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3 fl OT 33 fl I C 

v - M 2 

t 1 A Oil 



IN the Introduction to the First Part of this Dictionary, a general Yiew was exhibited of' the Origin, Nature, 
and History of the Chinese Language j any part of which it is unnecessary here to repeat. 

The Chinese Work, Woo-chay - jun-foo^. jft n|j ffi which the following Part of the Dictionary is founded, 
was compiled by Chin 5een-sSng Bjft -4p /fc who is said to have spent his life in making the collection of words contained 
in it ; and to have died before its publication. He committed his Manuscript to the care of his pupil Han-yih-hoo 
'tJl' ~~* lM w ^ trave " e( ' over tne whole empire in order to verify it, and add to it. 

Some of Chin Seen-sang's pupils rose to eminent situations in the state ; and when the Emperor Kang-he 
projected the formation of his Dictionary, one of them, Pwan-ying-pin 5gJL Jjj 2C* mentioned lo that great Monarch the work 
of his Master. After much was at last found yet unpublished in the hands of Hanylh-hoo. Considerable use 
icems to have been made of it in the compilation of ffanghe't Dictionary, for the definition is often verbatim in both. 

Pwan-ying-pin, mentior.ed above, encouraged the publication of the Work, and wrote a Preface to it. He there gife 
it as his opinion, that there are in Chinese, including synonimous words, and different forms of the same Character in the 
plain hand, Fifty Thousand Characters; and taking in every variety of accentuation, that there are from Four to Five Thou- 
sand enunciated words; and if sounds, for which no Characters exist, be included-, he thinks there are Five Thousand Words. 

In the original, the arrangement is according to the Sounds and the Tones; but the Characters pronounced alike, and 
which diner only in Accent, are placed in different volumes, and divided with so much minuteness as to puzzle all the Natives 
whom I ever saw attempt to consult it. In the year 1812, I took it to pieces, and arranged it under the Syllables as they now 
stand. It contained about 40,000 Characters, which I at last thought proper to abridge to the number which is contained in 
this Part of the Dictionary. In the progress of the Work, I hate collated it with Kanghe's Dictionary, which is commonly 



much fuller. d with a null CbiMie Dicliontry, called Fun-yun ^ ^ a, dl with the Alphabetic Diction.ry of the 
Human Catholic Missionaries. 

The Pei-win-yun-foo ftj( ^ ^ jff Dictionary, if atranged in the same manner as lh Woo-chay-yun-foo, and is 
equally con.plic.tcd nd difficult to be consulted. I posses>ed Ihii hook from the commencement of my Chinese studies, 
but neTer found it useful. There are ISl volumes in nil, full of bare quotations, and parts of sentences which are often 
obscure in themselves, and are generally unaccompanied by any illustration. It was compiled by order of the Emperor 
KamfHe, in the forty-third year of his reign. Seven years were required to complete it; .and seventy-six Literati where 
engaged in collecting and arranging the materials. In A. D. 1 71 1 , it was published. 

The .l"rh-ya SI jJtt it an ancient Dictionary, rather of things than of words, and. is BOW. usually printed in three quarto 
volumes, with wood cuts ; when ils definitions are useful, they are generally quoted in KmgMt Dictionary. 

When a Person studying Chinese, sees a Character which is .new to him, he is unable to find it in a Dictionary 
by its Pronunciation, for that is not asccrlainable from the character itself; he mutt therefore seek for it under its Badictl or 
Key, hence the necessity of the First Part of thi< Dictionary: but when a Student hears a new word pronounced, or 
recollects the sound of a Chancier which he wishes to use in composing, and the formation of which lie either never knew, 
or forgotten, its arrangement under the Keys will not enable him .to .find the Character required ; then it is, that the 
Alphabetic Arrangement becomes necessary. 

It having been determined to be more concise in this Second Part of the Dirlkinnry th.ui in the First; it was thought 
practicable to finish it iu one year ; and the desire to have A Complete Part for the use of Subscribers, induced the Author 
to interrupt the Printing of the Pint Part in order tu.Prioi thi, which is uow laid before the Public. 

A person who would learn Chinese, must at< first .employ Books r Papers which contain the correctly .farmed Cha- 
racter; a knowledge of abbreviated forms must be acquired in. the nine way as a knowledge of the running hand in any 
.Alphabetic Language, where the scope and connexion assist the Reader in determining for what the imperfectly formed 
letter is intended. To insert iu a Dictionary all the mist-iiellin*i, abbreviations, and distortions, which ignorance, or 
caprice, or local usage .adopts, would be an absurd and endless task : there are, however, some abbreviations very gene- 
rally used, and those, it has been thought right, in many instuiccs to insert below the more correctly formed character, 
connecting them bj a brace. 

As it is a principle in most Languages, that from a ihort word of a specific meaning, rariouc other words, increased 
by the addition of letters, or syllables shall ari.-f, us plants grow up ai.d oQ' from a root, something similar exists iu 
lie Chinese Language, and which, as the Student will find, Las been attended to in the arrangement of HIM Part of {he 


Dictionary. The following were laid down at rulci by the Author to himnelf, in the arrangement of the Character*, but those 
rules 'hare not been invariably adhered to. 

I. That the elementary wordi or Primitive!, under each Syllable, should follow each other according to the numbei 

of strokes in each. 

II. That the Primitives should be joined with their compounds, according to the order of the Chinete Keys. And, 

III. That after regularly formed Characters had been given under each Syllable, the Anomalous, or Miscellaneous 
Characters should be inserted. 

The Chinese Accents or Tones, of the more usual Chiraclers are marked, according to the mode which is given in the 
Author's Grammar tfthe Chinete Language, to which the Reader is referred. As the Tones are not an original part of the 
Chinese Language, but like the Hebrew Points, a subsequent addition ; and though useful, not essential, be would recom- 
mend the Student to defer attention to them, till he has acquired a stock of words and idioms, and then, if acquired at all, 
it must be by the ear from a living teacher. Without a good Chinese Assistant, a correct pronunciation is nut attainable. 
nor is at all of importance to reading and understanding Chinese books. The nicer modulations of the living voice 
<anuot be taught by letters. Accents and other Mvks may recall to a Native the right tone, but will not enable a Foreigner 
to acquire it. No Frenchman caa I .raru to [no mun.-.e English well by book. Marks fur this purpose arc almost useless, 
and it they be made the foundation of the Classification (if words, they become most embarrassing, even to Natives, as it 
every day exemplified in thiu, in the use of ihe Dictionaries arranged according to the Tones* for the Accents and 
quantity, are often vr.v disputable subjects on which Scholars and Dictionaries differ materially. 

It will be found from the following Work, that -there is a great variety of Pronunciation, in parts more perceptible than 
the Accents ; and wliich in various instances will embarrass a beginner, and for which there is no remedy, but more know- 
ledge and experience of the sul-jrcl. 

The Student must not expect from lliis Work, the precise words -to be employed in translation, but so much of the 
meaning of a word, as will furnish him with a clue to select a proper phrase. Nor must the Poetical meaning of words 
be expected to be given with precision; nor the whole of (he figurative meaning; nor the Clatsical allusiani,onM occa- 
sions. These require more associated cfl'urt: more diversity of talent, and of pursuit, than have yet been applied by 
Europeans to the Chinese Lai.guage ; and much more than is likely to be soon applied ; not because Chinese is less worthy the 
attention of European Literati than many other subjects to which they do attend, but because application to it is not dktated 
by fashion, nor by interest, nor by. national intercourse. 

To undertake a dtfenc* of every lenient* k> the Dictionary, and to answer every objection which has been, or 


anticipate those which may be brought against it, would be an unprofitable occupation. That it has fault*, and 

contain* errors, the Author will feel no reluctance in acknowledging! at the same lime he mutt affirm, that he a not 
convinced of am that are material. 

Some Persons hare thought the Dictionary too diffuse; and others hve been gratified by the occasional notices of 
Chinese opinion* and uage*, which are introduced. 

The Author's object has been, and the intention of the Dictionary oug-ht to be, to communicate the Language to 
F.uraffi-iti Now the question i, can this be done by a bare definition of tingle words and of detached sentences ? If it ran, 
the Dictionary if too diffuse; but if it cannot, the Dictionary is probably not sufficiently copious. The fitness of the 
Dictionary to effect its object, depends entirely on the determination of the question proposed. The Author is of opinion, 
that European', and most of all of those out of China, and who bate no Native Assistant, cannot learn Chinese from a Die- 
tionary, which contains only a definition of single word-, and of detached sentences. Still with such a collection of Book* 
and Papers, respecting Chinese, as is contained in some European Libraries, and with a great sacrifice of time, it is probable 
that considerable progress may be made in the Language; but these are helps which few- can command ; and what may be 
practicable in that case, becomes impossible to those who are differently circumstanced. 

From this view of the question, the Author is still convinced, that with exception of a few paragraphs, as much of 
the Dictionary as has been Published, is rather too concise than too diffuse. To compare it witli a Dictionary of a Lan- 
guage, intended for the inhabitants of a country, with whom that Language is vernacular, and to whom all the allusions 
contained iu the language are more or less familiar will lead to an erroneous conclusion. And, since Grecian and Roman 
dory are familiar to the inhabitants of Europe, to compare it with Greek, and Latin Dictionaries, will also mislead the 
judgment. The Chinese are an original people. Their modes of thinking and reasoning are original ; and are often widely dif- 
ferent from those of Europeans, which difference is sometimes amusingly apparent in the disquisitions of European Writers, 
who try to trace the motives of Chinese conduct in various cases. Some Writers attribute a train of thinking and judging 
to the Chinese, which a very slight acquaintance with the m/nrfof China would convince them never existed. And an ig- 
norance of the usages and MM of China, will always subject a foreigner to a misapprehension of their language, in any thing 
that is a little more recondite than, hand a chair ; or, bring a plate. 

When the Author expresses his opinion here, and elsewhere of the great difficulty of learning Chinese in Europe, 
he doet it with regret, not with triumph, and to find that he is mistaken will lie a source of pUature, not of mor- 

It has been suggested that the Orthography of the Dictionary should have been that of the Manuscripts and Books already 
found in Europe. Had there existed any uniform Orthography in the world, it would have been adopted before the suggestion 


was made. But the Portuguese, the French, and the Germans, had all previously uned an Orthography suited to their retpre- 
tive languages, and different from each other. In fact this variety in writing the names of Persons, Places, and foreign Words, ii 
a material defect in Alphabetic writing; which defect has introduced much confusion into History, Geography, and Foreign 
Languages. As no uniform system of writing Chinese words with the Roman A I pin bet existed, the Author could not Me any 
propriety in his giving the English reader Xi, for the sound She; Gael, for We : ; Pirn, for Ping, fii, for Ttze, &c., merely 
because the first European Writers on the Chinese Language hid spelled the sounds in that manner. Tl e French had already 
altered much of the Orthography ; they had turned Xi into Chi, for the sound which in English is expressed by Shr t but that 
tended to mislead the English reader (for whimi the Work was particularly intended) just as much as the first spelling, and 
therefore it was judged proper lo adopt an entirely new Orthography. There are, however, some single sounds, which at 
first sight an English Scholar would spell differently from the Orthography of this Dictionary, hut when he has gone through 
all the sounds, he will probably find that the one he has adopted, is wanted in another part of the tyilem, with a different sound 
from that in which he has already used it , for example Kae and Keae, where At, has the sound of igh, in the word high. It 
occurs to many to write this sound with Ay ; but ay, is required in Chinese Syllables pronounced as in the words, Day, May, 
&c., Trhich confounds the Chinese sound High, here spelled Hue, with the English Hay. If it be said, why not make it Hi, 
1 would ask the objector to write He-ae f Portuguese Hiai,) which he must then make JKi. I further request him to 
write the sound Wei, or the Portuguese Gael; for which Ei alone will answer, but Ei in the preceding instance, and in 
this, must be pronounced very differently. 

So with respect to the Syllables Teen, Heen,&c. Some would write Tien,Hien, but iff has been adopted, as is employed 
above in Hi, Hien will by no means give the sound wanted ; in the one case, Hi sounds like High, and in the other, like He. A 
similar confusion in other cases could be easily exemplified, were it here necessary. 

Without assuming that the Orthography adopted is the best possible ; it is affirmed that to enable a person to judge, it is 
requisite that he first spell art the Chinese words; for to judge of single words only will mislead and subject him to the absurdity 
of giving the same spelling (or different soundt. 

la extenuation of the stiffness and occasional harshness of the style in this Work, it may be said, that as long 
as the tense of the English sentence is apparent, a literal and idiomatic translation of Chinese Sentences is much 
better for a Student, than a free and vague translation, which contains generally the idea of the original, but nothing 
of the manner. A man who wants to learn the language of Confucius, had better hear him with a little of his Chinese 
idiom (call it broken English if you will) than listen to him speaking the most Classical English stjle. Although a free 
translation is always more easy than a close translation, the Author prefers the latter, because he thinks it mere calculated 
to answer the end proposed : but to unite a close rendering and perspicuity, is sometimes impracticable, in such cases 
more freedom must be used. 



Apologies for real faults are seldom well received, because they are very often tlie unfounded pretexts of ignorance 
or carelessness: however the) are sometimes well founded, and should bo listened to liy candid interpreters of men's 
characters and works. The Chines;: Letters, in this part of tho Dictionary, are confessedly dehcic-ut in elegance of form. 
The large cues in the first Part of the Dictionary, are in general, beautifully written: but those in thin volume, though 
correct, are sometime* rather clumsy. The difference was occasioned by an Act of the Chinese Government; it said, 
' You may learn our language if you can, but we will afford you no facilities ; our suljects shall not cut letters for you." 
In consequence of this decision, it became necessary for an English Printer to write the Characters, and to employ I'ot tuguese 
subjects locutlheui. And fur some lime, neither the Writer, 1'iinler, nor Type Cullers, had any native assistance. The 
experiment proved to all parties, that such assistance was not now indispensably necessary. 

A* to the uli'ity or importance of the Chinese Language, it does not well become the Writer to spenk much in its fa- 
onr. It has been said, that " It must be left to Merchants and to Missionaries to t<'il their way through the wilderness of the 
Chinese Language to the deserts of Chinese Liter.. turf."* This is the language of narrow prejudice, inor..nt of Ihe su ! ject of 
which it speaks, and will not weigh much with those who can view the human species with more liberal sentiments than such 
as are dictated by merely national or European feelings. Without insisting on the fact, that there are beautiful pieces of 
Poetry; interesting aid instructive portions of History and Biography; and important Moral Maxims, in Chinese, as well 
as in other Languages; that it is a language amongst the most ancient and Ihe most extensively known on earth; that it 

is the living language of live nitions, which together, consitute one Ihird of mankind. Not to insist on these circum. 

stances, I would now recommend another view of the subject : 

It is not the sole question which the virtuous member of a f.imily puts to himself. Will this benefit me t He 

also asks in reference to any course of action. Will this do good to. my family I The true Pat iot goes beyond his family 

occa.. onally, and docs whal he Ihinks for the benefit of hU country, though not lo the interest of his own family; and the truly 

good man, sometimes does that which is an inconvenience to himself, or which does not beaelit his family or his country iiu- 

mediately, but which is calculated eventually to benefit mankind. Whilst Christendom lus furnished many individuals who 

have cherished a real and practical general benevolence, it has seldom or never entered into the views of learned bodies, or 

national councils to act occasionally solely for the benefit of others. Scholars otte;i ask, what they are to get by learning 

Chinese; but supposing there be nothing to learn, have European Scholars nothing to teach? has it never occuned to 

them as Individuals or as Societies, to karn Asiatic languages for the purpose of writing Looks of and of general Litcr- 

ilurc in those language-. ? If they, whose uiii ds l.ave been illumined with the shearing beunii of science, will not sometimes 

learn foreign languages ft,r th<- purpose of communicating it, how is it to be expected tout those who yet grope iu darkless, 

should be at Ihe Iroi.ble to learn a foreign language for the sal%eof th..t knowledge of which they cannot perceive Ihe vaiue. 

11 men continue lo act on th s principle, the pi ogress of science must indeed lie slow. 


* ElecLc ilcview. 

England, Holland, Vorlugal, and America, liuve at present, most intercourse with China; and tlieir pecuniary interetlt 

are most concerned. The Dutch Government indeed rules over an extensive colony of Chinese, 011 J..TH. Is it exp'.-ct'.ng 

loo much of these several Governments to devote a few hundred pounds annually to the cultivation of the Language of the 
people with whom they have extensive dealings ?- Is it too much to ask them to fe iTe some existence in their Public ?chooli to 
a Lingiiage which contains many Thousand Volumes of Original Literature? Will the Colleges and Universities them- 
selves not allow of any appropriation of their funds, nor any encouragement to their leisure members to attend to this 

Till a few individuals of correct sentiments and feelings, whose sole profession is Literature and Science, be sup- 
ported by their respective Governments, or learned Societies, to study and te.ich the Chinese Language, its Character 
cannot be fairly estimated, nor can European Science be transfused into it. The mind of man is but limited. Mcrchanti 
and Missionaries have other objects to attend to besides Language, Literature, and Science. They are not therefore 
to be hastily blamed because they do not perform all that is desirable. 

The sentiments of Chinese Sa^es and Moralists are quite in favour of peaceable endeavours to communicate the 
knowledge one man possesses to another ; nor can they, according to their own principles ever blame it. They have 
indeed sometimes acted on the principle both in ancient and modern times. Confucius travelled tt> instruct and civilize 
others; and the reigning Dynasty sent an envoy to Loo-choo, to advise that District Schools should be established on 
those islands, and that the King should reward, by his favour and countenance, the diligent students. St.ndard Chinese 
Writers blame the selfishness, which under various plausible pretexts would hide the light of truth, or forbid its being 
exhibited to the views of mankind ; and their Moralists enjoin the virtuous to print and distribute widely good books. 
It is true, that their benevolent doctrines are but rarely seen in their practice; but it is not to justify what they do, that 
their sentiments are here introduced, but to shew that they also inculcate the opinion, that we should not always act 
merely from a regard to ourselves. 

This doctrine is perhaps universally acknowledged in respect of individu-ils, and as it is equally true of largo 
communities and of nations ; the more it is adopted ai d acted on by these, just, in the same proportion will Peace and 
Order prevail throughout the world, and ultimate happiness, t e wish of every heart, be geuerally diffused. 

* The soil of Oiirntal Literature in Holland, as elsewhere, is barren. Litin and Greek Literature receive more en- 

.couragcment here. 1 should be mure reconciled to it, it some $ mall part of this patronage were to overflow upon the 

orientalists. H. A. Schullens, to Sir IV. Jvnei. 


It K incumbent on the Author to return tincere thanks to THE TToyomim.e THE COURT OF DIRECTORS OF THE 
fxiTED EAST INDIA Co>rA*v, for their generosity in defraying the expense of this Work ( and also to return his best 
acknowledgement* to the Select Committee, and fereral other Gentlemen, belonging to the English Factory in China, 
whose good office* have not been wanting to second the liberality of the Honorable Court, in regard to the progress of 
the Dictionary. 

To His Majesty's Ministers, who act as Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, the Author is indebted for the 
rem'uiion of all Import Charges on the Dictionary, and his other Publications on the Chinese Language; and he feel* 
it his duty to express here, the grateful sense he entertains of their condescension and kindness in thus encouraging the 
efforts of an individual to promote the study of a hitherto neglected part of Philology. 

lf*c*o, CiriHj, * M - 

Oct. 8, 1819. 




1st. To those Student* who hear a Native speak Ihe Mandarin Tongue, and to those who have those founds upon i 
memorv, tlu: reference is at once to the body of the Dictionary in the same manner as in any Alphabetic Dictionary. Sd. 
When Persons who speak the men- Northen Diahrts are heard, No. I, will help lo remove difficulties which arise from variety 
of Pronunciation. 3d. When a Student hears Persons who speak only the Canton Dialect, assistance will be derived from 
No. III. And 4th, When a Student consults Manuscript Dictionaries, No. IV, will refer him to the ?)llible which 
corresponds in this Dictionary. 

5th. When a Person who knows not the sound of a character, nor has any living Teacher, desires lo find a Character 


which he sees in a Chinese book, he must refer to No. XI, where the Characters are arranged according lo the number of 
the strikes of the pentil, exclusive of the Radical : thus /^"Wflis -found under the Radical A or'^ Jin, and fnestrokes. 
4^ Chung, under ;Q\ Sin, and four strokes, &c. "When the Character sought is found by this mean*, the Syllable oppotite it, 
will direct to that part of the body of the Work, where its definition -will be found. 

6th. When a difficulty occurs in ascertaining the proper Radical, assistance will be found from \o. XII, in which case all 
the lines in thp Character must be counted, aud when found, the Radical will be seen at the lower part of the column. 

7th. To a Person composing in Chinese, No. XIII, by referring from the numbers to the body of the work, will assist the 
memory,' or suggest' new terms. It must not be expected from it that rt will enable a Persdn wholly ignorant of the language 
to choose proper terms to express his ideas. See Contents. 

fcf- The Reader will find more on this subject at the commencement of the Second Volume. 


It will Itssen the difficulty of finding iron/*, to remember thet 

1. Ching and Tsing, Cho and Tso, arc sometimes confounded with each other. 

2. G, is hard in Gih, 

3. Gan and An, Gaou and Aou, are used for each other. 

4. K, in the Peking Dialect, before e aud i,. is pronounced as Cu and Ts ; thus King,, is turned into Ching; and Ktanj, 

becomes Tseang. 

5. H before e and i, is by some pronounced as Sh and as t ; thus He, becomes She, and UeS, is changed to SeJ. 

6. Man and Mwan; Pan and" Pwah, are confounded. 

7. Tsoo and Choo ; We and Wei ; Me and Mei * are also confounded. 

a. The provincial Pronunciation, as given in this Dictionary, is that of the City of Canton, which is often different fiora 

that of Macao, and other districts in the Province; and, 
9. Although the Pronunciation of each class of Characters be generally the same, there are exceptioni ,- and it ha> not 

been attempted to give the pronunciation of each Character by itself. 


[ - ] Ping-shing. [ > ] Shang-shing. [ ' ] Keu-shing. 

[c] This added to the preceding, denotes that they are aspirated, or are pronounced with a forcible 

breathing, supposed to resemble the Spiritus Asper of the Greeks. 
TART ii. e 



J. Oa the Anomalies in the Orthography. ..;... 

II. Marks ued in the Dictionary ibid. 

HI. Orthography of the Canton Dialect XT. 

IV. The Orthography of theold Manuscript Dictionaries with the corresponding Orthography in this Work. . x?ii. 

Y. A Table of all the Syllables in one page. *'* 

VL The Syllabic Dictionary 1 

VII. A list of stars 106& 

Till. Addenda and Corrigenda. 1084 


IX. Content!. ...... I MM iii. 

X. A Table of the Radicals. T . 

XI. Index of Characters under the Radicals 73 

XII. A Table of Keen-bze Characters for shewing the Radical of complicated Characters. .... 129 

XIII. Index of English Words, referring by numbers to corresponding word* in Chinese contained in the 

Syllabic Dictionary. . . . . . . . .130 

XIV. Tung-win jfSj ^ or a collection of the Running Hand and Seal Characters, arranged Alphabetically, as in the 

body of the work. 

Those who choose to do so, may bind these two volumes in one; but the liability of Chinese paper to tear easily, 
it an objection to a thick volume. 









Jug, Ung . . . . 




A, (broad) see 


E, Ne, Ng, see 







En .... 


Han see 



Hoan .... 


Ka se* 



Heen .... 


Kae, Koe . . . . 


Chi see 


Fa gee 



Ying} - 


Kak, Hak.... 
Keem .... 





Haong .... 


Kan, Han.... 




Fe.Fei .... 

Fe, Fei 

Haw 1 


Kaou .... 
Keep, Keet . . 




Fo,*Wo .... 


Hei, He 








Hcem .... 



















Keong .... 


Chan .... 
Cheok .... 



Fung -I 
Hung*/ ' 




Ho, Fo .... 
















K (it'll .... 



Chak \ 

Chek* / ' 
Chin \ 
Chan*/ ' 



Ga see 

W, Ya 

Hoan, Koan . . 

Hoe. Foo 


. Haou . 

Kin .... 
Kung .... 

Kwa .... 






Gow, Ow 

Hung .... 


Kwiu .... 



f Chu 

Gung "1 


Heea .... 



Kwong .... 








\\\j\j ... 

Kwae .... 




Ha see 



Kwo,Ko .... 




Hae 1 
Keae*/ "" 



Jin, Yun see 


Kwok ... 


* Macao Dialect. 



Vcnj .... 





.... Shen 






.... Shg 

La tee 




Pong .... 





Le : h 



Ping .... 




Lam, Lao... . 




Paou .... 






Muog .... 





.... Shg 

Lae, Lap 

















.... Shoo 



Nn, No .... 






Lang .... 















.... Shwfiy 



Nam .... 








Ning .... 





.... So 








.... Sok 








.... S5 


Lean S 







.... Sang 

Lew .... 

Lea ou 



Poon .... 



.... Shoo 



N> <-p .... 


Paou .... 



. .. Saou 



N''onjj .... 


Pung .... 



.... Sin 



New .... 



.... Sin 



Nik .... 







"Ning .... 


Sik see 






Noang .... 


Sam .... 





Ping .... 






Sang .... 







Sap, Sit .... 


Luy .... 




Sow .... 



see Ta 








Nune .... 


Sei : . . . 



.... Teih 

Nimg .... 





.... Tan 

Ma tee 







.... Tan 



Seen .... 



.... Ting 




Sk .... 



.... Ti 














.... Te 

Ming .... 








Maou .... 




Sin:; .... 



.... Tee 

M,y .... 


Oan, Yun 








Oei .... 





.... Tew 




5, GS 







Ow, Gow 





.... Ting 


Mat \ 
Meet / 



Shan \ 
San * / ' ' ' ' 




.... Tae 
.... TS 



Pa ee 










1 '-v .... 




Ming .... 







.... Tselh 








.... Scu 


Tslm see 



ee Tsing 
.... Tso 



ice J Wan 
| Fuen 

Wool lee 
Wooy .... 


Tsing .... 











.... Woo 

L -VI L . . . 



.... Tsoo 

Ya tee 





\ Tso, Tsoo 


see Bwa 








f Hwi 



Tsee.Tsze .... 




V* <IIV 


. Hwan 

Yaong .... 













.... Twan 




YJ, J(h 




.... TS 


.... Yung 









Ying, Ing ... 

Ying Woo 

Tseuue .... 



.... Tu, 











Ju, Joo 

Tseut .... 



.... Yu 



.... Hoo 






With the corresponding Orthography in this Work. The first word is that found in the Manuscript Dictionaries, the 
opposite one that of this Dictionary. The Manuscript used on this occasion was a copy of that in the library of tlie Royal 
Society, and which was ouce the property of Sir William Jones. The French and Germain have altered some of the Syllables. 



see Tseay 


see Tsun 

Che" see 



- - T'.ee' 





^i see 


9! en 

- - Tseen 





?ai,cay - - 



- - Tsin 

Chin . - 




S a " 


- - Ting 


Ching - - 


^arn, gang 


91 u 


ChS - - 







- - Cha 

Choang - 







. - Cha 

Chu - - 





- - Tso 


. - Chae 

ChB - - 


^eni, geng - 



- - TsS 



ChuK - . 









v - - 






Chui . . 


?iang - - 




- - Chay 

Chnn - - 







- - Che- 

Chung - - 


PART 11. 




lift ] tee 


Ring see 



Fl if c 


H5 - - 





9CC j\Ts 

Fin - - 


Hoa - - 


Kin - - 



Fang - - 
Feu - - 
Fi, F> - - 





Kiu - - 




- ,>lilC 

- - Man 
M ao u 

F8 - - 

Hoan^' - - 


Kiung - - 





Hoe - - 


Ro - - 
KS - . 







Hoi-i - - 


KS - - 



- - Ming 





Ku - . 



- - Me 



Kua - - 
KuS - . 




Gai. Ngai 
Gan, Njjan 


Hu5 - - 




K \Vfin 

..... A' 
- - Meih 

Gao, .Ni;;u> 


Jang - - 


Ruang - 
Kue - - 



- - Mew 

G<J, Nj - 




Kuei . - 



- - Min 



Je - - 






Geng, Ngeng - 


Jue . . 





- - Mo 

Geu, Ngeu 







- - Mi$ 

Gin - - 


Jeng . . 


Kuo, Ko - 

Kwo, Ko 


- - Mfih 

Go, Ngo - 

Go, Wo 



Kufl - - 




G8, Ng8 - - 


Jong - - 






Goei . . 


Jin, Gin - 





Gu, Ngu 


JS . . 






Ju - . 



LS - - 

Lai - . 




f Mwaa 
' \ Man 

Hai - - 





JJan - - 
Hao . . 


Jim - . 







- - Na 

H, n - . 


Jung . . 




- - Ni 

llni . . 
Hi . . 


Ran . . 


Lei.g - - 
Leu - - 





- - N.m 
- - Nang 

Hia . . 


Rang - . 


Li . - 




Hiai . . 


Kao - . 


Liao - - 



- - Now 

Hianjr . - 


R - - 


Lie - - 



- - Ne 

Hiao . . 


Ken - - 






Hi . . 








Hi -. - 


Reu . . 





- - Ne8 



Ri - - 






Hii-u - - 
liin - - 
Hing - - 
His . . 
Hiu . . 



Ria - . 
Kiai - - 

Riang . 
Ki on 
KiS . . 


Ling - - 
Lo . . 

I.fl . . 

La . . 





- - New 

Hiu* . . 




- - No 

Hii-ucn - 

He mi 

Ri - - 
Kien - . 
Kin - . 


Lui - . 





- - NS 
- - Ndh 
- - Noo 


- Wuy 


Nun see 


Sen see 


Ti see 



see Shay 



Seng - - 


Tiao - - 



- - Sh 

Xuun . . 


Seu . . 





- - Shth 

Si - - 








Tien - - 




- - 







- - She 

- - 


Sic . . 


Ting - - 



- - Shin 

* - - 


Sig . . 







Sig . . 


TS - - 



- - Sho 






- - ShS 





Tu - - 



- - Shun 








- - Shwa 

Pan - - 







- - Shwi 

Pang - - 

Sid - - 


Tung - - 






Si5 - - 






Pe - - 


Siu - - 





Peng - - 


Siug - - 


U, Gu - - 



- - ShwS 

Sh w u y 



Siuen - - 


Ul.Ulh, Lh - 




Piar> - - 






Pi? - - 


So - - 




Pig - - 


ss - - 


Pieu - - 


SS, Su 



Vi - - 



- . E 
- - Ya 

Pin - - 
Ping - - 
Po - - 



Sui - - 
Sun - - 


Vai - - 
Van - . 
Vang - - 





- - YS 

- - Yang 

P8 - - 
Poei - - 


Sung - - 
Szu - - 


Ven - - 

Vi - - 
Vo - - 




- - Yay 

- - Y 
- - YTh 

Pu - - 



V3 - . 



- - Yen 



Vo - - 



- - Yew 



Ta - - 


Von - - 



. - Yin 



Vu - - 



- - Ying 

Tai, Tay - - 




- - Y 

S5 - - 


Tan - - 


Xa . - 



- - Yah 

Say, Sai - - 


Tang - - 


X$ - - 



- - Yu 





Xan - - 



- - Yu 

Sang - - 


Te - .! 


Xam "! 


- - Yuen 

Sao - - 


Teng - - 






sk - - 


Teu - - 


Xao - - 



- - Yung 


A, 1. 

IP, 40. 

HS, 82. 

Keili, 123. 

LeO, 1^5. 

Ming, 907. 

Pe'en, 248. 

Phay, 290. 

Teen, 332, 

Tung, 375. 

An, S. 

.111, 41. 

Hwie, 88. 

Kro, 124. 

.I'll, 165. 

M wan, 208 

Pfi, 229. 

She, 291. 

'eih, 333. 

Tuy, 376. 

Aou, 3. 

in, 41. 

Iwan, 84. 

Keu, 125. 

Leu, 167. 

Peih, 250. 

She, 292. 

Tew, 334. 

Tan, 377. 

an;:, 43. 

Iwin. >5. 

Keue, 126. 

^eiien, ins. 

Na, 209. 

1'ew, 251. 

Shen, 293. 

Ttb, 335. 

Mia. 4. 

Ging. 4J * 

Iwang, 86. 

Keucn, 127 

Ledh, 169. 

\i, 210. 

Pih, 258. 

MiTh, *94. 

Ting, 336. 

dh, 378. 

Chi, . 

i;inil, 45. 

HwSng, 87. 

Keiih, 128. 

Lew, 170. 

Nae, 211. 

Pin, 253. 

Shin, 295. 

To, 337. 

Ung, 379. 

Chae, 6. 

lih, 46. 

Iw8, 88. 

Keuu, 1*9. 

Lih, 171. 

Nan, 2W. 

Ping, 254. 

Shin;:, 296. 

TO, 338. 

Urh, 880. 

Chan, 7. 

o. 47. 

HwBh, 89. 

Keung, ISO. 

Lin, 172. 

Nang, 213. 

Po, 255. 

Sh8, 297. 

Too, 339 

Chang, 8. 

GiS. 48. 

Hwuy, 90. 

Kew, 131 

Ling, 173. 

NSng, 214. 

P8, 256. 

Shoo, 298. 

Tow. 340. 

Wa, 381. 

Chiou, 9. 

low, 49. 

Kih, 132. 

Lo, 174. 

Naou, 215. 

Poo, 257. 

Show, 299 

I'si, 341. 

Wi, 382. 

Chay, 10. 

Jang, 91. 

Kin, 133. 

1,8, 175. 

Ne, 216. 

Pow, 258. 

Shuh, 300. 

1'sae, 342. 

Wae, 383. 

Che, 11. 

Hae, 50. 

Jaou, 92. 

King, 134. 

l.oo, 176. 

Nrang, 217 

Puh, 259. 

Shun, 301. 

Tsan, 343. 

Wan, 384. 

Ch, 12. 

Ian, 51. 

Jay. 9S. 

Ko, 135. 

Low, T77. 

Neaou, 218. 

Pun, 260. 

Shwa, 302. 

Tsang, 344. 

Win, 385. 

Chen, 13. 

Hin 52. 

J, 94. 

K, 136. 

Liih, 17-8. 

Ne6, 219. 

Pung, 261. 

Mnvi, 303. 

Tsing, 345 

Wang, 386. 

ChTh, 14. 

Ian;;, 53. 

Jcn. 95. 

Koo, 137. 

I. mi, 179. 

Niien, 220. 

Pwan, 262. 

Shwae, 304. 

Tsaou, 346. 

We, 387. 

Chin, 15. 

Hing, 54. 

Jlh, 96. 

Kow, 138. 

Lung, 180. 

Neth, 221 

Shwang, 305 

Tse, 247. 

Wei, 388. 

Ching 16. 

liiou, 55. 

Jen, 97. 

Kfib, 139. 

Luy, 18). 

Nc5, 228. 

Sh, 263. 

Shw8, 306. 

1'seang, 348. 

Wo, 389. 

Ch8, 17. 

He, "56. 

Jin, 98. 

Kim;:, 140. 

Lwan, 1&2. 

Neu, 223. 

Pae, 264. 

Shwiiy, 307. 

I'seaou, 349 

WO, 390. 

Chno, 18. 

Hea, 57. 

Jing, 99. 

Kwa, 141. 

New, 224 

San, 265. 

STh, 308. 

Tseay, 350. ' 

Woo, 391. 

Chow, 19. 

HeS, 58. 

J8, 100. 

Kwi, 142 

Ma, 18S. 

Nin, 225. 

Sin, 266. 

Sin, 309. 

Tsee, 351. 

Wuh, 392. 

Chue 80. 

Heae, 59. 

Joo, 101. 

Kwae, 143. 

Mi, 184. 

Ning, 236. 

Sang, 267. 

Sing, 310. 

Tseen, 352. 

Chuen, 21, 

lleang, - 60. 

Jow, 102. 

Kwan, 144. 

Mae, 185. 

No, 287. 

Ping, 268. 

So, 311- 

TseTh, 353. 

Ya, 393. 

Heaou, 61. 

Jiien, 103 

Kwa.i, 145 

Man, l!6. 

N8, 228. 

Saou, 269. 

So, 312. 

TseO, 354. 

Y5, 394. 

ChiSh, 22. 

He, fi2. 

Jiih, 104. 

Kwang, 146 

Mang, 187. 

Moo, 229. 

Se, 270. 

Soo, 313. 

Tseu, 355. 

Yae, 395. 

Chun, 23. 

Heen, 63. 

Jun, 10ft. 

Kwing, 147 

Mang, 188. 

Now, 230. 


Scang, 271. 

Sow, 314. 

Tseue, 356. 

Yang, 396. 

Chun;;, 24. 

Ili-ili, 64. 

Jung, 106. 

Kwei, 148. 

Maou, '189. 

Nuh, 231. 

Seapu, 272. 

SHh, 315. 

Tseuen, 357. 

Yaou, 397. 

Chuy, 25 

HeS, 65. 

Juy, 107. 

Kwo, 149. 

May, .190. 

Nun, 232. 

Seay, 273. 

Sun, 316. 

Tseun, 358. 

Yay, 398. 

Chwa, 26. 

Hen, 66. 

KwS, 150. 

Me, 191. 

Nung, 233. 

Pe, 27.4. 

Sung, 317 

Tsew, 359. 

Y8, 399. 

Chwae, 27. 

Heu, 67. 

Kae, 108. 

Kwuh 151 

Meaou, 192. 

Nuy, 234. 

Seen, 275. 

Suy, 318. 

Tsih, 360. 

Yen, 400. 


Heuen, 68. 

Kan, 109. 

Me, 193. 

Nwan, 235. 

^eih, 276. 

Swan, 319. 

Tsin, 361. 

Yew, 401. 

HeBh, 69. 

Kin, 110. 

La, 152. 

Meen, ',94. 

<cS, 277. 

Sze, 320. 

Tsing, 362 

Yin, 408. 

*; 29. 

llenn, 70. 

Rang, 111. 

L4, 153. 

Mei, 195. 

0, 236, 

Seu, 278 

Tso, 363. 

Yin, 403. 

Heung, 71. 

King, 112. 

Lae, 154. 

Mew, 196. 

8 , 237. 

Seue, 279. 

Ta, 321. 

Ts5, 364. 

Ying, 404. 

n, so. 

Hew, 78. 

Kaou, 113. 

Lin, 155. 

Meth, 197. 

Pa, 238. 

Peuen 280. 

Ti, 322. 

Fsotf, 365. 

YO, 405. 

Fan. 31. 

Hih, 73. 

Kf, 114. 

Lang, 156. 

Mih, 198. 

Pi, 239. 

Seuh, 281. 

Tae, 323. 

I'sow, 366. 

Yu, 406. 

Fang, 32. 

Hin, 74. 

Kea, 115 

Lang, 157. 

Min, 199. 

Pae, 240. 

Seun, 282. 

Tan, 324. 

Tsuh, 367. 

Yu, 407. 

Fe.orFei, So 

Hing, 75. 

Kei, 116. 

Laou, 158. 

Ming, 200. 

Pan, 241. 

Sew, 283. 

Tang, 323. 

Tsun, 368. 

Yuen, 408. 

Foo, 34. 

Hn, 76. 

Keae, 117 

Le, 159. 

Mo, 201. 

Pang, 242. 

Sha, 284. 

Ting, 326. 

'rsiing, 369 

YBh, 409. 

F8, 35. 

Hfl, 77. 

Keang, 118 

Leang, 1 60 

MO, 202. 

Ping, 243. 

Phi, 285, 

Taon, 327. 

Vsuy, 370. 

Yun, 410. 

Fow, 36. 

Hoo, 78. 

Kea. .n, )|9 

Leaou, 161. 

Moo, 20S. 

Paou, 244. 

Shae, 286. 

Te, 328. 

l\wan, 371. 

Yung, 411. 

F8b, 37. 

How, 79. 

Kcay, 120. 

Leg, 168. 

Mow, 204. 

Pe, 245. 

Shan, 287. 

Teaou, 329 

Tsze, 372. 

Fun, 38. 

Hung, 80. 

Kef, 121. 

Leen, 163. 

Milh, 205. 

Peaou, 246 

Shang, 288. 

Teay, 330. 

Tflh, 373. 

Fung, 39. 

Hwa, 81. 

Keen, 122. 

LeTh, 164. 

Mun, 206. 

P e e, 247. 

Shaou, 289. 

Tee 1 , 331. 

Tun, 374. 









A, as in Art, or as if written Ah. 
This initial sound is common in the 
Provincial Dialect of Canton ; in the 
A'u'fln or Mandarin Dialect, it 
becomes Ya. 


f 1. Of the second class; 
inferior. This is the ap- 
pellative so common in the 
names of poor people, as A-lan, 
A-pin, &c. Many row write it |{pj* 
O, which, in the Provincial Dialect, 
is pronounced as A. For words thus 
pronounced, see Ya. 



At if written Aan. Provincial 
Dialect, Oan. 


2. Rest ; composure. For a 
further definition, and words 
thus pronounced, see Can. 


A broad, and coalescing with Ihe 
other vowels. Provincial Dia- 
lect Ow, as in How. 

/ 3. A deep bay ; inlet from 
the sea or mouth of a river. 
For further definition, and 
words thus pronounced, see Gaou. 


A broad. The Provincial Dialect 
in the same; by tome pronounced 

1 4. Wood floating in 

_^JJ^~ water ; a float ; a raft ; to 
j ~\ examine into; to enquire ; 
to refer to records in public offices. 
A surname. A bar or hindrance. 
J5 1 Keu-cha, The great raft, 
probable allusion to the ark of Noah. 

Cha-chi ^Q- Aj to examine ; to scru- 
tinize narrowly. 

Cha-hea 1 ~K name of a plac?. 

Cha-wan I RJj to enquire, to >k 
about, to investigate. 

en A 



Tuis word, occurs very fre- 
quently in Chinese government pa- 
pers. after stating a case, and brfore 
g'm n, they use it denot- 

ing, / have referred to the law, or the 
recttrat of the office, and find then 
follows an opinion or decision. 

' 5. Settlings; grounds; 
dregs ; faeces. The nam* of 
a river. 
Cha tsze K VfF dregs; fo?ces. 

/ 6. To smear ; or to apply 
ointments or other external 
medicines to the skin. In 
common use, but not sanctioned by 
the Dictionaries. To prick AS with 
a pin or needle. 

Cha-hwa ^g ^ to delineate with a 
needle. (MS. Dictionary.) 

7. To tread upon with 
the feet.. 

Cha-U OX P* denotes, the same. 

** (1 J* U- 

Not sanctioned by some Dictionaries. 

8. Plants which float on 
the surface of the- water. 

9. Wood floating on water. 

The same as number 4; 

Reiterated, Cha-cha, The 
Toice of a certain bird. The name 
of a fruit. 

MO. A wooden bar; to 
stop or hinder as with a 

'wooden bar. The name of 
a place. 

II. To stretch out; to 
extend to opo or spread 
Cha-hoo ^aE- p -to open a door. 

Cha.yen 1 "=" stretched out word* ; 
ostentatious speech. 

I . To, stretch out to. 

\ 13. Th appearance of 
st ne! tumbling down, is 
expressed by^ ^ Cha-ra. 

14. Adhesive. From Cha, 
To stretch, and Shro, M illet 
or grain, of which paste is 

made. Reiterated Cha-cha, or 
Cha-na |j|8> 1fa& adhering together as 
when pasted; mutually adhesive; 
sticking together. 

* Chay, Large; wide. 

15. An empty noisy blus- 
ter ; rodomontade. From 
Ohay, To spread wide, and 

Sia, The heart. 

16. An ill-closed cicatrix. 

17. A large horn, wide 
spreading horns; to seize 
an animal, as by the horns. 

18. To talk big. ^ 
Cha-na, To be ashamed 

of poverty, and to endea- 

vour to conceal it by a wordy 
ostentatious display. 
Cha-naou | ^hj inexplicable, clamor- 
ous, and ostentatious boaiting, lo 
conceal actual poverty and meanness. 


To, A fierce and artful tiger. 

19. To take, to seize. Com- 
pounded of Tso, A ravenous 
artful tiger, and Yew, The 

20. To take hold of witu, 
the hand. 

21. A house going to de- 
cay ; a ruinous house. 

22. To place the fingers 
upon ; to feel with the 

ff ^ fingers ; to take with the 

23. The name of a river, 
^1 1""* or stream of water, in the 


24. A species of grain. 
Red ^ Taou Grain is 
called ^ ||[ Chih-ch*. 

25. An incrustation fondl- 
ed over a sore by matter, 
is called jjjfl ||| Kea-cha, 

and J|jj BB Kea-kea. 

26. A red pimple or 
swelling on Ihe nose ; from 
cold or the influence of 


Characters which may be considered the Primitives of those that immediately follow; different forms of the same character, 
nd characters whicb-alwaj s or occasional!) cxprcs. the same sense, are placed here in a smaller sized letter. 




27. A pimple on the nose. 

28. The reddened swelling 
of a drunkard'! nose. Same 

, as 26. 

29, Distorted teeth ; the 
teeth unevenly set. 

I % 30. Plants floating on the 
surface of the water. Same 

as 8. This character is 
pronounced several other ways, in a 
variety of senses. 

' 31. Thenameof a sacrifice 

offered in the close of the 


38. , To bind close; to 
restrict; the name of the 
sacrifice referred to in the 
preceding definition, because in the 
close of thejear, nature binds up 
every thing. 

33. The juice or sirup of 
a plum-like fruit, called 
'ci* jll Chang-tsaoM. - 

34 Same as 33. 

t 35. To be out of the 
straight line ; to exceed ; 
i^/F i to be beyond. Erroneous ; 
error; mistake; differing. Read 
Chae, To send. 

Cl.a ptih to TJ5 ~ft^ !%f error not 

Cha puh yuen 1 ^?\ j|J| error not 

remote; i.e. nearly, not very far 
from the truth. 

Cha tih yuen ] ^{J if| different 
from remotely ; very different from. 

Yih she cha tso \\^ 1 $& a. 
temporary mistaki- ; f.iiling for once, 
or accidentally, into error. 

* 36. A small spear. To 

_*. tf -. - 

pierce ; to stab. 7S& ^|l 
Tsan cha, To shrink up, to 

' 37. To pare or hew wood 
or trees aslant 
Kan-dui, To 
hew 5 to fell. 

parej to 

C. 38. A certain description 
of boat, .or (mall vessel. 

39. The upper garments 
put aside, and discovering 
' the under parts of the dres. 

N 40. A name, different from 
what is usual, for coppen 
coin, or money. 

Yew, The hand. 

t 41. The -fingers of the 
hand inserted into each 
other;. any thing diverging, 
or forked ; a road diverging into two 
or more direction*. 

Cha show ^? 3i the hands j.oined. 
with the fingers crossing each, other. 

. 42. To take hold of by 
compressing two things, like 
nippers ; an instrument for 
harpooning certain fish, by sticking 

it into the mod. To tir'tkfi to hit 
will) llic fist. Used for number 41. 

c 43. Water diverging into 
several stream*. Forms part 
of the name of a place. 

* 44. The parUof Chinese 
garments which open on 
each side to afford room to 


C. 45. A kind of clasp; to 
fasten a girdle round a per- 

_ G 48. Diverse or strange 

^Nf speech. To reprehend. To 
\J/ ^- take hold of a person's er- 
rors; to be suspicious. 

47. The name of a plant. 
The budding of herbs > a 

r it 48. A diverging road ; to 

49. A receptacle for r- 
. rows ; a quiver. 

t 50. The side of the face; 
the jaw. Expressed also by 

t 51. Tea. The Chinese 
commonly understand by 
the single term Cha, The 

The sorts commonly known to 
Europeans are these. Bohea, j^ ^ 
;M;\VOo-c-cha, now called y j T.i- 




<ua,; find, Campoi, Ug ^ Keon- 
pei; Sd, Congo, ~f -^ Kuu-r-foo ; 
4th, Pekoe, j /Ql J'lh-haou; 5lh, 
Pouchong, or Padre tea, 'flj 

11 cbung ; 6lh, Souchong, /K S3} 
Seaou-chung 7lh, Caper or Sonchi 
tea. if| J^ ?hwan S .che, or ^ 

fl Choo-lan. - The seven sorts of 

Black Tea are understood generally 
by the term jj& 2jt E-cha, or by 
contraction r/H E, fom ^ y^i 
l|i Woo-* than, The Woo-c, 
(Bohea) hills in Fuh-kcen Province 
where they grow. Tlie Green Teas 
are, 1st, Sung-lo, JQ jjj^ Sung-lo, 
2nd, Hyson, ffB ^He-chun; 3d, 
Hyson skin, & Fc-cha ; 4lh, 

Twan-kay, jtj V|| Tun-ke ; 5th, 
Gun-powder tea, orj*jj j Choo- 
chs, (Pearl tea); tb. Ouchain, or 
Young Hyson, pj| fltj Yu-tseen, 
(before the rains). The six sorts 
of Green Tea are denominated 
generally by the term, fe. 
Sung-cha. They grow in the Province 

^|" Kan cha, To inspect tea ; 
toeiamineitsquality. S| 1 Ching- 

cha, To weijih tea. Si ] Panjr- 
i >'. . l 

cha, j^ | Paou-cha ; or 'j^ J 
Tun.clia, To prepare tea by boiling. 
P | Kclh-cha, or ^ | Chth- 
cha, To drink tea; the more usual 
phrase is [tj^ I llo cha. 

Cha-chung^jU Jj^ a tea cup. 

Cha-hwa | fe the flower Camellia 

Clia-ke ^ /L A small stand or tahl- 

ou whiib to pl.icc tea' 

Clu-mS 1 ^fe tea which is much bro- 
ken; broken down to mere dust. 

Cha-pei 1 5I> a tea-cup. 

Cha-she At ^b a tea spoon. 

Cha-sze 1 fijl) a person who inspects 
the quality of teas and decides the 
prices, is, at Canton so called ; a 
Tea Inspector. 

Cha-tsze 1 'pt the broken refuse of 
tea-leaf, used by the Chinese to wash 
the hands with. 

Cha-ye ' 'IS: tea leaf t the term by 
which the Chinese distinguish the 
leaf from the infusion. 

. ' ' t 52. A lone or expletive, 

used in modern songs. 

t. 53. To rub as on Applying 
any ointment with the hand. 

Chachwang ^ ^ to rub with any 
application a wound or sore. This 
character is not sanctioned by the 

Cha-fun ] ^ to paint the face ; 
to rouge. 

54. Difficulty in walking, 
is expressed by jj^j f^f 

p I 55. Suddenly; inadvertent- 

^^-> ly ; abruptly ; speedily, has- 
tily ; for a short lime ; to 

Cha-keen ^p ^ to see unexpectedly 
and for a short time. 

' 56. A loud sound; a 
X3^ tumultuous noise. To 
haste to eat. Used also in 
the sense of 58. 

57. Largrj big; ostenta- 
tious; boastful. 

58. Broad; wide; full; 

% t 59. An unfinished house 

A^ or dwelling. A shelter sud- 
J |"* denly raised. 

Cha-ya t^ fjjp uneven ; irregular. 

60. A wound which does 
not close. 



a severe state of 

1 - Tne name of a p' antj 

I 62. A stone tablet. 

f 63. A kind of press for 

rf* f *~ 

^^ ilraining w ; ne or other li- 
quor ; to strain ; to defecate. 

64. To ornament with silk. 

' 65. Erroneous ; false ; de- 
ceitful, fraudulent. 

Cha.shen = ^ hypocritical. 

Cha-jen 1 j^C fallaciously ; fraudu- 

Cha-tsang 1 ^f and |j I Go-cha, 
To obtain money from people by 




working on (heir fears; applied 
chiefly to the officer!) of the police 
and retainer! about public courts. 
Cha-wci j fgj false; hypocritical. 

66. To utter what it shame- 

67. A carriage split or broken. 

68. A kind of preserved or 
pickled fish. 

Cha-yo ;& J| name of a fish, de- 
cribed like the blubber fish; said to 
be two kinds, the red and white; 
the fir^t sort is eaten b the Chinese. 

orTsih, If arrow; ttrait; 
deep defile. 

69. To press down with 
the hand ; to bold a thing 
down with . the hand. 

70. An utensil for com- 
pressing and defecating oil 

or wine. 

71. A wine pressi an uten- 
>il for expressing oil. 

To, An ear of groin tending 
down, whilst iti roftl spread 
out under grtund. 


/ 72. A young girl ; an un- 
married woman. 

' 7$. The name of a plant. 

74. The round of fire 
burning briskly ; the noise 

of flame ascending. 

75. To sputter and speak 
angrily; to boot at; to 
speak to sharply. From T8, 

To rely on, and Kow, The mouth. 

16. From Chlh, To dwell, 
and Mouth. To fume and 
(putter at in anger; to 
matter) to crauneb and roako a 
noise with the mouth and teeth. To 
commiserate. Used for 76 and 78 

77. Saraea76and78. 

78. To talk wildlj and extra. 
Tagaotly i to boast and talk 
ostentatioutlj. Strange j 
extravagant From to dwell or 
consist in, and words -, q. d. con- 
listing only in wordi; mereUlk, cot 
el preterea nihil. 

To sputter and admit moiitet 
from the note. 

. tt. 



('II A 


~^ TO. From Show, The hand, 
^Fl and Yin, PtoopingV - - To 

T ^^* pluck up; to eradicate. 

Chi ft ^ jj^i to bind together; the 

amc is expressed by Xjg, %,j- Chen-f,.. 

Cii hwa 1 xj/" to embroider with a 

needle, (MS. Dictionary). Not anc- 


tioned by; probably belongs 


to 81, or ii a vulgar and local usage 
of the character. 


. , , 
. A plain board < 

mrd to writ,- , ' 

or tablrt 
on 'before the 

invention of paper, was 
called ChS ; and jjy ^Keen cha, or 
I Shoo-cha, are still used to ex- 
press letter. A numeral of the 
scales or pieces of armour. Untimely 
death by plague or pestilence, is 
zpretied by Cha. 

1- 1 

81. To bind the part of a 
bow grasped by the left 
hand; to tie or bind to- 


It. Name of an intect. 

\ t '- A bird with varie- 
gated feathers; a certaiu 
water bird that feodi on lih. 

81. Distemper; pes- 


tilenre; untimely death. 

85. To prifi with a st\1e 

-or needle ; a particular form 
of statement to the Em- 
' pefor. 'A certain bundle <if paper 
' "lied $J f ,(hat,, or <g|| 
| Che chii; in th'n -sense appears 
-on the jigii boards of Stationers. 1 

kit) ' ' J 

.Ip. Cha-tan, A written agreement 
made between the buyer and seller. 

86. A diligent and strenuous 
exertion of one's strength. 

87. Desultory, incoherent 
discourse, is expressed by 

88, A gate that may be 
opened or shut, whether 
placed at the ends of streets; 
narrow passes in the country, or on, 
canals forming a kind of lock. 

Chi-tsa JijjJ -t- a gateway at streets 
or passes, kept by a military guard. 

Chi-fang ' Jlj the guard-house at 
a Chi. The wall and gateway which 
limits, or forms a barrier, to Euro- 
peans at Macao, is called H 

m l 


ChS-ho ] '/nT the river with locks; 
expresses the famous Chinese Canal. 

1 nri 
Chi-mun j BH a lock on a river, or 

' canal. 

t S9. To stand on tiptoe ai 
when looking to a distance. 

1 jjf t f 

90. The first buds of 
plants in Spring; the budding 
forth of plants. Auimali 
increasing in size; fattening. 

t 91. To pound with* 
pestle in a mortar; to 
stick in to; to beat down 
as when raising a ir, U( j 
wall. Frora =f. Kan> 
Representing a p e ,,] e) 
and ^ ftew, A raortar 

Choo, Representing the 
arras raised and lifting 
the r.estle high to acquire the greater 
momentum when letting the pestle 
fall again into the mortar. (Cbing-. 




tszc-tung.) The modern character for 
pestle is /{A- Choo, which if also ap- 
plied to the beater used in raising 
mud walls ; and which in some parts 
of the country is called Chi. 

f^Tfi Ar\ 1*1 * "K A 

09 fifrt illl ^ na-tce, A 
JpJ l" 

pounded wretch ; a sorry, 
petty, worthless creature. 
The-Chinese express the same ideaby 
A\ TV Seaou-jin, A petty man. 


93. The noise of slicing a 
thing with a knife, or mire- 
ing a thiiig-siii ail with a knife. 

94. Mincing many wordi; 
loquacious; talkative} chat- 
tering; prating. 

95. To cover as in a mortar; 
to store up; to secret; to 
hide; a low cottage. 

96. To pierce flesh; to 
si ick into; to plant ; to insert ; 
to attach to, as a flag to 
the mast head. Same as N" 110. An 
iron instrument; to stick into or 
pierce the ground. 
Cha kow ^jJi'P to insert one's month, 

or I yk. Clia.isuy, To insert one's 
lips, denote putting in one's word: 
interfering in a conversation or de- 

Chala-chQh | MJij j$a tuput a candle 
into a stand for it. 

97. Same as N* 4 and 37. 
The name of a fruit; part of 
the name of a jerson. 

!is. Low and damp. One 
gajs, Witter falling down in 
drops | to drip. The cha- 
racter seems formed from Water and 
the sound of Chi. 

99. To close or shut with 
a board or plank. From 14* 
I'een, A splinter or plank, 
nd Chi, The noise ru ide in shutting 
a door or gate ; hriwe the meaning, 
To shut a city gale; any thing closed, 
shut or covered with boards or planks. 

1 T T\y 

% 100. Rumpled; puckered; 

IF/ wrinkled 1'ke the skin of old 
*/' ^people. 


/j^J-ji 101. A stony appearance. 

102. From grain, and to 
stick in. To plant. 

t- 103. To insert iilk; 
to seam ; to sew. 

104. To prepare in a certain 
way by boiling. 


105. A kind of double collar 
worn by the Chinese. A 
light appearance of being 
bound, or fastened round. 

IOC. -jft J Chi-tse, Re- 
iterated words, like the 
dull tautology of a pestle; 
miltterin" ; murmuring. 
CliS-ya ] |H uncertain 1 , dubious lan- 
guage, the noise of laughter. 

107. Name of a gaming 

108. Hasty lep; to walk 
with speed. 

109. Appearance of the feel 

110. An instrument of agri- 
culture for driving into the 
ground ; to raise or lurn the 
earth. Same as 96. A kind of hoe. 

111. From Rain and Cha, 
i?_ The noise of rain; a heaty 

112. Grain benten lo flour, 

/taTa aiul i* 1 *"** 1 aia ball! a 

P<P bait 

113. The appearance of a 
horse walking, pacing, 
prancing coursing, i ex- 
pressed by Cha, or Cha-cha. 


molioa of the teeth. 

C. 115. Reiterated 
examination; to i 
to examine; to 

to judge; to manifest; to m;ike con- 
spicuous, to lake an extend e or 
general survey. Chichi, (lean, 
clear, pure; uncorriipted n.qr.iry. 
Read Tse, To sacrifice: de' ..ling 
that when all human cnqnin haj 
failed, recourse is had to superior 
powers by sacrifice. 




'fcS. to euquire iulo; to 


Chit5 1 If examine and decide; 
are words of form which close the 
prayer of pertooi petitioning their 

1 16. To examine with the 
^ baud i to rub assiduously. 



17. Minute and careful 
involution; thj idea is 
generally the same an 115. 
A person's name. 

1 18. To take hold of; to 
grasp; to lead; to lift up. 
To bow in the Chinese man- 
ner with the folded hands to the 
ground. Formed of the Hand, and 

Reaching or extending to. To 
insert; ta plant, &c.; 96. 

119. A post or fl:g staff. 
A hollow pUlar of brick or 
stonework commonly culled 
a p >goda ; a temple of the. priests of 
Buddah. -fa ^|J Koo-cbl, An 
ancient pagoda. 


Broad A and E, coalescing. Sound like igh in nigh.' Manuscript Dictionary f An/, ttay, Tihay. Often confounded with Tsae. 

Canton Dialect, generally Chac. Same as in the Kwan Dialect. 

' 20 - From TJ^ To manifest, 
and WJV* Tse, Order, regu- 
hirity. To Cleanse the heart; 
respect, veneration for what ii good ; 
to fast; abstinence from sensual in- 
dulgence. ?fa jfc Chie keae, To 
abstain from wine, animal food, and 
renery. ^ Sh.h chac. To 
eat vegetable food. fi 1 3jB 
^^Che chae, keae sh J, To keep a fast ; 
and abstain from tikirg animal life. 

181. From Yen, a covering, 
and Chae, Abstinence. A 
straw hut; a thatched cot- 

128. Commonly read Tse. 

Even; regular; in order. 

Read Chae, in the same sense 
as 1 80. To regulate the pnssioni ; to 
rectify the state of the heart. 

183. Persons of the same 
order or class ; a company ; 
a party; a group. Forms 
the plural of pronouns. 2r <fi| 
Woo chae, We ; in the language of 
books, not colloquial. 

126. To strike a thingwith 
KjJ^ the fist. Read Tse, To put 
" / " I in order with the hand. 

124. To bite or gnaw with 
the teeth. 

185. From Gold and fork. 
A kind of bodkin or large 
pin with which the Chire* 
females fasten the folds or plaits of 
their hair. Part of the name of a 
certain'medicine. |jj p Chae-kow 
the point of a pin or bodkin. 


X J4-, 1ST. To dislike; to suspect; 
^M r~l to conjecture; to. guess. 

Chae-han ^ fg, to feel dislike or 

Chae-e j )jj to doubt; to cherish 

Chae-leang ] jj| or | ]R|f Chae-t5, 
To conjecture ; to suppose. 

Chae chS j ^ i o conjecture rightly. 

Chae-pHh-chS I A\ ^ to be 
unable to guess. 

Chae mei | ^ or j ip Chae 
keuen, To guess the number of fin- 
gers thrown out, or stretched 
straight from a previously folded 
hand; which is a drut.ken amusement 
of the Chinese. When the opponent 
guts e< the right number of fingers 
thrown out at the instint he speaks, 
he wins ; and the person throwing out 





his fingers has to drink as a forfeit. 
Read also Tsae. 

1-J8. f- To send a messenger; 
the messenger sent. 

/ . ; anenv J- 

Chae she ] |j public service on 
which any one is sent. 

Chae-fun ] ^ and Ji | Chung- 
chae, Are terms used in arithmetic. 

|fi^ Kin chae, An imperial 
messenger; an envoy of the Em- 
peror of China, to any part of 
his own dominions, or sent to neigh- 
bouring states. He refuses to allow 
any Envoy or Embassador from an- 
other nation to employ the term Kin. 
4lg Tang chae, To sustain an 
imperial or government commission ; 
to be actually sent on some public 
service. ;"]" I Ta chae, To send 
away for any cause. 

129. * A small spear. Also 
read Cha. 

Tsan cha j | to shrink up, to shrivel. 

180. Disease in a conva- 
lescent state. 

131. Bundles of sticks; 
fuel. iffl^ H^ Fan chae, 
The wood in ancient times 
burnt in sacrifices. Paper is now 
commonly used for this purpose. 

Chae-ho 1 nf fuel for the fire; 
\fc I Kan chae, To cut 


fuel in the woods or on the hills. 

Chae fei ] ^p or I |HJ Chae 

mun, The door of a cottage, as if 

made with bits of sticks ; any door. 

V% 13- The wood used in 

*%.Jr^ sacrifice; to burn wood in 

*^\ ^ sacrifice to the gods of 

heaven, or to Heaven. 131 was the 

original form, which was changed to 

this form in order to distinguish it 

from the common word for Fuel. 



183. tTo tread upon with 
the feet. Kang-he reads 

134. / A certain animal said 
to be so covetous or ra- 
venous, as to devour fire, 
and cause its own death, is called 
$&:% Heae-chae. It is also said to 
possess divine intelligence, by which 
it discovers the right from the 
wrong, the just from the unjust. 
In allusion to these properties, it is 
always painted before the gates of 
public courts to remind the Magis- 
trate, that covetous extortion is ruin- 
ous to himself as eating fire; and in 
allusion to the second property of 
this animal, an executioner's cap, is 
called it? I 3' Heae-chae-kwan. 

'Ill \ /L_l 

Military officers have it embroidered 
on their breasts, probably in allusion 
to its diritig; implying that thry 
will go through fire to effect their 
purpose. To vaunt or boast of one's 
courage is also called Heae-chae. 

% 135. 'A ravrnuus bemrt 

i\ of prey ; a wolf; called 

T also $jft jj^ Chae-Uag, 

and \k Jfj] Cliae-kow. 
In the She-king the 
words | M/Chac-hoo, 
Wolf-tiger, occur. Jut* 
Mj jj\ \ | Shin sow joo 
chae, As lean as a wolf, 
is quoted in the MS. 
Dictionaries. One says, Chae should 
be the character 131, which would 
make the saying, As lean as a stick. 

186. - The htel of the foot ; 
to beat with the feet in a fit 
of anger is ex pressed by jug 

137. ' To bear a burden; 
to be in debt ; a debt. 

Chae-jin $^ h or 3 I Foo-chie, 

A debtor. 

Chae-choo I ^ creditor. y^ 
Keen chae, To owe a debt. 

: ,S J Hwan chae, To pay a debt. 
32= I i V 

= fr 1 Taou chae ; JT]^ Tseu- 
chae, To seek or ask for the re- 
covery of a debt. 

188. t A dwelling amongst 
thehillswilhiapalisjdes. An 
enclosure for sheep. An 
encampment ; a station or barracks 
for troops ; which is also expressed 
by *$r> ^i Ying chac. H|J ^LJ 
Tsien shan chae, The military 
station at Casa Brauca, mar Macao, 
is so called. 




139. ti TV Bl ra \enoiiil v ; 
t bite; to gnaw. Pj{| jfa. 
Chac hruS, To suck blood. 

140. The twig or stem by 
which fruit hangs. 

111. A species of scorpion 
in v IKKI: tail is a sting. A 
sting situated in the tail, 
as the sting of a bee, a wasp, and so 
on. A man's name, used for 140. 
A thorn. 

142. t- Disease. &* ) Lao 
ST. \ 

chae, Contagious distemper. 
? T ze chae > To 


inflict disease, or bring misery on 
one's self. 


Manuscript Dictionaries and Canton Dialect, all the same. Often confounded with Tsan: MS. Dictionary Can. 

Composed of JJ& CAS, An animal like 
a ha re ; and To, A hare or rabbit. 

143. An artful crafty hare. 
Chan-tan, The narne 

I M3- 

of a tree, said . to have be- 
longed to Confucius. The last syl- 
lable Tan, is now applied to sandal 

141. Men in an unsettled dis- 
orderly state, like horses or 
rabbits. Irregular, uneven ; 

a line of soldiers in disorder ; hasty ; 

indecorous levity ; contemptible 


145. From Knife and the 
sound Chan. To cut a- 
under ; to chop-, to cut with 
a chisel. 

1 46. t. To pull or toss things 
about in order to take from 

14T. To peck; to sip; to 
taste slightly ; to speak for, 
or imitate others. 

148, The name of a limit or 
boundary around an altar 
or grave. 

149. C. Same as 151. 

ISO. Irregular; uneven. 

151. t To pierce; t stab; 
to stick. One says, To sup- 
port. A comet is called 

|f^ JJ Chan tsoang sing. (') To 
repair the side of; to complete 
mending or repairing. 

152. Name of a certain 
wood. Same as 143, A 
comet is expressed by i| ift 

I>T- I/I J 

Cbantseang; same as the preceding. 

Sharp pointed, (fy A water gate*- 
Same as 1 55. 

1 53. To laugh. 

16+. The noise of water 
rushing or falling dowa ; 
the sound of fish frisking 
or leaping in the water, the same i* 
expressed by J|| y|9 Chan-tseS, The 
hands or feet wet with perspiration. 

156. A wooden barrier 
^ against water \\ flood-gate. 

156. The noise made by a 

'57. A large boat, or other 
vessel for the purposes of 
i^ navigation. 

158. A horny appearance; 
like haviuir horns 





159. To be fond of talking of 
^iSC people's vices; tocalumniate; 
^/ *~^ flattery to the persons ad- 
dressed, and insidious calumnies 
against the absent; sly reflections, 
intended to injure other people. 
The name of a tripod; the name 
of a place. 
Chan yen = == and | fc Chan- 

*VE I I I l^* 

ning, express the same; the latter 
expression, denotes A specious 
flattery connected with the calumny. 

^f? fj57 =% Chan chen meen- 
I PH \tt p/\. 

yu, To slander the absent and offer 
adulation to the person present. 

Chan jin 1 ^a. .slanderer. 

169. The name of a place. To 
involve in ruin; downfall. 

161. A pointed instrument; 
a p;>i..t d stone; the coulter 
of a plough, To pierce ; to 

stick into. Same as 145. A vessel 
for preparing drugs. 

162. Chan, or ;$ Can, 
chau, A saddle for a horse. 

16S. HI JH Lan Chan, The 
appearance of the head; a 
^ long head. 

161. Greedy; gluttonous: 
used also in common with 
fl& Chan. 

165. To engrave blocks 
for printing books in an 
erroneous manner j to blur. 

Chucn ; Three weak orphan 
children; objects of compulsion. 
Attentive, observant? also written 
%% thus, Three children feebly 
striving to be first, and hence the 
idea of Weakness. 

166. Three children stand- 
ing below a door. Weak ; 
embarrassed; sighing. 

Chaejo | Jjjj feeble; weak. 

167. To see; to manifest. 

Chan-Uow, Abu- 

168. To cut ; to arrange; to 

169. Chan, or ^ 
Cliaii-hwan, The noise of 
water flowing, the appear- 
ance of a stream running, of tears 

Chau-shwfiy J 7J( the name of a 
stream, of water. 

no. Name of a particular 
sort of carriage; a military 
chariot; a carriage to sleep 

171. A horse without sad- 
dle or bridle. 

S to ride a horse witli- 


out either saddle or bridle. 

From two spears. To wound, to 
injure; to rob. Read Tseen, denotes 
what is Sinull; shallow. 

High; lofty. 

173. Boardi which rovrr 
the tilr* of the roof intide 
Chinese houses. 

174. A kind of 
stage or scaffold ; a tent with 
an upper story -, a place fenced 
in ; a place to store goods ; a ware- 
house; a kind of carriage made 
of bamboo and wood; a hearse; 
A path or bridge made with boards 
or planks ; palisades or railing, 
boards connected together for any 
purpose. A stable, or floor for a 
stable made with boards. LL /|^< 
Ma chan, A stable for horses. 
^E Yang coan, A sheep cotj 
a sheep fold. Mil Y J". itSji 
1'iiig chan e kaou tsaou, A tent, 
stable, or fold, should be high and 
dry. The name of a wood. A 
sm:.ll bell. 

a lofty appearance, 
a certain fra- 

Cban-yQh [ 

grant wood. 
Chan-fang ] J a warehouse; a place 

to store un goods. 

175. High lofty; stiM 

176. A house or room for 
keeping sheep , a sheep cot 
Some use 181. 

177. A cup made of chry- 

supras stone. 

178. A wine cup; or other 
vessel for containing wine. 
Used also for the preceding. 




179. An artificial Lank 
raited against water. 

180. A theepcot; an in- 
cloiure in which to keep 
any domestic animal. 

181. The attack of a bird 
of prey. Rapid flight. 

1 88. The name of a plant. 

183. A species of cat. 
A tiger having cajt its hair 
it called |f& 'ift Chan- 


184. A certain insect va- 
riously denominated; one 
of its names is & | Ma- 
Chan. Vulgar name it J3| jjj^ Ma- 
chi5h. The horse insect peculiar to 
stables. Called also, Jj^ Bjj ] 
Helen ma than; and fjL jjjj<S Ma 
keuen, represented as a creeping 
worm-like insect, with numerous feet. 

185. A cup for wine; 
probably a horn cup. 

186. The name of a 
certain valley. 

187. A military carriage; 
a carriage to sleep in. 

denotes the same. 

188. A small cup for con- 
taining wine or oil. Horn 
ups were used for lamps; 
heiice Chan is the numeral of lamps. 
3& '^ Y"ih chan ting, A lamp. 

189. The name of a certain 
tree or wood. 

190. A species of wheat. 

191. Chan, or gfc &f 

'J'N r^ I 

Chan-gan, Irregular dis- 
torted teeth; the teeth 
appearing as if falling out. 

192. From a military 
carriage and a battle axe. 
A carriage rent or cut 

asunder; to cut asunder; to de- 
capitate; to kill. Chan denotes, 
Existing but for a short time, as an 
increase of military and weapons 
speedily decides any affair. 

The light parts of the inflo- 
rescence of plants which fly off; 
hence to fade; to be forgotten; 
or the traces of the lost; to be 
tattered or in coarse fringes. In 


the first sense it is applied to the 
actions, whether of good or bad 
men, which Mencius said were lost 
trace of in five generations. In the 
Utter sense, mourning garments for 
parents are called 1 Hp*" Chan- 

Chan twaol^ jtijand $$ Chan 

**-r I-*? I I ^j^ 

tsee, To cut off; to cut asunder. 

Chan show ^ or j SH Chan 

tow, To cutoffs person's head. 
Chanfi ] to subjugate. 
Chan tsuy ffi a capital wffence. 

193. A lofty mountain, 
the view of whose 
summit is cut of, or lost 
in the clouds ; the lofty 

pointed peak of a moun- 
tain ; or a mountain 
with an acuminated summit. 

194. The feeling a- 
rising from being cut off 
from the good, or the 
virtue one wishes to per- 
form j a sense of failure, 
or defect ; shame ; to feel 

to blush. JgE ||jlf Sew- 
IJJH Chan fcwei, or jjfa 
Kwei chan, all express the sense 
or feeling of shame. Often read 

195. Read Tseen, denotes 
Shallow. Read Chan, or 
Tsan; to ford a shallow 


196. The name of a 
demon, said to expel malig- 
nant influences: this 
character is commonly the last word 
at the foot of paper charms used by 
the Chinese. 

197. Chan, or 
Chan-hoo, Name of an 
animal said to be like a 
mnkey and of a white colour. 





198. A high rocky pre- 
cipitous mountain. 

199. Chan or Tseen, To 
cut away weeds or plants 
that run into confusion. 

200. Species of monkey. 
Same as 197. 

^ |_s 

| Shin, from ~j: [* Kan, Sweet, and 

pC Pe'th, A pair. Pleasure; delight; 
* " 

excett; hence the common accep- 
tation : Exceedingly; extremely; 

201. > Chan, or j|jl y?t 
Chan-jen, Great order and 
regularity, such as becomes 
human beings. 

208. / Deep water-, an ap- 
pearance of depth, thickness ; 
weight; stillness; clearness, 
said of heaven and of heavy dew. 
Quiet; composure. The name of 
a river. V^ & Ching chan, Clear ; 
pure. A surname. Read Tan, 
Pleasure; delight; excess. Read 
Chin, To sinkor immerse in water; to 
steep; to soak; to imbibe; to receive 
benefits. Head Yin, Long continued 
rain. Read tsin, To steep or im- 
merse in water; or wine. Dregs. 

a! Sun, originally written 5$ Sun, 
Things selected and placed on a "TT" 
Ac, or Stand. To prepare; to ar- 
range; to submit; to accord; to yield. 


203. ' Chan, Chen, or 
Chuen, To regulate; to 
form according to rule; 
to make; to dispose in order; to 
record; to correct; to put books in 
order. Read Seuen, To semi; to 
elect. ifjj; ~? Seuen che, A 
species of grain so named from being 
well picked and examined. 4 1 
Pihseuen, A species of pearl shell. 
U 1 Sew chan, Title of the first 
literary personage in the empire ; 
otherwise called jj^ T Chwang- 
yuen; he is called Sew-chan, in allu- 
sion to his putting in order the 
national records. 

i - s Torccor d; to make; 


-4-" to do to prepare ; to adj ust. 

Same as the preceding. 


Otherwise written JA. Tseuen. Read 
Tseuen, To give special instructions 
to the young; to exhibit to them 
the virtues of their ancestors. 

205. v Chan, Cbuen, or 
Seuen, Boiled meat min- 
ced and mixed up with 
blood; after which it is reboiled. 
Sometimes rice is blended with it. 

206. 'Food; victuals; to 
prepare and lay out food. 
Jit tgf Tsae chan, Vege- 
tables and meat; food generally. 
Read Seuen, Money or silver to the 
value of six leang, or taels. 

207. C v To produce, as from 
the ground by growth ; to 
send forth from the native 

place, said also of persons. To bear, 
as the female of human, or other 
creatures; that which is produced ; an 

estate; patrimony ; property ia house* 
or land. The occupation* of the 
people, in order to obtain lire- 
lihood. A nautical iostrumeat of 
the reed kind. The name of a riTer; 
surname, jj'J j Ch^(iknTB>P"r- 

chace an estate, jj&sf ^ Chaoui;*' 
r* - ^\. ' 

Property in houses or land. '^e( 1 
K<-n chan, the property of a family. 
IvyT '^fc ] Hc'en kei chan. To give 
up all the property of a family as in the 
case of a bankrupt merchant, ^fi 

destroy and losa one's patrimony. 

/r^ 1 Fun chan, To divide 
" I 
patrimony amongst all the children. 

jfc j Too chan, The productions 

of the soil, te Hang chau, 

Constant occupation or employment. 

j Sing chan, To bear a child. 

208. O A pointed iron in- 
strument, as the coulter of 
a plough. To pierce; to 

cut open. 

209. x Chan, or |$| itfe" 
Kcen-chan, Circuitous win- 
ding intricacies amongst 

hills and mountains. 


810. t Perfect Tj-tueJ 
says, A company ; a j 

211. Demerit; of hand. 
to take or select with the 
hand. Dcxtrously ; skilfu lly 

212. The name of a 
stream of water mentioned 
in history. x /cg Chan- 

chan, A numerous appearance. One 
says, The appearance of shedding 




9 IS. Tame or domesticated 

214 rising of the skin. 

fSf Hj|Pechan, A blister. 
xV J 

AQ instrument for levelling 
wood ; a plane. To level ; to plane. 


815. To ride without sad- 
dle or bridle. 

916. An iron utensil for 
smoothing or planing 
wood ; a plane ; to cut or 
pare away, and remove 
irregularties ; to level. 

217. Same as the preceding. 

818. The teeth of child; 
the teeth which are first 

819. Rice which has been 
pounded once in order to 
remove the husk. . 

Seen or Tieen, Mountain jcal- 
lions or leeJcs. WM leeks. 
Small; minute. 


^ 220. ' Chan, Tsan, Chin, or 

Tsio, To repent i to feel 

i-M i 
contrition. 'Jpj 'Bjji Chan 

, To repent and -reform. 

221. - Hwj8| Leen-chan, 
A particular kind of soup 
made of pig's guts, pepper, 
mustard, and vinegar. 

.222. Sour ; a sour taste. 

223. t Sheep in a cot or 
fold. The upper part of the 
character denotes a house 
or shed; to lead or go before^ as 
sheep follow the leader. 

224. C. To cut even i to cut 
to pieces and adjust. 

225. ' To stick into. 

V 226; Chan or Chin, Be- 
tween two pillars; to 
adjust; to put to rights. 

2*T. O An utensil for broil- 
ing or roasting meat, by 
applying it to the fire. 

i j 288^ ' The seam of a gar, 

fc |j* meat ; a rent seam ; a seam 

^^ opened ; to open as a scam. 

229. ' To impede; 
to cause to delay; to 
hinder. Same sense as 
H^ 'Hjl Tan- woo, To sell 
not at the real price; to 
impede another person's 
affairs by underselling him; to gain 
profit by trading. ^|| ^j Chan- 
tsecn, To make a profit. ;^ /J 

4;Si 1 We vew tseen chan, There 
SXi I 

is no profit to be made. 

230. Common form of the 
tho preceding, in Canton. 

231. ' The seam ef a gar- 
ment opened or slit. ;^j|j 
if Poo chan, To mend a 

rent seam. Read Tan, in the same 

232. ' To stand up; to stand 
erect. Astopping; standing. 
or remaining still; a stage 

of a journey. 

Chan ke lae jfe j|E ^ stand up. 
jfo ~t ftff | Te fang nan chan, 
A place difficult to stand or remain in, 
either from the character of friends 
or acquaintances; of superiors, 
or from the nature of the service. 

-4 J Stoh yih chan, Eleven 

stages. |lp I Yih chan, A stage 
of the government express. 

833. Salt taste; very salt. 






Manuscript Dictionaries, Chang, and Tchang. Canton Dialect, Chrong. 


234. From Yin, Sound, 
and-f-Shih. Ten; a per- 
fect number ; a piece of 
music completed; a piece of music 
variegated. -i- "Sr Tsing chih, 
Azure with carnation colours are 
called JJ Win. ^ ^ Cblh pih, 
Carnation with white are called 7|? 
Chang. y | WJn-chang, Elegant 
literary composition ; prize essays. 

ftp ^ Tsi3 win <* an S To 
write a prize essay. 1 Chang, 

or j-JL Peen chang, A section ; a 
chapter. jfc f$ [ Pub. ching 
chang, To leave a statement, an 
estay, or an affair unfinished. 

A clause of an; arrangement. 
^j: Chang-clung, A statement of re- 
gulations. ^ 1 Ta chang, The 
great rules laid down by ancestors, the 
name of an ancisut piece of music. 
|3- | Hwang chang, Imperial laws 
and regulations. ^[J | Fan-chang, 
To violate the laws of the empire. 
^ i Peaou chang, or ppfe j 
Tsow chang, A luminous statement 
presented to the Emperor. Chang, 
Luminous; clear. A numeral of 
forest trees. The name of a place ; of 
*n official situation. Jt j shan 

chang, The year under certain 
circumstances, jflj Yin chang, 
A leal. A period of nineteen yean in 
reference to the moon; the golden 
number is called Chang, or ' j*|\ 
Chang poo. ^ Chang-poo, 

A certain ancient cap. The name of 
various palaces; the name of a 
country. Occurs used for 237, 242, 
944, and 246. 

235. 'pjj <]J| Chang- 

hwang, The external ap- 
pearance of alarm or fright. 

936. To stop up; to separate 
by something intervening. 

237. The epithet by which 
a wife designates the father 
or mother of her husband. 

Pae ko cnan s- Ko& - 

chang denotes a husband's mother. 
To make obeisance to the parents of 
ahusband. In this sense 234 occurs. 
P I Heung chang, A husband's 
brother. 235 occurs in the same 

238. Same as jfij Chang. 

239. A nigh nd dan- 
gerous mountain. j|p fij^ 
Fung-ehang, jl| | Shan- 
ebang, A high precipitous moun- 
tain forming a kind of tereen. 
tit 1 Tiing chang, A verdant 

_ -. _ . 
^y * 240. From Cbing, Tane- 

/ gated i and Shang, Hair or 
' feat hers i beraoie the colour 
and beauty of quadrupeds and birdi 
consist in their hair and feather*. 
Elegant composition. Luminously 
exhibited. To manifest; to exhibit. 

A manifest display of the tuprr- 
intendance of Heaven in rewarding 
or punishing. 

241. g f| Chang hwaag. 
hurry and perturbation ia 
walking; an irregular hur- 
ried f tep. 

Jf |r 

. ^ fg Clung- 

Hwang, Atarm of mind, 

apprehension , feu. 

243. The light of the 
Tp-| setting sun rUinjf higher 
~^" and higher on an object 
Clear, bright. Same as ?34 





* y=f shoo ; j ^t Chang mah ; 
^i | Heang chang, The 
Camphor tree; it grow* very large at 
^j />E Sin-kin Keen, in the Pro- 
vince of Keang-se. 5 I Yu 
Chang, are two species of camphor 
tree, which must grow together seven 
years before they can be separated. 
The name ofa distrct in Keang-se, so 
called from the trees which grow at 
it. A small camphor tree is called 
] Kow-chang. 

Chang naou J Hg camphor. Borneo 
camphor is called ^ t|~ Ping-peen. 

245. The name ofa stream of 
water in the north; the 
name of a district. 


246. Same as ||| Chang. 


1_ 247. A kind of sceptre 
made of chrysopras stone ; a 
play thing for a child. The 

W ' t - 

birth of a boy is expressed by 3 
pa Lung chang ; of agirlby ^rr Jf 

248. Chang, or Jj 
Chang-le, A distemper caus- 
ed by pestilential vapours 
issuing from deep vallies or caverns, 
it is called a hot or feverish disease. 
0J" Chang-moo, Mother of the 
Chang disease; is an expression applied 
to a strange appearance seen on the 
outh of the Mei-ling mountain. 
At first it i.s the size of an es- 


increases to a circle like a wheel, and 

spreads wider and wider till it in- 
fects the whole neighbourhood. An 
unwholesome atmosphere is called 
^ Yen-chang, and j ^ 

249. \arne of a certain 

250. To walk ; to go. 


251. Chow-chang, jlnl 1 

| ^-*! I 

Remote, wide, rague. 


252. The name of a place. 


253. A separating dike; 
to divide ; to separate by 

a dike. ffi P| Paou- 
chang, A dike or mound raised for 
a fence ; important and dangerous 
places. ^ 1 Poo-chang, A 
place covered over as a walk. 

254. Chang-ne, Sa yfi? 
Certain ornamental work 
on a saddle. 

255. A certain description 
of horse. 

256. Chang, or gl2 W? 
Chang-ken, A certain water 

257. A small species of 
deer; said lobe a very pretty 

258. t Long, in respect 
of sp-.ce or time; senior, 
aged ; greater ; in a more 
elevated rank; constant; 
skilled. (') To increase 
J by growth; to extend. 
The name of a star ; of a palace ; of a 
place; of a hill; of an animal; ofa 
plant. A surname , name of a spirit 
or divinity. 
Chang ke keaou gaou -fe jiL "jj: 'fW 

To nourish his pride. 
Chang keang ] ^ the os coccygis. 

Chang kew J /f^ a great length of 


Chang kwang 1 ; crazy kind of 
. conduct. 
Chang le 1 JJ5 a superior officer 

Chang pei 1 j!r superiors. 

Chang ping I fr long weapons ; 

mow, ko, keih, The bow, the 
single pointed spear, the hooked 
lance, the spear with a central and 
a diverging point, the spear with 
a central, and two diverging points. 
Chang-shS loo te ming | ^t & 

jQ & Chang-sLo, name of a place 
in the state Loo; the birth place 
of Confucius. 
Chang ting 1 T~ along form or stool. 

Chang twan & -w^ long and short. 

Chang urn sow sbang yuS hoo 1 jjfrj 
4S? p p^ Sjj^ long and lean in 
the upper part (of the vessel) is 
called Hoo. 

Chapg seaou Icang kew -Ig. BjH' gf 
**C /iln ^\~ 

iK to whistle aloud for a long time. 

J . 


Chang wo Icang suy 

two years older than 1 am. 





Chang-pih-shan J Q jji mountain 
on the south of Man-chow TartarT, 
near the frontier of Core i. 

Chang-iha ] ^ the capital of Hoo- 
nan Province. 

Chang yKh shin yew pwan | ^ 
/f QL one half longer than one'i 
kody applied to night clothes. 

Chang yv.en | y" remote, distant. 

Chang yew | $1) old and young. 
j I Kea chang, The senior 
of a family. [rjjjj J Sze chang, A 
teacher. W 1 I Tsun chang, A 
person in a more honorable place. 
pi -^ I Pih fbo chang, The 
principal man of a hundred; the 
commander of a hundred men. 4a( 
J Ho chang, is applied to the Mates 
or Officers of Merchant vessels, ^fc 
, j Sang chang, To grow; applied to 
animals or plants. 5g I Tang 
chang, or inverted, Chang-yang, To 
bring up; to nourish; to educate; to 
cause to grow. ^ Shaou 

chang, A little older. 

559. Madly ; blindly ; to fall 

Chang-hSng 'ffe 'JVE careless. 
Chang kwang 1 crazy kind of 

Chang kwei ,] & the manes of 
a man who has been devoured by a 
tiger; a kind of vampire. 

560. From To extend and a 
Napkin, or piece of cloth. 
A curtain; a cloth spread 

out. To spread out; obscurely. *jji 

! Win chang, Mosquito curtains, 
it r 

|l|l ] Wl '' riving ; j 3- Chang 
tszc ; j _^J. Chang in;;. Any cur- 
tain. Jf^r Chang fang, A tent, 
used lilerally and figuratively fur 

one's place of abode. ^Dt \ <s|,g 
\\X* ) 

chang, To pitch one's tent ; to officiate 
as a teacher. yK ViV 

tkli />Li I | 

HwSn-hwin chang-chang, In a con- 
fused indistinct obscure manner. 
I M^T Chang poo, An account 
book. Some erroneously use ^K 
for the second character. _tj'i 
Swan chang, To reckon np; to 
rslimate; to state and discuss UK: 
reasons of. ~f\ I Ta chang, To 
estimate the weight or force of 
reasons ; to calculate accounts. ~>jjjfl 
| Jinchang, Toacknowledge a debt, 
or the justness of a claim, jj^r 

Show-chang, To receive a debt. 

*f I 
3 Chang muh, A bill or account. 

I Kae chang, To make out an 
account. ^ | Wan chang, To 
icttle an account. 

261. From To extend and a 
Bow, To draw the string of 
a bow, or an instrument; to 
stretch out ; to hang up and spread 
out; tolay out. To boast; to place; 
to state, or draw out an account or 
list of things; a numeral of tables, 
beds, and such things as imply the 
idea of spreading out. The name of 
an animal, and of a star. A surname. 
In composition it sometimes means, 
The mind stretched out, or distracted. 
Used for 260. 1 ^ Chang been, 
To draw the string of a bow. Kg 
I Kae chang, To open, to spread 
j Choo-chang, To lord 


the spreading out, In 

opinion or plan : In dn 

[ wWVtiang; T.I vtr.-M, :irrrlain 

kind ofbow wilh tlie ft-i-t. ! 
Clmng linj;. To Innd up and 
lampi or lanterns. ' I C 

M"f k 


J Kwae chang, rnrrn.mably, 

kow tachuen, Gaped- and panted 


To open or spread outan nmhrrll.i 

268. The appearance of a 
hillock of sand 'rising up. 

S83. Water extending itself 
or rising .higher; to over- 
^C ttow, an inundation; the 
name of a southern tea. ^ ^ 
Chanfyih, To overflow; to inundate. 

J64.' A disease which con- 
>K* Tti sists in a swelling out of the 
pacts, as in dropsy. 

- 265. Chang-le ^ 

name of an ' n>ect ' 
wise called J^J |^ 

yen, it is represented with long and 
numerous feet. 

266. Feeling of regret and 
disappointment. ^fc ^^ 
Chang-wang, or -^ ] 
Wang-chang, To wait and expect, 
with the unpleasant fit-rings arising 
from delay. 'H/,) | Chow-chani^, 
Grievud and disappointed. 

267. Same ai S63. 





268. A swelling of the 
abdomen. Same as 264. 

269. To stretch the 
to 'tire with vexation and 

270. ' To rub ; to grind ; to 
stop up. 

271. Rice for food. A local 
word, the same as ^jj 

272. A swelling, of the 
abdomen, from an nCu- 
rmi'ation of water, or 
causes; the same is expressed by ||jl 
Too-chang;]^ | Ffih-cl.arg; 
I Loo-cba; g. yjjr ] Koo- 
chang, Swelled like a drum, fiji? 
1 Keae charg, or ypj j Senou 
chang, To all.-.y or mit'gate a swell- 
ing, -fa 1 Shwfiy charg, A swell- 
ing from water. ^ Chung 
cliang, A general swellirg. Ijjjjj j 
Heu chang, Swelling from weakness 
f constitution. 

t7S. The name of a plant 
or tre?. A surname, "g" 
SS Ch:mg t-ioo, A certain 

tree, fe j Woo chang, The name 

of a country. 

274. A certain insect. Same 
as 265. 

275. Wild; irregular. |p 
^ Chow-chang, Irregular, 

precipitate manner, ai if 

crazed. | fy Chang-tun, A care- 
ICM, loose, hasty manner. 

276. Used commonly for |{jj| 
Chang, in those senses which 

^> refer to accounts; as llw 
^ Chang mtth, An account of money 

owing. Fee 860. This character is 
not found in Chinese Dictionaries. 

277. Sharp; a keen edg", or 
sharp noiiit. A mail's name. 

278. t Pkin str tched out; 
covering; or, as it is ex- 
pressed in Chinese, Clothing 

for a bow. 

279. A leather covering for 
a bow ; a box in vhich 
to contain a bow ; which is 

usually kept warm. 

280. Meat spread out; a 
baiti which is also expressed 
by wj| 6g Chang-hwang. 

281 . The sound of a drum. 

282. tThe light of the 
rising sun. Elegant; beau- 
tiful. Suitable; abundant; 
affluent Increasing in strength, 
affluence and splendour, applied to 

Ckmg-ming ^ fljij bright, splendid. 

Chang-shing j J^ efTulgent and 

affluent. ^ \ Wang-chang, The 

name of a star or deity. Chang it 

used for ife^ Wuh, A thing. 

k ^| 283. A splendid shewy 
A _Z^ person ; a singing girl. To 
| I--/ harmonize, or accord with. 

A seducer ; a leader. Uiod for 284 

and 285. 
Chang-yew <f^ yjjk entertainments of 

singii'g and pl.iying; theatrical a- 

musements. Players; si,.ging girls, 

Chang >u ho yu | ^ ^ ^ do 

you sing, and I will respond to you. 


Teen-hca chang ^ ~p I the 
leaJer, first or h_-a;l of the empire; 
the Sovereign. 

Ching Iwa^ S^ to lead or head 

an insurrection. 

Chang suy ] ggor | |f] Chang. 

ho, To lead and to follow ; applied 

to hv.sYind and wife. 
Chang tow \ B^ a nead or leader. 
Chang kwang J | irregular vicious 


284. t To utter the roice. 
To recite; losing. 

Chang ko jlH 5fr or reversed, Ko- 

chai g, To sing graver songs. 
Kaou chai g ^ j to sing aloud. 
Chang he IH) to recite plays. 

Chang le ||[y to give the word at 
great sacrifices for the performance 
of the several prostrations and so 
on. The master of ceremonies is 
culled Jill 1 ^ Le-sing. 

Chang keuh t<ze |tl} -T- te 

sing light songs. 

Chang jS Pp ^ a salutation per- 





formed by raising the folded hands 
as high as the face, and letting them 
fall again. It is otherwise called 
^ jjjr Chang yih. 

285. A strumpet ; a pros- 
titute ; a whore. Otherwise 
expressed by ^ ^ Chang- 

;-ncu ; Igj^ -jp- Peaou- 
tsze; and j fc. Chang-foo. 

S86. c Garments thrown 
loosely about one; without 
I'f being bound by a sa .li or 

287. t- Chang-, or "jpR Jjf 
Cha:-g war, The stones or 
other ornaments attached to 

the ears by barbarians ; otherwise 

called JR. J'fr Urn-tang. 

288. t-Thc husk ofpaddyj 

289. A water plant; a 
kind of sedge. Otherwise 
called ijfH Chang-poo, 
and 3|E ^jj|| Q Chuy keen tsaou, 
Acorns Calumus, or the hanging 
(word plant, which is popularly 
thought extremely efficacious in 
cutting off various demonical in- 
fluences, and expelling bugs. On 
the 5th of the 5th moon, it is stuck 
up in great abundance at the doors 
of houses. 

290. A certain small shell 
fish; a cockle. 

291. Garment* loosely 
thrown about one. Same 
a 286. 

^"r 292. To sing. Pamea?284. 

S3 [ / A mai/4 name. 

palace ; the name of a 
modern city gale in Keang- 


Chang-k8 R|j mme of a wind 
said to arise in the west. Thegite 
of heaven, said to be kept by the 

RH I r 

a iic warrior KSl jr" -I- Kwan- 
lyrJ / ^ J 


894. A designation of a 


296. The sediment of a 
natural salt. 

297. Ancient form of 284. 
00 |^ To sing ; to play. 

f^j Shang,from/\ Pit, To be separated 
from, anrfjpj Hcong, Towards. To 
be slightly different from; nearly 
about, to add to; to adorn, or gloss 
over. To like; to love ; to esteem ; to 
honor. That which the mind desires 
hopes or expects. That which is loved, 
valued, or esteemed. The chiefs the 
principal. pilhet of things per- 

taining to the Emperor. To rult i K> 
direct great affairs. 

298. t To top suddenly ( the 
appearance of doing w. 

Chang-jen rhe 4jg ^ Jj^- slopped 
suild.nly. More frequently read 


JUiscoi.c rk-d, di*:i| pointed j 
irrc-olule; afTccting a kind 

of extravrg:irre, and desperation. 

Soniethi: g of the sci sc ol ?Jh jfi|J 

Pae-hwuy, Driven hither and tbilhtr ; 


SCO. O Chang, or 
disconcerted, and displeased. 

301. C Level, elevated land 
from which a distant \irw 
is had. Open ; |il.iin; fully 
disclosed; manifest; d. S Sv JW 
Kaou chang te, Elcva'ec', sp rioin, 
level region; in Cintr.. distinction 
from Narrow, irregular, ai.d cramp- 
ed position; applied figuratively 
to circumstances. L. Chang 

warg, Destitute of room and ease t 
crannied; disconcerted. 

302. * Wide: roomy; liberal, 
as SOI. 

303. / Or Chwang, An open 
shed; a roof without sur- 
rounding walls; such erec- 
tions are common at mine* shore 





sround, and at other places where 
mtrks art carried on, as 
Yin-chang, Erections for 
work at silver mine*. J^ \ Mri- 
chang, A colliery, f^ | Seaou- 
chang, Salt-pelre works. ^ jtj^ 
| Lew-hwang-chang, Sulphur sheds, 
where sulphur it prepared. 

304. ' Alarmed; appre- 
hensive; frightened appear- 
ance. Abbreviated by tlic 

character 300. 

305. The feathers of a 
certain bird called & Tsew. 

| Tseaau-cbang, The 
feathers of a little bird said to be 
woven ii)to garments. 

306. C. Same as the preceding. 

307. To sit- cress-legged, 
in the manner of'the priests 
of Bmldah: 

308. / A certain 

309. To rub. One says, A 
piece of iron surrounding 
the rim of a wheel. 

. 310. - Fromrjja Snang, To 
manifest or di-plav. and ft] 

Kin, A piece of cloth. Gar- 
ments which, a/e aluiayi displayed ; 
hence used also for ^?J Chang, The 
lower garments. Constant; usual; 
common ; constantly ; frequently ; 

in the habit of. Five rirturs which 
ounht tu be uiTuiiably practiced, are 
called the Five Chang. The name of 
a divinity ; of a district ; of a hill ; of 
astreara; of a banner; ef a spear or 
lance. A surname; a measure of 
sixteen cubits. 'sfc Chang- 

changs [}^ I She chang; Com- 
monly ; constantly ; always, it 
Fei chang Unusual, extraordinary. 
Chaou chang, According 
to what is usuaL. 2E j Ping- 
chang ; 5^1 | Sin or Tsin chang, 
and j^ Yung-chang, All ex- 
press Common , ordinary, applied to 
persons or. thing. ^J[ King- 
chang, Regular; constant usages. 

flB C.hang-fQh, One's ordinary 


dress, not full dress. %St I J&ff 
xJ* g/A 

Kea-chang fan, A family dinner. 
[ /fT Chang sang, Continual ; 
never-ending, eternal life. { 

jin, c, le, che, sin, The five constant 
virtues, Benevolence, justice,, de- 
corum, knowledge, and truth. 


Ifit Ke-chang, A banner with the 
sun and moon depicted on it, given 
by the Emperor as the reward of 
splendid deeds. j& ]. Fung- 
chang, He who bears the banner. 

311: Chang-go 

A celebrated ' goddess in the 

palace of the moon. -ftpj 

Wug, is also used for the first 



318. Used for 310, in 
reference to the Five 

313. 'The palm ofthe hand, 
the sole of an animal's foot, 
called by Hie Chinese, The 
middle, and the heart of the hand; 
the root of the fingers. To grasp 
with the hand. To rule; to conlroul. 
a surname. t|> 'Jj= C:he-chang, 
or -i \f ai Shttiiy-che, or B^ -S- 
Ma-hwang, A leech. Ahfe 1 Yang 
chang, To lose one'i ease and self- 
controul; perturbed; disconcerted. 
J)3x | Chih chang, The controul 
which belongs to one's office. 
I Jffl Chang-Ic, rt 1 Choo- 

f !_- I 

char.g, 'p^ Chang- kwan, To- 

rule ;. to manage. J5fr Chang- 

keaou, To rule and teach; applied 
to tutors. "ft~f ,/jjt _ Td 1 
Ta ta yih pa chang, Give him a slap 
with the hand. ~m\ ^K gft 
&y* Joo she choo chang hoo, Easy, 
as pointing out any thing on th 
palm of the hand. H b. ^K- ^M? 

1 1 > \ I X X XJ 

Heung chang mei wei, The sole of 

a wild boar's foot, has a sweet smell. 

rb Chang cluing, In the palm 

of the hand. _}^ Chang shang, 

On the palm of the hand, ^j ^P- 

1 Kan show chanj, To practice 


314. t The nae of a plant , 

115. A certain Taluablcslone. 

316. t Chang, or Shsng, To 
screen or fend off; the gar- 
ments for the lower prt of. 




the body; a petticoat j otherwise 
tailed ^a" Keun or 1|f KeUn. Vest- 
ments for the upper part of the body 
are called ^fc E. ~Jfj^ Is* E-chang, 
Garments generally; clothes of any 
kind. Jf -fa ] Chuen e chang, 
To put on clothes. 

317. CFrom Che, The will, 
and Chang, To manifest. 
YJ^-f To taste ; to try ; to essay. 
Having already done. The name of 
a certain sacrifice; a surname. 

Kow chang che PJ '^j* ^ taste it 
with the mouth. 

Chang-yfh-seay j & taste a 

I -1 



a taste. 
She chang Sj|H 1 try. 

~^ E tsth chang che, When you 

doubt or have suspicion, try it. 

;jj^ ] We chang, Not yet; not 

occured heretofore. 

^ 318. t Chang, or iala |& 
Chang-yang, A flying fish, 

^ ^f said to have a head re- 
sembling a swallow. Also called in 
I Yang-hwang- 

the north 

319. 'To pay the value of; 
to recompence; to pay for ; 
to make amends ^- ft 

Sha jin chang ming, He who 
kills a man must pay or forfeit his 
life. ^ ]fy ,^ Yew kung 
tang chang, He who has merit 
should be recompensed, jtj^ 
Teen chang ; ^ j Te chang, To 
pay or forfeit; generally applied to 


the life. fc ffi ] Dg K,-:,n 
chae, rliang tseen, He who owes a 
debt, must pay the money. 

320. t Same as the following. 

331. tflie name of a bird. 

322. x A surname. In its 
other senses read Tang. 

3? 3. Yang, From Day, One, 
and Sudden, To fly and spread 
abroadl ike the light emanat- 
'"g from the rising gun. Light. 
Strong; increasing; multitudinous. 
Spread, opened or laid out. The 
tecotid form is usual tut not correct. 

324. t. A piece of ground 
laid out and appropriated 
to some particular pur- 
pose. An arena on which 
to perform the rites of 
sacrifice; on which to 
gather in the grain; to perform 
literary exercises, or military con- 
tests ; to execute capital punish- 
ments; on which to consecrate 
priests ; for gaming ; and for the 
concourse of reptiles or insects. 
\umeral of affairs; circumstances; a 
particular period of life. Time, state 
or class of persons. ^CJfcjp- Ho chang, 
Place where grain is collected. ^3- 
I Ko chang, Place of public 
literary examinations. \f I Fi 

chang, Place of execution. J^ 
Too chang, A place fur gamin;; 
/]/ ^ 1 Miaou nceti chang, 
The focicty of the young. ' 
/>,' Yih chang mung, A Visionary 
state; a dream: laid of tea in 
allusion to life. 

325. C A kind of ttonr 
sceptre, otherwise called 
rJrKwc i, in li.-i.gth a cubit 

and two tenths. 

326. E- The parts which, tlie 
Chinese say', give expansion 
to the subtle fluids of the 

stomach ; the intestines ; the bowcN ; 
the seat of the affections ; thu name 
of a plant; and joined with other 
characters, forms several proper 
names. -^ DETachuiig, The great 
intestines leading to the anus. /j\ 
[ Scaou chang, The small in- 
testines; i. e. the urinary ducts. 

<& 1 S '" chang- A fr. 
towards, a liking or disposition for. 
- j Yang-chang, N'ame of the 
side of a hill. ^HF. | \Voo-chang, 
Name of a country. Jl'j I 
chang, Name of an animnl. (\\ 

,,.! I 

Yu-chang, Name of a sword. p 
I Hwang chang, Name of a coffin. 

327. t' The c.vci Hence, good, 
or Inppiness which exists 
within, passing to the out- 
side; expanding, pervading; to 
permeate; pcrmeant ; spreading 
all around. Filling; to fill; ex- 
pansion of th'- animal spirits, content- 
iiK-nt ; joy; hilarity. A surname, 
the full moon ; on a certain occasion 




the lllh moon. Applied to the 
playing of some songs, from their 
exhilarating effect. J $% $- 
<4M Tnnsj chang yu wae, To per- 
meate, extending to the outside. 
^ Mei cliang, Excellent ; plea- 
sing; agreeable. I jj^ Chang uy, 
According with one's wishes, plea- 
sing. 'Jj | Kwae-chang, Feeling 
delight; delightful, j ft Chang 
yue'.Tbe llth moon. ) JA" Chang 
chung, To pervade; to fill. 
r-fc 328. C: Land extensively 
spread, but unfertile; ex- 
pansive ; permeant. Said to 
be the proper form of the preceding. 

- 329. rlants or herbage ex- 

panding; luxuriant. 

1-, 1 330. I The seal character 
^F represents a hand grasp- 

' ^^- ) ing Ten. A measure of 
ten cubit? length. A 
slafF. -^ Chang- 
leang, To measure. An 
epithet applied to old persons. 
jfi Chang-foo, A husband. -jf 
Yd chang, A wife's father. J^ 

Chang-jin, or ^ j Laou chaug, 
Term of respect to a wifi 's father, 
or any old person. -fa ^ Ta 
chaag foo, A great irau. ~}j j Fang 
chang, A temple or monastry of Fuh ; 
the head of a monastry. life 
Han-chang, The chair of a teacher. 
The vulgar form is with a dot. 

Chang lenng ti'en mow, j 
i to measure land. 


1 331. t ' Generic term for wea- 
Jt^~ pons; such as the sword, 

\' ^^ spear, and Lmce. w- "O^ 
Ping chang, ^ | Kechang.Military 
weapons. ?J0 ] Tsae-chang, Orna- 
mented weapons. Jj Tachang, 
To fight. / j|s \ E-chang, The im- 
perial guard. H| i ?tth chang, 
Crosier used by a priest. 

[C] To rely, or depend on. ^ ] 
E chang, y ^fe ] Ping-chang, To 
lean against, to depend on. ffl ] 
Yang, To look up to for 
support. Occurs denoting A path or 
way. Used for 332. 

338. To hurt ; to wound . 

333. That which is grasped ; 

to support one in walking; 

a staff ; a cudgel or blud- 
geon; the stem or wooden part of 
alance. ['] To hold in the hand; 
to lean upon, to beat with a stick or 
bludgeon ; to beat with the bamboo ; 
a Chinese punishment. iK 
Kwae-chang, A stick, orstaff. Kwae 
is a short stick ; Chang, a long staff 
that reaches above ore's head. & 
] Oie-chang, To beat or flog with 
the bamboo. ] ^' Chang ylh- 
plb, To flog with a hundred blows, 
j^ ] Hoo-chang, A plant j 
^ Chang-chay, An old mm , at 50 

years of age, he may use* staff in 
the house; at 60 i.i the village; at 70 
in his native princedom , and at 
80 in the palace of the Emperoc. 

334. Disease. 

335. t Chang or Tsang, 
From 'ph Shih, To eat and 
Pi Hwuy, An enclosure. 

A square building in which to store 
up grain. A granary. See Tsang, 
Haste, hurry. 

336. t Chang or Chwang, 
The heart perturbed. /||j 
'h& Tse-chang, 1'erturbation 

of mind ; painful feeling ; grief. 

*MH Chang-hwang, Disappointment, 


337 - To hurt j to wound. 
A wound ; a sore. 

338. C. A wooden lance point- 
ed and hardened by fire. 
Used by peasantry against 

339. (i The name of a fra- 
grant plant, which is blended 
with black millet and fer- form a species of wine used 
in sacrifice, jj^ 1^ Kcu-chang, 
Black millet and the plant Chang, 
An odoriferous wine used to invoke 
and cause a descent of the gods. Used 
for 327. 1 f$ Chang-mow, Lux- 




A broad, the three rowels coalescing ; no similar sound in English. Manuscript Dictionarief , Chto. Canton Dialect, 

Chew, ew as in Tew. 

340. ' To call upon with au- 
thority ; to summon ; to cite 
to appear , to invoke. ~^L 
Chaou keen, To summon to an 
interview, as is frequently done by 
the Emperor. Another person's invi- 
tation i called |j| j Chung- 
chaou, A gracious summons. -^ 
^f- Foo chaou tsze, A father 
summons his son. 

Chaou tilae /j3 fy ^call him here. 

Cbaou chin I K[ summons his mini- 
sters to attend. 

Chaou pah taou X\ ^|] not to 
appear on being summoned. 

341. To call aman. j ^ 
Chaou muh, To walk in or- 
der. To place people in 
proper order. Chaou denotes a 
father; and ^ Muh, A son. J]Q 
Chaou is used in the same sense. 

342. I From Chaou, To in- 
yoke, and S P;"ih, To 
divine. To enquire by divi- 


343. Calling to in a hoarse 
guttural manner. 

344. A female name. 

345. A pool of water ; 
a pond. One says, A pool 
with a winding margin. A 

piece of ground appearing in a pond ; 
an island. 

346. The same as 347. To 
call one's self. 

347. A certain kind of bow. 
The elastic flying back of a 
bow after the arrow shoots 

from it. ^ J Ta chaou, A large 

348. From To call, and A 
hand. To call and make a 
signal of invitation at the 

same time; to invite with the hand; 
to beckon ; to induce to come by 
proclamation. Hand-bill or sign 
board. To entreat ; to entangle ; to 
t-ke crime to one's self; to confess. 
To assume ; to excite ; to raise. A 


1 Show chaou, 

To beckon with the hand. 
Chaou-chaou-chow-tsze' J ] 
to hail a boatman. 

Chaou gan 1 $jr to issue proclama- 
tions to soothe the people, or invite 
insurgents to submit. 


Chaou hi-en ^ to invite good 

people to come forward. 
Chaou jay | ^ to provoke. | 

& Chaou yaou, To shake, to excite. 
Chaou kaou j $j to invite the peo- 

ple to accuse suspected officers. 
Chaou lang juh shay | 

inviting a bride to enter a cottage. 
Chaou mooping 

soldiers, or ] 

It t 

chaou tiiea 
hea, To call the whole empire. 
Chaou shang | jj to invite people 
to come forward to engage in the 
mercantile concerns of govern^ 


a hand bill or pla- 

Chaou pae, A sign 

| jjfp ; or ] 


Chaou tc'S ] 


Chaou tsuy 

jin, To confess some crime. jrj 
I Tsze chaou, To bring upon one's 

Chaou ho | ||^ to bring some cila- 

mity on one's self; which is also ex- 

pressed by j Chaou 

tsae Iwi ho. 




S49. ' The splendour of the 
lun | bright ; iplendid ; 
light ; manifest t manifested ; 

Chaou mfih []# ^ the display of 
order, as between father and son; 
far off and near at hand ; old and 
young ; nearly and distantly related. 
Cbaou is HH Ming, Luminous ; and 
Mflh, denotes ^ Tsze, Order. 
Chaou is the higher place, on the 
left side, or towards the south ; Mflh, 
is the right side, or towards the north. 
I E& Chaou-soo, The manifes- 
tation of Spring, by the flight and 
noise of various insects. An ab- 
breviation of the following. 

350. 'The light of fire 
reaching to; light illu 
mining by falling upon 
an object ; to illumine; 
to extend care and su- 
pcrintendance to ; to ac- 
"^ J cord with former acts, 
usages or precedents ; like ; according 
to ; the same as. 3$f 00 Poo chaou, 
To illumine every place, ^t 
Kung chaou, To surround with light 
and splendour, ilf I Ho chaou, 
Firelight. JjJ ft ^J'hye 

chaou lin, The light of the sun and 
moon descending or reaching to. 
|p Ching chaou, Light falling 
at right angles. J3 ] Fan chaou, 
Reflected light. 1 |ft| Chaou ying, 
| ^pj Chaou koo, To pay atten- 
tion and regard to, for the purpose of 
asiistiuj. | fjjf Chaou kwan, J 

leaou, To oversee ; to 
manage and direct affairs. 

Cbaou chang j *H* The same as 

as usual, 
Sin chaou J|^> 1 To regard or pay 

attention to with the heart or mind. 

Chaou kcw ] ^ The same as 

Chaou le pan le J ^ijj |M $i] to 

act or manage agreeably to standing 


Chaou peth ' ^' a wall opposite 
the gates of government offices. 

Chaou soo * 3& according to the 

Chaou swan 1 1j[. according to the 
1 -r\~ 

calculation or reckoning to be made. 
Chaou tsze | j| according to this. 

Chaou yang I ;tjj| the same as a 

Chaou joo teenjih 1 -flft Jc PI 

as manifest as the sun in the 


351. The appearance of a 
tree agitated; a target to 
shoot at. A bathing seat 

or conch. 

352. The light of fire; to 
illumine by fire. Light; 
mental discernment A sur- 
name. Same as 350 

353. Another name f 
Clnrang, A bed, or couch. 

354. The thin membrane 
which covers flesh below the 
external skin. 

355. A certain vessel. 

356. <S To make signs, in 
sport, to a person with 
the eye. To wink; to ogle j 
to play with the eye. 

357. C The name of a person. 

358. Also read Teaou, A 
broom ; to sweep. 

359. ' To declare; announce, 
or proclaim to ; a Royal or 
Imperial declaration, or 
proclamation. To teach; to instruct; 
to promulge to the whole empire. 
'f^P I Tae-chaou, Name of a cer- 
tain office in the Han-Iin Co' 1 je. 
Name of a certain Barbarian king. 
j!j|| ^ ~~JC Pan-chaou teen 

he a, To promulge the Imperial will 
to the whole Empire. A [j* ~7" 

n ^ s: m i % z 

Jingan, puh ke.nsze e, tsth chaou 
kaou die, If a man does not perceive 
what is proper in any affair, then 
instruct him. 
Chaou-che JS or ~mh ] chlh- 

i ' /TJ^ i 

chaou, or j*j | Tan-chaou, An 
official and public declaration of the 
Emperor's will ; an imperial pro- 
clamation addressed to his ministers 
and people. P3 j GSn-chaou, 
A gracious declaration of the Im- 
perial will, as, a general pardon. 





360. To step lightly; to 

tr 'P i to ste P over > to ' ea P 
over; to precede; to sur- 

pass,- to excel ; to raise to a higher 
state of intellectual or spiritual ex- 
cellence ; to raise from purgatory to 
the region of the blessed. A sur- 

Chaou chBj|9 j^_ personal accom- 

plishments or talents, surpassing 

Chaou keun | to excel the or- 

dinary class of men in talents or 


Chaou sing 1 Jraj supernatural. 
Chaou too I \$? to raise from a 

state of suffering, departed spirits. 
Chaou yu5 | jj|| to raise or pro- 

mote over the heads of others. 

%# Chaou pa ; 1 ^f chaou shin S ' 

and 1 J^ Chaou keu, all express 

a similar idea. 

j, j2U 

rf^! 461. A large sickle or scythe. 

362. A cool breeze; a 


|X;j breeze when the air is pure 
and clear. 

363. Name of a horse. 

7 Shaou, 364. Few in number; 
to derogate ; to disparage ; to lets- 
en a person or thing ; to abuse. 
Toflatter and compliment a person 
it expressed by itt opposite %+ 
\/ To che, To much him ; to in- 
ereate-him as to good qualities. 
It also denotes Young, holding a 
second place, and so on. 



365. (Read Meaou. The 


hoarse voice of a certain 
wild fowl. Read Chaou, 
Clamour ; to wrangle. iQ pA> 
Seang chaou, Mutual wrangling. 
Chaou jang J 4J| O r Chaou-naou | 
PU to make a clamorous di>tur- 
banccj to clamour. XpT ^B I 
Ho tangchaou-naou, what a wrang- 
ling noise and bother! 

L366. To take ; to take by 
'O force; to take or stir as 

with a spoon. To seize a 
person's effects by au 
order of government. To 
transcribe, or copy a 
paper. A surname. yU zj^i Chaou 
seay, or ^ Chaou ting, To 

transcribe any paper or book. 
ra Cbaou-pih, To make a fair 
copy of any original official docu- 
ment, j jj; ^ Chaou ching 
tsze, To copy out in the plaiu hand. 
1 -JJJZ. Chaou kea, or ^jjp [ Cha 
chaou, and Cha chaou, |j jgjj Kea 
chan, all express Searching a person's 
house ; and taking possession of the 
property by order of government. 
Same as $0 Chaou. 

Chaou-tsze J?fa jjgt copy of an official 
letter from one officer of rank to 

367. t- To fry j to roast in 
a pan with a small portion 
of water, lard, or liquor. 

368. To till or plough the 

369. An instrument of 
husbandry, to plough and 
rcplough the ground 

370. A boat reitleii or 
agitated on the surface of 
the wat<T. Jt 

371. -To make a disturbance, 
a tumult. Light; volatile , 
slender waisted ; artful A 
name. Same as 365, in the 
phrase Chaou-nauu. 

372. A horn spoon. 

373. - To take ; to seize by 
order of government; tn 
transcribe ; to copy. Same 

F*H Chaou 

kwan, A sealed document, or official 
receipt given by an officer of Govern- 
ment for articles received. A kind 
of paper money or bank note em- 
ployed by government, uader the 
dynasty Sung, in the reign of &j (8? 
Shaou-hing, (A. D. 1170); value from 
one to five thousand cash were called 
^ I Ta chaou ; and from one to 
to seven hundred, were called 
A\ I Seaou chaou. Offices were 
appointed every were to receive 
and give them out. They were to 
be renewed within seven years, and 
fifteen cash for every thousand was 
deducted for the expence of making 
the notes ; a general name for them 
was ^jJ j Tseen-chaou ; and they 
were also called -)M $$Cchoo-pe. A 
scarcity of copper is assigned as one 
reason ; and another is, a want of 
money to pay the army ; which led 
to this scheme to entice the merchant 





with the convenience of it ; for it ii 

aid that ^ ${ ^ 'twas conven- 
ient both for the government and 

874. A certain prepar- 
ation of rice and wheat 
flre-dried and ground 
to a powder, or formed 
into certain cakes. 

^^ 375. ^ The nails of the fin- 
j IV gers and toes the claws of 
S I ^k an animal j the talons of a 
bird. To scratch ; to claw to tear 
to pieces with the claws ; to lay the 
claws upon any thing j to lay the 
hand upon with the palm undermost; 
to take with the hand. ~~f ^ 
TTf JC. Wang che chaou ya, The 
king's clatei and teeth ; applied to 
himself by an ancient statesman. 
^ ite 1 Mae-pan-chaou, The 
Compradore's claws ; i.e. the labour- 
ing people he employs. j jj||| 
Chaou Ian, To tear to rags with the 
claws. tijj* I Hoo chaou, The 
claws of a tiger } and so of any other 
animal or bird. 

376. ' To scratch gently, 
or tickle} metaphorically 
to cajole; to tear with the 
nails. 3=. iflT <Jb Show chaou 
shlh, To seize food with the fingers. 
Chaou-choo ] $ to grasp with the 

talons, as an eagle does. 
Cbaou-chaou-urh 1 I ~L to scratch 

one's ear. 

Chaou-cho-ta-telh-yang-choo 1 ;& 
"fifi $3 '$ ^ scratch the part of 
him which itches ; assail him on his 
weak side. 

Chaou-po-leen 1 /GRr jjujt to scratch 
and tear a person's face. 

377. ' Wood acuminated. 
A thorn to pierce with a 
sharp point 

378. r An utensil made of 
'ifjrly * bamboo or reeds for receiv- 

/\ V. ing solids and permitting 
fluids to pass through, said to be like 
a spoon. (MS Dictionary.) 

Chaou-le 'rrr 6! a kind of uncovered 
yi r*J 

basket The nest of a bird, when 
made in any hole, and not on a tree. 

379. Chaou. A tortoise 
shell dried by fire, for the 
purpose of divination. An 

altar of earth ; the mound which sur- 
rounds an altar or grave. A million, 
dj^ Chaou, or 1 jj|| Chaou-thow, 
or Tr* J Seen chaou, An omen ; a 
prognostic. =!? J Keth chaou, A 
favorable prognostic; an omen of 
good, jig? j Yth chaou, The hun- 
dred thousand and the million, denotes 
The mass of the people, which is also 
expressed by & Chaou min. 

133 King chaou, The place 

where the million assembles, the 
residence of the Emperor and court. 
Tsih chaou, The ground 
round a tomb. |fe j Yew chaou, 
A certain year of the Cycle. 

380. Same as the preceding. 

381. Same as the following. 
BudTaou, Acareia a field. 

383. Chaou, or T'haou. Any 
dike, limit, or boundary, it 
called Chaou. The name of a 
certain sacrifice. ^P l}| Tsih- 
chaou, The dike drawn round a 
grave, in the Chinese manner, to 
mark the limits of it. 

E _ 383. / A kind of banner on 
'II* which dragons and serpents 
are depicted, to which su- 
perstitious ideas are at ached. fli|J 
~fcf|,; Ke chaou, A banner, a flag with 
various devices worked on it. 

384. An ancient form of] 

385. A surname. 

386. A strong powerful dog. 

387. Grain growing spon- 
taneously, without towing 
or cultivation. 

388. Silk threads which pass 
obliquely, neither length- 
wise nor crosswise, at in 
weaving figures ; variegated. A nu- 
meral of pieces of silk. 

A sheep under, a year 
old. One says, A foreign 
sheep a hundred catties 

or according to some, A 
three year old horse. 





391. The name of a fish. 

392- C The raornin S- * 
jjjH Chung chaou.Themora- 

ing till breakfast. A sur- 
name. Ministers haying an inter- 
view with the Sovereign, is tailed 
Chaou, from their being required to 
go early in the morning ; waiting on ; 
seconding. Nobles or princes seeing 
the Sovereign, not on business, is also 
called Chaou. Local officers seeing 
a governor, is called Chaou ; but not 
in modern use. Chaou, is the place 
in which the affairs of government 
are listened to and audience given. 
Chaou is also used for a dynasty ; for 
the reigning family ; for the court, and 
for the empire. 4fe I Wo chaou, 
Our dynasty. 4J6 1 Tso chaou, 
The Emperor seated to give audience. 
1 Shang chaou, To go to court. 
4f^ 1 Ta chaou, A visit to court 
every fifth year. 0^J Ming 
chaou, The late Chinese dynasty. 
-k J-ji? 1 Ta tsing chaou. The 
reigning Tartar Dynasty. /J\ 
Seaou chaou, A triennial visit of an- 
cient princes to the Emperor. 
Chaou fuh 1 HR court dress. 

Chaou keen j^ to have an au- 
dience of the Emperor. The Chinese 
designate the existing dynasty, and 
their own empire, ^ Te'en- 

chaou, The Celestial Empire; or 
the Dynasty especially appointed by 
Heaven, to rule the world. 

Chaou kung 1 gf to present tribute, 
as dependants. 

or 1 0W Chaou 

' "' 

Chaou yay, Morning 

Chaou-seen I 


wan, or 
and evening. 

Chaou ting 1 ^ the hall of audience; 
the court ; the Emperor. 

393. Chaou. To laugh; to 
jest; to ridicule; to boast. 

singing or chirping of birds. Read 
Taou, |f|St | Leaou taou, Many 
words; verbose. Read Chow, | 

Pf Chow tseaou, The chirping of 

small birds: the sound made by the 

swift course of a flight of small birds. 
Read Leaou, Tolaugh immoderately. 

394. Chaou, To laugh; to 
jest; to ridicule; to play 
and jest with each other. 

L Chaou-seaou, Laughing and 



395. t The tide. 'Water is the 
blood or breath of the earth ; 
and the tide is the advancing 
and retiring of this blood or breath; 
it accords with, or follows the state 
of the moon.* The tide rising in the 
morning is expressed by Chaou ; in 
the evening by ^fy Seth. j^ lj^ 
Choou chow, The name of a dis- 
trict in Canton Province, 'jpj 
Sze chaou, A kind of fowl that crows 
always at high water ; vulgarly called 
TiC H&Chaou-shwuy-ke. ?g 
1 Wang chaou, A certain fish. 
yfc Chaou-shih, Damp, foggy, 
moist air, or ground. 
Tide, ^ Shing chaou, To avail 
one's self of the tide; to go with it. 

I' 1C" ~^A 
jw| J Chaou chang leaou ; or 


"T Chaou ihwBy mwta 

leaou, express The tide flowing, or 
high water. ^ ~^ Chaou 

tuy leaou, Ebb tide. jl|( \ Snua 
chaou, The tide with one. j^ 
Ncih chaou, or 1 "Jj.^ Chaou ting, 
The tide against one. 

nFI 396- SameasS93 - To jeer; 
to ridicule -, to laugh at. 

397. A surname. 

J5L ChlS, 398. Erected firmly t eitat- 
linked; raited high ; eminent; lofty 
and liable; distant. 

399. / To stamp with the 
feet. Lame, yet able to walk. 


400. C Same as *g Chd. 

401. ' Longoan. Same as 
|3| Chaou. Also read Che. 
which see. 

402. To accord to harmo- 
nize with. 

403. To carry on the horns 
of cattle. 

404. The name of an animal. 
The royal hunt in winter. 
Abo read Cho. 

405. ' A kind of basket or 
cage, made of reeds for fish- 
ing with. 




406. ' A kind offuhing 
K-i-krt. Same as the pre- 
ceding. To cover over ; 
to shade. A shade; a 
ihade to keep the wind 
from a candle. JS ~f 

Chaou e, A kind of surtout. ffiH? 
I Kcaou chaou, A cover to keep 
a sedan chair from the dust. 

407. A small net. 

408. To propel a boat ; an 
oar -, to row. 

409. / A certain animal. 

410. 6 Walking; going; 
over stepping; leaning; go- 
ing rapidly, applied to de- 
signate the wind. 

411. To stamp with the 
feet; to walk; to go; to 
pass over. 

412. B A particular part of 
a carriage. 

413. >) A bird's nest on a 
tree ; a nest, as of thieves ; 
a lurking place. The name 

of a place. The name of a country; 
of a lake ; of an instrument of mu- 
sic; of a carriage. 

414. Little; imall. fcji 
J Chaou chaou, Long ap- 

415. Chaou. The noise, or 
sound of the voices of a 
multitude of persons. 

416. Chaou or Tseaou, The 
ap p earance of a lofty hill or 


.*> 417. Chaou or Tseaou, To 
seize and strike; an active 
turbulent effort. To take. 

418. Chaou or Tsaou, The 
name of a lake. 

419. Tsaou, A dwelling 
mage of stones piled on 
each other, without mortar; 
reared by people who throw them- 
selves on, or attach themselves to, a 

yfc-JL. 420. An instrument of music, 
consisting of a collection of 
tubes; a large one of the 

421. A certain species of net ; 
a small one; an utensil for 
cat ching fish. 

422. Chaou mth ti| jxK 
The name of a plant. 

423. C. To take ; to seize. 

//> 424. v ' Chaou, or Tseaou, 
^ 'P 63 * 1 f r others ; or to 
assume the words of others; 
to echo merely what others say, with- 

ut any will of one's own. 

425. t To rise up ; to strive 
to be first in walking. 

tj 426. A kind of stage 
on the top of a carriage 
| V for the purpose of standing 
high, and surveying an enemy 

427. The name of a district. 

423. To tie round ; to bind ; 
to restrict. 

> ^ 429. A high derated appear- 
ance; a thing with long 
l e S s > or f eet * 't. 
430. / To repair hastily to ; 
to repair to and announce 
to a superior, ai a small state 
to a greater one ; to return a thing 
borrowed. Acute; of long duration. 
Small or few. A surname; the 
name of a country. 

431. O To roast; to fire-dry. 
- to roast 

Chaou leth tsze 

Chaou hwa sang 1 ,/ to roast 

or fire-dry ground nuts. 

Same as the preceding. 

432. ' To supply, or en- 
deavour to supply, what is 
deficient, or required; to 
seek for ; to exchange money. 




Chaou hwan jin tseea 

or 1 j:js Chaou tsc'en, To ex- 
change silver for copper coin. 

Chaou hwan teen 1 ^ Jft money 
changer's shop. 

Chaotthwuy yiu J [p] <M| exchange 
given to bring the value of articles 
bought, and the money paid to a 

t Jlrf' 

Chaou poo | ^|)j to make up what 
is wanting ; to supply. 

Chaou tsin | ~=>j to eek for. 
Chaou tsfih ke shoo 1 W IBv 

r*JU ^* -\ 2v\ 

to make up the full number. 

_^_ } f 432. ' To strike ; to com- 
mence ; to begin. To cor- 
rect, or rectify. Intelli- 
gent, perspicacious; to; to 
project. Long, or of long contin- 
uance. The name of a hill. Used 
for. 378. 

Chaou king-foo |f J?S HS the name 
of a district in the Province of Can- 

433. t- A certain insect. A 
surname. In the sense of 
391. The morning. The 
splendour of gems. 

434. ' A net to catch bird* 
by throwing it over them 
and preventing their flight. 

y* 435. / An oar by which a 
boat it impelled, an oar ap- 
plied by the ide, to row - 


436. Same at 404. 


Ay, pronounced ai in Day. Manuscript Dictionaries Che and Tche. Canton Dialect, Chay. 

437. v The Chinese define 
this word as a Disjunctive 
Particle, and at a Demon- 
strative Pronoun, Thii; for which 
the character ^jg Chay is now, 
though erroneously, always em- 
ployed. In the first sense it is often 
used when defining, and is pl.icej 
after the characters to be defined, 
and the definition given; as ~fc ^K~ 
Jjp fy Teen-chay,le yay ; Heaven, 
that is a principle of order. In 
By | Ke chjy, at the commence- 
ment of letters, Chay has merely this 
Disjunctive sense, denoting a pause 
after Ke, which implies, I commence ; 


I now begin to state or open the sub- 
ject. After a Verb, or a sentence 
denoting action or passion, Chay 
denot s commonly the Agent, or the 
person suffering ; answering to, as 
he ; she ; it ; or they, who. ^& 
I Gae ch:iy, He who loves or lov- 
ing ; is the example usually given. 
But the fact is, that whether follow- 
ing Verbs or Nouns, it simply directs 
the mind to pause, and point it to the 
word or sentence preceding; Gae- 
chay, may either be, The virtue of 
love or charity, or those who love. 

i-- 1 'J "{ Jin cha y &** yy- 

Jia (^benevolence) that- is love. Jia- 

chay, may, when standing alonp, 
either be Benevolence, or those who 
exercise it. 

4S8. To rend asunder. 

439. Read Chay, The name 
of a district; of a hill ; and 
of a certain river. Alto 

read Too, which see. 

440. Affluent) extravagant; 
wide spread; prodigal,- 
wasteful. ~ Name of an an- 
cient beauty. A surname ; the name 
of divinity. Following H 




0, it denotes a prison -who marries 
an old woman. Following j|Fj Lan, 
To praise i to flatter. 
Chayche & 4& \ wasteful, extra- 
Chayhwa 'J(t[J; pro- 


Chay che fan hwa ] f^ ^ ^ "- 
travagance ; show ; splendour. 

441. > To tear or split open -, 
to drag along; topull rough- 
ly and forcibly. 
Chay tslh ^ Jlr to pull or tear apart. 

T" / P 

Chay keu ] ^ to tear away. 
Chay lei 1 M. to riye or tear asun- 


442. 6 Chay, or fif Vg Tsih 
J& *T^I 

ehay, Turbid* foul. 

443. C Wide; large. Read 
To, Thick. 

444. O To itrike j to flog ; 
to beat. 

445. The epithet of a father. 
A local word. 

416. The sugsr can*. 

447; V Red earth; carna- 
lion colour. 

Chay ihlh yjft- ^"a carnation pigment, 

ued by Painter*. 
Chay e j ^j? garment* worn by 


Chay hang pion j ^j ^) a cer- 
tain royal or imperial garment. 

448. Name of ahorse. 

449. C Chay, or 
Chow-chaj, Tgly. 

450. Black; dark. 

451. A carriage; cart, or 
any vehicle which is drawn 
by horses, or that goes up- 
on wheels. The jaw bone which con- 
t ins the teeth; to. turn a wheel. 
A surname. Also re^d Keu. Some 
dislii guish the characters by making 
the upper horizontal line longer 
than the lower one in Chay, and 
reversed it in Keu. 

Chay chwang JJ ft a Turner's lathe. 

Chay lun 1 rftjjjj a cart wheel. 

Chay Isae tow leang 1 gj] 3\* -& 
a cart carries grain measures; or a 
great many measures ; there are a 
great many such persons or things. 

458. Nar, e of a certain hill. 

453. t C hay keu 
a certain stone, white co- 
lour, of which some Chinese 

cap buttons are made. Inferior to 

the stone called jj: Yuh. 

454. ' A dysentery. 

455 Chay tic en W "MM a 
certain plant, said to be a 
remedy for a tuppression 
of urine. 

456. A certain insect. 

457. The jnw bones; the 
wheels of the face which 
contain the teeth. 

458. Chay. Chay !o, r tron; 
but not virtuous. 

459. Ch\y. To screen; to 
hide. The appearance of 
much talking, great loqua- 

460. A woman's name. 



drag ; to drag affairs into 
notice, which do not arise 

462. A species of mulberry 

463. ' The sugar caae. 

464. Many words ; much 
talk. To reprimand > to 
abuse , to insult. 





465. To cover over; lo pre- 
"* LI vent seeing , to screen, litcr- 

l. TO 

Chay kae ^ ^ to cover over. 

Chay mwan j}S to hide from a 

person's knowledge. 
Chay pe 1 -jtJj/ to screen. 
Chay shih HJn to gloss over. 

Chay shih J^- to conceal one's 

failures or errors. 
Chay yen j JS to screen or con- 

ceal from. 

466. / The sugar cane. 

467. The sugar cane. Same 
as the preceding. 

548. A certain insect. 
One says, A ipecies of 

470. Name of a medicinal 

471. Chay koo g jgj a 

47!. A snrname. Otherwise 
read Chih. 

473. C To fasten with a cord. 

475. C Opposed to at a dis- 

476. Name of a hill. 

476. * To itand in the road. 

477 /To cauterize j to roast ; 
to warm. Otherwise read 
Chay show 1 3= to warm the hands 

at a fire. 
Chay ho j iff to warm at a fire. 

478. / A clear day. 

I . 479. To pu'l or tear with 
jpl I* the hand; to drag ; to pull 
M'^^ asunder. 
CVy kae |jj |J^ to pull open, to pull 

apart. Fame as 141. 
_* 4&0. ' This applied to per- 
j"^* sons or things. V: r'.mn 
^>i^^" numerals are joined with it 
according to the Noun which follows. 
Chay ko jin jjj jPjj J\^ tlm man. 
Ch ly le ] ^ or j|| this place; here. 
Chay sze 1 ^ or 1 -^t .ifi Chay 

keen *zc, This affair or business. 
Che she 1 {};fe or tj^ j^ Chay 
she how, At this time. 

Cbay ynng 1 J|| thus. 

Chay t5ng ] ^ this class, sort, or 
kind; such. 

481. Chay. t Gaping; the 
appearance of opening the 
mouth wide; large mouthed 
appearance of the lip hanging down. 
The wish or opinion of a multitude. 
The name of a person. J]4 ffi 
Chay jen, With one consent, una- 

48S, / A ipccia of mulberry 





E, nearly as in Me. Manuscript Dictionaries Ckl. Canton Dialect, Che. 

