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Full text of "The Oxyrhynchus papyri"

LIBRARY 

Brigham Young University 



,.ι,χλ ,btaiU€4 Ace. 
PA No. 



^s> 



THE 

OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

PART XIII 

GRENFELL AND HUNT 






PA 

3313 



EGYPT EXPLORATION FUND 

GRAECO-ROMAN BRANCH 

THE 

OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

PART XIII 

EDITED WITH TRANSLATIONS AND NOTES 



BERNARD P. GRENFELL. D.Litt. 

HONORARY PROFESSOR OF PAPYROLOGY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, AND FELLOW OF QUEEN's COLLEGE 

FELLOW OF THE BRITISH ACADEMY 



ARTHUR S. HUNT, D.Litt. 

PROFESSOR OF PAPYROLOGY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, AND FELLOW OF QUEEN'S COLLEGE 
FELLOW OF THE BRITISH ACADEMY 



WITH SIX PLATES 



LONDON 

SOLD AT 

The Offices of the EGYPT EXPLORATION FUND, 13 Tavistock Square, W.C. ι 
AND 503 Tremont Temple, Boston, Mass., U.S.A. 

BERNARD QUARITCH, 11 Grafton Street, New Bond Street, W. ι 
HUMPHREY MILFORD, Amen Corner. E.C. 4, and 29 West 32ND Street, New York, U.S.A. 

C. F. CLAY, Fetter Lane, E.C. 4 
KEG AN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER & CO., 68-74 Carter Lane, E.C. 4 
GEORGE SALBY, 65 Great Russell Street, W.C. i 

1919 
All rights reserved 



BRIGHSM YOUNG UNiVERSlTX 

UBRARY 

PROVO, UTAH 



PRINTED IN ENGLAND 
AT THE OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 



PREFACE 

The present volume consists of literary texts, like Parts V and XI. 
The papyri of Lysias (l606), Hyperides (l607), Aeschines Socraticiis 
(1608), and an oration on the cult of a Roman Emperor (I612) belong 
to the first of the three large literary finds of the 1905-6 season, 
which produced 841-4, &c., and has now been completely published ; 
those of Ephorus (leio), a work on literary criticism (I6I1), and 
Herodotus (I6I9) belong to the second, which is not yet exhausted. 
Most of the other texts were found in the early part of the same 
season. 

Prof. Hunt's continued absence from Oxford on military duties 
has prevented him from taking an active part in the decipherment and 
editing of this volume, but he has revised some of the papyri and the 
proofs. We are much indebted to Mr. E. Lobel, who has made 
numerous suggestions in the reconstruction and interpretation of the 
new classical texts, and to Dr. J. V. Bartlet for similar help in regard to 
the new theological texts. The assistance on various points afforded 
by Mr. T. W. Allen, Profs. J. Burnet, J. B. Bury, and A. E. Housman, 
Dr. C. Hude, Mr. H. Stuart Jones, Sir William M. Ramsay, Prof M. 
Rostowze\v, and Sir John E. Sandys is acknowledged in connexion 
with the individual papyri. 

The two sections consisting of Contracts and Private Accounts, 
which were omitted from Part XII owing to want of space, are held 
over for Part XIV, which will contain non-literary documents and is in 
active preparation. We hope to issue it in the course of 191 9, and that 
Mr. J. de M. Johnson's edition of the valuable Theocritus papyrus 
discovered by him at Antinoe will be issued simultaneously. 



BERNARD P. GRENFELL. 



Queen's College, Oxford, 
September, ι 91 8. 



CONTENTS 



Preface ..... 

List of Plates . . 

Table of Papyri ......... 

Note ox the Method of Publication and List of Abbreviations 



PAGE 
V 

vi 
vii 
viii 



TEXTS 



L Theological (1594-1603) 

IL New Classical Fragments (1604-1613) . . . 

in. Fragments of Extant Classical Authors (1614-1625). 



I 

155 



INDICES 



I. New Theological Fragments .... 

IL New Classical Fragments ..... 

III. Subjects Discussed in the Introductions and Notes 

IV. Passages Discussed ...... 



217 
219 
230 
233 



I. 

II. 
III. 
IV. 

V. 
VI. 



LIST OF PLATES 



1594 recto, 1597 verso, 1604 Fr. i 

1606 Fr. 6, Cols, i-ii 

1607 Frs. 5 + 4, 1608 Fr. 4, 1610 Frs. i, 4-6, 15 
1615 recto, 1618 Col. x, 1622 Cols, ii-iii 

1619 Fr. 10, 1621 veiso .... 

1620, 1624 Cols. Ixiii-iv, Ixvi 



at the end. 



TABLE OF PAPYRI 



1594. New Recension of Tobit xii (vellum ; Plate i) 

1595. Ecclesiasticus i . 

1596. St. John vi . . . 

1597. Acts xxvi (Plate i) 

1598. I Thessalonians iv — 2 Thess. i 

1599. Hermas, Shepherd^ Sim. viii 

1600. Treatise on the Passion 

1601. Homily on Spiritual Warfare 

1602. Homily to Monks (vellum) 

1603. Homily concerning Women 

1604. Pindar, Dithyrambs (Plate i) 

1605. Menander, Μισοΰμΐνο9 

1606. Lysias, πρόϊ Ίπποθίρσψ, Against Theomneslus, &c 

(Plate ii) 

1607. Hyperides (i*), For Lycophron (Plate iii) 

1608. Aeschines Socraticus, Alcihiades (Plate iii) 

1609. Philosophical Work : Meirological Fragment 

1610. Ephorus xii or xi (Plate iii) 

1611. Work on Literary Criticism 

1612. Oration on the Cult of Caesar 

1613. List of Early Athenian Archons 

1614. Pindar, 01. i, ii, vi, vii 

1615. Sophocles, Ajax (Plate iv) . 

1616. Euripides, Orestes (vellum) . 

1617. Aristophanes, Plutus . 

1618. Theocritus, Id. v, vii, xv (Plate iv) 

1619. Herodotus iii (Plate v) 

1620. Thucydides i (Plate vi) 

1621. Thucydides ii (vellum ; Plate v) 

1622. Thucydides ii (Plate iv) 

1623. Thucydides iii (vellum) 

1624. Plato, Protagoras (Plate vi) 

1625. Aeschines, In Ciesiphontem 





CENTURY 


PAGE 


i) • 


Late 3rd 


I 




6th . . 


6 




4th . 


8 




Late 3rd or 4th . 


lO 




Late 3rd or 4 th . 


12 




4th . 


• 15 




5th . 


19 




Late 4th or 5th . 


2Γ 




Late 4th or 5th . 


• 23 




5th or 6th . 


25 




Late 2nd 


• 27 




3rd . . . 


45 


'us, &c. 








Late 2nd or 3rd . 


48 




Late 2nd or 3rd . 


74 




Late 2nd . 


88 


nt 


2nd 


94 




Late 2nd or 3rd . 


98 




Early 3rd 


127 




3rd . . . 


148 




2nd . . . . 


154 




5th or 6th . 


155 




4th ... . 


162 




5th .. . 


163 




5th ... . 


165 




5th . . . . 


168 




Late I St or 2nd . 


180 




Late 2nd or 3rd . 


189 




4th ... . 


194 




Early 2nd . 


196 




5th or 6th . 


197 




3rd ... . 


199 




2nd . . . . 


209 



NOTE ON THE METHOD OF PUBLICATION AND 
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 

The general method followed in this volume is the same as that in 
Parts I-XII. 1604 (Pindar) is printed in dual form, a literal transcript being 
accompanied by a reconstruction in modern style. In the other texts the 
originals are reproduced except for separation of words, capital initials in proper 
names, expansion of abbreviations, and supplements of lacunae. A reconstruction 
in modern form of the more complete portions of 1606-7 and 1610-12 is also 
given. Additions or corrections by the same hand as the body of the text are in 
small thin type, those by a different hand in thick type. Square brackets [ ] indi- 
cate a lacuna, round brackets ( ) the resolution of a symbol or abbreviation, 
angular brackets ( > a mistaken omission in the original, braces { } a superfluous 
letter or letters, double square brackets [[ ]] a deletion in the original. Dots 
placed within brackets represent the approximate number of letters lost or 
deleted ; dots outside brackets indicate mutilated or otherwise illegible letters. 
Letters with dots underneath them are to be considered doubtful. Heavy Arabic 
numerals refer to the texts of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri in this volume and 
Parts I-XII, ordinary numerals to lines, small Roman numerals to columns. In 
the case of vellum fragments the terms recto and verso'are usedlwith reference to 
the upper and under sides of a leaf, not to the hair-side and flesh-side. 

The abbreviations used in referring to papyrological publications are 
practically those adopted in the Archiv fiir Papyriisforschiing^ viz. : — 
Archiv = Archiv fiir Ρ apyrusforsclmng. 

P. Amh. = The Amherst Papyri, Vols. I-II, by B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt. 
P. Brit. Mus. = Greek Papyri in the British Museum, Vols. I-V, by Sir F. G. 

Kenyon and H. I. Bell. 
P. Fay. = Fayum Towns and their Papyri, by B. P. Grenfell, A. S. Hunt, and 

D. G. Hogarth. 
P. Grenf = Greek Papyri, Series I-II, by B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt. 
P. Hibeh = The Hibeh Papyri. Part I, by R. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt. 
P. Oxy. = The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, Parts I-XII, by B. P. Grenfell and 

A. S. Hunt. 
P. Ryl. = Catalogue of the Greek [jPapyri in the Rylands Library, Vol. I, by 

A. S. Hunt. 
P. S. I. = Papiri della Societa Italiana, Vols. I-V, by G. Vitelli and others. 



I. THEOLOGICAL FRAGMENTS 
1594. New Recension of Tobit xii. 

6-2 X 7-5 cm. Late third century. Plate I (recto). 

A nearly complete leaf of a diminutive vellum codex, containing Tobit xii, 
14-19 in a recension which is not extant. Another fragment of a novel version 
of this popular apocryphon (ii. 3-4, 8) vi^as published in 1076, but is later 
in date (sixth century) than 1594, which is written in a small neat uncial hand of 
an unusually early type, resembling the hands of 656 and 1007 (both Genesis : 
Part iv, Plate ii and Part vii, Plate i). 656 is probably earlier than A. D. 350 and 
likely to be somewhat older than 1007 and 1594, being written on papyrus and 
having no contractions, whereas in the other two fragments Oeos is contracted ; 
but, like 1007, 1594 was probably written in the second half of the third century. 
The leaf when complete was nearly square, and of approximately the same size 
as P. Ryl. 38 (Part i, Plate v), a fourth-century treatise on μαντική : for other 
miniature codices of biblical texts cf. 842 and 1010. No punctuation is dis- 
cernible, but a diaeresis over an initial ν apparently occurs on the verso, which 
is much damaged and difficult to decipher. There are traces of what may be lines 
of ruling in the margin of the recto, which is probably the hair-side. 

There are two main Greek recensions of Tobit, one represented by the 
Codex Sinaiticus (^ί), the other by the Cod. Vaticanus (B) and Cod. Alexan- 
drinus (A). The recension of N, which is fuller and more picturesque than that 
of BA, is tending to be regarded as the earlier. Besides these two there is for 
chs. vi. 9-xiii. 8 a third Greek redaction represented by three cursive MSS., and 
from vii. 11 supported by the Syriac version, which before that point agrees with 
BA. This third recension occupies an intermediate position, being allied to Ν 
but less verbose, and is sometimes supported by the Old Latin version, which, 
like the Aramaic and earlier Hebrew versions, generally supports ii. The view 
put forward in 1076 int., that 1076 belongs to the third Greek recension partially 
preserved by the cursives, was adopted in the latest and only fully equipped 
edition of Tobit, that of Mr. D. C. Simpson in Charles's Apocrypha and Pseud- 
cpigrapha of the O. T. i. 174 sqq. ; cf. Joiirn. of Theol. Stud. xiv. 516 sqq. 

Β 



2 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

Leaving undecided the question whether the original language of Tobit was 
Greek or Semitic, he thinks that the book was composed in Egypt not long before 
170 B.C., and that the recension of Ν is the nearest approach to the original, 
while that of BA did not reach its present form until about A. D. 180, and the third 
recension was later still. 

The conditions of the problem are somewhat altered by the discovery 
■of 1594, which is on the whole much nearer to BA than to ti or the third recen- 
sion, here fortunately extant. In vv. 14-17, where the two main recensions 
do not greatly differ, 1594 agrees with BA against t^ in the insertion of ck (1. 3), 
α-γίων (I. 3 ; α-γίων αγγέλων ΒΑ ; άγγίλων ^^), ττροσαναφίρουσιν (1. 3 5 S-^d. ras 
ττροσ^νχα^ των αγίων ΒΑ ; τϊ αρίστη κασι,ν ^5), the omission of αυτών (1. 8), and 
the insertion of Ισται (1. la) ; against these can be set only the agreements with 
t^ in the form (ττ^σαν (1. 8), the insertion of ατιανίτα in 1. 13 {ττάντα i^ ; om. BA), 
and και for BA's on in 1. 9. In vv. 18-19, where the text of i>? is longer than that 
of BA and differently arranged, the new fragment agrees with BA in having 
(μαντοΰ, not (μι], in 1. 1 5 and in constructing -ττάσα? τά$ ημέρας with ώτττανόμην νμίν 
(11. 18-19), whereas ^5 connects the first phrase with the preceding evAoyeiTe 
or with an added repetition of it, αντω νμνάτζ. Against this must be set the par- 
tial agreements between 1594 and i^ as to the verb in 1. 16 {ημην μ^θ' υμών: 
om. Β ; ηλθον A), and the occurrence in 1594. 20 of e^eiopeire μ€ (cf. Old Latin 
videbatis me) corresponding to «'s Θζωρύτ4 μ^. With the peculiar readings of the 
third Greek recension 1594 agrees against the other two in respect of the omission 
of Σάρραν in 1. 2, and of αγγέλων in 1. 3, the insertion of €ττΙ την γην in 1. 9, and the 
reading Oeov in 1. 6 (Beou without του μ^γάλον the cursives ; cf. Dei Old Lat.). But 
elsewhere the third Greek recension follows i^ rather than 1594, and is shorter even 
than BA in v. 19. 

The new recension has also a number of peculiar readings, such as the 
constant use of και as a connecting particle, where BA vary the monotony by 
hi (1. 12 ; om. i^) or οθ^ν (1. ιη ; om. ί^) or the absence of connexion (1. 19), and 
especially the new arrangement of vv. 18-19, which avoids both the obvious 
omission in Β and the redundancy of ^ί at this point. On the whole 1594, while 
belonging to the BA type of text, is distinctly better. Is this superiority to be 
explained as resulting from a revision of the Β A text in the light of i^, or from the 
priority and greater purity of the text illustrated by 1594, of which BA is a later 
form ? The second hypothesis seems to us much the more probable for several 
reasons. In the first place 1594 is an older MS. than Β or A. Secondly, the 
constant use of και in 1594 points to a more archaic text than that of BA. 
Thirdly, the text of BA, Avhere in comparison with that of 1594 it is markedly 
inferior, as in vv. 15 and 18, seems to have arisen out of the text of 1594, 



1594. NEW RECENSION OF TOBIT XII 3 

not vice versa. In v. 15 the employment of ayto? by BA three times within 
the same sentence, referring to different persons in each case, is intolerable, 
and the addition of ras ττροσ^υχάί τώι; ay'uuv looks like a Christian gloss on 
■προσαναφ^ρονσυν, which is intelligible by itself, while BA's αγίων αγγέλων [αγγίλων 
S ; αγίων 1594 and the third recension) may be the result of a conflation of 
readings or of a confusion between άγιων and αγλων, a contraction of αγγέλων 
found e.g. in 1603. 12. In v. 18 1594 has έγω μ^θ' νμών ούχ 6tl ttj έμαυτοϋ 
χάριτι ημην άλλα rfi Θίλησ^ι του θ^ου corresponding to B's οτι ου rf] έμαυτοϋ γάριτι 
άλλα ΤΎ} θζλησζΐ του Θζοΰ υμών without a verb, which is supplied by A (add. ηλθον). 
The phrase 'your God' is very inappropriate in the mouth of an angel, and 
it is noticeable that the third recension, which at this point follows BA rather 
than t^, ignores υμών. The explanation is probably that υμών had really 
nothing to do with Θ^ου, but is the survival of ημην μζθ'' υμών found in both 
1594 and i>?, and that A's ηλθον is merely a correction inserted to restore 
the defective grammar. 1594's phrase ουχ ort.. . in place of BA's (on) ουχί . . . 
gives a more literary touch to the passage, and might easily cause difficulty 
to some one who did not understand that ημην was to be supplied with έγω 
μζθ' υμών, with the result that a simpler construction was substituted. Fourthly, 
the result of an attempt to combine the merits of BA and t•^ is partly eK- 
tant in the third recension, and though that edition now appears to have 
taken into consideration the text represented by 1594 as well as those of ^ί and 
BA (cf. p. 2), it does not coincide with 1594, and is in fact nearer to ^5 than to 
1594 or BA, just like 1076. That fragment on account of its affinity to b^ is still 
to be considered as probably a specimen of the missing portion of the third 
recension, not as part of the recension illustrated by 1594. We are therefore dis- 
posed to regard 1594 as an earlier form of the BA text, which developed out of 
1594 partly owing to certain editorial changes, partly owing to corruptions 
introduced in the normal course of transmission. 

There remains the question whether 1594 or bi more closely represents the 
original text of Tobit. Owing to the small size of the fragment it is difficult to 
speak with certainty ; but with regard to the characteristics of the Β A text which 
Simpson {Jotirn. ofTheol. Stud. xiv. 527-8) selects as evidence for the later date 
of Β A it is noticeable that (i) 1594 does not tend, like Β A, to avoid καί 
as a connecting particle, (2) if 1594 is less redundant than in 11. 14-18, 
in 11. 19-20 it has a repetition which is absent from b^, and (3) the two 
uncommon words in 1594, -προσαναφέρουσι and ώτττανόμην, and the unusual 
construction in 11. 14-16 are absent from i^, though as a rule the Β A text is more 
commonplace than that of i^. The t^ text is certainly not conspicuously better 
than that of 1594 in these six verses. The addition in t^ of Σάρραν before 

Β 2 



4 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

την νύμφην in 1. I and the omission of e/c in 1. 3 and €ΐτΙ την γήν in 1. 9 are 
no improvements ; αγίων without BA's άγγίλων in 1. 3 and -προσαναφάρονσι v/ithout 
BA's τα^ Trpoaevxas των αγίων are hardly open to the inferences which Simpson 
{op. cit. 531) draws from a comparison of the ' angelology ' of BA and bi concern- 
ing the later character of BA. The use of θ^ον του μεγάλου in 1. 6 in place of l<5's 
κυρίου perhaps illustrates the ' tendency to emphasize the transcendental character 
of the Godhead ' which according to Simpson {loc. cit.) serves to distinguish BA 
from ^^, and οτττάν^σθαι (1. 19), as he pointed out, came to have a definite 
Christian connotation, being found in Acts i. 3 with reference to the appearances 
of Christ after the Resurrection. But the word occurs in the LXX and Ptolemaic 
papyri, and curious linguistic affinities between Tobit xii. 16-23 and the Gospels 
(cf. Simpson's n. ad loc.) are traceable in the text of b? as well as BA, so that the 
mere occurrence of ό-ητάνζσθαι does not prove much. The reading of 1594 in 
V. 18 eyo) /z€^' νμων ονχ δη Trj (μαυτοΰ γάριτι ημην is defensible against i>5's eyo) δτ€ 
ημην μζθ' νμων ονχΐ Trj φ?7 χάριη ημην μζθ' υμών : but the arrangement of vv. 18-19 
as a whole is more satisfactory in t^ ; for τΐάαα^ τάί ημίρα$ is more appropriate in 
conjunction with eiiAoyeire than with ώτττανόμην, and the repetition ίνλογίΐτζ . . . 
νμνίΐτ€ in ^5 is probably better than the repetition ώτττανόμην . . .Ιθ^ωράτζ in 1594, 
which here combines the two verbs found singly in t^ and BA, though whether 
t<5's θζωράτ€ is superior to kOewpaTe in 1594, here supported by the Old 
Latin, is very doubtful. In 1. 3 αγγέλων (i^) is perhaps preferable to αγίων 
(1594), the two words being liable to confusion as soon as contractions came 
into use (cf. p. 3). 

Our conclusion therefore is that, while the recension of ^^ is probably older 
than that of Β A, t^ had before the age of the Antonines, perhaps even from the 
earliest times when Tobit was read in Greek, a rival in the shape of the text 
to which 1594 belongs. This was largely superseded after A. D. 300 by the 
BA recension, which was based on it ; but traces of the influence of the 1594 
text are discernible in the Old Latin version, which was made probably 
before 300, and the 1594 text remained sufficiently important by the side of the 
BA text for it to be used in the compilation of the intermediate text found in the 
cursives and 1076, which was designed (in the fourth or fifth century ?) as a com- 
promise between the various conflicting versions of the story. The result of the 
discovery of 1594 is, we think, to diminish somewhat the superiority in point 
of age which can be claimed for the recension of t^ over others, and to increase 
the respect due to both BA and the third recension, as being either based upon 
or, in the case of the third recension, influenced by an older recension which 
is independent of ^5 and may well contain some original elements. 



1594. NEW RECENSION OF TO Β IT XII 



Recto. 
\σα\σθαι ae και την νυμ χϋ. 14 
φην σου €γω ίίμι Ραφαήλ 15 
eis €Κ των ζ α•γιω\ν~\ qt iTfioa 
αναφζρονσιν και ζίσπορ^υ 

5 ονται (νωπών της So 
ξης του θυ του μεγάλου 
και ζταραγθησαν οι β και 
ίπ€σαν ίπι πρόσωπον 
[ejTTi την γην και €φοβη 

ΙΟ [θησαν και €ΐπ€ν αν]τοΐ9 



ι6 



17 



[μη φοβξίσθξ (ΐρηνη] 



Verso. 
υμιν €σται και τον θν [ev 
Xoyeixe ei? τον απαν[τα 
αιώνα ζγω μξθ υμών 

15 ουγ^ οτι τη ξμαυτου χαρι 
τι ημην άλλα τη θίλη 
σ€ΐ του θυ και αυτόν €ϋλο 
γ€ΐτ€ και πάσας τας ημ[ζ 
pas ωπτανομην νμι\ν 

2θ και e^eoupeire μ^ οτ[ι 
ου[κ €φαγον ουδζ €πιον 
Ι line lost 



18 



19 



In place of a collation, we give the new text side by side with the three 
extant Greek versions and the Old Latin in full. 



1594. 

1* ίάσαλσθαί σε καΐ την 
νύμφην σου. ^° εγώ ζ'ιμί 
^Ραφαήλ, iXs eK των Ιπτα 
αγίων οι προσαναφίρουσιν 
και (ΐσπορξύονται ίνώπιον 
τή? βό^ης του θίοϋ του 
μεγάλου. ^^ και ίταρά- 
γθησαν οι δύο και ίπ^σαν 
€πι πρόσωπον ίπι την γήν 
και €φοβή[θησαν. ^'' και 
ύπξν αύ\τοΐς [Μη φο- 
βύσθί, ζίρήνη] ύμΐν '4σται• 
και τον Oeov €ύλογ€Ϊτ€ e/y 
τον άπαντα αΙωνα. ^^ ίγω 
μ€θ' ύμων ούχ οτι ττ} €μαυ- 
τοϋ γάριτι ήμην, άλλα τη 
θελήσει του θ^οΰ' και 
αύτον €ύλογ€Ϊτ€. ^^ και 



ΒΑ. 
^* ιάσασθαί σε κα\ την 
νύμφην σου ^άρραν. ^^εγώ 
εί//i 'Ραφαήλ, e/y εκ των 
έπτα αγίων άγγίλων 
οΐ προσαναφύρουσιν ray 
πρόσφυγας των άγιων και 
(ίσπορξύονται ενώπιον της 
δό^ηςτοΰ αγίου. .^^καΙΙτα- 
ρά-χθησαν οι δύο και ίπ^σον 
[-σαν Α) ετΓί πρόσωπον, οτι 
ίφοβήθησαν. ^"^ και ύπ^ν 
αύτοΪ9 Μη φοβζΐσθβ (add 
οτι Α) ξίρήνη ύμΐν ζσταΐ' 
τον δβ θίον ει^λογεΓτε ε /y 
τον αιώνα, ^^ οτι ου τη 
€μαυτοΰ γάριτι, άλλα τη 
θίλήσίΐ του θίοΰ υμών 
(add ηλθον Α)• oOev εν. 



^* ιάσασβαι και ^άρραν 
την νύμφην σου. ^^ εγώ 
€ΐμι 'Ραφαήλ, είy των 
επτά άγγύλων οΐ παρξστή- 
κασιν και ζίσπορζύονται 
Ινώπιον τήζ δόξη? κυρίου. 
1^ καΐ Ιταράγβησαν οι δύο 
και ξπβσαν ίπΐ πρόσωπον 
αυτών και ίφοβήθησαν. 
^ "^ και είττει/ αύτοΪ9 Μη 
φοβξΐσθξ, €ίρήνη ύμΐν 
τον θζον €ύλογ€Ϊτ€ ε/ί 
πάντα τον αιώνα. ^^ εγώ 
δτε ήμην μζ& υμών ού')(1 
τη €μη γάριτι ήμην μ(& 
υμών, αλλά τη θβλήσξΐ 
του Θξοΰ• αύτον εύλογεΓτε, 
κατά πάσας τάς ήμύρας 



6 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

πάσα? ray ήμ€ρα? ώπτα- λογΐΐτζ αύτον ety τον αύτω νμν€Ϊτ€. '^ και θζ- 

νόμην νμΐν καϊ Ιθ^ωρύ- αιώνα. '^ ττάσα? ray ήμί- ωρ^ΐτί μ€ οτι ουκ ίφα- 

re μξ ot[l\ ον[κ (φαγον . . . pas ώπτανόμην νμΐν και γον . . . 

ονκ έφαγαν . . . 



Cursives 44? 1^6, 107. 
^* ίάσασθαί σε καΐ την ννμφην σον. 
^® ^γώ ζίμι ^Ραφαήλ, eiy των αγίων των 
τταρβστώτων ζνώπιον τον θξον. ^^ και 
ζταράγθησαν άμφότβροι και ίπβσαν knl 
ττρόσωπον αυτών €πΙ την γη ν οτι Ιφο- 
βήθησαν {οτι ίφ. om. 44)• ^^ f «ί Ηπ€ν 
αύτοΪ9, Μη φοββΐσθξ, ειρήνη νμΐν '4σται• 
euAoyeTre τον θ^όν, ^^ οτι ου τη €μη 
χάριτι άλλα τη θ^λήσ^ι τον θβον eyco 
ήλθον. ^^ και ονκ €φαγον . . . 



Old Latin. 
^^ tent are te et Sari- am nurum tJiam. 
^^ Ego enim sum Raphahel, tiniis de 
septem angelis Sanctis qui adsistimus et 
conversamur ante claritatem Dei. ^^ Et 
conturbati sunt utriqiie et ceciderunt in 
faciem et tiinuerunt. ^"^ Et dixit illis 
Raphahel: Nolite timere,pax vobiscum, 
Deicm benedicite in omni aevo. ^^ Etenim 
cum essem vobiscum non mea gratia 
eram sed voluntate Dei: ipsi ergo 
benedicite, et omnibus diebus decantate 
ei. Et videbatis me quia mandu- 
cabam . . . 



3. προσαναφ€ρονσιν : this word occurs twice elsewhere in the LXX, Judith xi. 18 ελθοϋσα 

προσανοίσω σοι and 2 JNIacc. xi. 36 a Se eKpive ττροσανΐνΐ)(βηναι τω βασϊΚΰ. 

I i-i 2. That oTt should be read in 1. 11 before ΐΐρψη with A is improbable, the line being 
long enough without it, and similar words of connexion being avoided elsewhere in the frag- 
ment; cf. p. 3. It is just possible that ν\\μΐΐν should be read instead of νμιν in 1. 12. 

13. its: fTTi might be read, but us is regularly used in this phrase in the LXX 
and N. T. 

15. ονχ ΟΤΙ : κ is the only alternative to χ and the vestige of the next letter suits o, but 
not e, so that ονκίτι is an unsatisfactory reading, even if it suited the context. The traces of 
Ti are slight, but suggest no other appropriate reading, so that ονχ on is practically certain ; 
cf. int. 

20-1. ot[i I ov[k (so bi) is very uncertain, but suits the slight traces somewhat better 

than Ktt\i I ov\k (BA) or οι\κ e|0a[yov. 



1595. ECCLESIASTICUS i. 



18 X II. 2 cm. 



Sixth century. 

A leaf from a papyrus codex, containing the first nine verses of Ecclesiasticus 
in the LXX, written with brown ink in large heavy round uncials of the 
type represented by e.g. Schubart, Pap. Grace. BeroL 44a (Iliad xxii), probably 
in the sixth century, to which documents found with or near 1595 belong. The 
numbering of the pages, if it existed in the position occupied by the numberings 



1595. ECCLESIASTICUS I η 

in e.g. 1598, is not preserved, so that it is uncertain whether this is the first leaf 
of the codex or only of a section. The beginnings of verses are marked by fresh 
lines which project slightly, and the ends by high stops apparently throughout, 
though owing to injuries to the surface these are not always discernible. The 
usual contractions for ^eo?, κύρω^ (but not in 1. i), and ovpavos occur. 

Verse 7 ^ττιστημη σοφίαί τίνι €φαν€ρώθη καΐ την ττολνττίΐρίαν avrrjs Tts σννηκζν ; 
which is generally regarded as a doublet of v. 6, is omitted, as in the chief 
uncial MSS. ; but v, 5 i'^iryv ο-οφία^ λόγο9 Oeov kv ύψίστοι?, καΧ αϊ -nopeiai αυτή^ 
ivToXal αΙώνιοί) is retained, as in some cursives and versions (cf. 11. 16-19, n.), 
though this too has generally been rejected as a doublet of the preceding 
verse; cf. Box-Oesterley in Charles's Apocr. and Pseudepigr. i. 318. The resem- 
blance, however, between vv. 4-5 is much less marked than that between vv. 
6-7, and since v. 4 ends with αιώΐΌ?, v. 5 with αιώνιοι, the hypothesis that 
the disappearance of v. 5 is an error due to homoioteleuton has, we think, 
more to justify it than the view that it is a Pharisaic addition. In other 
respects the text of 1595 is not remarkable, the spelling and arrangement 
agreeing with t^AC rather than with B. A note at the bottom of the recto 
perhaps refers to an omission. This is the first papyrus of Ecclesiasticus. 



Verso. 
■ [πα]σα σοφία πάρα κυρίου κ\αί ι 
[/z]er αυτού €στίν 
[ei]y Tof αιώνα' 
[αμ]μον θαλασσών και 2 

5 [σ]ταγονα9 νβτου και 
[η]μξρα9 αιώνος τι? 
[€]ξαρΐθμησζΐ' 
[υψ]ο? ουνου και πλατο9 3 

[γ]»;9 και αβυσσον και 
10 σοφιαν τί[ί] ^^ίχνι 
[α]σ€ί• 
\πρλοτζρα πάντων €κτι 4 

[σ]ταί σοφία' 
[και] συνβσι? φρονήσω 
15 <^^ ^i αιωνο9' 

[πη]γη σοφίας λόγο? θυ 5 



Recto. 
€v ΰψιστοις' 
και αι ποριαι αυτ[η? ev 
τολαι αιωνιοι[' 
2θ ρίζα σοφία? τιν[ι απε 
καλυφθη• 
και τα πανουργημ[ατα 

αυτή? τι? €γν[ω' 
€1? €στίν σοφό? [φοβξ. 
2 5 ρο? σφοδρά' 

καθη[μ](νο? €πι τ[ου 

θρόνου αυτον[• 
κ? αυτό? €κτισ€ν [αυτήν ? 
και eiSiv και ^^η[ριθμη 
3θ σ^ν αυτήν 

και ζ^ζχ^ε^ν αυτη[ν €πι 
πάντα τα €ργα [αυτού• 

[[ciravcu . ουτηγ]] 



8 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

9-10. KOi σοφιαν: om. Syriac and Latin versions. 

16-19. This verse (5), omitted by the uncial MSS., is found in cursive 248 and others 
and in the Syro-Hexaplar, Latin, and Sahidic versions ; cf. int. 

2 2. πανονργημ^ατα : SO i^AC ; πανονργίνματα Β. 

23—4. Between these lines several cursives (not 248), the Syro-Hexaplar, Latin, and 
Sahidic versions insert verse 7 ΐπιστημη σοφίας κτλ. ; cf. int. 

24. σοφοΓ : this word, though found in the Greek MSS., is omitted by Box-Oesterley, 
/. c, following the versions. In place of 11. 24-5 the Syriac and Arabic versions have ' One 
(there is) who hath dominion over all her treasures '. 

28. K?: Β alone of the Greek MSS. assigns this Avord to the previous verse. That 
αντην, the reading of the MSS., was added at the end of the line is not quite certain, though 
without it the line would be rather short ; cf. 1. 33, n. 

29. ei8fv: soi^C; ιδβί; BA. 

33. Whether this line, which was written in uncials by a different hand in darker ink 
but intentionally obliterated, has any connexion with the main text is uncertain. The 
readings of all the letters except the first four are very doubtful, and there are several 
ink smudges on both sides of the papyrus which seem to be accidental. If ίπανω is right, 
the reference is perhaps to an omission by the first hand, i.e. of αντην in 1. 28 rather than 
avTov in ]. 32. 

1596. St. John's Gospel vi. 

IO-7X5-2 cm. Fourth century. 

A fragment from the lower part of a leaf of a papyrus codex of St. 
John's Gospel, containing vi. 8-12 and 17-32, but vi^ith the loss of slightly- 
more than half the lines. It was found together with third-fourth century 
documents, and probably belongs to the early or middle part of the fourth 
century, the script being a medium-sized semiuncial. Ί{ησον)ί is the only 
contraction, and one high stop occurs (1. 41) ; pauses are indicated by a slight 
space in 1. 46, and probably by a larger space in the lacuna in 1. 49. The 
papyrus, though hardly so old as 208 (parts of i and xx) and 1228 (xv. 25- 
xvi. 31) and not very correctly spelled, is interesting on account of its early 
date, being probably older than 847 (ii. 11-22 on vellum). The text is eclectic 
in places (e. g. 1. 22), as often happens in early Biblical MSS., but tends, 
like 847, to support Β rather than ϊ^, to which 208 and to a less degree 1228 
incline, or A. There are 8 agreements with Β in the 10 places where Β and 
i^"^ dififer, and in only i out of 5 places, where A differs from both i^ and B, does 
1596 apparently support A (1. 21, n.). A new order of words seems to 
occur in a passage where all three of the chief MSS. differ (11. 40-1, n.). 

Recto. 
14 lines lost 
15 [avTOV AvSpeas αδζλφο^ Sίμcΰ]vo9 ΙΙζτρο[ν vi. 8 

[ζστιν παιΒαριον ωδ€ oy ^]χ€ί nevre aprovs κ[ρί g 



1596. ST. JOHN'S GOSPEL VI 



20 



25 



[Bivovs και δυο οψαρία αλ]λα ταντα τι ξστιν 6ί[? 

[τοσούτους nirev ο Is ποίησ]ατ€ τους ανθρωποχ^ς 

[αναπ€σ€ίν ην 5e \ορτ]ρς πολύς ev τω τοπ[ω 

[aveneaav ουν οί] ανδρός τον αριθ[μον 

[<ασ€ΐ π€ντακισ])(ΐλ€ίθί ΐλζβξν ον[ν 

[τους άρτους ο Ις κ]αι ^υγαριστησας €5(ίο[ 

[k€V τοις ανακβιμ]ξνοίς ομοίως και e[K 

[των οψαριων οσο]ν ηθβλον ως δβ 

[€ν€πλησθησαν] Xeyei τοις μαθηταις α[υ 



Verso. 

13 lines lost 
[χοντο π€\ραν τ[ης βαΧασσης €ΐς Καψαρναουμ 

4θ [κ]αι σκοτία ηδη €y[e]y[oi'ei και ου προς αυτούς 
[€]ληλνθ€ΐ ο Ις• η re 6[αλασσα ανβμου μ^γα 
[λο]υ πνέοντος δΐ€γ€ΐ[ρ€το ίληλακοτ^ς ουν 
ως σταδιους ξΐκοσι π[ξντ€ η τριάκοντα Θζωρου 
[σι\ν Ιν π€ριπατου[ντα ζπι της θαλάσσης 

45 χαι €νγυς του πλοι[ου γινομβνον και 

ΐφοβηθησαν ο δζ [Xeyei αυτοις εγω €ΐμι 
μη φοβ€ΐσθαι ηθ([λον ουν λαβξΐν αυτόν 
€ΐς το πλοιον και ([υθξως iyeveTO το πλοιον 
€πι της γης €ΐς η[ν υπηγον τη €παυ 

5ο ριον ο όχλος ο (στ[ηκως π^ραν της θαλάσσης 
ΐδζν ΟΤΙ πλοιαριον [άλλο ουκ ην €Κξΐ €ΐ μη ev 



17 

18 
19 



20 
21 



16-18. The restorations of these lines, based on t^ and B, are quite long enough, even 
allowing for the slope of the column towards the left, which is noticeable on the verso. 
Hence it is very improbable that 1596 agreed with A and many later MSS. in adding 
ev after παίδαρων in 1. 1 6 and Be after emev in 1. 18. 

19. χορτ''^ος ttoXvs : SO nearly all MSS. ; ποΧνς χόρτος Α. 

2 ο. ονν Οί] avSpes : this, the reading of i^B &c., suits the space better than ovp 
01 αν{θρωπ)οί apBpes (A &c.). Some MSS. omit ovu or 01, and 1596 may have had 

01 αν(^θρωπ\οι avdpes, omitting ovu. 

2 1. [ωσ€ί (A and most MSS.) suits the length of the lacuna better than ωί (i^B). 

ίλφεν : 1. €λαβ(ν. 

ov[v : so ^"icABD and some others ; Se t^* &c. 

22. ΐνχαριστησα: : SO AB and most MSS. ; ΐνχαριστησΐν και ^Ό &C. 



ΙΟ THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

ώω[κ(ν : SO i^D and some others ; δκΒωκΐν AB and most MSS. 
23. καί•. so l^AB and most MSS. ; 8( και D &c. 

40. [(flat σκοτία η8η ey\f'\y[ov(i : SO AB and mOSt MSS. ; κατελαβίκ 8f avtovs η σκοτία ^5D. 
40—1. ου wpos avTovs \€]ληλνθ(ΐ ο ΐ{ησου)ί : ονπω ίλτ/λ. ΐ(';σ.) ττροΓ αυτ. i<5 ; ουπω προς αυτ, 

(ΚηΚ. ο ΐ{ησ.) Β ; ονκ (\η\. προς αυτ. ο \{ησ.) Α. There is not room for ουπω here. 

41. Tc. so most MSS. ; Se D &c. 

42. 8i.eyei\peT0 : SO Β &C. ; 8ιηγίΐρ{Τθ ^ΑΏ &C. 

43. ωί : SO ^B and most MSS. ; ωσ€ΐ AD &c. ; om. a few MSS. 

στα8ιους : SO i^a ^el bAB and moSt MSS. ; σταδία i^*O. 

43-4. θ(ωρου\σι]ν : the supplement in 1. 43 is rather long; and possibly ορω\σι]ν 
occurred, though no such variant is known here. Before ΐ{ησυν)ν the MSS. insert τον, but 
there is certainly not room for [το]ι/ here. 

46. ο Se : so all Greek MSS. except i«i, which has και. 

4 γ. φοβασθαι : 1. φοβίίσβΐ. 

49• (TTL της γης: so ί<5<=ΑΒΒ and most MSS. ; em την γην ^* &c. 

[νπηγον : so all MSS. except t^*, which has υπηντησίν. That reading is possible here, 
for the supplement (13 letters) is 3 or 4 letters shorter than would be expected, but there 
may well have been a considerable space before τη επαύριον, which begins a new section. 

51. t8fv : so i^D &c. {eiSfv) ; ei8ov AB &c. ; ι8ων some MSS. 



1597. Acts of the Apostles xxvi. 

5-7 X 2-8 cm. Late third or fourth century. 

Plate I (verso). 

This scrap from the bottom of a leaf of a papyrus codex is tantalizing, 
for it belongs to an abnormal recension of Acts. The script is a good-sized, 
somewhat irregular uncial, which is certainly not later than the fourth century 
and may belong to the latter part of the third. Μ has the middle brought 
down below the side strokes ; the top stroke of Ξ is curved and the middle 
of CO is slurred. 0eos is contracted, as usual. Whether stops were employed 
is uncertain. All that survives is 7-10 letters from the beginnings or ends of 
10 fairly long lines which covered xxvi. 7-8 and 20, and the reconstructions 
of the lacunae are in several places doubtful ; but enough remains to show 
that the text presented many novelties. In ch. xxvi D (Codex Bezae), the 
principal rival of the current text, is defective ; but in 11. 3 and 8 there are strong 
indications of agreements between 1597 and some of the variants presei-ved in 
Old Latin MSS., so that the fragment seems to represent a very ancient Greek 
text akin to the 'Western', apparently avoiding some of the difficulties of 
construction and sense presented by the current text in this chapter. That 
a piece of the ' Western ' text of Acts should make its appearance in Egypt 
is an interesting circumstance, but perhaps not very surprising. The reading 
of D in Matt. iii. 16-17 occurred in the Oxyrhynchus Irenaeus fragment (405; 



1597. ACTS OF THE APOSTLES XXVI ii 

Part iv, pp. 264-5), and in other papyrus or vellum fragments of Acts from 
Egypt occasional agreements with D are found (in P. Amh. 8 at ii. 13, and in 
von Soden's α ^ at iv. 3a). 

Verso. Plate i. 
TO δοοδ€κ[αφνλο}/ ημών €v €ΚΤ€ 7 

νια ννκτ[α και ημ^ραν Xarpevei ev ? 
ζλπιδι κ[αταντησαι ττζρι ης νυν ? 

€νκαλον[μαι υπο Ιουδαίων ei ? 8 

ζ ο θ? ν€κρ[ου9 €γ€ΐρ€ΐ 

Recto. 
[απ€ΐθη9 τη ουρανιω οπτασία α]λλα rots' ([ν 2θ 

[Δαμασκω πρώτον re και Ιβρο]σολομοις κα[ι 
[τη Ιουδαία και τοΐ9 ^θν^σιν] ^κήρυξα [ 
\μ^τανθ€ίν και €πιστρζψ€ΐν €]πι τον Θν [ 
ΙΟ [α^ια τη? μετάνοια? €ργα πρ]ασσοντας [ 

Ι— 3. The ordinary Greek text is eV eKT€v[e)ia νύκτα καΐ ημίραν Xurpeiov ίΚπίζίΐ. καταντησαι 

{-ησΐΐν Β)• irefH ψ fXnibos ί-γκαλοΐιμαι, but Cod. Gigas (13th Cent.) which has instanter node ac 
die deseruiunt in spe peruenire, de qua spe nunc accusor in place of the usual node ac die 
deseruienies sperant deuenire, de qua spe accusor, seems to be based on a Greek text closely 
allied to 1597. eXmbi in 1. 3 makes a verb, not a participle, necessary in 1. 2 ; but whether 
iv should be inserted at the end of 1. 2 is doubtful, for it produces 20 letters in the lacuna, 
whereas in 1. i there are only 16 in the corresponding space. Line i is, however, very short 
compared with the lines on the recto, and possibly a dittography or unknown variant 
occurred in the lost part of it. If so, there was no appreciable difference in the length of 
the lines on the two sides of the leaf, and not only is there plenty of room for Xarpevei ev in 
1. 2, but βλπιδοί, for the omission of which there is no parallel, can be restored instead of vw 
in 1. 3, and βασιλίν inserted in 1. 4 (cf n.). But on the whole we prefer on account of 
1. I to suppose that the lines on the verso are somewhat shorter than those on the recto. 

4. After Ιουδαίων, before which many cursives insert τών, most Greek MSS. except A 
insert βασιλιν ; but Cod. Gigas omits rex, and there may well have been a blank space before 
V. 8. There is no room for βασιλβν here without creating a great difficulty in the restora- 
tion of 1. I ; cf the preceding n. How 1597's recension of v. 8 was arranged is not clear. 
The Greek MSS. all have τί Άπιστον κρίνΐται. παρ' νμϊν, fl 6 θ(6ς vfKpovs eye'ipei, which is repro- 
duced in the Latin, and the omission oi^a line containing η . . . νμιν is an easy hypothesis. But 
in view of the other new readings in 1597 the passage may represent a genuinely different 
recension of a verse which comes into the context somewhat abruptly, and which Nestle 
wished to place after v. 23. 

6. Verses 9-19, which are missing at the top of the recto, would occupy 33 or 
34 Hues corresponding to 11. 6-10, if the text was approximately as long as the ordinary 
one ; but 1597 seems to be somewhat shorter than usual. 

7. The restorations of 11. 9-10, which are practically certain, favour the insertion here 



12 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

of either re before και with i*5AB (but not traceable in the Old Latin) or cr before ΐ^ρο]σολο- 
/ioif with A, but not of both. 

κα\ι I τη Ιουδαία : this restoration, though implying a new variant, suits the presumable 
length of the lacuna in 1. 8 (if και tois ίθνεσιν is retained) much better than κα\ι | τοκ Ιουδαίου, 
which would have the support of in omnem regionem iudeis, the reading of the Cod. 
Colbertinus (13th cent.) and a corrector of the Cod. Perpinianus (13th cent.). t^BA have 
τΐασαν τ€ την χωράν τη: Ιουδαίας, which is retained by Tischendorf in spite of the difficulty 
caused by the unexplained accusative, in later MSS. governed by an inserted €is (so von 
Soden). That 1597, which was shorter here than the current text, had κα[ι | ets πασαν την 
χωράν της ίουδαιαί] and omitted και τοις edveaiv is possible, but less likely. 

8. f κήρυξα : απη-^γίλλον (ί^ΒΑ) is the best attested reading, and the numerous variants 
are all compounds of ayyeWdv in some form. The Old Latin MSS. have adnuntiare 
in some form, except the Floriacensis (6th-7th cent.) which has praedicaui, apparently 
representing €κηρυξη. 

g. τον 6{eo)v : τον ζωντα θ. some cursives, &c. (including von Soden's chief ' Pamphilus ' 
group); cf. xiv. 15. 

1598. I Thessalonians iv — II Thessalonians i. 

Fr. 4 8-8 χ6•2 cm. Late third or fourth century. 

Parts of two consecutive leaves and an unidentified scrap of a papyrus 
codex, containing I Thess. iv. 12-II Thess. i. 2 with considerable lacunae. The 
script is a large heavy round uncial of the early biblical type, not so formal and 
calligraphic as e. g. 1166 (Part ix, Plate i), but, like 406, probably of the late 
third rather than the fourth century. The usual contractions of ^«09, Ίησου?, 
Kvpio'i, ττατήρ, and Χρίστο? occur. No stops are actually found, but a >-shaped sign 
is used for filling up short lines. The numbers of the pages, which are twice 
preserved (pp. 207-8), suggest that the book was a collection of St. Paul's 
Epistles, and it is noteworthy that the usual order of these from Romans to 
I Thess. would exactly account for the preceding 206 pages. 

The text is interesting, being, as often, eclectic in character. It agrees with Β 
four times against hi A, once with Β A against b5, twice with t«^A against B, once with 
hi against BA. In 11. 60, 77, and 109 the papyrus clearly presented a longer text 
than any of the MSS., but in no case is the addition preserved, though fairly 
probable conjectures can be made. In 1. 70 the papyrus is shorter than the MSS. 
The unidentified fragment does not agree with the ordinary text of any passage 
in either of these two Epistles. A seventh- century vellum fragment of I Thess. iii. 
6-9, iv. 2-5 has been published by Wessely {Stud, ztir Palaeogr. xii. 192). 

Frs. 1 + 2 recto. Frs. 1 + 2 verso. 

σζ ση 

νοί [xpeitti/ €χητ£ ου OeXo I. iv. 13 [ούτως €ρ\€ται όταν λ€γ]ωσιν ν. 3 

μ€ν [δξ νμα9 ayvonv αδίλ 35 [^ψν^ν '^^^ ασφαλβια το]τ αι 



1598. / THESSALONIANS IV— II THESSALONIANS I 13 



3 [0°]' \F^P'- "^^^ κοιμωμ(.νων 
15 lines lost 
νου και o[l νεκροί iv Χω α iv. 
20 ναστησο\νται πρώτον 6 
7Γ€ίτ[α ημζΐς οι ζωντ€9 
0C ττ€ρ[ι\λ[ζίπομ€νοί αμα 
συν αντοί9 α[ρπαγησομζθα 
€ν fe0eAa[iy eii απαντη 
25 σ-ιν του κΰ ei? [aepa και ούτω 
παντοτζ συν \κω ^σομξθα ωσ 
7 lines lost 



17 lines lost 
[8υσαμ€νοι θωρακ]α πίστ€[ ν. 8 

1 6 [ως και αγάπης και] πζρικζφα[ 

17 55 [^αιαν βλπιδα σ]ωτηριας οτι [ g 

[ουκ eOero ο θς] ημάς βί? ορ[ 
[γην άλλα eiy π]€ριποιη[σ]ίν 
[σωτήριας δια τ]ου κΰ ημών 
[Ιηυ του αποΘανον]τος ϋπ€ρ η ίο 
6ο [μων πάντων ? ιν]α €ΐ[τβ γρ]η 
iS 6 lines lost 



Frs. 3+4 verso. 
[σβ ] 

[υμιν και προιστ]αν[ο]μ€ ν. 1 2 
[νους υμών cv κω κα]ι νου 
[θζτουντας υμάς] και ηγβι 13 

7ο [σθαι αυτούς e]< περισσού 
[ξν αγάπη δια το] ([ρ^γον αυ 
[των] ([ιρην€υ€τ]€ ev αυτοις 
[παρ]ακ[αλουμ€ν δξ υλμας α 14 
[δξλφοι νουθξτβιτί] τους 

75 [a]r?['<^]rMPF ^[<^\βοι[μυθβισ]θ€ 
τους ο[λ]ιγοψυχ[ους αντ€χ€ 
σθ€ των α[σθ\€[νων €v υμιν ? 
μακροΘυμ€ίτ[€ προς παν 
τας ορατ€ μη τ[ις κακόν αν ι ζ 

8ο τι κάκου τινι απ[οδω άλλα 
παντοτ€ το α[γαθον διωκξ . 
Τ€ και €ΐς [αλλήλους και €ΐς 
παν[τας πάντοτε, γαιρ^τζ. 1 6 

αδιοό^ξ,ιπτως προσίυνζσθζ 17 

85 €v π[αντι ζυχαριστξίτε του 1 8 
ι8 lines lost 



Frs. 3+4 recto. 

[ σΟ 

και π€ρι η[μων ασπασασθβ ν, 2 6 

Ι05 τους αΒ^^λφους παντας ev 

φιληματ[ι αγιω ζνορκιζω υ 27 

μας τον κν [αναγνωσθηναι 
την ΐπιστ[ολην πασιν τοις 
αδ€λφ[οις τοις αγιοις ? η να 28 

Ι ΙΟ ρις του [κΰ ημών Ιηυ Χυ μ€ 
θ υμ[ων 

[προς Θ€σσα]λον€[ικ]ίΐς α 
[προς Θ€σσαλο]ν([ικξ]ις β 

[Παύλος και ^ιλ]ουανο[ς] και Π. i. ι 
115 [Τιμοθΐος τη €κκ]λησια 
[ΘίσσαλονζίΚίων €]ν θω 
[πρι ημών και κω Ιη]υ Χω 
[χάρις υμιν και ζίρηνη] απο 2 

1 8 lines lost 



14 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

Fr. 5 (middle of a column). 

Verso. Recto. 

137 ]ασ[ ]το[ τ 44 . .] Ιί^[ 

140 ];ca[ 

1-2. θίΚολμΐν: so ί^ΑΒ and most MSS. ; θίλω some cursives, versions, and citations. 
22. ot πΐρ\ι\λ'^(ητομΐνοι : SO most MSS. ; om. FG &c. 

25. τον κ(νρίο)υ : so ^^AB and most MSS. ; some others have τω Χριστώ. 

26. συν: so ί^Α &C. ; 61/ Β. 

35• '^"l'' • i^he 6 is not usually elided here. 

56. ο ^(eo)s] ημάς: SO Β with SOme cursives; ημάς ο θ{€θ)ς Ϊ^Α &c. 

59• [ϊ^= so β 3.nd the Aethiopic version; for i^ Χϋ, the ordinary reading, there 
is not room. 

vnep : SO ^^cAD and most others ; nepi ^^*B. 

59-60. η\μων πάντων } iv\a: om. παίτωι/ MSS. No variant CXCept ■ypjjyopou/xei/ for yp?;yopQ)- 

pev is known at this point, but the traces of letters in 1. 60 are irreconcilable with the ordinary 
readings, ne being nearly certain, though the other vesdges are inconclusive. 

67. 7Γμοιστ]αν[ο]μΐ[νον! : SO ^A, this being a common Egyptian form of the usual 
ττροϊσταμίνονς. The reading is not quite certain, but suits the vestiges better than 7Γρ]οί[στα]- 
μΐ[νονς, which seems to be the only alternative. 

69. και : SO ^^AB and most MSS. ; ωστΐ FG. 

70. e]^ πίρισσον : vnepeKwepiaaov ^A and moSt MSS. ; νπ(ρ(κπ(ρι.σσως BD*FG. In iii. 

10 and Eph. iii. 20 there is no variant for vneptKnepiaaov, but in Mark xiv. 31 b^BCD &c. 

read (κπιρισσως in place of en ττ^ρισσον. 

71. The supposed traces oi ([p]yov are very doubtful, but no variant is known. 

72. αυτοις; SO t^O* &C. ; eavTOis ABD° &C. 

77. ο[σ^]6[ΐ'ωΐ' ev νμιν? : SO Bartlct ; the MSS. have nothing between ασθΐνων and 

μακροθυματΐ, 

82. και: SO ^^cB &c. ; om. 5^*AD &c. 

104. και: so BD* &c. ; om. ^^ADc and most other IMSS. 

106. (νορκιζω (ABD* &c.) suits the space better than ορκίζω (^<ξDb and most others). 

109. αδίλφι^οί? τοις αγιοις : αδελφοί? t«i*BD &C. ; ayioig αδελφοίϊ ^•^''A &C. 

111. After νμ[ων the papyrus may have had αμήν Λvith t^A &c. 

112. The title agrees with $^B* ; other MSS. add ϊπληρώθη or ετίλίσθη or (γράφη άπο 

Αθηνών. 

113. The title agrees with ^5AB ; other MSS. prefix άρχεται. 

114. 2tX]ouaiO[y] : SO t>5AB &c. ; some MSS. have Ί.ιΚβανός. 

117. ΐί?(σο)]ι; χ(ριστ)ω : £0 ^?AB &c. ; χ{ριστ)ω \{ησο)υ D and some others. 

144. This line corresponds in position to 1. 143, the upper part of the recto being lost. 
The first contraction was presumably some case of κύριο? or Χριστός, but 1. 144 cannot be 
combined with 1. 117. 



1599. HERMAS, PASTOR, SIM. VIII 15 

1599. Hermas, Pastor, Sim. viii. 

24-5 X 19-8 cm. Fourth century. 

A complete leaf of a papyrus codex containing Sim. viii. 6. 4-8. 3 of the 
Shepherd of Hermas, this being the eighth Greek fragment of that popular 
work which has been obtained from Egypt, besides a few Coptic fragments ; 
cf. 1172. int. and Berl. Klassikertexte, vi, p. 16. The two pages are numbered 
ηΐ and 73, the columns being slightly longer than those in 1172, where Sim. ii 
occupies pp. 70-1. The script of the major portion is a medium-sized upright 
semiuncial with a tendency to exaggerate the last stroke of a, κ, and λ. Some- 
thing seems to have gone wrong with the verso, where the original writing has 
been obliterated in 11. ^-6 and from 7 onwards, and a larger and less practised 
hand, which imitates the style of the first, takes its place up to the end of the page. 
The leaf was found with dated third-century documents, but the writing hardly 
suggests so early a date, and it more probably belongs to the fourth century, like 
1172, than to the last quarter of the third. 0eo? and κυριοϊ are contracted, as 
usual. Pauses are indicated by high stops and blank spaces. An apostrophe is 
sometimes used to mark elision or divide double consonants. 

The text is not very good, being prone to omissions, especially owing to 
homoioteleuton, as in 11. 19-ao, 35, 37, 40-1 ; cf. 11. 3, 9, 18, 32, 24, 32, '>^'3,, 
41, 45, where 1599 is in nearly all cases clearly wrong. Other slips occur, 
e. g. in 1. 29. But naturally the difference of nine centuries between the dates 
of 1599 and the Codex Athous, which for this part of the Shepherd is the 
sole Greek authority, expresses itself by a number of improvements in the 
older text. In five places (11. 9 ξλάλησαί, ao, 31, 37, 54) it supports one or 
both of the Latin versions against the Athous, which in 1. 54 had corrupted 
αυτόν to λοίττόν, as discerned by Hilgenfeld. Of the other variants the most 
noteworthy occur in 11. 3-4, 5, 11, 25, 38, 42, 46, 48, 50, ^6. Most of these 
are probably right ; that in 11. 3-4 is apparently supported by the Aethiopic 
version. There are, as usual in Hermas papyri, several changes in the order 
of words (11. 6, 30, 44, 47, 49, 52), where the evidence of the older witness is 
generally the more credible ; cf. 1172. int. 

The collation with the text of the Codex Athous (ca) is based on Lake's 
transcript in Facsimile of the A thos fragments of the Shepherd of Hermas, which 
supersedes Simonides's transcript used by Gebhardt-Harnack and the imperfect 
collation of Georgandas. The information as to the Latin Vulgate and Palatine 
versions (L^ and L^) and Aethiopic version (A) is obtained from Gebhardt- 
Harnack's and Hilgenfeld's editions. A new edition of the Shepherd is much to 
be desired. 



l6 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

Verso. 

απο των τοιούτων [[7'9/9^Γ'?^]] ^ C^^ αη€[στη] viii. 6. 4 

οι Se τα^ ivP^^ '^"^ άσηπτου? €πιδ€δωκο[τ€ς] και 5 

οντοί' €γγν9 αυτών ήσαν ϋποκριται και \piS\ayas 
€ΐσφ€ροντ€5 eTepas• και €κστρ€φοντί[ς] τους 
5 δούλους του θυ' (2nd hand) /ία[[λ^ίστα δζ πάλιν τους ημαρ 
1st hand τηκοτίς (2nd h.) μη αφβντί? a(ist h.)υτoυς (2nd h.) μ^τανο^ιν 
άλλα ταις διδαγαις ταις μωραις πάθοντας αυτούς 
ούτοι ουν ^γ^ουσιν έλπιδα του μζτανοησαΐ' βλ^πις 6 

δβ e| αυτών μ^τανβνοηκοτβς αφ οτ€ (λαλησας 

ΙΟ αυτοις τας ^ντολας μον κα[ι] eTt μ^τανοησωσιν 
όσοι δβ ου μξτ^νοησαν απωλέσαν την ψυ)(^ην 
αυτών όσοι δί μ^Τζνοησαν βξ αυτών αγα6[ο]ι 
€γ[€\νοντο' και eyei'ero η κατ οικία αυτών €ΐ[ς 
τα τιχη τα πρώτα' τιν^ς δβ και €ΐς τον πυργ[ο]ν 

15 ανζβησαν βλ^πις ουν φησιν οτι η μετάνοια 
των αμαρτωλών ζωην et^ei/ το δβ μη μ€τα 

νοησαι θάνατον όσοι δί ημι^ηρους βπ([ 7. ^ 

δωκαν και €v αυταις σγ^ισμας nyov ακου^ πί[ρι. 
αυτών όσων ήσαν αι ραβδα[ι\ ημι^ηρους [ 

2θ διψυχ^οι βισιν και καταλαλοι μηδ€ποτ€ €ΐρην[€υ ζ 

οντβς €v (.αυτοις• άλλα διγοστατουντ^ς π[αν 
τοτ€ και τούτοις φησιν ^πικξίται μ€ταν[οια 
βλζπ^ις φησιν τινας ηδη e| αυτών μ€ταν[€νο 
ηκοτας' και ίτι ξλπις ^στιν ev αυτοις μ€τα[νοιας 

25 οσοι ουν φησιν e^ αυτών μ€ταν€νοηκα[σι 3 

βραδυτ€ρον €ΐς τα τιχ^η κατοικησωσιν 
οι δβ ου μβτανοησωσιν ταις πρα^ί[σ]ιν αυτών 
θανατω αποθανουνται• 

Recto. 

ογ 

1st hand ο[σοι δ]€ χλωρας €πιδζδωκοτ€ς τας ράβδους αυτών 4 

3θ και [σ•)(^ι\σμας €)(^ουσας ούτοι πάντοτε πιστοί και 



1599. HERMAS, PASTOR, SIM. VIII 17 

α•γα\θοί\ ^yivovTO e)(oi/Tey 5e ζηΧον τίνα ev 

αλ'[λη]λοί5 irepi πρωτιών και π^ρι Solas' άλλα 

TravTes ούτοι μωροί eiaiu eu αλ'ληλοΐ9' άλλα και ου 5 

τοι ακουσαντζ? των εντολών μου αγαθοί 

35 ovTi9 €καθαρισαν eavTov^ και μ^τ^νοησαν 

Tayy eyej/ero ονν η κατοικησις αυτών ety τον 

πυργον eav Se τι? αυτών τταλιν ^ττιστραφη 

€iy ττιν 8ιγρσ[τα\σιαν βκ'κολ ληθησ^ται του πύργου 

και απολ^σι την ζωην αυτόν η ζωη πάντων 6 

4θ eaTiv των τηρουντων Tas €ντολα9 του κν 

και τα9 ^ντολας Se π^ρι πρωτιών η π^ρι δοξη? 
ουκ €στιν άλλα π€ρι μακροθυμια^ και π€ρι ταπί 
νοφρ[ο]συνη9 avSpos ev tois Se τοιούτοι^ η ζωη του κϋ 
€v 8e τοις δι^οστατοις και παρανομοις θάνατος' 

45 των §€ ξπιδξδωκοτων τας ράβδους ήμισυ χλωρας ήμισυ 8. ι 

ζηρας ούτοι €ΐσιν οι ταις πραγματιαις αυτών 
€νπ€φυρμζνοι και τοις αγιοις μη κολ'λωμ€νοι 
δια τούτο το η[μι]συ αυτών ζη και το ήμισυ απίθανίν 
πολλοί ουν ακουσαντ€ς των εντολών μου μ€Τ€ 2 

5ο νόησαν όσοι ουν μ€Τ€νοησαν η κατοικία αυτών 

[ety] τον πυργον τινξς δζ αυτών ety reXoy απ^στησαν 
[οι>το]ί ουν μζτανοιαν ουκ ζγουσιν δια τας πράγμα 
[τιας γ]αρ' αυτών ΐβλασφηζ^μη^σαν τον κν και απηρνησαντο 
[α]υτον απωλέσαν ονν την ζωην αυτών δια την πο 

55 [νη^ριαν ην έπραξαν πολλοί δι e| αυτών βδιψυχησαν 3 

ούτοι ουν €τι ^γρυσιν μ^τανοιαν cav ταχύ μξτανοησωσιν 

Ι . τοιούτων : SO ca and L^ ; L^ adds ergo, A igUur. The termination of the word 
following τοιούτων is very uncertain ; but, though the obliteration might be accidental 
instead of intentional, toivw does not seem long enough. 

3. ούτοι' eyyvs αντων ήσαν. οντοι e-yyif αυτών' ήσαν yap ca, supported by L L and A. 

3-4. [διδ]αχαί εισφ(ροντ€ί erepas : διδ. ξενας ίίσφ. ca. pravas in \}\} perhaps implies 
a different adjective, but A's duplicem {docirinani) seems to support crtpas, for which 
cf. Gal. '\\ 6 erepoj/ evayyi\iov. The Gnostics are supposed to be meant. 

5. /χο[[λ]]λιστα : or poSsibly μαΧ\ιστα. 

πάλιν: om. ca, L'L^. 

ημαρτηκυτ^ς : ημαρτηκότας ca J cf. 1. 9, where the accusative in -fs recurs, and Jannaris, 
H/sL Gr. Gram. p. 120. 

C 



i8 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

6. αφ^ντΐς : αφκντΐς ca in accordance with the other participles. 

avTovs μ(τανο(ΐν : μΐτανούν αυτ. ca. 

7. π(ΐθοντ(ς : SO ca and L^ {detinentes) ; detinebant U ; seducunt A. 
9. e| avT(uv : ■noiCKov'i e| αυτ. ca with L \-?. 

μ(ταν€νοηκοτ(5 '. και μ(τανΐνοηκότας ca ; cf. 1. 5» f•• 
αφ ore : αφ ης Ca. 

ελαλί?σαί : SO L'L' {perhiUsti) ; ίΚάλησα ca ; mmiiaiiim est A. Editors prefer ελάλι^σα?. 
Cf. the passage immediately preceding 1. i, where ca has (λάλησα, but L' implies ΐλάλησας. 

ΙΟ. μ(τανοησωσίν : μΐτανοησονσιν ca ; cf. 11. 26-7 and Jannaris, qp. cit. p. 555. 

II. μ€Τΐνοησαν•. μΐτανοησονσιν ca ; egerini (v.l. egeruni) L'L^. μ(τανοησονσιν is probably 
due to a reminiscence of 1. 10. 

ψνχην : ζωην ca ; Vi/a?ii L^L^. 

12—3. aya^loli eyffliOi/To* και; om. L . 

16. fixev: exeica; zwiiif (z'/'/i7;«) L^L^. 
18. 7Γί[ρι : κα\ πΐρι ca ; i/if (Λ/ί) ve7O L^L"^. 

19-20. m ρα/3δα[ι1 ημιξηρους 8ι.ψνχοί (ίσιν και καταλαλοι : αί ράβ8οι κάβα (1. κατά) το αντο 
ημίξηροι 8ιψυχοί elaiV ovTe yap ζώσιν οϋτ€ τΐθνήκασιν. οι δε ήμιξηρους €χοντ(5 κα\ iv ανταϊς σχισμής, 

οίτοι κα\ 8ιψυχο\ και καταλάλοί (Ισιν ca, the omissions in 1599 being mostly due to homoiote- 
leuton ; cf. int. The archetype of 1599 may well have already lost κατά τύ αυτό, which is 
omitted by Ιβ and A {tanhimmodo L^). 

20. μ•>]8(Ίΐοτ(. : et mmquain L'L-A ; και μ-φΐ ca. και μηδίποτΐ Gebh.-Harn. ; but καΊ 
is superfluous. 

22. και: άλλα κα\ ca ; e/ {/it's) quidem L' ; 7iain d \?. 

23. Γ/δ?; : om. ca, L'L-. 

24. en ίλτΓΐΓ eartv er αντοι% μ6Γα[ι/οιαί : en, φησίν, ΐστιν iv avTo'is ίλπις μΐταν. Ca. 

25. όσοι ovv: κα\ όσοι ca ; qiiiciiiiqtie vero \} ; quicunque enivi U. 

μ(τανΐνοηκ€^σι\ βραδύτερου : μίταν. την κατοικίαν els τον ττνργον ΐξονσιν. όσοι 8e ίξ αυτών 
βραδύτ€ρον μετανίνοηκασι ca. Cf. 11. 1 9— 20, η. 

26. καΓοικί^σωσιν : -σουσικ ca. Cf. 1. ΙΟ, η. The supposed stop may be part of the κ of 
κπ[σι in 1. 25. 

27. 01 δε ου μ€τανοησωσιν : SO L•^ qin Vcro 71011 egerint ; όσοι be oh μετανοοΰσιν αλλ 

ίμμύνουσι ca. Cf. 11. 10, 19-20, and 29, nn. 

29. ο[σοι : ot ca. Cf. 1. 27 where the papyrus has ot for όσοι. 

30. ούτοι πάντοτε : πάντοτε οντοι ca. 

31. 8e: om. ca; hut sed'L^U. 

32. δόξας : 1. δο^τ^Γ. δόξης τίνος ca with L^ {digJiUate quadani) ; L^ omits quadam. Cf. 

1. 41, n. 

33. ev αλληλοις: add ίχοντ(ς Trepl πρωτείων ca, w^hich edd. emend by inserting ζήλον after 
έχοντες ίτοτπ U habeul iiiter se aeinidaiionem de principatu and \} de principatu cerianiur. 

35. εκαθαρισαν : εκαθάρησαν ca. 

37. αντων : ?,o 'UL? {eorum) ; om ca. 

επιστραφη : επιστρίψτ} ca ; redierit DL". In classical authors the passive was used in this 

sense ; but cf. Matt. xii. 44 επιστρέψω ei's τΰν οϊκόν μου. 

38. εκκολληθησεται: εκβληθησεται άπο ca ; expelktiir L'L", εκκολλάν is not attested, but 
seems not unlikely here; cf. 1. 47 τοις αγιοις μη κολλωμενοι. β and κ are often very similar 
in cursive hands from the second century onwards. 

40-1. των τηρονντων τας εντολας του κ(υριο)ν και τας εντολας δε: των τας εντ.τοϋ κ{υρ). 
φνλοσσόντων εν τα'ις εντολαΐς δε ca with L^ ; {vi7a enini) eortan qui custodiunt ?nandata domiiii 
in mandaiis consistii L^ και may be a mistake for κατά, but εν τοις δε τοιουτοις occurs 
in 1. 43. 



1599. HERMAS, PASTOR, SIM. VIII 19 

41*. δο|ί;ί : fio|rjf Tivos ca with UL^ 

42. τα7πμοφρ[ο]σι;ΐ'ί/ϊ : ταπεινοφρονησίως ca ; humiUtatem animae L^ ; animi hmnil. L'•'. 
Ύατ!(ΐνοή>ροσνντ\ occurs several times in the N. T. and i Clem, and in the Shepherd twice, 
Vis. iii. 10. 6, Sim. v. 3. 7 ; but for ταπ^νοφρόνησις Stephanus only quotes Tertullian. 1599 
is likely to be right. 

43. fv Tois 8f ToiovTois : iv Tois TOiovrois ουν ca. L^ has for 11. 42-3 per patietitiam . . . 
viiam homines consequentur. 

44. ey 8e rois διχοστοτοίί : eV rots διχοστάτοΐϊ δε ca. ff δ? haS been corrected. δι;(οσΓάταΐί edd. 

45. των he ί7τώ€8ωκ»των : οί δε εττεδωδοκοΓε? ca, rightly. 

ήμισυ χλωρας ήμισυ ξηραί : ημ. μ€ν χ\. ήμ. δε ξηρ. ca ; UL" invert viride and aridum. 

46. ταΐί ■κραηματιαίί avTV)V\ €V ταΐς 7Γραγματ€ίαις C2i ; 7iegOiiationibus {ilivolutl^ J-}\J^. 

47. rots ayiOK μη κολΧωμ^νοι : μη κολλ. Tois ay. ca. 

48. και το ήμισυ aneOnvev: το δε ήμισυ νΐκρόν ε'στι ca ; dimidium mortiium est\} \ diiuidiae 
morhiae siinl 1?. 

49. των (ντο\ων μου: μου των evT, ca. 

50. ουν : γοΰν ca j UL•^ om. όσοι γουν μΐτ^νοησαν. 
52. δια ras ττρα-^μα\τιας y\ap : δια yap τ. πραγμ. ca. 

54• [aJuT-ov ■ Hilgenfeld's conjecture for the meaningless Xotrroi' of ca is confirmed ; cf. 
e/ cum abnegaverunt L\ eumque abneg. \}. 

56. ουν : om. ca ; adhuc el his est regressiis qui si cito . . . L\• qiiibus adhuc per celerem 
poaiitentiam regressio esi L*. 

1600. Treatise on the Passion. 

2 2-5 X 7-8 cm. Fifth century. 

This and the next three fragments (1601-3) all come from works which 
do not seem to be extant, though in the absence of an adequate patristic lexicon, 
except for the Apostolic Fathers and Apologists, this is not quite certain. 
None of them is likely to have been composed before the third or fourth 
century. 1600, which is most of a leaf from a papyrus codex, contains part 
of a treatise on the Passion as foreshadowed in the Old Testament by 
various types such as Abel, Joseph, and Moses, and being therefore at once 
both old and new ; illustrations from Deuteronomy and the Psalms are 
quoted. The verso clearly follows the recto, with an interval of perhaps not 
more than a single line at the top. The script is a good-sized round uncial 
of a formal type. The mound in which 1600 was found produced mainly 
fifth-century documents, and that century rather than the sixth is likely to 
be the date of the papyrus. The customary contractions for ^eos, Kvpios, and 
Χρίστο? occur. Pauses are indicated sometimes by high stops or blank spaces, 
but the employment of them is irregular. There are a few marginal corrections 
in a similar but not identical hand. On both sides of the papyrus the surface is 
much damaged in places. The restorations are largely due to Dr. Bartlet, who 
suggests that 1600 may come from Hippolytus, Uphs 'Ιουδαίου?. 

C 2 



20 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 
Recto. Verso. 



xlw/^* ^Λ^ • 

1 • [•] TTlO'T^OOi 

. . el< μακρόν προσ 
. . . .] οντω 8η και το 
τον κν π]αθθ9 €κ μακρόν 

. . . .]ωθ€ΐ' δια 8e τν 
πον δηλω ?]θ€ν σήμερον 
61' ημιν ?] τυγ^αΐ'ζί τ€τε 
λ€ΐωμ€]ν[ον .]α 

ΙΟ Ι lay καινο\ν το'] πα 

λαιον] νομιζο[μ€νο]ΐ' 
[ίστι γ]α,ρ καίνο[ν και τΓ\α 
^\\αιον rol τον κν μνστη[ 
\pLOu ΊΓ^αΧαιον μ€ν κα[ 

1.5 [τα το]ν νομον καινον [ 

[5e κατ]α την χάριν αλλ €α\ν 
[αποβ]λ€\Ιτης €ΐ9 τογ jyj'O^ 
[καιν]ον οψη δια τη? θν 
[δοσ€ ?]ω9 τοιννν ei βον «£[ 

2 ο [λ€£ το] τον κν μνστηριο [ 
['γνω]ναΐ' αποβλ^ψον δ[η? 

[eiy το]ΐ' Αβξλ' τον δι αδ€λ 
[φαν φ]ονζνομ€νον €ΐ? 
[τον ..]... τον ομοιω? 

25 [ ] • • οζομζνον 

[ζΐ? το]ν Ιωσήφ• τον ο 
[μοι]ω9 ττιπρασκομζ 
[νον] €£? τον Μωνσ^α 
[τον] ομοιω? €κτιθ€\[μ€νον 



3θ τ[ο]ν ομοι[ω9 . . . . μ€ 

νον €is το[ν9 άλλον? 

τον? ομοιω? [κακω? πα 

σχοντζ? αποβίλίψον <5e 

και €1? τον er [Ησαΐα ω? 
35 Ίτροβατον σφ[α•)(θζντα 

τον παταξαν[τα 

και σωσαντα [πολλον? ? 
ττίρι τον α[ιμ]ατο? [ 

δια π[ρο]φητικτ)? [γραφή? ? 
4θ τ[ο τον] κν μνστη[ριον 

. . ο . . . μζνον ο [μ^ν γαρ 

Μωνση? προ([φητζνσβ 

και οψ€σθ€ την [ζα>ην ν 

μων κρ€μαμ€ν[ην ξμττρο 
45 σθ^ν των οφΘαλ[μων ν 

μων ννκτο? και [ημζρα? 

και ον πιστ€νσητ[€ ei? την 

ζωην ν μων ο [δζ Ααν(ΐδ 

([ι]π€ν ινα τι ^φρνα^^[ν ίθνη και 
5θ λαοί €μξλ€τησα[ν κβνα 

παράστησαν οι βα σιλ€ΐ? 

τη? γη? και οι α.[ρχοντ€? 

συνηγθησαν ^[πι το αν 

το κατά τον κν κα[ι κατά του 
55 Χν ο,ντον ον . • f [ 

6 . $■ coy αρνιον [ζΐ? σφαγην 

αγομξνον τον [ 

(λογισαντο • • • [ 



Fr. 2 recto. 

6ο ] • ίλ . [ 



1600. TREATISE ON THE PASSION 21 

' Thus the Passion of the Lord which was (foreknown) for a long time and revealed by 
a pattern, to-day finds itself fulfilled in us . . . new which was thought old. For the mystery of 
the Lord is new and old, old in respect of the law, but new in respect of grace. But if thou 
wilt consider the pattern, thou wilt see that it is new by the giving (?) of God. If then thou 
wishest to know the mystery of the Lord, consider Abel who was killed through his brother ; 
. . . who was likewise . . . ; Joseph who was likewise sold ; IMoses who was likewise exposed ; 
. . . who was likewise . . . ; the others who likewise sufiered evil things. And consider also 
him who in Isaiah was slain as a sheep, who (was ?) struck . . . and saved (many). Concern- 
ing the blood . . . the mystery of the Lord is (revealed) through prophetic writing. For Moses 
prophesied "And ye shall see your life hanging before your eyes night and day, and ye 
shall have no assurance of your life ". And David said " Why did the nations rage and 
the peoples imagine vain things ? The kings of the earth set themselves and the rulers 
took counsel together against the Lord and against his anointed ", Whom . . . they 
considered as a lamb led to the slaughter . . .' 

8-9. τΐτί\(ΐωμΐνον or τίτΐλίσμΐνον would be expected, but hardly fills up 1. 9, which 
is shorter than the rest and perhaps ends a sentence. 

1 7. τον τύπον : the reading is very doubtful ; but neither τταλαιον nor 70 τταΚαων is satis- 
factory, and cf. 1. 6. It is not quite certain that a fragment containing the supposed 
ο of TVTzov, ΰ in 1. 18, and the top of the ν of /3ου and ea[ in 1. 19 is rightly placed here. 

19. The marginal note apparently corrects et βουλει to iav βουλή, λη may have been 
written in the margin below «αν or at the beginning of 1. 20, or possibly «αν | [βου]|λ[η 
should be restored at the ends of 11. 19-21. δ[ is, however, preferable in 1. 21 ; cf. n. 

21. There is a space between αποβλΐψον and δ[, which perhaps belongs to a marginal 
addition beginning in 1. 19; cf. n. δ[€ is not wanted, αποβλίψον being the apodosis of ei 
βον[λίί (but cf. 1. 33, where there is room for δε) ; and δ[η is more likely. 

22. The readings after A/3eX are very uncertain, but τον νπυ τον \ [Καιν φ]ον€υομίνον does 
not suit the vestiges. 

24—5. fis [τον Ισ\αακ τον ομοίως [νπο ττρ]? σφαζομ€νον is unsuitable, though οζομΐνον doCS 

not suggest an appropriate word. 

32-3. 7Γα\σχοντΐς: cf. 1599. 5, n. 

34—5. Cf. Isa. liii. 7 is πρόβατον eVt σφαγην ηχθη and 11. 56~7• 

36. παταξαν\τα : παταχθΐντα would be expected. 

43-8. A loose quotation of Deut. XXviii. 66 καί '4σται ή ζωη σον κρεμαμίνη απέναντι 
των οφθαλμών σον, και φοβηθηση ημίρας καί νυκτός, και ου πιστενσβις τΐ] ζωη σου, 

49-55 = Psalm ϋ. ι. 

56-8. Cf. Psalm xliii. 22 ελογίσθημεν ως πρόβατα σφαγής and 11. 34""5) "• 

59 -6ο. This unplaced fragment, being blank on the verso, presumably came near the 
ends of lines ; but at the ends of 11. 13-15 there is apparently nothing lost. It is not clear 
which way up it is to be read. 



1601. Homily on Spiritual Warfare. 

i2'7 X IO-2 cm. Late fourth or fifth century. 

The lower part of a leaf of a papyrus codex containing a homily of some 
kind on the warfare of the soul, largely concerned with Joel i. 6 (11. a sqq.) and 8 
(11. 23-8), but also referring to Hosea iii. 3 (11. 29-30) and perhaps the Pentateuch 



22 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

(1. 32). For much of the reconstruction we are indebted to Dr. Bartlet. The 
script is a medium-sized semiuncial of the late fourth or fifth century, with 
occasional high stops and the usual contractions of ^eos and probably Kvpios, but 
not of utos. Abbreviations are found on the recto, which probably followed 
the verso, and these perhaps occurred at the ends of lines of the verso also. 
Brown ink was employed. 

Verso. 



[ ]<«/^!L^ 

[.jcu^Cf τον νου [oTL iOvos αν^βη 

em την γην τον [κν ισγνρον γη 

γαρ ψησιν αι •\//ϋ^[αί των άγιων 

5 καί η ψν)(η τον νιο[ν τη? απωλζΐ(α9) ? 

ίθνος ζ^ονσιων τ[ον κοσμον τον 

τον και πν€νματικ[η €στιν ημιν 

η πάλη και αναβαιν(\ί αντο ? ΐ-(τχν 

ρον τνγγανον κα\ι avev αρι 

ΙΟ θμων ων η Τ€ταρ[τη 

κατά τούτο γαρ λ€λ[€κταί ανα 
ριθμητον τοντον [Se τον ζθνονς 
[οι] oSovTes λ€οντ[ο9 οτι ο avTL 
[8l\ko? νμων δίαβολ[ο? wepinaTei 

15 [^].'77<»ί' καταπίζΐν [ 

Recto. 

]r«i • ί 

]τΓνρον αι . . . . [. 
] κ€ραννηση ριπτι 
]ν αντων απολλνσι 
]ρον τηριτιθησιν <5e 
1 07Γ6/3 δηλονται ev 
]τη9 μζτα^ν'^ ταντα 
θρη]νησον ττροί μ€ 



1601. HOMILY ON SPIRITUAL WARFARE 23 

σακ\κοΐ' ςπι τον άνδρα αν(τη5) 
25 Ajeyet ην θρήνοι €πι 

To]vs StKaiovs rovs €v τη 
] τω θω θρην^ιν Se 
ο]τι ^νηστζυσ{αν) και ΐθρηνζνσά 

]u €λ€γ(€ΐή Ω,σηβ •γυναίκ{ι) πορ[νζνονση) 
3θ 07 ί καθηση] €7Γ e/zoi και ου μη ττορν^^νση^) 
] . ίο[. . .] . ρακ{ ) OTL ΤΓρωτ{ον) μ^ν 
] . ζγραψζν Μωνση9 οτι eau 

€]πιθνμ( ) την e| €Θν{ον9) εκκλησία 
τ]ουτ{ ) αντί του μη ω? €θνικ{ ) 

2-1 5• ' . . . because " a nation is come up on the land of the Lord in strength ". By 
" land " he means the souls of the holy, and the soul of the son of destruction by the " nation " 
of the powers of this world ; and our wrestling is spiritual. And it " is come up being strong 
and without numbers ", of which the fourth . . , ; for on this account it has been called 
numberless. Of this nation " the teeth are those of a lion " because your adversary 
the Devil walketh about seeking to devour . . .' 

I. ]ωμ€[ΐ': the first and third letters might be o, and the same applies to ]ωμΐν in 1. 2. 

2—3. Cf. Joel i. 6 OTi eSvos άνεβη eVi την γην μον Ισχνρον κα\ άναρίθμητον, οι οδόντΐς 
αντοΰ obovres Χίοντος^ καΐ αΐ μΐιλαι αντον σκύμνου. 

6. Γ of ίθνκ has been corrected. 

7—8. Cf. Eph. vi. 12 OTi oiiK eariv ήμϊν η ττάλη προς αίμα και σάρκα, αλλά . . . προς τα iivev- 
ματίκα της πονηρίας. 

13—15• Cf. Ι Peter ν. 8 ό αντίδικος νμων διάβολος, ά>ς Xewv ωρνόμΐνος, πβριπατΐϊ ζητών τίνα 
καταπιΐί]. 

1 8. κΐραννηση : Kepavvnvv is known, but apparently not κΐραννΰν. 

23—4. Cf. Joel i. 8 Θρήνησαν προς μ€ νπίρ ννμφην πΐρκζωσμίνην σάκκον 4π\ τον Άνδρα αντης τον 

παρθίνικόν. There is not room here for π^ρι^ζωσμ^νην, unless it was contracted, and certainly 
not for υπΐρ ννμφην as well, so that the quotation was probably not verbal ; cf. 11. 2-3 and 
29-30, nn. 

29—30. Cf. HOS. iii. 3 κα\ ΐΐπα προς αυτιών, Ημέρας πολλοί καβηστ) en' εμοί, κα\ ου μη 
πορνενσης . . . 

1602. Homily το Monks. 

1 2-5 χ ιο•8 cm. Late fourth or fifth century. 

A leaf of a vellum codex containing apparently the beginning of a sec- 
tion of a homily to ascetics on the spiritual warfare as illustrated by the 
history of Israel. The vellum is stained and shrivelled in places, rendering 
the decipherment sometimes difificult, especially on the verso (the flesh-side ?), 
where the ink is fainter ; and we are indebted to suggestions of Dr. Bartlet 



24 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



for several readings. The script is a good-sized uncial of the early biblical type, 
not quite as old as 406 (Part iii, Plate i) or 849 (Part vi, Plate i), but pro- 
bably of the late fourth century rather than the fifth. Ο is written small and 
the middle of CO is slurred, as in 1597 (Plate i). Stops are freely employed, 
these being generally in the middle position, but double dots and a mark like an 
apostrophe are also used. A breathing is inserted in 1. 4. ^eoj, Ίϊ/σοΰ?, Ίσραηλ, 
KvpLOi, ττΐ'ζΰμα, and Χρίστο? are contracted. Some remarkable expressions occur 
in 11. 33-7. 



Recto. 
στρατιωται Χν• ακούσατε ττο 
σα /ciy e<c ^jeLpo^ άνομων ο 
θς eppvaaro τον Ιηλ- και μβ 

h 

νρι ου τα 7Γρο9 τον κν €τη 
5 ρονσαν ουκ απ€στη αττ αντώ : 
€Κ χ^ζΐρο9 γαρ Φαραώ €σω 
σ€ν αντον οντος άνομου• 
και /2γ βασιΚζω[^ α'\νοσίοτ€ 
ρου- και Αδαρ. μ^τ[α τ]ων άλλο 

ΙΟ φυλών- και €π€ί τα προ9 θν 
€τηρουσαν• eri eScoKev 
αυτοΐ9 e/c καρπού τη9 ίο'χν 
09 €παγγαλαμ€νο9 γην 
Χαναναιων• και uVera^e 

15 αυτοις του? αλλοφύλου?• 
και μξτ αυτά οσα ev τη e 
ρημω και τη ανυδρω ^και^ 
Trapeayev : ewt τούτοι? 
προφητα? (ξβπβμψ^ν- 

2θ κηρυσσίΐν τον κν ημω 



Verso. 
Χν Ιν oiTive? κατά ταξιν 
και κληρον (^και) μζρισμον λα 

κ 

βοντ€? Ένα Χρυ καλοπαθοϋ 
Τ€? υπο τον λαον ανηρβθη 

2 5 σαν• ανηρβθησαν' αποστα 
Te? πνο? ζωντο? κατά 
τα? \αν]^ομια? αυτών €σ 
φαλη[σαν] τη? κληρονομι 
α?, της αιωνίου• και νυν α 

30 δ€λφ[οι] μΐΐνατξ νικηται• 
μζΐν[α]τ€ €ω? αν υπομβινά 
Τ€? κ[υ]ρωμ€ν την προσβλβυ 
σιν την προ? κν• και σνμ 
φυτον και οπλον €υδο 

35 κια? λαβωμ€ν Χν Ιν• αυτό 
ϋπξρ ημών φυντα ζαυτο 
γηι ίΓ<αί1] ούτω? ω? €στιν• 
και παραλαβ€Τ€ τον λογον 
ΟΤΙ πνα δυναμ^ω? €π e 

40 σχ^ατω των καιρών .... 



' Soldiers of Christ, hear how often God delivered Israel from the hand of the lawless, 
and while they kept the things pertaining to the Lord He did not withdraw from them — for 
He saved Israel from the hand of Pharaoh the lawless, and from Og, a more unholy king, 
and from Arad with the men of other nations, and when they kept the things pertaining 
to God He still gave to them from the fruit of strength, having promised to them the 
land of Canaan, and He subjected to them the men of other nations — and again how 



1602. HOMILY TO MONKS 25 

He supplied them in the desert and waterless place, and in addition He sent forth prophets 
to herald our Lord Christ Jesus, men who receiving in order and lot and due portion 
the spirit of Christ and suffering ills from the people were put to death. They were 
destroyed because they departed from the living Spirit after their own lawlessness ; they lost 
the eternal inheritance. And now, brethren, remain conquerors. Remain until having 
endured we attain the approach unto the Lord, and receive as innate and a shield 
of well-pleasing Christ Jesus, Him who planted Himself for our sakes on earth so as He is ; 
and accept the Avord, because a spirit of power in the last time . . .' 

4. ίτηρονσαν : this form of the imperfect was introduced in the second century b. c ; cf. 
INIayser, Graimnatik d. grt'ech. Pap. aus d. Piolemaerzeii, p. 323. 

9. Αδαρ μ€τ\α τ'\ων αλλοφύλων : Άδάρ is a Jcwish month, not a proper name, and seems 
to be corrupt, probably for Άράδ the Canaanite (Numb. xxi. 1-3). 

1 2. καρπού της ϊσχνος : a phrase apparently meaning ' spoil '. 

17. και has dots above it; cf. 1. 37. 

23. The correction (if the supposed vestige of κ above the line is really ink) may be by 
the first hand. 

25. ανηρίθησαν : the subject reverts to αυτοις in 1. 15, i, e. the Jews. 

32—5. We have not been able to find a parallel for the expressions in these lines. 

36. φνντα is used transitively, as if it were φνσαντη. The traces suit φ very well. 
Cf. ΐφν for ίφνσε in two British Museum Greek inscriptions, nos. 1004 and 1074, discussed 
b}' J. A. R. INIunro in Class. Rev. 191 7. 142. 

3 7• yj' '■ the dots above και indicating deletion are clear, but the scribe does not seem 
to have also placed dots over -γψ. He (or the preacher) apparently meant ^v γηι. πνα 
cannot be read instead. For γη as equivalent to human nature Bartlet compares Barn. vi. 9 

άνθρωπος γαρ γη (στιν πάσχουσα. 

38. λογον: i.e. the preacher's discourse probably, rather than the Gospel. 

1603. Homily concerning Women. 

2 1 -I X 13-3 cm. Fifth or sixth century. 

The upper part of a column of a roll written in a large sloping uncial hand 
of the fifth or sixth century with light brown ink. The subject is a diatribe, 
addressed probably to ascetics, against the female sex, through whom the Evil 
One is wont to exert his wiles. Examples from the Bible are cited in 11. i-ii, 
a passage which seems to be modelled on Hebr. xi ; the rest consists of a more 
general condemnation. A contraction ay(ye)Aoi;s and stops in the high and (more 
commonly) middle position occur. 403 {Apocalypse of Baruch\ Part iii, Plate i ; 
fifth century) is a somewhat earlier specimen of this type of uncial, of which sixth- 
century specimens in smaller hands occur in P. Cairo Maspero '^7097 verso 
(i. Plates xxviii-ix) and 67377 verso (ii. Plates xix-xx). 

[. . . yvvoLLK Τ a του Ουρών 8e[ 

[ Ί . • 8ia γυναικο? το[ν σοφωτατον 

[Χ6\λ\ο\μωνα προ? παραβασιγ [παρη-γα-γ^ ? 



26 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

δία yvvaLKOS τον αι/δριωτ[ατον γαμψών 
5 ξνρησα9 ^τυφλωσί- Sia γ[νναίΚ09 tovs 

vLovs Ηλ(ΐ τον ΐ€ρ€ω9 ξδαφίισας ίκτανί ? 

δια yvvaiKOS τον ουρανον [ 

βδιωξξ• δια γνναικο9 το[ν 

Ιωσήφ €v φνλ(ακ)η δζσμ€νσα[9 

ΙΟ δια yvvaiKOS τον τΓαντοττ[ 

Ιωαννην ατΓ€Τ€μζν• τι δ[€ νμιν €ρω 

δια γυναικός tovs ayXovs [ κα 

τζβα뀕 δια yvvaiKOS παντα[γ 

τταντας φον^να• παντας ατ[ιμαζ€ΐ ? 
15 yvvη yap αναιδής ονδβνο? φβ[ιδ€ται? 

ον Λίνιτην τίμα- ονκ lepea ο[ν 

αν προφητην αιδίΐταΐ' π[αντων 

κακιστον yvvη ττονηρα [π]αντ[ων 

(αν δΐ και πλοντον €)(?/ τη 7Γθν[ηρια αντη? 
2 ο [av]v€pyovvTa• δισσον το κακο\ν 

[.]το^ω . [.] . αθΐρατΓ^ντογ [ 



' . . . the Avife of Uriah . . . ; by a woman he turned aside the most wise Solomon (?) to 
transgression ; by a woman he shaved and blinded the most brave Samson ; by a woman he 
dashed to the ground and (slew) the sons of Eli the priest ; by a woman he . . . and perse- 
cuted heaven ; by a woman he bound the most . . . Joseph in prison and . . . ; by a woman 
he cut off the head of the all , . . John. What shall I say to you ? By a woman he . . . 
cast forth the angels ; by a woman he . . . all, he slays all, he dishonours all. For 
a shameless woman spares none . . ., honours not a Levite, reverences not a priest, 
not a . . ., not a prophet. A wicked woman is the worst of all (ills ?), the . . . of all ; and 
if she also have wealth as her ally in wickedness, the evil is double . . .' 

7• There is hardly room for more than a participle at the end of the line. Gen. vi. 
I sqq. seems to be referred to; cf. 1. 12 and II Peter ii. 4. 

10. ιταντοπ\_ : or παντογ[. παντο•π[αθη by itself is too short, but another word may have 
fo owed. 

12. Possibly [απ ovpavov κα|τ€/3αλε : cf. 1. 7, n. 

14. ατ[ΐμαζ€ΐ is rather short and ατ[ιμονς ττοκι can be read ; cf. 1. 15, 

15. φεμδεται : Or φΐ^ώομενη .... 

1 6. o[v πρ^σβντΐρον and ο\υκ. αποστολον are rather long, but o[v βασιλιά is possible. 

17. Perhaps π[αντων κακών ΟΓ ζωών. 

2 1. ξ can be read in place of ζ. το ζωον αθ^ραπ^υτον is too short, but it is not quite 
certain that a letter is lost before το. 



1604. PINDAR, DITHYRAMBS 27 



11. NEW CLASSICAL FRAGMENTS 

1604. Pindar, Dithyrambs. 

Fr, I 18 X 25-3 cm. Late second century. 

. Plate I (Fr. i). 

To the valuable papyri of Pindar already obtained from Oxyrhynchus 
(cf. 1614. int.) have now to be added two fragments of a roll containing his 
dithyrambs, an important section of the poet's works hitherto represented only 
by the first 18 lines of an ode for the Athenians about Semele (Fr. 75 Schroeder) 
and a few short quotations. Two of these from the same dithyramb fortunately 
occur in the papyrus, thus establishing its authorship and character, while another 
Pindaric citation from an unspecified ode is also present. The larger fragment 
contains the middle portion of two columns, of which the first comes from a point 
near the conclusion of a dithyramb probably for the Argives, the second from the 
beginning of a dithyramb for the Thebans. The smaller fragment belongs 
to a third ode, possibly for the Corinthians, and may have preceded the other 
two instead of following them. According to the /3tos Ylivhapov prefixed to the | 
Codex Vratislaviensis there were two books of his dithyrambs, and the scholiast | 
on Ol.yAn. 25 states that in the ist (book) Pindar attributed the discovery of the, 
dithyramb to Thebes (Fr. 71). This claim is likely to have been made in an 1 
ode for the Thebans, which may well have been the second of the three poems 
in 1604. If so, all three odes probably belong to the ist book. Little can 
be made of the first and third dithyrambs owing to the loss of the beginnings of 
lines, but the first 30 lines of the second are nearly complete. In the recon- 
struction and interpretation of this difficult papyrus we are indebted for a number 
of valuable suggestions to Professors J. B. Bury and A. E. Housman, Sir John 
E. Sandys, Mr. H. Stuart Jones, and Mr. E. Lobel. 

The dithyramb according to the usual view, which has recently been disputed 
by Professor Ridgeway,i \vas originally a song to Dionysus, as the paean was a 
song to Apollo, but enlarged its scope in the time of Pindar's predecessors, Lasus 
and Simonides. The latter wrote dithyrambs entitled Eiiropa and Meuinon, and 
perhaps one on Dana'c, if the well-known fragment about her comes from j 
a dithyramb rather than from a Qpi]vo^. Pindar and Bacchylides belong to 
the middle dithyrambic period. Later dith}-rambic poets exercised greater 

* Class. Rev. Γ912. 134-9, Class. Quart. 1912. 241-2. 



28 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

freedom in their choice of subjects, and in Roman times ' dithyramb ' seems 
to have been appHed to any lyric poem which contained a narrative concerning 
the heroes ; cf. Plut. De Mus. lo and Jebb, Bacchyl. p. 39. Concerning the form 
and character of the dithyramb hardly anything was known before the discovery 
of the Bacchylides papyrus ; but in this the last seven odes (xiv-xx Blass ; 
xix and xx are mere fragments) are generally regarded as dithyrambs, though 
this classification of them is not altogether free from doubt, for, while xvi is 

' called a dithyramb by Servius (c. 400 A. D.) and in 1091, it is in fact a paean to 
Apollo, and xix might be a v^evaios. The titles of these odes are Άvτηι^opίbaL η 
'EAe'vTji ατταίτησ IS, \^11ρακλη5^, Ήίθ^οι η θησίύί, θησ^ύί, Ίώ (ΆβίΐΓαιοι?),'Ίδα? (Λακεδαι- 
μονίοις), and ι Κασσάί;δ/5α ?]. Dionysus is introduced only in xviii, the essential 
feature of these poems being the presentation of a myth. The metre is in 
only one case (xiv) dactylo-epitritic, which is generally employed in the epi- 
nician odes ; but the division into strophes, antistrophes, and epodes is found 
in four out of the five well-preserved dithyrambs, the fifth having only strophes. 

' The introduction of ' free verse ' (άτιολζλνμίνα), not in strophes, is ascribed some- 
times to Melanippides, a younger contemporary of Pindar (so Jebb, οβ. cit. p. 46, 
Weir Smyth, Greek Melic poets, liii), sometimes to Lasus, or to Pindar himself 
(Crusius in Pauly-Wissowa, Realenc. v. 1214) on the evidence of (i) Horace, 
Odes iv. 2. 10 sejL per audaces nova dithyrambos verba devolvit mimerisqiie fertiir 
lege sohitis, (2) Pseud o-Censorinus, c. 9 Pindari . . . qtn liberos etiaiii minuris 
modos edidit, (3) Fr. 75 about Semele, which is thought to be in ' free verse ', 

j (4) Pindar's reference in Fr. 79 to his predecessors' poetry as σγοινοτέν^α, which 

' has been supposed to imply division into triads as contrasted with his own verse. 
The new find, so far as it goes, does not contribute much to support Horace's 
description of Pindar's dithyrambs. Apart from cyoLvoriveia (Π. i) there are 
only two new words ^νάμ-ηνζ (I. 13) and ακναμτττ^ί (ΠΙ. 1 2). Dithyramb I 
was certainly arranged in triads, Π either in triads or, less probably, in strophes, 
while the remains of HI are not long enough to show the arrangement. Hence, 
in the absence of any definite evidence for supposing that Fr. 75 is in ' free verse ', 
that fragment can quite well be regarded as parallel to the first strophe of Π, 
which is of about the same length. Fr. 79 happens to occur in Π, and the 
recovery of the context of that passage so important for the history of the dithyramb 
shows that Pindar was not referring to the distinction between triads and airoXeKv- 
μ4ι•α. The metre of II, and probably of III also, is dactylo-epitritic, that of I 
logaoedic, like Fr. 75. There are some irregularities (cf. II. 4-6, 8-11, 12, 13-14» 
15 16, 19, 30, nn.), but hardly more prominent than those in the epinician odes. 
With regard to the subjects of the dithyrambs, the title of II was ' Heracles 
the bold or Cerberus', an episode also treated by Stesichorus (Fr. 11), another 



1604. PINDAR, DITHYRAMBS 29 

exploit of Heracles being treated by Bacchylides (cf. p. 28). I was appa- 
rently concerned with the deeds of an Argive hero, perhaps Perseus. The 
subject of III is uncertain, for the extant fragment comes from a part of the 
dithyramb in which Dionysus was apparently addressed. He is also promi- 
nent in Π, and is referred to in I, so that Pindar's dithyrambs were clearly 
more of the nature of Dionysiac odes than those of Bacchylides. There is no \ 
trace of any of the three odes having taken the form of a dialogue such as I 
Bacchyl. xvii. On the whole the impression created by the new find is that I 
Pindar as a dithyrambist was distinctly conservative, and the innovations 
introduced in the fifth century B.C. were not due to him. ' 

The papyrus was found in the mound which produced 1082-3, 1231, 1233-4 
&c., but it is doubtful whether it belonged to that collection of lyric and 
other texts. The handwriting is a medium-sized, rather square and sloping 
uncial resembling that of 223 (after A. D. 185; Part ii, Plate i) and the 
corrector who inserted two missing lines in 1234. a. ii (Part x, Plate iv). That 
the main text was written before, not after, 200 is made probable (i) by the 
title of Π, which is in a small cursive hand employing tj-shaped η and appa- 
rently different from that of the main text, (a) by the numerous scholia in 
another, still smaller cursive hand, referring to questions of reading or interpre- 
tation. These marginalia, which are practically contemporary with the main text, 
are very similar to those in 1234, and seem to belong to the second century 
rather than the third. The main text was originally corrupt in not a few 
passages, especially in HI, and has been subjected to considerable revision. 
One of the correctors, who is responsible for the readings above the line in 
Π. 37 and ΠΙ. 9 ov, is possibly identical with the original scribe or with the 
writer of the title, but more probably different. A second corrector, to whom 
we should assign all the other interlinear readings, is certainly distinct from 
the original scribe, the first corrector, and the writers of the title of II and 
the scholia. A few mistakes of spelling have escaped correction ; cf. II. 8- 
II, ai, nn. An elaborate coronis, similar to those in 1234, occurred at the 
beginning of II, but there is no paragraphus after II. 18, where it would be 
expected. Accents, breathings, and marks of elision or quantity are not 
infrequent, being mostly due to the first hand, but in some cases added by 
the second corrector. The stops (high points, except two in the middle 
position in I. 10 (?) and II. 14) seem to be all due to the first hand, like the 
occasional diaereses. 

I. Only the upper part of the column is of any value, but the slight 
traces of 11. 25-38 are sufficient to show that they correspond to 11. 11-24; 
cf. the reference to the antistrophe in 1. 20 schol. Lines i-io evidently belong 



30 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



to the penultimate epode, which may have begun several h"nes earlier. The 
concluding epode is lost. To judge by the length of lines in II, not more 
than ID letters (i.e. 4 syllables) would be expected to be lost before 11. 7-12, 
and 2 more letters before 11. 2-6 and 13-17. A shorter lacuna at the begin- 
ning (4 letters) would suit 1. 15, but in 1. 14 one or two words seem to be 
lost before aej^^re. That the poem was for the Argives is indicated by the 
references in 11. 6-7 to the building of a city (Tiryns or Mycenae ?) by Cy- 
clopes in Argive territory, and in 1. 9 to the house of Abas. The mention 
of the Gorgons in 1. 5 suggests that Perseus was the subject, and possible 
mentions of Danae and Acrisius or Proetus occur in 11. 1-3 ; but Phorcus himself 
(1. 5), apart from his being the father of the Gorgons and Graeae, is not known to 
be specially connected with the Perseus legends. The new strophe apparently 
introduces a change of subject. After a reference to the Dionysiac gathering 
and an address to the Muses, in 1. 15 begins a narrative of an adventure of 
some one who seems to be newlj'• mentioned. Phorcus and probably the 
Gorgons again occur, and Bury would refer this passage, not 11. i-io, to 
Perseus. The approach of the end of the ode and some parallelisms with 
Fr. 75 suggest that Dionysus himself might be meant. Possibly Frs. 254 and 
284 are to be connected with this poem; cf. 11. i and 17, nn. The metre is 
logaoedic. Some of the lines (e. g. strophe i and 3) might be regarded as 
ending in dochmiacs, but these belong to tragedy rather than to lyrics. 
Strophe Epode 

Some lines lost (?) 



