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HARVARD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




BOUGHT FROM 
THE FUND BEQUEATHED BY 

HORACE DAVIS 

[A.B. 1S49, LL D. ;9U) 

OF SAN FRANCISCO 



FOR THE PURCHASE OF BOOKS RELATING TO THE 
NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN AND IT'S SHORES ' 



Ike 
Pacific Montkly 



Editea by WilKam Bittle Wells 



Volume XII 

July, 1904 > December, 1904 



Tht Pacific MontLly Publishing Co. 
Portland. Oregon 



U5 36S-d5',S0,5' 



MAY tt 



CH AS. E. LADD» Pfestdent 

J. THO RBURN ROSS, Vice President 

ALEX S WEEK, Secretary 

WILLIAM BITTLE WELLS, Manager 



Copyright, 1 904» by WiUiam Bittk Welk. 
AU Rights ReMrvcd. 



CONTENTS 

ACTION fcJ ^Keplaciug old 'department The Month) 298, 354 

Devoted to the world's most important activitieH. 
America's Greatest Irrigation Enterprise . E. G. Adamn 281 

Illustrated 

Angel in the Moon, The (Poem) Li8cht»u M.. Milli^i Sfj 

Archbishop's Mantle, The (Short Story; .... Loreiia M. Pago 232 

Artist of the Plains, An Kathryne Wilson 339 

Illustrated with drawings and photographs from paintings 

Awake (Poem) FloreiK-o May Wright 148 

Battleship **Oregon," The (Illustration) ' 7t> 

Before Love Came (Poem) Marion Cook Knight 140 

Better Way, The (Short Story^ Edna A. Needles 273 

Blossom Festival, The : . Debora Otis ir» 

Illustrated 

Boat Song (Poem) Maud Sutton 29 

Bucket Tramway, The Geo. M. Gage 149 

Illustrated 
<'ampu8 Day Edmond S. Meaiiy 138 

Illustrated 

Chief Whirlwind, t'matilla Keservation, Oregon . . 258 

Chinese Music and Musical Instruments Albert <t;il«' 161 

Illustrated 

(.'hinook Wind, The (Poem) W. C. Belt 99 

City Boys' Swimming Hole, The E. J. Bloom 145 

Illustrated 
< 'onfessions of a Strike-Breaker (Illustrated) .324 

A remarkable experience in the Chicago Butchers' Strike 
Deacon's Dilemma, The (Short Story) .... Erskine M. Hamilton 15 J 

Delayed Honeymoon, A (Short Story) Aloysius Coll 43 

Democratic Convention, The Charles Erskine Scott Wood 169 

Illustrated 
Development of the I"?^nited States Navy, The . Waldon Fawcett 77 

Illustrated 

Doubts (Poem) Florence Mav Wright 10 

Down ^*The Pike" T. R. MacMechen 30 

''Extra West, 667" (Short Story) Myrvin Davis 159 

Eye of Ganesha, The (Short Story) Eleanor M. Hiestand-Moore 100 

Footsteps in the Eoad (Short Story) . . . . E. Foltz 34r) 

Grain-Growing in the Pacific Northwest .... Rinaldo M. Hall 217 

Illustrated 
Hermitage, The 277 

The home of President Jackson' 

niustrated from photographs and paintings 

Hippy and the Boom (Short Story) F. Roney Weir 222 

Home of Paul de Longpre, The (Illustration) 106 

HUMOR (Department, replacing The Lighter Side) . Hugh Herdman 312, 368 

IMPRESSIONS (Department) Charles Erskine Scott Wood 

Advice to the National Democratic Convention (52); Responsibility for 

Vice (54); Bleeding Colorado (118); Meeting of the L. A. D. M. N. (119); 

The Turner Deportation Case (119); Politics is a Game (119); Divorce 

(120); The Congressional Committee of Marine (185); Colorado (185); The 

Assassination of Von Plehve (185); Bigotry (245); War (245); Morality 

(245); The Chicago Strike (246); Divorce Again (247); War and Its Costs 

(302); Advice to Aspiring Young Journalists (302); The North Sea In- 
cident (358); The Railroads and the People (358) 
Improvement of Nancy, The (Short Story) . Ina Wright Hanson 21J 

Indictment of Russia, An Wm. H. Galvani 3(i 

Klootchman and Pappoose ....... ISU 

Korean Art and Artists James Hunter Wells, M. D. 24 

Hlustrated from original paintings 
Les Martiques, France HH 

Drawii by Frank Du Mond 

LIGHT (Department) Albert E. Vert 307, 36:5 

LIGHTER SIDE, The (Department) Franklyn Godwyn 123, 188, 251 

LITERATURE (Department, replacing The Reader) . W. F. G. Thachor 305, 362 

Little Nonsense, A Franklyn Godwyn 57 

Love is Best (Poem) Robert Haven Schauffler 2l!» 

Luck of Sucker Creek, The Dennis H. Stovall 227 

Illustrated 
Making Decency Pay Jules Eckhart Goodman 267 

The Story of New Coney Island Illustrated 



CONTENTS— Concluded 

Memory's Lane (Poem) Agnes Lockhart Hughes 226 

Military Maneuvers at American Lake, The . . Gen. Thomas H. Anderson, 

U. S. A. (retired) 205 

MONTH, The (Department) . .48, 114, 180, 240 

Mountains, The — A Pastel Marion Cook Knight 37 

New York Subway, The O. R. Garland 214 

Illustrated 

October and Mt. Hood (Poem) Charles Erskine Scott Wood 276 

Hlustrated by Merle Johnson 

On the Shores of the Pacific Hugh Hordman 38 

Illustrated 

OPTIMISM (Department) 304, 361 

Ospowah's Good Medicine (Short Story) .... Benjamin Franklin Napheys 288 

Our Native Shrubs . . . . " William S. Rice ^ 156 

Illustrated 

OUR VIEW (Editorial Department) William Bittle Wells 

47, 113, 179, 239 

Oystering on the Pacific Coast M. H. Tabor 291 

Illustrated 
Paul de Longpre and His Beautiful Home .... Mary H. Coates 107 

Illustrated 

PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS (Department; illustrated) 

The Mayor of Tacoma (3); The World's Largest Ferry (4); Festival Hall 
(6); Golden Gate Park Museum (7); The Largest Incubator in the World 
(9); The Stage (10); Alexander Bell and His Kites (67); George B. Cor- 
telyou (68); Rock Squirrels at Cloud Cap Inn (70); The JPanama Commis- 
sion (70); Largest Generators in the World (72); ** Uncle Joe" Cannon 
(73); Russell Sage and Vacations (131); New Cruiser ** Calif ornia ' ' (132); 
The Torpedo-Boat (134); A Wave Motor (134); Woman Tennis Cham- 
pion (195); Paul Morton (197); Seattle's Chief of Police (198); Victor 
H. Metcalf (201); Oldest House in America (202); Monument to Abigail 
Adams (204); Greatest Ship Elevator in the World (259); Puzzle Pic- 
ture (259); Clearing Great Northern Track (260); Sinrock Mary (263); / 
Smokeless Powder (263); Japs en Voyage (263); Buildings at Lewis and v 
Clark Exposition (264); Senator Ankeny (265); Forestry Building (266); 
Recognized the Breed (315); Puzzle Picture (315); Rogne River Forest 
Reserve (316); Mt. Adams (316); Bremerton Navy Yard (317); Sacajawea 
and Captain Clark (318); Washington State Flower (318); Three Genera- 
tions of Millionaires (319); Wo-ho-pum (320); Smallest Restaurant in the 
World (321); The ** Nebraska'' (321); Rogue River Natural Bridge (322); 
George Rogers Clark' (323); Shoshone Falls, Idaho (322) 

Pick of the Litter, The (Short Story) Egbert Field 280 

Playhouse, The A. Garland 94, 235 

Hlustrated 

Potter's Vessel, The (Short Story) Alovsius Coll 294 

PROGRESS (Department) ' . 59, 125, 190, 253, 308, 364 

Devoted to the Growth and Development of the West 
Illustrated 

READER, The (Department) Franklvn Godwvn 57, 121 

W. F. (}. Thaeher 186, 249 

Rear Admiral John G. Walker 2 

Rest on the Flight to Egypt 314 

From the painting by B. Plockhorst 
Samuel C^uigg's Experiment (Short Story) . . . E. P Josenhans 333 

Sculptor's Conception of Sacajawea, The .... 86 

Illustrated 

Site of Fort Clatsop . . P. W. Gillette 92 

Illustrated 

Square Thing, The (Short Story) Eleanor M. Hiestand Moore 11 

Strange Legend of the Double Shadow, The . . . F. H. Savior 220 

Illustrated 

*'Swinimin' Hole" Pictures 154- 155 

Tempered Wind, A (Short Story) . . . . C. E. Adams 141 

Tepees, The — Umatilla Reservation 194 

Truth (Poem) Donald A Eraser 160 

VIEWS (Editorial) William Bittle Wells 297, 353 

Replacing **Our View" 
White Lady, The (Storv in Two Parts) .... Carl Louis Kingsburv 

Part I . * . 19 

Part II • S8 

White Winged Fleet, The William Lovoll Finley 349 

Hlustrated with photographs by Herman T. Bohlman 





HS^^E^^^I 




Hly 


^BB^^^HHUi 





WE CAN PRON/ 

That the SOUTHERN MUTUAL INVESTMEN 
furnishes the most profitable investment, coi 
of any institution in the United States. Wr 

SCHAEFER & HARDER, 

313 FAILING Building, Pof 



PROFITABLE IN\ 

On the Pacific Coast. A Satisfactory 

Security of your Money absolutely G 

small— none too large. Capital $io,ooo,oog 

Equitable Savings (Bb Loan Assn., < 



TRY U 
City Messenger & 

106 Sixth street, Pc 
Ring Up PHONC MAIN 2 



If yon want a prompt, bright and tmstwoi 
MESSENGER BOY for any kind of service, 
have packages or other goods requiring a LAB 
or SMALL WAGON for the delivery of sami 




PROMP 
REASONAB 
RELIABl 



PIANOS « C 

NO home shoirid be without a pia 
happiest where music is one of the 
Pacific Coast is in a position to fu 
and on such reasonable terms as w 
reputation, such as Knabe. Steck. Hi 
bury and the Estey. Mason & H 
charcfe no more for them than ot 
small payment down and you can 
and can have the use of it whil 

Write. /for catalogues 

ALLEN & GILBERT -F 

COR. 6TH & MORRISON STS., PORTLAND, ORE. 




us 3GS'05'. ao.s' 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 



Edited by WilKam Bitde Welk 



The entirt contents of this Magazine are covered by the general copyright and articles must not be reprinted 

without special permission. Extracts from articles may be made provided proper 

credit 4s given THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 

CONTENTS FOIL JULY. I904 

BBAB ADMIRAL JOHK O. WALKES (Frontisplce) 
PEOPLE-PLA0ES-THINGH9 (lUastrated) 8-10 

Mayor of Tacoma. 

The World's Largest Ferry. 

Festival HalL 

Golden Gate Park Museum. 

Largest Incubator in the World. 

The Stage. 

THE SQUARE THINO (story) .... Eleanor M. Heistand-Mooro 11 
THE BLOSSOM FESTIVAL Debora Otis 16 

Illustrated. 
THE WHITE LADY (story) .... Carl Louis Kingsbury 10 

In two parts. Part I. 
KOREAN ART AND ARTISTS .... James Hunter WeUs, Bl D. 24 

Illustrated from original paintings. 

BOAT SONG (poom) Maude Sutton 29 

DOWN "THE PIKE" T. R. Mac Mechen SO 

Illustrated. 
THE ANOEL m THE MOON (poem) Ltscben M. BCiller 85 

AN INDICTMENT OF RUSSIA .... Wte. H. Oalvani 86 

TH E MO UNTAINS— A PA ST EL . Marion Oook Knight 87 

ON THE SHORES OF THE PAdFIO . Hugh Herdman 88 

Illustrated. 
A DELAYED HONETMOON (story) Aloysins OoU 48 

DOUBTS (poem) Florence May Wtigbt 46 

DEPARTMENTS 

OUR VIEW William Bittle Wells 47 

THE MONTH 48 

IMPRESSIONS O. E. S. Wood 62 

THE READER W. F. O. Thacber 55 

A LITTLE NONSENSE Franklyn Godwyn 57 

PROGRESS .... 

An Outpost of Empire Herbert Outbbert 59 

Oregon Summer Resorts. .... Bruce Wolyerton 64 



TKRMS t~$1.00 a year In advance; 10 cents a copy. Subscribers should remit to jus in P. O. or 
express money orders, or In bank checks, drafts or registered letters. 

CHANGES OP ADDRESS.— When a change of address is ordered, both the ntvf 

and the old address must be given, and notices sent three weeks before the 

change is desired. 
WHO IS AUTHORIZED TO TAKE SUBSCRIPTIONS.— All booksellers and 

postmasters arc authorized to receive subscriptions for The Pacific Monthly. 

In addition to these, the magazine is securing representatives in every city 

on .the Pacific Coast, and these and our regular traveling representatives 

are authorized to solicit subscriptions. 
MEN AND WOMEN WANTED.— We are looking for a number of enthusiastic 

and energetic men and women to represent the magazine. Our proposition 

is unusually attractive. Write for it to-day. 
CORRESPONDENCE should always be addressed to The Pacific Monthly. 

Chamber of Commerce Building. Portland, Oregon, and not to individual 

members of the firm. 

(Elpiiiibrr of (Soiinimrrf ValUktitB :: |lortbut2i. <9r»||ott 



CHAS. E. LADD. President 

J. THORBURN ROSS. Vice President 

ALEX SWEEK. SecreUry 

WILLIAM BITTLE WELLS. MAnsffer 

GEO. M. GAGE. Assisunt Manager 



Copyright. 1904. by William Bittle Wells 
Entered at the PottofRce of Portlend, Oregon as second-class matter. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVBETISING SECTION 

All are 

agreed now-a-days 



that life insurance is one of the necessities of our strenuous life* 

The time has passed when it was necessary to convince any busi- 
ness man that he ought to have his life insured* 

It is simply a question now of what company^ what benefits are to 
be derived^ what amount to be insured for. 

There are many ^^good and sufficients^ reasons why 

THE MASSACHUSETTS MUTUAL LIFE 

offers the most exceptional proposition of any life insurance company in 
the world. 

All we ask you to do is to let us tell you about them. 

Fill out the blank and mail it to us today. 

It is a business proposition to business men. 



H. G. COLTON, 

General Mgr. for Pacific CoasL States 
Chamber of Commerce BuQding 
PcHtland, Oregon 




San Frandtco, Colifoniia 
Seattle, WMhington 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEETISINQ SECTION 



EUGENE 

BUSINESS 

COLLEGE 



F. S. HAROUN, President 



A Thoroughly Modern 
Btssiness G>lleget preparing 
young men and young 
women for business life 



EUGENE, OREGON 



Portland Academy 

The sixteenth year will open September 19, 1904. 

The Academy proper fits boys and girls for college. 

A primary and grammar school receives boys and 
girls as eariy as the age of 6, and fits them for the 
Academy. 

A gymnasium in charge of a skilled director Is on 
the Academy grounds. 

The Academy opened in September. 1902. a boarding 
hall for girls. The hali is at 191 Eleventh street, and 
is under the immediate supervision of Miss Colina 
Campbell. 

For Catalogue or further information, address 

Portland Academy, Portland, Ore. 



Behnke-Walker 
Business College 

l^ranu Vlnrk. Portlattd, (^. 

We atuft our graduates in finding positiont as 
well as giving tnem the necessary qualifications. 
Special inducements to enroll now. Send for 
catalogue. Phone Main 390. 



I. 



H. W. Behnke, Pre*. 
I. M. Walker. Sec'y. 



JN. 




Hill Military 
Academy 

Portland, Oregon 

Boarding and Day School for iMys 



The success and high standing of many hundreds of 
Dr. Hill's former pupils and graduates during the last 24 
years Indicate the merit of his methods. 

Manual Training, Classical, College and Business 
Courses. For catalogue, address 

DR. J. W. HILL. Principal 



St. Helen's Hall 

PORTLAND, OREGON 

Classes in Art and El- 
ocution form Wednesday 
Oct. 1st. Art under di- 
rection of Miss Geofgina 
Bums, Art Students* 
League, New York. El- 
ocution, Miss Ethel 
Webb, of London, Eng. 

Circulars upon application to 

Miss Eleanor Tebbetts, Principal 




PALO ALTO, CALIFORNIA 

Preparatory to Stanford 



» > ♦ < » 



Certificate admits to Medical Schools and Eastern 
Universities. A modern equipment that contains ev- 
erything helpful to study, essential to health, and 
conductive to comfort. Situated near a great Univer- 
sity, its young men catch the spirit and meaning of 
education. Junior department, with manual training. 
12th year begins August 22. 

James Lreroy ulxon, A. B., Prln. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly 



Ws\t Soar Polgtfrlfttir SnatitutF 

Devoted to ail branches of Engineering Science. Mechanical, 
Electrical and Civil. Architecture & Chemistry. Thorough in- 
struction, practical work. Courses under direction of specialists 
22d year. Send for caitalogue. 

C. L. MBBS. Pre*., Box H.. Terre Haute. Indiana. 

To Introduce our Music g^ 

10 late Popular Songs and Music \^ 

E. ARGO PUB. CO.t Box 447, Chicago. ML CT8. 

EDWARD HOLMAN 

Undertaker, Embaimer, 
and Funeral Director 

Experienced Lady Assistant 
220-222 Third Street PORTLAND. ORB. 

when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEBTISING SECTION 



I Special attention given to Collections Established 1859 

LADD (/h TILTON 

Transact a General Banking Business 

PorUand, Oregon 



A. L. MILLS - Prtsident W. C ALVORD Assistant CaskUr 

J. W. NEWKIRK Cashisr B. F. STEVENS 2nd Assistant Caskisr 



First National Bank 

OF PORTL.AND, OREGON 

Oldest National Bank on the Pacific Coast 



Capital $ 500.000.00 

Sorphis 900,000.00 

Dqtosits A,250,000.00 



Designated Depository and Financial Agent 
United States 



CORNER FIRST AND WASHINGTON STREETS 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisen. It will be a|»|»rcciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVBBTISINQ SECTION 






J. C. AiNSWORTH. President 
W. B. Aybr. Vice-President 



R. W. SCHMEER. Cashier 
A. M. Wright, Asst. Cashier 



1& United States National Bank 



Capital, ^300,000 Surplus and Profit, J 100.000 Deposits, ^2.600.000 
WANTS GOOD BUSINESS UPON SUBSTANTIAL ASSETS 

PORTLAND, OREGON 



Gives personal attention to the needs 
and requirements of every account 



C. F. Adams. President 

R. G. JUBITZ, Secretary 



L. A. Lewis. 1st Vice President 
A. L. MILLS. 2d Vice President 



266 Morrison Street, Portland, Oregon 



Interest Paid on Savings Ac- 
counts and on Time Certificates 
of Deposit. 

Directors— C. A. Doiph. L. A. Lewis, 
Joseph Simon. A. L. Mills. C. F. Adams, 
J.N. Teal. James F. Failing. 



9Uttm9tA of (EimikitUisu i§ttahn 1, 1003 

RESOURCES 

Loans $1310322J0 

Bonds... $8^.904.91 

Premiums 1.242.93 872.147.84 

Cash and due 

from correspondent s 820.674.12 
$3,503,144.26 



LIABILITIES 

Capital $250,000.00 

Surplus and 

undivided profits .... 96.SS6.88 
Deposits 3.1S6.S87J8 



$3,503.14426 




OBEIIOII SimiiSli BBRE 

of Portland, Ore., in Marqnam Bldg. 
SIXTH AND MORRISON STS. 



CAPITAL 9100,000.00 

OPPICCRS 

L. O. Ralston. Prest. William Ralston. V. Prest. 
W. Cooper Morris, Cashier 

Save the Dimes and the Dollars 
will take care of themselves. It is 
not what you earn, but what you ^ 

save that leads to wealth. 












Tod Have tue im ! we Have tue leg ! I 

4 per ct. interest paid on Savings Deposits, com- 
pounded semi-annually. 2 per ct. interest 
on checking accounts. 

This bank has made arrangements with W. F. ^-e/ ^4,1 

BURNS CO., of Chicago, to adopt its system r^ ^ ^^ 

of Home Savings Banks. It will furnish one rf^ u 

to anyone who will deposit $1— credit for jJ^ ^^Vo 

the $1 to be given In a pass book. ^ v^ 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— AIXV EKTISIWO SECTION 




Most Modern and Up-to-date 

Hotel In Spokane 

Rooms single or en suite 

with private bath 



Ewniiffui IHsti 

Rates $1 and up. Elegant 
Cafe In connection 



l|0tel Btrtnria 



Large Sample Rooms for 
Commercial Men 



Spokane, Wash. 



THE SARATOGA HOTEL CO. 

EUROPEAN P LAN CALDWELL, IDAHO R. V. SEBREE. M«r. 

Opened to the public March 1 5th Hot and cold water in every room 



THE KLOEBER. 

Hotel and Sanitarium ^& Green River Hot Springs 



Most Perfeiftly Appointed Health and Pleasure Resort in the West» 




HE development of "THE KLOEBER" has reached a degree 
of excellency that places it superior to any place of the kind in the 
West and amongst the leading health resorts of the world. Steam 

' heated and electric lighted throughout, with all the approved 

appointments of a modem institution, it is an ideal place for those desiring 
either rest, the restoration of health and strength, or merely pleasure. The 
waters are fsonous for their medicinal qualities. On main Ime of N. P. Ry. 
63 miles from Seattle and Tacoma. Q For further information address 

J. S. KLOEBER. M.D.. Green River Hot Springs, Wash. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEBTISING SECTION 



I 




TACOWAh WASHINGTON 

HfadquarttTs for Tnurists and Commercial 
Travelers 

AMERICAN PLAISf S3. 00 PER DAY UPWARDS 

W, B. BLACKWELL, Manager 



THE 

WASHINGTON 



liiiilii(liii»|»'ig 



MM 



'OliiJ 



ili :|l 



jri; 




ThtfipeTitrTf C5f THE WASHlNOTON" marks an era Iti 1 he hotel history lif the Pacific Ccwsi. 

Thts splenJfJ tiosielrv is beju^l fully ^iiu^TeJ. commanAinx one nf The fnest vjcfw^ rh^t 

fan be tibi.-ijnc*d from any Pimtel m the wortd. K^erythJne conntcleJ vftli th# h"(^?^ 

Is iTiomu^hty firsi tias^i* nti cffori havina been sp»ireJ ttj oUflin (his tfn4. 

Pjidfic Northwest hPjtdauariprs fnr touHst^ flnd rnmmercMI traverers 

SEATTLB. WASHINGTON 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with adTcrtiaera. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVBRTISINQ SECTION 







;^^|^|||||jt 




PiRBBOAT Geo. H. Williams 



TT>e Design 
'and ManufsLchre of 

MARINE and 
STEAMBOAT 

Machinery 



is a specialty with us. In 
work so important as this 
it is a crime to furnish any- 
thing which is not strictly 
hi^h grade. It doesn't re- 
quire any more than a little 
inquiry to determine that 
we are 



Not Guilty 






Rear Admiral John O. Walker, whom the President has appointed as head of the Panama 
Canal Commission. Admiral Walker has been identified with the matter of the isthmian canal 
OTer sinoe the Ooremment assumed an interest in the question. He was a member of the com- 
mittee investiffatlnff the Panama and Nicara^a routes, and his selection as chairman of the 
Canal Commission was a lo^oal one. 




Volume XII 



JULY. 1904 



Number 1 



PEOPLE— PLACES THINGS 



Tkc Mayor of Tacoma 

GEORGE P. WRIGHT, recently 
elected mayor of the City of 
Tacoma, Wash., is, compara- 
tively, a young man — as office- 
holders go. Not until 1905 
will he have completed two score of years. 
But young men are the fashion, now-a- 
days, for mavors, as witness McClellan 
of New York, Rolla Wells of St. Louis, 
and a host of others. 

Mr. Wright has lived in Washington 
ever since he attained his majority. Like 
80 many other of our men of prominence, 
he started on his career by teaching school, 
his first engagement being at Spokane. 
Later he turned to grain and stock rais- 
ing, which vocations he followed until 
1897, in which year he was appointed 
grain inspector of the state. This position 
brought him to Tacoma, where he became 
interested in the wholesale business of 
Love-Johnson Company, of which cor- 
poration he became secretary. 

Mr. Wright was elected mayor upon the 
Democratic ticket by a majority of 660, 
as against a normal Republican majority 
of 1200. In the election, party lines were 
largely disregarded, and Mr. Wright re- 
ceived the earnest support of the solid, 
mercantile interests of the city. The new 



mayor is in ijo sense a politician, but a 
sound, experienced business man, who may 
be expected to govern the city, not for the 
selfish gains of a party machine, but for 
the best interests of the people. 




Wriffht, 



Taooma. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 




ronr-horae hvrdliiiff— one of the circus fe&ts performed by the caTalrymen at Fort Myer, near 

Waahin^n, D. C. 



Tkc World's Largest Ferry 

It is claimed by those who are in posi- 
tion to know that the "Solano/^ the big 
railroad transport on the line of the 
Southern Pacific, and used by this com- 
pany to transport trains across the head of 
San Francisco Bay, between Port Costa 
and Benicia, is the largest ferryboat in 
the world. The Solano makes possible a 
cut-oflE across the bay, saving a long de- 
tour, and shortening the route between 
San Francisco and Portland on this line 
of the Southern Pacific. The big ferry 
has been in commission for a number of 
years, and has rendered excellent and sat- 



isfactory service. The ferry is 425 feet 
in length and nearly half as wide. It has 
1600 feet of track room, and can easily 
accommodate two passenger trains of ten 
or twelve coaches each. The landing, both 
at Port Costa and Benicia, is a slip into 
which the ferry fits snugly, and the ap- 
proach, or apron, is made movable by 
hydraulic power so that the ends of the 
track may be brought to the same level 
as the floor of the ferry. This is made 
necessary by the rise and fall of the tides. 
It is exhilarating — ^this thirty-minute 
journey across the bay, and it is one of 
the pleasant and interesting features of 
the trip over the Southern Pacific route. 




The lar^it ferry in the world — plying in San Fraaoiioo B9J, 



S^ 




^•"leuJ Geoilffe '^' 



D»vi*. T^- S. A. (retired), the * ecofld member af th* P^n*m^ Ciin»l Cammi..i«i., 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




ft 
S 



-a 

o 

s 



I 

I 

§ 

o 

s 

H 

► 



Festival Hall and tke 

Cascade Gardens at 

tke World's Fair 

No picture can do justice 
to this magnificent feature 
of this greatest of the 
World's expositions. The 
picture here given shows a 
stretch of a quarter of a 
mile while the extension of 
the gardens to left and right 
embraces nearly a half mile. 
From the rock floor of the 
basin from which the pho- 
tograph is taken, to the top 
of the dome on Festival 
Hall, the height is 275 feet. 
The lower weir of the cen- 
tral cascade is 160 feet 
across. The restaurant pia- 
vilions at either side are 
each 130 feet in diameter 
and 140 feet high. The col- 
onnades of the States above 
the gardens are each 400 
feet long and 52 feet to the 
cornice line. The great 
seated figures of women, 
each representing one of the 
fourteen states of the Louis- 
iana Purchase, are made 
upon a scale of 20 feet high, 
if standing. This ornate 
centerpiece of the World^s 
Fair represents an expendi- 
ture of one milKon dollars, 
the statuary costing over 
$50,000. Here the visitor 
may see some of the finest 
specimens of modem sculp- 
ture. 

The Festival Hall has a 
seating capacity of 3,600 
and contains the largest pipe 
organ in the world. Here 
the orchestra concerts and 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS. 



organ recitals are to be held throughout 
the Exposition. Beneath the Festival 
Hall are beautiful grottoes. 

The grand basin in the foreground is 
a part of the extensive water system of tho 
World^s Fair. To the right of the observer 
are lagoons extending more than half a 
mile around the Palace of Electricity, and 
to the left are other lagoons encircling 
the Palace of Education. Behind the 
observer at the north end of the Grand 
Basin is the Plaza of St. Louis, in which 
stands the Louisiana Purchase Monument 
and important statuary groups. 



Golden Gate Park Mvuseum 

The most interesting feature of the 
many interesting features of Golden Gate 
Park, San Francisco, is the Museum. It 
is not only California's greatest museum, 
but there is none other in all the West 
to compare with it. The building itself, 
being modeled after the old Grecian style 
of architecture, is a thing of beauty, but 
it is the contents of the Museum that gives 
it its worth. Hundreds of thousands of 
dollars have been expended in collecting 
the vast display of wonderful, curious and 
costly exhibits that the Museum contains, 
nnd all corners of the world have been 




Thm EmprMS of Japan. Her Majesty is a leader in movoments to improve the condition 
of the women of her cotintry, and is the patroness of many charities. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Th« Gk>ldto Gate Park Moieiim at Ban Franoisoo, the most beautiful and best equipped moieum 

weat of the Rocky Mountains. 



scoured. There are mummies there that 
were first laid away in the Egyptian 
tombs 1500 and 2000 years before Christ, 
and coins that date back to as remote an 
age. There are rare old tapestries, laces, 
paintings, and gold and silverware, to say 
naught of the marvelous productions of 
all these by the masters of the present. 



There is a typical old colonial kitchen, 
with its low ceiling and ponderous beams, 
its big fireplace and crane, its pots and 
kettles and pewter ware; also a "Dutch 
living-room," with its polished oak floor 
and curtained bed. The great collection 
of statuary and the relics from Pompeii 
are themselves enough to fill a museum. 




The Japanese destroyer Esquonmo. 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS. 



But it is only a small part; and nothing 
has been said of the Oriental, Indian, and 
a host of other exhibits. Califomians 
have, indeed, a right to be proud of 
Golden Gate Park, but, above all, proud 
of the great museum the park contains. 



jacket stove located at one end. It is 
intended to keep the heat at a temperature 
of about 103 degrees, and should it in- 
crease there is a throttle arrangement that 
shuts off the draft of the stove, while at 
the same time a cold air draft is opened. 




The luveit incubator in the world, with a oapaoity of 7,500 en«. 



Tkc Liar^est Incubator in tkc World 

An incubator is really a chicken factory, 
and the largest machine of this kind in 
the world is located at Ransomville, N. Y. 
This wonderful incubator will hold 7,500 
eggs, which makes its output capacity 
of young chicks nearly 300 a day. It is 
51 feet long, and four feet four inches 
wide. There are 50 compartments, 24 
inches square, and each compartment holds 
two trays that will contain 75 eggs apiece. 

The inventor of this machine is W. P. 
Hall, of Pembroke, N. Y., and he has so 
designed it that it is kept warm by a hot 
water system, which is operated from a 



Estimating that the normal hatching 
season extends from March 1 to August 1, 
a period of 153 days, this incubator could 
be filled seven times, calling for 52,500 
eggs. A 50 per cent hatch would give 
over 26,000 chicks, and a 75 per cent hatch 
would mean over 39,000 chicks. If you 
were to place 15 eggs under each hen, it 
would require 3,500 hens to incubate 
52,500 eggs. Thus, a man with one of 
these mammoth incubators starts out with 
the hatching capacity of a very large flock 
,of hens, and after the first 21 days, he 
could have little chickens every day in 
the year. 





Touth and old a^o on the sta^e. Ireno Bentley U a olever and fascinating aotreu in oomedy 
rolei. Mn. Oilbort ii the oldest woman on the stave, and is now starring in a play writ- 
ten especially for her by Clyde Fitch. 



THE SQUARE THING 

1 ne story or a trained nuroe and a football playex — a cnance acquaintance on tne high. 

aeaa, and tke bappy outcome 

By Eleanor M. Hiestand^Moore 



FOR three years Ellen Floyd had 
been nursing neurasthenics and 
the worry of it had worn her out, 
so that when she boarded the Ul- 
laloa, she wanted to be let alone. 
In Hawaii she hoped to find rest and 
peace for a certain season and she had no 
mind to be agreeable to her fellow-passen- 
gers. The man who kept watching her 
as she sat on the forward hatchway, looked 
ill, and he wore a bandage over one eye, on 
which account Ellen made up her mind 
not to take the least notice of him. 

Yet the news she was reading did not 
interest her. The paper was full of un- 
pleasant things, not the least of which 
was an account of the intercollegiate foot- 
ball game. Ellen knew Gresham, the half- 
back of the Occidentals, and the way he 
behaved was scandalous. After the riot 
with the rival team, Gresham had gone 
to jail for smashing somebody^s head in 
the lobby of the theater, and there was 
another fellow with him who had half- 
killed a policeman. 

'Ifs simply disgusting!^' she observed, 
tossing the paper away. "I am sorry he 
escaped. If I were the mayor — " 

A breeze, catching up the paper, whirled 
it away right into tiie lap of the man who 
sat near her. He muttered something in 
an angry tone, and crumpling up the 
sheet, he tossed it overboard with such a 
show of temper that Ellen burst out 
laughing. 

"I — I beg your pardon I" he said, with 
sudden contrition. "I hope you had fin- 
ished with it !" 

Ellen rose, shrugging her shoulders. 

"It is customary to ask first,'' she ob- 
served, noting the flush of shame on the 
man's face. 

"It was rude, I know," he admitted. "I 
ought not to have taken such a liberty." 

He certainly ought not, Ellen reflected, 
but she was well accustomed to the churl- 
ishness of invalids, and, as a matter of fact, 



she didn't care about the paper. She had 
decided to snub him at supper, but he sat 
right opposite her at the Captain's table, 
and, though she had hardened her heart, 
he appealed to her professionally. 

"Pulse about 90," she concluded; "tem- 
perature 101 degrees. He ought to be in 
bed." 

He was a tall, athletic fellow who was 
probably handsome at his best. But now 
he was pitifully pale, and his eyes were 
dull and full of weariness. He ate prac- 
tically nothing. 

"You look rather knocked up, Mr. 
Bentley," said the Captain kindly. "What 
happened to your head?" 

He flushed quickly. 

"Nothing of consequence," he replied, 
with nervous precipitation. "A cut across 
the temple, thaf s all. It don't amount to 
much, but it has given me a nasty head- 
ache." 

He hated to have Ellen look at him, 
somehow, and she punished him with 
studied attention. 

"Did I understand you were a doctor ?" 
asked the Captain, turning to her with 
curious inadvertence. 

"Oh, no !" said EUen. "Only a trained 
nurse." 

"I'll bet you're a good one," observed 
the Captain bluntly. "Don't you think 
Mr. Bentley ought to go to bed?" 

Ellen looked the patient over. 

"I think it might improve his temper," 
she said coolly, and Bentley was forced to 
smile. 

It was rough weather, and the Ullaloa 
pitched a good deal. Ellen went to bed 
early. She had not counted on getting up 
again, but the cabin boy came after her in 
great excitement. The gentleman in No. 
17 had slipped down the gangway and cut 
himself terribly. It was Bentley whom 
Ellen found bleeding, for the wound in 
his temple had opened afresh and the 
hemorrhage that followed was dangerous. 



12 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



"There isn't a doctor on board," he said 
faintly. "If you can do anything — I shall 
be very much obliged.^' 

Ellen went to work in a deft and capa- 
ble way. Aside from the hemorrhage, the 
ugly gash was in a bad condition. It had 
evidently been neglected. Little red lines 
had begun to radiate across the forehead 
and down towards the ear. The blood that 
was flowing from a small branch of the 
temporal artery was washing away a yel- 
low crust from the ragged wound. 

"Who dressed this in the first place?'' 
Ellen demanded peremptorily. "Certainly 
not a doctor!" 

"I did," said Bentley. "It— it didn't 
seem worth while fussing over." 

"It's a septic wound," Ellen said 
abruptly, but Bentley did not realize 
what that meant. She stopped the bleed- 
ing, but when the Ullaloa landed at 
Hawaii, Bentley had to be taken to the 
hotel on a stretcher. 

"I presume. Miss Floyd," said the Doc- 
tor, "that you realize the serious nature 
of the case. We shall have to take the poor 
fellow to a hospital, and yet I hate to move 
him with such a temperature." 

"I'll nurse him," Ellen said quietly, 
and the Doctor said under that arrange- 
ment he might pull through. 

"I think we ought to write to his fam- 
ily," observed .the Doctor, but Ellen ex- 
plained that she had been unable to find 
any address, and Bentley was now delir- 
ious. In the course of a few days there 
was a cable message for the sick man, but 
it gave no clue to his relatives. It read 
simply: "No worse," and was signed 
"Cham." Another message of the same 
pur|jort came the day following, and 
others followed daily, reporting in detail 
the condition of some one who was dan- 
gerously ill. When Bentley struggled 
feebly back to the world to which he had 
been oblivious for weeks, there was a large 
bundle of cable dispatches which Ellen 
had filed carefully. 

The first thing he remembered — ^the 
thing he never forgot afterwards — ^was 
Ellen, moving noiselessly about the room 
in her pale blue gingham and the white 
apron whose long, neat strings were tied 
in a pretty bow at the back of her slim 
waist. The deft, white hands that band- 
aged his head every morning were tender 
and soothing, and the brown hair waved 
very prettily under the frill of Ellen's 



cap. Bentley liked to look at her, as he 
did for hours, in silence — ^looked at her 
with such a sense of secure reliance that 
he felt as though his very existence de- 
pended on that quiet, capable presence. 

"I am glad to see you looking so well 
this morning," she said brightly. "You 
are getting along finely." 

Bentley^s eyes wandered from Ellen's 
cheerful face to the flowers in the win- 
dow — great white Hawaiian lilies that 
were blooming in a pot. The soft air 
drifted in, stirring gently the white- 
frilled curtains. Bentley heard the swish- 
ing of the sea and the mellow hum of na- 
tive voices in the street below. 

"Where are we ?" he asked feebly. "I — 
I have forgotten." 

"In Honolulu," Ellen said briskly. 
"You were taken sick, you know, on board 
ship on the way out from San Francisco. 
You cut your head, and you have had a 
bad case of blood-poisoning, but I am 
happy to say you are getting all right 
again." 

"Am I?" said Bentley vaguely. 'T)id 
you take care of me ? Oh, yes ! I know 
you did. You have been here — ages! I 
hope you are never going away." 

Ellen laughed. 

"I shall probably stay for some time 
yet," she said pleasantly, and then Bent- 
ley seemed all at once to stumble on the 
track of memory. 

"Tell me !" he cried with great excite- 
ment, ^Tias any message come for me?" 

"I should say so!" Ellen exclaimed. 
"There, lie down. It isn't good for you 
to get excited. Here is a whole bundle 
of cable messages. You can read them 
after awhile, and here is the last that came. 
I have not opened it." 

Bentley seized the envelope eagerly and 
tore it open with trembling fingers. A 
low cry burst from his lips and he fell 
back upon the pillows, sobbing. 

"Is it bad news?" Ellen asked 
anxiously. 

"No, thank God!" he cried. "Tim 
Welsh is back on the police force again." 

Ellen waited for him to say something 
more, but he did not speak of the matter 
for days. The few letters that had come 
for him he seemed rather averse to read- 
ing. On the day when the doctor allowed 
him to sit by the window, he asked Ellen 
to listen to him. 

"I want to tell you something," he said, 



THE SQUAHE THING. 



18 



looking at her with so much misery in his 
eyes that she felt vaguely his great un- 
happiness. 

"Don't tell me anything you don't want 
to tell me" she said hastily. 

"But I miLst tell you/^ he said, shutting 
his teeth firmly. "You have been so good 
to me ! It is a pity for you to waste such 
kindness on a fellow like me. Miss Floyd. 
All I can say is that it is not unappreci- 
ated. I — I — it is because I care so 
much about you that I want you to know." 

She touched his hand tenderly, a famil- 
iarity that had grown out of his long 
helplessness and sufiFering. 

"Don't do that V' he cried with sudden 
passion. "I can not bear it! What do 
you think I am made of? Do you think 
I could have you here, as you have been, 
day after day and not learn to love you 
better than I should?" 

He groaned aloud and turned his face 
to the window, else he might have seen 
the fair rosy light in Ellen's face, and 
have stayed his misery to some extent. 

"If I were only halfway decent," he 
observed with a gesture of self-contempt, 
"I would try to win you. If you would 
marr>' me. Miss Floyd, I would be the 
happiest man on God's earth; but I'm 
not mean enough even to ask you. When 
you know all about me, you — , you may 
regret your kindness. Miss Floyd." 

"^Vhat is there to know?" she asked 
sharply. 

"My name is not Bentley at all. It is 
Montgomery. I am Gresham's friend, 
the man who ran away from San Francisco 
because he had almost killed a policeman 
and was afraid he would be arrested." 

Ellen's face had grown suddenly pale. 

"How did you come to do it ?" she asked 
slowly, as the memory of the whole 
wretched episode of the International 
Football game came back to her. Mont- 
gomery had been intoxicated in the theatre 
after the sweeping victory of the Occi- 
dentals, and he had hit a policeman on the 
head with his cane, in a melee that 
occurred in the lobby. 

Bentley looked at her with the color 
high and hot upon his face. 

"I was beastly drunk," he said without 
the slightest attempt to apologize. There 
was nothing to say. 

"And then you ran away — like a 
coward?" she said bitterly, unmindful 
of the cruelty of her question. 



"Yes," he replied with the candor of 
utter hopelessness. "That is just what 
I did." 

"Oh, how could you !" she cried passion- 
ately. 

Ilis head sank back wearily. 

"It seems beastly and impossible now," 
he replied, "but at the time it seemed 
very natural. Of course I never intended 
to do any harm ; but that is not the ques- 
tion. I see now that that is not the 
question at all." 

"It is luck}' for you that the man got 
well," said Ellen. She was so angry with 
him that she was unkind. 

Bentley shuddered and closed his eyes. 

"Do you think it was the square tMng 
to run away?" she demanded sternly, 
hardly knowing herself why she had set 
the standard of conduct so high for him. 

"There was nothing else for me to do," 
he replied. "The police were after me." 

"You could have stayed and faced it," 
she said slowly. "When a man has com- 
mitted a crime — " 

He winced at the word. 

" — all he can do is to submit to the 
punishment he deserves. It seems to me 
that one's sense of justice would make 
that imperative." 

He looked at her in astonishment. 

"You — you think I ought to have borne 
the disgrace of imprisonment?" 

"The disgrace, it seems to me," she 
said pitilessly, "was in doing the thing." 

Bentley was silent. Then he said in a 
voice full of misery: 

"It seems that I have not been able to 
escape the consequences of my acts, any- 
how," he observed. "I reaUze that my 
own conduct has made it impossible for 
me even to hope for the one thing that 
seems to me desirable in life." 

Ellen was strangely cold and cruel just 
then. 

"A woman might well hesitate to marry 
a man — with such a history," she said 
deliberately, and Bentley's face lying on 
the pillow, grew whiter as she spoke. 

"Don't push me too hard," he said, with 
a little catch in his voice, "I can not bear 
it from you. Tell me — do you think 
that ? What could I ever do to make you 
despise me less ?" 

She looked at him for a moment. 

"I am not your mentor, Mr. — Mont- 
gomery," she said rising, "I think every 
man ought to regulate his own morals." 



14 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



What had happened, the doctor could 
never find out. Ellen gave up her patient 
in the course of a few days, and Montgom- 
ery declared he was going back to San 
Francisco. It was three months since the 
theatre escapade, and Gresham, who had 
simply been fined, was writing him to 
come back. The matter had been fixed 
up by Montgomery's family, and, after 
a stormy debate, the College Faculty had 
not expelled, but simply suspended him. 
Montgomery had the advantage of wealth 
and influence. Yet, it seems, as Gresham 

remarked afterwards, that he was "a 

fool after all,'* for, after he returned to 
San Francisco, not content with having 
jpsid all the expenses of Tim Welsh's 
illness, Montgomery actually gave him 
s. house and lot in the Mission District, 
'where Welsh was living in imaccustomed 
prosperity. 

"He's a blooming idiot," Gresham 
observed finally, for, after the whole 
scandal had died out, Montgomery ap- 
peared before a magistrate and actually 
asked to be arrested! 

Ellen Floyd read about this in the 
paper. How the public was entertained 
by the unusual spectacle of a man solicit- 
ing his own arrest for assault and battery 
and his former victim flatly refusing to 
enter a complaint. The matter was dis- 
missed with comments on the growing 



intimacy between Tim Welsh and the man 
who, in breaking his head, had assumed 
an obligation highly profitable to Tim. 

It was the following year that Mont- 
gomery graduated with such a record as 
surprised those who had known his earlier 
collegiate history. Everybody knew it was 
in him, but it was a surprise to see it 
come out. 

"It all comes of hitting an Irishman 
on the head," observed Gresham, "and — ^" 
he glanced over at the giri to whom 
Montgomery was talking — "Ellen Floyd 
— principally Ellen Floyd." 

Montgomery was looking down at her 
with a quiet dignity in his eyes, a look 
such as a woman loves. 

"I have tried to do the square thing," 
he said simply. "Do you think I could 
have done anything better?" 

The strength of a man who has con- 
quered is sometimes more winning than 
the imassailed power of viri;ue. 

"Nothing," she answered with shining 
eyes. 

"Could you trust me now?" he asked 
anxiously. 

"I could do more than that," she 
answered. "I have always done more than 
you have credited me with doing, I — ^" 

"Speak!" he demanded. 

"I love you," she said softly. "That 
is the squarest thing I know." 








THE little foothill town of Sara- 
toga, Santa Clara County, Cal., 
has for the past five years made 
the hlossoming of the prune the 
occasion for a day of festivities. 
Each year the devotees of this fete have 
increased in numbers, and each year thej 
have made the pilgrimage from a greater 
distance, till the fame of this blossom-time 
Mecca has so extended that it may be of 
interest to take a look at it when not in 
festive attire and learn something of its 
history and the circumstances which gave 
birth to this yearly celebration. 

For some years the country surround- 
ing Saratoga, which derives its name from 
the fine mineral springs gushing from 
the near-by hills, has been given up to the 
cultivation of grapes and prunes, and the 
town had become a quiet rural center with 
a decidedly religious tendency. Though 
it seemed largely in the hands of laborers 
for its good, and real estate men declared 
it already paradise, yet, in the words of 
one of its public-spirited citizens, mis- 
sionary teas had not killed out poison oak, 
the Epworth T^eague had not repaired di- 
lapidated fences, valiant wrestling of the 
W. C. T. TJ. had not removed unsightly 
rubbish from the roadsides or white- 



washed forlorn sheds. In short, such a 
condition of things prevailed as the dwell- 
ers in country towns well know. It re- 
mained for two bright-eyed Eastern girls, 
whom the Saratogans were anxious to 
have settle among them, to tell them "they 
were a pokey lot whose lives began, con- 
tinued and ended in religious meetings.^' 
"Then," he says, "we woke up, rubbed 
our eyes at the stinging words, and lo, 
the l)lossom festival was born!" Invita- 
tions were extended to the surrounding 
country, which ran something like this: 
"Come on the vestibuled Southern Pa- 
cific Pullmans. Come in the red Stan- 
ford coaches with your holiday horns. 
Come with sober family nags. Festoon 
your bicycles. Fill your big four-horse 
trucks with lively young folks. Drive 
your jovial jaunting cars. Come singing. 
Jjeave care behind for a day and be thank- 
ful." And after this varied fashion they 
came, till this last year the trolley has 
penetrated the valley, making many 
changes and increasing the number of 
visitors. 

Has the festival accomplished anything 
for the people of Saratoga? They think 
it has. In the words of one of their citi- 
zens, "Boys begin to count it good citizen- 



16 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 










The prune orchard, where br&nohet of uiowy bloetonu meet. 



Mrs. Hare, photo. 



ship to care for public roads ; women rake blacksmith^s shop is painted, the streets 
up weeds and persuade men to bum rub- have been lighted and tumble-down fences 
bish when company is coming. The have disappeared. The supervisor has 




The orchards of the foothUls. Los Oatos in the distance, from the Santa Cms Mountains. 



THE BLOSSOM FESTIVAL. 



17 




The abandoned mill, near Saratoga, California. 



had the spring-holes drained and streets 
graveled where needed. The children have 
cultivated a more agreeable manner toward 
fitrangers, and, to be practical, all these 
things have tended to a rise in real es- 
tate." ITius we see the day organized for 
the esthetic purpose of more thoroughly 



appreciating one of the beautiful, fleeting 
changes of the season has yielded some 
practical results, and, let us hope, al- 
though they can not be so easily measured 
or classified, its object has been fulfilled 
in other respects. 




The orchard, the rineyArd, the evergreen oakt, and the Santa Clara Valley. 

Mrs. Hare, photo. 




A purling stream, near Saratoja. 



Mrs. Hare, photo. 



THE WHITE LADY 



A -weird tale of mystery and adventure in tbe snow-alirouded ^istnetfoea of tke mountainfl 

IN TWO PARTS-PART I 
By Carl Louis Kingsbury 



IT was on a grey November afternoon 
that Dick Eastlake and I loitered in 
the one little waiting room of the 
railway station at Collins, impatient 
for the arrival of the conveyance 
that we had engaged by wire, to take us 
into the heart of the Far Away range on 
s, hunting trip. 

While waiting, we vainly essayed to en- 
list the sympathetic interest of the station 
agent, who, as we soon ascertained, rep- 
resented the entire clerical and mechanical 
force of the railway company at that 
point. 

"We engaged Hank Thompson to take 
us up into the mountains ; he was to meet 
lis here when the train came in," Dick in- 
formed him. 

"The train!" echoed the agent testily, 
^There's two trains; A. M., P. M. Hank 
was here when the A. M. pulled in. P. M.^s 
usually late; happened to be on time to- 
day. Hank'll be ^round after awhile." 

Fortified with this assurance, we dis- 
posed ourselves to wait with what patience 
we could command, and the agent, dis- 
missing us from his consciousness, picked 
up a battered violin and began a persist- 
ent, doleful sawing across its strings. The 
performance could, by no means, be class- 
ified as even an attempt at musical ren- 
dition; it was nerve-racking, yet the one 
quavering, insistent strain gave an occa- 
sional hint of something — some vague, 
underlying message, vainly groped for. 
Dick^s temper is mostly as sunny as a 
California day in June, but our driver's 
nonappearance had irritated him, and 
with a scowl, he suddenly turned upon the 
agent: 

"Why the devil don^t you try some- 
thing besides that infernal whine ?" 

The entire force of the railway com- 
pany sprang to his feet. "Because," he 
eaid, with a black look, "that 'infernal 
whine,' as you call it, is what I want. Have 
you any objections ?" 



"No; the thing is atrocious, but there's 
no accounting for tastes. Still, if there is, 
somewhere, a musical kindergarten that 
you could" — Dick paused suggestively. 

The agent smiled. 

"I don't need a kindergarten training," 
he said, and proceeded to demonstrate the 
truth of his statement. 

We were in a hurry ; the grey November 
day was waning, our driver had not yet 
come, and we might have to hunt him up, 
yet we both stood listening, entranced, 
while in place of snowy fields and pinch- 
ing cold there came a rush of springtide 
greenness, a hint of June roses, of bird 
songs mingled with the flow of rippling 
water, all instinct and pulsating with joy- 
ous life. Suddenly the music ceased ; the 
violinist lowered his instrument and 
looked at us, the better and higher expres- 
sion that the music had called to his face, 
vanishing in one of scowling discontent. 

"For all that," he declared, shortly, in 
recognition of our enjoyment of his per- 
formance, "I can't get the combination 
that I want." 

"WTiy, when that particular — ^^combina- 
tion' — judging from the sample that we 
have heard, is so atrocious, do you feel 
called on to—" Dick was beginning, when 
the agent stopped him with an angry 
twang of the fiddle strings : 

"It isn't atrocious if you get it right; 
it — ifs compelling; it takes hold of you. 
There's a devil of a Mexican, living some- 
where up in the hills — ^he plays it some- 
times — if he takes the notion. But he's as 
little to be depended on as the thing itself. 
He-" ^ 

"All ab — 00 — ard !" sang Hank Thomp- 
son, stopping his mules at the edge of 
the depot platform. 

Not until noon of the next day did we 
reach the cabin of the Oldest Inhabitant. 
This individual proved to be a taciturn 
and surly miner of a disposition so retir- 
ing that he had, so far as the outside 
world went, not only crawled into a hole, 



20 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



but had achieved the added distinction of 
pulling the hole in after him. 

On the way up our driver had assured 
us that the old miner, Mr. Brown, other- 
wise "Bill,^* would kick like a bay steer 
when asked to take us in. "But don't 
you give in an inch!*' Hank warned us 
cheerily; "Bill's heart's all right yit, an' 
it's a mercy to him that I bring folks up 
to camp on him once an' agin ; keeps him 
from gittin' plumb petrified. Besides, 
he'll git to thinkin' a heap of you before 
you leave. I've brung hunters up here 
afore, an' I know." 

Despite Hank's warning, we were not 
prepared for the fury of resentment with 
which the old gentleman, who had opened 
the door in response to Hank's Imock, 
greeted our arrival. Undismayed, Hank 
began imloading our luggage by the sum- 
mary process of firing it into the open 
doorway, and, at the same time, he ex- 
postulated pleasantly with the inhospita- 
ble miner: 

"Come now, Bill, what's the use of all 
this jawin' ? These fellers has got to stay 
here; you know that. It's too late to look 
uj) airy other place." 

"You know blamed well, you limber- 
jointed jackass, that there ain't airy other 
place to look up." 

"That's what I've been tryin' to tell 
you, all along, but you wouldii't hearken 
to reason. You'll have to take 'em in, 
that's all!" 

"Wha'd ye bring 'em for, ye cussed — " 

Hank, who was to make half the return 
trip that day, had already swung the 
mules around on the homeward track; he 
looked over his shoulder to bestow a de- 
mure grin on the enraged owner of the 
cabin. 

^TTou'U git over it. Bill, an' thank me 
for givin' ye a chance to git acquainted 
\rith these fellers; good fellers they are, 
if I do say it. An' gentlemen, don't ye 
fret your gizzards. Bill's bark is all there 
is to him. He never bites, an' he's got 
plenty to eat, an' as good beds as you'll 
find in a long day's journey. So long, an' 
good luck to you!" 

The Oldest Inhabitant shook his fist, in 
impotent fury, at the retreating back of 
the driver. 

"If there's airy law in this country 
that'll purtect a man in the peaceful en- 
j'yment of his own cabin, I'll have it on 
Hank Thompson," he roared, and, just 



then, the mules stopped and Hank looked 
back to call out : 

"Sa — ^ay, what's the matter with their 
goin' to the Mexican's?" 

*^Vhat's the matter with their goin' to 
hell?" yelled our unwilling host. But 
the suggestion, whatever lay behind it, 
had turned the scale in our favor. "Come 
in," he said abruptly. "Course it- ain't no 
fault of yours that you was brought here, 
but 111 git even with that feller yit." 

I don't know whether Mr. Brown ever 
got even with the driver in the way that 
his words darkly shadowed forth, but I do 
know that within twenty-four hours he 
was looking after our comfort as solicit- 
ously as he would for that of life-long 
friends. 

We had bargained with Thompson to 
return for us at the end of two weeks, 
and, naturally, made the utmost of our 
limited holiday. We were very success- 
ful in getting game, all of which Brown 
dressed and cared for. As he insisted on 
doing this work imaided, and as the sup- 
ply of meat, apart from that we con- 
sumed, fell to his share, we made no stren- 
uous objection to this arrangement, and, 
for some days, remained unaware of any 
peculiarity in the mode or place of dress- 
ing. 

On the tenth day after our arrival, the 
weather that had held good so far, turned 
bitterly cold, and a furious snowstorm 
set in. For three days we were virtually 
imprisoned. A part of this time we spent 
in the manufacture of snowshoes, in the 
use of which we were both experts, and it 
was plain that if we were to get out at 
all it must be upon them. The fourth 
day dawned clear and cold. Immediately 
after breakfast we started out for a day's 
sport in the mountains. 

We returned to the cabin a little before 
nightfall, bearing pick-a-pack the carcass 
of that rare, shy creature, a mountain 
sheep. Twice or thrice, before reaching 
the cabin, we heard the howling of timber 
wolves, and the sound did not dispose us 
to linger on our way. 

As this was not only the first sheep 
that either of us had ever shot, but the 
only one that we had ever seen at close 
range, we proposed to Brown that he 
should have our assistance in dressing it. 
At this he turned unexpectedly craidcy; 
but, as we both insisted, matters were at 



THE WHITE LADY. 



21 



length compromised by his agreeing to al- 
low ns to oversee the work. 

Brown took the carcass within the shel- 
ter of a solid little lean-to, minus outer 
door or window, and lighted only by the 
door that opened into it from the main 
cabin. 

*TVhy don^t you take him outside under 
that pine tree?^* Dick suggested, survey- 
ing the cubbyhole with disfavor. '^There's 
good light out there.^' 

"An' wind, to carry the scent. This is 
good 'nuff place ; if you don't want to stay 
in here you don't have to." 

Outside the cabin the ground was 
frozen as hard as iron, and there was, to 
all intents and purposes, a whole unused 
world into any part of which the refuse 
from our quarry might have been cast 
without offense; but, having cleaned the 
sheep, Brown took a spade and dug a hole 
in one comer of the lean-to. Into this 
he shoved the refuse, paying no heed to 
my questions. Dick, who is wise, said 
nothing until the ground was neatly 
smoothed over the impromptu grave, then 
he asked, quietly: 

^TVhy do you do that?" 

Brown straightened his bent shoulders 
and faced Dick, a reminiscent look on his 
weatherbeaten old face. 

"Ever been huntin' in this part of the 
Faraway Sange afore — or, say, within the 
last three years?" 

"Never, at any time; we have always 
gone farther south." 

"I wish't you'd a' gone furder south 
this time. Wal', I don't mind admittin' 
that things has got so that ifs agin' my 
principles to leave airy thing laying 
around loose that might tole wild animals 
nigh my cabin. You fellers that live in 
towns and think you know it all because 
you read sonve dumed newspaper every 
day has got a heap to learn about the big 
world that lies outside — ^whafs that?" he 
broke off suddenly, and the three of us 
stood listening in startled silence as, close 
at hand, a wierd, moaning cry rent the 
air. The cry was followed, after an in- 
terval, by a distinct whine, as some soft, 
heavy body bounded lightly upon the roof 
of the lean-to. This was followed, in turn, 
by an eager clawing and scratching at the 
shingles. We could not, of course, see 
anything, but the promptitude and energy 
with which our host acted at this junc- 
ture was trulv wonderful. 



Hanging from hooks on the wall was 
a loaded Winchester rifle. With one noise- 
less bound Brown secured it, and, stand- 
ing in his tracks, raised the barrel and 
fired at that part of the roof from which 
the sound proceeded. The buUet went 
crashing and splintering through the 
boards and the pine shakes; the little 
room was filled with powder smoke, and 
again that wild cry rent the air as the 
creature slid off the roof. 

The three of us ran out and around 
to the lean-to roof. 

There was nothing to be seen save the 
splintered shakes and a few drops of blood 
on the snow. But presently I discovered, 
just where the edge of the roof overhung 
the ground, a larger splash of red, and, 
mingling with it, a tuft of something 
white that I, at first, mistook for a tiny 
bunch of feathers. Turning it over care- 
lessly with the toe of my boot, I saw that 
it was a fragment of white fur. Too late, 
we regretted our precipitancy in reaching 
the spot, for any footprints left had now 
been hopelessly overlaid by our own. After 
a little further search, which revealed 
nothing, we re-entered the cabin and 
Brown silently replaced the rifle on its 
hooks. 

"What do you suppose that was?" I 
asked our plainly preoccupied host. 

"Some hungry critter," was the brusque 
reply; "one of you fellers be cuttin' up 
some of the mutton whilst I make the 
coffee." 

Dick and I, enjopng our meal with the 
appetite of hunters, paid little attention 
to Brown, imtil, hunger somewhat ap- 
peased, I had leisure to observe that the 
bit of steak that he had, at first, taken 
upon his plate, still remained untasted. 
Dick noticed it, too. 

"What's the matter. Brown; why don't 
you eat ?" he presently inquired. 

For answer. Brown shoved his plate 
aside with an impatient gesture, and, ris- 
ing, took his pipe from the mantel, filled 
it from the sack of fine-cut in his coat 
pocket, then sat down before the fire, leav- 
ing the supper table uncared for. This 
was unusual, for he was a neat house- 
keeper. 

When the soothing fumes of the to- 
bacco began to rise, like a cloud of incense 
between himself and his confidant, the 
open fire, he remarked to the latter: 

"Yes; thafs it. I can't figure it out 



22 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



no other way. Like enough the Mexican^s 
sick ; an^ he can't hunt wu'th a cuss^ sick 
or well. I ain't seen him in a dog's age; 
don't want to see him, nuther, but I 
never knowed; I — never — ^knowed — ^" He 
relapsed into musing silence. When he, 
at length, roused himself it was to ad- 
dress Dick, for whom, he had made it 
plain from the first, he entertained much 
more respect than he did for me. 

"Say — ^there's a Mexican — curi's kind 
of feller — ^he lives in a cabin three or four 
mile deeper back in the hills. The feller 
— ^he lives alone — ^yes — ^he lives alone, and 
he ain't much of a hand with a gun. Them 
Mexicans never be, and the snow's deep, 
and the trail blocked — ^" 

" — ^And you think it would be no more 
than neighborly for us to share our luck 
with him?" Dick concluded the sentence 
lightly ; "all right, he's welcome to a share 
of it." 

"You ain't a bad feller." For once our 
host looked at the person he was talking 
to instead of the fire, as he spoke — 'TTes, 
I seen right oflf that you wa'n't a bad fel- 
ler." 

Encouraged by this encomium on my 
friend, and, perhaps, with, some faint 
hope of diverting a little of it to myself, 
for, truly, the quarry was as much mine 
to give as Dick's — ^I said: 

"If s a bright moonlit evening; suppose 
you tell us the way and we'll take some 
of the mutton over to him now." 

"Airy fool but a plumb fool," mused 
Mr. Brown, with his eyes upon the fire, 
"would know better than to reckon that a 
brace o' strangers could bounce in on that 
Mexican and make him a gift, out of 
hand. Proud as the devil, he is--<Tod Al- 
mighty knows what of, I don't; but I 'low 
that he's human, or part human, anyhow, 
and I don't want him to starve; but the 
thing's got to be managed ; yes, sir, mwn- 
aged!" TCnitting his grizzled brows he 
again took counsel of the fire. 

After a minute or two he looked at 
Dick. "Goin' huntin' to-morrow, ain't 



ye 



9» 



Dick nodded silently. 

^^es, o' course; I needn't a' asked! 
Kill things as long's the snow's deep and 
they're helpless and can't git away from 
ye. Wall, I'm kind o' concerned about 
that Mexican — ^" 

" — Why concerned about him, all at 
once?" Dick inquired, carelessly. 



"'Cause I am, and thafs reason 
enough !" was the tart rejoinder. "Wall, 
if ye git anything — and ye will; a two- 
year-old baby 'ud git something, with a 
popgim, in this snow — ye better round up 
at iJ&e Mexican's cabin with it. Ye must 
make some mighty ^ood excuse for stop- 
ping." He studied Dick's stalwart fig- 
ure, reflectively. "I don't suppose ye'd 
like for to go lame, sudden?" he sug- 
gested. 

"We might ask for a drink," I ventured, 
inanely, and Brown bitterly assured the 
fire, "Even a plumb fool ought to know 
that a hunter, no matter if he was nothing 
but a pot-hunter, could eat snow enough 
for to squench his thirst." 

Dick clasped his hands above his head 
and yawned sleepily. 

"1 discovered to-day that my snow- 
shoes are not very strong," he remarked. 

"That ain't a bad idee," Mr. Brown 
conceded. 

Later, in the seclusion of the bunk 
room, as we were undressing, I asked Dick 
if he had noticed any peculiarity in the 
cry of the animal that had jumped to the 
roof. 

"Ye — s; yes," he responded, slowly, 
pausing in the act of pulling off a sock, 
"it reminded me somehow, Alex, of the 
screech that our friend, the agent, was 
trying to evoke from his violin — ^and 
couldn't." After he was snugly under the 
blankets he poked his head out again to 
observe: "These old miners, living off 
in the hills, like the recluses that they are, 
are apt to become astonishingly supersti- 
tious." 

"No doubt," I assented, sleepily. 

The sham accident, premeditated, has 
a way, sometimes, of confounding its pro- 
jector by becoming an unpleasant reality. 

Late in the afternoon of the next day 
we were far up on the side of a mountain 
that overlooked a chaotic jumble of rocks 
and evergreens at its base, and were hot 
on the trail of a deer, unmindful, for the 
nonce, of anything else, when the accident 
that Dick had scheduled to happen to his 
snowshoes took place, resulting in both 
a broken shoe and a twisted ankle. The 
edge of the shoe caught as Dick was in 
full career imder a bit of jutting rock, and 
snap! it went, while Dick fell headlong, 
face downward. 

I was but a few yards behind him, and 
as he made no immediate effort to rise, I 



THE WHITE LADY. 



23 



hurried up to him with my heart in my 
mouth, to find that, his head having 
struck a rock, he was partially stunned. 
It took some vigorous effort to bring him 
around, and then, discovering the condi- 
tion that he was in, the situation did not 
seem to me much improved. But it was 
Dick who now recalled that, a few min- 
utes previously, we had observed smoke 
rising from somewhere in the wilderness 
of rocks and gnarled trees beneath us. 
"It's around here somewhere, that 
Brown's Mexican lives," Dick concluded, 
"and it looks to me as though we were 
booked to trespass upon his hospitality, 
also. We'll have to trail down that 
smoke, Alex." 

We did. It was not an easy task, and 
all Dick's nerve — and he has his share of 
it — could not repress an occasional moan 
of anguish as I half dragged, half carried 
him toward the doubtful haven. I re- 
gretted, too, as we stood, at length, before 
the closed door of a substantial, low- 
browed cabin, that, in our eagerness to 
secure the larger game — now beyond 
reach — we had let slip opportunities of 
getting anything, and I recalled that 
Brown had suspected suffering for food 
here, providing that this turned out to be 
the cabin of the Mexican. 

As my repeated knocking brought no 
response, I, at length, tried the door, and, 
finding it unlocked, threw it open and en- 
tered, supporting Dick. A low fire smoul- 
dered in an open fireplace at the side of 
the room opposite the door, and, drawn up 
before it was an inviting looking, sleepy 
hollow chair. Into this, without words, 
Dick promptly dropped, while I proceeded 
to replenish the fire from the stock of 
fuel that lay in roadinoss boside it. We 



were in a comfortable room, cosily fur- 
nished; so much I saw in the hurried 
glance that I cast aroimd while working 
over the fire. Two or three closed doors 
gave, apparently, on other rooms, and 
directly, from beliind one of the closed 
doors, came the sound of a querulous voice 
asking impatiently: 

"What are you waiting for — why don't 
you come in?" 

The voice was that of a woman. Dick 
was quite too much engrossed with his 
own suffering to give heed to anything 
else; and while I hesitated what reply to 
make, there came a quick footstep on the 
snow outside, the door was thrown open, 
and a slender, swarthy-looking man stood 
framed in the doorway, against the daz- 
zling whiteness, staring at us, the intru- 
ders, with surprise, and, it was painfully 
apparent, the strongest disfavor. 

In his hand he carried a brace of white 
ptarmigan, and before waiting to receive 
our apologies and explanations, he crossed 
the room and deposited them on the floor 
just within the doorway of the room from 
which the querulous voice had come. Then 
he came back and stopped beside Dick's- 
chair. 

"What do you here ?" he asked. He lis- 
tened quietly to our explanations, and 
then examined Dick's foot. "Not broken;, 
badly sprained," he said, and, without 
more words, went to work to make hi& 
undesired guest as comfortable as the cir- 
cumstances allowed. But, through all his- 
busy ministrations, I observed that he had 
a furtive air of anxious watchfulness, and 
his troubled glance frequently sought the 
door of the room whence the woman'& 
voice had come. 



(To be continued) 








^($^'r 







KOREAN ART AND ARTISTS 



Tne illu0tration0 are reproduced from tke paintinga of tke foremost Korean arti«t, in tlie 
private collection of tke autkor. Tkird article in tke series on Korea. 

By James Himtcr "Wells, M. D. 



ABOUT 3000 years ago, Korea led 
all Asia in art and music; and 
in literature, was second only 
to China. The finest large 
bronzes now in Asia, examples 
of which I saw in Tokio and Nikko, Japan, 
prove the truth of this assertion. In 
Korea was invented the first movable, 
metal type, made of bronze. The Chinese 
printed from wooden plates, carefully 
engraved by hand, but the arti- 
I sans of Korea saw that the proc- 

JjL ess of printing would be greatly 
^^ facilitated if movable type was 
A^ used, and thus the first type was 
ini raade. This was in the 13th cen- 
/^^ tury. The world to-day is using 
movable, metal type, and is in- 
>r dcbtod to Korea for the invention. 
/C* There is no doubt that, origi- 

nal ly, the Koreans wt:i-t^ an artis- 
te ti<> people, but the ^utTt^<liDg 



wars, first between Korea and China, then 
between Korea and Japan, and then be- 
tween Japan and China, with Korea as 
the battleground, crushed out what ar- 
tistic promise there was in the beginning. 
Pottery, however, was produced, and 
those of its relics, now very rare, are 
graded among the very first of the prod- 
ucts of this art. 

A certain silversmith of my acquaint- 
ance is the best in his nation, but is able 
to do only crude and simple work, though 
a few in the north do fine inlaid work on 
very beautiful models — a survival of the 
age when bronzes were extensively pro- 
duced. 

At present there are but feeble indica- 
tions of what was once the leading art 
center of Asia, and there is very little to 




A KOREAN WOMAN 8PINNIN0. 

The larger part of the machine it the flywheel. The oord tame the ipool rapidly, and m winds 

the cotton or flax on the ipool. 




THE STROLLING GENTLEMAN. 

ThaM pictnrM are in eTerj detail true to life. The fan, hat and lony sleeTei proclaim this 

man a Korean gentleman of leisure. 




DAHCIKO OntL, OR KEBAHO. 
Every roVemor and nu^trata in Korea has, aa part of his retinue, a ntunber of girU who 
his food and danoe for him. They dress in gay colors, in oontradistinction to all others, 
who dress in unbroken white. 







A EIOH OFFZOIAL. 

Th« htHi with tlie oraae and the peonliar flaps turned back (the Emperor*! flaps torn forward), 

ladloate that the personage is not only a hivh offlcial, but is of the rosralty. 




A COMMON COOLIE. 
No hat, itntw ihoM, ooatm olothea, and pilffrim'i pack. His home U when he 

is A Mmi-b^ritr. 



•l6«pt and ha 



KOKEAN ART AND ARTISTS. 



29 



tell of the glory that was once Koreans 
in these lines. It is a decaying nation 
and a listless and unproductive people. 

The condition of pictorial art as it 
exists to-day in Korea is fully shown in 
the accompanying pictures, reproduced 
from the paintings of the foremost Korean 
artist. To the Korean, these pictures, 
crude and faulty as they appear to us, arc 
the acme of perfection. The Asiatic is 
uncritical and imaginative, and whatever 
is lacking in the picture's semblance to 
life is readily overlooked or supplied from 
the imagination. It is the same quality 
which, in a child, makes a picture but 
E little less real than life itself. 



The Korean's standards of art are far 
simpler than ours, and herein lies their 
beauty. We demand so much, even of art, 
in this practical age, that we are very 
apt to overdo the matter. The simple 
lines and the simple life of the Koreans, 
as illustrated by these samples of their art, 
has much in it to commend them. As they 
advance in other ways, we will find that 
the old and supposedly forgotten artistic 
instincts will awaken, and bear fruit. It 
is not too much to expect that out of Asia 
something will come in the future that 
may be of as much value to art, as was the 
movable type in the earliest days of 
typography. 



BOAT SONG 

Bow, row, 
While the lake lies hushed and dim, 
Far and away flees the lagging day 
To the sun, for she loves bnt him. 

Bow, row, 
Bend to the dripping oar. 

Bow, row, 
Oh, the breath of the pines is sweet, 
The ripples sing as the mdder swings. 
And the stars are under our feet; 

Bow, row. 
Bend to the dripping oar. 

— Maude Sutton 





r 



DOWN THE PIKE 

The Boulevard of Gaiety' at the St.Louls EKposition 

By T. R .Mac Mechen 



Entrance to "Creation" on "The Pike," at the St. Louis Exposition. 



rigidly 
public 



THE Pike is not a side show 
of the Universal Exposition; 
neither is it a circus of Mun- 
chausen monstrosities. 

A new era of entertainment, 
opposed to the theory that the 
still loves to be humbugged, is 
introduced to the amusement seeker. 

The Pike will show the world at play 
on a scale never attempted in the most 
halcyon days of pleasure. Cheap and 
tawdry deception, the "Aim flam" and 
jingle of fakirdom have been stamped out. 
Yet there is nothing tame about Pike 
fever. Larger, grander and more varied 
because of its mightier volume of life and 
color, the intoxication is greater. Its 
pulse throb is that of the Roman satur- 
nalia. Its swing and rh}i;hm the measure 
of a tremendous military march. 

Simple insistence on perfect fidelity in 
assembling the strange peoples and their 
color environment has raised this St. Louis 



fiesta of fun Far al)ove those of all other 
expositions. 

The Pike is not a jumble of nonsense^ 
It has a meaning just as definite as the 
high motive which inspired the Exposi- 
tion. It mirrors the lighter moods of all 
countries. 

The Exposition is a mammoth spectacle. 
The Pike is Olympian in proportion and* 
character. Colossal structures, stretching- 
for a mile on both sides of a paved street,, 
furnish immense theatres in which the 
latest ingenuity of the master showman 
is displayed. Five millions of dollars- 
were spent in merely erecting buildings 
in harmony with the dignity and magni- 
tude of the greater pageant. 

Seven millions will have been expended 
before the opening of the Exposition in 
transporting 6,000 natives of foreign 
countries, 1,000 wild and domestic animals 
and nearly a million dollars in curious 



DOWN THE PIKK. 



81 



-wares to tempt the collector of the quaint 
And the antique. 

Two of the largest aniiisoments cost 
3. lump sum of $1,400,000. "Jerusalem, 
the Holy City," one of these concessions 
-find the largest open air show ever con- 
^ructed, represents an outlay of e$700,000, 
subscribed mainly by capitalists in St. 
Louis. "The Tyrolean Alps," the second 
Attraction, commanded an equal amount 
from business interests in the World's 
Fair City. Twenty other shows each 



That the concessionaire and his audience 
might both be protected, the Exposition 
management wisely awarded to the show- 
man presenting the characteristics of any 
forei<^ country, the exclusive privilege 
of selling in his concession the wares, for 
which that country is noted among trav- 
elers and lovers of rare decoration. 

These precautions serve to keep the 
Pike above reproach. The visitor feels 
that his time and his innocent investment 
have not been wasted. In its positive 




Looking down "The Pike" from the "Galveston Flood." 



<»st $100,000. Not an amusement on the 
Pike cost less than $50,000. 

Reproductions of famous quarters of 
<5ities celebrated in history and literature 
^re exact as personal inspection, photo- 
graphs and architectural sketches could 
make them. The inhabitants of these 
mimic scenes are the inhabitants of the 
original places, secured at considerable 
time and expense to the showman. The 
daily life of these transplanted popula- 
tions is a true reflection on a smaller scale 
of the lives thev lead in their real homes. 



industrial lessons which are mingled with 
its theatres, sports, music and dancing, 
the Pike teaches quite as important a 
lesson as do the exhibits in the Exposi- 
tion palaces. How to mix pleasure with 
the more serious things of life is the 
picture held up for those who read as they 
run clown the Pike. 

Take "Jerusalem,'^ the largest amuse- 
ment at the Exposition. It is an actual 
walled replica of those places in the 
Holy City, immortalized by the scriptural 
storv of the Xazarene. Eleven acres of 



82 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



broken topography are covered with more 
than 300 structures of varying size, sep- 
arated by 22 streets and crowded by 1,000 
natives of the real Jerusalem. 

The papier mache mountains of the 
Tyrolean Alps rise 100 feet above seven 
acres which are covered by snow-capped 
masses of the Ortler, ancient castles, a 
typical Tyrolean village, dashing moun- 
tain torrents, and a panorama of unrivaled 
Alpine scenery. 

A different atmosphere is breathed in 



In the Irish Village and exhibition sucb 
historical structures as the old House of 
Parliament at Dublin are reproduced 
exactly. Carmac's Castle on the Rocks- 
of Cashel, an old Irish arch, 902 year& 
old. Blarney Castle, in which Edward 
Harrigan, the American actor will give 
performances of genuine Irish drama are 
objects of interest. Jaunting cars pas& 
through historic scenery. 

A widely different show is the Palais 
du Costume which is a history of fashion, 




Entrance to "Old St. Louii." 



A crowd attracted by the alluring vociferations of the leather- 
lunged "ipieler." 



mysterious Asia, a mingling of the quaint 
life and architectural settings of India, 
Ceylon, Burmah and Persia. The rites 
of Eajahs and the primitive color of 
Burmese villages contrast strongly. Carl 
Hagenbeck's Circus, Zoo and Panorama 
are the largest representation of an animal 
paradise that has ever been constructed. 
By a patent, invisible device, wild and 
domestic beasts roam at large in a vast 
natural panorama with nothing between 
them and the spectators. 



presenting the intermediate changes in 
dress between the period of the Roman 
colonies through all ages. Thirty scenes 
reproduce with exactness, the fashions, 
with accessories such as the architecture 
and furniture of the times. 

Constantinople is the composite title 
of a correct imitation of eleven sections of 
the Bazaars of Shamboul with a fine 
entrance through the Mosque of Nouri 
Osmanieh. A labyrinth of narrow street* 
branch from Kalpakdjilar Dgedissi, the 



DOWN THE PIKE. 



83 



main avenue, all filled with Turkish mer- 
chants. The sketches for this concession 
were made by Djelal Bey Ben Essad, son 
of the late Marshal Essad Pasha, one of 
the best art critics in Turkey. 

How unlike other shows is the tremen- 
dous "Naval Exhibition,'^ a monster repro- 
duction of the Battle of Santiago ! Battle- 
ships, cruisers and a flotilla of torpedo 
and submarine boats are operated over 
a great water expanse by electricity. The 
forts are attacked, the Merrimac is sunk, 
and the Spanish fleet destroyed. Akin 



long, Geisha girls with their dances, and 
native rag-maldng girls from 10 to 15 
years old are some of the interesting 
objects. 

"The Galveston Flood^Msa vivid picture 
of the great disaster of September, 1900,. 
producing remarkably realistic effects 
through the use of plastic and pictorial 
art, combined with mechanics and elec- 
tricity. Real water, real waves washing 
a real beach, the destruction of the city 
with all the noises of that fearful storm^ 
and the restoration of the stricken city. 




Tlie B«7 of Bantiaeo as it is reprodnoed at St. Louis. Here the naval display is made. 



to this marine picture are the "Deep Sea 
Divers," operated under water in com- 
plete armor and harness. 

Japanese life and manners as never 
before witnessed in the United States 
make the Japanese Village one of the 
principal sights of the Pike. Parts of the 
imperial gardens at Tokio, filled with very 
old trees trained in shapes of man, bird 
and beast, the Temple of Nikko, all the 
life of a street in Asakusa, 300 natives, 
jinrickashaws, roosters with tails 25 feet 



make an effect that is truly great. "New 
York to the North Pole" is an illusion 
with the actual reproduction of an ocean 
liner 500 feet long by 80 feet wide, com- 
bined with a trip to the north pole. 

In the same class of amusements comes 
"Under and Over the Sea,'' a wonderfully 
realistic trip to Paris by submarine boat 
and return by airship to the Exposition. 
Here the passengers are in the midst of a 
furious tempest while sailing in mid-air. 
"Creation," a mammoth illusion, takes the 



34 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



spectator back through ten centuries, on 
a canal of real water, to the Genesis. 
Within the shell of a dome larger than 
that of St. Peter's, the earth and the seas 
are formed from the void at the command 
of a supernatural voice. 

The "Streets of Seville" show the life 
and customs of Spain. The "Plaza de 
Toros of Madrid,'' the famous market 
place of Triana, the "Gypsy Lane of Bar- 
celona" are filled with Dons, Senoritas 
and gypsies. Then the eyes are pleased 
with the delicate green and deep red rose 
color scheme of the "Teatro de los Floros." 
Widely remote coloring is obtained from 
the Chinese Village with its theatre and 
players, the joss house and tea garden 
built of bamboo and palm leaf. Two 
hundred native artisans are plying their 
curious trades by hand as they have done 
for centuries. 

The "Battle Abbey" is the largest cyclo- 
rama ever constructed, showipg all the 
decisive battles of the world. The life of 
the Cliff Dwellers is illustrated by careful 
reproductions of strange caves existing 



to-day in the Mancos River Canyon of 
Colorado— the habitations of a lost race, 
combined with the pueblos of their 
descendants, the Zuni Indians of New 
Mexico. The "Sibeuian Railway" and 
"Russian Village" take one into the frozen 
north and reveal the widely beautiful 
scenery of a little appreciated countr}-, 
with its peculiar customs. "Cairo" is a 
larger and much more dignified and 
accurate picture of the land of the Khedive 
than the famous "Streets of Cairo" at 
Chicago. The Bedouins of the desert are 
a living part of a show that employed 
many hundreds of natives and animals. 

A new spectacle is "The Firefighters," 
an extraordinary exhibition of a crack 
organization of American fire laddies with 
their modern apparatus. Houses in flames 
furnish the fiery theatre for scientific life 
rescuing. "Hunting in the Ozarks" is the 
largest shooting gallery ever built. The 
hunters roam through the natural forests 
and bag game that unexpectedly springs 
from all sorts of coverts. A "Forty-Nine 
Mining Camp" depicts the West of the 



r?^ 




The "Siuike Dance" in the Indian TiUa^e on "The Pike. 



THE ANGEL IN THE MOON. 



35 



gold fever period with its life and rude 
customs and ruder justice revived. "Old 
St. Louis'' is a collection of historic 
buildings standing with their true rela- 
tions as they did in the days of the first 
settlement. The earlier life of the pion- 



eers is graphically told by living imper- 
sonations of traders and Indians. The 
largest scenic railway in the world is 
another feature, while the great "Observa- 
tion Wheel" overlooks all this display of 
amazing sights. 




Huta of the Vluyuii in the Fhilipplna viUace on "The Pike.'* 



THE ANGEL IN THE MOON 

Have you ever seen the angel in the moon, 
With her outstretched pinions gleaming 
gold on gold, 
And her shadowy draperies streaming fold 
on fold? 
Have you ever seen the angel in the 
moon? 

O'er the fates of all on earth 

From the tragic hour of birth 
Till the gates of death swing open and the 

weary souls pass through, 
She keeps watch and ward, and waiting, sees 
the dreams of life come triie. 

— Lischen M. Miller. 



AN INDICTMENT OF RUSSIA 

Lne grievances of tbe people of RuMia under tbe government of tbe Czars 
By William H. Galvani 



THAT the exiled Eussians through- 
out the world, and, more espe- 
cially, in lands where the bold 
and free spirit of Anglo-Saxon 
civilization guarantees liberty 
to all, should be so unanimous in their 
emnity towards Russia, is something that 
the vast majority of writers on present- 
day topics can not understand. But, as 
a matter of fact, it is not Russia that 
stirs every one of those exiled men and 
women to so unbending an enmity. It is 
the Imperial Government of the Czar- 
ridden Empire, the actual and terrible 
source of all of long-suffering Russia's 
misfortunes, against which there is such 
an outburst of hostility. 

The question naturally suggests itself — 
what are the actual causes that give rise 
to such hostility? 

The causes which gave rise to these hos- 
tile demonstrations on the part of the 
Russian exiles abroad are not of a per- 
sonal character — ^these are to be found in 
the grievances of the whole people of Rus- 
sia. Twenty-five years ago Wendell Phil- 
lips, addressing Harvard College, took 
occasion to defend the noble band of men 
and women who enlisted under the ban- 
ner of Human Rights in a life and death 
struggle with the bloody despotism of 
Russia. In that memorable address — 
^^The Scholar in a Republic" — delivered 
within three months after Alexander II. 
was sent down the way of the Czars, in 
the streets of St. Petersburg, Wendell 
Phillips proclaimed that "for every sin- 
jofle reason they (our fathers) alleged, 
Russia counts a hundred, each one ten 
times bitterer than any Hancock or 
Adams could give/' But bitter as the 
grievances of the people of Russia were 
twenty-five years ago, they are infinitely 
more so under Nicholas II. in the year 
1904. Chief among these grievances are: 

The enormous army, navy and civil 
service, requiring a svstem of taxation for 
their maintenance that amounts practi- 
cally to confiscation. 



The overbearing arrogance of the gov-, 
eming class who, aided by the impostures 
of their twin-brother, the organized priest- 
hood, have established a system most hate- 
ful for its cruelty, oppression and usur- 
pation. 

The deliberate failure of the Imperial 
Government to provide at least a common 
school system that would be adequate to 
forever remove the dark blot from a coun- 
try, wherein, in this twentieth century, 
more than half of the population remains 
hopelessly illiterate. 

The total absence of a free press, free 
speech, free assembly, and of oflScial re- 
sponsibility of any kind, have made it 
possible for the Imperial Anarch to 
quench the fires of freedom in the blood 
of Russia's noblest men and women. 

Tlie brutal and cunning policy of en- 
couraging sectional and sectarian strife 
among a people who under all ordinary 
circumstances would never be guilty of 
such criminal folly, is practiced in order 
to divert their minds from the actual 
source of their bitter sorrows and needless 
misfortunes. 

The frequent wars of conquest waged 
by the Imperial absolutism upon it*^ 
peaceful neighbors, whenever internal 
feuds come to a standstill, have kept a 
country of enormous resources in a con- 
stant state of bankruptcy and reduced a 
patient and industrious people to a most 
hopeless condition of poverty and degra- 
dation. 

The base and deliberate system of lying, 
fraud and violation of treaty obligations 
on the part of the Imperial Grovernment 
— both at home and abroad — ^has, by the 
grace of Nicholas II. and his ofBciai rep- 
resentatives, made Russia an object of 
scorn and derision among the civilized 
nations of the earth, and more than ever 
convinced every thinking mind that the 
Wliite Czar's call for peace only means 
war in which every principle governing 
civilized warfare is violated, and his Im- 
perial hints in favor of religious tolora- 



THE MOUNTAINS— A PASTEL. 37 

tion are only signals for riot, rape, and over additional territory and population 

plunder of defenseless people. in ease of victory over Japan. 

These are but some of the grievances Those who best know the nature of Eus- 
which, without any international organ- sia's governing brigands know only too 
ization, concerted action or mutual under- well that in the himiility of defeat alone 
standing, have prompted every exiled man there lies the hope for anything like a 
And woman to disown and denounce in representative system of government. The 
unmistakable terms the hypocriijy and crushing defeat of the Crimean war about 
brutality of the Holstein-Gottorp and An- fifty years ago brought the emancipation 
balt-Zerbst dynasty for provoking a of almost fifty millions of serfs, and a 
hloody war with a peaceful people who, disastrous campaign in the Far East at 
to their credit and to Russia's diame be this time may bring liberation to the en- 
it said, have achieved in fifty years under tire population of Russia from the dead- 
their Mikado more than Russia has under liest and most brutal power that ever op- 
the Czars through all of her national ex- pressed humankind. 

istence. It is because of such a condition 

of affairs that Russians at home and ^r xx- tt /-r i • j 

abroad prefer all the' terrors of defeat to ^^^- ^^' ^' ^^^^^^ '^ ^ recognized au- 

an increased arrogance of absolutism and thority on Russian affairs, having spent 

the further extension of its despotic rule half of his life in that country. 



TKe Mountains — A Pastel 

By Manon Cook Kjugkt 

The Aesthetic Soul stood on tlie edge of the High Bluff and gazed long at 
the Glorious View. Her eye traveled over the shimmering expanse of water, and, 
following the turn of the river, rested at last upon the Mountains, silhouetted 
against the flaming, sunset sky. Then she sighed. 

It had been a bright day and her Shadow was still with her. ITor is it likel}- 
lie would leave her side at the setting of the sun. There is the moon, you know, 
:and evening is such a happy time. When she sighed so heavily, and that longing, 
tinsatisfied look came into her eyes, he was much troubled. 

"What is it?'' he asked. "Are you not happy?'' 

"It is the Mountains," she said. "They are so suggestive. They make me 
long to do so much, to accomplish great ends; they make me unsatisfied with my 
present narrow confines. They intimate the possibility of a fuller life, — but I have 
«o few opportunities." 

She sighed again, and then they turned and walked slowly, thoughtfully, 
homeward. 

She was very ambitious and aspired to Great Things. 

On that same Bluff, a little later, the Weary One came to rest. Slie sat long, 
and at length the reflection and beauty of the glowing West shone in her face and 
made it glad. 

He Whom She Loved stole softly up behind her and, taking her hand, held it 
tenderly in his warm, rough one. The day had been a hard one for him, too. 

"What makes you so happy?" he said. "Are you not tired, Little One?" The 
face she turned to him would have been a revelation to the Aesthetic Soul. 

"A little," she answered, "but I forget it all looking at the Mountains. They 
inspire one so. They glorify everjrthing and make Life take on brighter hues. 
With you and the Mountains, Love, what more could I ask?" 

And the Peace of the Twilight Hour rested on them both. 



ON THE SHORES OF THE PACIFIC 

A description of tbe ixrave-kiMcd beaclies, ixrkitlier throng 
tke toil-ixrom for rest and recreation 

By Hugk Herdman 




Childimi in th* lurf at Jjong Beaoh. 



THE Easterner who visits the 
beaches of the Pacific Northwest 
for the first time almost inva- 
riably gives utterance to a feel- 
ing of disappointment. He is 
usually more or less familiar with the At- 
lantic Coast summer resorts, with their 
large and magnificently appointed hotels, 
their elegant summer homes, and their 
commodious bathhouses. He has either 
mingled with the elite of society who 
throng there to escape the stifling heat of 
the city, and maintain even there the bar- 
riers of exclusiveness ; or, as an outsider, 
he has viewed them with curiosity — per- 
haps with envy. He has attended the 
balls, the concerts and the banquets, or he 
has heard or read of them. His idea of a 
summer at the beach is that it is a con- 
tinual round of fashionable gaiety. Nar- 
ragansett Pier, Newport and Atlantic City 
are the names which come uppermost in 
his mind, when he thinks of the resorts 



where the well-to-do spend the summer 
months. 

Accordingly, when he comes to the Pa- 
cific Coast and hears us talk of our 
beaches he pictures them as he knows 
those in the East to be. He imagines that 
he will find hotels and homes, of course 
not so elegant or costly as those on the 
Atlantic, but attempting to approach them 
in these respects. Hence he is disap- 
pointed. He sees no great hotels, no 
splendid mansions. Instead, he finds com- 
fortable frame hostelries and neat, little 
cottages nestling among the firs and hem- 
locks and oaks, half hidden from the sea, 
but within hearing of its incessant roar. 
On inquiry, he learns that there is no ex- 
clusive quarter where only millionaires 
may abide. On the contrary, he finds the 
huml)le cottage of the man who is in com- 
fortable circumstances within a stone's 
throw of that of the man whose thrift has 
yielded him millions. The engineer of the 



ON THE SHOEES OF THE PACIFIC. 



39 




SeenMt enjoyment it to be found in the oontact with the breakinff waves. 



locomotive that draws a private car may 
live next door to the man who rides in the 
car and calls it his. The bookkeeper may 
lean over his back fence and chat with the 
president of the bank in which he works, 
and they may gather driftwood together 
on the beach to fill up their fireplaces. 

Far from being places where Dame 
Fashion holds sway, they are real resorts 
where the weary may rest, the weak grow 
strong, the invalid convalesce. Whatever 



artificial barriers of society may be erected 
in the city are here let down, and human 
nature again usurps the rule. The one 
pre-requisite to freedom and a good time 
is respectability. Of dances — ^never balls 
— there are many; and parties — ^never 
fetes or banquets — succeed each other in 
rapid succession. Consequently, if our 
Easterner stays long enough (and he usu- 
ally does) he feels his first impression of 
disappointment vanishing and being re- 




Tlie "T. J, Potter," the paUtial iteamer plying between Portland and Dwaco. 



40 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




BirdMje view of Lon^ Beach. 

placed by a hearty admiration of this typ- 
ical Western way of enjoying nature at 
her primitive best, and a keen exultation 
in the vigor and the freedom of the 
healthful life. 

On tiie beach he discovers, mayhap to 
his surprise, that women^s bathing suits 
are intended to be used in bathing in the 
water, rather than in the sunshine and 
the admiration of men, or the envy of 
women. And, wonderful to behold ! he 
sees them put to the use intended. In- 
credible? I affirm it. 

Under a sun which rarely is dimmed 
by a cloud, and in a temperature which 
seldom is warmer than seventy-five de- 
grees, he sees young and old of both sexes 
indulging in all the sports which appeal 
to mankind on a holiday. 

Here is a company of children, equipped 
with spade and bucket, industriously dig- 
ging and clawing after the nimble razor- 
back clam ; there a crowd of boys and meji 
playing baseball on the long, almost level 
slope of the firm sand at low tide ; yonder, 
their elders indulging in the more sedate 
game of croquet; and yonder, bicyclists 
and horseback riders speeding up and 
down the beach. When the tide turns and 



approaches half-fiood, they desert their 
games and don their bathing suits for a 
few plunges in the cold, exhilarating: 
water. The men, ungallant creatures, gel 
enough of this long before the women do, 
because the water is very cool and they 
seem to become chilled more quickly than 
do the members of the sex which we in 
moments of abstraction or self-delusion 
term "the weaker." I have seen a robust^ 
red-blooded son of Adam standing on one 
foot and looking like a blue heron, chilled 
to the marrow and chattering like a ca- 
nary, while a frail slip of a girl dived and 
paddled about in the water as if it were 
at a hundred degrees. 

On the Washington side of the Colum- 




The lifMATinff boat at Ilwaoo Beaoh. 

bia, and extending down to North Head 
which surmounts Cape Hancock, or Cape 
Disappointment, as it is generally called, 
is Long Beach, so called from its long. 




Surf bathinf U a favorite pastime at Lonir Beaoh. Every day, dnriac 



ON THE SHORES OF THE PACIFIC. 



41 



^^^^^s^hfi^B^^^^V 




1 






- z.J^ J 


^^^^^^H^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^"-« 



TIm liffhthouM at Fort Canbj, the mouth of tho CoIiunMa. 



uninterrupted stretch of smooth sand. 
It extends north for a distance of 23 miles 
z& far as Leadbetter Point, which over- 
looks Shoalwater Bay. Besides the pleas- 
ures which the beach affords, there are 
those of a trip to North Head Lighthouse, 
which stands upon the rocky summit of 
Cape Disappointment and signals to the 
watchful mariner that both danger and 
safety lie there — danger if he permit his 
flhip to be hurled against the beetling 
crags, and safety if he cross the bar aright. 
Then, too, there is Fort Canby, which the 
United States has constructed and garri- 
soned to protect the harbor from invasion. 
Here perches another lighthouse, whose 
rays are visible 21 miles away. 

Long Beach has the distinction of sup- 
plying its residents with driftwood to last 
them the entire season. The currents 
which swirl around North Head pile high 



up on the slope during the winter great 
quantities of wood of all sorts. Here is a 
huge fir or spruce log, or perhaps a tree, 
root and all, at one time a towering deni- 
zen of the forest, now beaten and broken 
by the waves and cast upon the shore like 
some nude corpse. Here lies a shattered 
spar from some sailer, here the lid of a 
chest, both Jaden with mystery and sug- 
gestive of storms, privations and death. 
Before a fireplace blazing with the bril- 
liant flames of these tokens of tragedy, 
Fancy spreads her wings and soars in an 
atmosphere of pure romance. She see*; 
the storm-racked vessel and hears the cries 
of the death-stricken sailors. In the agony 
of impotence she beholds the one rent 
asunder by the relentless billows and the 
others engulfed in the insatiate maw of 
the sea. Or, perhaps, a log of sandal 
wood wafts her on its incense to the sun- 




tbe tiimnier montht, the ocean' • ed^ is thronged with tportiTO bathen. 



42 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



smiled shores of Japan^ and she views 
that new-old nation casting aside its 
swaddling clothes of ignorance and super- 
stition and arraying itself in the mail of 
the warrior. 

This beach has only recently become a 
place of sojourn for the pleasure-seeker. 
A few years ago the gulls wheeled their 
silent flight undisturbed by man; the 
seals and sea-lions sported immolested 
near the shores; and the whales spouted 



there to flounder and die. We have not 
yet reached the sea-serpent stage in the 
development of seaside novelties, and 
until we cease to be interested in a mon- 
ster no larger than the whale, we shall 
probably hear nothing of his submarine 
relative. No doubt he will be forthcom- 
ing when occasion demands, but that time 
is not yet. 

As the sun rising over the edge of the 
Atlantic pushes back the curtain of the 




FeoulUr rock form&tisn in th* lower Columbia. 



and gamboled unseen, save by those aboard 
passing ships. Now the gulls keep a wary 
and anxious eye lest one of the tribe of 
man approach too near ; the seals and sea- 
lioris, though still to be seen almost any 
time, keep farther from the shore than 
they were wont to do; and the whales arc 
sighted at farer intervals than before. Oc- 
casionally, however, one of these mammals 
comes too close to shore and soon finds 
himself beaten, driven and rolled by die 
resistless breakers high upon the sand, 



night and paints the heavens with hues of 
gray and purple and saffron and gold, and 
ushers in the rosy-fingered morn, so the 
same sun sinlcing below the edge of the 
Pacific, 12,000 miles and more away, 
draws the slow curtain of the northern 
night, and bathes the heavens in the gold, 
the saffron, the purple and the gray of 
heavy-eyed eve, leaving us breathless with 
wonder at the splendor of creation, and 
exalted with thanksgiving for the majesty 
of the Creator. 



A DELAYED HONEYMOON 

A practical joke -wkiek tkreatened to develop 
aerioua coiuequencefl 

By Aloyaius Coll 



STRANGE !— four men in swallow- 
tails out in the shadow of the 
rose bushes of the back garden — 
and so many pretty young girls 
flitting about on the front lawn; 
music and dancing on the piazza ; delicious 
refreshments at cozy corners here and 
there ! 

The old country mansion, notable for 
many gay gatherings, to-night smelled of 
October leaves ; October stars shined over- 
head; the dews of an autumn night 
sparkled on the grass ; horses champed and 
neighed at the great gates leading in to 
the secluded house — all about the artis- 
tic riot and merriment of a happy wed- 
ding night ! 

But four men in swallowtails had 
drawn apart into the darkness — beyond 
the light of the lanterns and the lamps. 
Not even the piquant glow of a cigar 
burning on the bosom of the darkness 
to betray their ambush ! 

Alexander Bonbright was speaking. 
'*I tell you what, fellows, it's easy — easier 
than you think. TheyVe got to drive to 
the station to-night — seven miles the 
shortest way — ^to catch the Express on the 
main line going east. The train leaves 
at 12:20. We have two white teams, so 
much alike you can't tell one from the 
other in daylight, let alone in the dark. 
Besides, I've been to a wedding or two, 
and everybody's too flusteted to notice 
anvthing out of the ordinary. 

"But would it be quite fair, Alex? 
Teddy's such a soft lump, after all; to 
separate him from her that one hour 
would kill him. I don't want to unload a 
stiff at the station — I'm no undertaker !" 

"Let me remind you of a certain night 
not so long ago, Gene Morton," replied 
the unrelenting Alexander — "the night 
you liad your wedding! Who did the 
decorating, if it wasn't this same Mr. 
Groom who's going to be the victim to- 
night? Doc has it in for him, too — ^he's 
the man that had the announcement cards 



distributed on the train when Doc and 
Sally went off." 

"Right you are, Alex," chimed the 
dentist. "I'm for anything that'll make 
that gentleman look back over his records, 
and strike a balance on old scores." 

"Tom Benford hasn't any reason to be 
chicken-hearted in the game, either," 
persisted Bonbright. Benford was the 
fourth of the group. 

'^ell, what's the plan, as it's now 
completed?" said Morton. "We can't 
stand here all night — it's a dead give- 
away. Besides — ^this bimch of petticoats 
don't get together every night!" 

"Simple as rolling off a log," answered 
Bonbright. "We'll have the two white 
teams with the cabs ready for action in 
good time. One of the fellows can acci- 
dentally break the big electric globe on the 
front porch with his cane in the excite- 
ment as the bridal party is sighted coming 
out to make a dive into the bridal cab. 
There won't be any light on the porch, 
then, except the glow of the Chinese lan- 
terns — and I think they'll all be burned 
out by that time. Ted never suspects 
me of being in the game to trick him — 
I've promised him to be a faithful best 
man all the way through. He knows the 
rest of the gang's loaded for him." 

"Now, Gene can go out just before time 
for the bridal party to start, and climb 
up on to one of the cabs with white horses 
I've made arrangements for Mrs. Mun- 
roe to get in before this, and wear an 
overcoat and my hat. She'll look enough 
like the groom to deceive Bess in the 
dark for a few moments — and that's all 
that's necessary. Once the door's slammed 
shut we don't care. I've had the levers 
removed from the inside of the cabs, and 
there's no opening them except from the 
outside. Mrs. Munroe's entered into the 
spirit of the thing, and won't mind the 
drive to the station and back for the fun 
we'll all get out of the trick." 

"When Gene drives his cab up. Doc, and 



44 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



some more of the fellows we^U take in, can 
help the bride to make a grand rush down 
the steps and into the cab. The minute 
she's stowed in beside her chaperone, slam 
the door, and give Gene the word to break 
2i,WB.y. Meantime, leave it to me to handle 
Mr. Teddy. I've already assured him 
that Tm going to help him fool all the rice 
throwers and old shoe hurlers, by making 
arrangements to have the bridal cab down 
at the gate, in the rear lane. I'll escort 
him down myself." 

"What giri's going to be the bride? He 
won't go without Bess; you can bet on 
that." 

"Nell's going to be his bride — ^it won't 
matter, she's his sister — ^'till we get him 
started rightly. Whaf s the diflference 
then if he does find out that the bride's 
maid has been palmed oflf for the bride? 
You see, this back lane is almost pitch 
dark, there are so many overhanging 
trees. Tom can have Nell under tow 
right ahead of me — I'll hold Ted for a 
bracer — and he'll not discover the ruse 
till he gets into the cab. Then, I'll take 
care that Mr. Groom's cab never overi;akes 
Gene. Gene '11 have the better horses, 
and if Ted gets out, and insists on driving 
himself, he won't be able to catch up 
anyway." 