^ 483. From a Dart, and Mouth; 
.<fc f -1j denoting the rapidity with 
S which knowledge is com- 

municated. To know; to be ac- 
quainted with; to advert; to per- 
ceive; to remember; to cause to 
know ; to tdl. The name of a me- 
dicine; name of a place; a surname. 
Che che chin ; hing che leih tfl\ ~%_ 
"ji fa %,~f] knowing its truth, 
practice it strenously. 
Che fW I fisfthe magistrate of a 

Foo district 
Che been I L^f. the magistrate of 

a Hl : en dMrict. 
Che hwuy '&? to give information 

to ; to inform ; to tell. 
Che ke ch ly 1 -I ;gj a very inti- 
mate friend. 

Cheke8 | ^ to advert to; to re- 
mark; to observe; to notice 
Che kej oo shin ] ^ ^p jjfljl to 

know incipient causes like the gods. 
Chemingchoo tang ] ^ fa ^ 
that which is clearly perceived will 
be managed well. 

Che mwan j j^ or ^ J^ Che 
tsHh, To know that one has enough ; 
to be contented. 

Che taoii I ^fj or 1 ^ ~f Che 
I ^~i j >ti j 

taou leaou, I know it; very well; 

aid in rrp'y to some information 
given. It does not signify approba- 
tion, nor its opposite. These words 
are often the official reply of the 
Emperor to papers which are sent 
to him. 

Che hih j g3f knowledge; informa- 

Che woo pHh yen 1 3JH: yf\ "Q 
to tell, to a pupil, all that one know*. 

484. To walk; to go or 

485. To walk; to go or 

486. \ The hair of an animal 
abundant ; shaggy ; hairy. 

487. ' Knowledge: very ", 
general info rmalion ; uni- 


vcr,sal science. Wise ; wis- 
dom. Occurs in a bad, for the 
skill and talent of a villain. 

Che-sze ^ il a wise and g ood 
Chc-ch>y ] ^ J man - 

Che ch--tvan ~7/ JT^J the priuci- 
I /^ *nIB 

pies of knowledge. 


488. t Name of a stream 
of water. 

489. -To stamp; to beat 
with the feet; to knock the 
head against the ground. 

490. 6 Foolish; diseased 
knowledge; diseased intel- 
lect ; derangement of mind. 

Che choo \ '$? not ^P 10 ' 6 of 


Che pi^g pnh chejinize j ^ ^f\ 
&lj /I ^! diseaie of silliness or 
idiotism ; in which a person is in- 
capable of comprehending human 

491. \ Che-moo^^: 
a certain plant. 483 i.< also 
used in the same sense. 

a sp'der. 

493. - To give property as a- 
pledge or security. 

494. Hesitation ; embarrass- 
ment; irresolute. 


c i i !; 


Che-choo jj-jfj] {M embarrassment ; 
unable to proceed either on with a 
journey or with affairs. 

495. t'A kind of demon or 
CTil spirit. 

496. ' Che-choo Ife 3$ the 


appearance of the Running. 
hand character; a mere 
black daub. 

497 ' Three battlements 
or embrasures of a city wall 
are called Che. 

498. / A bird flying down 
to the earth, where it arrives 
at the termination of its 
flight. To go or come to ; arrival at 
the given or extreme point; to arrive 
at a certain place, or point of time; 
till, -the extreme limit; the higheit 
degree ; great ; good ; to communicate 
information to ; the extreme of the 
lun's coure north and south ; the 
solstices. Ai to; respecting. 
Che-chang 35 -Jp name of an insect. 
Che-chow j ^| most ugly. 
Che-e [ ,*n most easy, 

Che-g5 ] |jfjj extremely viciousj 
wicked in the highest degree. 

Che-heen ] W the highest degree 

of morals and goodness. 
Che-kin ] J^ as near as possible. 

Che-kung ] Q most just and equit- 

Che-keth \ K& the utmost extreme ; 


a double superlative. 
Che-nan I $|| most difficult. 


Che yuti pang ) ^ went 

to another state. 
Che laou keen scay j 

even until old age, intriguing and 

Che shing I 1C most holy, is applied 

to Confucius. 
Che-shin 1 JTjm most divine, was ap- 

| 7U t J f r 

plied to the first Emperor of the Ming 


Che-tih | ^ most virtuous. 
Che-ts'm 1 $3 tne nearest related 

I / I7" 

are father and son; elder and young- 

er brother. 
Che tsze te we. | J^ ${j fi to 

this state of circumstances either 

good or lad, 
Che-yuen 1 jj| extremely remote. 

Che-jin 1 /fe most benevolent, 

499. t A certain jpecies of 

500. tf To go to, or come to ; 
to visit; to take pleasure 
in ; to repair to with alacrity ; 
to carry to the utmost degree; to 
push inquiries for the perfecting of 
knowledge. To terminate or resign 
n office. To expose or venture one's 
life in a cause. To rule or regulate ; 
the end to be aimed at and the man- 
ner of pursuing it. Minute ; subtile. 
To lead to ; to tend to ; that, noting 
the cause which leads to a certain 
end ; or the tendency to a certain end. 

Che-ching ^T Il^ tne utni()st truth 

and sincerity. 

to make a li.t uf and 


Che-e | ^'o communieiU or.e'i 
good wishes or compliments to 
another person. 

Che-ming J -grf to give or sacrifice 
one's life in a device. 

Che-neu j -jjr the formal civilities of 
inquiry and compliments paid to a 
bride three months after marriage. 

Che-shoo ] ~ft a letter betw f p,i 
equals ; a national letter from the 
Tartars is so called in History. 

Che-sze 1 <f] to resign an office. 
Che-sze j pjBone who stimulates 

to daring in battle. 
Che-shin j j^t o resign one's life. 

Che-tS j|g to communicate in- 
formation to. 

Che-che-tsae-kih-wuh | p ; ig, 
^ the perfecting of knowledge 
consists in scrutinizing the properties 
of things. 

Che-yiing 1 fll to collect or prepare 

for use. 
Che-yS J ?*$ to regulate music. 

501. Che. Things coming 
together, coming into eon. 

508. f To apply the hand 
to ; to pierce ; to sUb ; to 
plunder; to take property 
from. [\ ] To point with the finger ; 
to go to j or arrive at. 

503. 'Damp; moist; ten- 
dency to wetness. 




504. / Disease in the in- 
ferior eztrrmities. 

505. ' Fine, tubtile, de- 
licate; elegant; soft) ef- 
feminate. To mend or repair 

garment! ; torn garment*. 

506. To seam or mend 

Large grasi. 

Words; discourse; 
laugh at ; to ridicule. 

509. X Sole of a shoe. 

510. / The [& Yin or dark 


Tapours obscuring the [ft?- 
Vang, or Light. Close and 


511. I The name of a fish. 

% 512. -To stop; either as an 

Active or Neuter Verb. To 

* desist ; to be still ; to rest or 

abide in a certain place, or given 

circumstances; to stop at a certain 

point; hence, Only; the point at 

which any transaction closes. 

Che-lew ^ gj to stop; to detain. 

Cbe-noo ] ^ to desist from anger; 
to be pacified. 

Che-seih 1 H to desist from. 
I /lii 1 

f he-she ] 4H- only is ; only ; but 
Che-tin "] ^ only can. 

513. Che.orTe. To bewail 
with cries and tears; the 
crowing ofa cock; the note 

ofa bird, JJ& fiK. 

Kiih kiih te te, Weeping and la- 
mentation, fe 1 Neaou te, The 
bird sings. 

Te kiih pfp[ .^ to bewail and 

514. A foundation; that 

is fundamental. 
j Ke che, A founda- 
tion, as ofa house or a family ; seems 
also used metaphorically. 

515. Eight "H" Tsun or 
tenths of a cubit. Che- 
chih j^t J-j^ measures 
of length generally. 
Near to ; not far. 

516. A small island ; a small 
pond in wfckh is an island. 

517. A large stone; a stone 
for beating silk. 

518. Happiness; felicity. 


Chc-fuh jjjlj- jjft or reversed, Ffih-che, 
Happiness; joy; felicity. 

519. To le supplied with 
provisions is expressed by 
^nj jHp Kung-che. To 
hull; l hesitate. 

520. Certain rushes or grass 
platted into a cord. 

-jy * 521. 6 Vulgar form of 
KK 1 Che, A feeling of shame ; to 

put to shame. 

Che-jfih jjij jjj to disgrace, or insult. 
Che-sin j y^ a feeling of shame. 
JL- t n 522. A certain fragrant me- 
dicinal plant; also called 
Q |K Pih-che, and -4t- 
^Fang-heanr. The name of a place. 

f I 

523. To accuse; to accuse 
face to face; to impeach a 

._j 524. n The toes of the feet ; 

V % V. the foot of a wall ; a foun- 
V^ 1 1 . dation. 

Keaou-che ^& ^[J- Cochinchina was 
formerly so called ; appears to have 
been a.nick name implying that their 
toes folded over each other, in an odd 

Che kaou sin pHh koo ] ja ji\ 
~/^ |jJ He who trips lightly has 
an unsteady mind. 

525. > Same as the preceding. 
Used alo for jt|{^ Che. 

526. \ From ^ Issuing forth 
from; going to ; meeting 
with. The lower stroke 

represents the ground ; the middle one 
the stem ofa plant ; those on the side, 
leaves or shoots which go forth from 
the stem ; hence, borrowed to denote 
the Possessive Case of Nouns. Ex- 
pressive of that which comes forth 


from; or belongs to. It may often 
be translated by, Of, or the sign of 
the Genitive 's. /\ ~/_ 
^jp Yih jin che tsze, A man's son. 
Tfr J^I Teen che gan. The 
favour of Heaven. When coming 
between two Nouns, the first of 
which is preceded by a Verb, it 
may be translated fVho,or Which; as, 

'rf fiS 1 A Yew tTh che J in ' 
A man who is possessed of virtue; 

i. e. A virtuous man. /pT UDP j 

IJ \Art * 

S|! Yew heen che sze, An affair 
which has danger; i. e. a dangerous 
affair. It is the same between a Verb 
and a Nounj as, W55 1 3p 
Koo wuo che sze, An affair which 
is worthy to be hated ; i. e. a detes- 
table affair. After a Verb, it may be 
translated by the Pronouns, Him, 
her, it, them. ^K jffl. -jrW 
PiSh yaou tso che ; Don't do it. In 
the lame sense it occurs before 
the Verb, as ^^ | \fi\ fy 
Chin we che wan yay, I have not 
heard it. It frequently occurs doubled, 
I Che che. The first of which 
if translated, Him, her, it, them ; 
according to the Gender and Number 
of the Antecedent Noun ; and the 
tecond Che, is translated by Who; 

" ii 1 1 A Tin che 

che jio, Theperson who hears him, 
or her, or it, or them. I 3~ Che 
tsze. A bride. 

% . 527. - The budding forth of 
w^^ plants; name of a particular 
*^*<*m plant, said to be incorrupti- 
ble, and is used as an emblem of hap- 
piness. It has nine stems ; is of a 


gold colour, and admits a hulre at 
nights. Others say there are six > ;<.- 
rieties of colour. It is called sj>' 
;. Jjfij J?pL Ling-che suy tsaou. 
The spiritual Che, thefclicitous plant. 
A surname. There are varieties call- 
ed n( | Shwfiy-che, and ~T| 

Che Ian che shlh j fjf ~*/ S? the 
mansion of the Che-lun flower; and 

fragrant exhalations of the Che-lang ; 
both refer to the beneficial influences, 
of human happiness. 
1_ 528. - A hand pulling offa 
^*S branch of bamboo. A branch ; 
^ ^^fc those that branch off, as pos- 
terity. To branch off; to diverge; 
to separate; diverging. To grasp 
or holdup; to measure. The twelve 
Che are periods of two hours each. 
A surname. |Kj ==j ^/ && ShwO 
hwa che le, A discourse that branches 
off and leates the point in question. 
Vague, irrelevant harrangue. ^fc 
| Pun che, The root and branch ; 

j ^ 4 

ancestors and posterity. ^^ 
Tsung che, Those who are descend- 
ed from the same ancestor. 
Chechu | ^ a post; a support. 
Che kan ] ^p branch and trunk. 
Che keih ] fifa to give out to ; to 

Che le 1 ffi branching off widely! 

vague ; not to the point. 
Che pae 1 }jfi, to point to a particu- 
lar branch, or situation. 
Che tsze ] -4- descendants from the 
first born son of the Emperor or 



Che Ueay | ffi to lend. 

Chr yung 1 J|| lo employ in itiown 

branch; to appropriate, to lay out 

mny money. 
Che>* ' ^ the branch .nd leave*. 

529. ' To dislike; to hatr, 
stubborn; froward. To 
offend; to injure. 

530. The branch of a trer; 
to spread ; to scatter ; the 
joints of the fingers. Nu- 
meral of branches of flowers. A sur- 

Che ko ^ jipf a branch or half. 
Che ye 1 'eg: the branch and leaves. 

Che wo I ;fcX the first is an upright 
post, the other is placed aslant. 
^ SSI. - Diverging streams of 
~^l J> water flowing from one 
y.<^^^ source. 

53*. - A stalk of grain. 

53J. - Sickness; disease. 

534. - Certain garments pe- 
culiar to the Nuns of the 
Buddha sect, and enjoined 

by the rules of their order. 

535. - The upper and lower 
extremities of the body are 
called JJJ Jj Sze chr, The 

four Che. 
Chete ] |gthelM>,!v 

Che keae 1 '& to cut a body into 
four parts; to quarter. 



536. The feet diverging; 
pressing onward to the at- 
tainment of virtue. Read 
Ke, in other senses. 
Che wang Hjj -^g to stand on tiptoe 
with expectation ; to hope anxiously 

5S7. / Wings of a bird. 
The fins of a fish, 

538. -Che, or $| jJH Che 
tsS, A certain bird referred 
to in Fable and in Poetry ; 
harbinger of glad tidings. 

539. Many; much.. 

540. That on which the 
mind determines ; the in- 
dilution; the will. To- 
pographical and Statisti- 
cal works. 


the inclination; the 

bent of mind; the will. 
Che hcang j fpj that to which the 

mind or inclination is directed ; the 

Che e kaou yuen ] ^* J0J ^ an 

elevated and comprehensive mind. 

511 . ' To forget. 

442. ' A dark black spot 
on tne humau body ; a spot 
of any kind or colour. Jin 
yew sing hung che teih k /fa / 


-Jsj there are some people 
who break out in red spots. Yew 
haou clip, yew go che ^ ^ 
/fa iul j there are good spots, 
and there are bad spots. It is re- 
marked of the first Emperor of the 
Han dynasty, that he had on his legs 
seventy-two dark spots. 

543. / Che, or Ke-theg^ 

upon the memory ; histori- 
cal annals. Used also for 1JR Che 
and |jg Che. 

f 544. - A surname; the name 
|~ y~ of a person; forms part of 
W \l the name of a state on the 
west ; called also 3 ~^fe YUC* che. 
wfl f\, Ven she > E P'thet of an an- 
cient Tartar. Name of a Keen dis- 
trict. See She. 

Te. 545. - Down to the ground; 
to a given point; the base; the 
frigin; the root or ground of. Ra- 
dically important, applied te ita- 
tetmen. Kame of country; of a 
ttar ; and of a divinity. Read Che, 

1 yfa Che che > Name "f " district - 

546. Che, or Te. A kind 
of soft stone, fit for 
^**\ grinding or rubbingtools on. 
Leading to a final end ; that ; certain ; 
to, -or at. Jg^Teshih, A whet- 
Chen yen liwuy, ko che hiug, My 
words are reasonable, and may, be 
carried into effect. (Shoo-king.) 
Che-choo j ^ name of a hill. 


547. Che. To stop; a 
bank; a small stream whirl) 
is banked in. 

548. Used for 3^ Che, To, 
or at a given point. Com- 
monly read Te, which tee. 

549. To strike; to beat or 
strike with the hands; to 
clap the hands. More fre- 
quently read Te, which ice. 

550. A grind-stone on which 
to rub tools. Even; flat; 
level as a stone which is 

rubbed plain ; equitable. 

Che-le ]fj|j ffi stones on which to 
rub or grind tools; to exercise one's 
self in moderation; to rub off vicious 
angles or asperities. 

Che-gae, or yae 1 
luable stone. 

a certain v- 

551. Respect; awe; 
veneration, such as it felt 
when a communication is 
made from a divinity ; 
to receive respectfully. 
Same as the following. 

558. Only ; but, as intro- 
ducing some qualifying 
clause. Also read Te. 

553. Grain beginning to ripgir. 
One says, it denotes re- 
planted. Also read Te. 





554. ' Cue denotes Smooth; 


something made level and 
smooth by rubbing on a 
stone. Paper; it should 
be written without the 
dot. The character is 
formed from Silk, because 
in former times docu- 
ments were written, on silk. 
A surname. _?Js 1n Tsae 
lun, (A. D. 940) Cut to pieces old 
cloth, pounded and made paper 
of it from which time rlj Kin, A 
piece of cloth entered into the com- 
position of the character. p4 I 
Pih che, White paper. j? 1 
Hung che, Red paper. JEJi 
Tsaou ehe, Paper made from plants. 
Che chang j ij^ paper in sheets j a 
sheet of paper. 

Che tseen ^jj| paper money; 

means paper burnt in certain rites. 

Che pae j Jj^J gaming cards. Jflf 
I JjE Ta c l> e P ae < To P' a y at cards. 
They are of various sorts. The 
most ancient and most elegant 
are called Wi ~^- Jjffi Teen tsze pae, 
Dotted cards. The- dots have a re- 
ference to the stars. They were 
introduced by the Emperor J3 jft\ 
Seuen-ho, Originally called ^- Jj^l 
Ya pae, Bone or ivory tickets. 

Che-tung ^ the paper -like la- 
mina of the plant Tung, known in 
England by the term Rice Paper. 

Che-tung hwa I S*^ /n? artificial 
flowers made of rice paper. 

555. Name of a certain 
insect; or shell fish. 

TART. n. t. 


556. Che, or Jj|| Jjfl- 
Pe che, The stomach or 
crop of a bird. The 
stomach of a cow. 

557. A certain drinking ves- 

558. Same as^ Che, A 


wing. Occurs in the San- 

559. - To tread with the 

560. A certain pearly kind 
of shell fish. 

>56\, A certain fish. 


562. Che ; or Te, A certain 

563; Se or Che, Slow ; not 
progressing ; length of 
time; stillness. Strong, 
jlp ^)j Che le, Stro, g 
benefcial or u -eful ; ap- 
plied to utonsils. 

564. Clie. A raised pith 
leading to the hall or prin- 
cipal anaruuei:!; the vesti- 
or open landing i<lace in front 

of a hall, to which there ion ucent 
by one flight of step*; the name of 
a country. ^ ^- JTJI ^ ^ 

Jli^fPf fl S T-heen-Uze , 
tan tslh tc koo ching Un-che, The 
Emperor varnishes the ground with 
a red colour, and hence the path or 
vestibule is called Tan-che. The 
landing place is commonly called- 
^ ff^ Teen keae. That of the 
Emperor is otherwise denominated. 
jfa j CMh-che, and^g ] YdU 
che. The first of which terms denote* 
that the vestibule is of carnation 
colour; and the last, that it is of 
gems. A great variety of epithets 
are applied to this vestibule, open to 
the heivens, as ^ Teen-che ; 

^ | Keae-che; | Kin-che, 
The golden vestibule or porch. 

lEft | Yahlun S che - "O 16 
precious stone dragon vestibule, and 

o on. 33- y I Pae yut che, 
The vestibule, on which the moon ii 
worshipped. Jtk jjjlf | Chfihsaou 
che, The bamboos brush the vestibule. 

fl-'uit 1 Lo ying he> Th " 
vestibule covered with dew. Though 

the word Vestibule i not strictly 
applicable to an uncovered porch, it 
is here used to avoid circumlocution. 
Same as }Jp Cne - 

565. Young grain; late 
grain ; grain that is late 

in ripening, whatever 

_ -. u young and small is 

arl^j> exprcs.ed by Che. On 
\' . says, A self conceited 

hsughty manner. 
Chc ke M 43. delicate tbmperameut. 





Che Uze Jfie ^ a yonng, a delicate 

Che tseay kwanj 1 ^ tf young 

and wild. 

566. Name of a plant 

Language serious 
and impressive. A roan's 

568. To walk leisurely ; to 
be long in doing; to impede 
by being in too much baste. 
Slow; dilatory; late; to delay or 
stay for. A surname. ^k jM 
Wei che, Remote, distant appear- 

delay ; dilatory. 
5 | ow and long. 
to detain ; or be de- 

Come late. ? ] T,e che, To 

J.5% I 

desist ; to lay by and wait for ; to 

Che che JS impeded in its 

Chehwan ] 
Che kevf j 

Che lew ] 

Che che woo hing ^E. 

slow and leisurely do I walk. 
Che ming j 

Che sS pilh tung [ * 

slow and fast arc different. 

_ - 
- tj^ 569. Slow, leisurely mode of 


before or about 

570. Speaking in a (low 
leisurely tone. 

CKih, Togratp; In Tiold; to itop, 
or cause to desist; to pursue and 
eize. See CMh. 

571. 'To seize or grasp 
with the hand; to hurl or 
break ; to reach or extend 

to; that which extends to and ma- 
nifests. To take a thing and offer 
it as a present whea about to sec a 
person. A present ; to introduce to; 
to carry to the extreme. Name of a 
country ; the name of a person. To 
loosen or open up. Read Che, To 
drag along the ground. Read Chth, 
A surname. 

Chih keen le wBh J| ^ |t ^ 
to take a present, when visiting a 

572. A present, or offering 
made at the first visit to 
a superior, or a person from 

whom one has to request something. 
The presents mentioned are, valuable 
stones, or pieces of silk; these are 
called great presents. Rare birds are 
called smaller presents. Women give 

Che-e gj "jig thexyrcsents which are 
proper or suitable for~"ttic occasion. 

57S. A cart heavily laden 
on the fore part 

574. A bird of pwy; any 
ravenous animal; to grasp ; 
to seize by violence. 

575. To cut things. 

576. To cut and forms 
to adjust; to regulate ; to 
direct; to rule; to make; 
to invent 

Kwo-che ^ -f^J the rule or govern- 
ment of the country. 
Kin-che^ J prohibitory regulation 
Hee-che l/j^ J to restrict ; to confine. 

Pin-che pp j the laws of rank. 
Che-fi ] ^ or Che-ling ] fy 

rules ; laws ; national regulations. 
Che-ts5 j *ft to make ; to do. 
Che-too H| to form rules ; rule ; 

9 *^^ 

management; direction; plans of 

government; laws. 
Che tse T^V to cut and divide a 

victim about to be sacrificed. 
Che-tae j ^ or -^ Tae, also j 

jjS Che-keun, The person at the 

head of the government in a Pro- 

577. ^ To drag upon the 
ground. j|J j];J- Che- 
chow, To impede as by 
holding under the arm; 
to put an obstacle in the 
way of progress being 
made; to embarrass or 




578. / fhe,orChe-ho 
the name of a river. 

579. ' To cut out clothes 
for garments; to make; 
to form ; to fashion ; to 
regulate; to decide; to 
compound, as medicines. 
A pattern for clothes. 

cut. out clothes. J^j I ajKFa-che 
yS, To compound, or make up me- 

decines. fa } &'j|"flvjfc 

4^ rfe 0B Ta che trfh she sh8 m5 
yang e fiih > What is the pattern of 
the clothes which he is cutting out ! 

Che-ts5 | ^^ to make; to do; 

Che-tsaou J j^J to inrent. 

580. A clear bright eye. 

581. Fish brine; the hrine 
from salted fish ; pick- 
led or preserved fish 

vt|| 582. Perverted speech. 

583. An instrument for era- 
dicating plants. 

. | 581. Name of a certain fish; 
MJ certain pickled or preserved 

fish, of which the head is 
w * 
much esteemed. Hence the Pro- 

Ul? & Si Ning keu luy she tsih, 

puh keu che-yu gih, Better be de- 
prived of an house which has been 
possessed for ages, than be deprited 

of the head of the Che-fish. 

.@ Oi?A, 585. Real ; substantial; 
plain ; honest ; sincere , true. To 
prove the fact by bringing accuser 
and accused face to face ; to ex- 

588. Something left for se- 
curity as apledge ; to pledge; 
to pawn ; to give a person 
as a hostage. < ^ Keaou che, 
Mutual hostages. See Chih. 
_> 587. Read Che or Chih, The 
Jvfifc stone below a pillar; the 
1^? base of a pillar. 

5S8. ' To stumble by some- 
thing embarrassing the feet. 


Che urh teen S| 

and fell headlong. 
Che keue 1 SKf to stumble ; to fall ; 

familiarly ^ j]ifi Shlh ke8 ' T S '' P 
the foot. 

^J E. 589. It me. To be pleased; 
to be gratified. Head Tae, A cer- 
tain hill; an elevated place. Used 
for ^ Tae , A stage, or elevated 
terrace. To elevate; to recommend. 
Used as an honorary epilhet,asy^ 
I Heungtae, referring to the 
person one addresses in a letter. 
Forms part of several proper 

590. * The morning ; to be- 
gin; then, as denoting the 
beginning of one circum- 

stance aft T another hat cUpwd. 
Forms part of the name of mi-t\u 
of a star j and of a hill. "4j i 
S/c che, refers to the origin of ma- 
terial existences. 1 San che, 
refers to the year, the sun, and the 
moon. -^ j Tslh che, Tlir 
n.uiie of a infdici.ia i applied abo 
to Heaven, earth, man, and the four 

Che chung j i&th'? beginning and 
end of any atfair ; applied also to 
human existence. 

Che chung keu shen I *v lH fc 
the beginning and end of (.human 
life) both such as are desirable. 

Che tih shdh hwuy j ^ J{ [gj 
then succeeded in being restored 
by ransom. 

A 591. - / Name of a stream of 
water. To put in order. 
\ To hetl; to rule; to 
direct; to govern a family or a 
nation ; to form. Denotes some 
cad being sought; experienced, or 
accustomed to ; the petty affairs of 
prisons. The retired Apartments of 
thesect Taou. Also read Tae and E. 

Che hea ^ T% to rule those below 

Che kea jin ' 3& ^ to chastise 

Che kea 1 '4? to rule a family. 

Che kw5 | t|| to rule or govern a 

Che jin che taou j A /. i """ 
principles by which to govern others. 
Che ping ] ^ to cure a disease. 





Che she che tsae J ^A ^- 
lents fitted to rule the world. 

> ff- 593. t- To beat with a bam- 
^.\ boo or stick ; to flog ; one 

I J of the petty punishments of 
China. To chastise ; to correct ; it is 
intended to cause a feeling of shame. 

Che chang lew too I if" ySfe" yfife 
1 ^s*~ //ftj IAt 

to bastinade and transport. The 
two first and two last express different 
Che chay, so e keaou che yay | 3 

t/T yJ* ?&(. / til correction is 
the means of instruction. 

593. Vulgar forms of the 

594. Near to. 

59 5- Only; simply; singly; 

I X this and no more ; merely. 

Also read Chih. Sometimes 

denotes Particularly. 

Che tih joo tsze 

obtain this ; merely this ; obliged 

to act thus. 

Cheseaytungse | ^ ^ jgj only 
a few things. 

596 The ancient cubit, equal 
to ei ght tenths of the pre- 
sent one. It rontiined J[ 

Tjj- Pa Uun, and is called 

Chow chTh. 

In a tmall degree, j- 

Che chih che keen, Between a Che 
and Chih , i. e. much the same. 


597. ^ To open ; in the 
J same sense read Ke. Read 
* Chae, To strike. 

v ft S98 - s Name f * hi s Q 

ft* *"^ thorny tree of which hedges 
are made. A certain tree 
which bears a fruit. To hurt 

Che kBh ^{J ^ a certain medicine. 

Che la ^ a place fenced in as a 

Che shlh | *-j? the fruit of the Che 

C^ ft 599 - Nn>e of a stream of 
/ _ 


600. To beat and wound; 
to bruise with the hand or 
with a stick; to peel the 

skin off and discover the part, but 
not cut the flesh. 

601. A certain appurtenance 
f of the wheel of a cartj a 

"^ kind of covering for the 
end of the axle. Name of a district. 
Diverging. Same asj^ Che. 

^p Sze or She. From "\J" Tsun, A 
measure of length ; a place that is 
regulated by fixed laws ; a temple of 
the Buddhists, so called after the ori- 
ginal one built in the time of Han. 
Eunuchs of the Imperial Palace are 
called | 

602. A lofty mountain. Kung 
che <f j Jjrfe provided with ; 
prepared for. 

Che-leih >^ to stand firm as a 


Che ke chang Ji. ^^ well pro- 
vided with a supply of provisions. 

60S. N Placed beneath a 
house or cover; provided 
with ; having a supply. 

Che choo j^ 'fejf accumulated toge- 
ther; laid up in store ; said of grain 
or provisions. 

604. - To grasp; to hold 

Che show tae yen jP 
to hold fast with too great severity. 

Che ylh sin neon FSh ] >|^ ^^ 
to fix the whole heart in me- 
ditation on Buddha. 

^, _| . 605. Waters diverging and 
^" ' leaving places dry ; a small 
f ^J island; an island in the 
midst of a stream. 

606. A place of sacrifice. 
The name of a place. 

607. A disease in the poste- 
riors; an ulcer of the anus, of 
which there are |7^ 5jNuy 

che, internal ; and ^qv j Wae che, 
External. Che denotes To gnaw or 
eat : as if corroded by insects. 

Che-chwang j ijfc a posterior ulcer. 





608. To halt ; to stop. Che- 
Choo jj^ Ijjjf or ijjjj Choo, 
Irresolute; iudetermined ; 

unable to make progress. The phrase 
is variously written. 

609. Prepared. Same as the 

610. To wait; to stand pre- 
pared for. Syn. with 599. 

To, 611. Many; much. 

612. Large; tending to ex- 
pand ; extended ; profuse; 
prodigal. To screen or 
shelter the ribs. -j^J ^jjp Chay-che, 
Extravagant, prodigal. 
Chay he che he |l ^ /& 

denotes the apparent expanding, or 
. the scintillation of the stars. 
Che-sze I -J|K irregular, extravagant. 

613. Wide; large j exten- 
sive ; to extend ; to in- 
crease the power of; to 
attack on one side. 

614. Gaping; the appearance 
of opening the mouth wide; 
large mouthed ; appearance 
of the lips hanging down. The wish 
or opinion of a multitude. The name 
of aperson. tyfc jS^CChayjen, With 
one consent; unanimously. 

615. To lean or rest upon. 
To rest or depend upon land ; 
to work or cultivate the land. 

616. A pretty woman; a 
ijyt worthless woman, a pros- 

titute. Elegant ; good. Oc- 
curs as a local word applied to de- 
ceased parents. 

617. A person's name. 

618. Much flesh; fat; plump; 
handsome. Blj JJ> Chay 
che, Coarse. 

6 1 9. Read E and Che, in the 
same sense, as the following. 

620. Separated; diffuse; 
spread out. 


spread out; ex- 

621. To walk briskly; to 
approach or recede from 
with rapid steps. 

Che tae ffii j^ a kind of terrace, 
appended to a royal palace mentioned 
in history. 

622. Same as ffiffl Che. 

623. The rushing down of a 
bill or mountain. 

624. A kind of tripod, 
or other distorted vessel; 

kind of still or vessel for 
chemical purposes. 

625. Read Chih, but in a 
sense which is lost. Read 
Che, Clayey adhesive earth. 

626. A kind of banner 
or flag ; pendant stream- 
er i tu attach to, or fasten, 
as by sewing, or with 
cords. To make re- 
cord of; to record. 

627. / To grasp something 
and stand opposed to , 
to oppose. 

628. The flame of : 
light or splendour issuing 
from a flame, or from a 
star. To burn. 

689. To inscribe on a tomb- 
stone; an inscription; to 

remember. 5 SgB Moo 
^iN PWi 

che, An epitaph. Read SHh, To 

630. C Dyed silk of which 

scholar's garments are made ; 

>| I 

*~^^ the coloured silk of which 
banners or streamers are made; 
hence used as 621. Read Chih, To 



631. O Hindered; impeded; 
wishing to advance, but 
prevented by something 
which embarrasses. Read Tc, The 
bit of stalk by which fruit hangs 
from the tree. 

| _ 632. ^ Excellent in its kind; 

^3^ a pleasant taste. The mean- 

| f ing,sene, or import of: the 

declared will of the Sovereign. ' 

\i CHE 

| Kan che. Sweet taste-, pleasant 

Che e ] lur the wishes or command* 
of the Emperor; the tense or im- 
port of a passage. 

Che yuen I fiA or i i ,'S ijrf 
I -*4i V /ti\ ' T^ 'xH- 

Che e shin yuen, The tense is pro- 
found and abstruse. 

638. The lame as the pre- 

634. 'Vexation; anger; 

6J5. ^ To point with the 
finger ; to point or refer to. 

Che chang ^ ^ to point to the 

palm of the hand ; easy as doing so. 
Che hwi to write, to draw 

line* with the finger, as on sand. 
Che hwuy j |(p to point to, to make 

a signal with the hand. 
Che jih kaou shing ] fj ^ |^ 

point to the day of elevated promo- 

tion; a favourite sentence with the 

Che jih ko tae j Q pj" ^ the 

day may be pointed out when you 

will attain, said in compliment. 
Che nan chay j jg j|f the compass 

and needle. 
Che sze j ]fe to point to an affair ; 

to make an allusion; the second clasi 

of characters. 
Che te:n j ^ to poiut to heaven. 


636. - Horned cattle; fat 
animals, whether quadru- 
feds or birds. AninnU 
destitute of horns are denomioatcd 
*|jh Kaou. Congealed fatty sub- 
dance or lard, is called Che; unc- 
tuous or oily matter is called Kaou. 
A greasy pigment or cosmetic, is 
called Che. Figuratively used for 
honors and emoluments. To grease. 
Name of a bird ; of a plant ; and 
of a medicine. A surname. lira 
JJJJ Yen che, or & 1 Hung che, 
Rouge, a vermillion cosmetic. 

Che fun | ^/j a cosmetic composed 
of vermillion and white. 

Che kaou J A^ fat, unctuont, greasy 
matter ; lard ; oily substance. 

Tat. 637. A girdle or sash 
worn round the body ; to bind 
round one. 

638. ' Water impeded; 
'l^ fome hindrance to the cir- 
* JV culation of fluids. Con- 
gelation ; glaciatioa; concretion. 
A stoppage in the human system; 
to spread out diffusely in conse- 
quence of some stoppage ; discor- 

Che choo ^jj i^J a stoppage or impe- 
diment of any kind. 

Cheke ] ^ a stoppage of a subtile 
fluid in the human system, or in na- 

Che kih | Jf^J impeded ; making no 

Che tseih puh tung | |f ^ jj| 
an accumulation of any thing which 
cause* a stoppage. 


(lie wei a stoppage in the 

stomach ; indigestion. 

630. Some impediment or 
hindrance causing disagree- 
ment ; discordance. 

640. A mad dog. 

641 . To tread with the feet. 

W TV C ^ e ""' T ' le name 
of a plant. 

"[ Cm, 642. Straight; direct ; 
correct; upright. 
I 643. To manage, or transact; 
A\ PI to occur; to take hold of. 
I* Read Chih, To be worth; 
the value of; the price. ~tc ^Jg^ .-^> 
Ta che sze, The principal managers 
of an affair. 5^ ] jg" ^ 
^ ^ ShTh che chay ke jTh yew 
sze, It has so happened, that I haye 
been occupied these few days. 
Che heung ho [Xj |jSj to meet 

with severe misfortune. X?? 
Kea chih, The price. J^ ^ ]$* 
j^ ^ She shin mo kea Ueeu ? 
What is the price of it? '& 

-j- ^ Chih tih shih yuen, It ii 
worth, or cost, ten dollars. ^ r 
$& Pdh chih tseen, It does not cost 
much ; it is not expensive. ~T\ 
| Pdh chih yih tseen, Not 
worth a farthing, xj^ | 

iH~ ^ pa ' 1 c '"^ - u ta ^ 

It is not worth while to argue with 

64 1. A kind ef bow. 




645. An iron pestle or wooden 
beater ( a club ; to lean upon. 
To strike with a beater or 

club. Read Chih, To stick into 
the ground; to plant. 

646. ' To establish; to 
appoint; to place; to pur- 

Che ne'e' n|j jjf to purchace an et:ite. 
Che shin woo te Sf jHE IjJ) no 

place to put myself; expresses feel- 
ing of shame for having done or said 
something disgraceful. 

Che che too wae ^ RJ ^N 
to place or put it without the mark ; 
to be careless or indifferent about. 

647. To stand erect. 

648. \ The teeth , the upper 
teeth. The inferior are 
called ^ Ya, The mark 
of one's age; the order in which 
people are arranged according to 
their age; to arrange; to sort; to 
class persons. 

Cheyaouche [ ^^ to bite with 
the teeth. 

Che ya cbe hwuy ]*fe 3P ^ M. 
> |ZEJ /? X_ jjvfi 

the smartness of the teeth ; expresses 
a ready elocution. 

Che kan jow [ ^ J^ the flesh at 
the roots of the teeth ; the gums. 

649. To bite; the root of 
the teeth ; the gums. 

650 To chew ovtragaini 
to chew the cud ; to ru- 
minate. Tliis word is 
used for the cow; other 
worc"s arc used for other 
an mats. 

651. The receptacle of the 
teeth; the socket where they 
are fixed. 

853. Name of a plant. 

653. Same ai 


654. A certain wine vessel. 

655. A fine sort of hemp or 
flax, after it is prepared, 
or cloth made therefrom; 

the name of a place. A surname. 

Che keih ^ tjjfo the fine and the 
coarse sort of the above. Che 
is the finer sort, and Keih the 

656 Che. A certain round 
vessel for limiting the 
quantity of food and drink. 
A syphon ; a wine vessel, containing 
four-rr Shing. -fc yp> Yuh che, 

A cup made of stone. 

i/m ' 

Low che, A syphon to drain efFliquids. 
ypB ] Tsew che, A wine syphon. 
-Af Shwny che, A water syphon, 

tt Che yen jlh chfih, 
Language daily changes, like a vessel, 
now full, then empty. 

857. -Che.orJ/g ^-Cbe. 
Uzr, A saffron c< I 
fruit, or nut which tr 
for a dye. A certain flower, white 
coloured and fngrmnt, the preceding 
i-i al(> used fir it. 

658. - Same as 653. Read 
Lac, To disperse , to spread 
wide or separate from. 
Elegant ; clear. 

659. C- - Same as the following. 

ji^ 660. t - A mountain fairy, or 
elf; a malevolent diabolical 
spirit. A monster with a 
human face, and body of a beast. 
Che mei wang-leangshan chuen chesung 

Superhuman and monstrous appear- 
ances of an infernal or diabolical 
nature, are the expressions of the 
wrathful displeasure of the gods 
emanating from hills and rivers. 

661. t- - A glutinous adhesive 
kind of substance: paste. 
Also read Le. 

Che keaou |jtj jp. birdlime. 

Che neaou 1 & to catch birds with 

adhesive substance put upon a 


662. t- A wheel. Also the 
Ft"T same as the following. 

663. Uneven. 





664. A muiical instrument 
of the reed kind; the 
sound of the pipe. MS 

Jg9 Che-heun, Names of 
two instruments which 
form a cord ; and hence 
the expression denotes, 

Brothers living in harmony with each 


665. To put off one's clothes ; 
the fringe of a garment; 
to put off the garments, 
peculiar to a magistrate. 
Che-kih 2fij jjfe to dismiss from office. 
Che-chun j 

a couch or mattress 
on which to lie down. 

66. To split up fire wood ; 
to split or cut up wood. 

667. - A pool ; a pond ; a 
ditch or fosse ; a receptacle 
for water, or any liquid. 
The tea. Ornaments for a coffin ; 
joined with vaiirms proper names; 
a iurname. ^ Aching che, 
A ditch round a city wall. /ff| 
1 1 Yu che, A fish pond. ftl j 
Chung-che, The well in the centre ; 
the heart. 
Che tang I wt a pond ; a fish pond. 

Cbe yu 1 in fish from a pond. 

Che chung wuh 1 ffa fyf\ a thing in 
a pond. This and the preceding ex- 
pression are used figuratively, to de- 
note being limited to a place for 
want of talent to acquire promotion. 

_ ~ 668. - To run at full speed. 
JT! To gallop, to ride on horse- 
f Vl^ back. To propel, or go 

with a ship or boat, as if at full speed ; 

that which extends remotely. 
Chekeu h"anglooJSf|jjp4|i 

to gallop on the Imperial road ; i. e. 

to be employed in the service of 

Che ma she keen ] ]3| ^ $l| to 

practice riding and a kind of sword 

Che ming j ^ a name which is 

known at a great distance ; famous. 
Che taou j j|| the imperial road; 

that on which the Emperor himself 

travels. A surname. 

^ <S60. A worm ; an insect. 
Uglyj crawling; destitute 
of knowledge ; ignorant. 
To treat as if ignorant; to impose 
on. The gait or motion of an ani- 

Che-ming TJ^ tj| ignorant people; 
poor labouring classes ; plain honest 
Che-che j I plain honest appear- 

670. Appearance of laughing. 

Che-che |H|[ ^ laughed at him. 

671. A worthless woman; 
ugly and lewd; foolish. 

672. G Long handsome 
garments ; robes. Read E, 
The name of a place. Also 

read No. 

67 S. / The fowl species ; 
they say thereareforty sorts. 
An open aperture on the top 

of a city wall; an embrasure. A sur- 
name. Name of a district. 

Che neaou ^ ^ or ] ^| Che ke, 
A bird of the fowl or the pheasant, 
species. A pheasant. 

- JL 674. Che, or JfJ -0J: Che- 
moo, A certain medicinal 

JL 675. C Victuals; provisions; 

'fcf C"? grain from which liquor is 

rQ made; grain used in sacrifice. 

To prepare or dress provisions. 
Che chan UK ^62 provisions j victual?. 
Che j in J\^ a cook. 


Jf\ 5? 676. Same as the preceding. 

677. C-A handle; a some- 
thing on which to wind 

678. Fast bound or con- 
nected together. Strong. 

679. Repose ; rest ; happiness. 
Also read Te and She. 

680. ' Only. Used in the 
sense of jjf Tan, and \- 
Che. ^ ] Pdh-che, Not 

only. Also denotes, An overplus; 
an excess. ^ ^ ^ ^ pah 
che foo moo, Not only as father and 
mother; i. e. more than father ml 




! . 

681. Walking slowly lei- 


682. From Heart and Ear. 
Because shame heats and 
discolours the car. To 
Teel shame,; to l> a- 
shamcd of. 

Che sew ffe T^J- shame manifested in 

" A"- 

the countenance. 

Che sin I iQ inward feeling of 

Che P Hh JS jia 1 ^ ^ A ^ 
shamed of being inferior to other 

Che g3 e 1 *Y ~M to be ashamed 

of bad clothes. 
Che gii e, go shih chay, we tsfih ] 


who is ashamed of bad clothes or 
bad food, is deficient in right feeling. 

683, One of the Chinese 
notes in music. Read 
Ching, in a different sense. 

684. ' To embroider wilh 
the- needle; a kind of em- 
broidered cap used in pur- 
forming sacrifice ; variegated. 
Chin die &!' vrj to embroider with 
a needle. . 

685. Che, or Che-Ian pi; m 
a certain odoriferous plant. 

686. ' To place; to put 
down in a place of rest ; to 
put near one ; to place in 

one's bosom. To lay aside. 

687. ' Crawling reptiles; 
insects destitute of feet; 
opening or. expanding; a 

wriggling motion like a worm. 
Che-che^ I appearance of a long 

688. ' A kind of Tillage 
bora cup for drinking 
wine out of. A cup used 
when drinking as a forfeit. 

689. Only ^\j^ Ph 
cho, Not only. Commonly 
used for the following. 

C90. Wing* i the wiogi of* 
bird. Alo read Ke. 

Chc-che^ | appearance of flying. 

69>. t Foolish ; idiotical ; 
.iroplc. ] )^Che 

lac, A foolish manner. 

699. To stop ; to embarrass ; 
to detain. ]*p f Cha-che, 
Undetermined; irresolute. 


693. To relish much, t'tual- 
ly read She. (S|| ^ Che 

|"71 e. To relish or delight in 
truth and righteousness 

694. Swine; pig*; a tow. 
Name of a plant; and of a 
place. A lurnamc. 






Manuscript Dictionariei ChZ and TcM. Canton Dialect, Chah, or Chek. 

~ 695. To break asunder ; to 

~^ftt* break off; to break offa part, 

>| / | as of a piece of a thing ; 
to deduct; to diminish. To break 
in the midst; to decide; to bend ; to 
press down ; to repress; to oppress; 
to stop ; to point out a person's of- 
fence. To reprehend; to pull down ; 
to rear an altar. To cut short one's 
life. A certain part of funeral equi- 
page Nameofaplace. A surname. 
Read TV, At rest or ease. Read 
Che, To bend ; to break. 

Ch ffi or ^ | Kow chS, A kind 
of discount, which buyers sometimes 
insist on ; if they promise a hundred 
.dollars for an article, they insist on 
reckoning the dollar at such a weight 
as makes 77 or 78 dollars equal 
to a hundred. 

CM fun I JJ^ to induce, or persuade 
to submit to. 

Chi ffih | jjjg to ruin one's happi- 
ness; by vicious practices. 

CM cbung [ tjj to break in the 
midst ; to decide equitably. 

ChC hwa j ^Jj to pluck a flower. 

ChS hwuy ] to pull down ; to lay 
in mini. 

Cb kwei heang ] ^ ^ to pluck 
a branch of the fragrant olive; de- 

notes attaining the rank of Kcu-jin ; 
because that flower is in blossom in 
Autumn when the examination oc- 
CM pe'en ] ||S to debate or discuss 

a person's conduct whether right or 

Ch sun I IJ-fj to break ; to injure. 

Che" shooche 1 %& J& to break off 
I I-**"* 1>S 

the branch of a tree. 
Che tsuy IB? to make amends Tor 

a crime or fault by doing some- 
ting meritorious. 
ChS twan 1 JUt to break asunder ; 

to decide or determine. 
Che" yS | #p( to decide who is to 

enter prison ; i. e to determine as a 

Che to wo | [Pj| ^ break and sink 

me to hell ; a vulgar imprecation. 

696. Reciprocal; mutual. 

697. That which unites two 
leaves, or planks. l^r 
fe Che fung, To join a 
seam. Also read Che, To carve or 



698. To know; to have a 
clear and thorough know- 
ledge of; possessing great 

knowledge and keen discernment. 
Wise; sige. To rhyme, read Chth 
and Che. ^ Q {Jfl % 
Che che yuS ming-che, To know 
* thing is called Ming-che. JJ* 

wise king of ancient times. 

699. A high degree of intel- 
lectual light and intell igence. 

- ^ 

" I' t 

che che. The rule or government of 
the enlightened Sages. 

700. A certain insect; a 
species oflocus. 

701. Clear mentul discern- 
ment ; acute intelligence ; 
perspicuity ; intuitive 
knowledge. J^ 4^ 

Pfih che, Indistinct visi- 
on; wantofclcardiscern- 
ment. 0H ^^ 'p Ming che 
che sing, Naturally endowed with 
clear discernment and acute intelli- 

702. A glance of the eye { 
the lustre of the eye; 
clear sighted; beautiful 


703. Clear, bright; lu- 
minous; splendid, as a 
star, or as the sun. Also 
read Che. 

704. Name of a river. To 
wash or scour rice. 

Che-keang' ^r YT. a province on the 
east coast of China, south of Keang- 
nan ; the river which runs through it 
is also called Che-keang. The pro- 
vince seems named from the river. 

705. To pick up stones ; 
to throw stones at. 

706. Che or Che, A lance 
like weapon. 

707. ChS or Che, To hear. 

708. The sting of an insect; 
to sting. 

Chg-pe ] ^ or $| j^Hae-che, or 
7JX "fflr ^iwuy-moo, A kind of blub- 
ber fish ; which is prepared and eaten 
by the Chinese. 

709. The skin or scum on 
fatty substiince. Fat ; lard. 

710. To break offer cut 
down plants ; to cut grass. 
Mats made of sedge, reeds. 

or vuilics. 



711. A case for a knife; a 
cabhard for a sword. 

7I. The 

smell spoiled ; 

713. Read Nc, To phrc 
the ear to another person's 
mouth in order to listen, 
which makes a union of three ears. 
To whisper. To take. Read She 1 , 
in the same sense. Read Che 1 , To 
cut small ; to mince ; to unite to- 
gether. Read She, and Ye", A wav- 
ing appearance, as of trees. 

714. Submissive. ^ J1H 
^ Sin fuh yay, The heart 

715. Che, A month with- 
out any rule or law to 
itsfclf. The mouth moving 

or chattering and talking ; vilifying, 
backbiting. pS |HS Che-joo, Lo- 
quacious ; wordy ; indistinct mur- 
muring. I fljfj Che'-nee', Indis- 
tinct whispering. 

716. Che. A certain ear- 
then wire vessel to contain 
wine or water. 

717. Timid ; timorous ; fear- 
ful ; apprehensive ; wanting 
courage ; wanting boldness ; 

pusillanimous. Also read She. 
Che che '^f <j|| afraid ; frightened ; 

718. To take. jpA j 
ChS-che, To pant or pal- 
pitate; heaving or motion 

caused by the breath. 

cm; 47 

719. The branches of 
trees shaken by the wind ; 
trees with ponderous 
leaves and weak branchei 
wave beautifully ; crerp- 
ing planU. 

720. Grain shakei by the 


721. A kind of earthen 
ware basia. 

722. To fold or double 
Up garments ; to plait or 
fold ; to plicate. Plaited, 
puckered, rumpled. A 

723. Flesh cut into imaH 
pieces; minced meat. 

' 734. Loquacity ; talkativeness. 

ChS now jjjrff jjjg much talking and 

chattering; indistinct prattle. 


Chi kee" =yfc verbosity, loquacity; 
unfounded prattle and chattering. 

vT/y^y 725. A distorted mouthing, 
and incorrect speaking. 

76. t- Pervious; pene- 
trable; to penetrate; penetra- 
tion, perspicacious; intelli- 
gent, discerning; that may be 
passed through; passable ; a road. To 





*kin; to perl ofT tlic skin. To 
cultivate land; to throw in ruins; 
to pull to pieces ; to remove or take 
away food whilst the music plavs. 

Chi than $jf $r| to take away food, 
or the remains of a sacrifice. 

CM t*oo <y^ to remove the ves- 
sels used in sacrifice. 

CM che chS chung 

to discern clearly the whole from 
beginning to end, from first to last. 

CM te ~jfc to penetrate to the 

bottom, as in examining a case. 

ChS te tso kwo ] JS f$ ^| to 
make entirely over again ; to begin 
again and make from the very 

727. Clear water; limpid; 
pellucid; water through 
which you may see to 
the bottom. 

728. Traces ; footsteps 
of; print or mark left on 
a path or road. 

| * 729. To send away ; to put 
~J^T as '^ e ' to re ject ; to remove 
* HI ^ either from one, or to one. 
Che ken jjgjf ^+ to send away. 
ChS hwuy ] jtjj to recall ; as, an 
officer of the government in case of 
causing dissatisfaction. 

ChS seik san Uo 1 

j. I 

to remove the tables and sit round 
the room. 

Che yS j *H to send away the 

r^JjU 730. A certain fruit of the 
plumb kind. 

731. Torn or tattered gar- 

732. The ears hanging down. 
|fl JJl ChS-urh, The 
name of a state. 

733. Chi-che ^ ^ the 
appearance of a mean worth- 
less man. 

734. Cha-che ^ ^jfjj, the 
appearance of a vicious 

735. The cloth which goes 
round under the ears; a 
kind of collar. 

736. Che, TeS, or Neg, To 
take hold of firmly with 
the fingers. 

737. The snail leaves of 
a tree. 

733. The internal part of 
the bamboo, used as a me- 
dicine; the bamboo used 
for fuel. 

JL- .! 739. Grass or herbage ; grass 
or herbs growing. Hemp pre- 
pared by steeping. A good 

arrow or dart. Excess, overplus. 

Road Chow, A bird'( nest. Read 

Choo, To tike wood and cover over 
a coffin, after which mud was applied 
as a plaster. 

* M- 740. The sides of a wheeled 
vehicle ; of a war chariot, 
j"< I Li where the weapons are 
,tuck. Suddenly; abruptly, forthwith, 
without ceremony ; without taking 
time to ask permission; without 
enquiry ; hastily ; diseased in the 
feet. A surname. 
ChS kan M ift forthwith dare. 

741. A common, but erron- 
eous form of the preceding. 

749. Che, or NeS, Small 
tweeers for plucking out 
hairs; to eradicate hairs; 

743. Fish prepared without 
salt ; dried fish ; cured with- 
out salt. 

"I fish cured 
ChepSyu 1 fjf $ k ) "ithoutsalt. 

I Seih, 744. Accustomed t. 

745. To destroy ; to com- 
!"* plicate; to fold or gather up; 
to double up as garments ; 
to plicate ; a paper folded up ; an 

official document seril to the Em- 

peror; to send'' or state, by that 

-.. .- 
means. t 

ChS tsze %& ~%- an official document 
sent to the Emperor by his higher 


officers of government. Read LS, 
To drag; to seize. 

ChS tsowflJM^to report by an 

official document to the Emperor. 

Che teg 1 ^ to hrap one thing 

over another) to complicate with 

many folds. 

746. Fearful; timid; timor- 

**JV u; to tremble with fear j 

I t| cowardly. Same as 717"; 

also read Te, and Sejh, in the 

s-me sense. 

CliefuhlflJj^ to succumb; to sulimit 
in a dastardly manner. 

747. Meat : minced and half 

748. Indlslinct, erroneous 
pronunciation ; precipitate, 
hurried, enunciation. 


Che dig j-y| 1*-^. hurr'u><l indistinct 
pronunciation, such as ii induced by 




Yc andSii, Thini vcetkt a leaf. 

J749. To cut or mince meat. 
Originally written ^. Ch, 
A knife to cut . herbs into 
MIL ill parts. 


750. Disease, 
che", Slight disease. 

751. From Meat and a Leaf. 
To cut into leaves. To cut 
into small slices, or bits ; to 

mince meat; minced meat whether 
beef, mutton, or fish. 

752. To run an arrow 
through the ear ; a military 

713. To drag or pull; to 
take ; to pluck out ( to draw, 
a* in drawing lota. 

Ch5 (how fljlj jj| to hinder or impede 
in the doing of * thing j to b 

Ch Ueen |j& to take out m 
Tseen ; i. e. a slip of wood with 
the name of a province on it It ii 
a drawing of lots to detcrmim- in 
which province an officer is to erTe. 
To preside on this occasion it called 
f | Kc>n-ch. 

Ch pelh ^ to take hold of a. 

754. The hurried, inarticu- 
late enunciation of fear, a* 
if out of breath. Fear * 

apprehension; dread. JncejwntUJk> 

ing. A man's name. 






Xn, as ii Men, the E rather longer. Often confounded with Shen. Manuscript Dictionaries, Chen. 

Canton Dialect, Chan and Chen. 

-* T55. - From Pfih, To divine, 

and Kow, The mouth. 

^* To observe prognostics for 
the purpose of foretelling good or 
evil. To divine; to cast lots; to ob- 
serve; to 'look towards; to "wait. 
Bead Chin, To usurp; to seize; to 
possess; to possess firmly. 1@ 
Tfin-chen, Secret study of the prog- 
nostic. |] Kow-chen, To 
deliver orally, or to dictate in order 
to be committed to writing; to deliver 
rerses without any previous theme. 

Clien-puh 1 K to divine; to cast 

Chen-neen 1 oE. to divine what will 

be the fortune of the current year. 

]|& Chen-yen, or j J?|I Chen- 

ying, The verification of certain 


Chen piih ling I T^ Su a prediction 
from certain signs, which fails of 
being accomplished. 

Chen how j j^ to wait , to look for ; 

to expect; in the sense of J)/'^ Chen. 

Chen seaou .slien | /l\ 3J to pos- 

i small portion of goodness, 'j'j- 
| E chen, A posthumous comnuwl, 
or order. 

% 756. To see; to look at. 
r\ Commonly used for 789, to 

I I ' denote Assuming or usurp- 

Chen pe'en e /jr| IER p(. to assume 
that mode of acting which is for 
one's own convenience or benefit, 
without regard to others. 

Chen shin fun 1 J^* /^ to have 
regard to one's station, and careful 
not to disgrace it 

Chen seen keu ' I -Jp ^J^ to assume 
the precedence rudely, in walking. 

757. Chcn-che 
interrupted, broken discor- 
dant sounds. Otherwise 
Bead Teg. 

758. A carpet or cloth for 
a floor. Same as fe" Chen. 
Chen shang pi teaou maou, 

little felt as) plucking a hair of down 
from a carpet. 

759. -j To moisten; to 
imbue with; to wet; to 
tinge; to be moistened or 
it by the dew or rain. To receive 

benefits from ; to be the recipient 
either of good or evil ; to beaffccted 
or infected by. Read Teen, The 
name of a river. To add to. 

Chen kan i fit^ to be moved to gra- 
titude by benefits received. 

Chenkwang | T^ to receive light or 
honor from the visit or friendship 
of a superior. 

Chen kae j Jfef to be wet or moist- 
I ir/'- 

ened by. 

1 - * - 
Chen ping JflS to catch a disease; 

to become sick. 

Han chuh chen pel ^p [jj ] ^ 
the perspiration comes forth and wets 
the back. 

Chen win I W to receive acU of 
I >vi>> 

Chen che urh tsuh che tae 1 

I I/ V tTf 1 * 

fc ^ [te a h ; >llmg, interrupted, 
embarrassed manner. 

Chen yuu yffl to be moistcne-J, 

mollified or wet by; figuratively To 
receive and be benefited by. 

Chen yen ^ to be infected by 
some noxious air or influence, which 


760. Chen, or Chen che 

broken, interrupted, and 
tumultuous sounds which 
distress and annoy. 

'>li^ 761. A drizzling rain. To 
wet with a drizzling rain. 

Chen ftlh ^ JJj^ we t clothes. 

Chen shih |H damp or wet with 

small rain. 
Chen te too tsuli |& W the 

body wet with rain, and the feet 

daubed with mire. 

762. (L To peep ; to spy ; to 
look slyly and clandestinely 
at ; to eye a person in an 
underhand manner. 

763. f To stand up ; te 
stand erect; to stand 
steady a long time; a 
stage of a journey. 

Chen choo Jjjj ] to stand firmly ; 

to be in secure circumstances. 
Chen ke lae j iffi ^S* to get up ; to 

stand on one's feet; or imperatively 

commanding to do so. 
Chen leTh ] J/" to stand erect. 

Chen puh win ^^ 7s to stand 
insecurely ; to be in unsafe and un- 
certain circumstances. 

764. Name of an insect, de- 
scribed as a hairy worm-like 
insect on the pomegranate 


765. The appearance of gar- 
ments waving or shaken. 
Read Teen and Te, An 
upper garment or fold which covers 
the joining of the inferior one, 

766. To spy ; to peep ; to 
take a side sly look at. 

767. - To chatter and talk 
much ; specious, clever, 
seductive language. To 

play or joke with, as with children. 
The appearance of disagreeing with. 
A man's name. 

768. To walk ; to go. 

769. To open a door in a 
slight degree; to set the 

U^| door a jar in order to wait 
for - H j$] Kwei chen, To peep 
through an opening amongst the 
grass, as a frightened bird. 

770. Any thing moved or 
shaken by the wind; the 
waves agitated by the wind. 



77 1 . - Many words ; ver- 
bose; at such a time; to 
examine into and srive di- 


rcctions and orders about; name of 
an officer who presides at divinations. 
The name of a hill. A surname. 
Read Tan, The feet. 

Chen-sze-foo jj ^ fti- a certain 
officer at court, whose duties con>il 
in a kind of supervision. 

Chen-yin ^tan officer who pre- 
sides over divinations. 

778. Conversation ;Ulk j 
loquacity. Read Tin, 
|l)_'; ] Tan-tan, Trouble- 
some TcrhotenrM ) fa- 
ligiiing loquacity. Origi- 
nally written jjjg Chen. 

773. The peak of a hill or 
. * mountain. 

774. A kind of curtain 
that surrounds a wheel 
carriage; that which co- 
vers or screens an aper- 
ture ; an outer part or fold 
of a vest which hides the 
joining of an under one. Chay chen 
| a carriage curtain. 

775. Chen, or Chen shen 

the appearance of rail- 
ing the hand. 

776. - To look upwards to j 
to look up to with rever- 
ence and awe at to a s 
eign ; or as man to the Deity. The 
name of an office ; of a certain land- 
scape. A surname. The name of a 
certain state or country. 
Chen teaou flfjj |]jj[,' to look upward 

and remotely. 

Chen she j jjjB to look upwards to 
something superior, or to (he godi. 
Chen jang J '|J|J to raise the 1 i.l 
anil look upwards to something great 
or striking; to look up to the Em- 
peror of China as the Sovereign of 
the world. I'oreign Kmbassadors see- 
ing hi< Ini|'erial Majesty, if expressed 
I y Chen-vang. 

52 CHEN 

Chen le j jijl the rites and cere- 
monies attending slate interviews or 
religious tolcmnities. 

777. Species of toad, parts 
of which are eaten medicin- 
ally by the Chinese, and also 
applied to ulcers; it is variously de- 
Chen choo jJffiS y&- or |i pis Chen- 

ehoo, and 1 JO! Chen cho*, called 

also JJ& JjW Hea-mo; and ^~- ^3p 
Keu-wSn, *4 destroyer nf mosguitot ; 
this animal is further said to reside 
in the moon, and possesses certain 
spiritual powers; herce, 
Chen kwang 1 T^ the lustre of the 

778. C- A kii:d of curtain 
or cloth which surrour.i's 
or covers a wheel carriage. 
Same as 774. Garments 
which hang down before 
and cover the knees; 
also the corresponding 
part of the garment 
which hangs down be- 
hind. The appearance of being 
adjusted and put in order. Chan<r 

Che " Hi W lhe fla P' of an Asiatic 

Chen-chen, Moved or shaken as gar- 
ments, which hang down loose are 
moved by walking, or by the wind. 

779. .- Verbose; a mul- 
titude ofiwords; loquacity. 


780. O A horse running at 


781. \ Chen-chen S| 
I walking with haste. 
To advance with a hurried 

782, C To spy ; to peep ; to 
look furtively. 

783. K To rush down a 
J falling into a, pit; to be 
(Z2 involved. 

Certain ornaments 


785. t-. A certain ominous 
jSi' bird, that portend the fall, 

of a dynasty. 


786. - Chen, or ifT ^ 
Tun chen, Proceeding with 
labour or difficulty ; making 

little or no progress. 

787. Chen or Shen, Air ; look, 

r. ft 'jljjjshcn hwuy , 


Appearing to advance. 

Also read Tan, I $1 Tan tan 

I in\ 

jen,. Easy, leisurely, no appearance 
of haste. ReadTan, But; but when. 
Commonly written X{^ Tan. Bead 
Shen. Occurs in the sense of jjjK 
Shen, To transfer to. 

788. The same as ^g Chen. 


789. ' Chen or Shen, To as- 
sume; to usurp; to maintain 
pertinaciously. To prc- 

sume to do an) 

thing of one's own 
accord, without \, 

rmission from 
those who possess autlu 

Chen-chuen ; 



to us. 

irp au- 

o a$- 


f III) 

-keuen 'I J&& j thority;, 
sume a power to act iiidependan 
of any other person. 

Chen-taou :|J to presume, with- 

out permission; to go to a place. 
Chen tszc keu tso ] ;. /& 

I P^ *~^ \<y\ 
^ilhout asking permission to 

presume to go and do a thing of. 
one's own accord. 

Chen tsze tsS wei l fa 


to presume to do or. act of one's own 

790. - A banner or flig com. 

rjp=| posed only of one colour. 

791. - Hair worked up into 
a kind of cloth or felt. Of 
this tlie Chinese make 
caps, coverlids, and car- 
pets, also the solei of 
s'uoes; for this last purpose 
cotton is also worked into:, fit. ?f\ 
w M:\ou-ehen, Hair felt; a kit cap. 
^ | Tc-chen, A carpet. Chen 
is also used for textures which 
are of a coarse hairy felt-like ap- 

'92. V The epidermis or 
scurf skiii. 

?!>.% \ To look at and stop, 
as with surprize; to look 
at and change colour. 




794. Grain bound or tied up 

'tS| after being cut down; 
sheaf of grain. 

79*. A scum that comes on 
gelatinous liquids as they 
coI; particularly rice water; 
thick congee. 

796. A single garment; cool 
garments. Used also for Chen 
to wrap or twine round. 

Chen yuen 

the veins which 

wind round the stomach, according 
to Chinese anatomists. 

797. A single light plain una- 
dorned garment; a particular 
robe of a Queen. To open 
or lay partially aside. The covering 
of a corpse, to prevent its speedy 
putrefaction; a shroud. 

|-2 \ 798- To be negligent; inat- 
tentiv; rude or uncivil to. 

799. Appearance of being 
CIl uncovered , a naked figure. 

- -| 


800. Chen, or Tun-chen j 

I to progress with diffi. 
culty ; to appear to gain no 


801. Bitter wine or other 
I C> liquor for common drink. 

SOS. The head inclined to 
one side, and all the members 
of the body trembling with 

FART. II. t 

803. Thick rice water ; 

<g Chen rhBh che slith, 

A congee, or rice water 

804. - A horse heavily laden ; 
a wkite hone with a black 

_ A certain large fish, 

_-_lSI whose mouth is said to lie I>c- 
rW>EC, low the chin; having along 
snout and no scales. In some places 

in *^ 

called -gtr m Hwang-yu. The ac- 
i's AT 

count* given of it are contradictory. 

806. A certain bird of prey, 
said to be yellow in co- 
lour, rapid in its flight, 
to fly with a tremulous 
motion of its wings a- 
gainst the wind, and to 

pounce particularly on the pigeon 

species, which it devours.] 

807. To ipek with difficulty. 

808. Great; tingle. 

809- To breatne i to pant. 
A horse panting or broken 

Chen heuen [ |l|j eisurely, slowly. 
In one part of China, seeming Stop- 
page of the throat, which is occa- 
sioned by anger, was expressed by 

810. Chen or MIMI, I: 
fill , elegant ; heaiity in 
colours : elrganrr anil 

Chen yucn nffl fljj : liandvimr clrgant 
appearanrc; thr pleating braiitiful 
.ippcaraiicc of tree*, or plant , or 

811. The appearance of a 
carriage screened by a kind 
of curtain. 

S12. t. The appearance nf 
flame rising; to apply fir 
to ; heat ; hot. 

813. Chen, or Chen hwai 
' to pull ; to draj 

' To fight. A battle; 
to be struck with fear ; to 
dread ; to be alarmed. A 
surname. i~J" ||fe Tachcn, To join 
in battle. 

Chen-chen j fear ; under alarm. 
Chen chin 1 KS an arm) arrayctl for 

Chenchucn &fe a ship of war. 

Chen shTh vu hS | -j- ^ ^ 

fought upwards often battle*. 
Chen keu j 4^ fear ; alarm. 

Chen king teTh le j j$ *||gf ]$ 
a constant apprehension of 'erring; 
care ; great attention. 

Chen shoo ] ||j to be defeated i 

Chensze ] ^died fighting in battle. 

Chen tow pflh selh ] ^j ^ ,H 
incestant fijbtings and wars. 

m EN 



The name of a plant. 

816. To bite; to tear with 
tin- teeth, said ofd. 
other animal-. 

817. I- Chen, or Shen, An 
ailar or levelled arena on 
which to offer sacrifice. To 

resign in behalf of another. Used by 
the Buddhists denoting a silent, 
quiescent, contemplative slate ; ab- 
stracted contemplation. They dis- 
tinguish five sorts. 

Chen lin jj|j ^ the contemplative 
forest ; aconcourse of people devoted 
to a contemplative life. 

Chen sze ijjj) teacher of the con- 
templative doctrines. 

Chen tang ^ the hall of contem- 

8J8. C. A kind of sash worn 
with its eods banging down. 

insect of the cricket kind, 
it appears in the fifth moon. 
The gryllus. Poison. A certain kind 
of carriage. A man's name. 
Chen tuy jf| the shell cast ofTby 

the cricket 

Chen Uaou ^ flS the noise made by 
the cricket. 

82 ' Unfounded ; fabulous ; 
lying; irregular ptech. 
A man's name. 

821. t To open; to lay or 
P ea(I out i <> manifest 
clearly ; manilcit, luminous ; 


great ; to extend. Name of a place. 

Chen choo \\ : 4- a clear and In- 
Ml J f~i \t 

miious explanalion of, or commen- 
tary on. 

Chen kwang ] j| to extend the 
limits of a territory. 

X C1|T| 82S - C Water of a river 
vraOl overflowing and forming a 
f |-T*v| number of small streams. 
Name of a river. 

82S. t- Name of a cjty in 
the state Loo. . 

84. Yelloir colour. 

825. V From Four per- 
sons turning over cloth. 
To inspect it; to turn 
over and inspect; to 
unroll ; to open, or spread 
out; expansion of the 
feelings, from ease and 
agreeable circumstances j 
j to arrange ; to inspect ; to 
judge of; true; sincere. Something 
great effected, or attained; or 
capable of effecting something great. 
A surname. 

Chen cbing 1 gW/a faithful sincere 

Chen fi 1 ? to open and exhibit. 
I u* 

Chen he sing j ^ ^ to lay or 

spread out victims. 
Chen hwan J|& &e to extend or 

delay the time ; to defer the time of 

doing something, 
(hen kae 1 fj|J to open or spread 

out; to opena scroll or a book. 

1-l.on >a J 
Chen kan j 


to open and look 


to. examine; . t*.. 

826. ^ ] Chen chcn, 
A gaping silly foolish ap- 

887. Chen ting 
Beautiful ; handsome. 

828. To bind; to tie. 

Chen-cben, or Kfc'ert ^ ^L to spread 
or layout as wide as possible.. A. 
long ugly appearance.. 

829. Chcn^jen S| 
laughing appearance; loud 

830V To turn as a wheel ; ; 
turn half round. 

Chen cbuen fan tsih ijjt ijiifr K fi\i 
to turn backwards and forwards; . 

Chen cbueu puh nang vtang 1 i|fr 
^ Em ^ revolving :i thing over 
and over in tbe mind, unable to> 
forget it. 

831. A certain appendage 
on the outside if 

832. A place where .thin<r 


are sold; a shop. IlR 
jfr Chen-she, or | ^ 
Chen sze, A shop, a place 
vliif j>eople meet to 
buy and sell, 





833. Name of a river on the 
nprth-west part of the 

834. TO twist or turn roiind 
with the hand. 

. _ ass. To wind round and 
T^ I_P cling to : to bind to ; to tie; 

fc 1 ^ ILv^M"* 

I f^t^- to wrap with silk. A sun- 
name. Hihg chen ^ ^^ to wrap 
clothes round the , legs in order to 
strengthen them for walking. 

Chen tae 1 is a long pudding-like 
taih, which- the Chinese tie round 
them, and in which they carry money 
or secret papers. 

Chen tow HA a cloth wound round 

I >*t^S 

the head, aa the people of. Fflh- 
keen do. 
Chenjaou '[ ^ to wind round j to 

convolve round and round; to im- 

Chen mcen j||| to wind about and 
adhere to s to dwell upon with the 

836. To plan, by force or 
fraud, tw obtain people's 
properly ; to rob upon the 

8*7. To remote. 

838. To tread with the feet; 
to move ; to go. .The path 
trodden ; a rut made by a 


Chen tsze j ^ the course of the 
stars or planets. 

839. A -place where things 
are sold; a market place. 

840. Chen-chuen4jH||l a 

^JeE yq\\ 

^ kind of pin for braiding up 
the hair. 

841. The gate of a ihop or 
|T7t I market place. 

^ 849. A certain kind of ban- 
ner; a certain crooked 


handle of a banner;, to make 
a signal with a colour. 

843. An imperial order.- 

844. Chen, or Chan. To 
ill pare off; to make level. 

To reap or cut down grain. 

Read Chen, To attack; to reduce; 
to level ; to equalize. |J 1J||J Chan 
leii, To pare off. ^W| 1 Choo 
chan, To pare or level the ground; 
to plough. 

T6 flatter; to addreu 
praise, worship, or sacrifice 
to those to whom it if -not 
due; mean, spirited adulation; to 
gratify, the eye and car. ~^ jj 
pj /-f? Pfih chen ko king, He who 
will not flatter deserves respect. 

Chen yu fob kwci =W *$ "W 
to flatter the rich. 

Che mei ] Tffiff th soothing blandish- 

I /7M 

ments 'of flattery. 
Chen seaon 1 4^ to .flatter and gig- 

Chen jin ko pe j ^ "pj -^R tht 

flatterer deserves cvntempt. 

846. To direct; to moderate. 

84T. Chen or Chan, To see ; 
to-manifest, 'fjjj ^ Chen 
tsow, Abusive language. 
Also read Chwan, To prepare; t 

Chen kung J jjj to manifett that 
which is meritorious. 






Manuscript Diclionrie Chi. Confounded with TM. Cmnton Dialect, Ckrk. 


14*. A small step or pace; 
a step imde with the left 
foot. Joined with ~T" - 
Choo, A step with the right foot ; 
united they make /tj Hiig, To walk. 

S49. Chlh or Che. From 
Mouth,. and Lines represent- 
ing the breath falling. A 
inal particle ; a nere tone. In the 
beginning of a sentence, it forms a 
connective, which may be rendered 
Merely ; only ; but : liiitjint ; then ; 
forthwith: and so on, as the Kope 
requires. A surname. 

CMh c 1 J3 implies, This way alone 
is proper. 

Chih ko | pj" this alone may be 

ChTh keen EJ I only saw ;j ml ob- 
served ; it was seen ; it then occur- 

ed : then very commoa in colloquial 

Chih koo 1 30 mind nothing but; 
heedless of other things. 

Chlh kwan | & denotes .Acting 
from the spur of the moment ; a tem- 
porary essay ; also inconsiderately 
acting according to one'* humour. 

May be translated, Just try; merely 
for the present ; inconsiderately 
permit themselves; thoughtlessly: 
indiscreetly ; .continual!* ; on ercry 

Chih h | ^|only can; to be o- 
bligcd to; having no alternative. 

ChTh yew j .^jj merely have; will 
then assuredly be. 


f ^h. 

850. t A measure of length; 
the Chinese cubit Its 
length has been various at 

different periods. The tenth of it'is 

called " Tsun. 

ShTh chih wei chang -j- j^ 
ten cubits make a Chang. ^ 
Che chih, Near. 

Chih yew so twan tsun yew so chang 

that which is too short for a cubit, 
may be more than enough for an 
inch; the person who cannot answer 
every purpose, may answer some 
purposes very well. 

ClnlihwS TO a worm. 

ChTh tsun ~n" measured with the 

ChTh audthe Tsun; adjusted; pro- 

portioned; the measurement; the 

851. To drive with noise 
and shouts; to bid in a rough 
angry tone; to hoot at, ai 
to a dog; to mention. 

Ho chih |pf p^ or | |J^ Club 
cha, Loud, angry, boisterous ut- 

Fan wei chih ming che how ' 

I 'O 3j%. iyc ''" t rou ' ) le (you) to 
mention (my) name and make (my) 
compliments. Read Tsih, Noise; 
sound ; strong breathing. 

s^ % 
V/ | 
1| I 

85?. Juice ; gravy ; *he good 
ofany thing obtained in a 
fiquid form, by steeping or 
expressing, or boiling; thick liquor. 
I scd metaphorically for any piece 
of writing which pleases the mental 
taste. Snow and rain blended ; 

Chih tseang ^-j- \jjk gravy ; juice ; 
any thing tasty, that pleases the palate 
or the imagination. 

Chih shwHy jfa watcrt hickeneJ, 
by tepiug any thing in it. 


-i -^ 854. c. To expel ; to drive far 
I"J from one ; to accost rudely ; 
f to reprehend unceremoni- 

ously; to eject; to exclude. Salt 
land; reaching far; many; to ex- 
tend; to point to. The name of a 
hill ; a surname. Jg fa f he chih, 
To point at, and find fault with. 
Chih chuh ] ^ to thrust or drive 

Chih-hwS | t|j|| a worm, 

Chih how I jl^ unprepared and 

standing aloof; looking watchfully 

at, as two opposing armies. 
Chih ma 1 le to scld or find fault 

with a person in an abrupt offensive 

Chih j 8 I pjt to put to shame by an 

offensive reprehension. 
Che loo I RJ salt unproductive land, 

as on the sea cost. 

\ ^& 855. Chih or Tsih, To split; 

^L'J^P to rive; to rend asunder. 

S \ To crack ; to open. ffl 

j& Kei tsih, The opening of buds 

and of fruit, as in Spring. 

Chih peih nan chan yay | S|] ffiffi 

Eg -^JJ difficult labour in the birth 

of children is expressed by Chih-peih. 

856. To split, or rend; to 
tear open ; to break open, 
as a letter; to pull to pieces; 
to lay in ruins. To strike; to at- 

Chih hwae jjr fe| to break up ; to 
break to pieces, as the planks of a 
Chih kae Bj| to break or tear 

Chih hwuy ! to lay in ruins. 



Chih Ian 1 yfM to break to pieces. 
Chih seay 1 MJ to pull down, as a 

Chih yue" ffl| to break open and 
I '/tJ 

look at. 

%_ 857. t- Naked. Carnation or 

"^"TS^* flesh colour; of a reddish 

y*J colour; vermillion. Name 

of a river. A surname. 
Chih te chih shin Tjfc *$ 1 jB> 

the naked body. 
Chih te tseen le [ Jfe ^f" M a 

thousand miles of parched, barren, 

unoccupied land. 
Chih tsze | ^- an infant ; a word of 

tenderness for the people. 
Chih too 1 -J-^ a red earth, which 

serves as a dye. Same as 447. 

858. From a Hand grasping 
one Wing; hence a single 
bird. A hand grasping two 

wings, makes ijgShwang, A brace; a 
pair. Single;alone; not in pairs: one 
of a pair. Numeral of things which 
are single. ^S- IPS Yih chih 

ya, A duck. ] %~ 

kow, A dog. ] 

Yih chih yang chuen, A foreign ship. 

Chih shin | Ja> one person alone, in 
a place, or a cause. 

Chih show pah nSng chay teen J ^- 
jf\ "tfi? ^p ~^F one hand cannot 
screen the heavens; i. e. cannot effect 

859. From H Jow, Flesh, 
placed on jfc Ho, Fire. To 
broil ; to dry with fire ; to ap- 
ply fire to, or to apply to the fire ; to 
heat; to near; to approach near, 
said of persons. 




S ^^ 

Chih . fuh 3^ -fo Jjtt to dry clothci 

with fire. 
Chih shuh j ^ lo broil maturely. 

Chih kwo 1 ^ broiled ; dressed at 

the fire. 
CMhje 1 ^Jt to heat by applying 

to the fire. 

3-> Che. 860. To extend or reach It 
f given point ; the extreme limit. 

86). Firm; unbending. 
Foolish. Name of an animal. 

fa. VL chrh yth> Not 

advancing ; impeded. 

862. Chih or He, A loud 
laugh. g? ] ^He 
he jen, Laughing. Read 

Che, in the same sense. Also to stop. 
Read Te?, To gnaw ; to bite. 

863. -Chin or Teih, From 
Woman and to go. Th 
sons or daughters of bro- 
thers ; these accompanied the daugh- 
ters of the rich when married. A 
husband also calls his wife's nephews 
and neices Chih, or ^J j Wae- 
chih. His own are called pftj j 
Nuy chih, Internal. 

Chih foo ' $|j a nephew's wife. 

Chih neu ' I ^ a neice. 
Chih se ;|/E a neice's husband. 
Chih sun J& a nephew's children. 
Chih tsze TO? -3-- a nephew. 

864. To cut down grain. 
Chih chih j& ] the noise 
made in cutting down grain. 

To beat; to strike a blow with 
the fist. 





865. ('; large 5 light; 

866. Fetters for the feet j to 
stop ; to pierce; to st;ib. 

Cblh kiSh sze chay, fei ehing ming yay 

to die in fetters and manicles, is not 
a regular death, ffl- I Tan chin, 
A certain medicinal bark. 
Chih hci ^'1: a certain piece of 
iron at the ends of the axle of a 
wheeled carriage by which the wheels 
are regulated. Applied to persons 
who regulate by moral doctrines the 
manners of the world. 

867. The noise made in reap- 
ing or cutting down grain 
with a sickle. 

868. To stop or close; to 
fill; to impede; the moon 
at a certain period. 

Chih gae nan tung ^ (Jj tffe jg 
embarrassed; impelled, difficult to 
comprehend, or get through the 
management of. 

Chili sili ' | t fill or s t O j, uu _ 


869 ' To 
angrily, or opprobriously. 

. % b70 Dull of hearing, in a 
moral sense; obtuse; dull 
of comprehension. 

h7l. Name of an insect some- 
what like a spider, and which 
shuts itself up in a hole. 

872. A species of leech. 

873. Footsteps; traces of 
the feet 

874. A short hook or sickle 
for cutting grain or grass. 
One who reaps or mows. 
Name of an ancient district. 

it Shih, 87 5. To lose ; to mist ; It err. 

878. A cloth to prevent 
losing; Covers for books, 
made of cloth or other 
materials; a little bag. In ordei ; 
arranged. A surname. 
Shoo chih 3~. fify a case or cover 
in which to enclose books. 

877. To strike; to beat; to 
chastise by beating or flog- 

S78. Sacrifices ofiered, with 
a certain order of the 
persons attending. 

879. To scam; to mend; to 
connect as by sewing. 

~/^( to mend, or repair 


garments ; to seam. 

880. A cover or case for 
books; to pierce as with 
a needle; a satchel made 
with a needle, used by 
women. A period often 
years. A .surname. 

881. Straight; direct; 
morally upright. 

fliTh lae tTh chuen jjjT >& 
ships which come direct from a place. 

Chih le j jjpj the province in which 
the Court of China is now held; it it 
an epithet applied to various districts 
in the empire. 

Chih shang j _ to go straight up to. 

Chih tseen j ijij to advance straight 

Chih taou jjg to go the straight 
road, either physically or morally. 

882. To be worth ; the value 
of; the price. Read Che, 
To manage, or transact ; 
to occur; to take hold of. /| 
MI Kea chih. The price. JB; ^ 
Jj {|| ^ She shin mo kea tseen? 
What is the price of it i ~JT t 1 
%_& P8h chih tse'en, It does not cost 
much; it is not expensive. /f^ 

Not worth a farthing. "^ 1 ffi 

'fHi B'l ^ Pilh cl " h y u ta ke keaou, 
It is not worth while to argue with 

Cluh Hh shih yuen ] 4JL -|- jfl 
It is worth, or cost, ten dollars. 

883. Clayey, adhesive earth. 
Work in clay is called ^f( 
jjff Twaii chih. To poke 

or (eel one's way as a blind man, is 

called Ml ] Chih chih. 


884. To apply the heart or 
mind, is culled ^ fg 

885. Erected; planted; to 
thrilst into the ground; to 
stick into; placed erect; 

to lay down. A surname. 
ChTh ke chaiig urh yun ifc|[ JJL T^ 
Sfn ^ stuck his staff into the 
ground and rooted, up the plants. 

Chih left | \L to lallt erecti t0 

raise perpendicular. 
ChThmuh \ yj^ to plant a tree ; any 

piece of wood erect. 
hth peih ping kwei 

laid down the Peih and took hold of 

the Kwei. 
ChTh wuh j ffl any thing standing 


_ 886. To fettcn; to enrich, 

n jf| as by steeping in fat; to 

/ |j-i- plant; to grow; to erect 

and make to grow; to erect and 

make to prosper. To increase ; to 

flourish; to increase wealth and 

riches. To be covetous of gain ami 

prosperity. Chih chih, Even; to 

level ; to confer office upon. 

. i ,Lf 

ChTh ho jffa J3 to raise the price of 
goods from a covetous desire of 

Chih yew le j 7^" jjj|jf give office to 
those who are correct in their de- 

Chih meaou ' "ffi grain planted and 
well manured. 

887. Chth or TsTh. Fearless. 

lift 1li ch ' h sMh> Ba(l> 

vicious. Read Cha, <j|!A 

I Kwacba, Appearance of walkiig. 


888. The noise of haste or 

hurry. The vulgar form of 


jj|j TsTh, To reprehend. 

889: Chih or Tsih, To take 
with the hand; to pluck. 
See Tsih. 

890. Appearance of the ears 
sticking up; to prick, the 


891. Chth or Tsih, To blame; 
to reprihend ; to find 
fault with ; to be angry 

with; to punish or chastise. To 
change appearances. 

1892. The marrow in bones ; 
rt-l * ta k e out the marrow 
\ -M from a bone. 

893. To throw; to cast 
away with the hand ; to 
throw or cast away with 
some vehemence. 3&[) 

M & J^ ChTh te kin 
shins:, Thrown to the 

ground sounds like gold ; is applied to 
a sonorous pleasing style. 
ChTh hea j ~f\ to throw down. 

ChTh wa J ^ to throw tilegor brick- 

ChTh kwo ying chay | Sjg. Tjb ^ 
threw fruit and filkd the carriage; 
has an allusion to an ancient story. 

ChTh hwuy 1 [gj to throw back- 
used by the Emperor in reference to 
documents which displeage him. 

ChTh kwang yin 1 T^ ^ to throw 
away one's time. 

ChTh, or ChTh chflh 
embarrassed ; irre- 
solute;, neither going one 



way nor another, making no progrcJi 
any way. 

895. Chth or Cho, To take. 

e wan, To take up and adopt 
other people's essays instead of writ- 
ing one's own thoughts. 

ChTh tseu 1 Jfr to take to one. 

896. To tread with the feet j 
to skip or leap for joy; to 
dance. To occur ; to happen. 

ChTh tsuh hea 
under the feet. 

to tread 


89T. To take with the hand > 
to .grasp, to lay hold of; to> 
stop or fill up; to pursue 
and apprehend to persecute. A 
surname. J"fjl 1 Poo-chTb, To 
apprehend as by the officers of the 
police. j^j Koo-chTh, To be 
obstinate and inflexible. 

ChThche I |i to seize hokl of with 
the hand or with the mind. 

ChThfiseang sing ] fe ^j .ffi 
to grasp the law and measure with 
a line , a pertinacious adherence to 

ChTh fijooshan 1 y* AfJ ill I'll 
1 *^^ ^f ' ' 

maintain the laws immovably at a 
mountain; the declaration of magis- 

ChTh gaou %~T obstinate and 

perverse j a pertinacious wrangling 
manner. Obstinately firm. 

ChTh hwuy & to summon the 

i i J 

meeting of a kind of benefit society. 
ChTh kc keen i P to adhere 




pertinaciously lo one's own vim* 
of things. 

ChTh me puh woo 1 S& x?> fa to 
adhere to ttupid apprehension of 

Chili ihow j yp to grasp and main- 

tain hold of. 
ChTh show | S. to take by the hand 

in token of friendship. 
ChTh ing I M: a determined dis- 


ChTh sze 1 j&to grasp an affair ; or 
be a manager of affairs, great or small. 

szc chay, The ignoble or meaner, 
mre those who manage the affair*. 

ChTh ylh p6h tung ^K ^ 
to seize hold of one view of a 
subject or sediment, and be im- 
pervious to the reasons assigned 
for any change. To grasp one form 
of a subject and be impenetrable to 
eyery thing else. ^ | t_ JL 
Too chTh ke keen, A useless and 
absurd adherence to one's own per- 
ception of any opinion or circum- 

898. To connect as by sewing 
or tying together ; to tie or 
fasten to, as a horse or cow. 

899. A place of retirement 
and silence; to retire to 
silence. ChTh or ChTh chung 
tjj insects which retire into 
holes and become torpid ; one of the 
Chinese vernal terms takes its name 
from their coming forth again. 

Win. A name of women. 

% * flOl. To weave; a general 
term for weaving silk or 

cloth of any kind. 

ChTh ke $ Wfe a loom for weaving. 
Chin poo 1 /fjjto weave cloth- 

cotton cloth. 
ChTh chow twan ] $$ 

ChTh tTh tsing die kin sew 

to weave 

I woven with elegant 


90'2. To record small affairs ; 
to controul; to direct; to 
manage ; continued di- 
rection or controul of; tributary 
eflerings; undivided attention ; di- 
rection to. ChTh-chTh, Much, many. 
A surname. 
.ChTh yuen Jut PJ an official officer ; 

"H\ _>^ 

one who has purchaced his rank, but 
does not actually fill any station, a 
mere honorary appointment. 
ChTh sze fjj .tfe to controul ; manage 
or direct any affair. 


To superintend ; 

to direct ; to 

Chihle | 
ChThchang 1 
ChTh show j 

ChTh fun 1 


chTh fun, Is, to be an officer of the 

ChTh jin 1 ffithe duties of any 

official situation. 
ChTh fun die nuy | ^ ^ ptj 

to be included in one's official duties. 

an official national 
/el" 'jr Yew 


003. ChTh. Alarmed; ti- 
morous; afraid. 

-. 901. A precept ; an order i 
a prohibition. Sincere. 
H ChTh che, The 
Imperial will made known 
officially. [ If-r ChTh 
hing, The Sovereign's 
mandate promulged to 
the Empire. &f 

ChTh ming, j 3| ChTh 
r SMj ^ ChTh ling, A 
wxitten imperial order ; written cre- 
dentials or letter concerning some 

Keae chTh |$J! ] precepts; admo- 
nitions; directions; orders. 
ChTh fung ^ office conferred by 
Imperial order. 

905. A certain elegant water 
bird, well known in China. 

906. C. A general term for 
combs ; to comb the hair ; to 
put away dirt or any thing 


ChTh fung muh yu |wj J|j[ ^ [jj^ 
to be combed by the wind, and wet 
by the rain ; to suffer by the wind 
and rain. 

907. The noise mad by 
water dashing against itself, 
or violently thrown against 

rocks ; water flowing rapidly ; the 
dashing of a torrent. 

908. Earth imbued or satu- 
rated with water. 





it- | 909. To congregate in large 
*"l ~ I numbers. A large collection 
*"^ * 

of silk! worms is called Chth- 


9 1 0. Compact, firm, reverent, 
respectful manner; well' 
regulated ; adjusted ; ar- 
ranged ; to command ; to give injunc- 
tions or orders to, as a , master, 
teacher, or Sovereign. 
Chih hea J*9ji ~7> to give orders to in- 

Cbihketsze JK -?- to give in-; 
l .^>. t 

junctions to his sons. 

911... Erroneously written 
for the preceding, 

*ryn 912 Chih or Tsih,- To 

i-*"-. li^ choose ; to select; which is 

' I " also ex-pressed by J!L jj& 

Seuen ehih, or reversed Chih seuen. 

Chih fei urh she ] Jjg Tffj |$g to 

select the fat and eat them; denotes 

selecting wealthy people at objects 

of extortion. 

^ to select good 

people for acquaintances. 

Chihshen 1 3-L to-select and prac- 
tice what js good. 

Chih shih I 'tt to select food per- 
sons on whom to exercise extortion. 

Chih te urh taou. ] J-jjl ffrj ffi to 
select the ground on which one treads 
to select tile place of one's residence; 
used when China was divided. 

Chih jin /^ to choose proper 

people to employ. 

t 1 1 91 * To strike. Read Poo, 
T' iV^ To collect together scatter - 

1 7 ed grass. 

FAR.T. u. n, 

914. To raise to a higher 
place ; to cause to. ascend ; 
to promote; to- ad-Vance; 
high; eminent. A man's name. 

Chih chuh ^jj Pf"motion and 

degradation ; applied to the officers 

of government. 
Chili keang lifa to atcend and to 

descend ; applied to spirits being 

present with a worshipper, although 

Chih lih ^^ denotes Heaven or 

the gods looking down on human 

affairs from on.high. 

** ** 
f~ ft 

' 5 ' ' ^ e ^^ OT su ' )stant ' a ' 
part of; the substance or 

^.f matter of; to substantiate as 
by witnesses; to confront; to exa- 
mine, to settle or fix. To realize; plain 
unadorned ; true; sincere ; am:irk at 
which ta shoot; a kind of agree- 
ment for wholesale merchandize. 
The ground or nature of; regular cor- 
rect procedure ; the part which the 
hand grasps in a bow. A surname. 

keae wang pe chih, Let the accuser 
or plaintiff be sent forward (under 
custody) to he ready to confront 
with the accused. 

Ke Jj^ and Chih J bo h refer to 
the elements of things; Ke respects 
the more subtle, and Chih, grosser 
elements, and includes the accidents 
or qualities of matter. Ke-ehTh, 
Taken together denotes the natural 

Chih chih ] j{| naturally straight 
forward ; of an upright plain and 
honest disposition! 

Chih sin =^ to confront and ex- 

amine ; to interrogate free to 

Chih te I j:|jj the natural constitu- 
tion; temperament and talent of a 

Chihtse 1 'A^jl ukiud of bond, in 
ancietil times. 

Chih te kwo jin j|}l >S A 

possessing original talents superior 
to -other men. 

916. Chih. The body feel- 
V'^1| ing cold ; to tremble with 

cold. - 

917. A stone base of a 
column; .or the stone on 
which a wooden pill v stands. 

918. A certain instrument 
used to inflict punishments, 

"^ or torture the feet. Used also 
for the following. An axe or hatchet. 
J19. An axe or hatchet. A 
sword with which to deca- 

920. A stallion. To mount 
a horse and ascend a 
hill ; to cause to ascend ; 
to raise ; to promote the 
welfare of ; to fix ; to 

I the secret favorable 
determinations of heaven respecting 
any one ; the secret blessing of Hea- 
ven on the actions which procure it 

921. To eat or drink; to 
receive or be impressed 
by ; to suffer. See Shih. 
In Colloquial Language, 
To eat or drink is com- 
monly thus pronounced 

The Dictionaries read Shih, which siss 

YTn chin 





Manuscript Dictionaries Otm. Canton Dialect, Chin or Chan. 

982. Bushy; thick black 
hair; a fine head of hair in 
Chinese estimation. 

923. New fledged. 

92 J. To grasp or lay fast 
hold of; to drag or lead in 
a rude perverse manner. 

925. Valuable; precious; 
TW V important; excellent in its 
^^^ kind ; extraordinarily good ; 
to deem precious. Name of a dis- 
Chin choo 3& : pr pearls.' 

Chin choo fun j J^ ^j$f a P ecies 
of white sago. 

Chinchung 1 JB* to esteem ; and take 
care of as valuable ; applied to one's 
person and one's health. 

Chin paou j =jljr excellent and va- 

Cfainke ] 

Chin kwei 1 

Chin kwae j 'jj strange ; extraor- 
dinary, applied to food. 

Chin sew j ftfc excellent food ; eight 
animals are called the Eight Chin. 

rare and valuable. 
i excellent and va- 

Chinuy | ]K excellent; felicitous. 
Chin wan | ^K a valuable curiosity. 
Ch'm we j ffjC a delicious taste. 

926. A kind of dyke in 
Chinese fields, which serves 
both for a path and as a di- 
vision of the land. To approach be- 
fore, as before the gods; to an- 
nounce or state before. The name 
of a river. To terminate ; the root 
of- pj^ JEJJU Chin yvh, A landmark 
or boundary. 

9*7. Clear; bright. 

D28. A cutaneous disease 
of children; a breaking out 
of pustules; a disease of the 
lips; a kind of small pox. 

929. A rugged rocky ap- 
pearance.^ j Chin-chin, 
Difficult to approach, or 

reach to. 

930. Something intercepting 
the sight ; heavy, dull. A 
man's name. 

931. To tell or state to jio 



93?. Turned ; bent ; curved , 
perverse. Single garments. 
To turn sr twist a cord. 

933. A disease or ulcerated 
state of the lips i a breaking 
out of the lips, pustules; 
email pox. 

93 1 Black garment; single 
raiment, such as is worn in 
warm weather; garments 
with flowers worked on them. 
Chin e ^ ~ftj^ single thin garment. 

j > 935. To look at ; to examine; 
-^yXV to try the state of; to 
Q^^ verify; to feel the pulse; to 
interpret a dream. 

Chin mih =j^ H^ to try or feel the 

Chin she 1 jjjj| to look at and ex- 

Chin mung 1 Jgito interpret a 

936. To approach from be- 
hind; to walk hastily up to; 
to take possession of or 
embrace an opportunity. 
Chin keu j|g/jR? to go to market. 
Chin tsaou tsow I J3 ^jr to take 
:i opportunity of going early. 




Chin yang ] ysl to go to sea. 

Chin ke hwuy I 1jj& 'Gj? to take an 
opportunity; concurrence of favor- 
able circumstances. 

Chin she how [ {$ f^ to takc a 
right or favorable time. 

Chin chen | ^ the appearance of 
progressing with difficulty; embar- 

937. A transverse piece of 
wood in the hinder part of 
Chinese carts or carriages. 
To move; to turn; a numerous 
collection of carts. The name of a 
constellation. A certain string of 
the Kin instrument. The name of a 
country ; a iurname. 
Chin hwae |l& 'j^| painful, anxious 

i. Same as 3&J Chin. ?ee 
9-35, above. 

939. Bashful, modest; atten- 
tive; little hair upon Ihe 

ChinlinB^ $)8 little hair on the head; 
a partial baldness. 

.__. 940. Chin,orChin-chen]|p 
jife a horse heavily burden- 
ed and progressing with 

941. Long hair. 

942. Black; dark. 

943. True; truth; sincere; 
sincerity; real ; genuine j 
pure; spiritual; the name 
of a star ; a name of tea ; 
a name of gold, of in. 
J cense, of a stone, and of 
a district. A surname; a designation 
of Buddha; and of the eminent in 
the Taou sect. 
Chen cha 1 it a particular speciej 

of tea. 

Chin jin 1 ^ a designation of 
those of the sect Taou who put ofl 
their corporeal figure and become 
a kind of spiritual genii. 
Chin joo j '\n\ a phrase of the Bud- 
dha sect, denoting the original na- 
ture or constitution of. 

Chinkea j ^or I fSchinwei, 
True and false; real and fictitious. 

Chin-king j iM the mysterious dog- 
mas of Chwang-tsze, and several other 
ancient Writers are so called. 

Chin le j| -J|| true principles; truth. 

Chin shili j "W true and real. 

Chin tsae ] ^ the true rnler, de- 
notes Heaven, 

Chin yuen j jf^ the True origin? 
refers to Heaven. 

944. A woman's name. 

945. Vulgar form of Chin 


elj angry words; scolding; 
railing; mutual abuse. 


946. Stones formerly sus- 
pended at the ear. Name 
5J of a particular stone. A 
man's name. 

I K* 947. To stretch, as the string 
|3 of a bow, to strike, thr 
^ ^ string of an instrument. 

94*. Chin or Teen, The 
noise of something falling; 
the noise of stones clash- 
ing against each other, is expressed 
by Chin jcn fif %fc Chin furthei 

O* lilt 

denotes, the base of a pillar. 

f- 949 The blessing of Heaven 
||| itl on truth; happiness received 

lit icJL* 

' _^ ^~ in conseiuence of truth and 

P50 A collection of many 
things bundled or crowded 
_- together; thick, close, col- 
lection of. 

951. A certain vessel or 
utensil. Reeds of which ar- 
rowsare made. 

B-f~ 952. To stretch wide the 
[pi eyes in anger; to stare in a 
^ ~\ passion. 

Chin she jj|JL ^0 to look in an angry 
enraged manner. Read Chin, Lux- 
uriant; affluent; abundant. 

953. Silk prepared, but nol 
woven. Close; thick. Black. 

954. Name of a plant, 

|_ 955. Used both for laugh- 
1EI ing or smiling, and for be- 
l-*^l^ ing in a passion. Angry; 
the words uttered in anger. 



956. / A cross bar in the 
hinder part of a wheeled 
carriage. To move. A 

^l- 957. / To press down ; to 
keep down ; to repress ; to 

<if^J keep the people in sub- 
jection; hence applied to certain 
officers. To repress any evil in- 
fluence or occurrence from arising, 
hence applied to pagodas, hills, and 
so on, which, in the Chinese su- 
perstition, are thought to keep 
down demoniacal or pestilential in- 
fluences. A surname ; name of a star. 

Chin yi ^ j|g to repress; to keep 

Chin show j ^ t o keep in a state 
of subjection. 

Chin tae j ^ the title of certain 
military officers whose duty it is to 
keep down the people, and to pre- 
vent sedition or insurrection. 

Chin show Kwang-tuug Tseang-keun 

3 Chin yue tseang-keun, 
The Tartar General placed over 
Canton Town and Province. 

958. Thick bushy, black 

959. Black hair; an ele- 
'1E1 gant head of hair. A dark 
- - - black appearance. 

im, 960. To move; lo shake, 
at ty thunder, in the Spring sea- 
ton ; to extend or stretch out, as 
planti in Spring. Time, the tun, 


moon, and stars, which by their 
motions mark rime, are called 
Three Shin. A horary (kartcter. 

. ~- 961. Boys from ten lo 
A i^T twelve years of age. ^ 
Y V^- Chin.denotes Good; 

Chin tsze ] ^ and | '|p' Chin 
tung, Boys employed to play on, 
instruments at funerals. 

962. Alarm, apprehension; 
to intimidate. Commonly 
used for 41' Slum, The lips. 

963 A kind of hag employed 
in feeding horses; or a 
basket with grain in it ; to 
suspend round the horses head. Ap- 
plied also to a vessel or basket to 
carry provisions for men when tra- 
veling on horse back. 

964. / To move ; to agitate ; 
to shake ; to excite ; to 
r V, raise; to rescue; to adjust 
to put in order ; to repair. To sti- 
mulate ; to rend or tear asunder ; to 
stop; to receive. Chin occurs in 
the sense of ancient; the appearance 
of a flock of birds flying. A great 
number or quantity of. ['] Read 
Chin, occurs in the sense of a single 

Chin mflh tS e tseu chung |lj| ^ ^p 

J$ ^it "K to ring a kind of be " 

in order to assemble the multitude. 
See ^ Miih. 

Chin ts8 I Th to excite ; to rouse ; 
to stimulate to action; to repair or 
put in order. 


965. Situated between two 
pillars ; certain beams of a. 

966. Rich; to enrich ; to 
supply the wants of; to 
give to. A largess or 
bounty conferred on the 
distressed people of any 

Chin pin min |te ^ j to afford 

pecuniary assistance to the poor 

Chin seub j /pjj[ to commiserate 

and perform acts of beneficence. 
Chin tse ] jjjJ to afford supplies, or 

give assistance to those in want. 

Chin fi tsetie | ^ |g to relieve 
those who are impoverished and 

P67. / To shake ; to agitate, 
as by thunder or by an earth- 
quake; to raise; to com- 
mence; to conceive or become preg- 
nant; to intimidate or strike terror 
into by pomp and state, or by des- 
potic power. Name of one of the 
Eight Kwa. 

Chin che JJ iffi to tremble with ap- 
prehension; fear. 

Chinking j ^ to strike with alarm. 
Chin ken J j|| to be shaken with 

fear; to tremble with fear. 
Chin ke j ^- to rouse; to ex- 
Chin noo I -&X. / cite; toputinrao- 
I nlf j 

tion, or cause the action of. 





Chin noo | J^ to shake with anger; 

to tremble or quiver with rage , to 

terrify by one's anger ; the anger of 

a king. 
Chin tung ^jj to shake ; to put in 

motion ; to agitate. 
Chin tsth yS! the name of a lake. 

tjJL Shin. 968. From -^ Kan, 
Sweet, and |7C Pe)h, A pair. Plea- 
lure; delight; excess; hence the 
common acceptation, Exceedingly; 
extremely; very. 

969. A small weapon for 
cutting; to cut ; to stab ; to 

970. / To grasp and strike ; 
to stab. The noise of cut- 
ting timber. 

, 971. - To take or pour out, 
-ir* as with a spoon ; to add to ; 
to pour into ; to deliberate, 
and adjust. A surname; 

Chin chs ^j- g^ to consult about; 
to deliberate and consult with. 

Chin e ke sze j ||| j T^j advise, 
consult, or deliberate about the affair. 

Chin chB tsin shen ffifj jrffi; Jfc. 
to have deliberated about and brought 
to an arrangement perfectly satis- 

972. A kind of staff; an in- 
strument for cuttiug down 

973. A stone on which to 
beat silk. 

FART. II. ft 

974. A kind of broach or 
large pin for braiding up the 
hair. To collect together, 

as the hair braided up. 

975. To strike suddenly. 

976. True; sincere; truth; 
sincerity. A man's name; 
name of a state or nation. 

977. *-Akind of an awl or 
pointed tool to bore holes ; 
an instrument to cut with. 

Chin j in og ^ an interrupted noise ; 
a noise which does not increase. 

978. Weak ; feeble. 

Yung. 979. Dispersed; scat- 
tered; confused; pressed 
with an of occupation. 
/L. J Yin, Appearance of walk- 
ing. Read Yen, Hesitating ; doubtful. 
These three characters, are in com- 
mon use, confounded and used for 
each other in compound words. 

9SO. To use effort, or exert 

981. ^ A block or stake of 
wood, or something of 
the kind to fasten cattle 
to. A pillow on which 
to rest the head. A sur- 

Chin tow $j( a pillow for the head ; 
in China they are generally hard. 

Chin shang sze 1 }~ fflf to die on 
one's pillow; to die peaceably in 
one's bed. 

Chin pwan J |{|4i the side of the pil- 

982. To stand in a lower 
place and strike at what is 

( 983. t- To sink. (') To 
cause to sink under water. 

Chin shwuy sj ^ to sink in the 

Chin lun to lo & Rtf ?$? to 
sink down to an extremely low state 
of moral depravity, or of uffering 
after death; sometimes uttered as 
an imprecation, in which use, it cor- 
responds to Europeans imprecating 

Chin muh 1 yQf to sink and b 

l i>v 
drowned; to be lost in the water. 

Chin gan 1 ^ to sink, or to sup- 
press a case in any court, for a 
bribe given. 

Chinnelh 1 -S| to link under water. 

984. ' A melon with a 
bluish skin. 

985. True ; truth ; credible ; 
to credit; to believe. A 
man's name. 

986. ' A wine or liquor in 
which a certain poison i> 





Chin lu-u >,, tse 

poisoned and enraged with vine, 
renilert-t! mischievous by intoxication. 

997. Read Yin. Hot. 
Read Tan or Chin, Name 
\ of a plant, otherwise 
called p -j^r Che-moo; 
employed in medicine. 

988. I A certain bone at 
the back of the head or 

989. ' A bone in the bead 
of a fish. . 

990. A -certain bird said 
to eat serpents, which 
renders it poisonous ; its 
* ^ feathers steeped in any 

iJLjV^j I 

II fci liquor are said to form 

mm L "^ 

/ ^Y^Jf J a strong poison. 


drink poison to quench ne's thirst; 
is applied to those who borrow 
money at exorbitant interest in order 
to supply temporary necessities. 

Chinttih ] ^. a deadly poison. 

991. To dig a hole in the 
ground . to pound. A dark 
carnation colour. 

992. t- - To arrange ; to 

put in order, as soldiers 

in their ranks ; ranks ; 

the army; to state in 

order, to spread out and 

-l;i\ In-fore, |>livsi<' ; >Hy or 

A glut of wind, aihower 

of rain. Many; a long time. A 
certain grain, when old ; the front of 
a hall near the door, an ancienl 
name of tin- ra|iit:il of Ho-nan. 
Ijljl Shang chin, To a-cend the ranks, 
to enterthe army, orengage in bailie. 

Chin wang T"I te die fighting in 
the ranks. 

Clii:i lee j 7f|J to arrange ;te put in 

993. Chin, or Chin tun 

the appearance of in- 
sects crawling, unsettled 

994. Clouds; banks of 

995. - A needle ; a Surgeon's 
instrument to probe with; 
formerly made of stone,now 
of -steel ; to probe. A surname. 
Chin yen 'KJ/ "=" piercing words; 
moral truths which probe or prick 
the conscience. 

Chin kwei j ^ ~] Mora i j nstruc . 
Chin keae 1 V; tions deliver- 


ed in pointed language. 
Chin keen Tffi pointed remon- 
strance, addressed tothe Sovereign, 
or Other superiors. 

996. A certain water p'art; 
a certain sour sirrup. 

997. A kind of sword fish. 


999. - A sharp instrument to 
sew with. A needle; to 
prick a* with a needle. A 

man's name. 
Chin slnh || ^j* a c.mstie stone. 

Chin sbflh j jWf the art of cau- 

Chin kew | Jf^ to cauterize with 
a hot iron. 

1000. - An abbreviated form 
oltfce preceding. A needlej 
a pointed instrument. 

Chin fung seangtuy &\" /\& /j;H ^'J- 
a needle and lance opposed to each 
other, two keen and fierce opponents. 

Chin seen j ^ needle and thread. 

Chin tsuy yu | 4j| ^ a *pecies of 
sword fish. 

Chin che ^[[t- needle work of the 
I iilH 

finer ort; embroidering, working 
figurgs, and so on. 

1001. V Natural gems or 
V precious stones. 

998. Chin, or Chints7e j 

ta certain water fowl 

1002. To burn earthern ware; 

* ' orm or mou 'd as tne 

Potter. To search; to ex- 
amine, to brighten; to illustrate. 
Also read Keen. 

Chin pee Jin tsae || $|J ^ ^ 
to examine and discriminate men's 

Chin laou | [f^jl to form ; to mould ; 
to fashion as the Potter; as HeaTen 
forms all things ; and as men mould 
or fashion the characters of others 
by education. 

1003. Name of a plant 
variously denominated ; one 
name is, the pig's head. 





1004. ' In ancient times used 
by all persons indiscri- 
minately for the Pronoun 
I. Two centuries before the 
Christian era, it was employed by 
the first universal monarch of China, 
as the peculiar designation of royalty, 
and has continued so ever since: 
Chin is, /, the Emperor. The seam 
ofagarinent,-or of a skin formed into 

Chin chaou JK ?|J the incipient 
spring^ of. 

1003. The pupil of the eye; 
the incipient principles or 
causes of ; subtle originating 
causes, or incipient operations, are 
called Chin, or Chin chaou flip 
Kang-he uses the -preceding. 

glOOG - Any man who serves 
another; to be subject to ; 
one who has to stoop and 
bend ; which is represented by the 
character. Now used only for state 
servants. A servant in a family of 
distinction; a servant of the crown; 
a statesman. It is modified by the 
words ^Ta, Cretit, and /k Seaoti, 
Small, pctly, preceding it. The mi- 
nisters about the person of the Sove- 
reign are called Ta-chin. Chinese 
'Governors of Provinces, and others 
who are permitted to write to the 
Emperor, use Chin, instead of the 
Personal Pronoun I, to designate 
themselves. The Tartars use 77|7 
TJ- Noo-tsae, A slave. 

Chin tsze [ ^jp- a public servant. 

Chin sze keun Ef .ife jfi & states- 
man icrvei his Prince. 

1007. ' To wipe ; to make 
clean; to give; to bind, as 
by -an agreement. 
Chin sMh Jjji jjP to wipe clean. 

1008. ' A disease which 
causes heat or fever. 

1009. A hill or mountain 
which is high, but small and 
tapering , a kind of peak. 
A surname. A certain edible plant. 
Chin-chin, Mournful; sorry. 

1010 To put out the head 
and peep clandestinely. 

1011. - From a stag and 
earth, The dust thrown up 
by the stag running. In the 
language of the Buddha sect, the 
world ; the age. Dust ; small par- 
ticles of earth or sand; effluvia; 
Traces of a person. A surname. To 
rhyme, rend Chen. Occurs in the 
sense of n\^ Kew, A long time, yffg 
4JK Chin she, The "world ; the present 
state of existence. 4fo I Suh chin, 
Vulgar dust, expresses the same. 

Chinyae J ^or/^j" j Yew chin, 

Hwuj chin |)J^ the dust of ashes. 
1 ' ffift Yth teen chin, A nar- 

*Yi * I 

tide of dust; an atom. 3QE 1 
,.. I 

Wooy'ih chin, Not aparticle of dust: 
mi! an alum. < ~jfc ^ft Yih 

chin pdh yen, Not (oiled by a par- 
ticle of dust. jjjffl Yea chin, 
Smoke and dust. 

Chin woo ViE to defile with dust. 

;jlfj5 I Filh chin, To wipe or brush 

away the dust. jjjf' J Tsing. 

chin, To cleanse from dust, jjf 

Ileaou chin, Noise and dust. -jfj ; - 

Yangchin, Toraise adust, la* 

Saou chin, To sweep away the 

dust. ^ | Sin chin, The dust 

of the heart; used in a bad sense for 

vicious propensities. $j | How 

chin, The traces of a person, left to 

posterity. ^ ^ I Po no " 

chin, Te walk in the footsteps of 

an eminent person gone before. 

Chin hw3 so yen E filr ^" 

L reft in JTZ 

defiled by the seductions of the 

Chin k 2S a dusty vessel. 

1 01 2. *- f The appearance of 
a horse going out at a door; 
to thrust out the head ; to 
bolt suddenly out or in ; to rush 

Chin chilli [^| []] to bolt or rush sud- 
denly out. 

Chin kwan |^|j to bolt past the 

custom house, for the purpose of 

Chin leaou tsin lae ~7 5g ^JV 

bolted in. 
Chin chfih tow ] [Jj j|g to thrust 

out the head. 






Manuscript Dictionaries Ching. Canton Dialect, Ching. 

^ ^ 

1 I 

< ^* 1 ^* 

101S. / From To rest in, or 
maintain, and One; to be 
uniform j^not ambiguous, no 
duplicity. (-) An apartment front- 
ing the light; the name of a bird. 
Name of an office. In the centre or 
middle place ; not inclined to either 
side, not deflected from the straight 
line. The first; the principal; cor- 
rect ; regular; adjusted ; to correct; 
to justify or put in right order; just 
at a given point of time. To exe- 
cute the laws. A surname. 
Ching chthyuj jj f5E correct 

straight forward speech. 
Ching fi \g to execute the laws, 
generally refers to inflicting capital 

Ching le | Bright reason, correct 
Ching ke ] Bright feeling, orspirit, 

a correct virtuous temper of mind. 
Ching kih | }pL~\ A mark at which 
Ching teih ] j^jj J to shoot with an 

Ching she | Jl- accurately is as has 

been described in what precedes. 
Ching tan ho ' |S ^r the regular 

cargo of a ship. 
Ching t5ng j ^ the principal officer. 

in contradistinction from an assis- 

Ching tsin lae she j| ?fe Q:fe 
just when he came in. 

Ching tsung | Correctandho- 

Ching king AS norable ; of 
the correct and sacred books ; are ap- 
plied to a person's conduct, denoting 
that it is moral. Immoral is expressed 
by ~7^ Pdh, before these. 

Ching, tsung 1 vJP when two persons 
are of the same rank, but still one has 
a precedence of the other, the first 
is called Ching, and the second Tsung, 

Ching yth pin I pp the first of 
the first rank. 

Ching yaou tsae win | J|*J. ^. ^ 
just whilst wanting to repeat the 
question or ask over again. 
Ching yuS H the first moon or 
month of the year. 

1014. Ching kung keu 
hing maou /( [ W^ ||f| t-r 
^[| Ching kung, denotes 

Appearing to walk in haste ; agitated ; 


1015. A woman's Dame. 



1016. A mark at which to 
shoot with an arrow. 

1017. - To walk; to go; to 
mark ; to take ; to spy ; to 
subj ugate ; to conquer or re- 
duce to subjection, as a punishment. 
A surname. 

Ching tseaou /<] fejj to reduce and 
exterminate; to subjugate and des- 
troy enemies. 

Ching che j ~/ to reduce or con- 

1018. To walk; to go. 

1019 Ching, or Ching chung 
fear ; apprehension. 



1020. Ching y5 
rapid motion of dame. 

1021. / To serve; to render a 
kind of tributary service to 
the government; to be ruled 
or governed. To regulate ; to rule } 
government. The seven planets are 
called Seven Ching. A surname. 





Ching hwSn chu | ft ^j want 
of discernment and order in the acts 
of government. 

Ching che sewkeu j| ]$ jg g| 
every thing perfectly well arranged 
in the government. 

Ching ling j ^ the order* of 

Ching sze j I& the affairs of govern- 
ment; politics. Good government 
is called /fc; | Jin ching; Cruel 
tyrannical government is called jSj'j' 
I Kuh ching. To talk of politics 
is called fjm I Lun ching. 


Chirgte j ffi the matter or subject 
of government; the rules of govern- 

1082 The ornamental har- 
ness of a carriage horse. 

1023, Disorder; a diseased 
tate of mind or body. jyFj 

The disease of madness. 

Ching chung | ^ a disease which 
consists in the loss of memory. 

Ching heaou ,j ^ disease,- com- 
plaint; d isorder. 

_. 1024. N To remonstrate with ; 


by evidence. 
Ching keu ] ^fe to be evidence. 

Ching keen j l|l to witness. 
Ching jin ' ^ a witness. 

Ching ming | 0H to state clearly on 
evidence in one's own behalf. 

Ching shih j '{>? to bear witness to 
the fact; to witness against. 


to bear witness to ; to prove ; 
3 J to verify; to substantiate 


1025. -To walk regularly and 

/>-- 1026. - A kind of bell or 
"T 1 1" other jingling instrument 


^ used in armies to make 

certain signals. A certain part of 
a hell. 

Ching koo aj o& the bell and the 
drum ; the first is a signal to rest, 
or desist; the last is a signal to 
move, or act. 

102T. - A certain bird; a 
species of the eagle or hawk. 

1028. ' From to strike, to 
bind, and to adjust. To 
repair; to put in order ; to 

adorn, or ornament. 
Ching che 1 Yp to repair, as roads, 
bridges, and so on. 

Ching sfih Jg Ijfp" pompous, stately, 
grave, serious deportment. 

Ching tse j 7>K to put away things 
in regular order; to adjust one's 

1029. - A statement, or 
exposition of any case in 
the form of a petition ; to 

present a petition to ; to offer up to 
a superior. A surname. 
Ching kung Ig Ig to petition against. 

Ching ming HH to state clearly 
any case, to a friend or to the go- 

Ching shang p_ to present up to ; 

to lay before a superior. 

Ching tsze j -{* a petition. 

Ching vug ' M to present to in 
order to be revised. 


1030. To walk on a bye 
path ; foot path to walk on 
after rain. 

1031. A bye path. 

1 v-^fr 1032. Ching, or 
I "|i* Ching heuen, The intention 
I or mind not fully laid open; 

anxious, mournful. 

103S. - A certain small 
measure, ten hairs make a 
Ching ; a decimal part of 
a rule ; a pattern ; a mea- 
sure; a. limit; a road or 
path ; to travel on a road 
or path. Name of a ci ty ; a surname. 
Chang ching ^ ] rules and regu- 
lations, -jfa j Tseen-ching, prefer- 
ment; promotion; prosperous cir- 

Ching too yewyuen ^j? ]& 5 *& 
the road is vsutly long; the distance 
is great. 

Ching soo ] | a certain decima| 
part; the part of a debt paid by a 
person who becomes bankrupt 

J Yth ching, One tenth, ^f j 
Woo ching, Fire tenths, &c. 

103*. A certain valuable 
stone, such as the Chinese 
wear at their girdles, as 

1035. Ching-ching Rg t 
to look; to examine; anx- 
ious; the mind oppressed. 





1036. A certain species of 
bamboo or reed. A mat 
made of reeds, on which 

the Chinese of former times sat and 
ate their meals. 

1037. Ching or Lo-^hing 
XJU *f naked ; disrobed in 
a rude barbarous manner. 

A girdle worn round tke waist; to 
wear at the girdle. 

, , j; 1038. High minded and 
presuming; thrusting one's 
self forward; seizing or 
availing one's self of; precipitate; 
alacrity; pleased with; to penetrate 
or extend to; to carry to the extreme 
limit; a careless dissipated manner 
of acting is called ^ ^f? Pfih- 
Ching yih she keen teth fun noo 

1 -BJ rafta*** 

act on a fit of passion. 

1039. Partially roused from 
a fit of intoxication ; slightly 
come to one's senses after 
being intoxicated; the sorrow and 
vexation which is felt on recovering 
from a degrading state of drunk- 

1040. f Provisions ; victuals. 

1041. From Pdh, To divine, 
and IVi, A kiud of jicarl 
ihell. To enquire by di- 
vination. Name of one of the Kwa. 
Chaste-; correct in morals; pure; 
uncorruptcd; not depraved ; firmly 

tenacious of correct principles and 
conduct ^ j|f] Show tse'JS, To 
remain a widow during life. 
Ching tse? J^ $n correct, chaste, 
strict moral conduct. 

1042. - To enquire. A spy ; 
a servant to watch the 
motion of the enemy. 
Ching sze ] -fgj or ffi "j Yew 
ching, all express the same. A spy 
is otherwise called flj ft; Se US, 
and Rfl |^ Keen iei. 

1043. - A woman's name. 

1044. Name of a man, 
which occurs in ancient 

^ history. 

1045. -- To lead ; to draw. 

104S. - The name of a tree, 
otherwise called -if i 
New-ching, An evergreen. 
Ching kan I }& planks between 
which mud is placed in the forma- 
tion of walls ; the two side planks 
are called Kan. 

1 047. - Name of a ri 

k 1048. - From Clung, Pure 
"Trrr|.rfc and uncorrupt ; and She, A 
/ JVJrV manifestation of heaven. 
A favorable prognostic; a manifes- 
tation of Heaven's approbation of 
Ching tseang jjjfcj jcta felicitous omen. 

1049. C Unable to sell ; un- 

1050. t A carnation 
colour j twice dyed; a 
change of colour; ex- 
treme toil and labour, 
which idea, they say, 
arises from a fish's tail 
becoming reddish by 
toil, and the human hair 

1051. t. Same as JS Ching, 
To explore. 

1053. Name of a place. 

1053. Name of a certain hill 

1054. Two men supporting 
with the hands. Original 
form of the following. A 


1 055. - To be second to ; 
to second ; to aid ; to 
help ; an assistant ; a 
helper ; an assistant in of- 
fice. To receive or pre- 
sentto. JjPTJvFoo shing 
To support. 1 iB 

Ching seang, A minister 
of state was so called under 
the Ming dynasty. lIM 
Hi-en thing, A second officer or 

assistant in a IJceu district. ffa 





Chung ching, A certain officer 
of considerable rank in the stale, who 
has the privilege of writing t the 
Emperor. _|^ 1 Shang ching, and 
fa 1 Shaou ching, Names of stars. 
Ching hing kung J ^J"^ the head 
clerks who drew up papers in the 
inferior public offices. SeeflKKaou. 

1 056. To fly ; to raise high ; 
to assist. 

1057. Walking in an irregu- 
lar manner. 

1058. ^ To deliver ; to res- 
cue ; to raise up ; to as- 

Ching kew 
ver; to 

p Ching ke yu 
shwuy ho che chung, To 
save from the midst of 
water or fire; figuratively 
to save from any calami- 
ty; to save the people 
from national calamities 
by defending the coun- 
try from foreign invasion. 

/JyC ' rescue > to deli- 

1 059. Ching, or Tseen ching 

/H '<& to P ut u "der water ; 
to sink. 

1060. Hot vapour; a cer- 
tain sacrifice in winter. 

1061. Hot vapour. Used 
/Jf^ also for the following. 

to boil rice, 
to boil pears. 

^ . 

vpq to distil spirituous 


106S. - Vapour ascending 
from fire; to apply fire to 
any liquid; to warm or 
heat; to boil; to decoct; to distil. 
To send ; a Prince ; to advance ; to 
flourish. A multitude; dust caused 
by a wind. To place or put down. 
A winter sacrifice. To debauch supe- 
riors. An expletive, occurring in 
the commencement of a sentence. 
'Mfl T^f- 7J5 Shwang ching tsew, 
Double distiled spirituous liquor. 

Ching cha 1 j2fc to boil tea. 

Ching chang 1 'ii sacrifices in win- 
ter and autumn. 

Ching fan I 
Ching le ] 

Cbing tsew j 

Ching urh wei yu ] jffl ^ "p^ va- 
pours collected /rom rain. 

Ching yu 1 4& to boil fish. 

1063. To strike. 

1 064. Ching, or (pj |E Kuh 
ching, disease or aching of 
the bones. 

1065. A certain species of 

1066. - A kind of torch; the 
stalk of hemp of which a 
torch may be made; to as- 
cend as vapour. Used in several of 
the senses of & Ching. f t 1 A 

>(> 8 L J * 

warm, or hot vapour. 

Ching ching jTh shang /j j H 
daily rising higher and higher, better 
and better ; said of the usages of the 
people, and of the progress of learn- 

Ching, sin J Sfr Ching, expresses 

Fuel of a finer sort; Sin, common 

1067. Ching, or Ching ying 
gTa 4fa words boiled and 
served up again; tedious 

1063. To fill a tripod 
used in sacrifice, with the 
flesh of the victim: a ves- 
sel without feet, filled in 
the same manner, is ex- 
pressed by gy Tsae. 

1069. Boiled fully or ma- 
turely. Ching tuy jjg 
jjj^a well boiled leg of 

1070. The feet. 

1071. To ascend the hind- 
er part of an open car- 
riage, where one can se 
all around. 



. Sme as IS Ching. 





1073.. A yellow colour. 

1074. To assist in perfecting; 
to finish; to perfect; to 
effect j to complete ; to be 
come that which is good and fit 
for use ; things to be done in the clay, 
month or vcar ; that which is well and 
properly done. To level or adjust; 
a complete piece of music. Name 
of a district; a surname. 

Ghing sze tsae teen RU 2S ^ ^^ 
to give success to, or perfect any 
work, remains with Heaven ; it is 
not in man's power. 

Ching jin die mei A / ^ 
to assist people in affecting their 
virtuous purpose; or 1 . h A? 
3p. Ching jin haou sze.. 

Ching-kung 1 2fs to become a void ; 
to be annihilated. 

Ching-kelh-sze-ko-han ] ^ J^ 
pT y^p Genghisk'han the great Tar- 
tar conqueror. 

Ching-te *trf the Emperor who 
reigned when our SAVIOUR appeared 
in Judea. 

Ching yuen yin tsze J | _ j ','" fijl) 
<Q| J- whole dollars. See fo& Suy. 

thing ta yu j ^ |$j became a 
great scholar. 

Ching too [ ^jjthe capital of Sze- 

chuen Province. 
Ching tsew. 1 TJ> to. assist in ef 

feeling, whether it be good or bad. 
Ching kung Z/J to effect a 

meritorious work. 

Ching jin y\, to act as becomes 

a human being, and not as a brute. 

Clung die, ching chung 1 TT& 
#& that which ends well, and has 
had a good beginning; all well 

Ching leaou "7 finished ; com- 

pleted; brought to a successful 
termination or conclusion. 

Ching puh ke i ~jf\ j& unable to 
effect, or to complete. 

Ching keaou ] -^^ deciding on a 
commercial transaction, finishing a 

> 1075. From Too, Earth, 
and Ching, Formed ; perfect- 
ed. The wall of a town ; 
a walled town or city. A surname. 

'ft 3$C Hwa ' cnm S> Converted to 
a city ; occurs in the books of 
Buddha. j^J pj ] #[ v El |P 
Nuy yue ching ; wae yue kS, With- 
inside is called Ching ; without is 
called K3 ; the city and the suburbs. 
J3 Hwang ching, The imperial 
city ; denotes that space which is 
enclosed within the city of Peking, 

around the Imperial palace. 1& 1 

I J J 

Sang ching, The metropolis of a 
pro-vincc. J m" ^ 1 Kwang- 
tung sing ching, The city of Canton. 
^ Ching jin, The battlements 
on the wall of a city. I iU 

Ching kan, or. '[ |jjp Ching ke, 
The foot of the wall ofacity. 1 Ml 
Ching che, The ditch or moat which 
surrounds the wall of a city. 

le chang 
The city wall a thousand le in length, 

is the famous Chinese Great wall. 
Chin rhingjjfg a growing city ; 
it a phrase applied to those princes 
of ancient times, who by assumption 
aggrandized the limits assigned them 
by the Emperor. The expression 
alludes to a child's gradually increas- 
ing in size. jff J Ho ching, 
Fire city, denotes a vast collection 
of lights. jjj I Sze ching, A 
certain officer. TJJJX I CMh ching, 
and jfff 1 Chih ching, A certain 
mountain. SX f}n Q -ffi 
Moo te yne Kea ching, The place 
of a tomb is called Kea-ching, a 
happy city. To rhyme, read Chang. 

1076. A hill. 

1077. To contain, m a house; 
that which is contained in 
a house. 

1078. A kind of cupboard or 
press, in which to keep- 

107?. A certain valuable 

1080. The bricks or tiles 
connected with the pillar 
of a house. 

^J 1081. Ching or ghing. The 
grain to be offered up to 
*** the god placed in its ap- 
propriate vessels; name of a vessel; 
to receive or contain as. a vessel of 
vast capacity; to put into; filled full. 
[ /] Affluent; luxuriant ; exuberant 





foliage; abundant; plentiful, copious; 
excellent; good in the highest 
degree; flourishing; prosperous. To 
guard off, or guard against. See 

Ching tsew %jfc '/J5j to fill with wine; to 
pour out into cups. 

1082. Ching kwang ^ 'jj[ 

an instrument, or utensil 
iisi'd in weaving. 

1083. To form by weaving. 

1084. Without gurle; with- 
*~ z^ i^ 

">^/lit out admixture; of one mind; 

sincere; true; honest; sin- 
cerity; truth. 

Ching shih =|Ji *? true and real ; sin- 
cere; without deceit or fraud. 

Ching sin tsae hoo jin | J|*\ ~ff_ ^ 
J{ sincerity of mind depends upon 
a man himself. 

Ching ning tung wfih i rig BJ|J uffl 
sincerity can influence, move, or 
excite all nature. 

* . 

1085. A certain plant, or 

plants generally. 

1086. The name of n an- 
cient state or nation. A 

1087. Name of a hilly region. 

1088. The neck. 


1089. Name of a bird. 


1090. Ancient forms of 
the following. 

* Jj| 1091. '- Te induce incipi- 
ent action ; to set in motion 
the hidden spring of action ; 
to act ; to do ; to inflict ; to witness ; 
to make manifest what internally 
exists; to prove the truth of some- 
thing preceding by the fulfilment of 
what was expected, as of hopes 
founded on prayer to the Gods ; the 
fulfilment of a prediction. Evi- 
dence ; to enquire after, or call for; 
to gather together ; aim at or seek 
some end. A surname. Yew ching 
^T fex P osse59 ' n g evidence. Woo 

ching HE I without any proof. 
> i 

Ching chaou 1 Q I An invitation 

Ching ling ] fy) or < M from 
the Sovereign for men of talent and 
virtue to come forward to serve the 

Ching choo shoo ruin H^f tfc H 
to afford a proof to the people ; i. e. 
a proof of the existence of virtue, 
by practicing it one's self. 

Ching ptfh ] Jpf^l To invite to 
Ching ping 1 TO! I come with 

much formal civility, presents being 

scut with the invitation. 

Ching slilli I 'f'j ! a thing proved, 
as an essay supported by Classical 

Chingyen I "^completion; accom- 

1092, To form, to regulate, 
to stop, or cause to desist ; 
to repress ; to caution ; to 
warn ; to correct. 

Ching chwang tii kfe to repress what 
is vicious or irregular, by reprehend- 
ing or chastising. 

Ching fun cMh y5 I ^ ^ ^C 
to repress anger, and restrain vi- 
cious desires. 

1093. Ching, or* 
kee, A disease of the ab. 
domen, a kind of cholic. 

1094. Still pure water; 
cleur; limpid. Same as 
$& Ching. 

1095. Name of an ancient 

1096. A Ching or Shiug. 
A cart or carriage drawn 
by one or more horses , 
pairsof things are expres- 
ed by Shing; also things 
in fours. In ancient times, 
eight hundred families 
furnished to government 
one war chariot and a 
horse ; three men in armour, and 
twenty two foot soldiers; hence, 
Tse'en thing che kwS -p ^ j 
0$ a nation with a thousand cha- 





riots of war, which was considered 
a great nation, contained eight hun- 
dred thousand families 

Read [ -] To ascend a carriage; 
to mount a horse ; to embrace an 
opportunity j to avail one's elf of. 
jfr ] Chiy chinj, A carriage. 

Ching hing j ^ to feel elevated ; 

Ching kea | ^{| to ascend a horse 

or carriage. 
Ching ma Jjf| to mount a horse ; 

or read Ching, [ /] Four horses. 

Ching she I -4^ four arrows; has 
a reference to an ancient story. 

Ching she .' fjjj: to avail one's self 
of a favorable time. 

Ching she ^1 to avail one's self 
Ching ke 1 ire [ of an opportu- 
nity, as it respects circumstances. 
Ching yu j Js. to ride, in a carriage. 

J 097. A ridge or dike in the 
midst of Chinese fields, 
which serve to divide 
tkem, and also as a path 
for the husbandmen to 
walk on. 

1088. A path for water. 

1099. Overplus ; remain- 
der. See Shing. 

It 1100. ' The name of a hill. 

1101. A simple silly ap- 

1102. Words rapidly enun- 

1103. A cart or carriage; 
a kind of assistant one. 

110*. To raise ; to elevate. 

1105. ' From Grain, 
which is used with various 
terms denoting measur- 
ing. To measure; to 
weigh; to adjust; to be 
adjusted to one's wishes ; 
corresponding to each 
other; suitable; the mind 
gratified or satisfied with. 
To speak about ; to deno- 
minate; a designation, 
or name. 

' To say; to declare; to itate 

verbally ; to compliment ; to praise ; 

to commend. A surname. ^g| 

jS Tung ching, A general designa- 
tion or name. Q | Jal ^ Q 
tjjji "o Tsze ching ke foo yuiS Kea- 
foo, To designate one's own father is 
done by the term Kea-foo. 

Ching cha 1 ifc. to weigh teas. 

Ching hoo \& to designate in 
complimentary phrase ; the terms 
proper for complimentary address. 

Ching jin e J J\^ iff to suit peo- 
ple's wishes. 

Ching jin che foo, yue Ling-tsun 

compliment a person's father, or to 
.call him by a courteous epithet, is 
done by the term Ling-tsun. 

Ching jin A to praise other 


Ching ke 1 p to praise one's self. 

Cbing 'kung Jj/J to tell of one's 
meritorious deeds. 

Ching ming 1 ^ to tell one's name. 

Ching ping | jfJf ! To plead, or 

Ching tseTh I j& j make a pre- 

text of sickness. 

Ching seen | || -j To praise . to 
Ching tsan ] 3$ j commend ; 

Ching taou I ^1 to say; to 
Ching shwS 1 f^ ''a 16 ; l > de- 
clare ; to speak well of. 

Ching yang j ijy! to exalt; to 
Ching keu ] J^j. laud; to praise. 





Chingwuh king chung | 

to weigh whether things be light or 

1106. To commend) to 
praise ; to exalt. 

1107. A woman's name. 

1108. Ching-ching j|| ljjjj| 
a simple, stupid, silly ap- 

1109. Ching, or Keu-ching 

a certain plant. 

1110. Ching, or 
Ling ching, To walk as if 
sick or lame; to walk as if 


f^ 1111. Still pure water; clear, 

Ching ts'mg ^ fif clear, pure, limpid. 
Ching keang ] t a pure river of 
water ; a clear stream. 

1112. Evenness or com- 
posure ef mind. 

1113. Rice black and spoiled. 

1114. To witness; to ve- 
rify by evidence ; to con- 
front) to substantiate. 

1115. From Tree and Shing, 
Intuitive knowledge. A 
river willow ; a willow which 
grows by the side of a river,and whose 
bark is of a reddish colour. It ex- 
hibits some unusual sensibility to 
the approach of rain, from which 
circumstance it has derived its name. 
The name of a place. 

1116. A species of oyster of 
an oval figure. 

1117. To praise. Ching-ching, 
To caution ; to warn. 

1118. To praise j to com- 

1119. Ching or Shing, A 
cord; a string; a rope; a 
line stretched; to make a 
straight mark ; to cause to conform 
to the straight line, in a moral sense; 
to warn; to restrain; to restrict; 
continued as by a line, not discon- 
nected. Occur* denoting To praise 
or commend. ^ |jj|j Ydh ching, 
The name of a star. 

Ching ching * many; a multi- 

tude ; a great number of. 

Ching fS "-l^ royal law or restric- 

Ching ke j Q to restrain one' elf 
from any irregularity ; to bind one' 
self by the laws of decorum and 
moral propriety. 