— rj W— \^'_/WW !_/ 




1 w w w w [— 


1 V^ w — 




l-w--[ 






" w ? w w - ^ [ 


\-/ ■ v^V^V-/ WW»-' 




! — w w — 1 


1 w 
— w'w — w — \J — »-> — v-• — 


5 


! — wwww — w[ — 


v^v^ — V_/ WW — W 




i=^ - - w w - ? [ 


_ ^ — WW — 




' W WW — 1 


1 — 




1 — w— www — w- 


-\ — ^^hi 




1-w-^ 


iw?-w- 


10 


1w^ 



1604. PINDAR, DITHYRAMBS 



31 



II. This dithyramb for the Thebans was evidently well known in antiquity 
on account of its opening reference to the σχοινοτίν^ια aoth] and σαν κίβbηλov, 
which is quoted by several writers (Fr. 79*) and enables 11. 1-3 to be re- 
stored. Another passage a few lines later (Fr. 79^), quoted by Strabo alone, 
had been much corrupted in the MSS. of that author ; in a third fragment 
which occurs (Fr. ao8) there are also marked differences between Plutarch's 
citations and the text of the papyrus. Frs. 81 and 249 also have some points 
of connexion with II, but are probably from different poems ; cf. 1. i, marg., 
n. The ode begins with a contrast between the older and newer form of 
dithyramb in favour of the newer, which claims inspiration from the festival 
held in honour of Dionysus at Olympus itself (11. 1-8). There follows in 
11. 8-23 a picturesque and vivid description of the celestial festival, and a 
characteristically grandiloquent reference to the poet himself, which leads to 
the subject of Thebes and the ancestry of Dionysus, whose mother Semele 
was the daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia (11. 23-30). The poem breaks 
off shortly before the end of the antistrophe, where Dionysus himself was 
apparently being addressed. An epode probably followed ; cf. p. 28. The 
metre is dactylo-epitritic, like that of Fr. 74^, a corrupt quotation from 
Pindar found in Epiphanius, which has been assigned by Schroeder to the 
dithyrambs. The main subject of the poem, Cerberus, is not reached. 



Strophe. 



— VJ — ■=• — \^ ^J — \^v^ 

V_/ 

— \^ V_/ \^ \J — v^w 

^ \J w . w — i — 

— \^ \J — WW w — 

WW — WW — 

— w V^W — WWi — 

— \^W w — w 

— WW — WW WW — 



K^ 



10 — W WW— WW 

— w w 

w* 

— W W V_iW — 

W* \n> 

WW — WW— ■^— w w-=^ 

— \^ — 

Ig — w" — w — v-* — w — w — 



— w — 



WW — WW 



— W WW — V./W 



III. In this dithyramb about 10 letters seem to be missing at the beginnings 
of 11. 5-14, and about 5 more in 11. ^$-2^. There is no metrical correspondence 
in 11. 1-21, and whether 11. 22-6 correspond to some of 11. i-io or not is 
uncertain. Probably part of the fragment belongs to an epode, unless indeed 
this poem was in άηολ(λνμ4να. Dionysus is apparently addressed in 11. 6 sqq., 
being invited to join in the festival celebrated at a certain city. Bury would 



32 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

regard this as Corinth on the evidence of the ' neighbouring rock ' (1. lo) and 
some other indications ; cf. 11. I4-I5> i^, 22, nn. The metre is apparently 
dactylo-epitritic, with perhaps an admixture of other rhythms. The scheme 
of 11. 3-19 is 

]- ?v^-w^ 12 ]i:i--v^^^ 

Fr. I. Col. i. Plate i. 

'\νλζ•γοντων'[ 
]ιοραρακτα[ 
]λ€ΐβομίνοι/δ . [ 
5 ]νσ€πατ€ραγοργοΐ'[ 

]κΧ(ύΤΓΟύν7ΓΤθΧΐ<Τα . Γ .]αν . σηντοοι8ιοο"διοαντωι 



τ χ Γ 1γνοησ-α\^ίσδ€τ9ωσσολοικισμ^ 

\ν€ναργ€ΐμ€γαλωί . . •'! ' λ Ί•' 

•■ 1 ' • » L οντοσμίτογ^ίΐσ-οι 

]noi^vyej/T€a€paTaiSo/i.oy 
}ντάβαντοσ 

ΙΟ IXeei'• τ9ν?"ίέ«1''•?9νΤ9'"•'*^'*λωΐΓ€σδιονυσιακον 

]δαίμονωνβρομίαδίθοινάι.πρζπ€ΐ 
]κορνφαΐ' 

]θίμζν ΐναμπνκίσ 
]ξζτίτιμοισαίθαλοσαοίδάν 
15 '\•γαρ€υγομαί•\^'γοΐ'Τΐδφροτοί 

αι «ρκοσ 

^αφνγοντανινκ^μίΧανάλμασ 
^φορκοιο'συγγορονπατβρων κοράν 

]τΓθΐ'τ (μολον 

2 ο ] • ia.V€av »?■[•] •° ίανπ€ρισ•[ 

τ ΤΓ^ίξαντιστρ** 

ψωμ^νον ■■ ^ 

]lov 

1λ€γθ€ΐΤ6ΐημιαχογ 

] 

25 yP<^v 



1604. PINDAR, DITHYRAMBS 



33 



\^, — \j \\j\ — \j — 



\j 



[^^ vj] v^ — 



^J 



V^ Wl^ <^v^— f 

V^ \^ Γ — (^ v^ — 



15 



1 — ^^ — V<i — 

1 — v^ — v-i ■ 



[ 



10 Toi/y 



15 



I. \ΛΡΓΕΙΟΙ^.] 
] άτΓο Δανα\ 

jiOi^ ανακτά [ 
] λβιβόμβνον δ . [ 
]νσί πατ€ρα Γοργ6ν[ων 
Κν\κλώπωι/' πτόλι^ άρ[ά ο/? 
]ι/ ei/ "Apyit μβγάλω . . [ 
]ποι ζνγύντ€9 kpara δόμον 
]ντ "Αβαντο$, 
IXeet'. τούβ" «|evii|ovTO οΐ Κΰκλωπ€5. Διονυσιακόν, 

Ι ζν\δαιμόνων βρομιάδι θοίνα npirret 

2 ] κορυφαν 

3 ] θίμΐν €νάμπυκ€^ 

4 aej^er eVi, ΜοΓσαί, βαλοί άοιδάν 

5 ιγζ/ζί] γαρ ζν)(ομαι. λύγοντι δί βροτοί 

6 ]α φυγόντα vlv και μ^λαν 'ίρκος άλμα9 

7 κουράν ?] Φόρκοιο, σύγγονον ττατίρων, 

8 ]ί/ 

9 ]7Γ0ΐ/ τ ίμολον, 
ΙΟ ] . ιαν lav 



€7Γ. α 



.]αν . S ήν το οι δι' δ ου(τω5) διο( ) αύτφ, 
ά]γνοήο•αντ€5 δί το(ΰτο) ws (Τθλοικιο•μο(υ) 
ovTOS μ6ταγρ(άφουσιν) tls οί. 



στρ. /3 



κοραν 



25 



13 

Ι 



όιτ[.] . ο( ) ίάν ΐΓ€ρισ[σ(ω5) 
■ΤΓρ(οσαχθ*ν?) ίξ άντιστρο(φή5). 

'\p(ύμevov. 

— \JYiov 

1 λ€γό(μίνον) «ΊΓ* «πίμαχον. 



— \j — \j ^ \j \j ^epav 

D 



άντ. β 



34 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



30 



35 



Two lines lost 
] ...[ 

]ασίωσ 
* ] 

λαν οκ6νΐΓ»ρισσο τ 

] . ναιατο 
'\μανθανατον\ 

] 
]λαίσ 



Fr. Ι. Col. ϋ. Plate i. 



θβασ[ 
ηρακλησ 
ηκ€ρβ£ροσ' 
θηβαιοισ 



[ 

5ίαπ€7Γ[.]α[ ]FF^?L 

5 κ\οισιν€αί{ γΒότ^σ 

οίανβρομιου[. . . .]ταν 
καιπαρασκα[. .]ον8ίοσονρανί8άι 
€νμίγαροίσϊ[. .]ι/τί•σ€μναΐμ€νκαταρ\€ΐ 
ματ€ρί7Γαρμ[. .]ά\άίρομβοηνμπανων• 
ΙΟ €ΐ'δ€κ:€χλαδ[. .]κρ6ταλ' αιθομύνατ€ 
δαΐσνποξαν[. .]ίσίπ€νκαισ' 
βνδ^ναϊδωνβρίγδουποιστονα^αί• 
μανίαιταλαλ[.]\[λα^τ€ορίνζταινψανχ€ΐ/ι 
σνρκΧον(ύΐ• 
15 ίνδ'οτΓαγκραΙ. .]σ κ epavvoa α μτΓν€ων 

nvpK€KLyrj[ ]€γυαλιου 

ίγχοσ•αλκαζσσα[.]ίπαλλά8ο[.]αιγισ 



3° 



35 



4 

5 
6 

7 
8 

9 

ΙΟ 
II 
12 

13 
14 



1604. PINDAR, DITHYRAMBS 
Two lines lost 



35 






--] 



•.[ 



^ N-» w — \j — Ity 

] 



ice»' 



— €jaf ο Kcv Ίτερισσοβ. 

] . paioTo 
]μαν θάνατον [ 

] 
]λαίί 

] 



II. &PA^[rS] ΗΡΑΚΛΗΣ Η ΚΕΡΒΕΡΟΙ ΘΗΒΑΙΟΙ:^. 



Ι Π[ριν μ\ν epne ayoLvoriv^id τ aoiSa 

2 διθ[νράμβων 

3 καΐ το σα[ν κίβδαλον άνθρώποισιν άπο στομάτων, 

4 διαπ€π[τ]α[νταί δξ νυν Ιροΐγ ?] πνλα[ι κύ- 

5 5 κλοίσι veai- [. . . . €]ίδ6τ€9 

6 οΐαν Βρόμιου \τζ\^\ταν 

7 καΐ πάρα σκά\πτ\ον Δίο^ Ούρανίδαι 

8 ίν μζγάροί? ί[σ{τ)ά]ντι. σβμνα μ\ν καταργεί ίστάντι ' 

9 ματίρι παρ μ[ξγ]άλα ρόμβοι τυπάνων, 
ΙΟ ΙΟ kv δ\ κ^γΧαδ[ον'\ κρόταλ^ αίθομίνα re 

11 δas ϋπο ξαν[θα]ΐσί π^νκαι^, 

12 ev δβ Ναΐδων ίρίγδουποι στοναχ^αΐ 

13 μανίαι τ άλαλ[αί] τ όρίν^ται (βί)ψαν\€νί 

14 σνν κλόνω. 
ιζΐΐ,ίνδό παγκρα[τη]? Kepavvbs άμπνύων 

ι6 πΰρ κίκίνη[ταί το τ] Ένναλίον 

I'j €γχο?5 άλκά^σσά [rje ΙΙαλλάδο[5] alyh ο . . . [ 

D % 



στρ. 



Fr. 79 a 



Fr. 79 b 



Fr. ao8 



36 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



θ 
μνριωνφογγαζ€ταικλαγγαΐσδρακοντων' οφ[ 

ριμφαδ' €Ϊσινάρτ€μισοΙοπ6λο€σ «οΐόττολοσ 

20 ζ^νξαισ' ίνοργαισ 

βακγζίαισφυ\ον\ζοντωνα.[ 

οδ€Κηλζΐταιχορ€νονσαισικα[ 

ρωναγΐλαισ'ζμβδ' €ξαίρ€Τθ[ 

καρνκασοφωνβπ€ωρ 
25 μοΐ<τ'αν€στδίσ€λλάδικα[.]λ[ 

ζυγομΐνονβρίσαρματοισο\^ 

α 

ivθά'Π■o9apμovιav[^ίa,^J^€v^ycό^ 
καδμονυψ7][. . .]σπραπίδ€σ[ 

ναν•δ[. .]σδ'ακ[ ]μφάν• 

3θ καίΤ€κ^]ίνδοξο[. . . ,]ανθρωπο[ 

δωννσ[. :]θ .'[ :]τ[.]γ[ 

ματ^Ι 
π€ί . [ 

(' 

Fr. 2. 

]ί/αλ[ 

] 
]ίτομ(ΐ'στασισ• 

]ποδα 

Χ 
' 5 ]ίίατ€[ ]οί/κΐ'αί/ο[[<]]ιτϋΰΐ/ 

]TeavTe[. . .]ανμ€λίζοι 

]πΧοκονσ[. . . ,^ωνκισσινων o'lrxf 

]κροταφοΐ'[ ] 

αν 
«λ € I^ws]] ά 

]€ωι^φψ^ον'^φίλιδηπολ(^ω^ 
ΙΟ ]ίοντ€σκοπ€λονγ€ίτοραπρντανί . [ 

]αμα'καιστρατία'^ΐσ^ 
'\τ ακναμτττΐίκρζμασον 

1(ΓΤ6Υαρ/ΐασ τασ€πιδοροτιδα(Γ 



1604. PINDAR, DITHYRAMBS 37: 

18 μυρίων φθογγάζξται κλαγγαΐς δρακόντων. όφ[€ων 

Ι ρίμφα δ' ύσιν Άρτβμΐί οίοπόλο? ζ^ύ- oloiroXos άντ. α 

20 3 ^αίσ•' ^ν όργαΐ? 

3 BaK^iats φΰλον λιόντων ά[γροτ€ρων Βρομίω' 

4 ό δζ κηλίΐται γορ^υονσαισι κα\1 θη- 
Β ρών άγξλαις. e/ie 5* €^aip€To[v 

6 κάρυκα σοφών ζττίων 
25 7 Μοΐσ άνίστασ 'Ελλάδι κα[λ]λ[ίχ^όρω ? 

8 ί.υ)φμίνον βρισαρμάτοι? 6[λβον Τ€ ? Θηβαία, 

9 ίνθα ποθ' Άρμονίαν [φ]άμα γα[μβτάν 

ΙΟ Κάδμον ύ\|/•77[λαί]? πραπίδζσ[σι λα\ξΐν κ^δ- ? 
II νάν A[io]s δ' άκ[ονσ€ν 6]μφάν, 
3θ 12 καΐ τίκ ίϋδοξο[ν παρ'] άνθρώ7Γθ[ι? γ^ν^άν. 

13 ^ιόννσ[^/]Θ, [7.1 7. "Μ-Μ" ""'' 

14 ματ€[ρο9 ? 

15 ΤΓίί . [ 



III. [ΚΟΡΙΝΘΙΟΙ^?] 

]ναλ[ 

] 

]ιτο μ\ν στάσίί, 

] πόδα 

5 ] KaTt\^ Jof κυανογίτων 

] reaj/ τ€[λ€τ]άΐ' μ^λίζοί 

] πλόκον σ[τ€φα\νων κισσίνων άν(τΙ τοΰ) ιτλ[ίκτών? 

] κρόταφον 

]€ων ΐλθΐ φίλαν δη (?) ττολεα 
ΙΟ ]ίον re σκ07Γ€λοΐ' γείτονα πρύτανι . [ 

]αμα και στρατιά, 

] τ άκναμπτίΐ κρίμασον, 

ly Τ€ γάρμαί Tas ίπιδορατίδαβ. 



38 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

]7γ[. . . .]ντοσα^ρ^\ηνρνοίτοπο{ 
15 ]α)ί/π6λθΓ 

"^αρπόγοιχορων^ 

]θίθ0ΐ'[[λ]]λθί/α)[ 
]€7Γ€ταλοισί7^[ 

20 ] . 

] 

'\τιταμιασ\^ 
'\νστο\ . [ 

Μ 

Ι. Ι. Either Αανά[ας (referring to Perseus) or Δαι/α[οΟ {q.^. τρίτον^ άπο Α., referring to 
Acrisius or Proetus) or Δαι/α[ών or else ]a πό8α ι/ . [ can be read, the last letter being quite 
uncertain. Pindar Fr. 284 from Schol. A Homer S 319 αντη δε {Αανάη), &s φησιν Ώίν8αρος καΙ 

άλλοι Tives, (φθάρη νπο τοΰ ττατρηδίλφου αυτψ Ώροίτον, οβΐν αύτοΐε καΐ στάσΐ9 εκινηθη might refer 

to this dithyramb. 

3. Possibly Άκ:ρίσ]ιον. The first letter might be ν or π, but hardly τ, so that Ώρο1.]τον 
(of. 11. 6-7, n.) is unsatisfactory. Lobel suggests Avk]iov, referring either to Proetus or 
lobates, king of Lycia, who restored Proetus. 

4. The doubtful δ can be a or λ. For λίΐβόμ(νον cf Py. xii. 9 τ6ν (sc. θρψον) . . . Sie 

Χΐΐβόμίνον δνσπΐνθΐϊ συν καμάτω. 

5. The letter before σε can be e, i, σ, ν, or ω. For Phorcus (= Phorcys), the father of 
the Gorgons, cf. 1. 1 7 and p. 30. 

6. Bury suggests πρόγονόν re Κυκλώπων, Phorcus being grandfather of Polyphemus 
through his daughter Thoosa. 

6-7. The scholium is obscure, but seems to refer to the distinction between οϊ {= εαι/τω) 
and 01 {= αντω), and οί with or without an accent presumably occurred in the text. Whether 
the traces of a word following μιγαλωι belong to the text or a scholium is uncertain ; τ[ is 

possible. Bury proposes πτόλι? αρ[ά οί | Βεδμητο (or τίτυκτο) κ(Ί.νω\ν iv "Apyet μεγάλωί τ[ίχνα. 

The city in question was probably either Tiryns, which was built by the Cyclopes for 
Proetus, as described in Bacchyl. x. 59-81, or Midea or Mycenae, of Avhich Perseus was the 
legendary founder (Pans. ii. 15. 4), being assisted by the Cyclopes (Schol. Eur. Or. 965). 

8-9. If CvyivTfs is to be taken literally, νιτ\ποι and "ικο]ντ (Stuart Jones) are probable; 
but ipara suggests that the context may concern music, and Bury proposed φόρμιγγι δ' νμ]νοι 

(vyevres ίρατά 8όμον | αχ€ον άνα σκιό(]ντ "Αβαντος, Comparing Homer λ 334 «ηληθμω δ' 'ίσχοντο κατά 

μίγαρα σκιόΐντα. νμ^νοι is, hoAvever, Unsatisfactory, for if the doubtful letter was ν the middle 
stroke ought to have been visible, so that π {κόμ]ποι ? Bury) or »; or . ι is preferable. The 
' house of Abas ' means the palace at Argos ; cf. Py. viii. 55 "Αβαντος ΐυρνχόρονί ayvias. 

10. The stop after ]\eev is not quite certain, and δ can be read for λ. Bury proposes 
Tovs δ' ασμ ΐκή]\ΐ(ν, based on the scholium, in which τουβ is apparently quoted from the text 



1604. PINDAR. DITHYRAMBS 39 

]π[. . . .]i/Toy αύ•)(Ύ]ν βύοίτο ΤΓα[ 

15 jCuf 7Γ€λθί 

^αν πόνοι γορων Γ 
]ees τ' άοιδαί, 
]οιο φνλον ω[ 

]€ π€τάλοί9 ήρ[ινοΪ9 ? 
2θ ] . 

] 

]μιον Ιπ[π 

]τι ταμίας [ 
]}/ στολ . [ 
25 ]λθ€[ 

Μ 

and Διονυσιοκον refers to a different word. For fKrj]\eev cf. II. 22 and the Homeric verse 
cited in 11. 8-9, n. The objection to it is that Pindar elsewhere uses the contracted forms 
in imperfects. 

1 1- 1 3. A new strophe begins here. Bury proposes something like άλλ' άν8ρών εύ]8αιμόνων 

βρομιάδί θοίνα npenet | i'pyoiai λόγων^ κορυφαν | επιχωρΊοισϊ^ uepev. Cf. Neni. ix. 8 αλλ' ava pkv 
βρομίυν φόρμιγγ , άρα δ αύλόι» eV ανταν ορσομΐν Ιππίων αΐθλων κορνφάν. 

13-14• ^νάμπνζ is not found elsewhere, but έλικάμπνξ, κυανάμπνξ, λιπαράμπνξ, and χρνσάμττνξ 

occur in Pindar. For άΐ]ξ(τ (Bury, Stuart Jones) cf. Οι. vi. 105 (μων δ' υμρων α^ξ' evrepnis 
άνθος. Before it Bury proposes Uepaa vw, in order to explain viv in 1. 16. Βρομίω vw is also 
possible ; cf. 1. 17, n. 

15. νμμι] was suggested by Bury, who proposes an epithet of αοιδοί/, e.g. kXvtuu, 
before it. 

16. Regarding viv as Perseus, Bury proposes Λιβύα? TreStja (or γΰάλ]α) φυγόντα. κηρ]α 
(Stuart Jones) is also possible. If Dionysus, who according to Paus. ii. 22. i attacked 
Argos from the sea, were meant (cf. 1. 17, n.), 8((Γμ]α. (Lobel) would be suitable ; cf. Eur. 
Bacch. 610 sqq. It is not clear whether epAcoy was simply omitted by the first hand or was 
intended to take the place of αΚμας. The corresponding line of the antistrophe hardly 
projects as far as would be expected if it contained equivalents of both words ; but the 

collocation epKos aXpas OCCUrs in Py. ii. 80 «βάπηστόί άμι φϊΚΚος ws vnep e. a., where 

αλμας is usually Connected with άβάπηστος, not ίρκος, and epKos is thought to mean 
'net'. This parallel makes us disposed to retain both words, and to regard them as 
a periphrasis for the sea, like the scholiast on Fy. ii. 80, who explains epKos as ίπιφάναα, 
' surface '. 

17. κοραν points to a word like it in the text, either a synonym or κοραν differently 
spelled {κουράν}) or wrongly accented (cf. II. 19, n.). The Graeae or more probably the 
Gorgons (cf. 1. 5 and p. 30) must be meant, and the line may have begun with is followed by 
a word implying 'abode' (τάι/.?). Pindar Fr. 254 from Apollodorus ii. 38 ανται be ai ννμφαι 

πτηνά (ΐχον πίδιλα και την κίβισιν, ην φασιν eivai πήραν. TlivSapos 8e καΐ Ησίοδο: iv Άσπίδι eVi Toi 

Ufpaias κτλ. may have referred to this dithyramb, σύγγονον πάτερων is obscure. If the stops 
before and after these words are correct, they seem to be in apposition to viv, which is 



40 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

unsatisfactory. As Stuart Jones remarks, σΰyyovov would be expected to agree with a word 
like aperav in the next line, πατίρων is probably the plural of amplification ; cf. Fr. 75. 10 

Βρόμιον ov τ Εριβόαν re βροτοΊ κάΚίομεν, yovov υπάτων μέν πατίρων μίΚπ^μ^ν γυναικών re Κα8μίϊάν 

ίμολον (ν. 1. 2eμίKψ). The resemblances between this passage and 11. 1 5-19 {βροτοΊ . . . πατέρων 
. . . (μολον) suggest that viv might be Dionysus, not Perseus; cf. 1. 16, n. 

18. ]v is not visible on the facsimile. 

19. ]πον : or ] . lov. μ of (μολον is corrected from r. 

20. The marginal note refers to eav, which ' is rejected (?), being superfluously introduced 
from the antistrophe ', i. e. 1. 34, which ends f]av and also contained a superfluous word. The 
last letter of αιτ[.] . o( ) might be δ or λ, but άιτ[οβ]ά.λ(λ6ται) and άποδο(κιμάζεται) are not 
satisfactory readings. 

23. The ο of λ€γο(μ€νον) is not raised above the line, as would be expected if the word 
is an abbreviation ; but ]λετο is inadmissible. 

28. In the margin are traces of a scholium. 

34. €]άν : cf. 1. 20, n. TO K€v πίρισσον would be expected ; cf. 1. 6, schol. 

II. ' Heracles the bold or Cerberus. For the Thebans. 

Formerly both dithyrambic song issued from the lips of men long drawn out and the 
sigma under suspicion ; but now new gates have been opened for sacred choirs : they (sing .?), 
knowing what manner of festival of Bromius the celestials by the very sceptre of Zeus 
celebrate in their halls. Beside the majesty of the great mother of the gods begins the 
beating of drums ; thereΛvith swells the music of the castanets and the torch blazing below 
the yellow pine-brands; therewith resounding laments of the Naiads, wild dances and 
shouts are stirred in the fury of tossing the neck on high. Therewith moves the almighty 
thunderbolt breathing fire, and the sword of the god of War, and the \'aliant aegis of Pallas' 
rings with the hissing of countless serpents. Lightly comes Artemis the lone huntress, who 
has yoked in the Bacchic revels the race of most savage lions for Bromius, while he is 
enchanted also by the dancing throng of beasts. Me too, a chosen herald of wise words, 
the Muse raised up to pray for prosperity (?) for Hellas with its fair dances and chariot- 
pressing Thebes, where of old, as the story tells, Cadmus by high design won sage Har- 
monia as his bride, and she hearkened to the voice of Zeus and became the mother of 
offspring famed among men. Ο Dionysus, . . .' 

I marg. Θρασ[ύ5] Ήρακλή5 ή Κφβ€ρο5 : Heracles is called θρασυμάχανος in 01. vi. 67. For 
other examples of alternative titles of dithyrambs cf. p. 28. It is tempting to connect with 
this ode Pindar Fr, 249* (Schol. AB on Homer Φ 194) 'Β,ρακλης eh "Αιδου κατίλ^ώι/ eVl τον 

Κίρβίρον συνΐτνχΐ MeXeaypo) τω Οίι/βωτ, ου κα\ Βΐηθίντος γημαΐ• την άδίλφην Ατ/άνειραν, ΐπανίΚθων els φώϊ 

Ζσπΐυσΐν els Αΐτωλίαν προ5 Οίνία, καταΚαβων be μvηστeυόμevov την κάρην Άχ€λωον τον πλησίον ποταμόν, 

Ι 8ιeπάKaισev αντώ . . . δοκίΐ 8e των eV Trj Ελλάδι ποταμών μ4γιιττο5 eivai ό Άρ^βλώοί• δίό καΐ πάν 

ί/δωρ τη τούτου προσηγορία καλίΓται. η Ιστορία πάρα ΤΙίνΒάρω. But Fr. 249^^ (221. ix. 14)} which 

' seems to belong to the passage in question about the Achelotis, is in a diff"erent metre, 

πρόσθα μύν σ' ^ΑγίΚωίου τον άοώότατον €νρωπία κράνα ΜίλΓανόΙϊ re πόταμου ροαΐ τρεφον κάΧαμον. 

Α fragment concerning Heracles from a dithyramb (Fr. 81) is quoted by Aristides ii. 70 

oTi Koi ίτέρωθι μ(μνημ4νο5 πep\ αυτών iv 8ιθυράμβω τινί' σε δ' €γώ παράμιν [παρ' αμμιν Bocckh, 
παρά νιν Bergk*), φησίν, αΐνέω μεν, Γηρυόνη, το δε μη Δΐί (Δι Hermann) φίλτ(ρον σιγωμι πάμπαν. 

The metre of this from aiVew . . . πάμπαν corresponds to II. 1-3 κιβ\, and the words preceding 
αΐνεω might Correspond metrically to the end of an epode ; but the capture of the oxen of 
Geryones is a diff'erent exploit, and Fr. 81 is likely to belong to another dithyramb. Fr. 169 
(Plato, Gorg. 484 b, Aristides, ii. 68, Schol. Pind. Nem. ix. 35 νόμο5 ό πάντων βασιλευ5 κτλ.), 
which mentions Geryones and is in dactylo-epitritic metre, but does not correspond to the 
extant part of II, and Fr. 168 (Athenaeus, x. 41 1 b, Philostratus, 7mm. ii. 24 8(o)ia βοών θερμά 
κτλ.), which refers to the devouring of an ox by Heracles at the house of Coronas, an 



1604. PINDAR, DITHYRAMBS 41 

episode connected wiih the capture of the Cretan bull (Apollod. ii. 5. 7), and is not in 
dactylo-epitritic metre, certainly have no connexion with our dithyramb. 

I— q/=: Fr. 79*)• Cf. Strabo x. 469 μάρτνρη δ' οί ττοίηταί των τοιούτων νπυνοιών (sc. Con- 
cerning the Curetes and Corybantes)• δ re yap Ώίνδαρα iv τω δίθνράμβω ου η άρχη πρ\ν μΐν 
flpne σχοινοτηνίας (^σχοινοτίνίΐά edd.) τ άοώά (ν. 1. αοίδαι) διθυράμβων {-βω mOSt MSS.), μνησθάς 
he (be om. mOSt edd.) των wep\ τον Αιόννσον νμνων των Te παλαιών κα\ των νστ(ρον, μΐτάβας απο 
τούτων φησί' σοι μίΐ/ κατάρχίΐ (^KaTUpxeiv edd.) μάτ€ρ τταρα peyaXai (v. 1. μεγάλοι : μΐγάλα πάρα edd.) 
ροίμβοι (^ρόμβοι edd.) κνμβάλων, iv 8e κβχλάδων (κίχλάδαν edd.) κρότάΚ' αιθομένα Te δας (δ(ΐί? SOme 
edd.) υπό ξανθαΐσι πενκαις (= 11. 8-1 1), την κοινων'ιαν των περ\ τον Διόι/υσοι» άπο^€ΐχθίντων νομίμων 
πάρα τοκ "Ελλι^σι κα\ των πάρα tois Φρνξϊ περ\ την μητίρα των θΐών avvoiKeiwv άλληλοΐί, Athen. 
χ, 455 b Τΐίνδαρος be προ: την άσιyμoπoιηθe'Lσav ωδην, ως 6 αυτός φησι K\eapχoς, olove\ γρίφου τίνος 
€v μεΧοπούα προβληθ^ντος, ως πολλών τούτω προσκρουόντων δια το δυνατόν (^αδύνατον edd.) elvai άπυ- 
σχέσθαι του σίγμα και δια το μη δoκιμάζeιv, ^ποίησε (corrupt ?)' πρ\ν pev εϊρπε σχοινοτενία (1. -Teveia) 
τ άοιδα και το σαν τίβοηλον (κίβδηλον edd.) άνθρώποις, Χ. 44^0 καθάπίρ οί ασιγμοι καλούμ(νοι τών 
γρίφων' ouev κα\ Πίνδαρος προς το σ ίποίησεν ωδην (corrupt ?), xi. 467 ^ '^ο ^e σαν άντι τοΰ σίγμα [ 
Αωρικώς είρηκασιν. οί γαρ μουσικοί, καθάπερ πολλάκις Άpιστόξevός φησι, το σίγμα λίγειν παρ^τοΰντο \ 
δια το σκληρόστομον elvai κα\ άν(πιτήδειον αύλω' . . . και Πίνδαρος be φησι' πρ\ν pev ηρπ€ axoivoTeveia 
τ άοιδά και το σαν κίβδηλον απο στομάτων, DionysiuS, De comp. verb. 1 4 eiVt δ' οί και ασίγμους 
ολας ώδας ίποίουν' δηλοΊ δε τοντο και Πίνδαρος ev οίς φησι' πρ\ν pev ηρπΐ σχοινοτενή φωνψντα {οχ 
other corruptions) διθυράμβων και το σαν κίβδηλον (ν. 1. κΐβδαλον) άνθρώποις (ν. 1. -ποι). From 

these varying forms of 1. 3 Hermann restored καΐ τό σαν κίβδαλον άνθρώποισιν άπο στομάτων. 
The termination of the Kne is wanting in both 11. 3 and 18, but there is no reason to doubt 
Hermann's restoration; cf. for the metre 1. 7. 

1. σχοινοτενεια: this is formed on the analogy of ήδυεπεια, μουσογένεια, &c., and means 
' stretched out like a rope ', ' prolix ' ; cf. Philostr. Heroic, i. ^i μη άποτείνίΐν {τα άσματα) μηδέ 
σχοινοτενή ίργάζεσθαι. It does not refer to division into triads, for II itself is divided into 
triads or strophes; cf. p. 28 and 1. 3, n. 

2. The division αοι|δά διθυράμβων would be expected from the arrangement of U. 19-20, ' 
but δα (or δη) δ[ does not suit the traces of 1. 2, and the real dividing-point of the feet is 
probably after άοιδά here and ζευ- in 1. 20. 

3. και TO σα[ν κίβδαλον : the meaning of this is a long-standing difficulty. Athenaeus and \ 
Dionysius (cf. 11. 1-3, n.) supposed that it referred to the ωδαΐ ασιγμοι, i.e. of Pindar's pre- 
decessor, Lasus, Athenaeus x. 455 c proceeding to quote a line without σ from Lasus' hymn { 
to Demeter. The epitomator of Athenaeus, followed by Eustathius, p. 1335. 52, misunder- 
standing this, attributed the composition of odes without σ to Pindar himself. I Boeckh arid 
Dissen translate κίβδηλον ' pravum ', supposing that it refers to the mispronuncfktion of σ in 
the Dorian dialect (so also Donaldson and Weir Smyth), and that Pindar meant to contrast 
the old-fashioned odes in which σ w^as used with the new kind without σ invented by Lasus, 
Pindar himself reverting to the old-fashioned type. | Sandys (translation of Pindar in the 
Loeb series), connecting κίβδηλον (sc. ^i') with άνθρώποισιν άπο στομάτων, translates ' when j 
the sibilant san was discarded from the lips of men', i.e. was rejected as spurious, j 
The mutilated condition of II. 4-5 leaves the context obscure in some points, espe^ 
cially as to the precise nature of the transition to the account of the Dionysiac festival in 
Olympus (cf. 11. 4-6, n.); but it is tolerably certain that the new kind of dithyramb which \ 
is contrasted with the old is not the dithyramb of Lasus, but of Pindar himself, as is also I 
shown by the definite reference to himself in 1. 23. Hence Boeckh's view of Pindar's \ 
relation to the two kinds of dithyramb is just the opposite of what the context demands. 
Sandys's translation gives the right kind of sense, but άνθρώποισιν άπο στομάτων is much more ) 
likely to be dependent on ερπε than on κίβδαλον, and the position of r' indicates that ερπε, not 
ην, is to be supplied with κίβδαλον. We are disposed, therefore, to regard τό σαν κίβδαλον as , 



42 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

a reference to Lasus' ώδαι Άσιγμοι, σάν being used as the equivalent of σίγμα, and κίβΒαΚον 
comparing it to base coin which when produced is rejected, and implying a contrast with 
Pindar's own use of σ, which Avas unrestricted. 

4-6. δι.απ('ιτ[τ]α[νται Se and πνλαι were Suggested by Sandys, νϋν by Lobel, ίίύ]|κλοίσι by 
Bury. The slight vestiges towards the end of the line suit πνλα[ί rather well, especially 
the π and λ (for which a is the only alternative) ; but the preceding lacuna is rather short 
for the proposed supplement. The metre of 1. 4 is fixed by 1. 22. For opening the 

'gates' of song cf. 01. vi. 27 πΰλας νμνων άναπίτναμ€ν, Nem. ix, 2 άναταπταμίναι ^dviuv νενίκανται 
θνραι, Bacchyl. Fr. 5• 2 ov8e yap ραστον άρρητων (πίων πυλαί t^evpe'iv. κν]κλοισι refers tO the 

κύκλιοι χοροί of the dithyramb. To find an anapaest short enough for the lacuna before 
6]ίδότ€ί in 1. 5 is difficult. If πυλα[ι is right, e]l8ores must belong to a new sentence and may 
refer to χοροί (e.g. something like σοφοί οΊ f]l8.); but Bury would connect it with the 

preceding line, suggesting 8ιαπ€•π[ρ]ά[χασι δ' \j κν\κ\οισι νίαν [σοφοί (υ eji'OoVes | οίαν 

Βρομιάς \18^αν κτλ., and comparing JVem. ix. 3 άλλ' fπeωp γλνκυν νμνον πράσσΐτί and Eur. 
Bacch. \'1Λ.τα δ' opyi εστί τίν Ideav ίχοντά σοι ; veav for veai, Βρομιάς for Βρόμιου, and ιδ]6αί' for 

Te\e]rav are possible readings ; but τ(λΐ]τάν (Sandys) suits ίστάντι particularly well, and the 
metaphor of the gates is attractive. For Βρομίου [τΐλί]ταν cf Py. ix. 97 νικάσαντά σε καΐ 
TeXeraif ωρίαις ev Παλλάδος €i8ov. Βρομιωι is inadmissible. The metre of 1. 5 is somewhat 
abnormal. After a choriambus is an anapaest and a cretic, or else an ionic a minore and 
iambus. For anapaests in dactylo-epitritics cf. e.g. Py. i. 2, 6, iii. 4 ; for 'iambic catalexis' 
cf. Οι. vi. 5, Nem. viii. 14. 

7. The last syllable of OvpaviSai was marked long by the first hand, short by the 
corrector, who wished to indicate (rightly) that the word was nom. plur., not dat. sing. ; cf. 
L 8 eparai. The syllable is long as a matter of fact, but there was no point in marking it 
long at the end of a line, unless indeed the first hand wished to connect it with iv in 1. 8 
and scanned -ράνΐδαι ev together in spite of the hiatus. But, as Housman remarks, the 
metre of 1. 8 corresponds to e.g. Py. iv. 2 g6 8ai8a\f'av φόρμιγγα βαστάζων πολίταις, and in each 
case the phrase — ^ \.j —^ y^ — comes both before and after, so that at is to be regarded as 
merely a slip. 

8. The last syllable of the line seems to stand by itself (cf. the preceding n.), as 
frequently in Bacchylides' dactylo-epitritics. In Pindar's there seem to be instances of 
hypercatalexis in Frs. 29-30 (from an ύμνος). 

1[σ(τ)ά]ι/τι : there is not room for στα in the lacuna and the marginal ίστάντι indicates 
that the main text was in some respect different. If there had been a wrong accent over ϊ[ it 
ought to have been visible, and there is no doubt that the first hand read ίσάντι, a Doric form 
not found in Pindar but quite suitable in itself ϊσάντι would make sense (cf e]iSores in 1. 5), 
but Ιστάντι is preferable. 

8-1 1, aepva . . . π^ύκαις : this passage (Fr. 79^; cf. 11. 1-3, n.) is quoted by Strabo 

with several corruptions or variations, σοι for σ€μνα, ματΐρ παρά for ματ€ρ\ πάρ, ροίμβοι κυμβάλων 

for ρόμβοι τύμπανων, and κ(χ\ά8ων for κίχλα8[ον] (or -^[ei']). Misled by σοι, modem editors were 
unable to restore the passage on the right lines. The confirmation of the schema Pindaricum 
κατάρχΐΐ . . . ρόμβοι against emendations is interesting. Another instance occurs in 1. 13 μανίαι τ 
ά\α>.[αι] τ ορίνίται, which had been obscured in the quotations of this by Plutarch. Two more 
occur in 11. 18-19 of the fragmentary dithyramb for the Athenians (Fr. 75) ; in the epinician 
odes this construction is rare, κυμβάλων may have stood in Strabo's text of II, but τυπάι/ωΐ' is 
likely to be right ; cf. Catullus, A/ys 9 typajiiim, iuham, Cybelle, iua, maier, inilia, which may 
even have been an imitation of this passage. Bergk referred to this dithyramb Fr. 80, a quotation 
from Pindar in a Herculaneum fragment of Philodemus, De pietate, which is restored Κύβε [λα] 
μα.τ\ΐρ β^ωνΧ The metre may well be dactylo-epitritic, but there is no place for Fr. 80 in the 
context of the reference to Cybele in 11. 8-9. Owing to the lacuna at the end of 1. 27 the 



1604. PINDAR, DITHYRAMBS 43 

correction of τνμττανων to τνπανων is not absolutely certain, for ya[p{)(i (Bury) can there be 
supplied instead of -γά[μ€τάν (Housman); but, as Housman observes, 1. 9 seems to be 

unrhythmical as it stands, since w ^ in this metre is not elsewhere followed by w - 

unless there is a break between them, as at 01. vi. 4-5 and Bacchyl. viii. 9-10, and scribes 
have often written τΰμ-ηανον where authors did not ; e.g. Hom. Hymn. xiv. 3, Eur. Hel. 1347, 
Aesch. Fr. 57. 10, Apoll. Rhod. i. 1139, Anth. Pal. vi. 165. 5, and in the Catullus passage 
cited above the MSS. give iympanum against the metre. With τνπάνωρ 1. g will have the 

rhythm of 01. vi. 2 Kiopas ώς ort θαητον μί•γαρον. The point of ξαν^θα^ισι aS applied to nevKais 

is not clear: Dissen explains it by the colour of the fire. With 11. 10-12 cf. Soph. An/ig. 

1 1 26— 9 ae δ' vnep διλόφου ntrpas arepoyf/ οπωπί Xtyviis, 'ένθα Κωρύκιαι στίίχουσι Ννμφαι 
Βακχίδΐί. 

12. eV Se Ναίδων: — ^ — ^ corresponds to — ^ (apparently) in 1. 30; cf. 1. 19, η., 

and e.g. 0/. iii, epode i, 4, 5. 

13-14. These lines are thrice quoted by Plutarch, (i) Quaesi. conv. i. 5. 2, (2) vii. 5. 4, 
(3) De def. orac. 14, copied by Euseb. Praep. evang. v. 4, p. 185, and Theodoret, Graec. 
off. cur., ed. Gaisford, p. 374. In (2) μανίαις τ άλάΚάΪ! τ ορινόμ^νοι occurs, the quotation 
being accommodated to Plutarch's sentence ; (i) and (3) have όρινομίνων for ορίνΐται ; (i) has 
ipiavxfvi, (2) and (3) ριψαύχ€νί for υψαύχΐνι. Both ορινομίνων (which would Correspond to 
Ναίδωι/ in 1. 1 2) and ριψανχ^νι seem to be ancient variants (Theodoret, op. ci'L, p. 375 coins 
a verb ρι^^αυχ^νΐΐν from the quotation), and ριψαύχ^νι, which occurs nowhere else, is, as | 
Housman remarks, more appropriate than υψαΰχίνι to both κλάνω and Ναΐδων : cf. I 
CatuU. A/)'s 23 ηδι capita Maenades vi iaciunt hederigerae, Cic. // Verr. iii. 49 cerviculam 
iactaiuruvi, Eur. Bacch. 864 hipav els αίθίρα δροσΐρον ρίπτουσα. The metre, as he observes, 
does not help much in deciding between ριψαύχ^ρι and νψαύχΐρι, for though with ριψαύχενι 

the scheme ofl. 13 y^y.j — ^y^—^ — κ^ kj ^ corresponds to the last verse of the 

epodes in Fy. iii, e.g. 1. 23, — ^ v./ — can generally take the place of — v-» , and is pre- 
ceded by ^^ w and followed by — w— in e.g. Nem. xi. 14. βιψ-^οτ ν\Ι/-)ανχ(νι is appa- 
rently the end of a member of the rhythm with syllaba anceps, and a member of the rhythm 
also comes to an end after σνν κλάνω, as the hiatus there proves, so that these two words have 
to constitute a whole member ; cf. |ίλάσίίο/χαι| in 01. vii. 9 and |atcui/or| in Fy. v. 7. The 
alternative is to write ξνν κλάνω, but there seem to be only two examples of ξνν in Pindar's 
MSS., and not one is established by metre, though cf, 1614. 9. 

αλαλ[αί] : the first hand seems to have written αλαλ[α]λα originally. The final λα was 
then crossed out and ι no doubt added above [a], but Avhether the scribe himself or a 
corrector made the alteration is uncertain. Several of the MSS. of Plutarch have αλλαι for 
άλαλαί, but the third letter here is more like α than λ, and the loop of it, though narrow, does 
not seem to be a correction. 

Ιζ~ΐ6. Kepavvos άμπνίων πνρ : cf. Fr. 1 46 πΰρ wveovTos a re (Pallas) κβραννοΰ αγχιστα δ(ξιαν 

κατά xeipa ττατροί [ημίνη). In 1. 1 5 — ν-- — «-- occurs twice, very likely as equivalent to — ^-' 

in the antistrophe (lost); cf. 11. 12 and 19, nn, ^ 

17. άλκά(σσα : in 01. ix. 72 and Py. v. 71 άλκάίντας is found, but the metre here requires 
ae to be separate syllables. The scholium perhaps indicates a variant, but may be no more 
than α1γί[5 accented; cf. 1. 19, n. 

18. This verse is a Έτησιχάρ€ΐον. δφ[€&;ν is a gloss on δρακόντων. 

19. ρίμφα δ' eiaiv : — \^ — \j here corresponds to — v^ in 1. i ; cf. 11. 12, 15-16, nn. 

οίοττόλοΓ : this word, which seems to have been wrongly spelled but rightly accented by 

the first hand, was wrongly accented by the corrector; cf. 1. 17 and I. 17, nn. οίοπάλος 
δαίμων (unnamed) occurs in Py. iv. 28. 

20. The syllable ζευ- really belongs to 1. 19; cf. 1. 2, n. 

21. The misspelling βακχηαΐ! is not corrected. ά[γροτφων was suggested by Sandys and 



44 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

Bury; cf. A'em. iii. 46 \(όντ(σσιν ayporepoii. Βρομίω (Bury) IS required to explain ό Se in 1. 22. 
The metre is practically certain ; cf. 11. 1-3, n. 

22-3. κα[ι θη\ρων•. SO Housman and Bury. The α of κα[ί is nearly certain, the only 
alternative being o. The sentence is suggested by the mention of lions in the line above. 
Bacchus is flattered not only by the attentions of his fellow-gods, but also by the worship of 
brute creatures. dyeXat λ(όντων occurs in Find. Fr. 239. 

25—6. Cf. Fr. 151 Μοϊσ άνΐηκί μ€, κα[λ]λ[ί;^ορω and ο[λ/3οι/ re were suggested by Bury; ' 
Sandys proposes κα\1 y]6[i'eaf with o[iacoi' re, but the traces of a letter after κα[.] suggest a, δ, λ, 

or V. For the late position of re cf. IVem. ix. 34 παρά πίζοβόαις Χπποκ τΐ. That θηβαι: 

occurred at the end of 1. 26 is clear from what follows (cf. Fr. 195 fvappare Θήβα), but 
a restoration in which (νχόμ€νον meant ' boasting myself rather than ' praying for' would be 
more appropriate. α[γαλμα is, however, inadmissible in 1. 26, the ο before the lacuna being 
almost certain. For the metre of that Hne cf. 1. 7, n. 

27. The first hand wrote ποτ αρμονιαν. φ]άμα γα[μ€Γάν IS due to Housman, who 
corrects τύμπανων in 1. 9 to τυπάνων : Bury, retaining τύμπανων there, proposed φ]άμα ya[pvet : 
cf. 11. 8-1 1, n. The first hand wrote φ]αμ(ν γα[ : the first corrector then added α above the line, 
deleting e and perhaps ν also ; cf. III. 9, n. As Housman remarks, a verb does not seem 
necessary with φάμα (sc. ΐοτι) : cf. Aesch. Septem 217-18 άλλ* olv Seovs tovs της άλοΰσης πόλίοί 
€κ\€ίπίΐν λόγος, and φάτις in Pindar himself (according to the usually accepted emendation of 
Bothe) in Is. viii. 40 Αίακίδα, όν τ ίνσββίστατον φάτις Ίαολκοΰ τράφ€ΐν πώίον, and ubi Jama in 
Stat. Theb. i. 699. 

28. {jylr^aTai\i could be read in place of ν•^η[\αΧ\ς. There is little doubt about the 
s, τ being the only alternative, λαχύν κεδ-] (or ay-])|mv is due to Bury. Nonnus, Dionys. 
iv. 28 sqq., represents Harmonia as at first reluctant to marry Cadmus. Housman prefers 

ayeiv σίμωναν, comparing Nem. v. 47 σ^μνάν θίτιν Πηλία ff, AeSch. Prom. 560 αγαγς 

'\Λ.σιήναν . . . δάμαρτα, and, for the present infinitive with ποτΐ in a past sense, Py. vi. 21-4 

τάν ποτ . . . φαντί . . . παραινΰν. σεμνός has hosvever occurred in 1. 8. For πραπίΒες in 

connexion with a suitor he compares Is. viii. 30 αλλ' οϋ σφιν αμβροτοι τίλισαν eivav θέων 
πραπίδες. 

30. ίνδοξο[ν : if ξ is right, the parts of it were joined instead of being written, as else- 
where in 1604, as a dot between two strokes. The second ο is also doubtful, a being quite 
as suitable. But the position of the accent over ev strongly favours (ν8οξο[ν, for €υδοκι,[μον and 
-κη[τον are inadmissible, and though a crossed out τ might be read in place of ξ, (νδοτ([ιραν is 
not a known word and (νδϋ^τ']ΐκ[ιμον is unsatisfactory apart from the wrong accent. At the 

* beginning of the line — v./ corresponds to — <-- — ^ in 1. 12 ; cf. 1. 19, n, παρ'] άνθρώπο[ις 

yevfav is due to Bury. 2epe\ap may be substituted for yeveav, she being in any case the 
person chiefly meant, as is shown by the reference to her in 1. 32. 

31. Αιοννσ[ must be vocative, for any other case would fill up the lacuna, leaving no 
room for the letter preceding Θ, which apparently had an acute accent and was therefore 
a vowel. Probably £^iovva[e was written and the e not elided; cf. re ορίνεται in 1. 13, If the 
two letters in the lacuna formed a diphthong, the accent ought to have been more to the left. 

32. ματί[ρος : i.e. Semele ; cf. 1. 30, n. ο could be read in place of e. 
III. I. The doubtful λ can be v. 

3. στάσις elsewhere in Pindar means ' sedition', but here may, as Bury remarks, refer 
to the chorus either in the sense of κατάστασις {χάρων) or of a division ; cf. 1. 5, n. 

5. Bury proposes κατ([ναντί]ον. 

6. Tedv must refer to Dionysus, Ίΐ τ([λ(τ]άν is right; cf. int. p. 29. 

7—8. Bury suggests βαλων δε] πλόκον σ[Γίφά]ΐ'ωι^ κισσίνων | άμφι τ(ον κρόταφον, making 

μίλίζοι the end of a clause and connecting 11. 7-8 Λvith eXue in 1. 9. A stop may, however, 
have been lost after κρόταφον. The scholium probably refers to the unusual expression 



1604 PINDAR, DITHYRAMBS 45 

τίΚόκορ στ(φάνων. For πλ[ί«τώί', SC. στιφάνων, cf. Eur. Hippol. 73 liKiKTov στίφανον, ορ[μου (cf. 

Nevi. iv. 17) does not suit the vestiges. 

9. Apparently φίλίδ»; was altered first to ή>ιΚ(ύς 8η and then, the correction being crossed 
out, to φιλαν δη. The t after φιλ is not crossed out ; but the ov above the line begins close 
to the λ and φιλαρ 8η (which makes the line end with two choriambi) is metrically preferable to 
φιΚιαν 8η ΟΓ simply φιΚιαν. Moreover it is not certain that the ο of φθον was crossed out like 
the φ and ν Avhen eX^e was substituted, and in II. 27 there is a similar doubt concerning the 
deletion of a superfluous letter. 

TToXfa is corrected from πολίω. The mark of quantity is not quite certain, but α alone 
does not account for all the ink. πόλιν is clearly meant, but no form πολία is known, though, 
since πόληα occurs in Hesiod, it does not seem impossible. 

10. Bury proposes ne^wpliov . . . ττρντανιν, and would see in this line a reference to the 
Acrocorinthus ; but πρυτανι . [ may be vocative, as in Fy, ii. 58. 

11. \μα: the first letter might be λ and the second v; the third is more like a with a 
high stop after it than [.]s. Bury suggests something like enoiro δ'] αμα, but the stop is an 

objection to αμα. 

12. άκναμπτ('ί, 'inflexibly', is a new adverb, άκαμπτος occurs in />r. iii. 71 and ακναμπτος 
in the MSS. oi Py. iv. 72 {άκαμπτος Hermann). 

13. Tas «ΊΓίδορατίδας is a gloss ou χάρμας, which was uscd in the sense of 'spear-shafts' 
also by Stesichorus and Ibycus according to Schol. Find. O/. ix. 128. 

14—15. Bury suggests &\ins 8' a]v\_eipa'^moi ανχην ρύοιτο πα[νάγνριν | epKOi τ ίγχωρί^ων πίλοι, 

' Let the impassable sea-neck protect the festal gathering and be the bulwark of the people,' 

comparing Οι. viii. 48 eV Ίσθμω πόντια and Eur. Afed. 212 πόντου κλ^δ' άπίραντον. αυχην\νθ\ύά 

on this view mean the Isthmus of Corinth. The general sense of 11. 12-15 is, he thinks, 'Put 
aside arms and preparations for war, and trust for defence to the Isthmus.' ανχψ elsewhere 
in Pindar means the human neck, but that does not combine easily with pvono. 

17. Perhaps πολυγα6]ίίί. aoi8ai can, however, be dative. 

18. Bury suggests Σισύφ]ηιο or rXav(c]oio φνλον, referring to the Corinthians. 

19. For π€τάλοι? ηρ\ινοΐί (Bury) cf. Py. ix. 46 οσσα T€ χθων ηρινα φύλλ' άναπψπ(ΐ. The 

first letter of the line might be p. 

22. Bury suggests στο]μιον ΐπ[π€ΐον (οΓ ΐ7Γ[που), referring either to the legend of 
Bellerophon and the bridle {φίλτρην ιππ€ΐον) of Pegasus, a story told by Pindar in an ode 
written for the Corinthian Xenophon {01. xiii), or perhaps to a particular kind of mouthpiece, 
i. e. one of the IWeta evTta said to have been invented by the Corinthians {OL xiii. 20). 

1605. MenaNDER, ΜΙΣ0ΤΜΕΝ02. 

15 X 5-2 cm. Third century. 

This exiguous fragment of a comedy, though' containing only the beginnings 
of 27 h'nes from the top of a column and a few letters from the ends of lines of 
the preceding column, has some interest, since it can with much probability 
be identified. The name of a speaker, Γ({ταί), is inserted in the margin 
against 11. 34-5, and characters of that name are known to have occurred in 
three of Menander's plays, the "Ηρω?, Μισονμ€νο5, and UepLveia (if Koerte is 
right in assigning 855 to the last-named play), while the^apparent mention in 1. 25 
(cf. 1. 29, n.) of Θρασωνί^ης, the name of the leading character in the Μισούμίνος, 



46 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

indicates the second of the three. Parts of about 50 lines near the end of that 
play are extant in 1013, and there are 14 other fragments of it known, but 
no correspondence with 1605 is at all likely, though one or two are just possible ; 
cf. 11. 24-5, nn. Geta was the slave of Thrasonides, but who his interlocutor here 
was is quite obscure. Other known characters in the play are Clinias, Demeas, 
and Cratea. For the plot, which turned upon the redemption of Cratea through 
her father Demeas from servitude with Thrasonides, a rough soldier, see 1013. int. 
and Koerte, Menatidrea, li. 

The handwriting is a medium-sized sloping uncial resembling 1376 (Part 
xi, Plate iii), and probably of the third century, to which some dated documents 
found together with 1605 belong. The speaker's name is written more cursively 
by a different hand, which does not seem to be appreciably later than that of the 
main text. Paragraphi occur, indicating changes of speaker, but no stops. 

Another papyrus (3rd cent.) containing 23 lines divided between two scenes, 
which has recently been published by Wilamowitz [Sitzungsb. d. Berl. Akad. 19 18, 
ηΔ^η-^ as part of an uncertain comedy, perhaps by Menander, is probably to 
be assigned to the Mt^ov/iez^os•. In the second scene a Avoman called Cratea 
unexpectedly recognizes her father, whereupon the owner of the house intervenes, 
and in the margin of 1. 18 re( ) occurs as the name of a speaker. Wilamowitz, 
though noticing the agreement with the Mισoΰ/Λe^Όs with regard to Cratea, 
attributes the fragment to a different play, chiefly because Γ€( ) is supposed 
also to occur in the margin of 1. 12 in reference to a character who is addressed in 
the next line as rr\Qia. From this he infers that re( ) is an unknown feminine 
name. But it is much more likely that re( ) in 1. 18 is Υ^[τα'ΐ), and that in 1. 12, 
where the decipherment is admitted to be very uncertain, either the marginal 
note is to be read differently or some rearrangement of the supposed speakers is 
to be introduced. Geta and Cratea will then be the characters in the Μισουμενο?, 
the father will be Demeas, and the owner of the house Thrasonides, the action 
being highly appropriate to that play. This explanation is confirmed by the 
striking parallelism between Fr. 1 1 of the Μισουμενο?, άφαν^ϊ^ γίγόνασιν αϊ σττάθαί 
and 1. II of the Berlin papyrus, ]p οίκω tus airaOas των γειτόνων. 

Col. i. Col, ii. 

ovKeri [ 

25 &paaw[ui8 

Ti Taua[ 

καλώς [ 

9 lines lost ov παιδ[ 



1605. MENANDER, MI^OTMENOS 



47 



15 



20 



\€19 
]" 

]V 

]θη 

] 
] . [ ] 

]y κακόν 

] 
]ai 

1 

J 

] 
] παρην 





ζηλοτνπ[ο 


30 


a νυν Ae[y 




€is Tovp[yov 




8ιακοσί[ 




νη Δια τ[ 


Γ€(τθ5) 


ay aye [.] . [ 




απο Ti/y . [ 


36 


φαινί[ 




διδοασιν [ 




7Γροσβνξ[ 




όντως απ[ 


4o 


ουκ €ξα[ 




πως €ltt[ 




τα ρημα[τ 




λ€γων τ[ 




eXeyei/ α[ 


45 


ναι φησι [ 




ηκονσα[ 




€Κπλ€ί . [ 




αγαθά λ[ 




[σα ?]φ€ΐ Τί[ 


50 


[κ]αλως . [ 



24- ουκ(τι is apparently the first word in the last line of a small detached fragment of 
1013 (1. 26). But an actual coincidence is unlikely. 

25. θρασω[νώ : this might possibly coincide with the corrupt Fr. 14 (Koerte) of 

the Μισονμΐνος, which is generally restored μισοΰσι μίν \ θρασων(^δην), ώ narep, άπΐκτάγκασι 
8' ου, 

29• ζηλοτυπ\ο : cf. ΤΙΐρικΐΐρομίνη 408— Q ό δ' αλάστωρ εγώ j και ζηλότυττος ανθρωηος, Spoken 

by Polemon, the counterpart of Thrasonides in that play. 

34. Perhaps avaye \cr]t[avTov, as in Ί,αμία 1 45. The y is however very doubtful and 
αΐΌΐσΓ.] . [ can be read. It is not clear whether rt(Tas) refers to 1. 34 or to 1. 35. The surface 
of the papyrus between 11. 33-4 is rubbed, but there is no trace of a paragraphus, so that if 
Γ€(τα5) refers to 1. 34 there was probably a change of speaker in the middle of that line. 



48 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

1606. Lysias, Orations TTpbs Ίτητοθ€ρσην, Against Theomnestus, &c. 

Height 29-5 cm. Late second or early third century. 
Plate II (Fr. 6, Cols. i-ii). 

Lysias has hitherto been represented in papyri only by some small third- 
century B. C. pieces of the oration against Theozotides (P. Hibeh 14) ; but the 
following fragments of several of his lost private speeches are more extensive 
and valuable. Like 1607-8 and 1612, they form part of the first of the three 
large finds of literary papyri in 1905-6, which also produced 841-4, 852-3, 1012, 
1016-17, 1364, and 1376, the publication of this find being now completed. 
The small group consisting of Frs. 8-18 was found separately in a different part 
of the same mound, but no doubt belongs to the same roll. Originally about 
300 in number, the fragments have been reduced by combinations to 150. Much 
the longest of them is Fr. 6, which contains (i) the last three columns of a speech, 
with the title (11. 237-8) προ? ^Ιτητοθ^ρσην ύττέρ θξρατταίνη^ followed by a blank 
space, (2) the first two columns of a speech directed against a certain Theomnestus 
by an unnamed plaintiff, irpos 'Ιτητοθ^ρσην is known as the title of a speech by 
Lysias (no. Ixi) from Harpocration, who makes two quotations from it, Fr. 122 
(Sauppe) άφαν-ιμ ουσία καΐ φανβρά and Fr. 123 Ί^ρώνυμοί. Fr. 122 seems to be 
connected with Fr. 2 of the papyrus, where ovajCav . . . άφ[ανίσ]αι. is a probable 
restoration in 11. 29-32, and φαν]€ρά is possible in 1. 48 ; but 'Updwixos does not 
seem to occur in 1606, though it is tempting to restore his name in 1. 89. The 
title of the second speech would at first sight be expected to be κατά Θίομνηστον : 
but two orations of Lysias with that title are extant (x and xi), xi being merely 
an abbreviation of x. Since both of these are quite distinct from the speech 
against Theomnestus in the papyrus and presumably refer to a different person, 
while Harpocration seems to have known of only one speech κατά Θίομνηστου, 
i.e. the extant oration χ (Blass, Attische Beredsamkeit, i. 611), the title of the 
second speech in 1606 is likely to have been something else. Fr. 9, belonging 
to the smaller group, contains parts of the last 16 lines of what is obviously 
a third speech, with part of the title, which seems to be unknown, and a few 
letters from the beginning of what is much more likely to be a fourth speech 
than the oration wpos Ίττ-ηοθξρσην, and among the numerous minute scraps from 
the main find are certainly three (Frs. 19, 3o, and 22), and perhaps two more 
(Frs. 21 and 44), which contain parts of titles. The minimum number of speeches 
represented by the fragments as a whole is four, a figure which could be obtained 
by assigning Fr. 9. ii to the speech -npos Ίτητοθ^ρσην, Fr. 19 (κατά Θ€ομνησ]του?) 
or Fr. 22 to the speech against Theomnestus, and Fr. 20 to the title of the third 



1606. LYSIAS 49 

speech, and ignoring Frs. 21 and 44. But at least six of the lost orations are 
much more probably represented, and though all of these may have been quite 
short, it is clear that the fragments are widely scattered over different parts of 
the roll. Lysias is credited by Plutarch ( Vita Lys. 836 a) with no fewer than 
425 speeches, of which Dionysius and Caecilius recognized 233 as genuine. The 
names of about 170 are known, and 34 are extant. 

The script is a handsome uncial approximating towards the early biblical 
type, hke 1234 (Part X, Plate iv) and 1365 (Part XI, Plate vi), and probably 
belongs to the early part of the third century or even the end of the second. 
Iota adscript was generally written. Paragraphi and two kinds of stops, in the 
high and middle position, are employed ; that Fr. 82, in which a coronis occurs, 
belongs to 1606 is not certain. Fr. 6, in which the upper and lower margins are 
preserved, shows that there were 46-49 lines in a column. The other fragments 
are or may be from the middles of columns except when it is otherwise stated. 
The lines, which tend to begin and end more to the left as the column proceeds, 
range from 15 to 22 letters, generally having 18 or 19, and the >-shaped sign is 
used for filling up short lines. Deletions are indicated by a line drawn (by the 
first hand) above the letters in question ; but the text has not apparently been 
subjected to any independent revision, and several mistakes are noticeable, 
generally omissions; cf. 11. 47, 115, 139, 141, 173, 217, 349-56, 536. 

Of the oration ττρό? Ίτητοθ4ρσην the three concluding columns (II. 126-238), 
though requiring a good deal of restoration, are fairly well preserved, and some 
intelligible passages are provided by four other fragments (1-2 and 4-5) evidently 
belonging to earlier columns of the same speech (11. 7-19, 28-47, 76-86, 114-24). 
The respective order of these is doubtful, but Fr. 4 may be placed below Fr. 2 
with an interval not exceeding 2 or 3 lines between 11. 48 and 76 ; cf. 11. 38-44, n. 
Frs. 3 and 26 also probably belong to this oration, and perhaps Frs. 28-30, 87, 
and 1 00- 1. It must have been one of Lysias' more important speeches, being 
concerned, like the oration against Eratosthenes (xii), with the administration of 
the Thirty Tyrants and his own grievances. In xii Lysias prosecuted Erato- 
sthenes, who was one of the Thirty, for the murder of his brother Polemarchus 
(cf. 1606. 8-9, 161) ; the present action mainly turned on the question of the 
restoration of Lysias' property on his return from exile. As the title implies, 
the speech was on the side of the defence ; but that the real defendant was not 
the θ€ράτταινα but Lysias himself, is clear not only from the general tenour of the 
fragments, in which Lysias is very prominent, but from the expression φζύγζΐ την 
Ιίκην applied to him in 11. 183-4, and the closing appeal in 1. 221 ίητοψηφίσασθαι 
Ανσίον. How the θβράτταινα became involved in the case does not appear, but 
presumably she was acting merely as Lysias' agent. With the plaintiff Hippo- 

E 



50 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

therses were associated one or more other individuals, the plural being employed 
in reference to the side of the prosecution, which is called υντοι in 11. 32 and 229 
and perhaps ol άντ'ώι,κοι in 1. 133. Nicostratus and Xeno'cles] (11. 17-18) may well 
be two of the persons meant, and possibly Sosia[des^ (11. 92-3, n.). The dispute 
Avas concerned with the ownership of property (ουσία) worth 70 (?) talents, formerly 
belonging to Lysias, which had been seized by the Thirty and apparently sold 
by them to Hippotherses and his associates (11. 28-34), and which Lysias was now 
trying to recover. By the terms of the amnesty arranged at the time of the 
restoration of the democracy in B. C. 403, sales made during the administration 
of the Thirty remained valid ; but unsold property reverted to its original owners, 
an exception being made in the case of land and houses, i.e. immovable property, 
which were to be returned in any case (11. 38-48). This reference to the amnesty 
is important, confirming Grote's views (Hist, of Greece, viii, ch. 66) on the 
nature of the agreement ; but the precise application of it to the dispute between 
Hippotherses and Lysias is obscured by the incompleteness of Frs. 1-5. Lysias 
evidently regarded the terms of the amnesty as in favour of his contentions, but 
Hippotherses too may have appealed to it, and perhaps the interpretation was 
one of the chief points of dispute. In 11. 13-17 Lysias complains that he was 
being prevented by the prosecution from buying back his own property from 
the purchasers ; but in 11. 76 sqq. he is found objecting to a claim of Hippo- 
therses for half the price of, apparently, the ονσία described in 11. 28-34, and in 
11. 114 sqq. he criticizes the legality of the sales effected by the Thirty. This 
evidence is not very easy to combine into a connected argument ; but apparently 
the οίυσία bought from the Thirty by Hippotherses contained land and houses, 
and Hippotherses refused to surrender these without compensation, whereupon 
Lysias, through the depajrawa, took some step towards ejecting Hippotherses 
which resulted in the prosecution, possibly in some form of bUη ζξούλη^. The 
peroration, to which 11. 127-236 belong, does not throw much light on the 
facts of the case, which are referred to only in general terms (11. 224-36), but 
in itself is of much interest, since it contains an eloquent comparison of Lysias* 
behaviour towards the State with that of his opponent. The patriotism of Lysias, 
who after losing his brother and much property made large sacrifices in support 
of the democrats, is recorded in a passage which was evidently before Plutarch 
when writing his account of this part of Lysias' life (11. 163-71, n.), and is 
contrasted with the pro-Spartan zeal of Hippotherses. The speech must have 
been delivered very soon after the restoration of the democracy, i. e. in 403 or 
402 B. c. 

The second oration, that directed in prosecution of Theomnestus, after a very 
short introduction (11. 239-46), proceeds to the narration of the facts. The 



1606. LYSIAS 51 

unnamed plaintiff claims to have lent his friend Theomnestus 30 minae in 
order to pay a debt to a certain Theozotides for which judgement had 
been entered against Theomnestus. The transaction took place without 
witnesses, and Theomnestus, having subsequently quarrelled with the plaintiff, 
now denied the loan (11. 246-61). After a mutilated passage apparently 
explaining the nature of the quarrel, which seems to have been connected with 
the guardianship of some property, and the unsuccessful attempts of the plaintiff 
to get his money returned (11. 361-95), a dilemma is propounded for the defence. 
Theomnestus must maintain either that he borrowed the money from some one 
else, or that he did not borrow any money at all, in order to pay Theozotides 
(11. 295-301). Of these alternative lines of defence the first is rebutted in 
11. 301-40, Fr. 7 probably belonging to the column following Fr. 6. v, while the 
second is dealt with in 11. 340-66 by putting a number of questions designed to 
show that Theomnestus would not have run the risks which he actually incurred, 
if he had had the requisite money at hand. The rest of the speech is lost, and 
there are no indications of the date of its delivery. 

The third speech (Frs. 8, 9. i and probably some of Frs. 10-18), apparently 
against a person whose name ended in -ylius, seems to have been concerned 
with the sale of a ship at Carthage, and a question of partnership ; but there is 
nothing to show what was the subject of the fourth speech (Fr. 9. ii and probably 
some of Frs. 10-18). With regard to the remaining fragments the more or less 
probable position of Frs. 13, 16, 28, 45, ^'i,, 73, 80, and 128 has been ascertained. 
Fr. 25 apparently comes from a fifth speech about an inheritance (κλήροι), and 
Frs. 31 and 39, which probably belong to the same oration, may be connected with 
a reference in Harpocration to βίβαιώσ^ωί δίκτ} in two unnamed speeches of Lysias 
(cf. 1. 493, n.), while probably one of Frs. 19-22 belongs to the title of it. Fr. 64 
might come from the speech irpos Άλκι/Βιάδηι; or that irpos Άρχ^βυά^ην. 

We are indebted to Mr. E. Lobel and Dr. C. Hude for several good 
suggestions in the restoration of this papyrus. 

(a) -npos ^Ιττ-ποθίρσην. 

Fr. I. 

II letters ]κ[ i5 S]ovs τοις ^ωνημί^Ιοΐί 

ΙΟ „ ]αμ[ [[τ]α ζαυτου^ 8υναται κ\ομιζζ 

5 i) συκ\οφαν[τ σ\θαί Νίκοστρατος γα[ρ δι 

8 „ ]ντ[ K]a^eTaL μβτα aevoK[X€OV9 ? 

5 7"] ουτο^ . [ το]υ πωλη[σαντο? 

Ε 2 . 



52 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



λτο-ΐ-ο\_ 

f]l^0^[y^j'' T9\y ^^ ^ 

]5eX0[oli/ cLyi;[o]v [Πολ^μαρχον 
] απζκταναν και την [ουσι 
ΙΟ α\ν αφζίλοντο και [εω? 
μξ]ν ζν ΠίίραΐΗ ωιχ([το η 
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ρ]€σθαί vvvL Se €π€[ίδη η ? 
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ληφ[θ ουσ]ιαν 

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Λυσίας [ωιχ]ξτο και μ^τ[α] 
τον νμ[€τ]€ρον πλήθους 
κατηλθζν κξλΐνονσων 
των συνθηκών τα μ€ν 

4θ π€πραμ€να τον? ζώνη 
μένους ^χ^ιν τα 5e α 
[π]ρατα τους κατζλθοντας 
[κ]ομιζ€σθαι ούτος οντ€ γην 
[ον]τ oLKiav Κ€κτημ€ν09 

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\τί^θονσίν απίδίδοσαν 
[ξα]ν δ€ {αν 5[e]} αποδω[σ]ι 
[ ]τρ[. . .]^ρα 



Col. π. 



[ 


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Fr. 4. Col. i. 
.....] μξτα τα[ντα] τοι 
νυ\ν ω avSpes δικασται τ[ο 
ημ]ισυ της τιμής η^ι 
ου π]αρα Λυσίου Χαβΐΐν λβ 
γωι/] ray εαυτού συμφο 
ρ]α9 ωσπζρ τούτου Θησαυ 
p]ou [eJTTi των τριάκοντα 
ί\υρηκοτο? αλλ ουκ απολω 
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να]κτουντος 8 αυτού και 
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]ντιλ . . . 

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νβως ]πουσιν αυτω 

] παραλαβών 

] τον Χωσιά 

δην ? ]ν€ΐστην η 

] συγκ€ΐμ€ 

ν ]θ9 ωμολο 

γ ]€v Tois αν 

]ομ€ 

ν ] ανηρ 

]€νωι 

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Μ• •] 

Col. i. Plate ii. 

συ]νθη 

κ To]i>9 νομούς 

ακη]κοατζ η 

]ay δικαιοτβ 

ρον ]ντας λε 



LYSIAS 



προ[ 

SlKT)[ 



53 



Fr. 4. Col. ii. 



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του[ 
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Ι ΙΟ ξαντος [ 
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Fr. 5. 

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[αν €ΐη ω avSpes δικ]ασται [ 

115 [^ί κ]ατηλθ€(τ€) μ[€]ν coy α<5[ί 
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[οργιζοι]σθ€ τοις €ωνημ€ 

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[ai;]Taiy συμφοραις πρω 
[το]ν μ€ν γαρ οι τριακον[τα 
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[νησομ]€νοι μη ήσαν e[. 

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Fr. 6. 

Col. ii + Fr. 80. Plate ii. 
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αϋ[τω]ί €π€ΐ[σζν] αυτόν δυ[ 
1 70 ο τάλαντα π[αρ]ασχ€ΐν τ[€ 
ληι και αντί τ[ο]υτων ουδξ 
μιαν χ[«/ο]ίΐ' ουδζ δωρεάν 



54 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



[y^iv ]y βίλτιουζ- 

Γ '^]?i^[y] ocvTiSi 

[kov? . . .]e£(r[ ] νμιι/ 

135 [ ] τούτων (τητρΐττο 

\ji€v α]κονσαντας τα Λυσι 
[αι και Ι]τηΓοθζρσηι π€πρα 
[γμ€ρ]α οποτ^ραν βουΧζσθζ 
[κρίσιν ?] πράγματος ψηφί 

Ι40 [σασθαι] nepi τούτων οπο 

[{τ€)ρο9 βίλ]τιων ων Trept την 
[ημζΤ€ρ]αν πολιν Tvyya 
\ν^ι δ€θ]μαι δ νμων ακου 
[σαι ινα κ]αι ovtos νμιν δο 

145 [^«y \ρ]ηστος eivai ττροθυ 
[μηται €]πι τον λοιπόν και ο 
[Ιπποθ€ρ]ση9 ακονσας τα 
\προσηκ\οντ αντωι β^λτι 
[ων το λοι]πον ηι οτ[ι] μ€ν 

150 [ονν ? . . .]α Λνσι[. . . . ν]μιν 

[ ]ζπ[. πα]ντ€ 

[λω? ? δηλο]ν €ω[9] μ[ί]ν γαρ ν 
[μ€ΐς ηνδα]ιμον€ΐτ€ πλον 
[σιωτατο9 η]ν των μ€Τ0ΐ 

155 ['ίί»" €πζΐδ]η δί σνμφο 
[ρα eyei/ero] €π€μ€ν€ 
[ονδί γ]αρ ελάχιστον μ€ 
[ρο? των νμϊ\τ€ρων δυστν 
[χιών . . . .]vaev ανομως 

1 6ο [νπο των τρια]κοντα και 
[αδζλφον και] χρημάτων 
[πολλών απ€σ]τ€ρημ[€]νο[ς] 
[€π€ΐ δζ φίν]γων ωιχ^το 
[ζπικονρονς] τριακοσι 

165 [ovs €πίμψξν ?] €is την κα 



παρ νμιν κ€Κομισται και 
φΐνγων μίν toiovtos ην 

175 κατζλθων δί ονδ^να πω 
[π]οτ€ Αθηναίων ίλνπη 
[σ€]ν οντ€ πίρι των αντον 
α[ν']αμνημισκων (V€p 
γ[€σι\ων ovTe πΐρι των αλ 

1 8ο λ[ο]τριων ονπδιζων αμαρ 
[τη]ματων ννν δ αναγ 
κηι π€ρι αντον λ€γ€ΐν ν 
πο τοιοντον γαρ φ€νγ€ΐ την 
δικ[η]ν 09 €7Γί μ^ν των re 

185 τρα[κο]σιων φβνγων ωί^ε 
το e/c ^€Κ€λ€ΐα9 δ€ ορμώ 
μ(νο9 μ[^]τα των πολβ 
μιων ([πι τη]ν πατρίδα 
€στρατ€ν[σ€ν οι δ]€ τη9 πο 

igo λ6ω[ί (χθροι κατηγα\ 

γον αν[τον και]\^ π[ολι]την 
vpeWepov βπίοιησαν 
ωστ\ οιμαι πασ\ι δηλον 
uva[i\ οτ[ΐ\ jLi[eio]|f νννι 

195 φρονεί των τ[ζΐχων ωικο 
δομημένων [η των 
τοτ€ καθηιρημζνων [ 
ονδ ομ[ο]ια9 €λπιδα9 € 
χβί €π[ι τα]ί9 νμζΤ€ραί9 

200 €ντνχ[ιαί9] και σνμφοραΐ9 
€ΐτα τ[ελ€09 ?] ων [π]ολιτη9 
^και^ ονδ[€πωπ]οτβ αντωι 
μ€ταμ(λη[σα]γ ο[νδβ δι 
α την ηλικι[α]ν β[€λτι 

205 ων γίγ€νημζν[θ9 σνκο 

φαντΗ T0V9 πολλ[ον9 μ^ 



1606. 



[θοδον και π]αρ€σχ^€το 
[χρήματα re δ]ραχμας 
7 lines lost 



Fr. 6. 

Λ[νσιαν Se χ^αριν] παρα[ 

τον [δήμου απολαμ]βαν[€ίν <^ei') 

€ργ[(σίαι/] την μ^γι 

στ[ην 7Γζποη]κοτα δζο 
2 20 μα.[ι ον]ν υμών ω ανδρ€9 

δίκασταί αττοψηφισασθαι 

Λυσίου μ^μνημ^νον^ 

και τ[ο'\υτου κ[αί] των αΧΧων 

των ζΐ[ρ'\ημζνων €i δζ 
2 25 ί^[ν\ '^'■^ ^σται τούτου ανθροα 

ττων δυστυχ€στβρο9 ίΐ τα 

[μ€ν] αυτοί βιαι ληψονται 



LYSIAS 

θ α νμας €ΐργα[σ]α[το . . . 
και ταν[. . .]ν[ 

ζοντ[ 

2 ΙΟ άριστα [ 

ρον Λχ'σι[ 

και π€ν[τ 

των απ[ 

μ€νο9 . [ 

215 [• •> «λλ[ 

Col. iii. 

τ[α] δ νμξΐς δωσ€Τ€ η τις 
το[ν]των (νδαιμονβστε 

230 [pos] €ί μη μόνον [[ττε/ΐί]] των 
[τοτ]€ πραγβζντων σνγ 
[■γνω'\μην avTOLS e|er€ 
[άλλα] και νννι ττ^ρι ων 
[αν ei]y υμάς ΐίσιωσιν ο 

235 [σ"α] OLV κίλίυωσιν ψηφί 
(ΐσθ€ 

προ9 Ιπποθζρσην 
vnep θζραπαινης 



55 



(δ) Against Theomnestus 
Fr. 6. Col. iv. 

[φαιψζ,ται [5ί]α το\υ\ . . [.] 
240 [ '\rov Θίομνηστος 

[npos ?] υμαί [σ^βδον παν 

[. . . .]ναι ούτω γαρ δίζ 

[θηκ€ ?]ΐ' ωστ€ μη μο 

[νον €π]ιτροπονς ξίναι Κ€ 
245 [• • • α]λλα κ[α]ι την ουσιαν 

[ ον'\τι δ €ταιρωι 



Fr. 6. Col. V. 

[ 

[ 

290 [ 

την ανάγκην [ 

σεωί ονδ avTos ay[. . . . 
295 TCI ανάγκη δ αν[τωί 



56 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



\Θ ζό\ΐιι\τισ\τ(ύΐ τριακον 
[τ\α μνας ί8ωκα δικην 
Siou €κτισα[ί Θ]€θ8οτίδηι 

250 πριν 8νναί τον ήλων et 
δ€ μτ] νπ€ρημ€ρον (ίναι 
δον? δ€ ωστΓίρ ίΐκο[ς] av[e]v 
μαρτύρων αποστ[(]ροχ^μ]€ 
νο? αναγκάζομαι δικά 

255 ίΤ^σ^αί Θζομνηστοί δί 
προ τον μίν ην μοι φίλο? 
και €ταιρο9 νυνι δξ π€ΐ 
σθίΐ? νπο των €μων ^γβρων 
ταντα re πράττει και αλ 

26ο λο οτιονν αν eis e/ze [€]τολμη 
σίν πριν δ[€ ταντη]ν η 
[μι]ν την δ[ιαφορ]αν yeve 
σθ[α]ι ovTe η[νωχλη]σα οντ€ 
απηιτησα [το αργ]νριον ου 

265 δι . [ π]ολΐ'ί 6^0 

[ '\ν δζ €ωρων 

. [ €πι\τροτΓην 

ουσ[ια9 αντω κα]τ€σκ€να 
σμ€[νην ....]. ντο μξ 

2-J0 €κλ[ ]γ τηι τη? α 

π[ ]τ€ οτ€ ίδω 

κ [αντω av€v μ]αρτνρων• 
δον? [δζ και την] απαιτη 
σιν [ ]s• evavTi 

275 ον e[. . . ποιο ?]νμ€νο? 
ηγη[σαμην π€ρ]ί€ργον 

ζΐνα[ι ] μόνον 

α[ ]τ€ρων 

~ή ] • «^ 

28ο €ΐσ[ ] . ι 



€1 μη παρ e/iof τ[ο αργν 
ριον e^ei δνοιν θατ[€ρον 
η παρ ζτξρον φα[σ]κ[€ΐν et 
ληφζναι η αντ[ον το παν ? 
300 €KT€TiK€vai τω[£ Θζοδο 
τιδηι €1 μ[€]ν το[ιννν 
πα[ρ] eTepov φησ€ΐ [ίίλη 
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315 [ ] 7Γ«/ε> ^/^ο[ν ? 

e . [ ]σζν τον σννι[δο ? 

To[s . .] . την αποριαν ο[ 
Kv[uv'\ δβηθηναι• π[αρα 
δζ των μηννσοντω[ν 

320 τοι? ίχ[^]ρ[ο]ίί α^[ϊ\ονν δα[ 
νζΐζ\(ϊ\σθαι• κα[ϊ\τοι π[ω? 
€ΐκο? τα μξν €μα €[τ€ 
ροι? σνν€κδιδ[οσθαι αν 
τωι δζ παρ ^τβρων δ[α 

325 ν€ΐζ€σθ[αι\ ω? δ ον . [. . 
το? vi[''^]?[^]y αντωι μ[. . 
οντο? παρ €Tepoy δαν[€ΐ 
ζξσθαι μξγα νμ[ι'\ν Te[ 
κμηριον ep'ju ο[τ€] γαρ [e 



1606. LYSIAS 



57 



€Τ[ ]θατ€[ ] 

€7γ[ ] ovy τι € 

ξι[ τ]ο αργνρί 

ον [ ] . €iy €στί[ ] 

285 μ .[ ] . €^ αυ 

τ[ τ\ου πρα 

y\jiaTO^ ] TTOLTj 



Frs. 7+45 + 

333a[.]KOil[ 350 

334 Trepi r|[. .]ou[.]a . . [ 

335 μ^^ o\KveLv 8^τι\θηναι ? . . 

re 5e | ττβρι τον βοος π[ 

[e]7r cl/zoi οικ€ΐωι ovt[l .... 

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33° X°[p]V7^'' civ[Sp&]ai [eis Δι 

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€1 [κ]αι τ[ι] εξαίφνης [β]πα 
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και τον βιον ανα•γ[κασ&\η 
ναι τταθαν eiy τουτ\ο πρ^ο 
ηκο]ντα ωστ€ €ΐ ζδυ [ο] ηλι 
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πο] T01S €χ[θ]ροΐ9 γζνζσθαι 
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.].[. 



(c) Against 

Fr. 8. 
[/iap]Tt/p[ey 
[πα\λιν τ\ο\ιννν [ω] ai/(5pe[y 
\δίκ\ασται coy τη\ν\ νανν 
370 [ei' Κ]αρχηδονι α7Γ[€]δοτ[ο 



. ylius, &C. 
Fr. 9• Col. i. 

[ ] νμ[^^ ? 

[ ^ντων TOis μαρτν 

375 [σ-ί ] _ 

[ ] μαρτυράς 



Fr. 9• 

390 [ 

[ 
[ 



Col. ϋ. 



58 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 





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[ν\μίν ο[ί 


[ωρ //e]i/ τοίΐΊ/Γ ω avSpe? 


j_a.[ 




[e7ri]7rXeoi/Te[y . . 


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[δικασ]ται ουκ iyeyo^rju 
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395 δικ[ 
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Fr. 12. Fr 


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1606. LYSIAS 
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59 



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6ο THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

στζρονμξνοΫ [ ξα[ 

510 μοί βοκονσιν ο[ι τα υμ€ τι[ 

τ€ρα ΐΓρίαμζν\οι 

Frs. 29 + 30 + 28? . Fr. 31. 

530 ^^Χ ] . σ[. . . ]ωνα[. 

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535 ^'[α '"Οί? αλ[λοί5] γ[ί]γί'ωσκοί/ κτ ττ\ο\\α ημαρ 

τα μόνον (α ?) α|[ι/ α]ϋτω 5ί<αί 545 τ ]ρι μηδξν 

[α)]ί παρ νμων φ\[€]ροί το[.] . ν ]ων φροντι 

[. . . .]ν ποοί γαρ | δυνα[τ]αι αμφί\σβητξί τωι [ 

end of col. ]^ • '^ • Γ 

Fr. 32. Fr. ^^. Fr. 34. 

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μβν υμ[ι]ν ^[ί]σ€ν . [. . . ]<'^ios civai των [ ζ^ο ]ν 

555 ^"irep τ[ο]υτου [.]?;[ ]ν π/)[ο]ί [τ]α9 €νίω[ ]σα 

[.].[ * ' *]...[ ]ra 

Fr. S5• Fr. 35. Fr. 37. Fr. 38. 

[. .] . ν€ω[ 58o . [ ] . JVfoi 

στρατ€ία[ φ[ ]y και 595 ]iv γαρ [ 

575 και €re[ 0[ ]ταί Ιτο^?! 

σννξ . [ at;[ 590 1^ ]^fA. 

των . [ re λ . [ ]€μ ]σα[ 

λ(ντ[ 5^5 «4 ] Υτ([ 

[.]βω[ ί[ ]αί 6οο ]j/ . [ 



1606. LYSIAS 



6i 



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Fr. 40. 



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62 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



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1606. LYSIAS 




Fr. 73. 




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63 



64 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



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top of col. 


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1606. 


LYSIAS 


Fr. 125. 




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Pr. 1. . . . ovTos . . . [ε]|€φυ[•)/ε]ΐ', τ6[ν 8e αΐδίλφ o]c αύτ[ο]ί) [noXe/nap^j^of^ άπίκτίΐναρ και την 
[ουσία]»/ άψΐίλοντο. και [βω? μ(^ν iv ΐίΐΐραιύ ω;^6[το ηζι\ον κατΐλθων άπ\υφίρ\ζσβαι, νννΐ 8e enfliSr) 

F 



66 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

ηκ ?lei ουδί την τίμην [άτΓοδΙούί Tois ΐωνημίνοΐί [τ]ά ίαντον δύναται κ ομίζ€σ\θαί. Νικόστρατοί ya^p 
δικ\άζ(ταί μίτα Αΐνοκ^λίονς το'^ΰ πωλή aavTos . . . 

' Lysias . . . escaped by flight, but they killed his brother Polemarchus and took away 
his property. While he was away at the Piraeus, he claimed to get it back on his return ; 
but now when he has come back, he is unable to recover what is his own, even by paying 
the price to the purchasers. For Nicostratus is prosecuting him with Xenocles, who offered 
for sale . . .' 

Fr. 2. ... σ\υΧΚηφ\θ ovaVav 8e ΐβΒ\ομηκο\ΐ'τα ταλάντων [άπεδο ^ντο, ην ούτοι οντ' άφ\ανίσ^αι 

CVT άποδόσθαι πο\[λών] ημ€ρών €bvva[vTO. ^'π([ι]δ[η] τ[υί]ννν μΐθ" \ν\αων φ[(υ\•γων Αυσίας [ωχ]ίτο καΐ 
μετΓά] τον vμ[eτ^epov πλήθους κατήλθαν, Κίλίνονσών των συνθηκών τΰ μίν ττίπραμένα τους ίωνημίνονς 
^yeiv. τα 8e ά[π]ρατα tovs κατίλθόντας \κ\ομίζΐσθαί, ovtos ovre γήν [οϋγ' οΐκίαν Κΐκτημίνοί, [ά] και αί 
σννθηκαι To'is κα[τί\λθοϋσίν αττίδίδοσαι/, [ea]v de (μι??) άποδώ[σ]ι , . . 

'. . . and sold the property for 70 talents, which property they were unable either to 
realize or to sell within a long period. So when Lysias departed with you into exile 
and returned with your democracy, the treaty enjoining that buyers should keep their 
purchases, but the returned exiles should recover what was unsold, he, not having obtained 
either land or house, which even the treaty restored to the returned exiles, or if it 
did (not ?) restore . . .' 

Fr. 4. μ(τα τα\ΰτα'\ roi'[w]i/, ώ avbpes δικασταί, τ[ό ημ]ισυ της τιμής ηξΐ[ον TTjapo ΛνσιΌυ λαβείν, 
λ(\γων] τάς έαυτοΰ συμφο[ρ]άς, ώσπίρ τούτου θησαυ[ρ\6ν [^πι των τριάκοντα \ΐ]υρηκότος άλΧ ουκ 
άπο\ω[λί]κότος τα οντά. 8ιαγο\να\κτοΰντος δ' αυτοΰ κα\ [χαλ€]πώς φίροντος προς . • . 

' Afterwards then, gentlemen of the jury, he claimed to receive half the price from 
Lysias, recounting his own misfortunes, as if Lysias had discovered a treasure in the time of 
the Thirty and not lost his property. Lysias being indignant and unwilling to submit 

Ft. 5. δβίκόΐΐ' y\ap av ί'ίη ω ανδρ(ς δικ^ασταί, [el κ^ατήλθίζτε) p[e\v ως αδ[ικ]ου)ΐΐ€νοι, των δε όντων 
[α\ποστίρ€Ίσθ€ ως αΒικοΰι\τ€]ς. καίτο[ι] δικαίως αν [6ργίζοι]σθ( τοΊς ΐωνημ([νοι]ς τα ΰμίτΐρα iv ταις 
τοι\αυ\ταις συμφοραΐς. πρω[το^ν μΐν yap ο'ι τριάκον[τα ονδβν α\ν €πώλουν d ο'ι [ώνησόμ\€νοι μη 
ήσαν. 

'It would be monstrous, gentlemen of the jury, that you should come back from exile 
as the injured parties, and yet be deprived of your property as if you were the wrongdoers. 
You might, however, justly be angry with the purchasers of your property in times of such 
misfortunes ; for in the first place the Thirty Λvould not have been offering anything for sale 
unless there had been intending buyers.' 

Pr. 6. i— iii. ΰμΊν [δε ττερι?] τούτων ewiTpeno^pev α^κούσαντας τα Λυσί[α καΐ 'Ι^πποθίρση πεπρα- 
[γμενία σποτίραν βούλΐσθΐ [κρίσιν .?] ( ?) πpάyμaτoς \\τηφ'^σασ6αϊ\ ττερι τούτων όττό[{τΐ)ρος β(λ^τΙων ων 
TTep\ την [ήμΐτΐρ\αν ηόλιν τυyχc^veι. δίο^μαι δ' υμών άκον[σαι, Ίνα κ\α\ οντος ίμίν δό[^ας χρ\ηστος (ίναι 
Ίνροθι{μηται (\πι του λοιπόν, και ό [^Ιπποθ€ρ]σης άκουσας τα [προσήκ]οντ' αυτώι βΐλτί[ων το λοι\π6ν τ], 

οτ[ι] μΐν 'οΰν? . . . .]α Αυσι[. . . . ν]ιχϊν [ ](7ί[. πα]ντ([λώς} δηλο]ν. €ω[ς] p[e]v yap vlpeis 

ηυδα]ιμονΐϊτ€ πλου\σιώτατος η^ τών μίΤοι[κων, ΐπΐΐδ]ή δε συμφο[ρά eyeveTo] ε'πε'μεί/ει/, [ονδΐ γ]αρ 
ΐλάχιστον μ€[ρος τών ύμεί Γέρων δνστνίχιών . . . .Ίυσει/, άνόμως [υπο τών τριά^κοντα κα\ [αδΐλφον (catj 
χρημάτων [πολλών άπ€σ]τ(ρημ[€\νο[ς' επεί δε φ(ν^γων ωχ€το, [(πικούρονς] τριακοσί[ονς (π€μψ€ν ?] eh την 
κά[θοδον και 7Γ]αρε'σ•χετο [χρήματα re δ]ραχμάς [δισχιλίας κα\ ασπίδας διακοσίας . . . θρασυδαΐον τον 
ΉλείΙοι^ |[ενο]ι/ 'όντα έα\\τω\ είτει[σεΐ'] αύτον δύο τάλαντα π[αρ]ασχεΐι/ τ[ε']λ>7, και αντί τ[ο]ύ7-ωΐ' 
oυδeμίav χΓάρ]"' ουδέ δωρεάν παρ' νμ(ω)ν Κΐκόμισται. και φeύyωv μεν τοιούτος ην, κατελθών δε ονδΐνα 

__ ' Γ — Ί >\ΰ ' Τ\ /. Γ 1.. _?'_- ^, _Λ.. ^S.^nC Λ[ ti\^,,,,,.,Sifyi^j:^.i ^-^,^ΙΛ^Λ ^m \μίΙ r\4lTC TTCni Τί.ΜΙ 



-ΤΓώΓττΙοτε Αθηναίων ίλυπη 



Ιν, oi/'re περί τών αΰτοΰ a[v^aμιμvήσκωv eύepy[eσι\ώv οϋτε περί τών 



(ΐλλ[ο\τρίων όνειδίζων άμαρ τη^μάτων. νυν δ' άvάyκη περί αυτού λeyeιv, νπο τοιούτον yap φevyeι την 



1606. LYSIAS 67 

διψ]!/" OS eVt μίν των Τ6τρα[κο]σ/ωΐ' φΐύγων ωχΐτο, (Κ AeKfXeias δε όρμωμΐνος μ\(\τα των πολΐμίων eV[t 
7-)j]f ΐίατρίΒα €στρά\τ€υσίν, οί SJe τ^ί ^Γυλfωys εχθροί κατη-γαλ•γον ανίτον και\ πΓολίΐΓ»;!' υμίτ^ρον εποίησαν. 
ωστ , οίμαι, ττασι δηλον eiVn^t] ό'τ[ι] μ^εΐο]!/ ννν\ φρονύ των τΐΐίχων ωκοψομημίνων \η τωνλ τότε 
καθηρημ€νων, ουΒ' όμ[ο]ιαί fXnidas ίχ(ΐ e7r[t ταΐίϊ ίιμίτίραις (ντνχ\ίηις'\ και σνμφηραΐς, €ΐτα τΓε'λεοί ?1 
ων \πρΧίτης, οι'δί[πώ7Γ]οΓ€ αυτω μίταμίΚη\σα]ν οΓΰδε διίά την ηΚικιϊίΐΙν βΙΐλτί'Ιων γeyevημ€v\os, 
σvκoγf)avτeΐ τους πολλ[ούί μ(\θ' ά υμάς etpy(i[ala[ro . . . Α\υσίαν be χάριν] παρά τον \8ημον άπολαμ\• 
βάν^(ΐν\ (ev^epy\^eaiav^ την μίγίστ\ην πίποιη^κότα. δ€ημα\^ι ον\ν νμων, ω αν8ρες δικασταί, άποψηφίσασθαι 
Λυσίου μεμνημίνονς κα\ τ[ο]υτ-ου κ[αί] των Άλλων των (Ι^^ρ^ημίνων, el δε μ\η], τις ΐσται τούτου ανθρώπων 
8νστνχίστ(ροί, fl τα [μει*] αϋτοϊ βία ληψονται, τ[ά] δ' vpeis δώσετε ; η τις το^ΰλτων εϋδαιμοΐ'εσΓεΓροί], ει 
μη μόνον των \τότ^ΐ πραχθίντων συ•γ^νω\ίΐην αίιτοΐς ε^ετε, [αλλά] κα\ νυν\ πιρι ων [αν €ΐ\ς υμάς ίΐσίωσιν 
οΓσαΙ αν κ€\(ύωσιν ψηφιΰσθΐ J 

πρόί Ίπποθίρσην Ιπίρ θΐραπαίνης. 

'. . . we leave it to you, after hearing the actions of Lysias and Hippotherses, to 
give whichever verdict on the matter you choose with regard to the question which of the 
two is the better citizen. And I beg you to listen, in order that both Lysias, having been 
judged by you to have done his duty, may be still more zealous in the future, and 
Hippotherses hearing the truth about himself may behave better. . . . For while you were 
prosperous Lysias was the richest of the metoeci ; but when disaster came he stayed on ; for he 
did not in the least fail to share in your misfortunes, being illegally deprived by the Thirty of 
both his brother and much money. When he left Athens in flight, he sent 300 mercenaries to 
help in the restoration and provided both 2,000 drachmae in money and 200 shields . . . (and 
going to) Thrasydaeus the Elean, who was his guest-friend, he persuaded him to provide 
two talents in taxes, though in return for this he has never obtained any recompense or 
favour from you. Such was his behaviour in exile, while since his return he has never 
given offence to a single Athenian either by recalling the benefits conferred by himself or by 
making reproaches for the sins of others. But now it is necessary to speak about him, since 
his accuser is a man of this character : in the time of the Four Hundred he took to flight, 
and making Decelea his head-quarters fought Avith the enemy against his country ; and it 
was the foes of the city who restored him and made him your fellow-citizen. Hence it is, 
I think, plain to all that he is now less pleased with the walls which were built than with the 
walls which were then destroyed, and bases quite dissimilar hopes upon your good fortunes 
and your disasters, and then being a full citizen, and never having repented or improved 
through age, he slanders the democracy after what he has done against you ... (it is just) that 
Lysias should receive the thanks of the people for having conferred the greatest benefit upon 
them. I entreat you therefore, gentlemen of the jury, to acquit Lysias, remembering both 
this and the other arguments which I have used. Otherwise who in the world will be more 
unfortunate than Lysias, if his opponents are to take part of his property by force and part 
of it is to be given to them by you, or who will be happier than they, if you intend not only 
to pardon them for their past misdeeds but also now, whatever proposals they may make to 
you, to vote for all their demands ? Against Hippotherses on behalf of a maidservant.' 

Fr. 6. iv— V, 7. [Φαίνεται [δι]η το[ϋ] . . [ Jro'j θίύμνηστος [προς ?] υμάς [σχ]εδόΐ' πάν 

. , . .^ναι. οΰτω yap δύ[θηκ€ ?jv ώστε μή μό[νον ΐπ]ιτρόπους elvai Κ(\. . . αίλλά κϊα ι την ουσ'ιαν 

ovy-i δ ίταίρω [θεο]αι[ΐ7σ]Γω τριάκοι\τ\α μνάς έδωκα, δίκην δίον ε'κτίσοΓι θ εοζοτίδη πρ)ν 

δΰναι τον ipiiov, (Ι δε μη, νπ€ρημ€ρον eivai. δούς δε ωσπΐρ eiKu\j\^ αί^ίεΐυ μαρτύρων^ άποστ\(λοοί>\μ\(νος 
αναγκάζομαι δικάζΐσθαι. θΐόμνηστος δε προ του μεν ην μοι φίλος κα\ ίταΐρος, νννΐ δε πείσέεΐ? ΰπο των 
ίμών ΐχθρών ταϋτά τε πράττει κα\ Άλλο ότιονν αν εις ε'ρε [ΐ'^τόλμησεν. πρ\ν δ[ε ταυτη\ν ή\μ'ι\ν την 
δ[ιαφορ]άΐ' γεΐ'εσ6[α]ί, οντΐ η\νώχλη]ρ-α οϋτΐ άπητησα [το apy^Cpiov, οΰδε . . . (1. 293) • • • '''')'' ανάγκην 

L ]σεω? οΰΰ' αυτός αν[. . . .]Γει. ανάγκη δ' αΐ[τώ], ΐΐ μη παρ' (μου τ[ό άργνλριον εχ(ΐ, δυοίν 

θατ[ΐρον,\ η παρ' ίτίρον φά[σ\κ[ειν ΐί^ηφεναι η αΰτ[όΐ' το πάν .?] ίκτΐτικίναι τω [θ6θ^ο]Γΐδ?7. εί pie]" 

F 2 



68 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

ro\iwv\ ταΓρ'] ίτίρου φήσ(ΐ [είλτ^φει/αι] <π7ΐ[. . . (1. 3^5) """ρ' ^'Μο[ί] «[ yrev τον συΐ'ί([δό]Γο[ϊ 

. . .] την άπιφίαν 6κν\(Ίν\ 8ΐησηνηι, π[ιιρά] be των μηννσόντω[ν^ τοΊς ΐχ^θ]ρ[ο]ϊς άξιονν 8ανίίζ^(^σ-θαι. 
κα\ί\τοι ττΓώί] ΐΐκος τα μ(ν (μα (\τΐψοις συν(Κ^'ώ\οσθαι, ανλτω δι παρ' ίτε'ρωι/ δ[α]•'ίί^6σ6[αι] ; ως δ' 
ου , Γ. .Iros ηζ\ίω^σ](\' αυτω μ . .1 oirros παρ' (Τΐρου δαρ^€ί\ζ(σθαι peya νμμ\ν τ(κμήριον ΐρώ. olrf] γαρ 

\('\χο\ρ\ήγ(ί άνδρά^σ-ι [els Αι^ονΰσια πα[ ;(ΐ]λ[ηαί δραχ^μάς .... μι\σθ6ν δύΚυ^σΐ ... (Ι. 33^) 

προς μέν ουν τ[ό παρ ίλτίρίοψ φάσκ(ίν ίΐΐ^λτ^φί'ι/α]: τηντα λέγω" αν [^e ] . οντος apyvpUov .... 

ί^ιμας τον θ(όΙμνηστον evTlevOev χρη [e'^eTcifetf ? πω]? elKOi eariv η\_ ]? αργυρίου ττίίρΊιιδΓβΐΐ'Ι 

έΓαυΙτοί' eh τον (σχα\^ον\ κίνδ\^υ'^νον (λθόντα κο[ί τo^τavτηv [δ]'•ναμιν (πι\_δ^Ίξαι τοις 4χθροΊς ; κα\ {τις) 
ουτΓω] σφόδρα e^feVpeTre ttj \τ]ΰχη, el [<]α' r[i] (ξαίφνης [ejirn^ef, ωστ( πep\ το σώμα άμα kcu τον 
βίον άνα•γ\κασθ\ηναι παθ('ίν ίίί τοχιτ\ο πργ\ηκο^ντα el eSv [ό] ΐ7Λί[οί] νπίρημψον οντ\ος ', icjat [τί]? ούτως 
ανόητος οστίιλς [av]rcii' παρασκ(υάζ(τ\αι ΰπο το'ις e;([^jpoti γενέσθαι J [^ rjt; όντως άφρων όστις . . . 

*. . . As he was my associate, I gave Theomnestus 30 minae, when he was obliged to 
pay a penalty to Theozotides before sunset or else become liable for default. Having given 
him the money naturally w^ithout witnesses and being defrauded of it, I am compelled to go 
to law. Theomnestus previously was my friend and associate, but now at the persuasion 
of my enemies this is how he acts, and he would have dared to do anything else against me. 
Before this quarrel between us arose, I neither troubled him nor demanded back the 
money . . . (1. 295) He must, if he has not had the money from me, make one of two 
pleas, either that he has received it from some one else, or that he himself paid Theozotides 
in full. If on the one hand he is going to assert that he received it from some one else, . . . 
(1. 315) ... he hesitated to ask from me who was aware of his straits (?), but thought fit to 
borrow from persons who were going to inform his enemies. Is it, however, probable that 
my money should be lent out (?) to others, and that he should borrow from others than 
myself.? To show that he did not think fit ... to borrow from some one else, I will pro- 
duce an important piece of evidence. When he was providing a men's chorus at the 
Dionysiac festival, ... (1. 338) With regard then to the assertion that he received the money 
from some one else, that is my answer. But if (he paid from) the money which he had 
by him, you must put these questions to Theomnestus. Is it likely that he would have 
overlooked the extreme danger which he incurred and put so much power into his enemies' 
hands ? Who ever had such exxessive trust in fortune, even if suddenly he became possessed, 
that he Avas obliged to endanger his body and life as λυ^Ι, having come to this pass if the 
sun set leaving him a defaulter.? Who is so senseless as to place himself at the mercy 
of his enemies, or who is so foolish as to . . .' 