"It's a good scheme, Alex," said the 
others in chorus. "Come on!" 



The guests flocked on to the front 
piazza. Everybody was laughing, talking, 
shouting at the same time. At the door, 
the crowd became a jam. 

"Here they come!" was the cry from 
those nearest to the hallway. 

Littl6 bags of rice were lifted out of the 
tight squeeze, ready to fling, and old 
shoes were gripped with firmer fingers, 
ready to cast in the wake of the fugitives. 
Above the commotion, a cane was waving ; 
suddenly it struck the fifty-candle power 
electric globe, now the sole light in front 
of the house, and a shower of glass fell 
upon the floor and over the guests ! Loud 
cheers, mingled with feminine shrieks, 
went up, as darkness enveloped the mad 
rush. 

Meantime, deception was playing in the 
rear hallway. First, down the stairs 
tripped a girl enveloped in a long coat, 
and on the arm of Tom Benford she 
rushed from the rear door down the lane. 



Next came two men, one carrying a travel- 
ing bag. "Here, old man, take this for a 
bracer!" whispered Bonbright, to the 
groom. "Do as I tell you, and we'll beat 
'em badlv. They've all gathered to the 
front!" " 

"Hurry, man!" Bonbright gripped the 
groom by the arm. 

"Where's Bess?" 

"Gone ahead. Benford has her safe. 
See them, — just turning the lane?" 

"The two hurried down the shadowy- 
lane. As the groom and his best man 
made the last turn in the lane, they could 
see in the dim night Tom Benford assist- 
ing the girl into the cab, to which wa» 
hitched a pair of white horses. 

As the groom came up, Benford swung 
wide the door of the cab, and with a 
double, "Good luck, old man!" and "Be 
good to him, Bess!" Teddy was shoved 
into the cab, and the door slammed shut 
upon him. Bonbright hopped up beside 
the driver. The horses dashed away — ^but 
their speed was soon reined to a rough 
walk. "Whatever you do, or I do, you're 
not to catch up with the cab that has the 
other white horses in it," was Bonbrighf s 
command to the driver. 

"I guess this pair," indicating the 
occupants of the cab, "don't wan't to ketch 
anvtliing else just now, do they ?" was the 
laconic reply. 

Immediately Bonbright heard a loud 
thumping on the inside of the cab, and hi» 
name coupled with a storm of invectives. 

What sounded very much like a foot 
kicking the roof of the cab, was the next 
disturbance from within. Twice the 
driver turned to look back. "Sort of 
strenuous toosin'!" he ventured, in Bon- 
bright's apparently deaf ear. 

"Listen!" said Bonbright, hurriedly. 
"This is a wedding joke — imderstand? 
If I give you a poke in the ribs anywhere 
along the road, make a wrong turn. Get 
lost! See? Lose time, somehow!" He 
slipped a coin into the cabman's fist. 

Bonbright turned to look back. A 
shower of glass rained out into the road f 
A man's foot continued to kick the ragged 
shards from the door of the cab ! 

"Whoa!" yelled the driver. 

Bonbright hopped down. The same 
instant a long arm protruded through the 
hole in the glass, opened the cab door from 
the outside — and the groom bounded out. 

"Sneaking traitor I" he howled, mad 



A DELAYED HONEYMOON. 



45 



with rage. Then he darted back into the 
cab and dragged his sister through the 
door. "Get out of here!" he snarled in 
supreme disgust. "Fun^s fun — ^but this 
is nothing but a low-lived trick! No 
decent fellow would act like you have," 
he continued, lunging at Bonbright. 

The arch plotter stepped back, stagger- 
ing with laughter. 

"Where's Bess?" The question was 
uttered through set teeth. 

^^ou never played any honeymoon 
tricks, did you?" was the provoking 
reminder of Bonbright. 

''Where's Bessr 

"Gone ahead." 

"You said that same thing when you 
were starting me down the lane on this 
fool errand, you — ." He broke into a 
run towards the house. Bonbright raced 
after him, calling: "Stop! Stop, Ted! 
She has gone ahead. Wait, and I'll 
explain !" 

The groom stopped short, and stood 
quivering with vexation. 

"She was put into another cab at the 
front porch, and sent ahead of you. It's 
merely a Uttle trick to cheat you out of 
the ride to the station with your bride — 
that's all. She'll be at the station when 
you get there." 

"She'll not get there a second ahead of 
me," was the determined reply. "Is this 
the truth, on your honor? You fellows 
have gotten square by this time." The 
tone was humble and beseeching, now. 

"On my honor," swore the other, 
slightly softened by the helplessness of 
his friend. 

"Who's with Bess?" 

"Your aunt — ^Mrs. Mimroe. Gene's 
driving." 

They both dashed back to the cab they 
had deserted, passing the groom's sister, 
as she hurried back to the house to tell 
the other guests how well the plans had 
carried out. Bonbright started to climb 
up to the driver's seat. "No you don't — 
I'll handle the whip the rest of the way," 
and Bonbright was pulled back. "Get 
inside," was the command of the groom. 
Bonbright gave the cabman a sly poke in 
the ribs, and obeyed. 

The horses were lashed to their utmost 
speed. At a reckless pace the cab jolted 
along for a mile. "You can't keep up this 
gait, up hill and down hill," cautioned the 



driver. "You'll kill a horse, and won't 
get to the station at all." 

"Don't care; I'm going to catch the 
other cab, or kill both horses, or pull the 
tongue out, or drive that simpering idiot 
inside over the bank somewhere." The 
long lash writhed in hissing cracks over 
the flanks of the startled steeds. 

Another mile — and then another; still 
no cab, no white horses in sight! Bon- 
bright himself began to marvel at Gene's 
driving. 

Suddenly the driver swerved his pair 
to the left, and they went steaming down 
a narrow road. Had it been daylight, the 
groom would have known this as a little- 
frequented highway, for grass grew close 
to the wheel-marks. 

Another ten minutes of driving, and the 
cabman drew up, looking carefully to right 
and left. "What now?" growled the other 
man on the box. 

"I thought I was takin' a near-cut by 
making that last tum-^I guess I ought 
'a' kept on to the next tum-oflf." 

" you !" exploded the other, wildly, 

snatching the reins. 

"Get off!" he thundered. "Jump, or 
I'll throw you off!" 

"I'm responsible for this team," 
answered the cabman. 

"I'm responsible for my wife!" The 
driver went sprawling. 

Before he could regain his feet, the cab 
wheeled suddenly and dashed on, the ter- 
rified horses galloping in their traces 
under the scourge of their new master. 
A trail of dust rolled on into the darkness ; 
a cursing cabman trudged along the road, 
far in the rear ; a half repentant trickster 
poked his head out through a fringe of 
glass shards, and wondered what instant 
Death should pick his mangled body up 
along the highway. 

Two lathered horses, mouse-colored 
with a mortar of sweat and country dust, 
dashed up to the railroad station, hung 
their heads, and coughed. Players at a 
late game of cards looked from the win- 
dow of a pullman on the Express. It had 
already pulled into the station. Seeing 
the white horses, the late watchers 
laughed: "A bridal party, fellows!" 

"All aboard," called the conductor, 
sharply. 

A hundred yards beyond the little 
station house, the heads and necks of a 
second mouse-colored pair of horses were 



46 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



visible. As the groom gave one hurried 
look in their direction, a couple of tall 
men started forward on a run down the 
platform, gesticulating frantically and 
shouting something that was lost in the 
roar of the engine. 

"All aboard,^' snapped the conductor. 
The train moved. 

"Here's your bag," said Bonbright, "and 
good luck, old boy!" Crawl on — ^there's 
Gene — ^he's put Bess on all right." 

The train, pulling out on a stiff down- 
grade, had gained rapidly. The groom 
hurled his traveling case aboard, mounted 
the step, and with one last wave, fled in 
the door — to join the bride stolen from 
him for one whole hour! 

The two men dashed up to Bonbright, 
shouting madly. Then the three looked at 
each other in dumb consternation, and 
dashed into the telegraph office. 

Just after the Express had thundered 
past the fourth mile number, a perspiring, 
frantic young man* grabbed the coat-tails 
of the conductor as he went through the 
narrow aisle of the buflfet. 

"But I tell you I can't stop this train 
till we get to Confluence," said the rail- 
road man. "We take water there. You're 
pretty near five miles away from your 
station now, anyway, and if you'd get off 
you'd have to walk back. At Confluence 
you can catch the west-bound Mail, due 



there twenty minutes after we arrive — 
you'll be back much sooner by that, don't 
you see?" 

The young man nodded, glumly. 

The man in buttons had an amused look 
on his face. "Aren't you the groom that 
was to get on to-night — telegraphed for 
the parlor section?" 

"Yes — possibly — but I don't need any 
state-room !" 

"Mighty funny how some women back 
out at the last moment," grunted the 
conductor, passing on. 

When the Express pulled into Con- 
fluence, the operator from the tower was 
waiting on the platform. He handed the 
conductor a telegram, with the words: 
"Give it to him at once, or it'll be too 
late. He's to get oflE here." 

"Get off! — I'd like to see you try to 
keep him on! Wanted to maice a flyin' 
leap at Indian Creek!" 

"It's for you," the conductor said, as 
the groom came down the step. Holding 
the paper with nervous fingers, he read 
by the light of the conductor's lantern: 
"Get oflf at Confluence. Take Mail back. 
Tried to head you oflf at station. Aunt 
flunked last minute. Bess still at home. 
Dancing till 5:18 A. M. train. Cab will 
meet you. 

"Alex." 



DOUBTS 



In early youth love's semblance came to 
me; 
I held it to my heart and doubted not 
That it was love. Oh sweet credulity 
That gave to memory one fair, vernal 
spot. 

In truth, it lived not long, that early dream; 

Like April flowers that soonest fade away 
It passed. And years have passed. And 
now I seem 

Again to feel love's presence day by day. 

It satisfies my mind, my heart, my soul, 
It fills my life with calm content; above 

All else, it complements and round the 
whole. 
And yet — and yet I question: "Is it love?" 

— Florence May Writfkt 




OURVIEW 



Yw fflMBITTLEm r 



'r^W.MVtrai'^ 




There is no day like to-day. 

* « * 

We bow and likewise smile. This is volume twelve, number one. 

* * * 

The essential thing in life is to understand what is worth while. 

* * * 

The true and sure estimation of a man is to be found more by what he does 
not do than it is by what he does do. 

* * * 

In spite of personal preferences, there is an actual, determinable, true valua- 
tion which time and experience have placed upon all forms of human activity. One 
of the greatest problems, therefore, that faces each individual throughout life is a 
recognition of this valuation and a consequent and correct adjustment of his aims 

and ideas. 

mm * 

Stand for the best you know. In business, in politics, in religion, in morals, 
be something, be somebody. Don't compromise. Any fool can do that. Be a man — 
a man with nerve and power and freedom to scorn the compromise. Come out 
into the open and stand for something with your might. Stand {for the best 

you know. 

* * * 

Recent exposures of corruption in public life and the punishment of those com- 
plicated in the matter are indications of normal and healthy Americanism. While 
we are on the lookout to detect and punish those who are false to their trusts, there 
is not much danger of the coimtry going to the dogs. With our outlook upon the 
past, the realization of dangers which threaten us, and our unparalleled energy and 
resources, there is every reason to believe that the United States will go on to the 
greatest and grandest future that the imagination can depict. 

« * * 

Gird on your armor for the battle of life, and fight the fight. ^*He who 
hesitates is lost.'^ Go at the world with courage, with self-belief and unquenchable 
enthusiasm, and the world will stand aside and let you pass on to the rewards 
of success. In all experience nothing is so sure as that the man who believes 
in himself, who understands the proportionate value of things and who knows 
how to work and wait, will eventually attain a desired end. Genius, unless it 
bo the genius of hard, persistent, consistent work, has had little or nothing to 
do with the success of the great men whose names stand out in the pages of 
history. Columbus was no "genius.'' He simply had a fixed idea and he believed 
in it and in himself although the world laughed him to scorn. So with nearly 
ail great discoveries and inventions: it has been belief that has produced success. 
Some men are satisfied with one thing, some with another, but success in all 
its complex and varied meanings stands within the grasp of every man who is 
in earnest about the thing which he has set his hand to do. 



A ^world-'wicle survey of important events in all departments of kuman activity 

-| -,. p The past month has brought some important moves in the great 

Tk W ^^* ^^^ g^ame being played in the East, The first land battle was 
' fought on the shores of the Yalu, and victory perched on the 

standard of the Japanese. A crossing of the river was effected May 1, being stoutly 
opposed by the Russians. The Czars soldiers, however, were swept from the field, 
with a loss of 2,500, while 1,100 Japanese were hilled or wounded. General KuroJci 
continued his advance into Manchuria, successfully overcoming the half-hearted 
resistance of the Russians. There is reason to believe that Kouropathin aims td 
draw the Japanese on until battle may be offered on terms favorable to the Russians. 
He has asked for 100,000 more men. Meamwhile, a second army, under General 
Kodama, was landed on the Liao-tung peninsula, menacing Dalny and isolating 
Port Arthur. It is thought that the repeated efforts of Admiral Togo to close the 
entrance to the harbor have at last proved successful, and that thh Russian fleet 
is at last "bottled up'* in the inner roadstead. With Port Arthur thus completely 
invested by land, and with no escape by sea, her fall is only a matter of time. The 
Japanese cause suffered its most serious loss in an attempt to rid the harbor of 
Kerr bay (near Dalny) of its mines. First, a torpedo-boat, in trying to set 
off a mine, was herself destroyed. Later the fine cruiser Miyako came in contact 
with a mine and was sent to the bottom. The Miyako was comparatively new, a 
20-knot vessel of 1,800 tons displacement, and her loss will be felt. Both the 
belligerent nations have negotiated large loans to finance the war. Russia has 
borrowed $200,000,000 at 5 per cent, in Paris; while Japan has raised $50,000,000 
^ in London at 6 per cent, a considerable part of the loan being subscribed in the 
United States. 



^ - • On April 28, the first session 

Uosing of Qf ^Yie Fifty-eighth Congress 
Ciongresfl came to an end. In review- 
ing the work it has done, three facts are 
impressive. The most conspicuous is 
the legislation accomplishing the isth- 
mian canal. The consummation of 
this long-dreamed-of thing alone insures 
the Fifty-eighth Congress a place in his- 
tory. A second feature is the magnitude 
of the expenditures, the appropriations 
amounting to $781,574,629.99, marking 
it as one of the most extravagant sessions 
on record. The third notable character- 
istic of this Congress is the number of 
things it has left undone. After the 
Panama measures, its important legisla- 
tion could be mentioned in a breath. It 
ratified the Cuban reciprocity treaty; it 



ratified the Chinese commercial treaty, 
providing for two open ports in Man- 
churia; it re-enacted Chinese exclusion; 
it regulated Philippine commerce — and 
that just about sums it all up. When the 
number of great questions demanding 
issue is considered, the list seems small 
indeed. Congress postponed action on 
bills to regulate trusts; Canadian reci- 
procity; measures intended for the relief 
of our insular possessions ; the bill to pro- 
tect prominent officials — occasioned by 
McKinley^s assassination; the anti-in- 
junction bill. Other bills that went by 
the board were the general reciprocity 
bills; tariff revision; investigation of 
postal scandals, land scandals, etc. This 
record of omission is due in great part, 
no doubt, to the approaching election, 



THE MONTH. 



49 



and the consequent desire of the Repub- 
licans — ^the dominant party — ^not to en- 
danger their chances by any legislation 
which might prove unpopular. The 
closing days of the session witnessed some 
sizzling political debates. Bourke Cock- 
ran, the new membjBr from New York, 
stirred up the trouble with a fiery Demo- 
cratic speech. Dalzell replied, and the 
two had it out, without much regard for 
legislative dignity. The closing hour in 
the House was made the occasion of an 
expression of the loving esteem in which 
Speaker Cannon is held by both parties. 
He was visibly touched by the ovation. 

rwf r r t ^^^ fi^*^ steps in the 
r^"i D transfer of the. Panama 

Canal Property rjj^^^i property have been 
taken, and no obstacles to the actual work 
of construction now remain. The action 
brought by Colombia in the French courts 
to restrain the execution of the sale was 
lost, and the title comes to the United 
States without incumbrance. The pay- 
ment of the $40,000,000 was made through 
a svndicate of J. P. Morgan & Co. and was 
managed in such a way as not to disturb 
the money market, and so as to retain 
the ownership of the $40,000,000 until 
it was actually paid over to the Banque 
de France, the designated depositary, 
thus obviating the possibility of further 
litigation. The authority and responsi- 
bility for the construction of the canal 
has been turned over by the President 
to the War Department, with a letter of 
instructions. The Commission, working 
under the Department, is to have charge, 
not only of the actual work of construc- 
tion, but of the government and policing 
of the canal "zone,'^ the necessary meas- 
ures for sanitation, etc. ^'Sanitation" is 
the watchword of the whole affair, and is 
given paramount importance, and every 
precaution will be taken to prevent the 
loss of life by fever, which has so handi- 
capped previous work on the isthmian 
canal. Lotteries, gambling, etc., are pro- 
hibited, but the Panamans are not to be 
interfered with, so long as their behavior 
does not affect the construction of the 
canal. 



plying to pool-rooms special intelligence 
from the race tracks. Evidence was 
Brought forth that the company was 
practically in collusion with the pool- 
rooms, and that the service was supplied 
with full knowledge of its illegal purpose. 
When this startling news was first pub- 
lished. President Clowry at first refused 
to take action, denying any responsible 
complicity on the part of the company. 
Then he presented a compromise action, 
offering to comply with any request of 
public authorities to stop the telegraphic 
service, when specific charges were 
brought. Finally, however, through the 
action of prominent directors — ^notably 
Chaimcey Depew — an order was issued to 
discontinue the service to the pool-rooms 
all over the country. This will deprive 
the Western Union of many millions of 




Through the action of the 
"City Club" of New York, 
the Western Union Tele- 
graph Company has been 
forced to discontinue its practice of sup- 



Tke Western 
Union and tke 
Poolrooms 



"One o&ndidAto't vntamiihed reoord." 

From the PorUand Oregonian. 

dollars revenue, and will put out of busi- 
ness hundreds, if not thousands, of pool- 
rooms. The larger houses will.be able to 
re-establish their business by providing 
private means of telegraphic communica- 
tion ; but the vast majority of these nefari- 
ous concerns will be forced to the wall. 



50 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



^^ . - - On April 30 occurred 

Upcmnj^ oi tke the formal opening of 
bt.LouiB bxpontion ^he Louisiana Pur- 
chase Exposition at St. Louis. Great 
crowds were present, and the ceremonies, 
though of a simple nature, were most 
impressive. President Roosevelt, in Wash- 
ington, touched the telegraphic key that 
set in motion the machinery of the Fair. 
Perhaps the most spectacular feature was 
the first plunge of the great volume of 
water in the cascade fountains. As is 
usually the case with expositions of so 
great magnitude, much work remains to 
be done, especially in the installation of 
exhibits; but this is being rapidly pushed 
to completion, and everything will un- 
doubtedly be ready before the great influx 
of visitors begins. The total cost of the 
Exposition approximates $50,000,000, 
and the result is a spectacle that eclipses 
all previous attempts. A tract of 1,240 
acres of land is occupied by the Fair, and 
nearly 1,000 buildings, including fourteen 
splendid exhibition palaces, have been 
erected. A detailed description of its 
many features would fill a book, but it 
is hoped that most of the readers of The 
Pacific Monthly may be enabled to see 
for themselves the marvels of this greatest 
of "World's Fairs.'^ 

-^ . . . , Last October, the Uni- 
JJecmon Agamflt ^ed States immigration 
lurner authorities ordered the 

deportation of an Englishman named 
Turner, under the act of Congress forbid- 
ding admission to anarchists. He was 
arrested while addressing an assemblage 
in New York, but was released on bail, 
and permitted to return to England. His 
case was carried to the Supreme Court, 
under the contention th^t Turner was an 
anarchist in theory only, who did not 
advocate violence, and that his deportation 
was an infringement of the right of free 
speech. The court decided against Tur- 
ner, arguing that a sovereign nation 
has the inherent right to protect itself 
by keeping out objectionable persons. 
Freedom of speech was not affected, as 
Turner was a foreigner who had not yet 
acquired the right to free speech. 

_^ -. . No new phenomena of import- 
FoiiticB ^j^^Q jjg^y^ arisen in the field 
of politics during the past month. The 
personnel of the Republican convention 



is nearly completed, and over three-f ouriihs 
are instructed for Roosevelt. The plat- 
form, too, has been drawn up — ^by Senator 
Lodge — and will soon be public property. 
It is understood to contain no start- 
ling innovations. Judge Parker — whose 
silence seems invulnerable — is still in the 
lead among the Democratic possibilities, 
and it seems probable that the convention 
will be stampeded in his favor. Hearst, 
it is thought, has shot his bolt, and is 
no longer a prominent factor. There was 
a rumor that, in case a "Cleveland'^ 
or "conservative" candidate were nom- 
inated, the Bryan-Hearst faction would 
desert -and put their own ticket in the 
field, but this was exploded by Hearst's 
flat denial. Mayor McClellan is regarded 
as the only other considerable possibility. 



"o • • 1 A J ^^^ advance of the 

. "^i -^^'^"**^* British forces on their 
in Ihibct "political mission'^ into 

Thibet has been attended with so many 
obstacles and dangers, as to be practically 
at a standstill. The real nature of the 
military errand is, of course, on longer 
concealed, but it is becoming apparent 
that the ability of the Thibetans to offer 
resistance was vastly underestimated. 
They are now armed with modern guns, 
and, considering the difficulties of the 
country, and the rigor of the climate, are 
in a position to make it extremely un- 
pleasant for the Englishmen. There is 
some hope that negotiations may be con- 
ducted which will enable the two countries 
to come to an understanding, but the 
probabilities are that the British, with 
their expected reinforcements, will ad- 
vance toward Tjahassa, the capital city, 
and that they will be stoutly opposed by 
the Thibetans. 



^ . .^ Professor Alexander Bell, 

bcienMic j.^Q venerable inventor of 
Kite Wyin^ ^^^ telephone, has for sev- 
eral years been working on the problem 
of aerial navigation, through the flying 
of kites. At a recent field-day of the 
National Geographic Society, Professor 
Bell conducted experiments in kite flying, 
for the benefit of the scientists. The kites 
used are entirely unlike the familiar pat- 
terns, being tetrahedrals, or four-sided 
solids, each face of which is a triangle. 
Two of the four faces are covered with 



THE MONTH. 



51 



silk, and the frames are made of light 
wood or aluminmn. Steel or aluminum 
wire is used to fly these kites. The kites 
used were but six feet on a side, but 
Professor Bell has sailed them as large 
as thirty feet. Whether any available re- 
sults were obtained from the experiments 
is not known. 

,^ . Marconi, the inventor of wire- 

Marconi j^gg telegraphy, reports that, 
-^*"* on a recent trip across the 

ocean, he was at all times in communica- 
tion with either one or the other continent, 
by means of the "wireless.^^ Until he 
was 1700 miles out, he communicated with 
his European station, and then connected 
with the Glace Bay station, on this side 
of the Atlantic. As a result of his success. 
Marconi announces that he will establish 
daily newspaper service on the Cunard 
line. 




''Who'i Wlu) in the Orient!" 

From the Tacoma Ledger. 



_- T> 1 r- ^® * result of the charges 
The Red LroM brought against the Red 
Society Cross Society, Miss Clara 

Barton, founder of the society, and for 
twenty-three years its president, has re- 
signed, and Mrs. John A Logan — widow 
of General Logan — has been elected to 
succeed her. The unfortunate and deplor- 
able contention which has cast a shadow 
over the noble work of Miss Barton, grew 
out of certain remonstrances against the 
official acts of the president. It was 
claimed that she had exceeded her author- 



ity in the management of a certain dona- 
tion of land, that moneys subscribed for 
the relief of the victims of the Galveston 
flood were diverted from their object, 
and that the accounts of the Society were 
kept in an unsatisfactory manner. Most 
of the charges were withdrawn, aad the 
remainder were answered in such a way 
as to exonerate Miss Barton; but the 
disruption of the Society seemed to neces- 
sitate her withdrawal, as the first step 
toward reorganization. 

_. , . Bvan almost unanimous 

Prcflbytenan ^ote, the Presbyterian 

Lhurchcfl Unite General Assembly, in 
annual convention at Buffalo, decided in 
favor of the proposed union with the 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church. The 
question will have to receive the favorable 
vote of two-thirds of the Presbyteries, 
before finally approved; but this is re- 
garded merely as a form, the result of 
which is a foregone conclusion. The 
Cumberland Church, which left the parent 
body because it could not accept the doc- 
trine of infant damnation, has a mem- 
bership of 185,000. As the objectionable 
clause has no longer a place in the 
Presbyterian creed, there is no barrier 
to the union, which will mean a member- 
ship of 1,250,000 for the Presbyterian 
Church. 

xj TL>r o 1 The death of Sir Henry 
JlenryM.btanlcyM Stanley closes the 
•^**^ career of the most 

famous explorer of our day. He first came 
into public prominence when, as a reporter 
on the New York Herald, he was sent by 
the elder Bennett to discover the where- 
abouts of Livingstone, the missionary and 
explorer, who had been missing in Africa 
for two years. Stanley not only succeeded 
in this, but made some important dis- 
coveries on his own account. After three 
years in the wilderness of central Africa, 
he returned to England to find himself 
famous. The following year he returned 
to Africa, explored the Congo, organized 
the Congo Free State, and performed 
other feats of exploration and discovery. 
For his achievements he was made the 
recipient of distinguished honors. He 
was ^iven the Legion of Honor, was 
knighted, and received many honorary 
degrees. Mr. Stanlev was the author of 
many books of travel and exploration. 



IMPRESS^ 



^s 



JLESKRSKINE-SCOTT-WOODj 



Life desire is kappiness. Freedom 10 kappmess. Only by mental, moral and 
bodily freedom can man truly improve. 

WANTED ! A partner for a life interest in a well-established business. Money 
not 80 much an object as character and brains. Must be sober, ambitious, indus- 
trious, patient and; unselfish, with a safe family history as to habits and body and 
mind. No objection to capital. Intense and jealous love not so much an object 
as general sanity and afiOnity. 

^PPly ^^ Miss Evk. 

LOST! An ideal ; healthy, orderly, thrifty, gentle, kind; more beautiful in 
character than face. She loved so little (or so much) she was content to yield and 
forego in order to promote happiness. She loved her love more than herself and 
never stabbed. She did not think the loyalty and intensity of her love an excuse 
for jealousy, nagging, and the creation of hell upon earth. She was not content 
to be supported, but realized that one-half the labor was hers. She created peace, 
and gave rest. 

Finder will be liberally rewarded if he will return her to the undersigned. 

Everyman, Everywhere. 



Advice to tke Democratic National Convention 

Gentlemen: You will be divided into two camps: the conservatives and the 
radicals. A house divided, against i itself can not stand; but let me suggest you 
would better fall than to unite merely for purposes of plunder. 

You Conservatives would do well to remember that conservatives are always 
wrong. The one sure thing, the only certain thing, is that you are wrong. Con- 
servatism has always stood for the existing order of things, and the existing order 
of things never endures. King John of England was conservative. The feudal 
dukes of France were conservative. And had the conservatism of the world always 
triumphed, the earth would be owned to-day by a few overlords, and the people 
would wear (more visibly than now) the iron collars of serfdom. 

You gentlemen of the Radicals, remember you can not swear you are right; 
and though no progress could ever be made if before the experiment were tried we 
must be sur^ of its success, and though you are right in insisting that new things 
are not to^-be -condemned because they are new, yet remember that not every new 
thing is right, and be patient with your more backward brethren. 

Gentlemen of both the Cojiservative and the Radical camps, what is your 
problem? Is it to win in the coming campaign and secure patronage for the 
office-himgry? Then, in God's name, make your bargain with the powers 
that be and shout vehemently, "Let us in! Let us in!" Suppress every thought 
which will offend any one. Throw principle to the dogs. Be all things to all men, 
and nothing to any one. Get votes ; no matter how you get them, get votes I But 



IMPRESSIONS. 53 

if your problem be to increase the sum of human happiness, to lessen the burdens 
of the many, to aid human progress, you must decide what is the evil you are to 
overthrow. What is that evil? It is precisely the same question (different in 
form and degree) which Athens met, and Rome met, and which the world has been 
meeting since history began. The evil is the government of the many by the few ; 
the money tribute paid to the few by the many. 

This is no more a government of the people, by the people, for the people, 
than were the governments of Pericles, Nero and Louis XI'V. It is only better in 
degree. How much do the people have to say about their taxes? Their laws? 
Every law on the staute books, not a criminal law, is in the interest of some schem- 
ing and predatory few. The people choose certain governors on certain promises 
never carried out. The people are run by bosses, and the bosses are run by property. 
This government is in fact an oligarchy; a collection of many oligarchies within a 
greater oligarchy. Can you show me, gentlemen, any oligarchy which was not 
founded on property? Nay, can you show me any government which was not 
founded on property ? The earliest idea of government was to take from the many 
for the few. That is still the idea and effect of government. Feudalism, with its 
lords and overlords, rested upon the idea of ownership of vacant land by a fee title 
in the lord, viz., landlordship. The despotisms of Athens and Rome rested upon 
landlordship and the right to levy taxes. 

It is the same to-day. It is said Mr. John Rockefeller is worth a billion. No 
man can earn a billion. To him must flow in some invisible channel the tribute 
from, the many, as surely as it flowed to the emperors and nobles of old. This is 
the evil you are to remedy. If you would destroy the oligarchy of government, you 
must destroy the oligarchy of weath. If you would destroy the oligarchy of wealth, 
you must cut the arteries which feed to the few the earnings of the many. 

Disguise it as you may, shout "Demagogy,^^ "Anarchy'^ and ^^ested Rights^' 
as you please, this is the evil which has grown with us into visible proportions and 
which will be somewhat cured by evolution, or, in due time, by revolution. 

It is true we have more personal liberty than had the common' man under 
Nero, Henry VIII. or Louis XV. ; but personal liberty is not all. ^TTou take my 
life when you do take the means whereby I live.'^ 

I say, obscure it, ignore it as you will, the evil assailing this country is a 
plutocratic oligarchy. The conservative who cries, "Let things be as they are,'^ or 
"Stand pat," is as wrong now as he was in the days of Charles I. of England. 

What is the remedy ? The remedy now, as in the past, must be one more step 
toward freedom! freedom! freedom! That government is best which, governs 
least. You must stop repeating these words and you must do them. Once more 
from the statute books of the overlords must be stricken the laws giving privileges 
and monopolies. What are they? 

First — The laws which permit congress to give land to those who do not use 
it. Title to land should depend on use and occupation and with the cessation of 
use and occupation title should cease. The title of congress to land is the title of 
the King of England. Congress has not of right title to one inch of land any- 
where as against the actual user of it. 

Second — The law which prohibitively taxes private banks ten per cent on any 
notes of issue. This was originally a scheme to sell government bonds, and intended 
to give national banks and government bonds a monopoly in the issuance of 
currency. 

Third — The whole protective tariff schedule — as clear a robbery of the people 
by the barons as ever was done upon the Rhine in the Middle Ages. 

Fourth — Railroads must be likened to rivers and compelled to haul any man's 
car at cost or forfeit its franchises if it unjustly discriminates. 

Put in these four planks, gentlemen, and enforce them, and you will cut the 
roots of the trusts — ^not merely tickle their tops. You will have moved toward less 
law, less special privilege, and more freedom. I do not mean personal liberty. I 



64 THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 

mean freedom of action and of thought. Whenever you find a change is in the 
direction of freedom, be sure you are right; be not afraid; go ahead confidently. 
Every step in human progress has been toward freedom, and freedom is the ulti- 
mate goal of all progress. 



Responsibility for Vice 

A Seattle man, Herbert Gowell, committed suicide in Portland, Oregon, be- 
cause he had lost all in the gambling dens of that city. He left a sort Qf will 
directing the gamblers to pay his debts, because they were the authors of his ruin. 
A man named Eichardson is suing certain gamblers in Portland under the law per- 
mitting him to recover double the amount of his losses. 

Such laws as these are responsible for the belief of the Gowells, Richardsons 
and others that the gamblers are the only ones to blame. The persistent insistence 
from the pulpit that those who set traps for the weak are the only blameworthy 
ones, begets such laws. The whole is the result of a false, emotional logic. We feel 
sympathy for the loser, pity for the weak, and so we fly tooth and nail upon the 
purveyor of vice, imtil, in the heat of the onset, all sense of any responsibility in 
the victim is lost. We teach him that he is a much to be pitied, petted and pro- 
tected innocent. The time-honored argument of the gravedigger in Hamlet that 
the water will not come to you to do the drowning, you must go to the water, sug- 
gests the truth. • 

When a man or woman is deprived of all freedom of will and is bound hand 
and foot and forcibly carried into the haimt of vice, he or she may properly call for 
protection. But where the cause of ruin is that the individual is too weak to resist 
the allurements of vice, any forcible protection of the individual does more harm 
than good. It begets a false sense of responsibility. It renders parents less vigilant. 
It induces the belief that the "victim'' is the prey of other? when in reality he is 
the victim of himself. It removes from the victim that opprobrium which he should 
share equally with the tempter. Gambling-house keepers are beyond the pale of 
good society, and are excluded from fraternal orders; but gamblers are not. The 
real law, the true law, the force of unwritten public opinion, is obscured. Looking 
after other people's morals by force of law means a loss of individual freedom and 
individual sense of responsibility, and it never has produced any good commen- 
surate with the evil it does, and it never will. It violates a fundamental, natural, 
universal law — freedom of human will. It is precisely of the same character, 
though diflfering in degree and purpose, as forbidding the holding of religious meet- 
ings not sanctioned by the government. 

It is said the new mayor of Seattle intends by force of law and integrity of 
purpose to have neither gambling, prostitution, nor a "grafting'' police. I predict 
his utter failure. No King Canute will ever stay the tide of luuiiaii aature. 

By some sort of crooked reasoning, people jimip at the conclusion that one 
who does not favor making people good by law, means to let people go to the devil 
without a word of advice or a helping hand to stay their course. The advice, the 
reasoning with the young, the control by parents over the young, the helping hand 
at all timos to all men, is exactly what I do believe in, and I would not obscure our 
responsibility by aiming a law at vice. There will be no vice when there are no 
vicious, and the vicious must become good by their own wills, not by law. 

It is a delusion to think you have destroyed vice because you have built a wall 
around it. Men and women must be taught to resist evil influences. They must 
be reasoned with, prayed with, and helped; but you might as well talk of making 
an arm strong by bandaging it as of making people truly good and strong of char- 
acter by putting them in a desert or on the other side of the wall from vice. 

I^et me humbly suggest to the antagonists of vice that, looked at in the long 
perspective, the reforms which will count are those economic reforms which give 
to the mass a less hopeless struggle for existence and happiness. 



[READER! 



'^m:^\ 



'TTTZ 



P55TS 



A review of current books and an opinion of tkeir menta 



It has come to be true that to denom- 
inate a book a "problem noveF' is to 
characterize it as a morbid, emotional, 
feverish story, dealing with the marriage 
relation, and appealing more or less 
directly to the prurient appetite. It is 
an unfortunate perversion of the term, 
for any book which deals seriously with 
one of the many great questions of life 
may properly be designated a "problem 
novel;" and many, if not most, of the 
works of the greatest novelists may be 
so classified. In this broader sense, "The 
Law of Life," by Anna McClure Sholl, 
is a problem novel. The central theme 
is reminiscent of the Dorothy-Casau- 
bon part of "Middlemarch," although 
the subject is treated in an entirely 
diflEerent way. It is a situation that 
is fraught with many dan- 
gers for the imwary author, but 
is handled with a delicacy, a 
firmness of grasp and a purity of purpose 
that removes it from all suspicion of 
offensiveness. There is no prudish shrink- 
ing from the truth, and the story is carried 
logically to its inevitable conclusion. 

"The Law of Life" is a book of many 
phases. Its locale is a large American 
university, which, under the pseudonym 
of "Hall worth," is recognized as Cornell. 
The people of the story are drawn from 
the students, the faculty and the society 
which clusters about a great college. In 
her depiction of types, the author is most 
successful, and her understanding of this 
peculiar phase of life is deep and true. 
There is a deal of witty and philosophical 
talk, with a sprinkling of memorable epi- 
grams. 

(Appleton's.) 

"How Tyson Came Home" is a book of 



The Law 
of Life 



considerable unevenness. Its first few 
chapters promise much. The introduc- 
tion of characters and the luminous 
picture of the painted buttes and mesas 
of the Southwest justify the reader in 
anticipating a story of swift movement 
and keen interest ; and then, of a sudden, 
the scene shifts to England, the action 
lags and there is little to relieve the 
monotony until toward the close, when 
the narrative seems to gather itself to- 
gether again, and moves swiftly to the 
end. 

The author, William H. Kideing, may 
be an American, or he may be an English- 
man, but he is certainly more at home in 
depicting the life of the former country. 
-J — Tyson, Nona and the Sen- 

riow ly«on ator arc faithfully drawn, 
L.ame Home ^^^. ^j^^ English characters, 
from the lords to the lackeys, all impress 
you as being distorted or caricatured. 

The truth is, "How Tyson Came Home'' 
is none too strong as to structure. The 
author never seems to be quite certain of 
himself, and is forever being swept away 
by little side eddies, that serve only to 
impede the main current of the story. 

(John Lane.) 



It is always good to get back to nature, 
to see her sunny smiles, to inhale her pun- 
gent odors, to feel the renewing power 
of her nearness. There is so much of the 
strenuous, the blatant, the garish in our 
life and literature, that anything to re- 
mind us of the simple things of life is 
to be thrice-welcomed. 

Such seems to be the message of "A 
Bachelor in Arcady," by Halliwell Sut- 
cliff. The central figure — hero he can 
hardly be called — is an amateur gardener. 



56 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



a sort of masculine Elizabeth. He is a 

A R k 1 Purposeless and fanciful indi- 

A*^ J^'^^^^^* whose waking hours 

inArcady g^jjj ^^ ^ divided between 

gardening, fishing and scribbling. He 
is, moreover, a philosopher, in a dreamy 
sort of a way, and an innocent humorist. 
His limitless leisure enables him to become 
intimately acquainted with nature, as she 
reveals herself in field and garden and 
hedgerow. The story of the Bachelor^s 
experiments and labors with flower and 
vegetable, his fishing expeditions, his con- 
versations with the gardener, connected 
by the slender filament of a love story, 
is pervaded with a gentle charm. Its 
humor is quaint and delicious; its philos- 
ophy, true and broad; its sentiment, ten- 
der and fanciful. 

The book is a quiet protest against the 
fever, the over-activity of life. It is as 
pure and cool as a bubbling spring, and 
a draught from its pages will refresh your 
mind and soul, and give you a saner, 
sweeter view of life. 

(T. Y. Crowell & Co.) 

Solomon to the contrary notwithstand- 
ing, there is something new under the 
sun; "The Picaroons,^^ by those two, 
original, Californian collaborators, Gillett 
Burgess and Will Irwin, is certainly "up- 
to-now," to employ an expressive barbar- 
ism. If there is anything more novel, 
more racy, more pungent, it has not 
reached tlie Reader's desk. It is fresh 
coined from the mint of modernity. 

To be sure, the picaresque novel, or 
**rogue romance/' is of ancient inception, 
originated in Spain, and developed in 
England, notably by Fielding. It has 
_, long been a matter for wonder- 

^."* ment that the picaresque has 

Picaroons \^^n gQ neglected, for where 
is the man whose heart does not soften to 
an amiable rascal, or whose interest is 
not held by the annals of his roguery? 

There may be those who will find the 
humor of "The Picaroons" a little too 
broad, and its style a little too highly 
flavored. Every man to his taste, say we. 
Moreover, the picaresque implies these 
very qualities. 

If it were necessary to characterize 
"The Picaroons,'' with one adjective, we 
should, without hesitation, dub it "Frisco- 
esque.'' 

(McClure, Philipps & Co.) 



The bleak New England coast is an un- 
failing hunting-ground for the searchers 
after quaint and eccentric characters. 
Sarah Ome Jewett, Mrs. Greene and 
others have found here the material and 
inspiration for their delightful books, and 
now Mr. Joseph C. Lincoln must be 
added to the list. His "Cap'n Eri'' will 
take rank with the best of them. 

The author does not write from hear- 
say; that is evident. To speak with so 
great understanding and svmpathy of 
these people, he must have lived among 
them, breathed with them the salt air of 
the sea, shared their joys and sorrows, and 
learned to read, beneath the homely, often 
uncouth exterior, the genuine strength and 
sweetness of character. 

Cap'n Eri is the salt of the earth, bluflf, 
great-hearted old mariner that he is. His 
^ , -, . fund of stories and wise sav- 
^ap n tin ^^^ ^g inexhaustible. He is 
the central figure of a group of characters 
that you hail at once as the best of com- 
rades for the brief journey from foreword 
to finis. There is enough of a plot to in- 
sure a connected narrative, but, as is usual 
in books of this nature, chief interest at- 
taches to the quaint speeches and actions 
of the people themselves. 

(A. S. Barnes & Co.) 



A HOME THRUST. 



Booker T. Washington tells a capital story 
of Jerome S. McWade, who, he says, seemed 
to him, when a boy, to ^be the * * smartest col- 
ored man in the world.'* 

** Jerome was a slave. He lived in Vir- 
ginia, at Hale's Ford. One day he appeared 
in a red velvet waistcoat, and straightway 
he was seized and taken to the office, for 
this waistcoat was the master's property. The 
master had worn it on his wedding day. 

**Well, Jerome managed to prove that he 
had not stolen the waistcoat. Calhoun Ham- 
ilton had stolen it, and Jerome had bought 
it from Calhoun for a small sum. 

** *Now, Jerome,' the master said, *I ad- 
mit you're not a thief, but you're a receiver 
of stolen property, and that's just as bad.* 

** *No, no, sir,' said Jerome. *No, no. 
That is not just as bad, by any means.' 

** *Why isn't it just as badf said the 
master. 

** * Because you wouldn't receive stolen 
goods yourself, sir, if it was bad.' 

** *What do you meanf I a receiver of 
stolen goods! Explain yourself,' the master 
commanded. 

* * * Why, sir, ' said Jerome, * you bought and 
paid for me, the same as I bought and paid 
for that red waistcoat. Well, wasn't I stolen 
same as the waistcoat wast Wasn't I stolen 
out of Africa?' " 




Musings of a Mysogyxust — 

There are two infallible ways of win- 
ning a woman. The first is to woo her 
with^might and main, never resting until 
she surrenders. The second is to be 
absolutely indifferent and let her court 
3'ou. Between these two extremes lies 
only failure. 

If all wives were as angelic as most 
men think their fiancees are, married life 
would be as insipid as cambric tea. 

Some girls measure the strength of a 
man's infatuation by the amount he 
spends on violets and chocolates. 

Nothing flatters the average young 
husband so much as to have his wifo 
make him think that she thinks that she's 
"twisting him around her little finger.'* 



HER PARASOL 



A dainty thin?, so deftly wrought 
Of Ivory, silk and fllmy lace, 

I envy you, oh parasol, 

The fortune of your happy place. 

I envy you the gentle clasp 

Of her small hand, so soft and fair. 
As thus you poise above her head. 

And breathe the incense of her hair. 

I envy you the right to shield 

Her from the sun's too ardent rays. 

And would that, too, you might forfend 
My rival's bold, profaning gaze. 

When, with a snap, she shuts you up, 
And puts you on the rack, perdie! 

I know exactly how you feel. 
For that's the way she uses me. 

-G.T. 



About the only use a girl has for men 
is to make the man jealous. 

When a girl suspects that a man's 
intentions are at all serious, the first 
thing she does is to write his name with 
a "Mrs/* before it, to see how it looks. 

When a girl calls you a 'Tiorrid old 
thing," you may know that you have 
reached the top note in the gamut of 
her approval. 




r\i7'- 



58 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



Quotmg Precedent — 

"Paw," began Willie. 

"Yes, my son." 

"Would you like me to be like George 
Washington ?" 

"Certainly." 

"Then you needn^t whip me. I just 
chopped the garden hose into a dozen 
pieces." 

Broken Slumter— 

Doctor: "Did you sleep well last 
night?" 

Patient : "No, my rest was very much 
disturbed." 

Doctor: "Was the medicine I sent 
taken according to directions?" 

Patient: "To tell the truth, doctor, 
the bottle fell from the table and was 
smashed." 

Doctor: "Well, ifs no wonder then 
your sleep was broken." 



Tke Exception — 

"There is only one class of people who 
can use the American flag for advertising 
purposes without objections being raised." 

"What class is that?" 

"The politicians." 



Curtailed Lil>erty — 

First Afghan : "Lo, brother, and since 
the ruler of this hot and benighted country 
has decreed that each of us, his subjects, 
may have no more than four wives, I will 
no longer serve him. I shall leave my 
native land this fortnight." 

Second Afghan: "And where do you 
expect greater liberty, brother?" 

First Afghan: "I shall betake myself 
to an enlightened and blessed place in 
the new world, called Utah." 



>V^c^ 




"Tkrough Tkick and Tkin* 



Tea TaUe Amenities — 

"I wonder," queried the salt cellar, if 
the horse radish will be able to draw 
the tea?" 

"If not," returned the pepper-box, "the 
cheese mite." 

On hearing which the tumbler fell over, 
the cold-slaw shivered, while the napkin- 
ring announced that the meal was ready 
to serve. 



Contemporaneous History — 

"Now," said the teacher, " can any one 
tell me what empire it was that the his- 
torian Gibbon wrote the decline and fall 
of?" 

"I know !" exclaimed the boy with red 
hair. 

"Well, Jimmie?" 

"Russia." 



How tke TrouUe Started — 

Mrs. Flannigan: "Sure, an^ me poor 
husband's corns hurt him that bad he 
can harrdly get along." 

Mrs. Finnegan : "An' I think it's corn 
juice what's ailin' yure poor husband, 
Mrs. Flannigan." 



At tke Wild West SLow- 

Inquisitive young lady: "And did 
your former partner on the plains wear 
his hair long?" 

Bullet-proof Bill : "He wore it as long 
as he could, miss, the Indians scalped 
him you know." 




ROGRESS 




.jfJtiaL " 



For 
pire," 
Great 



AN OUTPOST OF EMPIRE 

By Herbert Cutkbert 

HE FACT is not generally known that Sir 
Francis Drake, one of England's most 
famous sailors, received his knight- 
hood, not for his valor in fighting 
England's battles on the sea, but 
for his peaceful voyages of discovery 
along the Pacific Coast of this continent. 
Long before the Spaniards occupied prac- 
tically all this coast, centuries before the 
<liscovery of the great Columbia River, this 
;:;reat sailor, fighter and discoverer, just thirty 
years after Columbia's second voyage to Amer- 
ra, sailed along these shores of the Pacific, 
lf>ok possession of the whole territory on behalf 
flmt ■teamor on tue ^f his Quecn, and nam'ed it "Nova Albion," or 
Fuiflo— 1B35. Kew England. From that day to this there has 

lieen an outpost of the British Empire on the 
Pad fie Cna!?it. \\s v\nvi location has been changed several times and the 
bintrirv of (In-!?!? tliaci^MA^ it? very interesting, especially of the period when 
it was centered at Nootka Sound in the days of Quadro, Cook and Van- 
couver, 
the past forty years, however, Victoria, B. C, has been this "Outpost of Em- 
where at the village of Esquimalt, three and one-half miles from the city, 
Britain's only naval yard, dry dock and forts on the Pacific Coast are sit- 




8. fi. BeKTfl 




K. M. warships at anchor, Esquimalt harbor. 



60 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



uated. Naturally, should any 
complications arise with other na- 
tions over this war l>etween Rus- 
sia and Japan,' 'the eyes of thu 
world will be upon Victoria^ dA 
they are now upon Port 
Arthur. A descrJi>- 
tipi^-therefore, of tJus; 
intCTCsting city 
may be of inter- 
est. 

This ''Outpost 
of Empire^' is 
not only a mili- 
tary and naval 
station, but is a 
most delightful 
city in every 
way. Victoria is 
the capital of 
British Columbia 
and is known as tb* H 
green Cit/^ of Can.ula. h 
has always been re* nornize*) 
as a city in which life is 
well worth living. Its sit- 
uation is ideal, surrouii<1ed 
as it is on, three sides by tlie 
island-studded Straits of 
Juan de Fuca, leading out 
into the great Pacifir Oceiin, 
the shore-line broken by 
huge, rocky bluffs, shelter- 
ing innumerable small liay.^ 
with sandy beache.^, anil 
from which superb views of 
the snow-capped 01}Tnpian range of mountains and of the lordly Mount Baker are 
always obtainable. 

During the last few years, the tourists, and the health and homeseekers have 
discovered for themselves this favored city, and hence it has, in a very short time. 




Oowlohan Itt^a 
WAjr, &«ar Vlc- 




Moant Baker from Oak Bay. 



PROGRESS. 



61 



become one of the great resorts and residential cities of America. 

The climate of Victoria is the city^s greatest assets notwithstanding its beauti- 
ful environs. For fully seven months in the year, there is a daily average of 
seven hours of bright sunshine, a temperature never over 78 degrees, even in the 
height of summer, and rarely below 40 degrees in winter, and an average rainfall 
for seven months of not more than eight inches. The winter climate is the mild- 
est in Canada ; roses and other flowering plants and shrubs having been in bloom 
during the whole of the winter of 1903-1904. The air of Victoria is invigorating 
and never enervating. 

Aquatic and field sports are indulged in very freely by the young people of the 
city ; in fact, there are few cities of its size on the continent that can compare with 

it in this regard. 
[ \ ^^^^ Splendid driving 

and cycling are 
other features of 
life in this city 
of the Canadian 
Far West. The 
Ocean Avenue 
Beach Drive, 
about eight miles 
long, is one of 
the finest marine 
drives in the 
world. 

The naval sta- 
tion at Esqui- 
mau, with its 
dockyard, dry 
dock, ironclads 
and torpedo - 
boats ; Beacon 
HiU Park, with 
its zoological col- 
lection, fine rec- 
^» ^ ^^^ ^^y^ ^^^ reation grounds, 

^Bn "ffjF JBMPQfWJi^^ beautiful walks 
G^^H^^^^B ^^^^^J^^^^H and drives ; the 

^^■pgHp^HJI^^^^^B^^^ stately pile cost- 

I^JC^^^^^V ^!5^ ing over one mil- 

lion dollars and 
the most beauti- 
ful structure in 
splendid museums 
^collections of animal, 
fhiiiorai iunl ngri cultural specimens; 
(lak Bay, with fine sandy beaches 
beloved of campers; and the far- 
famed Gorge at the head of Victoria Arm, a natural reversible waterfall — all are 
places of interest to those who visit Victoria. During the summer months there are 
daily excursions in steam launches, by rail, by steamer and by tally-ho to the nu- 
merous islands and resorts which surround the city. 

The Victorians are a progressive people, and are doing much to make this "Out- 
post of Empire'^ a model city. It has now a population of nearly 30,000 people. 
ITiere are some very important public works under way, and the Canadian Pacific 
railway, realizing its great future, is building a superb hotel that will be one of 
the finest in the West, and whicli will cost in the neighborhood of $1,000,000. 




d en <t e St patk 
TiewR* and a 
glimxpse of Vie.' 
torlft, B. O. 



--T" 



^ 



Avith iluur iltie 



PROGRESS. 



63 



The opportunities for enjoy- 
ment and pleasure have had a 
great deal to do with making Vic- 
toria such a delightful residen- 
tial city. The trains of the Es- 
quimalt & Nanaimo railway are 
crowded almost daily with citi- 
zens and visitors who are making 
their way to the numerous camp- 
ing and hunting places, within a 
very few miles of the city, where 
they know splendid salmon and 
trout fishing is to be had. 

The people of Europe, of East- 
ern Canada and of the United 
States have really very little con- 
ception of the marvelous beauties 
of this portion of the Pacific 
Coast. Tlie chief charm of this 
superb scenery is that^ it is the 
revelation of the Almighty's con- 
ception of the beautiful, as ex- 
emplified in this perfect combi- 
nation of mountain, sea, sky, 
meadow, stream and headland in one everlasting, perfect picture — the wonderment 
of all who are privileged to behold it. 

Life in Victoria has, perhaps, fewer drawbacks than any other Western city, and 
as one gentleman wrote, "there may be more beautiful places, but in my journey 
round the world it has never been my good fortune to find them." 




Zn Tlotozto's flu* dry dook. 




OREGON'S SUMMER RESORTS 

By Bruce AVolverton 



My first impressions of the seacoast of 
Oregon were wafted to me by the sea 
breezes. They were received in the wiiy 
ter, after storms had lashed the surf into 
a fury, and the angry billows had begun 
to beat their deepest diapason on the reefs 
and rocky headlands. 

My next impressions were real, for the 
reports of a trail cut by adventurous spir- 
its, and the sound of the hunter's horn 
were frequent reminders of the attrac- 
tions in those mountain wilds. Oft re- 
turning tourist parties would talk of 
salmon and flounders, bass and bear, deer 
and elk, so that I had a lively curiosity 
to know more of this wierd land of moun- 
tain and moor, where huntsman^s horn re- 
sounded in echoing refrain to the tune of 
the fisherman^s oar. 

Newport; Eightly have they named 
this resting, trysting place, seated by the 




Cnrlons som*s on tli* shore. 

sea, fanned by the salt air, wooing tl^e 
weary worker and affording all classes an 
opportunity for a real outing, an outing 
by the sea. Fancy pictures it as famous 
at no distant day as her prototype of the 
Atlantic Coast. At this place the Japan 
current is said to approach nearest the 
coast, so that, with favorable breezes, the 
warm waters of this ^^great river of the 
sea'' tempers the surf to its bathers, ren- 
dering this healthful pastime most de- 
lightful. The shore sands slope gently, 












BMMid* mosaics. 

and the undertow is at a minimimi. 

The sea breezes, the breath of the pine 
and cedar, cups of nectar distilled in 
mountain fastnesses, the fish and fowl, 
the crabs that crawl in the sea, the berries 
luscious and ripe; these ail invite us away 
from scenes of wearisome toil and brain- 
racking problems to enjoy an outing in 
the many beautiful and entrancing spots 
which nature has so lavishly provided. 




Popular pastimes. 



DRIFT. 




HIS IDEA OF IT. 

At the theater the ladies are discuBsing 
the attire of those about them, as usual. By 
and by their attention is attracted to a lady 
who is the central figure of a box party. 

''Isn't she stunning f murmurs one of 
the fair ones. ''She is dressed in mauve 
satin, is she notf" 

"No, no I" corrects another of the ladies; 
"it is a pearl-gray satin." 

"Now,'' laughs another of them, "let us 
leave it to the professor, here. What has he 
to say of itf What is she dressed in, pro- 
feasor!" 

Here the professor, who has been studying 
the sights and scenes with all the interest of 
a savant, takes a casual glance at the object 
of the discussion and ventures, "As nearly 
as I can jud^e from here, she is dressed in 
pnris naturalibus. " 

Whereat they laugh, thinking he refers to 
peau de sole, or some such fabric, and has 
merely made one of the numerous blunders 
which are common to the untutored man.— 
Judge. 

STUDIES OF THE VEBNAOUIiAB. 

The Chicago Tribune reports the following 
conversation between the ribbon counter girl 
and the girl at the candy counter, as illus- 
trating the highly edifying effect "emanci- 
pation" has on our girls: 

"Onnustf" 

" 'Bright I" 

"Okumoff!" 

' ' Sure zima stanninear. ' ' 

"Juh meaniti" 

"Ubetcha." 

"Ooseddy did!" 

* ' Gurlova there. ' ' 

"Wah sheno boutiti" 

' ' D 'no. Swatshesedd. ' ' 

"Oakum off I Yercoddin." 

"Thinkso fu wanta. Bawche Chrismus 
gifst" 

' ' Notchett. Bawchoorst ' ' 

"Naw. Saylookeerl" 

"Watchasayl" 

"Jeer how Tomman Lil " 

"Notsloud. Somebody learus." 

"Lettum. Nuthinmuchno how." 

* ' Quitchercoddin. ' ' 

"Oakum off I I aintacoddin. " 

"Oracious Imus begittinalongi " 

"Somus I." 

"Slong!" 

"SlongI" 



^ BRAND 




! PERFECTION IN 
: CAhMED GOODS. 

Peas.Corn.ltuits 

Tbmatoes.Beansi 
VejctJLbies, Catsup] 
5almon.01ivG0il 
>SYrup5. Clams, 
Oysters. 6hrimp. 
Lobster:^ 



pRErrRHED Stock 




Portland. Ore ooQ. 




THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



NOT SO FUNNY. 

It is the custom to laugh at the absurd 
answers so often made by youngsters to the 
hard questions put to them in school, etc. 
But these answers are really more pathetic 
than humorous, for they show the prevalent 
tendency to push pupils on beyond their 
depth, instead of developing them by the 
'** drawing out" process, which is the true 
basis of education. Here are some of these 
innocent answers made by pupils in an Eng- 
lish school: 

What religion had the Britons f A strange 
and terrible one, called religion of the dudes. 

What caused the death of Cleopatra f It 
was because she bit a wasp. 

What can you tell of Jonsonf He sur- 
vived Shakespeare in some respects. 

What do you call the last teeth of manf 
False teeth. 

What is the spinal column f Bones run- 
ning all over the body. It is considered 
•dangerous. 

Name a domestic animal useful for cloth- 
ing and describe its habits. Ox: doesn't 
have any habits, because it lives in a stable. 

What is the function of the gastric juice f 
To digest the stomach. 

Name six animals of the Arctic zone. Three 
polar bears. Three seals. 

—The Pathfinder. 

• • • 

Wise Brothers, Dentists. 
Failing Building, Third and Washington 
Streets, Portland, Oregon. 




Only 

25c 

Postpaid 



The Lai^t 

U$erui 

Novelty 



N I CKLE PLATED 

Yankee Pig 

TAPE IMEASURE 

ALL THE GO IN THE EAST 

Send for one before they are all cone. 

JAEGER BROSM'^SSglNT* 

290 Morritofl SL, Portlaiid, Ore 



TREAT FOR THE TRAVELER 



THE best medical authorities are unanimous in recom- 
mending horseback riding for nervous, lung and 
kindred complaints. Particularly is this mode of exercise 
beneficial on this West coast, where the patient can enjoy 
the pure open air, inhale nature's ozone and the resinous 
fragrance of pine, fir, cedar and hemlock. 



Saddi^b Horses and Carriagbs 
HoRSBS Bought and Soi^d : 



PORTLAND RJDING CLUB '*°- "">""■"»- If 



394 Eleventh St., Portland* Ore. 



f999^9^^9^^^99^^^999^99^^9!9^9^^999^99^^9^^^^^^'99^4444444W4^W^^ 




Gold Fillings : $1.00 I Gokl Crowns : $4.00 

Silver Fillings : : ^| FtsU Set of Teeth, 5M 

These are new prices for first class work. 

I give my personal attention to patrons and DO ab- 
solutely guarantee all my work for ten years. 
I have the latest appliances known to dentistry. 
OPPiCB HOURS : 8 to 5. Sunday, 10 to 13. 



W. T. SLATTEN, Dentist, "pSTx^^r "'"o^oHi 




DEIPT. 



A DEFERRED RESTITnTION. 

A pi^ belonging to a widow named Murphy 
mysteriously vanished one night; and Pat 
Hennessy, a ne'er-do-well, was suspected of 
having had something to do with its disap- 
pearance. He denied all knowledge of the 
pig, however, and as there was no evidence 
against him he was allowed to go free; but 
at Mrs. Murphy's instigation, the priest went 
to see him. 

"Pat," said, the priest, "if you've no fear 
of the law in this world, at least five a 
thought to the hereafter. When you're be- 
fore the Judgment Seat, what are you going 
to say about that pifff" 

"Shure, I dunno,'^' replied Pat. "Will 
they be after askin' about th' pig in Pur- 
gatory, yer Biverincef" 

"They will," said the priest. 

"Will Mrs. Murphy be there, yer Biv- 
erincef" 

"Yes, Pat." 

"An' th'pigl" 

"Yes, Pat.'^ 

"Shure, I'll wait an' give it to her thin, 
yer Biverince. "—February Woman's Home 

Companion. 

• » • 

Poor Peebles (about to be operated on for 
appendicitis): "Doctor, before you begin I 
wish you would send and have our pastor, 
the Bev. Mr. Harps, come over." 

"Dr. Cutter: "Certainly, if you wish it, 
but-ahl-" 

Feebles: "I'd like to be opened with 
prayer."— Life. 



JHL 




Wrinkles 


BEHOVED IN 


^H^F JLll^^^-^^^^^we^^Hl 


TWO WEEKS 


^^m '^'f^^^MBBll^^t 


BT 


^Bl * T^^^^^ff 


M\ HOLMES 


\^f^^^^ 


RIBBECKE 


\ \^JM 


Graduate Demiatofocist 


^^^i^ahI^I 


Beautifler and Beatorer 


^jflJjHI^B. 


of YonthfalneM. 


"swm^ 


Parlors, 364 Morrison Si 


PORTLAND, ORE. 



OSTEOPATHY 

DRS. ANNA M. AND F. J. BARR 

gradiiat«a of American Sohool of Osteoiwthy and A. T. 
(ill Inflrmanr. of Kirkarille. Mo. 'Phone Main 2226. 
OffloeHoon: 9 to 12 a!m.. IjBO to 4jB0 P. M. 



800 DekiHii BkHr. 



Portland, Ore. 



Base Ball Goods 

rUhlBtf TacKlo, Gmoo. SMrtiBj and Ath- 
lotlc Goods at AftoaisUiiiiljrJow ] 
Urio lUostratod Catalogs FUS. 

Kimbairs Gun Store 

WholoMlo and RotaU SMrtlntf^Goods 
1303 Pacific Ato.. Tacoma. Wa., u. S. A. 



Uf>e WHITE TOURING CAR 



The incompar- 
able White 
Touring Car 

is the best car 
made in e^'ery 
respect for 
pleasure or 
i>iismess« It is 
n reliable road- 
star and holds 
the world's 
record as the 
fastest stock 
car ever put 
upon the track. 




Over ISO of these cars sold on the Coast since Januan^ 1st, 1Q04. 

IMPERVIOUS TO OUST OR MUD. SILENT IN DPeRATlON. CAN BE OPERATED 6V A LAOV- 

AND IS THt CAR THAT ALWAYS COMES HOME. 

For convincing proof of the good qualities of these cars, ask for the names of Portland owners. 
Tliere are a dozen of them that w\[{ be glad to talk ** White" with you, and nota **kicker'' among them. 
Call at 214 Second Street, Portland, Ore., see the cars and have a ride. 



J. B. KELLY, A^ent 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



Bain's Hack & Dray Co. 

NEWPORT, OREGON 

Spedal Attention Given Transferring 
Baggage and Camping Outfits. 

Furnished and Unfurnished Houses. 

Hack to Otter Rode and Lighthouse. 

ALL AT BCD-ROCK PRICES 

Leave Orders at : : : : : BAIN'S BAKERY 

6ca:a»»:8»:8»xa»»»»»»»:8:e:8:8:a:a»:83 



WATCHMAKER JEWELLER 

W. B. SHAKESPEARE 

31 Government Street, Victoria, B. C. 

SOUVENIRS AND NOVELTIES 
EVERY DAY ERESH ARRIVALS 

STEP IN AND LOOK AT THEM 



Golden 
West 



O SPICES, o 

COFFEE,TEA, 

BAKING POWDER, 

FUVORING EXTRACTS 

Abiolurelhirify, Fl^\l5^ Flavor, 
Oreart>^ Srmv^h, l>e&sor\abkfricei 

aOSSETaDEVERS 

PORTLAND, OREGON. 



Dotcl 2)riar6 



Victoria's elegant Tourist and Commercial Hotel. 
Under new and progressive management and re- 
plete with modem equipment. Convenient to 
parliament buildings, shopping district and places of amusement. American ahd European plans. 



C. A. HARRISON, Proprietor 



SINGCHONG&CO. 

M A ZV U F A C T U R B R S OP 

Ladies' : Children's 
^= and Gent's ^= 

White Goods 

Ladies' Silk Undergarments, Wraps, 
Waists, Etc., Made to Order. 

333 Morrison SL, Portland, Or. 

Marquam Building -^— ^— ^^^— ^ 
Between 6th and 7th SU. Phone Hood 33 



TURKISH, RUSSIAN AND ELECTRIC LIGHT 

BATHS 

THE only place in town where Scientific Mas- 
sage is given. The attendants are trained 
nurses, and treat all diseases with hydrotherapy 
treatment. Battle Creek System. 

Ladies' and Gentlbmbn's Dbpaktment 

300 Oregonian BIdg. 

Telephone Main 1938 B. L. TURNEY. Prop. 



Novelty Photo Fan 

THE NEWEST THING OUT 




The viL'Mt b>>>autlfLLi utiil drtlAtEcartEDlpi«^cr"tT».'ri.'d. 
Jlolil» nnF CQbLDi'tMslrr-4 i^hoiuerapb i^t h^tdak ifU'lui«. 
>J Q F|i£TT 1 KK W A V OTor diiT im4 For phcnrLnff phot > «. 
OikD h« biuiff on th« wpM, piptcwd In h corner at rm the 

Jmti IkbiH ctLt, Eondc* of fluent mnt or i^oiter board, 
hi bnttlf^ AT^'ynn, mb; rmln r>€'<ar] «rvtj or ehovolate 
brown I dfM>orELtf.'4i wrlth ribtu^n t{> tiB.rmotiizH& fend Me- 
curolr riTiXtd- Can be om^nixi and cToeed at *U1. 
HlEJ^, aucn HiVlkfi , t'li nilhJ ^%M in. Hl^ND SL* CKNT8 
F on OM F T U 1> A Y', (rt &t J tiir coif r, A «*l of f 00 p. t»tte 
fif i^vtili color 4 i»r:^tt>iiLd fur uun liolliLr, A^^ctii w&Qti^. 

West Coast Supply Co. 

165 Park street Portland, Oregoii 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVBETISINQ SECTION 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



HAIR SWITCH 



ON EA9Y CONDITIONS 

CatthJplld. DUt Hltnl niutj [O Uri. Si-lld %■ 

t>a*cp«.ldH iL rttiK tn iJL^ luiu h^JTUr^H 
^\ttt ■■i«b, mndf^ !£:f I nt^ln-^ I ■ ■in:. tr'>iu fn' 
lectedhumhTi LiAXr,!!,'^ '•,<iiiEji^"b,]-th'''rt FJrrti. 
Wd frllt tnclutit' In p«,4;liiiifi- WLlh l*Kl^L^'h 
Hufll clea t |:k»h r n ^t^ t4> rt^u rn 1 1 tni ■] «^ i r nui 
pcrririif Mii»r»rt(irtHi unt If rf»und dim^iL.v 
aji n^ piffipi I ti'd , u H e1 mn^L exTrunrrllTiirLrj 
valuta i nd. T'.»11 wlieh ti ^ ((l-ep It. pitTimirP^ 
i» tl.Ht hy mtAl If llhla Id imjk ar TJ^K OK< 
hKKH FOK B finmilM iT «J.M> KArH 
(1 m ■■-n y v oi> r f rle rid f a n tl a<riitl lo up, w i' t n 

t'f ijp.' p«(d for ID dayfl. if re^r tecpivtrt it 
IH^rf^HCtLy RliiTij>rii story, kbJ rau t«n tb»* 
kn<# tbf iwllrli wt Hifld j-vu rrvp Tor joar 
lTwh\t.. Tim* Tom- 

plcjotircaa 
pa( Lr Laid 
tkvi* J D D r 
nKlorBlhaLr. 
AvJid UJn- 

rhtm »ar I u 

FcnpAdour ^F without 

PRHlS«t,UU ftir aMlDArr 
*rf*nfk I'OB- .^ 

p t do u r Koll 
nu^lc'fuan p-tlr* 

opii jpft r ftii Pt^. 
Worn Uku L'lit 
or arranjiml tt* 
iiuU ygiir Own 

rarvtpt of bfh!. 
OnliNr K (twitch, 
rnrnpadouT. ur 
HoM at Jirtrt*, iTir 
send for fre€ cftIlLlO|i^D'^. Aildr^H 

l>t»it*, CHICAGO. 




9. 



'rS^^< 




TleadytoSenre' 

CHOCOLATE POWDER 

UAhm PURE COCOA. SUGARmJ CREAM. 

OUAUTY a PURITY UNEXCELLED. 
SOLD BY DRUGGISTS A GROCERS EVERyWHERL 




2 



OVERLAWP TRAINS DAILY 

THE FLYER 
THE EAST MAIL 



2 



ST. LOUIS andRetuni $67.50 

CHICAGO ssLS^sni $72.50 



MAY II, 12, 15 

JUNE i6, 17, i8 

5TOP-OVERS JULY I, 2, 3 GOOD 90 

AILOWEO AUG. 8, 9, lO l>AVS 

SEPT. s, 6. 7 

OCT. 3, 4, s 



Sptendid S«fvl<« Llp*tc»-Date Equipment 

CourUouA EiiH>lciye$ 



Ddyfight Trip Across the Cascades and Rocky Mountains 



For tickets, riies^ fiilJcrs anJ full 
Itiformiition, cnU on ur aJJress. 

n. DICKSON, City Ticket Agent, 

1 22 Third 5U Portland, Ore. 
S. G. YERKES, G. W. P. A., 

612 Hnt Avenue, Seattle, Wash* 



Don't forget to mentioii The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEBTISING SECTION. 

TEe WASHINGTON LIFE 

INSURANCE COMPANY f«E^ y^ 



FIRST IN SAFETY AND RELIABILITY 

FIRST IN EARNINGS AND PAYMENT OF DIVIDENDS 

FIRST IN TAKING CARE OF THE INTERESTS 
OF POLICY HOLDERS 

H WASHINGTON LIFE Endowment Policies and 5% Gold 
Bonds can be secured on annual payments. No taxes. Insurance 
for your family, or estate^ pending maturity. These unsurpassed con- 
tracts offer the safest and best means to provide for old age. 

1[ The WASHINGTON Twenty Payment Life, Loan and Term 
Extension Policies are unequaled. Call at our offices and we will 
prove it to you. 

^ The best and most successful business men are the best in- 
sured men. No man can afford to be without life insurance. 



For particulars, call or write 

BLAIR T. SCOTT 

GENERAL MANAGER 

609-10-11-12 AND 13 CHAMBER OP COMMERCE 
PORTLAND, OREGON 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




View from ^^eot Porch, Tke Breakers 

HOTEL BREAKERS 

inc Leading Summer Hotel in 
tke Pacific Nortnwest 

AMERICAN 5^ EUROPEAN PLANS 



BREAKERS STATION 
Long Beach P. O. WASHINGTON 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 







CO 



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m 

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I 



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1 "^ g •a' >> ! 

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Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEBTISING SECTION 




' CilMllBiiii 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will he appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertitert. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



^^lEe Illinois Central 



Connects at St. Paul, Omaha and New Orleans 
with all transcontinental lines. Call on or write 
the undersigned before purchasing your ticket to 
St. Louis. We will ticket you via any route you 
may desire, give you the very best service ob- 
tainable and quote you the special rates now in 
effect to Eastern points. 



B. H. TRUMBUI^I^, Comm^rclAl Atf t., I^STHira St., Portl^Aa, Ov. 
J. C. I^INDSKY, Trmv. r. Oik p. A«, I4S THI^a St.^ PortlmAa, Orm. 
PAUI^ B. THOMPSON, r. Ok P. A., Colm^A Block, ^•Attl«, tKr^sH. 




Herring-Hall- 
MarvinSafeCoi 



Manufacturers of the 
Genuine Hall Safe Co.'s Safes 

and operating the 

LARGEST AND 
BEST EQUIPPED 
SAf E WORKS 
IN THE WORLD 



PORTLAND SAFE CO., Sole Agents 

70 Sixth Street, Portland, Ore. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly wben dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEBTISING SECTION. 



Hartman, Thompson & Powers 

Surety Bonds 
Real Estate 
and Insurance 



SCHAMBEI OF 
COHEICE 



Portland, Oregon 



M. C. Gilswold, PRsiilcaL W. S. Keeter, SeCy 
J. L. Hartmui, Vioe-Picaldeiit 

Security Abstract and 
Trust Co. 

Nm. 214-215 ClMMnbcr «l Ce—wirct, 
PORTLAND, ORC 

ABSTRACTS, CERTIFICATES 
OF TITLE, TAX SEARCHES, LOANS 



John H. Mitchbli. Almemt H. TAirim 

MITCHELL & TANNER 

Attomeya-at-Law 
Commetdal Hock, PORTLAND, OREGON 




I 



DO YOU SAVE YOUR 
MAGAZINES? 



If to, have them bound at a 
small coit. 



:The: 



James Printing 

Company 



X 



w 



PMNTCRS 
BOOKBINDERS 
PAPER RULERS 



-1CANX7FACTURSILS OP- 



PATENT FLAT OPENING 
BLANK BOOKS 



22 Front Street, Portland, Ore. | 

TdcphMW Main 2305 



to «. M. TO 4 p. M. 



TBL. RBO •••4 



W. R. INGE DALTON, M. D. 

OBNITO-UfllNAIIY AND SKIN 
DiSBASKS ONLY 

Rooms 330-331 Lumber exchange. SEATTLE. WASH. 



#»^»»t#t#tt»»»t^»tftf< 



Wif. M. Laod 
President 



J. Thombuut Ross 
Vice-President and Manager 



T. T. Burkhart 

Secretary 



hMtMttMi ttttttM 



John K. Kolllock 
Asst. Secretary 



LOANS 
REAL ESTATE 



Safe Deposit 
Vauts 



We 
Lartest and Best 

Equipped Real 
Estate Office and 

the largest and roost 
complete outfit of 
maps and plats in the 
city. Our real estate 
ownership books and 
records of claim of 
title are accurate and 
up-to-date. 



Al^TRACTS 
TITLE INSURANCE 



Interest allowed on time deposits 

and certificates issued 

thereon. 



THE TITLE GUARANTEE AND TRUST COMPANY 

6 and 7 Chamber of Commerce, Portland, Oregon 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



««****«*«*****««***«**i 



T. S. McRath 



Iron and Steel Products 



Boildinf Materials 

Aintworth Building, Portland, Ort. 
Telephone Main 466 



«99#9M 




r«9^«99#9^ 



barne:iS (sl CO. 

PATENTS 

Write for our book on Patents. 
Mechanical Drawing. 

Oregon & Washington Boating Co. 

BARGING, UGltTCRING 
AND PRCIGHTING 

Barges for Bent. Boating of Lumber. Ties and other Wood 
Products. Ship Lightering. 

H. F. GERSPAOH, Manaoxb. 

Office, Foot of Morrison SL, Portland, Ore. 

.SALARY LOANS 

Money loaned salaried persons, ladies or gentlemen. 

Learn our Easy-Payment System that 

gets you out of debt. 

NCI^SON Oh HINDI^CY 

508 McKay Building Ponland. Oregon 




Cured piles 

now smiles 
like this again like this 

He cured himself by using the Dr. Magoris Home 
Treatment for piles, fissures, fistulas, and all dis- 
eases of the rectum. Package costs 50c. All 
druggists sell it. We guarantee cures or refund your 
money. Trial package FREE for the name of one 
other person who has piles. Dr. Magoris Home 
Treatment Co., Binghamton, N. Y. 



Largest OotUers in 
the Northwest* 

The highest type of perfectXNi 
IN MEN'S AND BOYS' 

high-grade dothiqg, teriishfaigs and hats 



Malt ordmra pfmptty 
attmndmd to 



PORTLAND ^ 



OREGON 



THE GLORIOUS 

<<STARS AND STRIPES" 

We make them to order. Anysiae. Anyqnantitj. 
A large assortment of FLAGS constantrjr in stock. 

Wa ANB MANUFAOTUnSNS AND IMrORTBRS OF 

Bags, Twinss, Tents, Awnings and Mining Host 

BAG PRINTING A SPECIALTY 

Write us for prices. Mention the Pacific Monthly 

W. C. NOON BAG CO. 

Incorporated 1893 
32-34 First St. 210-216 Couch St. Portland, Oft. 



THE MAGNIFICENT SCENERY 



OF 



COLUMBIA 
RIVER 

The most beautiful in the world, can best 
be seen from the steamers "DALLES CITY" 
"REGULATOR" and "BAILEY GATZERT" 
of the 

REGULATOR LINE 

DO NOT MISS THIS 

Steamers leave Portland, Alder Street dock, 
7:00 A. M. daily, except Sunday, for 
The Dalies, Cascade Locks, Hood River 
and way landings. 

PHONE 914 

8. HeOONALO, Agent, Portland, Ortgon. 
A. W. ZIMMEMMAN, Agent, The Dallss.Ortgon. 
H. C. CAMPBELL, Manager, Ptrtland, Ortgon. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




^^^^^j^j^^^^j^^^^^ttJ^ 



ANDERSON 
6; DUNIWAY 
COMPANY 



Printers ana 
Litkograpkers 



I Pkone Ma^ 17 208 Aider St. 
PORTLAND, ORE. 



Ibe SEASIDE 

Bath House 



Located at the Terminus of the 

Aslorfo A Orfmnbia River 
RjJIroad 



The only salt water bath house on the North 
Pacific Ocean. It has a large swimming pool 
24 X 70 feet, and 10 feet deep, with a con- 
tinuous flow of ocean water running through 
the pool. Hot tub baths. Neat bathing suits 
to rent for surf bathing. Swimming taught, 
with good attendants for beginners. Open 
the year round, it being the best summer 
resort accessible to Portland. 



£. N. ZELLER, Blanager 

Seaside, Oregon 



Joaquin Miller and other Characteristic 
Western Authors and Artists contribute 

to 

SUNSET 

The only magazine that faithfully tells, by pictures and text, 
of the wonders of California, Oregon, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New 
Mexico, Texas and the nation's west- 
em borderland. It is notable for the 
number and artistic merit of its en- 
gravings. The representative busi- 
ness houses advertise in its pages. If 
you want to learn of California and 
the West, read SUNSET regularly. 



$L00a Year 



10c a Copy 



PUBUSHBD MONTHLY BY 

PosMiiger Department 
Southern Pacific 



4 Montsomery Street - SAN FRANCISCO 

1S3 Oarlc Street - - - - CHICAGO 

349 Broadway - - NEW YORR CITY 

949 Leadenhall Street - LONDON. ENG. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEETISING SECTION. 

CLAXSOP BRACH** ^^''^^°*^ Premier Summer Resort 

SEASIDE is now ready to extend a cordial welcome to seekers of recreation and rest, and is far better equipped to 
take care of this summer's influx of visitors than at any time in the history of Clatsop Beach. The excellent 
transportation fiacilities afforded by the Astoria & Columbia River Railroad Company is only one of the 




Portland-Seaside Flyer en route to Seaside. 

many remarkable advantages possessed by Seaside, and this year has already witnessed great and substantial 
improvements at this favorite resort, perhaps the most important of which is the installing of a water s^^tem to be 
in operation July ist, insuring a supply of pure and wholesome mountain water, which will be hailed with delight 
alike by permanent residents and summer guests. 

The pre-eminence of Clatsop Beach as a health aud pleasure resort is becoming more firmly established with 




Boating and Fishing on the Necanicum, Seaside. 
Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




Taanel** A. * 0/R. R. R. 

eacli year, and the proeresain^e spirit manifested on ev«ry hand Ln the directioQ of providitiR for the «>mfDrt and 
pleAtture of vmtora at isenside ia only a forerunner of iti future great ne&ii; and to keep pace with this widc-flwake 
spirit, the A. Sl C. R. K. R., vrhich naw serveathe beach Uitere<itsfK> well, in thoroughly aflve to the neceiisity of pro- 
lidiftK improved tranaporlation service, and ia prepared to tuect every rei^uiretneTit in Lhis direction. 




L The Orescent. 2. Bathing at Seaside. 8. Bathing at Qearhart Park. Three little gems that make one long to sniff old ocean's briny breezes. 
Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION 



Two 
hroughTraini 

to Chicago 

daily (rorn Portland and pom t9 in Ore^oD and Eastern 

Wash ingtan via the Oiwon Railroad & Navigation Company, 

Oregon Short Line, Union Pacific Railroad and Chicago 

& North-W<?siem Railway^ over 

HIE ONLY DOUBLE-TMCK RAILWAY BETWEEN 
THE MISSOURI RIVER ARO CmCAM. 

The ChicafTO-PoHland Special, the most luiirurioufi train in th* 

FOrld, Pullman sleeping carSf dining car, huSel Bmokln^ 

and llbraf y car (barber gnd bath). Le^ than (hre^days 

Portland to Ctiksiiio. Dailf e'tcursions in Pu]ltn<tn 

tourist fiiecpinf: rara from Portland through to 

Chicai^o without change. 

R^ R, KiTCHik. G«Beral AfvAl PAciAi: C^ait* 

A. C BahkbA. GrarralAjrtBt, i^ Tbiid St.^ 
K>rtliad| Or*. 




PAINLESS 
Photography 



1^ 



ChoSo 
Butterworth 



345 >^ Washington Street 

Phone Bbck 19S8 Pordand. Or«. 




Porflana Paint $f QPan Paper &. 

PAINTCRS DECORATORS 



Don't forget to mentioii The Pacific Monthly when 



Dealers in Wall Paper. Boom Mould ings, Palnte, Oils and 
Vaminhes. Phone Black 29K. 

t6S Smeond St., Portland, Orm. 

dealing with advertitert. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



R. REMILLARD 

Sea Shells, Souvenir Goods, 
Stationery and Notions 



Correspond ence Solicited 
Neatly Furnished Rooms 



SEASIDE 



OREGON 





SMILED 

Hid pUei, 
was wild 
with pijn 

Cured piles 

now tmilct 
Hke tliii again like thi< 
Be cured bimsdf by using the [>r. Magorit Home 
TraEincnt for pl^^ fiiiuret, Bstulat, and all dis- 
cuci of the icccum. Package coit» 50c. All 
druggiAi tell it. W^ gujJ-ante« coicsur ref^jnd your 
money. Trial package FREE for the rume of one 
other penoD who has piles. Dr. Magoris Home 
Tmtioent Co., Bingb^mton, N> Y, 

1LR|TM\H I'IGARH 

fvtnd for a copy of Tbs Smokkh'!^ Guidk cantnniing 
. prices, and full particulars relating lo our popular cignrn. 
RcferenccB furnished from every state mid territory qh 
the Pacific Coast. Addrt's^, W, E. NRUM & CO., Four^ 
t«tn1h Ward. Reading. P«. 



MENNEINTSl 

^^^h VORATID TALCUM I 

k HToilit PQwdirjgk 

^-^^^ ^Bv 

I P(idl| Nuti Chtlif 10^ Sunburn 






t TlOLEt TAIIHV .^:=r 



-^ 



L 




DO^'T PLAY BLIND MAN'S BLFF 

WHEN BiriVG LIFE INSlJR4PiCL 
A 5CARCH with OPEN EVES will sdUsfy yon that the policies of the 

MUTUAL BENEFIT LIFE INSURANCE CO. 

contain Spectai and / y^-w/i a r advantages not iombiuc^d in the policiea 
ol other companies. 

1j read m the Irg-ht of ihe Company's 

FIFTY-EIGHT YEARS OF HISTORY 

the value of the comptchtfmve and certain protection they afford will 
be eapecially appreciaxed. 

THE COMPANY'S MUTUALITY is real; ITS SECURITY, 
Great: ITS ECONOMY and EARNING POWER, Cnstirpa^Si^d. 

ARNOLD S. ROTHWELL, State Agent 

PORTLAND, ORFGOIH 



ill 



ii*i.; 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



UMATILLA HOUSE The D,I««. OrgnH. 
SINNOTT * nSH, PnHM. 






steam Heated, Blectric Ughta and CaU Bella. 

^1.00. $1.50 and $2.00 per day. Rooms will 

1.00. Aocommodationa Pint Claas. American Plan. 
Trains stop at tlie Hotel. Offices and Agents of all 
Stage I«ines. O. R. 8l N. Ry. Western Union Telegraph 
Co. I«ong Distance and City Telephones. 





THE OLYMPIA 



C. N. TUNIN, Proprietor 
Headquarters for Commercial Men 
Fine Sample Rooms 



Olympia, Wash. 



5). Pi n auD'S 

lExu De^ Quinine: 

Ed. IHnaud*$ Ean de Quinine 

Is The best HaJr Restof stive known — It preserves tZ<te 
half rraim pKTMsttlc attacks, tone« up the hair bulbs, 
cleanses the ic^p und positively letnovK dAndfuff 

Ed. Pfnand's Eau de Quinine 

Is 4l£0 a most excellent Katr Dressing— The sweet 

and ref^ntd odof which It luves In the hair oiakei 

the toilet ■ luxurv ::::;:£ 

SOLD EVEKY WHERE 




Leading Double Keyboard 



NEW AND SECOND-HAND 



TYPEWRITERS 



OF ALL MAKES 

SOLD, RENTED AND 
REPAIRED 

Platens, Supplies and Parts for All Machines 

Rubber Stamps, Notary Seals, Etc. 

Sign Marlcers, Numbering Machines, Trade Checks, Checlc Protectors. Etc. 

Steel Fire-Proof Safes, Letter Presses, Etc. 



Webster's Pencil Sfuupener 

For School and Office 




Never wears out, $3.00 



THE TAV-SHOLES 




Leading Single Keyboard 



Typewriter and Office Desks, Chairs, Etc. 
Mimeographs, Hektographs and All Supplies. 
Shipping Books and Office Specialties. 
Ask for Catalogues. 

COAST AGENCY CO. 



231 STARK STREET 
PORTLAND, OREGON 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



E8TABX.IBHBD 1866 



'Phoms Bed 977 



Portlana marble (Uork$ 

SdMNtM « nCN 

MAKUrACTTRXRS OF AND DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OT 

MARBLE, GRANITE 
AND STONE WORK 

Eatimates Given on Application 

268 First Street, ^'"^h^^^i^^JS^ •^^'■ 

PORTLAND, ORE. 



, J. YOUNG, 

Manager 



C. J. CURTIS, 

Attorney 



Seaside Real Estate Co. 



Lots in the Grove and on the 
Beach for sale. Also Inglenook, 
Hennosa Park, Ocean Grove 
Cottages for rent. Rents Col- 
lected. ::::::: 

Seaside, Oregon 



J. p. FINLEY & SON 

Embalmert and Funeral Directors 

Both Phones No. 9 = Lady Attendant 

C«r. Third and Madison Sts., 

Portland, Ore 

SiGNOR G. Ferrari 

266 MiU St.. Portland, Ore. 
THK ITAI^IAN VOCAI^ TKACHKR 

Catarrh and Asthma successfully treated sim- 
ply by his method of voice culture. Slngins: 
tausht from foundation to artistic finish. 



PUBLICITY 




$2,0QQ,0QQ 
a year 



is placed in publicBtiona 
■nd outdoor display! In 
America, Europe and the 
Orimt, by the affiliated 
a^ncies of San act] San 
FraTici*co, and Fmuk 
Sen man ^ New York aud 
CLicagQ. 

Twealy-Qvc ycara ei- 
perieuce lu hniidUiig aU 
forms uf commemflt ad- 
vertiiitig »taiidi behind 
our inctbodii, 

Kate« Hud iu formation 
on Buy adrertiaing propo- 
SiLloit , 

suNsrr 

ADVERTISING 
AGENCY 

Tentli and Market Streets 
SAIHTRAIHaSCO, CAL. 



■['[lelQR EGON BLOOD PU RIFIER 






^ineriGiinjgundi|[^ 




All Orders Promptly Executed 
Telephone, Both Companies 



Our Specialty: 

First Class Work 



A TRIAL WILL CONVINCE 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




TO 

ST. PAUL 
KQNNEAPOIJS 

CHICAGO 

WASHINGTON 

NEV YORK 

BOSTON 

SPOKANE 

BUTTE 

HELENA 

OBSAHA 

KANSAS QTY 

ST. LOUIS 




The Pioneer Dining 

Car Route and 

Yeilowstone 

Parle Line 



Tickets told to aU polnta 
in the United States, Canada 
and^ofope. 



Talaphona Main 244 



For detailed information, 
tickets, sleeping car reserra- 
tions, call on or write 

A. D. Charlton 

ASSISTANT SENERAL 

PASSENSER 

ASENT 




255 IHorrison St, cor. Third, PORTLAND, OREGON 



CALIFORNIA 



Go 

t»o.«. 



:VIA THE; 



Beautiful Shasta Route 

ELEGANT VESTIBULE TRAINS leave Portland daily at 8:30 A. M. and 
8:30 P. M. for the Land of Fruits, Flowers and Eternal Sunshine. 

Fare* PortUnd to Los Aqgelas 
and Retwm. $55.00, United to 
90 days from dote of sale 



THE BEST OF EVERYTHING: 



For beautifully Illustrated booklets describlnc this delightful trtp address 

W. £. COMAN, c<n.Pai».AgOTtLfaie«iiiOr<»geH Portland, Oresom 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will he appreciated. 



y 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



Summer Reading Worth Reading 

Favorite Novels in Uniform Series, Bound in Stiff Decorative Boards 

CANVA8BACK LIBRARY 
OF POPULAR FICTION 

12mo, 75 cents each 

Gbrtrudb Atkbrton, Hbnry Hari^and, John D. Barry, Ei^inor Gi«yn, Nathaniei* 
Stbhknson among the authors represented. 20 Tolumes ready. Others in preparation. 

Write for Usto 



12mo 



The Rat-Trap 

By DOLP WYLLARDE 

Author of " The Story of Bdcn.' 



The ftory of a strong man and 
a weak one — and 



$130 



A Broken Rosary 

By EDWARD PEPLE 

With illostrationi in color by Scotson Cla&k. 
iZmo - • - - $1.50 

The story of a woman's love and a 
priest's will— and the victory. 



Hat/e in Hand When Going to the Country 

THE COUNTRY HANDBOOKS 

A series of Illustrated Practical Handbooks dealing with Country Life. Suitable for Pocket 

or Knapsack. Under the General Editorship of Harry Robbrts. 

i6mo, cloth, (1.00 net\ leather, |i.20 net, 

A New One is THE FISHERMAN'S HANDBOOK — Send for List 



SEND FOR LISTS OF SUMMER BOOKS 



JOHN LANE 



NEW YORK 



WARlJKt 3PIR)T IJ LHUSIL 



"Ke Graphophone 




Will reproduce for you the military 
music of Japan and Russia. It is the 
best and most popular talking machine fl 
made^and Its capacity for entertainment ■ \ 

is boundless. Write for Catalogue A. I \' 

1 \ 



/ 
COLUMBIA PHONOGRAPH CO. i/| 

i ^/ 



t2S Seventh St., Portland, Ore. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




MISSOURI PACIFIC 
^ RAILWAY ^ 



WORLD'S FAIR ROUT£ 



From Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo 

To Kansas City, St. Louis, Memphis, Chicago, and 

ALLPOINtS EAST 



Direct Line to Hot Springs, Arkansas. 
Service and Equipment second to none. 
Pullman Sleeping and Compartment Cars. 
Dining Cars, Meals a la Carte 

FOR DKTAILED INFORMATION CALL ON OR ADDRESS 



W. C. McBRID£, Geii*l Agt, 124 Third St., Portland, Ore. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEETISING SECTION. 



McCLURE'S 
ABDOMINAL 
SANITARY 
BANDAGE 




unqualified 
success for 
Obesity or 
Weaioiessof 
the Abdomen 

Write for 

our circular 

or call at — 
Pat. July 25. 1899. 

THE McCLURE CO. 

417 MarqMR BalNing, PORTLAND, OREMN 



DonH Wear Baggy Troosers 
or ShaMiy Clothes 



We Call For. Sponge, Press and Deliver one suit of 
your dothins each week, sew 
on buttons and sew up rips for 



i 



1.00 A MONTH 



UNIQUE TAR^ORING CO. 

347 WASHINGTON STREET. PORTLAND, ORE. 

Both Phonbs 




We Wont a 
Representative 

In every community, to whom can be 
turned over each month expiring sub- 
scriptions for renewal ; also to secure new 
subscriptions on a special plan which in- 
sures the bulk of the magazine business 
wherever our propositions are presented. 
Magazine reading is on the increase. 
Where one magazine was subscribed for 
ten years ago, five are taken to-day. 
Hundreds and sometimes thousands of 
dollars are paid out annually in every 
commtmity for new subscriptions, and in 
renewing old ones. The Pacific Monthly 
ofiers "the inside track" in getting this 
business. Our representatives renew from 
70 to 90 per cent, of subscriptions on the 
expiration lists furnished. Write to-day. 

IE. PACIFIC MONTHLY 

PcM'tlaiidt GregptL 



J. D. COLEMAN, General Agent 
iMliu TN PaMii iMtMf 260 Stark St., Partland, Ors. 



FIRE! FIREII 

When that calamity comes you will think of 
Insurance. Will your "thinking about it" 
come too late? Don't delay. Insure with the 

HOME INSURANCE CO. 

of New York. The Great American Bre Insurance Co. 

Cash Capltal,|S,000,000, AtMtt ovarii 6,000,000 

All available for American Policy Holders. 



HATTERS AND FURNISHERS 

'fclT 

Buffum & Pendleton 

Sole Asents for 

KNOX HATS 
311 Morrison St., Portland, Oregon 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




SOMETHING ENTIRELY NEW 



tjkautipies any room. 

•L> Details perfect. Not a 
scenic view to surpass it. At- 
tracts the attention of visitors 
at once, who exclaim » "Oh, 
how beautiful!" 

PRICE 
REDUCED TO 

$1.00 

prefMfd. 

The value is $3.00. 
Will last a lifetime. 

Money promptly returned 
if dis satisfied. 



Send P. O. or Express Money 
Order. ACT. 



THE NEWEST OF ALL 

Cushion Covers 

MAGNinCENT 

SCENIC PHOTOGRAPHS 

Hm a grand effect in your parlors* 
Artistic and beaatiful; not a blue 
print, but Platinum Tone Photo- 
graph, on Lnsterine Sensitized 
Cloth. New process. Never fades, 
wash and iron it as often as you 

Elease^ always brilliant, looks 
eautiful for cushion covers, table 
covers, mats, backs of chairs, walls, 
curtains, etc. Views of snow 
capped Mount Hood, Oregon, Ni- 
agara Palls, Silver Creek FalJs and 
others. All minor details show 
clear and distinct. Size 17x20 and 
iSxxi. Photo will last lone as 
fabric. Send for one today. Pnce 
$1.50. Wortk 4oabIe. Send P. O. or Express Money Order. If 
Dot satisfied letnra uninjured and your money back. ACT. 

BARR-CHESTER CO., SALEM, ORE. 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



HENRY 

Weinhard 



MANUFACTURBR OF 

Fine Beers 

& Choice Malt 

Your Trade is Solicited 




Office 13th and Burnside. Telephone 72 

PORTLAND, OREGON 



lam the Toffee King| 

leefho Seli Candy 

i am ihe tarjitlt ■ *ncly lUAiiu fn*: tuier 111 
llic worLiI, The aak* t"f mjf one Lir»n(J 
I ach tLic cinrmoui fciii'iUtH uf loa I"iH 

1 w-eifk. ] liavc i.'i..|lt bj» IhJa eri'.rmrvLLj j 
LiistncssUci.i'Jtc I liavi-iltfit-tuireat nroiia- j 

HACKINTOSH'S 

TOFFEE 

|f»nj of mj ltr« ^"■■■* " •**■ 

nwd I" 1 » f^i* ! r«"- Iwl J"" *• 

i>**4 irrf l-u't ] tfialJ tbbI ■« 
•Kun I ipurorln :U T maU , ''■' 

lO "Im* T'^uf CTi*liJHl*rt P flit 

iha r-*^* ■" "*"' ["■'" '^ 
J4IU ^HxL ft HM'tr )Ij 1l1n' 
i**h'» T.jff!.* U- twQl *"• 
f].fi<l, tJu itIhJ |1t1<» Alff It 

eiqifv^lL-lii wf* ."iJ , r t r ■ hi ^ 

n„rp l,|>|™«urU lMT'>''*f'* 

^bLIdHi^v u[>4n jjinir bl.l*v"a 
yi,* ■ li.rt| 1 ■]<■! ■■» ,o r Irr ,i*lnif . 

Ieii-LLhi Irtr-rtU ».iTlilTi< f 'T 

■uMr*, Til™. ■'»'Iih1i, *>* ' 

iriTf^. M 4 «1 I f <n I tn;^ ru It 
ivf |]i|i piiMii.^lL'Kl ft Lrta.1 
pii^tm^ f-T t™ r"8iiti La 



1 1 

i: 




VENS 



Ttie visuji rnnee of a srHiTtsfran 
sighieJ a J fin K 2. Stf^Vhn.s Ba»- 

R-Fi- i^ ih*f Wst fiitsslhli' .issur- 
an-ij? foi brinciiip Jnw n ihi- jjiici e 
or mj.kiivff Pi.f^MJcr N..- 'RlrS. 

A C C URACY 

i$ iLe preJnnimaliinj? fe.i^Li^f «:ir 
the SiLVTi\s. jTiJ '.Hji lincem- 
Njdies a pi^'niiLide of all the 
other (irtLirm virtues, 

Ef yfiu lik^ liiii' 

SHOTGUNS 

RIFLES aad FISTOLS 

Ask yftur deater for uur prnduiis^ 
'iHf/ iffst'si an f^rfttttg tfit'ffr. 

^pn4 4 cenl stamp fur 136 i>;iee 

enllre lim^, alt aJJilinn^n tt^ir 
/nj^fTtit'iiJ Rijlt F\f^^i^ mitiif.d/iir 

J- Stevens Arms &. 
Tool Company 

i.-A'JMiiinSt CHICDPEt FALLS, MASS, 




When It Comes to Paint 



THE WONDERFUL MERITS OF 

AVENARIUS 

Carbolineum 



SHOULD RECEIVE THE CONSIDERATION 
OF EVERY THOUGHTFUL PURCHASER 



^ On account of its large covering capacity, Aven- 
arius Carbolineum is the cheapest paint on the 
market. Oae gallon covers 350 sq. feet of dressed 
lumber and 230 square feet of rough lumber. 

^ As a paintj with its very attradive nut-brown 
color, it is an^ unquestioned success. 

^ IN ADDITION it ts ihe only wood preserver tried 
and tested by a sufficient number of year'i experience. 

Q It is the only efEdent and practical means to prevent rot, 
dry rot and decay of wood above or below ground or water. 
It preserves wood for at leaft 3 times its natural life, and we 
guarantee it wiU double the life of wood if properly applied. 

4 It will deitroy chicken lice aad all vermin. Pjiint or iipraythe inter- 
tor of yaiir chicken houx with Aveiuiriiu CarboLineum uid you wiM 
have health ii^r chickenA and more eggi, 

Q Avenarim Carbolineutn hu heeD in use linte 1670 acKJ imported by 
ua for over 18 year*. We know it is all we cinim for it and mote. 
We know it h no experiment. It is applied with a bnuh Like ordinary 
pjint. and no skill is required to use it. 

^ Write us today and we shall he glad to show ymi dMidusively that 
Avenarius Carbolineum is a moDey-saver From many standpoints., 



Carbofineum Wood Preserving Co. 

Department M. 162 FRONT STR££T, Portland. Oregon I 



A Few Facts about The Southern Mutual Investment Co. 

OF I^ E X I N G T O N • KENTUCKY 

Ha« been in active operation ten vears. Has accumulated assets of over $05O.nO0.0O. Has paid 
investors over $1.-KX).U03.00. Has deposited with Treasurer of Kentucky $ia).000 00. Under 
Supervision of State Authorities. Subject to 30 State's Examination. Investors in every 
Slate of the Unioh. Canada and Mexico. Write us for particulars 

"* 'iSSftXS.'-VHSi.a. SCHAEFER A HARDER, Gen'l Agts. 



PROFITABLE INVESTMENTS 

On the Pacific Coast. A Satisfactory Profit Assured and the 

Security of your Money absolutely Guaranteed. No sum too 

small— none too large. Capital f 10,000,000.00. Write us for particulars. 

Elfintable Savings (Sb Loan Assn., Concord Bufldlng. PortUnd* Ore. 



City Messenger ®r Delivery Co. 



106 Sixtti Street^ Portland, Ore. 






Ring Up PHONEr MAIN 29 

If you W4nl a prtiiiipl^ bnglit ami trustworthy 
MESSENGER BOY for auy kinil of service, or 
have packages or oilier goods requiring a LARGE 
or SMALL WAGON for tlic ilelivery of wime. 



Prompt^ Reasonable 
and Reliable 



Try Us! 



Gee? But 
its Good 



T^ 



^lAM^^ 



^Ui,-«i,*Kl^ 



THE VERDICT 
OF EVERY ONE 
WHO USES 

DIAMONDW 



Wtidharns^CoInc 

Wholesale 
D i^tribtjtors 
PortI tind* ^ - 
Ore. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 



Edited by William Bittle WeUs 



The entire contents of this Magazine are covered by the seneral copyright and articles must not be reprinted 

without special permission. Extracts from articles may be made provided proper 

credit is given THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 



CONTENTS FOR AUGUST. I904 

LES MABTIQUBS, FBANCE (Drawn by Frank Dn Mond (Frontispiece) 

PEOPLE— PLACES— THINOS (lUustrated) . . ! . . 67 

Alexander Bell and His Kites 

George B. Cortelyou 

Rock Squirrels at Cloud Cap Inn 

The Panama Commission 

Largest Generators in the World 
"Uncle Joe*' Cannon 

THE BATTLESHIP "OREGON" (Illnstxation) 76 

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE UNITED STATES 

NAVY (Ulnstrated) Waldon Fawcett 77 

THE SCTTLPTOB'S CONCEPTION OF SACAJAWEA ... 86 

(Ulnstrated) 
THE WHITE LADY (fiction) .... Carl Lonis Eingsbnry 88 

In two parts. Concluded. 
THE SITE OF FOBT CLATSOP (Ulnstrated) P. W. Gillette 92 

THE PLAYHOXTSE (Ulnstrated) .A. Garland 94 

THE CHINOOK WIND (poem) . . . . W. C. B. 99 

THE EYE OF GANESHA (fiction) . Eleanor M.Hie8tand-Moore 100 

THBEE PANORAMIC VIEWS OF THE GK>RGE OF THE COLUMBIA 104-105 

THE HOME OF PAUL DE LONGPRE (illnstration) 106 

PAUL DE LONGPRE AND HIS BEAUTIFUL HOME 

(lUustrated) Mary H. Coates 107 

DEPARTMENTS 

OUR VIEW William Bittle Wells 113 

THE MONTH 114 

IMPRESSIONS Charles Erskine Scott Wood 118 

THE READER 121 

THE LIGHTER SIDE 123 

PROGRESS 125 

TCRMSt— $1.00 a year In advance; 10 cents a copy. Subscribers should remit to us In P. O. or 
express money orders, or in bank checks, drafts or registered letters. 