Ching mlh I ||B string and iuk, a 
Chinese Carpenter's marking line; 
he uses black ink. 

Ching Isze 1 -^ a string or cord. 

Ching jia 1 ^ to point out the liii* 
of duty by instruction ; or to enforce 
it by authority. 

1120. A surname. 

1121. Small fish. 

1122. To raise up; to rescue; 
to deliver. See M Ching. 

1133. Many; a great num- 

1 124. To walk ; run or press 
straight forward; a horse 
running straight forward 
at full speed. 

1125. Ancient form of the 






Manuscript Dictionaries Owand Tcha. Often confouaded with Ttii, and with Tt&h. Canton Dialect, Cheok. 

1126. Formed from the 
reverse side of ,4 Chth, 
To step with the left foot. 
According to Shw8-wan, ChS, denotes 
To stop a little. According to others, 
To step with the right foot, which 
joined with ChTh, makes the charac- 
ter ^T Hing, To walk. 

^^ 1127. To erect; to erect firm- 

y"T'* ly ; establish ; raised high ; 

eminent; lofty and stable; 

^.j* -j3~ _- 

distant. A surname. ^JJ /jjg Spl. 
j Chaou keun chQ leTh, Raised su- 
perior to all. vfej 1 Chaou chS, 

r^f^ i 

To give preeminence to ; superemi- 

- M 9 4 1 Y - 

koo Knng che ch8, Yen delighted 
in the lofty and difficult doctrines of 

Ch8 chuy woo te che jin | $ft j{| 
Jl|j ~y A a man without land 
enough in which to stick an awl. 

Ch5 e 1 S. an honorary title be- 
stowed by the recommendation of 
governors on able officers at Quin- 
quennial examinations. 

Ch5 tseuS ff5l to surpass others 

I /H I 

ChS yue ] jj$ J in talents; ex- 
ternal figure ; address or goodness. 

ChS leih 1 ]Jr t o erect ; to establish ; 
erect ; upright ; morally correct. 

1128. Great ; lofty ; bright ; 
manifest. 4E>. ;/ffir gE? jM 
ChS pe yun han, Clear and 

extensive as the Milky Way. /ft 

I -^"' Hi Yew ch5 ke taoll> There 
is a large open road. 

1 1 29. Same as the preceding. 
Also, the appearance of 
many mouths. Read SS, 

Many voices. Read Chaou, p4 j 
Chaou-chaou, The voices of birds. 

1130. ChS-yS 
a handsome and delicate 

1131. Luminous; splendid; 

1132. The name of a certain 
wood ; a table, /gf Jtp. E- 
chS, A kind of table or stand. 

ChS tsze ] ? a table. 

ChS tsze shang 1 -7- _h. on ll)c tallle - 

chS tsze shang meen, Place n the 


1133. Commonly used for 
table. Considered also the 
same as ChS. 

113k The matter of fire; 
light; clear; luminous. 

^ J. 1135. ChS-yS ^ Jft sup- 
"^ . *CTf p'e ; weak ; delicate. It 
is used with several other 

characters. Read Naou, Mire ; miry ; 

the name of a stream. A surname. 

Read Chaou, Concord ; harmony. 

1136. A fierce strong dog. 

1 1 37. ChS or Chaou, A kind of 
basket for taking fish with. 

1138. Clearness of sight. 

1139. Slow; leisurely. 

ChSyS, Weak, delicate. 

1140. A certain articulate 
sound, which is denominated 
fattf yE" |Wi Cliuen she hoo, 
Articulating, or enunciating, with 


a turn of the tongue ; such as the 
jfitfr Lo, and J1B>! Loo, i. e. Ro and 
Jloo, of the Buddhists and Tartars ; 
by which it would appear that the 
Muud referred to, i* that of the 
letter II. 

!^ i""*/ 1141. A. man's name. 

Q V- '42. Ch5, or ]$ ^ Chin 
l-tpr ch5, An unusual extraor- 
dinary appearance; not 
constant and regular. Chin chS 

B I not making progress. 

1 1 43. Struck with alarm ; 
walking or going to a 
great distance, remote; 
distant; high. Read 
Chaou, To over-step, to 

1144. A horse making little 
or no progress. 

H45. Long hair. 

1146. To take or pour out, 
as with a spoon ; a certain 
spoon or bowl for lifting 

liquids. To contains small quantity. 

Name of an ancient piece of music. 

A certain exercise; a surname. 

^J 7JC ~Z. % Yth chSshwHyche 
to, As much as a ChS (or spoonful) of 
*ater. ^ | LowchS, A wooden 
bowl, or large spoon with holes, to 

WRT. II. i 


lift the solids and admit the liquids 

to flow out. 

CM implies to take r adopt, -^ 

j|J jjji -rff ChS seen tsoo che 
taou yay, To adopt or follow up the 
principles or doctrine* of the an- 
cient fathers. |8| j Woo chS, A 
kind of exercise which consists in 
brandishing weapons, and throwing 
one's, self into various attitudes. 

1 147. A go between in mak- 
""" V ing marriage alliances; to 
consult about uniting two 

1148. A plank ; a plank for 
crossing a stream. ChS-yS 
fc\ z\ a shooting star. 

1149. The noise of dashing 
against water. The name 
of'a stream ; and of a place. 

1150. Strong; robust 

^ 1 1 5 1 . To burn ; to cauterize ; 
/^**f to 'Humine; to make iplen- 
T did. 

ChS chS a splendid luminous 

appearance ; glorious. 
ChS gae fun tung yO ^J" /rN 3B5 

cauterizing himself to share the pain 

(with his brother.) 

1152. ChS, or ChS ke <f& 

y\ >J 

nr; a kind of cover, to 
keep the rain offa carriage. 

1153. Name of a plant. 



115*. Name of an animal 
like a leopard. 

1155. ChS, or ChS yS "5^ 
JjjjS a. medicine, well known 
in China. 

1156. A single garment; 
I cool clothes ; short garment! 
which leave the legs at 

1157. To pour out and fill 
other vessels ; to deliberate ; 
to consult ; in order to device 
the best means ; the name of * place. 
Cl>5 e I nil to con ult, to devise. 
ChS tsew ||^ yg to pour out wine, 
to fill another vessel with. 

1158. ChSorTeTh. A black 
-j or red spot put on the face 
intentionally by females. 

1159. To strike with the 
bill; to peck. A bird 
eating; to pick up food 
with the beak ; to peck. 
Also read Chow, in the 
same sense. "ffti 

mang urh shih che, Bowed the head, 
pecked flies and eat them. 
PS chS |U (^ to knock, at at a door. 

ChosS | JH to peck grains of millet. 
ChS moh neaoa | yj^ & a wood- 
pecker. To rhyme, read T8h. 

II SO. To ttrike; to push 





1161. To strike; to push; 
to cut or pierce wood. 

1162. A punishment which 
consists in depriving of the 
parts of generation, or 

otherwise mutilating the body. 

11 63. Flowing down in 
drops; to strike. Name of 
a stream and of a district. 

1164. To work stones or 
gems ; to cat ; to carve. To 
choose; to select. 

ChS yuh ching ke ^ ^ )j ^ 
to cut a stone and form it into some 
utensil for use or ornament. 

ChB mo 1 li to cut and rub a stone ; 
used to denote employing labour 
upon any thing, particularly on the 
style of written composition. 

ChSteaou | ^f T to cut and 

ChS teaou ( KK j ca^e, or dress 
up a stone. 

ChB win w~ to cut and adorn with 
engraved lines. 

1165. Name of an ancient 

1166. Chu orChfih. Sores 
on the hands and feet caused 
by cold. 

1167. To strike, as with a 

1168. To cut; to engrave; 
to carve ; to cut into pieces 
or slices. 

1169. To attack with 
words j to state or tell to. 
To reprehend; to blame; 
to rail at ; to slander ; to vilify. 

1170. ChS, or Ma cha 
$jjfa a certain horse insect. 

1171. To skip or leap. 

1)72. To eat, a kind of 

1173. A hill. 

1174. The tail of a dragon. 

1175. Name of a river. 

Tttth. 1176. The fotl; 
dent quantity; to supply what it 

1177. Near, short, closes 
urgent, pressing. See Tsuh. 

1178. ChS or Tsnh, To 
prosecute; to lay hold of; 
to grasp ; to catch ; to seize ; 
to reprehend. 

ChS choo $t'f to seize and hold fast. 

ChS hwS j <ra| to catch; to seize as 
a criminal. 

ChS keen | 

ChS na | 

ChS neih j 

ChStsih ] 

5 to catch an adulterer, 
to take hold of; to 

| to grasp ; to seize 
to catch a thief. 

1179. ChS, or repeated 
ChS-cbS, Discreet, re- 
spectful, correct manner 

1180. Sediment ; dregs ; that 
which sinks to the foot or 
bottom. Han-chS ^^ 3Z 
name of a person mentioned in his- 

1181. ChS or Chuh, Class; 
series; arranged in order. 

1182. A cup or other vessel 
of the kind. 

1183. ChS or Chuh, A small 

1184. ChSchS, A slow 
drawling pace, as if diseas- 
ed in some way. 

1 185. To fetter the feet ; an 
iron instrument for delving. 

1 186. ChS or TsS, Noise made 
by 4b.e teeth against each 
other; the grinding of the 
teeth ; gnashing the teeth, expref - 


sive of the pressure of some difficulty, 
which is also denoted by ftS fcj 

11 ST. An utensil for catching 
fish j to take by piercing or 
sticking into ; to strike ; to 
harpoon ; to push. 

1188. Disquietude of mind. 

1189. To deprive of the 
parts of generation as a 
punishment ; to mutilate 

the body. 

1190. A name of a person 
famous in history, is ftD ij^j 

1191. Name of a plant. 

1192. A kind of small bell 
used in the army for making 

3&Teik. 11 98. A pheasant. 

1194. To pluck up; to select 

jL^/jLL f rom > to raise ; to promote ; 

V 1 1~- to employ in office; to 

lead; to induce; to excite. 
ChS yung j|| KJ to raise and employ 
in the government. 

1195. To wound, hurt, or 
inj ure any thing with a bam- 

1196. SS-ch5 jjjjjf |j| a cer- 
tain plant with five leaves. 


1197. A fat and sleek ap- 
pearance; an oily shining 
appearance, such as is exhi- 
bited by well fed animals. 

1198. A certain animal like 
a monkey, of a yellow co- 

1199. A certain animal of 
the monkey specie* ; a kind 
of small frog. 

1200. Ch-chS, A heavy rain. 

1201. A wild fowl with a 
long tail; a pheasant 

; 1 202. To place ; to cause 
to take effect ; to order ; 
to command; to strike 
at ; a command or order. 
Following Verbs, shews 
their action, or their tak- 
ing effect ^ & 
Ch5 keih, To become 
impatient ; anxious ; the 
mind in a hurried flutter- 
ed state, not knowing what to do. 
ChSlS 1 3$ being placed ; arranged ; 
the responsibility, or obligation to pay, 
fixed en some individual, or class of 
persons; whe exactions of the 
government offices are thus settled, 
they are said, Yew/ff To have CM- 
Kan ch5 to look at. 

1203. A surname. 

CHO 79 

1204. To place near to. 

1205. To split or rend. 

1206. To skip; to hop; to 
run in an irregular man- 

1207. To cut or hew: to 

1208. To chop or hew. Bead 
Tow, A small orifice. 

1809. To cut; to part; 
to hew. 

1210. To cut off, to cut 
across, or cut down, with 
a knife or sword; to 
chop ; to hew. 

1811. Name of stream of 



1212. Garment! reaching to 
the ground. 

1213. A kind of axe or 


1814. ChS, or lf& ||j( 
Tsang-chS, Silk cord at- 
tached to an arrow or dart 
to shoot at birds and draw 
the arrow back again. 


Ch5 jaou |S Winding about; 

wound round. 

1215. An utensil for washing 
rice and permitting the 
water to run off; a kind of 


Manuscript Dictionaries Choo. In some cases confounded with Taoo-. Canton Dialect, Cheu. Eu, ame as in tfie 

French word Peu. 

121C. A point , a slop. That 
^ which denotes a stop. The 

flame of a lamp. Borrowed 
to denote J Choo, that which il- 
lumines and directs; A lord or 

-^ 1217. In the religious books 

v of Foh, used for fa E, A 

pronoun, He, she, it, they. 

Also, the form of ~K Hea, Below, 

in the Running hand. 

1818. The flame in the midst 
of a lamp. That which gives 
light and direction ; A Sover- 
eign ; a lord ; a master. The princi- 
pal ; the chief. Read as a Verb, To 
rule ; to govern; to direct; to con- 
sider as the principal or chief. ^ 
- Kea choo, The master of a 
house. yV I Jin choo, ||y J Kw5 

-y^ 4 -Hf 

ehoo, ;|y | Keun choo, j -J- 
Choo tsze, The Sovereign of a 

country, j^g | She cboo, A per- 
son who gives a donation to a religi- 
ous house. JS ] Gin choo, A 
benefactor. ^ j Chae choo, A cre- 
ditor. S^ j>j= | Shwuy US choo, 
Who acts as master . who controls ? 
| Choo, the Deity, in the lan- 
guage of Chinese Mahommodans. 
The Romish Missionaries use ^^ 1 
Teen choo, The Lord of Heaven, to 
denotes the Supreme Being. 

Jj*J | Teen choo, An innkeeper. 
Zji j Tse choo, The person who 
presides in offering sacrifice. JJw | 
Heen choo, A magistrate of a district. 
ff\ ] Kung choo, A Princess. _ 
/fc I Shangkung choo, The sisters 
of the Emperor. ^ _t ^ 
Ta shang kung choo, The Emperor's 
aunt H I Tsze choo, to direct 
one's self personal liberty. ^Jj ^* 
jSfr jM J Wopnhkanchuenchoo, 

I dare not assume the control. -f|? 


'fife $J I jdi she ta teih ch c * 

rti, his win. ^7^1^ 1 ^ 

Jin ping, ne choo e, You may have 
your own will. ^ ^ | ^ ^ 
Jlj^ Yew ko choo e tsae tsze, Here is 
a plan, I recommend this method. 
j|^ | Shin choo, A tablet in family 
temples, with the name of the de- 
ceased inscribed on it. ! If he' has beld- 
am official situation, the name of his 
office is inscribed before bis own. 

rr^ | 

^ [ Wei choo, To be, or to be 
considered the chief or principal. 

Chooche j ^4 to govern, to regulate. 

Choo the I ii to have the controul 
in one's own hand, to have the ma- 
nagement of. 

Choo chang t^| a plan of proceed- 
ing or management existing in one's 
mind ; to manage. 

Choo e | ia" the decision ; the will ; 
a plan. 

Choo foo ij 4 a double surname. 





Choo gaou | IS. to sit in retirement. 

Chookoo I /^ a patron, a protector. 

Choo ling W to order. 

Choo j in J\^ the opposite of guest. 

Choojin yl a master. 

ChoojTh 1 the Lord's day, or the 
chief day; is used for Sunday by the 
Catholics in China. 

Choo moo -ff a mistress. 
I rr 

Choo pS ffm an assistant officer 

in a Hcen. 
Choo paou n)jE to protect, or ad- 

Tocate the cause of another. 
Choo show I ^P to keep ; to guard ; 

to protect. 
Choo she ] jjj? to order or direct as 

a master. 


Choo tsae 

to rule, to control. 
Choo e puh tsae wo II? ^\ ^ 
;Jj& thedccision does not rest with me. 

^ ^ 1219. To halt; to stop; to 
A I erect; to withstand; to 

j - I dwell. A surname. IB 
& Hj$ Ting choo ke, To stop 
the foot; to cease from walking. 
fi# ^qrr Lew choo. To detain. 3? 
I Sih choo, To stop up an aper- 

Choo show < 31 to stop the hand ; 
i. e. to cease from working or doing 
anything. %> $. j J p 
Hwuh jen choo leaou kow, Suddenly 
stopped the mouth; i. e. eras- din 
speak. ^ $$ ^ Te te?h 
puh choo, Unable to withstand an 
enemy, tfl^ "^ j Jin p8h choo, 
Unable to endure. tyft ffi- ^JK 
/^ 1 Ne tsae na le choo ? Where 
do you live? or which expresses 


the same, ^n 
fie choo tsae na le ? 

$ ^" I Wo he tsae SSng " 
ching keu choo, I reside at the chief 

city of the Province. ^ ] Tsa- 
choo, Various ranks or tribes of 
persons living in the same place. 

Choo che I j_ to be settled in for 

a time only. 
Choo keu fjfj to reside or dwell 

in permanently. 

Choo leaou kuh j -j to desist 

from veeping. 

1220. A distorted mouth; 
the sound made when call- 
ing to fowls. According to 
some, The bill of a bird ; the voice 
of a bird. Same as fit Choo. 

1221. A stone tablet erected 
with a kind of border a- 
round it, or in a case, on 
which the name of the deceased is 
written, otherwise called !]T||j "it 
Shin choo. 

I ^ 1222. v A post placed in an 
J _1~ inclined position to support 
I * something; to pierce; to 

stick i to oppose. 

Choo mei > Mi a transverse beam. 
Choo ts$ng, or Chang j TJS. an in- 
clined post. 

^ ^ 1223. C A wooden post; a 
^Kl~ stone pillar; used figura- 
| ' lively for perions who are 
a support to anycause; forms part of 
the name of a hill; of offices in the 
government; the strings of an in- 
strument. ['] To sustain ; to sup- 
port ; to uphold. 

Choo shih ch chin j 
a statesman who ii as a pillar to tk'f 

Choo hea ] ~T1 a certain official 
Choo how I ^| cap 

I PW y 

Choo kwS pjj or reversed, KwS- 

choo, A pillar of the nation; a Mi- 
nister of state ; a statesman. 

Choo ting I JjSj a kind of dome sup- 
ported by pillars. 

Choo kung yuen j J^. @ a certain 
officer; a kind of Musician, 

1224. Choo, or 
Teen choo, A lofty bill. 

>^ ^ 1225. ' Water flowing or 
>, 1|- shooting off in streams ; to 
f ' lead or be led ; that to which 
the mind is directed; to record ; to 
comment upon or illustrate by appro- 
priate attention to. 

Choo e v ^ to direct the attention 
of the mind to j or the mind to flow 
to an object. 

Choo tsoo >?, to point to and 

I F 

place ; to spread out and arrange. 
Choo yen | |jj| to fix the eyes upon. 

1226. / The light of a lamp; 
the wick of a lamp ; from 
which chiefly the light pro- 
ceeds, a match or stick of fragrant 
Choo heang J^l- 5iS a stick of incense. 

1287. To stop; to wait. 




1828. The tiblet inscribed 
to departed spirits in 
temples ; or Iheassistanci- 
derived therefrom. The 
stone or base on which 
the tablet dedicated to 

departed spirits is placed, or the 

tablet itself. 

1229. An utensil for tuning 
stringed instrument*. 

1230. A yellow dog, with 
a black head. 

1231. A small net for catch- 
ing fish. 

1232. Disease. 

1233. An insect that destroys 

1234. f To define ; to ex- 
plain ; to illustrate the im- 

*- ~* port or seme of; to record ; 
to preserve a written account of. Ex- 
planation; definition; commentary. 
l/Lj ^S Ti Sze-shoo choo, A com- 
mentary on the Four-Books. 

Chookeae Jlfe\ t illustrate; to 

Chooshih | ||J explain. 

Choo ming ' fjjj a clear, lucid ex- 
planation, or commentary. 

Choo soo jpfcopen fuil explana- 

Choo shoo leth hwS ' '. T 1 / -^ft 
I ^ ** o/L 

to ex plain books and inseit what is 
aid by different authorities. 

u 5 1 ^ explanation ; illiu- 

1235. An erect appear- 
ance of the person. 

1236. Great strength of limb; 
to stand firm. 

1237. To stop a carriage ; a 
carriage stopping. 

1238. To inter valuables 
with the dead. 

1239. A piece of military 
dress which covers the knee. 

1240. To stop and rest one's 
hor ;e ; a temporary residence. 

Choo ma Hj jj& to stop or rest one's 
horse; to reside, or remain in a 
place for the time being. 

Choo pe^h jfjj? places at which the 
Emperor stops in his tours through 
the Empire. 

Choo tsilh Jj? to halt ; to stop; 
to make a temporary st.iy. 

^ 1241. ChooorTsoo. From 

jf^j t Knife and Clothes. To begin 

|/ to cut garments. To use 
garments to cover the figure, is the 
commencement of civilization. To 
begin ; to commence; the commence- 
ment. A surname. />! 4& -hh 
Fan sze che choo nan, 

Every thing is difficult at first. 

VfT } Nc tso leaou choo 

IKA. \ I 

yili, wo tiew yaou tso choo urh leaou, 
Do you do the first, and I'll do the 
second, is the language of threaten- 
ing. My conduct will be regulated 
by yours ; as yon behave to me, I'll 
behave to you. ^ ^ ^ 
^K 3e. Jin che choo sing pun shen, 
The nature nr disposition of man is 
originally (at the birth of each indi- 
vidual) virtuous. j*]j ^V Ya 
choo ko, A beginner; one quite 

Che choo ^6 1 the beginning; at 

Choo lae cl taou | ^ ' ^|J 
just now come for the first time. 

Choo, is applied to the first ten dayi 
of every month. 1 Aj? Chooseuen, 
The first decade, or first ten days of 
the month. From the tenth to the 
twentieth, or second decade, is called 
pb^jJChung seuen. The last decade, 
or from the twentieth to the thir- 
tieth, is called ~R / 01 Hea seuen. 

~p PJ J A El shib yug cho 

p$ jih, The eighth of the tenth 
moon. <fe J I ' Mei yuS 
choo yTh, The first of each moon. 
U| ] 3*|] ] -J-Ke choo taou 
choo shth f How many days are there 
to the tenth? ^ | J* 
1 Kin jih shin raojth choo? What 
day of the first decade is to-day ? 

1SJ42. An animal of the deer 
species, larger than the deer, 
and having a long tail; 
said to be a leader to flocks of deer. 






1213. Something which marks 
and points off, as ~> Choo, 
A dot or mark of a pause. 

1244. A sacrifice, or to sa- 

1245. Choo, or Woo-choo 
{3 3flR a species of tortoise. 

1246. - A carnation or ver- 
million colour. A surname. 

ChooyenhSfi^lJlf! || a red 
face and grey hairs; a robust olJ man. 
Choo tse5 | 4|j a constellation. 

Choo-he , Jg.. the name of Choo- 

Choo-foo-tsze & 12. a well 

known Commentator on the Four- 
Books, who lived in the 12th Cen- 

Choo hung 1 K scarlet. 

1247. Choojoo^ffa 
short small person; a pig- 
my. Also the small pillars 
above the rafters of a house; in 
which sense it is commonly, but er- 
roneously written 1& jjj! Choo now. 
/K^ 1 Ling choo, Name of an an- 
cient Musician. 

1248. ChS choo l or 
$11 1 ^^ choo, Loqua 
cious talkative manner, 
Read Ch6o,The voice of birds. Read 
Chow, The bill of a bird. The name 
of a star. JN | Fung choo, The 
name of an ancient stone on which 
to rub ink. 

1219. Handsome featur'-s; 
beautiful countenance; de- 
Choo sth y$c ifi a pretty woman. 

/V1 t_> * * 

1250. - The root of a tree 
lying above ground ; put in 
the lowest place; the most 

degraded state ; the trunk of a tree. 

A numeral of trees. 
Choo show yih yu ^jj^ p JJpJj 

confined in a corner for want of 

t .lent to appear in the world ; said by 

persons of themselves. 
Choo kow i^J a tree broken in the 


1251. Name of a stream of 
water, in Shan-tung, A sur- 

Choo sze -$ 'jOfl two streams which 
meet and join near the native place 
of Confucius. 

1252. -To kill; to destroy; 
very different from; exceed- 
ingly; very. Used also for 

Commonly read Shoo, 
which see. 

1253. A certain lance or 
spear; to kill; to destroy. 

1S54. Choo, or Choo-joo 
jjjjjj an imaginary animal, 
said to be like a fox, having 
the scales of a fish, and wings. 

1255. -- A pearl or ahead; 
beads strung and worn like a 
necklace; the ball of the eye. 
Choo, or Chin-choo J^ ^jsjhe pearl 
obiained from oysters ; any thing 

prccioiis or valuable. "V 1 Keang- 
choo, denote* a upeciei of amber t 
the name of a place, and of a certain 
wood. -Hi 1 Lien-clioo, The 
name of a work well known amon^it 
Chinese literati. Jg ^j ^J | 
-. Kwan yuen telh choo Uzr, 
Pearls that are so round as to roll 

about, fill I Chaou choo, Court 
-T)' I 

beads ; worn as an ornamental 
necklace, by the present Dynasty; 
the ditlerent ranks of officers wear 
different kinds. 

Choo plh san I jA afr a certain 
l T rv% 


Choochingyay kwang \ iift ^p 
TT" pearls a re called night splendors ; 
meaning the carbuncle. 

Choo tsuy ^sL pearls and feathers, 
for bead dress. 

1256. -- Choo, or Tan sha 
M. ffi a rd oxide , ver- 
million. ^ ^ ^ Yin 
choo chung, Cinnabar; an ore of 
mercury combined with sulphur 
found in the earth. /JijJ." Choo 

sha, Ciunabaris nuliva. ^R ] Yin 
choo, Vermillion made from th* 

Choo-sha ke\h j ^? ^i the best 
kind of Mandarin orange ; denomi- 
nated from its beautiful colour. 

1257. Imprecations; cur- 

1258. A kind of screen ; not 
spread out, or extended. 

84 CHOO 


12i9. A species of red or 
crimson (ilk. 

12(10. - The spider; other- 
wise called tyfe JjJ^Che choo, 
which expression comes 
from M] jl Che choo, To know 
how to destroy, alluding to the skill 
of the spider in forming its web. 

1261. Red garments. 

1262. Choo yu IfiH ^U name 
of a medicine, of an acrid 

1263. - To make inquisition 
for; to punish; to wound; 
to destroy; to put to death; 

to kill; to involve the residue of 
men in crime, as the root being taken 
out of the ground causes the decay 
of the branches and leaves ; t< era- 
dicate ; to exterminate. 
=Jk.^ t 

Ch oti'h ||j j|| to punish; to chastise. 

Choo Ifih | ^ to exterminate by 
cutting to pieces human beings; to 
inflict capital punishment on state 
prisoners or rebels; to exterminate 
or reduce a smaller state, for some 
real or supposed insult. 

Choo luy ] Sj( to involve in some 

1?64. A man's name. 

1865. The appearance of a 
bird ; leaping and hopping 
like a bird ; the feet appear- 
ing impeded. 


1266. Name of an ancient 

1267. To pour out wine; 
filled with liquor ; drunk. 

1268. Name of an ancient 
coin ; a very small coin or 

piece of silver. 

_. * jfiyJ- 1 "f^ f* ffliB to 

Chow tsei tsun Ijy flEr y^ \j ^ 

accumulate farthings and hoard up 
inches ; is applied to persons to denote 
that they are miserly. 
Choo e j 7p? certain garments worn 
by genii 

1269. Ahorse with a black 

1270. Name of a fish. 

1271. A certain bird of 
prey, said to have a hu- 
man head. 

1272. The spare between a 
door and a screen. Choo 
leth *i* ^f to stand inside 
the door, but outside of the screen. 

-1273. A considerable length 
of time; to stand a long 
timet to wait. 

Choo kan XV frf to stand and look. 
Chooleih j j to stand erect; 

^ to stand hoping 

for, or expecting- 

* _ ^_ 
Xl -m^ 



1274. To heap upon, and 
press down. 

1*75. A cloth covering 
fora come, a pall. 

1 1276. Knowledge and wis- 

, , 

[./* | 1277. A certain tree of 

the bark of which paper 
is made, There are differ- 
ent sorts distinguished 
by the leaf. 

1278. Clear; pure; limpid. 

1279. To cue to fume by 
tbe force of heat. 

1280. A certain utensil, or 

1281. To stretch the eyes; 
to stare; to fix the eyes 
Upon and gaze. 

188S - To stand for * 


1283. The transverse part 
of a loom. 

1284. A cloak, screen, or 


1285. A vessel for containing 

188&. A lamb. 

J-V 1287. The name of a plant; 

^y-^ a species of hemp; the root 

J of this plant is mixed up 

with wheaten flour and formed into 

'T vf- Choo-lo cakes. 

1288. That which is known; 
^i^l"* knowledge; wisdom. A 
-* J man's name. 




% 1289. \To accumulate; to 
~ store up; an accumulation ; 
a hoard. 

. i \ - 

Choo koo (ft? to lay up in a pub- 
lic treasury. 
Choo tsae j 2 to lay or store up. 

Choo tsang Jj^ ||F to store up ; to lay 
up in a warehouse. 

1290. The name of a tree, of 
the bark of which both cloth 
and paper were made ; name 

FART. II. z 


of a paper once substituted for 
money; name of a hill. 

Choo-pe jjfe $ta kind of bank note. 
See ^ Chaou. 

Choo tseen JS gilt paper which 

the Chinese burn in sacrifices. 

1291. Name of a river or 
stream of water ; a small 

1292. 'To boil; to decoct; 
boiled; decocted. Choo- 
tsaou ^It & name of a 
place. Choo shwuy 
7r to boil water. 

Cboo chuh I 3j to boil rice to a 

kind of gruel. 
Choo fan 1 -filtf to boil rice. 

I F/^ 

Choo ming j * to boil tea, express- 
es, to prepare an entertainment. 

Chooshuh | |&to boil maturely. 

Chootsae J |j| to boil vegetables ; 
to prepare food. 

1293. - A pig; a swine. 
Stagnant water, or the 
place where water stag- 
nates. The name of an 
office, and of a plant ; of a 
bill, and of a district; the 

name of a medicine. 



Choo lung tsaou ^ 
thes distillatoria. 


Choo yew 

pig's oil ; lard. 

Choo kow | P the name of a place. 
Choojow j J^ pork. 

Choo maou j .fJi the hair* or bristle 
of a swine. 

294. A small island in the 
midst of a stream ; a place 
where water stagnate*. 

1295. Name of a medi- 
cinal plant. 

1S96. The name of a wood. 

x!297. The two slips of 
wood used by the Chinese 
to eat with; they hold 
them in their fingers so 
as to perform the part of 
nippers ; hop-sticks. 

129S. A kind of basket 
made of reeds. 

1299. A surname. 

1300. To manifest to the 
world ; to make or be con- 
spicuous; to publish book* 
as an author; to supply; to fir ; to 
settle. Used for ^ Choo.. 

Choo ming -3t 0H to illustrate clearly. 

^T3 ^/ J * 

Choo ihuh J 3Jr^ to narrate; to write 

1SOI. ChooorCho, A sur- 



1308. Choo, or ^ jjjj- 
f how choo, The fe t 
rntmglrd , embarrassed, 
literally or figuratively ; 

at a loss how to proceed , 
unable to achaiue ; per- 


1303 - Not one only; se- 
veral; many. All; every. 
A particle denoting, In; at; 
from ; respecting. Sometimes de- 
notes Doubt. The name of an office ; 
of a divinity. A name of plants; 
and tree*; and insects; and hills, 
and swamps. A surname. 
Choo fan jj# fa all ; every. 
Choo heung yu& ho j |Xj Q | ^ 
all evils are called Ho. 

Choo-how j j^ princes of ancient 

Choo-k5 ~\j? a man famous in the 

history of the'.third century. 
Chookung " Q\ all you gentle- 

Choo wei I /fjV j men - 

Choo sze j ||f all, or every affair. 

Choo to j 4 a great many. 

Choo yu -^p certain clothes. 

Kew ching choo ke W TF p* 
to endeavour to put one's person in 
a straight, correct posture in order 
to shoot with the bow. 

1304. To collect together ; 
to provide in order to assist. 
To assist, or be second to. 
A surname. 

Choo tselh 1 ^ githcred together; 


Chookeun ^a" or J|C Tung- 
choo, The Priuce, or heir apparent. 
Choo che 1 j provided with. 

^jf~ I 305. Name of a wood, said 
to be very durable. 

1306. Name of a stream or 

- 1307. Choo, or Keen-choo 
AJJL -**.<. ^** 

a certain blue 


*"* stone for grinding or rub- 
bing i 't is fit for polishing gems. 

1 308. Another name for the 
sugar cane. 

Choo yu jSfc 5rj a certain plant. 

1309. 'Choo, or Keu-choo 

name .of a certain 



1310. A certain wood. 

W Keg-choc, A kind of 
wooden tomb-stone; apiece 
of wood, with the name of the de- 
ceased upon it, left at the place of in- 
terment. Used in ancient times. 

1311. A place where water 

1312. To fly up; or fly 
off; to fly away. 


1313. Used for Choo, A pig ; 
and for Too, The abdomen. 


131*. Name of an insect 
f or fish, which is variously 

1315. Akird of bag or other 
utensil for putting clothes 
in; a pall with which to 

cover a coffin; to cut out, or make 


1316. t- Steps up to a hall or 
palace; the space inside of 
a door, but outside the door 

screen. To exclude ; te remove any 
evil ; to curea disease; to open wider. 

To put out of the number; toub- 
stract, to except from ; to put away; 
besides. To be installed in a new 
office, the proceding officer being 
dismissed; to exchange. The period 
when the old year expires, and is 
changed for the new one. Read Yu, 
denoting the 4th moon. 

Choo e I JjfJ to lay aside doubts or 

Choo fei 3fc excluding ; the put- 
ting aside, doing so and so ; i. e. put- 
ting the doing so out of Uie question, 
or suppositive; if it be put out of 
the question then, so and so may be 
done.; sometimes translated by If; 
or If it be so. 

Choo Iwan j '^\ to suppress anarchy. 

Choc inow thong keen I jUf fA} /ff 
besides what has been received, still 


Choo leaou chay ko ' "7 ig ^ffl 
exclusive of this; besides this. 

Choog8 kow j rT5 pj to put away 
evil, or speech; a vicious, harsh mode 
of speaking. 

Choo kin Jg to eradicate. 

Choo pe j /y exclusive of the pack- 
Choo fei pwan sze ^t ^ft 73? 

putting aside the consideration of 

its being at the risk of one's life. 
Choo seih j /^ -I the last evening. 
Choo my ] Jj^/ of the year. 
Choo g5 woo tsin flfr. % ||H~ 

in putting away bad men, they 

must be excluded entirely. 
Choo keu keen tang I ^- -kc. '^f 

to eject an intriguing traitorous 

Choo keu ke to ; hwan slung ke to 1 

many are put away or substracted ; 

and how many yet remain ? 
Choo keu kae tow ] -^ ^. Jjg 

put off the bride's vail. 
Choo leaou wo "7 ^c excepting 

Choo fei puh yaou chay keen wuh | 

# ^ II @ # $J if this 

thing be not wanted. 

Keu choo jg| j|| 
a mat rolled up ; a deform- 
ed person; hunch backed. 

- lly; stupid; foolish; 


1319. The name of a river; 
and of a district. 


1320. A certain plant, known 
by more names than one. 

1321. .- Choo, or Chen-choo 

% i : 5n? a 8 P ec ' cs f frg- 
^ See Chen. 

1322. t A quiver to con- 
tain arrows; a case for 
books. A place for kill- 
ing animals ; a kitchen , a 



Choo fang 
Choo tsze 1 

Choo jin A 

a cook-house ; a 

a cook. 

irrl !3 23 A kind of curtain j a 
'**' bed curtain. 

1324. Entangled cmbarrass- 

1 325. Seasonable rain. 

/-A. 1326. Choo, or Too, A 
certain reed or bamboo; to 
break these reeds ; baskets 
formed of them. 

132T. Tofuseroetals; to 
melt. A surname. The 
name of an ancient king- 
dom, the name of a place. 

coin money. 

Choo been 

| ___^ 1 328. Choo or Shoo, To take 
~LJ-> by the hand ; to lead ; to lay 
>| J open one's mind, or state 

one's feelings; to explain; to remote 

or exclude. 
Choo seay sing tsing jf& ^J jkt /Kt- 

to state one's feelings in writing to a 

Choo el a to exhibit or declare 

one's intention. 

I ^ 1:J39. ' A transverse part of 

/ff^C^ a loom. Thin or narrow ; to 
| >J pare thin. Name of a wood 

and of a fruit; in which last sense it 

is read Mow. 
Choo chuh jjjj; |r|j two parts of a 

loom; the one transverse, the other 


1 330. A. wooden beater, or 
pestle. Kew choo tl pt/t 
a mortar and pestle. Chin 

Chin, A stone on 
which clothes are beaten to whiten 
them, and Choo, The wooden beater. 

1331. A horse with a white 
hind left foot, and white 
above the knees. Ahorse 

with its feet bound. 

1332 - Same of a tillage, and 
of a pavilion. 

*y I 

1333. t- The centre of mo- 
tion; ahiiige ; what is central; 
fundamental; indispensable; 
the north polar star is called Teen- 
choo ^ i^ the hinge of heaven; 
the first star, as the Chinese consi- 
der it, of ;j 5J* Pih-tow, Urs- 
Major. The name of a woodj name 
of a sacrifice. 


Choo ke [ /{{I the controler of 
motion -, the hinge on which all turns, 
either literally or figuratively. 

Choomolh 1 the hinge of secrets, 
or tecret hinge ; formerl) the title 
of a Commander in Chief, or military 

Choo new i t$ the loop on which 
any thing hangs ami turns. 

Choo tin I ^ a cardinal Virtue. 
I /'iv 

(MS. Dictionary.) 

Choo-melh yuen | ^ |^ a kind 
of privy council under the Sung 

1334. Name of a certain 

1335. To spread out; to 
extend ; to scatter ; to ex- 
tend; to ascend; to mount; 
to determine ; to decide. 

animal about the size of 

a do, said to be like a fox. 


Choojin 1 y^ men, whom it is tabled, 
can transform themselves into tigers. 

I -r- 1337. A certain wood; a 


A*lli wood, the substance and 

| ^J bark of which is like var- 
nish, and its leaves stinking ; when is full of protuberances which 
make it unfit for use; and when 
small it is so crooked as to be useless. 
Choo leih yung tsae T-. Re B? Jyj" 
an ordinary material; useless as the 
trees Choo and LeJh. Used by states- 
men to represent themselves when 
writing in an affected tone of humi- 
lity to the Emperor. 

1 338. C-- To slop; to rest; 
to dwell; to reside; to 
distinguish ; to discrim- 
inate ; to manage ; to ar- 
X range; to do what is 
necessary in any case. A 
district, a surname. Read 
Choo (') A place; a par- 
ticular portion of space; 
a dwelling place. A circumstance ; a 


point of conduct or character. A 
man's name. JZ- Eg Keu choo, 
to lire, to dwell. 4g j Twan 
choo, The short part of a man's 
character ; a fault ; an error. ^F- 

Ttt. ' 

P|| | Tsing mo choo > What place? 

Choo tsze | ^f- an unmarried wo- 
man who dwells retired. 

Choo die ta | ^ ^ to place him 
down ; to settle, or do for him ; to put 

him to death. 

Choo she I "rtf to attend to the 
affairs of the world. 

3k to manage the af- 

fairs of a family. 

Cboo ke -1 to manage or attend 

to one's self. 
Cboo shoo 1 Jj|- A term, August 24. 

Choo sze die, urh pfih keth Ip. 

5-i it D ^ ^ to mana s e affairs 

leisurely ; not with precipitate haste. 

Choo ta *ze -^ ^ to manage 
great affairs. 






Manuscript Dictionaries, Chen. Canton Dialect, Chou 

Yew. 1339. From ; by. 

1340. A kind of helmet 

1S4I. To contain under co- 
yl*l ver, as in a ship or carriage; 
V ""y to contain a the earlh, 
or the universe; including all ages, 
from high antiquity to the present 
time. See ^ Yu. ^ lif Yu 
chow, The universe. 

1342. (-- The heart moved or 
affected by grief) dis- 
quietude of niii.d. 
Chowle //d| ig the wives of the eld- 
est and second son, are denominated 
by these two words; they address 
each other by them ; the junior calls 
the senior Chow, and the senior calls 
the junior Le. 

1343. Sorrow and apprehen- 
sion ; concern of mind. 

1344. C- To take/rom with 
the hand. To lead ; to pluck 
out of the water; to take 

from amongst; to take a part or 
dividend ; to draw forth. Mei sliih 
tun chow yth ^ '-)- ^ _j$ - 
to take one tenth ; which is also cx- 

I'UIT II. A 2 

pressed by Kea y^ih chow jfjp j 

San ting chow ylh _ J 
to take every third man for I he 

army. JL 1 /V Wo cnow 
urh jin, To take two men from five. 
Sze chow i/ I an underhand and 
private exaction. Taou chow ^Jli 
to run and take a share; i. e. 
by smuggling. Kea urh chow fun 

in .zi l 5^ to takotw tenins - 

Chow chuh 1 H to take or put from 

Chow fun fff to take from, or out 

of a certain part,portion, or sum ; to 

take a per centage. 
Chow ke shin lae "j to 

rise up from sitting. 
Chow kwan shwuy | 

the regular taxes. 
Chow p5 ] jf$ to extort and tear off 

the skin ; applied to the extortions of 

the police. 
Chow pi | -kj} to rescue; to delirer. 

Chow shin I Sf to take one's self 
off. To remove or go to. 

Chow tow I Off is phraseology used 

in gaming, to denote each taking his 
Chow yin 1 tj\ to draw out. 


1345. Chow, or Chow-choo 

a medicinal plant, 
used in fluxes. 

1346. Silk woven ; to select ; 
to take from; to take and 
draw out the ends of a bali 

of silk. 
Chow twan j$\ ^ a general term for 


Chow tselh ] 
Chow tseTh ] 

1 to arrange the 
f threads of silk, 
as is done by women previously to 

Chow yih ^jji some readYew-yTh, 
To study to attain the abstruse and 
more delicate points of a subject. 

1347. Chow,orTsow. 
&'L Chow sha, A species 
ofcrapr, a well known 
Chinese manufacture. 

1348. To respond to; to 
bless. A man's name. 

1349. A helmet. (3 ^f 

7~1* Ft 

Pei chow, A helmet adorn- 
ed with gems. FJJ 
Kea chow, Armour and helmets. 





. chow tsae shin puh ning tscuen 
le, Armour and a helmet are now 
upon me, I cannot perform what 
perfect ceremony requires. To be 
distinguished from ^jj Chow, see 
Radical rf;1 Jow, These two are of- 
ten'confoundcd in Classical books. 

1350. The produce of the 
grain called ^ Tuou. 

1351. Confused; obscure. 
One says. The end of a ball 
of thread. 

1352. A creature of the rat 
,t J or mouse species. 

1353. A certain fish. 

1354. About the Yang-tsze- 
keang, A low dyke or foot 
path, with a ditch on each 

side for the division of fields or 
different estates, were formerly called 

Chow. |5.1J|| T en chow - The 
dyke which divides fields from each 
other, a land-mark. These are sub- 
jects of very frequent affrays and 
litigations with the Chinese. 

1355 -A place which is 
habitable in the midst of 
water; an island; a place 
where men and birds are collected 
in numbers. A district; ao ancient 
division , supposed to be a ninth part 
of the world. A surname, name of 
m ancient nation, and of a cily. 

Chow, been M y]& aCh^w district and 
a Ht'en district. The Chow district 
consisted in ancient times of two 
thousand five hundred families. Kft 
HJ- Kwang-chow foo, The dis- 
trict of Canton, tjjj/ Ching, City or 
town, added to the preceding, ex- 
presses the City of Canton, in the 
province known by that name to 
Europeans. yl Kew chow, 

The nine islands near Macao ; these 
two words arc used to denote the 
whole world, in allusion toadivision 
made after the Deluge. 

Chow-le jfl a district; a neigh- 
bourhood generally. 

1356. To walk; to go. 

1357. Name of a certain 

135S. An island ; a place ha- 
bitable for men or birds 
in the midst of the water. 
Tsing-chow, .The Isle de 
Verde, at Macao. jffi San- 

chow-tang, Provincial dialect Sam- 
chow-tong, or San-ciang. 

1359. Fine, sleek, smooth, 
glossy, warm silk. 

1360. / To answer or respond 
by words. [N] To revile; to 

Chow tuy sffl ET ] to answer ; to 
Chow ta ] ?jf.) reply to. 

Chow tsze I ^ to convey notice, 
or information to. 


)|M*| 13fil - The name of a plant. 

1362. A golden knife; the 
HM word : 

to denote metal generally 

1363. - A boat or other 

J 4"* vessel; to put into and carry; 

/ --J to trai sport to another 

place. The name of a place; and 

of an office. A surname. 
Chow chay so che J^j- JJL $rf ^ 

wherever a boat or a carriage can 

go to. 
Chow che j ^/ to carry a thing with 

Chow chung | tf) in a !>oat or vessel. 

Chow-shan 1 jjj the port commonly 

called Cliu-san. 

Chowtsee" | ^ a boat oar. 
Chow shih keaou tseen ! J jS flj 

Vic *' le ' )0at ('" wnicn l h e king was) 
got fast a ground. 

Chow tsze | /^ to remain some 
time in a boat; to pass the night, in 
a boat. 

1364. To circulate or extend 
to every part. 

1365. Something extended 
or spread, so as to screen, to 
shade, or obscure. 

-J1 i-i 1366 - A slight ripple on the 
surface of water. 



1367. The motion of fire or 

1368. An arrow for shoot- 
& 1 ing birds. 

1369. Silk prepared in a 
certain way for a covering; 

employed also as a kind of 


1370. Name of a plant. 

1371. Weak feathers. 

1372. Much talk; loquacity. 

1373. Embarrassed, making 
no progress, 

1374. -- A certain crooked 
pole in the fore part of a 
cart or other wheeled 


1375. Chow-sow 

large species of horse brought 
I from beyond China Proper. 

1376. The name of a fish. 

1377. From f Yung, To, 
me and j] Kow, The mouth. 
To provide for fully ; to sup- 
ply the wants of; a curve; abend. To 


perform a circl; to extend to every 
place ; to complete ; faithful. Close 
together j to the extreme degree ; to 
the end. Enters into the formation 
of proper names ; a surname. To 
rhyme, read Shoo. ^Q ^j Taou 
chow, The windings of a road. |jEp 

1 1 ^ 1 t 

Yang-chow, Ting-chow, Phing-chow, 
keae Been ming, 'Yang-chow, Ting- 
chow, and Phing-chow, are all names 
of districts. I : Ef Chow chang, 
hurry ; bustle. I Chow chow, 

the name of a bird ~^\ Fuh 

chow, Name of a hill. 

Chow lew ^TJ> to flow all around ; 

to travel every where. 

Chow mefli ^j /jjj closely connected 
thickly joined; crowded together; 
secret; every part attended to. 

Chowpe | f|J to be all fully prepared. 

Chow pi-en 1 *jja all around. 

Chow seuen J jjfji to bring matters 
round ; to explain away and remove 
some difficulty. To circulate j to go 

Chow tsi me meTh | jfl ffi ft 
all around crammed close together. 

Chow taou | JlJ eery thing com- 
Chow taou 1 ^ a royal way or road. 

Chow tsae 1 B^' an abundant store 
of wealth. 

Chow tse j yj?f to supply the wants 
of; to relieve the necessities of. 

Chowtseangmingche j |^ Bjj (jjff 
clear and perspicuous in every part. 



Chow tseuen J ^g to complete the 
circle, to perfect any affair; to leave 
no part undone ; often ued in the 
language of entreaty by persons who 
have been already aisistcd, to indue 
one to assist them still farther and 
carry them through all their difficul- 

Chow urh fuh che [ fifj |f[ ^ to 

go round and begin again. 
Chow wei 1 j^j to surround; all 


1378. Chow or Chaou. To 
laugh and jest; [to ridicule 
and boast. 

1379. A woman's name. A 
[jfl surname. 


1380. Chow char 
appearance of walking ; 
hurried step ; irregular pace. 

1381. -. Chow chang '[^j 
ite grieved ^mournful ; sor- 

1382. The light of the sun, 
which extends every where. 

1383. Water whirling round ; 
^j |^| making a noise like a whirl- 
pool. Name of a stream of 

1334. White silk ; clear, bright 

1385 Deep; sunken. 



1386. To ward or guard off. 

1387. t- Grain gowing thick. 

Chow melh UJj] ! close; thick; 
crowded together. 

1SSP. Chow, orKeaouchow 
arerta ' n 

of w beaten flour. 

1389. Name of R plant, of 
which there are five colours 
or species. 

1390. Appearance of a tiger 

1391. * - To wrap round; 
to hang with ornaments,- 
used for silk generally ; 
thick; close; crowded together. 

Chow drib joo (I ^j J(p :]|? 
as thick as the hair of the head. 

Chow mew yew boo '[ jjp )JJ| J=* 
to hang with wreaths and ornaments 
the windows and doori. 

Chow ling j **P a looser and more 
fff't Qxv 

open silk. 

Chow njew i3x. to wrap about: 

i /l^ 

to bind ; to hang with wreaths ; to 
hold close and intimate consultation 

Chow twan 1 ZJPJ silk generally, par- 
ticularly the thick and close kinds. 

Chow twan ten I 


> j-f-% 139'J. A single covering for 
a h.-d ; a coverlid. Bed 
curtains, a single garment. 

1393. The horns of a dragon. 

"^ Irtl 1394 - Heavy ; severe. 
Chow ke Jffl fl severe hunger. 

| 1395. The name of a valley. 

1396. - To bestow charily, 
to relieve the wants of, in a 
charitable benevolent man- 
Chow seuh B|9 jj'jyfl to compassionate 

and bestow charity. 
Chow tse J y5| to supply the nccessi- 

ties of. 

1397. A certain species of 
liquor or wine. 

1398. Heavily laden; a cart 
filled in every part ; heavy. 

1399. Appearance of a great 
mart, where many people 
are crowded together. 

1400. Name .of an ancient 

1101. To turn round ( to re- 
'-'I volve; to circulate. 

Chow che JJM) 4^0 to inform a whole 



circle of persons; to send a circular 


Chow lew puh seth J y^ ^ j| 
flowing incessantly, or circulation 
without interruption; applied to the 

1402. A rainy appearance. 

! 405. A windy appearance. 

1404. A divine hone. 

1405. Bushy thick hair. 

: 1 406. A number of persons ; 
a comp my ; a p irty ; four 
persons. Who > Rejd Tan, 
Obscure. | %$ I ^ ^ Chow luy 
ihin chung, A very large number of 
the s.irae class of prso.,s. ?yn.with 
Chow. To rhyme, read Choo. 

1407. A woman's 'name. 

J- H08. A single curtain; a 
curtain for a carriage? a 
leather screen around a 
carriage. Read Taou, A covering 
like a tent ; canopy of heaven. 

^ _ 1408. The appearance of 
Jl* jjfc^. deep sorrow, .grief in the 
I C* |j extreme 


I 1410. To rejects to cast 
off; or cast away. 


1411. To cut down wood ; to 
pierce ; to stab ; a certain 
wood deemed useless and 
pernicious. A certain auspicious 
animal ; a foolish ignorant appear- 
ance. A certain ominous plant. 
A man's name. Read Taou, A coffin, 
aou wuh *1| i/T a man's name; name 
of an animal. A savage, cruel, and 
incomparably hideous appearance. 
Name ofa certain historical work. 

1412. To strike something 
which is suspended, as a bell. 

1413. To illumine* to il- 
lustrate; bright. 

1414. C-- A cultivated field ; a 
field of hemp ; to cultivate ; 
to manure. Who? Time 

past To be handed down through 
successive ages. Class or species ; a 
pair. Name of a kingdom. A sur- 

Chow seTh [Jjit : g- indeterminate time 
past ; yesterday, formerly. 

1415. A pain or disease in 
the lower part of the abdo- 
men ; disquietude of mind. 

1416. C- To calculate ; to reck- 
on; to devise; to arrange; 
to plan. ^ ||j Tie'en chow, 



To draw lots. To draw reedi or 
straws of different lengths from I IK: 
hand ; he who draws the longest wins. 




to devise and 
"61116 a course 

Chow hwa 1 
Chow to | 

of action. 
Chow swan | 

. to deliberate; to 
contrive; to calculate how to pro- 

Chow tsTh 4 to devife; to 

scheme ; a plan ; a stratagem. 

Chow she j 4^ a kind of yaje into 
which reeds are thrown for amuse- 
ment ; the reeds are called Chow. 

1417. A thick gruel or con- 

1418. Chow chang ^ ^ 
motion or rolling the eyes. 

1419. Name of a plant. 

Chow choo 33f a species of onion. 
Chow mung ^ to overspread 
or cover as a canopy. 

> _t- 1420. -Hurried; bustling; 
irregular crazed mode of 

Chow chang to sze 

bustling, irregular, wild, officious. 

1421. <- This Character is 
r^CT never used alone but thus, 

Chow choo j^ jp| or j ^ ^ 
5^.Chow choopuh tsin, Embarrassed 
irresolute state; unable to determine 
and proceed; making no progress. 

Chow-choc, in the enK now given, 
is written in a great variety of way*. 
142S. ' A pain in the lower 
part of the abdomen; the 
back part of the thigh. 

Chow seih R.g JjjJ dried and salted 

1423. t- To return the 
pledge, ceremony, or 
compliment of drinking 
to; to make a return, 
} according to what has 
been received; to recom- 
pence. The first offer 
of wine to the guest is 
expressed by jsjf Heeo. 
The return made by the guest, is called 
BjfeTsSjand the host's return again 


is called | Chow. 
Chow tsS wang lae che le ffl 

/jf$ ^ Tfi the ceremony of 

ing and replcdging backwards and 

Chowpaou 1 iB^ to answer to; to 


Chow ti 5&i \ retort ; to re- 

I *Tf* 

Chowseay 1 =|| to render thanks to. 

1424. Large fish are deno- 
minated Chow. 

1425. A bird of the fowl 

1426. Deformed; ugly; to 
abhor; to reject. 

1427. Bushy ; thick hair. 



1428. t- Chow or Shi'iw, 
To sell ; to part with, or de- 
liver up for a price; togive 
an equivalent for; lo rerompcnce; 
to respond. Alto read Shiih, in the 
same sense. |J ' jj Koo show, or 
1J Mae show, To sell. 
W Show kea, or 1 [g[ Show chlh, 
The price or value of what is sold. 
I feaou show, The consump- 
tion or sale of commodities; to sell 
off, or diminish by sale. "jlj' ~Sj[ 

-M^ it ff 1 

nl y'll I ^ wei cnav cnan S nan 
show, The dear (commodities) are 
always difficult to sell. 

1429. t Chow, or Chow, 
A pair of birds. To 
wrangle ; to fight ; to 
hate ,- hatred ; an enemy. 
To pay retribution. 58 
iffi Paou chow, To re- 

Chow chth 

to pay the price of. 

Thelast word is commonly used 
without Mouth below. 

1430. t- Oppossed to ; to 
reply to whatever is said, 
railing for railing; a pair; 
equals ; rivals; class; 
.A^jJ \. species ; to pledge again 
I' ^^ when drinking ; to afford 
proof by a correspon- 
dence of parts ; to collate, 
Dislike ; enmity ; hatred , 
en enemy ; to bear an enmity to ; 
to revenge. A surname. Used also 
for 142S. 

Chow soo pei || ^ ^ to pledge 
in several times the quantity of 


Chow tuy 3?;f to debate, or alter- 
cate, in a quarrelsome manner. 

1431. A white coloured 
cow; a cow lowing. A 

^ 1432. Appearance of a 
^J-J*+ hand taking hold of ome- 
*~^~ thing; a missile weapon; 
a new born infant raising its hand. 
A name of a deity. A horary cha- 
racter, the second from midnight ; 
from one to three in the morning. 
The name of a medicine. 


1 433. Sound, noise, the voice. 

1434. A club or cudgel; 
weapons ; the name of a 
tree, of which bows may 

be made. 

1435. The joint of the elbow. 
The nose bleeding; to in- 
jure or destroy. Read 
New, To eat flesh. 

1436. A surname. 

1437. t/ Smell or flavor 
generally; scent; offen- 
sive smell; disagreeable 
odours; fume orefHuvia. 
Stink ; to smell , that 
which is morally offen- 
sive. The character is formed from 
Keuen T^ A dog, in allusion to that 


animal finding its way by the scent. 
^ J|L Heang chow, A fragrant 
smell. ^ | Yung chow, Any 
thing fragrant and ornamental carried 

about one's person. Tfrj Chia 

chow, A bad man. ^fe ] Shea 
chow, A good smell. .35 ' GS 

/V!i I 

chow, A bad smell. jj|| ^ ^R 
E chow wan ne'en, To leave an eter- 
nal reproach on one's name. J 1 

[1 fM Ke chow joo Ian, It smells 
xv UT?J 

fragrant as the Lan-flower. fflf BJ* 

38E Woo shing woo chow, 

Neither sound nor smell. 
Chow chung ][ \jt a stinking insect, 

a vicious abandoned person. 
Chow ke | ^z? an offensive effluvia 

Chow ming 1 % a bad reputation; 

Chow pae 1 [1/7 to spoil or corrupt, 

referring to the smell. 
Chow tsaou 1 I 1 . 1 ! the plant Rue. 

Chow we | P^astiuk. 

Chow we tsze die 

variety of .smells and tastes, is ap- 
plied to acquaintances of different 
tempers and habits. 

1438. Vapour; exhalation 
arising from water. 

1439. tv The smell of any 
thing putrid; a stinking 

1440. The mournful note of 
a bird. 

1441. Chow, or Chow leang 
*B dried grain. 





1442. / To curse; to im- 
precate; to rail. Used by 
the sect Fflh, for Prayers, 
spells, and other religious 
papers, in the sense of 
True layings. To recite 
those prayers or spells. Some write 
jjjtf Chow, which also means To 

Chow choo HP Trar^ to curse ; inn- 
Chow tsoo jtB,_/ precate ; an 
imprecation, of which the Chinese 
hare Tarious forms. 
Chow ma j JjS to rail and curse. 
Chow sung 1 sFfi recitative; to recite. 
Keth tih fa chow too she ^ ^=f fH 
I fH| ||r proroked to utter cu rsos 
and squander oaths. J^ Too 
chow, To utter imprecations^^ /f^ 
I Foo chow, Charms or spells. 

Ijjjj 1 Sung chow, To recite pray- 
ers or spells. 

1443. Chow, or Chfih, To 
bless gods or men. See 

Tsun. 1444. The tenth fart of 


, 1445. Pain in the lower 
part of the abdomen ; pain 
in the heart and abdomen. 

w % 1446. / A certain silk trap- 
^fi t ping of a horse, is, in a cer- 
*J^ -J tain part of the country call- 
ed Chow ; apiece of wood which pass- 
es below the tail of an ass or mule. 

the Dynasty Shang, and with whom 
that dynasty closed. His name is 
extremely infamous. 

1447. A bamboo which has 
died in consequence of re- 
rnotinj its root. 

1448. A marine animal, said 
to resemble a man. 

|_ 1449. > The fore-arm. The 
joint at the elbow; a cubit 
and five tenths are called 
Chow. The muscles of the legs and 
arms of animals. To seize a person 
by the arm in order to detain him. 
The name of a book. 
Chow tsze J ^f- a joint of meat. 

Chow yTh jj^ )]$the armpits; under 
the arm. Persons or things nearly 
related, as the arm and the ribt. 

1450. -Generous wine. 

1451. * Ugly; deformed; 
hateful; stinking; offensive; 
moral deformity; shameful 

disgraceful conduct. To hate ; to 
abhor. A group, class, or species ; to 
compare. The name of a hill. A 

Chow maou {& ^9 or reversed Maou- 
chow, An ugly, disagreeable coun- 

1452. A certain plant 

1453. Ordure t to sweep 
*y filth. The natu of a 

1454. The noise made by a 
group of birds. 

1455. A beiom ; a broom; a 
certain bamboo. 

1456. To lead and strike; to 
pluck from amongst. The 
name of a place; the name 

of a person. 

1457. Cho^r, A person of a 
tall appearance. 

1458. A person's name, com- 
monly called Chow ta-she 

| -Jr ]Sb Chow the great 
Historian, and framer of the Seal 
Character, B. C. 1043. ^j| ^ 
Chow win, Chow's mode of writing. 

1459. The whole of the day 
from the rising to the 
setting sun; day -light ; in the 

day time. The name of a place. A 

Chow pah yew ting ^ ^ |ft ||| 

in the daytime not saunter about 

the halls, or external rooms of a 

mansion; said of women. 
Chow yay j ^ day and night. 

Chow yay lew hing j ^ p[ 'fj* 
flowing day and night said of ttje 







Manuscript Dictionaries, Cfcu Canton Dialect, Chut. 

1460. To connect together; 
connected ; uninterrupted 


1461. To hold an instrument 
with -which to engrave; to 
pierce; to stab. To cnt 

away; 1 to cutoff. Read Tufa, To 

scrape off; to reject what it bad. 
Yew kan chue fa ting ling chay sze 

he who dares to engrave the law 
shall die. 
Chug tsin hoo che leen 1 ^ & 

~*7 LJfr to cut away the curtains of 

fl~ M\*- 

the bed-chamber door. 

Tuh ke twan leih j iHl J[^ ijjSjK 
to reject or put away broken pieces 
of earthen ware. 

1463. Appearance of weep- 
ing ; to weep and sob ; 
drawing in the breath. 
Much and incessant talking. Read 
Chug and Chuy, To taste; to 
drink; to ingurgitate. J flM 
Lew chue, To detain a person ; to 

1463. Mournful, sorrowful; 
the heart grieved. 

1464. The name of a Keen 

1465. Che or Chue, To bite; 
to gnaw; to sip. 

1 46G. To weep ; weeping. 

1467. A path on a kind of 
ridge or dyke, in Chinese 

1468. Short; stunted. 

1469. To connect; con- 
nected together; a kind of 
band of fencers, employed 
for amusement in ancient Chinese 
courts. To stop, or cause to desist. 
Chue yin Jt|| v$ to repress dissipation 
and excess. 

*- ^ 1470. A kind of trap for 
"^ taking birds. 

1471. A skipping or leaping; 
a disease which attacks sheep 
and causes their death. 
Also read Keae. 



1473. Incessant talking; 
interminable verbiage. 

1473. Chue or Ke, To leap; 
to jump. 

1474. Chue or Keue, To 
skip; to leap; a small jump. 

1475. Chue" or Seue, The 
marrow in a bone, or to 
take the marrow out of a 

bone. Read Chuy, To pour out a 

libation at a sacrifice. 

1476. A carriage slightly 
injured and repaired again. 
To desist j to stop, 
kurg it ~P to rest a 
from labour; to desist ; to stop. 

1477. A distorted mouth. 

1478. The pointed top of a 

> a P ron S '" tne 
end of a stick for urging 
on a horse. 





1479. Some part of the 
trappings of a carriage. 

1 480. A horse with a white 

1481. To join or connect a 
bone ; to set bones. 

1482. t A succession of 
sacrifice', or that p irt of 
the ceremony which con- 
nects the several parts, 
as the pouring out of 
libations, to eat or drink. 
ChuK chub, meen shin hlh fp ,'jpj rj"j 
v3S Ss to eat congee and let the 

1^ \ l*Z 

fare become exceedingly black with 
dirt, as when mourning for parents. 


chili?, or ;Hi | Le'en chu?, 
1 ^^ To sip with rude noie by 
applying the vessel to the mouth 
and guggling down the liquid. 

ChuK tang 1 *& to swill down soup ; 
instead of taking a spoon lo it. 

1484. Unskilful; unable to 
learn; wanting in talents 
and ingenuity; stupid. 

Chu ke :J$} j|4-a stupid bad plan ; 
a man who exposes his silly schemes. 

ChuS king 1 tt|J n affected expres- 
sion for my wife. 

Chug lewu | ~J* 'nil ; stupid ; im- 
penetrable to reason or common 

ChuS sing 1 J|)?fc a stupid disposition. 

Ihurprih | an unskilful writer, 

a bad scrilr. 
Chuu swan \\ a bad speculation ; 

a i absurd ca dilation. 

1485. A tree without branch- 
es. Also read Na, and T6b, 
denoting The top of a poit 

or pillar. 

1486. The appearance of 
plants at first budding forth. 
To bud or issue forth. Read 

Chun, The name of a plant 
ChuS chwang ~?rF ^H- gradually in- 
creasing in size and strength, u plants 
and animals. 

1487. The cheek bonw ; the 
appearance of the head. 


Manuscript Dictionaries Chtten ; confounded with Tteuen. Canton Dialect, Chime. 

( Keuen. 1488. *4rill; abrook. 

^ Kwan, A streamlet; a rivulet. 

W! Chuen, JUany itreami run- 
ning into each other and firming 
a river; streams of water flow- 
ing into each other; flowing; to 
flow. Same as the following. 

Ill 1489. t-s/e-chiicn JJ[J JJj 
a province on the west of 
/ M China. 
Chuen-pe M tne anchorage for 

TikT. II. 

c 2 

ships of war at the entrance of Can- 
ton river ; commonly written Chum- 
pee. Also written !nL Cbuen. 
j| J^ Chuen-pee-wan, The bay to 
the Southward, callvd Anson's bay. 

Chuen lew puh eth ' 
interminable flow. 

1490. Water flowing in 
streams j name of a river. 

1491. To direct the eyes to 
one point, as a stream flows 
in one direction , to gaze ; 

to look intently. 

1492. A gold ring for the 
arm ; an armlet < a bracelet 
of gold or of any valuable 

stone; a surname. Chae chuen J)^ 

i|)|] g'd P ms * r ^ na ' r ' ant " )race ' 
lets for the arms. . 





1 49S. - To turn the back to 
w hen sleeping -, opposed to ; 
to oppose; to contradict; 

erroneous. Read Chun, Mixed ; 


^ % 



Chuen p ^ j|* opposed to; to 

oppose ; to contradict 
Chuen tsing 1 (jyJT- of discordant dis- 


Chuen tsS 1 ^g erroneous ; mixed 5 
confused ; in disorder. 

1494. A bamboo or reed 
employed to connect things 

JL 1. ' 495 - The old leaves of tea ; 

Jh^jJ^ deemed, in the Chinese 

X^ Dictionary, better than the 

young leaf. 5C ^S. Cha chuen, 

old tea was considered as wine. 

1496. Flowing in different, 
or opposite directions. 
Read ['] Sleeping with 

the feet inwards from the door ; the 
custom of the barbarians of Cochin- 
china. When a man is about to die, 
his feet are turned towards the door. 
A precious stone found in a par- 
ticular way. 

1497. One; alone; oneness 
or uniformity of pursuit. 
To turn to one point; to 

apply to solely ; undivided atten- 
tion to ; to assume to act for one's self 
without regard to others. A sur- 
name. Tsze chuen & ^i to take 
upon one's self. 

jQ close and undivided 

application of mind. 

Chuen e 1 ^Ejj close application to 
any purpose; on purpose. 

Chuen kung j JJJ to apply to one 
object; not to distract the attention 
by dividing it. 

Chuen fang JJJL\ to p i ace the 

Chuen chung j ^g^ affection on 
one person, or concubine. 

Chuea tsiih ching j jg ^ to be 
charged with one thing, one depart- 
ment, and to apply solely to that. 

Chuen y ih ] to apply only to one 

^_j- 1498. To transfer to; to 
-^1 y^ deliver over to in succession; 

" ^ to communicate informa- 
tion; to deliver an order; to pro- 
mulge ; to record ; to hand down to 
posterity; to send by express ; a kind 
of pass ; to follow in succession. 

Read [/] The instructions, or 
books containing the instructions of, 
moral writers, pf -jj| $ ^ jfr 
Ko chuen yu how she, Worthy to 
be transmitted to succeeding gener- 
ations, jg ft ;jg ] Leg tae 
seang chuen, Transmitted through 
successive generations. iji j Pe 
chuen, To transmit secretly ; some 
secret, as the composition of quack 
medicines, &c. communicated by 
others. ^ I Tsoo chuen, Re- 
ceived from one's ancestors. jfe 
^ j Chun tsew chuen, Name of 
an Historical Work, by Confucius, 
one of the Five King. 

Chuen kung I |ih to interpret evi- 
dence ; an interpreter in Chinese 
courts, who understands the local 

dialects and explains to the magistrate 
the evidence given ; often in a dialect 
with which he is not acquainted. A 
narrative ; memoir, or history. 

Chuen keaou le'Thjin ] f Aft A 
one who propagates principles of any 

to propagate 

Chuen keaou 

Chuen show J ^g to deliver to. 

Chuen sin J /J== to transfer any news 
or information. 

Chuen shoo =& to transfer or con- 
vey a letter. 
Cbuenshing J i|. to relate a report. 

Chuen taou | jg to promulge vir- 
tuous doctrines or principles. 

Chuen te wan chang I jtfg /JT TSj 
to transfer a written document from 
one hand to another. Chuen, ex- 
presses a person's having arrived at 
the age of seventy, from his then 
transferring the management of 
affairs to the hands of others. 

Chuen te |f to pass to, or present 
to for another person. To pass 
from one to another. 

Chuen yu she TjA tj r to props- 

gate in the world. 

Chuen wan fj to relate what one 

has heard. To tell that persons 
may hear ; to declare to. 

Chuen wei <f]J to transmit the 
throne to. 

J1499. t Chuen, Chuen, or 
Twan, To cut into parts; to 
mutilate. Read Chuen, used 
in the sense of ifi Chuen, which see. 





1500. One; uniform; lovely ; 
to accord with. 

Chuen wan fllS jr-jr to accommodate, 
s**r 7/u 

and endeavour to induce harmony 
and concord amongst many persons. 

11501. Chuen or Twan, To 
turn round ; to cause to 
circulate with the hand. 
To roll up; to bind. 
Occurs also in the sense 
of jfe Chuen, To unite 
in one; to assume or take under 
one's own controul or command, as 
several armies. 
Chuen shoo J8 3 name of a bird. 

1502. Chuen or Twan, Round; 
a hearse. 

1503. Name of a certain 
valuable stone. 

1504. - A man's name. 
Used for ^Chuen, A brick, 
or tile, or square of earthen 

ware, much used to pave floors ; any 
child's play thing, or tile on which 
women twist threads. Wa chuen 
?f /jjjE a brick or tile. Ho chuen 
Wf 1 a burnt brick. Too chuen 
1 a sun dried brick. Shth 
chuen ^ ] a stone flag. 

1505. To class; arrange; to 

1506. Chuen or Twan, A 
round bamboo utensil ; reeds 
or bamboos broken in order 

to divine with them. 

1507. To cut or mince meat ; 
to cut flesh into small pieces; 
*' to cut flesh ; a piece of flesh 
or meat. A man's name. 

1508. - Bricks or tiles; 
flags made of burnt bricks 
A kind of tile laid on the 
knee when twisting thread, by 
Chinese women. Sec ~fjji Chuen. 


1509. Bricks or tiles. Tiles 
which form a lube or spout. 

1510. The heel ; the ball of 
the leg. 

1511. ^ To turn; to turn 
about ; to turn round; to 
revolve ; a kind of cover for 

the top of a carriage. jBjjj| jjjsji Lun 
chuen, Revolving in a circle as a 
Chuen che |p( to send a message. 

Chuen che 1 *ff?too frequent changes, 

and too much bustle about things. 
Chuen shin urh keu B( jffi -~ 

to turn round and go away. 
Chuen yen ching kung j jj| Jty^ f? 

in the twinkling of an eye it ceases 

to exist ; all becomes a vacuum ; 

said of sensual pleasure and the 

vanities of the world. 
Chuen lun 1 ^ to turn a wheel; > 

the metempsychosis. 
Chuen yen yew tsing [J^ 'ff '|p| 

to roll the eyes amorously ; to ogle. 

Chuen yun ^ to revolve; to 
turn round ; to transport goods. 

Chuen seang heaou yew I *g jg{ 
~f~ to propagate vicious habits by 

the influence of example ; one having 
set the example ofexce<w, it pane* 
from hand to hand, and is imitated 
by all. 

Chuen wan choo J flS fS^ a turn- 
ing ; a corner. 

1512. Flexibility of voice. 
The chirping or song of 
bird; modulations of the 
voice, whether in birds or in men. 
?| [iM Shing chucn, Modulation* 
or inflections of the voice. ^ Sf. 

Jta Hfr ^P f$ ] sin n * en neaou 

shing tse'en chung chuen, At the 
new year the voices of birds are 
modulated in a thousand different 

wa ^- /fa $ W 1 Lew y in s 

pih chuen, The birds Ying, hop from 
tree to tree, chirping with numerous 

modulations of the voice. ffi jjjj: 

1*~ PJ 
Shing keaou chucn, A voice 

delicate and finely modulated. 

\5\3. The name of a place. 


the name of a 

151 -I. Fish of a large kind; 
fish that are found in the 
Tung-ting jfSJj|: lake. 

Part of a man's name ; also read 


1515. Chuen or Twan, The 
lower part of the character 
represents roots ; the upper 
part represents a thing growing out 
of the ground. The head, or the com- 
mencement of any thing; bearing 
the same sense as ftSj Twan. Also 

|| 1^ 





any vessel or uteusil hollow in the 

1516. To pant; to breathe 
quick, and short, as in asthma. 
1 Heaou chuen. 

as 1 B 

Tcih selh wei chuen seih, Disease<l 
breathing, makes shortness of breath, 
or panting. P 4 1 ^ 1 
Kow chung fa chuen, Began to 

Pnt. 5| P A 1 Chan S 
kow ta chuen, Gaped and panted 
exceedingly. |^jj ^ Chuen 

urn yen, To pant and speak. 

Sha-mHh defines ''. ^ j^ ffij 

jf!> ^JU> Ke yTh> urb se ' 1 ' ke ' h Tne 
breath rebelling (rising) and the 

breathing quick, and by Mi pjj& T^ 
^Q ^ Hoo helh pub seang tse, 
The expiration and inspiration not 
meeting each other. /fS- J^ 

chuen yih ke piih ning shih, He 
caused people to pant and breathe 
so that they could not eat. 
Chuen ting leaou |^ jgr 7* panting 
fit being over. 

1517. Chuy, Chuen, or To, 
To measure ; to weigh. 

1518. To breathe fast; to 

1519. A kind of basin or 

Chuen ' To Pt i to 
palpitate. Read Twan, The 
first budding forth; the 
origin ; regular j correct. 

l * 

1521. Insects; reptiles. 
Some say, those which have 
no feet; appearance of in- 
sects moving. 

1522. To number; number; 

complaisance ; mutual yield- 


ing to. A man's name. 

1523. - To carry the head 
high and firm ; to regulate ; 
to direct ; to pay close or 
particular attention to; appearance 
of respect and veneration ; eminent ; 
regular ; correct. 
Chuen chuen ^j ] attentive in the 

highest degee. 
Chuen che | ^jlj to decide; to direct. 

Chuen heun | JS l ^ e t' 1 ' f an an - 
cient Emperor, expressive of his emi- 
nence and correctness. 

Chuen mung ] ^^ a rude simplicity. 

1524. Haste; speed; to go 
and return expeditiously. 

1525. The name ofa bird. 

Seuen. 1 526. Tilings placed on 
a aland ; by allusion to the stand, It 
denotes humble; by allusion to the 
tilings placed on it, To select and 

1527. * Chuen, or Seaen, A 
stand or support ; to place 
on a stand. To arrange ; to 
put in order ; to prepare for publica- 
tion as a book ; to make or compose. 
To take hold of with the hand. 
Chuen shuh jj|f 3J^ to record ; to com- 
pose narratives; to write books. 

Chuen che wan tsze 

to compose letters ; to write ess lys 
orhistory. ^^ 1 Sew chuen, The 
first in rank amongst the literary, so 
culled from his composing the na- 
tional records. 

Chuen chang j fch to grasp a staff. 

ml 528. A kind of pearl is ex- 
pres eb dy ^ $& Chin- 

1 529. The collar of a gar- 
ment ; th-.t part which sur- 
rour.ds the neck ; a kind of 

selvage stitched ou to the border of 
a g irraent. 

1530. \ Chuen, Tsean, or 
Seuen, To compose; to 

"^ make, to write j to write or 
compose an essay or book. Compare 
with Tseuen. 

1531. s Food, provisions; 
victuals. To eat and drink. 

C|- 1532. The name of a fish, 
said to have no bones. 

1533. The earth wlvch is 
turned over by the plough; 
to mix or blend by plough- 

1534. The corner of a house; 
or a beam which supports it ; 
a round beam supporting 
the tiles of the roof; a square one is 
called Ml Kc5. 

/^ 1535. A dragon or other 
K*& % ure depicted on the 
^>/ sceptre-like stones of the 
Chinese, called ffc Kwei. 





1536. Appearance of a 
horse, rabbit, or other ani- 
mal walking. 

1537. A dog walking amongst 
the grass. 

1538. '- Chuen shoo 
4j ift or Chuen w5n 

\ f^ the ancient cha- 
racter called by Euro- 
peans, the Seal Character, 
from its being employed 
or seals, vases, and so on. To en- 
grave such characters. 

1 539. Chuen or Twan, To 
make the heel scrape the 
ground in walking ; to mark 

or engrave characters. Read Tub, 


1 540. To walk ; to go. 

1541. A certain bird. 

1548. C To connect things; 
connected as be:ids on a 
string. -23 tS Kow 
chuen, Connected, or combined 
with. Always taken in a bad sense. 
"{ ' !' 1 Kwan chuen, Strung ; passing 

Win e pfili kwan chuen, An inco- 
herent style. 

Chuen tung tsS pe jpj jflp vffl. 

clandestinely connected together 

for illegal purpose*. 
Chuen tsze 1 ^ a certain officer of 

the t'easurv and government stores. 
Chuen paou Mil crackers, made 

with gun powder. 

Chuen hS 1 >& to unite together. 
Chuen ke | &\~\ a scheme or 
Chuen mow j jj)j(j f intrigue that 

connects two or more persons. 

Chuen tun 1 ^ to combine to de- 
fraud a person. 

1543. A boat, ship, or 
other vessel for naviga- 
ting either the sea or 
a river. A suraame. The 
collar of a garment; a 
boat or small platter into 
which a tea cup is set. 
Hea chuen ~"|> ^p to go 
on board; to embark. 

Shang chuen _J^ I to disembark. 

V 1 Yang chuen, A foreign ship ; 

an European ship. ^ >(fil J^ ] 

Se-kwa-peen chuen, A chop-boat; 

i. e. in the jargon of Canton, a boat 

employed as a lighter to carry cargo 
to and from tl.e ships. 

Chuen choo ^ ship master or 
lord, is the common appellation f 
European Captains. 

Chuen-choo ho 1 - ja the cap- 
tain's investment 

1544. 3 To work a hole 
through; to perforate; to 
put on ; to clothe. 

Chuen-pe j } 3 an anchorage in Can- 
ton river.commonly called Chumpee. 

Chuen yang kwan sfh if. ia |=i jg 
to pierce the Yang leaf, and shoot 
through a louse (with an arrow.) 

Chuen sban ke5 J |J_j H3 a certain 

Chuen fang she hwan ] j^ ^ tfji 
a maid servant to be called to any 
part of the house. When these words 
are inserted in purchasing a slave 
girl, it is understood that she is to 
become a concubine. 

Cbuen chang che ] jj|) ^p a diseae 
which obtrudes the larger intestines. 

1545. To take offthe skin. 

1546. Chuen, or Swan, Af. 
fairs fully provided for. To 
collect together. 







Manuscript Dictionaries, f *<>'. Confounded with Tsuk. Canton Dialect, Chetk. 

a certain 

1547. C. The bamboo, a well 
/\^\ known reed. One of the 
* J e 'g nt tones of the Chinese ; 
a thin slip of wood to write on. The 
name of a place ; of a plant; of a 
Tegetable; of afruit; of a wood; of a 
medicine; of a wine; of a species of 
rat; of a book; and of an official 
situation. ^ Chuh, or ^ 

Chfih-kan, Canes or bamboos placed 
erect. } ^ ChSh-keang, Wang- 
hees, or Japan canes. j ;jfc chh- 
poo, Irish linen, is so called. 

Chuh ye" Uing 1 -fe^ 
wine, or liquor. 

Chuh tse'en yew yun 

the hollow bamboo has a hard out- 
side ; is applied to a man of clear 
perceptions, and firm conduct. 

Chuh sun | ^a- sprouts of the bam- 
boo, which are eaten. 

Chuh teen ] W a mat made of 

Chuh sih || |gj the bamboo louse, 
an insect which destroys the leaf. 

Chuh yew tsze heung che luy 'I jfr 

$ life . fj( bamboos have fe- 
male and male species. 
Chuh foo | |fW the skin or outside 
of the bamboo. 

Chnh keen j $f[ 1 the materials of 
Chuh pTh .^jj J which books 

were made, before the inTention of 

Chuh hwa ] ^ the flower of the 

bamboo. Chuh shih *jj^ the 

fruit of the bamboo. These are aid 

to be rarely produced. 
Chuhtsuyjih ] j| J the 13th of 

the 5th moon, the day when the 

bamboo is drunk. 

1548. Compound form of the 

1549. A bamboo. Name of 
a district; a surname. Teen 
chuh ^ ^ or jgj ] Se 

chuh, or Chuh kw5 j |p| India; 
its ancient name. Teen-chuh-hwang 
^r f& a certain medicine. 

1550. A certain musical in- 
strument made of bamboo, 
and having a certain num- 
ber of strings. To take up from the 

1551. To beat down as in 
forming a mud wall; to build 
mud houses or walls, 

~ I 

ChuhsMh J gg to build a mud house. 

Chuh ching j ^ to rear a city wall; 
to build a city. 

Chuh tseang . 

I to build a mud 

1552. To strike any thing 
with the hand. 

1553. Chuh or Shuh, A 
certain plant that grows 
amongst hills. See Shuh. 

1554. Smoke issuing forth. 

1555. Name of an animal 
said to have two heads. 

1556. A certain plant. 

L1557. The appearance of 
tralkii.g, walking forth. 


1558. Shuh-teih fifc jfJJ a 
certain double headed ani- 
mal. Same as 1555. 

^ 1559. Represents grass spring. 
^T""* ing forth. To go forth ; to 
* go outi to manifest; to 
write out; to produce; to beget. 
Read [P] To put out; to eject. 
The two pronunciations are,however, 
confounded. Under the first pronun- 
ciation, it is generally used as a 
Neuter and an Active Verb. To 
rhyme,readCheandj8h. jjj|| && {jj 
fi^ Suy pfe'en chfih j8h, To go 
out and in when one pleases. ;J& 
^ ] ^Wo yaou chfih kae, I 
want to go from home, ^tj yj& 
Na chfih lae, To bring out. -j^jj 

%. H J|j } H" 1 " 1 tso shin 
mo chflh shin ? What did be spring 

from? flfj^fl' 1 |pTap8h 
gae chfih thin, He doe not like to 
come forward to public service, jjj^ 
|[ P 1 Ho tsung kow chfih, 
Calamities proceed from the mouth ; 
i.e. unguarded or improper language 
causes much evil to individuals. 3D 

^ ||] ] Wo che tsze chfih, I, 
myself, produced him ; i. e. my own 
ion. j& I 3J$ Seay chuh lae, To 

write out. g] ] -fc JJJL 3J 

Naou chuh ta sze lae, To create a 
great disturbance. j|[ Tfo 

Loo chfih lae, To expose; to dis- 
cover. ffl 1 sha ? chfih,To for- 
give, or remit punishment. =T 
Tirg chijh, To select from amongst 

Chiih Chung ] 



fan, To rise superior to all others; 

a high degree of eminence. 
Chuh hoo j ^ to proceed from. 
ChOh hoo urh chay, fan hoo urh chay 



>t proceeds from you, and 
the consequence will devolve on you. 
Now used as a proverb. 

Chfih j fih ^ to go out and in, 
these two are opposites. 

Chuh juh woo she 1 ~A $ff- Bi 

I S \ y|li" My 

to go out and in at no regular time ; 
said also of the mind. 

ChHh jfih tsze tih j A 6 2S 

I ' v td j T 

logo out and in perfectly at one's 

own ease and pleasure. 
Chuh ke | j to emit fumej to 

revenge another person's quarrel. 
Chfihkepfihe ] it ^ ^exceed- 

ing what is thought of; occurring 

beyond one's expectation or calcula- 

Chfih kung I ^ to retire for the 

purpose of easing nature. 
Chuh-kTh j ^. to exceed due limits. 

II if* 
jjfr for a female to be 

married ; or to leave the house of 
her parents logo to that of her hus- 

Chfih lae j /^ out comes, are words 
often joined with other Verbs, and 
denote tlie completion of what is 
implied in the Verbs. 

Chuh raing 1 J famous. 

Chflh mun p^ to go out of the 
door; denotes either to go from 
one's own house to some other part 
of a tow.i or village ; or to go from 
oue's native place to a distance. 

Chuh ne juh che ] 
to come forth from the mire and enUr 
amongst fat; to cm matt- from po- 
Terty and attain to affluence. 

Chuh the I ^tbto come into thr 

world. ^ J Kwo .he, Togo 

out of it. 
Chfih-shin j Sf refers to a person's 

parentage and circumstances in child- 

hood and youth. ^^Laeleth, 

the circumstances of a man's parent- 

age and progress up to manhood. 
Chub shing j ^ to utter the voice 

or other sound. 

Chuh tse ] :|3Pto repudiate a wife. 
Chh tsang yin tsze | j| &3 3. 

new whole dollars. See $& Suy. 
ChBhsze ] or | fc C hfib Jin, 

to enter on the magistracy. 
Chah tow | ^ *o put out the head; 

i.e. figuratively to stand forward 

to act for others. 
Chfih tow | jg breaking out of a 

pustule, as the small pox. 
Chuh yew | ^ to go forth to 


1 560. A short appearance. 

1561. Sorrowful; mental 
concern. Read Tfib, alarm- 
ed ; apprehensive. 
Chuh Jen ke yay fjjj fjfa ^fj ^ 
became sorrowful. 

1662. Chfih, or Tuh Chfih 
Puf Pi)', shameless; no sense 
of propriety. Read Heih, 
To rail or scold. Read Kcih, To 



1563. Appearance of water, 
or of water issuing forth. 
Read Kfih.Water settled or 

stagnant. Occurs denoting to pass 
through or ford ; to steep in water. 

1564. The appearance of 
coming out of a den or 
cavern, or of being station- 
ary there. One nays, The appearance 
of an empty space, as the mouth 
of a cavern. 

1565. Sound; noise. 

1566. To blame and to de- 
grade; to put out of office ; 
to expel; to drive away; 
to exterminate. 

Chuh chth HJ |g to de&rade fron , 

Chuh 18 keu leaou 1 $& 3p -r to 
I /TT -^ s J 

send down to a lower rank. \ 
Chuh chih ] ffi to degrade, nLj to 

1567. Chuh or Chow. 

15D8. A certain part of a 
loom ; that which takes up 
the woof, jjvj* i[|j Choo 
chow, Are two parts of a loom ; the 
one takes up the warp, and the other 
the woof. 

1 569. The stern part of a boat, 
where the rudder is grasped 

or fastened. To chuh fy\> 

The tiller. 


1510. A certain part of the 
axle of a carriage. Hilarity ; 
alaciily; cheerfulness. 

1571. From Black and Field ; 
black loamy land, fit for 
pasture. Domesticated ani- 
mals, which are the care of the shep- 
herd, and which are offered in sacri- 
.fice. In the pasture, they are called 
ChBh; when about to be used, they 
are called Sang ^_. To feed; to 
bring together as a herd. To endure 
or bear with. To raise ; to obey ; to 
yield filial obedience to; to de- 
tain. A surname. Formerly read 
HeBh, To stop. The great and little 
Chfih, are certain of the Kwa or Dia- 

Chfih muh ^g T^ animals under the 
care of the shepherd, at grass. 

Chfih chung tung 1 5e gj to herd 
together boys for unnatural purposes. 

Chtih tlh <f|| to cherish or cul- 
tivate virtue. 


^- Bent; made to crouch or 

13-1 stoop. Occurs in the sense 


of -gT Chfih, Domestic animals. 

1573. Female gracefulness 
a "d elegance. 

1574. To nourish; to in- 
duce; to be proud; to dis- 
lik;.to hate, 

1575. To push ; to shake and 
cause pain ; to drag 


157C. To collect amass of 
- ^ ^ water ; water running to one 
Yj^ reservoir ; to collect or 

crowd together ; rapid ; to excite. 
Chfih ta pT V$? water running witk 
riipiility to one place. 

JL a. 1577. t To collect; to accu- 
mulate; to hoard; to keep 
with care. To nourish or 
take care of; to feed ; to bring up ; to 

Chuh tseih ^ ^ | to accumulate; 
Chuhtseu 1 E|>s J to collect many 

things together. 

Chuh IcTh | -ft to be careful of 
one's strength, and not exert it uu- 

Tyk to rear pigs. 
| to breed horseg. 
^ to feed, as cattle. 

1578. A kind of bag for 
keeping clothes in; to put 
up, or place clothes in safety. 

1579. Chuh or Ch5, Name 
of several rivers, muddy; 
thick; foul water. The 

mme of a st ir ; a surname. 

Chuh sze ch8 tsOh j|n jftff *M EJ 
with' the foul water wash the feet. 

Chuh she j|f" a vicious stale of 
the age; prevailing corruption and 
T'ICC; it implies that these originate 
with the heads of the government. 

Chuh tsing 11 jjij: foul and clear; 
corrupt and pure. 

1580. The light of a candle; 
a candle; to illumine, as by 
the sun or moon. The name 

of a star. Forms part of the name 


of a medicine. A surname. Also 

read Choo. 
Chuh chaoii $jw 03 t illumine ; to 

illustrate ; to apply light to, physi- 
cally or morally 
Chuh le | Jj| to state clearly ; to 

discriminate j to illustrate given 

Chuh che ke | ?g ^fi. when a light 

approaches rise as a mark of respect. 

1581. *- A high degree of 
anger; wrath; rage. A 
man name. Read Tsan, 

The root of a plant. The name of a 

1582. Chuh or Tow, A 
measure for grain ; to walk 
with strenuous effort. To 

commute according to tke value. 

1583. An erroneous form of 
IK Chub, see below. 

1 584. A sash or girdle. 

1585. tTo push as with the 
horn of an animal; to gore; 
to oppose ; to strike or hit 

against; to offend; to excite. A 
man's name. 

Chuh fan jiffi iVi to affront intention- 

Chuh fan JjH to push against a 

fence, like a sheep; a person who is 

Chuh ban j ^ to take cold. Chuh 
is also applied to heat. 

Chuhluy j :*5 to understand a whole 
I t^jf\ 

species, by hitting on an individual. 

PA*T. II. E 2 


Chuh noo 1 fe to excite a person's 

Chuh muh king sing | 9p ^ 

to strike the eye and rouse the mind; 

applied to the style and sentiment 

of books or essays. 
Chuh choo tungjen | ^ Jfpj ^ 

whatever (subject) he attacked, he 

clearly understood. 

1586. The appearance of 
walking; a child's mode of 

1587. Footsteps. CMhchfih 

chfih, Stamping with the 
foot; progressing in an interrupted 

1588. t Name of a plant. 
A certain poisonous or stu- 
pyfying plant. 

1589. Chnh or Shuh, Relat- 
ed or pertaining to; is. See 

1590. Abbreviated form of 
the preceding. 

1591. To bid ; to order, to 
give orders to; to engage 
another person to do. 

Chuh tS P&j i^ to engage a person 

to do. 
Chuh shoo I ga written will or 

Chuh foo | pj^ to charge; to enjoin. 

1592. Respect; -veneration; 
the obedient and respectful 
deportmeutof a wife 


1593. To jraip; to 

1594 To afford li^'litU); to 
shew the way with a light. 

1595. Chuh-chuh, Respectful 

/ v IttF profound veneration ; pro- 
<r\] grossing as the planets with- 
out any disccrnablc path. 

1596. To afford light to; 
to light ; to illumine. 

1597. A sash or girdle. 

1598. To look with 
earnestness ; to gaze in- 
tently; to look to 

1599. A certain insect; a 
local word for the spider. 

1600. Walking in a respect 
ful sedate manner. 

&She. 1601. dpig. 

1602. A path trodden bj 
cowi or horses. 

1603. A bird eating; to pick 
up food with the beak ; to 
peck. Also, read ChS, and 

Chow, in the same sense, which tee. 





1604 To propel; to push 
or drive out; to expel; to 
drive with haste; a state of 
excitation. To take out the several 
topics or subjects from amongst 
many, and to attend to each apart. 
Chuh chuh ZjS til "i to drive out; to 
Chuh keu I ^ / expel. 

ChQh-chuh, Sincere; substantial ; suc- 
cessive ; reiterated ; interrupted 
schemes or labour. 

Chuh yih I to take each subject 
apart by itself. 

1605. A certain species of 

W '~ 

"\ >O bamboo. Read Tefh, A mu- 
sical reed with seven holes. 

1606. Weeds; useless herbs. 

1 607. A kind of leech. 

108. Vulgar form of \ 
Chuh, An axle or roller. 

1 609. To leap ; to skip. 

i Chuh yu; 

a certain musical instru- 

1611. Appearance of eating i 
a kind if cake. 


161!. Macbtlh 
name of an animal. 

1613. Good expressions to 
|L?V/ the gods ; blessings ; to bless 
'I*/ ^^ divine being*. To decide. 

A surname. Its opposite is sj], Tsoo, 

To curse. 

Chub tsou JJ|J =g blessings and pray- 
er? | to pray. 

& 1614. Chuh 

the name of a bird. 

1615. Chuh, or Me chuh 
(^ IJjJI rice boiled to a 
kind of gruel or conge*. 
Chuh chuh 1 J weak- 
ness; disability. 

1610. Excessive rain; heavy 

1617. Upright (equal; equity ; 
high; emi.iei.ti to raise on 
high. Lofty and luxuriant 

] aspiring peaks of 
mountains <>houtir.g up. 

call to. The noise made in 
culling to fowls by those 
who take care of them. The sect 
THOU has a person they call ijijj 
Hf |& Chah-ke-ung, The old fowl- 






Manuscript Dictionary Chun ; confounded with Shun. Canton Dialect, Chun. 

Ifll9. --Representingplants 
first buddirg forth with 
difficulty ; the lower part 
represents the curved 
end <jf i he root. All crea- 
tures beginning to grow, 
or to exist; thick, enduccd with dif- 
ficulty; sparing, unwilli- g to part 
with. One of theKwa,or Diagrams. 
Bead Tun, To collect together and 
italion ; stationary soldiers who cul- 
tivate the ground. 
Chunkekaou dl j[L ^ to fatten or 

I >* \ r^ 

enrietrxn a sparing manner; to con- 
fer favours. 
Chun kwa | ^ one of the Diagrams. 

\^ 1620. Chun chun, Obscure un- 
\*^rf intelligible language. Also 
^^ read Tun. 

1621. A bamboo round bask- 
et to contain rice. A small 
granary. Also re-d Tun. 
Considered a vu'gar form of ^ 
Tun. ^ fi|[J Me tun, A wooden 
receptacle for grain. 
Chun teeth 1 ijvj| to forestall and 
hoard up grain. 

1622. Tun. Mournful: sorrow- 
ful ; in a confused manner. 
Read Chun, A man's name , 

and reiterated Chun-chun,To instruct 
persons in unwearied diligence. 

1623. A certain large wood 
fit for making stringed 

1624. Chun-seih *g ^ 
laid up for a long night ; 
coffined ; to put into a coffin. 
Chun s?'ih che kit g 1 ^ "jX CT^ 
respectful contribution to the coffin- 
ing , is written on the envelope of a 
small present sent to the person who 
presides at the funeral, a universal 

1625. Deep sunken eyes; 
dull , stupid. 

1626. Shun. Silk threid;, 
pure; unmixed; unspotted; 
great. Read Chun, or Keun, 
The ornaments at the lower part of 
a garment ; the fringe ; a cap embroi- 
dered with black and white silk. 
Read Tun, To roll up or roll round; 
to bind with. Read Tsuen, The 
whole of; the complete number. 



Chun slh JJSJJ ^fi one unmixed colour. 

Chun joo 1 fjjji a person decked 
with the garb or name of a scholar, 
without the reality. 

1627. Chun chun. Appearance 
of speaking in a confused 
manner ; to siy to repeated- 
ly. Read Tun, Loquacity. 

1628. C. Earnest; honeiti 
sincere appearance. Flesh 
dried in a particular way. 
The bones of the face. 
Chun che | |$ to hold or grasp with 


Chun kan Iff*' 4 * 16 storaacn "^ 
liver of a bird. 

1629. Wine of a superior or 
excellent quality. 

1630. Difficulty of progress- 
ing, appearing to make no 
progress; labouring without 


^_ 1631. Chun chim, To say 

YfVJ over and over again ; to 

IT* enjoin repeatedly. 

1632. Chun or Chan, A mark 
to be- shot at wit an ar- 
row, also written Hfc Chun, 



A mound of earth. Read To, A 
path or walk appropriated to archrry . 
Read Tuy, Earth or clay raised up 
so as to form a mound. Read Kw8, 
jWj| KwS-twan, The name of a 

1633. -ChunkThj 1 ^ | 
Solidity or sincerity of 
heart or mind. Chun 
how 1 Hf. to behave 


to persons with since- 
rity. Plain, honest and 

1634. Read Tun, Denoting 
substantial ; sincere ; friend- 
ly, and other senses. Read 
Chun, in the same sense as the fol- 

%__ 1635. -Chun or Shun, Clear; 
pure ; unmixed ; to wash or 
lranse ; part of a military 
carriage. Great. 

Chun lo '/? rei salt bad land. Chun- 
chun, The appearance of flowing and 
Chun fung JjjJ a pleasant breeze. 

1636. To state to very 
fully and impressively; 
to inculcate. Chun chun 

to inculcate repeatedly; 

to instruct with un- 
wearied assiduity; indefatigable in 

1637. Thick) substantial; 


1638. c - Spring season; 
the beginning of the year, 
when all nature buds 
forth. A surname ; name 
of a liquor and of a 
flower ; figuratively im- 
plies hilarity ; prosperity ; 
VT^ wantonness. Chun tsew 

tumn. Name of an his- 

_t torical work compiled 

AST by Confucius, giving 

r I I an account of the sixth 

century before the Christian era. 

Chun fung JIH vernal breeze; 
pleasing countenance. 

Chun fun /rp March 22nd. The 
Spring term. 

Chun sTh TD tables with trees, 

flowers and living figures on them, 
paraded about the streets. 

Chun new j ^ a clay buffalo em- 
ployed at the rites of Spring. 

Chun hea tsew tung j jp. <>J 
Spring, Summer, Antumn, Winter. 

Chun yu joo kaou rrfn frn igfC 
vernal showers are like molifying 

Chune 1 =^1 

I i\J< I refer to the ani- 

Chun kung J ^. J mal intercourse 
of the sexes, and obscene pictures. 

chun, To blow. 

1340. A woman's name, A 
beautiful woman. 


1641 Confused; disorder; 
agitation and embarrasi- 
raent of mind. 

Chun-rliun ^K appearance of 

being shaken and agitated ; disturbed 
as by grief. 

164-2. Name of a certain 
long-lived tree. Chun or 
Chun-tang ^ >jj? is used 
to designate a father; a numeral of 

Chun heuen ping mow j ^ j} jW? 
father and mother both in excellent 

health. YTh-chun-kwae-sze 1 

a P lcasin o 

1643. C Name of a certain 
valuable stone. 

1644. White colour. 

1 645. A thick clump of bam- 

1646. Long eyes. Name of 
a king of Corea. 

1647. To move; a kind 
of internal crawling mo- 
tion like that of insects; 
simple; foolish, doltish. 
Chun tsze & 3* silly ; 
stupid ; foolish. Che- 

chun $fl 1 expresses 

the same. Chun tung 

j !|y to move; to 

CHUN ; to stir up one's self in a proud 
ignorant manner. 

Chun pun woo che ^ 3|E ffl 

stupid and ignorant. 

1648 - Name of a plant; to 
push forth as plants; mixed ; 

1649. Fat ; fleshy ; unctuous. 

1650. Rich; wealthy; affluent. 

1651. Blended; mixed. Per- 
verse and erroneous. Chun 
keaou I j|jj[ mixed; a 
variety of colours. 

1652. A central door. 

165S. A speckled or spotted 
horse; a dull horse. 

1654. Name of a tea fish. 

. Name of a bird. 


1650. \ To approve; toallow; 
toprant; to decide; to de- 
termine; to fix previously. 
Common form of the following. To 
receive. Tsze chun Jfj^ or 
]} Chun tsze, Occurs in govern- 
ment papers in the sense of receiving 
a document from a superior officer. 

Chun hing ^R; JTT grant to be done; 
to allow a thing to be done. 

Chun kefh j ^ to permit ; to give 

to ; to give permission to. 
Chun yu tsih yue nuy hwuy kwang 

decided or settled to return to Can- 
ton during the 7th moon. 
Chunpe | j^y to prepare for. 

1657. ^ To equalize; to adjust; 
to fix ; to allow ; to mark ; to 
weigh ; to measure ; a mark 
or measure by which to adjust. Name 
of an office, and of an instrument of 
music. ?ee the preceding. Also 
read Chue, The cheek bones; the 
tip of the noise is called B 
Pechun. Tuychun^^K j to adjust 
by weighing ; to weigh. 
Chun che ] jtff to give the worth of 
one commodity in another, and so 
close the transaction ; to barter. 

( HUN 


Cliiin shing ] jjjijj a marking line, 
such a ii ued by Carpenters. 

Chuntsth ^ |||Ja rule, a law. 

Chun It- | i^l a goddeit with nu- 
merous ami', indicating her power 
to save. 

1658. Chuen, or Shun. A 
kind of shield. Name of 
an office ; of a certain coun- 
try; and of an star. Read Tun, A 
man's name. Maim tun -/ Jfi ;i 
spear and shield ; contradictory 
speech ; to contradict one's self. 

1659. A cloth or hag to 
contain rice. 

1660. To walk ; to go. 

1661. A hearse; a carriage 
to convey a coffin ; a kind 
of sledge for passing through 

miry places. 

1662. A certain bird. 

1 663. A vehicle for carrying 
a coffin; a kind of hearse. 

.*RT II. 







Manuscript Dictionaries, Chung. Canton Dialect, Chung. 

1664. -Chung. The middle; 
the centre; within; half. 
Read Chiing, Keu-shing, is 
a Verb To hit the centre; to attain 
the object. pfy fy Nuy chung( 
Within; included in the number; 
amongst. ^ fa J ^ Tmg 
tsae chung keen, Put it in the midst, 
or within. ^ | ^ Puh chung 
yung, Not of any use, not answering 
the parpose. <f|( ^ | Kea puh 
chung, Price not coming up to what 
is wanted. ft J g? j Ta 
chung cherhing, Holding the perfect 
medium without the least deviation 
from rectitude ; said in praise of 
persons. J{ j Jj n chung, The 
middle part of the upper lip ; imme- 
diately below the partition of the 
ostrils JjQ ] I-ang chung, A 
certain officer in the government, at 
the capital. ^g j Tang chung, 
In the middle. jj ^ j ^ Wo 
puh chung e, I don't wish, or like. 
I Leang chung, To guess right. 
[ Ping chung, To take hold 
of the middle; and act justly. fjj 
j Sze chung, Name of a star. jP 
I -Q wi Ch'ng chung kehwae, 
To hit Uie sentiment or opinion which 
exists in another person's breast. 

Chung che ] ^ the heart. 

Chung e j TaT to hit one's wish ; to like 

Chung too urh fei ] ^ ffjj ^ 
stopping in the midst of one's pur- 

Chung han ^ ill, from the influ- 
ence of cold. 
Chung hing 1 

[ to rise in insur- 

rection in the midst of the empire. 

Chung keen 1 [til ' the middle, 

I I^J 


Chung kw5 [^j or 1 |JB [^ 

Chung hwa kw3, The central aud 
flourishing nation ; viz. China. 

Chung keen J RH the middle. 

Chung ke'S I '!^ name of a military 
officer of the 3d rank. 

Chung keun | ^ lower, inner gar- 
ments ; under-petticoats. 

Chun taou urh le'ih | ^ Tnt j 
st Hiding in the middle path; said in 
a moral sense. 

Chung leu S a certain part of 

the year. 

Chung kw5 che choo teen j ih che paou 

1 ft X Fl -& 

the Sovereign of China is a manifL'S- 
tation of the sun in the heaveos; suid 

by a Tartar over-powered by th* 
glories of the Emperor. (A. D. 1060.) 

Chu-ig shoo I ^- ill, from the in- 
fluence of heat. 

Chung tsew j ^||] to become intoxi- 

Chung tin;; j 'jjj a principal minis- 
ter of state. 

Chung pSh tth ] xj\ ^ cannot hit 
cannot attain to eminence. 

Chung tang Jin te } % A$ 
mediocrity of talent. 

Ciiuug too 1 ^ half way, either li- 
terally or figuratively. 

Chung tsew tsee ] ^ ^jj" a term 
which occurs on the 15th of the 8th 

Chun vS 1 f^i a mountain in Ho-nan. 

n J | *jlfy\ 

Chung yung J3^ the second of 

the Four-Books of Confucius. 
Chung yuen 1 j^l the half of a dollar. 
Chung yang -Jf^ the centre. 
Chung kwS jin ^ /^ a C!u-ie'!s. 

Chung jin ] A r 1 f^ A 
Chung paou jin, A person who acts 
as a mediator, or aegociator bi:twec n 
two others. 

Chung jin | A or 1 ^f /Hi A 

Cluing tang teih jin, A man possess- 
ing a mediocrity of talent. 





Chung kcu-jin y$& A to obtain 
the rank of Kcu-jin, viz. a certain 
literary rank. 

1665. From Man and Middle. 
The second in order of three. 
An instrument of music. A 
surname. Part of the name of Con- 
fucius, he was called frfl ItJ 
(hung-ne, from being the second 
brother. <jp j PTh chung, Two 
brothers ; the elder and the younger. 
Kwau chung, Brothers. 
Kwan, denotes those elder than the 
person addressed ; Chung, denotes 
the younger, /tf y& 'UL , 
Yew ke wei kwan chung ? How many 
brothers have you? 

Four brothers beginning with 
the e'dest are called fa \ ffi 
^ PTh, chung, shiih, ke. The eldest 
may also be called jj6 Ma,. . 

The three months of each season 
of the year, have the words jg 
J2 Ming, chung,ke, Applied to them 
in order. ThusJjJ 1 Mang chung, 
denotes the first month in Spring. 
1 ^Hi Ch un g' lea > The second month 
in Summer, or the fifth of the year. 
Z& %. Ke tung, The last month of 
winter, or the last month of the year. 
In these senses, PR Churg, Without 
Man by the side, is son.etimes used. 
Four Twin brothers, are called in 
order, ~f- "jfa IP J# Tsze, mang, 
chung, shiih. 

Chutig foo j / father's younger 

Chung-ne j Jf? Confucius. 

1 1^ 

> yyy 


1666. vA luxuriousncsi of 
herbage ; plants growing 
thick and rank. 

1667. - To shake; to 
agitate; to fly up; con- 
cord ; deep ; hollow. 
Written )l|j Chung, the 
same as with three dots -, 
and also Delic ite ; young ; 
to fly up to heaven, or to dart 
suddenly to a place ; the sound of 
pieces of ice rushing against each 
other; ornaments which hang 
down. The sense to fly is also 
expressed by fjjl Chung. -^ 

1 A % ]>L^, ya cniin sJ in 

f8h keih che, I a young person had 
not attained to a proper knowledge 

of things. S 5$ 1 1 
Ts5 ping chung chung, The noise of 
breiking ice from the hills. 
3& ] ^ Yih fei chung teen, 
Dart to heaven at a flight. jjji|| g^ 
\fe Keen ke chung 
seaou han, The glare of the swords 
tlart high as the heavens. Seaou 
denotes the clouds ; Han, the Milky- 


1 Luh yuS urh sluh woo jlh 
chung, Despatched on the 25th of 
the sixth moon ; said of a letter. 
To rhyme, read Chung. 
Chung fung piS chin [ $| ^ [Ttjl 
to rush upon an enemy and break 
their ranks; to charge an enemy. 

Chung han 1 ^ to take cold. 

Chung j>5 | ifijij? to break or de- 
feat, either literally or figuratively. 

Chung tung jfijfj to ilukc, lo 

1668. A woman's name. 

1669. A respectful tedata 
feeling; upright; uprights 
ness. Faithfulness; fidelity; 

not double-minded ; not selfish. 
Honest ; devoted ; patriotic. Name 
of a distric t, and of a sea. 

Chung chin $* Ef a faithful seryaut 
of the crown, a patriotic statesman. 

Chung chin J=J^ faithful and un- 
corruptcd, as a public servant. 

Chung c 1 ^g hone- 1 and eminent- 
ly devoted to right principles, with 
out regard to consequences. 

Chung how shun yTh I JJI? JJ-iji - 

fidelity and singleness of intentions. 

Chung kang I j[^ faithful and up- 

Chung lee | 3?'] vehemently faith- 
ful to a deceased husband. 

Chung sin j jj*\ sincere ; faithful. 

Chung yen ni-8 urh j "p" j^ J^l 
faithful words grate the ear. 

Chung how | Ip. faithful and ho- 

^ I 1670. Sorrowful; mournful; 

^TM t jrieved or distressed in mind. 

| I Chung-chung, expresses the 



1671. The appearance of 
water, deep and widely 
spread ; an extensive sheet 
of water. 

1672. Sorrowful; mournful. 







1673. C- An empty or 
hollow vessel, a cup. 
Occurs in the sense of 
Jrh Chung. Cha chung 
^ Ji a tea cup. Tsew 
chungy| j a wine cup. 
Ne chih tib, ke chung ^ ^ fff 
fe ] how many cups (of wine) 
can you drink? 

1674. Young grain. A sur- 

1675. To bore or work a hole 
in the middle. 

1676. A certain species ef 
bamboo or reed. 

1677. N'ame of a plant. 

1678. Insects in the midst 
of a thing j insects eating or 
devouring a thing. 

1679. f Applied to punish- 
ments, denotes Justice 
and equity, neither too 
severe, nor too light ; 
what is right and just. 

[* ] The garment* 
withinside; the garments 

ordinarily worn about one's person; 

internal moral goodness; sincerity 

of heart; moral rectitude,- sincerity. 

Internally j to perceive thoroughly ; 

to wind about the heart. The heart ; 
the mind. 4ft I ChiS chung, 
To dicide equitably between con- 
flicting opinions. 

Chung ching j J internal rectitude 

of mind. 
Chung hwae | ||| the mindj the 

heart ; the feelings. 
Chung tang j $= rightly adjusted. 

Chung tsing ] 'JS something on the 
mind undivulged. 

1 680. Trowsers or breeches. 

1681. To fly straight up. 

1 682. Chung, or Leaou chung 

1683. - Chung. To fill; 
to fill an office; to carry to 
the utmost extent of; to 
fulfil the duties of; to act 
in the capacity of. To stuff 
or stop up. Sufficient; 
prepared; excellent; to fatten; to 
satiate. Long; high. A surname. 
Formed from -fc Tiih, To issue 
forth suddenly; and ^ Jin, Man 

-E^ffi 1 nfiw 

chin pull ning chung urh yiih, One 
person cannot fulfil the duties of two 
services. fc ] g ^ Ching 

chung mae pan. To fill the situation 
of a Compradore; or one *ho pur- 
chases provisions and necessaries for 1 

Piih ning chung mwan jin sin, Can- 

not satisfy the heart of man "di 


j jIjC ^H Sze chang thing chung, 
Excessive service (required) by go- 
vernment (and heavy taxes.) jjj& 
Dp ] JL Yew joo chung urh, 
Laughing as if their ears were stopped. 
It i> remarked that deaf people are 
found to laugh much. 

Chung jin ] ^ one who feeds and 

fattens animals. 

ChungshTh | ^stuffed; made solid. 
Chung tsflh yew yu ] jg ^ | 

a sufficiency; and something to spare. 

These expressions are understood 

both physically and metaphorically. 
Chung chih j ^-numerous, ex- 

tending far ; said of banditti. 
Chung hwuy | ^ to continue the 

meetings of society. 
Chung ke | jj|[ to satisfy hunger. 

Chung keun j 'jlj to fill the army ; 
to transport to a distance and give as 
slaves to the army. Such offenders 
are given only to the Tartar troops. 

Cluing peen shih fang j ||| -J- -fc 
filled every region ; the phraseology 
of the Buddhists. 

Chung tso j ^- to do ; to fulfil the 
doing of; to act in the place of. 

Chung tsuh J jg completely filled. 

Chung mwan ] j^j to fill , to occu- 
PJ * g'ven space. 

Chung jen rniih j [j^ g to per- 
form the task of spy or informer. 





1684. The heart moved; 
commotion of the mind. 

1685. To skip or leap. 

1686. The noise of water. 

1687. Sharp pointed bamboo. 

1688. Gems or other stones 
to hang at the ears. 

1689. Single garments. 

1 690. A certain plant. 

1691. * -Hollowed or borod 
with an axe. fhung-paou 


1692. To fill ; to occupy. 

169S. t- Animal', either 
inhabiting earth or water, 
which have feet; quadru- 
peds and bipeds; insects; 
those without feet are 
called ^ Che. Occurs 
ued for the following. A surname. 


Chung poo ^, ffl insect and reptile 
class ; it includes frogs and shell (Uti. 

1694. A kind of hot steam, 
fume, or vapour. 

r!695. Animals withoutfeet ; 

1096. The silk worm which 
is brought forth late in the 

1697. -- A species of lo- 
cust, also called Sf tjjfr 
Tsaou-chung. The names 
by -which the locust is 

known, are very nu- 

Bfr Chung 

sze, A locust said to 
bring forth ninety-nine 
at a time. 


1698. t- Heavy; weight; 
weighing; to give weight 
and importance to. Impor- 
tant! respectable. To be grave and 
decorous. Heinous, applied to crimes; 
Severe, applied to punishments. To 
reiterate; reiterated-, double. Ching- 
chung ^jK Si careful and attentive. 
S:m chui g che tsih Ifih ^ ~y 

-- I A^ 

B|J f^ three beingdoubled make six. 
Chung fooke pin \ ^ % ^f to 

pay deference to the rich and insult 

the poor. 
Chung jin lun A jjjp to regard 

with respect, and give weight to the 

relations of social life. 

Chung kan 1 ^fll to reprint ; to make 

a new edition of. 
Chung kwei J & to esteem vlu 

able. Kwei chung -fa J valuable 

and important. 
Chung lun | jjjjjj, Tumg chung lun 

'RC 1 r>fln or ^ Cnun 6 ' un W, 
p-OT are law phrases, denoting that 
the severest construction mutt be 
put on the case referred to. Exer- 
cising lenity, or putting a favorable 
construction on the circumstances, is 
expressed by tW? King, Light, in the 
place of Chung, in the above phrasei. 

Chung shth ylh kin 1 -j- Pp 

weighing eleven catties. 

Chung wei j /Jj an important and 
dignified elation. 

Chung teih | ^ to shade ; to veil 
Chung yang tse J K!- |j n a term 
which occurs on the 9th of the 9ta 
moon. The people fly paper kites. 

1699. H| J Lang chung, 
Not meeting with; not sue- 
ceeding^mbecility ; dotige. 
Syn. with iLj Chun b ', Irresolute. 

1700. To pierce or stab. 

1701. v To walk in the same 
footsteps ; to tread in a path 
which has been before trod- 


1703. Unable to speak, jljg 
IKS f hung yung, A dUpo- 
fition to vomit. Read 
Chung or Tsung, Flurried ; appear- 





ance of being hurried, or agitated; 

1703. A woman's name. 

1701. Slow; dull; heaTy. 

1705. t- To push and strike. 

1706. The milk of cows and 
horses. The sound of a 
drum; the sound of water 

1707. The appearance of 
fire rising up. 

1708. A pregnant cow. 

^^f^ 1709. ' To plant or sow, 

~yf*ae} see d ; sort; class or kiud; 

>J T' ^ tribe. The name of a place. 

The appearance of short hair; to 

spread' out as in scattering seed. 

Tsicbung^^ J mixed, or various 

Chung chung ^ j every sort and 

kind ; every species of. 
Chung hwa j /& to plant flowers. 

Hwa chung ^ | flower seeds. 
Chung luy Hf class ; sort; species. 
Chung chung pe twan 1 fife ^& 

every species of meanness and ille- 

Chung tow I ^j to plant the small 

pox; innoculate ; to vaccinate. 

1710. A swelling or puffing 

nil. A certain measure. 

1712. - Double suit of 
*J? clothes; thick; substantial. 
J ^* [ x ] To work or embroider. 

* -f , HIS. To swell; to grow 

f/l 3f tumid; a swelling; a being 

/ V'*J"> i nflated ; used physically and 


Chung ke tsing hlh )}g jg || M 
to swell up blue and black ; to bruise. 

1714. Lung chung 3S 
walking or acting in a dis- 
torted, deflected manner. 

11715. The heel of the foot; 
to follow at heel; to 
trace the same foot- 
ste P s ' lo act in the same 
wa J as has been done be- 

Chung urh hing che, To aot as pre- 
decessors have done. 
Chung sze tsing hwa j ^R. j-jfc 3fe 
to do as before with some additional 
shew and pomp; understood in a bad 

1716. Wings. 

1717. A woman pregnant. 

1718. A certain vessel to 
contain wine; to collect 
together ; heavy ; a certain 

measure; the natural talent conferred 
by Heaven, is called Chung, and 
HW Chung ling. The name of a 
nation ; of a district ; of an official si- 
tuation; and of a musical instrument. 
The appearance of shedding tears. 
Used also for ^f| Chung, A bell. 
Cha chung ^ j a tea cup. Tsew 
chung VjSJ I a wine cup. 

Chung ling yuh sew ^ ||| $J^ ^~ 
gifted with the most elegant talents, 
applied both to internal and external 

1719. Chung lung ^ ^ 
a certain bamboo fit for 
making a particular instru- 
ment; a certain bamboo utensil. 

1720. Name of a place. 

1721. A small bird; a spar- 
row or other small bird 

1722. Chung chang [ ^| 
a certain bird ; a small bird 

1723. Name of a certain Cib. 

H Tung. 1724. Mone ; a toy ; one 
tt'ho has no house or family. 
Cattle without horns ; hills without 
grass, and so on. 

1725. To pierce ; to stab. 





1736. Chung-Chung, The 
appearance of walking or 

1727. An unsettled state of 
mind ;' going backwards 
and forward* continually ; 
uninterrupted motion. 

Chung chung wang lae J ^J 

3fc incessantly going backwards and 
1 JL. 1728. A certain tree of the 


"JKVE} flower of which cloth can be 
I-, made ; a section of a tree, 
three cubits fire tenths long ; a staff. 

,_ JL , 1729. Chung or Tung, Name 
^/*Ft^ of a river and of a sea be- 
If ^~*~* yond the north pole. Chung 
chnng, High ; eminent. A river er 
stream spoiling a road ; wet ; damp. 
Chung yung j(|| |a,kind of elo-th 
cover for a carriage. 

1730. A thort spear or lance. 

1731; A particular species 
of grain or seed; to plant 

1732. A veisel or ship of 
war of a certain description 
is called )|g ||j Mung 


1 733. A species of locust. 

1734. Vacant; empty. 


1735. <-. To excite; to 
move; sudden motion ; 
abrupt) a path or tho- 
roughfare ; a kind of war 
T chariot, 1j wr Mung 
chung, A ship of -war. 
Chung chwang j Jig to rush abrupt- 
ly against; to offend by words. 

1736. A net to catch birds. 

1737. A kind of mole, other- 
wise called T 3* earth- 

. sy\i 


1738. Walking in a<listorted 
manner, like a child learning 
to walk ; to tread or walk 

upon ; also calledjbjfe jfjj! Lung chung. 

Chung ke mun I ~R, Pfl to tread 
the threshhold of a door. 

1739. - A bell; a bell for 
musical purposes ; certain 
tones in music. A bell for 

religious- temples, and for common 
purposes; any thing hollow that 
emits sound of whatever material 
made. The name of a uhce, and of a 
hill. Sluh chung ~Jn ffig a stone 

Chwang chung ^ j "^ to -strike or 
Ta chung |j j / riag a bel) 

Chung peaou ^ a clock. 

1740. From fa Paon, To 
enclose around ; the other 
part used for sound. A 
swellingmound of earth ; 
swelling high; the sum- 
mit of a hill. The 

mound of earth raised over grave*, 
and the surrounding ridge enclosing 
it. Chung, often denote! the grave 

Great ; the first and most honorably 
brn son is called ^& -? Chung 
tsze. llj | ^ ttj Shan chung 
tsiih piog, The rocks rush down from 
the summit of tha mountains. jF 

^XW I ?ffiB% 

'^ Che js foo yew chung tsze, ching 
yug Kea-tiih, As to the father's first 
born son, he is denominated Kea-tuh ; 
i. e. the ruler of the family. 
Chung keun S~ tha sovereign of 

I r~* 

a country. 
Chung too j ~fc a mound of earth ; 

an altar of earth on which to sacrifice. 
Chung tsae j ^P entrusted with great 


1741. A kind of war carriage. 

1742. A grave or sepulchre. 
$ ^ H W "& chung, A 
deserted grave ; a tomb it 
which no descendants worship. 



1743. Name of x hill; a hill 
like a gravr. 

174*. To fend offwatn 

%+Tung. 1745. The Utt of tile 
teutons, Winter. 

1746. \arae of a certain 





1747. -The end or close of 
a ball of thread ; the end of 
the year ; a space of twelve 

years ; the year under certain circum- 
stances; a certain portion of land. 
The end ; the termination ; the close ; 
the finit of a book. To end ; to 
terminate ; the close of S ^* 
Keun-tsze, A good man's life is 
expressed by Chung; of a mean 
man, by ^^ Sze, Death. A sur- 

Chung pfih kaekih S& 5N QV Ji 
never reform. 

Chung koo ~dj the whole of 


Chung she 1 $C to close the age ; 
to die. 

Chung shin J ft* the end of the 
body ; the close of life ; death ; to 
the close of life; the whole of life. 

Chung shin che sze 'Sf ~~/ IS. 

an affair that concerns one's whole life. 

Chung show 1 the end of one's 

Chung jm Q the whole day. 

Chung shin show yung 1 J=| t^ jijj 
a dgree of comfort and enjoyment 
all one's life. 

Che chung joe ylh jfe ^ 

the beginning and the end the same. 

1748. A certain bamboo ; a 
certain bamboo chest or 

1749. Chung kwei ^ ^ 
name of a certain plant. 

1750. The streaks orspoti 
of a tiger, red and black. 

1751. Chung and Tung, 
A certain watt r bird. 

1752. / A larjre concourse 
of; a multitude ; a great 
number. 'Many; the name 
of a (tar ; the name of a 
\^ff district ; the name of a 

^>f^fc plant. A surname. Chung 

to % ^ a great many. 
>> Chung shing | ||, 

'O f\*. great abundance andaf- 

fluei CJ. 

Chung lun 1 jfm the opinions of the 
multitude, or public opinion. 

Chung sing 1 / every living thing, 
all mankind; men generally. 

Chung sing keae yew Foh sing j / 
"itl" ^ f^ *|^ all mankind partake 
of the nature of Buddha. 

Chung yu J3-1 the rainy season. 

Chung jin h many men; the 


1753. A smaller stream run- 
n ' n g lnto * larger one. An 
assemblage of streams ; the 
noise of waters rushing to a point. 

1754. A certain animal like 
aleopard, but having ahorn. 

1755. Ease; leisure; re- 

^ fcr* 1756. Small rain ; the noise 
of rain. J f;|:j Chung- 
yu, A term ; the rainy season. 

1757. Q Affection; tender 
regard to; love; kindness, 
an honorable dwelling. A 
Chung gae n& ^? ardent affection; 


Chung tse'5 I ^^ a favorite concu- 
Chung e j 3- unusual kindness. 

Chung gan 1 B\ the most gracious 

and kind treatment. 
Chung setb [ ^ga favor or benefit be- 

stuwed iu the most gracioun manner. 

1768. Seay chung ^ | 
perhaps denotes Depraved, 
partial regard. 

1759 Heavy; added to: 

1760. To cut or pare a 


1761. t- To beat as with 
a pestle; to pound. Name 
of an office ; an instrument 
of music; name of a district ; of a hill, 
and of a bird. 
Churg choo ^p i/f. a wooden pestle 

or beater. 

Chung kan ] W to pound in a cer- 
tain earthen vessel. 
Chjngme j TJ^to pound rice. 


Manuscript Dictionaries, Chui. Canton Dialect, Chuy, 

^ ^ 1762. ' To escort or go with 
to follow after; to expel ; to 
go after. To pursue after 
to prosecute at law ; to seek to fine 
out, or to recover ; to trace back to 
former times. The name of a state. 
Read Tuy. 
Tuyche^S Jrj to work a precious 
stone. Moo tuy -^ | a certain 
cap of former times. 
Chuy keth 1 7 ~) to pursue and 

1 3Sil f overtake. 
Chuy taou | ^tlj J 

Chuy na 1 ^ to pursue and seize. 

Chuy yuen | jj[ to follow after to 
a distance; to look back and wor- 
ship distant ancestors 

Chuy tsun sze tae 
bestowed retrospective titles on four 
generations deceased ; done by the 
first Emperor of Ming Dynasty. 
Chuy kew j to P rosecute at 

law ; to investigate to the bottom. 
Cbuyfung wang | ^ ^retro- 
spectively appointed him king; i. e 
after his death. 
Chuy fei ' ife to lay out's faults on 

other people. 

Chuy yih ] wa to endeavour to 
remember the past. 

ii 2 

Chuy ta hwuy lae ] 
run and call him back. 

Q>|^t '763. Appearance of the 
mouth being filled. 

^ * 1764. To throw from one; 
JL-J E to strike, as a drum or bell ; 
' ^^ r " to throw at. 

Chuy shih tow ^6 /fj M to tnrow 

Chuy wa peen ~J~I Vj to throw 

Chuy koo I ~a$ to beat a drum. 

| ^^^ 

Chuy chung 1 ^. to strike a bell. 

1765. E - To strike; to 
knock ; a wooden beater ; 
a pestle ; a club ; a drum- 
stick ; to beat or strike 
with a club or drum-stick. 
A certain piece of wood 
employed in the culture 
of silk worms. Mfihchuy 
7J^ 1 a wooden beater, 
used in washing clothes. 

1766. ^- A mallet of any 
kind, either wood or metal ; 
a club; to beat as with a mal- 
let or club; to pommel. Read Tuy, 


To work stones. Tee chuy $ 
an iron club. 
Chuy wo f 3v to beat me. 

1 767. Disease ; a iwelling of 
the feet. 

1768. A bait made of rice 



1769. A cord or rope; to let 
down, as over a city wall by 

' a cord or rope. 

1770. A swelling of the feet 
or inferior parts of the body. 

1771. The bone at the back 
of the neck. 

1772. Obscure. Thunder; the 
noise of thunder. 

11773. t -- To hang down 
from above; suspended 
from a higher place; 
reaching to. Nearly; near 
to. A boundary ; a terri- 
tory on the frontier. 
Theiwme of a place'; the name of a 



person. To bow down; to condes- 
cend to ; to extend from ancient 
time* to the present; or from the 
present times to subsequent ages. 
Occurs in the sense of [^ Chuy, The 
outer part of a hall near the steps. 
Also read Shwuy. -j^ t^f 3J3: ^ 
K Ta tae chuy san drib. Large 
sashes hung down three cubits. Jjjj 
J&- "2 $ Le he chuy che 
maou, Le expresses the appearance 
of hanging down. ^ ] $ |tr 
Ming chuy how she, Name descend 
to future ages. ^L -f' | ^ 
| ^ Kung-tsze chuy fa wan she, 
Confucius left a rule to ten thousand 

pQh kew, To descend down forever 
without rotting. ^ ] /ft (|f 
Ming chuy chub pth, To hand down 
one's name on bamboo and silk; the 
materials used for writing on before 
the invention of paper. '^$$\ ; 
4S? Mung ne chuy gae, I thank you 
for your condescending regard. t]B 
ffij Tung chuy, se chuy, 
The eastern and western extremity 
of a hall, near to the steps by which 
qne descends. Jg ygj ^ ^g 1 
Keen lew wo peen chuy, Killed the 
people on my fontier. Zp -J- 1 
Tsiih yu chuy, Died at Chuy. 

Chuy tsze shang chuy hea, 3g Q J* 
&f5 ~T> Chuy, is from above to hang 
or reach down to a place below. 

Chuy chS show 1 ^ 3i to let the 
hands hang down. 

Chay show urh tth 
to hang down the hands and obtain ; 
expresses acquiring with ease. 

to hang 


Chuy shang urh.chc 1 5j| |m yjp 
is now used to express The ease with 
which a Sovereign rules in pros- 
perous times. 

Chuy te tow -jj^ 

down the head. 

Chuy tow sang ke |jj| 

to hang down the head in a spiritless 

Chuy she 1 4{t to descend to subse- 
quent ages. 

Chuy fan how lae ] $jjfc |J> Tfc to 
leave a pattern or example for those 
who come hereafter. 

Chuy yu how hwan j 
to cause blessings to descend to 

Chuyleen [ i|J| Condescending com- 
passion. It cannot be affirmed of 
one's self, but of the kindness and 
compassion of another person. To 
compassionate an inferior. 

Chuy wei | Ig^ in imminent danger; 
near to death. 

Chuy laou 1 4 to approach to eli 

a S e - 
Chuy hea 1 ~K to hang down. 

Chuy-koo I Jp to look down kindly 
upon, in order to take care of. 

Chuy gae | 'J? to shew affection to 
an inferior. 

1774. Chuy, or ?hwuy. 
Heavy. Name of a person fa- 
mous for his craft and inge- 
nuity, in the time of -gs w Hwang- 


te. Shoo-king writes it without 
Man by the side. 

1775. To implicate other*; 
to involve; tp connect by 

1776. v To beat with. a stick 
or club ; to beat or pound. 

Chuy kow 1 $fr the bit of a horse's 

.* 1777. To beat with a club 

Tlyi|^ or stick ; to torture ; to in- 

I .^a ducc a confession ; wood 

growing exuberantly. 
Chuy tsoo che hea, ho kew pdh till 1 

(confession) is there that may not be 
obtained (from one suffering) under 
a cluster of bludgeons! 

1778. An earthen vessel with 
a small mouth; the name 
of a place. 

1779. Commonly read Shwuy, 
To sleep; the name of a 
flower, and of a plant. 

1780. To beat; to pound; 
to press with stones; to 
keep down by a weight 

placed above. Read To, A stony 


17S1. A particular special 
of reed or bamboo ; pendent 
i bamboos; the joints of a 
reed ; a switch to beat a horse with ; 
to bastinade or punish with the 





1782. To beat with a pestle; 
to pound ; in a mortar. 

1783. ' To cause an affair 
to bend down on, and im- 
plicate another person; to 

connect or involve affairs; to search 
into other people's secrets. A sur- 

Chuy wei g|t i^K to put blame from 
one's self and charge other people; 
to implicate and involve people. 

1784. The thick pendent 
flesh of a cicatrix. The 
fundament) the backside ; 

the posteriors. The name of a 

1785. The edge, or hanging 
over of a precipice, dan- 
gerous. A limit; a frontier. 

Peen chuy che te Ja ffife "/ mJ 

f-L* f^_ Li /S^^ *^U4 

Land on the frontier. 

1786. Silver weighing twelve 
taels. A weight used in 
weighing with scales or 
steelyards. Heavy ; a man's name. 
Name of a district. A hammer for 
beating metals when heated. 

1787. A bird of the fowl spe- 
cies ; also said to be a species 
of crow. 

1788. Appearance of a small 

1789. The appearance of the 
wind causing a thing tobend 
down, as plants ; blowing 

down flat, as grain. 

1790. A general term applied 
to all birds with short tails. 
Occurs in the sense >fxjfi 

Tsuy, High, lofty, a forest shaken by 
the wind. 

1 79 1 . To select ; to command ; 
to advance; to set forward; 
to promote; to search; to 

investigate ; to scrutinize. To push 
to the results, or consequences ; to 
infer; to draw a natural consequence 
from, preceding premises. Read 
Tuy, To push away. 

Chuy chuh Jtg [H bring a calculation 
to a result. 

Chuy pun che j ^JK ^ to search to 
the root, or bottom of. 
Chuy kwan 1 'tjfa Judge or Ma- 
gistrate, in the style of former days. 

Chuy ke yuen koo j ji jjS ^ 

to endeavour to ascertain the cause of. 

Chuy kew %? to search into a 

I / V-* 

subject; to investigate a cause. 

Chuy luy j J5 to extend a princi- 
ple to subjects of the same class or 

Chuy swan | ^ to calculate; to 
pursue results by calculation. 

Chuy tsth 'jH| to calculate or infer 

I i^J 

from natural appearances, events 
which are still future; as,' 

Chuy tslh Itih ming | jl|| jjj^ MJJ 
to calculate fates respecting emolu- 
ments and longevity. 

Chuy c keth jin ] jJ ^ A to 
extend or propagate (virtuous prin- 
ciples) to other persons. 

1792. Name of a plant. 

' 793 ' U ' cd f " r ^ {htn ' 

a " (1 $'i ( llUY ' To strike, U 
beat. A bludgeon, a club; 
an iron mallet. Nan;e of a irt-t: lli:.t 
bears an edible fruit. Blunt; thick; 
unbending; simple; stupid, rustic. 
Chung loo ] frf rustic ; simple ; 


Chuy tsze | ^p. the fruit of the Chuy 

1794. A name of a cow. 

1 795. Exuberance of plants ; 
the name of a plant. Also 
read Hwan, The name of 

a bird. 

1796. - A sharp pointed instru- 
ment; an awl; the sharp 
point of a weapon ; a need- 
le's point; metaphorically A small 
affair ; a trifling concern. The point 
of an arrow; the point of a pencil. 
I Maou chuy, A pencil. 2- 
-X- Maou cbuy tsze, A person 
who wields a pencil, or hair awl; 
spoken of contemptuously in refer- 
ence to war. 
Chuy choonang; pe'en tang. 15 ying 

an awl put into a bag will find its 
way through ; denotes a man's being 
keen in a particular sphere. 
Chuy taou che m5 ^J ^ ^^ 

the point of an awl, a trifling affair 
not worth speaking about. 

1 /vW* 

Chuy mang J the extreme point 

of a weapon. 
Chuy she -^ . a sharp pointed 






1 7U7. A high forehead. 

1798. A freckled or spotted 
horse. A surname ; name of 
a man mentioned in history. 
Hwang chuy -g 1 name of a fish. 

1799. Name ofa bird; a 
species of pigeon. 

1800. A kind of ornament 
of silk attached to the head 
of a club ; an ancient mili- 

tary weapon. Head Tuy, A certain 
animal denominated divine. A 
man's name. 

1801. / To fall down from 
a higher place ; a dangerous 
precipitous path between 

hills. Read Tuy, A group or com- 


1802. To slide down ; to fall 
down; to fall over; to fall 
down as a. heap of rubbish. ~^T 

Woo che taou we chuy yn te, The 
doctrines of (the ancient kings) Win 
and Woo, have not yet fallen to the 
ground. j| | 

t=f nv> "^'"S cnu y 

jin keae kung, The stars fell, the 

trees spoke, and all the people of the 
country were affrighted. 3j 
Lur-cbuy, Fallen in confusion ; i.e. 
an affair difficult to arrange or to 

manage. jf A iff lH ^ ] 
Ke jin yew jew teen chuy, There 
was a man of the sUte Xe under an 
apprehension that the heavens would 
fall down. 
Chuy hea ' ~|> to fall down. 

C huy la e | jjg falling womb ; abor- 


1803. To unite several things 
together; to connect; to 
form a continuous line. 

1804. A reiteration of a sacri- 
'ice; to sacrifice again. 

1 805. Chny, Chuen, or Chui?, 
A path or dike in fields, in 
the Chinese manner. 

1806. The appearance of 

1807. To connect together ; 
to form or connect gar- 
ments ; to take care of the 
royal robes; a mixture of various 
colours, variegated ; to bind or con- 
nect together; uninterrupted; to 
-cause to desist ; to put a stop to. 
Chuy chaou ||f ^to make a signal to. 
Chuy e ~Ar to superintend the 

royal robes. 
Chuy lew jjjjfe to bind or connect 

1o the standards; to attach to. 
Chuy yin j l'-r{ to put a stop to vi- 
cious excess. 

