Eebecca Tybout, born April 
7, 1752 daughter of James and Comfort (Kollock) Tybout. Children: 
Peter Gosner; James T. Gosner, died at New Orleans, Sept. 21, 1804, in 
ninetieth year; Ann Gosner; Hester Gosner, married Thomas Whitecar, 
of Philadelphia, and had issue. 

£56 



ln0ctiptionfi on ^omh^tom^ anb Wultfi 

GK-29 
In / memory of / Francis C / son of / James S. and Esther / Nally / 
Aged 2 years 7 /months and 28 days. 

G^-SO 

In /memory of /Elizabeth wife of /Garrett Hulsekamp / who de- 
parted this Life / September the 14*^ 1807 /aged 72 years and 9 
months 

GK-31 

In /memory of /Garrett Hulsekamp / who departed this life/ 
March 16 1812 /In the 96^^^ year of his age /In him was the kind 
Husband a tender /and affectionate Father & sincere friend /to the 
Afflicted and Distressed / Also / Mary / Daughter of G. Hulsekamp 
/Who died June 23 1841 /aged 71 years 

H-1 

In Memory of /Thomas Bowen/who departed this Life /Sep- 
tember 4ti> 1797 / Aged 48 Years 

rrom painful days and restless nights 
Now death has set me free 
And 
I shaU 

H-2 

In Memory of /David Bowen/who departed this Life /August 
29^b 1797 /Aged 15 Years [4 lines illegible] 

H-3 

In Memory of / Mrs. Penelope Bowen / wife of Tho^ B'owen / who 
departed this Life /April 9'^ 1795 /Aged 34 Years [4 lines] 

H^ 

In Memory of/Cap*^ George Bridges /who departed this Life/ 
October 9^^^ 1769 /Aged 55 Years /Also three of his sons /Alexan- 
der Robert & George / who died in their infancy [12 lines indistinct] 

H-5 

In /Memory of /Juliet Ann wife of /William Rankin /Who de- 
parted this life / September 19"> 1807 / Aged 21 years 
18 257 



H-6 

John on [probably Wilson] /who dep /August 

/ aged / Mary W [illegible] 

H-7 

Sacred / To the memory of / John V Shade / who died by the acci- 
dental / discharge of a gun / on the 19^** May 1823 / in the 25 Year 
of his age 

(Six lines of verse undecipherable.) 

Susan, wife of Peter Shade /and daughter of Margaret Warner/ 
Died October 10*^ 1829 /in the 60'^ year of her age /Margaret 
Warner /Died Feb 25'»i 1826 in her 80*1^ year /Susan Shade Jones 
/Died August 11*'^ 1820 /aged 2 years and 11 months /Ann Maria 
aged 16 Months /John, aged 24 hours /John Fergusa aged 11 
months/ Susan, aged 2 Years &| 4 Months /John Colem, aged 3 
days. / Children' of Thomas and Maria W. Jones. 

H-8 
Here lieth the Body of /John Simes Pritehard / Son of Joseph 
and / Elizabeth Pritehard / Who Departed this Life/ SOt** 

1793 / Aged 9 Years. Also in Memory of / Samuel Coulty / who de- 
parted / Sep'- 29ti» 1794 Aged 38 years 

H-9 

In /Memory of /Christy departed this life January 11, 1812/ 
aged 1 Year, 2 months and 25 days. 

H-10 
In /memory of /M" Rebecca Christy /wife of /Robert Christy/ 
who departed this life / October the 4^"^ 1800 / aged years / Like- 
wise their three children / William departed this life March /the 
17th 279 aged one year / Seven months and 13 days / Robert Jun*" 
departed this life March /the 28 1801 aged one year /and 10 
months /James Christy / departed this life /the 6'** of May 1806./ 
16 days. 

H-11 
In / memory of / Thomas Wigmore / who departed this life / Sepf 
25*'^ 1803 / Aged 41 years / Also of Susannah wife of / Thomas Wig- 
more / who died Sepf 4''^ 1803 / Aged 22 years 

258 



ln^cti9tioniS on Tlombfitont^ anH l^ault^ 

H-12, Altar Tomb 
Here lieth the body of /Jane /wife of Isaac Hozey/who de- 
parted this life / the 23 August 1803 / aged 27 years & 10 months 

H-13 

In Memory of / George Peehin Son of / Christopher ^ Christiana 
/Pechin/who departed this Life /March the 31«t 1778 

H-14 

In / memory of / Christiana Peehin / Relict of / Christopher 
Peehin/ who died January 7'^* 1835 /in the 88*^ year of her age 

[This Stone has been recut to read " Bom 12. 1747 Died Jan 

7. 1835] 

H-15 

In Memory of / Christopher Peehin / who departed this Life / Oc- 
tober the 26^1^ 1779 /Aged 42 Years/ [4 lines] [This stone has 
been recut to read "Bom in France 1737 Died October 26. 1779] 

H-16 
/WilUam /Aged 14/1790 [illegible] 

H-17 

In memory / of / Andrew Spence / who departed this life / Oc- 
tober 7^^ 1805 / aged 43 years / Also / Mary wife of Andrew Spence 
/who departed this life / December 22°"^ 1821 /aged 53 years 

H-18 
Robinson [illegible] 

H-19 
Mary Robinson 

H-20 

In /memory of /Rebecca Connelly / wife of Isaac Connelly / for- 
merly widow of Henry Robinson / She departed this life / 20*^ day 
of February 1785 / aged 39 years 

H-21 

Henry Robinson 

259 



H-22 
Benj. Robinson 

H-23 

In memory / of / Samuel Robinson / who departed this life / the 
20t'» of January 1824 /in the 56'i» year of his age / And / Judith 
his Wife /Who departed this life / December 12*^' 1841 in the 75«» 
year of her age. 

H-24 
In Memory of / Henry Robinson / who departed this Life / April 
IS'i^ 1776 /Aged Years 

H-25 

Michel Long /departed this Life / December 3''«i 1773 /Aged 38 
Years. 

H-26 
In Memory of /Joseph Son of /Samuel and /Ruth Robinson/ 
who departed this /life Aug 17 /Aged Months/ 

Weeks 

H-27 
Sacred /To the memory of/M" Mary Foot /who departed this 
life /the 13*'' of Feh^ 1812 /aged 78 years 

H-28 
In / Memory of / George Gillighan / who departed this life / Janu- 
ary 22°"^ 1818. /aged 63 years / Also / Mary Wife of /George Gil- 
lighan /who departed this life / February 18'^ 1820 /aged 67 years 

H-29 
Sacred / to the memory of / Two Sons and a Daughter of / John' 
and Margaret Wharton /John Wharton Jun'" / departed this life 
Aug 30 1820 /in the 20^^^ year of his age /William Wharton /de- 
parted this life Aug 30 1820 / in the 14*^*^ year of his age / Margaret 
Wharton /departed this life Aug 31. 1820 /in the 17'»^ year of her 
age [6 lines] 

H-30 
Sacred /to the memory of /Isabella Price /Relict of George 
Price /who departed this life /October 2^ 1808 /Aged 70 years & 
8 days / Also / Isabella Price Davis / daughter of /Andrew & Eliza- 
beth Davis /who departed this life /in August 1799 /Aged 3 years 
& 2 months / Also / Mary Davis / daughter of /Andrew & Elizabeth 

260 



Jtifictiption^ on ^omi)0tontfi anb I9mltfi 

Davis /who departed this life /in October 1802 /Aged 1 year & 2 
months 

H-31 

In /Memory of /William Price /Son of /Andrew & Elizabeth 
Davis /died August 1^' 1816 /aged 21 years & 11 months /Also/ 
Elizabeth / Widow of Andrew Davis /died May 15ti» 1829 /aged 64 
years & 5 months 

H-32, Altar Tomb 

In memory of /James Moyes/who departed this life/Sepf 25^ 
1833 /in the 80*^ year of his age /Also /of Mary his wife /who 
departed this life /April 11*^ 1850 /in the 96*^ year of her age 

H-33, Altar Tomb 
In Memory of Ann /ye wife of John Moyes/who Departed this 
Life August/ 18'^ 1762 in ye 44 Year /of Her Age 

I-l 

Sacred / to / the memory of /Virginia Elmslie / Daughter of/ 
Louis and Susan Elmslie /Who departed this life /On the 5th day 
of March A. D. 1857 /Aged 9 years 2 mos & 20 days 

1-2 

In /Memory of /Cathrane the wife of /Thomas Cave: who /De- 
parted this Life September / the 23^ 1795 Aged 31 Years /And three 
months / Also four of their children / May they rest in peace 

1-3 

In /Memory of /Maria Bennet/who died August 6"^ 1825/ 
aged 80 Years 

1-4, Altar Tomb 

In Memory of /Margaret Beck /Wife of /Paul Beck Jun'/ 
Died lot** April 1797 /Aged 36 Years /This Vault also contains/ 
the Remains of /Mary Goddard/Wife of John Goddard/and/ 
Daughter of Paul & Margaret Beck /who died 7*'* April 1825/ 
Aged 36 years and 9 days /Mary Harvey Beck /wife of /Paul 
Beck JVDied. Dec 3* 1810 /The Remains of /Paul Beck Junior/ 
and of /Mary Harvey Beck /were removed April 12*^* 1851 /from 
this Vault to Laurel Hill Cemetery 

[On the North side] Mrs. Susannah Clayton /died 25''* January 
1787 / Aged 45 years 

261 



[On the South side] William Currie Beck /Bom 1796 
Died 1828 /M"- Richard Parker /died 9^^ November 1769 /Aged 
38 years 

1-5 

In / memory of / M""^ Susan P Lammor / Consort of Daniel Lam- 
mor/who departed this life/ 31 December 1817 /Aged 52 years 1 
month & 2 days 

1-8 

In Memory / of / Mary Gunary/who departed this Life /No- 
vember 16/ 1763 /Aged 28 Years. 

1-7 

Mary Pidgeon / Departed This Life /October 1793 /Aged 50 
Years & 9 Months 

Silent Tomb I lye 

yonder 

Husband Children mind 

And 'II meet me in endless day. 

1-8 
In /Memory of /John Huckel/the son of /William and Susanna 
/Huckel/Who departed this Life /April 20. 1797 /Aged Years 
1 month / and Days 

1-9 
In' Memory / of / William Wisdom2*/who departed this Life/ 
August [rest illegible] 

I-IO 
In /memory of / departed this life/ 1800 [rest 

illegible] 

I-ll 
In Memory of / Catharine Wife / James Spriggs / who departed 
this life /January le''' 1802 /Aged 79 years /and 2 months/ [2 
lines illegible] 

M' James Spriggs /who departed this life /January lO''^ 1806/ 
Aged 60 years [lines] [stone sunk] 

1-12 
Here Rest / in peace / the mortal remains of / Margaret Desilver / 
who died the 15'^^ of July 1835 / aged 55 years 2 months & 15 days / 



24 William Wisdom buried Aug. 28, 1798. 

262 



InHctiptionfi on 7!Lomb0tont0 anti ^anlt^ 

Also /Robert Desilver/who died September IS^** 1837 /aged 58 
years 5 months <Si 4 days / Ann / Daughter of Margaret / and Robert 
Desilver/who died February 7'^ 1820 /aged 15 years 1 month & 
23 days 

Tis Heaven's high will we must to dust return 
At 'eve at noon day or in the blooming morn 
But small the difference when the summons given 
If w'ere prepared to tread the Courts of Heaven. 

1-13 
In Memory of / Joseph Pringle / who died / Nov*" 12'^* 1790 / aged 
11 Months 

1-14 

Sacred / to the memory of / Thomas Broome / who departed this 
life / January 11. 1818 / aged 64 years / [2 lines illegible] 

Also /in memory of/Letitia Broome /his wife /who departed 
this life/ September 22'^ 1820 /aged 63 years/ [4 lines] 

Also Hannah Broom/ daughter of / Tho^ & Margaret Broom / who 
died August 29 1828 /aged 50 years 

1-15 
[A stone broken and illegible.] 

1-16 
In / memory of / Catharine wife of / William Delavau / who de- 
parted this life /August 17 1828 aged/ 29 Years /Also 
of /Catharine Amanda / daughter of William &/ Catharine De- 
lavau / was bom 1828 / died Feb 1829 aged / 7 months 
& 13 days /Also of /William Delavau /who departed this life/ 
May 20"^ 1832 Aged/ 44 years 6 months /and 16 days 

1-17 
In Memory of /Susannah Kennedy / Daughter of /James & Su- 
sannah/Black, who departed / this Life Ocf 2^ 1774 /aged 23 
years. 

1-18 
In Memory of /James Black / Departed this /July 

/Also /Susan /Departed / 1776 

Aged Years / Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord. 

263 



1-19 
Sacred /to the memory of /James Thomson /who departed this 
life /April l«t 1829 /aged 37 years & 26 days /And /of his Brother 
/John Thomson 

1-20 
In /Memory of /Jacob Thomson /who departed this life /Dec 
24*'' 1808 /in the SO^'^ year of his age / Also / Mary / his wife who 
died July/13ti» 1839 in the 79 year /of her age [Foot-stone of 
George Gillighans against this.] 

1-21 
In /memory of /William Blair /who departed this life /Novem- 
ber IT*'' 1823 / in the 57'*' year of his age / And / his widow / Sarah 
Blair /who departed this life /June 28*^ 1824 /in the SS'** year of 
her age / also of / Samuel Blair / Son of / William and Sarah Blair / 
who departed this life / December 14*^ 1823 / in the 44^'' year of his 
age 

1-22 
In Memory of /Amy wife of Anthony Lougeay / departed this 
Life / September 26^^ 1799 /in the 68 Year of her Age /also of her 
children 

1-23 
In /memory of /Anthony Lougeay /who departed this life /the 
30 day of October 1808 /in the SO*'' year of his age 

Farewell lamented friend may Angels guide 

Thy weary Spirit to the realms of rest 

Where pain can never come nor death's cold hand 

Chill the pure of celestial life 

Where happy souls of life serene 

Raise to their great Creator hymns of joy 

Here we must remain to mjourn and 

Perhaps for years the adverse of life 

Yet should we suffer pain or bliss enjoy 
Till time shall lay us with the silent dead 
The sweet remembrance of thy genuine worth 
Shall fill our bosoms with a pensive joy. 

Departed this life /March 19ti» 1849/Phebe Wife of Anthony 
Lougeay /in her 83^ Year 

My body I resign with these in the dust to sleep 
I hope my soul with them will with Jesus meet. 
264 



In0ctivtionfi on <^omb0tont0 anti t^aixlt^ 

j-i 

Erected /to the memory of /Mary Louisa /wife of Elias Marsh/ 
who departed this life /March IS'** A. D. 1839 /aged 41 years 5 
months /and 20 days 

J-2 

In /Memory of /Nancy Rushton/who departed this life/ 
August 8*-^ 1820 /aged 57 years / Also / Edward Rushton/who de- 
parted this life /June 4*^ 1824 /aged 37 years / And / William 
Rushton/Son of Edward /and Jane Rushton/who died May 4^ 
1818 / aged 9 months 

J-3 

Sacred /to the memory of /M" Mary Caskey/who departed this 
life /February 5^'^ A D. 1823 /in the 53^ year of her age 

The soul of our Mother ia gone 
To tighten the triumph above 
Exalted to Jesus 's throne 
And clasped in the arms of his love 

Also Hannah /Wife of Robert S. Wood /and Daughter of /Rob- 
ert & Mary Caskey/who departed this life /June 30^11 1816 /The 
remains of /M" Mary Caskey/were removed /to Woodlands Ceme- 
tery/October 17. 1859 

J-4 

Stephen Randolph / Died June the 5t»> / 1763 / Aged 23 Years & 
10 Months. 

J-3 

In /Memory of /Cornelius KoUock^" / Who Departed this /life 
July 1. 1798 / Aged 37 Years / and 3 Months. 

J-0 

Sacred /to the memory of /Hans Jaeobson/who departed thia 
life /February 3^ 1810 /aged 67 years 

Farewell my wife and children dear 
I am not dead but sleeping here 
My debt is paid 
Prepare yourselves to follow me 



25 Probably son of Lieutenant Jacob Kollock, Jr., Collector for ti« 
Port of Lewes, Delaware, by his wife Mary Leech, and he who married. 
May 23, 1789, Mary Eogerson. See ' ' Genealogy of the Kollock Family 
of Sussex County, Delaware, 1657-1897, by Edwin Jaquett Sellers, Esq. 

265 



3-1 
In Memory of/Barbary wife of /Peter Field /who departed 
this life/1^' Sept 1793 /Aged Years /May she rest in Peace 

J-S 
In /memory of /Elizabeth Parker Farr / youngest daughter of/ 
W°» & Elizabeth Farr /who died August 9^^ 1806 /Aged 1 month & 
21 days /Also of /William Farr /Father of the above /who died 
August 22nd 1807 / Aged 33 years 

J-9 

In /memory of /John Hook /who departed this life /May 7*'' 
1812 / aged 67 years 1 month and 19 days 

Near where these sad memorials rise 
The husband friend and father Ilea 
A breast within whose holy cell 
The Christian virtues lov'd to dwell 

Jl-10 
Ann lann / departed this life /July the 29*1' 1778 /Aged 10 
Months / and 2 days 

Jr-n 

Here /Lies the Body /of /John Graham /who departed this/ 
Life Aug* 6. 1794 /Aged 15 Years. 

J-12 

In memory of /Alice Eccles/Wife of /James Eecles/Who de- 
parted this life /October 2^ 1806 /Aged 20 years/ [4 lines illeg- 
ible] 

J-13 

In Memory of /John and Mary /Son and Daughter of /Henry 
& Sarah Butler /John died April 27 1769 /Aged 3 years /Mary 
died May 21. 1765 /Aged 3 Months 

J-14 

In Memory / of / Grace Raworth / Who Departed this Life / July 
17 Aged/ 23 Years [illegible] 

J-15 

In Memory of/Neomai O.Neaill / Wife of /Daniel O.Neaill/ 
who died Sep' 17 1769 /Aged 52 Years /also Ann his Daughter/ 
who died Novem' 18 1764 /Aged 18 Months 

266 



In^ctiption^ on ^omh0tont0 anti f^mltfi 

J-18 
In Memory of Daniel O.Neill*/who departed this Life /March 
6''> 1790 Aged 40 ( ?) Years 

My flesh shall slumber in the ground 

till the trumpets 

then burst 

And in my Saviours image rise 

Jr-17 

In Memory of /John Johnson/ Life/ 96 [illeg- 

ible] [Church Registers record that John Johnson was buried 7 June 
1796.] 

J-18, Altar Tomb 

lhTs. 

24 Sept 1793 /Elizabeth Wife of I. Wood J^late of Virginia/ 
She was an affectionate Wife / Mother and faithful Friend 

JV-19 

Sacred /to the memory of /Elizabeth Reynolds /who departed 
this life / June 1^ 1816 / in the 78''» year of her age 

Corruption Earth and worms 
Shall but refine this flesh 
Till my Redeemer bid me come 
To put it on afresh 

J-20 
In /Memory of/Josiah Cohoon/who departed this Life/NoV 
lOtii 1795 Aged/ 35 Years (&| 9 Days /Also 4 of his Children /My 
flesh shall slumber in the Ground Till the joyfull sound 

K-1 
P. Evans /a worthy man /who died December 11 1806 /Aged 
76 years 

K-2 
In / memory of / Martha Nichols / wife of James / who departed 
this life / November 27 A D 1823 / aged years / Also of her hus- 
band/James Nichols /who departed this life /May 14*'» A. D. 
1824 /aged 61 years 

267 



In' the History of the First Troop, Philadelphia City Cavalry, 
published 1917, there is the following statement, which the writer 
has been unable to verify: 

"William Forrest (No. 139 on register) was a son of Captain 
William Forrest, who commanded a six-gun battery at Trenton. In 
the Philadelphia Minerva of July 28, 1798, are to be found elegiac 
verses in memory of the young man — the page beautifully printed 
and ornamented by wood cuts as headings and tail pieces. He was 
buried in St. Paul's Churchyard, Third Street, south of Walnut 
Street." 




268 




T r T T T 
Hppenbfr 

1 i 1 I r 

(5 




LIST OF VESTRYMEN, 1762-1830; 1835-1876^ 



Abbott, Edward 1827 

Alexander, William 1865-1866 

Anderson, James B 1873 

B'ankson, Andrew 1763 

Bartram, Alexander 1771 ; 1773-74 

Bartram, George 1769-1771; 1773 

Bates, John 1783 

Baynton, John 1763 

Beall, T. L 1873 

Beaty, John 1824-1828 

Beere, Jonathan 1773-74 

Benezet, James^ 1762-63 

Benezet, Philips 1762-63 

Benner, Henry D., M.D 1870-76 

Bickerton, George 1799-1813 

Biggs, Thomas 1797-1803 

Bonham, Ephraim 1762-3 ; 1770-74 

Briggs, John 1824-27 

Broome, Thomas 1795-96 

Bullock, Joseph 1783 

Cadwalader, Charles Evert, M.D 1874-76 

Campbell, John 1793-95 

Carleton, Thomas 1762-63 

Carradine, Thomas 1792-94 

1 The minutes of the Vestry from April 24, 1829, until April 12, 1862, 
twenty-three years, are missing. So this list of Vestrymen is not com- 
plete as to that period which covers the rectorships of Drs. Tyng, Mc- 
Coskrey, and May and twelve years of Dr. Eichard Newton's. The min- 
utes, beginning April 12, 1852, to October, 1876, cover the last ten years 
of Dr. Newton's incumbency. 

2 Died in Bucks Co., Penna., May 16, 1794. 

3 Died Oct. 13, 1791; buried Christ Church grounds, Philadelphia. 

269 



Clark, William H., M.D 1870-76 

Claxton, John8» 1797-1805; 1808-28 

Claypoole, George 1770-73 

Claypoole, James* 1762-69 

Conway, William 1869-76 

Corry, William 1795 

Cooke, Jay*"^ 1852-62 

3a Ship Chandler No : 19 Arch Street. 

4 James Claypoole, born Jan. 22, 1720, was ensign in Capt. Charles 
Willing 's Company of Pennsylvania Associators, organized for protection 
against the Indians, Dec. 29, 1747, and High Sheriff of Philadelphia 
County, 1777-1780. He married, first, Eebecca White; second, Mary 
Chambers. Of his five children, all by the second marriage, Elizabeth 
Claypoole, married, first, Capt. Norris Copper, second, Timothy Matlack 
of Revolutionary fame; Mary Claypoole married James Peale; Abraham 
George Claypoole (1756-1827), oflEtcer in the Pennsylvania Line, and an 
original member of the Pennsylvania Society of the Cincinnati, married, 
first, Elizabeth Popplewell Falconer, second, Elizabeth Steele; a number 
of his descendants reached distinction; David Chambers Claypoole, 
Lieutenant in the Pennsylvania Militia during the Revolution; member in 
the First Troop Philadelphia Cavalry and participated in the Whiskey 
Insurrection and the Fries Rebellion, was also a leading journalist, 
being one of the proprietors of the Pennsylvania Paclcet and Daily Ad- 
vertiser, later Poulson's Daily Advertiser and now The North American. 
It was in this paper that Washington 's ' ' Farewell Address ' ' first ap- 
peared, the original manuscript in Washington's handwriting having 
been presented to Mr. Claypoole by the President. 