CHANGES OF ADDRESS —When a change of address is ordered, both the new 

and the old address must be given, and notices sent three weeks before the 

change is desired. 
WHO IS AUTHORIZED TO TAKE SUBSCRIPTIONS— All booksellers and 

postmasters are authorized to receive subscriptions for The Pacific Monthly. 

In addition to these, the magazine is securing representatives in every city 

on the Pacific Coast, and these and our regular traveling representatives 

are authorized to solicit subscriptions. 
MEN AND WOMEN WANTED.— We are looking for a number of enthusiastic 

and energetic men and women to represent the magazine. Our proposition 

is unusually attractive. Write for it to-day. 
CORRESPONDENCE should always be addressed to The Pacific Monthly, 

Chamber of Commerce Building, Portland, Oregon, and not to individual 

members of the firm. 

rTHolB{?SS'ko'ssr'r P,«.d.« W f arifir IHnntlflB f ubliBlfins €0. 

CEO. M. GAGE. AsslsUnt Manager Copyright. 1904. by William Bhtle Wells 

Entered at the PostoffiQc of Portland. Oregon as second-class matter. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION 



Hill Miitiiry A€(a(al@iniiiy 

Corner Twenty-fourth and Marshall Streets, Portland, Oregon 
DR. J. W. HILL. Principal 




^j^^^, J NEST 

^i Academy 
in the West. Boys of 
any age admitted at 
any time. Fall term 
begins September 24th. 
^1 Preparation for college 
" or business career. 




Off for a Ride 



Clip this Out* 
Mail to 
J. W. HOI, Principal 
Portland, Ore. 




Cadet«'s Room 



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EUGENE 

BUSINESS 

COLLEGE 



F. S. HAROUN, President 



A Thoroughly Modern 
Business College^ preparing 
young men and young 
women for business life 



EUGENE, OREGON 



Portland Academy 

t— f f Iff tttttf tttttf f f tt«tttitttttttt<ic«f 

The sixteenth year will open September 19, 1904. 

The Academy proper fits boys and girls for college. 

A primary and grammar school receives boys and 
girls as early as the age of 6. and fits them for the 
Academy. 

A gymnasium in charge of a slcllled director Is on 
the Academy grounds. 

The Academy opened in September, 1902. a boarding 
hail for girls. The hall is at 191 Eleventh street^ and 
Is under the Immediate supervision of Miss Collna 
Campbell. 

For Catalogue or further Information, address 

Portland Academy, Portland, Ore. 



The ALLEN PREPARATORY SCHOOL 

nriiia IM|Ool is designed to furnish the t>est advantages 
^ for earnest students preparing for college. It also fur- 
nishes a strong general course of study for grammar school 
graduates. Classes in grammar school studies, eighth and 
ninth grades, will be formed* each term and will be under 
charge of complete instructors. For catalogue, address 

MARGARET V. ALLEN, Portland, Oregon. 

iSIf^ VkOBt ^^Igtnlfttir UnBtitutt 

Devoted to all branches of Engineering Science. Mechanical. 
Electrical and Civil. Architecture & Chemistry. Thorough in- 
struction, practical worlc. Courses under direction of specialists 
22d year. Send for catalogue. 

C. L. MBBS, Pres ., Box H.. Terre Haute. Indiana. 



To Introduce our Music 

iO iate Popular Songs and Music 

E, ARCO PUB. CO., Box 447. Chicago. III. CT8. 



12 



Hill Military 
Academy 

Portland, Oregon 

Boardlns and Day School for boyf 
and youns men 

The success and high standing of many hundreds of 
Dr. Hill's former pupils and graduates during the last 24 
years indicate the merit of his methods. 

Manual Training, Classical, College and Business 
Courses. For catalogue, address 

DR. J. W. HILL, Principal 




f^tMUBU 

One of the besL .equipped schools on the 
Padfic CoasL. Specialists in every depart- 
ment, thus offering all the advantages of 
Eastern and European Conservatories. 

DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 

Wano. Organ. \'olce. Violin and other String In- 
struments—Kindergarten Music Method. Rudiments. 
Theory. Harmony. Counteryolnt. Musical History, etc. 
ElcKutlon and Languages. Special Summer Course 
now open. Fall Term opens September 2d, 1904. 
Address L. H. HURLBURT- EDWARDS, Director, 
Tlie Brooke Bidg.. Washington & 7th, Portland, Ore. 



PALO ALTO, CALIFORNIA 

Preparatory to Stanford 



o » c « 



Certificate admits to Medical Schools and Eastern 
Universities. A modem equipment that contains ev- 
erything lielpfui to study, essential to health, and 
conductive to comfort. Situated near a great Univer- 
sity, its young men catch the spirit and meaning of 
education. Junior department, with manual training. 
12th year begins August 22. 

James I^eroy iiixon, A. B.» Prln. 



Behnke-Walker 
Business College 

l^twms 9iatk, ^ortlanli. C9r. 

We assist our graduates io finding positions as 
well as giving them the necessary qualifications. 
Special inducements to enroll now. Send for 
catalogue. Phone Main 590. 



^ 



H. W. Behnke, Prea. 
I, M. Walker. Sec'y. 



J^ 



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ac8WK8c< raK>a e g o tc ( c go g o«BC « gegogoeo80Beg^^ 



I Spedol attentkn gtireo to CoOectkms Established 1859 

LADD iA TILTON 

Transact a General Banking Business 

Portiand, Oresoik 




A. L. MILLS- Prtsidtmt W. C. ALVORD _ AatttmMt Cukitr 

J. W. NEWKIRK - Caskitr B. F. STEVENS. tnJ Atntlmmt QuUir 



First National Bank 

OF PORTI^AND. OREGON 

Oldest National Bank on the Pacific Coast 



Capital $ 500.000.00 

Surplus 900,000.00 

Deposits 8,250,000.00 



Designated Depository and Financial Agent 
United States 



CORNER FIRST AND WASHINGTON STREETS 



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rH^CKHug3KK^w3C6C8C63Bj8C8CK609C809o^ 



J. C. AiNSWORTH. President 
W. B. Ayer. Vice-President 



R. W. SCHMEER. Cashier 
A. M. Wright. Asst. Cashier 



1& United States National Bank 




Capital, j;300,0(X) Surplus and Profit, J 1 00.000 Deposits, j;2.600.000 
WANTS GOOD BUSINESS UPON SUBSTANTIAL ASSETS 

Gives personal attention to the needs onOTl AMn nDcr:i^Nl 

and requirements of every account KUKILAINU, UKtUOIN 



C. F. Adams. President 

R. G. JUBITZ. Secretary 



L. A. Lewis. 1st Vice President 
A. L. Mills. 2d Vice President 



266 Morrison Street, Portland* Oregon 



Interest Paid on Savings Ac- 
counts and on Time Certificates 
of Deposit. 

Directors— C. A. Dolph, L. A. Lewis, 
Joseph Simon, A. L. Mills. C. F. Adams. 
J. N. Teal. James F. Failing. 



fhaUmttd ot (Hav^ftUm, (§ttohn I, 1903 

RESOURCES LIABILITIES 

Loans $1,810.32230 CapiUl $250.0)0.00 

Bonds. • • $870,904.91 Surplus and 

Premiums 1.242.93 872.147.84 undivided profits.... %,SS6.88 

Cash and due Deposits 3.156.S87J8 

from correspondents 8 20.674.12 

$3,503,144.26 $3,503,144.26 




» it ii|i i >i|titn| ' H ii |n| i» t i i|»t ii t ii t»t ii | i i|i i tnt i i|i i tnt i it i>ti* |nt ti Mt t^ jj^ i| ii |ii|i i |iitnti > tii|iiti i | ii tiitt i |iiti i |i i tiiti]|i i |ii|ii|utiitii|[ i tii| i itnti ^ 

is IN A HURRY? 

! I Want* y oqr Message delivered promptly 

<[ Want to pay reasonable Price? 
Want» a Dependable Boy? 

r 'Want a 'Wai^on* bitf or small, 
] I for any Service Wlmate ver? 

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IM these things 
■fB for Portland 

or vicinity, 

it's the 




City 
messenger; 
i Delivery 
Co. 



that you will 
ring up. The 
Telephone ^s ^ ^ 

Main 29 |^ f 



I D. Chambers j; 

iSHamtfartitrtng Q^fitirian 



' r The address is 1 06 Sixth St.. Portland,Or. 




LARGEST STOCK IN THE NORTHWEST of ][ 

Artificial £xes 

129 Seventh Street, Near Alder j; 
PORTLAND, OREGON 

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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— AiyVBRTTSnre SECTION 




Most Modem and Up-to-date 

Hotel in Spokane 

Rooms single or en suite 

with private bath 



Cnrofinui |H«n 

Rates $1 and up. Elegant 
Cafe in connection 



^nUl Tltrt0riti 



Large Sample Rooms for 
Commercial Men 



Spokane, Wash. 



THE SARATOGA HOTEL CO. 

EUROPEAN PLAN CALDWELL, IDAHO R. V. SEBREE. Mgr. 

Opened to the public March 1 5th Hot and cold water in every room 



THE KLOEBER 

Hotel and Sanitarium ^ Green River Hot Springs 



Most Perfedly Appointed Health and Pleasure Resort in the West» 



I HE development of "THE KLOEBER" has reached a degree 
of excellency that places it superior to any place of the Idnd in the 
West and amongst the leading health resorts of the world. Steam 

' heated and electric lighted throughout, with all the approved 

appointments of a modem institution, it is an ideal place for those desiring 
either rest, the restoration of health and strength, or merely pleasure. The 
waters are famous for! their medicinal qualities. On main line of N. P. Ry. 
63 miles from Seattle and Tacoma. fl For further information address 

J. S. KLOEBER. M. D.. Green River Hot Springs. Wash. 




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TACOMA, WASHINGTON 

Headquarters for Tourists and CommercuU 
Travelers 

Sins ^itmple ^ooniB 

AMERICAN PLAN S3. DO PER DAV UPWARDS 

W. B. BLACKWELL, Manager 




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^^B^^^^ The Casting and Ma- 

^^^^^^■^^ chining of 30- ton Fly 

^^^^■^L Wheels, coincident with 

^'^|^B\ building 2000-horse 

.^%^^k\ PO^®>* Engines, in com- 

^^^K^^L^^^% petition with Eastern 

u^^B^^^^^^ft u shops, means thoroughly 

\J0^^r^ 'i^^ftu tip'to-date facilities. 
\^^^ I^H 11 You get the benefit of 
"W^L I^^hJI this equipment when you 
m^^^^ f^^M If piace your order with us. 

^^^Ml Willamette 
^^^/ Iron 8l Steel 
_ / Works 

^^^^^ Portland, Ore.. U. S. A. 



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LE8 MARTIQXrES FBANCE. 
Drawn by Frank Y. DoMond for The Paoiflo Monthly. 




Volume XII 



AUGUST. 1904 



Number 2 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS 



Alexander Bell and His 
Kites 

PEOFESSOR Alex- 
ander Bell, the 
venerable inventor 
of the telephone, 
has for several 
years been working on the 
problem of aerial naviga- 
tion, through the flying of 
kites. At a recent field-day 
of the National Geographic 
Society, Professor Bell con- 
ducted experiments in kite 
flying, for the benefit of the 
scientists. The kites used arc 
entirely unlike the familiar 
patterns, being tetrahedrals, 
or four-sided solids, each 
face of which is a triangle. 
Two of the four faces are 
covered with silk, and the 
frames are made of light 
wood or aluminum. Steel 
or aluminimi wire is used 
to fly these kites. The kites 
used were but six feet on a 
side, but Professor Bell has 
sailed them as large as 
thirty feet. Whether any 




Profesgor BeU explaining his new kite airship. 



68 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




The kite in the air. 

available results were obtained from the 
experiments is not known. 

George B. Cortelyou 

George Bruce Cortelyou, whose rise into 
prominence has been almost as rapid as 
President Roosevelt's, was bom in New 
York in 1862. His recent election as 
Chairman of the Republican National 
Committee is an honor which is indica- 
tive of unquestioned executive ability, and 
is a rare compliment to the worth of the 
man. 

Mr. Cortelyou was appointed by Pres- 
ident Roosevelt secretary of the new De- 
partment of Commerce and Labor, and 
before that department was established 
was Secretary to the President. Mr. Cor- 
telyou resigns to manage the campaign, 
and the Portland Oregonian has this to 
say on the subject: 

"The selection of Secretary Cortelyou 
as Chairman of the Republican National 
Committee is the last definite change from 
the Hanna to the Roosevelt regime. It 
was resisted by the old-line Republicans 
because it marked absolutely the passing 



of party control into new hands. For 
three years Roosevelt has been engineer 
of a Hanna-McKinley machine; now it 
is his own. Hanna and Quay are gone, 
and Piatt is politically moribund. The 
Roosevelt era has begun. We do not know 
how efficient Cortelyou will be in prac- 
tical political direction, or how active and 
successful in reaching the great sources of 
campaign supply ; but we can surmise that 
his nomination was not insisted upon by 
Roosevelt and his friends without suffi- 
cient guaranty that he is a man to do 
things and get others to help do them." 
Anent this change in the cabinet, the 
Week's Progress, of New York, states 
that the retirement of Attorney-General 
Knox and the probable appointment of 
Secretary Cortelyou as chairman of the 
Republican National Committee means 
two changes in the cabinet, at least, and 
the rumored retirement of Postmaster- 
General Payne because of ill-health may 
or may not mean another strange face in 
the President's official family. It is 
known, however, that the President has 
no intention of sparing Secretary Cortel- 




Profestor Bell liyinff the kite. 




GEORGE BKTTCE COKTELTOTT. the new ohairmaii of the Republican Vational Committor. 



70 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Art photograph by Chas. T. Lamb. Taken near 
the Lewii and Clark Exposition to be 
Portland, Oregon, in 1905. 

jou, upon whom he has learned to depend, 
from a prominent place in his council. 
Wliile acting as chairman of the National 
Committee he will be out of the cabinet 
onl}'^ temporarily, and it is apparently the 
intention to hold back the resignation of 
Postmaster-General Payne until after 
election when Secretary Cortelyou can 
come back to fill that vacancy. Secretary 
of the Navy Moody has also declared his 
intention of returning presently to his 
private practice of law, so that there are 
in contemplation four cabinet vacancies 
to be filled between now and the reas- 
sembling of Congress. 



Senator Fairbanks 

Charles W. Fairbanks, 
who has been nominated 
for the Vice-Presidency 
on the Republican ticket, 
was born in Ohio in 
1852. He graduated 
from Ohio Wesleyan 
University in 1872, and 
was admitted to the Ohio 
bar in 1874. He then 
established a practice in 
Indianapolis, Indiana. 
He was the Republican 
caucus nominee for U. 
S. Senator in 1893 from 
Indiana, but was de- 
feated. He was elected, 
however, in 1897, and 
his present term will not 
expire until 1909. He 
was appointed in 1898 a 
member of the Joint 
High British - American 
Commission. 



Rock Squirrels at 
Cloud Gap Inn 

About 6,000 feet high 
on one of the sides of Mt. 
Hood, Oregon, there is 
located a picturesque and 
interesting inn. It is 
called "Cloud Cap Inn,^^ 
and is built of huge logs 
which are held securely 
in place by anchored ca- 
bles — a necessary precaution on account 
of the fierce gales in winter and the dan- 
ger of snow slides. At times the snow 
is from 30 to 40 feet deep, but in the 
summer Cloud Cap Inn is a most delight- 
ful place. There is found near the Inn a 
rare species of squirrel, called in this 
vicinity the Rock Squirrel. The little ani- 
mals are very tame and afford a consid- 
erable source of amusement. 

Tke Panama Commission 

The following men have been appointed 
to serve on the Panama Canal Commis- 



the ffronnds of 
held in 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS. 



71 




South front of the FaJi-af-t'' of Vatiud I&duBti-ieB i^t tbe Str Louii ExpoiitioD. 




The Japanese battleghip Atahi. 



72 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



sion : Admiral John G. Walker, chairman ; 
Gen. G. W. Davis; W. B. Parsons, New 
York ; W. H. Burr, New York ;B. M. Har- 
rod, Louisiana; C. E. Grunsky, California; 
F. J. Hecker, Michigan. Of these, the first 




The KooMTelt medallion which has Just been ttmck. 

six are engineers, and the last is a *^usi- 
ness man,'^ who served as a government 
director of transportation during the 
Spanish war. Rear Admiral Walker's ap- 



pointment as chairman was logical and 
satisfactory, as he has participated in tho 
investigations of the various possible canal 
routes, and has been closely identified with 
the canal from the beginning of govern- 
mental interest in it. The commission is 
not regarded as an especially strong one 
to handle so gigantic a problem. The sal- 
ary for each commissioner has been fixed 
at $12,000 per year, with $15.00 per day 
additional while on the Isthmus. Admiral 
Walker has submitted to the House Com- 
mittee on Commerce an outline of condi- 
tions with which it will be necessary to 
deal. From thirty to forty thousand la- 
borers will be required, most of whom will 
be negroes and coolies. It will be need- 
ful to thoroughly police the "canal zone,^' 
which will have a population approxi- 
mately of 70,000. 

Largest Generators in tke ^A^orlJ 

One of the mammoth 5,000 horse- 
power electric generators of the Niagara 
Falls Power Company is shown herewith. 




Tapestry detail and new gideboard at the White House, desired by Mn. RooteTelt. 



\ 







JOSEPH G, CAKNOy. ONE OF THE COUTilTEY'S STB OK G KEH. " 
from nUnoiH and BpeaJker 5Btb Coti^nai. ChKirm&n Natioftfrl Supui^licaD CotiTeiitioD Li 
^^hic^ nominntitd TheodorB SoaieVfilt (or Freiident and Chfts. W. Fftirbuik^ if or Vioft' 
Frnaidnnt, Bdnt in UqtHi Cut^linK m lS3g. 



74 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Senator Chas. W. Fairbanks. 

It is operated by a turbine located oDe 
hundred and forty feet below it in a 
wheel-pit cut out of solid rock. Connect- 
ing the turbine with this generator is a 



steel tube or shaft. The generator makes 
two hundred and fifty revolutions per 
minute. As one horse-power more than 
equals the power of ten men, this machine 
represents the force of an army of fifty 
thousand able-bodied laborers. In the 
station where this generator stands there 
are ten other similar machines, the total 
output of which is fifty thousand horse- 
power, or a total of fifty-five thousand 
horse-power in the station. This repre- 
sents the force of more than a half million 
of men. It is by these machines that the 
Falls of Niagara are "harnessed." Water 
flows from the upper river, through a 
canal to penstocks, which carry it down 
the pit to the turbines. Leaving the 
turbines, the water flows through a tunnel 
over a mile long, two hundred feet below 
the surface, to the lower river. This 
tunnel runs under the heart of the city. 




Out of the largest electrio generators in the world. 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS. 



vo 




A Tiew of Cloud C»p Inn, showing BCt- Hood. Thia majestic mountain Is ll,Sa& f*ct high and 
U on* of ftv* snoW'Dipped psAks Tisible from Partland .Oregon. Cloud C*p Itm it litimt^d an oiw of 
the ildu of Mt. Hood, kt an aititiidB of mbout 6^000 feot. 




The result of a. day's flshinff. 



THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE 
UNITED STATES NAVY 

Tke 0tory oi i^vliat lias been done in a quarter of a century to bring tbe United States 
Navy to second place among tke navies of tbe i^vorld 

By ^X^aldon Fawcctt 



EVERY citizen of the greatest 
republic has reason to feel 
genuine pride in the marvelous 
advancement which has been 
made by the United States in 
building up a great navy. Less than a 
quarter of a century has been required 
to assemble under the Stars and Stripes 
a fighting fleet which in point of tonnage 
afloat ranks third among those of the 
nations of the world, with a prospect, ere 
many years, of stepping into second place. 
Uncle Sam's magnificent squadron of 



sea warriors is a creation of the present 
generation, and yet more significant is 
the fact that it is the product of American 
brains and brawn as found in Yankee 
navy yards and ship-building plants. 
Other new nations setting out to establish 
a navy have been content to purchase a 
nucleus, at least, from the professional 
ship builders of the Old World, who make 
a business of turning out warships com- 
plete to the last detail and ready for 
immediate service. Not so with Miss 
Columbia, however. This nation has 




V. S. battleship Maine (new). Ohio and Missouri are sister ships. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




The Oregon oominr bow on at full speed. This picture was seoured at risk of life by the photographer. 
His frail boat was tossed aside by the great battleship Jnst after the exposure was made. 

worked out its own salvation in a naval with scarcely an exception, our quarter 
sense as well as in everything else, and, of a thousand floating vehicles of offense 




dSUJRI EPIECIK ©IF TTHIIE OIS^EdSOra 



THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE U. S. NAVY. 



71) 



and defense have been fashioned by our 
own people from materials found in our 
own domain. 

The close of the Civil War found the 
American Navy, in ships as well as men 
the most powerful in the worid; but for 
fifteen years after the close of the conflict 
little attention was paid to building ships 
for the navy, until, gradually, the fleet 
degenerated to the ignominy of the worid's 
standard of inefficiency. 

The rehabilitation of the navy began in 
the summer of 1881 when there was 



cruiser Chicago, which, extensively refitted 
so as to constitute a practically new ship 
has but recently been chosen as the flag- 
ship of our Pacific squadron. She is 
325 feet long, 48 feet wide, draws 19 feet 
of water and engines of 5,000 horse-power 
actuating twin screws drive her at a speed 
of about sixteen miles per hour. Her 
heaviest armor is, however, only one and 
one half inches in thickness. 

The two smaller cruisers, the Atlanta 
and Boston, which were constructed at 
this time are what are known as protected 




Tlw azmored omiaer BtooUtb. 



appointed a board of officers headed by 
Bear Admiral John Rodgers to investigate 
and report to Congress upon the condition 
and needs of the service. The vigorous 
representations of these men gradually 
aroused public sentiment and turned the 
tide of Congressional policy. In 1883 
authority was obtained from the national 
legislature, and the Secretary of the Navy 
invited proposals for building one cruiser 
of 4,500 tons, two of 3,000 tons, each, and 
a dispatch boat of 1,500 tons. Tlie 
largest of these vessels and the pioneer 
of our present splendid navy was the 



cruisers and are each 276 feet long, 42 
feet wide and draw 17 feet of water. The 
dispatch boat which constituted the fourth 
member of this first squad of recruits 
for the new navy was the Dolphin, which 
has for years past been in service as a 
private yacht at the disposal of the Presi- 
dent of the United States, the Secretary 
of the Navy and other high officials. She 
is 240 feet in length, and 32 feet wide, 
and is armed only with one 6-inch rifle 
backed by a few rapid-flre guns. Although 
highly useful in a certain sphere the craft 
is to this day imique in the navy, it never 



80 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



having been found possible to secure 
authorization for the construction of 
further vessels of her class. 

The next step in the development of 
the new navy came with the construction 
of the battleship Texas and the protected 
cruisers Charleston and Baltimore. The 
late William C. Whitney, who was at the 
time Secretary of the Navy, purchased 
abroad the plans for these vessels, but 
fortunately they were changed consider- 
ably by the infusion of Yankee ingenuity 
ere the ships were completed. During the 



all her predecessors in that she carried 
armor twelve inches thick, which was cer- 
tainly in marked contrast to the one and 
one half inch plate which afforded the 
sole protection of the pioneers of our 
White Squadron. 

ITie next addition to our navy brought 
under the flag the armored cruiser New 
York, the protected cruisers Olympia, 
Cincinnati, Raleigh, Detroit, Marblehead 
and Montgomery, and the gunboat Ban- 
croft. By far the most important of these 
was the monster New York, a remarkable 




The llrtt-olMt luperimposed torretad battleship Keanarge, tliter of Kentaoky. 



Whitney regime also occurred the con- 
struction of the ill-fated Maine, the first 
new armored ship wholly of America u 
design. Both the Maine and the Texn:* 
were built directly under government 
auspices — ^the Maine at the Brooklyn 
Navy Yard and the Texas at the Navy 
Yard at Norfolk, Va. Both these vessels 
rated as se(*ond-cla88 battleships, the Texas 
carrying hut two twelve-inch guns and the 
Maine four ten-inch guns where our 
modern first-class battleships have four 
twelve-inch or thirteen-inch rifles. The 
Maine was, however, a great advance over 



ship in a variety of ways and one that 
marked an epoch in warship construction 
not only in the United States but through- 
out the world. The New York is an 
armored cruiser, whereas all her prede- 
cessors had been merely protected cruisers. 
In other words?, she haa almost as much 
protection as a battleship combined with 
greater speed than is usually possessed 
by such heavy vessels. The vessel is 380 
feet long and 65 feet wide, and has two 
sets of engines which are able to drive her 
through the water at a speed in excess 
of twenty-three miles per hour. In still 



THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE U. S. XAVY. 



81 




Torpedo-boat destroyer Deoatur. 



another direction did this splendid craft 
constitute a distinct departure from prec- 
edent. She was wholly unprovided with 
sail power. She has masts, to be sure, but, 
unlike those in all her predecessors of the 
new navy, they are not designed to carry 
sails. 

Following the Yankee triumph in the 
construction of the New York came 
another American triumph as a result 
of the authorization of 1890 for three 
battleships which were to be designed and 
constructed with no restrictions to hamper 



American genius. Thus were evolved tho 
famous Oregon and her two sister ships, 
the Indiana and Massachusetts. Good as 
were these floating fortresses, improve- 
ments were made in the battleship Iowa 
which followed them. Then came the 
armored cruiser Brooklyn — twenty feet 
longer and otherwise an improvement 
upon the well-nigh peerless New York, 
These heavy fighting ships were supple- 
mented by the two fast cruisers Columbia 
and Minneapolis, designed for commerce 
destroying and scouting duty, and by a 




Battleship Alabama, sister of niinois. 



82 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Beproduotion of the painting made for the War Department of the famous battle of Santiaco, which 
occurred July 8, 1898. The Brooklyn is in the lead, followed by the Oreron. 



fleet of torpedo boats which, while involv- 
ing a wide range of design and represent- 
ing an aggregate in number and tonnage 
which appears insignificant in comparison 
with the torpedo fleets of some foreign 
powers, are yet capable of rendering very 
efiicient service. 

This brings us down to the new century, 
the first product of which is found in 
the world-renowned twin battleships 
Kearsarge and Kentucky. The feature 
which distinguishes these two vessels from 



the other warships of our own or any 
other navy are what are known as the 
superimposed turrets. As every person 
knows, the big guns on a battleship are 
housed in revolving steel cheese boxes, 
known as turrets, set up on deck. In 
the case of the Kearsarge and Kentucky 
an innovation was made by setting a 
second turret on top of each of the 
ordinary miniature forts. No other 
departure from beaten paths ever pro- 
voked such widespread discussion as did 




Battleship Iowa. 



THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE U. S. NAVY. 



8:i 



this ingenious Yankee scheme for placing 
one pair of guns above another — the lower 
turret at each end of the ship holding two 
of the monster thirteen-inch guns, while 
above are the two eight-inch guns. 
Another novelty which focused the eyes 
of the world on the twin battleships was 
the first utilization of electricity for turret 
turning. 

Finally, the Kearsarge and Kentucky 
were a revelation in the possibilities of 
heavy arming — something for which the 
United States has always been famous. 
In addition to the eight monster guns in 
the two double turrets each battleship 
carries a total of nearly fifty rapid-fire 



and fifty pound projectiles hurled by the 
guns in the big double turrets. 

Following the Kearsarge and Kentucky 
came other sister vessels, the Alabama 
and Illinois of exactly the same dimen- 
sions, 368 feet length, 72 feet wide and 
drawing 23^ feet of water. The super- 
imposed turrets were not, however, intro- 
duced in the newer vessels nor in the class 
which followed, made up of the first-class 
battleships - Maine, Missouri and Ohio. 
These latter vessels are each 388 feet 
in length, 72 feet wide and draw 23^ feet 
of water. They have twelve-inch rifles 
for their principal weapons instead of 
thirteen-inch guns of the type found on 





Tlie double torreted monitor Monterey. 



guns, of which fourteen are of the big 
five-inch variety, arranged in broadside — 
a deadly line of seven of these quick-firing 
weapons ranging along either side of the 
main deck. Each of these large rapid- 
firers hurls a projectile weighing fifty 
pounds and one broadside or seven of 
these guns would be able during every 
minute of a fight to throw fifty-six shots 
or a total weight of nearly three thousand 
j)Ounds, which hurled at a velocity of 
2,300 feet per minute would be sufficient 
to lift a modern battleship nine feet in 
the air. And all this is without regard 
to the terrific destructive force of the 
eleven himdred pound and two hundred 



the Kearsarge, Kentucky, Alabama and 
Illinois, it being claimed that the twelve- 
inch gun which has long been used exten- 
sively in the British Navy, can be handled 
to better advantage than the larger guns. 
Meanwhile, returning to his old stand- 
by of civil war times, Uncle Sam has, 
within the past few years, secured at a 
cost of nearly a million dollars each, four 
modernized single-turret harbor defense 
monitors, the Arkansas, Florida, Nevada 
and Wyoming, each carrying two of the 
twelve-inch guns and a host of rapid-fire 
weapons of various calibres. Likewise we 
have within the half decade added to our 
floating strength a fleet of sixteen torpedo- 



84 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




BAttleship LouitiMia, tUter of Gonneoticat. 



boat destroyers and about a dozen torpedo 
boats of uniform designs. 

Eapid as has been our progress in 
acquiring floating fortresses up to this 
time, it pales in significance beside the 
great fleet now building or under contract. 
Just to indicate the scale on which addi- 
tions are now being made to our water- 
borne defenses it may be pointed out that 
whereas our navy now contains a total 
of only eleven first-class battleships, there 
are in the shipyards and in varying stages 
of completion, a total of thirteen first-class 
battleships, or more than our entire pres- 
ent strength, and this, too, is without re- 
gard to the battleship New Hampshire 
authorized by the last Congress, and the 
contract for which has not yet been let. 

Leaving out of consideration the new 
vessels just authorized, and the designs 
for which have not been fully determined 
upon, we have thirty-one vessels building 
as against two hundred and fifty-two now 
in our navy. However, nearly all of the 
new ships are fighters of good size while 
included in the present strength are many 
tugs, converted yachts and other minor 
craft. But to make another comparison 
which will emphasize what a tremendous 
building programme we have under way, 
it may be cited that the total tons dis- 
placement of the naval vessels now in serv- 
ioo is 531,886 with 767,088 indicated 
hori?e-power represented in tlieir engines. 
The now ships yet in the hands of the 



workmen will aggregate 349,431 tons and 
481,300 indicated horse-power. This will 
gi\iB us a grand total when all these ships 
are in commission of 881,317 tons and 
1,248,388 horse-power. Great Britain 
has a total tonnage of 1,485,105 while 
France has at present but 781,754. How- 
ever, France will, in all probability, have a 
sufficient number of new vessels afloat ere 
we gain our impending increase to keep 
Uncle Sam in third place instead of allow- 
ing him to move up at once to second 
place, as would be indicated by the above 
figures. 

Among the new battleships are the 
Connecticut and Louisiana — monsters 
450 feet in length and 16,000 tons dis- 
placement — to the construction of which 
special interest attaches because one is 
building in a private shipyard and the 
other in a government navy yard, in order 
to determine whether Uncle Sam or pri- 
vate enterprise can do things most quickly. 
An interesting group of duplicate battle- 
ships is made up of the Georgia, Nebraska, 
New Jersey, Rhode Island and Virginia. 
Each of these is 435 feet long, 76 feet wide 
and displaces nearly 15,000 tons of water. 
Like all our newer battleships their heavi- 
est battery consists of four twelve-inch 
guns. A slight improvement upon these 
designs is found in the plans for the yet 
newer Idaho class of battleships. 

Especially significant in our recent war- 
ship building is the fact that Miss Colum- 



THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE U. S. NAVY. 



85 



bia has, after an interval of neglect, gone 
back to the armored cruiser type of sea 
fighter which won world-wide fame when 
Yankee naval architects evolved the New 
York and later the Brooklyn. There are 
now well on the way to completion eight 
superb new armored cruisers bearing the 
names California, Colorado, Maryland, 
Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, 
Washington and Wisconsin. Each is 502 
feet in length — one hundred feet longer 
than the pioneer armored cruisers and 
longer than any of our battleships — and 
they have from 23,000 to 25,000 horse- 
power in herculean engines which will 
hurl them through the water at speeds 
in excess of twenty-five miles per hour. 
In addition to this big array of the "cav- 
alry of the sea" the new program author- 
izes two more armored cruisers, to be 
named the North Carolina and Montana, 
and three scout cruisers which will act 
as "the eyes of the fleet.'^ Incidently the 
conditions in our new possessions have 
made it necessary to provide a number of 
gunboats, some of which will soon be com- 
pleted, and the growth in the scope of 
Uncle Sam's floating schools for young 
^'Jackies'' has necessitated the letting of 
contracts for new training ships of the 
Cumberland class which have steam and 
sail power combined. 




BwiBffinff a IS'inch gvax into place on board the Orecon* 




The battleship Wisconsin. 



THE SCULPTORS CONCEPTION OF 

SACAJAWEA 

inere nave been no previoua attempta to produce a likeness of Sacaja'wea (BirdTironian)^ 
-who guided Lewis and Clark tkrougk several thousand miles of i?irildemess to tke 
Pacrnc Coast. Inasmuck as tkere kas come doi^vn to us no means by i^vkick any 
individual peculiarities of {ace, figure or gesture could be traced out, tke conceptions 
of tke two sculptors kerewitk reproduced kave a peculiar and lasting value. 

THERE is a cer^ 
tain fascination 
in studying dif- 
ferent concep- 
tions of the 
same subject by twa 
sculptors who are widely 
separated by distance^ 
tomperament and the in* 
fluences of environment^ 
and this is particularly 
true when the theme is. 
so fro«]i and untried m 
that of Sacajawea, the- 
Indian girl - wife and 
mother, who guided" 
Lewis and Clark through 
several thousand mile* 
of savage wilderness to- 
the Pacific. 

An Eastern and a 
Western city have been 
the scene of the activities, 
of the two sculptors, Miss- 
Alice Cooper (Chicago) 
and Bruno Louis Zimm 
(New York), who have 
been working out their 
conceptions of Sacajawea 
for the Lewis and Clark 
Fair and the Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition. 

Miss Cooper is em- 
bodying in her statue all 
the freedom, dramatic- 
intensity and unconquer- 
able courage of the West, 
Sacajawea standing with 
uplifted arm and ardent 
praze pointing toward the- 
distant sea. 

"The one exquisite 
touch, however, that dif- 
ferentiates this statue- 
, - , , , , . ^ ^ « , from every other is tha 

Lateit tketoh model of statue of Sacajawea for Lewis and Clark Fair. v i i j i 

Miss Cooper's conception. chubby, round-eycd pap- 




THE SCULPTOR'S CONCEPTION OF SACAJAWEA. 



87 



poose that peeps over Sacajawea's shoulder 
from under the buffalo robe. Without this 
mark of humanity, Sacajawea, with her 
superb fearlessness, would resemble aii 
Indian D i- 
ana." 

Bruno 
Zimm's con- 
cepiion, on 
the contrary, 
is of patience 
that endures 
to the end, 
' heroism min- 
gl ed with 
meekness, 
weariness that 
knows no rest. 
While less 
flramatic and 
impassioned 
in pose than 
Miss Cooper's 
it is strictly 
in accord 
with the facts 
that have 
•come down to 
us in the jour- 
nals of Lewis 
« n d Clark. 
Mr. Z i m m 
says: 

"In form- 
ing my con- 
■eeption, I 
tried to avoid 
the old, hack- 
neyed pose, 
with the hand 
shading the 
eyes, an atti- 
t u d e which 
Tias been used 
on every occa- 
sion of In- 
d i a n depic- 
t u r e, and 
which, what- 
•ever its artis- 
tic beauty, is 
•certainly very 
commonplace. 
"My statue is 
supposed t o 
•exhibit Saca- 




jawea as she may have appeared when 
crossing the Rockies, a weary, searching 
expression on her face and in her eye, 
looking out toward the West for the large 

water, the 
habitat of 
the whale, 
which s u b- 
sequently s o 
excited her 
curiosity. The 
dress, for the 
reason of her 
long captivity 
by the Minne- 
tarees, is of 
that tribe/' 

Thus it will 
be seen that 
realism is the 
keynote to 
M r. Zimm's 
conception of 
Sacajawea. 
Every detail 
i s painstak- 
ing, exact, 
true to the 
most petty de- 
tail of those 
hard and toil- 
some days of 
travel over the 
Rockies. 

Miss Cooper 
on the con- 
trary has 
idealized her 
theme, lifting 
her heroine 
above the 
plane of the 
commonplace 
into a loftier 
and nobler 
realm, trans- 
forming her 
into the very 
spirit of the 
West, keen of 
vision, daunt- 
less of henrt, 



pressing 
ward 



statue of Sacajawea made for St. Louis Fair by Bruno Zimm. 



on- 
with 
rapt purpose 
and unreiiiit- 
ting zeal to 
the goal. 



THE WHITE LADY 



A iKreird tale of mystery and adventure in ike sno^w-slirouded (sLBtneeeeB of tke mountainfl 

IN TWO PARTS-PART II 
By Carl Loius Kingsbury 



AFTER seeing Dick comfortably 
established I made my way 
back to Brown's and reported 
the realistic outcome of the 
accident that he had desired. 
Brown was much concerned ; he urged me 
to take a quarter of the mutton and return 
at once. 

"I'll be over airly in the morning; 
airly/' he told me; "I'll be riggin' up 
a sled to fetch Eastlake over here on 
in the morning." 

"0' course you fellers could come and 
camp on me with impunerty but camping 
on the Mexican — ^that's different; I'll 
be over airly." 

"Thompson is due to-morrow, to take 
us back to the station," I remarked. 

'TTou all c'n go all right; it ain't 
going to hurt a spraint ankle none to ride 
on a easy buckboard. Now you git back 
and stay right with Eastlake until I come 
in the morning." 

It was nine o'clock. The three of us, 
Dick and the Mexican and I, were sitting 
before the fire, a silent party, for it 
seemed impossible to engage the Mexican's 
attention on any subject, though he was 
plainly above the average of his country- 
men in intelligence, when Dick remarked, 
glancing at the meat that still lay on the 
table where I had deposited it on first 
entering : 

"I'm as hungry as a wolf" — ^he got no 
further, the Mexican turned on him with 
flashing eyes; — "AYhat for you speak like 
that?" he checked himself abruptly; "It 
is true, senor, no doubt that you have 
much hunger, and your friend has brought 
food; we will eat." He got up, starting 
toward the door of the room that I after- 
ward knew to be the kitchen, but paused 
to say, apologetically; "I have not so 
great of food myself ; the snow, it is deep, 
and never, at any time, was I of mucii 
success with a gim." 

The meal to which he presently called 
ns consisted of mutton steaks and water — 



nothing more. "It is that the snow is 
so deep," the Mexican again explained 
as I took my seat at the table while he 
filled a plate and glass for Dick to whom 
supper was served on a little table beside 
his chair. 

The Mexican sat with me, his back to 
the door of the room in which Dick sat; 
I had not heard the opening of the closed 
door where the woman waited but, pres- 
ently, Dick's voice sounded, clearly and 
questioningly : 

"Good evening, madam, — I, the gentle- 
man who runs this establishment — ^" 

The gentleman who ran the establish- 
ment, his face the color of grey ashes, 
had already bounded to his feet, and, in 
three swift strides, was beside Dick's 
table. I, curious to know why he should 
become so painfully excited because his 
wife had chosen to show herself at last, 
was close behind him. 

Before the fire, slightly supporting her- 
self against the back of a high chair, 
stood a woman, smiling down upon Dick, 
who was returning her regard with a look 
of intense surprise. She was a tall 
woman, magnificently dressed, notwith- 
standing that she was within doors, in "x 
cloak or mantle, of softest white fur. The 
mantle was so long that it reached to her 
feet, which I observed, as she advanced 
one of those slender members toward the 
blaze, were also clad in white fur. 

"I grew weary of lying still." She 
tossed the explanation over her shoulder 
to the Mexican, much as she might have 
tossed a bone to a hungry dog, and I 
am bound to say, he received it with 
something of the expression and air that 
the canine might have done. The woman 
again turned to Dick, who is very hand- 
some; from his face her eyes — yellow 
eyes, with more than a hint of ferocity 
in their depths — ^turned slowly to the 
scanty supper on the table beside him. 

"You furnish your guests but poor 
entertainment; you should have called on 



THE WHITE LADY. 



89 



me to assist you." She glanced at the 
Mexican and laughed mockingly. 

"1 do that that I can ; you know I would 
do better were it in my power," the Mex- 
ican assured her, humbly, and I saw, with 
wonder, that his forehead was beaded with 
perspiration and that his hands were 
trembling. 

"You should have called me," she 
repeated, and Dick hastened to declare; 
"We have done very well indeed. We 
owe you and your husband apologies for 
this intrusion; it was, as you see," nodding 
slightly toward his injured foot — "una- 
voidable." 

"Make no apologies," the White Lady — 
as I had mentally christened her — said, 
smiling slightly, "My — ^husband — ^here, 
has a saying, the Lord will provide, and 
this is a provision. To-morrow there 
will be food in plenty — for me." 

"I said it to you but once — once — when 
we were starving, Cyrene. May the Mother 
of God be merciful! It was sacrilege," 
murmured the man, in a broken voice. 

"My friends helped us then; we shall 
not need to call upon them this time — 
although, as you told the senor, the snow 
is deep," the White Lady responded with 
a smile that revealed, rather unpleasantly 
long, white teoth. Perhaps I am over 
fanciful, but her smile seemed to me a 
thing to shudder at. The thin, scarlet 
lips curled back and the yellow eyes glit- 
tered. She still maintained the station 
that she had first taken beside the high 
chair but, as she made the last remark, 
she gave an impatient movement and the 
furred mantle slipped from one shoulder 
revealing, to our astonished eyes, a 
blood-stained bandage about the exposed 
shoulder and neck. With a smothered 
exclamation, the Mexican sprang to her 
side. 

"Will you not lie down? You take 
risks; lie down," he said entreatingly, 
readjusting the mantle. 

^Tlisks!" she retorted, scornfullv; ^^I 
shall take more — many more — ^unless^ — • 
to-morrow — there shall be much food in 
the cabin. Is it not so?" she glared at 
him questioningly. 

The Mexican stamped his foot in sud- 
den, uncontrollable rage. 

"Always it is that you are hungry ! But 
no, a thousand times no!" he cried sav- 
agelv. 

The White Lady dropped into the chair 



beside which she had been standing and 
stretched her hands toward the fire. "You 
are not wise, Cordova, it would be weU 
to gratify me." As the man whom she 
caUed Cordova made no reply she turned 
to Dick and continued, in a thin, high 
voice, "This, it is a far and a cold country. 
We dwellers in the wilderness know its 
dangers, its hunger, its trackless solitudes 
as none other can." She paused and Dick 
nodded assent without speaking ; his seem- 
ing indifference apparently piqued her for 
there was a distinct suggestion of a whine 
in her voice as she continued: 

"To wander amid the snows all day, 
to feel the cutting wind upon one's face, 
to hear the wild voices of the creatures 
who haunt these solitudes, to feel set 
apart and homeless, that is the heart of 
all loneliness, and, after that, crowning 
it all, comes hunger." 

"What a singular creature ; what a mys- 
terious creature ! Who is she, what is she, 
whence does she come, and whither does 
she go?" I questioned, melitally, with 
an underlying thought that, so far, the 
AVhite Ijady's remarks, few as they had 
been, had brought up, and ended, with a 
sort of linguistic crash against the one 
dominating idea of hunger. 

Cordova had seated himself in such a 
way that his eyes were fixed on the gleam- 
ing orbs of the White Lady. It struck 
me, after a furtive glance or two, that 
they were compelling eyes, this in despite 
of the abject manner in which he had 
entreated her but a moment before, and 
that they were commanding the White 
I,ady. Presentlv she desisted from her 
attempt to set Dick to talk and looked 
at the Mexican. 

"There is more than one way of doing 
a thing," she said, coldly; "since you 
will not agree to the thing that I desire, 
play." 

"Not to-night," Cordova implored, his 
voice quivering with anxiety, "You are 
hurt—" 

"Plav." she reiterated. 

"No!" 

'^es, else—" 

"I will plav, but I will have no treach- 
ery. Kemember that." 

"There shall be none — as you mean it.'' 

I had, before this, noticed a violin lying 
on a table in the corner. It seemed fitting 
that the instrument should voice the 
further expression of this mystifying 



90 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



pair, with their puzzling conversation. 
The Mexican took the violin and began 
playing. It was the one strain that the 
depot agent had tried to catch, alluringly, 
insistently, entreatingly given; that one 
strain and no other, the player repeated 
it a half dozen times and stopped. 

"It is enough,^' he said, bitterly. 

"It is enough — ^and you, you are a 
coward!" With the words, the White 
Lady arose, stealing softly toward the 
door. "It is enough," she repeated, and, 
opening the door, stepped out into the 
freezing winter night. The door closed 
upon her but not before there came to our 
ears the sound of many scurrying, padded 
feet. The violin dropped from the Mex- 
ican's shaking grasp, he covered his face 
with his hands and groaned aloud. 

Dick half rose from his chair. "Now," 
he cried, "What does this mean, why do 
you allow that lady to go alone into the 
night, in this wilderness, and in this 
weather ?*' 

"Neither the wilderness or the weather 
affect her, and I will answer no questions. 
You came here uninvited, senor," returned 
the Mexican, recovering his nerve. 

We were given sleeping quarters in one 
of the adjoining rooms and, for reasons, 
I purposely left the door between it and 
the larger room ajar. We both lay down 
without undressing; I was resolved not 
to lose myself in sleep: there was some- 
thing so eerie, so inexplicable in our 
surroundings and companionship that, 
it seemed to me, a case for watchfulness. 
What DicFs intentions were I could not 
say but I know that it was long before 
he slept, as I could tell by his restless 
movements. 

As I lay in my bunk I could see the 
Mexican hovering over the fire in the next 
room ; his attitude was one of the deepest 
dejection. Evidently, the night was to 
bring no sleep to him. Dick's regular 
breathing at length proclaimed that he 
slept, and I think I must have lost myself 
in a doze, for I had seen or heard no 
one enter when I was roused by the sound 
of low voices in the next room and I 
opened my eyes to see the White Lady 
standing by the side of the Mexican with 
one slim white hand upon his shoulder 
entreating him, apparently without effect, 
so much was plain from their attitude 
and the expression on their faces. I could 
not catch their words until, becoming 



angered, the White Lady raised her voice. 

"I am absolved from that promise. Why 
should I have kept it, what are promises 
to me? But I have kept it — ^because It 
suited me to do so; it is you who have 
broken our compact. None, not one 
himian foot was to cross this threshold 
while I remained." 

"Cyrene," in his excitement the Mex- 
ican spoke more loudly, "you know the 
circumstances." 

"Bah, what care I for circumstances! 
And it was one of them who gave me 
this." She touched the reddened bandage 
with one claw -like hand, continuing 
angrily, "We went far and found nothing. 
They have chased away the game — at 
least, they have chased it out of my reach 
fpr the present. See," she tore savagely 
at the bandage on her shoulder — ^'^my 
wound bleeds again — ^" 

"I told you, Cyrene, that you incurred 
a risk — " 

"Risk ! Give me satisfaction. I would 
not let them go on without me and I 
return, as I went, hungry. I am weary 
of hunger; I will forgive your breach 
of faith if you will — ^" 

"I will not, I have told you." Both 
voices were louder and the Mexican rose 
to his feet. The White Lady stood in 
front of him ; she placed a hand on either 
of his shoulders as she said, "You need 
do nothing only keep out of the way, it is 
all I ask. It is not much." 

"Not much! Oh, you devil, you devil. 
Outcast of God and man that I am, that 
will I not do. For you, soulless, I have 
accepted damnation — ^" 

"He is so beautiful," urged the White 
Lady in a sibilant whisper, "So beautiful. 
And these blonds — ." The Mexican, his 
eyes glittering ominously, gave her an 
angry push, the mantle fell still farther 
from her shoulder, she rearranged it with 
a steady hand but the hand was reddened 
with blood when she held it up before 
Cordova's eyes. 

"Sec!" she said, "I suffer, it is well 
that I have satisfaction. You do not care 
that my blood stains this hand — and 
yours !" With a sudden gesture she swept 
her dripping hand across his palm and 
laughed to see the crimson stain that it 
left. "It is as well," she went on calmly 
enough, "I am tired of you. I told you 
that I should tire of you sooner or later. 
You are a tame coward, but you shall not 



THE WHITE LADY. 



91 



balk me, I have always had my own way, 
and I always shall/^ 

"Not if it lies through this man^s heart, 
Cyrene. No, not for you or all your kind.'' 

"One's way may deviate, somewhat, it 
need not always lie through a white man'3 
heart ; other hearts will do. And, alway?, 
you are a poor hunter, Cordova. My own 
and the wilderness are better. Good 
night." 

The door opened, closed again, and 
Cordova brooded alone over the dying fire. 

Brown was on hand with the sled before 
sunrise the next morning but he seemed 
to regard his arrival as late enough to 
require some apology. 

"I've had to break roads most of the 
way," he said, ^^ut we'll get you out o' 
this, now, in a jiffy." 

The Mexican had disappeared on 
Brown's arrival and we left without seeing 
him again. 

Dick^s foot was much better when, late 
in the afternoon. Hank Thompson put in 
an appearance, and he professed himself 
as willing and able to start at once on the 
return journey. But Thompson vetoed 
that proposition. 

"It's too late in the day to start out 
now," he said, "We'll get a soon start in 
the morning, all right, but we may's well 
inflict our comp'ny on Brown for to- 
night." 

We stayed accordingly. Once, twice, 
thrice, during the night Dick and I, lying 
wakeful, heard the wild cry that was so 
like the wailing note on the Mexican'^ 
violin, and even the stolid Hank had been 
disturbed by the crying, as we learned at 
breakfast. 

"Heard wolves hoUerin' 'round to beat 
the band last night," he remarked, "They 
must be gittin' purty thick since the 
bounty^s took off." 

^TTes," Brown assented, "they are." 

Presently, Thompson went out to hitch 
up his mules. His departure was fol- 
lowed, directly, by an excited and urgent 
shout : 

"Come out here; come quick!" 



What we found, when we reached the 
spot that Hank indicated, was the torn 
and mangled body of the Mexican, Cor- 
dova, lying in a blood-stained wallow of 
snow. 

"Must a' been comin' over here and the 
wolves ketched him," Hank said, soberly. 
"But why didn't he holler? We could a' 
heard him, this nigh the house; why in 
time didn't he holler?" 

A tuft of white fur still tightly clutched 
in one mangled hand may have been the 
answer to that question. Cordova had 
made no outcry; was his life given for 
another ? Had he purposely kept silence ? 

When we reached the station we found 
that the afternoon train, true to its tradi- 
tions, was some hours late. Before it came 
we had seen the coroner and knew that he 
was on his way to the cabin, far away 
in the mountain solitudes, where lay the 
body of the Mexican. 

Twilight was deepening into dusk when, 
far down the track, a single wavering 
star grew and brightened and we knew 
that the belated train was approaching. 
Within the lonely little station house Dick 
and the operator and I waited. Suddenly, 
"Holy Moses, what's that!" shouted the 
operator, pointing, as he spoke, to one 
of the rear windows. 

Framed in the frosty panes, as we 
looked, was a strange white face. A face 
with long, gleaming teeth showing white 
between parted scarlet lips and with flam- 
ing yellow eyes that glared at Dick, at 
Dick alone. 

In an instant we were on the platform 
outside. Within that instant the traip 
thundered up with a roar and a rumble 
that shook the earth. 

It was the voice of the great world 
calling us back to the known and the 
commonplace. 

We ran around the depot to the rear 
window. Nothing there, but, away across 
the field, going: as lightly as thistle-down 
blown before the wind, ran a guant white 
wolf, making back to the mountains from 
whence we had come. 




THE SITE OF FORT CLATSOP 



^WLere tke first land \nr^a cleared and bouses built by American citizens on tbe 

Pacmc Coast 

By P. W. GiUette 




Looatinff the ti^ht of Fort Clatsop. At the extreme left is Silas B. Smith, the desoendant of 
Oobaway, the Clatsop chief. In the oenter are L. B. Cox and C. W. Shane. All three are deceased. 
At the extreme right is the writer of this article. 



SOME three years ago the Oregon 
Historical Society, realizing the 
necessity of permanently establish- 
ing the location of Fort Clatsop, 
deputized Mr. L. B. Cox to visit 
the locality, in the company of the writer, 
and to leave such marks as will permit no 
future doubt as to the exact site. In the 
party were also Silas B. Smith, Judge 
Galloway and Carlos W. Shane. The lat- 
ter is an old settler, who was at one time 
in possession of the ground occupied by 
the fort. 

The writer was able to identify the ex- 
act spot, and, by the relative location of 
standing timber, to determine the boun- 
daries of the pallisade. Stakes were 
driven, so that the site of the fort — the 
"Plymouth Eock of the Pacific'^ — is fixed 
for all time. 

Fort Clatsop, so named by Lewis and 
Clark for the Clatsop Indians who occu- 
pied the surrounding country, is situated 
on the west bank of the river Netdle, now 
the Lewis and Clark River, one and a half 
miles above its mouth, and three miles 
from the Pacific Ocean, in Clatsop 
County, Oregon. 



Lewis and Clark reached and selected 
this point on the 7th day of December, 
1805, and on the 8th commenced to cut 
down trees, clear land and build their 
cabins. They erected seven cabins in all ; 
the smokehouse was built first, in order 
to have a place to smoke and dry their 
meat. A storehouse was built for their 
ammunition, stores, etc. ; a small cabin for 
Tousaint Chabonau, the interpreter, and 
his wife, "Sac-a-ja-wea," and the remain- 
der of the cabins were used as quarters for 
the officers and men. As soon as the 
houses were completed, they constructed 
a strong stockade around the clearing, as 
a protection against the Indians. 

The stockade enclosed something over 
a half an acre of land, and stood on the 
high land, about two hundred yards back 
from the river; within and on the north 
side of the inclosure was a beautiful 
spring, which supplied the garrison with 
an abundance of pure water. After the 
fort was completed, a number of men were 
set to work to survey and open a trail 
through the forest to the ocean, three miles 
west. 

Fortunately they found a dividing ridge 



THE SITE OF FORT CLATSOP. 



1»3 



running almost due west, and nearly 
through the timber, to the Skipenon 
Creek, across which they felled a tree for 
a bridge. This stream ran through a 
broad marsh, through which the men were 
obliged to wade. When the writer came 
to Oregon in 1852 this trail was in pretty 
good condition, having been kept open by 
Indians and wild animals. I have walked 
over it many times. 

The houses of Fort Clatsop were built 
of round logs and roofed with "split 
shakes,'^ and the cracks chinked with tim- 
ber and moss. 

When Lewis and Clark left Fort Clat- 
sop, March 28, 1806, they gave the fort, 
houses and furniture to Co-ba-way, the 
Clatsop chief, with whom they were very 
friendly. 

Some of Co-ba-way^s grandchildren yet 
live on Clatsop Plains. One of his daugh- 
ters married a white man, Mr. S. H. 
Smith, who crossed the plains in 1834. 

Fort Clatsop is a spot of great historic 



importance. There the first land was 
cleared and houses built by American citi- 
zens on the Pacific Coast; there our flag 
was first planted by officers and soldiers of 
the United States, by direction of Presi- 
dent Jefferson. 

On the same trip a visit was paid 
to the "Salt Caim,^^ where Lewis and 
Clark boiled sea water to extract salt 
for their use. The appearance and 
location of the "Cairn" is sufiicient 
evidence that it is the one referred 
to by members of the expedition; but 
the best possible testimony was from 
the lips of the old squaw, "Stin-is-tum/^ 
or Jennie Micheal, as she is now called. 
The old woman — she is over 80 — ^was 
brought to the spot, and testified that her 
mother had often told her of Lewis and 
Clark, and had spoken of this pile of 
stones as the place where they made salt. 
It is noteworthy that Stin-is-tum is one 
of the three (one man and two women) 
sur\iving full-blood Clatsop Indians. 




8tin-is-tum, who located the "salt cairns" of Lewis and Clarli. 



THE PLAYHOUSE 

By A. Garland 




Xadffe Cur Cooke u "Xn. Winrt." 

DAVID BELASCO is in the en- 
viable though somewhat difficult 
position of living up to his rep- 
utation. Within the last few 
years he has made three stars 
whose popularity is on the increase. He 
is now confronted with the question : Hav- 
ing outshone all other managers, can I 
now outshine myself? Mr. Belasco is the 
one producer who furnishes veritable sur- 
prises to theatergoers, nnd this season^s 



was the appearance of Henrietta Crosman 
in his play "Sweet Kitty Bellairs/' 
founded on Egerton Castle's novel "The 
Bath Comedy." Mr. Belasco has a the- 
ater of his own, and four stars — Mrs. Les- 
lie Carter, Blanche Bates, David Warfidd 
and Henrietta Crosman, all of whom have 
made record runs. 

So far as supporting companies are con- 
cerned, Mr. Belasco has set a standard no 
other manager seems willing, if able, to 
equal; and when it comes to the staging 
of a piece, it is perhaps true that Mr. Be- 
lasco surpasses them all. 

m m m 

There are two classes of people to whom 
success is never begrudged — to the one 
who has honestly and laboriously earned 
it, and to the other who has attained it 
easily and yet wears it so graciously that 
we are glad that it has come without the 
usual attendant drudgery. To these two 
divisions a mother and her daughter be- 
long, Madge Carr Cooke and Eleanor Rob- 
son. The former, after long years in 
stock work and character parts in many 
and various companies, is now a star in 
"Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch/' a 
play the box office receipts of which are 
in correct proportion to the selling quali- 
ties of the book itself. Eleanor Kobson, 
her daughter, came into prominence not 
more than three years ago in "A Balcony." 
She followed that by appearing as Kyrle 
Bellew's leading woman, and then, most 
pretentious of all, she essayed Juliet. Even 
those critics who thought it impossible 
for her to make a characterization merit- 
ing praise, found her interpretation de- 
lightful. Miss Robson had seen no one 
act the part and her reading had the claim 
to originality. This year she is the little 
'^slavey" in a dramatization of Israel 
ZangwilFs story "Merely Mary Ann." It 
was said that she fell in love with the 
quaint character of Mary Ann before she 
thought of playing the role, and those 
who have read the book will remember 
that the tale breaks off suddenly, leaving 
doubt as to the ending. 

Mary Ann, the tiny maid of all work, 
fresh from the green meadows, has come 
into all the horrors of a London lodging 
house, and, unknowingly, falls in love 



THE PLAYHOUSE. 



95 



with a young composer, Lancelot. In 
poverty and failure, with a desperate 
craving for human sympathy, he turns 
more and more to Mary Ann, and accepts 
her genuine devotion. At last he is forced 
into doing what he considers hack work 
— writing a popular air — and with the 
despised reward he decides to leave Lon- 
don for the country. Mary Ann, in all 



her innocence, begs to go with him, and at 
last he consents. Then comes the news 
that Mary Ann has fallen into a fortune, 
and now Lancelot's pride makes him re- 
fuse all that Mary Ann more eagerly than 
ever offers. 

Here it was the story ceased, and Miss 
Robson begged Mr. Zangwill to tell us 




Arnold Daly and Dorothy Donnelly in "Candida.*' 



DC) 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




David Warfield, a clever actor who owei much of his laooess to 
Belaaoo'i management. 



how it ended, and so "they married and 
lived happily'* act was tacked on. A very 
simple and almost trite plot, and yet 
"Merely Mary Arm," with its Dickens- 
esque flashes of humor and pathos, is very 
real to us. Miss Eobson has the greatest 
of all gifts — ^the power to touch our hearts. 
* * * 

It must be encouraging to start out 
with all the earmarks which attend 
genius; to have in rapid succession those 
disappointments which are meant to try 
one's courage and whet one's ambition. It 
would seem as though when discourage- 
ments pressed hardest, something must 
have whispered to Arnold Daly, "keep on 
— this is but the payment exacted in ad- 
vance for honors soon to come.'' Mr. 
Daly kept on, and his is the greatest per- 



sonal triumph of the sea- 
son. As an experiment, 
he produced at a matinee, 
George Bernard Shaw's 
"Candida." The audience 
was made up largely of 
players, but his fame 
spread. 

Then came the chance 
to fill in a week's engage- 
ment; the critics were 
united in * their wonder- 
ing praise, and the pub- 
lic began to take notice. 
WinchcU Smith, Mr. 
Daly's manager, believed 
in the venture, and the 
tiniest theater in New 
York, "The Vaudeville," 
was leased. Then came 
the fire regulations, and 
while "The Vaudeville" 
was undergoing these 
changes, some place must 
be secured. Mr. Smith 
besought the "Carnegie 
Lyceum Company," but 
they refused, as one of 
their rules forbade the 
moving in of scenery. He 
offered to play with their 
scenery, and so one night 
was provided for, but the 
following evenings had 
been engaged in advance 
by others. He endeav- 
ored to persuade "The 
Strollers," whose stage is 
of an ironing-board dimensions, but no 
woman had ever played in their club- 
house and it took much labor to induce 
them to be gallant, but at last the much 
traveled "Candida" had a home for a sec- 
ond evening. 

No place else could be discovered, and 
so "Candida" went back to daily matinees 
at "Carnegie Lyceum." Then the New 
York Kindergarten Association asked Mr. 
Daly to play a benefit matinee, and if 
there is one organization which contains 
the elect in the fashionable worid, this is 
the one. The seats sold for ten dollars 
apiece, and even the passes which went to 
the critics were paid for at that rate, but 
Arnold Daly now had the stamp of ap- 
proval from Fifth Avenue, and what mat- 
tered all his previous hardships? 




Scene from "Sweet Kitty Bellairs," Henrietta Crosmaa's succeuful play of the past season. 



98 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




MlM Eleanor Robion u "Mary Ann." 

Mr. Daly's first hit was in "Pudden'- 
head Wilson/^ with Frank Mayo. Mr. 
Mayo is one of the young actor's idols; 
he and Eleanore Duse, a large portrait of 
whom, together with an autograph letter, 
hangs in the lobby, are the patron saints 
of "The VaudeviUe." Mr. Daly has de- 
cided views as to his work. "I don't want 
to star. Any actor can get a backer and 
do that, but every one can't play. A good 
production is what I care about, no mat- 
ter whether I have the best role or not." 

He is very young and very enthusiastic, 



and this is only the beginning of his 
work; if he keeps on as he has begun, he 
will be a worthy successor to, if not even 
greater than, Mr. Mansfield. 

* * * 

When each season brings its crop of 
theatrical failures, and this year's is a 
plentiful one, there comes the annual hue 
and cry for the ignored American dra- 
matist. But does he exist, and is he go- 
ing the rounds with his wonderful play 
to which no manager is willing to listen? 
Why do not these same critics advertise 
that they are willing to advocate his cause, 
and the honor of discovery will be theirs ? 

Playwrights are all too scarce, and 
managers know that few patrons are at- 
tracted purely by reason of the author of 
a piece. Take Richard Harding Davis. 
He is well known, his novels are liked, but 
his first play, a dramatization of "Soldiers 
of Fortune," was not carried to success 
by the power of his name, but by the breez- 
iness of Mr. Edeson. What happened to 
his next play, "The Taming of Helen," 
with even a better cast ? It was soon taken 
off, and now this season, after his appren- 
ticeship at play-buildihg, comes his first 
real play, "The Dictator," with William 
Collier in the leading role. Even the 
magic of Clyde Fitch's name could not save 
"Glad Of It," and if "The Other Girl," 
written by Augustus Thomas, had not 
been the cleverest comedy which has ap- 
peared this winter, it would not have been 
playing to packed houses, but would have 
gone the way of his "Colorado." 

Another case directly in point is that of 
George Ade. ^Teggy From Paris" did not 
draw because of his fame, but when that 
was taken off, his newer "The County 
Chairman" proved so popular that it has 
lasted the rest of the season. 



This year has been an unprofitable one 
for the theaters, and consequently the list 
of revivals has been large and the number 
of Shakespearean productions remarkable. 
There is less expense and not so much risk 
connected with a revival, wherefore Fran- 
cis Wilson and De Wolf Hopper returned 
to their former successes, "Erminie" and 
"Wang." "The Two Orphans" was put on 
with an all-star cast, and it was a pleasure 
to see the younger generation who made 
up the larger part of the audience. 



THE CHINOOK WIND. 



yy 



So far as Shakespeare 
is concerned, he draws 
no royalties, and can not 
complain of how his 
plays are put on. Viola 
Allen and Mr. Greet^s 
company of Elizabethan 
players presented 
^'Twelfth Night,'' the 
first, in a very modem 
and gorgeous produc- 
tion; the second, in the 
way it was done in 
Shakespeare's time. 

Ada Eehan and Otis 
Skinner as joint stars in 
*'The Merchant of Ven- 
ice" and ''The Taming 
of the Shrew" were thor- 
oughly artistic, but the 
really wonderful im- 
personation — the one 
creation which brought 
new light to bear on the 
most fascinating and 
hardest of roles — was 
the Hamlet Forbes Rob- 
ertson gave us. He made 
the moody Dane a hu- 
man being — rational in 
every way. His reading 
was delightful, his voice 
the most flexible of any 
modem actor and his 
face and physique ideal 
for that character. 




David BeUioo. 



THE CHINOOK WIND 



Bom of the breath of the ocean 

And warmed by the son-kissed sand 
On the shifting dnnes of Clatsop 

And the westmost sea-girt land, 
To the ice-littered crest of the mountains 

The deep bellied snows of the plain 
Unlocking the source of the fountains 

With the soft soothing breath and the rain. 

Warm as the tints of the even 

The sundown portals gave 
Soft as the breast of the ocean. 

Strong as the sweep of her wave, 
Up the inland stretch of waters, 

By the ice king's hoary throne, 
Quickening ever slumbering nature. 

Calling springtime to its own. 

W. C. B 



THE EYE OF GANESHA 



By Eleanor M. Hiestand-Moore 



WHEN Professor Bodley was 
up on Puget Sound maldng 
observations on the Japanese 
current, I assisted him up to 
the time when the Navi\f^- 
tion Commission notified us that the ap- 
propriation for this special work was ex- 
hausted. In the days of unlimited leisure 
wliich intervened, Bodley took to writing 
articles on the hyperborean tribes, while I 
continued to angle for seaweed and evolve 
theories upon the migration of aquatic 
life. One morning I went over to Lummi's 
Island at the Indian reservation, and it 
was on the south beach I picked up the 
remarkable relic which I have since called 
the Eye of Ganesha. Much to my sur- 
prise. Professor Bodley refused to recog- 
nize the importance of this discovery, al- 
though he was deeply interested in dem- 
onstrating the great power of portage in 
ocean currents. The moment I saw this 
very peculiar object lying in a heap of 
cobblestones, I apprehended its import- 
ance. 

It was a black stone, very heavy, of 
obscure composition, resembling jade more 
than anything else, ovoid in shape, smooth 
on one side but upon the other marked 
with a few vague lines in which I could 
plainly trace an attempt to delineate a 
human eye. It seemed to me as I exam- 
ined it that on the black surface of the 
stone I could detect faint indications of 
color artificially applied, but if this were 
so, the sea water had practically obscured 
the fact. There were also certain little 
scratches upon the stone as though it had 
been firmly set in metal with which it bore 
the marks of friction. Moreover, when I 
took an impression of the intaglio, I de- 
tected the line of a drooping eyelid, and 
holding the stone in a certain position, 
it seemed to me perfectly obvious that I 
had found the eye of some huge image. 
I wrote for the Smithsonian a voluminous 
report of this discovery, embodying some 
remarks on the possibility of the Japanese 
current having transported to the western 
shore o^' America an object of such size 
and weight. Professor Bodley refused to 
si^ this report, and it was never for- 



warded. I set the stone up on my man- 
tel, where it challenged a great deal of ar- 
gument up to the time when the astonish- 
ing event which I am about to narrate, 
occurred. 

I had gone to bed one night on a salmon 
salad, and I did not sleep well. My room 
faced the street, but, as I lay there toss- 
ing restlessly in bed, it occurred to me that 
the electric lights were unusually bright 
and I got up to close the blinds more se- 
curely. But there was just as much light 
in the room as ever. It was filled with an 
odd refulgence such as I have since seen 
emanating from specimens of radium. 
Moreover, as I endeavored to investigate 
this phenomenon, I observed that the light 
was intermittent. It ebbed and flowed at 
slow intervals, as though it emanated from 
some source regulated by an automatic 
cut-off. 

"What the — !" I observed in bewilder- 
ment, to which casual remark there was 
an Immediate reply in the form of a rather 
melodious whistle, coming from the chim- 
ney corner. 

"Bodley !'' I called sharply, but he was 
snoring in oblivion. 

"It ain't Bodley,^' some one observed. 
"It's me V' 

I traced this remark to my Morris chair 
where there was a strange man sitting. I 
turned on the electric light. 

"Thanks!" said my visitor with a sigh 
of relief. 

"What are you doing here?" I de- 
manded, at which he shrugged his shoul- 
ders in a deprecating way and smiled 
wearily. 

"I ain't here from choice," he replied in 
a despondent tone. "Pve followed that 
damned eye for months !" 

"What eye?" I asked, as I had little 
need to ask, for immediately I felt a mild 
electric shock which evidently came from 
the mantel where my much-disputed relic 
lay. 

It was glowing with what we now call 
"radio-activity," and as I gazed at it in 
astonishment it rolled upward, the heavy 
lid closed over it for a moment, opening 
again as the light continued to stream 



THE EYE OF GANESHA. 



101 



from the dilated pupil, and I felt upon 
my whole body the gentle pricking of an 
electric shower. 

"I wouldn^t stand there/' observed my 
visitor. "It ain't good for you. I can 
stand it, because I ain't all here you know, 
but you'd better move over there," and he 
waved me to the other side of the fireplace. 

"May I ask," I managed to say, "what 
all this means?" 

"Blamed if I know," he said gloomily. 
"You picked the darned thing up, and 
wherever it goes, I go. That's the rule 
of the game." 

He was a blunt man in coarse clothes. 
His face bore marks of dissipation, and 
he was much tanned. 

'nSTho are you, anyhow?" I inquired 
very naturally. 

"I used to be a sailor," he said, sighing, 
and then I observed for the first time that 
he held in his hands a shabby cap on 
which the letters "TJ. S. S. Montgomery*' 
were faintly legible and that hi)th his 
wrists were tattooed with red and blue 
bracelets. 

"I was gunner's mate, sir, in the Unitod 
States Navy, that's what I was," he de- 
clared, "but I'll be if I know what 

I am now !" 

'TVTiere did you come from?" I per- 
sisted. 

"Steillacoom." 

The lunatic asylum ! 

'T ain't bughouse," he observed, "though 
I don't blame anybody who thinks I am. 
It's such a darned queer thing that I don't 
expect folks to believe it. It's natural 
they'd think I'm crazy. You see," he con- 
cluded confidentially, "this ain't me you're 
talking to— I mean that I'm sleepin:^ 
down at Steillacoom in bed like anybody 
else, though I'm booming around up here 
at the same time just as you see me." 

"Oh!" I exclaimed, "you are an astral 
entity." 

"Is that what you call it?" he said, 
much relieved that I could grasp the sit- 
uation. 

I went over to the closet and poured out 
some whisky. I seemed to need a brace. 

"Have a drink?" I inquired, as pleas- 
antly as I could. 

He groaned and buried his face in his 
hands, as though the suggestion were tor- 
turing. 

"I can't drink," he said piteouslv, "and 
I can't eat — when I'm like this, I mean. 



I can't seem to get hold of things. There 
ain't no feel to 'em." 

^TTou must feel queer," I remarked with 
growing interest. 

"I feel queer, and I am queer," he said 
emphatically. "Just keep your eye to 
the sou' west — will you? Look at this!" 

Then to my imutterable astonishment 
the man rose from the chair and deliber- 
ately walked through the wall into the 
next room where I heard him whistling 
softly a familiar air. He did not disap- 
pear in any mysterious manner. He 
simply walked through the wall as though 
it had not been there and as I stood gaz- 
ing after him, he came back in the same 
remarkable fashion without the least ex- 
ertion. 

"Now you see me, now you don't!" 
he remarked grimly. "Wotddn't that jar 
you? It beats any hoodoo show I ever 
seen." 

"How do you account for it?" I asked. 

He jerked his thumb toward the man- 
tel. 

"It's that goo-goo-eyed god," he said 
savagely, an impertinence which was 
promptly resented, for the stone eye' 
emitted an angry flash and I felt a shock 
that nearly knocked me over. The man 
cowered in the chair overcome with fright. 

"Don't look at me like that!" he said. 
"For the Lord's sake, don't look at me 
like that !" 

The eyeball rolled in excitement, and 
the heavy lid began to wink very rapidly, 
while a shower of sparks seemed to ema- 
nate from the luminous interior aglow 
with a brilliant phosphorescence. 

"I'll be good !" wailed the wretched man. 
like a terrified child. "0, Ganesha! I'll 
be good, if you'll forgive me !" 

He was actually crawling on his kneet* 
before the glovring eye, his forehead 
touching the floor in the most abject hu- 
miliation. He writhed and moaned as 
though he were in great pain. 

"For Heaven's sake !" I cried, "what i& 
the matter?" 

Yet I could see for myself that the poor 
wretch was in the power of the Eye. It 
was some time before he grew quiet and 
could speak to me coherently — some time 
after the stone eyelid had drooped again 
and the angrv sparks had ceased to scin- 
tillate. 

"I ain't ffot a mite of sense," he said 
brokenly. "Ganesha ain't fond of me — 



102 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



naturally — ^because I busted his face one 
time in the Temple. Me and Tim John- 
son went ashore one day. It was a Hoodoo 
Temple/* he explained. 

"Hindus I suggested. 

'TTes 1 It was an oflE day and we had a 
good-sized jag on. We got in underground 
in the cellar where they kept the sacred 
cats and we crawled up the gangway be- 
fore any one got on to us. I ain^t got 
much respect for idols — ^at least, I didn't 
use to have,*' he added apologetically. 

'TTou looted the place,** I said sternly; 
''you two drunken sailors 1 They ought 
to have killed you both. I am surprised 
that an officer in the United States 
Navy — ^** 

"Lord, sir!** he interposed. '1 didn*t 
know no better in those days. Tim and I 
gouged the idol*s eyes out, but we didn*t 
mean anything by it. Anyhow, the idol 
got even with us. He got after us botti 
every night and when the eyes was 
stolen — ^** 

''Stolen?** I exclaimed. 

"What*d you expect?** he demanded. 
"We warn*t the only ones that wanted *em. 
But the idol made us hunt *em up again 
and there won*t be a moment*s peace for 
either of us till them eyes are put back 
where they came from. One of them 
turned up at Foochow in a fantan game 
and Tim got stuck in the gizzard for try- 
ing to grab it. I meet Tim sometimes. He 
says he*s dead, but he*s the liveliest corpse 
I ever seen. His other eye— it*s the left 
6an*sha eye — ^** he observed, jerking his 
thumb toward it,— "I don't know how it 
got over here.** 

"By the Japanese current,** I said 
quickly. 

"Maybe so!** he replied; "maybe not! 
Anyhow, Tve got to keep tagging around 
after it till I can manage to get it back in 
the idol*s head alongside of the other one. 
Now, if you would give me a lift, sir, I*d 
make it worth your while.** 

I glanced at the relic on the mantel and 
beheld an utterly new phase of the situa- 
tion. The light which had emanated from 
the Eye of Ganesha was diffused through 
a space now occupied by the most astonish- 
ing figure I had ever seen. It was the 
wraith of a huge form, squatting with diffi- 
culty within the narrow limits of my room, 
a great fat idol with three pairs of hands 
and as many feet, a pale diaphanous pres- 
ence in whose head the stone eye was set 



alongside of another eye of which we 
seemed to see only a suggestion. The bril- 
liant drapery of the idol .was enriched with 
gems of great beauty and its broad, naked 
breast was glittering with similar orna- 
ments. 

"That*s His Nibs !** whispered my sailor 
friend. "Ain*t he a dandy?** 

The poor fellow was trembling like a 
leaf. 

"What does he want?** I demanded for- 
cibly, for I felt that I must assert every 
atom of will I could summon. The elec- 
tro-magnetic current was very strong. 

"He wants his eye sent back to Futta- 
pore. The consul knows all about it. If 
you*d just send it to him, it would be all 
right. I was going to write to him from 
*Prisco, but I had too much bo^e and f 
shipped on a coast steamer one day by 
mistake. I dassn*t say a word now or 
they'd jug me.** 

I looked at the idol, on whose misty 
coimtenance there was an expression of 
anxiety. In the midst of that wraith of a 
face, the great stone eye glowed with pe- 
culiar brilliancy. 

"May I ask,** I proceeded with great 
respect, "whether it would be entirely sat- 
isfactory to Ganesha if I should forward 
his eye as this person suggests?** 

The idol nodded. 

"Go on,** urged my astral friend. "He 
understands everything, though he don't 
speak anything but Harian.** 

An angry flash of the eyes and a 
sharper pricking of the electric current 
marked the idol*s displeasure at this in- 
terruption. 

"Shut up !** I said sharply, for the gun- 
ner*s mate had let out an unearthly howL 

Doubtless these delays were dangerous 
for the idol, as though he meant to warn 
me of his power, suddenly reached out 
two pairs of hands and boxed me on both 
ears at once. It was a curious thing, but 
I did not feel the contact of the hand;? 
at all only a violent shock of electricity 
almost stunned me for the moment and 
in the first heat of resentment I forgot 
that I was dealing with something super- 
human. Making a single wild dash at the 
idol, I grabbed the stone eye and wrenched 
it forcibly out of its astral socket. For 
a moment I managed to hold it, and then 
my fingers, paralyzed by the electric shock 
I received, loosened their grip. The eye 



THE EYE OF GANESHA. 



loa 



fell crashing upon the hearth and broke 
in a hundred fragments! 

A wild shriek from the sailor^ a shriek 
of terror merging quickly into joy, brought 
me to my senses. 

"YouVe done it ! YouVe done it V he 
shouted. ^Tou^ve knocked him silly \" 

I stared stupidly at the place where the 
idol had suddenly been snuffed out. There 
wasn't a vestige of his appearance, while 
on the hearth where I knelt beside the 
shattered eye lay a diamond of such huge 
dimensions that I could hardly credit its 
reality. The Eye of Ganesha owed its 
radiance to a gem that was worth a mil- 
lion dollars. 

'TTou knocked him silly!'* shrieked my 
astral visitor, who was executing a sail- 
or's hornpipe in a frenzy of delight. "I 
dassn't tdl you and I dassn't touch it my- 
self, because he had me magnetized so I 
couldn't. Lord, sir ! He's quit the galley 
for good. Thafs your diamond! Yes, 
sir! It don't belong to nobody but me, 
and 111 give it to you if you get me out 
of the asylum. Yes, its my diamond, all 
right, beorase that was a Korean idol and 
the Chinese hooked it and the Hindus 
killed the Englishman who brought it to 
Puttapore." 

"It seems to be an evil eye," I observed 
a little dubiously. 



"'Taint an eye any longer," he said 
benevolently, "it's just a diamond and a 
jim-dandy, too!" 

I will not mention the name of my sin- 
gular visitor, a name that is registered 
among the deserters from the United 
States Navy. He left mc with the utmost 
deliberation, in high spirits, and the only 
notable thing about his departure was the 
fact that he walked out without opening 
the door. A few days later I went down to 
Steillacoom and inquired for my friend. 
He was a patient whose case was not 
understood by the physician in charge. He 
was cataleptic and had hallucinations that 
he was being pursued by an invisible 
enemy. 

"Keep mum !" he whispered to me, and 
I did. 

He was released from the asylum "on 
parole," when I signified my willingness 
to make myself responsible for his good 
behavior. The subsequent sale of the Eye 
of Ganesha was discussed for weeks in 
the newspapers. The gem has taken rank 
under that name with the famous dia- 
monds in history. In the division of 
spoils, I think I was quite fair to the gun- 
ner's mate, and I did not forget Bodley 
who has ever since deferred to my judg- 
ment in all of the Smithsonian matters. 





Opposite Lyle, on the ColumbU River, looking toward the Washins^ton shore, 




Near White Salmon, from the Washington side of the Columbia River, showing the famons Hood River 




Taken from Yiento, on the Oregon shore, a few miles above the Cascades. In the heart of the famous 

Wind Xountein appears over the promontory 




ateat ninety niiles from Portland, Oregon. TTp-stream — riyht hand. 



T. Blrdaall. Photo, Portland. Or. 




TallBj, and the town of Hood River, about Mventy miles from Portland. T. Blrdsall. Photo, Portland, Or. 




and wonderful ffor^e of the (Columbia River. Hood River is at the extreme ri^ht, up stream, and 

of the right bank at the extreme left. T. Blrdsall, Photo. Portland. Or. 




I 



PAUL de LONGPRE AND HIS 
BEAUTIFUL HOME 

Somctl n 'ng about the struggles toward success of tbe greatest flower painter in tke 

— nis Lome, and kis love for flowers 



rid 



By Mary H. Coates 



FLOWERS that 
daily bloom in 
happy c m- 
panies to reap- 
pear in splen- 
dor never fading — 
these are the blossoms 
in the home of Paul de 
Longpre, the king of 
flower painters. The 
entire flower realm, 
from wayside wilding 
to fragile hothouse 
beauty, he has made 
his life study. With 
his genius and the 
courage of his convic- 
tions, he started at the 
lowest rung, single of 
purpose, and stub- 
bornly overcoming dif- 
ficulties, climbed until 
he reached the heights 
of his hearths desire — 
that of being the 
greatest flower painter 
in the world. 

The beginning lies 
away in Lyons, France, 
the home of his child- 
hood, for he always 
loved flowers. His 
mother was left a 
widow in straightened 
circumstances, with 
ten children. The 
breadwinners were 
PauFs two older broth- 
ers, who painted fans 
for fashionable shops 
in Paris, When he was 
a child of eight years, 
the family moved to 
Paris, and he was sent 
to school : but on many 
a day he eluded the 
calls of book and in- 




A paintiiw by Paul de LoBfpre. 



108 



THE PACIFIC MONTULY. 




Mme. de Louvre. 

stmctor to hie away to the fields outside 
the city walls to find flowers and feed his 
hope of some time being a flower artist. 

No dreamer was he, but a live boy, wide 
awake to the flrst- beckon of opportunity. 
He made sketches of favorite nooks and 
blossoms. These he showed to his school- 
mates, some of whom were well supplied 



with pocket money, and straightway the 
little pictures and the coin of the realm 
changed owners. When he was twelve, 
the little artist had to give up school life 
to join his brothers in wage-earning for 
the family support. It was really a step 
toward the future he had now marked out 
for himself — that of being the best flower 
painter in the world. 

His talent was evident in his work from 
the start. Yet there were many dis- 
couragements. Orders for fans sometimes 
came in slowly, or not at all, and profits 
were small; but the thought of his life 
plan held him steadfast ; and by the time 
he was eighteen, Paul de Longpre had 
won quite a national reputation as a 
painter of fans. 

He was romantic, too, and was married 
to a charming: young girl when but nine- 
teen. In selecting a home of their own 
he took another stride toward his cher- 
ished standard. He chose a cottage out- 
side the city, and by making fans still do 
service as commercial art, and worMncj 
sixteen hours a day, for six months of the 
year, he managed to spei-d the remaining 
months among flowers, and in painting 
from nature. 

The time of times to aspiring young 
artists came to Paul de Tjongpre when he 
was twenty-one; his first picture was 
hung in the Paris salon. Then came or- 
ders for impori:ant paintings, and for 
years his fiowers hung in the salon by the 




Side view of the de LoBfpre nutniion. 




Frcm a painting by Paul de Lon^rpre. 



no 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Paul de Lonipr*. 

side of portraits, landscapes and historical 
paintings. 

Success is in the silences, though fame 
is in the song, the poets tell us, and in 
the silences the great flower artist treas- 
ures up hard-earned triumphs. Among 
them his coming to America, acting 
against the advice of his friends. He 
reasoned that the painter with world-wide 
aspirations should know both the East and 
the West, and so, with his family, sailed 
across the Atlantic. 

Paul de Longpre arrived in New York 
with $900 (which was all that could be 
rescued of fifteen years* careful savings 
lost in a collapsed bank of Paris), and in 
the silences are recorded his effori;8 to es- 
tablish himself, a fortigner, a flower 



painted among compara- 
tive strangers. After five 
years pf strenuous exer- 
tions instead of succeed- 
ing, his capital had dwin- 
dled by half. Then he 
decided upon a daring 
scheme. Again be went 
against the most vigorous 
advice of all his friends. 
He gave an exhibition of 
his paintings and into it 
went every dollar he pos- 
sessed. 

An exhibition of flower 
paintings, exclusively, 
was new. It was novel, 
and it was an immense 
success. After that his 
flowers were exhibited 
there every winter; also 
in Boston, Chicago and 
Philadelphia, and the 
memorandum of one ex- 
hibition — 25 pictures 
sold, with an average of 
$300 each — shows the 
substantial appreciation. 
After a decade spent in 
the East, the popular ar- 
tist turned toward the 
Pacific Slope, and settled 
in Southern California, 
among the olive and 
orange groves of Holly- 
wood, a select suburb of 
Los Angeles. 
In the land of the 
Fleur-de-lis, Paul de Longpre is closely 
related to the earliest nobility, and is a 
descendant of the great statesman, the 
Marquis de Mesmes. Also he is an Amer- 
ican by all the rights of naturalization, 
and an enthusiastic citizen of this coimtry. 
A gift to President Roosevelt, a picture 
from the artist, now hangs in the White 
House. It is one of his beautiful paint- 
ings of a typically western wild flower. 

Paul de Longpre is a botanist and a 
self-taught artist. He had no instruc- 
tions in painting, or in drawing, and he 
has established a "school" entirely his 
own. He paints in oils or water colors at 
will. His flowers have been adopted by 
the French Government as standard mod- 
els for the state schools of art throughout 
that country on the recommendation of 



PAUL DE LONGPKE AND HIS BEAUTIFUL HOME. 



Ill 



artists of such renown as Bonnat^ Bouge- 
reau and Gerome. He works with infinite 
care. 

Upon the picture which was hung in 
the French section of the International 
Exhibition in 1889, he spent five months, 
sometimes giving an entire day to a single 
leaf of foliage. In fact, overwork has 
brought him five severe illnesses in the 
last twenty years. 

In one respect the famous artist is a 
grand surprise; remembering the theme 
from the beginning, one might expect to 
find a grim face, shaded by beetling brows 
and lines of determination; instead, he is 
success personified — ^a sunny countenance, 
blue eyes, wherein merry twinkles chase 
one another, glad and young of heart, a 
courtly geniality, and a step that is jaunty, 
even boyish with enthusiasm, as he strolls 
among his loved flowers. With the happy 
comradeship of his family, Mr. de Long- 
pre^s days are, as he himself expresses it, 
an artist's ideal realized. 

Mrs. de Longpre is gentle graciousness 
itself, the while clinging lovingly to the 
language of their native land; and of 
flowers among flowers, the sweetest are 
their two daughters, charmingly accom- 



plished Miss de Longpre and tiny Pauline, 
the pet of the family. 

The villa is Moorish-Califomian, and 
its arabesque facades arch over alluring 
interior vistas. Spacious reception hall, 
polished floors, Indian tapestries, carved 
chairs and tables, ancient armor, cabinets 
filled with rare treasures from many lands, 
pianos (the master is both a musician and 
a composer), and the grand stairway leads 
to balconies and outlooks of mountain, 
valley and blue Pacific. Everywhere 
about the house — pictures, pictures, bear- 
ing the talismanic signature of the man 
whose lifework is love of flowers. 

The picture gallery, which the cele- 
brated artist kindly keeps open to all vis- 
itors upon presentation of their visiting 
cards, is on the north from the reception 
hall, and is down three or four steps, which 
permits the right Hght from the broad 
Spanish windows. Efere it is that flowers 
bloom in exquisite and perpetual spring- 
time; simple wild blows, rare orchids, 
water lilies with gauze flies poised above, 
trumpet creepers with humming birds, 
lilacs and butterflies, sunflowers and bees 
that almost hum aloud, baskets of daisies, 
sprays of white fruit bloom dropped poet- 




A Tlew In the rarden. 



112 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



ically on sheet music — ^genius that, white 
over white — and countless other studies; 
the many paintings so artistically ar- 
ranged that not one beauty outshines an- 
other. 

Fortunate, indeed, was the Pacific Slope 
when Paul de Longpre sought the West. 
His home is an enchanting vision that 
fills the most prosaic with pleasure. Its 
atmosphere is refinement, beauty, and 
bird song, and everywhere the evidence of 
the master's artistic temperament. It is 
a paradise on earth — sober, good men have 
said so — 600 of them at one time, Metho- 
dist ministers of the General Conference 
of Los Angeles who visited and reveled in 
its glories, and enthusiastB and tourists by 
tho thonsands have told of it. 

The first glance is an intake of pure dp- 
liciousness- The street lines are ever- 
gTOQTi bodies, with \nnca to the lawns ami 
flnwer beds ; the di\nBion walls an? ^rcfm 
arbors. Tliere are ten eun^mcr l/owors. no 
two alike, and bctw^on blossoms bv tbn 
million, in ma^ns f^f color schemes. Therr 
are .1500 rose bushes, bordors nf ivy, so- 
dnnu lolu'lia; rockerirp of eacti ; eornerj? 
of alvi^pum bunked with Sbasta daisies nnd 
nrowTied with stately Mat ill jo poppies^nll 
white and ^old: ferneries, pot plants and 
fib rubs makinp billows of (-'olor merdu^ in 
the nnrnr^infT sreonRry of the trees on the 
opnosite boundary. 

Thp- de Iionq[)re's lovely home wm 



thrown open to the general public in the 
early season, when the famed artist gave 
an exhibition of paintings lasting three 
weeks. It was an ovation. Ten thousand 
persons, by the most conservative esti- 
mate, accepted the prized invitations ; and 
thirty-five choice paintings were sold 

Paul de Longpre's fame and pictures 
have gone all over the earth; and his 
flowers, birds and bees will live through 
years unknowable after many seemingly 
more substantial honors of trade and glit- 
tering show have passed into oblivion. 

As he walks in his garden — ^in which he 
has collected almost every plant known to 
ibe botanisit. tbrre is an indefinable, mys- 
tic Boinething about bira — communion 
with the soul of flowers, it may be — which 
ea.^ily shows that flowers are as the breath 
of life to him. Has he a favorite, and 
which, where all are belovpd ? The poet- 
heart of John S. McGroaiy tells the se- 
eret. It is the flower : 

*'That cheered bim when Fortune lookaJ 

askance j 
Tn bJB flays of fcloom and trouble 'neath the 

bencliujf skips of France, 
An<i now, witb aLl tbo worltl and its laurels 

at his fopt, 
The lioart of hljn caa not forget bia firat love 

— Marguerite*^' 





OUR VIEW 



g ^LIAMMTLtm i 



.'yjty>fy^^^'^-J.v 




There is no success without sacrifice. 

* * * 

Whenever the world finds a man who is willing to sacrifice enough to attain a 
desired end, the wotld is glad to hestow its rewards upon him. The law of compen- 
sation never fails, and chance has no part in the workings of the universe. 

* ♦ ♦ 

The most powerful nation in the world, when all of its resources are taken into 
consideration, is undouhtedly England. The richest nation in the world is the 
United States. The most determined and progressive people — shall we not say the 
most enlightened — are the English-speaking nations. It should be a source of pride 
and gratification to every son of England and America that these two great nations 
• are united by the strongest bonds of blood, language and ideals. 

* * ♦ 

The revolting spectacle of legalized murder is now under way in the Orient in 
earnest, and we read daily Tepori:8 of the number of dead and wounded. Two thou- 
sand Eussians killed and there is great joy in Japan. A Eussian warship sinks a 
Japanese transport crowded with soldiers, and it is considered a great triumph. The 
brightest young men, the flower of both Eussia and Japan, are being sacrified at the 
altar of barbarism. A wild career of butchery is on, and the best butchers will win. 
Human beings are the targets. The barbarity of it all is revolting and nauseating. 

* ♦ ♦ 

It has been demonstrated beyond doubt that even a machine needs rest. There 
seems to be a law requiring one day out of every seven to be set aside for rest and 
recuperation. We may violate this law, but the price will be paid for it. So this 
talk about vacation being unnecessary is the sheerest nonsense. Vacation is not only 
necessary but vital in these strenuous times. The American nation is a nation of 
worriers because of the great things that are being done. We are living and working 
at high tension, and, if breakdown is not to result, a period of rest is absolutely 

essential. 

* ♦ * 

Every man has to work according to the stuff that is in him. Each one has 
to meet his own peculiar problems. There is no infallible rule for action excepting 
as a choice between right and wTong. Each decision, nevertheless, is toward a 
definite course of action, whether intentional or unintentional, and stamps the 
character of the man — one who will go up or one who will go down. But you 
can't expect to get out of a man more than is in him. A yard of cloth is a yard of 
cloth and no more. We might think and plan and devise for all eternity, but wg( 
couldn't make a yard and a quari:er out of it. So we all have our limitations. Yet 
we will make progress in this worid and be satisfied with the brightness of life and 
our lot if we are honest; if we strive for the light of God's clear, unmistakable 
truth; if we stand for the best we know, and try always to know more, conscien- 
tiously and sincerely; if we hate shams and snobbery; if we have faith in ourselves 
and in the worid. 



A world-'wi<]e survey of important events in all Jepartmentfl of buman activity 

1 1 \jj The civil war in Colorado may, perhaps, be jiLstly termed the event 

C\ A^^ "* during the past month that seems likely to have a more far-reach- 
Vioiorado ^^^ influence upon the welfare of humanity than any other one 

thing. While the war in the Orient has continued to attract world-wide attention, 
and AmericofH politics have assumed a greater interest owing to the meeting of the 
national conventions, the case in Colorado bears particularly upon the greatest 
economic question of the day, and will tend to hasten the ultimate relation between 
capital and labor. A dispassionate view of the disgraceful scenes in Colorado lays 
the blame primarily at the doors of those who, by hook or crook, nullified the will 
of the people of Colorado for an eight-hour day. Labor advances this argument 
and it is unanswerable. If the politicians and weak-kneed legislators are responsible 
for the failure to carry out the law, upon their heads lies the blame for the subse- 
quent rioting and bloodshed. At the same time, however, there is no justification 
for the cowardly, dastardly work of the union miners in blowing up the train carry- 
ing nonunion men. The principle laid down by the union, that if a union man does 
not desire to work no one else shall be allowed to do so, is abhorrent to all sense of 
right and justice, and the American people are united against the "closed shop." 
If this be the slogan of unionism, then unionism is doomed. A resort to violence is 
a mistake, and whether the unions sanction the action of the Colorado miners or not, 
or disclaim all responsibility for it, as they do, unionism will be blamed for the 
acts of violence in Colorado. 



In General — 

The steamboat General Sloeum left her 
pier in the morning June 15, carrying 
unquestionably 2,500 excursionists for a 
day^s outing on an island in Long Island 
Sound. The excursion was largely of 
women and children, being of St. Mark's 
parish. Fire broke out in a pot of boiling 
fat, and the boat burned completely in an 
incredibly short time. It is known that 
905 perished, all but 40 of the number 
being drowned. June 28 the inquiry to 
fix blame for this most appalling disaster 
was completed. A verdict was rendered 
in which the directors of the Knicker- 
bocker Steamboat Company, Captain 
Vanschaick, of the Sloeum, Captain 
Pease of the commodore's fleet, and others 
were held criminally responsible. The 
charge in each case is manslaughter in the 
first degree. This was probably the most 



horrible disaster which ever happened in 
American waters. It reveals a condition 
of things relating to steamboat inspection 
which is unbearable. 



Tliere is a steamboat war in progress 
between the big liners that ply on the 
Atlantic, and as a result the steerage 
rates from Europe have been reduced 
from $15.00 to $9.50. A lower grade of 
immigrants, owing to the lessened cost of 
passage, has been coming in, and 240 out 
of 3000 that landed during a week in 
June were deported; 30 out of 3000 is 
the normal figure. 

Tke TVar in tke Orient — 

The most important engagement dur- 
ing the past month between the Bussian 
and Japanese forces culminated on June 



THE MONTH. 



115 



15 at Vafangow. The Russians under 
command of General Stakelberg were de- 
feated with a loss of about 2000 men and 
a large number of valuable guns. The 
Japanese report a loss of about 900. They 
were commanded by General Nozu. 

The Vladivostok squadron made a sor- 
tie recently and simk the Japanese trans- 
port Hitachi, ruthlessly slaughtering 
most of the soldiers. Two himdred 
were killed by the bursting of a single 
shell. Two other transports were sunk 
at the same time, but a large part of the 
crew and passengers were saved. 

Lanes are tightening around Port Ar- 
thur and news of important engagements 
there are expected dwly. The rainy sea- 
son is now under way in Asia, during 
which time it is the evident expectation 
of the Russian commanders that Uttle will 
be done towards moving the troops. It 
will perhaps develop that the Japanese 
will not be greatly affected by the condi- 
tion of the ground, and some surprises 
are probably in store. While the Japa- 
nese forces have been xmiformly victorious 
so far during the war, it is yet too early 
to make any intelligent forecast as to the 
final outcome. The most important de- 
velopments that will largely affect the 
ultimate result are the thorough prepar- 
edness of the Japanese army and navy, 
the brilliancy of Japanese commanders, 
the earnestness of the Japanese men at 
arms, and the uncertainty that seems to 
prevail among the Russians at home and 

in the field. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Sixteen hundred miles of the projected 
railroad from Cape Town, Africa, to 
Cairo, Egypt, have been completed, and 
it begins to look as if Cecil Rhodes' dream 
of a **Cape to Cairo'' railway will soon 
be realized. The line will open up a vast 
region of considerable commercial im- 
portance. 



The International Women's Congress 
met in Berlin June 13 to 18. There was 
a large attendance of representative 
women from all parts of the world, and 
over 200 addresses were delivered bearing 
upon subjects in which women are espe- 
cially interested. "The Americans pres- 
ent were impressed with the great defer- 
ence shown the United States as the lead- 
ing country in the world in the women's 

movement." 

• ♦ ♦ 

"Le Jongleur de Notre Dame" is the 
title of a new opera by Massenet, which 
has recently been produced in Paris and 
favorably received. The Illustration says : 
"There are beauties of the first order in 
^IjC Jongleur de Notre Dame,' especially 
in the second act, and it is unnecessary to 
say that the frame of the music is mag- 
nificent and in perfect artistic harmony. 
The book by M. Lena is very simple, its 
chief merit being that it furnishes ex- 
cellent musical situations. A remarkable 
feature of the piece is that there is na 
feminine role." 

In Politics — 

The Republican National Convention 
met in Chicago June 21, 22 and 23. The 
only uncertainty that faced the conven- 
tion was the man who should be selected 
as a candidate for the Vice-Presidency. 
It was, of course, a foregone conclusion 
that Roosevelt would be unanimously 
nominated for the Presidency and that the 
platform would say what it said. Chas. 
W. Fairbanks, of Indiana, was nominated 
for Vice-President. It was imdoubtedly 
the least enthusiastic gathering of its kind 
ever held by one of our great parties. 
And what served to lessen public interest 
in the convention was the Imowledge that 
the result in November will depend less 
upon what was done at Chicago than upon 
what will be done at St. Louis. 



The Perdicaris incident has been tem- 
porarily closed by the release of Perdi- 
caris, brought about largely, it seems, 
through the efforts of France. The brig- 
and, Raisuli, secured the ransom de- 
manded besides a good many other things 
that he happened to think of. Morocco 
is evidently in a sad plight. 



Three changes took place in President 
Roosevelt's cabinet on July 1. William 
H. Moody, formerly Secretary of the 
Navy, became Attorney-General; Paul 
Morton, of Chicago, became Secretary of 
the Navy; and Victor H. Metcalf, for- 
merly congressman from California, be- 
came Secretary of the Department of 
Commerce and Labor, succeeding Mr. 



116 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



Coftelyou, who resigned to manage Presi- 
dent Roosevelt's campaign. Mr. Knox, 
formerly Attorney-General, has been ap- 
pointed senator from Pennsylvania to fill 
the unexpired term of the late Matthew 
S. Quay. 

The appointment of Metcalf and Mor- 
ton is commented upon most favorably by 
the press. Mr. Morton is at present vice- 
president of the Santa Fe system and has 
been a democrat. His father, the late J. 
Sterling Morton, was Secretary of Agri- 
culture in President Cleveland's second 
term. Both men are able and popular. 



The new Canadian tariff program im- 
poses a heavy fine on importations that 
are invoiced below the market value of 
the country in which they are produced. 
The fine is intended as a *4iit'' at the prac- 
tice of American manufacturers who have 
been making "a slaughter market^' of 
Canada. The tariff has met with the en- 
tire approval of the Canadian press, and 
little or no objection from our own, much 
to the surprise of the former. 

* * * 

The result of the Oregon election hold 
on Jime 6 is regarded throughout the 
country as indicative of the general feel- 
ing in the West regarding Republican 
policies. The re-election of Binger Her- 
mann and J. H. Williamson may un- 
doubtedly be taken as an expression of 
approval of the Roosevelt administration, 
but the really important results of tho 
election — ^the majority in favor of local 
option and the direct primary — ^have been 
passed over by the Eastern press. 