Is08. A needle, or other 
sharp instrument; to offer 
prc sants of food ; to reckon 

up. Read ChuK, A stick with an 
iron point for spurring on ahorse. 

1809. To make continued 
offerings of food in religious 
sacrifices. Read Chue, In 

a similar sense. 

1810. The fine hair on the 
skins of animals ; fur; soft 
hair; down; nap; the downy 

feathers of birds. Name of a certain 
court cap or crown; any thing deli- 
cate and easily broken ; soft anddeli- 
cate. Occurs used for Chuy. 

Kan chuytj* ||| soft delicate and 
beautiful ; sweet and delicate. Ho 
chuy ik | a species of cloth. 

Chuy e j ~A certain garments worn 
by the priests of the Buddha sect. 

Chuy mS 1 Ji a particular kind of 
felt or camlet curtain. 

1811. To burrow in the 
earth ; to dig a hole in the 
earth ; to dig a grave. 
One says, The noise made 
by a small mole or rat. 

->< ; !8I2. A kind of sledge for 
travelling through miry 
places; said to have been 
used by the great jfl Yu, who re- 
moved the waters of the Delude. 

1813. To pound or beat over 
again. To give thanks. 

181*. To pound ortoeal^ to 
l)eat or pound over again. 




1815. Delicate and easily 
torn or broken ; soft and 
delicate, applied to food. 

181fi. * To expel the breath 
from the lungs ; to expire; 
to blow, applied to the 
breath, or to the wind ; to play on a 
wind instrument ; to puff off, or assist 
a person by recommendation. Read 
Chuy, The wind. g gg; v\ p_ 
Koo sih chuy sing, To play on the 
Sih and blow the Sang. g ] 
Koo chuy, Drumming and blowing; 
playing on instruments generally. 

1 . 1 M. ^ Chay le kwo 

tang fung taou leang kwae, chuy 
jih chuy, tsae tsow, The wind 
which passes the hall here, is 
rather cool and pleasant; I'll enjoy 
a few blows more and then go. 

W( -4r Fung ta chuy, The 

wind blows strong. j|R{ j King 

chuy, /]\ Seaou chuy, $j{j 

I Se chuy, all express Blowing 

ff 1 

lightly, gently, and so on. IB ] 

$0 ^ Yu chuy SC lang ' The fl * h 
blow and cause a slight ripple. 

Chuy chtih ke yay ] pj 

chuy, to expel the breath. 
Chuy seaou ta koo j>||' ^" 

to play on the Seaou and beat the 

Chuy hen, seang tso tsoo yay | p^ 

ffi|fc$/& clui y- heu ' to lend 

assistance to, by commending to a 
third person ; to recommend. 

Chuy kae ] fpj to blow open. 

Chuy taou ) 0|J to blow down. 

PART. II. I 2 

Chuy me IS chKh 1 yj 
to blow out the candle. 

Chuy maou kew tsze 

to blow aside the feather < and search 
for the wound; not to judge by the 
external appearance only. 

Chuy hwuy che leih J7f? ~? ~fl 

strength to blow away dust; a 
slight effort. 

Chuy heu j yfe to blow or puff off 

a person or thing ; to praise them. 
Chuy ke j ^ to blow with the 
breath; to expand flesh-meat by 
blowing it. 

Chuy ting she yuen i tS a? Piff 

1 I fai. ^ >/ff( 

to blow out the light and swear by 
uttering an imprecation. 

1817. To blow; The same 
as Jl^ Chuy. Read ['] 
To call to ; to shout after. 

1818. To boil, or dress food 
with fire. Used for JjV 
Chuy, To blow. Seems also 

used for the afflatus or anima of 

departed persons. 

Chuy fun tsze >JK jfej* ^S to boil a 
kind of pudding. 

Chuy ho tung 1 tk jjgj a tube to 
blow through and increase the action 
of fire. 

Chuy pe Jfi the name of a place. 

1819. To blow an instru- 
ment; to blow through 
a reed and cause a sound 
to be emited. 

18*0. Chuy or Ilwtiy, The 
mmitli, the bill' or beak 
of a bird; the head of a 
bird; the name of a start the 
mine of a plant. A certain medi- 
cine. Also read Chuy and Tow. In 
Yih-kiiig, when describing the mys- 
tical properties of the /\, ffi PI- 

kwa,itis,aid, j^J|l|j; 

M'',J Kin wei keen hwuy cheshdh, 
Kin, one of the Kwa pertains to 
impeding or stopping, as birds are 
represented to do with their bilk 
In Lc-king it is said, g 

tsiu hwuy tseurh, The superintendanl 
of the sacrificial victims, introduces 
the mouth of the animal, and the 
most honorable person takes it by 
the car to lead it to be sacrificed. j/jE 
Fj iSS I Shin mBh kea hwuy, 
Deep eyes and a boar's snout. Q 
E B9 1 Pth ma, hih hwuy, A 

'"!/ 7?f I 

white horse with a black mouth. 
B, ' Neaou hwuy, A certain star. 

4ml I 

Heang tsaou shih-yun yih ming, 
koo hwuy, Another name for the 
fragrant herb shih-yun, is Koo-hwuy. 
The fruit of the ^ Keen, is other- 
wise called RHj Yen-hwiy ; 

The Keen, is also called ^ j}^ 
Woo-low, nnd 6 | Woo-hwuy, 
by it people can j| ^Too-ke, 
Pass over, or through hunger; i. o. 
though the thing spoken of be nof 
proper food, it will do to sati-Iy 
hunger partially. 

Hwuy seih ] ^ to breath by the 



1821. Chuy-chuy, Mournful; 
sorrowful appearance ; the 
moan of grief. Read Kae, 
Difficulties; embarrassments; im- 
pediments which affect the mind. 
Chuy chuy joo lin shin yuen I flag 
T^P ^jjj '1&. jEd embarrassed as one 
who it forced to the edge of a deep 

1322. Q To measure ; to mea- 
sure heighth ; to endeavour 
to find the origin of with 
the hand, as the composition of the 
Character implies. To try .or essay ; 
to push a side ; to put away. A sur- 
name. Occurs denoting To strike. 
Read To, To shake or move. Read 
Twan, To collect together. 


Chuy IS J^ Iffif to measure; to con- 

Chuy mo ] Ef to feel ; to try to 
find out a person's wishes or weak- 
nesses; to study the import of books. 

Chuy tsih 1 jlBIJ to try to fathom; to 
penetrate what secret or abstruse. 

Pfih chuy maou mei /K 1 fg |fcfc 
I do not discover, or detect, my 
own rashness and obscurities, in 
giving this advice, and therefore I 
venture to state it. A mode of qua- 
lifying advice, used in letters and in 
memorials sent to_the Emperor. 

1S23. f From Fang, To place 
down on Pel, A pearl ; To 
give something as a pledge. 


To connect together ; something ap- 
pended which is useless as external 
swellings; fired; doing what is im- 
proper; useless repetition ; tautology, 
rerboj'ity; to one question giving 
two answers. 

Chuy yen ^J == to say oTer and orer 

Chuykeih ~j ^ a kind of postscript. 

Chuyluy j ^ reiterated, wearisome, 

Chuypeih | ^ to add a postscript. 
Wan yew chuy keu ^ ^ j ty 
a repetition of the same sentiment 
in written composition. 


a lash. 

1824. To strike; to knock, 
as a bell, drum, or other 

1825. A switch or whip. 
|3| MJJ Ma chwa, A horse- 
whip, or a switch for a horse; 

1826. A switch; a lash. A 
coarser and larger is calle d 
Chwa, a finer one is called 

Mei. Read Ko, denoting, Grass, 
terbs. One says, It implies hunger. 

1827. Read Chwa and To, 
A bamboo reed ; a switch. 

1 828. To bind up the hair in 
a particular manner whilst 
mourning .for the death of 

\ JU 189. Cha or Chwa, In a 
confused disorderly man- 

1830. Chwa, A vicious 
mouth; vicious or oppre- 
brious language. 






1831. To overset and hurt ; 
to throw down and injure; 
to drag ; to pull. 

1832. Distorted; depraved; 

1833. ' Chwae, or Chae, To 
*at ; to gnaw. To eat with 
greediness all at once ; great 

numbers eating, as flics do carrion, 

"S- 1 ^c Wo chae chth> Do 

not eat greedily the roasted meat. 
In the passage from which this is 
quoted, there are various rules for 
behaviour at table, which indicate 
great barbarity existing to make such 
rules necessary. ifcSjg $$J jfe \ 
*/ Ying-juy koo chwae clie, The 
(flies called) Ying-juy, together eat 

them j viz. dead bodies left in tl:- 
waste lands before the rites of sepul- 
ture were instituted. 

1834. Chwae or Char, An 
ugly figure is expressed by 

Luy chwae. 

1835. Chwae or Tuy, To 
grind as a woman at the 
mill ; to rub with a brick. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Choang. Canton Dialect, Chang, or Chevng. 

1836. ' Large; great; 
strong, robust; to strength- 
en. Affluent; abundant. 
An epithet of the eighth 
> moon. The age of thirty; 
manhood ; strong hairs 
upon the forehead. To 
wound. To cauterize a 
place is, in Medical lan- 
guage, called Chwang. A surname. 
Ming chwang ^ jH^a kind of arm- 
ed police or militia. 3^ j 
Ke chwang, Boldness, fortitude, firm, 
undaunted. H^ Chwang fe, 
Fat and strong. (5" Kih 
chwng, Over-powering force. 

Chwang the I 4 yK [ 
Chwang sin fa} 

firmness and 
strength of 

<< strong ; robust. 

Chwang ne'en it the years of 

Chwang [pei @ one of five sorts 

of pearl ihell. 

Chwang sze j ~f-* strong able bodied 

men or soldiers. 
Chwang shing j Jjj the exuberance 

of strength; high health; vigorous 

Chwang ting I J" young men above 

sixteen years of age. 

1837. - Dressed; orna 
roented ; the face painted 
or daubed in the manner 
of Chinese females. jj>jh 
em Chwang shih, Dress- 
ed; ornamented; adorned; 
painted ; glossed over. 
I ^ Chwang pan, 
Dress.generally ; dressed, 
either well or ill. 

'S* Chwan<r leen, or &jr 
li ft^ 

I Kca chwang, A lady' 
toilet, et cetera; the por- 
tion of furniture and household 
necessaries given with a daughter u * 
marriage portion. 




1 8S8. Displeased ; something 
that gives dissatisfaction. 

1839. A certain wood; the 
smaller size is like the 
peach tree ; there is a larger 
sort which is different 

1840. The appearance of 
fire; to fill a boiler with 
rice ; to boil with steam. 
m? *E Chwang kaou, 
A sort of pudding or 
dumpling; or to boil 

1841. A disease of the febrile 

1842. To stuff with cotton. 

JL-W 184S - Plants budding forth ; 

\\ I plants growing rank and 

79 luxuriantly. Grave; sedate; 

ster.i; serere; rigid; firm; highly 

adorned. A high road. Farmhouses; 

name of a gate or door. A surname; 

a certain pearl shell, ffi Kang 

c:hwang, A large level road. Te'en- 

chwang JJ| [ a farm house. 

fhwang king i $fr serious, sedate 

Chwang-tize 1 ^ an am-icnl phi- 
losopher of some i>6te. 

Chwang tsih sze | ^ fj an officer 
placed over country houses in the 
time of Tang. 

Chwang king ching shlh ] ^ 
-{? serious, grave, sincere, plain 

Chwang yen 1 BS; a severe grave 
demeanour; gravity. 

1844. Painted ; rouged ; dress- 
ed out; adorned; glossed 

1845. - To bind or tie 
round ; to bind up ; to 
dress. To put into any 
containing vessel ; a box, 
.ZjJ^ or a ship ; to present to. 

yp^ Chuen shang chwang 

J leaou sh mo ho wuh 

1 1 7ft*fi4 

cargo or goods are contained in 
the ship. 
Chwang pan. 3K jKX to dress. 

Chwang cha j /5s to put tea into 

a chest; or to take it on board ship. 
Chwang shS 1 ^i? to dress a person 

witli care. 
Chwang tae 1 ^ to put into ; to 

Chwang tow gg one sort, or 

parcel of goods. 
Chwang pan ke lae shin haou kan 

well dressed. 

1846. t- Something on 
which to rest the body ; 
a bed or couch; that on 
~ / which one lays one's self; 

T J to rest and sleep. Eight 

M^^^^. ) cubits. A wooden casing 
put withinside a well to prevent the 
earth falling down. Shay chwang 
\fyk Fir or Ma chwang J^i 
A certain medicinal application. 
Chwang poo j $j| bedding. Shang 
chwang \* I to go to bed. 

Chwang tow kin tsin chwang sze woo 

when there is no more money at the 
head of the bed, the ablest man can 
no longer shew his face. 

1847. ' External appearance , 
form; fashion. To make 
visible, to declare in writ- 
ing; to ace use; a letter; a petition; 
an accusation. 

Chwang yuen ij^ TT" the highest de- 
gree of literary rank; the title usually 

is ) 7C $ 111 Chwang-yuen- 

keih te. Tze chwang ke kwo l^l 

tr jM to accuse one's self. 

Chwang-joo 1 -tin appearing as if. 

Chwang maou fe chang J & 5^fc 
'a* a countenance and figure un- 
usually handsome. 

Woo chwang 3HE no appearance; 
in said in apology for undress and 

Chwang-sze J Fjm attornies or law- 
yers, not sanctioned by government. 

Kaou-chwang -gj 1 j an accusa- 
Tsze chwang ^pj | J lion, or 
written complaint, sent into govern- 

Chwang ko ] S3 to wrap or roll up ; 
to bandage. 

Chwang seaou | ijifj to pack up 
duties to be forwarded to Peking. 

1848. Commonly used for 
Chwang, A country 
village. A farm house; a 
collage where any work conducted 


in the field! is- collected, as at the 
Tea hill*. 

Chwang boo ] ^f a farmer; a per- 
son who rents land and cultivates it. 

Chwang foo | ^|; a farmer's wife. 

1849. U*ed for 'Jf Chwang 
/v j in the She-king, 

1850. Cold; intense cold. 
Also read TsSng, The name 
of a river. The name of a 


1851. C A wound made by a 
knife or weapon, in which 
sense it was originally writ- 
ten^* Chwang. J%> ^f/^-H -f- 
j||J Shin pe .tsih shih chwang, He 
received seventy wounds. gS ^jfe" 

I fl'J V^ Tow yew chwang tsih 
mfih, If the head. be weunded then 
wash it. 

Read Chwang, To begin; to 
make first; to invent; to adopt first, 
mtaus to effect a certain end ; to lay 
the foundation of. To reprehend. 
In this sense, otherwise written 
Chwang che ^ jj^ to commence any 


Chwang nee | |j| to lay the foun- 
dation of a family, by the acquisition; 
Chwang tsaou j :* to make at first. 

1858. Thfe'name of a place. 

The appearance of 
eating; eating ravenously; 
r.RT IK K 3 

1854. ft A. wounded heart; 
grief; sorrow. Afe 1 
Tse- chwang, Grief; pain of 
mind ; to commiserate. 

1 855. Any sort of nlccr.or sore. 
There is a great variety of 
terms applied to these sore*. 
Sing chwang 1 or /f- jta 1 
Sang ke chwang, The breaking, out 
of a sore. 

Chwang keae | ^ sma |i itchinff , 

1856 A certain kind of stan- 
dard or banner. Read 
Chang, A kind of screen or 
curtain for a wheeled carriage. Read 
Tung, appearance of feathers at- 
tached in a certain way. 
Chwang fan j /j^ long streamers in 
the temples of Buddha. 


1857. Unsettled state of 
mind. See Chung. 

1858. / To grasp with the 
hand and pound. To beat ; 
to strike suddenly ; abrupt ; 

to rush against ; to bounce upon; 
to knock; to take or seize. 
Chwang ch5 j ^jj- to strike or to 'be 

struck with ; literally or figuratively 
Chwang cluing ] ^ to strike a bell. , 
Chwang keih. j ^ to^ strike; to 

Chwang keen S to^bounce upon 

Chwang teg hea lad ] ftjb ~K ^ 

to knock down or off; a, from a 

fcorse by rushing against. 
Cbwang pan j ^ to beat a piece of a.signak i 

Chwang peen I 

Chwang taou j 
striko down. 

Chwang jdh j 
or abruptly. 

to defraud ; or 

to knock or 

to enter forcibly 

1859. A pole or staff fora 
banner or standard. Tottab 
or pierce. Read Tung, 

A certain wood. Also read Chung, 
which see. 

1860. A foolish itare. Other- 
wise read Chung and Tung, 
The pupil of the eye. 

1861. A stony or rocky 

1 S62. Seed entering into the* 
ground; to plant. 

186S. To- see indistinctly. 
[/] To stare at. 

1 864. War chariots for rush- 
ing in and breaking the 
enemies' lines. 

1865. To eat immoderately ^ 

1869. Chwang keang ] 
jpjthe lower extremity of 
the npine or back bone. 

1867. The ancient fofm f 
j^j Chwang, A window ; 
or' as it is expressed YVi 

mijh, hcu e tung ming, The eye of 





a bouse; an open space to admit 
light. The Seal Character represents 
the lattice work, which it yet placed 
in windows in the north of China. 

J868. - An aperture for the 
admission of light; a win- 

Tsae tseang yuS yew 
tsae Qh yue chwang, A window in a 
wall is called Yew ; in a house, it is 
called Chwang. Also read Tsung, 
The door or mouth of a furnace. 
Si] f 1 S) Bfl Cliwang tsoo 
boo wei ming, The window assists 
the door in affording light. ^ 
Teen chwang, A sky light, or aper- 
ture in the roof of a house. Com- 
monly written *2? Chwang. 

1869. Tsung. Hctte ; hurry. 

1870. [t]Anumber complete; 
entire; a multitude. Tsze- 
hwuy defines it erroneous- 
ly, A multitude of barbarians. 

1871. Chwang or Tsung. 
A certain kind of spear or 
lance ; to strike ; to stab ; to 
beat a bell or drum. 

1872. Name of certain for- 
eigners in ancient times; 
one of the eight barbarous 
tribes. See Chung. 

1873. - A certain club or 
weapon. Mfih chwang TJ\^ 
iS a post stuck into the 
ground; to hit; to strike; a stick 
placed so as to sustain what is hung 




upon It. Otherwise read Chung and 
Tang. Ta chwang ^J" I to drive 
a post into the ground. 
Chwang keug j jjjj^ posts driven into 
the ground to fasten boats to; or to 
stop the bunk from being washed away 

1874. t- 'An aperture o- 
pened to assist the door in 
admitting light; a win- 
dow; or an additional 
door for the admission of 
light. A window in a 
wall is strictly called Jj|| 
Yew. Read Tsung, 
An aperture which af- 
fords a passage through. 

^*'^ 'ffln F" Chwang hoo, or 

SM ^% /TE. ^ / 

"^ * BH Chwang mun, Is 

the common term for 
a window. K 

Chwang hea, Below the 
window; refers to the 

Kl table placed at a window 

^T* where one reads or 


studies; the period of 

juvenile studies. Tung 
chwang ml at the 
same window; i. e. a 
fellow student. Teen chwang T 
I a sky light; a window in the roof. 

1876. Chwang or Chang, An 
appearance of standing erect ; 

1876. Simple ; doltish ; fool- 
ish; silly; a natural silly 
and idiotical person, so 
much so as to be excused by the law. 
They explain it by saying, The per- 
cipient principle is obscured by 
grosser matter. 


Chwang yu ;^: |3a foolish ; idiotical; 
one of three classes included in 

1 877. A stick or pole fixed 
upright in deep water. 

187ft. Chwang nung j 
appearance of the hair of 
the head all in confusion ; 
dishevelled hair. 

1879. To see indistinctly. 

1680. c Simple; silly; 
foolish ; doltish. Tsoo 
chwang JwJ_ rude; 

doltish ; obstinate ; natu- 
rally dull, and also unedu- 

1881. / Chwang or Shwang. 
A certain piece of wood to 
fend off a boat, or to fasten 

a boat to. 

1882. A wound made by a 
sharp weapon. Afterward* 
written ^gll Chwang, and 

now commonly ife: Chwang. 

1883. Chwang, or Chang. 
To make or form at first ; 
original pattern. ifcTsing 

was the original pattern for the divi- 
sion of land; in this sense Syn. with 
4j)[ Chwang, and occurs also in the 
sense of ^ Chwang, A hurt or 

1884. tt Vulgarly read 
Chwang, To put out the 
head ; to peep ; to bolt out 

or in 

I _ 

J-ljI iv 

* 'x>J 





Manuscript Dictionaries, Y. 

Canton Dialect, E, Ne, and Nge. These are also the pronunciations of other 
parts of the Empire. 


1885. Reaching or extending 
down to the ground. Other- 
wise read Pe'S. 

1886. To cut grass or herbs ; 
hence govern; 
to shear. Also an appellation 

of those possessing virtue and ability, 
/tfe V Tseuen e, Extraordinary 

1887 From^E, A pair 
of shears, and Jj Taou, A 
knife. To cut grass; to 
mow. To take ; to kill ; to cut off) 
to exterminate. ^|J ea E tsaou, 
To cut down grass. To cut grain is 
expressed by Jft HwS. AX E, 
occurs used for j E, as A>" Sfj 
Hffi ~~/ m|r E Chaou-seen che chen, 
Cut down the standards of Chaou- 
<een, or Corca. 

1688. Name of a stream or 

1889. [N] To stop ; to have 
< ~ finished ; terminated ; done ; 

^^^^ a Particle preceding Verbs, 
and forming the Perfect Tense, an- 
swering to Already, as P Wtf E tso, 

Already done. To decline ; to put 
aside; to put away; to reject. An 
excessive degree. 

Eshin | ^ an extreme; an exces- 
sive degree; the same as ^^ TJjfl 
Tae kwo. 

E urh | rfil past the proper time. 
ffij 1 Urh e, Denotes that the whole 
is previously expressed; nothing 
can be said ; or that the expression 
means nothing more. ~%\tf^ 1 
Pull fib e, Unable to stop ; compet- 
ed to do ; obliged to. To be dis- 
tinguished from P Ke, and from f3 

1890. To reprehend ; to chas- 
tise; to punish. Ching e 
'HcX -^ to punish ; subj ugate 
other nations. 

1 1891. Said to be derived 
from the reverse side of 
p E, which denotes the 
mind already determined 
V or fixed. By ; to the end 
that; the cause or instru. 
ment by which. Jjjr jj 
So e, That by which ; 
thereby; therefore. 

1 Shee, Hence; therefore. 

| Ko e, May ; can ; might ; could. 

pT 1 ^ xS Ko e she h, It 

^^ ill *:a" 

may answer ; it may pass. Jj PJ 

[ -^Tzekoeto, This may do. 
/jpT 1 Ho e ? By what 1 how ? Jjjl 

14&. *|B Le e y5 hwin, Reason 

/c " 
is disordered by pasnon. 

yay ; pefh yew e yay? Why 10 longl 
there must be a reason. Occur* 
in the sense of j^ E, To termin- 
ate; to cease. 4ffi | Wooe, Not 
cease ; not desist. Also, in the sense 
of H Yung, To uses to employ. 

Pdh she ta chin yuen hoo pfih e, Do 
not cause the higher officers of state 
to resent their being left unemployed. 

Etaoushajin | 7litA tokiH 

a person with a knife. 

EcMhweikeuh ] jf[ ^ ^ by 
straight make crooked; to pervert 

E she yi Jin | |fc H A to crush ' 
to oppress people by power. 

IVI /A | t /t2 
E kew han yth e J^( ^V ^. fii 

an account of a long drought WM 
more suspicious. 
E roing hea, she mei ih ] ^ ^ 




to infer 

i view the most fascina- 

__ _ _ * 

ting pleasure as a cloudy vapour, 
which a moment annihilates, 
B che hwa 1 ^j| |& to draw lines 
with the finger. 

E tsun teen-tsze 
honor the Emperor. 

E le cht.y t5 | 

from reasoning. 
Ewei 1 ^ by it make ( to esteem 

| fttty 

or consider it so; to judge it to be. 
file urh yew che ] $ fljj =f 
to speak of a thing in reference 
to, or agreeable to, the principles of 

Eleyen.ekeyen ] ^ ff j ^ 
s- to speak something in, reference 
to an invisible influence. 

C, wei ching ta kung j jj // ~fc 
T/J reckoning that they had per- 
formed a great exploit. 

189-2. / Fow-e 
The name of a plant i (M S 
Dictionary ,Plantago) used 
also for the following. 

E - e M i lbc ffiiit " r 

the Water-lily, 
pearl barley ; also called 
;rr- Hwuy hwuy me, Ma- 
homedan rice. 

] 893. - 1 ; me. To be pleas- 
ed ; to be gratified. Read 
Tae, A surname; the 
name of a district. A' name of three 
stars. ^ } Teen tae, The name.. 
of a hill, -jj^ ] Laou tae, Vene- 
rable, sir. P | Hcung tae, Ex- 


alted brother. jj|| ^ 
tsun tae ming, W T ith profound re- 
spect I obey your exalted order. 
1 JS San tae sing, The three 
tae stars ; they are distinguished by 
the terms, _j^ ] 1^1 ~|v 
Shang tae, chung tae, hea tae, 
The upper, middle, and'lower Tae. 
Tae ting I |M an epithet applied 
to three of the highest officers of 
state. Eminent; exalted ; iu which 
sense it is used as a term of respect 
in epistolary style. 
Tae kea 1 ^M eminent; sir. 

Tae foo TJ3 your honored name, 
an expression used' on the address of 
letters before writing the name, 

Tae pel | ^ extreme old age, a 
term taken from the wrinkling of the 
skin, in the manner of the fishgjp 

1894. Obstinate- stoppage; 
impeded; unable to proceed. 
A foolish silly '>" '(p 

Yae e, An impediment in 
speech; a foolish manner. ] $jj( 
^ i&Yae keue che ke, Plan 
t cause to stumble. 

1895. - Pleased ; to please ; 
concord; harmony; joy. 

I i""! E-e 'trfr 1 harmony sub- 
sisting amongst brothers- A surname. 

E-shing | ^ a pleasing sound or 

E-sih 1 '65 a-pleasing countenance ; 
manifesting satisfaction and joy. 

E-yuS 1 (Mf pleased; joyful; taking 
delight in. 


E-ho jim pleased with harmony ; 
taking delight in mutual concord. 
Name of the Senior Hong Merchant, 
at Canton. (1818.) 

1896. Commonly read Tae, 
Remiss; careless; slothful ; 

iuattentive to ; a rudeness 
which arises from defect of due at- 
tention. The name of a bird. 

1897. A stone that resem- 
bles corundum stone. 

189. A certain earthen 

* 189P. T communicate or 
~~^ ~\ hand down, as to posterity ; 
O |J. to connect, or continue in 
succession. That which is left behind 
one at death, as a testament or will; 
in this sense, Syn. with H^ E, To 
laugh at ; to ridicule ; to expose one's 
self to be laughed at; Read Tae, 
Remiss; negligent or wearied 
appearance; to insult; to treat fraudu- 
lently ; or with disrespect. 
Ke e ji^ J to defraud, or insult. 
E seaou ta fling j ^ -^ ~}j 
to expose one's self to the laughter 
of persons of esdarged and liberal 
views, by petty contracted ways of 
thinking and acting. 
E seaou yu jiu j ^ ^ J\^ 

to make one ridiculous. 
E wo tsm sun | ^ ^ | 
to leave to my sons and grandsons. 

Tsze e e tsoo ||j 1 ffi |JQ to involve 
one's self in difficulties. 


yV f 1900. Boiled rice forming 
A* - a kind of gruel. 

A 1901. -To present to; to 
give and leave to ; to leave, 
or be left to, as property at 
the il'iilh of a parent ; to induce or 
bring upon one's self; to cause. 
T. Z e e e teeth $ fr |g to 
bring sorrow upon one's self. gpj 
E, is commonly used in the Classics. 
K keuS sun mow ] Jfj^ ^ ^ 
to plan and execute benevolent 
deeds, that the blessing ofProvi- 
dence may descend on one's posterity. 
j[ pel | E| a certain black coloured 

E tsang ] 

E woo 

to giro to ; to present 

& to impede, or cause 
any delay to business ; to throw an 
impediment or hindrance in the way 

1902. - Rice prepared and 
forming a kind of gruel 
or congee ; to feed. E 
yen &n Kil a particu- 

J^r -tm ' 

lar kind of salt. 

1903. - Garments for the 
upper part of the body; the 
lower are called dil| Chang. 
Clothes; a cover cloak, or case of 
almost any kind ; a shell or skin of 
fruit. ^ ^ Shoo e, A coyer f u r 

a book. j^S I Kwan-e, A cover 
for a coffin j a pall. To clothe; to 
put a cover on. A surname ; a man's 

TART li, j, g 


E-chang ^gj garments generally. 

E shih leang mun ] ^' ffi ffi 
raiment and food are the two con- 
cerns of most importance to the mass 
of mankind. 

Ey uen ] $ji\ a selvage or border 

E shun 1 ifijj [ stitched on to the 
collar, or other part of the margin 
of a garment. 

E-ffih I Jj^clothes; raiment. 

E lib yen j ^ "3 to clothe one ' s 
self with virtuous savings of the 
ancients; to have them always at 

Sze e Y& 1 garments worn 
when offering sacrifice. Tsin e *)^ 

sleeping garments, a night dress; 

or rather a coverlid for the bed. Sin 

V 1 

e |J_^ J garments worn about the 
breast or stomach. Seaoue/J\ 1 
the garments worn next the skin. 
Taey^ J the external garment* ; 
dress. Chung e rfj 1 the gar. 
merits in the middle ; i. e. those that 
have under garments, and a dress 
above. E kwan hung jin 1 ^fj 
ill 7^ a man amidst dresses and 
caps ; denotes a person well dressed. 
a person of respectability. ChO e 
^ I or, Chuen e JS I to put 
on clothes. Nan jin e 
men's clothes. Foo jin e 
woman's clothes. Twan e 
short garments; jackets. Peen e 
/l^l I one's ordinary clothes; un- 
dress. Chaou e jjjQ ] court dress. 
Tsing e ^ 1 light blue dress ; 
former dress of the Sew-tsae gradu- 
ates ; persons genteely dressed. Th 
name of a place. Uwan e jffl 



to change one's clothe. PI6 e 
Q white garments \ perioas 

clothed in white, the common 
people who have no rank in tb 
country. Taue J^ jj a tingle gar- 
men t. Chung e j^J j double folds 
of garments. Tsan e ? f 1 the 
ball or covering of the silk worm. 
Urh e JL 1 or Meen e jgj ] co- 
vering for the face and ears in north- 
ern climates Newe-tp 1 a kind 
of cover for a cow. Yueu e ^0 
I a kind of most. 

- I 1904. To rely on; to trust 

^\ *J to ; to accede to ; to con- 

|^|r^' form tojas; according to. 

A surname. A space between the 

door and window. J,,ft yt? Ping e, 

To lean upon. 4ffi I We e e. 

or ^ Jiff | Woo so e, Nothing 

on which to depend. tU JM 

Yang lew e e, The willows in 
abundance mutually reclining. j 
H^ 0^ "^ 3p Pfihshingchen 
e che che, The highest . possible 
degree of reliance on, or regard to 
a person. &; Foo e, A kind of 
painted wooden screen, in the Impe- 
rial apartments. 

E, also denotes the wraping of a bow. 
Comparison; similitude; imagery. 

X& ] *!!* 

I'uh heS pS e, pilh ning gin she. 
Those who have not learned simili- 
tudes thoroughly, cannot beat home 
in poetry. To rhyme, read Nae. 

E chd I /4j" 'o leau against. 

Ejints6l.wuh 1 A <t j^ to de- 
pend on other people for a li > elihood. 

E leflh 1 ^ according to law. 





E e pah shay j | "sfc /& to cling 

to ; unable to part from (a friend.) 
E kew ] tt as of old ; as formerly ; 

as before. 
I taou ^ according to reason, 

"E Ffih yu [ <ffi |3[to rely on the 

words of Buddha. 

1 90S. * Moaning ; the tone of 
lamentation after weeping. 

Tung tsze kfihpHh e, Children (at 
the tombs of fheir parents) weep, but 
do not moan and lament afterwards. 


1906. The tone of distress 
or commisseration. 

1907. A woman's name. 

1908. Irresolute ; undecided ; 
going backwards and for- 
wards. To secret, hide or 

1909. A certain stream or 

1910. -v A kind of orna- 
mented or painted screen 
paced where the Emperor 
gives audience. A surname. 

lay up. 



1911. E, or Teen ^ |c 
a natural barrier standing 
as a defence to a country. 

1912. A kind of selvage on 
the neck, or any otherpart of 
a garment ; a sleeve or cuff. 

1913. Along robe or gar- 
ment; a long flowing appear- 
ance of the dress; a sleeve. 

191*. The lower border 
of a garment ; a border ; 
an extreme point or 
limit. Descendants; pos- 
terity. Maou e Tqu 2& 
| descendants ; posterity. 
How Xg E e 

the appearance of 
walking; progressing; 
flying. Jung e fi.|b j 
a|long protracted sound. 


; water greally agita- 


1916. A vessel, with a handle 
and spout, to contain water. 
A vessel in which to wash 
the hands ; a pitcher ; a hand-basin. 
& I Che, e, Vessels, the one to 
contain wine, the other water. 
/Jjjf Epawn, A hand-basin or platter. 
The original form of the Character 
was Jni "Yay, which having come in- 
to common use as a Particle, j~ 
Fang was added to it, in the sense of 
Pitcher or basin. 

E, se show ke J *& j; 9? E, a 
vessel in which to wash the bauds. 

-iTTQj 1917. Same as||| She, Much 
^(~^i talk; loquacity. 


1918. A kind of out door 
shod for eating under. 

1919. The bar which 
fastens a door. 

1920. - E e=|ft I t^e 

BU-" I 

appearance of self pos- 
session ; elf sufficiency j 
an ignorant self suffici- 
ency ; an unwillingness to 
what is good. Read She, 
Loquacity ; the name of an animal 
Head To, To insult, and bravade to 
brag j to boast. 

1921. To hurt or tear 0/pent 
to tear out the bowels. 

1922. - Rising or placed one 
upon another; degrees 
of strata rising higher 
and higher; advantage; 
to advance ; to remove to 
a nother degree or place. 
E tsing | the fee paid to th 
boards at Peking in order to hav* 
honors conferred on one's parents. 
Yth e ] one step, degree ; story 
or flight 

192S. A tribe ofbirbariani 
in Cnten. See jjK Yaou. 

1924. Ekca ] j||| kind 
of coffin ; the inner coffin 
that into which the corps is 

put. RcadLe, ipj" J E le, A 

kind of wine. 


1925. A kind of stool in 
front of a couch or bed. 

1926. - The middle part of 
a garment where it joins 
before ; the bottom selvage 
of a garment. The sleev. or cuff of 

1927. E-le 

by the side of the road. 
Wei-e ^ 1 appearance 
of self sufficiency. Read To, ^ j 
Wei to, Appearance of walking. 

1928. A liquor made 
from rice; sweet wine; 
a kind of congee or gruel 
made from millet; athin 
clear decoction made 
from pulse. 

1929. t To remove; to 
cause to reach or extend to, 
as to posterity ; to stand by 

and cause to reach to. Also read She, 
which see. 

1930. E-e | the sun 
moving on diffusing light 
and splendour. The name 

of a pluce. 

1931. A clothes itand; men 
and women must not use 
the same 4j .flP E kei, 

(/!& ^^ . f 

Clothes stand. A stool before a couch 
or bed. 


Sr 1932. Yun, From ^ Yeu>, 
A hand; and 1 E, Extending to 
the ground. To grasp ; to manage ; 
to introduce; to correct. 

*^f* 19. He; she; it; they; 
A JJT that person or thing, refcr- 
\J ring to some antecedent 

Noun, A surname. The name of a 
district, and of a river. 4g|, ' 
Y5 e, Appearing displeased or sorry. 

Woo e, The noise made in 
reading aloud ; in which sense it is 
otherwise written T** E. 

E ke j ^S the epithet of an ancient 
king. Also used as a modern surname. 

E-le 1 3p? a place in western Tar- 
tary, to which Chinese are banished. 

E ne n j |r. that year. ffi |j| 
^ So wei e jin, That or the 
person alluded to. 

E shwiiy 1 ^ffi who ? 
E ting ] ^thcy; them. An ex- 
pletive, ushering in a sentence; as 

from whom does he come ? 

E yun J JJ~ a famous sage of anti- 
quity ; the minister of Vj| Tung 

E wei I jra^a certain insect found in 
damp dirty places, below earthen 
vessels, &c Also called jj { 
Shoo foo, and -/^ tf ShTh sing. 

1934. To breathe; to moan. 
Ued for - E, and $ E. 



1935. - P * I P# 

Ch e joo ne, expresses For- 
ced, or violent laughter. 

1936. - Name of a river in 

1937. E wei \ 
female rat. Used also at 
part of the name of ano- 
ther animal. 

1938. - To wound; to 
hurt , to destroy ; to ex- 
terminate; to eradicate 
To change ; to ICTC! ; tu 
/VT equalize } to clan; to ar- 

>^t / range. Great; good and 
long lived j easy -, com- 
fortable; pleased. The 
name of a place ; the 
name of a hill j and of a 
river. A surname. A man's name. 
Foreigners on the east; foreigners 
generally. Employed as a syllable in 
some of the translations of the Budd- 
ha sect. E san tsfih ^ _^ jjfjjf to 
destroy the Vmdred of one'i father, 
mother, and wife, for some crime 
against the state. Neu e fa ] 
name of a god of wind ; or of flowers. 
Goefi|| | a certain utensil for 
wine. Lew e ^ a fragant 
plant. Tung e E& | was ori- 
ginally applied to Corea ; title by 
which that kingdom was founded. 
The four words, ^ ^ ^ 
Man, teth, keang, e, Express the fo- 
reigners on the South, \orth, Wet, 
and East, of China. In the designa- 
tion of the Southern tribes, there 
was an allusion to fntect$ ; in the 
northern, to Dog t ; in the wertern ,t 





Shrep ; and in the eastern, to the 
Grrnt Bowt which they used. The 
Character E, being formed of T^ Ta, 
Great, and S Kung, A bow. Funge 
?J| | or, Ping e ^ | or 
Woo e iffi 1 the names,of a person 
who lived in ancient times, and who, 
with one jpT -jj Ho-plh, had pow- 
er to impede the energies of nature. 
Lew e P 1 levelled or cut down 
as the mountain forest; denotes any 
affair which flourishes at the com- 
mencement, but in the end fails. 
Ejin j ^ a foreigner. 

E chuen j Iffi a foreign ship. 

1 939. Order ; class, or species. 
To cover a corpse. 

1940. To call out aloud. A 
local word. The appearance 
of laughing. 

1941. - The sisters of a 
wife; the elder sisters are 
designated Ta e ^ j(jK 

great ; the younger are called Seaou 
i >\\ 1 A mother's sisters are also 
culled E. Tang-e ^ j a mother's 
sisters. Shih pi e ~^ /\ ] 
spirit or god of the wind. 

1942. Yue|j 

a hill and territory on the 
east; towards the rising sun. 

1943. The appearance of 
g irments or clothes. 

1944. Walking or going on 
a level place, and in an easy 
manner, a large level road. 

1945. Pleased ; delighted. 

1946. E or Tsun-e 8 Jjt 
to sit cross-legged ; to sit on 
the ground. 

1947. - Name of a wood 
of a reddish colour, and 
thick white bark, fit for 

making carts or carriages. Read Te, 
A small but tall tree; otherwise 
called "H* j& Neu ang, The female 

1948. - Watery excretion 
from the nose; in Chinese, 
the word is often joined 
with y|fe Te, Tears, 
when speaking of grief. 
Wan-e 9gJ jl the name 

of a marsh or lake. 

1949. A brute animal-. 

1950. To hurt; to wound; 
a wound ; a sore. Applied 
also to wounding or dis- 
tressing the mind. 

1951. - A, certain plant. To 
cutdown or eradicate plants. 
Read Te, The appearance of 
plants budding forth. 

1952. - To. sit on the 
ground j or to sit cross legged. 

1953. The back bone. 

1954. Name of a horse. 

1955. ' A case or quiver 
for arrows; a cover or case 
in which bows are carried. 

1956. To discriminate; to 
judge; silent; sedate; calm; 

1957. Sound of hkting 
something in the middle; 
sound echoing. Occurs as 
a mere expletive ; also denoting 
curtain or canopy. 

1958. Particles of earth 
or dirt ; dirt. 

1959-. f E or Yuen-efejJ 

] yielding j complying; 

according with; complaisant 

1 960> A sort of black wood 
with Teins. 

1961 . A disease of the eyes,; 
diseased eyes. Something 
that screens the eyes; the 
caligo or cataract. The Chinese re- 
move it by puncturing the eye. E tsz5 
^ -f- the name of a seed employ- 
ed forthecureofcaligo. 

1962. Stone of a black co- 

1963. A certain beautiful 
black coloured tone. 


19B+. Name of an insect. 

rf 1965. A kind of caseorcoyer 
for a lance. Embroidered 
or rariegated with purple 
and black. Used a an Uphonic 
Particle. Tone of sighing. The name 
of a child's garment ; ill which sense 
it is the same as the following, , 

E-18 | fff the se- 
cond or upper garrnenU of 
a child ; a child's loose dress. 
1967. To answer; to respond; 
a tone of assent, like She-P? 


; -y signifying that one hears 
and promises to attend to the affair. 
1968. - A kind of umbrella, 
parasol, or fan; formerly 
made of the pheasant's tail. 
Th Chinese still make one of pea- 
cock'i feathers as an ornament, 
which resembles the ancient one. To 
corer or hide; to screen or shelter 
what is secret. Trees dying of them- 
; the name of a bird. Ping e 
or Ping e E appel- 
lation of a spirit supposed to preside 
OTer rain and thunder. 

1969. ['] Name of a plant. 
E-hwuy ] ASi luxuriant. 

1970. -The work of curing 
disease; the person "who 
does so. To heal; to 
cure; the Medical pro- 
fession. The name of 
aninicct. To drink. 



E fang j ' Jj a medical prescription. 

E ke f|C\ Medical practili- 
E mun ["p oners j the faculty. 

T e yuen ~tc K the medical 

establishment at court for the uie 

of the Emperor. 
E-ze j |j|fi an official physician at 

the head of many others. 
E-s$ng ' &. a lurgeon or physician. 

E sze ] -j^ a medical man. 

1971. I |j|jj- E heu, To 
gape and laugh. 

1972. E or He, A kind of 
exclamation when about to 
~^f speak, expressiTe of indif- 
ference or contempt. Alo of grief 
or sorrow. 

1973. A black coloured 



1974. Black hair. 

1 975. [-] A certain water 
bird. A yariegated colour; 
azure and black. 

1976. A small black spot; 

{f 1977. Site. Space of thirty yean; 
an age; all who trani'k or tpread 

out on the fare ef the earth ; tr, at 
the Chineie exprett it, who dwell 
between the heavcni ana earth ; 

1978. [/] AB oar for a boat. 
Head Sec, An utentil for re- 
gulating a bow. 

1979. [/jNameof a rircr; 
streams spreading out; to 
disperse; to go away scat- 
tered ; spread wide ; expanded; ease ; 
gentle flow or expansion of the mind ; 
leisure; indulgence; many; a mul- 
titude. Read SeJ, To loose, drip, or 
leak out. A bowel complaint. To 
issue forth and overtop. Host, iloth, 
idle indulgence. 

E e ke yu j j ^ ^ the gentle 
motion of the wings exhibited br 
some birds in flying. 

E-e gentle flow; leisurely ex- 

pansion ; easy gait , an expression of 
admiration on seeing the multitude 
of persons who collect the raulbarrr 


1980. A certain stone like 
the corundum. 

1981. ['] Much talk'; many 
wordi. She-king usci^ E, 
Read She, in the same sense. 

1982. A long coTerlid : or 
counterpane; appearaice 
of a long garment or 
robe ; a sleere. 





1983. To over tep ; to over- 
pass ; to leap over ; to cause 
to pass over ; to transfer 

one's self or another thing. Also 

read She. 

1984. E-e | ] flying; to 

985. To give a saddle to 5 
certain fugitive wanderer j 
certain trappings of a horse. 
Read SeS, A bridle. 

1986. Ke. Different from; a 
different state ofi extraor- 
dinary. The second it the vul- 
gar form. Itcad E, used for 

1987. [ v ] To lean against; 
depend on. Inclined to one 
side. A surname. jtffi. 
fifr &r JjT Wo so e keaou, No. 
thing to depend on. tjj jfe [fjj /f 
j Chung le'ih urn pQh e, Standing 
erect in the middle, not inclining 
to either side. ||| E loo, 

' A tfoarse shed by the side' of tombs, 
where dutiful children arc said to 
have long remained to weep over 
their parents. 

Re E kaou j ||~ E. lae 

| ^ E she ] ffi E chang 
I 'fit a " ex P ress Reliance on ; de- 
pendancc upon. 

K fab. j ^ to lean upon and be se- 
creted under; to be nearly connected 
with; to be included in; they say 
prosperity and adversity are nearly 

E lae | ffy or E tslh | ^ to 
rely upon; to depend or lean upon. 

E 15 j J^ to depend on and engage 
a person to do something. 

198S. EorYae, To sit and 
lean against. 

9~ 1989. [*] A certain wood 
'trlT which is esteemed, and of 
which furniture is made; 
it has four different names. 
E tsze ij^jj 3[* a scat which has some- 
thing to lean against ; a chair. 
E chS 1 ji| a chair and a table ; 

chairs and tables. 
E keS | ^6 a division of an army 

stationed to oppose an enemy. 
E tsze 1 jfefe the wood above referred 
to ; it is said to be the best of all 
E ne I >||j/ weak delicate wood. 

1990. [-] E-yu ] 


' exclamation of admiration. 

1991. - A strong fierce dog ; 
long ; extended ; to add to ; 
to be near to each other, 
as two horses drawing. 

E e, or E yu ^f J|l"j exclamations 
E tseay J (^ > of admira- 

E he [ ^ j tion ; com- 

mendation ; praise. 
E she 1 ffi^ name of a district. 

E, is used for the preceding 
character, and for 4& E. Read O, 
The appearance of the mulberry 

1998. - Waves; the ripple 
or curl on the top of a wave, , 
the brushing or dashing of 

1993. [-] Grain luxuriant ; 
growing plenteously. 

t^ 1994. A particular descrip- 
*% |p tion of cow. Long ; robust. 
Violent ; strong. A large 
strong dog. 

j-^ 1995. The body in a critical 

7| -L state; weak ; delicate ; sick ; 

J bed -ridden; helpless and 

useless as if dead. A short apper- 

1996. A short appearance. 

1997. A luxuriant plenteous 
1 Clj growth of grain. 

1 998. A violent fierce dog. 

1999. E, orCheneip 

tfa I 

clothes well adjusted; well 
dressed; the good appear- 
ance of dress. 

E ne 1 *K garments well put on ; 
dress properly adjusted. 

tSOOO. [\] The side of a 
cart or carriage ; the place 
in a war chariot where th 
soldiers plant their spears. 

m^ I. 2001. p] A metal vase or 
"^ -^^ boiler with feet for dressing 
food in. A stand for military 


weapons, for putting bows into. A 
surname; a man's name. Name of a 
stream. Occurs denoting a kind of 
drn; any kind of boiler or pan. 
Also read Ke. 

2003. A kind of natural 
fence to a district ; the name 
of a district. A ladder, or 
something by which to ascend. 

2003. Good; good in ap- 

E-ne I W fragrant, 
i ^y 1 * 

agreeable smell. 

2005. To bite or gnaw. A 
^l surname; a man's name. 
Also read Ke. 

2006. One ; to unite ; to con- 
centrate the efforts of the mind. 

2007. [ '] To desire ; to covet. 

\- 2008. ['] Cloudy and windy ; 
the wind driving the clouds 
and obscuring the sun. 

_f-- 2009. A pain in the throat. 
3*^2. A stoppage of food in the 

throat; an interruption of 
breathing, as in sobbing from grief. 
Bead Yae, or Gae, in the same 
sense as |Gj| Sha, Hoarse. ^ 

H ^ T ft & Y ' h ' shTh 
chih pfih hea kang yay, Yih i* 

food stopping and not passing down 
the gullet. 

Yih shin ping j ^ ^ Yih is a 
disease which affects eating. W 


/|_^ ml 1 Chung sin joo ytli, Like 
a stoppage at the heart. Denotes 
deep sorrow, as is expressed by| A 
weight or load upon the mind. 

I J 2010. [/] To raise and let 
l/i-r fall the hands ; to raise the 
^^^ hands before the breast and 
drop them gracefully folded, bowing 
the same time. The Chinese mode of 
bowing, is now commonly wiitten 
$& Yih. 

2011. f The heart direct- 
ed to the one true good ; 
morally good ; excellent ; 
virtuous. In the lan- 
guage of, elegaic com- 
position, Benign, mild, 
intelligent, virtuous. A 

E-mei ] 3E good ; excellent ; wor- 
thy of admiration and love. 

E l ' n ] jjg virtuous in an eminent 

,L 2012. ['] To kill by one 
spear or arrow; to throw 
down ; to destroy ; to ex- 
terminate, or cut off; to terminate; 
to tie. To shade;, to overhang or 
overshadow. To cover over; to 

bring things to one rule; to 
judge ; to decide rightly. 

2014. ['] From Heart or 
mind and sound or speech. 
That which emanates from 
the miud or will; the ideas; thoughts t 


reflections; the purpose; the 
inlrntion. One'n meaning; one's 
motive; the meaning or import of a 
word. Opinion ; sentiment ; th 
mind directed to external objecti. 
Used as a Particle of Aspiration or 
exclamation. To rhyme read Tae. 

E pflh seang pei TJ=t ~Jfc JiH "Vfr 
no contrariety, or clashing of opinion 
or sentiment. 

B keen seang foo- ] Ef 4fl ffi- 
a correspondence or sameness of 

E seang puh taou i ^S ~Z -fill 

J > vii* ^\ * ^ J 

unthought of; unanticipated. 
E wae J ^p outside ; i. e. the inten- 
tion; something not contemplated 

or anticipated. 
E-yuen ||ff a wish. 
E wae die yu | /A\ ~ lj| somr. 

failure or evil unanticipated. 
Yung e H [ to employ one's 

thoughts about; to think Indus 


E seang j ^B to think. 
E-sze I W thoughts ; ideas ; the 

Puh haou e sze A^ iJ 

feeling unpleasant, for some, fault 

or indecorum. 
She shin, mo e sze -S- lit. l|? I tfl 

XM (P? [2/1, I /litf 
what is the meaning, of a word 

or motive of a person ? 
Yew seay. e sze %3 JiEP ffl 

there is some thought, or sense, or 
meaning, or intention. 
% 2015. ['] Breathing strong, 
|j,ra| as in uttering a sijjh. The 
^\Jj^ sound of severe pain : th< 
tone of indignation ; the tone of 
sighing. Oh ! alas I Read Yac, The 



ound of repletion ; to belch. 

| pg ^ E e. .y Hi kih, To brlrh 
and cough or ine eze. 

kwae e-ke mig wei fung, The 
breathing of immaterial energy in 
nature is called Wind. (Chwang-tsze.) 
The literati use r^U iBj Ta-kwa, 
for heaven and earth. Chwang-tsze, 
is a very mystic writer. 

E sin pfih ping shing ] ^ ~jT 7f*. 
g* E is a lone of disquietude of mind. 

E-be | (G^oh.'alas! Tone of admi- 

2016. A woman's name. 

2017. [-W] An exclamation 
t- expressive of disquietude 


** and of indignation; of anger 
and of pain. A mere tone of re- 
sponding. Name of a bird. 

2018. [/] In the heart or mid- 

dle of - ( H ^ E - me - 

Pearl-barley. These are 

the provincial characters. Otherwise 

n j 1 1*~** jt 

]?J \ -E-e-jin, and [jjl 

[P] ^ft Hwuy hwuy me, -Mahom- 
medan rice. Also ]& ^ & 
Tsaou chookwei, Grass pearl demon. 
B-tsze J jAl the name of a plant. 
Also read Yfh. 

^2019. [/] E or YTh, A certain 
briny liquor; a certain 

thick sirup or sauce. Head 
Ye, A collection of fume or steam. 

Name of a certain 



.'() 1. E-urh 1 jfjjfi a name 
for the (wallow. 

2022. The tone of pain; 
moaning from a feeKng of 
pain; lamentation. 

2023. [/] To cultivate or dress, 
or to cut down plants and 
trees; to cultivate the field ; 

to be remiss and treat with indiffer- 
ence and levity ; negligent ; idle ; that 
which is effected by such person*, 

or that which is easy ; easily done ; 


not difficult. Otherwise read YTh, 
To change or exchange. Yung e ^. 
j orkiog e jjj?ji I easy to effect, 
not difficult of operation. 

cp > remiss; careless, 
slothful; negligent; 

.E leS 1 [])& to make light, or cheap 

2024. [/] Light s that which 
is made light of. To be dis- 
tinguished from I** Tang. 

SO2t. To lighten or diminish; 
to make light of; to treat 
with irreverence or disre- 
spect. To. change ; to alter, 

^ 2028. [-] That which by 
nature is constituted fit, 
right, proper; fitting 
^ for; suitable to; accord- 
ing with ; union ; har- 
mony. Business; affair. 
Name of a sacrifice ; and of a district. 


A surname. Used forl* E. 

E tae t?T 

I >iii< I 

Man-e 'KH - ] J 

j ^ it pro- 


E hoo, pfih e 1 

Ejin 1 J\^ title of the wires of 

office.of the fifth rank. 
E-jen j j^ift suitable ; proper ; fitting. 

E ke yew tsze see 1 j^ /j" jj jfe 
either affirms that an affair is pro- 
per, or in an interrogative tone, 
implies the contrary. 

2027. To cut down.or et- 

dicate plants or trees. 

202S. What is proper or fit 
for man; virtue; goodnew. 

3029. What is fit, suit- 
able, or proper for man; 
virtue ; goodness ; order ; 
right. Persons who form 
friendships. An acquain- 
tance. Keaou-e ; 
or Tsing-e |j| | or Lan-e 
J friends; intimate acquain- 
tances ; bound by mutual kindnesses. 
Persons who forma voluntary rela- 
tionship to each other. 4^ I -s ne . 
e, Families amongst whom a friend- 
ship has existed for several genera- 
tions. TseTh-e^ J relations by 

E pah yung tsze j ^ ^ 34 
the principles of friendship will not 
admitx>f a refusal. 

20SO. The horn of any ani- 

~031. The name of a country 
place; and of a certain 





20S2. A cross bar in the 
front part of a cart, or 
other wheeled vehicle 
drawn by horses. 

2033, The face; the coun- 

2034. The eyei and eye 

Eor Yae, The teeth 
standing out exposed; 

20*6. Eor Urh. The Seal Cha- 
racter represents an infant, . 
the bones of whose head are 
not yet closed. An infant ; a child ; 
a boy. Feeble j iufantile. Used as 
a Particle of mere sound, much 
employed by the Northern and Tartar 
people. A surname. ^^ -J- 
Urh tsze, A boy. -J ] Neu 

nrh, A girl. 55 H 1 ifc 
Ct J|fl Nan yue urh ; neu yu ying, 
A male (child) is called Urh ; a female, 
is called Ying. This distinc- 
tion is not generally adhered to. 
R8 1 Ying urk, A new born 

infant. /U j Seaou urh, or 
/K 1 -r Seaou urh tsze, A little 
boy ; or in the language of courtesy, 
My little boy. ^ ] Hae urh, A 
child, or Your child ; used by children 


to. their parents, instead of I, or me. 
Sft 1 Ylh teen urh, A little; 

< t I 

a small quantity. [1)1 Ming 
urh, To-morrow. These expressions 
ar quite colloquial. "kgj | Che 
urh, In extreme old age receiving 
a new set of teeth. ^ 3J( ] 
Laou tow urh, Old man. Also read 
E, A surname. 

Urh neu ] -fyr a boy and girl. 

Urh ne yay j'm che chejooraBh yew 

infant, an incipient man, like the 
first budding of a tree or plant. 

2037. Appellative of liltle 

yffej children, of those that are 

I/Li weakand small. To benefit ; 

to distinguish ; a limit; the utmost 

limit. The banks of a river. A 

surname. J^ ^ H j * m 
ke maou e, Send back their old 
men and children. ^ | Twan 
e, The extreme point; the first 
budding forth ; the commencement ; 

the origin. sfi $1$. Uffi ] 
Pnh loo twan e, Not to make the 
least disclosure. -fe | Pe ne, 
To peep; to look obliquely. ~7r. 

I ^3 1 Tio e ' yew e ' To look 
on the right and the left. Also read 


2038. jJJjjLj^Pee.A turret; 
parapet on a city wall, with 
a hole through which to 
shoot arrows and observe what is 
done below. Otherwise called -t 
!fe| Neu-tseang, A woman's wall. 
Also written fl^rf^Fe-e, and ] 
H9 Eheen. Thus expressed in 

Ching shang ueu tseang 
kae tse'en yen, e, kwei wang ching 
hea; yin e wei ming, A woman's 
wall on the top of a city wall, and in 
which is opened an arrow's eyo> 
through which to peep, and observe 
what is done below ; and hence the 
name (woman's wall) which is given 
to it. 

2039. A new born infant ; 
the cry of an infant. One 
says, An ugly woman. 

E-woo fife' wife the appearance of the 
eye brows. One says, Doubt; unde- 

2040. [^] To fix or decide; 
to determine. A child 
seizing hold of, and grasping 

with the hand ; to refute to comply. 
To collect together. A surname. 
Also read Nae. 

2041. A cross bar in front 
of a carriage. Read Ne?, 

, Wobne;jy ] disturbed; 

2042. The declining mn ; 
J\ i afternoon. 

S043. The margin of 
stream ; the bank of a river. 
The extreme or ultimate 

2044. T.eun-e 
species of lion. 




S045. E-tsze |^ ^ indig- 
nition; a look of anger or 
resentment Alse read Yae, 
The eye diseased. 

2046. / To look aslant ; to 
(quint or look sideways, 
from artifice or from anger ; 
the side glance of brute animals or 
birds. The sun throwing its beams 
obliquely. A man's name. 
R urh she che ^ ffjj || with a 
side glance looked 

2047. E or Keae, A parti- 
cular kind of sheep. 

2048. Name of certain in- 
sects said to be produced 
from fog or vapour. The male 
i called E, thefemale^ Hungjthey 
are of various colours, red, green, 
blue, and so on ; hence Hung e jjfT, 
denote the rainbow. Read 
Nee 1 , under which the character is 
laid to denote the female of certain 
insects. KeS-e ~% ] to screen or 
stroke the head, as animals do with 
their paws. Some read this Cha- 
racter Ne. 

2049. According to some, A 
y un gdeer ; others say, An 
animal resembling a lion. 

2 50 ' Certain ornaments of 

2051. To look aside; an 
oblique glance 


2052. Crooked, distorted 

hornv The nameofadii- 

/L^ trict. 



2053. A cross bar in front 
~J\ of a carriage. 

2054. Read Ne, Certain 
various coloured animal- 
cule. Read E, or Yun- 

e iS! **-! the rainbow ; 

Z-i y\~* 

by allusion to those 


'\ diversified by yarious 

E shang yu e ] | ^ ^ certain 
yariegated garments or dresses worn 
on the stage. 

[ a high loftj appearance. 

2055. A small horse. 

2056. A bony appearance.; 

2057. A certain large fish, 
variously denominated, said 
to have four feet; the 
fore part like a monkey ; the pos- 
terior part like a dog. It cries like 
a child. It is from eight to nine 
cubits long. It inhabits the rivers 
which run amongst mountains, and 
in time of drought decoys birds by 
wetting the leaves of trees. The 
male is called uTjg King. p)P ] 
King e, is used figuratively for a de- 
vouring conqueror of men. 


E foo I fmq nre said |o denote small 
I mft 


2058. Used for the lion, 
or an animal deemed 
like it: said to devour 
tigers, and to go five 
hundred le a day. A 
young deer. The name 

a large garment made 
of deer skin. 

2059. Getting new teeth in 
old age. Hwang fi e che 

low hair and small new teeth of eld 
age; old age, or long life. 

2060. To trail; to drag; 
to move slowly; a loi- 
tering easy gait, which 
the Chinese deem grace- 
ful. The name of a river 
With a dot, is a vulgar 
form. j n E pih, 

To send in the white 
paper without any thing 
written on it, at a public 

examination, from incapacity to 

write on the theme. 
E hing | r trailing gait; crawling 

on the ground; sauntering. 

"E chung W) to trail or scrape the 
heel on the ground when walking ; 
to walk in an easy sauntering man- 

E show tung liing :f HJ] ^f 
to walk hand in hand, which the 
Chinese do as Europeans walk 




2081. A tittering laughing 
sound. Same as wSj? E. 

2062. A place to store up 
any thing; a storehouse. 
To store up. 

2063. Practised or accustom- 
ed to; apparent; manifest. 

!064. Expanded ; spread out, 
as streams of water; ex- 
pansion or dilation of the 
filings, by which the Chinese gene- 
rally mean, Ease of mind; amused; 
gratified. Ee | I a fuir wind ; 
flight that looks like a sailing motion. 
Read Se'S, To desist as from anger; 
to be appeased. To flow out; to 
leak ; to put away; to lessen the sum 
of guilt or blame. Name of a moun- 
tain stream. A surname. 

2065. A certain itone like 
the corundum. 

S066. Long; extended; 
the slit or seam where two 
planks join. 

2067. A certain kind of 


2068. PThe^j ] a cer- 
tain kind of grain 

2069. Flying; sailing along 
in the air. 

2070. Certain insects. 

2071. The seam of a gar- 
r> ._-, merlt - One says, A selvage 
or part of the dress which 
girds or binds about. 

2072 A man's name. The 
ame as jjjll; E . 

207S. To bestow carts 
and horses on wandering 
fugitives, or on regular 

2074. The name of a bird, 
said to bear its young flying. 

' 2075. She. An arrow ; a iarl 
or other mistilf weapon 

2076. Wavering; un- 
> settled. 

2077. [1] A particle at the 
close of sentences denot- 
ing that the sense is 
completed, and often 
implying that the pre- 
ceding words contain a 

decided, pointed, strong affirmation. 
The allusion to an arrow in thr 
Character u, that the thought his 
been enunciated with the rapidity 
of an arrow, and has hit i Is mark. 

Seang pell, Jen e $ $ tfc 
I am of opinion that it must be so ! 

Ko chcepf^p | it may be fully 
known! is said of an affair, or of a 
person's character, which may be 
known fully from some circumstance. 

* 078 ['] To be TPrs l or 
practised in; to attend to 
orders with assiduity in the 
service of. Weak and delicate a 
plants that shoot up after being 
cut down. The name of a stream. 

E " bg 1 ^v to llud y in college; 
to attend in the public school to tlie 

occupations of a scholar. It is thr 
privilege of rery few to reside with- 
in the college. 

2079. A certain plant 

2080. To advance ; toenter 
in ; to wait. 

2081. - To doubt; to sus- 
pect ; doubt; suspicion ; to 
guess at ; to be apprehensive 
of; to dislike ; perverse. Name of a 
hill; of a divinity; of an office. 
Read Ying, Quiet ; fixed. Read YTh, 
To stop. Occurs denoting To put* 
person higher. 

E gan ^ a case in law on which 
doubt yet remains,; commonly re- 
fers to cases of murder. 



E hw5 I i'X to be suspicious, and 

E ping | te a disease of suspicion; 

irresolution spiritless. 
E tow ' b suspicion s. 

2088. [>/] False; doubtful; 
mutual doubt,, or suspicion. 
To compare ; to determine 
upon. Syn. with |ja E. Occurs 
but erroneously,, in the sense of 5jj^ 
E, Luxuriant; abundant. Read e, 
Obstinate stoppage ; constipation. 
Head Hae, or Gae. ^jjj- J Tae 
gae, Silly, foolish appearance. 

2083. To examine into.; to 

2084. A napkin or cloth. 

the nine mountains. The 
name of a range of moun- 
tains seen at a distance on the west- 
ern frontier of China; they are 
seen indistinctly, and the mind is 
in doubt about them; hence The 
character is made of Doubtful and 
Mountain. There are nine peaks 
said' to extend upwards of two thous- 
and L. Repeated, E-e, Eminent vir- 
tue. Applied also to denote the pro- 
mising talents of children ; also a fine 
shaped head. 

2088. [\] To gurssatjto 
conjecture; to surmise; to 
think and draw conclusions ; 
to deem ; to decide; on consideration. 
1 ike ; similar to j to purpose or intend 


to do. Seang-e *l KF like each 


B e I H| to decide after deliberation. 
Et 8 ,,rhhowyen ] gg jfi) ft f 

to think and form opinions in the 

mind, and then speak. 

E tiew J j|^ to decide in any public 

court, and afterwards report to the 

Te pun etaou king, rfo ~fc, | :)] 

JO I at first, or originally, iatended 

to go to Peking. 

2087. Used for the preceding 
in the books of the Buddha 

2088. A certain large earth- 
en Tessel. 

2089. A luxuriant growth 
of a certain kind of grain. 

2090. Luxuriance of growth, 
applied to grain ; and reite- 
rated with a tone of admira- 


8091. E e | I the sharp 
and prominently shooting 
up of the horns of animals ; 
sharp pointed horns. 

2092, Doubtful wordfa ; 
to speak doubtingly ; 
hesitation; deliberation; 
to speak untruly or 
doubtfully. Used for 
JCT E, To deem ; to de- 
cide. A serious respectful carriage. 
To wait reverently for a decision of 
doubts by divination. 


2093. The name of a fish. 

2094. From JX Sin, Mean- 
ing Stiff; and ^vt Che, 
A boar. An angry boar 
bristling up its hairs; 
hence employed to de- 
note Firmness and un- 
bending strength of mind; valiant; 
puissant ; brave. One says, To de- 
stroy plants aspiggdo; cruel; un- 

2095. ['] A firm unbending 
mind ; greatness of mind ; 
fortitude ; magnanimity ; 
intrepid; intrepidity. Power of suf- 
fering, or acting well. The name 
of a place, and of a bird. A word 
used in playing at Chess, denoting > 
certain move. Heung e 3A 
great fortitude and strength of mind. 
Rang e jj{]|J ] firm and unbending ; 
firmly facing any danger or calamity. 
Yaou e 3 j sedate and still, with 
undaunted firmness. 

E jen 3n . magnanimously ; with 

2096. A species of bamboo; 
a section of bamboo ; 'a 
small bamboo 

2097. Name of a certain 
plant, used in sacrifices. 




2098. [\'J To take and 
plant with the hand; to 
arrange and plant trees , 
to cultivate the arts of 
life; the business or occu- 
pation of life ; the more 
polite arts, viz. the rules 
S/fc of decorum; music; ar- 

P/A chery; the art of driving 
a carriage ; writing, and 
arithmetic. These are 
the -^r Wi. LHh e, Six 

x^ i "^y- 
fine arts. Talent; ability. 

Occurs in the sense at y~ Wan, 
To hit a mark ; to arrange tributary 
affairs. An extreme point or limit. 

E-sze j J&. the occupations of life, 
followed to gain a livelihood. 

Show-e 3i J to apply the hand to 
business ; handicraft. 

Ke eJi the superior avocations 
of life. 

2099. [/] The tone of 
laughing ; noise made in 
sleep; woring; talking 
in sleep. j]|? ffa l* 
Pj| fl$l P^ Me'en cluing 
gan e shin hoo, Snoring 

and calling nut in sleep. 

3000. The sleeve of a gar- 
ment; the ancient wide 
sleeve of the Chinese. 
Fun e ta hoo ^5? || ^ $. dashed 
about his sleeve and cried out aloud. 

3001. Words uttered ih sleep; 
words spoken, or to speak 
in a retired place. A man's 
name. . 

P*RT n. o 2 


.1002. To. Much; many ; often. 



3003. Same as / K. See 



3004. [--] E-ej| ] the 
bar of a door. To bar the 
outer gate. 

3005. Foo-e 4^ 1 the 
name o( a tree; another 
name is iffi- 1 Po-e, and a 

tllird '' 1 %jj E-yan S . 
E chung keen tn Igrnameof 

a certain office. 

3006. Name of an animal 
resembling a dog, wifh a 
white tail. 

3007. [ - ] To replant grain. 
First to sow and afterwards 
replant it, as is done with rice; 
to remove from one place to another ; 
to change ; to alter ; to change as the 
wind ; to remove down a river as a 
ship does ; to pass a public despatch 
to another hand. A surname. Name 
ofahill. Occurs denoting to praise; 
great ; extensive. 

E-churn /j^. fflft to move a ship From 
one part of a river to another. 

E-keun jS to move an army 

from its posit ion. 

E ytien tsew kin 1 jja l^r *fj~ 
to part with property which isdistant 
for what is situated near. 

E yfih T? to remove a gem ; i. e. 
to invite a friend to an entertainment. 

K-shoo I S& to send a letter to a 

prnon, nearly no na rquality of 
Ewin I ^ to send a public despatch 

3008. A hill or mountain. 

3009. An \cf hom- 

3010. Leen-e 

fire continuing to luirn. i 
spread interminably 

3011. A small collage r 
lodge by the side of an rl<-v- 
tcd gallery. The rooms or 

apartments of a palace connected 
together. Also Read Che. 


SOU. Wci-e^: Vi :i 

certain plant. 

3013. A certain animal like 
a dog, having a reddish snout 
and white head. 

3014. To remove ; to pais 
to another place, to 
change; to alter. The 
last of the four characters 
is in most frequent use. 






3015. The door of *n ice 

3016. A particular kind 
of tripod ; a species of hoiler. 
One say r, A knife. Also read 

S07. The name of a bird; 

a general term for all birdi. 

3018. [ ' ] Compounded of 
My and Sheer. Good ; right ; 
proper ; luitable ; righteous ; 
righteousness; in acting to cause 
very circumstance to attain its pro- 
per place. E, is opposed to 3j|J Le, 
Gain, or the love of gain; and to 
# Tsing, What is done from kind 
feeling merely. E, denotes what is 
good and excellent of its kind, and 
is worthy of honor. Also, that which 
ii done from an upright, liberal, and 
disinterested principle; and often 
refers to acts which proceed from 
benevolent and charitable feelings. 
A surname. E kvran a& gH a 
free school. 

E he 1 p; a public school, or na- 
tional college. 

E le ] Jig the principles of right 
and justice. 

E ke | -jpra high feeling of right; 
honesty ; integrity ; high toned mo- 
ral feeling. 

E keuen pfih mae too-kea j -^ ~JF 
US la ^^ ^ ou>t se " * faithful 
dog to the Butcher. 

]. is applied to a cause which brings 
together a great many persons aim- 

ing to attain the right moral path, 
u, Esze 1 ^jjj a general who heads 
an army that fights for principles. 
E chen tap righteous battles. 
9. What all men honour ; hence, E tc 
jjj? a righteous sovereign ; and 
E wang ] ^p a title of kings, un- 
der the present dynasty. (1818.) 

3. What is intended for the use of 
the public, or to be given freely to 
them ; hence, E tsang [ & pub- 
lic granaries. E shay j jjjj; pub- 
lic altars to the gods. E te>n | 
jjj the land of the public, or for 
public charities. E ylh ] 4& 
ervant for the public use, or the 
public service. E tsing 1 it 
a public well. 

4. To persons who surpass the rest of 
mankind in talent i ind virtue ; hence, 
E sze j j^ an eminent scholar. 

E foo J OTj an eminently, virtuous 

5. What is brought in from without ; 
hencf, E urh j ^ or ~f~ 
Elsze, An adopted child. 

6. What is road* from the composi- 
tion of many materials; hence, E 
mih 3 an ink composed of 
numerous ingredients. 

7. And, To animals possessed of excel- 
lent qualities ; hence, E keucn 1 

* a faithful dog. 

SO 19. To lay a boat or 
other vessel alongside a 
/ bank; straight; leaning 
against. One says, A 
pole erected as a signal. 

3020. Same as 'Eg E. 




3021. The name of a hill; a 
lofty aspiring hill or moun- 
tain. Ke e |Il 1 de- 

"VI I 

nete the same. 

S022. [-] The forms or usages 
proper for man. Right; 
regular; correct; proper; 
a rule; a pattern; a rite; a ceremony. 
To imitate; to study to effect ; to 
contrive. The external appearance, 
or manner ; figure. Tw o ; a pair. A 
principle, or energy. A surname. 
^5 j Yung-e, A proper deport- 
ment. | l^f /fij'Jll Yewe 
ko seang, A deportment worthy of 
imitation. t$ J Wei e, A 
majestic and dignified manner. ^f 

^ ftMAJjMH Wae 

show foo heun; jfih fun mooe, Let 
the boys of len years of age Go out 
and receive the instructions of a 
master ; the girls at the same age, 
enter and respectfully learn the 
manners of a mistress. (Tseen-tsze- 
win.) jjj^ I Le e, Rites and 
observances. ^ || ]g | 
Befi seih le e, To learn and practice 
the observances of propriety and 
decorum. J^ ^ Teen 

te e, The figure of the heavens. 

f ! PI /Z. Wo e to che> r 
study to effect it. ppj] j Leang 

e, The heavens and the earth. ~ 
I San e, The heavens, earth, and 
man. A local term denoting, TV 




E hing Wan-wang, wan pang feB fow 

imitate the virtues of Win-wang, 
and every state will exercise confi- 

E yung twan haou ^j yxj Jy 1 
regular, correct manners and conduct, 
-choo J yjE^ ceremonial; the 

E choo 1 t J ru ' es f ceremonial; 
forms of seeing or visiting, each other. 

E wfih I %m * present. 

Evia 1 *l external ornament 

3023. A certain bamboo 

3024. [/] To lay a boata- 
gainst a bank. 

3025. [ v ] The ant; the white 
or black ant, for which the 
Chinese have a great va- 
riety of names. E is used by the 
people in petitions for the pronoun 
I. The name of a hill Fow-e ^ 
5J|| a thick kind of liquor, or its 
dregs. PTh e y name of a 

korse; the white ant. Hih-e jj? 


j the black ant; wkich devours 
the white ant. 
E fung 1 [Ifi? an ant hill. 

E tseu ] *$; collected numerous as 

ants; banditti. 
Eting | ^we. 

E tsuy M^ numerous groups of 


3086. [/] To speak on what is 
proper to be done; to con- 
sult; to deliberate; to plan; 

to select. Rules or laws. Name of 
an office. Meen e ?m 1 to con- 
sult verbally, fuce to face, aud not 
by writing. Pa e /\_ | eight 
standing rules in the ancient laws. 
E lu to, ching kung shaou | =j|j 
$>L rjH jjl f\f to deliberate much 

and effect little. 

E lua ] rffirf to discuss and plan. 

E ta foo 1 -^ ^ a title of second- 
ary officers of the Third Rank. 
E sze 1 ifi. to consult about affairs. 

3027. [\] A certain cross 
bar to which the reins of a 
carriage are fixed. 

3028. The spawn of fish 

3029. A certain specie* of 
wild fowl, 

3030. To bite ; to gnaw. 

3031. [-] In the state Tsoo, A 
bridge was expressed by this 

heen tsung yung yew hea Pel e shang, 
yu ylh laou foo show e hoo, Leang, 
having in an easy sauntering manner 
wandered down to the bridge at Pei, 
met an old father who gate a book 
to him. (Tse'en-han.) Some think 
it does not denote a bridge, but the 
bank near a bridge; for a famous 

Poet, 4 

?f 1 |j J^Wolmee keaouhang, 

Wu Lie ke.ioy keaou shang, is saying, 
/ came the tridge the trirtge upon: 
a tautology, it is argued, that so 
good a Writer could not be guilty 
of, and therefore it should be, 1 cime 
upon the bridge which extends to- 
the bank. 

3032. [/] E, or E Use ] 
in An interjection expres- 
sive of doubt; hesitation; 
Can it be ? how can it be? Also de- 
noting assent to a trial being made ; 
and of declining j putting aside t 
withdrawing. [/] To raise ; to retire. 
Used forS.E, Different from. 

3033. Commonly ready Go, 
Occurs used for TOI E, and 
t]j|| E, see above. 

8034. The chin ; the side of 
the mouth. To feed or 
nourish. One of the 


3035. [-] Deep; the name 
of a place; an Euphonic 
particle. Ke ejffl jjjf 

a hundred years of age. 

30S6. Name of a erUin 

3037. [ / ] To go or repair 
to in person. The name of 
an insect. The name of a 
wood, in which it is used for fe E, 






and of which a certain palace was 

jUff 4 * t j. < 

nudr Tsin e YU or \K 

"Tftt | At- | 

Taou F, To jo to another person. 
Tuhe^g j or ^ HOW e , 
Another person's roming to me. 

3038. [ < ] Still ; respectful : 
decorous manner. Pleased ; 
delighted. A man's name. 

Alto ready Gae. 

3039. To die of itself, as 
trees or plants ; to fade ; to 
be wounded or cut,, so as to 

cause death. A slight disease of the 
hands. or feet. 

3040. [ / ] To strangle ; to 
suspend with a cord or 

sze j ^g to strangle to death. 
Xtze e j|j 1 to hang one's self. 

34I. [-] A kind of vase 
or tripod for containing 
wine used in temples at 
great sacrifices. Con- 
stant ; invariable rule , 
law or principle. A rule ; 
a law ; to be honored or obeyed. 
Ping e -jjfr ppthe moral principle in- 
stilled by Heaven in human nature. 
E lun jjijj the natural .relations of 

husband and wife, parent and child, 

and so on. 

E ke I yj*j a esrl for wine. 

( S041. To strike ; to attack. 

3043. [ / ] A certain master 
of archerv. 

3044. [/] From HE Keae, 
A boundary ; and 4^ Kung 
Two hands. Separated; 
divided from; different from ; of an- 
other country. Extraordinary; 
strange; odd. To esteem strange, 
unusual; -wonderful. To oppose. 
A surname. 

Ke-e -^jfr | strange; odd; surprising. 
Woo ming e 4flf; ^Jj a certiin 

medicinal plant. 
E-keaou . 3sH namt of a plant. 

E-sing I 53; of a different simiame; 
of a different family or clan. 

E-sin ] ^jjl different minds or opi- 

JS045. [I] To cut off the nose 
as a punishment. To cut. 

jin teen seay c, Those persons shave 
their heads and cut offtheir noses. 
^ Teen in the text, is by some 
thought a misprint for rfn Urh. Also 
read \e. 

3046. [/] Labour; toil; 
distress. Also read She. 

3047. ['] E or Tae, To 
reach or extend to; to 
approach from behind; to 

come up to a certain point of time. 

3048. [t] Secret; retired; 
Ihe recesses of the mind; 
to feel ashamed. 

3049. [/] In profound 
retired place. Obscure; 
gloomy. To inter; to bury; 
to bury a brute. To sacrifice after 
interring; the victims used at a 
funeral sacrifice. To sacrifice to 
rivers and to the moon. 

3050. Still, gentle, quiet, to 






Manuscript Dictionary, Fa. Canton Dialect, Ftl. 

2151. From the reverse side 
of Jf Ching, To put in a 
right state ; to supply with. 
Defect; temporary want; destitute; 
fo fail. ffl ./Kwinfi, Weary, 
fatigued. -jj^t- | Keue fi, Defec- 
tive; destitute of. f ? ^l/ &^ 1 
She fei keu fi, Possessing nothing 
to meet necessary expenditure, jjjj 
| Keung fa, or J| ] Pin ft, 
Impoverished. (life P|| 

m: ~^/ iK Kwei fi, keungyaou che 
paou, Feel ashamed that I possess not 
the gem Keung-yaou, with which to 
recompense you ; used in letters.whcn 
acknowledging the receipt of favors. 
As an Active Verb, To spoil, to 
injure; to render useless. 
Fi shang I jj an embarrassed 

Fi shlh 1 & to be without food. 

^-<* 2152. Fi-tseS 1 ^|ade- 

/J licate small appearance. Com- 
"^^^- monly read Fan, To flo-it. 

,2153. Lean; weak; feeble; 
lassitude; weariness, such 
as is induced by heat. 

2154. From a man holding a 
lane.-. To g'.rike ; to de- 
stroy. To lay the country 


r 2 

desolate. To punish. Meritorious 
deeds. To boast of one's services. 
To reduce to subjection, either 
rebel* or a foreign enemy. The s:tme 
is expressed by ^j /fJJ thing fi. 

BiMiff 1 T.eaytsinkeunfi, 
And exhibit (my) prince's merito- 
rious actions. ^K Q A 
A ;]d/ Pah tszefi koo yew kung, 
He who does not boast of his 
merits, is on that account meri- 
torious. ^ J jfr |EJ ] 

H E3 ^ Ming ke kung yu 
fS, tseih jih yuK yut, To publish his 
merit is called Fa ; daily to accumu- 
late it is called Yu. j^ & 
^ Teaou rain fi tsuy, To com- 
passionate the people and punish the 
crimes (of their rulers.) 4Jy 
Shi fi, To kill. 

Name of a certain weapon, and 
of a star. Occurs in the sense of TS 
Fi, A ridge. To rhyme, read He'g. 
It is said that l^/ Sl.oo, To guard or 
maintain a pest, like Ft, is from Man 
and Lance; but ?hoo, represents a 
man siltiug, whilst Fi, represents 
him standing erect, 
Fikoo j ay to strike a drum 

I J*^V 

Fimdh ytv * cut d wn atree - 

Fi tsi-y 1 ffi to punish an offence. 

2155. To till or plough the 
ground ; olherwiseexpressed 

ke too yay, To plough and raise the 
earth. Some write J5S Fi, and 
others jfl/Fi. 

2158. To stand erect 

2 1 57. A kind of raft to cros 
a river; applied also to a 
large vessel that navigates 
the sea. Ho fi ^ ^ fire ves- 
sels are spoken of. 

5158. Fire. 

2159. A raft made of bam- 
boos for crowing a river; 
a large vessel that goes to 
sea. A raft made of wood or plarks 
in contradistinction from one made 
of bamboos, is callec 3 Pae. 

2160. FSyuJ M the 
meritorioui serrices of offi- 
ceri of the government ; tbr 




d^ro.^s of which there are five, 

which are expressed by Fi; their 

accumulation, by Yu<5 
FJ yu* che kea [<yj ~ *& 

a fimily or fiiiiir.ei which haTede- 
s /rved well of their country /[ 
Fi is also us.:d i.i this sense. Fi 
also di-iol-.s a door on the rigiit 
ha;id ; and Yu8, A door on the left. 

,2161. From jfj? Che, An 
aiiim il of virtuous di po- 
sition, but which attacks 
the guilty : from -^Fj 
Keu, To put away evil, 
and from y Shwuy, 
JPater, denoting every thing being 
reduced to a proper level. A con- 
stant invariable usage ; something 
that bou.ids or restricts. A law ; a 
rule; a precept; the regulations or 
rules of the Monks and Nuns of 
Buddha. A set of moral precepts. 
The infliction of the law; a punish- 
ment. To make something a rule 
or law to one's elf. Chlh fa $fc 
the name of a star. A surname. 
Fie ~T$ the garments enjoined by 

the order of the nuns of Bud ha. 
Fang fl ft j ary means em, loyed 

toi.tia'n son e end. 
Heaou fi Wi I toimiate. 

Fa keas 1 PI- a certain division of 

Fi ledh 1 %& the laws ; a law. 

Fi mun I BB the Sjct of Buddha. 

Fa-Ian se kw5 


the French; also written. Fflh-lang' 


Fl *hwS 1 

discourse on, or a- 


greeable to, the precepts of the 

Buddha religion. 
Fi snub I f/|L. an 7 means employed; 

or any act to effectuate certain 

Fi too faf a rule of proceeding or 

Fa wae che hing y^j ft ^ ^\\ 

punishment which exceeds the law. 

2 1 63. The appearance of an 

8163. From / P8, Standing 
with the feet spread out, ad- 
ded to a bow a:.d arrow. To 

shoot from a bow , to send forth ; to 

cause to issue forth j to sprirg forth. 

To send; to despatch; to transport; 

to induce to utter ; to raise higher, to 

make manifest , to advance , to go ; to 

proceed to ; to go with haite ; to cause 

confusion; to attack and suppress. 

Name of a district ; a surname. 
Fi chow W to utter a curse or 

Fi chaou 1 jifl to issue forth damp ; 

to mould. 
Fi twan choo I jj^jj ^ the place or 

point where any thing originates. 
Fa hwuy ] [] to send back. 
Fi kih 1 5JC. to induce customers, 

such goods as will do so; an addition 

common to the shop boards or signs 

at Canton. 
Fi kei | 'f^ to come to light ; to 

be discovered. 
Fi leen ] y^l Fi denotes Spring ; Leen ; 

Fi raiug I HH to illustrate ; to bring 


to light ; to explain. The uarao of > 

Fi kelh peen I jj^t i^ to send or 
banish to the extremities of the 


VI slit- 1 f to utter an oath ; to 
I va 

take an oath. 

Fi fung i'HJ to be smitten with 

the leprosy ; to be leprous. 

Fifuagize 1 3S?' ffe a establish- 
I /v S J 

ment for lepers ; a bzar-house. 

Fi tan 1 jpf. to issue permits to 
f hopboats. 

Fi tsae &l" to increase one's pro- 
perty ; to acquire wealth ; to get gain. 

Fi ke wan tsae ] ^ || jft 
made several time's ten thousand 
pieces of mo:iey the current coin 
is generally understood. 

E tsae ft shin fy $ ] J^ to em- 
ploy wealth to advance one's person j 
to in ke wealth subordinate. 
Fi fi 1 1 haste ; celerity ; speed. 

Fitse 1 TJK the rites of marriage. 
I rt 

E !un fi toae J^J t% \ ^^ 
sacrifice one's perioa fur the take 
of wealth. 

Hing fi fj | to proceed on a jour- 

Tsing fi '^ | the nameofariTcr. 

Same as 

i, To 

8165. Commonly read Fei, 
A house falling. To cause 
to desist; to stop of itself; 

to fail. Also read Fi, in some ancient 






S 1 S(S A large vessel to navi- 
gate the seas. Read PS, in 
the same sense. Read Fow, 
The top of a pillar. 

2167. A large weapon; a 
kind of shield. Commonly 
read PS, To put aside j to 
spread ; to raise ; to put in order. 
Fa too 1 -p to turn up the ground, 
to prepare it for seed, 

2168. Coarse mats made 
of bamboo reeds ; a de- 
formity of lhjbody,being 
unable to stand erect, 
as from hunch' back or 
high breast. 

8169. To utter words, j to 

2170. Wang j=r? Ditorierty, 
-^ I | improper, and ~=^ Yen,, To 


Speak, make g Le, To 
rail at; to these )J Taou, Knife, 
being- added, makes p'i,. To rail at, 

and t'iriMten with a knifoi hence, 
A petty crime i tlie punishmont of a 
mail olTencej a slight flogging: a 
fine. To fine ; to forfeit. 

FS t<ew 'M to forfeit a c Ttain 
qiimtiiy, or so many cupsofwinej 
i. e. to be obliged to drink it. 

Fa yin 1 ^\J to forfeit a sum of 
money ; as by coming too late to a 
meeting of a club. 

Fi he ylh pun jS 'rg 7]\ * 

forfeit a play, frequent amongst 
shopmen in the same street; the 
punishment for violating the rules 
of.the street, is, to- pay the expense 
of a play for one day. 

Fi fng ] ^to forfeit to govern- 
ment, as a fine, a part of one'* pay. 

2171. A horse walking. A 
horse enraged; a boric 
shaking iU head. 

2172- The name of a plant 

S173. A kind of shield to 
il fi'iid the person , tome- 
thing held before Ibeeyej 
hence the character it 
under the Radical Eye. 
A Uo used for a weapon i 
a kind of cndg-1 or lince, and in the 
enie of ft Fi, To lubdue. 


2174. Hair on the human 
bodv, particularly the hair 
of the head ; applied also to 
the beard. Grass, vegetables, plants, 
and trees are called the hair of the 
earth. A surname. Fi, is defined by 
Root ; and by to Eradicate. Tow fi 
of M the hair of the head. Seu 
fi ||| | the beard. Pe tow san 

fi $j $1 fffc ] * he head beat in- 
to tne utmost disorder ; dishevelled 
hair. Pe fi zjjt disordered 
hair. ShTh fS ~jp ] the hair of 
slones; mosses. 

Fi show shang maou ffi \* ^ 
Fi, is Ihe hair on the head. Maou, if 
commonly applied to beasts anA- 
birds ; Fi to the human hair. 





Manuscript Dictionary, Fan. Canton Dialect, Fan, 

?175. [-] To include every 
thing. Represented by 
the character. The second 
form is the vulgar mode. 
All; all persons; com- 
mon-, commonly; vul- 
gar; ordinary persons; as PSh fan 
~T( W not ordinary ; i. e. Extra- 
ordinary. Every ; the greater part; 
generally ; for the most part. The 
name of a country. A surname. 
XJJ 1 Tan fan, Whoever ; what- 
ever; whenever. ~fc Ta fan, 

%fe FS fan, Generally; gene- 
*-* l 

rally speaking; for the most part. 
Syn. with j^ fc Ta te. ^ | 
Choo fan, All; every; the whole 
taken individually. Jj|r 1 Tsfiy 
an, or I W. Fan yaou, The most 
important of the whole. HF | 
Fe fan, or "^ P8h fan, Not 
common ; not vulgar. To rhyme, 
read Fun. 

Fan foo | ^ or Fan yung ] 
a common person. 

Fan foo sBh tsze } % 
a common vulgar person. 

Fan jin * 
per ions. 

every body ; ordinary 

Fan the I "Hr the world common to 
all j or Fan keen 1 M9 among the 
common mass ; are expressions which 
denote the present state of human ex- 

Fan so yew | 6/r /ifff all which are, 

or exist, the whole number of per- 

ions or things; every body; every 


Fan sze || ^ every affair ; in affairs 


Fan yew teen hea che kwS | /ff 
3F- "Tv ~>f Ml all the countries of 
the world. 

Fan sze yu, tsih l&e I jfe lffi\ ^|J 
y/ in every affair be prepared, and 
you will succeed. 

Fan tae j Bjj a common womb ; 
born as common mortals are, having 
no claim to an angelic nature. 
Fan wuh 1 jtfa every thing. 

817. To make light of; 
to treat with neglect and 

2171. A sail of a boat or 
ship; a vessel propelled l>y 
the wind. Shlh fan ^j" 
a certain plant ttj 1 Yang fan, 
Toipreai' I .il; to sail ; to depart 

Fan poo j /Hj canvas . 

8178. [/] To float; to be 
driven by the winds and 
waves without opposition; 
levity. The name of a river; the 
name of a country village. Read 
Fung, in the ame sense. Read Fi, 
Delicate; the noie of wave* dashing. 
Fan chow I -$}- to float in a boat. 

Fan peaou I I'll light; nimble.' 
f 7J\* 

Fan sha | j|| to scatter water 5 to 

Fan tse'2 Vjff the dashing of wave* 
against each other. 

Fan yin v$ inundating; exceed- 
ing ; excess. 

2179. A certain wood. The 
bark is called Shwuy-fow- 
mflh ~/j^ /&- ~ff^ floating 
wood ; perhaps a species of Cork. 

8180. Large eyci. 

2181. [/] A word found ia 
the books of BndJhu denot- 
ing, in Chinese, Retirement 
and stillness ; alco the tone of rociU- 




tive. It further, commonly denotes, 
The region from which Buddha 
sprung. Head Fung and Fow, It de- 
notes The wind sweeping over the 
top-i of trees. 

Fan-yen tjK j the language of Fan, 
or of India, in contradistinction 
from T|i =| Hwa-yen, The Chinese 

2182. Much talk; having 
a great deal to say ; loqua- 

2 1 83. The name of a place. 

SI 84. The appearance of a 
horse walking, or going at 
any other pace. 
2185. [\] From Hand, the 
ag.Mit by which things are 
turned. To turn contrary to 
the first direction; to turn back; to 
return; again and again; contrary 
to; coatrnrywise ; on the contrary ; to 
act contrary to; torebd Read Fan, 
To turn back part of the deserved 
punishment ofa criminal ; to mitigate 
punishment. fi 3& Jj f j^ *z e 
chay woo fan, The messenger return- 
ed five times. |g jfj,^ ^ 
Fdh Itth lae fan, When blessings and 
wealth descend, he still continues 
unwearied. Lae fan ^j 

in common usage denotes, To 
come and go. El Tsze fan, 

To turn back one's self; to examine 
o.-e's .-e!f. '~;J ] Mow fan, To 
plan rebellion, ^3 Tsaou fan, 

A m f | 

or 4fc Tso fan, To rebel; 


overt acls of rebellion. ] tyi 
Fan pwan, To desert lh<; service of, 
and rebel against. IMJ PcTh fan, 
To force to rebellion by oppression. 
] Fan, or ] -jj Fan tse, 
The syllabic mode of spelling; 43? 

T*~ MjL I Saou ' soo 'I )aou * n Tne 
pronunciation <>f f',R is obtained from 

Soo-paou, by going back to the ini- 
tial, and joining it to the final, Saou. 
Fan chaou I i$ to row back. 

Fan chaou ]' H3 to reflect back light. 

I y 

Fan fan | decorous; attentive 

to propriety. 

Fan fnh ?g backwards and for- 

wards; over again; tautological, ap- 
plied to words- 
Fan gan |5; to go contrary to, or 
deny the confession mide at an in- 
ferior court, commonly on the 
ground of its being extorted. 

Fan keang teth shwS hwa 1 Ej| j^(j 
j?{f ^i speech which implies iUop- 
posite ; sometimes denoted by the 
tone of enunciation. 

Fan hwuy | fgj or reversed, Hwuy 
fan, To turn back again to. 

Fan lae fiih keu j .>jk ^ -l~ com . 
ing back and going away .again. 

Fan wei pilh mei ^5 J^ ^fe 

contrary (to. what I wished; it turned 
out unpleasantly. 

Fanfuh pdhting | ^ ^ ^ un- 
settled j wavering. 

Fan wei gow too | ^ |1^ |ifc 
his stomach turned and he vomited. 

21S6. Same as the preceding. 
A rebel. 

2187. [-] Fan or Vwa- 

declivity nta hill. >; 
a dyke. W ^ r 
The side of a hill ; a bank , 

a mound raised to itop 

< I 1,1 
water. ] jj , /, 

Fan, too po kaou, Fan is a high Li n.k, 
precipice or declivity. To rhyme, 
read Pc'en and Keucn. 

2188. A bad heart. A hastr 
disposition. Precipitant ; 
penitent; to repent. 

2189. ['] Fan or Pan, A 
famous river which rises in 
some mountains in the Pro- 
vince of Ho-nan, from whence it 
runs north-east till it enters the Yel. 
low riyer. 

SldO. Afield; a level piece 
of land which is cultivated. 

2191, A bad disorderly per- 
son; vicious tcoldiag neigh- 

2192. To return to re- 

-^ j\f sonable mode of speaking, 

O/ ^ from a kind of compulsion 

arising from circumstances. To 

make a clamorous noise. Also 

read Pwan. 

Pwan yen 1 R^ to bra S ; to P rail * 
one's self. 

* 2183. A sort of cover made 
fjj\/ <'f mats or leather to keep 
]/ / ^^. the dust and dirt from a 



8194. [/] To Him the 
penny ; to buy cheap and 
sell dear ; to traffic ; to 
buy and sell ; to deal in. 

1 H A D Fan 

mae jin kow, To buy and 
tell human beings; to make a trade 
of buying children or. grown people, 
is prohibited by law; the oljecls of 
this illicit traffic are generally devot- 
ed to vicious uses. To purchase 
boys or girls for domestic use is 
allowed. ^ j New fan, To deal 
ia cattle. ^ ] (^ V^ Ma fan 
tethjin, A horse dealer. 

2195. ['] To return; to 
come back ; to revert ; 
to cause to revert, or re- 
turn to. Wangchaypdh 

they that go do -not re- 


Fan fun J ^ to go backwards and 

forwards ; backwards and forwards ; 

reiterated again and again. 
Fan che yu teen J' -"T- ~fc 

to refer it to Heaven ; to the will of 


,2196. [ ] The bank of a lake; 
the dike; the |rrecipitous 
side of a mountain; a dan- 
gerous place. The name of a place. 
4&ed also for W Fan, and i^ Fan 

'/*- r/jfc 

Fan teen | PI a field surrounded 
by a dike. 

2197. A piece of gold cast 
into the form < f a cake, 
laid out in offering sacrifices 
on certain occasions. 


t^.*, 2 1 98. [ '] A meal ,- one time of 
^ taking food ; the principal 
article of food ; rice ; rice 
which has been prepared by boiling 
or steam. ChUh fan ^ ^jf or Yung 
fan 11.1 ] to take any meal. Chih 
leaou fan 'B j I or "g^ yjh 
I Chih kwo fan ! Have you'had 
your meal.' is a common salutation, 
.like flow do you do? They reply 
Yew peeD^jfl! or JH^Pee,,. 
kwo, denoting I am beforehand 
with you, I have dined and cannot 
invite you. 

Fan chih , Aj to eat ; provisions. 
Fan how hing san ilrih poo, pHh yung 
kae yS pt.o 

walk thirty paces, and there will be 

no occasion to open Apothecaries' 

shops; Uke exercise. Me fan ^ 

| rice. Tsing jin chih fan jjjfc- 

/ K. to ' nT ' te a person to 
dinner, or any other meal. 

2199. The name of a fish. 


2SOO. [A] To rush against. 
To offend; to violate; 
to break the laws ; to 
attack a territory. To 
invade ; to overcome. 
An offender; a criminal. 
Kan fan ^p ^[J to vio- 
late ; to offend. Bg 
Heung fan, A mur- 
derer. Fan tsuy 
to commit a crime. Fan 
fi 1 y^or Fan ling f 
tt to violate the laws. 


Fan yu ming ' |j{|j & or =& 
Fan hwuy, To offend the sacred nama 
of the Emperor, by an irreverent 
use of it. See ]& Hwuy. 

Fan lew tsuy I 5l|f 3jt to commit an 
offence which subjects one to be 
transported three thousand le. 

Fanchantsiiy 1 uijj 56 to commit 
capital crime , one that is punished 
by decollation. 'tip. 1, Woo fan. 
To offend by mistake. Chilh fan 
JMi to affront on purpose. 

Fan jin I yV a criminal ; a prisoner. 

> "% 


S201. To overflow; to in- 

undate Same ai 


Unsettled ; in motion ; shak- 

en ; ag t tod. The name of a river. 

A surname. The name of a country. 
Fan Ian Vf3 vS- w;,ter overflowing and 

widely inundating. 
Fan tse ] 5j * sen d every where, or 

disperse sacrifices widely. 

2202. Grass or herbage 
which is every where spread ; 
a species of wasp. Name 
of a place ; name of a kind of eleva- 
ted terrace. A surname. Name of 
a certain door. Occurs also denot- 
ing to fend off. 

2203. A certain cup for 

2204. ['] Somelhing to li- 
mil and so form a mould ; 
a rule; a law. Made of 
earlh it is called !J Hing; of netal 
^ Yung, and of reed or bamboo 1 





2805. A certain bar in 
the front of a carriage 
for the rider to lean 

. Jt-. 8206. A pattern ; rule ; 
a mould ; a constant invari- 
able rule ; to attend to strict 
discipline in order to be always on 
the watch. Moo fan ^^ a rule; 
pattern ; something that restrains 
excess ; used also in a moral sense. 
Hungfan^it \ the great (or eter- 
nal) rule of fitness applied to the 
name of an ancient book. 

2207. The name of a hill. 

| ^* 2S08. The bark of a certain 
jL^jT tree of which cords or ropes 
I \^f maj be made. 

2809. ['] To float on thesur- 
face ; to flow down a stream. 
Read Fung, To overturn) 
to throw off as a vicious horse doei; 
to set the rider afloat; to spill him. 
Fan chow y 43- to float a vessel. 
Tung kea che ma ] $| ,^ 
a spirited horse which spills his rider 
a vicious boy whom it is difficult to 

to guzzle and drink 

Fan stung ' 

wine, v 
Fan tse'S 1 



'mall delicate ap- 

Plants floating in 

water j the appearance 
which they exhibit. 

2SI 1. A certain kind of cup. 

2218. [-] A precipitate hur- 
ried enunciation. 

2213. [-] From - Pan, 
The claws of an animal, 

and [JJ Teen, A field. 

A beast spreading its paws 

on the ground. A time; 

a turn; a repetition of. 
Name of a hill ; a name of several 
districts. A surname. A low word 
denoting Foreign. Also read Pwan. 

JlK ;jfe Ke fan, feveral times. 

Fan le c he ] ^ ;fet the custard apple. 
1 /* \s- 

Pwan yu heen j ffi Jjt|j the dis- 
trirt in which European ships anchor 
n ar Canton. 

Fan wimg jfllt kungteVn chaou ', 

A. ^ TV ^| foreign kings pay 
tribute to China, the celestial Empire. 

Fan kwei 1 j^ foreign devil; an 
opprobrious epithet applied by the 
people of Canton to Europeans. 

Fan kan jjjwu foreign or European 

Fan pang 1 ffi foreign states. 

2814. Strong; firm. 

2315. Sound ; noiie. 

216. [-] Fan or Pan, A grate, 
sepulchre. ^ j| Fan 

A *"' jji. 5(5 

^ 3f- Tung ka f, a 
keen che Ue chay. Those who were 
ncrificing amongst the tombs on 
the eastern suburbs of the city. 

S21T. Things accumulated 
together; to accumulate or 
hoard up. A house where 
things are stored up. 

2SI8. [-] A Kind of nap- 
kin for dusting any things 
long streamers hung up in 
the temples of Buddha before the 
idols. Used for ^ Fan, To turn 
over, or toss about. 
Fan fun mas to loie dignity or 

gravity of deportment. 
Fanjcn I ^R forthwith ; immediate- 
ly; straightway turned, or changed. 

2219. To screen; to shade; to 
cover. A large utensil for put 
tingaway the refuse or chaff. 

8220. To nourish life. Read 
Chilh, and reiterated, 
ChBh chBh, A lowly 
humble appearance. 

i 2221. [-] The heart changed, 
moved or agitated. 

8828. A solid strong wood, 
which has no flowers. A 
particular wood. 

82SS. The thick water in 
which rice has been washed. 
The name of a city, and 




of a spring of water. Read Pwan, 
Rice bruised The name of a dis- 
trict. A surname. A whirling 
round of water. 

2224. [ - ] A fence or boun- 
dary; a frontier; to fend 
off. Used for &j- Fan, A 

small carriage made of varnished 

rid <tf K' 1 * 
mats. Le fan yuen )$ -^ J^ 

board placed over the dependant 
countries of China. 
Fan le | ^ft a fence; a barrier. 

countries dependant 

Fan shrill ] 
on China. 

Fan tae ] 

the Treasurer of a 

2225. [-] A kind of reed 
basket or duster used to re- 
move and cast away refuse ; a 

utensil used to push away and reject 
something. One says, To shade or 
screen ; to cover and conceal from 

2226. [-] To roast ; to roast 
meat; the flesh used in sa- 
crifice. Roasted victims. 

Fun fan ^ l^O- to roast, to burn. 
Fan chili 1 $ to roast. 

2227. The noise of dogs 

2228. A particular kind of 

2229. [ - ] A certain kind 
of stone. 

2230. [-] Meat dressed in 
. a particular way. Roast- 
ed victims for sacrifice. 

223 1 . A certain large earthen 

2232. Fan yueo |ll ^ a 
certain part of dress ; a nap- 
kin rolled round the head. 

2233. A large utensil for re- 
moving refuse or chaff. 
One says, To shad*; to 


^ 2234. The water in which 
rice has been washed, and 
which is thickened thereby. 

2235. [- ] To extend; to 
widen ; to spread out into 
different languages; to trans- 

] the appearance of the 
wind blowing out a flag or banner. 
Fan yih sang yuen 5g ^t f 

I **-f L }^\ 

a translator of the lowest degree of 

223fi. A sheep with a yellow 

' belly. 

I 2237. [-] To fly ; to fly b ,< k- 

I'V/lyl war( k' p ^ cn f ;m j$$[ 
to fly sailing about. 


Fan chay JfL a kind of trap for 

catching bir '*. 

Fan lung ] ^^1 To revive or bring 
Fan gan j 4c J forward again a 

cas.- in Inw which has been before 

decided on. 

2238. [ - ] Luxuriant vege- 
tation; exuberance; abun- 
dance; plenty. The name 
of a plant ; the name of a bird. 

Fan yen j 

PJ a numerous progeny. 

Fan chin g j ^| luxuriant growth 
of plant*. 

Fan shoo j Jt a numerous popula- 

2539. [ - ] A female rat ; a 
certain insect at the bottom 
of earthen vessels. To send 
to. A certain tree. To twine round 
as the dragon does. 

Fan taou ' ^ a famous peach tree 
in the west, which blossoms once in. 
three thousand years; and thre 1 ; 
thousand years after bears fruit, wa 
eaten by Hq j-J^ -ffl- Se-wang-moo, 
The royal Mother of the West. This 
tree is the emblem of long life. 

,2240. [-] The paws or feet of 
animals which may be eaten. 

2241. A kind of cover for a 
carriage to keep oft' the dust 
and dirt. A large trunk or 

bag for a can iage. 

2242. A large hatchet or 
axe for felling trees; to fell. 
A club. 


2243. [-] To fly ; to whirl a. 
bout as water in an eddy. 

2844. The name of a bird. 

2245. A reptile, called a 
female rat; awhile rat; and 
one says, Insects under 

earthen pots. 

2246. [ - ] A long pendant 
streimer or banner ; a gene- 
ral term for flags, colours, 

standards, and so on. She leth tsing 
fan ~jj& \f BL ! to hoist a kind 
of banner to invite home the manes 
of one who has died abroad; a 
Chinese usage. 


A kind offence ; hem- 
med in by a fence. 

2248. [-] Hemmed in by a 
surrounding fence or ob- 
struction; unable to pro- 
gress; confused, mixed, blended. 
The name of a place. A surname. 

2249. - Fan shth 

alum ; it is called by vari- 
ous names, and is of various 
colours. The name of a medicine. 
PTh fan 1-3 the alum com- 

monly put on paper. Tsing fan 
pjj sulphate of copper, or blue 

Fan che 1 vjj- alumed paper. Jl J 
I Shan fan, The name of a flower, 


R 2 


2250. Fan, or Ke fan ^ 
a certain insect which comes 
forth at 

2251. To see momentarily, 
or for a short time. 

2252. The name of a 
country place. 

' 2253. - From fire and head. 

Heat and Pain in the head ; 

excessively occupied and 
hurried ; troubled j annoyed. Trou- 
blesome ; annoying ; grieved ; sorry. 
Name of a bird ; name of a place. 

Fan laou Iff ? to trouble and annoy, 
'-" s-i 

said in courtesy. 

Rj sorry; grieved. 

Fan mun ] wga full heart grieved, 

and annoyed. 
Fan naou I tjfj troublesome clamour 

and bother. Kan fan ^C- j to 

trouble a person to do something. 
Fanshing I /^discordant sounds; 

a sound which distresses or annoys. 

To fan ne ^ j ^ I give you 

much trouble. 

Fan tsa ] ^JH confused by the 
Fan bran | j|[ / commixture of a 

great many affairs. 
Fan yaou 1 IS: to work up and ex- 

cite trouble and annoyance. 

2254. The name of a plant. 

FAN \:,:i 

Pern or Pwan, That which 
braids or fatleni up the hair ; a 
dignified epithet of ancient capi or 
crownt ; reipreientt tuo handi 
holding it up. 

2256. [-] Fan, Fun, Peen 
or Pwan, To fly. To 
take hold of with the 
hand ; to manoeuvre with 
the hand ; to brush away ; 
to reject. 

Fanmingjfi -j^J- to risk one's life. 
Commonly read Peen-ming, or 

2257. A kind of basket made 
of reeds for putting fruit 
into. Also read Peen. 

2258. Name of an insect. 

2259. Same as ' 
meal of rice. 

Fan, A 

2260. [/ ] Fan or Pwan, Cer. 
tain ornaments of a horse's 
mane. Read Po, A surname. 

2261. [-] Multifarious; 
multitudinous; numerous 
affairs that press and 
worry and weary a per- 
son. Girth for a horse. 

Fan hwa fs |$t mulli- 
3nfA t~~ 

tudinous gaities; show; dress ; fes- 
tivities; pomp. Fan hwa she 
keae, chuen yen ching kung 

the pomps and vanities of the 
world, in the twinkling of an eye are 
annihilated. Piih nae fin 





unable or unwilling to bear 
trouble, or go through a multiplicity 
of affairs. 

226?. The name of a spring 
of water. 

2283. The sail of a boat or 
other vessel. 

2264. A that runs at a 
swift pace ; a boat propelled 
rapidly by the wind. 

2365. [-] A certain plant which 
in spring is fragrant and 
edible, and which in autumn 
is pickled or preserved in a certain 


Manuscript Dictionary, Fang. Canton Dialect, Feng. 

2266. A vessel to contain 
things; a square vessel; a 
chest; a ressel containing 
the measure ,J* Tow. The same as 
the modern character " Kwang. 

showwfih che ke seang hing, ' Fang 
a vessel to receive things, it resem- 
bles the form' of the vessel denoted 
by it. 

2*67. [-] To lay two boats to- 
gether ; to connect ; square, 
in contradistinction to round ; 
unaccommodating, in allusion to 
the corners ; regular ; correct. The 
arth ; a region ; one's proper place ; 
the four points of the compass ; to- 
wards ; a path or way ; a way or 
means of effecting some end ; a 
particle joining the end to the means, 
the effect to the cause ; then, denotes 
possessing, or about to possess. Oc- 
curs implying, To lay down ; grain 
not yet filled ; to issue out by the side ; 

a board . or thin deal ; a written 
document; a medicinal prescription ; 
to compare; great. The name of a 
sacrifice, name of a place ; and of an 
office. A surname. Tung fang 
~SS I on the east ; in the, eastern 
parts of the world. Te fang Wfj 

a region or country. Sze fang |7C| 

four square ; the four points of 

the compass ; every region of the 
world; all around the neighbourhood; 
every where. Woo fang ^fj j 
east west, south, north and centre of 
the world. Twan fang ftjjjj 
correct regular moral conduct. 

Fang ohang | 7j(^ the superior of a 
monastery or his apartments. 

Fang choo fjX a mirror to receive 
light from the .moon. 

.Fang fS J2j means employed to 
effect some end. Ta fang ~fc 
a great square, denotes what is on a 
large scale ; applied to the mind or 
conduct; liberal ; enlarged. 

Fang heang | |fj] directed to ; to- 

Fang kin 1 rfj the ancient Chinese 
cap made of cloth. 

Fang pe'en j /{|l convenient to all ; 
to do what is convenient ; to do 
good in -very .possible wayto all 
creatures, animate or inanimate j to 
the intelligent creation or to brutes ; 
universal beneficence. 

Tang tsae taou ' j|| j|J just now 

Ftntsze j --a medical prescription. 

Fang tsun | "^ a square inch ; de- 
notes the heart. 

Fang tseay \ Q now ' lheiu denot ' 
ing thai, the thing spoken of is about 
to be effected. 

2268. Similar; like to. 

Fare- ffih fit Yffi seeirg indistinctly s 

i/J \7v 
uncertain resemblance. 

FangfuhkejS murg ] 

2pi appearing like a dream. The 
phrase Fang-fSh, occurs written 
various ways. Occurs in the sense 
f ang ' as 

Uuable to 

proceed, irresolute. 

2269. As if hearing. By 
some thought the same 
a H7l Fang, To enquire. 

2270. [- ] An inhabited lane or 
alley; a street; applied to 
parts of palaces, to the tem- 
ples ofFOh, to shops; to taverns; 
to ornamental gateways. The name 
of a place ; a surname . To guard 
against 5 to impede ; to be opposed 
to; an obstacle; an impediment 


Ne wo tung tsae yih fang choo ch5, 
You and I live together in the same 

Heu chs keae fang Jin seaou hwa, 
Don't make the people of the street 
(or neighbourhood) laugh and ri- 
dicule. ^ J ^ J!g ftj J^ 
Pun fang, pun )e teTh jin, People 
of the same street and of the same 
lane. -/^ ^ J Kewtszefang, 
a part of the palace of Han. -fijT 
I ,A Ho {an S Jin? What place 
does he belong to ? ^L j Mow 
fang, A certain alley, or place. 

yu chun fang. The palace of 
Princes of the blood, i, called Chun- 
Tso chun fang. 
Yew chun fang, 
Express certain degrees of rank of 

|5^ Han-lin-yuen ; to 

at tun the rank in expressed bv Flfl 
1 } f/rl 

I Kaefang.' ^ ] Pae fang, An 

ornamented gate-way, generally built 
of stone, to honor the living or com- 
memorate the dead. In European 
books, commonly called triumphal 
arches. Shoo fang ife 1 a book- 
seller's shop. |g j Tiewfang, 
A tavern. 

2271. [- J To impede, to in- 


jure; an impediment; hin- 
drance; objection; injury. 
Fanggae | $j. hindrance, difficulty, 
objection from apprehended danger. 
Ta keS shin fang ~fc fjj> J3* -frfc ( O 
feel one's self exceedingly ^injured 
by calumny. 

Pfih fang ^ J there is nothing to 
apprehend ; no fear. 

AJ^ 2278 ' 1*1 Fnghwng | 

f /-a /fa 

XI Jm <fijz certain insects , an agi- 
tated state. Fang yang 
^p Ring about, or roving in a 
state of incertitude. 

Fang fuh j| 'fjjjj somewhat resembling; 
seen indistinctly ; uncertain ; doubt- 
ful, yet probable; like, applied to 
appearances and also to the mind. 

2273. [-] A dwelling; a house; 
an office to write in. A 
room for any purpose ; a 
room appropriated to a particular 
department in a public court, in 
which sense it answers to the Eng- 
lish word office. fij. JS- Tan fang, 
The office which gives permits to the 

cnopboaU, at the Hoppo's. AH 
I Yin fang, A treasury. Aqui- 
Ter to contain arrow*. A constel- 
lation in the south-eaftj one of 
seven characters applied to the day> 
of the month. Name of a district. 
A surname. A certain vessel used 
in sacrifices. The calix of a flower ; 
the nest of a wasp. Ai J .she 
fang, Case for an arrow. 
Fang 8h j ^ a house. 
Fang t<ze | -X a room of a home, 

a house. 

Fangnuytso J ptj^gto tit down 
in a room. 

9274. To dislike; to dread 
to hate ; to injure. 

2275. ['] To reject or to 
put away; to send off to a 
distance; to drive away , to 
throw off one's hand. To place; to 
put; to lay down; to let go the 
reins of; to give loose to. To in- 
dulge ; to act irregularly ; to dissi- 
pate. To imitate; to accord with; 
to lay two boats together; to go 
or extend to. 

Fang fung ting^ J^ |p? to fly pa- 
per kites. 

Fang hea ~F\ to put down ; to 
lay on. 

Fang hoo sze hae -^ fFrt -)jj2 
to extend to the four extremities of 
the world. 

Fang kwang chung J -j rfe Scolo 
pendra Electrica. 

Fang sang ] ^ to let go with life, 
a phrase used by the Buddhists, de- 



noting The sparing of the life of ani- 

Fang sSng che 1 ^ yj}j a pond on 
purpose to preserve the lives of 

Fang show 3L to let go one's 


Fang sze \ 5jjL to give loose to 
one's temper or passions; to act im- 
properly or dissolutely. 

Fang ihwfiy ting 1 fa j^-i certain 

Fang shwfiy Idh 1 71^ JwgJ rites 
performed in the seventh moon, 
by the Chinese, to save souls from 

Fang tang 1 ^ loose, ill-regulated 
conduct; wild ; extravagant. 

Fang yen kow )& |U refers to 
certain rites performed in behalf of 
departed spirits. 

2276. [ ^] To imitate ; to 
copy, ^y j Seang fang, 
and *J| Fang heaou, 

express Like ; in imitation of; ac- 
cording to. The two last characters 
occur written without Man by the 

2277. [/] Clear; bright; 
luminous; to appear plainly. 
To occur. 

2278. [ - ] A certain wood 
fit for making carts or car- 
riage*. To lay fish on 

wood, or the planks on which they 
are laid. Read Fang, The master or 
ikipper of a boat Read Ping, in 
the sense of WJ Ping. 


2279. A certain cow em- 
ployed as a beast of burden 
amongst shifting sands ; it 
is said to be able to walk two hun- 
dred le daily. 

2280. A certain bamboo 

2281. A kind of bricklayer 
or builder in ancient 
times. A roan's name. 

2282. Seen indistinctly. 
Fang fah j (ffij appear- 
ing as if; like ; but un- 
able to see so clearly as to be certain. 
The same expression is written 
icveral other ways. 

2283. Sacrifices offered in 
the principal ball, and in- 
side the gate, and on the 

succeeding day, to the manes of 
deceased parents. The name of a. 

2284. A certain species of 

2285. ['] Hempen threads; 
the threads of a net Lines; 
cords. To form threads; 

to draw out ; to twist ; to twine. 

Fang sha 1 yjk to draw out cotton 
into threads. 

j f j. 

Fang seen I ffA to twine silken 
I /im 

threads ; to spin. 
Fang meen 1 *5j to spin cotton. 



Fang toelh | H 
out into threads. 

to spin or draw 

2286. [i'] One accustom- 
ed to the water ; a water- 
man; the master of a boat. 
Otherwise called Chow-tsze -fa* ^* 
and ^ jjjjj Chuen-sze. To lay 

boats a long side each other. 


J } 22S7. [-] Fragrant plants j 
"" I-*"" forlns ll >e names of sever- 
Sv a ' '"dividual plants. Fra- 

gnmt , odoriferous; agreeable ; pleas- 
ing ; excellent; virtuous A sur- 
name. Name of a place. 
Fang tsTh ^ -j^ fragrant , imbued 

with agreeable odour. 
Fang tsung j JJ^ fragrant traces; 
the pleasing paths in which the an- 
cients trod, and the traces they have 

Fun fang ^ | fragrant effluvia ; 
odoriferous smell. 


' Name of a 
stream or river. 

2289. Certain insects which 
group together and disco- 
ver superior instinct; also 

called Tsze fang jjjj j they are 

destructive to grain. 

J-J_ 2290. Por/] To enquire; 
__ r\ to enquire extensively of 
\Jf^J others ; to deliberate ; to 
consult; to ask advice of; to ex- 
tend or reach la; to see. Occurs 
in the sense of Jj Fang, The name 
of an office. A surname 


Fang cha 1 ~^jf- to search j to try to 
find out a person or an affair. 

Fang Jin ' A to enquire about and 
try to find a person. 

Fang sze | S to try to find out 
an affair 

Fang tsin j JjJ to enquire after the 
welfare of a relation. 

Fang win 1 ^Jj to ask or make en- 
quiries about a person, affair, or 

Fang yew ~fc to enquire for a 

884S. [ - ] Fat, applied to 
animals; unctuous matter. 

2S44. To go rapidly or 

8245. The name of a place. 

2246. [-] A bank, dike, or 
boum'ary; something that 
fendi off i to guard or keep 


off; to be prepared for defence ; to 
forbid or prohibit. A kind of 
screen to keep off the wind ; the 
name of a city and of a district. A 



1*1 to guard against 
' to guard against and 

T to be 
I for, am 

Fang fan j^j jpg to be guarded against ; 

to guard and keep a watch against. 
Fang-fung j H^ the name of a 


Fang ke 

Fang pe ] 


Fang pe 
Yu fang fj; 

and on one's 
guard; to make previous arrange- 
ments for defence. 

Fang taou [ ^^ to guard against 
thieves or robbers. 

Fang yu j ^a certain officer in 
the army, not of great rank. 

8247. To impede ; an impe- 
diment; a defence; some- 
thing constructed to fend off. 

2248. A certain yewel made 
of metal. 

2249. A central door in a 
p;ilacej the door of a tern- 

2250. Fat; unctuoui. 

S25I. ['] Fang fob J| ^ 
like; resembling; icem- 
ing as if. 

2252. Name of a star. 

225.1. [ - ] A certain fish 
with a reddish kind of tail. 
A surname. 

a carp-like fish. 

\f~ 8854. Name of a 
)/] bird; a ranh. 


3255. Aa earth rat. 



f * 





Manuscript Dictionary, Fi and Fy. Canton Dialect, Fe anil Fei. 

2?56. [] Fe or Pei, To 
cover, to overshadow. Read 
I'iih, ancient garments, which, 
like an apron, screened only the fore 
part of the body. The perpendicular 
line passes through at one stroke, 
which distinguishes it from TIT She, 
A market. 

3257. FeorPeaud PiSh, 
An ewe sheep; to push 
violently. A man'* name. 

2258. [/] A coverlet; to 
overshaddow, by luxuriant 

^8259. Fe, or Pa, The ap- 
pearance of going rapidly ; 
running in a hurried preci- 
pitate manner. 

2960. [/] The lungs, called 
the metal viscera. To 
scrape or cut off theexcres- 
censes of a tree. 

1 i i fei Hili | the appearance of luxu- 
riant growth. 

Fei chang | jjE the lungs and bowels; 
the mind, the intention. 

Fei k an 1 JIT- the lungs and liver ; 

the inward park. 
Fei sluh [ fa a certain reddish stone. 

Fei tsang plh I ifep ^lj| theiungs con- 
tain the fih, or sentient soul. 

22G1. [ -] Opposed to what is 

-I 1^ right; not ashamed ofdo- 

J ing wrong ; shameless ; that 

which is shameful; low; vicious; 

secret ; to charge with doing wrong ; 

to reprehend. Niime of a hill. A 

surname. A negative; not; not 

good ; not real ; not existing. 

Fci.tseThyenfei^ j[|]-|q j tf a 
thing be not so, then say it is not 
so ; if wrong, say it is wrong. 

Fei fun chc tsze j J^^_ ' jl affairs 
which are no part of one's duly. 

Fe ke yay =4- ^ not a good 
plan; not a scheme likely to succeed. 

Fei fun. die slnh I ^ ^ 1^5 
irregular pleasure. 

Fei le I jjj^! indecent ; immodest ; 
whatever is indecorous or indecent. 

Fei le j jffl unreasonable. 

Fc ke kw^i urh tsc che, clien yay 

sacrifice to a spirit whieh does not 
exist, is a superstitious adulation. 

She, fei -|i i right, wro:ig; tittl*- 
taltle; slander. 

Fei wo tsze 1 TT; ^f- not my son 

2262. [ - or / ] A square 
bamboo basket or boi. 
Not; not right; those who 
do what is illegal ; vagabonds ; ban- 
ditti. It is a word much used by 
the Government, and apylied to 
all associations which it deems of a 
seditious tendency, and wishes to 
discredit. Variegated colours ; ele- 
"ant appearance of horses drawing a 
carriage: Read Fun, To distribute. 

yuS fe, A square bamboo containing 

vessel, is called Fe. /j| ^tji fy 

j Luy neeii Iselh to, Many years 

accumulating illegal acts; i. e. an 

,,ld ,,ffc.HU-r. ^ ti| J i #f 1 Pwi111 
keili keen fe, Examine strictly 
;>grant banditti; or, disorderly 
vagabonds. ^ 1 llwuy fe, As- 

11 I* 

sociated banditti. -lf Keaou 

s]S^ \ 

fe. Religious banditti, the adherents 
of some peculiar sect or brother- 
hood, pfe Mea:m fe, Tile 

1* I 


Meuoi* banditti, or mountaineers, 
commonly called |j!j ^- Mciu.ii- 
tsze ; who, for many ages have lived 
as a people distinct from the Chinese. 

Fe fau I 3JIJ a criminal connected 
with some-bandit i. 

I'e how hwan Row J jfe $jf $j| 
not seek an illicit intercourse pre- 
v ious to marriage. 

!V l,,y | f { r | '$. ^ too, 
Vagabonds ; banditti. 

I'c slh I p> yam-gated colors. 

Fe e so sze 1 r/^r 
every-day thought. 

Fun pwan 1 ^B to distribute to, or 
confer on, many. 

2263. v Name of a wood, the 
seeds of which are edible. 
It is an elegant wood and 
vas formerly called ^^ 
TJ^Wan infill, The beau- 
tiful grained wood. Fei- 

tsze 23i X the fruit of the Fei trefr. 

sl\. J 

said to be like the 1'istachia nut. 

2264. [ \] Appearing to 
wisJi to speak out and to he 
unable to do so ; Prth ft-i 
piili (a. ^f\ 'L' : ~^f\ %& 
he who did not try to 
speak was not assisted; 

a student should rn.leavour tog'm 1 
the sense of a passage to the best of 
his ability, after which his preceptor 
will j;d him. 

2265. Shaded, retired, hid- 
den, concealed. 


IVi ' IVi, A kind 
ield . a certain bur of 
wood at thr strrn part i,f a 



'2267. An car of grain. 

2268. A bamboo InsU-t , 
a round basket, j'r. riwarg. 

i a square basket. 

2269. [ - ] Silk of. a red- 
dish colour: 

2270. Tocut off the feet or 
i|l ' C S S ' * cut off, the knee 


2271. [/ ] Fei or PC, An ob- 
scure retired shady place, 
where spirits are supposed 

to reside. 

2272. DusU 

227:J. Large; great. A sur- 

2274- Name of a horse. 

2275. Fe fe, The appearance 
of going backwards and 
forwards; sauntering; rov- 
ing. Keajig fe Y Ati a certain 
divine female said to rove about 
the banks of the Yang-tse-keajig. 

227(i. Light, as opposed to 
heavy and to grate. 

S877. j - ; Straw undaU 

'J- J >. Folds of a door madi 
of. wood; mai'r of recdi 
tliry arc called Li >hrn 

2279. [ - ] Foo lc *&; -jJJ, 
a certain bird. 

2280. To place the hand 
will' the p.ilrn downward; 
to cover with the hard. 

--| V 22sl. [\.] Mrraksor vrin>; 

"^**1 , varied colours ; line delicate 

J^^ veins, applied in high com- 
mendation to fine nritin^ A sur- 
name. I'sid for W If. 
Fe mei | ^^ elegant ; pleasing of 
very general application to writing-, 
persons and things. 

2282, To separate ; to put 
asunder: separated. 

228S. Delicate fine hair , 
dishevelled hair. 

22S4. Hair in a disor.l.-re.l 
state; tine delicate hair. 

>V I)u^t; dilslt 

N. m- of a cow. 

ItiU FE 

,2^ 8SST. A surname Large. 

SS88. A dog with a short 

2289. Large eyes. 

2290. [ - ] The calf of the 
leg; to wound the leg as a 
punishment. Disease ; chan- 
ges ; alteration. To shun, to avoid. 

2291. [ ' ] A small bird with 
t^-TJ reddish feathers ; the male is 
of a reddish colour and called 
Fe ; the female is green, and called 
^ Tsuy. 

Fe tsuy yuh J||j ^E ^r chrysopras. 

2292. [- ] The name of a 
vegetable which grows in 
marshy places. Spare diet, as 
in fasting, Straw sandals. Used for 

Fe e ^ a slight attention to 

forms applied to a present that one 

Fe fe ^Jp fragrant odoriferous; 
mixed ; blended. 

Fe ne'Th j 5gC grieved ; sorry. 

Fe p j ^ thin, sparing, of little 

2293. Sorry; grieved; 


S204. [-] A stinking 
disagreeable insect, des- 
tructive of grain and of 
clothes and furniture, 
produced by the effluvia; 
of southern regions. The 
name of an animal. 
Occurs denoting To fly. 

2295. [-] Appearance of 
long garments ; garments 
or robes trailing at length. 

"f296. [ > ] To speak against; 
to backbite ; to slander. 

Fei pang f 

Br reversed Pang-fei, 
Slanderous; backbiting. 
Kaou lun yuen fei ^j =^ $L ] 
loud discussion and resentful slan- 
derous speeches. 

2297. Smoke passing out 
at a door. 

-^^^ ~| 2298. [-] Rain and 
tnow; sleet flying; the 
! appearance of snow fly ing. 
Yu seuh fe fe j^| g^ 
1 thick appearance 
occasioned by sleet and 


2299. [ - ] A cloudy ap- 

2300. [ - ] Fe fe, Fragrant, 


2301. [-] Fema ] ^ 
the two outer horses in a 
carriage and four. 

Fe fe IHE 1 horses going along in 
fine style without interruption or 
trouble. The name of a man. 

2302. Meal dried i 

s^^- into a kind of cake ; wheat- 
en cakes eaten in visiting 
each other. 

The spawn of fish. 
The name of a 

2304. [ - ] Abundance of flesh 
on an animal's body ; fleshy. 
Fat ; unctuous ; fat animals 
fit for sacrifice; rich good land; 
abundant-, affluent. Name of a dis- 
trict; name of a standard or colour. 
Name of a country, of a bird, of a 
serpent, and of a river. A surname. 
To fatten; to run together and 
form one source. 

Fei mei HP J fat, plump, handsome; 
good meat. 

Fei teen 1 |}J fat land. 

Fei chwang i if fat and strong. 

Fei pang ] *! fat, large, corpulent. 

Fei tseth j ^ fat, lean ; rich land, 
poor land. 

Fei Uh pBh haou kan ] 2|j: ~J^ jj 
jjjr fattened in a disagreeable ill- 
looking manner. 

8305. To injure; to ruin. 
To turn away from, and 
oppose what is good. 




2306. The name of a bird. 

2307. [ - ] Name of a river 
that rises in mountains op- 
posite the Po-yang lake. 
To issue from the same source, and 
diverge into different streams. Q- 
}j]P 118 fe, The name of a Heen dis- 


2308. [ - ] A kind of le- 
prosy; a fattening which 
is not healthy ; a small 
swelling ; a hot sore or 

2309. Name of a bamboo. 
Also read Pa, A bamboo 
utensil for scraping things 

2310. A certain stinking dis- 
agreeable insect. A kind 
of snake or serpent. 

2311. A certain plant. To 
shun; to avoid. 

2312. Fiih. Distorted; to oppose. 

2313. [/] Strong, brave, 
martial appearance. 

2314. F f ] To bl or DUD - 
ble up; to bubble as boil- 
ing water, or as a spring 


gushing forth. The name of a river. 

Name of a well ; and of a deep pit 

of water. 
Fe ting VHJ^ jj|| the bursting forth of 

waters and overthrowing mountain). 
Fc wei vR a disturbed, reitlcM 


2315. Feshae ig to 

I *V I U 

dry any thing, as in the 

2316. Fe-fe|ijj} ] a certain 
animal said to resemble a 
man ;nlso s lidto bcniTt'iious 

and to devour men. 

2317. To oppose or stop the 
course of water with stones. 
Read Fun, The name of a 


S3 18. A path rendered im- 
passible by vegetation. An 
ornament for the head- 
dress ; a door in the hinder part of a 
carriage. Used for ||', F8h, Some- 
thing with which to drag a hearse. 
Bead Fei, A star. Read P5, Efflu- 
Via. Read Petti, A man's name. 
Fe fe 1 1 luxuriant vegetation ; 
exuberant strength. To remove 
plants or dress them. 

2319. A certain part of dress 
which coTers the knee. 

2320. Precipitate, hurried 
enunciation ; much talk ; 

S3* I. [ f ] To make pro- 
pirly iiiue forth likr a 
[>ring. To iprrad < 
tcr wealth; liberal; exlcnsiTC inr 
of; expense; expenditure) uc i>f 
property, mind, or strength 
do kii.dness to. Waste of. '!'< 
liurt j to injure. A surname. Read 
IVi, The name of a city. Mir 
f ' i -j^f ^) or Fci yong 1 II] to 
spend or use money for what i r.c- 
cessnry. Pwan fei ^ th* 
whole expences; necessary expen- 
diture for the year or a Journey. 

Fei haou j & or reverse-', Haou-fei, 
Expensive ; excessive profligate wart 
of property. 

Fei leih I HJ to use effort This. 
and the two following terms, are 
often" the language of courtesy apo 
logizing for the c.xpence, attention, 
or trouble to which one puts a friend. 

Fei sin ] fo to employ or occupy 
the mind. 

Fei tsae ] m" to put another persoa 
to expence. 

S332. To strike or knock 

2323. Wood ; a wooden prc;> 

8384. To bubble forth as a 
spring of water. Read Pei, 
The name of a man. Read 
I';ie, The noise of water. 
Fei wci -]!?' y'p? water overflowing 
running over. 





2325. Fe or Pe, To spend 
the rice. To break wind 
backwards. The name of 

an animal. 

2326. Fe or FHb. The ap- 
pearance of walking. To 
jump; to leap. 

8327. Fe or FBh, To walk 
precipitately; to leap; to 

2328, Fe or Fuh, The hair 
in disorder. An ornament 
for a female head dress. 

>K I Fang full, Like, resembling ; 
not seen so distinctly as to be certain. 

2329. The appearance of 
clouds. Gae fe ||p Sf[ 
a vast collection of clouds. 

2330. [ - ] To fly ; to go 
> with great speed. The 
name of an office. Fei is 
used by the officers of government 
to express the celerity with which 
they do things. LQh fe ^ ^ 
the name of a horse. Fun pelh tseih 
fej ^ |ji jlfe J to write with, 
great rabidity, 
lei leen 1 BS the name of a bird 

cilled divine 

Fci paou I jjTOfled and run, cun 
with great haste or speed. 

a species of bat 

Fesing ] 
Feshoo ] 
Feiying j 1$? to fly hawks; to hawk. 

23S1'. An animal said to be 
like a cow; having one 
eye and a white head. 

2 332. The appearance of 

ram an d snow ' clouds and 
sleet flying, 

2333. [-] The name of a 

2334. f A house falling down 
in ruins; to fall 1 ; to stop; 
to desist ; to fail ; to be- 
come obsolete and annulled. To an- 
nul ; to put a stop to ; to lay aside. 
Large, great. 
Fei wfih j tyjn or Fei leaou wfih keen 

KVJ? j mJ\ vk. a useless thing, 

used .as a term of abuse. 
Fei tseih j <j& disabled by disease} 

maimed ; having lost an eye, arm, 

and so on. 
Show tsdh fei leaou 3L Jp "~j* 

hands and feet are become lame 

or useless. 
Fei chay keu che ;& J&L "J' 

that which is fallen down raise it up. 

2335. Fei or Fa, A large ves- 
sel for navigating the sea. 
Name of a tree; the head 
of a pillar in a bouse. 

2336. ['] A chronic and in- 
curable disease. 

2337. A species of reed. 

9338. A large ship for goiug 
to sea. 

2339. A horse going,; a 
horse fretted and angry. A 
horse shaking its head. 

2340. [-] Boyal or Im- 
perial concubines. The jg: 
Tse, Wife or Queen is called 
IS" How ; those next in rank, the 
5^: Tse'S, or Concubines, are called 
Eei. The terra is also applied to the 
wife of the Heir apparent 
Teen fei ^r jjfl the goddess of water ; 
water being the fife Yin, or female 
energy in nature. The spirit of water 
is, it is said, rightly made a goddess. 
Seang fei -i^tl 1 a bamboo, the veins- 
of which are like the furrows of tears. 

2341.' [] Fei, The voice of 
a dog; to bark. P/j ^pj 
Fei kow, The name of a 





Manuscript Dictionary, Fa. Canton Dialect, Foo t and Hoo. 

K 2342. Puh, To divine f to 

conjecture ; to guess ; to confer upon. 


h2343. Foo or Fow. From 
_/^ Jin, The other, part gives 
sound. Lying down; pros- 
trate ; bowing with the head tor the 
ground. }$lfjvfi| ;-jg Hing, 
foo, chih, keang. Rising, falling, 
erect, prostrate. j ^ Foo taou, 
or Jpj ] Teen foo, To fall down. 


2344. To announce the 
, death of any , person to . 
acquaiutances, or friendi. 
To repair or go to, with haste. 
Foo yi n gl\ ^*jj - 

Foo wi | [m > to announce. 
Foo paou 1 5W J 

Foo, foo, paou > jfp 5 are consi- 
dered synonimous 

2345. [ x ] To go to i repair 
speedily to; generally used 
by inferiors when expressing 
their going to superiors ; a technical 
word at the close of official papers 
sent to superiors; the document is 
aid to Foo, or hasten to the person 
to whom it is sent. 

Foo sJng jjrf> & to go up to the 
provincial capital. 