4a Jay Cooke born in Sandusky, Ohio, August 10, 1821, son of the Hon. 
Eleutheros Cooke, lawyer and member of Congress from 1831 to 1833. 
Cooke entered the banking house of E. W. Clark & Co., Philadelphia, in 
1839, became a partner in 1842 and retired in January, 1858. For three 
years he negotiated railway securities on his own account. While he was 
with the firm of E. W. Clark & Co., they sold a large portion of the 
government loans to carry on the Mexican War, and this experience no 
doubt served to prepare Mr. Cooke for the greater work of floating the 
loan required for prosecuting the War for the Union. January 1, 1861, 
Mr. Cooke resumed the banking business with William G. Moorhead, and 
Hugh McCulloch, afterwards Secretary of the Treasury, having branch 
houses in New York, Washington and London. This continued until the 
panic of 1873 when the firm suspended. Mr. Cooke subsequently re- 
turned to business and completely restored his fortune. Mr. Cooke's 
reputation and place in history rests upon his work of successfully negoti- 
ating the government war loans. At the outbreak of hostilities in 1861 
the national treasury was empty, and the public credit so low that 

270 



fLifit ot l?f0ttgttun 



Cox, James 1852-56 

Cummings, William 1837-72 

Curtis, John H 1827-28 

Cuthbert, Thomas^ 1763 

Darlington, Joseph G 1867 

Davies, Samuel N 1852-55 

it could only borrow money at the rate of twelve per cent, per an- 
num. The enormous demands of the war immediately dwarfed into 
insignificance all previous American experiences, and all ordinary in- 
strumentalities in the way of raising money. The needs of the treasury 
for military erpenditure speedily reached one million dollars daily, and 
before the end came, with an army of a million men in the field, the 
demand reached the colossal volume of three million dollars every twenty- 
four hours. Each successive Secretary of the Treasury — Chase, Fessenden, 
McCulloeh — first exhausted all known means for selling the war loans 
directly by the government and through the cooperation of the national 
banking system which had been devised largely as an aid to the govern- 
ment finances; but each in succession was compelled by failure to call 
Mr. Cooke to his side, and to him, as sole fiscal agent of the government, 
was intrusted the direct responsibility of providing the money for carry- 
ing forward to a victorious issue the then greatest war of history. All 
competent writers on the War for the Union, both American and foreign, 
agree that the signal and sustained ability with which the financial 
credit of the nation was built up and maintained in the midst of the 
war, and with which the money-raising power of the people was stimu- 
lated, guided, and upheld, was not second as a factor in military success 
to the skill of generals and the courage of troops in the field. General 
Grant expressed this common conviction when, at the close of the war, he 
sent from City Point to Mr. Cooke, with his thanks, the assurance that to 
his efforts the nation was largely indebted for the means that had rendered 
military success possible. The loans negotiated by Mr. Cooke, chiefly 
through an enthusiastic, confident, persistent and skilful appeal to the 
patriotism of the people, reached an aggregate of two thousand million 
dollars, and the compensation for this service, an average of three-eighths 
of one per cent., out of which came all expenses and commissions to sub- 
agents, left to the fiscal agent as a reward little besides the prestige and 
satisfaction of a great success in support of a noble cause. 

5 Thomas Cuthbert, born in England, 1713, died in Philadelphia Jan. 
11, 1781, and interred in Christ Church grounds, was a member of the 
Philadelphia Committee of Correspondence in 1775 and a delegate to the 
Provincial Convention of January, 1775; later a vestryman of Christ 
Church. He married May 19, 1744, Ann, daughter of Anthony and 
Elizabeth Wilkinson, and had issue, through whom he became the ancestor 
of many eminent Philadelphians, 

271 



^mov]f of fet paurj* (Cjpiieicopal C^utcS 



Deacon, Gilbert 1764r-70 

Delavau, Joseph 1795-99 

Dougherty, James 1783 

Dowers, John 1794r-99; 1806-7 

Doz, Andrew 1762-64, 1783 

Duffield, Abraham 1799-1800 

Dunlap, William 1764-66 

Dupuy, Daniel« 1764-7; 1771 

Durborow, C. B 1852-61 

Emes, Worsley7 1792-1800 

Emory, Charles 1856-59 

Farr, James M 1860-64 

Farr, John 1824-28 

Farr, William A 1871-2; 1874r-76 

Fearon, Joseph 1800-1809 

Fenton, Eleazer 1852-1876 

Fitzgerald, Robert 1805 

Fitzrandolph, Isaac 1795-98; 1800-3 

Fleeson, Plunket 1762-69 ; 1773-74, 1783 

Ford, Philip 1874-76 

Greorge, John D 1827-31 

George, John D 1835-63 

George, R. S. H 1852-69 

Glentworth, George 1774; 1783 

Glentworth, Peter Sonmans 1793 

Glentworth, Plunket Fleeson 1792; 1801-19 

Godfrey, John W 1799-1802 

Goodman, Walter 1762-3 

Goodwin, George 1764-74; 1783; 1792-4 

Gowen, James'^* 1828 

6 Son of Dr. John Ihipuy, was a noted gold and silversmith ; died at his 
residence "Clover Hill," near Gray's Ferry, Aug. 30, 1807, aged eighty- 
eight years, four months; buried in Christ Church grounds. 

7 Captain of Pennsylvania Artillery, Continental Line, and original 
member of the Pennsylvania Society of the Cincinnati. 

7a James Gowen was a grocer at the southeast corner of Third and 
Dock Streets in 1823 and the site of his store between the Philadelphia 
Exchange and Dock Street, still remains. Later he purchased the farm of 
Chief Justice William Allen at Mt. Airy. He had two sons, both distin- 
guished members of the Philadelphia Bar. Franklin B. Gowen, born 
February 9, 1836, died December 14, 1889, who was elected President of 
the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Company in 1870, which position he 

272 



%i0t ot i^t0tt^mm 



Graham, Thomas 1871-6 

Graham, William 1783 

Green, Edward A 1868 

Groves, John 1803^ 

Gurling, Abram 1799-1800 

Hall, David 1772-74 

Hall, PaiTy 1793 

Holland, Nathaniel 1822; 1824-31 

Hollingsworth, Heniy 1820; 1822-27 

Hollingsworth, Levi* 1792, 1794; 1801-19 

Holman, Andrew Jackson 1868-76 

Holson, Charles 1873 

Hook, John 1796-1809 

held until he resigned in 1884. He was not only a lawyer of great ability, 
but as a financier and railroad manager, Mr. Gowen stands preeminent 
among his cotemporaries. He destroyed the Molly Maguires in the 
Schuylkill County coal region in 1876. He also took a prominent part in 
and helped to form the Pennsylvania Constitution of 1872. His brother, 
James Gowen, was among the leaders of the Philadelphia Bar for many 
years, and was regarded as an authority upon corporation law. His son, 
Francis I. Gowen, General Counsel of the Pennsylvania Kailroad Com- 
pany, ably maintains the reputation of his family at the Philadelphia 
Bar today. 

8 Levi Hollingsworth, son of Judge Zebulon Hollingsworth, of Cecil 
County, Md., by his first wife, Ann Mauldin, was born at Elkton, Nov. 
29, 1739. In or about 1760, he established himself in Philadelphia, where 
he died Mar. 24, 1824, having become not only a successful merchant 
but an aggressive man of affairs; was a founder and later first quarter- 
master of the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry, a member of the 
Schuylkill Fishing Company and of the Gloucester Fox Hunting Club, 
of notable usefulness during the yellow fever epidemic of 1793, and one 
of the leaders of the Federal party. He married Hannah, daughter of 
Stephen PaschaU and had eight children, of whom but three lived to 
maturity and marriage, viz., PaschaU Hollingsworth, who married Mary, 
daughter of James Wilson, a signer of the Declaration of Independence; 
Mary Hollingsworth, who became the wife of Israel Wistar Morris and 
has many descendants who have been and are leaders in their respective 
fields of usefulness; Henry Hollingsworth, the St. Paul's vestryman, suc- 
cessful merchant and first treasurer of the Western Savings Fund, 
married Sarah, daughter of Joshua Humphreys, the famous Philadelphia 
shipbuilder and the actual father of the American navy; among his 
descendants may be mentioned the Hon. Hampton Lawrence Carson 
of Philadelphia, formerly Attorney General of Pennsylvania. 

19 273 



Howard, John 1764-1771 

Jackson, William 1774 

Johnson, John 1796-98 

Johnson, Richard 1799-1803; 1813-16 

Johnson, Richard 1818-22 ; 1825 ; 1827-28 

Jones, Blathwaite 1763-71 

Josiah, Emanuel 1764^74 

Keble, John 1783; 1792-94, 1803 

Keen, Mathias Valentine 1795-1804 

Kennedy, William 1869-72; 1874r-76 

Kerr, Walter 1813-16 

Kimmey, Henry M 1852-65 

King, James, Jr 1814-18 

King, Robert Pennick" 1852-53 ; 1868 

Kirkham, Charles 1794-1807 

Kirkham, William 1820-24 

Knowles, John 1762-64 

Lane, William 1797-1800 

Latimer, Thomas 1863-76 

Leech, Thomas 1764^74 

Leevers, Robert 1769-70 

9 Eobert Penniek King, born in Philadelphia, April 2, 1805, died there 
in October, 1867, his funeral sermon being preached in St. Paul 's Churcli, 
Sunday evening, October 18, of that year, by the Eev. E. Heber Newton. 
Mr. King was the senior partner of the firm of King and Baird, English 
and German Book and Job Printers, No. 9 Sansom Street. The firm 
possessed rare facilities for printing in foreign languages and issued a 
hymn book in Cherokee, numerous works in Swedish, some in Norwegian, 
a stereotyped Episcopal prayer book in the Grebo language and a dic- 
tionary of the Grebo dialects. It also published numberless almanacs, 
the Banner of the Cross, a weekly Episcopal newspaper, the Legal In- 
telligencer and Episcopal Prayer Books, "at lower prices than they can 
be purchased elsewhere." At the time of his decease Mr. King was 
president of the Philadelphia Fire Insurance Company, the Sullivan 
County Land Company, the N orris Park Gold Mining Company of Colo- 
rado, the board of managers of the Mt. Moriah Cemetery Association, 
a director in the Union Pacific Eailroad Company, was Past Master of 
Franklin Lodge, No. 134, and for eighteen years a member of the Grand 
Lodge Free and Accepted Masons of Pennsylvania. Daniel J. King was 
also a member of the firm. His son, Leroy N. King, is a well known mem- 
ber of the Philadelphia bar. 

274 



fli0t of W0ttismtn 



Lohra, Johiii" 1820-25 

Loper, Richard Fanning 1856-68 I 

MeClenaehan, Blair 1774, 1783.i 

Masden, Richard 1826 

Matthews, James, Jr 1810-12 

Matthews, John 1795-1828 

Moore, John 1795-1807 

Moyes, James 1793^; 1801; 1823-28 

Moyes, John 1764-69, 1772 

Musgrave, James 1805-15 

Nelson, George 1783 ; 1792-95 

Norman, Joseph 1812, 1816, 1818, 1820 

North, Richard 1793-98, 1805-13, 1817-28 

Odenheimer, John W.^^ 1827-31 

Ord, George 1792 

Ord, Johniia 1762-3, 1783 

Palmer, John 1762-71, 1773-4 

Pahner, John Bankson 1805-13, 1815, 1818 

Palmer, Thomas 1804-5, 1807-18 

Parker, Matthew 1792-3 

Paul, William 1797-8 

Payne, James 1764-70 

Pechin, Christopher 1771-74 

Pechin, John 1814-22, 1824-28 

Penrose, Samuel 1783 

Perry, James 1873 

Phile, John 1814-19 

Pidgeon, David 1825-26 

Potter, George W 1866-69 

10 John Lohra, born Philadelphia, Nov. 26, 1759 ; died at his home, 
Spruce Street above Sixth Street, 222 old number, Aug. 27, 1834, was a 
Eevolutionary soklier in Philadelphia Company of Foot, under Capt. 
Ezekiel Letts, 1777, and sTibsequently many years an iron merchant, of 
the firm Lohra and Carlisle; a pew holder at St. Paul's from about 
1800; married Sept. 2, 1790, Mary, daughter of John Knorr; of his 
children Catharine Souclc Lohra, married James L. Franeine and Sarah 
Ann Lohra, married Thomas Hardy AUen. 

11 John W. Odenheimer, father of the Et. Kev. William Henry Oden- 
heimer, D.D., bishop of New Jersey. 

iia Justice of the Peace for Mulberry Ward of City of Philadelphia 
1777. Took the oath of Allegiance of Francis Hopkinson. Scharf & 
Westcott. Vol. I, p. 338. 

275 



^igftotg of ^t paur0 Cpisicopal Cgutcf) 

Poyntell, William^^ -Ljg^ 

Pullin, Robert 1826-27 

RandoliDb, Benjamin 1764-67 

Randolph, Isaac 1794 

Read, John 1764^67, 1769 

Renshaw, Richard 1770-74, 1783, 1792-4 

Renshaw, Richard, Jr.^^ 1820-31 

Rhinehard, Martin 1865 

Riley, John 1804-10 

Robbins, John 1808-18 

Robbing, Samuel, Jr 1818-22 

Robinson, Daniel 1768-71 

Robinson, Samuel 1796-1805, 1821-23 

Robinson, William 1828 

Ross, John 1762-3, 1774 

Rowley, Edward 1799, 1818-19 

Sadler, Matthias 1792-94 

Savidge, John 1796 

Shea, Walter 1762-63 

Shute, William 1762-3, 1770-1, 1773-74 

Smethurst, Richard 1866 

Smith, William 1764-66, 1768 

Standley, William" 1765-67, 1770, 1774 

Stanley, Norris 1824-26, 1828-1847 

Stanley, William 1766-69, 1771, 1773 

Stevenson, Cornelius 1816-1820, 1822 

12 William Poyntell, Esq., born Oxfordshire, England, Mar. 23, 1756, 
died Sept. 10, 1811, was at his death, vestryman of the United Churches 
of Christ Church and St. Peter's, and was buried in the churchyard of 
the latter. He was * ' distinguished as an honorable and useful citizen 
of Philadelphia for more than forty years. ' ' 

13 Richard Renshaw, Jr., was a justice of the peace and notary public 
and resided 302 South Second Street, 1823. 

14 William Standley in his will of June 11, 1807, described himself as 
far advanced in years, and made bequests to grandchildren, William, 
Richard and Hugh, children of his late son, Richard Standley, deceased ; 
to Maria and Sarah, children of Michael and Margaret Slyhoof; to 
daughter Sarah Twells, and to grandchildren Godfrey and Elizabeth 
Twells, and friends, the Rev. Joseph Pilmore and Lawrence Seckle. He 
married at Christ Church, Sept. 17, 1748, Elizabeth Fulton, who died 
Feby. 10, 1793. He died Aug. 9, 1807, in his eighty-second year and was 
buried in Christ Church grounds. 

276 



Eigit ot m^tt^mtn 



Stevenson, James 1762 

Stevenson, William 1792-96, 1801-04 

Stewart, Aaron 1795-98 

Stewart, Samuel M 1827-28 

Stiles, Thomas T 1814-5, 1817-25, 1828 

Stockton, Charles 1826 

Stoddard, John 1806-10 

Stotesbury, Arthur 1810-21 

Stotesbury, Richard G.^^ 1840-76 

Stretch, Isaac 1764-68 

Sturgis, Peter 1808-09 

Swanwick, John^e 1792-93 

Taylor, James N .1800-02, 1804 

Thackara, Samuel 1819-27 

Thomas, John W.^^ 1836-70 

isEichard G. Stotesbury, father of James M. Stotesbury of the 
Stotesbury and Leeds Kubber Company of Chester, Penna., and of Mary 
Ann Stotesbury, who married Lewis Crozer of Uplands, Delaware 
County, Pennsylvania. See also Appendix F, pages 219, 220. 

16 ' ' John Swanwick, late member of Congress, was buried at St. Peter 's 
Church, Aug. 2, 1798," records Jacob Hiltzheimer. He was aged fifty- 
eight years and had for a long time been the junior partner of Willing, 
Morris and Swanwick, 

17 George Clifford Thomas, banker, philanthropist and churchman, 
born October 28, 1839, died April 21, 1909, was a vestryman in fact, for 
many years, if not in name. His father, John W. Thomas, one of Phila- 
delphia's most prominent merchants, was a vestryman over thirty-six 
years, and for twenty years accounting warden of Old St. Paul's. The 
son was a graduate of the Episcopal Academy. He commenced business 
with his father, was subsequently employed by Jay Cooke & Company, 
and in 1862 became a member of that firm. 

In 1863, and throughout the period of the Civil War, when the great 
financial operations of the government were conducted by the firm, George 
C. Thomas was one of its active partners. He took a prominent part in 
the work accomplished by the firm, which strengthened the finances of 
the government so that it was enabled to carry on with success a war 
which cost from $300,000,000 to $800,000,000 a year. The great part 
which Jay Cooke & Co. took in popularizing the government loans has 
never been fully told. Mr. Thomas was actively instrumental with Mr. 
Cooke in promoting and carrying on the largest and most successful 
money operations that any government had ever undertaken to that time. 

Upon the failure of the firm of Jay Cooke & Co. in September, 1873, 
Mr. Thomas for several months was compelled to give his personal 

277 



l^ijStorp of &t paurgi d^pisicopal CfjurcS 

Thomson, Edward 1806-13 

Thomson, Jacob 1805-00 



attention to the work of straightening out the firm 's affairs. Undaunted 
by his experience, he began business anew before the close of the same 
year. With the late Joseph M. Shoemaker, he established the firm of 
Thomas & Shoemaker, which in a few years gained influential clientage. 

It was not long before Mr. Thomas repaired his fortune in his new 
business, and in 1883 he was invited by Anthony J. Drexel to become 
a partner in his firm. Since that time there have been few large finan- 
cial transactions in this city in which Mr. Thomas has not figured. He 
was concerned in the Beading and Northern Pacific reorganizations and 
all the big operations of the Drexel and Morgan firms before his retire- 
ment. For twenty-one years he was among the first of Philadelphia's 
international bankers. Because of ill health he retired from business 
in January, 1905. 

He married Miss Ada E. Moorhead, daughter of J. Barlow Moorhead, 
a prominent ironmaster, who, since her husband's death, has without 
ostentation helped in a substantial manner the church, as well as the 
many religious activities with which Mr. Thomas was connected. Por 
many years Mr. Thomas was superintendent of the Holy Apostles Mission. 
His private library included many rare books, among them almost every 
known early rare edition of the Bible. One is the volume with which 
the English Bible began its history. It is the first complete English 
Bible, printed at Antwerp in 1535, by Miles Coverdale, and with it is 
Tyndale's New Testament, printed at Worms, and the first sheets of an 
issue of the Bible authorized by Thomas Cromwell, and printed in Paris. 
Also the first Bible printed in America, the Eliot Indian Bible, with the 
New Testament. This is the Ives copy, and one of the very few perfect 
ones in existence. Near this rarity is the primer of Henry VIII, the 
Appleton copy; Queen Elizabeth's prayer-book and the later primer, 
and a prayer-book used by Martha Washington, and having on its fly- 
leaf an inscription from her declaring this. The famous Mark Baskett 
Bible, over which scholars disputed for years, is also in the Thomas 
library. 

His collection of autographs is also notable. It includes the original 
libretto of Die Meistersinger, penned in the small, cramped hand of 
Eichard Wagner. It also includes the major part of the autographs of 
the signers of the Declaration of Independence, the originals of Grant's 
dispatches announcing Lee's surrender, and the letters of Lincoln to 
General Hooker. These autographs are in volumes, carefully classified, 
and include those from the hands of every sovereign of England. All 
the sovereigns of France are represented, as well as many of the world's 
famous musicians and artists, and many men of letters. An expense 
account of Marie Antoinette challenges a piquant interest, since its items 

278 



%i0t ot i^t&tt^nxtn 



Thompson, Richard 1792-96 

Towers, Robert 1762-73 

Towne, Benjamin 1783 

Toy, John 1818-21 

Turner, John 1810-11, 1818, 1820, 1822 

Turner, Joseph 1772-73, 1783 

Twells, Godfreyis 1794-99 

Vallance, John 1804-15, 1819-20 

Van Dusen, Joseph B 1852-54 

Wallace, William 1828 

Weaver, Matthew 1795-1807 

West, Collins 1862-1876 

West, Thomas 1770 

Wharton, John 1816-20, 1822-26 

are most amazingly frank and equally as extravagant. In the autographs 
of musicians are those of Beethoven, Gluek, Handel, Hayden, Wagner, 
Jenny Lind, Schubert and Mozart. 

The patriotic appeal is in the twelve letters of George Washington, 
among which is his letter to Clinton announcing the Treaty of Peace, 
and the letters of William Penn, which fully describe the last hours of 
Charles II, and Penn's dealings with the Indians. Another document of 
great historical import is Eobert E. Lee's letter surrendering his com- 
mission in the Army of the United States at the outbreak of the Civil 
War. Of similar appeal is the letter written by Jefferson Davis, as 
Secretary of War, promoting U. S. Grant to the rank of captain in the 
Fourth United States Infantry, August 9, 1853. 

At the time of his death Mr. Thomas was a member of the Stock 
Exchange, director of the Farmers' and Mechanics' National Bank, and 
the Pennsylvania Company for Insurances on Lives and Granting An- 
nuities, manager of the Philadelphia Saving Fund Society and active in 
various other financial institutions. He was a member of the Union 
League, Art, Corinthian Yacht, Merion Cricket, Germantown Cricket, 
Philadelphia County, Eacquet and Church clubs. 

18 Godfrey Twells, of Eoyston, Cambridgeshire, England, died at 
Philadelphia, Jan. 19, 1802, in fifty-ninth year. His wife, Sarah, 
daughter of William Standley, born Apr. 23, 1752 died July 13, 1829, 
and was buried beside him in Christ Church grounds. A member of the 
firm of Hare and Twells, brewers at Callowhill and New Market Streets, 
both he and his partner, Eobert Hare, founder of the family of his 
surname in Philadelphia, were early members of the First Troop, Phila- 
delphia City Cavalry. The children who survived him were: Elizabeth, 
who married Dr. Edward Lowber, Godfrey, Standley, Edward, who 
married Sarah Wharton Chancellor, and Eichard. 

279 



^i<itotif of &t paur-s (Cpijsfcopal CJutcS 



White, John 1821-22 

White, Joseph 1824^26 

Wilkinson, John 1768-71 

Williams, John 1764-67, 1769 

Wilmer, Lambert 1772-73 

Wiltberger, Christian 1800-20, 1822, 1828 

Wood, John 1767-74, 1792-93 

Wood, Thomas 1811-13 

Wright, Thomas 1796-98, 1802-04, 1808-09 

Young, John 1762-74, 1783 

Young, John, Jr 1771-74 

Young, Samuel 1794-95 

Young, Thomas 1822-26 




280 




INDEX TO SUBJECTS. 



Abraham, Father, his Almanack, Alexander, Eicbardj notice of, 119, 



ref. to, 78 
Acrelius, "History of New 

Sweden," ref. to, 27 
Act, an, incorporating St. Paul's 

Church, 198 seq. 
Adams, John, his diary, ref. to, 29 
John, mention of, 118 
John, letter to wife^ 94 
Adamson, Rev. Wm. S., rectorship 
of 176, 177 
Rev. Wm., portrait of, facing 
p. 176 
Advent Church, 5th and Button- 
wood, mentioned, 147 
Agnew, Daniel, on Sacredne?s of 

Burial Grounds, 13-15 
Agreement, Articles of, 194 seq. 
Articles of, full text of. Ap- 
pendix A, 194 seq. 
Article of, Signers to, 29-34 
by whom prepared, 47 
ref. to, 63, 87 
Alexander, Jas., mention of, 3, 149 
James, account of, 254, 255 
Rachel Craven, notice of, 254 
AVm., notice of, 254 
Richard, notice of, 254 
John C, notice of 254 
Emily Richardet, notice of, 

254 
Rachael Francis, note on, 149 
Richard, mention of, 3 



149, 163 
Richard, portrait of, facing p, 

149 
Wm., in re prayer meetings at 

St. Paul's, 147 
Richard J., notice of, 149 
Alexandria Theological Seminary, 

mentioned, 143 
Alkin, Rev., his charity sermon at 

St. Paul's, 85 
Rev., preaches at Christ 

Church and St. Peters, 85 
Allen, Rev. Benjamin, Jr., note on, 

120 
Rev. Benjamin, rectorship of, 

125-134 
Rev. Benjamin, portrait of, 

facing p. 125 
Rev. Benjamin, his Sunday 

school and missionary work, 

129 
Rev. Benjamin, appointed 

Public School director, 129 
Rev. Benjamin, becomes Mas- 
ter Mason, 131 
Rev. Benjamin, publications 

of, 132, 133 
Rev. Thos. G., note on, 128, 

131 
Rev. Thos. G., "Memoir of 

the Rev. Benjamin Allen," 

ref. to, 131 



281 



Snliex to ^ubiectiS. 