In Science — 

A lieutenant in the French navy, M. 
Turc, has invented a boat which he claims 
neither rolls nor pitches. The problem 
has boon "to discover a boat of such a 
kind that the periods of pitching and roll- 
ing: which are proper to the boat and 
which depend on its manner of loading 
and on the form of the keel, shall be lon- 
ger than those of the largest wave it shall 
encounter." The inventor's boat is a pe- 
culiar looking object, built high above 
the water on two floats which allow the 
water to flow between the sides of the 
* boat proper. M. Turc estimates that his 
boat will attain a speed of nineteen knots. 



Professor Winfield Ayres, of the New 
York Post-Graduate Hospital, has an- 
nounced a new cure for Bright's disease. 
A catheter is introduced directly into the 
kidney without making any incision or 
using the knife at all. To do this an in- 
strument known as the cystoscope is in- 
troduced into the bladder, which is then 
lighted up by an electric light attached to 
the instrument, and by this guidance a 
long catheter is inserted. The medicines 
are then forced into the kidneys. In this 
way drugs can be used with safety which 
if injected into the blood would cause 
certain death. The drugs used are those 
in ordinary use among surgeons as anti- 
septics and are in sufficient strength to 
destroy the disease germs. 

* ♦ ♦ 

The medical profession is beginning to 
regard worry as a disease susceptible to 
medical treatment. The symptoms in- 
clude "various degrees of vague dread and 
apprehensiveness, often taking definite 
forms, in which case they are designated 
as ^phobias' or 'obsessions of fear,' weak- 
ening the capacity of attention and mem- 
ory, and tendingto a confusion of ideas. The 
treatment of the patient should be directed 
to improving the circulation, the mus- 
cular feebleness, and the condition of the 
brain and nervous system. Hence tepid 
and cold douches are useful, as are shower 
baths and moderate physical exercise." 

* ♦ ♦ 

Professor Rutherford before the Royal 
Institution in London stated recently that 
in addition to the three kinds of rays 
which radium has been found to give off. 
there is in addition an emanation which 
behaves like a gas and can be condensed 
by cold ; it can be secluded in the radium 
itself, and is liberated when the salt is 
dissolved in water. This emanation, 
though exceedingly minute in quality, 
possesses three-quarters of the character- 
istic powers of radium and all its prop- 
erties. Could we collect a cubic inch of 
the emanation, the tube containing it 
would probably melt, while a few pounds 
would supply enough energy to drive a 
ship across the Atlantic, though each of 
those pounds would require seventy tons 
of radium to supply it. 

* * * 

The telephone industry is now capital- 
ized in the United States at $450,000,000, 



THE MONTH. 



117 



with over 2,000,000 instruments, and 
nearly 5,000,000 miles of wire. There 
are over 4,000 systems, and 64,628 wage- 
earners in the industry, besides 14,124 
salaried officials. During 1902 the reve- 
nue derived from the industry reached 

$86,825,536. 

♦ « « 

Dr. Walther Thorner, of Berlin, has re- 
cently invented an apparatus for pho- 
tographing the background of the eye, 
many fruitless attempts having been made 
heretofore to find a solution. His inven- 
tion is an important one, and is a big 
step forward in the treatment of eye 
diseases. 

In Education — 

The larg^ majority of this yearns grad* 
uates of Yale and Princeton will select 
business pursuits, while those of Harvard 
and Columbia will take up law. Twenty- 
eight from the four universities will go 
into the ministry. The New York Olobe 
says: "Figures such as the above are 
probably the best answer often put as to 
whether formal education fits or unfits 
for a business career.^' 



The closing of public schools, colleges 
and universities for the customary sum- 
mer vacation has, as usual, been made the 
occasion for utterances by men and 
women of high educational rank, which 
have much significance as indicative of 
present educational methods as well as 
future administrative purposes. In the 
natural evolutionary processes it has come 
«bout that a few immense educational in- 
stitutions are, by a sort of tacit consent, 
assigned to the lead, and the rest follow. 
Not that criticism has ceased, and not 
that the views of these leaders are alto- 
gether in sweet accord, but their utter- 
ances are the creeds of the many who fol- 
low their lead, and so, under them, the 
educational promenade goes forward. 

In Art — 

A new society, called the Society of 
American Sculptors, has been organized as 
a revolt against the methods of the Na- 
tional Sculpture Society. The purpose 
of the new organization is "to give an 
exhibition at least once a year which will 
correspond to the Paris Salon. It is 



planned, also, to have a permanent exhi- 
bition of the smaller works of sculptors 
which may find a ready market.'^ 

In Religious Tnought — 

The Oxford press has just issued the 
first complete text, transcription and 
translation of the "Sayings'^ of Jesus dis- 
covered by Professor Hunt at Oxyrhyii- 
chus in November, 1903, and by Pro- 
fessors Grenfell and Hunt at the same 
place in 1897. The ^^Sayings" were writ- 
ten at the end of the second century or 
during the early part of the third. The 
editors consider these fragments ^^one of 
the most important, remarkable and best 
attested of the savings ascribed to our 
Lord outside the New Testament.^^ 
* « * 

Nothing in the realm of religious 
thought is just now attracting so much 
attention as some form of union among 
various Protestant churches. Prom the 
disposition to magnify and to exalt into 
great importance the distinctive features 
of the creeds whereby denominations have 
been established and continued in being, 
there has come in recent years a desire 
to look after the things in which beliefs 
resemble one another. The Armenian and 
the Calvinist in the disrupted Presby- 
terian church are seeking for the one fold. 
When the larger and stronger of the Pres- 
b>i:erian bodies exhibited to the world the 
real courage of its convictions, it broke 
down the barriers which were separative 
between it and the Cumberlands, and 
union became certain in the near future. 
Pvblic Opinion, in its issue of June 23, 
presents a "Svmposium of the opinions of 
religious leaders on the recent tendency 
to reconcile denominational differences.'*' 
A letter was sent out making the follow- 
ing inquiries: "As the fixity of distinct 
convictions among Protestant divisions 
relaxes and the disposition toward some 
sort of unity increases is not the under- 
lying spirit an evidence of religious in- 
difference and unsettled religious convic- 
tions, an evidence of weakness rather than 
strength in that it represents a growing 
indifference to the doctrinal standards 
that have given rise to Protestantism ? Is 
not diversity the genius and glory of 
Protestantism and is not the life of Prot- 
estantism being sacrificed to the new lib- 
eral movement ?'' 



IMPRESSKNS 



lRLESkUSKINE-5C0TT-W0()Dj 



Freed* 



reedom la 



bappinesa. Freedom of body, mind and soul 10 tke natural ri^kt and 
ultimate destiny of every individual 



Bleeding Colorado 

T5LEEDING Colorado is, by force of arms, deporting men from their homes 

"^^ who are themselves guilty of no known crime except belonging to a union, and 

bleeding Kansas is refusing to have these men dumped within her territory. 

The men are in hard luck, for it seeans as if they must get off the earth. 

The condition of armed anarchy, as the newspapers call it, in Colorado, should 

give rise to thought. It will occur elsewhere in time and it indicates that radical 

reform in economical conditons will probably come through forcible collisions 

after all, through the dynamite bomb rather than through preaching. 

The struggle began by an effort on the part of the union to dictate an eight- 
hour labor day. The mineowners claim that the real object of the unions was to 
compel all nonimion men to join the unions. Undoubtedly there is a tyranny of 
unions. Undoubtedly unions are inconsistent with freedom and full individual 
development. Undoubtedly unions are an evil, but undoubtedly that evil was 
forced into existence by a greater evil — the natural union of capital and the abso- 
lutely inhuman tjrranny of capital. 

The one evil came from the other evil upon the principle that self-preservation 
is the first law of nature. 

Every man should be free to work where he pleases and as fast and as long us 
he pleases without dictation from his associates or from men a thousand miles away^ 
whom he has never seen. 

But the freedom of labor vrill not be possible until the vacant earth has been 
made free to those who would use it, the issuance of money has been made free to 
those who are able to issue it, and all monopolies created by law, those robberies of 
the people, are abolished. It is the root which must be struck before the top wiD 
die. Control by law of these monopolies is a delusion and a snare. 

No one can, by any possibility, excuse the murder of nonunion workers by union 
men ; but murder is not done by men except when they are desperate. If we rivet 
our whole attention to the suppression of outrages and do not inquire why out- 
rages occur, we are not making progress. 

History shows that vested rights in property have always been cruel in their 
own defense; honestly cruel. Mr. Baer, of anthracite coal fame, felt honestly indig- 
nant that the troops of the United States were not called out to sweep the striking 
miners off the earth. He believes that he has a vested right in the anthracite coaj 
fields to work them when he pleases and how he pleases or not at all, if he pleases. 
He said on the witness stand the other day that the price of anthracite coal was 
not determined by any question of supply or demand or cost of mining, but the 
price was fixed at what the consumer would bear, "Just as you fix your fees,'* he 
added, to the lawyer who was examining him. The difference between a lawyer 
fixing his fee as high as the traffic will bear and the monopolist of one of the natural 
products of the earth fixing its price at all the traflBc will bear is too obvious to need 
discussion. 

Colorado is, in fact, dominated by the wealthy corporations concerned in Colo- 



IMPRESSIONS. 119 

radons mines. General Bell, who has been the military instrument of Governor 
Peabody during the martial law regime, says, referring to the intended use of the 
militia to control the Denver city election : 

"I am accused of nsing, or attempting to nse, the military in the late campaign. This 
is false, but the corporations used the militia for their purposes, and instead of the militia 
being used to protect the people and uphold the law, that force was actually degraded to 
the uses of the local corporations who connived at the breaking of the law. * • • The 
very men whom we use the militia to protect, imported all-round bad men (the very inen 
I ran out of their camps) to break the law in Denver and carry the election in their 
interest. ' ' 

There is the trouble. 

Corporations have no soiQ; they have no conscience; the manager does for his 
corporation what he would not do for himself personally. You can never tell 
whether a riot has arisen by natural friction or has been actually precipitated by 
the corporation owners in order to secure police protection and to manufacture 
public sentiment. 

Wicked as it is to murder innocent men, yet the forcible wholesale deportation 
of men innocent before the law, without any trial ; their expulsion at the point of the 
bayonet because they belong to a union; the suppression of the press and of the 
civil law by an oligarchy ruling the state by military power are worse, immeasur- 
ably worse. 

It will be found here as ever before that the "upper^' classes and property rights 
are the worse sinners. The crimes ojf the laborer arise from the desperation of a 
struggle for existence. 

Meeting of tke L. A. D. M. N. 

T^HE meeting of the Saphira Chapter of the Ladies' Association for the Dissemi- 
'■' nation of Misinformation about our Neighbors was a great success. The 
reputations of several young girls who had been guilty of youthful follies were 
ruined for life, and the moral scalp of a clergyman was added to the society's 
trophies. A resolution to furnish members with postal cards, with cards for answer 
attached, for convenience in interrogating people all about their private business, 
was voted down, on the ground that such inquiries might be deemed impertinent, 
or, if answered, might compel the society to accept the truth. The subject for 
Tegular debate was, ^'Are Women Brainless Because of Tea and Tattle, or are Tea 
and Tattle Because Women Are Brainlejss ?'* The discussion became quite heated, 
and the subject was somewhat obscured by the personalities indulged in and the 
more or less direct allusions to the shady past of some of the members added in- 
terest to what, taken as a whole, was one of the most successful meetings of the 
chapter. 

Tke Xumer Deportation Caae 

T^HE Supreme Court of the United States has decided that the deportation act is 
-■■ constitutional upon the general theory that no alien has any right to enter 
this country at all and that Congress may prohibit aliens coming to this country 
for any reason whatever; that the spirit of the constitution does not extend to 
aliens, guaranteeing them freedom of speech and of opinion. 

This law will either become a dead letter or we will become a dead nation. 

PoKtics IS a Game 

"P OLITICS is a game. The oflSces are the prizes. There has been a change 
^ in the Portland, Oregon, postmastership. Presumably all of the candidates 
were equally competent, because from first to last not one word was said as to 
their fitness for oflBce, but the sole discussion was, and a very anxious discussion, 
which one can the machine least afford to offend by turning him down? Yoimg 
people should remember that politics is a game. 

The democrats carried in Multnomah Coimty, Oregon, the offices of sheriff 



120 THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 

and district attorney Immediately the republicans set about much needed re- 
form. They have taken away from the sheriff the right of feeding the prisoners 
in the jail, have cut down his deputies, and they announce that at last they intend 
to put through the Legislature an act providing flat salaries for these officials. It 
is curious what a stimulus to right doing it is to have the other fellow reaping the 
benefit. Politics is a game, and the taxpayer is the prize. 



/ivorce 



I 



T is appropriate to the blossom and nesting time of the year that thoughts of 
love and mating should stir the breast, and, if love and mating, why not 
divorce? They are the blossoms. It is the fruit. 

Anti-Divorce Congresses are bursting into bloont all over the land — ^thc 
Mothers' Anti-Divorce Congress in Chicago; the Anti-Divorce League in New 
York ; and the anti-divorce sentiment in the Methodist convention at Los Angeles. 

N'ow, as you can not stop the slow glacial flow by hitting it with an axe, nor 
hasten it by giving it a kick, so the divorce question will evolve its own solution 
regardless of the "antis'^ or of me. 

To have no divorces presupposes infallibility of judgment in every boy and girl, 
man or woman. It presupposes the same likes, dislikes and affinities, character and 
development at forty as at twenty. 

Are human beings infallible in judgment? No! Hence divorce. Is the man 
or woman of forty the same as at twenty ? No ! Hence divorce. 

Is the love of twenty the same as the love of forty? No! Hence divorce. 

There are but few regular divorces among our brothers and sisters of the lower 
animals, because their marriage is merely mating for perpetuation of species. When 
you come to think of it in cold blood, human marriage has that for its foundation 
stone, too. 

It has other elements, also, but I suppose no marriage ever took place which 
was not really a sexual mating. Men do not marry men and women do not marry 
women. It is a great universal law, and not to be blushed at or stammered over 
except by those minds who find themselves ^^purer'^ than the universal God. 

The birds and beasts find their escape from the divorce courts in the fact that 
they were never legally married. But the boy or girl of seventeen and nineteen or 
eighteen or twenty, impelled by this same all-compelling goad, who mate with aB 
little discretion as the robins — they are to be kept together in hell, in bands of legal 
«teel, because it seems to some one that God has belied himself and decreed to be 
lifelong what He has made in most cases impossible of being lifelong. 

It is significant that God, as generally imderstood, is man-created, in that His 
edicts are always those of the hierarchy in power, and as the hierarchy itself de- 
velops so God's edicts change. 

Moses decreed free divorce. He said, "Write any one of your wives a bill of 
divorcement and let her go." If Moses were the mouthpiece of God, this was 
the law of Omniscience ; but Christ said it was only because of the hardness of heart 
of those old polygamists, and as God could not change their hearts, he did the best 
he could. 

Christ said there must bo no rlivoroe except for adultery. Again, if this be 
the word of God that is the end of the discussion, and yet divorce is growing and 
ought to grow until people's own sense of happiness or duty is the sole controlling 
force. 

Many a drunkard, gambler or tyrant of uncontrolled temper makes home more 
a hell and marriasre more a failure than the adulterer. If divorce at all then the 
lo^c of it is divorce in every case where the true foundations for marriage have 
failed. There is a deal of solemn talk by parrots about the home and children. No 
home and no child is bettered by forcing people together who would be apart. In- 
stead of decreasing, divorce will inrrpflse, for it means greater freedom. The only 
law which ought to keep people together is their wish to be together or their own 
free sense of dutv and fitness. 



[READER] 






} 3 iJ 



A revie^w of current bookfl and an opinion of their merits 



The true story of the first explorer of 
the West is now presented to the public 
in "The Journey of Coronado from Mex- 
ico to the Buffalo Plains of Texas, Kansas 
and Nebraska/^ translated from the orig- 
inal journals and edited by George Parker 
Winship. This remarkable history told at 
first hand, which has been pronounced of 
more thrilling interest than any historical 
novel, has just been published by A. S. 
Barnes & Co., in their notable Trail Mak- 
ers series under the consulting editorship 
of Prof. J. B. McMaster. While Coro- 
nado's journey is of general historical in- 
terest, its publication will be peculiarly 
welcome in the West. The East has had 
John Smith and Henry Hudson; the 
South, De Soto ; and now the story of the 
first explorer of the West is brought within 
the reach of general readers. The Coro- 
nado is uniform with A. S. Barnes & Co.'s 
popular edition of the Journals of Lewis 
and Clark. 

« 4e « 

The Yeoman 

Instead of the vigorous character and 
virile virtues one would expect from the 
title, we are treated to the morbid mono- 
mania of one who was "slow brother to 
the ox.^' 

The ingrowing egotism of this char- 
acter is the axis around which the story 
revolvps. 

The author has made the beautiful 
daughter of the Yeoman a plastic creature 
ardently loved by the squire's son. In 
order to avoid the natural denouement 
he is compelled to drown this lover in 
what is the only strong chapter in the 
book. 

The story drags on to a happy ending 
hastened by the death of the Yeoman from 



slow paralysis and the flaccid love of a 
colonial cousin. Dainty bits of descriptive 
writing are interspaced with lengths of 
dreary dialogue. 

(The Yeoman, John Lane, New York.) 



In all the long list of college graduates 
this year, the name which easily attracts 
the greatest attention is that of Helen 
Keller. Miss Keller graduated from Ead- 
cliffe College, Harvard, on June 28, and 
the event was given especial significance. 
Many distinguished people were invited 
to be present, and newspapers and period- 
icals displayed close interest in the sub- 
ject. Miss Keller has already proved her 
ability in one field of life work — ^that of 
literature. Her book on "Optimism" 
showing her wonderful and sunny vein of 
philosophy, as well as attitude toward life, 
published a few months ago by Crowell, is 
now in its tenth thousand. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 
Mr. A. J. Dawson, author of ^^idden 
Manna,'' a romance of Morocco, has just 
received a letter from Mr. Ion Perdicaris, 
who was seized and taken into captivity 
by Raisuli, the Moorish brigand. The let- 
ter was written in the brigand's camp and 
is remarkable for the whole-hearted trib- 
ute it pays to the personal qualities and 
fascinating manner of the bandit. It is 
dated Benaires, Saturday, June 4, and be- 
gins — "What an opportunity for good 
copy you missed by not being with us 
when Varley and I were carried off." His 
publishers must also regret that Mr. Daw- 
son could not have been a witness of the 
kidnapping. "Hidden Manna" reveals 
Dawson's thorough knowledge of and 
sympathy with the Moors. 



122 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



Written for the amateur and expert 
alike, the Fisherman's Handbook, which 
John Lane has just added to his series of 
Country Handbooks, is not so much a book 
of instruction as a discourse concerning 
the various methods of angling and the 
tackle best suited to them, as the author 
has found them in his own experience. 
The methods he sets forth have been 
proved effective time and often. But, as 
he observes, he is not the only successful 
angler. "Different men,'' he writes, "dif- 
ferent methods''; this handbook shows 
how one man '^goes angling." 

In this spirit the author proceeds to 
explain the mysteries of his delightful 
hobby. He discusses the ways of angling 
for salmon, trout, grayling and coarse 
fish with an artificial fly; the tricks of 
spinning for the same with artificial or 
natural baits ; bottom and mid-water fish- 
ing, and angling in salt water. In an ap- 
pendix he gives full descriptions of va- 
rious sort of tackle and suggestions for 
the use and care of them. The book is 
illustrated with many diagrams and from 
photographs taken by the author. 

Speaking of dry fly angling, Mr. Shrub- 
sole says : 

"The great and increasing popularity 
of angling with a dry or floating fly is not 
without good reason. I am not with those 
who advance it as the style of trout fish- 
ing to the neglect of all others — ^notably 
the use of the small or wet fly — but I am 
certainly of the opinion that it ranks first 
among the numerous methods of angling 
for trout; howbeit, the dry fly man, pure 
and simple, is a bigot, whose bigotry 
sends him home often enough with an 
empty basket. If there be a greater mis- 
take than that of the dry fly bigot, it is 
made by him who neglects to avail him- 
self from time to time of the wondrous 
deadly power of a single fly fished dry.'' 
♦ ♦ « 

"William Keith" is to be the next sub- 
ject in a series of appreciations by George 
Wharton James appearing in Impressions 



Quarterly (San Francisco, Paul Elder and 
Company) to be followed by "John Muir," 
that in the June number of the magazine 
being "Ina Coolbrith." Miss Coolbrith 
was an interesting figure in the literary 
affairs of the early days in California — ^a 
friend of Bret Harte, Charles Warren 
Stoddard and Joaquin Miller, and this 
paper of familiar reminiscence touches on 
some friendly gossip not generally known. 
Another serial in "Impressions" is by 
Adeline Knapp, "Nature and the Human 
Spirit," of which two papers have thus far 
appeared, "The Return to Nature" and 
"Nature's Place in Culture." 



Word comes from London that Mr. 
Thomas Hardy has entirely given up writ- 
ing fiction. He is devoting himself to the 
second part of his drama, "The Dynasts," 
of which the first part was recently pub- 
lished by The Macmillan Company. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

How far is the servant problem in 
America really the problem of the Amer- 
ican mistress? That is, how far is the 
prevailing diflBculty about servants merely 
an indication that many American women 
do not understand how to manage domes- 
tics? The experiences of "The Singular 
Miss Smith" answer this question amus- 
ingly ; and Mrs. Kingsley's breezy novel is 
spoken of by serious reviewers as an in- 
valuable aid to the young housekeeper. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

Though the action of Mr. Churchill's 
new novel, '^The Crossing," takes place 
in the Great Wilderness, and the tale is 
full of the woods atmosphere, three charm- 
ing women grace its pages. First there is 
Polly Ann, a glorious specimen of pioneer 
yoimg womanhood; then Antoinette, who 
captivates the dashing young dare-devel 
Nick Temple; and then Helene, "who 
might have governed a province and still 
have been a woman," splendid in her 
power, yet always womanly. 




Bakery Bread — 

"Why anybody ever buys bakery bread 
at all is perhaps something of a mystery, 
but some people occasionally do it. Of 
course, if you are a single man and live at 
a boarding house where they don't know 
how to cook, you have to eat bakery bread 
or eat no bread at all (the latter course is 
the safer); but if you are married, and 
your marriage isn't a failure, your wife 
mukes bread instead of buying it. She 
makes good bread, too, — bread that can 
easily be distinguished from a white oak 
block or a mineral specimen. But there 
comes a time when your wife goes to visit 
her mother for a week, a month, or an 
indefinite period, according to the state of 
the home atmosphere at the time, and you 
are left to struggle alone with the prob* 
lem of housekeeping. You find it more 
of a struggle than you had thought it was 
from seeing your wife engaged in it. You 
had thought at first that you would much 
rather your wife would go to visit her 
mother than that her mother should visit 
at your home; but after she has been away 
a day or two, you are not so sure about 
it. Of course, for a short time you do very 
well, for your wife has left a goodly sup- 

?ly of food, including some homemade 
read; but after you have disposed of that, 
the real trouble begins. You go to a bak- 
ery and buy something that is called 
bread, and as you have no time to get it 
analyzed, you have to let it go at that. 

Now, there are two kinds of this so- 
called bread — the airy, and the indestruct- 
ible. If you happen to get the former, it 
is a comparatively easy task to prepare it 
for the table. It consists mostly of air 
cells, large and sm^all, surrounded by a 
sort of membrane, the whole enclosed in 
a thin but tough, leathery substance made 
by a secret process known only to the 



baker. After removing the shell, the in^ 
ner portion may be rolled into a ball about 
the size of a small lemon and eaten in any 
manner desired. Six loaves will m^ke a 
meal for one person — if he has plenty of 
other food. 

The indestructible variety is more dif- 
ficult to manage. It is covered by a bark 
somewhat resembling that of a hickory 
tree, and as it contains no sap, the bark 
is as difficult to remove as hemlock bark 
at certain periods. It may, however, be 
chopped off with a sharp ax. The loaf 
should then be put into a kettle and boiled 
for forty-eight hours, after which it may 
be cut into small pieces and fed to the 
chickens. The bark may be used for fuel 
or sold to a tannery. 

This information is for the use of un- 
fortunate men who may be left to keep 
house alone and who are unable to make 
bread. 

— Charles Bumside. 

At tlie Weiiing — 

"Oh, we're the first ones at the church !'* 
"Good. We can see every one who comes 

in. Let's sit here at the back." 

"No, let's sit near the front. We can 

see the bride better." 
"But we can't see the others so well." 
"Very well. My, they haven't decorated 

the church very nice, have they?" 

"No, it evidently wasn't fixed by a 

fiorist." 

"Looks as though they got the fiowers 

in their own yard." 
"Te-he-he!" 

"Who are those people just coming in?" 
"I don't know, but they don't look very 

stylish." 
"Is Grace to receive many presents ?" 
"I haven't heard of anything elaborate. 

Oh, here they come!" 



124 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



"Goodness, who is that at the organ? 
The playing is awful!" 

"There's the bride and groom. Doesn't 
she look like a stick?" 

"Yes, and isn't he nervous?" 

"Poor fellow!" 

"He looks as though he'd like to run 
away and escape before it's too late." 

"I feel sorry for him." 

"So do I." 

"How did she land him?" 

"It's leap year, you know." 

"Te-he-he!" 

"Do you really think she proposed to 
him?" 

"I wouldn't be surprised." 

^^ou used to be very chummy with 

"Me ? Why, the idea ! I never did like 
her. See how her dress fits!" 

"It hangs on her as though she made 
it at home instead of going to a dress- 
maker." 

"And her veil!" 

"A perfect fright ! And her bouquet !" 

"Resembles a bunch of cabbages." 

"She looks as if she feared he would 
say 'no' at the critical moment." 

"What if he would!" 

"Wouldn't that be deUcious?" 

"U-um." 

"It seems just as if she was dragging 
him to the altar." 

"Hear how loud she says 'yes*!" 

"And I can't hear him answer at all." 

"Guess he feels ashamed." 

"Isn't his face red?" 

"There's the ring, now !" 

"See how she holds out her finger for 
it!" 

"Well, she's got him at last." 

"Hasn't it been a dowdy wedding?" 

"Just awful!" 

"Not a bit of fashion to it." 

"Well, now it's over let's go over and 
congratulate the couple." 

"Let's." 

The Reason A^Hiy — 

Jinks : "I wonder how Jones can afford 
to get married and divorced so often." 

Binks : "That's easy. Jones is getting 
rich writing "The Reflections of a Bach- 
elor." 

« « 4e 

Fast colour — a blue streak. 



Xkc Gentle Sex — 

A woman is glad that she is not a man : 

When she sees her husband trying to 
shave with a dull razor in three minutes. 

When she sees the latest styles in 
millinery. 

When some one has to hunt for the 
supposed burglar. 

When the bills come in for the summer 
vacation. 

When political questions are being 
discussed. 

When her husband goes to work on a 
stormy day. 

When lodge matters must be attended 
to. 

When some one near her is smoking a 
poor cigar. 

When she attends a meeting of the 
sewing circle. 

When the picnic lunch must be carried 

When she can wear a diaphanous waist 
on a sweltering day. 

Married tkc V^askcr-V^oman — 

Some peoples lif auf die income dey haf — 
Oders lif py die sweat of der brow; 

But mein way of lifing suits me der best — 
I lif py die sweat of mein frau. 

^^Not AvailaUe^— 

The following verse was received in re- 
ply to some returned MSS., with the sug- 
gestion that the author try some lighter 
theme : 

So I must choose some "lighter theme," 
Must squelch each wise or lofty dream. 
Must don the tinsel and the bells, 
Or else forego the "stuff" that "sells?" 

Must write the squibs that make one smile 
And serve the moment to beguile. 
Must tickle with stubborn quill, 
Or "go 'way back" and sit right still?" 

But what, good sir, if active mind 
Malicious bent, is still inclined 
To statelier style and nobler things 
Than pen of "note and comment" slings? 

I know the answer. Don't exclaim 
If 'tis a fault, not yours the blame. 
The "reading public" of the day 
Dictates the requisites that "pay." 

Forced by the spirit of the age 

I lay aside the pen and page 

Nor count again the worn reply, 

"Not wanted, but we won't tell why!" 




ROGRESS 



.X, 



^% 



■^ 



Devoted to tke energy, entkiisiasm, groivtii, progress and 
development of tke great Nortliwest 

Prosperity! 

What a hearty, happy ring the magic word has! What a picture it presents 
of teeming fields, and granaries filled to the bursting; of deep mines, where every 
blow of the pick brings forth copper or iron or silver or gold; of the lumber woods, 
and the stately monarch of the forest crashing to earth under the blows of the 
woodman's axe; of laboring locomotives, and white-winged ships, bearing to the 
marts of commerce the products of field and forest and mine; of expanding towns 
and cities, alive with human activity in shops and factory, office and countinghouse ! 
Work for everyone, and the maximum return for toil, that is what brings 
prosperity. Peace, contentment, the joy of living; these are a few of its results. 
The Pacific Coast is enjoying such prosperity as can be found in no other locality 
in the United States, Nor is it the result of any abnormal circumstance, but 
the rational outgrowth of natural conditions. Nowhere can be found such nat- 
ural resources — such fertile soil, such mineral deposits, such gigantic forests, 
such fisheries, such waterways, such a climate. 

These things are the materials of prosperity. All that is needed is men and 
women to avail themselves of these unapproachable advantages. And they are 
coming. In tens and hundreds and thousands they are following the course of 
Empire to dwell in this land of plenty. There is room for all, and for millions 
more, for the productivity of this marvelous land has been hardly guessed. 

Here is the promised land — prosperity's headquarters. Gird yourself, rise, and 
come to enjoy its blessings. 




Portland's new flreboat, the "Oeozve H. Williami," built by the "Willamette Iron and Steel Works." 



PROGEESS. 



127 



AArncat From ttc Inland Empire — 

According to the figures published in the 
Seattle Post-Intelligencer, there have been 
shipped during the last few months from 
the Inland Empire — the wheat belt of 
Eastern Oregon, Eastern Washington and 
Northern Idaho — 35,000,000 bushels of 
wheat, while many millions of bushels 
are still held for higher prices. The aver- 
age price paid has been 65 cents a bushel, 
which is considered an excellent price, 
being nearly double that commanded a 
few years ago. 

Over $20,000,000 have been paid to the 
farmers of this section during the past 
season for wheat, and unexampled pros- 
perity is the result. 

The process of mortgage-paying has 
been going on for some years and the 
farmers are now out of debt. The pros- 
pects for another year are very encour- 
aging, and the people of the Inland Em- 
pire nave every cause to be satisfied with 
that section of the earth's surface that it 
is their lot to inhabit. 

Idalio'5 Welfiirc— 

In speaking of the prosperity of Idaho, 
Governor Morrison said, in a recent in- 
terview: 

"There is a great immigration into the 
state, all portions being favored with this 
influx. In my visit to Kootenai county 
I was astonished at the great growth. 
The lumber there is increasing with leaps 
and bounds. Many new settlers are mak- 
ing their homes there and the same is 
true of Latah, Nez Perce, Idaho, and the 
southern part of Shoshone county. 

"Immense irrigation schemes in the 
southern part of the state are doing much 
for its progress. The Twin Falls Irriga- 
tion Company, which takes water from 
the Snake River, will reclaim 244,000 
acres in Cassia and Lincoln coimties. It 
is sagebrush land, which heretofore has 
been nnproductive on account of the lack 
of water. The main canal will flow an 
immense body of water. With the main 
canals and laterals there will be over 300 
miles of ditches. Its construction will en- 
tail an expenditure of $1,500,000. The 
land is mostly on the north side of the 
river. 

'The American Falls canal project will 
reclaim 30,000 acres of fertile lands in 
Bingham and Blaine coimties. 



"The mining industry in the southern 
part of the state is in a healthy condi- 
tion. Capital is becoming more inter- 
ested in Thunder Mountain as the won- 
derful possibilities of the district are real- 
ized and the district is rapidly coming to 
the fore.'^ 

Tkc Lumber Tra<le — 

The Pacific Lumber Trade Journal 
offers this retrospect on the business of the 
past year: 

"At no time during the past year has 
there been any cause to suspect a retrench- 
ment in the demand from the East, Cali- 
fornia or foreign ports. As a matter of 
fact, when the statistics for this year are 
published it will be seen that the demand 
for our lumber products this year has 
shown a greater increase than during the 
year 1902. The total Eastern shipments 
will show that there will be an increase of 
probably not less than 10,000 car loads 
over 1902, of which the proportions will 
be about 6,000 car loads for lumber and 
about 4,000 car loads for shingles. This 
in spite of the greatest car shortage in the 
history of the trade. The California de- 
mand will show up fully as good as the 
year before, while the foreign cargo sliip- 
ments will exceed those of 1902 by at least 
25 per cent/' 

Arid LanJ Survey—" 

The report of John T. Whistler, engi- 
neer in charge of irrigation surveys and 
examinations in Oregon, contains much 
that is of interest. A one-sided develop- 
ment of the state is not to be desired. The 
agricultural resources of Eastern and 
Southeastern Oregon are relatively un- 
toudied though returns from endeavor in 
some sections have added largely to the 
aggregate wealth of the state in recent 
years. 

The obje»:!t of what is known as the arid 
land survey is well known. As a proposi- 
tion which fcieeks to store and distribute the 
waters of certain sections so that instead 
of running to waste they will insure boun- 
tiful crops to the farmer over wide areas 
that are now unproductive, irrigation is 
attracting the careful attention of broad- 
minded men. It has, moreover, enlisted 
the attention of the Government as a sci- 
entific proposition, and one that can be 
worked out satisfactorily only by engineer- 



128 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



ing skill and systematic methods. The 
entire scheme commends itself to all pro- 
gressive citizens, as it does to their repre- 
sentatives in Congress, for its breadth, 
utility and great promise of development. 

Tke Tonnage of Pugct Sound Ports — 

The tonnage clearing from Puget 
Sound during the eight months was 967,- 
137, of which amount 238,467 was sail. 
But one port in the United States, and 
that the port of New York, exceeded Puget 
Sound in the aggregate amount of its sail 
tonnage for the eight months, and New 
York led this port by but 27,000 tons. In 
the amount of American sail tonnage en- 
gaged in its foreign trade, Puget Sound 
was easily the first ocean port in the coun- 
try, the American tonnage from this port 
being nearly twice as great as that which 
cleared from New York during the same 
period. In American steam tonnage. New 
York was again the only ocean port in the 
United States which exceeded Puget 
Sound. Puget Sound continues thus to 
hold its record as the American port which 
carries the highest percentage of its ocean- 
borne commerce in American ships. Near- 
ly one-third of the sail tonnage from this 
port was American, and more than two- 
thirds of our steam tonnage was Ameri- 
can. 

Compared with other Pacific Coast 
ports, Puget Sound has a long lead in 
volume of tonnage, both of sail and steam. 
The total tonnage clearing from San 
Francisco was 624,363, and from Willam- 
ette 139,218. From Willamette all but 
6,000 tons was under foreign flags. 

The exports of Puget Sound for the 
eight months exceeded those of San Fran- 
cisco by upwards of a million dollars, and 
were two and one-half times as great as 
those of Willamette. 

In exports of flour, Puget Sound was 
the fourth port of the country, and in ex- 
ports of wheat was the sixth. She export- 
ed flour to the value of $3,908,525 during 
eight months, as compared with exports of 
$10,814,854 from the port of New York, 
which has a long lead over all other ports 
of the country in its flour exports. The 
exports of flour were more than $800,000 
greater than those from San Francisco, 
and considerably more than double those 
from Portland. 



Forest Fires — 

Every summer and autunm large areas 
of public and private forests are devas- 
tated by fire. This destruction is a uni- 
versal injury. It not only destroys a 
valuable asset in the list of the country^s 
resources, but is productive of floods. The 
forest is the most effective means of pre- 
venting floods and producing a more reg- 
ular flow of water for irrigation and other 
useful purposes. To prevent the mis- 
chievous forest fires Congress has enacted 
a law which forbids setting fire to the 
woods, and forbids leaving fires (camp 
fires and others) without first extinguish- 
ing the same. The law provides a maxi- 
mum fine of $5,000, or imprisonment for 
two years, or both, if the fire is set ma- 
licioiisly, and a fine of $1,000, or impris- 
onment for one year, if the fire is due to 
carelessness. It also provides that the 
money from these fines goes to the school 
funds of the county in which the offense 
is committed. 

Commissioner W. A. Richards, of the 
General Land OflQce, has issued circulars, 
warning the public against carelessness, 
inasmuch as many fires start from 
neglected camp fires, and makes the fol- 
lowing requests: 

1. Do not build a larger fire than you 
need. 

2. Do not build your fires in dense 
masses of pine leaves, duff and other com- 
bustible material, where the fire is sure 
to spread. 

3. Do not build your fire against large 
logs, especially rotten logs, where it re- 
quires much more work and time to put 
the fire out than you are willing to ex- 
pend, and where you are rarely quite cer- 
tain that the fire is really and completely 
extinguished. 

4. In windy weather and in dangerous 
places dig a fire hole and clear off a place 
to secure your fire. You will save wood 
and trouble. 

5. Every camp fire should be completely 
put out before leaving the camp. 

6. Do not build fires to clear off land 
and for other similar purposes without 
informing the nearest ranger or the super- 
visor, so that he may assist you. 

As hunters, fishers and campers will 
soon haunt the woods and streams, it is 
hoped that newspapers everywhere will 
circulate this warning and information. 



DEIFT. 




Drift 





A SOrCNTIPIG DIAQNOSIS. 

**What is your diagnosis f asks the older 
phyaieian of bis young confrere, who is ear- 
nest but inexperienced, and who has been 
called in consultation. 

**Well," says the younger medico, ** there 
doesn't seem to be much the matter. The pa- 
tient has a slight fever and some little tight- 
ness of the chest. 1 should say there was 
nothing more than a cold bothering him.'' 

**My boy," said the older man kindly, 
**you have gone about it wrong. Note these 
symptoms: A white marble stairway in the 
entrance hall, gold furniture in the parlor, 
cut glass and silver galore in the aining- 
room, two automobiles in the side yard, a 
solid mahoganv " 

"But what has that to do with the sick- 
ness of Mr. Gumpursef" 

"It has lots to do with it. The man has 
congestion of the bank account, and the 
proper move for us to make is to relievo 
that as much as possible."— Judge. 
» • • 

Some fools and their money are parted only 
by death. 

• • • 

WHAT IS IT? 

**It is all well enough," said Uncle Joseph, 
as he put down the book, ' * but it isn 't true. ' ' 

"Why not!" I asked. 

"Because the author makes him propose to 
the heroine in a crowded theater. Now, a 
woman doesn't want to be proposed to in such 
a place. She wants a quiet spot, where she 
can weep a little. Story-writers should take 
this into consideration." 

"Pshaw!" said I. 

"When a woman accepts a man for good 
and all, she likes to put her head on his shoul- 
ders and cry, ' ' said Uncle Joseph. " I do not 
know why it is, but they all do it." 

"Do they!" 

"Didn't your wife when she accepted 
youf" he demanded. 

"Well, yes, I believe she did." 

"They all do," said Uncle Joseph. "They 
like it; it somehow comforts 'em." 

"But why!" said T. 

"Ask the women," said Uncle Joseph. — 
February Woman's Home Companion. 

• • • 

SIDE UGHT IN HISTORY* 

Newton, ever a lazy chap, was lying asleep 
under a tree. His mother sauntered into the 
orchard and discovered him there. Awaken- 
ing him forcibly, she said: "Ike, why don't 



OUR- 5BST 
" BRAND 



1 




4^NStoclc 

PERrECTION In| 
CAMTlEp OOODSj 

Pea,s,Corn.fruits 
Tomatoes. 5eans. 
VejetaLbles.Calsupi 
Salmon,01iveOil.: 
5Yrup5, Clams, 
0Y5ter5.5hrlmp. 
Lobster^ 




Preferred Stock 



P ortland .Oreg on; 




THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



you get a job or discover gravity or some- 
thing like that!" 

"Mother," said the soon-to-be-great man^ 

' * if gravity wants me, it knows where I am. ' ' 

' » * * 

Job was waiting patiently for the doctor. 
At last he came. 

* * Doc, ' ' said Job, * ' can you tell me the dif- 
ference between me and David?" 

* * I 'm up against it, ' ' said the doctor. ' ' Tell 
it." 

"Well," said Job, "David is a manly boy 
and I am a "boily man. ' ' 

This was only another of Job's humors.— 
Chicago Journal. 

» » • 

REVERSING THE CASE 

An Irishman was called upon to give evi- 
dence in a shooting affray. 

"Did you see that shot llredf" asked the 
magistrate. 

"No, sor; but I heard it," replied the 
witness. 

"That is not satisfactory. Step down." 

As the Irishman turned to go he laughed, 
and was rebuked by the magistrate, who told 
him it was contempt of court. 

"Did yez see me laugh f" 

"No; but I heard you." 

"That is not satisfactory." 

And then the court laughed.— Green Bag. 
» » » 

Wise Brothefs, Dentists* 
Failin|r Building, Third and Washington Sts. 
Portlandt Oregon. 



THIS 



In Walnut Pinish, $1 .00 Post Paid 




JUST THE THING 
rOR A BEDROOM 

THESE ARE IM- 
PORTED DIRECT 
PROM GERMANY 



Keep Your 
Jewehry Clean 

Get one of our Pat- 
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Boxes. Clean your 
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25cts post paid 



lAirr^vn rdo^ jewelers and 

290 MorriMNi SL, near nftli, Porttand. Ore. 



TREAT FOR THE TRAVELER 



THE best medical authorities are unanimous in recom- 
mending horseback riding for nervous, lung and 
kindred complaints. Particularly is this mode of exercise 
beneficial on this West coast, where the patient can enjoy 
the pure open air, inhale nature's ozone and the resinous 
fragrance of pine, fir, cedar and hemlock. :::::: 



Saddi^K Horsbs and Carriagbs 
HoRSBS Bought and Sold : 



PORTLAND RJDING CLUB w.°.«°»^'T- 

394 Eleventh St., Portland, Ore. 




Gold Fillings : $)«00 { Gold Crowns t $4.00 

Silver Fillings : s *50 I FtsUSetof Teeth, 5.00 

These are new prices for first class work. 

I grive my personal attention to patrons and DO ab- 
solutely guarantee all my work for tbn years. 
I have the latest appliances known to dentistry. 
OPPiCB HOURS : 8 to 5. Sunday, 10 to 12. 

W. T. SLATTEN, Dentist, ^^Zlk^T """oH'SooJi 





DBIFT. 



A GREAT SCHEME 

A glad smile broke into a long, low chuckle 
of delight that made the clubman in the next 
chair rouse for a moment from the labors of 
digestion and exclaim: 

''Struck a good thing, ehf Let's have it." 

**Good thing!" said the happy member. 
^*It'8 simply a Klondike and Golconda rolled 
into one, with an inexhaustible mother lode 
in sight." 

"Oh, I thought it was a joke." 

''Joke nothing! This is as serious to me 
as the sources of my income." 

"You interest me." 

"The Japanese have just made another ad- 
vance in Manchuria." 

"Well, I don't see an3rthing in that to 
chuckle about." 

"You don't, ehf Listen to this." Anl 
he read off an ^cocunt of skirmishes and bat- 
tles full of names that sounded as if the 
make-up man had pied a paragraph and sent 
it to press without correction. 

"I don't see any richness in that," said 
the one who had butted in. 

"You don't, ehf Well, perhaps you will 
get wise when I tell you that my business 
interests lie almost equally in building sleep- 
ing cars and modern flat-houses." 

"I am still dark." 

"Pish, tush, man! Can't you see that this 
new list of outlandish names will enable me 
to christen all the sleeping cars and apart- 
ment houses that I can build in the next two 
years f"— Judge. 



Wrinkles 



REMOVED IN 
TWO WEEKS 



Aza Holmes Ribbecke 



Graduate Dcnnatologisl 

Beftatifler and Bestorer 
of ToathfolneM. 

Parlors, 364 Harrison St. PORTLAND. ORE. 



An Attractive 
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When you want something original and 
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and see the 

LITTLE ART SHOP 

No. 175 Fourth Street 

Y. M. C. A. Bldg., Portland, Or. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



SINGCHONG&CO. 

MANUPACTURBR8 OF 

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MITCHELL & TANNER 

Attorncy^at-Law 
Commercial Block, PORTLAND^ OREGON 



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aOSSET & DEVERS 

PORTLAND^ OREGON. 



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Victoria's elegant Tourist and Commercial Hotel. 
Under new and progressive management and re- 
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C. A. HARRISON, Proprietor 




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THE NEWEST THING OUT \ 




FOR DECORATING THE HOME # 

The most beaatifol and artistic article e«er offered. 
Hold* any pabinet-sl»ed photograph or kodak picture. 
NO PBETTIER WAY ever derised for ehowinc photos. 
Oan be hung on the wall, placed In a comer or on the 
piano. 

Jnst like ont, made of finest mat or poster board, 
in bottle green, ruby red, pearl gray or chocolate 
brown, decorated with ribbon to narmoniae and se> 
corely riveted. Oan be opened and dosed at will. 
Sise, open 22x12 in., closed 8x12 in. BEND 80 0EMT8 
FOB ONE TODAY, stating color. A set of fonr, one 
of each color, postpaid for one dollar. Agents wanted. 

West Coast Supply Co. 



165 Park Street 



Portlandt Oreson 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEBTISING SECTION 



9. 



'f!Sr«S 




TfeadytoSenre" 

CHOCOLATE POWDER 

UAhm PURE COCOA. SUGARanJ CREAM. 

OUAUTY a PURITY UNEXCELLED. 
SOLD BY DRUGGIST S a GROCERS EVERYWHERE. 



a»x«8: 




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It Isn*t a Qu^tion 
Whether to Paper or Not 

ir^ "Wlierecatt I huy thu h^t 'u,.%\\ p.i(Wf for 
\<j\i jj.ti't the bent?TTi; m price's. 

Strowbf idge Paiat & Oil Co. 

12d Grand Avenue ^ 

PORTLAND, ORE. 5 

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HAIR SWITCH 
FREE 



ON EA8V CONDITIONS 

cut tlilj> fc(t mjit iLHd ni»JJ tu ui. nenA * 
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KT : we will tLij^lie at^ri frtni^nim by mAll^ 

tfci4F4bii;EUfln iLaJr.lU oiJTjt'e»,ihortrt*m^ 
VI t ttlM irio]u(t«! Itt pAr^AiT? with ii«ltcb 
irulAclent por^tULft to return EC ttt UBlfMt 
ppri^fUj i>ui>rH<iof7« ijut If r^rund ti«ctl7 

>4i|I|UATK| J'r.i|] wi*1l ti) lL?^p It. «llh*P kt«d 

M *r»l> hf *.yt *lt^l« l« 4ft7« Hr TikK Oft' 
ItKKii KOK A *4VirTM[BA iT tJ.iV Kit a 

aronnie 1 ii>ur f rieTiflrt *ind utnd to u*. *•€- to 
(forul tllc^lHTi^lUhui Utlh<^ntdlr4^tb7 pi^il 
tiilM* paid titT i<t (JajfH iftpr rec*Wed If 
P'^rrcf'tly RAUAf*0ti»nr. *n4 ^mi ru Iha 
b**p iMm «viwk wc HAd ys* 0»* ^f ^«wr 
irvphif^ Till* J'oin- 



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withaDt 
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Phil Kfii.fH) for ofdlHTT* 
A 1ip4-nr4 ro.^ 

p^dnor kip|] 

COiklClf ft fk n rbllrr 

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aptJ eftrnn<rp- 

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l»^»i8«. CHICAGO* 



.rr^; 



If We Can't 
Convince You 

By actual facts that The Pacific Monthly 
offers the advertiser the best proposition , 
of any Western magazine, we don*t want 
your business. 

We Know 
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i We know that The Pacific Monthly is a 
' 'winner** for every advertiser who wishes 
to reach the Pacific Coast. Let us prove 
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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEETISING SECTION. 



L 



The Nature Library 

One Work That Has Special Value 
and interest all the Year Through 



in Summer 

These books interpret 
the beauty and charm 
of the open air. Trips 


''As Necessary 
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In all seasons, in any 
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to the country have 
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Dictionary 
but far 


ten volumes you can 
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American Natural 
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year becomes vaca- 
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our great outdoors, 
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TBN SUPBRB LARGE VOLUMES 

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Vol. 10, Mushrooms 

Ordered by Librarians '^ 
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Approved by Educators 
Required by Everybody 



P.I. 
•,'94 



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As the one great work on American 
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COV/fTRY UFE 
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DOVBLEDAYPAGE'fcCO 

34 VNION SQWJtE * NEW YORK 



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View {rom ^^est Porck, Tke Breakers 

HOTEL BREAKERS 

une Leaamg Summer Hotel m 
the Pacific Nortk^vest 

AMERICAN &* EUROPEAN PLANS 



BREAKERS STATION 
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The WASHINGTON LIFE 

INSURANCE COMPANY i^ y^ 



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1[ The WASHINGTON Twenty Payment Life, Loan and Term 
Extension Policies are unequaled* Gtll at our offices and we will 
prove it to you* 

1[ The best and most successful business men are the best in- 
sured men* No man can afford to be without life insurance* 



For particulars, call or write 

BLAIR T. SCOTT 

GENERAL MANAGER 

609-10-11-12 AND 13 CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 
PORTLAND, OREGON 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




mmm\ 



A region of woodland and water, 2000 feet above sea level 
in northeastern Pennsylvania; one of the most alluring 
resorts for health and pleasure to be found in the east ; dry^ 
cool and invigorating; splendid roads; modern hotels. 
Reached in 3^ hours from New York by fast express trains over 
the Lackawanna Railroad. 

'* Mountain and Lake Resorts, a handsomely illustrated book, 
containing a series of sketches, called "The Experiences of Pa/' will 
give complete information. Sent on receipt of 5 cents in postage 
stamps, addressed to T. W, Lee, General Passenger Agent. Lacka- 
wanna Railroad. New York City. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



MANAGERS WANTED! 



"W" 



The Pacific Monthly wants 
a reliable, energetic man or woman 
in each state in the Union to act 
as manager. 

None but those who can give 
high-class references need apply. 

None but those who are willing 
to work hard need apply. 

For the right man or woman 
the proposition is a very excep- 
tional one. 

Write for full particulars today. 

THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 

Portland, Oregon. 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION 






♦ 



4-LEAF ^^ 
RED CLOVER 



BINDING TWINE 



\ 



Has proven successful and given satis- 
faction under practical tests in the field. 

In purchasing this brand you can re!y 
upon getting an even, full lengthed 
Twine (650 feet to the lb., 5-lb, balis, 
50 lbs. to a sack). 

Detach slip and send for our catalogue 
of Rope and Twine for all purposes* 






♦ 



%- 






X 



Portland 
Cordage Co. 



\, 



\ 



Portland, 
Oregon 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



^^^lEe Illinois Central 



Connects at St. Paul, Omaha and New Orleans 
with all transcontinental lines. Call on or write 
the undersigned before purchasing your ticket to 
St. Louis. We will ticket you via any route you 
may desire, give you the very best service ob- 
tainable and quote you the special rates now in 
effect to Eastern points. 



B. H. TR.UMBUI#I#» Commercial A^«., 14STHir<l St., Portlandt Ore. 
J. C. I^INDSKY* Trav. r. Ob P. A., 14s THird St., Portland* Ore. 
PAUI# B. THOMPSON* r. Ob P. A., Colman Block, SeatUe» IVasH. 




Herri ng- Hall - 
Marvin Safe Cs: 



Manufacturers of the 
Genuine Hall Safe Co/s Sirfes 

and operating the 

LARGEST AND 
BEST EQUIPPED 
SAFE WORKS 
IN THE WORLD 



PORTLAND SAPE CO., Sole Agents 

70 Sixth Street, Portland, Ore. 



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TUE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION 



Hartman, Thompson A Powers 

Surety Bonds 
Real Estate 
and Insurance 



3 CHAMBER OF 
COMMEIICC 



Portland, Oregon 



If. C. GrinroU, PteaUent W. B. Kedcr, ScCy 
J. L. Hartmui, VIce-Prcsideiit 

Security Abstract and 
Trust Co. 

N*t. 214-215 Ch— bcr •? Cowi trM , 
PORTLAND. ORC 

ABSTRACTS, QERTIFIQATES 
OF TITLE, TAX SEARCHES, LOANS 



Music Lovers! ^iTi^^ 



SEND OS 10 cents in silYer or stamps, together with the names 
of H) persons who get mail at /onr postaOloe who are inter- 
ested in moflic. and we will send yon oar handsome magazine 



one year. We reoeive hundreds of new subscriptions daily 
from persons who think onr Magasine a bigger bargain than 
Harper's, Munsey's, Ladies* Home Joomal or McOlnre's. This 
is a special offer for a short time only, so send at once. Onr 
snbsOTiption price may adrance to $1 per year soon. Address 

Byrscs PubHihifiK C:, Dcpt. K. L.. GniMl Rapids, Midi. 




DO YOU SAVE YOUR 
MAGAZINES? 



If to, have them bound mt m 
•mmUcogt. 



=Thc: 



James Printing | 

Company 



PRINTERS 
DOOKBINDCRS 
PAPER RULERS 



-MANXTFACTUIUBRS OF- 



PATENT FLAT OPENING 
BLANK BOOKS 



jl 22 Front Street, Portland, Ore. \i 



944W W^4 WW W 44 



10 A. M. TO 4 p. I 



W. R. INGE DALTON, M. D. 

Obnito-Uiiinaiiv and Skin 

OlSBASKS ONLY 

RMflM 330-331 Lumber Cjcciiai«e, SEATTLE, WASH. 



!• •— »— S»Of •§# t tftffffSI 



WM. M. IrADD 

Presideiit 



J. THomauuf Ross 
Vice-Presideiit sad Msasger 



T. T. BURKHART 

Secretsry 



John K. Kolllock 
Asst. Secretary 



LOANS 
REAL ESTATE 



Safe Deposit 
Vauts 



W€ 

Urscst 



estate Office mmi 

the lariest and most 
complete outfit of 
maps and plats in the 
city. Our real esute 
ownership books and 
records of clidm of 
title are accurate and 
up-to-date. 



ABSTRACTS 
TITLE INSURANCE 



Interest allowed on time deposits 

and certificates issued 

thereon. 



THE TITLE GUARANTEE AND TRUST COMPANY 

6 and 7 Chamber of Commerce, Portland, Oregon 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



Yaquina Bay 

Summer Resort ReacKed Via 

iSouthern Pacific Oompany 

Driving, Boating, Fishing, Hunting. Surf-bathing, may be enjoyed, 
and here is the only place where Rock Oysters are found. 



l_. 1 m 


^ 


''^^ ^^nJWrri-^ 


^. 


n ^^- 


ij^ 


ft 




■J 





DIOOIKO ROCK OYSTERS AT NBWPORT. 



NeMrport, Cape Fotil'weather Li|(l\t Hotise, 
U. S. Life Saving Station, 

are among the many interesting places near this famous resort. Full 
information and our beautifully illustrated catalogue may be secured 
from any Southern Pacific Agent, or address 

VT. £• COMAN* Gen'l Passenger Agent* Portland* Ore. 



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THJS PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




BARNES (SL CO. 

PATENTS 

Write for our book on Patents. 

Mechanical Drawing:. 

StawBoxd B«iil<lin^» Seattle* 'Wmmlk. 

Oregon & Washington Boating Co. 

BARGING. UGmTMNG 
AND raCIGHTING 

Bargea tor Bent. BoatinB of Lumber. Ties and other Wood 
Prodncta. Ship Lightering 

H. F. QEBSPAOH. Mahaokb. 
Office, root of MorrisoM St., Portfand, Ore. 

SALARY LOANS 

Money loaned salaried persons, ladies or gentiemen. 

Learn our Easy-Payment System that 

gets you out of debt. 

NKI^SON Ob HINDI^KY 

308 McKay Building Portland. Oregon 




like this again like this 

He cored hinuelf by uaing the Dr. Magoris Home 
Treatment for piUs, fiouret, Batulat, and all dis- 
eawt of the rectum. Package corts 50c. All 
druggitttiellit. We guarantee cures or refund your 
money. Trial package FREE for the name of one 
other penon who haa piles. Dr. Magoris Home 
Treatment Co., Binghamton, N. Y. 




THE GLORIOUS 

''STARS AND STRIPES" 

We make them to order. Anyaixe. Anvouantitv. 
A large asaortment of FLAGS conatantfy in stock. 

WB ANB MANUrAOTURBNa AND IMPORTBNS OP 

Bags, Twints, Ttntt. Awnlngt and Mining Nott 

BAG PRINTING A SPECIALTY 

Write US for pricea. Mention the Pacific Monthly 

W. C. NOON BAG CO. 

Incorporated 1893 
32-34 First St. 210-216 Couch St. Portland. Ort. 



THE MAGNIFICENT SCENERY 

^S^ OF 

COLUMBIA 
RIVER 

The most beautiful In the world, can best 
be seen from the steamers "DALLES CITY" 
"REGULATOR" and "BAILEY GATZERT" 
of the 

REGULATOR LINE 

DO NOT MISS THIS 



Steamers leave Portland, Alder Street dock, 
7:00 A. M. dally, except Sunday, for 
The Dalles, Cascade Locks, Hood River 
and way landings. 

PHONE 914 

S. Mcdonald, Agtnt, Portland, OrtMn. 
A. W. ZIMMEIIIIAN. Agtnt, The Dalltt. Ortgen. 
N. C. CAMPBELL, Managtr, Portland, Ortgen. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with adrertiaers. It will be appreeiated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



ANDERSON 
6? DUNIWAY 
COMPANY 






Printers and 

l\ Litkograpkers | 

I 

I; 

I PLone Main 17 208 Alder St. 
PORTLAND, ORE. 



'BTe SEASIDE 
Bath House 



Located at the Terminus of the 

Astoria A ColambU River 
R^ailroad 



The only salt water bath house on the North 
Pacific Ocean. It has a large swimming pool 
24 X 70 feet, and 10 feet deep, with a con- 
tinuous flow of ocean water running through 
the pool. Hot tub baths. Neat bathing suits 
to rent for surf bathing. Swimming taught, 
with good attendants for beginners. Open 
the year round, it being the best summer 
resort accessible to Portland. 



£. N. ZELLER, Manager 

Seaside, Oregon 



Joaquin Miller and other Characteristic 
Western Authors and Artists contribute 

to 

SUNSET 

The only magazine that faithfully tells, by pictures and text, 
of the wonders of California, Oregon, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New 
Mexico, Texas and the nation's west- 
em borderland. It is notable for the 
number and artistic merit of its en- 
gravings. The representative busi- 
ness houses advertise in its pages. If 
yon want to learn of California and 
the West, read SUNSET regularly. 



$1.00 a Year 



10c a Copy 



PUBUSHBD MONTHLY BY 

Passenger Depmtmentt 
Southern Padfic 



4 Montfomery Street - SAN FRANCISCO 
193 Clark Street - - - - CHICAGO 
349 Broadway - - NEW YORR CITY 
49 Leadenhall Street - LONDON. ENG. 



Don't forget to mentioii The Pacific Monthly when dealinff with mdvertiierfl. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 





SMILED 

Had pOe^ 
waa wild 
with pain 

Cured pilet 

now tiniles 
like thii agaun like this 

He cored himaelf by uang the Dr. Magorit Home 
Treatment fer piles, fimret, fistulas, and all dis- 
eases of die rectum. Package costs 50c. All 
druggists sell it. We guanwtee cores or refund your 
money. Trial package FREE fer the name of one 
other pemn who has piles. Dr. Magoris Home 
Treatment Co., Binghamton, N. Y. 



WM. DEVENY 



ESTELLE DEVENY 



FLOSSIE DEVENY 



THE DEVENYS 

The Only Scientific Cbiropodists 

IN THU CITY 

Phone Main tjoi 

Parlors in The Drew, Room 203 



U2 SMNtf St. hsr lorrins. Ippssfli TiH « I 



PIIT1iN.IIEM 



aiRS. L. B. HAMILTON 



MRS. C. A. CROWELL 



THE CALUMET 

RESTAURANT 

50c DINNERS A SPECIALTY 

FIRST CLASS FAMILY RESTAURANT 

149 Seventh Street PORTLAND. ORE. 



Executor's Sale 

SPLENDID OPPORTUNITY 
To purchase first-cIass 
business. The under- 
signed will receive 
sealed bids for the en- 
tire stock and business 
of the old and well 
established E. A. Kim- 
baU Gun (8b Sporting 
Goods Store of Taco- 
ma. Good wholesale 
and retail trade. Infor- 
mation furnished; ad- 
dress or call upon 

George O. Kdly, Executor 

Tacoma, Washington 



IVHen Visiting Vancosave: 



Call 



J. DANAHER & CO. 

For Men's Mgh Class Tailor Made Cannent»s 

Granville St.. Fairfield Block. Opp. Post Office VANCOUVER. B. C. 



TKe most tsp* 
to-date clotK- 
ing Hotsse in 
B r i t i s H 
Columbia 



THC MARCH HIT THIS YCAR IS 

"THE JAP BEHIND THE GUN'' 

By A. E. Wade 

A HIT WHERE EVER PLAYED 
A brilliant Piano Solo, splendid Bass Solo In trio. Lays 
well under the fingers and is easy to play. Ask your dealer for 
it. If he hasn't It. send twenty-five cents to the address below 
and you will receive it by return mail. 

THK A. C IVADK MUSIC CO. 

aOX 1—, MOOUIAM. WASH. 

KBUM'8 CIGARS 

Send for a copy of Thb Smokbr's Guidb containing: 
prices and full particulars relating to our popular cigars. 
References furnished from every state and territory on 
the Pbcific Coast. Address. W. E. KRUM k CO.. Ftur- 
tttwtli Ward, Rtaaing, Pa. 

MRS. J. H. BARBOUR 

LADIES' HAIR-DRESSER 

Manictrino Facial Massaoiko Chiropodist 

A foil amortment of Hair Goodii and NoTelties 

for the hair alwayn on hand. 

5S9 GRANVILLE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C. 

Telephones: Store. 12ia: Redidenoe. llfiL 

Send 10c for one year's subscription to 
"American Stories/' the best monthly 
magazine published, and we will send 
you samples of 100 other magazines, 
all different. Amtrican Storltt. lipL I. L ' ---'-- 



FREE! 



magaz 



EDWARD HOLMAN 

UNDERTAKER, EMBALMER 
AND FUNERAL DIRECTOR 

Ei^erieoced Lady Assistant 
aao-aaa Third St. PORTLAND, ORB. 



5«#4^«««i^««««« 



We Retail Goods at Wholesale Prices 

T H K 

Pacllic mail Ordtr Co. 

208-210 First St. 207-209 Salmon St. 
Portland, Oregon 

We Sell Everything Ton Need 

Harness, Farm Implements, Ftimlttfre, 
Stoves, Groceries, Pianos, Orj^ans, etc* 

Send for Illustrated Catalogue at once. IMmi 



^#«^^^^i^^^^^^999^9^ 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




Portlana Paint $ Ulall ?mt €o 

DKCORATORS 



PAINTKRS 



Dealers In, Wall Paper and Room Mouldlniw. 

JobbSi of Gtobe Weather Pr«^f Pa^ and C^wn 

Yamlahee. Phone Black wm, 

t68 Second St., Portland, Or: 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated 



The 1904 Catalogue Is a photographic news letter, from Rochester, 
ihe Home of the Kodak. Fret at tht dtaUrs or by mail. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION 



Sr^ 



Two 
hrough Traim 

to Chicago 



daily irom rortiana ana poi 

Washington via the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Com pany, 

Oregon Short Line^ Union Pacific Railroad and Chicago 



from Portland and points in Oregon and Eastern 

ngton via the Oregon Railroad °- *^^ ' '" 

*go 
& North-Westem Railway, over 



THE ONLY DOUBLE-TRACK RAILWAY BETWEEN 
THE MISSOURI RIVER AND CmCAGO. 

The Chicago-Portland Special, the most luxurious train In the 

world. Pullman sleeping cars, dinin? car, buffet BmoklD^ 

and library car (barber and bath). Less than three davs 

Portland to Chicago. Daily excursions in FulJmnn 

tourist sleeping cars from Portland through to 

Chicago without change. 

R. R. RlTCHia. General Affent Pacific Coait. 

617 Market St., San PraaciBco. Cat. 

A. G. BARKbR, General Affeat, 153 Third St.. 

Portlaod, Ore. 

j;;!^'^ C. A M.-W. RY. 






ill:!!!-;"'.; 




%! 



DON'T PUY BLIND MAN'S BIFF 

WHEN BUYING LIFE INSURANCE. 
A SEARCH with OPEN EYES %vill satisfy you that the polides of the 

MUTIAL BENEFIT LIFE INSURANCE CO. 

contain Special and Peculiar advantag-es not combined in the policies 
ot other companies. 

If read in the light of the Company's 

HFTY-EIGHT YEARS OF HISTORY 

the value of the comprehensive and certain protection they afford will 
be especially appreciated. 

THE COMPANY'S MUTUALITY is real; ITS SECURITY, 
Great; ITS ECONOMY and EARNING POWER, Unsurpassed, 

ARNOLD S. ROTHWELU State Agent 

PORTLAND. OREGON 






irii' 



Don't lorget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisera. It wiU be a|>preciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEBTISING SECTiO.N 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



UMATILLA HOUSE The POes, Or«fon 
SINNOTT ft nSH, Praps. 



Stesm Heated, Electric Lights and CaU Bella. 

S1.00. $1.50 aatf $2.00 per day. Romw «^d 

$1.00. Accommodationa Pital ClaM. American Plan. 
All Traiiw atop at the Hoed. Offices and AgenU of all 
Stage Lines. O. R. & N. Ry. Western Union Telegtmpb 
Co. Long Distance and City Telephones. 



DAYTON'S 
FLY KILLER 

Uiied eTenlnsB will catch and kill 
every fly in your honae. No mark 
left on wall or ceiling. (iOc each, 
postase prepaid. Agents wanted. 

DAYTON HARDWARE CO. 

PsrtlaMi, Ore. 







THE OLYMPIA 



Headquarters for Commercial Men 
Fine Sample Rooms 



C. N. TUMN, Proprietor 

01ympia,Wash. 



,E>. Pi N AUD6 

IDkU De^ ttUINIME: 

Ed. Knaud*s Ean de Quinine 

Lsthebe^t Hair Restorative known — It prcHTves the 
hair from iwrasHlc atUcks, toiiei up the hair bulb*. 
cEcansK the scalp and postiSvely removes dandruff 

Ed. Pinaud's Eau de Qumine 

Is also a moit eiceUent Hair l>resslnE^Thc sweet 

and refined odor whkh ii leaves in tht hair nakt* 

!he toiret a luxury : : ; : j : : 

SOLD SVEkYWHEHS 



POST 

OFFICE 

RECEIPTS 



Will be cheerfully fur- 
nished those who 
desire to verify the 
circulation of the 
Pacific Monthly. No 
better proof of circu- 
lation is possible. 



li 



AUTHORS 

DESIGNERS 

PHOTOGRAPHERS 



: 



The Pacific Monthly 
is in the field for short 
up-to-date articles 
with clear, interesting 
photographs. Short 
love stories are 
wanted. We have a 
place for anything 
interesting and up-to- 
date. 

THE PACIfIC MONTHLY 

PORTLAND, OREGON 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



E8TABLJBHKD IflBB 



'PHomB Bmd vn 



Potilana marble Olorks 

SdMMM i ntN 

MAiriTTAOTIJKERB OT AND DEALEB8 IK ALL XIKDe OT 

MARBLE, GRANITE 
AND STONE WORK 

EstimatM Givea on Application 

268 First Street, ««^-*"?e^1?&5?* ''•''• 

PORTLAND, ORE. 



M. J. YOUNG, 

Manager 



C. J. CURTIS, 

Attorn KY 



Seaside Real Estate Co. 



Lots in the Grove and on the 
Beach for sale. Also Inglenook, 
Hermosa Park, Ocean Grove 
Cottages for rent. Rents Col- 
lected. ::::::: 

Seaside, Oregon 



J. p. FINLEY & SON 

EmMmere and Funeral Directors 

Both Phones No. 9 = Lady Attendant 

Cor. Third and Madison Sts., 

Portland, Ore. 



PUBLICITY 




$2,Q00,Q0Q 
a year 



\a placed in fjubliCAtlQiii 
and Dutdocir dLiplay^ In 
A in erica, Europe mid the 
Orient p by iKe affiliated 
ajtetidei of StiQAtt, San 
Pra ncisco, and F r n n k 
S«iauian. New York and 
Cbimgo. 

Twenty-flve yenri ex- 
perience in handllnf^ all 
forms of commeTcinl ad- 
vcttliinf: standi behind 
our method;*. 

Rates and inrortnntlou 
on any iidvertiaiu^f propo' 
sUian. 

SUNSET 

ADVERTISING 

AGENCY 

Tenth and Market S|re«ts 
SANi=lIANCISCO,CAL* 



SiGNOR G. Ferrari 

266 Mill St.. Portland, Ore. 

T'HE ITAI^IAN VOCAI^ TRACHCR 

Catarrh and Asthma successfully treated sim- 
ply by his method of voice culture. Singing 
taught from foundation to artistic finish. 




Cor. 12th ond Flanders Streets., Portland, Oregon 



All Orders Promptly Bzecuted 
Telephone. Both Companies 



Our Specialty: 

First Class Work 



A TRIAL WILL CONVINCE 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




TO 

ST. PAUL 
MINNBAPOLIS 

CHICAGO 

WASHINGTON 

NEV YORK 

BOSTON 

SPOKANE 

BUTTE 

HELENA 

OMAHA 

KANSAS QTY 

ST. LOUIS 




The Pioneer Dining 

Car Route and 

Yellowstone 

Parl( Line 



Tkkete told to aU pointt 
in the United States, Canada 
and Europe. 



Tolophono Main 244 



Pot detailed information, 
tickets, tleei>ing car reaenra- 
tions, call on or write 



A. D. Charlton 



ASSISTANT QENERAL 
PASSENQER 

AQENT 




255 Morrison St., cor. Tliird, PORTLAND, OREGON 



CALIFORNIA 



Go 

tjO... 



:VIA THE: 



Beautiful Shasta Route 

ELEGANT VESTIBULE TRAINS leave Portland daily at 8:30 A. M. and 
8:30 P. M. for the Land of Fruits, Flowers and Eternal Sunshine. 

Fore, PortUnd to Los Angeles 
and Return, $55.00, Umited to 
90 days from dote of sale 



THE BEST OF EVERYTHING: 



For beautifully Illustrated booklets dcscriblnc this dellchtful trip address 

W. £. COMAN, cen.p«i««.AK«BtUiie« fa Oregon Portland, Or^on 



DoB*t forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertiaers. It will be appreciated. 



J- 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTIOX. 




ST. LOUIS "^Return $67.50 

CHICAGO 22±Return $72.50 

MAY II, 12, 13 



JUNE 16, 17, 18 



2 



STOP-OVERS JULY 
ALLOWED AUG. 

SEPT. 
OCT. 



I, 2, 3 

8, 9, 10 

5» 6, 7 

3, 4» 5 



GOOD 90 
DAYS 



OVERLAND TRAINS DAILY 

THE TLYER 

...AND... 

THE FAST MAIL 



2 



Splendid Service Up-to-Datc Equipment 

Courteous Empleyes 



Day! isht Trip Across the Cascades and Rodcy Mountains 



For tickets, rates, folders and full 
information, call on or address. 

H. DICKSON, Qty Ticket Agent, 

122 Tiilrd St., Portland, Ore. 

S. G. YERKES, G. W. P. A., 

61 2 Eirat Avenue, Seattle, Wasli. 



4 

3 




Varicocele 
Hydrocele 

Cured to Stay Cured in 5 days. No 

Cutting or Pain. Guaranteed 

Cure or Money Refunded. 



%/A«>f ^a^aIa Under mr treatment this ini 
varicocele, mpidlr disappears. Pain 



H. J. TILLOTSON, M. D. 

The Master tpsciailst of Chicago, who Cures Varl- 

cocelt. Hydrocele, and treats patients personally. 

Established 1880. 

(COPYRXOHTBD) 



I inaidoovia diaeaae 

-. _ iln oeases almost 

instantly. The stagnant blood is driven from the dilated veins 
and all soreness and swelling subsides. Every indication of 
Varicocele vanishes and in its stead comes the pleasure of per- 
fect health. Many ailments are r(>flez. originating from other 
diseases. For inHtance, innumerable blood and nervous diseases 
result from poisonous taintu in the system. Yarioocele and 
Hydrocele, if neglected, will undermine physical strength, 
depress the mental faculties, derange the nervous system, and 
ultimately produce complicated results. In treating diseases of 
men I always cure the effect as well as the cause. I desire that 
every person afflicted with these or allied diseases write me so I 
can explain my method of cure, which is safe and permanent. 
My consultation will cost you nothing, and my charges for a 
perfect cure will be reasonable and not more than you will be willing to pay for the benefits conferred. 

^ g%imJtsk\n!t\/ t\^ Ct€<n> ^ what you want. I give a legal guarantee to cure or refund your money. What I have 
KAa^JMMttvj VI \«uris done for others I can do for you. I can cure you at home. 



Correspondence Confidential, ^onS^\ 

plain envelope a scientific and honest opinion of your < 



' personal visit at my office is perferred, but if it is impossible for 
.to call, write me your condition fully, and you will receive in 
plain envelope a scientific and honest opinion of your case, free of charge. My home treatment Is successful. 
My books and lectures mailed free upon application. 

H. J. TILLOTSON, M. D., 280 Tillotson BIdg., 84 Deart>orn St.. CHICAGO 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 






economy 



The cheapest and most econom- 
ical fmit jar in the world. 

Will pay lor itself in the fruit it 
will save. 

Self Sealing. Easy to open. 

So easy, quick and simple a 
child can seal and open it. 

No cutting or burning of fingers. 

No spoiling of fruit. 

No rubber ring required. 

Fruit preserving a pleasure, not 
a drudgery as it is with all 
other jars. 

Made in pints, quarts and half 
gallons of strong, clear white 
flint glass, with three -inch 
wide mouth of smooth sur- 
face permitting the preserving 
of fruit whole or in layers. 

Jl<k your Dealer Tor tbew 

If he does not handle Economy 
Jars, send your name and ad- 
dress to us and we will inform 
you where theycan beobtained 

Send two-cent stamp for our 
special Booklet of Recipes for 
preserving all kinds of fruit, 
vegetables and meats. 

madbams $ 
Kerr Brothers 

OPkolmle Grocers 
und Coffee Roasters 

$i-$$-$5 front Street 
Portland, Or. 




CUT HERE 

WADHAMS & KERR BR09.: 

Portland, Oregon. 
Gentlemen: Enclosed please find two-cent stamp for your Book- 
let of Recipes for preserving fruits, etc. 



Name 



Address 

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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 

LIFE 
INSURANCE 



^^l^fY ^^^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^^ insurance companies in the United States 
imitate , the features in the policies of the Massachusetts 
Mutual Life Insurance Company? 

Y^f-fY is the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Gxnpany, after 
the strictest investigationt considered the safest life insurance 
company in the world? 

^^^|.|Y ^<^s; the Massachusetts Mutual pay annual dividends in 
preference to any other time for dividend payments? 

THRRR ^^^ dozens of other similar questions you ought to be able 
answer intelligently before you take life insurance* 

ITT is to your interests to let us help you answer them* 
y il I out the blank below and send it to us today* 



OUT HERE 

H. G. COLTON9 Pacific Coast Manager 

Massachusetts Mutual Life Ins. Co, 

Portlandt Ore. 

Dear Sir: 

Without committiug myself to any action whatever you may send me free 
information regarding the questions in the Pacific Monthly relating to life insurance. 



Name 

Address 

Age Date of birth Occupation. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



Summer Reading Worth Reading 

Favorite Novels in Uniform Series, Bound in Stiff Decorative Boards 

CANVASBACK LIBRARY 
OF POPULAR FICTION 

12mo, 75 cents each 

Gbrtrudb Athbrton, Henry Harland, John D. Barry, Elinor Glyn, Nathaniel 
Stehenson among the authors represented. 20 volumes ready. Others in preparation. 

Write for UsU 



The Rat-Trap 

By DOLF WyLLARDE 

Author of •' The Story of Eden." 

12nio - . . - $1^0 

The story of a strong man and 
a week one ~ and a woman. 



A Broken Rosary 

By Edward Peplb 

With illustrations in color by Scotson Clark. 

12mo .... $1.50 

The story of a woman's love and a 
priest's will— and the victory. 



Have in Hand When Going to the Country 

THE COUNTRY HANDBOOKS 

A series of Illustrated Practical Handbooks dealing with Country Life. Suitable for Pocket 

or Knapsack. Under the General Editorship ot Harry Roberts. 

i6mo, cloth, |i.oo net\ leather, |i.2o net. 

A New One is THE FISHERMAN'S HANDBOOK — Send lor List 



SEND FOR LISTS OF SUMMER BOOKS 



JOHN LANE 



NEW YORK 



WARLIKE 3miT IN JjUSIC 




Ihe Graphophone 



Will reproduce for you the military 
. music of Japan and Russia* It is the 
best and most popular talking machine 
made, and its capacity for entertainment 
is botmdiess. Write for Catalogue A* 



COLUMBIA PHONOGRAPH CO. 

t28 Seventh St^ Portland, Ore. 



/ 



% 



y.i 



n 



Stai 



ummmmmmmamtM 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




MISSOURI PACIFIC 
^ RAILWAY ^ 



WORLD'S FAIR ROUTE 



From Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo 

To Kansas City, St. Louis, Memphis, Chicago, and 

ALL POINTS EAST 



Direct Line to Hot Springs, Arkansas. 
Service and Equipment second to none. 
Pullman Sleeping and Compartment Cars. 
Dining Cars, Meals a la Carte 

FOR DKTAILKD INFORMATION CALL ON OR ADDRK88 



W. C. McBRIDE, Gen*! Agt, 124 Third St., Portland, Ore. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



McCLUR.E'S 
ABDOMINAL 
SANITARY 
BANDAGE 



HAS PNVEI M 
unqualified 
success for 
Obesity or 
Weakness of 
the Abdomen 

IIKESTISIiTE 

Write for 

our circular 

or call at — 
Pat. July 25. 1899. 

TH£ McCLURE CO. 

417 Marqnan BulMIng, PORTLAND, ORESON 




Don't Wear Baggy Trousers 
or Shabby Clothes 



We Call For, Sponge. Press and Deliver one suit of 
your clothing each week, sew 
on buttons and sew up rips for 



I 



1 .00 A MONTH 



UNIQUE TAILORING CO. 

347 WASHINGTON STREET, PORTLAND, ORE. 

BOTH Phones 




We Want a 
Representative 

In every commanity, to whom can be 
turned over each month expiring sub- 
scriptions for renewal ; also to secure new 
subscriptions on a spedial plan which in- 
sures the bulk of the magazine business 
wherever our propositions are presented. 
Magazine reading is on the increase. 
Where one magazine was subscribed for 
ten years ago, five are taken to-day. 
Hundreds and sometimes thousands of 
dollars are paid out annually in every 
community for new subscriptions, and in 
renewing old ones. The Pacific Monthly 
offers **the Inside trtick'* in getting this 
business. Our representatives renew from 
70 to 90 per cent, of subscriptions on the 
expiration lists furnished. Write to-day. 

IS. PACIFIC MONTHLY 

Pordand, Oregon. 



FIREI FIREII 

When that calamity comes you will think of 
insurance. Will your "thinking about it" 
come too late? Don't delay. Insure with the 

HOME INSURANCE CO. 

of New York. The Great American Fire Insurance Co. 

Cash Ca»ltaM3,000,000, AtMtt avert 1 6,000,000 

All available for American Policy Holders. 



J. D. COLBMAN, General Agent 

ittM Til PMifli iMtUf 260 6tark 6t., Partland, Ort. 



HATT ERS AND FURN ISHERS 

s^ 

Buffum & Pendleton 

Sole Agents for 

KNOX HATS 
311 Morrison St., Portland, Oregon 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




MISSOURI PACIFIC 
^ RAILWAY ^ 



WORLD'S FAIR ROUT£ 



From Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo 

To Kansas City, St. Louis, Memphis, Chicago, and 

ALL POINTS EAST 



Direct Line to Hot Springs, Arkansas. 
Service and Equipment second to none. 
Pullman Sleeping and Compartment Cars. 
Dining Cars, Meals a la Carte 

FOR DKTAILKD INFORMATION CALL ON OR ADDRK88 



W. C. McBRIDE, Gen*l Agt, 124 Third St., Portland, Ore. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



I 



^ 







McCLURE'S 
ABDOMINAL 
SANITARY 
BANDAGE 


We Want a 
Representative 

In every community, to whom can be 
turned over each month expiring sub- 
scriptions for renewal ; also to secure new 
subscriptions on a spedial plan which in- 
sures the bulk of the magazine business 
wherever our propositions are presented. 
Magazine reading is on the increase. 
Where one magazine was subscribed for 
ten years ago, five are taken to-day. 
Hundreds and sometimes thousands of 
dollars are paid out annually in every 
community for new subscriptions, and in 
renewing old ones. The Pacific Monthly 
offers "the inside track*' in getting this 
business. Our representatives renew from 
70 to 90 per cent, of subscriptions on the 
expiration lists furnished. Write to-day. 

is; PACIFIC MONTHLY 

Pordaiid, Oregon. 


/ ^ji . i HAS nWIEI Al 
jf^,jigiir-^fi^^^pi'\ unqualified 
[ \^^^f^^^^^^ J|\ success for 
\^^r^ \ \ Obesity or 

V^l \ 1 ^®*^®^®' 
\ jj -ssssfta^ ^ 1 theAbdomen 


f^ \ y IIIIESTIIlllTE 

/ / y Write for 

f 1 f OUT circular 

/ or caU at— 
Pat. July 25, 1899. / 

THE McCLURE CO. 

417 Marqaam Building. PORTLAND, ORESON 


I>cm*t Wear Baggy Trousers 
or ShaM»y Clotlies 

We Call For, Sponge. Press and Deliver one suit of 
your clothing each week, sew 
on buttons and sew up rips for 

$1.00 A MONTH 


FIREI FIREII 

1 When that calamity comes you will think of ! 

1 Insurance. Will your "thinking about If 

1 come loo late? Don't delay, insure with the « 

HOME INSURANCE CO. 

of New York. The Great American Fire Insurance Co. 

Ctth Ctpitai.13,000,000, Attttt avert 1 6,000.000 \ 

All available for American Policy Holders. 


UNIQUE TAILORING CO. 

347 WASHINGTON STREET. PORTLAND. ORE. 

Both Phones 


J. D. COLBMAN. Qeneral Agent 

; iMtiiiTkiPMifliMUy 260 Stark St.. Ptrtland, Ort. 






HATTERS AND FURNISHERS 

Buffum & Pendleton 

Sole Agents for 

KNOX HATS 
31! Morrison St., Portland, Oregon 


Trank Calkins & Co. 

\ !' 
tailors 

*70 JftdT Sir»t. Fortland, Or». | 

', 1 (Between Third and Fourth Sts.) 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 





Leading Double Keyboard 



NEW AND SECOND-HAND 



TYPEWRITERS 



OF ALL MAKES 



SOLD, RENTED AND 
REPAIRED 

Platens. Supplies and Parts for All Machines 



Rubber Stamps, Notary Seals, Etc. 

sign Marlcers, Numbering Machines. Trade Checlcs, Check Protectors, Etc. 

Steel fire-Proof Safes, Letter Presses, Etc. 



Webster's Pencil Shafpener 

For School and Office 




Never wears out, $3.00 



THE FAY-SHOLES 




Leading Single Keyboard 



Typewriter and Office Desks, Chairs, Etc. 
Mimeographs, Hektographs and AU Supplies. 
Shipping BooI» and Office Specialties. 
Ask for Catalogues. 

COAST AGENCY CO. 



231 STARK STREET 
PORTLAND, OREGON 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertitert. It will be ai>preciated. 



HENRY 

Weinhard 



M A N U FA CT U R ER OF 

Fine Beers 

& Choice Malt 



Your Trade is Solicited 



Office 13th and Burnsldc. Telephone 72 

PORTLAND, OREGON 





KAPPI^ER m CO. 

Maltsters* Brewers, Bottlers 



Export Lager, 
Porter :ind Ale 




Orders by Mail will 
receive prompt attention 




Powell Street 



Vancouver, B. C. 




When It Comes to Paint 




L. 



THE WONDERFUL MERITS OF 

AVENARIUS 

Carbolineuixi 

SHOULD RECEIVE THE CONSIDERATION 
OF EVERY THOUGHTFUL PURCHASER 



^ On account of its large covering capacity, Aven- 
alius Carboliueum is the cheapest paint on the 
market. One gallon covers 350 sq* feet of dressed 
lumber and 250 square feet of rough lumber. 

^ As a paint, with its very attradlive nut-br^ 
color, it is an unquestioned success. 

fl IN ADDITION it is the orily wood preserver tried 
and tested by a sufficient number of year*a experience. 



'own 



^ It is the only efficient and practical means to prevent rot, 
dry rot and decay of wood above or below ground or water. 
It preserves wood for at leaft 3 times its natural life, and we 
guarantee it will double the life of wood if properly applied. 

fl h will dettroy cKickcti lice and all vermin. Paint or iprsy tJie mtcr- 
iof oi your chickea house with Ave nanus Carbolineum and you will 
Have heatthier chickens and more eggs. 

^ Avenarius Carbolineum has been in uie aince 1670 and import«l by 
ut for over 18 yean. We know u is all we cinim for it and more. 
Wr know it li no experimetiL It i» applied with a bnah like ordinary 
paint, and no skill is required to use it. 

fl Write ti» today and we aball be glad to show you conclusively that 
Avenariui Carbolineum ii a money- saver from many slandpoints. 




Carbolineum Wood Preserving Co. 

Department M. 162 FRONT STREET. Portland. Oregon 



7V\0NTHLY 




'.■Cv^^Scii^ v i g^ I d ai g^^ 



oi. xii SEPTEMBER, 1904 

k Pad&c Monthly Publishing Co., Portlandv Oregon 



Price iJ 
10c. 



A Few Facts about The Southern Mutual Investment Co. 

or LEXINGTON, KENTUCKY 

Has been In active operation ten years. Has accumulated assets of over $950,000.00. Has paid 
investors over $1,400,000.00. Has deposited with Treasurer «if Kentucky $100,000.00. Under 
Supervision of State Authorities. Subject to 30 States Examination. Investors in every 
Stale of the Unioh. Canada and Mexico. VV'rite us for particulars 

•" ';as;.;rs'.'!&o. sch*efeb a, habpeb, Gen'i *gu. 
PROFITABLE INVESTMENTS 

On the Pacific Coast. A Satisfactory Profit Assured and the 

Security of your Money absolutely Guaranteed. No sum too 

small -none too large. Capital $10,000,000.00. Write us for particulars. 

Equitable Savings (Sb Loan Assn., Concord Buflding, Portland, Ore. 



9{pii} under ne<w managemenf. Everything ne<w a.nd modern throughout, Specia.1 a.ccom- 
modjLtions for traveling men. Every modern improvement. Motto: ''To ^leiLse^ 

l)otel Dacres 

JOHN B. CATRON, MANAGER 



Comer Main and Fourth Streets* 



WALLA WALLA, WASH. 



\Ay 



Gee! But 
its Good 

THE VERDICT 
OF EVERY ONE 
WHO USES 

DIAMONDW 






\V.i(lh,uns^Col( 

VV l.>«»l»"..-.oli? 

Port I £111*1. . 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 



Edited by William BitUe Wells 

The entire contents of this Magazine are covered by the general copyright and articles must not be reprinted 

rmisslon. Extracts from articles may be road 

credit is given THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 



without special permission. Extracts^ froin^ artick» may be roade provided proper 
"""" '^•^•"•^ MONTH'*' 



CONTENTS FOR SEPTEMBER, 1904 

ELOOTOHMAN AND PAFPOOSE (Frontispiece) 

PEOPLES-PLAOES-THINaS (iUnstrated) 131 

Bussell Sage and Vacations. 

New Cruiser * * California. ' ' 

The Torpedo Boat. 

A Wave Motor. 

CAMPUS DAY Edmond S. Meany 188 

(Illustrated. 

BEFORE IiOVE CAME (poem) Marion Cook Knight 140 

A TEMPERED WIND (fiction) 0. E. Adams 141 

THE CITY BOYS' SWIMMINa HOLE (iUnstrated) E. J. Bloom 145 

AWAKE (poem) Florence May Wright 148 

THE BUOEET TRAMWAY (illustrated) George M Qage 149 

THE DEACON'S DILEMMA (fiction) Erskine M Hamilton 161 

"SWIMBON' HOLE" PICTURES 154-166 

OUR NATIVE SHRUBS (iUnstrated) WiUiam S. Rica 166 

* 'EXTRA WEST, 667" (fiction) . Mjnrvln Davis 159 

TRUTH (poem) Donald A. Fraser 160 

CHINESE MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRU- 
MENTS (iUnstrated) Albert Gale 161 

THE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION (iUnstrated) Charles ErsUne ScoU Wood 169 

(Including Bryan's Speech, p. 175.) 

DEPARTMENTS 

OUR VIEW William Bittle WeUs 179 

THE MONTH 180 

IMPRESSIONS Charlel Erskine Scott Wood 185 

THE READER W. F. O. Thacher 186 

THE UaHTER SIDE Franklin Godwyn 188 

PROGRESS 190 

XKRMSt— $1.00 a year In advance; 10 cents a copy. Subscribers should remit to us in P. O. or 
express money orders, or in banlc checlcs, drafts or registered letters. 

CHANGES OF ADDRESS— When a change of address is ordered, both the ne^r 

and the old address must be given, and notices sent three weeks before the 

change is desired. 
WHO IS AUTHORIZED TO TAKE SUBSCRIPTIONS^AU booksellers and 

postmasters arc authorized to receive subscriptions for The Pacific Monthly. 

In addition to these, the magazine is securing representatives in every city 

on the Pacific Coast, and these and our regular traveling representatives 

are authorized to solicit subscriptions. 
MEN AND WOMEN WANTED.— We are looking for a number of enthusiastic 

and energetic men and women to represent the magazine. Our proposition 

is unusually attractive. Write for it to-day. 
CORRESPONDENCE should always be addressed to The Pacific Monthly. 

Chamber of Commerce Building, Portland, Oregon, and not to individual 

members of the firm. 

rT^bSs^S-ic^-r P.«..«.. ^¥ Partfif Hlmttifltt Publialfitis (tto. 

GEO. U. GAGE. Assistant Muuger Copyright. 1904. by William Bittle WelU 

Entertd at the Pdstofllce of Portbmd, Oregon as second-dass matter. 



A 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



EUGENE 
BUSINESS 
COLLEGE 



R S. HAROUN, President 



A Thorotsghly Modern 
BusincM G>Uege, prepftring 
yovukg men and yoting 
women for bo8ine» life 



EUGENE, OREGON 



Portland Academ^ 



The sixteenth year will open September 19. 1904. 

The Academy proper fits boys and girls for college. 

A primary and grammar school receives boys and 
girls as early as the age of 6, and fits them for the 
Academy. 

A gymnasium In charge of a skilled director is on 
tlie Academy grounds. 

The Academy opened In September. 1902. a boarding 
hall for girls. The hall Is at 191 Eleventh street, and 
is under the immediate supervision of Miss Collna 
Campbell. 

For Catalogue or further Information, address 

Portland Academy, Portland, Ore. 



r^Allimhi/l CoUegiate, Preparatory, 

^'VIUIIII/IU Commercial and Gram- 

V f««SmF^^«tt»S4«F ^^^ Grade Courses. 
V/niVCrSHjr Boarding School for 

APPLY FOR CATALOGUE YOung men and boys. 

Box 357 University Park Station, Portland, Or. 



Hill Military 
Academy 

Portland, Oregon 

Boardloc and Day School lor boys 
and youns men 

The success and high standing of many hundreds of 
Dr. Hill's former pupils and graduates during the last 24 
years Indicate the merit of his methods. 

Manual Training. Classical. College and Business 
Courses. For catalogue, address 

DR. J. W. HILL. Prindpal 




afMmxt 

One of the best* eqnin^^ schoob on the 
Pacific Coast*, Specialists in every depart- 
ment, thus offering all the advantages of 
Eastern and European Conservatories. 

DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 

Rano. Organ. Voice. Violin and other String In- 
struments—Kindergarten Music Method. Rudiments. 
Theory, Harmony. Counterpoint. Musical History, etc. 
Eiocution and Languages. Special Summer Course 
now open. Fall Term opens September 2d. 19M. 
Address L. H. HURLBURT- EDWARDS, Director. 
The Brooke Bidg.. Washington & 7th. Portland, Ore. 



Walton College of Expression 

SPOKANE. WASHINGTON 

^Complete courses in Law, Oratory, Dramatic Ac- 
tion, Elocution, Voice, Eye, Chest, Memory, and 
Physical Culture. Graduates receive degrees of 
Bachelor of Expression and Master of Expression. 
Send for Catalogue. 



Behnke-Walker 
Business College 

0tranta Slurk. I^ortlattb. (Or. 

We assist our graduates in finding positions as 
well as giving them the necessary qualifications. 
Special inducements to enroll now. Send for ' 
catalogue. Phone Main 590. 



^ 



H. W. Behnke, Pres. 
1. M. Walker, Sec'y. 



J^ 



l|0tel iriari 



trict and places of amusement. 



Victoria's elegant Tourist and Commercial Hotel. Under new 
and progressive management and replete with modem equip- 
ment. Convenient to parliament buildings, shopping dis- 
American and European plans. C. A. Harrison, Prop. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



A Select* 
Boarding 
S c H o o 1 
for Boys 



DeKovenHall 



on 



Located 
Lake SteOaooom 

8 Miles S. of Tacoma 




Combines School Discipline with Home Influences. A distinctive feature of DeKoven Hall is its 
selectness— only a few boys ot good character admitted. Prepares for CoUege or Business. 
Plenty of healthful out-door exercise, well-equipped buildings, pure water, wholesome food. 
Not one case of serious illness in the twelve years the school has been established. Fall term 
opens September 10th. For full information, address 

R. F. D. No. 1 Lons Distance Telephone D. S. PULFORD, PRINCIPAL, South Tacoma. Wash. 




XBaBSaBSBaBaaB BS IBaBSBSB S BSBBBeB^ 



Next Stop : Salt Lake City 

THE KENYON 

SALT LAKE CITY'S LEADING HOTEL 

DON H. PORTER 

LARGE. SUPERB AND INCOMPARABLE 

Three Hundred and Two Rooms Three Hundred and Two Phones 



EUROPEAN 

$1 and Upwards 



and 



AMERICAN 

$2.50 to $4.00 



TWO BLOCKS FROM TEMPLE SQUARE 
AND MORMON INTERESTS. Excellent 
Cuisine. Local & Long Distance Phone in every room 



iJS e S B S PJ B PiXS J Pi S aB SB P S B B Pff^ ^ 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 






I Spedal attention given to Collections Established 18S9 

LADD (Sh TILTON 

Transact a General Banking Business 

Portland, Oregon 




A. L. MILLS «. ~ PresitUnt W. C. ALVORD Assistant Cashur 

J. W. NEWKIRK Caskisr B. F. STEVENS. 2nd Assistant Cashier 



First National Bank 

OF PORTLAND* OREGON 

Oldest National Bank on the Pacific Coast 



Capital $ 500,000.00 

Surplus 960,000.00 

Deposits 8,250,000.00 



Designated Depository and Financial Agent 
United States 



CORNER FIRST AND WASHINGTON STREETS 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 






J. C. AiNSWORTH. President 
W. B. Ayer. Vice-President 



R. W. SCHMEER, Oishler 
A. M. Wright, Asst. Cashier 



liia United States National Bank 

Capital, ^300,000 Surplus and Profit, J 100,000 Deposits, J2,600,000 
WANTS GOOD BUSINESS UPON SUBSTANTIAL ASSETS 

PORTLAND, OREGON 



Gives personal attention to the needs 
and requirements of every account 



C. F. ADAMS. President 

R. G. JUBITZ. Secretary 



L. A. Lewis. 1st Vice President 
A. L. Mills, 2d Vice President 



266 Morrison Street, Portland, Oregon 



Interest Paid on Savings Ac- 
counts and on Time Certificates 
of Deposit. 

Directors— C. A. Doiph. L. A. Lewis. 
Joseph Simon. A. L. Mills, C. F. Adams. 
J. N. Teal. James F. Failins. 



i^trauttt of (dotibttiott, (Pttahtr I, 1903 



RESOURCES 

Loans $1.810322J0 

Bonds- •• $870,904.91 

Premiums 1.242.93 872.147^ 

Cash and due 

from correspondents 820 .674.12 
$3,503,144.26 



LIABILITIES 

Capital $250,000.00 

Surplus and 

undivided profits... %,556.88 

Deposits 3.156.587 J8 

$3*503.144.26 




Ton Have tiie lam ! We Have tie Keg !! 

4 per ct. interest paid on Savings Deposits, com 

pounded semi-annually. 2 per ct. interest 

on checking accounts. 

This bank has made arrangements with W. F, 

BURNS CO., of Chicago, to adopt its system 

of Home Savings Banks. It will furnish one 

to anyone who will deposit $1— credit for 

the $1 to be given In a pass book. ^ 



OBEIiOII SflVIIISI! BflllK 

of Portland, Ore., in Marquam Bldg 
SIXTH AND MORRISON STS. 



OFFICERS 

L. O. Ralston. Prest. William Ralston. V. Prest. 
W. Cooper Morris, Cashier 

Save the Dimes and the DoUars 
will tal<e care of themselves. It is 
not what you earn, but what you 
save that leads to wealth. 




.<^;> 







l\»'^-x*- 







:.'^.- 



\-^^ 



n5.^* 



,#••• 



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f'* 


^ 


^ 


' J?i5 


ff 


wk 


%^ 


t P 


.' tiP 


r 


' kri^ 


't 


* . ' 






a 






m 


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^ 



Most Modern and Up-to-date 

Hotel in Spokane 

Rooms sinffle or en suite 

with private bath 



Enmiinui fHait 

Rates $1 and up. Eiesant 
Cafe in connection 



l|0tel lltrt0ria 



Large Sample Rooms for 
Commercial Men 



Spokane, Wash. 



THE SARATOGA HOTEL CO. 

EUROPEAN PLAN CALDWELL, IDAHO R. V. SEBREE. M«r. 

Opened to the public March 1 5th Hot and cold water in every room 



THE KLOEBER 

Hotel and Sanitarium ^ Green River Hot Springs 



Most Perfedly Appointed Health and Pleasure Resort in the West» 



I HE development of "THE KLOEBER" has reached a degree 
of excellency that places it superior to any place of the kind in the 
West and amongst the leading health resorts of the world. Steam 

' heated and electric lighted throughout, with all the approved 

appointments of a modem institution, it is an ideal place for those desiring 
either rest, the restoration of health and strength, or merely pleasure. The 
waters are famous for their medicinal qualities. On main Ime of N. P. Ry. 
63 miles from Seattle and Tacoma. Q For further information address 

J. S. KLOEBER. M. D.. Green River Hot Springs. Wash. 




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TAGOMA, WASHINGTON 

Headquarters for Tourists and Commercial 
Travelers 

AMERICAN PLAM $3.00 PER DAY UPWARDS 

W. B. BLACK WELL, Manager 




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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 






^^^^J^^^^^^^ The Casting and Ma- 

HVw'^^H^^^^ chining of 30-tOn Fly 

^M 1 ^^1^^^^ Wheels, coincident with 

HI v^^^. building 2000-horse 

^B 1 ^^4!^^k\ power Engines, in com- 

^m 1 ^^^^^j|^^H% petition with Eastern 

^^■^^^^H^^^^;^^B a shops, means thoroughly 

PIP^T^JP^L^^^ '^^B n up-to-date facilities, 

ll^B^ ^^^^ i^n U ^^" ^^^ ^^^ benefit of 
l^y ^^^t ! Ill n tAis equipment when you 
H^^H^^^^ ' iHI H P^^^^ jour order w/YA us. 

II^K^^ WlUamette 
If juIUf ^^^^ ^ Steel 

^^^■^^^^^ Portland, Ore.. U. S. A. 



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TTmAtilU (Oreron) Klootohman and pappooM. 

By A stroke of exceptional £ood fortune. The Pacific Monthly has come into possession of a series of 
unique and impressive pictures of Eastern Oregon Indians, one of whioh will appear in each issue of The 
Pacific Monthly. These photographs are products of the craft of Mr. Lee Moorehouse, of Pendleton, Oregon, 
whose success in this difficult hranch of photography is imparalleled, and to whom The Pacific Monthly is 
indehted for these remarkahle and artistic pictures. 




Volume XII 



SEPTEMBER, 1904 



Number 3 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS 



Russell Sage and Vacations 

ALL unconsciously, Eussell Sage, 
the successful old money- 
grub, exposed himself to end- 
less ridicule when he gave ut- 
terance to his now famous 
advice concerning vacations. There is 
something intensely humorous in the 
thought of that aged slave of the dollar 
setting himself up as an authority on this 
subject. But when he naively admits that 
he has never taken a vacation, pointing 
pridefuUy to his own career as an example 
of a life given over to unremitting toil, 
without the yearly outing which is so dear 
to the average man, it approaches the ab- 
surd. 

It has its pathetic side, too. That a 
man of so great attainment should be so 
blinded to the joys of life ; that he should 
be content, year after year, to sit at the 
seat of customs, to barter and plot and 
contrive in order that his vast wealth may 
not slip away from him, but may continue 
to grow ; to know no sweeter pleasure than 
the sound of the ticker and the hoarse 
tumult of Wall street — and thus to go 
down the declinine^ years, with the grave 
yawning at his feet: there is certainly 
pathos in that. 

Nay, Russell Sage, you have lived yoiir 




Mrs. David B. Francis, president of the Woman's 

Club, St. Louis, and wife of the President 

of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. 



132 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



life with but one aim — ^the accumulation 
of wealth. Success has rewarded your ef- 
forts, and, no doubt, you consider yourself 
a successful man. We have no quarrel to 
pick with you. You have paid dearly for 
your gains, and we pity you from the bot- 
tom of our hearts. There can be no joy 
and brightness in life for you. We (and 
^^we" are the ordinary men, who take all 
the vacation we can get and beg for more) 
know that all your millions are not worth 
the memory of hours afield, with rod and 
gun, hours on the seashore, with the hot 
Sim burning our skin, and old ocean lap- 
ping at our feet, hours in a hammock with 
pipe and some favorite author. These and 
the anticipation of other such days in 
store give a zest to life, Russell Sage, and 
a sparkle and a glow that never goes with 
clipping coupons. You know nothing at 
all about it, so you were very unwise 





BuMeU Bf, the famous old flxianoier, whoM lemariuible 
■udTioo on Taoations liaa arooaod mnoh oommeat. 