Foa shwfiy sze ^j< / tllrcw 

himself into the water and was 
drowned. ' 

Been mow she foo taouKJ^ ^ |J~p ] 
35|1 to limit a time for another 
person's coining to a place. 

2346. [ ' ] To pass to 1 with 
' celerity; the appearance of 
passing over to a place 
quickly; In the presence of supe- 
riors the Chinese think it becoming 
to. pass with a quick sidestep to one's 
place. The same as the preceding. 

^ ^ 2347. .['/]' A father; join^ 

Xed with various other words, 
which, modify its meaning, 
is applied to ancestors, uncles, and 
so on, A title of respect to aged 
people. A common epithet of pea- 
santry. Woo foo J^ ^the name 
of a place. Ke-foo jjjjj 1 | one 
who superintends horses. Tsbo- 
foo jjjE 1 a S rand father. PTfr 
foo -jj~| ] a father's elder brother. 
Shflh foo 4# 1 a father's young- 
er .brother. Kew foo jpp j a 
mother's brothers. 

Foo moo | -flj father and mother. 

Foo tsin B one's immediate fa- 
ther, in contradistinction from other 
uses of the word.. 

FoO'fnoo k\v;m . 4\\- P local ma- 
I ty a 

gist rales are so called. 
Foo tsze puh seang kew I -^- ^\ 

iH & tlle fatner aud son did not 
relieve each other (in the time of the 

2348. Foo tseu ^ PJj, to 
cut herbs with the teeth. 
To bite; to taste; to ru- 
minate; to deliberate. 

2349. The name of a hill. 

8350. A sharp iron instru- 
ment with a handle'. An 
axe, or hatchet ; to cut or 
fcH trees with a hatchet. E foo kan 
wfih yfh yu5 f< 
/fr" pi 1 to cut or 1 
with an axe, is also called Foo. 
Yung foo fa muh ^j '|j TfC ' 
employ a hatchet, to cut down trees. 
Also name of one of the Yjlj Seen, 
Foo kin ' Jp or Foo tow J jj[j| 

an axe or hatchet. 
Foe ;5 l!j|J to pare off with 




hatchet, to correct a written essay ; 
used by persons when requesting 
others to correct their composition. 

. 2351. Name of an insect. 

2352. Name of a bird. 

S3 53. A certain insect. 

2354. [ r ] A certain rase 
or metal vessel without feet ; 
with feet they are called 
^FKe. A certain measure of con- 
tents. Name of a hill. Foo tsang 
^ $5 a vessel for dressing food. 

2355. A stallion. 

2356. Foo wan j 
liltf of a bird. 

2357. [.] A general desig- 
nation of men; porters or 
chair bearers are called Foo. 
A man of eminent virlueandtaleut,on 
whom others may depend for support 
is called ^ -^- When 
men and nomcn are married, they 

are called ] JKa Foo loo, Hu.,!>aml 

and wife. Eminent teachers arc 
cr.lled [ ^p Too tsze; A wife 
calls her husband l:y this term. 
Name of an, of a hill, and of a 
city. A m;u.'j name. The En per- 

or's concubine*. Joo foo jin "M] 
^ as a wife j a concubine. Yu 

foo |^j | a person not arrived at 

P5 foo ^5*| I servants who execute 

the Imperial will. 
Foo foo 1 I a term of respect. 

Foo jin ' J\^ title of ladies of the 
first and second degrees of rank ; in 
the language of courtesy any gentle- 
roan's wife. 

Foo tsze 1 .2. a title O f honor con- 
fered on men eminent for learning 
and virtue, and on Pages, as Kung 
Foo-tsze, The Sage Rung, i. . Con- 

Teaou foo JjjjC 1 bearers of bur- 

\jfff * f 
Tan foo lfir~ 1 J dens; porters. 

Keaou foo jj} 1 chair bearers j one 
who carries a sedan chair. 

Too foo yltF a ferryman ; one who 
keeps a boat 

Foo is applied to various offices in the 
army, and also to civil officers, as 
Pih-foo 75" I the commander of 
a hundred men. Tsze ching ta foo 

i& J0v /C I '"' e ^ an ffi cer 

of the fifth degree of rank. 

2358. T - ] To covet. One 
s.iys, The appearance of a 
woman. Head Yew, To 
look with indignation or resent- 

2359. [ -] To assist ; to hold 
up; to support ; to protect. 

Foo e j-fc jsf: or E e tsze 
j/\ ~jx, 

to support one's self by 
righteous conduct. The 
name of a district. A sur- 

name. Young and feeble, wanting 

Foo tsae 1 j/5 to bear up a person 
in the mid t of < alamities. 

Foo he'S j JW to sustain or holdup. 
Foo show ^E- a pole to hold by 

when going into a boat. 
Foo pm I i|j/ a cross piece of wood 

on which the Chinese lean when sit. 

ting in a sedan chair. 
Foo choo urh hing 1 p f|[J {~J~ 

to be held up or supported when 



2S60. The fore part of a gar- 
ment ; that which hangs 
down before in Asiatic gar- 
ments and covers the inferior gar- 

2361. Foo ho I ^T whilst 
the leaves are yet supported, 
before the fall of the leaf 

2362. The sun, on which de- 
pends the day. 

2383. Name of a wood. Foe 

M 1 -!-- 

soo ffi jfiy spread wide 
like the branches of some 
trees i a wide spreading blossom or 

2364. A certain stone 
deemed valuable. 




2365. [J- ] Name of a cer- 
tain sacrifice. 

2366. A black species of 


23C7. [-] Foo yung 1 ^ 
the name of a flower. The 
Hibiscus mutabilis. 

% 1_ 2368. [ - ] Foo shcn ] 
*r'f\ Sa'- a certain water insect ; 

* otherwise called ~m' 
Tsing foo ; this terra is also applied 
to the Chinese copper coin, by Eu- 
ropeans, calkd Cash. Dollars are in 
in some places called ffi ] Hwa- 

2369. [-] The front part 
of a garment, that which 
hangs down before and 
I>A 1 covers the inferior gar- 

rl'Jl" nunls. Breeches which 
P^^ ^kJ are put on over drawers. 
Foo jaou 4$ a covering for a 
word, outside the scabbard. 

2370. [ -] A kind of axe or 

f- I . / I* 

hatchet. Foo yue ju^ '^ 
a hatchet ; an executioner's 


2371. Lame in the feet. 
Foo foo jen jj^ j fife 
to make obeisance to a hns- 
band by looking down to the feet. 

Kca foo [ihn 1 to ;t formally with 


the feel bent undi r one. To sit 
cross-legged in a kind of stale. 


237.'. [-] Name of a place. 

2373. [-] The wind blow- 
ing in a downward di- 

. reclion is called 

Foo yaou. Foo fung 
ttjif a gale of wind. 

2374. Name of a fish. 

2375. [ - ] A small kind 
of wheat which has had 
the husk taken off. The 
name of a fruit. 

2376. [ /] From Man, and a 
hand holding out some- 
thing. To give ; to deli- 
ver over to. Foo ke 
Xn* -j- to send. Foo 

1 jj- f^- 

shoo sin -g- 1g to 

send a letter. Foo keaou ^ or 

reversed, Keaou foo, To deliver over 

Foo choo lung lew ^Jt ai % /jk 

to throw into the eastern stream* ; to 

cast from one, and neglect an affiir. 

pljM J Chilh foo, To suggest lo; 

to recommend to. ft ^ Fun foo, 

To direct ; to order 
Foo pe ] -S3- to give to. 
Foo 15 I it"; to request er engage 

a person to do something. 
Foo clie lew shwuy e 

lct il r ' out 
give it up a> impractiiablc. 

2377. A kind of raft con- 

sisting (if vpir joined togc- 
thiT in order tocrouarivcr. 
[ | ^ l'ih-foo, A certain stone; 
otherwise called ^J fa i)V I'ih- 
hih-ying. Shw5-w$n definci it, 
Advantage; benefit. vn with Iffj- 

^ _ 
S * -\ 

2S78. [ ] A bouse where 
books and paper arc stored 
up. A store-house for 
goods i to collect together ; a place 
to meet in. Officers who preside 
over the national treasures. During 
the Tang dynasty, a large ;}ijl| Chow 
district was called Foo, and has con- 
tinued so to the present time. The 
name of a district ; a surname. A 
district or city of the first order; ap- 
plied also to the magistrate of the 
district. Used by courtesy for ano- 
ther person's bouse. Luh foo ^^ 
1 the six Foo, arc water, fire, wood, 
metal, earth, and grain. Kew foo 
4t | nine officers who were 
placed over government properly 
and stores. 

Foo koo ffi jff a treasury of the go- 

Foo shang 1 ^ your house. 

Foo tsun 1 j|4 the worshipful, the 
Foo magistrate. 

Foo heS keaou show j ^ ^ ^ 
a teacher in the district schools, au- 
thorised and supported *y govern- 



8379. [ '] To stoop the head 
and bend forward ; to con- 

jfp Chwuy show she hea yue foo 
keu show wang shartg yuS yang, 
To droop the head and look down is 
called Foo; to raise the head and 
look upwards is called Yang. 

Foo chun shelling | J^ Jfyj -p con- 
descend to grant that it may be done. 
A phrase that commonly follows a 
written request to a superior magis- 
trate. Prayers written and offered 
by fire to invisible beings, close with 
Foo chwuy tung keen 1 ^i ^fjj] Jgj 
bend down and fully observe my 

Foo fdh tae ming ] ffi fa fo 
.to fall prostrate and wait for orders. 

Foo show mth seang 1 i !f]/> /j-B 
to hang down the head and think in 

2380. To apply the hand to 
any thing. To touch. 
To soothe, in which sense 
Foo is now used. 

. [ v ] The viscera; heart, 
lungs, liver, gall and 
stomadi Tsanj; foo [j||| 
I the yiscera, the bowels. Fei foo 

I the lungs. 

2382. [ ' ] Corrupted ; rot- 
ten; broken to pieces as a 
rotten thing. The punish- 
ment of the palace, or depriving 
.f the genitals. Head Poo, The i.ame 
of an insect. 


Foo raiih I yl^ rotten wood. 

Foojoo j Y^B a person who is cor- 
rupt by a smattering of learning; 
a vicious pedant, fit for no useful 

Foo Ian 

I rotten and fallen to 

I ' Wi 


Foo joo I ^1 rotten milk, * pre- 
paration like curds made from a kind 

of pulse, much used by the Chinese. 

2383. The original form of 
Foo-lan ijng broken to 
bits, as a thing boiled exces- 


23S4. [ '] The top of. the 
foot; called the back of the 
foot. A man's name. 
Foo choo I 5J a kind of greaves or 
armour for the legs, attached to the 
.top of the foot and connected with 



2385. [ v ] The middle part 
(if a foow grasped by a man's 

2386. The heart placed upon, 
or attached to. 

2387. To think about; lobe 
pleased with. Pleased. 

23SS. [^ ~\ To apply the 
li mil to ; to lay the hand 
upon; to strike; to beat. 
To beat clothes; the name of an in- 
tTumimt of music ; the handle of 
jiny thing. 
Too sin sze wan ;Ji.j' /|_^ j_j r -T to 


lay one's hand on one's heart and ask 

one's self any thing solemnly. 

Foo ying clung tan 1 D& JH- mi. 

to heat one's breast and utter long sighs. 

Foo show j 3^- to place the hand 

on ; that on whish the hand is placed 

2389. The foot of a railing ; 
the stalk of flowers or 
fruits ; a raft to cross a 
river; a collage made of 
wood and thatch The 
name of an instrument 
of music. The name of a wood. 
To apply a lixivium to. 
Foo fa I fM, a raft. 

Yu foo -MA J name of an eminent 
.medical practitioner. 

2390. Spokes of wood fast- 
ened together to form a 
raft. Tltis character is writ- 
ten in a great variety of ways. 


2391. The name of an ani- 
mal s.iid to resemble a sheep. 

2392. A certain white tone. 

""" P 1 2393. Name of a certain 
*| / 1vT sacrifice; to bury in the 
'-J J -J same place, persons nearly 
related to each other. 

239-i. Bent dow.i by disease; 
short and crooked; disease 
which causes a spelling or 

939S. A wo.tnn's name 





>- > 2396. [ - ] Certain slipi 
of wood, in ancient times 

employed as checks between 
two parties; they were made to fit each 
other, and each party took one, hy 
which they could trust each other. 
Tallies used by the government. 
To correspond to ; to be credible. 
Name of the bark of a tree ; a book -, a. 
surname. Certain superstitions spells 
or charms of the Chinese, both of 
the sect Fuh and Taou. They are 
called ^- H Foo 18, and | W 
Fo<> chow, by these, evil spirits and 
noxious influences are expelled. 
Some are burnt and others are pasted 
up. Some are written with rtd ink. 
The Foo answer to those amulets or 
charms, which consisted in certain 
words, or sentences written in a par- 
ticular order, and which the Arabians 
called Talisman. The word Alira- 
tatlubra was supposed an antidote 
against Ague. As Prevent/lives, 
the Chinese wear some about their 
persons, and paste up some upon 
the posts of their doors; those in- 
tended as cures are written on paper, 
burnt, and put in a cup of tea, which 
the patient drinks ; a usual charm is 

written thu s Yfp} Luyling, Thunder 


Too ho | ^ to agree together ; to 
correspond. Pdh seang foo ^ MJ 
1 to disagree, as two statements or 

Foo twan JTK springs in nature ; 

jenial dews ; springs of water. 

2397. A raft on which to 
cross a ktream or river. 

2398. Cotton cloth ; coarse 
silk. A man's name. A 
stringer cord. 

2400. A small boat ; a boat 

839 9. A kind of snake that 
has scales on the belly or 
lower part of it. 

%,- 2401. [-] A certain extra- 
Jf . ordinary plant, of a redish 
>J colour ; round leaf and a 
hairy down, like car rings ; grows on 
the east of the Yang-tsze-kcsng, 
olherwise called ffl JE| JEjS Kwei- 
miih-ls iou, The deril's eye. A sur- 
Fookei I BB the capsule of a plant. 

2402. [ '] Full dress ; gay, 
rich dress. 

2403. Speech which is well 
founded ; a man's name. 

2404. r''>ynfjfj Ijjfllo 
on clothe* ; to attach 
to the body. 

405. [> '] To be reir to; 
to lean against; to be at- 
tached to ; to annex or at- 
tach to ; to annex one'i self to, or 
to join a person or party. A tribr 
or state putting itself under the do. 
minion of another country. 
Foo kin te fang j j Mli ^f 

a place that is ne ir. 
Foo ke | -^ to send with. 

Foo sing I p a young Scw-ts^e, or 
graduate of the lowest rank. 

Foo hwuy ke shw5 j <f> ft jj 
to fall in with whatever another per- 
son says ; to echo whatever another 
person says. 

Foo tsze \ -J- a certain stimulating 

Foo urh 1 Jt. the name of a star. 

Foo ylh I ^j to bestow benefit- 

2406. A certain medicinal 

2407. ['] A certain fish 
respecting which there 
are various accounts, 
some are found in thr 
lakes of Hoo-kwang; and 
others in the ruts of 


2408. [/] A hore intended 
to asist the principal one. 
Forms part of the name of 
a certain office in tlie tirna of Han. 

168 FOO 

8409. Phang foo j 

a certain bird said to 
have three heads, six 
eyes, six feet, and three 
wings; when eaten, it en- 
tirely prevents sleep. 

2410. [-] The noise and 
clamour made by the 
drums of an army. 

2411. [-] Eggs hitched ; 
from the regularity of the 
bird, it denotes Belief, trust, 

confidence, mutual affiance. Read 
Foo, To hatch, to nourish, to breed 
up. Th e colours of a stone. Chung 
foo tp 1&- one of the ifeK Kwa. 

Too keS ] ffl the outer coat of a 
bud, which it bursts at the time 
of blosso ming. Pin foo /^E? \ 
trust; dependanceor reliance on. 

2412. [-] To take; to take 

. . ., 

in war; a prisoner. 'r 

foo, He who is taken alive is railed 
Foo. f|| ' Tseen foo, ( I ) a 
degraded c:iplive. 
Too loo 1 Iu3 to take captive. 

2413. [-] A billon the top 
of which there is water. Foo 
denotes to escape, in allusion 
to the water escaping and running 
down the hill. Read Fow, or Fow, 
Great; abundant. 

Ut 1 A 

seaou che wei yay ; fow la che yin 

yay, Tsing. is the minute of the 
small; Fow, is the vast of the great. 


2414. A woman's name. 

raft. A certain beam of a 
house; a kind of drumstick ; 
an utensil for collecting earth and 
throwing it in within the planks, 
when forming mud walls. Fow tan 
fir light charcoal which floats. 
Fow szc fQ a kind of screen. 

2416. Foo, or Peaou, 
Wood or plants rotting 
and falling; to die of 
hunger ; to be starved to 
death. Go l|j| hunger, 
sometimes precedes. 

2417. A bird casting its fea- 

2418. Foo, or Fow, A cow 
with black lips. 

2419. Name of a certain 
variegated stone. 

2480. A small reed; the in- 
ternal clothing of the bam- 
boo, the internal skin or peel 


24CI. [ - ] Tilt: husk 
of grain; the c ip of a 
flower; a general term 
for that which surrounds 
or houses the flower or 
seed. Calyx, pericar- 
piuin ; capsule, and so on. 

2422. A coarse net. 


2425. Bricks or tiles imburnt. 

2424. A net for catching 

2425. [ - ] A certain reed 
f^t^^ with a white and very thin 

internal peel. A kind of 
hemp. Read Fow, The name of a 
plant. To fade and die as a plant; 
to die of hunger. 

2486 - F()0 or 

name of a fish. 


-{?% 2427 ' Fo - or Fow . A cer- 

*^^^ B^JF 

J^,CZ tain bird of the pigeon spe- 

V'^>? cics 

j-{^-|-^ 2428. The outer wall of a 
city, suburbs, or a wall ra- 
mote from the inner city. 

2429. The husk of wheat. 

2430. [' ] Great; a design^, 
tion of eminent persons ; 
Confucius is called fj2 | 


Nc-foo. Large i great; many; nu- 
merous. Denotes also To begin or 
commence. I, me. The name of a 
country, of a place, and of a hill. 
A surname. Chang foo fpl j 
the name of a certain cap. Tae foo 
^> 1 an honorary epithet, applied 
to persons generally; used par- 
ticularly when asking a person'! 

24S1 . [ v ] To assist ; to help. 

24S2. Foo too J J^ 
a house built in an uneven 
irregular manner. 

2438. A kind of wooden rail 
to prevent any thing falling 
over ; the handle of a wea- 

2434. A round basket for 
containing grain. Some 
say, Square without side 
and round within. 

Foo kwei pHh shih choo jjj^ ^ ^ 
^jfe TJ? the basket having some part 
not polished or adorned, expresses 
delicately, some error or fault in a 
person's conduct. 

Foo kwei | 4j a certain utensil or 
basket used in sacrificing. 

2435. To cut down grain 
and collect it into sheaves ; 
a sheaf. 

. i 2 


2436. An utensil in which to 
break or pound things to 
pieces , a kind of mortar. 

2t37 A certain plant, in an- 
cient times an omen of feli- 
city. Name of a place. - 

2438. A kind of small crab. 


2439. Soft delicate hair. 

2440. [ \ ] Meat dried and 
preserved ; th flesh of any 
animal ; deer, sheep, and so 
on. Formerly used at great enter- 
tainments, now used as ordinary food. 
Sew foo JR? I meat -cut into slices 
and dried. 

2441. The snoring or grunt- 
ing of a pig, 

|>2H2. [\] Two piece* of wood 
which compress the sides uf 
acirt. The jaw bones. 

Foo keu seang e |ij| ]| ^Q ^ the 
jaws depend on each other j used by 
allusion to shew the mutual depen- 
dance of states. 

Foo hee | 7M 1 the jaw bones; 

Foo keu ||f/ Ihejawi. 

2443. Name of a certain 

24 It Th;- lid' I oflhe : 

'lonci on the lidci of 
Ibc face ; the j > bone. 

2445. Certain apparatus at 
the lower part of a carriage ; 
garments for the breech, 

2446. The bones of the loins; 
the hip bone. 

2447. P] A certain vessel 
for preparing food ; a vessel 
of a certain capacity. Used 
for the food dressed j a meal. One 
of nine rivers on an island in the 
midst of a river, appearing like an 
inverted boiler. Urh fob pub kelh 

Hi 1 'T* ^ " ol su PP lie(1 with 
two meals a day ; poor. 

2448. The north polar star. 

2449. [ N ] Variegated with 
black and white; diversity 
of colours ; embroidered. 

Fooffih-1 |^ variegated; elegant, 
applied to composition. 

Foo kwa XJir the embroidered fi- 
gure worn on the breast of the gar- 
ment by Chinese officers. Civil 
officers have a species of stork, and 
military officers a tiger, embroi- 
dered on their breast. 

Foo ;w 1 & beautifully embroider- 
I TWn 

ed or adorued with various colours. 





2450. To spread or extend 
according to a given rule. 
To spread and extend every 

where as the clouds. To disperse.; 
to scatter. 

2451. [/] To annex to; to 
superinduce; to lay on a 
surface, as colours on paper; 

to arrange; to insert names; to bring 
together; to extend to. A tutor;. a 
kind of agreement, of which do- 
cument each party takes half The 
name of a plant. A surname. ffi[j 
fljj JKy^ Meen joo foo fun, 

Face as if painted. -fa 
foo, and /]/ Shaou foo, Were 
anciently tutors to the Princes. 
(Sjfi | TTsze fop, A tutor ; a mas- 
ter ; a literary patron. .Persons emu- 
lous of promotion, commonly pay 
their court to one in power, and 
when presenting a donative, compli- 
ment their expected patron with the 
epithet, Sze-foo. ^frj ^f- : V 
YYh foo yu teen, Rising to heaven, 
said of a bird flying. To rhyme, 
read Fe. 

Foo yen sin ' $j*| "ffi to lay on 

Foo hwuy ke shwS 'py "M. h-^f 

to drag together a number of parti- 
culars; a forced application of what 
is said. 

Foo hwuy | -W" to bring together; 
to drag together. 

Foo shing yew 1 |^ yjj| | o apply 
the sacred oil. (MS. Dictionary.) 

Foo yu ' |jj|j a certain office about 

Foo tsze J 

2452. Flowers and leaves 
widely spread, or scat- 
tered abroad. 

2453. ^ Foo or Poo, An or- 

* 2454. A violent unruly sheep. 
Foo to | 3^'j/ an animal 
like a sheep, said to have 

nine tails, four ears, and iU eyes on 

its back. 

2455. An instrument of 

2456. [/ ] To help: to 
. , , assist; to assist with money 

yfV~\J at a funeral. 

Foo tiSng ] jj^ to assist with one's 
property ; to confer money upon. 

2457 To expand ; to open, 
as plants in spring. The 
ori> inal form of the follow- 

I a teacher. 

2458. To slate and lay be- 
fore the Sovereign ; to send 
forth an order to all the 
world; to d'ffuse by Imperial orders 
good government and instruction ; 
to disperse liberally ; to be sufficient. 
Puh foo tsilh^ H instifliciuit 

supply of money. 

1 4Jh~ 

Eoo she j jijjtj | to sprend or diffuse 
Foo poo 1 ^J instruction ; or 
th_> orders of the government. 

Foo kew 1 ^ to] investigate princi- 
ples too diffusely. 
7?-Y to diffuse instruc- 
f -l/\ 


2459. To stretch out j to ex- 
tend ; to spread out. 

'24CO. Foo-lan 1 
name of a wood. 



2461. A general term for 
flowers; a flowery appear- 

2462. The name of a wood. 

2463. [ r ] Peth foo A t 

Ak2 I 
the appearance of haste ; 

hurry ; precipitation. 

2464. [/] To tranquillize; 
to console; to soothe; to 
keep possession of; to hold ; 

to keep down with the hand. To 
strike. Haste. The name of a district. 
Foo yuen 1 n=J- or Foo tae ^r 
a Vice-Governor, the second officer, 
in every province. 

Fo > u ] IJX to s "othe ; . to manage, 
as a horse ; to manage the people. 

S 246j. [>~\ To submit to; a 
married woman ; a wife; 
one whose duty it is to 
submit to her husband; 
the fc'male in nature; a 
son's wife. Beautiful. 
Used in connection with a great rmny 
words. Chung fto ^ ] the eldest 


son's wife. Sin foo Sff a 
bride. Kwa foo J* I or Le foo 
& 1 a widow. 

Foo yew tsth keu I ~%\ -{^ ^ 

there are seven reasons for putting 
away a wife. 

Foo j in ^ a woman. 
Foo yen she ting 1 "=" -& |f^5 to 
listen to women's stories. 

Foo tih J /ffi femimine virtues. 
Foo sze che show | fjv. ~/ 3- 
in the hands of women and eunuchs. 
Foo sze tsae kwei sluh che keen, urh e 

|7jj r~\ JQ^. a woman's business is 
to attend to furnishing the table, and 
nothing else. 

2466. [/] To hang down 
the head ; to condescend ; 
to look down and view 
or examine ; to send and 
rothe a smaller state. 
Hfi I Ping foo, Tri- 
butary offerinisto the 
Emperor. Foo show 1 

"jH~ to bend down the 

head, condescendingly. 

2467. [ f ] Man and a Pearl ; 
one who has something to 
depend on. To bear on the 
back ; to turn the back on ; ungrate- 
ful. To fail ; to be defeated ; to be 
sorry ; to be ashamed. Koo foo 
|s -3 to render nugatory any 
kindness; to prevent ungratefully 
some good done. Foo j or foo 
"RpT the epithet of an old mother. 
Foote towhae chung 1 fj lOr 1 yfit 
ttl bearing up the Emperor threw 


hhnsclf into the sea. Thus perished, 
on the coast at Canton, the last of 
the dynasty Sung. 

Foo ho j ^ to hear up ; to sustain 
a high responsibility. 

Foo keen 1 ^* to owe a debt 

2468. To rely upon. jjj^ 

1 XflLZlf 

Le y5 foo teen te the tsing, 
Propriety and music accord with the 
nature of the heavens and the earth. 
^J | Tsze foo, To be self confi- 



2469. ['] TobeproTided 
with abudantly ; well 
supplied with;rich;afflu- 
ent; to enrich; of the 
five sources of happiness 
one is to be rich. A 
bribe. A surname. 

Foo kwei 'gf i=r riches and honors ; 

rtl yl* 

commonly denotes merely a wealthy 

Foo kwei pin tseen chang peen | "ft- 

I *""% 

/si*+ Fit* t 't, $^~i? 

l\ HX rfj s; r ' c ' lesw i'h their ho- 
nors, and poverty with its meanness, 
are continually fluctuating. Keen- 

. _^. 4 

foo Sp j rich in years ; means to 
be young and have a great many 
years yet to come. 

2470. [/] Foo, or Fow. One 
suit, or set of. ~fi^ J 
E yih foo, Suit of clothes. 

2471. [/] Foo or Fow, 
A second ; an assistant. To 
assist ; to examine ; to an- 
nounce to, or give information of. 

A kind of ornament of platted hair 
for the head, worn by ancient Queciu 
when performing funeral ceremoni'-v 
Read FS, To split or rite open. 
Read Peth, or Te'ih, To cut open 
transversely. ^gl] Ching foo, The 
principal and the second. tk 

Foo sze, The second person in any 
regular Imperial commission. The 
second person in an emha*<v. 

Foo ke Idh kea | ^ fy 

six Foo and Ke, The Ke were va- 
luable stones hanging down on each 
side of the Foo. 

Foo-too-tung ] ^ }m 


Foo yay 1 -Jjj* the title of an inferior 

military officer. 

1 2472. A certain description of 
boat. A boat or other ves- 
icl which carries much. 

C-\a kind of 
A<I J ula <>t- 

K.-l>2473. [ '} To exact; to 


llVl receive; to measure; to dis- 

" *' turb or excite; the exac- 
tions of the government are what 
disturb or excite the people; a 
bearer of tribute. To give and to 
receive, as Heaven confers a certain 
nature, instinct, capacity or disposi- 
tion on creatures, and creatures re- 
ceive these from Heaven. To diffuse ; 
to spread out ; a diffuse loose poem. 
Foo shwSy JjjjF j^J the duties or taxes 
exacted by government. 

Kung foo g tributary offerings, 

or levies mad. 
Foo leeu 1 jgj? to take ; to exact. 






2474. [ / ] To lay an ambush 
f ioldiers ; an ambuscade. 
Read Fow, To overshadow, 

as with wings, or as a canopy. 
Head Ffih, To reiterate; to subvert. 

2475. [ - ] A wild duck. A 
bird like a duck, but smaller. 

keang, there is a kind which exists 
in infinite cumbers; commonly 

called ?f& MKwan-foo. The name 

/i. /{- 

cf an official situation ; the name of 

a hill. Yu foo ft I a man's 
K\\ I 

name. Foo tsze 1 ^Jjrf the name 
of a plant. 

2476. Foo tsze 1 the 

name of a plant. 

2477. The name of a place. 

2478. [-] A stick with 
which to heat a drum. The 
name of a plant. Also read 

Paou and Teih, The name of a dis- 

2479. [ - ) The skin of 
an animal ; the flesh of 
pigs ; mince meat. Beau- 
tiful. To separate from, 
as by skinning. Large; 
great. The hand placed 
ilanting ; to receive. The name of 
a place. A man's name. 
Pe foo l kte the skin. 

Ke foo Hj^ the muscular flesh. 

2480. Foo or Woo, Not dis- 
tinctly and clearly. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Fo. Canton Dialect, Fok. 

I- F8, orSh8. 
' y, A moving star. Also 
read TeTh, A fixed period, 
an agreement. A plank on which to 
pass a stream. 

2482. A surname. 

2483. A syllable used in the 
prayers or imprecations of 
the Buddha sect. 

2484. To hang down the head. 
F5 ch5 "fte pS to hang 
down the head and peck. 

che keen, Within a look down and 
a look up ; i.e. within the compass 
of one's view. A redundant charac- 
ter, the same as ffl* Foo, and 1 
Foo. Also read Meen, in the sense 
of &fr Meen, Exertion; effort. 

i 2485. To bind i to tie fast ; 
py.T^; to ro " "Pi a roll t a certain 
| V\l part below a carriage, which 
serves to connect and fasten the se- 
veral parts together, or to fasten the 
baggage to the vehicle. 
Shfih fit ^ | 1 jo tie up with a 

J cord 







Manuscript Dictionary, Feu. Canton Dialect, Fow. 

2486. p] Commonly read 
Puh, No; not. Also used 
in common with the follow- 


2487. [ v ] A negative particle; 
as, Not ; ought not. It of- 
ten closses an interrogative 

sentence. To rhyme, read Foo. 

She fow, It is, or it is not ; 
/"* | 

is it right, or is it not. an ~3 ^t- 
4n 4[fr I So yen we che she fow, 
I don't know whether what I say be 
the fact or not; or, whether the sen- 
timent be right or not. & 
~pT frr She fow ko hing ? May it be 
done or not ? pT 1 Ko fow, Is it 
proper, or not; may it be, or not ? 
^ 1 Tsang fow, Has it occurred ; 
or is it done yet; or not ? TJT ^D 
%tL jj | We che t!h show fow, 
I don't know whether they are re- 
ceived yet, or not. 

2488. Fow, or Pei, The 
name of a place ; of a district, 
and of a hill. A surname. 

2489. Ancient form of >}$ 


Lew, To flow as water in a 

2490. [ - ] To see. 

T\KT. 11. 

Z 2 

2491. [- ] Fow or Pow, 
The appearance of new 
silken garments. 

2492. A net for catching 
rabbits or hares. Che fow 
~^?_ the name of a 
hill. Used also as the 
name of a kind of gallery 
attached to an ancient 


a plant called by various 
names. Used in cases of 
suppression of urine, and in difficult 
labours. The name of a hill. 

2494. Fow, or Fow kew, 
jjeabird of the pit 


2495. To brood or hatch 
eggs, as a fowl does. 

2496. Fow or Foo. See. 
above under Foo. 

2497. Fow or Foo, A wo- 
man's name. 

2498. The name of a hill 

2499. Certain poiU or 
beams, about a house; alio 
read Foo, which ee. 

2500. To ascend a raft and 
float on the water; to float; 
to float along with the 
stream ; to flow over ; to exceed ; ex- 
cess; time which has gone by. Light. 
Fow fow, Cloudy vapours; sleet 
and snow in great quantities ; nume- 
rous and violent, like the waters of m 
torrent ; a kind of forfeit. Name of 
a river, and of a hill, and of a bamboo. 

Fow pS ^ levity of mind) gid- 

diness; giddy; thoughtless. 

Fow chin j yV floating and sinking 
alternately ; unsettled , unsteady. 

Teen fou ^C I the name of a starj 

Fow fan 1 y|>L to fl at - 

Fow keaou 1 & a floating bridge. 

Fow yen ] "s" light floating speech, 
mere unmeaning compliments. 

Fowtsaou 1 to levity andgiddine<iof 
demeanour; unofficer-like levity. 

Fow hae 1 ^w- to float on or uavi- 
gate the sea. 

Fow tsae j W floating wealth ; pro- 
perty in money or goods; in contra- 
distinction from landed property, 
which in called ^ ^ShTb neJ. 



Fow she sh'ih yu wanjin P ~r" 

E* (3 A fl alm S corpses more 
than a hundred thousand caused by 
the Tartan. ( A. D. 1282. ) 

2501. Bamboo with streaks 
or veins. 

2502. Steam or vapour 
arising from heat. Fow 
jin h^ a cook. 

250S. Fow or Foo. A cow 
with black lips. 

2504. [-] A hot fiery sore 
or wound. 

2506. Fow, or Foo, A kind 
of gruel variousjy described. 
Rice boiled and prepared in 
a certain way. 

2506. Few, or Pow, The 
noise of something splitting 
or rending. 

2507. A boat; a small float. 

2508. [-] PefowlJ/J{ 
a large species of ant, cnpa- 
ble of flying; differently 
described, and called by different 
names, as, 

Fow yew Jjjfl which both express 
Keu k-8 vEl R1/ the same. 


J509. Much ; many. 

8510 To lookj to view; 
to see. 

2511. Fow or Foo, Ap- 
pearance of walking or run- 
ning; a quick, hurried mo- 


2518. Fow fow 
the appearance of rain and 
snow ; sleet. 

25 1 S. The name of a star. 

25)4. Name of a fish. 

2515. A bird of the pigeon 

2516. [ \ ] A mound of 
earth; a hill without 
stones ; high and broad, 
like a hill or mountain; 
great ; large; fat; abun- 
dant ; numerous ; plen- 
teous ; raging like a large 
fire. The name of a hill, 
and of a country. 1^1 
Bpy Jraj 1 Min fung 

Pwfih fow, A numerous 
population and great 

Fow chung | &fc name of an insect. 
Fow tsae 1 fj* wealth. 


Hc'ang fow ^ ] "1 fragrant regions 

| i , ^ 

Heang keae ^ x^. j a blessed state 
spoken of by the Buddha sect. 

J,A 2517. Pei, or Fow. The 

^"Jj hank of a river; a harbour 

for merchant ships; a mart 

where trading people collect and 

transact their mercantile concerns; 

it is also commonly called j||| 

Fow-tow. 6Sj I Yen-fow, A salt 

Jtfa I 

merchant's place of rendezvous for 
jalt. jjfr ] Sin-fow, The New 
Mart, is applied by the Chinese to 
Pcnang, as its name. 

2518. To burn ; a large fire. 

2519. Fiih-yoh *] $ 
of a fragrant plant. 

2520. Fow chung 
a certain insect. 

2521. Abundant : plentiful. 

2522. An abundance of 
horses ; advantageous ; 

m ^ 252S. p ] A vessel made 

' I * of eTrthen ware ; formerly 

1^""W used to discriminate the 

notes of music ; and also to con- 





tain liquid', either wine or water, &c. 
A jar ; a basin. Koo foo iTJjr 
to beat the Fow, for musical pur- 
poses ; to beat time. 

Fow, wa ke yay j ^ ^ -j^ Fow, 
a vessel made of earthen ware. 

I 2524 [ \ ] The handle of 

^- l*| I a knife or weapon. Read 

**T -J Foo, same as 3^ Foo, The 

centre part of a bow grasped by the 


2525. A beautiful woman ; 
a woman of correct and ele- 
gant manners. 

2526 [ F ] To cover as a canopy. 
Also read Full, which see. 

Fow keu j 

. a kind of net to take 

Fow taou j |Jli to cover as a tent or 
canopy. Teen fow te tsae T 
'$L heaven overspreads, and 
earth contains. 

2527. [/] Read Fuh, and 
F6o, Again; reiterated. 
Read Fow, in the tense of 
the preceding. 

2528. White. 

2529. A kind of earthen 
ware utensil, used to beat 
on when singing. 

2550. The lilk worm asleep ; 
one of ill torpid states. 

2551. Fow, or FBh, Return 
of disease ; a relapse. 

9532. Keuen fow ^ \ 
a species of silk. 

8533. Fow, or Foo, To lean 
upon ; to turn the back 
on j to bear. See Foo. 

2534. Fow, To accord with. 
See Foo. 

2535. [-] Foo, or |Fow, A 
stick with which to beat a 


Manuscript Dictionary, Fo, Canton Dialect, Fat. 

^ 8536. Distorted on the left. 

\^ To wipe. Some say / 

^^ Pelh, denotes distorted on 

the left, and Fflh, on the right. Also 

read Le8. Vulgarly read NS. 

^^^^ 25S7. Not. A negative and 
j~ prohibitive particle. Com- 
-\ rnonly read Pflh, which see. 

2538. Distorted , opposed to ; 
a negative; not; a strong 
negative or prohibitive Par- 
ticle, It should not be, it is not so. 

To send away or reject. Peth fSh 
pp 1 abundant, in an exceeding 

2539. To see indistinctly ; 

to examine : to turn aside. 

Unreasonable. A bright ap- 
pearance ; great Forms part of the 
names of places. A surname. The 
Founder of a religious Sect, by Euro- 
peans, commonly called Fo, or Fo<5, 
now worshipped as a god. In this 
last application of the word, it is said 

to denote Awakening and enlightea- 
ing mankind. An abbreviation of 
Ffih-too tife |i^- e - BuddaorBud- 
ha. This manner of abbreviating 
names is usual with the Chinese, j^jf 

{ ,!, g 1 & " Hten neaou 

chay fnh ke show, he who presents 
a bird, should turn aside its head, 
that it may not bite the person te 
whom it is presented. 
Ffihfi J ^ laws of FBh. Sometimes 
means the religion or doctrine* of 




Fob, generally; at other times, cer- 
tain enigmatical sayings delivered by 
Filh; also the powers or means of 
operating possessed by Filh. 

Ffihhooching 1 ^f* Jf~, contrary to 
what is right; in which sense it is 
Syn. with ^ Fah. 

FOh keaou '| ^ or 1 PI Ffih ' 
mun, The religion of Fob. 

Ffih king | &g the religious books 
of Buddha. 

Fang fdh jSmung $ f$ ^f ^ 
seen indistinctly as in a dream. 

Fuh fa woo peen ^ s ]j; St jg| 
the powers of FBh are unlimited. 

FBh sang [ Jg the name ofa plant. 
Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis. 

Fah show 1 ^- the hand of (the god) 
Fflh; i. e. the Chinese citron, from 
its resemblance to a hand. 

Fuh seang j^ images of Ffih. 

Fuh sing | l^f the nature or dispo- 
sition of Buddha, which it is affirmed 
all mankind possess. Choo ffih 
tsze -3y ?- all the Buddhas; 
buddha exists in many persons. 

Ffihto] fco^ffiVt } 
O me to ffih, An epithet of the god 
Ffih. Jl|* I San paou Ffih, 

Three precious Ffih. 

2510. Tu strike, to chop; 
to hew ; to cut asunder. 

2541. Something to strength- 
en a bow. See ClK Peth. 

2542, To oppose ; to act 
contrary to; perverse. To 
give a negative to ; to deny. 

Also read PeTh, in the same sense. 

Fuh, P fih Jen che tsze p 

SS FQh, expresses a thing's not be- 
ing so; or forbidding it to be so. 

Heii fah tsae PJ' | ^ ! no, let 

it not be! 
Ffih pili-sing etsung ke che yfih 1 T=f 

& 0. $ 6 $c pp ed 

the people to follow his own desires. 

2543. Same as pijfe Fdh. 
The religious books of the 


Buddhites contain this word 
in some other sense. 

2544 Ffih pi5h ^ J the 
appearance of dust raised by 
the wind ; a cloud of dust. 
Ya tuh tseen fun h ^ jji ~j\j\ 
fc j the dust flying before the 

9545. Large; great 

2546. Exceedingly large. 
A man's name. 

'2547. A tortuous path 
amongst mountains ; 
dreary, sorrowful passes 
amongst hills. 

2548. A kind of coyer for 
the hair, after bting bound 
upon the top of the head. 


9549. To strike and make 
pass over; to brush; to 
wipe; to dust; a duster. 
To brush as with the waving ofa sup- 
ple tree in the wind; the waving of 
the arm amongst bushes ; to propel 
from one; to oppose. Pcrverie; 
to move together. Read Peih, 
Shaken by the wind. Also read Fei. 

FBh le Jtfjj JjL perverse ; opposed to 
what is right and reasonable. 

FOh woo j te name of a kind of 
play or posture-making. 

FBh jin sin * J{ ^ to thwart or 
act contrary to the dispositions of 
men generally. 

2550. Mournful ; sorry. 
Wo sin ho full yHh ^ 

soul why art thou dis- 
quieted ! Also read Fei, 
A disquietude of mind; 

vexation, anger. 

2551. To thrash or beat with 
a flail. 

2552. To sprinkle with 

water. Peih. ffih I1& 1 
111 I 

the bubbling up of water 
as from a spring. Also 
read Fe, which see. 

2553. Dulness of eye sight j 
obscure vi.sioii; dull ap- 
pearance of the eye. 


2554. The appearance of a 

2555. To drive away ca- 
lamities and supplicate 
happiness; to expel; to 
cleanse; to wash, as a re- 
|i| J~ 1 ligious observance ; a 
'Y/'\*) kind of heathen baptism. 
FflhchoopHhtseang ] $j^^ |f 
to expel or wash away what is in- 
felicitous. On the 3rd day of the 3rd 
moon, the ceremony of bathing is 
performed for this purpose. 
Fuh shth | 1$] to put away the old 
and adorn one's self afresh in a 
moral sense. 

255C. A kind of door in the 
hinder part of a carriage ; 
an arrow. Read Fei, To 
pare or sharpen an arrow. 
--JU 2557. The road rendered 
impassible by luxuriant 
herbage; to screen. 

2558. A large boat or ship. 

2559. An angry visage or 
look. Fob jen pdh yu8 

displeased manner. Also read P5, 
An exuberance of colour or show. 

2560. To run ; to leap. 
Running; leaping. 

8561. To leap; to skip; to 
run with haste. Also read 

FART. II. Z 2 


2562. A surname; the name 
of a place. Also rtad Fei 
and Fei. 

2563. To ornament, or cer- 
tain ornaments. 

2561. A cloudy appearance. 

2565. A kind of leather door 
or entrance at the hinder 
part of a carriage. 

2566. A cord for drawing 
a coffin or hearse. 

2567. The sound of music 
suddenly stopping. 

2568. A slight breeze of 
wind ; the wind passing 

2569. Like ; resembling. 
The ornaments of a wo- 
man's head dress ; the hair 
in a state of confusion. 

2570. A certain sea fish. 

2571. From J^f Tsc?, A 
division or portion of an 
affair, and ^ Yew, 
The hand. To direct; to 
put in order . To alter and 



8579. Acaseforputtingbowi 
and arrow* into; sometime* 
made of bamboo. 

^ 2573. To use or to em- 
I __ P'V. a> a boat; to wait 

|yC on or assist another. 

as a horse and a rider 
by the side of a carriage , 
certain covering for a 
carriage, hence, Clothes; 
iTI % garment*; a quiver for 

l-l i\ arrows; to accord with 

v from fe;ir; to submit to ; 

that which may be done; to cause tp 
submit ; to adjust ; to be accustomed 
to, as to climate. A surname; the 
name of a bird. E fuh ~fc 
clothes, garments. Jin sin pfih f5h 
/^ jlv ^^ men's minds will 
not submit. Shwuy too pfih ffih 
jk( ~} J /f^ I unaccustomed to the 
climate. E tin fQh jin JX| ^J ' 
A by virtuous deeds to make people 
submit. Woo ffih -/7^ four 

kinds of mourning. 

FOh fi 1 y4; to submit to the laws. 
I '** 

Ffih keaou ] fjf to subraU to in- 
l *iA 

Fuh shwuy 1 ^ft submit to whom? 

FBh y5 ] |j| to use, to take, tu 

swallow down medicine. 
Too ffih JJJ: ] the belly, the mind. 

Too fQh pfih ming Hj^ 
Dull of apprehension. 

2574. A famous wood brought 
from the Kwan-luo moun- 
tain. Also read 58, Thentae 
of a wood. 





8575. Fdh or Pih, Loo-fuli 

Ai." 1 name of a plant or 
*} /M - 

)^_ rout used in catching fish. 

A covering for a sword. 

2576. Fflh wei | tjjjj| 
a serpent, or snake, called 

2577. Name of a bird con- 
sidered infelicitous, and as 
a sign of drought ; it has a 
sagreeable cry in the night, and 
canton fly far. 

| 2578. PS, From ~fc Ketten, 
a dog, and 1 Ftih, To drag 
a dog ly the foot and slick it. 

2579. Fuh or Fa. Cold 
wind ; frigid icy appearance. 
>j| Peth fdh, occurs 
in the same sense. 

2580. Fuhseth 1 ;fa|orFnh 
woo i |ffi a rod orna- 
mented with variegated 
silks held in the hand by the Chinese 
at their amusements of posture-mak- 
ing or fencing. A piece of cloth. 
Ffih low $]i fringe or tassel. 

2581. Cold; a cold wind 5 
appearance of cold and ice. 

2582. To drive away cala- 
mities aud supplicate bless- 
ings. Same as Fuh IjMjj 
which see. 

i_ |U 2583. The roots of plants ; 
the roots of plants which die 
in spring. A thatched cottage. 
Reid Pi), The name of a medicinal 

plant. Ffih kwS I ^ name of a 

258 1. Certain garments 
worn by barbarians. A 
covering for the knee. 

2535. A kind of sash worn 
round the waist with its ends 
hanging down. 

2586. An ornamented rod 
with feathers or tassels at 
its end, held in the hand by 

a kind of fencers at feasts and so- 

2587. Rapid motion of the 

2588. Variegated with black 
and azure colours. To ern- 
broiderjtosewwith coloured 

threads. Foofflh ^| | adorned 
with various colours. FHhmeen | 
an ornamented cap or crown. 

2589. To walk in the old 
path or road ; to go the 
same way as before ; to do 
over again. Now written 

2590. A den or cavern that 
is habitable ; a den prepared 
to retire to in times of anar- 
chy and confusion. 

2591 Diseases ; a return of 
weariness ; a relapse. 

2592. To go and come ; to 
return. Again; reiterated; 
to send back or give a re- 
ply ; to explain ; to announce the 
performance of any order. To call 
back the spirit of the departed re- 
lation who died from home : they 
mention the name of the person, and 
call upon his soul to return. To re- 
store. A surname. The name of a 
district, and of certain garments. 
Occurs denoting To exclude. Also 
read Fow. Fan fQh jj | over 
and over ; backwards and forewords. 

Ffih lae 1 /fel 

I L to come back agun. 

Fdh fan j ^J 

Fdh che 1 jg to re-establish. 

Fdh chen " mfe renewed the attack. 

' i5\ 

Ffih fun kcun ! fy ^ again di. 

vided the army. 
FiSh ke choo i j i9j to return 

to its first or original state. 
Fuh pei she soo 1 -f-jt -S ^f the 

same number doubled. 
Fuh yuen 1 T to be restored to 

one's original health. 
Fuh liing SB to restore to a 

former flourishing state. 
Fuh chuen yuen yang J WE JM ||| 

turned back again to the original 
form or manner. 

Fuh hwan j jig to repay or give 
back again. 

2593. A den or cavern in 
the earth, intended for a 

2594. The return of diseaie; 
a relapse. 





>J-> 2595. The fruil or seed of 
the bamboo, wh'uh is not 

produced till it is about to 
return to corruption, or to die. 

2596. The name of a certain 

2597. Foo or Full, A bird 
hatching eggs. 

2598. That which sur- 
roundsand embraces much, 
that is important. Thick, 

substantial ; rich. The belly ; the ab- 
domen; the bowels; the seat of the 
mind. The earth. Used by allusion 
for what is valuable to oue. Name 
of a certain garment; a surname; a 
man's name. Sin ffihrhejin/j^ 1 
j4_, >\ very intimate friend. 

Fuh sin | ^ or Sin-fuh, Heart and 
bowels ; dear to one. 

Fdh sze peen peen ) ffjf 43[ fj| 
rich in knowledge which is always 
at hand. 

Ffih le tsang taou |*| SJH: TJ 

a dagger secreted in the bowels of 
the man who talks plausiby. 

Ffih puh haou | ^ j^| a disease 

FuhtseTh ] ^ J of the 

bowels; pain or purging-. 

2599. A boat or other 


2600. A name applied to 
several insects and reptiles; 
to a locust, which has no 

; a very poisonous serpent. 

Ffih hwuy |jj# a reptile said hi 

have a head as large as a man's ; also 
a serpent which is exceedingly poison- 
ous, and the slime of which left 
on leaves and plants, is also pois- 
onous. Its head is short, body small, 
fiat and streaked ; it fastens on those 
who incense it 

2601. Garments that are 
double. Double. 

FBh taou W *,@f a path which leads 
both upwards and downwards. 

2602. Backwards and for- 
wards; hither and thither. 
To subvert; to overthrow ; 
to ruin; to defeat an army. To 
examine or investigate and judge. 
Read Foo or Fow, Soldiers in ambush; 
an ambuscade. To reply to. Same 
as -fig Ffih ; to cover as a canopy. 

King fuh ftfjl |j to overturn; to 
throw down , to fall down. 

Ffih plh j j or Chung fuh rfj 
to explain clearly. Sin sze fan ffih 
Jl_^ l|l |j I the mind unsettled; 
going hither and thither. Shay fdh 
ua to shoot at tilings placed 
under a cover. 

2603. Name of a plant of 
which artificial flowers are 
made, otherwise called |^J 
fea Tung-tsaou. 

2604. A metal vessel with a 
large mouth. 

2605 A fragrant odoriferous 
effluvia A man's name. 

2608. Somewhat, which 
binds or fastiins a cart 
or carriage underneath) 
otherwise called & fy 
FOIi-too, A rabbit in am- 

2607. A kind of leather 
case for bows and arrows. 

2608. To lie prostrate on 
the face; to subject either 
one's self or others. To 
hide; to conceal. Slj ffl; ^ Tsin 
woo ffih, In sleeping do not lie on 
the face, ftp I S i| Ke fdh 

rY * I -^ \ / 

ke tsuy, Since the (state Heu) has 
acknowledged its offence. JB 
Yi fBh, To repress ; to oppress. Du 
\f& jjjj I Sze loo mac fdh, Lying 
in an ambush on every road. Jj|5 
Tsang fiih, or reversed, Ffik 
tang, To put into ; to secrete; to 
hide ; to conceal. J San fdh, 

Three terms, occnring after Midsum- 
mer, called if^J I Choo ffih, The 
first. dj ' Chung fob, The 
middle. ^ 1 Mdh fflh, The last. 
Foo ffih $ft 1 to fall prostrate ; to 
kneel with the body bent forward, 
and resting on the ground. Fuh, 
in the sense of Humbly, is used be- 
fore jjrtf Ke, and ^ KcTh, To beg, 
to pray, to entreat ; before ig W T ang, 
To hope ; before 'reg Wei, and J 
Sze, To consider; before PB Yuen. 
To wish, to desire; and before jy 
Cha, To examine into. 




Fiih ping j Jr. soldiers laid ia am- 

FBh ze | ffl I, prostrate, consider ; 

I humbly think; it is my humble 

Ffih yuen 1 |rff prostrate or humbly 



y th ' g a species 

of bat. 

2609. Fdh or PTh, To stop 
or dam up a stream ; to rush 
down, as a mountain falling. 
One says, To flow. )|||& 1 
Chuen sTh keffih, The streams stop- 
ped, and the ponds filled up. 


2610. To attach a smaller 
piece of wood to a larger 
beam in order to strengthen 

^ 2611. Fuh ling | ^ a 
medicinal plant, which fable 
says, is converted into amber. 

FBh shin j jjjrfj a certain root. 

^ 2612. A wrapper for making 
a bundle of clothes or any 
thing ele, is called <fij 1 
Paou ffih. Na paou fi5h lae paou ke 

laC <t& 1 ^ 

bring a wrapper and wrap it up. 

2613. A species of fox. 

2614. Read FBh, To split or 
rive open. Read PeTh, To 
cut open transveiselv. 
Otherwise read Foo. T o assist. 


26 1 5. A certain appendage 
of a carriage; a bar or 
strap placed before a per- 
son on which he leans. 

2616. From j Kaou, 
High, abbreviated. Lofty 
and wide. 

2617. Ffih, PBh, or PTh. To 
fill prostrate on the ground. 
-Sjj Poo pih, To fall 
down on the hands and knees; 
to go on the hands and knees like a 
child. To press towards with celerity; 
to do one's utmost to hasten to 
relieve, jf^ ^ |jf] j Tan shih 
poo pih, He really crept, &c. 


2618. A wide piece of cloth 
or si.k; a roll or piece of 
cloth or silk, or paper. A 
picture which rolls up. The ends 
of a roll ornamented; applied figura- 
tively to producing an effect on the 
people by virtue. A surname. p? 
| Keang ffih, Full; filled. Read 
PeTh, Cloths wound round the legs 
to strengthen the muscles in walking. 
Otherwise called f-T Wfc King ting. 

2619. Ffih or PeTh. Apiece 
of wood fastened to the 
horns of cattle to prevent 
their goring people ; a case for arrows. 


FBh shih j ^* a p| ace 
where fish are dried. 

2620. Ffih orP)h. Cut in 
halves ; split boards. 

2621. Same as S Fuh. 

2622. Divine protection , 
excellent; good ; felicitous; 
happiness; a blessing ; richly 
provided with. The meat used in 
sacrifices. The name ofa district. 
A surname. Occurs denoting To- 
wards ; with, or the tame at. Read 
Foo, To lay or store up. 

.Ffihchow | /tyj the capital town or 
metropolis of Fiih-kcen Province. 
Woo fuh ^^ ] the five blessings 
are, Long life ; Hishes ; Health ; the 
Love of virtue and a Natural death. 
Teen kwan tsze ffih ^ -^* WL 
I may celestial rulers confer (on 

.ihis house) blessings ; and Jj 
g ^ Woo ffih lin mun. May the 
five blessings enter at this door, are 

expressions commonly written over 
the doors of Chinese houses. 
Fiih-keen j ~ftj^ the province on th 

N. E. of Canton, commonly written 


Ffih tsze teen lae f I ?C ^ 

a blessing will descend from heaven. 

FBh shin tan |g jjjljl j^B or otherwise 
called i liJJ ^ Too te tan, in- 
clude the lares urbani familhres ; 
rustici and compitales. Festival on 
the 2nd day of the 2nd moon. 


I ll 

tjLl large 


2623. Fflh still ] jjjjjj =' 
boat or other vessel. 

S624. A certain veget:ib!e 
of bad quality. 

2625. Word or speech fully 
prepared; explained fully. 

,_- 2626. The axle of a carriage; 
* the transverse wood on 
which the wheels run. 

2627. A leather strap or belt. 


yr, >8:P 



s!io j jj a l!\ini; i 1 . 
probably the flying squirrel. 
Fflh shay jj'V a certain poisonous 

26'29. Same as the modern 
V I'iih, see above. Read 
Meili, At rest; repose; 
silent; still. 

2630. The appearance of a 
tiger. Same as thu preced- 

2631. Fuh fiSh | ^ 
name of a bird. Read Pin, 
A bird like a fowl. 

8634. I-'ow or I uh. A 

fiUc t -I'l of luir o .. 

In- ni, in I In- 1:1 iiiii'-r nf I lie 

Cllillisr wn:iii-|i; a Ijdj'i 

9633. Wood and plunUfiirm- 
ing a kind of covert. 
Otherwise read Fe. 

263j *- A " llte 'il used in wear- 
' ln S- One ay, The name of 
a bamboo. Also read PS. 

2635 A wide piece of cloth or 


Manuscript Dictionary, Fuen. Canton Dialect, Fun. 

2636. [\f ] From P5, To 
separate, and Taou, A knife. 
Toscparatc; to divide; to 
halve. To confer; to distribute ; to 
give ; to distinguish; to arrange. He;id 
Fun, A part ; the part which any one 
has to act ; the situation he fills. A 
certain nominal coin, by Europeans 
called a candarecn. To rhyme, read 
Fun che e chth 1 ^ l v l Iff to 

I /W 'Xv HIJX, 

give a department to, a particular 
duty to one. 
Fun che j ^ to distribute. 

Fun pee e I l!|] jy to-deliberate on 
I ft t *n-< 

each case apart. 

I'AKI II. A 3 

Fun hcen ' -J&2C an assistant officer 
in a Been. 

Fun ming j flfH discriminatedflear- 

Fun heaou I flJ ly; perspicuous 
distinctions. Fun, occurs answering 
to multiply by two, as Urh fun wei 

sze -^i r/M two opened out 

or separated by two, make- four; 

Fun ming she, yu pfih she ] [Uj -& 
$fl. >^ 44- to diilinguish clearly 
between right and wrong. 

Fun chine soo 1 ?tV: ^ to liqui- 

l 'JL -CA 

date debts by piying a certain deci- 
mal part of the whole. 

Fun lung . I j|| to share a person's 

Fun yew j 3=C to share a person's 

2837. FunorPin.Toseparate; 
to divide. 

2638. Fun, or Pun. Dust; 
dust or earth raised. One says, 
A great barrier or mound. 
To eject i to throw in, or to mix, 

2639. Fun-) in p| 

a hilly appearance; hills 
dividing ar.d purlin? off. 

an important pass in 

182 FUN 

8640 A fragrant weed. 

26tl. A cloth to durt 
things with ; a large cloth 
or napkin worn at the 

D >\ 2642. The light of the su, 
U ft divided or shed forth. 

264S. [ /] Anger; in- 
dignation; resentment. 
Fun noo 1 ^K anger ; 
angry ; vexed ; vexation. 

Fun h In 1 (lH,hi;;hin- 
I ll\ 

dignation and resentment. 


Fun cl>e J tj& anger ; vexation ; the 

mind perturbed by anger. 
Fun tseih J ^ angry irritability. 

2644. A certain fish; imall 


26iy. To grasp with the 
hand ; to move ; to shake ; 
to unite together, applied 
to uniting the nations of China under 
one monarchy. Read Pan, To 
dress. up; to. dress one's person. 
Chwang pan ||fe j or Ta pnn 
| to dress or ornament one's 

5646. [-] The name of a wood; 
used also to denote Ihe 
beam or piilnr of a house. 


S647. [ - ] Beams of the 
roof of a house. Hempen 
cloth, used for covering 
carriages. The thick and disordered 
state of the trees of a forest ; a state 
of confusion, applied to the world 
and to threads. To ravel. Min 
min fun fun yh' yjr a dis- 

ordered confused state of society. 

2648. [-] Name of a stream or 
river; name of a territory; 
and of a kingdom: In allu- 
sion to a certain king of which state, 
who attained a great age, and had 
a numerous progeny, it is now used 
on birth days, as a compliment to 
a person, thus, 

Fun yang teen ban ] $jj jjfa ||j 
Fun-yang's king nodding his t hin 
implying a wiJi that the person 
may be happy as the king alluded to. 

2649. Fun or Pun, To burn 
* with fire. 

2650. Fun-fun^ I .the 
hair fulling off. 

lL jr 2651. [-] Fume; vapour; 
breath ; air ; shadowy ap- 
pearance, belli felicitous 
and infelicitous. 

Yaou fun T& | "| shadowy appear- 
Jun tsin 1 jjfjf j ances; appari- 

tions; sprites, indicative of evil and 

Fun, fceung yay; tseang, keih yay 

dicates evil; Tseang blessings, or 


what is good. Ling fun Jinii 1 a 
shadowy ominous appearance; a 
spiritual prognostication. 
Fun yun | jSf^ felicitous, vapoury, 
or shadowy appearances. 

2652. A bullock 

253. To feap ; to skip. 

Fun tseuen ] 
the name of a place 

2655. To gather together 
grain , to separate and form 
it into sheaves ; a small por- 
tion of grain. 

2656. p] Grain broken to 
pieces ; pulse broken small. 
Meal or flour ; any powder ; 
pigment for the face. 

[*] To apply a colour or wash 
to ; to white-wash . Name of a bam- 
boo, name of a place. PThfnnpt I 
rice flour, a white powder or wash. 
Mihfun^E j 'wheaten flour. 

Tun me -^ variegated ; embroi- 

dered. Me fun ^ I rice flour. 

Fun suy j ^j& to break or smash to 

Fun sze jj^j, vermicelli ; other- 

wise called -$& Q I Lfih tow fun. 

Fun shwang ] fg sublimate of rrer- 

Fun tsth ^j adorned with co- 

lours rich and glossy. 

Fun tsze j 3t a kind of padding or 
dumpling. Hung fun 4fe j or 


Hoc fun "AJJ I a pigment. A pre- 
paration originally made from co- 
loured flour, but subsequently from 
an oxide of lead. 

L ^ !57. [ v ] A horse's tail, 
' ^V formed into a case. Many ; 
numerous; perplexed; con- 
fused; slow. The hurry of business; 
the bustle of joy. 

Fun hwa 3*if the scramble and 
bustle of show and glittering gaiety. 
Fun ke ] ~m a crowd of banners. 

1 *![ 

Fun Iwan i bustle and confusion. 

I Pju 

Fun fun to sze ^ 3j 

a perplexing, hurried, multiplicity of 

Fun shwuy | nttr a napkin to wipe 

any thing with. 
Fun tsa j ^ mixed, blended in a 

coufused manner. 

Fun wan J Jjj^ a confused appearance. 
Fun yun ] ^") confused multi- 
Fun fun ' [ Jplicity of persons, 

affairs or things. 

2653. Appearance of flying 
hither and thither. 

2659. [ ] The appearance 
of a large head; a nume- 
rous appearance. Also 
read Pwan, To distribute to. 

S66 [-] A bud first open- 
' ln K '< to P en "* a bud to 
develope. Hurmoniuus; a- 
greeing Numerous. 


Fun jen -5^ to spread and rite 

like dust. 
Fun-fun ^ j fragrant; odoriferous. 

* 661 - [-] A sheep; seems 
affirmed both of the male 



9862. Fragrant wood. 



2663. A field rat trans- 
formed from the bird 
ifi $ Pth-laou. A 
man's name. The name 
of a place. 

8664. Large garments ; long 
robes; the appearance of 
fine long robes. 

J^\ 2665. Fun yun | |^ 

If ""certain speech; vague 
talk ; a man's name. Read 
Pun, An ignorant person. 

666. Fun-kfih ] 
name of a valley. 


2667. To stumble; to leap, 
to fall. 

Name of a valuable 


, 8669. [-] Foggy vapour; fog 
whitened by cold air; snowy. 
Rain and snow thickly 
blended, is denoted by *%S I Fun- 

2670. Snowy; fog; vapour 


S67I. f-JFunwin 
or Fun fun I fra- 

grant odoriferous vapour . 

8672. A fith with a Urge 
head. Many ; numerous. 
Bead Pan, To spread; to 
diffuse widely ; to promulge. 

8673. A horse going at a 
swift pace. 

2674. Fun-fun j 
wrangling and pulling 
each other about. 

Fon me J 

2675. Embroidered with 
various colours and devicei, 
as Imperial robes are. 

sprinkled with ele- 

gant embroidery. 

2676. Birds -collected in a 
group; appearance of flying. 
Name of a bird. Read Pan, 

A bird of the pigeon species. 

2677. To be overthrown 
and defeated. Read Pan, 
To travel on the high road ; 

to run; precipitate flight; fearing 
something behind; embarrassed. 


^/ | 




S6T8. [' ] A field rat; a 
kind of mole. 

2679. [ f ] A large drum. 
Read Pun, or Kun, Ardent; 
impetuous ; filled with aner 
and rage , bubbling up, as a spring of 
water. Overthrown ; defeated. Read 
Pe, Glossed over ; coloured. 

2680. [ r ] Prostrate; laid 
prostrate with the face up- 
wards. To shake ; to excite ; 
to subvert; to ruin. * = 
5l| Yih yen fun sze, One word ruins 
an affair. ^ "|| ] 3fJ Shoo 
show fun sze, A rat's head spoils 
affairs ; i. e. excessive timidity and 
caution, such as is manifested by the 
rat, injures affairs. 

2681. [-] A tomb; a grave; a 
hillock; the bank of a stream. 
A great bank ; to fend off 
water. Great; vast. Read Fun, 

t~t * >J l__ -4^ 

Fat loamy soil. )^ j"gj 7^ ^jf 
-fcfc pi | Fan kaou ta chay, keae 

E3 I I 

yu fun, Whatever is lofty and great 
is called fun. ^ j rae fun, To 
worship at tombs, in the Chinese man- 
ner. J^fi | Saou fun, To sweep 
or repair them. T'r Hwang fun, 
A deserted grave. San fun ~ 
i denoting To divide, to separate, 
or discriminate. It is also applied to 
the separation of the three powers, 
The commencement of heaven, earth, 
and man; which are termed the three 
Tiae powers or energies. San fun, 
also denotes the books utQicthrte an- 
tediluvian) kings. f^J | Plh-fun, 

White loamy soil. !*R' 1 Hill fun, 

Black loamy soil. -3r Ijfjf 1 Ciiih 

chih fun, Red clayey soil, '"mr* i 
Joofun, The bank of a certiin streim. 

26S2. [-] An ornament ; a 
certain appendage to a 
horse's bridle ; the bit ; 
called also JSt tt- Shen-han, and 
Pae miih. 

t_f 26S3. The mind filled and 
C^l urged either with grief, or 
^ "% anger, or zeal in business, 
or in study; violent feeling of anger 
and indignation. 

Fun fa 'j^fe \ ardent ; zealous ; 

-,* f 
Fa fun 'B?? -> eager; impetuous. 

Fun fa yew wei ] %>j[ ^ ^ to act 
with one's whole mind or soul. 

Fun-kee | $^f highly worked up by 
anger or indignation. Fi fun wang 
shih j| ^ -^ to be so full 
of an object as to forget one's food ; 
intent on learning. 

Tun-n x> 1 >CC filled with anger and 

2684. To wipe or dusl with 
the hand. 

2685. An ancient drum. 

2686. A certain wood ; tim- 
bers at the side of a boat. 

2687. An ancient species of 
woollen cloth. 

26o8. [-] The bank of a 
river or stream; to over- 
flow the banks; to issue 
forth, bubbling as a spring; to spurt 
forth water; the name of a small 
stream that issues from a larger river 
in Ho-nan province. 

Internal heat; feverish 

2690. A hot swelling ; a hot 
ulcer; a mournful, grieved 
appearance, caused by pain 
or disease. 

Fun-he ] 

vexed and grieved by 

2691. Planks or boards 
belonging to a bed. 

2692. The name of a 
sheep. Choo fun /J^ 
a species of dog. Read 
Pun, A watch dog. 

> 269S. A drum; a large drum. 

2694. Shwae fun |UJj 
the siring of a bow. 

8695. [-] Fun, or Fun-yang 


p- a certain mon- 
strosity of the sheep species. 





2696. Hotslired or minced 
meat; coarse slices of raw 
meat. Read Fe, A great 

quantity of dregs or gravy. 

2697. [-] Exuberance of 
fruit ; plants or trees having 
an abundance of fruit ; fruit 

or seed ; fragrant plants mixed and 
blended. Ma fun HjlM hemp seed. 

2698. A kind of oyster. 
Read Fe, A kind of blubber 

2699. A boar deprived of his 
teeth; a gelded boar. Strong; 

5 a gelded boar. 

2700. A cart or carnage used 
in the army. 

Fun yuen ] ^ military carriage 

for alt eking cities. 
Fun win 1 fe[ a military carriage 

used by the Tartars in former times. 

2701 . A burial place ; a grave 
amongst the hills. 

2702. A drum. 

2703. Fun wan ^ ^ fra- 
grant effluvia. 

2704. Half boiled rice; rice 
thoroughly boiled with steam 

Fun lew | Jjg 


thoroughly done with 


2705. A fish with a long tail 
which has a sting; the mouth 
is below, near its belly ; the 
eyes are on the forehead. 

2706. Name of a bird; a 
water bird. 

2707. Fun, or Fe, A species 
of hemp seed. 

2708. A drum. 

2709. A field rat. 

2710. [-] Fun, or Fun he ] 
|ja rice half boiled or de- 
cocted, previous to adding 
water to distil it. 

2711. To sweep away ; to 
put away filth and dirt. 

2712. [ ' ] Excrementitious 
matter; excrements; ordure; 
filth; manure. To manure; 
to apply manure to the roots of 
plants; to sweep or put away any 
thing that is filthy or superfluous. 
Fun mun kow j pf] P the mouth 
of the anus. 

2713. To put away filth. 

8714. To sweep away dirt. 
To sweep ; to cleanse. 

2715. Name of a river. jjfl| 
1 Shin fun, A spring that 
gushes out of a certain 
mountain. Read [/] To scatter or 
sprinkle water. 

27 1 6. [ - ] To set on fire ; 
to burn. Fun hcang | 
^& to burn incense to 
the gods, or to departed 
spirits. Fun shan lin 
1 pL| ^to bnrn a 
mountain forest. Fun 
teen | ffl to burn the 
weeds of a field. 

2717. From 3S Sun, To 
extend the wiggs, and fly 
up from p-j Teen, A 
field. Impetuous, vehe- 
ment motion or action ; 
to excite ; to rouse, as by 
an earthquake, or by thunder; to 
extend ; to stretch forward to. To 
dash or brush away dust. A surname. 
Fun fei ] ^| to fly with rapidity. 
Fun ke | jjf to rouse one's anger. 

Fun che tih che kwang y fl^J 
Y 4t^ to spread abroad the lustre 
of virtue. Luy chfth te fun^ ,4j 
Wj | when the thunders are ut- 
tered, the earth shakes. 

II . , i .xi- 
j2> [pj n'i 

to advance with an impetuous mind. 

2718. To orer fill abag with 
grain, till it bursts. 






Manuscript. Dictionary, Fung. Canton Dialect, Fung. 


8719. [-] Fung, or Fung 
yung ffi luxuriant 

herbage at once shouting 
forth branches, and striking the roots 
deeper. A fine countenance) plump 

an easy, fine manner. 
a fine countenance. 
a mellow pleasing 

a fine regular gait, or 

Funge || 
Fung tsae \ 

Fung yun 

Fung tsae j 

Fung shin seaou sha ' jjjfjj TO 

a high degree of ease and gaiety. 
Fung t.ze chS y5 

pleasing and decorous manner. 

27SO. Name of one of the 
jjlj Seen genii. Same as 
L Fung. 

3721. Allintrigue and levity 
of conduct, is expressed by 

2722. To hold up, or to re- 
ceive with both hands. Read 
[ x ] To hold as water in 
both hai.ds. 


2723. Luxuriant vegetation. 
Read Hei, The name of a 

2724. To examine with 
the eye. 

2725. The commencement 
of a speech or stanch, 
firm tone and principle 

2726. [ - ] To occur; to 
meet; to clash. To push as horned cattle ; 

to oppose mutually. To pull ; to 

drag. A surname. 

2727. [-] The peak of a hill 
or mountain shooting up 
perpendicularly towards 
heaven, and terminating 
in a point. A peak on 
the top or sldt of a hill or 
mountain, ^f / I Woo laou 
fung, The five old peaks of a moun- 
tain near the Po-yang lake. 

2728. [.] To hold in the 
bauds; or In 1 1 up in a cere- 
monious manner. 

Fung ch5 j tt to hold up. 

Fung lejou y in chung yS j ~f 

^b ^j bearing in both handia cup 

of medicine. 

2729. [-] The top of a tree. 
A beater ; a club. 

2730. [-] A brick pyramid 
three or four feet high, 
hollow and open at top, 
which is filled with com- 
bustibles and set fire to, 
to form a signal by the as- 
cent of smoke. Ho fung 
yew nun tsih fun iff 

cone is ignited when some danger 

2731. A cow ; a wild cow. 

2732. [-] A particular kind 
of spear or lance. 

2733. [-] To meet; to occur; 
to meet or come together 
by moving in opposite direc- 
tions; to oppose. Great; large; 
wide, applied to clothes. Used also 


for the following. A surname. Read 
Pung, The sound of a drum. 

Fung ying she hwan | $1 "JW ' ^ff 
to dance attendance on people of the 
world who possess wealth and influ- 
ence. 8 funp P| I the name of 
the year under certain circumstances. 
Yew-fung ^T the name of a 

Fnngjinpeaouynng j A ^ ^ 
to praise people to those one meets,- 
understood in a good sense. Tso yew 
fungyuen; ] ^ to meet 
a spring on either hand ; denotes 
a well furnished and ready mind. 

Fungcheke ] ^P H. to meelwith 
an intimate friend. 

2734. [.] The point of a 
weapon; of a pencil; of 
the tongue; and so on. 
The Tan of an army ; to 
arise like so many points 
of weapons ; the name of 
a star; the name of a state. A certain 

Fung-le 1 ^lj sharp as a point 
Fung mang ^ finely pointed. 

Hwa fung jft?t a certain orna- 

mented sword. Pe'en cha fung chfih 
$j&^r. 1 'j! ever-changing frauds 
issued forth, numerous as the points 
of pears. Tseen fung Jj|j j or 
Seen fung fa [ e M"i. 

8735. To hold op any thing 
with both hands. 

Fung y? n 1 IJrt large garments ; wide 
plain garments, snch as Coufucius 


2736. A particular kind of 



2737. [-] A bee or wasp. 

Also read Pung. Fung 

chae I |jy the sting of 

/ a bee or wasp. Hwang 

f un ~SJ a was P' 

Meth fung & a 

a honey bee. 

2738. The name of a 
river. Read Pung. Pung- 
ung [ y|| water dash- 
ing and making a noise. 
Pung-pS ] -j^ grieved, 
mournful appearance. 

2739. The divinity of a cer- 
tain hill, said to possess 
great power , able to re- 
move heaven and earth, 

2?40. [ v -] To seam ; to sew ; 
to unite :;s by a seam; a 
seam ; an opening or a- 
perture like a slit seam. A fissure; 
a cleft. 
Fung e xy to make clothes. 

Tsae fiing^U 1 to cut out and 
Fung jin ^J 

dres si>; a Tailor. 
Fun;; seen che sze 

the affairs of scams and threads ; 

needle work. 

one wno 

27l. The ound ofadrumj 
tobcjoined or sewed toge- 
ther. S5 fung -jte ] nun? 
of a plant. 

2742. [ - ] The land or 
territory appropriated to 
nobles and priuces by 
the ancient Emperors of 
China; (he act of ap- 
pointing to those princi- 
palities or dependant 
monarchies. Large ; 
great ; to accumulate 
earth and form a mound ; 
to add earth or mould to; 
to appropriate to one'* 
self. Rich; affluent. Name of ana- 
tion, and of a district. A surname. 
To seal or close, as any letter or do- 
cument; the cover or envelope in 
which a letter is put. > Sh< o tsze 
ylh fung ^ -^ j orYihfung 

shoo 1 W a letter. 

a large species of 


Fung-clie Jl| 

Fung e wang tseS I 

appoint to the rank of king. 
Fung jin 1 A an officer placed on 

the frontier. 

Fung king | ^ to seal and pro- 
hibit approach to, as silver mines, 
and so on. 

FungkwB 1 p] to confer a kingdom 
upon; to give the right of reigninp, 
as the Chinese Emperors profwf <o 
do t> all the kings of the world. 
Fungkaou | ^ or reversed Kaou- 
fung, Honors obt.iii.ed by pur- 
chace from the jovernmcnt in 



behalf of one's parents, or other 
relatives. This is a considerable 
source of revenue to the govern- 

Fung pe 1 { the government seal, 
which is a piece of pnper pasted on 
whatever they claim the controul 
of; as on goods, which are not yet 
passed; boats which they imprest; 
commercial houses which they shut 
up, and so on. 

Fung mun ] ffl to shut a door or 
gate, and seal it by authority. To 
appoint to any high office ; to appoint 
to any title of nobility, during a 
person's life. She ^ is to confer 
honors after death ; this rule is 
however violated. 

2743- Name of a hill, ren- 
dered famous by a fish as- 
cending it, and being con- 
verted to a dragon. 

2T44. Deep mire. 

1 2745. [ - ] A name of bam- 

2746. Fung, Pung, or Pang, 
Shoes of different kinds; 
leather shoes worn by chil- 

274T. The name of a vege- 
table. The root of a cer- 
tain plant. 

2748. [/] Certain skins or 
leather on the side of a 


2749. ['J To receive or 
offer with both hands in 
a formal respectful man- 
ner; to receive or to pre- 
sent to with profound re- 
spect; to give or offer 
up to. A surname. Emoluments 
received by the officers of govern- 
ment ; in this sense the following is 
generally used. 

Fung che 1 jj to receive His Ma- 
jesty's will or pleasure. 

Fnng ching ta foo Jp ~f^ y^ 

title wrilU-n on cards by officers of 
tha fifth rank. 

Fun chih ta foo l|j_ ~k VC a 

title of the second class of officers 
of the fifth rank. 

Fung keaou ] ^ to receive in- 
struction with due respect. 

Fung-shin shang kwei | jjjljj jjj fy 
to be addicted to the worship of 
spiritual beings; that excess in reli- 
gious observances, which some 
Chinese deem superstition. 

Fung ming j fif to "receive orders, 
or the commands of a superior. 

Fungchingjin | ^ ^ to compli- 
ment and natter people. 

2750. ['] The salary granted 
by government to its officers. 

kwan fung, To increase the emolu- 
ments of all the officers of govern- 
ment. FS fung JPjj To 
deduct an officer's pay as a punish- 
ment. ~j^ Che fung, or 
Keih fung, To pay the 


salary. It occurs written without 
man by the side. 
Fung pS J Jj|i a small income. 

Fung 18 1 ||^ the salary received by 

officers of government. 
Fung me j "jfc rations of rice given 

out by the government. 

1\ - 
:tor- fuel money ; govern- 
ment allowances. 

8751. [ ^ ] Appearance of a 
high mouth. Also read 
Pung, which see. 

2752. Appearance of dust 

2753. ['] To offer up with 
both hands ; to contain or 
bold on the hollow of both 

h;mds; to receive with, or in the 

Fung sung 1 |^"| to receive in 

Pro \ 
Fung tub, f g J both hands and 

read or recite respectfully the 
epistle of a friend. 

2754. To die; death. 

2755. Water. 

2756. A military utensil. 
Read Pung, an ornamental 
cover for the sheath of a 



2757. To winnow wheat. 






2758. [ - ] The breath of 
nature is called Fung. 
The wind ; air in motion. 
Custom j usnge; spirit; 
temper; feeling. To 
scatter t>r disperse, as by 
the wind ; to diffuse instruction, or 
affect by example. Haste ; fleetuc-iS. 
The name of an office, of a place; of 
a l)ird; and of a plant. A surname. 
The sex 11 1 appetence amongst 
cuttle. Vulg.irly used for Insanity. 
Kwang fung |J | or Paou fung 
^jf ] a g;ile of wind; a storm; 
a tvphon, which seems derived 
from ^ | Tafung. Kin teen 
fi yew shin mo haou fung chuy 
f| ^j ^ ^ 

1 Bfcl$ at good 
Tiind blows today that has driven 
you hither ? Han fung |=| 1 a 
cold wind. Leang fung /of 1 a 
cool breeze. Wan fung shin shing 

3C 1 $ $& a litcr; "7 spirit 

prevailing much. 

Fungleih j ^ chesnuts; the Tar- 
tars call them 3p- 1* J& M aou 

1f **S* \^ 

le-che, from the down upon them. 
Fung lew j yjfo g! ,i e ty ; blilhsome- 
ness; pleasure; a gay, easy, flowing 

^ spirit, temper or 

Fung ke "j 

Fung kTh j /fX air, spirit ; general 


^t a Cliinese bellows. 

Fun;; seang 1 
Fung uh | {< 
Fung shing ] 

Fung shwiiy 1 
PART n. 

us iges ; customs. 
;< a r -port. 

wind and water; 
c 3 

a kind of geomancy deduced from 
the cliin. te ; the aspect of building's 
doors, graves, and so on. 
Fungshwiiy koo hw& 1 -M $k pU 

' ' t 1*1 1. > L^*> 

befooled by the wind and water 

Fung slnvuy seen sing 1 T|^ -^t- 

/j a professor of the Fung-shwuy 


Fung tnng j ft or Fung-hwa 
ti^ to affect or influence, as 

by the wind; the influence of 

Fung tsang ] ^. a paper kite. 

Fung wan 1 F^^ to hear by report. 
Tung fnngwei chesfihfung ^ 

BH fr- 1 lhe east wind is 

called the valley wind ; those that 
blow from the other points have also 
poetical names. 

2759. The name of a place. 

2760. The nest or dwelling 
of an insect is called Fuug. 
The Chinese express it by 
Chung-shlh jB, -^S the house of an 

-MJ, I-. 

E fuug ^ an ant's 

2761. [- ] The name of a 
wood, ultich has thick leaves 
and delicate branehes, which 
make it wave elegairtly ; af.i.grant 
wood with seeds ;is large a< duck's 
eggs, various wonderful talcs are told 
respecting it. After snow or ho-ir 
frost, its leaf becomes red, from hieh 
circumstance it is ciilkd PJ 1 Tan- 
fungj a resious matter oozes from 

it, which, combining with the brc'l 
neils formed on the trrr, in a thou- 
sand jeurs it becomes amber. 

Fung heang ^ :&. a certain fragrant 
wood which, was planted abundantly 
about an ancient pal.icr. and from 
which circumst.ince it toi>k its name 
Fung shin 1 j& and hence ii now 
used for an imperial residence. 

Fung shoo 1 Ml lhe acer, maple, or 
sycamore tree, according to the 
Gardener in the British Embassy, 
1816. When the Fuug tree 

becomes old, it a-sumn the figure of 
a ra;m, from, which it is called gj | 
Ling fung. 

t2~<62. The wind pasting 
over the tops of trees. Used 
also for the preceding, and 
for (^ Fung, Wiud. A syllable 
used by the Buddha sect. 

8763. The noise of water j 
a very loud noise. Read 
Fan, I Fan-fan, An 

easy, pleasing sound ; sound floating 
in the air. The appearance of 

276 1. To burn; to ignite. 

2765. Fung-moo tfjj- 

the name of an animal, 
(with a t.iil like a monkey) 
which, "hen slightly trnck, die; 
but is re>ived again hy the wind 
blowinj on it. It >- a<!i.imed or 
afraid of human being', anil crouch- 
in; down, >eem< to pe form tdc 
ceremony of the A'6-/ou-; other* is 



no hair excepting a streak about 
an inch broad from the nose to the 

2766. [-J A disease of the 
head; a kind of leprosy; 
applied to thirty-six forms 
of disease; it includes insanity and 
certain forms of the venereal disease. 
Ma-fung jjjt j a spotted leprosy, 
which enters the bones, and is in- 
Fa fang $ 1 to become afflicted 

with leprosy. 

Fungmfih 1 :j the head, or superin- 
tendant of the lazar-house. 

Fung tseth ] )K? the Fung disease 
I V\ 


Fung yuen j jt^ a place supported 
by goverment for the reception of 
lepers ; a lazar-house. Lepers are by 
law and usage banished from society. 

Fung teen | 

Fungkwang ] 

Fung kow [ ;jKfl a mad dog. 

2767. An insect's nest, or 
hole into which it creep. 

9768. [ \ ] To recite ; to 
rehearse in a musical tone. 
Recitative; to teach by 
verse ; to draw comparisons and 
satirize; poignant allusions; satire. 
To spread and affect, as the wind , (o 
proclaim. Tan seaou fung keen 

m$.?z i/ii ' taik and |au g h 

over satirical allusions. 
Fungiung | jjjjj to recite, in a 





tinging tone. Fung refers principally 
to the letters or words; Sung, to the 

Fung tsze 1 SjlJ a poignant satirical 

2769. The name of a place. 

2770. The vessel Tow Q 
crammed full. Large ; 
great; numerous. Abun- 
^fc j~. dant, affluent; rich, in the 

possession of property, or 
of talents and virtue ; 
exuberant vegetation; a flourishing 
state; a plenteous year. The name 
of a place ; the name ofa river ; of a 
district. A man's name. A surname. 
Fung how 1 jip[ abundant ; generous, 
applied to presents and entertain. 

Fung lung j^ the controller of 

Fung mwan -fiSl full ; fulness ; 

applied also to composition, and to 

the human countenance. 
Fung ne'en j ^. a plenteous year. 

Fung shing ^ ^ abundant; plenty; 
affluence; flourishing. 

Fungseih ] ^ a particular kind of 

mat; a plenteous table. 
Fung ting j ^ j,, plenitude to as- 

cend; a year of plenty or of affluence. 

Tu "" JS 1 $3 OT 


are op - 

posites, An increasing flourishing 
state; and a slate of decline. 


W Le. 2771. Urbanity; pro- 
priety. By some mistaken for Sg 
Fung. See the preceding character. 

2/72. Bh fang ||^ 
one of the genii ; an im- 

2773. A large house ca- 
pable of containing much. 

2774. Name of a hill. 

2775. f - ] Name ofa river, 
and ofa district. 

27m [ - ] The seat or 
royal residence of the 
ancient king //" -Lj 
WSn-wang. The name 
of a slate; and of a 
river. A surname. 

2777. Fungiung 
the spirit or controller of 
thunder. The thuuderer. 

8778. A preparation of 
boiled meat, sold about 
the Yellow-river, is call- 
ed Fung. 

2779. [-] Fung. A surname. 
Rt ' ad Fun . A full heart. 
Read Pung, PSng, or Ping, 


To ascend; to lean upon; to sup- 
port, as evidence does. 

2780. [ V ] To return ; to 
cause to go in a 'different 
direction from what is 
wished ; applied to horses that are 
difficult to manage. Used in com- 
mon with y%_ Fan, To reject or 
cast off. 


Fung ken che ma ^fj ~J U^ 
a rostiff, vicious, unruly horse, ap- 
plied also to ungovernable children. 

2781 [ /] A divine bird, 
which appears as a felicitous 
omen, in times of prevailing 
virtue. Being a bird of imagination, 
it is very variously described. The 
name of a district; the name of an 

GAE. 1'JI 

office. A surname. Yaou fung ^ 
1 a crrluin small liird. Ncaou fun; 
I ' I the name of bird, uid to 
resemble the Fung-hwang. 

Fung ma tapu j JM.J Cl) in ''"<' 
on the south-east corner of Core*. 

Funghwang ' j^fung, is the male, 
and Hwang, the female, of the above 
imaginary bird. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Gai and JVgai. Canton Dialect, Oae. 

2782. [ / ] E or Gae. Re- 
presents a pair of sheers. 
To cut herbs i to regulate; 
to put in order; great punish . Com- 
pare with E. 

Tk _ 2783. A certain plant pos- 
sessing caustic qualities, a 
person fifty years of age, so 

named from the hair turning gray. 

Shaou gae fc a beautiful 


2784 An old pig ; a boar. 

2785. [V] Gae, or Ae, A 
tone of slow reply ; a belch- 
ing (tiund, arising from 

repletion, gfl Sin ae, To ask 
with alarm. Ae, yingshing | Ji|I 
C& Ae, is the sound of reply. 
Jf. Tig /H JL tq 1 Yue-tung 

~*7 /*** t r= /Cr I I 1 

jing she, yu6 Ae, In the province of 
Canton, answering in the affirmative 
is expressed by Ae. 

Gae paou shing j ^ ^ gae, is the 
sound of repletion. Also Read He, 
which see. 

2786. Gae or Yae. Dust. 

Fan fung ke 
urh yang sha keae yuS gae, All sand 
(or minute particles) raised and 
spread by the wind, is expressed by fjjj. Chin gae, Dust or 
sandy particles carried into the air. 

2787. Gae or Yae. "jfc 1 
jkt Pub gae shwfiy, Pure 

2788. The female of a 
certain small bird which 
discovers great inge- 
nuity, and which is com- 
monly called J?j Iffi 
Keaou-foo, The artful 

clever woman. 

2789. The colour of the 
sun. A man's name. 

2790. A slave woman , a 
female servant. Read He, 
A mean epithet, applied to 
women. Play or amusement, as in 
comedy; licentious dallying. 

8791. [-] Used as a particle 
of affirmation ; an inter- 
jection or sigh on seeing 
what is amiss, or affairs going wrong ; 
atone used in tongs. Read Hwar, 
A tone of anger and rage. 





79*. Hot ; very hot ; a large 
fire; a raging flame. 

Z793. Some impediment; to 
top or hinder. 

2794. Gae or GTh The 
name of a stone. To spread 
or extend a curtain. 

2195. The vulgar form of 


0J Gae, An impediment ; 

some objection to. 

Gae sze 1 = an impediment to the 
performance of an; affair, or an 
affair which is attended with some 
evil, and in therefore objectionable. 

2796. To impede or flop a 
door Tray with wooden burs. 

2797. [-] Painful feel- 
ing j a wounded mind, 
.COmpauiODi commisera- 
tion; pity; grief ; lament- 
ation, to lament^ lament- 
able, as thee.irly death of 
a parei t, brother, or child. To com- 
passionate; to re r ielj to feel a love 
for, or an ii.terest in. A surname; 
the i.arae of a country. To rhyme, 
read . 
Gae e 1 ln mourning clothes. 

Gae zc urh shah ke hing #[/ ffjj 
jji; ^fc if 7 to feel re^rc t for the 
dead, and t> record their actions. 

Gae kdh 1 
Pci gae i? 

(1 to lament and weep. 
to feel compassion 

Gae lin I jjK or Gae-king 1 ^ 
to commiserate ; to pity. Pflh shing 
gae taou ~7^ ftS j IN3 the highest 
feeling of regret and commiseratiou. 

Gae toze j IL a child bereft of its 

Gae tsae j 4& bow lamentable ! 

Gae tsae, shin ko gae jay \ ny jLJ? 
~fff -Jj^ (expresses) 

worthy of the de< pest regret. ,H. 

J IW ^T I ^ e **'" ko S ac T* 16 
aQ'air is hime.. table. -fff- 1 Ning 

gae, Affected commiseration. 

2798. [ - ] A foolish silly 

appearance, like that of a 
young vthelp, looking dis- 
coiiceited and irresolute. 

2709. [ - ] The white- 
ness of snow or of hoar 
frost. Shwang gae gae 
ff 1 1 the white 
hoar frost. Read E, in 
the same sense. 

1 1- SSOO. To rub against each 
J other, to rub or grind sharp; 
^ a whcUtone. Sharp; acu- 
minated. Read Kae, Strong. 

\\\ ^ 2801. A diseise which in- 
f\ i "**y duces silliness or idiocy. 


t2802. Gae 1 or 1 ^ 
Gae jen, Like as if; appear- 
- ing as if. Gae, or 

pja Gae ya, or reveiscd, Ya gae, 



Shortness of breath ; difficulty of 

Gae tae Jjgvitreou* ; magnifying 
glass. To rhyme, read He. 

2803. The operation of 
/l Jin, or a Benevolent 
mind. To feel attached 
to ; kind feeling ; regard; 
tender compassion ;love; 
the love of pleasure; to 
think on with ardent 
affection , to regret, or be 
sparing of; secret attuch- 
A general compliment to 
superiors is to attribute kindness to 
them. A surname, in the style of 
epitaphs, To hare been sparing or 
parsimonious-, is expressed by Gae. 
Tung gae j. ' to lore even to 
pain, as the tender affection of a 
mother. Ko gae J5J lovely ; 



Gae jin T y^tolovemen; to cherish 

Gae sTh 1 & the love of dissolute 

I > 


Gae seih 1 J'gp to be sparing or ten- 
der of. 

Gae tsew 1 
Gae wflh ] 

the love of wine. 

to feel tender regard 
for all creatures, animate and inani- 

2804. The usual form of the 

2805. Gae, or Ae. Warm air 
or brc: - th - A be!chii, K forth 
disajiprobation; to belch. 


S ' " a vu 'g ar exclama- 
tion expresshe of surprize oran"-cr. 

' 2Ror >- [/] To shade or >b- 
.cure. | | flaognr, 

The dim light of the moon. 
Gan gae |]^ J d u || ljg-b t . obscure as 


Iiii^k 2807 - A certain valuable 
^C stone. 

2808. Clear; pure; white. 

2809. Dull, obscure. Gae- 
tae ] []j|dullness or dim- 
ness ; said chiefly of the 

sun's being clouded. 

-r*TV-, 2810. To screen from the 

2811. [-] Exuberant 
vegetation ; umbrageous ; 
shady ; to cover ; to screen ; 

Gan gae JJ5JJ- fragrant effluvia. 

Gae tuy V'1 luxuriant vegetation 
of plants or trees. 

2812. [\ ] ['] Cloudy; 
dull; obscure; the heavens 

covered with clouds. 

G:l<> tac sWi <lu " ; ol)sc urf; that 
which relieves dimness of sight; 

J^| //. 2813. rVhal? u-Iio ? To 
stop ; to ej-pel. 

SU. [ V ] To cover ; clear j 
pure; small; delicate. 

28 1 5. To die; a delicate 
. word to express death. 
Also rend K8. To lean 
or depend upon. 

281B. [ ^ ] Luxuriant vege- 
^ 5cL lation ; thick and shady ; 
umbrageous ; abundant ; 
luxuriant, in a good sens; 1 . Fine 
person and demeanour. Plenty of 
learned and able men to serve the 
king. A surname. 

Gae keTh J "^ a fine tchol-ir-like 
carriage or deportment; dignified 
and happy appearance; pleasingly 

Gae gae j is the language of 

admiration on seeing fine personable 
men of good address. Dignified ; 
comely; graceful. 

2817. [\] A cloudy 
} appearance; vapours, 


2818. ReadF, or Gae. Rice 

<" other food corrupted and 

]r\ J spoiled. Stinking. The 
name of a cake. 

1 I -~p 2819. Alarmed, apprehensive, 

i ^^^B\" 

|7*/V. to intend. Read Yih, An 
intelligent child. 


2 SO. 



small spccin of mi>uc or 

822. ['] r/1 R, an d Gar. 
False; diinl Iful ; iiinlii .1 
doul't, nr suspicion. To 
rompnre j to determine upon. Syr. 
w ''h ^J E. Ocur, but erroncousl) 
in the sense of ^ E. (.nxuriai I ; - 
bundar.t. Read c, Obstinate stop- 
page ; constipation. R<ad llae. ( r 

f ' :u '' rV" ! l; r "'"' Sl "- v to " li>!i 


823. Name of a wood ; 
impediment; bars which 
shut or close, and so 
impede the passage. Same as the 

2824. [/ ] To impede, lo 
hinder, to oppose; to 
stop, to limit; an impedi- 
ment ; a hindrance. To 
limit or restrain by the 
principles of morality, 
as the sages of antiquity 
did by rules of decorum 
and by music. Read K, 
A certain blue stone. 
Fang-gae -jf}j hin- 

drance or objection to 
acting ; serious conse- 
quences apprehended. 

2825. [f] The outer gate 
shut ; hills impeding a | 
sage. The mind stuffed with 





facU not reduced to order by reflec- 
tion. Read Hae or Kae, Stuffed with 
a collected mass. 

Gae teTh j 3Mf an opposing enemy. 
Gae shan IM dangerous mountains 

which prevent passing on. 

2826. Suh e gae wei die 
gar tsze, woo yay J/J 

commonly employing Gae, for Che- 
gae, (foolish) is erroneous. It is 
however in general use. 

Gacjin 1 f\. a foolish doltish person. 

2827. [1] Gae or Yae. 
Clinging to ; not posses- 
sing; the mind dwelling on 
some illicit attachment. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Can or Ngan. Canton Dialect, Oan. 

^p Kan. 2828. To offer op- 
position to; to seek some end. 


2829. Name of a hill. Er- 
roneously used for Ri Gan, 

A bank or shore. 

2830. [ / j Gan or Kan, 
Rocky appearance of a hill ; 
clean stones, as those over 

which water passes rapidly ; to rub 

stones; to rub silks with a stone. 

Tan gan R reddish stones or 

pebbles; Cinnabar. 

f2S3l. [/] A species of wild 
dog or fox ; according to 
others, its form is like a fox , 
its colour black, and in length it is 
seven or eight cubits; on its forehead 
is a horn, and it can destroy tigers 
and leopards. Applied figuratively 
for a country prison. 

2832. A large face; a broad 
forehead ; a bald head. 

2833. [/] A high shore; the 
bank of a river or canal; a 
high bank and deep water. 
Steps up to a palace ; figuratively, a 
person of eminent talents and virtue; 
nearly the extreme limit of a road ; 
the end of a journey; to exhibit the 
forehead, or a high forehead. The 
name of a person, a country prison. 
Shang gan _fc ] or | ] Tang 
gan, To ascend the bank ; to go on 
shore ; to land ; to disembark. Kwci 
gan ffij- I a man personable and 
valorous, eminent for strength and 
honorable feeling. 
Gan shan I ^ on the bank. 

28S4. [-] Stillness; repose; 
rest; tranquility. To rest 
satisfied in; to remain in 
the sphere allotted one. Fixed : 
settled; safe. How? what? An in- 
terrogative particle. Name of a dis- 
trict. A surname. Chang gan Jj|. I 
long perpetual repose; denotes tin: 

region where the court is situated. 
Ping gan 3i tranquil and com- 
fortable; at peace. 
Gan IS chung 1 ^fi? ffl in the midst 

of case and pleasure. 
Gan fun hp. to rest satisfied in 

one's own sphere or department, 
dan seih heang j ifc Benjamin, 

or Benzoin. 
Gaiiheang j 3t en joy tranquility ; 

to rest in enjoyment of. 
Gan hwuy | -fijY a southern division 
of the province of Keang-nan, which 
is now established into a distinct 
Gan he? ] JjW to rest as from labour; 

to sleep ; to repose. 
Gan keu Ijy to dwell at case and 


Gan 15 kung | J&S ^- a term of 

contempt for a mere man of pleasure. 

Gan-nan kwS j |^ pj Cochin-china. 

Ganjin J ^ title of the wives of 
officers of the sixth rank, 




Gail kc 1 yS a name of tea. 

Gan pin 15 laou j^V sj^> j| j to 

repose in poverty, and take pleasure 

in wisdom and virtue. 
Gan tsin 1 ^| to sleep comfortably. 

2835. Name of a hill. 

2836. [ t ] To place or put 
down; to stop or cause to 
desist; to place the hand 

on, as on a sword ; to act in con- 
formity to; according to; to rub 
with the hand ; to try ; to examine ; 
to hold as the reins of ahorse. E 
show gan wuh y\ . j jtj^J to 
keep a thing from moving by apply- 
ing the hand to it . 
Gan fa 

according to law. 

1 .Y -^ 

' \ 
Can leuh ] ffi ' 

Can poo tsew pan j ^ 

to conform to the step, and to ob- 
serve the streaks, denotes a lucid 
order in composition. 

Can cha sze | ^ jj the criminal 
judge in a province; by right 
entitled -fc^ jfa Ta-laou-yay, 
by courtesy called ^^ J^ Ta-jin. 

Can tang ' 'Ja* lo P ut m pawn. 
i m 

2837. [f] A kind of 
stand, bench, or table; 
an official table, as of a 
magistrate; that which is 
placed on his table ; a case 
in law. Aneating utensil; 
a limit or frontier. To examine and 
verify ; placed in order ; to put in a 
certain position. One says, The name 
of a wood. Kew gan Igi. 1 an old 

case. Kan g.m 3jH to agititc 

anew, or revive a case. Ming gin 
flft* a else of murder. lle'ing 
gan ^ an altar of incense. 

Tiaegan/H~ on the table; on 

record in a public office. Milh gan 
yl^ I a table used in meteorology. 

Gan keen KL a case in law. 

Gan tfih lung ming 1 fcAj -^ [j^j 
a thorough knowledge of all cas^s i< 
possessed here is written over the 
office in public courts, where the 
law proceedings are preserved. Ke 
gan H^ I a bench or table. 

Gan tsing I /rYf^ the circumstances 
i In \ 

Gan yew th J of a legal case. 

2838. A certaiu stream of 

2839. [ t ] Serene clear 
sky, the evening; tranquil; 
a state of peace and order ; 

harmonious, mild, gentle ; benignant ; 
fresh and abundant, or flowing, ap- 
plied to skin garments. A surname. 
Tsaou gan j?j. morning and 

Gan yin 
in history. 

a statesman known 

2840. A kind of cup. 

2841. A cart that carries 
home grain from the field, 
filling all with comfort and 

2842. An herbaceous plant. 

2843 NameofaiiuW. 

2844. [ . ] The uddle of 

a horse. Ma ean EJ?, 

") I 
a horse saddle. 

2845. From ^ Ta, Large 
and rfj Shin, To extend. 
Something spread out as a 

covering. One says, With haste; 
precipitately. A man's name. To 
detain for a -long time; name of a 
state ; the name of a village. 

2846. [\] Vted by the peo- 
ple in the \orthern parts of 
the empire, for the Pronoun 

jin ching wo, yu gan, Northern 
people expressing I or Me, say Can. 
Also read Yc-n, or according to some, 
Ye, Great. 

2847. [\] To contain in tlir 
mouth; to put food into the 
mouth with the hand. It 

is much used in the religious book* 
of Fiih. 

2848. p] Lame; walking m 
a sprawling manner. 

\ 9849. [ - ] A small thatch- 
ed cottage; a round 
cottnge ; a straw hut 
for soldiers. Bead CS, 
Low, pig sty; a small 
monastery for monks or 
nuns, chiefly for women. 



Can, tang, sze, kwan | jg' ^f |'l[ 
are four words applied to houses for 
religion* devotees, BBfwermg to 
Kionastcry, convent, abbey, and 
so on. 

Can leu ' Ijtrmat or straw sheds 

| "llll, 

reared by an army. 
Gan tang I *a" a nunnery. 

-^ f _ 2850. Water ; name of a 

/"* fa^ river ; to remain -Jong in 
"^^ water ; to sleep in water : to 
macerate ; to spoil. The bank of a 
river. Read Yen, To drown. 
Gan lew 1 -t^J to remain long, as 
from home. 

2851. Want of light: (kilncss; 
obscurity; opaque; dark. 

2852. Gan Ian 
exceeding or inundating, 
excess. Read Yfh, Dis- 
ease, half lying down and 
half silting up. Read GS, 

a sal ted 

2853. The selvage at the 
neck or border of a garment. 
Read Yen, Large wide 

garment. Read G5, A.kind.of.bag, 
o carry water for a horse. 

2854. [/] To give to; to 
take, a local word in this 
sense. To tattle, -to slander 

or 'backbite. 

2s.->5. [- J Gan, Yen, or Ye, 
Mesh or lish preserved by 
salt and brine. 

salted meat. 

salted dnck's 

Gan rhoo tow 

pig's head. 
Gan jo w ' \'/, 

Gan >a tan 

2856. Pickled fish, or other 
meat preserved in waited 

2857. Cloudy ; an extensive 
collection of clouds and 

285S. Gan, or Gan shun 
MIL the quail. The Chinese 
suppose that the frog'isin 
Spring transformed to the quail. 

2859. Gan-gan, Fragrant, 

2860. Free and luxuriant 
growth ; abundant vegeta- 

2861. [.] To lose one's 

voice, and be unable to 


l_| speak from grief or exces- 

ive weeping. By some defined, To 
call aloud. In the states ^ Sung 
and %& Tse, A child's weeping inces- 
santly was expressed by Gan. 

2862. A burying place in a 
L? moor or common. To bury 

or inter; it is also expressed 
by :R5 $4:j E gan. It was pointed 
out to the poer to induce them to 
attend to the interment of their re- 

2863. [v] To cover or con- 
ceal with the hand ; to 
screen or shade. Read ' - ' 

To extinguish, or exterminate. Read 
Yen, To reject. .Read Yih, To grasp 
or seize. 

2864. [/] The sun without 
light; the light of the sun 
obscured ; deep as a cavern ; 
sombre; gloomy ; dark : in the dark : 
secretly; unobserved; mentally. 

Gan sluh kwei shin che | ^3T ffl Ml 
I ^" /fci 'In 

W] what is done in a dark room, the 
gods know it. 
Gan hae 1 pq to injure clandestinely. mei [LL dull perception ; dull, 


Gan seang ^B to think unobserv- 

ed ; to think to one's self. 

^ fr_ 2S65. [ - ] Fully acquainted 
*; __ with: skilled or versed in ; 

W \r w to have been long accustom- 
ed to ; to have an extensive know- 
ledge of. To remember; to recite; 
'to sing out in a loud voice. The 
name of an office. Read Tow, To 
relate fully or entirely. 

Gan le'en j $*}! accustomed to; 

Can shuh 1 : 3aL I versed in; ma- 
I /in 

turely and extensively acquainted 

2866. Wild herbs or plants. 

To boil; to boil' fish 

orflcsh - 

2868. fA ] To shut the doir ; 

retired, sombre; deep recess; 

small portion of light; even- 
ing; night. The name of an insect. 
A kind of cottage. 




I .; 

Can jen urh jTh chang flk ffjj pj 
if? the sun shining in a retired 
place; viz. the mind of a good man. 

'i'8G9. Water coming sudden- 
ly, and with great violence. 

2870. Can tsan 
a sorrowful \is;igr; 
mournful look. 

2871. ['J Very black, or dark; 
extremely dark. A man's 

2872. Gan yu | ^g a gale 
of wind; a storm; a violent 
and sudden gust of wind. 

2873. [ - ] Name of a 
bird. Gan shun ] yl! 
the quail. Also other- 
wise written. See above. 

2874. Gan or Yin, Harmo- 
nious clear sounds. 

2875. Gan or Yen, A den 
or cave in the earth. 

g Gan choo king 
ting, To bend the head and listen at 
a cave. 

2876. A rocky hill. 


K 3 

2877. [-]Pile?of rocks; 
rocky hills and prcci- 
picr.i; f;r.i ul, command- 
ing, sublime app-ar- 
auce ; d ingerous, as 
rockj precipitous passe* 
amongst mountains. Gan 
been tui ILn dangerous, 
threatening cal unity. to 
the people, jjw Gan, is 
used for the name of a 
place, and jj| Gan, is 
more generally read Yen, 
meaning Grave, severe, 
stern, dignified; majestic. 
See Yen. 

Ganchung | ^'jp a species 
of black tea. 

2878. A mountain sheep or 

2879. A fine appearance of; 
or the appearance of large 
long teeth. Tsan-gan jg 

the appearance of the teeth. 

28^0. To cover; to screen 
from; to cover ai clouds 
do the sun; the clouds 
covered as by the light of the sun. 
A narrow pass or road is called 
U-l Gan cliung. A large bodied ves- 
sel with anarrow mouth, which causes 

liquids lo cnmr out with a gurgling 
noise. A turning in WBrdf, Tin- mine 
i't '.i |j|n-,i, in.-df .1 bill. Gan Uze 
~fyfa mine of a diiuily 

Gmpe | j{jj|} obscure | mean, laid 
ol one's self 

(If? (ian mih. Tu be >ilent; 


I" siy DOtblOg. 

Can e lireatlini.; strongly in 


Gan mih wei wei fl'f? ptt jlfr- 

expre nothing but ai.swcr by an 
inarticulate sound. These arc Ihr 
definition* of Tsze-hwuy and 5ha- 
mfih. Kang-lie defines it, The noi*e 
made in s'- |i 

^_/^ 2882. [-] Thoroughly ac- 
^ |l quaintecl with; to recite in 
(3^7 1 


a musical tone. A man' 

j?<_ 288S. A thatched or straw 


ff+ * 

2881 - ['] Profound, deep 
Y sombre; dark. Coming sud- 

^J | dcnly as bouncing on one 
in the dark. 

Gan jen Itiy kelh che ' j(k ^ JS[ 
j^suddenly the thunder struck him. 

2885. [ / ] Read Yen, A 
proverbial or common 
saying; abrupt unpo- 
lished speech. Read Gan, 
To blunder, or say some- 
tiling improper. Fan gan 
j|Jjf to boast one's 

self; disrespectful 






Manuscript Dictionary, Gen, or Ngeng. Canton Dialect, Yun. 

S8S6. From cause and he art. 
The heart influenced by 
some cause. To confer be- 
nefit- upon ; to shew kindness to ; to 
exercise love to j to enrich with kind- 
ness; a partiality to. Favor; kind- 
nesses; grace; gracious; benignity; 
benign. Name of a district. A 
surname. Wanj; gin + I or 

Foo gin S to forget favors 

*** * 

received; to be ungrateful. P. ou 
gin i|[ to recompense favors 
received, to be grateful. Tsie tsaou 
che gin ^ $jf ~%_ \ a re- 
creating favor is used by persons 
in the language of gratitude, to 
denote a high sense of favors recived. 

Shin gin jtj|n I divine favor. Teen 

gin ^ Ihe favor of heaven; of- 
ten denotes in the mouths of flat- 
terers Imperial f.ivor. 
Gin gae 1 'jfe? favor and affection. 

Gin ko ^sj. an extra examination 
of the literati, granted by special 
f ivor of the Emperor. 

Gin jiu ^ A a benefactor. 

Gin shang j ^ graci -us rewards. 
Gin teen | JHL grace, favor applied 
to every thing that the Emperor does. 
Gin tth 1 /Ei the virtue of kindness 

and benevolence 

Gin tsih | Sn beneficent acts; 
Ginhwuy 3^J charitable deeds. 

2887. A woman's name. 

2888. To warm meat by a 
slight fire. Read Win, 
W.i rni; a slight geuial 

28S9. The name of a plant, 


2890. Name of a herbaceons 
plant produced in southern 
^ V* t . regions. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Kgang, A'eang, and Yang. These are confounded. Canton Dialect, Gang, and Yong. 

J. 2891. [-] GangorNeang, 

L^j-^ From Head and a Seal of 

office. Used by females for 

the pronoun I. Cj] "j G ing gang, 

Gre it ; how great ; high, dear in price. 

Strenuous effort. Also read Yang. 

| Tsze ging, To exert one's 

Shang tsah yang, tsih hea ko yung, 
When superiors are worthy to be 
looked up to, and depended on, then 
inferiors may be employed or direct- 
ed with authority. 

> 2892. From man, and high, 
To look upwards. To raise 
the head and look upwards 


with expertntion or desire. To look 
up to, either with regard, withadmi- 
riit.on, or with a sense of dependence. 
An expression of affectionate regard. 
To order an inferior. To transmit 
an official document to another 
office. Read Yang, To trust to; 
to rely or wait on. A surname. 





5g 1 Ke yang, To stand looking 
up to; to think on with affection. 

ming, Heretofore thought with 
veneration on your fragrant name ; 
said to persons of whom we have 
heard, on first meeting them. ^K 
| Kcw yang, Long looked up ; I 
have long regarded you. ||Jrj lt|j 
| Han hin gang gang, A slcrn 
and inliniid ting manner. 
Gang chai g ] | to depend on a 
person ; to be depend..! t. 1 Gang, 
and ffi Foo, are oppo itus, To raise 
the head and look up; to bend 
the head and look down. 

Gang moo JJli to look up ; or 

thibk of a person with regard. 

Gang teen rhnng tan ] ^ .|=. $fe 
lookingup to heaven, gavealong sigh. 

Gang wang ] *| to i o ,, k up and 
hope for some benefit ; or to wish to 
see a person who is venerated. 

289S. ['] The name of a 

2894. [ - ] To raise; to 
J* t"^ elevate ; to rise as the sun ; 
I to rise and shine forth; 

raised lofty. Elevated carriage : the 
gait of a fine horse ; high, applied to 
price. Read Yang, The dignified 
course of action of a virtuous man. 
Gang grng tseen le keu j 

EP Bj(jj a horse that carries his head 
without drooping on a journey of a 
thousand le, applied as a compli- 
ment to peopled sons. . 

Gang iHgjy ;m elevated digni- 

fied lone and carriage. She kea 
kaou gang fjn: if?? JGt the 

current price is very hih. Jin 

maou been trancr A jj&I il'it 
b / \ /j/u -p| 

a man of a fine erect carriage, one 
who carries his head high, in a good 

2895. The slanting corner, 
or gable end, of a house 
fitted up in the Chinese 
manner, is called fliK I Fei gang. 

2896. A plant found on the 

margin of pools ; the plant 

otherwise called I 

Chang-poo, A species of A corus cala- 


2897. [-] To raise the eyes 
and look. 

2898. A lofty head ; to carry 
the head erect. 

2809. A certain kind of shoe 
l| | I or sandal is, in the north 
and iu Corea, called 1& 


2900. [ ] Gang-gnnr, The 
appearance of a horse en- 
raged. A fine going hor ;e. 
Read (- ) A horse shaking its head, 
a horse alarmed or frightened.' A 
horse with a white belly. 

2901. The name of a bird. 

890*. Gang or Yiog. From 
Ta, Something great, in the 
midst of Keung, A void s^irr. 
Gang, or dim g gang IJJ j tin- 
middle, the centre of. The half of, 
as the night Exteniive, entirely, if 
expressed by 1 I Gang-gang. We- 
gang ^ J the name' of a palace 
under the Dynasty Han. Read Y ing, 
The appearance of standards; of 
white banners spread out and pro- 
ducing a glittering affect. 

2903. [ - J A term by which 
a woman designates herself 
instead of the pronouns I 
and Me. 


2904. Gang keang Dj; 
unwilling to submit to any 
one ; perverse ; froward ; in- 
subordinate. P3 gang ,!' j the 

2905. [/] Ah earthen ware 
vessel, either used to re- 
gulate music, or to con- 
tain water or wine. Appearance of 
fulness or plenty. The name of a 
door. A surname. 

Gang yii pei | ^jA =j-!p a fulness of 

virtue ; seen even on the back. 
Gangtse j WK the name of a wine. 

2906. Gapg, or Yang The 
sound or tone of replying, 
the sound of running water. 

P|Aj Gang yih, The interrupted 
flow-in;; ofw.ltrr. ^ an g 

y:mg. Interrupted breathing or sob- 
ling from grief. 

200 GANG 

2907. [\] Dust; small earthy 
particle* flying about; sand 
blown by the wind. ^^ 

2908. Gang roang j j6s ob- 
scure or dull light. Read 
Ying, Clear, bright; thcday 

about two o'clock. Applied to the 
light of the sun, moon, or of any 
thing splendid and dazzling. 
Gang seiih 1 ^ the light or dazzl- 
ing effect of snow. 



2909. ApptMMiice nfbeii'i; 
accumulated or he:ipcd to- 
"t-lhrr; a Hail or other 


instrument for threshing grain. 
Head Ying, A certain fruil tree ; a 
species of prune. 

2910. [/] Gang or Yang, 
Early knowledge; intelli- 
gence; knowledge; wisdom. 

To enquire; to ask; to question. 

Sound or voice. 



2911. An e:rlhcn ware vessel. 
Sa.m: as ^ Gang, ^ 
[ Ung gang, Appearance 
of a large swelling aboul the neck. 

2912. [/] A thick specie* 
of liquor or wine. 


Manuscript Dictionary, JVgeng. Canton Dialect, Gdng. 

9913. [f] A hindrance; an 
impediment. The irulgar 
form of the following. 

2914. ['] Stiff; unbending; 
to stiffen; to harden ; hard, 
inflexible, strong, powerful, 
applied also to the mind. Shoo 
kwei sow ging ^- J| ||[ | 

in writing what is valued, use fine 
stiff lines or strokes. 
GSng hwang 1 -p name of a paper 

used in the Tang Dynasty. 
Ging juen j |j^ stiff, supple; hard, 

soft ; domineering, yielding. 
Ging ke juen | t j the strong 
insult the weak. 

GSng sin j fo an inflexible hard 


Ging chS tan 1 ^ IJ^to assume 


2915. Stiff, inflexible leather 
or skin. Same as the preced- 






Manuscript Dictionary, Gao and Ngao. Confounded with Yaou. Canton Dialect, Com. 

5916. Feeble as a new born 
infant, or to die as soon as 
born. Bent or crushed down ; 
deflected ; broken ; calamitous. Read 
Yaon, A crouching wheedling man- 
ner; trying to please; delicate and 
tender ; exuberant foliage. A mau's 

2917. Fear ; apprehension. 

8918. [ / ] To measure. 

\ __^ ' 2919. To apply water to in 
f f*. order to mollify, enrich, 
*S soften, or cleanse; figura- 

tively applied to the mind being ex- 
panded. Soft rich mould, or earth. 
To wash. The name of a spring and of 
a river. One of nine regions. People 
of Canton and Pith-keen used it for 
the rain watering plants. A surname. 
Read Yuh, Free growth; luxuriant 
Tegetation. Keith gaou HJ1 I the 
name of a city. 
Gaou show 1 -~3'- to wash the hands. 

Gaou wo sin jay j ^ j|^\ -^ ex- 
PART ii. r 3 

pand, or give scope to my mind; to 
cheer or exhilarate. 

2920. [/] Name of an her- 
baceous plant. Koo-gaou 
; M- a medicinal plant 

of a bitter taste, used in Keang-nan 
for removing flatulency. Also read 
Yaou, as the name of a plant. 

2921. ['] Uncivil; proud; 
to treat with neglect. To 
brave proudly. )|^j- '[> 

2* \ Tsing sing keaou gaou, 
Proud, haughty disposition. ^ 
it , I Chang ke keaou gaou, 
To nourish his pride. 
Gaou y5, or Ne5 ] j|[ P 1 " 1 and 


Gaou sing ] jWt a proud disposition. 
Gaou man 'n proud and rudely 

2922. [ - t ] To trifle and 
ramble about. Gaou- 
gaou, A tall long appear- 
ance; pleased manner. 
Used for several other 
characters denoting 
Proud; clamorous i rudely inat- 
tentive. The name of an insect 
To roast or burn ; the name of a 
place. A surname. 

2923. Gaou or Haou. Strong ; 
robust; violent. 

2924. Gaou, or Haou. 
Strong; robust; violent 
talents and strength. 


$. -tfj Gaou Uaou pith 
twan shing yay, Gaou. 

tsaou, an interminable 

iia i-r 

incessant noise. /,t M 

Chung kow gaou 
gnou, Every mouth is clamouring 
to be supplied. J^ P | Kea- 
kow gaou, The family has nothing 
to eat 

Gaou gaou tae poo 

an infant crying out, waiting to suck. 

n 1 ^^Sift 1 1 

Hung-ying yu fei gae ming gaou 
gaou, The birds Hung-ying in flying, 
cry out mournfully, Gaou-gaou. 

2926. Proud haughty 
behaviour to; to slight 
or behave rudely to ; to 
trifle or take liberties 




2927. A hill with a num- 
ber of small stones; 
>tony, rocky. Name of a 
hill in Shan-tung. A high 
lofty hill. Appearance of 
being shaken and agi- 

2928. [-] A storehouse or 

2929. A certain lance or 

2930. Proud; haughty; 
honorable by birth. 

2931. To strike; to 
attack ; to shake. 

2932. [ * ] To drag with the 
hand; -to break or sn:ip 
asunder. Read [/] Per- 
verse, contumacious, continued rage, 
like that of incensed lie sts. Szc 
gaou [7LJ I four periods for the 

t I I 

performance of certain duties. 


Gaou keang jjjj) perverse and 


Gaou ki^ ] ^ stiff necked, ob- 

Gaou tsze 1 -! a perverse obstinate 

2933. The light of the sun. 

2934. [ - ] Boats or other 
vessels connected by (heir 
heads ; or a certain piece 

of wood by which they are connected. 

2935. The name of a stream 
of water. 

2936. [-'] To dry or 
roast with fire; to bike. 
Used also for the general 

application of fire to water, to boil; 
to broil. 
Gaou y5 kaou 1 i%fe ^> to decoct 

I ^Tv PJ 

medicine by a slow fire. 
Gaou shwfiy yfc to boil water. 

Shun gaou fe j to broil with the 

application ol Hour and of fat. 
Gaou gaou | I the -tone of grief. 

2337. A certain large species 

of dog. 

2938. A certain ninsicil 
instrument, or jingling stone. 

2939. A certain plant called 
by several other names. 

Gaou ch ^H the noise or voices 
of a multitude. 


Gaou ya 1 ^5- not listening to ; 

mutual disregard or inattention; 

difficult to understand, likeaperson 

who has lost his teeth. 
Gaou sow 1 SJ B old toothless 

I ^^ 


2940. Not to hear, or listen 

2941. [-] The two large claws 
of a crab. Heae yewurh 
gaou pi tsilh ffip /j ' 
f\^ H crabs have two large 
cbws and eight feet. 

2942. A worthless person 
who is a disgrace to his 
ancestors, one who will 
not listen to advice, and 
talks irregularly. Gaou- 
gaou, The noise of inces- 
sant weeping , an angry clamorous 
noise. A large appearance; the 
extreme degree. 

two Iar s eclaws 

of a crab. 

2944. [-] To ramble; to 

Gaou yew ^ to roam ; to wander 
about; to go to a distance. 

2945. The name ofa place. 

29 IS. ['] Burnt earthen 
w:ire ; to burn earthen ware. 
The name of a hill. 





2947. The sound Of [the 

2943. ['] A spirited fine 
horse; a vicious untrac- 
table horse ; proud and re- 
gardless of consequences. 
1 ^S Gaou ke, Proud 
and domineering. 
Gaou wan she Che hwan | fj^ jfr 

"'/' Si pride induces calamity for 
X_ <vw _^ 

ten thousand ages. Tae gaou jg ( 

j sluggish and insolent. 

2949. The large claws of a 
crab; several words are-used 
to denote these. 

2950. To Dress with fire; 
to dry. 

2951. [ y ] The name of a 
/ fish. Same as g Gaou. 

2952. [ t ] An ominous 
bird with a white head and 
red bill. A bird said to 
have a human face. Gaou yth " 
a fish said to resembfc a bird. 

2953. [-] A certain sea mon- 
ster said to carry thePung- 

_!_. i 

lae 5-4s ~xK mountain on its 

back; this mountain is the abode of 
the Seen genii. The Gaou sustains 
the pillars of heaven. 
Gaou tow J gjj the gaou's head is an 

ornament on the outside of the roofs 
of Chinese temples. Tub chen gaou 
tow ^jjj jtj J y|to attain the 
first .degree of literary rank. 

2954. [/] From |^J Keung, 
and -Jfc Tsixe, Vegetables. 

A void space. Dwelling in a 
retired corner; the south west corner. 
Recondite; abstruse. The name of an 
office; accumulated together. Fiv<- 
sacrifices to four points of the com- 
pass, and to the centre place. Name 
ofa hill ; to blend together by boiling. 
Read Twan, The name ofa divinity. 
'Gaou rneaou 1 -hy recondite ; pro- 
found ; apprehended with difficulty ; 

2955. [,'] land near to a shore 
or coast ; land habitable on 
all sides, or square pieces 

of land which is habitable. A bay. 
Read Ynh, in the same sense. 

2956. A common form of 
the preceding. Some write 
the Chinese name of Macao, 

viz. pfj Gaou-inun, with this 

letter. ^[Lt | Kegaou, Kee-ow 
Point. (Ross's Chart.) -^ 
Ta gaou, The island of Lan-tao, or 
Tyho. (Ross's chart.) |JJ| Gaou, 
and IW. Gaou, occur in the sense 
of the preceding. 

2957. A labyrinth ; a maze ; 
a retired place in the south 
east corner of a house; pro- 

2958. Envious ; envy. 

2959. [\ /] Vexed ; indig- 
nant. Avaricioui. 

Gaou h$ii I ^indignation, resent- 

Gaon naou | j^j vexc.l ; impatient 

angry feeling. 

2960. To rub; to grind. 

2961. [ / ] Deep river or 
bay ; a. bank or shore. 

Gaou mun 1 |"J Macao island) or 

rather Peninsula. 
Gaou yae 1 ti| a bank or shore ; a 

mound near to water. 

2962. Pain ; dolour. 

2963. [ 1 ] A certain part 
ofa dress; a short garment. 

2984. Secret conversation. 
^ ITKl Speech or conversation ; to 
announce or tell to. A 
man's name. 

\>l ut>| 2965. The crop, craw, or 
It ' tloroacb of a bird. 


8966. A warm vessel. 

2967. To b entiom of food; 
to dislike if. 

204 Gill 

1 2988. The name of a small 

2969. The name of a bird. 

& 2970. [ - ] Gaou or Heaou. 

From four Mouths and head. 

The breath or voice ascend, 
ing above the head. To make a noise ; 
to vociferate; noise; vociferation , 
noise of a market place. 
Gaou gaou, Self-satisfaction ; self, 
complacency. A complaining tone; 
sighing; reviling, -vilifying others. 
Pits or hollow places in hills are 


called Gaou, The name of a quadru- 
ped ; of a bird said to hare four 
wings; of a river, of a hill, and of a 
country or district. A surname ; 
a man's name. 
Gaou < bin | J|j noisy and dusty. 

2971. [-] To fly or roam 
about ; to spread the 
wings and fly ; to soar ; 
to move about in a sail- 
ing easy manner. 

rn 2972. [ I ] An epithet ap- 
pl' e d to an old woman, a 

designation of a mother. 
ReadWuh ] jfy Wuhnuy, A tat 


little child. Wuh chang I '/^ tne 
spirit of mother earth. 
Gaou tseang tseenjin i raj ~r* 'fiB 
To fly s liling about to the distance 

of a thousand Jin. 


2973. [-] To murder or kill 
entirely; to exterminate; 
an impetuous attack and 
dreadful slaughter. Name of ahilL 
Read Peaou, The aame of a creek. 

2974. Lofty; high headed; 
assuming-; remiss; negli- 
gent; inattentive; proud; 
haughty. A man's name. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Ge or 

Canton Dialect, Gak. 

2975. The small door of a \ 
house; straitened; in diffi- 
culty ; hampered ; cramped; 
wearied out. 

2976. Same as If* Gih, To 
be distressed, to he ill used. 

2977. A large insect in some 
respects resembling a silk 

2978. Gih slh j |& 
laughing talk ; witticisms or 
jesU ; the noise of laughing. 

2979. To seize hold of 
with the hand ; to grasp ; 
to seize, to take hold of 
with the whole hand ; to 
pull. Used also for gOjjGIh, 
A yoke. Jin che gfh wei 
kew Uun ^ ^^ 
\tf\ -il ~^r the circum- 
ference of a man's grasp 
is nine tenths of a cubit. 
Yih wan if[j fl& or Yih 
wan ^ .fan to take a 
person by the wrist, as 
a friend under feelings of sorrow. 

2980. Gih, or YTh, An 
uneven tone of voice; the 
chirping of birds; the 
cackling of fowls; also expressed by 

2981. A very large strong 
pig; five cubits long. 


29S2. A strait; a narrow 
defile; a narrow path, or 
other road dangerous for 
carriages; a pass. In 
straits; embarrassed; 
poor; mean. Chow w.m 
rain che he gth JJJ9 ~ff 

lieve the distresses and 
embarrassments of all the 
people. Gib keung urh 
piih min 1 fl!? rfn ~JT 
I in extreme poverty without 

feeling grief or resentment, on that 


2983. That which is ap- 
plied to the necks of 
horses or oxen to enable 
them to draw; a yoke. 
Kea che e hang gih jjfl 

X_ /A fBh to P llt 

*S fx luul I 

on a restraining or regulating yoke. 

2994. Straitened for food; 
appearance of hunger or 

2985. The lofty summit of 
a mountain standing alone. 

The irregular isolated peaks 
of hills. 


2986. To look or observe, 
to see a .trait, or dilli. 
riillyj to adrert to with 
facility; easily alarmed. 

^ 2987. f rom 

tn.andj^C/if, To walk away and 
' Utten t hence denote, several 
thing, separately. Eac h; every. 


2988. Every one having a 
~fif- se l' a te s try i debate; con- 
CZ troversy; strong language ; 

a bold tone. Reiterated GTh.gIh,,lc. 
notes the same. Instructions or or- 
ders given in a commanding manner 
and tone. A man's name. Also read 
LeS and L. Occurs in the sense of 
EM YS, A bold manly lone. 

989. The space between 
the hair of the scalp and 
the eye brows; the 
forehead; any thing 
placed in front ; an in- 
scription over A door, in ' 
some places called |jSf Sang. Mot to 
desist; incessant. The name of a 
place; a limited or fixed number 
or quantity. Kwan gTh Ifr' ] 
broad forehe d ; a liberal allowance. 
Peea gih j|| j a board with an 

inscription placed over g-it.ri and 

door.. Tsflb gih ] Jj the full 

n umber or quantity. 
Gib .00 ] Ig/j , | iraitc< , Of f|Ir(J 

Gih pae ] ^ to distribute or 

out in fixed quantities, immbrn, or 

rali obi. 
(iiii ke5 ffl the corner, of th* 

forehead, the temple.. 
GTb wae ' ^ beyond, or over thr 
fixed quantity or numb T. 

2990. A lofty |)ak of a 
mountain. TsTh gib >f? 
the tops of mountain, 
appearing single and unconnected 

2991. The name of a nsh 


2992. To laugh. Read 
Woo, To revile; to back- 
bite. Read Kea, Kca-) 
I incorrect speaking. 

2993. An animal^ of the 
uius species. 








Confounded with. Wo and JVo. In the Peking Dialect, Go is sounded wilh a kind of guttural trill of the vice. 
Manuscript Dictionary, Go and JVgo. Canton Dialect, G<x. 

2994. Commonly read flwa, 
denoting Change, mutation, trans- 
formation, renovation. Read 
Go, denoting Wkul is false. 

2995. ['] To rouse, to be 
agitated and roused from 
sleep ; to convert from bad 
to good. False; untrue. Read 
Hwa, Open mouthed j gaping. 


2996. [/J Go, or Yew. To 
interpret; to explain the 
language of men or of birds 
and brutes. To induce; to seduce, 
as birds that are taught to inveigle 
others. To convert or change from 
bad to good; that which is nourished 
by a root which improves its state. 
Rvl Go, or |i J/jjt N'eaou mei, A 
bird like the hank, used to cateh 
other birds. Nea(iU moi, is the com- 
mon term. -jgjr Tso go, To 
be a seducer. 

2997. A hotn. 

299S. To change language 
or speech from its proper 
us?, from truth to false- 

hood. False - r untrue j erroneous ; to 
promulge what is false-; to rouse; 
to excite ; to-move. Nameofabrute 
animal. Name of a serpent. A cer- 
tain kind* of wild-fire. A surname. 

Go cha 3fc to extort money by 
false pretensions, chiefly by pre- 
tending official authority. 

Go. pi-en j|jjn to impose upon; to 
defraud by false stories. 

Go yen I ~j= ] false unfounded tales, 

Go yu I Qpjl whatever they re- 

Go yen go- yu | = | ^S lies and 
unfounded stories. Tsze jin pun go 
jf /V sf\ | this man does not 
tell lies, E go chuen g<> W 
"P|. j to repeat and transmit to 
others the false stories and erroneous 
principles received from one's neigh- 
bours to posterity. Pan sze woo go 

$/t !l* M to do business 

//'I -J^ >n> I 

without intrigue or lies. 


2999. Exceedingly lame; 
q,nite altered from a natural 

3000. To alter the form of; 
to pare away the corners 
and make round. 

3001. Thename of aflsh. 

300?. [Vj Go, or Wo. I; me. 
Our, used with emphatic 
appropriation when speak- 
ing of one's-father, mother, or coun- 
try, or of the reigning dynasty A 
surname. Wo kwo ' [^ our 
country. The Emperor says, Wo 
chaou- j&U m y family, our dy- 
nasty. Ta tung wo fjf) | J0J 1 he 
with me, he and I. Wo wei. jin- she 

joo tsze I ^ A /I $0 J& 
lam this kind of man; my manner 
or temper is so. 

Gomun j jfj we, us. 

Go te\h \ |^J y or mine - 
Go mun teilv 1 jlfj TO ours. 

i 300."). [/] Hasty; momen- 
tary ; appearing to fall. 

Go jin 3/C suddenly. 

Go king ' -jj|j a very short time; a 


Go-lo-sze-keae i 
Russian frontier. 



300*. [/] To recite verses; 
the sound of recitative. 
5* Go she, To recite an 
ode; to read verses in a musical tone. 
.' A Ij^ .Mj Go, kiou yin yav, 
Go to chaunt, or recite aloud. jlA- 
1 Yin go, To recite orchaunt. 


3005. Go, or No-. Appear- 
ance of stony rocky hills,- 

3006. [/] Good. Used under 
the Tsin dynasty for the 
word -tff- Haou, Good. 

Names of several female*. A stir- 
name. Charg g We? the con- 
cubine of the pi-ince 3|L E , mention- 
ed in anciei.t story, who ate the 
medicine which confers immortal ty, 
and was translated to the moon with- 
out dying. Kwa go ^ j 
tain celestial female. Han go 

I a certain famous singing prosti- 

3007. ['] Go-meUshan 
1 IM jljahillmSze- 
chuen Province Go go. 
1 1 or Tso go-jig; | 
high, lofty, applied, to the 
summits of mountains. 

SOUS. Go, or No. To rub. 

3009. A certain river in the 
north of China. 

3010. The appearance of 
certain siona sceptres. 


301K Go-go | [ a )'i 



30f2. Rocky mountains. 

|2 3013. The name of a sacri- 

-J 3014. [ '] A certain plant, 
the young stems of which 
are edible; the leaves are 
fragrant when decocted. 

30 1 5. Full and elegant dress, 
abundance of clothes and 

3016. [ '] To recite in a 
singing I, nc. It is much 
the practice of Chinese 
literati to hum over their 
compositions. At the 
public examinations it 
is found necessary to prohibit this 
when all are asseirbled. A man's 
Go she ^ =j$ to recite verses. Yin 

go \fy to sing grave verse*. 

301 T: Go, or Tsan-go ||f 
t lie silk worm ; the in- 
sect which feeds on the 
mulberry ; an insect, which more 
than others, flies to a candle; other- 
ise c illed jfc ^ Ilo-hwa, and 4*A 
4jr Moo kivaiig. Also read E. 

Go mei fa fine delicately curved 

(; irei yuS | |p the moon in 

her first quarter. 

3018. Even; regular* de- 
flected or brmlin;; mi rmc 
side. Tin- luil or cap awrjr. 

For .-i short period of time. 

3019. ['] Hungry ( hunger; 
waul of food; famine ; to 
fait from necessity. Ke go 

I hunger; famine; the latter 
some deem the stronger word. Too 
go U[^ I stomach hungry. 

Co kwei | fo hungry demons; 
wicked men in that state to which 
the death of the body removes them. 

Go-pr-iou 1 ^ to die of hunger 
on the high way. 

Go k-wci chuy seang 1 \$ W^ , |'f 
a hungry devil p.'aying the flute; a 
certain Chinese torture. 

Go sze- 1 ^ to die of hunger. 

Go leaou yih teen j * ^ 

fasted a whole day. 

3020. Go Ifih j t|| a 
particular kind of horse. 

Po-go {95 a horse 

w* * 

shaking its head. 

3021. ['J A goose, so 
called from carrying it* 
head hi^h and proud- 
ly; it is called by various 
other names. When wild 
it is called Jj^| Yen. A 
particular pus. lion of 
troops. Name of a plant. 
Shaou go jfefc roast 
goose. The Go J and 
the Ya, The goose and 
thi- duck are both said to 
pronounce their own name in their 



usual cry. Bft Yen go, A wild 

goose. (1 I Tsaou go, A do- 
mestic goose. 4i|i Tang go, A 
pelican. The barbarians use Go 
fSh chuy roaon |j^ .^ ^ 
the down of the goose's belly lo 
make clothes and c-verlcls of. 
Go mei I/ j a name of lea. 

Sf22. ['] From the mi- 
nister of a prii'ce mak- 
ing liii botc. To drs'.sl 
from labour; to crasi 1 ; 
to rest; to lie down, to 
sleep. Change or altera- 
tion, siich'as takes place in sleep; the in which one sleeps. Kaou go 

. I to sleep with the pillow 
high ; to set the mind ;,t rest. 