Allen, Harriet Swift, note on, 133 
Thos. Hardy, note on, 275 
Sarah Ann Lohra, note on, 

275 
Wm., note on, 272 
Allison, Joseph, opinion in re re- 
moval ot interred, 10 
All Saints', Lower Dublin, men- 
tion, 115, 121 
Saints ', PhiladelpMa, men- 
tioned, 177 
Souls', New York, mentioned, 
163 
America, Patriotic Order Sons of, 

ref. to, 22 
American Church Missionary Soc, 
mentioned, 135 
Church, Geneva, mentioned, 

176 
Episcopal Church, formation 
of, in relation to St. Paul's, 
63 
Episcopal Church, liturgy of, 

ref. to, 181 
Philosophical Soc, mentioned, 

199 
Philosophical Society, ref. to, 

30, 33, 101, 159 
Sunday-School Union, men- 
tioned, 130, 131. 139, 166, 
171 
American Law Times, ref. to, 12 
Anderson, "Hist, of the English 
Church in the Colonies," 
ref. to, 57 
Anderson 's ' ' Colonial Church, ' ' 

ref. to, 28 
Andre, Major, his "Cowchase, " 

ref. to, 93 
Apostles' preaching, ref. to, 85 
Appleton's "Cyclopaedia of Am. 

Biog.," ref. to, 97, 113 
Asbury, Eev. Francis, mention of, 
56, 114 
Eev. Francis, opinion of, on 
Dr. Magaw, 98 



Ascension, Church of the, ref. to, 
286 
Church of the, location of, 3 
Church of the, Brooklyn, men- 
tioned, 179 
Assembly, Acts of, in re Burial 
Grounds, 12, 13 
Act of, as to Ee-interment, 17, 

18, 189 
Act of, as to State House title, 

29, 30 
of Pa., ref. to, 30, 36, 198 
seq., 40, 67 
"Associated Battery," where lo- 
cated, 40 
Associators, Second Company of, 
mentioned, 239 
Capt. Chas. Willing 's Co. of 
Penna., mentioned, 270 
Atonement Church, mentioned, 147, 

158, 159, 160, 168 
Autographs, notable, in the 
Thomas Collection, 278, 279 
Ayres, "Life of Br. John P. 
Muhlenberg," ref. to, 95 

Bainbridge, Commodore, mention 
of, 231 

Baker, Col". John, mention of, 111 
"Wm. S., notice of, 62 
Eliza D., notice of, 62 

Bankson, Andrew, account of, 32 
Jacob, notice of, 32 
Sarah AUen, notice of, 32 
John, notice of, 32 
John P., note on, 122, 164, 
166, 170 

Baptists, ref. to, 50, 57, 84 

Barnes, Eev. Dr. Albert, mention 
of, 60 

Barratt, Jas., Jr., account of, 220 
Mary Irvine, account of, 220 
Norris Stanley, notice of, 

255, 286 
James, note on, 255 
Mary Irvine, mention of, 4 



282 



J^i&totv ot §)t ^auV0 CEpigicopal Ci^utcl, 



Barratt, Xorris Stanley, ancestors 
of, ref. to, 98 
Xorris Stanley, ' ' Barratt 's 

Chapel," ref. to, 98 
Philip, notice of, 27 
Philip, Jr., notice of, 27 
Barratt 's Chapel, mention of, 28, 
114, 115, 220 
Chapel, Dr. Magaw adminis- 
ters sacraments there, 98 
Barratt-Sachse, ' ' Freemasonry in 
Pennsylvania," ref. to, 90, 
93, 105, 110 
Barrett, Capt. Eiehard, his Com- 
pany of Guards, mentioned, 
3i " 
Capt. Richard, ref. to, 254 
Barry, Commodore, mention of, 

231 
Bates. John, mention of, 36 
Baynton, John, account of, 30 
John, mention of, 42, 101 
John, Jr., note on, 30 
Peter, note on, 30 
Beach, Edmund, notice of, 33, 34 
Beardsley's "Life of Seabury," 

ref. to, 56 
Beck, Paul, mention of, 101 

Paul, notice of, 158 
Bedell, Rev. Dr. Gregory T., no- 
tice of, 127, 129, 131, 139 
Beethoven, autograph of, ref. to, 

279 
Bell, Robert, printing house of, ref. 

to, 101 
Bend, Rev. Joseph, mention of, 

112 
Benezet, Daniel, note on, 124 

Elizabeth Xorth, note on, 124 
Major Jas., account of, 31 
Ann HaseU, notice of, 31 
Capt. Samuel, note on, 31 
James, note on, 269 
Philip, note on, 269 
Benson, Rev, Dr. Louis P., "The 
English Hymn, Its Develop- 



ment and use in "Worship," 

ref. to, 140 
Bergen Xeck expedition, ref. to, 

93 
Berkeley Divinity School, men- 
tioned, 179 
Bible, early and rare editions of, 

referred to, 278 
Bniingsport, fortifications at, 23, 

92 
Binney, Horace, Jr., mention of, 

231 
Boardman, Richard, mention of, 

114 
Bodies and Monuments, removal 

of, 10, 11 
Bond, Capt., his Company, ref. to, 

30 
Bonham, Ephraim, account of, 31 
Boston City Guards, mention of, 

137 
Boston Post Boy, in ref. to Rev. 

Wm. McClenaehan, 66 
Bowman, Capt. Samuel, mention 

of, 144 
Eleanor Ledlie, mention of, 

144 
Rt. Rev. Samuel, mention of, 

144 
Boyer, Rev. Dr. Samuel H., rector- 
ship of, 175, 176 
Rev. Dr. Samuel H., portrait 

of, facing p. 175 
Bradford, Samuel F., note on, 122 
Braidfoot, Rev, mention of, 95 
Brandywine, Battle of, ref. to, oQ 

67, 92, 99, 199 
Bray, Dr., " Visitations," ref. to, 

27 
Brown, Andrew, sad fate of, ref. 

to. 111 
Mr. Justice, opinion in re 

Pearsall r. Great Northern 

R. R. Co., 9 
Brumbaugh, Martin G., veto of, in 



283 



3nlie;E to ^ubitct^. 



re removal of bodies, 192, 
193 
Bulletin, PMladelphia Evening, 

the, quoted, 156, 157 
Bullock, Joseph, account of, 200 

Joseph, mention of, 36 
Burial Grounds, Acts of Assembly 
in re, 12, 13 
Grounds, Sacredness of, 13-15 
Places, excepted from being 

appropriated, 13 
Places safeguarded, 18 
lot, owner of, not entitled to 

compensation, 11 
and Eemoval of Bodies, Legal 
Opinions on, 12 
Burnet's "History of the Eefor- 

mation," ref. to, 126, 133 
Burnett, Mrs. Frances H., quoted, 

151 
Byrd, Col. Wm., second, ref. to, 
48, 49 

Cadwalader, Gen. John, notice of, 
118 

Calvary Church, mentioned, 169, 
177 

Calvinist Church, Germantown, ref. 
to, 80 

Campbell, John, mention of, 36 
John, notice of, 199 
Capt. Thos., note on, 31 

Cannon, Ann, notice of, 240 

Carey's "Short Account of the 
Malignant Fever, Lately 
Prevalent in Philadelphia," 
ref. to, 116 

Carpenter's Company, The, men- 
tioned, 228 
Company, ref. to, 22 
Hall', ref. to, 49 

Carson, Hampton Lawrence, note 
on, 273 

Cathedra, The, picture of, facing 
p. 123 

Cathedral Cemetery, ref. to, 15 



Centennial Anniversary, St. Paul's, 
Eev. Dr. Richard Newton 
on, 63, 64 
Chad's Ford, ref. to, 22 
Chain Carriers, their duty, 41 
Chambers, Eev. John, mention of, 

60 
Chancellor, Sarah Wharton, men- 
tion of, 279 
Charles I., mention of, 49 

IL, last hours of, ref. to, 279 
II., his Charter to Penn, ref. 
to, 27 
Charlton, Thos., note on, 33 
Chase, mention of, 271 
Chevaux-de-frise, ref. to, 23, 92 
Childs, Allen, notice of, 131 

Eev. Dr. John A., note on, 131 

Christ Church, mention of, 7, 9, 30, 

31, 32, 33, 34, 41, 44, 45, 46, 

47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 67, 70, 

74, 82, 83, 85, 105, 106, 111, 

124, 131, 136, 143, 147, 179, 

194, 214, 215, 269, 271, 272, 

276, 279 

Church, beginning of, 25 

Church, united with St. 

Peter's, 26, 51 
Church, "Year Book and Ee- 
membrances of," ref. to, 27 
Church, in relation to St. 

Paul's, 28 
Church, illustr. of, facing p. 

29 
Church, Dr. Magaw's sermon 

at, 99, 100 
Church, first Gen'l Convention 

meets at, 103 
Church, do, 2d Gen'l Conv., 

104 
Church, 1st ordination at, 104 
Church, Brooklyn, mentioned, 

158, 160 
Church, Cincinnati, O., men- 
tioned, 158 



284 



l^igftorp 0t §»t paursi episcopal CJurc^. 



Christ Church, Dover, Del., ref. to, 
79, 97, 98, 100 
Church, Glendale, 0., men- 
tioned, 175 
Church, Mispillion, ref. to, 98 
Church, Monticello, Fla., men- 
tioned, 175 
Church, New York City, men- 
tioned, 116 
Church, Pottstown, mentioned, 

168 
Church, Shrewsbury, N. J., 

mentioned, 175 
Church, Eeading, Pa., men- 
tioned, 141 
Eiverton, N. J., mentioned, 

174 
Church, Upper Merlon, ref. to, 

26 
Church, Xenia, 0., mentioned, 
175 
Christian Street Hospital, men- 
tioned, 171 
Church and State, the latter must 
exercise its control some- 
times in matters of the 
former, 63 
and State, union of, no longer 
tolerated, 92, 115 
Churchman, The, ref. to, 74 
Chiirch Missionary House, ref. to, 

131, 132 
Churchmen, "good, harsh meas- 
ures would never make, ' ' 83 
distinguished American, 91 
Cincinnati, Society of the, men- 
tioned, 246, 270, 272, 286 
Society of the, appeal of, 8 
Pa. Soc. of the, ref. to, 21, 
22, 32, 99 
Oincinnatus, the illustrious, of our 
lage, Washington, ref. to, 
100 
Citizens Volunteer Hosp., men- 
tioned, 171 
City Alms House, ref. to, 51 



City Hall or State House Square, 
ref. to, 40 
Hall, Broad and Market Sts., 

ref. to, 95 
Mission, Diocesan House for 

the, ref. to, 286 
Troop, monument of, to Capt. 

€has. Eoss, 15 
Troop, ref. to, 424 
Civil War, ref. to, 167 
Civil War, ref. to, 167, 270, 271, 

277, 279 
Clark, E. W., & Co., mention of, 

270 
Clarkson, Joseph, admitted to 

diaconate, 104 
Claxton, John, note on, 270 
Claypoole, James, account of, 270 
Eebecca White, note, 270 
Mary Chambers, note, 270 
Elizabeth, note, 270 
Mary, note, 270 
Abraham George, note, 270 
Elizabeth P. Falconer, note, 

270 
Elizabeth Steele, note, 270 
David Chambers, note, 270 
Clayton, Eev. Thos., sent to Phila., 
26 
his strange epithet, 27 
where he died, 28 
Clergy, position of, at the breaking 
out of the Eevolution, 90 
seq. 
Eoyalist, sufferings of, in- 
tense, 94, 97 
Clergymen, poor, aided, 171 
Clinton, letter to, by Washington, 

ref. to, 279 
Coats, John, note on, 33 

Sarah Penrose, note on, 33 
Coit, Eev. Dr. Henry A., notice of, 
168 
Mary B. Wheeler, notice of, 
168 



285 



3intie% to fe>utJi«t0. 



Coke, Eev. Dr. Thos., mention of, Conrad, Eev. Dr. Thos. K., rector- 

98, 114 ship of, 177, 178 

Et. Eev., proposes conference, Eev. Dr., portrait of, facing 

56 p. 179 

Colket, C. Howard, mention of, 234 Consecrated Places City's greatest 

College of Philadelphia, mentioned, Asset, 20 

29, 45, 47, 52 Continental Congress, ref. to, 22, 



Colonial Churches, Grants of the 

Crown to, 9 
Churches, no confirmations in, 

54 
architecture, ref. to, 136 
Dames, Societies of, in Pa., 

ref. to, 22 
Dames of America, mention 

of, 286 
settlers, ref. to, 91 seq. 
Society, mention of, 223, 228, 

234, 244, 286 
Society, officers and members 

of the, 281-284 



49, 67, 78 
Congress appoints day of fast- 
ing and prayer, 91 
Congress leaves State House, 

93 
Congress, resolution of, in ref. 

to Washington 's birthday, 

110 
Cooke, Jay, notice of, 44, 172, 270, 

271 
Jay, letter of, to Eev. Dr. 

Eichard Newton, 152, 153 
Jay, account of, 270, '271, 277 



Eleutheros, mention of, 270 
Society, publications of the, Cookman, Eev. Geo., mention of, 

285, 286 60 

Society of Pa., ref. to, 21, 49, Coombe, Eev. Thos., mention of, 91 



101 

Society, Swedish, mentioned, 

285 
Wars, Soc. of, in Pa., ref. to, 
22, 67 
Columbia College, N. Y., men- 
tioned, 142 
Commercial Exchange Ass'n, men- 
tioned, 163 
Common Pleas, Court of, in re "Re- 
movals, 17, 19 
Pleas, Court of, ref. to, 30, 
170, 181, 185, 189 
Compton, Henry, Bishop of Lon- Coyle, Capt. John, mention of. 111 
don, mention of, 26 Cromwell, Thomas, mention of, 278 

his foresight, 27 Crozer, Lewis, notice of, 277 

Congregational Church, ref. to, 57, Mary A. Stotesbury, notice of, 

176 277 

Congress of Eeligion, ref. to, 172 Cummings, Emily E. Alexander, 
Connecticut, Laws of, ref. to, 59 notice of, 163 

Conrad, Anne Eraser, notice of, Wm., mention of, 3, 61, 161, 

178 172 

286 



Copper, Capt. Norris, mention of, 
270 
Elizabeth Claypoole, mention 
of, 270 

Corn Exchange Guard, mentioned, 
220 
Exchange Eegiment, men- 
tioned, 163 

Cornwallis, Lord, surrender of, 
94 

Covenant Church, ref. to, 146, 154, 
168 

Coverdale, Miles, mention of, 278 



m0tiit^ ot ^t pauri^ episcopal C^utcJ. 



Cummings, Wm.j Family Vault, il- 
lustr.j 5 
Wm., Family Pew, deed for, 

62 
Wm., portrait of, facing p. 

162 
Wm., account of, 162, 163 
Wm., mention of, 231 
Wm., notice of, 254 
Emily R. A., notice of, 254 
Currie, Wm., M.D., notice of, 234 
Eev. Dr. Wm., notice of, 234 
Cuthbert, Thomas, account of, 271 
Ann Wilkinson, notice of, 271 

Dartmouth College, ref. to, 9 
Davis, Jefferson, letter of, to 

Grant, ref. to, 279 
Dead, Rights of the, 9, 191 

Removal of, 12, 13, 189, 192 
Desecration of^ 16 
Deaver, Caroline Randall, notice 

of, 250 
Dr. John B., notice of, 250 
Debtor's Prison, ref. to, 67 
Debts, property liable for, 58 
De la Grange, Joseph E. G. M., 

mention of. 111 
Delaicare Historiccl Soc, Papers 

of, ref. to, 28 
River channel obstructed, 23, 

92 
Democratic Society, ref. to, 67 
Descendants, Rights of, 4 
Dickinson College, Carlisle, ref. to, 

40, 41 
Diocesan House, building of, con- 
sidered, 3, 17 
Disciples, ref. to, 57 
Disinterment, a misdemeanor, 11 
Dissenters, ref. to, 54 
Don Quixote, History of, alluded 

to, 84 
Dorcas Society, mentioned, 171 
Dorr's "History of Christ 

Church," ref. to, 26, 28 



Dougherty, James, mention of, 36 
Doz, Andrew, account of, 32, 33 
Andrew, mention of, 36, 101, 

105, 112, 119 
Rebecca Cash, notice of, 32, 

112 

Lucia, notice of, 32, 112 

Drexel, Anthony J., mention of, 

278 

Institute, mentioned, 178 

Drinker, Elizabeth, * ' Journal, ' ' 

ref. to. 111 
Du Barry, John, notice of, 235 
Sophia Du Plessis, note on, 
235 
Duehe, Anthony, note on, 33 
Sarah Coats, note on, 33 
Elizabeth H., note on, 50 
Rev. Dr. Jacob, mention of, 

45, 53, 82, 83, 87, 88, 91 
Rev., account of, 49, 50 
Dunlap, John, notice of, 78, 100 
Wm., notice of, 77, 78 
Wm., preaches at St. Paul's, 

77 
Wm., prevented being rector 

of St. Paul's, 78 
Wm., account of, 78 
Du Plessis, Peter le Barbier, ac- 
count of, 234, 235 
Geo., note on, 235 
Helena, note on, 235 
Sophia, note on, 235 
Dupuy, Daniel, notice of, 272 

Dr. John, notice of, 272 
Dutch Churchyard, Ref., Grave- 
send, inscriptions in, ref. to, 
99 
i. e., Germans, well affected to 
the Church of England, 80 

Edinburgh, University of, men- 
tioned, 199 

Egle's "Notes and Queries," ref. 
to, 99 

Eliot Indian Bible, notice of, 278 



287 



3lnli« to ^i\b]tct0. 



Elizabeth, Queen, her prayer-book, 

ref. to, 278 
Emanuel Church, New Castle, Del., 

mention of, 29 
Emes, Worsley, notice of, 272 
Emmanuel Church, Brooklyn, men- 
tioned, 158 
Church, Kensington, note on, 
43, 169 
Enoch, in masonic connection, ref. 

to, 100 
Epiphany Church, note on, 43, 137, 
138, 139, 154, 155, 168, 169, 
178 
Episcopal Church, ref. to, 15, 23, 
47, 57, 98, 138, 141, 143 
Church, propagation of the, 

ref. to, 44 
Church, lack of growth of, 54 
Church, reasons thereof, 55 
Church, American, formation 
of, in relation to St. Paul's, 
63 
Church, Academy of the, ref. 

to, 101 
Church, organization of, in U. 

S., 102 
Divinity School, ref. to, 147 
Education Soc, mentioned, 

138 
Becorder, the, mentioned, 138 
Academy, ref. to, 277 
Clergy, convention of, in 

Philadelphia, 45 
Sunday-school, the first, in 

Philadelphia, 122 
Clergy of Philadelphia, ref. 

to, 146 
Hospital, mentioned, 171 
Erasmus, Bishop of Arcadia, Crete, 

mention of, 90 
Evangelical Knowledge Soc, men- 
tioned, 138 
Evangelists, Church of the, men- 
tioned, 168, 169, 180 
Ezekiel, 20, 38, quoted, 93 



Falconer, Capt., see Ealkner, Les- 
ter 
Falkner, Lester, notice of, 33, 42 

Sarah Coats, notice of, 33 
Farmers and Mechanics Bank, 

mentioned, 219, 279 
Farr, John, notice of, 222 

John, notice of, 62, 130, 165, 

170 
Mary J., notice of, 130 
Lena Haddock, notice of, 170 
Grace, notice of, 170 
Eev. Dr. Wm. W., account of, 
169, 170 
Federal Gazette, by whom founded, 

111 
Fessenden, mention of, 271 
Feudal Laws, ref. to, 49 
Fine Arts, Academy of, mentioned, 

200 
Fire, the great, at 9th and Wash- 
ington Sts., mentioned, 171 
First Troop City Cavalry, mention 
of, 4, 15, 23, 31, 67, 78 
Troop City Cavalry, history 
of, ref. to, 4 
Fleeson, Plunket, account of, 30, 
31, 239 
Plunket, mention of, 36, 105 
Foreign Missionary Soc, London, 

mentioned, 151 
Forrest, Edwin, note on, 221 
Wm., notice of, 268 
Capt. Wm., notice of, 268 
Edwin, Family Vault, Illustr. 
of, 6 
Fort St. David's, Fishing Co. of, 
ref. to, 31, 34 
St. David's Fishing Co., men- 
tioned, 199 
Wilson, note on, 118 
Foster Home, mentioned, 171 
F. & A. Masons, Del., Gen'l Com- 
munication of, ref. to, 100 
Franklin, Benjamin, notice of, 33, 
78, 91, 100 



288 



m^tot^ ot git paurgi episcopal Cfiuccfi. 



Franklin Fire Ins. Co., mentioned, 

219 
Francine, James L., note on, 275 
Catharine H. Lohra, note on, 

275 
Freemasons, mention of, 105, 106 

seq., 121 
Free Society of Traders, ref. to, 25 
French, and Indian War, ref. to, 

52, 70 
and Indian War, mention of, 

199 
Friendless Children, So. Home for, 

mentioned, 171 
Fries Eebellion, ref. to, 270 
Funerals, cost of, ref. to, 43 

Gardner's Wharf, where located, 

40 
Garrick, mention of, 95 
Genealogical Society of Pa., The 

mention of, 23, 216, 2S6 
General Theological Seminary, N. 