3. συκίοφανίτ : cf. xii. 5 eVeiSi) δ οι τριάκοντα πονηρο\ pev κα\ συκοφάνται οντες εΙς την άρχην 

κατέστησαν, to which 11. 2-4 w'ere probably similar. 

5. ούτος means Lysias, as apparently throughout the fragments of this speech ; cf. 
11. 43, 81, 144, 225. His opponents are spoken of as οντοι in 11. 32 and 229, while τούτων 
in 1. 140 refers to both Lysias and Hippotherses. The letter following οντος can be 
γ, t, or π. 

8. [Πολεμαρχον is rather long for the lacuna, but seems necessary; cf. the next n. and 
xii. 17 sqq. 

9-10. την [ονσια^ν αφειλοντο : cf 11. 29, 162, and Plut. Vii. Lys. 835 e των τριάκοντα 
παράΚαβόντων την πάλιν εξεπεσεν . . . αφαιρεθείς την ουσ'ιαν κα\ τον άδελφον ΤΙόλεμαρχον. \οικια^ν 

could be read both here and in 1. 29 (cf. 1. 44), but is unsuitable; for Lysias with his brother 
owned three houses (xii. 18), and the price mentioned in 1. 30, which must be not less than 
30 and seems to be 70 talents, is too high for a single house; cf. xix. 29, where a house 
costs 50 minae, and xix. 42, where a house and land cost 5 talents. A list of Lysias' losses, 
given in xii. 19, includes 700 shields, 120 slaves, money, clothes, and furniture. 



1606. LYSIAS 69" 

II. (νΏίψαια: according to xii. 17 Lysias went to Megara from Athens, and Plut. 
op. cit. 835 f states δι^γί^ eV Meyapoiy. The Piraeus is mentioned here as being the head- 
quarters of the exiles after its capture by Thrasybulus. One of the houses of Lysias and 
his brother was there; cf. Plato, Rep. 327 a. 

II— 12. r]^i}^v'. cf. 1. 78• 

12-13. απ[οφ6|ρ]£σ^αί : or αν\ακομι\ζ\^6αι ; cf. κ{ομιζ^σΥαι in 1. 1 6. _ αγ.[ or oi.[ COuld also 

be read, and the verb may be intransitive; but possibly τα ^αντον, which in 1. .i6 has a line 
above it, was added in the margin of 11. 12-13. 

16-17. κ\ομιζίσ\θαι•. cf. 1. 43 and 12-13, n. The omission of ra εαυτού here is no 
improvement, unless the words had been inserted in the margin of 11. 12-13. 

17-18. Neither Nicostratus nor Xenoc[les] is known from other sources. 

20. ασπ<[δ: Lysias had a shield-manufacturing business; cf xii. 19 and Plut. op. cit. 
835 f, quoted in 11. 163-71, n. 

29. ουσ\.αν'. cf. 11. 9-IO, n. ουσιαν . . . σ]υ\\ληφ[β(ΐσαν αξ]ιαν \ δε is possible. 

30. €βΒ[ομηκο]υτα : the first letter might be σ or ω, and the traces of the second and 
third are very doubtful, but unless there was another word before the number, φ8[ομηκο]ΐ'τα 
is preferable to e. g. (ξ [και τρίακο]ντα. 

31. [απ(δο]υτο is far from certain, especially since ι or ω can be read m place of κ, so 
that the subject might be singular. If [απ€8ο]ντο is right, the subject seems to be the Thirty 
Tyrants as contrasted with ovrm in 1. 32, which refers to Hippotherses and his associates. 

32. αφ[ανισ]αί•. i, c. ίξαργυρίσαι : cf. the contrast between άφανψ and φανερά ουσία in the 
fragment of this speech quoted on p. 48. 

35-6. Cf 1. 163. 

38-44. For oiro, meaning Lysias cf. 1. 5, n. The context does not suit the reference 
of olros to Hippotherses, though there may be only a short gap between 11. 48 and 76 ; cf. 

47. This line seems to be corrupt, though a[.] (but not α[ντ\ or any other letter than 
a[) can be read in place of i[e]. A dittography of av δε is the simplest hypothesis, buc there 
may well be an omission of μη before απο3ω[σ]£, and possibly [ω\ν δε αν {μη) αττοδω[(τ]ι should 

be read. 

48. The letter before pa can be s, but φαν]€ρα is possible ; cf. int. p. 48. 

83. [6]νρηκοτος suits the spacc better than [η]νρηκοτο5 : in 1. 153 the spelling of »?vSa]i^omre 
is uncertain. 

86. [χαλε]π•ωί φ€ροντοί : cf. xix. 50. 

89. ]υλον: o]v του is less suitable, and ΐβρωρ]νμου (cf. Lys. Fr. 123 quoted on p. 48) is 

inadmissible. r ^ ^ u 

92-3. Σωσιο[8ην}•. Σωσία (genitive) or Έωσια\νακτα is possible; but ct. ir. 64, where 

αναισχνν[τος Σωσ]ια8η5 Can be restored in 11. 736-7• παραλαβωι/ [τον αναισχνν]τον Σωσια[8η. 

could even be read here. Fr. 75, where Σω]σιαδη[ is not unlikely in 1. 781, may also refer 

to this person. ir i 1 

93-4. 8α]ν€ΐστην should perhaps be restored in 1. 93, but Ji- ευ την η\[μ(ραν την\ συγκει^ε,- 

[νην is possible. 

102. This line is in the same position in the column as.l. 92. 

1 13-18. Cf XXxiv. II beimu yap av Λη, ω {avbpes) Αθηναίοι, el ore μέν εφευγομει/ (μαχόμ(βα 
Αακί8αιμονίοΐί Ίνα κατί\6ωμ(ν, κατίΚθόντ^ς δε φίυξόμίθα 'ίνα μη μαχώμίθα. 

ιΐ9• [οργιζοι\σθί : cf xii. 30, 80, 90• With tois €ωνημ([νοι]« τα νμ€Τ€ρα cf. U. 510-11• 

124-5• Perhaps ί|[πείτα. . , 

12 7-8. Tas συ]νθη[κας τε και to]us νομουί could be read, but IS contrary to Lysias use 

of Γε. Tais (or των) σν]νθη[καις (or -κων) κατά το]υς νομούς is more likely. 

129. ακη]κοατ€: i.e. in 11. 38 sqq. probably. 



ηο THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

129-35. Either η\ in 1. 129 or . .]as• in 1. 130 is likely to belong to ημάς, which is 
expected about this point, being perhaps contrasted with τ\ου\/\ avTihi[Kovs in 11. 133-4. If 
there was a pause after αντώί[κονς, the next sentence may have begun ημ\ίΐ5 \τοινυν\ υμιν. In 
view of the stop, however, at the end of 1. 132, t\ov[s\ αντώι[κου5 may be connected with what 
follows, and mean both parties to the suit, not Lysias' adversaries, νμιν in 1. 134 clearly 

goes with (■πιτρ€ττί\μΐν : cf Plato, ApoL 35 d ίμίν €πιτρίπω . . . κρίναι. There is room for [be TTfpi\ 

before τοντων in 1. 135, but -rrepi τούτων occurs shortly after in 1. 140. 

iqn. [κρίσιν]: cf. XXV. ID ούτως yap av δικαιοτάτην (την) κρίσιν nepl αυτών ττοιοΊσθΐ. For 

[■^νωμην] there is not room, irepi τον would be expected before πράγματος, but since nepi 
Tourwfoccurs in the next line, the sentence would be improved by the omission of πραγ/ιατοϊ. 
141. There seems to have been an omission of τΐ at the beginning of this hne, as in 
1 115• 

144—5. Cf. XXV. 17 δστις yap τότ€ ovbev εξημαρτον , . ., η που νΰν σφό8ρα προβυμησομαι. 

χρηστός elvai. 8ο[ξας or 8ο[κων seems to be inevitable, for the letter before ο is more like δ 
than λ, which is the only alternative. 

148. [προσηκ^)ντ : OT [συμφΐρρντ. 

149. It is not certain that the space (the width of a letter) between ηι and οτ[ι] was 
blank, the surface of the papyrus being damaged. Whether μ€ν had a Se answering to it is 
not clear, and perhaps μ€ν\[τοι should be read. 

150. ν]μιν: or η^ίν. 

155-6. Cf. xii. 43 eVetS?) Se η ναυμαχία κα\ ή συμφορά τη ττόλει eyeceTO. 

157-9• C^• ^^^• 2° °^^^ ""'''" '"" ίλόχ'στοί' μέρος τψ ουσίας (λίου . . . ετυγχάνομ^ν, XU. 22 
μ€την yap αν κα\ (μο\ τούτου τάγαθον ουκ ελάχιστον μέρος, and especially XviU. 2 των μεν κακών ουκ 

ελάχιστον αυτός μετεσχε μέρος. The ν οΐ ]υσεν in*l. 1 59 is fairly certain. A verb meaning 
' avoided ' is expected, but εφ^υγεν cannot be read. 
160-2. Cf. 11. 8-10, nn. 

163-71. Cf. Plut. op. cit. 8'^ζΐ επιθεμενων 8ε των από Φυλής τη καθόδψ, επε\ χρησιμότατος 
απάντων ωφβη, χρήματα τε παράσχων δραχμας δισχιλίας και ασπίδας διακοσίας πεμφθείς τε συν 
'Έρμάνι επικούρους εμισθώσατο τριακόσιους, δύο τ έπεισε τάλαντα δοϋναι θρασυδαΐον τον 'HXetoi/, ξένον 

αύτω (better αΙτω) γεγονότα, which is clearly based upon the present passage, not, as 

BlaSS {op. cit. p. 339) supposed, upon the speech περ\ τών Ιδίων ευεργεσιών (cf. 11. Ι77~9 ^■)• 

Α shorter verb than εμισθώσατο seems to have occurred in 1. 165, though cf. xii. 59 επικούρους 
μισθούσθαι. With the spelling τ[ε]ληι in 11. 1 70-1 cf. αναγκηι as the nominative in 11. 18 1-2. 

173. παρ νμιν: the traces oft are very slight, but there is not room for υμών, which is 
what Lysias probably wrote (cf. 11. 216-19, n.), though later writers, e.g. Dio Cass. Exc. 
p. 66. 34, often use the dative with παρά in place of the genitive. 

177-9. The speech προς Ίπποθερσην y/as probably delivered before that περ\ τών Ιδίων 
ευεργεσιών, of which the contents and date are unknown. 

178. α[ν\αμνημισκων: for μνημίσκειν, which appears as a form of μιμνησκειν in the Roman 
period, but is' not likely to have been used by Lysias himself, cf. Porphyr. VzL Plotini 13 εν 

δέ τισι λεξεσιν αμαρτάνων, ου γαρ αν ειπεν άναμιμνησκεται άλλα άναμνημίσκεται, and Ρ. Hamburg 

37. 4 (2nd cent.) μνημίσκεσθαι, quoted by W. Schmid in Ber/. Phil. Woch. 1914• 1568. 

184. επι μεν των τετρα[κο σιων : \. e. at the fall of the Four Hundred, when several of the 
leaders escaped to Decelea; cf. Thuc. viii. 98. 

1 9 1-4. That two originally separate fragments, one attributed to the middles of 
11. 192-3, the other (Fr. 80) to the ends of 11. 191-4, are correctly placed admits of little 
doubt. 

194-7. The general sense is that Hippotherses took more pride in the destruction than 

in the building of the walls; cf. xii. 63 καίτοι σφόδρ αν αυτόν οΐμαι μετά Θεμιστοκλέους πολιτευό- 
μενον προσποιεΐσθαι πράττειν δπως οίκοδομηθήσεται τα τείχη, οπότε και μετά Θηραμένους δπως 



1606. L YSIAS 71 

καθαιρ^βήσίται, and xiv. 39 η των ηιχων καθτιρημίνων ayavaicrei. The first letter of μ[ίΐο]ι/ is, 

however, very uncertain, y, η, ι, κ, ν, π, or τ being equally possible. οτ[ι. ο\μ[οιο]ν could be 
read instead of οτ[ι] μ[(ΐο\ν, with km instead of η in 1. 196 (which as it stands is rather short) ; 
but this does not combine well with ουδ ομ[ο]ιαί ελπίδα? in 1. 198. των τΐίχων κτλ. seems to 
be a genitive absolute. 

201. ωι/ : The first letter can be η, ι, or ω, but hardly v. 

203. μeτaμeλη[σa^v : cf. the usc of the present participle absolutely in Isocr. 382 c and 
Plato, Phaedo 114 a. 

207. €φγα[σ]α[το : ζψ^α\σ\\αι is inadmissible. The next word may have been κακά. 

212—13• Perhaps ■τ:ίν\ττ]κοντα τάλαντων. 

216-19. Though the remains are scanty, the general sense is fairly clear; but in 1. 217 
^av\ would be expected to end the line, and there is certainly not room for both etv and tv 
after it. ίννσ\ιαν cannot be read. For χαμιν\ τταρα του [^ημον αττολαμ]8αν[βίν cf. 1. 172 and 

XX. 30 Χ^Ρ'" ΤΓίφ' υμών απολάμβαναν. 

230. The cancelling of ττβρι is supported by χ. 2 σνγγνώμην αν ΐίχον αΙτω των ΐϊρημίνων Ι 
but cf. ix. 22 νπίρ των περιφανών αδικημάτων σνγγνώμην ποίίΐσθί, and xix. ^6 περί δε του πατρός 
. . . σνγγνώμην έχετε• 

239-46• [δφ ro[v] λο[γου τοι^του is Unsatisfactory, for the slight traces after το[ν] do not 
suit λο, and if the letter preceding ]rov were v, the tail of it would rather be expected to be 
visible.' [8i]n το[ν]του\[τον λο]γον is also unsuitable, and since this speech is for the prosecution 
it is not likely to have begun with a reference to a speech by the defendant• [δι]α το[υ] 
αγ[ω\νος τον]του is possible, but we have not been able to restore the whole passage satis- 
factorily• [(φηκί]ναι could be read in 1. 242, but like λο]γον is not appropriate, and 8ίί[θηκ(]ν 
in 11• 242-3 is rather short• With ίπ]ιτροπονί and ονσιαν in 11• 244-5 eft H• 267-8• The 
vestige of a letter at the end of 1. 244 suggests ε, i, or v. κεΐ[λευει α]λλα is too long• 

249• θ](ο8οτι8ηι: cf. 1. 300. He is not likely to be the same person as the θευζστίΒηε 
against whom lix was directed, for the fragments of that speech in P• Hibeh 14 are 
concerned with a γραφή παρανόμων on account of Th.'s proposals to alter the pay of soldiers 
and arrangements for benefiting orphans• Nor is he to be identified with the θΐοζοτίδης 
χορηγός τραγω8ών mentioned by Dem, xxi. 59. With regard to the spelling, θ^οζοτίΒης is the 
only form recognized in the Prosopogr. Ait. ; but θεοσδοτίδι^ί or θΐοδοτίδης is commonly 
found in Byzantine MSS. 

266. . . •]ν : or επε](. 

267-8. Cf• 11• 244-5• 

269. The letter preceding το may be t or ω. 

270. ]ai can be read in place of ]f. 

271. Perhaps το]τ^, unless ο]τ€ was written twice by mistake, ye is the only alternative 

to τε. 

272. avev μ^αρτνρων : cf. 1. 252. 

275. ποιο^υμΐνος : η, ι, or ω Can be read instead of v. 

276. Cf. Xii. 35 η που σφάς αυτούς ήγησονται π^ρύργους νπίρ υμών τηρουμίνους. 
293~4• Probably απαιτη'\σΐως ΟΓ αποδο]σεω5•. 

294-5• αν[τιλε]γει cannot be read without altering the text, though it is the word 
expected. 

297. δνοιν θατ\(ρον•. cf• vi. 8, xii. 34• 

302—3• Possibly \ΐΐληφ(\ναι ου]κ απ[. 

312. The letter before τοκον might be ω, but is apparently not v. 

317-18. o\kv[€lv] δεηθηναι: cf. 1. 335, where these words seem to recur. But the is 
lower in the line than would be expected and there might be one or two letters lost after it. 
The letter following κ, if not v, is μ. 



72 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



320. The ίχθροί are those of Theomnestus (cf. 1. 349), not those of the plaintiff (1. 258). 

322. The V of μ€ν is corrected from μ. 

325—6. Possibly ουκ [avjroi: ονχ [ov\tos is not a satisfactory reading. The last three 
letters of αυτωι are very doubtful, but the following μ is nearly certain, so that ■n[ap\ovTos 
and ([ξ\οντος are excluded. 

3^0—2. Cf. xxi. 2 fTi δ' αι/δράσι χορηγών eis Αιοννσια . . . (νίκησα και άνηΧωσα σνν rfj τον 
τρίποδος άναθίαΐΐ π(ντακι.σχιλίας 8ραχμάς. αλ\\Κας δραχ[μας COuld be read. 

333 a-41• That Frs. 45 and 73 join together and are to be placed near the beginnings 
of these lines was ascertained after they had been printed in the miscellaneous section. 

335. Cf 11. 317-18, n. δε ί[ could be read. Κ 8(η[θηναι is right, the next word may be 

Τθ]|τ€. 

337• Cf. 11. 246 and 256-7. 
338-40. Cf. 11. 298-300. 

344-5. The word or words before apyvpiov may well have ended ον\το]ς, corresponding 
to 11. 340-1. ν\παρχον\το]ί is inadmissible. 

348. ίπι[δ]€ΐξαι : or επι[.]ηξαι, which suggests no suitable word, though €πι[δ]ηξαι may 
have been written for em[8]e4ai, as perhaps in 1. 738. [d]vvapiv is also difficult, but the ν of 
[b]vv is almost certain. 

349. ThatTty has been omitted before ουτ[ω] is clear from 11. 356-7. For οντ[ω] σφοδρά 
cf. 11. 418-19. 

350. Cf. ii. 79 ovK ΐττιτρ(ψαντ€ί rrept αυτών ttj τΰχη. 

351-6. As the text stands, there is no construction for the infinitive αναγ\κασθ\ηναι in 
1. 353 and no verb for ωστ6 in 1. 355. The simplest course is to transpose ώστε to I. 352 
after [ej-a^ev, but the corruption may go deeper ; e. g. ώστε et fbv [o] »;Xt[os] υηερημίρον οντ[ος 
may be transferred to 1. 352, or ώστε may be inserted there and a verb added for the second 

ωστ€. For et? τοντ[ο πρ]ο[ηκο]ντα cf. Dem. XXviii. 5. 
362-3. Perhaps ν\[μων or (ο)ν\[τωί. 

367. Fr. 13 is perhaps to be placed immediately above Fr. 8, so that the stroke visible 
under the μ of ]ομαι in 1. 437 represents the stroke lost above [ey in 1. 367. 
370-2. These lines apparently began more to the left than 11. 368-9. 

o'j'j—So. Cf. XXxi. 14 ώί ovv ωκίΐ re ϊνΏρωπω . . . άκονσατί τών μαρτύρων, μάρτυρας. Here 

the mention of μάρτυρες comes first. 

387. την'\ vavv: cf. 1. 369. 

389. προς 1 . νλιον: ΟΓ pOSSibly ] . νλην or ] . . aiov or ] . . vov. προς Άρμόδιον, π. Άρχϊνον, and 

7Γ, XvTphov are titles of lost speeches of Lysias ; but Αρ]μοδιον cannot be read, and the speech 
π. ^ΑρχΙνον was concerned with Lysias' citizenship, which is clearly foreign to the subject of 
Frs. 8-9. Of the speech π. Xvrplvov only one fragment is extant, \yhich is concerned with 
an assault, and the vestiges do not suit Xv]rpivov. Fr. 20 possibly belongs to this line ; but 
cf. int. pp. 48-9. 

397. Possibly Αν[σιας in some form ; but cf. int. p. 48. 

410. There was perhaps a blank space after άΚλα, indicating the end of a line. 

416. It is not certain whether a letter has been obliterated after οντά, or there was 
a blank space before the vestige of the next letter, which might be a, i. e. αδ<κα i[ or α δικαι[. 
ω δίκασ[ται could be read, but Lysias regularly uses ώ ανδρΐς δίκασταί. 

418-20. Cf. 11. 349 sqq. It is, however, unlikely that Fr. 11 belongs to the speech 
against Theomnestus. 

436-8. Cf. 1. 367, n. 

440-1. ε0α][σκε: Fr. 16, in which 1. 449 ends ]εφα, may well belong to the ends of 
1. 440 and the two preceding lines. 

447-9. Cf. the previous n. 



1606. LYSIAS 73 

456. Possibly, but not very probably, κατά Β(ομνησ\τον : cf. int. p. 48. The two 
extant orations κ. θΐομν. are distinguished as a and 0. There is a blank space above and 
below ]rov. 

457. Cf. 1. 389, n. There is a blank space above προΓ [, but the lower margin is 
broken away. 

458. The blank spaces above and below this line indicate a title. 'Yn-ep Φανίον παρα- 
νόμων was the title of a speech of Lysias according to Athenaeus xii. 551 d, who quotes 
a long extract from an invective against Cinesias, a writer of dithyrambs and comedies, this 
being one of the two speeches np6s Κινησίαν mentioned by Harpocration. The speech κατά 
θίοζοτ18υν was also concerned with παρανόμων (cf. 1. 249, n.), and Blass {op. cit. p. 350) 
assigns five other speeches to the same category. But none of the other miscellaneous 
fragments of 1606 suggests any of these speeches as its source. 

459-60. Possibly a letter is lost before απ€£[. There is a space below 1. 460, but none 
between 11. 459-60, such as is found elsewhere between the last line of a speech and the 
title ; possibly therefore 7Γροσ[.] . [ is a heading like μάρτνρ€ς, and not a title. The vestige 
of a letter would suit γ, η, «, κ, μ, ν, π, τ, or ν, and the lacuna between it and προ5, if not 
blank, is likely to have contained o, since any other letter ought to have left visible traces. 
No speech of Lysias προς o[. . . is known, and there is no reason to connect this fragment 

with the title of civ π^ρΐ τη: ^Ονομακλΐους θυγατρόί. 

468-83 It is not at all certain that Fr. 24 comes from a point near the beginnings of 
lines; cf. 1. 483, n. 

472-4. Cf. xii. 77 πολλά? πίστεις αυτοΊς έργω δεδωκώί, and 1. 7 1 6, where πισ[τις perhaps 

recurs. 

481. Apparently not 8η[\ονοτι. 

483. ]ηρ€ν κα\ον[ : ΟΓ ]ηρ (νκαΚον[μΐν : in which case ]ηρ is probably not the beginning of 
a line. 

490. σωτ[: Σωσ[ίαδ7^ι (cf. 11. 92-3, η.) is inadmissible. 

493. βίβα[ι: cf. 1. 602 β]φαιοι and Lys. Fr. 310 (from Harpocration) βίβαιώσ^ως Βίκης 

ονομά ΐστιν ην δικάζονται οΊ ύνησάμΐνοί τι τω άπο8υμίνω, αν eTepos μίν άμφισβητη τον πραθΐντος, 6 oe 
μη βέβαιοι. iv'ioTe κα\ αρραβώνας μόνου δοθίντος (Ίτα άμφισβητησαντός του eXayxavf την της βφαιώ- 
σεως δίκην 6 τον αρραβώνα 8ούς τω λαβόντι. Ανσίας iv δυσΧ \ό•γοις. αμή>\ισβητγ OCCUrs in 1. 604 

and αμφι]σβητ(ΐ in 1. 547, so that all three Frs. 25, 31, and 39 may have come from one of 
the two speeches to which Harpocration was referring. In any case they probably belong 
to an oration different from those against Hippotherses and Theomnestus; cf. int. The colour 
of Frs. 31 and 39 suggests that they are to be placed near each other. 

496. te . [: Ϊ€ρ[ωνυμος (cf. Lysias Fr. 123 and p. 48) might be restored, but cf. the 
previous n. 

506-11. Cf. 11. 118-20 καιτο[ι] δικαίως αν [οργιζοι]σθ€ τοις €ωνημ€[νοι]ς τα vpsTfpa and 
XXxi. 33 MOJ/os δη . . . δικαίως ονδ' αν άγανακτοίη μη τυχών. Fr. 26 may Well belong tO the Spcech 

προς Ίπποθίρσην, but the proposed restoration of 11. 506-7 makes those lines shorter than 
usual by one or two letters, and en-t των πατ[ριων seems to be a mistake for em τοις πατ[ριοις : 

cf. i. I eVt rots ■γ€γ(νημίροις άγανακτοίη. 

520-9. Fr. 28 probably joins Fr. 29 ; cf. the next n. 

530-5• That Frs. 29 and 30, both from the bottoms of columns, join, as indicated in 
the text, admits of hardly any doubt; the position assigned to Fr. 28. 524-9 at the 
beginnings of these lines is attractive, but not certain. A new sentence begins in 1. 533 
with αποδΐΐ\, and αποδίΐ\ξω [τ]οιν[υν α]υτον would be expected ; but the traces of the letter 
following I suggest no other vowel than a, and αποδΐΐξα[ι or αποδ€ΐξα[ς is difficult to construct. 
The ο of ot . in 1. 534 is nearly certain, but the next letter might be ν and the third is quite 
doubtful. 



74 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

536. The left-hand part of the τ of τα is missing, and there is no external evidence for 
τ being the first letter of the line. There is certainly not room for α \av α\υτω. 

527-8. φΐροιτο [τ\ψ I [χαρϊ\ν is possible. Frs. 28-30 might belong to the speech npbs 
Ίπποθίρσηΐ' : cf. 11. 1 7 1— 3. 

539-48. Cf. 1. 493, n. It is tempting to place Fr. 53 to the left of Fr. 31, so that the 
tip of the σ of ]μφ(σ[ in 1. 696 would belong to the bottom of the σ of ]σ-βητΐΐ in 1. 547. The 
fibres suit well enough, though the two fragments would still not actually join each other. 

Lines 544-7 would then run [. . , .]ai . [. . π]ολλα ημαρ\[τ . . . .]λ€ΐ (or ]α ei) Tis σοι (or τισι 

οι) μη8(ν I [. . • . κ]αθηκων φροντι\[. . . . η]βφΐσβητΐΐ τωι, which remains obscure. 

554• The letter following f[iyev seems to begin with a vertical stroke and not to be f. 

559. Β]ιαγομ€νος : the middle of this verb is used by Plato, but not elsewhere by Lysias. 
^αγομ^νοί can be read. 

601-6. Cf. 1. 493, n. 

641-7. It is not certain that Fr. 44 belongs to 1606. 

648-53. Cf. 11. 333a-4i, n. 

693-7. Cf. 11. 539-48, n. 

716. Cf. 11. 472-4, n. 

725. ττλο υσ<ωτα[τ : cf. 11. 153— 4. 

735• Ί-^ηξαι : the η is clear, but €π\ώ(ΐξαι may be meant ; cf 1. 348, n. 

736-7. For αναισχνρ[τος Σωσ\αδης cf. 11. 92-3, η. But LysiaS made speeches προς 

Άλκιβιά^ην and προς \\ρχ(βιάδην, and either of these two names can equally well be supplied. 
773-6. Cf. 11. 333a-4i, n. 

781. For Σωνίαδί;[ cf. 11. 92-3, n. 

785. Perhaps θΐο\μνηστοί or θΐο[ζοτιδηί (cf. 1. 249, n.). 

801-4. Cf. 11. 1 9 1-4, n. 

809-12. Whether this fragment belongs to 1606 is doubtful. There is no other 
instance of a coronis in the papyrus. 

829. ]ai ο Av[aias Can be read, in which case Fr. 87 would belong to the speech προς 
'λπποθίρσην. 

858-9. Fr. 128 is probably to be placed to the left of Fr. 97 with a slight gap between 
them, in which case the combined reading is ]και/ ττοτε ίπ(\_ and ω α\ν8ρ(ς 8ικα\σται. 

865. Possibly λαι ο Α[υσιας ; cf. 1. 829, η. 
869. Possiblv ' Ανσ[ιας; cf. 1. 829, η. 
934-5• Cf. 11. 858-9, η. 

1607. Hyperides (?), For Lycophron. 

Height 27-5 cm. Late second or early third century, 
Plate III (Frs. 5 + 4). 

These fragments of a lost oration, found with 1606, were originally more than 
60 in number, but have been reduced by a quarter through combinations. At 
least ten columns are represented, the longest fragment (i) containing parts 
of three with some continuous passages ; but of the other pieces only Fr. 5 is of 
much value, and not more than about 100 lines in all can be restored. The order 
of the fragments is uncertain ; but the similarity in colour and texture of Frs. 2- 
la suggests that they are to be placed near each other, and suitable positions have 



1607. HYPERIDESQ), FOR LYCOPHRON 75 

been found for Frs. 3 and 4 in combination with Frs. 2. ii and 5 respectively. That 
Fr. 14 belongs to Fr. 3. ii is far from certain (cf. 11. 159-62, n.), for Frs. 13-20 form 
another group, differing from the rest in colour. The handwriting is an upright, 
rather irregular uncial of the late second or early third century, the letters being 
as a rule somewhat widely separated. The script sometimes, e.g. in Frs. 13-20, 
tends to become more compact ; but there seems to be no change of hand. There 
were 39-40 lines in a column, and 11-18 letters, usually 13-15, in a line. The 
common > -shaped sign is used for filling up short lines, being duplicated in 1. 87. 
Iota adscript was written. High stops were employed, these sometimes approxi- 
mating to the middle position, but probably without any intentional distinction. 
All these, together with occasional diaereses over t and v, a mark of elision 
in 1. 230, and an accent in 1. 455, are due to the original scribe, as are certainly most 
of the corrections ; but the alterations in 11. 15, 71, 93, and 434 were possibly made 
by a different person. 

The oration was evidently in defence of a certain Lycophron, who is men- 
tioned several times by name (11. 38, 106, 160?, and 387), but elsewhere is usually 
called ovtos. He was accused of adultery with a woman whose husband was ill 
(11. 180-8), the main subject of Fr. i being a denial of the charge that Lycophron 
had dug a hole in the wall which divided his house from hers. It is also 
evident that this person is identical with the Lycophron defended by Hyperides 
in an oration of which a few fragments from the beginning and the whole of the 
concluding portion are extant in P. Brit. Mus. 115. That speech was similarly 
concerned with an accusation against Lycophron of adultery with an unnamed 
woman whose husband was in a dying condition ; her brother Dioxippus, a 
distinguished athlete (Hyperid. Lycophr. § 5), is obviously identical with the 
Dioxippus of 1607. 385, and the Theomnestus alluded to in 1607. 219 as one of 
the chief witnesses for the prosecution is no doubt the same as the accuser 
Theomnestus who is bitterly attacked in Lycophr. § 3, while there is probably 
a reference in 1607. 383 to Charippus, the second husband of the woman 
in question {Lycophr. § 3). Since the British Museum oration was composed for 
delivery by the defendant himself, who speaks in the first person, 1607, in which 
Lycophron is mentioned in the third person, cannot belong to the missing part of 
it, though it must have covered the same ground. The Oxyrhynchus fragments 
therefore belong to another speech delivered in connexion with this cause celkbre 
of about 340 B. c. 

From the British Museum papyrus it is known that the proceedings against 
Lycophron took the form of an daayyikla, which in the first instance was brought 
before the δ^μ,ο? by the famous orator Lycurgus in the absence of Lycophron 
from Athens on military service at Lemnos. In the fifth and the earlier half of 



76 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

the fourth century B. C, etVayyeAtat brought before the bημos, either directly or 
through the agency of the βονλη, were usually tried by the whole bij^os, as e. g. in 
388 in the case of Ergocles, against whom a speech of Lysias is extant ; but after 
361 the normal practice, as illustrated chiefly by the orations of Hyperides for 
Lycophron and Euxenippus and that of Lycurgus against Leocrates, seems to 
have been to refer such cases to a court of dicasts ; cf. Lipsius, Attisches Recht, 
i. 176 sqq. Lycurgus is known from quotations to have composed two speeches 
against Lycophron, and it is generally supposed that one of these was delivered by 
himself before the whole δ^μο^, while the other was written for delivery before the 
dicasts by the chief plaintiff, a certain Ariston, this being the speech to which Hy- 
perides' oration for Lycophron was the reply (Blass, Att. Beredsamkeit, iii. 59). The 
line of argument adopted in 1607 renders it impossible to regard the speech as the 
Avork of Lycurgus, and there is some a priori probability that the author of it was 
Hyperides. This orator was rather widely read in Egypt, for six of his speeches 
are preserved more or less completely in four papyri from that country (682, 
a fragment of a lost oration, may also belong to him), whereas, of his con- 
temporaries other than Lycurgus, Demades and Dinarchus are not represented 
in papyri, and neither Aeschines, who according to Pseudo-Plutarch 840 e wrote 
only four speeches, nor Demosthenes, whose orations are nearly all extant, 
is suitable as the author of 1607. Like Lycurgus, Hyperides may well have 
taken part in the proceedings before the bημos concerning Lycophron in addition 
to the subsequent trial before the dicasts ; but the employment of the phrase 
ω avbpes δικασται in 1607. 221-2, not ω avbpes 'Αθηναίου as in Lysias' speech against 
Ergocles, is irreconcilable with the hypothesis that the bημos as a whole was being 
addressed. Lycurgus in his oration against Leocrates uses ω avbp^s, ω ^Αθηναίοι 
and ω avbpes biKaarai indiscriminately, but in a speech delivered before dicasts, and 
if Hyperides was the author of 1607 he must have written two orations for 
delivery at the same trial, one (the British Museum papyrus) spoken by Lyco- 
phron, the other (1607) spoken either by the author himself or by a third person. 
The British Museum oration concludes with an appeal from Lycophron to a certain 
Theophilus to speak on his behalf, and it is to this speech, also composed by 
Hyperides, rather than to a speech delivered by Hyperides in the first person, that 
we are disposed to attribute 1607. This hypothesis is distinctly supported by 
internal evidence. Hyperides was censured by several ancient critics, particularly 
Hermogenes, for carelessness in his choice of Ae^ets (cf. Blass, op. cit. iii. 25 sqq.), 
and 1607 has several not strictly Attic expressions, which seem to be taken from 
common life. Thus άττζίττασθαι with an accusative (1. 28) and τταρασιωτταν (1. 6g) 
are not attested before Polybius, nor is Ιγ^νηθη (1. 6•^, η.) with certainty before 
Philemon, σώμα in 11. 32 and 76 is used in a manner approximating to its third 



1607. HYPERIDESi'?), FOR LYCOPHRON 77 

century B.C. use as 'slave', and it is possible that δίαλίγ^σθαι in 1. 97 is used 
de conaibitti^ which would be exactly parallel to the rare use of bLaXeyeaOaL in the 
sense of ττλησίάζίΐν rais γυναιξί ascribed to Hyperides by Moeris, p. 195 (= Blass, 
Fr. 171). That quotation, together with two similar references in Pollux to 
Hyperides' use of 6teiAey^ei;os, is assigned by Blass to the oration Trepl Φρΰνηζ, but 
the Moeris quotation might even refer to the present passage. There are also 
several other agreements with Hyperides in points of diction; cf 11. 26, 71-3, 8a, 
86-8, 108, III, 128, 220-3, nn. 

Against the attribution of 1607 to Hyperides it may be urged that the 
British Museum papyrus has the title at the end (άττολογία virep Avκόφpovos) 
without the addition a or /3', and proceeds to the speech for Euxenippus, and the 
ancient references to the speech for Lycophron (four in Pollux, one in Anti- 
atticista in Bekker, Anecd. p. 97) do not mention more than one. But the British 
Museum papyrus contains only three selected orations, and since the quotations in 
Pollux and Antiatticista from the speech for Lycophron do not occur in it, they 
might even refer to 1607, not to that speech. If there were two speeches for 
Lycophron, sometimes distinguished as a and /3', the ignoring of that distinction 
by Pollux and Antiatticista would be no more remarkable than the failure of 
Harpocration in seven out of nine cases and of Suidas twice to state which of the 
two speeches of Lycurgus they meant by κατά Λυκόφρονο^. Moreover the title 
of 1607 may have been something different from inrep Ανκόφρονος β'. Accord- 
ing to Pseudo-Plutarch 849 d Hyperides composed 77 speeches, of which 52 
were genuine. The titles of nearly 70 are known, and none of these is at all 
suitable for identification with 1607, except possibly a speech which is vaguely 
described by Pollux as συνηγορικό^. But the scholiast on Aeschines, De falsa leg. 
§ 18, gives the number of Hyperides' orations as 170, and though the figures 
assigned by this scholiast to the speeches of the orators are in general less trust- 
worthy than those of Pseudo-Plutarch, and in some cases (e. g. in regard to Lysias 
and Isaeus) certainly corrupt, the figure 77 for Hyperides may well be too small, 
while, even if correct, it leaves a small balance of unknown speeches, of which 1607 
may have been one. That Athenian advocates sometimes composed two 
orations for delivery by different speakers at the same trial is known from the two 
extant orations of Lysias against Alcibiades, of which the second is not a reply 
by the speaker of the first, and is not parallel to the second speech of Demosthenes 
against Aphobus ; cf. Blass, <?/>. cit. i. 492. Though open to some difficulties, the 
view that 1607 passed in Egypt as the composition of Hyperides offers the most 
satisfactory explanation. Whether it was actually genuine is more doubtful, 
in view of Pseudo-Plutarch's rejection of one-third of the speeches assigned to 
Hyperides. While the first oration of Demosthenes against Stephanus is 



78 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



generally regarded as authentic, the second is not ; cf. Blass, op. cit. iii. 409 sqq., 
472-5. But against the hypothesis that 1607 is a later composition ascribed 
to Hyperides must be set the apparent mention in 11. %\%-io of two individuals, 
Anaschetus and Criton, who are known from an inscription of 340 B. c, the 
approximate date of the British Museum speech. 

We are indebted to Mr. Lobel and Dr. Hude for several good suggestions 
in the restoration of this papyrus. 



13 lines lost 
\τουτ6\ν 5i[o]/oy^ai τον 

15 [τοίχο]ι/ τη[^\ προ? τ[[ο]]ΐ' 

[ανθρ]ωπον ομ^ιλια? 

[€ve]K€v ονδαμω? 

[πίθ]αΐΌν ^στίν ovre 

γα[ρ] ω? (προς) τους προτ^ρον 
2θ αυτωί λειτουργούν 

τας και παν ο τι κελευ 

[οι] προθυμως νπομξ 

νοντας διηνεγθη 



Fr. Ι. Col. i. 

δεδηλωκξν ουθ ο 
25 TL γενομένης προς 
αυτόν αψιμαχ^ιας 
εκείνοι την χ^ρειαν 
[α]πειπαντο όθεν ο Λυ 
κοφρων επι το τον 
3θ τοΐ)^ον διορυξαι κα 
τηπ\ει•)(&\η μηκετι 
[των] σω[μ]ατων [• . .] 

[. . ο]μοιως τε[ 

5 or 6 lines lost 



of τταν corr. 



Fr. I. Col. ii (complete) 

40 [. . . .]σθαι ουκ αν διω 
[ρ]υζε τον τοιγον πο 
[θ]εν γαρ άνθρωπος 
[μ\ηδεν κατεπειγο 
[μ]ενος αλλ εγων την 

45 [ε]^ουσίαν και τα παρ ε 
κείνης ειδεναι και 
τα παρ αυτού Χεγειν 
[κ]αι τ[ους ? • •] • ους ο 
[ ] ποιεισθαι 

50 [ ] • 9*' ^7"? 

[ ]νων α . [.]αι 



Fr. 1. Col. iii (complete). 

απερ ούτοι π[ρουθεν ? 
8ο το• νυν δ εκ[ε]ιν[ο]ν μεν [ 

εωρων κα[θ] υπερβο 

λην ασθ[ε]νως δια 

κειμεν[ο]ν τ αυτή ν 

δε τ[ην τ]ης ο[ι]κιας 
85 μ[ε]λλουσαν κυριευ 

ε[ι]ν π[ο]λυ προ οψθαλ 

μων ανελαμβα 

νον μη παθόντος 

τι τούτου τιμωριαν 
ρο ϋποσγωσιν ων αν 



1607. HYPERWES {?), FOR LYCOPHRON 



79 



[ ] • ^^ ^τ^ί- •] • 

[ ^ντίύν τηλί 

κο[ντο9 ? ώ]ν ovSeno 

ζζ re [...... . .]ατο και 

T0[VT0£>L θν8€]τΓθΘ Ο 

Χρ\βμη^ ? την\ οίκιαι 
απ[€ίπ€ΐ^ ?] καί μην 
α8νν[ατό\ν ye ei^e»/ 

6ο ταξιν το τα9 θίρα 
Traivas αντη? προ9 
τούτον διαφζρξσθαΐ' 
τΐ9 [γ]αρ αν οντω? eye 
νηθη θρασαα ωστ€ 

6ζ η τα πάρα τούτου 
ρηθΐντα' ^α πάρα 
τούτου ρηθ^νταΆ 
η τα παρ ξΚΐΐνη? 
προΫ τούτον πα[ρα 

70 σιωπησαί τη9 iSia[s 

Ρ 
e^^ay [ev]€Ka' προ 

[x]f{[pos Se] r)v ο klv 

[δυνο^ e/ ? μ]€ν γαρ 

[ ]ν σνν 

75 [ >«ί/• 

[ λν τα σω 

[ματα ]υγην 

[ ]tT€LV 

92. 1. [ρ\ιορνχθηναί. 



τ€π[ρα]ξαν' ουκονν 
ουτ[€ δ]ί€ρυχ^θτ]ναί 

οι 

τον τ^ν^χ^ον νπο του 
του πιθανόν ουτ€ 
95 ^ΐύύθα καθαπ[€]ρ Ae[ 
yei ταίζ θ^ραπαιναι•: 
διαλξγ^σθαΐ' τ[ίνος 
γαρ eveK^v [τί ? προ? 
fTya/jT] αυτόν τ\αυτα^ 
TOO δί^ν^γ^θηναί e5ei ? 
ον φίλο[φρον€στ€ρον ? 
δη τη9 [δ^σποίνης ? 
προσφ€[ρομ€νη9 αυ 
τωΐ' eπ[ 



105 ΤΙ• "^^τ ^\. 

ο Λυκοφ[ρ<ον 

δοντο? [ 

και νη Δί\α 

κατ€φρον[ησ€ 

Ι ΙΟ re τον /xe[ 

ϋπ^λαβζ κ[αί 

τον δηλ[ ου 

δβποθ ϋπ[ 

και κατ€τ[ 

115 Λμφοτ€ρ[ ου 

δ€Τζρω[ 

ων συν[ 

95• Second α of καθαιτ\ΐ'\ρ corr. from ο. 



Col. i (top). 

1 18 [ ]i/ συνοί 

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Col. ii (top) + Frs. 3 and 14 ? 

{υ)μ€ΐς οι //[[. . . .]ου δικά 
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8ο THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

" . ωσιν ταγι/ω1[σ€ΐσ^[€ αλλ ?] €αν 



Ι30 



ΐ3δ 



140 



145 



] . vaei ye σ(οφρο^ν\ητ[ζ . . .] . [.] 

λωτατην μη μον[ον 

1 παρη μους αλ[λα και . . 

]μ€νηΐ' 165 νους [ 

τ]ουτο}/ νατ[ 

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σ]θαί 


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II letters ] . uv avTeyea\6aL . 

13 ,, ^ • ττω? πίθα\νον 

13 „ ^ . ei/ai τοι^ . [. 

II „ €κα 175 Τ'^'^''"^ ^°[• • • 



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δ[. .] τον [ 

μ€ν τον[ 

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δ ομολογ€ΐ[. . . . 

και γαρ €i tis [. . . . 

τηπ[. . .] ταυ[. . . . 

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201 



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1607. HYPERWESQ), FOR LYCOPHRON 
4• 195 ^φΟαρκίΐΊαι την αν 

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205 μ^νον [ πα 

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την €7Γίτ[. ...... 

τομίνον . [. . . 

• [']ΐΙθ'ομ€νην [προ9 ? 
2 ΙΟ [t]ov9 <τννπολί[τ€ν 

ομζνον? διαβο[λην 

τισιν ουν Τ€κ/ι[η 

ι 

/)ίο[[ι;]]? χρησαμ([νος 

τούτους /ceAeL'[ei 
215 καταδίκαζζΐν χ[ρη 

τ[α]ι νη Δια ταί[ς των 

κηδίστων μ[αρτν 

ρ[ι]αΐ9 Ανασχ€τ[ου 

και Θΐομνηστ[ου και 
2 20 Κρίτωνος ay κάλ[ως 

€χον ξστιν ω α[ν 

Spes δίκασται μ[η 

παρζρ[γως] €ie[Ta 

σαΐ' την [γα]ρ ολτ][ν κα 
2 25 ?".'77ορί[αί'] [ ξκ το[. . 

[. .jrots [. . .]\ησβ[. . 

[' ' •Μ- . .] Ι . . . [• . 



Col. ί. 

252 ]θ9 



Fr. 8. 



Col. ίί. 

259 [. •>«[ 



Fr. 6 (top). 

yap αν αυτ[ e 

κείνους το\_ 

230 οθ' ούτοι Tq[ e 

πραττον ο[ 

[. .]ασα .... Γ 

[• ']θ ^rep[ 

[. ']ν f[.] • <Γ • [ 

235 [. ']yT<o . . [ 

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[ο•]τιν ουτ€ τ[ 

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245 [...].[ 

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Fr. 7. 
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Fr. 9. 

265 ]ιοτ[ 
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Fr. 12. 

270 ] . €μφ[ 
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82 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



]τισαι• 
]ya 
255 Jpy 

]to 

]ov 


260 σασθα[ί 
μ€νο[ 
Ρ 

χ[ 

θ . οπ[ 




Fr. 10. 

267 ]Τ€[ 

Fr. II. 

269 ] συν[ 




272 ]οαχ[ 
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Μ 






Fr. I 


3 (tops of cols.). 




- 


Col. i. 






Col. ii. 






Col. iii. 


275 ] 




[τ]ω£ Xc 


ι[ριπ]πω[ι] την [a 




[. . •ΐκ ■ 






δ€λφη[ΐ' 


ejis [0]λν[μπίαν 




δ,.[ . 




285 


απόδημη 


σα[ι] τον A\l 


295 


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] . 




ωξιππ[ό]ν στ^φανω 




€π€ν[ 


]f^ 




σ[ο]ντα 


την τΓολ 


ιν Λυ 




[..'.].[ 


280 ]7re/o[. 




κοφρονα 


δζ. recoy 


μ€ν 




α[.]το[ 


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[ λυ^πβμποντα €πίσ[το 




θξίται- f[ 


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. .1 eav 
. . '.] . [.] 






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[• -^^ω- κ[ 

[.] . ο.[ 


Fr. 


15. 






Fr. 16. 




Fr. 18. 


Col. i. 


Col. ii. 




•[ 




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330 


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φα 


ή 




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vefiav [. . 




συ 


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375 Μ 




/co0ai/[r . 




• 


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σθαι• a , 


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π^ρ ων [ 
λογοι[, . . 






τα[ 






335 









320 



325 



1607. HYPERIDES {?), FOR LYCOPHRON 

res κα\θαπ€ρ Xe ? ττον . [ 

y^L πε . [ e 360 παρα8[ Fr. 19. 

ιηστο\α\^ των [ 380 ]5α[ 

τα coy e0[ τα ττλ . [ ]5€[ 

340 ACOfy ay^a[ T/5e[ je . [ 

ovv €στ[ί ταπ[ ] . [ 

σκων κ[ 3^5 ^ea)[ 

το;/• κα[ Fr. 20. 

€X€i;^f[p Fr. 17. ] . [ 

345 μαι[.] . [ Μ 385 ]αρ[•] • [ 

ρακω[ ]σσ[ ]ην μ[ 

τος• [ ] • ^ • [ ] • ^^ '''^'^ 

νίζ[ ] ■ γ[ ]^^y ^'[ 

ταυ . [ 37° ν^ • [ ]ντον €[ 

350 ^ϊ?? . [ ]<ί> eo-[ 390 ] • )^α . 

το . [ ]σα[ ]τα[ 

end of col. 



83 



395 



400 



40; 



Fr. αι. 
Col. i. 
. . .] ΤΓΟιησασ 
. . .]τιαν ye 
. . π]ρο9 avTovs 
. . .]γμ[α]το9 
. . ζ]κ€ΐ[ι/]ου 
. . κ]ατασκ€ν 
. . .]αθ€ΐν 
. . .]του . [ 
. . .]ι<:ονσ . [ 
. . .]οί TTepL 

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τα.[ 
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Fr. 22. 

].•[ 
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πα }]ροίνβισθ[αι ? 

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415 >ίαί . . [ 
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'Μ'] • • [ 

Fr. 23. 

] €7Γ6ίδ[77 

420 ]παμοιι[ 

]σϋΐ'ϊ;9 . [ 

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84 



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[λ ]y μζν[ 



Fr. 24• 

]8η.[ 
]τον . [ 
43ο ]μον[ 

]ανδ . [ 
]μησα[ 

] . αυτο[ • 

435 ]r.[ 
Μ 

Fr. 29• 

. ον .[ 

Η 

455 ] ο ^e [ 
ηΐ' ΤΟ .[ 
10VS απαστ[ 
.Soi r . . [ 
[jOS /xer . [ 

460 ]ία ζνλα . [ 
] δξ jais . [ 
end of col. 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS 

410 μ[ 



PAPYRI 



Fr. 34. 

λα[ 
σί/[ 

.[ 
48ο φ[ 

«[ 
Γ[ 



485 



F"r. 35• 

] • L 
>•[ 

]γ?[ 

ϊ•[ 





1? «Ιτ•]) • [ 




425 ]'V.6[ 




]ωιτ[ 


Fr. 35 (top). 


Fr. 27 (top). 


Jn 


445 Z^»? 4 


]7Γ6.[ 


λογ7?[ 


]€ίπ[ 


^77(56 [ 


440 jaos" <5e [ 






Fr. 28. 


Fr. 26. 


]?.[ 


441 ]α7Γίσ[ ' 


>..[ 


]ρ6σ[ 


450 ]r^[ 


]ασί.[ 


] ^^P' [ 


]f/?[ 


]i'ttv[ 


Fr. 30. 


Fr. 32. 


]•.?.[.•. 


]?[ 


]αί. οοστ€ . [. 


470 ]r . [ 


]την τ[. 


]-F[ 


465 oji/ieiy βστίΓ 


] . ^epa[7raif 


end of col. 


']'. §[ 




].< 


Fr. 31. 




466 ]vo 


Fr• 33• 


] προί 


475 ]^ov[ 


' ].χ.. 


]."![ 


Fr. ^6. 


Fr. 37. Fr. 38 


]apa[ 


]o_t/[ 496 ]ασ[ 


490 Μ 


Iff • [ ]f4 


]^pi 


495 ]f[ 


η 





1607. HYPERIDES {?), FOR LYCOPHRON 85 



Fr. 39. 


Fr. 40. 




Fr. 41. 


Fr. 42. 


Fr. 43. 


498 ] . . hi . [ 


500 >[ 


502 


].r[ 


]..[ 


506 ] . vc{ 


]i TOL<S . [ 


].^r[ 




jr[ 


505 1στα[ 


].[ 


end of col. 












Fr. 44. 


Fr. 45. 




Fr. 46. 


Fr. 47. 


508 \τί7{ 


509 ]ιό[ 




510 


Μ 


511 ]•ίί[ 




Fr. 1. (i) . . . roGroli' διΓοΙρΰ^αι τον [τοΐχο]^ T^[y] πρόϊ r?;i/ [αΐ'^ρ]ω7Γ0ΐ' ομιλίας [evfJKev ουδαμώς 
[πιθ^ανόν ΐστιν. ovre γαίρΐ ώί (προ?) rouy ττρότΐρον αντω λΐΐτουργονντας και πάν ο τι KeXev^oi^ προθυ- 
μως νττομίνοντας Βιηνίχθη 8ί8ηλωκ€ν, ovff οτι γίνομίρης προς αυτόν αψιμαχίας eK€LVoi την χρΐίαν 

[άΙτΓίίππΜ-ο, odev 6 Ανκόφρων em το τον τοίχον 8ιορνξαι κατηπ[€ίχθ^η, μηκέτι \τών\ σω[μ\άτων [ 

ο]μοίως τί[. . . (ϋ) . . . .^σθaι ουκ αν διώ[ρ]υ|ε τον τοΊχον. ηό[θ\€ν γαρ άνθρωπος [μ\η8ίν Karenei- 

yό\μ^evoς αλλ' ΐχων την \(ί]ξονσίαν κα\ τα παρ" ΐκ^Ίνης fibevai καΐ τα παρ' αντον λίγ^ίΐ* [κ]αΙ . . . 

(1. 55) *«"' το[ντω ού8€]πο0' ό Χρ[€μης ? τ^ι/] οΐκίαν άπ[(1π{ν ?] κα\ μην ά8υν\άτο]υ ye elxev τάξιν το τας 

θίραπα'ινας αντης προς τούτον διαφερεσθαι. τις \_γ\αρ αν όντως εγΐνηθη Opaaeta ώστε η τα πάρα τούτου 

ρηθ€ντα η τα παρ 4κ€ίνης προς τούτον πα\ρα\σιωπησαι της tSia[y] έχθρας [ev]eKa ; 7rpo[;i^]it[pos• δί] 7" ό 

κίν\ 

\ηι 

dveXfi, , , , , . , .- ..■ J- .... 

οϊχον νπο τούτον πιθανόν, ovTe εΐώθει, καθάπ\ε\ρ Xeyei, ταΐς θεραπαίναις Βιαλΐγΐσθαι. τ[Ινος\ yap 
eveKev ; [τι? προς] αίιτον τ[αντας] δΐίν€χ[θηναι εδίΐ (?)], ον φιλο[φρον€στ(ρον?] 8η της [^(σποίνης ?] 
προσφΐ[ρομίνης ανγω . . . 

' That he dug through the wall for the sake of intercourse with the woman is not at all 
credible. For the accuser has not shown either that he quarrelled with the persons who 
were in his service and readily submitted to any of his orders, or that owing to an altercation 
with him they renounced their intimacy, in consequence of which Lycophron was reduced 
to digging through the wall, since the servants were no longer . . . 

... he would not have dug through the wall. For why should a man, who was 
not in straits, but in a position both to get news from her and to send messages from 
himself, . . . ? 

... and Chremes never forbade him the house (?). Moreover that her maids quarrelled 
with him was as good as impossible. For which of them could have become so bold 
as to pass over in silence either his messages to her or her messages to him for the sake of 
private enmity ? The danger was close at hand ; for . . . But, as it was, they saw that he 
was in an excessively weak state, while she who was about to become the owner of the 
house was kept before their eyes, for fear that if anything happened to him they would 
suffer punishment for their revenge. It is therefore incredible that Lycophron dug 
through the wall, and he was not in the habit, as stated by the accuser, of conversmg 
with the maidservants. Why should he have done so ? What need was there for them^ to 
quarrel with him when, their mistress being on quite familiar terms with him, they . . . ? ' 

Fr. 5. 212 τίσιν ουν τ(κμ[η]ρίοις χρησάμί[νος] τούτους K€\ev[fi] κατα8ικάζ(ΐν ; χ[ρη\•^α]ι, νη 
Δια, ταΊ[ς των] κη8(στων μ[αρτυ]ρίαις Άνασχ€τ[ον] κα\ θ(ομνηστ[ου κα\] Κρίτωνος, ας καλ[ώς] ΐχον (στίν, 
2} &[v]bpfs διαασταί, μ[η] παρ€ρ[γα)ί] (ξ([τά]σαι. την [γα]ρ ολη[ν κα^ηγορΐ[αν] in το[. . . 

' On Λvhat proofs then does he rely when he bids them (sc. his fellow-citizens) give 



86 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

a verdict of guilty ? He relies forsooth on the evidence of his relatives by marriage, Anas- 
chetus, Theomnestus, and Criton, which it is your duty, gentlemen of the jury, to examine 
with special care. For the Λvhole accusation (depends) on ... ' 

18. [πιθ]ανον: cf. 11. 94, 1 73, 236. 

19. (ττροί): cf. 11. 61-2. 

24. ^ώηΚωκίν : the subject is ό κατήγορος, sc. Ariston ; cf. int. p. 76. 
26. αχΙ^ιμαχιας : cf. Acschin. De fals. leg. 176. ά^\τιμαχΐ\ν is quoted from Hyperides by 
Antiatticista ap. Bekk. Anecd. 79. 12. 

30-1. κατηπίΐΐχβλ^η : cf. 1. 43. 

32. σω[μ\ατων: cf. 1. 76 and int. p. 76. 

33. Te[ : or τρ[. The second letter may have been corrected. 
48. ] . ουί : e or ρ can be read instead of o. 

53-4. τη\ικο[ντοί .? ω]ν : the reference might be to the age of dying husband (cf. 11. 80-3 
and int.) ; but it seems more hkely that he is the subject not of ]ατο in 1. 55 but of the verb 
in 1. 58, and that Lycophron is the subject as far as 1. 55. In that case the point of τηλι- 
κο[ντος would be that Lycophron was over 50 years of age when the trial took place, an 
argument used in his defence on the charge of adultery in Lycophr. § 15. 

56-8. The restorations are highly conjectural, but οχρ[ looks like a proper name, and 
a mention of the husband, whose name is unknown, but who is called ίκάνος in 1. 80, is very 
appropriate here, τί^ντψ is inadmissible in 1. 56. 

63. ίγ^νηθη'. this form, which is common in the third century e.g., occurs in the MSS. 
of Plato, Phileh. 62 d (ξ€γ€νήθη ημΊν {(ξ€γίν€θ' ήμϊν Stallbaum), and in two fragments of 
Philemon; cf. Lobeck, Phryn. 109, and int. p. 76. 

69. 7Γα[ρα]σιωπ»;σα4 : cf. int. p. 76. 

71-3. προ[χ]6ΐ[ρο5• fie] i]v ο mvyhvvos: cf Hyper. Epitaph. 17 61? TO Kivlvvtviw [7Γρ]οχ€ίρωί, 

73. ft? μ\ίν γαρ : μ^ν is required to balance wv be in 1. 80, but may have come in 1. 76. 

76. σω\^ματα•. cf. 1. 32. 

77-9. ]ττ(ΐν is perhaps ^ιορν\ττ(ΐν (cf 11. 14, 30, 92) and ]υγην might be 8ιορ]υγψ or 
^ιωρ]υγψ, ihough neither form is classical, the best MSS. in Dem. vii. 40 having διορνχη. But 
π[ρονθ€ν]το, if that is the right restoration, does not fit in very well with a reference to digging 
through the wall, οντοι are the σώματα. 

8o. e^eji^o]»/ : cf. 11. 56-8, n. The first husband of the woman is similarly alluded to 

in Lycophr. xlvi €7re]tSij Ιτί\\ΐνττ}σΐν Ικψινος and xlvii ^κάνο^ \κνον\σαν την γνναΐΐκα ΐξ] αυτόν 

καταλΐ[λοιπΐ]ν. μ^ν already projects for some distance into the margin, and there is no room 
for [av after it, if av (λάμβαναν be read in 1. 87 ; cf. n. ad loc. 

82. ασ6[(]νως 8ιαΚ€ΐμ(ν[ο]ν : cf LycOphr. §17 απόρωζ 8ιακ€ΐμενονς. 

86-8. ττρο οφθαλμών αναλάμβαναν: cf. Epitaph. 1 7 προ οφθαλμών όρώμΐνα αντοΐς τα 8eivu, 

and Polyb. ii. 35 λαμβάνων ττρο οφθαλμών το 7ίαρά8οζον των τότί γΐνομίνων. There seems to be 
no instance of αναλάμβαναν Avith προ οφθαλμών, but with the division av ΐλαμβανον it is necessary 
to suppose the omission of av in 1. 80. 

97. 8ιαλΐγ(σθαι•. cf. int. p. 77. 

98. The supposed stop after eveKev might be the beginning of r. For the supplements 
in 11. 98-100 cf. 11. 60-2. 

108. νη Δ([α : cf. 1. 2i6, Pemosth. i. 7, Euxenip. 12, 14, 27. 

III. νπελαβΐ : a favourite Avord of Hyperides, occurring 11 times in his speeches. 

128. διαρρη[^ην: ci. AthetlOg. lO, 16. 

159-62. It is very doubtful whether Fr. 14, containing the supposed ends of these 
lines, is rightly placed here, for the colour of it is different, especially on the verso (cf. int. 
p. 74), and at a junction with the upper margin of Fr. 2, which becomes necessary, the 



1607. HYPERIDESi^), FOR LYCOPHRON 87 

fibres of the recto do not harmonize very well. 01 μ^ισθ\ον ^ίκα\ζοντ(ί is too short. οιμ[αι is 
possible, and ov may be the negative, 

1 70-1. Fr. 3 seems to be rightly placed here, καθ ν\ττΐρβ6Κψ is not unlikely in 1. 171 ; 
cf. 1. 81. 

198. This line was probably the last of the column, which is already slightly longer 
than usual (40 lines compared to 39 in Fr. i). 

199-200. Cf. 11. 170-1, n. 

201-4. Fr. 4 almost certainly belongs to 11. 224-7. 

208. τομΐνον : the last two letters are very doubtful ; but cf. I. 205. τομ(νην cannot be 
read. 

218-20. The very rare name Άνάσχιτος occurs also in C. I. A. ii. 804 Ba {'Av. 
Δημοτΐλονς Άλαι^νς) in a list of Sureties in 340 b.c. for some triremes supplied to the 
Chalcidians, the preceding name being Κρίτων Άστνόχου ΚυΒαθηνακύς, who is also mentioned in 
C.I. A. ii. 807, and included among the κάλλιστοι τωνττολιτών by Aeschin. Conira Tiniarch. 156. 
Probably these two persons are identical with Άι/άσχίτοϊ and Κρίτωι/ here. For θίό/χνί^στοί 

cf. Lycophr. § 2 to δ' apyvpiov θ€θ[μΐΊ7]στω δί8ωσιν (sc. Ariston)' ΐκύνος δε λαμβάνων άνδράποΒα 
άγορύζΐΐ, και τταρεχα ωσπ€ρ rois λι^σταΐί (πισιτισμόν, και δίδωσι τούτω vnep ίκάστον τοΰ άνδραπόδον 
όβολον της ημίρας, οττωί αν τ; αθάνατος συκοφάντης. 

2 20— Ι. καλ[ωί] €χον : cf. Demosih, viii. 22 καΚως \Jx(iv τόι»] Άρπαλοί' [εγδοίι/αι τ\\ν τΐοΚιν, 
LycOphi'. § 1 1 κάι τοΰτο τΐώς καλώς 'ίχιι σε μίν . . . την κ.ατη•γοριαν ττοιησασθαι. 

2 2 2—3• μϊηΐ ^Γapep[yως■^ (ξ('^τα]σαι : cf. Athcnog. 1 3 του? Te νόμους εξίτάζειν . . . napepya ταΚλα 
πάντα ποιησάμΐνον. 

228-31. It is not absolutely certain that these are the beginnings of lines. 

236. πιθ[ανον: cf. 1. 18. 

283. [τ]ωι Χα[ριπ]πω[ι] : the traces of the supposed πω are very slight and indecisive, but 
a mention of Charippus, to whom Dioxippus gave his sister in second marriage, and who 
figures largely in the charges discussed in Lycophr. §§ 3-7, is very appropriate ; cf int. p. 75. 
ε-^δοντα or π/30 του (γδουναι is to be supplied at the end of the preceding column ; cf Lycophr. 

§ 5 και yap οΐιτος (sC. DioxippUs) ηκολοϋθΐΐ δια το χηραν ΐγδίδοσθαι αυτήν, 

284. e]tr [ο]λν[μπίαΐ' : it is not certain that any letter is missing in the lacuna after e]is, 
and the following vestiges would also suit ai[ or ατ[ or possibly ίσ[, but Dioxippus was 
victorious as a pancratiast at Olympia according to Plin. Nat. Hist. xxxv. 139 and others. 
The date assigned to his victory by Foerster, Olymp. Sieger, no. 381, is 336 b.c, but there 
is no very definite evidence for fixing the year, except the fact that Dioxippus went to Asia 
with Alexander (Diod. xvii. loo-i), i.e. in 335 or 334, and died there, so that he cannot 
have been at Olympia after 336. The oration of Hyperides against Lycophron is generally 
assigned to 340 b. c, and if [θ]λι;[μπίαΐ' is right the victory of Dioxippus was more probably 
in 340, or even 344, than in 336. 

286-7. στ(:φανωσ\ο\ντα : στζφανωσ[α\ντα does not suit the size of the lacuna. 

288. The τ of τέως has either been corrected from ι or else been inserted later. 

289. The letter before πέμποντα seems to have been σ or υ with a stroke through it, and 
the vestige of the preceding letter rather suggests α or λ, so that probably the scribe began 
to write αυτωι or Αυκοφρονι, but Corrected it. 

313-16. Cf. 11. 159-62, n. 

336—7. For κα[θαπερ Xejyet cf. 1. 95. 

427-36. These are perhaps the beginnings of lines; but if so, δα projects into the mar- 
gin of 1. 433. 



88 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

1608. Aeschines SocraticUS, Alcibiades. 

Fr. 4 16x9-8 cm. Late second century. 

Plate III (Fr. 4). 

The source of these scanty fragments of a dialogue between Socrates and 
Alcibiades, chiefly concerning the character of Themistocles, is shown to be the 
Alcibiades of Aeschines Socraticus by coincidences with two of the six extant 
quotations from that lost dialogue. Aeschines was one of the most important 
followers of Socrates, being often placed by ancient critics next in rank to 
Plato and Xenophon. His reputation rested not so much on his own con- 
tributions to the development of his master's philosophy, which seem to have 
been inconsiderable, but on the elegance of his style, which is specially praised 
by Aristides and Hermogenes, and on the fidelity of his representation of 
Socrates, which even led to the accusation in antiquity that the master, not the 
disciple, was the author of the dialogues (Diog. Laert. Viia Aeschiuis, ii. 7). 
The recovery of new fragments of the Alcibiades is therefore a matter of some 
interest, especially in view of the current controversy initiated by Prof. Burnet 
concerning the historical character of the Platonic Socrates. 

The extant fragments of Aeschines' seven genuine dialogues have recently 
been collected and discussed by H. Krauss (Teubner, 191 1) and more fully by 
H. Dittmar {Philol. Untersnch. xxi. 191 2). Much the longest is Fr. i (Krauss) 
of the Alcibiades from Aristides, orat. 46 (ii. 292 sqq., Dindorf) containing 
a panegyric upon Themistocles addressed to Alcibiades by Socrates, and 
concluding with a warning that even Themistocles' ξπι,στήμη was not strong 
enough to save him from disasters. Another passage in the same oration of 
Aristides (ii. 369) not only supplies a second fragment (small), which Krauss, 
following C. F. Hermann, assigns to a position immediately preceding Fr. i, 
but gives a general description of the context of Fr. i, from which it appears 
that Alcibiades was reduced to tears by the sense of his own inferiority to 
Themistocles. Before the end of the dialogue, which was put into the form 
of a narrative by Socrates, as is shown by the use of the first person in referring 
to him, Alcibiades seems to have left, and Frs. 3 and 4 (from Aristid. orai. 45) 
apparently belong to the conclusion of the dialogue, being part of an explanation 
of Socrates' general point of view in relation to Alcibiades, addressed to an 
unknown third participator in the conversation. Frs. 5 and 6, from Priscianus 
and Athenaeus respectively, are unimportant ; but evidently the general drift of 
the whole dialogue was similar to that of the (Pseudo-)Platonic Alcibiades, a 
desire to curb the arrogance of Alcibiades. Aristides in fact contrasts the two 
dialogues, to the disadvantage of Plato. There are also apparent allusions to 



1608. AESCHINES SOCRATICUS, ALCIBIADES 89 

Aeschines' dialogue in Cic. Tttsc. iii. 77 and Augustin, Dc civit. dei, xiv. 8 ; 
cf. Dittmar's Fr. 10, and pp. 99-103 of his edition. These indicate that Socrates 
showed Alcibiades, who thought himself beatiis (ζν^αίμων), that he was really 
stidtiis (άμαθψ), and as such 7mser (aeXtos), with the result that Alcibiades 
entreated Socrates to free him from turpitiido {αίσχρότης) and teach him virUis 
{άρζτή). 

Of the 19 (originally 25) fragments of the papyrus only six are large 
enough to be of any value, and the longest continuous passage is less than 
20 lines (11. 34-52). Fr. 5 (11. 77-87) contains after parts of 5 new lines 
Krauss's Fr. 2, immediately followed, as he had correctly surmised, by the 
beginning of his Fr. i. This is continued after a gap in Frs. 6 and 7, the latter 
fragment containing the bottoms of two columns. Since the extent of the 
missing portion of Fr. 7. ii is known to have been approximately 19 lines, there 
were about 30 lines in a column, and probably Fr. 5, of which the upper margin 
is broken off, is from the top of a column ; for Frs. 5, 6, and 7. i together account 
for 30 lines. With regard to the position of the other fragments, none of them 
belongs to the four columns immediately following Fr. 7. ii, all of which must 
have been occupied by the remainder of the extant panegyric on Themistocles, 
and internal evidence indicates that at any rate Frs. i, 2, and 4 preceded Frs. 5-7. 
Fr. I is placed in that position because the reference to Themistocles in 1. 3 may 
be the first introduction of his name into the discussion, which continues to be 
occupied with him in Frs. 4-7. Socrates seems to have asked a question 
reflecting on his interlocutor's (presumably Alcibiades') relations to his parents, 
adducing as a parallel the bad relations of Themistocles to his parents— a remark 
which draws a protest from Alcibiades (11. 1-6). The next question is concerned 
with a different subject, whether people are first μουσικοί and Ιτηηκοί or the 
opposite, the second alternative being naturally adopted by Alcibiades (11. 7-15), 
at which point the fragment ceases to be intelligible. The story that Themistocles 
had been disinherited by his father, which is mentioned by Plutarch and other 
writers (cf. 11. 38-9, n.), had in any case been alluded to by Socrates before Fr. 4, 
in which Alcibiades is definitely stated to be the other speaker (1. 50) ; for in 
11. 36-48 the latter expressed his surprise at the supposed disinheritance, and 
vigorously condemned the character of Themistocles implied by such an incident. 
There is an apparent connexion between this speech of Alcibiades and the 
reference at the beginning of Socrates' panegyric on Themistocles (11. 85-7) 
to Alcibiades' boldness in criticizing that statesman ; but Frs. 5-7 cannot be 
combined with the remains of Fr. 4. ii, so that at least one column intervened 
between Fr. 4. i and Frs. 5-7, though the gap is not likely to be wide. The 
next question of Socrates (11. 48 sqq.) is incompletely preserved and somewhat 



90 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

obscure, as is the point of his remark in II. 34-6, which preceded the outburst 
of Alcibiades and mentions Apollodorus' defence τον φαύλου. This Apollodorus 
is presumably the inseparable companion of Socrates who appears as the narrator 
in Plato's Symposmm, and he seems to have taken part in the conversation in 
Aeschines' dialogue. Though there is no reason to assign any of the remarks 
in the extant portion of 1608 to Apollodorus, the two remarks from the end 
of the dialogue (Frs. 3 and 4 Krauss ; cf. p. 88) may well have been addressed 
to him : Anytus has been suggested there, but as a mere guess. The position 
of Fr. 1 is more doubtful, since there is no apparent reference in it to 
Themistocles ; but there seems to be a connexion between ά7Γο]λο)/ια? in 1. 28 
and a'no\oydσQaι in 1. ofi, so that Fr. 1 is likely to have preceded Fr. 4 
with no very great interval. The first 5 lines of Fr. 5 apparently belong 
not to a speech but, like the next 3, to a piece of narrative : Alcibiades, 
who is meant by αντόυ in 1. 83, is probably also indicated by αντ(ύ in 1. 79. Lines 
82-136 correspond to Krauss's Fr. 2 and part of i. Here there are some small 
variations between 1608 and the MSS. of Aristides, whose quotations do not 
seem to be exact. In 11. 130-2, where the MSS. are corrupt, 1608 is incom- 
pletely preserved, but does not seem to have been right ; cf. n. ad loc. The 
papyrus as a whole is too short to prove much ; but such glimpses of Aeschines' 
style as it affords indicate a close resemblance between his picture of Socrates 
and Plato's in the earlier dialogues, and so far as they go rather support 
Prof. Burnet's view that Plato was there giving a true representation of Socrates' 
teaching. 

1608 was found with 841-4, 1606-7, &c. The handwriting is a good-sized 
elegant uncial of the sloping oval type, with a tendency to exaggerate the size 
of α and v. It is a somewhat later specimen of this type than 24 (Demosthenes, 
προοίμια δημηγορικά : Part i, Plate vii) and 665 {History of Sicily : Part iv, 
Plate i), but earlier than e.g. 223 (Homer E: Part ii, Plate i) and Schubart, 
Pap. Graecae, 19 b (Hesiod, Catalogue), and probably belongs to the latter half 
of the second century. Iota adscript was generally written. Changes of speaker 
are indicated (perhaps not consistently) by double dots with or without para- 
graphi, and two kinds of stops, a high and a low point, are employed, besides 
occasional diaereses over initial ι and r. A mark of elision in 1. ^'^ seems to be 
due to the original scribe, but an accent and breathing in 1. "ί^η are probably 
by the (contemporary) corrector, who has altered mistakes in 11. 10, o^'] (?), and 
42. A critical mark against 1. 138 probably refers to a lost marginal note. The 
scribe seems to have been rather prone to omissions ; cf. 11. 10 and 48-50. The 
fragments are or may be from the middles of columns, except where it is stated 
otherwise. 



1608. AESCHINES SOCRATICUS, ALCIBIADES 



91 



Fr. I. 

. [ π€/9ί TOi;y 

aeavTOV yov[eas yeye ? 

νησθαι. oios w€p [0 0e 

μιστοκλης Xeyerat [πε 

5 pi Tovs εαυτού yo\y^a^ : 

ίνφημ€ί €φη ω ΐ![ωκρα 

rey : 7r[o]Tepov Se SoKei [ 

σοι τοίι^"] αι/θρωτΓΟίς av\ay 

καΐ(^\ iLvaL αμον[σονί 

Ρ 
ΙΟ ΤΓοτίΙρο]^ η μονσικο[ν5 γι 

ν€σ[θά\ί• και ποτ€ρο[ν α 

φι[ππον5] η ιππικο[ν9 : α 

ναγ[καιο]ν μοι δοκ€ΐ [ 

αμου[σον5] irporepov κ[αι 

15 αψιπ\που^ :] ουκο\υν . . . 

[•]9Χ[ ]ν^ λ[. . . . 

[ ]^"f[ 



Fr. 4• 



Plate iii. 



Col. ί. 

[> ]ί^[ 

καλω9 Se κα.[ι] ο Απολ[λο 
35 3ωρος νπ€ρ τον φαι^λου 

απολογβισθαι : αλλ €*re[i 

να ■ri δ 6ς €γω ουκ αν (>>μτι\ν 

τον Θζμιστοκλζα νπ[ο Fr. 4• Col. ii. 

τον πατρός αποκηρνγ\βη Plate iii. 

40 ναι• φανλον γαρ και πορ . . . 

ρω άνοιας ηκοντα τα 



γ€ τοιαντα' ^ω^στις €19 δι 
αφοράς τοιαντας και e 
γθρας τας μ^γιστας 
45 ττρος τονς eavTov γον[€ 
ας κατέστη• ο και παι 



6ο 7€σ[ 
θρα:[ 

νΐ[ 

[ 



Fr. 2. 

[ ]f[ 

[. . . .]τηριονς [ 

2θ [ο]νδ€Τ€ρονς δ€ΐ[ .... 

α• οντ€ γαρ τους [ 

[ονδ]οτιονν <5e[ 

τησθαι τ]ΤΓ€[ 

[. .] ωστ6 α[ 

25 [.] των δικ[ δι 

απραξασΘα[ι e 

παιναν oi;T[e 

j/ey δια τας τοι\αντας απο 

λογίας απ€γν[ωσαν αν 
3© θρωπων μ€[ 

[•..•>^V[ 



Fr. 3. 



32 ]ντα[ 



Col. i. 



Frs. 5, 6, 7. 

(V τοις [ 

μ€γα\α[ 

αντωι ei^i[ 

80 κομζνωι τ[ 

αν αμαρττ][ 

γνονς ονν α[ντον €γω 
ΟΤΙ ζηλοτνπ[ως βχίΐ προς 
Θ€μιστοκλ[€α €ΐπον e 

85 πβιδη τον [θίμιστοκλζ 
ονς βιον €πι[λαμβαν€σ 
[θ]αι €το\μη[σας σκ^ψαι 

5 lines lost 
[ω Χωκρατ^ς τα] τοιαντ[α 
[ζΐδζναι : ηδη ο]υν πωπ[ο 



92 



50 



55 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 
65 [ 



Bapiov ξνλαβηθηναί 
{αν) €vpo]iTO : οντω δη μικροί/ . [ 
ν€ΐΌ]μικα9 ζΐναι ην δ e γ[ 
γω ω Α]λκιβίαδη γον€σ{ι)ν α[ 
διαβ ^]ληθηναί. ωστβ τον γ[ 
€πίτνχ^ ?]oj/Toy ανθρωττον 7° ^[ 
] . τοντ €σ[τι ....]. γ[ 

].σ. [..;.].[••. λ.[ 

Ι a letters ]ταμ[.]ν τα[ 

II „ ] των φαν . [ 

λοτατων ?] εστίΐ/ ei Se 15 [ 

]ν τΓολιν Τ€ [ 

end of col, end of col. 



95 [re σοι e//eXtja[ei/ ori ται;[ 
[τί^ί rr/y χω/)]»? τοσαΐ'[ 
[ri^y ονση9 οσ]ην ο ηλιο[ς 
[πορζν€ταί η] καλ€ΐτ[αι 
[Ασία €LS ανηρ αρχ^ι : π]α 

ιοο [νν μ€ν ουν ζφη ο γ ?]e μ€ 
[γα? βασίλζυ^ : οίσ]^α ουν 
[οτι €Κ€ΐνο9 €σ]τρατ€νσ€ 
[δζνρο και eTTi] Λακ^δαι 
[μονιον^ ηγον]μζνο9 «ί 

Ι05 [τοντω τω TToXjee κατά 
[στρξψαιτο ρα\διω9 τους 
end of col. 



Fr. 7. Col. ii. 
19 lines lost. 
126 [πξζων και] χρηματω[ν 

[τα των Ελλη]νων 7Γραγμ[α 
[τα τΓολυ eXeiJTrero τα δβ 
[βασιλ€]ως irpouyev αλ[ 
130 λ [?;5]ei OTL €1 μη αυτούς τ[ο'? 
βονλ[€υ]€σθαι eKeivos [ttc 
ρί€στ[αί] τα ye άλλα αυ[τον 
τοσαυτα οντά το /zey[e^oy 
o[y]5[e]i/ μ^γα e/zeXAei' [ω 
1 35 φ^λησβιν και τούτο ([γνω 
κ€ΐ αρα οτι οττοτβρων [αν 
end of col. 



Fr. II. 




Fr. 12 


\υκα[ 




[.]0ΤΓ[ 


"[v. και το[ 




κωσ[ 


6 ο '\υτωι αδ[ 




7Γ/)θ[ 


'\αντα[ 


ι65 


δο . [ 



Fr. 8. 

.[ 

ya[ 
i40J(e[ 
λοΐ'[ 
ωσ . [ 

re.[ 
145 Γ»?[ 

end of col. 



Fr. 13. 

166 και[ 

και[ 



Fr. 9. 

σαυ . [ 
7;κ•α[ 
TyOi ρα[ 
150 αλλ[ 

θοι μη[ 

Fr. 10. 

].[ 
155 ]νυίί[ 

ω 2ΐωκρ]ατζ9 ο[ 
]τω.[ 

Fr. 14. 

170 ]τι 



1608. AESCHINES SOCRATICUS, ALCIBIADES 93 



Fr. 15. 


Fr. 16. 


Fr. 17, 


Fr. 18. 


Fr. 19, 


top of col. 


top of col. 


176 πλ[ 


178 ]ai[ 


180 ] . . [ 


172 ]ou^f[ 


4 


λίπ[ 


]olk[ 


Μ 


]6 τοίαν[τ 


175 τω[ 









1-6. Probably, as Prof. Burnet, to whom we are indebted for several suggestions in 
the interpretation of 1608, remarks, Socrates asked ' Would you be willing to have behaved 
to your parents as Themistocles is said to have behaved to his ? ' Alcibiades replies ' Hush, 
Socrates '. 

7-15. 'Do you think that men have to be unmusical before they are musical, and 
unskilled in riding before they are skilled ? — I think that they must first be unmusical and 
unskilled in riding.' For αμονσοι in conjunction with αφιπποι cf. Plato, I^ep. 335c. Burnet 
thinks that this Avas part of an argument intended to show that Themistocles did not achieve 
what he did φύσει (which Alcibiades considered sufiicient for himself). Since Themistocles 
was so unsatisfactory in his youth, he must have become great and acquired ϊπιστημη by care 
and practice. 

16. [.]οχ[ : or [a]px[. 

19. Perhaps [8ίκασ]τηριον f[. 

28. Toi[arjTas απο]λογία? : cf. 1. 36 and int. 

34-51. '. . . and ApoUodorus also to make a good defence on behalf of the mean. 
— But, he replied, there is this point ; I should not have thought that Themistocles was dis- 
inherited by his father ; for such conduct betokens a mean character and reaches the height 
of folly, when a person is involved in such quarrels and in the most violent enmity with his 
parents, which even a child would find a way of avoiding. — Did you think it so small- 
minded, Alcibiades, said I, to be filled with hatred of one's parents that . . . ' 

34-5. Α7Γολ[λο]δωροί : cf. int. No orator of this name who was contemporary with 
Socrates is known, τον φαν[λον can be masculine or neuter. As Burnet remarks, Alcibiades 
may have been relying on his natural gifts, so that the question of κάλλοί arose. ApoUodorus 
may well have championed the cause of ' the ugly' (e.g. Socrates) ; for he certainly stands 
for the more cynical aspect of Socraticism, as appears from the beginning of the Symposium. 

36. Of the double dots after άπολογΐΐσθαι only the upper is preserved. 

αλλ eKf[i]yo : Burnet compares Hippias maior 283 d αλλ' ίκύνο, μών μη Αακ(8αι- 

μόνιοι κτλ. 

37• ή •* the first hand perhaps wrote ι. 

38-9. Cf. int. and Plut. Fir/. Themist. 2 a be τούτων (ξαρτάσιν evioi διηγήματα πλάττοιτίϊ 
άποκήρνξιν μΐν νπο τοΰ πατρός αυτοί) . . . δοκίί κατ(ΐ\τ(νσθαι,, Aelian, Var. hist. ϋ. I 2 άποκηρνχθΐΧί 

νπο τοΰ πατρός, Nepos, Themist. I a paire exheredattis est. 

40—1. πόρρω avoias ηκοντα : cf. Plato, Ellthyd. 294 e πόρρω σοφίας iJKeis. 

48. [(αν) evpo]iTo: this reading is not very satisfactory; but edpoiro is preferable to 
evpoi, the active not being used with an infinitive in classical times, and there is a change of 
speaker before οντω, so that [av e]vpoi with the omission of double dots before οντω, though 
a possible reading, is open to still greater objections. 

50. yovea{i)v : γονιών is inadmissible. 

52. [(πιτνχ\οντο5 was suggested by Burnet. 

55-9. The fragment containing these lines was originally separate, and is not quite 
certainly placed here. 

61. Probably αΐ']|5ρω[π : cf. 1. 52. 

77. This line is probably the top of the column ; cf. int. p. 89. 



94 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

82-4. yvovs . . . Β(μιστοκΚ\€α == Aeschin. Fr. 2 ; cf. int. The MSS. of Aristides have 
ζηΚοτΰπως έχοντα instead of ort ζη\οτνπ\<ύς ΐχΐΐ, and before ΟΐμιστοκΚία some of the deteriores 
insert τόν, which was certainly omitted in the papyrus. 

84-5. ΐ\πΐί^η του : from this point up to 1. 136 the papyrus corresponds to the beginning 
of Aeschin. Fr. i ; cf. int. After ΐπΐώη the MSS. of Aristides insert roivw, which is evidently 
due to looseness of quotation. 

93-8. These remains are on a separate fragment, and there is no external evidence for 
their being near the ends of lines. 

94-5. o\vv πωπ[οτΐ σοι : ovv σοι πώττοτε MSS. 1608 may have Omitted σοι. The 6 of 

(μ6\ησ]εν COmeS above the α of χωρ]α5• in 1. 96. 

97. οσ]ην•. SO the 'deteriores', followed by Dindorf and Hermann. AET, which are 
considered the best MSS., have όσον, which is adopted by Fischer, Krauss, and Dittmar. 
οσην is, however, supported by Aristides xiv (i. 325, Dindorf) 6π(ρ yap m βφη τών Xoyonomv 

Tvepi TTJs ^Ασία! λεγωυ οσην 6 ηλιης πορΐΰΐται ταύτης πάσης αρχΐΐν avhpa eva. 

100. 7?]f : om. MSS. 

105. 7roX]ee : SO MSS. πόλίΐ Krauss and Dittmar, following Herodian, ii. 2, p. 696 ώϊ 

παρ' Αίσχίντ] τω Σωκρατικω τούτω τω noXfi : πόλη Hermann, following ChocroboSCUS. 

130—2. et μη αντον το βοτίλίΰίσθαι fKe'ivois {eKfivos Ε) π^ριίσται, τά ye αΚ\α αυτών (^αυτόν Ε) 
MSS. Dindorf: ft μη αυτοΰ τω βον\(ύΐσθαι ίΚΐΙνον . . . αυτόν Hermann: €t μη αυτών τώ βουλ. 

ΐκΐ^νος . . . αυτόν Reiske : el μη αυτόν τωβου\. eKetvos . . . αυτόν Krauss, Dittmar. Whether 1608 
had τ[ο or τ[ωι and αν[τον or αυ\των is uncertain ; but it apparently agreed with £ in reading 
e/cetiOs (though eKeivoi[s is just possible), and certainly differed from all the MSS. and editors 
in having αυτούς instead of αντοΰ — a novelty which seems to be erroneous. 

134. €μ(\λΐν \ω^ψ€\ησeιv : ώφελι^σει MSS. 

136. ορα : om. MSS. 

138. For the critical mark cf. int. p. 90. 

154-7. Fr. 10 resembles Fr. 7. ii in colour, but does not occur in the text of the 
missing portion of that column. 

159. The supposed low stop after ν might be the lower of two dots marking a change 
of speaker, in which case καιτο[ι is not improbable. 

162-5. This fragment is very likely to be placed above Fr. 9, but there is no actual 
join. 

1609. Philosophical Work (Eudorus ?). Metrological Fragment. 

8 X ιο•2 cm. Second century. 

The recto of this papyrus contains 13 nearly complete lines from the 
middle of a column of a lost philosophical work, with a few letters from the 
preceding and following columns. It is written in a clear compact semiuncial 
hand of the second century, which somewhat resembles that of 410 (Part iii, 
Plate iv) and is not later than the reign of Marcus Aurelius, more probably 
belonging to the reign of Trajan or Hadrian. A stroke in the middle of 1. la 
indicates the beginning of a new section. The subject under discussion is είδωλα 
in mirrors, and the author, who alludes in 1. 13 to his commentary on the Timaeus 
of Plato, and objects in 11. 16 sqq. to the views of Democritus, Epicurus, and 
Empedocles, evidently belonged to the Academic school. The first commentator 



1609. PHILOSOPHICAL WORK (EUDORUS?) 95 

on Plato, was according to Proclus, In Tim. p. 24, Grantor of Soli in Cilicia, whose 
discussion of the Timaeus is mentioned several times by Plutarch in his De 
animae procreatione. But since Grantor was a contemporary of Epicurus and died 
before him, he is unsuitable as the author of the papyrus, in which Epicurus is 
ranked with Democritus and Empedocles. Another philosopher of the Academic 
school, also mentioned by Plutarch, op. cit., in connexion with the Timaeus, is 
Eudorus of Alexandria, who flourished about 25 B. c. and is generally thought 
to have written a commentary on that dialogue, besides an encyclopaedic work 
upon philosophy in general and a treatise on Aristotle's Categories. The 
encyclopaedic work, of which a few fragments survive, is described by Stobaeus, 
Eel. ii. 46 as Ευδώρου τον Άλβ^α^δρεω? ^ Κκα^Ύ\μικον φιλοσόφου διαιρβσυ τον κατά 
φίλοσοφίαν λόγον, βιβλίου άζιόκτητον kv ω τΐασαν ^ττξζζληλυθζ ττροβληματικώί την 
€τηστημην. It was used extensively by Arius Didymus of Alexandria, a Stoic 
philosopher with eclectic tendencies, and seems to have been a work of some 
importance. The account of it given by Zeller, Gesch. d.griech. Philos. i. 612, who 
considers that it collected the answers of the chief writers on the main problems of 
philosophy, is quite in harmony with the papyrus. A difficulty with regard to 
the attribution of 1609 to Eudorus, who naturally wrote in Attic, arises from 
the occurrence of an Ionic form, ττεριεοΰσσ?, in 1. 21. The context there, however, 
and the occurrence elsewhere of several non-Ionic forms (oSy, τουτωι;, Έμπίδοκλ?/?) 
indicate that the author was in this case using Empedocles' language, though 
7Γ6ρΐ€ούσα9 cannot itself have occurred in hexameters. 

On the verso in a different and larger semiuncial hand, which is not earlier 
than A. D. 150 and may even be later than 200, are Ihe ends of 11 lines from the 
middle of a column of metrological tables, similar to e.g. 9. verso and 669. 
Some abbreviations and the usual symbols for drachma (1. 31) and \ (1. οβ) occur. 
The amount lost at the beginnings of lines is uncertain, but seems to be 
considerable in most, if not all, cases, and not much can be gleaned from the 
fragment. As far as 1. 37 it is concerned with liquid measures, especially in 
relation to the cyathus, weights being expressed in drachmae ; the last i\ lines 
deal with the mina and its subdivisions. The /coyxjj, an uncommon measure, is 
mentioned in 1. 30^ with a novel weight assigned to it. Details are discussed in 
the commentary. 

Recto. 

Gol. i. Col. ii. Gol. iii. 

hoKTi $€ e/cet φα[ιν]€σθαι ov 
10 γαρ 67Γ eKeivov τον κάτοπτρου 
οραταί αλλ η ανακλασίί em 



φ THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

70V ορωντα\ ττβρί μί,ν ovu 
. . . τούτων ev τοΐ9 €ls τον Τι 

]7Γο μαιον €ΐ[ρ]ηται ον SeL Se ei 

li^oli/f 15 δωλον τοιούτον aKoveiv οι . . 

]νταν ον το κατά Δημοκριτον η Επι τ[ 

]^€f κονρον η ω? Εμπ^δοκληί [ 

5 1 . £ί/ απορροας φαιή αν απίζναι τ[ 

\ην απο έκαστου των κ\α'\τοπτρι 25 f[ 

]e£ . 20 ζομβνων και τ[ ι[ 

]rr7 7Γ€ρΐ€ουσα9 [ 

' (if?) . . . and it (the image) seem to appear there. For it is not seen on that mirror, 
but the reflexion to the person seeing (is seen). This, however, has been discussed in my 
commentary on the Timaeus. An image ought not to be described as it is in the systems 
of Democritus or Epicurus, or as Empedocles would say that emanations come off from 
each of the objects shown in the mirror and . . . surviving . . . ' 

12. ορωντα : ν IS practically Certain and the very faint traces of the two preceding letters 
suit ρω, but joining ο is a descending stroke which is superfluous and seems to be merely 
a ligature. The stroke after ορωντα is a mark of punctuation. 

13. eis τον Ύιμαιον : i.e. in connexion Avith 71b oiop eV κατόπτρω ^ΐχομίνω tvttovs <ai Kciriheiv 
είδωλα παρεχοντι : cf. 72 C. 

1 4. Set : €1 is very cramped, and the ι was probably omitted originally. 

16. For Democritus' theory of είδωλα cf. SeXt. Math. ix. 19 Δημόκριτος he ειδωλά τινά 

φησιν €μπ€λύζΐΐν άνθρώποΐί κτλ. Epicurus' views are expressed in his EpisL i ap. Diog. Laert. 
X. 46 sqq. 

1 8. For Empedocles' views on άπορροαί cf. Ritter and Preller, Ill's/, phil. Graec. §§ 166 h, 

19. κχιϊ^οτττριζομΐνων is paSsivc ; cf. Plut. De plac. philos. 894 f κατάντικρυ δε τοΰ κατοπ- 
τρίζοντοί αυτήν (sc. ηλιακην περιφεγγεί'αΐ') aarepos. The middle IS the fomi COmmonly USed. 

21. περίίουσαϊ : cf. int. p. 95. 

Verso. 

27 ]ai[. . .] κοι[αθ{ ) . . 

1 κοιαθ{ ) € . [.]y 
]<Tov και η μ^γ[(ΐ] 
30 [λτ; ] κονχη η μ(γ[α] 

[λη ^Χ ?]f' S ίη η Se Τ€Τ^ 

]οραι €ΐσιν 8e ο/3 
] ονν μ€γα κοιαθ(ον ?) 
το δί] μικρόν κοιαθον 



1609. METROLOGICAL FRAGMENT 97 

35 ■] oy8oov μ€ρογ 

Γ α S ^ /ζι/α [[. .]] 
[e^ei [ό ί?; S] /^Ζ-ίδ ^ ^f [ό 
[S ?7 ? J«i ^ L" 

27. KoiM( ) : κυαθο! is thus misspelled throughout, a circumstance which raises a doubt 
whether sorne other forms are correct. The cyathus was regularly ^ of a κοτύλη, but of 
varying weights and subdivisions. 

29. Irrov : or leof. 

29-31. The doubtful y of μey[aιλη might be ν in both 1. 29 and 1. 30, but in neither 
place is μ(ΐ\[κρη admissible. The restoration η μΐν κόγχη η μ(-γ[α\λη 6χ]α would suit 11. 34-5> 
where ογδοορ μιρος might follow immediately after κοιαθον, but 11. 31-2 do not seem to be 
concerned with the μικρά κόγχη, and, since the break along the left side is praciically vertical, 
it would be necessary to suppose that the beginning of 1. 31 projected by several letters 
beyond 11. 30 and 35, while it is very difficult to restore the other lines, especially 11. 32-4, 
on the hypothesis of a short lacuna or no lacuna at all at the beginnings. The κόγχη occurs 
together with κόγχη χηραμίς as a medicinal measure in Hippocrates (Hultsch, Metrol. Script, 
i. 75-6), and is equated by Hesychius and Photius to the χημη, which is treated variously 
as A Jq, i, or I of a cyathus. In the Cleopatrae tabula (Hultsch, i. 235 ; cf. 256) the 
μ(γά\η κόγχη is equated to the οξύβαφον and contains lAcyathi, weighing 15 drachmae, while 
the ϊλάττων κόγχη contains i cyathus, weighing 5 dr. The papyrus evidently gives the 
weight of the μίγάλη κόγχη as 18 dr.: the initial lacuna in 1. 31 may well have contained 
a statement of the relation of this κόγχη to a cyathus, Avhich presumably stood in the ratio 
of I : i^ to it, especially as a cyathus of 12 drachmae is indicated by 11. 35-6 ; cf. n. 

31. fx]et : or ay]ei Οι 7roi]ji or (σ\τι. 

31-2. TCT is presumably τετ{αρτη), but there is room for a letter between e and the 
vertical stroke which is supposed to represent the second r. τετάρτη is not known as a liquid 
measure, but τέταρτον μίρος or τεταρτημορίου κοτύλης occurs in Hippocratcs (Hultsch, i. 75'), 
and τέταρτον is common in the sense of ^ ξίστης or quartarius, i. e. \ κοτύλη or 3 cyathi. 
The connexion of 1. 32 with the preceding line is obscure. Only eiatv is certain. ]opai 
suggests αμφ]οραι., but άμφορεύς IS the regular Greek form : δρα\χμαι is inadmissible. 8 of Se 
is fairly certain (no figure in the thousands or hundreds will suit), but the following letter, 
if e, is very cramped, δ', i. e. δ{ραχμαί), could be read ; but in 1. 31 the ordinary symbol for 
drachmae occurs and in 1. 36, where the figures seem to refer to drachmae, the preceding 
abbreviation was different. The figure οβ {?) probably refers to drachmae, and perhaps gives 
the weight of a κοτύλη ; cf. 1. 31. 

33-6. If the genitive κ{υ)αθυν in 1. 34 is right, these lines are clearly concerned with 
a subdivision of the cyathus, the smaller measure being apparently i of it and_ weighing 
li drachmae, which is in accordance with the weight ascribed to a μεγάλη κόγχη in 1. 31, if 
the cyathus in 1609 is, as usual (cf 11. 29-3 r,n.), | of a μεγ. κόγχη. The smallest measures 

for liquids were the χημη, κόγχη [ελάττων), κοχλιάριον, μνστρΊον or λίστριον, μύστρον, and κάρνον, 

but since the measure in question is neuter, the first two need not be discussed.^ The κοχ- 
λιάριον is sometimes, e.g. in the Cleop. tab., treated as weighing i drachma, i.e. yV^f a 
cyathus there, but -^^ "^ ^^e cyathus in 1609; elsewhere (e.g. Hultsch, i. 238. 7) it weighs 
3 γράμματα, \. e. 2 drachmae. The terms μέγα and μικρόν do not occur in connexion with it, 
but something like κοχλιαριον'\ ουυ μέγα κοιαθ{ον) [έκτον (or τέταρτον, if it weighed twice the 
μικρόν) μερο! το 8ε] μικρόν κοιαθον [ — | ογ8οον μέρος can be restored in 11. 33-5, though how the 

Η 



98 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

lacunae in 11. 35-6 were filled is in any case obscure, μνστρον (Hultsch, ii. 198-9) is some- 
what less suitable than κοχΚιάριον. The piya μνστρον has sometimes 2. sometimes 3 cyathi, 
but elsewhere is 3*3 or -^ κοτύλη i. e. f or ^ cyathus, while the μικρόν μύστρον is -^^ ^^ 
■^-^ κοτύλη, i. e. 3^ or i cyathus, which is not very close to |- cyalhus. The μυστρίον or 
λίστριον, which is rarely mentioned, is the same as the μικρόν μνστρον, and unlikely to be 
distinguished as peya and μικρόν : but two kinds of κάρυα are known, the βασιλικόν, which 
Aveighed 4 drachmae in the C/eop. tab., but elsewhere 7 drachmae (Hultsch, i. 243. 8). and 
the H-ovTiKOv, which weighed i drachma (Hultsch, i. 243. 9), so that καρνον\ is as good as 
κηχΚιαριον\ in 1. 33. ovv is not very satisfactory, and the ο is uncertain; but to κά\ρν{ο)ν there 
is the objection that the tail of a ρ ought to have been visible. In the absence of any known 
measure of which the smaller size was |^ cyathus and weighed \\ drachmae, the name to 
which ptya and μικρόν refer and even the supposed connexion between 11. 34-6 remain 
doubtful. The stroke before the figures in 1. 36 is smaller than that after τΐτ in 1. 31 and 
may belong to a letter (e. g. β or μ) above the line. 

36-8. Cf the Chop. tab. (Hultsch, i. 234) η Πτολίμαϊκη μνά i'xfi o(v)y(yias) ιη, (βραχμας) 
ρμ8 ... ή ονγγία βχίΐ ^ραχμας η. 



1610. EphORUS, χϋ (or xi). 

Frs. 12+13 1 5• 2x9• I c"i• Late second or early third cen- 
tury. Plate in (Frs. i, 4-6, 15). 

These 60 fragments (originally about 70) of a lost historical work were found 
with leil, 1619, &c. ; cf. 1619. int. They are mostly quite small, the longest 
containing less than 20 complete lines-; but owing to frequent correspondences 
with Diodorus xi. 59 sqq. a large amount of restoration is possible, and about 
TOO lines in all are intelligible. In at least 16 cases the context of the fragments 
can be established, and in spite of their unpromising appearance they constitute 
a valuable find, especially since they deal with events in the Pentecontaetia, 
which are for the most part outside the scope of Herodotus' history, and are only 
briefly sketched by Thucydides. 

The handwriting is a handsome upright uncial approximating towards the 
biblical type, like 1234, 1365, and 1606, but more calligraphic than the first two. 
1012 and 1611 are also written in similar hands, but smaller. The date of the 
papyrus is not later than the early part of the third century and may go back to 
the latter part of the second, being approximately A.D. 200. There are no 
lection-marks except the common angular signs for filling up short lines, para- 
graph!, and high stops. Pauses are sometimes also indicated by blank spaces. 
The only correction is the deletion of the iota adscript of αττζθνηισκον in 1. 104 : 
elsewhere (11. 105 and 198, but not in 1. 60 ?) iota adscript was generally written, 
and, so far as can be judged, the scribe was more careful than the average. The 
lines were short, ranging from 12-17 letters and usually consisting of 14 or 15. 
The height of the columns is uncertain. All the fragments come or may come 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) 99 

from the middles of columns, except where it is otherwise stated. There is no 
external evidence to show their order, and the chronology of the twenty years 
following the battle of Plataea is in many points uncertain. The arrangement of 
Frs. 1-16 in the text is based on the order of the corresponding passages in 
Diodorus, and admits of little doubt. That Frs. 1-5 preceded 6 is clear from the 
reference to a change of subject in 1. 37. 

Of the three groups into which Frs. 1-16 fall the first, containing Frs. 1-5 
(11. 1-35; cf. 11. 36-7), is concerned with Themistocles. The most intelligible of 
them is Fr. 3, which comes from an estimate of his character and agrees very 
closely with a passage in Diod. xi. 59, no fewer than 13 consecutive words being 
identical; cf. p. 102. In Frs. 2 and 4 + 5 the division of lines is uncertain, and 
the resemblances to Diodorus are less marked, especially in the second half of 
Frs. 4 + 5, which does not correspond at all ; but the points of agreement with 
Diodorus (cf. 11. 15-17 and 18 sqq., nn.) are sufficient to show that these frag- 
ments refer to other parts of the same chapter as Fr. 3, and are to be placed 
Fr. a shortly before Fr. 3, and Frs. 4 + 5 almost immediately after it. The small 
Frs. 26 and 38 also may belong to the character of Themistocles ; cf. 11. 192-4 
and 237-9, nn. Fr. i, in which Themistocles is mentioned in 1. 7, presents 
greater difficulties, since not only are the ends of lines missing, but no direct 
parallelism to Diodorus is traceable. Probably 11. 7 sqq. refer to the reception of 
Themistocles by Xerxes at the Persian court, which in Diodorus precedes the 
character of Themistocles, and the allusion in 1. 8 to the statements of ol μ4ν is 
to be connected with the ancient discrepancies among historians as to both the 
reigning king (Artaxerxes according to Thucydides and Charon, Xerxes accord- 
ing to Ephorus, Dinon, and others), and the circumstances attending Themi- 
stocles' arrival ; cf. 11. 7-12, n. That our author, like Diodorus but unlike 
Plutarch, favoured views opposed to that of Thucydides is clear from his general 
support of Diodorus, especially with regard to the accession of Artaxerxes (Frs. 
15—16) ; but the influence of Thucydides' language is apparent in 11. 11-12 and 
evident later in Fr. 6. It is also possible that Fr. 31 is to be connected with 
Thucydides' and Diodorus' accounts of the presents of land made by the Persian 
king to Themistocles (11. 213-14, n.), and Frs. 18 and 41 with Diodorus' account 
of the adventures of Themistocles in Persia. Fr. 41 in that case comes shortly 
before Fr. i (11. 246-8, n.), while Fr. 18, if the context has been rightly caught 
(11. 140-5, n.), may be placed between Frs. i and 2, preceding Fr. ;^i, if that 
fragment too refers to Themistocles. 