The adopted mother. 

to speak as you did. Work is an ex- 
cellent thing, and every man must do his 
share; but, like everything 
else, it may be carried to an 
extreme, and in excess it 
becomes a fearsome task- 
master. 

With all your money bags 
you have missed the best in 
life, and we wouldn^t change 
places with you, Russell 
Sage, for all your millions. 



New Cruiser California 
The recent launching of 
the new and formidable ar- 
mored cruiser California 
from the great shipyard of 
the Union Iron Works, San 
Francisco, Cal., proved a 
very important event in the 
annals of the American 
navy. In the history of the 
Golden State the affair was 
no less notable. 

The California enjoys the 
enviable distinction of being 
the longest war vessel of her 
class in the world. She is 
longer than the battleships 
Oregon, the Iowa, Ohio, and 
other great vessels. She is 
nearly twice the length of 
the New York and other 
cruisers of that class. 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS. 



133 



The dimensions of the California are: 
Length over all, 603 feet; extreme 
breadth, 70 feet; full loaded draught, 26 
feet; total displacement, 13,440 tons. She 
has twin screws and triple expansion en- 
gines, whose total indicated horsepower 
aggregates 23,000. This great power is 
capable of developing a maximum speed of 
22 knots per hour. At a high rate of 
speed the propellers will make 120 revo- 
lutions per minute. There are 30 large 
tubular boilers placed in eight water-tight 
compartments. 

The coal bunkers hold 2,000 tons of 
coal, and the new cruiser^s steaming 



In every respect the California is an 
up-to-date fighting machine. Electricity 
will be used throughout the vessel for 
lighting, for the turning gear for the tur- 
rets, for the loading apparatus of the 
heavy guns, and for various other pur- 
poses. 

There will be an ice plant on board 
capable of turning out three tons daily; 
an evaporator plant, capable of producing 
over 20,000 gallons of fresh water per 
day, and also a distilling apparatus, witli 
a capacity of 10,000 gallons of drinking 
water each day. 

The California will be fitted up as a 




The splendid new ftrft-cUuM oruiaer "CalifomU/* one of the finest fl^htiny ships in TTnole Sam's navy. 



radius is estimated at 5,000 knots. Her 
armament — main and secondary batteries 
— ^is very complete. In both offensive and 
defensive fi,ghting the California will be 
one of the most formidable war vessels 
in the American navy. In addition to 
her destructive armament, the new cruiser 
will be able to offer to hostile projectiles 
a very strong resistance, in the shape of 
massive hull protection. 



flag ship, and, with a full complement, 
will carry 47 officers and 782 enlisted 
men. 

The construction of this great and for- 
midable cruiser was authorized by an act 
of Congress approved March, 1899. The 
price fixed upon for hull and machinery 
was $3,800,000, and her complete arma- 
ment, $1,000,000, thus making a total of 
nearly $5,000,000. 



134 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Tkc Torpedo Boat 

If there is one fact that, beyond any 
other, has been brought out by the Russo- 
Japanese war, it is that of the formidable- 
efficiency of the torpedo-boat. Heretofore- 
these pigmy craft have been looked upon 
with more or less contempt. In the war 
between the United States and Spain the- 
torpedo-boat played a very small part, the 
bulk of the fighting being done by the- 
cruisers and battleships. It remained for 
the Japanese to appreciate the destructive 
value of these deadly naval instruments. 
In their hands, the torpedo has assumed 
a new and awesome significance. In 
nearly every engagement the torpedo has^ 
struck the decisive blow. Like wasps, 
they dart upon their enemy, sting and 
away again, before a defense is possible. 
Unlike that noxious insect, their blow is- 
deadly. It is as if the wasp possessed the 
fangs of a cobra. No armorplate ever 
cast can resist the rending power of a 
Whitehead torpedo. 

So swift is their motion, and so^ 
small the exposed surface, that the 
torpedo-boat is the poorest possible 
mark for the ponderous guns of the 
great war vessels; and so, to meet the 
torpedo-boat, a new style of craft has been 
developed — the torpedo-boat destroyers. 
Swifter, and as easily maneuvered as the 
torpedo-boat herself, she is, at the same 
time, armed with guns sufficiently power- 
ful to pierce the thinly protected torpedo- 
boat. She lurks in the lee of the great 
floating forts, or does patrol duty aroTrnd 
the fleet, ready to dart out and give battle 
directly the dread torpedo-boat is seen. 
Thus battles are fought and won by these 
tiny craft, before the ponderous battle- 
ships hardly get into action. It is the 
^Tiit-and-get-awa}^' policy once more;^ 
speed, cunning and quick, telling blows, 
instead of heavy movements and thunder- 
ous cannonading. It is a style of fighting- 
peculiarly suited to the Japanese, and by 
them has been brought to high perfection. 

A Wave Motor 

On the Cliff Drive, which skirts the 
ocean shore north of Santa Cruz, in Cali- 
fornia, there is a wave motor, where the 
horses of the sea have been broken to har- 
ness, and have done steady work for seven 
years. The inventor of this successfn? 




Hametsinr the waves of old ooeon. Wave motor at Santa Cruz, California. 

Photo by C. L. Aydelotte. 




Japanese torpedo-boat destroyer "Akutsuki," one of the pigmy craft that have floured so promi- 
nently in the naval engagements of the Russo-Japanese war. 



136 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




duurmiBff Vary Mannerinf , one of 
mott popular aotroMos. 



Amerioa't 



the outer well a counter-balanced float 
rises and falls between vertical guides a& 
the breakers or waves raise and lower the 
water level. In the second well the 
plunger of a common force pump, working 
in any part of a long pump barrel, on the 
down stroke, forces the salt water up 125 
feet to the tank. 

In ordinary weather the pump fills the 
tank in an hour, but has done it in thirty- 
five minutes. It will throw a four-inch 
stream to a height of 125 feet. 



ConrteBy of Burr McIntoBh Monthly. 
Copyright, 1904. by The Burr Mcintosh Studio. 

motor is E. J. Armstrong. His idea is 
quite a simple one. The plant contains 
mainly, two wells, a force pump, counter- 
balanced float, derrick, pipes and 5000- 
gallon tank. 

The wells are sunk, one behind the 
other, on the sheer cliff, facing the open 
sea, and reach from thirty-five feet above 
high tide to below low- water mark. They 
open into the ocean at the bottom. In 




On the beautiful Willamette by moonliffbt. 




ForlMt Bobertion, the eminent Enffliah actor, as H mlet. His ma8terl7 interpretation of Shakespeare't 
rreateit character was the paramount performance of the past dramatic season. 




CAMPUS DAY has been inaugu- 
rated as the unique holiday of 
the year by the students and 
faculty of the University of 
Washington. Every one who has 
visited the Puget Sound region knows that 
the forests there are dark and dense in 
their almost tropical tangles. The cam- 
pus of the University of Washington, com- 
prising three hundred and fifty-five acres, 
wholly within the city limits of Seattle, is 
covered with this same native growth of 
trees and shrubs. Two lakes — Union and 
Washington — bound the campus on the 
south and east, giving about a mile of 
lake shore in each case. The thick forest 
growths approach to the very edges of 
these shores, making them inaccessible, 
except through the construction of paths. 
The land slopes from its highest table, 
where are located the university buildings, 
by gentle grades to the shore of Lake 



Union, and by steeper terraces, bluffs and 
ravines toward Lake Washington. 

Such experts as President David Starr 
Jordan, of Stanford University, Professor 
D^Arcy Thompson, of Dundee University, 
Scotland, and Professors Richard T. Ely, 
Frederick J. Turner and Paul S. Reinsch, 
of the University of Wisconsin, have vis- 
ited this particular campus in its wild 
ruggedness and have pronounced it one 
of the most beautiful locations for an in- 
stitution of learning to be found anywhere 
in the world. To make some of this 
beauty more available, an appeal was made 
to the students and faculty to establish 
a sort of annual "labor day,'^ when every 
man should appear with an ax, pick or 
shovel, while the women should provide 
the midday meal. The response was en- 
thusiastic, and the results of the first 
Campus Day most gratifying. 

The workers comprised about six hun- 



"CAMPUS DAY.'' 



139 



dred men and women. They were organ- 
ized into companies, properly oflBcered, 
and devoted one whole day to good, hard 
labor. The faculty and graduate students 
were called the "awkward squad,'* which 
was given the hardest and least attractive 
work of filling ditches and leveling ground 
between the buildings. The Law School 
men built a path along the shore of Lake 
Washington. Men of the College of En- 
gineers built winding paths through two 
large ravines. Other classes cleared land 
and built paths in various directions. 
Great care was taken not to mar in the 
slightest the natural beauty of the rich 
forest. The campus will one day be one 
of the finest natural parks in this part of 
the world. 

Probably the best piece of work accom- 
plished was the clearing of a natural 
amphitheater formed by a wide and 




Cleariav the natural amphitheater, whioh wlU 

be one of the features of the campus at 

the XJniTersity of Washington. 




Some of the workers equipped and ea^r for the fray. 



140 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Students of the College of En^ineen, ttartinir 
one of the windina: paths on Campus Day. 



evenly sloped ravine. Without grading 
and by simply removing the trees and 
undergrowth, there was revealed a natural 
auditorium that will accommodate an 
audience of thirty thousand people. The 
back or "sounding wall/' consists of a 
mass of interlocking trees, such as fir, 
hemlock, cedar, maple and alder. A 
rough, temporary platform was built on 
a huge fir stump. The acoustic proper- 
ties have surprised all who have tested 
them. From any place on the wide sides 
of the theater an auditor can hear every 
syllable, even when the speaker drops his 
voice to a whisper. This splendid pos- 
session will be improved by each succeed- 
ing jimior class in the College of Liberal 
Arts, and soon Greek plays will be giveji 
a fine setting in this beautiful spot by the 
far Western sea. 



BEFORE LOVE CAME 

Before Love came I knew not sights nor sonndSi 
Save what had always seemed to be; 
A rose was but a rose— ah, me!— 
Before Love came. 

Before Love came a bird was but a bird; 
Now In my soul an answering thrill 
I feel, where erstwhile all was still. 
Before Love came. 



Before Love came, dear heart, how poor I was! 
The fragrance and the song could give 
No ecstacy; I did not live 
Before Love came. 

—Marion Cook Knight. 



A TEMPERED WIND 



Tne meeting of tw^o 'uranderers — tke exchange of confi<leiice8 — a story of 
appealing kuman interest 

By C. E. AJams 



THE Flyer was an hour late. The 
Great and Powerful, surfeited 
with attention, had closed the 
window of the ticket office, 
and could be seen struggling 
wildly with the telephone. Hanging up 
finally with a jerk, he came through into 
the waiting room, and, standing before the 
billboard, wrote rapidly: 

"Flyer delayed in Tacoma by slight ac- 
cident to machinery. No night boat. Will 
run as usual to-morrow.'^ 

A ripple of disappointed comment ruf- 
fled the silence of the waiting crowd. 

People picked up their bundles and 
pushed and crowded for the door with the 
eagerness of instant necessity. 

A young mother carrying her child and 
a man in rain coat and cap drifted to- 
gether as they neared the door. Standing 
aside as she passed through, he made an 
awkward but earnest profiEer of assistance. 

"Vd like to help you over the tracks,*' 
he said. "You can^t carry the baby and 
your bag, too. Excuse me for speakin\^' 

The sincerity of the offer was apparent, 
and after a mementos hesitation the girl 
gave him her bag and followed, as he led 
the way through an open passage to the 
street. Here he paused. 

"Give me the kid. I guess I can man- 
age him all right.'' 

Before she could remonstrate he had 
taken the child from her arms and started 
across the network of tracks.'' 

"Keep close to me. Look out there, 
you!" — ^to a drayman. "Now, we're all 
right. Don't you see you couldn't never 
have got over here alone, with all these 
things screechin' and blowin' and runnin' 
you down. Are you goin' to Tacoma to- 
night?" 

"I must," she said, eagerly. 'T guess 
I can get over on the electric road pretty 
soon." 

"Thafs right. That's just how I'm 
goin'. The station's right up here." 

The little waiting room was warm and 



bright, and the girl gave a sigh of relief 
as she saw that it was unoccupied. The 
instinct of the hunted was strong within 
her these days. 

The man pulled an easy chair near the 
stove and went out to make some inquiries. 
Coming back soon, he said: 

"I've been findin' out about the trains. 
We've just missed one; but there'll be an- 
other at nine. You don't need to worry. 
You'll get home to-night all right." 

His allusion had evidently not been a 
happy one, and brought no cheerfulness 
to the tired face. Changing the subject 
quickly he remarked: 

"I ain't had no dinner, have you?" 

She shook her head, "I don't want 
any." 

The man looked at her keenly. 'TTou 
ought to eat something. We won't get 
there till after 10 o'clock. I suppose," 
hesitating, "you wouldn't feel like com- 
ing out to get anything?" 

She shook her head again. Evidently 
she was trying to sift his motives, and out 
of the poverty of her experience could find 
no satisfactory explanation for his con- 
tinued interest. 

The man slowly buttoned up his rain 
coat, and, pushing back his cap, stood look- 
ing down on her with a quizzical expres- 
sion on his strong face. 

"It's just come to me," he said, "that 
like as not that hat and coat of mine was 
influencin' you some about dinner." His 
eyes twinkled and the girl smiled invol- 
untarily. "If my other hat and coat 
wasn't in Tacoma I'd put 'em on if it 
would make you feel any better about this 
eatJn' business." 

"Oh, no. I don't mind that, but—" 
The man filled up the pause. 

'TTou see, it's like this: I'm just get- 
tin' home after twelve months in a mighty 
dry old country. I ain't seen a decent 
mist nor drizzlie since I've been gone. I 
ain't tasted fog like this for a year. Seems 
like I could just slice it off and eat it. 



142 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



"I^m used to livin' up in the woods 
where things is green and shinin^ all win- 
ter long on account of the damp^ and Vyb 
wore these kind of clothes right along. 
This morning, when I struck the town, 
and see the fog lyin^ low on the Sound, I 
felt like I was back in God's own country, 
an' I went right out and bought me this 
slicker and cap.'' 

The girl smiled again, looking up at 
the man with new interest. Some feeling 
of fellowship had been established between 
them. 

"I like the fog, too," she said. "It 
seems to wrap you up and take care of 
you." She stopped abruptly, shunning 
the revelation which the words implied. 

The man took up the conversation. 

"Been livin' long on the Sound?" 

She dropped her eyes. "No ; my home 
was on the other side of the mountains. 
We came out from Kansas after my 
mother died, about six years ago." 

The man leaned forward, quickly recog- 
nizing, but apparently ignoring the subtle 
betrayal of her words. "Kansas! Why, 
that's where I just come from, where I 
M'as born and brought up. I thought 
there wasn't nothing like it till I come out 
here." 

■Phey talked for a little, finding some 
common interests in the section and the 
prairie life to which both had been bom. 
He saw that she was weary, and, finally 
glancing at the clock, he pulled up the 
collar of his slicker, still stiffly creased 
In its store folds. 

*TVell, if you won't come I'm goin' to 
get my dinner and bring you something 
in. And before she could reply he had 
opened the door and was gone. Left to 
herself, she cared for the child, and then 
leaned back in her chair with closed eyes. 

The man, coming quietly in with the 
tray of food, stopped for a minute within 
the door. The girl's hat had slipped back, 
making a dark background for the fair 
liair and weary, childish face. One hand 
rested on the little bundle by her side ; the 
other hung listlessly over the arm of the 
chair. As he waited, the fragrance of the 
coffee smote upon her half -conscious sense, 
and she sat up quickly, with words of 
thanks. A warm glow crept over her face 
as she ate and drank, the man, meanwhile, 
matching with friendly eyes. 



"I knew what you need better than 
you," he said, quietly. 

By the time she had finished her lunch 
other travelers began to appear, and when 
he went away with the tray a woman sit- 
ting near inquired if he were a lumber- 
man. The girl hesitated in some little 
confusion before replying, "I think so. 
He is a stranger to me." 

The woman looked surprised, turning to 
speak in a low voice to her companion. 
The girl shivered, drawing her wrap closer. 

The train was ready when he returned. 
He took the child this time as a matter 
of course, leading the way to the car and 
arranging a place for their comfort. 

She saw that he seated himself directly 
behind her, watching every motion as she 
took off her wrap, folding it to make a 
bed for the child. The train under way, 
they passed through brilliantly lighted 
streets, then over the trestles of the bay, 
and, fiiially, with greater speed, out into 
the more open country beyond. 

The girl sat looking from the window, 
filled with a sweet sense of security and 
peace. The child stirred and crie^ and 
she took it up, resting its soft face against 
her cheek. In the front of the car, a 
woman had turned in her seat and was 
watching them curiously. It was the 
same who had spoken in the station. 

The girl's mood changed. She felt 
again the darkness and despair of that 
near past, in the shadow of which she 
must ever walk. 

The matron — ^kind friend, good woman 
— ^had kissed her last week, giving 
words of strength and comfort. ^TTou are 
a good girl, Mary, a good girl ; I know it. 
If they won't let you keep baby, come 
back.'' And she was going back. There 
was nothing else to do. She could not 
be separated from the child. She would 
try another place; but in all the world 
there seemed to be no — 

The car stopped suddenly. The con- 
ductor went forward, swinging his lantern 
out into the darkness. In a few minutes 
he came back. "There's been a landslide 
'round the next curve. We won't get 
through for several hours. Any wanting 
to return to Seattle, please take the rear 
car. Passengers desiring to wait, can re- 
main in this car. If they don't clear the 
slide by morning, a train will be sent from 
Taconia to connect." 



A TEMPERED WIND. 



143 



The man leaned over, speaking reassur- 
ingly. *'It looks like Seattle was bound 
to keep Tacoma out of the game. I ain^t 
kicking, but it seems like it^s hard on you. 
If you want to go back — ^^ ^^Oh, no,'' she 
said. "I couldn't go back. I'll wait in 
the car here." 

The man nodded. "That's right. I'm 
goin' to stay right by it myself." 

The passengers filed out of the car, 
dropping complaints and anathemas by 
the way. 

The conductor came to the door again. 
'TTou're goin' to stay by it? All right. 
I'm going up the track now to see what 
I can do. I'll let you know later how 
things look. He closed the door, and the 
rear car slid away into the darlmess. 

As the sound of the retreating wheels 
died away, the girl spoke, with a shadow 
on her face. 

"Perhaps I ought to have gone back any 
way, but there wasn't any place — " 

The man interrupted her. "You done 
just right. You don't need to worry any. 
You can rest right here. I'm goin' out 
to smoke pretty quick." 

He saw that she was comfortable, in- 
sisting that she get out a shawl which she 
said she had in her bag. 

"I'm goin' now, but I'll be near if you 
want me. She slept a little, waking now 
and then to listen for the sound of the 
footsteps beside the car. Sometimes she 
could see the light of his pipe, a glow 
worm in the darkness. 

It was early morning when he came in, 
strong and fresh, with the drip of the mist 
on slicker and cap. 

"Don't you get tired walking like that ?" 
she asked. He laughed. "I'm just get- 
ting rested. I don't ask nothin' better 
of weather than this." 

He left his damp coat and cap in the 
front of the car, and sat down behind her, 
leaning over to look at the child. 

"Ain't he slept too long?" She shook 
her head, smiling. 

"I don't know much about 'em," he 
said, "never havin' any of my own. No, 
I'm not married." He laughed a little. 

"When I told my partner good-bye, 
goin' East, I told him I might likely bring 
back a wife; but when I got there I 
didn't seem to find none that just fit my 
case, and the longer I stayed the more 
company I seemed to be for myself. I 



ain't got no near relatives back there now, 
an' so about f aU it run strong in my veins 
to get back to the Sound. Sleepin' or 
walan' the mountains kept callin', and it 
seemed like I couldn't stand it if I didn't 
get way up on top of something and look 
off. So yesterday I got back just the 
same as I went, and then last night" — 
his voice shook a little, but he went on — 
"when I come into the waiting room and 
see you settin' there with the child, some- 
thin' begin to work in me new like, and 
big and strange. I've been thinkin' out 
there what's it's like. Before now I've been 
goin' through the woods, mile after mile, 
just the same, and all at once there'd be a 
clearin', an' a stretch of blue sky and 
mountains, big and white and shinin*. 
reachin' up to heaven itself. And the 
almightiness of it all'd get into me, makin' 
me feel littler than little, because I 
couldn't hold no more. 

"Do you see where them blue hills is 
showin' through the clouds? Me and my 
partner's claims right on top of that 
lowest range. I built my house on the 
edge of the bluff, an' you can sit on the 
porch and hear the river singin' and talk- 
in' down below. When it's clear, you can 
see way off to the Sound, and when iti* 
misty, the valley's like fl big blue sea, and 
the mountains shinin' on the shore. 
There's a lumber mill and a good road 
down to the line, and everything is goin' 
our way. I don't know what's happened 
since I left, for I ain't no hand to write, 
nor my partner, neither; but I know him 
all right." 

"Now you just keep watchin' the clouds 
over there, fioatin' and shiftin', an' pretty 
soon Mount Tacoma's goin' to tell you 
good morning. I don't want you to do 
iio talkin' till I get done. I've been read- 
in' your story right along in your face, 
an' in your ways to me an' to the child. 
Nobody can't tell me different. I know 
you're a good woman." 

She put up her hand, and he knew that 
she was crying. 

"Things has been workin' in me, tramp- 
in' up and down out there. If I'm not 
mistaken, you understand what I'm think- 
in' and feelin'. A voice is tellin' you and 
me the same things, an' if you'U just listen 
an' give it time, it'll speak clear and sweet 
to you like it has to me." 

"I ain't done yet. See, the mountains 



144 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



all white and pure, and the red's creepin' 
up behind it. 

'Tf ow, I^m goin* on. In Tacoma there's 
a good man I know, a preacher. He's 
be^ up in the woods. He knows me and 
he'll do everything all right, and to-mor- 
row night, after we get home, the pine 
logs'U be glowin' on the hearth and you'll 
be rockin' the child to sleep in the fire- 
light, and my partner'll be comin' in glad 
to see me and my wife from Kansas — ^an' 
— ^my child. There ain't no neighbors, 
but some wouldn't mind that if they 
wanted to be quiet and liked to keep com- 
pany with the mountains an' trees." 

She stopped him now. "I do under- 
stand. The voice has been speaking to 
me, too, about you. But I must tell you 
bec^AUse you are asking me to be your wife. 
You must let me tell you." 

The man dropped his head on the back 
of the seat. She should stand at the bar 
of no justice but that of love. 



It was a pitiful story of trust and de- 
ception. 

"I can't say anything good for myself; 
but the matron does. She says," and her 
voice thrilled with the joy of it. "She 
says I am a good girl." 

The man raised his head, reaching over 
for the little hand, still wet with the tears 
of confession. 

"You are that. I ain't nothin' like so 

good. I wisht I'd been better — for you." 
****** 

The conductor threw open the door with 
a bang. 

"They won't get through the slide be- 
fore noon; but there's a train from Ta- 
coma up the track. You've had a long 
wait. You must be tired. It isn't so 
bad, though, being all together." 

Outside the car the man held the child 
easily in the curve of his arm, and taking 
the girl's hand led her steadily on into the 
sunshine of a new day. 




A view of the Willamette River near Portland, Oreffon. Photo by H. M. Stnilh. J 



THE CITY BOYS' SWIMMING HOLE 

Tbe PuUic Batks tliat are ike Jeli^kt of tbe ampkibious 
boy aunn^ the summer months 

By E. J. Bloom 




U^m^^Mi 







%^ 't*- 



1 



All ready to plunge into the cool water. 



FOETUNATE is the man whose 
boyhood was spent in the coun- 
try. His memory is a never- 
failing storehouse upon which 
he can make generous draughts 
to soothe the careworn years of his man- 
liood. Well he remembers the midsum- 
mer days, when, at stem, parentc^l com- 
mand, he "wed'' the garden, the hot sun 
burning his back, his thoughts up.oi the 
angle of the creek where the '^swimmin' 
liole'' invited, with its screen of willows 
and its stretch of cool sand- Again he 
sees the familiar hand through the back- 
yard fence, with two fingers extended and 
slightly parted; again he dives for the 
place where* the palings are loose, and, 
Tisking a licking, sneaks through the alley 
■to join the gang bound for the ^Tiole." 



Now, as then, the country boy has the 
advantage. He still finds his way to the 
old mill pond, or the pool down by the 
big clump of willows ; but for the city boy 
much has been done to overcome the hand- 
icaps of his habitation. The munici- 
pal government, forgetful of its boyhood 
days, no longer permits indiscriminate 
swimming along the banks of the river; 
but generous men, who are mindful that 
they, too, were once boys, have contributed 
to the erection of free swimimng tanks, 
where the amphibious boy mav find every 
opportunity to follow out his inborn ten- 
dencies. In one of the larger cities of 
the Northwest this has been done, and 
has been attended with splendid results. 
Not only has a means of healthful and 
innocent amusement been provided, but 



14U 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY, 



■ 


« 


i 

'■4i 


Hpgti«»"^v ^LJrCaiJK'W^'? , ^g:k1■^ 


-El 







A hot and dirty crowd, awaiting tho openinir of the baths. 



the death rate among youngsters learning 
to swim has been greatly reduced. Thi« 
is proven by the fact that" prior to the 
establishment of the public baths the an- 
nual loss was from twenty-five to fifty 
lives, while since, the number has fallen 
almost to zero. 

These baths are well equipped for the 
purpose, and since being opened there had 
been practically no desire manifested on 



the part of the boys to return to the old 
plan. Here, with a tank thirty-five feet 
wide and a hundred feet long, and a grad- 
uated depth of from eighteen inches to 
ten feet, they can disport themselves to 
their hearts' content. 

The tank itself is wholly made up of 
slats, four inches in width, placed about 
an inch apart on the bottom and about 
two inches apart on the sides, and allows 




It would 



as if water were the natural element of the boy. 



THE CITY BOYS' SWIMMING HOLE. 



147 




In they ro» feet first, head first, splashing and playing like a sohod of porpoises. 



a constant change of water of the same 
temperature as other parts of the stream. 
The tank is surrounded by four pontoons, 
on which dressing rooms and instructors 
quarters are located. These pontoons are 
of sufficient, width so that plenty of room 



is left for a runway, springboard and 
other diving contrivances. 

The greatest number the baths have 
ever acconmiodated in one day was 2,500. 
of which 1,800 were boys. During one 
season over a thousand boys learned to 




Here the little boys disport themseWes in a shallow corner of the tank. 



148 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



swim here, and without a single serious 
accident. 

On a warm day, the baths are packed 
to suffocation. Boys of all shades of color, 
and all conditions of life, meet here on 
one common plane. 

The greatest number the baths have 
ever accommodated in one day was 
twenty-five hundred, of which eighteen 
hundred were boys. During one season 
over a thousand boys learned to swim 
here, and without a single serious acci- 
dent. 

The clang of the big gong outside the 
instructor's quarters marks the close of 
the swimming period, and then the boys 



all scamper for their dressing rooms to 
get ready for the street. Handling such 
large crowds of boys requires perfect and 
unflinching discipline, and the commands 
of the instructors are so well heeded that 
it hardly ever requires more than thirty 
seconds in which to clear the whole tank. 
Ten minutes later they are on the street, 
very wet as to hair, and going througli 
strange contortions to remove the water 
from their ears — ^the rule being to kick 
the foot on the other side. Their whole- 
hearted laughter, their bright eyes and 
clear skin are evidence enough that the 
city boys' swimming hole is an invaluable 
and much appreciated institution. 




Leaving the bathi — a cooler, oleaner and happier lot of bo7s. 



AWAKE 

Oh prisoned souls, in slumberous fetters lying, 

Who scarcely dream, so strong the chains of sleep, 

Awake! Awake! Your own soul-pinions trying. 
Shake off your slumber deep. 

The power within yon lies. Arouse to action. 
And seek the love and wisdom hid therein; 

TiU from the great AU-source, with sore attraction, 
Comes that which yon would win. 

For soul can role; and there is naught above it 
That may its growth and progress disallow. 

Oh seek within it for the power yon covet. 
And claim it, here and now! 

—Florence May Wright. 



THE BUCKET TRAMWAY 

An ingenious contrivance used hy tke farmers of tkc Palouse country to tran^ort 
tkeir pro<luctj; from ttc uplands to tlie river 

By George M, Gage 




Oeneral view from the upper terminal of the Intextor Warehouse Company't tramway, Wawawai, thow- 
tng Snake River and the famous 840-acre orchard of Wm. La FoUette. 

Photo by Hudson. 



THE grain tramwa3{ of the In- 
terior Warehouse Company, at 
Wawawai, Whitman County, 
Washington, was built in 1901, 
for conveying grain from the 
wheat lands tributary to the Snake Eiver 
bluffs over the face of the bluff to the 
steamboat landing on the river. The ele- 
vation of the upper warehouse is 1,700 
feet above the river, and the distance be- 
tween the two houses is about 5,150 feet, 
making an endless cable nearly two miles 
in length. 

The upper terminal of this tramway is 
a large cast-iron wheel, eight feet in diam- 



eter, supplied with a patent rachet grip 
that the cable passes through, and a 
smooth, band-iron grip brake for regulat- 
ing the speed of the cable. The lower 
terminal is constructed in the same man- 
ner. The farmers deliver their grain to 
the warehouse at the upper terminal, and 
the sacks are placed on the carriers and 
lowered on the cable to the house on the 
river. 

The cable is run on a gravity basis, the 
loaded carriers pulling up the empty ones. 
The lower terminal is in the tower of a 
large warehouse at the foot of the bluff, 
and grain is conveyed in chutes from this 



150 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



tower, either to dif- 
ferent sections of 
the warehouse or to 
the steamboats, as 
the case may be. 

When working at 
full capacity, ten 
hours per day, this 
tramway puts down 
200 tons of wheat. 
Regarding distance 
that grain is drawn 
to it, it may be said 
that practically all 
of the grain in a 
territory extending 
five miles out in 
three different di- 
rections from the 
upper terminal is 
taken care of by it. 
The carriers on 

this cable are about 80 feet apart. There 
are 128 carriers on the cable, so that 64 
are going down loaded, while 64 are going 
up empty. 

This tramway has proved a great suc- 
cess, and saves the farmers a haul of from 




Scene on the bloffg of the Ba&ke River, Bhowiny the oarrjin^ towers 
and buckets— one ascending* one desoendinc— of the tramway. 

Photo bj Hadson. 

10 to 15 miles over a rolling country to 
the nearest railroad station. There are 
about 50,000 sacks of wheat put down to 
the river landing over this tramway each 
season. 

When the government shall have, given 
to the Upper Colum- 
bia an unobstructed 
passage for steamers, 
and when irrigation 
shall have trans- 
formed the arid and 
semi-arid lands lying 
adjacent to it and its 
tributaries into pro- 
ductive fields, there 
will be needed many 
and many a tramway 
to carry to the river 
and the railroad by its 
side, the fruits and 
grains which will be 
grown by the thrifty 
farmers who will own 
and cultivate the 
country reclaimed and 
made fit for homes of 
thousands of peoplo. 




"The man at the brake" — scene in the upper terminal of the tramway. 

Photo by Hudson. 



THE DEACONS DILEMMA 



A remarkable tale of trampfl and trousers — tbe confusion of tke Deacon- 

tlie explanation 

By Erakine M. Hamilton 



DEACON Tracy had gone out 
to the bam to look after his 
horses, not for eggs, and when, 
in an unfortunate slip from 
the hay loft, he sat down in a 
nest full of them, the incident made him 
unhappy. He knew that eggs were made 
to be sat on — ^by hens — but when the task 
was undertaken by a respectable, middle- 
aged gentleman lie himself, it was a la- 
mentable failure. He viewed the yellow 
blotch on his Sunday drab trousers, and 
gave utterance to a few remarks. No 
matter what he said. It was not precisely 
the same speech he would have made at 
a Sunday-school convention. He removed 
the egg marks as best he could with whisps 
of straw, and then went into the house for 
further repairs from Mrs. Tracy. It was 
a Fourth of July morning, and he found 
his wife very busy in getting ready for a 
church picnic. 

"Well, I^m glad youVe come in,'' she 
remarked. "I^m in an awfid hurry, and 
I — Why, Silas Tracy! What have you 
been doing to yourself ?^^ 

^T!'ve been sitting on eggs,^^ replied the 
deacon, solemnly. 

"Sitting on eggs ? Well, I should think 
you were old enough to know better. Now 
go upstairs and put on some other clothes 
as quick as you can, for we must be go- 
ing/' 

The deacon disappeared up the stair- 
way, and presently returned, arrayed in a 
suit of black. The carriage was soon at 
the door, and the family started for the 
picnic grounds, leaving tiie farmhouse de- 
serted and alone for the day. 

Near the hour of noon two ragged, 
dusty wayfarers came plodding lazily 
along the public highway. As they came 
opposite the Tracy homestead they paused 
and looked in that direction. They were 
hungry, and the farmhouse, standing back 
from the road, in the shade of the trees, 
looked inviting, and suggested possible 
refreshment. After a moment^s discus- 



sion they turned down the lane to the 
back of the house, and stopped at the 
kitchen door. One of them, evidently an 
Irishman, approached and rapped. There 
was no reply, and he rapped again. No 
answer came, and all was silent within the 
house. 

"Whist, Dan, I'm thinkin' theyVe heard 
we was comin' to see 'em, an' have jist left 
on that account." 

"Oh, come on," growled Dan. "There's 
nobody at home, an' we can't get nothin' 
to eat here." 

"Indade, an' I'll look about a bit first," 
persisted the other. "Me own mother used 
to say to me : ^Mike, me boy, ye'U find a 
fortin some day,' an' now I've found it I'll 
step into it." 

Without further words Mike began to 
try the various windows. He soon discov- 
ered one which had been left unfastened, 
and entered the house. A moment later 
he threw open the kitchen door with a 
polite bow. 

"Come in, Mishtur Burk," he said. "Me 
family, as ye can see, have gone off to 
spind the Fourt', an' have left me to en- 
thertain gintlemin like yersilf. Come in, 
and whativer ye sees that ye like, jist take 
it. I'm that ginerous wid me friends." 

Dan accepted the proffered hospitality 
with a grim smile, and the two speedily 
made themselves at home. Mike made a 
fire in the kitchen stove, and soon had the 
teakettle sending forth jets of steam, while 
Dan went through pantry and cellar for 
provisions. The table was spread with 
Mrs. Tracy's best linen, and china from 
the closet, and our wanderers sat down to 
a sumptuous repast. Neither time nor 
expense did they spare in the banquet, and 
they enjoyed it in luxurious silence. 

"Well," said Mike, leaning back in his 
chair after eating all he could swallow, 
"it's mesilf that's glad of yer company, 
Mishtur Burk, an' I hope ye'U always 
have plinty to ate an' to wear. An' that 
makes me think," glancing down at his 



152 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



own ragged apparel, "that I^m not drissed 
as a gintleman should be whin his friends 
call to see him. So, if ye'U excuse me, Fll 
jist step up the stairs an' see if me driss 
suit is anywhere thereabouts.'* 

Without further words he ascended the 
stairway. He was gone but a short time, 
and when he came back he was clothed in 
a blue coat and vest, and drab trousers — 
the suit Deacon Tracy had taken oflf. 

*^ 'Tis a fine fit, indade !" he said, sur- 
veying himself in a mirror. "Me tailor 
be a good one. But I see there's some 
yellow paint on me trousers, or ilse a yel- 
low dog has rubbed ag'in 'em while he 
was wet." 

Dan smiled indulgently at his whimsical 
friend, and then remarked gruffly : 

"We'd better git out o' here, or the 
coves what own this place'U come back an' 
find us." 

Mike made no objection, and after clos- 
ing door and window the two set forth 
once more on their travels. 

Meanwhile, ignorant of the unusual fes- 
tivity going on at their home, the Tracy 
family were having a pleasant time at the 
picnic. Here they met many of their 
neighbors and church acquaintances. The 
place was a grove, on the bank of a small 
river, and bw^at-riding, fishing and other 
amusements were indulged in by the 
young people, while the older ones sat 
under the trees and talked. About the 
middle of the afternoon Johnny and Wil- 
lie Tracy approached their father. 

"Say, pa, won't you take us in swim- 
ming? You said you would the first 
good chance." 

The Deacon had often spoken of what 
a wonderful swimmer he was in his 
younger days, and he had, indeed, prom- 
ised his boys to give them a few lessons 
when opportunity came. The opportunity 
was here, and there was no good reason 
why he should refuse. Accordingly the 
three started off down the river to find a 
suitable place. They soon reached a spot 
remote from the picnic grounds, and free 
from probable interruption or observation. 
A large, dense clump of willows, near the 
river's bank, afforded a secluded place for 
disrobing, and in a few minutes the little 
party were in the water, enjoying them- 
selves to their hearts' content. 

A short distance from the river, and 
beyond the clump of willows, was a coun- 



try road, and down this road came two 
figures, one clad in blue coat and buff 
trousers. Mike was in advance, discours- 
ing volubly, while Dan walked silently 
behind. As they drew near the clump of 
willows the shouts and laughter on the 
other side attracted Mike's attention, and 
he stopped suddenly to listen. 

"An' what be goin' on over there, be- 
yant?" he questioned. 

**0h, come on," growled Dan. ^TTe're 
always a-stoppin' about nothin'. " 

'Indade, an' I'll see about this first 
Wasn't it me own mother as used to say 
to me, 'Mike, me b'y, it's the bird that's 
huntin' that finds the worm, an' if ye 
wants good luck, ye must look for it'." 

"Oh, bother take yer mother! Come 
on !" urged Dan. 

"Niver ye mind, Mishtur Burk. If ye 
had respicted yer mother whin ye was 
young, ye'd a been as dacint a man as 
mesilf. But ye wasn't brought up right, 
an' has no sinse to obsarve whaf s goin' on 
about ye." 

As -he spoke, the persistent Mike left 
the road, and pushed his way through the 
willows, while Dan reluctantly followed. 
They soon discovered the group in the 
water, and were about to retrace their 
steps, when Mike's keen eye saw the cloth- 
ing in the bushes. 

"Did ye iver see such luck?" he whis- 
pered exultantly. "I was thinkin' the 
way over here that thim yellow marks 
on me trousers wus not lookin' nice, an* 
the gintleman I borrowed 'em from might 
know 'em by that same. An' here the 
saints have put a fine black suit right 
under me nose. As me mother used to 
say"— 

"What in blazes do I care what yer 
mother said?" interrupted Dan, savage- 
ly. "Let the clothes alone, an' come on, 
or them coves in the river will be back 
here, an' we'll have no end of bother." 

"Be aisy, an' presarve yer timper, 
Mishtur Burk," answered Mike compos- 
edly. "An' didn't me own mother used 
to say to me: 'Mike, me b'y, if ye'U 
kape a clane skin on yer body, an' clane 
duds on yer back, ye'U niver die in the 
poorhouse." 

In vain did Dan protest. His objec- 
tions were of no avail, and even while he 
was talking Mike deftly made the ex- 
change. 



THE DEACON'S DILEMMA. 



153 



'TBegorra, Fm honest, onyhow/' said 
the latter, as they reached the road once 
more. "Me own mother used to say to 
me: ^Mike, me b'y, whativer ye does, be 
honest.' ^An' I jist took the things I 
found in these pockets an' put 'em in the 
pockets of the suit I left behind. Let 
this be a lesson to ye, Mishtur Burk. Hon- 
esty is always the best policy." 

There was no reply to this homily, and 
the two resumed their aimless wandering 
— Dan in moody silence, and Mike happy 
in the possession of a full stomach, a good 
suit of clothes, and a clear conscience. 

That Deacon Tracy and his boys had 
a good time in the river goes without 
question. The boys were overflowing with 
exuberant delight, and the Deacon forgot 
himself and became a boy once more. But 
seasons of enjoyment, like other things, 
can not last forever, and the little party 
regretfully left the water to resume their 
clothing and return to the picnic grounds. 

^T'P'ell, this has been a tip-top good 
time," said the Deacon, as they entered 
the clump of willows. "I'm real glad 
you boys thought about it. A swim like 
that makes me feel young again, and T — 
Hello! What in the world is this?" 

"What's what?" asked Johnny in sur- 
prise. 

"Why, these clothes! Look at these 
clothes'!" 

"They're your'n, ain't they?" 

"Of course they're mine," answered the 
Deacon, drawing his hand across his fore- 
head in perplexity, '^ut how did they 
get here?" 

Johnny looked at his father, and then 
at the clothes, seeing no reason for this 
perturbation. 

'^Why, pa, you put 'em there yourself, 
didn't ye?" 

"Now, Johnny, Willie, both of you," 
continued the Deacon, with a pained ex- 
pression on his countenance. "Look me 
right in the face, and tell me this: Did 
I have on that suit when I came down 
here?" 

For a moment the boys were silent. 
Had something turned their father's 
brain? 

*TVTiy — I guess you did; I don't re- 
member. Of course, you must have had 
it on," answered Johnny. But the Dea- 
con was far from satisfied. 



As soon as they could they hurried 
back to the picnic ground, where the 
Deacon at once sought Mrs. Tracy. 

"Say, Mary, do you see anytliing pe- 
culiar or strange about me?" he asked 
anxiously. 

"No, I can't say that I do," answered 
that lady, surveying him critically, "ex- 
cept you seem a bit worried, and I — ^why, 
Silas, you didn't change that suit after 
all!" 

"That's just it," said the Deacon, 
gloomily. "I thought sure I had done 
so, for I remember going upstairs for that 
purpose. But it seems I didn't and that 
is what troubles me. I have noticed lately 
I forget things, and I'm afraid my mind 
is giving away, and I'm going to have 
softening of the brain, may be, and" — 

"Softening of the brain!" and Mrs. 
Tracy laughed heartily. ^'Why, you 
haven't a bit more softening of the brain 
than I have. You simply forgot to change 
your clothes, and that's all there is to it. 
But it is strange I didn't notice it before. 
It mortifies me that you went about all 
day looking like that." 

But when the family reached home 
that evenii^g, the mystery was fully ex- 
plained. The disturbed furniture, the 
soiled dishes, the depleted pantry, and 
the ragged clothes in the closet, plainly 
indicated that tramps had visited the 
house. Mrs. Tracy's wrath was beyond 
expression, while the Deacon was cor- 
respondingly elated. The discovery had 
banished all fears as to his mental con* 
dition. 

"I know it was tramps," he said. "They 
took my clothes here, and then traded 
again by the river — and here's the proof !" 
He held up a piece of plug tobacco. 'T! 
found this in ray trousers pocket, and you 
know I never use the stuff." 

"And you a-talking of softening of the 
brain," answered Mrs. Tracy, wrathfully. 
"I wish I could have been here. I'd have 
softened the brains of those tramps with 
a rolling pin — ^that's what I would !" 

There is no doubt that the good woman 
would have kept her word, but the mis- 
chief was done, and the culprits safe from 
any such visitation of her wrath. 




The "or iwimmin' hole." where the oountry boy dellfhtt to go. 




Playing in the hot s&nd on the beaoh. 




Hesitation before the iint plunye. The water is oold, and it takes no little ooursce to "duok over.' 





lii 




**• 





"Drying off" after the swim. 



OUR NATIVE SHRUBS 



Some of tke attractive Uosaoming plants tkat migbt be used to advantage in garden and park 

By William S. Rice 



the present rate of consumption. The 
common name, "California Holly/^ re- 
fers more to the berries than to the 
leaves, as the latter have not exactly the 
form of holly leaves. This is such a 
beautifnl shrub in cultivation that it is 
a shame that it is not more generally 
employed for this purpose. It requires 
no more attention than many other plants 
which take its place on the lawn. By 
plucking the berries discriminately, one 
may obtain each year's supply of Christ- 
mas greens from the same bush. Its na- 
tive haunts are the Coast ranges from 
San Diego to Mendocino County, Cali- 
fornia, also the foothills of the Sierra 
Nevadas. 

Another beautiful shrub which arouses 
admiration even from the layman has 
been generally overlooked; and why? I 
suppose because it is "wild"; yet there 
isn't a more handsome shrub in cultiva- 
tion than the wild white Azalea of the 
Sierras. In June and July the borders 
of the Merced Eiver and other mountain 
streams are covered for miles and miles 
with the bushes, whose rich green foliage 
is almost obscured from view by the mag- 
nificent clusters of white and yellow or 
sometimes pinkish flowers. Its spicy per- 
fume breathes of the "forest primeval," 
and suggests days spent with rod and 
line along woodland streams. 

Productive of as much pleasure would 
be a bush of Manzanita. Fancy a bush 
of this character in full bloom about 
Christmas, when its dense crown of pale 
foliage, surmounting the rich purple- 
brown stems, is thickly sown with the lit- 
tle clusters of fragrant, waxen bells. After 
the blossoms are gone, numerous brilliant 
scarlet or crimson shoots appear, which at 
a little distance look like another kind of 
blossom. The Manzanita grows from 
three to twenty-two feet in height; and, 
aside from its blossoms, its limbs and 
bark are very attractive in color, ranging 
from a terra cotta to rich crimson and 
orange. 

Who has not admired the soft, gray. 




The dainty tasMlt of the Swamp Alder. 

IT IS a matter of frequent regret that 
our native shrubs are not more 
generally employed in laying out 
gardens about our homes and in 
public parks. Possibly this is be- 
cause we too often leave that important 
work entirely to the hands of the land- 
scape gardener, instead of personally su- 
pervising the planting of the home gar- 
dens, and imparting an air or individ- 
uality to the work. 

I remember what a thrill of pleasure 
was experienced only a short time ago on 
seeing on the lawn of a small cottage :i 
handsome, robust bush of the Christmas 
berry (Toyon) bedecked with clusters 
upon clusters of creamy white blossoms. 
I thought at the time, what a joy that 
same bush will be to its owner next De- 
cember when all those blossoms are re- 
placed by scarlet berries! 

This handsome shrub is in danger of 
extermination if its berries and foliage 
continue to be used year after year at 



158 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



silky buds of the pussy willow, in early 
spring, swelling with the vernal impulse 
and ripening later into a "catkin" loaded 
with golden pollen? Yet who has ever 
raised a tree of this same willow in their 
back yard? Strange, when it grows from 
cuttings so easily and will flourish any- 
where with scarcely any attention. A twig 
placed in a bottle of water for several 
weeks will gradually send out tiny white 
roots at the base, and by and by, after 
being set in the ground outdoors, it will 
produce a handsome bush which year 
after year will give you a whole family 



tassels, which dust their pollen in golden 
clouds on every passing breeze. 

In conclusion, I must say that when 
the plant lover has plenty of space at his 
disposal, it is advisable to keep the wild 
shrubs and herbaceous plants by them- 
selves; in other words, to plant a wild- 
flower garden and have in it only wild 
species of plant life. I remember a gar- 
den I once had the pleasure of visiting, 
which to my mind was the most interest- 
ing ever seen. A giant pine or two 
shaded the whole yard. Under the 
branches a rustic arbor was built, and at 



: '-^^ Jit- - ^ 




IW^ Vj^ 




^SBR^ 





The dalioate blossoms of the C&lifomU Az&lea (Rhododendron Oooidentales) . 



of silky "pussies." The pussy, or Glau- 
cous willow, has pleasing leaves, and is a 
truly ornamental tree in its native haunts 
along streams. 

Found in the same locality as the pussy 
willow is the common swamp Alder. It 
is a low shrub, probably from six to eight 
feet in height. Its buds are among the 
first to answer the call of the vernal sea- 
son. All through the fall and winter — 
in fact, as soon as the leaves have fallen 
— the alder bushes are covered with firm, 
crimson-tipped, green catkins, which 
hang stiffly from the stems. Now when 
spring rouses the buds from their leth- 
argy, these same stiff little catkins loosen 
their joints and become dainty, flexible 



various places rocks had been artfully 
placed. The beds were covered with 
every conceivable species of fern, wild 
ginger, and other denizens of the moun- 
tains, which were allowed to grow in rank 
profusion. A winding path led to the 
arbor which was half concealed by a fes- 
toon of wild Clematis and Virginia 
Creeper. 

The beauties of the woodland were thus 
brought home to the very door, and it re- 
quired a very slight stretch of the imagi- 
nation to fancy that one was miles away 
from civilization, while lounging upon 
the rustic seat in the arbor beneath the 
pines. 



"EXTRA WEST 667" 



A mad ride to deatk — tke courage and keroic faitkfulneflfl oi a train cre'w 

By Myrvin Davis 



ALL day the snow had fallen, 
slowly, steadily, whispering 
into the long reed grass of 
the hollows, weighing down 
the branches of the bull pine 
and fir on the ridges; but the men on 
"Extra West 667'' thought nothing of it, 
only to jerk it out of their collars and mit- 
tens, swearing picturesquely. 

They were loaded with steel for the 
Clearwater extension; twenty-one cars, a 
full train, with a double-header. The cars, 
loaded to twenty, thirty, fifty per cent 
over their capacity, with the clinging, 
springing steel, were hard to draw and 
hard to hold, slipping a little on the down 
grades to loosen the dogs on the hard-set 
brakes, rocking a bit under the brakeman's 
feet as he passed back and forth to watch 
them. All trainmen know what steel is, 
and on the hills they are afraid of it. 

'^361'' was the second engine, a trim- 
built Santa Fe, a half-breed Baldwin, 
high on her drivers, a sprinter of the old 
passenger service before the compounds 
came, fast, but light for freight. "667'' 
was the head engine, and handled the air. 
She was a Baldwin standard. Dick ran 
361. Bums was on 667. Cool men they 
were, who knew danger, but not fear. 

Thus they went through the drowsy 
half-light of the snow-fiUed afternoon, 
and the children in the schoolhouses, far 
apart, watched them going, steaming 
easily, as they rolled with muffled wheels 
through the growing whiteness. 

The eariy night came down quickly and 
caught them on the bench just below Mos- 
cow, before they reached Howell, at the 
top of the hill. They call it a hill, those 
careless railroad men, careless of word, 
but watchful of brake and signal. It 
drops a hundred feet to the mile, and a 
sled would run down between the rarls on 
a winter's day like a scared coyote. But 
the boys were not paid for mountain work 
there, and will not honor it with the name. 
When they reached Vollmer, some three 
miles down the hill, they stopped for or- 



ders. The air whispered softly through 
to the stuttering brakes, the trainmen 
rolled out with their lanterns, sniflSng for 
hot boxes, damning the snow and a soul- 
less corporation. Then, signalling each 
to each in answer to the high-sign from 
the platform, the engines puflFed once or 
twice, and slid out on to the snow-covered 
gradft blinding white in the glare of the 
headlight, with the snow blown from the 
bench a thousand feet above. 

In the cupola of the caboose Gurtin 
watched the snow-dust following the light, 
dancing and leaping, mad with the rush 
and the tumult. Under the feet of the 
brakemen as they double-clubbed the 
brakes, the treacherous steel slipped and 
slid under its covering of snow. It was 
slippery work on a slippery track. At 
each stride they were going faster. Be- 
fore they reached the flat they were mak- 
ing thirty miles an hour without a pound 
of steam. Ten miles is the limit. The 
"flat" is an easier grade with nothing flat 
about it; but they had thought to hold 
them there, should they get a start, and 
now the men on the engines knew they 
were in for it. Bums, on 667, clapped on 
the air hard, then let go for another 
charge^ but the retainers were not turned 
up, and he felt that he couldn't hold them. 
He tried again, then gave over the air to 
Dick, whistling change of air. 

Then Dick gave it to them all he could 
send; the brakes gripped and ground on 
the steaming wheels, but they couldn't 
hold ; nothing held. They were dropping 
straight into the canyon, fifty miles an 
hour now, and trains don't stop on a 
mountain grade when they once get 
stari:ed at that rate. Guri:in and his 
brakeman in the caboose knew it, and they 
cut her loose and held her with the hand 
brakes, as the unlighted cars lashed into 
the night, dropping straight as raindrops, 
driving the straining engines. The snow 
was oil to thoir wheels, as it ran in water 
from brake and rail. Nothing could stop 
them but the cessation of the force, that. 



160 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



swinging worlds, was drawing back to 
their motber^s beart tbe drivers and the 
driven. 

As they rounded a curve four rear cars 
snapped oflf, as a boy snaps tbe "popper^' 
from his riding whip, and went whirling 
into tbe canyon below. Dick heard them 
go, and knowing be was lighter by sixty 
tons, ishot the air into them, and sent his 
brakeman back to club the brakes again. 
It was a frightful task, but knuckling to 
it on hands and knees, be crept from car 
to car, calmly, fiercely, lajdng in with his 
brake club, fighting for his life, bravely, 
with those ahead in the steam-filled cabs. 

Down, down they shot, rounding curve 
after curve on the winding track. At 
each they thought they were gone; as each 
was past, their hope would rise again, for 
they thought perhaps she would ride it 
out. Both engineers had thrown their en- 
gines over, and were working full steam 
with tbe great drivers, gleaming, gripping, 
gliding over the slippery rails, dropping 
as a spun top drops from your hand. 

The sleepers in the canyon a hundred 
feet below, waking, heard the roar of the 
train, and saw the light as the brakes, 
shooting and streaming fire, clutched and 
clutched again, lighting the blank walls 
above them — so near you could reach them 
with your hand — ^and throwing into 
shadow the sheer fall below. As a flash 
it was gone, and they wondered and slept 
again. 

It was twelve miles from Vollmer to 
Kendrick, at the foot of the grade. They 
had started slowly. But it was only nine 
minutes after they had started until the 
watchers at Kendrick, hearing the roar 
of the train, came out to wait below the 
last curve. They heard Bums whistle 
for Pine Siding, three miles above, but 
before they had run the few feet from the 
station to the curve, she was thera 

Just above this last curve the road is 
straight for a ways. Hold your left arm 
out, half close your hand and you have it ; 



the road makes a complete half -circle into 
the yards. Just above this curve is the 
whistle post for the coimty road crossing. 
Burns, blinded with the whirling, roaring 
torrent of steam and snow, did not see it, 
but Dick knew it was there, and when he 
felt the curve leap under him he whistled,, 
one long, two short; his defiance to fear 
and death. For, just as 667 struck the 
point of the curve, the track melted from 
under them, the rails snapped and curled 
like broken hair, and out went ties and 
ballast, rails and braces, Uke dust beneath 
the mighty weight of the driven drivers. 
Oh! how they leaped to it; like lions at 
a hunting. There was no time for stum- 
bling, nor noise of bumping cars or ring- 
ing steel ; but as one mighty burst of thun- 
der, followed by the hissing of the rain, so 
they crashed. With one mighty bound, 
and sidling as they leaped, as graybounds 
clear the hedges, the engines cleared the 
two hundred feet of rock-strewn slope 
down to the Potlatch and across it, and 
the flying, ringing steel came after, twist- 
ing, bending. As one would throw 
matches from a saucer, they left the cars 
and leaped upon the throbbing engines, 
heaped high in wild confusion, damming 
the river in its course. Then over all 
came silence and the hissing of the en- 
gines. 

The five men who had fought through 
the fearful, roaring blindness, calm to i£e 
last, died at the throttle and at the brake, 
hoping yet to hold the train when the last 
curve was passed. Nobly had they fought, 
and as the wires clicked it east and west 
the crews of other trains and engines^ 
waiting here for orders, there for trains, 
heard it and knew all that it meant, and 
were silent at the awfulness of it. Yet, 
as when soldiers hear of comrades slain 
in battles fought and won, they felt a 
fierce gladness mingled with the pain, and 
their work was a more sacred thing for the 
lives that it had taken. 



TRUTH 

Trutli, like the kernel of a nut. 

Within its sheU of error lies; 
This hard encasement you must break 

Before you reach the hidden prize. 

Take care that in the sheU abusing 
Ton injure not the nut past using. 
^Donald A. Fraser. 



CHINESE MUSIC AND MUSICAL 
INSTRUMENTS 

By Albert Gale, Director of Music, University of Waskington 




I-FOST OS TCHOU. 

TO most people of the Occident 
the music of the Orient makes 
little or no appeal except from 
the standpoint of novelty. The 
casual listener hears nothing 
but a succession of squeaking sounds, 
scraped out seemingly at random, inter- 
spersed with the crashing of cymbals and 
the pounding of drimis 
and gongs. But to the 
student of music, es- 
pecially if he has stud- 
ied somewhat the na- 
tional characteristics, 
this confusion o f 
sounds, at first mean- 
ingless, begins after 
several hearings to re- 
veal beneath its rough 
exterior many gems of 
exceeding worth and 
beauty. The following 
native description of a 
Chinese melody gives 
some idea of how its 
beauties appeal t o 
him: "Softly, as the 
murmur of whispered 
words; now loud and 
soft together, like the 
patter of pearis and 




creations, 
melodic 



pearlets dropping upon a mar- 
ble dish; or liquid, like the 
warbling of the mango bird in 
the bush; trickling, like the 
streamlet on its downward 
course; and then like the tor- 
rent, stilled by the grip of the 
frost." 

Many of our best composers 
have considered the study of 
national music of great import- 
ance and have been glad of its 
influence upon their musical 
Its many unique rythmic and 
fancies offer suggestions to 



y^ 




CHENG. 



TAI-KU. 

the thoughtful musician, while the instru- 
ments upon which it is performed, though 
usually of harsh and strident tone, oft- 
times embody points of ingenuity which 
might well be adopted in further perfect- 
ing our own. From the remotest periods. 



162 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




TAI-DET. 



the Chinese have had 
a musical system. Ear- 
lier than 3000 B. C. 
the development of 
their musical scale 
was begim. This scale 
has for its foundation 
many phenomena of 
nature. The relation- 
ship between heaven 
and earth, which the 
Chinese claim is an 
harmonious one, is 
fundamental in estab- 
lishing the relation- 
ship of a perfect fifth, 
which, when succes- 
sively developed, gives 
the twelve tones of the 
Chinese scale. In this 
development heaven is 
represented by the fig- 
ure 3, while the figure 
2 is the symbol of 



earth. By cut- 
ting a series 
f bamboos, 
each of which 
is two thirds 
the length of 
the next lon- 
ger, the scale ^^ 
tones are de- \, 
rived. It is T 
interesting to "^ 
note that this 
system of 
scale develop- 
ment, which 
has been known to the Chinaman for cen- 
turies, is the foundation of our present- 
day system of piano tuning; the only dif- 
ference being that in our tuning we em- 
body an imperfection in each fifth, so that 
the completed circle of fifths will be 
equally tempered, while the Chinaman in- 
sists on tuning his absolutely perfect ac- 
cording to theory, and therefore has as a 




BEN-KOW OS FA&-KOW. 




KINO. 



CHIXESE MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. 



163 




BON-KU OS 8ACKU. 

result a scale musically out of tune. These 
twelve tones represent to him the twelve 
moons, also the twelve hours of the day, 
and as they are developed strictly in the 
relation of 2 to 3, and therefore in accord 
with the principles which nature has sug- 
gested, they must be accepted as absolutely 
perfect, even if out of tune. 

The perfect accord of this scale of 
twelve tones with nature is given in the 
story about Lvng-lun, a famous musician 
who lived in the reign of Hoang-tu and 
was chosen by that ruler to determine 
upon a fixed system of musical sounds. 
Scarcely knowing how to proceed, Lyng- 
lun wandered into the land of Li-joung, 



where were to be found the most perfect 
growths of bamboo. Selecting one of them 
he cut it off between the joints and remov- 
mg the pith, blew into it. It so happened 
that the sound given out was in unison 
with the tone of his speaking voice, and 
with the sound of the running waters 
of the river Hoang-ho, which was close 
by. "Behold, then,'' cried Lyng-lun, *'the 
fundamental sound of nature ! This must 
be the note from which all others are de- 
rived.'' Just at this time 
the magic bird, Foung- 
hoang, accompanied by 
its mate, flew into a tree 
near by and began to 
s:ing. The first note was 
'n unison with the voice 
i)f Lyng-lun, and with 
ihe sound of the river 
Hoang-ho and with the 
1 lamboo he had cut. Sud- 
denly all the other birds 
reased their singing and 
t'ven the winds of the 
I'arth were hushed while 
Lyng-lun busied himself 
f^utting reeds of various 
lengths and tuning them 
to the tones given by the 
birds Foung-hoang and 
his mate. Each san? six 
different tones, which, 
when placed on the bam- 
boo pipes, gave a succes- 
sion of twelve notes. The 
notes of odd numbers 
which were given by the 
mate were pronounced 
perfect, and those of the 
even numbers, or fenuile, 
imperfect. The chromat- 
ic scale as here given is 
used by the Chinese only 
in instrumental music; vocal music and 
the instrumental accompaniment to it is 
always in the pentatonic scale. This is a 
scale the five tones of which bear the same 
relations to each other as do the notes 





P'l-P'A. 




SAM-YEN. 



164 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



upon the black keys 
of the piano. No 
harmony is intro- 
duced in their mu- 
sic, all the instru- 
ments playing in unison, the voice taking 
a sort of improvised part in falsetto, em- 





OUT- 

])loying mostly the tonic and dominant 
tones. 

The instruments of the Chinese are di- 
vided into eight classes each representing 
a distinct tone quality. Similarly as we 



WAVO-JORK. 

recognize the tone qualities of strings, 
flutes, brass, double and single reeds; so 
the Chinaman classifies his instruments as 
having the sound of stone, of skin, of 
wood, of metal, of bamboo, of gourd, of 





HSUEN. 

silk, or of baked earth. The sound of stone 
is described as being "less tart and rasp- 
ing than the sound of metal, much 
brighter than the sound of wood, and more 
brilliant and sweet than either.^' The 
king, an instrument possessed by every 

The ChinoM Chromatio Scale. 

Confucian and Imperial temple, and one 
from which this quality of tone is ex- 
tracted, was in use 2200 years before 
Christ. It consists of two rows of eight 




OA-YEN. 



CHINESE MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. 



166 




n *.-^V \ 



'■^■Tv;';'' 




SE-O-LO. 



DAI-LO. 

stones each, sus- 
pended in a frame 
and played by strik- 
ing with a small 
mallet. It is sound- 
ed in the temples 
during the burning 
f incense and 
played as an accom- 
paniment to the 
songs of praise. 

Eight different 
kinds of drums give 
the sound of skin, in one of which — ^the 
j^O'fou — ^the sound is modified by first 
boiling the skins for the heads in water, 
«nd partly filling 
■the body of the 
drum with husks of 
rice to mellow the 
^ound. The Chi- 
nese name for drum 
is Icou, The ten- 
Tcou or far-Jcou, a 
■small temple drum 
upon the heads of 
which are depicted 
•certain beasts and 
dragons, is of in- 
definite pitch. It is 



used by the Buddhist priests 
to gain the ear of the gods 
for their prayers. 

The bon-ku or sac-ku and 
the two sizes of tai-ku are 
of definite pitch, the small 
ini-ku being an octave be- 
low the hon-ku and a fourth 
above the larger tai-ku, 
which is of older type and 
less frequently used. The 
skin covering of these drums 
is from the "water ox," as 
the Chinamen call it. The 
skin is stretched on very 
tightly while wet; and the 
vibrating surface being com- 
paratively small, the sound 
given out after the skin is 
dry is consequently very 
acute and entirely unlike 
that of any drum used by 
Europeans. As the vibrat- 
ing surface of the hon-ku is 
only about one and a half 
inches, it requires great 
skill to play it. The parts 
taken on this drum are very 
rapid and are played by the 
leader of the orchestra who 
also plays the ho-go-y at- 
tached to the same stand. The pitch of 
the ho-go-y is the same as that of the 
small iai-ku. As it is of wood, we have 
exemplified in it another one of the Chi- 
nese tone qualities. 

Another interesting instrument giving 
the tone quality of wood is known as the 



WANO-THEO. 




WO-KIIC. 



im 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 

'- A FAVORITE ORCHtSTRALTHEMt- 



X 



M 



ou. It is in the fomi 
of a crouching tiger 
having teeth on its 
back which are scraped 
with a rod. Origi- 
nally these teeth were 
but six in number, 
and were tuned to the 
five notes of the pen- 
tatonic scale and the 
octave of the first ; but 
its use at the present 
day is only as a 
n^hmic instrument, 
the teeth now num- 
bering twenty - seven, 
without definite tun- 
ings. 

For the tone of 
metal, they have many 
kinds of bells, gongs 
and cymbals. The Chi- 
nese name for bell is tchung 
ichung is an instrument precisely like the 
king except that the sixi:een stones are re- 
placed by bells which are tuned, as are the 



THE SAME MtUODY m 
CHIlHtSt NOT/VTIOM ^ 



n 



/fco^c 









X 



Uak 



X 



.%\ 



Jk 



J; 
U 



-(tc 



The pien- 




MARLORAH. 



stones of the king, to 
the twelve perfect in* 
tervals or liis of the 
octave. 

The mar-lo-rah or 
^Ti o r s e gong" was 
much used in China in 
ancient war times. Its 
use at present is in 
the temple orchestras 
and occasionally in the 
theaters, where its 
special prerogative is 
to depict scenes of ter- 
ror. It is struck with 
a stick muffled with 
rags, and whether the 
blow be heavy or light, 
it always causes a 
shudder. This instru- 
ment has been intro- 
duced with telling ef- 
fect by Cherubini in his Re- 
quiem in C minor, also by 
Meyerbeer in "Robert le 
Diable/' and by other Euro- 
pean composers. 

I'port and tchou 
are names given by the 
Chinese to the huge 
pair of cymbals which 
forms a principal part 
of every Chinese or- 
chestra. These cym- 
bals are about thirty 
inches in diameter, and 
though large and cum- ^ 
bersomc, they are han- 
dled with a skill that 
shows plainly the Chi- 
naman's knowledge of the proper 
cymbal tone and how to produce 
it. For the sound of bamboo, the 
Chinese have several kinds of 
flutes and pan-pipes. The tone 
quality of those flutes, however, is 
very different from that of Euro- 
pean flutes, having a very marked 
reedy quality, produced by cov- 
ering an extra orifice below the 
embouchure with a piece of thin 
tissue-like lining taken from the 
inside of tlie bamboo. They have 




CHINESE MUSIC AND MUSICAL IXSTEUMENTS. 



167 



TAI-KU, 



six finger holes, giving 
the diatonic scale. 

Another instrument 
coming under this head is 
the det'toi or so-na, an 
instrument of the double- 
reed class similar to the 
oboe used in the modem 
orchestra, but of much 
harsher tone. In playing 
this type of instrument, 
the Oriental musicians 
have acquired a knack 
that might be adopted to 
advantage by our double- 
reed players — that of 
breathing without inter- 
rupting the playing. This 
instrument is a great fa- 
vorite among the Chinese 
as is also the tai-det, 
which is simply a size larger. They are 
used on all sorts of occasions, whether of 
sorrowing or rejoicing. 

For the sound of gourd, the Chinese 
have an instrument called the cheng. It 
consists of a hollow gourd, serving as a 
wind chest and supporting twenty-one 
bamboo tubes, seventeen of which are 
fitted with free metal reeds. By stopping 
the single fijiger hole provided in each 
tube, the reed within is caused to vibrate. 
It is played by inhaling the breath rather 
than exhaling. Its use at present is con- 
fined to the orchestras of the Confucian 
ceremonies. It is of great antiquity; in 
fact, it is one of the most ancient of east- 
em instruments. 

The sound of silk is extracted from 
a great variety of instruments, all of 
those having silken strings coming under 
this head. In the Chinese ga-yen or 
ur-heen, as it is sometimes called, we 
find preserved in nearly every detail 
the ancient ravanstron of India> which 
was probably the earliest of stringed 
instruments played with a bow, and the 




one from which our vio- 
lin is a direct descendant. 
In this instrument, the 
body is of heavy bamboo 
covered with skin from 
the tan snake. The neck 
is of swan wood tipped 
with bone. The two silk 
strings are tuned a fifth 
apart, the same as in the 
modern violin, but with 
the bow hair passing be- 
tween in such a manner 
that by pressure of the 
middle finger of the right 
hand upon the hair, 
either string can be 
played at will. The left 
hand in playing occupies 
a position corresponding 
to the "second'^ used by 
violinists, leaving out the two notes usu- 
ally played by the first finger and giving 
consequently the pentatonic scale. The 
Chinaman rosins his bow as he plays 
from a lump placed on the body of the 
instmment. The wo-Jcim is precisely like 
the ga-yen, except that in the wo-kim the 
sounding body is larger and the snake 
skin covering of the ga-yen is replaced by 
a thin piece of wood. 

The gut-kim or "moon harp'' is of swan- 
che wood left in an unvarnished state that 
its tone may be unimpaired. Its four 
silken strings are tuned in pairs a fifth 
apart corresponding to the tuning of the 
ga-yen and wo-kim. For sostenuto effects, 
the Chinese use a vibrato method like that 
in mandolin playing, picking the strings 
with the finger nails which the performer 
wears long for the purpose. 

In the sam-yen the body and neck are of 
swan-wood with three pegs of orange wood. 
The top and bottom of the body are cov- 
ered with tan snake skin. The instru- 
ment is without frets. The three silken 
strings are tuned in fifths and are played 



- A CHINLSE WLLODY WITH MODERN HARMONitS- 6\httt flcdie. 



168 THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 

^ CHWESt THWE UPON WHICH WEBiR'S TURMiOOT OVERTURE \S FOUHOEt)- 




with the vibrato effect the same as the 
gut'kim. 

The pH-p'a, or balloon-shaped guitar, 
is made of wootung wood, and, like the 
gut'him, is left unvarnished. The four 
silk strings are tuned as fourth, fifth and 
octave from the lowest. Twelve slips of 
bamboo glued to the body serve as frets 
and give the pentatonic scale. The bone 
scallops upon the neck are not used in 
playing. The p'i-p'a finds its most fre- 
quent use in the southern part of China, 
where it is the favorite instrument of the 
minstrels and ballad singers. It is also 
played a great deal by the Chinese women. 

We may get some idea of the esteem in 
which music is held in China from the 
saying of the Emperor Tschun, about 2300 
B. C, "Teach the children of the great; 
thereby reached through thy care they 
will become mild and reasonable, and the 
unmanageable ones able to receive digni- 
ties without arrogance or assumption. This 
teaching must thou embody in poems, and 
sing them therewith to suitable melodies 
and with the play of instrumental accom- 
paniment. The music must follow the 
sense of the words ; if they are simple and 
natural, then also must the music be easy, 
unforced and without pretention. Music 
is the expression of soul-feeling. If now 



the soul of the musician be virtuous, so 
also will his music become noble and full 
of virtuous expression, and will set the 
souls of men in union with those of the 
spirits in heaven.^^ (Quoted by Ambrose.) 
Although the Chinese have a system of 
musical notation, their orchestras play en- 
tirely without notes, and when one con- 
siders the small amount of playing that, 
some of them do, the exactness and unity 
which characterizes their performance ifr 
quite marvelous. Especially is this true 
of the percussion players. Rythmic ef^ 
fects which would put to shame our most 
vaunted rag-times are played with a pre-^ 
cision that might well serve as an object^ 
lesson to many of our bunglers on drum 
and cymbal. As to the melodies, they are- 
intensely fascinating after one has be* 
come thoroughly imbued with their spirit. 
These melodies, when given out by the 
strident tones of the ga-yen and wo-kim^ 
sprinkled, as it were, with the reiterated 
pizzicato tones from the gut-Jcim and sam- 
yen, and tempered with the sweet though 
odd, shimmering notes of the reedy flutes,, 
give an effect totally unlike that produced 
by the music of any other nationality. It 
is music that to the initiated is bewitch- 
ingly beautiful. 




THE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION 



Some of tke inciJents Tirliick made tlie convention at St. Louis tke 
mo«t dramatic beU \>y any political party of recent years 

By Cliarles Erskine Scott ^^ooA 



PHILOSOPHERS who study hu- 
man nature either laugh or 
weep. Democritus laughed *, 
Christ wept. The Democratic 
Convention was cause for laugh- 
ter and for tears. So was the Republican 
Convention. So is every National con- 
vention. 

The monkeyishness of it ! Men scream- 
ing and chattering they knew not why, 
save that others were screaming and chat- 
tering, too. The childishness of it ! Men 
dancing and jumping on chairs, parading 
about with banners and flags, drunk with 
the unintelligent, emotional frenzy of a 
campmeeting. The claptrap stage ma- 
chinery of it! 

- , For example, Judge 

Parkers ^ Parker was nominated 

Nomination ^y Martin Littleton in 

a florid speech of rhetoric and epigram- 
matic platitudes, one of which was, "He 
is the servant of the party, not its mas- 
ter,^* rudely shattered by Judge Parker's 
telegram supplying a gold plank to the 
platform, which the convention had care- 
fully omitted. At the close of this speech, 
there was a very evident stage preparation 
for a popular outburst. Men were sta- 
tioned here and there to begin it and spur 
it on, waving flags and yelling. When it 
showed a tendency to subside, new devices 
were resorted to, — parade of delegates, or 
a fresh outburst from the band. Again 
and again, as it showed signs of a natural 
death, it was galvanized by some fresh 
feature sprung upon the audience with all 
the stupid skill of the manager of a new 
comic opera. By these means the uproar 
was kept going twenty-nine minutes, I 
think. I will not pretend to be exact on 
so important a matter, as gentlemen on the 
platform timed these explosions carefully, 
and gravely announced, "CockrelFs dem- 
onstration lasted ten minutes longer than 
Parker^s,^^ and seemed jubilant. So of 
each outbreak for each nominee; his ad- 
herents made desperate efforts to break 



the record in minutes of insensate yelling. 
Much of it was started to new bursts by 
messenger boys and youths, admitted with 
their elders, who yelled for the boys' pure 
love of noise. The real anxiety of each 
band of partisans to keep its "demonstra- 
tion'^ going longer than the other fellow's 
suggested that candidates could be chosen 
on the theory that the longest fit of child- 
ish and senseless yelling should be the 
decisive factor — as Judge Bridlegoose gave 
his decision to the lawyer with the heaviest 
load of books. In truth, to Judge Parker, 
as to each nominee, there was a natural 
outburst of applause, limited in its extent, 
and which, though prolonged by tactics, 
could not be made universal. There was 
just one outburst for a candidate which 
was spontaneous, universal and spontan- 
eously prolonged: that was for Senator 
Cockrell of Missouri, who, when the votes 
were counted, got just forty-one votes. So 
much for the value of yelling. 

There was only one man in the conven- 
tion who, every day, at every hour of the 
day, in season and out of season, was 
hailed by an applause so spontaneous that 
it seemed as if every one of the twelve 
thousand acted on the same instant, and 
^ , so prolonged that only 

Oryans^ j^jg ^^j^ efforts to re- 

Fopulanty g^^j.^ ^j.^^^ produced 

the desired silence. Tliis was Mr. Bryan. 
The difference between his reception and 
all others was as the difference between 
musketry which rattles with increasing 
volume as the men catch the order, and an 
instantaneous overwhelming clap of thun- 
der near by. No one could be blind to the 
fact that, though he was overwhelmingly 
beaten in the convention, and all the world 
knew it, yet if popularity had been the 
test, he would have swept the New York 
delegation and their friends like straws 
in the vdnd. 

The Chicago Chronicle, in formally be- 
coming a Republican paper, said (July 
12) : "When one thousand men repre- 



THE TACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Kayor MoClellan of New York, Tammany's ohoioe for the 
Democratic candidacy. 



senting the Democrats of the United 
States, most of them chosen with much 
difficulty as representatives of what is 
called conservative Democracy, permit a 
mere demagogue to bully them into wrong- 
doing, it must be that the demagogue is 
greater than the party /^ 

Certainly the impression l6ft on me in- 
dividually is that when Mr. Bryan retired 
from the convention, exhausted, sick and 
defeated, he was and is the biggest man in 
the party, and more a power than ever. 
Nor is the reason a secret. He has the 
courage of his convictions. He is out- 
spoken. He uses no trickery or subter- 
fuge, but all men may plainly see his 
course and hear his views. He stands for 
the plain people — the masses. He fears 
a plutocratic oligarchy and the fall of 
free democratic government, and he is not 
afraid to say so. That is why he is 
"greater than his party,'' as the Chronicle 
chooses to put it. 

It has become plain to a great many 



people that we are fol- 
lowing the path of every 
other republic in history. 
Wealth will and does 
govern, and our wealth 
is rapidly gravitating by 
legal monopolies and 
privileges into the hands 
of a few who can and 
will dictate to the many, 
or rather, will wield the 
powers of government 
over the many. 

The cry of "dema- 
gogue" no longer fright- 
ens men from saying this 
truth, and the courage 
of Bryan is one reason 
why others are not afraid. 
True, he mistakes the 
remedy, in my opinion, 
when he proposes free 
coinage of silver at six- 
teen to one, rather than 
absolutely free money 
and free banking, all 
laws removed and the 
economic force left to 
adjust itself by natural 
laws, or when he pro- 
poses state ownership of 
railroads. But assuming 
that he is mistaken in a 
particular remedy, there are millions who 
say to themselves, "His effort is for the 
greater freedom and prosperity of the 
masses, and better a mistake in the effort 
than no effort" "Better a loss of pros- 
perity in an experiment than a loss of 
freedom.'' "Prosperity may be regained, 
freedom can not." Such thoughts as these 
are now in the minds of millions who used 
to hoot at Mr. Bryan as a young dema- 
gogue. The small banker is beginning 
to see that he, too, will have his day and 
be swallowed. Where are the hundreds 
of competing railroads of twenty years 
ago ? Where the thousands of Democratic 
neswpapers? Where the thousands of in- 
dependent banks? 

The tendency to centralization of all 
property is clear, and 
Plutocracy in one lifetime it has 

become apparent that 
there is no avenue of wealth which can be 
traversed by any man without crossing 
the path of a few men of great power, as 
Mr. Rockefeller, Mr. Rogers, Mr. Morgan. 



THE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



171 



Mr. Eockefeller, to me, is only a type, 
only a piece on the human chessboard. I 
view him simply as a product of our laws 
and conditions. Knowing that it has al- 
ways been the wealth which has ruled 
every country, and that that country is 
most democratic where the wealth is by 
natural causes distributed according to in- 
di^ddual effort, I object to the concen- 
trated wealth of Mr. Eockefeller and of 
such as he, as a menace to democratic lib- 
erty. I object because such wealth is not 
the natural reward of individual effort, 
but of laws which permit monopolies, and 
I would annul the laws which send a mo- 
nopolistic flow of wealth toward this oli- 
garchy. Such, I take it, is Mr. Bryan's 
view. He has no personal hatred for in- 
dividuals, but he fears for democratic free- 
dom. In honesty of intent, he seeks a 
remedy; others seek other remedies. But 
the remedies are all untried and must be 
uncertain till tried. Yet something must 
be done, so the particular remedies sink 
into comparative insignificance compared 
with the great danger which millions of 
common men are fearing more and more 
every day. In Mr. Bryan they see a fear- 
less leader, a sincere man, a man who has 
surrendered all ambitions rather than sur- 
render his principles; a man who, like 
Lincoln, is a great commoner, casting his 
lot with the plain people, becoming, by his 
eloquence and ability, their champion, 
whose clear aim, whatever may be his the- 
ories, is that there shall be a government 
of the people, by the people, for the people. 

You can not down such a man by a de- 
feat in a convention, nor by his death, be- 
caust the man is a cause. It is the inevita- 
ble struggle, and another Moses for the 
people will rise up. 

I believe that Mr. Bryan is stronger to- 
day than he ever was, and that if he can 
become the apostle of a sound theory for 
economic freedom, he will, if he lives, yet 
lead a revolution at the polls. The force of 
character is invisible, but irresistible. 
There is scarcely a child in the land who 
could not have told the difference between 
Mr. Hill and Mr. Bryan in the convention. 
One is a shifty politician — a "peanut" 
politician, if you please. His creed is 

■^get votes. '^ If vou 
yan— ^ 

a Contraat 



Hfll and Bryan- ^^^^ ^ belief, give it up 



and suppress it, if it 
may frighten votes. Be tricky, or, in his 



own language, "Skate over the thin ice 
quickly." Be cowardly ; either talk 
double, or talk not at all, lest you lose 
votes. Votes, votes, votes! that is the 
creed, the principles and the ambitions of 
Mr. Hill. He is the mere politician. He, 
if any, is the demagogue. Mr. Bryan, on 
the other hand, says. It is better to be de- 
feated right than to triumph wrong. He 
puts principle before votes. He is candid 
with the people. All men know his views. 
He is fearless, sincere and honest. Yet he 
was wiped off the slate in this convention 
by Mr. Hill and Mr. Bebnont. Why? 
Back of Mr. Hill is wealth, power and 
the conservative ideas of the East. Back 
of Mr. Bryan are only the common people 
and the radicalism of the West. To-day 
the conservative wealth power triumphs. 
The answer emphasizes the truth of Mr. 
Bryan's fears. The plutocratic oligarchy, 
which, like the Erie Railroad, has no poli- 
tics, turned in fear from Mr. Roosevelt, 
a man they could not dictate to. For his 
assault upon the Merger, for his interfer- 
ence in the coal strike, for what wealth 
calls his demagogic character, they fear 
him. He is "unsafe," just as Bryan is 
"unsafe," just as all men will be "unsafe" 
always and forever who interfere with 
privilege and wealth, just as all men in 
the past have been "unsafe" who attacked 
kingship or other legal monopoly. Cor- 
nelius Gracchus was "unsafe." Savonarola 
was "unsafe." Voltaire was "unsafe." 
Cromwell was "unsafe." Lincoln to the 
slave wealth was "unsafe." 

Change is inevitable, yet the reformer 
is always "unsafe" to the upper classes 
who must be reformed that the masses 
may progress. And the eternal truth is 
that this world was made for the masses, 
not for the few. That which stands be- 
tween the people and their natural right 
must go — slowly, it is true — but surely. 
And no man dare say that any question 
which permits an answer for the privi- 
leged few and a different answer for the 
great mass of men, is ever answered 
rightly till it is answered in favor of the 
many. This world is for the life which 
it bears, not for the parasites upon that 
life. 

It is said "Wall Street" first attempted 
to defeat Roosevelt for nomination, but 
finding his hold on the people too strong, 
and losing their chief politician (]\rr. 



172 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



Hanna), they turned necessarily to the 
other party; and in the mere vote-seeker, 
Mr. Hill, they find their tool. 

Judge Parker is a most estimable man. 
Probably neither he nor Mr. Hill view 
x>r «"ii J themselves as the ref- 

-?T7 n o - ^S^ o* t^e plutocratic 
WaU Street oligarchy. Probably 

both regard themselves as benefactors to 
the race in killing "Bryanism^'; but to 
me it is clear that the aggregate money 
power of the country, which fears Mr. 
Roosevelt as a firebrand, an uncontrolla- 
ble demagogue playing to the galleries, is 
supporting Mr. HilL 

The politician who battles for principle 
is a very "rare bird." The plain people 
who have their hands to the plough, who 
seek nothing — ^these have principle; but 
the mass of politicians seek oflSce or graft. 
The campaign fund is a very great temp- 
tation, because even if you lose the fight 
still you have had the fund, and no ques- 
tions asked. 

The "pie coimter" atmosphere was very 
prevalent at the convention. You breathed 
it everywhere. Men were abundant who 
wanted to be marshals or district attor- 
neys or collectors — on down to the mere 
heeler for the campaign, who had his eye 
on "Belmont^s Wall-street Barrel.'^ Even 
Senator Tillman, in his address to the 
convention, said : "For God's sake, let us 
get together and win! I am tired of be- 
ing out." If that remark is carried to a 
logical conclusion, as perhaps it is hardly 
_-,.-- fair to do, it means, 
Hankmngforthc ^^^ ^g ^y^ ^p princi- 
rlesh Fots pj^g ^j^^ combine to 

win. Let us get at the flesh pots. Till- 
man didn't mean that fully, but the weari- 
ness of being away so long from the "pie 
counter" was evident among all the dele- 
gates, for they were politicians, more or 
less. They were there to pick a '^winner" 
with a "barrel." They were tired of fol- 
lowing a "loser" with no "sack." But a 
convention is an absurdity as a representa- 
tive of the people, and the people never 
tire of following a plain poor man like 
Lincoln, who is their champion. 

What is the relation between a conven- 
tion and the people? It is laughable. A 
few men select delegates to a county con- 
vention. This selects delegates to the state 
convention. This selects delegates to the 
National convention, and all the way 



through the bosses are watchful to see 
that the selections are "safe." The state 
delegation gets to the National convention, 
and unless the several members are put on 
committees (as all can not be) they find 
their duties consist in wearing a badge 
and shouting. If put on a committee, they 
fijid some two or three men do the work 
which they ratify in silence. Senator 
Lodge arrived at his convention with the 
Republican platform in his pocket. Mr. 
Hill arrived at his convention with the 
Democratic platform in his pocket, and 
the only contestant in conmiittee room 




Judire Alton B. Parker of New York, chosen by 
the Demoontic Convention mm its candi- 
date for President. 



was Mr. Bryan. In short, the rank and 
file of a state delegation are mere figure- 
heads at a convention, and usually repre- 
sent the state machine, so that the relation 
. between the people 

A Convention Is ^j^^ ^j^g convention is 
Not the People extremely remote, and 
it by no means foUows that the people will 
approve the work of politicians in conven- 
tion assembled. Platforms really mean 
so little that candidates and the power 
behind them will be more looked at. 

If, as in the case of the English monar- 
chical republic, we could go to the people 



THE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



173 



on an issue, and then be put in control of 
all branches of government to be respon- 
sible for action on the decision, we 
might hope to make a victory on a plat- 
form amount to something. But with a 
Democratic president and a Republican 
congress, what can be done for a Demo- 
cratic platform? Even when the Demo- 
crats had Mr. Cleveland and a Democratic 
congress elected on tariff reform, it 
amounted to nothing against the tremen- 
dous political pull of the allied tariff 
grafters. So, in the coming election, the 
people will look at Roosevelt, supposed to 
be hated by the "trusts," and at Parker, 
silent on all points, even after the omis- 
sion of the money plank was called to his 
attention by the newspaper men at Eso- 
pus, till he was nominated by Hill and 
Belmont, and they will say, what is be- 
hind Roosevelt we 
A Close Contrast know; what is be- 
hind Parker we fear; 
so that if it be a really popular election, 
Roosevelt will win. If the crowded pop- 
ulation of the East can be purchased or in- 
timidated, Parker will win. 

There is no doubt that Parker was the 
worst nomination which could have been 
made except for the money power it en- 
listed, and that very strength is a weak- 
ness. The Bryan people would have taken 
any gold man: Olney, or Gray, or Tom 
L. Johnson, or McClellan ; but Parker was 
the candidate of a faction, and, as is pop- 
ularly believed, of an undemocratic plu- 
tocratic power. 

On that memorable night of nomina- 
tions, as speeches went on, one could not 
but be impressed with the idea that the 
speakers were speaking to tickle their own 
ears, to earn the reputation of "spell 
binders," rather than seriously to present 
a candidate. The crowd grew restless. 
Twelve thousand people were in the hall. 
When Champ Clark nominated Senator 
Cockrell, the whole place blossomed sud- 
denly with small American flags, and be- 
came a sort of flower garden swept by a 
breeze. 

The night wore on, and Senator Bailey, 
. as chairman, again and 

Large Asscm- ^gg^j^ threatened to 

blies Unruly p^^j. q^^ disturbers; 

but if a speaker's voice could not be heard, 
it was useless to try to stem the tide of 
disturbance. Cries of "Cut it short," "Sit 



down," "Louder," made bedlam of the 
place. Often was witnessed the sad case 
of a speaker who in his first two minutes 
made a climax received with thunderous 
applause, and who did not know enough 
to then sit down, but pursued his dreary 
way to the end amid catcalls and hootings. 

One of the eloquent exceptions was the 
speech of Clarence Darrow, of Chicago, in 
seconding Hearst. It was not a placating 
speech, but one of defiance. With fine, 
virile sentences he arraigned the Hill fac- 
tion before him as those who had scuttled 
and deserted the ship of Democracy. But, 
through praise and blame. Hill, Belmont 
and the Xew York delegation sat serene. 
Indeed, after the first boom of applause 
for Parker, it was noteworthy that when, 
in the nimierous seconding speeches that 
were made, spontaneous and quite hearty 
applause would break out at the mention 
of Parker^s name, the New York delega- 
tion as a whole sat unmoved and did not 
join in the applause. Perhaps it was a 
desire to get to the end speedily and be- 
gin voting. Perhaps it was that security 
in the result which robs an occasion of ex- 
citement. 

Mayor Rose of Wisconsin nominated 




Senator Henry O. Davis of West Virgrinia, the 
Democratic nominee for Vice-President. 



174 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



Wall in a plain speech, calling on New 
York not to insist on forcing down the 
throats of the convention a candidate who 
was not even the candidate of that part of 
the state which gave Democratic majori- 
ties. *'\Vhy is it/' he asked, "that we must 
accept a candidate, who, silent himself, is 
vouched for by those who never give a 
New York Democratic majority, and is op- 
posed by those who always give the Dem- 
ocratic majority in 
Parker and Xew York?'' (That 

Tammany jg ^q ggy^ Judge 

Parker and Hill represented the state, 
which is Republican, and Murphy and the 
opposition represented the city, which is 
Democratic.) But to this also the New 
York delegation only returned pitying 
smiles. In fact, I was reminded of times 
when I have had to appear before a com- 
mittee of a legislature whose members 
had the price of their votes in their pock- 
ets. They listened, but were serene and 
only impatient for their release. 

A fiery individual named Sam White, 
from Iowa, jumped on a chair and said, 
"On behalf of the unbought and unpur- 
chaseable Democrats of Iowa'' — He was 
then suddenly pulled to the floor by other 
. members of his dele- 

Fisticuffs gation. The New 

and Fraud York delegation for 

the first time awoke from its calm, and 
every man jumped to his feet. One began 
protesting and sought to get the chair- 
man's ear. It was laughable, because 
there had been free whispers of the pur- 
chase of delegates by Belmont's agents; 
yet when the disheveled Mr. White was 
brought to the platform and allowed to 
complete his sentence, he said, "On behalf 
of the unbought and unpurchaseable Dem- 
ocracy of Iowa, I second the nomination 
of that sterling jurist, pure man and great 
Democrat, Judge Alton B. Parker." So 
everyone laughed, and the New Yorkers 
had their fright for nothing. On Mr. 
White's return to his delegation some one 
k^locked him down, and for a time the 
night was enlivened by a fight. Then the 
chairman of the Iowa delegation took the 
platform and explained that the utter- 
ances of the fiery White were unauthor- 
ized, and would receive the treatment they 
deserved, and the Iowa delegation would 
vote for Mr. Hearst, at the proper time. 

It became so apparent that speakers 




Cluirle> FranoiB Murphy, "Bobs" of Ta. 
defeated by David B. HUl for the con- 
trol of the New York deleration to 
the Demooratio Convention. 



were there to air their own eloquence, that 
finally, about two in the morning, all 
seconding speeches were by resolution lim- 
ited to four minutes. But the crowd had 
verv sensitive ideas on time. They would 
be^n to yell "Time V "Time !" before the 
speakers had talked a minute. One weak- 
ness of speakers they quickly caught. It 
seemed as if no seconder could get up and 
say. For such and such reasons I second 
Judge Parker ; but it was always, I second 
one who, etc., etc.; who has, etc., etc.; 
whose purity of life, etc., etc. — until the 
crowd would yell, "Name him! Name 
him ! Spit it out ! Time ! Time !" 

When Nebraska's name was reached in 
the call for nominations, a gentleman in 
the delegation arose, but the caUs for 
Bryan became so uproarious that finally 
he was obliged to rise and make the sim- 
ple statement that Nebraska exchanged 
places with Wisconsin. His turn came at 
a little after four o'clock in the morning. 
Daylight had crept into the hall, which 
was still packed, a-flutter with flags and 
fans. Ten thousand people were there, 
from the crowded floor to those leaning 
down from among the rafters of the gal- 
leries : a crowd that had sat the long night 
through and grown intolerant of even 



THE DEMOCKATIC CONVENTION. 



175 



four-minute speeches. (All these things 
are worth considering by the philosopher 
at this convention.) 

As Mr. Bryan wedged his way from his 
seat in the delegation to the platform, the 
air was rent with cries of "Bryan! 
Bryan !" and again you felt in your bones 
the sincerity of the thundering applause. 

No man's personality 
Bryan s Power does this. He stands 

for an idea, and he 
would be dull indeed who could not then 
feel in that daylight hour that so far as 
the people were concerned, there was but 
one man in that hall. 

The roll call had proceeded to the end, 
and the secondings of Parker left no doubt 
that Hill was triumphant and that Parker 
would be selected just as soon as the roll 
could be called. Bryan, who had worked 
sixteen hours on the platform commit- 
tee, and had been fifty hours without 
sleep, stood there, waiting for the applause 
to subside. Hill sat in an aisle seat in 
the New York delegation, directly in front 
of him. Bryan let his eyes rest upon 
HilFs face for a moment, and Hill turned 
away slightly; then Bryan ran his eyes 
over the crowd. In all this he seemed to 
be absent-minded — as if thinking. Pres- 
ently, he saw that the chairman — Senator 
Bailey — was vainly endeavoring to quiet 
the applause, which was becoming hyster- 
ical. So Bryan stepped forward, and, rais- 
ing both hands, motioned for silence. The 
noise slowly died to a mutter that dropped 
suddenly to death-like silence, and Bryan 
began. For an hour he held that impa- 
-^ , tient crowd upon his 

Bryan 8 ^pg^ jj^ silence, save 

tloqucncc ^s a short roar of ap- 

plause would mark some point he made. 
When he spoke of coming there to sur- 
render the trust given to him by the Dem- 
ocratic party, two old men on the platform 
near me began to cry, and quite a noticea- 
ble flutter of handkerchiefs was seen over 
the hall. His speech was not rhetorical; 
there were no theatrical effects; but, ear- 
nestly and as a prophet of the people, in 
simple, clear phrases, he stated the peo- 



ple's danger, and begged for some other 
choice than Roosevelt and the god of war, 
or Parker and the god of gold. 

Take it all in all, it was the most im- 
pressive, the most really eloquent speech 
I have ever listened to; and though it 
can not read as it was spoken, it is given 
here in full, as the one great incident of 
an historical occasion. 

When he concluded, there was silence, 
as if they waited for more ; and then, as he 
turned away, there was an outburst of 
applause that rang to 
Hifl Reception the roof and would not 

be quieted so long as 
he remained in sight. 

I take it that the newspapers who ridi- 
cule this man can not see beyond to-mor- 
row and the pay counter. In the after 
time, when all of us are dust and Time 
shall be winnowing that dust ; when presi- 
dents shall count for their worth as men, 
and some who were not presidents shall be 
greater than some who were; when all shall 
be measured by their service in the uplift- 
ing of mankind ; when the greatest of men 
shall be seen as mere puppets in the play 
of Destiny — ^then the names of Hill, Bel- 
mont and Rockefeller will be utterly over- 
^ i. ,. ^ looked and forgotten, 

IJchttling Uryan ^^^ p^^se will be made 
la ^enaeiees ^j^jy ^^^^ g^^^ ^^^^^^ 

as Bryan, men of men, who have battled 
with what power was given them, hon- 
estly, for the good of struggling man — ^the 
toiling and stricken men, women and chil- 
dren of the common mass. 

Wealth rules for the day in every age, 
but only ideas are eternal and move the 
world. Back of Mr. Belmont and Mr. 
Hill is money; back of Mr. Bryan is an 
idea. You can retard it, hide it, for a 
time, but you can not jail it or kill it. 

^^Sixteen to one'^ was a mere suggestion. 
It is as nothing compared to the great 
truth he announces and agitates : that the 
Republic stands in the shadow of a plu- 
tocratic oligarchy. His open-breasted bat- 
tle against this danger gives him his 
strength and will give him his fame. 



BRYAN'S SPEECH 



Gentlemen of the Convention: Two nights 
without sleep, and a cold, make it difficult for 
me to make myself heard. I trust that it will 
be easier in a moment, but as I desire to speak 
to the delegates rather than to the visitors, 
I hope that they at least can hear. 



Eight years ago a Democratic convention 
placed in my hands the standard of the party 
and gave me the commission as its candidate. 
Pour years later that commission was renewed. 
I come to-night to this Democratic convention 
to return the commission and to say that 



176 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



you may dispute whether I fought a arood flflrht; 
you may dispute whether I finished my course, 
but you can not deny that I have kept the 
faith. (Cheers.) 

As your candidate I did all I could to brinar 
success to the party. As a private citiien 
to-day I am more interested in Democratic 
success than I ever was when I was a candi- 
date. (Cheers.) The reasons that made the 
election of a Democrat desirable were stronger 
in 1900 than in 1896; and the reasons that make 
the election of the Democratic candidate desir- 
able are stronger in 1904 than they were in 
1900. 

The gentleman who presented New York's 
candidate dwelt upon the danger of militarism, 
and he did not overstate the dangers. Let me 
quote the most remarkable passage that ever 
occurred or that was ever found in the speech 
of nomination of any candidate for President. 
Governor Black, of New York, in presenting 
the name of Theodore Roosevelt to the Repub- 
lican convention, used these words: 

"The fate of nations is still decided by 
their wars. You may talk of orderly tribunals 
and learned referees. You may sing in your 
schools the gentle praises of the quiet life. 
You may strike from your books the last note 
of every martial anthem, and yet out in the 
smoke and thunder will always be the tramp 
of horses and the silent, rigid, upturned faces. 
Men may prophesy and women pray, but peace 
will come here to abide here forever on this 
earth only when the dreams of childhood are 
the accepted charts to guide the destinies of 
men. Events are numberless and mighty, and 
no man can tell which wire runs around the 
world. The nation basking to-day in the quiet 
of contentment and repose may still be on a 
deadly circuit, and to-morrow writhing in the 
toils of war. This is the time when great 
figures must be kept in front. If the pressure 
is great the material to resist it must be 
granite and iron." 

This is a eulogy of war. This is a declara- 
tion that the time hoped for, prayed for. of 
perpetual peace will never come. This is 
eulogizing the doctrine to brute force and 
giving denial to the hopes of the race. And 
this President, a candidate for re-election, is 
presented as the embodiment of that ideal, 
the granite and the Iron, to represent the new 
idea of militarism. Do you say you want to 
defeat the military idea? Friends of the South, 
are you trying to defeat the military idea? 

Let me tell you that none of you. North, 
East or South, more fears the triumph of that 
Idea than I do. If this is the doctrine that 
our nation is to stand for, it is retrogression, 
not progression; it is the lowering of the ideals 
of the nation; it is the turning backward to 
the age of force. More than this, it is a 
challenge to the Christian civilization of the 
world, and nothing less. (Loud applause.) 

Twenty-.seven hundred years ago a prophet 
foretold the coming of One who was to be 
called the Prince of Peace. Two thousand 
years ago He came upon the earth, and the 
song that was sung at His birth was "Peace 
on earth, good will toward men." (Loud cheer- 
ing and applause.) For 2 000 years this doc- 
trine of peace has been grrowing. It has been 
taking hold upon the hearts of men. 

For this doctrine of peace millions have 
given their lives. For this doctrine of peace 
thousands have crossed oceans and given their 
lives among savage tribes and among foreign 
nations. This doctrine of peace, the foundation 
of Christian civilization, has been the growing 
hope of the world. 

And now the ex-governor of the greatest 
state of the nation presents for the office of 
President of the greatest republic of all history 
a man who is granite and iron, and who repre- 
sents not the doctrine of peace, but the doc- 
trine that the destinies of nations are still 
settled by their wars. (Loud applause.) Will 
vou of New York present a graver indictment 
against President Roosevelt than that? Will 
you of the South present a graver indictment 
against President Roosevelt than that? I 
do not ask what Is the character of the man; 
he may have every virtue. He may be exem- 



plary in every way/ but if the President shares 
the idea of the man who nominated him; if the 
President believes with his sponsor at Chicago 
that wars must settle the destinies of nations, 
that peace is but a dream, that women may 
pray for it. that men may prophesy about 
it, that all these talks of orderly tribunals 
and all this are but empty sounds; if he be- 
lieves these things he is a dangerous man for 
our country and the world. (Prolonged cheer- 
ing and applause.) 

I believe he ought to be defeated; I believe 
he can be defeated, and if the Democratic 
party does what it ought to do I believe he will 
be defeated. 

How can you defeat him? I tried to defeat 
the Republican party as your candidate. I 
failed, you say? Yes, I did. I received a 
million more votes than any Democrat had ever 
received before, and yet I failed. Why did I 
fail? Because there were some who had aflUli- 
ated with the Democratic party who thought 
my election dangerous to the country, and 
they left and helped to elect my opponent. That 
is why I failed. 

I have no words of criticism for them. 
(Applause.) I have always believed, I believe 
to-night, I shall always believe, I hope, that 




William Jenniara Bryan, the mott oon- 
■piouooB flffore at the convention. 

a man's duty to his country is higher than his 
duty to his party. I hope it will always be true 
that men of all parties will have the moral 
courage to leave their parties when they believe 
that to stay with their parties will be to injure 
their country. The success of your government 
depends upon the independence and the moral 
courage of its citizenship. 

But, my friends, if I failed with six millions 
and a half to defeat the Republican party, can 
those who defeated me succeed in defeating 
the Republican party? If under the leadership 
of those who were loyal in 1896 — (applause) — 
we failed, shall we succeed under the leader- 
ship of those who were not loyal in 1896? 
(Applause.) 

If we are going to have some other god 
besides this war god that is presented to us 
by Governor Black, what kind of a god is it 
to be? Must we choose between a god of war 
and a god of gold? Is there no choice between 
them? If there is anything that compares in 
hatefulness with militarism it is plutocracy, 
and I insist that the Democratic party ought 
not to be compelled to choose between militar- 
ism on one side and plutocracy on the other 
side. (Applause.) 



THE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



177 



We came here and agreed upon a platform. 
We were in session sixteen hours last nigrht, 
if you can put sixteen hours into a night. We 
entered the committee room at eight last even- 
ing, and left it at twelve to-day. But, my 
friends, I never spent sixteen hours to better 
purpose in my life — (cheers) — ^because I helped 
to bring the party together, so we could have 
a unanimous platform to go before the country 
on in this campaign. (Applause.) 