Y., 145, 158, 174, 180 
George, J. D., note on, 62 
Henry, note on, 62 
III, mention of, 90, 93 
German E. C. Holy Trinity Burial 

Ground, ref. to, 18 
Germantown, no kind of English 

Worship there, 79, 80 
Gibbons, Eev. Dr. Hughes O., ob- 
jects to Sale Pine St. Presb. 
Church, 15, 16 
Girard, Stephen, mention of, 231 
National Bank, mentioned, 

219 
Mary Lum, notice of, 117 
Stephen, mentioned, 12 
Stephen, ministers to fellow 

citizens, 117 
National Bank, mentioned, 
163 
Glentworth, Dr. Geo., where buried, 

4, 
Dr. Geo., mention of, 23, 36 

20 289 



Glentworth, Dr. Geo., account of, 
199, 200 
Dr. Peter S., a martyr to his 

profession, 200 
Dr. Plunket Fleeson, account 
of, 200 
Gloria Dei, Swedes Church, ref. 

to, 26, 32, 169 
Gluck, autograph of, ref. to, 279 
Goddard, Eev. Dr. Kingston, rec- 
torship of, 158-160 
portrait of, facing p. 158 
God-fearing men and women, note 

on, 61 
Goodman, Capt. Walter, notice of, 

31 
Good Samaritan Hospital, men- 
tioned, 170 
Goodwin, Geo., mention of, 36 

Samuel, note on, 70 
Gosner, Daniel, account of, 256 
Capt. Peter, notice of, 256 
Eebecca T., notice of, 256 
Gowen, James, account of, 272 
Franklin B., notice of, 272 
James, notice of, 273 
Francis I., notice of, 273 
Grace Church, note on, 43, 146 

Church, Sandusky, mentioned, 

169 
Church, Brooklyn, N. Y., men- 
tioned, 179 
Graham, Wm., mention of, 36 
Grand Lodge, A. Y. M., mentioned, 
218 
Lodge, F. and A. M. of Pa., 
distinguished members of, 4 
Lodge, F. and A. M. of Pa., 
distinguished members of, 23 
Lodge, F. and A. M. of Pa., 
ref. to, 34, 106 seq., 122, 
130, 131, 159 
Grant, Gen. Ulysses Simpson, men- 
tioned, 271, 278, 279 
Greenleaf's ''Sketches of the Ee- 



Sntiej to g»ul)|fct0. 



clesiastical Hist, of Maine, ' ' 
ref. to, 66 

Greenleaf's "Portland in the 
Past," ref. to, 66 

Griswold, Et. Eev. Alex. W., no- 
tice of, 138 

Groebe, Lucas Dokoe, notice of, 
228 
Ann, notice of, 228 
Aletta Heylinger, notice of, 
228 

Hall, David, account of, 33 
David, Jr., notice of, 3 
Wm., notice of, 33 
Eev. Eichard Drayson, note 

on, 230 
Mary Douglass, note on, 230 
Capt. David, member of the 

Grand Lodge, 4 
Capt. David, where buried, 4 
Capt. David, mention of, 23 
Hamilton, Alexander, note on, 118 

Jas., mention of, 45 
Handel, autograph of, ref. to, 279 
Hare, Eobert, mention of, 279 

& T wells, ref. to, 279 
Harvard College, mentioned, 135, 

138 
Hasell, Samuel, notice of, 31 
Hawkins ' ' ' Missions of the Church 
of England in the Colo- 
nies," ref. to, 28 
Hawk's "Ecclesiastical Contribu- 
tions," ref. to, 27 
Haydn, autograph of, ref. to, 279 
Hayes, Capt. Thos., mention of, 

231 
Hazzard's "Eegister of Pa.," ref. 

to, 27 
Heavenly Eest, Church of the, men- 
tioned, 177 
Henry VIIL, primer of, men- 
tioned, 278 
Heyl, Geo., account of, 239, 240 
Geo. Thos., notice of, 239 



Heyl, Susanna S., notice of, 239 
Philip, notice of, 239 
Dorothea PhUe, notice of, 239 
Geo., mention of, 239, 240 
Wm., mention of, 239 
Geo. A., notice of, 240 
Heylinger, Aletta, notice of, 228 
Hibernia Fire Co., note on, 152 
Engine Co., mentioned, 239 
Hibernian Society, mentioned, 199, 

219 
Hiltzheimer, Jacob, quoted, 277 
Jacob, his Diary, ref. to, 32 
Hist. Society of Delaivare, Papers, 

ref. to, 43, 98 
Historical Society of Pa., mention 
of, 23, 38, 73, 99, 111, 112, 
120 
Society, Memoirs of the, ref. 
to, 27, 28 
Historical Society of Pa., disap- 
proval of, in re sale of Old 
St. Paul's, 286 
Ploly Apostles, Church of the, note 
on, 44 
Apostles, its three chapels, 44 
Apostles Mission, mention of, 

278 
Trinity, Nice, France, men- 
tioned, 177 
Saviour, Companions of the, 

mentioned, 180 
Spirit Church, mentioned, 175, 

176 
Trinity, Philadelphia, men- 
tioned, 146 
Trinity Church, West Chester, 

mentioned, 146 
Trinity (Old Swedes) Church, 
Wilmington, ref. to, 42, 43 
Hollingsworth, Levi, account of, 
273 
Zebulon, notice of, 273 
Ann Mauldin, notice of, 273 
Hannah Pasehall, notice of, 
273 



290 



l^iiStotg ot git paur0 episcopal CSutc^. 



Hollingsworth, Paschall, notice of, 
273 
Mary Wilson, notice of, 273 
Mary, notice of, 273 
Henry, notice of, 273 
Sarah Humplireys, notice of, 
273 
Home-life, simplicity of, 59 
Hooker, Gen'l, mention of, 278 
Hopkinson, Francis, notice of, 275 
Hotehkin, "Country Clergy," ref. 

to, 143, 155 
Howard, John, note on, 33 

Hospital, mentioned, 163 
Howe, Gen. Wm., note on, 50 

Gen., defeats Washington at 
Brandywine, 92 
Humphreys, Joshua, notice of, 273 
Huntingdon & Broad Top E. E. 

Co., mentioned, 163 
Huston, John Hasell, notice of, '219 
John H., note on, 68 
Martha M., note on, 68 
Mary, note on, 68 

Independence Bell, ref. to, 29 

cause of, contributors to, 67 
Declaration of, ref. to, 29, 

50, 78, 97, 273, 278 
Hall, note on, 199 
Hall, ref. to, 28, 29, 30 
Hall, First Gen. Conv. United 
P. E. Church meets at, 105 
Indians, Penn's dealings with the 

ref. to, 279 
Inglis, John, notice of, 97 

Sir John E. W., notice of, 97 
Eev. Chas., account of, 97 
Mary Vining, notice of, 97 
Ins. Co. of North Am., mention of, 

118, 163 
Intelligencer, Legal, mentioned, 186 

Jay Cooke & Co., referred to, 277 
Jayne Bldg., note on, 235 
Jefferson College, Pa., mentioned, 
138, 143 



Jenney, Eev. Dr., moves building 
St. Peter's, 25, 26 
Eev. Dr., his protest concern- 
ing Eev. MeiClenachan, 45 
Eev. Dr., letter to, in re Eev. 

MeiClenachan, 46 
Eev. Dr., ref. to, 51, 70, 71 
Jerman, John, his Almanac, ref. 

to, 78 
John, 11, 25, 26, quoted, 235 
John's "Life of Bishop Meade," 

ref. to, 74 
Jones, Capt. Gibbs, account of, 23 
Col. Blathwaite, member of 

the Grand Lodge, 4 
Col., where buried, 4 
Col., mention of, 22, 164 
Col., portrait of, facing p. 23 
Col., account of, 23 
Col. Washington 's chief engi- 
neer officer, 92 
Jordan, Dr. John W., mention of, 

38 
Jubal, in masonic connection, ref. 
to, 100 

Keble, John, mention of, 36 

John, account of, 200 
Keen, Matthias Valentine, note on, 
245 
Elizabeth Hood, note on, 245 
Gregory Bernard, L.L.D., 
"Descendants of Joran 
Kyn of New Sweden," ref. 
to, 23, 245 
Keith's Provincial Councillors, ref. 

to, 72 
Kenyon College, Ohio, mentioned, 

154, 159, 169, 175 
King, Eobert Pennick, account of, 
274 
Daniel J., notice of, 274 
Leroy N., notice of, 274 
& Baird, notice of, 274 
King's College, mention of, 97 
College, N. S., mentioned, 174 



291 



Unhct to ^ubiectiS. 



King's College, Canada, mentioned, Letts, Capt. Ezekiel, notice of, 275 

Lewis, Geo., anecdote of, 151, 152 
Liberty Bell, sale of, authorized, 8 
Lincoln, Abraham, letters of, to 

Gen'l Hooker, ref. to, '278 
Lind, Jenny, autograph of, ref. to, 

279 
Living Church, The, mentioned, 

180 
Lodge, Concordia, No. 67, men- 
tioned, 111 

Continental, No. 257, F. & A. 
M., mentioned, 139 

Franklin, No. 134, mentioned, 
274 

51 F. and A. M., mentioned, 
220 

No. 2, ref. to, 231, 254, 255 

No. 3, ref. to, 254 

The Grand, of Pa., mentioned, 
255, 274 

Harmony, No. 52, m_entioned, 
111 

L'Amenite, No. 73, men- 
tioned, 111 

Montgomery, F. & A. M., men- 
tioned, 228 

Montgomery, No. 19, ref. to, 
235 

Industry, No. 31, mentioned, 
228 

Philadelphia, No. 72, men- 
tioned, 111, 228 

St. Louis, No. 53, ref. to, 235 

Columbia, No. 91, ref. to, 
235 

No. 2, F. and A. Masons of 
Pa., the Mother Lodge of 
the State, 4 

No. 2, mention of, 23, 31, 33, 
34 

No. 2, Ancient York Masons, 
ref. to, 31 

No. 2, F. and A. M. of Phila- 
delphia, extract from min- 



180 
Kittera, Thos., mention of, 8, 130 

Thos., notice of, 218 
Knorr, John, notice of, 275 

Mary, notice of, 275 
Knowles, John, notice of, 31 
KoUock, Cornelius, note on, 265 
Lieut. Jacob, Jr., notice of, 

265 
Mary Leech, notice of, 265 
Mary Eogerson, notice of, 265 
Kunzi, A., note on, 130 
Kyn, Joran, descendants of, ref. 
to, 23 

Ladies' Aid Society, mentioned, 

171 
Lafayette, Marquis de, wounded at 

Brandywine, by whom at- 
tended, 99 
Laity, rights of the, recognition 

of, insisted upon, 103 
Latimer, Thos., mention of, 170 
Laurel Hill, ref. to, 15, 16, 155, 

175 
Hill Cemetery, mentioned, 250, 

261 
Layman's Magazine, The, ref. to, 

126, 133 
Lea, Mrs. Arthur H., mention of, 

239 
Leach, J. Granville, "History of 

the Penrose Family, ' ' ref. 

to, 200 
Ledlie, Elizabeth Wood, notice of, 

218 
Lee, Gen'l Robert Edward, sur- 
render of, ref. to, 278 
surrenders commission in U. 

S. army, ref. to, 279 
Major, satirized by Major 

Andre, 93 
Leech, Thos., account of, 29 

Thos., ref. to, 36 
Leland Stanford Jr. University, 

mentioned, 172 



292 



I^igftot? ot S)t paur0 episcopal Cfiurc^. 



utes of, in ref. to members 
of St. Paul's, 90 
Lodge No. 2, meetings of, sus- 
pended, 93 
No. 2, mentioned. 111, 163 
No. 3, mention of, 23, 33, 34, 

111 
No. 9, mention of, 111 
No. 19, mention of, 23, 111 
Orange, No. 71, mentioned, 

111 
Phoenix, Chester Co., Pa., 

mentioned, 131 
Washington, No 59, men- 
tioned, 111 
Loganian Library, ref. to, 104 
Lohra, John, account of, 275 
Mary Knorr, notice of, 275 
& Carlisle, mention of, 275 
Lombard St. Public School, men- 
tioned, 129 
Loper, Capt. Eichard P., men- 
tioned, 152 
Lot-holders, summary of law rela- 
tive to, 10, 11 
ref. to, 17, 189 
Lotteries frequently used to raise 
money for civic and re- 
ligious purposes, 40 
employed to build Christ 

Church steeple, 40 
to raise money for the Sec- 
ond Presbyterian Church, 
40 
prohibited in Pa., 40 
Lottery to erect City Hall, 40 

in re Wm. Dunlap, 77 
Louther M. E. Church, ref. to, 190 
Lowber, Dr. Edward, mention of, 
279 
Elizabeth Twells, mentioned, 
279 
Lowth, Et. Eev., consequence of 
his refusal of ordination, 
56, 115 
Lueknow, siege of, ref. to, 97 



Lutheran Church, ref. to, 57, 80 
Luzerne, Chevalier de, mention of, 
105 

Macpherson, Capt. John, mention 
of, 22 
Brig. Gen'l Wm., mention of, 
23 
Madison, Et. Eev. mention of, 56 
Magaw, Dr. Wm., notice of, 99 

Lucia Doz, notice of, 32, 99, 

112 
Major Eobert, notice of, 99 
Marrite van Brunt, notice of, 

99 
Eev. Dr. Samuel, notice of, 32, 

36, 116, 119 
Eev. Dr. Samuel, rectorship 

of, 96-112 
Eev. Dr. Samuel, Dover mis- 
sion of, 98 
Eev. Dr. Samuel, desired 

peace with honour, 99 
Eev. Dr. Samuel, his discourse 
preached in Christ Church, 
Philadelphia, ref. to, 99 
Eev. Dr. Samuel, elected rec- 
tor, 101 
Eev. Dr. Samuel, esteemed by 

Masonic Fraternity, 105 
Eev. Dr. Samuel, Masonic 
prayer by, 106 seq. 
Maine Historical Soc., Collections 

of the, ref. to, 67, 70 
Marie Antoinette, mention of, 278, 

279 
Mark Baskett Bible, note on, 278 
Markoe, Capt. Abraham, notice of, 
30, 42 
Elizabeth Baynton, notice of, 
30, 42 
Marshall, John, mention of, 54 
Marston, John, Jr., aids in organi- 
zation of Sunday-school 
Ass'n P. E. Church, 170 
Martin, John Hill, warning of, 9 



293 



3nlif5E to ^\xbittt&. 



J. Willis, decree of, in re dis- 
solution of 6t. Paul's, 186, 
188 
Mass., General Laws of, ref. to, 59 
Matlack, Timothy, note on, 270 

Elizabeth Claypoole, note on, 
270 
Matthews, John, note on, 123 
May, Adam, notice of, 228 

Catharine Diehl, notice of, 
228 

Ellen Stuart Bowman, notice 
of, 144 

Rev. Dr., mentioned, 269 

Rev. Dr. Jas., Rectorship of, 
143, 144 

Rev. Dr. Jas., portrait of, fac- 
ing p. 143 

Rev. Thos. Potts, notice of, 
143 
McClenachan, Blair, mention of, 
4, 36 

Blair, account of, 67, 68 

where buried, 4, 68 

Isabella, notice of, 72 

John, note on, 70 

Rev. Dr. Wm., his sermon on 
Thos. Leech, ref. to, 29 

jef. to, 35, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 
51, 52, 53, 79, 82 

Teetorship of, 66-78 

Rev. Dr. Wm., his eloquence 
and piety, 44 

invited to preach at Christ 
Church, 70, 71 

elected as assistant to Rev. 
Dr. Jenney, 71 

dismissed by the same, 71 

preaches at State House, 71, 
72 

Martha, note on, 68 
MoConnell, Dr., quoted, 57, 74 

Rev. Dr., S.D., "History of 
the American Episcopal 
Church," ref. to, 35, 57, 94, 
215 



McCoskrey, Rev. Dr., mentioned, 
269 
Rev. Dr. Samuel A., rector- 
ship of, 141, 142 
portrait of, facing p. 141 
McCulloch, Hugh, mention of, 270, 

271 
McCuUough, Mary J., notice of, 
130 
iSarah, notice of, 130 
McGarvey, Rev. Dr. Wm. L, rec- 
torship of, 180, 181 
Rev. Dr. Wm. I., portrait of, 
facing p. 182 
Mcllvaine, Rt. Rev., notice of, 127 
Mcllwee, John, mention of, 111 
Meade, Rt. Rev. Wm., ''Old 
Churches, Ministers, and 
Families of Virginia, ' ' 
quoted in ref. to Rev. Ben- 
jamin Allen, 125 seq. 
Rt. Rev. Wm., note on, 133 
Medical Soc. of Pa., mentioned, 

199 
Meer, John, Sr., account of, 250 
Mary Gould West, notice of, 
250 
Memorial Ass. Valley Forge, men- 
tioned, 8 
Memorials of the Past, Preserva- 
tion of, 7 
Merchants Fund, mentioned, 163 
Methodist Church, organized, 56, 
115 
Church, ref. to, 98, 113 
Cemetery case, ref. to, 189 
Mexican War, referred to, 270 
Mickve Israel, ref. to, 40 
MiMn, Thos., mention of, 105 
Mitchell, Jas. T., opinion of, 8 
Molly Maguires, mention of, 273 
Monges, Dr., notice of, 101 
Montreal Assurance Co., men- 
tioned, 219 
Monuments and Bodies, removal 
of, 10, 11 



294 



^i&totTg of felt paurgi €pi0copal CfjurcS. 



Moorhead, J. Barlow, notice of, 
278 
Ada E., notice of, 278 
Wm, G., mention of, 270 
Morgan, Col. Geo., notice of, 30 

Mary Baynton, notice of, 30 
Morris, Anthony, Jr., mention of, 
35, 36 
Israel, mention of, 36 
Appeal, ref . to, 4 
Israel Wistar, notice of, 273 
Mary Hollingsworth, notice of, 

273 
Robert, note on, 118 
Moslem, piety of, ref. to, 15 
Moss, John, mention of, 231 
Mozart, autograph of, ref. to, 279 
Mt. Moriah Cemetery Ass'n, men- 
tioned, 274 
removals to, 7 

lot in, owned by St. Paul's, 
ref. to, 37, 186 
Muhlenberg, Dr. John P., mention 
of, 95 

Nashotah Seminary, "Wis., men- 
tioned, 181 

Nativity, Church of the, men- 
tioned, 168 

Neals and Hutchinson's "Digests 
of Ordinances of New Eng- 
land," ref. to, 59 

Neave, Richard, and son, their 
gift to St. Paul 's, 42 

Negroes in Philadelphia, note on, 
45, 51, 52, 70 

Neill, Rev. Hugh, notice of, 40 
Rev. Hugh, rectorship of, 79- 

85 
Rev. Hugh, lauds people of 

St. Paul's, 81 
Rev. Hugh, directed not to 
give assistance to Mr. Mac- 
clenathan's Congreg., 81 
Rev. Hugh, vindicates his con- 
duct as to officiating in St. 
Paul's, 82 



Nelson, Geo., mention of, 36 

Wm., mention of, 111 
Newcastle, Del., Church at, note 

on, 43 
Newton, Lydia Greatorex, notice 

of, 155, 161 
Mary E. Lewis, note on, 172 
Rev. R, Heber, mentioned, 274 
Rev. Dr. Richard, mentioned, 

269 
Rev. Dr. Richard, "The Pas- 
tor 's Offering to his Flock, ' ' 

ref. to, 222 
Rev. Dr. Richard, his memory 

honored, 44 
Rev. Dr. Richard, peculiarly 

successful, 54 
Rev. Dr. Richard, famous for 

children's sermons, 60, 154, 

156 
Rev. Dr. Richard, eloquent 

words of, at St. Paul's Cen- 
tennial Anniversary, 63, 64 
Rev. Dr. Richard, on evangel- 
ical truths, 74, 75 
Rev. Dr. Richard, Rectorship 

of, 145-157 
Rev. Dr. Richard, portrait of, 

facing p. 145 
Rev. Dr. Richard, letter to, by 

Mr. and Mrs. Jay Cooke, 

152, 153 
Rev. Dr. R. Heber, letter to, 

in ref. to Fiftieth Anniv. 

St. Paul 's Sunday-school, 

142 
Rev. Dr. R. Heber, rectorship 

of, 161-173 
Rev. Dr. R. Heber, portrait of, 

facing p. 161 
Nicholson, Gov., mention of, 27 
Nilson, Capt. Andrew, mention of, 

111 
Non-Importation Resolutions, ref. 

to, 30, 31, 33, 199, 254 
North American, The, note on, 78 



295 



Sntitj to ^nhittt^. 



North American, Tlie, mentioned, 

270 
North, Eichard, note on, 123, 128 

Obed, Brother, note on, 122 
Odenheimer, John W., note on, 
275 
Et. Eev. Dr. Wm. Hy., note 

on, 275 
Et. Eev. Dr. Wm. H., letter of, 
in rel. to St. Paul 's Sunday- 
school, 165, 166 
Et. Eev. Dr. Wm. H., mention 
of, 168 
Old South Church, Boston, ref. to, 

20, 21 
Old Swedes, see Gloria Dei. 
Onderdonk, Et. Eev. Dr. Hy. U,, 

mention of, 141, 146 
Ord, Geo., mention of, 36 
John, notice of, 275 
John, account of, 31 
Ann Mason, note on, 31 
Ordination, difficult and dan- 
gerous, 54 
its refusal and consequence 

thereof, 56 
of Eev. Wm. Stringer, 90 
Orphans, Home for Soldiers' and 
Sailors', mentioned, 171 
Court, Del, Co., ref. to, 185 
Oxford Congregation, 52, 85 

UDiversity of, in re Degree 

for Dr. Smith, 84 
University of, ref. to, 142 

Page, S. Davis, note on, 49 
Palmer, John, notice of, 32, 36 
Deborah Bankson, notice of, 

32 
Thos,, notice of, 217 
Parish has no special legal signifi- 
cance in Pa., 102 
Parker, Alvin Mercer, note on, 223 
Joseph Brooks Bloodgood, 
note on, 223 



Parvin, Eev. Eobert J., note on, 

155 
Pastoral Aid Association founded, 

148 
Patriotic Order Sons of America 
save historic shrine, 8 
Societies in rel. to St. Paul's 
Dead, 22, 23 
Paxson, Mr. Justice, opinion by, 

13 
Peale, James, note on, 270 

Mary Claypoole, note on, 270 

Pechin, Almira, mention of, 170 

Penn, Wm., letters of, ref. to, 279 

Wm., landing of, ref. to, 285 

Wm., Black-Letter Days in 

the Life of, ref. to, 285 
Estate, ref. to, 30 
Penn-Logan Correspondence, ref. 

to, 28 
Penns, Memorial to the, ref. to, 

26, 28 
"Penna. Archives," ref. to, 120 
Pennsylvania Assembly, ref. to, 
200 
Bank, mentioned, 200 
Bank, ref. to, 67 
Battalion Eiflemen, ref. to, 99 
Line, the First, ref. to, 99 
Line, the fourth, ref. to, 99 
Penna. Chronicle, ref. to, 42 
Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, 
mentioned, 177 
Co. for Ins. on Lives and 
Granting Annuities, men- 
tioned, 219, 279 
History of, by Gabriel 

Thomas, ref. to, 27 
Hospital, mentioned, 239 
Penna. Gazette, The, ref. to, 29, 

- 31, 32, 33, 34, 38, 39, 85 
Pennsylvania Hospital, ref. to, 30, 
32, 34 
Institute, mentioned, 160 
Journal, ref. to, 39 

296 



I9i0totg ot ^t pauPsi epigfcopal C^uccJ. 



Pa. Ifa^. o/ ffisL and Biog., ref. 

to, 8, 30, 62, 68, 78, 99 
Penna. Facket, The, note on, 78 
Penna. Pacl'et and Daily Adver- 
tiser, mentioned, 270 
Pennsylvania E. E., mentioned, 
219, 273 
State Eeports, ref. to, 4, 5, 8, 
10, 12, 13, 63, 102 infra, 
189, 190, 191 
Volunteer Artillery, 1st Eeg't, 
mentioned, 228 
Penrose, Capt. Thos., note on, 33 
Samuel, note on, 31 
Ann Fleeson, note on, 31 
Samuel, account of, 200 
Samuel, mention of, 36 
Perry, referred to, 52, 78, 80, 81, 
85, 87, 92, 97 
"Historical Collections Eelat- 
ing to tlie American Colo- 
nial Church," ref. to, 27, 
28, 100 
"Papers Eelating to the His- 
tory of the Church in 
Penna.," ref. to, 46, 53 
Peters, Eev. Dr. Eichard, mention 
of, 52, 53, 83, 87, 88, 91 
Eev. Dr. Eichard, "has but 
just emerged from a life of 
Polities and jjleasure, " 82 
Eev. Dr. Eichard, severs con- 
nection with St. Paul's, 89 
Pew-owners, rights of, 11 
Pews, ownership of, 61 

ref. to, 63, 119 
Philadelphia & Eeading E. E. Co., 
mentioned, 272 
City Cavalry, First Troop, 

mentioned, 200, 270 
City Cavalry, 273, 279 
City Cavalry, History of the, 

ref. to, 268 
College of, ref. to, 215 
College of, mentioned, 29, 45, 
96 



Philadelphia Divinity School, men- 
tioned, 131, 144, 161, 168, 
169 
College of Physicians of, men- 
tioned, 199, 200 
Corn Exchange, mentioned, 220 
County Prisons, ref. to, 231 
Minerva, ref, to, 268 
Dispensary, ref. to, 33 
Hospital, ref. to, 181 
Humane Soc, ref. to, 33 
Eegister of Wills, ref. to, 33 
Fire Ins. Co., mentioned, 274 
Militia of the City and Liber- 
ties of, ref. to, 22 
population of, in 1760, '25 
original city of, 25 
when consolidated, 25 
evacuated by the British, 54 
"if it was 50 miles square 
and had 200 churches in it," 
what then? 82 
City Gaol (jail), poor pris- 
oners in, aided by St. 
Paul's, 85 
captured by Gen'l Howe, 92, 

93 
National Bank, mention of, 73 
P. E. City Mission, ref. to, 

209 
Post Office, note on, 42 
Sa'sang Fund Soc, ref. to, 279 
Sunday-school Union, by whom 
instituted, 166 
Philada. Eecord, notice of, 42 
PJiila. Eecorder, The, quoted in 
ref. to consecration of St. 
Andrew's, 129 
Philadelphians, well known, where 
buried, 5-7 
well known, ref. to, 158 
opinions of, in regard to Dr. 
Smith, 83 
Phile, Dr. Frederick, notice of, 
239, 240 
Elizabeth, notice of, 239 

297 



Snticj to &uDject!2i. 