The second group, consisting of Frs. 6-14, is concerned with Cimon's opera- 
tions in the Aegean and Southern Mediterranean against the Persians, which are 
summarized by Thuc. i. 98-100 and more fully treated by Diodorus and Plutarch. 

Η 2 



loo THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

The end of a digression (i. e. the excursus upon the career of Themistocles) is 
announced in 11. 36-7, and in 1. 37 a new section begins, just as in Diodorus, with 
the departure of the Greek fleet from Byzantium. This town had evidently 
already passed out of the possession of Pausanias according to our author, as is 
also implied by Diodorus and Plutarch, but not by Thucydides, whose indefinite- 
ness as to the date of Pausanias' expulsion (i. 131), coupled with a statement in 
Justin ix. I that Pausanias held the city for seven years, has led to a controversy 
whether the transference of Byzantium to the Athenians took place in 476 or 
470 B, C. ; cf. Busolt, Griech. Gesch. iii. 96^. 1610 supports the earlier date. Our 
author's account of the capture of Eion on the Strymon is clearly borrowed with 
hardly any variation from Thucydides, Herodotus' story of the heroic defence of 
the Persian governor being ignored. Diodorus here adds a sentence about the 
Athenian projects, which is probably his own invention (cf. p. 1 03) ; but his 
description of the capture of Eion is apart from some unnecessary verbiage 
equally brief, being somewhat closer to our author than to Thucydides and 
having the same general construction of the sentence (11. 37-46, n.). Plutarch's 
account, based on Herodotus, is much longer. 

The next event recorded is the capture of Scyros (1. 46), which is briefly 
mentioned by Thucydides and Diodorus. Our author, however, seems to have, 
like Plutarch, devoted much more space to this episode, which led to one of 
Cimon's most popular exploits, the recovery of the bones of Theseus. After 1. 46 
Fr. 6 breaks off ; but it is practically certain that Fr. 7, which mentions ' king 
Lyco[medes] ', is from an account of the Theseus story introduced, as by Plutarch, 
in connexion with Cimon's capture of Scyros (11. 49-51, n.), and probably Fr. "^^^, 
which mentions the Pelasgians, is to be placed between Frs. 7 and 8. It is signi- 
ficant that Diodorus' reference to the Pelasgians at Scyros is not only the sole 
mention of them in Book xi, but is also, except the mention of Byzantium, the one 
detail in his account of the operations at Eion and Scyros which is not ultimately 
traceable to Thucydides. 

After the capture of Scyros Thuc. i. 98, 3-4 proceeds to describe a war with 
Carystus in Euboea and the revolt of Naxos before coming to the twofold battle 
of the Eurymedon by sea and land (i. ico. i). Diodorus on the other hand, 
ignoring the first two events, but mentioning Cimon's return to Athens in quest 
of reinforcements, narrates the operations in Caria which led up to a naval battle 
off the coast of Cyprus on the same day as the land-battle of the Eurymedon. 
The inherent improbabiHty of Diodorus' account of the double victory, especially 
on account of the distance of Cyprus from the Eurymedon and the night-attack, 
which is a favourite stratagem in Diodorus' battles, has been generally recognized 
and ascribed to his use of Ephorus ; cf e.g. Busolt, iii. 146^ Our author's 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) lor 

account evidently agreed closely with that of Diodorus, but probably narrated 
some events omitted by him ; cf. Fr. 39 for a possible reference to the Euboean 
war. Fr. 8 is with the exception of a couple of words and a difference of order 
identical with a passage in Diodorus' description of the Carian operations, while 
Frs. 9 + 10. i + ^'^^ which narrate the sea-fight off Cyprus, are also couched in very 
similar language. The numbers of the ships on both sides taking part in the 
naval engagement agree exactly with the figures of Diodorus, the figure of the 
Persian ships being practically in accordance with that ascribed to Ephorus by 
Plutarch (350 Ephorus ; 340 1610 and Diodorus ; Phanodemus' figure, 600, is an 
obvious exaggeration) ; but the number of ships captured by Cimon is stated to 
have been 100, as in the metrical inscription which is quoted (no doubt from 
Ephorus) by Diodorus and is perhaps represented by Fr. 48 (cf. p. 102), and in 
Lycurgus and Aristodemus, whereas Diodorus himself gives the number as ' more 
than 100 ', being perhaps influenced by the different figure mentioned by Thucy- 
dides (11. 63-76, n.). A detail omitted by Diodorus, the capture of a Persian 
admiral, is recorded in 11. 'j^ sqq., and the remains of Fr. 10. ii do not clearly 
correspond to any passage in Diodorus near this point, being too slight for certain 
reconstruction (cf. 11. 77-8, n. for a suggestion). Probably they belong to the 
early part of the description of the land-battle of the Eurymedon, and are to 
be placed not long before Fr. 11, which records the killing of the Persian general 
of the land-forces, Pherendates, in language practically identical with that of 
Diodorus. This coincidence is of great importance for deciding the question of 
the authorship of 1610, for from Plutarch it is known that Pherendates' name 
occurred in Ephorus, from whom Diodorus no doubt obtained it ; cf. p. 106. 
Frs. 12 + 13 continue the account of the land-battle, and since they constitute the 
longest connected piece, afford the best material for a comparison between our 
author and Diodorus. The general resemblance between them is very marked, 
11. 94-101 presenting only trifling variants (cf pp. 103-4) ; in 11. 101-12 1610 gives 
the more precise details about the destruction of the Persians, while Diodorus 
enlarges upon the absence of the moon and its effects; cf p. 124. The small 
Fr. 14 probably came immediately after Frs. 12 + 13 (1. 114 can even belong to 
11. iia or 113), and describes one of Cimon's tactics in the land-battle in terms 
similar to but not identical with those of Diodorus. Concerning the date of the 
battle of the Eurymedon, which has been ascribed to various years between 
470 and 465 B. C. (autumn of 468 Busolt), the papyrus gives no new information 
beyond its general support of Diodorus, who assigns the engagement to 470, but 
is very confused throughout the Pentecontaetia in adapting his authority, 
Ephorus, to his own chronological system (cf p. no). It is noteworthy that 1610 
agrees with Diodorus and Frontinus as to the locality of the two battles, while 



I02 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

Polyaenus, ΛνΗο has been sometimes supposed to represent Ephorus on this point 
more exactly than Diodorus (Busolt, /. c), inverts the scene, ascribing the land- 
battle to Cyprus, the sea-fight to the Eurymedon (11. 62-76, n.). The battle of 
the Eurymedon tended in ancient times to become confused with Cimon's later 
operations at Cyprus in connexion with the Egyptian expedition, and all details 
of later historians concerning it which are inconsistent with the statements of 
Thucydides are usually rejected. The small Fr. 48, if it belongs to the inscrip- 
tion about Cimon's victories which is quoted by Diodorus, is to be placed after 
Fr. 14 (11. 267-9, n.), and Fr. 28 also perhaps refers to the land-battle of the 
Eurymedon, coming shortly before Fr. 1 1 (11. 200-2, n.). 

After the battle of the Eurymedon Diodorus (xi. 63-8) proceeds to narrate 
first the revolt of the Helots and Messenians from Sparta, secondly the war 
between Argos and Mycenae, and then turns to Sicilian affairs before reverting 
to Persian. The corresponding portion of 1610 is missing, unless Fr. 43 refers to 
the revolt of the Helots (11. 252-4, n.), and Fr. 41 to the Argive-Mycenean war 
(11. 246-8, n.). 

The third section of the papyrus consists of Frs. 15 and 16, which both refer 
to Persian affairs. Fr. 16, which relates to the plot of Artabanus to kill Xerxes 
and seize the throne, is almost verbally identical with Diodorus. The context of 
Fr. 15, which mentions Artaxerxes, is not quite certain owing to the incomplete- 
ness of the lines ; but most probably this fragment too is concerned with the plot 
of Artabanus, and immediately preceded Fr. 16, affording apparent points of 
contact with both Diodorus and Justin (11. 119 sqq., n.). 

With regard to Frs. 17-62, Fr. 53 has been assigned to 11. 67-9 (p. loi), and 
the most likely positions for Frs. 26 (p. 99), '^^ (p. 100), and 48 (p. 102) have been 
indicated, while suggestions have also been made for the possible context of 
Frs. 18 (p. 99), 28 (p. 102), 31 (p. 99), 38 (p. 99), 39 (p. loi), 41 (p. 99), 
and 43 (p. 102). Fr. 17 seems to belong to a geographical description 
of some place in connexion with a battle, being comparable e.g. to Diodorus' 
description of Plataea, but referring to a different place (11. 134-9, n.). The 
remaining fragments contain hardly any complete words, and no more instances 
of a clear correspondence with Diodorus have been detected. 

The relation of our author to Diodorus will be made clearer by the following 
table of agreements and contrasts. 

(i) Exact correspondences of 1610 wiih Diodorus. 11. 18-22 {Uavov μ\ν νττό 
TTJs 77θλ€ω9 ητιμασμίνον την 6e 77ολιι^ δια tcls (Keivov ττράξζίί) ; 3°"^ (χαλ€ΐτωτάτην . . . 
TTpos (Κζΐνον) ; ^6-6ΐ (τιαραθαλαττίων . . . ττόΚ^ων οσαι μ€ν (κ τηί Έλλάδοί ήσαν 
άττωκισμίναι τΐαραχρημα σνν[ΐττ€ΐσ€, Λvith a slight alteration in the order ; v. tn/.) ; 
63-9 (τό]ν τ[ών Υίίρσων στόλο^ν ττ€ρ\ [την Κύττρον] .... [διακοσί]αΐί ττ^νίτηκοντα tt]p[os] 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) 



103 



τριοί^κοσία^ κ\αΙ τζτταρ[άκοντα\ with slight variations in the order ; v. inf.) ; 84-8 
{τον μί]ν στρατηγού . . . [Φ€p€vbάτη]v ά^€λ[φώοΰν] . . . του βασ[ιλ4ω5 h ττ}] σκηντι) ; 
94-8 (από T7J9 rjirdpov την . . . των ττολζμίων Trpoy ras vavs) ; 267-9 (perhaps from 
a metrical inscription of 8 lines quoted by Diodorus ; cf. p. 102). 

(2) Inexact correspondences with Diodorus (additions of Diodorus other than 
verbal changes are in round brackets). 



Line. 1610. 

16-17 ''"'s] δέ τοσοΰΓθΐ[? δια τ\ΐΛν 'i.py(i^ 
22-5 Til's μεγίστης τιμη^ υττό των 'Ελλήνων 

άζιωθίΐσαν 
27-9 (το]φ[ωτάτην και δικαι]οτά[την 

3© [γξνομ€νη]ν 

^7 • . .] 'ηαρ€ξ[€β]ημίν 

37-46 'Αθηναίοι δβ Κίμωνος τον Μιλτιάδου 
στρατηγονντοί «πλίυσαιτίί €κ Βυζαντίου 
μζτα των συμμάγων Ήιοι^α την ΙττΙ Στρυ- 
μόνί Ώζρσών εχόντων ^Ιλον καΐ [Σκνρο]ν, 
ην νησον . . . 



58-60 ex T^s *Ελλάδθ9 ήσαν άττωκισμ^ναι 

63-6 το\ν τ[ών Ώζρσων στόλο]ν ττίρΐ [την 
Κύττρον συ]ντζτά[)(θαί\ 

66~7 διακοσί]αΐ9 ττίνΐτήκοντα] 

69-75 τ^αρο.ταγθζίσα9 6e •7Γθλύι; \p6vov 
ΤΓολλα? μ€ν των κιvbυv€υoυσώv βαρβαρι- 
κών νίων Ιύφθ(ΐρ€ν ίκατον δ' avrois άν- 
8ράσιν ctXe 



85 αυτών 



Diodorus. 

Tis bk rot? Ipyot? . . . τοσούτοΐί 
έτταιρομίνην 

σοφωτάτην καΐ ξτη€ΐκίστάτην 

γ€γ€νημ€νην 

ττΐττλίονάκαμζν τταρξκβάντζς 

Αθηναίοι στρατηγόν ίλόμζνοι Κίμωνα 
τον Μ. {και bύvaμιv άζιόλογον TrapabovTCs 
€ξ4ττ€μψαν €ΐτΙ την τταράλιον τψ 'Ασίας 
βοηθήσοντα μ\ν τοις συμμαχούσαις ττόλβσιν, 
ζλίνθίρώσοντα be τάί Τί^ρσικαΐί en φρου- 
pais κατ^χομίνας.) ovtos bk τταραλαβων τον 
στόλον €v Βυζαντίω και (so Reiske ; καΐ iv 
Βυζ. MSS. ; και €κ Βυζ. is suggested by 
the parallel in 1610) καταττλζύσας im 
ττόλιν την όνομαζομίνην Ήιο'ι/α, ταύτην μ€ν 
ΐΐ^ρσών κατίχ^όντων (\€ΐρώσατο, Σκϋρον δέ 
ΐΐίλασγών ^νοικονντων και Αολότιων e^e- 
ττολιόρκησζ καΐ κτίστην 'Αθήναιον κατά- 
στησαν κατ€κληρονγτισ€ την γωραν. 

ήσαν €Κ της 'Ελλ. άπωκ. ταύτας 

τον στόλ. των Π. bιaτpίβ€ιv ττζρι την Κ. 

διακ. και ττ^ντήκ. ναυσΐ 

γενομένου δ' αγώνος Ισχυρού {και των 
στόλων αμφοτέρων λαμττρώς αγωνιζομένων 
το τίλζυταιον ίνίκων οι 'Αθηναίοι και) 
ττολλάς μ€ν των εναντίων νανς ^ίφθζίραν, 
{τΐλ^ίονς) b\ των ίκατον συν αντοίς τοις 
avbpάσι άλον 

των βαρβάρων {τον irepov) 



[04 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



93 εχθροί ?] ^ίίτί.Κ\ουν ο Jires 

94 [dutrjre νομίζοντ€3 

g6 ζφοζον αυτοΐς y^yovivai 

98-101 ζφζνγον νττολαμβάΐ'οντζ^ eirat φι- 

101—12 ου bi] ττολλοί μ^ν ΰττο των κανα- 



τά ττροί avTovs άλλοτρίωζ exorras(?) 

bid καΐ νομίσαντα 

βττίφοράν elvai, 

ω$ ττρόί φίλίαί (φίνγον 

r?]s be vvKTos (οΐισης άσξληνου και σ.<ο- 



Χζίφθέντων (κίΐ φυλάκων ατίθντίίτκον iv τανη^) συνίβαιν^ την άγνοιαν ττολυ μαΚλον 

τ?? νυκτί, ττολλοΙ δέ ζώντ€^ ηλίσκοντο ο.νζ^σθαι και μηbίva τάληθ^ί bύvaσθaι 

TTepiTTLTiTovTes τοΐί'Έλλησίν δια την άττο- Ibelv. διό και ττολλοΰ φόνου γβνομ^νου δια 

ρίαν ϋττου τράτϊοιντο και τον [€]ζ[αίφνης την άταζίαν των βαρβάρων 
aijTols ([TiineaovTa φόβ]ον 



114-18 restoration uncertain 

124-6 αυτοί κατα[σγ^(ϊν την βασιλβίαν 

ΐβουλόμ](νο5 
128-32 άν€\κοίνοΰ[το την ....]. ίν ~pds 



Cf. 11. Τ 14-16, η. 

eKpivtv . . . την βασ. els eaυτυv μeτaστησaι. 

άνακυίνωσ-άμ€νο5 be την ίτιβουλην ττροί 



[τον eivoij\ov] Μι0ρι[δάτ7/Γ καταΐκοιμι- Μ. τον evv. δ? ην κατακοιμιστηί τον βασ. 
\στην του βασιλί\ωί 

(3) Omissions in Diodorns. 11. 7~ΐ4 (different accounts of Themistocles' 
reception by Xerxes); 15, 25-6, and 32-5 (sentences in the estimate of Themis- 
tocles); 47-51 and 228-30? (the episode of Cimon's recovery of the bones of 
Theseus) ; 57 {καλονμ€νων) ; 75—6 (capture of a Persian admiral) ; 87 (οντά) ; 
119-22 and 125-7 (details of the plot of Artabanus). Besides these 11. 1-7, 
^2-5, 77—83, 111-13, and 134—9, all of which are incomplete and obscure, seem to 
belong to passages not corresponding to anything in Diodorus, as is also the case 
with many of the minor fragments. 

Where 1610 and Diodorus agree as to the sense, but express themselves 
differently, sometimes one, sometimes the other is longer ; but on the whole 
Diodorus in the chapters covered by 1610 is distinctly the shorter of the two, 
details and even whole episodes which occur in 1610 being absent in his work. 
We postpone the discussion of the few passages in which he is fuller than 1610, 
until the question of the authorship of the papyrus has been decided (cf. p. iii) ; 
for the present it is sufficient to point out that none of Diodorus' additional 
sentences or phrases contains anything striking or implies any real divergence 
from 1610, except perhaps in 1. 74 {-TrXeiovs των εκατόν for leio's εκατόν with regard 
to the number of ships captured by Cimon off Cyprus). Beside the conspicuous 
points of agreement the differences between 1610 and Diodorus, apart from his 
omissions, in any case appear trivial. 

The remarkably close resemblance between our author and Diodorus must 



1610. EPHORUS, Xll {OR XI) 105 

be explained in one of three ways. Either one of the two writers was copying 
the other, or they derived their common information from the same source, i. e. 
from the historian who is now always supposed to underlie Diodorus' account of 
the Pentecontaetia, Ephorus. Between these alternatives the choice admits in 
our opinion of hardly any doubt. The agreements between 1610 and Diodorus, 
which sometimes amount to the identity of a whole sentence and extend over not 
only the narrative but moral reflexions upon the character of individuals, are too 
marked to be explained satisfactorily by the hypothesis of a common source ; 
and there is no historian among Ephorus' contemporaries and successors who has 
any particular claim to be regarded as the author of 1610. Theopompus, apart 
from the great antecedent improbability that he would slavishly copy Ephorus 
(or Ephorus him), dealt with the Pentecontaetia in an excursus upon Athenian 
demagogues in Book χ of the Φιλιτττηκά (Fr. 90 Grenfell-Hunt), whereas 1610 has 
all the appearance of belonging to a comprehensive history of Greece. The 
detailed description of the plot of Artabanus (Frs. 15-16), which is probably in 
part derived from Ctesias (11. 119 sqq., n.), does not at all suggest an Άτθί?, and 
Phanodemus at any rate is excluded by his divergence from 1610 as to the size 
of the Persian fleet in the sea-fight off the Eurymedon or Cyprus (11. 62-76, n.). 
Callisthenes— apart from the fact that his histories primarily dealt with the fourth 
century B.C.— is excluded by his disagreement with 1610 on the subject of the 
name of the Persian general of the land-forces in the battle of the Eurymedon 
(11. 84-8, n.). Of the historians (other than Ephorus), who according to Plut. 
Tkemist. 27 (cf. 11. 7-12, n.) represented Themistocles as a suppliant to Xerxes, 
like 1610, Dinon and Heraclides wrote histories of Persia, not of Greece, 
Clitarchus an account of Alexander's Asiatic campaigns. Cratippus, whose 
claims required to be considered in connexion with the Hellenica Oxyrhynchia 
(842), wrote a continuation of Thucydides. 1610 might conceivably be the work 
of another historian of about the age of Diodorus, following Ephorus with equal 
fidelity ; but it is much more likely that the agreements between 1610 and 
Diodorus are due to the circumstance that one Avork was the immediate authority 
for the other. 

The hypothesis that 1610 is based upon Diodorus may safely be dismissed. 
The papyrus was written only about two centuries after him, and the view that 
it represents the work of a historian of the Roman period, who was copying 
Diodorus, is open to several objections. Of Diodorus himself there are no extant 
papyri and Plutarch is equally unrepresented. The circulation in Egypt of the 
works of the later Greek historians was evidently rather limited, and about 
A.D. 200 people still preferred the more famous writers (cf. p. no). The partial 
survival of Diodorus, who is never cited by heathen writers, though the title of 



io6 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

his history was known to Pliny, is due to the circumstance that his work happened 
to suit the Christians (Schwartz in Pauly-Wissowa, Realencycl. v. 664) ; and to 
suppose that he served as the main authority for another and still more 
elaborate history of Greece composed not later than A.D. 150 is to attribute to 
him an importance to which he has no claim. 12, a historical composition of the 
Roman period in Egypt, illustrates the kind of synchronistic Graeco-Roman 
annals which \vere utilized by Diodorus (cf. Schwartz, op. cit. v. d^^^ but bears 
no resemblance to 1610. A survey of the differences between our author's and 
Diodorus' accounts of the same events (cf. pp. J03-4) is distinctly unfavourable 
to the hypothesis that 1610 is the later of the two. Thus in narrating the 
capture of Scyros our author is much more detailed, describing incidents which 
are ignored by Thucydides and Diodorus, but not by Plutarch. The new details 
in 1610 concerning the sea and land battles near the Eurymedon, though perhaps 
of no great historical value, at any rate indicate a serious historian of a higher 
calibre and distinctly better informed than Diodorus. There is every reason to 
suppose that our author was earlier, not later, than Diodorus, and the way is now 
clear for a discussion of the remaining hypothesis, that Diodorus was copying our 
author, who is no other than Ephorus himself. 

The identification of our author with Ephorus is supported by many con- 
siderations, (i) Ephorus was a well-known and popular writer, extensively used 
by writers of the Roman period, so that his works would be expected to turn up 
in Egypt. 

(2) The most important argument of all is that 1610 coincides Avith Ephorus 
and Diodorus both as to the visit of Themistocles to Xerxes, not Artaxerxes 
(cf. p. 99), and the name of the Persian general Pherendates (11. 84-8, n.), while 
1610's and Diodorus' figure (340) of the ships in the Persian fleet in the sea-battle 
off Cyprus is practically identical with the figure (350) ascribed to Ephorus 
(11, 62-76, n.). The slight difference may well be due either to a corruption in 
the MSS. of Plutarch {v for μ), or to a rounding-off of Ephorus' figure by that 
writer. These three are the only extant pieces of direct evidence concerning 
Ephorus' narrative of the events covered by the papyrus, and the coincidence 
with regard to Pherendates, whose name is a certain restoration in 1. 86, is 
particularly weighty. 

(3) The close relationship between 1610 and Diodorus, though this resem- 
blance often extends beyond the point which with the scanty available evidence 
could hitherto be proved as regards Ephorus and Diodorus, is in the main such 
as has been generally considered to exist between those two historians ; cf. pp. 105 
and 1 1 1-2 and Schwartz, op. cit. v. 679. 

(4) The general relation of 1610 to Plutarch, \vho has been thought (e.g. by 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) 107 

Busolt) to have followed other historians, e.g. Theopompus, Heraclides, and 
Callisthenes, more than Ephorus in dealing with the Pentecontaetia, is also quite 
in keeping with what would be expected to be found in Ephorus. Particular 
statements of Plutarch with regard to Ephorus are verified (all three pieces 
of evidence discussed in (2) are obtained from Plutarch) ; but as a rule Plutarch 
preferred a different authority, though his account of Cimon's recovery of the 
bones of Theseus may have been obtained from 1610 (11. 49-5 1> "•)• 

(5) The traces of connexion between 1610 and (i) Justin (11. 119 sqq., n.), 
who certainly used Ephorus, (2) Polyaenus, (3) Frontinus (11. 62-76, n.), and 
(4) Aristodemus (11. 7-12, 62-76, nn.), are such as would be expected to occur, if 
Ephorus is the author. 

(6) The account of the capture of Eion in 1610 (11. 37-46, n.) is borrowed 
straight from Thucydides, whom Ephorus is supposed to have used. Elsewhere 
he differs conspicuously from Thucydides, as was known, with regard to two 
incidents which occur in 1610, the appeal of Themistocles to Xerxes and the sea- 
fight off Cyprus (11. 7-12 and 62-76, nn.), an apparent indirect allusion being 
made to Thucydides' account of the former incident. 

(7) The arrangement of the narrative in 1610, in which events are evidently 
grouped not annalistically as in Thucydides, but rather according to subject, is in 
accordance with the definite statement of Diodorus v. i concerning the arrange- 
ment adopted by Ephorus (κατά yivo's : cf. p. no). 

(8) The disposition of our author to digress and moralize, which is illustrated 
by his excursus upon Themistocles, is quite in harmony with Polybius' reference 
(xii. 28) to Ephorus' fondness for irap^Kfiaaeis and γνωμολογίαι. 

(9) The interest shown by our author in antiquarian lore, exemplified by 
the excursus on Theseus (p. 100), accords very well with Ephorus' known interest 
in that subject (cf. Schwartz, oJ>. cit. vi. 13). 

(10) The prominence of the Athenians in 1610 is in keeping with the 
supposed sympathies of Ephorus (cf Schwartz, op. cit. vi. 14), though these have 
been disputed (cf. Walker, Hell. Oxy. 107). 

(11) The historical arguments are to some extent reinforced by linguistic 
evidence, for there is a general similarity of style between 1610 and the extant 
fragments of Ephorus. Actual quotations of his words are very few, but there 
are occasional agreements in them with 1610 in points of diction (cf. 11. 26, 94-9, 
I03-4, 1 14-16, nn.), though these are not very striking. The careful avoidance 
of hiatus (cf. 11. 59-60), the monotonous frequency of antitheses, and a decided 
tendency to verbosity, especially in the reflexions upon Themistocles, accord very 
fairly with the judgements of ancient critics upon Ephorus' style ; cf. Cicero, 
Hortens. Fr. 12 qiiid . . .. Ephoro mitius inveniri potest ? ', Brut. 204 lenissimupt 



io3 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

Ephori ingenmni ; Dio Chrys. xviii, p. 283 Έφορο? 5e τϊολΧψ μΐν ίστορίαν τταρα- 
οώωσιν, το δέ νπτων καΐ άν€ίμ€νον της άτταγγβλίας σοι ουκ €τητηδ€ων. The digression 
on Themistocles, if, as is practically certain, the whole of Diod. xi. 58. 4-59 was 
taken with very little change from our author, contains somewhat more rhetoric 
than would be expected to appear in Ephorus, and is nearer to Frs. 317 and 283 
(Grenfell-Hunt) of Theopompus, which also have a series of rhetorical questions, 
than to anything in Ephorus' extant fragments. But for reasons which have 
been given (p. 105) Theopompus is quite unsuitable as the author of 1610, and in 
spite of the well-known saying of Isocrates about his two illustrious pupils that 
Ephorus required the spur, Theopompus the bit, the two disciples of that master 
probably had many rhetorical devices in common. 

Our conclusion therefore is that at last there is a papyrus which, especially 
in view of its coincidences with fragments of Ephorus, and its close agreements 
with Diodorus, can be ascribed to Ephorus with overwhelming probability. 

The books of Ephorus' Ίστορίαι which dealt with the period round that 
which is covered by 1610 were x-xiii ; cf. Schwartz, op. cit. vi. 5. Fr. 107 (Muller) 
from Book χ is concerned with Miltiades at Paros and belongs to the interval 
between Marathon and Salamis. A fragment from Schol. Aristid. p. 515. 22 
(Muller, FHG. iv. 642) refers to the fine of 50 talents imposed on Miltiades 
and paid by Cimon when a young man (Plut. Cimon 4), i. e. before the events 
recorded in 1610. The scholiast gives as his source "Y.^opQ<i Iv τύ\ ττρώττ], which is 
usually corrected to Ιι^δεκάτ??. There is also a difficulty about the number of the 
book in Eph. Fr. 109 ; for his discussion of various opinions upon the causes of 
the rise of the Nile is ascribed by most MSS. of Theo Progynin. to Book xi, but 
one MS. has Iv τ?} τ:ΙμτΐΤΎ\ in the margin, and Joannes Lydus, in referring to the 
same discussion, attributes it τ\\ -πρώττι, which has been usually corrected, as in 
the other case, to Η•ο€κάτ•)]. Muller accepts τΐ€μ7ττΐ] as right on the reasonable, 
and in our opinion sufficient ground that Book ν was geographical and is 
known to have been concerned with Asia and Libya ; but Schwartz (/. c.) accepts 
ΐν^ζκάτΊ], suggesting (what does not seem very probable) that an excursus on 
Egypt may have occurred in connexion with the revolt of Inarus, which is 
narrated by Diodorus in the chapters immediately following those corresponding 
to Frs. 15-16 of 1610. After Fr. 109 there is no fragment of Ephorus which can 
be assigned with certainty to a particular event and book until Fr. 126 from 
Book xvii is reached. This records the death of Alcibiades and corresponds 
to Diod. xiv. II. Fr. no, however, a mention of a Sicilian island Ύνχία in 
Book xii, is doubtfully connected by Schwartz (I.e.) with the expulsion of 
Thrasybulus from Syracuse in about 466 B.C. (Diod. xi. 68), and Fr. 124, a 
mention of "Εντ^λα in Sicily in Book xvi, is thought by him to refer probably 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) 109 

to the early history of Dionysius (cf. Died. xiv. 9). It is therefore not clear to 
which book 1610 belonged ; but evidently xi or xii is the most suitable. 

The new discovery in any case adds fresh fuel to the controversy concerning 
the authorship of two other papyri from the same site, the Hellenica Oxyrhynchia 
(842) and a fragment concerning the Orthagoridae in Sicyon (1365). In our first 
edition of 842 we discussed the claims of Ephorus, Theopompus, and Cratippus 
to be regarded as the author, and eventually decided doubtfully in favour of 
Theopompus, a hypothesis which was advocated by E. Meyer and found con- 
siderable favour in Germany, but very little in this country. The claims of 
Cratippus were formerly advocated by Walker {Klio ν'ϋλ. 356-71) and are still 
supported by the latest editor of the Hell. Oxy., J. H. Lipsius. The case for 
Ephorus has been well stated by Judeich (Rhein. Mns. 1911. 94-139), and more 
fully by Walker {Hell. Oxy. 19 12), whose able advocacy has gained many 
adherents. With regard to 1365 our view that Ephorus (or Aristotle ?) might be 
the author has been disputed by M. Lenchantin de Gubernatis {Atti Ace. Torino, 
li. 290-305), on the ground that the oracle mentioned by Diodorus referred to 
Andreas himself, implying that he was to be the first tyrant, whereas 1365 states 
that Andreas' son Orthagoras was the first tyrant. This objection, however, 
does not seem to us insuperable, for Diodorus' words are on Σίκνωνίοΐί ^χρησ^ν ή 
ΥΙνθία €κατον €τη μασηγονομ.ηθζσθαί avrovs. ζΤΤ€ρωτησάντων δε αυτών tls ο ταντα 
ττοίήσων τταλίν αττ^κριθη ώ αν κατατΐλ^νσαντ^^ ττρωτω γ€γ€νηιχ€νον νίυν άκονσωσιν . . ., 
which points to the υίο? (Orthagoras) as the important person. 

The authorship of 842 is too large a question to be adequately rediscussed 
here, but the main bearings of the new find upon the problem, assuming that we 
are right in attributing 1610 to Ephorus, may be indicated. Firstly, the agree- 
ments between 842 and Diodorus, which could only be explained by his direct 
or indirect use of the author of 842, and which constituted the most solid 
argument in favour of the view that Ephorus was the writer in question (cf. Part v. 
125-7 5 Walker, op. eit. 50 sqq.), are less marked indeed than the correspondences 
of 1610 with Diodorus in Frs. 3, 8-1 1, 16, but are on much the same level as 
those in Frs. 4-6, 12 + 13, 15. Secondly, the relation of 842 to Plutarch and 
Justin is similar to that of 1610 to those authors. In both papyri the connexion 
with Plutarch is slight, but their influence upon Justin is traceable. Thirdly, 
the scale of the history in the two papyri is not dissimilar, when allowances are 
made for the comparative paucity of evidence for the more ancient period. 1610, 
though its account of the capture of Eion reproduces the brevity of Thucydides, 
not the details of Herodotus (cf. 11. 37-46, n.), was evidently on a large scale, 
being even more detailed than Diodorus, so far as can be judged. Hence the 
discovery of 1610 goes some way to remove the supposed difficulty (cf. Part v, 



no THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

I. c, and in answer to it Walker, op. cit. 32 sqq.) that Ephorus' history was less 
detailed than 842. Fourthly, while in 842 the narrative was arranged chrono- 
logically in the style of Thucydides, in 1610 the arrangement bears no sign of 
being annalistic, and was evidently to a large extent according to subject; 
cf. p. 107. Here 1610 rather damages the position of Judeich, who {pp. cit. no) 
minimized one of the chief difficulties in the attribution of 842 to Ephorus, the 
fact that according to Diodorus v. i Ephorus' history was arranged κατά yivos, 
and maintained that Ephorus did write more or less annalistically. Walker's 
position, on the other hand, is less affected, for he had acutely divined {op. cit. 30-1) 
from Diodorus' account of the Pentecontaetia that Ephorus' account of it was 
arranged according to subject, not annalistically, just as in fact 1610 shows it to 
have been with regard to two of the three incidents selected by Walker as 
evidence (Themistocles in Persia, and Cimon's operations up to the battle of the 
Eurymedon). This divergence, however, between 1610 and 842 (which belongs 
to Book xviii, if it is by Ephorus) remains something of a difficulty in spite 
of Walker's arguments {op. cit. 3a sqq.) for the view that in the later books of 
Ephorus greater respect was paid to the annalistic method. Fifthly, speeches 
in the style of Thucydides do not occur in either papyrus, but each of them has 
at least one excursus (842 on the Boeotian constitution, 1610 on Themistocles ; 
that in 842. χ on the character of an individual is too incomplete to be at all 
intelligible). Lastly, there are rather more agreements in diction between 
1610 and 842 (cf. 15-17, 56-61, 73-4, 24-9> ioi> I04. i^i, 123, nn.) than 
between 1610 and the extant fragments of Ephorus (cf. p. 107), which owing to 
the length of 842 is not surprising, and the general style of 842 is not unlike 
that of 1610. 

With regard to 1365, the circumstance that the parallel account in a frag- 
ment of Diodorus breaks off just before the point at which the papyrus begins 
prevents us from knowing the extent of their resemblance ; but they combine in 
most respects remarkably well. The fondness for the genitive absolute and the 
repetition of the article with an adjective placed after a substantive, which were 
noted (Part xi. 107) as characteristics of 1365, do not appear in 1610, but the 
general style is not at all dissimilar. The wide range of the library to which 1610 
belonged and, to a less extent, that of the library containing 842 (1365 was found 
with only a couple of Homeric fragments) render us unwilling to lay much 
stress on the circumstance that all three papyri, which are approximately con- 
temporaneous, come from the same site. In about A. D. 300 copies of most of 
the Greek authors of the first rank and many of the second and third were 
probably still in circulation at Oxyrhynchus. But the historian who would be 
expected to come next in popularity to Herodotus, Thucydides, and Xenophon 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) iii 

is Ephorus, not Theopompus, whose works had already begun to perish in 
Diodorus' time (Theop. Fr. 28 Grenfell-Hunt, βνβλονς όκτω irpos tols ττ^ντηκοντα 
(ξ ων TT€VT€ bLaφωvoΰσLv) ; and if, as we are rather disposed to infer from the joint 
connexion with Diodorus, 842, 1365, and 1610 are the work of one author, he is 
certainly Ephorus. 

To summarize the chief points of value in 1610 from the point of view of our 
identification of its author with Ephorus, (i) the most important is that it enables 
us to realize for the first time at all adequately the debt of Diodorus, particularly 
in Book xi, to that author. That the younger historian was under great 
obligations to the older has long been supposed, but, since Diodorus also used 
various other authors, the extent and method of his use of Ephorus, whose name 
he rarely mentions, had nearly always to be guessed rather than proved. That 
he sometimes incorporated whole sentences or even chapters with little or no 
change, at other times merely paraphrased or abbreviated his main authority, 
compressing some details and omitting some episodes altogether, but adding, so 
far as 1610 goes (cf. pp. 102-4), hardly anything of his own, is not only new 
but very valuable information. Where Diodorus is perceptibly longer than or 
different from Ephorus in 1610, the new matter is probably in the main an 
amplification introduced for the sake of variety (11. 37-46, loi-io) or a mere 
rhetorical exaggeration (11. 69-75), though in regard to the latter passage some 
of Diodorus' variations may be due to deference for Thucydides (11. 62-76, n.). 
It is particularly instructive that Diodorus' account of the twofold battle of the 
Eurymedon, which is just one of the cases where his precise relation to Ephorus 
was most in doubt owing to the divergent evidence of Polyaenus (11. 62-76, n.), 
proves to be on the whole a very faithful reproduction of the older historian, and 
that a digression such as that in Diod. xi. 58. 4-59 on Themistocles is now 
shown to have been borrowed almost verbally from Ephorus. Evidently 
Diodorus was a writer of very slight originality, and a future editor of Ephorus' 
fragments will be able to include most of Diod. xi with confidence. His debt 
to Ephorus in that book is almost as great as are his obligations to Agatharchides 
in iii. 12-48, where a comparison of Diodorus with the excerpts of Agatharchides 
riept τψ kpvdpas θαλάσσης preserved by Photius shows that everything in Diodorus 
down to the most minute details is borrowed from the older writer. Theopompus 
on the other hand, so far as the Pentecontaetia is concerned, does not seem to have 
been utilized to any serious extent by Diodorus. The effect of 1610 upon 
the criticism of other books of Diodorus, especially xii-xv, is also likely to be 
considerable, but the discussion of these falls outside our present scope. It is 
clear, however, that much of Diodorus' work, which could be ignored, so long 
as his statements were regarded as merely those of a writer of the Augustan 



112 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

age, will henceforth have to be treated with the respect due to the celebrated 
fourth century B. c. historian whom he was to a large extent copying. 

(2) There is now much more material for estimating the scale of Ephorus' 
history of the fifth century B. C. Diodorus seems to have incorporated most of 
the essential parts, but by no means all the details and digressions, and Ephorus, 
as is shown by the account of the land-battle of the Eurymedon and the plot of 
Artabanus, evidently wrote at very considerable length, though his account 
of the capture of Eion ignores the material available from Herodotus, and the 
sea-fight off Cyprus is described in a few lines. His system in dealing with the 
Pentecontaetia v/as to group events by subjects, not by definite years, an 
arrangement which led Diodorus into great confusion about the chronology of 
this period. But in dealing with the fourth century B. c, which occupied the 
second half of Ephorus' Ιστορίαι. he may have employed a different method. 

(3) With regard to the sources of Ephorus, 1610 exhibits one clear case of 
direct borrowing from Thucydides (11. 37-46, n.), and an apparent reference to 
him in an allusion to authorities vaguely described as ol μίν (1. 8, η.) ; but in 
other respects 1610 comes into marked conflict with him ; cf. p. 107. Herodotus 
is not utilized in connexion with the capture of Eion, and Frs. 15-16 do not 
display any verbal connexion with the Πβρσικά of Ctesias, though Diodorus' 
language in a passage in this context betrays a use of that author ; cf 11. 119 sqq., n. 
There is now more reason than ever to suppose that the metrical inscription 
upon Cimon's victories was quoted by Diodorus from Ephorus (11. 267-9, n.). 

(4) Of later writers, other than Diodorus, who dealt with the Pentecontaetia, 
Plutarch kept Ephorus' history in view, but preferred to follow other authorities, 
while echoes of Ephorus are found in Justin, Aristodemus, Polyaenus, and 
Frontinus (p. 107). 

(5) For Ephorus' style the evidence is still scanty, and it is difficult to judge 
it fairly from fragments so discontinuous and brief as those in 1610. But it does 
not seem to have been much better than that of Diodorus, the leading charac- 
teristics of it being easiness, verbosity, and tameness, with a tendency to 
break into rhetoric (cf. pp. 107-8). 

(6) The discovery of 1610 affects many points in the controversy concerning 
the authorship of 842, and to a less extent that of 1365. On the whole it rather 
supports the attribution of 842 to Ephorus, since it tends to remove the difficulty 
caused by the elaborate scale of that work, and reinforces the most solid 
argument for ascribing it to Ephorus, the evident traces of connexion between 
842 and Diodorus. In the light of 1610 it is increasingly difficult to explain 
those agreements with Diodorus from the point of view that 842 is the work of 
Theopompus or Cratippus. On the other hand the resemblances between 1610 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) 113 

and Diodorus often reach far beyond the point attained by 842, and the principal 
obstacle to the attribution of 842 to Ephorus remains in a somewhat accentuated 
form, the strictly chronological system imitated from Thucydides, which is found 
in 842, as contrasted with Ephorus' arrangement according to subject, which is 
well illustrated by 1610. With regard to 1365 there is less evidence for the 
extent of its resemblance to Diodorus, but the hypothesis that it came from an 
early book of Ephorus still remains attractive. 

Ephorus, in spite of his celebrity and wealth of new information not to be 
found in Herodotus, Thucydides, or Xenophon, was not a great historian, and to 
judge by 1610 it may be doubted whether in his treatment of the fifth century B. c, 
which brought him into frequent conflict with Thucydides, many of the novelties 
were of real historical value. The servility of Diodorus, who, as it now appears, 
followed Ephorus almost blindly through that period, and was practically 
incapable of original composition, has probably prevented us from losing very 
much when Books x-xv of the older historian perished. With his history of the 
fourth century B. c. the case is different. Here Ephorus is likely to have been as 
well informed as Xenophon, Theopompus, or any other, and if he was the author 
of the account of Agesilaus' and Conon's campaigns and the excursus on the 
Boeotian constitution in 842, his merits were by no means inconsiderable. Even 
with regard to quite early Greek history he was sometimes, if 1365 is from his 
work, distinctly independent of Herodotus and rather valuable. 

It is in any case satisfactory that with the recovery of these fragments of 
Ephorus' history of the Pentecontaetia the ' higher criticism ' of Diodorus not 
only can point henceforth to several substantial verifications of the methods of 
modern research in ancient history, but enters a new phase. 

Fr. I. Plate iii. Fr. 2. 

[ ] . aj/ Ac[. . . . 15 . . •]ωί/ ζσπου8[ασζ 



\i ποτ€ τ 



Tis ?] Se τοσουτοι[ς δι 

[ ]tV^ ?■[•••• α ? τ]ων ζργω[ν .... 

[ ]νι . [. . ανα 

5 y\K\aiov [ejo-rij' [ P'r. 3• 

e_i[y] τα τοτζ. π[€/)£ rov [ ]^ • [• •]^• •] ^^\_^ίνον 

Θ€μιστοκλξο[νς λί fiev υπο της 7roXe[<»y 

γονσι δ ol μ^ν ο\τι υπ€ 2θ ητιμασμξνον τ[ην 

μνησ^ν αντ[ον ων δζ ττοΧιν δια τ[α\γ e 

10 nepi τ€ της ν[αυμα k€lvov 7r/3a^e[i?] της 

χιας και της γΐ^φυρας μέγιστης τιμής wo 



χ 14 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

12 [7rpo]r/yyetX€• π[€ρί 8i των Ελληνωρ ail 

[τη]9 νανμαχ[ία9 ... 25 ωθ^ισαν η μ^γαλην 

[, .] . α[ [ηγζμονι ?]af οίον τ . 

Frs. 4 + 5• Plate ϋί. Fr. 6. Plate iii. 

σο]φ[ωτατην και €ί(ίτι[μζν . . . oOev ? 

δικαι ?]:>τα[την . . . παρ€ξ[(β]ημ€ν' Α[θη 

. . . Ατα[τ]η[ν] Ι κ[αι ναιοι [B]e Κ[ϊ\μωνος 

30 χα\ζπ](ύτατ\ην [yivo τον Μι[\]τιαΒον στρα 

μ^νη\ν ττρος | €Ke[ivov 40 τηγον[ντ]οζ €Κπλ€υ 

οι δ υ\ιτο\αμβανου[σιν σαντ€? €Κ Βνζαντι 

ΟΤΙ eiJTrep φου\η[6η ον μζτα των σνμμα 

CK ? δο]υναι ττ)[ν ηγ€ χων [Ηι]ονα την €πι 

35 μονια '?]ν απα[ ^τρ[νμο]νι Περσών e 

45 χοΐ'[τω]ι/ ζίΧον και 
['Χκνρολν ην νησ^ο^γ 

Fr. 7. Fr. 8. 

Col. i. Col. ii. παραθ^άλα^ττιων 

Γ λτην ... κa\o^^υμζvω\y ττοΧζ 

[ ]veiTai [.]ο[ ων οσ\αι μ€ν €κ τ[779 

Γ ] . η^' αν πρω[ Ελ\α]δος ησα[ν α 

50 [τον γαρ ? πρ]ο9 Λνκο μαν[ 6ο πω]κίσμ€ναι π[αρα 

[μηδην τον β]ασιλ€α 55 ^l^^ii ]ΧΡ^Κ*] ο•νν[ζπ€ΐσ€ 

Frs. 9 + 10 + 53• Fr. II. 

Col. i. Col. ii. [ τον μ(]ν 

[ Κίμων ττνν] 85 [στρατηγο]ν αντων 

[θανομ€νο9 το]ν τ[ων [Φ€ρΐνδατη]ν αδ^λ 

[Πίρσ-ων στολο]ν π€ρι [φιδονν ov7]a τον βασ[ι 

65 [την Κνπρον σν]ντ€τα [λεω? iv τηι] σκηνηι [ 
[χθαι δίακοσί]αΐ9 7rei/[ 
[τηκοντα 7Γ]ρ[ο?]| τρια[ 
[κοσια? κ]αι τζτ\ταρ[α 
[κοντά] παραταχ[θζΐ 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) 



"5 



70 [σ]α9 ^e ττοΧνν \povo[v 






TToWas μ^ν των κ\ιν 




• • 


8vvevova(cv βαρβα[ρι 




ληνΐ 


K(uv ν(.ων 8ΐ€φθ€[ι 




λα . [ 


[pjer• ξκατον δ αντοΐ9 




KUL . [ 


75 [a]u8paaiv [e]tXe ζωγρη 


80 


πατ[ 


[σας τ]ον π[ ]ων 




τί τω[ 

τω[ 

τω[ 


Frs. 12 + 13• 






Col. i. Col. 


ii. 




[ 


...]. 





9θ ] 



[. .] δί€Τίλ[ονν o]uT€S• 
[ωσ]Γ€ νομιζοντζ^ α 

95 το της ηπ(.ιρ[ου\ την 
ζφοδον αντ[οις yey]o 
vevai των π[ο]λ€/χί 
ων προζ τα.[ς] ναν[ς] € 
φ€υγον νπο[λ]αμβα 

ιοο vovT€S αντοις €ΐ[ν]αί 
φιλίας ου δη π[ο\\λοι 
μ€ν νπο των κατά 
λαφθ^ντων €K€L 
φυλάκων απ(θνη]^ί^ 

105 [σκο^] ξ ν τη ι νυκτι 
[7ΓΟ\λλοι δξ ζωντ€ς η 
λισκοντο τηριπιτττον 
rey τοις Ελλη\σιν \ δια 
την απορι[α^ν οττου 

Ι ΙΟ τ[ρ]απ[ο]ί[ί'7Ό] | και τον 
[<ί\^[αιφνης\ Ι αυτοις e 
[πιπ^σοντα φοβ J]ov 
[ .* . . . ']ατα 



Fr. 14• 
] στρα[τιωτ ? 

115 ] v^i'^T ? 

αν }]τοις πνρ[σον ? 

]ιηνα[ 
]ον . [ 

Fr. 15• Plate iii. 
[ τ ?]ους [ 

120 [. . . λογχ '?]οφορους ω[ν 

[ ]ων €τυγχα[ 

[v€v Α]ρτα^€ρξης [ 
[αμα μ]€ν αυτός κατά 
[σχίΐν ? τ]τ}ν βασιλ^ιαν 

125 [βονλο } μ\ίνος' αμα δζ 
[δ^διω ?]f μη πραγ 
[μα 

Fr. 16. 

[ ανζ\κοίνου 

[το ? την ....]. IV προς 
130 [τον ^υνουχον] Μιθρι 
[δατην κατα]ι<[ο]ιμί 
[στην τον βασίλ€]ως 

[ > 



Ι 2 



ii6 



135 



Fr. 17. 

. ... So '?]λιχου t[. 
] . βραχυν τόπον [. 
jf KUL του στρατ[. 

.] και μονοί των [ 

•] rioJnOiy π[. . . . 

. . .]ι/οι/ e[. . . . 



Γ//^ OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

Fr. 18. 

140 ]^e[ 



Col. i. 



152 ]αλ 



/^ί? 



]ϋΓ 



Fr. 20. 

Col. ii. 

155 •[ 

^.[ 

7Γ€ . Γ 



Fr. 33 (tops of cols. ?). 
Col. i. Col. ii. 

170 '\V0L [ 

]€σ πάλιν α[ 

]»/ 175 ζκα[ 

κτ\_ 



ά\8ζλ[φον ? 
€7Γί]^ί ί_ι/[αί ? 

145 ].5f [ 

end of col. ? 

Fr. 21. 
160 ]α 

] άλλα 

].α.' 



Fr. 19. 

•[ 

€7γ[ 

150 σ6[ 



1 65 



Fr. 24. 



Col. i. 

]• ω 
]τυγ 
[y^av — ] l8l 
180 jiOU 

]. 



Col. ii. 
[ ■ 

hi 

4 
185 4 



195 



Fr. 26. 
ΕΚ^ησιν 
]λι;σαί ray [ 



Fr. 27. 

196 ]e/(i . . [ 
^v opav [ 
]σ77ί ί[ 
]αλα[ 



Fr. 28. 

200 Ι'^'Ή 

] Αθηναι[ο 
]yovTO κ[ 
ΙτΓ 



Fr. 22. 

]? 

]5αί 
]αν 

] 

fr.»25. 

]σα * 
]yovK 

']■ 
190 ]ασί 

].ο 

Fr. 29. 

]ωκ[. 

235 ] • τα 
]πο 

Vi 



Fr. 30. 

Μ 

^VTuyl 
2 1 ο π]αρα τω[ί/ 
] πα/)α[ 



Fr. 31. Fr, 32. Fr. S3• 

[. . . ]ΰΰσ7[ 2ΐ6 ]^'ct/[ 220 ]ι;[ 
τ?7ΐ/ e5a)/c[€ joy 7rp[ ]ασ[ 

χωράν re[ jiicoj/ [ ]σ•τωΐ' [ 

2 15 . [ ]^9ί4 Ι»^»?! 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) 



117 



Fr. 34. 

]-v[ 

225 >[ 

]«[ 
].[ 

Fr. ^^. 



Fr. SS (top). 
] IJeXaayovi [ 

]v TLva• [ 
230 Ka\Ta(f>vy[ 

Fr. 39. 



237 ^ai' [ TL<i Se ? 240 ] . . [ 
[π]ρα^[€ί ? 



Fr. ^6. 

231 ] /ftti τ . [ 

]λίσΓα [ 

Fr. 40. Fr. 41. 

]t[ 246 ]ai[ 
]TOfj[ ]νμμ[ 



Fr. 43• 

252 Μ 






]οί au αλλτ][ 2 45 ]ί'€ίσ[ ]f'f<'^'''[ 

Fr. 44• Fr. 45. Fr. 46. 

255 ] e^fpyl^ ] • [ 261 ]τα[ 

]repo( ] . [.] n[ ]reX[ 

]ασνγ[ 260 ]ντ€ . [ ]ντ[ 



Fr. 48. Fr. 49. 

267 ra pju? eX[oi/ ? 270 Jui/tcui/ 

] αι/δίρων ? κ]αί τωι/ 

μ€]γ[α ? ] . 



Fr. 50• 
]«ί • [ 

2 75 Μ 



Fr. 51. 

276 Τ}[ 



Fr. 53• 

282 ]f)[ 

]aL Τ€Τ[ 

]*••[ 

Fr. 5Β. 

293 ]«/[ 
]ot[ 



Fr. 54. 

285 ]λα[ 
]ι;το[ 

Fr. 59. 

295 ] . o[ 



287 



Fr. 55. 

]«y[ 

] κατα[ 



Fr. 60. 

297 o[ 



r[ 



Fr. 56. 
290 ]γωι/ 

Fr. 61. 

300 e[ 



Fr. 37. 

235 ] • »'/[ 

Μ 

end of col. ? 

Fr. 42. 
]a)p δ[€ ? 
250 ]τατην 
\a 

Fr. 47. 

]ακο[ 
205 >ί τ[ 

Fr. 53. 

P[ 
280 r[ 

To[ 

Fr. 57• 
291 ]y0[ 
Μ 

Fr. 62. 

301 ] 
Ircoy 



Fr. 1. (2) . . . 7Γ07•€ ... (δ) άί/α1γ[κ]αίόΐ' [eVni/ [ ] ei[s] τα. rare n[ep\ τοΰ] θ{μιστοκΚ€ο[υς. 

Xc ,γουσί δ' οί μεν δ[τι ύ7Γ£]/αν>7σ?ΐ' αντ[όι/ δκ] περί τ€ r^s ν[ανμαχίας κα\ τη! γ[εφΰρας προ]ηγγΐίλΐ• 
π[(ρί δε τη\ νανμαχ[ίας . . . 

' ..." it is necessary to (return ?) to what (happened) then concerning Themistocles. 
Some say that he reminded him of his warnings about both the sea-fight and the bridge; but 
with regard to the sea-fight . . .' 

2. ]i or ]η can be read. 

4-5. ava !γ[κ]α(οι/: the supposcd γ could be p, but hardly r, v, or φ, which would m.ake 



ii8 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

the beginning of 1. 5 project, and λ could be read in place of «. evayjy'e^iov (cf. 1. 12) is 
excluded by the fact that only the plural of this word occurs in Attic. Bury suggests 
ena\vi.f[vat ανα\γ\κ]αιον [(\στιν [αυθίί, referring to a previous account of the flight of Themistocles 
(Frs. 1-5 are themselves part of a digression anticipating the chronological order of events ; 
of. 1. 37 and p. 99). The letter following vi can be e, but the hiatus -ναι ava- is an objec- 
tion to this restoration; cf. p. 107. 

6. etfij τα : of the letter following e all that survives is the lip of a stroke which might 
be vertical or horizontal, evra or ιπτα could be read, but suggests no suitable word. 

7-12. Cf. p. 99, Thuc. i. 137 ΐσιτίμιτ(ΐ -γράμματα προς βασιλιά Άρταξίρξην τον Ξ€ρξον 
ν€ωστ\ βασιλεύοντα, ε'δι^λου δε ή γραφή οτι θψιστοκλης ηκω πάρα σί, ος κακά μίν πλείστα Ελλήνων 
(ϊργασμαι τον νμίτΐρον οίκον, όσον χρόνον τον σον πατίρα (πιόντα ίμοί άνάγκτ] ημννόμην, πολν δ en πλίίω 
αγαθά, εηεώή ev τω άσφαλεΊ μέν εμοί, (κείνω 8e eV ΐπικιν8ννω πάλιν ή αποκομιδή (γίγνετο. και μοι ευεργεσία 
οφείλεται {γράψαί τψ Τ€ εκ ΣαλαμΐΐΌ? προάγγελαιι/ τη? άμαχωρήσεω? και τψ των γεφυρώΐ', 
ήν λ//-ίΐ)δώί προσεποιήσατο, τότε δι' αντον οΰ διάλνσιν), και νυν έχων . . ., Plut. Themist. 2'J 
Θουκυδίδης μεν ουν κα\ Χάρων 6 Ααμψακηνος Ίστορονσι τεθρηκότος Ξερξον προς τον ν'ών αντοΰ τω 
θεμιστοκλε'ι γενέσθαι τήν εντευξιν "Έφορο5 δέ και Αΐίνων και Κλείταρχο$ και Ηρακλείδη?, ετι 
δ' άλλοι ττλείοΐ'ε?, προς αύτόΐ' αψικεσθαι toc Ξ^ρξην. τοΙς δε χρονικοΊς δοκεϊ μάλλον ό Θουκυδίδης 
συμφερεσθαι, καίπερ ούδ* αίιτοΊς άτρεμα συνταττόμενος. The following accOUnt of the reception 

of Themistocles by Artabanus the χιλίαρχος, who is identical with the Artabanus to whom 
Frs. 15-16 refer (cf. 11. 119 sqq., n.), is stated by Plutarch to be derived from Phanias, with a 
few extra details obtained from Eratosthenes περί πλούτου, and Phanias too, as is observed 
by Busolt, iii. 132^ seems to have represented Xerxes as still reigning at the time of 
Themistocles' arrival; cf. 1. 8, n. Plutarch does not state his source for the two next 
chapters (28-9), which relate in detail the reception of Themistocles by the Persian king 
and the honours paid to him, being partly derived from Thucydides, partly from some one 
else (Heraclides ? Busolt, iii. 129'). A different version of the letter recorded by Thucydides 

is put into Themistocles' mouth, ηκω σοι, βασιλεΰ, Θεμιστοκλής ... ω πολλά μεν οφείλονσι 
ΤΙερσαι κακά, πλείω δε αγαθά κωλύσαντι τήν δίωξιν, οτε της Ελλάδος εν άσφαλε'ι γενομένης παρέσχε 

τα ΟΙΚΟΙ σωζόμενα χαρίσασθαί τι κα\ υμΐν. Diodorus xi. 56. 8 shows more interest in the 
stratagem by which Lysithides introduced Themistocles to Xerxes (cf. 11. 246-8, n.) than 
in Themistocles' defence of himself before the king, which is described quite briefly 

κάκείνον δόντος τω θεμιστοκλεΐ λόγον κα\ μαθόντος ως ουδέν ήδίκησεν. AristodcmUS ΙΟ κα\ 
υπεμμησεί' αυτόν (SC. Artaxerxes) των ευεργεσιών ας εδόκει κατατεθεΐσθαι εΙς τον πάτερα αυτοΰ 
Ξερξην, λέγων κα\ της σωτηρίας αύτω γεγενήσθαι α'ίτιος [ενδε\ίξας λνσειν τους "Ελλ ηνας το ζεΰγμα, 

though primarily based on Thucydides, shows traces of a knowledge of Ephorus ; cf. 11. 62- 
76, n. Nepos ^Themist. 9) follows Thucydides, scio plerosque ita scripsisse, Themistoclevi 
Xerxe regnanfe in Asiam transisse. Sed ego poiissimuin Thiicydidi credo . . ., quoting the 
letter to Artaxerxes Idem vitilio plura bona feci postqiiavi in into ipse et ille in periculo esse 
coepit. Nam cum in Asiam r ever Η vellet, proelio apud Salamiyia facto, litteris eum certiorem 
feci id agi ut pons quevi in Hellesponto fecerat dissolveretur atqtie ab hostibus circumiretur : quo 
nuntio ille periculo est liberatus. The earliest authority for the view that Xerxes, not 
Artaxerxes, was the king in question is Aeschines Socraticus quoted by Aristid. ii. 293 
(cf. 1608). The date of Themistocles' arrival in Persia continues to be a matter of dispute : 
Busolt, iii. I32^ sides with Thucydides, and assigns that event to a period shortly after the 
spring of 464. 

8. o( μεν : cf. the previous n. Thucydides is probably included, for the expressions in 
11. 11-12 seem to be derived from him, though αυτ\ον is apparently Xerxes, not Artaxerxes, 
cf. the next n. Dinon may also be meant, for he was approximately Ephorus' con- 
temporary. Clitarchus and Heraclides, who were younger, can hardly have been referred 
to by Ephorus, nor can Phanias (cf. the previous n.), who was the disciple of Aristotle. 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) 119 

8-9. νπ(\μρησ^ν αντ'ον: vve prefer v^:(\μvησev to αν(\μνησ(ν on account of the parallel 
in Aristodemus 10 cited above. His work, the date of which is unknown, is based mainly 
on Herodotus and Thucydides, but its frequent resemblances to Diodorus, especially as to 
the causes of the Peloponnesian War, suggest the use of Ephorus, and νπίμνησίΐ> αυτόν looks 
like a reminiscence of the present passage. αυτ[οί', however, here is, we think, Xerxes not 
Artaxerxes, because (i) there is no mention of the king's father (cf. Thuc. I.e.); (2) the 
accession of Artaxerxes is described by Diodorus in a much later chapter, to Avhich 
Frs. 15-16 refer; (3) Ephorus is definitely known to have agreed with the majority of 
historians that Xerxes was the reigning king. The difficulty is that owing to the loss 
of the second part of the sentence from 1. 14 onwards it is not clear whether our author 
accepted the opinion of οί μίν or not. If he rejected it, then avi\ov might be Artaxerxes 
and Fr. i would be more suitably placed after Fr. 16, with a backward reference in II. 5-7 
to the account of Themistocles in Persia which must in any case have preceded Frs. 2-5. 
This would have the advantage of making the suggested connexion between 11. 7-12 and 
both Thucydides and Aristodemus closer; but we are unwilling to separate Fr. i so widely 
from Frs. 2-5, seeing that Themistocles is the subject of them all. To retain Fr. i where 
it is, and make aw\ov Artaxerxes, with a possible forward reference in 11. 5-7 to a subsequent 
mention of Artaxerxes, is a possible compromise ; but with [τΓρο\ήγγ(ΐ\€ the most natural dative 
to be supplied is αντώ, i.e. Xerxes, not τώ πατρΧ αντοΰ which would be required by the identifica- 
tion of αι;τ[οι/ with Artaxerxes. 

10. ν[ανμα]χια5 : cf. 1. 13, Hdt. viu. 75, Thuc. I.e., Diod. xi. 17, Plut. Themist. 12 
and 28. 

11. T»ji ^[ίφυραί: cf. Hdt. viii. no ras iv 'ΈΧΚησττόντω γΐφνρας λύΐΐν, Thuc. Lc, Diod. xi 
19. 5 τον TTaidaywyov των 18ίων νιων aneaTcike προς τον Ξ^ρζην δηΚώσοντα διότι μίλλονσιν οΊ Έλληνες 

πλΐύσαντΐί ί'πι το ζΐϋγμα λύειν την γΐψνραν, and the next η. Diodorus' employment of 
the singular (Hdt. and Thuc. have the plural) confirms >[ίφυρ«ί here; but the stroke 
following της might be round just as well as straight. 

12. [προ]ηγγ€ΐλ€ : cf. Thuc. I.e. ττροάγγΐλσιν. [ΐξ\η•γγ€ΐλε would also be Suitable; cf. Plut. 

Them, \2 ov ίκπίμπει προς τον Ξίρξην κρίιφα κ(λ(ύσαί λίγΐΐν δτι θΐμιστοκλης ό των Αθηναίων 
στρατηγός αίροίμΐνος τα βασϊλίως εξαγγέλλει πρώτος αίιτω τονς "ΕΧληνας άποδώράα-κοντας. 

Ργ. 2. τίϊ δε . . λων ί'σττούδΓεσε ; n's .''] δε ToaovToi\s tia? τ^ών epya-^v . . . 

15-17• ^f• Ρ• 99 ^^'^ Diod. xi. 59• 2 fis δέ προς άπασαν την (κ της Ασίας δύνυμιν άναστάτω 
τί) πόλ(ΐ παρατοχθΰς ϊνίκησί ', τί$ δέ τοΐ$ εργοι$ ε'" ^φψΐΐ τή" πατρίδα δννατην κατ6σκ€υασ€ 

τοσούτοι? {τοντυΐ! MSS. ; τοιοντοις or τοσούτοις Reiske). ]ων can be a participle or the 

end of a phrase like δια τών φγων. With ίσπονδ[ασ€ cf. 842. xiv. 7 ϊσπούδαζον (κπολΐμώσαι. 

Frs. 3-5. . . . ε'λΓεΓί'οΐ'] pev υπο τψ πόλί[ωί] ητιμασμίνον, τ\ην\ δε πόλιΐ' δια τ[ά]? εκείνου 
πρα^ε[ΐί] της μεγίστης τιμής υπό των Ελλήνων άξιωθεισαν, ή μεγάλην ^ιγεμονί ? αν οίον . . . σο\φωτάτην 

κα\ δικαι\οτά\την ]''''['']'^{''] '^["'' χαλεπ]ωτάτ>;ι/ \yεvoμ(vη^^v προς εκ(\2νον. οί δ' ν^πόλαμβάνου^σιν 

δτι ίϊΙτΓίρ (βουλι'\θη εκ ? δο^νναι τη\ν ηγεμονία ?\ν . . . 

• . . . that while he was dishonoured by the city, the city owing to his achievements 
was held by the Greeks to be worthy of the highest honour, which (city founded) . . . 
a great empire . . . (the city) which was the wisest and justest became the most . . . and 
. severe to him. Some suppose that, even if he wished to surrender the hegemony, . . . ' 

18 sqq. Cf. p. 99 and Diod. xi. 59. 3 διόπερ όταν τό μίγεθος των έργων αυτού βεωρήσωμεν 
κα) σκοποϋντες τα κατά μέρος ευρωμεν eKeicoc μέΐ' υπό τήξ πόλεω? ήτιμασμεν©!', τήΐ' δέ ιτόλιΐ' δια 
τά§ έκείμου πράζεΐ9 επαιρομίνην, εϊκότως την δοκονσαν είναι τών άπασών πόλεων σοφωτατηΐ' και 



I20 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

επιεικέστατη I' χαλεπωτάτηΐ' irpos εκεϊΐ'Οΐ' (νρίσκομΐν y€y€vr]^ivr\v. €ΐ[ρ]ω[μ(ν\ is inadmissible 

in 1. i8. 

2i~2. T[a]s• eneivov πραξ€ΐς : cf. 11. 1 93-4, where the phrase perhaps recurs, suggesting 
that Fr. 26 belongs to this context. 

22-5. Diodorus has only one word here in place of seven : cf. p. 103. 

26. Irjyepovi^av : cf. EphorUS Fr. 67 TeXfVTTjaavTos yap tKe'ivov (Epaminondas) την ήγΐμονίαρ 
άποβαΚ€Ίν fiSvs τους Θηβαίους, oiovei is inadmissible. 

27-31. Cf. Diod. Lc. The division of lines in Frs. 4 + 5 is uncertain, but there is 
hardly any doubt that Fr. 5, containing the supposed ends of 11. 29-31, is rightly joined 
to the other. Bury suggests άλλως before σο]φ[ωτα\ην and μα|ταίο]τ(ΐ[τ]??[ΐ'] before «[dt. Cf. 
1. 32, n. 

30-1. [7εΐΌ|μ6Μί]ι/ : [γΐγ€νη\μ{ΐ.η]ν (cf. Diod. I. c.) seems too long for the lacuna. 

32. ν]πολαμβανοι[σιν : cf. 11. 94-9, η. The adopted restoration of 11. 32-5 was proposed 
by Bury. (βονλη[θη (κ8ο]υΐ'αι produces a hiatus, which is unsatisfactory (cf. 11. 4-5, n.); but 
Trpo8o\vpai seems too long, if χαλ€η]ωτατην is the beginning of 1. 30. With the division 

χαλΐπΊωτατην, however, npo\bowai COUld be read; cf. 11.27-31, n. The division χαλ€\π]ωτατην 

would create a great difficulty in 1. 31, for there would not be room for |fr;]t» or \σα]ν 
and a participle is wanted there, the ν being nearly certain. 

34. The vestige of a letter before vm suggests y, r, or v, so that τ]ηρ αιτι[αν is unsatis- 
factorv, though the doubtful η can be i. απα[σαν is possible, but with another word than 
ηy€μoι>ιa]ι', for which cf. 1. 26, n. 

Fr. 6. . . . (φη[μίν . . ., o^ei/] παρ(ξ[ίβ^ημΐν. 'A[^i;]i'atot [S]e Κ[ί]μωνος τοϋ Μιλτιά8ου 
στρατηγονΙνι'Ιος ΐκ•πλΐνσαντ(ς (κ Βυζαντίου μ(τά των συμμάχων ['HijOio την e'n\ Στρ^υμό^νι ΙΙςρσων 
(χόιίτωλν (Ιλον κα\ [Σκνρο'ΐ', ην νηα\ολν . . . 

' . . . from which we digressed. The Athenians under the command of Cimon son of 
IMiltiades sailed out from Byzantium with their allies, and captured Eion on the Strymon, 
which was in the possession of the Persians, and Scyros, which island . . .' 

36-7. Probably roti^j ΐίρτ^μΐνοις or τωι/]| ίΐρη\μΐνων. For oBev^ cf. Arist. Elh. Nic. i. 5. i Οβ(ν 

•παρΐ^^ίβημ^ν ^ and for παρ(ί\ΐβ^μ(ν Diod. xi. 59. 4 ΐΐ(ρ\ pkv ovv της θ^μιστοκλίους άρίτης ei κα\ 

ττ(τιλΐονάκαμ(ν TrapcKpaKTes, αλλ' ουν ουκ άξιον . . . The digression evidently contained the 
estimate of Themistocles (Frs. 2-5); but the fibres of the verso of Fr. 6 suggest that 
it belongs to a different column. Bury suggests something hke (πανιωμ^ν Se τοσούτων π^ριτου 

θ€μιστοκλ(ους^ (ΐρη\^μ(νων'. cf. 11.4—5) ^• 

37-46• Cf. pp. 99-100, Hdt. vii. 107, where the heroic defence of Eion by Βόγης is 
described in some detail, Thuc. i. 98 (the source of the present passage; cf p. 107) πρώτον 
ptv 'Hiot'a τήΐ' lirl ΣτρυμόΐΊ Μήδων i)^6v^<J}v ττολιορκία ΐΧΧον κα\ ηνδραπόδισαν, ΚιμωΐΌς τοΰ Μιλτιάδου 
στρατηγού VTOS. €ττ€ΐτα Σκύρου την iv τω Αίγαίω ΐ'ήσοί', r]V ωκηυν Δόλοπρ?, ηνδρατ ό8ισαν καΐ ωκισαν 
αυτοί, and Diod. xi. 60. 1—2 Άθηΐ'αΐοι στρατηγό»' ελο'μεΐΌΐ Κίμωμα τον Μιλτιάδου κτλ. (cited οη 
ρ. 103), which is longer than 1610, but adds nothing new about the capture of Eion, and 
bears distinct traces of derivation from 1610, especially the mentions of Byzantium and Pelasgi 

(cf. p. 100). Plutarch's account {^Cimon 7) Κ/μων Se τών συμμάχων ή8η πρησκ€χωρηκότων αύτώ 
στpaτηybς ets θράκην (πλΐυσ(, ττυνθανόμΐνος Ώ,^ρσών άνδρας ϊνδόξους κα\ auyyimy βασιλίως Ηιόνα 
πάλιν παρά τώ Έτρυμόνι καμίνην ττοταμω κατίχοντας ίνοχλίΐν τοΙς nep\ τον τόπον fKelvov "Ελλησι. 
πρώτον pev ουν αυτοί/ς μάχη τους ΐΐίρσας (νίκησί κα\ κατίκλ(ΐσ(ν €ΐς την πάλιν' €ττίΐτα τους υπίρ "Στρυ- 
μόνα θράκας κτλ., which procccds to narrate the story of Βόγης (here called Βοίτη^) told by Hdt., 
is based on other historians than Ephorus. 

46. [Σκυρυ]ν: cf. Thuc. and Diod. ίί. cc. Our author was much more detailed; 
cf. Fr. 7. 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) Τ2ΐ 

Fr. 7. 49-51. Cf. p. 100 and Plut. Cimon 8, where the story of Cimon's recovery of 
the bones of Theseus is narrated in detail, being possibly based on Ephorus, especially the 

mention of Lycomedes, ιτννθανόμΐνοί 8e τον πάλαών θησία τον Αιγε'ωί φν-γόντα μΐν ίξ ' Αθηνών els 
Σκίρον, αντον δ' άποθηιόντα δόλω δίά φόβον υπο Ανκομη^ονς τον βασιλεω? ^'σπούδασε τον τάφον 

avfvpelv. αν\[του 8e πρ]ο9 would make 1. ζο rather short, but perhaps αν\[τος (sc. Theseus) 
d{e) . . . μ(ν]ος should be read. Fr. 35, which mentions the Pelasgians and a κα]ταφνγ[ή?, is 
probably to be connected with the episode; cf. p. 100. 

55. θησ{ : the last letter might be γ, η, κ, or ττ, but not f, so that a reference to Theseus 
(cf. the previous n.) is inadmissible. 

Fr. 8. των παραθ]αΚα[ττί(νν κάΚο'\υμΐνω[ν πόλεων οσ^αι μΐν ΐκ 7[ης Έλλάΐδοϊ ησα[ν άπω]κισμ(ναι 
π\_αρα^χρημα σνν[ίπ(ΐσ( . . . 

' ... of the so-called coast cities those which had been founded from Greece he at 
once persuaded (to revolt).' 

56-61. The division of lines in this fragment is practically certain. Cf. p. loi^ and 
Diod. xi. 60. 4 τιλΐνσας ουν μ(τά παντός τον στόλον προς την Καρίαν, των τταραθαλαττιωΐ' τΓ0Λ€ωι/ 
δσαι μΐν ήσακ ίκ τήξ Έλλάδο? άττωκισμεναι, ταύτας παραχρήμα auviireiaev αποστηναι των 
Περσών, οσαι δ' νπηρχον Βίγλωττοι κα\ φρονράς (χονσαι Περσικό? βίαν προσάγων (πολιόρκίΐ, which 




παντάπασι Ώΐρσικών οπλών ίρημωσαι, and proceeded to give fresh details omitted by Diodorus. 

With παραθ]αλη[ττίων cf. 842. xxi. 1 7 Φρυγίας της ππρ[αθα]λαττί81ον, and with άπωκισμεναι 

Ephorus Fr. 30 a (FHG. iv. 642) from schol. Aristid. p. 11. 17 Dindorf ol 8e τας αποικίας 

καταλίγονσιν' (ΐς'Έφορον αποτείνεται ος περί της Ιωνικής αποικίας εγρα-φ-ε (sc. in BoOK 111). 

Frs. 9 + 10 + 53• . . • Κι'μωι/ πννθανόμενος το\ν τ\ων Περσών στόλο]ι> περϊ [την Κνπρον 
σν]ντετά[χθαι, διακοσί]αις πει[τηκοντα π]μ[6ς] τριο[κοσιας κ]α\ τετταμ[άκοντα.] παραταχ[θε ίσ]ας δε πολνν 
χρόνον πολλας μεν των κ[^v]bvvevovσ(L•v βαρβα[ρι]κων νεών διεφθε[ιρ]εν, εκατόν δ' αυτοίς [ά]ν8ράσιν [ε]1λε 
ζωγρη\σας τΐόν π[ \ων ... 

' (Cimon attacked, perceiving) that the Persian fleet was drawn up off Cyprus, with 
two hundred and fifty ships against three hundred and forty. After they had opposed each 
other for a considerable time, he destroyed many of the barbarians' ships which ran into 
danger and captured a hundred of them with the crews, taking alive . . .' 

62-76. Cf. p. lOI and Diod. xi. 60. 5-6 ol δε Περσαι τό μεν πεζόν στράτενμα δι εαντών κατε- 
σκεύασαν, το δε ναντικον ηθροισαν εκ τε Φοινίκης κα\ Κίπρον κα\ Κιλικίας- ε'στρατη-γει δε των Περσικών 
δννάμεων Ύιθραίστης, νιος S>v Ξερξην νόθος. Κίμων δε πννθανόμενος τον στόλον των Περσών 8ιατρίβειν 
ττερι τήκ Κύπροι/ κα\ πλενσας ε'πΐ τονς βαρβάρους ενανμάχησε διακοσίαι? και πεμτήκοί/τα νανσΐ προ? 
τριακόσια? καΐ τετταράκοΐ'τα. γενομενον δ' άγωνος Ισχνρον καΐ των στόλων αμφοτέρων λαμπρώς 
άγωιιζομενων τό τελενταΐον ενικών οΊ Αθηναίοι, και ττολλαξ μεν των εναντίων vaO<s διεφθειρακ, 
πλείονς δε των eKaroc συν αΰτοΐξ rots• ά>'δράσι>' elXov. των δε λοιπών νέων καταφνγονσων ^είς 
την Κίπρον ο'ι μεν εν αίτα'ις Άνδρες εΙς την -γην απεχώρησαν, α'ι δε νηες κεναί των βοηθούντων ονσαι 

τοις πολεμίοις ^γενηθησαν νποχείριοι. In xi. 62. I Cimon's total captures in connexion with 
this battle are estimated at 340 triremes, i. e. the whole Persian fleet, Diodorus forgetung 
there to allow for the ships sunk. Plutarch's account {Cmon 12), as usual, is mainly 




ΦοινΙσσας άπο Κύττρον προσπΧζονσας 



122 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

σκίνασμίνο!, αν eKOvres μη ναυμαχωσιν. oi 8e πρώτον μίν, ώ$• μη βιασθΐΐΐν, els τον ποταμον ΐΐσωρμί- 
σαντο, προσφΐρομίνων be των Αθηναίων nvτfξeπ\eυiτav, ώ? ιστορεί Φανό8ημο!, εξακοσίαις νανσίν, ως δ' 
"Εψυροί, ΤΓ€»'τήκοΐ'τα και τριακοσίαι$. fpyov δι κατά γοΰν την θάλατταν oibev υη αυτών ίπράχθη της 
δυνάμεως Άξιον, αλλ' ευθύς εις την yrjv άποστρεφοντες εξεπιπτον ο'ι πρώτοι κα\ κατέφευγαν εις το πεζον 
εγγύς παρατεταγμενον, ο'ι δε καταλαμβανόμενοι διεφθε'ιροντο μετά των νέων. ω κα\ δηλόν εστίν οτι 
πάμπολλαί τίνες αι πεπληρωμεναι το'ις βαρβάροις νηες ήσαν, οτε πολλών μεν, ως εΙκός, εκφνγουσών, 
πολλών δε συντριβεισών, όμως αιχμαλώτους διακοσίας ελαβον οι Αθηναίοι. The figure 200 alsO 
occurs in the brief account of ThucydideS i. lOO εγε'νετο δε μετά ταύτα καΐ η επ' Ευρυμεδοντι 
ποταμώ εν Παμφυλία πεζομαχία κα\ ναυμαχία ' λθηναίων καΐ των ξνμμάχων προς Μηδους, κοί ενικών τη 
αντη ήμερα αμφότερα Αθηναίοι Κίμωνος τον Μιλτιάδου στρατηγοΰντος, κα\ είλον τριήρεις Φοινίκων κα\ 
διεφθειραν τας πάσας ες διακοσίας, and in the COnfused acCOUnt of NepOS {CwiOfl 2. 2), who 

erroneously makes Mycale the scene of the sea-fight, Idem iterum apud Mycalen Cypriorum 
et Phoejiicum ducentaruni navium classem devidam cepit. The concluding sentence of 
Thucydides is obscurely worded, and it has been proposed to insert a numeral {π) after 
Φοινίκων; cf. Busolt, iii. 146^ Plutarch evidently knew Ephorus' account, but followed 
a historian (apparently Callisthenes), who agreed in the main with Thucydides as to the 
locality of the sea-battle and the number of the Persian losses. Thucydides' account, 
supplemented by Plutarch's, is usually preferred to any other (cf. Busolt, iii. 146^) ; but 

besides DiodorUS AristodemUS 11. 2 Κίμωνος δε τον Μιλτιάδου στρατηγοΰντος άνεπλευσαν ε'πΐ την 
ΤΙαμφνλίαν κατά τον λεγόμενον Ευρνμεδοντα ποταμον κα\ εναυμάχησαν Φοίνιξι κα\ Περσαις κα\ λαμπρά 
έργα ε'πεδείξαντο, Ικατόι/ Τ€ μαΰξ cX-ocres αύτάΐ'δρουξ ε'πεζομάχησαν, waS evidently influenced by 

Ephorus, and Froniinus, Sirateg. iv. 7. 45, agrees with Diodorus both as to the locality of 
the sea-fight {apud insulam Cypron) and the stratagem of Cimon at the land-battle of the 
Eurymedon (cf. Diod. xi. 61. 1-2 and 11. 77-8,n.). Polyaenus, ^/ra/^§•. i. 34. i, inverts the scene 
of the sea-fight (off the Eurymedon) and the stratagem (Cyprus), and Klussmann and 
Duncker (cf. Busolt, /. c.) held that this represented Ephorus' description more closely than 
Diodorus' account — a view which is disposed of by 1610. Some echoes of Ephorus, how- 
ever, seem to survive in Polyaenus' account; cf. και πολλά σκάφη βαρβαρικά Ιλώ^ with 
11. 72-3 and τον στόλον ώ? φίλιοι' υποδέχονται with 11. 98- 1 ΟΙ. Justin gives no details, but 
the figure 100 for the ships captured by Cimon is also found in Lycurg. c. Leocr. 72, and 
is supported by the metrical inscription quoted by Diodorus xi. 62. 3, no doubt from 
Ephorus, even if Fr. 48 does not actually belong to it (cf. 11. 267-9, ".). Diodorus' 
exaggeration of it πλείους τών εκατόν (/. c.) is either merely rhetorical (cf. p. 1 1 1 ) or made out 
of deference to the figure 200 in Thucydides. In favour of the second explanation is the 
circumstance that his insertion of τ6 τελευταΊον ενικών οΊ Αθηναίοι suggests the influence of 
Thucydides {κα\ ενίκων . . . Άθηνα'ιοι). Whether Diodorus had any other authority for his 

statement τών στόλων αμφοτέρων λαμπρώς αγωνιζομένων than Ephorus' reference to πολνν χρόνον 

may also be doubted. Aristodemus, /. c, speaks of λαμπρά έργα, but in reference to the Greeks 
only, and Plutarch, /. c, definitely denies that the Persian fleet made any serious resistance, 
in contrast to the subsequent κρατερά μάχη on land, of which his rhetorical description has 
been ascribed to Theopompus; cf. Busolt, iii. 1461 

62-3. For πννθανομενος cf. Diod. /. c. The verb may well have been αντεξεπλενσε (cf. 
Plut. /. c). 

66-9. The figures are exactly reproduced by Diodorus, /. c. No importance is to be 
attached to the variation in Plutarch's figure (350 instead of 340) of the number of the 
Persian fleet according to Ephorus; cf. p. 106. Frs. 9, 10. i and 53 do not actually touch 
each other, but the combination is practically certain; cf. 11. 282-4, n. Of the third τ in 
τετταρ[ακοντα a bit of the cross-bar is on Fr. 9 and the tail of the vertical stroke on Fr. 10. 

73-4. διεφθε[ιρ]εν : this word occurs twice in 842 (xiv. 9 and xix. 20). 

76. 7;[ ]ων: Ώ[ερσικ]ων (sc. δυνάμεων) (or π^ολεμι]ων), followed by ηγεμόνα (i.e. 



1610 EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) 123 

Tithraustes ; cf. Diod. /. c.) can be restored, but the article is expected, π is nearly certain, 
7i[, γο[, or 7a>[ being the only alternatives and less satisfactory readings. τω\ν Ώ.€μσ\ων is 

therefore inadmissible; but τον π[ ]a)j/|[5j;j/, i.e. a subordinate Persian admiral, or 

conceivably Υα)[βρναν\ (cf. Callisthenes ap. Plut. /. c.) ων (i.e. ων) is possible, 

77-8. The height of ihe columns in 1610 is unknown, but probably about 40 lines are 
lost between 11. 76 and 77, so that the remains of Fr. 10. ii would be expected to be parallel 
to some part of Diod. xi. 61. 1-2, which narrates the beginning of the land-battle of the 
Eurymedon. Perhaps 11. 77-8 are to be connected with ΐνφίβασΐν els ras αίχμάλωτίδας ναΰς 

των Ιδίων tovs αρίστου!, 8ονς τιάρας καΐ την αλληκ κατασκίνην πΐριθΐΐί ΤΙ^ρσικήν. οί δε βάρβαροι 
προσπλ(Όντ(ί Άρτι τοΰ στόλου ταίϊ ΤΙΐρσικαΐς ναυσΐ καΙ τταρασκεναΐς ψ(υσθίντ(ς υπί\αβον τα: I8ias 
τριήρεις eivai, tionep ούτοι μΐν προσΐδίζαντο κτ\. (cf. 11. 200— 2, η.). ibovTfs . . . και την αλ]\λην 

[κατασκευήν νπε]\λαμ[βανον (cf. 1. 99) ^^ possible, the letter after λα beginning with a vertical 
stroke (not β). Another passage which might be connected with 11. 77-8 is xi. 61. 4 tovs 

μεν γαρ "Ελληκαϊ ονχ νπεΧάμβαιον ηκειν προς αύτου! μετά δυνάμεως το σύνολον μηδ' εχειν κτλ. But 

Ελ][λ?7ί'[αΓ ονχ νπε]\λαμ[βαΐ'ον makes 1. 77 ^00 short, and in the absence of any correspondence 
in ch. 61 with 11. 79-83 the remains of this column may well have been concerned with 
details omitted by Diodorus; cf. p. 112. 

"Ft. 11. τον με^νίστρατηγοίν αυτών\Φερενδάτη]ν άδελίφιδοΰν διτΊα τον βασγιλεως εν ττη σκην^ϊ 

' . . . (they killed) their general Pherendates, who was the king's nephew, in his tent.' 

84—8. Cf.p. 10 1 and Diod. xi.6l. 3 καίτοι/ μ,^ν στρατΎ\•γον τών βαρβάρων τον ετεροί'Φερεμδάτηΐ', 
άδελψιδοΰΐ' του βασιλέως, εμ τη σκηι/τ) καταλαβόντες εφόνευσαν, which hardly differs. The two last 
Avords or an equivalent must have followed 1. 82. Pherendates was mentioned by Ephorus; 
cf. Plut. Cimon 12 quoted in 11. 62-76, n. and p. 106. 

Frs. 12 + 13. . . . διβτελίουΐ' olfre?, [ωσίτε νομίζοντες από της ^rreip[ov| την εφοδον αυτίοΐς 
γεγ'Ιονεραι των π\^ο^λεμίων ττρος το[ϊ] ^^[s] εφενγον, ΰπο^λ'^αμβάνοντες αντοΊς ei'[^]at φιλίας' ου δη 
ττίοίλλοί μεν υπό των κατηλειφθεντων εκεϊ φυλάκων άπέθvT|\σκov^ εν τη ννκτί, πολλο) δε ζώντες 
ήλίσκοντο περιττίτΐτοντες το'ις "Έ,λλησιν δια την άπορί^α^ν δττον τΓρ1άπ[ο1ί[ΐ'το1, καΐ τον \ε]ξ\αίφνης\ 
avTciis ε'^πιπεσόντα φόβ pjor. 

' . . . Hence, thinking that their enemies' attack was from the land, they fled to 
the ships, expecting these to be on their own side. There many of them were killed in the 
night by the guards who had been left behind on the spot, while many were taken alive, 
falling into the hands of the Greeks through their ignorance which way to turn and the fear 
which had suddenly overtaken them.' 

93. διετελγουν o]n-es : cf. 1365. 1 6 f[ieTeX]ea6 διαιτώμενος κα\ παιδευόμενος οϋτως. οι Ώισιδες 

εχθροί may have preceded, the sentence probably corresponding to κα\ τά προς αίτυνς άλλοτρίως 
έχοντας in Diodorus ; cf. the next η. 

94 sqq. Cf. pp. 10 1—2 and Diod. xi. 61. 4—6 τονς μεν yap "Ελληνας ουχ νπελάμβανον ηκειν προς 
αυτούς μετά δυνάμεως το σύνολον, μηδ' εχειν αϋτονς πεζήν στρατιάν πεπεισμένοι' τους δε Ώισίδας όντας 
όμορους κα\ τα προς αυτούς άλλοτρίως έχοντας νπελάμβανον ηκειν μετά δυνάμεως {υπελ, . . . δνν. del. 
Madvig). διό κα\ ►'ομίσαί'τεξ αϊτό τη? ηπείρου τϊ]ν επιφοράν εΐναι των ττολεμίω!/ ττρόξ τάς vaus ως 
προς φίλιας εφευγοι/. της δε ΐ'υκτός οϋσης άσελήνου κα\ σκοτεινής συνέβαινε την ayvoiav πολύ μάλλον 
αΰζεσθαι κα\ μηδενα τάληθες δύνασθαι Ιδε'ιν, διό και πολλού φόνου γενομένου δια την άταζιαν των 

βαρβάρων ό μεν Κίμων κτλ.{οί. 11. II 4"! 6, η.). Plutarch's account(6V/?w« 13, fromTheopompus?; 

cf. 11. 62—76, η.) is quite different, τών δε πεζών επικαταβάντων προς την θάλασσαν μέγα μεν έργον 
εφαίνετο τώ Κιμωνι το βιάζεσβαι την άπόβασιν κα\ κεκμηκότας οκμησι και πολλαπλασιοις επαγειν τους 
Ελληνας, δμως δε ρώμη καΐ φρονήματι τοΰ κρατειν όρων επηρμένους και πρόθυμους όμόσε χωρε'ιν τοΊς 
βαρβάροις, άπεβίβαζε τους όπλίτας ετι θερμούς τω κατά την νανμαχίαν άγώνι μετά Kpavytjs καΐ δρόμου 
προσφερόμενους. ύποστάντων δε τών ΤΙερσών κα\ δεξαμενών οίκ άγεννώς κρατερά μάχη συνεστη' καϊ 



T24 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

των Αθηναίων avhpes ά-^αβοι κα\ τοΊς άζίώμασι πρώτοι και διαπρΐπε'ΐ! eneaov, πολλώ δ' άγώνι τρςψά- 
μ(νοι τους βαρβάρους eicTdvov, (ίτα fjpovv αυτούς Τ( και σκηνας παντοίαπών χρημάτων γΐμοΰσας. 

Diodorus' reference to the absence of the moon seems to be his own invention, since there 
is no indication in 11. 105-7 of anything corresponding to it and no further reference to the 
darkness is in fact expected after 1. 104. Possibly, however, the absence of the moon may 
have been mentioned earlier in Ephorus' account. 

94-9. νομιζοντίς . . . υπ< [λ'^αμβανοντΐς : cf νομίζομΐν υπολαμβάνοντ€ς in EphorUS Fr. 2, and, 

for ΰπολαμβάνΐΐν, 11. 32, 77-8, η., and 842. vi. 10, xi. 17, xiv. 11. 

loi. φίλιας : cf 842. xiv. 40 φιλίως, and Polyaen. Strateg. i. 34. i, quoted in 11. 62-76, n. 

102-4. καταλειφθ€ντων . . . φυλάκων', cf. EphorUS Fr. 53 φύλακας 8e κατίλιπον. 
104. απίθνη[σκοι'\•. cf 842. XX. 33 συμμίίξαντίς άποθ[ν]ησκυυσ•ιν. 

io8. That the fragment containing σι and part of the ν of Έλλη\σιν and the ends of 
11. 103-7 is rightly combined with the top of the ν admits of hardly any doubt. 
II 1-12. The letter after αυτοις may be σ, and ]ων may be read for ]ov. 

Fr. 14. . . . στριι^τιωτ? J νι^κτ ? — aijroty ιτυμ\_σ6ν? — Jir/^ar. . . 

II4~l6. Cf. p. lOI, Diod. /. C. 6 μ(ν Κίμων ττροΐίρηκως τοις στρατιώταΐξ ηρος τον άρθησόμΐνον 
TTupaoc συιτρΐχΐΐν ηρε προς ταϊς ναυσΊ συσσημον, ΐυΚαβούμΐνος μη ^ΐΐσπαρμίνων των στρατιωτών κα\ 
προς αρπαγην όρμησαντων γΐνηταί τι παράΚογον. πάντων δε προς τον πνρσον άθροισθίντων κα\ παυσα- 
μίνων της αρπάγης, τότί μίν ΐΐς τας νανς άπ€χώρησαν. τη δ' νστίραία κτλ. πυρσίύΐΐν OCCUrs in 

Ephorus Fr. 107. Fr. 48 not improbably came between Fis. 14 and 15; cf. 11. 267-9, ^• 

FrS. 15—16. T?^ovs [. . . λογχ}^οφόρους, ω[ΐ' ]ωΐ' ετύγχα^νίν 6 'λ]ρταξίρξης^ [αμα 

μ\ΐν αίιτος κατα^^σχβΐν ? τ^ην βασιλΐίαν [/3ουλο/^ι .?]eiOS-, αμα δί [δβδιώ ?]y μη πρα}[μα . . . j άνί'ΙκοινονΙτο ? 
την . . .] . tf προς ^τον (υνοΰχον^ Μιθρ [δάτι^ι/ κατα1<[ο1ιμί[στ))ΐ' τον βασιΧί^ως. 

' . . . the spearmen, of whom Artaxerxes happened to be . . ., being at the same time 
anxious to obtain the kingdom himself and afraid that ... he communicated the (plot) to 
the eunuch Mithridates, the king's chamberlain.' 

119 SCjq. Cf. Dlod. xi. 69. I eVi δε τούτων κατά την Άσίαν ^Αρτάβανος το μ(ν yevos Ύρκάνιος, 
ουναμινος oe πλ(7στον πάρα τω βασιλ€Ϊ Ξίρξτ) κα\ των δορυφόρων άφηγούμίνος, 'ίκρινΐν aveXeiv τον 
Ζΐρξην κα\ TT)c βασιλείαν eir Ιαυτόμ μΐταστησαι. αμακοινωσάμεμος δε την έπιβονλην irpos ΜιθριΒάτηκ 
τον ευνούχοι/, δί ην κατακοιμιστής του βασιλέως κη\ την κνριωτάτην ί'χων πίστιν, αμα δί κα\ συγγ(νης 
ων Αρταβάνου καΐ φίλος ύπηκουσί προς την €πιβουλην. [και την κυριωτατη^ν can be restored in 

1. 133. Probably Fr. 16 followed Fr. 15 wiih a very slight interval (cf. p. 102), which is in 
accordance with the general appearance of the recto of these two fragments, though the 
verso does not suggest their propinquity, αυτός in 1. 123 we refer to Artabanus, the phrase 

κατο[σχΰν τ]ην βασιλύαν [βουλόμ](νος (cf κάτασχαν την αρχήν in Diod. xi. 69. 4 quoted bclow, 

and την χώραν κάτασχαν in Ephorus Fr. 29) being very close to both Diodorus' τήν βασϊΚΐίαν . . . 
μΐταστησαι and Justin iii. I J^erxes . . . quippe Artabanus praefectiis ems . . . in spem regni 
adducius cum septem robustissimis filiis regiam vespert ingreditur, which is likely in any case 
to have been partly derived from Ephorus. The chief difficulty is that hop)Jφόpoυς would be 
expected in 1. 120, but the bottom of the letter preceding φο (which is practically certain) 
does not come below the line, nor is the tail of a preceding ρ visible. The word is therefore, 
we conjecture, a synonym for δορυφόρους, λογχ^φόρους being preferable to ξυστ]οφόροις. 
With the reading τού]ς φόρους there might be a connexion with Diod. xi. 71. i (Vi hi τούτων 

Αρταξΐρξης ο βασιλΐυς των ΤΙερσων άρτι την βασιΧίίαν άνακτησάμΐνος . . . δύταξί τα κατά τήν 
βασϊλ(ΐαν συμφίρόντως αυτω . . . ΐπίμ(λήθη δε κα\ των προσόδων καΐ της δυνάμ€ων κατασκΐυής, και 
καθόλου την βασιλίίαν δλην ίπΐ€ΐκως διοικων μεγάλης αποδοχής (τύγχανε παρά τοις Ιίίρσαις. The rest 

of Fr. 15 would then have to be restored differently. But though αυτός could be Artaxerxes 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) 125 

and [κτησάμ\ίνος IS possible in 1. 125, the other parallel is closer and more satisfactory. It is 
just possible that, while Fr. 15 refers to the plot of Artabanus, the parallel section in Diodorus 

is not 69. I but 69. 3—4 6 δ ovv Άρτάβηνος 7Γαραγ(νόμ(νος en νυκτοι; ονσης προ: τον Αρταζίρξην 
€φησ€ Ααρΰον τον ά^ίΚφον αντον φονία yeyovevai τοΰ ττατροί και την βασιλίίαν fis eavTov τκρισπάν. 
σνν(βονλΐνιτ(ν ουν αίιτώ προ τυν κατασχΰν €Κ€Ίνον την άρχην σκοττΐΐν όπως μη δονλίνστ} διο ραθνμ'ιαν 
αΚ\α βασϊλ^νστ] τον φονία τοΰ πατρο: τιμωρησάμενος' (■ηηγγιΐΚατο δ' αΙτω avvepyovs παρίξίσθίη τους 

δορνφόρονε τοΰ βασιλέως . But this too, in Spite of some resemblances, seems to suit Fr. 15 
less well than does 69. i. 

The plot of Artabanus is also described by Ctesias Frs. 29-30 Άρτάπανοί δε μέγα πάρα 

3f p^j) 8υνάμΐνος μ(τ Άσπραμίτον τοΰ (ννονχον καί αντον μίγα δυναμΐνον βον\€νονται aveKflv Ξί'ρξην, 

και άναιροΰσι κτλ. This is evidently one of the ultimate sources of Diodorus' statement, 
which in any case must be derived (with some variations, if our explanation of Fr. 15 is 
correct) from Ephorus, who was probably responsible for the change of Άσπραμίτης to Μιθρι- 
δάτης : cf. the variation between Justin's Bacabasus (from Ephorus or Dinon ?) and Ctesias' 
MeyaiSu^oi (Fr. 30), each representing the Persian name Bagabukhsha (cf. Gilmore, ad loc^, 
the subsequent betrayer of Artabanus to Artaxerxes. 

121. Ju)!/ is probably a participle, [η-γ^μων"] ων is possible ; but Artabanus himself, not 
Artaxerxes, was in command of the δορυφόροι : cf. the previous n. 

(Tvyxa[vfv: cf. 1. 1 78 ]rvy|[Y«i' .? A fondness for τυγχάνΐΐν characterizes 842; cf. Part 
V. 124. 

123. [άμα μ?]" : cf. 1. 125 αμα 8e and the Same contrast in 842. x. 2. 

128—9. ανί'\κοινον[τη την ....]. iv : cf. Diod. /. C. άνακοινωσάμ(νος δ( την {πιβονΧην and 
842. i. 3 κοινωσάμίνος . . . ττερι τοΰ πράγματα:. ave^Koivov [την βονλ(ν^σιν Can be read, but is 

unlikely, the middle being much commoner than the active. The letter before iv is γ, ξ, σ, 
or τ. πρα]ξιν would be the right length. 

133. Cf. 11. 119 sqq., n. 

134—9. Cf. p. 102 and Diod. xi. 30. 4—5 μΐτα be ταΰτα ίκ TTjs νπωρΐ'ιαί μΐΤΐστρατοπίΒΐνσαν 
els €Τ(ρυν τόπον ΐνθ(τά)Τΐρον προς την οΚοσχΐρη ν'κην. ην yap e'/c μ'ν των 8(ξιων γΐωΧοφος νψηΧός, fK 
δί των (νωνύμων ό Άσωπος ποταμός' τον δ' ανά μίσον τόπον eVelp^ef ή στρατοπ(8€ία, πβφραγμίνη 
τη φνσ(ΐ κα\ τα'ις τ&ν τόπων άσφάΚύαις, where τόπος (cf. 11. 1 35 ^^^ ^3^) OCCUrs thrice, 

though the context is different. στρατ[ο\π(8ου] is possible in 11. 136-7, and [(v\ τοις] τ[«]ττοις 
(Bury) in II. 137-8, but hardly τ[ο|πο]υ in 11. 134-5. The dividing-point of the lines in this 
fragment is uncertain. 

140-5. Fr. 18 perhaps corresponds to Diod. xi. 57. 3 αντη (Xerxes' sister) πυθομ^νη την 

παρονσίαν τον θΐμιστοκλίονε η\θ(ν (Ις τά βασι\(ΐα πίνθϊαην (σθητα \αββνσα και μΐτά 8ακρνων t/cerevf 
τον άδίλφόΐ' ίπιθύναι τιμωρίαν τω θίμιστοκλΐΊ. ως δ' ου προσΐϊχΐν αντη, π(ριή(ΐ . . . Lines Ι43~5 
can be restored τον α]δ6λ[φοΐ' τιμωρίαν (or κολασιν) προσ]θ(ΐν[αι θ(μιστοκλ{ΐ\ ω[ί] δί [. The ν 

ϊη 1. 142, which is nearly certain, would then be expected to belong to δακρύων rather than to 
'iKtTfve, but the vestiges of the letter following it do not suit ω, Λvhereas e is possible. 
iKfTe]ve [κλαίουσα τον α]8€λ[φον would be suitable, but the remaining two lines 140-1 present 
difficulties. ηλ[θ€ν in 1. 141 is unsatisfactory, for the preceding letter seems to be λ, not a, and 
μ([λαινηι στο]λη is too short. If λ[αβυνσα και ικίτί]υε be restored, ]λη must be the accusative 
plural of a word meaning ' clothes ' or, as there seems to be none available, an adjective in 
agreement with e.g. Ιμάτια. The suggested correspondence with Diodorus therefore remains 
very uncertain, especially since the supposed λ of α]Β^λ[φον can be a, and ]aem[ can be read 
for ]'i(iv[. 

178. ]rvy|[xai': cf. 1. 121, n. 

192-4. if τας [€K(ivo]v πραξί[ις (cf. 1. 2o) is right, Fr. 26 may well belong to the estimate 
of Themistocles. The doubtful e can be 1. Ελ]λ7;σιΐ' suggests that the corresponding 

passage in Diodorus is xi. 59. 2—3 ωστ ίΐχ^ίρωτον γΐνίσθαι τοΊς "Ελλησι. δίότΓίρ οτην το μίγΐθος 



126 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

των (pyau αυτοΰ θΐωρησωμςν κτλ., SO that Fr. 20 would Seem to come immediately above 
Fr. 3 (cf. 11. 1 8 sqq., n.); but the fibres of the verso do not suggest this, and ]λυσαί is 
difficult in such a context. The only alternative is ισ^χνσαι, with which reading Bury 

suggests irapa rois Ελ]\ί;σιΐ' I[ μη ισ\χ\ισαι κτ\. 

200-2. None of the references to the Athenians in Diod. xi. 55-70 corresponds verbally 
to this passage ; but with the restoration ] λβηναι\ονς προσώ6\χοντυ it can well be connected 

with xi. 61. 2 bicmep cvroi μίν ιτροσί^βζαντο Tous Άθηναίουξ ώ? φίλους οντάς, 6 be Κίμων κτλ. ^υοντο 

can, however, be read in place of ])(οντο. 

213-14, την or φην can be read. For ΐδωκ[( . . . χωράν as a possible reference to 

Xerxes' presents to ThemistOCleS cf. Thuc. i. 138. 5 ταύτης γαρ ηρχΐ της χωράς, tovTOS 
βασιλίως, and Diod. xi. 57. 7 (Βωρησατο δ' αντω TroXeis τρΰς . . . Αάμψακον be άμπΐλόφντον ΐχονσαν 

χώραν πολλην. But the words might come in many other contexts, e. g. Cimon's distribution 
of land in Thrace to the Athenians ; cf. Plut. Cimon 7 τψ hi χώραν . . . παρΐΒωκΐ τοΊς Άθηναίοις, 

and Diod. xi. 60. 2 κα\ κτίστην Άθηναων καταστησας κατ^κληρονχησΐ την χώραν (cf. ρ. ΙΟ3). 

2ΐ8. ]ι8ων [: cf. 11. 237-9> "• 

219- ]φοιν[ : Fr. 32 does not seem to be connected with any of the references to the 
Phoenicians in Diod. xi. 

223. Perhaps ] Αβη[νοίοί in some form; cf. 1. 201. 

228-30. The mention of the Pelasgians and κα]ταφυγ[η? suggests that Fr. 35 refers to 
Scyros and Cimon's discovery of the bones of Theseus, who took refuge there; cf. 11. 49- 
51, n., and p. 100. 