Go ming le j ^J ^|J t o d c ,i j, t from 
projects of fame and gain. 

Go nuy ' 

Go fan-r 1 

a bed chamber. 

C5 ti | 

sleep on. 

a board or bed to 


Manuscript Dictionaries, Go and JVgo. Sometimes JWtfan Gi. Canton Dialect, Q* and Cole, 

_ 3033. Commonly read Ya, or 

L Z7 Go, To colour or wash a wall. 

^ This it said to have been 

the first idea of the character, and 

hence it) usual meaning, Second to ; 

and its denoting the sitne as <L G5, 

One who has nought but specious 

appearances; a vicious person; vice. 

30*4. Go, or Ngo. Earth of 
various colours; white 
earth filtered, it is said to 
make porcelain of; whitewash or 
plaster-for walls; a wall ; a house; an 
unplastered house. To whitewash; 

to plaster or smear. j j3 

"=& U: 1 "" 

"pf yj P^h g 5 . n ^h tsing hwang 

g, White earth; black, blue and 
yellow earth. 

302 &. What is intentionally 
oa <l, is called G5 ; what is not 
designed, is called j^Kwo, 
Mistake, error. Vicious wicked, bad, 
noxious, unpleasant ; bad to do, ap- 

plied to ugly, coarse, filthy. Used 
for what is hard or thick. Read Woo, 
To dislike, to .bate, to be averse to, 
ashamed of; hard or difficult to 
express ; an interrogative, How ? 
where ? Keaou woo ^^ I mutual 
hatred, KowooUJ" I detestable. 
Sew woo ^c ashamed. Woo 

tsae 1 ~fa where ii it ? 

GSchiih 1, jf$ curses. 

GS-e 1 ^^ bad clothes, tattered gar- 

G8jin /^ a wicked bad man. 

GS kwei I &> devils. 

I Xo 

GS shin 1 jjjA wicked spirit*. 
Ga-shth ] ^ bad food. 

GS tselh | ^ unustnlly noxious 
disease; incuralle complaint ; one of 
the seven reasons of divorce. 

GS ts 1 ^ hard ' or Gs wflh 1 
3^ bad or uoxious thing. 

3026. Used for the preceding. 
A vicious wicked man. 

,- 3027. GS. Yin-gS Hi? 

JjlT, An angry appearance ; an- 

^Vj^ grily. ReadYC, ] | YS 
yS, or S J, The voiceof a certain bird. 

3028. A white kiud of valua. 
ble stone. 

3029. Go or Woo, A certain 

3030. G5, or Ne, To 
beat a timbrel or drum 
Cliing tsze-tu- g affirms 
that it is neither to sing 
nor to heat the tim- 
brel, but being com- 
posed of two mouths, denotes two 
persons singin aliernatcly in respon- 
live strains. Lull-shoo also define* 



Leangjin ying ho urli ko jay, Two 
persons singing in alternate responses. 
To strike with alarm. J GS 

gS, Langunge direct to the point. 
Also defined, The appearance of a 
high cap. The side of a sword. 

3031. The name of a fish, 
which resembles a snake. 

I 3032. A sharp sword. 

3033. GS or 8. The teeth 
IA^Z* broken in the mouth. Said 



to be the same as 

_ _* 3034. A high abrupt bank ; 

what resembles a high shore 

or bank. 

3035. Struck with 
surprize or amazement; 
astonishment. Impedi- 
ment ; hindrance ; non- 
, compliance. The two 
Mouths DP So, are by 
some persons joined HO 
thus. GS Jen ] ffit 
surprised; astonished. 

3036. A pit dug on purpose 
to take animals ; to dig a 

3037. The name of a river. 

H. H 3 


3038. The teeth broken ; 
the gum. 




3039. The central parts of 

a blossom. Hwa gu 7l 

| a flower; the central 

and protuberant part of 

the blossom. 

3010. GS go 
Plain, slraight forward 
language ; the language of 
a sincere honest man. \8- 
n8 p^^J as distinguish- 
ed from GS gS, denotes 
the obsequious assent of a 
sychophant. Keen g3 
plain, abrupt 

unceremonious speech. 

. 3041. To meet; to light 
on; to occur; to come 
together; to encounter; 
to meet with, contrary to 
one's inclination; to see 
that which one has no 
desire to see j to be struck will) alarm 
on seeing or meeting with ; to rush 
or bounce against. 

3042. Name of an ancient 
territory ; and of a city. 


g5 I J to discuii in bold lan- 

A limit; a boundary. A 
iurname. Used to denote iiirp 

G8-lo-,7C PP|{ || ^|j fir.t syllable 
also written "j^ Go, Kuv.ia; EH 
KwS, Nation, is omctime added to 
it , and ^ Jin, Man, for Ruwian. 

GSjen I j3/ manifesting externally. 
as rhc feelings, hcn surprized 

3013. The point or edge of 
a sword. Used to denote a 
boundary or limit; repeated 
G8-g8, denotes High, elevated. 

3044. To carry the head 
high, in a grave forrea! 
or stern manner 

3045. A certain bird which 
shews a determined attach- 
ment to a spot; hence GS- 

' JA * rernam immoveably 

in a place. It is also calUd Yu-ying 
ffi Wl the fih eagle ; and tome 

' /ilnj 

other names. 

3046. GS or Yo. Alarm; 
fright ; awe and reverential 
stillness. Simple; sincere. 

The year is sometimes denoted |t 

] TsS-gS. 

GS miing j ^pi alarmed in a dream, 
or frightened by a dream, which 
seems inexplicable. 




3047. A high hank. 

3048. Luxuriant herbage or 
Q foliage. 

A man's name. 

3050. G5 yu ] 

large fish of the lizard 
species which lurks by the 
shore, and devours men 
and animals; the alligator. 


3051. G9, Ne8, or Nee. 
The sprouts which grow 
up from the stumps of 
trees which have been 
cut down. A surname. 

3052. G5, - or H&- A P' 
pearance of the mouth of 
a fish. Fish moving their 
mouths. Appearance of many lish. 
Noise made in laughing, as Ha ! ha ! 
Read Sha, Ssi, Ho, or Ta, To suck 
and drink. Noise made in eating or 
drinking. Read Hea, Mobamedan 
surname. A kingdom of the Toorks. 


(Be Guignes.) }^ P fft E 
kow shi yin, To sup or suck in with 
the mouth as. in drinking; to make 
a noise with the mouth when drink- 

ing- flJJ JP fj Xfc it % \ 

~fc -j Na ho-shang tsow tsin 
lae, nil hS, ta seaou, The priest came 
walking in, ha! ha! laughing aloud. 

fT ^ Ta ^ ea se ^' 1 ' To Ras P or 

yawn. The books of Fuh read it Hea 

or Ah. Lfih-shoo, reads it Kea, To 
suck in largely. -4- Hea tsze, 

The attendants of the Emperor. (MS. 


3053. G3, or S. To slop ; to 

cause to desist ; to cut off or 
terminate, to reach or extend 

to. Used to denote Settling down, 

with the hand. 


On', as in //OK-. Manuscript Dictionaries, Geu, or Jfgeu, Canton Dialect, Otii or Goo:. 

SO j4. [ - ] From Pin, denot- 
ing Many, in the midst of 
He, To conceal. ]il ~g 

Fan yen gow chay, keae yew so tsang 
yay, Whenever Gow is used, a place 
to house, store up, or conce;il some- 
thing, ; s implied. A place in which 
to store or lay up. A smaH house or 
room ; to class, or separate ; a separat- 
ing line or boundary. Ten valuable 
tones. I Keu keu, Small ; 

trifling; petty. A certain measure; 
to conceal, or hide ; a.surname. Read 
Kow, Bent ; curved ; to grow, or 
sprout out, in a bent or curling man- 
ner. |7tj J3 3ff I Sze tow wei 
gow, Four tow make a Gow. ^jj| 
] I'u gow, To hide; concealment. 

l5^T tt Kow min S l *> Ciirling 
I ' j ^J-* 

bent forth. 

3055. Gow, or Kow. 
/^ * 
m\\ Kow tow, To pick, out 

with a sharp instrument. 

3056. [-] The sinews or ten- 
dons of the feet. 

3057. [\] Gow, or Yew. To 
De pleased; to sing; the 
prattle of children. The 
name of a river. Read lieu, To use 
pleasing language ; to sooth ; to 
commiserate. Read Choo, An 
angry voice. Read Cow, or Hei'i, 
To vomit. pCg | '%_ Ne gow- 
che, Sooth and softeu him. ^Jj 





-jf | JIJ Ko gow taou cluing, To sin:; 
in the midst of the road. j t ,:{- 
|" Yen yu lieu-lien, Language 
soothing and condoling, or com- 
misery. ] jfa.ftffifljt 
Heu.yu ho yuS maou.Heu-yu denotes 
Concord and satisfaction ; cordiality 
and being well pleased, j J)|^ r? 
-V H L .U yu show che, Received him, 
or it, -with cordiality and pleasure. 

Gow heue 1 jf[l to spit or vomit 

Gow too ] flj^ t vomit; to spit out 
of the mouth. 

3058. An accumulation, 
or hillock of sand. One 
says, A tomb. 


3059. A mother; an old 
woman; to nourish, applied 
to nature, under the idea of 
a mother. A man's name; the name 
of a hill. Teen heu fow urh te gow 

heaven overspreads with a genial 
influence, and earth nourishes natural 

3060 A house or habitation 
of foreigners. 

3061. Extremely hot, 
applied to the time in 
which sacrifices were 
usually offered. 

3062. Commonly read Choo, 
*? A hinge. Read Gow, To 
twist and distress the mind. 

__ -, 3063. [ ' I f apjily 


\I*"L w;iter to for a long tini", to 

\J I ^^ ^^ 

t l_aw sleep; to soak ; to macerate; 

to soften hv steeping. Fngrant. 
Gow Ian 1 iffiS to macerate; to soak 

till a tiling fills to pieces. 
Gowm,i I Hi to steep or soak hemp. 

Gowjow 2J to often by steeping. 

Gow yQh | ^S a very fragrant 

_. | 3064. [ - ] A rising from 

ipt /*y 

I nrv the stoimch ; to spit out ; 


^~ m '/ V. to vomit; thenoiseof vomit- 
ing, A kind of insect which resem- 
bles the silk worm A surname; 
the name of a river. An execution- 
er's sword. 

Gow-gow 1 I noise as in vomiting. 

Gow see 1 1 ^|{r to vomit and purge. 

Gow taou ~Tj an executioner's 

Gowyang 1 |{&i surname. 

3065. [ - ] A kind of bib 
to receive or wipe away 
the spittle or slaver of 
children ; commonly called 
P fa ] Ko>v-shwuy- 

3066. [ \ ] A kind of club 
or bludgeon; to strike or 
beat with a stick or cudgel. 
It is used for fighting with the fists : 
also, Tow gow ||lj to fight 

and wrangle, as people 'lo in the 

Gow shang che ming | ^ ^ fo 
to wound a person mortally as in a 

Gow pc I 
(Tow ilit 1 
Gow ta 

Gow kcih 

to beat to death. 

' lo kill a person whi-n 

|| | to 
j " 

beat with 
"licks to fight 

and squabble with sticks. 

Gow shang 

to wound in a- 

306T. A bullock. 

3068. [-] A small earthen basin; 
a cup ; a deep one of the kind. 
A surname. Pwan gow ^\* 
half a cup. Kin gow ^J^ 
a golden cup. Se gow j?t| 
the name of a place. 
Gow low 1 ^ a high confined coun- 
try filled with reeds or bamboo 

3069. A deep sunken eye. 
Read Keu, The eye wan- 

3070. A certain bamboo- 
utensil, used in rearing the 
silk worm. 

3071. A certain plant. Also 
read lieu, To nourish. 

h- 3072. A small species of 
silk worm. 

^ _^ 2073. [ - ] To recite or sing 

^ \ftfi verses ; to sing song*. l"l 

a I Ml* 

L ~i aho to denote To nourish 





> f to sing song. 

SOU. Old fat or lard; to 
lull soak skin in lard. 

3075. Gow how ^)jj 
^i mil a certain large ring for pull- 

" ing open a gate. 

3076. A kind of leather 
|UU sheath for a spear. 

3077. [ - ] A certain water 
fowl. A surname. 

Gow loo 1 ^y a certain water bird. 

3078. An imageof wood, in 
the sense. of the following. 
In Us, other senses, reijd .Yu. 

3079 [V] A carved image 
of a 'human being. Two or 
a pair; an even number; of 
the same company or class of 
persons; to accord with; to har- 

monise. To p:n'r; to anite ; onion; 
to occur; to h:ippen accidentally. 
A surname, "fa I M8h gow, A 
wooden image. -j- j Too gow, 
An earthen image. |7C ' Pelh 
gow, To pair; to unite in marriage; 
a pair; husband and wife. PW 
Pei gow, and /CT 1 HS gow, also 
express To unite 4n pairs. 

_ A 

Gow seang j 1S an image, an idol. 

Gowjin I y^ a statue. 

Gow jen j ^jaccidently; by chance. 

|k 3080. Gow or Yung. 

Otpf^ I 

l"!^ Gow, or fltu Yen yung, 

The mouth of a fish seen out 
of the water, the gaping appearance 
of a fish respiring. 7}^ j^j pjj 
$} 1 Shwiiy chdh tsfh yu Gow, 
When the water is muddy, then the 
fish thrust their mouths above the 

3081. An earthen ware bowl 
or basin. , 

yf| 3082. [ '] To plough in 
pairs; two men working 
I ^ together; two men joined on 

any occasion ; a pair; to pair; to put 
two together. To occur; te meet. 
To pervade all nature. The name 
nf a place, a man's name ; a surname. 
Gow king- 1 TU two persons plough- 
ing together an allusion to 
two eminent persons mentioned in 
history, who would not leave 
country life for offices in the state. 

3083. [' ] Name of a water 
plant. Name of a place. 

Gow sze | M threads of the Gow 

3084. The front part of the 
shoulder ; the bones on the 
front of the shoulders. 

3085. [-] Irregular dis- 
torted teeth. 


AE as igh in High. Manuscript Dictionary, Hal. Canton Dialect, Hoe, like the English word Hoy. 

3- 3086. Kae. Herbs growing in 
confusion; any thing in a -scattered 
confused stale. 

3087. To pull and drug 
mutually with a design to 
ifjiire. The name of a pavi- 
lion. Read Ke'e, in the same sense. 

3088. ['] To injure; to 
hurt; to be injurious or 
hurlful ; calamitous ; 
detrimental; the effect 
produced on the rnind 
by injuries or calamities. 
Reid 5, or H3, as an interrogative 
particle. Who .' what ? why ? Le hae 

^|J adfantageoiis anil hurtful, 

are used as opposites; when taken 
together (hey denote Sharp and 
injurious; formidable; severe, 
Shang hae fa j to wound and 
hurt; toil jure. Fang hae -Hj 
to cause some detriment. 
Hae kc j p^ to injure one's self. 


Hae chung St to injure many 

persons; lo injure peoj-le gin'Ti'lv. 

Hae piih ts en 1 ~X^ vS no slight 

I * *-^W 

Hae sze jin ZT> l\ to irjure a 

person so as to cause death, 
Hae jin A lo injure another 


3069. Hae.orllea. To open 
the moii'h very wide: to 
g.'re. One says Sound, noisr. 

3090. [ I ] Discontented ; 

3091. [ / ] The hcarl wound- 
ed or dissatisfied; quiik; 

3092. A strong smell; fra- 
grant effluvia. 

~~ "* W ~ 

^ __ 3093. [ / ] The last of the 
fi twelve horary characters. 

s^^ TF Chirp h- e, Ten 

^ w 11^ | f> 

o'clock at night. ^ Ke on 
hae, Nine o'clock at night. Also, 
read Kae. 1 m" Kae she, A 
market held on a particular d ly. 
Hae she j [] or Hae kill | 3Jf|j 
from nine to eleven o'clock at night. 
Hae yue j J^ the tenth moon. A 

094. Hae, or Kae, Unusual; 
uncoil, u <m. The same is 
expressed by pV" Ke 

kae, and j -=lf Kae sze. 

J095. p] H:e, or HTh. To 
examine into; to prosecute 
a guilty peison; lo scru- 

fART II. 1 3 


lii.i/c; to search to the holtom; 

assiduous effort; toaccuse. 

li'ili shih, To scrutinize and obtain 

the real fact. ^K U i'J" Kaou 

>/ I -S \ ^\. 

h h ke shth, To examine fully into 
the f ct. & Tsan Jrih, To 

state the faults or crimes of an equal 
to a superior; to accuse a fellow 
officer to the Emperor, ijm 
Tan hih, or fy Can hlh, To 
conlroul or keep i n order ai.d 

S096. The laughing of 
an infant; an infant j a 
child. Read Kae, or Kih, 
To cough. fiB ~~- Bfl | 

T$* 7$ 7^ -t| Hae-ying yen ying 
urh choo che sjaou chay, Hae-ying, 
express an infant that first knows 
how to laugh. 



che yew show, hae urh ming che, The 
father took hold of the child's right 
hand, and named it Ha-', from the 
sound of!ts laugh. |riJ 1 Tehae, 
To sneeze and helch. 
Hae too J |^ to be!c!i and spit. 

3097. A child that may be 
taken up into tlte arm, 
children generally ; boys 
.^.^ . andgirls;a chi'd lau^hipg 

JPX^^ The insect species. To 
~* S I ' take in the arms aiid hold 
below the Chin, as when a father 
names a child. 

Hae chth 1 ^K an infant ; a child. 
Haechurg j ^ the insect species ; 

Hae urh keen sMh J 

tin- kaowledge of a child; knu*!edge 

which duet not exctd that of a 

Hue tc che tung ] $T 

a child is carried or led. 
Hacts/e ] ^- or Scaou l, ae tze /J v 

] -^ a child ( used for children 


cite ; to shake , to carry. 

SOflO. Thensmcofadiyii.e 
pcnoQ ; to arise. 

IOO. To walk or go. 

3101. ['] Togo with haste; 
to go rapidly. 

3102. The parts about or 
below the chin ; to embrace 
and hold up towards thr 

chin, as an infant is held up. 

3103. Wheat; or lumps found 
amongst boiled rice. 

3104. Nature's lake, which 
receives all rivers. Theiia; 
f U^* an arm of the sea. The 
name of a district. Sze hae JTEj 
the four seas, supposed to surround 
the world; hence all within the four 
seas denotes all the world. Teen hae 
^? J the of certain stars. 

Ldh hae jf^e ] denotes fertile; rich 
in natural productions. 




ChQh hae ||j to go to sea. 

Kwo hae ^f3i I to pass over the 

Hae lung hung jjj jl a species 
of rose. 

Hae leang wan h.-m ] j|[ ^j$j 
the ilimensions and capacity of the 
tea are vast ; applied to a person's 
liberal forbearance. 

Han kwan 1 fill a custom house at a 
port where foreign commerce is car- 
ried on , the commissioners of cus- 
toms placed there. 

Hae kwflh teen kung ] jfgj ^ JfjC 
the sea is broad, and the firmament a 
void space; applied to a person's 

Hae lo tgS sea mule ; the beaver. 

H e lo pe bearer ikio. 

Hae shay 1^ a ki id of blubber 

fish ; otherwise called JVt fjf Shwiiy 

II le choo sze ' -We , I- fort on an 
islet, commonly called the Dutch 

Hae ch:mg sze | Nmj op a spa- 
cious temple situated opposite to the 
European factories at Canton ; com. 
nionly called Ho-nan Jos house. 

Hae taou 


Hae tsih E 

I '\- . 

Hae king yu I $=1 W the- mono- 
" i y^y * > j k 

culus or king crab; otherwise called 
/Yf [fli- ^3 Shaou yang-yu. 
Hae yen [ gfj} seasa |t. 

3 1 05. To roast or broil . 

3106. A -vessel to contain 


3107. A wooden vessel lo 
contain wine. 

3108. [ r ] Minced meat 
^ft preserved in some liquor. 

3109. To laugh; to smile 
or laugh as a child. 

3110. [ '] Generally pre- 
vailing distemper or ^eiti- 


Manuscript Dictionary, Han. Canton Dialect, Hoan. 

Kan, To oppose to in 
ewter to shield or fend off. 


3112. [ - ] The overhang- 
ing side of a hill ; a 
rocky projecting preci- 
pice or bank of a river, 
cap-ible of affording shel- 
ter or a dwelling for 
human beings. 

3113. The name of a hill; 
used also to denote a bank 
that fends off water. 

j 31H. To fend off with the 

T 1 hand ; to shield ; to oppose ; 
J to de-sisl; lobe keptoll'or 

prevented advancing; a clothing or 
defence for the arm ; a shield. 
Han Mh 1 )fcX stopped, impeded, not 
permeable. To stop, to defend. 

Han kih nan tung 

to strive to effect a p-issage through, 
but to find it impracticable, orex- 
tremely difficult. 

3115. ['] A want of rain, 
drought. The name of a 
hill. Teen ban 9r I 
the heavens not giving rain. Tahan 
che how peih jew ta yu -jc ~~T 

tfk. ^ 'W ft. nR al ^ ter a i?reat 

di ought there must bt a heavy rain. 


3116. To oppose wilh a 
bow and arrow. The 
mime of a district. 

3117. Han, or Kan, The 
evening. Kan-kiin, or Han- 
han, Abounding, said in re- 
ference to light; resplendant. 

3118. [- ] Ardent disposi- 
tion) strength, energy, or 
violence of disposition ; 
fierce, boisterous. 

Han keih | ^ hasty, precipita- 
tion; fierce, ardent. 

Ho pclhjoo tsze han keih fpj' /j& "ftfl 
IJV ~3- what occasion is there 
to be so fierce about it. 

Han too 1 ml strong feeling of envy. 

3' 19. [ t ] To grnsp with 
the hand, to lift up ; to 
' shake; to stop; to drive 
away, or ward off, to 

Han kin { 2^E to stop or prohibit 

Han wei 1 ^f to surround and shield; 

to ward off. 

Tsee han ^ ] | to manage and 
Teaou han IMfr 1 J ward off evils, 

applied to the people. 
Kan ti hw..n j 4^ f^ to ward off 

great calamities, said of statesmen. 

3120. [* ] To dry with fire; 
" I * dried up by fire. 


> 3121. [/] Perspiration; 

> T I " sweat. The name of MMM 
j I aici'Tit districts. Chiili 

han f|j Fi han $?| I to 

perspire. 1'wan-h in y^ri | or Han- 
han, Appearance of a boundless ex- 
panse without a shore. Hiiou han vjj'j 
I dazzling showy effect of various 
colours, jljjl.j Lan-han, A long 

appearance. Chin han 1& | name 

&~\ \ 

of a medicine. Ko-han Dj I the 
Persian and Tartar word K'han. 

W3I22. Name of a pivilion, 
otherwise written fjUj te. 

312S. Han-han, Water flow- 
ing with rapidity ; dry or 

3124. [\ ] Unfrequent;rare. 
~f_ A certain flag; a net to take 

birds, a net for rabbits. The 
name of a place ; a surname. 
Han chay j JlT a certain star. 
Han keen j J|^ rarely seen. 
Han yew j /j" seldom occurs. 

3125. Water; the name of 
a stream. 




Han-gan V^ steeped or soaked 

I /Jas 

with water. 

3126. [ - ] A piece of 
armour to shield the 
arm. Solder. Hattys j 
*th a mineral com- 


position used in soldering 

or joining togithcr other 
metals. Read Kan, A certain utensil ; 

Haste; hurry. Ta bin J f to 

8127. [/] A door; gate or 
\i '"gc; a lane or branch 
of a village; a kind of wall ; 
to shut or close. 

, SV23. ['] A horse boltin; 
out suddenly. A surname ; 
name of certain foreigner*. 

SI 99. Han-ts ^JP,- " 

certam bird said to possesi 

( S130. [ /] Breathing in sleep; 
snoring; to snore. 

3131. The teeth exposed; 
the teeth appealing between 
the lips. Tsan han $| 
irregular teeth. 

9132. [ \ -] A wall or railing 
around the mouth of a well. 
Name of a kind of gallery. 

Used to express, Ruling or directing. 

Read Kan, The trunk of a tree; a 

capability for business 

3133. [ V / ] From Van 
in a Jtlortar. The anci. 
ents made holes in the 
ground to use as mortars. 
To contain; to infold; 
to comprehend; the lower 
part of the mouth within 
side; the envelope of a 
J letter, a letter. Armour. 
A surname. 3S j Shoo han. A 
letter. lp ] Hwa han, or j^js 
I Yaou han, Elegant letter, applied 




to the letter of a correspondent in 
the language of compliment. "Pa 
Twin han, Your honor's letter. 

Han ktih 1 4& the name of a certain 
borer or awl. 

Han yung j ;g to contain ; capncity 
to coatain. Used also to denote 
An enlarged and liberal mind; pa- 
tiently bearing with. 

Han j in ] y^ a maker of armour. 

j >J/ 3134. [-] Hanhoo 1 ttH 
|jf -| the voice of anger. 


S135. A cloth used to stop 
the ears. 

3136. [-] Water -entering 
into a boat or other vessel. 

3137. A wooden bowl or 
such like utensil for con- 
taining liquids. 

3138. f-] Water entering 
_ _ ._ into a boat ; to steep or sor.k 
in water. To contain ; of 

vast containing capncity. 
Han yang shin chin ^ V^ ^ 

to contain; to cherish and to sink 
Han yung she tae jin te yTh fi | ^ 

ed liberality is the best way to treat 

ir.nyiirg 1 *g to contain or afford 
room to ; enlarged and liberal. 

3139. [\] A bud not yet 

3140. [- ] The parts 
below the month ; the 
chin. Some say, The 

3141. Cold ; intense cold. 

3142. A kind of a napkin or 
cloth thiil comes roui d the 
ear. Han to 1 ^ a sleeve. 

3143. The chin. 

3144. [ 1 ' ] To hold in 
*. the mouth; to contain; to 
r ' restrain ; endure. Paou han 
^ to envelop and contain. 

H:m han j j wheat growing rank 
and thiik. Thick, indistinct utter- 

ance, or an intentionil obscure and 

partial statement. Read Han, Gems 

placed in the mouth of a corpse at 

the time of interment, said to have 

been an ancient custom. 
Han chuh J ^ to bear in the mind, 

to cherish. 
Han s?aou hwa ^ ^ the sup- 

pressed smile name of a flower, the 

Magnolia fuscala. 

Han jin 1 4jJ N to bear or forubear. 
Han heiie pun jin seen woo ke kow 

he who spurts blood at a person^ will 
first defile his own mouth. 

Han noo 3PC to restrain one' 

I /Ui> 


Ilanseaou * jL to repress a laugh, 
to smile. 

Han sew | ^ t o fee! ash-iraed. 
Han luy chang tan jjLl )=. ^jj* 

restrained the falling tear and sighed 

Han seiou plh yen ^- A\ g" 

smiled ard said nothing. 
Hin yung j ^ to co -tiin or ifford 

room to with inside of; to endure or 

put up with, from generous feelings. 

3145. [ /- ] To put into 
the with the ha, id; 
to hold or contain in th; 
mouth. An erroneous 
form of [ref Gan, see 

3146. A woman's name. 

3117. A large vacant space 
between two hills ; a deep 

C\^ 3148. Remiss; negligent; 
loose ; careless. 

3149. A suppressed smile 
or laugh. One gays, To 
covet ; to desire. 

3150. [ t ] Water blended 
with mire or mud; mire; 
rnud; mii-y. Name of a 

plice. Used also to denotj To 




3151. Pearls and precious 
stones. Used to denote Con- 
taining in the mouth. 

. %- 3152. An opening bud; a 
^^^V bud seeming desirous to 
open and blossom. 

3153. Name of a certain 
poisonous insect. 

3154. Han, or Han-han, 
Fragrant; odoriferous. 

3155. [ \] To contain, as 
the space formed by the 
upper and lower jaws. The 

jaws; the chin; also expressed by 
K I Hea han ; and vulgarly called 
Hea-pa. Hea han tse'en K 
^^ a sharp pointed chin is a bad 
omen in physiognomy. 

Han hea choo "T Jjt the pearl 

below the chin ; has a reference to 
legendary tales respecting the dragon. 

3156. Han, or Keen. The 
whole number ; completely ; 
totally; all; all together; 

all around ; extending to every place. 
Hastily. Name of one of the -Pp 
Kwa. The name of an instrument of 
music; the name of a place; the 
name of a star. A surname. pV 

Han kew, A mountain higher on 
the left side, than on the opposite 
side. Read Keen, in the senses of 
Wi ^ en> an d it)* Keen. The name 
of a river; a surname. To rhyme, 
read Ying. ~jfc 1 PQh han, Not 


according, or associating with others. 
/J/ -f^ I JjE Shaou, chang, han 
tscth, Young and old all assembled. 

H Han e, All suitable, or ac- 
cording with. 

Han che J 'rtn name of a divinity; 
of a medicine ; and of a star. 

3157. p] A loud calling 
out; to vociferate; to cry 
out; to call after -, to call 

to ; to call out angrily. Read Keen, 
in the sense of M?' Keen, An obsti- 
nate refusal to express one's thoughts. 
jl& UK t Leen han shoo 

shing, Called out several times. 
P-i|- I Keaou-han, or reversed, Han 
keaou, To vociferate; to cry out. 
/v )f=f tt^J" ' Ta shing keaou 
han, To call out with a loud voice. 

3158. Union; harmony; 
concord; sincere; promot- 
ing union; cordiality; to 

cause to smile; to excite. Name of 
a musical instrument. Che han, kan 

of sincerity move or influence the 

S159. The noise of a cart or 
other wheeled vehicle. 

3160. Han, or Kan. The 
name of a fish. 

Name of a certain 

\\ 3 ' 62. Head Han, To move i 
/3J^ to shake ; to rouv ; indi;;- 
^Vy^\ nation; indignant. Com- 
monly read Kan, To cxrilr. 

:l 1 63. The voice or rr . 
an y Animal. Head Kan, 
The voice of a bird. Read 
Can, May, can. Read Kan, The 

x:\n\t- us \\hjj Han, To cry out; I" 
call to. 

SI 64. [f] To feel indig- 
""''on or resentment to- 
wards; to feel regret for; 
indignant with onc'i self or others. 
Chung shin han hin $ ^ 1 to 
or Paou han chung shin ffcj ] 
jj$ J^ to feel regret all one's life 
as for being absent at the death of a 

Han han j ^ indignation or deep 

3165. [\ ] To move; to 
shake; to excite. Vsod 
in the same sense as 

3166. Flying; the appearance 
of flying. 

SI 67. To move or shake the 
head; lean, not having 
enough to satiate the ape- 
tite ; a vacant sallow countenance. 

3163. Not satiate J with 

218 HAN 

3169. Read Hnn, Generous 
wine; mature. Commonly 
read Kan, Sweet. 

3170. The breath rising. A 
particle implying doubt ; 
perhaps; or; uncertain. 

3171. [ v ] A watery ap- 
pearance; filled full. Read 
Kan, The water in which 
rice has been washed; hence j 
7J^ 7k. Kan me shwuy, The thick 
water left by rice washed and steep- 
ed in it. 

3172. [-] Name of a certain 

3173. [-] Elevated with 
wine ; chearful ; merry ; the 
pleasures of wine, not over- 
powered or rendered sottish by it. 
Some say, To drink deeply. 
Han chang | fuBf chearful by the 

influence of'wine. 

Han ko | |jftto sing when exhi- 
larated with wine. 

w 3174. Name of an ancient 

Jl \ p' ace ; name of a river. Oc- 
curs denoting Plenty, abun- 

3175. A local particle denot- 
ing uncertainty, or a change 
of the idea ; perhaps ; or. 

3176. Han, or He'en, To 
appear to proceed or ad- 
vance. Elevated, lofty. 



3177. Simple; foolish; silly; 
rather idiotical. 

A bribe. Hwuy han 
some consideration 
given to induce a departure 
from rectitude. 

3179. p ] The roaring of 
a tiger. Read Hiien, A 
fierce enraged animal. 
The second character is a 
vulgar form. It properly 
means To peep, to spy. 

3180. A surname. 

3181. An old womanish ap- 
pearance ; anger. Read Jen, 
Respect ; respectful. 

3182. [1 /] Todry ; dryr 
ing; dried; caloric, or 
that in nature which pro- 
duces a drying effect. 

3183. [I] The name of a river; 
the milky way. The name 
of a dynasty famous in 
Chinese history. Name of a place 
in Sze-chuen. Read Tan, The year 
under certain circumstances. Haou- 
han tsze ^ j ^- a good son of 
Han ; a fine stout man. Pwan han ^ji 

| denotes Form ; figure. 
Han chung 1 til the name of an an- 
cient principality ; now the name of 
a Foo district 


Han kow ] Q the mine of a part of 
the river Yang-tsze-keang, in IIoo- 
kwang Province. 

Han keen ] E!l day light, in the dia- 
lect of Corea. 

Han ken n {? the Chinese array, 
which joined the Tartars in the con- 
quest of China ; and whose descen- 
dants, like those of the Tartars them- 
selves, enjoy certain privileges. 

Hanchaou ] fjiEj the dynasty Han, 
which closed, A. D. 260. 

Han tsze 1 12, in low familiar lan- 
guage, A fine personable man ; a man 
of spirit. 

3184. Wet or moistened 
with water and dried 
> again. Read Tan, Water 
flowing rapidly through 

or amongst rocks. 


3 185. Ploughed land where 
wheat is sown. 

3186. The appearance of fly- 

3187. To plough in winter, 
to plough coarse bad land. 

31 88. [ - ] Wings of a bird ; 
a bird mentioned in ancient 
history having carnation 
coloured feathers. Ornaments by the 
side of a coffin ; to fly high. White ; 
awhile horse ; a trunk of a tree, 
pillar or support for a wall. A 
pencil to write with, in allusion to 


which the National Institute is 

Hanlin-yuen. j *: Ji^. the forest 
of pencils ; the members of the College 
or Institute, are designated by the 
two first words ffan-lia. A surname. 
Written phraseology, or to write 
with pencils made of quills, is ex- 
pressed by Igi I Shoo-han. 

Han mih heang 1 |S ife the fra- 
grance of pencils and ink. 

Han vin -?? the long protracted 
crow of a well fed cock. 

^5^3189. [>] Hwin han>)| 
J 144 I a watery appearance. 

Han hae J -fflT the desart Shamo, in 

Western Tartary. 
Haou han y3j j a wide, extensive 


_ JL~ 3190. [ - ] A wall or endo- 
fcl CI sure round a well. The cha- 

"i^Ej^* | . 

I racier is formed from jti 

Wei, Skin, implying its going round. 
An ancient state near the northern 
limit of Ho-nan. It was destroyed by 
Tsin. A surname. San-hau " 

j the name of a state. 

. P iih han tsaou 
name of a plant 

3192. [ - ] Cold ; the cold of 
winter; ill provided with the 
comforts of life ; poor ; neces. 


silons. Name of a stair. A Mimnmr. 

Han lae shoo wang ^K. i.-j- |'|. 

the cold goes, and hot weather comes, 

in constant alternation. II in win 



cold and warm ; is applied both to 
tfie feelings and to speech or con- 
versation, denoting.A variety of feel- 
ings on various topics, news, com- 
pliments, and so on. Scaou ban /J\ 

J January 6th. Ta ban ^ 
January 21st. Sze han fjl 1 a cer- 
tain water divinity. 

Hanlang j ^ cold; frigid. 

Han loo | ^October 9th. A term. 

Han mun | jJtj poor and friendless 

Han ping j ^ cold ice. 
Han sing j ^ my name. 
Hansze | - poor scholar. 
Han soo 1 W plain, simple. 
Han tseuen J .M a cold spring. 

3193. [- f ] The noie 
made by a cart or carri- 
age ; a cart. Railed 
round to confine crimi- 
nals or wild beast* 

3194. [ ^ ] To desirej to 
crave; to beg by trick's 
or arlsj to covet the 
acquisition of -wealth. 
Lan han jj>^ 0|| cove- 
tous ; avaricious. 

I rum .Vrl/, ind to 
Walk or Ga. Tbe pi. ce 
of ir.etal, or bit, in a 
horse's mouth by which 
he. is guided; to contain 
in the mouth; to guide 
or controiil. The rank 
of official conlroul or 
office, is called 'ef 
Kwan ban, To be excited, moved or 
controuled. Applied to the heart. 
To be vexed or indignant. Jin han 
A ' a name of Gin-ieng. Ma- 

han BL name of a divinity, 
my I 

Row han pj I to hold or contain 
in the mouth. 

Han ke'5 $ to retain an indis- 
soluble sense of favors received. 

\ > 3196. 'A certain grass or rush. 
/"_ ^ fit for making mats. A 

f ^^ surname. Read Kwan, in 
the same sense; and also denoting 
a place. Tung kwan |8 JS* the 
district on the eastern side of CantOa 
river, below the Bocca Tigris. 

3197. To contain in the 
mouth ; to take and carry 
in the mouth. To ins- 
tain or receive, 
jfe- Han ming, To re- 
ceive an order from the 
sovereign'; or by courte- 
sy, said to a friend, q. d. 
I receive your orders and 
will attend to them. 
Used either in conversation or epis- 
tolary writing The same at the 
preceding. ^ Han, is more 

commonly used. This form i usual 





but not sanctioned by Chinese Dic- 

Han ban 1 j to gaze intensely. 

3198. ['] A certain small 
insert [with a black body and 
red bead. 

3199. Large eyes. The ap- 
pearance of solidity and 
of a bright star ; luminous, 
beautiful. Read Yuen, 
Pretty eye brows. 

Hau muh yucn chuen 1 

I -* 

the appearance of fine large rolling 

3200. ['] Hanlfih 1 K^soft 
flexible plants. Read Hwan, 
To smile or laugh. Read 
Kwan, A goat with small horns. 
Hantsac 1 35fcvegetables for the table. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Hen. Canton Dialect, Hitn. 

3301. Commonly read 
Kin. From EyeznA To 
compare. To look ad- 
versely, or perversely; to 
limit. Read Han, To 
lead or drag; to pull; 

to thrust. 

3202. [/ ] Unwilling to 
listen to what is said; 
disobedient to commands, 
refusing to proceed ; 
quarrelsome; fond of 
quarreling and fighting ; 
forms the superlative de- 
gree, in which sense it is 
commonly written 

3208. [ - ] A cicatrix ; a 
. scar ; a mark ; a trace or 
rV. mark left by any thing what- 

ever. (J^ j Te bin, The mark 
left by tears. Shwfiy bin ;]< 1 
mark left by water. Tae bin 35" 1 
the mark left by moss. Mih h 5n 
|H j -mark of ink. Pwan ban 
Afe a cicatrix or mark of a 
wound, Pork-mark on the face. Ma- 
meen jpp jgj ; s the vulgar term for 
being marked with the small pox. 
.Hantseih j Kjfc a trace; a footstep. 



3204. [-] A feeling Of 
indignation, anger, or 
resentment. Also Re- 
gret, or indignation 
against one's self. Hwuy 
ban >mi i deep re- 
pentance; angry with one's self. 
Han puh tih ~j l^L to wish or 

desire intensely ; like the phrase 

r r~l ~* * 1,1 

L- ^f* 1 r -f Pa pfil ' l ~ lb ' 

Paou hau ->/V. 1 to revenge. Ko 

ban "pj" ] detestable. KeS ban 
j&t J to form resentments. 

Hln piih leaou ~fc "7 to regret 

want of success. 
Han she 1 ^B to look at with indie- 

I JXu 

nation or hatred. 

3205. To. lead crdragpre- 
cipitately; to pull, to oppose 
with the hands ; to put into 
a certain place or order, an by force. 

m " ' I ^1 a " ex P res s pull- 
Han kth j ^ |, illgi draggingi 

'Han j Th ] ffi J thrusting and 
putting into some position oritate 
by force. 


3206. The noise of dogs 
fighting. Forms the super- 
lative degree. Read Kan, 
To gnaw. 


very right. 





Manuscript Dictionary, Bang. Canton Dialect, Hong, or noting. 

^^ 3*07. [ - ] Read Hang or 
r Rang, The neck; the throat; 

/ 1^^ stiflF-necked ; to oppose; to 
icreen. Name of a star ; drought. 

3208. [\ ] Hang or Rang 
The neck or throttle ofa 
bird. To swallow ; to make 
a noise. 

% +^ 3209. [ - ] The place to 

~Jt|1 which Tsin, the first univer- 

l/ ^^ sal monarch of China came 

on his tour south. 

Hang chow 1 jJ>M the capital of the 
Province Che-keang, near thesouth- 
ernendofthe Great Canal. Used to 
denote a square boat. Teen-hang 
=P the milky way , or rain 
from heaven. 

*^ 3210. ['] Appearance of 

flowing. Mang-hang 

I an extensive sheet of 
water ; a large lake. 

Hang hcae ] ^ dewy, foggy; a 
white mist; sea fog. 

Hang mang | &^ a wide mixture of 
plants and water ; a large marsh. 

3211. Lang hang 05 
avaricious; covetous. 

ART u. 3 L 

3212. [- ] A boat or ship; 
hi"? a square boat; to navigate 
I/ Vi in a boat or ship. Tsze- 
bang ^ 1 expresses the departure 
from this life applied to women. 

321?. [-] The appearance 
ofa bird flying; to fly up. 
wards. Read Kang, A man's 

neck; the throat; the throttle ofa 


3214. To fly downwards. 
Used in common with the 

k-A. 3215. A certain stringed in- 
strument; the name of a 

bamboo ; a stand for clothes; 
a row of bamboos. 

S21G. The throat. Read 
King, The name ofa star. 

3217. Hang, or Kang, To 
stretch out the legs; to 
strike the legs. 

.1218. Hang, or Kang, An 
insect of the silk-worm 

3219. [ ^ ] Hunjr, or Karg. 

Hanrr Uang \ the half 
e I Ir/f 

or part of a victim, or a 
large body. Ease ; enjoyraeut. 


3220. A demon. 

\ _-, 3221. [-] Arranged is 
J[* ' order, as soldiers in the 
Q >J ranks; a company of twenty- 

five, or ofa hundred. I'ih 

] makes ten thousand, which it 
called y^" R& Fang-ching, A class, 
or company; one sort of persons; a 
series or order. A mercantile house ; 
a factory. Also read Hing, or Hing. 
Tiie-hang -fa name of a hilL 
Chung hang Uj a double 


Hang-hang strong and for- 

midable appearance a, ofa phalanx. 

1 jft* 

Hang ho i goods made for the 

general market, and not for a parti- 
cular customer. The Hang-bo go. ds 
are inferior; the opposite uf Hang- 



Hang ke .4jfe what order do you 
hold amongst your brothers i. e. 
are you the eldest, second, &c. 

Hang san j I am the third 
brother. This question and answer 
are preparatory to laying aside the 
name and title in familiar conver- 
sation, and addressing the person by 
San-ko 3f third brother. 

Hang poo ] -^| large mercantile 
houses and shops. 

1 i 
PJj a wholesale mer- 
chant; or one belonging to a com- 
pany licenced by the government, 
such as those at Canton for foreign 
trade; who are called ^ j 


Yang-hang-shang, to distinguish 
them from the Salt and other Hang 
or Companies of merchants. 

Hangtsing ^ <M| the feelings of a 
class; the spirit of a corps. 

fif bands of men or 

companies ; the army. 
Hang yung Jjpj the general ex- 
penses of a company of merchants; 
that which each member has to pay 
to the common fund, in Canton 
called (Kung-so /jh. fifi ) Consoo 

3229. A kind of mat on 
which to lie down. 




3223. [ - ] Certain stocks in 
which to fasten the fjet as 
a punishment. A floating 
bridge. Read HSng, see below. 


3284. To fly about as the 
swallow ; to fly up and down, 
said of birds, as SH lice, is 
said of the frisking offish. 

3225. A particular kind of 

boat, called a square boat. 

3226. [*] From Great and 
Strength. Using great effort 
to raise any thing; or the 
cry made when exerting great ef- 


Confounded W'th Hwang. Manuscript Dictionary, Hcng. Sometimes confounded with flung. Canton Dialect, Hang,. 

3227. [ - ] Pervading in- 
fluence ; going through with 
J a thing; success. J ~f^ 

^ | Chah j5 han hing, Abroad 
or at home io every thing success- 

3228. [ - ] Pang-hSng Tjjg, j 
fleshy; fat. 

3229. PSng-hSng JJ^ 

fat; swelled out; large bel- 

ISl } 

^.2330. Seuen. To revolve; 

.EL J to inculcate. 


Ktaig. To fill or extend 
every where. 

3231. [-] A woman's 

3232. [ - ] In Kang-he, read 
Hing. Commonly pro- 
nounced Hing, To walk ; to 
go ; to do ; to state to in words. A 

path, a road. Read Hang, Arranged 
in order ; a class or scries ; a house 
of business for commercial purposes. 


3233. [- j Constant, as 
I ' revolving in a circle ; of 

long continuance; per- 
severing; acting agree- 
able to former rules. 
Name of a hill, and of a 
district. Read Kang [ '] The ap- 
pearance of the moon in its quar- 
ters; reaching to every place; per- 


vading. One of the diagrams called 

HSng ho | VpJ' seems to be the river 

HJng sin J /^\ a constant mind. 

Hing shan 1 [Jj a certain mountain 

in the north. 
HSng Utih I JS always sufficient. 

^ 3234. [-] A certain trans- 

Ty>t^* verse beam in a house. 

I I ^J Read Hang, used to denote 

Certain stocks or fetters for the 

feet; a plank laid across a stream 

or floating bridge. 

-^. 3235. A torch; a kind of 

3236. [ - ] A certain stone 
worn about one's person as 
an ornament, much used 

by the ancient Chinese. A man's 

3237. A certain water plant 

r with a white stem and 

-J reddish leaf; it varies its 

growth according to the. depth of 
the water ; the root is sometimes 
teeped in wine. 

dang tsae 1 :*j a certain vegetable 
which grows in water. 

**-JU 3238. [ - ] The stem of 
plants; the stem of herba- 
ceous plants is called Hang ; 
of bamboo f\ Ko ; of trees ftfc Mei. 


The handle or stem of a sword or 
spear ; the name of a medicine, and 
of a hill. 

3239. [.] That with 

T which light and heavy 
arc adjusted; or by 
which things are weigh- 
ed or measured. A 
balance ; certain rails 
about a gallery ; the space between 
the eyebrow and eye, which expands 
when smiling or laughing. The 
centre part of the Tow measure. 
Transverse ; a kind of frame to pre- 
vent horned animals goring; an 
ornament for the heads of cattle, used 
as victims. Ten catties. The con- 
trouler of mountain forests; string 
to fasten on a cap. A surname; Yuh- 
hin? 3S 1 orKe-hang ijf 
an astronomical instrument, a kind 
of quadrant; otherwise called Hwan 
teen e j|f ^ ^ 
J a certain office. 
Hang leang 1 

Hang lun 1 =jjn to discuss by making 

Hang mun ] |'^j the cottage of a 

Hang shan 1 |1| a famous mountain 

in Keang-nan province. 
Hang jin 1 f between two yokes, 
as the place of the driver of a pair 
of horses. 

1 1 \ N ( , 

to measure and 

3. -If). [-] Name .f a 
fragrant plant. Wei hinj 

ini I * ccrui " p |aut - 

3241. [ - ] The almond tree. 

mng jin cha 1 P ^ 

Almond Tea; an cmuUion 
of almonds, or a milk-like sub- 
stance made of almonds pounded 
and boiled with sugar; it is lerved 
up in cups at entertainments before 
sitting down to table. Yin-hlng 
^ j the fruit of the Salisburi 
Adianti folia, called also l IE. 

f f f\ * 

Pth kwc. 

King jin 1 ^ almonds. 

Hinghwatsun j j? /j^name of a 
\illage famous under the Tang Dy- 

King mei \ l|jj a specie* of plum ; 
in the MS. Dictionary, called the 

Hang tan 1 j^ the school of Con- 

324?. [ - ] Hang, or 
Hing. A certain wine 
vessel with a long neck. 






Manuscript Dictionary, Bao. Canton Dialect, Boa 

3243. To cry out aloud in 
order to make the voice 
heard at a distance, as when 

giving orders to a great many per- 
sons; the cry of pain or distress. The 
original form of Vrit Haou. 

3244. Heaou jen, ' ffi 

l / 

a large appearance; a large 
empty appear.-nce. Bead 
Haou, The sound of the wind, (it 
| How haou, The noise of anger. 

3245. The name of a bill. 

3246. The roar of a tiger, 
to call out alud ; the noise 
of weeping and crying; the 
term by which one calls a thing. A 
name; a designation; a mark or 
name; to direct. The crow of a cock. 
Tsun haou j? honorable epi- 

thet;; that of another person. 
Te ke haou {ft $j& 1 what mark 
or number? Fang haou paou ~fflt 
I ffi\ to fire a salute. Ming haou 
^3 name or epithet. Kwi haou 
I the designation given to the 

I '"I I 

country under a particular dynasty, 
as Ming, Ttin, and so on. Tsze- 
haoii ^ j the epithet taken by a 

mercantile house or shop ; the deno- 
mination applied to a cert.iin lot of 
goods ; as so many chest; of tea of 
the same kind and quality, commonly 
called a chop of tea ; in Chinese, a 
Tsze-haou. No Dealer in China gives 
his own name to his house or shop, 
but when be commences business 
gives the house or shop a separate 
name, which is expressed by Ttze- 
haovf not by ^ Ming, A name. 

Haou chaou | J5J to call upon by 
royal proclamation. 

Haou fang j j^|- a lodge at the gates 
of public offices where persons give 
in their names. 

Haouhoo | P?~l to clamour and 
Haou naou I n|^J vociferate. 

Haou keTh j Jj to lament and weep. 
Haon ling '| ,A. official orders or 

Haou paou j ^g a salute of guns. 

Haou shay | ^. a g m all room in 
which each candidate composes his 
essays at a public examination. 

3247. A person with a white 

Kaou. 3848. T declare; It 


3249. Much talk ; loquacity. 
Ching-tsze-tung affirms, it 
is an erroneous form of aj- 

Kaon ; but Kang-he condemns the 
assertion of Ching-tsze-tunp. 

3250. A woman's name. 

3251. Perturbation of mind t 
fear ; apprehension ; alarm. 
Read KrS, iu the same lense. 

3252. Appearance of the sun 
rising; the li^ht of the 
rising sun; bright; splendid. 

3253. [ / ] The appearance 
'~_~m f a vast collection of wa- 
ters; as in the deluge; over- 
plus; more than is necessary for usej 
affluence. Read Kaou, A surname. 
To apply water to wine. 

Haou han j $&. a great expanse of 

Haou tang j j^l a sheet of water 

agitated by the violence of the wind. 
Haou haou taoti teen [ yj ^ 

the deluge of waters rose to heaven 


8254. [/] Theli};htofthe 
heavens; the white lumin- 
ous appearance of the sky. 
Read Kaou, Pure white. A surname. 
The same as Haou !|5 and its several 

synonyma. Ta-haou TT 1 heaven, 

3255. The ear; to hear 
with the eir. 

3256. A certain water bird 
called iflE \ Hung-haou, 
and ^ ffg^^ 1511 "^ ' 

Hwang haou ~&i | a bird on which 
the Seen filj genii pass from place to 
place. Applied to the name of a dog; 
a certain former pattern; certain 
feathers. Read Kaou, A surname ; 
the name of a place. 

S257. The white light 
around the horizon. 
Haou-hnou I the 

light and splendourof ihe 
sky ; the glorious appear- 
ance of the heavens. 
-Haou-haou ft& | vast, 
numerous ! md happy ; 
said of the people enjoy- 
ing themselves. ~^r 
fi|| Tae haou, /J, x ] 
Shaciu haou, designations 
of ancient sovereigns. 

3258. [ \ / J Good ; a gene- 
ral term applicable to what- 
ever is goud of its kind. 

II. M 3 


To esteem good, to like, to kike 
pleasure in, to answer the purpose 
well; to enable one to do; Iliatone 
mny have it in one's power. 
Haou hwuy hwa 1 nil ^i that we 

may be able to take back an answer. 
Haou jin J\^ a good man. 

Haou kan j j& good looking. 
Haou pfih koo naou 1 ^Fj "it frfK 

extremely annoyed and vexed. 
Haou piSh 1 ~^f\ denotes the Superla- 
tive degree. 
Haou tan jin twan choo j ?$ J\^ 

4g T& a fondness to talk of other 

people's faults. 
H.iou tank* 8 ching 1 |j& IfiJI jj^f 

to be foi.d of talking about politics. 
Haou tdh shoo j=|? to delight 

in reading. 
H:iou tsing tow j 48' jjSf] to be fond 

of wrangling. 

3259. Desire ; concupiscence ; 
lust - 

3260. The name of a plant 

3261. ffaou. High; elevated. 

3262. To raise the hand and 
strike; to tap or knock; 
mutually opposed to and 
leaning against. 

t _ 3263. [' ] The name of a 
stream or liver; the ap- 
pearance of water; the noise 
of striking or ckuhjpg against water. 

11 A Oil 


3?6. [ - ] The name of a 
plant of which there are e- 
vi-ral species. 

3265. ['] A warm Yeuel of a 
certain kind. The name of 
a place. Occurs denoting 

Light and splendor. 

Hoou king 1 cf the place in which 
Woo-wang kej)t his Court 

3266. \\] Name of a fish; 
a large species. 

3267. [ - ] Boar's bristles as 
large as pencils. Haon- 
chc 1 ^ a species of 
wild boar with white bris- 
tles like skewers; a desig- 
nation of superiority ap- 
plied to the Emperor's horses, cows, 
and sheep. Eminent talcnU and 
virtue;greit superiority toother mer. 
A strong violent leader; a martial 
chief. The name of a fish, and of a 
sword, and ofadistrirt. Asurnamc. 
Used for ;: Haou, Delicate hairs; 

*- | 

down. JFoo haou '' rich, 
wealthy ; possessing the power and 
influence which riches give. Woo- 

haoufapecnelrft 1 f ! fft 
not the least deviation on cither side. 

Haou ke 1 yjj[ high spirited, in point 
of principle. 

Haou keg 1 ^t eminent virtue and 
I vr- 

talents; a hero, or heroine. 
Haoukeang \ ^ rohust, violent 

acting by force. 
Haou keu urh ] ^ 

the ears i tobrbtleup. 




Haou noo j jf\f strong violent slaves; 
a rich man's domestics. 

Haou shwang <JK high spirits, 


326S. [-] The ditch outside 
a city wall. The name of a 

place. ^ jjfa | Hoo- 
ching haou, To defeixl the ditches 

tt 1 Yen ming ban yn hea kung, 
haou, The wild geese cackled on the 
cold rain falling into the empty 
ditch. ~^n j$U /fp fy- JW? 

)JM Slrili-haou chin tsae kin Shen- 
chow, Stony ditch station, was situat- 
d at the modern Shen-chow, on 
the western border of the Province 

3269 To compare the quan- 
tity of. 

3270. [ - ] A ditch around 
a city wall. Nameofadis- 
trict in Keang-nan Name 
of a river. 

Haou king gaon ] * ^M. m an- 
cii'nt name of M;icao, 

II ion pan ke:ie 1 pj'Ii <|j name f a 
street in the city of Canton. 

Hioti tun ^' t Canton dialect, 

) Tlie ?econd-bar on Ouiton 

>_ 3271. [ - J The rough. 
f~^P coarse oyster ; a cluster of 

^T*. oysters is called |J_j 

Haou-shan. The spat of the oyster 

the Chinese compare to a stone. 
Name of a place. 
IIuou kilh ] '^oyster shell. 

Haou she 1 {J* dried oysters. 
I F*. 

3272. [- ] Long soft small 
pointed hair or down , any 
thing very small. Name of 
a small weight ; a pencil to write with. 
A surname. Sew haou $& 1 a species 
of dog. Ten j^ Sze, Threads, 
make a Haou, ten Haou make 
a J|| Le. /^. " ~J\ Fun 
haou puh tso, Not the- least error. 
Han haou -ay T to put the point 
of the pencil in one's mouth when 
considering what to write. Hwuy- 
haou |[ 1 to write with.rapidity. 

Joo haou yl J to- wet the point 
of the pencils 
Haou woo kwo fan E '.Inl T(\> 

] t \\\ XL-L. J L 

not the least error or fault. 
Haou m 5 sze 1 ^=fc Jja. petty affairs; 
affairs not included in one's duty. 

Haou le che shth 
slight error or failure. 

Haou fi. pfih yung 

not admit the insertion of. a single 
hair ; close, secret. 

3273. Kaou. To call or 
summon: to sing anil )it/. y. 
To introduce with joy. 

3274i [ - ] The roar of 
a tiger, or of a wild boar; 
the cry of a fox, of a 
rhinoceros, and so on. 
The voice of a 'human 
bting shouting or calling 

$ B nijL fro P$ K Pf 

Chung jin h-iou urh yTIi ptih shi, 
Called out the whole d.iy without 
feeling hoarse. 

Haou paou j |J^) and ] JJ3L Haou 
hoo, denote the same. 

3275 - 

To cal1 

__ _ 

^S^ lou(1 i to ca ll upon ; to call to. 
The same as b Haou . 

3276. [ /]Theluminout- 
appearance of the sky in 

Haou teen 

haou. tsze keuen yew, 
Hoped and trusted in the 
mrrcii'ul protection of 
Heaven, (said by Kea- 
king. Emperor of China.) 

j "^ summer ; heaven. 

Haou teen sliang te ^f^ f~ w 

heaven, or the power that rules- 

^_ ~*\ 3277. [V] A certain 
kind of grain; to lessen ; 
to take from; to spoil; 
to injure; to render 
void; vicious; bad. A 
surname. Read Maim. 
Multitudinous; confused; obscure. 
Sinh haou M increase and 

decrease; viflue and vice. Fung 
haou '^ plenty and dearth, 

applied to the year. Sha haou ^k. 

< '"* 

wicked, injurious, applied to 

spirits. Hen haou |j? ] or revers- 
ed, Defective jToid.; deficiency; want. 



Haou fei tseen tsae j 

to waste property in an extravagant 

Haou Iwan 1 jjsjl confused, obscure. 

Haou tsze | -jp a rat is so called 
from its being pernicious and de- 

327S. The dazzling eil'.-ct of 
a vast sheet of water ; the 
dazzling anil overpowering 
effect of viewing the immensity, and 
considering the depth of tlie ocean ; 
hence applied to subjects which 
dazzle and overpower, by their im- 
mensity or abstruseness. 

3279. [ - ] To eradicate ; 
to remove gras< or planU 
from the lurfacu of a 


Manuscript Dictionary, Hi and ffy. Peking Dialect, She, Canton Dialect, Be and Hei. 


S880. From Yin, To fonceat, 
audYih, forming A cover. 
He, fow tsang che e 

EFS* Mr; -JV -A- 

4&L $ JC. /& A<?> contams tne 
idx;a of covering and secreling, still 

being liable to be dropped. 

3281. A small basin OP 

3282. [- ] From Tl,Reprr- 
- m^-^ tenting the breath issuing 

i forth, after the principal 
words of the sentence are enunciated. 
A tone of interrogation; exami- 
nation, or admiration. In the 
middle of a sentence il denotes an 
enquiry, which is answered, in the 
following member; at the close of 
a sentence, it denotes admiration; 
and in poetry, is often a- mere tone. 
i| ] |]fj | Hih he ! heun he! 
How sp'tulid: how glorious! 

J^ ^ j Can tseay keih he, 
Both tranquil and happy. 

3883. [ /] Fewj seldom; 
rare; infrequent; not 
dose or thick; applied 
~,> to birds and beasts 

jJL casting their feathers or 

t Jy hair. To hope ; to expect. 

To stop ; to scatter ; to disperse. A 
surname. A certain embroidery. 
Ncu he she ~J fa a certain 

divinity. Neaou show be kth feJ 


W( ] 3i l) ' r<ls alu ' beasts casting 
their feathers and coats. 

He been he shing ] W $ 1& 
hoping to be a worthy ; hoping to be 
a~sagc. Used to express an ardent 
dtdire to advance in learning. 

B ' k c ' JJi \ to hop.-; to look 

He wang 1 ^ J forward to with 

He ke 1 S* rare i extraordinary. 

He wei juen leang j 
I hope you will excuse me. 

He too 1 |j|j to meditate the at- 
tainment of; to design, to scheme, to 
act from design. 

3284. A contest between the 
heart and countenance; an 
effort to put (MI an honest 
face. .Me'eii sean she, sin scan;; 


to appear ri^ht in Ilie l':u e. 
but be Hie heart, is culled 
He. |7 I E he, Appe.iring as 
if; otherwise expressed b) j If jflft 
Fangfflh. JJ 'n-.CIbscure. 

3285. f \ J To si^h ; to crv 
out without weepin*. The 
mo.ui uf painful tVcliiig 
\Mih.ut slu-ildi.i^ >::\r- ; to pint. 
Strong breathing in sleep. 

jig breatliing in 
sleep ; snoring. To laugh. 





3286. To consider ; to pon- 
der; to desire; to corn- 

327. [-] To dry; dry. 
Daybreak ; beginning to be 
light As a local word, 
Boisterous ; tempestuous. 

3288. f - ] To catch the breath 
as in weeping and tubbing. 
To lob ; timid, fearful. 
He heu pei taou j ^ j JJHJJ to 
fob and lament ; to commiserate. 

8289. [ - ] Open or apart ; 
not close or thick j few. 
Not attentive ; careless; re- 
miss. A turname. 

He to I JJJJ having a space between; 
open, not thick. 

3290. Name of a plant. 

3291. p ] He-he, The 
sound of conversation; the 
noise of speaking in anger. 

appearing to speak with difficulty. 
Read [ / ] The breath emitted in 
speaking. Reid Hin, Loud speech. 
HesWh l-^fe* make a Foible 
story ; to g'oss over 

3292. The noise made when 
breathing in sleep ; snoring. 
To blow the nose. 

S20S. ['] To bind; to con- 
ned; to succeed to; to con- 
tinue. Connected with; 

belong to; is, am 

R 1 

heung he luy ke tsze te, Killed the 
fathers and elder brothers, andbound 
the children and younger brothers. 
fli" 1 She he, Generations succeed- 
ing each other ; record of genealogy. 
Kvran he, Consequences; 
result; that which is connected with; 
a particular event, c r line of cor.duct. 

^f H I ^ $c Yevr kwan he 

yu wo. It involves me. /rJ 
|lj JJEJ y^ Ta heShan-se jin, He 
belongs to Shan-se; or he is a Shan- 
se man. 

Heuenhe^; 1 to suspend or hang up. 
He too haou | ^K jf- are all good. 

He leuen ^ g bound in affection 

to, ardent attachment. 
He she J "jfr that which rehtes to 

the nge. 
He Shuh j 

ed to 

connected with, relat- 


3294. To connect, or be 
connected as if tied toge- 
ther by a string; bound ; 
tied, connected, following 
in succession; denoting 
relation to. 

. n. 3295. To connect or be 
connected ; following in 
succession ; connected, rela- 
ted to. Read Ke, To tie, to bind, to 
fasten or fix to as by tying ; attached 
to mentally. 

I// f' 
&j the affection* attach- 
ed to, and hankering -after. 

He neen fOh j ^j ^fe to fix the 
thoughts on Buddha. Wei he 
1 tied to, or connected with. 

3296. [ - ] A waiter, servant 
or attendant. The name of 
a [.lice. Name of a hill. A 
particle of interrogation implying 
uncertainly cr doubt, How? why ? A 
surname. A large belly. 

He wei how wo 1 fify yfc fp why 
come after us, meanirg so 
To he IpB 1 a wil.l hors:;; a fine 
spirited horse. Yang he -~ 
n;:mc of a plant. 

t>~ 3297. [ - ] A certain peo- 
ple. A ma..'s name. Oc- 
curs, in the sense of It, 

are. Also said to denote To wait 

on; to follow. 

3298. [ - ] To wait ; to stop 
or remain with expecta- 

1 tion. Name of a bird. 
Used to denote a narrow 
foot path. 

He wo how I ^ ; ml waiting for 
He yu how [ ~T J^i J m y Prince. 

He kirg 1 A^ a ^ery narrow foot 

3299. Appearance of walking 
indignantly, with earnest- 
nessand ardor. Read Heae, 
Disquietude of mind. 

3300. To take rp; to re- 
move to another place. 
Read Heae, To hold uuder 
the arm ; to support, 




8301. A something with 
which to steady or fasten a 

3302. A sash or girdle. 
Read Heae, A sleeve. 

3S03. [-v] Shamejdis- 
T^.tf\_ grace; having no sense of 
shame. The anger of a 
mean man ; to abuse, to put to shame 
and disgrace. A man's name. Read 
Hea. Angry speech. 
Ilell W 1 f^X abus ' Te disgraceful 
He how lUjf/ speech. 

He ko I S$ distorted ; irregular. 

3304. [-] A road; a 
path; a foot path. He- 
king j <|^f a patli 
through fields or amongst 
mountains. He keen 
Kg] amongsl moun- 
tain paths. 

3305. [ - ] A very small 
animal of the mus species, 
said to gnaw the skin of 

sheep and men, from which ulcers 
arise that are mortal. 

3306. From Mouth added 
to cj Choo, Pulse-bearing 
plants raising their heads. 

To be pleased; to feel joy ; to rejoice; 

joyful, to give joy to. A surname; 
the name of a woman; the name of a 
distr'rct. Read lie, To desire; to like. 
The same as jit- Haou, and -S^ He. 

^J i\& 

FART ii. N 3 

jjf 1 ^ J Hwan he, or reversed, He 

hwan, or Fffr 1 Hin he, all express 

Joy and rej oicing ; taking pleasure 

in doing. 
Hekeaou ] jjjfij '.he wedding sedan- 

chair, use in China. 
He 15 j ^ joy and delight. 
He sze ,i Ipjsome joyful occasion. 
He sTh I ^ the countenance indicat- 

ing being pleased ; a chearful coun- 

He vug ] >]>^ pleased ; gratified. 

He pflh ko yea J 
pressible joy, 


" inex- 

3307. [-] To feel joy; to 
t^e delight in. To be 
cautious of; to dread. A 
surname. j ^ He Is, To delight; 
to rejoice ; joy ; delight. Syn. with 

3308. [-] He-he,hol8hmg, 

the sound or voice of social 
joy, the sound of pleasure and merry- 
making; giggling and playing. |j|j 
E-he, A sigh; an interjection of 
grief, of admiration or desire ; also 
of fear and of anger. Alas ! oh ! ! 

He-he ho ho ] ] (JpJ PPJ" laughing 
and tillering. 

He he, heuh heiih 1 I j|B jtQ the 
appearance or expression of having 
succeeded, or having obtained some- 
thing. This Particle also occurs 
as an Imperative Interjection. 

3309. [ - ] To ramble ; to 
take an excursion for plea- 

*-^ sure. Handsome; a pretty 

fice. Shwfiy he 7JC I 


ing parly of plcaiure. Vew he Ji(- 
an excurtion for annulment. 
. he 'tyfa a famous ancient 

li.'-'iity, wli" caused the ruin of the 

HIM n_v nasty. 
He he 1 fijfc childisli play ; the play 

<if children. 
He so aou 1 ^- to play ; to twitter 

and laugh. 
He wan j Jr to play. 

3310. [ - ' ] From Heart 
and f^ith; having obtained 
one's heart's wish 
mind feeling gratified and pleased) 
joy; delight. To delight in, or love. 
To be fond of doing. 
He fung ching ] ^ TJfc to be fond 

of receiving flattery. 
Hin he /^ j joy and delight. 

He kae tsaou | f$( jj| to be fond of 
altering and making new things 
the sure way to be poor. 

3311. Very hot; abounding; 
to bum or scorch. 

3312. Thejoyfullightof the 
stars ; to burn ; to purify 
by burning. The same as 

the following. 

3313. [-] To apply fire to; 
to heat or decoct. Hot; 
burning; pervading every 

where as heat and light; a slight 
degree of light. An epithet denoting 
that one deserves well of his country. 
He wei 1 &f a slight and inadequate 
degree of light. Ch'oo-he^; j 



name of the Commentator 

3314. A bright sparkling 

-, tj 3315. [ - ] Joy arising from 
|jTC7 divine blessing*. Felici- 
/| \t tons; happy, blissful; to ail. 
oounce or pray to the gods. 

|^- S3 16. [ *] He orHe-tsze 

\il\-f -Hp name of an insect; 

< ^^\-Jk the country people deem 

the He-tsze as ominous of blessings > 

and when they catch itletit go again. 

m^ S317. [-] Pain ; the cry of 
^ V/f P am an ^ f fear; ef grief 
*"^ * * and of indignation. Read 

E, The murmur of resentment. 
He-he 1 I hot ^ the cry of spirits 

or demons ; the name of a bird. 
fc_ J^ 3318. An expression of de- 
^T A^. testation. To sigh ; to laugh 
*_/ V. madly; violently. 

He-e ] ~fi a disease which produces 
irresolution, suspicion, and a spiritless 

3319. A black, dark colour. 
Read Helh, and shih, A 
)u2 carnation colour. 

lieu. 3390. Empty; void; 

3321. To fence, or play 
with a spear. To sport ; 
to play and langb. To 
play as children ; a the- 
atrical exhibition ; to 
play or trifle with. Yen- 


he JHJ I to act a play. Lung he 

fi ^fi 1 */^j to practice or p-r- 

form slight of hand tricks. 
Hcli ] ^ slight of hand tricks; 

HebcS 1 ^to trifleandplay. 

He lung 1 Sictotrifle or dally with ; 

to seduce. 

He pun ] ^ a play book. 
He pan J^ or reversed, Pan-he, 

a company or set of players. 

He sha slung } $ _t lo ^ on 
the sand, us children do. 

He-he 1 I soundj noise. 

" In the Chinese Drama, certain 
words or characters are adapted to 
point out the general characteristics 
of the different Dramatis Persons, 
and these particular words are made 
use of in every Play indiscriminately, 
whether its complexion be Tragic 
or Comic. No similar usage can be 
found on the European stage, unless 
Indeed we except the invariable 
terms of Harlequin, Clown, Panta- 
loon, &c., in the English Pantomine, 
which still mark with precision the 
station and character of the several 
performers, however varied may be 
the action of the piece. The words 
made use of, in Chinese pi iys, consist 
principally of the six following, viz. 
^ MS, JtjS- Tsing, Sing, & 
Tan, ^ Chow, ^f Wac. The- first 
of these ^ Mo, is called jfc 
Laou-sing, and generally typifies a 
princip: I character, as a father, uncle, 
&c., or any person somewhat 
advanced in age ; and is applied lo 


Nan-keS ?S 'jj;R male personages. 
Tsing & i used in reference to 
characters with painted faces, or those 
weiring masques being subdivided 
into Hung |X and Hlh lsin & 
*"/& red and black Tsiing, which are 
the j Cliing, or principal parts un- 
der this general denomination. The 

fid Foo, " r secondary, being styled 

. IH _/U 
Urli-hwa-meen , /{. [gj second 

painted face. / Sing, is a male 
character, and is subdivided into ] 
Ching and /j\ Seaou, thief and les- 
ser. Tan HI is ii> variably a female 
character, and is distinguished into 
Ching-Un _[ J3_Seaou-tan /j> B 
and Laou tan j 13[ besides which, 
there is occasionally a Chen tin jjyj 
tJ which, iu general, is a servant or 
some such person. Chow ^L 
seems often to typify a character dis- 
agreeable, either from personal defor- 
mity, or some other cause ; and is 
also called /|\ ^ [Q Seaou hwa 
meen. The last, ^ Wae, is a Fun 
meen ^ ^ or painted-face cha- 
racter, and often one with a grotes- 
que and long beard. The great 

divisions of the piece, or the acts as 
we style them, exist perhaps rather 
in the book, than in the representa- 
tion ; bcia;, on the Chinese stage, not 
so dl>tiiictiy marked ;is oa ours, by 
the lapse of a considerable interval 
of time. The first is called }$tt -- 
SeS tsze, whith means literally A 
door, or the side-pouts of a door ; and 
h.-nce, metaphorically the opening. 
The rest are styled ifr ChS, or 
breaks. The words J^ Shang, and 



I- Hea, To ascend and descend, are 
used for enter and exit." 

(J: F.DAVIS, Esqr.) 

. ,. 3332. [ ' ] Chuy he kow 

i"gpX D I z$ 

Chuy he, The sound of 
the mouth , i. e. the voice. 
V^ | Woo-hc-, The 
tone of sighing, or of 
He he | sound, noise. 

3323. To strike ; to knock. 

3324. Dangerous moun- 
tains situated opposite to 
each other ; dangerous as 
passes on the side of lofty 
mount lins. A crevice 
or opening ; something 
that afi'ords an occasion to intro- 
duce bloodshed. 

3325. A kind of calabash or 
shell of a gourd. 

3326. An earthen ware 

rf^3327. Ke. SuWe matter; ef- 
fluvia; breath. 
3328. Breathing strong as in 
sleep, snoring. Head Kae, 
Anger; passion. Read Heih, 
To reach or extend to. Kae hiu j 
anger and indignation. 

3329. To burn weeds ; to 
burn the grass on hill . 

3330. A disease of cattfe. 
One says, Food for cattle. 

Gj 3331. To fight; to war; a 
certain appendage of a bow. 

3332. Name of an insect. 

^ZSi 3333. The breath emitted in 

3334; A' horse going. 

3335. Grain or rattle used as 

, . 
presents or offjrings. Pro- 

visions. Yung-he ^p 
certain pro visions of -ceremony. Shth 
linh^-|0 ] to eat (or to have) 
a certain small allowance granted to 
Sew-tsae graduates. 

He I'm fjgT certain supplies of food 

granted by government. 

He yang J ^a> victim offered in 
ancient times. 

3336 . G.e-hejf [ ciondy; 
dull ; obscure. 

33S7. [ - j A surname. 
He-hwang j ^L or Fnh- 
he i& 1 name of tlie 
founder of the Chin s 
m inarchy. He ho 1 
fn a Cjrtaiu o.lice. 

3338. Dangerous moun- 
tain*. See above under 
the second character. No. 

3339. f - ] The colour of the 
un, light. 

V 3340. The light of the moon. 

3341. f - ] Victim! intended 
j^ for sacrifice ; pure spotleM 
victims. Read So, A cer- 
tain- vessel for wine. 
He new ] -4~ a bullock devoted to 

He sang 1 M_ vietimn animals used 

in sacrifice. 
He yang | ^. a sheep for sacrifice. 


^ 3342. Motioa or rolling of. 



1 3343. Tnunt,Shun,orTt*y. 
Fatfleih; derived from 
pj Kung, A torn with 
which fat animate are that. 


3344. [-]5uj. A'ome of 
an ancient principality. 

la these and the following derivative* 
there are considerable varieties in. 
the spelling. 

3345. [ - ] He, Hwny, or Kwei. 
A large, species of tortoise. 
Name of a constelbtion. 



3346. [-] He, or Hwuy. To 
take with the hand and 
raise from the ground, or 
lead by the hand, as a 
child; to lead apart; to 
connect .together. 

He show lung hing ] -f^ |qj -fj 
to take by the hand and walk to- 
He tae shS wnh ] 

to take a thing with on. Te he 

| to receive with both hands and 
lead in a respectful manner. Keu he 
che ^L I ~y to lift up from the 

334T. [ - ] He, Hwuy, Chuy, 
or Kwei. An awl made to 
resemble a horn. Some say, 
An ornament appended to a child's 
girdle or sash. A man's name. 

3348. [- ] He, orflwuy. 
Name of a city; name of 
a place in thc*tate Tse. 
Name of a hill ; a dan- 
gerous mountain. 

3S49. [ - ] He, or Hwuy, A 
certain large bell or utensil 
of the kind. Food ; certain 
appearances of halo near the sun, 
referred to in divination. 

8350. He, or Hwuy, A field con- 
taining fifty Mow of land. 
The name of a place. Read 

Kwei, A kind of low mouud or wall 

raised round a field. 



3351. He, Hwuy, or Shuy. 
Appearance of taking a 
i small sip, supping or 
sucking into the mouth. 
Food given as a present. 

TpflJ 3352 - [] Light; splen- 
' A dour; rising; increasing; 
spreading extensively ; 
flourishing; prosperous, 
harmonizing. To dry 
or drying- A man's name; 
the name of a district. 

Used to denote felicitous, 
joyful. Read E, Large 
and strong, a man's name. 
Muh he ~fc I ancient 
name of a species of rope 
dancing, vulgarly called jfljj' JW & 
Chaejuen s5, Treading on a supple 

He chun cha j ^ ^ h yson tea. 
He ho che she ^fl ~j? 4W- a 

flourishing and peaceful state of 

He haou e fung j |j$ :|jf ST the 
glorious times of antiquity, from 
whence customs are derived. 

He chaou jin suy 1 ^fl A jrfH 
a prosperous dynasty, felicitous to 

3353. [- ] The name of a 
hill. A surname. 


3354. He, or E. A loud 
laugh. 1 ] g&Hehe 
jen, Laughing. Read Che, 
in the same sense. Also to stop. 
Read Tc, To gnaw; to bite. 

3355. Sour; a four taste. 
He he, Thick dreg*. Name 
of an insect. 


3356. To take with the 
hand ; to wipe or brush 
off. Read Kae.To wash; 
to cleanse. 

3357. To plaster a wall ; to 
receive, take, or collect. 
To rest; to depend upon. 
Bead Ke, in the same sense. J^J |/ 

ite JH I E ne sMh " h yuS 

ke, To adorn a house with mud ; 
that is, to plaster a house, is ex- 
pressed by Ke. The same isxpressed 
by ^: 1 Too ke. 

3358. Pe-he ^ j the 
exertion of strength ; 
refers to a legendary tale, 
of a divinity splitting a- 
sunder a mountain in or- 
der to make a passage 
for a river. Strong robust appear- 

-4v 3359. PS-he 

of a sacrifice intended to 
expel evil and noxious influ- 
ences. A spring and autumnal sacri- 





Manuscript Dictionary, Ilia. Peking Dialect, Shea. Canton Dialect, Ha. 


3360. [/] Below, inferior, 
mean, vulgar. Read Hea, 
To desc.nd, to cause to 
descend. They define it 

b ?~F Fit 

~? |g Tsae hea 
X tfr 

che hea, tiiy shang che ching, 
Hea, denoting below, the opposite 
of above. Again, Jj( J^ | 
Fan shang wei hea, The contrary of 
above is Hea. ^ fife Tsae 

te hea, It is down below. T^ 
f}^J A Te hea te'th jin, A low or 
Tiilgnr person. ^B Show hea, 
Under one's hand or power. jjjS 

~f~ jS I Chs tsze te hea > Under 
the table, [i^ ' Pe hea, Steps 
delow; i. e. he, below the steps of 
whose throne Island, or, ynur .M - 
jesly. jjj\ I KS hea, Council 
chamber below; by the same kind of 
allusion, as in the last sentence, is 
used for the pronoun You, when 
addressing ministers of stale, who 
have a share in the Imperial councils. 

52 Tsuh hea, Foot below; i. e. 

You, addressed to friends and equals. 

J|^\ ] Sin hea, In the mind, or 

the thoughts. '& E hea, To 

leave in a place, to leave to one's 
PART n. o 3 

posterity. ^ Lin hea, To 

descend to inferiors, to condescend 

to - 3t pfM 1 Keun nln z 

hea hea, A prince, or virtuous nun, 

can descend to inferiors. ^ !- 
. *'\\" J- 

381: ] Woo shr-ng woo hea, Neither 
high nor low; unable to distinguish, 
ignorant ill Hwiiy hea, To 

bt-stow favors on inferiors. i 

" ^ i 

jjS? Sung hea ching, To present gifts 
to a person about to commence a 
journey. ^ F ang hea, To 

put down. 
Hea chuen j 4|j^ to embark. 

Hea ke 1 a|^ to repress anger; to 
assume soft gentle manners. 

Hea keaou tsze 1 tpS JC to get out 
of a sedan chair. 

Hca-lS $i the place where a 

person has settled, who previous- 
ly absconded ; a resid jnce. 

Healew | Jmflo ing down, denotes 

Low, mean, vicious courses. 
Hea ma 1 ^E to dismount. 

Che hea Vg 1 under the controul of; 
used instead of the pronoun /, by 
persons under the immediate con- 
troul of any local magistrate. Such 
persons are expected to shew more 

deference than those who come from 
a distance. 

Hea petti 1 gj|[ to put the pencil t 

Hea poo | |[R the lower part of 

the body. 
Hea shin & the lower parts of 

the human body ; the parts of gene- 
Hea show shoo J ^- ^jji a bond, 

in ancient phraseology. 
Hea show j| .3; to put one' hand 

to; to begin to act. 
Hea ti ] $[A to put down one's cot; 

to lodge. 
Hea ts5 1 'fe low mean conduct. 

Hea tin | ^ to lay an egg. 
Hea tsze j )^ the next time. 

Hea-tsun ] ^ or \an-gaou ^ J^ 

False St. John's island. 
Hea yui ^ next moon. 

Hea yu j ffi it rains. 

Hea wan 

to ask of inferiors. 

^% J^ 3361. A certain rush which 

T grows in water; when it 
floats on the surface of the 
water, it is called '^ Jff Teen- 
hwan-i; ; when it sinks half way to the 


UK \ 


Ixiltom it is railed l\^ yj Jin- 
hwang; nnd when it grows at Ihc 
bottom of the watrr, it is called Wf 
-|Ti_ Te-hwang. 

3362. A purging or dysen- 
tery. Used to denote A side 

S363. A surname. -Read 
/ Kea, To borrow; to 
make a supposition. 

3364. Used for 3K Hea, To 
revolve and extend to. 
Read Kea, False, to assume 
a lupposition or hypothesis. 


3365. Hea hoc 
the throat. 

3386. Ma-hea RES a 
stammering or difficulty 
of utterance. 

3367. [ 1 ] At leisure ; unoc- 
cupied ; self indulgence. 
Read Kea, Large; great. 
Been hea chfi jih ^ } ^ p 

or Hea jih 3 a leisure day. 

Hea yih j yfa leisure, ease, self indul- 
gence. Tsze kwan hea Pj ^* 
to indulge one's self. Wo hea she 

^C H^f w ' lcu I am at leisure. 
Mang chung tow hea 

to steal a liit!' 1 Iri.ure in the midst 
oftnuch occupation. 

3368. Hot, dry, bright, the 
invisible matter of heat. 

3369. A certain stone of a 
rather reddish colour; a 
stone fractured or cracked. 

Error, fault, crime; split; rent; dis- 
tant, remote : apart from ; stern ; 
severe. Name of a place; a surname; 
name of an animal. 

3370. [ - ] Looking or 
gazing at leisure; gazing 
id|y. White appearance of 

.the eye. 

337 1 . A coarse kind of stone. 

- 3372. The cancer species; 

Vpp_ lobsters, shrimps; the name 

1^^. of an insect; and ofacertain 

kind of wheeled carriage. 

Hea ma boo j 4g^ gre the name of a 


Hea k 1 yJQ name of a certain ani- 
mal. Lung hea jjj? J the lobster. 
Hea-ma 1 ^ the toad. 

3373. A certain plant. Also 
read Kea. 

3374. [ \ ] Distant; re- 
mote; far from. Clrih hea 
pelli tsze urh tW< I jlj 
' to attain to what is distant, 
it is necessary to begin with what is 

lira urt- yfh te ] || fjgfar and 

near, the same is applied to the uni- 
versal diffusion of civilization. 

3375. [\] A carnation 
colour; clouds crimsoned 
by the rising sun ; a red ap- 
pearance in the east. 

3376. That on which the 
foot treads; below the foot. 

3377. Ya-he^ ] a cer- 
tain silver collar, put round 
the necks of children with 

a superstitious intention. 


T~^ 3378. [ \ ] A reddish appear- 

I ~> ance in the eastern sky. 
Halo, vapour, Yariegated 
cloud. Yun heap I cloudj.halo. 

Chaou hea SH the sky red in 
T/J I } 

the morning denotes rain. Moo 
hea J|? the sky red in the 

evening denotes fair weather. 
Hea foo y t jja 'J*t name of a 
plant. The Grewia Microcot. 

3379. Certain kind of 
shoes. The lower charac- 
ter is also read Twan. 

3380. Talking without mea- 
sure; interminable prattle. 

3381. [ \ ] A parti-coloured 

3382. A certain fish of the can- 
cer species, and of which 

there are different sizes. 


Some are described as one cubit long, 
and others twenty or thirty cubits. 
Those have a kind of beard several 
cubits long. Used also for the small 

3383. [ / ] Summer; the 
second of the four seasons ; 
the time when nature ex- 
pands freely. Name of an ancient 
Chinese dynasty. Name of a lake. 
The nine Hea, are nine tunes played 
at court on great rejoicings. A large 
house. A large vessel used in tem- 
ples variegated with the five colours. 
Read Kea, The name of a place and 
of a wood. Also read Ho. Leth hea 
jj a term, May 7lh. Hwa 
hea 3& I a name of China. 

Heache 1 ^> the summer solstice. 
Heachaou 1 Em the dynasty Hea. 
Hea poo 1 "XF\ summer cloth ; gene- 
rally means Grass cloth. 
Hea teen '1 ^r summer season. 

3384. The name of a hill. 


3385. [ t ] A side apart- 
ment or out house. 

llra-mun 1 PH the port called A moy 
in the Province of Full-keen. 5?. 
XT Wang hea tsun, Village at 
Macao called Mong-ha. 

J S386. [/] Hea, or HTh, 
^ f^-J\ 
* l||ulkv Anger, the tone of anger s 

/"'/'J to threaten, to oppose or 
intimidate by threatening. |Wi 

Hea hot), To frighten. ]||j 
~K King hih hih hea, To alarm, to 
frighten. 5ifc Hea cha, Per- 

verse and deceitful. 

3387. HeaorTsnh. A wild, 
\\ crazed, mad manner. 

3388. Hea, or Ya. Wide 
mouthed ; gaping ; also 
expressed by pp j Pa ya. 
The wrangling of children. (MS. Dic- 
tionary.) An interjection or tone 
of alarm. A mere tone; sometimes 
used instead of distinct articulation. 
1 Han 

To rhyme, read Ho. 


ya, Appearaneeofa deep wide Tilley. 
)Kt Ae-ya, Ah ! strange ! alai ! 

^^m \ 

| |gi Ya ya pei, It the Ian- 
guage of vulgar contention. The 
two first words are intended to mock 
the muttering enunciation of an op- 
ponent ; and the lait i pronounced 
with so much force as to amount 
very nearly to spitting at him. 

3389. [ / ] Cracked, at 
an earthen vessel; iplit, 
rent; a crack, a crevice ; 
an aperture; a cleft. 

an opening. 
Hea keih j ^ a ere- 

vice, an aperture. 

3390. Kow hea hea p 
| | laughing. Sameai 
^B' Hea, A vast empty or 
desolate appearance between two 
hills. With the same pronnciation, 
it is written erroneously these several 

are pronounced Hea. 






Pronounced as if two Syllables, He-Z, but sliding into each other. Pronounced by the Tartars with a 
guttural sound, as if Hi, Manuscript Dictionary, ti&. Canton Dialect, Hap. 

13391. Kelt. The covering of 
a >urf ,-- scales of fnh ; ar- 

3392. A press or wooden 
case; a chest, box, or trunk ; 
a case of wood or paste- 
board. Also read Kea, in the same 
sense. Seang hea ^ | a chest 
or trunk. Seaou hei /j\ a 
small box, provided it be square ; 
round ones are called 'jft HO. 
Chwang heS ;|jt j a lady's dressing 
box- Shoo hea 5| | a book 
case, a portable cover made either 
of wood or pasteboard. Hih.hea 
'*!;> 1 a case for ink. Pae It-i hei 
3 ijjjj 1 a case to contain visit- 
ing cards. 

Hei keen, wei taflg ] ^ % l| [H '}% 
encloses a sword and- surrounds a 
lantern expresses an acute and lu- 
minous mind being possessed by a 
person of no great show. 

_ 3303. A particular kind of 

I *y^ bamboo. 


3394. To inhale, to swallow, 

tj S lll P- Heih 
| or Hwang hea 

the sound of many person's voices, 
clamour. Heih hea tsuy tsae 

Pr ^ ^ lhe a PP earaDCe of 
garments tucked up. Ne chin je 

hea yth tan ch a^;^ ^fe \ 

P^ /S do you avail yourself of its 
being hot, and take a draught of tea. 

3395. Joy; delight. 


3396. A kind of cage in 
which to confine a young 
tiger. The name of a 
T.ood. A scabbard. 

3397. HeS-hei, Breathing 
through the nose. 

3398. Appearance of fire; 
to dry with fire. 

3399. Accustomed to, fa- 
miliar with ; to approach 
near to ; to change ; 
to slight ; to make light 
of; to despise; to con- 
temn. Yen hei Yf 1 
pr I 

a tribe of people said to be Tery 
hairy and frghtful. 

Heiurh king che j jfjj $ ^ ap- 
proach near (to. good men) and re- 
spect them. 

Hei hwuh | ^ to be familiar with 
and despise. 

Hea neTh 1 gV close attachment to, 
for sinister purposes. 

Hea woo 1 <WB- r King heX iPp I 
I MT T*-*~ I 

to treat with irreverence, disrespect, 
or contempt; to profane; to de- 

3400. A particular part of 
dress or short garments. 

S40I. Loquacity; having 
much to say; the sound or 
noise of talking. 

3402. Hea tee J &i| 
flowers arranged, or appear- 
ing in order. 

3403. Name of a fish. Hea. 

sha I w numerous and 
I "!*$ 

arranged in order, as if for 
ornament I it',; the scales offish. 




>JK 3404. fKe. Toposscssagenerouf 
ronfidenre in ; to employ. Generally 
Read Kea, To take as under each 
arm ; to come together from op- 
posite idet. 

t ), c 

340. HeS te 
cold striking one 

3406. Crouching under a 
TT precipice, or in a cave; 
meanly lodged. 

S407. A name applied to 
several mountains in China, 
which join at top, and form 
an immense cavern below, where the 
light of the sun at nooit does not 
enter. The name of a district. 
Hea kow I [J name of a place in 
the province of Canton, where the 
opposite hills seem to make anarch 
over the river. 

I 3408. Narrow; strait; 
confined passage by land 
or by water. To be dis- 
tinguished from &fc Shea, 
The name of a Province. 
Gih hci H^ ] a strait 
dangerous passage a- 
mongst valley and moun- 
tain streams. Sin hea 
J?i the name of a place. 

1 *- i=: 
Hei nrh cliang mi JS narrow 

:im<! long : applied to boats. 
Hea yih 1 |ft a n:irrow pass. 

.- .i 31(19. 

^V 7\ f 

/ ^ H 

. H'.&'.liih j /fj name 

Hw;ie, also the name ol'a 
Hc'en and of a thow district. 
FA.RT ii. r 3 

I S410. II e<, or Hei. Kind 
A>f^ of tns<cls or other ornaments 
\/ V. that hung from the cap, ia 
ancient times 

Sill. Hea how ] 

breathing through the 
nose; snoring. 

3412. Confined on each side ; 
narrow ; strait. 

3413, Crooked; distorted 
teeth; the teeth growing 
again. Broken or deficient ; 

noise of gnashing or gnawing with 
the teeth. 

^ IK. SI 14. To mite; tj<'x: 
to agree. 


} a415. Hea. or 0, Appearance 
'C-^. of the mouths-of fislf. Fish 
I-* moving their mouths-. Ap- 
pearance of many fish. Noise made 
in laughing, as Ha ! ha ! . Read Shi, Sa, 
HS, or Ti, To suck and drink. Noise 
made in eating or drinking. Head 
He:L, A Mahomedan surname. A 
kingdom of the Teorks. (DeGuignes. 
Much used in Tartar Orthogra- 
phy, and pronounced Ha, with a 
guttural sound. I /\j Ila-mi, Lul. 
N. 43 U W. of Peking V 

3416. To li!iriuoni/.e with; 

to combine or blend with; 

to instil gradually into the 
mind ; to instil as if soaked orsU-i ped 
in water ; to extend; to pervade every 

part; saturated. I'oo-hrl , ' 
to diffuse or extend to every . 
Seang hei /j;j^ ] or llo hei |}J : 
agreeing or harinnni/iiig, applied 
to the tempers and dispositions of 
two persons. Yung hci ^l^ 
to unite or blend together. 
HeX yu min sin 1 -J* ^- <(^\ to in- 
stil into the minds of the people. 

Hei sin 1 t ^ of one mind; intimate 

y 3417. To draw into i to im- 

^^t^" bibc; to sup with the-mouth; 

/ v. ' receive as the sea does 

the riven which run into it ; to unite. 

.1.^^ 3418. The appearance of 

Apt fire 

^ k 341P. Hci, H5, or Ke?, A 
1^^^ scabbard for a sword. Name 
I j J of a wood. 

3420. An ornamented vessel. 
Head Yi, To open and 
shut a door. 

3*21. A certain sacrifice to- 
the manes of ancestors, 

whieli unites the near aud 
the more distant v to collect or unite 
together the vaiious provisions used 
in thesacrilir,-. 

422 Hei, or K5, or T4, 
^.^ A Tit appearance: a disease 
t I which induces celd or 


.Siaked a* with mint 



34-'4. Hea, or K5, Niimr.of 
^-^^ a fish found in deep marshes 
in ihape resembling the carp. 

' 3425. tiae. To injure. Read 
US, ff'liy ? 

34S6. To employ strength ; 
exertions effort. 

3427, Hea, or Hae. To 
open the mouth very wide ; 
to gape. One says, Sound. 

3428. To scratch ; to scrape ; 
to pare. 

3429. A something with 
which to support any thing 
which is bent by force ; that 

which keeps it in its position ; that 
which adjusts a bow or puts it in 
form ; a cross-bow. 

3430. The eye Injured. 
Blind, used to denote igno- 
rance of letters and intellec- 
tual darkness. 

HrS>!hniBh "] g blind of one 

Hei leang mfih jjpj E| blind of 

both eves. 
H, -I yen Jin j QjJ A a blin<1 man - 

Also called 1 ^- Hci-tsze. 

3431. To bind round, or tie 
up a thing. 


3432. The noise of a 

ed carriage ; a certain 
iron fastening at the end 
of the axle tree to prevent 
the carriage Iie'mg in- 
jured, hence the idea of 
regulating and governing. The 
name of a star. Head 118, The ap- 
pearance of turning and shaking ; 
to drag or draw to. Kw.m hei 
ffC' I to regulate; . to controul. 
L 1 Tung hei, General com- 
mand or controul. ffi Chih- 
heS, The iron pin which keeps the 
wheel of a carriage on : a moral 
regulator of the wheels of society 
the public moral). A sage ; a moral- 

3433. Filled stuffed; satiated. 

3434. HeigS ] |jl| name 
of a certain bird. Also read 

3435. Kee. Felicitous; lutf.-y. 

3436. Hei or KeTh. Endea- 
vour, effort, firm, deter- 
mined. yCT" Jjj $& 

Yu hei pe Yin heeu ch n, 
" You should use every endeavour to 

caution the good officers of Yin,' to 
avoid intoxication. 

3437. Hei, or Kee. Hei 
keen ' Kj black; d.,rk, 
injurious, crafty, wily. 


3438. The no'.se of the 
teeth gnashing or grinding 
against each other. 


To Hop 

3 1 10. Hei, or KeK. The err 
of :i camel. New chn sliing 
yue mow; to rhe ming yu* 

\ the lowing of a cow 
is called Mow, the cry of a camel i 
filled Hea. 

3411. Diligent exertion. 
Hei hei yung leih shing 

ft 1 fljtf*'"* 
hea, the sound or noise made in 

exerting strength. Leih US heS 
hci ^/ (fi ' | doing with th* 
exertion of much strength. Read 
HiS, Diligent. 

3442. Blind. 

3443. A bald appearance ; 

3 144. To look a squint. 

3415. Namsofastar. 

3446. A certain valuable 





like lit and / (when pronounced as a single IctU r) coalescing. Peking Dialect Sheae. Son r times confounded 

with Kcat. Canton Dialect, Keae. 

3447. ^t monster with lira 
hen/is and tit botiei; a 
horary character. 

3448. [-] The bones of the 
leg; the bones; thejunc- 
tion of the bones ; the 
members or parts of the 
body ; the body including 
all ils parts is expressed 
by ~^ | Pih-heae, The 
ft^. hundred members. Luh 

l^ I hcae r* the six 

the four extremities, the 

head, and the trunk. 

3 *49. To bind about, to 
hang or to suspend from. 

3450. [ N ] Suddenly alarm- 
e( ' agitated, surprized; 
dispersed, scattered. Name 
of a river ; a man's name. Used for 
sounding an alarm with a drum. 
STh hcae "^5 looked alarmed ; 

surprized or agitated by a change of 
countenance. King heae ^K j 
alarmed, frightened, astonished. 
Heae e 1 .. to be surprized; to con- 
sider strange. 

HeaegS j 1^. amazed, struck with 

surprize, astonishment. 
Heae hing K the appearance of 

fright or alarm. 
Heae tung j |Hj shook with alarm. 

3451. Keae. To warn ; to etu- 
tiom ; tf guard fgaintt. 

345Z. Gae heae 5^ [ 
Indistinct or stifled articula- 

' 3453. To take hold of; to 
grasp, to seize. 

3454. Wooden manacles or 
stocks to prevent a person 
walking ; a general term for 
weapons offensive and defensive, those 
which contain something are -called 
JS. Ke. The lance, spear, bow, 
arrow, and so on, are called Heae. 
Any craft, art, or clandestine scheme, 
is called J^ I Le heae, which also 
denotes an ingenious contrivance. 
Ping heae JK J military weapons. 

Heae tow 1 By] to fight with weapons, 

and so on. 

3453. To sound an alarm 
with a drum ; t" m;ikc ;i 
thundering noise ; to rouse 
the attention of an army; to awaken 
the regards of the world, as Sages do. 
To strikers by thunder or an earth- 


f I 3456. [V '] To cut asunder 

It divide; to unloose; It 

3457. [V ] Keae tae \ $i 
Bold, violent, assuming. 

3458. The sound or voice 
of anger. Same as ~j 

3459. A certain tree, the leaf 
of which is eaten with areca 
nut ; it has a certain flavor 
that unites with the areca nut. 

3460. A small hill separated 
from a larger one ; a valley. 
To separate. 

3461. A st. Mm that cut* 
<>(F, IT separates. P5 hcae 
>&h j a sea. Lcaou heae 

I a small stream. 



3462 [/] Heae or Heae 
chae 5* a certain 

fabulous animal. 
Chae, No 13*. 

Heae che kwan. 1 ^f /V'l* a ' 

cutioner's cap. Read Keae-, Strong, 
violent, domineering appearance-. 

3463. [ ' ] Idle, remiss, lazy. 
The Dictionaries, ail read 

Heae-tac 1 ci negligent; sluggish, 

1 3464. [Y] Name of a shell 
fish, which walks side- 
ways. Beae- or 1'ang.- 
teae- SE j l ' le eral>; 
^ so called from its side- 
ward motion, shwuy heae 
7f^ the yotiog crib. 
Kami heae 'K* an 

old crab. 

34o. [ / ] Heae-how \ 
i|o to meet without pre- 
viiiiivapnointmeiil ; accuU'iU- 
ally , fortuitously ; pleasiHl,.gratified. 

Heae how seang yu ^fir l|^J ^ 
to meet accidentally. 

3466. A particular part of 
the harness fordrawing with. 

S467. Keae. blithe preced- 
ing; all nt once. 

3408. Wind and rain to- 
gether, anil for a continuance. 
Read Krar, Water flowing 
n numerous stream*. 


3469. [- ] To pair with; 
to plough together; to 
It^ tM accord ; to harmonize ; ge- 
neral or mutual consent; harmony ; 
peace. To agree about a price. 
Name of an ancient book; name of 
a bird. 

Heae ho 1 ;foj general agreement; 
harmouy; concord, as between hus- 
band and wife. 

Hwe shing- 

HI music. 

harmony of sound 

3470. To ascend a carriage. 

347 1, A gentle- horse ; one 
that accords with the wish 
of its cider. 

3472. Certain shoes. 

3473. [ - ] L<;athr shoes; 
slices of any kind: 

; kenen ] ^jfc a last consisting 
several pieces on which the 
Chin. 8 e make their shoes. 

Heae tov 1 uj the toe of a shoe. 
1 *f\ 

iJ-V^ 3 74. Hae-hea "I'M 
ll & I- 5 * 

dsquictude of mind. 

347; The name of a fish. 
I let. | u ,,g I -J.L name of 

a "Vinity. Head Kwei, A 

( *v> 




3476. [-] Flesh; meat 
prepared in a certain 
way; all food that is 
thoroughly dressed. The 

3477. Shoes^; leather shoe*. 

3478. Bold; daring ; a strait; 
straitened; confined. 

3479. [A] Noble ; generous ; 

Heae ko | 'Iffi bold, daring. 

3480. Thoughtful and cal- 

3481. Concerned in rnind; 
the heart upset; rash, 

*-*-* 1 
34S. Hang-heaej^ j sea 

air or vapour; dewy va- 
' pours ; midnight air of the 
northern regions. A watery ap- 
pearance. Also read Hwuy, and Hae. 

3483. To exhort ; to warn ; 
to enjoin precepts or in- 

3 IS4. The name of a fuh. 

3 185. [ ' ] A certain vcge- 
fcible of the leek species, and 
which prevents skeep. A 
kind of mat. 





jp3486. Kcae. T assist ; to serve ; 
to act ; a limit, or beundary. 

3487. Dislikes; jealousies; 
envy. Ho heae "pT 
petty jealousies. 

3488. Suddenly ; with alacrity ; 

3189. Assistance, as that of 
divine beings. 

3490. Fillet or selvage that 
binds any purl of a garment, 
as about the neck or the 
knee. Large long garments that 
hang down over the knees, as a pet- 

-^A. 3491. To ray what U good. 
ft I 1 A man's name. 


349*. A leaf of m foldin; 


3493. Heae, IT Kcae. M5- 

ncae '$$ I >mall bone) ; 

ii . i 

bony. Oi.e ays, Firm, 


Manuscript Dictionary, Hieing. Peking Dialect, Shrang. Canton Dialect, Hcmg. 

* 3494. [/]FromJ(fei, Aca^e 
|ZZ] or hut, and Kovs, A mouth or 
f -^ opening. A medium of com- 
munication for the air, hemce from 
Mouth. A window opening towards 
the north ; the face directed towards ; 
opposite to; directed to an object; 
an object of thought or study; 
time which contains events to which 
the mind can be directed ; time past; 
heretofore. The points of the 
compass. The name of a place; of 
a city ; and of a country. A surname. 
IS i yfe p STh heangkinhoo, 
Stop up the window, and daub up 
the door with mud. Tso pth heang- 

naa <& dK jj 'sitting to the 
i l 1 ^ I rri 

north, and directed to, or facing the 
south,' said of houses which front 
the iouth. Seang heang /j|] 


Q 3 

opposite to, or fronting each other. 
Chung heang %& 1 the final object. 
Ting ko heang tow ^j: ^ | jjj|[ 
to fix an object; or a point of the 
compafs. Urh sMh sze heang ~ 
~\~ M twenty-four points of 

the compass. Sin heang shang fe 
jQ the heart directed upwards. 
Sin pfih heang i^\ /K ] the mind 
or heart, does not apply itself. Kwei 
sin heang jth j^t ^ | 'the 
heart of the sunflower turns to the 
sun ;' to devote to another person a 
pure heart, 1 Yih heang, or 
Heang lae 1 ^J heretofore; a 
while past. 

Heang tseen keu Tjj ^^ ad- 

vance forward. 
Heang jThkwei 1 Ft 3& the Sun- 

I r* <S\ 


Heang neen j 'ffi former yean. 

Heang ta shwS | ^jj |& said to 

Heang seen ] -yr before > recently 

3495. A woman's nam. 

3496. A window towards the 

3497. [ / ] A certain 
luable stone. 

3408. A species of fine silk. 





/y , 3499. [ v ] T take food 
a Ip I and go forth to the field to 
rl In hour) the provisions of 
husbandmen j the food of the army ; 
the duties paid lo government im- 
plying that, they are for the support 
of the army. Shang heang _ 
or N'a heang itfa 1 to pay duties, 
Chuh kow heang yin H tj 1 ;fp{ 
export duties. Tsiu kow heang ^ftj 
j] 1 expresses, Imports. Chowr 
heang fit a name given to a 

prince who murdered certain hus- 
bandmen in order to obtain their 

fleang heang ] 3f|~l I duties ; sums 
Heang yin s/Rj P a '^ * S~ 

Ternment on export and import 

Heang tang '| ^ a licensed Pawn- 
broker ; one who pays to government 
for the privilege. 

3500. [ > ] From jff} 
Kaou. High, abbreviat- 
ed, and p| Yue, To say. 
To offer up with suitable 
expressions; to. offer to 
.J a superior; to sacrifice. 

To receive the odour 
of iucense. To enjoy. 
y\ Heaou heang, 

Offerings of filial piety, at the tombs 
or temples of deceased relatives. 
Ueang fSh | jjjgj to enjoy happiness. 
Heang kwS j ^ to reign. 
Heang show j sa- to enjoy long life. 

Heang yung jjj to en joy the 

use of. 
Ueangyen ] ^ heang is merely an 

entertainment laid out in token of 
respect, without partaking of it; 
Yen, denotes a feast; not in appear- 
ance, but in reality. 

l~-n 3501. [ ^ / I Heang denotes 
I Directed towards; the place 
towards which many per- 
sons turn. Twelve thousand five 
hundred families make a Heang. 
A village. Used to denote Sound; 
noise. To turn towards ; two flights 
of steps; windows opposite to each 
other. Five houses make 3B Lin,, 
a neighbourhood. Five lin make 
Jjl Le, A lane; five Le make Ijfc 
Tsuh, A clan; five TsBh makeup? 
Tang; five Tang make JJfj Chow, 
and five Chow make Heang. 

Time past; A surname. 
Heang jlh 1 J foirner days. 

Heang laou 1 yfc the old man of* 
village, who is allowed the prece- 
dence of the rich ..and titled. A rustic. 

Heang ping =3E the criticisms of 

the village; the opinions of the 
neighbourhood respecting what one 

Heang-shin j ^A country gentlemen 
who have attained the degree called 

Heang tsun J *T a Tillage. 

Heang tanj, 'ugT par 

ations in Tillages. 
Heang yuen j J^ a hypocrite. 
Heang yuen tih che tslh yay | 

or associ- 

thief of virtue. 

3508. [ / ] For a short spacel 
of time, not of long du- 

3503. [ ' r] Over against ; la- 
wards. The same as IpJ 
Heang. See above. Wo 
heang 3[j^ p| ] 'of 
the five blessings it is said Heang,' 
i. e. press forward to them. The fire 
are, Long life, riches, peace, the lore 
of virtue, contentment with one's 

Heang pel | ^ towards the back. 

Heang ming urh che 1 ^} f^j jp 
to rule in the fall blaze of day. 
Said of the sages, who do not affect 
the works of darkness. 

3504. [.] Steam arjsing 
from heated grain. 
Smell or fragrance. Name 
of a place. Used to de- 
note Sound. 

3505. [ / ] Name of sn 
insect of the silk worm 

3506. Sound ; to respond ; 
language inelegant, or 
vicious; of short duration. 



: K\ 

3507. A kiadof beef soup. 

3508. The noise made by 
a door; at the door, or 
between the steps up to it. 

A kind of window. 

3509. [v] Sound; noise; cla- 
mour; a floating sound. 
Heang ying. j fig to 
answer ; to respond. Fang 

being ~lj a certain 
instrument of music. 

3f f 3510. [ V ] To entertain or 
give a banquet to a guest. 
The name of a sacrifice; to 

offer sacrifice. 

e I iffP to sacrifice. Shang 

f/lj arC * ne tWO C ' >s i"g 

fords usual in written prayers which 
accompany sacrifices, and imply a 
request that the gods- or spirits 
would come and partake. 

3511. [-] Fragrant ; odori- 
ferou v as plants ; fragrant 
incense ; frdgrant wood ; 
effluvia contained in the air or caused 
by the wind. Name of a plant, and 
of awine; ofahill, of a river, and of 
a man. Name of a pavilion. B% 

1 Shay-heang, Musk. 
Heang gan ac a table with, in- 
cense; an altar, whcth r before an 
idol, or when, doing homage to the 
Emperor, or any document received 
from him. 

Miang-shan-hecn | |'j J|| thedis- 
tr'.cton which Macao issitualed. The 
principal town is ; boat halfway from 

Canton to Macao. Tho Magistrate 1 
of that district. 

King heang |y J to burn incense, 

or perform worship. 
Heang koo 1 ^jj the champignon. 

Heang laou I jfe the priet of a 
temple who offers inccuse. 

Heang loo j iffia a censer. 

Heang mdh | -ft? odoriferous woods, 
in Chinese Botany, include Cloves, 
camphor, and myrrh. 

Heang nang 1 3p a little bag con- 
taining something fragrant to hang 
about one's person. 

Heang hwa tsae 1 T ^L a species 
of pulegium, Penny-royal. 

Heang yen 1 jffijthe smoke of in- 

3513. A disease of the breath. 

3513. [-] Shayhe. n g.|| 
I the musk; the navel of 

au animal. 

3514. Yung heang^ 
unsubmissive, unsubdued. 

3515. A sail made 
a sail furled. 

3516. Yungheang^f 
a dug dragged unwillingly. 

3517. A certain leguminous 

35 1 8. Heant; tliwang 1 
to vt md erect, to mk.e n" 

3319. To strike; to knock. 

3520. [ - ] Ancient pr&- 
nunciatioo Kfang. To 

descend ; to come down 


/^ from a higher place ; to 

x^|-N^, condescend; to fall; to 

^ submit ; to cause to come 

down or submit. 

Heang chlh | j|ffi to put down to * 

lower situation or rank. 
Heang che 1 jgf to send down an im- 
perial order. 

Heang low j 1$^ a certain star. 
Heang yTh pin j -^ pp"\ to de- 
Heang yTh kelh j - ^/ grade 

to a lower place one step. 
Heang sin 1 y\ to submit one's 

mind to. 
Heang sing 1 /[- to condescend to 

be born into the world. 
Heang Wh seang tsung j ^ ^| 

IM^ to yield or give way to other 


35S1. ['] The back part 
of the head or neck, that 
which rests on the pillow; 
the strings which tie a cap behind 
Name of a state; a surname. Lar. e ; 
great A word in frequent use denot- 
ing Kind, sort, species ; item ; thing. 
Ko beang sing le ^& /gr Jig 
all torts of trade. Vih heaug I 
one Item. 





Heang heang ^ 1 duties. 
Heang hea we Uing 1 ~T> 
one item not cleared off. 

3522. Appearance of much 

3523. To bear burdens; 
one who is capable of help- 
ing much, is in Shan-tung 

arid Che-keang, expressed by Heang. 

3524. Name of a plant. 

S525. [ f ] A public path ; 
a lane ; a street. Pe heang 

$& | abyelane. Yung- 

heangTK a kind of piazza iu a 
palace, or a 'place of confinement 
for the ladies of the palace. Yung- 
hcang is also a designation of the 

Emperor anil of king>. Keae /^ 

denote* a straight street; Heang 1 

a crooked or winding one. 

Heang pih J /dj an eunuch. 

3526. Prepared; a kind of 
path or road. 

3527. [-] Swelling; swelled. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Hlao. Peking Dialect, Sheatu. Canton Dialect, Hew. 

3528. [ - ] To lay across ; 
to blend ; to imitate ; to 
comply with the wishes of 
another person; meritorious. Cer- 
tain of the symbols or species of things 
called :gf Kwa, Motion. Luh heaou 
y7^ 1 expresses certain of the Kwa 
and certain numbers. 

3529. Heaou, or Keaou. To 
imitate; to accord with, 

3530. [ / ] Duty and obe- 
dience to one's parents ; 
filial piety, duty to superiors. 
Some writers make it include every 
virtue. It is placed at the head of all 
moral excellence; and Lewdness at 
the head of every vice. 
Heaou bing | ^ dutiful conduct. 

Heaou king I try dutiful and respect- 

Heaou king | jjj? name of a book > 
well known in China. 

Heaou foo moo ^ -f^: to per- 
form one's duty to fatherand mother. 

Heaou shun 1 l|p dutiful and sub- 

Heaou te ] tjjlj duty to one's parents 
and to one's elder brother. 

Heaou tsze 1 - a dutiful son. 

)|_^ a dutiful mind. 

353 1 . Celerity ; chearfulness. 

3532. A certain beam in the 
roof of a house. 

3533. Name of a itone; aa 
uneTen stone. 

3534. Keaou. To lay ttrot* 

each other ; to blend. 

3535. [>] Good ; excellent ( 

beautiful. A surname. To 

blend. ^ 

A ^ "^ YuS 

he, keaou jin leaou he, When the 
pale moon goes forth how fine the 
appearance of a beautiful woman. IB 
fliis quotation, some write the word 
Jf^ Keaou. In some parts of the 
country, ^ ^ | fj | 

Fan haou wei die Keaou, What- 
ever is good is railed Keaou, Occurs 
in the sense of ^ Keen, and ot 




King te lieaou haoi. 
a good figure. 

3536. [ f ] To apply 
one's strength to, in obe- 
dience to some order, or in 
imitation of some pattern ; aim at, 
or wish to effect, some work. The 
proofs of having exerted strength ; 
the effect produced by meritorious 
service. l&jf? ||jj| 7$j] ~f] Tsing 
yuen heaou le'Th, Voluntarily exert- 
ing one's strength in the service of 
another. Which is also expressed by 
! ZJ5 Heaou laou. iB Paou 

heaou, To serve as a recompence 
for some favor received. 

Heaou fa j 'S" to act agreeable to 

some rule. 
Heaou leth ' ~J~l to exert one's 

strength in compliance with the 

wish of a superior. 

Heaou yen j c| proofs of some 
cause existing ; effects. 

This character is properly written 
/Jjjj Heaou, though having been 
handed down erroneously, and used 
for a long time, it is now -common 
in the above form. 

3537. Read Keaou, A beau- 
tiful woman ; artful. 
Read Heaou, Lewd; dis- 
solute. A surname. 


R 3 

3538. [ / ] A blending of 
hearts; hilarity; chcarful- 
ness ; cleverness. Read 
Keaou, in much the same sense. 

3539. [/] Like; to learn of; 
to imitate ; effort, exertion ; 
merit; effects, results, to offer 
up to, to advance. To beefficacious, 
applied to medicines. ?hin heaou 
jijljj 1 divinely efficacious 

Heaou fi ' N^ to imitate ancient 

Heaou pin j ^ganugly woman affect- 
ing the little contractions of the fea- 
tures which add grace to a pretty 

Heaou yew y^ to imitate and ex- 
ceed the original in a bad sense. 

S540. To imitate; to 
make something a law, 
or rule. Fang heaou *J6 
] Heaou fa 1 'liand Tsih heaou 

till to conform to some rule. 

X J i 

Tsze wuh he heaou na ko yang 
tsze tso teih |H> Afel /fig 1 


made according to that pattern. 
Kung heaou ~$\ meritorious 

Heaou laou | j 

to labour or exert 
one's self agreeably to the wish of 

Heaou yen ffi effect, or conse- 


3541. [ '] The stem or 
handle of a certain vessel; 
the foot of a vase ; the cross 
bar which serves as a foot to a 

certain stand. Head Kraou, To eon 
fine within wooden bar, A kind of 
public school; to compare ; to 


3543. Name of a rivrr 

3543. Variegated with bl;ick 
and yellow, and with azure 
'^ and yellow ; a kind of sash 
or bandage. Read To, To bind ; to 
tie or twist ; to strangle. 

^* S344. To taile provisions 
of any kind except rice ,- 

provisions taken to tlir 
field, or on a rambling excursion 

3645. Sound ; nowt- 

3546. [-] The name of a 
hill; and of a river. 

3547. Timid; fearful. 

-o yf 3548. [ - ] Mixed, blended, 

~*f+~~} confused. To mix metals ; 

J^^ pulse, employed as food; 

victims ; flesh and bones. The name 

of a place. Occurs in the sense of 

'yk Hoaou. 

Heaou leg j ^|J separated ; arranged. 

Heaou 1 expresses a certain yessel 
filled with flesh in temples. IITh Xj 
are the fruits which fill another vessel. 





Ilraou-hth ])}>|> every species of 

food with the exception of grain. 

3549. A certain plant the- 
juice of which quenches 

3550. The name ofa river. 
Confused ; mixed. 

w -w 

Heaou hwan j yjj! or reversed, Hwan 
heaou, Thick muddy water 

\355I. Rude speech ; dif- 
^ ~Jf respectful language. 


3559. Nameofacity. Name 
of a hilK Read Gaou, The 
name of a city. 

5553. Food; provisions. 
Heaou* chan VTE provi- 
sions, victuals. 

3554. Heaou heaou 1 
large appearance-. 

3555. [-} CalHn. 
loud cry; the roar of wild 
animal*; the voice of an^er 
or r.gc. Pjij ] Paou heaou, The 
cry of enraged tigers or leopards. 
The cry of an alarmed swuie. 
Heaou chuen | (^ to pallt and 
breathe as in tsthnia. 

355f>. Vapour, steam, or 
smoke ascending. 

3551. A dog or pig in a 


3558. [ - j Heaou ping j 
^jfi or Heaou heaou 
a disease of the throat ; in- 
cessant coughing which makes a 
person stoop as if doubled. 

3559. Heaoa Ifih 1 ^ 
hilly, mountainous; billy 
state of a country. 

3560. A pig running; the 
squeaking, of a pig in a 

3561. A certain animal omi- 
nous of good. 

3562. [ - ] False; not 
genuine. Head Kcaou. j 
<p|; Keaou h'mg, Unremit- 
ir,g in the pursuit of gain. Read 
Yaou, JJ Tseaou yaou, A tribe 
of short foreigners situated on the 
South-east. They ate said to be but 
three cubits high. 

1- 3563. [-] Fear, appre- 
* _ ' hsnsion. The uninterrupted 
J \^ tone of grief. 
Heaou heaou che peon 3>fr 


Itjlt a clamorous debating in vin- 
dication of one's self. 

3^64. Fearj.appriherston. 

3565. [\\ Light clear. 
The morning ; intelligent, 
knowing. Clearly discrimi- 
nated ; perspicuous; Luminous i, ap- 
parent and easily understood; plainly 
slated; fully promulgedas in govern- 
ment proclamations. 

Heaou che ] "/ to illustrate it. 
I *< 

Heaou chung j ^ffl the morning bell. 

Heaou yu ||jj a clear, per- 

spicuous proclamation, or other 
official notification. 

3566. White; clear; bright. 

3567. [-] Heaou, or Keaou. 
A gentle good horse ; skilful 

1 '** ' performance of a certain 
game which consists in throwing a 
reed into a narrow mouthed vessel 
and catching it again with the hand 
as it starts out. 

Heaou ke keaou | |p| M a certain 
military officer. 


> L, 

I^P ^^ 

[ - ] Paou heaou / Ei 
] violent temper or spirit; 
boastful. Head Hew, Ex- 
cellent; harmonious, good, blessed 
and affluent. 

35C9. [-] The vulgar form 
of vk Heaou, Elegant, har- 
monious good. 

35TO [ -] To call te;the 
sound of a [,ij>e or reed 1 
T^ Hcaiiu-yu, To call out 
aloud; clamour. Read Heaou, Great 
noise and clamour. Also read H5, Ha 
hS | stern, sevcre v cruel ap- 


' T 


pearunce; harsh, stern, loud voice. 
Somesay, Sound or noise. Ones;i\s, 
Joy and rejoicing ; distressingly hot. 

3" 571. A tall strong dog. 

3572. Whist Hng sound of a 
thing passing rapidly. 

3573. A sfiort nosed dog-. 

357*. ( - ] Same as the 
preceding. Read Ksaou, 

3575; [ - ] Hollow root of a 
tree ; hollow ; empty. Name 
of a star; any thing hungry 
famished or empty ; a hungry person. 

Vuen heaou 77- 1 name of a star; 
f\~ j 

to regulate ; to adjust. 
Beaou fuh jin 1 Iff! A a man with 


an empty belly an unfurnished 
mind; an ignorant person. 

3576. [- ] Name of a bird 
wliich has a hoarse or dis- 
agreeable note; third whose 
flesh is not frt to eat; of another 
specie:* soup i< made. Name of a 
brute- animal 1 . 

357T. [ - ] Hen, Haou, or 
Heaou, The cry or roar of a 
tiger; to intimidate. 

3578. [- J A, clever artful 
woman; a woman- of an 
intelligent mind. 

357a [ - ] Boasting ; talking 
big; alarm or surprise. Read 
Keaou, The crowing of a 
cock. Read Paou, Bombast; in- 
flated or flowery talking without 
any reality. Paou-paou, Sound, 
noise. Read Leaou or Laouv j pl^j 
Leaou-taou, Many words; verbose. 
Head Mew, Syn. with |P Mew. 

i i.i; 

ehay <],( wunj TCII \:iy, Tlie irregular 
confuted talk of:i unrtm-ip 7 p 

# ^ .& 1 1 18*7* 

ehay ke chc pao-.i pnou- jen, A road 
maii' ideas and language am inflated 
and extravagant. 

3580. [.] From four Mouthi 
and Head. The breath or 
voice ascending above the 
head. To make a noie ; to voci- 
ferate; noise; vociferation ; noie of 
a market place. See under Oaou. 

3581. [-] AyeHow coloured 

3588. [ ^ ] White ; very white; 
clear ; bright ; splendid ; 
manifest ; apparent. Read 
King, Whits. Read Plh, Taitrike. 
Heaou fan I /RV a set out of food in 
which 1 Plh, White, applied to> 
dishes occurs thrice 


Manuscript Dictionary, Hit. Peking Dialect, Shit. Cantoo, Hetp. 

3583. To accord with; to 
unite; to rhyme with, 
applied to sounds. 
Bee yun ] gH two syllables that 
rhyme. - ^ =|p San to 

beS keih, I wish you an union and 
an abundance of the three blessings, 

' IS H ^r ff Fah . sho ". 

tsze nan, Happiness, long life, and 
male children. 

3584. United strength or 
effort; urgent. Head Lee, 
Unwearied ceaseless effort. 
Si'n le^h eang tsnng, hfie che e yay 

H^^l^ 1 

Three strengths united, jives the 
sense of He'f. 

3585. Union of thought; 
harmony of sentiment. 

3586. To take or lift up ( 
to put, to drag. A man 4 * 




S587. Agreement; con- 
cord ; union ; harmony 
pervniling amongst many; 

tto yield cordially. |pj 
(li 1 # TUD? S ' n 
he'e le'lh, With one heart 

and united strength, fgj jpf 

^jjv Tung yin he? kung, Same re- 
verence and united respect; i. e. 
mutual respect, cherished by prince 
and ministers ; superiors and inferiors. 
~K E- iijjj Hea min ke he?, 
The people respectful and cordially 
submissive. T!^- Tffl |wi" ^jlj ']} 
yd* jffl ^ 4^. Tseang ta 

ting no chiih lap, he? le sze woe, 
Take and bring him forward to join 
in the management of business. 
The title of a military officer of the 2nd 
or 3rd ranks ; the place of his com- 
mand precedes this title, as ISj 
Kwang he?; the He? of Kwang- 

He? chin j g^OL title of a military 
officer, entrusted with the command 
ofa garrison, and the defence of a 

He<? ling ^ a sort of Major 
General in the army. 

Hi e ho wan pang ] 

unite in harmony all nations. 

He? pan ta he8 sze 
J; title of the fifth and sixth 
ministers of state, in China. 

35B8. To inspire, and to close 
the mouth 


3589. The sides of an ani- 
mal body ; the ribs; the 
parts below the arms. 
The front middle and hin- 
der parts of a victim. 
To receive or gather 

together ; to reprimand. Pih he? 

i|tJ to intimidate by strength 

and force. 

a certain stop for a 

Hre keu 1 


He? tun 1 F^akind of shield. 

He'e tso he? yew | ^ fjjj 
left and right sides. 

>M> 3590. A bank or dam raised 
to obstruct water. 

3591. Fear, apprehension, 
to cause fear ; to intimi- 
date by a display of 

* 3592- Appearance of water 

3593. Vapour, smoke or 
fumes from heat ascending 
with rapid force. 

3594. Hc'She^ "] the 
cold striking one. 

He? hea 4 yA blending together as 
a freezing mixture. 


3595. Generous and disin- 
terested ; forward to exert 
one's self in behalf of others ; 
emulous to do what is noble and 
disinterested ; an undaunted spirit 
in the cause of what is conceived to 
be right. Haou he? 5=5 1 wealth 
and power exerted in the cause of 
justice and humanity. Ping sang 
yew he? ke 3-'i o7 /If | ^f\. 
through life possessed a generous 
disinterested spirit Jin he? 'f-J- 
a generous confidence and disinterest- 
ed, undaunted friendship. (Woo- 
chay-yun-foo.) Used for 3jfa Kea, 
To take under the arm. Also read 
Kei, in the sense of Kea, By the 
side. Commonly, but erroneously 
written thus 

disinterested and ar- 
Le e he'e Ice che jin 

He?le? 1 
dent mind. 

i ^& 1 
la 3% ] 

ardent and disinterested mind, stu- 
dious of moral propriety and justice. 

He? tan 1| Jj[[ the courage of a great 

3596. To take hold of; to 
assume or take upon one's 
self; to support; to carry with 
one, as under the arm ; to store up 
or lay by ; to conceal ; to cherish ; to 
protect| to assemble or gather toge- 
ther. To break or destroy. Read 
Tsee, To extend to ; to pervade. 
He? che yew keu ^ ;Hp jk Jj| 
to have ability to undertake any 

He'?kwei 1 "(3to assume on account 
of one's rank. 

ii KK 



He'g kung j f=t to take p or carry 
a bow. 

He'6 shoo | JP to conceal books. 
A crime, which was by the law, of the 
Tsin dynasty, to be punished by de- 
struction of the whole kindred. 

He'S tseu Jjj/ to nip or squeeze, to 

He'S | to assume. Ke jt to insult. 

3597. He'S, orKee". A sheaf 
of grain. 

3598. Ho. To interrogate ; 
to stop. 

3599. To desist ; to stop ; 
to rest awhile ; to terminate. 
Gan hee' O2. rest; com- 

Hee 1 choo 1 ^p to make a temporary 

stop ; to stay ; to desist. 
He'g che *4~ a stoppage of the 

pulse which precedes death. 
Hee hwflh 'Ayf deep, profound, 

gloomy, sombre appearance. 
Hee yih bee + 1 to stop or 

rest a little. 

He kung j "f" to stop work. 
He'8 ne'g | Jj| to stop business; a 

delicate expression for failure or 

Hee show j ^. to disistfrom acting 

or working. 
Hee selh | ^ to desist for a lime, 

to rest a while. 

S600. An insect with a sting. 

S60I. A dog with a ihort 
snout. Fear ; to terrify ; 
to intimidate. Read Ke$, 
in the same sense; also 
denoting Fierce. Read 
Heae, A dog stinking. 

3602. Hee hwang 1 
a large boat or ship. 

3603. He'g, or H<5, An in- 
sect whose sting is said to 
be very poisonous. 

360+. Hee, or H5. Hee 
kwiih \ <SS the bone of 

I F3 V 

the shoulder. 

3605. Hee-hang \ i$\ 
flying up and down. 

3606. The head of a human 
body ; a head; a numeral of 
bundles of paper, and of 

books. Che yih hee #ff- 1 
a bundle of paper. Shookc beg ||t 
j several cases of books. 

3607. HTh-he'g 
name of a state. 


'"'"' ^"iglit up. A mr.'. 
n arae, who, in ancient ti met, 
framed the written cha- 
racter. Read Ke'J, A certain kind of 
carriage or part of a carriage. To 
take away by force ; to plunder. 

Heg fei 1 ^ to fly straight up. 
He hwi | ffi slippery ; deceitful; 


3609. A certain kind of 
silk. By Kang.bc, read Siw 
and Sun<r. 

3810. To moasure; to rr. 
strict, to bind and ascertaia 
the quantity. The nsmr 
of a river: ouc of nine Read 
Keg, Clear ; pure. 



a red appearance of the cyei. 

3612. To restrict, to measure 
or ascertain the quantity. 
Read Kei, To grasp; to 
strike. Head See", Distorted; to 
close or stop up; to brush away and 

3613. A certain part of dress, 
short garments. 

3614. By Kang-he read GTh. 
Name of a ti*h. 


S 3 






Manuscript Dictionary, Hten. Peking Dialect, Sheen, Canton Dialect, nee*. 


3615. [ >] Respresents a 
man standing -on the top of 
a mortar; a small pit; a pit 
such as is dug to take or ensnare 
tigers by. To fall into a pit; to 
cause to fall. Also read Kan. 

3616. The noise made by 
a dog. 

3617; A deep sunken eye. 
Read KeS, in a similar sense. 

3618. Name of a. stone. 
Read Kan, Rooks or stones 
rushing down from a 


3619. To eat flesh without 
being satiated ; still to 
swallow down; to gorman- 
dize. Read Han, Thoroughly boiled 
or matured. 

3620. The ring of a wheel; 
a ring; used to express 
sinking down. Read Kan, 

A Innd of censer or stove. 

3621. To express anper with 
the teeth ; to gnash the teeth. 

-* fc- . 3622. [ I ] To fall down; 
LjL J to descend into ; to fall 
I ^* into a pit; to ruin or to 

be ruined; to fall down 
as a wall. To sink, either 
a Neuter or an Active 
Verb ; to sink or involve a person in 
some calamity; 

Been hae ] ^ to involve and 
injure; to cause a person to fall into 
some, mischief. 

Keen kang | ta to fall into a pit or 
snare ; to fall into depraved, vicious 
practices, which sink or lower the 
rational nature of man. 
He'en neih jjjji to sink, literally 

or figuratively To sink in vice and 
He'en tsirg 1 it to fall into a well. 

3623. All kinds of pastry 
made like little pies; 
cakes of rice or flour, 
indented and filled with 
tasty things. 

3624. The name of a fish ; 
vulgarly called The mother 
of all fish. Also read Keen 
and Taon. 

3625. Read Keen, To look; 
to see. A cloth cover for a 
coffin ; mixed. Read Heen, 
To be seen; to discover; to view j 
to expose ; to manifest ; manifestly ; 
to recommend to notice. The morn- 
ing of the day. 

Heen-tsae 1 A now existing; now; 
about this time. Commonly written 
Heen, in this sense. 

3626. [V ] Heen or Keen, 
A | Like ; to be compared to. 

\f\ 1 -?r* ~f At- Heen teen 

" \^- I S\-K~-7& 

che raei, Like a celestial woman for 
eminent virtues. pgj Heen 

been, A kind of spy sent amongst the 
enemy. In some works, the same if 
expressed by ^ Tee ; and in the 
style of the present day, by 2|}J yp 
Se tsS. It also denotes A vane or 
weathercock. Occurs in the sense of 
Heen, To look. fa fa ] 

Sin sin been been. To look 
about under apprehension. 

He'eji km che se ts5 j $* ^ jw 

lice?-,, is the modern Se-l0' or spy. 

3627. [ - ] Mud; mire; a 
large bank or dike. 




328. [ \ ] A -woman's name. 

3629. [*] Name of a hill; 
a small but dangerous hill. 
A mountain level at the 

top. Ta.heen -fc J the name of 
a hill. 

3630. The sun appearing 
after rain or snow. Read 
Ne'en, The light of the sun ; 

bright ; splendid. 

3631. f/J The splendour 
of a precious stone; ma- 
nifestation; to manifest; 
manifest at this time; as now appears. 
Heen tseen ] "mj "j all express Now 
Hi-en mflh j g [ manifested ; as 
Heen tsae j 1fc) now ; appear- 
ing; existing at this time. The last 
example is most frequent. 
Heen tsae fuh ] ; fjfjj that person 
of Buddha who now reigns over the 
world; viz. Me r,h Fuh. 
Been yin ^ Qfy ready money. Its 
opposite is Shay chang R4; FU| on 

/^J SV* 


-. 363?. [ V ] The eyes start- 
Li tl i.;g out. A man's name. 
^^^^ small eves. 
Hccu-hecn 1 to look furtively, 

as when afraid. 

HHen-hwan | f]^ gpod-looking ; 
pretty ; handsome. 

3633. ['J The coanser parts 
of .grain alter it is pounded 
into meal. 

3634. [ f ] Heen-ti.-i'- 
jy. a certain vegetable with 
a reddish stalk. Re id linn 
or Hwan, A laughing appearance ; a 
wild sheep or goat with a small horn. 

3635. Name f a certain in- 
sect; name of a lake. 

3636. [\] Speaking in a 
low tone or whisper. A 
man's name. 

3637. A small spear-like 
weapon; aboard carried in 
the hand. Seen heen ^J 

a small chissel for cutting with. 

3638. The name; a certain 
barrier or limit. 

3639. [ - ] Repose ; leisure ; 
nt pressingly occupied ; 

|/>|>J people who live retired, not 
in the government; sometimes used in 
a bad sense for idle, sauntering ; soft, 
low voice in conversation. A cre- 
vice or opening; near to. Read 
Keen, A crevice; a space between, 
s:iid of place or time; to make 
a space or interval ; to bear with ; 
to diminish; noise of a earring- 
Name of a bow; of a place, and of a 
man. To punish by military fore.' : 
to subdue; to spy; to separate by 
slander. Fee Ke'e . Tsing lic'on -^ 

1 purele'sure; having nothing to 
do; or careless and unwilling to dci 
any thioj. Tfh been ^ I to be 
at leisure. Piili tih 

j not at leisure. 

He, ii In- a ] n |lj trill, ..^ tint chat. 
II nh a j J|j^ at |,.i, urc . 

Heen ban 1 V. "] 

j It I ,,n id 
i show J -I" j 

Hiicn jin mee i t^in 

loungers arc not pormited to entrr. 
Heen keu che szc j )j ^ ~T* 
scholar who resides in retirement, 
unoccupied w.tli p-ililic business. 
Heen sze I ^S private affairs that 
do not call for general interference ; 
trifling affairs. 

Heen tsing j ^jf a soft gentle dispo- 

, 3640. [ x /] A martial, for- 
midable, commanding ap- 

36H. [ -] Heen, or Heen 
ya 5jf| elegant, accus- 

tomed to. 

3642. [ - 1 ] The heart ex- 
panded. Large ; free ; liber- 
al, 'easy appearance, pleased, 


Heen jen | ^ pleased, tranquil 
the heart enlarged, or the mind di- 
videJ ; hence it also denotes Being 
roused by the errors or vices of 
others; in this sense used for the 

3643. Acting with ardour and 
zeal , impetuous, as -when 
roused to act in battle 

Heen jen ^- ardently, boldly, 


361-1. [- ] Disease, a di>eise 
of children which throw* 
them iuto tits : the filling 



sickness ; vul^arl) called X* - J-- 
j Fa-\ ig-toaou. 'Ihi per-on 
falli down suddenly, rolls the eyes, 
gapes, clenches the hands works with 
the feet, foams at the mouth, and 
after a while revives. To be swelled 

3645. A division amongst dogs. 
Dogs fighting i the noise 
made by dogi fighting; fierce, 


3646. [ - ] A child in a con- 
vulsion in which much of 
the white of the eye is dis- 
covered; looking up as to the sun 
and exposing the white of the eye. 
A horse that shows the white of its 
eye. To look. 

3647. [ - ] From door and a 
Wooden bar ; something that 
opposes entrance or progress. 

a barrier ; a fence ; a fold or place 
to feed horses in ; to fend off; to 
establish rules or laws against; to 
guard against ; to defend ; to protect. 
Large or great ; to be accustomed to ; 
having seen much. Used to denote 
At leisure ; easy ; familiar ; negligent ; 
idle, to screen. Fang been nfj 


to guard against. Ma been yb\ 
a place to breed horses ; one Keen 
contains 216 horses. 

Heen been 1 ] appearance of men 
and women coming aud going; 
moving; agitated. 

He'en h>o j f^ *i a door where any 
Leeu mun j W J lounger may en- 


ter; this use of the word is impro. 

3648. The name of a wjod. 

3649. Fits, convulsion* or 

falling sickness to which 

' children are subject; 

they call it a kind of 

3650. f - ] A certain bird 
in form resembling a 
wildfowl, its tail is three 
or four cubits long. 