Phillips Andover Academy, men- 
tioned, 135 
Phillips, Col. John, mention of, 

111 

Phoenix Hose Co., mentioned, 220 

Physick, Dr. Edmund, note on, 118 

Pilmore, Mary (Benezet) Wood, 

note on, 124 

Eev. Joseph, mention of, 276 

Eev. Dr. Joseph, portrait of, 

facing p. 113 
Eev. Dr. Joseph, Eectorship 

of, 113-124 
Eev. Dr. Joseph, appointed 
assist. minister at St. 
Paul's, 116 
Eev. Dr. Joseph, preaching of, 

118, 120 
Eev. Dt. Joseph, his breadth 

of vision, 120 
Eev. Dr. Joseph, creator of St. 
Paul's Sunday-school, 120, 
164 
Eev. Dr. Joseph, publications 
of, 123 
Poor, John, educator, ref. to, 101, 

102, 106 
Potter, Et. Eev. Dr. Horatio, letter 
to, by Stephen H. Tyng, 
ref. to, 138 
Poulson's Am. Daily Advertiser, 

ref. to, 115, 124 
Poulson's Daily Advertiser, men- 
tioned, 270 
Poyntell, Wm., account of, 276 
Prendergast, Eev. Edmond F., his 

appeal, 15 
Presbyterian Church, Pine St., 
Sale of, prevented, 15 
Hospital, mentioned, 181 
Church, Third, ref. to, 33 
Church, Second, where lo- 
cated, 40, 164 
Synod in Philadelphia, 46 
Congreg., the Second, note on, 
122 



Presbyterians, ref. to, 50, 56, 57, 

71, 77, 84 
Presentation, right of, rests with 

the Church, 87 
Princeton, ref. to, 67 

College, ref. to, 40 
Proctor, Col. Thos., member of the 
Grand Lodge, 4, 106 

Col. Thos., where buried, 4 

Col. Thos., account of, 22 

Col. Thos., ref. to, 23, 106 

Col. Thos., satirized by Major 
Andre, 93 
Protestant Churchman, the, men- 
tioned, 138 
Protestant Episcopal Academy, 
ref. to, 32, 147, 169 

Episcopal Church, ref. to, 28, 
32, 34, 123, 144, 156, 176, 
181, 182, 187, 193 

Epicsopal Church organiza- 
tion of, 102, 103, 115 

Episcopal Church, its name, to 
whom owed, 103 

Episcopal Church, 1st Gen'l 
Conv. of, 105 

Episcopal Church, at Corry, 
Pa., mentioned, 171 

Episcopal Church, Diocese Pa., 
Trustees of, ref. to, 208, 
209, 286 

Episcopal Church, Philadel- 
phia, excerpts from the 
minutes of the, 214, 215 

Episcopal City Mission, men- 
tion of, 3, 17, 188, 190, 191, 
192 

Episcopal City Mission, effi- 
cient relief work of, 4 

Episcopal Soc. for Domestic 
and Foreign Missions, men- 
tioned, 129 

Episcopal Sunday School Soe. 
of Philadelphia, mentioned, 
228 
Proverbs xxiii, 15, quoted, 137 



298 



l^ijStorg of S)t paur^ Cpisfcopal C8urc5. 



Provincial Conventioii, ref. to, 200 
Provoost, Eev. Samuel, consecrated 

as Bishop of N. Y 104 
Psalm 92 : 6, ref. to, 16 
Psalm, 112, V, 6, quoted, 224, 231 
Psalm, 10, V. 7, quoted, 231 
Pulpit and Communion Silver, il- 

lustr. of, facing p. 210 
Puritans, ref. to, 56 

Quakers, ref. to, 26, 47, 48, 49, 56, 

57, 80, 127 
Quarry, Col., mention of, 27 
Quarterly Meeting, the first, ^'hen 

and where celebrated, 98 
Queen Anne Parish, mentioned, 

135 

Radnor Parish, mentioned, 234 
Eeichner, L. Irving, notice of, '244 
Eandall, Joseph C, notice of, 250 
Caroline West, notice of, 250 
Edmund, notice of, 250 
Eenshaw, Eichard, Jr., note on, 

276 
Eaikes, Eobert, note on, 122 
Eailroad Law, ref. to, 13 
Eeed, Anna G. Everly, note on, 169 
Eev. Dr. J. Sanders, account 
of, 169 
Eeformed Church, ref. to, 57 
Eeily, John, account of, 33 
Ee-interment, Act of Assembly as 

to, 17, 18, 189 
Eeligious Bodies, growth of, 57 
congregation is a private 

body, 14 
life of St. Paul's Parishioners, 

58 seq. 
society, to every, absolute 
ownership of its property is 
confirmed, 190 
Eenshaw, Eichard, mention of, 36, 

137 
Revelation 14, v. 13, quoted, 224, 
231, 263 



Revolution, ref. to, 23, 30, 31, 32, 
33, 54, 90, 93 seq., 102 
ref. to, 200, 239, 240, 270, 

275, 286 
Sons of the. Pa. Soc, ref. to, 
22 
Ehinelander, Et. Rev. Philip M., 
considers sale of St. Paul's, 
3 
Eiehmond, Va., its ancient name, 

49 
Eidgley, Nicholas, mention of, 97 
Mary Vining, mention of, 
97 
Eobins, Edward, notice of, 73 

Edward, of Phila., notice of, 

73 
Thos., notice of, 72 
Isabella McClenachan, notice 

of, 72 
Thos., notice of, 73 
Eoche, Eev. Dr. Robert T., rector- 
ship of, 174, 175 
Rev. Dr. Robert T., portrait 
of, facing p. 173 
Rodney, Caesar, mention of, 100 
Romaine, Rev. Wm., notice of, 75, 

87 
Roman Catholic Church, ref. to, 15, 

20, 57, 181 
Ross, Capt. Chas., where buried, 15 
Geo., notice of, 29 
John, account of, 29, 30 
John, ref. to, 34, 36, 49, 50, 

51, 52 
John, in relation to Articles of 

Agreement, 47 
Rev. Geo., note on, 29 
Rowley, Richard, note on, 61, 62 

Jane B., note on, 62 
Royal Geographical Soc, men- 
tioned, 179 
Runk, Louis B., ' ' Fort Louis- 
burg," ref. to, 67 
Russia Company, The Worshipful, 
mentioned, 224 



299 



3ntie£ to ^ubittt^. 



Kush, Dr. Benjamin, "Memoirs," St. 
ref. to, 111 

Saehse, Dr. J. F., "Old Masonic 
Lodges in Penna., Moderns 
and Ancients," ref. to, 34 St. 
Dr. J. F., "The German Sec- 
taries of Penna.," ref. to, St. 
122 
Sacredness of Burial Grounds, IS- 
IS 
St. Andrew's Church, note on, 43, 
73, 127, 129, 139, 146 
Church, mentioned, 228 St. 

Eichmond, N. Y., mentioned, 

159 
Society of Philadelphia, The, 

ref. to, 31, 33 St. 

Va., mentioned, 128 
West Philadelphia, 171 
Wilmington, Del., mentioned, St. 
168 
St. Ann 's Church, ref. to, 69 St. 

Fishkill, N. Y., mentioned, 

158 
London, mention of, 75 
St. Augustine, R. C. Church of, 
ref. to, 41 
St. David 's, Radnor, men- 
tioned, 234 St, 
Radnor, mentioned, 131 
St. Elizabeth's Church, mentioned, St. 

ISO 
St. George, Society of the Sons of, St. 
ref. to, 30, 122, 123 
iSoe. of Sons of, mentioned, St. 
199 
St. George's, Georgetown, men- 
tioned, 135 
N. Y., mentioned, 138 
M. E. Church, by whom estab- 
lished, 114 
St. James at Kingsessing, ref. to, 
26 
Pittston, Pa., mentioned, 175 
Perkiomen, mentioned, 234 

300 



James College, Md., mentioned, 
168 

Memorial, Eatontown, N. J., 
mentioned, 175 

R. C. Church, mentioned, 181 

John the Evangelist, ref. to, 

100, 105, 107 seq., 121 
John's Chapel, mentioned, 169 

Church, ref. to, 5, 168 

Church, Clifton, N. Y., men- 
tioned, 177 

Northern Liberties, mentioned, 

146 
Luke's, Bustleton, ref. to, 167 

Church, note on, 43, 138, 147, 
154, 169, 178 

Church, mentioned, 220 

Mark's Church, Palatka, Fla., 
mentioned, 174 

Church, Phila., mentioned, 177 
Martin's Church, ref. to, 72 

Marcus Hook, ref. to, 231 

Mary's Cathedral Church, ref. 
to, 286 

Cathedral Church of, ref. to, 3 

W. Philadelphia, mentioned, 
144 

Memorial Church, mentioned, 
178 

Mary, Sisterhood of, men- 
tioned, 180 
Matthew's Church, Francisville, 
note on, 43 

Patrick, ' ' History of Friendly 

Sons of, ' ' ref. to, 78 
Paul's, built for the Propaga- 
tion of Principles of Estab- 
lished Church, 34 

incorporated, 36, 101 

lottery, 37 seq. 

title deeds, abstracts of, 206- 
•209 

Cheltenham, 44, 153, 155 

Chester, Pa., mention of, 9 

Chestnut Hill, mentioned, 190 

Church Edifice, illustr. of, 1 



^i0torp ot ^t paurgs CpiiScopal Cfiutc|^» 



St. Paul's Church Entrance Gate, St. 

illustr. of. 2 
Church, appeal for preserva- 
tion of, 3-24 
Church, location of, 3 
Church, sale of, considered, 3 
Church Bldg. and Family 

Vaults, illustr. of, 3 
Churchyard, illustr. of, 4 
history, request for, 19, 24 
suggestions as to disposition 

of, 20, 21 
dead, debt to, 21-23 
Church Eegisters, ref. to, 212, 

213, 218, 220, 227, 230, 234, 

243, 267 
Church opened for worship, 41 
rules of vestry, 41 
sexton's duties, 41, 42 
largest church in the Province, 

43 
formally incorporated, 43 
consecrated, 43, 116, 136 
mother of many parishes, 43 
a religious storm center, 44 
Detroit, mentioned, 141 
Font, illustr. of, facing p. 45 
Font, with baptismal bowl, 

facing p. 47 
erected for the defense of a 

free gospel, 47 
thoroughly American, 49 
crowded to the doors, 53 
contribution to formation of 

Am. Episcopal Church, 63 
Centennial Anniversary, 63, 

64, 155 
fourth diocesan convention at, 

105 
people visited by epidemic, 

list of, 117 
Keeords of, ref. to, 120 
interested in foreign missions, 

146 
picture of interior, facing p. 

147 

301 



Paul's prayer meetings, ref. to, 
147 

Societies of, 148 

Children's church, 150 

Missionary Sunday, ref. to, 
152 

petition to dftsolve corpora- 
tion, 181 scq. 

organization of, 25 

by whom formed, 28 

last survivor of original trus- 
tees of, 32 

agreements, by whom drawn, 34 

corporate title of, 34 

one of the founders of the P. 
E. Church, 34 

Pulpit and Communion Silver, 
illustr. of, facing p. 210 

Church Plate described, 210, 
211 

Church and Churchyard, plan 
of, between pp. 216 and 217 

charities of, remembered, 231 

vestrymen, list of, 269-280 

vestry minutes, ref. to, 269 

Queen Anne Co., Md., ref. to, 
79, 81 

Rectors, list of, 64, 65 

"had some invinceahle rea- 
sons against Dr. Smith," 
82 

Gift to Eev. Hugh Neill, 84, 
85 

conduct of parishioners of, at 
breaking out of Revolution, 
92 

parishioners with Washing- 
ton's army, 93 

in rel. to organization of P. 
E. Church, 102 seq. 

School, Concord, N, H., men- 
tioned, 168 

Smyrna, ref. to, 98 

near Md. line, ref. to, 98 

Sunday-school, am't of money 



Untitt to ^ubiectisi. 



annually collected by, and 
how applied, 170, 171, 172 
St. Paul's Sunday School, ref, to, 
44, 60, 120, 122, 142, 150, 
151, 152, 159, 163^167 

Sunday School, testimony to 
Rev. Benj. Allen, 130 

Sunday School, it:; Fiftieth 
Anniv., ref. to, 142, 163 
seq. 

Sunday School, distinguished 
pupils of, 152, 167 seq. 

Sunday Schools, ref. to, 222 

title to lot of, in whom 
vested, 188 

Buck Creek, ref. to, 97 

Delaware, O., mentioned, 175 

Great Valley, mentioned, 234 

St. Peter's Church mention 
of, 7, 9, 41, 43, 49, 50, 85, 
136, 147, 162, 172, 186, 187, 
188, 190, 208', 209, 276, 277 

incepted, when and where, 25, 
26 

opened, when, 26 

united with Christ Church, 26 

Parish, " Sesquicentennial 
Year Book," ref. to, 26, 
106 

requested to take over prop- 
erty of St, Paul's, 182, 183, 
184 
St. Philip's Church, note on, 43 
St. Stephen 's, Cecil Co., Md., men- 
tioned, 27 

Wilkes-Barre, mentioned, 144 
St. Tammany, Sons of, ref. to, 22 
St. Timothy's Church, mentioned, 

174 
St. Thomas, Whitemarsh, men- 
tioned, 115, 121 

Eavenswood, L. I., mentioned, 
176 
Salvation Army, ref. to, 56 
Samuel Powel House, The, note on, 
118 



Sansom St. Union Prayer Meet- 
ings, ref. to, 147 
Saviour, Church of the, mentioned, 

169 
Sayres, Edward S., notice of, 101 
Scharf and Westcott, ref. to, 275 
Scharf and Westcott 's "Hist, of 

Phila.," ref. to, 102, 133 
Scharf 's "History of Delaware," 

ref. to, 97, 98 
Schubert, autograph of, ref. to, 

279 
Scripture, interpretation of, 75 
Seabury, Rt. Rev. Samuel, men- 
tion of, 56, 105, 115 
Rt. Rev. Samuel, subscribes to 

Constitution, 214 
ref. to, 215 
Sellers, Edwin Jaquett, "Geneal- 
ogy of the Kollock Fam- 
ily," ref. to, 265 
Seeker, Rev., letter to, in re Mr. 

Whitefield's preaching, 53 
Seckle, Lawrence, mention of, 276 
Sellers, Wm., notice of, 33 
Sepoy War, ref. to, 97 
Sepulture, duty of providing, 4, 5 
Sewell, Rev. Rich., notice of, 27 
Sharp, Gov., ref. to, 81, 84 
Sharswood, Justice, opinion by, 
ref. to, 4 
Justice, opinion of, in re Lot- 
holders, 10, 11 
Shaw, Capt., notice of, 217 

Elizabeth Palmer, notice of, 
217 
Shee, Col. John, notice of, 33 

Walter, account of, 33 
Sheetz, Christian, mention of, 111 
Shiras, Rev. Alexander, "Life and 
Letters of the Rev. Dr. Jas. 
May," ref. to, 144 
Shirley, Gov., in ref. to ordina- 
tion of the Rev. Mr. Mc- 
Clenachan, 67 
Gov., ref. to, 73 



302 



^i&toti^ of fe)t. ^mV0 episcopal Cfiurc]^. 



Shober, Susannah B., notice of, 

164 
"iShockoes, " former name of 
Eichmond, Va., ref . to, " 49 
Shoemaker, Joseph M., mention of, 

278 
Shute, Atwood, note of, 34 

Wm., account of, 34 
Silk Stocking Company, mentioned, 

118 
Simpson, Henry, ' ' The Lives of 
Eminent Philadelphians now 
deceased," ref. to, 228 
Simpson's "Lives of Eminent 
Philadelphians, ' ' ref. to, 
158 
Slyhoof, Maria, mention of, '276 
Sarah, mention of, 276 
Michael, mention of, 276 
Margaret, mention of, 276 
Small 's ' ' Genealogical Eecords, ' ' 

ref. to, 124 
Smith, Eev. Dr. Wm., his account 
of Mr. MoClenaehan 's fol- 
lowers, 47, 48 
Eev. Dt. Wm., letter in ref. to 

Eev, Dr. Jacob Duehe, 49 
Eev. Dr. Wm., ref. to, 51, 52, 
80, 82, 83, 84, 86, 87, 88, 
91, 214 
Eev. Dr. Wm., "no Clergyman 

more disagreeable, ' ' 83 
Eev. Dr. Wm., "refusal of, 
an unpardonable crime," 83 
Eev. Dr. Wm., letter to the 
Bishop of London, 76, 77, 
78 
Eev. Dr. Wm., "Life and 
Correspondence of," ref. to, 
76, 77 
Eev. Dr. Wm., portrait of, 

facing p. 77 
Eev. Dr. Wm., letter to, in 

ref. to Mr. Neill, 81 
Eev. Dr. Wm., letter of, in 

ref. to Mr. Magaw, 96 
Eev. Dr. Wm., calls conven- 



tion of Md. clergy, Am. P. 
E. church, 103 
Smith, Eev. Dr. Wm., chosen bishop 

of Md., 103 
Smith's Laws, ref. to, 40 
Society Hill, origin of name, 25 
for Propagating the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts, mentioned, 
10, 46, 49, 67, 70, 71, 79, 
84, 86, 88, 90, 96, 174 
for the, see also Venerable 

Soc. 
of Antiquarians of Edin- 
burgh, mentioned, 179 
of the P. E. Church for the 
Advancement of Christian- 
ity in Pa., mentioned, '200 
Springer, Geo., mention of. 111 
Spurgeon, ref. to, 151 
Stamp and Quartering Acts, ref. 

to, 75 
Standley, Wm., notice of, 276 

Wm., grandson, mentioned, 

276 
Eichard, mentioned, 276 
Hugh, mentioned, 276 
Elizabeth Fulton, mentioned, 
276 
Stanley, Capt. Norris, mention of, 
3 
Norris, account of, 231 
State has right to regulate use of 
all property, 11 
and Church, the former must 
exercise its control some- 
times, 63 
policy of, with resi^ect to 
tenure of property held by 
religious societies, 190 
House, Sale of, authorized, 8 
House, in relation to St. 

Paul's, 28 
House, ref. to, 29, 46, 51, 71, 
93, 111, 114, 214, 215 
Statutes at Large of Penna., ref. 
to, 40 



303 



Sntitj to ^uhint^* 



Stevenson, Cornelius, account of, 
228 
Cornelius, portrait of, facing 

p. 228 
Mary May, notice of, 228 
Wm., Sr,, notice of, 228 
Ann Groebe, notice of, 228 
Wm., notice of, 228 
Cornelius, notice of, 130 
Stevens, Eev. Dr, Chas. Ellis, rec- 
torship of, 179, 180 
Eev. Dr. Chas. Ellis, portrait 

of, facing p. 180 
Ella M. A., notice of, 180 
Rt. Eev., on Bishop White, 74 
Et. Eev., mentioned, 147 
Stewart, Henry, notice of, 68 
Mary Ann, notice of, 68 
Caroline, notice of, 68 
Washington, notice of, 68 
Eobert, notice of, 68 
Gen. Walter, children of, 68 
Walter, notice of, 68 
Wm., notice of, 68 
Story & Humphreys, Printers, men- 
tion of, 99 
Stotesbury, Arthur, account of. 
220 
Eichard G., notice of, 220 
Eichard G., notice of, 277 
James M., notice of, 277 
Mary Ann, notice of, 277 
Stringer, Eev. Wm., rectorship of, 
86-95 
Eev. Wm., "ordained irregu- 
larly," 87 
Eev. Wm., applied to by St. 

Paul's Congregation, 88 
Eev. Wm., his evening lec- 
tures, and action of Lodge 
No. 2, 90 
Eev. Wm,, validity of his or- 
dination questioned, 90 
Eev. Wm., rendered persona 
non grata to St. Paul's, 90 
Eev. Wm., dissolution of his 



connection with St. Paul's 

92 seq. 

Sturgeon, Eev. Wm., note on, 50 

Eev. Wm., his view of St. 

Paul's Congregation, 50, 51 

Eev. Wm., on Mr. MeClen- 

achan's Eloquence, 51 
Eev. Wm., on his dismissal 
from Christ Church, 51, 52 
Eev. Wm., ref. to, 53, 70, 71 
Sunday, Observance of, 60 seq. 
Sunday-school Ass'n P. E. Church, 
organization of, 170 
mentioned, 171 
Supreme Court of Pa., ref. to, 8, 
12, 13, 190 
Court of U. S., ref. to, 9, 54 
Court of Va., ref. to, 192 
Susquehanna Coal Co., ref. to, 5, 12 
Swanwick, John, notice of, 277 
Swedish Settlers, ref. to, 32 
Swift, John, note on, 133 

Tammany, Sons of St., ref. to, 22 
Tennant, Eev. Gilbert, ref. to, 46 
Thefts, mysterious, enumerated, 

42, 43 
Thirty-nine Articles, The, ref. to, 
35, 73, 88 
Articles, ref. to, 195, 197 
Thomas, John W., notice of, 44, 
163 
Gabriel, his publication of 

1698, ref. to, 27 
Geo. Clifford, account of, 277, 

278, 279 
John W., notice of, 277 
Ada E. Moorhead, notice of, 

278 
Geo. C, his charity lauded, 44 
Geo. C, Memorial Church, ref. 

to, 44 
Geo. C, organized Sunday- 
school Ass'n P. E. Church, 
170 
"History of Printing in 
America, ' ' ref. to, 78 



304 



I^isitotg ot felt paurgi Cpigicopal C^uccli, 



Thomas, Library, famous works 
therein, mentioned, 278- 
Rev. Eieh'd Newton, men- 
tion of, 44 
Title Deeds, abstracts of, 206 seq. 
Tories, mention of, 94, 97 
Towne, Benjamin, mention of, 36 
Traders, Free Society of, ref. to, 

25 
Transfiguration, Church of the, 

mentioned, 177 
Trenton, ref. to, 67 
Trinity Church, N. Y. City, ref. 
to, 97 
Georgetown, mentioned, 174 
Church, Oxford, ref. to, 40, 

79, 115, 121 
Church, Sharon Springs, men- 
tioned, 163 
Church, Watertown, men- 
tioned, 169 
Episcopal Church, ref. to, 18 
Toland, Henry, Jr., notice of, 219 
Henry, Sr., notice of, 219 
Mary Huston, notice of, 219 
Sarah, Barnhill, notice of, 219 
Robert, notice of, 219 
Trenton, battle of, ref. to, 268 
Trinity Church, N. Y., mentioned, 

250 
Tun Tavern Lodge, its place of 

meeting, 33 
Turner, Joseph, mention of, 36 
Twells, Sarah Standley, mention 
of, 276, 279 
Godfrey, mention of, 276 
Elizabeth, mention of, 276 
Godfrey, account of, 279 
Elizabeth, mention of, '279 
Godfrey, Jr., mention of, 279 
Standley, mention of, 279 
Edward, mention of, 279 
Sarah W. C, mention of, 279 
Richard, mention of, 279 
Tyndale's New Testament, ref. to, 

278 
Tyng, Rev. Dr., mentioned, 269 

21 305 



Tyng, Ann De Wolf Griswold, notice 
of, 138 

Rev. Dudley A., mention of, 
135, 139, 147 

Rev. Dudley A., notice of, 
137, 140, 168 

Rev. Dudley A., Memorial 
meeting in honour of, ref. 
to, 159 

Rev. Dr; Stephen H., is author- 
ity for remarkable state- 
ment, 47 

Rev. Dr. Stephen H., sermon 
of, at consecration St. 
Paul's, ref. to, 116 

Rev. Dr. Stephen H., portrait 
of, facing p. 135 

Rev. Dr. Stephen H., rector- 
ship of, 135-140 

Rev. Dr. Stephen H., chief 
printed works of, 138 seq. 