237-9. Cf. p. 99 and Diod. xi. 59. 1—2 (Themistocles) τίς yap €Τ(ρος . . . ταΊς 18ίαις 

ττράζίσιν άφ(ίλ(το της Σπάρτης ταντην την δόξακ ; τίνα δ' άλλον ιστορηκαμΐν μια ττράξει ποιησαντα 
8i€veyKf7v αντυν μέν των fjye μόνων, την δί πόλιν των Έλληνί8ων πόλ(ων, τους δ "Ελληνας των βαρβάρων ; 

The fact that ξαν was either actually or approximately the end of a sentence, as is shown by 
the paragraphus, renders the connexion of that passage with Fr. 38 very probable. Bury 

suggests δο^Ι^αι/ [τις 8f τα κοινά (κ\τΐν[ως πραττων μιαι\ πpα|[f( ... It is tempting also 10 

connect with this fragment Fr. 32, where Έλλην]ι8ων can be restored in 1. 218, and 
Fr. 39, where πολι]ι> των Έλ\[ληνι8ων is possible in 1. 241; but the other lines in those two 
fragments do not harmonize easily with either that context or each other. 

241-2. Cf. the previous n. There is a slight blank space betΛveen 01 and av in 1. 242, 
which, however, is not fatal to Ένβ]οιαν, and with των Ελ\[ληνων in 1. 241 there might possibly 
be a reference to the expedition of Cimon against Carystus in Euboea (Thuc. i. 98. 3 ; 
cf. pp. loo-i), which was presumably mentioned by Ephorus. 

246-8. There is a possible connexion with Diod. xi. 65. 4 Άλλων δ' ουκ όντων συμμά;^ωί» 
(ρημία των επικονρουντων κατά κράτος ήλωσαν (sc. the IVIyceneans), or better with xi. 56. 7 

κομίζ(ΐν ταντην ί'πι απήνης Κΐκρυμμ€νην κα\ των άπαντώντων μη8(να πολυπραγμόνων μη8ζ. κατ ο'^ιν 

άπαντησαι ttj άγομίντ) (Lysiihides' device for the introduction of Themistocles to Xerxes; 
cf, p. 99); but if so, Diodorus' version is longer. 

252-4. Possibly συιτα]|^ο[ί δ€ Αρχι8αμος ο] | βα[σιλ(νς τοις αφ(σ'\^τη[κοσι : cf. Diod. xi. 63. 7 
τούτον τον τρόπον οι π(ρΐλ(ΐφβϊντ(ς ίσώθησαν, ους σνντά^ας 6 βασιλίΰί 'Αρχί8αμος παρΐσκίυάζΐτο 

πολΐμΐ'ιν τοΊς αφβστηκόσι. But between 11. 253 and 254 is a spot of ink which, if not 
accidental, may belong to a paragraphus, implying a change of sentence, and γη[ can be 
read for τη[. 

255. evepyeTi'iv, (Ιΐργίτης, and tlepyeaia occur several times in Diod. xi, but the rest of 
Fr. 44 does not suit the context of any of those passages. 

257. ]ασυ7[: perhaps ]as ι;7γ[ο. 

267-9. Fr. 48 exactly suits Diod. xi. 62. 3 να\υς (λ\ον tv πΐλαγΐΐ'\ αν8[ρων πληβονσας pe\y\a, 

from the metrical inscription concerning Cimon's victories, which is in any case probably 
quoted from Ephorus; cf. 11. 62-76, n. But the fragment is too small to be identified with 



1610. EPHORUS, XII {OR XI) T27 

certainty, and in 1. 269 π can be read in place of γ. Another possible parallel is xi. 54. 4 

ΤΙανσανίαί μίν κρίνος προ8ι8όναι του§ "Ελλτ^ΐΌί ΐ8ηλωσί την Ιδίαν (πιβόΚην θΐμιστοκλύ και τταρΐκάλΐσΐ. 

το]υς Έλ[ληνας την ώι\αν 8[η\(ύσας would account for 11. 267-8, and ]y[ (or ]π•[) might belong to 
ίπιβόΚην or a synonym for it, or to π[αρ(καλ(σ€. 

282-4. Fr. 53 is to be combined with Frs. 9+ 10. i, though not actually joining them, 
and belongs to 11. 67-9 ; cf. 11. 66-9, n. The fibres on the verso harmonize excellently with 
those of Fr. 10, and the vestiges in 1. 284 can be the top οι πα{ραταχ[θ(ΐσ]3ς). 

1611. Extracts from a Work on Literary Criticism. 

Fr. I ι8•6χ26•5 cm. Early third century. 

These seventy fragments of a work on literary criticism, evidently composed 
by a grammarian, were found with 1610, &c. The largest piece, Fr. i, contains 
after a few letters from the ends of lines four nearly complete columns, while the 
other pieces are much smaller ; about 130 lines in all are complete or can be 
restored. Various literary topics, which have no apparent connexion with each 
other, are discussed, being illustrated by frequent quotations from lost or (in 
two cases) extant works — a circumstance which lends the papyrus considerable 
interest. The two sections of which the beginnings are preserved (11. 38 and loi) 
both commence with 6tl, so that probably the text is a series of extracts from 
a longer work. 

In Fr. I 11. 28-37 give the conclusion of a discussion of a contest of come- fi 
dies and of the number of the judges. There is perhaps a contrast drawn 
between the practice of the writer's own day and that of earlier limes, and j 
the Bacchae of Lysippus and Πλούτοι of Cratinus are cited as authorities for ' 
a number (apparently that of the κριταί) being five ; but the context is obscure 
in several points ; cf. 11. 30, '>,$, nn. ■ 

The next section (11. 38-100), which is practically complete, is mainly 
concerned with Caeneus, the mythical king of the Lapithae, who was first a 
woman, but was changed into a man by Poseidon, and rendered invulnerable, 
then incurred the enmity of Zeus by making his subjects worship his spear 
instead of the gods, and was ultimately buried alive by the Centaurs. The explana- 
tion of Caeneus' spear, which became proverbial, is given in connexion with 
a reference to it in Book ii of Theophrastus' TTept βασίλεια? (11. 38—46), the 
whole story of Caeneus being related in an extract from Acusilaus of Argos, 
an early writer on mythology who was probably older than Herodotus (11. 55-83). 
Since the thirty-one extant fragments of Acusilaus (FHG. i. 100-3) contain 
hardly any professed quotations of his actual words, the papyrus for the first 
time affords an opportunity of estimating the character of that author's Ιστορία 
or yeveakoyiaL. The dialect proves to be in the main Ionic, as had generally 
been surmised, although no trace of it has been preserved in the extant 



128 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

fragments ; and the style is decidedly primitive. A Doric form of the aorist 
infinitive, ηκίν, is found in 1. 59, and a curious expression, μάλιστα χρημάτων, 
occurs in 11. 67-8. The influence of Acusilaus' version of the Caeneus legend is 
now traceable in scholia on Homer and Apollonius Rhodius, which may 
have derived their knowledge of the passage through our author ; of. 1. 56, n. 
A rather naive remark of the ancient logographer, that it was not Upov for 
gods to bear children by mortals, leads our author first to the citation of 
two lines from the Άλκμίων 6 bia Κορίνθου of Euripides, spoken by Apollo, 
which illustrated this subject, and later to a short discussion of it, the last four 
lines being fragmentary (11. 85-100). 

In the third section (11. 101-20) the first four lines are fragmentary, the 
ends of lines are missing throughout, and the conclusion is not reached, 
so that the reconstruction is somewhat difficult. The subject is the various 
persons called Thucydides, of whom three are distinguished, the politician (son 
of Melesias and father of Stephanus), the historian (son of Olorus), and the 
Pharsalian, as in Marcellinus' life of the historian. Polemon's treatise Uepl άκρο- 
ττόλζω^, which is known from Marcellinus to have discussed the second and third 
Thucydides, is here mentioned with reference to the first, apparently as the 
authority for a statement based on epigraphic evidence that he was the father 
of Stephanus, which is to be connected with an extant quotation from another 
work of Polemon (11. loi-ii, n.). In confirmation of the paternity of Stephanus, 
which seems to have been disputed, a passage from the Meuo of Plato is quoted, 
and Fr. i breaks off where the writer was about to add fresh evidence on the 
point from a lost comedy, the lapetus of Hermippus. 

The order of the smaller fragments is quite uncertain except in a few 
instances. Fr. 2. i is concerned with a βόρίΐοί Ittttos, two lines from the beginning 
of the Omphale of Ion being quoted as an illustration (11. 121-7), but how the 
subject was introduced does not appear. The difficulty, whatever it was, is 
stated to have been solved by Mnaseas of Patara in his work Ilepi χρησμών 
(11. 128-30). Fr. 4 is concerned with a female character in epic poetry (Penthe- 
silea?), part of a hexameter line referring to her being cited (11. 146-7), besides 
two mentions of her by authors whose names are imperfectly preserved, one of 
them being perhaps Arctinus, who wrote the Aethiopis (11. 148-52). Frs. 5, 6, 
and 43 are to be combined, as appears partly from external evidence, partly 
from the resulting satisfactory restoration of 11. 160-4. The main subject of 
this section, of which the beginning and end are not preserved, is the authorship 
of a celebrated ancient ode to Pallas. The first three words of this ode Παλλάδα 
ττ€ρσ€ττολίν beivav were quoted by Aristophanes in 1. 967 of the Clouds, and from 
the extant rather confused scholia on that passage and another in Aristides it is 



1611. WORK ON LITERARY CRITICISM 129 

known that according to Eratosthenes Phrynichus (i. e. the comic poet) attributed 
the authorship of the ode to Lamprocles, an early Athenian dithyrambic poet, 
while others assigned the ode to Stesichorus. Our author, who refers to an in- 
conclusive discussion of the claims of Lamprocles and Stesichorus by Chamaeleon 
(a disciple of Aristotle), and possibly, but by no means certainly, mentions Erato- 
sthenes (11. 158-9, n.), also adduces the evidence of Phrynichus in favour of 
Lamprocles as the author, and quotes the passage in Aristophanes (11. 160-76). 

Little can be made of the remaining fragments. There is probably a 
reference in Fr. 8. ii to Hellanicus on KrtVeis (11. 211-1 Ay "•) ; but the context is 
obscure. Fr. 9, which is more considerable, relates to a person with a name 
beginning with probably A or Λ and ending in -bημo9 (e. g. Aristodemus), who, 
after adventures in which the Naxians and Thracians were apparently concerned, 
was carried off and put to death after a trial by the Parians (11. ai8-a8). The 
Orestes of Theodectes (?) is quoted in Fr. 17, and apparently a play of Lysippus 
in Fr. 21, while Fr. 16 perhaps has another reference to the Omphale of Ion, and 
Fr. 14 possibly mentions Simonides. Other proper names which occur are Ασ(η}[ 
(1. 247, n-)j Lycia or the Lycians (1. 251), Odysseus (1. 272, perhaps in connexion 
with his descent to Hades), and Ptolemaeus (possibly Ptol. Philopator or Phila- 
delphus; 11. 369-70, n.). The names of the grammarians Aristarchus and 
Didymus can be restored in 11. 231 and 283 respectively, but in neither place 
with any confidence. That Frs. 31-2, 42, 44-5. 63-5, and 68 belong to 1611 
is not at all certain. All the fragments belong to the middles of columns, except 
Fr. I and where it is otherwise stated. 

The handwriting is a small neat uncial closely resembling that of 1012, a 
treatise on literary composition, written soon after A. D. 205 (Part vii, Plate iv). 
leil also probably belongs to the first two or three decades of the third century, 
and is approximately contemporary with 1610, of which the script is similar, but 
larger. The columns are short, consisting of 24 or 25 lines of 14-20 letters, 
generally about 17. The end of a section is marked in 1. 37 by a coronis, which 
is employed after I..115 and probably 1. 138 to divide a quotation from the main 
text. Paragraphi also occur after 11. 90 (where it is misplaced), 165, 214, and 231 
to indicate quotations. Strokes against the margin of 11. 83-4 call attention to 
the recommencement of the author's commentary at the end of the extract from 
Acusilaus, of which the beginning is distinguished by the sign -^ (1. ^6, n.). The 
obelus against 1. 116 apparently also indicates a quotation, and the two flourishes 
after 1. 138 seem to be merely supplementary to the neighbouring coronis. High 
stops were used, but not at all regularly ; one doubtful instance of a stop in the 
middle position occurs in 1. 442. Occasional marks of elision and quantity and 
accents are found in the poetical quotations (11. 91 and 127), and there are some 

κ 



I30 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

diaereses over t and v. An abbreviation, κ for και, is used in 1. ai6. Iota 
adscript was not infrequently omitted by the first hand, but when ignored was 
inserted by a contemporary corrector, who might even be the same scribe. The 
insertion, however, of two words omitted in 1. 59 and similar additions of omitted 
letters in 11. 281, 338, and 350 all seem to be in a second hand, especially the 
cursively written e above 1. 281 ; in 11. 169 and 223 the alterations are most 
probably due to the first hand. The revision of the papyrus was in any case 
not very thorough, and several small mistakes remain uncorrected, 11. 45 ο for ου, 
46 άξιον for αξίων, ^'] Ποσιδω^ for ΥΙοσ^ώ^ων, 6l αντον for αντην, 8θ opaov for ορθών, 
84 τι for το, gi αττ' for αττο, loj the apparent omission of κάλου after Κο[αλ€μον, 127 
αίν^ται for averai, 222 μ^Θικαν for μ^θηκαν : cf. also 11. 123, T46, and 172-3, nn. 

The date of the papyrus itself excludes a later period than about the middle 
of the second century for the composition of the work from which 1611 was 
excerpted. On the other hand a date not earlier than 200 B. C. is indicated by 
the references to (i) Polemon, who was a Delphic -npo^^vos in 177-6 B.C. 
(Susemihl, Gesch. d. Alex. Lit. i. 667^^^), and according to Suidas a contem- 
porary of Ptolemy Epiphanes (204-181 B.C.), and (2) Mnaseas, who according 
to an ambiguously worded statement of Suidas was a pupil of Eratosthenes. 
The striking resemblance between the discussion of the authorship of the ode 
to Pallas in 1611 and the views attributed to Eratosthenes by the scholia on 
Aristophanes' Clouds 967 (cf. pp. 128-9 and 11. 162-5, "•) ^^ first sight suggests that 
the papyrus may consist of extracts from Eratosthenes' clebrated work ΠβρΙ 
apxaias κωμωδία?. The first of the three sections in Fr. i seems to be concerned 
with the Old Comedy; the second, about Caeneus, deals with a subject which 
was the basis of plays by two writers of the Middle Comedy, Antiphanes 
and Araros, and may well have been utilized earlier, while the third, about 
Thucydides, leads up to a quotation from Hermippus. The two statements 
attributed to Asclepiades of Myrlea by Suidas that Polemon (i) synchronized 
with Aristophanes of Byzantium (the successor of Eratosthenes as librarian at 
Alexandria; cf. p. 131) and (2) was the disciple ofPanaetius (about 180-110B.C.) 
are scarcely consistent with each other, and the second has usually been regarded 
as corrupt ; cf. Susemihl, i. 666^^^. Since Eratosthenes according to Suidas 
was born in 276-2 B.C. and died at the age of eighty in the reign of Ptolemy 
Epiphanes, it is possible that his ITept αρχαίας κω/χωδία? quoted Polemon's earlier 
works. The suggestion of Knaack (Pauly-Wissowa, Realenc. vi. 360), that the 
treatise on Comedy was written in the early part of Eratosthenes' life before 
he left Athens for Alexandria, is not based on any evidence, and Theophrastus, 
a writer utilized in it (cf. Strecker, De Lycophro7ie, Etiphronio, Eratosthene, &c., 
Fr. 75), is also quoted in 1611 (1. 38). Polemon, who joined the Pergamene 



1611. WORK ON LITERARY CRITICISM 131 

school, wrote a treatise against Eratosthenes (Susemihl, i. 670^°^) Ucpl ttjs 
"Άθηνησιν Ερατοσθένους (ττώημίας, denying (probably ironically) that Eratosthenes 
had ever been at Athens, and two of the six extant fragments of that treatise 
(Frs. 47-8, FHG. iii. 130) apparently refer to statements in the Ilepi αρχαίας 
κωμωδία?, which was therefore earlier than Polemon's attack on Eratosthenes. 
It is, however, not quite clear that Polemon is mentioned in 1611 with approval 
(cf. 11. loi-ii, n.), and the controversy between him and Eratosthenes may have 
been begun by the latter. As regards Mnaseas, whose date mainly depends on 
that of Eratosthenes, the fact that he is quoted with approval in 1611 (1. 128) 
is not inconsistent with the hypothesis that he was the author's own pupil ; 
but it is not quite certain whether Suidas meant to call Mnaseas the pupil of 
Eratosthenes or of Aristarchus. The latter interpretation, which would of course 
be fatal to the view that 1611 was the work of Eratosthenes, is rejected by 
Susemihl, i. 679^°^. The date of Eratosthenes' death (196-4 B. c), which is accepted 
by Susemihl mainly on the evidence of Suidas, thus leaves a narrow margin of 
time available to which the Uepl αρχ. κωμ. could be assigned on the assumption 
that 1611 belongs to that work ; but most of this margin tends to disappear, 
if with Knaack (Pauly-Wissowa, Realenc. vi. 359) Strabo's statement that 
Eratosthenes was the pupil of Zeno of Citium be accepted ; for Eratosthenes' 
birth and death must then be put back about ten years earlier than Suidas' dates. 
1241, which settles the order of the Alexandrian librarians from Apollonius 
Rhodius to Cydas and rectifies some errors of Suidas, is apt to be mistaken 
or corrupt in its chronological references to the Ptolemies with whom the 
librarians were associated. But the position assigned to Eratosthenes, next 
after Apollonius Rhodius and before Aristophanes of Byzantium, whose suc- 
cessors were (omitting κοί Άρίσταρχος in 1241. ii. 8 as an interpolation) Apollonius 
the ξίδογράφος and Aristarchus of Samothrace, suggests that Eratosthenes' literary 
activity hardly continued as late as the reign of Epiphanes, and if the corrupt 
Φίλοτ:άτοροί in 1241. ii. 15 is corrected to Έττιφά^ου? instead of Φίλομητορος, as is 
possible, Eratosthenes' period of office at Alexandria must have ended soon 
after the accession of Philopator in 222-1 B.C. Hence, though the difficulty 
caused by the mention of Mnaseas can be got over, that caused by the reference 
to Polemon Tlepl άκροττόλζως is a much more serious and probably insuperable 
obstacle to the attribution of 1611 to Eratosthenes Uepl αρχαίας κωμωδία?. More- 
over it is possible that the scholium on Aristophanes which gives Lamprocles' 
version of the ode to Pallas is nearer to Eratosthenes' actual words than are the 
other scholia, which agree with 1611 in quoting Phrynichus' version (cf. 11. 162- 
5, n.), and the ode to Pallas was evidently the subject of much discussion. 
Lastly, in 1611 the sections about Caeneus and Thucydides are not, so far 

κ 2 



132 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

as can be judged, specially concerned with Old Comedy, so that a later author 
than Eratosthenes is distinctly more probable. Eratosthenes may even have been 
referred to by name in the discussion of the ode to Pallas (11. 158-9, n.), and he is 
in any case likely to have been the main source of that section of the papyrus. 

The hypothesis of the Eratosthenean authorship of the section concerning 
the ode to Pallas might be combined with the attribution of other sections 
to different grammarians ; but though it is not certain that the various extracts 
are all from the same work, there is more to be said in favour of the view that 
they come from one of the miscellanies (σύμμίκτα), which were composed by several 
grammarians of the Alexandrine and Roman periods. Of these miscellanies the 
Earliest known is by Callistratus the pupil of Aristophanes of Byzantium and 
composer also of a work Upds ras άθίτήσας (sc. of Aristarchus) and commentaries 
on Cratinus and Aristophanes; cf. Athen. iii. 135 c-d, where the 7th book is 
quoted, R. Schmidt, De Callistrato Aristophaneo, and Susemihl, i. 450. Another 
composer of miscellanies was Herodicus KpaTTjreios, who is chiefly known from 
quotations in Athenaeus from his three works, Προ? τον Φιλοσωκράτην, Σνμμικτα 
υττομνηματα (Athen. viii. 34° e), and Kωμωbovμ€voL (in at least six books). His 
date is disputed : Gudeman in Pauly-Wissowa, Realenc. viii. 974, assigns him 
to the first century B. C. That the celebrated Didymus, who died in the reign of 
Augustus, wrote Σνμμικτα is attested by the Etym. Gud. 124. 3, where it is 
stated that Alexion (a first-century grammarian of Alexandria) made an epitome 
of them. The Σνμμικτα are generally identified with the Συμποσιακά of Didymus, 
which were also of a miscellaneous character ; cf. Cohn in Pauly-Wissowa, 
Realenc. v. 470. Suidas'^ list of the works of Seleucus, the Homeric critic, who 
lived in the time of Tiberius (Gudeman, /. c), ends καί άλλα σνμμικτα, and Seleucus 
€v Σνμμίκτοΐί is cited by Schol. Apoll. Rhod. ii. 1055. Pamphila, who lived 
in the reign of Nero, wrote according to Photius {Cod. 175) thirty-three books 
σνμμίκτοη' Ιστορικών υπομνημάτων Κόγοι, which were largely used by Aulus Gellius 
and Diogenes Laertius. 1611 may well belong to one of these five writers of 
miscellanies ; but Didymus has the strongest claim to be regarded as the author, 
since in his case the existence of an epitome is also attested. In the absence 
of any clear reference to grammarians later than the second century B.C. 
Callistratus is more suitable as the composer than Herodicus, Seleucus, or 
Pamphilus, and 1611 seems to be somewhat earlier than 1012, which mentions 
both Didymus and Caecilius Calactinus, and was not composed before A. D. 50. 
Dionysius ό μουσικοί, who is known to have discussed the authorship of the ode 
to Pallas (cf. 11. 162-5, n.) and lived in the time of Hadrian, is not at all likely 
to be the author of 1611, for his known works are all concerned with μουσική 
in some form or (if he was identical with Aelius Dionysius) lexicography, and 



1611. WORK ON LITERARY CRITICISM 



133 



the Caeneus and Thucydides sections are not at all appropriate to him. Rufus, 
who is coupled with Dionysius (cf. 11. 162-5, "•) ^"^^ is thought to have 
epitomized his Μουσική Ιστορία (cf. Cohn in Pauly-Wissowa, Realenc. v. 986), 
is, apart from other considerations, unsuitable on account of his date, which 
is probably third century or later. 

We are indebted to Mr. T. W. Allen for several suggestions in the recon- 
struction of this papyrus. 



Col. i. 




Fr. I 
Col. ii. 


5 lines 
lost 




3 lines lost 

[• • •]λ« . [ 

[. . .]y avTt[ ]aL• 


> 


30 


[. . .]ov νυν σ . epa . η 


λ^ 




fj,a9 §υ οντα9 τ^ττα 


]ντων 




ρ[α]? και Tov9 κριτα^ 8η 


• i.a 




λον όντως τ€τταρα 


10 ]σ 




κοντά Λυσ•ίππ[ο]9 S ev 


]« 


35 


Βακχαις e ομοίως Se 


]at9 




και Κρατίνος ev Πλου 


12 lines 
lost 


> 


τοις Aeyei 



[ο]τι το Ίταρα Θζοφραστωί 
λ€[γο]μ€νον €ν τωι δξυ 

40 τ€ρωί Πξρι βασιλζίας 
πβρι του Καιν€ως δο 
ρατο9 τούτο και ούτος 
ζστιν ως αληθώς ο τωι 
σκητττρωι βασιλεύων 

45 ο(υ) τωι δορατι καθαπ^ρ 
ο Καινούς άξιον γαρ 
[κρα]τ€ΐν ο Καινούς τωι 
[8ορ]ατι αλλ ονχ^ι τωι σκη 



59• τ€ of T€KcV corr, from ου. 



Col. iii. 

[π]τρωι καθαπ[€ρ οι 7γ][ο 
5ο [λλο]ι βασιλβις [ασφαλή ?] Ι ου 

[γαρ] αδύνατο ττ[ρος ?] | της 

[νπ Α^κουσιλαου [του] Ι Αρ 

γζίου καταλ[€γομ^νης\ 

ιστορίας απολυσα[ι 
55 Aeyei γαρ π€ρι Kaivea [ 
^ ούτως Καινηι δζ τηι 

Ελατου μισγίται Ποσι 

δων €7Γ€ΐτα ου γαρ ην 



T€K€v ουτ 



αυτοις lepov παιδας [[r]] e| e 
60 κ€ΐνου ουτ e| άλλον ου 
δίνος ποΐ€ΐ αυτόν Πο 
σ€[ι]δ€ων άνδρα ατρω 
[το]ν ισχυν €χοντα [//e]yi 
[σ-]τ[7;]ΐ' των ανθρώπων 
65 των τοτ€ και οτ€ τις αυ 
τον κξντοιη σιδηρωι 
η χαλκωι ηλισκζτο μα 
λίστα χρημάτων και 
γιγνζται βασιλεύς ου 
7ο τος Λαπιθζων και τοις 
Κίντανροις πολ€μ€€ 
σκ€ €π€ΐτα στησας ακον 

72. t of enfcra added later. 



134 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

Col. iv. Col. V. 

\tiov iv ayopai τουτωι ?] [μ^νου ] 

[/ceXeuei θυ^ιν ? ^eot] λί[ 

75 σί δ ou/f T^e . [ και} τα .[ 

Zivs ι8ων αυτ\ον τοϊ\υτα ιοο γ^ν [ 

τΓοιουντα aneiXec και r 

εφορμά, τον. Κενταύρου, 8η .[.... και} Πολψων 

κακανοι αυτόν κατά ^^ ^^^ ^. ^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

8ο κοπτονσιν opeiov κατά \ q S\ 

γης και άνωθεν πβτρην ^ ,r 

'' ' '^ ' Ι05 αναγραφ[ 

,πιτιθπσιν σήμα και . ^^^ Μ,ληαιον [viou Xre 

,α-ποθνηισκ,ΐ' τουτ ^[σ]τιν ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ Κο[αλψον {καλόν) 

, yap ισω, τι τωι 8ορατι αρ r -> 

/ ι r ^ r r μ^νον πατ€ρα [οντοι : 

8 ρ; Y6£f τον Kaivea δννα ρ, j,r , 

•^ Λ *^ ό6 τον σνγγραφ[€α μεν 

ται 8e δια τοντον και το ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ρ 

παρ Ενριπιδη^ ^ν Λλκμ€ ^^^ ^^ ^^^ Φαρσ[αλιον 

ωνι τωι δια Κ\ο]ρινθον r ^ 

ι- -"^ wepi μζν ονν τον [τον 2,Τ€ 

λζνομζνον νπο θζον , r 7Τ\ 

' ι^ φανον πατρός κ\αι Ιΐλα 

00 καγω μ^ν ατ€κνος eye , r j,^ 

y __ ' " ' των φησιν ev τ\ωι Me 

νομην κξίνης απ • ^λ r ω 

"' ' 115 νωνι όντως [οτι κ9ον 

κμ€ωνι δ ίΤξΚξ διδν > 

μα τβκνα παρθένος ~ κνδιδης δνο [ν€ΐς e^pe 

eav ης ζητη' πως η t^" Μ€λησια[ν και ^re 

95 τον θ€ον μ€ΐξις άγονος Φ<^^ον• τοντον[ς ^παιδ^ν 

€στιν δια τον προκ€ΐ ^^^' ««' Ερμιπ[πος ο ποι 

120 ητης ev Ιαπ€[τωι Xeyei 

87. κ of άλκμΐωνι COrr. 

Fr. a (tops of cols. ?). Fr. 3. 

Col. i. Col. ii. 135 •• • i[ 

[. .] ev τη ι ϊωνο[ς Ομφ]α ΐ3ΐ [ ον πατ[ 

λη κατ αρχήν λβγομ€ ποι[ ο δζ θα[ 

[ν]ος Ηρακλ€ονς βόρειος ποιο . [ γ μ€γαλ[ 

[ιπ]πος όντως ορών μβν ^ • « • [ 7 ~πζνθ€\ 

125 [^[δη Πΐλοπος c^eXav ... 



1611. WORK ON LITERARY CRITICISM 



135 



[νό]μ€ν Ερμη βοραον 






Ι40 


πο9 ποτ[ 


[ηΓ]πορ' αίνζται 8 οδο9 








θαρσξΐ π[ 


[διαλ]€λνκ€ δ αυτό Μνα 








OS e/i[ 


[σβαί ?] ΠαταρΙ^ν? ζ]γ τ(ύ[ 


^] 






? ^If[ 


3ο [JTepi χ]ρησμω[ν 










Fr. 4• 






Frs. 5 + 43• 


Col. i. Col. ii. 




[-]•! 






145 Sp[. .]t[ 


• - και? 155 


σιν[ 






σν γυναί tlvos 


€γγον[ο9 


αδ[ 






eyx[e]ai ^ivai και τ[α e 


αψ[ 






^rjs και ω? e/cri^eT[ai Ap 


θα[ 






[ktl pjj/oy oXov 


αυτη[9 


νησβ[ 




144 ]i/ 150 [τον\ θάνατον και ο [. . 1 6ο 


ταΐ9 


^ΐΗ^ί^χο? 


[. . .^δη^ δζ τον 


τρ[. . 


αφηγο[υ]μ€ρ[θ9 


. [. . . ev] τ[ω] ; 


e [.]ια[. . 


Πα[λ]λα}[δα] 


π€ρ[σ€πολ£ΐ' 


γ[ 


i62a 


[κληιζ]ω π[ολξμαδο 


Fr. 6. 








Fr. 7. 


Col. i. 


Col. ii. 






]. 


[κο^ ayvav ττ[αίδα Δι 


[.] . ή 






].α•. 


[ο?] μζγαλου δ\αμασιπ 


TOIS [ 




195 


]ω9 πυρ 


ι65 ΤΓον ούτω παρα[ποΐξΐ ? 


τοπ[ 






]ιπονο 


διατΓορουσι γαρ ον[κ ο 


1 8ο αμφ[ 






ο]ϋ μόνον 


λίγοι 7T[e]pi τ[ου]των κα 


Κ019 [ 






^ησ^ν αλ 


[θ]α7Γ€ρ Χαμαιλξων πο 


πλα[ 




λα και ] . βϋ^ΐΤεί/ 


Tcpov ποτ€ ^τη[σι])(^ορου 


λαβ[ 




200 


]μβον 


1 7ο ^στιν η Λαμπροκλ[€ 


όσον [ 






]ονοΐί 


[o]vs κ[αιπ]€ρ]^ι^ του Φρυι/[ι 


ι85 χ€τ[ 






]τι γνη 


[χον Λαμ]προκλ€ΐ μα[θη(ττ}) ι 


? €ΐ;/οα) . [ 






] .'^^Γ[• 


[Μιδωνο^ ?] ΤΓροσνζμον 


Xittiy ω[σ•Γ€ ? 




]ί/ί7σ[. 


[tos και ? Α]ριστοφανη? 


€ΐναι τον 


[ 


205 


]7Γ€γ[. 


175 [^^ ? παραπ]οΐξΐ λίγων 


ρισμον . [ 








[Παλλάδα] n[e]p(je[n]o {λιν) 


1 90 α ye κα_ί 


[_ 






end of col. 


καί €v[ 








169. ν οί '2τη[σι]χορου ΟΟΓΓ. from s. 


end of col. 









136 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



Fr. 8. 
Col. i. Col. ii. 

[. .]. π . [ 

2IO χ6ρ6 . [ 

τοι συμ\^ 

βίων π[ ΕλΧανι 

KOS δ €y [ταις Εθνών ? 
κτισξσι [ 

215 δζ ΤΓ€ρΐ[ 

2θ6 ] . ιπον [.] . ροι κ [ 

]γΗ [.]€ σνμ[ 



Fr. 9• 
αλλ[ 

iVa|[ioi ? 

220 ταιχ[μίωι ? 

τα τωι^ Θρα[κων 

μίθικαν α[ποκομίσα ? 

ι 

[/ί]€ϊ/ο[[ίΊ] $€ τον Α[ρίστο ? 
δημον €19 την Π[αρον ? 
22 5 η^τίωντο τηρι τουτ[ων 
οι Πάριοι και ei? δι[κα 
στηριον €ίσαγαγορ[τ€9 
απ€ΚΤ€ΐναν' κ[αι ? . . 
[ ]r]9 δ €V [. . . . 



μ^ 



230 



235 



240 



Fr. 10. 

αριστα[ 
δ €v ζ τρ[ 
διων €)([ 
ρ[ο]ν και κ[ 
την €ρνθ[ραν 
ου ^evov [ 
παρατρ[ 
μα €^ην[ 
yap την . . [ 
κ αν eiTTiv [ 



245 



Fr. II. 

] . [ 

]eyf??[• • . 

..... παρ }]οιμιω[. . . . 

....]...[..] ei[. . . . 
. .]αρΐ9 €σ)(ατοι.[. . . . 
. . .]τονστ)9 ηδονα[9 η ? 
αλγ }]ηδονας ο δζ Ασστ)[ 
• ' •]ί [<τ]τρατ€νοι π€ρ[ί . 
end of col. 



Fr. 12. 

[• ']M 
250 μονζ o[ 

Λνκι[ 

r€.[ 

ρω[ 

VI. [ 

255 ριΚ 

6/C.[ 
[0]l . [ 



ου 



Fr. 13. 

Μ 

]κοσμ[ 
26ο ]y αλλ . [ 

]?ί vμ^R[ 
]ον ποτ[ 
]πο των [ 
end of col. 



Fr. 14. 




Fr. 15. 




Fr. 16. 


]λα ταγμ[ 


270 


]νυαδο[ 


275 


]7)σω[ 


265 π]ρωτον [ 




] Αιδου υ[ 




φη ?]σι δ ζ [irepi ? 


]ay λαβο[ 




Οδ]υσσ€υ9 . [ 




]η9 Ιων [ 


]ουτω α . [ 




]τησω . [ 




]λην τι[ 


]ωνιδον[ 




]os• κα[ 




Μ 


ον[ 










mv • [ 











1611. WORK ON LITERARY CRITICISM 



Fr. 17. Fr. 18. 

280 [0eo56/f ?]τ[ί7]? S ev Ορ(σττ)[ ]euoy[ 

285 ]7Γ€/)σ[ 

] errt ττ}[ 

> 4 ' 

end of col. 



[nepi ? . . .]aTLas φησιν 
] . θην νπο 



Fr. 19. 

]Τ ' γ[ 

] καθ ην\^ 
290 ^μβLa . [ 
]αμα^ της [ 
end of col. 



137 

Fr. 20. 

]aioL . [ 

]ou>c[ 



295 



]<i>d 



]y 5e 

]o 
300 ] . u 

7ΐ]ΐ'σί7Γ 

TToy (u — ] εντως 

Fr. 25. 
[. . .] νπαλ[ 
[. . .yrpov [ 
πανον και υ[ 
325 τ 6γχ7?[ 

iV TOIS [ 

end of col. 



Frs. 31+23. 

]η πρι 

305 ]Ηλη 
] πυρ 
]/foy 
'\τα 
end of col. ? 



Fr. 26. 

]ουτ[ 

] β <P[ 
330 ]o yap . [ 

1 . ov\i[ 

end of col. 



Fr. 39. 

].σ€ί[ 

]7Γ/)0 . [ 

]ωδ[ 
345 > 4 

]•[ 
]μαφυ[ 

360 ] . α7Γθ[ 



Fr. 30. 
top of col. 

346 ] ί7Γ7Γθλ[ 

]ασ[ 
Fr. 34. 

]οσ[ 

365 ]τη[ 



Fr. 33. 

]•[ 
310 ]υλ[ 

]?[ 

3^5 Μ 
Fr. 37. 



].τ[ 
335 y]0o[ 

]τρ^Λ 

>ία[ 
Fr. 31. 

350 ]. τα .[ 

6]7Γί0α[ 

]8οτ[ 



Fr. 35. 
top of col. 

366 ]y €*:[ 



Fr. 34. 
]αίλ[ 

320 ]e_i . [ 



Fr. 28. 

τα[ 

340 ]του V . .[ 
^rai Atp[ 
end of col. 

Fr. 33. 

]?/«[ 
355 ] • ω/)ί[ 

]αταΛθ[ 

^]"•ίΧ • [ 

Fr. 36. 
]€coy 0[ 
370 ] Πτολ€/ι[αι 

]στίσ[ 

370. r of Πτολ. inserted. 



138 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

Fr. 37. Fr. 38. Fr. 39. Fr. 40. 

372 €.[ 375 ]0a[ y^lA 381 ]M 

π[ ]αυ[ ] . ai .[ ]φορο[ 

v[ ]0[ 380 ]σ[ jaTre^i 

Fr. 41. Fr. 42. Fr. 43. Fr. 44. 

] . ί Trpo[ ]Ly ?■/?[ ]"[ 396 ]v \ri[ 

385 j.Mfe.i ].yap νπ^ρ[ ]^ei/[ ]στο[ 

] . y . . τα[ 390 ]οννοστ[ '[^^Pi ]''''^[ 

].[ ].[ 395 W ]..[ 

Fr. 45. Fr. 46. Fr. 47. Fr. 48. Fr. 49. 

400 ]ro ]. [ 406 ]. [ Μ 4" ]σ• 

]va[ ]v αλ[ ]οι;λ[ 410 ]ητρί .[ jet 

] . TO . [ 405 jai'i ]o[.] . [ end of col. ^iy 

Fr. 50. Fr. 51. Fr. 52. Fr. 53. 

].Te/[ 4ΐ6].5ο^[ 4i8 ] • [.]e[ 420 M- •] • [ 

415 ]ανω[ ]ai'v[ ]o• το λο[ ] . Τ6σωσ[ 

end of col. end of col. end of col. end of col. 

Fr. 54. Fr.55. Fr. 56. Fr. 57. Fr. 58. 

422 ]η[ ]v pei[ 426 ]των [ 42S ]ωρ .[ 430 ]^eA[ 

Μ 425 ]μ . [ Μ ]^«?[ ]λ\'[ 

Fr. 59• Fr. 60. Fr. 61. Fr. 62. Fr. 6^. 

432 ] . παλ[ ]υξ[ 436 ]_i/ 438 ]κ[ 440 ] . ποί . [ 

]αρτα)[ 435 ]<?.•[ ]far ] . . [ ] . [ 

Fr. 64. Fr. 65. Fr. 66. Fr. 67. Fr. 68. 

442 ]vai• o[ 443 ] • • l?[ 444 ]νσι[ 445 ] . σ[ ]_z/ 7Γατ[ 

end of col. end of col. ]χα[ 45° ]ffoiy[ 

]ακα[ ]fiA[ 



1611. WORK ON LITERARY CRITICISM 139 

29~37• 1^ ^ντιγ, . . ; . •\ο.ιγ. . Λον νυν σ , (pa . ' ημάς δυ' ovras Τΐτταρ\α\ς και tovs κριτάς', δηλον όντως 
τ(τταράκοντα, Αύσιπττ\ο]ς δ* fv Βάκχαις e', ομοίως 8e κα\ Κρατίνος iv ΤίΧοντοις 'Kiyei. 

' ..." US being two, and the judges four ", thus evidently forty ; but Lysippus in the 
Bacchae says that they were five, and so does Cratinus in the Πλοΰτοί.' 

38—97. [o]rt TO πάρα θίοφράστω λe[yό^μfvov ev τώ Bevrepcu Tlfp\ βασιλιίας nfp\ τοχι Καινίως 
δόρατος τυΰτο' ' και ούτος εστίν ως άΧηβως ό τω σκήπτρω βασιλίνων, ο(υ) τώ δόρατι καθάττίρ ή Καιν^νς. 
αζι(ω^ν yap ^κραλτίΐν ό Καινίνς τω \δόρ^ατι, αλλ' ουχί τω σκη\π\τρω καθάττϊίρ οί π]ο[λλο]ί βασιλΐΐς, 
ϊεσφάλη' ?] ου [γαρ] ebvvaTO τι^ρος Η της Ιΰπ' Ά^κονσιΚάου \του\ 'Apyeiov κατα\\ΐγομ€νηί] Ιστορίας 
άποΧνσα^ι], Xeyti yap nepl Kaivea ούτως' ' Kaivfj δε TJj ΈΧάτου μίσγίται Ώοσ(ΐΒ(ΐ)ων. eneiTa, 
oil yap ην αντοΐς Upov τταΐδας TtKev οντ e^ eKeivov οντ ΐζ aWov ονδενός, ποκΊ αντίη^ν ΙΙοσ(\ι\8ίων 
άνδρα ατρω'το'Ιν, Ισχύν ΐχοντα [μ€ΐγι'[σΊΓ[?;1ι/ των ανθρώπων των τότ€, κα\ οτ( τις αντον κεντοίη σιδηρώ 
η )^αΧκώ, ήλίσκίτο μάΧιστα χρημάτων. κα\ yiyvfTai βασιΧ(ύς ούτος Ααπιθέων καΐ τοΙς Κ^ντανροις 

ποΧΐμίίσκΐ, ί'πΐΐτα στησας άκόν\τιον iv ayopa τούτω KeXevei dveiv ? deoliVri δ' οίικ η( . \ , και ?1 

Ζίύ? Ιδών αντ\ον τα^τα ποιοΰντα ΰπειλίΐ και εφορμά, τους Κενταύρους, κάκεΐνοι αυτόν κατακόπτονσιν 
ορ(θ\ον κατά yής και Άνωθεν πετρην επιτιθεισιν σήμα και αποθνήσκει.' τοΰτ' ίΤσΙτιΐ' yap "ίσως τ(τη τω 
δόρατι αρχειν τον Καινεα. δύναται δε δια τούτον καΐ το παρ Εύριπίδτ] εν ΆΧκμεωνι τώ δια Κ\ο]ρίνθου 
Χεγόμενον ΰπο θεοΰ' 

' κάγώ μεν ατεκνος εγενόμην κείνης απ(ο), 
ΆΧκμεωνι δ' ετεκε δίδυμα τέκνα παρθένος, 
εάν τις ζητη πώς η τον θεοΰ μείξις αγονός εστίν, δια τον προκει\^μενον . . . 

' That what Theophrastus says in the second book Concerning Kingship about the 
spear of Caeneus is as follows. " And this is the king who really rules by his sceptre, not 
by his spear like Caeneus." For Caeneus claiming to govern by his spear, not by his sceptre 
as is the fashion of most kings, failed, because he had no power, according to the story related 
by Acusilaus the Argive, to release. He describes Caeneus as follows. " Caene daughter 
of Elatus was united to Poseidon; afterwards, since it was impious for them to have 
children either by him or by any one else, Poseidon made her an invulnerable man, 
possessing the greatest strength of any person then living, and when any one stabbed him 
with iron or bronze, he was conquered most certainly of all. So Caeneus became king of 
the Lapithae, and waged war with the Centaurs. Afterwards he set up his javelin in the 
market-place and bade people sacrifice to it. But this was not (pleasing ?) to the gods, and 
Zeus seeing him doing this, threatened him and stirred up the Centaurs against him ; and 
they cut him down upright below the ground, and put a mass of rock above as a tomb ; so 
he died." That is apparently what is meant by Caeneus ruling by a spear, and it also 
explains what is said by the god in Euripides' ΆΧκμεων 6 διά Κορίνθον "And I was without 
child by her, but she bare to Alcmaeon twin children, a virgin." If the inquiry is made 
how union with a god is without offspring, (it is shown) through the aforesaid . . .' 

101—20. OTi ουχ [ ]δη . [. . . . κάιί Πολ/μω!/] εν τω ['. ITfpi άκροπόγ^εως 

δ[ 1 άναγραφί 1 τον ΜεΧησίον [υίόΐ', Στε^φάνου δε του Κο\^αΧεμου (καΧου^Υ 

μενου πατέρα, ϊούτοι}] δε τον συyypaφ\^έa μέν^ φασιν Όλόρου νΐ^όν, Tpi?JT0V δε τον Φαρσ[άλιοΐ'.] 
περί μεν ουν τοΰ \τον 2τε]φάνου πατρός κ\α\ ΙΐΧά]των φησίν εν τ[ω Με]ΐ'ωΐ'ί οϋτως' [' οτι θου^κνδίδης 
δύο [ΰείς εθρε^ψεν ΜεΧησία[ν καΐ Στέ^φανον' τούτοι [s έπαίδευ^σεν.' κα\ "Ερμιπ\πος 6 ποι\ητης εν 
^ΙαπεΙτώ Xεyει . . . 

' That . . . and Polemon in the [.] book Concerning the Acropolis do not . . . Thucydides 
... the son of Melesias and father of Stephanus called the Stupid ; but they say that the 
historian was the son of Olorus, and a third was the Pharsalian. With regard to the father 



I40 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

of Stephanus Plato also says in the Mem " That Thucydides brought up two sons, Melesias 
and Stephanus ; these he educated ". And Hermippus the poet in the lapetus says . . / 

121—30. ] ο iv τ_^'ΊωΐΌ[ί Ό/χφΙάλτ; κατ άρχην \(γόμ(^ν^ος Ήρακ\ΐου5 βόρειος [?7Γ]πο5 οντωε' 
' ορών μΐν \η\^η Πίλοποί €'^€λαι[ΐΌ]μ€ΐ', 
'Έρμη, βόραον \Ί.π\πυν' ajilrerat δ οδό?.' 
[δίολίίλυκε δ' αυτό Μΐ'α[σ/αϊ ό ?] Παταρ[ίΰί eji/ τω [llfpl ;γ]ρί;σμά[ΐ' . . . 

' ... the northern horse of Heracles mentioned at the beginning of the Omphale of Ion 
thus : " At length from the boundaries of Pelops we drive forth, Ο Hermes, the northern 
horse, and the road is finished." Mnaseas of Patara in his work Concerning Oracles has 
solved the difficulty . . .' 

146—52. '. . . K(v.V\ (TV, yvvai, τίνοί ((κ^γονοί (ϋχ\(\αι fivai j 
κάί τ[ά (]$ψ, και ώς ίΚΓί^6τ[αι Άρκτί?]ι/θί όλον αύτη[ς τ6ν\ θάνατον. κα\ ό [ ρη! de τον 

r,[..].[...eV]r[a]e' [.Η .>[... 

' " . . . and thou, lady, from whom dost thou boast thy descent ? " and so on, and that 
Arctinus relates her death in full, and des in the 5th book of . . .' 

160— "76. "^Γαΐί φ[ρυ\ν^ιχος ] άφηγο[ν]μΐν[ος ]" ' Πα[λ]λα[δα π(ρσίπο\ιν κΚτιζγΰ 

π ο\ΐμα8όκο]^ν άγνάν πίαίδα Διόί] /lifyaXov ί^αμάσιπ^πον' ούτω 7Γαρα[ποΐίί ?] ^ιαποροϋσι yap οι[κ oJXt'yot 
7Γ elpi τΓαύΙτων, κο\θ]άπίρ Χαμαιλίων, πύτίρόν ποτΐ Στη^σι^χόρου ϊστίν ή Αα/χ7Γροκλ[€ο]υΓ, K^uin\fp τον 
\φρυν\ίχου Ααμ]προκλ('ί μα[^7;^τ^) Μίδωνος ?] προσνίμον^τος. κα\ ? 'λ^ριστοφάνη! [δε ? παραπ^οΐίΐ λίγων 
' Παλλάδα] 7Γ[ε]ρσί[π]ο[λιΐ' δΐίνάν ' . . . 

' . . . Phrynichus relating ..." To Pallas destroyer of cities I call, to the sustainer of 
Avar, the pure, the child of great Zeus, the horsetamer " thus introduces (?) it. For not a few, 
like Chamaeleon, are in doubt whether this was formerly written by Stesichorus or by 
Lamprocles, though Phrynichus attributes it to Lamprocles the pupil of Midon {?). Aristo- 
phanes also introduces it saying "To Pallas destroyer of cities, the terrible" . . .' 

219—28. . . . Νά|[ιοι? (V μ€γαιχ[μίω? ] τα των θρα^κών ] 

μ(θ(η\καν. α\πυκομισύμ ?]eiOt δε τον Ά[ρ<σΓΟ ?ρημον ίΐς την Ώ^άρον ? | ιιτιωντο περί τοίίτ[ωί'] οί Πα'ρίοί, 
κα\ ει? δι\κα}στηριον ε ισαγαγόι [τεϊ] άττίκταναν. 

' . . . the Naxians ... is a disputed frontier . . . the Thracians . . . released him. The 
Parians carried off Aristodemus to Paros and censured him for this, and after bringing him 
to trial put him to death.' 

23-7. Fr. 26, where in 1. 329 ] β κρ[ιται can be restored (cf. 11. 31-2), is perhaps to be 
placed at the bottom of Col. i, as Allen suggests. 

29. ]s avTt[ : the division of these letters is uncertain, η can be read instead of t. 

30. ]ov : ev can equally well be read. All that is visible before 1^ is a spot of ink in 
about the middle of the line. ]av is impossible, and other vowels are improbable. 

€ . epa .: except in pa, only the bottoms of the letters are preserved. The first seems 
to be ε or σ and [t] may be lost between it and the second, which is rather more like ε, θ, or σ 
than e.g. γ or i, and does not come below the line as far as τ usually does in this hand. The 
third must be ε, ο, or σ, and the last can be γ, η, i[s], κ, μ, ν, or π. Cf. the next η. 

ημάς : the first person is not found elsewhere in 1611, and ημάς Svovras can hardly be 
right, though possibly the participle is to be corrected to λύοντας or ί.(ιαλ)νοντας : cf. 1. 128 
[δια]λε'λι/κε. The present active of 8veiv is very rare outside epic poetry, μα suits the vestiges 
very well ; the lacuna between these two broken letters could take [i], but not [ερ]. As was 
suggested by Prof. Rostowzew, it is better to divide δυ(ο) ovtos and regard ημα: . . . κριτας as 



1611. WORK ON LITERARY CRITICISM 141 

a quotation from a comedy. The preceding words can also be an iambic line, ending vw 

ae opav. Cf. also 11. 23-7, n. 

35. €'. for 5 judges at contests of comedies cf Schol. Ar. Birds 445 'ίκμναν κριτάι rovs 

κωμικούς. oi df λαμβάνοντίί Tcis e ψηφονς ei8aιμόvovv, Hesych. nevre κριταί' τοσούτοι roty κωμικοΊς 
f κρίνον ov μόνον ^Αθηνησιν άλλα και iv Έ,ικΐΧία, Zenobius, Cent. ϊ\\. 64 fv πείτε κριτών γούνασι κίϊται' 
. . . πείτε κριται τονς κωμικοί^ 'ίκρινον, ως φησι ^Επίχαρμος, which is copied by Suidas. The difficulty ! 

is that 4 judges (1. 32) at contests of comedies are not attested at any period, and 
what ' 40 ' refers to is very obscure. Apart from the references quoted concerning Comedy, 
the question of the number of judges at dramatic contests and the method of selection is not ' 
yet very clear; cf Miiller, Lehrb. d. griech. Buhnenalt. 368-72. In Plut. Cwion 8 the ten 
strategi appear as judges in a contest at which Sophocles won the first prize ; but it is generally 
supposed that there were normally 5 judges for tragedies as well as for comedies, and these 
were in both cases selected by lot from a larger body of 10, i.e. i for each tribe, this body 
of 10 having been chosen by lot from a much larger number, of which the size is unknown. 
But it is not satisfactory to identify the ' 40 ' with the largest body. The number ' 5 ' in | 
connexion with contests of comedies might also refer to the contending poets, of whom 5 are j 
attested in the time of Aristophanes and in the second century b.c. (cf. Miiller, op. cit. 321), ' 
and these might be connected with τουϊ\ς αντ^ in 1. 29 and be contrasted with ημάς δυ οντάς, 
not with τ(:σσαρας και τονς κριτας. Owing to the loss of the beginning we are unable 1 
to suggest a satisfactory explanation of the passage ; but in view of (i) the common use of ! 
κριταί in connexion with dramatic contests in particular, and (2) the two references to Old 
Comedy, it remains probable that contests of comedies are in some way meant. Of the 
Bacc/iae of hysippus, which seems to have been his most popular play, six fragments are 
known, and of Cratinus' Τίλοϋτοι nine. 1 

38. ["Jrt: cf. 1. loi. The papyrus is not broken, but no trace of ο is visible; it has 
more probably been obliterated than omitted by mistake, τι might be the beginning of 
a section of a work in the style of Aristotle's Problevis, but does not suit τοντο in 1. 42 ; 
cf. the next n. 

42. TovTo, we think, refers to the following quotation, like όντως in 11. 56 and 115. 
There is no marginal indication of the beginning of a quotation here, as there is commonly 
elsewhere (cf. p. 1 2 9) ; but και οντος is unintelligible as part of our author's commentary. Where 
the Theophrastus quotation ends is not quite clear. It might stop after Καιι/ευ? in 1. 46, or 
απολυσα[ι in 1. 54, or αποθνηισκει in 1. 83, where the Acusilaus quotation in any case ends 
and there are strokes in the margin, or even after Και^εα in 1. 85. That 11. 85-100 belong , 
to Theophrastus is very unlikely, their subject being irrelevant to his treatise. We adopt 
1. 46 as the dividing-point between the Theophrastus quotation and our author's comment. 
If Theophrastus had quoted the long Acusilaus extract, which is not in itself likely, an 
allusion to the latter would rather have been expected at the beginning of the section, and 
below 1. 46 a paragraphus or other critical sign may have been lost. 

46. άξιον is a mistake for άξιων. Cf. p. 130. 

49-52. The ends of these hnes are on a fragment which was originally separate, but is 
very suitably placed here, though there is no external inciication that it belongs to the top 
of a column. α|[λλο]ι is inadmissible in 11. 49-50. π[ρος]της in I. 51 is not at all satisfactory 
in the apparent sense of κατά with the accusative, but π[ε/3ΐ] is no improvement, and 
a preposition is required, μ and ν are the only alternatives to π, δ[ια being thus excluded 
and μ[€τα being also unsatisfactory. 

53. t can equally well be read in place of the r of καταλ[εγο^ιεΐ'7;Γ, but και αλ[λωΐ' (with τον 
instead of υπ in 1. 52) makes 1. 53 much shorter than the preceding lines, though not rnuch 
shorter than 1. 54 if απολυσα[ι there is right. απολνσα[σθαι is possible as far as the size of the 
lacuna is concerned, but would make 1. 54 unusually long. 



142 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

55• Katvfa ; or VLaiveals, 

56. -^ in the margin, marking the beginning of the quotation, probably, as Allen 
suggests, means χρ(^σΐΓ), i.e. ' passage'; cf. Dion. Hal. De rhet. 4 and Apoll. Dysc. De syni. 
i. 119. It also occurs in Atiecd. Oxon. ii. 452. 19 £ Άριστοφάι/ου$• ( = Birds 1180), and in 
the Anecd. Parisinum de notis (Bergk, Zeitschr. f. Alter. 1845, 88) along with the obelus, 
which occurs in 1. 116 of the papyrus, also apparently to indicate a quotation, for which the 
usual sign in papyri is the diple, e. g. in 405 (Part iii, Plate i). The obelus is explained 
in U\t Anecd. Paris, in accordance with its usual sense of indicating an error ; of 'jl the writer 
says chi et ro : haec sola vix ad voluniaiem uniuscuiusque ad aliquid nota7idum poniiur. 

Καινψ: KaivLs, not Καινή, is the feminine form of Kaivevs elsewhere; cf. Phleg. Fr. 34 
ot avToi (sc. Hesiod, Dicaearchus, Clearchus, Callimachus and others) ίσ-τοροΰσι κατά την 

λαπιθων χώραν yeveadai Έλάτω τω βασιΧΐΙ θυγατέρα ονομαζομίνην Kaiviba' ταντη Se ΤΙοσΐώωνα 
μιγίντα επαγγειΚασθαι ιτοιησίΐν αυτήν ο αν edeXr], την 8ΐ άζιωσαι μεταΧΚάζαί αυτήν (Is civBpa, ποιησαι re 
ατρωτον, τοΰ Se ΪΙοσίΐδωνοί κατά το άζίωθεν ποιησαντοί μ(τονομασθηναι Καινία. Ovid, who describes 

at considerable length Caeneus' death in 31eiam. xii. 172 sqq., also has Caenis. Acusilaus' 
work Avas largely based on Hesiod, and the story of Caeneus may have been derived from 
the poet, though in the extant remains of Hesiod Caeneus is mentioned only in Scut. 179 
among the list of the chiefs of the Lapithae. Homer also has only one mention of him, 

A 264 Katvea τ Έ^άδιόι/ re και άντίβίον Πολύφημον, οη which Schol. A remarks ό Kaivfvs 
Ελάτου μ€ν ην nals, Ααπιθών 8e βασιΚΐΰί, ττρότΐρον ην τταρθΐνος einpenrjs, \iiyiyTOS δέ αυτί) Ποσειδώνος, 
αΐτησαμίνη μΐταβαΚΐΙν els avbpa η veavis ατρωτο$ γιΐ'εται, γ€ΐ'»'αιότατο9 τώμ καθ' αύτοί' υπάρ|ας. 
κα\ 8η TTOTe πηξας ακοΐ'τιοί' ev τώ μΐσαιτάτω της αγοράς θίον τοΰτο προσεταζεν άριθμά,ν. 8ι ην αΐτίαν 
άγαΐ'ακτησας ο Zeus τιμωρίαν της άσφΐίαί τταρ' αυτοΰ εϊσζπράζατο. μαχόμενον γάρ αυτόν toIs 
Κίνταυροις κα\ ατρωτον οντά νποχΐίριον εποίησε' βάλόντΐς γάρ αυτόν οί προειρημενοι 8ρνσί τί κάϊ 
ίΚάταις ηρεισαν εΙς γην. μίμνηται 8ε αντοϋ και ΆποΧλώνιος εν τοΙς Άργοναντικοϊς {[, 59)> λίγωι* ούτως' 
Καινεα γάρ 8η πρόσθεν ετι κΧείουσιν άοώοΙ Κενταύροισιν οΚεσβαι, οτε σφεας οίος απ αΧΚων ηΧασ' 
αριστηων' οι 8 εμπαΚιν 6pμηθεvτεs οϋτε μιν άγκΚ'ιναι ττροτερω σθενον οΰτε 8αιξαι, αλλ' άρρηκτος 
άκαμπτος ε8υσατο νειόθι γαίηε, θεινόμενος στιβαρΐισι κατάιγ8ην ελάττ]σιν. Eustathius' comment Οη 
the verse is very similar ό 8ε μϋθος φύσει ατρωτον αυτόν είνα'ι φηοΊ, π\άττων κα\ οη παρθένος 
ευπρεπής ποτέ γεγόνοι, κα\ Τίοσεώώνος αυτί] μιγεντος, αΐτησαμενη άνηρ γενέσθαι κα\ άτρωτος μεΐναι, ων 
ηθελεν έτυχε. λέγεται 8ε και νπερφρονησαι. άκόντιον γάρ, φασιν, εν αγορά μέση ττηξας εις ορθόν θεον 
τοντο προσεταξεν άριθμεΐν. όθεν η 8ίκη ποινην αυτόν ασεβείας εισπραττομένη πεποίηκεν νπο τοις 
Κενταυροις, οι 8ρυσί τε και ελάταις εις γην ήρεισαν αρρηκτον καΐ ακαμπτον 8ΰντα νπο γην, θεινόμενον 
στιβαραΐς καταιγ8ην ελάταις, ως φησιν ^Απολλώνιος. Schol. Apoll. Rhod. i. 59 haS μνθολογονσι δε 
τον Καινεα πρότερον γεγονεναι γυναίκα, είτα ϋοσεώώνος αυτί] πλησιάσαντος μεταβληθηναι εΙς av8pa. τοντο 
γαρ τιτησε και ατρωσίαν, ήρισε δε κα\ Απόλλωνι και ενικηθη. ούτος εκελευε τους παριόντας όμννναι εις 
το 8όρυ αντον' ένθεν η παροιμία το Καινεως 8όρν. τίνες 8ε φασι Καινεα σνμπλενσαι τοΊς ' Αργοναύταις , 
ου Κόρωναν, ό 8ε Απολλώνιος παρά Πινδάρον ε'ιληφε λέγοντος, ό 8ε χλωρΐ/ς ελάτ^σι τνπε)ς ωχετο 
Καινενς σχίσας ορθω πο8\ γάν ( = Pind. Fr. 167 Schroeder). τοντο 8ε αυτω συνέβη 8ιά το μήτε 
θΰειν μήτε εϋχεσθαι τοις θεο'ις, αλλά τω εαυτού δόρατι. διό Zeus εφορμά αυτώ tous Kei/Taupous, 
oiTik'es κατά γήΐ' αυτό»' ώθουσιμ, Agatharchides' description {De mari Eryth. 7) is ετι Καινεα τάν 
Ααπίθην το μεν απ' άρχης γενέσθαι παρθενον και γνναΐκα, ηβήσαντα 8ε εις άνδρα μεταστηναι, το 8' 
νστατον εΙς την γην νπο των Κενταύρων καταδΰναι ταΊς έλάταις τνπτόμενον, ορθό»' τε καΐ ζώντα. The 

connexion between some of these passages and the Acusilaus extract is very close, especially 
in the earlier part of Schol. A on A 264 (followed by Eustathius), and the later part of 
Schol. Apoll. Rhod. i. 59, where Acusilaus is either slightly paraphrased or reproduced. 
Evidently Acusilaus was the chief authority for the Caeneus legend, though e. g. the details 
about the request to be made into a man, which are absent in Acusilaus and are elaborated 
in Schol. Luc. Gall. 19 somewhat diflferently, are probably derived from another mytho- 
logist. 



1611. WORK ON LITERARY CRITICISM 143 

59. lepov: a diaeresis above ι maybe lost. Acusilaus' remark seems very naive in 
the light of the number of legends about children of the gods by mortals ; and it is not 
surprising that in 11. 85-100, the union of gods and mortals is further discussed by our 
author with a parallel from Euripides. 

TeKcV : most of the fourth letter has disappeared in a lacuna ; but after κ is part of 
a stroke which suits the beginning of e, and the end of a horizontal stroke joining the 
middle of ν survives, which excludes τΐκην, the ordinary Ionic form, found e. g. in Hdt. 
vi. 131, but of course with a circumflex accent, re/cee»' is an altogether impossible reading, 
though' parallels for such a form are not wanting in Hdt.; cf. Smyth, Ionic Dialect, § 602. 
TiKiiv is just possible as a reading, but much less probable than τ^κίν, because (i) the lacuna 
is not large enough for ee with cross-bars as long as that in the e after τ, (2) the accent, with 
the reading ee, would really be on the second e, not the first, where it ought to have been 
placed, (3) though the Ionic second aorist infinitive in ύν is ultimately derived from -e'ei/ 
(cf. Smyth, /. c), that form of the infinitive is not found in either Hdt. or Ionic inscriptions, 
any more than in the MSS. of Homer, so that Acusilaus, though a writer of considerable 
antiquity, is not at all likely to have used the form τΐκί^ν, nor would the corrector of the 
papyrus 'have been likely to ascribe it to him by error, τΐκίν is a Doric form, parallel to 
f'leXeV, ayayiv, &c. (cf. Kiihner-Blass, Gramm. i. 2, p. 58), and, the present extract being the 
sole authority for Acusilaus' dialect, does not require to be altered to ηκύν, especially smce 
Dorisms tend to occur in Ionic, and the corrector has put the right accent on the form, not 

merely omitted t. . r 1 r • r 

eKdvov : i. e. Poseidon, as is clear from e| aWov ovhevos, m spite of the contusion ot 

genders in 1. 61. Cf. also Plut. Thes. 20 reKeiv fn θησίως "ΑριάΒνην Οίνοπίωνα. 
6 1, αντον : 1. αντην. 

63. [μίΜσ]'•['7]'' : cf• yevvaioraTos των καθ' αυτόν in Schol. A quoted in 1. 56, η. 

66. κίντοιη : or k€vtoi η. Herodotus avoids optatives in -47 and does not contract -eot 
after a consonant, so that Acusilaus' usage was in any case not parallel to his. φοροίη 
occurs in Homer ι 320, ττλοντοίη in Tyrtaeus, σνμμαρτνροίη in Solon, 8οκοίη in Heraclitus, 
Avhile Hippocrates prefers -οιη to -eoi. On the other hand Theognis has φιλοΐ, and ' even in 
prose there is ample support for 01 after consonants as well as after vowels ' (Smyth, op. ciU 
p. 531 ; cf. § 651). 

67-8. μάλιστα χρημάτων: the Icxicons do not afford any parallels for this expression. 

73-4. For the suggested restoration of these lines cf. the scholiasts quoted in 1. 56, n. 

75. The letter following η€ can be v. σι δ ου και e . [ is inadmissible, €t being the only 
alternative to η. No word meaning 'worshipped' seems suitable, and θ€οι]σι δ κτλ. is 
apparently to be connected with what follows rather than Λvith the preceding sentence, so 
that a word meaning ' pleasing ' would be appropriate {ψν [η^ν ?). , • ι 

8ο. opuov is evidently a mistake for ορθιον, as remarked by Allen ; cf. 6ρθω ποδ/ in the 
Pindar fragment and 6ρθ6ν in Agatharchides, both quoted in 1. 56, n. The Ionic form of 
opetov would be ovpuov, and that word is quite inappropriate here. 

84. Ti is for TO. 

85-6. A predicate for bwarai would be expected in place of δια τούτου, e.g. τούτο 

or ίσον. , 

87-93. Of Euripides' Άλκμίων ό δίά Κορίνθου Only three fragments are known with 
certainty (Frs. 74, 75, 77 Nauck), but the argument of it is described by Apollodorus iii. 7. 7, 
who calls the children in question (Amphilochus and Tisiphone) τταΐδα? δύο, not twins as in 
1. 92. Their mother (the παρθένος of 1. 93) was Manto, daughter of Tiresias, and the eeos 

of 1. 89 is evidently Apollo ; cf. ApoUod. iii. 7. 4 πίμπουσιν Άπόλλωη κα\ τψ Ύ(ΐρ(σίου θυγατέρα 

Μαντώ, and Σρ. 6. 3, where in a different legend Mopsus is called the son of Apollo and 
Manto. 



144 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

97. The verb in the apodosis may well have been ^ηΚοΰται, as Rostowzew suggests. 
loi-ii. The restoration of 11. 102-3 Πολέμων . . . ακροπο\\(ωί is due to Stuart Jones ; 
cf. int. and Marcellinus, V^ia Thuc. §§ 16—17 "''"' γάρ'Όλορο? έστιν ή στήλη 8ηλοΐ ή eVl τοΐι τάφου 

αυτόν Κΐΐμίνη, 'ίνθα κεχάρακται' θονκν8ίδηί Όλόρου Άλψονσιοί (in § 55 t^e inscription is quoted 
on the authority of Antyllus). πρ6ε yap rot? MeXtrtVt ττυλαυ KaXovpevais (στιν iv Κοίλτ} τα καλονμΐνα 
Κιμώνια μνήματα, ένθα δείκννται Ήρο8ότον κα\ θουκυΒίΒον τάφοί. (ΰρίσκεται (8.η .Λ δηλον οτι τον 
Μίλτίάδου ytvovs ων' ξίνο! yap ov8f\s ΐκΐϊ θάτττίται. κα\ Τ1ο\ίμων δε ev τω Hep), άκροττόλΐωί τούτοΐί 
μαρτυρεί., ένθα κα\ Ύιμόθεον νΐον αύτω ytyevrjaeai ττροσιστορεΊ, and § 28 eyevovTO θουκυδίδαι ττολλοι', 
ουτός τ€ 6 Όλόρου παίί κα\ δεύτερος δημαγωγός, Μελησίου, os κα\ ΤΙερικΚεΐ διεπολιτενσατο' τρίτος δε 
γένει Φαρσάλιος, οϊι μεμνηται ΤΙοΧεμων εν τοΙς ΊΙερ\ ακροπόλεως, φάσκων αυτόν είναι πατρός Μενωνος. 

There were four books of the Ιίερϊ άκροπ. according to Strabo ix. p. 396. The letter 
following δη in I. 102 is very uncertain, only a spot of ink at fhe bottom of the line being 
preserved, which indicates an angular letter (a or λ) or else one beginning with a vertical 
stroke (e. g. μ, ν, or π) rather than a round letter such as σ. αναγραφ\_ in 1. 105 (λ//• is the only 
alternative for φ) suggests an inscription about Thucydides son of Melesias and father of 
Stephanus, parallel to that apparently mentioned by Polemon in the same work with 
reference to the historian; and in fact Athen. vi. 234 d states that Polemon γρά<^ας πφ 

παρασίτων φησ\ν ούτως' . . . εν Υ^νοσάργει μεν οϋν εν τω Ήρακλείω στήλη τι? εστίν, εν f/ ψήφισμα μεν 
Άλκιβιάδου, γραμματεύς δε Στέφανος θουκυδίδον . . . This Stele may Well be identified with Of 

connected with the αναγραφή here, especially since the paternity of Stephanus seems to the 
point with which our author is most concerned (cf. 11. 1 1 2 sqq.) ; but the Athenaeus quotation 
is generally assigned to Polemon's Τΐερ\ ονομάτων άδοξων επιστολή (Athen. ix. 409 d), and 
Polemon was there clearly concerned with the meaning of παράσιτος, not with Thucydides, 
so that in any case our author's reference to Polemon ΠερΙ ακροπόλεως was not to the 
passage quoted by Athenaeus. For Κο[αλεμου in I. 107 (suggested by Allen) cf Plut. 

Cwwn 4 Κίμων δε . . . καϊ τω πάππω Κίμωνι προσεοικως την φύσιν, ον δι ενήθειάν φασι Κοάλεμον 
προσαγορενθήναι, and Aeschines Socraticus quoted by Athen. v. 2 2θ\3Ίππόνικον μεν τον Καλλίου 

Κοάλεμον προσαγορενει. The ο IS nearly certain, but it is necessary to suppose the omission of 
κάλου owing to homoioteleuton. Upon the restoration of the end of 1. 108 depends the 
sense of the whole passage. Starting from the fact that Polemon according to Marcellinus 
mentioned both Thucydides the historian and Thuc. the Pharsalian (a proxenus of the 
Athenians in 411 b. c. ; cf. Thuc. viii. 92) in the ΏερΙ άκροπ., vfe think that φασι in 1. no 
includes Polemon (1. 102), and therefore in 11. 10 1-2 the name of another author is to be 
supplied, to which δ?; . [ in 1. 102 may belong, [οντοι in I. 108 referring to both names. For 
τρι]τον in 1. no cf MarceUinus § 28 quoted above. The general sense of 11. loi-ii seems 
to be that Polemon llfpl άκροπ. and another author referred to not one Thucydides only 
{ενα or ενικως may have followed ουχ in 1. loi) on the evidence of an inscription (.? δί'], or εξ], 
άναγραφ[ών in 11. 104-5), but to three in all. A mention of Thucydides by name is expected 
before 1. io6, and ©oyKueiJlSiji/ can well be restored in 11. 101-2 (in which case there is room 
for only a very short name after it before και, and τον in 1. 106 is probably uv]\tov), or 
θουκυΒιδην] | τον can be read in 11. 105-6 ; but a restoration of the whole passage is scarcely 
possible. The hypothesis that ονχ qualifies the whole sentence and the point is that Polemon 
did not mention (δ»7λ[οί could be read in 1. 102) the son of Melesias, but only the other two 
persons called Thucydides, is unsatisfactory, for though Marcellinus does not refer to 
Polemon in connexion with the son of Melesias, Polemon of course knew about the 
politician, and αναγραφ[ does not at all suggest that ουχ is to be connected with a verb 
meaning 'mentioned'. A different sense would be obtained by restoring [άλλοι in 1. 108 as 
the subject of φασι, contrasted with Πολέμων in 1. 102, who would then stand by himself. 
To get rid of the supposed author coupled with Polemon is an advantage, but with Tpi]rov in 
1. no the passage would then produce a marked conflict with Marcellinus' statements that 



1611. WORK ON LITERARY CRITICISM 145 

Polemon referred to the historian and the Pharsalian in the mp\ άκροπ. This difficulty could 
be somewhat lessened by restoring του^Γοι- instead of rpijiroi/ in 1. no, and supposino• the 
general sense to be that Polemon identified a certain Thucydides with the son of Melesias 
while others maintained that he was the Pharsalian. But the reference to the son of Olorus 
then becomes rather pointless, especially in view of the circumstance that Polemon is known 
from Marcellinus to have produced evidence for the ancestry of the historian. 

1 13-19 Cf. 3Ie7W 94 c (νθυμηθητι 5tl Θουκυδίδης κτλ. One MS. (F) has <5 θουκ., which is 
possible here, and before τούτους in I. ii8 the MSS. insert καί. A similar passage occurs in the 
Pseudo-Platonic Uepl άρ^της 378 a, where it is stated with regard to Melesias and Stephanus 

t6v y' erepov μέχρι -γηρως βιοΰντα, τον δ' hepov πόρρω πάνυ. IMelesiaS is a character in the 

Laches, but nothing more is known about Stephanus, except the inscription discussed in 
the preceding n. For the obelus against 1. 116 cf. 1. 56, n. 

119-20. Έρμητ[ποί ο ποι]ητψ ; the title is added to distinguish him from the philosopher, 
6 ΚαΧΚιμάχειος. The poet was older than Eupolis and Aristophanes according to Suidas! 
The titles of nine of his comedies are known, but not the lapetus. 

121. ΐωι/ο[ϊ θμφ]αλη : the Omphale was a satyric drama, of which sixteen fragments are 
known. Another quotation from it perhaps occurred in 11. 277 sqq. 

123. (υφ) Hpa/cAfoi/s should perhaps be read, Heracles being then the speaker of the two 
lines; cf. 1. 89 \ΐyoμεvov υπο θίου. As the text stands, the subject of φλαυ[νο]μΐν may be 
the satyrs, not Heracles.^ With βορ^ος [ιπ]πος (so Allen) cf. Homer Υ 221 sqq. roO τρισχίλιαι 

ίπποι . . . τάων και Βορΐης ηράσσατο βοσκομενάων. Perhaps Bopeios should be written. 

124-5. ορών . . . ΠελοτΓΟί: cf. Fr. 24 (NaUck) of the Omphale κα\ Σαρδιανον κόσμον ίΐδεναι 

xpoos apeivov fj τ6ν Πέλοπος ev νήσω τρόπον. The scene of the Omphale was laid in Lydia 
(cf. Frs. 22, 23, 27). Possibly Heracles had been sent by Omphale to fetch one of the 
horses sprung from Boreas which belonged to Pelops ; cf. the legend of the capture of 
the horses of Diomedes, which Heracles gave to Eurystheus (Apoilod. ii. 5. 8). But the 
plot of the Omphale is very obscure. 

127. αίι /erai, which would mean ' is winnowed ', is obviously an error for άν^ται : cf. e.g. 

Homer Κ 251 μαλά yap νίιξ ανΐται. 

128. [διαλ]6λυκ6 δ : οη the analogy of the preceding lines two letters before λ\λυκε would 
be preferable, but probably the column sloped away a little to the left, though ο in 1. 129 
can be omitted, [και λ]ίλυκΐ δ is also possible, the simple verb as well as διαλιίειν beino- used 
for solving difficulties. Cf. for κα\ . . . δι 11. 174-5, η. 

128-9. Μι/α[σ6αί• ο.?] Παταρ[^υΓ : cf. int. and Susemihl i. 679. 1611 agrees with the 
^i i'rc?" ^^^^°^' ^^"^^^' ^^^ Lucian in giving Patara (in Lycia) as his birthplace, while 
the MSS. of Athenaeus and Photius call him ό Πατρ^ύς, i. e. from Patrae in Achaea, but in 
the light of 1611 are to be emended to 6 Παταρ^ύς. With regard to the title of his work on 
oracles Schol. Pindar, 01. ii. 70 calls it Ώψ\ χρησμών, while Schol. Hesiod, Theog. 117 calls 
It 17 των Αίλφικών χρησμών συvaγωyή. 1611 Seems to agree with the former, but τη[ι j των 
χ]ρησμω[ν σvvayωyηι is a possible reading. 

135-43• The coronis after 1, 138 probably indicates a following quotation (cf. 1. 115 
and int. p. 129), to which θαρσ^ι in 1. 141 may well belong. Allen suggests ηενθί[σιλεια 
.... in 1. 139 and θαρσει τΐ[ΐνθ(σιλ(ΐα in 1. 141, i.e. a quotation from the Aeihiopis of 
Arctmus, which is perhaps cited in 11. 145-50 ; cf 11. 148-9, n. But oi (probably ί>ή ψ[ in 
1. 142 does not suit this hypothesis, and the colour of Frs. 3 and 4 is different, so that 
a connexion between them is unlikely. Lines 136-8 might also be hexameters, as Allen 

remarks, e. g. ov πατ[ίρα κληισασ{αΥ ο δί θα[. . . 

146. eyyoi/loy: this Spelling οίβκγονος occurs in Attic inscriptions down to 300 b.c. and 
in Ptolemaic inscriptions and papyri (cf JMayser, Gramm. d.griech. Pap. p. 228); but is 
not legitimate in hexameters. 

L 



146 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

148-9. Ap |/cTi ?]ΐΌί : [Αχ PjOio? can equally well be read, or possibly [. .jXtoj, Achaeus 

wrote tragedies entitled "Αδραστοί, Ά^άυεί, Άθλα, Άλφΐσίβοια, θησΐύί, KvKvos, MoTpat, Μώμος, 

Olbinovs, UeipiOovs, Φιλοκτήτης, and Φρίξος, one of which may have described the death of the 
woman in question ; but if the author mentioned in 1. 149 also wrote the hexameter verse 
quoted in 1. 146 (which is probable, but not clear), he is not likely to have been Achaeus. With 
Ap\KTi]vos (Allen) the quotation would come from the Aethiopis, the woman being Penthesilea 
and the speaker presumably Achilles ; cf. 11. 135-43, n. ΐκτιθΐτ\αι may, however, end 1. 148, 

150-2. It is not possible to restore Ί-ιμωνι^ψ . . . τ[ω] e \τ:α\ιο{νων, 

154. Not more than one line, if any, is lost before the top of the column, twenty-four 
lines being accounted for, if Fr. 43, which is referred to the middles of 11. 160-2 a, is rightly 
placed, as is practically certain. That Fr. 5 belongs to the upper part of the column of which 
Fr. 6. i is the bottom is indicated by the colour of the verso besides the suitability of the 
resulting restoration. 

158-9. ί(α]jι9o[πep φησιν Έ.ρατοσβΐ\νψ (Allen) can be restored; cf. 11. 162-5, n. and int. 

160. φ[ρυ]ΐ'[ίχο£ : cf. 1. 1 7 1 . «" j TOiy φ[ρυ]ΐ'[ί;^ου ωδαυ | αφ;;γο[υ]|ΐί€ΐ/[οι; is Unlikely On acCOUnt 

of the verb in 1. 165 {napc^oui ?). 

161. Perhaps a0jj-yo[u]/x6i[oi όντως. 

162—5. Cf. Ar. Clouds 967 η 'Παλλάδα π(ρσΐπο\ιν 8eivap' η ' τηλίπορόν τι βόαμα', where 
Schol. RV have άρχη άσματος Φρυνίχου, ω: Έρατοσθβνης φησίν (φη, ως Έρ. Φρυν. V), Φρύνιχος 
(δε V, om. R) αυτοΰ τούτου τον άσματος μνημονΐν(ΐ ως Ααμπ ροκΚίους οντος Παλλάδα πΐρσίπτοΧιν 
κληιζω πολΐμαδόκον ayvav τταΐδα ΔιΟΓ μΐ'^αΚου, and Schol. Aid. has . . . Ααμπ ροκΚίους ΐΐναί φασιν 
Αθήναιον, τον ΜίδωΐΌ? νΐον. 'έχει be όντως' Παλλάδα πίρσΐπολιν κτλ., aS in Schol. RV, but adding 
δαμάσιπτΓον after μ€γάλον. Άλλως, οίιτως Ερατοσθένης' Φρύνιχος αντοΰ τούτου τον άσματος μ€μνηται ως 
Ααμπροκλίονς οντος τοΐι Μίδωι/υί υιοΰ η μαθητού' ΐχ^ι δε όντως' Παλλάδα π^ρσίπολιν Ββινην θ(ον 
iypfKvboipov ποτικληιζω πολΐμαδόκον ayvav τταΐδα Δώς μ(yάλov δαμάσιπττον, κα\ κατά Ααμπροκλεα 

νποτίθησι κατά λίξιν. Schol. Aristid. 21 7 Dindorf (in reference to the Aristophanes line) has 

είδοί TovTO άσματος και άρχη' τον δε ποιητην αυτόν 'Ρονφος κα\ Διονύσιος (time of Hadrian) Ίστορονσιν 
iv τηι Μονσικηι (sc. Ίστορίαι) Φρννιχόν τίνα, αΚλοι δε' φασι Ααμπροκλία η Στησίχορον. το δε ' Seivijv ' 
άντϊ τόν κλησω κείται παρά τώι κωμικώι' το yap άσμα όντως €χ£ΐ ' Παλλάδα πιρσεπολιν κλησω πολε- 
μαδόκον ayvav παΊδα Διός μεγάλου δαμάσιππον (^δαμνηπλον OV δαμνηττωλον MSS.) αιστον (corrupt) 

τταρθίνον. These passages are discussed by Wilamowitz, Texigesch. d. griech. Lyr. 84-5. 
There were evidently at least two versions of the hymn. 1611 agrees with the version in 
the first note in Schol. Aid., which is really the same as that of Schol. RV and Schol. 
Aristid., the former scholium merely omitting δαμάσιππον and the latter having κλησω for 
κληιζω and adding two words at the end. This, the shorter of the two versions, was that 
of Phrynichus, as is clear from 1611, and was rightly stated by Schol. RV and Schol. 
Aristid., whereas the first note in Schol. Aid. wrongly assigned it to Lamprocles. The 
longer version, i. e. that of Lamprocles, with which Aristophanes' citation, so far as it goes, 
agrees, was given in the second note in Schol. Aid., where the authorship is not clearly 
indicated. None of the schol!k makes it clear which Phrynichus is meant. The lyric and 
tragic poet was formerly supposed to be indicated, but now the Phrynichus in question 
whether understood or not by the scholiasts (cf. Wilamowitz, /. c), is generally considered to 
be the comic poet. 1611 also makes no clear sign on this point, but the way in which 
Phrynichus and Aristophanes are coupled {παραποιΰ is apparently used with regard to both ; 
cf the next n.) favours the identification with the comic poet. The brief statements in 
Schol. RV may be derived from our author's fuller discussion, if he was reproducing Erato- 
sthenes or, as is possible but not likely (cf int.), was Eratosthenes himself. The other 
scholia do not seem to be specially connected with 1611. 

165. παρα[π•οίει: cf. 1. 1 75 παραη]οΐΐΐ. The word can mean either 'imitate' or 
' introduce '. 



1611. WORK ON LITERARY CRITICISM 147 

168. Χαμαιλίωι/: cf. p. 1 29. His work nepi κωμωΒία: is cited by Athen. ix. 374 a. 

171. The omission of the superfluous t is indicated by both a dot above it (cf. e. g. 1624) 
and a stroke through it. 

172-3, μα[βη(τη) | Μιδωνοί ?] : μα may be at the end of the line, but μα\[θητηι] does not 
fill the lacuna and is unintelligible. The suggested restoration is very doubiful, but brings 
the passage into connexion with Schol. Aid. on Ar. Clouds 967 (quoted in II. 162-5, "•) 
ΜίδωΐΌϊ νΙοΰ η μαθητον, and there is no objection lo μη[θη\, if the last two letters were written 
small, as often happens at the end of a line. Schol. Plat. A/czd. i. 387 makes Lamprocles 
the pupil of Agathocles and teacher of Damon. μο[ can hardly be an adjective of place, 
for Lamprocles was an Athenian. 

174-5. For και . . . 8e cf. 11. 128, n., 150-1, 228-9. 

183. λα,ό[: ΟΓλα^. 

195. πνρ : cf. 1. 306. But Fr. 7 does not belong to the same column as Frs. 21-2. 
202. ■γνη\ is perhaps γνη[σιος in some form. ■γιγνη\[ται, cannot be read, p or ν being the 
only alternatives for τ. 

212-14. Έλλανι\οί δ (V [rats Έθνων?] uTiaeai: the restoration is due to Allen. The 

AVOrks variously entitled Ilepi ίθνων, Εθνών όιομασίαι, Κτίσΐΐς, KriVeif (θνών κα\ πόλΐων (Hellan. 

Fr. 109 from Steph. Byz. ; 1611 seems to have had ϊθνών or πόλιων alone), and perhaps ilfpi Χίου 
κήσΐωτ, are all considered to be identical by Gudeman in Pauly-Wissowa, Rea/enc. viii. 136-7. 

216. κ for κ{ηί) occurs as early as the end of the first century in the ^Αθηναίων Πολιτύα 
papyrus. 

218-28. Cf. int. p. 129. 

222-3. fif^'^n" α[ποκομισα\μ}](νοι 8e : the vestige of the letter following καν is too slight 
to be a real clue, but suggests α or λ more than a letter beginning w^ith a vertical stroke, 
or round. μ(θ{ΐ)ικαν = μιθηκαν is much more likely than μΐβ ικαν . [ (i. e. some part of Ικανός), 
for there is hardly room for a substantive in 1. 222 as well as the beginning of a participle. 
In Dittenberger, Or. Gr. Inscr. 55. 6, άφ€Ϊκ(ν is apparently a mere variation of spelling for 
άψηκίν, Avhich occurs in 1. 13, not a perfect, as regarded by Mayser, op. cit. p. 331. 

223. The correction is by the first hand ; cf. p. 130. The reading of the letter after τον 
is very doubiful, but α or λ suits better than any other letter. 

224. π[αροι/ : cf. 1. 226. But J7, «■, μ, 1/ or γ . [ or t . [ can be read in place of π. 

228-9. ^f• ^'• ΐ74~δ> ^• 

231. If the paragraphus is rightly placed (cf. however 11. 90-1, where it is not), αρίστα\_ 
is not to be connected with 11. 232 sqq., so that λριστα\ρχοί is not very likely. Αριστο φανης 
cannot be read. 

245. ίσχατοι[ : the sccond letter might be γ or i, the third a or λ, the last v. 

247. ο δε Ασσ7;[.• no personal name beginning thus is known, but there might be 
a reference to the places "Ασσηρα or 'Ασστ^σο'ί or adjectives derived from them, ^seither 
Ασσίί [ nor Ασσιο[ς is admissible ; Ασσιν[αρο5 (a river in Sicily so spelled in Thuc. vii. 84) 
is possible, but seems too long, even with ejt στρατίνοι in 1. 248, while Ασσιν\αρο\ν [σίτρα- 
Ttvoi, which is possible as a reading, gives no construction. The division us στ\_ (or σιι[) 
does not suggest any suitable word. 

268. Perhaps Ί,ιμ\(ύνώον. 

270. ]ΐ'υαδο[: the third letter could be read as λ. The division πα^νυ αδ([ is more 
probable than ]y vabi[. 

278. Possibly Ομφα]λην ι cf. 1. 121, η. 

28ο. [θ6οδεκ]τ[ί?]ί : the tip of a vertical stroke below the line suits r, and is inconsistent 
Avith the terminations of Καρκίνος, Ένριπί8ης, or Ύιμησίβΐος, who are the only other tragic poets 
known to have written an Ores/es. Of Theodectes' play with that title only one line 
is extant. 

L 2 



148 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

281. e above the line is cursively written ; cf. p. 130. 

283. ]ίδ[.]/χοί δ[. : να is possible in place of ώ, and α or λ instead of δ after ^los. 
Δ]ιδ[υ]μοί h[f can be restored, but this line may belong to the quotation from the Orestes ; 
cf. int. p. 129. 

301. Λυσιπ[ποϊ : of. 1. 34. 

303. yrp[•. Frs. 21 and 22 join here, the tail of the ρ being on Fr. 22. 
306. πνρ : cf. 1. 195, n. 
327-31. Cf. 11. 23-7, n. 

339. After τη is an erasure with perhaps one or two letters above it. 
341. λφ[ is more likely to be connected with Xelpiov than with Xipos. It does not seem 
possible to read aip[. 

359. ]ιααφυ[ : poSSibly Ερ]μαφρ[οδίτ. 

369-70. Allen suggests βασιλ]ΐωί φ[ίλοπατορος] (or φ[ι\α8€λφον) Πτολ(μ[αιον : but if SO 

the order of the words is unusual. 

392-5. Fr. 43 has been assigned to 11. 160-2 a. 

442. There is no other instance in 1611 of a stop in the middle position, and it is 
very doubtful whether Fr. 64 belongs to this papyrus. 



1612. Oration on the Cult of Caesar. 

28-2 X 12 cm. Third century. 

This papyrus, which was found with 1606-8, &c., and concludes the 
publication of the first of the three large finds of literary papyri in 1905-6 
(cf. 1606. int.), belongs to a speech of a novel character, the subject of it being 
the cult of a Roman Emperor, who is called simply 'Caesar'. One column 
of forty lines is fairly well preserved, and there are beginnings of lines of a second 
column, besides a small detached scrap, which does not seem to belong to Col. i. 
The handwriting is a not very elegant specimen of the sloping oval third-century 
type. The beginnings of the lines, which contain 15-20 letters, slope away 
to the left in a marked degree, and the ends are decidedly uneven. Paragraph! 
and frequent high stops occur, t adscript is written in 1. 27, but in 1. 11 its 
insertion is doubtful. A correction in 1. 12 is in a dififerent hand, which used 
lighter ink, but seems to be not appreciably later than the first. In 11, 22-5 
apparent corruptions have not been altered. 

The main purport of the oration, so far as it can be ascertained, was the 
opposition of the speaker to the cult of Caesar as practised in his own city 
(1. 26 Ivdabe), or rather to certain extensions of it or novelties (cf 1. i, n.) 
proposed by his adversaries. To Caesar-worship in general he does not seem 
to have been opposed, for in 11. 22 sqq. he expressly deprecates ασίβ^ια towards 
Caesar, and disclaims any wish to deprive him of the ' glory of immortality '. In 
addressing his audience he habitually used the second person plural (11. 30 sqq.), 



1612. ORATION ON THE CULT OF CAESAR 149 

while his opponents are also spoken of in the plural (1. 11 φασι) ; but in 1. 10 
[β]ονΚοιτο a single adversary seems to be indicated, and in 1. i the second person 
singular is apparently used, with reference to an opponent more probably than 
to himself in an objection placed in the mouth of an adversary. The first six 
lines are too incomplete to be restored : a new sentence began in 1. 7, as is shown 
by the paragraphus. The speaker refers to the rites performed in honour of 
Caesar, and strongly asserts his satisfaction that these were not invented by his 
fellow countrymen (im^ls), but at Nicaea by an individual whom he declines 
to describe (11. 9-17). His argument is that this cult ought to be left to the 
Nicaeans.. and that the observance of it at his own city would be as impious to 
Caesar as the celebration of the Eleusinian mysteries at any other city than 
Athens would be to Demeter (11. 17-29 ; this interpretation rests on two rather 
violent alterations in the text, which are, we think, absolutely necessitated 
by the context; cf 1. 22, n.). Evidently conscious that he was treading on 
dangerous ground, the orator then declares his intention of proving that his 
own views were not really derogatory to the immortality of Caesar (11. 30-5) ; 
but the text becomes fragmentary at this point, a contrast being apparently 
drawn in 11. 35-40 between the previous and the existing cults at the city 
in question. From Col. ii nothing of importance can be gleaned. 

The boldness of the speaker in dealing with so delicate a topic as Caesar- 
worship is striking, and one would gladly have learnt more of his views on this 
interesting subject. As the fragment stands, it is difficult, perhaps impossible, 
to reconstruct the background of the situation with any approach to certainty. 
The first questions to arise are (i) what place was meant by hOah^ in 1. 26, and 
(2) which, if any particular emperor was meant by 'Caesar'? The reference 
to Nicaea as the starting-place of the cult to which the speaker objected suggests 
a connexion with the well-known description of the origin of Caesar-worship in 
Dio Cassius 11. 20 Καίσαρ h\ kv τούτω (sc. 29 B. C.) τά re άλλα (χρημάτιζα καΐ τ^μίνη 
ry τζ 'Ρώμτι καΙ τω ττατρί τω Καίσαρι ήρωα αυτόν Ίονλων ονόμασαν ίν re Έφεσω και h 
Νικαία γενέσθαι ζφηκζν. αύται γαρ τότ€ αί ττολβι? iv re tij 'Ασία και h Trj Βιθυνία 
7τροζΤ€τίμηντο. και τούτου? μβν rois 'Ρωμαίου τοϊί τταρ' avTols Ιτοικουσι τψαν ττροσέταξξ' 
Tois δ€ δτ] iivoLS (Έλληναί σφαί βπικαλί'σα?) €αντω τίνα, tols μ\ν Άσιαι/οι? h Πβρνάμω, 
Τ0Ϊ9 δ6 Bievvols h Νικομήδεια τψξνίσαι €ττύτρ€ψ€. καΐ τοντ Ικάθ^ν αρξάμ^νον και ew 
άλλων αυτοκρατόρων ου μόνον iv tol9 Έλληζ^ικοι? €θν€σιν, άλλα και h rois άλλοι? οσα 
των 'Ρωμαίων άκοι^ει ^γέν^το. Dio's statement that the temples at Pergamum and 
Nicomedia were dedicated to Augustus alone requires modification, since it 
conflicts with the statements of Tacitus, Ann. iv. 37, that the temple at Pergamum 
was dedicated to Augustus and Rome, and of Suetonius, A?i£^. 52, that Rome was 
regularly associated with Augustus in the provincial cults; cf. Kornemann, 



I50 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

Klio, i. 98. The correspondence between the papyrus and Dio would be made 
most exact by supposing the speaker in 1612 to be a Roman (which is in any 
case probable), and ' Caesar' to be Julius throughout, kvdahe, with which Nicaea 
is so vehemently contrasted, might well be Nicomedia ; for the two cities were 
long engaged in feud on the question of the headship of Bithynia, and the 
dispute was sufficiently important to be the subject of an oration by Dio Chrysostom 
(no. 38), recommending his compatriots of Nicomedia to come to terms with 
Nicaea. The hypothesis that the speaker in 1612 was a Nicomedian would 
also accord very well with the reference in 11. 24-8 to Demeter ; for that goddess 
appears on the coins of Nicomedia (Wroth, Caial. of Greek coins of PoJttus, &c., 
pp. 181, 183, 186), and Arrian, the most famous citizen of Nicomedia (cf. Steph. 
Byz. s. v.), was perpetual priest of Demeter and Core there (Schwartz in Pauly- 
Wissowa, Realenc. ii. 1230). With this interpretation of 1612, which is based 
upon the identification of 'Caesar' with Julius and the existence of a close 
connexion with Dio, the oration was presumably delivered during the reign of 
Augustus, Avhen Caesar-worship of any kind was still a novelty. But there 
are several other possible modes of interpretation. The references to * Caesar ' 
in 1612 do not necessarily indicate that he was dead at the time when the 
oration was delivered (though cf. 1. 31. n.), and if he was alive, ' Caesar' must be 
Augustus or one of his successors, not Julius. The date of the papyrus practically 
excludes the possibility of a later emperor than Severus Alexander being meant 
(Diocletian, who made his residence at Nicomedia, is quite out of the question) ; 
but, especially in view of the rather compromising character of the contents of 
1612, it would be more satisfactory to diminish the interval between the supposed 
date of composition and that of the papyrus, which if 'Caesar' is Julius or 
Augustus seems to be about 200 years. Caracalla and Heliogabalus both 
wintered at Nicomedia, and festivals in honour of Commodus and the brothers 
Caracalla and Geta are mentioned in the coins of Nicaea (Wroth, op. cit. pp. 162, 
166). It is also just possible that in 11. '^^-6 there is a reference to ' Caesars' in 
the plural, and that these are the reigning emperors. Not only is the hypothesis 
that the scene of the speech was Bithynia quite compatible with the identification 
of ' Caesar ' with a much later emperor than Augustus, but the provenance of the 
papyrus rather suggests Egypt as the scene, though 1612 is hardly parallel to 
e. g. 471, a speech before an emperor directed probably against a praefect 
of Egypt, which is also arranged in literary form, with punctuation, &c. Against, 
however, the advantages to be gained by making ' Caesar ' throughout a second 
or even third century emperor has to be set the consequent impossibility of 
connecting the reference to Nicaea with the passage quoted from Dio Cassius. 
If 'the Nicaean' was the author of the proposal mentioned by Dio, as the 



1612. ORATION ON THE CULT OF CAESAR 151 

coincidence with regard to the place-name suggests, Ka[tcr]apt in 1. 11 ought 
to be Julius, and there is no indication that in 11. 9, 24, and 32 a different 
Caesar is meant. Moreover the use of the present tense kariv in 1. 15 in 
place of ην, though explicable as a mere piece of rhetoric, rather indicates 
that the Nicaean in question was still alive, and if so he cannot have been 
a second or third century individual, unless the circumstances alluded to in 
11. 14-16 were quite different from those described by Dio. 

A third line of interpretation was proposed by Sir W. M. Ramsay, who, taking 
Caesar as ' the Emperor' in the widest sense, i.e. including the dead as well as 
the living, suggests that 1612 deals with the degradation of true Caesar-worship, 
as expressing Roman patriotism, by superstitious admixture, as e.g. the Nicaean 
cult of the βροτόττονί Xttttos illustrated by the coins of that city (cf. Drexler in 
Roscher's Lex. d. griech. 11. rom. Mythol. ii. 2693-6), and regards the papyrus as 
a speech made in opposition to some such proposed degradation in the second or 
early third century. The horse with human feet figured in Nicaean coins of 
Antoninus Pius and Gordian is generally supposed to be connected with the 
horse possessing humaiiis similes pedes in the equestrian statue of Julius Caesar 
before the temple of Venus Genetrix at Rome (Pliny, Nat. Hist. viii. 155 ; cf. 
Suetonius, y>//wi• 61) ; but whether the rider represented on the coins, who seems 
to be the god Men, was also identified with Julius Caesar, is more doubtful, and 
there are no indications in 1612 that the superstitious element to which the speaker 
objected was concerned with a horse. 

On the whole we are disposed to regard ' Caesar ' throughout 1612 as Julius, 
not Augustus or a later emperor, whether dead or reigning ; but the mention of 
'the Nicaean ' seems more likely to refer to some unknown innovation connected 
with the worship of Julius, than to either the establishment of that worship at 
Nicaea as recorded by Dio or the cult of the βροτόττονί ΐττποί. In view of the 
date of. the papyrus the speech was probably composed and delivered (or supposed 
to be delivered) not earlier than the second century, and it is safer to make the 
scene of it Egypt (i.e. Alexandria) than Bithynia. The author may well have 
been a sophist of the age of Aristides or a little later, objecting to the introduc- 
tion of some new kind of Oriental cult into the worship of Julius ; but such 
a speech might also occur in a historical work in the style of Dio Cassius. 

Fr. I. Col. i. Col. ii. 

συ 8e vea τ[ [ 

ταύτα νιτ[ /*[ 

και tovtol[ ye[ 



152 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

και μ€ταπ[ °V • i 

5 av exe[i] av[ ov 45 έ«[ 

κ eva€§[ei ovSe ? J<ov[ 

όσων [." ...]■[ > ^t^ ? '^^''t 

Τα TO τ . [. . .] ποιητίον ^A 

ταύτα [Και]σαρα και σ^μνυ 0epe[ 

ΙΟ VHV αν [β]ου\οιτο' λβγω 5° ασοι[ 

8e α τω Κα[ισ]αρι φασι re e^fi • [ 

κα[ι] σθαί , [ 

Xeiv [[ο]1 γαρ e[i] αρχής ονχ ev --^^^ _ ^ 

po/zei' 77/i€iy αντα καλώ? j-^-j^^, _ j- 

ποιονντ€9' άλλα Νίκα ^^ ^^ ^^j- 

15 €i;y βστίΐ' ο πρώτο? κα ^ g^^^j- 

ταστησα?• οποίο? μ^ν αν ~^φ ^ ^ 

θρωπο? ον SeL Xeyeti/• e ^^^[• 

στω δ ουι^ βκανου και y^p ^r 

παρ €Κ€ίν[οι]? τ^λασθω όο χ[ 

2θ μονοί?' ωσπζρ πάρα τοί? χ^ 

Αθηναίοι? τα των EXeu ^^j- 

σανιων ei βονλομ€[θ]α j- 

auroj/ ασφ^ιν τό\ν] r 

Καίσαρα- ωσπβρ αν και τη[ν ^^ j• 

25 [Α]ημητραν σξβ[ο]υμ€ν [• 

[α]!/ €ί/^αδ€ τ€λουντ€? j- 

[ajuTiyt T7;j/ €Κ€ί[σ]€ reXe j• 

[τί/]ι/• 01/ yap e^eXei aj/ei oi/xa[t ? 

[i/a ?]i των TOLOVTCOV oySev ^^ ^^^ ^j• 

30 [oTi] 8 ovK αφαιρησβσθ[ζ τοντο[ 

[την] δοξαν τη? αθαν[α ρονντ[ 

[σια?] τον Καΐσαρο? ea[v € upev? [ 

[μοί ? π]ζΐσθητ€ παραδζ[ί στολη[ 

[γ μα ν]μίν epo) το νυν τ[. ^^ προσα[ 

35 [ ] 7"α y»/' ^^*' '^t• • •1^ ζ€ί ωσ[ 

[ ]ν €Τ€λ[ονμ€]γ μζταν[ 

Γ κ]αί τ[ουτω ?]ν ovOev 



Fr. 2. 

ii ι ?]€pea[ 

Μ 



1612. ORATION ON THE CULT OF CAESAR 153 

[ ]<< .[...] αρχαία e . σ[. .]€τ[ 

[ ]τιι/ [to\u9 θζονς μ^ν -iT^i 

40 [ ]να . ay 80 . ον . μ[ 

8—37• • • • "^οιητίον, ταντα [Καί]ταρα και σΐμννν^ιν αν [/3ΐοΰλοιτο, Xeyw δε α τω Κα[ισ]αρί φασι 
TeXelf. κα[ί1 γαρ «'[^Ι άρχήί ονχ ΐΖρομίν ημ€Ϊς αντά, καλώς ποιοΰντ(!, αλλά Νικαευί εστίν ό πρώτης 
καταστησας, όττοίοϊ /xeV άνθρωπος, ου Set λε'γίίΐ»* eorca δ' ουν €Κ(ίνου και nap ΐκΐίν\ο\ις τίΚ^ίσθω μόνοις, 
ώσπερ πάρα τοις Άθηναίοις τα των Ελευσίνιων, d (μ?)) βουλόμ€[θ α αυτόν άσ€β€Ίν τό[ι/^ Καίσαρα, ώσπίρ 
αν κα\ τη\ν ύί^ημητραν (α)σΐβ\ο\(^ι)μ(ν {[α\ν] ivBabe τ(λοΰντ(ς [α\ντϊι την ίκίι[σ]ΐ τ(λΐ[τη]ν• ου yap 
(θίλα avfl[va?\ των τοιούτων οϋδίν. [οτι] δ' οίικ άφαιρησ€σθ[€ την^ 8όξαν της άθαν[ασΊας^ τοΰ 

Καίσαρος ea\v eμo\ ? π]€ΐσθητ€, παράδί^ιγμα ΰΐαΐι/ ερώ το νυν τ[ ] τα yap των κ[. . Je[ ]υ 

€Τ(λ\οΰμ(}ν [ κΐαι τ\ούτω PJi» oibev . . . 

' . . . he would wish these (?) really to magnify Caesar, I am referring to the rites which 
they say that they perform to Caesar. It was not we who originally invented those rites, 
which is to our credit, but it was a Nicaean who was the first to institute them. The 
character of the man need not be described : in any case let the rites be his, and let them 
be performed among his people alone, as the Eleusinian rites are among the Athenians, 
unless we wish to commit sacrilege against Caesar himself, as we should commit sacrilege 
against Demeter also, if we performed to her here the ritual used there ; for she is un- 
willing to allow any rites of that sort (?). As a proof that you will not be depriving Caesar 
of the glory of immortality, if you listen to me, 1 will tell you . . .' 

I. συ 8e vea τ[ : the use of the second person singular creates a slight, but by no 
means insuperable difficulty; cf. int. συ might of course be e.g. ημι\\συ, and δ fv ίλπ[ι . . . 
could be read; but vea suits the context (cf. 1. 38 αρχαία), referring to the rites in 
question. 

3. τουτοι[ : the last letter can also be y, μ, ν, or π. 

4. μ€ταπ\^ '. ΟΓ ^era-y[. 

7-8. ]ν μ[ΐ\τα : the vestige of a letter following ν is too slight to aftord a real clue, and 
after it nothing may be lost. 