How did we get it? It was not all that 
I would have desired. It was not all that your 
Sastem Democrats desired. We had to sur- 
render some things that we wanted in the 
platform. They had to surrender some things 
they wanted in the platform. But by mutual 
concession and mutual surrender we agreed 
upon a platform and we stand on that platform. 
( Great cheerin g. ) 

But, my friends, we need more than a 
platform. (Applause.) We have to nominate 
a ticket, and that is the work of this conven- 
tion. Had you come to this convention in- 
structed for any man to the extent of a major- 
ity, I not only would not have asked you to 
disregard your Instructions, I would not If 
I could have prevented it, permitted you to 
disregard your instructions. (Applause.) 

I believe in the right of the people to rule. 
I believe in the right of the people to instruct 
their delegrates, and when a delegate is in- 
structed, it is binding upon him. But. my 
friends, not a majority came instructed for any 
candidate. That means that you were left 
upon your responsibility to select a candidate, 
and a grave responsibility it is. Grave is 
the responsibility resting upon these delegates 
in this convention. I have not come to ask 
anything of this convention. Nebraska asks 
nothing but to be permitted to fight the battles 
of Democracy. (Cheers.) 

Some of you have called me a dictator. 
It was false. You know it was false. (Cheers.) 
How have I tried to dictate? I have suggested 
that I thought certain things ought to be done. 
Have not you exercised the same privilege? 
Why have I not a right to suggest? (Applause.) 
(A voice: "You have.") 

Because I was your candidate, am I now 
estopped to ever make suggestions? (Cries of 
"No. No.") Why, sir, if that condition went 
with a nomination for the Presidency, no man 
worthy to be President would ever accept a 
nomination — (applause) — for the right of a 
man to have an opinion and to express it is 
more important and sacred than the holding 
of any office, however high. 

I have ray opinions about the platform. I 
made my suggestions. Not all of them were 
received. I would like to have seen the Kan- 
sas City platform reaffirmed. (Applause.) I 
am not ashamed of that platform. I believe 
in it now, as I believed in It when I was run- 
ning upon it; then, I was your candidate, but 
the people in the Democratic party did not 
agree with me, and their will was supreme. 

When they veto my suggestions I have to 
accept. There is no other court which I can 
appeal to. I have not attempted to dictate 
about candidates. I have not asked the Dem- 
ocrats of this nation to nominate any particu- 
lar man. I have said that there were many 
In every state willing to be President; and 
I have said that out of six millions and a half 
who voted for me in both campaigns, we ought 
to be able to find at least one good man for 
President. (Loud applause.) 

I have made these suggestions only in a 
jreneral way. I am here to-night as a delegate 
from Nebraska. I have not confidence enough 
In my own opinion to tell you tliat I can pick 
out the man and say that this man must be 
nominated or we shall lose. I have, I think, a 
reasonable faith in my own opinions; at least 
I have this faith, that I would rather accept 
ray own and stand by thera if I believed them 
right, than accept anybody else's if I believed 
them wrong. (Loud applause.) 

Nebraska is not here asking for the nomi- 
nation of any man. We now have a platform 
on which we all can stand. (Loud applause 
and cheering.) Now, give us a ticket behind 
which all of us can stand. (Prolonged cheers). 

You can go into any state you please and 



get him. I have not as much faith as some 
have in the value of a locality. I have never 
been a great stickler for nominating candidates 
from doubtful states on the theory that their 
personal popularity would elect them. 

I have had so much faith in the virtue of 
Democratic principles that I thought a Demo- 
crat ought to vote for a good man from any 
other state before he would vote for a bad man 
from his own state. (Applause.) . 

I do no believe much in this doctrine of state 
pride, and I have found that when people 
come with a candidate and tell us first that 
we must carry a certain state, and that that 
man is the only one who could carry the state, 
they do not put up a bond to deliver the goods 
if they are accepted. (Applause.) And, any- 
how, a state that is so uncertain that only one 
Democrat in the nation can carry It can not 
be relied upon in a great crisis. (Applause.) 

Now we have our platform. Select your 
candidate. If it is the choice or the wish of 
this convention that the standard should be 
placed in the hands of the gentleman presented 
by California; the man who, though he has 
money, pleads the cause of the people; the 
man who is the best beloved, I think I can 
safely say, among laboring men of all the 
candidates proposed; the one who more than 
any other represents opposition to the trust 
question — if you want to place the standard 
in his hands and make Hearst the candidate 
of this convention, Nebraska will be with you 
in the fight. (Cheers.) 

But, my friends, Nebraska does not make 
any request. If you think that the gentleman 
from Wisconsin, who, though faithful in both 
campalgrns, was not with us on the money 
question — if you think Mr. Wall, agreeing with 
the East on the gold question and with the 
West on other questions, would draw the party 
together — if you want to place the standard 
in his hands, Nebraska will be with you and 
contribute her part. (Cheers.) 

If you prefer an Eastern man and find some 
one who will give both elements of the party 
something to believe in, something to trust 
in, something to hope for, we are willing to 
join you with him. My friends, it is not al- 
ways that every available man is mentioned. 
There is in the State of Pennsylvania a man 
whom I mention, without consulting his dele- 
gation, without consent of the man himself; 
an Eastern man who voted with us in both 
campaigns, but against us on the money ques- 
tion, and, I believe, in sympathy with the 
people; a man twice governor of a grreat state 
(cheers) ; a man who only two years ago, when 
a candidate again, carried the great State of 
Pennsylvania outside of the two great cities 
of Philadelphia and Pittsburg. If you Eastern 
Democrats who have insisted that your objec- 
tion to me was my belief in free silver — if you 
Democrats are willing to take a gold man, I 
am willing to let you have your way on that 
question in this man, for I will trust his hon- 
esty on all questions. (Applause.) 

I only mention these candidates as illustra- 
tions. I came here to second the nomination 
of a man, and I come to second his nomination 
not because I can assert to you that he is more 
available than any other person who might be 
named, but because I love the man, and be- 
cause on the platform we have adopted I don't 
think there is any good reason why every Dem- 
ocrat in the East might not vote for this man. 
T come to second the noraination of Senator 
Cockerell, of Missouri. (Long-continued ap- 
plause, followed by cheers.) -^ 

He Is the Nestor of the Senate. He Is ex- 
perienced in public affairs. He is known; he 
has a record. He can be measured by it; 
and, my friends, I would be willing to write 
my Indorsement on his back and send him out 
to the world, willing to guarantee everything 
he did. (Loud applause.) They say that he 
comes from the South. What If he does? I 
do not share the feeling that some people have 
that the Democratic party can not take a can- 
didate from the South. 

They say he was in the Confederate army. 
What if he was? I do not share the belief of 
those who say we can not nominate an ex- 
Confederate. (Prolonged cheering and ap- 



178 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



plause.) My friends, that war, that cruel 
war, was 40 years ago. Its issues are settled; 
its wounds are healed. The participants are 
friends. We have got another war on now. 
and those who know what the war between 
plutocracy and democracy means will not ask 
where a man stood 40 years aero; they will ask: 
Where does he stand to-day in this war? 

My friends, I believe that the erreat issue 
in this country to-day is plutocracy versus 
democracy. You have said that I had Just 
one idea, the silver Idea. Well, awhile back, 
they said I had only one. but then it was the 
tariff idea. There is an issue frreater than 
the silver issue, the tariff issue — the trust 
issue. 

It is the issue between plutocracy and de- 
mocracy; whether this is to be a government 
of the people, by the people and for the people, 
administered by officers chosen by the people, 
administered in behalf of the people. It is 
either this, or it is to be a rule of the moneyed 
element of the country for their own interest 
alone. The issue has been growing. I want 
you as Democrats here assembled to help us 
meet this question. 

You tell me the Republican candidate stands 
for militarism. Yes, but he also stands for 
plutocracy. You tell me he delights in war. 
But there is another objection to him, and that 
is that he does not enforce the law against a 
big criminal as he does against a little crimi- 
nal. Laws are being violated to-day, and these 
laws must be enforced. The people must 
understand that we are to have equal rights 
for all and special privileges to none. (Ap- 
plau.se. > 

We have had the debauchment of elections. 
It was stated the other day that in the little 
State of Delaware $256,000 was spent in the 
state on one day just before the election of 
1896. Some say that we must have a great 
campaign fund, and go out and bid against 
the Republicans. My friends, I want to warn 
you that if the Democratic party is to .save 
this nation, it must not save it by purchase, 
but by principle. Every time we resort to 
purchase we cultivate the spirit of barter, 
and the price will constantly Increase and elec- 
tions will go to the highest bidder. 

If the Democratic party is to save this 



country, it must appeal to the conscience of 
the country. It must point out the dangers 
to the republic, and if the party will nominate 
a man, I care not from what part he comes, 
who is not the candidate of a faction, who Is 
not the candidate of an element, but the can- 
didate of a party, the party will stand by him 
and will drive the Republican party from 
power and save this country. (Applause.) 

My friends, I believe that you could take 
a man from any Southern state who would go 
out and make a fight that would appeal to 
Democrats, all Democrats who love Demo- 
cratic principles, and to Republicans who be- 
gin to fear for their nation's welfare — take 
such a man, and I believe that he would poll a 
million more votes than the candidate of any 
faction whose selection would be regarded as 
a triumph of a part of the party over the rest 
of the party. (Applause.) 

I simply submit it for your consideration. 
I am here to discharge a duty that I owed to 
the party. I knew before I came to this 
convention that a majority of the delegates 
would not agree with me in my financial views. 
I knew that there would be among the dele- 
gates many who did not vote for me when I 
sorely needed their help. I was not objecting 
to the majority against me, nor to the pres- 
ence of those who went away and came back. 
But, my friends, I came, not because I thought 
I would be delighted to be in the minority in 
our opinion, but because I owed a duty to 
the 6,000,000 brave, loyal men who sacrificed 
for me. (Cheers.) 

I came to get them as good a platform as I 
could. I have helped them to get a good plat- 
form. (Applause.) I came to help get as good 
a candidate as I can; and I hope that he will 
be one who can draw the factions together, 
who can give to us who believe in aggressive, 
positive. Democratic reform something to hope 
for, and to those who have differed from us 
on the main question — that he can give them 
something to hope for, too. And I close with 
an appeal that I make from my heart to the 
hearts of those who hear me: Give us a pilot 
who will gruide the Democratic ship from mili- 
tarism, the Scylla of militarism, without 
wrecking her In the Charybdis of commercial- 
ism. (Great demonstration.) 





OUR VIEW 



.lAiMBITTLE 




The demand for MEN is always greater than the supply. 

* * * 

Kefined, purified, noble character is not a gift, nor is it inherent. It is to be 
won by constant, unceasing effort to approach the ideal, and it is the one thing that 

is really worth while in this world. 

* « * 

The young man who expects to attain success without the most intense, con- 
tinuous struggle, misunderstands the world and the reason for its rewards. Work 
and struggle — ^liard, unremitting, careful, determined struggle — are the foundation 

stones of all character and success. 

* ♦ * 

Those who are supposed to know, assure us that the country is "safe.'^ A good, 
thorough-going, dependable Democrat, Roosevelt, has been nominated by the Re- 
publicans, and a stanch, reliable, conservative and safe Republican, Parker, has 
been nominated by the Democrats. It is a grab-bag proposition this year. You 
can shut your eyes, take your choice and be satisfied. 

* * * 

The Pacific Monthly publishes this month an article by Mr. C. E. S. Wood on 
the Democratic convention. The publication of this article is not from a partisan 
standpoint, but in recognition of the fact that the result in November will depend 
less upon what was done at Chicago than upon what was done at St. Louis. In 
this connection we wish to remind our readers that The Pacific Monthly does not 
take sides on political questions. It has been and is the policy of the magazine to 
make no editorial expression of preference for candidates, but to publish by compe- 
tent partisan writers a review of the Democratic and Republican outlook. In keep- 
ing with this policy there will appear in The Pacific Monthly in the near future 
short, crisp articles on "Why Roosevelt Should be Elected^^ and "Why Parker 
Should be Elected." ♦ * * 

The organization in Portland, Oregon, recently of the Oregon Development 
League is a much delayed step in the right direction. The purpose of the League, 
as indicated in the name, is the development of the state through publicity and co- 
operation. The California Promotion Committee has found it advisable to do the 
same work for California that will be done by the newly organized League for Ore- 
gon, and the Seattle Chamber of Commerce takes the lead in such work for the 
State of Washington. In Victoria and Vancouver, B. C, the Tourist Associations 
are very active in bringing the advantages of British Columbia before the world. 
The purposes of these organizations are practically identical, and in a sense they 
present a peculiar anomaly. Why, it may be asked, is it necessary to induce immi- 
gration if the Pacific Coast is all that these organizations claim it to be? If we 
have the finest climate in the world, the most fertile land, majestic scenery, and all 
that makes life pleasant and desirable, why do not people find it out and come West 
without any urging? The answer, of course, is that they do find out and are com- 
ing, but not fast enough to suit the Western idea of things. So we organize. The 
l)enefit of such organizations is not confined, however, simply to those who take 
advantage of their opportunities and come W^est. There is an equal advantage to 
be derived to the states which foster such organizations. The people are brought 
into closer contact and a deeper, broader spirit of loyalty and progress is engendered. 



A ivorld-^cle aurvcy of important events in all <lepartment0 of buman activity 



Tk 1 A' ^^ f^^ ^ ^^^ country is concerned, the convention of the Demo- 
Ihe Lieading ^^^^^-^ party at St. Louis, to nominate its candidates and to enunciate 
^^^^ its platform, was the chief event of the month. The outcome of the 

Republican convention was foregone, but that of the St. Louis gathering was in doubt 
to the last; and in its dramatic episodes, its sustained excitement and its impassioned 
oratory, it surpassed any similar event of recent years. Its essential importance 
lies in the fact that the conservative element of ihe party, under the efficient leader- 
ship of David B. Hill, was again restored to power, completely ousting the populistic 
forces, which look to W. J. Bryan as their leader. Mr. Bryan was by all odds the 
most conspicuous figure of the convention, and his thrilling eloquence was never 
more in evidence; but when it came to a vote, his followers made but a pitiful show- 
ing. Perhaps ihe most impressive incident was the receipt of the Parker telegram, 
announcing his fidelity to the gold standard. By his friends, this act was lauded as 
an evidence of their candidate's political indepeiidence and soundness on the money 
issue. By his foes it was denounced as a piece of trickery, designed tt) force the 
gold standard upon the convention, at a time when a revolt would spell disruption 
and consequent defeat. The true significance of the convention is the restoration of 
the Democratic party to the prestige it has lost in the past two campaigns. Roose- 
velt's election is no longer conceded as a certainty, and ihe contest promises to be 
hotly fought by two well-matched antagonists, neither of which can claim any great 
advantage until the last vote is in. 



Tke War '^^^ P^^^ month has wit- 
nessed much severe fighting 
in the far East, but without any decisive 
results. Steadily, doggedly, the Japanese 
forces under Oku and Kuroki, have 
pounded away at the Eussian line, meet- 
ing stubborn resistance at times, but al- 
most invariably accomplishing their pur- 
pose. One post after another has been 
abandoned by the Russians, until now Niu 
Chwang is the only point of importance 
in the Liao-tung peninsula — excepting 
Port Arthur — in the possession of the Rus- 
sians. As Niu Chwang is invested by the 
Japanese, it may be safely predicted that 
Mukden will be Kouropatkin's next base 
of resistance. The wet weather has ap- 
parently not interfered with the Japanese 
advance, and the fighting has been of 
the severest character, the fatality on both 
sides being appalling. About Port Ar- 



thur, the situation is not materially 
changed. Desperate attempts have been 
made by the Japanese to gain command- 
ing points, with some success. Much ex- 
citement was aroused by a dispatch from 
Mukden to the effect that the Japanese 
had been repulsed with a loss of 30,000. 
Later advices reduced the number of 
killed, until, finally, the whole story was 
discredited. Under guise of merchant- 
men, two Russian cruisers passed the Dar- 
danelles, and created an international 
flurry by holding up shipping suspected 
of carrying contraband articles. The Brit- 
ish steamer Malacca was the first victim; 
but English ire was at once aroused, and 
a stern demand for the immediate release 
of the vessel brought the desired result. 
The British vessel Knight Commander, 
sailing from Xew York with a cargo of 
railroad material for Japan, was sunk by 



THE MONTH. 



181 



the Russians. The German steamer Ara- 
bia, chartered by the Portland-Asiatic 
Steamship Company, laden largely with 
flour for the Japanese, was seized, and her 
fate will be decided by the Prize Court at 
Vladivostok. Great apprehension is felt 
for the Korea and the Shatvmut, each with 
large cargoes for Japan, which are now 
overdue at Yokohama. 

Tliey're oflE! With the formal 
Politics acceptance of their respective 
nominations by the two principal candi- 
dates, and the perfection of the organiza- 
tion of the parties, the great contest is 
now well under way. Although campaign- 
ing may not begin until the cessation of 
the hot weather, yet intense activity pre- 
vails in the rival camps, with every pros- 
pect for the keenest kind of a struggle. 
The Democratic convention, which re- 
sulted in the nomination of Judge Alton 
B. Parker for President, and ex-Senator 
Henry G. Davis for Vice-President, was of 
historic importance. Mr. Bryan waged a 
strong fight, and swayed the vast assem- 
blage again and again with his oratory, 
but was unable to control the votes neces- 
sary to defeat Judge Parker. The con- 
struction of the platform precipitated an- 
other battle, with Bryan again in the thick 
of it. He held out for an income tax, and 
demanded that no recognition be made of 
the existing money standard. A compro- 
mise was finally effected, by which both 
measures were dropped. This partial vic- 
tory for Bryan was neutralized by Judge 
Parker's impressive and straightforward 
telegram, declaring his belief in the gold 
standard, and declining the nomination on 
any other basis. Other salient points of 
the platform are those for tariflE revision, 
for the independence of the Filipinos, and 
against monopolies. Any effort to revive 
race animosity is condemned; laws giving 
capital and labor "their just rights" are 
favored, and a promise is made to con- 
struct the Panama Canal. Other planks 
contain, more or less overtly, criticisms 
of the present administration. Tom Tag- 
gari:, of Indiana, has been selected to man- 
age the Democratic campaign. One thing 
is ceri:ain: the Democrats will have a lib- 
eral campaign fund, for Mr. Davis is him- 
self many times a millionaire, and other 
moneyed men of the party, who were es- 
tranged by Bryan, may be expected to 



"dig up." This, coupled with the un- 
doubted excellence of their candidates, will 
put the two parties upon an equal footing. 

vf T> L ' Chicago, Kansas City and 
Meat PackcTfl q^i^^j. cities are in the 
Dtnke throes of the largest strike 

in the history of the meat-packing indus- 
try. Seventy-three thousand men are di- 
rectly involved, and if sympathetic strikes 
are ordered, as seems probable, the number 
will be largely increased. The wages of 
unskilled laborers in the meat-cutting de- 
partments is the cause of the dispute, but 
the exact situation is obscured by the con- 
tradictory statements of the contending 
parties. The strike leaders claim that they 
are resisting a threatened decline in wages, 
while the packers declare that the men de- 
manded a raise. A meeting was arranged 
for the disputants before the Illinois State 
Board of Arbitration, with good prospects 
of a settlement, but the employers refused 
to make any concessions, and negotiations 
were declared off. The packers are im- 
porting nonunion men, and the usual 
strike phenomena of riots and bloodshed 
have resulted. In the portions of the coun- 
try supplied by the packers, the prices of 
meat have soared, and the public is, per- 
force, learning the advantages of a vege- 
tarian diet. 




WHEBE THE SHOE PINCHES. 

John Bull — Oi say, Sam, the benar is walking off 
with me ships, doncherknow. 

XTnole Sam — ^Ya-s, b'gosh; and it's my goods that 
are in your ships. 

From the Spokesman- Review. 



Slocum Disaster: 
tLe A^itermatk 



There has been no 
shirking of duty 
in fixing the blame 
for the terrible Slocum disaster. The cor- 
oner^s jury — upon whom fell the trying 
duties of the investigation — acted with no 



182 



THE PACIFIC MONTnLY. 



uncertainty, and their report is a rigorous 
accusation of all the officials connected 
with the affair. The president, secretary 
and the board of directors of the Knicker- 
bocker Steamboat Company are found 
guilty of criminal negligence in failing 
to see that proper fire-fighting and life- 
saving appliances were installed. The 
captain of the vessel is held criminally re- 
sponsible for the accident. The commo- 
dore of the fleet is also held accountable, 
and the mate of the Slocum is accused of 
cowardice. In addition, Henry Sundberg, 
the government inspector, is held for in- 
competence and carelessness in the per- 
formance of his duties. Because of the 
greater scope of the federal laws, it was 
agreed that the federal courts should han- 
dle the matter. The men were all arrested, 
but released on bail. The next step will 
be taken by the grand jury in securing the 
necessary indictments. Trial can not be 
reached before October. 



— , c- L- r ^^'i^^ people still discus- 
L XT "^ si^^ *^^ burning of the 
the Norgc Slocum, the news of an- 

other marine casualty came as an added 
shock. On June 28, the Danish steamer 
Norge struck a reef off the coast of Scot- 
land, and sank almost immediately. Of 
the 700 passengers and the crew of 80, but 
one boatload of 27 was saved. The pas- 
senger list was composed entirely of Nor- 
wegian, Danish, Swedish and Finnish im- 
migrants to the United States. The ill- 
fated vessel was built with the customary 
water-tight bulkheads, designed to prevent 
just such an accident ; but the connecting 
doors were left open, and the compart- 
ments were useless. It is thought that the 
Norge missed her reckoning, as she was 
out of her course when she ran upon the 
reef. Her engines were reversed, and she 
backed into deep water, only to go to the 
bottom. 

T? 11 XT • 1 ^ splendid victory for 
Folk Nominated ^^^^^^ politics was that 
for Governor resulting in the nomina- 
tion of Joseph W. Folk for Governor of 
Missouri on the Democratic ticket. As 
Circuit Attorney of St. Louis, Folk has 
smitten tlie boodlers, hip and thigh, and 
has earned the cordial enmity of the ^lis- 
souri machine. In spite of this organized 
and unscrupulous opposition, he received 



the unanimous vote of the convention. In 
his speech of acceptance, he declares open 
war upon the boodler, and no quarter. "If 
I am elected to a larger field of opportu- 
nity," he says, "I propose to make Mis- 
souri the most unhealthy place in all the 
land for corruptionists to operate in." 

\T TM 1- ^^* ^^^ Plehve, Russian 
Von Plehve Minister of the Interior, 
Assasflinated ^^et his death by the explo- 
sion of a bomb thrown by a Finn named 
Leglo. The minister was riding in his 
carriage in St. Petersburg when the as- 
sassination took place. Leglo was imme- 
diately captured. The explosion of the 
bomb was terrific, reducing the carriage 
to shreds and splinters, and horribly 
mangling the unfortunate occupant and 
his coachman. The deed is believed to be 
part of a plot of great magnitude, and 
many arrests are being made. 

P - - The persistent failure of 
Ketorm tor Ruggian arms seems to be 
Russia arousing her rulers to the 

need of a remedy for internal troubles. 
One of the most radical reforms of the 
generation is that which, by imperial de- 
cree, abolishes the system of condemning 
without trial persons suspected of political 
crimes. Hereafter suspects of this class 
will be tried according to the regular pro- 
cesses of law. Other reform measures 
are those effecting the abolition of certain 
harsh forms of punishment, as the use 
of the knout and the cat-o'-nine-tails, and 
the supercession of military rule in rural 
districts by a newly organized police. Evi- 
dently the Czar is sincere in his intention 
to ameliorate the intolerable conditions 
which have prevailed in Eussia. 



M. 



Since his liberation, Ion Per- 
oroccos (jicaris, who was held captive 
^^^^ by the Moorish bandit, Rai- 

suli, has taken an active interest in the af- 
fairs of Morocco. It appears that the 
country is in danger of serious disruption, 
if strong measures are not adopted. Mr. 
Perdicaris has gone to Paris to urge that 
the French government dispatch a com- 
manding force at once to restore order. 
If France fails to do this, Perdicaris rec- 
ommends that Eaisuli be given authority 
to deal with the situation. Instead of be- 
ing a common robber, Raisuli, according 



THE MONTH. 



183 



to his late captive, is a man of culture and 
power, and the strongest man available to 
stem the tide of anarchy and brigandage 
which is threatening Morocco. 

-^ - -. With the final release- 

Release of jnent of Mrs. Maybrick 

Mrs. Maybnck f^.^^^ i^^^ i^^g confine- 
ment, an international aflEair of consider- 
able interest is brought to a close. Fifteen 
years ago, Mrs. Maybrick — an American 
girl, married to an elderly Englishman of 
wealth — was convicted of murdering her 
husband. The evidence was weak, and. 
by most people, Mrs. Maybrick was con- 
sidered innocent. Every effort was made 
in her behalf, but resulted only in the 
commutation of her death penalty to a 
life imprisonment. Some time ago, she 
was put on guard in a convent, preparatory 
to her final release. She is now with her 
mother in France, and will shortly return 
to this country. 




"Let ME at him!" 

From the Tacoma Ledger. 

Like a chapter from a his- 
Uisappearance torical romance reads the 
of Loomis story of the disappearance 
of Kent J. Loomis, brother of Francis 
B. Loomis, Assistant Secretary of State. 
Mr. Loomis was made the bearer of a 
trade treaty with King Menelik of Abys- 
sinia, whither he was bound on the Kaiser 
Wilhelm III. He was much in evidence 



during the voyage, but, on landing, he 
failed to appear, and his luggage was 
turned over to the United States Con- 
sulate. Some time later his dead body 
was found on the coast, with an ugly 
wound at the back of the head. Wliat 
greatly increases the mystery of the affair 
was the presence on tlie vessel of one 
W. H. Ellis, a Hawaiian or negro, of 
fabulous fortune. It is known that Ellis 
was en route to the court of Menelik, with 
whom he was very friendly. According 
to Ellis* assertions, the Abyssinian poten- 
tate was disposed to make him his suc- 
cessor, and that he was desirous of serving 
as the bearer of the treaty. The matter 
is being sifted by the authorities, but if 
yet veiled in mystery. 

^^ -^ - In the death, in his seventv- 
Uom Paul ninth year, of Paul Kruger, 
^**° once President of the Trans- 

vaal Republic, the world loses one of its 
most picturesque figures. His life is in- 
dissolubly linked with the Boer people, 
and his biography would almost constitute 
a history of the Transvaal, so closely were 
the two connected. He played a conspicu- 
ous part in the struggle to wrest a free 
home from the hostile tribes of the wil- 
derness, and was elected president of the 
Transvaal in 1882. The part he played 
in the Boer-British war is too well known 
to need rehearsal. Despite his many faults, 
Paul Kruger had the qualities of great- 
ness: heroism, and exalted unselfishness, 
patriotism of the highest kind, and the 
ability to sacrifice himself utterly for the 
cause to which he was devoted. He died 
in Switzerland, but will be buried, at his 
own request, in the Transvaal. 



Deatk of ^^Golden 



After a two weeks" 
^ - „ ^ illness. Mayor Sam- 

Rule Jones ^g| ^ j^nes, of 

Toledo, died July 12. Mr. Jones has 
become famous through his introduction 
into business of the "Golden Rule.'' His 
factory was managed most sucessfully on 
this basis. In 1897 he was elected Mayor 
of Toledo on the Republican ticket. His 
radical socialism prevented his renomina- 
tion in 1899, but he ran on an independent 
ticket, and was overwhelmingly elected. 
He was greatly beloved, and his death has 
awakened universal regret. 



184 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



Investigation of 



Over a year ago, the 



x: i f. . Agricultural Depart- 

tood Preservatives j^^^^ instituted a 

thorough investigation of the effects of 
food preservatives, such as borax, salicylic 
acid, etc., upon the human system. This 
was undertaken as a result of Germany^s 
action in excluding certain of our exports, 
especially tinned meats, and also to guide 
our government in its policy toward im- 
ported food products. A number of men 
were fed upon the foods in question and 
careful note taken of the effects. The 
"poison squad,'^ as the subjects were 
known, were bound to eat no other food, 
and were also kept in ignorance of the 
true nature of the food they were eating. 
The results prove conclusively that borax 
and similar preservatives are more or less 
injurious. The digestion and appetite are 
affected and loss of weight ensues. The 
report concludes that the free use of such 
preservatives is not desirable, and that, 
at any rate, the quantity and character 
of the preservative should be plainly indi- 
cated. 

-. Most deplorable is the van- 

yandalism at sialism which resulted in 
bt. Louis ^i^g partial destruction of 

Santos Dumont^s air ship with which he 
purposed to compete at the World's Fair. 
In spite of the constant guard maintained 
over it, the baloon attached to his machine 
was so cut as to render its use impossible. 
The police were unable to find any clue 
as to the perpetrator of the deed, but 
charged the inventor himself with destroy- 
ing his vessel to avoid participating in the 
race. The charge, of course, was utterly 
without substantiation. Santos Dumont 
left almost immediately for Paris, with 
the expressed intention of repairing his 
baloon and returning in time for the 
contest. Since his arrival, he has declared 
that he will not return. Vandal hands 
also attacked the great organ in Festival 
Ilall, rip])ing a hole in the secondary bel- 
lows, but not greatly impairing the use 
of the organ. 

-- - . So rapid are the ad- 
Largest Vessel in vanees made in ship- 
The \Vorld building that the right 

to be called the "largest vessel in the 
workV does not lie very long with one 



ship. But the vessel which, to-day, is 
undoubtedly entitled to the superlative is 
the new White Star liner, the Baltic, which 
recently entered New York harbor after 
her maiden voyage. The Baltic measures 
725 feet in length; beam, 75 feet. Her 
extreme displacement is 40,000 tons, and 
her engines are capable of developing 
26,000 horse power, making possible a 
sustained speed of 17 knots an hour. Es- 
pecial emphasis — in these days of marine 
disasters — is placed on the life-saving 
equipment, which is most complete, con- 
sisting of 26 boats, with a total capacity 
of 1,372 persons. 

Victory for American ^^^ }^^ ^^nnual 
CoUege AtUetes ^^^ between 

field and track 
the athletes of Harvard and Yale, repre- 
senting America, and Oxford and Cam- 
bridge, representing England, held at 
West Kensington, England, the Americans 
were successful in six out of nine events, 
winning the meet. The two-mile, one-mile 
and half-mile runs went to the English- 
men, while the hundred-yard dash, the 
four hundred forty-yard run, the hurdles^ 
the high jump, the broad jump and the 
hammer throw, were won by the Ameri- 
cans. From this record it would appear 
that the Americans possess greater 
strength and speed, while the Englishmen 
develop greater endurance. This is the 
third international meet, in which the 
Americans have been twice victorious. 

In the college of liberal 
New I<lea in arts of Northwestern XJni- 
Scbolarsbips versity 100 new scholar- 
ships have been established, 
the requirements for which are unusual 
The beneficiary must not only possess a 
certain amount of " book learning," but 
he must give promise of superior achieve- 
ment or fitness for public service. "Force 
of character," says President James, 
"powers of leadership, qualities of man- 
hood, physical vigor, etc., will all be con- 
sidered in the selection of students, who 
will be chosen from a list submitted by 
the faculties of high schools and acade- 
mies." This idea of fitness was introduced 
by Cecil Rhodes in his Oxford scholar- 
ships. 



impression! 



«^- ^ r^^Tirr • m^ 



HARLE.SKRSK!NESCOTT*WOODj 



So long as tkere is government enforced on all by a so-called majority, tnere -will 
le a rollcry of tke many for tke benefit of tke few. Only tLe few really exercise 
the po^wer of government. 

Tke Congresdional Committee of Marine 

' I 'UlS committee is evidently collecting excuses to pass a ship subsidy bill. Why 
'*' not ? If taxpayers^ money is given to steel makers, glass makers, sugar makers, 
and other makers, why not to ship makers? Why not also encourage the raising 
of camels in Arizona? It is not that there is lack of ships in the world — nor lack 
of competition — American shippers now have the fleets of all nations bidding for 
cargoes. It is only because these ships do not fly American flags. Therefore the 
American farmer is to be taxed to enable wealthy gentlemen to have a bonus 
for building ships. 

All restrictive economic laws are bad. The ship Director was sold some years 
ago and by a fool American law (which still lives) all Americans were forbidden 
to bid on her ; that is, the law forbids any American to buy or own any ship built 
abroad. This wonderful law is to "encourage" American ship yards, not ship 
owners. Now ship owners must also be encouraged. Verily, the people are fools 
and deserve to be swindled ! 

The farmer and the laborer pay all bills. Yet their votes elect the repre- 
sentatives who vote for the "graft." Disguise it as you will, every "protection,'* 
every "subsidy," every "aid," is a "graft." The plain people pay the bills. 

Colorado 

^ I 'HE whole civilized world is against Governor Peabody. The London papers 
^ speak of Colorado as worse than Russia — ^the thoughtful press everywhere is a- 
ghast at such violent disregard of all the sacred principles of Anglo-Saxon liberty, so 
Governor Peabody is explaining — and the explanation is unsatisfactory and dis- 
honest. He states that the failure of the legislature to pas^ an eight-hour law 
was not the cause of the strike, as the strike was called six weeks before the legis- 
lature adjourned. Yet he knows, none better, that the strike was called only be- 
cause it was plain to all men that the legislature did not intend to pass such a 
law, as commanded by the constitutional amendment, and it did not pass such a 
law. The strike was a protest to the legislature. No local riot or personal crime 
ever excuses or can excuse the violation of the constitutional rights of citizens by 
the executive sworn to respect them. Governor Peabody is a dead man in American 
politics forever. 

Tke Assassination of Von Plekve 

T^ANY respectable papers in London and New York come very near excusing 

-■• * the assassination of Von Plehve as a defense of its liberties by weak Finland. 

It remains for "Liberty," the organ of philosophical anarchism, to point out that 

force is always wrong against a peaceable person, and always injures the cause 

which invokes it. 




READEK 



g^, W. F. G. THACHE R 
1*r 



jiiii.::!:. fT 




^^P 



A rcvievir of current books and an opinion of their merits 



Better than any living man Stewart Ed 
ward Wliite knows the great wilderness. 
To him the trackless waste is a sentient 
thing. He knows its ways, responds to its 
feelings, sympathizes with it, loves it. 
Best of all, he has the art of interpreting 
it. W^ile the human element in "The 
Silent Places" is by no means lacking, it 
is untamed nature that plays the domi- 
nant part. The wild is not merely a back- 
ground, a setting, but a vital factor in 
the story. 

The narrative is singularly simple, yet 
with a quality of epic greatness. It re- 
counts the heroic struggle of _. ^.. 
two men with the savage i*** bilcnt 
forces of the elements. On ^^*ces 
that long, bitter pursuit race into the 
icy fastnesses of the north, the reader fol- 
lows, as if into a different world. It is 
all so real ! — and yet so apart from all or- 
dinary experiences of life. It holds you 
in a thrall of breathless suspense, and 
haunts you for days after you have put 
the book aside. 

Sentiment, in the accepted sense, is 
missing — but not missed. In its stead is 
the great love of a red-skinned forest 
maiden for one of the white men. Pa- 
thetic, appealing, almost tragic, it yet 
forms a vital and fitting part in this elo- 
quent and memorable story of elemental 
things. 

(McClure, Phillips & Co.) 



There seems to be no limit to the num- 
ber of variations that can be rung on the 
theme of mistaken identity. It would be 
a safe conjecture that one novel out of 
every twenty is developed from this idea. 
The most recent addition to the list is 



"Anna, the Adventuress," by E. Phillips 
Oppenheim. It is a story of Bohemian at- 
mosphere, with the scenes in Paris and 
London. Two sisters, remarkably alike in 
appearance, but decidedly dissimilar in na- 
ture, are the chief characters, and the 
complications that arise . _- 

from the confusion of their V^^^*' 
identities are wildly excit- Adventuress 
ing, to put it mildly. It is the kind of 
book every chapter of which creates an 
irresistible impulse to read the next one. 
The swiftly shifting situations, the rapid 
transitions of scene, and the liberal use of 
sensational incidents keep the interest of 
the narrative up to the keenest pitch, nor 
is there any lapse in the high tension. 
Bizarre, it certainly is, and, at times, 
trenching on the risque; yet to the average 
novel reader, its ingenious plot, its nerv- 
ous action, and its cleverly concealed de- 
nouement will more than repay a read- 
ing. 

(Little, Brown & Co.) 



It is no easy matter to present a nar- 
rative logically and coherently, by means 
of a series of letters ; yet this is what Beu- 
lah Marie Dix has accomplished in 
"Blount of Breckenhow," and has proved 
herself an expert craftsman in the per- 
formance. Without let or hindrance the 
story is unfolded, laying instant claim to 
the reader's attention, gathering force and 
swiftness as it moves onward, and carry- 
ing evenly and strongly to the end. All 
this is done without sacrificing the episto- 
lary nature of the narrative. There are 
letters, long and short, |^- - 

grave and gav, indited by ^^o^J* oi 
many different hands, and ««ckenliow 
each one contributing: its share to the dc- 



THE READER. 



187 



Telopment of the story. The individuality 
of each writer is discernible in the style 
and character of his letters, and the rela- 
tions of the persons of the story are clearly 
set forth without editor^s notes. 

It is a sad tale: that of James Blount, 
and one that appeals powerfully to the 
sympathies. Yet it leaves no smart, for its 
ending, though sorrowful enough, is peace- 
ful, and the reader^s feelings are spared 
that final twinge. Blount was scurvily 
misused by fate, 'tis true, and sacrificed 
everything for a love he deemed hopeless ; 
yet he died "with the light upon his face,*' 
happy at last in the possession of that 
love. A hero of finest mold was James 
Blount. 

(The McMillan Co.) 




Fannie Hardy Eckstorm, author of 
Penobscot Man." 



'The 



A story as a story is no better because 
it is true; but as a transcription of life, 
shedding light upon the character and ex- 
periences of men, reality gives it an ap- 
preciated value. In "The Penobscot Man,'' 
Fannie Hardy Eckstorm — pleasantly re- 
membered for her bird-book — ^has given us 
a collection of stories of the Maine river 



men. With a loyal hand she has chroni- 
cled some of the deeds which exalted to 
heroism those lives of toil and hardship. 
Without idealization she has recorded 
them, but in the honest colors of reality; 
and these tales assume for us a new sig- 
nificance because their characters actually 
lived and breathed, and because these 
deeds of truest courage were performed 
without a thought of their heroism, with- 
out a suspicion that they were to be set 
forth in printed page. 

The author knows well of what she 
writes, and her work is endowed with fin- 
est sympathy, and the full rn n i ^ 

J / T f 1 The Penobacot 

understandmg of long -w 

familiarity. Her stories 
have that revealing, spiritual quality, so 
that the reader sees not only the deed, but 
the soul of the man who does it. The in- 
ner and the outer life are both made man- 
ifest. 

Although the author modestly disclaims 
any art in the telling, we must beg to dis- 
agree. To the narrator who seeks to mold 
his story into perfect form, facts are ham- 
pering things ; yet each one of the tales in 
this little volume has a proportion and a 
finish that leaves little to be desired. 

($1.25; Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Bos- 
ton.) 

The life of Frederic William Farrar, 
sometime Dean of Canterbury, and prob- 
ably one of the three greatest churchmen 
of his age, edited by his son, Reginald 
Farrar, is a monument of loving memory 
to a great • and good man. 

As a biography, however, it ^^ ^t. 

. ,. "". \. ^' ^ .' Dean Farrar 

IS disappointing. Smoothly 

conventional, it chronicles the external in- 
cidents of a rather placid existence, with 
hardly a glimpse into the intimate life, 
which would reveal the real man, under 
the robes of the churchman. 

However, the account is comprehensive, 
minute and reliable, and supplied with 
many letters which are illuminative and 
of decided value. 

(T. Y. Crowell & Co.) 




A Page from tLe Cynic s Notebook — 

Tell a girl she is pretty, you may win 
her approval; tell her her rival is ugly, 
you will win her eternal gratitude. 

To win a girl, a man must excite her 
curiosity, command her admiration, arouse 
lier interest, and then — make her cry. 

A man's capacity for falling in love is 
like the phenomena of electrical discharge 
in a thunderstorm: it accumulates until 
it reaches a certain degree, and then 
strikes the nearest available object. 

The best part of a man's manliness is 
his boyishness; the best part of a girl's 
girlishness is her womanliness. 

There is a peculiar variety of girls 
whose preference for a man is always man- 
ifested by extreme ill usage. 




Dressed to KOl.^ 



Do'wn Wkerc tLe ^Vemcrwiirst Grows — 

Mama sent John to the butcher's; 
Sad to say, he never came back (no 
flowers) ; 
Since that day the family 
Have never been able to eat sausage. 
Selah ! 



Good Advice — 

We notice that General Ma is threaten- 
ing Kouropatkin's rear. 

Put a shingle in the loose part of your 
trousers, Koury. It'll save trouble. 

* * * 

Editorial Troubles — 

The "Devil" — The foreman says we 
can't set any more of these war dispatches. 
The "Old Man"— Can't! Why not? 
The "Devil" — No more ski's in the 

font. 

* ♦ ♦ 

TLe Hobos Complaint — 

Rusty Eonald (throwing down a copy 
of Pudge with an expression of disgust) — 
This 'ere Eoosh'n war makes me sick. 

Dusty Donald — What d'you care? 

Rusty Ronald — Why, since the war 
broke out, us fellers don't get half the 
space in the comics that we used to. 



Ttc Saddest ^Vords — 

Onct I read some po'try 
(I like it now and then), 

Which said the saddest words 
Are these: It might have been. 

That poet-fellar's wrong, 
Which I think you'll admit. 

The saddest words are these: 

(Confound 'em) ! "Please remit/' 



THE LIGHTER SIDE. 



189 




Unsopliisticated Man — 

They were on the piazza and the moon 
was their only light. 

"Did you know/' she was saying, "that 
the SmjiJie girl was married last Wed- 
nesday T^ 

'TTes/^ he replied, reaching for her 
hand. 

"And Ethel, my chum, is engaged. And 
I— ^^ 

"You— ^' 

"I am to be—" 

"Whatr 

"A bridesmaid." 

"Wouldn't you prefer being a bride?" 

"Oh, James!" 

And the foolish fellow actually believed 
that he had proposed without assistance. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

**Motlicr Goose*' Indicted — 

"Maria," began Mr. Crusty, "don't read 
those ^Mother Goose' verses to the chil- 
dren." 

"But why not, Henry," asked his obe- 
dient spouse. 

"They are positively text-books of 
crime. They inculcate criminal instincts 
in the infantile mind." 

"Nonsense, Henry! ^Mother Goose' has 



been read to youngsters for years and 
years." 

"Yes," replied Mr. Crusty, "and that ac- 
counts for the increase in wickedness dur- 
ing the last century. Remember the 
motto: 'The tree grows as the twig is 
bent.' Children have gained knowledge 
from 'Mother Goose' that they should not 
have until they have arrived at an age to 
distinguish right from wrong. To my 
mind, and I have given the subject deep 
thought, the evil dispositions and ten- 
dency to wickedness which children have 
are directly traceable to the time they had 
the vicious lessons of 'Mother Goose' read 
to them. And, Maria, think of it ! These 
lessons in crime have been inculcated by 
the mothers." 

"Why, Henry, you can not show a sin- 
gle instance ofVicked example in the fa- 
miliar lines of 'Mother Goose.' " 

"Can't I !" exclaimed Mr. Crusty. "Just 
think a moment for yourself. There is 
Tom, the piper's son, who stole a pig; the 
cat that ran away with the pudding string ; 
the elopement of dish and the spoon; 
goosey gander, who threw an old man 
down stairs ; there was a man and he had 
naught and robbers came to rob him ; the 
case of the boy throwing the cat in the 
well; the instance of the lady who rode 
the dapple gray pony so crueUy; cooking 
blackbirds alive in a pie. These are but a 
few which I recall just now, but if you will 
scan the book you will discover dozens of 
cases where cruelty, theft, falsehood and 
other bad habits are invested in the heroes 
and heroines of 'Mother Goose.' The book 
should be suppressed." 

"Henry !" 

"Well, Maria?" 

"Doesn't your supper agree with you?" 
* « ♦ 
Consistent — 

"Is Grouchy much of a kicker?" 

"I should say he is ! Why, in winter he 
plays football and in summer he is signed 
with the baseball team just to intimidate 
the umpire." 




ROGRESS 




Devoted to tke energy, entkusiasm, groivtli, progress and 
development of tke great Nortkwest 

Elboiv Room — 

Set out an orchard of apple trees ten feet apart, and you will have a very 
poor orchard. The trees will interfere with each other's growth; they will lack- 
sunlight and moisture and the nourishment of the soil. Puny, branchless trees 
will result; many will die. You will get a tent\ of a crop of a very poor quality 
of apples. 

Set out your trees forty feet apart, and each one will thrive, without trespass' 
ing upon its neighbor. Each will attain a symmetrical growth, with a deep, wide 
rootage, and broad low-spreading branches. 

That's the way the Lord intended apple trees to grow. 

This isn't a disquisition upon appln trees. It\s an allegory. 

Men are like apple trees — THEY NEED ROOM. The more room a man ha^ 
the more he'll grow and expand and d'ivelop. 

That is one of the chief charms of the Pacific Coast; we have lots of room. 

''Room" is another way of saying ''opportunity." There are opportunities 
everywhere, but there are more of them to the square mile on the Pacific Coast 
than any tvhere else in the world. For the same amount of effort, a man can 
get greater returns here than any place ehe in the world. Why? The reason is 
simple. The resources are here, the raw material: wonderful, unguessed treas- 
ures of field and mine and stream. That doesn't mean that a man must be a 
farmer or a miner or a fisherman. These men take the raw material first, and 
pass it on to the miller, the manufaclvrcr, the merchant, the lawyer. When 
they prosper, everybody prospers. 

That's the first reason: resources. The second ?>; elbow room. We aren't 
smothered to death with competition. There is room for all. No matter what your 
business, the Pacific Coast offers you an opportunity. It's a young, growing, 
uncrowded country, whose greatest need is men. And there's lots of elbow room. 



Tke Ijcviris and Clark Exposition — 

As tlio work on the grounds and build- 
ings of the Lewis and Chirk Exposition 
grows apaee, the great Fair becomes more 
a reality in the minds of those who are 
observing its progress. There is some- 
thing very real and su])stantial about th«3 
great structures, so rapidly taking form, 
in whicli the Exposition is to ho lioused. 
The sense of vagueness is lost before this 
manifestation of reality. 

The Fair is a fact. The scoffings of the 
incredulous are hushed. There remains 
no room for doubt. To any one who has 
recently visited the site and observed the 
beautifully graded grounds and gardens, 
the massive buildings, all under roof, and 



the signs of activity in every direction* 
the Fair is already an assured success. 

The only thing that can turn this an- 
ticipated triumph to a failure will be a 
lack of attendance. Xo matter how great 
the Exposition may be, if visitors are not 
attracted, its success will be defeated. Tho 
great question is. Will the people come^ 

The Portland Oregonian says that the 
grounds on which we expect visitors from 
the East are not at all those depended on 
at St. Louis — supremacy in magnitude of 
plan or of display. We do hope for a 
moderate attendance on the part of those 
who will come to see what we can do and 
to visit this part of the country for its 
own sak(»: but the bulk of our attendance 



192 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



will be from Oregon and her neighbors, 
between the Pacific and the Rockies, be- 
tween Alaska and South America. There- 
fore the great problem is, how to make the 
Exposition attractive to our own people; 
and its solution is largely a process of 
selection exercised at St. Louis. Presi- 
dent Elliot's advice is worth while, for 
he is in a position to know what has 
proved attractive there. 

It is fortunate that Director-General 
Goode is now making a study of condi- 
tions at St. Louis, and that Colonel Dosch, 
whose judgment on exhibits will be largely 
relied upon, is there all the time and de- 
voting himself to separating the wheat 
from the chaff. He thinks that about 
seventy-five per cent of the exhibits at 
St. Louis are better away from here than 
on hand. He hopes to get the desirable 
twenty-five per cent and add to them 
others equally attractive. 

The supreme desideratum at the Lewis 
and Clark Fair is a collection of buildings, 
electric displays, exhibits and entertain- 
ments that will draw our own people 
thither irresistibly again and again. Hence 
we want from St. Louis, if we can get 
them, those attractions which are always 
thronged with sightseers and to which the 
pilgrim returns to renew impressions of 
wonder and delight. There are paintings 
in the Fine Arts building to which the 
jaded traveler repairs again and again 
whenever he is in their vicinity. There 
are Florentine marbles in the Manufac- 
tures building which would draw many to 
the Lewis and Clark grounds for a second 
visit with their chaste and poetic beauty 
if they were the only attraction there. But 
not to discriminate, for inclinations are 
various, the St. Louis Fair is in reality 
Oregon's great opportunity; and for an 
Exposition of our size and scope and ex- 
• pected attendance, the fresh experience 
at St. Louis puts us on a far more advan- 
tageous footing than if we were taking up 
the matter more in the dark without these 
trustworthy guides. 

Wkeat Growing vs. Diversified Farming 

Not many years ago, nearly all of the 
arable land of the Pacific Coast — or at 
least, of the Northwest — was sown to 
wheat. The acreage was so vast that, no 



mater how small the returns per acre, 
the income was princely. Wheat required 
less fitting than most crops; there was 
less trouble in handling it ; and the market 
was certain. The land was new and year 
after year produced immense crops with- 
out signs of exhaustion. 

These conditions still hold, but in a 
diminished degree. The wheat king still 
reigns, but his ascendency is waning. Vast 
areas of government or railroad lands are 
no longer to be had for a nominal price; 
the great wheat fields of a decade ago are 
beginning to show signs of exhaustion: 
and the farmer, through force of necessity, 
is turning to other crops. 

At first blush this change might be 
reckoned a hardship, but this is not true. 
A country where diversified farming pre- 
vails is always far more prosperous than 
one in which wheat — or any other one 
crop — is produced. A great wheat farm, 
that might support one man in affluence, 
when cut up into small tracts, will support 
fifty or a hundred men in comfort. And 
it stands to reason that fifty or a hundred 
small farmers will bring far more business 
to the district they inhabit than one big 
farmer. An acre of land sown to wheat 
may yield its owner a net return of five 
dollars, maybe more, probably less, while 
an acre cultivated for diversified products 
will yield twice, thrice or many times 
that amount. Then, too, diversified farm- 
ing is much better for the land. Continu- 
ous crops of wheat sap the vitality of the 
land, without putting anything back. Al- 
ternated with clover, the fertility of the 
land is maintained. A scientific rotation 
of crops will not only perpetuate the pro- 
ductivity of the soil, but will increase it. 

Thus, in all ways, diversified farming is 
better for the country where it is practi^. 
It means a greater population; it means 
greater returns per acre; it means the 
maintenance of the soil's fertility. The 
most prosperous districts in the world are 
those where the small farmer tills the 
soil. 

The wheat king is doomed. Inevitably 
his broad acres will be broken up into small 
fields. He is a picturesque figure, but 
concentration and competition will not 
stay their march for him. It is evolution- 
ary, inevitable. 



DRIFT. 





It Wasn't New York. 

A gentleman who had occasion to go to 
an inland New England village ten miles 
from a railroad was met at the station by 
an old fellow who looked as if he might have 
just awakened after a Bip Vankle sleep. His 
horse and buggy were in keeping with their 
owner's ancient appearance. 

"Here we air at last," said the driver, 
when they finally came to three houses and 
a blacksmith's shop. 

"This isn't much of a place, is itf" said 
the depressed stranger, looking around. 

"Oh, you don't see all o' it from here," 
was the reply. "Thar's two more houses 
over behind that hill thar, an' a cooper's 
shop jest around that bend in the road thar. 
Come to bunch 'em all together an' it's con- 
sid'able o' a place— but o' course it ain't 
New York."— May Woman's Home Com- 
panion. 

• « « 

Canard Disproved. 

The Kentucky delegation is assembled in 
the corridor of the Wadditorium hotel, when 
a facetious Michigander seeks to make merry 
at their expense. Calling to a passing bell 
boy, he says: 

' ' I suppose you have been kept pretty busy 
since all these Kentuckians came to the 
house f" 

"No busier than usual, sir." 

"Why, don't they keep you rushing every 
morning bringing drinks to their rooms when 
they get upf" 

"No, sir," replies the boy courteously, 
while the Kentuckians smile approvingly. 

"You don't mean to say that they don't 
drink f" asks the Michigander. 

"No, sir. They don't go to bed."— Judge. 



A Small Matter. 

French maid (to inquiring friend)— "Oui, 
madame is ill, but ze doctor haf pronounce it 
something very trifling, very small." 

Friend — "Oh, I am so relieved, for I was 
real anxious. What does the doctor say the 
trouble ist" 

French maid— "Let me recall. It was 
something very leetle. Oh, oui, I have it now! 
Madame has ze smallpox."— May Woman's 
Home Companion. 



V BRAND 




PERrECTlON iH! 
CAMMED GOODS 

Feas.Corn.rruits 
Toma.to€5. Beans 
YcjGtaLbks.Citsup! 
Salmon.OlivcOilJ 
Syrupy XI ams, 
0Y5tGr5.6hrimp. 
Lobster^,... 



Preferred Stock 




AiiEN.g Lewis 



fortland . Ore gon 




u 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



Helpfol Hinti. 

The anxious mother rings up what she 
thinks is the day nurserj to ask for some ad- 
vice as to her child. She asks the central 
for the "nurserj," and is given Mr. Got- 
friend Gluber, the florist and tree dealer. The 
following conversation ensues: 

"I eaUed up the nurserj. Is this the nur- 
sery f" 

"Yes, ma'am." 

' * I am so worried about mj little Bose. ' ' 

"Vat seems to be der madder f" 

"Oh, not so verj much, perhaps, but just 
a general listlessness and lack of life." 

"Ain'd growing righd, ehf" 

"No, sir." 

"Veil, J del) you vat you do. You dake 
der skissors und cut off apoud two inches 
vrom der limbs, und"-— 

"Whaa-atf" 

"I say, dake der skissors und cut off apoud 
two inches vrom der limbs, und den turn der 
garten hose on for apoud four hours in der 
morning"— 

"Wha-a-atf" 

"Turn der garten hose on for apoud four 
hours in der morning, und den pile a lot ohf 
plack dirt all arount, und sprinkle mit in- 
segt powter all ofer der top"— 

"Sir-r-rf" 

"Shprinkle mit insegt powter all ofer der 
top. You know usually id is noddings but 
pugs dot"— 



Precious Stones 



We make m busineM of SeMng 

Mid Culling PRCaOUS STONES 

of H 



If you have a rough gem you 
would like cut and mounted in 
a ring, stick pin or brooch, send 
it to us and we will let you know 
what the cost will be. As we 
do our own manufacturing, we 
are in a position to turn out the 
work without delay. We can 
duplicate or make any thing 
in gold or silver. 

IRTK CAItItT 

Always a stock of OptJ», Totmnaliiiest 
Beryls, Peridots, Ganieti, divines, Rubks, 
Emeraldi, Almciidincs, Tiger Eyes, Agates, 
MocmstoQCs, Sapfilrcs, Tttrqtioise, Blood- 
stoocs, ToptiZ, etc. Write us for any thing 
you want. 

JAEGER. BROS.,''S^V^i^ 

290 M sr rii ia St.. near nflh, Piti— i. Ore, 



TREAT FOR THE TRAVELER 



THE best medical authorities are unanimous in recom- 
mending horseback riding for nervous, lung and 
kindred complaints. Particularly is this mode of exercise 
benci^dal on this West coast, where the patient can enjoy 
the pure open air, inhale nature's ozone and the resinous 
fragrance of pine, fir, cedar and hemlock. 

Saddi«s Horses and Carriagbs 
HoRSBS Bought and Soi«d : 

PORTLAND lUDINC CLUB w.c«owh.«,. 

394 Elevenlh St, Pbrlkuid, Ore. 'pnonb aae 



Gold Fillings X SIM I Gold Crowns x $4.00 

Silver Finings x x .50 1 FuH Set of Teeth, SM 
These are new prices for first class work. 

I give my f>ersoiial attention to patrons and DO ab- 
solutely guarantee all mt work for tbn tbars. 
I have the latest appliances known to dentistry. 
OFPiCB HOURS : 8 to 5. Sunday, xo to la. 

W. T. SLATTEN, Dentist, UT" i,«!« "••"SrTco'i 




^oe^ 



DMPT. 



"How dare youf What do you mean by 

such language f" 
'^Noddings but pugft dot ehenerally causes 

der troubles; und den you vant to vash der 

rose mit a liquid breparations I haf for 

sale"— 

"Who in the world are you, anyway!" 

"Gottfried Gluber, der florists." 

* * 0-o-oh I ' ' weakly. ' ' Good-bye ! ' '—Judge. 



A Bad Break. 

At last Mrs. Newlywed rose to her feet at 
the annual business meeting of the Very-Best- 
Society Club. 

"Nominations for the presidency being in 
order," she said, "I propose the name of 
Mrs. Tenderfeelings. It is the opinion of a 
majority of us here that she is the only 
member capable of filling our retiring presi- 
dent's shoes." 

Mrs. Tenderfeelings sprang up hastily, her 
eyes blazing. 

"You horrid, hateful thing!" she ex- 
claimed, "when you know as well as I do 
that she wears three sizes larger than I do, 
and always has! I won't have your old nom- 
ination—so there, now!"— Judge. 



Wise BrothcfSr Dentists. 
Falling Balldln& Third and Washington Sts. 
Portlandt Oregon* 



The Power of Beauty 



It knoMm and imderstood 
hy every woman 

Facial defects no longer marks for life. 
Send two cents for booklet by 

Aza Holmes Ribbecke 

Graduate DcrroaColocisC 

Boieutifio Facial Oorreotionlst 
Beantifier and BMtoror 
of Yoathfnl Comliaew. 

Parlors, S64 Horrlton 8t PORTLAND, ORE. 



An Attractive 
Spotf • • • 

When you want something original and 
artistic for your Den or Bachelor apartments 
whether in a picture, cast or choice piece of 
pottery; or if you wish to have your picture 
property framed and artistically mounted, call 
and see the 

LITTLE ART SHOP 

No. 175 Fourth Street 

Y. M. C. A. Bldg., Portland, Or. 



SanipureMilkJ 

TRUE TO NATURE ^ 
A COUNTERPART OF MOTHERS 
MILK . A MOST NOURISHING 
, DIETEASILY DIGESTED. -^ 

^ A PERFCT FOOD 

[FOP INFANTS! 
AAND INVALIDSi^ 




, ASANIPUREBABY 

AT 4 MONTHS 

AND AT4 TEARS 
NOURISHED ENTIRLY 

^SANI°PURE ' 







Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertiaers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



TAYLOR, THE TAILOR 

MAKES SUITS THAT FIT 

Cutting Experience 24 Years 
Foreign and Domestic Woolens 



92>^ Sixth St. 



PORTLAND, ORE. 



FAT FOLKS 

I have reduced my weight 55 ]>oumds, bust 9 inches, 
waist 8 inches and hips 9 inches in a short time by a 
flTuaranteed harmless remedy, without exercise or starv- 
ing. I want to tell you all about it. Enclose stamp. 

Address MRS. CHARLOTTE WOODWARD, Oregon 
City, Oregon. 



JOHK H. MITCHRX.L 



Albxkt H. Taknsk 



MITCHELL & TANNER 

y Attorneya-at-Law 

Gommcrdal Block, PORTLAND, OREGON 

FISHING TACKLE 



And Sporting Goods at low- 
est eastern prices. Catalogue 
with Game Laws Prbb. 



THE KIMBAI^I^ GUN STORE 

laoa PACIFIC AVBNUB TACOMA, WASH. 




mFVFfiv^ 



Golden 
West 



O SPICES, o 

COFFEE,TEA, 

BAKING POWDER, 

FUVOmNG EXTRACTS 

Abi^lu^elHirify, finesfFlivor, 
Ortaresf SfreiijjrK, Beasor\^bkfricei 

aOSSETaDEYERS 

PORTLAND, ORECON, 



OSTEOPATHY 



Drs. anna M. and F. J. BARR 

Oradutes of American Bohool of Orteopathy and A T. 
Still Infirmary, of KlrkaTille. Mo. 'Phone Main 222S. 

OffloeHooTB: 9 to 12 A. k.. 1» to 4410 P. M. 
800 Dekum BMg. : : : : : Portlaad, Ore« 




»^t^ttttt^€^ttt^^^^^^^tMi^^M 



I Novelty Photo Fan 

THE NEWEST THING OUT 




FOR DECORATING THE HOME 

The most beantlfol and artistic article ever offered. 
Holds any oa binet-slsed photograph or kodak plotore. 
MO PRETTIER WAY eTerdeyUied for thowins photos. 
Can be hong on the wall, placed In a comer or on the 
piano. 

Jnst like oat, made of finest mat or poster board, 
in bottle green, ruby red, pearl gray or chocolate 
brown, decorated with ribbon to harmonise and se- 
curely riToted. Can be opened and closed at will. 
Slxe, open 22x12 in., closed 1x12 in. BEND 80 0EMT8 
FOB ONE TODAY, stating color. A set of four, one 
of each color, postpaid for one dollar. Agents wanted. 

West Coast Supply Co. 

165 Park Street Pertlaml. Oregon 



THE TACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



T1 



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Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 

WANTED 



Authors, Photographers, ATTENTION! 



The Pacific Monthly is in the field for a s^reat variety of 
material. Anyone anywhere who keeps his eyes open will 
be able to send us acceptable matter. 

For **People — Places — Things'* we want good, clear 
photographs of anything unusual and interesting. Short 
articles of 200 to 400 words should accompany photographs. 
Good, new anecdotes of prominent people are also wanted. 
Be particular about photographs. 

For the magazine proper, short love stories, of from 500 
to 3,000 words and short, crisp articles with clear photo- 
graphs are specially wanted. 

A new department, '^Optimism,'' will soon be started in 
The Pacific Monthly. For this department we want any 
thing on the brighter side of life: anecdotes, short talks, 
experiences, etc., etc., that will tend to show the value of 
optimism. 

The Magazine has a place for industrial articles relating 
especially to the Pacific Coast. The text must be crisp and 
exceptionally interesting and must show up the subject in a 
new and striking light. No industrial article will be accepted 
without first-class photographs. 

All manuscript given prompt attention. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 

PORTLAND, OREGON. 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVBBTISINQ SECTION. 



The Nature Library 

T£N SUPCRB LARGE VOLUMES 

4^000 pageit lOXzS incheii 300 plates in full colon; 450 hatf-lofie photographs; 1*500 other 
lllisstratkms and a General Introductton by John Burroughs 

TKe One Smtisfmctorx Americmn Nmtt&rml Historx 



^■^ •■ -^ \:^: -:\; ^, .^ ^!!^^ 



ii|i|iiin 



■ry , but far mare iDterrstinv. 



Wonderfiil in its completeness 
interesting in its descriptions 
Accurate in its Information 

Made on an entirely new and super- 
ior plan which makes nature study 
more of a delight than ever before. 
The only work suitable both for ad- 
vanced study and reading for enter- 
tainment. 

J. S. Strickler, Board of School Commis- 
sioners, Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, says: 

"/ consider the Nature Library the 
finest thing I ever saw. It fills the re- 
quirements of the most exacting, and the 
younger readers wiUfindin it an inspira- 
tion and an incentive to study things-'' 



Jiuthmrm 

W. J. Holland 
L. O. Howard 
David Starr Jordan 
Neltje Blanchan 
WilUam E Cram 
Witmer Stone 
Barton W. Everman 
A. R. Dugmore 
Nina L. MarshaU 



Tltlmm 

vol. 1, Bird Neighbors 
Vol. 2, Game Birds 
Vol. 3, Bird Homes 
Vol. 4, Animals 
Vol.S, Fishes 
Vol. 6, Butterflies 
Vol. 7, Moths 
Vol, 8, Insects 
Vol. 9, Wild Flowers 
Vol. 10, Mushrooms 

And an introductton by John Burroughs. 

J§ Library »o valuable and «o faelnatlng am to 
bm Indlmpmnaablm to all intoiiigont roadorm 



SPECIAL. SUMMER. OFFCR 

Send the Codpon opposite and leam» at oar expense* all abotit this notable 
work and particulars of the attractive Introdactory plan ol sale* 



|DOVBLEDAYPAGE«^CO| 

• 34 VNION SOVAIUE ' NEW \DRK • 




You 
may send 
me at your cx- 
pense.the elab- 
orate booklet 
containlns sam- 
color plates, 
and white 
half-tones, speci- 
. _ etc., 
of the Nature Library. 
Include also particu- 
lars of price and terms 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when demlinc with adTertiten. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEETISING SECTION 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertiaers. It will be appreciated. 



A k 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEETISING SECTION. 

m WASHINGTON LIFE 

INSURANCE COMPANY i^"^ 



FIRST IN SAFETY AND RELIABILITY 

FIRST IN EARNINGS AND PAYMENT OF DIVIDENDS 

FIRST IN TAKING CARE OF THE INTERESTS 
OF POLICY HOLDERS 

H WASHINGTON LIFE Endowment Policies and 5% Gold 
Bonds can be secured on annual payments* No taxes* Insurance 
for your family^ or estate^ pending maturity* These unsurpassed con- 
tracts offer the safest and best means to provide for old age* 

H The WASHINGTON Twenty Payment Life, Loan and Term 
Extension Policies are unequaled* Call at our offices and we will 
prove it to you* 

1[ The best and most successful business men are the best in- 
sured men* No man can afford to be without life insurance* 



For particulars^ call or write 

BLAIR T. SCOTT 

GENERAL MANAGER 

609-10-11-12 AND 13 CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 
PORTLAND, OREGON 

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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION 



WN 



ROPE 

BINDING TWINE 



If you have use for either for any purposci 
write for our latest catalogue. It contains 
many illustrations of ropes, twines, etc., and 
gives important information connected with 
the subject* Itcontains among otherthings, defi- 
nition of technical cordage terms, approximate 
weight and strength of Manilla rope, information 
about transmission of power, approximate 
weight of Manilla transmission rope, approxi- 
mate weight, length and strength of oil well 
drilling cables.approximate weightand strength 
of sisal rope, etc., etc. 



\^< 



'if 6- T^ 



■■-. -. X *^. \. 



V 



Portland 
Cordage Co. 



Portbmd, 
Oreson 



v%v^ 



Don't forget to mention The i'acific Monthly wbcn dealing with advertiaert. It will be 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



««****«**««***«****l 




D. CHAMBERS 

MflAqfactiiriqg OpticUn 



41 




^ ThB oxamtnation of Eyas and 
tho mting of GU 
a BpooUMy 



4i 

;i 

i \ 

2 I^artf est Stock iA tHo NortHwost 
of AltTinCIAI^ EYCS 



j I 1 29 Seventh St., near Alder, Portland, Or. 

i . 



^^ — t'TJeadytoSenfe'' 



T?ead)r 

CHOCOUTE POWDER 

lUe ftoii PURE COCOA. SUGARmJ CREAM. 

QUALITY a PURITY UNEXCELLEDt 
SOLD BY DRUGGISTS a GROCERS EVERYWHERE. 




IFOR JAPANI 

And the Orient, Sailing from Seattle, *Wash. 

SYRA on or about Sept. 5 SHAWMUT on or about Oct. 12 

HYADES on or about Sei^t. 21 PLEIADES on or about Oct 28 

TREMONT on or about Nov. 12 

WRITE FOR FULL PARTICULARS TO 

PRANK WATERHOUSE & CO., Gen. Agents, 608 Pint Ave., Seattle, Wn. 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION 



Hartman, Thompson & Powers 

Surety Bonds 
Real Estate 
and Insurance 



3CHAIIBEII OF 
COmiERCE 



Portland, Oregon 



M. C. Grtnrold, Prerident. W. B. Keder. Sec*; 
J. h. Hartnuui, Vice-Pieaideiit 

Security Abstract and 
Trust Co. 



Nos. 214-215 ClMunlMr of 
PORTLAND, ORC 

ABSTRACTS, CERTIFICATES 
OF TITLE, TAX SEARCHES, LOANS 



Music Lovers! ?t**?rit 



CENDc 
^ oflD 



One 
cents 

> as 10 oenta in ailrer or stamps, together with the names 

of 10 persons who get mail at your postofBce who are inter- 
ested in mosio, and we will send yon oar handsome magasine 
one year. We reoelre hondreds of new sabaoriptions daily 
from persons who think oar Magazine a bigger bargHin than 
Harpw's, Mnnsey's, Ladies* Home Joamal orMoOlnre's. This 
is a special offer for a short time only, so send at onoe. Oar 
sabsoription price may adranoe to $1 per year soon. Address 

Burses PuMiahinc Co., Depl. K. L., Grand Rapids. Mich. 



t^»»»>t »f •# tf tt^tf##»#» 



DO YOU SAVE YOUR 
MAGAZINES? 



If so, have them boand st s 



:The: 



James Printing 

Company 



It 



PRINTERS 
BOOKBINDERS 
PAPER RULERS 



-MANUFACTUKBRS OP- 



PATENT FLAT OPENING 
BLANK BOOKS 



22 Tront Street, Portland, Ore. ; I 



Telephone Main 2305 



lO A. M. TO 4 p. M. 



Tbu RCD aM4 



W. R. INGE DALTON, M. D. 

OCNITO-UniNAflV AND SKIN 
DlSBASBS ONLY 

ns 330-331 Uniber Cxdiance, SCATTLC. WASH. 



#f ♦♦♦ » <l<fe^4#^##^^»#^^^##l»^S^###^^^ 



Wm. M. Ladd 
Preiddent 



J. THORBtntN Ross 
Vice-President and Manager 



T. BUKKHART 

Secretary 



John K. Kolllock 
Asst. Secretary 



LOANS 
REAL ESTATE 



Safe Deposit 
Vauts 



We have the 
LarsesI and Beat 

Equipped Real 
EaUU Office and 

the iarsest and most 
complete outfit of 
ma|>s and plats In the 
city. Our real estate 
ownership books and 
records of claim of 
title are accurate and 
up-to-date. 



ABSTRACTS 
TITLE INSURANCE 



Interest allowed on time deposits 

and certificates Issued 

thereon. 



THE TITLE GUARANTEE AND TRUST COMPANY | 

6 and 7 Chamber of Commerce, Portland, Oregon j 

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TUK TACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



Yaquina Bay 

Stimmer Resort ReacHed Via 

Southern Pacific Company 

Driving, Boating, Fishing, Hunting, Surf-bathing, may be enjoyed, 
and here is the only place where Rock Oysters are found. 




DIGGING ROCK OYSTERS AT NEWPORT. 



Newport, Cape Fotiliveather Light Hotiset 
U. S. Life Saving Statiom, 

are among the many interesting places near this famous resort. Full 
information and our beautifully illustrated catalogue may be secured 
from any Southern Pacific Agent, or address 

Vr. £• COMAN, GeA'l Pmssenger Agent, PortlmAd, Ore. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



P O O O N O 
IVIOUN TAINS 




m 



A region of woodland and water, 2000 feet above sea level 
in norllieastern Pennsylvania: one of the most alluring 
resorts for health and pleasure to be found in the east ; dry, 
cool and invigorating; splendid roads; modem hotels. 
Reached in 3'a hours from New York by fast express trains over 
the Lackawanna Railroad. 

'* Mountain and Lake Resorts, a handsomely illustrated book, 
containing a series of sketches, called ''The Experiences of Pa/* will 
give complete information. Sent on receipt of 5 cents in postage 
stamps, addressed to T. W. Lee, General Passenger Agent, Lacka- 
wanna Railroad, New York City. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



MANAGERS WANTED! 




The Pacific Monthly wants 
a reliable, energetic man or woman 
in each state in the Union to act 
as manager. 

None but those who can give 
high-class references need apply. 

None but those who are willing 
to work hard need apply. 

For the right man or woman 
the proposition is a very excep- 
tional one. 

Write for full particulars today. 

THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 

Portland, Oregon. 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealinf with adyertiaen. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



••• » ••• ffftf • •••••»»»i 



T. S. McRath 

bwi and Sted Prodacts Baildiag Materiato 

Alntworth Building, Portltnd, Ort. 
TMtphont Mtin 465 



BARNBiS (BL CO. 

PATENTS 

Write for oar book on Patents. 

Mechanical Drawing. 

StarvBox^ Bt»ildliAtf • S*attl*» IRTasH. 

Oregon & Washington Boating Co. 

BARGING, UGHTCRING 
AND FRBGHT1NG 

Barges for Bent. Boating of Lomber, Ties and oilier Wood 
Prodnots. Ship Lightering. 

H. F. aSBSPAOH, Maxaobb. 

Office root of Morrison St., Porttaiid, Ore 

SALARY LOANS 

Money loaned salaried persons, ladies or gentlemen. 

Learn 'Our Easy-Payment System that 

gets you out of debt. 

NCI^SON A HINDI^CY 

308 McKay Building Portland. Oregon 





like this again like this 

He cured himsdf by uaing the Dr. Magorii Home 
Treatment for pilet, fivures, fistulas, and all dis- 
eases of the rectum. Package costs 50c. All 
druggists sell it. We guarantee cures or refund your 
money. Trial package FREE for the name of one 
other person who has piles. Dr. Magoris Home 
Treatment Co., Binghamton, N. Y. 




THE OLYMPIA 

E. N. TUMN, Proprietor 

Headquarters for Commercial Men OK/mnia Wach 
Fine Sample Rooms ^lympia, Wasn. 



THE GLORIOUS 

<<STARS AND STRIPES" 

We make them to order. Anysixe. AnyauantitT. 
A large assortment of FI^GS constantly in stock. 



rAeruNBNa amo iMroNTaaa or 



Bags, Twintt, Ttntt, Awnings and Mining Nott 

BAG PRINTING A SPECIALTY 

Write us for prices. Mention the Pacific Monthly 

W. C. NOON BAG CO. 

Incorporated 1893 
S2-34 First it 210-216 Couch 81. Portland, Ort. 



THE MAGNIFICENT SCENERY 



OF 



COLUMBIA 
RIVER 

The most beautiful in the world, can best 
be seen from the steamers "DALLES CITY" 
''REGULATOR" and **BAILEY GATZERT" 
of the 

REGULATOR LINE 

DO MOT MISS THIS 



Steamers leave Portland, Alder Street dock, 
7:00 A. M. dally, except Sunday, for 
The Dalles, Cascade Locks, Hood River 
and way landings. 

PHONE 914 

8. Mcdonald, Agent, Ptrtland, Ortgon. 
A. W. ZIMMERMAN, Agtiit, Tht Dalits, Oragtn. 
N. C. CAMPBELL, Managtr, Ptmand, Ortgon. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



ANDERSON 
6? DUNIWAY I 
COMPANY 



Printers ana 
Litnograpners 



Pkone Main 17 208 Alder St. 
PORTLAND, ORE. 



,E). Pi n axjd^ . 

IEAu De^QuikineI 

UVJ^IR^ T'O ISfl O 
Ed. Pinaud's Ean de Qidiune 

Islhebesl Kalr Rtstoraliv* known-it preserves the 
hair fmm parasHtc attacks, tdnts up the hAtr bulbs, 
clean s^es the sciitt)» *nd posltlveJy removes dandruff 

Ed, Pinaud's Eau de Quiiune 

Is ftlso J oio^t excellent Hair Dre&^inf— The sweet 

ini refined odor wbkh It lejives In the hjilr m«kes 

the toilet m luxury :::::;: 

SOLD EVERYWHERS 

Bottles, 
$K00 



Joaquin Miller and other Characteristic 
Western Authors and Artists contribute 

to 

SUNSET 



$1.00 a Year 



10c a Copy 



The only magazine that faithfully tells, by pictures and text, 
of the wonders of California, Oregon, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New 
Mexico, Texas and the nation's west- 
em borderland. It is notable for the 
number and artistic merit of its en- 
gravings. The representative busi- 
ness houses advertise in its pages. If 
ypu want to learn of California and 
the West, read SUNSET regularly. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

Passenger Department 
Scmthem Pacific 



4 Montgomery Street - SAN FRANCISCO 
193 Clark Street - - - - CHICAGO 
319 Broadway - - NEW YORR CITY 
49 Leadenhail Street - LONDON. ENG. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



SMILED 



Had pilei, 
waa wild 




pain 

Cured pilea 

now tmilei 
like thb again like thia 

He cured bimadf bjr using the Dr. Magoria Home 
Treatment Ibr pilOy fiaturet, fittulaa, and all dia- 
CMea of tlie icctom. Package coita 50c. All 
druggiata aell it. We guarantee curea or refund your 
money. Trial package FREE fer the name of one 
other penon who hat piles. Dr. Magoria Home 
Treatment Co., Binghamton, N. Y. 



WM. DBVENY 



ESTELLE DEVENY 



FLOSSIE DEVENY 



THE DEVENYS 

Tke Only Scientific C]iiropo<li«t8 

IN THB CITY 

Phone Main ijot 

Parlors in The Drew, Room 203 

lltlMiirflLlNrlirriMi,lppMHiTa«IMi PNTUII. 



MRS. L. S. BAMILTOH 



THE CALUMET 

RESTAURANT 

50c DINNERS A SPECIALTY 

FIRST CLASS FAMILY RESTAURANT 

149 Seventh Street PORTLAND, ORE 




MRS. C. A. CROWRLL 



'^•A VisitiAtf VaAC 

J. DANAH 

For M<n*t Wgh Oom Taiior Made 



Granville St.. Fairfield Bloclc. Opp. Post Office 



VANCOUVER. B. C. 



THe tnost up- 
to«<late clotH« 
ing House in 
B r i t i • H 
Colifttnbia 



Ttir MARCH HIT THIS YEAR IS ' 

**THE JAP BEHIND THE GUN" 

By A. E. Wade 

A HIT WHERE EVER PLAYED 
A brilliant Rano Solo, splendid Bass Solo in trio. Lays 
well under the fingers and Is easy to play. Ask your dealer for 
it. If lie hasn't it. send twenty-five cents to the address below 
and you will receive It by return mall. 

THE A. C "WADE MUSIC CO. 

SOX 1—, MOQmAM. WASH. 

KBUM'S CIGARS 

Send for a copy of Thb Smokbr's Guidb containing 
prices and full psrticuUira relating to our popular cigars. 
References furnished from every state andterritory on 
the Pbcific Coast. Addreas, W. k. KRUM * CO.. Ww^f- 
ttaatli WaiMl. Reading, Pa. 

MRS. J. H. BARBOUR 

LADIES' HAIR-DRESSER 

Makiovrimo FAOXAXi MABSAonio Ohibopodist 

A fall aaaortment of Hair Goods and Moreltiea 

for the hair always on lumd. 

559 GRANVILLE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C. 
Telephones: Store, 1291: Besldenoe, llSl. 

Send 10c for one year'a aubscription to 
"American Stories," the best monthly 
magasine publiahed, and we will acnd 
you aamplea of 100 other magasines, 
AM0^can8torl0t.lipLI. Ulnud' ^ *"' 



FREE! 



aU different. 



EDWARD HOLMAN 

UNDERTAKER^ EMBALMER 
AND FUNERAL DIRECTOR 

Ezpcricnced Lady Aiiiitant 
aao-aaa Tklrd St. PORTLAND. ORB. 



9^999^9^9999999^999^ 



We Retail Goods at Wholesale Prioes 



208-210 Pint St. 207-209 Salmon St 

Portlandt Orcpm 

We Sell Bverytlilnif Ton Need 

Harncn* Farm ImplemeiitBy FtsmihsfCt 
Stoves, Groceries, Pianos, Ors^ans, etc* 

Send for Illustrated Catalogue at once. Itflms lipi I. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVBBTISING SECTION. 



PAINLESS 
Photography 



Chos. 
Butterworth 



345>^ WashingUm Street 

PhcMM VUtdk 1958 PortUnd. Ore. 

r»»e#»»eeee^^» l 



New Thought Books 

Mechanical Books 

Medical Books 

Radical Books 

School Books 

Law Books 



JONES' 
BOOK STORE 

291 AMcr Street Portfand, Of^oii 



Portland Palm % m\\ ?mt €o. 

PAINTCRS DECORATORS 



Dealers in Wall Paper and Boom Moaldlnn. 

Jobben of Globe Weather Proof Paint and Grown 

Vamiabes. Phone Black 2VM. 

t6S Smcmmd St., PortiaHd, Or: 



^^ 



Whatever is good in 
lenses, in shutters and 
in mechanical detail, 
is found in the 



Kodak. 

Non-Curling Film — Screen 
Focusing and Daylight Devel- 
opment are among the new 
Kodak features. 

Kodaks, 

$5.00 to $97.00. 

EASTMAN KODAK CO. 
Rochester, N. Y, 



Tbe 1904 Catalogue Is a photographic newi letter, from Rochester, 
the Home of the Kodak. Frtt at tkt dtaiers or by mail. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEETISING SECTION 



Two 
hroughTraini 

to Chicago 

daily frora Portland and points in Oregon and Eastern 

Washington VM the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company^ 

Oregon Short Line» Union Pacific Railroad and Chicago 

& North' Western Railway^ over 

THE OHLY DOUBL£*TnACK RAILWAY BOWCEN 
THE MISSOURI RIVER AND CHICAGO. 

The ChiraKO' Portland t^jjecist, the most luxurious irain in the 

worJd. Pullman skepin; HAr*^ dining c^r, bnfTet smoking 

and library car f barber and bathK Less thin three dayi 

Portland to Chicago. Dai)^ excursions in PullmaTi 

tourist sleepiritf cars from Portland tbrouifh to 

Chicago wJLhaut change. 

R. R. RlTCirra^ G«iic»1 A^emt FiclHc Co4tt, 

in Mii^rt fH.. Sia FriacliCD. C«L 

A. G. HMtKSRi OtDcrMl ArcDE, tsi Tblid 3(,, 

rtirtUnd, Ore. 







Oregon Steam DyeW 
^ Cleaning AA^orks 

O. J. KendaU, Prop. 
353 Bumside Street, Portla|;i(l, Ore. 


POST 

OFFICE 

RECEIPTS 

Will be cheerfully fur- 
nished those who 
desire to verify the 
circulation of the 
Pacific Monthly. No 
better proof of circu- 
lation is possible. 


CLOTHING CLEANED 

^LORED AND 

REPAIRED 

Faded clothing restored to 
its original color to look 
like new. Ladies' work, 
a specialty. ! 

WORK CALLED FOR AND DELIVERED 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVBBTISING SECTION. 

LIFE 
INSURANCE 



Yy^f^fy ^^^ ^ ^^ ^'^^ ^^ insurance companies in the United States 
imitate the features in the policies of the Massachusetts 
Mutual Life Insurance G>mpany? 

Yy^|i|Y ^ ^^ Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, after 
the strictest investigation, considered the safest life insurance 
company in the world? 

^Ylipy does the Massachusetts Mutual pay annual dividends in 
preference to any other time for dividend payments? 

nr|i^Q^|^^ are dozens of other similar questions you ought to be able 
answer intelligently before you take life insurance* 

jTT is to your interests to let us help you answer them* 
|r||.|^ out the blank below and send it to us today. 



--- OUT MERE 

H. G. COLTON9 Pacific Coast. Manager 

Massachusetts Mtttoal Life Ins. Co. 

Portland^ Ore. 

Dear Sir: 

Without committiug myself to any action whatever you may send me free 
information regarding the questions in the Pacific Monthly- relating to life insurance. 



Name 

Address 

Age Date of birth Occupation. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




U 



Cbe Cbiircb eclectic 



tt 



THE MONTHLY MAGAZINE 
^ o/ ike EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

The Rev. Arthur Lowndes, D. D., Editor 

"Gives under the present Editorship the best 
thought and the matured scholarship of the Church." 
—The Right Rev. A. N. UttUjohn, D, D., LL, 
D.» Bishop of Long Island. 



Two Dollars a Year 



Editorial Rooms. 92 Fifth Ave. - New Yorlc. N. Y. 

Edwin S.Gorham. Publisher.ZSS Fourth Ave..New Yorlc 

Subscriptions begin at any time. 




Cents for a Sample Cop; 



^t^^9^Pt^t99999^ 




J. p. FINLEY & SON 

•ndPviMral Directort 

===^== Lady AUendant 



Both Phones No. 9 : 



Cor. Third and Madison SU., 
Portland, Ore. 



PUBLICITY 




$2,ooo,ooa 

a year 



i« placed m publicatloni 
And outdt^r disptays Id 
Anicrica, Europe add the 
Orient, b}|r th« affiUated 
agvuctei uf !^u^apt, San 
Pr^TiciscD, and FraQk 
Seamnn, New York and 
Chicago, 

Tw^nty-flve yesra eat- 
pcricnce tn hAiKlliag^ all 
forma uf comDiftcial ad- 
Tertiflfog Rtanda behind 
our methods, 

Kiitei and informslioH 
on sny iidvertimiig propo- 
•ition . 

SUNSET 

ADVERTISING 

AGENCY 

T«nlh And IMarket StrccU 
SAN PRANaSCO, CAL, 



Are You Satisfied m Ljfe? 

Are you ambitious to get ahead but don't know 
how ? Let me send you a free lesson in Barnard's 
Mentality and it may point out the way; I am willing 
to try. Enclose stamp. 

M. C. BARNARD 

Bensonhurst. N. Y. 



,,.!EGON BLOOD PU ^,. 

.Kidneys. LIVER REGULATOR 






•^niEricanlgiund^ 






Cor. 12th mA 




Streets.. Portknd, OrogOB 



All Orders Promptly Hxecnted 
Telephone, Both Companies 



Our Speddty: 

First Class Work 

A TRIAL WILL CONVINCE 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




Thompion of Scranttn 




Hundreds of ambidoiis persons 

are making money under my dlredioo 
raising Ginseng. I sell the tme American 
Ginseng, roots and seeds and guarantee 
them. I can show you how, on a very 
small investment, under my direction, 
you can make more money than you ever 
did before. Ginseng can be grown any 
where; no speculation. 

If vou are interested in the Ginseng Industry, 
I will send you, free, complete information as to 
my methods of suoceasful Ginseng-raising. Write 
me today. 

ARTHUR C. TH0MIP80N, 

Dspt. 20, ThOMpton Bldg. Scrantsn, Pa. 

Thompson always wants aftw more agents. 



I If We Can't 
I Convince You 

By actual &cts that The Pacific Monthly 
offers the advertiser the best proposition 
of any Western magazine, wo d(m*t 



We Know 
That We Can 
Convince Yon 

We know that The Pacific Monthly is a 
"winner" for erery advertiser who wishes 
to reach the Pacific Coast. Let us proye 
it to you. 




AUTHORS 



DESIGNERS 
PHOTOGRAPHERS 



The Pacific Monthly 
is in the field for short 
up-to-date articles 
with clear, interesting 
photographs. Short 
love stories are 
wanted. We have a 
place for an3rthing 
interesting and up-to- 
date. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY | 

PORTLAND, OREGON 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when 



dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




TO 

ST. PAUL 
MINNEAPOLIS 

CHICAGO 

WASHINGTON 

NEW YORK 

BOSTON 

SPOKANE 

BUTTE 

HELENA 

OMAHA 

KANSAS QTY 

ST. LOUIS 




The Pioneer Dining 

Car Route and 

Yellowstone 

Park Line 



Tickets Mid to aU points 
In the United States, Canada 
andBorope. 



Tolaphona Main 244 



For detailed information, 
tickets, sleeping car resenra* 
tions, call on or write 

A. D. Charlton 

ASSISTANT SENERAL 

PA8SENSER 

ASENT 




255 Morrison St., cor. Third, PORTLAND, OREGON 



CALIFORNIA 



Go 
t>o. 



= VIA THE: 



Beautiful Shasta Route 

ELEGANT VESTIBULE TRAINS leave Portland daily at 8:30 A. M. and 
8:30 P. M. for the Land of Fruits, Flowers and Eternal Sunshine. 

Fore, PorUand to Los Aqg^Bles 
•Ad Return, $55.00, Hmited to 
90 days from dote of sale 



i 



THE BEST OF EVERYTHING ^== 

For beauUfully Hliutrated bookleU dcscribins this ddlchtful trip addren 

W. E. COMAN, c«>.p«i«.AgMitUii«iiiOr«gon Portland, Oregon 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




2 



OVERLAND TRAINS PAILV 

THE FLYER 

...AHD... 

THE FAST MAIL 



2 



ST. LOUIS 22±R£ii!2 $67.50 
CHICAGO ssLMam $72.50 

MAY II, 12, 13 
JUNE 16, I7» 18 

STOP-OVERS JULY I, 2, 3 GOOD 90 

AuowcD AUG. 8, 9, 10 OAVS 
SEPT, 5, 6, 7 
OCT. 3, 4. S 



Splendid Service Up-lo-Oetc Equipmenl 

Courteous Crnftloyci 



Daylight Trip Across the Cascades and Rocky Mountams 



For tlckels^ rates, folderm and full 
Infoirnatlon K call pn or ■ddrcSSf 

n. DICKSON, Gty Ticket Agent, 

122 Third St., Portland* Ore. 
S. G. Vf RKES, G. W. P. A., 

61 Z First Avenue p SeAttle^ Wash. 




Varicocele 
Hydrocele 

Cured to Stay Cured in 5 days. No 

Cutting or Pain. Guaranteed 

Cure or Money Refunded. 

%/o«*S^a^aIa Under my treatment this inaidaona disease 
▼ ariCUClSNs* rapidly disappears. Pain eeases almost 
instantl7. The stagnant blood is driven from the dilated >eins 
and all soreness and swelling subsides. Every indication of 
Yarioooele vanishes and in its stead oomes the pleasure of per* 
feet health. Many ailments are reflex, originating from other 



H. J. TILLOTSON, M. D. 

TM Matttr Specialist of Chicago, who Curat Varl- 

eocola, Hydrocala, and treats patients personally. 

Established 1880. 

(COPYRIOHTBD) 



diseases. For instance, innumerable blood and nervous diseases 
result from ooisonous taints in the system. Varicocele and 
Hydrocele, if neglected, will undermine physical strength, 
depress the mental faculties, derange the nervous system, and 
ultimately produce complicated results. In treating diseases of 
men I always cure the effect as well as the cause. 1 desire that 
every person afflicted with these or allied disesses write me so I 
can explain my method of cure, which is safe and permanent. 
My consultation will cost you nothing, and my charges for a 
perfect cure will be reasonable and not more than you will be willing to pay for the beneflts conferred. 

f*g^0^Sktnf%/ n§ i^ttf4> ^* what you want. I give a legal guarantee to cure or refund your money. What I have 
K-^a I>4BIII1>7 Vt V.UI IS done for others I can do for yoo. I can cure you at home. 

- .mpossible for 

will receive in 

successful. 



^■njTnaj:ixjLJi.fl.aftj-.a /^AsafS^fAMl'Sol One personal visit at my office is perferred, but if it is ii 
COrreSpOnaenCe V.OnTfaenCiai« you to can, write me your condition fully, and you wi 
plain envelope a scientific and honest opinion of your case, free of charge. My home treatment is 



My books and lectures mailed free upon application. 



H. J. TILLOTSON, M. D., 280 Tillotson BMg., 84 Dearborn St, CHICAGO 



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THE PACIFIC M.OMEHi;5P^ADVEETISING SECTION. 



Brablxbhsd 18BB 



'Phovs Rxd 917 



Poniatia ItlarNe OPorfts 

MAWFAOTDBSBS OF AHD DBAI.XBS nf ALL KDnM OF 

MARBLE, GRANITE 
AND STONE WORK 

268 First Street, ^'*'^i!^^£* "*■ 

PORTLAND, ORE. 



Ow' ■; ^ 


i 


'M\l 


■ '^^iH ■-' 13T.f 


INp^^-'piJHtP 



DAYTON'S 
FLY KILLER 

Used eyeninsB will oatoh and kill 
ererj fl7 in jcnt hooae. Mo mark 
left on wall or celling. 6O0 each, 
postage prepaid. Agents wanted. 

DAYTON HARDWARE CO. 

Portlaiid, Ore. 



EVERY \A/OMAIM 

Is interested and should know about the wonderful 
MARVEL Whiriinc Spray 
The new Vaginal Sjrringe. Injection and suction. Best 
—safest— most convenient. It cleanses instantly. 




Aak jour dmggUt for it. If he can not supply, the MABVBI. 
accept no other bat send stamp for illustrated book— sealed. 
It glres fnll particulars and directions Invaluable to ladies. 
MARTlSIi CO., 41 Park Row, Boom 142, N. Y. 



mmm m BM^Fn ><> >nen in every state to travel- 
wW ^mtw m Aa# tack signs and distribute sam, 
pies and circulars of our goods. Salary |6o per month, 
$3 per day for expenses. KUHLMAN CO.. Dept A, 
AtUs Block, Chicago. 













>>>>>>>> 




Daily Po0t-lntelligencer, 12 to 16 pages 
Publishes the fullest telegraphic 








Seattle's Great Paper 




M ^ news from all parts of the world. 
/ CJC AH the state and local news. 




The Dally 




per month. 




S tf n d a y 




Sunday Po0t«InteUigencer, 30 to 40 pages 






The largest and most complete 




Twice a Week 




^ ^ Sunday paper north of San Fran- 
^ mf Cisco. Special departments of lit- 


















UT% 199 




news. Sundayedition,$2peryear. 




r-l 




Twice a Week Edition tke Seattle Port- 
InteUigencer 

All the news of the week in con- 
cise detailed form. The Twice a 




Hie 




^ A Week Edition is the best Twice 
^1 a Weeic paper published on the 




Post -Intelligencer 










copy and be convinced. Sub- 




Sample copies free 




scription price, $1 per year. 




Write for one 




ALL POSTMASTERS WILL TAKE SUBSCmPTIONS 




POST - INTELLIGENCER CO. 

SEATTI^E, "WASH. 




>>>>>>>> 







Don't forget to ^nentien Th e Pac i fic ' ' MantM y^Hemdealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEBTISING SECTION. 



^^lEe Illinois Central 



Connects at St. Paul, Omaha and New Orleans 
with all transcontinental lines. Call on or write 
the undersigned before purchasing your ticket to 
St. Louis. We will ticket you via any route you 
may desire, give you the very best service ob- 
tainable and quote you the special rates now in 
effect to Eastern points. 



B. H. TRUMBUI^I^» Commercial Atft., 14STlmira St., PovtlaAa, Or*. 
J. C. I^INDS£Y» Trav. F. O^ P. A., 149 THira St., PortlaAa, Or*. 
PAUI^ B. THOMPSON* F. O^ P. A., ColmaA Block, Soattlo, DITaslm. 

I 



Herring-Hall- 
Marvin Safe Csi 

Manufacturers of ttie 

Genuine HaH's Safe & Lode 
Co.'s Safes 

and operating the 

LARGEST AND 
BEST EQUIPPED 
SAFE WORKS 
IN THE WORLD 



PORTLAND SAPE CO., Sole Agents 

70 Sixth Street, Portland, 0i«. 




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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



SOMETHING FOR NOTHING? 

Yes, but there is a string to it of course. You expect tliat so we won't disappoint you. 

The string is a delicate one, however, and does not involve the expenditure 

of money on your part, beyond the cost of a postage stamp. 


The beav^ increase during the past year, in the circulation of "The International Studio" indicates 
enormous possibilities and we propose going for those possibilities, and with that idea In view have prepared 
for introductory purposes, a Sumptuous Volume containing a representative collection of loo of the choicest 
full page plates which have appeared in the Maeasine, BEAUTIFUL COLOR WORK and GRAVURKS, illus- 
trating most attractively the progress in reproductive art during recent years. The volume is handsomely 
and subifttantially bound, valued at $5.00 and well worth ihe price. This may be yours without money and 
without price, not as a premium with the Magazine, else we should not be so lone in the telling, besides that 
would not be, strictly speaking, without price, but yours for indicated interest, without costing you a penny 
even for express charges. Of coarse we wi-h you to know all about the Magazine, which will be fully 
described, with particulars of the "Studio Art Album" if you will indicate interest sufficient to fill in and 
send us the attached coupon. 


THE INTERNATIONAL STUDIO 

A Monthly Magazine of the Arts and Crafts with over 150 illtistratfons in each Issue 
Beautiful color work, mezzotints^ sfravures, etchings, etc^ published at 

THC BODI^CY HEAD 

67 rifth Ave.. New York 


As a sitssestion of what you may expect 
the BAagazine to be, we quote: 

The Nbw York Tribunb — "By all odds the 
most artistic periodical printed in English.' ' 

Washinoton Times— "The most beautiful of all 
magazines in pictorial embellishment and the 
extrinsics of superb bookmaking." 

Detroit Free Press— ''A publication that the 
up to date art lover can not do without." 

The Sketch (London)— "It would not be easy 
to have another art publication so distinguished lor 
so many and so variously delightful qualities." 


COUPON 

INTERNATIONAL STUDIO, DEPT. S. D. 
67 riffth Avenue, New York 

I am interested in your proposition advertised in 
"Pacific Monthly." Please send particulars of how I 
may secure the Studio Art Album without cost to me. 

^ame 


Address 





WARliKL 3PIK)T IMJiUSIC. 



Tie Graphophone 

Will reproduce for you the military 
music of Japan and Russia. It is the 
best and most popular talking machine 
made, and its capacity for entertainment 
is boundless. Write for Catalogue A» 

COLUMBIA PHONOGRAPH CO. 

t28 Seventh St^ Portland, Ore. ( 



uattMaiMMtt 




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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



;8» 




MOST DELIGHTFUL 



WAY TO CROSS 
THE CONTINENT 

Through Salt Lake Gty, Leadville, 

Pueblo, Colorado Springs 

and Denver 



UNSURPASSED 



Are the Scenic Attractions 
and Service of the 



Denver & Rio 



Grande System "',r?L^ "^"ST; 

124 THIRD STREET, PORTLAND, OREGON 







MISSOURI PACIFIC 
^ RAILWAY ^ 



WORLD'S FAIR ROUTE 



From Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo 

To Kansas City, St. Louis, Memphis, Chicago, and 

ALL POINTS EAST 



Direct Line to Hot Springs, Arkansas. 
Service and Equipment second to none. 
Pullman Sleeping and Compartment Cars. 
Dining Cars, Meals a la Carte 



FOR DBTAILKD INFORMATION OALL ON OR ADDRBSS 



W. C. McBRIDE, Geii*I Agt, 124 Third St., Portkmd, Ore. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEETISING SECTION. 



McCLUR-E'S 
ABDOMINAL 
SANITARY 
BANDAGE 




utPMau 

anqualified 
success for 
Obesity or 
Weakness of 
the Abdomen 

lllfESTICIlTE 



Write for 
our circular 
or call at— 



Pttt. July 25. 1099. 

THE McCLURE CO. 

417 Mar«mm BalMini, roiTLAND. OMMN 



Dcm*t Wear B>ggy Tromert 
or Shabby Ctothet 



We Call For, Sponie, Preu and Deliver one salt of 
your dothlns e«ch week, sew 
oo buttons and sew up rips for 



i 



1 .00 A MONTH 



UNIQUE TAILORING CO. 

347 WASHINGTON STREET, PORTLAND. ORE. 

Both Phones 




We Want a 
Representative 

In every community, to whom can be 
turned over each month expiring sub- 
scriptions for renewal ; also to secure new 
subscriptions on a special plan which in- 
sures the bulk of the magazine business 
wherever our propositions are presented. 
Magazine reading is on the increase. 
Where one magazine was subscribed for 
ten years ago, five are taken to-day. 
Hundreds and sometimes thousands of 
dollars are paid out annually in every 
community for new subscriptions, and in 
renewing old ones. The Pacific Monthly 
offers ''the inside track" in getting this 
business. Our representatives renew from 
70 to 90 per cent, of subscriptions on the 
expiration lists furnished. Write to-day. 

T& PACmC MONTHLY 

Porttand, Oregon. 



FIRE! FIREII 

When that calamity comes you will think of 
insurance. Will your "thinkins about it" 
come !•• lata? Don't delay. Insure with the 

HOME INSURANCE CO. 

•r New York. The Great American Rre Insurance Ce. 

CashCasNal,$8,000,000,Asstlstvtr|1t,000,000 

All avaiUble for American Policy Holders. 



J. D. COLBMAN, Qeoeral Ageot 

MiM Til PmMi MHr 2i0 Stark St., Psrtlan^. Ort. 



HATTERS AND FUR NISHERS 

— ^i^ — 

Buffum & Pendleton 

Sole Agents for 

KNOX HATS 
3il Morrison St., Portland, Oregon 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 







The Choicest confection America produces — pure 
chocolate flavored with the rich juices of fresh Cali* 
fornia fruit. Rubidoux Chocolates excell in daintiness* 

Souvenir Pound Boxe8» by mail 

50c 

BISHOP ax. COMPANY 

ltviii£Kftiiten of the larswt yartety of Food P/odaote made by iimj oam Gja 
in the United Btatea 

46'4S FROMT STREET, PORTLJ§ND, OR. 





Leadlns Double Keyboard 



NEW AND SECOND-HAND 



TYPEWRITERS 



OF ALL MAKES 

SOLD, RENTED AND 
REPAIRED 

Ratens, Supplies and P»rts for All Machines 



Rubber Stamps, Notary Seals, Etc* 

Sign Markers, Numbering Machines. Trade Checks, Check Protectors, Etc. 

Steel Fire-Proof Safes, Letter Presses, Etc. 



Webster's Pend Shafpencr 

For School and Office 




Never 



out, COO 



THE FAY^HOLES 




Leading Single Keyboard 



Typewriter and Office Desks, Chairs, Etc. 
Mimeographs, Hektographs and All Supplies. 
Shipping Boolcs and Office Specialties. 
Aslc for Catalogues. 

COAST AGENCY CO. 



231 STARK STREET 
PORTLAND, OREGON 




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HENRY 

Weinhard 



MANUFACTURER OF 

Fine Beers 

& Choice Malt 



Your Trade is Solicited 



Elastic Hose 

Cures Strains, Sprains 
Enlarged Veins 

;inJ weakness t>f 

j<)ints, niusdes 

or tonduns 

WrKilet>, fl 25: Anklt?is, $r7S 

Knet! Cjps, *1.75 Knt* Hose. S5 

I eesm^. N". 2 Ih No. 4 *2.00 
Vi Hivse from tlou; to Sn, 4. *2..iO 

All our hose is stout silk of the 
finest Ljuality 

WOOOARD, CLARKE & CO. 

4th a WASHINGTOfV STB , PORTLAND. Ofl. 

BiuCfs, Trusst^s. Belts an J Bandages 




Office I3th and Burnslde. Telephane 72 

PORTLAND, OREGON 



The ScandJiiavian American Bank 

SEATTLE, WA6H. 