Rev. Dr. Stephen H., men- 
tioned, 145, 146, 159, 163 

Susan W. Mitchell, note on, 
138 

Union College, mentioned, 172 
United Congregations Christ and 
St. Peter's Churches, ref. 
to, 51, 52, 53, 87, 102, 112 
Congregations, the clergy of, 
interest themselves in St. 
Paul's, 90 
Union League, mentioned, 163, 220, 
279 
Pacific R. R. Co., mentioned, 

274 
School and Children's Home, 
mentioned, 171 
United States, the making of the, 
ref. to, 49 
observes Washington 's birth- 
day, 110 
Navy, ref. to, 169 
Bank, mentioned, 219 
First Bank, mentioned, 228 
Z7. S. Gazette, quoted, 217 



3lnti« to ^ubiett^. 



University of the City of N. Y., Washington, Gen, Geo., officers in 



mentioned, 179 

of Wooster, O., mentioned, 
180 

of Penna., mentioned, 29, 32, 
52, 73, 96, 101, 103, 123, 
142, 145, 147, 154, 155, 158, 
161, 168, 177, 178, 179, 199, 
200, 215 

Hospital, mentioned, 181 

Valley Forge, sale of, proposed, 8 
winter quarters at, 93 
Centennial and Memorial 
Ass'n of, ref. to, 189 
Van Brunt, Rutgers, mention of, 

99 
Vault, every, a sacred depository, 

18 
Venerable Soc, letter to, rel. to 
St. Paul's, 81 
Soc, ref. to, 84, 90, 96, 100 
Soc, see also Soc. Propag. 
Gospel in Foreign Parts. 
Versailles in the time of Louis 

XIV., ref. to, 49 
Vestry, minutes of the, ref. to, 

269 
Vestrymen, List of, 269-280 
Vining, Capt. Benjamin, notice of, 
97 
Mary, notice of, 97 
Virginia Theological Seminary, 

mentioned, 144 
Voigt, Henry, mention of, 111 

Wagner, Richard, mention of, 278, 

279 
Walsh, Stevenson Hockley, notice 

of, 228 
Washington, Gen'l Geo., notice of, 
200 
"Farewell Address" of, ref. 

to, 270 
patriotic appeal of, 279 
Martha, note on, 278 



forces of, 4 

letter of, commending City 
Troop, ref. to, 4 

his headquarters at Valley 
Forge, ref. to, 8 

ref. to, 22, 50, 68, 91, 97, 106, 
118, 139, 172 

Gen. Geo., crossed Delaware, 
67 

Gen. Geo., defeated at Bran- 
dywine, 92 

Gen. Geo., defeated at Ger- 
mantown, 93 

Gen. Geo., victorious at York- 
town, 94 

Gen. Geo., styled "Cinein- 
natus," 100 

Gen, Geo., thanked by Grand 
Lodge of donation to poor, 
106 

Gen. Geo., his birthday ob- 
served, 110 

Gen. Geo., when initiated into 
Free Masonry, 139 

Mary, note on, 192 

College, Md., mention of, 103 

Grays Artillery Corps, men- 
tioned, 160 
Wayne, Gen. Anthony, suggests 
Valley Forge winter quar- 
ters, 93 
Wesley, Rev. John, mention of, 56, 

113, 114, 115 
West, Capt. Josiah, notice of, 250 

Mary Gould, notice of, 250 

Caroline, notice of, 250 

Westcott, Thompson, ' ' Historic 

Mansions and Buildings of 

Phila.," ref. to, 22 

"Westover" Plantation, ref. to, 

49 
West Point Military Academy, 

mentioned, 141 
Wharton, Anne H., "Salons Co- 



306 



m&totTf ot §)t paursi episcopal CSutcj; 



lonial and Eepublican, ' ' ref . 
to, 94 
Wharton, mention of, 231 
Robert, mention of, 8 
Whelen, Henry, Jr., note on, 62 
Laura Baker, note on, 62 
Wldskey Insurrection, ref. to, 22, 

270 

White, Eev. Dt. Wm., referred to, 

54, 91, 98 

Eev. Dr. Wm., chosen Pres. 

first Gen'l Convention, 103 

Et. Eev. Dr. Wm., consecrated 

St. Paul's, 43, 136 
Rt. Eev. Dr. Wm., ref. to, 56, 
73, 74, 95, 106, 111, 138, 
141, 143, 147, 156 
Et. Eev. Dr. Wm., "Me- 
moirs," ref. to, 102 
Et. Eev. Dr. Wm., portrait of, 

facing p. 104 
Et. Eev. Dr. Wm., conse- 
crated Bishop, 104 
Et. Eev. Dr. Wm., holds 1st 

ordination, 104 
Et. Rev. Dr. Wm., "Me- 
moirs," ref. to, 106 
Whitefield, Eev. Geo., ref. to, 47, 
73, 75, 76, 77, 86 
Rev. Geo., his coming to Phil- 
adelphia, 52, 53 
Rev. Geo., preaches at Christ, 
St. Peter's and St. Paul's 
Churches, 53 
Rev. Geo., where he died, 53 
Whiting, Beverley, notice of, 126 

Betsy, notice of, 1'26 
Wilkinson, Anthony, notice of, 271 



Wilkinson, Elizabeth, notice of, 271 

Ann, notice of, 271 
Williams, John, martyr, mentioned, 
152 
Rt. Rev., mentioned, 54 
Willing, Capt. Chas., mention of, 
270 
Morris & Swanwick, mention 
of, 277 
Wilmer, Lambert, notice of, 199 
Wilson, Jas,, note on, 118 

Wm. Currie, notice of, 234 
James, notice of, 273 
Mary, notice of, 273 
Wilson's "Life of White," ref. 

to, 106 
Wood, John, notice of, 199 

John, member of the Grand 

Lodge, 4 
John, where buried, 4 
John, mention of, 23, 36, 105 
Joseph, note on, 124 
Woodland Cemetery, mentioned, 
219, 265 
Cemetery Co., ref. to, 5 

Yale College, mentioned, 179, 180 
Yellow Fever, ref. to, 200, 234, 

273 
Fever, mention of, 28, 111, 

116, 118, 143 
Young, John, mention of, 36 

Zion Ev. Lutheran Church, men- 
tioned, 111 
German Ref. Congreg., men- 
tioned, 189 



307 




• * • 



INDEX TO NAMES. 



Abbott, Edward, 269 

Abraham, 14, 15 

Adams, J. M., 164 

Adamson, Eev. Wm. S., 65, 176, 

177 
Agnew, Daniel, 13-15 
Aikman, Walter Monteith, 180 

Ella Monteith, 180 
Albright, 189 
Alexander, 5 

Christiana, 170, 236 

Jas., 3, 254, 255 

Elizabeth, 254 

Margaret, 255 

Eiehard, 3, 235 

Wm., 164 

Eachel P., 221 

Ann C, 235 

Eiehard C, '235 

Eiehard J., 236 

Wm.., 254, 269 

Eachel, 254 
Allen, 5, 165 

Eev. Benjamin, Jr., 65, 120, 
125-134, 165, 216, 217, 232 

Eev. Dr. Thos. G., 165 

Mary Ann C. A., 232 

Benjamin, 232 
Allison, Joseph, 10 
Ameran, Jane, 117 
Anderson, 5 

Ann, 238 

James B., 269 



Anderson, Wm., 238 

Mary, 238 
Andrews, 96 
Armat, 5 

Thos. Wright, 248 

Mary, 252 
Arrowsmith, J., 27 
Aspinwall, Wm. H., 160 
Auber, 5 

Jas., 224, 225 

Babb, 5 

Jane, 248 
Bache, Eiehard, 122 
Baker, Geo. A., 122 
Bankson, Andw., 29, 32, 39, 206, 
207, 208, 269 

Deborah, 32 

Martha, 31 

Sarah Allen, 32 

Jacob, 32 

John, 3'2 

John P., 7, 122, 164 

Lloyd, 164 
Barbazett, James, 255 

James, 255 
Barger, Elizabeth Donaven, 239 
Barker, 5 

John, Jr., 243 
Barnes, 5 

Eeachel, 246 

Joseph, 122 
Barratt, 5 



308 



^^igftotg ot fe»t ^mV0 CpfiScopal CSutcfi, 



Barratt, James, 255 

James, Jr., 220 

Mary Irvine, 4 

Norris Stanley, 24, 255, 281 

PMlip, 27 

Philip, Jr., 27 
Barton, Dr., 96 

Thos., 45, 92 
Bartram, 5 

Alexander, 269 

George, 269 

Jolin, M.D., 227 

Sarah S., 227 

Eobert, 255 
Bason, J., 164 
Bates, John, 199, 269 
Batwelle, Daniel, 92 
Bayard, Mrs., 145 

Thos. F,, 145 
Bayne, Eobert, 245 

Samuel P., 245 
Baynton, Elizabeth Bullock, 200 

Elizabeth Chevalier, 30 

Mary Budd, 30 

Peter, 30, 200 
Baynton, John, 29, 206, 207, 269 
Beach, Edmund, 29 
Beaks, Joseph, 237 

Jane, 237 

Capt. Joseph, 237 

Elizabeth, 237 

Sarah, 237 
Beale, J. L., 269 
Bearcroft, Eev. Dr., 69, 70, 71 
Beard, Elizabeth, 246 

Capt. Wm., 246 
Beatty, John, 117, 269 
Beck, Margaret, 261 

Paul, 101, 15& 

Margaret, 261 

Paul, Jr., 101, 261 

Mary Harvey, 261 

Wm. Currie, 262 
Becket, Thos. a, 20 
Bedell, Et. Eev. Gregory T., 12 
129, 131, 139, 140 



Bell, Ann, 256 

Eebecca A., 256 

Eobert F., 256 
Benezet, Jas., 29, 206, 207, 208, 
269 

John, 206 

Philip, 269 
Benham [Bonham], Ephraim, 206, 

207, 208 
Bennet, Maria, 261 
Benson, Wm. Potter, 247 

Frederick, 247 

Peter, 247 

Jane, 247 

Jane P., 247 
Biekerton, George, 269 
Biggs, Mary, 242 

Ephraim, 242 

Thomas, 269 
Black, Susannah Kennedy, 263 

James, 263 

Susannah, 263 

Jeremiah F., 48 
Blair, Wm., 264 

Sarah, 264 

Samuel, 264 
Blatchford, Eev. Dr. Samuel, 125 
Bodger, Benjamin, 117 
Body, E., 164 

Bonham, Ephraim, 29, 31, 39, 269 
Boore, David, 33 
Bourn, John, 33 
Bowen, Thos., 257 

David, 257 

Penelope, 257 
Bowman, Et. Eev. Samuel, 144 

Eev. Samuel H., 175, 176 
Boyd, 5 

Catharine, 238 

Jas., 238 
Beyer, Eev. Dr. Samuel H., 65, 
175, 176 

Samuel, 175 

Elenore Simmons, 175 
7, Bradford, Wm., 39 

Samuel F., 122 
309 



Inhtt to iRameiS, 



Branson, David, 34 
Bridges, 5 

Capt. Geo., 257 

Alexander, 257 

Eobert, 257 

George, 257 
Bright, John, 117 
Bringhurst, Eev. Dr. Geo., 165 
Brooks, E. D., 148 

Eev. Phillips, 147 
Broom, Hannah, 263 

Thomas, 263 

Margaret, 263 
Broome, Thomas, 263, 269 

Letitia, 263 
Brothers, Michael, 34 
Brown, 5 

Mr. Justice, 9 

Wm., 148 

Andrew, 230 

Elizabeth, 230 

Mary, 230 

Geo., 230 
Browne, Peter A., 122 
Buckley, 5 

Wm., 208 

Sarah, 208 
Budden, Wm., 31 
Bullock, Esther Baynton, 200 

Geo., 200 

Joseph, 30, 199, 269 

Esther Baynton, 30 

Joseph, Jr., 200 

Sophia, 200 

Anna Maria, 200 
Burden, Jesse E., 164 
Burnet, Henry, 29 
Butler, 5 

Margaret, 240 

John, 266 

Mary, 266 

Henry, 266 

Sarah, 266 

Eev. Dr. Clement M., 147 

Cadwalader, Dr.' Chas. E., 7, 269 
Thos., 137 



Cameron, 5 

Wm., 117, 244 

Jas., 245 
Campbell, Thos., 29, 31, 39, 206, 
207, 208 

John M., 18 

John, Sr., 36, 218, 269 

Mary, 218, 219 

Dr. John, 199, 218 

Mary Wood, 199 
Campion, Mrs., 222 

Margaret, 222 

Catharine, 222 

J. B., 222 
Canadine, Thos., 31 

Martha Fleeson, 31 
Cannon, Ann, 210, 240 
Cardan, Eev. Eichard, 147 
Carr, Ann Jane, 170 

Wm. Wilkins, 170 
Carson, 5 

Eobert, 33, 240 

Hampton L., 273, 286 

Elizabeth Yeaton, 240 
Carteret, 5 

Jas. P., 249 

Daniel, 249 

Emily, 249 
Cash, Caleb, 32 

Eebecca, 32 
Caskey, 5 

Mary, 265 

Eobert, 265 
Cathers, Wm., 117 

Elenor, 217 
Cave, Cathrane, 261 

Thomas, 261 
Chapman, Eev. Walter, 77, 86, 87 
Carlton, Thos., 29, 33, 39, 206, 207, 

208-, 210, 269 
Chase, Et. Eev., 127 
Chesterfield, Lord, 73 
Chew, Benjamin, 67 
Childs, Allen, 131 
Christy, 258 

Eebecca, 258 



310 



I^isftor? ot ^t ^mV0 (Kpigfcopal CSurcfi^ 



Christy, James, 25S 

Eobert, 258 

Wm., 258 

Robert, Jr., 258 
Churcli, PhUip, 68 

Anne Stewart, 68 
Clapier, Mary Heyl, 239 
Clark, 5 

Danl., 30 

John, 242 

Mary, 244 

Jeffrey, 244 

Rev. John A., 146 

William H., M.D., 270 
Claxton, 5 

John, 119, 128, 205, 270 

A., 164 

Rev. Dr. Robert B., 165, 168 
Claypoole, 5 

Jas., 30, 39, 270 

David C, 100, 270 

Elizabeth, 270 

Geo., 117, 243, 270 

Wm., 117 

Mary, 24, 270 

Dr. Wm., 243 

Catharine, 243 
Clayton, Rev. Thos., 26, 27, 28 
Clayton, Susannah, 261 
Coates, Samuel, 32 
Cohoon, Josiah, 267 
Coit, Rev. Dr. Henry A., 168 

Rev. Dr. Joseph H., 168 
Colket, C. Howard, 234 
Connelly, 5 

Rebecca Robinson, 259 

Isaac, 259 
Conrad, Hy. I., 177 

Hannah S. Kay, 177 

Rev. Dr. Thos. Kittera, 65, 
177, 178 
Consort, 6 
Conway, Susannah, 222 

William, 270 
Conyngham, Mrs. Hayfield, 68 
Cook, Samuel, 45 



Cooke, Jay, 7, 148, 270 
Cooper, Cornelia, 170 
Copley, John Singleton, 199 
Copper, 6 

Abraham Geo., 239 

Elizabeth, 239, 270 

Capt. Norris, 239, 270 

Jas. Norris, 243 

Annie Sayles, 243 

Sarah, 221 
Coulty, Samuel, 258 
Cowell, 6 

Mary, 218 
Cox, 5 

James, 270 

Maria C, 255 

Capt. John 255 

Martha, 255 
Coxe, Mr., his son-in-law, 117 
Craig, Geo., 45, 92 
Craven, 6 

Crawford, Dr. Samuel, 177 
Croley, Rev. Geo., 133 
Cromwell, 6 

his wife, 117 

Rev. Joseph, 98 

Oliver, 49 

Ann, 224, 252 

John, 252 

Mary, 252 

Margaret, 252 
Cummings, 6 

Norris Stanley, 148 

Geo., 162 

Elizabeth Tate, 162 

Simon, 162 

Wm., 3, 148, 161, 220, 221, 
2.54, 271 

Emily Alexander, 220 

Mary Irvine, 220 

Cora Monges, 220 

Mary Alexander, 221 
Curren, Nathaniel, 31 
Currie, 6 

Sarah, 234 

Wm., M.D., 234 



311 



SnlifjE to jRamegi. 



Curtis, 6 

Mary, 244 

Abigail, 244 

John, 244 

Elizabeth, 244 

Jacob B., 244 

John H., 244, 271 

Sarah O., 244 
Cuthbert, Thos., 33, 271 

Darlington, Joseph G.j 271 

Daughty, 6 

David, John, 210 

Davies, Samuel N., 130, 170, 223 

Eebecea, 223 

Herbert S., 223 

Samuel N., 2d, 228, 271 

Elizabeth B., 223 

Chas. Edward, 223 
Davis, John, 117 

Mrs., 117, 222 

Elizabeth, 117, 260, 261 

Wm., 222 

Perry, 222 

Wm., 2d, 222 

Justinian F., 222 

Isabella Price, 260 

Andrew, 260, 261 

Elizabeth, 260, 261 

Mary, 260, 261 

Wm. Price, 261 
Davy, Eichard, 117 
Dawson, Joshua, his child, 117, 252 

Ann, 252 

Sarah, 253 
Deaver, Dr. John B., 250 

Caroline E., 250 
Deacon, Gilbert, 272 
De Bray, Susannah Auber, 224 

Daniel, 224 
Delany, Lydia, 184, 185 
Delavan, Catharine, 263 

Wm., 263 

Catharine Amanda, 263 
Delavan, Joseph, 272 
DesUver, 6 



Desilver, Margaret, 262 

Eobert, 263 

Ann, 263 
De Wolfe Howe, Eev. Dr. Mark A., 

147 
Dickenson, Dr. Willm., 29 
Dickinson, Jonathan, 28 
Dilworth, Sarah, 224 
Doane, Et. Eev., 141 
Dodge, Ezra, 164 
Dogherty, Jas., 117 
Donaven, 6 

Capt. John, 239 

Mary, 239 
Dorr, Eev. Dr., 147 
Dougherty, Jas., 36, 199, 272 
Doughty, Ann, 242 

Jas., 242 

Margaret, 242 
Dowers, John, 272 
Doyle, John, 34 

Doz, Andrew, 29, 32, 33, 39, 105, 
199, 206, 207, 208, 272 

Martha, 32, 210 

Philip, 32 

Eebecea Cash, 32 

Eebecea, 210 
Drais, Daniel, 253 
Dray tons, the, 91 
Drexel, Anthony J., 278 
Drummond, Capt. Patrick, 67 

Ann Bell, 67 
Dubois, Claudius, 33 
Duche, Anthony, 33 

Eev. Jacob, 49, 50, 53, 82-83, 
87, 88> 91 

Elizabeth H., 50 

Sarah Coats, 33 
Duff, Edward, 221 
Duffield, Abraham, 272 

John, 40 
Du Plessis, Peter le Barbier, 234, 
235 

Geo., 235 

Helena, 235 

Sophia, 235 



312 



i^igitor^ of fe)t ^auV0 (Episfcopal C5utc$. 