8. TO τ .[. . .]: τ and υ sometimes closely resemble each other in this hand, and τοντ[.. .] 
is just possible, but το τ folloΛved by η, ι, οτ υ is preferable. There may have been a high 
stop after ποιητεον, the surface of the papyrus being damaged at that point. In any case 
ταύτα seems to be the subject of σίμνυνειν, not the object of ποιητΐον, though the construction 
of 11. 7-10 is not clear. The sentence may have begun Avith ei. 

r' 10. av [β]ουλοιτο : the vestige of the supposed ν is very slight, and there would be room 
for another letter in the lacuna, for ν[β] occupies the same space as Καισ in 11. 9 and 11. 
δ is possible in place of a, but av seems necessary for the optative. 

I I . τω Κα[ισ]αρι : Or τωι Κ[αισ]αρι. Cf. [α]υτηι in 1. 2 7. 
14. NtKoeus : cf. int. 

16. άνθρωπος may receive either a rough or a smooth breathing. 

22. et βουλυμ([θ]α: the insertion of a negative is required both here and in 1. 25 to give 
sense to the argument. σφ[ο]υμΐν there is evidently a mistake for ασΐβοψΐν, and here either 
ft is to be altered to ου, or μη is to be inserted. 

26. a[v] : V is almost certain, ω or ai, which are the only other possibilities, being much 
less suitable. The repetition of av is not necessarily wrong, but probably there was 
a mistake of some kind, possibly the incorrect division σ(β[ο]υμΐν'[η'ν (sc. ασφοιμΐν). 

28-9- The subject of (θΐλ^ι is not clear, but is more likely to be Caesar or Demeter 



154 ^^^ OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

than the Nicaean. The next word is presumably an infinitive ending in [. a]t or \σθα\ι or 
perhaps [a}v or [ίψ. The last letter is more like t than v, and no alternative is possible, 
V before ei is almost certain, η being the only alternative. The first letter must be a, -y, δ, λ, 
μ, ν, π, οτ τ : a spot of ink between this and ν probably, if the first letter is a, belongs to 
that, not to a distinct letter, and is in any case inconsistent with a broad letter or one 
coming below the line. avei\ya\t,, ' to allow ', is difficult, but suits the vestiges better than 
α[ρν€ί\σθαι. In των certainly, and possibly in τοωυτων also, the ω is closed at the top, as 
ii the scribe intended to alter it to ο ; but he certainly did not write τον τοιούτον originally, 
and is more likely to have intended των τοιούτων, ovbev suits the vestiges better than ονθ^ν 
(cf. I. 37). The supposed stop after it is uncertain; the surface of the papyrus is damaged 
and ovBeva is a possible reading. 

31. a^ai/|^aaiasj : cf. Dio Hi. 36 ώστ' Λττίρ άθάνατοί όντως ΐπιθυμύς yeveaSai in the speech 

of IMaecenas to Augustus. Lines 30-2 seem more appropriate to a dead than to a living 
Caesar, who did not become technically θΐός till his death ; cf. int. p. 150. 

34. The fetter following wv, if not r, is probably 7 or ττ, 

35-6. It is rather tempting to read των κ[αισ].Ί|'ρωΐ' (cf. p. 150) ; but the letter at the end 
of 1. 35 is much more like e than a. ]υ might be the end of προ το]υ. 



1613. List of Earl\' Athenian Archons. 

4-6 X 4-4 cm. Second century. 

This small fragment from the middle of a column belongs to a list of the 
earliest Athenian archons with the numbers of their years of office, like the lists 
in Eusebius (Schone, Euseb. CJiron. i. 188 and App. i a. 11), Jerome {op. cit. 
App. I b. 31), the Excerpta Latina Barbari {op. cit. App. 6. 217), and Syncellus 
(ed. Dindorf i. 368, 399) ; cf. v. Schoefifer in Pauly-Wissowa, Realenc. ii. 582-3. 
Such lists were no doubt common in Egypt ; cf. the chronological list of 
Olympic victors in 222, and A. Bauer's Alexandrinische Weltclironik {Denkschr. d. 
Wien. Akad. Ii). The handwriting is a small uncial of the Roman period, 
probably of the second century. After the abolition of the Athenian monarchy 
archons according to tradition were appointed at first for life, afterwards for 
ten years, and from 683 B.C. onwards annually. The change from archons for 
life to decennial archons began according to the Exc. Lat. Barb, with Alcmaeon, 
but the other authorities make him the last of the first category. The papyrus 
contains the name of Alcmaeon (1. 5) with the names of his four predecessors 
and six successors in the best supported order (cf. 11. 3-4, n.) ; but the numbers 
of the years of office are missing throughout, and there is nothing to show Avhich 
view was taken with reference to the chronology of Alcmaeon. One name 
is quite corrupt (L 6. n.) and another is misspelled (1. 8, n.). Only one more 
name after 1. 11 is required to complete the list of decennial archons: before 
1. I eight names of archons for life are probably lost; cf. Π. 3-4, n. 



1613. LIST OF EARLY ATHENIAN ARCHONS 



155 



Αρζΐ(ρ[ρων\\ 


ζτη [. . 


θ€σ7Γί[€]^ί| 


€τη [. . 


Αγαμηστωρ\ 


€τη [. . 


Αισχύλο? 


€[τη . . 


5 Αλκμξωρ [ 


€Τη . . 


Xaios [ 


€τη . . 


Αίσιμιδ[η9 


€Τη . . 


Κλξοδικ[ο? 


€Τη . . 


Ιππομ[ζΐ/η? 


ζτη . . 


ΙΟ Α€ωκρα[της 


€Τη . . 


A\jra.v8[po? 


€Τη . . 



1-3- That the originally separate fragment containing (τη (three times) is correctly 
assigned to these lines is not quite certain. 

3-4. Between Agamestor and Aeschylus the Exc. Lat. Barb, insert Thersippus, who 
is placed by the other authorities (cf. int.) 4th in the list of archons for life, Ariphron 
(1. 1) being 9th, as he presumably was here. 

5. Αλκμιων ; cf. int. 

6. Xaiof : 1. Xapof. From this point onwards the figure lost was presumably t in each 
case ; cf int. 

8. Κλίοδίψί: so also Syncellus; but Eusebius has (κ)λ6ΐ'δικοί or Klidikus, Jerome 
EUdicus, and Exc. Lat. Barb. Celdicus. KXh8ikos is the correct form; cf Pans. i. 3. 3. 



III. FRAGMENTS OF EXTANT CLASSICAL 

AUTHORS 



1614. Pindar, 01. Ί, ii, vi, vii. 

28.8x27-2 cm. Fifth or sixth century. 

The lost poems of Pindar occur in several papyri, chiefly from Oxyrhynchus, 
Dithyrambs in 1604, Paeans in 841 and P. S. I. I47> Partheneia in 659, odes of 
uncertain character in 408 and possibly 426 ; but the extant epinician odes have 
not hitherto been represented in Egyptian finds, so that a special interest attaches 
to this fragment of a codex of the Olympian odes. It consists of a single sheet 
forming two leaves, the first of which contains i. io6-ii. 45 (when complete i. 104- 



156 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

ii. 50), the second vi. 71-vii. 20 (when complete vi. 68-vii. 26). The lines are for 
the most part short, being divided much as in the extant MSS., and of the four 
columns two (i and iii) are fairly well preserved, but the other two have only the 
ends of lines. The upper margin is not preserved anywhere, but in Col. iii 1. 150 
(= 01. vi. 95) is the last. 20 more lines corresponding to vi. 96-105 are 
required to complete the ode, but these must have been omitted in Col. iv, 
for 1. 158 (vii. 6) is at the back of 1. iii (vi. 72), and that the number of lines lost 
at the top of Col. iv did not exceed 7 is clear from the size of the corresponding 
interval between the last extant line of Col. i (1. 51 = ii. 17) and the first of Col. ii 
(1. 57= ii. 21). How the 5 missing lines were distributed between Cols, i and ii 
is not quite certain, for, as far as Col. i by itself is concerned, there is room for 
I or 2 more lines at the bottom. But if, as seems not improbable, Ode vii 
began at the top of Col. iv, the top of Col. ii can be made fairly even with the top 
of Col. iv only on the hypothesis that 1. 51 was the last of Col. i. Otherwise, if 
e. g. there are only 3 lines instead of 5 lost at the top of Col. ii, there will certainly 
not be room at the top of Col. iv for the first few lines of Ode vii, especially since 
the writing in Cols, iii-iv is by a different scribe from that of Cols, i-ii and less 
compact. Neither scribe employed a formal uncial, the hand of the first being rude 
and irregular, while that of the second tends to become cursive, particularly in 
et at the ends of lines. Black ink was used by the first scribe as far as 1. 67, 
brown ink by him in 11. 68-95 and by the second scribe, whose pen was 
thinner. Iota adscript was rarely written. Both scribes inserted marks of elision 
and diaeresis and occasional stops (high points), the second also occasional 
breathings and an apostrophe after yap in 1. 144 ; but a breathing in 1. '^j in 
brown ink was not written, originally at any rate, by the first hand. That is the 
only trace of a subsequent revision apart from corrections clearly due to the two 
scribes themselves. The date of the papyrus is certainly fifth or sixth century, 
more probably the former, but the Byzantine documents found with it have not 
yet been unrolled. 

The MSS. of Pindar's epinician odes are divided into two families, called the 
Ambrosian and the Vatican. Of the first group the chief representatives are 
A (13th cent), C (late 14th cent.), Ν (i3th-i4th cent.), V (late 13th cent.) ; of the 
second Β (i2th cent.), D and Ε (14th cent.). In 01. i this classification has to be 
modified, since A there combines v/ith the Vatican group, D with the Ambrosian. 
The archetype of both families is assigned to the second century, to which 
the extant scholia are also referred. The text is generally thought to have been 
preserved with considerable care owing to the efforts of grammarians, and to have 
undergone comparatively little corruption since the second century, before which, 
as is shown by quotations, it was far from being fixed. This view is borne out 



1614. 



PINDAR, OL. I, II, VI, VII 



157 



by the papyrus, which carries back the evidence some seven centuries and is 
very close to the text of the best MSS., agreeing sometimes with the Ambrosian 
family (11. 79, 113, 116-17, 121, H^, 169), somewhat oftener with the Vatican 
(11. 8, 24, 30, 2,6, 59, 82, 85, 9a, 95, 126, 175). The difficulty in ii. 6 (11. 32-3, n.) 
and the interpolation in ii. 29-30 (11. 70-1, n.) recur. A number of slips are 
found, as is usual in Byzantine texts ; cf. e.g. 1618. Of the new readings the most 
interesting occur in ii. 39 and vi. 77 ; cf. 11. 88 and 119, nn. 



Col. i (Fol. 

3 lines lost 
^l^eoy ίπιτροπο^ i. 106 

5 €0)1/ 7[€αίσί μηδ^ται 

ζγων \το\υ\το κηδο9 lepoav 
/ίe/^ίyu^[αί]σί^[•] ei 6[e μη ταχύ λίττοί 
en yXvKVT^pav κ[^ν (λπομαί 
^υν αρματι θοω /cA[ei 110 

10 |etr ^πικουρον ^[υρων. 

ο 

οδον A[[e]]y£wi/ τΓα[ρ evSeieXoy ξλθων 
KpovLov €μοί μ^ν [ων Μοισα καρτ€ρω 

τατον /3€λο9 αλκάι τρ[€φ€ΐ ? άλλοι 

σί 8' αλλοί μβγαλοί- το δ €σχατο[ν κο 
15 ρνψονταί βασιλ^νσΐ' μηκ€Τί 

TTaiTTaLve ττορσων 

€ΐη σ€ ye τούτον ιΐ5 

υψον χρονον πατξΐν e//e 

Te τοσσαδ^ νικαφοροις 
2θ ομιλ€ΐν προψαντον σοφ[ία καθ Ελ 

λανα? ξορτα πάντα 

Θηρωνι Αακρα[γαντινω αρματι ? 
ανα^[ι]φορμιγγ€[ς ύμνοι ϋ. ι 

τ[ινα 6](ίον TLV η[ρωα 
25 τη[α δ'] άνδρα Κ€λα[δησομςν 
ήτοι Πισα μξν Αι[θ9 



Ι verso). 

Ολυμπιάδα δ' €σ[τα 

aev Ηρακλξης 

ακροθινα πολέμου [ 
3θ Θήρωνα (5e τ€τραο[ρια^ ϋ. 5 

€ν€κα νικαφορον 

γβγωνητξον οπι 

δίκαιον ^ζνον 

€ρ€ΐσμ Ακραγαντ[θ9 
35 ευωνύμων 5e πατί[ρων 

άωτον ορθοπολιν 

καμοντ€? οι πολλά [θυμω 

upov €σχον οίκημα [ ίο 

ποταμού• Σικ^λια^ [τ €σαν 
4θ οφθαλμ[ο]ς' αιω[ν δ e0e 

7re μο[ρσι]μ[ος πλουτον 

re και χα[ριν άγων 

γνησιάγι^ err apeTais 

αλλ' ω K[povie παι Pea? 
45 ^δθ9 Ολ[νμπου ν€μων 

α€θλω[ν re κορνφαν 

πορ[ο]ν [τ Αλφζου 

ϊα[ν]θ([ΐ9 αοιδαΐ9 ιζ 

ί[νφρ]α[ν αρονραν €τι πα 
5ο τρ[ιαν σφισιν κομισον 

λ[ο/7Γίΰ yei'ei των δζ πεπραγμένων 



158 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



\iv δίκα Τ€ και πάρα δικαν] 
[αποιητον ου8 αν\ 

\Kpovos ο πάντων πατήρ] 
55 [SvvaiTO θ^μ^ν ipyoav τί\ο<ϊ\ 

\KaBa 8€ ποτμω συν ξνδαιμονι yevoiT αν] ϋ.2θ 

[ξσλων γαρ νπο χαρματω]ν [ 

[πημα θνασκ€ί πα]λίγκοτον δαμασθΐν 

[όταν θβον Μοίρα] π€μπη 
6ο [avcKa? ολβον νψ]ηλον 

[€π€ται Se λογο9 €υ]θρονοις 

[Καδμοίο κουραφ[•] €παθον 

[αι μξγαλα] πένθος δζ 

[πιτ]νβί βαρύ 
65 [κρ€]σσονων προ9 αγαθών 

[ζω]€ΐ μίν Ολυμπωΐί' 

[αποθ]ανοισα βρομώ 

[κ€ραυ]νον ταννξ 

[θξίρα Ίΐ€μ€λ]α φιλξί 
70 [δ€ νιν ΙΊαλ]λοί9 αιαι φιλ€ 

[οντι δζ Μ]οίσαι 

[και Zivs πα]τηρ μαλα φιλζί 

[δ€ παΐ9 ο κίσσο]φορο^ 

[Xeyorrt δ (]ν κ\α]ι θάλασσα 



Col. ϋ (Fol. Ι recto). 

75 [β^τα κοραισι N]r]peos 

[a\iai9 βιοτον] αφθιτον 

[IvoL τ€τα)(^θαί] τον ο 

[λον αμφι χ^ρο]νον ήτοι 

[βροτων γ€ Κ€]κριταί 
8ο [π€ρα9 ου τι θαν]ατον 

[ονδ ασυχ^ιμον] αμ^ραν 

[owoTe παιδ'] αλιού 

[aTeipei συν α]γαθω 

[τ€λ€υτασομ]βν 
25 85 [ροαι δ αλλοτ] αλλαι 

[€υθυμιαν] re μ€τα και 

[πάνων e? α]ρδρα9 ζβαν 

[οντω' δζ Μοιρ] α re πατρωιαν 

[τωνδ €χ€ί τον ? ζ]νφρονα ποτμον 
9© [θβορτω σ]υν ολβω 

[€7Γί τι και 7Γ]ημ[' α]γζΐ 

[παλιντραπβλον αλ]λω χ^ρ[ον]ω 

[ζξ ουπ€ρ €KT€ive Λαον μοριμο9] υιο? 

[σνναντομ€νο9 ev δΐ Πυ ] 
30 95 [θωνι γ^ρησθ^ν παλαιφατον] τζλΐσσ^ν 
9 lines lost 



3δ 



4θ 



5 lines lost 
2nd hand e^ ο\υ πολυκλατον καθ Ελλανας vi. 72 
III γβνο9 Ι[αμιδαν 

ολβθ9 αμ ζσπζ\τ]ο τ[ιμωντ€? δ αρ^τας 
€9 φανβραν οδον [ep)(^ovTai τ€κμαι 
pel χρημ' €καστον μω[μο9 δ e^ 
115 άλλων κρζμαται φθονί[οντων 

Τ019 019 ποτ€ πρώτοι? π^ρι [δωδ^κατον 75 
δρομον €λαυνοντ€σσιν α[ιδοια ποτι 



Col. iii (Fol. 2 recto). 

γλωσσάΐ' ακονα? λιγυρα? 
α μ' ζθζλον[τ]α προσ[ζρ]πζΐ 
καλλιροαί[σι]ν πνοαις ματρομα[ 
τωρ ξμα Χτυμφαλι? ^υανθη? Μ([τωπα 
135 πλαξϊππον α [Θηβα]ν €τι 



85 



Κ€ν Τ€9 €pai[€ivo]v ύδωρ 

πιομαι ανδρ[ασιν α]ίχ/κ[ατα]ι[σί πλακών 

ποικιλον υμ[νον ο]τρυ[ν]ον νυν ί[ταιρου9 



1614 PINDAR, OL. I, II, VI, VII 



159 



σταξη Xapi9 evKXea μορφ[αν 

6ί δ' €τνμως ύπο Κυλλανα9 ορο9 
Ι20 Αγησια ματρω€9 avSpes 

ναΐ€ταοντζ9 ^Βωρησαν θ^ων 

καρνκα Xjejtrai? θνσιαι? 

πολλά δη πολλαισιν Ερμαν €νσ€ββ[ως 

09 αγώνας €χ€ί 
125 μοιραν τ α^θλων Αρκαδίαν 

τ evauopa τί 

μαί- KIV09 ω παί 2,ωστρατον 

α 

συν βρνγδονπωί πατρι 
Kpaiuu aeOev €υτνχ][ζ^ιαν 
130 So^au €χω τιν ein 



80 



Αιν^α• πρω[τον μ,^ν Η 
140 ραν TIap6ivia[u κξλαδησαί 

γνωναί τ['] €nec[T apxai\oy [ο]γ^[ίδθ9 
αλαθ^σί λογοΐ9 9° 

[ei] φίυγομίν Βοι[α)Τΐαν νν 
€ίσι γαρ' αγγ€λοί ο[ρθθ9 

145 ηνκομωι/ σκντ[αλα Μοισαν γλυκύς κρατηρ 

αγαφθβγκτων αοίδαν 

146 ζίπον δ€ μ6μρα[σθαι ^νρα 
κουσσαν [re] κ[αι Ορτυγία? 

ταν λ^ργων καθαρω σκάπτω δι^πων 
αρτία μ[ηδομ€νο? φοινικοπ^ζαν 
150 αμφ'€π[ζί Δαματρα 

end of column 



95 



7 lines lost 
[viv ζαλούτον ομοφρονο? evfjay 
[και €γω νέκταρ χυτον Μοισα]ν 

1 6ο [δοσιν αξθλοφοροί? ] 

[ανδρασιν πέμπων γλυκυν] καρπον 
[φρ€νο9 ιλασκομαι ] 

[Ολυμπία Πυθοι Τ€ νικω]ι/ 
[τΐσσιν ο δ όλβιο? ο]γ [ ] 

1 65 [φαμαι κατζχο^ντ αγασβαι 

\αλλοτ(. δ αλλον\ εποπτευεί Xapis 
[ζωθαλμιο? α]δυμ€λ€ί 
[θάμα μ^ν φορ]μιγγι παμφω 
[ι/οισι τ €v €ρτί]σι[ν αυ]λων 

ιγο [και νυν υπ αμφοτξρ]ων• 

[συν Διαγόρα κατίβαν] ποννοντιαν 



Col. iv (Fol. 2 verso). 

[υμν^ων παιδ Αφροδι]τα? 
νϋ. 6 [Αζλιοιο Τ€ νυμφαν ] 

[Ροδον ζυθνμαχαν ] γ5 

1 75 [οφρα πζλωριον ανδρ]α παρ Αλφξίωί 
[στ€φανωσαμ€νον ] 
[αιν€σω πυγμα? αποινα] και 
ΙΟ [πάρα Κασταλία ] 

[πατέρα re Δαμαγητον α]δοντα Δικά [ ] 
1 8ο [Ασία? €υρυχορον ] 
[τριπολιν νασον πζλ^χ? 
[ζμβολω ναίοντ]α? Αργβιαι [σ]υν α[ίχμα\ι 
[ίθέλησω τοισιν' e| 20 

[αρχα? απο Τλαπολ^μου 
ΙΟ lines lost 



8. The second ν οί yXvKvrepav is corr. from e : i.e. the scribe began to write γλυ^ρω- 
Tfpav, which is found in DN. 

K[tv : so ABE ; all that remains is the tip of a vertical stroke, which would also be 



i6o THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

reconcileable with r[e, as proposed by Schr(oeder), but not with ΐ\Κπομαι, the reading 
of CDN. 

9. ^yv: this form is not certainly attested in Pindar; cf. 1604, II. 13, n. 

κλ[ή|€ΐι/ : so CE, Schr. ; κΧ^ιζ^ιν BADN. 

13. αΚκάι: so most MSS. rightly ; αΚκάν DE. 

13-14. ηλλοί]σι : this passage is corrupt in the MSS., which all have αΚ\οισί against the 
metre, except V (eV a.). The Byzantine correctors read in aWoiac, but Schr. conjectures 

άμφ a. 

1 γ. σ€ ye: σε re MSS., except V (om. re). The Scholl. remark 6 νους' άη δε σε μΐν 

τούτον τον χρόνον . . . άλλως' αλλ' (ϊη σε τοϋτ. τ. χ. κτλ., from which it has been supposed that 
there Avas a reading σε δε', τε, which connects with τε in 1. 19, seems preferable to γε, but 
may have arisen from the second τε. 

1 8. νψον: so MSS. except D {νψοΊς). 

19. τε: δεϋΝ. Cf. 1. 17, η. 

2 2. 1. Ακρα[γαντινω. Ή αρματι, which is usually added by the MSS. after it, was written, 
the end of this line projected very considerably ; but cf. 1. 145. 

24. θ]€ον•. θΐων EV. 

Tiv η\ρωα : τίνα δ' ήρωα ΑΕ against the metre. 

25. Tiv[a δ'] av8pa : SO ABE ; τίν avbpa CD against the metre. 

29. ακροθινα: SO ABDN^, Schr.; άκροθίνια CN\ ZenodotUS ; άκροθίνιονΈ. 

30. δε : ε is corr. from ο (?). The word is omitted by A, which has τβτραωρίας. 

32-3. οπι δίκαιον ξ(νον : SO MSS. (mostly 6πί, but a few om). The second syllables of 
om and ^evov ought to be long, and Schr. follows Hermann in reading om (= on-tSt) δίκαιον 
ξίνων. The division between the corresponding lines 68-9 comes a syllable earlier. 

36. ορθοπολιν : ορβόπτολιν against the metre ADN. 

41. μο[ρσι]μ[ος πλοντον : SO MSS. ; μ. ό πλοντον (Hermann) or μ. in ολβον (Heyne) has 
been suggested on metrical grounds. 

52-7. These lines are restored so as to correspond to 11. 89-94. The traces of the 
supposed V in 1. 57, which comes above the second a of δαμασθ^ν in 1. 58, are very doubtful, 
and the first syllable of εσ(^)λωι/, the reading of the MSS. in 1. 57, is against the metre ; there 
is also an uncertainty about 1. 94 ; cf. n. ad loc. The reason for the assignment of all 
11. 52-6 to Col. ii is explained in int. 

59. π(μπη: so most MSS., Schr.; πίμψτ) A. 

62. ΐτταθον : πάθον Α. The word corresponds to Ai[os] \ o- in 11. 26-7. 

65. ο of [κρΐ]σσονων is corr. from ω. 

66. μ οι μεν is corr. (V has been omitted by mistake after it ; cf. 1. 169, n. 

70. niai : 1. aiei. 

70-1. φιλ([οντι δε Μ]οισαι: a superfluous verse which was athetized by Aristophanes, 
but is found in all MSS. except those of Triclinius. 

75. Ν]ί;ρεοί.• SO CE ; Ήηρίωί ABDN ; Νηρηος, required by the metre, occurs above the 
line in CDN. 

79. [βροτων ye: γε, which is omitted by B, must have been written. 

80. Considerations of space make the unmetrical form nepas, found in all ancient MSS., 
more probable than neipas, which was introduced by the Byzantine correctors. 

82. αλιού: SO BE; αελιΌυ against the metre ACDN. 
85. αλλαι: άλλοΊαι against the metre C^DN. 

88. a Te πατρωιαν : a τε πατρώϊον MSS., which is generally retained by edd., though 
Hermann conjectured ατε (or a τά) πατρώϊα, and Mommsen ά τ6 miTpatov from the schol. κατε';^ει 

τον (ϋφρονα πότμον η τύχη καθάπίρ το πατρωον κατεσχΐ. πατρωιαν muSt be wrong, but tWO Other 
scholia οντω δέ ενί τούτων . . . ή πατρική μοίρα κακόν φίρ(ΐ . . . and ούτω δε και eVt τούτων . . . η 



1614. PINDAR, OL. I, II, VI, VII i6i 

πατρώα κακόν ayti μοφα would be compatible with an ancient reading ηατρωία, of which 
πατρωιαν might be a corruption, due to (βαν at the end of the previous Hne. The last 
syllable of 1. 88 can be either long or short. It seems, however, more likely that, as 
suggested by Lobel, the scribe has omitted an elision-mark and πατρώι αν was really meant, 
av belonging to «xetr. avfxtiv ' support ' is more suitable here than the simple verb ; 

cf. Py. ii. 89 βίον . . . OS άνίχ(ΐ Tore pev τα κείνων τότ avff irepois εδωκει^ peya Kvbos and iVem, 

vii. 89 el 8' avTo κα\ βώς άνεχοι, and κατ(χ(ΐ in the schol. quoted above. πατρώι{α) would be an 
adverbial accusative or in apposition to τ6ν ίνφρονα πότμον. This reading is probably right. 
89. 8-10 letters would be expected in the lacuna, where the ordinary reading of the MSS. 
gives 12, and perhaps there was an omission, «χι may well have been written ; cf. 1. 127. 

92. αλίλω ;^ρ[οι/1ω : aWos χρόνος Α. 

93. Considerations of space favour the correct forms Aaov (i. e. Adov) and μοριμος (a v. Κ 
in the scholia and introduced by the Byzantines) against Aa'iov and μορσιμος which are found 
in the MSS. 

94. This Hne, if written, must have been rather cramped, for vios in 1. 93 presents the 
appearance of belonging to the line immediately above TeKfaatv (1. 95). 

95. TtKeaaeV. SO Β rightly; reλeσf^' ACD ; reXtVaf E; om. N. 

112. ο\βοί αμ : SO ACD^ ; δλ/3οϊ δ' άμ' the rest against the metre. 
114. μω[μος δ ΐξ : 1614 may of course have omitted b, which is found in the MSS., but 
Λvas deleted by Boeckh on metrical grounds. 

1 1 6. πρώτοις : SO AC^DE, Schr. ; πρώτον BC^N. 

117— 18. ποτι\σταξη : SO CD (-^«), Schr. ; ποτιστάζη ABE. 

119. epos: so Callierges (Rome, 1515), as is supposed, from the scholia (e.g. in D; 

cf. also Homer, Β 603 νπ6 Κν'Κ'Κψης ορός αΐπν) ; οροις ABCE ; οροις DE (lemma) ; ορίων conj. 

Schr. The objection to ίίρος is that the second syllable is expected to be long here. 
121. (8ωρησαν : SO AB^ rightly ; 8ώρησαν the rest. 
126-7. τψ"' : so MSS. except A [τιμάν). 

131. -γλωσσίι: the accent ought to have been paroxytone. Editors generally place no 
stop after γλώσσα, explaining άκόνας λιγυρας as a genitive of quality. The papyrus agrees 
with Boehmer, Avho connected άκ. λιγ. with πνοαΊς. 

132. προσ[€ρ]π€ΐ : SO most MSS. and edd. ; προσψποι D; πρησί\κΐΐ Triclinius. 

133. κα\\ιροαι^σί\ν', the ν (φίλκυστικόν is wrong; cf. 1. 1 42, n. 
135-6. fTiKev: \. fTiKTfv. Tty is merely an error. 

142. αλαθίσι: SO ABD ; I. αλαθ€σιν with EN. 

144. (ίσι: ΐσσι MSS.; «ση Wilamowitz, objecting to the poet's address to his poem, 
and avoiding the three predicates without a connecting particle. The second letter of «σι 
was not corrected, but the third was not σ originally, being corrected from a letter with 
a tail, probably t or p. 

146-7. Ί.νρά\κονσσαν: Σνρακοσσΰν (BDE) is the form preferred by edd. The division 
of these lines does not correspond to that in 11. iio-ii, where there are two more syllables 
in the earlier line. 

149-50. Cf. 11. 1 13-14, where there is a syllable more in the earher line. 

150. On the omission of the end of Ode vi see int. 

165• αγασθαι : 1. αγαθαι. 

167. That 1614 had ζωθαλμως with most INISS. rather than ζωοφθαλμως with CNO^ 
is not certain. 

169. Considerations of space favour the insertion of ev which is omitted by BDE 
before ίντ€]σι[ν. 

1 70. The stop after αμφοτίρ]ων is misplaced. 

171. ποννοντιαν : 1. ταν ποντιαν with the MSS. The scholia mention a v. 1. πόντιας. 
175. Αλφ€ΐωι: so most MSS.; *Αλφ€ώ(ι) A. Schr. 

Μ 



i62 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

1615. Sophocles, AJax. 

4-2 X3-9 cm. Fourth century. Plate IV 

(recto). 

This small fragment from the middle of a leaf of a papyrus codex of 
Sophocles, containing the beginnings of 11. 694-705 and ends of 753-64 of the 
Ajax, was found with a number of other literary pieces which date from the third 
or fourth century. The writing is a small sloping uncial with a tendency to 
cursive forms and to exaggeration of the final letter of a line, and there is little 
doubt that it belongs to the fourth century, probably to the earlier half of it. 
Breathings, accents, marks of elision and quantity, and high stops were freely 
inserted by the scribe himself The circumstance that this is the first papyrus 
fragment of the Ajax to be discovered gives it a certain interest, but it is too short 
to be of very serious value. A new variant in 1. 699, which has apparently left 
a trace in Suidas, is likely to be right, as is another new reading in 1. ']^6, and the 
quality of this text seems to have been distinctly high. The division of lines in the 
choric passage is the same as that in the Laurentianus (L). 

Recto. 

io) 1(0 Παν [Παν 
695 ώ Παν Πά[ν αλιπλαγκτ€ Κνλ 

λάνια^ χ^ί[ονοκτνπον 

Trerpaias [αττο SeipaSos φανηθ ω 

β€ων γο[ροποί ανα^ οπω? μοί 

Μυσια Κ[νωσί ορχ^ηματ αυτο8αη 
7οο ξννων ι[αψης 

νυν γ[αρ epoi μ^λ^ι γορ^υσαι 

Ικαρίων [8 vwep π^λαγίων 

μόλων [ανα^ Απόλλων 

6 Αάλιος [ζυγνωστο^ 
705 €μοι ξν[ν€ΐη δια παντός €νφρων 

Verso. 
7δ3 [^'P|cti κατ ημαρ τονμφαν'\ζς \το νυν Toce 

[Αιανθ νπο σκηναισι μηδ] αφ'ίντ eav 
755 [fi ζύύντ (Κ€ΐνον €ΐσιδ€]ιν θίλοί ποτ€• 

[βλα γαρ αντον τηνδ e6] ημζραν μονην 

[δίαί Αθανας μηνις ως] ζψη λίγων 



1615. SOPHOCLES, Α/ΑΧ 163 

[τα γαρ περισσά κανονητλα σώματα 
[niTTTeiu βαρβιαι? προς θ]€ωΐ' 8νσπραξίαίί 
76ο [ίφασχ^ ο μαντις όστις ανθ]ρωτΓον φυσιν 

[βΧαστων eneiTa μη κατ] αρθρωπ[ο]ν φρορήΐ' 
[κ€ΐνο9 δ ατΓ οίκων ^νθνς] ^^ορμώμ^νος 
\ανους καλώς λέγοντος] ^υρ^θη πατρός' 
[ο μ€ν γαρ αυτόν ξνν^π^ί τ€]κv[o^v δορι 

699• Μυσια: Νύσια MSS., a reading which seemed appropriate enough in view of the 
close connexion between Pan and Dionysus. But, as was observed by Mr. A. C. Pearson, 
Μύσια is probably right. Pan was the cult-companion of the Mother of the gods (Schol. 
Pind. Py. iii. 137), and in Strabo 466 the Curetes are connected with iepovpyias . . . περί re 

την τον Alos παώοτροφίαν την iv Κρήτη και τους τη5 μητρός των θέων ορ-γιασμούί ev Tjj Φρυγία και τυΐς 

π€ρ\ την "ΐδην την Ύρωικην τόποις. The region of Trojan Ida was in Mysia (Jebb on Ai. 720), 
and Κνώσια in 1. 699 is no doubt rightly referred to the Curetes. In the scholia on 1. 699 

as quoted by SuidaS S.V. Νυσια is the following note : Νύσια- ορχηματος ei8os. τών γαρ ορχη- 
σίων ή μΐν Β€ρ{κνντιακη Xeyerat, ή be Κρητική, ή δέ Ώαρικη \\. η κα\ πνρρίχη with L). Νυσια ουν τα 
BepfKvvTia' Νυσ/αί yap €στιν η Β€ρίκνντιακή, Κνωσία 8e ή Κρητική. ev Μνσία γαρ και Κνωσσω 

enipeXrjs ή ορχησκ. Μυσ/α there has been corrected to Νυσία, but in the light of 1615 Νυσια 
and Νυσ/αί are to be corrected to Mvo-ta and Μυσία$•, for what has Nysa to do with the 
Berecynthian Mother .? If Nysa and Dionysus are got rid of, everything fits together, and 
Sophocles is brought into line with Strabo; cf. also Virg. Aen. ix. 619 buxus . . . Pere- 
cyntia Malris Idaeae, and Lucr. ii. 611 sqq. Idaeam vocitant Matrem, etc., the Curetes 
being mentioned in 1. 633. 

754. αφΊντ' : the supposed elision-mark and breathing are uncertain. 

755. OeXoi: so L ; ^eXet the recentiores. 

756. την8 e^l ημepav μονην : ΟΓ τηvbe y\ ημ. μ.] τηώ(θ' ημίρα Lj τη8έ& ημ4ραι the 

recentiores; some editors, objecting to the crasis of τη ήμίρα in Tragedy, write τ^δ' td' 
ήμίρα or τηΚ ev ήμερα : T^be θήμίρα Jebb. The accusative is quite as good as the dative, but 
whether the scribe understood the passage is doubtful, for no stop is required after μονην. 

759. βαρειαις npos β]εων δνσπραξίαις : SO MSS. ; but whether the supposed traces of « are 
really ink is not quite certain, especially as the preceding α is rather large, so that βαρεία . . . 
δνσπραξία may possibly have been the reading, at any rate originally. 

761. φρονήι: so originally L, corr. by a later hand to φρονύ, the reading of the 
recentiores. Jebb prefers φρονήι. 

1616. Euripides, Orestes. 

4-2 X 7-8 cm. Fifth ceniury. 

A fragment from the middle of a leaf of a codex of Euripides, containing 
parts of Orestes 53-61 and 89-97, written on thin vellum with brown ink in a 
round calligraphic uncial hand of probably the fifth century. Elision-marks and 
high stops at the ends of lines are probably due to the first hand : a corrector, who 
used black ink, has altered the reading in 11. 60 and 91 and added occasional 

Μ a 



i64 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

accents and stops (in 1. 56 in the middle position). This is the fifth fragment of 
the Orestes which has been obtained from Egypt ; cf. 1370. int. It is too short to 
have much bearing on the divergences of the MSS., but has a new reading which 
may be right in 1. 61. The verso is in much worse condition than the recto. 1623 
was found with 1616. 

Recto. 
53 [ηκ^ι ya\p [eliS y[qv Μβί'ελεω? Tpoias απο 

[λιμ]€ΐ/α Se Να[υπλΐ€ΐοι^ €κπληρων πλάτη 
55 [α]κταΐ(ην ορμ€ΐ Βαρον e/c \TpoLas χρονον 

[α\λαισι πλαγχθ€ίί• την 8e δ[η πολυστονον 

Ελβνην φνλαξας νύκτα μη [tls €ΐ(ηδων 

μζθ' ημίραν στ^ίγονσαγ [(ον υττ Ιλιω 

πα[ι8]€? τζθνάσιν ety π€τ[ρων βλθη βολας 
6ο [πρ]ονπ€μψβ^ ets δωμ' ημ€[τβροι/ €στιν δ εσω 

[κλαιουσ α]8€λφιην σν]μφορα? T[e δωμάτων 

Verso. 

89 [e| ουπ^ρ αίμα yevedXiov κατ]ηνν[σ€ν 

90 [ω μ€\€ος η τΐκουσα θ ως διωλ]€Τ0' 
[ούτως evei ταδ ωσ\τ απ€ΐρι\κ€ν κακοις• 
[προς θβων πιθοΥ αν δητα μοι τι παρθ€ν€' 
[ως ασχολος ye σνγγο]νου προσ^δρια• 
[βον\€ί ταψον μοι] προς κασιγνητης μολ[€]ι[ν 

95 [μητρός κ^λξνβις] της €μης τίνος χαρ[ίΐ^ 
[κόμης απαρχας κα]ί χοας φβρονσα €μας 
[σοι δ ουχί θ€μι\τον προς φι\[ω]ν στ^ιχ^^ιν ταψον 

53• W'^ • " edd., as in 1. 59 and 60. 

58. The supposed accent on στΐίχονσαν is somewhat uncertain, being really over the 
χ : but in 1. 59 the accent on πέτ[ρων (which is also not quite certain) is above the τ. 

59- 7reV[piai/ : πίτρων Cod. Parisinus 2713; ττίτρών other MSS.; πίτρων edd. Cf. 
1. 58, n. Whether 1616 had (Χθη with most MSS. or (λθοι with Vat. is of course uncertain. 

61. σνίμφορπί : σνμφοράν MSS. Cf. int. 

91. The first hand may have written 3 letters where ηκ was substituted by the 
corrector. The MSS. vary between άπύρηκ€υ (so 1616 corr., the Marcianus and edd.), 
άπίίρηκα, and άπΐίρηκ iv, but the original reading here seems to have been different. 

97. φικ[ω\ν•. the MSS. vary between φίλων and φίλον. φίλων edd. ω suits the size of 
the lacuna here better than o. 



1617. ARISTOPHANES, PLUTUS 165 

1617. Aristophanes, Plutus. 

23-5X ι6•7 cm. Fifth century. 

Part of a sheet containing two leaves of a papyrus codex of Aristophanes, one 
of which has most of the first 60 lines of the Phitus, a play not hitherto repre- 
sented in papyri, while of the other leaf only a small fragment is preserved, which 
is insufficient for purposes of identification. The script is a mixture of uncial and 
cursive in a style resembling that of 1599, but somewhat later in date, and 
probably belongs to the fifth century, like most of the extant fragments of 
Aristophanes upon papyrus. The breathings and most of the accents, which are 
fairly numerous, are by the original scribe, who used brown ink ; but some accents 
were added in black ink, presumably by a different person. The stops, consist- 
ing of double dots marking a change of speaker or single high points, are, except 
at the end of 1. '^^, by the first hand, as are probably the name of the speaker 
against 1. 22, the glosses on 11. 34, 39, and 51, the iotas adscript, which were usually 
omitted in the first instance, and all the corrections except perhaps that in 1. 13 
and the correction or gloss in 1. 17. An omission of two lines after 1. 19 seems to 
have been made good by an addition at the bottom. 

The corrected text is fairly accurate, and shows the same tendency as that 
observable to a marked degree in 1374 ( Wasps) to support the Venetus 
(11. 17, 22, 32, 0,0,, 40) rather than the Ravennas (11. 38, 43, 51, but all points 
of minor importance). In two places (11> 4 and 50) it agrees with the Parisinus (A) 
against both R and V. The only new variant occurs in 1. 49, ταΰθ' for τονθ\ which 
makes no difference to the sense. The difficulties in 11. 17^ 46, and 48 are not 
affected, the reading of the MSS. being apparently confirmed in each case. The 
circumstance that the Plutus begins at the top of a page suggests that this play 
was the first of the codex, as in R and V : the same argument applied to 1371-4 
made the Clouds the first play of that collection ; cf 1371. int. 

Fol. I recto. 
ώί αργαλίον πράγ/ζ'ΓΓαΤΙ ξστιν ώ Z(v κ[αι OeoL 
SovXou γ€ΐ/ίσθαί ιταρα(ρρονονν\το^ δΐσποτου 
ην γαρ τα βύλτισθ' 6 θεράπων λ6|[α? τι/χτ; 
δο^η'^ 8e μη δράν ταύτα τω' Κ€κτ[ημ€ΐ/ω 
5 //€Τ€)(€ίί/ ανάγκη τον θξράποντ[α των κακών 

του σώματος γαρ ουκ ea τον κυρών [ 
κρατΗν ο δαίμων άλλα τον €ων[ημξνον 
και ταντα μ^ν δη ταϋτα• τω' δ[€ Ao]^[ta 



i66 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

oy θ^σπιω^ύ τρίποδο? €κ χρυ[σηλατον 

ΙΟ μίμψιν δίκαιαν μέμφομαι τ[αντην οτι 

larpos (ύν και μαντι? ω? φασιν [σοφό? 

y ^ , 
μίλανχολώντ απύπ^μψβρ μο[ν τον δ^σποτην 

π 

οστι[9 ακ]ρλ[ουθ€^ι κα^ι^τό^ιτ^ιν^ϊα^ αν6[ρωπου τυφλού 

τ\ουναντίον δρων η] προσήκ αυτω [ttoiciv 

15 [οι γαρ β\(ποντ€9] roty τνφλοις η[γονμ£θα 

ο[ντο9 δ ακολουθεί κ]αμ€ προσβι[αζ€ταί 

] . «ί 
κ[αι ταντ αποκρίνο^μ^νου το παρ[απαν ουδζ ypv 

€γ[ω μζν ονν ουκ\ €σθ οπ[ως σιγησομαι 
19 ^ ν^ f^V ΦΡ^^ν? ? [^' ^^^ ακολονθονμα/ ποτ€ 
22 Χρ(μ μα Δι αλλ αφί\Κ\(ύν τον σ[τ€φανον ην λυττης τι μζ 
ϊνα μάλλον [α]λγτ)[ς]• λή[ρος ου γαρ παυσομαί 
πριν αν φράσης μοι τ/[9 ηοτ €στίν ουτοσι 
«5 [evvovs γαρ ων] σοι [πυνθανομαι πάνυ σφοδρά 

6 lines lost 

Fol. I verso. 

32 [€π€ρησό]μζνθ9 ουν ωιγόμην coy τον 6eov 

at 
\τον ^μον] μ€ν αυτοϋ του ταλ^πωρου σχβδον 

[ηδη νομι\ζω[ν] €ΚΤ€Τ0^€υσθαι βων (κ0(β\[ησ]θαι α[ηο 

35 F^^ " υίον\ οσπ€ρ ων μονός μοι τυγχάνει' 

[π€υσομ€]νος ei γ^ρη μ^ταβαλόντα toi/^s:] τρόπους 
[uvaL πανλρυργον αδικο^υ^ν ϋγι\ς μηδ^ ev 
[ω? τω βί]ω τουτ αύτο νομίσας συμφίρ^ιν : 

[τι δητα Φο]ίβο9 €λακ€ν e/c των στεμμάτων 
4θ [π€νσ€ΐ σαφ]ω9 γαρ 6 θβος etTre μοι ταδι• 

αι 

\οτω ξυναν]τησ€μι πρώτον (ξιων 
[€Κ€λ€ΐ'σ€ το]υτου μη μζθΐ€σθαι μ' ^ημ^ ^τΐ' 
[π€ΐθ€ΐν 5]' €μαυτω'^ ^υνακολουθΐΐν οικαδ€['Ι\ 
[και τω ζυν]αντάίς δητα πρώτω' : του[τ]ω^ : 



1617. ARISTOPHANES, PLUTUS 



167 



45 



€£τ ov ^vvl\us την ζπι\νοιαν του 6io}v 
φραζονσα^ν ώ σκαί6τατ[€ σοι σαφέστατα 
ασκίίν τον] ϋιον τον ίπι\γωριον τρόπον 
τωι τούτο κρΟν^ι^ ; δη'Κίρν οτιη και τνφλ]ω 

τανθ' 

γνωναι δοκ]€ΐ ω? σφοδρ [€στί συμφ€ρο]ν 

το μηδζν ασ]κ€Ϊν v[yie? ev τω νυν] χ^ρόνωί [: 

ουκ ζσθ όπως ο] χ^ρησμος eiy τούτο ρίπξΐ <f>fs[f 

αλλ €ί9 CTepov τι μ€]ΐζον ; ην δ ημιν φράσηι 

όστις ποτ ^στιν ο}υτοσϊ και τ'γο^υ χάριν 

και του δξομξνος] ηλθζ /^exia] νων €ν[θαδ€ 

ημών 

πυθοψξθ αν τον χ^ρη[σμον] ο τι [νο€ΐ 
αγ€ δη συ ποτβρον σαυτον οσ\η\ς €ί] φ[ρασ(ΐ<ί 
4 lines lost 



Fol. a verso. 
1 1 lines lost 
72 α . [ 

17 lines lost 



100 



Fol. 3 recto. 
10 lines lost 

: λ . [. 

] : . T6 . .0 . 

17 lines lost 



4. τηντα : the accent is due to the corrector, ταντα A ; r' αντα U ; ταϋτα RV. 

12. απίπ^μψΐν : \. αττ€π(μ^(. 

I γ. αποκρινο]μ(νου : or a7roKpiw]/iei/ot, which is equally difficult ; άποκρινομενω R; άποκρινο- 

μίνου VAU ; άποκρινόμ^νος Bentley. The interlinear writing does not seem to refer to the 
termination of the word and may be a gloss, as in 1. 39 ; but it is not certain that 
anything was written before at, and, as Dr. R. T. Elliott remarks, at may be merely 
a variation of spelling of e; cf. 11. 33, 41. 

19. The partly obliterated sign against this line seems to be distinct from the abbrevia- 
tion of Χρεμ(υλοϊ) immediately below and to refer to the omission of 11. 20-1, which were 
presumably supplied in the lower margin. 

22. αφί [λ]ων : so VAU ; R. adds ye. 

32. a>s : so VAU : προς R. 

33. ToG: so VAU; om. R. 

34 marg. Similar but not verbally corresponding notes on (κτ(τοξίϋσθαι occur in the 
extant scholia. 

37. There was possibly a stop (one or even two dots) after tv, but none is 
required. 

38. aiiTO : so RAU (aiiTo) : ωντώί COrr. from αυτώί (?) V. 

σνμή>€ρην : so RV ; ξνμφ. AU. Cf. 1. 43, n. 

39. eimv is an explanation of «λακίΐ/, not a variant. Double dots are expected at the 
end of the line, and perhaps the lower one has been effaced. 



i68 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

40. τ(•ίδί : so V ; Tohi RAU. 

42. Whether the papyrus had eKekevae with VAU or exeXeue with R is uncertain. 

43• ζννακολονβάν : so RAU; σινακ. V. Cf. 1. 38, Π. 
45• i^'vi]eis : so RV ; ξννΐης AU. 

46. φρα^ουσα]!» : SO MSS. ; φράζοντος Cobet. The traces of the last letter suit i', 
but not s. 

48. τνφλ]ω•. so MSS.; τυφλός Hemsterhuys. The reading of the vestiges is very 
uncertain, and possibly there was a stop at the end of the line. 

49. τανθ : Toiff MSS. τανθ' would be more likely to become τοίβ" in view of the following 
συμφίρον than vice versa. 

50. χρόνωί : so AU ; βίωι R ; ejtL (with yp. yeVfi κα\ χρόνω in the marg.) V. 

51. its: so RAU; eW. 

51 marg. For φΐρ\(ται (a note on pinei) cf. Schol. Junt. φέρεται, άποβΚίπΐΐ. κτλ. But 
the vestiges are very doubtful. 

52- μΐ^Ιζον : : R also marks a change of speaker here, assigning ην S" ημίν κτλ. to βίρ{άτΓων), 
i. e. Κσρίωΐ', and 1. 56 originally to Xp{epvXos). 



1618. Theocritus, Idf/s v, vii, xv. 

Fr. 7 24-4x24 cm. Fifth century. Plate IV (Col. x). 

These fragments of a papyrus codex of Theocritus, originally about 40 in 
number, combined with the exception of a few minute scraps, which are not 
printed, to form parts of four leaves, of which two containing Id. v. 53-end and vii. 
1-13 are successive, and a third (vii. 68-117) is only separated from the second by 
an interval of one leaf, while the fourth (xv. 38-100) may have come much later. 
A narrow selis of the third leaf (Cols, vii-viii) was joined so that the verso corre- 
sponds to the recto of the rest of the leaf. All the leaves are much damaged, 
especially the first, of which the recto is barely legible anywhere owing to the dis- 
colouration of the papyrus, and the second, which is in almost the last stage of 
decay, so that decipherment is sometimes precarious. The script is a good-sized 
somewhat irregular uncial with a tendency to cursive forms, especially in α and λ, 
and resembles the Cairo Menander Plates D and Ε and 1369 {Oedipus Tyr annus ; 
Part xi, Plate vii) : it most probably belongs to the fifth century rather than the 
early part of the sixth. Iota adscript was generally omitted. The height of the 
column varies from 32 lines in Col. ix to 25 in Cols, vii-viii. The first hand was 
responsible for a few corrections, for the marks of elision throughout, and in 
Id. vii for a number of accents and breathings, besides a breathing in v. 114. 
Elsewhere in Id. vii, i. e. in Col. viii frequently and more sparsely in Cols, iv and 
vii, accents and breathings were inserted by a corrector, who was not appreciably 
later than the first hand and revised Id. ν and vii (not always very intelligently ; 
cf. vii. ici, n.), but apparently not xv, altering a number of readings and adding 
a few interlinear glosses (vii. no) and stops (vii. 77). 



1618. THEOCRITUS, IDYLS V, VII, XV 169 

The published fragments of Theocritus from Egypt have hitherto been very 
exiguous, being limited to 694, which contains parts of xiii. 19-34 (2nd cent.), 
some tiny vellum scraps of Id. i, iv, v, xiii, xv, xvi, xxii (Wessely, Wiener Stnd. 
1886, 230sqq. and Mittheil. Pap. Rain. ii. 78 sqq. ; 5th or 6th cent.), and of xi and 
xiv {Berliner Klassikertexie v. i, p. 55 ; 7th ? cent.), and a small piece of scholia on 
V, 38-49 {pp. cit. v. 1, p. ^6\ I St or 2nd cent.), all of them being practically 
worthless. Hence, pending the publication of the nearly contemporary and very 
much longer fragments of a Theocritus codex found by Johnson at Antinoe, 1618 
is in spite of its lamentable condition the first papyrus contribution of any 
value for the text of that author. The Greek Bucolic poets are thought to 
have been collected two centuries after Theocritus by Artemidorus, whose son 
Theon edited Theocritus alone with a commentary. Additions to the collection 
were made by other grammarians down to the second century, and in the fifth and 
sixth centuries the Bucolic poets were much studied, but afterwards they suffered 
a long period of neglect. When in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries MSS. of 
them make their appearance, the collection of Artemidorus had been reduced to 
a nucleus of poems of Theocritus {Id. i, iii-xiii) accompanied by varying additions. 
The leading position in the MSS. is assigned to Κ (13th cent.), which contains 
Id. i, vii, iii-vi, viii-xiv, ii, xv, xvii, xvi. . . . Other important MSS. or groups of 
MSS. are (i) B, a lost codex which was the basis of the edition of Callierges and 
the Juntine (both 1516), and apparently had i-xvii in nearly the same order as Κ ; 
{i) PQT (all 14th cent.), which have the order i, v, vi, iv, vii, iii, viii-xiii, xv, xiv, 
ii . . . ; (3) Η (i3th-i4th cent.) with the order i-xv, xviii . . . ; S (14th cent.) 
with the order i-xiv, βπιτάφιο^ Βιωνο?, xv-xviii ; (4) Μ (13th cent.), considered to 
be the second-best MS. for the earlier poems, with the order i-xvii ; (5) V (late 
14th cent.) and Triclinius (c. 1300) with the same order as PQT up to xiii, 
followed by ii, xiv, xv . . . ; (6) AEU (all 14th cent) with the order i-xviii ; 
(7) Ο (lath cent. ; the oldest MS., but still imperfectly collated) containing only 
V. 6 a-viii, allied to AE. In Id. xv, where the divergences of the MSS. are much 
greater than in ν and vii, L (14th cent.), containing v. ^^-'^v . . . but imperfectly 
collated in the earlier poems, supports V Tricl. 

1618, as would be expected from its comparatively late date, does not present 
a very correct text ; cf. 1614. Apart from the usual difficulties arising out of the 
dialect and minor errors such as /xer' for /ney' in vii. 100, ωστ for οστ in vii. 103, συ 
for ov in xv. 54, avras for ανται or αντα in xv. 6η, more serious corruptions occur 
in vii. 73 τα Hares for ras s.tv^.a'i^ χ v. 99 φθίγξζΐ [tl] σφ' for φθίγξ^ίται tl σαφ\ In ν 
1618 tends to support Κ against Μ (11. iii, 115-16, 118, 148; 57 and 146 are 
doubtful) ; but in vii the opposite tendency is just as noticeable (11. 79, 90, 109 ; 
against 11. 81-2, 85, 112), and in general the eclecticism of the papyrus is evident. 



170 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

In V and vii new readings are rare, being confined to vii. 75 alV (φύοντο for αΐτ^ 
φύοντί and vii. 112 "Εβρω ττάρ ττοταμω for "Εβρον irap ττοταμον (both easier than the 
reading of the MSS.), and vii. 9a ev ω[/)€σι for av copea, which makes no difference 
to the sense. The difficulties in v. 118 and 145 recur, though in v. 116, 
where all the MSS. except S have gone astray, 1618 has the right reading. 
In XV, however, where the text of Theocritus is in a much more unsettled con- 
dition, there are several novelties of importance. Chief of these is [ττ€ρν](ην 
in 1. 98, confirming a generally accepted conjecture of Reiske for the corrupt 
στΐίρχιν or τι^ρχην of the MSS. Other valuable readings are oykos άλαΘ4ω$ in 1. 72> 
which seems to account for the variants of the MSS., and 6 κην Άχ€ροντ]ι φ[ίλ]ηθ€ίί 
which removes a difficulty in 1. 86 ; but in 1. 38 Karet[77es does not solve the 
problem of that corrupt passage, μη ά-ηοττλαγχθτΙ^ for μη τι ττΚανηθτΐί in 1. 67 is also 
attractive^ and et^e for et τι in 1. 70 may be right, as possibly ΚαΚ^νσαι for AaAeC/iies 
in 1. 92. Considering the fragmentary condition of Cols, ix-x, the gains are not 
inconsiderable, and 1618 as a whole is an interesting specimen of a text which 
stands apart from the existing families of MSS. and seems to have been at 
least as good as that of K. That in the later poems, from xiv onwards, the 
condition of the text has suffered considerably since the fifth century is now 
probable, but the earlier poems do not seem to have undergone much change 
between the fifth and thirteenth centuries. On this subject, however, much 
fresh light may be expected from the Antinoe papyrus, which does not over- 
lap 1618, and consists largely of the later poems. 

With regard to the order of the Idyls, the placing of vii immediately after 
ν is without parallel in the later MSS., but the arrangement in the contem- 
porary vellum fragments published by Wessely, in which ν followed iv and 
xxii followed xiii, xv being also represented, was possibly identical. The 
occurrence of fragments of xv in conjunction with ν and vii suggests that xv 
occupied an earlier position than usual, but the absence of revision in xv 
supports the natural presumption that this poem followed, not preceded, 
ν and vii, whether the interval was large or small. 

Col. i (Frs. 1-2 recto). 
V. 53 [στασω 8e κρατήρα μ^γαν X^evKoio γάλακτος 

[rats Ννμφαις στασω Se και aieoy] αλΧον €λαιω 
55 [αί ^f κ€ και τν μολη? απάΚαν πτ^ρίλν ω8€ πατησβι^ 
[και γλαχων ανθούσαν υπ€σ]σ€ΐται Se γ^ίμαίραν 
[Seppara ταν πάρα tlv μαλακωτ^ρα ττολ^λακι? αρνων 
\στασω δ οκτώ μ^ν γανλως τω ΙΙαν]ι γάλακτος 



1618. THEOCRITUS, IDYLS V, VII, XV 171 

[οΑίτω 8e σκαφιβας μίλιτος ττλεα κηρΥ ζχ^οισα^ 
6ο [αντοθξ μοι norepiaSe και αντοθί βουκο]λιασδ€υ 
[ταν σαυτω πατ^ων e^e τα^ δρνα9 άλλα τ]ί9 <^/J^/^€ 
[tis κρίνει αιθ €vSoL ποθ ο βονκολος coSe] Ανκωπας 
[ουδ€ν €γω τηνω ποτιδ^νομαι άλλα τον αν]δρα 
[αι λης τον δρντομον βωστρησομξς 09 τα? €ρζ]ίκας 
65 [τηνα? τας πάρα τιν ξνλοχιζ€ται ςστί δβ Μορσ]ων 
15 lines lost 

Col. ϋ• (F"rs. 1-2 verso), 

81 Δαφνιν 6γ[ω] δ' αυταΐ9 γ^ιμαρω? δυο πραν ποκ ξθνσα 
και γαρ (μ Ω,ττολλων [φιλ€€ΐ μ^γα καί καλόν αυτω 
[κρι]ον €γω βοσκώ [τα δβ Kapvea και δη e0e/)7rei 
πΧαν δυο τα? λο[ί7Γαί διδυματοκο? αίγας αλμ^λγω 

85 και μ α τταΐ? π[οθορ€υσα ταλαν λ(γ€ΐ αυτό?] αμβλγζΐ? 
φξυ φ€υ Λακα[ν τοι ταλαρω? σγζδον ίΐκατι πληροί 
τυρω και τον [ανηβον (ν ανθ^σι παιδα μολύνει 
βάλλει και μά[λοισι τον αιπολον α Κλζαριστα 
τα? αιγά? πα[ρ€λωντα και αδυ τι ποππυλιασδζΐ 

go κημ€ [γαρ ο Κρατιδα? τον ποιμένα λβίο? υπαντων 
€κμαι[ν€ΐ λιπαρά δζ παρ αυχένα aei€T eOeipa 
αλλ ου συ[μβλητ ζστι κυνοσβατος ουδ αν^μωνα 
ττρο? ρ[οδα των ανδηρα παρ αιμασιαισι πίφυκβι 
15 lines lost 

Col. iii (Frs. ^-6 recto). 

I line lost 
no TOi Τ€ττιγ€[? ο^ρ[ητ€ τον αιπολον ω? ξρ^θιζω 
[ουτω'\? χνμΐ? Θην €ρ€θισδ€τ[€ τω? καλαμβυτα? 
[μισ€]ω τα? δασυκβρκο? αλ[ωπ€^κα? αι [τα Μικωνο? 

[αΐ€ΐ φοι]τωσαι τα πο[θ€σπ€ρα ρ]αδοντι 
[κα]ι γαρ €γω μισ€[ω τω? κανθ]αρο? οι τα Φιλ[ωνδα 
115 [σΐ'ΐίία κατατρωγοντί? υπαν^μιοι φορξονται 

[η ο]υ μβμνησ οτ ίγων τυ κατηλασα και τυ σ(σαρ[ω?] 



172 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

\'iti\ ποτβκιγκλίζβν και τα^ δρυός ΐχ^ο τηνας 
τούτο μζν ου μζμναμ^ ο]ι<:α μαν ποκα TiiSe τν δ[ησα9 
Ευμαρας ζκαθτιρζ καλ[ως μα\]α τούτο γ* ισ[αμι 
ν. Ι20 [η8η] τΐ9 Μορσ[ων πι]ι<:ρα[ινζταί η ουχί τταραισθξν 
ΐσκιλλ]α9 ϊωγ γραια9 απο σα[ματος αυτικα tlWhv 
[κηγω μαν κν^ιζω Μορσων τίνα και τ[υ Se λει/σσβί? 
4 lines lost 

127 [α παι]ς αν[θ ύδατος τα καλπιδι κηρια βαψαι 

[ταί μξ]ν €μ[αι κυτισον re και aiyiXou αιγζς ίδοντι 
κ[αί σ\)(^οινον π[ατζοντί και ev κομαροισι kcovtl 

130 [ται]σι. δ" €μαις [οι^σσί παρ^στί μ€ρ α μβλιτβια 

[φ(]ρβ€σθαι [τΓολλος δξ και ως ρόδα κισθος ζπανθ^ί 
[ου]κ ζραμ Α.[\κίππας οτι μξ πραν ουκ €φίλησ€ 
[τ]ων ωτων κα[θ^\οισ οκα οι ταν φασσαν €δωκα 
αλλ 6γω Ευ^μηδ^υς (ραμαι /zeya και γαρ οκ αυτω 

135 τ(^^ σνριγγ [ω]ρ[β^α καλόν τι μ€ καρτ ^φιλησ^ν 
ου θ^μιτον Λ άκων ποτ αηδονα κισσας ζρισδ(ΐν 
ουδ €ποπας κ[υκνοισι τν δ ω ταλαν βσσι φιλ^χθης 

Col. ίν (Frs. 3—6 verso). 
I line lost 
[δωρζίται Μορσων ταν αμνιδα και τν'\ δβ θυσα[ς 
ΐ4θ [ταις Νυμφαις Μορσωνι κα\λον κρ^ας αυτικα τΓ€[μψον 
[πζμψω ναι τον] Π[ανα φρι]μασ[σ]([ο] π[α]σα τραγισ[κωρ 
[νυν ayeXa] κηγω[ν γαρ ιδ ω]? μ^γα. [τούτο] καχ^α[^ω 
[καττω Λ]ακωνος τ[ω ποιμβνος οττι πο]κ ηδη 
[ανυ]σαμαν τον αμνον e? ωρανον [υμμιν] αΧ^υμαι 
145 ?fyf5 ^μαι θαρσ€ΐτ€ κ€ρουχιδ€ς αυρ[ιο]ν νμμ€ 
πάσας βγω λουσ]ω Χυβαριτίδος βνδοθ[ϊ] λιμ[νας 
ούτος ο λ€υκιτ[α]ς ο κορυπ[τιλ]ος €t τι[ν'] οχ{[ν]σί[ις 
ταν αιγών φλασ[σω] τυ π[ριν η] γ [el/^e κα\\[ΐ€]ρησ[αι 
ταις Νυμφαις [ταν αμνον ο δ αν πάλιν άλλα] γβνοιμ[αν 
150 αι μ[η τ]υ φλ[ασσαιμι Μ€λ]ανθιος αν[τι Κομ]ατ[α 

. {sic) 
3 lines lost 



1618. THEOCRITUS, IDYLS V, VII, XV 173 

vii. 4 \k Αντιγόνης Svo τ^κνα Λνκωπ^ο? ti τι Trej/o [€]σ6[λθί/ 

5 [χαωι^ των er ανωθί^ν απο Κλντια9 re] και αυτω [ 

6 [Χαλκωνθ5 Βουριναν ος «κ ποδοβ ανυε] κραναν 

7 [ef γ €ν€ρ€ΐσαμ€νο9 π^τρα γονυ ται] 8e παρ αν\ταν 
6 [Χαλκωνο? Βουριναν oy e/c ποδο? ανυ^ κ]ραναν [ 

8 [aiynpoi π]τ€λ\ξ^αι re ζυσκιον αλσο9 ^]φο^[']'^[ον 
[χλωροισι]ν π[ίταλοισι κατηρ^ψ^ί^ κομ]οωσαι 

ΙΟ [κουπω] ταν [μ^σαταν οδον αννμ€9 ου]δ€ το σαμα 
[αμιν το Β]ρασι[λα κατίφαιν€το και το]ν οδιταν 
ί\σθ\ον συ\ν Μ.\οισαισι Κνδωνικον €ν]ρομ[ζ]9 άνδρα 
ουν[ομα] /ze[f Λνκιδαν η? δ anroXos ουδξ.] κ€ τΐ9 \ίΐν 

Cols, v-vi lost 

Col. vii (Fr. 7 recto). 

68 [κνυζα τ]' ασφοδ€λ[ω re πο]λνγναμπτω re σ^Χινω 
[και πιο]μ[α]ι μαλακω[9 μ^μνημψνο^ Αγ€ανοκτ95 

7ο [αυταισ]ιν κνλίκ€[σ]σι και e[? τρνγ]α χ^ίλο? ίρζίδων 

[αν\ησ]€ϋντι^ν^ δβ μοι δύο [π]οιμζν[€]9 ύς μ^ν Αχαρν^νζ 
[eis δβ] Λνκωπίτας [ο] δι Τιτνρο[? €γγ]υθ€ν αΐ[σ€ΐ 
[ω? πο]κα τα aavis -ρράσσατο [Δα]φνΐ5 ο βουτάς 
[χω?] oyooy αμψ enoveiTO και ω? δρνβ^ αυτόν ίθρ[ην]ίυν 

75 [-^ly^^W* '^'■τ ^φνοντο παρ όγθαισιν ποταμοΐο 
€VT€ \ιων ώί τις κατ€τάκ^το μακροί ϋφ' Αΐμ[ον 
η Αθω- ή Ροδόπαν ή Καύκασον €σγατ6ω\ν\τα 
ασξΐ ο (US ποκ \ζ\δ^κτο τον αιποΚον ^ypea λάρναξ 
ζωον ίόντα κακ[α]ΐσιν ατασθαλίησιν ανακτος 

8ο coy re yiv αι σιμ[αι λ]€ΐμων6θ€ φ^ρβον ϊο\.σαι 
Κίδρον ey αδ^ιαν [μα\]ακοις άνθίσι μάλισσαι 

οι 

ουν€κα γλυκύ Μοισ[α] κατά [στ]6ματο9 χ€€ νίκταρ 
[ω] μακαριστξ Κομάτα τυ θην ταδζ τερπνά π^πονθέ^,ς 
\κα\ι τύ κατ€κλάσθη9 ey λα[ρ]νακα και τυ μβλισσάν 
85 [κηρια] φ^ρβόμ^νος eroy [ωρ^ιον ίξβπόνησας• 
[αιθ €π] €μοι ζωοΐς €ναρ[ι6]μιος o)0eAey ήμ€ν 
[ω? τοι ίγ]ων ^νόμ^υον αν ώρ€α τα9 καλας αίγας 



174 ^^^ OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

[ψωνα^ €ΐ.]σαίων τυ δ' νπο δρυσίν η y υπο nevKa[i? 
[αδν μ^]λισδ6μ([ν]ος καΤ€κ[€]κλ][β^ισο ^[ete] Εο(χ[ατ]α 
νϋ, ρο [χω μ^ν] τοσσ απών απ^παύσατο [τον δ]e μ[€τ] αυ[θί? 
[κηγων t\ol ζφα[μαν Λνκίδα φίλ^ πρλλα [/i]et/ αλ[λα 
[Νυμφ]αί κημ ζδίδ[α^α\ν €u ώ[ρ^σι βονκ\ο\[(οντα 

Col. viii (Fr. 7 verso). 
[^σθλα τα που κα\ί Ζ[ο.]νο[<}] ^[π]ι. [θ]ρόν[6\ν άγαγ[€ φαμα 
[άλλα roy e/c] ττα[ν\των μ^γ νπ(:ΐροχογ οττι γ α,€ίδ€ΐν 
95 ["■Pi^^fA ?λλ [ν7Γ]ακό[νσ]ον €n.e[t] φ[ίλ]ο^ ^V)-^[° Moiaats 
^ιμιχιδαι μ[€ν] Ερωτβς (πίπταρον- η γαρ [ο <5eiAoy 
[τοσσ]ον [epa Μ]υρτον9 ο[σοΐ'] dapos alyes epavlji 
Aparos δ ο [τά\ πάντα φιλαίτατο? avepi τηνω 
παιδο9 νπο σπλάγγνοισιν iyjei πόθον οΐδβν [Αριστα 

ιοο €σθλος ανηρ μίτ άριστος ον ουδί κ€ΐ/ αυτό? αζΐδ[€ΐν 
Φοίβος συν φόρμιγγι πάρα τριπόδίσσι μβτάιροι 
COS €κ παιδος Αρατος νπ οστβον αιθ'-€Τ ^ρ(ύτι 
τον μοι Παν Ομολας ζρατον [π^^kδov ωστ€ λίλογχ^ας 
άκλητον /c€[iVo]io φίλα? ([? χείρας ξρύσαις 

105 «τ ecrr αρα Φιλίνο? ο μαλ[θα]κο9 etre τις άλλος 

κ€ΐ μ(ν ταϋ& ίρδοις ω Π[αν] φίλ€' μη τι συ παίδες 
Αρκαδικοί σ/cίλλα[ί]σίί/ ϋπο πλευράς re καΐ ωμ[ού\ς 
[τ]ανίκα μαστίζουν οτβ κρία τντΘα παρβίη [ 
€1 δ άλλως νζυσαις κατά pev χρόα παντ [ονν)(€σσι 

εν ακαληψαις 

Ι ΙΟ δακνόμίνος κνα[σαιο] και ev κνίδαισι [καθζυδοις 
[ei]?;? δ' Ηδ[ω]νων μ^[ν ί]^ ώρ^σι χ6ί//ατ[ί μίσσω 
[Εβ]ρο> πα[ρ] ποταμ<ύ τ[€]τραμμίνο[ς ξγγυθ^ν άρκτου 
€v δζ 6e[pe]L πυματοισι [τΓ]α[ρ] Αι[θι]6π(σσι ν[ομ€υοις 
πζτραι [υπ]ο Βλ^μύων 6θ(ν ουκίτι Νί[ιλος ορατός 

115 \>μμ([ς δ Ύ^τιδος και Βυβλιδος αδύ λ[ιποντ€ς 

[να]μα κ[αι Οικ€υ]ντα ξαν[θ]άς [ξδ]ος αιπύ Δι\ωνας 
[ω μ\άλο[ίσιν Ερωτί\ς ^ρζ[νθομίν\οισιν ομο[ιοι 

Some columns lost 



1618. THEOCRITUS, IDYLS V, VII, XV 175 

Col. ix (Frs. 8-16 recto). 

XV. 38 [άλλα κατά γ^ωμαν απ[€βα roi το]ντο κατ eiTT[€9 

[τωμ]τΓ^χ[ο]νον φ^ρ^ μοι κ[αι ταν\ θολιαν κατά [κοσμον 

40 [αμφγθζ^ ουκ αξω τυ τζκν{ον μο]ρμω SaKylet ίππος 
[δα]κρν€ [ο]σσα BeXHS χωλογ [δ ου S]h τυ γ€ν[βσΘαι 
[ερπωμζ]^ Φρυγία τον μ[ικκον παι]σδ€ λαβ[οίσα 
[ταν κυν €]σ•ω καλ^σον τ[αν αυλ^ιαν] α\ποκ\α^ον 
[ω θίοι oaao]s ο•)([λ]ος πω[ς και ποκα το]υτο π[(ρασαι 

45 [χρη το κακο]γ μυρμα[κ€ς αναριβ]μοι κ[αί αμζτ]ρο[ι 
[πολλά τοί ω Πτ]ολ€[μαΐ€ π^ποιηται καλά fyoy]a 
[e^ ω ev αθάνατοι^ ο τ^κων ουδ€ΐ9 κακοβργ]οζ 
3 lines lost 

51 α[δί]στα [Γοργοί τί γβνοιμ^θα τοι πολίμισται 

ΐππ[ο]ί τ[ω] β[ασίληο9 avep φιλξ μη μ€ πατησης 

[ο]ρθος α[ν]ξστ[α ο πυρρό? ιδ ω? άγριο? κυνοθαρση? 

«[ '] 
Ευνο συ φ€[υξη δίαχρησξίται τον άγοντα 

55 α>να[θ]τ]ν μ[€γαλω? οτι μοι το βρέφος pevei €νδον 

Θαρ[σ6ί Πραξίΐ'οα και δη γ^γβνημβθ όπισθεν 

τοί δ [ζβαν e? χωράν καυτά συναγαρομαι ηδη 
Ι line lost 

[e/c π]αι[δο? σπβυδωμί? όχλος πολύς αμμιν €πιρρ]€ί 
6ο [e^] αυλ[ας ω] μα[τ€]ρ €γ[ων ω τ€κνα παρ€νθ€]ι[ν] 

€υμαρβ[ς] ας Τροιαν π[€ΐρωμ€νοί ην]θον Αχαιοί 

[κα]λλισταί παίδων π[€ίραι θην πάντα] τζλ^ιται 

[χρησ\μως α π[ρ€σβυτις απωιχ^το θ€σ]πιξασα 

[παν]τα γυνα[ίΚ€ς ισαντι και ως Ζ^υς αγ\άγ(.6 Ήραν 
65 [βασα\ι Πρ[αξινοα π€ρι τας] θυρ[ας οσσος ο]μιλος 

[θ^σπίσιος Γοργοί δος] ταν χ^ρα μ[οΐ λαψβ και τυ 

[Ευνοα Ευτυχιδος πο]τ€χ' αυτας μη [α]ποπλαγχθης 

[πασαι αμ €ΐσ€νθωμξς] απριξ €χ€υ Ε[υ]νοα αμων 

[οιμοι δαλαια διχα μ€υ] το θβριστριον η[δ]η 



170 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



80 



85 



Col. X (Frs. 8-16 verso), Plate iv. 
XV, 70 [βσχίστίαί Γοργοί ποτ-[τω Alos e]i^6 yevoLO 

€νδαιμω\ν ωι/θρωπβ [φνλασ]<τβυ τ oyπ€χ^o^/o[^' μ]€υ [ 
ουκ €7Γ ^]μι.ν μ^ν ομ[ω^ 8e\ φυλάγομαι όχλος αλαθ€ω[ς 
ωθevuθ] ωσπ([ρ v€9 θαρσί]ί γνναι ev καλώ f//iep 
K€L9 ωρα]ς Κ7]π€[ίτα ψίλ α\ι/δρων ei/ καλώ e[ii/y 
αμμ€ π€/}ίσ]Γ€λ'[λ]θΰ[ι/ χρηστού κ]οικτβιρμονος a[uSpo9 
φλιβίται] Ευν[οα αμμιν a\y ω δαλα [τ\υ βι[αζ€υ 
κ]αλλισ[τ €ΐ^]δο[ί πασαι ο ταν ν]υον ^4''"]' ο\ποκλα^ας 
iTp]a|i[tOa] πο[ταγ ωδβ τα ττοίκ^Χα ιτρατο\ν αθρησον 
λβΙτΓτα [και ωί χαρι^ντα θ^ων τηρον^^α^ματα φάσεις 
ττολτν\ι. Αθηναία ττοιαι σφ ^πονασαν ^ρίθοί 

3 lines lost 
αυτός δ ως θαητος ew αργυρβας κατακ€ίτ]αι 
κλισμω ττρατον ιονλον απο κροτάφων] κ\ατά\8αλλώ 
ο τριφιλητος Αδωνις ο κην Αχ€ρον]τί φ[ίλ]ηθ€ίς 
πανσασθ ω δνστανοι ανανντα κωτίλΧ\οίσ\α\ι. 
τρυγόνας (κκναισ^υντι πλατ€ίασδοισα]ί α[παν]τα 
μα TToOev ωνθρωπος τι i5e τιν ei κωτιλαι et/xe]y 

90 \πασσαμ€νος ίπιτασσ€ Χυρακοσιαίς eTTi-aajcrei? [ 
ως €ίδης και τούτο Κορινθιαι ei/zes ανωθβν] 
ως Kat ο Βίλλβροφων Π^λοποννασιστι λαλ](υσαι [ 
δω]ρίσδ[€ν δ ίξ^στι δο]κω τοις [/1]ωρ[ΐ€^]σσί 
μη φνη Μ[ίλίτωδ€ς ος αμων] καρτ(ρο[ς] eirj 

95 7Γλα[ν] €v[os ουκ αλεγω μη μοι K€V€a]v απόμαχης 
σ[ι\γη ΙΙρ[α^ινοα /zeXXei τον Αδωνι]ν α€ΐδ€[ίν 
α τας Αργ([ιας θνγατη]ρ [πολνιδρις α]οι[δος 
ατις και [nepv]<TLv τον ϊαλ[€μον apiaTevae 
φθ€γ^€ΐ [tl] σή> οιδα καλο[ν διαθρυπτβταί ηδη 
ιοο δίσποιν [α] Γολγως re και Γ[δαλιον ζφιλησας 



ν. 53• The vestiges of 11. 53. 56, 58, 60-2, and 65 are too slight to give a real clue. 

57. πολ]λακΐί•. so KH^AE (and Ο according to Wilamowitz, λυΗο, however, elsewhere 
states that this MS. begins at 1. 62); rerpaKis INIPQTH'. There are fairly distinct traces 
of λ, but possibly it was corrected from or to ρ by the first hand. 

87. τυρω : the ω seems to have been corrected from op. 



1618. THEOCRITUS, IDYLS V, VII, XV 177 

III. χνμ^ς : so Κ ; κ υμμΐς ΟΓ χ νμμίς the reSt. 

ίρεέΊσδβψ : SO most MSS. ; (ρ(θίζΐτ€ KMP. 

114. ΐγω: so MSS.; ϊγων edd. since Brunck. Cf. 1. 116, where 1618 has ίγων, but 
most MSS. and edd. ίγώ. 

115. φορ(ονται : so KOHA ; ποτίονται MPQTV, V. 1. in schol. 

ii6. \η ο\υ : η is omitted by OPTQ^ Tricl., but must have been written here. 
μ€μνηίτ' ; SO KP {μ€μνασ) according to Hiller ; but according to Wilamowitz KP have 
μίμνα hke ΜΗΑΈ, others reading μίμνασ. 

or: so MSS.; 6κ Tricl., edd. For (γων cf. 1. 114, n. 

117• VX^° • ^• ^'■X^°' 

118. μαν τΓοκα : SO Κ γρ. {οκα μάν ποκα tip rot 8ησας) M'^PQT'H^S^ Tiicl. ; μαν the reSt ; 

μάν τοι Wilamowitz. 

τ«δ€ : SO κ ; τεΐι/δε ρ ; την8( Q ; τήδβ MOAS. 

121. [σ(«λλ]α? ϊων: the reading is uncertain, but no variant is known. 

129. σ\χοινον : SO ASL ; σχΓι/οι/ other MSS., edd. 

144. τον. so MSS. except K'^ {τάν; so edd.). 

145. Κ€ρουχώ(ς : SO MSS. κ(ρουλί3(ς and KepovXKibes are VV. 11. in the scholia; Kepovndes 

Ahrens. 

146. λψ[νας : SO MAE ; but the vestiges are too slight to decide with certainty between 
this and κρα[νας (KOP). 

148. η γ [^V : so KO &c. ; η iμ€ M'PQ Tricl. ; ή yi μ€ Schaefer. Cf. vii. 88, n. 

vii. 5-6. The υ of αντω[ has a stroke through it in the black ink used by the corrector, 
and it is not clear whether he rewrote that letter or was making a flourish at the end ot 
κραναν when inserting 1. 6 in its proper place. Line 7 was placed before 1. 6 by the first 
hand. The final letter of κραναν is not much like ν in either place, but no variant is known. 

8. €φαινον is the reading of the MSS., corrected to υφαινον by Heinsius, comparing Virg. 
JEcl. ix. 42 k?i/ae iexunt umbracida uiles. All that survives in the papyrus is an accent by 
the corrector (as is that in 1. 12) and traces which are reconcilable with φα and v. 

10. The first hand apparently wrote σήμα. 

12-13. It is not certain that the fragment containing «[ and ovi^ at the beginnings of 
lines is correctly placed here. 

13. μίΐ/ : apparently corr. from viv, rather than vice versa, μιν MSS. ; vlv edd. 

69. The first hand perhaps wrote KyiavaKTos like P. 

70. αυταισ\ιν: SO (or αυταίσι) MSS.; αναισιν Schaefer ; avTois iv Valckenaer. The 
traces of a letter preceding ν do not suit e. 

71. The I' of αυΚησΥνντι seems to have been corrected or added by the second hand, 
which crossed out the superfluous ν at the end. 

73. τα Saves: 1. τας Seve'as (or ^efeas) with KMO &C. ; ξενίας PS; a V. 1. ξανθάς (i.e. 

Ξάνθας) is recorded by the scholia. 

74. αμφ* enovfiTo : SO Ahrens ; άμφΐττονΐ'ϊτο Wil. with KPH; άαφίπολβΐτο OSQAE 
Tricl. ; in Μ i/ is corr. from λ. The apostrophe does not necessarily imply that the scribe 
regarded αμφ and enovtiro as two words ; cf. e. g. v. 116 κατηλασα. 

75. αιτ' ΐφνοντο : «ire φνοντι MSS. The intransitive use of φνω is very rare in 
early writers, but occurs again in Theocr. iv. 24 καλά πάντα φΰονη (where, however, HS 
read φύονται) and in Mosch. iii. 108. αιτ ίφνοντο removes a difficulty, but may be only an 
emendation or a slip due to the other imperfects ; cf. xv. 86, n. 

78. The first hand wrote aiaei and seems to have omitted ξ οίλαρναξ. 

79. ατασθαλίησιν : SO Μ; άτασθαλίαισιν KP. 

Ν 



178 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

80. λλαμωνόθΐ : \ίίμωνόθίν ΚΡ ; Χημωνο&ί Μ ; \ΐΐμ(ύνόβ( the rest {?). Above the vo the 
corrector has apparently crossed out a grave accent by the first hand, which at the end of 
the line seems to have written ιονσαι like P. 

81. άνθΐσι: so Κ ; 1. άνθ^σσι. 

82. ^^στ^ματος χί(: SO ΚΡ &C. ; στόμα eyxee Μ. 

83. Κομάτα: the MSS. wrongly accentuate this paroxytone. 

π(πονθ([ΐί : ovSe is very doubtful, and mmr . . might be read ; but no variant is 
known. 

85. (ξίπόνησας : SO most MSS. {(^enovaaas) ; e^ereXea-aas OM and V. 1. in the Scholia. 

86. f/xoi : so most MSS. ; ^μίΰ Ρ, edd. 

88. η γ νπο : η ΰπο MSS. There is room for two letters between η and v, and y is 
uncertain; but cf. v. 148. 

90. απ€πανσατο : SO mOSt IMSS., edd. ; ηνΐπαΰσατο Κ. 

92. κημ' ΐ^ώ[αξα]ν: κημΐ δίΒαξαν MSS. apparently. 

(V ώ[ρίσι : αν ωρΐα ]\ISS., a reading which may well be due to the proximity of άν ωρ(α 
in 1. 87. Cf. int. 

94. oTTi y αΐώΐΐν : SO Ο Tricl. and v. 1. in the scholia. The vestiges are very faint, 
but do not suit ω τυ yfpaipe{i)v, the Ordinary reading. 

96. η: ].η. 

98. Aparos: so KMPQA'; "Ωρατοί SA2 Tricl. 

100. /xfT : 1. μ€γ'. Cf. the next note. 

10 1. peraipoi : peyalpoi MSS. except Ρ (/ieyatpii). Probably the first hand wrote μΐγαφοι, 

and the corrector altered it wrongly, being apparently under the influence of the incorrect 
per in 1. 100. The τ is clear ; pcyaipoi (cf. 1. 102, n.) cannot be read. 

102. The first hand had divided wrongly aiff (τ, which the corrector altered by a stroke 
connecting θ and e ; cf. xv. 70, n. 

103. OpoKas: so KM ; 6μ6\ου HO ; όμοΚου with ω suprascr. Ρ ; MaXe'ay Ahrens. 

ωστ€ : 1. oare. 

104. K([ivo]io: SO KMP &c. ; τψοιο Η. Above the κ is a superfluous accent added 
by the corrector. 

epetaais : the corrector apparently added an accent above ep, but crossed it out, adding 
one over ισ, though that is really more like a rough breathing. 

105. fiT (στ apa Φίλίνος'. SO MSS. except S (ei're Φ.ηρ' ϊστΊν). 1618's accent On ΦιλίίΌ? 

should have been circumflex. 

106. Kfi: so S, edd.; κψ the rest. 

ταίθ' : so Η &C. ; ταΐ>τ KMP. 

iphois : so KMPE^ ; έ'ρδε.ί HSE^ 
συ : so Κ^ ; TV most MSS. and edd. 
108. μαστίζοίίν: μαστισδοΐίν MSS. apparently. 

10.9. ν(νσαις : SO most MSS. ; νΐύσιΐί Κ; νΐΰσοί! PS. What the first hand wrote instead 
of άλλως is obliterated. 

no. With the gloss on ev κνίδαισι cf. SChol. κνίδη νφ' ημών, άκαληφη 8e νπ Αττικών. 

111. ώρί(7ΐ : οΰ'ρίσι, KMP &C. 

112. [Ε/3]ρω πα[ρ] ποταμω : a new reading. The first hand wrote [Εβ]ρον πα[ρ] ποτημον. 

ίβρον τταρ ποτ. S ; evpov παρ ποτ. ΚΛΙΟΡΗΑ. Cf. int. 

Ί\(\τραμμΐνο\ς : SO mostMSS.; «κλιμίΐΌ? Κ γρ. MPTQ^ ; τΐτραμμενον some late MSS. 
The corrector at any rate must have read -μίνοί, not -μίνον. 

113. The first hand wrote Α.ι[βϊ\οποισι. 

1 1 6. OiKiuWa : so S and schol. ; oiKivvrasO', οίκίϋίτίί the rest ; Οίκοΰιτα Hecker. 



1618. THEOCRITUS, IDYLS V, VII, XV 179 

XV. 38. το^το κατ'βιπι f s : ταντο κα (. KL ; r. καλοί' f. PHS'AE ; r. καλ' e. SOme late 

MSS. ; τοϋ τόκα f. or vai καλόν fhas the old edd. Cf. int. 

41. [8α]κρν€ : so MSS.; 8άκρν edd. 

[ο]σσα θ(λ(ΐς : SO KP &c. ; οσσ e(9Aiti HS. θ is corr. from λ or π by the first hand. 

42. παι]τ8( : SO most MSS. ; ■πα'ώα κ. 

54. Εννοα συ φ([νξη : Εννοα ον φ(νξη MSS. It is possible that ο was added above the 
line after a[, but the σ of συ was not corrected. 

59. inipp]ei : these two letters are on a separate fragment of which the position is 
uncertain. 

60. €y[ωv ω τ(κνα τΓαρ(νθ€]ι[ν. The supposed ι is represented by the tip of a stroke 
above the χ of Αχαιοί in 1. 61, which suggests ι or p. The MSS. vary between t(kvu dra 
7Γ. H>SW Tricl., δ τίκνα dra π. AEL, and ώ τίκνα π. ΚΡΗ^ The objection to the 
restoration of either of the first two readings is that παρ(νθ(]ι[ν would not come at the right 
point and with πα]ρ[Ενθ(ΐ.ν the last letter or two would be expected to be visible, whereas 
a vestige of ink at the end of the line is too near the supposed ρ to be the final ν of (νθ(ΐ]ν 
and seems to be the accent of Αχαιοί. 

62. [κα]λλισται : SO D and another Paris MS. according to Ahrens, and a Venetian 
MS. according lo Ziegler ; κάλλιστί Ρ ; κάλλιστα Κ &c., Wil. 
64. Upav : so KP ; "Βρην most MSS. 

67. αντας : aiira(t) Or αυτά MSS. ; αΰτα Wil. 

μη [α]ποπλαγχθηί : μή τι (or τν) πλανηθτ^•: MSS. ά^:o^:λayχθrJi, an aorist often found in 
Homer, may well be right. For the hiatus cf. e. g. the reading of the MSS. in vii. 88. 

68. fxev : so most MSS. ; e^e KH. 

αμων : SO mOSt MSS. rightly ; δωμά Κ ; δ/χωίϊ P. 

70. Γοργοί : so most MSS. ; Γοργώ KE. For the stroke connecting ποτ and τω (by 
the first hand) cf. vii. 102, n. 

e]i^6 : t'L Ti MSS. Cf. int. 

71. φυλασίσίυ : SO S ; φνλάσσίο the rest. 
τ ονπ(χονο\_ν : 1. τώμπ€χονο\ι>. 

72. φνλαξυμαι : SO MSS.; φυλαξοΐιμαι the aucicnt editions. 

αλαθ€ω[ς : άθίως Κ ; αθρόως ΡΑ ; αθρωί Μ ; αθρόος (sometimes after ό'χλοί) other MSS. ; 
άθαρίως Ahrens. αλαθ^ως accounts satisfactorily for the reading of Κ and the attempts to 
emend it. The traces suit s• α verv well. 

77. ,v]8o[i : if ev]8o[v, the usual form in the MSS., had been written, part of the ν would 
have been expected to be visible ; but this is not certain. 

86. Αδω^ΐί ο κην Axepov]ri φ[ιλ]ηθ6ΐς : "Αδ. b κψ Άχ. φιλύται most MSS. apparently 

{φιλψαι Κ) ; "Αδ. ίς κψ Άχ. φιλ^ιται PV ; Άδωι/ ίς κψ Άχ. φιλάται Ahrens ; 'Άδωι /if ό κ^ν Άχ. 

φιλητός Reiske, which comes near the reading of the papyrus, c! for of relative, though 
common in Homer, seems to be very rare, if found at all, elsewhere in Theocritus ; but 
φιληθΐ'ις would be a natural emendation to some one who misunderstood ο . . . φιλαται. Cf. 
int. and vii. 75, n. 

92. λαλ]ίυσαι : λαλίνμ(ς MSS. Cf. int. 

94. ΐΐη : or (ΐψ. 

g6. σιγή : SO Κ ; σίγα Other MSS. 

98. [nepvyiv : SO Reiske for σπίρχιν or π4ρχην (Κ). The restoration is fairly certain, 
for though e (but no other letter) might possibly be read instead of σ, there is not room for 
five letters in the lacuna, and the traces suit σ better. Cf. int. 

99. φθ(γξ(ί [u] σφ' : φθίγξύ τι σάφα Ρ; φθfyξe:τai τι σάφ' Other MSS. rightly. 

100. Γολγωί : SO Κ ; γολγώ ΟΓ γολγόι^ the rest. 

Ν 2 



i8o THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



1619. Herodotus iii. 

Fr. lo IO-8 X 13-5 cm. Late first or early second cen- 
tury. Plate V(Fr. 10). 

These portions of a roll containing the third book of Herodotus belong, like 
1092 (fragments of the second book in a different hand), to the large find of literary 
papyri made in 1906 which produced 1082-3, 1174-6, 1231, 1233-5, 1359-61, 
1610-11, &c. About 40 pieces, subsequently reduced by combinations to 25, 
have been identified ; but several of the still more fragmentary texts accompany- 
ing the Herodotus were written in hands so similar that small pieces of the various 
texts can hardly be distinguished, and two of these MSS., Homer, Ν-Ξ 
and a tragedy (?), seem to have been actually written by the scribe of the 
Herodotus : we have therefore ignored for the present a large number of un- 
identified scraps. Parts of about 220 lines scattered over chs. 26-72 are 
preserved, the earlier columns being better represented than the later. The 
hand is a well-formed round uncial of medium size, of the same class as P. Brit. 
Mus. 128 (Homer Φ-ί2 ; Kenyon, Class. 7>^r/j•, Plate viii, there dated too early), 8 
(Alcman?; Part i, Plate ii), and the Berlin Alcaeus (Schubart, Ρλ/. Graecae, 
Plate xxix b), and no doubt belongs to the period from A. D. 50 to 150. Some 
documents of the Domitian-Trajan period, e. g. 270 (A. D. 94 ; Part ii, Plate viii) 
and P. Fay. no (a. D. 94; Plate v), are written in practically uncial hands of 
a similar type, and the care with which iota adscript is inserted also supports a 
late first-century date. Κ is written in two pieces separated by a space, and 
Τ is q-shaped. The columns had 39-40 lines, and the beginnings of lines tended 
to slope away slightly to the left. The lines range from 21-6 or 27 letters, 
with an average of 23-4. The common angular sign is used for filling up short 
lines. Punctuation was effected by short blank spaces and paragraph!, which 
in the case of longer pauses are combined with a coronis, as e. g. in the British 
Museum Bacchylides papyrus. A few stops (in the middle and low positions) 
which occur (11. 177, 332, and 410) are not due to the original scribe ; but he was 
responsible for the breathings in 11. 180 and 434, the occasional diaereses over 
initial t or υ, as well as for the insertion above the line of an omitted word (1. 446), 
and probably for the corrections or alternative readings added above the line 
between dots in 11. 143, 327, and 380. The MS. has undergone considerable 
revision, for at least two cursive or semiuncial hands, which are different from 
that of the main text but approximately contemporary with it, can be dis- 
tinguished in various notes in the upper margin or between the columns, either 
correcting or explaining the text (11. 69, 131, ^^j, 379, 410, nn.). 



1619. HERODOTUS III i8i 

1619 is nearly i^ times as long as 1092, which is much the longest Herodotean 
papyrus published hitherto ; the others, most of which also come from 
Oxyrhynchus (18, 19, 695, 1244, 1375, Γ. Munich in Archiv, i, p. 471, Ryl. ^c^, 
Brit. Μ us. 1 109 in Viljoen, Herodoti fragmenta in papyris servata, p. 44; cf. 
also the lemmata in P. Amh. 12), are quite small. Since 1619 is also the earliest 
or one of the earliest authorities for the author (P. Munich is ascribed to the 
first or second century, the rest to the second or third), it is of considerable value 
for the history of the text. The mediaeval MSS. are divided into two groups 
known as (a) the Florentine, headed by A (tenth century) and Β (eleventh century), 
and {β) the Roman, headed by RSV (all fourteenth century) : C, an eleventh 
century MS. of group (a), Ρ (fourteenth century ; mixed) and Ε (excerpts only ; 
thirteenth century) and other late MSS. are unimportant. Stein gave a decided 
preference to (a), regarding unsupported readings of (/3), which had been preferred 
by Cobet and other scholars, as in most cases conjectures. Hude puts the value 
of the two families almost on an equality, with a slight preference for (a). 1619 
bears practically the same relation as 1092 to the two groups, the agreements 
with (a) being nearly twice as numerous as those with [β). A similar relation 
is traceable in two of the other Herodotean papyri (19 and 1244 ; the others, so 
far as they go, support (a), except P. Amh. 13) ; and the evidence is now 
sufficiently extensive both to afford a substantial justification of the eclectic 
method pursued by Hude before the appearance of 1092, and to confirm the 
natural superiority on the whole of the older group. The tendency to 
attest the antiquity of suspected interpolations, which is so often exhibited by 
papyrus texts and is already traceable in regard to Herodotus (cf. Viljoen, op. cit. 
p. 59), is illustrated by 1619 in 11. 28 and 69, where τ&ν κακών probably and 
καλζομ€νονζ certainly occurred, though in both cases bracketed even by Hude, who 
is more conservative in this respect than his predecessors. Other passages in 
which the text of the mediaeval MSS. is confirmed against changes introduced by 
modern scholars are 11. 17, 147, 168, ;^^^, and 411. Here the traditional reading 
can generally be defended without much difficulty, but not in 1. 168, nor perhaps 
in 1. ;^;^;^. With regard to new readings, in 1. 108, a passage in which the 
repetition of the same word σκύλαξ had caused a difficulty, 1619 omits the word 
in the third place in which it occurs in the MSS., while modern editors have 
proposed to omit it in the second, and in 1. 267 the redundancy of the expression 
oil τΓολλω μβτ^ττίίτα χρόνψ νστζρον is remedied by the apparent omission of ύστερον. 
The addition of r^s before h> Alyivri in 11. 383-4 may well be right, but the 
omission of ων after τούτων in 1. 320 may be merely a slip. The solution of 
the crux in 1. 319, where the MSS. are corrupt and 1619 had a shorter reading, 
is barred by a lacuna ; cf. 11. 443-4, n. The other new readings concern the dialect. 



i82 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

in which respect 1619 is not conspicuously more correct than the MSS., as is 
shown by e.g. the forms khiKauvvro (1. 19), κρίσ^ι (1. 175), and σφε (1. 344). 
■πρίΐχμα, an alternative reading in 11. 327 and 380, though not found in the MSS., 
is known in the fifth century B. C. from a Chian inscription : cf. Smyth, lom'c 
Dialect, § 350. For Καμβνσην, a new form of the accusative as far as 
Herodotus is concerned, see 1. 176, n. Regarded as a whole, the text of 1619 
is free from scribe's errors (one seems to have occurred in 1. 374, another in 1. 131 
to have been corrected subsequently) and generally sound, presenting not many 
novelties, but combining most of the good points in both the families (a) and 
(/3). Of an alternative recension with great variations, such as that indicated in 
1092, ix, there is no trace. 

Before the discovery of Herodotean papyri the origin of the two lines of 
tradition represented by the MSS. was naturally not the subject of much 
discussion. Editors of Herodotus from Wesseling to even Hude were content 
to assume the existence of an archetype of the two families, and to aim at 
reconstructing it without much regard for the question whether it was 
Alexandrian, Roman, or Byzantine. In 1909 Aly {Rhein. Mtis. Ixiv. 591 sqq.) 
put forward the hypothesis that (a) mainly represented the Alexandrian text 
as edited by Aristarchus, (/3) the pre-Alexandrian vulgate in a redaction of the 
time of Hadrian; but this view, which would cut the ground from the archetype- 
theory, has not gained much acceptance, and is controverted by Jacoby in 
Pauly-Wissowa's Realeiiclycl. Suppl. ii. 516-17. 1619 certainly does not lend it 
any support. Jacoby himself is also sceptical about the validity of the current 
archetype-theory, and is disposed to regard the two families as quite ancient 
recensions, parallel to the papyri. But the most natural inference to be drawn 
from the eclectic character of 1092 and 1619 is that these first-second century 
papyrus texts were older than the division of the families (a) and (/3), which 
seems to have taken place not earlier than the fourth century ; cf 1092. int. and 
Viljoen, op. cit. p. ^6. By the first century the text of Herodotus had 
reached a condition which is only slightly better than the text recoverable from 
a combination of (a) and {β). 

Frs. 3, 7, 10, and 20 are from the tops of columns, Fr. 14 from the bottom, 
the rest from the middles. The point of division of lines is quite uncertain in 
Frs. I, 2, 13, 23, and 24, and the proposed arrangement of Frs. 9, 20, and 25 is 
only tentative. 

Col. i (Fr. I). Col. iii (Fr. 2). 

ayoayd^S α.[τΓΐκομ€νοι 26 6 €7Γ]ιφ[α]ι[ν€σθαί 27 

€]ίσί e[s ] Tore παντ[€9 



1619. HERODOTUS ΠΙ 



i83 



€χο]ι;σί μ[€ν 
Αίσχρίωνί]η9 φν[λη9 
5 απΐ]χον[σί 

Col. iv (Frs. 3-6). 
10 [ριων αξως μ€ν ye Αίγν]πτιωι> 29 
[οντος γ€ ο Θζ09 αταρ τοι] ϋμ€ΐ9 
[ye ου yaipouT^^ yeXcora] e/ze θη 
[σξσβζ ταύτα einas €νί]τ€ΐλατο 
[τοίσι ταντα ττρησσουσι του]9 μ^ν 
15 [ipea? απομαστίγωσαι Αι]γυπτί 
[ων δξ των άλλων τον αν λ]αβω 
[σι ορταζοντ]α KTeiv[^LV ορ]τη μ^ν 
[8η δΐζλ€λν]το Λιγνπτιο[ισί] οι Se 
[ipeey €8ικαι]ζνντο ο 8[e Λπ[ΐ9> 
2θ [π€ΤΓληγμ€]νο? τον μη[ρον ξφθι 
v€ [ev τωι ι]ρωι κατακ[€ΐμξνο9 
και [τον μ€ν] Τ€λ€υτησ[αντα €Κ 
τον τ[ρωματο]? €θα•\1τα[ν οι ipee? 
λαθρ[ηι Καμ]βνσβ[ω Καμβύσης 3° 
2 5 8e ω? [λβγουσι Αιγύπτιοι αντίκα 
8ια τ[ουτο το αδίκημα €μανη 
€ων [ονδ€ προτίρον φρενήρη? 
και 7τ[ρωτα μ^ν των κακών e^ep 
[γασατο τον αδ'\ίλφ€[ον Χμ^ρδιν e 
30 [οντά πατρός και] μητ[ρο? της αν 
[τη? τον απζπ€]μψ€ [ey JJepaas 
[φθονωι ζξ Αιγν]πτον ο[τι το τοξον 
[μοννος Π€ρσ€ω]γ όσον [re CTTi δυο 



Κζχαρη]κοτ€ς ορτα[ζοΐ€ν 
] ο Καμβυ[ση? 



Col. ν (Frs. 7-8). 

Γ βασ]ιληιοι δικαστα[ι 

50 [τοτατος αποκτίνίοντ]α μιν ο 3° 
[8e αναβας ey ^ουσα α]π€ΚΤ€ΐνβ 
γΖμ^ρδιν οι μ€ν λ€γο]υσι €π α 
[γρην €ξαγ]αγον[τα οι 8e ey] την Ε 
[ρυθρην θα]λασσαν πρ[οαγαγον 
55 [τα κατ]αποντωσαι πρω[τον μ€ν ^ι 
[δη λζγ]ονσι Καμβυσηι τ[ων κα 
[κων αρ]^αι τούτο 5eure[pa δβ € 
[ξ€ργα]σατο την αδί.λφ€[ην €πι 
[σπομ€]νην οι ey Αι[γ]ν[πτον τηι 
6ο [και σννοιΚζ]ξ και τ}[ν οι απ αμ 
[φοτ^ρων αδ€]λφ€η [(γημ€ 5e αν 
[την ωδ]e ουδαμ[ω? γαρ eω0e 
[σαν προ]τ€ρον τ[77ί]σ•£ αδ€[λφξηισι 
[σννοι\κ€ξΐν Π^ρσαι ηρα[σθη 
65 [μίη^ τω]ν αδβλφξων Καμβνστ)[ς 
[και €π€ΐ]τα βονλομ^νος αυτήν 
[γημαι οτι ο]υκ €ωθοτα eTrei^oe 
[e ποιησίΐν ίΐρ6]το κάλτσας > 
[τους βασιληιους κα^λ^ομ^νους^• 
7ο [δικαστας ei τις ίστι κ]€λ€υων νο 
[μος τον βονλομ^νον a]5eA0e[?7i 
[σννοικ€^ν οι δξ. βασιλη]ιοι [δι 
About 16 lines lost 



15 lines lost 

Col. vi (Fr. 9). 
About LS lines lost ν]€σθαι οι δ[νο δβ γβνομίνονς ον 

]κωμ€ν[ου δξ του σκυλακος αδ^λ 32 τ]ω δη ίπι[κρατησαι του σκυμ 

Ι ©5 ]φ€ον αυτ[ου άλλον σκυλακα απο νου κα]ί τον [μ^ν Καμβυσην ηδξ 

ρ]η^αντα [τον δίσμον παραγ€ About 18 lines lost 



184 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



Col. vii (Frs. 10. i, 11). Plate ν 

128 [κα βμιμησαο τον Κνρονλ οίκον 
[αποψιλωσας τον Se θνμ]:ύθ€ν 

130 [τα ζμπηδησαί αντηι €•)(^ου]σηί> 

[€v γαστρι και μιν ζκτρω\(ταν α «κτρωσασ/ 
[ποθανβιν ταντα μ€ν] e? τον^ οι 33 

κ[€]ι[οτατον9 ο Καμβνσ]τ]ς e^e/za 
νη €ΐτ[€ δη δια τον Αττιλν €ΐτβ και 

135 αλλω? οια [πολίλα [εω^ε] ανθρω 

TTOVS καταλαμβα[ν€ΐν ] και γαρ τι 
να και €Κ γζνίη? [νονσο]ν μ^γα 
λην Aeyerai ^[χ^"' ° Καμβυσηλ^ 
\τ'\ην ϊρην ονο[μαζουσί Tives ου 

140 νυν TOL a€i/c?[? ουδίν ην του σω 
ματο9 νουσον [μίγαλην voaeov 
Τ09 μηδ€ τας (p[peva9 υγίαιν€ΐν 



Col. viii (Fr. 10. ii). Plate ν 
32 1 68 ναι npos τον [πατ€ρ]α TeXeaai Κυ 34 
pov οι δ€ αμ[€ΐβοντο] coy €ΐη α 

170 μβινων του [πατρο]? τα re γαρ € 
Keivov παντ[α €χ€ΐ]ν αυτόν και 
προσ€Κτησθαι Αι[γυ]πτον re και 
την θάλασσαν Ιΐ6[ρσ]αι pev ταυ 
τα ζλ^γον Κροίσος (5e ηαρβων 

175 τ^ '^(^'- ου /c αρβσκομζνος τηι κρι 

σ€ί €£π€ προ9 τον Καμβυσην τα 

δ€ €μοί μ€ν ν[υ]ν ω παι Κυρου. 