3651. Keen. A hand grasp- 
ing stalks of grain; to connect 
or join together. 

3652. [ - ] The crop or craw of 
a bird ; the first stomach of 
an animal. Having some- 
thing contained in the mouth. Read 
Keen, A kind of pouch below the 
chin, in which it is said, a species of 
monkey stores its food. Used in the 

sense of fjjfr Keen, What is inade- 
quate ; a deficiency, a failure. 

1 7L $& Hfe ' en hten che lTh> A 

very smrll degree of virtue. 


|j ^ j Jt Neaou hgen 

jow, fuh ke shang, The birds 
having flesh in their mouths fly upon 
it. Sin been che ;j% ~J^ 

Pjl ~/ 

Hated him in his heart. 


~jfc _y|. Cl'ow che, urh 
woo keen yu |e, Snu'lled it, and 
shewed no dislike with the nose. / a, 

;r?r% I Shih tsin yu? been, To 

jin. * * l 

eat up entirely is c:illed Heen. Read 
Keen in the sense of =|Keen, Hum- 
bb; retiring. Keen tuy 1 j. 
humbly withdrew ; or stepped back. 
In the phrase Keen jang 1 
humble, yielding, retiring; ||| Keen 
is generally used. A sheep with four 
horns is said to he denomii a'ed 1 
Heen. Read Ke'e, To be filled ; satis- 
fied, delighted; full of self, presuming. 

,3653. [-] The heart drawn 
different ways; forming or 
having partialities and an- 
tipathies ; disquieted; jealousy ; sus- 
picious, to dislike, to have an aver- 
sion, to something of ill-will, a preju- 
dice against. Seaou been /J\ | 
a petty dislike He'S been M. 
to cherish a dislike to ; to havean ill- 
will, this invalidates accusations. 
Heen e \ ^dislike and suspicion. 

Heen ke ] ^ to dislike and reject 
or refuse; applied to presents and 
to the person who offers them. 
Been shaou 1 /J? to reject (a dona- 
tion) because it is too small. 
^ ff 3654. Suspicion; jealousy; 
VlScD- dislike. Used for the pre- 
|/|>|V ceding. Head Le'en, A 
curtain. Read Keen, To" gnash the 
teeth with resentment or indignation; 
great dissatisfaction. 

3655. [-] See Han. 


3656. f-]Hoo hcen 
adiscase of the throat, which 
occasions a stoppage of the 


3657. To be Delipved by 
superiors, and, from not 
demeaning one's self with 

modesty, to excite the jealousies 
and ill-will of obserTers. Read 
Keen, Humble, contented. 

3659. [-] Heen or Han. The 
taste of sea water; salt 
taste; salted; preserved in 
brine; the name of a place. Kwo 
been jj^ 1 too salt. 

Heen-yu chth 1 -^ V"l' fi* sauce. 
m v / I 

Heen tsae j IttL salted vegetables. 
Heen-yu j ^ 8a lt fish. 

3680. [ - J Great talent; 
to surpass others. Com- 
posed of Faithful, States- 
man, and pear!. Vir- 
-- - - tuous; moral; worthy; a 
l| * term of respect applied 

both to men and woman, to wives and 
to noblemen, in direct address. Shing 
heen l|P sages and worthies. 

|| 1 Tsze heen, Self-righteous; 
Heen how 1 |& worthy nobleman. 

He'en tse 1 -^jj: good or virtuous wife. 
Heen tih 1 1& great moral virtue. 

Heen tsae | ~Jf talent accompanied 

with morals. 



Heen jin J\^ a worthy, moral, 

virtuous man. 

. Difficulty; distress j 
sound i noiie. 

3662. A certain herbaceous 
plant; the stalk of a plant. 

J 366S. Hewn. The colour of 
heaven, a dark, sombre colour ; 
denotes Heaven, heavenly . The 
earth is said to be yelleui ; a 

3664. The strings of a bow, 

3665. [ - ] To tut one'* 

3666. A woman's name. 

3667. [ - ] That which con- 
trouls a bow. The strings of 
a bow ; the appearance of 
the moon in her quarters when she 
has the form of a bow. The name 
of a country ; a surname ; the names 
of several places. Used for the strings 
of a musical instrument; a quick 
vibrating pulse. Shang 

he'en, The first quarter of the moon. 
"PC Hea-heen, The last quarter. 

36G8. The name of a plant. 


3669. [-] Precipitate, hasty 

S670. [ - ] The string of a 
musical instrument. 

the itring of in 


He'en seen 

Heen sS j ^ stringed instrumenU 

yrnerally. San hi-en j 1 an in. 

strument with three strings. Tan 

he'en y'ji ( | to play on a stringrd 

He'en ko che shing ' 3t '/^ j\< 

the sound of stringed instrument" 

and songs. 

367 1. [ - ] The bow or side 
of a boat. 

3671. [ - ] The guts or tripe 
of a cow. The name of a 

3673. To walk ; to go. 

-t 3674. The sun appearing 
amongst the small t" 
trees as amongst threads of 

silk ; to manifest, or be manifest ; 

light; splendour. Ornaments for 

the head. A surname. 

3675. To cut or pare off. 

3676. [ 1 ] Light ; manifest ; 
apparent; conspicuous; il- 
luktriout; to illustrate ; to 




exhibit; manifestly apparent; divine 
glory. Teen yew heen taou ^ /^J 

1 S||the ways of providence are 
apparent. Shin-heen jj^lj) | or ^pj. 

I Ling heen, Divine or spiritual 
splendour; glory. 

Heen choo ^& manifest to the 
world; illustrious; to manifest. 

Heen kaou 1 ^j- illustrious father- 
said of the deceased. 
Heen ming 1 ^j an illustrious name. 
Been pe 1 Oft' a deceased mother. 

j /T^W 

Heen yew tsin taou 

there is manifestly secret plunder 

(of the public money.) 
Heen ta J manifested; made 

known ; become famous. 
Heen tsin 1 ^ to give celebrity to 

one's relations. 
Heen yung 1 & having celebrity; 

lustre ; glory ; illustrious. 

3677. Together with ; as 
if placed together by the 
hand. Otherwise read 

3078. Name of an insect 
er shell-fish; the muscle 
or cockle. The ene is 
distinguished by the 
term black, the other 
by white. 

Keen tang ] j^ salt pool for 
preserving cockles and muscles. 

3679. [^ ] A leather 
bandage or girt which 
goes under the belly of 
a horse. Some say, The 
part which is on the back 
is called Heen, and that 
which goes under the 
belly is called M Yang. 


-na- I 3680. Keen. To look down, 
jj or descend from a higher 
place i to superintend. 

3681. [V] Heen or Han, 
by Canton people read Lan, 
A kind of baluster or per- 
pendicular rails, as below a window ; 
a house formed by open pillars; a 
cage ; a kind of cart with a cage on 
it ; cross bars are caflcd ;fjjj?f Shun. A 

certain spring of water. Laou heen 

j A j 

JY. a kind of cage. Keuen- 

han p!j a cage for wild beasts. 

Heen-chay ||f a kind of cage or 

carriage to transport wild animals. 
Hoo heen j=f bars or upright 
pillars which stop a door way. 

_3682. [ , ] A ship of war, 
built up so as to defend 
those within against arrows 
and stones. 

3683. ['] Heen or Han, A 
certain large earthen ware 
vessel; a vessel to contain 


3684. Tieen. Many uniting 
in one sentiment or action. 

The appearance of 
fire. Dry; hot. 

3686. [ \ ] Heen or Heen, A 
dog with a long snout; a 
kind of hound; a dog used 

in the chace. A black dog with a 

yellow chin. 

%i7. The throat irritated 
by something, so as to oc- 
casion disease. 

3688. Name of a plant; a 
sort of leek. 

3689. [ /] Difficult; dan- 
fcX gerous; a deep fathomless 

abyss; a lofty precipitous 
mountain; dangerous as vice and 
disease. The name of a place. Sze 
heen Fj] \ name of an office. 

Heen chung \ (u in the midst of 

Heen sze ^ |j| a dangerous road. 

Heen tsoo BJj dangerous impe- 


Heen too 1 5^ dangerous roads; na- 
turally or morally, as the paths of 
vice, the profession of a soldier, 
and so on, 

3690. To appear to pro- 
ceed ; to advance. 

J Chen heen, A lofty and 
dangerous appearance. 

369 1 . Danger ; dangerous. 

1 1 KEN 


3692. [/] Anger; angry. 

3693. A little dog. 

3694. [ / ] From Injure, 
eye, and heart. To impress 
upon men's minds the hurt- 
ful nature of crimes j to deliver 
laws to men ; one who does so. A 
ruler; a magistrate; a superior 
officer of the government. To have 
leen and heard much ; well educated. 
The name of a district; a surname. 
Jin been Til | a beneyolent ma- 
gistrate; a title. 

Been kin j :^ a government prohi- 

Been keen j j'/t a government trans- 
action ; a piece of business. 

Been tae j -^> title of a magistrate. 

Been teen foo-tsze | T- -jjft fM 
magisterial heaven condescend to 
confer, &c. an impious adulatory 
phrase used in petitioni. 

3695. A kind of curtaia that 
surrounds a carriage, in- 
tended to make it cooler. 

3696. [/] Anger; indig- 
nation; to hate. Read 
Hwan, Knowing ; skillful in 


3697. A cold disease. 

3698. [ '] To jnuVe and 
decide; to by the hand on 
and restrict; to grasp; to lay 

bold of. 

3699. [ - ] A certain kind 
of car for carrying goods; a 
carriage of an officer of 

government ; the front of the carriage 
high ; when low it is expressed by 
jp5 Che. The extreme part of a 
roof; the front ofa palace whither the 
Sovereign occasionally descends. A 
kind of stand for suspending musical 
instruments. A laughing appearance, 
gambols; play; self enjoyment. 
Name ofa place; a surname. 

Keen che 1 ffl|i elevated and de- 

He'en gang 1 S a lofty bold de- 

He'en me'en 1 .& a carriage, and a 

3700. [A] To impede. A 
limit; a limited quantity; 
number or period of time; 
To set a limited time; to limit or 
fix a stated time; to a adjust. Occurs 
denoting Haste; hurry; a bar at a 

Heen-che ] ^jjj "1 regulations or 
Been le ^ ^jj / ] aws w hj,|, li- 
mit and restrain persons. 

Been san jih j ^ Q limited to 
three days-. 

He'en kill 1 ~JM a limited moment, 
within which a thing must be done. 

He'en too j Tff a filed number or 

3701. [ \] To ofl-.Ti to 

f^ A present to a superior, used 
to offer any thing, in the 
language of courtly ( offering! or 
unbloody wcrifice*. Dogs were onc 
"fli-rcd, hence the character it from 
dog. A surname. 

He'en pwan j ^ the odering platter : 
certain presents sent from a bride'i 
parents three days after marriage ; 
a kind of marriage portion. 

He'en shang j F to offer up. 

S702. [ / ] To bind toand sus- 
pend; a district under one ma- 


/ J y^i* gistrate. The principal town 
of the district, and the officer who 
presides over itare all called Heen. 
Hcen choo j [ a title of a magis- 
trate ofa Hen district. 

He'en ching 1 ?fc the assistant of- 
ficer, or depnty magistrate in 
a He'en district: same as Tfc r ^ 
Tso-tang, He'en-ching is a more 
complimentary term. 

Heen-kwan *g* or Che-heen 4Q 

I r-* /f^ 

the principal civil officer in a 

Heen he5 keaou yu 1 fil %J ^ 
an official tutor in a Been district. 

3703. [- ] To lift up any thing 
with the hand ; said com- 
monly of people in a passion. 

To pull or drag about ; to lay hold 

of; to grasp. 

3704. See Ham. 






Manuscript Dictionary, Hii. Peking Dialect, Sheik. Canton Dialect, ffeep, Y*p, Ac. 

3705. To raise or tnke up ; 
to gather and unite toge- 
ther ; le collect ; to join; 
to lead; to harmonize. 
Used to express, to burn ; 
to move or excite; a- 
bounding. Heth liow ffl( 
Tic a name of a govern- 
ment officer amongst the 
nations of the west. 

3706. To cut 

3707. Same as ^ Hth, To 
inhale ; to suck; to inspire; 
to drink ; to draw the load- 
stone ; to gather up, or include in 
Tseangyo heth che, pelh koo chang 

, wishing to include, or gather 
up in, must purposely stretch out 
that whiih is to contain the thing 
gathered up. 
Heth tsing yun che lew hca 1 ^- 

^ /TJ 

*? X-. j)jt }]% inhale the flowing 

ether of the pure clouds. 
Heih hea t.suy tsae | |IBJ ^ i& 

the appearance of garments tucked 

Heth tfih Mh p ~j^ a-kind of 

iron-stone, said to extract poison. 



3708. A woman of a tran- 
' diposition. 

3709. Warm hearted ; which 
expression in Chinese, de- 
notes ardent attachment to; 
which is-either good or bad accord- 
ing to the object 

|i 3712 
'<& I to 
^1-4 \. 

3710. To strike; to knock. 

a ny thing in 

3712. To pucker up-the nose ; 
sniff; the sound of trees 
shaken, is expressed by j^fi 
j Hwuy heth. Name of a district. 
Read He'S, denoting Fear. Used 
denotin-;, the sides (if an animal body. 
also to unite or join together. 
He'Th chih I nj^J a strong carnation 
colour; seems to refer to the clouds 
coloured by light. 
Heli he'en " 13|. a famocc district at 

I 'M- 

Hwuy-chow-foo in Keang-nan. 

-^ 37 ) S. The noise made by a 

\xv5lj rapid current of water. The 

^J^ appearance of water flowing; 

water filling. 

Heih heth tsze te 

to assent servilely to whatever is 
said ; an appearance the opposite of 
virtuous and good, 

37 14. To speak precipitately. 

Hethhea j ^j 1 the lound of the voice 
in conversation. 

3715. A kind of lance or jave- 
lin, with tassels for ornament; 
several of these are stuck 
in the side of a war carriage. A cer- 
tain kind of carriage. The appear- 
ence of being planted in an upright 
position. Fixed ; settled. The leaf 
of a door; a house; a family. The 
name of a place. Read Ti, in the 
phrase Ta yung ] Jj; mean, 
worthless; possessing no talents; fit 
to be rejected. 

3716 To draw in the breath ; 
to inspire; to draw in; to 
inhale ; to drink. The 
name of a person, jj^ J -J ft', nk? 

ffi ^ l$f 1 K echuh wei clirty, 
ke jHh wei hetb, The breath pass- 
in- out is Chuy; the breith passing 
in (to the lungs) is Heih. An expi- 
ration is expressed also by |J>JL Hoo. 



1' !.i 1 1 

rjiiji llwny heTh, The noise made 

by trees shaking, a rushing noise. 
HeTh chan loo che fow leang 1 vtt 

yS y -VS yu inhale the cool and 

floating dews. 
HeTh nuy sei'h yay |/\J ^ 1|J 

HeTh denotes An inspiration. 

3717. To gather together; to 
collect: to take; to receive. 
Also read Chi, To obtain ; 

to take ; to lift up ; to lead. 

37 18. From To wrangle and 
a child. Children are fond 
of wrangling. Long disputes 

and wrangling; resentments ; bitter 
animosities; quarrels. 

Hee-he'Th ^ 1 an inarticulate sob- 
bing forth of angry feelings. Fear. 

3713. Water dried up. 
Used for *& Ke, How ? 

3720. To reach or ex tend to, 
said chiefly of time ; but 
also of place. Finally ; at 


HeTh yu sze hae ^p JJEJ yj 

extending to the extremities of the 

Heih yu kin 1 ^ fy even till now ; 
up to this moment. 

k 3721. A pheasant's tail stuck 

fff as ! "' ornament in a horse's 

ir^^^b head, is called ~fj 1 Fang- 
/j \ 

heth. A 'Certain piece of iron with 
a hole or cleft in it. 
-^ 1 3722. Sound spreading, 
LI f^ as by the gale blowing 

/>f -J through trees, and shak- 

ing their very roots, and 
the bells of the palace. 
A man's name. Read 
Pei, Name of a city. 

He'Th-heansr 1 PP certain insects pro- 
I ft\ 

duced from damp or water; a kind 
of mosquito or gnat. Fuh he'ang 
llij 1 ^ ar S e > S rcat appearance. A 

man t name. 

inntt order, 
written on 1 1 . r .1 
about a cubit In.-;. I'r ut- 
most despatch was indicated by 
sticking a feather in them ; which 
were then cMled Vu-htTli ^A 
TIastc; expedition. To give clear 
and explicit orders. The branchless 
top of a tree. Chang heTh J. I 
A kind of passport given to people, 
to allow them to return home. 
HeTh kcTh j^ to rouse inferior 
officer* by mandates from their su- 

372*. A man, who, by fasting 
and solemn rites, serves or 
worships spirit*, and who 
can sec spiritual existences; a magi- 
cian ; a conjuror; a sorcerer ; a 
wizard. A seer. Women who prac- 
tice the same arts are called Woo 
/{A a witch. Both terms are applied 
to men ; the last only to women. 

3795. A staff with a horn- 
like gibbous head. 






Manuscript Dictionary, IDo. Peking Dialect, SheS. Canton Dialect, IJouk. 

IltS, Heiilt, Ho, Hwd, Hwa., Hviiih, or Huh, are much confounded with each other, and make an Alphabetic 

arrangement embarrassing. 

37S6. HeS, andKeS. Mirk 
of a rent inany vessel . Still" 
hard soil. One says, Hilis 
abounding in great rocks. 

3727. HeS, and KeS. A hill 
with many great stones or 

I 3728. To receive instruc- 
tion ; to practice, or to 
conform to what is said. 
To learn ; learning ; any 
fy.y\) -study or science, the place 
*^x^Wx where people study. Shoo 
heS SJV j th science of numbers. 
A surname. Sing heS ij ] the 
study of Biography. Yew he3 jffi ' 
to travel for the sake of learning. 
Heang heS |&J j a country college 
or school. PoheS~M 1 -possessed 
of extensive knowledge, an universal 
scholar. Ta heo ^ 1 eaou heS 
/j> two well known Classical 

Heii ching j j a tsacher or learn- 
ed superintendant of students in a 

Heo duh I ylfj the growth or ad- 
vances ofleMnine. 


HcSszeta foo | -J-- -k J^ learned 
and eminent men. Heii-tze is alio 
an official title given to statesmen. 

HeS pa seang kung ] -|| ^ ^ 
young gentlemen accustomed to 
rows and arts of violence. 

HeS kcaou j %fo general term for 

school or college. 

Hc5 sang tf a learner ; a pupil. 
Heo sze 1 J}jjj a doctor or teache'r. 
He8 selh 1 ^ to learn and to prac- 
tice what one learns. 
. HeS win fl to learn, and hear, 

I I- 1 !"! 

learning and knowledge. 
HeS yang 1 /|i|| to imitate a pattern. 

3729. A well drieti up; 
without water in winter ; 
water running out. Read 
Heaou, The noise made 
by disturbing water. 

3730. Dry; parched. 

3731. To work horn. A 
man's name. 

3732. A kind of wild magpie, 
a bird which knows what is 
future. A small pigeon. 

3733. To look intently; 
to stare; to gaze; to 
look alarmed; afraid; 
astonished. HeS-clien 
! |)j}> Uie lightning's 

3734. The gazg of astonish- 
ment and apprehension ; 
alarmed ; frightened; to give 
a hasty look. 

3735. To play or jest with; 
to trifle with and seduce; 
to laugh at and ridicule. 

Name of a stage for the post. He 

To play with ; to make game of; 
to laugh at. 

e<$-lieS jen J | ffi f,,,,d o f 
gaiety and pleasure. 

3736. The wings or feathers 
-- - of a bird appearing white 

I J aiul glossy ; white and 
shining surface of the water. Read 
Haou, White plain feathers. Also 
read 115. 

A man's name. 





Manuscript Dictionary, //I'M. Canton Dialect, Hay. 



3738. [-] Heu or Yu. 
Represents the air ex- 
tending itself. From 77 
Kaon, and Yih, 
denoting the Air falling 
to a level. In; through ; 
t; at. In which sense it is Syn. 
with ~Jjh Yu, which is now com- 
monly used. Great; extensive ap- 
pearance. Occurs as the name of a 
plant; of a tree; and as part of the 
name of a district. The middle part 
of a bell. A surname. Also read 
Heu. Yu yn j the distant 

appearance of a person walking; 
feeling satisfied; contented. 

Heu tseay j |^fe an exclamation, 
denoting admiration. 

3739. [- ]' Heu, or Hen. 
To cover. A certain cap or 
"J crown, worn by the Em- 

peror and Princes in ancient times. 

peeii; Yin lieu; ilea show, Under 
the dynasty Chow, the cap referred 
to, was called Peen ; during Yin, it 
was called Heu ; during Ui-a, it was 
called Show. To write it with F 
JTh, at the top, it erroneous 

3740. [ - ] From JUaulh and 
~K"Xaou,Thc breath issuing 
forth freely. An interjec- 
tion expressive of Distrust and disap- 
probation ; a deep lengthened tone, 
expressive of concern ; also of grief. 

Fan c so fow chay, fi shing to 
lien. In all cases in which the mind dis- 
approves, the lone of voice emitted 

is generally Heu. ^ f PJ" ^ ^ 
Yun hoheue, Alas! what shall 1 say. 
-E^ j Lew heu, A tribe of fo- 

Heu, e kwae shing [IT- 1 il& yjS? 

a lone of voice indicating doubt and 

Heu, yew tan jay j ^ ^ -jj^ 
heu, a sigh of grief. By abbreviation 
written ^- Heu. 

3741. [-] The beginning 
of day ; the morning ; 
extending; large, great. 

3743. [-] To stretch the 
eyes wide; to star; to gaze; 
mournful ; sorry. Name of 

a district; name of a plant A man'i 
name, llwuy-hcu |J|j: i (In spark- 
ling ryes of a mean man, on the 
success of liis schemes. 

3143. .Sorry , mournful j 
thoughtful ; caution. 

37 44. Disease. 

J> r- 374=.. To crook or bend . to 
5^*^ twist as a cord ; a cord. A 
J J surname; the name of a bill 

Heu chin BJLg, obscure and con- 

t irted ; perplexity of mind , to be 
oppressed or invol\ed and born down 
by perplexity. 

-, _ , 3746. Wide; remote; vague; 
"V""j"^ length of duration ; dii- 
lorted; crocked, depraved; 




to cause ll:e body or mind to become 
tortuous; to deprave: ;md depravity 
causes ro\ in-; or vagabond wandering ; 
large. Kc yen shin heu Ji. S -jgr 
1 what he says is very vague. 

Heu-kuh ] j^ vague; loose. 

Heu kcw ^ a long lime. 

Heu >uen ' ^ vague, remote; in- 
determinate perception ; loose mode 
of thinking, speaking, or acting. 

3747. Large; great. ReadYu, 
An esculent aquatic root in 
common use at Canton. 

3748. [-] False; hy- 
pocritical boasting ; to 
brag; to talk big. Read 
Hoo, Big, large, great 
applied to the mind, 
body, or to things, lleu- 
heu, reiterated, denotes the same. 

1 > 


3749. [ J ] To listen or 
attend to and accede; to 
accord ; to grant. To allow; 
to permit; to accede; to promise; to 
give; to give excess, more than, much 
many. To enter or advance ; to 
arise or flourish ; to make an appoint- 
ment. Name of a city. A surname. 
Read Hoo, The noise made by persons 
felling trees. Lull chth heu /^ F? 
more than six cubits. Pfih heu 
X^ i to disallow or refuse. 

Heu shaou 1 /h very little. 

Heu too 1 4 a great many, or a 

great deal. 

Heu ta j ^ permit, or l ct i,; m . 
Heu hea ko yuen J ~JC jjjj ||j 

to make a vow; or make some reli- 
gious promise before the pods. 

Heu yuen j Jl^ a vow ; or religious 

i^jj 3750. Keu. To ttop; a sen- 
tence or period. Head Kow, 
A crook or hook. 

3751. [ ' ] To blow with 
the breath; to warm 
with the breath. Repeated, 
I Heu heu, To sooth with 
words. To eject spittle or slimy 
matter, as fish do. A sound in the 
throat ; to open the raoulh and expel 
the breath; to call out; to hoot at 
angrily. Read Kow, The voice of 
a fowl ; the crowing of a cock. Read 
How, Syn. with jj^ How, The lowing 
of a cow. To rhyme, read ChS. 


3752. [ - ] To blow with 
the breath. One says, it de- 
notes Laughing. Used for 

both the preceding and the following. 

3753. -[ -] Hoo or Heu. 
To present or state to su- 
periors. To blow ; to warm 

as by breath- To sooth ; to smile 
upon and wheedle; to laugh. Origi- 
nally written M Heu. =11" E? 

che laou, hoo che j5 tsze, The labour 
of defending the people, and soothing 
them like children. I j|fl 

jJH Hoo hoo heu heu, Giggling and 
stopping at intervals. 

A 2 % IK I 

jin che yew chuy heu, The wind 
i* like a man puffing and blowing. 

3754. Handsome; pretty; 

pleasing ; ^lording pleasure ; 

jov. Read Ken, A common 
epithet for a woman in Ho-nan 
province. An old woman. 




3755. To rail or scold at ; 
to insult; to put to shame ; 
to try to clear one's self 
from some disgraceful 


imputation. Also read 
/ ""^ j Keu and Kow.The second 
character is read How. 

3756. The sun rising and dif- 
fusing heat. Warm, warmth. 
The name of a He'en. 

.,* JL~ 3757. ['] To boil; to heats 
|Z| Mf genial warmth; heat; vivi- 
yYV^\ ty'g warmth; the general 

productive and nutritive warmth of 

nature. Gracious ; kind ; benevolent. 

The light of the sun ; a carnation 

Heu gow tr|jro warm, cordial ; 

genial heat. 

| 3758. Unsubstantial ; emp- 
ty; void ; vain ; a vacancy 
or abstraction of mind, 
in which sense it is much 

Jt^ /> employed by the Budhists. 
3 M An empty void, or ex- 

panse, as of the firmament. 
Name of a star; one of 
seven days, or the week 
of the Chinese Almanac. A sur- 
name. Read Keu, A certain number 
of cities. Name of a place and of a 
river. Sin heu |\^ I the heart 
disappointed and bereaved of hope 
or success. Rung heu ,5J 




empty, as a Teasel without any thing 
in it. Keang tth shin hen ~ lt fi |}i 

U^ 4 

Ig I talks very vainly : empty talk. 
Heu kea fang been ] ^ Jf/y %$ 

vain and fallacious; or a suprrlhi- 

oui caution againit exciting suspi- 

Heu ling pfih mei uaj A\ [It 

pure spiritual intelligence n un- 

clouded mind. 
Heu fow joo shwuy shang paou 

unsubstantial as the froth on the 

Heu sin 1 JjJ\ an empty mind, means 
A humble mind not full of self ; also a 
mind not preoccupied or prejudiced, 
willing to learn. 

Heu tze 1 '-T* particles, connective 
and euphonic, are so called in con- 
tradistinction from Shin tsze ^ !^L 
olid words, Verbs and Nouns. 

Heu tan che tsze ^ ^ ^ 

empty prate ; fabulous stories. 

Heu woo ] pffi what is Visionary and 

Hen woo j 4jft name of a hill, 

| I*% 3759. Drunk; drunk and 
II mischievous. 

Beu yung -fig gloriously drunk; 

that elevation and haughtiness 
of imaginatioo which wrae produces, 
and which leads the intoxicated per- 
son to acts of cruelty vice or madness. 

3760. The name of a country 
village. The name of a 



3761. The roar or cry of* 


3762. [ - ] To blow j to blow 
softly with the breath. ^ 
] Chuy heu, To blow with 
the breath. Figuratively To re- 
commend, to speak in behalf of. 
These two words are thus distinguish- 
ed : Chah ke keih yuS chuy; 
hwan yug heu |ij || j{{J; Q p^ 
5^ PI | to expel the breath 
rapidly is called Chuy ,- slowly, is 
called Heu. TO wo chuy heu chuy 

^ft^l^C 1 fife 1 - 

ployed me to puff him a little, i. e. 
to say a good word for him. 
Heu heu tung shing tsze pe wei heu, 
tsze kow wei heu IW [gl ^g? 

i ft a u -P & i 

Heu and .Heu, are pronounced the 
same ; (breath passing) . from the 
nose, is expressed by Heu ; from the 
mouth, by Heu; 

3763. [-] Heu,orKeu. A 
great hill or mountain ; a 
moor or common; a place of 
resort ; an old town or city ;. a place 
of resort for the purposes of com- 
mercial. traffic. A deep valley. To 
rhyme, read Yu. Kew lieu -g. 
an old plnce of resort; a place for- 
merly frequented but now deserted, 
Keu chang ^ an arena; 

a market place. Woo .itn 5 in 

heu 5 1 a m:irket held 

every fifth day. Chin heu mac ho 
] jj ^ to go to market 


to buy goods. Kcu moo ] 
agrav* or sepulchre. 

3794. The name of a quid 

3765. [- ] Timid; fearful; 
apprehensive; to cry or 
weep ; breathing with noise 
through the nose. 

3766. A noxious demon 
a mischievous ghost; or 
a human being pretending 
to be a ghost. Heu sing 
kwei 1 J|| tJ? a mis- 
chievous devii used in 
the language of abuse. 

3767. A stony orrockj ap- 

3708. Empty, extravagant . 
incoherent talk. 

3769. The name of a place 

1 V 


" I"*"* 

3770. A bast resembling a 

3771. Hen, or Heu. To 
moan from a feeling of pain 
or distress, is expressed by 
1 Yu hen, The tone of disease 
and of painful thoughts; moaning 
from a diseased mouth. To call to ; 
a crowd of persons calling out in a 
confused manner. 


II El K 


.-(1 78. [ f ] Words that 
-- '\\ extend with wings: high 
J flying bnastii'" talk: also 
virlnmis langui^e that is widely 
diffused. Wide-spreading ; reaching 
to the ends of the earth ; clear 
understanding and intrepid mind ; to 

speak with clearness and boldness. 
A man's name. 

3773. [-] Soft; flexible; np- 
plied :is n name to a certain 
tree; a species of wall-nut 
Hen lieu ' pleased; joyful ap- 


377 I. [ - ] Mischievously 
drunk; in a rage and 
mad bv intoxication, 


Manuscript Dictionary JJitie. Canton Dialect, Ffeut. 

3775. The houses or holes 
in the earth, used in ancient 
times for human dwellings. 
A cavern ; a den, a lurking place for 
animals or men ; a sinus in the 
human body ; a halo ; to dig a hole ; 
to dig out. Certain halo about the 
sun. Shay heu; rffifc ' the hole 

*H U I 

into which a snake creeps. Rung 
heue" ^^ j an interstice or crevice. 

Heue cluing 1 tp in a den or cavern. 

_ 3776. Appearance of a 

T<5\L deep void cavern. Deep, 

^- a deep place. Ancient form of 

Sp Sih, To stop or fill up an aperture. 


3777. Heu? or Tib. Heu? 
hwang 1 Jjp to itrike. 

3778. A cavern in a moun- 
tain ; to dig a den or cavern. 

3779. To look aghast; to 
itare ; afrightcd. Read 
KeuJ, Deep sunken eyes. 

^ 3780. Water issuing with 
* * \ rapidity from an interstice 

1|' V or cleft. Name of a river. 
Hwuyheu? [gj | depraved ; vicious. 

3781. Heu?, or Keue, Thread; 
a thread or a skein of thread. 
Demon's garments. 

3782. A garment with a 
hole opened ; a part opened 
for coolness, long garments ; 
demon's garments. 

378S Name of an insect. 

3784. The blood of victims 
offered in sacrifice, hence 
from Ming Jjfl, Ming, A 
vessel ; the hissing sound ofHeuS, 
is probably an imitation of the sound 
of the blood issuing from the slaugh- 
tered victim. The J Peih is 
to represent the blood running into 

> . 4 

the vessel. Blood. KeTh heue j^ J 

to weep blood, the most poignant 

HeuSkeeheyung J^^ ^ ^ 
mere constitutional courage; such 
as brutes possess. The principles 
of order and propriety, such as exist 
in civilized society, are opposed to 
this, under the term SB >yj Le fi. 

Heu? kee 1 | sanguis draconis. 

Heue ke I ;si tke blood and animal 

soul or life. The Ke is derived 

from the father, the blood from the 

HeuS mih J $|J^ the blood and veini; 

persons related by blood. 
Heu? keyewkwei | ^ ^ ^E 

a deficiency in the blood and animal 

Heue ke chang tsiih ] 4j? JS JKl 

the blood and spirits having attained 

their full growth. 

3785. Heih, or Hedh. 
Still, quiet, silent. In the 
lame sense, also read He. 




S786. The name of a wood 
which is red like blood. 

3787. The gutters for wa- 

tcr tn;lt rlln amongst 
fields, the, moat orditcha- 
round a city wall. A kind of lock 
to stop or admit water; to overflow 
and destroy. Name of a river; a 
deep appearance. 

3788. From blood and eye. 
Tee heuc (J^3 | an ill-lock - 
i ing wicked, ugly appearance. 

S789. Name of a plant. 

3790. To drive away with 
the hand ; to rend or split. 


3791. Motion or rolling of 
the eyes. 

3792. Hoots made of silk, 
cloth, or leather. Shwiiy 
heuS TJ^ j water boots, 

made of leather. King heuJS K3 
Peking bouts. Fang tow lieue 1 )j 
3j| square-toed boots. Tse'cn 

tow heuS r^2 Jj|j sharp-toed 

boots; military boot*; officers in the 
army are not allowed to wear the 
square toed boots, (linen heu 

j to put on boots. TS heuS 

| to put off boots. 

3793. A large boot that 
comes up the thigh ; a hoot 
for riding on horseback. 

3794. A slight sound or 
noise. Read Chug, To 
drink. Read KeuS, The 

roire of a bird, ('buy k^cn thow 
chay, hou? urli e p I ttjJJ ft / 

W\ ifl' 2. ^ ' > ' cw " lrou B n lne 

hilt of the sword, and marlr .. 

sound merely, as if the wind whiilli-ri 

through it. 

3795. The moon approaching 
its close. Read Kei. To 
close; the termination of; 

to die. 

S796. A gentle breeze. 

3797. Wind ; h- - 

|^_ 3798. HeTh or Heu, Wat>r 
flowing with rapidity. l"*rd 
to express sorrow. 
HcnJSyth ] ^orSrthkenJf^ 
water foaming down a declivity. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Hiuen. Canton Dialect, Une. 

S799. Henen, or Seuen. To 
call to; to call out. To 
make a clamorous noise. 

38CO. Clear, bright; lu- 

3801. Formed of """. Urh, 
Two, *nd fgj Hwuy, To 
go round and return to the 
same point. Effort to revolve; to 

revolve between two ; to extend to ; 
to promulge. Woo heuen & 
the name of a foreign country. 

^ B- 3802. [ ^ ] Incessant bewail- 
ing. In Corea, the inces- 
sant weeping of children is 
expressed by Heuen. Eminent and 
conspicuous in moral virtue. Autho- 
rity ; to fear. The uame of a person. 
Slowly, leisurely, jfo ^ j -^ 

Hthhej beuen he! How glorious! 
how resplendent! was the blaze of 
his moral excellence ! 

3803. Heuen I jfe the 
clothing of a wall ; i.e. the 
~^ green moss-like vegetation 
that grows on old damp walls. 

_ ^ 3804. [ ^ - ] Splendour, 
refulgence. Read Hwuy, 
Fire; to burn as fire. 




~ r 

3818. Fallacious; false; 
irregular; clamorous; 
noisy ; the clamour and 
disturbance made by a 
great many persons talk- 
ing at the same time. 
The name of a plant 

Heuen hwa - j clamour ; noise ; 

Heuen hoo j [J3i calling out aloud ; 


3319. Heuen, or Seuen, A 
certain small bird. 

% _ 3820. [-] A sombre colour, 
~ J commonly used for black j 
^"* the colour of heaven ; the 
Name of the present Emperor of 
China ; a darkish colour with a mix- 
ture of Yellow ; the earth is consider- 
ed Yellow. To rule, direct, controul. 
Still, silent, deep. The god of the 
north; one of the Seen genii. A sur- 
name. The name of a book. 

Heuen mih j ||^ silent; sedate, ap- 
plied to the Sovereign. 
Heuen pin 1 mf heaven and earth. 

Heuen poo 1 raj \ the court of the 

Heuen too ' %$( / majesty of 

I HP-* 

heaven; the court of one of the Seen 

Heuen shing | jDj was once the title 
of Confucius; an Emperor who as- 
sumed this character, changed that of 
Confucius to ^> 5jj/ Che shing. 

Heuen slh "Si black colour. 

Heuen Uew | yjH water. 

Heuen teen ^ or Shaag heucn 

3805. [\ ] Considered the 
same as the preceding; 
Emanations from the sun. 

3808. Heuen, or Hwan. A 
dog walking or running 

SS07. Heuen or HP, A horn 

3808. A certain animal. 

*if 3809: Seuen. The mansion 

of the Son of Heaven, where 
the wind, the breath of nature 
circulates. To promulge to 
every place. 

, ^ 3810. [-] Loud clamorous 
V* K-Tfc noise. Heuen hwa 
or Heuen naou 
words ; clamour, noise. 

tsin juen nuy chih keen pin kih 
heuen naou, Having walked into 
the hall, nothing was observed but 
the guests- making a loud clamorous 

noiss. 7fc j]-. ^& Kin che 
vJV I Hi 

beuen hwa, Prohibited and put a 
stop to noise and clamour. -J; %f( 

fcowju yih heuen pfih ko che he, 

The clamour of grief and lamenta- 

tion in the city cannot be stopped 

The incessant weeping of children, 

is in SH Htfc Chaou-seen, (Corea) 
called Heuen. 

3811. The wooden mould 
put within a shoe when 
it is made; a last, called 
also j ^ Heuen tow, 
and &g' '$; I- e ft- Used 
figuratively for that 

which sustains the external figure or 


3812. A woman's name. 

3813. [-] The warmth of the 
sun; an evening in spring; 
"cnial warmth. 

'38H. Large ejes. 

3815. The flower of the bam- 

3816 [.] The name of a 
^^f plant; which when eaten, is 
said to ensure the birth of a 

Henen tang ' 'g? a mother. 

Heuen tang che kaou I 'K^ f TjjT 
a mother (allte) on whom to depend, 
to be deprived of this by death is 
expressed by Shih Ifi- losing this 

3817. Name of an insect. 





j heaven. Sbang heuen, is 
also applied to the heart or mind of 


Heuen yuS ' H the ninth moon. 

3821. Hatred; implacable 
resentment. Heuen yth 
5^ the year under 
certain circumstances. 

3822. To sell. 



3823. [^-] The flowing of 
water j the lustre of dew on 
flowers; dew hanging sus- 
pended from plants ; the flowing of 
tears. A deep and wide expanse of 
water. The nameofariver. 

3884. [/] Luminous; 
splendid ; refulgent ; shin- 
ing. The glare or light of 

3825. Hastiness of disposition, 

3886. Name of a stone of 
a secondary quality ; a man's 
name ; a surname. 

3827. [ \ ' ] Shifting the 
eyes about continually; the 
eyes wandering fr m object 
to object; the opposite of a respect- 
ful st-ady aspect; irregular; dis- 

TRAT If. T 3 

orderly. Chang heuen HJj ] a full 
heart; self sufficient. 

Heuen tseTh 1 >& the wind blowing 

briskly along. 
Heuen luy j "JJJ the name of a place. 

. ^ 3828. [ /] Puffing; bragging; 

^ ff boasting; offering to sale; 

I^^J pedantic; recommending 

one's self. Tsze heuen (=1 

I f J 

vaunting one's self. 

Heuen neu | -ff- a woman who ex- 
hibits and praises herself, cannot 
be chaste. 

Heuen sze | J^ a pedantic scholar- 
must not be believed. 

3829. [/] Good garments; 
elegant clothing. 

Heuen-ffih 1 JjR according to some, 
denotes Yellow garments; according 
to others, Black garments. 


3830. Been or Heuen, Of- 
fering to sale ; to 

3831. [/] A certain vase 
or tripod. 

3832. Keen or Heuen, The 
back part of the jaw. 

3833. A kind of pit. 

383*. A one-year-old horse; 
according to some, A black 

3835. Name of a bird. 

3836. Expert; clever; sharp; 
swift; nimble. The name 
of a country. Originally 
written -fSg H euen . 

3837. f - ] Without pm- 
t^rity; sorrowful, mourn- 

3838. Heuen, Hwan or 
Keuen, Precipitite, hasty, 
perverse disposition. 

3S39. [-] A tasty leip; a 
dog jumping and running 
fast; to hop or jump as a 
dog. Haste; hurry. 

.... j-u 3840. ["^] A small insect 
"^v-5 found in wells, known by 
various names; appearance 
of an insect walking. 

3841. Silk or thread which 
binds or connects things; 
certain coloured wrapping 

at the top of a colour or banner. A 

ring or bow; the rain-bow. 

3842. [ - ] Perspicacity ; 

"^ intelligence; wisdom; much 

talk . 

* 3843. To go with haste; 
hurry or precipitation. 




.1-iU. [\] A man's name. 
Read Yuen, Certain insects. 

m S845. [ ' ] The motion or 
t| x t| I rolling of the eyes ; to look 
^ furtively ; to gaze and stare 
about, carelessly and irreverently. 
Soft and yielding ; delicate as young 
grain or as a child ; new and bright. 
Also read Shun. Lin heuen JH$f j 
without shore or limit. 
Heuen heuen j j moving the eyes 
about, but not seeing clearly or dis- 

3846. [*] A kind of orna- 
mental binding, wrapper, or 
sash. Ornamented ; elegant 
appearance. Swift; fleet. 

3817. To sci k or endeavour 
to obtain. Read Hing, A 
surname; logo to a distance. 

3848. Heuen, or Heun. 
An ancient instrument of 
music, used in temples, 
somewhat resembling an 

I egg, with three holes in 
it, made of burnt earth. 
There is a more modern 
one which is similar tu 
that in former use. 

^ j-| >j 3849. [ - ] To be attached 
llp-*rt or suspended to; in which 
'4 *\ sense the following is gene- 
rally used. Read Been,. A district of 
a ceitain size; the officer of the dis- 
trict. See Keen. 

3850. To endeavour to im- 
pose upon by deceitful hol- 
low stratagems, as in war. 
To deceive; to act irregularly. The 
name of a plant. 

85J. [ -] T&tie to and 
suspend, as from the cen- 
tre ofaroof; used physically 
aii'l morally ; s ispsnce. Taou heuen 
Jill I to hang upiide down. 
Heuen kung <j? to suspend in 

Heuen yu mun shang I -^p B0 f- 

I J I J L* 

suspended from the top of the door. 
Heuen leang tow tsing j ]j $Q 44- 
to hang one's self up to a beam, or 
throw one's self into a well. 

3852. The name ofan insect. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Hi'e. Peking Dialect, Shelh. Canton Dialect, Heep, rap, &c. 

3853. To feed; to nourish; 
_ _ to rear or bring up ; to care 
tJy for and nourish the people 
of a country ; to contain, endure, or 
bear wilh. Domestic animals; in 
which sense, now read Chuh. To 
arise; to obey or yield submission to ; 
to detain or keep in a place. A sur. 
name. Also read Hew. 


SS5I. Read Chuh, Pain; 
painful. Read Heal), To 
collect together; to blend. 

3855. Hefih or Cliijh, To 
accumulate; to store or 
hoard up; a quantity (as of 
vegetables) laid up for use. To feed. 

3856. To excite to 
diligent endeavour ; to 
stimulate to exertion. 
E heiih kwa Jin LVI 
j*iu /I to stimulate the 
man of little virtue, by 
which the person speaking means 
himself. Heuh tsae foo tsze | "nV 

I H^V 

j^ -j" exert yourselves, ye men ! 


3857. The light of the 
morning; the rising sun 
making his appearance; the 
clamour of drums. Also read llcuen 
and llaou. 


HeBhjih ] Q the beginning of day ; 
the morning early. 

Hefih-heuh, keaou keaou | ( 

H or He-he hcuh hcuh |1 


I the external marks of pleasure 
discovered by a mean man on obtain- 
ing success in his schemes. Smirk- 
ing, jumping, giggling. 

3858. Carrying Hie head 
gravely; seriously; attentive 
manner; gravity induced 
by want of success or failure; the 



name of a star. Tbe tame as the 

14 Jtff* 
>A ^rarely; 


3859. To gather together; 
to collect; to crowd to- 
gether to as. to spoil from, 
not being used. 


Manuscript Dictionary, fllitn. Canton Dialect, Fun. 

3860. f / ] The vapour 
or fog ascending from the 
tops of hills ; hot vapour, 
fumes and exhalations 
arising from fire; steam, 
evaporation. The va- 
pours, applied to the 
mind ; to give offence to ; 
to incense. Yewsinjoo 
ifo $0 ] melancholy 
is like vapour. 

to fumigate it. 
the east and south. 

Heun che j 
Heun fung | It 

Heun heun ] joining cordially 

and chcarfiilly ; sitting in an unset- 
tled manner; fidgitty. 

Heun seTh 1 ty late in the evening. 

3861. [-] Having deserved 
well of one's prince; 
having merit in the 
sight of the sovereign ; 
meritorious loyalty. 


kung yue heun, Royal 
merit (i. e. merit ac- 
quired in the service 
of the king) is called Heun. jj[j 

Ml 7D I ^ ae k" 8 ^ Uen ' ieuil> 
Original merit acquired in ln)ing 

the foundations of the monarchy. 

Hcunlaou 1 *3&havingdeservcdwell 
of one's country ; honor conferred 
by one's country. 

HeuntseS ^| ^ a meritorious noble. 

38G2. See Heuen. 

38G3. To raise or drive ofT 
in subtle particles by the 
force of fire ; to fume or to 

fumigate; to evaporate, evaporation,. 

smoke; to send off in smoke. 

886*. [ - ] To dry any thing 
with the fire. 

3865. [ r ] Hetm chtih,. 
pK certain northern 
hordes called by various 
names in Chinese history, 
this is one of their most 
ancient names. 





3S66. ['] The light which 
remains after sunset; twi- 
light. The brain a little 
muddled with liquor; a pleasant 

S86T. Vapour or fog before 
the eyes ; dullness of sight. 

3868. [ / ] Fragrant exhala- 
tions from plants ; fragrant 
plants. In ancient times 
used to expel demoniacal influences. 
To burn or cauterize. 
Heun chth j 4& to cauterize. 
Heun tih pB pe j *3* ;ji| Iff, the 

fragrant odours struck the nose. 
Heun tsaou I E3 a plant carried about 
one's person for the sake of its smell. 

3869. Insec ts produced from 

3870. [ ' ] To dye ; a light 
red; a -dye produced by three 
dips in the coloured liquid. 

3871. A light red dye, pro- 
duced by three dips; used 
for the preceding, i 

3872. [J J Intoxicated with 
the fumes of wine or spiri- 
tuous liquors; drunk. 

Heun-heun-jen w< rendered 

chcarful by the influence of liquor ; 
exhilirated; elevated; the pleasures 
of intoxication. 

3873. [ ' ] Any thing -co- 
Inured by fumes or smoke. 

3874. A golden colour al- 
tered or discoloured. 

3875. Heun-hoo Sjg a 
certain infelicitous bird. 

* fc, 3876. Heun or Hwan, Strong 
odorous vegetables, as leeks 
and onions, which are re- 
jected by the Buddha priests. Strong 
meat; flesh meat of any kind, and 
fish, all of which are refused by the 
Chinese when fasting. PiihcliTh heun 
^\ jfj* ' not eat animal food nor 
strong savoured plants. 

'Heun soo sr animal food arid 

I 7K 

pure vegetable diet, these two 
words arc used as opposites. 

3877. [f ]To heat; to burn; 
light. Head Hwuy, Light 
splendour. Kead Hwan, Lus- 
tre ; glitter ; a red colour. 

3S78. [ /] Fire issuing 
forth; gmoke or steam rising; 
odorous exhalations. 

J| >-, 3879. [ t ] Steam or fume 
rising as from heated TC- 
getable mibstance; fumes; 

3880. [ ' ] Words flowing 
in a regular constant 
course, as a stream of 
water; words obeying a 
certain rule ; to state 
ancient principles and 
the reasons of things ; to instruct; to 
teach ; to persuade; to exhort; that 
which is taught; instruction; doc- 
trine; to explain; to define a word. 

Some say -fff Keaou, is to teach men ; 

Heun 1 to teach women. To obey 
or accord with. Name of an office; 
of a quadruped ; and of a district. A 

surname. Keaou heun ^y" ' to 
d^v i 

teach; to instruct. 

Heun-hwuy | W to teach. 

Jii an official instruc- 
tor in every district 





Manuscript Dictionary, Hiung. Canton Dialect, Hung. 

3881. [-] Represents a 
deep pit, into which things 
are falling in confusion. 
Great wickedness; malignity; evil 
calculated to sink into ruin human 
beings. Calamity ; infelicity ; the 
judgments of heaven ; -adverse.; 
unprosperous. Occurs in the sense 
of i|>b(J Heung, To fear. Also written 
Brl Heung. These two are used for 
each other. "^J '] Keih, heung, 
are opposites, Good, evil; pros- 
perous, adverse; felicity, infelicity. 
f^ jJk Keth chaou, Prognostic of 
happiness. ^ '] ^ 3J; Kenng 
heung keih gS, Wickedness and 
evil carried to ihe utmost possible 

Ta ze tsing too she heung, His 
affairs are all unprosperous. j^g 
I Suy -heimg, A bad year ; a year 
ef scarcity and famine. ~^j UB 
Keth fiTh, Gay dress, indicatingjoy. 

^f ] 2J"R 'H M T!* W 

Yew heung, paou heung; yew keth, 

paou keih, If evil is to befal me, 
announce to me evil; if prosperity 
it to be my 'fate, announce to me 
prosperity. A prayer offered up by 
those who refer to divination, lo 
know what is future. 


z 3 

~% ' 
/ V^ 

Heung chaou ] ^ prognostic of 

impending evils. 

Hcung fSh 1 jjfcj mourning dress. 
Heung ming 1 -pjj an unhappy fete. 
Heung sze 1 -if? a calamitous affair. 
Heung sing 1 Jjl a malignant star. 

Heung tih |^ cruel valour or 

3882. [ -> ] Pormfed from 
J;' and Heung. Malevo- 
lent; cruel. Distressing fear; 
the cry of fear. She she hing tiding 
Jra-t 3gjfe 'jfr- to act cruelly 

from a depcndance on one's own 
power and influence. Yin ke/heung 
yay irrh kung che i/Cl IMl I -nJ, 
ffjt ~jKf ~~? attacked them in con- 
sequence of hearing their lamenta- 
tions ; said of armies. 
Heung gS H|l iffi cruel and wicked. 

Heung paou 1 S; or Heung yS 1 

f^ cruel; barbarous. 
Heung shi 1 ^j^ to murder. 

Heung show 3i a murderer. 
Heung sing | TOT a cruel disposition. 

S883. [ - ] The breast, or 
thorax. Read Kei'in, in the 
same sene. Cenmioiily 
written ^ Heung, or H(fl Hcung. 

Heung heung Ojl 1 denotci Clamour 
and disturbance; also the noite o( 
vociferous coniulution. 

Shin tang *ia clic hang wei heung 

^&&J:3 1 

part of the body situated aboTe tin- 
heart, is Heunff, the breast. Kc yu 
heung chung tsaug puh 

lias no fish bones pricking in his 
breast; i.e. he has nothing on his 
mind that gives him uneasiness. Wei 
fan mun ying heung '^ ^ ||j 
Tit I sorrow alone fills his brea-it. 
Heung chung 1 m ia the breast. 

3884. [ - ] Fear, appre- 
hension, as when imagin- 
ing any thing mon- 
strous or frightful ii a 

S885. [-] The sound of 
people's feet, when leap- 
ing for joy. The second 
character ti also read 

3886. [ - ] Heung, or Heung- 
heung. The sound of water 
bubbling up, as from a spring; 





the noise of water rolling with rapi- 
dity and force; the sound of drum- 
ming and excitation. 

3387. [-.] Heung, or 
Heung-hcung; the cla- 
mour and noise made 
by a great many people 
tnlking at the same 
. ] time, either in de- 
liberation or debate; 
the clamour of a 
whole country on any 
topic which interests 
them all; to talk; to 
debate; to dispute ; to 
accuse and to defend; 
to contest; to wrangle; 
to litigate. 

3888. [-] ' The breast or 
thorax ofan animal body; 

, figuratively used for the 
mind or sentient prin- 

Heung chung i (it in one's.brc ist ; 
in the mind. 

3889. [ - ] Formed from 
Kow, The mouth and man, 
because the senior has. a 
rightto instruct. The first born son ; 
nn elder brother ; a senior ; used by 
friends as a term of respect Also 
read Hwang. rfc ] \fi\ Te heung 
mun, Brothers, ^ ] Lapu heung, 
Old brother. 

g seen te how^ 

the senior brother takes precedence, 
the junior follows. 

HeimgtekwS 1 rfej Ip] the nations 
of the sixteen brothers ; the number 
ofstates into which China was divided 
about the time of Confucius. 

Heung yew te kung ] ^ tft ^ 
the elder brother should be kind, the 
younger respectful. 

Heung te I d& a younger brother, in 
common acceptation. 

Heung tae 1 .^eminent brother; and 
Laou heung tae seen sang 4 i 
~fjJ /i 4p venerable brother, 
eminent teacher, are all respectful 
modes of direct address to equals. 

3890. Heung, or Keung, A 
wide empty space. 

3S91. Hung, or.Keung. A 
wide desert space surround- 
ing an inhabited city. 

3S92. A barrier formed by 
ice or water; to limit ; to. 
prohibit ; phraseology 
used in the northern re- 
gions. Deep, profound i 
remote. Name of a moun- 
tainous wilderness on the north east, 
in the midst of a great waste. The 
name of a marsh; read Keung, name 
of a certain region. 

, 3893. [V] To. go all. 
around talking and. act- 
ing as a spy ; clever; in- 
telligent; spying about. 
Kwei heung '?j| 1 to 
peep, to spy and tell the 

3894. [ - ] Heung heung. 
To search with light all 
around ; to examine clearly. 
Read Keung, Light, effulgence. 

3895. [^J Void ; remote ; 
distant. Light; splen- 
dour; luminous; illus- 
trious. Heung pec 
Y.\\ vastly different; Tory 

3896. [ - ] A certain wild 
animal like a boar, said 
to be ominous ; also called 
Tjfc Chih heung. 

Name of a hill. A man'* 
name. Name of a coun- 
try. A surname. 

Heung pei iS* two animals like 
each other in form, but of different 
colours. The Pei is strong enough 
to root up trees. 

. 3891. Sometimes used for 
"" 1 the preceding. Read Ning, 

^ 3898. [-] The male of birds. 

__^M M^^*^ 

TvEl Masculine; martial. The 
^ft|J name of a. district. Tsze- 
heung j^E ] female and male of 
birds originally, but now applied to 
any creature. The elegance and 
luxuriance of plants is called jj| 
Ying. The. leader of a flight ofbirdt 
i, called ^ Heung. Ymg-heung 
IrVt \ a man of very eminent ta- 
lentsaiid virtue; a hero, or heroine. 

3899. [ v -]- To endeavour, 
or to seek to obtain. Also 
read IHng, To scheme ; to 





Manuscript Dictionary, //.. Canton Dialect, Yeto. 

- | S900. [-'] From .// lean- 
^^V ing against a iree. To 

">J cease ; to rest. To assem- 
ble under the shade of a tree ; hence 
the idea To stop; to rest; to desist ; 
to repudiate ; to resign. To execute. 
Excellent. To congratulate ; to 
praise. A surname. A proper name. 
The name of a place. To rhyme, 
read Heaou and Heu. Pih kung 
keae hew 75" J $ 1 a cessation 
of every species of work, (as at the 
close of the year). Che sze yu hew 

|^ ft El 1 to s ivc "P a " of - 

ficial situation is called Hew. Ne 
hew to keang /^ | 2ff ^ .fa do 
not talk so much. PiShhew^ | 
unceasing. Kea sze fang- hew ijjl| 
~Sfi ~ij' \ make (you) wear the 

collar till (you) die, ere- (I) desist. 
Tan hew -$? 1 a certain medicine; 
Used in the sens&of mk Hew, Moan- 
ing, from sickness or pain. 

Hew ching I jjjjj^ a prognostic of 
something felicitous. 

Hew hew 1 ] to restrict ; to retrench. 

Hew 1 or Te hew iM 1 ex- 
I J /*. i 

presses. An amusement made with 
inanimate figures, like Punch and 

Hew tse'lh seang kwan I JJJ? |[1 j( 
mutually sharing joys and sorrows. 

Hew muh j y^ to cease, (in order: 
to wash ; to leave official duties for 
the purpose of dressing the head, 
bathing, &c. An ancient custom 
observed every tenth day. 

Hew pa ne ] 'W Wfc I do not fear 

Hew tsze neeo jj|^ ^ give up 

these thoughts. 
Hew shoo ] ' & a bill ef divorce. 

Hew wSn RS cease t make fur- 

ther enquiry. 

Hew seTh | @. and Hew die j j 
express To stop; to desist from. 

Hew show 1 ^- to~ desist from any 

Hew tse ] ||* to divorce a wife. 

Hew hew keen yay 'j^ T^ 

Hew-hew denotes- [Moderation, IT :i 
strict economy. 

3901. [ - ] To call to; a 
crowd of persons calling out 
in a confused manner. See 


3908. Shade; shelter; a 
place to stop and retl : Ilic 
umbrageous, shade of trees. 

3903. Appearance of water; 
water passing away. 

3904. Charcoal is in some 
places called Hew. 

3905. [-] Excellent (felici- 
tous : good ; harmonious ; 
cordial ; delicatei minute. 
Read Heaou, To apply 
fi re to ; to boil ; to decoct. 

3906. A purging; a loose- 
ness of the boweli; sore 
occasioned by the contact 
of certain resinous wood*. 

3907. [ ' ] A certain ani- 
mal, said to devour tigers. 

3f<OS. A long kind of needle. 

3909. A mme ofa horse; 
a good spirited hone. 





3910. Hew-sih | 3^ the 

sound of the wind whistling. 

3911. [-] A certain omi- 
nous bird. Che hew ^R 1 
or Hcw-che, A horned owl. 

3918. [\] Wood deprived 
of its vegetable life. Dead 
plants; rotten wood stink- 
ing; oflensi re smell; to fail ; to rot ; 
to be forgotten. 

3915. Organization des- 
troyed; rotten; dead; 
stinking. U*ed for the 
preceding. To cut. Hew- 
too ?. the name of 

J -~t* 

a place ; the name of a hill. 

3914. Disease; sickness. 
Read Keaou, A kind of 
cholera uiorbus. 

3915. Commonly l read 
Chow. Strong smell ; 
stink. Read Hew, To 
apply the nose to, as a 

fj dog does, to smell. 
Hew che ^ ^ to 
smell it. | flfj 

/] Mr San hew urhtsB, 
Smelled thrice and 

3916. An animal that re- 
sembles a wild boar. 

3917. Hew or Kew. Kew 
hew$J | adragon stretch- 
ing forth its neck and 

progressing ; a kind of low leap ; a 
rearing up. 

3918. The ancient form of 
Chfih, A domestic a- 
nimal. >v ~%i-irf&.-<S 

yang che y uS sing, yung che yuiS hew, 
The six domestic animals (horse,cow, 
sheep, hog, dog, fowl) when training 
up, or feeding, are called Sang; when 
made use of, they are called Hew. 
Some distinguish Hew and Chuh, 

-gr Tsae shan yue hew, tsae kea yue 
chtih, Animals on the hills (wild) 
arc called Hew j in the house (or 
time"), they are called Chfih. 
Hew chuhwei yew pee 3^ tffjl 

^ ^|j Hew and Chuh, are a little 


~ Manuscript Dictionary Hi. Canton Dialect, ffak. 

S91 9. From a redjlesh colour, 
repeated. A red hot fire; a 
ted appearance; anger, hot 
as fire; bright; luminous, a*a red hot 
fire, or at thesun; to scorch; to burn. 
A surname. Read Hea, T scorch ; 
to threaten. Read Shih Swift, fleet. 
Hill-lull | hot, scorchert, bright 

I I 

efl'iilgent, manifest, glorious applied 
to heaven and tojhrgods. 
Oih ho | ^bright; luminous. 

Hih he heuen he \ ^ P^ ^ 

gloriously manifested '. extens'iYely 
diffused ! 

Hih yih | '$ glorious, great splen- 
dour, said of the gods and of fceaven. 

lUK 3920 Red eyes. 

3921. The grating noise 
I 'I I* I made by a door opening. 

392S. mil, or Hea. Anger ; 
the tone of anger ; to threat- 
en ; to oppose or intimidate 
by threatening. See lira. 

392:?. To burrow, and 
bury in the earth, as cer- 
tain iniectido themselycs ; 
to push aside; to open 
a hole in the ground ; 
to rend ; to split. 




3994. The colour produced 
by smoky exhalations; 
black; dark; dull; ob- 
icure ; the colour that 
was esteemed during the 
Hea dynasty. A dark 
spot; name of a place; and of a 
river ; a surname. Yay hTh M? | 
the darkness of night. MeTh hTh 
|^ j or Shin hTh ^ ] very 
black or dark. 
Hlh che ] ~nj[ a foreign surname. 

HTh kaou ] ||j a sketch or land- 

scape ; a rough outline. 
HTh lung keang 1 |j|| jl the river 


HTh poo j /m black cloth. 
Hih sin I ,fo a black heart, has 

the same figurative meaning as in 

English. ChTh sin TJfc ^ a crimson 

heart, conveys a good sense in 

HTh tsze I -^ a. black spot; a 

pot in the sun is so called in history ; 

a spot on the face or human body. 

HThyuen [ $ 

llVlijin J^ a black man, the 
Chinese commonly call them Hlh ktcfi 
black devils. 

3925. Dark mind ; confusion 
of intellect^ a kind of stu- 

3926. To examine into ; to 
prosecute a guilty person j 
to scrutinize ; to search to 
the bottom; assiduous effort; to 
accuse. Als read HeS and Heth. 

3927. The bones of fruit. 
The kernel or seed in 
fruits ; the nucleus. The 
real substantial circum- 
stances; the facts ; to push 
an investigation to the 
latent facts. Used for $| Hlh. Also 
read Kae, which see. Kth hTh tjl 
I to go to extremes ; an excessive 
degree of severity. Tsung Mb, Jt 
to investigate every circum- 
itance from first to last. 

HTh nhlh ] ^ really and truly j with 

truth and sincerity ; with ttrictneif. 
Hlh taou ] ^ chesnuU 

3928. The lower part of silk ; 
a man's name , a surname. 

>, S989. To investigate; to 
examine ; to put aside 
all coverings or glosses 
and ascertain the fact; to 
verify by the eye or ihe 
touch j to pare, cut, or 
carve deeply. The name 
of a spring of water; used 


Hih, A kernel. 

3930. That inside a idvage 
which gives strength and 
stillness to it; the string 
which draws close the neck or other 
part of the garment, by the Chinese, 
called the bone of the selvage. 

3931. The root or stem of 
feather; a quill. Read Left, 
A certain earthen ware vessel. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Bin. Peking Dialect, Shin. Canton Dialect, Yin. 

393!. Commonly read Kin. 
Hin hin 1 | having good 
will to all creatures; bene- 
volent. Read Kin, To cut down 
wood; the iron instrument which 
does so; an instrument to weigh 
with ; a measure. 



3933. Hin, or Kin. Much 

3S34. A woman's name. 

J935. [ - ] The sun about 
to go forth, to diffuse hit 
benevolent ray* early i 
the morning. Fan hing sze peTh 
chow hwan hin f? /T Ifi /JA EH 
J|fc 1 whoever would effect any 

I"* I 

affair must employ* the moning. 



Ta bin 

1 very early in the 



i^yVt 3936. [ - ] To be pleased ; 
If I to rejoice ; a surname. 

Hin jen 1 ^fj exhiiiration ; desire; 
feeling happy to do ; chearfully. 

3937. Laughing for joy ; 
joy ; delight, whether in 
ser\ ing the gods or men. 
The name of a certain 
strong animal ; name of a 
district. A surname. 

pleasure ; readily. Hfh- 
chang 1 HUi to be joy- 
ous; merry ; pleased. 
Hin hin 1 with 

chearfulncss and delight ; 
satisfaction ; joy. 

Hin-too-sze ^ ^ >i tlle Hmdoos 
are so called in Chinese history. 

3938. [ - ] A great body 
of fire or light ; efful- 
gence ; to scorch ; to burn; 
scorching heat of the sun. 

3939. Joyful, joy, delight, to 
see dimly. 

3910. [ - J The gods eating 
fumes of incense; to taste, 
to partake of with gust; to 
coYet ; to desire 5 to move ; to excite. 


3941. To like ; to love; to 
desire ; to covet. 

3942. [ r ] Ardent feeling ; 
fierce; the mind directed 
to that which is new and 


^ 3943. [ - ] Certain orna- 
ments of a carriage. To be 
pleased or gratified with. 

Read Yin, To stop or close up. 

Read Kin or Kan, A dangerous 

Hin kew j 5tj- a carriage with certain 

ornamented leather about it. 

3944. Hin, or Hin-h n. Con- 
versation, talking; the noise 
of talking, talking angrily ; 
talking with difficulty; the fumes of 
the breath in talking. Read He [ \] 
in a similar sense. 

3945. Internal heat affect- 
ing the skin; proud flesh 
growing up; to swell out. 
Too hin j^fj 1 the en- 
trails of cows and horses, 
the bladder of domestic 


3946. [ f ] A cracked or 
rent vessel . 

39 17. [ / ] TIeat affecting 
the skin ; proud flesh grow- 
ing out ; swelling up. Read 
He, Pain. 

3948. [/J To smear the vessels 
used in sacrifice with the 
blood of slain victims ; to 
smear an animal body with fragant 
spices; a kind of embalming. To 
fumigate. A crime ; an occasion of 
animosity and resentment ; skirmish- 
ing and bloodshed ; national quar- 
rels ; wars ; a presage ; a prognostic. 
A kind of cloth cover for weapons; 
to put it on. E heug hin che J^l 
fj|j[ 1 ~^f to smear it with blood. 

Too hin jgp 1 to daub ; to smear. 
Heahin }U/ a cleft; a crack ; 

acievice; an opening to discord; an 
occasion of quarrel. 

Hin ke'ih Kvl lne causes of wars; 

Hin twan 1 15= the minute dif- 
I *W) J 

ferances or occasions of quarrel. 

Hin) fill 1 iJ/T washing with perfumes, 
performed by a sorceress. 

3949. With the blood of vie. 
tiras, to smear the vessels 
used in sacrifice. Same a 
the preceding To put a cloth cover on 
ipears, lances, and other weapons. 






Manuscript Dictionary, Hing. Peking Dialect, Sning. Canton Dialect, 

3950. Kan. Two shields denot- 
ing an equalizing. 

39J1, Pin g. Two men and 
two lance.i. Equal ; together. 
Some derive ffil Hing, To 
punish crime, from these; 
others from thefollowing. 

3952. A man defending a 
Well with a Knife. To 
punish transgressions. 

ri | Y 3953. [ - ] From Keen, 
Even, and a Knife. To 
* punish ; punishment. By 
_^ v some it is made to mean 

I* 1 ! ' I Constant ; a constant law 

/ I >| -' or rule ; that which is 
perfect; a perfect rule, TJJP 
Kea hing, To inflict punishment 
2J[_ ] Woo hing, The five punish- 
ments, ^jlj j Tung hing, To set 
in motion the instruments of torture. 
^g- -p ijJjM I Keueiv tsze hwae 
hing, A good man cherishes a dre-id 
of the laws. y| i Lan hing, To 
punish or torture at random, and to 
an excessive degree. jjt'l | Kuh 
hing, To punish cruelly. 

Hingfi 1 |pl tu punish; punishment. 

Hing ft le hae 1 

Hing hth j \&jc to intimidate by tor- 
tures and threatening? in order to 
make a person confess a practice 
in Chinese courts. 

Hing poo j |jK the tribunal of pu- 
nishmcnts, or court of appeals at Pe- 
king, which takes cognizance of all 
criminal cases. 

Hing sin 1 gjt~\ to examine by 
Hing wan j [*JJJ torture. 

Che hing ~4a | a punishment which 
consists in compressing the fingers, 
inflicted chiefly on women; men 
have their apkles compressed. 

3954. [ - ] A mould ; an 
earthen mould or pal tern; 
made of wood, a mould 
is called J>fei Moo, made 
of iron it is called ijigFan 

/L $& 3^ iU it 

fEJ ] Fan choo slrth 
e too yuc hing, Patterns 
or moulds made of earth 
for casting metals in, are called Hing. 
$12 T Teen hing (sac, 
The example which he left remains 
entire ; said and written in praise 
of those who have departed this life. 

lUll ft? 1 7/ Heunsabh '" sf ' l " gl 
To leach (good) usages and be an 

example to all around : ~jj Fa 
used for [/I] 'Jfj Szo-fang, The four 
quarters ; all around. 
Hing-fi 1 J-J^ an example. 

3955. [ -] Body, figure,figure 
completely formed. Per- 
fect; fixed. Applied to 
punishments enacted by law, which 
should be embodied with the utmost 
care, and when completed, remain 
unalterably fixed. Used to illustrate 
the word jj-H Hing, Punishments. 
Same as B Hing. The middle part 
ought to be written 3-f Keen, 
Even ; equal. 

3956: A nime of a weed ; a 
wooden stand. 

3957. [ - ] A certain ves- 
sel used in sacrifice, de- 
signed to contain a' kind 
of soup made of fragrant 
herbs and f . 

two different 
Hing ting -Jlfc expression- for 

the same vessel under different cir- 

^ k 3958. [-] Form; figure; 
; that ' 



Having Hing or form, expresses 

what is material : Woo nine fnffi 1 
6 <n> | 

being without hing, i. e. immaterial, 
invisible; spiritual. To give shape 
or figure to ; to manifest or exhibit ; 
to exhibit the bones ; landscape ; a 
certain vessel. 

Hing chwang j jj^ the figure, the 
external appearance. 

Hing yung die | ^ ^ to give 
body or shape to; to exhibit its 

Hing che 1 jjjlj the form or manner 
in which a thing is made. 

Hing tsefh ko e | jj^ Pj" ^ 
suspicious appearances. 

Hing she 1 ^j& the aspect or general 
appearance of a district; landscape. 

Hing yung J ^ figure; visage; 

Hingte |j^J 1 corporeal form; 

Hing sean 1 $fc j figure; resem- 

3959, [ \ ] From Yaou 
^C* Evil influences, and 
Ylh ^fjf To oppose, the 
opposite of evil influence ; 
i. e. -fortunate ; lucky. 
Luckily ; happily ; blessed j 
to bless, as the Emperor does a place, 
by visiting it, hence hhgoingto a place 
is expressed by Hing. The affection 
of the Emperor. To obtain by good 
luck; to hope or wait for. A surname. 

Hing tih 1 1& to succeed or obtain 


Hing Lseih , *f to succeed by the 
happy influence of others. 

Hing urhcheju tan ] fffj ^ ^ 
Hawaii till the morning. 

3960. Appearance of a tall 

S961. [-] Name ofanan- 
cient principality; name of 
a district ; a surname. 

3962. A certain vessel 
resembling a bell, but 
" having a long neck. A 
Yessel for wine or spiri- 
tuous liquor. 

3963. [\] Keaouhing 

to obtain by other 
means than those of merit 
or of right. To be unremitting in 
the pursuit of gain. King hing -te. 

sycophantic; parasitical. 
Hing | w as originally written without 
Man by the side : it is a vulgar and a 
superfluous addition. 

Hing hwS I 5*f}. to obtain by some 
.piece of good luck, without any merit. 


Hing meen j r^ to escape by mere 

3964. [/] HinglSng [ JA 
Coldj frigid. 

3965. Hing or Hing-hing, 
Anger; vexation; rage 
discovered in the coun- 
tenance ; violent displea- 
sure. Anger destructive 
to one's self; very, exceed- 
ingly. Some say, Near to. 

f] 3966. To pull; to drag 
upon or involve one's 
self in. A surname. Ying 
hing gS j the ap- 
pearance of a large ei- 
panse of water. Ming 

[ j natural, genial, vivifjr- 


ing fume or vapour. 

3967. Straight fdirected to; 
bent or crooked. 

3968. p/J Speech; abrupt 
address; an angry tone of 
speech; to speak with 
vehemence. Also read 





M _ 3969. [f- ] To act ; to do; 

Jr ^^* to perform. The actioni; 

| -J the conduct. In an official 
sense To send lo j to transfer a legal 
case to srme inferior magistrate. To 
walk; to po Read Hi ng, A path; 
a road. Re:id, A class of per- 
sons; n coivpany ; a mercantile bouse 
or factory. (Compare with Hang 
and H ing.) Koohing^f j a kind 
of accompaniment ; ei.core. 

Hing chay sin die fa ^ fo ^ 
e3j the actions are the issues of the 

Hing finjj I Si conjugal intercourse. 

Hing heang J ^Q. to burn incense ; 
tu perform worship. 

Hing kung ^ ^ a palace to receive 
the Emperor on his lour. 

Hing ki.,g ke | gg fa to act as a 

Hii.g le | fljg to perform any cere- 
mony, act i.f oheisance, or homage. 

Hing so | ^ to fetter ; to put irons 
on a person. 

Hing ting | &fo wrapers to strength- 
en the legs, used by persons who 

Hing t;ou heen I ?|] iBJi to fend 
i **^ 9 fy/i* 

to the Het-o magistrate. 

Hing tsang 1 |^attj and qualifica- 
tions ; character. 
Hing wei 1 jS. actions ; conduct. 

%- Jj """ [ '] A certain plant. 

^> _I -n Also read Hing, A water 

1 \w pi nit with the lower side of 

the K-af white, and the upper preen, 

from which a kind of red colouring 

is procured. 

SHI. (/-) Toarixe; to 
g( t U|> i to be in a do rMi- 
\ '" 'tale ; to be in h gh 
spirits, to take delight in, to esteem , 
to be in gr a. demand, as au article 
of commerce ; to mote or put in 
motion. Name of a district; of a 
palace. A >.urnaiiie. To introduce 
by an allusion in poetry. Read Hin, 
To cover e pons. Kaou hing .S 
I tii^h spirit*, pleiseJ with. 

Hing die | jt 1 riling and being 

Hing keu j JjZyJ reiitlent in a 

place, expresses the varied cir-'iim- 
stanccs under which a person is, laced, 
whither moving about or being set- 
tled in a place , all one dues 

Hingfi j ^ to a rise a. id issue forth , 
t become flourishing. 

Hing ke 1 jjt to arise ; to rcuie, or 
to be roused. 

Hing kwo li-anu ^ "J* the de- 
mand (for an article) is past. 

Hing ping 1 Jn to put an army in 

Hing tow J ]jjj joy ; binlle. 

3*72. (\ ) Pleased; joyful ; 
joy. A woman's Dame. 

3973. ( - ) Transverse ; 
crosswise ; a cross. 

3974 [-] Odours, or pices 
smelt at a great distance. 
Hing heang fflK fra- 

grant odours ; incense; fumes of fra- 
grant in reuse; fu lues from hot pro- 
visions ; a good reputition. 

3975. ( /) A >ur plum, 
some what like the };reen 
^W gage. Also read Hang. 
Compare with Hing. Hingjia 

] /f_ almonds. Pih hing ^ ] 
name of a | Lice in the north. 

3976. [ / ] The bones 
i,f the leg lelow the 
knee, applied also to the 
leg. of birds. Hing hing 

1 straight forward 

*T II. 






Manuscript Dictionary, Ho. In Peking Di. led, the // is guttural. Canton Dialect, Fo and 

1 3977. p) Intended to re- 

y 1^ pr sent the aicenl of flume ; 
S ^^ the matter of heat. Fire; 
beat ; fever , to burn with fire. The 
first of the 6ve element* is water, 
the second iJ?re. Name of a stir. 
K ime of an officer, and if a well. A 
luriiime. Shin ho Jj^ ] to eaten 
fire. Kew ho ^ j u, pH t out fire. 

HII che | hurnl it. 

Ho shth fun j fa ][ft ca |k. 

Ho kang ^ j-fc a p i t ,,f fire . 

Ho loo | jj|g| a (urnaitce. 

Ho pe icu 1 JS a fire declaration j 

i. e. ade<spitch luminous and swift 
uther ITS of caloric. Ke lio &L 1 
to take fire i the burning out of a 

tonfWr,ition. Teen ho 'f& 1 
/tit I 

to s'.rikea light; to lijit a candle. 
Ho pwan \ a sh.irer of the *ame 

fire, a comrarY, ;i companion. 
Ho sing j Jj; (he plant Mars. 
Ho ken laou ze ^ ^*j jff it th 
priests of Taou who live in society, 
and not in monasteries. 
Hosh-iou 1 ijae to liurn with fire. 

j a vulgar term for a 

Ho tow 

Ho-low j 

Ho lu j 1 


a kind of raoothing 


Hotidh 1 y^fe scaling wax. 

Ho-tseih i;een ^ ^ ^j" wafer*. 
Ho jen 1 j& the flame of fire. 
Ho-jO 1 *S gunpowder. 
llo-^C-heQh i *S |jjj place where 

ptiwdtr is made on the north tide 

of Canton. 

Ho ke 1 @ hot fume, applied to the 
temper, denotes choler ; when it 
refers lo the body, it denotes/e/ier. 

3978. Same as the preceding 
^ w w 'v in -compound characters , b v 
some read Pe.iou. 

SOU. [ \ ] A man who par- 
takes, or rocs e- at the rue 
fire j a comrade ; a com- 
panion. Kea ho (^ I house-hold 
furniture and utensils. Ho rhanj; 
p^ the superior of the crew ; 
M.ites or officers in Me chant's ships 
ar<; so c.illed at Canton. This cha- 
racter seems to be an abbreviation of 

3980. Fire issnin<r forth ; 
fire diffuiuug colour. 


3981. Ho or Hoo. The mouth 
propelling w;irm breath j th 
noise n.aile when blowing 
with the breath. 

8988. The name of a place. 

3983. T-] From ^ Mfih, 
Wood, and an aubre* i.itii a 
,.f ^ Chuj, Hanging 
dovn in ulluMou to the ears of grain. 
I'adih ; corn, or grain in general j 
agreement ; harmony. A surname. 
Borne ] ^Jj^ paddy, rice. 

a green shoot or 

Ho meaou 

blade of corn 
II suy 
Ho shah ] 
Ho tnoti J 

known in China. 
Ho ta 1 ^J" a flail. 

3984. [-/] 

maul*. M,]d; kindly, 
complaisant ; agreeing ; 
harmonious, peaceful. To 
harmonize ; concord ; 
harmony ; agreement; 

an ear of corn. 
a sheaf of grain. 
name of a grain well 


pence. To accomp-iny ; to join With. 
A surname. Read Ho, To rcijmnd ; 
to modify and ratine to mi* or 
blend together. Sing tsing wan ho 

')H '14' in* f a m ' lld and k ""' 
di.i|i(.si(ion. Jin ho ping /^ 

5t- a mild even tempered man. 
Seang ho of I agreeing; hanno- 
nizing. Li'ang jin piih seang ho IM 

y^/f x ffl 1 l ' lc two nlen ( '" ' 
agree. PQIi ho mfih J^ U^ 

disagreeing; at variance with. Shang 
ho hea unlh J-^ ^ ~J^ [g? supe- 
riors.genlle, and ii.f.riors peaceful. 
Foo loo ho, urh how ke:i taou thing 

* % } m $ t / 

let husband and wife a r nv, ad then 
the welfare of the family will be e- 
cured. I'uli yaou slian^ ho ke /f^ 

~& i$i M do not wound the 

_5v \y/j | /r>\ 

feeling of concord, or mutual amity 
and good.wil'. T.I ho slia:ig J^ 
fpn the first or ch'uf |iriest lira tem- 
ple. Tae ho ^ ^ the ei eral 
pn valence of tru h and peace. 
Keanj; ho ||| ' or ^j[| ^ Kcuen 
ho, To persnaile lo mutual agreu- 
roent. Hw;m hwau lie he ho ta cliQli 

. hoc- if: t-^^ 1 t 

! ^J J quiti 1 pli aved and de- 

li^hted to jo out "illi him Se;i<iu 
l5n^ jn? ho /J- ^ j^J ^ a small 
reed i called Ho Kciin-iiiiin yug 

ho ^ P4 1 lhe ^ ate cf the 
mrmy Ithe p:issaj;e by which they 
advance) is called Ho Instead of 
Ho nmn, Luy-mun W P*1 is now 

used. Lcang keuii seang tuy yu? 


two nr ni s opposed to each 
other is r.illed Kcaou ho. He ho 
jj the names of two officer), 
said to have directed the tign* of 
times, or the agronomical depart- 
ment. Yang ho kin kaou |>ei yay 



i the modern (support for the b::ck 
called) kaou-pci. Teaou ho Lj 
to mix and unite together. 1'iti \ 5 
tse ho |rj \ ^ ?& } a hu drcd 
medicines all mixed lo elher. T.s/e 
Chang urh pe jing yu? ho 

ffii ifc M El 1 H " 

one singing and another responding. 
To rhyme, read Hwuy. 

Ho e ] ll^; and Yun ho ] 

naiiv s of |il ices. 
H<> gne j *>jjj an agreeable, pleasing, 

cordhl manner. 
Poke 1 j9 a spirit of harmo"T; 

hirmony, a cordi-il gond natnred 

feelii g and dispmilion. 
flo keen 1 ^fi fornication or adul- 

tery, by (he consent of both pirties. 
Ho nwan | |HP concord and genial 

Hoping 1 Jp a n-meof le?. 

Ho e urh shwfly Y^ ?m jjip 

to go to sleep with one's clothis on. 

Ho shun Hlt'i comulaisant; accom- 
I /'IK 


Ho ke sing tsae ] 3j^ ^ BJ- 
liannoi y, or a frieudly kind temper, 
begets wealth. 

3986. A little child crying. 

3088. A woman's name ; fin* 
, countenance. 

S987. The head of a cof- 
fin ; a coffin. 

J| f^ S9'8. Name of a plnnl ; the 
crooked handle of a harrow 
or a plough. 

3989. Even; tranquil; peace, 
ful. A man's name. 

3990. Certain pieces of 
metal hung > as to make a 
jingling, sonorous, musical 


3991. Same as ^jj Ho, To 
JV^/I* harmonize; lo cause to 

TTf ai cord , lo unite in harmony. 
The of a city ; a palace , a bell ; 
and a man. 

pj^ 3992. Ko. To be able It dot 
to Leftiedfor; illottaUe. 

S993. f -] Which? who? 
what? Rrad Ho, To bear, 
t<> i rry 'I he name of a 
counln in tl,e west. A h,t or c. p if 
in t e west, cal ied ?fe \ TBh . o. 
Joo ho ^J|j j or ret creed, Ho joo, 
How? manner? f-bwoy ho 
":,!(. | who! what! and Mi kaa 





joo ho ]^*L jfj jjn 1 not dare as 
how, are the 1 inguage of defence ; 
as Let him do as he like* ; he dares 
not lo do any thing. WHO ho iff: \ 
Woo ke ho JDE |fe 1 for no great 
length of time. Woo nae ho 4Ht Tfc 
I and Woo ko nae ho jDlF. nf ^S. 

,i.. I /)> 

j express that which is Unavoid- 
able, as there is no resource ; nothing 
can be done. Woo rae tTh wo ho 

to me; he can do nothing 1 to me. 
Joo ho she Uh &Q ] *ji ^ how 
will it answer ! or whit method will 

succeed. Ki.igho^B? I name of a 
,AJ- I 

female offiVer d'.iring the Dy asty 

Han. Tan. ho $% I to Mut.ii.i, to 


Ho rhoo ' f& what place? wUece* 
Ho koo { ]fa or Yin ho |/cj \ 

or Wei ho '^ each cx|resses 

Wherefore ? why ? on what account ? 

The first expression denotes some- 

what of surprise, as What occasion 


Ho jin Ine 1 ^ ^ who comes ? 
Ho peih 1 ;Jl wh:it necessity ? 
Ho peih ting yaou joo tsze lUj 

*j |& fyfl what necessity to 

insist ou having it thus ? 

Ho ize j 4U "hat 
Ho che joo tsze j 

cirry it to this extent? 
Ho te woo tsae 

what place is without talent? i 

mongst wlnt cliss of the conimuuity 

ii talent not to be found ? 
Ho wuh ^ 9ij/n which thing? 
Ho joo 1 jjn in what manucrf how ? 

-'ir ' 


S994. [-f] Ho, or Ho- 
hwi ] |jfE the Nelum- 
I in m Water lily, it is called 
by various other names. Ho is a 
generic term applied also to oih.T 
plants ; the name of a place; lo hear 
or sustain a burden physically or 
morally; the noise of anger. Foo 
ho 3 * h< - ar ; to sustain. 

Ho e 1 /$C lhe lar e leaf of lhe 
water lily. 

Hi> piou 1 fa) a Chinese purse, com- 
monly vioni as n ornament. 

Ho (seen \ f j| the small opening 
leafofthew.ter lily. 

,3995. [-] To s;ie k angrily ; 
to blame, to interrogate, lo 
reprehend ; to eject Ihe 
breath. Reiterated, The sound of 
laughter. A tone of careless reply. 
Yth chin ho ho ta *e on R^f 
fc ^ a fit of loud laughter. 

Ho keen 1 ft or Ta ho IT \ to 

Ho lain j Tpf to reprimand. 

32V 6- To grasp with the 
hand; to push a side; to 
move; lo shake. 

,3997. [-] The river; viz. 
the Yellow River, by way of 
minence | said to arise 
from two sources. A river; name of 
a district; a certain wine tcsscl; a 
sum.. mo. Hwang ho -of ] the 
Yellow River. Yin ho ^fl j or 
Teen ho -3A the milky way. 

Kewho ft I nine rivers referred 
to at the time of the Chinese Deluge. 

San-ho _ I expresses the south, 
north, and east of the Yellow River. 
King ho t3f name of astir. 

Tuou-ho -/ffi name of a bird. 
Leang-ho [35 I denotes the north 
and south of ihe river. 

Ho nan ] "rffi one of trie most noted 
provinces in China; the region first 
called tf-l H<] Clmng-kwS.Thecen- 
tr;il nation. 

Ho-t H.U 1 ^ the region enclosed 
b\ the Yellow River on the r.orth, 
and the ;:re I wall on the south, or 
th t portion of territory embraced 
by Ihe Yellow River, i.i its cour e 
north of the wall, and return again 
to lhe s..ulh. 

Ho pS so 1 ^6 fifr an officer who 
controuls the boats ou ri\ers. 

399 8. A certain plant, namt 
/QI of a marsh. 

39<>9. A sacrifice ; to sa- 

ik _k 4000. [-] Small plants ; used 

-^H figuratively to denote what 

J is of small importance;petty 

('etails; troublesome; circumstantial; 

vexatiousli minutp. To reprehend 5 

to trouble or vexj severe; anger. 

A surname. 

Ho fi y~| government which 

Ho clung I iFfr' \ is vexatiously 
i y~j\ J 

circumstantial in its laws, nnd which 
becomes insupporlably oppressive 
by iut rfering unntcess TI|\ with Ihe 
liberties of Ihe subject; they *ay it 
is worse lhau the rage of tigers. 


Ho heae l(ft petty dislikes and 


Ho kth 1 ^|J to oppress and annoy 
by minutely circumstantial require- 

Ho-lan kwS 

Ho yang ] j) 
itch or ache. 

jjrjj Jglj Holland, the 
petty unimportant 

4001 [ - ] To tell what he 
ought to do. To repre- 
hend; to blame ; to speak 
sharply to, to spe, k lond- 

at or traduce ; to interro- 
gate abruptly. Name of an office; of 
a wood and of a state. Ke-ho jjjfe 
to ri.lieulc and rail at. Te ho 
HJf to traduce or slander. 
Ho ts^h | ~i V to rail at anil blame in 
a loud angry tone. 

4002. To turn the head 
aside, and look slily or 

4003. [ \ ] From To alter 
and pearls or money Things 
which are charged or ex- 
chai ged ; articles of commerce; goods 
<{ an) kind; to deal in goods, to sell, 
to bribe. 
Ho le ^jjty to offer presents as a 

Ho pei 1 Ha pearl or valuable 

thing given for goods ; money. 
Ho sin ' ^ the quality ofan article, 

soini times the colour of it. 
Ho wilh I fe goods, cargo. Yang 
ho y j foreign commodities. Ts i 

ho 'i I a mixture or variety of 
sr\ n 1 

Pip.T II. c 4 


articles. Tun ho [ifcj I to mono- 
polize goods; to do so wilh grain is 
prohibited. Ylh shwrty ho w 
j the goods th <t come to market 
with one tide or voyage; or other 

4004. [ - ] From to add and 
a pearl. To congratulate; 
to felicitate ; to express >a- 
tisf.iclion on another person's hap. 
piness, by words or by presents; 
congratulations on the new and 
full moon ; new year and other 
holiday times. To sustain or bear 
a burden; to carry on ahorse, mule, 
came', or cart. Pin ho T''f j t.i 
offer congratulations on a Icrm, or 
holiday. Rung h5 ;?fe j respect- 
ful congratulation. 

Ho e J / &~| presents given as con- 
Ho le j j||y ! J gratulatory offerings. 

Ho king 1 ^g or reversed, King ho, 
To congratulate, to felicitate. 

Ho Ian shan 1 |M jjj mountains to 
the north of Kan-suh Province. 

Ho tsee | |ip to offer congratula- 
tions on a term, or holiday. 
_V ,_^ 4005. Water generally ; or 




the name of a particular 

4006. The sleeve of a garment. 

4007 . The grease-horn of a 
carriage; an utcn il to 
coi.tain oily matter 
with which to 

' ] the cnt's of the axle 

\ ] 4(.0<. I'.ul; injury i 
curs from th 
F.vil .calimity; mitfnr- 

I ] tune, adversity, judg- 
ment, misery ; to de- 
troy, to exterminate. 
PC ho jjjf: j to a- 
void a calamity .1 
hwan suy che 1 

low them. Ho fdh 

adversity and prosperity are inti- 
mately dependant on, or ii. eluded in, 
each other ; they seem to iaj that 
they generate each other. 

Ho hwan \\\ cal unities. 

Ho keae ] \tyj tep to misery ; th it 
which leads to calamity and distress. 

Ho keae sing yule ^ ^ jt ^ PJ 
all evils arise Iroro gam, or the love 
of it. 

4099. Many ; numerous; a 
\ ] band, a company ; a 
crew. Many of any 
thing. Many persons 
forming a roup; a 
party ; a banditti ; per- 
sons of the same origin and of the 
same pursuits, partners in the same 
mercantile concern. Ke ho jjgfe 
how many ? 

H i ke j V" a pirtncr ; a comrade; 
a companion i a i>erson. who enters 
into the same schemes or plans. 
Ho tang 1 'V"! ; ' ju-'t- 1 i > cabal; tneo 

combined for snrae secret design. 
Ho taou 1 ffi bjiidiltl of rubbers or 






Manuscript Dictionary, ffti. ffiianA Hu'uh are confounded. Canton Dialect, Hap> 

4010. To close; tojom> to 
^^ pair ; to unite ; united ; to 
V- * assemble -, to agree ; agree- 
able to ; to accord with ; to harmo- 
nize ; to suit ; to answer ; 'to reply. 
A certain vessel to contain things. 
A surname. The name of a grain ; 
name of a district. Read KS, A cer- 
tain measure. To rhyme, read Heth. 
Pei h J3JK 1 or Gow ho |^ 
to pair ; to unite in pairs. Teen ts5 
che h5 ^ ft. ; \ a (conjugal) 
union formed by heaven. Keunchin 
hwuyhojrt" S & ] orHShwuy 
1 FI lne P rmce assem bled with his 
ministers. Seang ho jQ 

accord ; to agree. 
^ | thoughts, or idea corres- 
ponding. Kung pu piih ho ne teih 

SW* 1 $W1 

B I am afraid it docs not agree with 

your sentiments. Le h5 JjJ] 
agreeing with reason ; reasonable ; 
proper. Pub ha fa ^ j ^ 
illegal. Puh ho kwei keu ^ | 
4;0 $5 not according to custom. 
Puh ho Ic % 1 itM r F uh ho taou 
le y^ j|q" jHj unreasonable. 

Foo h5 ffi ^ or H6 tung 1 jqj 
an instrument divided in two, of 


E seanghs ^ 

which each contracting party retains 
one. LeTh ho tung j^ jm 
to form or make out. Ta puh 1)8 
> un sflfe/j^ }$\ he, or it, does 
not answer the purpose wanted. 

HtS ching ^ a term by which 
things are expressed as united. 

H5 uih yen che [ffj "=" ~jf to 
speak of them unitedly, or col- 

H5-chang 'jjji to lay the palms of 
the hands together, in the manner of 
the priests of Buddha; to clasp the 
hands and hold them before the 

a country of western 

' Ho meih j 

H8 ho \ |!p harmonisus. 
US kung 1 Jt to make out thesum. 

HS tsze shing wQh ke ] ^ ^ ^J 

BC hS-tsze is a vessel to contain 

tilings, a box. 

Ho kow 1 P to shut the mouth. 
118 kin ] ^ certain cups out of 

which the bride and bridegroom 

drink wine and exchange the cups; 

which forms a part of the marriage 


Ho mun I Plj to shut the door. 

HS pwan ta swan j?& jT\ jif 
to unite, as in a platter, and reckon 
the whole amount ; to estimate; to 
deliberate and plan. 

H5 yung i EP to answfir the purpose 

118 yen 1 

fj[ to close the eyes. 

HS shth TiT a<rreein2 with the 


pattern; suitable; answering th 
purpose in all respects ; said either of 
persons or things. 

HS yth jin ^ 3 ^ ali the people 
of the town. 

^ 4011. Appearance of the 
YJ^^^. mouths of fish. Fish mov- 
( f ing their mou.ths. Appear- 
ance of many fish. Noise made in 
laughing, as Ha ! ha ! Read Shi, Sa, 
H8,orTa,Tosuck and drink. Noise 

made in eating or drinking. Read 
HeS, A Mahomedan surname. A 
kingdom of the Toork. (De 

> ^^ 4012. Name of a Heen 
^" IV district; name of a river; a 




4013. A platter; a dish; 
box; to cover over. 

4 -* a box. 

HS tsze 

40U. To unite together ; to 
cover over; many PT'" 
uniting together and seek- 
in, with ardour. Why not? Asur- 
,,ame. A term used for the Pronoun 1. 
118 kS yen urh cl | /0 g jafl 
-; why don't you all speak y>ur 

HSche 1 f(| used for /, or Me. 

4015. HS, orK8. 

She hS, Name of one of 
JC22. the $ Kwa, or lots in the 
M, M Yih-king. Represents, it is 

'</ H\T, 

said, Something contained in the 
mouth, which being eaten, the raouth 
closes. Hence, in miscellaneous lots, 
Sfte/iS denotes Eating) in those of 
the regular series or order, Ho, de- 
notes, To close or unile. Ho, fur- 
ther signifies Verbosity ; loquacity. 
HS hS 1 1 or read KeS-heS, 
Speech, words, conversation. Read 
HeS, ] j^Heijen, The noise 
or sound of laughing. 

H8cha | ^t to take tea. IK, To 
drink, is used chiefly by the Tartars, 
and different persons use different 
characters for it. Jl^ H5, $y HS, 
y'jl HS, and flpj Ho, have all been 
given. The two first seem both ad- 

H5 tsew 1 ^J3j to drink wine. 

4016. To suck in voraciously; 
to gobble up. 

\ 4017. A kind of mat or 
thatch covering; to cover 
with thatch, to cover with 
any thing. Why not? A surname. 
Ke:id Kae, To cover; to screen ; to 
overtop ; to surpass all others. 

4018. The leaf of a folding 
door; a door; to shut ; :ill 
whom the closed door in- 
cludes; a whole family. To cover; 
ID unite all together. A particle 
denoting Why not? Name of a state; 

a man's name. Chang-ho I'll 

a |i U I 

the wind. 
Hfl vth kung kc | g Q ^ the 

whole city's declaration, or'appeal 

fora subscription; as to repair a 

bridge, and so on. 
H5 shiih } M all the kindred. 
HS keun raj the whole prin- 

H8 kea 

the family. 

whole family; all 

4019. An interrogative par- 
ticle, Why ? Why not ? To 
stop as by a sharp inter- 
rogation ; to intimidate; to expel; 
to drive out by hooting. 

4020. HS orHeS, Diligent exer- 
tion. HeSheSyungleihshing 

the sound or noise made in exerting 

strength. Lcih tsS heS hci ~^J /fj 

I doing with the exertion of 

much strength. Read US, Diligent. 

4021. HSorYae. To thirst; 
to be thirsty; a guttural, 
gurgling, clamorous sound; 

a ihout , an augry exclamation ; 
dri-p hollow found ; a lirnkcn in- 
terrupted i.niiid; the iiiin-d nf 
rrplition, belching. Yin 
a iiipprriird guttural sound, an if 
frorn i ftoppage in tin- thro it Yin 
hS, pal. fihluy^ | ^ ''. 
his voice w: s itopprd, hi! could not 
reply. Sze h5 (tijj a broken 

interrupted sound, n* in weeping and 
lobbing. Hoo-hS |ff- | to iliotit 
or call out 'manner. Tung c heu hi 

'lf*l $L J$k ] disa l'P'" te '. or 
unable toaltiin one's wish, to ttoriu 
and rage in vain. In the sri 
being loudly angry, one uc[l^ 

i v^r- iir( Nnt 
HS taou, kae so ?H bH fi 

shouted out, beat the gong. 

HS-giie I |1^ or Yae, i* said to be 
Hoarseness or difficulty of utterance. 

HS ling \ ft to egg on by hooting 
and cryin-, when murder it th 
consequence, he who docs so, forfeits 
his life. 

HS kae 1 IS '<> send th e servants 
out of a room. 

HS tsew 1 ]{ to drink wine, is 
sometimes written thus. 

4022. Same as the preceding. 

4023. Mutual dread or ip- 
prehcnsion Read Ke, To 
desist, to rest, to sleep. Read 

K8, To desire, to covet, hute, 





5024. Read Hrth, To desist, 
to -I >|>. Read HS, A short 

nosed dog. 

4025. Certain embroidery or 
leather, done by woiiien ; the 
doing of iti*id0 and cligint; 
a kind of felt or hair clo)h ; a certain 
wooden vessel unornsniented. Parg- 
hS $$ ] or loo h8 || dia- 

gonal threads of a net ; or streaks 
on a kind of haircloth; work done 
by women. 

4026. Hih. A short nosed 
dog. Read HS, Fear ; ap- 

4027. A particular kind of 
cow. Also read Keen. 

402S. Ping ho ffij- ] white 
colour; slightly coloured. 

402?). Herr pen coarse stock- 
ings. A kind <<f hair cloth ; 
coarse cloth ; a poor person. 
A surname. 

41,':0. Name of a bird ; a kind 
ofwild cock, daring in battle, 
from which circumstance 
Us comb becomes an ornament of 
soldiers' caps. 

118 kwan 1 j{^ a m'.litary cap ; also 
applied to high minded statesmen 
who retire from the emoluments of 
office in bad times. 

4031. White rice. 

4032. From irings making ap- 
parent effort to pass out of jj 
Rung, a void space. Extreme- 
ly high; flying high; high minded. 
In the following compounds, gene- 
rally implies p issing with celerity and 
ascending high. Also read ReS. ReS 
jen j %k. a lofty aspiring mind ; 
used in a good sense. 

-.|" 4033. Generally implies speed, 

**V^. celerity, fleetness, haste, the 

I'l - appearance of a small hill 

surrounded by lofty mountains. The 

name of a hill called also the Pillar 

of heaven. 

Hwuy hS |jj| "1 celerity, hasle, 
Hwnh-hS ^ 1 J speed, speed- 
ily ; chcarfulncss ; alacrity; lively 
temper and manner. The gambols 
<ir frolics of animals. 

4034. White colour. HS 
jen pih show 1 5tfC ft 
a white or grey head. 

4035. To strike the eyes ; to 
look alarmed orslaitled; to 
open the eyes ; to gize ; to 
obscure the light ; to cloud the 1 nstre, 
to dazzle with glare of arrows. 

40.J6. A kind of soup made 
from flesh, without any ve- 
getable substance. To ob- 
scure or gloom, as by steam or 

4037. A certain leguminous 
vegetable; pulse; a fragrant 


H6heang 1 ;3& the fragrance of the 
HS; a plant brought from Cochin- 

%* 4038. HS, or K8, A hone 

"'"' a 

4039. A bird that flies 
high ; name of a bird re- 
sembling the stork. "f\lj 
Seen-hS, so called 
from Seen genii being 
said to ride upon it in 
the air. Hae-hS $fl j aseabird: 
a bird often referred to by the 

4040. To gaze; to look in- 


1 4041. HS shen ' [}& the 
glare of lightning, the 
lightning's flash. 

4042. A surname. 

4013. HS-tsih ] >] 
of a baleful star. Commonly 

read KTh, A mark or limit, 
nnd so on. 

4044. US, or Hoo-hS |/J 
] an animal of I he fox 
' species, aUo cert.iiu rep- 
tiles, insects. 

> 4045. The heat of fire; to 

-* scorch ; to burn ; reiterated, 
I*-*/ Il5-h5, Great heat, masses .f 


fire flame. To traduce, to vilify. Read 
K8, Heaou, and Taon, denoting The 
destructive effect of fire in a literal 
or figurative sente. 

4046. H8, or Heaou. Stern 
severe cruel appearance; 
harsh, stern, loud voice. 
Some sound or noise. 
One says, Joy and rejoic- 
ing ; distressingly hot. 


See Heaou. 

~) 4047. Water entirely run 
off.or dried up exhausted. 
ShwOy che h7J( ^ 
| the water began to 
be dried up. Soo hS che 

JH to resuscitate a fish in a dry rut ; 
to supply it with water used to ex- 
press affording relief to a person 
in pecuniary or other distress. 

H8 ch | fe a dry rut of a wheel ; 
a rut without any water in it. 

H5 kan j $V dried up ; uo water or 


4048. The bed of a torrent 
from the mountains; a valley; 
a small creek from a river ; 
a ditch; a fosse; a pit. p^j 
Ke-hS, The streams that run in vallejs 
amongst hills. ^ j Ta-hS, or 
S 1 Keu-hS, The sea, the ocean. 
5j 1 Kovr hS, A ditch or moat, a- 
round a city wall. 
IIS shin | jl| the name of a hill. 

4049. A measure equal to 

ten ,JJ* Tow. A lurname. 

4050. H8 or Hwiih. A cer- 
tain cup or other vessel of 
the kind ; a certain utensil 
used in archery for containing arrows, 
a kind of quiver. A measure like 
the preceding. Thin, poor, exhausted 
in a high degree. The top of the 
foot, the foot or hoof of an animal. 
Read Ke8, A vessel for containing 
fat or lard. A bludgeon; to ruth 
against; impetuous effort. 



lluli.ii 1 tfll a certain bamboo vet 

I />w 


l!uh | tt fear; fear of death- 
said of animal i. 

4051. Name of a place. A 
surname. Read ShTh, ShTh 
shTh, To plough or cultivate 
the ground. A surname. 

4068. Commonly read Har, 
To injure. Read H8, Why ? 
wherefore ? why not ? 

4053. H8,Hw8, orHwfih. 
Enlarged ; liberal. Se 

4054. H8, orEelh. Weak- 
ened by disease; lassitude. 

4065. HS, Yoh, or Hunghif 

'If!': I a certain water bird 
fi>"l i 

as large as a goose, other- 
wise called^ $MTeengo. Applied 
to the name of a dog. A surname. 
Read Kaou, The name of a place. 
Read Haou, Large; great. 


D 4 






Manuscript Dictionary, Hit. Canton Dialect, lion or /"</. 

4056. [ - J The sound of 
the roice continued after 
the enunciation of a sen- 
tence. Said to represent the breath 
or voice riling and extending. From 
/^ He, A tone of enquiry, or admira- 
tion. A tone of interrogation, or 
expression of doubt ; also of ad- 
miration. Tone after calling on a 
person's name. Occurs in the middle 
of a sentence, in the sense of In; with; 
from ; to. Ke hoo 4j& j nearly ; 
about so; without much error. 
Shoo hoo JrE j a qualifying expres- 
sion like the preceding. Chub, hoo 
ke keen JfJ | IjJL f$ issuing from 
amongst them. HS hoo tsze f 1 
iH' agreeing with this. E hoo tsze 
^jl j $fc different from this. Pah 

jjjj fl| 

it docs not consist in that; the stress 
dues not lie there. Tsae hoo jk 
to consist in; to rest upon. Ke sin tsae 
hoo keun tsze ^L >j ^ 1 ^J 
IS. her heart was upon her husband. 
Sze hoo iO j like; as if. Woo 
hoo ~w* an exclamation de- 
noting regretor admiration; in which 
sense, in the Classics, these two cha- 
racters are used in common with IJ^ 

hoo ; 

PJi H? Woo hoo, and Pj^ Pj|? Woo 
hoo. Occurs Syn. with $& Hoo, To 
call to ; to call upon ; to invoke. 

^. 4057. Hoo, or Ho. To breathe 
y^yl^ out; to call; to invoke, 
xj A surname ; the name of a 
plant. Chaou hoo ^ | to call 
and beckon to with the handi Ta- 
hoo -/T 1 calling out loudly. Ta 
hoo if 1 to snore; to snort. 
Clung hoo 3ffi 1 to use epithets of 
respect when addressing persons. 
Read Ho, A tone uttered when 
beginning to enunciate. Read Heu, 
The noise of blowing with the breath. 
Woo hoo |?{| 1 alas! 

Hoo noo she pei I 7/tf 19? TrB. 
\ sy*- IT*- T*\ 

calling slavs, and sending servant 

Hoo to 1 ^" tne name of a river - 

4058- A small limit or bank 
to keep in water. The name 
of a place. Minute and mul- 

4059. The name of a river. 

4060. A woman's name. 

4061. Name of a plant. 

4062. To call out ; to call 
to ; to call to come. Read 
Haou, To deceive or insult. 

4063. A fish. 

4064, Hoo, or Heu. To 
\J Hj present or state to superiors. 

To blow; to warm as by 
breath. To sooth ; to smile upon 
and wheedle ; to laugh. See Heu. 

4065. I"/ J To. protect; that 
which closes upon and pro- 
tects: A door; an opening; 

a hole or den. The principal person 
in a family ; the master of a chop or 
a boat. A family ; a house. To stop. 
\ameofastate; a surname. Mun- 
hoo I'M I a door, a family. Ta- 




raun hoo -fc I HI J a powerful or 
wealthy family. Seaou hoo jin- 
kci /n J^ 'j a poor person 

or-faraily. Teen hoo jij 1 a shop, 
kenpcr. Chuen hoo jjjft master 
of a boat , a skipper of a vessel. 

Hoo kow j j] doors and mouths ; 
population. Sometimes A door, a 
passage, an entrance. 

Hoo mun ] fttj the first character 
denotes an inner door, and a door 
with one leaf. Mun denotes .an 
outer door or gate. 

Hoo poo *j{ the Board of po- 

pulation ; and of revenue, arising 
from the people. 

Hoo kow tsung soo ] PJ 6|tj %fo 
the amount of the population. 

Hootuy l^two families in equal 
circumstances; referred to in affairs 
of marriage. 

4066. [/] ToUkeout 

with the hand. Hoo tow 

SJ* a vessel to bale 

out a boat ; to heave out 

water with the hand. 

4067. Light; luminous; 
I to illustrate ; red streaks ; 

4068. A certain medicine, 


a vegetable preparation ; 

otherwise called the 
Yellow of the earth, and 
the marrow of the earth. 

4069. The appearance of a 
small hill. 

4070. [ r J The tail, or to follow 
F| f behind; the name of an an- 
cient state. Name of an 

office. Hoo-hoo, Extensive, wide 

covering. . A surname. Sang-hoo 

x-e j a bird that retires to the 

shade; a retired scholar. 
Hoo pi j JG^ or Pi-hoo, Certain 

attendants of the Emperor on his 

hunting excursions, 
Hoo tsung I ^t to follow and attend 


4071. To impart; to give 
extensively. Poo-hoo /Hj 

j to diffuse widely. P5 
hoo ^p | opposed to what is rea-- 
sonable ; to act without any dread 
or fear of consequences. 

4072. A certain bamboo, 
employed in fishing. 

4073. Name of a bird. 

4074. [-] To call out; a 
tone of lamentation; an 
aspiration or si^h. Name 
ot a river; a man's name. Read 
Hea, The roaring of a tiger. Oc- 
curs in the seuse of4 v HOP, An 
exclamation or interrogative par- 

4075. The itreaki 
llie tiger'* ikio. 

4076. [ f ] To cry out 
aloud; to call. A surname. 
Read Hoo, To ipcak to 
in an angry intuiting man- 
ner, otherwise expressed 
^ P[{J $ Tflh tsBy. 
Kow hoo [J I to roar 
out with the mouth. 

4077. Hnndtome, elegant, 
beautiful, good, excellent, 
to boast of beauty. Hoo 

P* | ^U<>od, aloca! 

40ra [-] A tiger: from the 

"M^ tlreaki of a tiger' i ikin, and 
//^l JL Jin, A man; the appear- 
ance of a rampant tiger pouncing on 
his prey. A surname; name ot 
a district, and of a hill. A chamber 
pot, from such vessels being made 
to resemble a tiger, in the time of 
H;m. Laou hoo jj J a tiger. 

Hoo pe 1 )^ a t ger's skin. 

Hoo chiu | a daring servant of 

the crown. 
Hoo mun P*J tiger's gate, the 

Hocca Tigris ; a narrow entrance o 





the Cimtim UiviT, defended by forts 

on the opposite shores. 
Hoo lang che sing ^ 

a cruel disposition. 
Hoo kow tseu slrth | 

to seek food in the tiger's mouth; to 

engage in perilous pursuits to gain 

a livelihood. 
Hoo she tan tan | f|[ j$ $fc 

to look like a tiger, ready to leap on 

its prey. 

4079. Sound made by catl- 
ing out, or -by lamentation. 
The voice of a tiger. Hoo 
j t^ to speak in a boisterous, 
fierce, intimidating manner. 

4080. [ - ] A kind of seal 
made like a tiger, giving an - 
thority -over the army. A. 

certain vessel made of stone. 

HoopThchoo ] Jjfj Camber beads. 

Hoo pth j jfa amber. The Chinese 
have various fjble about the origin 
of amber; that from which Hoo-pih 
is derived, regards amber as the 
manes of a tiger. Amber is also con- 
sidered the resin of the pine. 

4081. A species of pulse. 

4082. ' Name of an insert. 

] 4083. Filling into 
each other, like the ser- 
rated edges of shell fish. 
An uneven edge. A but- 
cher's peg or hook on 
which to hang meat 

Keaouhoo< I blended or unit- 
ed together, a? the fingers of one 
hand inserted in those of the other. 
Seanghootfi I mutual, reciprocal. 
Shan ko hoo ta \^ S^ ] %& 
the responsive songsof mountaineers. 
PetszehooechangD| Jl ] ^ 
/tjh that and this, (the one -and the 
other,) mutually depending. Hwdy 
hoo jp] 1 to hare mutual refer- 
ence ; regard to ) or care of. 

Hoo seang lie chi ] jj^j ^ ^ 
to keep a mutual watch over each 
other required by the government 
in the same tithing. 

Hoo ke I |ji a bond giTen by 
five persons, in which they are respon- 
sible for each other, required of 
literary candidates by the govern- 

Boo wifh I 4Jjf that class of fish 
whose shells have serrated edges. 

4084 Cold ; congealed. 

Hoo pe eJ3 closed np 

by frost. 

4085. [ / ] Pe-hoo 

a place of confine- 
meat made by railing; a 
fence thrown round, 

otherwise called ^T FE. 
I J / ,7y 

Hing-ma, To walk a 
horse; a riding circus. 

4086. [ / ] Closed or shut 
U P ; fast bound by cold or 
ice. Cold ; the appearance 
of .-. sh et of waler. Mau-han Virn J 
watery appearance. 

Hoo-han | |9|ci)!d; fast bound with 

Jt jk 4087. Name of a bamboo; 
a something to hang a firing 

on; something to fasten a 
cow's halter. The edible shoots of 

4088. Name of a plant 

4089. Short garments. 

4090. To remember; to 
/ recollect; to debate, to 
ICI wrangle. 
Hoo tseaou j gp2 to speak angrily. 

4091. [ ' ] To kneel with 
both knees on the ground. 

4092. F_ - ] A wooden bow,* 
piece of bamboo for stretch- 
ing out a banner in the 
form of a bow. The name ofa star. 
Twan hoo ha | the name of an 

AIL 1 

insects. Moo-hoo qfe. j a certain 
banner or standard. 

4093. [ - ] An animal pos- 
sessed by demons ; a sus- 
picious animal which will 

not herd with others. A surname. 

Ling hoo ^ 1 name of a city. 

Hoo e ] qifc} ""P'C'ous, distrust 
IloohwS J ||!/ fuL 

L'oo le j ^ the fox. 




4094. r - / ] Hoo, or Hoo, 
loo I Igffi a kind of cala- 
liash. A surname. 
Hoo tsze 1 -~ a certain bank raised 
against water. 

4095. [ - ] The flesh hang- 
ing down below the chin. 
An interrogative particle ; 
name of a lance or javelin; remote; 
distant; a certain rouge or pigment 
cake. Name of a river; name of a 
plant, of 3 district, of a book, and 
of a country. A surname. A^ed. 
Loo boo JBH | to cover the mouth 
and laugh ; to make a noise in the 
throat when laughing. 

Hoo tseaou j i& pepper. 

Hoo teg j iffi a bufterfly. 

Hoo ma tsze j Hpf -Tp. linseed. 

Hoo wei joo tsze 
bow is it tints? 

4096 Even; level. 

4097. Hoo'tseaou 1 ttj 
pepper. The addition of 
wood to the character Hoo, 

is pronounced unnecessary. 

4098. [-] A lake, tl 
name of a river, ai.d of a 

Hoo hae che sze yife ~/f -^ 

a man who has traveled much and 

has passed !;.kn and seas. 
Hoo-kwang JK a well known 

province of China. 
Hoo-nan 1 i&j the southern division 

of the ancient Hoo-kwang province. 
FRAT ii. x 4 

Hoo p'ih I JL *'"' northern division 
of Hoo-kwang province. 

4099. f-]Tian-hoo J|f 1 an 
animal resembling mon- 

[4100. [-]Shen-hooJf| 

Hoo leen JS a certain vessel used 
in temples to contain grain. 

4101. Something causing a 
stoppage of the-throat. 

4102. [-] Name of a 

bamboo. Hoo IQh I 


S" a quiver for arrows. 

4 1 OS. [.] Paste made'from 
boiled flour or rice; to paste, 
to daub. Read Hwufe, Sud- 
denly ; abruptly. 

Hoo hw&n 1 y^ confused; stupid. 
Hon-kow j p to stop the mouth 
with paste; i. e. to feed. Woo e boo 
kow 4H JTjf ] P nothing to fill 
the mouth witli no food to eat. 
Hoo shwS 1 ^& foolish talk ; to talk 

I ri'** 

Hoo too iffc pnste and muddy 

pt isler denotes stupidity ; a\ plied 
either to thinking, speaking, or 

4101. [-] Hoo tee" 1 
a butterfly; fur this there are 
other character* used. 

410S. [ - ] A gourd or 

Hoo-loo 1 Wfaealabii. In several 
of these terms, different character* 
arc used. 

[- 410. [ - ] Hoo-tung 

the ftreets in Peking 
are called by this name. 

4107. The part of a (farmer.- 
which comei below the arm 

4108. [ - ] Te-Boffi 
a certain ardent generou< 
liquor made from cream. 
Used figuratively for the. 
disposition of Buddah 

4109. [ - ] Foods gruel; 
congee ; to depend on others 
for food. 

Hoo kow sze fan-: ] P {7E 
to go every where seeking food. 

4110. HooorTehoo^ft 

/K'-l I 

a water bird with feet, said 
to resemble the human 

- f " J * 'omwon term for 
*<?rrf; the hair on the tem- 
pics. Xot contained in the 
Chinese Dictionaries 
Hco tsr e | ^- a beard ; a man with 

a beard. 

Hoo eu j the beard generally ; 
d (Ten ill words arc used for the hair 
on the upper lip and on tic cbin. 



4112. [-] Large, great; 
empty ; proud. Read Woo, 
To be kind to ; to soothe ; 
tube taken by surprize.erobarrassed; 
a tone of astonishment. 

4 1 IS. To cover; to cover 
over as with a sheet. Large, 
great; wide; possessing; 
having; remiss ; careless. 

4114. [ - ] Hoo or Woo. 
Flesh without bones dried 
in the sun, and used in sacri- 
fice. Large slices of meat. A rule, a 
law. Head Foo, Fat and beautiful. 
Read Mei, The flesh of the higher 
part of the back. 

4115. [ - ] To lean up- 
on ; to have support, or 
that which does support ; 
an expression for a mother. 
She 'Jap is used for a fa- 
ther. Hoo is also used 
for both, parents. 

4116. [/] To be regardless 
I"T~ ofinslniction and of morals, 
It* to persevere in the road to 
ruin ; irreclaimable. The favorer 
blessing of heaven ; happiness. 

4117. [/] A certain wood ; a 
term to express any utensil's 
being fragile, and bad of its 




ruin ; 


/f\- I* 

| V "^ 


4118. [ _\ ] The bank of 
a river ; a b;ink or shore ; 
a lawn by the side of a 
river. Name of a par- 
ticular river. 

4IV9. To be attached to; 
to have affection for; to 

412 <>. [ ' ] The appearance 
of rain running down; cur- 
rents; rushing and dashing 
against each other. The name of a 
river and of a bird. Read 8, The 
name of a Been. To boil. Ta-hoo 
T ] a certain musical instrument. 
8-hoo Igil deep retired apart- 
ments in a palace. Poo-hoo./^J 
the diffusion of education. 

4121. [ ' ] The name of a 
place. Read HS. To cut 
down and gather in grain. 

,4152 [/] To watch for the wel- 
fare of; to assist ; to guard ; 
to preserve safe and entire; 
name of an office ; of a musical 
instrument; and of a place. 
Hoo chuen 1 ^jlfi a ship which gives 

I *t9r* 



Hoo fi ] '& to defend or patronize 

the riligion of Buddha. 
Hoo ' -tt a defensive envelope 

written on the outside of a letter. 
Hoo-le Jf[) to superintend and 

take care of, as the duties of <in office. 
Hoo wei | |=n to surround and guard. 

Hoo f3 liou yay ^Jj -fo tjfr 

a gentleman who patronizes, the re- 
ligion of Buddha. 

> 412S. Goo, or Tsirg.ho* 
a certain stone or 
mineral found on a certain 
hill. A darkish colour. 

4124. Ta-hoo ^ 1 an an- 
^f cient musical instrument. 

4135. [-] A cup or pot, as 
for wine, tea, and so on. 
Name of an office ; came 
of a place; and of a hill. 
A surname. Tsew hoo 
1 a pot for wine. 
Cha hoo 2fi } a tea-pot. To hoo 
p3J | a spitting pot; a vessel used 
for beating time on when playing. 
Hoo-Ioo 1ST a gourd or eali- 

4IB6. Water running slowly. 





Manuscript Dictionary, Hen. Canton Dielect.'/TotD or ///he. 

^^ 41S7. H6w,orH6w. From 
I* ^ E, To lead, to induce^ by 


S *"" orders proceeding from the 

mouth of one. A hereditary prince, 
a king; to succeed or be next to; 
after ; behind. A queen ; dependant 
princes or governors of states. A 
surname. To rhyme, read Hoo. 
Yuenhow-j 1 or Keun how ^ 
1 a sovereign prince. Wang how 
_1_J 1 or Hwang how f^L 

-tt* 4 

a queen. Keun how Jp! 1 assem- 
bled princes or governors. Shin how 
jfiHl j spirit behind, are the words 
cut on two stones placed in tumuli 
behind Chinese graves. 
How tow 1 g|f behind. 

4128. [ N ] The tone or 
voice of anger. Shame ; 
disgrace ; abuse. 

4129. To moisten ; to imbue. 

4130. The appearance of 

41.11. [ / ] Staring and 
looking wilh angry "lances 

I ^^ 4133. To rail at, to abuse 
with anger, and insult; 


W/ specious sycophant like 

speech ; a defect of right principles. 
A surname. 

How suy j = opprobrious speech ; 
abusive language; to rail. 

How-ping is insult; obliquy ; 


4 1 S3. [/] 'Keae-how^jj 
I to meet by accident; to 
appear pleased and gra- 
tified, but at the same time an 
apparent want of stability or tin- 

4134. The end or joining 
of a bone. 

4135. [-] Row, or Yen 
ho w pj^j the trachea, 
the windpipe. Commonly 
The throat, the gullet, the {esopha- 
gus, which, however, is properly 
expressed by j pg| How-lung 

How (e 

' a sore throat. 

4136. From man extend- 
ing a cloth, and an urrow 
hanging from it. A 
target. Of the form of 
the target, there were 
many varieties, differing 
according to the rank of 
persons who shot against 
it Promotion was ob- 
t lined by good arche'jr, 
hen ce jyfi oo . how, 

became an epithet of the 
Chiefs or Princes of stales, 
Viceroies, and Noblemen. There are 
five degrees of Nobility, riz. ft. 

' how > P* h > tsze - 

Handsome, pretty. A particle usher- 

ing in a sentence, the same as j| 

Wei, a, id Mf Wei. Also a surname. 

Occurs in the, sense of ^ He, A tone 

closing a period ; and /pj" Ho, Who ? 

what? how? To rhyme, read Che. 
How tseS 0J the Hova rank of 

How yay I %& epithet by which a 

I '*1r' 

nobleman cf the second rank from 
the top is addressed. 

4137. [ f ] Earth pi led up, 

so as to form a village tower 
.. or altar ; or an altar for the. 



Jane or district, and on which the 
name of the village or district is 

4138. A woman's name 

4139. Name of a hill. 

4140. An object to shoot 
at with an arrow. 

4141. [ / ] An angry ap- 

4142. Forms part of the 
names of woods. 

How-yu j j 
How-taou 1 

a species of small fig. 
the name of a fruit. 

4143. The monkey spe- 
cies , the name of a fruit. 
How tsze j -3- a mon- 
key. How hing J -JF^ 
the figure of a monkey. 

4144. [-] i|g 
I a certain -instrument 
of imiMC. 

4145. A sacrifice to procure 


4146. Certain cutaneous 
pustules or leprous spots 
are called jrfjT I Yew-how, 
and commonly How-tsze 
pimples; ipots. 

4147. Deep sunken eyes ; 
half blind. 

4148. A certain insect of the 
lizard or dragon species. 
E-lmw $j j the lizard 
which appears on the wallsof houses. 

4149. A certain pearl shell 
found in the southern leas. 

an avaricious ap- 


4150. Speaking; appear- 
ing in conversation. 

4151. [-] A particular 
kind of arrow. The -se- 
cond and third characters 
are, besides, used for the 
quill end, or root, of a 

4152. [-]How.jB ] 
a small garment. 


4158. [-] Dry provisions; 
victuals previously dressed. 

How leang 1 *|f dried provisions. 

4154. [ '- ] To wait. To 
enquire ; to wait ; to expect. 
To protect or guard. WSn- 
how VJ-9 I to make civil enquiries, 
to visit an eqiwl. Tth lae fung how 

* ^fe "& ' have come on 

purpose to .pay my respects. Kung 
how kin gan 'fflz jff tfZ 

respectfully enquire about (your) 
r c -nt repose; is a common phrase 
in the close of letters, implying civil 
enquiries about health, &c. Sze- 
hotv /[j5J | or Tang how ^ 1 
to wait for. 

How seu ffi to wait (till the 
guests) arrange themselves. A phrase 
Used on invitation cards. 


4155. [v] The voice of any 
animal ; the lowing of cat- 
tle; -the roaring of a tiger; 
the voice of anger. 

4156. [ \ ] How or Yin. 

the lowin of a cow. Oc- 
curs in the sense of the preceding. 

4157. [ ' ] From a. House 
in wh'ch it can be laid 
are many toni Moun- 
t;iin-like. Thick; large; 
.great; weighty; liberal; 
generous; kind; in- 
timate. A surname 
//ow, is applied Urtastes 
expressing that they arej 





strong; the opposite is jin? P6, Thin. 
Howfiih woo keang | jjj^ JJB ^jy 
great and unlimited happiness. 

How gin 1 J3 great favor or be- 
nevolence j an important act of <; race. 

How hwuy ] fi\ a liberal donation 
the language of courtesy. 

How p scan- chin- | ^ ffl ffi 
thick and thin rightly adjusltd ; or 
figuratively, the suitable drgrees of 
civility, according to what is due to 
different persons. 

Row tiou j jj|| liberal principle*. 

4158. [/]Late. Jfter in 
time, behind in place; he 
who comes late must take 
the back place ; that which comes 
after, posterity. A surname. Jen- 
how ^? j then, afterwards,or next. 
Tseen how |i|j I or Seen how 4r- 

before and after. 

Howlae 1 ^fe afterwards; hereafter. 
How tae | X-F' subsequent ages. 
How she j ||^ an after, or future 
state of existence. 

How sing / after born; one 
born subsequently to other*, a young 

How jTh ] g t h e <Uy after to- 

4159. [-] Breathing strong- 
ly through the note. 

4160. [-/]Nameofafih, 
the roes of which are pre- 


Manuscript Dictionary, Bung. Some of these words are otherwise read Hing. Canton Dialect, Hung, 

"7^4161. Kung. Ingenious ; skilled 
in one's businrn : a workman ; 
a servant of the craven. 

4162. A large belly. 

4163. Hung hung PJ 
the noise made by people 
crowded together in a mar- 
ket place. 


4164. [ 1] Quicksilvers 
mercury ; that which (in 
Chinese phraseology) is 
produced by a trans- 
mutation of f'l ~fff Tan- 
sha, Cinnabar, or the na- 
tive ore of quicksilver. The second 


character is further applied to de- 
note An indistinct vapoury ap- 

Hung-yung jl| ^ a wi(le * nd dee P 
expanse of water. 

4165. The name of a hill. 

416B. An abundance of 
fire ; flame. To dry any 
thin" with fire. 

4167. Spoiled, corrupted rice 
or grain, grain become reJ 
from being spoiled in heaps. 

JU 4168. [-] Red; reddish 

V%| i colour; colour of the south- 

J J I ern regions. Name of a 

place ; name of a plant. L8 hung tt 

I the menstrual discharge. 
Hungl:wa | ^ ihe red coloured 
Hibiscus Rosa sinensis, commonly 
called Shoe-flower. 

Hung keang ] yX tne stream Hong- 

Hung maou I ^ a nickname, ap- 
plied first to the Dutch, and after- 
w.-inis to the English, by the Chinese 
of Canton. 

Hung paou hih ^? yfj the red 
precious stone worn as a knob on 
the caps of persons of the firt rai k. 

Hung yen to p5 roing j 





/jj- most of handsome women have 
been ill fated. 

Hung ying maou ^' |pH a cap 
with red hair or silk on the top ; 
common I j worn by Chinese gentle- 
men, and gentlemen's servants. 
Hung tail 1 j' j- red lead. 
Hun;; pae ^ jj^ the red declaration, 
or Ta pae ^ |jf& the great permit, 
denotes, a Chinese Port Clearance; 
locally called Tht Grand Chop. To 
request it, is expressed by == 
\\zjL Tsing hung-pae. To issue it, by 
FS or tH Chun hung pae. 


4169. [ - ] A certain 
water plant. 

4170. [ - ] Any coloured 

fP | h a ' or vapour displayed by 
^* J* the lij;ht of the sun, the rain- 
bow which is also expressed by l 1 ^ 
Teen-hung. Name of a sword^ 
name of a plant. 

Hung tung ] JJpij connected together. 
Read Heang, To involve each other 
by verbal contests or litigation, in 
this sense used for the following. 
Read Keang, A coloured h.ilo about 
the topsof liills. The name of a Heen 

fc_ 4171. [-] To confuse; to 

""^ "1 mix ; to quarrel ; to litigate; 

)ff '"^^ to ruin. A man's name. 

41 78. A certain sea fish 
without scales. A while 
fish c. lied ^J ^ PTh-hung. 
Read Kung, An edible crab-like fish. 

4173. Hung, or Hung. i,o- 
hiin (LgS; I to si g songs ; 
the name of a song, or class 

of songs. 

4174. Commonly read Rung. 
Originally written 4-j-Kun;;, 

r representing two hands join- 
ed to hold something. Many to- 

Read Hung, '/{jj ] Che-hung, Name 
of a place. 

4175. ['-] The voice of song; 
the noise of a crowd of 
people, as in a thronged 

market place. Chow, or Tsow hung, 
1 to intimidate by an indis- 

"'77? 1 

tinct loud voice. To deceive ; to 

beguile and cheat. 
Hung ta chflh lae ] ^ ft jfc 

cozen, or beguile him out. 
Bungling ^by false pretences 

to induce to act. 
Hung peen j j|^to beguile and cheat. 

4176. A species of banner 
or flag. 

4177. [-] Water rising 
contrary to its usual course ; 
a torrent of water; a deluge, 

or extensive inu nd ition of water; 

Witt r rushing against rocks. Great, 

vast; mine of a river, and of a lake; 

of a boll, of a district, and of a hill. 

A .ur.iamc. An irregular pulse. 
Huii ftih I jjjg great happiness. 
Hung-gin j W grc^t favor. 
Hui g shwuy yV the Deluge 

spoken of in Chinese History. 
Htng shing wang j^j -|- name 

of an iilol god, whose birth day is the 

13th of the 2nd moon it is much 

4178. [-] A bamboo for 
leading off water, as a pipe; 
a bamboo to bind things 

with ; a bamboo utensil for drying 

things ; a fishing utensil. 


4179. Nameofaplajit. 

4180. Sheep's eyes, injuring 
persons in some way. 

4181. [ - ] A large yalley. 
Read Keang, Name of a 
certain valley. 

4132. [-] The gate of a 
street or Line ; a gate- way. 
The gate of he iven. Kew. 
j the nine gates of the 
Nine heavens. A bar or fastening 
for a gate. A surname $ a man's 
name. Wide, extensive; of great 
containing c p:icity; a wide unoc- 
cupied space. An extensive elegant 

4183. [f\ To fight; the 
noise of fighting and quar- 

4184. [-] The twang or 
soundufa bow siring Large, 
&reat ; o f vast ; to 

enlarge ; to act on enlarged prin- 




Hung leang jjr liberal and en- 

larged mind and. mode of acting. 

% _ 4185. f_ - ] Hing or Hung, 
fff The echo in a lirge wide 
J house. Rest ; repose. 

4186. [-] Deep, clear,.said 
of water; profound, exten- 
live. Name of a river. 

4187. [-] A net, some- 
thing that ties orfastens 
to. The second character 
also denotes Strings that 
tie on a cap below the 

4188. [-] A kind of 
strapto hold on by, or to 
rest the arms on, in the 
front part of a cart or 
carriage. The Chinese 
use a transverse piece 
of wood in sedan chairs 
for the same purpose. 
Read Kung, in a similar 

I |_ 4189, [?] HungorllSng, 


int^P* A transverse bar; ornsswisp, 

I O~f 

\^ "V or thwart : figuratively, 

Perverse; unreasonable. Name of a 
star; name of a district, and of a 
plant; a surname; name of a sign 
in divination. Tsung hang |nu 
or Tsung h$ng || lengthwise 
and transverse: lines running east 
and west ; and north and south ; 
according with, and thwarting, either 
by fuir or fool means. 

Hungchung cMh chwang 1 '$fc [j|' 
ipjf opposed every wi'y. 

Hung neih | jjjj opposed to; thwart- 
ing; perverse; unreasonable. 

Hung hing | r^j perverse, wicked 

Hung ho | jifEJ an unusual calamity; 
a divine judgement. 

Hung sze | ^|/ an untimely death. 
4190. [.] The rumbling 
noise of carriages, or of can- 
non ; the raltling sound of 
a great many carriages; the thunder- 
ing roar of cannon. Luy hung |f|' 
| the crash of thunder. 

Hung le'S J 5 rent with noise. 

Hurg lay | 3? loud thunder. 

4191. A school or college. 
Hung kung 1 'ijj a palace 
of learning. An academy or 
school. To commence, or advance in 
studies, is called Tsin hung kung }|fj 
1 ^g to enter the palace of 

u ^ f-, 4192. [-] Many ; numerous; 
V* ' -j_ rapid, fleet. Hung expresses 
-^>(^ the demise of a prince or 

Hung che 1 yffi departed this life ; 

died, dead. 

4193. [ -] Hung or Hung 
hwdh J ^J| a certain 
large bird like a goose; 
having white glossy fea- 
thers and a long neck, 
the flesh is deemed ex- 
cellent, there is a larger and smaller 
species. Great; vast. Name of a 
banner; of a place; and of a man ; a 

fcXP natural vapour 

Hung mung 

or fog. 
Hungpeen jig a very favorable 

Hung yen the large ad 

smaller kinds of wild gees*. 






Matiiiscript Dictionary, Hie*. Canton Dialect, Fa, 

^4194. Pe. J spoon. Arrang- 
ed in order at spoons at a 

4195. Appearance of an open 
mouth. To be diiliuguishcd 
from p^ Clnh. 
4190. [ ' ] Alteration of 
the state of any thing; 
change ; mutation ; meta- 
morphosis; the changes wrought in 
nature ; come into being, or to exist, 
said of animals, plants, and so on. 
To change; to transform; to tras- 
mute ; to digest ; to exchange ; to 
barter. To cause to repent, or pro- 
duce a change of mind; to change 
from a bad to a good life ; to civilize; 
to reform ; to turn from the world to 
the priesthood. To have acted con- 
trary to propriety, a local term. 
The name of a district. Also read 
Hwa. To rhyme read Hwuy, Ko, 
H.', and Go. Keaou hwa 5w XV 
instruction, and the effects of ex- 
ample; also the change of sentiment 
and manner produced by instruction. 
Fung hwa /i]i[ in allusion to the 
wind shaking the forests and the 
fields of grain, expresses the change 
produced in the manners of the people 

by the good examples and instruc- 
tions of superiors. They express, 
Beginning to exist, by jg' Tsaou, To 
nv:ke, lo form. Censirg to exist, as 
f. iding or dying, by | Hwa. Tsnou 
hwa Vg[ 1 production and destruc- 
tion ; or the power which operates 
in i.ature to cause these. Haou- 
tsaou hwa ^ j|r 1 g"<>d fortune 
or -rood luck. Pe'en hwa %j& ] 
a change from one str.t^ to another ; 
a transformation. Pecn denotes the 
commencement of the change, Hwa, 

i^-z \ 

its consummation. Ke hwa ^ | 
and Shin hwa f[j^ ] are aerial 
spiritual transformations. Hinghwa 
J( 1 a change or alteration of 
the figure which is visible. Yung- 
hwa Sj 1 to blend together, and 
change the state of each ingredient; 
to melt away as snow. Seaou hwa 
Vjt \ to melt or consume; to 
digest. SMh urh p6h hwa ^ j^jjj 
~jf\ 1 to eat but not digest; to 
read without improvement. Shaou- 
hwa #fe I or Ho hwa M 


to consume by fire. Keaou hwa tsze 
P-J- -JP a begging priest. Wang- 

hwa kwo Icaou T^ il T 

transformed and gone ; i. e. dead. 

Hwa ming | 'fift a deadly fate ; its 
being one's fate to die prema- 

Hwa yuen 1 f& or Moo hwa JEpC 1 
to beg that property may be trans- 
ferred to the temples of Fuh. 

Hwa sing g to produce; or 

sometimes, to produce by a metamor- 
phosis, in contradistinct on from {j/j'J 
A: Lwan siii?, Produced from an 
egg ; and Tae sang formed 

in the womb. 

4197. Hwa or To, To change 
or alter the position of with 
the hand ; to more to put 



4198. Name of a wood, the 
bark of which cord is made. 

fc 4199. The Change produced 
on a plant in spring; the 

inflorescence of a plant, 
this character was not introduced till 
the fiflh or sixth century; before that 
BWB fp was used. A flower. Used 
figuratively for pleasure ; and com- 
monly in a vicioui sense, indistinct 
vision. Name ofaplace; asuruame. 





decorated rockets. 
to squander ; to dis- 


Woo hwa kwo 3jft ^ the fig. 