Du Plessis, Mrs., 117 

Dupuy, Dan'l, 34, 272 

Durborrow, Chas. B., 7, 148, 272 
Rev. Dr. Samuel, 165, 169 

Durell, Wm., 121 

Earnest, Jacob, 221 

Geo. W., 221 

Esther, 221 

Elizabeth, 221 

Eliza D., 221 

Jas., 221 

Hester, 221 
Eecles, 6 

Alice, 266 

James, 266 
Edward, Edward, 117 
Edwards, 6 

Howard, 148 
Elders, David, 117 
Eldred, Rev. Wm., 133 
Ellis, 6 

Jas., 225 

Sarah, 225 
Elmslie, 6 

Virginia, 261 

Louis, 261 

Susan, 261 
Ernes, 6 

Worsley, 246, 272 
Emory, Charles, 272 
Entrikin, T., 122 

Thos., 122 
Erben, Rev. Dr. W., 165 
Erwin, 6 

Etting, Solomon, 40 
Evans, 6, 77 

Wm. M., child of, 226 

Elizabeth C, 226 

P., 267 
Falconer, Capt., 42 
Falkner, Lester, 29, 42 
Fannen, 6 

Anthony, 256 
Farr, 6 

Jas., 7 



Farr, Jas. M., 148, 272 

John, 155, 165, 169, 222, 272 

J., 221 

Edward, 222 

Edward, 2d, 222 

Elizabeth Parker, 266 

WiEiam, 266 

William A., 272 

Elizabeth, 266 
Fawcett, Owen, 152 
Fearon, Joseph, 272 
Feinour, 6 

Geo., 222 

Margaret, 222^ 

Ann, 222 

Wm., 222 

Geo. T., 222 
Fennell, 6 

Odell, 251 

Edmund, 251 

Margaret, 251 
Fenton, 6 

Eleazer, 7, 148, 272 

Thos., Jr., 117 
Ferguson, 6 

Elizabeth, 238 

Jas., 238 
Field, 6 

Mrs., 117 

Barbary, 266 

Peter, 266 
Findley, Wm., 204 
Finley, Francis, 117 
Fisher, Miers, 32 

Rev. Dr. Chas., 165 
Fitzgerald, 6 

Elizabeth, 256 

Lydia, 256 

Robert, 256, 272 

Mary, 256 

Kaziah, 256 
Fitzrandolph, 6 

Isaac, 237, 272 
Fleeson, 6 

Catharine, 31 

Martha Bankson, 31 



313 



Snbei to 0amt0, 



Fleeson, Plunkt, 29, 30, 31, 32, 36, 
39, 105, 199, 200, 206, 207, 
208, 210, 239, 272 
^ Thos., 31 

Rebecca Britton, 31 
Flower, 6 

Martha, 32, 210 

Thos., 249 

Thos., Sr., 249 

Hannah, 249 
Foot, 6 

Mary, 260 
Ford, Philip, 272 
Forder, 6 

Jas., 253 
Forrest, 6 

Edwin, 152, 221 

Henrietta, 221 

Wm., 221 

Caroline, 221 ' 

Eebeeca, 221 

Elenora, 221 

Lorman, 221 

Wm., Jr., 221 

Joan, 206 
Fowles, Jas. H., 1^5 
Fox, Mrs., her son, 117 
Francine, Catharine H., 275 

James L., 275 
Franklin, 33, 78, 91 
Fraser, John Fries, 178 
Frazer, Wm., 92 
Freburger, Elizabeth Seaborn, 234 

Peter, 234 
Fugett, Eev. Dr. J. P., 165 
Fyring, Philip, 41 

Gardner, Elizabeth, 170 
Garland, Rt. Eev., 286 
Gartley, Wm., 248 

Eliza Matilda, 248 

Wm., Sr., 248 

Eliza, 248 
Garwood, Wm., 119 
George, Henry, 7, 152 



John D., 7, 137, 148, 170, 272 

John, 33 

E. S. H., 148, 272 
Getz, Eev. Henry S., 169 
Gibbons, Eev. Dr. Hughes O., 15 
Gibson, John B., 48 
Gill, Geo. W., 256 

Harriet H,, 256 

Geo. Andrew, 256 
GiUinghan, George, 260, 264 

Mary, 260 
Girard, Stephen, 12 
Glenn, Thos. Allen, 285 
Glentworth, Dr. Peter, 117 

Dr. Geo., 4, 23, 164, 225 

Margaret Linton, 199 

Dr. Peter Sonmans, 199, 272 

Dr. Plunket Fleeson, 199, 205, 
225, 272 

Thos., 199 

Geo., 2d, 225 

Margaret, 225 

Walter, 225 

Mrs. Geo., 225 

Geo. P., 225 

Harriet, 225 

Alfred, 225 

Hannah L., 225 

Edward H., M.D., 225 

Mrs., 225 

John L., 225 

Harvey, 225 

Geo., 225, 272 

Theodore, 225 
Goddard, Eev. Dr. Kingston, Q5, 
147, 158-160 

MatUda S., 159 

John, 158, 261 

Mary Beck, 158 

Mary, 261 
Godfrey, John W., 272 
Godin, Mary, 117 
Golder, J., 164 
Goodman, Asa M., 37 

Walter, 29, 39, 206, 207, 208, 
272 



514 



^i&totis ot felt, paurss (Kpi^copal Cfiutc^* 



Goodwin, 6 

Geo., 33, 199, 272 

Jolm D., 137 

Dr. Daniel E., 147 

Susannah, 242 

John, 242 
Gosner, Daniel, 256 

Peter, 2.56 

Jas. T., 256 

Ann, 256 

Hester, 256 
Gowan, James, 272 

Francis I., 272 

Franklin B., 272 
Graham, Wm., 199 

Thomas, 273 

John, 266 
Greatorex, Lawrence, 155 
Green, Samuel, 59 

Edward A., 27 

Dr., his child, 227 
Griswold, Et. Eev., 135 
Groves, John, 273 
Guerin, 6 

Geo., 224 

Mary Ann, 224 
Gummey, J., 189 
Gunary, Mary, 262 
Gurling, Abram, 273 
Gurney, Catharine Eoss, 30 

Henry, 30 

Catharine, 216 

Halberstadt, 6 

Geo., 251 

Anne, 251 

Ann, 252 
Hale, Eev. Ghas. E., 169 
Hall, David, 29^ 39, 273 

Capt. David, 4, 23 

Parry, 230, 273 

Mary, 230 

Eev. Eichard D., 230 

Parry Pilmore, 230 

Eev. E. Drayson, 230 

Mary Ann, 242 



Hall, Geo., 242 

Martha, 242 
Hamilton, Andrew, 29, 34 
Hancock, Eichard, 33 
Hanson, Jonathan, 34 
Harding, Jesper, 194 
Hare, Dr., 147 
Hargrave, Joseph, 34 
Harman, 6 

J. H., 148 

Susanna Heyl, 239, 240 

Jacob, Sr., 240 
Harris, 6 

Jas., 30, 253 
Hartley, Joseph, 98 
Hawkins, Geo., 31 
Hayes, Samuel, 40 

Eobinina, 229 

Eobert, 229 
Hayward, Wm. H., 229 
Hazlewood, Commodore John, 31 

Esther Fleeson, 31 
Henry, Patrick, 91 
Heyl, Dorothea, 239 

Elizabeth, 239 

George, 239 

George A., 240 

George Thomas, 239 

Mary, 239 

Susanna, 239 

William, 239 
Hey wards, the, 91 
Hickenbottom, Alex. C, 29 
Hicks, Sarah Keller, 246 

Wm., 246 
Hinton, George, 117, 253 

Barbary, 253 
Holland, 6 

Nathaniel, 137, 273 

Benj., 248 
Hollingsworth, Levi, 205, 273 

Henry, 273 

Mary, 273 

Paschall, 273 

Zebulon, 273 
Holmes, Mrs., 117 



315 



Inttn to Bsimt0, 



Holson, Charles, 273 
Hood, 6 

Kebecca S., 221 

Francis, 221 
Hoot, 6 

John, 266, 273 
Hopkinson, 214 
Hoppe, Mary K., 15 
Howard, John, 29, 33, 274 
Hozey, 6 

Jane, 259 

Isaac, 259 
Huckel, Eev. Wm., 168 

John, 262 

Wm., 262 

Susanna, 262 
Hughes, Esther, 228 
Hulsekamp, 6 

Elizabeth, 257 

Garrett, 257 
Hyde, 6 

John, 246 

Mary, 257 
Hunt, 6 

Mary, 238 

Eichard, 238 
Huston, John, 219 

lann, Ann, 266 
lann, 6 

Ann, 266 
Inglis, Chas., 45, 92 
Irish, Nat., 34 
Irnitz, Jacob, 30 
Irvine, 6 
Irving, 6 

Ann, 217 

Catharine, 217 

David, 217 

John, 217, 251 

Eev. Edward, 133 



Jefferson, Thos., 146 
Jenney, Eev. Dr., 25 
Johnson, 6 

Eichard, 119, 128, 205, 240, 
274 

Elizabeth Heyl, 239 

Dr., 73 

Frances Sophia, 240 

Elizabeth, 240 

Fred. Seeger, 240 

John, 267, 274 
Johnston, Samuel, 117, 217 

John, 32, 233 

Sarah, 233 

Eleanor, 233 

Catharine, 233 

Wm. P., 237 
Jones, 6 

Gibbs, 23 

Jane, 23 

Jane (Crapp), 23 

John, 23, 31 

Capt. Gibbs, 22, 23 

Eev. Edward C, 168 

Col. Blathwaite, 4, 22, 23, 31, 
274 

Mark T., 222 

Susannah, 222 

Susan Shade, 258 

Thomas, 258 

Ann Maria, '258 

Maria W., 258 

John Fergusa, 258 

Susan, 258 

John Colem, 258 
Jordan, 6 

Dr. John W., 38 

Catharine, 227 
Josephson, Manuel, 40 
Josiah, Emmanuel, 232, 274 

Ann, 232 



Jackson, William, 274 
Jacobson, 6 

Hans, 265 
James, 6 



Keble, 6 

Abigail Spicer, 200 
John, 199, 219, 274 

Keen, 6 



316 



i^isitot? ot &t ^mV0 (Cpisicopal Cfiurc^, 



Keen, Gregory B., 23 

Matliias, 117^ 245 

Mary, 245 

Matthias V., 245, 274 

Elizabeth Hood, 245 

Gregory Bernard, 286 
Keller, Adam, 246 

Elizabeth, 246 
Kemper, Et. Eev., 141 
Kerr, Walter, 122 
Kimmey, Henry M., 7, 148, 274 
Kincaid, 10 
King, Robert P., 173, 274 

Daniel J., 274 

Jas., Jr., 274 

Leroy N., 274 
Kirk, 6 

Josiah W., 236 

John Palmer, 236 

Eli, 236 

Elizabeth M., 236 
Kirkham, Chas., 243, 274 

Deborah, 243 

William, 274 
Kirkpatrick, Josephine Spooner, 
223 

Wm., 223 
Kittera, Thos., 8, 130, 218 

Thos. Wilkes, 218 

Ann Moore, 218 
Knowles, John, 29, 206, 207, 208 

John, 274 
KoUock, Cornelius, 265 

Lieut. Jacob, Jr., 265 

Mary Leech, 265 

Mary Eogerson, 265 
Kyn, Joran, 23 

Lafayette, Gen'l, 99, 199 
Lake, Ann, 228 

Thos., 228 

•Caroline, 229 
Lammor, Susan P., 262 

Daniel, 262 
Lane, Mrs,, 117 

Wm., 247, 274 



Lane, Mary, 247 
Langman, Edward, 117 
Lansdale, W. M., 186 
Lapsley, Thos., 117 
Laskey, 6 

Margaret, 238 

Edward, 238 

Catharine, 238 
Latimer & Co., 131 

Thos., 7, 148, 274, 

Eev. Geo, A,, 168 
Lea, Mrs. Arthur H., 239 
Leach, Frank Willing, 285 

Josiah Granville, 200, 286 
Leacock, John, 85 

Samuel, 31 

Esther Fleeson, 31 
Leadbetter, Geo., 30 
Leah, 15 
Leamy, 6 

John, 220 

Mrs., 220 

Ann, 220 

Elizabeth, 220 
Ledlie, 6 

Wm., 218 
Ledru, John, 33 

Josh., 34 
Lee, Eiehard Hy., 91 
Leech, 6 

Thos., 29, 206, 274 

Tobias, 29 

Esther Ashmead, 29 

Margaret, 232 

Capt. Thos., 232 

Charlotte, 232 

WiUiam, 30 
Lees, John, 30 
Leevers, Eobert, 274 
Lewis, Chas. S., 172 

Jacob, 206 

Michael, his son, 117 
Libby, Capt. Benj. F,, 134 
Linton, John, 31, 199 

Martha Bankson, 31, 199 
Lippincott, Samuel, 122 



317 



3}nbC3E to igaim0. 



Littlejolin, Et. Eev. Dr. Abram N., 

176 
Livingston, 91 

Marian Alexandra, 226 
Lloyd, Peter Z., 204 
Lohra, Mrs. Mary, 117, 275 

John, 164, 275 

Catharine Houck, 275 

Ann, 275 
Long, Michel, 260 
Lougeay, 6 

Amy, 264 

Anthony, 264 

Phebe, 264 
Loper, Eichard Fanning, 148, 152, 
223, 275 

Wm. P., 223 

Emily Weaver, 223 

Josephine Kirkpatrick, 223 

Marie L., 223 
Lowber, Edward, M.D., 279 

Elizabeth Iwells, 279 
Lower, Joseph, 211 
Lowry, 6 

AbigaU, 244 

Margaret, 244 
Lyon, Solomon, 40 

Macclenachan [MeClenaehan], Eev. ' 
William, 29, 35, 45-49, 64, 
66-78, 194-96 
Mary, 219 
Mackarall, Thos., 30 
Mackensie, Kenneth, 30 
Mackey, Mrs., 225 
Maepherson, 6 

Capt. John, 22, 235 
Gen'l Wm., 23, 235 
Eliza Gates, 235 
Magaw, Eev. Dr. Samuel, 32, 36, 
65, 92, 96-112, 199, 216 
Lucia Doz, 32 
Manning, 6 

Elizabeth, 229 
Eobert H., 229 
Grizelda, .229 

318 



Marey, Francis, 117 
Markoe, Abraham, 30, 42 

Elizabeth Baynton, 30, 42 
Marple, Elizabeth E., 222 
Marsh, Mary Louisa, 265 

Elias, 265 
Marshall, Mary, 223 

Amor, 223 

Frances Matilda, 223 

Ann Elizabeth, 223 

Joseph Y., 223 
Martin, Eev. John, 168 

John Hill, 9 

J. Willis, 185 
Masden, Benjamin, 248 

Prudence, 248 

Benjamin, Jr., 248 

Hannah, 248 

Ann S., 248 

Eichard, 275 
Mason, Thos., 31 

Ann, 31 
Matlack, Eev. Dr. Eobert C, 165, 

Timothy, 270 

Elizabeth Claypoole, 270 
Matthews, John, 205, 225, 275 

Mary, 225 

Matthew, 225 

Elizabeth, 251 

James, 251, 275 
May, Eev. Dr. Jas., 65, 143, 144, 
165 

Eobert, 143 

Adam, 228 

Catharine Diehl, 

Ellen Stuart Bowman, 144 

Thomas Potts, 143 

Euth Potts, 143 
MeClenaehan [Macclenachan], 

Anne Drummond, 67 

Anne Drummond, 67 

Ann Darrach, 67 

Deborah, 67 

Blair, 4, 31, 67, 199, 219, 275 

Isabella, 72 

Jas., 66 



^i^toti^ of felt paur^ Cpisfcopal C^urcS. 



McClenachan, Janet B., 66 

Mary, 219 

Patty, 68 

Rev. William, 29, 35, 45-49, 
64, 66-78, 194-96 
MeClure, Mary, 184, 185 
McCloskrey, Et. Eev. Dr. Samuel 

A., 65, 141, 142, 165, 166 
MeCoskry, Miss E., 222 
MeCully, Thos., 181 
McGarvey, Rev. Dr. Wm. I., 65, 
180, 181 

Alexander, 180 

Mary J. C, 180 
Mcllvaine, Rt. Rev., 175 
McKay, Elizabeth, 242 

Thos,, St., 242 

Thos., Jr., 242 
MeKean, Robert, 45 

Thos., 48 
McMurtrie, Elizabeth Spooner, 223 
McNilans, Mary, 247 

John, 247 
MePherson, Geo., 249 

Daniel, 249, 250 

Daniel, Jr., 250 

Ann, 249, 250 

Ann Maria, 249 

Wm., 250 
Meer, John, Sr., 250 

Mary G. W., 250 
Mennick, Joseph P., 208 
Mervine, Wm. M., 285 
Metettal, Fred'k, 181 
Mifflin, Thos., 105, 214 
Miller, 6 

Joseph, 246 

John, 246 

Mary, 246 
Millett, Mr., 226 
Mitchell, 6 

Caldwell B., 160 

Jas. T., 8 

Thos., 218 

Mary Frances, 218 

Maria M., 218 



Mitchell, Jas., 218 
Moffett, Mr., 222 

Sarah, 234 

John Martin, 234 
Molier, 6 

Gulyann, 247 

Esther, 247 
Molleneaux, Jas., 117 
Monahan, Rev. I. €., 181 
Moorhead, Ada E., 278 

Joel Barlow, 278 

William Y., 270 
Moore, Thos., 164 

Rev. Dr. J. R., 165 

Rt. Rev. Richard C, 125, 126 

Jacob Vansciver, 245 

John, 245, 275 

Hannah, 245 
Morgan, Col. George, 30 
Morris, 4 

Anthony, 187, 206-208 

Israel, 187, 206-208 

Sarah, 206 

Robert, 67 

Samuel, 206, 208 
Morrison, 6 

Wm., 117, 245 

Sarah, 221, 245 
Morton, John, 234 

Sarah, 234 
Mory, 6 

Elizabeth, 237 

Capt. Lewis, 237 
Mountford, 226 
Moyes, John, 33, 261, 275 

James, 261, 275 

Mary, 261 

Ann, 261 
Moyston, 6 

Jane, 238 

Edward, 238 
Muhlenberg, Fred. A., 204 
Murdick, 6 

Mary, 237 

John, 237 

Hannah, 237 



319 



Knliej to jgameisi* 



Murdoch, Wm., 29, 164 
Murdock, Wm., Jr., 32 
Murphy, Michael, 117 
Murray, Alexander, 92 

John, 164 
Musgrove, James, 275 
Muskett, 6 

Thos., 244 

Ellen, 244 
Muskitts, Mrs., 117 
Myers, 6 

Anthony, 225, 226 

Isabella Rowley, 226 

Nally, 6 

Francis C, 257 

James S., 257 

Esther, 257 
Neave, Richard, 42, 243 
Neill, 6, 53 

Rev. Hugh, 64 
Neilson, 6 
Nelson, Geo., 34, 36, 199, 253, 

Wm., Ill, 247 

Ann, 247 

Sarah, 253 
Nesbitt, Alexander, 68 

J. M., 68 
NeviUe, Rev. Dr., 147 
Newcomb, Bayse, Jr., 122 
Newton, Richard, 145 

Elizabeth Cluett, 145 

Rev. Dr. Richard, 65, 145- 
161, 165, 211, 220, 222 

Rev. Dr. R. Heber, 65, 
155, 161-173 

Rev. Wm. W., 155, 170 
Nichola, Major Lewis, 34 
Nichols, Martha, 267 

James, 267 
Noble, Col., 66 
Norman, Joseph, 117, 205, 27i 

Margaret, 253 
Norris, Isaac, 28 
North, Phoebe, 227 

Jas. Bartram, 227 



North, Phoebe H., 227 
Richard, 2d, 227 
Mary Ann, 227 
Phoebe Emma, 227 
William, 227 
Richard, 123, 128, 205, 227, 

275 
Sarah S., 227 
Stephen, 227 
Alfred Augustus, 227 
Mary, 227 

Odell, John, 92 

Odenheimer, John W., 137, 165, 

166, 275 

Rt. Rev. Wm. H., DD., 147, 

152, 163, 165, 166, 168, 275 

Olyphant, Hannah, 217 

Onderdonk, Rt. Rev. H. N., 141, 

146 
O'Neaill, Neomai, 266 
Daniel, 266 
275 Ann, 266 

O'Neill, Daniel, 267 
Ord, Geo., 29, 33, 36, 39, 199, 275 
John, 29, 31, 33, 39, 206, 208, 
275 
Ormrod & Conrad, 111 
Oswald, Eleazer, 107, 108 

Page, S. Davis, 49 

iCol. Jas., 137 
157, Palmer, John, 29, 32, 36 

Deborah Bankson, 32 
148, Ann, 217 

Jonathan, 217 

Asher, 217 

Wm., 217 

Thos., 205, 217, 275 

John, 29, 32, 206, 207, 208, 
217, 236, 275 
5 Deborah, 236 

John, 2d, 236 

Alice M., 236 

John Bankson, 275 

John R., 236 
320 



^i0totiS ot &t paurjS episcopal C8utc5» 



Panton, Geo., 92 

Parker, Alvin Mercer, 223 

Joseph B. Bloodgood, 233 

Eiehd., 32, 262 

Matthew & son, 117 

Matthew, 248, 275 

Catharine, 248 

John, 248 

Joseph, 248 

Samuel, 248 

Lydia, 248 

Joseph Pilmore, 248 
Parsons, Thos., 187, 207, 208 
Paul, William, 275 
Parvin, Eev. Robert J., 153, 155 
Patterson, Eobert, 137 
Patton, 6 

Paxson, Mr. Justice, 13 
Payne, Jas., 32, 275 
Peale, Chas. "Wilson, 115 

James, 270 

Mary Claypoole, 270 
Pechin, Christopher, 34, 259, 2 

John, 128, 205, 218, 275 

John C, 164 

Almira, 170, 218 

George, 259 

Christiana, 259 
Pedicord, Caleb B., 98 
Pendletons, the, 91 
Penn, William, 25 
Penrose, Ann Fleeson, 200 

Sarah Moulder, 200 

Samuel, 31, 36, 199, 200, 2 

Thos., 33, 200 

Sarah Coats, 200 
Perry, John, 32 

James, 275 
Peters, 77 
Phile, John, 205, 275 

Frederick, 239, 240 

Elizabeth, 239 
Phipps, Lieut. Spencer, 66 
Pidgeon, Mary, 262 

David, 275 
Pigott, R., 164 

22 



Pilmore, Rev. Joseph, D.D., 48, 65, 
104, 112, 113-124, 205, 211, 
212, 216 
Pinckneys, the, 91 
Pitfield, Benjamin, 117 
Pleasants, Rev. Chas. E., 167 
Potter, 6 

Rt. Rev. Alonzo, 146, 147, 163, 
177 

George W., 275 

Peter Miercken, 226 

Richard, 226 

Catharine, 226 

Richard Cheslyn, 227 

Catharine Miercken, 227 
Powel, Samuel, 118, 187, 206, 207, 

208 
Pritchard, John Simes, 258 

Joseph, 258 

Elizabeth, 258 
Powers & Weightman, 62, 130 
Poyntell, William, 276 
75 Pratt, Rev. Dr., 146, 165 

Prendergast, Eev. Edmond F., 15 
Presley, John, 32 
Prevost, Andrew M., 122 
Price, 6 

Isabella, 260 

George, 260 
Pringle, Joseph, 263 
Pritchard, 6 
Procter, Proctor, 

Francis, Sr., 22, 237 
75 Anna Maria, 237 

Robert Charlton, 237 

Gen'l Thos., 4, 22, 23, 237 
Pullin, Robert, 276 
Pursell, Jos., 29 
Purvis, Wm., his wife, 117 

Quarry, Col., 27 

Ramzay, Mons., 66 
Randall, Caroline W., 250 

Edmund, 250 

Joseph C, 250 



321 



Intin to i^amt&. 



Randolph, Benj., 29, 276 

Isaac, 276 

Stephen, 265 
Bankin, 6 

Juliet Ann, 257 

Wm., 257 

Eandall, 250 
Raworth, 6 

Grace, 266 
Read, John, 276 

Martha, 241 

Francis, 241 
Reading, Philip, 45, 92 
Redles, G. Albert, 170 
Redner, Lewis H., 7 

Joseph J., 148 
Reed, Rev. Dr. J. Sanders, 165, 

166, 169 
Reichner, L, Irving, 244 
Reily, John, 29, 33, 39 
Renshaw, Chas., 233 

Wm., 233 

Mary Ann, 233 

Ann, 233, 236 

Francis J., 236 

Richard, 33, 199, 232, 233, 
236, 276 

Mary Erwin, 232, 233, 236 

Alice Johnston Neill, 232 
Richard, 2d, 233, 276 

Richard, 3d, 233 

Mary J., 233 

Richard, 4th, 233 
Rensselaer, 125 
Reynolds, 6 

Elizabeth, 216 
Rhinehard, Martin, 276 
Rhinelander, Rt. Rev. Philip M., 3, 

286 
Rhoads, Samuel, 206 

Mary, 252 

John, 252 
Richard, Thos., 29 
Richardet, 6 
Richards, Mary, 252 

John, 252 



Richardson, Wm., 172 
Ridgley, Nicholas, 97 

Mary Vining, 97 
Riley, John, 276 
Rimer, 6 

Mary, 217 

Thos., 217 
Rinedollar, 6 

Hester, 237 

Emanuel, 237 
Rivelly, 6 

Elizabeth, 221 

■Chas. M., 221 
Robbins, Samuel J., 205, 276 

Benjamin, 240, 241 

Ruth, 240 

Susan, 241 

John, 241, 276 

Alexander, 241 

Elizabeth, 241 

Susannah, 241 

Catharine, 241 
Roberdeau, 6 
Roberts, Hugh, 206 

Rev. Dr. Edmund, 165, 167 
Robinett, 6 

Margaret James, 230 

Mary McGlathery, 230 

Thos., 230 

Jas., 230 

Ferguson, 230 

Richard, 230, 236, 276 

Mary, 230 

Robert W. C, 230 
Robins, Thos., Sr., 72 

Leah Whalley, 72 
Robinson, Abraham, 117 

Daniel, 276 

Rebecca, 255 

Mary, 259 

Henry, 259, 260 

Benjamin, 260 

Samuel, 260, 276 

Judith, 260 

Joseph, 260 

Ruth, 260 



322 



^i^totv ot felt paurgf (CpiiSciJjpal C^ucc^. 