Capital Paid up £300,000,00 

Sui^PLU9 SiSO.000.00 

A. ehllt^rjE. I'resUent A. H. Stflherir. Vic*? Prest 

J, F. Liine. O^hrei Ue*K \f. Kiiher, Assi. Ijisbk'r 

Wm* Thaanum. As*^l. O shier 





INCREASING 200 per cent 

the Life of Shingles is simply One of many things we Guarantee for 

Avenarius Carbolineum 



Q It IS the only efficient and practical means to prevent rot, 
dry rot and decay of wood above or below ground or water. 
It preserves wood for at leait 3 times its natural life, and we 
guarantee it will double the life of wood if properly applied. 

|9 It will destroy chicken lice and all vermin. Paint or spray the inter- 
ior oi your chicken ho«ne with Avenariua Carbolineum and you will 
have healthier chickens and more eggs. 

4 Write us today and we shall be glad to show you conclusively that 
Avenarius Carbolineum is a money-saver from many standpoints. 



AVENARIUS CAR- 
BOLINEUM is unqnet. 
tionably the best wood 
preserver in the world. 
It»b the Only one tried 
and tested by sufOdeiit 
number of year's ex^ 
perienc^. 



Address 



f 



K£EP CUTTING 

Cut this out today and Send to us 

TCarbolineum Wood Prbsbrving Co., 

164 Front Street, Portland, Oregon: 
Gkntlfmen:— J am interested in Avenarins 
^Carbolineum, and will you kindly send me without 
cost, catalogues and pamphlets in reference to it. 



Namb 



l«S8WffiSSS>S?KSS 



MONTHLY 






^. ^> 






>M 





MACKINTOSHES 
Rubber and Oiled Clothing 

HOSE BELTING PACKING 



GOODYEAR RUBBER CO: 

P. H. PCA8C^ PRKSIPCMT 

PORTLAND. OREGON 

49"WE HAVE MOVED TO OUR NEW BUILDINQ"®^ 
NOS. 61, 63, 66, 67 FOURTH 8T«, CORNER PINE 




High - Grade 
^action 



®Jt« ^atiefactiou of dealing 

with a high- grade firm— one of 

O / ^ r 'i ^ established reputation whose 

\^T1 QT^/^Tirifl name stands for something defi- 

^aLLOia^UUn ^^^ ^^ substantial-is a most 

^^^^^^"^^"'^^'^^*'* important consideration, especial- 
ly in purchasii^ Jewelry^ Diamonds and Art Goods, j* 

AiL {i\ 3)rnf Nnt^kAttttnt* LCADINQ JEWELERS. OPTICIANS 4k 
♦ <fC Ut* JftWJ^tU}?\tjX2V SILVERSMITHS OF THE COAST 

COR. THIRD aM> WASHINGTON STS.. PORTLAND, ORE. 



•I 



^y 



Gee? But 
its Good 



"1 



THE VERDICT 
OF EVERYONE 
WHO USES 

DIAMOND W 



PEAC. 



Pol t lof.d ^^ 
Urr-, 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 



Edited by Wilfiam Bitde Wells 



The entire contents of this Magazine are covered by the general copyright and articles must not be reprinted 

without special permission. Extracts from articles may be made provided propM- 

credit is given THE PACIRC MONTHLY 

CONTENTS FOR OCTOBER, 1904 

THE TEPEES— UMATILLA BESEBVATION .... Frontispiece 
PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS (iUustrated) 196 

Woman Tennis Champion 

Paul Morton 

Seattle's Chief of Police 

Victor H. Metcalf 

Oldest House in America 

Monument to Abigail Adams 
THE MIUTABY MANEXJVEBS AT AMEBICAN 

LAKE (illustrated) Gen. Thomas H. Anderson, 

U. S. A. (retired) 205 

THE IMPROVEMENT OF NANCY (fiction) Ina Wright Hanson 211 

THE NEW YORK SUBWAY (iUnstrated) . O. B. Garland 214 

GBAIN GROWING IN THE PACIFIC NOBTH- 

WEST (illustrated) Rinaldo M. HaU 217 

LOVE IS BEST (verse) Robert Haven Scbanffler 219 

THE STRANGE LEGEND OF THE DOUBLE 

SHADOW (iUnstrated) .... F. H. Saylor 220 

HIPPY AND THE BOOM (fiction) . . . F. Roney Weir 222 

MEMORY'S LANE (verse) .... 226 

THE LUCK OF SUCKER CREEK (illustrated) Dennis H. Stovall 227 

THE ARCHBISHOP'S MANTLE (fiction) Lorena M. Page 282 

THE PLAYHOUSE (illustrated) 235 

D£PA1LTM£NTS 

OUR VIEW WiUiam Bittle Wells 239 

THE MONTH 240 

IMPBESSIONS Charles Erskine Scott Wood 245 

THE BEADEB W. F. G. Tbacber 249 

THE UGHTEB SIDE Franklyn Godwyn 251 

PBOGBESS 253 



TCRMSs— $1.00 a year In advance: 10 cents a copy. Subscribers should remit to us in P. O. or 
express money orders, or In bank checks, drafts or registered letters. 

CHANGES OF ADDRESS.— When a change of address is ordered, both the nci»» 

and the old address must be given, and notices sent three weeks before the 

change is desired. 
WHO IS AUTHORIZED TO TAKE SUBSCRIPTIONS.— All booksellers and 

postmasters are authorized to receive subscriptions for The Pacific Monthly. 

In addition to these, the magazine is securing representatives in every city 

on the Pacific Coast, and these and our regular traveling representatives 

are authorized to solicit subscriptions. 
MEN AND WOMEN WANTED.— We are looking for a number of enthusiastic 

and energetic men and women to represent the magazine. Our proposition 

is unusually attractive. Write for it to-day. 
CORRESPONDENCE should always be addressed to The Pacific Monthly. 

Chamber of Commerce Building, Portland, Oregon, and not to individaal 

members of the firm. 



CHAS. E. LADD. President 

J. THORBURN ROSS, Vice President 

ALEX SWEEK, Secretary 

WILLIAM BITTLE WELLS. Manager 

CEO. M . GAGE, Assistant Manager 



^ift Parifir Hhmtlfltt f ttbliHtfing Co. 

CHpuabrr of flumaum Vntldtng u fliirtlatib. OPrrooa 



Copyright. 1904. by William Bittle WelU 
Ent««d at the Postofllce of Portland. Oregon as second-class matter. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



EUGENE 
BUSINESS 
COLLEGE 



F. S. HAROUN, President 



A Thofotsghly Modern 
BiainoB G>Ueget preparing 
young men and yotsng 
women for business life 



EUGENE, OREGON 



Portland Academy 

•ttttf aattf ftttttttttt iff ttttttgafatatfito>j> 

The sixteenth year will open September 19. 1904. 

The Academy proper fits boys and girls for college. 

A primary and grammar school receives boys and 
girls as early as the age of 6, and fiu them for the 
Academy. 

A gymnasium In charge of a skilled director is on 
the Academy grounds. 

The Academy opened In September, 1902, a boarding 
hall for girls. The hall is at 191 Eleventh street, and 
Is under the immediate supervision of Miss Colina 
Campbell. 

For Catalogue or further information, address 

Portland Academy, Portland, Ore. 



r^Aluitlhifl Collegiate, Preparatory. 

V^ V I U 111 1/ 1 U Commercial and Gram- 

T f««S%F^^tt«»S^«F ^^^ Grade Courses. 
V/niVCrSlljr Boarding School for 

APPLY FOR CATALOGUE Young men and boys. 

Box 35? University Poric Station, ik>rtland. Or. 



Hill Military 
Academy 

Portland, Oregon 

Boarding and Day School for boys 
and young men 

The success and high standing of many hundreds of 
Dr. Hill's former pupils and graduates during the last 24 
years Indicate the merit of his methods. 

Manual Training, Classical, College and Business 
Courses. For catalogue, address 

DR. J. W. HILL. Principal 




ntMnBu 

One of tlie liest* equipped sdiools on the 
Pacific Coast*, Specialists in every depart- 
ment, thus offering all the advantages of 
Eastern and European Conservatories. 

DEPARTMENT8 OF iN8TRUCTiON 

Piano, Organ. Voice, Violin and other String In- 
struments — Kindergarten Music Method. Rudiments, 
Theory, I^armony, Counterpoint, Musical History, etc. 
Elocution and Languages. Special Summer Course 
now open. Fall Term opens September 2d. 1904. 
Address L. H. HURLBURT.EDWARD8. Director, 
The Brooke Bldg., Washington & 7th, Portland, Ore. 



Walton College of Expression 

SPOKANE, WASHINGTON 

^Complete courses in Law, Oratory, Dramatic Ac- 
tion, Elocution, Voice, Eye, Chest, Memory, and 
Physical Culture. Graduates receive d^rees of 
Bachelor of Expression and Master of Expression. 
Send for Catalogue. 



Behnke-Walker 
Business College 

BUwnm Slurk, Pdrtlattd, dhr. 

We assist our graduates in finding positions as 
well as giving them the necessary qualificatioos. 
Special inducements to enroll now. Send for 
catalogue. Phone Main 590. 



A 



H. W. Behnke. Pres. 
I. M. Walker, Sec'y. 



£^ 



9|iitpl iriari) 



trict and places of amusement. 



Victoria's elegant Tourist and Commercial Hotel. Under new 
and progressive management and replete with modem equip- 
ment. Convenient to parliament buildings, shopping dis- 
American and European plans. C. A. HarrisoA, Prop. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



A Select* 
Board! atf 
S c H o o 1 
for Boys 



DeKoven Hall 



Located on 
Lake St^laooom 

8 Miles S. of Tacoma 



I 




Combines School Discipline with Home Influences. A distinctive feature of DeKoven Hall is its 
selectness— only a few boys ot good character admitted. Prepares for College or Bustness. 
Plenty of healthful out-door exercise, well-equipped buildings, pure water, wholesome food. 
Not one case of serious illness in the twelve years the school has been established. Fall term 
opens September 10th. For full information, address 

R. F. D. No. 1 Long Distance Telephone D. S. PULFORD, PRINCIPAL, South Tacoma. Wash. 




NKWILL 

RIVEiRVIEW 

ACADEMY 

A. C. NEIVII^I^ 
Priacipal db Prop*r« 

Delightfully located. Militarv disci- 
pline. Our boys eat well, work well, sleep 
well, play well, behave well. Our school 
makes manly young men. Write for cata- 
logue or telephone Main S!660. 

040-048 CORBETT 8T. 
PORTLAND. ORCQON 



WHITWORTH 
COLLEGE 



THE HOME 
SCHOOL 



E 


1 


< 1 1 



Able Faculty, individual instruction, logi- 
cal courses, ample facilities, admirable student 
spirit, fine social life. College. Preparatory 
school. Voice, piano, violin mandolin and 
guitar, art. Fine new athletic field. 

The Whit worth College literature is unique. 

Have you seen it? 

Free upon application 

F. B. Caiil6, President 

TACOMA, WA8H. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 






Spedil attenttoo gtren to CoUecttons 



Established 1859 



LADD (Bh TILTON 

Transact a General Banking Business 

Portland, Oreson 






A. L. MILLS ~ ~ PrtsiiUnt 

J. W. NEWKIRK Oukitr 



W. C. ALVORD - Assistant CaskUr 

B. F. STEVENS. and Assistant Oukur 



First National Bank 

OF PORTL.AND. OREGON 



Oldest National Bank on the Pacific Coast 



Capital $ 500,000.00 

Surplus 900,000.00 

Depodtft 8,250.000.00 

Designated Depository and Financial Agent 
United States 



CORNER. FIRST AND WASHINGTON STREETS 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



ifOXIXISO«3Xl^09XOX»^^ 



J. C. AiNSWORTH. President 
W. B. Aybr. Vice-President 



R. W. SCHMBER. Cashier 
A. M. Wright, Asst. Cashier 



ISb United States National Bank 

Capital, *300,00 Surplus and Profit, * 100.000 Deposits, *2,600.000 
WANTS GOOD BUSINESS UPON SUBSTANTIAL ASSETS 

Gives personal attention to the needs orvoxi amt\ rvDc/^rvw 

and requirements of every account fUKILAINU, UKCUUIN 



C. F. Adams. President 

R. G. JUBITZ, Secretary 



L. A. Lewis. 1st Vice President 
A. L. Mills, 2d vice President 



266 Morriton Street, PortUnd, Oregon 



Interest Paid on Savings Ac- 
counts and on Time Certificates 
of E>eposit. 

Directors— C. A. Doiph. L. A. Lewis. 
Joseph Simon. A. L. Mills, C. F. Adams, 
J. N. Teal, James F. Failinff. 



i^stfntfttt of dimliitiott. Jtmr 30, 1004 

LIABILITIES 



RESOURCES 

Loans $1,831,838.00 

Bonds $886,154.91 

Cash and due 

from correspondents 735.230.61 

Real Estate 'i ^JJ^^ 

$3,455,008.08 



Capital $250,000.00 

Surplus and 

undivided profits • . . ■ 100,243.19 

Premiums 9.671.12 

Deposits 3.095.093.77 

$3,455,008.06 



; j i i i itt i t i it i iti i | i itii| ii t i i|iiti i t i i|ii|i i |iitiiti i tii|iitii| i itii» i |i»i|ii| i itiit i » l'i |''l ' 4'U"t"t"l'«t^ 

9/ SAVINGS DEPOSIT |; 



4% 






XJ. S. BOISTDS 

are an absolutely safe investment, but at present prices 
they only net about 2 per cent. 

3I0NEY ON "DEPOSIT IN THE 

Oregon Savings ^ank 

32 J Morrison Street, Portland, Oregon 

is also absolutely safe. Savings deposits bear 4 per cent, interest. 

Compounded semi-annually. Write for free information which 

gives the names of all the directors and tells how 

to save money and do all your 

BANKING BY MAIL 
Ta0 Up Capital Stock ff 00,000 



fc i | i i | ii|i i f i it i itii|i i t i itiit i r|iitii|i i |ii|i i ti i | i it i it '' t"t '' l"l ' 't"l"t"l''t"l '' l"l' ' l''t"t''l' ' t"l '' l''t ' ^ > 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 









Most Modern and Up-to-date Eiirnptwt IHati 

Hotel in Spokane Rates $1 and up. Elegant 
Rooms single or en suite Cafe In connection 
with private bath 




b^ ^j^'^OUk^ 






m 

[us 


£4' 


hi 




Httu Hatains, frapt. 




1 ■^■1 1' iiPWHBBiH^ 




'"''^o^^e^.l Men "" SpoRane, Wash . 









THE SARATOGA HOTEL CO. 

EUROPEAN PLAN CALDWELL, IDAHO R. V. SEBREE. M«f. 

Opened to the public March 15th Hot and cold water in every room 



THE KLOEBER 

Hotel and Sanitarium ^ Green River Hot Springs 



Most PerfeMy Appointed Health and Pleasure Resort in the West» 



I HE development of "THE KLOEBER" has reached a degree 
of excellency that places it superior to any place of the kind in the 
West and amongst the leading health resorts of the world. Steam 
^^^ ' heated and electric lighted throughout, with all the approved 
appointments of a modem institution, it is an ideal place for those desiring 
either rest, the restoration of health and strength, or merely pleasure. The 
waters are famous for their medicinal qualities. On main line of N. P. Ry. 
63 miles from Seattle and Tacoma. ^ For further information address 

J. S. KLOEBER. M. D., Green River Hot Springs. Wash. 




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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 







TACOMA, WASHINGTON 

Headguarters for Tmirists and Commercial 
Tmvelers 

AMERICAN PLAN S3,00 PCH DAY UPWAf^DS 

w. B. BLACK WEIL, Manager 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertiser*. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




PHOTO BY J. W. TOUHAN 



is; PORTLAND 



H. C. BOMTBRS, Manager 



ThelLeadlng Hotel of the Padfic Northwest. 

Portland, Oregon. 
Aa^^rioam Plan 08 m Amir tap'wards 

Headquarters for Tourists and Commercial Travelers 







rCT™ 



iNGINr.ERf 



Standurd Drop Hunger 



Every One of Our 

POWER TR/\NSMISSI0N 
SPECIALTIES 

Js designed with the view of comhinmg the greatest 
possible utiUtv* and convenience with stfengtli and 
compactness, without forgetting the value of a 
pleasing appearance. 

Tah« a Sboftifig Hanger for Instance— 
lU simple mechanical correctness as to adjustments, 
self lubrication, rigidity, etc. makes a fellow wonder 
what sort of a **pipe dream'* produced the rambling 
proportions of similar equipment offered by many of 
our competitors. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



4 




I 



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8 



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9 



a 

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M a 

Si 



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•9 



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I 




Volume XII 



OCTOBER, 1904 



Number 4 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS 



^A^oman Tennu Ckampion 

IT was by no mere chance that Miss 
May Sutton won the woman's lawn 
tennis championship of the United 
States. She earned her honors 
fairly by defeating the previous 
champion. Miss Elizabeth Moore, in 
straight sets, and her other records prove 
beyond a doubt that she is the best tennis 
player of her sex in the United States. 
She is a California girl, her home being 
in Pasadena, and she is but seventeen 
years old. It is a remarkable fact that 
Miss Sutton has never lost but one set in 
match play since she was twelve years 
old. She is one of five sisters, all tennis 
experts, and until her recent trip East, all 
her championship matches were fought 
out with members of her own family. 
With Miss Hall, also from Pasadena, Miss 
Sutton won the woman's doubles, and 
she is also the holder of the Western 
championship. 

When Miss Sutton's youth, strength 
and ambition are considered, there is good 
probability that she will soon be the 
woman champion of the world. 




Miss May Sutton, of Pasadena, California, winner 
of the woman's tennis championship for 1904. 




Paul Morton, the newly appointed Secretary of the navy. 

Coarteey of Sunset Ma^a«JD«- 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS. 



197 



Paul Morton 

It is not at all strange that President 
Boosevelt should choose to surround him- 
self with men of his own type: young, 
clean-cut, vigorous men, whose ability has 
been proven; practical men of affairs; 
whose success in their chosen calling qual- 
ifies them for a larger undertaking. 
Such a man is Paul Morton, the new 
Secretary of the Navy. 

Thirty years ago, a lad of sixteen, Paul 
Morton began work in the offices of the 
Burlington railroad, addressing envel- 
opes. It was the old story : efficiency and 
industry rewarded by rapid advancement. 
At twenty-one, he was the assistant gen- 
eral freight agent of the same company. 
Before his appointment to the cabinet, 
he was second vice-president of the 
Santa Fe and Burlington systems — and 
one of the best known railroad men in 
the West. 

Why should Paul Morton relinquish a 
congenial position, with a salary of 
$25,000 a year, to take up a new line of 
work with an $8,000 salary? To the 
initiated, the answer is not difficult. In 
the first place, Morton is a warm per- 
sonal friend of Theodore Roosevelt, and 
would sacrifice much to serve him. In 
the second, it^s in the blood, for J. Ster- 
ling Morton, the father, was Secretary of 
Agriculture under Cleveland. The son is 




Tom DeL&ney. Seattle's efficient chief of police, who 
hat done much to rid the city of unde- 
sirable characters. 

Photo by Jamea and Busbnell. 

proud of his fathers record, and glad to 
follow the family precedent for public 
service. 




Blockhouse at Fort Simcoe, built in 1850 by Major Garnet. 



198 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Mn. M. H. de YomVt of Ban Franoisoo, the only 

repreMatative of the Paoiflo Ck>ait on the Board 

of Lady Manafen, the St. Looia Ezpoaition. 

He may be expected to perform the 
exacting duties of the new position with 
the same clear-headed efficiency, the same 
acute grasp of affairs, the same electric 



energy which have contributed so greatly 
to his success in life. He believes in a 
greater navy and an improved consular 
service. And he doesn't know how to spell 
failure. 

Seattle's Ckief of Police 

Through the honest policy of one man, 
there has been a complete revolution in 
police conditions in Seattle in the past 
few months. This improvement has been 
made in the face of the statement that, 
despite all efforts, Seattle could never 
be governed as anything but a wide-open 
town because it is a seaport. The reform 
has been accomplished by one man, whose 
only policy was to deal fairiy with every 
one. This man is Tom DeLaney, Seat- 
tle's chief of police. 

For eight years DeLaney was in the cus- 
toms service and for nearly fourteen years 
chief of police at Port Townsend, which 
position gave him a peculiar insight into 
the crookedness of a coast town. 

When DeLaney came into office, the city 
was full of crooks, criminals who were not 
allowed elsewhere, and those who pro- 
tected them from the law. The police 
courts were corrupt, and in the depart- 
ment itself there existed petty jealousies 
so that it was practically disorganized. 
The policy of the new chief of police was, 
"I play no favorites," and his instructions 




Cable ferry across the Weshkah River. 




The three-mill ion-dollar "Alaika" building, in Seattle, erected by men whose fortunes were made in the ^Id 
fields of Alaska. When completed, it will be one of the finest buildings on the Pacific £?oast. 




Victor H. Hetcalf, of Oakland, California, who su -^eeds Cortelyou aa the head of the Department of 

Labor and Commerce. Courie8.v of Sunset MntiHrAn^?- 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS. 



201 



to the department on coming into ofl&ce; 
^^Do your duty, and play no favorites/^ 

DeLaney has made no radical changes 
in the department, removing only those 
who were convicted of crookedness. Soon 
after his accession to office a number of 
ward politicians who acted as "fixers," 
that is, squared matters between the de- 
partment and crooks who lived and op- 
erated in the city, were arrested and prose- 
cuted in the courts under the state va- 
grancy law, which provides that no man 
can live in the state, suspected of crooked- 
ness, regardless of the amount of money 



nalia confiscated as evidence for the pros- 
ecution. 

Countless similar cases illustrate the 
policy of the new chief. In his fight 
against crime he has had the backing of 
Mayor Ballinger and has gradually se- 
cured that of the rest of the city admin- 
istration. The newspapers of Seattle have 
waged an important part in the war 
against crime, but, after all, it is to the 
innate honesty and courage of the man 
alone that the clean condition of the city 
is due. 




The oldest house in America, located at St. Augustine, Florida. 

Francis. 



Built in 1664 by the monks of St. 



he possesses. This led to the wholesale 
emigration of crooks from the city. 

A good example of DeLaney's work is 
the case of the poolrooms. Wlien the chief 
ordered them closed the proprietors noti- 
fied the police that they would appeal 
their cases to a higher court and reopen 
next day as they had been accustomed to 
doing in similar circumstances heretofore. 
DeLaney sent back a message that they 
would again be clovsed and their parapher- 



Victor H. Mctcalf 

When George Bruce Cortelyou, first 
secretary of the newly created Department 
of Commerce and Labor, was chosen to 
manage President Eoosevelt^s campaign, 
AMctor H. Metcalf was selected as his suc- 
cessor. The appointment was particu- 
larly gratifying to the people of the Pa- 
cific Coast states, for Mr. Metcalf is a 
Califomian, and the only representative 



202 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



of that section in the cabinet. 

Previous to his entrance into public 
life, Mr. Metcalf practiced law in Oak- 
land, California, whither he came, soon 
after graduating from the Yale law 
school. For more than twenty years he 
pursued the even tenor of his way, build- 
ing up a remunerative practice, attending 
strictly to -his business as an American 
citizen, and establishing an inviolate rep- 
utation for highest probity. Then he was 
elected to the fifty-sixth congress on the 



and capital. Those who know him be- 
lieve that he is com^tent, even for so 
trying a position. 

The new member of the cabinet is of 
the open-air type, athletic, a sportsman, 
with a fondness f or > every kind of game. 
He is a crack shot, an excellent swimmer, 
and his erect figure and firm bearing are 
evidence of his athletic proclivities. His 
home life, whether at Oakland or at "The 
Roost'' — the hunting lodge — is ideal. He 
has two fine sons — one at Annapolis, one 







^. 4 






Seattle's ma^nifioeiit new railroad station. Bein^ built by the Oreat Northern Railroad, but will be 

used as a union depot. 



Kepuhlican ticket, and has served as a 
member of the House of Representatives 
ever since. A? an energetic and efficient 
man, lie has won his way in the house, 
and, in his second term, was appointed to 
the important committee on ways and 
means — a signal lionor for so new a man. 
In his new position, he has many per- 
plexing problems to solve. Cortelyou has 
done little more than to organize the new 
department, and his successor must learn 
to handle the complicated machinery of 
his office. He must face the greatest 
question of modern times: that of the 
trusts, and the relations between labor 



in business, and the grace and charm of 
his w^ife will not be eclipsed even in the 
brilliant light of Washington society. 

Oldest House in America 

It would be strange, indeed, if the old- 
est house in America was not a great cu- 
riosity. The landmark that is so recog- 
nized is located in St. Augustine, Florida, 
on a tiny, narrow thoroughfare near the 
center of the interesting old city. Its 
history tells that it was built in 1564 by 
the Plonks of St. Francis. It is con- 
structed of coquina, a combination of sea 




The monament erected by the Daughters of the American Revolutioii to the memoiy of Abigail Adams, 
the mother and the wife of Presidents. Th** stones used in the cairn were brought from all 

parti of the world. 



204 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



shells and mortar that is almost inde- 
structible. This substance was quite plen- 
tiful in the vicinity of the early settle- 
ments about St. Augustine. It is of this 
material that the walls of the old city 
gate as well as the walls of Fort Marion 
are built, and these are in an excellent 
state of preservation. When Sir Francis 
Drake sacked and burned the town, this 
was the only house left standing in the 
path of destruction. As a remnant of the 
old regime, it is highly prized, especially 



ican woman crowns the summit of Penn's 
Hill near the City of Quincy, Mass. It is 
dedicated to Abigail Adams, wife and 
mother of a president, and bears a bronze 
tablet with the following inscription: 

"From this spot, with her son, John 
Quincy Adams, then a boy of seven, by 
her side, Abigail Adams watched the 
smoke of burning Charlestown, while lis- 
tening to the guns of Bunker Hill, Sat- 
urday, June 17, 1777. The Adams Chap- 
ter of Quincy, Mass., of the Society of 




The "Tremont," one of the two largest freighters plying* on the Paoiflo Ocean. She recently carried to 
the Orient the largest cargo ever borne by a Pacific Ocean steamship. The "Tremont" and the 
''Shawmnt" wiU soon be surpassed in freight-carrying capacily by the new freighters which James 
Hill is building for the Oriental oommerce. 



as a cocoanut palm planted by the Monks 
still stands as a sentinel over the quaint 
old edifice. 

Tlie Monument to Abigail Adams 

While the American people have 
erected many monuments and statues to 
the memory of the great men who have 
helped to make the history of this coun- 
try, they have been very dilatory in hon- 
oring their famous women in such fash- 
ion. One of the very few public monu- 
ments erected for the purpose of keep- 
ing green the memory of a noted Amer- 



the Daughters of the Revolution, have 
caused this memorial to be erected Jime 
17, 1876.^' 

The monument is constructed in the 
form of a cairn, the material being stones 
of many sizes brought from all parts of 
the world. At the foot of the hill are two 
houses, one being the ancient dwelling 
where President Adams lived for years 
and the other the house where John 
Quincy Adams was bom. Near by are 
the blue waters of the bay and the granite 
quarries of the famous and historic City 
of Quincy. 



THE MILITARY MANEUVERS AT 
AMERICAN LAKE 



An account of tke recent *'*' y^^r games *^ 
in i^kicli tke soldiers — regular and 
volunteer — of Oregon, Wasbington 
and Idako took part 




^1 



CD 

"is 

"*l 
''ll 



it 

"I 
IS 



II 



a 

o 

i 

I 

I 



By General Tkomas M. Anderson, 
U. S. A. (Retired) 

A BRITISH peripatetic philoso- 
pher, who once honored The 
States with his presence, in 
giving the world the benefit 
of his observations, stated 
that Americans cared nothing for sports 
as recreations, but only cared for them 
when they involved a contest. He re- 
marked further that they cared but little 
for political principles, only took the same 
kind of interest in an election as in a 
horse race. 

As to the charges, we need only put in 
the plea in abatement, that they are no 
more true of us than of all other nationali- 
ties. 

The interest now shown in military 
field maneuvers has its base in the uni- 
versal interest taken in combative com- 
petition. 

The military maneuvers at American 
Lake, in which the National Guardsmen of 
Oregon, Washington and Idaho, and the 
regulars of the Department of Columbia 
bore a part, took the form of simulated 
warfare. Similar contests have been held 
in California, Ohio and other states, and 
on a large scale on the Bull Run battle- 
field, in A^irginia. 

The leading nations of Europe began to 
liave military maneuvers of large bodies 
of troops fifty years ago, but it is only 
recently that the rules of Kriegspiel or of 
war games began to be applied to them 
in simulated campaigns. Originally the 
"Kriegspiel" was a classroom academic 
exercise. It w^as played on prepared maps 
with little blocks of wood, representing 
different divisions of infantry, cavalry or 
artillery. There were rules for the move- 
ments of these blocks. If not opposed, 
they could, in a given time, be moved a 
given distance over level or broken 
ground, or open or forest land. Under 
the rules, infantry and artillery fire was 



206 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



assumed to inflict a certain loss at differ- 
ent distances. 

All this, of course, was a checkerboard 
strategy. Men of flesh and blood can 
not be moved around like chessmen. Heat, 
cold, storms, floods and innumerable 
natural obstructions render theoretical 
calculations of little value in actual 
warfare, and also in simulated warfare 
moral elements come in. There will be 
varying degrees of energy, endurance and 
of determination or discouragement. 
There will be different degrees of confi- 



strength should occupy in close or open 
ground, and the time required for a de- 
ployment or change of front. A man of 
average intelligence can commit these 
statements to memory in a very short 
time, yet no one without practice can esti- 
mate the distances involved in the sim- 
plest field maneuver. Distances look so 
surprisingly different under differing 
conditions ; whether, for instance, we esti- 
mate over land or water, over hills or 
plains, or by night or day, or in sunshine- 
or fog. In estimating distances, the firo 




Capt. Hawthorne's battery in action. The Oregon hattery was with Hawthorne in this engaflremeiit. 



dence or mistrust in leaders. For these 
reasons it is evident that practical instruc- 
tion is better than theory. Finally, in 
competitive maneuvers the natural desire 
to win adds greatly to the zeal and am- 
bition of the contestants. 

In civil life no one believes that busi- 
ness methods or mechanical excellence can 
be learned or acquired from books. Prac- 
tice must supplement theory. This is 
just as true of the art military. Take 
an obvious example. Manuals of tactics 
state the space a brigade of a given 



of an enemy is, of course, a very confusing 
factor. In calculating the time it may 
take to reach a given position, the con- 
dition of the roads or the character of the 
intervening country will have to be con- 
sidered, and an absolute assurance can 
only be obtained by reconnoitering. What 
the enemy may do in the way of obstruc- 
tion or opposition further complicates the 
problem. The object of field maneuvers 
is to make the problems given as nearly 
like those of actual warfare as possible. 
Nothing seems simpler than marchingr 




Tlie oluunpion thootinr team—from the Second Washiatrton Reffulan — ^who won the contest between 
militia and re^an at American Lake, and were sent to Fort Riley, Kansas, to shoot for the 
National trophy. Ofioer^ mated are— from left to rigrht— Capt. F. T. Leg^ett, Briff. Gen. Jamee 
A. Drain, Capt. C. T. Dulin, First Lieut. J. M. Curry. 




Company E — the sharpshooters of the Washington troops in the last engagement. 




0«neral Fonston and staff. From left to ri^ht, the oAoera are: Brig. Oen. Frederick Funston, MaJ. 
Robert R. Evans, Capt. Frank A. Orant, MaJ. Kees, First Lieut. Burton J. Mitchell, First Lieut. 
Edwin C. Lony. MaJ. Rudolph G. Ebert. 




Oreffon battery on their way to the front. 



THE MILITARY MANEUVERS. 



209 



a column along a road. Yet one officer 
will do it well and another poorly. One 
general will bring in his division after a 
long day^s march fresh and full of fight. 
Another will bring it in hot, hungry, mad 
and discourged. All this comes from the 
fact that there are many things in cam- 
paigning which can not be learned out of 
books. Neither Army Regulations nor 
Manuals of Guard Duty give a command- 
ing officer any suggestions as to selectini^ 
reliable men. Ten days* field service 
teaches a commander more about the char- 



together in camps of instruction. This 
is particularly advantageous to the Na- 
tional Guardsmen, as it trains them in 
methods of mobilization and teaches them 
to provide for themselves Yh camp and on 
the march. Another most instructive fea- 
ture of these field maneuvers is that it 
brings into co-operation all the branches 
of the service; the cavalry, artillery, the 
signal corps and engineers. No amount 
of drill in army and parade ground can 
give the object-lesson of combined ma- 
neuvers. 




Gen. MAoArthur and party reviewiner the troops. Mac Arthur is the left one of the first two figures. At 
his Tight is Col. Foster, British attache. 



acter and management of men than ho 
can possibly learn in any other way. A 
study of history and text-books is not to 
be underrated; it is only urged that ex- 
perience is a necessary supplement. 

Since the enactment of what is known 
as the "Dick** law, it has been possible to 
give our state troops an up-to-date or- 
ganization. With more liberal appropria- 
tions, they are now properly armed and 
equipped. Finally, the wise course has 
been adopted of bringing the state troops 
and the organizations of the regular army 



As battles are now fought in extended 
order, it is indispensable to have wide 
fields for extended deployments. The 
Camp of Atascadero, in California, em- 
braced an area of 22,000 acres. Tlierc 
were in this camp 5,000 men of all arms, 
and of these 2,100 were of the State 
Guard of California. 

WTiere it is possi])le, maneuvers in sem- 
blance of warfare are carried on over 
miles of diversified country. This gives 
opportimity for ambuscades, strategems 
and surprises. That this may be carried 



210 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY, 



out systematically and with as little fric- 
tion as possible, a corps of umpires has 
to be organized. The oflBcers detailed for 
this duty operate under a system of well- 
considered rules. They accompany each 
separate detachment of the contending 
forces, keeping in a book of printed forms 
records of every movement, the time they 
are firing or under fire, the kind of fire, 
the ammunition used, a statement of 
every location, the orders under which the 
command operated, and how they were 
carried out. It is upon the reports of 



the maneuvers at American Lake by the 
Oregon and Washington regiments. In 
fact, the war veterans can be identified in 
all the regiments which take part in field 
exercises. 

There can be no doubt that our citizen 
soldiers are benefited by the experience 
they gain in these camps of instruction. 
Nor will the taxpayers begrudge the ex- 
pense. There is never much fault found 
with expenditures which go back directly 
to the people. 

There may be some lovers of peace and 




KetenrM moYiag up to the front. 



these observers that the chief umpire 
makes his decisions and criticisms. Their 
reports are made upon the execution of 
such problems as tlie attack and defense 
of convoys and the attack and defense of 
outposts or of entrenched positions, con- 
tact of opposing forces and the like. 

Since our Spanish War, and its corol- 
lary, the Philippine insurrection, our war 
maneuvers have been much more realistic. 
Our National Guard regiments, largely 
made up of veterans, deport themselves 
like trained soldiers. This was shown in 



concord who deprecate the effects of these 
warlike object-lessons in the nation. Na- 
pier asserts that Anglo-Saxons are warlike 
but not military. Americans are unmil- 
itary, and can hardly be said to be war- 
like. We put up a stiff fight when we 
have to, yet certainly we are not of a bel- 
ligerant disposition, and there is but little 
danger of our becoming so. The nation 
at large is well assured that the victories 
of peace are more renowned than those 
of war, and vastly more profitable. 



THE IMPROVEMENT OF NANCY 

Tke man and tke maid — tke separation— tke secret of tke 
rock pile — the reuniting 

By Ina \Vriglit Hanson 



LONG, straight furrows, red as 
brick-dust, trailed across the 
side hill. At their end, but 
below, on comparatively level 
ground, was the olive orchard, 
each tree set symmetrically within its own 
circle of rock-bordered .irrigating ditch. 

Judson Barrows, resting a moment 
from his plowing, looked beyond the 
orchard, and frowned. 

"If it wasn't for that useless rock-pile !" 
he muttered. "What in canopy is the 
reason for an eighth of an acre of piled 
up stone, to say nothing of the ledge run- 
ning clear across the ranch? A wicked 
waste, good neither for man nor beast!'' 

The young man's face was better to 
look upon when he smiled than when 
he frowned. The smile followed quickly, 
for, from behind the rocks — like the ruins 
of a giant's castle, white, and high, and 
in places moss-covered — from behind the 
rocks, and threading her way in and out 
among them, came Nancy, black-eyed, but 
with long hair the color of this strange 
Auburn soil; delicately slight, but beauti- 
fully curved — Nancy, charming combina- 
tion of child and woman. 

Halfway through the orchard, Judson 
met her, taking her outstretched hands, 
and smiling tenderly on her glowing eyes, 
and flaming cheeks. 

"0 Judson, guess! The most unlikely 
thing in the world to happen !" 

"I think my father must have struck 
it rich," he answered bitterly, "that's the 
most unlikely thing I can think of." 

Two grievances had Judson: one, the 
eighth acre of rocky waste; the other, 
that his father spent his time with a 
mining pan on the American River, in- 
stead of helping him cultivate the soil, 
raise the mortgage, and educate a house 
full of vounger children. Two hopes, 
also, had Judson: one, to build an olive 
mill that, by the manufacture of oil, their 
income might be greater; the other. 
Nancv. 



"Poor, patient old man!" said Nancy 
softly. "No, it is not your father, but 
mine. He's come back, Judson! My 
father! He's rich, too, and he's going 
to take me away with him to the city. 
Isn't it grand? Everything I have ever 
dreamed of come true. But best of all 
is my name, Jud. It was dreadful not 
to have any name but Nancy. Nancv 
Adair, that's it. Isn't it pretty?" 

"I don't understand," said the young 
man slowly, "your father — " 

"Of course you don't, poor dear. I 
will try to be sensible and explain. Fif- 
teen years ago, a boy of twelve was stand- 
ing at the Auburn Station, looking at the 
Overland train, when a man alighted, 
leading a little girl of four. The man 
went up to the boy, and asked him to 
look after the child till he came back. 
The man was my father, and he never 
came back till to-dav; the boy was vou, 
and the little girl—" 

"The little girl was you, the sweetest 
child that ever brought sunshine to a 
house already filled with children," Jud- 
son interrupted, "well, he's left you all 
this time. What's he come back for 
now ?" 

"Tie hated me because my birth causcMl 
my mother's death. He didn't want to 
see me ever; but now he's repented, and 
he's come back to care for me. He did 
wrong of course, but he's mv father, 
Juddie." 

"Of course he is," Judson growled. 

"And he's rich," continued the girl, 
"rich ! He says I am to be improved in 
everA^ way, and when I get dressed up, 
T shall be a beauty. A beauty, Jud, think 
of it! A boautv with eves like a Mexi- 
can's, and red hair!" Her laugh rans: 
out merrily, but it brought no answering 
note from her companion. 

"A beauty, shucks! As if you needed 
fine clothes to make you a beauty! You 
don't need any improvement. He'll spoil 
you instead of improve you. Then he'll 



ili 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



marry you to some — ^^ wrath choked his 
utterance, and Nancy dug the toe of her 
little shoe into the red dirt. 

"He says I am bound to make a fine 
marriage/' she said hesitatingly, ^T^ut 
that's a long ways off. I wish you were 
glad about my good fortune. yes, 
another thing he told me: that I could 
liave a lot of money to spend as I like 
liere. How much will it take for your 
t)live mill, Jud?" 

The young man drew himself up 
proudly. "Do you think I would take 
one cent of your money, child? Go out 
into the world and enjoy yourself if you 
can't be contented here. I thought you 
had always been happy here on the 
4*anch. Haven't you, dear?" 

The wistfulness of his voice and eyes 
thoked her. ^TTes, I was happy because 
I thought it was to be my life always; 
but now that I can go out into the world, 
and — be — improved, I think I want to 
go. I wish you wouldn't look so cross. 
I wish you were glad." 

"Glad ? Of course I am glad ! yes, 
I am raving glad!" He caught her sud- 
denly in his arms. She shrank from his 
unwonted roughness, but his kiss was 
very tender. 

"There, sweetheart, I have something 
which no man out there in the great, 
wide world where you are going, can take 
from me. Go, be happy and good as you 
are now," and Judson, grim-mouthed, 
and fierce-eyed, strode back to his horses. 

"If he had asked me, I believe I should 
have stayed," she said, looking after him 
tearfully. Then her thoughts flew out 
into the great, wide world where she was 
to be improved, and her little feet, which 
Judson worshipped, took her swiftly back 
to her repentant father. 

"It's tough," Judson muttered, loosen- 
ing a strap here, and adjusting a buckle 
there, that his horses might be sure of 
comfort, "but I've no right to interfere. 
She's got her chance, and she shan't be 
tormented by me. Don't see much show 
for me now, but maybe, sometime — " 
and he resolutely resumed his plowing. 

For five years Judson worked days to 
pay off the mortgage and to school the 
other children, and studied nights to keep 
])ace with Nancv's improvement. For 
five years, he held doggedly to his pur- 
pose of not interfering with Nancy's 



chance; even when her letters came, he 
shut his eyes resolutely to the vein of 
sadness running through them. 

She wrote enthusiastically of balls and 
dinners, of her beautiful dresses and her 
jewels; she wrote innocently of the fine 
people whom she had met, and Judson"? 
frown grew black. Then, perhaps on the 
next page would be : 

"I have tried to tell them how beauti- 
ful against the green is Auburn's red 
soil; but they can not understand how 
soil can be red, or being red, can be 
beautiful, so I have given up trying." 

Or, "I fear I was not bom to the pur- 
ple. Yesterday I was so horribly home- 
sick for a breath of pure mountain air, 
with the scent of daphne and sage and 
chaparral, that I cried. Papa went out 
and bought me more jewels. Poor papa, 
and poor, rich me !'^ 

Or, "I dreamed of Auburn last night, 
and of the beautiful, white rock-pile 
which you hate and I love. Don't be 
cross at the dear, old, mossy things any 
more, Judson. Be glad that they are 
there for me to dream of." 

It was this last letter of Nancy's which 
was troubling Judson as he walked 
briskly toward the orchard. He was 
wishing he had not put the dynamite in, 
and blown the rocks to pieces that morn- 
ing. He was planning to use them for 
the foundation of his olive house, and 
was on his way then to survey the results 
of the explosion. 

As he neared the pile, he exclaimed 
with astonishment. The tallest one still 
stood, as if defying the elements of de- 
struction; but great pieces had been 
blown from it, and on the jagged sides of 
the giant rock, something caught the 
rays of the sun, and flashed them back. 

The young man's face was white as 
he picked up a small piece. It was there, 
too, flecks of it all through the broken 
rock. Then the light died out of his 
eyes as he thought of what it might be — 
only "fools' gold," strewn abroad by the 
devil to make men curse God and die! 

From the other side of the orchard, his 
father was coming. Grizzled and bent, 
his eyes on the ground, as if always 
searching for the precious substance, his 
miner's pan under his arm, the old man 
was starting on his daily trip to the 
river. 



THE IMPROVEMENT OF NANCY. 



213 



For perhaps the first time, Judson felt 
a great pity for this bent, old man, always 
disappointed, and never losing hope. He 
felt something of respect, too, for his 
father would know — one electrical mo- 
ment, then the miner's shout rose to 
heaven. 

"Gold-bearing quartz, as I'm a sinner! 
Why, boy, there^s thousands of dollars in 
these busted rocks. Likely it goes clean 
through the hull ledge. Boy, we're rich ! 
rich ! rich !" 

The old man fell upon the priceless 
fragments, sobbing like a child; but Jud- 
son stood with his face toward the west, 
and his strong, right hand inside his 
checkered shirt where lay Nancy^s last 
letter. 

Two hours after Judson Barrows 
reached San Francisco he was ringing 
the bell at Nancy's father's house. As 
Nancy was passing through the hall, she 
opened the door herself — Nancy, whoso 
trailing gowTi was the color of his own 
olive trees, whose wealth of hair was the 
hue of his native soil, and whose great, 
black eyes glowed with joyful surprise — 
Nancy, a beauty, as she had said she was 
to be. 

It was not Judson's way to lose time. 

"Nancy, T have come to take you home. 
Will you marry me?" he asked, as he 
followed her into the parlor. 



A flippant answer was on her tongue, 
but his grave eyes silenced it. 

"I have always loved you," he said 
simply. 

"You have taken plenty of time" — 
her voice was dangerously calm — "were 
you so sure of me that you thought I 
would wait for you years?" 

"No, I was not sure at all — except — 
sometimes. Sometimes I felt as if you 
belonged to me, and I was certain to get 
uiy o^^Ti. I was waiting to give you your 
chance. That day in the orchard, when 
you told me you were to be improved,' 
as you called it, I vowed I would not 
interfere." 

"Then why have vou come now, Jud- 
son?" 

He hesitated. Should he tell her what 
had been hidden in the rocks she loved? 
No, he would hear her answer first. He 
could not buy even Nancy. 

"Things have gone w^ell at the ranch. 
I can care for you comfortably, and — 
and — I love you." 

The girl put her arms impulsively 
around his neck. 

"0, Juddie! It was cruel of you to 
wait so long. If you hadn't come pretty 
soon, I think I should have gone to you. 
I never would have waited much longer." 

She looked up joyously, but her black 
eyes shone through tears. 




THE NEW YORK SUBWAY 



Tke ^reat undex^round rail^way Jiiat completed — an effort to solve tke problem of 

rapid transit for tke metropolis 

By O. R. Garland 



WITH the opening of the 
underground railroad, in 
the fall of this year, 
there will have beeu 
settled one of the most 
perplexing problems with which the great 
city of Xew York has ever contended. 

In a metropolis, the question of trans- 
portation is always a pressing one, but 
the usual difficulties were more than in- 
creased by reason of the peculiar formation 
of Xew York City. Occupying as it does 
an entire island, the width of the city's 
limits confined, but not its length, its 
"business center" circumscribed by no 
definite limits, and with no particular 



portion set aside for a residential section, 
it is small wonder that, since 1868, dis- 
couragement overthrew all plans. 

London and Paris have had under- 
ground railways, but the combined length 
of all their tracks does not more than 
equal the distance between the Battery 
and Forty-second street in New York. 

The title to the road is vested in the 
municipality of the City oi New York, 
but in order to obviate the necessity of 
plunging the city in debt, the entire road 
has been leased for fifty years to the con- 
tractor, John B. McDonald. He also haa 
an option for twenty-five years beyond 




Subway station at Twenty- third street, the heart of New York's shopping district. 




view of the iubwijp nliowiiii' tracki for locml and eipr«iA tra,Ln8. 




Platform and track at City Hall station — New York's underground railway. 



216 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



that, and then the city must purchase the 
equipment at an agreed price, or one 
settled upon by arbitration. 

There were but two bids for the 
contract for the entire work, one for 
$39,000,000, and Mr. McDonald's for 
$35,000,000, which was the cost estimate 
of the chief engineer. The firm of August 
Belmont & Co. organized a corporation 
called "The Rapid Transit Subway Con- 
struction Company" which furnished Mr. 
McDonald with security and finances — 
Mr. McDonald's bond alone being $4,- 
000,000. 

The subway is very close to the surface 
of the street, being for the most part only 
four or five feet below, and the excavation 
itself is about twenty-one feet in depth. 
This does away with the many steps to the 
stations — the great drawback to the ele- 
vated system. 

Perhaps a few figures will help to show 
the immensity of the work. Over 500,000 



cubic yards of rock has been tunneled, 
and 1,700,000 yards of earth excavated; 
7,000 vault lights have been put in place, 
and 350,000 yards of track laid. All this 
has been done in four years, and by 
12,000 men. 

The motive power is electricity, the 
third-rail system, and the entire subway 
is lighted by electric lights. The ventila- 
tion is almost perfect and in summer the 
place is one of the coolest. 

Part of the way the road is laid with 
four tracks, two for expresses and two 
for locals. The fare is five cents for the 
entire trip, but the company has the right 
to run a parlor car on each train and to 
charge extra fare for riding therein. 

The time for local trains is fourteen 
miles an hour, and the express trains 
may go at the speed of thirty miles hourly, 
making the motto of the road an accom- 
plished fact: "From the Battery to Har- 
lem in Twenty Minutes!" 




Open air stretch of traok before entering tunnel. 



GRAIN-GROWING IN THE PACIFIC 

NORTHWEST 

Facts and figures on tke great industry 
By RinaUo M. HaU 



GRAIN-GROWING in the Pacific 
Northwest is a surprise to the 
entire agricultural world. That 
vast region, comprising a large 
part of Oregon, Washington 
and Idaho, known as the Inland Em- 
pire, is peculiarly adapted to the 
raising of all small grains, especially 
wheat, and this cereal has made the 
section famous. It has carried the name 
of Walla Walla to the uttermost ends of 
the earth, and wherever wheat is bought 
and sold the name of this prosperous little 
city is known. Cables from Liverpool — 
the world's market — carry the news every- 
where that Walla Walla is making cer- 
tain offerings. Pendleton, Palouse, Lew- 
iston, Moscow, La Grande, The Dalles, 
Heppner, Union, Colfax and other In- 
land Empire cities are also big wheat- 
buying and shipping centers. Consider- 
able wheat is annually raised in the Wil- 
lamette Valley, but from the fact that it 
is the oldest part of the state, and more 
densely populated, the lands are more val- 
uable for diversified farming. 

In 1903 the estimate of the chief of the 
United States Bureau of Statistics of the 
Department of Agriculture was 14.4 per 
acre for the wheat yield of the entire 
coimtry. For the states of Oregon, Wash- 
ington and Idaho the average was 21.2 
bushels per acre, nearly 48 per cent higher 
than for the country as a whole. Then, 
again. Inland Empire wheat weighs so 
much that it is next to impossible to find 
any sufficiently light to grade as "Xo. 1,*' 
while in the wheat sections of the Middle 
West the farmer counts himself fortunate 
who can raise -a crop that is good enough 
to get into the "No. 1" classification (58 
pounds). Inland Empire wheat averages 
from 59 to 65^ pounds per bushel. In 
Minnesota a sack of wheat weighs on an 
average of about 115 pounds; in the In- 
land Empire, in 1903, it tipped the scaler 
at about 130 pounds, and the price per 



bushel in Oregon, Washington and Idaho 
was higher, 70 to 75 cents being received. 

There has never been anything like a 
complete crop failure since the first settler 
arrived. Robert Jamieson, who has 
farmed near Weston, Umatilla County, for 
thirty-two years, does not remember when 
his wheat made less than forty bushels per 
acre, and it has often averaged sixty-five. 
Different sections use different varieties of 
wheat, the official reports showing that 
Little Club is most used where the rainfall 
is 20 inches or more ; Red Chaff where the 
rainfall is 15 or 20 inches; and Bluestem, 
where it is less than 15 inches. Genesee, 
Grant, Red Russian, Canadian Hybrid and 
Sonora are also largely grown. The rainfall 
in Eastern Oregon, Eastern Washington 
and Northern Idaho is well distributed. 
Grain is sown in the autumn, about the 
time the rains begin; remains in the 
ground during the period of greatest pre- 
cipitation (usually in the form of snow) ; 
matures and ripens with the decreasing 
rainfall of early spring and summer, and 
is harvested from July to December, the 
driest part of the year. With a rainfall 
of twenty inches, a yield of 40 bushels 
to the acre is an ordinary thing, while 
50, 60 and 70 are often grown. Spring 
wheat, under favorable conditions, yieldr^ 
from 20 to 30 bushels per acre. 

The cost of wheat production in the 
Inland Empire is relatively so much less 
and the yield so far ahead of many much- 
advertised and boasted sections of the 
United States that actual returns from 
harvest fields are often discredited by 
those who have not visited the region. 
The yield in the Red River Valley, North 
Dakota, is from 5 to 35 bushels per acre; 
the cost of raising a 35-bushel bumper 
crop there is $7.50 per acre, which means 
that the net profit from an acre of 60-cent 
wheat in the Red River Valley, yielding 
35 bushels, is $13.50. In the great In- 
land Empire the cost of raising an acre of 



218 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



wheat, ready for market, is between $5 and 
$7. Assuming that it is $7.50 per acre, 
and, according to Eichard McGahey, of 
Walla Walla, authority on the subject, it 
never exceeds that amount, in the case of 
Samuel Drumheller, who from the up- 
lands of Eastern Washington, raised 10,- 
560 bushels from 160 acres, an average of 



In Eastern Oregon and Northern 
Idaho, where the cost of production is 
practically the same and the yield equally 
as large, similar profits are made. Scores 
of authenticated yields are from 40 to 68 
bushels per acre for the Inland Empire, 
and when it is known that the average 
wheat vield of the entire United States is 




Two styles of the combined harvester and thresher, which in one operation, 
thresher, cleans and sacks it, as it moves through the field. 



heads the arrain. 



66 bushels per acre, at the market price, 
65 cents per bushel, means a net profit 
of $5,664, or $35.40 per acre, nearly three 
times the profit of that from an acre in 
the Red River Valley. To Bruce Ferrell, 
in the same county, who threshed 23,250 
bushels from 420 acres, an average of 56 
bushels per acre, it means a net profit of 
$11,962.50, or $28.25 per acre. 



only about 15 bushels per acre, the profit 
of wheat-raising in Oregon, Washington 
and Idaho is readily seen. 

According to careful estimates, the 
total yield of wheat in the Inland Em- 
pire, 1903, was about 35,000,000 bushels, 
which, at 70 cents per bushel, represented 
a value of $24,500,000. Of the 35,000,- 
000 bushels, Oregon produced 12,000,000, 



GEAIN-GROWIISJG IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. 



219 



the yield of a few of the leading counties 
foUowing: Umatilla, 2,750,000; Sher- 
man, 2,250,000; Gilliam, 1,000,000; Mor- 
row, 450,000; Wasco, 900,000; Union. 
850,000. The total production of Wash- 
ington was 22,100,000 bushels. The great 
belt of the eastern part of the state, 
largely tributary to and reached by the 
Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company, 
made a splendid showing, Whitmao 
County producing 6,900,000 bushels, Lin- 
coln, 6,700,000; Walla Walla, 2,200,000; 
Adams, 1,800,000; Douglas, 1,300,000; 
Spokane, 600,000. Idaho is credited with 
5,000,000 bushels in 1903. 

A visit to an Inland Empire wheat field 
during the harvest season is a surprise 
and a revelation to one not accustomed to 
the sight. The big combined harvester 
and thresher, drawn by a team of 20 to 
30 horses, heads, threshes, cleans and 
sacks the grain as it moves through the 
field, dropping the filled and securely tied 
bags off, five on six in a pile, at regular 
intervals, every operation, except tying 
the sacks, being done automatically. 

Oats, barley, flax and rye are also 
grown in large quantities and in a profit- 
able manner. W. T. Pettijohn, of Mos- 
cow, Idaho, raised 12,600 bushels of white 
oats from 180 acres, an average of 70 
bushels, and similar yields are reported 
from many sections of the grain belt. The 
barley output of Columbia County, Wash- 
ington, alone last year was over 1,600,000 
bushels, selling from 76 to 80 cents per 
bushel. H. K. Fisher, of Baker County, 
Oregon, reports a yield of 99 bushels per 
acre for barley. Thomas Filkerson, of 
Eastern Washington, threshed 102 bush- 
els of barley from an acre of bottom land. 



Fred Stine, of the same region, raised 
4,425 bushels from 53 acres, an average 
of 83^ bushels per acre. R. H. Prather, 
Columbia, Washington, had 800 acres of 
barley, that averaged 60 bushels. L. R. 
Van Winkle, of Weston, Oregon, reports 
a barley yield of 85 bushels per acre. 

That the flax industry of Oregon is an 
unqualified success and has come to stay 
was proved in 1903 by experiments by 
Eugene Bosse, a celebrated Belgian flax 
expert, who, in addition to about 130 acres 
which he put in on his own account in 
the Willamette Valley, raised 20 acres for 
the United States Department of Agricul- 
ture. The flax, according to Mr. Bosse, 
will produce a much better grade of fiber 
than the best raised in Belgium or Ire- 
land, and manufacture a finer quality of 
linen. Mr. Bosse declares that a great 
future is in store for Oregon as a result 
of the experiment, and that within a few 
years there will be an immense fiber fac- 
tory somewhere in the Willamette Valley, 
turning out the finest fabrics, from the 
best cordage and binder twine to the most 
delicate laces. The fact that over three 
tons per acre, worth $12.50 to $15 per 
ton, can be raised, means a big profit to 
those engaged in the industry. 

The rich lands of the Nez Perces reser- 
vation, Northern Idaho, are yielding large 
returns to flax growers. Over 50,000 
acres of the famous Clearwater Valley are 
annually in flax, an average of 15 bushels 
per acre being received, making a total of 
750,000 bushels, which, at $1.20 a bushel, 
represents a value of $900,000, and be- 
sides, thousands of acres of wheat are 
raised. 



LOVE IS BEST 

Though I must aye remember, 

I shall not ever brood 
On sordid-eyed November 

That marred our April mood. 

Though I must aye remember 

The word that may not die, — 
The fleck of cold night-ember 
In our fresh, morning sky, — 
That cloud shall never dull one slenderest 

ray, 
For Love lights us, twin-hearted, on our 
way. 

— Robert Haven Schauffler. 



THE STRANGE LEGEND OF THE 
DOUBLE SHADOW 



Tke Indiaiu* interpretation of tl&e dual sbado^w cast by Mt. HooJ 
By F. H. Saylor 



ITS perpetual snow mantle, its beauty 
of outline, and its glaciers, together 
with the incomparable scenic com- 
bination of lake, river, wooded 
hills and ex{)anse of verdure skirt- 
ing its base, have endeared Mount Hood 
to the hearts of those resident in sight of 
its uplifted head, and won the admiration 
of the traveler who occasionally beholds. 

Like all of the sentinels of the Cas- 
cades, it has been the basis of tradition 
among the aborigines, and, possibly, has 
had more legends connected therewith 
than any of the others. It also stands 
unique among the mountains of the world 
from the fact that, at times, it casts a 
double shadow. To the white man this 
freak of nature presents a beautiful pic- 
ture only. To him it is but an added 
charm thrown around the grand old 
mountain to lend increasing enjoyment 
while in contemplation of its grandeur. 
To the superstitious mind of the Indian 
the phenomenon displays a reflex of inci- 
dent happening when mankind was in 
its years of youth, and from it he read? 
the future of his race. To him it has a 
meaning, and hopefully he awaits the 
dawn of the hour when promises spoken 
in the long dead past shall be fulfilled. 

The Indian asserts that the incident 
connected with the first appearance of this 
double shadow brought about a remark- 
able change in the stature of his forefath- 
ers. Antedating that occurrence they 
were as tall as the noble firs that kiss the 
clouds with their high-reaching tops. The 
tyee or chief among them was more of a 
giant than those over whom' he ruled, his 
height towering above them so much that 
his warriors could walk under his out- 
stretched arm without disturbing the 
plumes with which they adorned their 
hair. He was not only majestic in ap- 
pearance, but was most pure of soul ; ever 
solicitous for the welfare of his people. 



and was a kind, impartial judge. Pass- 
ing days brought a son to his household, 
and as the years of the boy's life increased 
he became the more like the source whence 
he sj)rang, was of commanding presence, 
his bravery unquestioned and his charac- 
ter without stain. 

Few escape from the impulse for com- 
panionship with one of the opposite sex, 
which, when grown to fullness, marks the 
measure of their joy or brings acutest 
pain. To this rule the son was no excep- 
tion. When Klose Tamanowis, the god- 
dess of love, rose to greet the coming 
morn and sped through the vaulted blue 
on an errand from the stars, the sunlight 
paled before the radiance of her smile. 
Aflame with ecstatic bliss, the young man 
gazed. Attracted, she halted. From his 
lips fell the plea that no more, unloved, 
should she roam alone in space, but 
should come and be his bride, his queen- 
Already half-inclined, it took but little 
urging of a suit, so strange and bom in 
haste, to win a heart already won. With 
mutual consent came outstretched arms 
to clasp heart to heart, but lo! between 
them arose a shape of aspect dread, veiling 
from sight the ardent lover from his bride. 
'Twas Cultus Tamanowis, the goddess of 
jealousy, who, in rage and hate, had inter- 
fered with love's young dream. 

Not content with obscuring the lovely 
vision, her rancorous spite must be fur- 
ther vented. Seizing the golden tresses 
of the maiden, Cultus Tamanowis struck 
them from her head. As the fiend threw 
them here and there or stamped upon 
them, they were ground into the rocks or 
carried by the winds into opened crevises, 
there to lie, not forever, but until the 
miner of a race to come should find, ex- 
tract and gloat over them. While the 
gold is capable of bringing pleasure to its 
possessor, it still retains the contaminat- 
ing touch of her who murdered joy and 
love, and through this, those who covet 



THE STRANGE LEGEND OF THE DOUBLE SHADOW. 



221 



may find misery untold in its pursuit or 
possession. 

Transfixed the youthtful chieftain 
stood; then his heart burst with grief. 
The father, bewailing his untimely end, 
wove a mantle pure and white around his 
form, renewing the robe each passing 
year as a symbol of his grief. Thus 
Mount Hood was formed, and a grander 
tomb no soul before or since has known. 



people were told not to grieve, for in the 
future the dead would break away from 
bonds and live again, and all would re- 
sume their former size. 

As Mt. Hood seems to rumble or to 
emit a cloud of smoke, the Indian hears 
the quickening of a soul whose rehabili- 
ment will be to them a renewal of departed 
excellence, and admit them to the happy 
hunting grounds. Disappointed often. 




A party Mc«ndixifir Mt. Hood, showing plainly tho remarkable doable thadow oast by the moutnain. 



Cultus Tamanowis, her jealousy still 
unappeased, gathered great stones and 
hurled them toward the place of sepulcher 
to break its covering and expose to view 
the object she would see. In their fall 
to earth the great rocks struck the people, 
killing some and dwarfing others to their 
present size. Before further damage 
could be done, the sun god stopped the 
fiend in her devilish work, but too late to 
undo what she had done. The stricken 



yet they stoically hope and wait. 

To prove the story handed down for 
unnumbered years, they point to the 
double shadow, claiming that the brighter 
one is Klose Tamanowis in spirit form 
coming to greet her lord and lover when 
he again awakens, and that the darker 
one is the Cultus Tamanowis, the fiend, 
ever present, if possible, to intrude upon 
and blast the bloom and blossom of a 
happy hour. 




HIPPY AND THE BOOM 



A story of Seattle — a man, a mule and a side lull 
By F. Roncy ^?V^clr 



kk 



I 



HAD a dream about you last 
night, Kinzer, I did honest. 
I dreamed that you was goin* 
to have a spurt of luck." 
Henry Kinzer turned towards 
the speaker a gaunt face upon which was 
written unbelief, mingled with a super- 
stitious curiosity to know the details of 
Pitt Wells' dream. 

"I dreamed," continued Pitt Wells, 
"that you and me went down to play the 
bank together. I dreamed that you put 
ten dollars on the king to win — ^the last 
king in the pack, mind you, the others 
bein' losers — ^the last king — and you took 
the money. Then I dreamed that you 
went right on from bad to worse, winnin' 
money steady — always on the king. Now 
wasn't that kind of queer?" 

Kinzer shook his head and kept on 
currying the flanks of his mule. 

"That dream couldn't come true for 
I ain't got ten dollars just now." 

"You can git ten dollars and another 
on top of it if you are a mind to sell your 
mule. And you might just as well sell 
him; one mule ain't no good to you nor 
to anybody else. Now here we are, you 
got a mule and T got a mule; neither one 
of us can work one mule to any advan- 
tage. You ain't got the money to buy 
my mule and you won't sell me youm." 

"How much will you take for your 
mule?" asked Kinzer, lovingly mopping 
off the long face and drooping ears of 
Hippy, who had been a faithful servant 
to a most unfortunate master. 

"Well, I'll take forty dollars; or I'll 
give you ten, and that chunk of land up 
there on the hillside for your mule. It's 
a good, likely piece of property, and if 
the city ever should grow out there it 
might make you rich — why say, do yon 
know what 1 paid for that chunk of land? 
T paid a thousand dollars for it. That 
was when the boom first began; and six 
months from the time T bought it I could 
have sold it for three thousand if I'd 
known enough to let go." 



"And what could you git for it now?" 

Pitt Wells cocked his battered felt hat 
far to one side in order to scratch his 
head, and his unclean moustache hid the 
sarcastic expression of his mouth. 

"Well, it's worth suthin' to raise pota- 
toes on. It ought to be worth thirty 
dollars, and thafs givin' you as much for 
your mule as I'm askin' you for mine." 

Kinzer remembered how this man's 
lash was wont to sing above the backs 
of his straining team, how the only words 
he ever gave to them were oaths, and 
when he thought of Hippy's friendly, 
velvet nose fumbling his hand, and the 
knowing wink of the great ears at the 
sound of his step, he could not entertain 
the thought of making Pitt Wells his 
master. 

"Come, now, what d'yeh say? You 
can't go on teamin' because you ain't 
got the price of another mrde. One mule 
is about as much use to a man as the half 
of a pair of shears, and by gracious, mule 
fodder is hard to come by now days, if 
it is cheap." 

But Kinzer only shook his head and 
kept on currying his mule, while Pitt 
Wells left the bam in a huff. 

Before Hippy's toilet was complete the 
owner of the bam came in. "Well, Hank," 
he began, and Kinzer could see there was 
something disagreeable coming, "what 
you goin' to do, sell your mule or git 
another ? I'd like to know because there's 
a teamster down here by the name of — 
well, I don't seem to remember his 
name — ^but he wants the bam. Of 
course if you're goin' to git another ani- 
mal, I'll keep the stalls for you; but if 
you're only goin' to stable one mule here, 
why I s'pose you'll have to look out for 
another place so't I can have room for 
a pair." 

Kinzer was angry. He knew to whom 
he might lay this affair. If Pitt Wells 
thought to force him into the sale of his 
mule, he should find that he was barking 
up the wrong tree. But that did not make 



niPPY AND THE BOOM. 



228 



his dilemma any easier to face. The 
facts remained that his good mule team, 
which had been so bravely carrying him 
through the hard times, had been ruined 
through the carelessness of another, and 
that 'with Hippy alone he could not hope 
to make a living. The town had gone 
hopelessly to pieces. There would be a 
job of hauling as long as the sawmill 
was building, and until fifter the skid- 
road was finished, but aside from this 
little riffle of industry, the place stagnated 
in unhealthy inactivity. Men poured out 
as they had poured in. Boarding house? 
axid saloons echoed vacantly to the sighs 
of their proprietors; alders, vine maples, 
and great, spreading brakes were reclaim- 
ing comer lots which had been wrested 
from them only a short time since and 
sold for fabulous prices. Seattle was dead 
and buried, the public said, and had car- 
ried down< to ruin with her hundreds of 
hopeful citizens who had pinned their 
faith to her fair skirts and believed in 
her great future. 

All day Henry Kinzer wandered aim- 
lessly about the town, a haunting sense 
of helplessness upon him. Unless he 
could secure another animal to replace 
the one he had lost, he must give up the 
job on the sawmill, and that seemed to 
him to be the only job in town. If only 
he had the means to buy Hippy a male 
affairs might slip back into their old ear^y 
channel. Pitt Wells had enough so that 
he might lend a man the price of a mule 
and not feel it; but Pitt Wells was no 
philanthropist, and he was in need of 
another mule himself to take the place 
of the one he had lost through overwork 
and lack of care. Kinzer^s heart was hot 
with resentment as he thought about it, 
and he vowed that rather than sell Hippy 
to that man he would take him up the 
hillside, tie him to a young alder and 
cut his throat from ear to ear. If it had 
not been for Pitt Wells' dream, he might 
have carried out this rather melodramatic 
programme. He was capable of it. But 
all day he fumbled the dollar and a 
quarter in his pocket and thought about 
that dream. Suppose it should come true. 
Suppose he should go down to Lancy's 
and put a dollar on the king to win, ju.^t 
as Pitt Wells had dreamed that he did, 
and suppose — well, he would not do il. 
He was not such a fool as to gamble away 



his last dollar. If there really was any- 
thing in dreams, some one — not himself, 
of course — but some one would win on 
the fourth king that night. 

He gave Hippy his supper and got his 
own — and went to Lancy's just to look 
on awhile to see if the last king won, as 
Pitt Wells had dreamed it did. Pitt 
Wells was there; Pitt Wells wa« always 
at Lancy's — and John Dibbs was there, 
and Albert Hughes — all the boys in fact, 
and Albert Hughes put his money on the 
king to lose, and won the stake. 

"D'ye see that?" whispered Pitt Wells 
in Kinzer's ear, "D'ye see the king lose? 
Now you keep your eye pealed to see him 
lose three times runnin' an' win on the 
fourth." 

There was an adjustment of the ivory 
tallies to show the king the loser, anl 
Kinzer fingered his dollar nervouslv. 

"If you put ten on the last king yoij 
make ten," declared Pitt Wells soleninl.. 

"Why don't you bet yourself?"' de- 
manded Kinzer with some heat. 

"Because if I'd bet I'd lose, but voii 
wouldn't." 

"But I haven't got the ten." 

"You can git it." Pitt Wells pulled 
out a dirty bill and held it towards 
Kinzer. 

"Will you lend it?" questioned Kinzer 
excitedly, reaching for the bill, the fire 
of the gambler's desire in his face. 

"No, I don't do business that way ; bu*^ 
I'll give you ten dollars and the real estate 
I spoke of for your mule." 

The dealer pushed another ivory disk 
into place to indicate that the third king 
had been a loser. 

Kinzer's fingers closed over the bill. 

"The mule is mine, then," said Pitt 
Wells. Kinzer did not reply, but pushed 
his way towards the case and put his 
money on the king. Hippy had changed 
hands, and immediately the fourth and 
last king was swept into the losing pile. 

Kinzer turned to face Pitt Wells, hut 
that gentleman had left the place. 

The next day Kinzer went down to the 
camp where Pitt Wells was hauling. As 
he came in sight, a gray ear twinkled 
knowingly, and a mulish face was turned 
towards him in hope, but a lash curled 
and cracked on Hippy's flank, and the 
hard face of Pitt Wells, leering above his 



224 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



load, was, in the eyes of Hank Kinzer, 
like the face of the master of Hell. 

"I want the deed to that land, and I 
want it quick,^^ Kinzer demanded. 

He had presumed that Pitt Wells would 
make difficulties in handing over the deed, 
but in this he was mistaken. He came 
down from his load at once. Hippy was 
looking over the shoulder of his mat*? 
into the eyes of his former master. 

"That mule is too fat to work well,'' 
commented Pitt Wells, %ut Fll soon take 
that oflE him." 

In his heart Henry Kinzer swore, "so 
help me, Fll pay you for that, you devil, 
if it costs me my life." 

Pitt Wells made over the deed, and 
even furnished an abstract for the land. 
He was only too glad to be rid of the 
property, for the taxes were again due, 
and a tax levied upon land valued at three 
thousand dollars, and payable when it ha^ 
shrunk to thirty dollars, is, to say the 
least, discouraging. 

When the deal was completed, Kinzer 
did the only thing which was left for him, 
rolled his blankets together and traveled 
into the country. And the first night 
he crept into a barn to sleep, and heard 
the cliamping and grinding of equine 
jaws, and being alone, and a fool, he shed 
salt tears into the hay in thinking of 
Hippy, the mule, and the quivering gray 
flanks under the merciless lash of Pitt 
Wells. 

During the following months it was 
hard to get a living, for the depression 
which paralyzed the cities reached a gaunt 
hand towards the farming communities 
as well, but not with quite so disastrous 
an effect, for nature was lavish and apples 
hung sweet and juicy on the trees and 
potatoes swelled in the sandy soil. There 
were mountain streams, cold as ice, where 
speckled trout flashed recklessly, and a 
man with a hook and a box of matches 
might dine like a millionaire, with salmon 
berries and spicy wild blackberries for 
dessert. With a couch of fir boughs at 
night and a good, thick, logger's blanket 
for covering, it was not such bad enter- 
tainment. Wliat little work he found to 
do was hard, uncertain, and commanded 
but small pay. Sometimes it was in the 
mills, again in the camps, and, hardest 
of all, in the mines. 

One day while tramping, by reason of 



the pity in a girl's heart, he found steady 
employment on an Oregon farm, and ac- 
cepted it gladly, with its homely duties, 
its domesticity, and its peace. 

And it was here that he picked up a 
month-old newspaper which seemed to be 
all headlines, and the words Klondike and 
Alaska alternated with every other word 
in the sheet. It was the first he had heard 
of the great change. After this the news 
of the strike and what it had done for 
Seattle, and what it was likely to do for 
the whole Northwest began to sift in upon 
him/ from all quarters. He had worked 
hard since he leit Seattle. He often won- 
dered if Pitt Weils' lar^ had driven Hippy 
with more cruelty than the lash of cir- 
cumstance had driven him. 

He was thinking this as he asked for 
his employer's mail at the postoffice in 
the little one-horse town near which he 
worked. 

"Fd like to own that block in Seattle 
just now," he heard a man say over his 
shoulder. 

He turned slowly. "What block?" he 
questioned, with a premonition of what 
was to come, and the man handed him a 
Seattle paper with an advertisement ask- 
ing the address of the owner of block 
number 418, Belmore's addition. 

"I own that block," he murmured, and 
the man laughed, thinking it a joke. 

"Yes, I bet you do. I bet the owner of 
that block is round here feedin' hogs for 
ten dollars a month and his board. Why, 
do you know what they want to do with 
that block? I seen it in the papers, my- 
self. As soon as they can find the owner 
and buy the block, they're a goin' to build 
a scenic hotel on it worth half a million. 
A company of Eastern capitalists has 
been advertisin' for the owner of that 
block for three months. They say there 
is the finest view itf. the world to be had 
from that spot of ground. I seen it in the 
papers." 

That night found Henry Kinzer a pas- 
senger on a train bound for Seattle, and 
a few hours later he trod the old familiar 
streets where he had met such complete 
failure; and the first face he recognized 
was the face of Pitt Wells, a bit redder, 
eyes considerably inflamed, and moustache 
more polluted and untidy than before. 

Pitt Wells fell upon the neck of his 
friend and fairly blubbered his joy. 



HIPPY AND THE BOOM. 



225 



''Back at last, Hank, and none too soon 
to suit me; none too soon. We've been 
advertisin' for ye. Our land, you know — 
they want to build the big hotel on it." 

"What land?'' queried Kinzer coldly, 
as he cleared himself from the demon- 
strative embrace of his acquaintance. 

"Why the block up on the hillside that 
you bought a share in for a damned old 
gray mule, you rascal! I tell 'em that 
I own an interest in the block yet, but 
they won't believe me. They say the 
land stands in your name. *Why,' says 
I, 'of course the land stands in his name ; 
why shouldn't it5f. says'I. 'He's the best 
friend I've got, but I own a share, and 
a big share in it just the same. Why,' says 
I, 'all I ever got out of that land was a 
sway-backed old mule — a balky old rep- 
robate that I couldn't do nothin' with, 
and,' says I, 'I paid a thousand dollars 
cash in the edge of the boom for that 
block, and was offered three thousand 
dollars for it when the boom was on, 
and,' says I, 'you'll find out when Hank 
Kinzer gits here whether he recognizes 
my claim or not.'" 

'^Where is the mule?" asked Kinzer. 

"Lord ! Who knows ? I don't. I sold 
him to a garbage-cart man. Say now, 
old boy, you wouldnH be mean enough to 
shake old friends, would you?" 

"No, you bet I wouldn't." 

"That's what I told the boys. I says, 
'you wait till Hank gits here. There'll 
be the biggest time you ever saw.' Why, 
say. Hank," he drew near and his voice 
sunk to an awed whisper, "they'll give 
sixty thousand dollars for that danged 
old side hill. What do you think of that?" 

Kinzer's heart leaped within him. One 
night, down in Oregon, when he traveled a 
country road without a cent in his pocket, 
a girl looked shyly at him over a gate. 
With his hat in his hand, he had told her 
frankly that he was moneyless and hun- 
gry, and asked her for an apple. She 
invited him in and gave him his supper 
and was undoubtedly instrumental in 
making him one of the family, for her 
father had hired him and he had lived 
for two months under the same roof with 
her. Now, as Pitt Wells whispered the 
price which had been offered for block 
418, a vision arose before him of that 
girl clad in shining silk, standing against 
a background of apple boughs, with her 



arm about the neck of a gray mule. He 
smiled into the eager, covetous, bleary 
eyes of Pitt Wells, whose hopes arose, 
ignorant as he was of the vision which 
caused the smile. 

"But won't we have a hell-of-a-time 
when we git our money, eh. Hank?" 

The smile on Kinzer's face faded into 
a cold, hard stare. Pitt Wells faltered, 
"Eh, Hank? You'll do the fair thing by 
the friend who brought you this good 
luck, won't you. Hank?" 

"You bet I will." 

Pitt Wells beamed again. "What'U 
you do. Hank?" 

"I'll give him a feed that will make his 
eyes bulge out of his gray old head." 

"That's like you, Hank, and clothes?" 

"He shall have silver-plated clothes 
with gold bobbers on the bridle." 

"And drink?" 

'^e shall stand with his feet in a 
brook." 

"And money?" 

"He shall have a padded stall." 

"God bless you. Hank, you are a true 
friend. And how much of the money? 
It wouldn't be mor'n fair that you hand 
over a part of the money — right out and 
out, you know. Hank, to do with as I 
please. This treating and housing and 
clothing is all right, but one likes to 
handle a little ready of their own, of 
course." 

"Not in this case. The friend who 
helped me to my good luck don't care to 
handle money." 

"But, Hank, I do' care to handle 
money." 

"Oh, you f I wasn't talking about you. 
You never helped me to anything except 
a piece of land with some thousand dollars 
back taxes due on it that you couldn't 
pay." 

"Well, you couldn't pay 'em either." 

"They are all paid now, you bet." 

"Who paid 'em?" 

"A man in Oregon that I've been work- 
ing for. I am ready to give a perfect 
title to the land." 

"Hank, he — ^he ain't the friend you 
referred to is he?" 

"No." 

"I thought not. I thought you 
wouldn't forgit me." 

''Your 

"Yes, me. I am in hard luck. I've 



226 



THE PACIFIC MOXTITLY. 



been fooled out of every cent I owned. 
But I am the one who was the cause of all 
your good fortune." 

"Not much r 

"Who was then?" 

"Hippy, the mule. Pitt Wells, I 
wouldn't give you a mouthful if you were 
starving. When I remember how you 
dreamed your dream to git me to play 
the bank at faro, and fooled me out of 
my mule — " 

"Fooled you out of your mule," gasped 
Pitt Wells. "I gave you over sixty thou- 
sand dollars for your mule. Do you call 
that )foolin' you out of your mule?" 

"When I think of how you lashed the 
poor thing just because you knew it made 
me cringe, I could give you something 
with a good stomach. I could give you 
a hiding that would tone you up for a 
month. Git out of my sight, you — beast." 

A week later, as Pitt Wells stood in 
Lancy's door (Lancy had waxed great 
since the boom) he mournfully called 



attention to a passing object. It was 
a gray mule, battle-scarred, and showing 
signs of rough usage, being led in the 
direction of the freight depot by a man 
from the boarding stables. 

"There goes a mule, gentlemen, that 
I once bought from a friend of mine and 
gave him for it sixty thousand and ten 
dollars. That friend bought him back 
last Tuesday for eighteen dollars and 
sixty-two cents, a clear profit, as I figure 
it out, of fifty-nine thousand nine hun- 
dred and ninety-one dollars and thirty- 
eight cents. He is goin' to take him on 
to an apple ranch down in Oregon, where 
he can sleep in a padded stall, wear a 
silver-plated harness, and stand all day 
with his front feet in a mountain brook 
and his hind legs in clover that reaches 
to his knees. And yet, gentlemen, when 
I asked that friend of mine for the price 
of a drink this morning, he told me to 
go and dream that Vd had a drink. What 
d've think of that, gentlemen? What 
d've think of that?'' 



MEMORVS LANE 



I know a lane where the brier rose 

Leans o'er the old stone wall; 
And the scented blooms from an apple tree, 

like tinted sea-shells, fall. 

There's a turnstile, too, 'twixt the winding 
lane, 
And the meadow with blossoms white. 
Sweet stars that the Queen Moon spilled from 
her boat 
On the sleeping world, one night. 

Here cornflowers open their pretty blue eyes, 

And poppies flirt with the sun. 
While all of the grasses are glittering with 
gems. 

That fairies from dewdrops have spun. 

Ah, yes! There's a brook, it ripples and smiles 
Past banks where the fringed gentian peeps. 

But the song that it sings to the violet, I 
ween, 
She safe in her little heart keeps. 



Ay, this is the lane that memory paints, 
Where my flower of love once grew; 

For down by the stile I met a maid 
With eyes, like the cornflowers, blue. 

Her cheeks were flushed with the pink of the 
rose, 

Her lips wore the poppy's red; 
And sunbeams were playing at hide and seek. 

With the curls on her golden head. 

Lightly she tripped through the meadow 
sweet, 
And the breeze softly kissed her brow. 
Then she laughed, and her laugh was the 
song of the brook, 
Methinks I can hear it now. 

But alas! for the passing of sununer dreams, 
We met, and we parted for aye; 

Now lonely I walk here in Memory's lane. 
While she rides on the world's highway! 



THE LUCK OF SUCKER CREEK 

Tke true story oi a discovery of ^olcL tliat puts fiction to tke blusk 
By Dennis H. Stovall 




A prospector with his outfit bound for the new Eldorado. 



THIS is a tale of gold, and it 
concerns the meteoric rise of 
a family from penury to riches 
in one day. It tells the 
realization of a dream that 
falls to the lot of few. 

If the details of the Briggs' strike were 
not true, the story of it would befit the 
most glittering pages of fiction. It could 
then be published without preface. As it 
is, an explanatory note is necessary to 
assure you that "this is a really true tale, 
dearest beloved, it is really,'^ as Mr. Kip- 
ling would say. 

Each year the golden-winged goddess 
takes new flight and bids the restless 
fortune-hunter hie to other fields. The 
Eldorados, Bonanzas and Golcondas of the 
great mineral Northwest are as changvii- 
able and as shifting as the men who find 
them. One year it is the ice-glittering 
peaks of Alaska; another year and it is 
the remote mountains of Buifalo Hump; 
still another year and the scene shifts to 
the bleak and burning desert of Tonapah ; 
and yet another and the golden- winged 
goddess leads the never-halting line up 



the narrow trails of the Siskiyous, through 
the old-time camps of Southern Oregon, 
and on, on, up, up, to the snow-covered 
summit. Here on the great divide between 
two great states — America's pioneer min- 
ing states — and within a few miles of 
where she led the same line over half a 
centurv ago, the goddess pauses in her 
flight." 

This Eldorado of the Siskiyous is sixty 
miles from the, railroad. The most con- 
venient way of reaching it is by Grants 
Pass. From there you follow the old stage 
road to Holland, forty miles. It is fully 
eighteen miles from Holland to the head 
of Thompson Creek, the location of the 
new camp. And it is a continual climb 
all the way from Grants Pass — a climb 
from an elevation of 900 feet to an eleva- 
tion of 5,500. As Holland is only 1,700 
feet, the main portion of the climb is on 
those last eighteen miles of trail. 

From Holland the trail leads to Moun- 
tain Ranch, and then conies a steep climb 
over the divide into Sucker Creek. Up 
Sucker Creek, some ten miles, is Benson's 
Ranch, which is becoming a convenient 



228 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



stopping place since the rush into the 
district began. From Benson's the trail 
follows Fehley Gulch over the Siskiyou 
divide. Mounting the crest one looks out 
over an endless array of ranges, jutted 
with snow-capped peaks and crags. You 
are up above the timber line here, and 
the mountains are covered only with scrub 
pine, or matted with a growth of snow 
brush. At your feet Thompson Creek 
rises, and only a half mile away the 
Briggs' claim is located. And here, too, 
but a few hundred yards from the base of 
Tenant Peak, is the site of Goldenview 
City. 

For a number of years, David Briggs 
and his family of three boys, two 



ing to do with the story. That which 
concerns us most is the discovery the boy 
made when he clambered down the steep 
mountainside at the head of Thompson 
Creek. His boot struck a big stone that 
was particularly heavy and gave off a 
sound like lead. He picked it up and 
broke off a fragment. The broken frag- 
ment glittered bright and yellow. Then 
the boy knew that the big stone was full 
of gold. He tossed it into his hunting bag 
and went home. The family was at 
supper. 

"Any luck, son?" asked the father. 

"Nope," the boy replied, hiding the 
truth. "No luck, dad. No luck at any- 
thing anymore. I'm tired of it, tired 




Part of the Brigfs family in camp on Thompson Creek. The yoonff man at the left ia Ray Briffga, 

discoverer of the mine. 



daughters and the mrother have lived re- 
mote in the mountains of Southern Ore- 
gon. The family has worked and toiled 
honestly, zealously, gaining a livelihood 
by days of perseverance and drudgery, at 
ranching and sluice-mining. 

Ray Briggs, one of the boys, was the 
hunter of the family, and to him fell the 
lot of supplying meat. One early morning 
of June, this year, Ray shouldered his 
rifle and went out after game. He struck 
a buck trail and followed the signs up 
Sucker Creek from his father^s ranch. 
Hour after hour he trailed, and was led 
over the divide to the head of Thompson. 
Here he came upon the game and fired. 
Whether or not he got the buck has noth- 



of the ranch, tired of the mine. I guess 
I'll quit buckin' boulders — quit the whole 
job." 

The old man was astonished at this open 
declaration of mutiny from a son that had 
always been cheerful and faithful. After 
a long silence he recovered and said: 
"Well, son, I guess you'll either buck 
boulders or move on." 

"Nope, I won't buck boulders or move 
on, either — not when I can pick up rock 
like this," and he laid the big stone on the 
table. 

The family went wild with joy. Supper 
was forgotten. The mortar and the dolly 
were brought out, and the big stone gave 
up over $700.00. 




In the upper rigrht-hand comer 
Below it "old n 



it Ray Briffrt, the younff man whose luck it was to discover the ffold mine, 
an" BriflTffs. standing in the "fflory hole," with a chunk of the 
precious rock in his hand. 



230 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



So was discovered the famous Briggs' 
mine, the glory-hole that is being talked 
about from sea to sea, the glory-hole that 
brought the golden-winged goddess into 
the Siskiyous, leading swarms of men up 
every gulch and stream. 

The family removed from the ranch 
and made camp at the discovery. And 
here they will remain till the north wind 
brings its blinding gusts of snow, alid the 
great Siskiyous are wrapped in the thick 
white cloak of winter. 

All the Briggs family have done in 
actual mining on the claim could be done 
by one man in a day. Yet they have taken 
out a fortune. Over $15,000 worth of 



minutes' time dig out fifty dollars worth 
of gold. Still it is not a pocket — bears no 
resemblance to a pocket, save in its re- 
markable richness. There is a hanging 
wall and a foot wall, and each one well 
defined, one of granite, the other of 
porphyry. 

There is an inch of almost solid gold 
on the hanging wall. This is much oxi- 
dized, and can be removed in chunks the 
size of a man's hand. The remaining 
eleven inches of the ledge consists of oro 
that sparkles with gold, of ore that will 
yield $10,000.00 a ton. 

The mountainside, at the point of the 
Briggs' find, is very steep, and the contact 




The first f6000 brought in from the Briggt' mine. The silver doUsx shows oomparative sise of the nunets. 



gold was mortared by hand, to say naught 
of the quantity of rich ore on the dump, 
and that sacked and cached for shipment. 
About their camp are tin cans, fruit jars 
and pails filled with gold. 

The property is now under bond to 
Eastern parties for a consideration of 
$115,000.00. 

The Briggs' find, in its general make- 
up, occupies a unique place among all the 
rich finds of the mineralized West. Here 
you can take your jack-knife and in five 



of porphyry and granite follows the hill 
for a long distance; in fact, has been 
traced for 2,400 feet. The strike therefore, 
is but a rich pay shoot on the vein. A 
large number of the claims located in the 
district follow this contact. Many of these 
run southward into California, and well 
down on Indian Creek. Others have been 
located over the divide northward in Dead 
Horse Gulch and Upper Sucker. Then 
from the strike southward, following 
Thompson, scores of location notices are 



THE LUCK OF SUCKER CREEK. 



231 



posted. Several good strikes have been 
made in the district besides the original 
discovery, though none of such remarkable 
richness. 

Thus once again the tide of the gold- 
hunting world ebbs toward the Southern 
Oregon country. The story of the "Sucker 
Creek strike'^ is being told from ocean to 
ocean. The rush is on to the new Eldo- 
rado, and only the deep snows of winter 
can drive the tireless prospectors out. 
Hundreds of claims have been located 
in the new district, and, of course, a town- 
site surveyed. "Golden view City^' it is 
called, and while it is yet but a city of 
tents and cam/p-fires, its promoters can 
show you where the big brick hotel will 
be located, and where the department 
store and post oflBce ultimately will stand. 
Also there will be a saloon or two, for high 
altitude snakes are bad up there, and 
some provision must be made for snake 
bite. 

A striking proof that the new Eldorado 
has sprung a genuine sensation is the 
appearance of the man looking for a 
'^ost mine.'' 

"Nearly fifty years ago,'' said one of 
them, "two men worked rich placer dig- 
gin's up in that country. They were 
located in a little basin, and the ground 
was lousy with gold. They built a stone 
reservoir and brought water down to sluice 
off the ground. After they had been at 
work for some time, and had many pounds 
of nuggets and dust sacked, a band of 
Injims swept down on 'em and in a mighty 
little while the two miners were sent over 
the Long Trail. The Injuns buried the 
gold under a big oak tree near the diggings 
and went away, satisfied. Long years 
afterward, when the red man was obliged 



to throw off his war paint and feathers, 
and live in peace on the reservation, one 
of the duskies who had taken part in the 
murderous assault upon the two lonely 
miners, told of the deed. Nearly every 
year since then parties of men have gone 
up Sucker Creek looking for the lost mine. 
They are looking for the stone reservoir 
and the oak tree, the oak tree with the 
pile of gold beneath it." 

"Now," continued the seeker for lost 
treasure, after he had bitten off a fresh 
chew from his plug, "I know precisely 
where that stone reservoir is. I have been 
there. Yes, sir ; I've been in it ! I took 
a drink of water from it. But that was 
before the old Injun gave the story away, 
and I knew nothing of its association with 
a lost mine. That was some eighteen 
years ago that I'm telling you about now. 
I was up in that country looking for stray 
cattle, that is, cattle that didn't particu- 
larly belong to anybody. On a very warm 
day I grew thirsty and crawled down into 
a little basin, thickly overgrown with wil- 
lows, where I could hear water trickling, 
to get a drink. When I raised up I hap- 
pened to notice that I was in what ap- 
peared to be an old and dilapidated cistern. 
Through the moss and fern I detected a 
well-placed stone wall. I found the gate 
through which the water had been dis- 
charged from the flume into the cistern 
and still another wh^re it had flowed from 
the cistern into the sluice. Then I knew 
it was not a cistern at all, but a reservoir, 
a stone reservoir that some miner had 
used. I believe I am thq only man who 
knows where that stone reservoir is, and 
I am going to find it again." 

And perhaps he may; but, after all — 
perhaps. 




THE ARCHBISHOPS MANTLE 



Tkc lover • ruse — tlic confession — tke fli^kt 
By Lorena M. Page 



TWO strokes — mellow, but dis- 
tipct — ^floated upon the noc- 
turnal air from a distant 
steeple. 

"At two o^elock and all 
hours may the love of Jesus kindle in my 
heart," came the angelic mingling of 
voices from the convent. 
^ As the chant died away, the man mufHed 
in the great, gray cloak raised his head 
and gazed with burning eyes, not upon 
the shrine before which he was kneeling, 
but toward the house of God where 
an approaching footfall was becoming 
plainly audible. 

From a passageway, marked by a spot 
of black deeper than the surrounding 
obscurity, camie a figure, tall, narrow, 
and erect, with a patch of white across 
brow and breast. 

The man before the shrine dropped his 
head as if resuming his devotions. His 
lips moved in an inaudible petition. 

Around the prioress who approached 
him a garden of ignored flowers sent their 
sweetness on the moist, night air; behind 
her was cloistered a company of virgins, 
whose souls, like the perfume of the 
flowers, mounted straight to heaven. 

But there was one in that pure host 
whose thoughts at times were of the earth 
alone, and it was this sinful one that 
vexed the mind of the prioress now. 

The peace of Eden, smiling in the gar- 
den at the threshold of the sacred place, 
did not extend to-night to the erring 
novice within — like a fallen angel, she 
had prayed and wept until exhausted. She 
was lying now flat on her face against the 
cold stone pavement of a bare, candle- 
lighted room, with arms outstretched in 
the form of a cross. Near her a suppliant 
counted her beads before the Holy Sacra- 
ment. The sisters relieved one another 
at the stroke of the hour day and night, 
year in and year out, in ceaseless adora- 
tion before this altar. The one now 
coimting her beads was the fifth to kneel 
there since the penitent had fallen pros- 



trate, so more than four hours had passed 
and still the living cross did not move. 

Mother Conception came down the 
grass walk of the garden, her black serge 
robe brushing the dew from the verdure, 
her chin resting upon her white guimpe, 
her eyes upon the ground. She passed 
the shrine without seeing the man, al- 
though the hem of her coarse garment 
swept against him. 

He shifted his position vdth some noise, 
agitated the pine bough beside him, and 
upset a flower-pot against a stone. 

This sudden movement in the dark, at 
her very feet, startled the prioress more 
than she would have cared to own. Then 
the calm, acquired by years of discipline, 
returned, and her eyelids resumed their 
customary droop; but in that one brief, 
backward glance, she had recognized the 
archbishop's mantle. 

"Father Bemardine,'' she said, pausing, 
and the man thought he had never heard 
so adorable a voice — save one. 

"Yes, Mother,*' came in muffled tones 
from the lips covered by a tightly-closed 
hand filled with the gathered folds of the 
gray robe. 

"You did not get away as early as 
usual.'' She had lowered her veil, and 
her tones might well have been those of a 
disembodied soul speaking across the walls 
of a tomb. 

"I am here. Mother," he murmured, 
vaguely, still upon his knees. 

"I have come from the sacred altar 
of the Holy Sacrament where one of the 
young novices, who is to take the black 
veil to-morrow, is doing penance," ob- 
served the mother. "Truly she needs great 
discipline, for her thoughts are anchored 
to the earth, and, my heart being sorely 
tried concerning her, I came into the 
garden, scarcely noting whither my stcpa 
led." 

"Perchance I may be of assistance, 
reverend Mother." He rose to his feet 
in the deep shadow of the pine tree which 
grew beside the shrine. "Her name is — ?'' 



THE ARCHBISHOPS MANTLE. 



233 



"Repentance — Sister Repentance/' 

"Repentance ?'' he questioned, vaguely. 

"The one known to the world as Rose 
Chapin — surely you have not forgot- 
ten—" 

"Ah, yes. Rose — Sister Repentance. 
No, I have not forgotten." His strong 
hand grasped the small bough which 
brushed his shoulder and the scent of 
crushed pine-needles mingled with the 
perfume of the flowers. 

"Will you come with me, most Holy 
Bishop ? She needs your sternest counsel 
and command." 

"No — not in there. Send her to me 
here — and — I will see what can be done.'* 

For the archbishop of the diocese, to 
speak was to be obeyed, and the prioress 
quitted him without a protest. 

He waited. And, in the meantime, 
he sniffed the acrid scent of the tassels 
gripped in his hand, and laughed a wild, 
internal, soundless laugh; he felt smoth- 
ered by the throbbing arteries in his 
throat ; his heari; seemed to leap and toss 
like a bounding cork on a raging torrent. 
He threw himself again before the shrine. 

"May the powers be mdne to liberate 
this soul! May I break the fetters, oh, 
God !" he breathed. 

The slight figure that came from the 
gloom of the passage was clothed in white 
garments, and had the appearance of a 
spirit. The immensity of night was fac- 
ing her. Her heart was a prey of terror, 
for a darkness full of unseen and formid- 
able traps, into which it was alarming 
to penetrate and in which it was fearful 
to remain, was about her. Her tender 
young limbs were briiised and stiff from 
contact with the hard, cold floor, and 
her movements were slow and full of 
hesitation. Though her tread was as soft 
as that of a frightened fawn upon the 
moss by a spring at midnight, the man in 
the great mantle heard it. But he re- 
mained kneeling before the shrine. 

"Mother Conception sent nue. Father; 
what do you wish ?" she questioned. How 
sweet, and gentle, and hesitating the 
voice ! 

"What is your offense?" he asked, 
gruffly, without raising his head. 

"I have been obedient. Father; I have 
kept my vow of poverty, chastity, and 
seclusion; but. Father, my thoughts arc 
beyond my command." 



She paused and with a gesture he or- 
dered her to continue. 

"I have seen no one beside the mothers 
and sisters, yourself, and the old gardener 
who minds the gate, for more than four 
years now, and — ^yet — I see another in 
all my waking hours, and I dream of him 
at night. This is my sin. I have fasted, 
and my soul has been filled with the love 
I bear him. I have risen from my first 
sleep to read my breviary, and his eyes 
have gazed into mine from between the 
lines. I have chanted my matins, and 
my heart has sung ^I love him.' I have 
slept upon straw in* serge sheets, and 
prayed that the lap of comfort might be 
his. I have scourged myself, and asked 
that the hardships of the world might 
pass by him. I have observed the rule of 
silence, and begged that the music of the 
universe might cheer his path. Once a 
week I have confessed all these sins in 
public. I have made reparation — and- - 
still I sin. Do with me as you see fit." 

She stood with hands crossed meekly 
upon her breast, her eyes gazing at the 
one star just showing above the wall. 

"Kneel beside me here." The tone:? 
were so harsh and strange that she hesi- 
tated, wondering and afraid. 

"Here in the shadow," he insisted. 

She knelt in the place designated. 

"Why did you enter here in the first 
place?" he questioned, sternly. 

"Oh, Reverend Father, more for the 
love of him than — chastise me if you will, 
I must speak the truth — than for the love 
of God, and thinking to forget this love, 
even as the one who prompted it forgot 
me." 

"Forget you ? Speak on ; conceal noth- 
ing." 

"To-morrow I am to become the bride 
of living death, but it does not matter — 
now, for another became the bride of 
Alex Martel." 

A queer sound came from the sweeping, 
gray mantle; she did not heed it, but 
went on — 

"I shall wear my handsomest dress — 
white for the last time. I shall be 
crowned with roses — the last I am to 
touch in life or death. They will brush 
my hair— before it is shorn. While T 
lie upon the stones they will throw a 
great, black veil over me, and sing the 
office of—" 

"Stop ! for the love of God !" the man 



234 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



interrupted in a choking voice. "They 
lied to yon ! Alex Martel never married ; 
he has been trying to reach you ever since 
you came here. His brother Alfred mar- 
ried and they told you — '^ 

"How should you know?" She clutched 
a fold of the archbishop's mantle, for- 
getful of the dignity due so holy a gar- 
ment. 

He raised his eyes cautiously, and gave 
a sweeping glance around him, then lifted 
his hood and put his face close to hers, 
at the same time holding out his arms. 

"Alex,'* she gasped, and broke into 
sobbing so low that it was scarcely audible 
above the sighing of the night wind 
through the pine. 

He did not speak, but his lips pressed 
hers; his strong embrace held her; her 
arms were around his neck; her face 
against his breast. They felt neither the 
chill that precedes the dawn, the cold 
earth beneath them, nor the dew upon 
their garments. They took no thought of 
the grim wall surrounding them, nor 
the convent frowning down upon its first 
love scene. The murmur of the pine 
was a celestial melody. 

"I have come for you, Rose. Will you 
go?" were his first words. 

They rose to their feet now, and the 
gray mantle, still fastened at his throat 
and caught over one arm, covered her as 
his arm was thrown about her. 

"Oh, Alex, I must go — I am not good 
enough to stay in this abode of saints. 
1 am too worldly — I — " 

Her lagging speech was smothered with 
a kiss. 

They cautiously quitted the shadow of 
the tree on the side nearest to the iron- 
bound gate in the wall. They hurried 
over the flower beds; they glided through 
the dark; they gained the massive gate. 
A great key, taken from a fold in the 
gray mantle, unfastened the padlock. The 
ppnderous, iron - bound, nail - studded 
weight swung open on noiseless hinges. 
A dim light was shining in the porter's 
lodge beside the wall, but there was no 
other sign of life about the place. 

The girl gave one last glance back at 



the rugged profile of the convent, outlined 
before the first faint streaks of dawn, 
then, scarcely breathing, she passed the 
gate-keeper's lighted window. 

"There is nothing to 'fear in there,'* 
he told her, drawing her back gently. 

A man in a black robe sat well down 
in a chair before a fireplace, where only 
a few coals remained bright among the 
dull ashes upon the hearth. The broken 
fragments of a goblet lay at his feet. The 
old gardener was beside the table, his 
arms folded upon it, his head upon them. 
An empty bottle and glass were within 
his reach. A lamp with a wick flickering 
in its last glimmer sat near. 

"The archbishop! The gardener!" 
gasped the girl. "Oh, come!" 

"There is no danger to be feared from 
that quarter," he reassured her. "They 
will sleep for hours.'* 

She looked at him with wondering 
eyes. 

"The gardener could not resist a bottle 
from a generous traveler," he laughed. 

"And the archbishop?" she questioned. 

"Did not resist a treat from the gar- 
dener — and more than forty winks was 
in every swallow. I borrowed the mantle 
while they were winking." 

"How pure the air is, Alex!" she said 
a moment later, with a little break in her 
voice. 

"Yes, love, and the mom will soon be 
breaking; we must mount and away." 
He pointed to the horizon which was 
growing white. 

A big, black horse waited in a thicket. 
It was the act of a moment to wrap the 
archbishop's mantle about her slender 
form and to swing her tenderly to the 
pommel of the saddle.^ 

Then he was up behind her and they 
were oflf. 

The muffled feet of the horse beat a dull 
retreat through the waking day. 

A little lover, in the form of a war- 
bling bird, greeted them as they flew past. 

The prioress waited in her bare, cold 
cell for the return of the novice. 

The archbishop and the gardener slept 
on. 