Tahwa JT" I to flower over with 

lying glosses. Yen hwa QJ^ 

the eye seeing indistinctly 
Hwa chow | jff--| a boat appropri- 
Hwa ting jtgj J ated to pleasure 

parties, and dissolute revels; com- 

monly culled Jl flower boat. 
Hwa hwa she kcae 1 "tff j?i 

a prodigal thoughtless, age. 
Hwakeaou j M the marriage sedan 

chair used in China. 
Hwalin \ ^ a forest of flowers, 

a brolhel. 
Hwa paou I 

Hwa san j 

Hwa loo sbwSy 

Hwa sing 1 ^t arachis hypogoea, a 
kind of nut, called at Canton, 
Groundnut called by the northern 
people, Chang sing kwo -^- /Jr ^K 
an oil is expressed from them, 

Hwa tsze j ^- a beggar. 

Hwa tseaou j ife chillies or cayenne 

Hwa kei tsze FD 121 the Cycle 

of sixty years. 

Hwa tang ' $ the festival of Ian- 
i /*JL. 

terns; observed on the 15th day of 
the 1st moon. 

Hwa yuen ] IS] a flower garden. 
Hwa lew me Jin ] ^ ^ ^ 

flowers ar.d Willows stupify men; i. e. 

dissolute pleasure docs so. 

HWMJIIJ ] ,'j|| 'he pistils or pointals 
of a plant, or the bud of a flower. 

PAKT u. 4 c 

Hwa jiii ] "f^or Hwa me ' j& 

Hwa | ^ the cup or calyx of 

a flower. 
Hwa pan | -ijj^ the petal ofa flower. 

Hwa seu j =jjf the stamens or oiiires 

of a plant. 
Hwa te j 'jfi the stem of a flower. 

. Water, not in com- 

tnon use. 

4201. Name of a fish. 

4202. The transformation of 
a demon. 

4203. [-]FJowers ; elegant, 
variegated ; adorned 
with virtue; elegance, 
splendour. White hair 
coloured, or varnished 
over. Nameofaplace, 
and of a hill. A surname. A cer- 
tain star. A designation of China, 
ai.d of its language. Formerly read 
Ho. Yunghwa^. ] glory, honor. 
Chung hwa kwS tjl | (B|| China. 
Hwa fang | ^ the house of a flower, 
the cup or calyx. 

Hwa hea J^ a designation of 


Hwa yen king ] ^'^alrirjre work 
of the Buddha sect, which, from the 
specimen given in Wa.'d's Hi' d.>o* 
Mythology, seems a translation of 
the IlvHlhii Pooranu. It was pub- 

lished by Imperial Authority, in the 
beginning of the 15lh cenl: n. 

Hwa kwang 1 T^p the god of fire. 

Ilua tin I J.K i.amu of a garden. 

Hwa le iKr gay, cleg;mt, splendid. 

Hwa mei =^ elegantly adorned, 


Hwa peaou | ^^ a tone pillar with 
which tombs arc ornamented. 

Hwatsir | 2K flowered, or varie- 
gated, with divers colours. 

Hwa yen 1 =p the Chinese language. 

420 i. [-] Gaiety or ex- 
travagance of mind. 

4205. Luxuriant grain. 

4206. [-] An excessive 
degree of talk; cla- 
morous noise, such at 
is made by a drunken 
party, which stuns the 
ear. Heuen hwa 5pj 1 
or HWMI hwa g|| ' the noise of 
a great many people's voices. 

4207. [ - ] An iron spade- 
like instrument for digging 
with, to insert into the 
ground ; to make a kind of gutter s 

to till. 

4208. To open a door; r 
ait open door. 

4509. [ - ] Hwa-low 1 " 

I *i 

an elegant fine horse. 

2' ; )8 




4210. Name of a bird re- 
sembling the fowl spn-i. '. 

4211. [/] Three tongues, 
or a tongue and tvord. 
Words; speech; dis- 
course; conversation; 

I to talk; to tell; able to 
speak well in an assembly. 
To clamour; to put to 

;-5^ shame; to direct. ShwS 

*^t^ >t 

[ |^ J hwa 5TJ* speech ; 

talk; sentiment. Ptih ching hwa 
'T* /2 I not constitute speech ; 
nonsense. POh tsae hwa hea ^ /pf- 
~T* not now narrate it, not 
include it in the narrative. Haou 
shwS hwa J ^ ] something 
good or agreeably said. Wo yew 

hwa shwS ;Jj/ ~%\ 3fr I have 

'^v ra i ryfj 

something to say. Ta keaag teih 
she shing-mo hwa ijffl =jA| ffy -ijL 
"? fO> I "kalis 'ttl'at he says ? 
Hwa chang | ^ it is a long story 
better not begin it, is commonly- 

Hwa peS K|| to speak on parting ; 

to take a farewell. 

"HwashwS [ |jjitis said, on AY is > 
usual mode of commencing a novel, 
or a new section, in colloquial books. 

llwa chang hwa twan ] -^ 

talk of long and talk of short. much 
talk and altercation. 

4212. [ /] From Pencil 
placed above ground. To 
put colours upon any 
ground ; to paint or 
draw the figure and co- 
lour of things ; a picture. 
The name of an office. 
^~ Read Hwa, To mark 

JEJJ with a line; to /draw a 

line of separation ; to 
limit; to separate ; to 
lay plans, to draw out 


schemes. Name of a place Yang 
hwa 'J2H 1 foreign pictures. 

Hwa che 1 T|J a mark made with 
the fore finger and ink ; the point of 
the finger is placed on the document, 
and the impression is considered a 
woman's signature. 

Hwa che keuen 1 ^y <^; a docu- 
ment or bond properly signed. 
Hwa kung 1 ~T_ the work oTpaint- 
ing in colours; drawing; the per- 
son who paiuts or draws. 

Hwa seang I q|9 to draw or paint 
a likeness. 

Hwa yS 1 Jffl a mark placed by a 
person after his signature; the 
Chinese require both a persou's sif- 

nature with his own hand, and the 
Uwa-va, or mark also, as proof of 
the authenticity of a document. 

4213. [ ' ] GommopJy 
read Woo. Read Hwa, 
A large mouth ; loud YO- 

4214. [V ] A ram's horns 
beginning to grow; a horny 
appearance. Name of an 

arrow. A surname. Read Heae, 
A sheep with one horn; a monster 
sheep. Name of a cap. 

4215. The heel of the foot. 
Hwa-hwa alone; 

4216. [ / ] An impedi- 
ment, as a stone in the 
way. Rad Kwae, A 
square on a chess-board. 

4217. [ /] A kind of snare 
for taking animals. Read 
II wd, To grasp ; to icize. 

4218. A certain useless 
wood. See Chop. 






Manuscript Dictionary, Hoa. Canton Dialect, Wai and Wo/.. 

4219. From bone and water : 
Smooth, slippery; sharp. 
Name of a district, ofa river, 

and of an ancient stale. A drug. 

Hwa hwan ! i$ a slippery slick. A 
knave ; a sharper. 

Hwl-le 1 i)| keen, deceitful, kna- 
I / ) 

vish, lying. 

Hwa-shih j Tj* the name of a me- 
dicinal mineral. 

Hwa she 1 "JZJ" a slippery tongue; 

Hwa shih tsze 1 "fa -f- an ingre- 
dient in the manufacture of porcelain. 

Hwi tsth | jl^. \ slippery lubri- 

HwS ta | ^:jE / cous. 

4220. Disorderly ; b irbarons, 
applied to foreigners. Art- 
ful, clever, crafty, applied to 

children. Tr'uky; crafty ; 1} ing; 
deceitful. To bite; to gnaw. 

Keaou-hwa yfy "| cunning, art- 

Hwae-hwa Iff" 1 J ful > dt- <^'t- 
full, crafty. 

Hwa tsze j -j * a certain sea animal, 
the skin of which is used as a gir- 
meut, it is said to hare uo boues,aud 

that when swallowed by tigers, it 
corrodes their stomach. 

4221. Hwa-shih 1 ^ 
a certain mineral used in 
medicine, and in the manu- 
facture of porcelain ; otherwise writ- 
ten fe l Hwa. 


4222. A certain crab-like 
shell fish. 

4223. Hi or Hwi, Forlorn, 
strong ; robust ; fearless. 

4224. A hindrance or im- 
pediment, such as is occa- 
sioned by a net. 

4J25. To draw aline, as a 
rule or limit, to separate 
with a line; to draw plans ; 
to scheme; to devise. 
Name of * mountain ; and 
of a place. To stop j to 

limit. Read Hwa, A picture. 
Hwa te Uzc been \ jfij l [fR 

to mark the ground and limit one's 


Ilwikaeleaeheen 1 Hfl E[ KB 
I \m / lh rJ\ 

to draw a line of separation, or a 

Ilwa hw5 J I to draw pictures 

Tlwa jih 1 to draw one line ; to 
act by one rule. 

4226. A style, or pointed 
instrument; to mark with 
a style or graving tool; to 

divide or split open with a pointed 
Hwa kae j R3 to split -open. 

4227. Airy, light, tranquil, 
pleasing, haughty ; self con- 
fident; fleet; swift. 

4228. HTh or Hwa, To split 
to rend , to tear apart; the 
sound of splitting or rending. 

4229. Weihwi |^ 1 or 


Hwa hwuy | -ffiV to oppose; 

I Vrf 

opposed to; perverse; dis- 
obedient, the noise of cracking or 

4230. Hih or HwS, Open- 
ing; rending j breaking, 
1-SSJ splitting.. 






Manuscript Dictionary, Iloai. Cunton Dialect, Wac and Hwae. 

4231. [-] From a Demon 
under the clothes. The 
sleeve; to hide in the 
sleeve ; to conceal under 
one's clothes ; to store 
up and hide ; to put into 
the breast. To put under 
the clothes, is expressed 
by Hwae J to hold in 

the hand is expressed by J^ Qh, used 
for iW Hwae. 

Hw&-hwae|& J name of an animal 
which lives in dens, and has a human 
_* 4232. Read Hwae,a?aVerb 


Active, To spoil ; to injure ; 
^^ to break; to ruin ; to de- 

stroy. Read Kwa, as a Verb 
Intransitive, To spoil; to injure; 
to go to ruin of its own accord. 
The name of a hill. Faded, as a 
diseased or cast off tree, as it 
drops its branches. To rhyme, 
read Hwuy. The first sense, the 
Chinese express by Po pie 
broken and ruinedj or by 
Tsze hwuy, Self ruined. The Transi- 
tive or Active sense, they express by 
Hwuy chc @ ~y \o ruin it. Sun- 

hwae |H ' and Po hwae ^ 
express Injured, torn, rent, broken, 
spoiled in any way. The latter is 
the stronger expression. Ne puh ko 
sun hwae $ ^ Pj~ Jj| | 
you must not injure, or spoil it. 
Hew hwae fa a rotten tree ; a 
thing entirely spoiled. Tsuy hwae 
ftf" 1 * u P usn ' or persecute and 
destroy. Hwae jin sin 1 yv 'l_i^ 
to injure men's minds, as by vicious 

3pE 4233. Tranquil; peaceful. 

4234. [ - ] From to hide in 
S?tfs and heart. To cherish or 

^"^ . 

contain in the breast or 
mind, or mouth, or womb; to cherish 
kind regard to; the thought* which 
are cherished ; to revert, or return 
to. To surround ; to lay or store up ; 
to wound ; to hurt; private; selfish. 
The name of a district; a surname. 
Lwan wo sin hwae fli'l JT> (IY\ 

pyU JLArf 

to disturb my mind. Foo-moo che 
hwae ^ -f}|: ^ | Ihe tender 
concern of parentf. 

Hwae Uh j ^ to cherish thoughts 

of, and regard to, virtue. 
Hwae le J ^;jj to cherish thought* 

of gain. 

Hwae tae 1 fl^ to be pregnant 

* J^ 4235. A certain wood ; the 
TtVl*^ fruit of which is eaten, and 

\ "^ifv 

\/V*^. is considered very strength- 
ening: it yields fragrant ex- 

4236. [ - ] The same as the 
preceding; the tree is said 
to have a large black leaf. 

The name of an animal. A surname. 
Taou-hwae )k name of a 

Hwae-le I' 3? the name of a place. 

4237. [-] A famous river 
in the central part of China, 

and which empties itself into 
the sea, in N. L. 34" 30'. 
Hwae yuen -j|5 the source of the 
river Hwae. it is in the province 
of Honan. 

Hwae ho yfiT the Hwae river. 

Hwae ho kow j ; JpJ" H the mouth 

of the river Hwae. 
Hwae gan -Hr the name of an 

ancient principality. 



1 1 WAN 



Varied to Hin and Wan. Manuscript Dictionary, Huon and Hoan, Canton Dialect, ffan and ffoon. 



4238. Hwan, or Wan. 
Every thing round, or 
spherical and turning, is 
called Hwan. A bird's 
egg. A surname. Name 
of a hill. Tan hwan 
^ ] a bullet. Laouhwan^ 1 
akind of round cakcniade ofriceand 
flour. La hwan tUBf a pill in- 
closed in a shell of was to preserve 
it. Kaou tan wan san yy- N | 

^ bolus, pills, and powders. Tan 

and Wan, both express Pilk 
Hwan tsze | ~J" or Y3 hwan 
3 pill. 

4239. Hwan-lan 1 'M to 
weep and shed tears. 

4210. Yuen hwan R&J 
to turn or roll the eyes. 
One says, Large eyes. 

4241. A kind of plain white 
fine silk; it has a white 
snowy nap on it. 
Hwan koo 1 Wd warm breeches ; he 
who wears them, slid contemptu- 
ously of a rich bad man. 
Ilnan .slim ] J^A fine silk fun. 

P1RT II. II 4 

4242. A sore produced by 

4243. Hwan Ian ' ^ 
name of a plant mentioned 
in the She-king. A fragrant 


4244. A pill; the top of the 

4245. Hwan too 
name of a bird. 

424G. Hwan or Wan, En- 
,^___M tirely ; completed; finished; 

/ V.^ done ; well made ; strong. 
Read Wuh, The appearance of put- 
ting away the hair. Slrih wan leaou 
fo ~f done eating. 

Hwan tseucn j XS finished; com- 
pleted ; preserved entire. 

Hwan koo , ffl strong; firm, well- 

Hwan kce *i- settled, woinul up ; 

4217. . To strike; to rub; to 
cut ; to pare, as in working 

4248. To wash garments; to 
^^ cleanse; leisurely; slowly. 
Name of a river. 


* 4249. Luminous; bright. 
Name of a He'en district. 
Same as the following. 

^"zT 4250. A certain bright star; 
clear ; bright. 

/!- 4251. A cake made of meal. 
I^^F Also read Keuen. 

^ > 4S52. A plant or rush (if 

^_ _^ which mats may be made. 

J ^ A surname. Read Kwan, 

The name of an ancient district, 

the name of a valley. Tung-kwan 

ifa the district on the east of 

I . 

Macao. Kwan urh 1 few to laugh 

or smile. 

I 4253. A certain round in- 
rr ~ strument; having the cor- 
Ix' ^^ ners rounded o(T and made 
like a wheel. 

*-^> 4254. A bone of the kocf ; 
-I /I , the kneepan. 



4255. Large ; an easy slow 
deportment , variegated; 
coloured; bright; gay. 
A surname. 

42:,6. [\] To call; to call to; 
to call for; to bid or tell to 
do; to denominate; to name. 
Sliwny hwan ne tso Vjj | 'j/jt <j[l 
who told you to do it ? She hwan 
jl|i 1 to send and to call back; 
hence a domestic servant is called 
She hwan teih jin Inl J]M J\ 
a person who is always at one's call. 
Hwan choo j ^p called and stopped, 
liwan ta lae 1 ^JJJ ^R call him here. 
Hwan sing she jin S^ "JIT ^ 

to call to and awake the world to a 
due sense of moral propriety. 

1 >-y_ 4257. Pwan hwan f92 
MJI t- disobedient; uncomplying; 
\-^ ^- perverse, irregular, rebellious. 

4258. To remove from one 
place to another with the 
hand; to exchange. Pwan- 

hwan nft. a violent unruly ap- 


Hwan kuh 1 <S to change the' bones; 
a radical, a thorough change of con- 

Hwan kwo ^ to exchange one 

tiling for another. 

Ilai\ tseen j %;j. to cxclrangc silver 
for copper coin. 

4259. A river in Flonan 
Province. \anieofoneof 
tlic Kwa diagrams, denoting 

Scattered, spread out. 


liwan hwan 1 appearance of an 

extensive collection of water. 

Hwan Ian ' YJVJ elegantly dceo'rated 
with various colours. 

42GO. Hwan Ian Ail 

decorated with various co- 

42fil. The light of fire; 
clear, bright. 

4262. Disensed; leanness. 
Read Twan, in th Diction- 

4263. Name of a place. 

4264. Fat; fleshy. 

4265 Yuen. From ^ Peaou, 
Hand and nails. One -Mag 
fallen dott-n connected with ano- 
ther from a higher place, and 
from -p Yu, An endeavour 
to extend to. ^n effort to 
join or to raise up ; hence used 
tit a Connecting Particle, or a 
Particle to introduce a subject, 
also implying the connection 
of cause and effect. 

4S66. Hwan hoo [RL 

to call to Head Ho, Taoii 

n ut. 1 
ho [1m appcaranre of 

Shedding tears. 
Hwan gae j ^ grief , apprehension ; 


sorrow: in thjs sense it is also read 
lleuca and Yuen. 

4267. Hwan or Yuen. To 
draw up ; to pull or lead to 
a higher place; to assist; to 

rcsciie physically or morally ; to 
elevate the public manners. A 
certain sword or weapon. See Yuen. 
Used for 'H5 Hwan, in the phrase 
Pwan-hwan. See 4257. 
Hwan tae tsoo chow 1 ~^ ]J|j| 4jl- 
to rescue the Emperor's boat which 
was aground and attacked by an 

4268. Hwan, or Yuen, Water 
drawn out in a flowing stream, 
the appearance of water flow- 
ing along. 

j 4269. Large eyes which 
} roll about, or which 
draw the attention. 

n, or Heuen. 
Slow, leisurely ; gliding 
with luxurious ease; pros- 
perous circumstances; 
careless; remiss; dilatory; 
delay. To delay ; to put 
off till another time. Shoo hwau 
$'/' I oa \ v > expanded, loose ; not 
strict nor pressed; ease of mind. 
Yen hwan ffiE ' to put off; to 
procrastinate ; to delay. Che liwan 
-jPg j slow; dilatory ; lato. 
Hwan keTh h slow, precipitate, 
gliding smoothly; urgent; enjoying 
room ; hard pressed; prosperity; adver- 

A screen or curla'm. 

The name of a fish. 

%,-Jt. 4273. Read Hwan, Luxu- 
rious vegetation. Read 
Kwan, A small cup for drink- 
ijg wine with. A certain water bird. 
Name of a plant. 

Hwan, or Twan. To 
call to; to call out cla- 
morously: to clamour in 
Hwan hwan jen, pfih che ke so fei yay 

-|f/ the Tulgar professors of letters 
in this age, clamour and wrangle in 
disputation, ignorant of their errors 
and misconduct. 
Hwan heaou ] ^ to make a noise 

and clamour. 

| J--J- 4275. A feeling of salis- 
*r faction ; joy ; joyful. Read 
Kwan, denotes sorrow; 
grief felt without having any one 
to unbosom one's self. 

4276. From plants, mouths, 
birds, and aspirations; a 
jocund assemblage of brids. 
Joy; satisfaction; joy, displayed by 
tones and jestures ; delight. H6-hwan 
A- the name of a place under 

the Han dynasty. 

Hwan-hc 1 i'jl or He-hwan, com- 
mon expression denoting To be pleas- 

ed or satisfied with; to like; to be 


Hwan sin ^ J^k a joyful heart. 
Hwan pTh 1 tf\ a certain wine or 

liquor "that causes joy. 
Hwan yuc ] ^ "I high degree of 
Hwan-lS I |3 I pleasurable feel- 

iug, delight and satisfaction. 

4277. A wild boar or pig. 

4278. Short. 

4279. Clangor; clamour; 

"i"|3Cl vociferation; noise; to 

fjTfc rouse; to stimulate; joyful 

tidings; the -voice of joy. The name 

of an animal, of a hill, and of a 

country. A surname. Read Heuen, 

To alarm by clamorous nofye. To 

call to. 

t fc_ 4280 Name of an animal, 

IJP said to be like a horse with 
\&- one horn. Read Kwan.Vgly ; 

4281. A certain wild ani- 
mal, sometimes spoken of as 
like a swine, and at other 
times, said to resemble a dog. The 
male is-called Hwan ; the female jfe 
Lang. The wolf. 
Hwan-tsze pe \ ^ JJC " olf - ikin - 

428?. An ancient city in 
Shang-tung. Read KCUIMI, 
The name of a Till ige. 

. , I'jx !. Name of aliorv; 

frisking and placing 1'iiilnl 
othei- cliaractrrs forms 
several proper names of plates and 


428 1 Name of a. star 

4285. To turn ; li> i 
t<i go round , to run awaj ; 
to eicape from. 

_ ^ 4286. The name of a plant. 
The name of a bird. Read 
(liny, Exuberant growth 
of plants. 



4287. Hwan-peaou -Jfe 

certain wooden pillars erect- 
ed at halls of the deceased 
with inscriptions on them ; a title or 
term of honor applied to deceased 
statesmen. Name of a river, and of a 
wood. Pwan hwan M ^ progress- 
in- with difficulty ; a tuft of hair on 
the head is also so named. 
Hwan-kwei ] ^ certain stone 
sceptres carried in the hands by 
ancient statesmen. 

Hwan-hwan a martial ap- 

pcarauce. Also mournful; sorry. 

4288. To wash clothes. 
Ten days, or a decade, is 
called Hwan, from ill being 
a rule in the time of Tang, to grant 
absence from business to bathe and 
wash every tenth day. 
Hwau he ] ^ to wash clothes. 


'fi "1 4289 - Ktung. From F.yc, 

j|| > and mouth and a long 

^ J garment. To gaze ; to 

stnre ; to took alarmed or 

frightened; solitary; sor- 


4290. Expert ; clever ,- sharp ; 
swift; nimble. The name 
of a country. 

4291. [-] Hwan, or Yuen. 
Round, globular; complete, 
perfect. Read Hwan, To 
circulate; to surround ; to conglo- 
merate; to look round with appre- 
hension. Hwan yu yuen tung | 
-fit IM] fpl y llen ' s the same as 
Yuen, round; and Yuen teen te 
I ^C mt J ucn the form or body 
of the heavens. Teen hea hwan she 
urh ke J\ 

all under heaven will look round with 
alarm and rise up. 
Hwan kcaou mun j fc^ PH sur- 
rounded the bridge gate. 
Hw.m hwuy ] M the gate of a 

market pkce. 
Hw-an she I jjjjj to look round with 

Hwan too -y surrounding earth, 

a place of confinement. 
Hwaiiyng 1 KMpiiume of a Been 

9. [".] The same as Jx| 
Hwan. llwun-too tJf 

a wall before one's face; a 
surrounding or enclosing wall. 
Hwan to M-aoii jrn I ]% *t|'>. tyfc 
lare walls all around, astute of po- 


4293. [ - ] The district an- 
ciently included in the Im- 
perial domain; a wall that 

surrounds the palace. Name of a 
Hwanyu 1 np all the world. 

4294. [ ' ] To connect or 
join together, as the scales 
of armour; to tie; to bind; 

to pull or roll up the sleeves and 
drawers, so as to expose the arms 
and legs. 

4295. Name of a river ; 
water rushing together 
as in a current or eddy. 
Seuen hwan jffljp j water 
in rapid motion; boiling, 
bubbling up. 



4296. [ - ] A dog leaping 
k z^ and running. To run with 

haste; haste; speed; preci- 

4297. [ ',] A stone ring, 
worn as a female ornament. 
A ring; a circle; to encircle; 

to surround. A surname; a man's 
name. Name of an office, and of a 
Hwang chueu j WU to turn round. 

Hwan pei j ^jj^ certain jingling or- 
naments worn by brides. 
Hwan paou 'l .K^ to embrace. 

Hwan she I yjjt| to look round. 
I 'IIH^ 

Hwan woo twan j $jfe jjfj^ a ring has 
no beginning. 

429S. [-] A kind of cake or 


4299. [-] Cord or line; to 
m;ike cord, i expressed by 
TsS hwan. Silken 
cord; a variegated silken ornament 
for the tops of streamers. The rain- 
bow. Tow hwan yun ming ^* 
to hang one's self. 

4300. A certain sheep-like 
animal, said to have no 


[ ' ] To tear a human 
t-ltt being to pieces with carti; 


I^VNk to draw or quarter. 
Hwan yuen j JJW name of a place. 

^"^ HwanorHan - 
^ CpL To return to; to revert; to 
-^~ *^ mt ^ come back ; to, give or pay 

back. To look or pay regard to ; to 
turn round ; to encircle; forthwith, 
immediately; still; even till now. 
Ke she hwan *B J]5 ] when 
will he return ? Ta hwan -jr 
and Scaou hwan /K 1 refur to the 
sun's solstices. Ta hwan (or Han) 
tsae H^ [ ; he is still in C ,J 5 . 
tcnce, present, or here. She chay- 
yang hwan she na yang ^- ^ ^ 

~/E ^Jl^ KA ' S '' '" '''' S InaD " 
nor, or in that ? 

Hwan kwei che Ji ~V to cause 

j j^n* A 

to revert to. 

llwannhin ] j|[J3 to return thanks to 
the gods for mercies received. 

Hwan tsccn j 4 to repay money. 
Hwan yuen 1 fejl t p ay a vow, i. e. 


11 WAN 



to perform the benevolent or piou* 
act promised to the gods at a pre- 
vious time. 


4303. A ring for the finger, 
any ring or link. 

4301. [-] A wall surround- 
ing a market place. A mar- 
ket place. 

Hwmnhwae j |^ the gate of a mar- 
ket place. 

4305. [-] The hair put up 
on the top of the head, 
according to the ancient 
Chinese head-dress, by allusion The 
tops of mountains. 

^ /] 4306. FromTieachil- 

*J j dren turned upside 

^ down. Artifice; craft; 

fraud; slight of hand, 
a deception of the eye; 
demoniacal or magical 
arts ; visionary appear- 
ances; apparitions. 
Munghwa ^ j tne 
visions of a dream which vanish on 

Hwan ying j jp the shadow of a 
dream or vision. 

Hwan yaou J ^tricks; saLanic arts; 
magic ; witchcraft; and so on. 

-J 4307. The appearance of 
flying round in a cir- 
cular motion. llwan- 
mrth H certain 

water bird. 

4308. Name of a plant. 

4309. [/] One who 
serves another, par- 
ticularly a servant of 
the crown. A sur- 

/ ] name. Sze hwan ^ 

or Kwan hwan 'g* 
j a government officer. 

Hwan kwan 1 ^ y en hwan 'fa 
f j, 

J or Chung kwan m 'M^ an 

eunuch of the imperial palace. 
Hwan nang j J& a mandarin purse 
the money nude in office ; gene- 
rally implies bribery. 

4310. [ /] Vice, evil, fault, 
distress, calamity, failing, 
iV> A. misfortune; to be afflicted 
with; grieved for; grief. A sur- 
name. Wang-shTh che hwan, haou 
she jin tung ke . J* JpF 



she's failing and misfortune, was 
liking to make every body the tame 
at himself (in opinion). 
How hwan ^ j some subsequent 

ovil or calamity. 
Hwan nan chung MjT ill in the 

midst of difficulties and distress. 
Hwan ping | JjH to be afflicted wilh 


Hwan ping kin e tsuen yu 1 3jfi ^- 
p\^p ff the disease is now per- 
fectly curtd; or I am thoroughly 
recovered from it. 

Hohwan hoo/pf I =Ji what the evil 
of that? Hohwan jjj^ | judge- 
ment; calamity; evil; misery. 

Hwan nan tHh rfi| ^3 grieved 
that it was- so difficult to understand. 
431 1. Disordered; confused ; 
indistinct. Man hwan v 
if A* l confuted, indistinct, 


4312. f-] The inner or 
lower sides of the tilei of a 

4313. [/] To feed swine ; 

to offer a bait to. Name 

of an office. Hwan yang- 

;jg to nourish ; to 

feed ; to bring up. 



1 1 WAN 



Manuscript Dictionary, Hoen. 

4314. From the nm and 
low i or, just above the 
horizon. Dusk ; the twi- 
-, light, dull, obscure, indis- 

*^_ tinct. Under the Tang 
Dynasty altered to the 
following form. 

Hwin ehHh che ciiing 1 vgj ~s "$f 
confused, bad, vicious government. 

Hwin me 1 i*; stupid; sottish; 
dull of moral perception. 

Hwin pe ^ dull ; obscure, ap- 
plied to the mind. 

4315 - From Te, Low, 

and the Sun or tne "" 
just below the horiztn. 
__ The sun going down ; the 

twilight which sheds some 
lustre /or, or instead of, 
the sun; hence called ^ JJJJ Tae 
ming; A tubstitute brightness Dusk ; 
obscure; dull; confused; in dis- 
order ; to compel or oblige. 
From marriage presents being sent 
in the evening and the bride being 
taken to the house of her husband in 
the evening ffwan denotes Marriage; 
the bride is compared to the raoen, 
wlien the sun sets, the moon appears. 

A designation of a wife's father. Pre- 
mature death of an infant, before 
it is named. Chung hwin JJ3 
the connexion of two families in- 
creased by more than one intermar- 
Hwang hwan -gj" ] dutk. 

Hwin teen ^ sinking in the 

waters of the deluge. 

Hwin Iwan 1 sf in a state of dis- 
order and confusion. 

Hwin naou j Hg muddled braini. 

Hwin tow jjj a dull pate. 

Hwin yin THM marriage. 
Hwan yay /^ or Ting hwin *? 
[ settled night; night. 

4316. A bride's con- 
nexions are expressed by 
Hwan; a son-in-law's con- 
nexions are expressed 
by oW Yin. Mae hwin 
"p? to purchase a 

marriage alliance; to make large 
marriage settlements much the 
practice in Shan-tung province. 





marriage ; the 
forming of ma- 
triraonial con- 

Hwin yin tse'en sang choo ting 1 ijifij 

B'J fjc. ?J $E marria g e> a 'e fixed 
in a previous state of existence. 

4317. Read Hwin and Min, 
From mind and dtuk. In- 
tellectual dusk ; indistinct 
perceptions; confused 
ideas; cloudy recollec- 
tions; forgetfulaesj. 

4318. The name of a wood. 

4319. Unfixed; unsteady; 
unsettled appearance. Read 
[ ' ] Repeated Hwin-hwan, 
Muddy, foul water. 

4320. Read Hwan, or Mi D , 

4381. From head and 
muddy. Confusion in the 
head, attended with gid- 





4388. Dullness of physical 
or moral sight; ignorant. 

4323. To shut the gale in 
the evening. One who shuts 
the gate in the evening. One 
who performs the menial office of 
watching a door or gate; a porter; 
vulgarly called Chang mun kow ^jf 

J vR; * ne ^S ' na ' g uart l s the 
door. KowhwinrjFj j knocking- 
head to the gate, denotes visiting 
the imperial palace. Shin hwan JH? 
to open a gate in the morning 
and to shut it in the evening. 

HwSn-jin 1 ^"1 one who keeps 
Hwan-sze j -3pJ the door of the 
harem ; an eunuch. 

4324. Black; dark. 

4325. A man's name. Hwin- 
lun ^ the whole of, 
in a perturbed, confused 
manner. Both characters are com- 
monly written with waterby the side. 
ReadKw$n,An equal; to make the 
same as; a brother. See Kwan. 


4326 - Hwan t un j 

dU " ; stupidi 

Name of a person famous 

in history, who was particularly 
tupid. In TsS-chuett, written with 
, Water, by the side. 

*327. The same as ; to make 

lhe Iame a 5 to unite with; 
to root up. 

t| 4328. [ \ ] The name of a 
| wood; to bind wood toge- 
Y\+ ther in bundles; a club or 
slick. By the Canton people read 
Kwin, as Kwang-kwin TJT a 
hare stick ; a sharper. 
Hwin-ching 1 rf/ natural. 

HwJn pe'en | ffi^ to cheat ; to prac- 

tice fraud upon. 
Hwan too 1 <fS a sharper; a cheat. 

4329 From water and 
perturbed. A torrent of 
foul water; many polluted 
streams; mixed and running ; blend- 
ed with mud and dirt. Whatever is 
confused and in disorder ; dull and 
opaque. A man's name. Ta hwan 
if to confuse. 

Hwan chuh | \2j muddy ; polluted, 

Hwan chang j ||jj| confused non- 

sense applied chiefly to speech. 
Hwin lae j jjjj| to hope to carry 

some point by fraudulent obscurity. 

Hwan Iwan 1 ^[ disorder, confusion; 
I wju 

to confuse. 
Hwin raing | ^ a nickname. 

Hwan naou | ^|j confused clamour 
and uproar. 

H wan-tun | 

Hwan tsi J 

chaos ; chaotic. 

mixed, blended; 

the sexes not living apart. 
Hwln-hwin, tun-tun 1 j yjfc ^(| 
Hoo-hoo, hwan hwSn ^ |f||j | j 

all confusion and disorder. 

4330. Fire ; fiery. 

433). Hwin or Kwin, 
Large staring eyes. 

4332. A bundle of grusf, 
straw, or hay. To bundle 
up grass. 

4333. Hwan, or Kwan, A 
kind of riband or silke.i 
cord ; to bind with. 

4334. Speech that is obscure: 
unintelligible jargcn. 

! & 

4336. Read Hw5n, or Min. 
A certain leather belt 
pertaining to a carriage. 

4336. A certain kind of 
cake or bread. 

^ 4337. Ketm. A multitude of 
persons; an army head 

433 8. Hwan, or Htvuy. A 

woman's name. 


1 1 WAN 



4339. From many and taa- 
, tert. A torrent rolling 

g "" I clashing. The noise of water 
running as a torrent; water and 
mud; foul; polluted; confused 1 , 
foolish; all blended together, one mass, 
the whole of. Great, large. A surname. 
Hwin ehuy 1 1^5 water filling. 

Hwtn heaou Vfj muddy, confused, 
I rn 


li.iiukea I ^a whole fimily. 

Hwin teeu kew V -^ j ; P a celestial 

Hwan jen yih le %k Jjg 

all knowledge reduced to one prin- 
ciple in the mind, or a general 
acquaintance with all knowledge. 

Hwan shin 1 JJL> the whole body. 

Hwan teen 1 -fc the whole heavens. 

Hwin jcn 1 ffl or Pei hwan \\J\ 


one undistinguished mass, like tbfr 
foetus of a month's existence. 

4340. Hwan, Hwuy,or Heuen, 
Lij;lit ; splendour; glory; 
the halo about the sun, re- 
ferred to in divination. A kind of 

^4341 To bind ; a large bundle, 
a sheaf. Read Kwan, A 
collection of all kinds of 

4342. A silly, foolish appear- 

434S. Muddy water ; foul ; 
unclean, applied to animals, 
filthy; impure; a privy. 
Tun hwan >\fjh 1 confused, thick, 
obscure, a bad disorder. Hot and 
dull with vapours. 

Hwan chilli VIM impure, filthy, 


4344. Hwan, or Wan, Strong 
smelling vegetables ; animal 
food. See Heun. 

4345. [-] From a muTlitude 
and talk ; or the talk of an 
army. Jesting and buf- 
foonery; low mirth ; obscene jokes; 
k'ud scurility, or merriment. Yew- 
h"in jj|r J alewdbuffbon. 
Hwan e ' ^p books or papers con- 
taining obscene language, and lewd 

, 4346. A kind of yoke; carts 
turning round or avoiding 
each other. 

4347. [/] To walk; to go. 

4348. Name of a fish. 

4349. Hwan, or Wan, Tooth- 
less. Head Kwan, The 
teeth appearing ; to gnaw. 

4350 From A fiog in an 
enclosure, lying under a 
covert; a filthy place; a 
privy. Read Hwan, in the sense of 
^S Hwan, Dogs; swine,, and other 
animals which feed on grain. 

4351. From mind and filth. 
To disturb; to excite; 
trouble; disorder, grief, 
grieved ; to dishonor, or 
put to shame. 

4352. H-wln, Kwan, or Hwflb, 
To push with the hand. 

4353. From plant and dung ; 
Name of a plant; a kind of 

4354 From Jlesh and hag. 
gish. A fat appearance. 

Yun. Fogt or vf- 
pours on the topi oj hillt. 

4356. The mind vapourish ; 
grieved; sorry; melancholy. 

435T. Hwan, or Win, A 
winding current; an eddy. 
Water dashing and making 
a noise. 

4358. From spirit and 
vapour. The shade ; the 
manes; the spiritual part 
of the Yang Principle, 
when separated from the 
body. The ^ Pih, is 
said to be the spiritual part of the 
Yin principle. The PTb is first 
generated, and the HwSn, subse- 
quently. Often corresponds to the 
word ,oul. They say, the liver con- 
tains the Hwan. 

Hwin fei | ^ffifc the soul fled ; as when 

a person faints. 

Hwan-hwin * multitudinous. 

Hwan-ke woo pfih che | ^g ^flj 'Tt 

~jf the soul's essence goes every 

where, the soul is not coafincd to 

any place. 




Hwin pTh shin-ling che ming j $H 
jfjljl jjfy -%_ fa HwSn and PTh 
arc nntnes of the spirit and soul. 

Hw5n pfih si-ih 1 ~fc tyfa the oul 
is not extinguished. 

HwJn-foo ke che shin j [fjjj- jj^ ^ 

Ijffl the hwSn is the divine 'principle 
attached to the ethereal part of man. 

4S59. Dull; stupid. 

43(50. Grief of mind 


Manuscript Dictionary, Hoang. Canton Dialect, Jfong or Mang. 

4361. Man*. To become 
I / J a fugitive ; to lose or be 
lost. To die ; to perish. 

4362. A kind of curtain. 

4363. [ - ] A ccrtiin part 
/- 1 ofthethorax. Kaou-liwang 

| ^ jj* 1 are two vital parts 
near each other in the human frame. 
A person is said to be sick to the 
Kaou-hwang, denoting that he is 
dangerously ill. 

^ 4364. Waste; barren ; dull, 
obscure. Ta-hwang^fr" 1 
the year under certain 
circumstances. Read Mang, The 
seeds of grasses and of grain; thick; 
close; fatigued, and so on. 

[-] Mang-Iang j 
VK coar ' e > ""'de, unsettled 
as the waves; applied to 


people's dispositions and minds. 
Not capable of nice and just discri- 

4366. From To lose, and 
a stream of water. A 
wide expanse of water, 
on which the view is lost, 
or a stream that rolls 
away, and is lost. To 
go, to reach, or to extend 



4367. A cloth to conceal 
from the view ; a curtain 
or screen'; a partition; a 

4368. Dulncss of sight; 
obscure vision. Also read 

4369. A place to dwell 
in ; to dwell ; wide, ex- 
tensive; vacant space. 

4370. [-] Confused, 
forgetful, hurried, flut- 
tered, agitated j unset- 
tled stale of mind. 

Hwang-hwuh lw M?) 
I/}* tA& 

exceedingly minute and 
indistinct j vague ; inde- 
terminate ; uncertain ; the 
mind unsettled fluttered. 
Hwang mang 1 'h 
agitated, hurried, flut- 



11 WANG 



4371. Drought and heat. 

4372. A year of dearth; 
unripe fruit; empty; 

ijr 4373. Silk winding round 
and extending farther and 


* ^ 4374. Plants covering the 

\_P*- ground as a wilderness ; wild ; 

f 1 1 1 barren ; waste ; empty ; void ; 

to render null. Grain and fruits 

unripe; a dearth or famine. To 

cover over; to obscure. Name of a 

place; the year. A surname. 

Hwang fei JJ& to give up; to 

disregard any duty ; to fall into 

Hwang ke 1 j|j| to re J ect and dis- 

jHj to neglect, to 

leave uncultivated, to lay aside 

Hwang-tsung I *fi|u dissipated ; loose 
immoral conduct. 

Hwang-jen j Jg. extravagant feast- 
ing and entertainments. 

4375. Tang hwang 
the moon obscure. 

4376, [-] Speech ut- 
tered in a dream ; unreal, 
unsubstantial; lying; to 
tell lies. ShwS hwang 
| ^ to tell a lie; to 
say what is not true. 

Hwang mew j =J?2 incoherent ; irre- 
gular; untrue. 

Hwang shwS =j "1 lies and non- 

Hwang yen ~=?) sense. 

437T. A horse running 

4378. A title of dignity ap- 
lied to Heaven, or the 
Supreme Being; to 
sovereigns, to queens, 
to princes, to Buddha; 
to deceased parents. 
San hwang * 1 the three Em- 
perors, titles of Fun-he, and his two 
successors. The ancient Yaou and 
Shun, were entitled '5? Te, and un- 
der the Hea and Chow Dynasties, 
the sovereigns were calle d Ip Wang. 

Tsin, who first conquered the whole 
of China, assumed i|| Hwang, im- 
plying that he had reduced all to hii 
sway, and the title has continued 
ever since. Yu hwang TjA ) how 
Imperial ! Yuh hwang jfflj the 

appearance of going backwards and 

Hwang fe t|n an imperial con- 


Hwang how Jp an empress. 

Hwang keth Jj^ or Hwang keth 
king she shoo ] || jjjg -j^ ^ 
a famous philosophical book, in which 
it is attempted to deduce the system 
of the universe from numbers. 

Hwang shang J^l a supreme po- 

Hwang te SSj tentate ; aa 

Emperor who rules over kings and 
princes ; sometimes used as denoting 
that the sovereign of China rules by 
right overall the kings and Emperors 
on earth. 

Hwangshangte 1 J^ *ffirl heaven, 

Hwang teen j ^ J the su- 
preme potentate. 

Hwang te | ^[g the Imperial earth ; 
the earth ; the second great power in 

Hwan teen J ^heaven; in allusion 
to its greatness and the belief of itj 
being the source of all things 

Hwang kaou ^ ^ title on the tomb 
of a deceased father. 

Hwang pe ] $ title of a deceased 

4379. [ - | Fang hwang ttj 

] or Hwuy hwang ^l{j] 1 
appearance of hesitation aud 





uncertainty) going backwards and 
forwards, in doubt how to proceed 
or act. 

4380. Fung hwarg Jp[ 
a p:iir of birds, ap- 
parently quite imaginary, 
the latter is the female. 
They are, vhen they ap- 
pear, ominous of pence 
and happiness. The female is said to 
have the head of a fowl, the neck of 
a serpent, the chin of a swallow, 
the back of a tortoise, and the tail of 
a fish. It is particoloured, and six 
cubits high. These birds come from 
Tanheueshan j^J-^ |lf Tan-heue 
hill. Occurs written ^ Hwang. 

4381. Sound; noise; the 
noise of little children weep- 
ing. In this sense it is re- 
peated Hwang hwang, Harmony pro- 
duced by metal instruments and 
drums. Clamour, angry noise. 

Hwang kea ^- (IM the sound of many 
person's voices ; clamour. 

4382. Tang-hwang, hS teen 

Tang hwan denotes, An unit - 
ed palace; two joined in one. The 
ditch or moat nithoutside a city 
wall, without water in it, is also 
called Hwang. A house or apartment 
beyond the surrounding four walls. 
The open space before a house or 
grave. Tsang yu teen hwang ^b 

~M 8$ I or 1C m ' erret ' ln the 
open space before the tomb. Ching 
fuh yu hwans ifil/ tf*A "F* 1 lnc 

/fa \"jt- J 

city wall fell in ruins into the dilcb. 

4383. [ -] Hwang, or Neu. 

hnang ~y' j a concilium 1 , 

concubine of the ancient 
king Yaou. 

v^ 4434. f - ] Fear, apprehen- 
/rtlf sion. Hwang yaou 
i ! ^ fear and disturbance ap- 
plied to the people being alarmed and 

Hwang hwang ^ | 1 a perturbed, 
Hwang kung j J^J fearful, ap- 
prehensive state of mind. 

4385. Name of a river; name 
of a district. The name of 
a god. Cold water. Keue- 
hwang >raj waves driven with 
velocity. Yih hwang ytt 
appearance of rubbing against each 

4386. [-] A strong fire; a 
great blaze; light; luminous, 
splendid. Hwuy hwang 

l 1 shedding a great light. 
Hwang hwang j ] denotes the same 
in a high degree. 

4387. Disease. 


4388. [-] Name of a bam- 
boo ; a bamboo plantation ; 

, a house of bamboo. 

4389. Rice used in sacrifice. 

4290. A certain kind of boat 
or vessel. 

_4391. [-] The locust, also 
cjlled | ijjfj Hwang t,J, 
and I yVjj Hwang cluing, 
nad ',|. II in hwang, and &Z 

Chung. Vulgarly called jffc $|j p o - 
chung, The winnowing machine. 

4392. [-] Unoccupied ; at 
leisure. Pressed, urged. Pdh 
hwang /t^ 1 engaged, not 

having time to spare. PBh hwang 
heashTh^ j f|^ -^ not having 
time to eat; no time to take, one's 

4393. Name of an ancient 

4394. [-] The sound of 
bells and drums. A military 
Hwang hwang j the sound of 


4395. [-] Empty, as a city 
ditch without water; the 
ditch or moat around a city 


__ f, 

i i m ~itm 

4396. The sound of musical 
instruments; the ringing 
of bells; the clangor of bra- 
zen cymbals. 

439T. Dried provisions, or a 
kind of bread. Changhwaog 
I certain dried cakei 
forming a kind of bait. 

4398. [ -] Thecolourofthe 
earth; yellow; the name of 
a hill.of an ancient country, 
and of a district, name of an office. 
Forms a part of various proper names. 





Hwang fi 1 M& an old man. 

Lew hwang ^ | gay variegated 
silks, a certain vessel. Ta hwang ^ 
j a large cross bow; also rheubarb. 

Hwang ho | ^pf the Yellow River. 

Hwang keang ' ^^ turmeric roots. 

Hwang kwa 1 ^ cucumber. 

Hwang kow 1 pj a little child. 

Hwang keang m ] | ^curry- 

Hwang mBh 1 EJ a wine cup. 

Hwang new j it- a cow. 

Hwang poo ' Wj (Whampoa) place 
where European ships moor near 
Canton in China. 

.Hwang ling kee pan ] $$~fa$L 
yellow covered boards in which Im- 
perial documents are forwarded by 

Hwang paou kea shin j ^) ftl J^ 
the Imperial robe put on the person 
of the Sovereign. 

Hwang taou j Jg the ecliptic. 

Hwang tse j |jp a mess of herbs ; the 
food of the poor. 

Hwang yu 1 W a certain large fish 
caught in the Yang-tsze-keang, and 
which is variously described. The 
largest are said to be twenty or thirty 
cubits long, and to weigh a thousand 
catties, or Chinese pounds ; in some 
respects it resembles the sturgeon. 

It is said Woo lin 4ffi M not to 

>m ii>c r 

have t to have on its bark and 
belly (according to other accounts) 
ffl Kc, which is a kind of scale, and 
is used to define the preceding word 

_|1 4399. [ - ] A lake formed by 
an accumulation of water. 
Name of a river and of a star. 

4400. A particular species of 

4401. [-] A certain stone 
sceptre ; called a half-sceptre. 

4402. [ -] The yellow jaun- 

4403. [ - ] A certain musical 
reed made in ancient limes. 

Hwang koo 1 17* to deceive people 
by fair speeches. 

4401. Cord or string. 

4405. A certain insect with 

scales. Ma hwans 

B iif>t I 

a leech. 

j |_ 4406. Appearing to exert 
strength. Read Kwang, To 
walk ; to go. Kwang-hwang 
I a martial appearance. 

4407. Name of an ancient 

4408. The yolk of an egg. 

4409. A horse of a co- 
lour that looks like a 
mixture of yellow and 

4410. Nameofafiih. 

Kwang. front fire 
placed on man. Light, iplen- 

*4I8. [1 ] Seen indistinctly ; 
perturbed jrague; fluttered. 
Read Kwang, Martial. 

4413. The appearance of 
a deep expanse o 
water. Read Kwang, 
1 ] *he name of a river ; 
bright; luminous; mar- 

4414. [ * ] Sim and light. 
Clear, bright; shining. 

4415. [<] A kind of curtain 
to screen off the light; an an- 
cient ornament on the head. 

4416. A table or couch 
for reading at. A window 
illumined by white tilk. 





4417. A blaze of light; 
effulgence. Tsze-hwuy sanc- 
tions this reading. Kang- 
he, reads it Nee". 

4418. [V ] A largo eyej 
a sharp vi\id eye. 

4419. Name of a plaint, 

4420. The sound of a bell. 

4421. A rapour or fume 
passing from fire. A 
man's name. 

4422. [ ' ] From Urb, Two, 
and Heung, An elder bfo- 
ther. More j furlher. 
Hwang tseay | _g[ 
still more; still further. 
Ho hwang ipt how. 
much more 1 


Manuscript Dictionary, Bang and Hiing; Canton Dialect, fflng. 

4483. KwSng. The upper 
part of the arm ; me- 
taphorically A support to 
a sovereign. 

4424. Tsang hwSng 
noise made by a bell. 

4425 Hwing, or HSg, 
The twang of a bow; a 
curtain or screen drawing 
up. Pang hwing AJjjj 
the ooiie of curtains beiiig 
drawn suddenly up, or 
dished backwards and 
forwards by the wind. 

4126. HwSngor Hung, The 
resounding of a voice or 
echo in a spacious. deep a- 
parlmeul or suit of rooms. Wide j ex- 
tensive ; lar;e; vast A ceitain officer. 
. L 4 

4427. HwSng or KwSng, To 
extend ; to measure. 

41'" 8. The name of an 

4429. Hwang or Hung, 
A kind of knot; strings that 
tie on a cap and hajig below 
the chin as an ornament. Strings 
that fasten certain sonorous stones. 
4430. Hung or. Hwang. 
The gate of a lane or strcel, 
a gate-way. Hwiiig-hwing 

I extensive fine appearance. 
See Hurg. 

1431. A kind of strap to 
lean on, or hold by, in 
Iho front pirtofacar- 

i.ige. SeeUjiig- 

4432. Deep smbre recess; 
the echo of a large man- 
sion. Read [ / J the 
appearance of a small 
stream. Rest; repose. 

4433. The rattling, rumbling, 
i.oise of carriages or of thun- 
der. Hiving hing te'en-hea 

| \ J -/r IN to ramb'e, or rake 
through the world; to go every 
where in a disorderly manner : or 
in a good sense, boldly. See Hung. 

l|- 4434. Hung, liar.g, or Hw$i g, 
Trai.sverse; cro.ssv* ise; per- 
verse. See Hung. 

4435. Hwing or Yung, 
TsSng-hwaog $jt j the 
appearance of aspiring 
ti ps of mountains jboot- 
ir.g up to the beaven*. 






Confounded with Iltra and Ilwith Manuscript Dictionary, Hud or Ho. Canton Dialect, Foot or 

4436. She. The tongue ; that 
K-liich in the mouth articulates 
sounds, and essays tastes. 

4437. To unite all the parts ; 
to take the whole number; 
to include the whole. Hwfih 
hwnh 1 1 appearance of strength. 
Also read, Kuh and HwHh. 

4438. HwS or Hwfib, Ice. 

4439. The tongue and water, 
two things which are never 
at rest. Living; lively; 

moving; chearful; to vivify. The 
name of a river. Sang hwS p 
living. Yth-hwS vfj ^ a purling, 
bubbling, rapid stream ; water flowing 
with noise. 

HwS been as manifest and 
I v-'ij 

apparent as if alive; applied to 
secret plans which are discovered. 

HwS ke '[ 3r plans that ever change 

according to circumstances. 
HwS she ] "{tr to give life to the 

worl I; sa ; d of Medical men. 
HwS shwdy 7J^ living water; 

spring water. 
HwS tsze 1 z!a living character; 

a ve:b. 

HwS tszc yen 'j f?! JJ|| a living 
character's eye; a particle which 
varies much in its meaning, accord- 
ing to its place in a sentence. 

\ 4440. Grain growing. 

4441. A boat progressing. 

4442. HwSorKwS. Name 
of an insect. 

4443. A kind of sweet liquor. 

4444. A tmall short face. 

4445. HwO or KwS, A little 
head ; a short face. 

4446. Used for the two 
following, also the noise of 
something renting or split- 


4447. Originally read YTb. 
From a mouth, a javelin, 
and one place. A country 
or place which is defend- 
ed; a place respecting 
which there is doubt of 
safety; hence its common use as 
a Particle, implying Uncertain; per- 
haps; a certain person; one not 
known; this or that; either; or. 
Occurs used for WC HwS, To excite 
doubt in another's mind ; to delude. 
HwS chay I tt expresses Doubt, 

uncertainty, perhaps, probably. 
HwS jen, hwS puh jen 1 $fe \ ~7~ 

3PC it may be so ; or may not. 
HivSjin /V a certain person. 
HwS she chay yang; hwS she na yang 

perhaps it is this way ; perhaps it it 
that way ; it is either this w:iy or 
that way. 

HwS yin tslh shen Kj ^v ^C 

perhaps on account of reproof. 
HwS jug 1 3 one says. 

Read HwS or Hth, 
Sound; voice. Appearance 
of loud lunching. Also 

read KwQh, Heuc, and Yub, in the 

tame sense. 

11 WO 

4449. Blown on by the 

% 4450. To excite doubt in 


\^ ],i another person's mind; to 

\^^ unsettle the mind; to cause 
disorder; to blind the understanding. 
To delude, as impostors do, whatever 
their pretensions refer to, whether 
regarding politics, the cnre of dis- 
eases, the telling of fortunes, or, 
what are considered by the Chinese 
government, false religions. E hw8 
)g& 1 to have suspicions of; to 

be in doubt about. Yung hwS $& 

the name of a star. Yaou hw8 

^ j unsettled; perturbed state 

of mind. Koo hw8 g 1 to de- 
jijt. I 

lude; to deceive by false pretensions. 
Hw8 ihe woo min W- H2K EEL 

to delude the world and impose upon 

the people. 
Hw che shin jay ] ; ^ fa 

high degree of delusion. 

4451. A creature said to 
inhabit the sea shore, and 
when seeing the shadow 
of a man falling on the 
water, to spurt sand a- 
gainst him, which occa- 
sions his death; other- 
wise called a short fox, 
and an archer. It is used 
metaphorically for those who injure 
others in an underhand manner ; 


it is spoken of as a kind of devil. 
The name of a hill. 

4452. The eyes appearing 

4453. The sound of the 
wind blowing adversely, as 
into the mouth of a cavern. 

4454. The name of a bird. 

4455. HS or Hwtf, Why ? why 
not ? wherefore ? Read Hue, 
To injure. 

4456. Alacrity, swift. 

4457. The name of a plant; 
to measure. 

4458. HwS,H8,orHwi, To 
split or rend asunder. To 
cut or reap grain. 

4459. A term used in Shan- 
tung for Handsome; grace- 
ful, applied to women. 
Read Hoc, Tofeelafiec- 
tion or regret for. 

4460. To seize ; to grasp ; 
to lay hold of with the hand ; 
?^^ to apprehend. Read Hoo, 
To separate; to divide. 



4461. Appearance of a Ion; 
wide unoccupied space. 

4463. Agitation of mind; 
fear ; alarm. 

4463. A certain wood fit to 
make cups and platters of. 

4464. Raining; flowing down 
in torrents; water toiling, 

^^^_ rushing, and clashing as it 
rolls along. A profound, spacioii- 
mansion. Name of a river, and of a 
bird ; also confounded with some 
other proper names. 

4465. Hot. 

,4466. To catch, as in hunting, 
to catch or take a thief. To 
obtain ; to receive. The 
name of an animal; name of a door 
and of a district. Read Hwa, To 
strive to obtain, to contest or strug- 
gle for. 


HwS gin W to receive favor. 

Hw8 kew j ;j<^ to obtain deliverance; 

to be saved from. 
HwS ts ing ^ |||f to find a hoard of 

stolen goods. 
HwOtsih j H^ to catch a thief. 

4467. To measure; a mark- 
ing line ; to adjust as with 
a marking line. The 
second Character it read 
Ys, in the same tense. 



1 1 WO 


4468. llco hwS 
something in the throat 

4469. To. reap grain ; to 
cut down the grain and 
gather in the harvest. 
Read lion, forms in coin- 
position, the name of a 
place. Yun hwS UH 
appearing urged, pressed jcmbarrass- 
ed, irresolute, giving up effort, or 
sinking under difficulties. 

4470. HwSor ChTh-hwS/^ 
a worm; also, a worm 
peculiarto the mulberry tree. 
Read YS, To appear to advance and 
stop, as a worm does when progress- 
ing. WanhwSyJl | dull, dull- 
ness; stupidity. 

k 'V\fc 
J* ^"j-fc. 

4471. Noise mad by bones. 
striking against each other. 
Fine flesh, 

I 4472. An iron vessel without 
feet for boiling flesh. and fish 
in ; a boiler. 

447S. Read Hw, Yih, a.,il 
fih. Silk to attach a sword 
to the girdle i a pi.-ce of 
leather in the handle of a sword. To 

4474. Yih hw M ' a 
heavy rain. 

4475. HwS, or KwS. A 
bowstring drawn with preci- 

| d, false 
A man's 

% gg 4476 ' Irre S ular ' 
or foolish talk. 


4477. HwS, or HwJ, To draw 
a line ; to paint or sketch. 
See HwS. 

4478. HwS, or HwTh. The 
noise made by rending silk. 

4479. HwS, Hih, or HwTh. 
HwTh tsTh j p^ to call 
out, the sound of words, or 

4130. Hw3, or Hwih. Un- 
intelligent; dull; stupid; 

4481. HwS, or HwTh. A 
disease oftheeyei. 

4489. Within the bending 
of the knee ; the ham. 

4483. A valley; a wide 
open space; enlarged; 
liberal. To open ; to ex- 
pand ; in a liberal or 
generous manner. 

Hw3 jen &7C open; enlarged, 

liberal appearance. 

HwS sin yen ?jfa l[^ fj^ to expand 
t e mind by travelling and seeing 
the world. 

HwS meen 1 R& to remit liberally. 


' ~ 

4484. HwS or Bfih, Fine 
silk til reads, fine liht gauze. 
Also a species of crape. 






Maunscript Dictionary, Hang and ffung. Canton Dialect, 

4485. W- tth. A standard hoisted 
for people to repair to, made 
to represent the waving pieces 
ef silk. A prohibitive parti- 

4486. A thing being whole, 
complete or round, is called 
HwSn lun 1 [j|jj The 
same as ml ? HwMh lun, Any 
thing completeor whole; undivided. 

Hwiih Inn tun tsaou [j)|j ;2fL jS 

to swallow down a date entire. 

ti_ ~t -^4487. The heart or mind 
-^^f light and inconstant as a 

waving streamer. To 
forget; to make light of; 
to disregard ; to contemn ; 
to do carelessly. Sudden ; 
abrupt; suddenly; unexpectedly; 
terminated ; speedily disappearing 
or annihilated. A surname. A small 
weight or measure 

Hwuh hwub I I careless; remiss; 
forgetful ; to let pass without thought. 
Hwiih yew Jin lae ] ^ A ^ 

a man suddenly came. 
Hwuh Ie5 Jflf.1 * despise; lo 
KinghwSjto J make little or 
light of. 



HwHh Jen 15 yu J fife y^ [jpj it sud- 
denly came on lo rain. 

4488. Grieved, mournful. 
Same as QUi Hwuh. 

4489. A name of Buddha, 

4490. Imperceptibly minute 
ai) d abstruse, so as to leave 
the mind in doubt; hesita- 
tion and uncertainty. 

Hwah hwang | ij^l These are all 
Hwuh hwang ^7 At? | usc d to ex- 

P 1 * I/U y 

Hwang hwuh i^ f press a state 
Hwang htt-dh $ &} of uncer- 

(/IL 'lit J 

tainty and perturbation of mind, 
from the eye or the mind being- un- 
able to distinguish objects with pre- 
cision ; either from the minuteness 
and indistinctness of the objects 
themselves, or from the dazzling 
glare of light thrown upon them, 
which rather confounds than illu- 
mines. A perturbed fluttered slate 
of mind. 

4491. Hwuh, or Kwuli, To 
strike; to push; to da>h 
aside; lo brush away dust. 

4492. Not yet quite light; 
the dawn of day. HwHh 
bin 1 H/f the obscure 
dawn ; the morning time 
when it is not yet fully 

4493. HwBh, or Woh. 
The sound of water bub- 
) bling forth; water run- 
ning with an interrupted 

4494. To strike, to knock. 

4495. An ancient vessel or 

\ 4496. Read Hwuli, Wuh, 
Mei, or Mae. Obscure 
vision ; dimness of sight 
from looking long, and 
to a great distance; the 
obscure light of the dawn 





of day ; obscure!) seen , as a streamer 
at a distance. Distorted gazr. 
Hwflh yen ' Bf| to look long; the 

I H>^ 

eyes which have looked long. 

4497. Read Hwuh orHwuh. 
A piece of deal > Battened 
reed, ivory, or stone, in an- 
cient times held in the hand by 
statesmen when in the presence of 
the Emperor. Originally designed 
to write memoranda on, afterward* 
used as an ornament, and made of 
different materials according to the 
person's rank. 

L k_ 4 * 98 A melon-like fruit, 
which grows under ground. 
Used to denote what is done 

carelessly. Chi hwdh ^ \ 

fine and close. 

4499. Read HwBh, orWuh, 
Remote j distant ; vague. 

4500. Thunder. An unusual 

4501. A kind of flour cake. 

4502. A bird of the eagle 
or hawk species, a small 
species of hawk, employ- 
ed as a favorite amuse- 
ment of Tartar boys. 
Read KwHb, A bird of 
the pigeon species. Name of an of- 
fice, and of a particular kind of boat. 

450S. A water bird resem- 
bling a wild goose; a large 
wild goose, called Hwuh 
from its cry. Read Kwtih, A 
small bird. A surname. Read 
Kaou.Tlie name of a place. 
Hwiih fa 1 jj?L grey hairs. 
HwBh leih 1 "[/' to stand alone and 

Hwuh tsang j "jjf the name of a dog. 

4504. A measure containing 
ten .si" Tow. A square 
measure with four corners ; 
to measure. A surname. 

4505. Read Hwdh, Huh, or 
Ii,i, A horn cup; a quiver 
fur arrows. Used for the 
preceding. See 115 

4506. Jih chub we shin 
ming yay yug hwfih Q 

the sun going forth, not yet shining 
clearly, is called Hwuh. 

4507. Read Hwuh, Huh, or 
He8. White and glossy 
feathers, pure white. See 


4508. Read Hwuh, Huh, or 
HeS, The young of an ani- 
mal said to be of the tiger 

ipecies. Read HO, The grunt or cry 
of a pig. 

4509. Read HwBh, Hlh, or 
Hwa. Hwuhbwflh | 

a boasting self-glorying 
manner, of acting or speaking. 
-ft ^ff I Tsze she maou hwuh, 
Self complacency. One authority 
says, The appearance of rapid enun- 






Miunscript Dictionary Hoei. Canton Dialect, Wooy. 

I ffwuy. Anciently denoted 
Round; to surround; and 
a nation encloted. An en- 

4510. Pae hwuy ^ 

a state of indetermination ; 
irrecolution. To hover 
about as a bird going and coining. 
Pae hwuy wang lae ffi } Q ^ 
going backwards and forwards in a 
state of indetermination ; more com- 
monly written St ^Rjl Pae hwuy. 
Hwuy hwuy 1 1 a stupid dull state 
of mind. 

4511. Designed to repre- 
sent something revolv- 
ing within a circle. To 
revolve ; to turn round -, 
I V"> ) t return. Curved; de- 
9 fleeted ; reverting to ; 

, bent down or oppressed ; 

luT I to turn aside and avoid. 

~*9 -J A surname; the name of 
a city ; and repeated, fpj pil| Hwuy 
hwuy, The religion of the Mohamo- 
dans. The section of a book. A 
time or turn. fill} Chuen 
hwuy, or reversed, Hwuy chuen, 
To turn the head. 
Hwuy tow she gan ] 0$ j^ j^ 

turn the head and you'll find the 
shore, said to the vicious advising 

Hwuy seang j jj^ to reflect on the 
past ; to recollect. 

Hwuy e ,ll\ to change one's 

Hwuy sin | /Q\J purpose, or in- 
tention of the mind. 

Hwuy teen e, tsinjinleTh 1 3r ^ 
jjgc ^ ~}~] te endeavour to turn 
the will of heaven (give it a favor- 
able aspect) and use the utmost hu- 
man effort. 

Hwuy teen ^C * cnan g e * ne pur- 
poses of Heaven, as he who is child- 
less by virtuous acts obtains a son. 


to return a visit 

__ 4512. [ -] From To turn 
^^1^1 round and to pace. Pacing 
backwards and forwards in 
a slate of hesitancy. 
Pae hwuy OTfc 1 walking backwards 
and forwards ; irresolute; undeter- 
mined ; not progressing. These two 
words are written very variously. 

4513. The heart turning 
rtl round and round ; irreso- 
lute; undetermined; con- 
fused; in disorder; the ^chrcter of 

an inferior man. Denotes the samf 
when reiterated. 


4514. [-] Water turning 
round; running back again 
and forming an eddy. The 
name of a lake. 
Hwiiy choo ] yj to flow round 

4515. [ - ] From disease 
or insect, and to turn 
round. A hug worm 
in the abdomen; a kind 
of tape worm. 

4516. To slop the market , 
to give up trade. Some- 
times had recourse to by 
the Chinese people, to 
bring the goTernment to 
term*. One says, To 
determine on repentance. 





4517. [.] Name of fragrant 
plants; a mediciual herb. 

4518. To curve; to 
bend ; to turn ; to turn 
round. Hwuy hwS 
f>X indecision; irresolu- 
tion: the mind turiiin" 1 


from purpose to purpose, 
entirely unsettled. 

4519. A bird a cubit long, 
an ^ T riegated with every 

01 4520. A I ill without trees 
or verdure. 

4581. A stony or rocky ap- 

4522. Appearance of the col- 
lar or selvage of a garment. 

45 88. [ - ] From fire and 
hand. Fire that may be ta- 
ken hold of with the hand; 
i.e. the remains of fire, Ashes; cin- 
ders. Kea hwuy jVV | a cer- 
tain powder blown through a reed 
in the close of the year. Tsze jen 

hw "- y 1=1 $& ' natural ashes 
a certain stone powder used in mak- 
ing glass. Ho hwuy ik 

common wood ashes. Shin hwuy 
/^ j burnt lime. 
Hwuy chin I ||| dust. 

Hlh hwuy |E | \ seems a bitumi- 
Ke hwuy ffi ] J nous matter 
found in a lake in the time of Han. 
Hwuy shoo j H^ the squirrel. 

'J^jf to burn to ashes j 

ashes j embers. 

Hwuy tsin nan meS j $ || fyfc 
embers, which it is difficult to extin- 

4524. Sound ; noise. 

4525. [ - ] To work or bur- 
row with its nose in the 
ground. To strike; to 
strike against each other ; 
to grunt. A nose. A 
person's name. 


4526. [ - ] A certain long 
sn;ike or serpent ; a grunting 

noise like swine striving 
against each other in eating. A sur- 

Hwuy tuy I [m- the disease of a 

4527. The silk worm in its 
second stage; called also 
31$ Yun - Used also for 

the preceding. 

4528. To mix water with 
flour ; to kr.ead. 

4529. The name of a plant. 

4530. A large head 

4531. A lightish black colour. 

4532. A general term for 
plants, herbs and trees. 
The second character 
is used for thirty. Hwa 
/ ] hwuy ffi j flowers 
or plants. Shan yew 
kea hwuy Ml & *s[ 1 there are 
excellent plants on the hills. 

4533. Water flowing; the 
ripple or foam on the sur- 
face of water. 

4534. Constant ; everyone; 
each ; very desirious of; ar- 

''] 4535. From ^/vfcrtt and 
Mind. To be i nd ignan t j 
to regret ; to be vexed 
with one's self. To repent, 
repentance. Read [ \ ] 
name of one of the Kwa. 
Chuy hwuy woo keth >6 ] ;JB 7J 
to find no room for repentance to 
find it unattainable. Tung hwtij 
v|f) I P a ' n f u ' deep repentance. 
IhvuyhSnche ] >jf j repentance 

loo late. 

IhvuyhSn | /J|| regret; indignation 
and repentanee. 

\_ >_ 



Hwuy kae 1 {Jj or Kae.hwuy, To 

repent and reform. 
Hwuy lin I 2gC the consciousness of 

crime and sorrow without altering 

for the better. 
Hwuy tsuy tsze sin 1 SE |qj Sfr 

I 7f t--9 ij\ 

to repent and renew one's self. 
Hwuy tsuy I :ifc to be sorry for and 
repent of a crime. 

4536. [ ' ] The last quarter 
of the moon ; the close of 
moon light. Foggy ; dull ; 
dim; obscure ; evening; night; dark. 
She hwuy (tt j dark unprosper- 
ous times. 

Hwuy ming f |JH dimness and splen- 
dour ; evening and morning. 

1537. [ / ] To speak to 
conttantly ; to reiterate as 
chasing away what is ob- 
scure. To instruct; to teach; to 
admonish ; instruction ; to induce; 
to afford an inducement to. Man- 
tsang hwuy taou ; yay yung hwuyjin 

the accumulation of a hoard is an 
inducement to robbery; soft melting 
looks invite to lewdness. Tingming 
hwuy e pfj" p$ j ^ instruction 
delivered with repeated charges. 
?he hwuy Hi 1 to instruct always. 
Jth hwuy Q I to instruct daily. 
Hwuy yen chungffih ' "=j Ipl 
Hwuy urh shun shun ] ra|| TTS 
to repeat instruction ; to teach by 
saying the same thing over and over 
Hwuyjin pfih kcuen yay A A-\ 

rfr' "til to ' ustruct or tfeach with 
unwearried assiduity. 





fat, plump, jolly 

/] 4539. FromWchucn, 


To turn to one point, 
and heart. The heart 
directed to deeds of 
benevelence ; gracious; 
kind ;liberal;according 
with ; accommodating ; 
to bestow largesses; to 
shew tenderness to the 
people ; to adorn or or- 
nament. A three cor- 
nered javelin; a district ; 

a surname. Successful. Occurs used 

for pit Hwuy. 
Hwuy min yS keuh P $j& 'l-ij 

a kind of charitable dispensary for 

supplying medicine to the poor. 

Established by the Tartar Dynasty 

Yuen, does not now exist. 
Hwuy-fBh foo-jin jjjS -dp 

the patroness of barren women. 
Hwuy teih kee 1 J& lIs he who 

1 ^^ ' * 

accords with the principles of right 
reason, will be happy. 
GSn hwuy ( ^ | the exercise of fa- 
vour and benevolence, or the kind- 
ness performed. 

4510. The common form of 
the preceding. 

45 "' 


4542. To examine into. 

4543. Hwuy or TIIT, To 
tear or rend opeo. 

4544. f / ] Hwuy koo | 
U!j( an ' ns( *< ; t which docs 
not live the year round, 
those born in spring, die in summrr ; 
those brought forth in summer, di^ 
in autumn. Name of tome verse* 
written by Confucini. 

4545. The ends of fea- 
' thers, the tips of-wings. 

4546. [ ' ] A certain fra- 
grant plant, which grows in 
/lamp marshy places. 

4547. [ / ] To examine ; 
to investigate. Ingeni- 
ous, clever, skilful; fall 
of schemes; knowing; 
successful; prosperous. 

4548. Read HwSy or He. A 
string for drawing together 
i the mouth of abagorpurse; 
a kind of bag to contain the head of 
those to be decapitated. 



4549. The end" of an axle- 

4550. A multitude; an army. 

4551. Awoman's name. 

4552. [ - ] Impetuous ef- 
fort; .to shake ; to agi- 
tate; to sliukc the wine 
out of acup : to sprinkle ; 
to scatter. To take and 
move with tlie hand or 
fingers, as In writing with a pencil j 
!o move wilh the hand briskly i to 
point out or direct. Read Hwan, 
'fiijt Hwan Inn, The whole; entire ; 
unbroken. Che hwuy Jn* J to 
point out with the hand. 
Ilivuy chiui 1 3^ the approaching 
spring, written and pasted on doors 
at the close of the year. 
}|HV ke wvih 1 -ife" 'Ml] to throw 

I .>TV J '' 

away any tliuig 1 . 

Hw.iy san -|H/' lo scatter, to dis- 

Hnuy pt-ili ' 3J.~\ to wile; to 

'l>*< , 
> it v J 

Hvu y scay ^,J J wr ' le '' !lsl - 

Hwuy sha | 


! to sprinkle, to scat-^ 

-] 4553. A blaze of light, 
whether from the sun 
or from fire ; lumin- 
- ] ous; splendid; efful- 
gent; applied also in 
a moral sense. Head 
Heun, To burn. 

Hwuy kwang 1 -^ or Kwang hwu-y 
TIT* ] lustre; splendour, luminous 
Hwuy, or Hw&nhwang j ffpi a bright 


I A554. A wooden pin in the 

yl\ cEl wall for hanging things on ; 
-\-* a kind of clothes' stand. In 
this sense also read Kcun. Read 
Hwan, A crooked spoke about a 

4555. To remove; to scat- 
ter ; to disperse. 

4556. To. shake out water; 
to put away the whole. 

4557. An animal said to be 
like a dog with a human 

4658. White. 

4559. [-] To fly with velo- 
eity and noise. Name of a 
bird, said to be of the fowl 
species and variegated. 


4560. To unite ; to assemble; 
] to meet together; tocol- 
lect; to associate. An 
association ; a kind of 
benefit society ; a club. 
The meeting or visiting 
of persons of equal rank; the com- 
municating of information to such by 
writing ; to understand ; to know, or 
beabletodo. A seam. A surname. A 
certain annual reckoning. Le hwuy 
J]|j j to understand. 

Hwu-y e 1 : B the association of ideas 

I rflik 1 * 

in compounding the characters ; third 

class of characters. 
Hwuy fuh I &* to give a reply or 

answer to some question pending. 
Hwuy fei 1 banditti. 

HwuyhS 1 AO 

Hwuy lung ^ 

Hwuy tso 1 - 

Hwuy tan a.'l a kind ofmoney 

Hwuy tsze Jjl / bill, or Letter of 

Credit to draw money in another part 

of the country, used since the bank. 

noUs were given up. See^/Chaou. 

4561. To revelre or cir- 

4562. [ / ] To draw or 
sketch a picture ; to paint 
pictures. To embroider 
with various colours; to adorn or 
variegate with colours. 
Hwuy hwa 1 A to draw a line; to 

I m]f-^ + 

sketch ; to draw. 

Hwuy hing ] ^"1 to sketch; to 
Hwuy too j |gg| J draw an out- 

to unite together. 

to know how to do. 


line of the form or figure; a print or 

4563. Small clouds ; rain. 

I 4564. Kieei. An extraor- 
> dinary commodity ; valu- 
I rile; dear; honorable. 

4565. A door next the street. 

4566. [/] A woman's name. 

4567. [r] A large river 
"V | f> rushing out of a passage 
If ** ^ which obstructs it ; in dis- 
order ; scattered ; dispersed ; enraged; 
opposing currents clashing against 
each other. 

Hwuy hwS -JtE the appe.-irance of 
conflicting surges ; water driven vio- 
lently upon itself with a noisy colli- 

Hwuy Ian 1 j||J to break by putting 
water into. 

4568; Broken ; opened as a 
swollen ulcer. 

, 4369. To wash the face. 


4570. [ ' ] Hwuy.orTsuy. 
To glance hastily ; an eye 
without life ; a dull eye. 

4571. [ /] Deaf ; born deaf. 

4572. Certain red fringe or 
ends of thread in weaving 
various coloured silk; to 

embroider; to decorate; to paint; 
to put a variety of colours on paper 
or on cloth. 

4573. To slop in the mid- 
dle ; to arrange in order. 
To turn; to translate; 
to-call or to collect to- 
gether ; to advert, or 
cause to -advert; to de- 
ceive or ridicule. 

4574. ['] The outside gate 
of a market place ; the gate 
of a street, in the Chinese 
manner; a road, a path; the same 
is expressed by ||] ] Hwan-hwuy. 

4575 [A] In composition, 
the name of different rivers 
and of a tract of country. 

4576. The colour of light 
or of flame. Fire; blaze. 
Thoroughly dressed with fire. 

4577. [ ^ ] From having 
and' pearls. Wealth ; 
riches ; opulence. A ge- 
neral term for wealth. 
Cloth and silk, the an- 
cient constituents of 
wealth iu China, To give wealth to 



others; to bind them to a certain 

line of conduct. To bribe; a bribe. 

Show liwuy <?? to receiTC a 

ITwuy ch5 ] ^ to give bribes and 

dictate to; to bring entirely under 

one's influence by bribes. 
Hwuy loo lung hing | [$ jjg ft 

to bribe freely and get a thorough 

Hwuy loo 1 ||A to bribe; a bribe. 

4578. [ ' ] To call upon a 
person ; the noise of calling 

4579. From hand and to 
break. To wound or 
hurt by striking. 

' ] 4580. From to strike, 
earth, and a mortar. 
To break to pieces or be 
broken; to fall down, as 
a house, or to be pull- 
ed down ; to be laid in 
ruins; to pull to pieces 
a person's character ; 
to slander and vilify; 
to put away from one; 
to put away calamities 
by prayer , to lose, as 
children do their teeth. As a Neuter 

Verb, read Keu Shing ; as an Active 

- - t 
Verb, Shang Shing. Gae hwuy 55 

broken up by grief the tone of deep 
Hnuy clie I "jffi to lose or change 



the teeth, as hoys at eight years old 
and girls at seven. 

Hwuy cb? I i^r to pull down, or 
tear to pieces ; broken to pieces ; 

Hwuy hoo 1 I& to exclude; to 
drive away evil. 

Hwuy hwae 1 W* to ruin ; to spoil. 

Hwuy pang ] = to vilify, or pull 
to pieces a. person's character. 

Hwuy ke fang fill J=L fly Hi 

to pull down the house; or for the 
house to go to ruin of itself. 

Hwuy yu | ^^;to vilify, and, to flat- 
ter, opposites. 

4581. To dislike; to slander; 
to vilify. A penou's coua- 

4582. A large pepper tree. 

4583. ftomjire and to 
rum. Fire ; a blaze of 
] fire. 

4584. A measure of grain 
containing eight ^r" Tow. 


4SS5. Name <f a plant. 

jj- 45S6. Suy or H r ei. From a 
hand grflsp/nfftwo bamboos, 
hence A broom t to brush 
tuiay ; and a broom-tailfJ 
liar ; a comet. 

4587. [ '] Small; delicate; 
i* _-, a low soft voice or sound. 
""* A rapid, hasty sound. The 
harmonious sound of arced. Clear; 
bright; the name of a star. 
/P M l^ p "fv. Hwuy, seaou 
kow ming shing yay.Hwuy, voice or 
sound emitted from a small mouth. 
Hwuy hwuy jen 9/\. concord 

or harmony of sound, cither from 
the voice, or from an instrument. 
Hwuy pe 1 |R? the name of a star. 

45?8. Suy, Wei, or Hwuy, 
To tear or rend apart ; to 
split. Read Seuc, To 
sweep away entirely. 

4589. Small stars ; appear. 
> ance of a multitude of 
stars ; a group of stars. 

t 4590. [ / J Perspicacious ; 

"li intelligent; clever; dexter- 
^j* "S; ingenious; subtle; 
adroit. Ling hwuy jig spiri- 
tual perspicacity; lucid, quick per- 


Oif! hwuy JfQ J .. Knowing; skil- 
Min hwuy $jjjr ' I f u | . di sre rn- 
Yung hwuy^Jj 1 J ing; quickness 
of perception; superiority of intel- 
lectual capacity. 

4591. The same s 4587. 

4592. The wings of a bird 
flying with velocity. The 
roots of feathers. 

459S. The noise made by 
a cart or carriage ; the 
turning of a carriage. 

^Tj^t 4594. To investigate and dis- 
criminate. A roan's name. 

4595. [ - J A distorted mouth; 
depraved vicious speech; 
' ugly ; deformed. One says, 
To revile ; to reprehend. Che hwuy 
Jl 1 distorting the countenance 
by contracting the forehead; or as 
some say, Contracting or puckering 
up the nose. 

4596. [-] To rend; to split; 
to point out ; to expand. 
Che hwuy ^ ] to 
point out to with the 
hand ; to make a signal 
to. Hwuy keen J l|i 
humble, unassuming; enlarged, li- 
beral minded. 





4597 . [ - J A colour, a 
standard, a banner, that 
with which a signal is 
made in armies; to make 
a signal to with a flag, 
or with the hand. Speed, 
celerity, quickness. Hwuy che 
sze keu 7/_ 'H jfe to make 
a sign to, to go away. 
Hwuy che e hwang "/' y\ JJjj 
to make a signal to with the arm, 
as a herdsman or shepherd does to 
his flock. 

Hwuy hea 1 ~F> below the banner, 
denotes waiting respectfully for the 
decision of a superior; or actively, 
to make a signal to those below. 

4598. [ ' - ] Certain vessels 
used in sacrifice for pouring 
out oblations. Read To, To 
tear in pieces, as rending a victim, 
hence from Jleah, To let fall ; to fall 

4599. Hwuy or To, To tear 
to pieces j to lay in ruins; 
to cause to fall down as 
the wall of a city. To 
injure; to spoil ; to cause 
to fall ; to cause to cease. 
Twan to [^ 1 to go a 
] begging with a platter in 
the hand, in the manner 
of the priests of Bud 'ha. 
Hwuj IS | 3fj[. to fall in ruins ; to fall 

4600. [ - ] Ancient queen's 
garments embroidered with 
transverse pheasant-like co- 
lours. A certain sash which hangs 
transversely ; an apron. Good ; ex- 

PAHT II. o i 

cellent of its kind; acertaii musical 
instrument. A threefold cord. Ur- 
gent, impetuous effort. 

Hwuy chow 1 M a famous mart in 

Hwuy haou | 5ftt a kind of banner. 

Hwuy tsung I jSf- an Emperor who 
lived, A. D. 1 120. He had thirty- 
one sons, all of whom he constituted 
kings ; and give most of them prin- 
cipalities in China, as was the usage 
with the Sung dynasty. 

Ganhwuy-^* | a section of Keang- 
nan Province. 

4601. [-] Same as the first srnse 
of the preceding character. 
Garments worn by ancient 
queens when sacrificing, embroidered 
with Tartan-like stripes; a sash which 
hangs transversely. An apron is 
so called in some partsof the country; 
a kind of knee-plate worn by Chinese. 
Read E, A man's name. 

| t_ 4602. Hwuy, or Wei. An 
nipt* ornamental purse or bag 
I containing something fra- 

grant. A single curtain ; a kind of 

j^ k^ 4603. f/] To shun ; to dread ; 
"^ k'jj to avoid ; to stand in awe 
S3* I" of; to pay respect to; that 
name which a person employs when 
worshipping the- gods; the name of 
a deceased person these are deemed 
sacred afld are not mentioned on com- 
mon occasions : this usa^e began 
with Chow. Pun hwuy % 
dei.otes being dead 

4004. Commonly Itt-ad 
Chung. A general term for 
insects. Sec Chung. 

4605. A long snake ; a man's 
name. A surname. 

4606. [ v ] The price of an 
article of commerce. 

4607. Read Hwuy, or Hwuy. 
Streams returning and 
uniting. A vessel or an 
utensil. Tung hwuy tsth wei ping- 

streams return eastward, and form 
the marsh Pang-le. Sha hwuy ^ 
I the sand worked up by eddies or 

4608 [ ' ] Possessed with the 
devil; diseased; a diseased 
branchless tree ; a swelling 
growing out of the side ; a swelling 
or diseased protuberance in a tree. 
Lofty appearance of a hill. Read 
Iuy, The branches of a tree inter- 
woven and matted together. 

4609. [ /] Appearance of a 
fit plump face; to wash the 

4610. [-] The voice of a 
bird. Wide, spacious and 
light, said of a bouse. The 
sound of the gradual approach of a 
carriage with bells. The ancient 
Dictionary Yuii-hwuy says, The 
beard on the chin. One says, The 
jaw hone. Read Yae, Ti.e breath 
rising. To bekhs to rift. Lwan 





the jingling sound of the approaching 

Hwuy hwuy ke tning 1 jjl ^ 

the deepest and roost abscure recess 
(or innermost apartment of the 
bouse) was spacious and light. 

4611. An extreme degree of 

4619. [r] Hwuy or Kwuy, 
Extreme weariness or las- 
situde; the tone or ex- 
clamation of fatigue; an extreme 

461 S. Hwuy, or Hwuy. 
The breath. Ho hwuy ppj" 
I obscure; to obscure as 
with the breath blown on a trans- 
parent substance. 

4614. [ /] The sound of 
flying; the noise made by 
wings or feathers; nume- 
rous ; many. 

4615. [/] Hwuy, or Wei. 
Anger, indignation, rage. 

4616. [ f] Hwuy, or Wei. 
Thoroughly boiled or dress- 
ed with fire. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Jang-. Confounded with fang. Canton Dialect, Yaong. 

| 40 1 7. Seang. An order of 
the Han dynasty to put off the 
clothet and plough, w at expreu- 
et by Seang. To surround the 
tops of mountains; to effect; 
to ride on horseback ; a time 
for doing a thing. 

4618. The cause of a thing. 

4619. [ - ] The appearance 
of walking. Kwang Jang 
|||j in haste; urgent; 


4620. [ \ ] To make a 
noise and clamour. Jang 
fih pun ching te me'en 

a disgraceful uproar and noise. 

4621 . [ * ] Soft, fat loamy 
soil ; not in clods. Earth ; a 
mound ; a boundary, a place ; 
that which is reared by culture, in 
contradistinction from what is spon- 
taneous. Good and amiable, applied 
to children. Abundant; rich, applied 
to the year. Confused, in a state of 
disorder. The name of an ancient 
play-thing for children. The name 
of a place. A surname. San jang 
"^ j refers to three classes of soil, 
by which the government fixed the 
land tax, or ground rent, to the 
people. Seihjang^ j the name 
of a place, a hillock of dust; a bank 
to obstruct water. Pfh jang j ] 
white soil. Hwang jang wf 
jellow earth. Ke'ih jang 3i^ 
an ancient game. Keih jang urh ko 
to play at jang 

and jing, denotes a period of general 
national prosperity; it cannot be 
used on any family or individual 
occasion of joy. Kae jang ^jj^ 
| denotes Heaven and earth. 
Fan jang /^ | what remains after 
filth or excrements are imperfectly 
swept away. 

Fun jang ^r ' filth or excre- 
mciititious matter. Ejang A^ 
an aut hill, ^p 1 Waejang, and 
Nuy jang j^J '| the first denotes, 
an obscuration of the edge of the 
sun in an eclipse; the last, a central 
eclipse. As a local word, Earth that 
is thrown up by digging, or by rats 
and other animals that burrow in 
the ground, is expressed by Jang. 
King jang tef a boundary or 

territory. Ping jang ZE level 

ground. Pe'en jtng }|| ' ter- 





ritory on the borders. Tse Jang 
;faj: 1 adjoining boundaries. Lin 
jnng l&ft ] neighbouring boun- 
daries. Ejang 4?, | different or 
separate places. Tung jang |jjj 
of the same place or country. 

Jang tsze J -4- a beloved child. 

Jang teen "tffi a present, of the 
produce of any particular place. 

4682. A lient bow. 

4623. Jang, or Seang. To 
go with haste and preci- 
pitation; as if frightened. 
Jang yang 1 ijzE timo- 
rous, fearful; hurried, 
fluttered, wandering, wild 

4624. [ / J Timid ; fearful ; 
afraid. To fear. 

I %_ 4625. [ / ] Jang, or Seang. 
T* 5 Name of a tree, the bark of 
I^^V. which yields a white sub- 
stance, which is bruised and made 
into bread, in Cochina-china. Trees 
by the side of a road. 
l-qry "\ 4626. [\-] To take hold of 
<n ^JULm with the hand and to 
*^m^- take to one, or push 
away ; to take possession 
of; to reject; to stop; 
to disturb or cause trou- 
ble to. Read N'ing, To 
throw into disorder. 
TS-jang ^ 1 to seize 
hold of and maintain obstinately. 
Jangchoo j R^ to cut off or reject. 

Tseang jang ^ * to put into con- 
fusion and disorder. 

Jang kc $H to take possession of 
a fowl that comes into one's premises. 

Jang pe 1 ^? to war d f w ' tn the 
arm ; to exert the arms. 

Jang yang | ^ to take posiession of 
a stray sheep. 

4627. The hair in the ut- 
most disorder. Kwang- 
jnj; disheveled 


4628. ['] Thestalk of grain, 
grain growing luxuriantly ; 
luxuriance ; plenty of any 

thing; abundance. A year of plenty. 

A surname. The name of a place. 

-&A 4629. [ - ] Jang, or Nang. 
Pew; fog, or mist; small 
rain; mud or rnire; ap- 
pearance of water flow- 
ing. Name of a river; 
and of a mountain brook. 

4630. Fire. 

4631. Name of an animal 
of the monkey species. 

4632. The edible part of a 

4633. A bad kind of the Tsze- 
hwang OTp -gf mineral. 

4634. [ - ] Sacrifice! to dis- 
pel evil. 

4635. An utensil for washing 
rice; to bind or bundle up 

' 4636. Name of a plant. 

4637. An insect resembling 
a locust, but smaller, and 
which preyson themulberry. 

4638. Recijirocal reprehen- 
sion; altercation; wrang- 
ling; noise of people'' 
voices. A yielding com- 
plaisant, polite, humhlr, 
address, prcfrring others 
before one's self; to yield ; to give 
place to. The name of a wood; and 
ofa place. 
Jang kih SSJ to give place to a 

Jang loo | jjK to yield the path to 

another person. 

Jang le wdh tsin lae jjjK[ ij^ j| 
S& to clear the way that the presents 
may come in. 
Jang pwan 1 {[$1 to yielda dike (that 

may he the subject of dispute.) 
Jangyu 1 rj^J yielding complaisant 

4639. Name ofa district. 

, 4640. Read Jang or Seang, 
A mould or other utensil 
for casting metal< ; to inlay. 
Row jang^pl a certain military 

4641. A local word, denot- 
ing Fat, plump. 






Confounded with Yaou and Naou. Manuscript Dictionary, 3a. Canton Dialect, Yea. 

^ 4642. Yaou. Earth piled up 
and placed on high ; lofty ; eminent. 
4643. [ ' - ] Keaou-jaou 
jjjjj: I pleasing, flitter- 
ing, fascinating, slender, 
delicate. Read Neaou 
or Yaou , To make an up- 
roar and disturbance, as 
ghosts are sometimes re- 
presented to do ; trouble- 
some, disagreeable. 

4644. [ - ] Read J^iou or 
Xeaou. Tall, slender, cur- 
ved trees or wood. Delicate; 
weak; elegant; crooked; dUtorted ; 
applied to thing)!, to morals, or to 
evidence. An oar ; to row. 
Jaou chuen | W to row a boat. 
Jowjaou 3; j slender, delicate, se- 
ductive female figure; 
Jaou pae ] IJV broken ; ruined. 

4645. [\] To wind round 
as silk or thread'; to go 
round ; to surround. A 
surname. . Jaou seTh 
j|J to stand round 
the knee, as children 
round a parent's knee. 
Jaou loo j^ a road or path that 
winds or forms a circle. 

Jaou yu ke shan ~]j&. "Jf. |l| 
surrounded the hill. 

4646. [ - ] Stubble, or rushes 
used for fuel. Jaou hwa 
[ /W- the name of a me- 
dicine. Read Neaou, Name of a re- 

4P47. A short worm in the 
abdomen. Jaou hwuy 
(Jill'' a short and a long spiral 
worm found in the abdomen. 

4648. Clothing for a. sword; 
a scabbard or covering for a 
S *_d sword. 

4649. The name of a place. 

4650. [ - ] Great plenty of 
provisions: abundant, rich, 
affluent; oyerplus ; excced- 

ings , that which may be spared ; to 
spare; to excuse; to deal liberally 
and indulgently to. Name of a 
nation and of a district. A sur- 

Jaou shoo I 1$i to spare, to excuse, 
to remit, to forgive. 

Jaou ming 1 -jj to spare life. 

Jaou yu I xf/jaricli, abundant sup- 
ply -, affluent. 

4651. Yew. Mournful, sor- 
rouful, sombre, disgraced. 

4652. [ \ - ] Read Jaou 
or Neaou. Some read 
Yaou, To agitate or 
trouble, confusion and 
disorder. Also To soothe, 
to tranquilize ; to feed ; 
to breed up as animals ; the domestic 
animals so bred up. Same as -^ 
Chfih, in the same sense. 

Jaou Iwan 1 a|f to throw into dis- 

Jaou jin tsew fan ^ Vffl / pV 
to give people the trouble of pre- 
paring a dinner. 

Tsaou jaou jgE. | "j to cause trouble-, 

K can u jaou j'Vy f annoyance and 
tK, I J 


4653. A mild tractable 
cow ; mild, yielding, sub- 

4654. [-j An animal of the 
monkey species. 






a? in May. Manuscript Dictionary, }e. Canton Dialect, Tay. 

% 4655. [\] Read Jay. Dried 
- Wr^* plants or herbs. Name of 
S*-~ a place. Head JS, To pluck 
plants or herbs. Particle ff, as. In 
ancient books used for You and /. 
Pawn jay |j | clever, adroit, in the 
language of the Buddha sect. Lanjay 
ife 1 the dwelling place of Buddha 
in certain favored regions of the west. 
4656. [\] Respectful lan- 

Chang jay |jg j 
a salutation performed by 

raiding the folded hands as high as the 
fice, and letting them tall ag-iin. It is 
otherwise called fe JET Chang yih. 
Jay is a tone used in replying to. Also 
read S6, in the same sense. The 
ancient form of ?. 

4657. [ t ] A surname. Jiy- 
ta | -fc large; great; a 
great many, a local phrase 
not sanctioned by Chinese Diction- 

4658. f v ] To lay hold 
of; to stimulate; to 
excite; to proToke; to 
induce; to itir up. Cho 
jay w. | an unsettled 
Jay hJn 1 jlfl to excite indignation. 
Jay ho j|fl to bring calamities 

upon one's self. 

4659. A tone of response, 
signifying that one hear* 
and understands. At. 


Jit, is confounded with Ye. Manuscript Dictionary, Jo. Canton Dialect, Geet. Jruti Manuscript Dictionary, 3eul. 

4660. Warm ; hot ; ardent. 
Teen kejo J C fa j 
the weather is warm. 
Je shwfiy 7^ hot 

1 water. Jg sin JQ\ 

a warm heart, an ardent 
mini. Je tang ] ^ 
hot soup. 

Je-ho ! ^iij name of a place on the 

FAKT 11. p 4 

N. E. of Peking; the summer re- 
sidence of the Emperor of China. 

Je naou 1 JJM warmth and clamour 
means, that bustle which takes 
place at feasts and crowded amuse- 

4661. Jeue". To burn; to 
set in a blaze. J?ue tseaou 

'mi to conflagrate; 
I Ati i 

to be burnt. Shaou jeuS 
jK?t JKh to hum and 
destroy, as in war.. 






Manucript Dictionary, Je. Confounded with Yth. Canton Dialect, Yat. 

4662. Intended to represent 


^ I the object. The sun; the day; 

a day; daily ; every day. Kin 
Jih/A^ [ today. Tsojihflj: ] 
yesterday. Ming JTh ^\ ] lo-mor- 
row. \Vang jTh /y^ former or 

past days. Tse'en jfh J the day 

before yesterday. How jlh 4& 

the day after to-morrow. 
JTh ching | ) the things done, or 

to be done during the day. 
Jih lun chfih chaou | J^J $ Kh 
JTh tow shay kwang ] fij| $} ^J 

thesunsheddingforlh his beams. 

JThylh.hefei ] g ^ jg daily 

declined more and more. 
Jlh tae mung keen j T J& fJ9 

daily in the midst of a dream. 

Jlh ko j ^t a daily exercise or tasV. 

JTh-pun 1 ^ Japan. 

Jlh pang yun ke che Th 1 S f& 

M. % m hal b y llie >uie f lhe 


Jih sin j ^ daily reiioTated, or Ihe 
condition iniprorcd. 

Jih hew yui t,eang J Jfc j 
the gradual approaches of the un 
and moon ; gradual advances. 

4663. An ornament of a boat. 

Ji 4P64. Garments-daily worn ; 

^f>|~l garment worn by a woman 

next her person. 

Jih e \ /$?") common clothes ; or- 

J rt ? 
JTh ftih I Ujtt J dinary garments ; 

the particular garments referred to. 

4665. A hnrse that goes 
a stage daily. A fleet 
horse ; a post horse. 
Jih ma | a post 

horse that goes with go- 
vernment despatches. 
\ VTh, it a more modern word 
used in the same seme. 

4666. JTh, Jfih,.or Jow. To 
enter ; to go inside ; 
to recede from sight , to 
receive. To put within. Chfihjoh 

| to go out and in, to go 
abroad, or to remain at home. Wo- 
jfth keu le meen ^ ] ^ ^| |fj 
lam going inside. Ping tsun-j 
kow juh jfa ^ P | diseas* 
cnlt-rs by the mouth, i. e. from in- 
temperance. Leangjuli e wci chub 

M 1 0, ^ ti) =<"'der what 
comes in, to regulate thereby th 
expenditure. Keu show jtih e fH 
rg ] Jfi. have all been received ; 
is a common phrase in letters. Show, 
is otherwise written j|/r show. 

Ji5h le meen | ^ ^ to go within- 

Jilh ta tsae nuy ] 'fife 
put it within. 

4667. Two ttns, twenty. 

4668. Riini. 






E, long and approaching the sound of U. Confounded with Ten and J*Teen. Manuscript Dictionary, 

Canton Dialect, Yen. 

4669. [ - ] From dog and 
1 flesh Dog's flesh. 

^ 4670. From Dag, fesh, and 

Vf/^ fire. To boil slowly; to 

decoct ; to simmer; done ; 
existing. Jen is joined 
to many single words 
a a euphonic particle. 
Jen, is often a disjunctive or qualify- 
ing particle introducing another 
clause or circumstance and answers 
to But Yes; jcs truly ; so; affirm- 
ing or promising. t She joo tsre 
fow jijr in ]t(^ ^ ll '* thus, or 
not ? Yue jen j is it re- 

plied. Yes. We peih jen ^~ ^\ 
I not necessarily so. Tsze jen 
^rj I certainly ; truly ; self exist- 
ing; self evident. Tsze jen urh 
jen '.'j 1 jfll | seems to denote, 
Absolute self existence. Kwo jen 
\fi 1 doubtless ; indeed ; is also 
the name of an animal. Sefilijen 
&t\ 1 the name of a serpent. 
Jen how 1 Afa after lhat: afterwardi. 

I t^^ 

Jen wei jen fow 

reckon it right or not. 
Jen urh 1 Tffi but. 

Jen yay j -JJJ truly so. 

4671. Jen, or Shen. Weak; 
fragile; timid ; fearful; so- 
licitous. At present used 
to denote, Harmony and ease. 

4672. Jen, or Neen. The 
sound of conversation, 
which is also expressed by 
pSf Yih nten. One lays, To 
answer; to reply ; to answer in the 

4673. [ \ ] Jen, Been, or 
Nten, Difficult, hard to do, 
or bear. 

4674 To take hold of 
with the hand ; to lift ; 
to remove; to accord 
with ; to follow. 

4 K ?">. Jen, or Kwo jen TJ^ 
j an animal of the mon- 
key species. 

467(5. Jen or Nccn, Name 
of u bamboo. 

[i 1677. Jen or Juen. Silk. 
A red colour ; rid as fire. 

'TI > I67s wi!(| i icase or otlicr 


4679. [^] Jen or Yen. A 
surname; a discipi 
Confucius. To walk, to 
advance, to invade : 

4680. Jen jen | (he 

appearance of chewing, or 
ruminating in quiet. 

4S1 . Tall elegant figure , 
slender and flexible 
Jen-jS 1 $& tall and 

4682. Teen jrr j ap- 

pearance of khooting out 
the tongue. 





,_1^ 4683. [V] Luxuriant growth 
of plants; abundant herbage. 
Jin jen % turning 

backwards and forwards. 

4684. [ - ] Jen shay 1 

yfa a certain large snake, 
said to be edible . an an- 
cient appellation of south- 
ern barbarians. Read 
Teen, Teen tan 1 p& 

appearance of an animal lolling out 

its tongue. 

4685. [ - ] Jen, Neen, or 
Chen. A selvage or bor- 
der of a garment; an up- 
per garment worn by 
brides. A garment that 
cover* the knees. In 
all its senses it has a re- 
ference to certain parts 
of dros. 

, 4686. Much left unsaid ; 
a subject not exhausted. 

4687. Iron. 

4688. The hair on the 
side of the face; the 

4689. These characters 
have much the same 
sense as the two preced- 
ing. The hair on the side 
of the face; the temples 
or the whiskeri, and also 
the beard on the chin. 

4690. [ V ] From water, 
wood, and nine. To 
put amongst water and 
coloured wood, nine 
times. To dye with 
any colour ; to imbue; 
to affect or infect, as with disease. 
To stain with vice; to defile; to pol- 
lute. A soft delicate appearance. 
Jen fang I fjjf a dyer's room. 
Jen sih j ^coloured; dyed with 

some colour. 

Jen ping I 3fft to infect with dis- 

Jen woo j y denied, polluted. 

Jen poo 1 /fa to dye cloth. 

SeTh sfih so jen %jj 'fS fflr j im- 
bued or defiled with vulgar habits. 

4691. Beautiful; elegant; 
staled reasonably and right. 

4699. To imbue with mois- 
ture ; to instil into ; to 



J a in French. Often pronounced Yin. Manuscript Dictionary, Jm. Canton Dialect, fun. 

4893. [-] A human being, 
commonly understood of 
man. Nan jin '. 

a man. Neu jin 

a woman. Ta jin fljf 

that person, or, another 
person, in contradistinc- 
tion from one's self. Laou 
iin kea -Xr \ '* an 

old man ; or, in direct address. You, 
venerable, Sir. Koojin"jt j one 
of the ancients. Foojin uraf j a 
married woman ; also, used for 
women generally. Nuyjinj/H 
my wife Tsun foo jin r* -3r- 
your lady, your wife. Fan jin J>\ 
| or Jinjin 1 all men; every 

body . Teen hea che j in ^ ~N ~Y 

the people of the empire; or of 
the world. 

Shing jin *S? J the perfect sages of 

antiquity, who possess innate, and 

intuitive knowledge. Heenjin ^f 

I sages of the second order, to 

whom study was necessary. Yq ji 

|3q 1 the illiterate and uninformed. 
/o\ I 

Haoujiawi | a good raan. Tae 




jin // | a bad man. Shcn jin 
^K 1 a moral man. GS jin 
I a wicked man. Seen jiii 4fa 
I those, who by their high virtues, 
have risen to a kind of super-human 
or angelic state. Tajin -^ 
great man ; a term of respect applied 
to the higher officers of government, 
answering to the European term Ex- 
cellent y. Ta-jin, sometimes denotes 
A person arrived at manhood, in 
contradistinction from children. 
Seaou jin /K 1 little man ; g<*nc- 
rally denotes A menn worthless per- 
son ; sometimes merely a person of 
no official rank in the st.ite. Kea 
jin ^K domestics. Choo jin 
the roaster of a house. Foo 
kwei jin M "Jir J a rich man. 

./-JI-* 4 

Keung jin ^JH | a poor man. 
Mei jin J^ 1 a beautiful woman. 
Shang jin iffi or Mae mae jin 

fl 3t I amercnant - 
~f^ I a mechanic. Nungjin 
I ahusbandraan. Szejin^f^ 
a scholar. Shwuy show j in 

I a sailor. Chuen szc jin 


J a person who goes between two 

parties in the transaction of business. 
Paou paou jin jte] iB ] a mes- 
senger who runs to give tidings. 
Chaejin^ 1 a messenger. Chung 
jin llf 1 a midsman, one who acts 
between two parties. Fan jin ;g 
I or E jin ffij ' a foreigner. 
The latter is the more respectable 
term : the same may be expressed by 
Yuen jin jtt a distant man, 

one from remote parts. She jin ?^ 
a Poet. Wei jin he 


4 4 

who is, or acts the part of u man. 
Tsojin^Q I and Chung jin ill 1 
are the names of two cities. A sur- 

Jin sin cha j J&, 2j an extract of 

Jin chung tp the central spot, 

between the nose and mouth. 

2S. a visitor. 

Jin .sin j j& ginseng, a well known 
root. Foreign Ginseng is called 

Jin sing joo pih keu kwo keih j /t 

y\\ El Iwj'J 5uiL |*3w human life is 
like a fleet white horse passing, as 
seen through a crevice. 

Jin taou ^ the principles of 
human conduct. 

Jin ting shine teen 

I /J lilt /x 

men's fixed purpose, is superior to 
Heaven. This seemingly impious 
expression is intended to rouse peo. 
pie to determined efforts. 

Jin tsing I >r the human feelings; 

Jin yuen ^ ftfjfc human cause, de- 
notes a supernatural cause, effect- 
ing favourably the fortunes of a 
person; making him well received 
among human beings. 

4694. The beams or laths at 
the top of a house, on which 
the tiles are laid. The 

space between those beams. 

4695. [ - ] The man fish. 
A merman, or mermaid. A 
sea monster, said to be five 

or six cubits long ; with a long small 
tail, having h;iir like a horse's tail. 
It has a nose, ears, mouth, hands , and 
head, all covered with a very white 
skin. No scales. The male and 
fcnrile have both been caught, and 

D ' 

preserved in a pond, where they 
copulated like human beings. 

A ^4696. [- J Benevolence; 

X 1,^ ^ love to all creatures; 
chirity; virtue in gene- 
._~ nil. According to one, 

it denotes Patience. The 
kernel of a nut; the 
_g^ stones of fruit ; seeds. 

Teen sin jin gae ^^ y|\ 
^ vLJ^ ) tjg the heart of 

heaven is beneficence and love. 
Kwo jin -^ | the seed of fruit. 
Hihjin3> I the kernel of nuts. 

Taou jin jjriK 1 an almond. 
Jin ching JE6- benevolent good 

Jin sin | 
Jin tsze | 

J'Btih | 
Jingae J 

lence and beneficence. 

Jin rain gae wuh ] ^ -^ ^ be- 
nevolence to the people, and love to 
all creatures. 

a benevolent heart. 
a seed. 

1 the virtue of charity, 
'J including benevo- 

Jin wan 

famous for bene- 

Sze te pfih jin pEj f*^ j th. 
hands and feet in a diseased insensi- 
ble state, as if dead. 


4697. [ - J Read Jin and 
Ting. Represents a man 
standing firm on the top of 
the earth ; or according to others, 
any thing growing up out of the 
earth. l ShwS-wan says it denotes, 
Good, virtuous. From Man and 
Too, the. earth denoting the business 
of life. 

4698. [ - ' ] From man, the 
other partgiving sound. To 
be surety for. Sincere j true 
to a friend. Trust committed to a 
person ; official situation. To sus- 
tain ; to bear; to serve. Read Jin, 
To be able; to use or employ ; that 
which is sustained or taken upon 
-one's self. A surname. Sin yu pang 

1 being true or faithful to a friend 
ii called Jin. Lull hing heaou, yew, 
mSh, yin,jin,suh /> fa ^ ~$L 
^ jjj2| | ^1 six virtues, filial 
piety, fraternal affection, peaceful- 
ness, harmony, friendship, compas- 
iion. Jin ^ Jin ping j }|| and 
Jin tsung ' ;$ each expresses, 
Trusting to other persons, letting 
them do as they please. Shan? jin 
J- 1 Taoujin r||] j to arrive 
at the place in which the duties of an 
official appointment are to be exer- 
cised. Wo paou jin na keen sze ^J 
ffi | ^|J ffi llj[. I'll be security 
for, or engage to undertake that 
affair. Wo jin wo leen 3b Trn 
, i , I carry the burden ; I drag the 
carriage. Occurs in the sense of 
Al Jin, and 4f Jin, Conception, 

pregnancy. Also occurs, but erro- 
neously, in the sense of ^ Jin. 

Jin chung 1 ||j an important trust. 

Jinlaou | ^ to bear fatigue and 
toil in service. 

Jin sze I l|| to undertake, or be 
charged with business. 

Jin tsze e ] ^ ^ to indulge one's 


Jin ke kan wei ^ ^ Jsij 

to give scope to one's feelings and 
act in a daring manner not paying 
much regard to consequences. 

Jin yuen #& to sustain resent- 
ments in the public service. 

4699. Below; under; sus- 

4700. [ - ] From woman 
and to tustain. Pregnant 
with young; to be with 

4701. [^ ] From heart 
and to sustain. That 
which the mind bears, 
contains, or is intent 
upon ; or delights in. To 
consider; to reflect; to 
think. Read King, 
Weak j delicate; to trust 
to. Used by the Canton 
people in an indelicate sense for the 
Pleasures of sexual intercourse; deem- 
ed a gross word. Vulgarly used for 
Thus; no; hoii-f Ke jen jin teih 

4702. Jin, or Nin, To work, 
weave, or embroider, 
A] with variegated silk. 

4703. Thoroughly boil- 
ed or cooked ; sli- 
ated. SMh jin J^ 
/^J too much done. 

L ] King jin i|| 1 soup 
well boiled used as a 
general expression for 
an entertainment. The 
last character is other- 
wise read Nee'.denot- 

F] ing a kind of cake. 

4704. p] A large kind of 
pulse; soft; flexible. 
Name of a place. Jin 
yen I Vf\. or Jin jen 
1 r$K turnm S hack- 
wards and forwards; to 

advance or invade as in search of; 

gradual and certain progress, as of 

a plant growing, or of the reflected 

light of the sun. 





4705. [ s ] The front part 
of a garment h:inj;!i g down 
before. The part of a gar- 
ment which folds over and buttons 
or fastens with loops at the side. 
A mat to sleep on. Certain fasten- 
ing of a coffin. 

4TO. f - ] To think; to 

4707. [ ' ] To pay for the 
loan of any thing ; to rent 
a house. Yung jin J^ | 
to be hired to work; to workforhire. 

4708. To moisten with 
water, as leather is. Lea- 
ther filled in a certain 
way and applied to a 
carriage. Read Nin. 
Chin nin JH | sound 
appearing not to increase. 

4769. [/] A sharp point- 
ed weapon or knife ; 
sharp, strong, durable 
edge or point of a weapon 
or instrument. Ping jin 
_EL ] military weapons. 

4710. [/] A measure of 
eight cubits length. To 
measure the depth. The 
name of a place. There are various 
opinions as to the length of this 
measure ; some make it five cubits, 
others, six, &c. 

4711. A cloth or napkin 
for a pillow ; a pillow case; 
a cloth. 

| ^| 4712. p ] A knife pierc- 

^1 ing the heart: to bear 

f ^ w it. Fortitude ; possessing 

ability ; able to sustain 
or to bear. To bear -, to 
forbear ; to endure ; pali. 
ei:t; to suffer patiently. A surname. 
Keen jin |j? resolute, firm en- 
durance either of suffering or seduc- 

Jin ke j jja 

Jin .in hae le 
one's self to violate what is reason- 

to repress one's angry 

Jin nae j (fr^ to endure long some 

Jin sing | <|4- a patient disposition ; 

* "^ 

Jin sin j ^Q\ to l>ear to do either 
what is good or had. 

Jin yu sih j ^ '{3 to forbear shew- 
ing displeasure in the countenance. 

Jinpdhtsdh ~?f\ JFP to bear pa- 

tiently with less than is quite suffi- 

Jin yu yen j jj' ~== to forbear in 

Jin jin j I to bear bearing; makes 
thesenseof^K 1 Pflh jin, Notto 
bear to do any thing harsh or cruel. 

fr_ 47 IS. ['] To know sufficiently 

^i1*j soa tiibcablctodiicriminatet 
W>\^_i to recognise ; to know one 
person or thing from another ; to ac- 
knowledge that ore knowi or if 
concerned with . T5 jin $J 
a certain kind of wine. 

Jin chin 1 jjfl to recognise the truth, 

I ^ ^ 

denotes acting agreeably to it in 
one's public duty or pi -ivate con- 
cerns ; iii const, adMinction from a 
fallacious semblance merely. 

Jin slnh 1 "^ or reversed, To know ; 
to be acquainted with. 

Jin tsi"> ^y to acknowledge an 


Jin tsuy j j^ to confess one's CFttne. 

4714. Name of a wood, cer- 
tain slocks or manicles. 

4715. [/] A good kind 
of sword. Filled, stuffed) 
crammed ; overflown . 

4716. Appearance of gaz- 
ing ; gazing with indis- 
tinct vision or stupefac- 


4717. The name of a win- 
ter plant ; a plantnoxipus 
to man. 





4718. [f] To stumble and 
stammer in speech, difficulty 
of utterance; what is dif- 
ficult to be expressed. Speaking 
little, on purpose, and from a proper 
caution. Originally meant To dis- 
criminate j to recognize. 

4719. [ / ] A certain ap- 
par at us by which a cart or 
carriage is stopped; what- 
ever impedes or stops the motion of 

an object; to stop. FSjin ^5 

fj~* \ 

orKeujin -^F- 1 to remove that 
which stops; to set in motion; to 
begin to move. 

4T20. [ ' ] From Leather 
and hn ! ff. Flexible and 
strong j soft but not 
easily rent 

4721. An animal of the 

mouse species. 

4722. [\] Grain that re- 
quires thought and immedi- 
ate attention ; grain which 

is fully ripe; whatever has been ac- 
cumulating for a long time, whe- 
ther good or bad. 

Jin selh j ;3K: 1 fully acquainted 

Jin shuh lj ^J w jth. Fully ripe. 

Jin iuy M/l an a uudant har- 

Jin neen ]| 4E.J vest. 

Jin gS I iuf matured in the way 

I ;Ui 

of vice. 

4723. [ ' ] A good flavor or 
t..te; excellent. Maturely 
done; fully dressed appli- 
ed to the victims offered in sacrifice. 

4724. Name of a herb and 
of a tree. 


Manuscript Dictionary, ling. Canton Dialect, Ying. 

4725. JVae. A particle which 
continue* the preceding, and 
introdueei the following mem- 
ber of a lenience. 

4726. To lead ; to draw ; to 
bring near ; to keep in suc- 
cession ; to urge on; to 


4727. [-] According to; 
in consequence, and in 
imitation of; again ; as 

before. The name of a country. A 

7H again ; as before. 

Jing be j /2 still it is so. 

Jing jing 1 I appearance of disap- 

Jing jen | ^\ still ; yet ; continuing 
the same ; still as before. 

Jingkew | ^the same as of old; 
as formerly. 

Jing ke kew ^ itti according 

to what was formerly tlie case. 

Jing sun J& son of a great 


Jing jen she chay mo yang 1 
$ still it ia thus. 


472S. The name of a place. 

4729. The noise of beating, 
when rearing a mud wall. 
^'"BJ'iS ] I numerous; 

4730. Going to; arriving at; 
reaching or extending to a 
certain point ; referring to 

a given subject. 





Liable to be confounded with 3Jh. Manuscript Dictionary, Jc-. Canton Dialect, Yul: ; H'ak. 

4731. From the right hand 
and a plant. To pluck 
plants ; to accord with 
* / or yield to. So, as, if, 
,^J according to circum- 

>^V* J stances; perhaps. Used 
for Thou or You. Name of a plant ; 
a certain god of the sea. Applied 
to the year, and to a certain wood. 
The name of a river; a surname. 
Also read Jay, which see. Joo jS 
^P I if, supposing that ; since ; it 
seems ; as. Yen sih tsze J5 ^ 

"& Is! 1 '" s counlenance rema ' Q - 

ed full of self possession. 
J5 chay ' ;& if; perhaps ; should it 

J8 tsae tso woo ] |^- $$ '{^ if an- 

other error be committed ; or, if the 

case be again mismanaged. 

J5 ke |ijP<f. then; since it is 

I fy^* 


Jo pel 1 ffi of such, or of the same 

_|_J|-|U473a. JSlew ] ^ a species 

^V !' of the pomegranate. A large 

I * ~ tree possessing spiritual or 

divine efficacy ; hence large umbra- 

pcoiis trees are worshipped, and the 

names of the supplicants written on 

paper are pasted on them. 

T ART II. R 4 

4733. To take hold of with 
the mind. Read N8, To 
as-icnt, or affirm with the 
mind. Ch5 JS $4! 1 an unset- 
tled appearance. 

4734. The name of a 
plant, said to be nn 
evergreen, of the leaves 
men make baskets, or 
caps to keep off the sun ; 
and women use them to 
fill up the soles of shoes ; the leaves 
used to cover the leaden cannisters 
of the green teas; the skin of the 


4736. Name of a certain 
tree, said to grow spon- 
taneously towards the rising 
sun. According with what is right 
and reasonable; similarity amongst 
several in this respect; union of 
heart and virtuous sentiment, de- 
noted by the form of the character, 
which is made up of three hands. 
JS-muli tung fang tsze Jen che shin 

4737. The streaks or 1'mw 
on the skin of the sole of 
the foot. 

pjj ~fa JS-mHh a divine tree which 
grows spontaneously in the east. 

J--J -\ 4738. Weak; delicate: 
^j| soft ; pliable ; slender, ap- 

/ ^ plied either to the m 'ml, 

or body, or to inanima'.e 
objects; fragile; fading; 
ruined ; dead or lost. 
Shin te juen JS JJ% <f}$ ^ ] a 
weak delicate body. JowjS^^ j 
or Seen j5 j^j flexible and 

weak; a delicate female figu re. Fan 
JS 4& 1 a certain large tow. Che 
kej8 ( "^Jjp? | weakness of mind; 
without talent, limitless or resolution. 
J6 drill igi weak constitution. 

J8 lew ying fung ] ^ ^ Q, the 
delicate willow meets the breeze. 

J8 kwan j 4^- weak and capped 
the age of twenty. 

4739. J5 orNeaou, Waving 
in the breeze; tall and 
slender, applied to trees or 
to women; applied also to the v^- 
brations of sound. 

A bow weak on one 



4741. Read JS, The name 
of a river. Read Neih, or 
NeS, To sink; to drown; 
drowned in passion ; excessive at- 
tachment to. Read Neaou, To pass 



4742. Name of a particular 
kind of boat. 

4743. N' of a plant ; by 
some used a- an edible 


4744. The delicate skin, or 
lamina below the external 

4745. Name of a certain 


Manuscript Dictionary, Ju. Canton Dialect, Yu. 

-^4746. Ifeu. A womtn. 


4747. To measure ; to con- 

4 7 48. The name of a river 
in the north of China ; name 
of a Chow district, and of an 
ancient state. Occurs for -j Neu, 
A woman ; and is commonly used in 
books for Thou, they, you, a.i\At/our. 

Jookea j tjf your house. 

4749. Spoiled or rotten fish. 

4750. Name of an ancient 


4751. [-] As, according to, 
like, seeming as if, mauner. 
In this sense it sometimes 


follows two or more Adjectives ; to 
go towards ; the second lunar month. 
Used for ffjj Urh, in Joo kin 1 fy- 
now. Forms a part of several pro- 
per names. Szesze joo e lp i|j 
hn ]" every thing according to 
one's wishes. Leang joo ^Jj 
the name of a He'en district. 

Joo I t=i^ according to one's in- 

Joo-lae-fuh ] ^ /^ one of the 
names of Buddha ; the second of the 
triad who now rules over the world. 
as this ; thus. 

Joo tsze | 

Joo yuen ' 

Joo JS j ^ as if. 

Jooseaou urh chwang 1 
Seun seun joo yny 
like little children. 

according to one's 

4752. To equalise; to tran- 


4753. [-\ ] To imbibe 
gradually; to render 
damp, in a gradual man- 

4754. Name of an insect. 

. " 4755. [ ^ -] Name of a plan! -, 
plants whose roots run a- 
mongst each other, and be- 
come mutually entangled. Toeat;to 
eat or drink voraciously ; great eater ; 
to covet ; to act irregularly; soft, 
flexible ; to measure or conjecture. 
Forms a part of several proper names. 
Joo maou yin heui ^p' / pi' J][ 

to e;it hair and drink blood as men 
are supposed to have done in a 
savaje state. 


4756. Commonly read Na, 
To take hold of. Also read 
Joo, To grasp; to seize hold 


of; and Neu, To gripe and prerent 
being opened. 

4757. The name of a place. 

4758. [ - ] The name of a 

4759. Read Seu, That 
whi ch i s necessary ; viz. 
Rain. Stopped or im- 
peded by rain; to wait 
in doubt or hesitation. 
Some say, the second 
character is the vulgar form of the 
first. Others read it E, and define 
it, To tie and connect together. 
Read Joo, Soil slippery skin or lea- 
ther; soft in manner ;delieate; we:ik. 
Read Juen and Nwan, in a similar 

ffl 4760. Juen. Large atone 
end, and gradually termin- 
ating in. a hair, or beginning 
small and gradually in- 
creasing, applied to insects. 
Weak, flexible ; delicate. 
These lwi> and the two pre- 
ceding characters are often 
confounded in composition. 

4761. [ - ] Nee joo flg 
much talk; chattering. An- 
other definition is, To re- 



cull one's self when about to speak. 

Diltf = tz^ riK- 1 v 
m W M*m I Kow 

tseang yen urh nee joo, The mouth 
about to speak, and stopping itself. 

4762. JooorYu, A nece s- 
tary man. A scholar. A 
1 f- denomination <>f persons, 

who, in China, devote 
-] themselves to study. 
Originally their intention 
was, to improve themselves in morals 
and science; the object at present 
is, to acquire a place in the govern- 
ment. The Literati. Joo, denotes 
Soft, mild. A scholar teaches with 
softness and mildness. HeS chay 
che ching fej ~jjr ~/f fffi the de- 
nomination of the learned. Ta 
joo T^ a great scholar. SHh 

joo /te| J a scholar, himself a 
constellation. Tung joo ;S 
a thorough scholar. Ming joo 
; 1 a famous scholar. Pejoo 
jgj I a mean scholar. Heu joo 
JT1 I a vague scholar. Foojoo 
J^ a rotten scholar; i. e. one 
whose pretensions are unreal. Shoo 
joo -,',?" | a petty childish scholar. 
Hanjoop)K j a cold scholar; i. e. 
a poor scholar. Tung teen tejir, 
yue joo jjjfr J? J^ f^ [^j 
he, who understands heaven, earth, 
and man, is called Joo. Choo joo 

fil? 1 a man of low stature; a pillar 
l/i^ I 

Joo chay yy one who is learned ; 

a U-irned man. 

Joo keu 1 ||p[ a scholar versed in 
ancient and modern literature. 

Jookcaou I 7fl theseat of thelearn- 
I V* 



ed. The Confucian philosophy with 
all that has been since appended to it, 
a kind of materialism and atheism. 
Joo, Shih, Taou, san keaou J Jjjfe 
jij ::: jftr the literati, the religion 
of FBh, and the religion of Taou, 
constitute three forms of doctrine 
or s:'( K 

4763. Appearance of soft 
smooth skin or leather; 
soft, smooth. Synonimous 
with Ol Joo. Read Juen, To 
pierce or stab. 

4764. An infant at the 
breast ; attached to, as a 
child to its parent; to be 
attached or pertain to. 
A surname. Joo tsze 
| ^p a child. Joo 
title of officer's wives of 
the seventh degree of rank. 

I ff~ 476 5. [ - ] Read Joo, Juen, 

I Tjti Nwan, and No. Weak; ti- 

l*'rf morous. 

JoojS pjj "1 feeble; weak. 

Yungjoo jjjjl j / cither in body 
or mind. Flexibility ; weakness, 
incapacity. Tow joo '(Vj)?' to 

be afraid of; timorous. 

4766. [1 ] Jow, Juy, or 
Juen. To introduce or 
put forward something 
with the hand; lo stain 
or dye. Head \oo, To 
hold fast with the hand; 
To rub the hands in a dis- 
respectful manner before 
superiors. Read Now, 




Kow now J* to prevent an af- 
fair being opened up. 

^^j 4767. [-] Name of two 
V^EL different rivers. Thick and 
| JT|3 jelly-like, as dregs or forces; 
impeded in its course. Enriched 
with moisture; to sink or instil 
into; moist ned; new and gl .s>j; 
of a mild and forbearing temper; 
patient and enduring. Tranquil, 
composed slate. Read Jow and 
Juen, Soft, and enduring ; mild. 
Read Nwan, That which remains 
after washing; fceces. Read No, 
The appearance of water. Read E, 
The name of a river. 
Joojin 1 fij^ mild, soft, forbearing. 
Joo che jSj stopped, impeded, 
moving slowly; the flow obstructed. 

4768. Generous wine; thick ; 
substantial. Read Noo, In 
the same sense. 

4769. [] Short garments; 
warm and surrounding 
the loins. Joo kwa 1 
drawers or breeches. 

Han joo pP | T a garment intend- 

Kea joo EH > ed to absorb the 

Sin j o xg 1 perspiration. A 
kind of shirt. 

4770. Slight; tremulous mo- 
tion ; the motion of insects; 
the name of an ancient 

state. Joo tung 1 |Hj motion of 

477 1 . [ - ] The appearance 
of the hones of the arm ; 

fjfj the arm from the shoulder. 
Used for the preceding. Read Naou, 
The joint of the arm. 

4772. A fiery appearance ; 
the colour falling or fad- 

4773. Name of a fish said to 
have a human face. 

4774. JS-joo ipj| 
motion of the ear. 



4775. p] FromVoo,Toh*lch 
an egg, and Yih, .1 bird. 
Milk; tender; soft. The 
breast. Ying hae poo joo HSj 
7|T {@j an infant sucking the 
breast, Yang kaou kwci joo ~fe 

\f . p*/ \ 

3t- jffij" I the lamb kneels to suck. 
jtt *?** i 

is a phrase which is brought to illus- 
trate filial piety. New joo -it 
the milk of a cow. FeojooKC 1 
a glutinous substance white as milk, 
made from pulse, in common use 
amongst the Chinese. Teen joo -Ir 
j a certain star. Slit h chung joo 
~Jn 'raj 1 seems to denote certain 
crystallizations (probably stalactites) 
in the province of Kwang-se. Also 
read Jow. 

Joo chth 1 V-j' milk. 

Joo gow j flB a nurse. 

Joo heang I ^- oHbanum or gum 
rsin ; frankincense. 

Joo moo I -^ a wet nurse. 

Joo nae j ^ the breast; the milk 
of the breast. 

Joo- poo I ||m to give the breast to 
aa infant. 






Manuscript Dictionary, Jeu. Canton Dialect, Yow. 


4776. The foot of a brute 
treading oil the ground. 

fr-i 4777. Jow, or Juh, Flesh. 
I'yr^l See Juh. Jow yen 

^/esheyr, dull sighted, 
blind,used in the language 
of abuse; the eye of a 
common mortal ; not the 
clear sightedness of superior beings. 
Jow yen fan tae | BR R jjA 
fleshly eyes and a common womb, 
possessing all the weakness and 
imperfection of common humanity.. 

4778. A mild pleasing- coun- 

N 4779. [-J Wood that 
will bend and straighten; 
soft, flexible wood ; any 
thing soft, flexible, mild, 
yielding; submissive. 
To shew mildness and 
tenderness to. Plants newly budding 
forth; young plants. Name of a 
country. Jow jucn yu I ifjrjjj 
p|t soft speech ; in opposition to ^ 
P G5 kow, A mouth that utters 
MRT ii, s 4 

yicious and harsh grating words. 

Jow shun 1 @ soft, yieldine. 
I /'IK 

Jowjs I ws soft and weak. 

Jow kang ] [j]j|J soft and hard; flex- 
ible, unbending. 

Jow juen jin I ? A to shew kind- 
ness to strangers or foreigners; to 
cause them to live in peace and quiet. 

4780. A woman's name. A 
soft fascinating woman. 

4781. [ ' - ] Jow, or New. 
To bend with the hand ; to 
twist ; to work. To bend a 
piece of wood to make a harrow ; to 
bend or straighten wood by the 
application of fire. 
Jow kae 1 Hfl to twist open. 

Jow suy | T& to twist and break to 

47S2. Name of a plant. 

478S. Name of ariir. 

4784. Soft good land; the 
name of a place. 

4785. p] Mixed grain or food; 
to cat. To mix ; to blend, 
as red and white feathers. 

4786. Soft leather, 

4787. Good flesh meat; fat ; 
excellent; abundant. A 

mild pleasing countenance. 

4788. Fragrant soft vegeta- 
bles. Name of a particular 

4789. The name of an ani- 
mal. Read Naou, A rora- 
cious animal. Forms part 

of the name of an ancient state. 

4790. [ \ ] To tread with 
the feet of animals; to form 
a kind of hair cloth by tread- 
ing with the feet; to soften, OMJioist- 
en, applied to grain. 

4791 . Soft, malleable iron. 

4792. [ ' ] A certain ap- 
pendageof a carl or earring'- 

facilitate its progress through 
miry and over slippery places. To 
bend ; to crook; to tread upon. 

4793. A horse with a soft 
handsome mane. 

4794. Boiled or decocted rice. 
Mixed grain or food. 






J and V, as in French. Manuscript Dictionary ,Ju;i. Canton Dialect, Yuen. 

jffl4795. E, 9t I'rh. The inft 
hair, on the side of the cheek ; 
the whither ; a connective 

4796. From a hair and 
large. From beginnings 
small as a hair, gradually 
enlarging, as with some 

4797. Soft, flexible ; slip- 
pery. Compare with Joo. 


Slow, dilatory pro- 

4799. To pierce or stab. 

4800. Land by the side of a 
river; the ground without- 
side a city wall ; an open 

space for walking between two walls, 
inside the principal and external 
wall, but outside a low inner wall. 

Read No, Sandy ground. Also read 
Nwan, The land adjacent to a bank 
or river. Meaou juen yuen Jjjjjj 
J0 the space between the outer and 
inner walls of the temple. 

4801. Juen, or Nwan. 
\ ] Soft ; weak. Read No, 
Timorous ; apprehen- 
'] sive. Wei no S 
Fear, apprehension. 

4802. Juen or Juy, or Jue. 
To push ; to disturb ; to ap- 
ply the hand to and rub. 

\] 4803. A species of Pe- 
ziza. A fungus excre- 
scence that grows from 
wood, eaten by the Chi- 
nese ; otherwise called 
fa Jt Miih urh, ff'nod 
earn. Also a kind of 

4804. Fields below 
the walls of a city, the 
foot of a wall, vacant 
and unoccupied lands 

] outside a city wall. 
Also read No. 

4805. A valuable stone of a 
secondary class, 'white and 

4806. To move; to flutter, 
as insects. 

Juen shay 'j 9{ a snake, said to be 
of a reddish colour, found on trees. 

4807. To join the hem of a 
garment; to plat, to rumple, 
to braid. Read Nwan, Short 

drawers or other garments. 


4808. [\ ] A disease of the 
feet; a joint of the arm. 
Read E, broken bones and 

meat preserved in brine. Read 

N'wan, Weak, soft, flexible. 




480?. Name of a bamboo. 

4810. Soft; flexible; 
yielding, applied to 
the wheel of a carriage 

\ ] which is hung so as to 
humour the motion of 
the carriage ; applied 
to any thing that is 
weak and yielding, 
whether physically or 
morally. The second 
character is in most 
frequent use. 

Juen jS I |pj weak, delicate, soft, 

Juen keS jjjfl a inft foot ; a soft 
fellow, easily imposed on. 

4811. [ /] Soft malleable 

4812. Juen or Nwan, Pos- 
sessing a small property. 


Manuscript Dictionary, Jo. Canton Dialect. Yuk. 

48 IS. Joo, To bedew j to 
often ; to mollify. Read 
Juen or \waii, \Vt<ry 
residuum left after wash- 
ing any thing; fccces, 
thick sediment. To wash. 

4814. [-] To push or 
agitate any thing with 
the hand. Read Jun, To 
wipe or dust. Read Juy, 
same as the second cha- 
racter, see under Joo. 

481 5. From time and a rule ; 
he who lost the season of 
agriculture, was disgraced. 

To disgrace ; to put to shame ; to 
cause to descend to a lower place ; 
to corrupt; defile ; debauch. Ling 
juh $9 \ to disgrace; to insult, 
Sew-juh T& to make ashamed. 
Juh lin Ejfe to degrade another 

person by descending to one's low 
condition, the affected language of 
courtesy. Juh ma j JJ^j to rail 
at, abuse and insult. Juh shin 1 
' to disgrace; or defile one's person. 

4816. from woman and dis- 
graceful. Lazy ; indolent. 

^~ 4817. Anciently read Nun. 
A tribe of the Heung-noo 
^ll J? Tartars > mentioned 
in the time of the Tseen-han "off Tla 
(former Han.) ChS-juh ^ 
the appearance of commiseration 
or pity. 

4818. To cause shame and 
disgrace. A surname. 

4819. A certain jaYelin or 

4820. Juh, or Chen juh j| 
I a couch or mattress. 

% ^" 4821. Damp; moist; hot; 
vapourish ; thick and sa- 
voury food. Name of a 

4822. To dress a field ; t> 
- V remove weeds. 

4823. Adorned, ornamented 
with various colours. 

Jfih fan 

gaily variegated and 





Jfih Ucu B& to collect together 
I Jvi 

in numbers. 

4S2*. Jut), Niih, or Now, 
An instrument of husban- 
dry for hoeing or dressing a 
field ; to hoe, to weed, lo dress a field. 

Y- E 4823. Shoots from apparent- 
ly dead stocks j a rush of 
which mats are made, straw 
on which horses lie. Thick. Name 
of a country ; a surname. Chnhjuh 
-M- \ a fungus that grows out of 
dead bamboos which remain in the 

4826. A mat; a mattress; 
a couch. ReadNfih, Gar- 
ments for a little child 
Chen pih gf \ a kind of hair 

Jfih tsze ] -^- a mittress made of 
any materials ; a couch to sit on. 

4897. Dirty and Mack; a 
dirty scurf on the skin. 

4828. Juh or JTh, To enter ; 

^^^k to go into ; to put into ; to 

enter into one's possession ; 

to receive. To enter on an under- 


JBh he5 go to school; to 

begin to learn. 

Juh kwan j ^ to be confiscated to 

Juh kung 1 FJ to introduce tribute. 

JBh ting keu leaou | J^ ^ J 
went into a trance. 

Juh le j Jj to enter into reason ; 
to be reasonable. 

Juh sin /j5 to induce people to 
believe what one says. 

I J ^ "1 4?29. Flesh ; the flesh of 
Wjft^ I animals, soft, fat. Forms 

part of several proper 
names. Fci-jfih 3& 1 
flying flesh birds. 
Shejflh || j name 
of an animal. Toojdh -|- 1 
a certain sea animal. New jfili 
-tj- | beef. Yang j Qh ^ ] 

Juh hing j ]j-q punishment which con- 
sists in mangling the body. 

Juh sMh chay woo rath I < ~$jf 
i ^ F* 

iff. ^pt those who eat flesh have 
no black spots on their face. 
Juh sbih chay pe j ^ ^ ffi 
a great fleih-eater will be vulgar and 


Manuscript Dictionary, Jun. Canton Dialect, Yun. 

4830. [ > ] Jun, Chun, or 
Shun, From eye and ~p 
a branch, or something 
to ward off with. A 
species of shield ; to raise 
the eye and direct it; 
the name of an office; 
of a star; name of an 
ancient stute. Ri-ad Tun, 
A man's name. Maou jun ^f* 
a spear and a helmet ; to oppose and 

defend; to contradict one's self. Some 
read this Maou-tun. Chung jun TO 
1 a certain office about court. Tung 
jun ^J j brazen shields. Kow 

J" T1 M | certain railing around 
the Imperial gardens; nu eunuch 
who presides over them. 

4831. Jun or Shun, Certain 
transverse railing placed 
round an orchard or fruit 

garden ; a shield. To rouse j to excite. 
l-cd also to denote A kind of