> 

ου δοκββις όμοιος €ΐναι τωι πα 

[τρι ο]υ γαρ κω τοι [ζσ]τι ϋιος οίον 

1 8ο [σζ e<eiltO9 κατ€[λ]ιπ€Τ0 ησθη 

[τ€ ταύτα ακουσ]α[9 ο] Καμβύσης 

20 lines lost 



ταδζ €9 τους α[λλους Πβρσας βξ 34 

€μανη λ€γ€τ[αι γαρ €ΐπ(ΐν αυ 

145 [τΊον ττρος ΙΙ[ρηξασπ€α τον €τιμα 
τ€ μαλ[ιστα και οι τας αγγελίας 
€φορ€€ ο[υτος τούτου re ο τταις 
θΐνθ)(^οο[ς ην τωι Καμβυσηι τι 
μη δί και α[υτη ου σμικρή eineiv 

150 ^6 λζγ€ται τα.[δ€ ΊΊρη^ασττξ,ς 
κ[ο'\ιον [/ze τίνα νομιζουσι Πζρ 
ί6 lines lost 

Col. χ (Fr. 12. ii). 
19 lines lost 
266 Κ[αμβυσης τον Κροισον ου πολ ^6 

Χωι μ[€Τζπ€ίτα -χρονωι και οι 6e 
ραπο[ντ^ς μαθοντ^ς τούτο ζπηγ 

γβλλ[οντο αυτωι ως π^ρι^ιη 
> 

270 Καμβ[υσης δβ Κροισωι μίν συνη 



Col. ix (Frs. 10. iii, 12. i). Plate v. 

208 οντ[α ΤΙρηξασπ^α δβ ορωντα 35 

αν[δρα ου ψρζνηρβα και π€ρι e 

210 ωυ[τωί δβιμαινοντα €ίΤΓ€ΐν δβ 

> 

σπ[οτα ουδ αν αυτόν eycoye δο 

κ([ω τον 6eov ούτω αν καλώς 

βα[\€€ΐν τοτ€ μβν ταύτα e^ep 

γασ[ατο €Τ€ρωθι δβ Π^ρσίων 

215 ομ[οιονς τοισι πρωτοισι δυωδξ 
κα [επ ουδβμιηι αιτιηι α^ιο 
χρ[^]ω[ί €λων ζωοντας ξ,πι Κ€φα 
η lines lost 

225 [σι; (5e κτ€ΐν€ίς μ^ν ανδ]ρ[ας σε ^β 
[ωυτου πολιητας en] ουδβμ[ιηΐ 
[αιτιηι αξίοχρ^ωι €λ]ων κτ€ΐ 
[ν€ίς δί τταιδας ην 5e] πολλά τοι 
[αυτά ποιηις ορα οκως μ]η σ€υ 



1619. 
About 15 lines lost 



HERODOTUS III 



185 



Col. xii (Fr. 13). 
286 βοηθ€οντ]α[^ 39 

ταφρο]ν TT€f)[L 

Col. xviii (Fr. 14). 
About 28 lines lost 
■J 1 7 K€v [τη9 αίτιη^ νυν Se aia enei 49 
re €κτίσ[αν την νησον eiai άλλη 

λοισι 8ia(p[opoL rov 

320 των €Lp[eK€v απ^μνησικακ^ 

ov τοισι Έ^[αμιοίσι οι Κορίνθιοι e 
~^(μπ€ 8e [ey ^αρδΐ9 eu (κτομηΐ 
nepiav8p[os των πρώτων Kep 
κυραιων [euiXe^a? του^ παιδα? 
325 τιμωρ€ν[μ€νος -πρότεροι yap οι 
'Κ€ρκνρα[ιοι ηρ^αν cy αντον πρη 



230 [αποστησονται Π^ρσαι €]uol 5e 
[πατήρ σο9 Kvpos €i/ereXXjeT[o] 
About 15 lines lost 

Col. XX (Fr. 15). 
328 η[ισι συμ]ττ[ίπτω]<οτα [oi/creipe 52 

"ΰφφ 5e T7/y [op]yr]S η'ύ [ασαον 
330 και eXeye ω παι κότερα τ[οντων 

αφ€τωτ€ρα €στι ταύτα τ[α I'vv 
[€χ]ων πρησσβις- η τη[ν τνραννι 
[δα κ]αι αγαθά τα νυν €γ[ω €χω ταυ 
[τα €]οντα τωι πατρι βπί[τηδζον 

335 [παρ]αλαμβανζΐν ο? €ω[ν βμο? 

[τ€ π]αΐ9 και Κορίνθου Τ7?[9 ευδαί 
[μονο^ βα]σΐλ6υγ αλητη[ν βίον €ΐ 
[λίυ αντι]στατ€ων re κ[αι οργηι 
[χρξωμ€ν]ο9 ey τον [σ]€ ηκ[ιστα ^χρην 

340 [6ί γαρ τφ σύμφορη [ev αυτοί 
[σι γ€γον€] e[| η? υποψιην ey 



γμα α[τασθαλον ποιησαντ^? e 

Col xxii (Fr. 16-17) 

342 [σ€ΐν] και [τον οίκον τον πατρο9 δι 53 
[αφορ]ηθ€ντα μα[λλον η αυτοί 
[σ0€ α]π€λθων ^[χ^ίν απιθι ey τα 

345 [οικι]α πανσαι [σ^ωυτον ζημι 

[ων φι]λοτιμιη [κτήμα σκαιον 
[μη τωι] κακωι τ[ο κακόν ιω πο 
[λλοι] των δι[καιων τα €πΐίΐ 

Col. xxiii (Frs. 18. i, 19. i). 

355 [cTTi Tiyy ραχιο? 

5 lines lost 
361 [σπομ^νοι €ΚΤ€ΐ]ΐΌν et μ€[ν 55 



ζ']•ηι του α -^ 
κ]pjίτηp'.oυ 



[κ€στζ]ρα [προτιθΐίσι πολλοί δζ 
350 ηδη τα μη[τρωια διζημ^νοι 

τα πατρωι[α απφαλον τνραν 
\u]i9 χρήμα [σφαλζρον πολλοί δξ 
[α]υτη9 ^[ρασται βισι ο δ€ γ^ρων τ(:η? 
[δ]η και π[αρη3ηκωί μη δωις τα 

Col. xxiv (Frs. 18. ii, 19. ϋ). 
v[ai σφί Tovs δζ δ^^αμ^νου^ 56 
370 ούτω δη απ[αλλασσ€σθαι ταυ 
την πρωτην [στρατιην ey την 



i86 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



[vvv 01 παρζοντξς] Λακ€δαιμ[ο] 55 
[ι^ίωΓ ομοιοί ξγίνο]ΐ'Τθ ταντΓ)[ΐ'] 
[την ημ^ρην Αρχί]τ]ΐ re και Λνκω 
365 [πηι αιρίθη αν Χαμ]ο^ Αρχ[ϊ\η^ 
[yap και Λνκωπη9 μ]ουνο[ι σν]ν 
[€σπ€σοντ€ς φ€νγον]σι €[? το 
[rei^oy τοισι Ι!αμωισ]ί [και απο 



Ασιην Λακ€8αίμ[ονιοισ•ι Αωρίζ 

ey ξποιησαντο [ οι δ ίττι τον Πα 57 

λυκιρ(^ατ)ξα σ]τρατ([νσαμζνοι Χαμι. 

4 lines lost 

. . . 8[(ίοντο τα <5e των Χιφνιων πρη 

•χ- 
380 γ[ματα ήκμαζα τούτον τον γ^ρο 

ν\ον και νησιωτβων μάλιστα e 

ττ^λοντξον ατ€ €οντων αυτοισι 



Col. χχνί (Frs. 20-1). 
σαν €s το ipo]y τηζ Αθηναιη? τη[9 59 4°6 [ττψ/ης αρχ^ιτβκτων 5e τ]ον ορυ[ 6ο 



€v Αιγινηι ταύτα S]e ζΤΓθΐησα[ν 
385 (γκοτον €χ^ον]τ(ί Χαιχιοισί Αί•γ[ί 
νηται npoT]epoL γαρ Χαμι[οι err Α 
μφικρατ€09] βασιλ€νον~[ο9 €v 
About 18 lines lost 



Col. xxix (Fr. 22). 

422 στρα[τξν€σθαί ξττι τον μαγον και 64 
οι αν[αθρωισκοντι €πι τον ιππον 
του [κοΧ^ου του ζιφ^ο^ ο μυκηζ 

425 απο[πιπτ€ΐ γυμνωθ^ν Se το 

i[l■]φ[o9 παΐ€ΐ τον μηρον τρωμα 

Col. XXXV (Fr. 24)• 
430 TTapayLv]^eTa[i Jo 

Τστ]ασπζθ? [ 
τουτ]ων γαρ δη η[ν 
νπαρχ]ος en€i ων [ 
€]ξ των ΙΙβ[ρσ€ων 
435 Aap]eiov προ[σξταίρισασθαι 

συνίλ]θοντί9 [ 'ji 

€]διδοσα[ν 
e]ne[iT€ 



[γματο? τούτου ζγ€ν€το] Meya 
[peyy Ευπαλίνος Ναυστρο]φου 
[τούτο μζν δη €v των τριω]ν c 
410 [στι δζυτ€ρον δ€ nepi λι]μζνα• '^' ^Ψ%• 

ωσ€ΐ Tr[. 

[χωμα €v θαλασσηι βάθος] κατά λ[.]..'[. 
About ΙΟ lines lost 

Col. xxxiii (Fr. 23). 
427 τη]ν αυτ[ην 68 

το]τ€ ο μαγ[ος 
συν]οικ€ζ και [ 



Col. χχχνϋ (Fr. 25). 
ττωι πβρησο]μ^[ν] αμ€ΐ[βζται Aapei 72 

440 oy τοισδ€] Οτανη πο[λλα ζστι 

τα λογωι μ\ζν ουκ οια τ€ [δηλωσαι 
€ργωι δζ αλ]λα δζ €στι τα [λογωι μ^ν 
οια re €ρ]γον δ ουδ([ν λαμπρον 
απ αυτών ? ν]μ€ΐς δζ ϊστ€ φυ[λακα9 

445 ''■«S' κα7■eσr]eωσαy ίουσας ο[υδ€ν 

\αλ€παί πα]ρ€λθ€ΐν τούτο [γαρ η 



1619. HERODOTUS III iS? 

uecoi/ ζοντ(ί>\ν τοίων8€ ουδ[€ΐ9 οσ 
TLS ου πα]ρησ€ΐ τα μ(ν κο[υ καται 
δίομξνο?] T//xeay τα Se κ[ον και 
450 δ€ΐμαινω]ν τούτο δβ €χ[ω avros 
σκηψιν €υ7Γ]ΐ3€π€σ7[ατην τηι 

i's.The'sirofihe lacuna favours a.oy.a.r.y..a. (ABC) rather than a.o^aar.y.o.au. 

^^^^]'n oplr, : (η) oprij Schaefer, Hude. There is certainly not room for , in the lacuna 
19: Za%u.lo :'a 'hyper-Ionic' form due to false analogy; cf. Smyth, /.m. i^.a/.r/, 

& 6qo. eMeKi/ro (so RSV) is unlikely. , . r 1 

^21. c]pL : so RSV, edd. There is room for u]p<o., but cf. 1. 139 ψγ- , , . , , , 
28 1619 probably agreed with the MSS. in havmg rcou κα.ω. which is bracketed b) 

Stein and Hude'rbuti 39-33 are on a separate fragment of which the exact position is not 

''''''3;. [e. Πβ,σα. : om. S. The size of the lacuna makes it certain that 1619 agreed with the 
other MSS. 

r4-5^VpKayo.|ra (R, edd.) is slightly preferable on grounds of space to .p[o.ayayo.\ra, 

^''°;t7:::,:t'e>,.: so R, nude; .W...eVSV. t-H^.;;(ABP, Stein) ,s too shoi-t. 

60 The wo strokes afte^ κα\.ομ^.ον, presumably refer to the marginal note (1. 49)- 
whereCv'^rhavetJn repeatid Tt the banning of ^^e line; cf^l620. n.^^^^^^^^^^^ 
which is omitted by ABP and apparently erased m C, is omitted by Stein and bracKetea d) 
Hude buUf the 'corrector wished to omit it, βασμ,.ο.. 8..a.ra[. not ^^^}f^^'^^^^^^ 
would'be expected in the note. Probably one or more words are ^^^^efo^^^^^^^^^ 
the note is explanatory, like that in the margin of 1. 355, ^^i^^^JJ^Vn^^iVLdefecdv; at tW 
the note refers to 1. η 2, where βασ.\ψο. δ.καστα. occurs m the text (1619 is detective 
point), is unlikely in view of the critical mark agamst 1. 69. 

'::^';:;!^;:^:•1^^0, edd. ; .XW «..o. ... PRSV ; om. .XW σ. Naber ; 
'^' '^"oi^Mier δ, the MSS. have rov. σκνλακα., but 1619 is probably right in its omission ; 
cf. int. and|.^xo5, n.^^ ^ ^^^^ ..,...(.) is POSsibly by the -iter of the sc^^^^ 

on 1. 410, but is certainly not due to the writer of notes on 11. 69 and 355, and secerns no^ 
?o be by ihe first hand. The size of the lacuna suits the hypothesis that the first hand 

had omitted ασ. „ , , , . , . 

132-3. o.44[orarov. : ο.κ[η]{ον, (ABCP, edd.) IS too short. 

135. L^.: so RSV {eJ -θ..), edd. ; [.α,Η (^BC) .^s too long. 

136. κaτa\aμβa[v,iv]^. before this edd. insert κακά with RSV. 

\]l iBcTgrfe^vi'thle original reading r, ^i e, while RSV rightly have ra,. δ' 

(or δ€ ?) fV, agreeing with the superscribed reading. nn<;atisfactorv for 

1 47. φρ.^ : so MSS., Stein ; ^{σήφόρ^. Naber, Hude. .σ]|βφορ« is unsatisfactor) , tor 

the supplement in 1. 146 is already long enough. 
149. και: om. P. 



i88 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

150. bf : Kriiger's conjecture hrj is not supported. 

168. TeKeaai: SO ABRSV ; om. E; καΚΐσαι (=-ei}aat?) C; (Ικάσαι'ί Slein. Hude 

brackets this inappropriate word. 

172. προσ(κτησθαι : ττροσκτησασθαι ^SY. 
175• ■'"'7* Kpicrei: τη ■γινομ(ντ] κρΊσα RSV. 

176. Καμβυσην: Καμβνσία MSS. liere as elsewhere in Hdt., though in the other cases 
the word belongs to the first declension, and the Attic accusative is of course Καμβυσην. 
With regard to Ξΐρξης, Ότάνης, and some other proper names in -ης both forms of the 
accusative are found in ]\rSS. of Hdt. ; cf. Smyth, op. cii. § 438. 

176-7. ToSe: om. RSV. 

181. ηκουσ]α[Γ : om. ABCE. 

231. Whether ίί'6Γ6λλ]'τ[ο] (ABCE) or ej/eriiXa]™ (RSV) is to be read is not certain. 
There is no reason for supposing that in 1619 ό was inserted before σόί, as suggested by Bekker. 

267. /^[ίτίΤΓίίτα χρονωι'. μ^τίη. χρ. uarepov MSS., which is too long. The vesiige of a 
letter following λωι suits μ very well, but χ[ρονωι followed by μ(τ(π(ΐτα or varepov could be read. 

υστίρον is Superfluous ; cf. vii. 7 χρόνω pereneira. 

268—9. f7ri7'yiyeXX[ofro αυτωι: (ττηγγΐΚον το αυτό (V), inrjyytXov αύτω (S), inriyyeKKov αντω 

(Schweighauser) are all unsuitable. 

286-8. The position assigned to this fragment is far from certain, nep[i in 1. 288 being 
doubtful, ρ or [o]t can be substituted for π, and η, ι, ν, or π for p. 

319. 8ιαφ[οροι : the MSS. are corrupt, having διάφοροι eovres ίωντοΊσι {ίωντοί 

RSV). Kriiger suggested ΐρΊζοντίς for foires•, Reiske supplied οίκψηι before iovres, Valckenaer 
avyyeveis after ίωντοίπι. 1619 was clearly shorter, and the sentence may have ended Avith 
διάφοροι, for in 1. 320 ων, which occurs in the MSS. after τούτων, is omitted, and the new 

sentence may have begun ων τον των €iv[fK.fv. A connecting particle is, however, not 

necessary with τούτων (cf. e.g. 1. 13), and the absence oi a paragraphus below 1. 319 suggests 
that 11. 317-21 may have formed one sentence in the papyrus, though the scribe is not very 
regular in the use of paragraphi. 

320. For the omission of ων after του\των, which may be merely a slip, cf. the previous 
note. RV have tveKtv for eiv eKfv. 

321—2. e'^inepne: there is not room for απ(\πΐμηΐ (ABC, edd.), unless 01 before Κορίνθιοι 
was omitted. 

325. τιμωρεν[μ(νος : τιμωρεόμΐνοί RSV. Cf. Smyth, Op. cit. § 684. 2. The restoration 
TTpoTepoi (npOTfpop RSV) is supported by the parallel in 1. 380; cf. n. 

326-7. For the alternative form πρηχμα, which is ignored by the ]\ISS. of Hdt., see int. 

328. ^oiKTfipf : so I\ISS. ; [οίκτιρα, the form preferred by edd., would be long enough. 

333. ayada τα: SO MSS. ; (rn) αγαθά, τα edd. since Aldus. 

339. (s : tls AB less correctly. At the end of the line, where the supplement is rather 
long, producing a line of 27 letters, the division was perhaps (Ίχρην, but only 8 or 9 letters are 
expected m the lacuna at the beginning of 1. 340. 

344. σφί, the reading of the MSS. corrected by edd. to σφ(α, is rendered certain by the 
size of the initial lacuna, απιθι suits the space better than απΐλθί (RSV). 

346. φι^^οτιμιη: for η φι^οτιμιη (RSV, edd.) there is not room, if, as is probable, there 
was a space after ων. 

351. Either απΐβαλον or μ(Τ€βΛον (ABC) can be restored. 

353. The supplement, based on AB. is rather long, producing a line of 27 letters, and 
perhaps either η- should be omitted with R (SV om. ηδη), or re, or even both. 

355. The marginal note is in the same hand as that in 1. 49. 

361—2. RSΛ' have €Κτΰνοντα instead of eACTeii/or . . . ^apenvTfs. 
363. fyivo]jTo: or eyeiOjrro (ABS, Stein). 



1619. HERODOTUS ΠΙ 189 

365. αφ(θη αν Ί,αμ^ος : αιρίθησαν Σαμίοις RSV. 

370. δ^: om. RSV. 

372. Αακ(δαιμ[ονιοισι (PRS ; -ηαι V) suits the size of the lacuna better than Αακί8αιμ[οΐίοι 
(AB, edd.). 

373-4. Πο]|λυ(ί[ρ(ατ)€α σ]τρατ. : the lacuna ought not to exceed 4 letters, but the omission 
may have been supplied above the line, as in 1. 446. 

378-9. ί]|δ[€θί'το: the supposed vestige of δ may belong to a paragraphus. In the 
margin are traces of a note, which might refer to 11. 361-2, but is nearer to col. xxiv. 

379-80. For the alternative spellings πρη]•γ[ματα, πρη]χ[ματα cf. 1. 327 and int. 

383. τη[5: om. MSS. But cf. e.g. v. 82 τί} 'Χθψαίτ] re (re om. SVU) TTj Πολιαδι, vii. 
43 '"S Άθηναίη τη Ιλίάδί. 

386. wpoT^epoi ; ττρότ^ρον RSV. 

406. τ\ρυ ορυ [y/xaros τοντον : τούτον τον υρ. RSV, 

4 1 0. The supposed stop after λι]μ(να, which is not wanted, might be the bottom of a 
critical sign referring to the marginal note, which begins n(ept) λιμ({ι/α) and seems to be of 
an explanatory character. In the second line wcret π[' or π[' (i.e. παρά) or ω? eti[at can be 
read; the third line does not seem to be >[ι]μί[ί' . . . The ink is lighter than that of the 
main text and the marginal note on 1. 131, and the hand certainly different from that of 
11. 49 and 355 marg. 

411. κατά: so MSS., which continue «ϊκοσί δργνύων. Stein and Hude follow Eltz in 
reading καί for κατά, which is not satisfactory. As Lobel remarks, κατά would be expected 
here to mean ' about ', especially since most of the dyke was under water ; cf. the frequent 
examples of κατά with numerals quoted by Schweighauser, Lex. Herod, ii. 10. Hence the 
mistake may well lie in όργνιίωρ, for which we suggest opyvias, unless there was a substantive 
(Ικοσιόρ-γνιον, meaning a ' length of 20 fathoms '. 

423. 01 : om. C. 

427-8. 1619 r,o doubt had δ;; ταντην ίΐχ€ (om. RSV) between αυτ[?;ΐ' and το]τ(. 

430. παραγιν^το\^ί : Or pOSSibly f]? τα [Σονσα. 

434. Of the supposed breathing over (]ξ only the tip of a horizontal stroke is left, which 
might be interpreted as belonging to a paragraphus. Lines 433-4 would then begin [x]os 
and [σι (]ξ, but this arrangement does not suit 11. 432 and 435-6 very well, and €ξ is a very 
natural word on which 10 place a breathing; cf. 1. 180. 

438. e]n-f[(re or f7rei]rf[ can be read. 

440. Οτανη: Or. η AB, edd. ; Or. ή C. 

443-4. f'pyuv 8e ovbep απ' αντών λαμπρορ yiveTai MSS. 1619 was shorter and presumably 

omitted ylvtrai or άπ' αντων rather than λαμπρόν. 

445. κατ(στ]Εωσας : κατίσ]τωσα5 (RSV) can equally well be read, but is somewhat less 
suitable to the supposed length of the initial lacuna. 

446. μ[ΐν, inserted above the line by the first hand, is read by all the MSS. 

447. τοιωνΒί: so Hude with RSV; τοίων ABCP, Stein. 

1620. ThUCYDIDES i. 

14 X 14-3 cm. Late second or early third century. 

Plate VI. 

This fragment consists of the upper portion of two columns and a few 
letters from the beginnings of lines of a third column of a roll containing 
the first book of Thucydides, and covers chs. ii-i4with considerable lacunae. 



igo THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

The script is a medium-sized uncial of a second-third century type, resembling 
843 (Part v, Plate vi) and 1175 (Part ix, Plate iii). That it is more likely to have 
been written before A. D. 200 than after is indicated by the notes referring 
to alternative readings, which have been added later in the upper margin 
by a different and cursive hand. These notes are very like those in 1234 
(Part X, Plate iv), of which the main text is not dissimilar in style to that 
of 1620, though in a larger hand, and suggest a date not later than the reign of 
Caracalla. The main text may therefore well be ascribed to the reign of 
Commodus or even M. AureHus. The columns are rather tall, containing about 
54 lines of 18-22 letters. High stops accompanied by paragraphi (which are to be 
restored after 11. 3, 10, 14, and 21) are frequent, and there are occasional diaereses, 
but no breathings or accents. Iota adscript was written in 1. 13, but 
apparently not in 1. 62. An omission in 1. 3 is supplied by the original scribe, 
who also superscribed a variant in 1. 67 ; but a slip in 1. 8 is corrected by the 
writer of the marginal notes, which seem to be variants obtained from a different 
and older MS., not corrections ; cf, 11. 67-8, n. Critical signs are placed against 
the notes and the corresponding line of the text, four different signs being found 
in Col. ii. 

The relation of the papyri of Thucydides to the vellum MSS., \vhich are 
divided into two families, CG and BAEF, Μ approximating to a middle position, 
is discussed at length in 1376. int. ; cf. also Hude, Btill. de tacad. royale de 
Danemark, 19 15, 579-85. Of the five best papyri the first century specimens 
tend to support C, those of the second century B, especially in the later books. 
In the chapters covered by 1620 both C and F are defective, the lost portions 
having been supplied by later hands, in both cases from MSS. of the C family 
(c and f), so that F and f represent different families. 1620, a careful and 
elaborately revised text, agrees with Β against cfG four times, and with the 
C family against Β twice. 1621, however, which is about a century later than 
1620, inverts the relationship to the two families, agreeing five times with C, twice 
with the Β group. 1622, which is about fifty years earlier than 1620 and agrees 
twice with either group, and 1623, which is three or four centuries later and 
agrees twice with the Β group, once with CG, are both too short to show their 
real character. But the. customary electicism of papyri in relation to the 
mediaeval MSS. is apparent throughout the four Thucydides fragments in the 
present volume, and the division of the MSS. into two families is no doubt later 
than the papyrus period ; cf. the parallel case of the MSS. of Herodotus 
discussed in 1619. int. 

New readings in 1620 occur in 11. i, 73-4, 76, and side by side with the 
traditional readings in 11. 61, 67-8, 72 (cf. also Col. i. marg., 11. 58, 109, 112, nn.). 



1620. THUCYDIDES I 



191 



Some of these are concerned \vith trivial differences, such as the omission of the 
article or the order of words ; but in 1. 67 the traditional participle is no better 
than the hitherto unrecorded infinitive, and, especially since the marginal readings 
tend to be superior to those of the main text, the new reading proposed in the 
marginal note on 11. 67-8 may well be right. A tendency to smooth slight 
irregularities and roughnesses of style is traceable throughout 1620-3, especially 
in 1621, which confirms two modern emendations ; and, although some of the 
novelties can be explained as editorial improvements, and omissions may be 
merely due to accident, the four new fragments seem to represent texts of rather 
high quality, and distinctly support the impression gained by a survey of the 
longer Thucydidean papyri such as 16 and 1376, that without resorting to 
the drastic changes proposed by Rutherford there are many improvements to be 
made upon the tradition of the mediaeval MSS. 



Col. i. 



]ίλ€ΐ και ολ(λα) 



α'\πο[ν'\ωτζρον Τροιαν et 11. 2 

λ]ον [αλ]λα δι α^ρηματιαν 3 

τ]α 7τ[ρο] τούτων ασθενή ην 
κ^α,ι αυ[τ]α ye δη ταυτ[α ο\νομα 
στ]οτατα των ττριν y[eli'o 
μ]€να• δηΧουται tol[^ e]pyois 
υπο\δ€€στ€ρα οντά τ[η]9 φη 

ον 

μη]? και τ[[α)ΐ/"Π νυν π^ρι 

αντ]ων δια tcvs ποιητα? 

λογ]ον κατ[βσ]\ηκοτο$['] €π(ΐ ΐ2. ι 

και μ€τα τα Τρλωϊκα [Γ^^ί?]] 

η Ελλα9 €τι] μ^τανιστατο 

τ€ κ]αι κατωικιζξτο ωστ€ 

μη ησνχ^ασ(ασ)]αν ανξηθηναί[•] 

η Τ€ γαρ] αναγωρησι? των 2 

ΕΧ\ην]ων €^ ΙΧιου γρονι 

α γ(νομ]ζνη πολλά ζν€ω 



Col. ϋ. 

[Χ ] 

[^ τα π€]ρι TOS [ναυβ 
*J [τ€]σσαρα5 και τούτα «[τη] ίστι 
μάλιστα και αλ(λα) 
5 ^ τταλαιτατη 

55 βαοΊλξίαι• ναυτικά τ€ (ξη[ρ] 13. ι 

TV€TO η Ελλα9 και της θα 

λασση? μάλλον avTuyov 
Χ ΤΟ' πρώτοι δβ Κορινθιο[ι] 

λΐγονται εγγύτατα τον 
6ο νυν τρόπον μ€ταχ^€ΐρι 
3 σαι τα πίρι νανς και τριη 

pel? πρώτον ev Κορινθω 

τη? Ελλαδο? νανπηγτι[ 

θηναι['] φαινζται 6[€ και q 

65 Σαμιο\ι]? Αμβινοκλη? Κο 

ρινθ[ιο]? νανπηγοί? ναυ? 

• S• 

-Ο ποιησαι τ^ττ[α^α?• ί\τη 
δ (στι μαλισ7[α] τρια[κοσια 
[ej? την τέλίυτην τ[ο]ΐ'5[€ 

ηο τον πολβμον οτ€ -^μ^Ιΐ- 

νοκλη? Ι!αμι[οι?] ηλθ^• ν[αν 4 



192 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 
[χ/ζωσε] και στάσεις et/ ταΐ9 1 2. 2 '^ /ΐί^αχ]£α re παλα[ι]οτατη 



[τΓολζσιν] ωζ em το πο\[υ e]y[i 
20 \yvovTO α]φ ων €κπ€ίπτον 
[τ€? τας] TToXeiy ζκτιζον 
[Βοιωτοί] Τ€ γαρ οι νυν (^η[ 
32 lines lost 



ω[ν'\ ri[8]ri ίσ[μ\^ν tf Κοριν 

θίθύ\ν '/\ΐ:γ['^]τ['°'-'-] '"'99^ ^[^Ρ 
75 Kvpa[io]v[s] (τη Se /J.a[\i 
στα δ[ίακο]<τι.[α €]ξη[κ]ον[ 
τα €[στί μ]^χ[ρΐ- του αυτόν 
31 lines lost 



χ [ους €ποίησατο και Ρην^ι 
Ι ΙΟ α.[ν ζλων ανβθηκ€ τωι Απα 
[λ]λ[ωί'£ τωι Αηλιωί Φωκαης 
D τ€ [ΜασσαΧιαν οικιζον 
re[y Καρ-χ^ηδονωυς ew 
κω[ν ναυμαγουντ€ς δννα 



Col. iii. 
13. 6 115 



13. 4 



[τωτατα γαρ ταύτα των ναυ 
τικ[ων ην φαινίται 8e 
και τ[αυτα πολλαις γ€ν€ 
α[ί9 υστέρα γβνομ^να των 
Τ[ρωικων τριηρίσι μ€ν 
3 lines lost, traces of 8 lines, 
and 32 lines lost 



14. I 



Col. i. marg. κ«ι αλ{λα) ' and so on ' recurs in the third marginal note at the top of 
Col. ii. !"he preceding word apparently does not occur anywhere in the known text 
of 11. 1-54, and an unknown variant seems to be indicated; cf. 11. 67-8, n. ]e a« or ]κασι 
or ]<\ei can be substituted for ]eXei. 

I. Tpniav: την Ύροίην MSS. Cf. II. 58, 61, 73-4, nn. 

3. re, supplied by the first hand, is in all the MSS. 

τ:[ρο] τούτων : SO A'^cF^GIM, edd. ; Ti[pos] T. (ΑΈΕΕ^) is unsuitable to the size of 
the lacuna. 

4. y( : om. cfG. 

8. των, the reading of the first hand, is a mere error. 

II. ηΒη, which has a line above it to indicate deletion, is not known as a variant here. 
14. [μη ησυχαο(ασ)]αν : the traces of α are very slight, but ν is fairly certain, and there 

is not room for more than 7 or 8 letters in the lacuna, μη ησνχάσασα cP, Hude ; μη 
ησνχάσασαν ΑΈΈΜΡ, Stuart Jones. 

17—18. €vea[xpuaf] : SO AEM ; ΐνίόχμωσΐ Bcf, edd. 

19. em TO πολ[ι/ : SO cEf, Hude ; om. το ABM, Stuart Jones. 

21. Toy] TToXets: SO MSS., Stuart Jones; vias (Madvig, Hude) does not suit the size of 
the lacuna. 

22. Gertz wished to omit yap. 

Col. ii. marg. Cf. 11. 58, 61, 67-8, 72, nn., and for καια\{\α) Col. i. marg. n. 

58. Which word or words in this line were referred to in the lost marginal note at the 
top of Col. ii is uncertain. The only clue afforded by the MSS. is the circumstance that in 
Ε the t of πρώτοι is by a later hand, perhaps indicadng πρώτον as the original reading ; cf. 
πρώτον \n'\. 62, If not πρώτοι/, the lost variant may have been ol Κορίνθιοι.•, cf. Π. i, 61, 
73-4, nn. 



1620. THUCYDTDES I I93 

6i. vavs: τας va£s MSS., agreeing with the reading in the second marginal note. 
τριηρας immediately following has no article, and τάς can be dispensed with ; but the 
omission may be due to the accidental collocation of vavs and τριήρη which belong 
to different sentences. Cf. 11. i, 58,• 73-4, nn. 

62. πρώτον (v Κορινθω : SO BcEf, Hude ; iuK.np. AGM, Stuart Jones. Cf. 11. 73-4, 
76-7, nn. 

63. ναυπη-γηβηναι : SO ABEGM, Stuart Jones; ewavn.cfG suprascr, Hude. 

67. ποιησΜ : ποιησας MSS., agreeing with the superscribed reading. The infinitive 
makes the statement less definite and is quite appropriate. 

Τ6ττ[α]ρα5, with the marginal variant [τ(]σσαρας : cf, the superscribed σσ in the case of 

le. i. 4 ΐφνλαττον and 38 ηττηθΐκν. 

βη-2,. ([τη] δ 6στι μάλιστα : SO all MSS. ; the marginal variant <ai ταντα ([τη\ (στι μαλ. is 
unknown here, but at 1. 76, where 1620 like ABEGM has err, δε μα[λι]στα, cfG add. have 
'ίτη δε μαλ. και ταίττ, and Bekkcr's Ν €τη δε μάλ. κα\ ταύτα. The most probable explanation of 
this duplicate set'of variations is that the original reading was that of 1620. marg., but και 
ταντα was omitted, δ being inserted in its place (so 1620. 67, ABEGM) ; και ταύτα was, how- 
ever, supplied in the margin, from which the words were restored to the text in the wrong 
place (as in N), resulting in the subsequent emendation of ταντα to ταύττ] (cfG add.). If the 
reading of the later MSS. (G is 13th cent. ; cf are later than CF), which editors have hitherto 
adopted, be supposed to be original, it is almost inexplicable that neither the scribe nor the 
corrector of 1620 knew of the reading κα\ ταύτη in 1. 76, and that the corrector should make 
matters worse instead of better. The source of the marginal variants in 1620 is probably 
older than the main text, and may well have been a Ptolemaic papyrus or at any rate as old 
as the archetype of 1620. In view of the great antiquity of the reading κα\ ταΐιτα and the 
very late character of the evidence for κα\ ταύτη we much prefer to explain the variations in 
the light of their chronological arrangement, and to regard the readings of (a) 1620. 67 and 
the older MSS. and (b) Ν as intermediate steps in the process by which the reading 
preserved in 1620. marg. became corrupted into that of cfG add. 

71. ηλθ€: so MSS.; ηλθ^ν edd. The earlier papyri of Thucydides as a rule omit 
V ΐφΐλκνστικόν at the end of a sentence ; cf. e. g. 1622. 81, 84. 

72. παλο[ί]οτατ7? : SO somc of the deteriores; the earlier MSS. have πα\αιτάτη here, as 
has the marginal note, but in e. g. ch. i. i παλαιότερα occurs. 

73-4. ω[ΐ'] η[h\η io[p]iV η Κυρινθΐ(ύ[ν 7]ίΐ'[ί]τ[αι] : ων 'ίσμΐν γίγι/εται Κορ. MSS. (G at first in- 
serted yiyviTai before ων Ισμΐν, but erased it), ισ is fairly certain, and the preceding letter can 
be η, μ, or V, while the letter after <.ο[μ]ίν, if not 77, must be ν : the traces of ev and of a letter 
after a[v] are very slight and indecisive. [ι]σ-μ[ε]ΐ' Κορ. might be read, but before it ων [φι? 
is not long enough and ων [η]μΗς is inadmissible. η[δ]η is not very satisfactory, but prefer- 
able to cu[v] σ[ν]νισ[μ](ν. The insertion of the article before Κορινθίω[ν may be right 
(cf. 11. I, 58, 61, nn.); the loss of it may be due to the hiatus created when yiywrai 
was placed before instead of after η Κορινθίων. That 1620 had the form 7]ίί'[ί]'-[αι] (with cf) 

is uncertain, for vlty^^l•^*! ^^^ ^^ read. 

75-6. μα[λι]στα: μάκ. καΐ ταύτη cfG add., edd.; cf. 11. 67-8, n. 

76-7. ό[ιακο]σ<[α ι]ξη[κ]οντα : ίξηκ. και διακ. MSS. The traces suit δ[ιακο]α•ι[α very well, 
but in 1. 77 μ](λ[ρι- is quite uncertain. 

109. To what the critical sign refers is uncertain. The only variants m the Mbb. at 
this point concern the spelUng 'Ρψααν or 'Ρψίαν (in other authors spelled 'Ρηναιαν or 
'Ρηναίαν), except for the dittography 'Pfjveiav άνΐλών in cf. 

112. The critical sign perhaps refers to a variant concerning the spelling of Μασσαλία» 

(Mf σσαλίαν, Μασαλίαν, Μασσιλίαν, or Μασσαλίαν MSS.). 



194 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

1621. Thucydides ii {Speeches). 

14-3 X 1 1-4 cm. Fourth century. Plate V 

(verso). 

This leaf of a vellum codex is of a somewhat novel character, since it 
belongs to a collection of the speeches in Thucydides. The fragment contains 
the conclusion of the speech of Archidamus at the beginning of the war (ii. 11) 
and the beginning of the funeral oration of Pericles (ii. 35). There are 21 lines 
on a page and 20-5 letters in a line. Traces of the pagination are visible 
on both sides, but the figures are illegible. The hand is a calligraphic uncial of 
the same type as the Codex Sinaiticus, and the fragment has a special palaeo- 
graphical interest, for some omissions by the first hand (11. 18 and 26) have been 
supplied in darker brown ink by a cursive hand. These cursive additions 
are not later than the fourth century, and the main text is likely to belong to the 
early or middle part of that century. Stops occur in the high, middle, and low 
positions, but are partly due to the corrector. A stroke for punctuation (1. 3) and 
occasional diaereses and elision-marks are due to the original scribe, a breathing 
to the corrector. Iota adscript was generally written : where omitted, it has been 
supplied in at least one place (1. 16) and perhaps two others (11. 10 and 15), 
apparently by the corrector. 

The text as corrected is on the whole a good one and has several interesting 
novelties, which are in most cases superior to the readings of the MSS. The 
omission of the unsatisfactory ούτω in 1. 4 confirms a conjecture of Madvig, 
though confidence in the omissions in 1621 is somewhat shaken not only by the 
two mistaken omissions of the first hand, which are supplied by the corrector, but 
by a third (1. 36), which has escaped his notice, νμίν for ημίν in 1. 25 confirms the 
conjecture of Hude already substantiated by 853. vii. 15, the confusion between 
these words being of course common, αμννασθαι for αμύν^σθαι in 1. 4 and the 
omission of των before άλλων in 1. 19 may well be right. C is supported against 
Β five times, Β against C twice ; cf 1620. int. 

Recto. Verso. 

\οτατοι a[v e]i€v• npos Τ€ το e 11. 5 αντων οραν ω? [ον\ν εττι τοσαυ[ 

7Γί^€ίρ€£σ[^]αί ασφαλέστατοι^ την πολιν στρατ€υοντ€9 Kat 

[η]μ€ΐ9 §€ ονδ βττι αδύνατον 6 μ€γίστ[η]ν δο^α[ν] οίσομ€νο[ί 

[α]μννασθαι πο[λ]ιν ^ργομ^θα 25 tols re προγονοί? και νμιν α[ν 

5 [αλλ]α TOL? πασιν άριστα παρζσκ[(ν *« ^ων αποβοι[νοντων 

■ ^ 70£ί €7Γ αμφοτζρα ^π^σθί ίο 

[ασ\μ€νην' ωστ€ -χ^ρη και πάνυ • γ ι 



1621. THUCYDIDES Π (SPEECHES) 195 

[€λ]πιζ€ΐν 8ia μαχηί Uvai αντο[υ^ πη αν Tiy ηγηται• κοσμο[ν 

[ει] μη και νυν ωρμηνται ev ω[ι ? και φνλακην nepL navros ti[ol 

ονπω παρζσμεν- αλλ' όταν ΐν ουμενοι και τα παρ[αγ]γ€λλ[ο 

ΙΟ τηί γηι ορωσιν ημάς 8ηονντα[9 3° μ^ι^α ο^€ω9 β€)(ομΐν[ο]ι• καλ 

Τ€ και τα ικανών φθ6ΐροντα[? [λ]ιστον γαρ ToSe και ασφαλ€στ[α 

ττασι yap ev tols ομμασι. και ^ν τ[ω 7 τον πολλούς οντάς ενι κοσμωι 

παραυτικα οραν πάσχοντας γ^ρωμενους φαινεσθαι• 

τι αηθες οργή προσπιπτ€[ι επιτάφιος 

15 και οι λογισμωι (λα)(^ιστα [χρ]ω 

μενοι θνμωι πλείστα ες ε[ρ]γδ 35 Φ μ]εν πολλοί των {εν)θαδε ηδη 35• ι 
καθίστανται• Αθηναίους δε 8 ειρηκοτων επαινουσι τον 

τι προσθεντα τωι νομωι τον λο 

και πλειον των άλλων εικός « . r 

γον τονοε ως καλόν επι τοις [ 

τοντο δρασαι- οι αρνειν τε αλλω . -, 

'^ '^'^ _ εκ των πολέμων ϋαπτομε[ 

2θ \ά\^ιουσΐ' και επιοντες την τω ^ 

'■ •'* 4° ^οις αγορευεσσαι αυτόν εμ^οι 

πελας δηουν μάλλον η των —τ, j, , 

11^••• ό αρκούν αν εόοκει είναι αν[ 

4- [α]βννασθαι: αμύνίσθαι οντω MSS., Stuart Jones ; άμνν(σθαι omitting οϋτω Hude, 
following Madvig. For other variations between ημννΐσθαι and άμΰνασθαι cf. e. g. i. 96. i. 
II. τα (Κίΐνων : SO C ; τα \ΐίνων A ; τάκΐίνων BEFM, edd, 

12-13. και ev . . . opav is deleted by Hude, who alters πάσχονταί to πάσχονσί. 

14. τι : Τ€ C. 

15. Usener wished to delete 01. 

18. Ti, supplied by the corrector, is in all the MSS. 

19. άλλων: των άλλων MSS.; but τώι/ αλλωι/ has just occurred in 1. 18 and άλλων is quite 
defensible. 

21. των: Τ))»* MSS., rightly. It is certain that των was first written, but the second 
half of the ω is incompletely preserved, and ω may have been corrected to η. 

22. αυτών: αυτών C, Hude, Stuart Jones ; ίαυτών ABEFMl αυτών was probably 
meant by the papyrus and is likely to be right. 

22-3. τοσαυ\την: SO CEG marg. Β γρ. F^ γρ. M^f ex corr., edd. ; την αλλην ABFM' ; 
τοιαύτην some late MSS. 

24• ottro/xeroi : oiaptvoi B. 

25. i^^ti': SO 853; ημΊν MSS. Cf int. 

35. o[i μ](ν : so ABEFM with Tiberius, Syrianus, Dionysius, Castor, and IMax. Plan. 
Hude (but not Stuart Jones) formerly carried his preference for CG to the length of reading 
μ(ν ovv, but now (ed. maior^) brackets ουν. 

3g_6. ί^δ;; ίίρηκοτων : SO CG {ή^η add. G^), schol., Syrianus, Max. Plan., edd. ; (Ιρηκότων 
ήδη ABEFM ; om. ήδη Tiberius, Castor. The MSS. of Dionysius vary between ήδη dp. and 

(ϊρ. ήδη, 

39. πολίμων : πόλίων ABE. 

40. Dobree wished to omit αυτόν. 

41. δ': δί CG, edd. αρκούν αν : αν άρκοϋν Μ. 

Ο 2 



τφ THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

1622. ThUCYDIDES ii. 

17-5 X 21-2 cm. Early second century. Plate IV. 

The chief interest of this much damaged fragment, which consists of 
the lower halves of two columns and a bit of the column preceding, and contains 
parts of chs. 6^ and oj of Thuc. ii, is palaeographical, for on the verso is part of 
a contract for loan dated in Mecheir of the nth year of Antoninus Pius 
(a. D. 148), so that the recto must have been written before 148, probably in the 
reign of Hadrian, and is an unusually well dated specimen of second-century 
uncial writing. Other papyri which more or less approximate to it in style and 
date are 9 (Part i, Plate iii, which was there dated somewhat too late), 841 
(Part v, Plate iii), 1233 (Part x, Plate iii), and 1619 (Plate iv). A > -shaped sign 
is used for filling up short lines, and pauses are indicated by occasional blank 
places, paragraphi, and stops chiefly in the middle position (the high stop 
at the end of 1. 51 is not certain). A mark of quantity occurs in 1. $'^, and 
a correction of spelling, possibly in a different hand, in 1. 81. The column con- 
tained 29-30 lines of 16-22 letters. Iota adscript was written. 1622 agrees with 
C twice and with the other family twice ; cf. 1620. int. The only new reading 
occurs in the very compressed sentence beginning in 1. 84, of which the end is not 
preserved. Here the text of 1622 is apparently corrupt as it stands, but is 
perhaps nearer the original than the reading of the MSS., which may be only an 
emendation; ci.n. ad loc. ■ ■ 

Col. i. 
17 lines lost and traces of 7 lines [5ίωί] 7r€[p]iyfi/ecr^ai r\T]v\ 

25 \σοντον τωι Πζρικλ]α eue 65. 13 [''^°^]^V Π[eλ]oπoγuησ■ι[ 

[pLaaevae TOTe\ αφ ων αυτο9 30 [ω^ αυτών] τωι πολ^μωι 

[7r/Doe]y[^]a) [κ^ο-ΐ [πα^νυ αν pat 

Col. ii. Col iii. 

16 lines lost 16 lines lost 

[κ]αίτο[ν]α[υτον depov]? t[€\€V 67.1 J^I^io]? π[αρα τωι ^ιταλκηι 67. 2 

τωντο? Αρίστ[€ν]9 Koptv π€[ί]θονσί τον ^αδοκον 

θιος και Λακ(δ[α]ιμί[ν]ιων τον γ€γ€νη[μ]€νον Αθ[η 

50 πρ€σβΗ9 Ανηριστο? και Νι 8ο να[ιον Χ]ίτα\κον νιον• TO\ys 

KoXaos και Πρατοδαμο^' ^ 

m m άνδρας βγνίβίσαι σφισι- \ο 

και 1ίγ€ατη9 Ιιμαγορας ^ s> α or 



και Αργαοί ιδιαι ΓΓολ[λ]ί? 



πω? μη διαβαντί? ω? β[α 



1622. THUCYDIDES Π 197 

•πορζνομζνο[ι ey] την Ασι σιλζα την €Κ€ΐνον πολιν [ 

55 <iy 09 βάσιλξα [ei π]α)9 7Γ€ί το μ€ρο9 βλαψωσι ο δζ > 

σ€ΐαν αυτόν γ[ρ\ηματα re 85 7^/?"[^]€/? 7Γορίυομζνον['ί 

7ra/3e;(e[i]f kul ^\ν\μιτο\^ avTovs δια τη^ Θραικης e 

[μ]€ΐν• αφικΐΌνν[τ]α{. [ω?] Σι πι το πλοιον e/xeXXe> 

[τ]αλκην πρώτον [τ]ο[ν T]ij τον [Ελ]\ησποντον π€[ 

6ο [/ojeco ey Θραικ7][ν βον]\ομ€ [ρ]αιω[σ€ΐν] πριν ^[σ]βαιν€ΐν [ 
Fr. 2. ]' ο .[ 

28-9. τ[ί;ι/ Ι πόλ]ιν : SO CG, Aristides, edd. ; των ABEFM. 

51. Τίρατο8αμος : SO Μ, edd. ; ΏρατόΒημος CEFG ; ΣτρατόΒημος ΑΒ. 

57- παρ(χ([ι]' (ΑΒ corr. EFM) suits the vestiges much better than παρασχίΜν (CGB^?, 
edd.). 

79. τον: om. CG. 

80. viov : νιων A ; νόν Hude. 

81. σφισι : for the omission of ν (φΐλκνστικόν cf. 1. 84 and 1620. 71, n. 

84 sqq. For e/xeXXe in 1. 87 the MSS. have ω epeWov, making τηραιώσ^ιν intransitive 
contrary to the customary usage of the passive in this sense, as was noticed by Thomas 
Magister (early fourteenth century), e/neXXe may be merely a blunder due to some one who 
wished to make mpaiajaeiv transitive and ignored ξνλλαμβάν€ΐ, which follows ΐσβαίναν (1. 89) 
in the MSS. and governs nopevopevovs αυτούς. The loss of the end of the sentence in 1622 
is unfortunate, for the construction was not quite clear. After ξνλλαμβάν€ί the MSS. 
continue άλλου? δ* (so CG ; 8η Hude ; om. ABEFM, Stuart Jones) ξυμπίμψας μ(τά τοϋ 

Α(άρχον τοϋ Άμανιάδου και €κίλΐνσ(ν (Kfivois napabovvai. e^iXXe cannot be defended as long as 

the subject of it is Sitalces, who, as the context shows, had no intention of allowing the 
Spartan envoys to cross the Hellespont ; but with the correction (6) ψ(\λ€ (sc. the ship) the 
difficulty arising from the intransitive use of nepaiaiafiv would be removed, since a second 
accusative for that verb could easily be understood from nopsvopevovg avrovs : cf. Polyb. iii. 

113. 6 Tovs Xoinovs ΐζαγαγων . . . κα\ nfpaicoaas κατά 8ittovs τόπους το ρΐϊθρον, ω tptWov Avould 

on this theory represent an attempt to emend the text as found in 1622. 

Fr. 2. This fragment was adhering to the top left-hand corner of the papyrus, 
but apparently by accident. If it really belongs to 11. 19-21, it may refer to ττροσ^ΐ\νομ\ΐνωι 

or 11ίΚο\πον\νησιοις. 

1623. THUCYDIDES iii. 

14-7 X 5*5 cm. Fifth or sixth century. 

This fragment of a leaf of a vellum codex contains part of Thuc. iii. 7-9, 
with fairly numerous stops (in all three positions), paragraphi, accents, breathings, 
and diaereses. The only correction preserved, the insertion οΐ a. ν (φξλκνστικόν in 
1. 45, is due to the original scribe, who wrote a good-sized upright oval uncial 
hand of the fifth or sixth century. Iota adscript is omitted once and written 
once. Traces of ruling are discernible on the recto, which is the hair side. The 
text in spite of its comparatively late date stands somewhat apart from the 



'98 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



mediaeval MSS., agreeing once with CGM, probably twice with the Β group 
(cf. 1620. int.), and presenting several new readings. Of these the omission of 
των v€&v in 1. i and to ττζζόν for τον -η. in 1. ii are quite defensible. More interest- 
ing is the variant ανί[•πλίνσ€ for l-n-Aeuae in 1. 8, where the simple verb was rather 
ambiguous. The precise nature of the variation in 11. 19-20 is obscured by- 
lacunae. 1616 was found with 1623. 



Recto, 
[πλεωυ? α'\ποπζμπ€ί παλι\~ y. 3 
[βτΓ οίκον] 6 Ασώπιοζ- avros 4 
\δ €)(ων 8]ω8ζκα αφικν^ΐ 
[ται €9 Ναν]πακτον• και νστ€ 

5 [ρον Λκαρ\νανα^ αναστη 
[σα? πανδη]μ€ί. στρατβνβι 
[ζπ OiuLuSas] και ταΐί re ναν 
[σι κατά ? τον Λχ]€λωον ave 
[πλξνσβ και ο] κατά γην στρα 

ΙΟ [το^ ζδηίον τη]ν χωράν 

[ω? δ ου προσ€)(]ώρουν, το μ€ 5 
[πξζον αφιησιν] αυτό? δ€ 
[πλ^υσας ey Λ€νκ]αδα και από 
[βασιν €ί Νηρίκο]ν ποίησα 

15 [μ^νο? αναχωρω\ν διαφθβί 

[perat αυτο9 re κα]ι τη9 στρα 
[τιας τι μ€ρο9 νπο τ\ων αυτό 
\θζν τ€ ξνμβοηθνσ]αντων 
[και φρουρών τίνων ?] ων υστ€ρο 6 

2θ [νποσπονδου? τους] νεκρού? 
[αποπλ€νσαντ€9 οι] Αθήναι 
[οι πάρα των Λ€υκα]δι.ο:ν 
ΙΟ lines lost 



Verso. 

δ€υΤ€ρθν €νΐκα [και €7Γ6ί 

δη μβτα την €[ορτην κα 

35 Τ€στησαν ey λο[γου9 €ΐπον 
τοιάδξ' το μ€ν [καθιστό? 
τοΪ9 ^Ελλησι νο[μιμον ω αν 
δρ(9 Λακ€δαι[μονιοί και 
^υμμαχοι Ί^σμ^ν rouy 

40 γαρ αφιστα[μ€νους (ν τοΐγ 
πόλεμοι? κ[αί ζυμμαχιαν 
την πριν [απολαποντα? 
οι δ€ξαμ€[νοι καθ . όσον μ€ν 
ωφ€λουν[ται €v ηδονηι 

45 ίχουσίν νο[μιζοντ€ς δ ξΐ 
ναι προδ[οτα9 των προ του 
φίλων )([ξΐρου9 ηγούνται 
και ουκ α[δικο9 αυτή η αξι 
ωσΐ9 ίστ[ιν €ΐ τυχοκν προ9 

50 αλληλ[ου9 οι re αφιστα 
μ€νοι κ[αι αφ ων διακρι 
νοιντο \ισοι μ€ν τη γνω 
μηι ον[τί9 και εύνοια 
αντι[παλοι δ€ τη ι πάρα 
ΙΟ lines lost 



9. I 



I. TrXfiovs α]ποπ(μπ€ΐ : πλ. άποπίμπΐΐ των ν(ων MSS. Since αί νη^ς OCCUrred ίη the 

previous sentence, the repetition is unnecessary. 

8-9. Qi^f 1[πλ€υσε : ewXenae MSS. άνανΧΐϊν OCCUrS Only OnCC in Thuc. i. IO4. 2 και 

άναπ\(νσαντ(ς από θαΚάσσης is τον ΝίΓλον, where it implies sailing up Stream. If this was also 
implied here, ΐ'αν|[σιΐ' ey τον Κχ\(\(ύον αν. may have been the reading ; but avt^nXivae may simply 



1623. THUCYDIDES III 199 

mean ' sailed out ', in which case it hardly differs from the simple verb and κατά means ' in 
the direction of or 'off' or perhaps even ' on '. Oeniadae was situated near the mouth of 
the Achelous, surrounded in winter by marshes into which the Achelous flowed (Thuc. ii. 
102, 2), and of which one connected with the Gulf of Corinth according to Strabo, 
p. 459. The ships may therefore have been taken a little way up the river. A compound 
verb has this advantage over the simple one that it is not open to the interpretation ' he 
sailed down the Achelous ', Avhich is inadmissible here; cf. iv. 25. 8 ran μίν νανσ\ nepmXfv- 
aavTfs κατά τον Άκΐσίνην (in Sicily) ποταμον την γην ΐ^ηονν. That avinXtwe here means 
' sailed back ' (Asopius had already passed Acarnania on his way up the gulf to Naupactus) 
is less likely. 

II. to: t6v MSS. Thucydides uses both the masculine and neuter of π€ζός substan- 
tivally 

18-19. a^ro\[eev (ABEFM, edd.) suits the length of the lacuna better than αυ7-ό|[^ι (CG). 
The supposed accent is very doubtful. 

19-20. τίνων?] ων νστ€ρον \[υποσπον8ονί : τινών ολίγων κα\ ΰστ€ρον υπ. MSS. There 

is certainly not room for both τίνων and ολίγων and there is no trace of και, but ων instead of 
being ων might be the termination of τιν]ων or ολιγ^ων with δ before νποσπονδους in 1, 20, 
though the supplement there is quite long enough, ν and ep of νστίρον are fairly certain ; 
the στ is cramped and seems to have been corrected, probably from π, and 5 is not a very 
satisfactory reading, ων is not in accordance with Thucydidean usage in this context, και 

varepov υποσπόνΒονς being common. 

37-8. ανψρ^ς: SO ABEFM; om. CG, edd. 
41. πολ€μο(! : soCGM, edd.; πολιμίοις ΑΒΈ¥. 

1624. Plato, Protagoras. 

Fr. I 10-5x17 cm. Third century. Plate VI 

(Cols. Ixiii-iv, Ixvi). 

These scanty remains of a roll containing the Protagoras originally consisted 
of about 100 pieces, of which nearly three-quarters have been placed and some 
very minute scraps ignored. The identified fragments, which amount to about 
230 lines in all, are scattered over the latter part of the dialogue from pp. 337- 
57, representing 33 out of the last 71 columns, but none at all completely. 
The upper margin is partly preserved in Cols, ii, xx, xxxv, xxxvii, xlv, Ixi, 
Ixiii-v, the lower in Cols, i, xvi, and Ixiii, showing that each column contained 
37 or 38 narrow lines of 10-17 letters, usually 12 or 13. The writing is a hand- 
some specimen of the now well-known third -century type of uncials approximating 
to that of the early biblical codices ; cf. 1365. int. Like 1017 {Phaedrns), 1624 
is remarkable for the presence of many corrections or alternative readings, which 
have been inserted in a different and cursive hand. These seem to have been 
written somewhat later in the third century than the scholia in 1241, but to be 
contemporary with the scholia in P. Grenf. ii. 12, the main text in those two 
papyri being in hands very similar to the first hand of 1624, which is 
probably not later than the middle of the century. Iota adscript was written. 



200 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

so far as can be judged. Paragraph! were employed by the first hand, but in 
the four places in which they occur have been placed in brackets by the corrector. 
Stops in all three positions occur, besides double dots marking a change of 
speaker, but in many cases are due to the corrector, who was apparently responsible 
for a breathing in 1. 169 and accent in 1. 285. Wedge-shaped signs for filling 
up short lines, occasional diaereses over t and υ, and probably the accent in 1. 16 
and elision-mark in 1. 227 are due to the first hand. The corrector's omissions, 
apart from the bracketing of paragraph! mentioned above, are indicated in 
11. 114, 272, 589 by a stroke, elsewhere by dots, above the letters in question. 

Papyri of Plato ai'e now fairly numerous, 1624 being the 19th known ; but 
no fragments of the Protagoras have been discovered previously. For this 
dialogue the chief MSS. are Β (the Clarkeanus), Τ (the Marcianus), and W 
(Vindobonensis 54) ; but 1624 happens to cover very few passages in which they 
differ seriously. A mistake of BT is avoided (1. 360), but in 11. 629 and 663 the 
papyrus apparently supports BT against W. In 11. 319 and 43.5 the first hand 
agrees with the reading of W, the corrector with that of BT (in 1. 435 not 
exactly). Some agreements between 1624 and Vaticanus 1029 are noticeable 
(11. 435, 592, 632, nn.) and the text of Stobaeus is supported in 1. 396, so that 
with regard to the existing tradition there is no reason to suppose that 1624 was 
less eclectic than the longer Plato papyri from Oxyrhynchus, 843 and 1016-17. 
In the new readings, which are frequent, the first hand and the corrector usually 
took different views, the only instance in which they agreed upon a hitherto 
unrecorded variant being the insertion of the article before /xe'pet in 1. 288. In 
11. 6, 594, 632, and 637 the corrector has restored the ordinary reading of the 
MSS. by inserting words omitted either intentionally or by inadvertence by 
the first hand ; cf. also 11. 176-7, n. The first hand was not a very accurate 
scribe, to judge by several apparent repetitions of syllables ; cf. 1. 114, n., and 
843 {Symposium), which has numerous mistakes of this character. The most 
striking of the new readings rejected by the corrector is the addition of at before 
Ισαι in 1. 589, a i-eading which had been genei-ally adopted by modern editors 
from a conjecture of Heindorf, but is hardly rendered more convincing. More 
often it is the first hand, not the corrector, who agrees with the MSS. ; cf. 11. 15, 
431, 481, 486, 490, 590, 592, 640, 66^, 666, 672, nn. In several of these places 
there is an obvious difficulty in the ordinary reading, and in 1. 672 the corrector's 
reading had already suggested itself to some of the Renaissance editors of 
Plato as an improvement, while in II. 15 and 640 his readings seem to be 
superior ; but the changes proposed in 11. 592 and 666 ai-e of more doubtful 
value. The other novelties are all of the nature of omissions from the ordinary 
text, in revising which the corrector, presumably on the authority of a different 



1624. PLATO, PROTAGORAS 



20 1 



MS., exhibits an unwonted and perhaps exaggerated tendency to solve difficulties 
by excisions. His text is, however, as a whole distinctly better than that of the 
first hand, and interesting as a specimen of a recension which was probably due 
to some Alexandrian grammarian, and possibly connected with the corrector's 
text in 1017. A proneness to omissions of words found in the traditional text is one 
of the characteristics of the Phaedo and Laches papyri of the third century B. c, 
but these of course differ from the ordinary text much more widely than 1624. 



Col. i (Frs. I. i, 2). 
[Α^Φ Xi {^νν\ου\σ\ια 337 b 

yiyvoLr\o\ i'//e[t]y re 
[y]a/) 01 XeyovTi^ μα 
λιστ αν όντως €Ρ η 
5 μιν T01S ακονον 
[σφ €νδοκιμοιτζ• και 
[ονκ] ζπαίνοισθί' ev 

δοκιμξΐγ τ€ γαρ €σ 
τι πάρα ταΐ9 ψν 
ΙΟ χαίί των [ακ]ονον 
των av[€v] απα 
τ[η9 €παι]ν€ίσθαι 
[δξ] ev λογωί πολλά 
[/ci]? πάρα δο^αν 

ον 

15 [■^ί\υδομζνων' η 337 c 

[/xejiy τ αν οι ακον 

[orre]? μαλιστ α\ν 

[ούτως ζύ\φρα\ινοι 

Λ 6 lines lost 
35 [^^] 7"[οί^ Προδικον 

Ιππ[ίας ο σοφό? €ΐ 

πζν [ω ανδρός e 



Col. ii (Frs. 1. ii, 3-4). 
φη [οι παρόντες η 
γο[υμαι εγω νμας 

i 

40 av[yyiv€is re και 

oi/f[eioyy και πο]λί 

[ray απαν]τας eivai 

[φνσβι ο]υ νομωι• 337 d 

[το yap] ομοιον τωι 
45 ο[μοιω]ι φνσα ^vy 

yct'[es'] ίστιν ο ie 

vop[os\ τύραννος 

ων των ανθρω 

πω[ν'\ πολλά πα 
5ο ρα τη[ν] φνσιν βια 

ζζτ[αι η](ΐα9 ουν 

1—1 

αισ)([ρον] την μζν 

φν[σιν τ]ων πρα 

γ[ματων €ΐ]δ€[ν]αΐ' 

12 lines lost 
67 τον] τ[ο]ν αξ[ιωμα 

τος] α^ιον α[ποφη 

]ν[ασ]θαΐ' αλλ [ωσπ€ρ 337 e 

70 ]roi'[y] φανλο[τατονς 

]των ανθρω[πων 

δια]ρ€ρ€σθα[ι αλ 

ληλο]ις' e[yfu μ^ν 

2 lines lost 



202 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



lo lines lost 
86 t[o κατά βραγυ λι 
αν [ei μη η8ν ΊΊρω 
Tay[opai αλλ 60€ί 
ν[α]ί κ[αι γαλασαι 



Col. Hi (Fr. ι. iii), 

90 ταζ ri[vLa<i tols λο 
33^ a yoLs [iva μεγάλο 

7Γρ([π€στ€ροι και 
ίνσ\[ημον€στ€ 

About 20 lines lost 



Col. ix (Fr, 5). ■ 
[[ΐ'σ[τ€/)θί/]] ovK ορθω9 
115 λ€7[€ί ίίπων ουν 
\f\av\Ta πολλοί? 

Col. xvii (Fr. 7). 

12 lines lost 
167 v[v και ot άλλοι ξγω 

ι— J 

το\ιννν ην S (γω 
a γ (μ[οι 8οκΗ irepi 

170 του α^ισμα^το? \του 
του π^ίρ\α\σομ\αι 
ϋμιν 8ι[ζ'\^€.λ[θ^ιν 
φιλ[οσ]οφία γα[ρ βσ 
τι^ παλαιοτατ[η 

175 '"f '^"■'• ττλζίστη [των 
Ελλήνων [[fa[i]] ^ν 
Κρη[τ]ηι και ev [Λα 
Κ€δα[ι]μονΐ' κα[ι σο 
φισται πλ€ΐστ[οι 

1 8ο γη? €Κ€ΐ €ΐσιν• α[λλα 
ζ^αρνουνται κα[ι 
σ•^ηματιζοντ[αι 
αμαθζΐ? [βφαί* ι[ 
να μη κ[αταδη 

185 λοι ωσιν [οτι σο 

About 7 lines lost 



Col. xvi (Fr. 6). 
339 d About :^6 lines lost 

153 neiv e[i βουλίΐ λα 341 e 

ββιν μ[ου πζίραν 



Col. xix (Fr. 8). 

About 30 lines lost 
342 a 223 [τίσττ;? ωσ]τ6 {φαι 

[ν^σθαι τ^pv π[/3οσ]5ί[α 
225 [λ€γο]μεΓθί' τται 

[8ο? μ]η8€ν β€λτ€ΐ 
[ω του]τ ον[ν] αυτό 
[και των νυν] ζίσιν 
[οί καταν€νο]ηκα 
230 [σι και των π]αλ[αι ο 



342 b 



Col. XX (Frs. 9-1°)• 
231 [τι το λακ]ωνιζ€[ιν 
[τΓολι; μα]λλ[ον €σ 
[τι φιλοσο]φ([ιν η 
[φιλογυμν]ασ[τ(ΐν 
235 [^t8oTe? ο]τι τ[οι 

About 33 li"^s lost 



342 e 



342 



1624. PLATO, PROTAGORAS 



203 



Col. xxiii (Fr. 11). 

269 τ\οντο ye ή:ανζΐη 343 e 

270 av [και ου ^ιμω 

^'[^^^ I I 

^To[. . .]] αλλ vnep 
βα[τεν Set Ceij/ai 
[e]u τ[ωί αισματι 

Col. XXXV (Fr. 13). 
280 [ό]υτ€ Λ|Λαλτ/ο[ί]α9• αλλ[α 347 d 
[a]yrouy eavTois ϊ 
Kavovs oj/Ta9 ivv[ 

[[.]]»/«£ av€V των λη 

{p]a)v re και παιδι- 
285 ων τούτων δια 

της ζαυτων φω 

νης XeyovTus τ€ 

και ακούονται ev τω[ί 

/ί€/)€ί βαντων κο 
290 [σ]μιωs' [ι<]ο[^] τταΐΊ' 

[7Γθλ]ι/[ΐ' οινο]ν ττιω 

About 26 lines lost 



Col. xlvi (Frs. 18-19). 
[απο τζ\γνης y[iyfe 351 a 

395 \ται α]νθρωποίί• και 
[απο θνμο]υ ye και 
[απο μανια]^ [ωσ] 

Col. Ιίχ (Fr. 21). 
About 27 lines lost 
428 ταΙ[ηλον (σται e 355 b 

αν μ[η πολλοί? ο 



Col. xxxi (Fr. 12). 
275 [ί^οΐ] τ[ων γαρ ηλι 346 c 

θιων [απζίραν ye 
ΐ'€^λ[α ωστ n τΐ9 
)(aipe[i ψζγων €μ 
πλησ[θ€ΐη αν e 

Col.'^xxxvii (Fr. 14). 
318 [ποΐ€ΐν ο]υκ e^e 348 b 

[λωΐ' etre 5]ωσ€ί[[ΐ']] [λο 
320 [γον fire] μη 6[ία 
[σαφςιν (]μοι. [γ]α[ρ 

About 34 lilies lost 

Col. xlv (Frs. 15-17). 

356 γαρ [ei] ουτ[ω ματιών 350 d 

epoio μ€' ([ι ισγυροι 

[δ]ννατοι ^[ισι φαι 35° e 

[η]ν αρ['] €π[€ΐτα 
360 [ei] οι €πισταμ[ζνοι 

[π]αλαΐ€ΐν δν[να 

[τωτ]€ροι ζίσι τα)[ν 

[μη €πισταμ]€ν[ων 

About 30 lines lost 

Col. Ivii (Fr. 20). 
398 κο]υσι[ν ξφη ο 354 d 

]Πρω[ταγορα9 αλ 
400 λο] τ[ι ονν πάλιν 

Col. Ixi (Fr. 23). 

477 [f^i-y• "^^^ αγαθών 355 d 

[τ]α κακά• η άξιων: 
φησομζν δηλον ο 



204 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



430 νομα[σι χ /oau/ze^a 

Ι[α/)α]] η8^\ι re και a 
νιαρωι [και αγαθωι 
και κα[κωί αλλ e 
πβι8η [δυο βφανη 

και [ 

435 ταντα δ[υοιι^ ονο 

^ονο^μα^σί ττροσα-γο 
ρζ[νωμ(ν αυτά 
π[ρω]τ[ον pev αγα 

Col. 1χ (Fr. 22). 
5 lines lost 
[p€U ΟΤΙ γΐγν]ωσ 
445 [k(ou ο ανθρχπ]ο9 
[τα κακά οτι κ]α 

About 30 lines lost 



355 c 



480 τι ατΓοκρινομίνοι 

[[[°'"]']1 ^^'^ α^ιων ον 
[τθ3\ν• ου yap αν €ξη 
[μα]ρτανβι/ ον φα 
[/ze]i/ ηττω etvai 

485 [τα)]ν ηδονών: κα 

[τα τί] δζ φησ-Η [[ϊσω?]! 
[ανα]ξια βστί ταγα 
[θα τω]ν κακών η 
[τα κα]<α τω[ν α]γα 

490 [θων] [[ί;]] κα[τ αλλ]ο τι 
[η όταν] τα [/xef] μ€ΐ 
[ζω τα δβ σμικροτ]€ 

About 23 lines lost 



Col. Ixii (Fr. 24). 

About 20 lines lost 
535 ^oy κ[αι ηδξο? και 356 a 

λ]νπηρ[ον μων a 
λ]λωι τω[ι φαιην 
α]ν €γωγ[€ η ηδο 

About 13 lines lost 

Col. Ixiv (Fr. 25. ii). Plate vi. 
και ai φωναι [[at]] ϊ 35^ c 

590 σαι ζ-γγυθ^ν [[/uei/]] 
μ€ΐζους πορρωθ^ν 

«λαττουβ 

^e σμικροτ€ραι]^{Τ[ φαι 
Ε—]] 
ev αν: €ί ονν ev του 35^ d 

C ]] ημίΐν ην 

[[[τοι/]]τωί] το (υ πρατ 



Col. Ixiii (Frs. 25• i, 26). Plate vi. 

552 [(5ea ιστηις]. τα μα 356 b 

[^ω aei καϊ\ πλ^ιω 

[ληπτ€α €α]ν δβ 
555 [^νπηρα np]os λύπη 

[ρα τα €λαττ]ω και 

[σμικροτ€ρα] €α[ν 

About 22 lines lost 
580 [κριν]ασθ€ φη[σω 35^ c 

[φαιν]ΐΕται ϋμ[ιν 

[τηι] οψίΐ τα [αυτ 

[μ€γ€θ]η (γγυ6[€ν 

[μ€ν μ]ξΐζω. π[ορ 
585 [ρωθ^ν] δ€ €λατ[τω 

[η ου φ]ησουσι: κ[αί 

[τα παχ]€α και τ[α 



1624. 

595 [τ^ιν e]y τωι τα μ€ν 
[μζγαλ]α μήκη [ 
[και 7Γρατ]τ€ΐν [και 

About 28 lines lost 



PLATO, PROTAGORAS 

σ 
[τΓολλα] ωαντ[ως 



'θ5 



Col. Ixv (Frs. 27, 28. i, 29-32). 
626 πι τωι α[λ]77^€ί κα[ι 35^ e 

eaccaev [αν] τον βί[ον] 

[αρα αν ο]μολογοί 

[ev ανθρ]ωποι npos 
630 [τα]υτα τ][μ]ας την 

[μζ]τρητ[ικ]ην σω 

αν 

[ζ€ΐ]ν Τ€χΐ'[77ϊ'] η αλ 
[λην τ]τ:[ν μ^]τρη 
[τικη]ν ω[/χο]λογ6ί: 

^35 [τ'-] ^ ^^ ^^ "^[ν^] ^of π€ 
[ρ]ιττον κα[ι αρ]τιον 

ην 

αιρ€σ€ΐ η[μι]ν η σω 
τηρια [του βιο]υ ο 
[ποτ€ το πλ€ον ο]ρθω5 



Col. Ixvi (Fr. 28. ii). Plate vi. 
663 [7r]ei5[7; <5e η8ονη9 357 a 

re κα[ι λυπηί ev op 
665 θηι [[r77[t]] aipeaei ζφα 

V 

νη η[μιν η σωτη 
ρια το[υ βιον ούσα 
τον τ[€ πλ€ονο9 και 
€λαττ[ονο9 και μ€ΐ 
6'jo ζονος [και σμικρό 
Tcpov [και πόρρω 

ου 

T€pcc[i και eyyvTe 

ου 

ρωι• αρ[α πρώτον 
μ€γ ο[υ μζτρητι 

About 25 lines lost 



640 e<5e[i ζλζσθαι] και ο 










ποτ[β το ξλατ]τον η 






Fi•• 33- 




αυτό προ? Ε[α]υτο• η 
τ[ο €]τ€ρον π[ρ]θ9 το 
[€Te]pov' €ΐτ [ejyyuy 
6^5 ["TJe πόρρω [€ΐ]η τι 

About 17 lines lost 




7οο 
Ϊ05 


]υτ[ 
]θαι.[ 

].ηδη.[ 
]λα...[ 

]ω ουν [ 




Fr. 34. Fr. 35. 


Fr. 


36. 


Fr. ^τ. 


Fr. 38. 


707 ]σα[ "J 11 ]σα[ 

ΐμ[ in 


715 ]• 

]μ 


[ 


720 ]αίΐ'[ 


722 ]λι/π[ 



2o6 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



].6[ 


]χ.[ 




]'ri 




Ύ 


]ουτ[ 


710 ^V 7γ[ 


]γ[ 




]V^ 




V9V 




Fr. 39. 


Fr. 40. 




Fr. 41. 




Fr. 42. 


Fr. 43• 


725 ]ην[ 


728 ]7Γ.[ 


731 


]^[ 




]ra.[ 


736 Ιλτ; 


]του[ 


730 ]ur[ 






735 




]κψ 


Fr. 44. 


Fr. 45• 




Fr. 46. 




Fr. 47. 


Fr. 48. 


738 ]σ.[ 


740 ]..[ 


742 


]?; /Ctti . [ 




>•[ 


746 ].ω[ 


]<^[ 


](τθα[ 




]...[ 


745 


]οσί[ 


]^«.[ 



6. και: SO MSS. 

7. ίπαινοισθΐ : SO Β, edd. ; enaive'iaOf with Superscribed ot T. 

8. μβμ : so MSS. ; τ£, the reading of the first hand, is probably due to a reminiscence 
of 1. 2. It is not quite certain that he wrote [5e] rather than [re] in 1. 13. 

15. [ψ(]ν8ομΐνων : SO MSS. except Vat. 1029 (^(νδομένω). The corrector's reading 
ψΐν^όμίνον, which is passive, not middle, and refers to the subject of the infinitives, brings 
out the antithesis between (ν^οκιμΐΐν and ίπαινύσθαι more clearly, and is likely to be right. 

40. συ[γγΐν(ΐς SO BT. Elsewhere (11. 45 and 282) the first hand uses the ξ -form, 
which the corrector preferred here. 

69-71. The fragment containing ]!/[, ]rov[, and ]Γω[ is not certainly placed here, and 
the division of lines is doubtful throughout 11. 67-73. 

89. κ\αι χάλασαι : these words were bracketed by Cobet. 

114. [[υσ[τ6ροι/]] : this word is in the MSS. and can hardly be dispensed with. It may 
well have been omitted here by the corrector because it was written twice over (cf. 11. 271-2, 
436, 593-4, nn.); but the preceding words are corrupt in BT (ήγοίτο Trorepov instead of ήτοι 
TO TrpOTtpov) and may have been equally corrupt in 1624, in which case the omission 
of νστ€ρον is possibly part of an extensive alteration. 

169. y f μ[οι : so some edd. since Bekker ; but ye μ[οί (BT, Burnet) can of course be 
read equally well. 

173-4. ίσ]τί : so Τ ; fOTTii/ B, like the corrector. 

176-7. [[κα[ι]] €p\ Κρη[τ]ηι : iv K. re MSS. The corrector may have added τ? after (v, 

180. a\\\a makes the line rather long, but the division ηλλ' j i^apv. would be unusual. 
Cf. 1. 280. 

223-4. Fr. 45 might be placed here, [Tia]rj;[s and [ΐ'6]σ^α[4 being possible. 

271-2. The MSS. have nothing between Σψων'ώον and <1λλ'. Possibly αλλ υπερ/3ατοί' 
was written twice by mistake; cf. 1. 114, n. 

281. (αντοις \ avTois BT. Cf. 1. 286, n. 

283. The letter before vm is almost entirely lost, but has clearly been crossed through, 
and there seems to be a letter above the line, so that it is not satisfactory to suppose that the 
corrector simply altered the division ξυν\ΐΐναι., Avhich is legitimate but rather unusual, to 
ξνν(ΐ\ναί. No variant is known here. 

286. eavTdnv : αυτών Β, edd. J αυτών Τ. Cf. 1. 281, η. 

288-9. ei/ τω[ι| /xepei : om. τωι MSS. The article is sometimes inserted, sometimes 



1624. PLATO, PROTAGORAS 207 

omitted, in this phrase by Plato; cf. Gorg. 462 a iv τω μίρ(ΐ ερωτών re κα) (ρωτωμ^νος with 

496 b αλλ' iv μίρΐΐ οΐμαι eKaTtpov και λαμβάνΐΐ. και άπολλυίΐ. 

3ΐ9• 5]iJffit[[y]l : δώσίί ΒΤ rightly ; δώσβ»» W. 

357• 'σχυροι (Β) suits the probable length of the lacuna better than 01 ισχυροί (Τ, edd.). 

360. [it] ot : so t, edd. ; oiei Β ; oUt T. 

396. ye : so StobaeUS, Burnet ; re BTW, Schanz. Cf. από μανίας ye κα\ θνμοΐ) a few 

lines before 1. 394, where Wt Stobaeus have -ye, and BT re. 

397. [ατΓο μ.ανια]ς \ the s is fairly certain, and the length of the lacuna does not suit the 
restoration [μανιαί ω]σ[τί, omitting αττο in accordance with Naber's conjecture. 

398-400. The division of lines inithis fragment is quite uncertain. 
431. l.apa-1: apa BTW; αμα a corrector of the Coislinianus, Burnet. The difficulty 
is caused by the late position of apa in the sentence. 

435. h[voiv: so W, Vat. 1029 ; BT agree with the corrector in adding και, but place it 
after instead of before bvolv. BT's order seems preferable. 

436. [[οι/ο]]μα[σι : probably ovo had been written twice by the first hand; cf. 1. ii4,n. 
436-7. ^τpoσayo]\pi[υwμ€v : SO edd.; προσαγορίύομ^ BTW. Line 437 is already rather 

short (11 letters), and the substitution of ο for ω, though possible, is not satisfactory. 
pf[voptv αυτά πρω\τ[ον] p[ev is inadmissible, for, though r could be read instead of ττ, the only 
alternatives to the τ of π[ρω]Γ[οί/ are y and π. 

444-6. The position assigned to this fragment is far from certain. 

481. |[[or]i]]: the corrector omitted this word, which is in the MSS., presumably 
because {8ηλον) οτι had occurred in 11. 479-80; cf. int. 

486. [[ϊσωί]] : this word is in the MSS., but can be dispensed with. 

490. [[t;]] : the omission of this Λvord is distinctly an improvement, if ^ (so MSS. and 
edd.) was meant. This question simply supplies the answer to the preceding one κατά τι 8i 
κτλ., and does not introduce a fresh alternative of any kind. If η is retained, η seems 
preferable to ή. 

535-8. The division of lines in this fragment is uncertain. 

582. [τψ] : so MSS. ; there would be room for two more letters in the lacuna. 

588. ωσαντ[ωί : the σ above the line does not seem to be due to the ordinary corrector, 
but it is not quite certainly by the first hand. 

589. laq : ai is not in the MSS., but Heindorf s insertion of it has been accepted by 
practically all editors. The absence of ai can however be defended by supplying οίσαι with 
ϊσαι (cf. Ast's note), and it is not at all clear that the first hand was right, even though there 
is a doubt about the deletion, ai has had dots placed above it, but through these is a 
horizontal stroke, such as is used in 11. 114 and 272 to indicate the deletion of the letters 
below. Seeing that in 1. 592 the corrector has eliminated double dots marking a change of 
speaker not by running his pen continuously through them, but by crossing them out 
separately, we prefer to suppose that the corrector in 1. 589 substituted one mode of express- 
ing deletion for another (possibly for the sake of clearness, owing to the presence of 
a diaeresis by the first hand over the following ι of ι\σαι), rather than that he changed 
his mind about the omission of ai and meant to cross out the dots indicating deletion and let 
at stand, or that this was the meaning of a possible second corrector. The bracketing of 
the paragraphi below 11. 51, 167, 592, and 593 may have been due to a desire on the part of 
the corrector to avoid confusion between paragraphi and horizontal strokes indicatmg 

deletion. u • . • • u 

590. Ιμ^ν-^ : nothing seems to be gained by the omission of this word, which is in the 
MSS., but is not essential. Since the following word began μΐΐ, the intrusion or omission 
of μ€ν would be eas)•. . 

592f σμικροτίραι : SO INISS. exccpt Vat. 1029, which has eXarrovs κα\ σμίκρ., a conflation 



2o8 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

of the alternative readings found here. The corrector's reading iXaTTovs is in accordance 

with μύζω . . . ΐΚάττω in 11. 584-5. 

593-4. The MSS. have d ουν iv τούτω ήμίν ην το κτλ., except Venetus 184, which places 
υυν after τούτω, ημϊν can be dispensed with, but hardly ην. τον\\τωί ην'\ may have been the 
reading of the first hand, but this restoration, even if ην had dots placed above it by the cor- 
rector, fails to account satisfactorily for the position of the insertion ημ,ίΐν ην, and του|[τωι ye] 
is less probable than a mistaken repetition of the syllable τον : cf 11. 114, 436, nn,, and for 
the omission of ην after ημΙν 1. 637, η. 

596-7. The lacuna after μήκη is not very adequately filled by a wedge-shaped sign. If 
μήκη \κ.αι | be read, in the absence of any known variant for μήκη καΙ πράττειν the simplest 
course would be to suppose a mistaken repetition of και : cf. the preceding n. 

627—8. βι\ον\ apa av ο\μο\ο-γοί: OV pOSsibly βί|[θί' ap av ο]μ. 

629. ανθρ\ύποι•. SO BT {ανθ^; οί ανθρ. W, Vat. 1029, Bumet. άνθρωποι may have been 
meant if the first hand omitted 01, which, though probable, is not quite certain. The ω 
of ανθρ'\ωποι apparently projected slightly to the left of the μ ofo]μoλoyoι in 1. 628 and α of 

ημ\ας in 1. 63O. 

632. αν : so BT ; om. Vat. 1029 like the first hand, av is necessary in view of (σωσΐν 
av (1. 627) and (σωζ€ν av (lost in 1. 646). 

637. ην: so BT. ην is indispensable; cf. 11. 593-4, n. 

640. και : so BT. The corrector's reading η, i. e, ή, seems to suit the argument 
better. 

662-3. ί[π]«2[ν 8e: so BT; eVtSeSiy W, Vat. 1209 ; iVel fie δ?7 Burnet, following Adam. 
The vestige before ιδ suits e better than π. 

665. ^τη[ι'^ : τη Bt ; TTTj Τ. Vat. 1029 omits ev in 1. 664, and possibly the first hand or 
the corrector differed there from the ordinary reading (v ορθηι (e. g. by having τηι ορθηι or tv τηι 
ορθηι). The mere omission of τηι in 1. 665 is however more probable. The article can easily 
be dispensed with. 

666. η\μιν•. so MSS. The corrector's reading ίμΊν gains some support from the 
proximity of tuv, & άνθρωποι (1. 662), which introduces the summing-up of the argument, and 
the constant use of the second person plural throughout the dialogue with imaginary objectors 
in pp. 353 sqq. ήμιΊς, however, not νμεΊί, is used in the previous steps of the argument (e. g. 
in 11. 594, 637), and the theory that good and evil ultimately meant pleasure and pain is not 
the starting-point of the opponents of Socrates in this part of the Protagoras, but on the 
contrary is forced upon them by him, so that there was no need for Socrates to dissociate 
himself from his opponents just at this point. 

671-3. πορρω\τ€ρω\ι και eyyvTf\pwi : SO T, and with the omission of the final iotas Β and 

modern edd. ; πορρωτίρον κα\ ^γγυτίρω Aid. (ι 5 1 3); πορρωτίρου και e'yyurepov Basileensis I 

(1534), agreeing with the corrector. Stephanus objected to the coupling of the adverbs 
without an article to the preceding adjectives, but his criticism has been answered (e. g. by 
Stallbaum and Ast) by citing (i) numerous parallels in Plato for the omission of the article 
in enumerations after the first noun, (2) instances of the coupling of adverbs with adjectives 

in e. g. Protag. 356 a ταΰτα δ' eVri μ(1ζω Te κα\ σμικρότΐρα γι-γνόμίνα αλλήλων καϊ πλύω καϊ ίλάττω 
κα) μάλλον καϊ ήττον, Phlhb. 4Ι 6 τι? . . . μΐ'ιζων και t'is ΐλάττων κα\ τις μάλλον κα\ τις σφοδροτίρα 

λύπη. The objection to πορρωτίρον and eyyvTfpov here is that these adjectival forms are in 
general post-classical. Thucydides, however (viii. 96), has bC ('γ-γντάτου ΐθορύβ(ΐ, while 
Xenophon frequently uses iyyvTtpov adverbially, and there is an obvious advantage in 
substituting adjectives for adverbs at this point, so that the corrector's reading is not lightly 
to be rejected on philological grounds alone. 

700-6. It is not quite certain that this fragment belongs to the Protagoras. 

740-1. Cf. 11. 223-4, n. . 



1625. AESCHINES, IN CTESIPHONTEM 209 

1625. AesCHINES, In Ctesiphoiitem. 

32-5 X 25 cm. Second century. 

This fragment of a roll consists of three incomplete columns and a few 
letters from a fourth, covering §§ 14-27 of Aeschines' oration against Ctesiphon, 
written in a clear cursive hand of the second century, probably not later than 
the reign of Hadrian or Antoninus, to which a document found with 1625 
belongs. There were 51 or 52 lines in a column, and 24-30 letters in a line. 
Iota adscript was regularly written, and elision generally avoided. Punctuation 
was effected by paragraphi and high stops. Diaereses are sometimes placed 
over initial t and υ ; accents, breathings, and marks of quantity are rare (11. 53, 
60^, III). That the syllable inserted above the line in 1. 53 is in a different hand 
is not quite certain, and a still greater doubt attaches to the supposed distinction 
of hands in 1. 21. Seven other fragments of Aeschines from Egypt are known, of 
which three (457, 703, and Hartel, Vortrag i'lher die Griech. Pap. Erz. Rainer, 
45 sqq.) belong to different parts of this oration, two (458 and 440 ; cf. Blass, 
Archiv, iii. 293) to the De falsa leg., and two (Nicole, Textes grecs ined. de Geneve, 
pp. 5-12 and P. Halle 6) to the Contra Timarchum. 

The MSS. of Aeschines number about 27, and fall into three main families, 
called by Blass A, B, and C. In this oration A consists of ekl, Β of agmn Vat. 
Laur. Flor., C of dfq Barb, h generally supports A rather than C, ρ usually 
agrees with B. d (loth century) is the only MS. older than the thirteenth century, 
but C, the family to which it belongs, has generally been regarded as inferior 
to the other two, of which A is now usually considered superior to B. The 
untrustworthy character in general of the MSS. has been clearly shown by the 
papyri, most of which present a number of new and better readings, not 
infrequently establishing conjectures. 1625, which is much longer than 457 and 
703 and much older than Hartel's vellum fragments, is a carefully written 
papyrus, and naturally does not fail to make several improvements upon the 
ordinary text. The chief of these is in § 20, where two of the three families 
have an omission and the third, A, is corrupt. Here the papyrus confirms the 
simpler emendations of Lambinus, another early scholar (probably Scaliger), 
and Wolf against the more elaborate changes proposed by later editors (11. 8i-a). 
A gloss which had found its way into the text of all the MSS. in § 15 can now 
be detected and explained with the help of the scholia (1. 19), and a gloss found 
in Β and C, but not in A, in § 24 was absent from 1625 (1. 154, n.). Hamaker's 
conjecture Upa for yk^a in § 18 is confirmed (1. 61), and Cobet's objection to the 
repetition Aeyet . . . φτ^σί in § 21 is justified, though by the omission of φτ/σι, not 

Ρ 



2IO THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

λίγξί, as he proposed (11. 94-5). A passage in § 19, in which the variation 
between present and past participles had caused difficulties, is probably set right 
(11. 69-70). The other new readings mainly concern the order of words (11. 3-4, 
58-60, 97-8, 144-5), ^ lacuna having obscured a variant of some magnitude in 
11. 135-6. In numerous instances evidence is provided for words which recent 
editors have wished to delete, generally in order to avoid hiatus, about which 
1625 (and probably Aeschines) was not more particular than the MSS. The 
general relation of 1625 to them is very similar to that of most other Aeschines 
papyri. A is on the whole supported more frequently than Β and much more 
frequently than C, especially in important points of divergence, there being at 
least 6 agreements with A (or 2 of the 3 MSS. composing it) against 
BC (II. 24, 77, 81-2, 93, 116, 154 sqq.), i or 2 with AB against C (11. 78, 
134?), and 3 or 4 with AC against Β (11. 25, yo, 117; cf. 11. 92-3, where 
most of the Β group and one member of A are on the wrong side). On the 
other hand 1625 agrees with Β against AC in 1. 73, with isolated members of 
Β against all the other MSS. in 11. 62 and 131, and with BC against A at least 
5 times (11. 22 twice, 52, 53, 120, 187?). C thus comes off the worst of the 
three families in relation to 1625, since it gains no support for any of its peculiar 
readings ; but when C is in combination with A or Β its relationship to 1625 is 
much the same as that of Β in combination with A or C, 1625 agreeing with the 
majority in about half the instances in either case, whereas A in combination 
with Β or C is confirmed in 6 out of 7, or (if 11. 62 and 131 are included) 
9, instances. 

Col. i. (Col. ii.) 

[ται ray χ6ίροτον[ί7ταν φησι^^' apyas 14 koll κοινηί τα γ^νη Ενμολπιδας και 

[άπασαν evi π€ρί]λ[αβων ονολματί 65 Kr^pvKas καιτου^ α\\ου^ απαντα$\/\ιτα ι^ 

[ο νομοθέτη? κα]ί προ\σ€ίπωι/ απ]ασας λιν τους τριήραρχου? υπευθύνου? et 

\αργα? eivai α]ς ο δη[μο9 χ€ΐροτ]ον€ΐ ναι KeXevei ο ι/ομος['] ο'\υ] τα κοινά δια 

5 [και τον? 67Γίστα]τα9 ^ϊ/ισί των δη]μοσι χβιρισαντα? ονδ απο των νμζτ^ρων 

\ων €ρΎων ζσ\τιν δ€ ο ' Δημοσθί'νη? προσόδων πολλά μ^ν νφη ρήμωναν? 

[τίίχοποίος €]πιστα[τη9 του μ^γΟστου jo βραχ€α δί καταθ^ντα? ίπιδιδοναι 

[των βργων κ]αι πα[ν]τα[? όσοι διαχζίρι \δ]ξ φασκοντα? αποδίδοντα? δ€ ν 

[ζουσι τι των τη]? πολζ[ω? πλ^ον η τρι [Η-'-]Υ ί^<^ νμ€]τ€ρα• αλλ ομολογούμε 

ΙΟ [άκοντα ημ€ρ]α?' και οσο[ι λαμβανον [νω? τα? πα]τ[ρχι]α? ουσία? ei? την πρ[ο]? 

[σιν ηγεμονία]? δικαστη[ριων οι δε [νμα? ανηλωκοτ]α? φιλοτιμιαν ου τοι 

[των έργων ε]πισταται πα\ντε? ηγε 75 [^"^ μόνον οι τριηραρχ]οι άλλα και τα με 

[μονιαι γρωντ]αι δικαστηρίου τι του [γιστα των εν τ]ηι [πολει συνε]δριων 



1625. AESCHINES, IN CTESIPHONTEM 



211 



[tovs KeXeuei] noieiv ov διακονην 15 
15 [αλλ αργζΐν δο]ι<:ιμασΘ€ντα9 ey [τ]ωί 
[δικαστηριωι €]π€ΐδη και αι κληρ[ωτ]αί 
[αρχαι ουκ αδο]κιμασ[τ]οι• α\λα δοκιμασ 8ο 
[θίΐσαι αργουσι κ\αί Χογον και ^νθν 
[να9 €γγραφ€ΐγ προς τους [[ϊ•]] λογισ 
20 [τα9 καΘαπ€ρ κ]αι τα? αλλάς αργας 

ΤΙ 
[κ^λζνβι ΟΤΙ 8]e αληθ'^ξς ?]]] λέγω τους νο 

[μους αυτούς υ]μιν avayvoaaeTai• 

[ νομ\οι 

\οταν τοινυν ω aj/ipejy Αθηναίοι 1 6 

2 5 [ay ο νομοθέτης αρχάς] ονομάζει 

26 lines lost 



Col. ii, 
[φ]€ροντα' €V γαρ τα[υ]τηι [τ]ηι π[ολ]€ί ου 1 7 

αι 

[τω]ς αργαι ουσηι και τηλικαυτη[ι τ]ο μ€ 
γ^θος ονδξΐς βστιι/ ανυ[τΓ]€υθυνος 

55 τ'^'^ και οπωσονν προς τα κοινά προσ 
ξ,ληλνθοτων• διδάξω δ υ[μ]ας πρώτον 1 8 
€πι των παράδοξων οίον τους Ϊ€ρ€ΐς 
και τας ΐ€ρ€ίας υπ€υ[θ]υνονς €ΐναι ο νο 
μος Κ€λ€υ€ΐ' και συλλήβδην παντας' 

6ο και χωρίς έκαστους κατά σώμα' και τους 
τα i'[e]pa μόνον λαμβάνοντας και τας 
ίυχας τας υπ^ρ ημών προς τους θίους 
€υχομ€νους' και ου μόνον ϊδιάι άλλα 



85 



9θ 



95 



[υπο την των δικ]αστων €[ρχξ]ται ψη 
[φον πρώτον μζν] γαρ τη[ν βου]λην την 2 ο 
[ev Αρζίωι παγωι] €[γ]γραφ[ξΐν] προς τους 
[λογιστας ο νομο]ς κ€λ[ζυ€]ι λογον 
[και ξυθυνας διδοναι] και τον e/c[ei] σκυθρω 
[πον και των] μβγιστων [κυριο]ν αγβι 
[υπο την υμΐτβραν ψηφον ου]κ a[p]cc στ€[φα 
[νωθησ€ται η βουλή η e^ Apeio]y πάγου 
[ουδζ γαρ πατριον αυτοις €στίν] ουκ α 
[ρα φιλοτιμούνται πάνυ ye αλλ ουκ αγ]α 
[ΐτωσιν €αν τις παρ αυτοις μη αδικη]ι 
[αλλ eav τις ίξαμαρτανηι κ]ολαζου 
[σιν οι δ€ υμ€Τ€ροι ρητορξς τ]ρνφω 
[σι πάλιν την βουλην τους π€ν]τα 
[κοσιους υπ^υθυνον πζποιη]κ€ν ο νο 
[μοθβτης] και ουτ[ως ισχυρώς] απισ 2 1 
[τ6ί τοις υπ]ζυθυνοις ωστ€ €υθυς αρ 
[χομζνος] των νομών λξγ€ΐ' αρχήν 
[υπ^υθυνον μη απο]δτ)[μζΐ]ν ω Ηρακλίΐς 
[υπολαβοι αν τις οτι ηρ^α μη α\ποδη 
[μησω ινα ye μη προλαβων τη]ς πα 
[λβως χρήματα η πρα^€ΐς δρασ]μωι 
[χρησηι πάλιν υπβυθυνον ου]κ e 
[αι την ουσιαν καθιβρουν ουδβ ανα]θη 
[μα αναθίΐναι ουδζ €κποιητον] ye 
[I'eσ^αί ουδζ διαθβσθαι τα €αυ]τον 



Col. iii. 
ονδζ άλλα [τΓολλα• evi 5e λογωι €ve 
χυραζί[ι ο] γ[ομοθ€της τας ουσίας των 
Ι05 υπευθύνων €ως [αν λογον αποδωσιν 

τηι πολΐΐ' ναι α[λλ €στι τις άνθρωπος ος 2 2 

οντ€ €ΐληφΐ[ν ουδίν των δημοσίων 



προφασιουν[ται μ^χρι δ^υρο ζίρησθω 
μοι• [ο]τι δ[€ όντως ην υπεύθυνος ο Δη 
μοσθΐν[ης oTe ούτος €ΐσηνζγκ€ το 
ψηφι[σμα άρχων μ(ν την αρχήν την ? 

145 €7Γΐ τω[ι Θίωρικωι άρχων 5e την 



Ρ 3 



212 



THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 



ovT€ αναλωκ[€ προσήλθα Se προ9 

TL των κοίνω[ν και τούτον απόφεραν 

Ι ΙΟ /ceXei/ei Xoy[ov ττ/οο? rot's Χογιστα^ 

και πω? ο ye μ[η8ζν λαβών μη8ζ ανα 
λωσα? αποισ[€ΐ λογον] ττ)ΐ π[ολ€ΐ' αντο9 150 
νποβαλλζΐ κα[ί δι8α]σκ[ζΐ ο νομο9 α γ^ρη 
γραφζίν K€Xe[vei] γαρ αντο τ[ουτο] ζγ[γρα 

115 Φ^ΐ-^ OTL ον[τ€ €]λα(3[ον ov6]ev των της 
τΓολβω? [ovTe αΐναλωσα αννπβνθν 
[ν]ον [S]e και αζητητον και ανξ^ζτα\σ\ 
το[ν'\ ovdev €στιν των ev [τη]ι πολεί* ο 
τι δι αληθή λ€γω αυτών ακουσατβ 

Ι20 των νομων['] 
νομοί 
όταν τοινυν μαλ[ι]στα θρασννηται 23 185 
Δημοσθένης λ^γ[ω]ν ως δια την €πιδο 
σιν [ον]κ €στιν νπ€υ[θννος] eKeivo αν 

125 τ(^['• νπ]οβαλλξΤ€• ον[κ ον]ν ^χρην ere' 
ω Αημοσθζνζς €ασ[αι τον] τ[ω]ν λογισ 
των κήρυκα κηρ[υ]^α[ι το π]α[τρ]ιον και 
βννομον κήρυγμα τ[ουτο] τις βουλί 
ται κατηγορζΐν €ασ[ον αμ]φισ•βητησαι 

130 σοι τον βουλομ[€νον των] π[ολ]ιτων 
ως ουκ €πιδ6[δωκας αλλ απο] πολ 
λων ων €\€ί[ς €ίς την των Τ€ίχω]ι/ 
οικοδομ[ιαν μικρά κατβθηκας δ^κα τα 
λαντ[α €ΐς ταύτα €κ της πολξως ξίλη 

135 φ(>>^' μη [άρπαζα την φιλοτιμιαν 

λου' μη[δ€ βξαιρου των δικαστών τας ψη 
φους €Κ τ[ων χξίρων μηδ€ (μπροσθ^ν 
των νομ[ων άλλα νστβρος ηολιτίυον 
ταύτα γα[ρ ορθοί την δημοκρατιαν προς 24 
140 μ€ν ουν τ[ας κ^νας ? προφάσεις ας ούτοι 



των τ€ΐ[χ^οποιων ουδ€Τ€ρας 8e πω 
των αρ)([ων τούτων λογον υμιν ου 
δ €υθνν[ας δβδωκως ταυτ ηδη nei 
ρασομαι \υμας διδασκίΐν €κ των δη 
μοσιων γ[ραμματων' και μοι αναγνω 
θι €7Γί τίνος [άρχοντος και ποιου μηνός 
και €v τινι [ημ€ραι και €v ποιαι €κκλη 
σιαι €χ€ΐρο[τονηθη Δημοσθένης 
την αρχήν [την βπι τωι θξωρικωι 

Col. iv. 

28 lines lost 
ψα[ι στ€φανωσαι• ως τοινυν και την 27 
τω[ν τ€ΐχοποιων αρχήν ηρχ€ν οθ ου 
το[ς το ψήφισμα ξγραψζ και τα δήμο 
σια [χρήματα δΐξχ€ΐριζ€ και ίπιβο 
λα[ς €πeβaλλe καθαπ^ρ οι άλλοι 
αρχ[οντ€ς και δικαστηρίων ηγ€μο 

1 8 lines lost 



3. ο νομοθΐτψ, which must have stood in the lacuna, was bracketed by Weidner 



1625. AESCHINES, IN CTESIPHONTEM 213 

and Blass. Whether 1625 had προ[σ€ΐ.ττων with most MSS. and edd., or ττρο[(ΐ.π(ύν with dnq, is 
uncertain. Cf. §17, where BC have ττροσίΐπΰν, A rightly προΗπΰν. 

3-4. απ]ασας \ [αρχάς : αρχάς άπάσας MSS. Probably 1625 is right, and the reading of 
the MSS. is due to the influence οι αρχάς άπάσας in 11. 1-2. 

6-7. [Αημοσθ€]ι>ης was bracketed by Schanz and Blass, while after τβιχοποως Halm 
inserted ων, for which there is not room here. 

8. πα[ΐ']Γο[ί : so most MSS. and edd. ; but πο[ι/1τί[ί could be read with e. 

18. και ΐνθνίνας was bracketed by Dobree and Blass. 