Eobinson, William, 276 
Eoclie, Eev. Dr. Robert T,, 65, 
175 

Wm. Hy., 174 

Sarah M. T., 174 
Romaine, Eev. Wm., 75^ 87 
Eose, Ann A., 223 

David, 223, 224 

Mary, 224, 247 

Eebecea, 224 

Samuel, 224 

Thos., 224 

Ann S., 224 

David, 2d, 224 

Abigail, 224 

Samuel, 2d, 224 
Eoss, Capt. Chas., 15 

Eev. Geo., 29 

John 29, 30, 33-36, 49-52, 
207, 216, 276 

Elizabeth, 216 

Elizabeth Morgan, 30 
Eow, 6 

Elizabeth, 217 

Capt. Edward, 217 
Rowland, Eev. Dr., 177 
Eowley, Jane B., 62 

Edward, 205, 225, 276 

Richard, 61, 62, 225, 226 

Ann, 226 

Horatio G., 226 

Ellen Ann, 226 

John, 226 

Edward, Jr., 226 

Mr., his child, 226 
Rush, 136 
Rushton, 6 

Nancy, 265 

Edward, 265 

William, 265 

Jane, 265 
Russell, Rev. Wm. C, 167 
Eyerson, 6 

Elizabeth, 230 

Thos., 230, 231 

Mary, 230, 231 



Sadler, 6 
174, Matthias, 239, 276 

Eleanor, 239 
Salaignac, Eloise, 229 
Savidge, John, 276 
Sayres, Edward S., 18, 101 
Scarborough, Et. Eev., 152 
Seaborn, 6 

Eobert C, 234 

Elizabeth, 234 
Seabury, Et. Eev. Samuel, 56, 105, 

115 
Seaman, Wm., 159 

Matilda S., 159 
Search, Christopher, 117 
Seckle, Lawrence, 276 
Sellers, Wm., 34 

Edward Jaquett, 265 
206, Sergeant, Thos., 204 
Seyfert, 6 

Conrad, 251 

Elizabeth, 251 
Shade, 6 

John v., 258 

Susan Warner, 258 

Peter, 258 
Shaffner, 6 

Deborah, 253 

Francis, 253 
Shafner, Francis, his wife, 117 
Sharp, Jeremiah T., 30 
Sharswood, 4, 10 
Shaw, Elizabeth Palmer, 217 

Samuel Adam, 255 
Shea, Shee, Walter, 29, 33, 276 
Shinkle, 6 

Mr., his child, 221 

Julia E., 221 
Shober, Dr. John B., 23 

Susannah B., 164, 170 
Shute, Atwood, 34 

William, 29, 34, 207, 208, 276 
Simpson, 6 

Ann, 227 

Wm., 227 

Eleanor, 227 
323 



SnlifjE to jRamr0. 



Simpson, Samuel^ 227 

Day, 227 

Geo., 227, 228 

Gustavus, 227 

Stephen Day, 228 

Mrs., 228 

Eleanor Day, 228 

Stephen, 228 

Mrs. Stephen, 228 

Julianna, 228 

Emeline, 228 
Skerrett, 6 

Joseph R. A., 221 
Skyhoof, Maria, 276 

Michael, 276 

Margaret, 276 

Sarah, 276 
Smethurst, Eichard, 276 
Smith, 6 

John, 34, 219 

Wm., 32, 276 

Dr. Wm., 45 

Col. Chas. Somers, 34 

Hy. Hollingsworth, M.D., 

Francis G., M.D., 34 

Atwood, 34 

Mary Hyde, 246 

Jonithin, 246 

Samuel, 285 
Snell, George, 254 

Capt. Jas., 254 

Eliza, 254 
Snyder, 6 

Mary A., 224 
Sonmans, Dr. Peter, 199 
Spain, 6 

Ann, 253 

Capt. Edward, 258 
Spear, Eev. Dr., 165 
Spenee, 6 

Andrew, 259 

Mary, 259 
Sparry, 6 

John, 229 
SpHlard, 6 

Matthew, 229 



Spillard, Mary, 229 

Jas. Alexander, 229 

Mary Ann, 229 

Maria, 229 

Elizabeth, 229 
Spooner, 6 

Catharine Mercer Baird, 223 
Spriggs, Catharine, 262 

James, 262 
Sprogell, John, Jr., 33 
Standley, Elizabeth Fulton, 276 

Hugh, 276 

Eichard, 276 

William, 276 
Stanley, 6 

Capt. Norris, 3, 231, 276 

Mary, 231 

William, 276 
Starkey, Eev. Dr. T. Alfred, 168 
Stavely, Wm., 116 
Stevens, Gov'r, 143 

Eev. Dr. Chas. Ellis, 65, 179, 
180 
34 Jas. E. P., 179 

Mary P. A., 179 
Stevenson, Jas., 31, 39, 277 

Ashfield, 117 

Mrs., her daughter, 117 

Ann, 228, 229 

Eobert, 228 

Wm., 228 

Peter, 228 

Margaretta, 229 

Cornelius, 205, 228, 276 

William, 277 
Stokes, Wm., 247 

Mary, 247 
Stewart, Aaron, 277 

Gen'l Walter, 22, 68 

Deborah MeClenachan, 67, 68 

Anne, 68 

Adam, 68 

Eobert, 68 

Samuel M., 277 
Stiles, 6 

Wm., & his apprentice, 117 

324 



^motv ot felt paur0 episcopal CJutcl. 



stiles, Wm., Jr., 117 

Mrs., 117 

Thos. T., 205, 276 

Haanah, 246 

Thos., 246 

Mary, 246 
Stockton, Chas., 164, 277 
Stoddard, John, 277 
Stotesbury, James M., 277 

Richard G., 7, 220, 277 

Arthur, 205, 220, 277 

Edward C, 219 

Helen L., 220 

Fannie B., 220 

James M., 277 

S. Louise, 220 

Mary, 220 

Mary Ann, 277 

Wm., 220 

Thos. P., 220 

Martha P., 220 
Stow, Chas., 29 
Stretch, Isaac, 29, 277 
Stringer, Rev. Wm., 64, 86-95 
Strong, Ashbel, 125 

Capt., his daughter, 117 
Stuart, Mary, 242 

John, 242 

Martha, 242 
Sturgeon, Wm., 45 
Sturgis, Peter, 277 
Suddards, Rev. Dr., 146 
Swan, Richd., 29 
Sw^anwick, John, 277 
Swain, Rolanda S., 231 
Symes, Rev. Br, Snyder B., 165 

Tallman, Elizabeth, 239 
Taylor, Richard, 29 

James N., 
Tennick, Andrew, his wife, 117 
Thackara, Catharine, 250 

Samuel, 277 

Wm., Sr., 250 
Thomas, John W., 7, 44, 148, 168, 
277 



Thomas, Ada E. Moorhead, 278' 
Zachariah, 117 
Gabriel, 27 

Geo. C, 57, 148, 277-79 
Richard Newton, 170 
Thomson, Edward, 278 

Jacob, 278 
Thompson, Richard, 164, 279 

Wm., 92 
Thomson, Edward Renshaw, 233 
E, E., 233 
Ann R., 233 
James, 264 
John, 264 
Jacob, 264 
Mary, 264 
Thorn, Zachariah, 117 
Tidmarsh, Giles, Jr., 31 
Tingley, Sam'l, 92 
Toland, 6 

Henry, 68 
Geo., 219 
Blair M., 219 
Mary H., '219 
Robert, 219 
H., 219 
Mary, 219 
Towers, Robt., 29, 39, 279 
Towne, Benjamin, 36, 200, 248', 

279 
Toy, John, 164, 205, 279 
Turnbull, Chas. Smith, M.D., 34 
Turner, 6 

John, 205, 244, 279 
Mary, 244 

Joseph, 199, 231, 279 
Sarah, 231 
Elizabeth, 231 
Rev. Joseph, 231 
Joseph M., 231 
Eliza, 231 
Esther, 231 
Twells, Elizabeth, 276 
Godfrey, 276, 279 
Sarah, 276 
Standley, 



325 



:snhn to ji^antfiS. 



Twells, Edward, 

Eichard, 
Tybout, James, 256 

Comfort (KoUoek), 256 
Tyng, Chas. R., 140 

Dudley A., 135 

Sarah H., 135 

Eev. Dr. Stephen H., 65, 135- 
140, 165 

Usher, Robt., 29 

Vallanee, John, 251, 279 

Margaret, 251 
Vanderhalt, 6 

Mary 240 
Van Dusen, Joseph B., 7, 148, 149, 

279 
Van Mannierck, Anthony, 218 

Ann Wood, 218 
Van Pelt, Peter, 164 
Vining, Capt. Benj., 97 

Mary, 97 
Vinton, Dr. Alexander H., 146 
Voigt, 6 

Waldo, Gen'l, 66 
Walker, Elizabeth, 223 
WaUace, Thos. Edward, 243 

William, 279 
Walsh, Stevenson Hockley, 228^ 
Wardden, Joseph, 29 
Warner, Margaret, 258 

Susan, 258 
Warton, John, 117 
Washburn, Eev. Dr. Louis C, 179 
Washington, Gen'l Geo., 4, 8, 22, 

50, 68, 91, 97, 106 
Watkins, 7 

Eichard, 252 

Thos., 252 

Euth, 252 

Wm., 252 
Watson, Rev. Dr. Benjamin, 165, 

168 
Wayne, Humphrey, 30 



Weaver, Matthew, 279 
Webb, Mary, 238 

John, 238, 249 

Margaret, 238 

Eachel, 249 

Thos., 249 
Weightman, Wm., 7 
West, Collins, 279 

Thomas, 279 
Weston, Ann, 219 
Wharton, 7, 42 

Eobert, 8 

John, 205, 260, 279 

Margaret, 260 

John, Jr., 260 

Wm., 260 
Wheaton, 7 

Enoch, 241 
White, Et. Eev. Wm., DD., 32, 68, 
217 

W. Blanch, 31 

Jas., 31 

John, 280 

Joseph, 280 

Thos., 34 
Whiteear, Thomas, 256 

Hester Gosner, 256 
Whitehead, Joseph, & child, 117 
Wigmore, 7 

Thomas, 258 

Susannah, 258 
Wilkinson, John, 31, 33, 280 
William, Thos., 249 

Wm., 249 

Thos., Sr., 249 

Mary Fenton, 249 
Williams, John, 32, 280 
Wilmer, Dr., 126 

Lambert, 36, 280 

Mary Barker, 199 

Mary Price, 199 

Simon, 199 
Wilson, 7 

Ann, 117 

E. & W., 211 

Mary, 249 



326 



^i0totif of S>t paur^ CpfiScDpal €Wtt% 



Wilson, Jas., 249 

Edward, 249 

John, 258 

William C, 258 
Wiltberger, Kev. Christian, 169, 
226 

Christian, 205, 210, 211, 226, 
280 

Ann, 226 

Hetty, 226 

Christian, 2d, 226 

Edward, 226 

George, 226 

Mr., his child, 226 

Maria S., 226 
Wisdom, Wm., 262 
Wise, Eev. Henry, 147 
Wistar, Wm., 40 
Wister, Chas, J., 200 

Eebecca BuUock, 200 
Wood, John, watchmaker, 117 

Leighton, his wife, 117 

John, 4, 23, 32, 205, 218, 280 

Hannah Caskey, 265 

Eobert S., 265 

Elizabeth, 267 

I., Jr., 267 

Thomas, 280 



Wren, Sir Christopher, 136 
Wright, Joseph, 245 

Joseph, his wife, 117 

Thomas, 280 

Anthony, 245 

Hannah, 245 

John W., 245 

Eosannah, 250 

Joseph, 250 
Wyoming, 22 

Yorke, 7 

Mary, 243 

Capt. Peter, 243 
Young, 7 

John, 29, 30, 39, 199, 236, 280 

Wm., 29, 112 

John, Jr., 280 

Edward, 236 

John B., 236 

Chas., 236 

Laetitia, 236 

Ann, 236 

(Samuel, 280 

Thomas, 280 
Youngs, Frances, 252 

Thos., 252 

Ann, 252 




327 



<^tSictt0 anb ^em\itt0 



THE COLONIAL SOCIETY OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

OFnCERS 

President 

S. Davis Page 

First Vice-President 
J. Granville Leach 

Second Vice-President 
Gregory B, Keen, LL.D. 

Eegistrar 
Charles Howard Colket 

Secretary 
Henry Heston Belknap 

Assistant Secretary 
Theodore Glentworth_, 3d 

Treasurer 
Aubrey Herbert Weightman 

Councillors 

James Tyson, M.D. Clarence S. Bement 

Effingham Buckley Morris Charles Davis Clark 

Earl Bill Putnam Henry Graham Ashmead 

Stevenson Hockley Walsh Harrold Edgar Gillingham 

Hon. Charles B. McMichael Caleb Jones Milne, Jr. 

Ogden Dungan Wilkinson John Henry Sinex 

John Woolf Jordan Howard Barclay French 

Hon. Norris Stanley Barratt George Pales Baker, M.D. 

William S. Lloyd Wilbur Paddock Klapp^ M.D. 

MEMBERS 

Charles Yarnall Abbott Henry Graham Ashmead, Jr. 

Charles Adamson Charles Weaver Bailey 

Richard Jacobs Allen, Jr. Joseph Trowbridge Bailey, 2d 

William Charles Allen Wescott Bailey 

Thomas Gustin Aller, M.D. George Fales Baker, M.D. 

Duffield Ashmead, Jr. George W. Banks 



^tmbtt&. 



Paul Henry Barnes, Jr. 

Hon. Norris S. Barratt (Life 
Member) 

Clarence Howard Batten 

George Batten 

Frank Battles (Life Member) 

Henry Heston Belknap 

Maurice Guy Belknap 

Clarence S. Bement 

Joseph Brooks Bloodgood (Life 
Member) 

Edward Home Bonsall 

George Martin Booth 

Newell Charles Bradley 

Edward Tonkin Bradway (Life 

Member) 
Wm. Bradway (Life Member) 

Clarence Cresson Brinton 
Howard Futhey Brinton 
Francis Mark Brooke (Life Mem- 
ber) 
Robert Pitfield Brown 
Abraham Bruner 
John Edgar Burnett Bucken- 

ham, M.D. (Life Member) 
Reuben Nelson Biickley 
Miers Busch 
Seth Bunker Capp 
Samuel Castner, Jr. 
George Allen Chandler 
Charles Davis Clark 
John Browning Clement 
Samuel Mitchell Clement, Jr. 
James Harwood Closson, M.D. 
Maj. Joseph R. Taylor Coates 
Samuel Poyntz Cochran 
C, Howard Colket (Life Mem- 
ber) 
Porter Farquharson Cope 
John Welsh Croskey, M.D. 
John Chalmers Da Costa, Jr., 
M.D. 



Lemuel Howell Davis 
Walter Howard Dilkes 
Thomas Monroe Dobbins 
Francis Donaldson (Life Mem- 
ber) 
Edwin Greble Dreer 
William Ashmead Dyer 
Edgar Pardee Earle 
George H. Earle (Life Member) 
Howard Edwards 
Henry Howard Ellison 
James Emlen (Life Member) 
Frederick N. Fell 
Edward Cunningham Bergner 

Fletcher 
George William Bergner Fletcher 
Gustavus Bergner Fletcher 
Joseph Fornanee 
Howard Barclay French 
John Edgar Fretz, M.D. 
Lawrence Barnard Fuller 
Erwin Clarkson Garrett (Life 

Member) 
William Warren Gibbs 

Harrold Edgar Gillingham 

William Partridge Gilpin 

Theodore Glentworth, 3d 

Foster Conarroe Griffith 

Lorenzo Henry Cardwell Guer- 
rero 

Hiram Hathaway, Jr. 

Paul Augustine Hendry 

James Palmer Henry 

Alfred M. Herkness 

John Smylie Herkness 

George Anthony Heyl 

Joseph Humphrey Hinkson 

James Donald Hollo way (Life 
Member) 

Rev. Wilford L. Hoopes 

Logan Howard-Smith 

Robert Spurrier Howard-Smith 



St^tmbtt^* 



Kev. Paul Sturtevant Howe 

Edward Isaiah Hacker Howell 

Henry Douglas Hughes 

Henry La Barre Jayne 

Charles Francis Jenkins (Life 
Member) 

John Story Jenks 

Eldridge Reeves Johnson 

Richmond Legh Jones 

Augustus Wolle Jordan 

Ewing Jordan, M.D. 

John Woolf Jordan, LL.D. (Life 
Member) 

Rev. Walter Jordan 

Gregory Bernard Keen, LL.D. 

George de Benneville Keim 

William Kennard, Jr. 

Andrew Davis Keyser 

Wilbur Paddock Klapp, M.D. 

Bernardo Hoff Knight 

Thomas Howard Kjiight 
Albert Ludlow Kramer 

Col. Josiah Granville Leach 
Horace Hoffman Lee 
Joseph Leidy, M.D. 
Howard Thorudike Leland 
Davis Levis Lewis 
Ellis Smyser Lewis 
George Davis Lewis 
George Harrison Lewis 
Henry Norton Lewis 
Oborn Garrett Levis Lewis 
Samuel Bunting Lewis 
Jay Bueknell Lippincott 
Walter Lippincott 
William Henry Lloyd 
William S. Lloyd 
Charles Ramsay Long 
Charles Wesley Lord, Jr. 
William MacLean, Jr. 
Robert Joseph Foster MeCowan 
Hon. Chas. Barnsley McMichael 



Walter Ross MeShea 

Charles Marshall 

Samuel Marshall 

Ulysses Mereur 

Charles Warren Merrill 

Elihu Spencer Miller 

John Rulon-Miller 

Paul Denekla Mills 

Caleb Jones Mihae, Jr. (Life 

Member) 
Caleb Jones Milne,_ 3d (Life 

Member) 
Clyde Milne (Life Member) 
David Milne (Life Member) 
Francis Forbes Milne, Jr. (Life 

Member) 
Hazleton Mirkil, Jr. 
Effingham Buckley Morris 
Henry Croskey Mustin 
John Burton Mustin 
Albert Cook Myers 
Samuel Davis Page 
Charles Palmer 
Ahdn ]\Iercer Parker 
Joseph Brooks Bloodgood Parker 
Caleb Clarence Peirce 
Harold Peirce 
Garnett Pendleton 
Enos Eldridge Pennock 
Joseph Eldridge Pennock 
Charles Penrose Perkins 
Arthur Peterson, U. S. K 
Frank Rodney Pleasonton 
Alfred Potter 
Thomas Harris Powers 
Earl Bill Putnam 
Earl Bill Putnam, Jr. 
Louis Irving Reichner 
Hon. Harry Alden Richardson 
Wilber Fisk Rose 
Julius Friederich Saehse (Hon- 
orary Member) 



9^emhn0* 



Edward Stalker Sayres 
Frank Earle Schermerhorn 
Charles William Schwartz, Jr. 
Walter Marshall Schwartz 
John M. Scott (Life Member) 
Edwin Van Deusen Selden 
Frank Rodman Shattuck 
Howard Merrill Shelley 
Charles John Shoemaker 
John Henry Sin ex (Life Mem- 
ber) 
John Sinnott 
Alfred Percival Smith (Life 

Member) 
Benjamin Hayes Smith 
Warner Justice Steel 
Joseph Allison Steinmetz 
Rev. Norman Stockett 
Perry Beaver Strassburger 
Hon. Charlemagne Tower 
David Cooper Townsend 
Charles Smith Turnbull, M.D. 
Ernest Leigh Tustin 
Arthur Clements Twitehell 



Elwood Tyson 

James Tyson, M.D. 

Theodore Anthony Van Dyke, 

Jr. (Life Member) 
Charles Harrod Vinton, M.D. 

(Life Member) 
Stevenson Hockley Walsh 
Charles Spittall Walton 
Alfred Lewis Ward 
Aubrey Herbert Weightman 
Eben Boyd Weitzel 
Ashbel Welsh 
Richard Wetherill 
Edward Wiener 
Henry Wiener, Jr. 
Jesse Williams 
Ogden Dungan Wilkinson 
Ellis D. Williams 
William Currie Wilson 
Arthur Wells Yale, M.D. 
Hon, Harman Yerkes (Life 

Member) 
Walter Macon Lowrie Ziegler, 

M.D. 




PUBLICATIONS OF THE COLONIAL SOCIETY 
OF PENNSYLVANIA. 

Charter, Constitution, By-laws, Officers, Committees, Members, etc., 
1896. 

Bulletin, No. 1. Colonial Legislation in Pennsylvania, 1700-1712. 
By Henry Budd. 1897. 

Bulletin, No. 2. The Blue Anchor Tavern. By Thomas Allen 
Glenn. 1897. 

The American Weekly Mercury, Volume I. 1719-1720. Re- 
published in fae-simile. 1898. 

The American Weekly Mercury, Volume II. 1720-1721. Re- 
published in fac-simile. 1898. 

Charter, Constitution, By-Laws, Officers, Committees, Members, etc., 
1899. 

Charter, Constitution, By-Laws, Officers, Committees, Members, etc., 
1902. 

Records of the Court of New Castle on Delaware, 1676-1681. 1904 

The American Weekly Mercury, Volume III. 1721-1722. Re- 
published in fae-simile. 1905. 

The American Weekly Mercury, Volume IV. 1722-1723. Re- 
published in fac-simile. 1907. 

Charter, Constitution, By-Laws, Officers, Committees, Members, etc., 
1908. 

Record of the Courts of Chester County, Pennsylvania, 1681-1697. 
1910. 

Celebration of the Two Hundred and Thirtieth Anniversary of the 
Landing of William Penn in Pennsylvania, held at the Wash- 
ington House, Chester, Pa., Saturday, October 26, 1912, by the 
Colonial Society of Pennsylvania, in association with the Swedish 
Colonial Society. 1912. 

History of the Province of Pennsylvania. By Samuel Smith. 
Edited by William M. Mervine. 1913. 

Certain Black-Letter Days in the Life of William Penn. Address 
of Frank Willing Leach before The Colonial Society of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1916. 1917. 



puftltcationgf Colonial ^ocitti^ ot penngsglijania 

1760-1898, Outline of the History of Old St. Paul's Church, Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, with an appeal for its preservation, to- 
gether with Articles of Agreement, Abstract of Title, List of 
Rectors, Vestrjonen and inscriptions of tombstones and vaults. 
By Norris Stanley Barratt. 1917. 



Committee on Publications 



Gregory Bernard Keen, Josiah Granville Leach, 

Norris Stanley Barratt. 




^isitorical feiocietg ot ptnngiglljania 



Extract from the Minutes of the Annual Meeting op the 

Historical Society op Pennsylvania held, Monday, May 14, 

1917: Hon. Hampton L. Carson, Presiding. 

On motion of Hon. Norris S. Barratt the following resolution was 
unanimously adopted: 

Whereas the Right Reverend Philip M. Rhinelander and the 
Trustees of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the Diocese of 
Pennsylvania are considering the question of selling Old St. Paul's 
Church, Third Street below Walnut Street, Philadelphia, with the 
burial grounds, vaults and graves, and devoting the proceeds thereof, 
if any, towards building a Diocesan House for the City Mission in 
conjunction with the contemplated Cathedral Church of St. Mary's 
to replace the Church of the Ascension now at Btoad and South 
Streets, 

And whereas Old St. Paul's is a part of our Colonial, revolu- 
tionary and Church history, and has buried in its church yard many 
Philadelphians, who in their day and generation acted their part 
nobly, 

Therefore Resolved, That the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
one of whose objects is the preservation of shrines and memorials 
of the past which make our history, desire to place upon record its 
disapproval of the proposed sale and desecration of Old St. Paul's 
Church and its historic dead. 

And be it further Resolved that a copy of these Resolutions be 
sent to Bishop Rhinelander, Bishop Garland, and the Trustees of the 
Diocese of Pennsylvania. 



Resolutions to the same effect have also been adopted by the 
Colonial Society of Pennsylvania, The Genealogical Society of Penn- 
sylvania, The Pennsylvania Society of Colonial Dames of America 
and The State Society of the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania, who thus 
place themselves upon record as in favor of preserving Old St. 
Paul's. 




1 

DATE DUE 




AiKMiiikH^ 


















































































































































CAYLORD 






PRINTED INU S.A.