19. προς τους [[ϊ .]] λογισ[τας : προς τον γραμματία και τους λογιστάς MSS. ; cf. Schol. Β (οη 
the margin of a printed book ; source unknown) γραμματέα Xeyei τ6ν ΐΐωθότα iv τω κοινώ τά τοΰ 
Βημον γράμματα άναγινώσκ(ΐν, and Schol. gm Vat. Laur. λογιστής ίκάστης φνλης efs•.' γραμματέα 8e 
€καστοι ίίχον. Xeyet ο^" "ί"' "τον των λογιστών, άλλως• άρχοντας ήσαν δίκα ηρημίνοι καλοΰμ€νοι 

Χογισταί . . . The omission of τ6ν γραμμάτια και in 1625 brings this passage into line with 

11. 79-80 ί[γ]7ραφ|^€ΐί/] π /jos• τονς\λογιστας and IO9-IO αποφ€ρΐΐν\ κΐλ(υΐΐλογ\ον προς τους λογιστας, 

where the MSS. equally ignore the γραμματΐίς. The scholia do not really support the 
longer reading. The logistae no doubt had γραμματύς, but the order of the words and the 
use of the singular γραμματέα show that these are not meant here, while the explanation of 
Schol. Β is not at all convincing, for the γραμματείς who read the laws, &c., in the assembly 
Avas quite a different kind of official from the λογισταί, and not likely to have been specially 
concerned with eu^iiOt. A comparison of 1. 22 αναγνώσίται (sc. 6 γραμματ€ΰς) with § 124, 
where most MSS. have άναγνώσΐται υμίν 6 γραμματεύς (ανάγνωθι Blass with e), indicates that 
Schol. Β has been misplaced, and really refers to 1. 22, while τ6ν γραμματέα και in the MSS, 
at 1. 19 is a corruption arising out of this very scholium or one like it owing to a mistaken 
idea that τον γραμματέα occurred in the text about this point, the accusative case suggestino- 
1. 19 as a suitable point for the insertion of the words with καί to restore the construction. 
With regard to the deletion before λογιστας there were, as the scholium states, 10 of these 
officials ; but it is unlikely that a second-century scribe would place a diaeresis instead of a 
stroke above ι (which is fairly certain), if it meant 10, and he seems to have written or begun to 
write another letter after ϊ, though it is not clear how much ink belongs to a stroke of deletion. 

21. κΐλενει, which must have stood here, is deleted by several editors, but not by 
Blass. 

αληθή : of the supposed η above the line only a vertical stroke remains, and the cor- 
rection may be due to the first hand : the nature of the original reading is still more 
doubtful. 

22. αυτούς υ^μιν: SO BC J ύμίν αυτούς A, Blass. 
αναγνωσεται : SO BC, BlaSS ; άναγνωτΐ A. Cf. 1. 1 9, n. 

23. νομ]οι: SO most MSS. and edd.; νόμος a; om. ep Vat.^ 

24. ανδρε^ς: SO A, Blass ; om. BC. 

25. ας ο νομοθέτης αρχάς] ονομάζει j [ούτοι : SO AC, BlaSS ; ό μεν νομοθ. αρχάς ύνομάζτ] ούτοι 

δε Β, Schukz. 

52. εν : εύ kl. 

5.3• αρχαιαι : SO MSS. ; αρχαία (τ) Blass, to avoid hiatus. 

τηλικαντη[ι ; SO BC, BlaSS ; τοσαύττ) A. 

55. και : om. Ip Vat. προς : εις p. 

57. otoi' : ots p. ϊερεις : SO MSS. ; iep/ar edd. 

58-9. ο νομός κελεύει : κελ. 6 vou, MSS. Cf. 11. 66-7, η. 

59• παντας : απαντάς MSS. 

60. και τους : om. κα\ MSS. 

61. '{ε\ρα•. SO Hamaker; γέρα MSS., Blass. The top of the t is lost, but one of the 
two dots is visible. Ιερά is no doubt right, the point being that priests got no public money. 



214 THE OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI 

The confusion was easy ; cf. the spellings \(μη and Τίμη for ihe same Oxyrhynchite village 
(1285. 98 and 1444. 34) and eiyipov for upou in P. Weil vi. 6. 

μόνον : so most MSS., Blass ; μόνα ag Vat,, Laur. 

62. τας : om. MSS. ημών. SO a; ν/χώί/ the rest, Blass. 

64. τα : so most MSS., Blass; κατά hm γρ. 

65—6. παΧιν : κα\ πάΧιν q. 

66—7• (ivai neXevei : KtXevtc eivai ρ Vat. Cf. 11. 58-9, n. 

67-8. διαχΐφισαντας : the last α is corr. from f. 8ίαχ(ΐρίζοντας some edd., but cf. 
11. 69-70, n. 

69. προσόδων was bracketed by Bake and Blass. 

69—7^• ''^φίΡνΗ-^'Όνί . . . καταθ(ντας : νφαιρονμίνους . . . καταθίντας AC ', ΰφαιρονμίνονί . , . 

κατατιθίντας Β, Blass. Probably 1625 is right, and the reading of Β is an emendation of 
that of AC, Avhich is a corruption of the papyrus text. 

70-1. emStSoi/ai [6]e : SO MSS.; οΐ'δ' επίδίδόι/αι /xeV Blass. 

73. Tas πα]τ[ρωι]α9 : SO B, Blass ; for Toi/s τάς ττατ. (AC, exccpt d) there is not room. 

77. 8οκ]αστων•. SO kl ; δικαστηρίων the rest, Blass. 

78. την: so AB, Blass; om. C. 

81. δίδοναι, which must have stood here, was deleted by Cobet, but not by Blass. 

81—2. και τον ««[ft] σκυθρω^πον και των^ μέγιστων ^κνριο^ν ayfi: SO Orelli, Baiter and 

Sauppe, Simcox {τυν . . . σκνθρωπον Lambinus and marg. Bern. ; ayei Wolf) ; κ. των €κύ 

σκυθρωπών κ. τ. pey. κνριον ayeiv Β ; om. AC ; κ. την (Κ, σκνθρωπον . . . κνρίαν ayei Wolf, Reiske, 

Bekker, and, \vith Άγων instead of ayfi to avoid hiatus, Blass ; cf. int. There is not room for 
[κυρια]^ in 1. 82, even if τοι* in 1. 8i did not require [κύριο jr. 

84. η βουλή η (ξ ApeLo]v πάγου was bracketed by Blass to avoid hiatus. 

92—3. aπισ[τeι τοις νπ](υθυνοις : SO Cahkl Vat. yp., edd. άπαιτ€Ϊ tovs νπ^νθΰνονς egmnp 

Laur. Vat. 

93. (υθυί : SO A, Blass ; ΐνθίω: BC. 

94. Xeyti : this was deleted by Cobet, the MSS. having after ίπΐύθυνον in 1. 95 φησί, 
which was clearly omitted in 1625 and is not necessary. 

αρχήν : this was deleted by Hamaker, while Dobree preferred αρχής. 
97-8. The MSS. have προλαβων χρήματα της πόλ(ωί η πράξεις, from which 1625 clearly 
varied in regard to the position of τψ πόλ(ως and χρήματα, and possibly by the insertion of τά 

after προλαβων. 

1 03-4. €ν(^χνραζί[ι : SO Β ; €νίχνριάζ€ΐ A ; (Vf χαράζει or -pt'f« C. 

104. o] ν^ομοθΐτης τας ουσίας των: SO A; τας ουσίας ό νομοθέτης τας των ^C, Έ\3,88 ; Om. 

ό νομοθέτης Cobet. τ[ας ουσίας can be read in place of o] ν[ομοθετης, but the insertion of τας 
before των would make the line too long, while the omission of ο lO^o^erj/s would leave it too 
short, so that A's reading is the most probable, especially since 1625 shows no tendency to 
avoid hiatus. 

105. The supplement is rather short, and perhaps 1625 had άποδίδωσιν with c; 
άποδώσι moSt MSS., BlaSS ; όποδώστ] hq Bern., αποδώσει Vat. Laur. 

1 1 3-1 4. ο νομός a χρη] γραφειν was bracketed by Hamaker and Blass. 

116. ανυπευθν[ν^ον : SO A ; αΐ'ίυ^υι/οΐ' BC, Blass. 

117. αζητητον και ανεξετα[σ]το[ν] : SO AC, BlasS ; άνεξ. κα\ άζήτ. Β. 
Ι20. των νομών : SO BC, Blass ; των t'v τη πόλει Α. 

121. νομοί : so most MSS. ; νόμος 1 ; om. agp Vat. 

124-5. αντω[ι : so most MSS. ; αυτό glm ; om. Blass on account of hiatus. 

127. κήρυκα: κΰριον g. 

131. επιδε[δωκας: SO g; άπεδωκας q; επίδωκας the rest, BlaSS. απο, which must haVC 

Stood in the lacuna, is omitted by ek. 



1625. AESCHINES, IN CTESIPHONTEM 215 

132. ίχεί[ί : so MSS., Blass ; ίΐχ(ς (Bake) is inadmissible. 

134. eis ταύτα (κ της ποΚίως is restored from most MSS., but C omits els and el have 
noKiTfiai for TioXems, while Blass omits (κ, and Bekker reads e/c τών της. The length of the 
lacuna favours the presence of both «i? and f if, but not των as well. 

135-6 |λου : a and μ are the only alternatives to λ, and the lacuna maybe 2 or 

3 letters shorter than as printed, but hardly any longer. The MSS. have nothing between 
φΐΚοτιμίαν and μη^ΐ. An imperative either preceded by μη or governing άρπαζαν (instead of 
αρτταζί) seems most likely, but ε|λοί is not satisfactory. 

1 40. Whether 1625 had koivus Avith the MSS. or Kevas, the generally accepted correction 
of Stephanus, is uncertain. 

144-5. '■'?'' «W?" την?] I eni τα)[ι θεωρικωι: την enl τω θ. αρχήν (MSS., except h iVi των 

θεωρικών) does not suit. την before αρχήν can be omitted from the restoration, but cf. 1. 154. 
Blass proposed eVl τ6 βΐωρικόν in both places, comparing § 25 and avoiding hiatus in 1. 145 ; 
most ]\ISS. in 1. 154 have των θεωρικών (which may of course have been the reading of 1625 
in both places), but cdq have τω θεωρικώ. 

146. 6e is omitted by df, πω by Ap Vat., and it is not certain that both these words 
should be restored. 

153. The restoration is rather short, containing only 16 letters compared with 21 in 
the two lines above (1. 154 may be short for special reasons; cf. n.); and ο may be 
inserted before Δημοσθένης. The loss of it would be easy owing to the hiatus. 

154. After τωί θεωρικωι (ΟΓ των θεωρικών; cf. 11. Ι44~55 ^-^ -^C proceed ΟΤΙ μεσονντα την 
αρχήν εγραψεν αντον στεφανονν άναγίνωσκε (αναγινώσκετε SOme MSS.) διαλογισμός τών ημερών. 

{biaX. τ. ήμ. οτΏ. Β), while of the A group e has only ψήφισμα (so Blass) and kl omit the 
title as well as the preceding sentence. oVt . . . άναγίνωσκε was deleted by Bekker and 
subsequent editors as a gloss, but some retain διαλογισμό? τών ήμερων as the title. Allow- 
ing for a title at the top of Col. iv corresponding to 1. 121, there is certainly not room 
for more than 27 lines of continuous text, and there may have been only 26, so that 
it is practically certain that the gloss was omitted by 1625, as in A. 

187. The papyrus may have had καθαπερ και οι άλλοι with C, but is unlikely to have 
omitted άλλοι with A. 



INDICES 



(π = the papyrus in question.) 
I. NEW THEOLOGICAL FRAGMENTS. 



Άβελ 1600. 2 2. 
nyyeXos 1603. 12. 
aytiv 1600. 57- 
ayioy [1601. 4•] 

άδ€λφ(5ί 1600. 2 2?; 1602. 29. 

αθεράπευτο? 1603. 21. 
αιδεΓσ(9αι 1603. I 7. 
αι/ια 1600. 38. 
αιώνιος 1602. 29• 
aKoveiv 1602. I. 
αλλά 1600. 1 6. 
aWos [1600. 31.] 
αλλόφυλοι 1602. 9, 15- 
<ϊιΊβ02. 31. 

άναβαίνΐΐν 1601. [2], 8. 

άι/ηιδί7? 1603. Ι5• 

avaipeiv 1602. 24-5• 

αναρίθμητος 1601. II. 

άνδριώτατος 1603. 4• 

&vev [1601. 9] 

άνηρ 1601. 2 4. 

ανομία 1602. 2 7- 

αι;ο/χοί 1602. 2, 7- 

άνοσιώτΐ pas 1602. 8. 

αντί 1601. 34• 

άι-τίδίκοί 1601. 1 3• 

αι/υδροί• 1602. 17- 

από 1602. 5• 

αποβλ€πεΐίΊ600. 17, 21, 33• 

απολλνναι 1601. Ι9• 

άποτίμνίΐν 1603. 1 1 . 

απώλεια [1601. 5•] 

Άράδ {αδαρ π) 1602. 9• 

αριθμός 1601. Q. 

άρΐ'ίοΐ' 1600. 56• 

άτιμάζίΐν 1603. 14 ? 

αϋτόί 1601. [8], 19, 24; 
1602. 5, (ί ^aep.; [1603. 
19.] 



αφιστάΐΌΐ 1602. 5) ^5• 

βασιλεύς 1602. 8. 
βούλΐσθαι 1600. Ι9• 

γάρ 1600. 12, [4ΐ]; 1601. 
4, ιι; 1602. 6; 1603. 

15- 
yi)1601. 3; 1602. 13, 37• 

γΜ/ώσκειι/ 1600. 21. 

γράφΐΐν 1601. 32. 

γραφή [1600. 39•] 

yvi/»7 1601. 29; 1603. ι, et 

saep. 

Δαυείδ [1600. 48•] 

δε 1600. 6; 1601. [12], 2θ, 
27 ; 1603. II, ΐ9• 

δεσ/χευειι; 1603. 9• 
hi] 1600. 4. 

δ7?λοί;ιΊ6θο. 7? ; 1601. 2 1. 

διά 1600. 6, 1 8, 2 2?, 39; 

1603. 2, et saep. 
8ιάβολος 1601. Ι4• 
διδόι/αι 1602. II. 
δίκαιος 1601. 2 0. 
δισσόί 1603. 20. 
διώκειν 1603. 8. 
δόσΐί 1600. 19? 
δΰι/α /nts 1602. 39• 

ear 1600. ι6 ; 1601. 32; 

1603. ΐ9• 
eavTOV 1602. 36. 
€-γώ 1601. 2 3, 3°• W"? 

[1600. 8 ; 1601. 7] > 

1602. 2θ, 36. 
εδαφιΧείΓ 1603. 6. 
ε^ΐΊκόί 1601. 34• 



Wvos 1601. [2], 6, [12], 33• 
ει 1600. Ι9• 

εΓι/αι [1600. 12; 1601. 7]; 

1602. 7, 37• 
εΐΓ 1600. 17, 22-34, [47> 

56]• 

ε'κ, €ξ 1600. 3,5; 1601. 33 ; 

1602. 2, 6, 12. 

(κκΚησία 1601. 33• 
(κττζμττΐΐν 1602. Ι9• 
(κτιθίναι 1600. 2 9• 
€μπροσθίν 1600. 44• 
e'v 1600. [8], 34; 1601. 21, 
26 ; 1602. ιό; 1603. g. 

(ζυνσία 1601. Ο. 
επαγγελλεικ 1602. Ι3• 
επεί 1602. ΙΟ. 

67;ιΊ601. 3, 24-5, 3θ; 1602. 

ι8, 39• 
^πιθνμ{ ) 1601. 33• 

ε'ρείι/ [1603. II.] 
(ρημος 1602. 1 6. 
ΐσχατος 1602. 39• 
en 1602. II. 
evboKia 1602. 34• 
εχειι/ 1603. Ι9• 

€ω5ΐ602. 31 • 

ζην 1602. 2 0. 
ζητί'ιν 1601. Ι5• 

ζωη 1600. [43]. 48. 
Ήλεί 1603. 6. 

fjpepa [1600. 46•] 
Ήσαίαί [1600. 34•] 



θ€Ος 1600. 1 8 
1602. 3, ΙΟ. 



1601. 



2l8 



INDICES 



θρψΐΊν\&0\. 23, 25, 27• 
θρην(ί(ΐν 1601. 2 8. 

if/3fuf 1603. 6, 1 6. 

Ί^σοΰ? 1602. 21, 35. 

"Ισραήλ 1602. 3. 

ισχυροί 1601. [3], 8. 

ίσχυί 1602. 12. 

Ίωά^?;? 1603. II. 

Ιωσήφ 1600. 20 ; 1603. ρ- 

καθήσθίΗ [1601. 30.] 

καιι/οί 1600. ΙΟ, 12, 15, ι8. 

καφός 1602. 40. 

κάκιστης 1603. Ι 8. 

κακόν 1603. 20. 

κακοποθΐΐν 1602. 23. 

κακώς [1600. 32.] 

καρπός 1602. 12. 

κατά 1600. 14, 16; 1601. 

II ; 1802. 21, 26. 
ί(ατίΐ/3άλλε,ι/ 1603. 12. 
καταπίρο,ν 1601. Ι5• 
Kfpavveiv 1601. 1 8. 
κηρνσσΐΐν 1602. 2 Ο. 
κληρονομιά 1602. 28. 
κλήρος 1602. 2 2. 
κόσμος [1601. 6.] 
κρβμαννύναι 1600. 44• 
κύριος 1600. [s], 13, 20, 

40; [1601. 3]; 1602. 4, 

20, 33• 
κυρονν 1602. 32. 

λαμβάνΐΐν \Q0'2. 2 2, 35• 
λαός 1602. 2 4. 

λiy(ιv 1600. 49 5 1601. 1 1, 

25, 29. 
Χΐυίτης 1603. 1 6. 
λί'ωι; 1601. 13- 
λο-γίζ(σθαι 1600. 58. 
λόγοί 1602. 38. 

μακρός 1600. 3, 5• 

μ^ν 1600. 14, [41]; 1601. 

3ΐ• 
μ(ν€ΐν 1602. 30-1 . 
μΐρισμός 1602. 2 2. 

μΐτά 1601. 2 2 ; 1602. ρ, 1 6. 
μίχρι 1602. 3. 



/i-7 1601. 30, 34• 

μυστήριον 1600. Ι3> 20, ^Ο. 
Μωύσης 1600. 2 8, 42 ; 1601. 
32. 

νηστΐΰΐΐν 1601. 28. 
νικητής 1602. 3°• 
νομίζΐΐν 1600. II. 
νόμος 1600. 15- 
νους 1601. 2. 

νΰν 1602. 29• 
νύξ 1600. 46. 

^υρίίι/ 1603. 5• ■ 

όδούί 1601. 13- 
ομοίως 1600. 24-32. 

οπλον 1602. 34• 

όρΰν 1600. 1 8, 43• 

ος 1601. ΙΟ, 25; 1602. 4• 

οσοί 1602. 1 6. 

oWep 1601. 21. 

όστις 1602 2 1. 

ΟΤΙ 1594. 15 ; 1600. ι ; 

1601. [2, 13], 28, [3θ], 
31-2; 1602. 39• 

ου, ουκ 1600. 47; 1602. 5; 
1603. 1 6, 17• ου μΐ7ΐ601. 

30. ουχ ΟΤΙ 1594. 15- 
ουδύς 1603. 1 5- 
ουρανός 1603. 7• 
Ονριος 1603. Ι .' 
ουτοΓ 1601. 6, ΙΙ-Ι2, 22, 34 ') 

1602. 1 8. 

ουτω{ς) 1600. 4 ," 1602. 37- 
οφθαλμός 1600. 45• 

7rfi(9oy 1600. 5• 

παλαιοί 1600. ΙΟ, 12, 1 4. 

πάλη 1601. 8. 
παντοπ\αθής? 1603. ΙΟ. 
παράβασις 1603. 3• 
παράγΐΐν [1603. 3•] 
παραλάμβαναν 1602. 38. 
πα/3ί;^είΐ' 1602. 1 8. 
π5ί 1603. 13-14, 17-18. 
πάσχειν 1600. 32. 
πατάσσ(ΐν 1600. 36. 
τΓβρι 1600. 38. 
πΐριπατύν [1601. Ι4•] 



π^ριτιθίναι 1601. 2 Ο. 
πιττράσκίΐΐ' 1600. 27. 
πιστ(ΰίΐν 1600. 47• 
π'ιστις 1600. 2. 
πλούτος 1603. 1 9• 
πνΐΰμα 1602. 23, 26, 39• 
πνίυματικός 1601. 7• 
πολύς [1600. 37•] 
πονηρία 1603. Ι9• 
πονηρός 1603. 1 8. 
πορνΐύίΐν 1601. 2 9, 3°• 
ποσάκις 1602. Ι. 
πρόβατον 1600. 35• 
Ίτρός 1600. 3?'* 1601. 23; 
1602. 4, ΙΟ, 33; 1603.3• 
προσΐλβνσις 1602. 32. 
προφητίύΐΐν 1600. 42. 
προφήτης 1602. Κ)] 1603. 

ΐ7• 

προφητικός 1600. 39• 
πρώτον 1601. ^1. 

ρίπτΐΐν 1601. 1 8. 
ρύίσθαι 1602. 3• 

σάκκος 1601. 24. 

Σαμψών [1603. 4•] 

σήμΐρον 1600. 7• 

Σολομών 1603. 3• 

σοφώτατος [1603. 2.] 

στρατιώτης 1602. Ι. 

σύ. ύμ€ΐς 1600. 43» 45j 48 ; 

1601. 14 ; [1603. II. J 
σύμφυτος 1602. 33• 
συν^ργΰν 1603. 20. 
σφαγή [1600. 56.] 
σφάζίΐν 1600. 35• 
σφαλλΐΐν 1602. 27. 
σώ^6ΐι/ 1600. 37 ; 1602. 6. 

τάξις 1602. 21. 

ταπΐΐνοφροσύνη 1599. 42• 

τ(λ(ΐοΐιν 1600. 8 ? 

τίταρτος 1601. ΙΟ. 

τηρύν 1602. 4> II• 

τιμάν 1603. Ι 6. 

τίς 1603. II. 

τοίνυν 1600. 19. 

τυ-^χάν(ΐν 1600. 8 ; 1601. ρ• 



1. NEW THEOLOGICAL FRAGMENTS 



219 



τνπος 1600. 6, I γ. 
τνή>\ονν 1603. 5- 

υίοϊ 1601. 5 ; 1603. 6. 
νπίρ 1602. 36. 
ύττό 1602. 24- 
ϋπομίνίΐν 1602. ^ϊ. 
υπότασσαν 1602. Ι4• 

φάναι 1601. 4• 



Φαραώ 1602. 6. 
φί'ώίσθαι 1603. 15? 

φον(ύ(ΐν 1600. 2 3 ; 1603. Ι4• 
φυ€ΐι; 1602. 36. 
φυλακΓ/ 1603. 9• 

Xawmtot 1602. 14• 

χάρι? 1600. Ι, 1 6. 

χεΙρ 1602. 2, 6. 

Χριστοί 1602. Ι, 21, 23, 35• 



ψνχη 1601. 4, δ• 



"Ων 1602. 8. 

ώί 1600. [34], 56; 1601.34; 

1602. 37• 
Ώσηΐ 1601. 29. 



. όζ(ίν 1600. 2 5- 



Π. NEW CLASSICAL FRAGMENTS. 

(a) 1604 (Pindar, Dithyramhs). 

{Large Roman mimerals refer to the different poems ; sch. = scholium.) 



"Αβας I. 9. 
c'lyuu [II. 28 .?] 
αγίλα II. 23. 
άγνοί'ιν I. 6 ; sen. 
άγρότΐρος II. 21 ? 
άί^εί!» I. 14. 
αίγί? II. Ι7• 
αΙθόμ(νος II. ΙΟ. 
άκναμπτΐ'ι III. Ι 2. 
άκουαν II. 2 9• 
αλαλά II. Ι3• 
aXicaets II. Ι 7• 
άλμα Ι. 1 6. 
άμιτνύν II. Ι5• 
αι/αΙ Ι. 3• 

άνθρωπος II. [3], 3°• 
αΐΊστάΐΌΐ II. 25. 

άΐ'(τι τοΟ) III. 7 sch. 

αντίστροφη Ι. 2 Ο SCh. 

άοώά Ι. 14; [Π. ι]; III. ΐ7• 
^πό Ι. Ι ; [II. 3•] 

άπ . . ο( ) Ι. 20 £ch. 
αρο Ι. 6 ? 
"Apyos Ι. 7• 
Αρμονία II. 27. 
"Αρτΐμις II. Ι9• 
ασττασι'ω? Ι. 3Ι ? 
αυτό? Ι. 6 sch. 
αυχην III. Ι4• 

Βάκχιοί II. 21. 



β\ώσκ€ΐν Ι. 19. 
βρισάρματοί II. 20. 
βρομιάς Ι. II. 
Βρόμιος II. 6, [2ΐ]. 
βροτός Ι. Ι5• 

■)/ημ6τίί II. 27. 
γαρ Ι. 15- 
γάτων III. ΙΟ. 
■yei/ea [II. 3®•] 
Fopydrf? I. 5• 

Δαΐ'α[ Ι. Ι. 
δαί II. II. 

δί'Ι. 6 and sch., 15; Π. [4], 

ΙΟ, 12, 15, 19, 22-3, 29• 

δ^ III. 9 ? 

8ιαπ(τάνννσθαι II. 4• 
διθύραμβος II. 2. 
Διονυσιακός Ι. ΙΟ SCh. 
ΔιόκυσοΓ II. 3Ι• 

διο( ) Ι. 6 sch. 

8όμος Ι. 8. 
δράκων II. 1 8. 

e Ι. 6 and sch. 
(γχος II. ΐ7• 
€γώ II. 23• 
(Ιδίναι II. 5• 
ίΐι/αι Ι. 6 sch. 

iis I. 6 sch. 



Έλλάί π. 25. 
eV I. 7 ; II. 8 

ei/^a II. 27. 
^Εννάλιος II. 1 6. 

€0f I. 20 and sch 
(ξ I. 20 sch. 

(ξαίρΐτος II. 23. 

6771 I. 23 sch. 

ΐ'πιδορατίς III. 1 3 Sch 
επίμαχος I. 2 3 Sch. 
έ'ποί II. 2 4• 
ίρατός I. 8. 
€ρίγδουπος II. 12. 
epfcoi I. 1 6. 
€ρπ(ΐν II. I. 
ΐρχΐσθαι III. 9, 25 ? 
en I. 14. 
(υάμπυξ I. I 3. 
(ύδαίμων I. II. 
(ϋδοξος II. 30. 
(ϋχΐσθαι I. 15 ; 



10, 12, 15, 20. 



34• 



ζΐυγννναι I. 8 j 
Ζ(ΰς II. 7, 29. 



II. 26. 
II. 



20. 



τ} II title. 
Ήρακλ^ί II title. 
η ρινός III. 19 ? 

^tiXos I. 14. 
θάνατος I. ^6. 



220 



INDICES 



θηβαι [II. 26.] 

Θηβαίοι II title. 

θήρ II. 2 2, 
βοίνα Ι. II. 
θρασνς II title. 

iVrat ('go *) Π, ig. 
ίροϊ [Π. 4•] 
ίστάναι II. 8. 

Κάδ/χοί II. 28. 

και Ι. ι6; π. 3, 7 J 22, 30; 
ΠΙ. II. 

καΚΚ'ιχορος II. 25 ? 
κάρυ^ II. 24- 
κατάμχαν II. 8. 
κεδίΌ'ί II. 28 ? 

<tef Ι. [34] and sch. 

Ace/mufos II. 15. 

Κίρβΐρο! II title. 

Κ6;^λαδ/ι/ηι II. ΙΟ. 
κηλ(ϊν II. 2 2. 
κίβδαλος [11. 3•] 
Kti/eii/ II. 16, 
κίσσινος III. γ. 
κλα^γά II. 1 8. 
kKOvos II. 14. 

κό/37 Ι. 1 7 sch. 

κορνψά Ι. 12. 
κονρη [Ι. Ι γ.] 
/cpeyaaiTviOi III. 12. 
κρόταλα II. ΙΟ. 
κρόταφο! III. 8. 
κνανοχίτων III. g. 
kvkKos II. 4• 
Κυκλωψ Ι. 6, ΙΟ sch. 

"Kayxavfiv [II. 28 ?] 
Xeyftj; I. 2, 1 5, 23 Sch. 
\€ίβΐσθαι I. 4. 
λί'ωΐ' II. 2 I. 

/xan'a II. 13. 
μάτηρ II. 9, 32. 
peyapa II. 8. 
peyas I. 7 ; Π. 9. 
Μ^λαϊ I. 16. 
μιλίζίιν III. 6. 

MeVII.[i], 8; III. 3. 

μΐταγράφΐΐν I. 6 Sch. 



Μοίσα II. 25. ΜοΙσαι 1. 1 4. 
μυρίο! II. 1 8. 



Ναϊάδβί II. 12. 
ναίΐΐν Ι. 35• 
ΓίΟϊ II. 5• 
I'll' Ι. 1 6. 

[II. 4•] 



νυν 



ξανθοί II. II. 
ξ(νίζ(σθαι Ι. το sch. 

ό Ι. [ιο] and sch., 34 sch. ; 

II• 3> ΐ5> [ι6], 22. 
ο Ι. 6 sch. 

οιοττόλοϊ II. 19 and schol. 
oios II. 6. 
δλ/3οί II. 26.? 

όμφά II. 29. 
opyij II. 20. 
όρίνίσθαι II. 13. 
Ουρανίδαι II. 7• 

οίίτοΓ Ι. 6 sch. 
οϋτ-ωΓ Ι. 6 sch. 
όφις II. 1 8 sch. 



παγκρατη! II. 1 5. 
Παλλάί II. 17- 
^Ar. ΤΤ η ^-,.^ 



παρ II. 9• παρά II. 7, [s^]• 

ττατηρ Ι. 5, Ι7• 

TTeXeiJ' III. 15. 

nepuraos I. 34 Sch. π(ρισσω5 

I. 20 sch. 

πίτάλον III. 19. 
πΐΰκη II. II. 
■π\(κτόί III. 7 sch. .'' 

TVkOKOS III. 7• 

πόλΐϊ. TToKia III. 9, ττΓολίί 

I. 6. 

πο'ΐΌΓ III. 16. 

ποτ€ II. 27. 

TTois III. 4. 

πραπίδί! II. 28. 

npeneiv I. 1 1 . 

πρί!» II. I. 

npoaaydv I. 20 Sch. .? 

πρύτανίί III. lO. 

πΓολίϊ I. 6. Cf. πόλίί. 

πυλ»; II. 4. 



πύρ II. 1 6. 

ρίμφα II. 19. 
(ρί)\/^αυχι;ΐ' II. 13. 
ρόμβος II. 9- 
ρύ^σθαι III. 14. 

σάν II. 3• 
σΐμνός II. 8. 
σκαπτον II. 7• 
σκο'τΓίλοί III. ΙΟ. 
σολοικισμοί Ι. 6 Sch. 
σοφός II. 24. 
στάσίί III. 3• 
στ (φανός III. y. 
σΓθλ[ III. 24. 
στόμα [II. 3•] 
στοί'α;(ά II. ι 2. 
στρατιά III. 1 1. 
σύ. vppt [Ι. 15•] 
σνγγονος Ι. Ι 7• 
συι/ II. 14• 
σχοινοτίνής [II. Ι.] 

ταμίας 111. 23. 

re I. 19 : II. [ΐ], ΙΟ, 13, 

[ι6], 17, [26]; III. ίο, 

12-13, ΐ7• 
τ€λ(τά Ι. 33 ; II. 6 ; III. 6. 

Τ(ός III. 6. 
Τίθεναι Ι. Ι3• 
TLKTfiv II. 3Ο• 
τύ•[μ|παι/α II. 9• 

ύπό II. 1 1. 
ΰψαύχην II. 13. 
υψηλός II. 2 8. 

φάμα II. 27. 
φΐνγ(ΐν Ι. 1 6. 
φθσγγάζΐσθαι II. 1 8. 
φι'λοϊ III. 9• 
Φόρκος Ι. 17. 

φίλοι' II. 21 ; III. 1 8 

λά/'Μα III• Ι3• 
χορΐν(ΐν II. 2 2. 

χοροί III. 1 6. 
ώί Ι. 6 sch. 



//. NEW CLASSICAL FRAGMENTS 



221 



ib) Other Classical Fragments. 

(1600 is to be stipplied before the figtires in thick type. The extant portion 
of 1608 is not indexed, except the proper names.) 



ά-γαθός 5. 48. 
Αγαμηστωρ 13. 2. 
άγανακτΰν 6. ^CJ , 543• 
άγνόί 11. 163. 
ayovoi 11. 95• 
αγορά [11. 73•] 
άδίλφη 7. 283. 
αδΐΧφίΒοΐΐί 10. 86. 
a8f\ipos β. Υ, [ι6ι] ; 10. T43 ? 
aSiKflv 6. 115, 117• 
αδίκως β. 4^9• 
αδύνατος 1. 59• 
αθανασία 12. 3^• 

'Αθηναίοι 6. 176; 10. 73? ^01 ; 12. 2Τ. 
"Αιδ^ϊ 11. 271. 
αίρίΐν 10. 45. 75» 207 ? 

ΑΪσιμίδης 13. 7• 

Αίσ;(υλοί 13. 3• 

, αΐτιασθαι 11. 225. 

άκόντιον 11. 72. 

ακούει/ 5. 46 ; 6. 129, 136, 143' ΐ47» 379, 

496; 7. 250; 9. ΐ5• 
Άκουσίλαο? 11. 52. 
ακρόπολίί. Ilfpt άκ. 11. 103. 
αλγ/^δών 11. 247 •'' 
αληθώς 11. 43• 

άλίσκΐσθαι 10. Ιθ6 ; 11. 67. 
Άλκΐ]3ίάδ>75 8. 5^• 

Άλκμίων (α) 11. 87, 91 ; ί*^) 13• 5• 

αλλά 6. 83, [233]. 245' δθ2, 7θδ; 7. 44, 

126, [ι6ι], 164; 8.36; 9. II ; 10. 163; 

11. 198; 12. 14- 
άλλος 6. 223, 259, 535 j H• 6°• 
αλλότριος 6. 1 79• 
&μα β. 352; 10. [ΐ23], 125- 
άμαρτάν€ΐν 6. 544• 
αμάρτημα β. Ι 8 Ο. 
ά/χαρτί;[ 8. 8 1. 
ημονσος 8. 9, Ι4• 
άμφισβητΐίν 6. 547' 604. 
άμψότίρος 7. ΙΙ5• 

άν 6. [ιΐ4], ιι8, 123, [234], 235> 260, 504. 
536 ; 7. 4θ, 63, 228 ; 8. 37, (48) ; 9. ι8 ; 
10. 242?; 11. 240; 12. ΙΟ, 24, 26. 

αν ^ ΐάν 6. 34^ ? 



avayeiv 5. 34• 

άναγκάζΐΐν β. 254, 353• 

αναγκαίος 8. 8, 12 ; 10. 4• 

ανάγκη 6. ΐ8ΐ, 293, 295, 4^2. 

άναγράφ^ΐΐν 11. 105. 

άΐ'αισ;^υιτ裕 6. 73^• 

άνάκλασις 9. 1 1. 

άνακοινοΰσθαι 10. 128. 

αν<ιλαμβάν(ΐν 7. 87. 

άναμιμνησκΐΐν {αναμνημισκΐΐν Π) 6. Ι 78. 

*Αΐ'άσ;^€τοί 7. 2 1 8. 

ai/eii' 11. 127. 

άνηρ 6. 98Λ 935; 10• 75, 268?; 11. 62. 

ώ ανδ. δικασταί β. 77, 1^4, 220, 368, 377, 
859 J 7. 22 1. άνδράσι β. 33°• 
άνθρωπος β. 225; 7. ΐ6, 42, 195; 8. 8, 29, 

52; 11. 64; 12. 1 6. 

άνύναι 12. 28 ? 
ανόητος β. 357* 
άνοια 8. 4Ι• 
ανόμως 6. 1 59• 
Ηΐ/τε^βσ^αι 7. 1 7 2 . 
αντί 6. 171 ; 11• 29? 
αντίδικος 6. 1 33• 
άντιπράττ€ΐν 7• 9^• 
ηνωθΐν 11. 8 Ι. 
«Itoy 6. 659• 

ά\ιοΐ>ν 6. II, 78, 320, 326; 7. 193 ; 10. 24; 

11. 46. 
άπαιτΐΐν 6. 264. 
ηπαίτησις 6. 2 73• 
άπ(ΐλ€ΐν 11. 77• 
απι/ναί 9. 1 8. 

από 5. 35; 9• ^9 > 10• 94• "'^'' H• 9'• 
άπογιγνώσκ(ΐν 8. 29. 
άποδ(ΐκννναι 6. 533• 
άτΓοδ,^μΕίΐ' 7. 285. 

πποδιδόΐΌί 6. 14, 3ΐ~2, 46-7» 37°, 38ι-2. 

άποθνήσκΐΐν 10. ΙΟ4; 11. 83. 
άποικίζΐΐν 10. 59• 
άποκηρνττΐΐν 8. 39" 
άποκομίζ(σθαι 11. 2 22 ? 
aTTOKTeti'fti' 6. 9 j H• 228. 
απολαμβάνων β. 2 Ι 7• 
άπολβγίίΐ/ 7. 2 8, 58•'' 



222 



INDICES 



Απολλόδωρος 8. 34. 
άπολλύναι 6. 83• 
άπολογΐΊσθαι 8. 3^• 
απολογία 8. 2 8. 
άπολνβιν 11. 54• 
απορία β. 3^7 5 1^• ^°9• 
απορροή 9. 1 8. 

άποσηρύν 6. ΙΙ7, 102, 253, 5°^, 949• 
άποφίρισθαι 6.12? 
άποψηφίζΐσθαι 6. 221. 
απρατοί β. 4^• 
άπρΐπης 7. ΐ8θ. 
'ApyeTos 11. 52. 

apyipiov β. 264, 283, 296, 341, 345• 
άριστα 6. 2Ιο; 11. 23 1 ? 
*Α[ριστό?^^ημος 11. 223. 
Ά/ϋστοφάυί^ί 11. 174• 
Άρίφρων 13. Ι. 
ΆρκΓΪΐΌΓ 11. 148? 
^Αρταξ^ρξηί 10. 12 2. 
άρχαΊοε 12. 38. 
αρχΐΐν 11. 84. 
άρχ^ 11. 122 ; 12. 12. 
do-e/Seli' 12. 23, 25•'' 
ασ^ενωΓ 7• 82. 
Άσ/α 8-99• 
άστΓί'ί 6. 20, 66. 
Άσσί;[ 11. 247• 
ατΐκνος 11. 90• 
αΓί/χά^ίί!» 10. 20. 
άτρωτος 11. 6 2 . 

ai'T-c)? 6. 8, 85, 90, 148, 169, 182, 191, 202, 
227, 232, [268], [272], 294-5, 299, 326, 

379, 503Λ 532, 534, 536; 7. 20, 26, 61, 
99, 103, 192, 206, 394; 8. 79, 82; 10. 
9, 74, 85, 96, 100, 116?, 123; 11. 59>6ι, 
^ 65, 76, 79, 128, 149; 12- ΐ3, ^3, 27. 

αυτόν 10. 49 ^ 
άφαιρΰν 6. ιο; 12. 30• 
αφανίζει/ 6. 32. 
άφηγί'Ίσθαι 11. 1 6 1. 
αφιππος 8. II, Ι5• 
άφρων 6. 36Ο• 
Άχαρνίύς 6. 89• 
"Ayj/avSpos 13. II. 
αψιμαχία 7. 26. 

Βάκ;^αι 11. 35- 
βαρβαρικοί 10. 7 2 . 
βασιλ(ία 10. 1 24; 11. 4°• 



βασιλΐύίΐν 11. 44• 

βασιλΐίς 10. 51, §7, ^32; 11• 5°, 69• 

βέβαιος (^βίβαιοΰν?) β. 493» 6θ2. 

βίλτίων 6. 132, I4Ij 148, 204. 

iSi'a 6. 227. 

β^ος 6. 353• 

βόρΐκος 11. 123, 126. 

βονλ(σθαι 6. 138, 441 j 10. 33• 125.''; 12. 

10, 22. 
βονλΐΰΐσθαι 6. 498 •'* 
βοΟί, ό β. 336• 

βραχίς 10. 1 35• 
Βνζάντιον 10. 4Ι• 

γά/) β. 17, 113?, 122, 152, 157, 183, 242, 
329, 538, 553- 595 ; 7. 19, 42, 63, 73, 9^, 
187, 224, 228; 8. 21, 40, 151; 9• ίο,' 
[10. 5ο.?]; 11. 46, [5ΐ], 55, 58, 84, ι66, 
239, 389; 12. 12, 28, 35- 

ye 7. 59, 162; 8. 42, 100.?; 11. 190. 

re(ras) 5-35 ^arg. 

γΐφνρα 10. II.'' 

γη 6. 43; 11• 8ι. 

γίγνΐσβαι 6. [156], 205, 262, 359, 378; 7. 25, 
63; 8. 2?, ίο; 10. 3θ, 96; 11. 69, 9°• 

γιγνωσκην β. 535 > 8. 82. 

γονείς 8. 2, 5, 45, 50- 

γννη 11. 146. 

8αμάσιππος 11. 1 64. 
δανίίζΐσθαι 6. 320, 327, 444• 

δί β. [7], 13, 41, 47, 85, ιι6, 143, ΐ55, 
[163], 175, ι8ι, ι86, 189, [216], 224, 
246, 251-2, 255, 257, 26ι, 266, 295, 3ΐ9, 
324-5, 336, 494, 5θ5, 558; 7. [72], 8ο, 
84, ι86, 288, 455; 8. 7, 34, 37, 49, 57; 
9. 9, Μ, 31-2, [34], 37 ; 10• 8, [12], ι6, 
[32], 38, 7ο, 74, ιο6, 125, [237], 249 i*; 
11• 34-5, 56, 75, 86, 92, 107, 109, III, 
127-8, 137, 151, [ΐ75]>213, 215, 223, 
229, 232, 247, 276, 28ο; 12. ι, ιι, 
1 8, 30. 

8ί8ιως 10. 126.? 

6ύν 6. 249, 36ι ; [7. ιοο]; 9. 14; 12. ΐ7• 

dfivos β. 1 13 •^ 42 2 .? 

8άσθαι β. 143, 219, 3ΐ8, 335• 

Δΐκίλΐΐα 6. 1 86. 

Μσποινα [7. 102.] 

devTfpos 11. 39, (fi&^'"^) 329• 

8η β. 417 ; 7. Ι02 ; 8. 48 ; 10. ιοί. 



//. NEW CLASSICAL FRAGMENTS 



223 



δήλοί 6. 152, 193, 8o3; 11. 32. 
^ηΚονν 7. 24. 
Δημητηρ 12. 2 ζ. 
Αημόκριτοί 9. ΐ6. 
8ημοί [β. 2 17•] 

δίάβ. 56 ?, 203, 239; 8.28; 10. [ι6?], 2ΐ, 

ιο8 ; 11. 86, 88, 96. 
διαβάλλΐσθαι 8. 51 ? 
8ιαβολή 7. '2 11. 
dtayai'a/CTeii' 6. 84• 
Βιάγίσθαι 6. 559• 
8ιακΰσθαι 7. 82. 
δίακόσίοι 5. 32 ,* 10. 66. 
διαλεγβσ^αι 7. 97• 

BiaXvfiv β. 333» 56ο; 11. 128. 

bianopflv 11. 166. 
8ιαπράττ(σθαι 8. 25• 
διαρρήδην 7. 128. 
δίηΓίλίΐΐ' 10. 93• 
Οιατιθΐναι 6. 242 .'* 
διαφίρΐσθαι 7. 23, 62, ΙΟΟ. 
διηφθΐίριιν 7. 194; 10• 73• 
διαφορά 6. 202 ; 8. 42. 

διδόι/αι 5. 37'" 6• 25 •^ 228, 248, 252, 271, 
273, 474; 7. Ι07?; 10. 213. 

δίδυ/χοί 11. 92. 

δίκάέ'β"' 6. 17, 254, 871 ; 7. ΐ59• 

δίκαιος β. 553 ^ δικαιότατος 10. 2 8 .^ δίκα/ω? 

6. 1 1 8, 5θ6, 536. δίκαιότΐρον 6. 130. 

δικαι[ β. 4ΐ6, 495• 

δικαστηριον 11. 2 26. 

δίκοστι?? β. 77> 114; 221, 369, 37^, ^^Α, 

859 ; 7. 222. 
δίκη 6. Ι03 ?, 184, 248. 

Διονίιο'ΐα β. 33°• 

διορΰττ(ΐν 7. 14, 23, 3°, 4°, 92• 

Αιώξιππο! 7. 285. 

δο«ίί/6. 144, 479•^ 5το; 8.7,13; 9• 9• 

δολ(;(ΟΓ 10. 134 ? 

δόξα 12. 3Ι• 

δόρυ 11. 41, 45, 48, 84. 

δραχμή β. 23, 167, 332; (symbol) 9. 31, 

[37-8J. 

δυ€ΐν β. 250, 355• 

δύναμα β. 348• 

δύνασθαι 6. 1 6, 34, 538 ; 11• 5 1, 85- 

δύο β. 169, 297, 44°; 11• 3ΐ> ιι6. 

δυστυχέστερος 6. 2 2 6. 
δυστυ;^ια 6. 1 58. 
δωρίά β. 172. 



iai> 6. 47•'; 7. ι6ι; 11. 94; 12. 32. 
iaυτoi {αϊτοί) β. 1 6, 8ο, 1 68, 177, 345, 358 ; 
8. 5, 4δ• 

ίβδομηκοντα 6. 30. 
έβδομος (figure) 11. 232. 
(■γγονος 11. 146. 

εγώ β. 256, 26ο, 269, 296, 315 •^ 335•', 337, 
419, 442, 495• 51°; 8. 13, 49, [82]; 11. 
9ο; [12. 32]• ημείς 6. 201 ; 11. 3θ?; 
12. 13. 

εθελειρ 6. 552 ; 12. 28. 

έθνος. [Εθι/ώιΑ κτίσεις 11. 2Ι3• 

61 6. [ιΐ5], 123, 224, 226, 230, 250, 296, 
301, 351, 355, 494, 5θ2 ; 7• [73], 187, 
^ 194; 8. 57; 11• ΐ9ο; 12. 22. 

εϊδεναι 7. 46• 

εΐδωλον 9. Ι4• 

εικός β. 252, 322, 344• 

εΐuaι 6. [ιΐ4], 124, 141, 145, 149, 154, ι68, 
174, 194, 20Ι, 244, 246, 251, 256, 277, 
284, 327•', 337, 344, 356, 426, 480, 
562; 7. ι8, 54, 72, 221, 236, 341, 465 ; 
8• 9, 49, 53- 57 ; 9-32 ; 10. 5, 59, 87, 93, 
ιοο; 11. 31, 43> 58, 75, 83, 96, ΐ47, 
170, ι88 ; 12. 15, ΐ7• 

('ίπερ 10. 33• 

εΙς 5. 31 ; β. 93•', ι65, [234], 260, [330], 
346, 354, 489; 7. 284; 8. 42; 9. 13; 

10. 6 ; 11. 224, 226. 
εις 7. 191 ; [10. 238.] 
είσάγειν 11. 227. 
είσιεναι β. 234. 

είτα β. 201 .ί* 
εΐωθεναι 7. 95• 

εκ, εξ 6. ι86, 285; 7. 194; 10. 4ΐ, 58; 11- 
59, 6ο; 12. 1 2. 

έκαστος 6. 476 ; 9. Ι 9- 

εκατόν 10. 74• 

εκγονος {εγγονός Π) 11. 146. 

εκδιδόραι 10• 34 •' 

eVet 9. 9 ; 10• 103• 

εκε'ινος 6. 63?, 7^4; 7. 27, 45, 68, 8θ, 228, 

396; 8.36; 9. ίο; 10. ι8. 2ΐ, 31, ΐ94•'; 

11. 59, 79; 12. 18-19. Cf. «Γι/ο?. 
εκεΊσε 12. 2 7• 

εκπλείν 5. 47 •' ; 10• 40• 
εκτίθεσθαι 11. Ι 48. 
εκτίνειν 6. 249, 300. 
εκτισις 6. 49°• 
εκφευγειν β. 7• 



224 



INDICES 



"Ελατο? 11. 57. 
ίλάχιστος 6. Ι57• 
i\evet\p 7. 344• 
'EXeuaiVta 12. 2 I. 
ΈλλαΜΚΟΓ 11. 212. 

Έλλάί 10. 59• 

"ΕλΧψΐί 8. 127 ; 10. 24, ιο8, 192. 

eXm's 6. 198. 
ΐμός 6. 258, 322. 
'Ε/χτΓίδοκλτ^ί 9. Ι7• 

eVe. II, 120, [370]; 9. 13; 10. [88], 105; 
11• 34, 36, 39>ΐ73]> §7, 103, ιΐ4> ΐ2θ-ι, 

129, 213- [219J 229, 232, 28θ, [302]. 
evavrios 6. 274, 534• 
fveKa 7. 7Ι• evfKev 7. 17; 9^• 
iveabe 12. 26. 
€Vo;^Xeri/ 6. 263. 
ivTtieev 6. 343. 

ΐξαίφνης 6. 351 ; 10. Ill ? 

e|eXa^i/eti/ 11. 1 2 5. 

φτάζ€ΐρ [6. 343]; 7. 223. 
ψ,ί 11. 147- 

ίξονσία 7. 45• 
(naiveiv 8. 26. 
eVei [6. 163.] 

€π-«δΐ7 6. 13, 34, 155 5 7. 419. 

eneira 11. 58, 72• 

eVt' 6. 82, 146, 184, 188, 199, 337, 508; 

7. 29, 50; 9. lo-ii ; 10. 43 ; 11. 286. 

eTTidfiKvCvai 6. 348. 

eniKovpos [6. 1 64.] 

Επίκουρος 9. 1 6. 

impeveiv 6. 1 56. 

ίπιπίτΓΤΐΐν 10. III? 

(πιπΧ(ϊι> 6. 372. 

(πιστο\η 7. 289, 337• 

eniTTjSfios 6. 658. 

€πιτίθΐναι 10. 144•'*; H. 82. 

fmrpeTTfiv 6. 1 35, 350. 

ΐπιτροπη β. 267. 

ΐπίτροπος 6. 244. 

(πιτυ-γχάνίΐν 8. .52 ? 

€ργάζ(σθαι 6. 207, 719•'' 

epyoK 5. 31 ; 10. 17• 

epetv 6. 224, 329; 7. 66-7; 9. 14; 10. 36; 

12.34• 
Έρμης 11. 120. 
"Ερμιππος 11. ΙΙ9• 
ερυθρός 11. 235• 
ίρχίσθαι 6. 6θ, 347• 



έ'σχατοί 6. 346,* 11. 2 45• 

ίτίΰρος 6. 246, 257• 

htposG. 297-8, 302, 313» 322, 327. 338; 

7. 233 ? 
fTos 6. 440 ,* 13. passim. 

evbaipovfiv β. 1 53• 

evBmpoveaTfpos 6. 22 0. 

evepyeata 6. I 78, 2 1 7. 

euepy[6^ 10. 255. 

ΐυ\αβύσθαι 8. 47• 

ΐυνοΰχος ΓΐΟ. 13©.] 

Ευριπίδης 11. 87• 

(υρίσκΐΐν 6. 83; 8. 48; 12. 12. 

€υσ€βής 12. 6. 

ΐύτνχία β. 200• 

ΐΰψημΐΐν 8. 6. 

6ΰ';(6σ^αί 11. Ι47• 

ί'φοΒος 10. 96. 

(φορμαν 11. 78. 

ένιν 6. 41, 198, 232, 297, 504, 553; 7. 44, 
59,177.221; 8. 79, [83]; 9- 3I•^[37]; 
10. 44 ; 11. 63 ; 12. 5• 

έ'χ^ρα 7. 7ΐ; 8. 43• 

ίχθρός 6. [190], 258, 320, 349, 359• 

εωί 6. [ΐο], 152. 

Ζΐίς 5. 33 ; 7• ιο8, 2ΐ6 ; 11• 76, [163]• 

ζη)\.ότυη\ος 5. 29• ζηΚοτΰπως 8. 83. 

^ι^ 10. ιο6. 
fijTeir 11. 94• 
Ca>ypel.v 10. 75• 



"76• [196], 228, 298-9, [360], 362; 7.65, 

8. ΙΟ, 12 ; 9. ι6-ΐ7 ; 11• 67, 17Ο; [2 

ηγί^σθαί 6• 276, 506. 
ήγΐμονία 10. 2 6 .?, 34 •'' 
η8η 6. 982 ; 11. 1 2 5• 
ηδονή 11. 246. 

Ήϊώι/ 10. 43• 

ij/ceti; 6. 13 ■''; 8. 4Ι• 

Ήλβϊοί 6. 1 68. 

ηλικία 6. 204• 
ήλιος 6. 2 50, 355• 
^μφα 6. 33, 93 ? 
ήμίτΐρος β. 142. 

jjptavs 6. 78, 822; (symbol) 9. 36• 
?ΐν (Ί said') 8. 37, 49• 

ήπΐΐρος 10. 95• 
'Υϊρακλής 11. 123. 
ησυχία 7. 248. 



..,68; 
[2 46]. 



//. NEW CLASSICAL FRAGMENTS 



225 



θάνατος 11. I 50. 

θαρσύν 11. 141. 

θΐμιστοκΚης 8. 3, 38, 84-5 ; 10. 7• 

θΐο^ΐκτης 11. 28ο ? 

θΐοζοτ'ώης {Θ(0^υτι8ης Π) 6. 2 49? 3°°• 

θίόμνηστος (α) β. 240, 247, 255, 342?: 

{ύ) 7. 219- 
θίός 11. 89, 95• ^(οί 11. 74 ? ; 12. 39• 

θΐράπαινα β. 238; 7. 6θ, 96, 472• 

θίστΓΐίύϊ 13. 2. 

θησαυρός β. 8ΐ. 

θουκυδι'δι?? 11. ΙΙ5• 

QpaKfs 11. 2 2 1. 

θρασνς 7. 64. 

θρασωνίδηί 5. 25• 

^υίίΐ' [11. 74•] 

Ίαπίτόί 11. Ι 20. 
ιδίΟί 7. 7^• 
/fpeuf 12. 73j 81 .^ 
ύρόϊ 11. 59• 

]ί€σθαι 7. ΐ8ΐ. 

ίνα [β. 144 ] 

ιππικός 8. 12. 

'Ιπποθίρσης β. 74 •^ Ι37> 147» 237• 

ίπ7Γολ[ 11. 34^. 

Ιππομίνης 13. 9• 

ιπτΓΟϊ 11. 12 4, Ι2 7• 

ίστάναι 7. 241; 11. 72• 

Ιστορία 11. 54• 

tV;(uy 11. 63. 

Ισχυ[ β. 886. 

Ι'σωί 11. 84. 

"Ιων 11. 121, 2 77 •■' 

καθαιρΐϊν β. Ι97• 

κα^άπβρ 7. 95> 336 ?; 11• 45> 49. ^67. 

καθιστάναι 8. 4^ ', 12. 15• 

κάθοδος β. ΐ65• 

καί. κ -^ κα'ι 11. 2 1 6. καΐ -yop 7. 187 ,* 

12. 12. /cat /XTji/ 7. 58• 
Kaii/e^i 11. 41, 46-7, 55? 85• 
KatH7 11. 56. 
Ka'infp 11. 171. 
Καΐσηρ 12. 9, II, 24, 32. 
(caiVot 6. 118, 321. 
κακός 5. I 7. 

κα\ΰν 6. 483; 10. 57 ; 11. 107. 

καλώς 5. 27, 5© ; 7. 22o; 8. 34; 12. 13. 

Καρ;(/]δώΐ' 6. 37©. 



κατά 7. 8ι, 171, 192; 9• ι6; 11. 8ο, Ι22. 

KUTayeiv β. Ι 90. 

/cαrα■yι•yι'ώσκf ti" 7. 1 6θ. 

AtaraStKiifit;/ 7. 215• 

κατακοιμιστης 10. 13^• 

κατακόπτΐΐν 11. 79• 

KUTaXfyeiv 11. 53• 

(caraXetTTfti' 10. Ι02. 

κατασκίυά^ί£ΐ/ β. 208 ; 7. 397• 

καταφρονΰν 6. 419?' 7. ΙΟ9. 

καταφυγή 10. 23Ο ? 

κατΐΤί(Ί•γ(σθαι 7. 3°) 43• 

*ίατ6/);^ίσ^αι 6. 12, 38, 42, 45, "S? Ι75• 

κατ(χ(ΐν 10. 123 •'^ 

κατηγορία 7. 2 2 4• 

κατοπτρίζ€ΐν 9. 19• 

κάτοπτρο ν 9. ΙΟ. 

ΚίίΐΌί 11. 91. 

«eWti/ 6. 38, 235 ; 7. 2 1, 214; [11• 74•] 

Kf νταυροι 11. 7 Ι, 78• 
Kfvruv 11. 66. 
κηδ(στης 7. 2 Ι 7• 
Κι>ωι/ 10. 38, [62]. 
Kti'6weileii' 10. 7^• 

κίνδυ^οί 6. 346 ; 7. 72• 

Κλύδικος (κλεοδίκοί Π) 13. 8. 

κλ/ιζ(ΐν 11. 102 a. 

κλήρος β. 487» 49 1 • 

Κοάλβμοί 11. Ι07• 

κόγχη 9• 30• 

κοίΐ'ωΐ'οί 6. 379• 

κομίζΐσθαι 6. ΐ6 .?, 43) 1 73• 

Κόρΐί'(9ο£ 11. 88. 
κρατίΐν 11. 47• 
Kpartvoy 11. 36. 
κρίσις [6. 1 39•] 
κριτής 11. 32. 
Κρίτων 7. 2 20. 
κτασθηι β. 44• 
KTiVts• 11. 214• 
κΰαθος 9. 27-8, 33~4• 
Κύπρος [10. 65.] 
Kupieveiv 7. 85. 
κυρίΟΓ 7. 119•'' 

AaKeoai/ztirtoi 8. ΙΟ3• 

λαμβάνων 6. 79? 227, 298, [302], 339;' U• 

266. 
Λα/χπροκλ^ϊ 11. ι 70, 172. 
Καπίθαι 11. 7°• 



220 



INDICES 



\ty(iv δ. 30?, 41?, 43-4; β. 79, 131, i82, 
340; 7. 47. 95. 193, 290, 336?; 8. 4, 
[84]; 10. 7; 11. 37, 39, 55. 89, [120]. 
122, 175, 240 ; 12. 10, 17. 

XfiTovpyelv 7. 2 Ο. 

Αίωκράτης 13. ΙΟ. 

λόγοί 7. 335• 

\ογχοφόρο! 10. Ι20 ? 

λοιπός β. 146, Ι49• 

Αυκι[ 11. 251. 

ΑνκομήΒη! 10. ζΟ. 

Αυκόφρων 7. 28, Ιθ6, ΐ6θ, 287• 

λι;πίΪΓ β. 176. 

Λυσίαί 6. 36, 79. ^S^. 15°. 211, 2ΐ6 ?, 222. 

Ανσιππο! 11. 34. 30Ι• 

μαθητής 11. 1 7 2 ? 
/χάλίστα 11. 67. 
μαρτνρΐΐν β. 37 1• 
μαρτυρία 7. 2Ι7• 

μάρτνί 6. 253, 272, 367. 374, 376, 380, 436, 

[438], 477, 700-Ι, 828, 850. 
μίyaς β. 328 ; 8. 78 ; 9. 29, 3°, 33 ; 10• 25, 

269?; 11• 138, ΐ64• μ€γιστος 6. 2ΐ8 ; 8. 

44; 10. 23 5 11. 63. 

μ(βύναί 11. 2 2 2. 

μείξις 11. 95• 

μΐίων 6. 194 ? 

Μΐλησίας (α) 11. Ιθ6 ; ((5) 11. Ιΐ7• 

μίλλειν 7. 85• 

μ€μνησθαι 6. 2 2 2. 

μει/ 6. ιι> 39, ιΐ5• 122, 149, 152, 174, 184, 
[227], 256, 30Ι, 322, 338, 377. 5^2, 554 ; 
7. 73. 8ο, 176?, 183, ΐ94. 288; 9. ΐ2; 
10. 8, 19, 58, 71, 84. ιθ2, 123: 11. 9°. 
[109], 112, 124; 12. ι6. 

Μέρων 11. ΙΙ4• 

μίρος β. 157 ; 9• 35• 

/χίτά 6. ι8, 35-6, 76, 187, 2θ6; 10. 42; 
12. 4, 7 ? 

μ€ταίχμιον 11. 219? 

μΐταμίΧησαν 6. 203• 

μίτοικος 6. Ι 54• 

μΐ7 β. 124, 225, 230, 243, 251, 296, S^J 

487; 7. 88, 163, 222, 445; 10• 126. 

μη^ύ 7. 447• 

μφίίς 6. 545 ; 7• 43• 

μηκίτι 7. 3^• 

/X7JI/ 7. 58. 

μηνίκΐν 6. 3 ' 9• 



Μί'δωί/ [11. 173?] 
Μιθρώάτης 10. 130. 
μικρός 9. 34• Cf• Μ^'**"'• 
Μιλτιάδη;? 10. 39• 
μίσγεσβαι 11. 57• 
μισθός 6. 332 ? 

μι/ά 6. 248 ; 9. 36. 

Μνασίας 11. 12 8. 

μόρος 10. 137; 12• 20. μόρον 6. 23Ο, 243; 

277, 536; 7. 163; 11. ΐ97• 

μουσικός 8. ΙΟ. 
Μύσίοί 15. 099• 

ναι 5. 45• 
Na^iot 11. 219 ? 
ραυμαχία 10. ΙΟ, Ig• 

i/aCf 6. 369, 387 ; 10• 73, 98, 267 ? 

Ρΐος 12. Ι. 

νη Αία 5. 33; 7. Ιθ8, 2ΐ6. 

νήσος 10. 46. 

^ικαίύς 12. Ι4• 

Νικόστρατϋί 6. Ι7• 

νομίζΐΐν 8. 49; 10• 94• 

νόμος 6. 12 8. 

wi/ 5. 30; 6. 181; 7. 80; 11. 30; 12. 34• 

νυνί β. 13, 194, 233, 257, 804. 
ί/^^ΙΟ. 105, 115? 

2eiO/f[Xi;sJ 6. Ι 8. 

ξίνος 6. 1 68; 11. 236. 

6. τα (Ις τον Ύίμαιον 9. Ι3• ^ρο τοϋ β. 256. 
ciySoof 9. 35• 
οδός 11. 127• 
'Οδυσσεύς 11. 272. 

£;(9€ί' 7. 28; [10. 36.] 

οί(σθαι 6. 193 ; 8• 37 ;■ 12• 69 ? 

οίκΰος 6. 337• 

οικία 6. 44; 7. 57= 84• 

οίκοδομίΐΐν 6. Ι95• 

οΓοί 6. 43° J 9• 15 ; 10• 26. οΓόϊ nep 8. 3• 

οϊχΕσ^αι 6. II, 36, 6ΐ, 163, ΐ85• 

oKVflv 6. 317. 335• 

ολίγος 6. 361 ; 11. 1 66. 
"Ολορος 11. Ι ΙΟ. 
όλος 7. 2 24 ; 11• ^49• 
'Ολυμπία 7. 284• 
ομιλία 7. 1 6. 
όμοιος 6. 1 98. ομοίως 7. 33 H• 35• 



//. NEW CLASSICAL FRAGMENTS 



227 



όμολο^ίίζ/ 6.. 95, 685 ; 7. i86. 

'Ομφάλη 11. 121. 
οναΒίζΐΐν 6. I Bo. 
όποϊος 12. 1 6. 
6πότ€ροί 6. 138, 140. 
οπού lO.'lOp. 
οττωϊ 7. 247• 

όράνβ. 266; 7. 8i; 9. 11-12; 10. 197; 11. 76. 

οργή 6. 870. 

6ργίζ(σθαι [β. ΙΙ9•] 

Όρίστψ 11. 2 8ο. 

op^toi {opeios π) 11. 8θ. 

όρμασθαι 6. 1 8 6. 

o/joy 11. 124. 

o's 5. 30; 6. 31, [45]> i84r 207, 233, (536); 

7. 90, 184?, 220, 334; 8• 46; 10. [9], 

25, 46, Ι2θ; 12. II. Cf. ου. 
OS. ^ δ' 0J 8. 37- 
ό'σιοί 12. 7• 

όσος 6. 234; 10. 58; 11. 184. 
οσπ€ρ 7. 79• 
οστίί 6. 357, 36ο, 363 \ 7. 2ΐ ; 8. 42. 

όστισοΰν β. 2 6θ. Cf. ουδοτιοϋι/. 

δτ6 β. 271, 329; 7. 230; 11. 65. 

δη β. 149, 194, 481 ; 7. 24; 8. 83; 10. 8, 

[33]; 11-38, ΙΟΙ, [ιΐ5]; [12. 30.] 
ου, οίκ, ουχ 5. 28, 4° ; 6. 83, 325, 378, 50Ι, 

504, 552-3, 6θ3 ; 7. 40; 8. 37; 9. 9, 

14; 11. 45, 5ο, 58, ιοί, ι66, 197, 239?; 

12. 5, 12, 17, 28, 3θ. 

ου 10. ΙΟΙ. 

ουγκιά (symbol) 9. 37• 

oiibapcus 7. 17. 

ουδ( 6. 14, [ΐ57], 172, 198, 203, 264, 294, 

919; [12.6?] 
oibils 6. [123], 171, 175; 7. 465; 11. 60; 

12. 29, 37• 

oibenore 7. 54, 56, 112. 
ούδ€πώποτ€ 6. 2 Ο 2. 
oiiSeVepo? 7. ΙΙ5; 8. 20. 
ου8οτιοΰν 8. 2 2. 
ουκίτι 5. 2 4• 
οΰκονν 7. 9Ι• 
ουκοΰν 8. 15. 

οΖν β. 220, 475, 493 ; 7. 212, 341 ; 8. 82 ; 
9. 33• ^' °^^ 12. ι8. μίν ουν 6. 149 •^ 
338; 9. 12 ; 11. 112. 

ουσία β. [9], 29, 245, 208. 

οϋτ€ 6. 32, 43-4, 177, 179, 263; 7. ι8, 24, 
92, 94, 237, 239; 8. 2ΐ, 27; 11. 59, 6ο. 



οΖτοςβ. 5, 32,43, 76, 8ι, 135, Μο, ΐ44, ΐ7ΐ, 
223, 225, 229, 259, [26ϊ], 340, 354 383, 
489, 555, 558, 596 .^ 848; 7. μ, 56, 62, 
65, 67, 69, 79, 83, 89, 93, 99, 125, 214, 
23ο; 8.53; 9•ΐ3; 11-42, 69, [73], 76,83, 
86, [ιο8], ιι8, ι67, 225; 12. 2, 3,9, 37 •^ 
71. οΖτω{ή 5. 39 ; 6. 242, 349, 357, 36ο, 
4ΐ8; 7. 63; 8. 48; 11. 33,56, 115, 124, 
ι65, 302. 

ουχί 11. 48. 
οφθαλμός 7. 86. 

παώάριον 8. 46. 
παίδίύίΐι/ 11. 1 1 8. 
παώισκη 6. 492. 

παίϊ 5. 28 ? ; 11. 59, 163. 

πάλιν β. 368. 

Παλλάς 11. 102, [176]. 

παντελώς 6. 15^ ? 

παρά β. 79, 173, 2ΐ6, 296, 298, 302, 315, 
3ΐ8, 327, [338], 537; 7. 45, 47, 65-8, 
205; 10- 2 ίο; 11. 38, 87; 12. 19, 2θ. 

παρα[ 6. 21, 532; 10. 211. 
παρά8(ΐγμα 12. 33- 
παραθαλάττιος 10. 56. 
παραλαμβάνίΐν 6. ^Ι. 
παράνομα 6. 4.58 ? 
παραποΐ€ΐν 1ί. ι6ζ?, 1 75• 
παρασιωπάν 7. 69. 
παρασκΐυάζΐΐν 6. 358• 
παράτασσαν 10. 69. 
παραχρήμα 10. 6θ. 
παρίΐναι 5. 22 ? 
παρΐκβαίνειν 10. 37• 
παρίργως 7. 223. 
παρίχαν 6. 1 66, 1 70, 464. 
παρθένος 11. 93• 
Πάριοι 11. 2 2 6. 
παριστάναι 6. 473•'* 
παροίμιον 11. 2 43 •'' 
παροινύν 7. 4 ^ 3 ί* 
Πάροί 11. 2 24 ? 

Tras• β. 193, 241, [299?]; 7. 21, 421. 
πάσχ^ινβ. 351, 354; 7. 88. 

ΐΐαταρΐνς 11. 129. 

πατ-ΐ7ρ 8. 39; H• 108, II 3. 

πάτριος 6. 5θ8. 

πατρίς 6. 1 88. 

TTfi'^itc 6. 169, 257; 12. 33• 

Π^ιρακΰς Q. II. 



228 INDICES 

Ώΐλασγοί 10. 2 28. 

Π€λο\|/• 11. 125. 

πψπαν [β. 165]; 7- 289• 

πίμπτος 11. Ι52• 

π(νθ([ 11. Ι39• 

weVre 11. 35• 

πεντήκοντα 6. 22 ; 10. 66. 

πι ρ. οΙός nep 8. 3• 

πΐρί β. Ι40-Ι, 177' 179' ^^-> 
3.^4, 336, 352, 649 ; 7. 401, 4, 



24», [281]. 

TTtpitivai 9. 2 1. 
nepifpyos 6. 276. 
πβραστάΐ'πι 6. 947 ^ 
πΐριορΰν 6. 345• 
πίριττίπτίΐν 10. ΐθ7• 
Ώίρσαι 10. 44> [64]• 
•πΐρσίπολις 11. 1 62, 1 76. 
•πέρυσι, β. 690 ? 
■πίτρη 11. 8ΐ. 

πι(9αι;ΟΓ 7. ι8, 94, 173' 236. 
ττιπράσκΐΐν 6. 40• 
■πίστα β. 472 ? 
Πλάτωΐ' 11. ΙΙ3• 
πλήθος β. 37• 
πλησι•^ 6. 823. 
ηλουσιώτατοί β. 153» 72 5• 
nXoOrot 11. 36. 
πόθΐν 7. 4Ι• 

ποίίΐν β. 64, 192, 219, 275 •^ 287, 442; 7. 

49, 392; 11. 6ι, 77; 12- 8, Μ- 
ποιητής 11. ΙΙ9• 
πολί/Λαδόκοί 11. 102 a. 
Πολ6/^αρ;(θί [6. 8.] 
πολί /xf 41/ 11. 7 Ι • 

πολέμιος 6. 1 87, 5^3 ) 10• 97• 
Ώολΐμων [11. Ι Ο 2.] 

πόλι? β. 142, 189; 7. 287; 8. 58; 10. 19, 

2 1, [57]• 

πολίτης 6. Ι9Ι) 201. 

πολιοί 6. 33' 71. [ί62], 2θ6, 265, 544; 7. 
86; 10. 7°"!' ι°ΐ' 1°^; 11• 49• πλύων 
β. 470. 

πόρρω 8. 4°• 
Ποσ^ιδί'ωΐ' 11. 57' 6^• 

TTore β. 858 ; 10. 2 ; 11. 169. 

πότερον 8. 7) II ; U• 168. 

πρ5γ/χα β. 139, 286, 433; 10• 126? 



πράξις β. 851 ; 10. 22, Ι94• 

πράττειν β. 137' 231, 259; 7. 23Ο, 242. 

πρίασθαί β. ζΙΙ• 

πριν β. 250, 26 1. 

πρό 6. 256 ; 7. 86. 

προαγγίλλρίΐ' 10. 12. 

προαιρΐϊσθαι 7. 4^5 ^ 

προήκίΐν 6. 354• 

προθυμΰσθοι β. Ι45• 

προθύμως 7. 2 2. 

προκύσθαι 11. 96. 

ττρο'ί β. 86, 237, [241J, 338, [389], 457, 
46ο, 563; 7. 15, (ΐ9), 25, 6ι, 69, [98], 
[209], 394; 8. 45, [83]; 10. 31, 5°, 67, 
98, 129; 11• 5ΐ ? 

προσεΰχεσθαι 5. 38. 

προσήκοντα 6. Ι 48? 

προσνίμειν 11. Ι73• 

προσφερισθαι 7. 103• 

πρότερου 7. 19» 8. ΙΟ, Ι4• 

προτίθΐσθαι 7. 79 ? 

πρόχειρος 7 ■ ^ϊ 

πρώτος 12. 15• πρώτον 6. 121 ; 11. 265. 

Πτολί/χαΐο? 11. 37®•'^ 

πννθύνεσθαι [10. 62. J 

πίρ 11. 195, 3°6. 

πυρσός 10. 1 16 .? 

πωλεΐι/ 6. 1 9. 1 23. 

ττώτΓοτε 6. Ι75• ' 

ττώί 5. 41 ; β. 321, 344, 538; 7. ΐ73; 
11. 94• 

ρήμα 5. 42- 

σαφής 5. 49 ^ 

σίαυτοΰ 8. 2, 

σεμνΰνειν 12. 9• 

σ»7μα 11. 82. 

σίδηρος 11. 66. 

σκηνί] 10. 88. 

σκήπτρον 11. 44, 48• 

σκοπεΐν 6. 384• 

Σ /fCpos 10. 46• 

σοφώτατος 10. 27 •' 

σπευδΕίι» 7. 238 ? 

σ7Γ0ΐ;δά^6ίΐ' 10. Ι5• 

ΣτίφαΐΌί 11. Ιθ6, 112, Ιΐ7• 

στεφανοΰν 7. 2 86. 

"Στησίχορος 11. 169. 

στ()λθί 10. 64. 



//. NEW CLASSICAL FRAGMENTS 



229 



στρατ(ία 6. 574• 

arpareveiv 6. 189 ; 11. 248. 

στρατηγβι•^ 10. 39. 

στρατηγός 10. 85. 

στρατιώτης 10. 1 1 4 ? 

στρατ[ 10. 136. 

Στρνμών 10. 44• 

συγγνώμη 6. 23 1. 

σνγγραφίΰς 11. Ι09• 

συγκύσθαι Q. 94• 

συκοφαντΐ'ιν 6. 3 ?> 20,5 J 7. 331 ? 

συλλα/:χ3άΐ'€ΐΐ' 6. 28. 

συμβάΧΚαν 6. 486? 

σύμμαχος 10. 42• 

συμπιιθΐίν 10. 6ΐ. 

σνμποΚιτΐίχσθαι 7. 2 ΙΟ. 

συ 8. 8 ; 11. 146; 12. ι. ύμεί? 6. 35> ^34) 
ΐ43-4> Ι50, 152, ΐ73. 207, 220, 228, 234, 
241, 328, 342, 371, 373 ?, 537, 554> 923 5 
7. 159; 12. 34• 

συμφορά 6. 8θ, 121, 155, 200. 
συνεώίναι 6. 316 ? 
σννίκδι8όναι 6. 3^3• 
συνθήκη 6. 39, 45. 1 2 7. 
συΐ'θί[κ 7. 1 1 8. 
συιτάσσίΐι/ 10. 65. 
σφάΧΧίΐν [11. 50•] 
σφόδρα 6. 349, 419• 
σ;^€δόι/ β. 241. 
Ί,ωκράτης 8. 6, 93, ^S^• 
σώμα 6. 352; 7. 32, 7^ ? 
Ί,ωσιάδης 6. 92 ?, 737 ?, 7^1 ? 
σωφρονύν 7. 102, 1 85• 

τάλαι /rof 6. 3°, 17Ο• 

TO^tf 7. 60. 

τάχα 6. 475• 

re β. [167], 259 ; 7. ΙΙΟ; 10. ΙΟ. 

τύχος 6. Ι95• 

Τίκμηριον 6. 328 ; 7. 212. 

τΐκνον 11. 93• 

TfXeiw 12. II, 19, 26, 36. 

TeXeos 6. 20Ι ? 

τ6λ6Τ)7 12. 27. 

Τ€λίυτ[ 6. 577• 

TtKos 6. 170. 

Τίτ{άρτη) 9-31• 
Τίτρακόσιοι. οί TtT. β. 184• 
Τ(τταράκοντα 10. 68 J 11. 33• 
τίτταρα 11. 31. 



τίως 7. 2 88. 
τηλίκοϋτοί 7. ,53• 
τίκτΐΐν 11. 59 {feKfv), 92, 
Tt'juaioi 9. 13• 

Tt/xij β. 14, 7^ ; 10. 23. 

τιμωρία 7. 89. 

Wf 5. 26. ^• 6. 2 25, 2 28, (349), 357, 36ο. 

362, 417; 7. 63, 97-8?, 105, 212: [10. 

ι6, 237]; 11• 146. 
"f 6• 351, 477, 494, 499, 694; 7. 89, 187; 

10. 229; 11• 65, 84, 94• 
τοΐνυν 6. 34, 76, 3θΐ, 368, 377, 3^3• 
toioiJtos β. Ι20, 174, 183, 5^5; 8. 28, 42-3, 

173; 9• 15; 12. 29. 
τοί^οί 7. 15, 3°, 41, 93• 
TOKOS 6. 3 Γ 2, 3^4• 

τολμάν 6. 2 00, 432• 
ToVoflO. 135, 138• 
τοσούτος 6. 347 J 10• ^6. 

Tore β. 197, 231 ; 10. 6 ; 11. 65. 

τουτίστι 8. 53• 

τρ(π€σθαι\0. ΙΙΟ. 

τρΐφΐΐν 11. 1 1 6. 

τρκίκοιτα 6. 247• Ο' ''■ρ. 6• 82, 12 2, ΐ6θ. 

τριακόσιοι 6. 1 64. 

Tptvpapxi 6. 724• 

τρίτος 11. ΙΙΟ.? 

τρόπος β. 5^6. 

τυγχάι/«ι/ 6. Ι42, 68ΐ ; 10. 121, 178. 

-rhn 6. 350. 



υίός 11. [ΐθ6], ΙΙΟ, [ΐΐ6]. 
υα€Τΐρος β. ^7. Ι20. 1^8. Ι 



υιός 11. [lObJ, ΙΙΟ, [HOj. 
υμίτερος Q. 37, Ι20, 158, Ι92, 199, 5^°• 
imip 6. 238, 555; 7. 184, 333; 8. 35; 
11. 389. 

υιτΐρβολή 7. 8 1 , 171.''. 
υπ€ρημ(ρος 6. 25 1, 356. 
ΰπεχΐΐν 7. 9°• 

υπό 6. [ι6ο], ι82, 258, 313, [3δ8]; 7. 412; 
8. 38; 10. 19, 23, Ι02; 11. [52], 89, 

282. 
ϋποΚαμβάνην 7. III ; 10. 32. 99• 
υπομ€ν€ΐν 7. 2 2. 
υπομιμνησκ(ΐν 10. 8. 

φαίν€σθαι 5. 36 ; β. 239 J 9• 9• 
φάυαι 5. 45; β• 302, 493~4 ?; 8. 6 ; 9. ι8 ; 
11. ΧΙΟ, 1X4, 276?, 281; 12. IX. 

φαν(ρός 7. 33°• 
ΦαρσάΧιος 11. Ι Χ Χ. 



230 



INDICES 



φάσκίΐν β. 298, 339> 440 ?, 466, 561, 7θ3• 
φανλοί 8. 35. 4θ, 56• 
φφειι/ β. 86, 537• 

Φ6ρ6ΐ'δάτ»75 10. 86. 

φ(ύγ€ΐρ β. 35, 163, 174. 183. ι85, 427; 
10. 98. 

φίλιος 10. ΙΟΙ. 
φίλοΓ 6, 256. 
φίΚοφρονίστ^ρον 7. ΙΟΙ ? 
φόβος 10. 112? 

φρονϋν 6. ΐ95• 

φροΐ'Γί[ 6. 546• 
ΦρνΜ;(θί 11. ι6ο, ΐ7ΐ• 
φύλαξ 10. Ι04• 
φωνΛν β. 66ο. 

;^αλίπώί 6. 86. 
■χαΚανώτατοί 10. 3^. 
;(αλκόί 11. 67. 
'Κ.αμαϊΚίων 11. 1 68. 
Χάριππυί 7• 283. 
Xcipts 6. 172, [216]. 
Χάροψ (xuios π) 13. 6. 
χίλίοί 6. 351• 



χορηγ€ΐν 6. 329• 
;^ρεία 7. 27. 
X>>i?s 7. 57 ? 

χρη β. 343• 

χρ^μα 6. ι6ι, [ι67], 488; 11. 68. 

χρησθαι 7. 2 1 3, 215- 

χρ(ήσίί) 11. 56 marg. 

χρησμοί 11. Ι30. 
χρι^στόί 6. Ι45• 
χρόνος 10. 7θ. 
χρον[ 6. 762. 
χώρα 10. 2Ι4• 

ψηφίζίσθαι 6. 139, 235. 388• 
ψηφ[ 6. 79 1• 

S 6. 77. [ιμ], 220, [368], 377. 383, [859]; 
7. 221 ; 8. 6, [5oJ. 

ώί/βίσ^αι 6. 15, 40, 73. "9, 123 • 

ως β. 115, 117, 325, 369, [377], 659; 

7. 19, 339; 9• 17; H. 43, 148. 

ωσπΐρ 6. 8ΐ, 252 ; 12. 20, 24. 

ώστε β. 193. 243. 355. 42ο; 7• 64, 463; 

8. 24, 51 ; 10• 94 ; 11• ι87? 



III. SUBJECTS DISCUSSED IN THE INTRODUCTIONS AND 

NOTES. 

(TL• mimbers refer to pages.) 



Abas 30, 38. 

abbreviations 22,95,97, 129- 

30, 147, 189. 
Academic school 94. 
Achaeus 146. 
Acrocorinthus 32. 
Acusilaus 127-8, 14 1-3. 
Aeschines 209-10. 
Aeschines Socraticus 88-90, 

118. 
Agatharchides iii, 142. 
Alcibiades 88-90. 
Alcmaeon, archon 154. 
Alexandria 151. 
Alexandrian librarians 1 30- 1 . 
Alexion 132. 
amnesty in 403 b. c. 50. 



{a) English and Latin. 

Anaschetus 78, 87. 
Andreas 109. 
Apollo 128, 143. 
Apollodorus 90, 93. 
Arad 25. 
archons 154. 
Arclinus 128, 145-6. 
Argives 27, 30, 102. 
Aristarchus 129, 131. 
Aristides 151• 
Aristodemus loi, 107, 112, 

118-19, 122. 
Aristophanes 1 28-9,146, 165. 
Aristophanes of Byzantium 

1 30-1. 
Artabanus 102, 112, 118, 

124-5. 



Artaxerxes 99, 102, 106, 

II 8-1 9, 124-5. 
Asclepiades of Myrlea 1 30. 
Athenians 107, 126. 
Augustus 1 50- 1. 

Bacchylides 27-9. 

Barbari Excerpta Latina 

154-5• 
Bellerophon 45. 
Bithynia 150-1. 
Boges 120. 
book-form in papyri 6, 8, 10, 

12, 15, 19,21,155-6, 162, 

165, 168. 
Boreas 145. 
Bucolic poets 169. 



///. SUBJECTS DISCUSSED IN INTRODUCTIONS AND NOTES 231 



Byzantium 100, 120. 

Cadmus 31. 

Caeneus 127-8, 130-3, 142. 
Caesar-worship 148-51. 
Callisthenes 105, 107,122-3. 
Callistratus 132. 
Caria loo-i. 
Carthage 51. 
Cerberus 28, 31. 
Chamaeleon 129, 147. 
Charippus 75, 87. 
Charon of Lampsacus 99. 
Cimon 99-102, 107-8, no, 

112, 120-1, 126. 
Clidicus, archon 155. 
Clitarchus 105, 118. 
comedy 127, 130-2, 140-1. 
contractions i, 3, 7, 8, 10, 15, 

19, 22, 24-5. 
Corinth 27, 32, 45. 
Crantor 95. 
Cratea 46. 

Cratinus, ΤίΚοϋτυι 127, 141. 
Cratippus 105, 109, 112. 
critical marks 90, 129, 167, 

187, 190. 
Criton 78, 87. 
Ctesias 105, 112, 125. 
Cyprus 100, 102, 104, 106-7, 

112, 122. 

dactylo-epitritic metre 28, 

31-2, 41-3. 
Decelea 70. 
Demeter 149-50. 
Democritus 94-6. 
dialect, Doric 128, 143, 169, 

177-9; Ionic 95, 127-8, 

143, 181-2, 187-9. 
Didymus 129, 132, 148. 
digressions 107, 110,112-13, 

118. 
Dinon 99, 105, 118, 125. 
Dio Cassius 149-51. 
Diodorus 98-113, 118-25, 

DionysiuS 6 μουσικός 1 3 2. 

Dionysus 27, 29-31, 39, 40. 
Dioxippus 75, 87. 
dithyrambs 27-9. 
drachmae 97. 



Eion 100,107, 109, 112,120. 

Eleusinian mysteries 149. 

emendations confirmed (i) 
Aeschines 209 ; (2) Her- 
mas 15; (3) Plato 200; 
(4) Theocritus 170; (5) 
Thucydides 191, 194. 

Empedocles 94-6. 

Ephorus 99-102, 105-13, 
118-25. 

Epicurus 54-6. 

Eratosthenes 129-32, 146. 

Euboea lOO-i, 126. 

Eudorus 95. 

Euripides, \\λκμ(ων 6 tia 

Κορίνθου 12 8, 143 ; Orestes 

163-4. 
Eurymedon 100-2. 106, 

110-12, 122. 
Eusebius 154. 

festival at Olympus 31. 
Frontinus 101, 107, 112, 122. 

Geta 45-6. 
Gorgons 30, 38-9. 

Harmonia 31, 44. 
Harpocration 48, 51, 73, 77. 
Hellanicus 129, 147. 
Hellenic a Oxyrhynchia 109- 

13• 
Helots 102. 
Heracles 28, 40, 145. 
Heraclides 105, 107, 118. 
Hermas papyri 1 5. 
Hermippus, lapeius 128, 

130, 145• 
Herodicus 132. 
Herodotus 100, 109, 11 2-1 3, 

119-20, 181-2. 
hiatus 107, I20, 179, 210, 

213-15• 
Hippocrates 97. 
Hippolytus 19. 
Hippotherses 48-50. 
homilies 21-5. 
homoioteleuton 7, 15, 18. 
horse-worship 151. 
Hyperides 75-8. 



Ion, Oviphale 128-9, 145. 
Isocrates 108. 

Jerome 154. ' 

judges at contests 127, 141. 
Julius Caesar 150-1. 
Justin 102, 107, 109, 112, 
i20j 124. 

Lamprocles 129, 131, 146-7. 

Lasus 27, 41-2. 

Latin versions 2. 4, 6, 10-12, 

15• 

liquid measures 95, 97-8. 
loan, action concerning 51. 
logaoedic metre 28, 30. 
Lycia 129. 
Lycomedes 100, 121. 
Lycophron 75-7, 86. 
Lycurgus 75-6, loi. 
Lysias 48-50. 
Υ.γά'^ψχ^, Bacchae 127, 129, 

141. 
Lysithides 118, 126. 

Manto 143. 

Marcellinus 128, 144-5. 
Men 151. 
Menander 45-6. 
metres 28, 30-3. 41-3• 
metrology 95, 97-^. 
Miltiades 108. 
mina 95, 98. 
mirrors 94-5. 
miscellanies 132. 
Mithridates 124-5. 
Mnaseas 128, 130-1, 145. 
Muses 30. 

Naxians 129. 
Nepos 118, 122. 
Nicaea 149-51. 
Nicomedia 150. 

Odysseus 129. 
Oeniadae 199. 
Olympia 87. 
Olympus 31. 
Omphale 145. 
Orestes 147. 
Orthagoridae 109-13. 



232 



INDICES 



Pallas, ode to 128-33. 

Pamphila 132. 

parents and children 89. 

Parians 129. 

Passion, the 19. 

Paul, epistles of St. 12. 

Pausanias 100. 

Pelasgians 100, 120-1, 126. 

Pelops 145. 

Pentecontaetia 9S-113. 

Penthesilea 128, 145-6. 

Perseus 30, 38-9. 

Persians 99-102, 105-6, 

121-5. 
Phanias 118. 
Phanodemus loi, 105. 
Pherendates 10 r, 106, 123. 
Phorcys 30, 38. 
Phrjnichus 129, 131, 146. 
Pindar, Dithyrajnhs 27-32; 

Olympiati odes 155—7. 
Plato 88, 90, 94-5, 199-201. 
Plutarch 43, 89, 99, loo-r, 

105-7, 109, 112, 118, 

120-2. 
Polemarchus 49, 68. 
Polemon 128, 130-1, 144-5. 
Pollux 77. 
Polyaenus 102, 107, 111-12, 

122. 
Polybius 107. 
Poseidon 127. 
Ptolemaeus 129. 



αθανασία 154• 
άκναμπτίί 28, 45. 
αναλάμβαναν 86. 
άναμνημίσκων 'JO, 
aveivai 1 54• 
άνίχαν l6l. 
άπ^Ίττασθαί 'J 6. 
άπο\€\νμ€να 28, 3 1. 
άφ(ϊκίν Ι47• 



•γραμματ€υΣ 2 1 3• 

^ιαγόμ(νοί 74• 
Βιάλίγΐσθαι 77• 
διορυχη 86. 



recensions, Tobit 1-6 ; Acts 
10; Plato 199-201 ; 
Thucydides 190. 

Rufus 133. 

schema Pindaricum 42. 
scholia on Pindar, Dith. 29 ; 

Aristophanes, Plutus 165, 

167-8; Herod, iii 180, 

187-9. 
Scyros 100, 106, 120, 126. 
Seleucus 132. 
Semele 31. 
Sicyon 109. 
sigma in lyrics 41-2. 
Simonides 27, 129. 
Socrates 88-90. 
speeches in Thucydides ii 

194. 
Stephanus son of Thucydides 

128, 144-5• 
Stesichorus 28, 129. 
Stobaeus 95, 200. 
Strabo 41-2, 131. 
Suidas 77, 130-2, 162-3. 
symbols 95, 129. 
Syncellus 154. 

Thebans 27, 31. 
Themistocles 88-9, 99, 
106-7, iio-ii, 118-20, 

125-6. 

Theocritus 169-70. 

{b) Greek. 

fyy ovos 145• 
ϊγ^νηθη 76, 86. 
fSiKaifivTo 182, 187. 
ftδωλ(I 94—6. 
ίίσαγγελία 75—^• 
€Κκολλΰν 1 8. 
epKOS αΚμας 39. 
f τηρούσαν 25• 
€υάμπνξ 28, 39. 

Καινή 142. 
Κ,αμβύσην 1 82, 188. 
κάρυον 98. 
κατσίΓτριζομίνων 96. 



Theodectes, Orestes 129, 147• 

Theomnestus (ι) 48, 50-1, 
73; (2) 75,87. 

Theophilus 76. 

Theophrastus 127, 130, 141. 

Theopompus 105, 107-9, 
111-13, 122-3. 

Theozotides 51, 71, 73. 

Thersippus, archon 155. 

Theseus 100, 107, 121, 126. 

Thirty tyrants 49-50. 

Thracians 129. 

Thrasonides 45-6. 

Thucydides (i) the historian 
98-100, 102, 106-7, 109- 
13, 118-22, 128, 144-5. 
190-1, 194, 196-8; (2) 
the politician 128, 144-5 > 
(3) the Pharsalian 128, 

144-5• 
Tithraustes 123. 
Tobit 1-4. 

vellum codices i, 23, 163, 
194, 197. 

women 25. 

Xenophon 113. 
Xerxes 99, 102, 106-7, 118- 
19, 126. 

Zeno of Citium 131. 



Κΐντοιη 143• 
Kepavvtiv 23. 
κιβδαλο? 41. 
ΚοάλφΟί 144. 

«όγχ'? 95, 97• 

κοχΚιάριον 97• 
κύαθος 97• 

λογισταί 2Ι3• 

μ{6{()1καν Ι47• 
μΐταμί\ησαν 'JI. 
Μνσια όρχηματα 1 63• 
μνστρον 98. 



///. SUBJECTS DISCUSSED IN INTRODUCTIONS AND NOTES 233 



ο 179. 

01, oi 38. 
6πτάν(σθαί 4. 

Ονχ ΟΤΙ 3. 

■παρανόμων 73• 
παρασιωπάν 'J 6. 
Tlarapevs 1 45• 
■ηατίρων 40. 
ntpaimaeiv 197• 
πΧόκο! 44—5• 
ffoXeo 45. 



πρηχμα I 82. 
πυλαι 42. 

ριψαύχην 43• 

σάζ/ 41^2. 
στάσις 44• 
σνμμικτα Ι 32. 
σ,ι^οιίΌΓίί'εια 28, 4•^• 
σώμα 76—7• 

ταπεινοφροσύνη 1 9 ■ 



TfKif 143• 
Τ€τάρτη 97• 
τνττανον 43• 

φάμα (eVrt) 44• 
φνντα 2 ζ. 
φύοντι Ι 7 7 • 
Φόρκοί 38• 

χόρ/ία 45• 

xpw« 143• 

χρησίί 142. 



IV. PASSAGES DISCUSSED. 







PAGE 








PAGE 


Acls xxvi. 7-8, 20 = 1597. 






Deuteronomy xxviii. 66 = 


= 1600. 43-8. 


Aelian, Var. hist. ii. 1 2 




93 


Dio 


Cass. Ii, 20 


. 140 


Aeschines In Ctes. 14-27 = 


: 1625. 






Hi. 36 




. 154 


Aeschines Socrat. Fr. i 


Krauss = 




Dio 


Chry?. xviii, p. 283 




. 108 


1608 


. 84 sqq. 




Diodorus iii. i 2-48 . 




III 


Fr. 2 = 1608. 82-4 






V. I . 




• 107, no 


Frs. 3, 4 


. 


88, 90 




xi. 17 




. 119 


Agatharchides, De mare Eryih. 7 


142 




19. 5 . 




. 119 


Anecd. Bekker p. 97 . 




77 




30• 4-5 




102, 125 


Anecd. Ox on. ii. 452 




142 




54. 4 • 




. 127 


Anecd. Parisinum de notis 




142 




56. 7 . 




126 


Apollodorus iii, 7. 4, 7 




143 




56.8 . 




. 118 


Aristides i. 325 Dindorf . 




94 




57• 3 • 




. 125 


ii. 292 


. 88- 


90,94 




57• 7 • 




. 126 


ii. 369 




88-9 




58• 4-59 




. Ill 


Aristodemus 10 


I 


18-19 




59• I . 




126 


II. 2 . 




122 




59• 2 . 99, 103, 119, 125-6 


Aristophanes, Clouds 967 = 


1611. 176 






59• 3 99, 


102-3, 119-20, 125 


Phdus 1-56 : 


= 1617. 






59• 4 . 


99-100, 103, 120 


Athenaeus v. 220 b . 




144 




60. 1-2 99 


-100, 103, 120, 126 


vi. 234 d . 


. 


144 




60. 4 . 


lOI, 103, 121 


viii. 331 d, &c. 




145 




60. 5-6 


100-3, I2I-2 


X. 448 c, 455 b- 


c 


41 




61. 1-2 


123, 126 


xi. 467 a. 




41 




6r. 3 . 


101, 103, 106, 123 


Bacchylides xiv 




28 




61. 4-6 


IOI-2, 104, 123-4 


Barbari Excerpta Latina 


(Schone 






62. I . 


. 121 


Euseb. Chron. App. 6) . 




154-5 




62. 3 . 


. IOI-2, 122, 126 


Catullus, A/jys g 




42-3 




63• 7 • 


126 


Censorinus 9 . 


. 


28 




65. 4 . 


126 


Cicero, Bru/. 204 . 




107-8 




68 


. 108 


Ho r tens. Fr. 1 2 . 




107 




69. I . 


• 102, 104, 124-5 


Ctesias Frs. 29-30 . 




125 




69• 3-4 




124-5 



234 



INDICES 





PAGE 






PAGE 


Diodorus xi. 71. i . 


. 124 


Lysias 


Fr. 122 Sauppe 


48,69 


xii-xiv 


III 




123 . . 48, 


69, 73 


xiv. 9 . . . 


109 




310 ^ ^ ^ . . 


51, 73 


II. 


. 108 




Τΐΐρι των Ιδίωι/ eixpyeaiajv 


70 


Exc. Vat. viii. 24 


109 


Marcellinus, Vit. Thiic. 16-17 . 


144 


Dionysius Halic, De comp. verb, i 


4 • 41 




28 


144 


Ecclesiasticus i. 1-9 = 1595. 




Menander, Μισού /xefoy 26 . 


47 


Ephesians vi. 12 


• 23 




Fr. 1 1 Koerte . 


46 


Ephorus Frs. 107, 109-10, 124, 126 . 108 




14 . 


47 


115 . . 99, 


106, 118 




ΙΙ(ριΚΐΐρομ4νη 408— 9 . 


47 


X16 . . loi, 106, 121-C5 




P. Beriin 


46 


FHG iv. 642 


. 108 


MetrologiciScriptores(Hultsch)i.75-6 


> 


Euripides, Orii/<?i 53-61, 89-97 = 


1616. 




235, 238, 256 


97 


Eusebius, Chron. i. 188 Schone 


154-5 




i• 234, 243 


98 


Eustathius, Homer A 264 


. 142 




ii. 198-9 . 


98 


1335• 52 . 


41 


Nepos 


Themist. i . 


93 


Frontinus, Strateg. iv. 7. 45 


lOI, 122 




9 . . . 


118 


Genesis vi. i . 


. 26 




Ciinon 2 . 


122 


Hebrews xi . . . . 


• 25 


Nonnus, Dionys. iv. 28 sqq. 


44 


Hermas, Shepherd, Sim. viii. 6. 4- 


8.3 


Numb 


;rs xxi. 1-3 . 


25 


= 1599. 




Papyri, P.Brit. Mus. 128 . 


180 


Herodian ii. 2 . 


• 94 




P. Oxy. 12 . 


106 


Herodotus iii. 26-72 = 1619. 






1012 


132 


vii. 107 . 


100, 120 




1076 


• 1-4 


viii. 75, no . 


. 119 




1241. ii. 15 


131 


HesychiuS, ττει/τε κρίτα'ι 


. 141 




1376 . 109-11, 113 


Homer A 264 .... 


. 142 




Sitzungsber. d. Berl. Akad. 19 18 


; 46 


Υ 221 sqq. . 


. 145 


I Peter v. 8 . 


23 


Horace, Odes iv. 2. 10 


28 


2 Peter ii. 4 . 


26 


Hosea iii. 3 . 


21, 23 


Phlege 


then Fr. 34 . 


142 


Hyperides, vnep Ανκόφρονοί . 75, 


77, 86-7 


PhotiuS, ΤΙνθου . . . . 


145 


σννη-γορικός 


. 77 


Pindar 


, 01. i-ii, vi-vii = 1614. 




Fr. 171 Blass . 


• 77 




Py. ii. 80 . . . 


39 


Inscriptions, Brit. Mus. G.I. 1004, 


1074 25 




Fr. 71 Schroeder . 


27 


C.I.A. ii. 804, 807 . 


78,87 




74b 


31 


O.G.I. 55. 6 . 


. 147 




75 • • 27-8, 


40, 42 


Ion, Ompliale Fr. 24 Nauck 


• 14.5 




79 a = 1604. II. 1-3. 




Isaiah liii. 7 . . . . 


21 




79 b = 1604. II. 8-11. 




Jerome (Schone, Euseb. C/^row. App 


.lb) 




80. 


42 




154-5 




81 . 


31, 40 


Joel i. 6, 8 . 


21, 23 




167 .. . 


142 


John vi. 8-22 = 1596. 






168-9 • 


40 


Justin iii. i . . . . 


. 124 




208 = 1604. IL 13-14. 




ix. I . 


100 




249 .. . 


3i> 40 


Lucretius ii. 611 


• 163 




254 .. . 


39 


Lycurgus, Contra Leocratem 72 


. 122 




284 .. . 


38 


Lysias xii. 17 . 


. 69 


Plato, 


Hipp, maior 283 d . 


93 


63 . . . . 


. 70-1 




Meiio 740 = 1611. 1 15-19. 




xxviii .... 


• 76 




Philebus 62 d . 


86 



IV. PASSAGES DISCUSSED 



235 





PAGF 






PAGE 


Plato, Fro/ag. 337 b-357 a = 1624. 


Schol. Pindar, 0/. ii. 43 . 


161 


■^^P- 335 c . 


• 93 


70 . . . 


145 


Timaeus 71b, 72c . 


. 96 


77 • 


161 


Pliny, Nat. Hist. viii. 155 


• 151 


Py. ii. 80 . 


39 
147 


Plutarch, Themist. 2 


89, 93 


Plalo, Alcib. i. 387 


12 


. 119 


Sophocles, ^/ΰ'Λ' 694-705, 753-64 = 




27 


. 118 


1615. 




28 


. 119 


Stobaeus, Ed. ii. 46 


95 


Cimon 4 . 


. 144 


Strabo x. 466 . 




163 


7 . 


120, 126 


469 . 




41-2 


8 . 


. 121, 141 


Suetonius, lul. 61 . 




151 


12 . 


loi, 121-3 


Aug. 52 . 




149 


13 . 


123-4 


Suidas, Μυασεαί 




130 


A'' or at. 835 e 


. 68 


Νυσια . 




163 


835f . 


69-70 


ΥίοΚίμων 




130 


849 d . 


. 77 


ΣίΚΐυκος 




132 


De Mas. 10 


28 


Syncellus i. 368, 399 Dindorf . i 


54-5 


Polemon (FHG. iii) Fr. 4 . 


. 144 


Tacitus, Ann. iv. 37 


149 


47-8 


• 131 


Theocritus, Id. v, vii, xv = 1618. 




^8 


. 144 


Theopompus Fr. 28 Grenfell-Hunt . 


III 


Polyaenus, Strateg. .1. 34. i 


102, 122 


90 . . . 


105 


Polybius iii. 113 


• 197 


217, 283 


108 


xii. 28 . . . 


107 


I Thessal. iv. 13-2 Thess. i. 2 = 1598. 




Psalm ii. i = 1600. 49-55. 




Thucydides i. 11 -14 = 1620. 




xliii. 22 . 


21 


98 . . 107, 120 


, 126 


Schol. Aeschines, De/als. leg. i 


8 . 77 


100 . 


122 


In Ctes. 15 


• 213 


137 . . . 11 


8-19 


ApoUon. Rhod. i. 59 


128, 142 


138 ... . 


126 


Aristides 217 Dindorf . 


128, 146 


ii. II, 35 =1621. 




Arist. Birds 445 . 


. 141 


65, 67 = 1622. 




Clouds 967 . 


128, 146-7 


iii. 7-9 = 1623. 




Hesiod, Theog. 117 


. 145 


Tobit xii. 14-19 = 1594. 




Homer A 264 


128, 142 


Virg. Aen. ix. 619 . 


163 


Lucian, Gall. 19 . 


. 142 


Zenobius, Cent. iii. 64 . . . 


141 


Pindar, 6>/. i, 115 . 


i6o 









Plate I 








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No. 1610. Fr. I 






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JLL&i^4α3N~T-Q'• 



No. 1619. Fr. 10 



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Γ ^Λχτ^ 

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No. 1624. Col. Ixvi 




C KyriH 



No. 1624. Cols. Ixiii-iv .-.. ^ *-4 



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No. 1620 



EGYPT EXPLORATION FUND 



GRAECO-ROMAN BRANCH. 

ΎΉΕ EGYPT EXPLORATION FUND, ivhich has conducted Archaeological research 
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R 



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B. P. Grenfell and A. S. Hunt. ij. net. 
FRAGMENT OF AN UNCANONICAL GOSPEL. By B. P. Grenfell and A. S. 

Hunt. js. net. 
COPTIC OSTRACA. By W. E. Cruji. 10s. 6d. net. 

THE THEBAN TOMB SERIES, Vol. I. THE TOMB OF AMENEMHET (No. 82). 

By Nina de G. Davies and A. H. Gardiner. 305. 

Slides frotH Fund Photographs 7nay be obtained through Messrs. A'cwton er' Co., 37 Ring Street, 
Covent Garden, W.C. 2. 



Offices of Ibe Egypt Exploration Fund: 

13 TAVISTOCK SQUARP:, LONDON, W.C. i, and 
503 TREMONT TEMPLE, BOSTON, MASS., U.S.A. 

Agents : 

BERNARD QUARITCH, 11 GRAFTON STREET, NEW BOND STREET, W. i 

HUMPHREY MILFORD, OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, AMEN CORNER, E.G. 4 

29-35 WEST i2ND STREET, NEW YORK. U.S.A. 

C. F. CLAY, CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, FETTER LANE, E.G. 4 

KEGAN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER & Co., 68-74 CARTER LANE, E.C 4 

GEORGE SALBY, 65 GREAT RUSSELL STREET, W.C. i 



BRiGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY^ 



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