THE PLAYHOUSE 



Tnc opening of tkc season 1904 — ne'w stars — foreign celebrities — ne'ws of tke stage 

THE opening of the American 
theatrical season has devel- 
oped into something very much 
like the fall display of fash- 
ions: a view of the latest and 
most successful London and Paris models. 
The "star^' system, as it prevails in 
this country, was quite unknown to the 
British public until Mr. Charles Frohman 
gave it a glimpse of his methods. In 
Ijondon, the managers of theatres and 
the producers of plays are themselves 
actors — a state of affairs tending toward 
the maintenance of a higher standard in 
regard to plays and a more thoroughly 
artistic presentation of them. 





Madame Sejane as Nora in "A Doll's House." 
Sejane will tour Amerioa this winter. 

An actor manager will see possibilitie-; 
in plays which would never occur to the 
commercial producer, and it not infre- 
quently happens that the role which in 
this country is given to a '*star" is not 
the one chosen bv the London actor who 



Winsome Edna May in "The School Oirl." 

cares more to create a certain character 
in an absolutely finished manner than to 
play "a fat part." 

Take "The Little Minister" as an exam- 
ple. In London the character of Gavin 
Dishart was the principal one, but when 
the comedy was played in this country 
and given to a "star" — Miss Adams — 
the whole play was made to revolve around 
her. 

Here is Mr. J. E. Dodson's explanation 
of our way, and he should know since he 
is an English actor who has played a 
very great deal in this country. 

"You Americans can create a demand 
for anything — no matter what — simply 
by setting aside enough money to adver- 
tise it on a large scale. Your average 
citizen does not take time to think, and 
can hardly spare the time to read, henc? 
tlie size of type is a great factor in getting 



236 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Edith Wynne MathiBon, Sir Henry Irring's leading woman. 



the attention of the American public. 

"Take a theatrical poster — 

PAMELA PARQUET 

(Letters four feet high) 

in 

"The Front Row" 

(Letters two feet high) 

by 

Thomas Augustus 

(Letters one foot high) 

and the strap-hanger, who reads as the 

elevated train runs, never gets beyond 



that first line, and consequently is heard 
to say, 'I must see Parquet in — what's 
that play she's doing ?''^ 



This is next to the last season for Sir 
Henry Irving, who is to retire in 190fi 
after fifty years of stage life. His strange 
gutteral tones will sound even more 
muffled by contrast with the unusually 
clear speaking voice of his new leading 
woman, Edith Wynne Mathison. 

Miss Mathison is Welsh, and her glori- 
ous voice with its remarkable range is 



THE PLAYHOUSE. 



237 



an inheritance. Her aunt was known as 
"the Nightingale/^ while her mother was 
called "the Linnet of Wales/* Miss Math- 
ison^s husband is C. Bann Kennedy, who 
is himself a good actor, a Shakesperean 
scholar of renown, a collector of rare 
books, and a writer whose verse often 
appears in our American magazines. 

Sir Henry Irving would have been a 
great man in any walk in life. He has 
all a great man's preoccupation and dis- 
dain. At one of the London perform- 
ances, Nansen occupied a box and the 
fact was quickly communicated behind 



scenes, and the chance to pass on an 
interesting bit of news was furnished to 
the actors. First one after another took 
occasion to say, "Do you know who is 
in the box on the left, Sir Henry ?" — and 
without wating for a reply, "Xansen." 
Finally after a halJE dozen had come to 
him with this same item of information, 
one volunteered the additional remark, 
"Great man, Mr. Nansen!" In a crisp 
dry tone came Mr. Irving's rejoinder : 
"Yes, remarkable ability to stand tlu^ 
cold." 




Bignor Novelli, the eminent Italian tragedian, comingr to America this winter. 



238 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Pretty Paula Edwards, who will appear in the 

name part of "Winsome Winnie" the 

ooming season. 

The two new "stars/' which are new in 
that name only, to make their appearance 
this winter, are Francis Wilson and Mrs. 
Gilbert. Mr. Wilson is to play in dramatic 
comedy. It has been his desire for many 
years to leave musical comedy, but that 
queer face and those queerer legs proved 
too great an asset in that particular field. 

Mrs. Gilbert is our oldest actress now- 
playing roles, and she has never been 
starred before. Her play has been written 
especially for her by Clyde Fitch and will 
be called "Grandma." 



It will seem strange not to see Weber 
and Fields together, as their paAnership 



has lasted from youth to middle age, from 
real poverty to comparative wealth, from 
the days when as boys they worked during 
the day in a factory and did "a turn" on 
the variety stage at night, to the present 
time when they are Broadway theatre 
owners. 

Mr. Weber will keep the old music- 
hall and will have a company headed by 
Anna Held and supported by Aubrey 
Bouccicault, Marie Dressier and otherS; 
among them being the dancer, Bonnie 
Maginn, whose greatest popularity came 
during the old Weber-Fieldian days. 

Mr. Fields has a new theatre bearing 
his name, Marie Cahill for leading woman, 
and Bessie Clayton, whose whirlwind 
dancing has never been equaled. 




Bernard and Hattie Williams in 
From Kays." 



'The Oirl 






OURVIEW 



WI UWlBlTTlimM 



^^^.^rM^xtK^^.'^ . . 




It has been well said — Honesty is not the best policy; it is the only policy. 

« « « 

The man who had predicted during the first McKinley-Bryan campaign that 
the "financial interest'^ would be supporting the Democrat nominee eight years 
later would have been laughed to scorn. Such is life and politics. 

♦ « ♦ 

Visitors at the St. Louis Fair who are so fortunate as to live on the Pacific 
Coast are beginning to think that the Lewis and Clark Exposition to be held at 
Portland next year will eclipse the St. Louis Fair in point of genuine interest. If 
Portland can secure the cream of the exhibits at St. Louis, and all indications 
point to success in this particular, the Lewis and Clark Exposition will not only 
have many unique features of the West, but will he a credit to the country at large. 

♦ * ♦ 

Optimism is not always an unalloyed virtue. It can be made a stumbling block 
in the road of life, although it is worth *a thousand pounds a year to look on the 
bright side of things.^ Action must go hand in hand with optimism. The realities 
of life must not be obscured if there is to be any genuine progress. We must look 
at things as they are, not as we would like to have them. But optimism coupled with 
enthusiasm and action presents an irresistible force — a force that has always con- 
quered adversity and untoward circumstances. It is no one thing, however, that 
creates success. Singleness of purpose is an essential. Tenacity, earnestness, self- 
belief, enthusiasm, honesty and an indomitable spirit are equally as important. But 
they are all null and void without optimism. 

♦ * ♦ 

The year 1905 promises to be of extraordinary importance to the growth and 
development of the Pacific Coast. The Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition at 
Portland beginning next June will alone be of incalculable benefit to the entire West, 
but, apart from this great undertaking which is practically assured a gratifying suc- 
cess, there is a spirit in the air of enterprise that presages the beginning of great 
things. Yet even now we are in the midst of a world movement that is making the 
Pacific the center of the world^s activities and promising the mjost alluring and bril- 
liant future for the lands bordering this side of the Pacific. A great, magnificent, 
splendid future is in store for us, and although we may not realize it we have already 
passed over the threshold. The writing is on the wall so clearly and unmistakably 
that even a dullard may interpretate the signs aright. A splendid, greater, grander 
nation is in the making and its greatest, grandest part will be the Pacific Coast. 

The world does not stand still; progress is inevitable — progress not only in 
science, art, literature, but, most important, in the great social problems with which 
humanity has always been struggling. We have made wonderful strides in science, 
but there will be a greater than Edison. In literature there will be a greater than 
Shakespeare. In art there will be a greater than Raphael or Michel Angelo or Phid- 
ias. There will be a greater than Gladstone or Lincoln or Napoleon or Alexander tho 
Great or Franklin or Cromwell or Caesar or Justinian or Luther or Calvin or Wesley. 
We have not reached the limit. The world does not go backward. Progress it* 
inevitable. 



A 'world-wide survey of important events in all departments of kuman activity 



Tk, 

Event 



. J. During the past months all other interests have paled hefqre the 
le Lieadin^ momentous events in the far East. Tremendous battles have been 
waged; mighty issues have been decided; tens of thousands of lives 
have been sacrificed. Both of Russia's fleets have been shattered; her ships are^ 
maimed and dispersed, until their fighting value is nil. Beleaguered Port Arthur is 
invested on every side; the Japanese assaults have been of unparalleled ferocity, and 
the cannonading the heaviest known to history. The fall of the city seems inevitable. 
On the Yalu, the Japanese success is even more astounding. In almost every 
engagement they have been victorious, and the Russiatis, resisting stubbornly and 
retreating without rout, have still met defeat at every point. There is still no talk 
of surrender, and it is probable that the "minions of the Czar" will need even more 
severe a lesson before they admit their inferiority ; but to the world their ultimate 
defeat seems inevitable. The Japanese have proved themselves complete masters 
of the military art. Their fanatical courage is resistless; the strategy of their 
generals is of the highest order; no obstacle seems to daunt their enthusiasm. Here- 
tofore the outcome of the war was veiled in uncertainty, but now even the most con- 
servative critics are expressing their conviction of the complete success of the 
Japanese cause. 



—I .^jj Two of the greatest battles 

Ihe War ^f modern times — one on 
sea, the other on land — is the record of 
the past month in the Eastern war. In 
addition to this, one of the greatest sieges 
in all history is being conducted. On 
the tenth of August, the Russian squad- 
ron, finding the harbor of Port Arthur 
no longer tenable because of the near ap- 
proach of the Japanese siege guns, en- 
deavored to escape and to join the Vladi- 
vostok squadron. The ever watchful Togo 
was prepared, and a running fight ensued 
in which the Russian squadron was com- 
pletely routed. The Japanese attack was 
focussed upon the flagship Czarevitch, 
which was rendered almost a total wreck. 
Admiral Wittsoeft was killed, as well as 
the captain and other officers of the ves- 
sel. Five of the battleships with one 
cruiser put back into the harbor, while 
the rest of the vessels were dispersed, after 
receiving terrific injuries from the heavy 
Japanese fire. Four days later, Admiral 
Kamimura encountered the Vladivostok 



fleet and won a complete victory. The 
crack cruiser Rurik was sunk, and the 
other vessels forced to flee. This leaves 
Japan virtually in control of the sea, with 
both of Russia's fleets crippled and inef- 
fective, and hardly a factor in the strug- 
gle. Immediately after the first naval en- 
gagement, the Japanese land forces began 
a general assault upon Port Arthur. With 
a desperate determination and with an ap- 
palling loss of life, attack after attack 
was made on the Russian strongholds. The 
cannonading was incessant, and one after 
another the environing fortifications were 
abandoned, until only the inmost lines of 
defenses remained in the possession of the 
Russians. Terms of surrender were of- 
fered to General Stoessel, but were refused 
with torrential profanity. Then, sud- 
denly, the scene of guiatest activity shifted 
to the north, where the great hosts of 
Kuroki and Kuropatkin confronted one 
another. The Japanese began a steady 
advance northward that seemed irresisti- 
ble. The Russian defense was determined. 



THE MONTH. 



241 



but point after point was evacuated, until 
at Liao-Yang a stand was made. Here 
was fought the greatest battle of the war. 
For days the outcome was uncertain. The 
fighting was tremendous, and the life sac- 
rifice terrific. Finally came the news that 
Liao-Yang had been abandoned, the Rus- 
sian flanks had been turned, and Kuro- 
patkin in full retreat toward Mukden. The 
battle then resolved itself into a pursuit 
race, with Mukden as the objective point. 
Here, it is thought, the Russians will 
make their final stand. The Japanese are 
straining every nerve to head off the re- 
treat. Although they have been invariably 
victorious, they will count the campaign 
a failure if Kuropatkin escapes. 




Acoordinff to Napoleon, an army tghi» on its 

■tomach. In that caio, Port Arthur 

moit be nearly aU in. 

— From the Tacoma Ledger. 

P ,. . For some reason or other, the 
Politics great political contest has so far 
failed to arouse the customary public in- 
terest. Perhaps it is merely overshad- 
owed by the greater game being played in 
the far East. The important events of 
the past month were the several notifica- 
tions of the respective candidates, and 
their carefully prepared replies, intended, 
no doubt, for use as political timber in 
the campaign. Roosevelfs speech of ac- 
ceptance was — like the Republican plat- 
form — a review of the administration, 
with an obvious willingness to abide by the 
record made, and with confident assur- 
ances that the work begun would be car- 
ried to a consummation. Judge Parker^s 
reply was, like the man, conservative, ju- 
dicial. He emphasizes the delimitations 
of the three branches of the government. 



with evident reference to Roosevelt^s im- 
patience of constitutional restraints. The 
tariff is attacked, but it is frankly ad- 
mitted the Republican majority in the 
senate will make it impossible to modify 
the tariff laws during the next four years. 
The trusts are "viewed with concern," but 
Judge Parker asserts that the present 
laws, if enforced, are suflBcient to curb 
the evil. Filipino self-government is 
urged, and all forms of imperialism are 
opposed. In conclusion, the Judge stated 
that he would not accept a renomination. 
He has already resigned his position on 
the bench. Mr. H. G. Davis^ reply was no- 
table for the bold stand in favor of the 
gold standard. In notifying Mr. Fair- 
banks, a point was made of the extreme 
age of the Democratic candidate for Vice- 
President, as providing an unsuitable oc- 
cupant for the presidential chair, in case 
anything should happen to the President. 
Interest centers in the gubernatorial con- 
test in New York, this year, more than 
ever, the pivotal state. Feeling the neces- 
sity of nominating a man capable of at- 
tracting the greatest possible number of 
votes, the Republican leaders have used 
their utmost powers to persuade Elihu 
Root to accept the candidacy — so far with- 
out success. David B. Hill, representing 
the up-state Democratic faction, and Chas. 
Murphy, Tamman/s leader, are still at 
odds. Their reconciliation is indispensa- 
ble to Democratic success in the state. 
Other states are nominating their gov- 
ernors, the party newspapers are printing 
perfervid editorials, and the cry of the 
spellbinder is abroad in the land. These 
are the signs of the times. 



Deportation 
in Colorado 



Anarchy and mob rule 
hold full sway in Colo- 
rado. The latest act in 
open defiance of law was the forcible de- 
portation of ten prominent citizens of 
Cripple Creek, who had been actively iden- 
tified with the Western Federation — ^the 
union organization. Among the deported 
men were an ex-Attorney General of the 
state, two other lawyers, and others of 
wealth and position. They were marched 
about three miles out of town, with an 
escort of 3,000 non-union sympathizers. 
They were then told to leave the country, 
and were threatened with a bullet or a 
rope if they ventured back. On returning 



242 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



to the town, the disorderly element of the 
crowd broke away from the control of the 
leaders — among whom were leading busi- 
ness men — ^and wrecked the union store. 
The military has been withdrawn, and 
the authorities are powerless. For the 
present, the Citizens' Alliance and the 
Mineowners' Association control the sit- 
uation. 

rjn jy t ^ The situation at Chicago 
1 he Uutchcw ^^^ ^j^g Q^her strike centers 
dtnke Y^^ jjQ^ greatly altered 

during the last month. Neither side 
shows any signs of yielding, although it 
is the general impression that the strikers 
are losing ground. The effort to arbitrate 
the matter through Mayor Harrison's in- 
tercession came to naught, by reason of 
the packers' refusal to make any conces- 
sions. They claim that eighty per cent of 
the usual amount of work has been done, 
and that their financial loss is slight, as 
they are enabled to close out the supplies 
that have accumulated in their ware- 
houses. A point was gained by the strik- 
ers when they compelled the city authori- 
ties to issue an order that the strikers 
could no longer house the strike breakers 
in the yards, as a violation of the munici- 
pal sanitary regulations. Several severe 
riots have occurred, and lives have been 
sacrificed. Meanwhile, the price of meat 
soars, and the independent meat packers 
are the only ones who are not suffering 
from the great struggle. 

^ J . The annual encamp- 

UrandArmy ^^^^ q£ ^^^ q^^^j^j 

bncampmcBt ^^^^^. ^^ ^1^^ Republic 

was held this year at Boston, and was 
characterized bv much enthusiasm. There 
are now 246,261 members of the G. A. R. 
— 10,000 less than last year — but of these 
only 16,000 were able to participate in the 
procession. Gen. Wilmon W. Blackmar 
was chosen commander-in-chief, vice Gen. 
John C. Black, and Denver was selected 
as the next convention city. Resolutions 
were adopted against disfranchisement on 
color lines, and congress was urged to pass 
a law affirming the order of the pension 
bureau that veterans 62 years of age should 
be entitled to pensions without regard- 
ing their actual inability to labor. 



A rLU ^^ August 12, at the very time 
A Child ^i^Qj^ ^^Q Russian battleships 
10 15om ^gj.g going down to defeat l^ 
fore the Japanese fleet, the Czarina gave 
birth to a male child. The boy weighed 
eleven pounds and is healthy and sound. 
He is named Alexis Nikolarevitch, and, if 
he comes to the throne, will be Alexis II. 
By this event — so long the object of 
prayers and wishes in the Czar's kingdom 
— great joy has been brought to the royal 
family and to the Russian people; but to 
those of other races, it would seem that the 
heir was born under an ill-fated star to a 
life of much burden and sorrow. The 
christening was attended with much pomp 
and ceremony, and the Czarevitch has al- 
ready been made honorary colonel of the 
Finland Guards. 




Why not hitoh a KaniM 070I0116 to a oouple of 

KaniM ooni ihooks and rapply tho Japt 

with Kansas com. 

— From the Tacoua I^edfrer. 

T L T LI ^^ ^P^^^ ^^ ^^^ arbitra- 

• tIj'" v^ l ^^^^ agreement of 1903, 
in New York another contest is on 
between the builders of New York and 
the union workmen. Several strikes were 
ordered by the unions in defiance of the 
treaty, and in retaliation a lock-out was 
finally declared by the Employers' Asso- 
ciation, and notice was given that the 
places of the strikers would be filled by 



THE MONTH. 



243 



nonunion men, providing they did not re- 
turn by a certain date. It is asserted by 
the association that the present diflBculty 
arises from a desire on the part of so- 
called labor leaders to revive the old sys- 
tem of grafting, made impossible by the 
arbitration agreement. At least, it is man- 
ifest that the unions have acted in bad 
faith, ignoring the terms of the treaty to 
which they had subscribed. 

_ , The "naval demonstration'' made 
Y^ U^ by the U. S. European squad- 
Yieida ^.^j^ before Smyrna, Turkey, 
had the desired effect, and the Sultan has 
agreed to all of Minister Leishman's de- 
mands. The principal point at issue was 
the treatment of American schools in Tur- 
key, which for years have been unsatisfac- 
tory. Our schools were not included in 
the "favored nation" class, and were sub- 
ject to unfavorable discrimination. Our 
minister undertook to secure for our 
schools the privileges enjoyed by those of 
other nations, but the Sublime Porte 
evaded his demands by dilatory tactics. 
Finally, after repeated postponements, 
Eear Admiral Jewell was ordered to take 
his vessels to Smyrna to bring the Porte to 
immediate action. The arrival of the fleet 
was anticipated, and Mr. Leishman was 
given assurance that there should no lon- 
ger be any discrimination against Ameri- 
can schools. 

^., The "Subway Tavern" 

13iflhop Potter jg ^ ^^y^^^ recently 

and the baloon ^^^j^^^ ^^ ^^^ York 

City, the purpose of which is to provide 
at a minimum cost pure food and pure 
liquors, under the best moral conditions. 
The house is under the auspices of certain 
reform workers, who believe that it is im- 
possible to entirely eradicate the drink 
habit, and that it is best to minimize the 
evils that attend it. Bishop Potter deliv- 
ered the opening address, in which he said 
that the keynote had been struck by this 
attack on the liquor situation. His action 
has aroused a storm of criticism from the 
Anti-Saloon League, W. C. T. U., and 
similar organizations, and many denuncia- 
tions of his position have been published. 

rj,. D 'J ^ short time ago, Presi- 

1 he Frcsidcnt ^^^^^ Roosevelt was impor- 
on Lynching ^^^^^ ^^ commute to life 
imprisonment the death penalty imposed 



upon a negro for criminal assault on a lit- 
tle girl. The reason for the plea was the 
alleged weakmindedness of the criminal. 
After an investigation, the President de- 
nied the application, accompanying his de- 
cision with a statement which may be ac- 
cepted as an expression of his attitude 
toward lynching. He says that the crime 
in question is one to which "we largely 
owe the existence of that spirit of lawless- 
ness which takes form in lynching." It 
is essential that its punishment should be 
swift and certain. He expresses regret 
that we do not have special provision for 
more summary dealing with this type of 
cases, but condemns lynching because "it 
seeks to avenge one infamous crime by 
the commission of another of equal in- 
famy." 

^ .| 1 A 1 ^^^^ y^^^ 1904 is 
Railroad Accident i^aintaining its record 
in Colorado f^^ terrible disasters 

by the worst railroad accident that has 
ever occurred in America. Over a hun- 
dred lives were lost, and it was only by 
a seeming miracle that the rest of the pas- 
sengers were spared. Exceptionally 
heavy rains had flooded a small canyon, 
spanned by a wooden bridge, on which 
were the tracks of the Denver & Rio 
Grande Railroad. When the "World's 
Fair Flyer" attempted to cross the bridge 
the middle span gave way, and the engine, 
baggage, smoking and chair cars were pre- 
cipitated into the raging torrent, 35 feet 
deep. Of all the passengers in this part 
of the train, only three escaped. The 
Pullmans were left on the track, their oc- 
cupants being unaware of the appalling 
fate from which they were so marvelously 
spared. 

~- - - , Former Premier Wal- 

W aldcck- ^ig^j^ _ Rousseau, whose 

Rousseau Uead ^^^^^ occurred at Corbeil, 
France, August 10, was undoubtedly his 
country's foremost statesman. His pub- 
lic career is a long and honorable one, 
embracing many prominent oflBces. He 
became premier in 1899, when the Drey- 
fus case was the center of public interest, 
and took a daring stand in pardoning 
Dreyfus after his second conviction, and 
securing a proclamation of general am- 
nesty to all concerned. He was also the 
author of the law against the religious as- 
sociations. Ill-health necessitated his 



244 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



resignation in 1902. His death, which 
resulted from an operation rendered 
necessary by his serious condition, is 
mourned by the whole French people, and 
the funeral was the occasion of national 
sorrow. 

Tkc The Lake Erie & Western 

Sunday Railroad has announced that 
Excursion it' will handle no more Sun- 
day excursions. The abolishment of 
Sunday excursions on the Vanderbilt lines 
is also under serious consideration. This 
movement is not alone a concession to 
moral sentiment, but is based also on hu- 
mane and economic grounds. The danger 
of accident on Sunday excursions is always 
far greater than on the regular trains. 
Employees are worn out by the extra du- 
ties, and the organization of the road is 
disrupted. 



its naturalness. This paper is on sale in 
Europe, and, without doubt, will soon be 
procurable in America. 



Cole 



The problem of color pho- 
^, , tography is one that has in- 

Fhotography terested the scientist-pho- 
tographers for some years, and several so- 
lutions were reached. In each case, how- 
ever, the method was too difficult and com- 
plicated to be extensively practiced. Now 
two European experimentors have pro- 
duced a paper upon which may be printed 
color photographs from any ordinary neg- 
ative. The paper is given ten chemical 
coatings, separated by layers of gelatine, 
and each one graduated to a wave length, 
producing a certain color shade. After 
printing, the paper is washed in water of 
a required temperature, which dissolves 
the gelatine, leaving the color-print in all 




"A hard nut to crack." 

— From the Spokesman- Review. 

Airsbip M. Lebaudy, the Parisian 

News aeronaut, made a successful 

ascent in his dirigible balloon recently. He 
covered a distance of 12^ miles in 15 min- 
utes, sailing at a height of 250 feet from 
the earth. Holland, the inventor of the 
submarine boat, has turned his attention 
to aeronautics, and is devising a craft to 
navigate the air. He is working on the 
aeroplane principle, without the aid of a 
balloon attachment. The airship race at 
St. Louis was not an unqualified success. 
But two vessels started, both operated by 
Americans. One descended but a few 
miles from St. Louis, while the other, of 
which G. E. Tomlinson was the aeronaut, 
got as far as St. Charles, Mo., 200 miles 
from the starting point. Under the con- 
ditions of the contest, the $5000 prize will 
go to him, unless some other aspirant suc- 
ceeds in reaching a point nearer Washing- 
ton monument before November 1. 




IMPRESSWNS 



[AKI.LSKRSKlNK-SCOTTVVOODi 



..j_j' 



_Sr 



Morality, if it oe tne trutn, pays — tnc universe is founded on it. 
misery; its observance makes success. 



ts violation makes 



Bigotry 

"DEHOLD how each one is to himself the universe! Behold the perversity of the 

-^ human mind ! Each demands freedom for himself — to think as pleases him, 

to speak as pleases him, to act as pleases him; but when another wishes to do the 

same, behold I — chains, fire, clubs, and shouts of "License,'^ "Infidel," "Rebel !" "You 

must think, speak, and act as pleases me." 

War 

X\7AR is cruelty; war is waste; war is stupidity. There is no question which could 
^^ not be better settled without war, if rulers would settle it. Even in republics 
it is rulers who make war, always it is the people who are killed. 

Morality 

/^ HEIST said, "Do unto others as you would that they should do unto you." 
^^ Confucius said, "Do not unto others that which you would not have them do 
to you." 

Gautama said, "If thine enemy come to thy house, give him food. Even the 
tree refuses not its shade to the axman at its root." 

Mohammed said, "Resolve if people do good to you, you ^ill do good to them, 
and if they oppress you, oppress them not again." 

Socrates said, "A wrong can not be right, so though one has done you wrong, 
yet if you truly love the right you will not do wrong to him." 

Every enlightened age, every civilized people has had its wise teacher seeing 
and teaching the Golden Rule; yet of the countless millions, how many have mad(> 
it the rule of conduct ? How many have clearly seen that it is the greatest success 
of all? 

Samuel Jones, Mayor of Toledo — "Golden Rule Jones" — is dead. Xo man's 
influence dies. The waves of example keep widening ever. I take from the "Public" 
an extract from an article by Graham Taylor in the Chicago Daily News. As we read 
it, let us imagine the funeral of Russell Sage or any "successful" man, or our own 
funeral, and ask, "What is Success?" 

"Within the Memorial hall, which had so often re-echoed his ringing voice, 
the people took their last look at the face they loved. They had outlined in flowers 
the aisle through which they were to pass by their dead. And were flowers ever more 
the symbol of hearts grown together? For they were sent there by all the city 
departments, by 'Syrian- American citizens,' Polish, German, Hungarians, and other 
nationalities; by the University club and the Bartenders' union; by the United 
Catholic societies and the Spiritualist association; by the horseshoers, cloakmakers, 
and many other labor unions ; by the Western Oil Men's Association, accompanied by 



246 THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 

sixty-two names of his business associates and competitors; by his own employees^ 
who gave a great floral golden rule with the words : ^ We knew him/ 

"Between 5:30 a. m. and 9 p. m. for two days, fifty people a minute passed 
Up that aisle, until fully fifty-five thousand men, women and children of every 
description silently, reverently and affectionately parted from their friend. 

"Then his fellow- workmen took up his body to carry it home. Such a procession 
as followed it has seldom been led by the living or the dead. There were not only 
the labor unions, but the mothers, wives and children of the men ; policemen, firemen, 
mail carriers, and oflBcials of the Toledo, Cleveland and other city governments; 
six hundred newsboys and their band, playing 'Nearer, My God, to Thee' ; musical, 
benevolent and fraternal societies, and unorganized groups of citizens, women and 
children followed in their train. No military company nor any implement of war 
Dr strife was seen. To the music of the 'Golden Rule' shop band they marched in 
strange silence through silent throngs. 

"At the end of the long march to the distant cemetery thousands more were 
in waiting by the open grave. When friends were leaving it and it was being filled, 
a German singing society spontaneously broke out in a farewell song, and a broken 
Voice in the tongue of the fatherland was heard saying good-by.'* 

I would rather be buried with such love than win from "Glory" a bronze statue. 

And by his "Golden Rule" policy Samuel Jones became a "practical success,'" 
Vhich means always to the modern mind a money success. It is the only rule upon 
which a safe and just society can ever be founded. It is the ultimate perfection 
of society. 

As Henry George wrote, "That we should do unto others as we would have them 
do unto us — that we should respect the rights of others as scrupulously as we would 
have our rights respected — ^is not a mere counsel of perfection to individuals — but 
it is the law to which we must conform social institutions and national policy — if we 
would secure the blessings of abundance and peace." 

Tke Cbicago Strike 

T T is said that the packers will win and 250,000 men will lose their jobs. The 
"*• newspapers report that the Pullman company under the Parry system of a union 
of employers, will have a sympathetic "lock-out." I also read that one of the 
packers said, "we can get plenty of unskilled labor for fifteen cents an hour. The 
unions are fi\ing in the face of the law of supply and demand in trying to compel 
us to pay eighteen and one half cents an hour." 

The law of supply and demand, like all great natural forces, is irresistible. 
The solution of the trouble is not to be found in unions, but in reforms in those 
economic conditions which bring an army of starving unskilled laborers knocking 
at the gates of capital. That reform must be greater economic freedom; less 
meddling with natural laws by legislature laws; no special privileges in tariffs, 
in money, in land. It will take generations to effect these changes, but in radical 
reforms — less law granting special privileges, and more freedom lie the remedy — ^not 
in unions. Unions, as fraternities, as places for interchange of views and forming 
acquaintances, as clubs for social purposes or for political and economic discussion, 
are good. They fill the place of the medieval guilds. But unions, as they repress 
individualitv, dictate iron-clad rules and restrict human freedom and ambition, are 
bad. 

As is true of evervthing else which exists, there was a cause which forced unions 
into existence. That cause was the oppression of labor by capital. Unions are such 
an evil in the tyranny they exercise and in their check to individual freedom, 
that there must be some very strong cause which continues their existence in spite 
of their evils. Nothing with evil in it continues to exist unless there is a powerful 
reason for its existence. That reason to-day is the same reason which gave rise to 
unions. 

It is the self-defense of the laboring man against the special privileges which 



IMPRESSIONS. 247 

make a few wealthy and powerful. It is the laboring man^s battle for life; only, he 
does not see the root of the evil and continually attacks the result. He is engaged 
in the task of baling out the sea. He opposes capital on the one hand and the 
starving army of the unemployed^ on the other, but fails to attack the causes alike 
of excessive and tyrannous capital, and of the clamorous army of those who have 
no choice but to take any wages or starve. 

As the arm^ increases — as the supply of labor more and more exceeds the 
demand, the more desperate and the more useless will be the struggle of the unions, 
until out of desperation will be bom a truer remedy: more freedom for all, less 
legal privilege to a few. 

Divorce Again 

CO many communications have been received by this magazine and myself, con- 

^ corning the article on divorce in the August number, that some further 

discussion has been requested by the editors. All of the comments were in a kindly 

tone, but most of them disagreed with me, and some expressed regret that I was an 

advocate of such views. 

I have felt for a long time that it matters little what comes to any man of 
praise or blame. Any one man's career is soon over, and the only questions the 
future will ask are, "Was he honest?'* "Did he aid the truth?" Only time can 
tell whether a man has aided the truth; but as discussion is fatal to error and 
favorable to truth, I believe any agitation — even hostile agitation — of a question 
of morals is better than stagnation. All men should unite in saying, "Let the 
truth prevail.'' 

In the first place, I have to suggest here, as I have had occasion to do in other 
discussions, that, merely because a man advocates freedom, he is not to be under- 
stood as desiring to abolish, even if he could, all decency, all loyalty, all unselfishness. 
The men who opposed human slavery in this country, by the same curious perversion 
of ideas, were supposed to be opposed to all law and order and rights of civilized 
society. The word "freedom" to the slaveholders of the South meant "License,'' 
"Anarchy" and such other false-logic, bugaboo words. 

Now, in every state of society — and whether divorce be free or not — fidelity, 
loyalty, steadfastness, tenderness, unselfishness, have been and will be more valued 
than fickleness, disloyalty and selfishness. No one can, even if he would, ever make 
the worthy unworthy, or the base of higher value than the nol)le. 

The question is. Shall men and women regulate their own marriage relations 
by their own sense of right, decency, loyalty and fitness, or shall the law undertake 
to judge for them and keep together those who would be asunder? If the law 
must keep cat and dog chained together for the good of the state, then Plato's 
"Republic" offers the only logical plan — which is that the law must determine before- 
hand who may marry, and see to it that cat and dog are not chained together. It 
is recognized that the marrying is solely the affair of the mating couple — even the 
breaking of the engagement is solely the affair of one party (except the action for 
damages for the breach of contract). But as soon, as the couple is wed, then, 
whether they have children or not, or whether they possess property or not, the 
state says they must stay together, even though both be tugging at their chains. 

It is not enough that they wish to separate. One must commit adultery, or be 
a drunkard, or commit some other brutality. When one does this, then the other, 
in spite of children, in spite of property rights, may have a divorce, and all this 
nonsense about public policy requiring people to live together who wish to be apart 
falls to the ground. 

The fact is, this vacant . theory which is chattered by parrots about the state 
having a vital interest in the home and family is borrowed from the canon law. 
The church, of course, did have an interest in keeping up the home, because marriage 
was a sacrament of the church, and must not be trifled with, and, of course, the 
state — ^that is, human society — ^has an interest in its units or families being decent 
and prosperous. But I ask sound argument and sound logic and sound morals to 



248 THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 

prove to me that the state or any one else has any interest in perpetuating a family 
hell upon earth or in keeping together a couple either one of which intensely abhors 
the union. The result of the forced union is neglect of children, demoralization 
of the home atmosphere, and often adultery. . 

The state has no greater interest in a family than the family itself, and has 
no greater interest in children than have the parents; and when the useless inter- 
ference of the law is removed, society will find that the real bond is either love or 
that sense of duty and high morals which is the only true law, or lastly, a fear 
t)f the opinion of society. Instead of morals being worse with free divorce, they 
Avill be better, and conduct now excused or extenuated will no longer be tolerated. 

The logical conclusion is that what begins with the parties alone, and the 
^foundation of which is the will of the parties, should end with the parties alone, 
and when that foundation has fallen. 

The needless injury done by the law may be illustrated by a very common 
case. Wlien the man or woman has been guilty of such an offense that the law 
permits a divorce, and the couple themselves recognize that there must be a divorce, 
and are willing for the sake of their children to separate quietly, they can not do 
so, but the law actually compels them to come into court and blazon abroad the 
mistakes and unhappiness which belong peculiarly and privately to themselves. 
The brutality of the law is illustrated by another case, not uncommon. When one 
of the married pair goes to the other and frankly and honestly admits that time 
and circimistances have produced a change, that he or she loves another, the law 
does not permit them to separate quietly ; it does not pejmit them to separate at all ; 
but if the one who has changed commits adultery, then guilt receives from the law 
the freedom denied to innocence. Such a chain upon human freedom can only be 
productive of deception and immorality. 

There was in some of the communications a certain shocked sense that marriage 
should be called mating, sexual mating. Undoubtedly marriage is of two elements : 
sexual affinity, or love, and congeniality, or friendship. With youth, the mere blind 
instinct called love is apt to sway, and hence so many matrimonial mistakes. Unless 
calm friendship, esteem, fellowship exists, the marriage can not be of life-long 
happiness. But to deny the great part which sex plays in marriage is to be blind 
to nature. W-e may refine it as much as we please, and the falsely modest may 
ignore it as much as they please, yet sex, and sexual love, will continue to make 
marriages until the end, as it has made mating from the beginning. 

I do not mean that the mere sexual mating is before the eyes of young couples, 
but I mean the force is there, just as the force of gravity controls us, though we 
are unconscious of it. 

• In conclusion, as marriage is a mating, freely made by the parties alone, 
founded upon a desire to live together, neither society, state, children, nor anybody 
else is benefited by compelling people to live together who have ceased to desire it. 
If one repels a marriage association so earnestly that his or her moral nature and 
sense of right fail to make the union tolerable, it is better he or she should be bid 
to deparfc in peace. When one hates, where both should love, it is better to let them 
adjust their mistake as freely as they were permitted to make it. When this day 
arrives — as it will — then the woman (usually the injured party) or her relatives 
will, before the marriage, be sure that she is not to be the toy of a year, and by 
contract will secure her and her children's property rights. In short, freedom and 
self-help will hereafter, as always, make for truer happiness and truer justice. 

With the utmost respect for those who believe marriage to be God-ordained, and 
all its phases fixed by divine decree, I recognize that with these no discussion of this 
question is possible; for, as the Godhead is omniscient, there can be no question of its 
edicts. But the history of religions — Christian, Buddhist, and Mohammedan — 
and the practical departure to-day of the law from religion in this respect, show that 
the divine edicts will not be accepted by society as unchangeable. Therefore a gen- 
eral discussion is, I think, pertinent and useful. 




.i J ^r.^. 



fZS^Jo^^ 



Tf" 



A revierw^ of current books and an opinion of tkeir merits 



A reading of Dolph Wyllarde's "The 
Rat-trap" leaves the Header halting be- 
tween two opinions: the first, a lively 
appreciation of a remarkable story, intelli- 
gently conceived and brilliantly executed; 
the second, a decided inclination to disa- 
gree with the author in his reasoning. 
The writer, we take it, who deals with 
great life questions, must be guided by 
great life principles. Of these, "the 
wages of sin is death," ^Tiappiness can not 
result from evil," are the foremost. Ex- 
ceptions there may be, but literature — 
as governed by the canons of art — ^must 
abide by the fundamental principles. 
Surely, to unite a man and woman in a 
great love, when a deed of dishonor stands 
forever between them, is to 
defy the essential articles of 



TLe 



•^ "CJ. J nic essential ai tivjies ui 

Kat-trap right and wrong. But putting 
aside all casuistic quibbles, we gladly give 
Mr. Wyllarde credit for an extremely 
entertaining und powerful novel. Its 
locale. Key Island, an isolated British 
dependency, is not a prepossessing one, 
and the handful of English men and 
women marooned there are not to be 
envied. But this very isolation gives the 
story a dramatic insularity which is made 
singularly effective. 

Most daring is the author. He never 
stays his hand, whether it be in laying 
bare the quivering tissues of a woman's 
heari:, or in exposing the inmost purposes 
of a man's mind. In fact, audacity of 
plan and treatment is the first character- 
istic of the whole book. The author snaps 
his fingers at conventions, and the result, 
though it arouse antagonism, is forceful 
and most impressive. 

(John Lane, New York.) 



If you're looking for two or three hours 
of solid fun, just clamber into the Bishop's 
carriage, and take a ride with Nance 
Olden. A merry chase she'll lead you, 
to be sure — the madcap ! — \^nth her artful 
tongue and her deceitful wit. But you'll 
enjoy yourself, never fear, and you'll find 
a new and piquant fiavor in this breezy, 
racy story — jaded old novel reader though 
you be. 

Nance Olden is an Oliver Twist in 
petticoats — a Trilby and a Becky Sharp 
rolled into one. She is more than that, 
for she hails from New York, and is 
distinctly a product of "th' Avenoo." 
Whether she is real or not depends 
largely upon the credulity of the reader; 
but, at least she is the most en- 
livening figure that has pranced across 




Miriam Michelion, author of "In the Bishop's 
Carriage." 



250 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



T 1 T>- L ' ^^^ pages of latter-day 
^ ™ ^"^^P » fiction. Her verve is 
Carnage untiring; her wit, un- 

failing; her courage, dauntless. And her 
badness is only skin-deep — just an ugly 
vesicle acquired through bad associates 
and environment, which speedily cracks 
off, chrysalis-like, leaving the soul more 
pure and sweet because of its unlovely 
disguise. 

The newspaper training of the author, 
Miriam Michelson, has brought her into 
familiar contact with the people of the 
streets and the theatres, and she speaks 
intimately of the life of the under-world 
and the stage. 

So here's to you, Nance Olden, child- 
thief, incomparable mimic. You're the 
cocktail on the literary sideboard. Prosit ! 

(The Bobbs-Merril Co., Indianapolis.) 

If you care for the historical novel of 
the old school — ^that is, the school the 
vogue of which was at its zenith four or 
five years ago — ^you will like "The Bright 
Face of Danger." 

It is the kind of a book that resembles 
closely a hundred others of the same 
family, and is no better than they — and 
certainly no worse. Moreover, any of the 
reviews written for the rest might be 
equally adapted to this one. 

The author, E. N. Stephens, is an 
expert at his craft, and he works in the 
most pliable material. Hot-blooded youth, 
a ready sword, a desperate villain, a lovely 
lady in distress, a duel, a flight, a few 
love passages and a lived-happily-ever- 
after: these are the essential components, 

TL "R • L to he arranged according 

Ihc iiright ^Q ^i^g ^^:^^ Q^ purpose 

Face of Danger of the author. 

Recognizing its sole purpose — to amuse 
— Mr. Stephens' book is quite satisfactory. 
Its swift movement, its deeds of prowess, 
its intrigues and mysteries, its high-flown 
sentiment make it a good sample of the 
novel of "dering-do."' The hero is no less 
a hero than his many predecessors, and he 
handles his sword in true knightly fashion. 
As a lover, too, he is adequate, and con- 
ducts his amour in gallant style. As for 
villainy, never was there such a pair of 
red-handed rascals as the "Count" and 



the "Red Captain." If you weren't quite 
certain that, as a thorough-going historical 
romance, it must result happily, you would 
tremble for the outcome. 

(L. C. Page & Co., Boston.) 

In the preface to his latest collection 
of animal stories, entitled "The Watchers 
of the Trails," Mr. Charles G. D. Rob- 
erts is at some pains to set forth that his 
tales are "avowedly fiction." At the same 
time, he explains that "the material of 
which they are molded consists of facts." 
In other words, the stories, while not 
necessarily actual occurrences, are consist- 
ent with the truth. And as to the ascrip- 
tion of human motives and mental pro- 
cesses to the beasts and birds, for which 
Mr. Roberts and Mr. Seton were gently 
taken to task by Mr. Burroughs, he aflBrms 
his right to infer such motives, as under- 
lying the actions of the animals as he has 
observed them. 

Without entering further into the con- 
troversy, the author is at least immune 
from criticisms of sensationalism. He 
TLc successfully avoids the sen- 

"Watckers of timental and melodramatic 
tte Trails pitfalls, into which some of 
his compeers have stumbled. His stories 
are marked by a broad sincerity, an anx- 
ious regard for the truth — and this with- 
out sacrificing one least degree of interest, 
for it is safe to say that no more readable 
animal stories have ever been gathered 
into one volume. Mr. Roberts covers the 
whole scope of the animal kingdom; and 
whether he is writing of bird or beast, 
fish or insect, he is equally at home. It is 
noteworthy that the most successful tales 
are those which transcribe simply an in- 
cident from the life of some "furtive crea- 
ture" of the forest's fringe, the hedgerow, 
marsh or pool, rather than the more ex- 
tensive stories. These bits of animal bi- 
ography, as interpreted in the glowing 
colors and intimate understanding of the 
author, are singularly appealing, and pos- 
sess a true dramatic quality. Sad they are, 
too, for nature is full of tragedy. 

The volume is exquisitely gotten up and 
its many full-page illustrations and end- 
page decorations, by C. L. Bull, add much 
to its value. 

(L. C. Page & Co., Boston.) 




A Leaf from tkc Csmics Notebook — 

A woman may not be able to throw 
a baseball or sharpen a pencil, but she 
can pack more things into a trunk than 
a man could get into a freight car. 

When a girl's hair is coming down, her 
skirt sags and things are loose at the 
back, she imagines that she's gotten up 
in "studied disorder." 

The first thing some women will do 
when they reach heaven is to locate the 
best pier glasses. 

A girl knows more in five minutes about 
the art of kissing than a man could learn 
in five years — but she's mighty careful 
not to let the man know that she knows. 

A fussy woman makes you think of a 
hen, but for a fussy man nature provides 
no parallel. 




On tne Contrary— 

The Man was admiring the Girl's figure 
as she strode around the golf links. 

What splendid proportions, thought he, 
what rounded outlines. 

Later he saw her in bathing, and stood 
aghast. 

Where were the generous curves, tlie 
graceful contours? 

Instead, angles and flat straight lines. 

And yet they say that figures can't lie, 
he thought, sorrowfully. 

TLe Weaker Sex- 
One of those frail, fragile, Dresden 
china creatures called girls will: 

Dance from 8 p. m. to 5 a. m. with 
exposed arms and neck, constricting stays 
and crippling French heels, and suffer no 
ill effects. 

Gambol for hours at a time in the 
coldest water, while the men stay in from 
seven to twelve minutes, and then break 
for their heaviest sweaters and V. 0. P. 
Consume such inordinate quantities of 
chocolates, sundas, bon-bons, ice cream 
sodas, etc., etc., as would ruin the diges- 
tion of a glass-eater. 

And perform other equally wonderful 
feats of strength, endurance and resist- 
ance. 

Yet they call them "the weaker sex." 




Legal term illustrated: '^'^ Filing kis Suit.' 



252 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



TKe Idea- 
Jones took the night train from St. 
Paul to Chicago. Being restless, and un- 
accustomed to riding in a sleeper, he 
tossed about a great deal, and each time 
his head came into violent contact with 
the top or sides of his berth. 

A friend greeted him at the station. 
"Well, Jones, Tm glad to see you. 
How are you, anyway — but what under 
the sun has happened to your head ? 

"0, nothing much/^ was the grim reply. 
"Those are onlv berth-marks." 



Gladys : I had the loveliest time at the 
beach ! Just think : I was there less than 
two weeks and had sixteen proposals! 

Mayme : Why you wrote me there were 
only two eligible men in the place! 

Gladys: Well? That^'s seven for one 
and nine for the other. 



Mrs. Book Worm: Why, B. W., how 
yellow you look! I believe you have an 
attack of the jaundice. 

Mr. Book Worm: No, it must be the 
effect of that yellow journal I ate yes- 
terday. 



Tte Lover 8 Dilemma 
(Triolet) 

When her eyes confess 
And her lips deny, 
How^s a lover to sfuess — 
When her eyes confess 
Does she mean no or yes? 
Love-tortsred am I 
When her eyes confess 
And her lips deny* 

-G. T. 



An Object Lesson — 

For a solid half hour Johnny 
Jones had worried his father 
with a series of such questions 
as could suggest themselves to 
no mmd but that of a wide- 
awake seven-year-old. They 
ranged on a wide variety of 
subjects, and finally ended up 
with the Eastern unpleasant- 
ness. "Pa, Where's the ^seat 
of war'?'' 

The worm turned. 

"That's the place where I'll 
make it mighty warm for you, 
if you don't quit asking me 
fool questions." 




Charley: I notice that Mae has taken 
to riding astride. 

Evelyn : Well, she has the right. 

Charley : I didn't see anything the mat- 
ter with her left. 



First Chorus Girl: What did Dotty 
say when the manager fired her because 
she couldn't dance? 

Second C. G.: She said she didn't 
care — she had no kick coming. 




ROGRESS 



HSM 



-^-^-^ 




Devoted to tbe energy^ entkusiasm, growtk^ progress and 
development of tke great Nortkwcst 

Ignorance — 

People don't know about the Pacific Coast — its resources, its possibilities , its 
incomparable advantages. If they did, there would be such an influx of homeseekers 
that tlie railroad facilities would be taxed to the uttermost to handle them. But, 
they don't know. 

To the average inhabitant of the East or of the Middle West, the Pacific Coast — 
that wondei'ful section betvjeen the Rocky Mountains and the Pacific Ocean — is an 
unknown land, mythical, distant, unreal. 

Many there are, of course, who have read of the beneficent conditions which 
have combined to create this wonderland, and have marveled thereat, but have not 
been convinced, A few have passed through on a touring trip, and have been moved 
to wonder and delight. 

But they don't know. 

The fact is, the majority of people who live on the Pacific Coast are themselves 
unaware of the future in store for this region. Only a few of wide-compassing vision 
have fully measured the resources of this country. Still fewer — those of prophetic 
souls — have read the sigiis of future greatness. 

As surely as the, sun rises and sets, so surely does the course of empire move 
westward; so surely is the star of progress moving toward the Pacific Coast, as the 
scene of the next great act in the advance of human development. 

''The man on the Pacific Coast to-day is facing the front of the world." 



Tkc Larger Future of tke Nortkwest — 

In the Chicago Kecord-Herald there 
appeared recently an article by the rail- 
road editor, setting forth the wonderful 
opportunities of the Northwest, especially 
as based upon irrigation. The writer has 
visited this section and has thoroughly 
familiarized himself with the situation. 
As a result he presents a glowing picture 
of the present prosperity and the future 
greatness of their favored region. In 
his opening paragraph he strikes this key- 
note of enthusiasm : 

"The Pacific Northwest, Oregon, Wash- 
ington and Idaho, is on the eve of big 
opportunity. There are many reasons for 
believing that the lands of the picturesque 
Columbia and the Willamette are shortly 
to see a development which will rival any- 
thing in history. For more than three 



years the people of the far Northwest have 
been engaged in a campaign of education 
unique in character, national in scope, 
intense in purpose and which will culmin- 
ate in the Lewis and Clark Exposition 
to be held in Portland in 1905. 

"Back of this campaign is the enthusi- 
asm of several millions of people with an 
unbounded faith in a territory, which, 
they will tell you, is richer in resources, 
climate and scenery than any other terri- 
tory of equal area on the globe. The 
enthusiasm of the people of the Pacific 
Northwest is characteristic. There is 
nothing like it in the United States. They 
want population, and population they are 
rapidly acquiring. When people tell you 
in sober earnest that if the Pilgrim 
Fathers had landed upon the Pacific Coast 
instead of Plymouth Rock the East would 



254 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



to-day be a desert, you may be sure there 
is something doing in the way of active 
development. The kind of enthusiasm 
which permeates the Northwest is illus- 
trated by the recent organization of the 
Oregon Development League with head- 
quarters in Portland. Every business 
man worthy of the name is a member, 
and they pay a man a salary of $6,000.00 
annually just to tell the people about the 
resources of their state." 

In speaking of the large part immigra- 
tion is to play in the coming development 
of the Northwest, the writer says that "ir- 




A bucket tramway, used to convey wheat and 

other produce from the hifh ground to 

the Columbia River. 

rigation has become the slogan of this cam- 
paign for population. The people of 
Oregon and the Northwest, alive to the 
possibilities that lie in irrigation, are 
making a determined effort to secure the 
1905 convention of the National Irriga- 
tion Association. If this convention can 
be induced to meet in Portland during 
the Lewis and Clark Exposition it is felt 
that irrigation, and consequently immi- 
gration, will receive a tremendous impetus. 
"Irrigation has already become one of 
the main factors in the development of 
the Pacific Northwest. Probablv nowhere 



are the possibilities of irrigation greater, 
and nowhere are there to be found better 
examples of the irrigation methods of the 
present and what can be accomplished 
by them. Even now more than 1,800,000 
acres of land are under irrigation and 
partly settled, which added in 1903 
through products of the soil a total of 
$10,729,000 to the Pacific Northwest. 
Nearly 5,400,000 acres still remain which 
are transformable into a garden. It is, 
therefore, estimated that irrigation will 
eventually add fully $338,000,000 annu- 
ally to the wealth of this favored country. 
These estimates are not fanciful, but are 
rather under drawn. They are based upon 
an average producing value of $50.00 per 
acre, which is conservative. Thousands 
of acres of land already under irrigation 
bring returns from $100.00 to $300.00 
per acre. In the State of Washington 
more than 2,000,000 acres are susceptible 
of irrigation and 150,000 acres are now 
under irrigation, and are rapidly coloniz- 
ing. In Oregon 2,775,000 acres are capa- 
ble of irrigation, and 225,000 acres are 
now under irrigation. In Idaho 620,000 
acres can be irrigated, and about 713,595 
acres are now under irrigation. 

"It is stated that 600,000,000 acres of 
Western land are susceptible of irrigation, 
but that the water available will not ir- 
rigate more than 60,000,000. Of this 
amount the works i)lanned and being 
planned by the government do not cover 
more than 20,000,000 acres, leaving 40,- 
000,000 acres to be developed by private 
enterprise." 

Tkc Nortk"wcflt and tke Tourist — 

The tourist is beginning to appreciate 
the beauties of the Pacific Coast. For 
years California has been most popular — 
and justly so — with the seeker after 
health and recreation. But even Cali- 
fornia, charming as it is, with its per- 
petual sunshine, its orange groves and 
its poppies, presents no such scenic 
grandeur as the states that lie to the 
north of it. Indeed, in no other section 
of the world is to be found such a wide 
variety of picturesque features. Here 
may be seen mountains as grand, as awe- 
inspiring as any in the Alps or the 
Pyrenees. Neither the Ehine nor the 
Hudson, nor any other river, can rival 
the marvelous beauty of the gorge of the 



256 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



Columbia. Xowhere in the world can be 
found such magnificent forests as are 
here to be seen. Niagara may boast 
greater volume, but in height and in 
number, and in the savage beauty of 
their setting, the waterfalls of the North- 
west are peerless. 

Then there is the coast of the Pacific, 
with its sandy beaches, its driftwood, its 
sheltered coves and jutting headlands. 
There is Puget Sound, an inland sea of 
surpassing beauty, dotted with myriad, 
gem-like isles that rival in lovliness those 
of the St. Lawrence. There are the many 
mountain lakes and streams, the canyons, 
the glaciers, the countless beautiful and 
impressive views that charm the eye and 
inspire the soul. 

Moreover, there are other things of 
exceptional interest to the tourist. There 
are thriving cities, beautiful in their 
location, their streets, buildings, parks 
and natural environments. There are 
great harbors at which ships from all 
over the worid are at anchor. There are 
great industries carried on on a scale 
imparalleled elsewhere. Here the great 
forces of development are in visible opera- 
tion. And to all these attractions are 
added climatic conditions that approach 
the ideal. 

Surely, with all these enticements, the 
tourist can not ignore the appeal of this 
wonder-country to the lover of the beauti- 
ful, the unusual, the picturesque. 

TkcWkcatYicia- 

The figures of the official estimate of 
the wheat yield for Oregon, Washington 
and Idaho are most gratifying. They 
show that the crop, while not a record- 
breaker, by any means, is an excellent 
one. There is a large increase in acreage, 
and the average yield is satisfactory. 
Washington leads with 11,426,061 bushels 
of winter wheat, with an average of 26.3 
bushels per acre. The acreage has grown 
from 373,989 acres to 434,451 acres, and 
the total increase is at the rate of 52.1 per 
cent. In Oregon the yield is 7,828,034 
bushels, an increase of 870,423 bushels 
over last year. Idaho's harvest will be 
4,058,878 bushels, neariy double that of 
last year. The sum total for the three 
states is 23,312,973 bushels, which with 
the prevailing high prices, will represent 



quite a bundle of money for the farmers 
of the Pacific Northwest. 

Diversified Fiakeries — 

A prominent Washington newspaper 
calls attention to the possibilities of 
diversified fishing in our streams and on 
our coast. 

"There is money to be made in the 
fishing business," it says. "It is an indus- 
try that has been worked in the Northwest 
on but one or two lines, and these have 
been overworked. Excessive salmon fish- 
ing has depleted the supply. Rivers need 
restocking if the salmon industry is to 
be saved to posterity. The mjeans of main- 
taining a perpetual supply must be pro- 
vided by legislation. 

"But there are other lines of fishing 
that can be developed while we are 
remedying the errors we have made by 
excesses in the one direction. We can 
develop a future resource in shellfish 
and varieties of other fish heretofore per- 
mitted to live and die in countless millions 
without consideration. 

"A few years ago the shrimp consumed 
on Puget Sound came wholly from Cali- 
fornia waters. And all the time the waters 
of Puget Sound teemed with a superior 
article. We buy canned lobster though 
it has been demonstrated that the Puget 
Sound crab packed in tins is a positive 
luxury. Canned clams find a ready mar- 
ket even here at home. We send East for 
oysters, though the Eastern varieties can 
be produced" here in greatest perfection. 
Shad are abundant, and with rock cod, 
salmon, salmon trout, smelt, sea bass and 
many other varieties, can be shipped in 
cold storage to responsive markets all over 
the continent. There are small varieties 
of smelt that resemble sardines in flavor, 
and herring, too, are abundant. Then 
there is the anchovy. These delicate little 
fish swarm in nearly all Pacific Coast 
waters. They are, perhaps, our most 
valuable fish, yet no steps have been taken 
to make use of them. 

"Diversified fishing, like diversified 
farming, is of greater benefit to communi- 
ties. It means a larger army of the em- 
ployed, a more extended season of activity, 
a greater amount of capital invested, a 
larger and more valuable product and 
more general commercial relations with 
other markets." 



DRIFT. 




Nearing the End. 

Methuselah was in his nine hundred and 
sixty-eighth year. It was a long, dry sum- 
mer that year, too, and Abelgad the Beehe- 
mite. and Obadad the Dinnymite, were fret- 
ting over the drought. 

"Yes," quavered Methuselah, fidgeting 
with his stout cane, "it is prettv warm; but 
1—** 

Here Abelgad and Obadad winked know- 
ingly at each other. 

"But I," Methuselah continued, "can't say 
that T recollect any year that ever has given 
us such a long, dry spell. '^ 

Then Obadad and Abelgad walked softly 

■away, saying one to another that the old man 

was showing his first signs of breaking down. 

— Judge. 

» » • 

A Different Viewpoint. 

For the seventeenth time the stout visitor 
had groped patiently under the couch, on 
w^hich he was sitting, for a rubber ball be- 
longing to his hostess' little son. Each time 
it was returned to him the delighted young- 
•ster squealed with delight. 

"How little, '* sad the mother, "it takes 
to amuse a child." 

"Well, I don't know about that," re- 
turned the visitor, who was crimson from ex- 
-ertion and decidedly limp as to collar. "It 
•seems to me that it takes a great deal." — 
Woman 's Home Companion. 
» » • 

Significant. 

Margaret's father and mother, whose home 
was in Xew York City, had arranged to take 
a long-talked-of trip to Chicago. The night 
before they were to start on their Western 
-expedition, Margaret's mamma told the little 
girl that she must go to bed early, as she 
would have to be up by daylight the next 
morning. 

Margaret very obediently consented to pre- 
pare for bed. When her dress had been taken 
■off and her nightie put on, she knelt to say 
her prayers. She closeiV her petition as fol- 
lows : 

"Good-by, God! Good-by, angels! Good- 
byl Good-by! I'm going to Chicago to-mor- 
row!" — Woman's Home Comi)anion. 

« :K :K 

Meekly — Y'es, we're going to move to 
Swamphurst. 

Doctor — But the climate there may disa- 
gree with your wife. 

Meekly — It wouldn 't dare. — Philadelphia 
Prj^ss. 



5RAND 



t 



■red 



NStocIc 



. PERFECTION IN 
1 CAMMED goods: 

I 

Feas.Corn.Jtult^ 
Tomatoes. Bean^i 
VejetaLWes.Cilsup. 
, Salmon .OlivcOil. 
'^Yrup5, Clams, 
0Y5ter5,6hrimp. 
'Lob5ter^..,_ 

Vi 



Preferred Stock 




Portland. Oreo on. 




THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



How to Spell Oat. 

Brown— "I had a letter from Smith this 
morning, and I bet you a cookie you don't 
guess in half a dozen guesses how the igno- 
rant beggar spelled cat." 

Jones-^a bet I do." 

Brown— '* All right, then; fire away." 

Jones— *'C-a-t-t." 

Brown— ** No." 

Jones— '*C-a-t-t-e." 

Brown— ** No." 

Jones— '*K-a-t." 

Brown— ** No." 

Jones— *^K-a-t-t." 

Brown— *^ No." 

Jones— '*K-a-t-t-e." 

Brown— ** No." 

Jones— **C-a-g-h-t." 

Brown— ''No." 

Jones— ''Well, how did he spell itt" 

Brown— "Cat." 

Jones (angrily)— "But you said he was an 
ignorant beggar." 

Brown— "So I did; but it is not likely that 
he would be so ignorant as not to be able to 
spell cat."— March Woman's Home Com- 
panion. 

* * * 

" 'Tis a great ambition Oi hov," said Cas- 
sidy. 

"To work so ye '11 hov lots o' money, Oi 
suppose," said Casey. 

"No; to hov lots o' money so Oi won't 
hov to work."— Philadelphia Public Ledger. 



The Power of Beauly 



b known and understood 
by every woman 

Facial defects no longer marks for life. 
Send two cents for booklet by 

Aza Holmes Ribbecke 

Graduate Dennatoloclst 

Scientific Facial Correotionist 
Beaatifler and Restorer 
of Yonthfol Oomlineas. 

Parlors* 364 MorriMa St PORTLAND, ORE. 



An Attractive 



SpOt^a a a 



When you want something original and 
artistic for your Den or Bachelor apartments 
wheti^er in a picture, cast or choice piece of 
pottery; or if you wish to have your picture 
property framed and artistically mounted, call 
and see the 

LITTLE ART SHOP 

No. 175 Fourth Street 

Y. M. C. A. Bldg., Portland, Or. 



4i 



I TREAT FOR THE. TRAVELER I 



h^t^t^^Mitt^t^^^ 



THB best medical authorities are unanimous in recom- 
mending horseback riding for nervous, lung and 
kindred complaints. Particularly is this mode of exercise 
beneficial on this West coast, where the patient can enjoy 
the pure open air, inhale nature's ozone and the resinous 
fragrance of pine, fir, cedar and hemlock. 

Saddlb H0RS8S AND Carriages 
Horses Bought and Sold : : 



PORTLAND BJDINC CLUB w.c«o«m,Mr. 

394 Eleventh St., Portfcuid, Ore. 'pmonb asa 




Gold FUUngs : $1.00 | Gold downs : $4.00 

Silver FUUngs : : .50 1 FtiU Set of Teeth, 5.00 
Thete are new prices for first class work. 

I give my personal attention to patrons and DO ab- 
solutely guarantee ald my work for ten years. 
I have the latest appliances known to dentistry. 
OFFICE HOURS : 8 to 5. Suudsy, lo to 12. 



W. T. SLATTEN, Dentist, '^:,'^^t'' """'o-ff^-ao'i 




DRIFT. 



Obituary. 

(From the Weekly Trego Truckpateh.) 
\ The old man Gunn 

Of Jayhawker's run, 
f Who had the mon, 
J" Died to-day at one. 

A neighbor's son 
*. Shot Gunn 

With a shot-gun. 
He leaves one.. 
Son. 

Now every one 
Asks every one, 
*' Shall we call this son. 
This Gunn's son. 
This son of a Gunn, 
The heir Gunnf— Judge. 



Robert B. Mantell tells of a clergyman 
who went fishing. He was perched in a pre- 
carious position when he got a bite, and in 
his excitement fell into the stream. 

He yelled lustily for help, and a farmer 
came along and pulled him out. 

**How did you come to fall int" inquired 
his rescurer. 

**I didn't come to fall in," replied the 
dripping preacher, **I came to fish.*'— New 
York Telegram. 

• • • 

Wise Brothers, Dentists. 
Failing Building, Third and Washington Sts. 
Portland, Oregon* 



5). P 1 N A U d'^S 

lEw BE^ ClTUININEl 

Ed. Knaud's Eau de Quiiune 

lsthtb«£t Hflir RestorflUve Vxwy^"t\—\\ preservM the 
hair from piarasitic attacks, tones up the hair bulbs, 
dcan&es the scalp and posSttvely removes dandmlf 

£d. Piiiaiid*^ Eau de Quinine 

l!t also a most extreLletit Hair Dnesslnp^The sweet 

and refined odgr which ^\ Jeeves in tlie hair makei 

the toilet a luxury ;:;;;;; 

SOLD EVBHV WHERE 

Bottles, 
$1.00 




SanipureMii-k| 

TRUE TO NATURE ^ 

A COUNTERPART OF MOTHERS 
MILK , A MOST NOURISHING 
DIET, EASILY DIGESTED. -4— 

A PERFCT FOOD 
FOR INFANTS] 



A SANIPUREBABY 

AT 4 MONTHS 

AND AT 4 TEARS 
NOURISHED ENTIRLY 

^SANfpURE/ 





THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



He Helped Himself. 

**Well, Bobby, how do you like church?" 
asked his father, as they walked homeward 
from the sanctuary, to which Bobby had just 
paid his first visit. 

*^It's fine!" ejaculated the young man. 
**How much did you get, father?" 

**How much did I get I Why, what do you 
meanf How much whatt" asked the aston- 
ished parent at this evident irreverence. 

*'Why, don^t you remember when the funny 
old man passed the money around I I only got 
ten cents." — Lippincott's Magazine. 



Got a Bite. 

In a certain town in the north of Ireland 
there is a fishing-tackle shop, the sign whereof 
is a brazen trout dangling at the end of a 
fishing rod of massive proportions. Late one 
night a townsman who had been dining **not 
wisely but too well" happened to see this 
fish. He looked at it, then went cautiously 
to the door and knocked gently. 

** Who's there?" demanded the shopkeeper 
from an upper window. 

^'Sh-h! Don't make a noise, but come down 
as quietly as you can," was the reply. Think- 
ing something serious was the matter, the 
man arose and stole downstairs. 

*^Now, what's the matter?" he inquired. 

**Pull your line in quick; you have got a 
bite," roared the tipsy one as he erratically 
turned a corner. — London Tit-Bits. 



Both Very Old. 

When off duty. Professor Richards, of Yale, 
enjoys a joke, and his pupils often come to 
him when they have heard a new one. He 
adds to the fun sometimes with a witticism 
of his own. Such was the case when one of 
the students perpetrated the following an- 
tiquity: ** Professor, would you like a good 
recipe for catching rabbits?" 

' * Why, yes, ' ' replied the professor. * * What 
is it?" 

'*Well, you crouch down behind a thick 
stone wall and make a noise like a turnip," 
answered the youth, giggling in ecstasy. Quick 
as a flash came the reply: **0h, a better way 
than that would be for you to go and sit 
quietly in a -bed of cabbage heads and look 
natural." — Christan Endeavor World. 



Modem Literary Business. 

^*Yes, gentlemen," says the first promoter, 
**I will come in on the deal with you and 
help you to promote the combination on one 
condition." 

^^And that is?" asked the others. 

**That I have the privilege of writing the 
magazine expose of our dealings with the 
public." 

After forcing him to agree that all the rest 
shall have time to publish their articles on 
**How to succeed" before he writes his ar- 
ticle, the papers are signed Judge. 




QUEEN LOUISE FACE ] 
MASSAGE CREAM 

Beaatifies, nonthea, lnviffnrnt<^. refrpHhfn and 
cleanses. Will remove Wrinkles, Freckles. RIackheadN. 
Tan, Bunbum and other Facial Bleminhen. It pro- 
duces a velvety clear complexion. It im u#ed b} all the 
leading society ladies ana prominent actref«rte^. 

For sale by all prominent department t*ion-*. druij 
stores and barber supply houset* in the Fnited Stat***. 
If your dealer cannot supply you with the Quet-n 
Louise Cream, order direct from u*i. niviuK his name, 
and upon receipt of 50 cents for a 8-oz. jar or tlAt) for 
the 6-oz. beautiful crystal jar, we will send you b> ex- 
press prepaid the Queen Louis** Cream, together with 
a beautiful illustrated book givinK full directions how 
to use the Cream for Facial and Body MasftaKe. 

Address Dept. B. R. 

N. LOPARD <8b CO., Inc. 

705 Broadway. : New York. N. Y. 



4C0AL 

INDUCEMENT 



We want to sell 70a a ton of our COAL. 
We will marantee to sell it to yon cheaper, if you 
mention The Faoiflo Monthly, than you can buy a sim- 
ilar srade elsewhere. 

You can telephone us the order if you wish, but yon 
must mention this magazine to get the reduction. 
Our regular prices are f5.60 to $7.00 per ton delivered. 
We make a lower price to the reader of thiM ad. 

W hen 

you bu> 

:oa I 




329BURNSI[>E ST 



our 
you ^ 
firHt -claicft 
guaran- 
teed ar- 
ticle. 

Sftecial 
rates* on 
car lots of 
steam c«miI 
and on 
f oun d ry 
and smel- 
ter coke. 



2776 

Poftlinii, 
Ore. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



G. P. RUMMELIN (& SONS 

No. 126 Second St, near WasUi^tOA, Portland, Ore. 



FINE FURS 



Novelties in Fur Stoles, Fur Boas, Fur 
Neckwear, Fur Pillow Muffs 



ALASKA SEALSKINS, LONDON DYE, 
OUR SPECIALTY 



Newest Styles in Sealskin. Persian Lamb. Otter. 
Beaver, Bear Seal and Moire Astrachan Coats, 
with handsome brocade or plain satin linings. 
FUR RUGS AND ROBES. Send for Catalogue. 



I^EADING and RKI^IABI^E FURRIERS 




AN OFFER AND A TEST 

■ — 

$25 DISCOUNT ON NEW PIANOS 



TO ASCERTAIN the value of The Padfic Monthly as an advertising medium, as we are a number 
of other publications, we print bolow a coupon which, if presented here at time of purchase 
and before the time specified on the coupon, will secure to purchaser a discount of S25.0O on any new 
piano in our store. 

Remember, this means your choice of Chickering, Weber, Kimball, Hazelton, Lester, Hobart M. 
Cable, Crown, Bailey, Hallet & Davis, Bause, and twenty other makes of highest grade pianos. 



Cut* tUs out. Worth $25 Cash. 



EILCRS PIANO HOUSE 

Pacific Monthly Coupon 

This Coupon will be received at Ellen Piano House 
No. 861 Washington St.. Portland, Ore., and is good for 

Twenty-five Dollars 

toward the pnrchase price of any one of our new pianos. If 
presented at any time before the first of December, 1904. 
EILER8 PIANO HOUSE. 

NOTK: We agree to accept this Goupon exactly the 
same as cash on any piano in our stock, and arrangements 
may be made for payment of the remainder by the week or 
month, as beet suits the convenience of the buyer. Deliv- 
ery of the instrument will be made immediately or any 
time in the future. 



EILERS 

PIANO HOUSE 

The Largest, Liveliest, Most* Responsible 

and Popular Piano Concern on the 

Padilc Coast* 

351 Washington St., Cor. Park 

PORTLAND, ORE. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 

« 

The WASHINGTON LIFE 

INSURANCE COMPANY i^ y^ 



FIRST IN SAFETY AND RELIABILITY 

FIRST IN EARNINGS AND PAYMENT OF DIVIDENDS 

FIRST IN TAKING CARE OF THE INTERESTS 
OF POLICY HOLDERS 

H WASHINGTON LIFE Endowment Policies and 5% Gold 
Bonds can be secured on annual payments* No taxes« Insurance 
for your family^ or estate^ pending maturity* These unsurpassed con- 
tracts oHer the safest and best means to provide for old age* 

H The WASHINGTON Twenty Payment Life, Loan and Term 
Extension Policies are unequaled* Call at our oHices and we will 
prove it to you* 

H The best and most successful business men are the best in- 
sured men* No man can afford to be without life insurance* 



For particulars, call or write 

BLAIR T. SCOTT 

GENERAL MANAGER 

609.10-11-12 AND 13 CHAMBER OP COMMERCE 
PORTLAND, OR£GON 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertiaert. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTTSTNO SEOTTOV 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly whrn dealing with ftdvertisert. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 

HOMES FOR HUNDREDS 



One hundred thousand acres will be open for public entry on October 20th, 1904. by the State 
of Idaho, under the mammoth Twin Palls irrigation canal, in the fertile Snake River 
valley in Southern Idaho. 

TERMS. 

This tract has been set apart for entry under the provisions of the act of Congress, known as 
the "Carey Act/' the terms of which are most inviting. 

Actual residence is required for but a short period, and any person holding a filing can 
transfer his right at any time. 

Entries can be made in Government subdivisions, not to exceed 160 acres to one person and 
the entry does not conflict with rights of entry under other laws of Congress, can be 
made by Power of Attorney. 

A uniform price of $25.50 per acre for land and water right, with payment privilege ex- 
tended over a period of ten years, has been fixed by the State Land Board. 

SOIL. 

Rich, alluvial and very productive. It contains no alkali or mineral substancs, and is very 
free from gravel and stones. 

WATER SUPPLY. 

Secured from the Snake River, which will afibrd abundant water for irrigation purposes at 
all seasons of the year. 

PRODUCTS. 

Alfalfa, timothy, clover (both hay and seed), oats, wheat, barley, vegetables, berries and 
all deciduous fruits. Red winter apples and peaches here attain perfection. 

CANAL. 

Twenty six miles of the main canal, 80 feet wide on the bottom and 120 feet on top built to 
carry a volume of water ten feet deep, is now completed, and laterals are heme con- 
structed to carry water to the lands. This system is the largest in the U. S. and will 
ultimately cover an area of 270,000 acres. 

POWER. 

Shoshone, Salmon, Auger and Twin Palls are immediately adjacent to these lands and will 
furnish almost unlimited power. Work is already well advanced at Shoshone Falls 
and power will be available at an early date. 

CLIMATE. 

Is healthful, mild and equable. The winters are mild, the spring and fall seasons usually 

very pleasant, while the summers are not uncomfortably warm, the atmosphere being 

cooled by the mountain breezes. 
The opening of this large tract comes under most auspicious circumstances. Those seeking 

homes cannot find greater advantages and opportunities anywhere than are found in the 

Twin Falls District. 

TWIN FALLS CITY. 

Situated near the center of this tract of land, promises a phenomenal growth. Already a 
water system and a long distance telephone are installed. Many buildings are in course 
of erection, among which is a hotel costing about $50,000. 

Town lots are offered at very reasonable prices and are certain to advance rapidly in value. 
For Fun ParUcvlars Address 

TWIN FALLS INVESTMENT CO. 

TWIN PALLS, IDAHO 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



TAYLOR, THE TAILOR 

MAKES SUITS THAT PIT 

Cutting Experience 29 Years 
Foreign and Domestic Woolens 



92 >^ Sixth St. 



PORTLAND, ORE. 



PAT FOLKS 

I have reduced my weight 55 poumdB, bust 9 inches, 
waist 8 inches and hips 9 inches in a short time by a 
guaranteed harmless remedy, without exercise or starv- 
ing. I want to tell you all about it. Enclose stamp. 

Address MRS. CHARLOTTE WOODWARD, Oregon 
City, Oregon. 



JOHM H. MXTCHXLX 



Albskt H. Tannbr 



MITCHELL & TANNER 

Attomeys-al-Law 
Cofnmcrcial Block, PORTLAND, OREGON 



Rat«8 Reasonable 



Sample Rooms 



European Plan 
NEWLY OPENED 

HOTCL SHANKS 

J. B. Shank*, Prop. 

First-Olass Check Rentatirant In connection. 

To try n» is to Btay with us. 



Golden 
West 



O SPICES, o 

COFFEE^TEA, 

BAKING POWDER, 

FLAVORING EXTRACTS 

Akotulf1^Jrj^]f, Rrxeshflavor, 
CLOSSETftDEVERS 

^ POBTLAWP^ORECON, j 



OSTEOPATHY 



Drs. anna M. and F. J. BARR 

Graduataa of American Sohool of Osteopathy and A. T. 

Still Infirmary, of KirkaTille. Mo. 'Phone Main 2226. 

Offloe Hoars: 9 to 12 A. ^.. IjBO to 4jB0 P. M. 

800 Dckum BIdg. : : : : : Portland, Ore 




t jP»#W»tt»e^< 



Novelty Photo Fan i i 

THE NEWEST THING OUT !► 




FOR DECORATING THE HOME 

The moat beantifol and artiatio article ever offered. 
Holds any cablnet<l»ed photograph or kodiJc picture. 
NO PBETTIEBWATeTerdeTiBedtorahowinsphotoa. 
Can be hong on the wall, placed in a comer or on the 
piano. 

Jnst like out, made of flneat mat or poster board, 
in l>ottle green, mby red, pearl gray or chocolate 
brown, decorated with ribbon to hannonise and se- 
curely rireted. Can be opened and closed at will. 
SlTCLOjpen 22x12 in., closed tel2 in. SEND 90 GENTS 
FOB ONE TODAY. sUting color. A set of four, one 
of each color, postpaid for <me dollar. Agenta wanted. 

West Coast Supply Co. 

165 Park Street Poftiand. Oregon 



^ > 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



Yaquina Bay* 

Stimmer Resort ReacHed Via 

Southern Pacific Company 

Driving, Boating, Fishing, Hunting, Surf-bathing, may be enjoyed, 
and here is the only place where Rock Oysters are found. 




DIOOINO ROCK OYSTBRS AT NBWFORT. 



Neivportt Cape Fotiliveather Light Hotise» 
U. S. Life Saving Station, 

are among the many interesting places near this famous resort. Full 
information and our beautifully illustrated catalogue may be secured 
from, any Southern Pacific Agent, or address 

W* £• COMAN, Gen'l Passen|(er A|(ent, Portland, Ore. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION 



Hartman, Thompson dllPowers 

Surety Bonds 
Real Estate 
and Insurance 

3 ViAZUh^" Portland, Oregon 



M. C Griswold, President. W. E. Keeler, Sec^, 
. J. I^.^l^aztman, Vice-PresidteC : * " 

Security Abstract and * 
Trust Co. 

Mm. 214-215 Chamber of Commerce, 
PORTLAND, ORE. ' 

ABSTRACTS, CERTIFICATES 
OF TITLE, TAX SEARCHES, LOANS 



Music Lovers! Sr?.ri'ro2:s 

CBND JOB 10 oento in silrer or BtAiniM, tocether with the names 
^ of 10 peraonfl who get mall at your postofBoe who are inter- 
ested in moeio, and we will send yon onr handsome magasine 
one year. We reoeire hundreds of new sa^acrlptiona dally 
from persons who think our Magasine a bigger bargain than 
Harpeor's. Mansey^. Ladies' Home Journal or MoOlnre's. This 
is a special offer for a short time only, so send at onoe. Our 
Bobeoription price may advance to $1 per year soon. Address 

Burses Publishinc Co., DepL K. L., Grand Rapids, Mich. 



^ •^^F^P'^^^P^P^F^P^P^P^P^P^P'^P^^'^Si^^^P^S^^P'^^^P^ 



DO YOU SAVE YOUR 
MAGAZINES? 



If so, have them bound at a 
small cost. 



=Thc: 



James Printing 

Company 



PRINTERS 
BOOKBINDERS 
PAPER RULERS 

MAIOTFACTURBRS OP- 




PATENT FLAT OPENING 
BLANK BOOKS 

22 Front Sfreet, Portland, Ore. 

Telephone Main 2305 



■^ ff^ ^T^T tt Send 10c for one year's subscription to 
R*E^^^ Y "American Stories," the best monthly 
I |%l_l_# magazine published, and we will send 
you samples of 100 other magazines, 
all different. American Stories, Dipt I. U Braal lifiii. Hrt. 




WM. M. I^ADD 

President 



J. Thorburn Ross 
Vlce-I^resident and Maqager 



T. T. BUX.KHART 

Secretary 



John'K. Kolllock 
Asst. Secretary 



LOANS 
REAL ESTATE 



Safe Deposit 
Vauts 



We have the 
Largest and Beat 

Equipped Real 
EsCaU Office and 

the largest and most 
complete outfit of 
maps and plats In the 
city. Our real estate 
ownership books and 
records of claim of 
title are accurate and 
up-to-date. 



ABSTRACTS 
TITLE INSURANCE 



Interest allowed on time deposits 

and certificates Issued 

thereon. 



THE TITLE GUARANTEE AND TRUST COMPANY 

6 and 7 Chamber of Commerce, Portland, Oregon 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



♦♦»♦♦»»»»»»•»»♦»♦♦»»♦»•»»»♦♦ 



BOSTON 

STEAMSHIP 
COMPANY 

PUGET SOUND-ORIENTAL LINE 



INTENDED SAILINGS 



FROM 



TACOMA^N'> SEATTLE 



TO 



YOKOHAMA, KOBE, MOJI, 

NAGASAKI, SHANGHAI, 
HONG KONG AND MANILA 



Camrins Cargo on thronsh Bills of Lading 
to all principal porta in 

Japan, Korea, China, Philippine Ishinds, 
Straits Settlements and India 



Tremont - Aug. 9 Pleiades - Oct. 28 

Lyra - - - Sept. 5 Tremont - Nov. 12 

Hyades - Sept. 21 Hyades - Dec. 6 

Shawmut - Oct. 12 Lyra - - Dec. 12 

Pleiades - Dec. 30 

Snbject to change withont notice. 



SHAWMUT AND TREMONT 

Oarry Flrat-GlaaB. Intermediate and 
Steerage Paaaengers. 



For Rates and other Information apply 
to any Agent of the 

Northern Pacific, Great Northern, and 

Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 

Railways, or 

Frank Waterhouse 

Managing Agent 

SEATTLE, - - WASH. 




lam , 

JohnriacMntosh 
the Toffee Ring- 



Mackintosh's Toffee 






Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. 



Is a Most Delicious == 

Old English Candy 



I AM called " The Toffee King " because I am 
the largest manufiacturer of Toffee in the 
world. In England alone I sell over a 
hundred tons a week. There is an exquisite 
flavor about Mackintosh's Toffee that makes it 
"more-ish"— the more you eat of it, the more you 
want of it; and I want to say that it is the purest 
candy made — as pure as the crystal springs. 

If you have any trouble in securing Mack- 
intosh's Toffee, don't hesitate to write me and 
send me the name of your dealer. I will see that 
he is supplied. Don't hesitate to do this ; your 
letter will receive my prompt attention. 

I find that since I began to introduce my 
Mackintosh's Toffee into this country, other 
candy manufacturers are beginning to imitate 
my Toffee. This is surely complimentary to my 
goods, as " imitation Is always the sincerest 
flattery." And so I want to warn you that the 
original Toffee is Mackintosh's, and see to it that 
your dealer supplies you with Mackintosh's 
Toffee. Don't forget the name. 

Trial package sent by mail for ten cents in 
stamps to pay postage and packing ; or I will 
send you a 4-lb. Family Tin for |i.6o and pay all 
express charges. But before sending your order, 
try your dealer first. 

John Mackintosh 

Department 19 

78 Hudson Street, New York 



This 



design cafyrighted, F004. John 
Mackintosh, New York. 



It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



2 



Double Daily Train Service 

To the Beytiful Twin Cities 

MINNEAPOLIS AND ST. PAUL 

AND THE EAST 



1-OVERLAND TRAIN DAILY-1 



VIA THE 



2 



NORTHERN PACiriC- 
BURUNGTON ROUTE 



To Denver, Lincoln, Omaha, St. Joseph, Kansas City, St. Louis, 
and all points East and Southeast. 



The Only Direct Line to the Famous Yellowstone National Park. 

The Only Reliable Pioneer Dining Car Line. 

Excellent Throu^jh Car Service. 



Try the ''North Coast Limited" 

Electric Lighted. The Finest Train on Earth. 



A. D. CHARLTON, Assj. Ge n I Passenger A Kt^255 MomSOn St 

PORTLAND, OREGON 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly vhcn dealing with advertisers, it will be appreciated. 



THK PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



ElfTABLIBHKD 18BS 



'Phomv Red 977 



Portland marble (Uorks 

SdMICH « nCM 

MAKUFAOTTJRKBS OF AKD DKAI.KB8 IN ALL JLJUHM OF 

MARBLE, GRANITE 
AND STONE WORK 

Estimates Givea on Application 

268 First Street, ^^^?er!JSf stS^** ^*'" 

PORTLAND, ORE. 



Oregon & Washington Boating Co. 

BARGING. UGHTCRING 
AND rREIGHTING 

Bargva for Kent. Routing of Lamb4>r, TImi and other Wood 
Pro<lactii. Ship Lightering. 

H. F.. OEBSPAOH. Mamaokb. 

Office, root of Morrison St., Portland. Ore. 






SMILED 




Cured piles 

now I 

like this again like this 

He cured himself hy uang the Dr. Magoris Home 
Treatment for piles, fissures, fistulas, and all dis- 
eases of the rectum. Package costs 50c. All 
druggists sell it. We guarantee cures or refund your 
money. Trial package FREE for the name of one 
other person who has piles. Dr. Magoris Home 
Treatment Co., Binghamton, N. Y. 




THE OLYMPIA 

C. N. TUNIN. Proprietor 

Headquarters for Gxninercial Men rM , , «% .^i « \\r^ ^ u 
Fine Sample Rooms OlyiTipia, Wash. 



THE GLORIOUS 

"STARS AND STRIPES" 

We make them to order. Any size. Any quantity. 
A large asoortment of PI«AGS constantly In stock. 

Wa ARK MANUrAOTUNana AND IMPORTSna OP 

Bags, TwinM, Tents, Awnings and Mining HoM 

BAG PRINTING A SPECIALTY 

Write US for prices. Mention the Pacific Monthly 

W. C. NOON BAG CO. 

Incorporated 1893 
32-34 First St. 210-216 Couch St. Portlaod.Ors. 



THE MAGNIFICENT SCENERY 



OF 



GOLUMBIA 
RIVER 

The most beautiful in the world, can best 
be seen from the steamers ''DALLES CITY" 
••REGULATOR" and •'BAILEY GATZERT" 
of the 

REGULATOR LINE 

DO NOT Miaa THIS 



steamers leave Portland, Alder Street dock, 
7:00 A. M. daily, except Sunday, for 
The Dalles, Cascade Locks, Hood River 
and way landings. 

PHONE 914 

8. MCDONALD, Aftnt, Portland, Ortflon. 
A. W. ZIMMERMAN, Agsnt, Tho DaliesTortgon. 
H. C. CAMPBELL. Managsr. Portland. Ortgen. 



Don't forget to inention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



ANDERSON 
& DUNIWAY 
COMPANY 



**? 






Printers and 
Litkograpkers 



PWe MaLi 17 208 Alder St. 
PORTLAND, ORE. 



t**'*******^*****'*'*^*******^^^ 



i 



Vulcan Coal Co. 




Puget SouHd HOUSE COALS 

From $5.50 to $7.00 per ton delivered 

• 

Rock Springs. Wyoming Coal. I8.50 
Special rates on all coals, 5 ton lots or 
more. Best grades Eastern and West- 
em blacksmith coals. Foundry and 
smelter cokes. 

Office 329 Bumslde St. Phone Main 2776 

PORTLAND. OREGON. 



Joaquin Miller and other Characteristic 
Western Authors and Artists contribute 

to 

SUNSET 

The only magazine that faithfully tells, by pictures and text, 
of the wonders of California, Oregon, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New 
Mexico, Texas and the nation's west- 
em borderland. It is notable for the 
number and artistic merit of its en- 
gravings. The representative busi- 
ness houses advertise in its pages. If 
you want to learn of California and 
the West, read SUNSET regularly. 



$1.00 a Year 



10c a Copy 



PUBUSHBD MONTHLY BY 

Possenser Department 
Southern Pacific 



4 Montgomery Street - SAN FRANCISCO 
193 Qark Street - - - - CHICAGO 
349 Broadway - - NEW YORR CITY 
49 Leadenhall Street - LONDON. ENG. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



(«^tM^«#««^4^^4«^t^M^44^^^ 



^ We Retail Goods »t Wholesale Prices # 

X H K 

I Pacific mail Order Co. 



208-210 Pint St. 207-209 Salmon St. 

Portland, Ore0cm 

We Sell Bverythinf Toa Need 

Harness, Farm Implements, Fumittsre, 
Stoves, Groceries, Pianos, Organs, etc* 

Send for lllustraied Catalogue at once. IMnu llpt 






WM. DEVENY 



ESTELLE DEVENY 



FLOSSIE DEVENY 



THE DEVENYS 

Tke Only Scientific ChiropoiiaU 

IN THK CITY 

Ptume Main ijoi 

Parlors in The Drew, Room 203 

ll2lMMtfSt.liarlirriiii,l^liTil«IMi PIITUII. NttM 



MRS. L. B. HAMILTON 



MRS. C. A. CROWELL 



THE CALUMET 

RESTAURANT 

50c DINNERS A SPECIALTY 

FIRST CLASS FAMILY RESTAURANT 

149 Seventh Street PORTLAND. ORE. 



Fire Bricks and Clay 

Lime, Cement Piaeter 

Pig IroR aRd Coke IroR aRd Steel 

T. S. McRath 

Imporltr and Exporlar 

AlRSworthBidg.,PortlaRd,Ore.,U.S.A. 
C»rraspaiidtne« Solicitad 



Rates, S2.00 per day and up 
American Plan 

ClK 6ei$er 6rand 



GEISER GRAND HOTEL CO.. 
Proprietors 



Art. Harris. Manager BAKER CITY, ORE. 




STOVER 

GASOLINE 
ENGINES V 

STATIONARY AND PORTABLE 



PORTABLE GASOLINE CIRCULAR 

WOOD SAW MACHINES 
GASOLINE DRAG SAW MACHINES 

Hundreds of Stover Engines In use In Oregon. Washington and Idaho 

Pumping Water.SawingWood.GrlndIng Feed for many other purposes. 

Send for Catalogue of Stover Gasoline Engines. 

MITCHO.L, LEWIS (fh STAVER CO. 

spoklk*!^*«>^- Boi... id>Ho t X PORTLAND, ORE. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertiaera. It will be appreciated. 



'J'HE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEETISINQ SECTION. 




BOOK CLUB 

Special for 30 Days Only 



DEATH: The Meaning and RcMilt, 
Vilsoni ' ' 



: doth 



$1.25 



LAV OF HEREDITY, VlUiams; 

cloth I>25 

$Z50 
Our special price for the two, $1*25 

CREATIVE AND SEXUAL SQ- 

ENCE, by O. S. Fowler - $2.00 
LAV OF HEREDITY, VilUann, L2S 

$3.25 
Our special price for the two, $J*60 

JONES^ BCX>K STORE 

291 Alder St., Portland, Ore. 



Portland Paint « OPall Paper eo. 

PAINTERS DECORATORS 

Dealera In Wall Paper and Room Mooldiafi. 

Jobbers of Globe Weather Proof Paint and Qnmm 

Varnishes. Phone Black 2B1I. 

96S Smeond St,, Portiamd, Orm» 



Profitable 


investments 


On the Pacific Coast. A 


Satisfactory Profit assured 


and the Security of your 


Money absolutely guaran- 


teed. No sum too small — 


none too large. Capital 


$ 10,000,000.00. Write us 


for particulars. 


EQUITABLE SAVINGS & 


LOAN ASSOCIATION 


CORCORD BLDG., PORTLAND, ORE. 



J. p. FINLEY & SON 

andFonieral Mredort 

= Lady Attendant 



Both Phones No. 9 ■ 



Cor. Third and Madison Sts.» 
Portland, Ore. 



EDWARD HOLMAN 

UNDERTAKER, EMBALMER 
AND FUNERAL DIRECTOR 

Experienced Lady Assistant 
aao.aaa Third St. PORTLAND, ORB. 

BOJAHS NO DANDRO 



MA riAiynDA <> ^ deUghtful and refreshing 
■^VF \Mi\Vk\MW%\M 8hampoo Powder, which thor- 
oochlv cleanses the scalp, removes and prevents dandruff, 
■tops nilling hair, prevents baldness, imparts health and 
▼igor to the roots of the hair and produces a healthy and 
luxuriant growth. Send for booklet. 

J. CLARK CO., 838 S. Hope Street, Los Angeies, Cal. 



BEAUTY, BRAIN AND BRAWN 



How to Attain and Retain them by Nature's own true 
methods, which insure a strong, healthy body, active 
limbs, new life, rosy cheeks and natural beauty. 

ii pages, IOC. Send for free list of helpful books to 
•at. P. M. 104, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE 
Clilcago, III. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Ifonthlj wten dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEUTISING SECTION 



Two 
hroughTraini 

to Chicago 

daily from Portland and pomts in Oregon and Eastern 
Washington via the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Com pan)% 

Oregon Short Lme, Union Pacific Railroad and Chicago 

& North-Wesiern Railway, over 

THE ONLY DCHJBLE-TUCK RAILWAY BETWEEN 
THE MISSOURI RIVER AND CHtCAM. 

Th« ChicqiFO' Port land S^necjalr the most luxurjous train fn the 

world, Pullman skepinif C3r$, dininff car, t>uffet EmokJnir 

and library car fhiirbfr and bath). L^sa than three days 

Portland to ChicaRo. Daily excurciona in Pullman 

tourbl fileepine cars from Portland thrnugh to 

Chicago without chanjre. 

R. R, RfTCKlH, CcDCral Affeat Pacltc Coait, 

617 Marii^ct St., S*A Fraacltca^ C«l, 
A. G. BARlCBRt General Affeat, 153 TbJr4 St., 



Portlaad, 

J!^'»** C. A M.-W. RY. 



^^lEe lUinois Central 



Connects at St. Paul, Omaha and New Orleans 
with all transcontinental lines. Call on or write 
the undersigned before purchasing your ticket to 
St. Louis. We will ticket you via any route you 
may desire, give you the very best service ob- 
tainable and quote you the special rates now in 
effect to Eastern points. ^ 



B. H. TRUMBUI^I^. Comm*«*cial A.tft«, 143THira St., Portland, 0<*«. 
J. C. I^INDSKY, Trav. r. <Bk P. A.., 143 THira St., Portland, Or*. 
PAUI^ B. THOMPSON, r. d^ P. A.., Colman Block, Soattlo, IXrasH. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 

LIFE 
INSURANCE 



Y^UY clid all the best life insurance companies in the United States 
imitate the features in the policies of the Massachusetts 
Mutual Life Insurance Company? 

Y^|-|Y ^ ^^ Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance GDmpany, after 
the strictest investigation^ considered the safest life insurance 
company in the world? 

Y^|-|Y ^^^ ^^ Massachusetts Mutual pay annual dividends in 
preference to any other time for dividend payments? 

T^|i^[^|^^ are dozens of other similar questions you ought to be able; 
answer intelligently before you take life insurance* 

JT^ is to your interests to let us help you answer them. 
PJI I out the blank below and send it to us today. 



-- OUT MERE ,. 

H. G. COLTON, Pacific Coast Manager 

Mossadmsetts Mutual Life bis. Co. 

Portland, Ore. 

Dear Sir: 

Without committing myself to any action whatever you may send me free 
information regarding the questions in the Pacific Monthly relating to life insurance. 



Name 

Address 

Age ,, Date of birth Occupation. 



Don't forget fo mention The I^acific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It wilt be appreciated.* 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



^^t^^^^^^^M^^^^^^^^^j^t^^^^ 



Tke Best Tkougkt of tke Ckurcli 



**Cbe £mm eclectic" 

THE MONTHLY MAGAZINE 
o' th€ EPISCOPAL CHURCH 

The Rev. Arthur Lowndes, D. D., Editor 

"Gives under the present Editorship the best 
^ thought and the matured scholarship of the Church." 
— The Right Rev. A. N LittUjohn, D. D., LL. 
D., Bishop of Long Isiand. 



Two DoUan a Year 



Editorial Rooms. % Fifth Ave. - New York. N. Y. 

Edwin S.Gorham. Publisher.285 Founh Ave.. New York 

Subscriptions begin at any time. 

Send Ten Cents for a Sample Copy 



POST 

OFFICE 

RECEIPTS 



Will be cheerfully fur- 
nished those who 
desire to verify the 
circulation of the 
Pacific Monthly. No 
better proof of circu- 
lation is possible. 



DIAMONDS 



WATCHES, JEWELRY, CLOCKS, CUT 
GLASS, HAND-PAINTED CHINA, ETC. 



All inquiries cheerfully answered. 



The G. Heitkemper Co. 

2ft MonteM Street. Portland. Ore. 



Send lOo for one year's aobMriptlon to 
"American BtoHm," the beat monthly 
mafcazine published, and we will aeaa 
• yon iuimplm of 100 other magazinea, all 
different. 

Awtrlcan Storitt, Itptl. U Jm* liH«» ^^' 

lo men in each State to travel, 
tack signs & distribute samples 
and circulars ofotir goods. Salary 
$60 per month, $3 per day for ex- 
KUHLMAN CO., Otpt. B. Atlas Block, Chicafo. 



PREE! 



WANTED 



HREGON BLOOD PURIFIER 
f\iCNEY& LIVER REGULATOR 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with adTcrtiaers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




Meascoijers. Express Wagons at feasonable 
rates. Baggage checked* 

**Jotktktk^ os& tHm Spot*' 
Telephone Main 53 

Office 93 Sixth St.. near Stark Portland, Ore. 

JCFP W. HAYES, Supt. 



Thompson of Scranton 




Hundreds of ambitioas persons 

are making money under my direction 
raising Ginseng. I sell the true American 
Ginseng, roots and seeds and guarantee 
them. I can show you how, on a very 
small investment, under my direction, 
you can make more money than you ever 
did before. Ginseng can be grown any 
where; no speculation. 

If vou are interested in the Ginseng Industry, 
I will send you, free, complete information as to 
my methods of successful Ginseng-raising. Write 
me today. 

ARTHUR C. THOIMPSON, 

Dapt. 20, Thampton BIdg. Scrantan, Pa. 

Thompson always wants a few more orients. 



\ Next Stop: Salt Lake City \ 

THE KENYON 


1 SALT LAKE OTY'S LEADING HOTEL | 

t DON H. PORTER \ 

LARGE, SUPERB AND INCOMPARABI^E \ 

J Three Hundred and Two Rooms Three Hundred and Two Phones \ 




EUROPEAN and AMERICAN 

$1 and Upwards $2.50 to $4.00 


: 


TWO BLOCKS FROM TEMPLE SQUARE 
AND MORMON INTERESTS. Excellent 
Cu isi ne . Local and Long Distance Phone in every room 









Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




ST. PAUL 
BONNEAPOLIS 

CHICAGO 

WASHINGTON 

NEW YORK 

BOSTON 

SPOKANE 

. BUTTE 

HELENA 

OMAHA 

KANSAS QTY 

ST. LOUIS 




The Pioneer Dining 

Car Route and 

Yellowstone 

Parle Line 



' TickeU sold to aU pointo 
in the United States, Canada 
and-Sorope. ' 



T«l«phona Main 244 



For detailed information, 
ticketa, sleeping car reterra- 
tiona, call on or write 

A. D. Charlton 

ASSISTANT 6ENERAL 
PASSENGER 
. A6ENT 




255 Morrison St., cor. Third, PORTLAND, OREGON 



CALIFORNIA 



Go 



:VIA THE: 



Beautiful Shasta Route 

ELEGANT VESTIBULE TRAINS leave Portland daily at 8:30 A. M. and 
8:30 P. M. for the Land of Fruits, Flowers and Eternal Sunshine. 

Fare, Portland to Los Aqgelet 
and Return, $55.00, Bnited to 
90 days from date of sale 



THE BEST OF EVERYTHING: 



For beautifully illustrated booklets describing this delightful trip address 

W. £. COMAN, c«». Paw. Agent uiws in Oregon Portland, Oregon 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEETISINQ SECTION. 




ST. LOUIS 22lMi!!2 $67.50 
CHICAGO 22d_R£h- $72.50 



STOP-OVERS 
ALLOWED 



2 



OCTOBER 
3d, 4th, 5th 



GOOD 90 
DAYS 



OVfM-AND TRAINS DAILY 

THE f LYER 
THE FAST MAIL 



SplcmUd Service lJ|»-to-Date 

CMirteoui Emufttyes 



2 



Payliflit Trip Across Ihe Cascades and Rocky Mountains 



For tickets, rates, folders and full 
InforttiatlQh, CaII qn or aJdrrsft^ 

tf. DICKSON, Gty Ticket Asent, 

1 22 Third $L, Foi^tland, Or«. 
S. G. YERKES. G. W. P. A., 

612 Firat Avenuep Seattle, Weak, 




Varicocele 
Hydrocele 

Cured to Stay Cured in 5 days. No 

Cutting or Pain. Guaranteed 

Cure or Money Refunded. 

T O" I'-iH" *-■*-* |-fi|iidJ]r diiiH|i|M?iin}. Pftin DCMi^i4i nliDnHt 
] n-itJinll r. Thi> PtJii;ii.^Dt nliK^d Id drli^fn tnytsi ihv d WaU^d Vf-iin« 
narl ilH t9^^ri<Di.An iLnd Hwi'lllni; fiiib«Mt^. E^UD' Indfrattcin of 
Var)i:r»eE.-lt? fraalrhi^ and in ks si end cooi'i'a tha pit^Ptirti tiF iM^r^ 
ft^'vt iif'-AHh. 'in.&ny uk'iitm'til^ hv*!- tr^vK, ajrlgiuiit\ng tram ittlier 



H. J. TILLOTSON, M. D. 

Tht Matttr Specialltt of Chicago, who Curat Varl- 

cocala, Hydrocola, and traatt patlantt partonally. 

Ettabllthad 1880. 

(Copyrightbd) 



^lfU€iivic<N. FiiT luAtjLDrH', lnDDJiii^TubU^ blrmd and ncrTaundifr(*{]M«w 
r^>*iult fMt'fti ptpL^riDi'iLfii tatititA ]ti thii H^'-at^am. Ynrlcoc«tle And 
FjHlirtiri'li*. If rii?Bh"Ct**^, wilt iiindcrniiui* physical Atri'tiBth, 
dt^fo'i^^ thi^ nirrttul fj^'utiUijit dt-tHtiuf thii tx^^frnuji HrptcuD, Bud 
n U i in [bt*'l J pr[>d ui-<* t-fm v\ i^:rf^■W.ii rt*ii 1 1 it. Ld t nutvl i ng 6 {tK'tuum fjf 
mi'ii 1 n]wA>H cuTT' tbi* I'RS'irr ua wc'IE um the eutuiiN fdesttrt* thai 
evi*rj iFprHfid ntCtc-tiid with tbtwmor nllSifti dijteoHCiswrltiqittfhitaf 
cAn I'xpljiiu my uicthfjd rnf cum, wlij,{?h in »nfii and pcrraanent. 
Mt romnqlLiiliim will mmT J'ow notUtna, nnd njjr chargtti for a, 
perfect core will be reasonable and not more than 70a will b^ w LUioK to r<A7 for th«i bcnt^tliM cnnTi<rnid. 

f*g%^ektt%f\f n§ €*tafd> ^ what yon want. I give a legal guarantee to cure or refund yoor money. What I hare 
v.lSlXailll.7 VI v.urfs done for others I can do for 70a. I can cure you at home. 

. impossible for 

will receive in 

auccessful. 



^nj-j-ju-nririjlnfu-ji ^AM^tff AMfial One personsl visit st my offloe is perferred, but if it is li 
L.OrreSpOnaen€e L-On? lOenCiai* you to call. write me your oondltlbn fully, and you wi 
plain enrelope a scientiflo and honest opinion of your case, free of charge. My home treatment is 
My books and lectures mailed free upon application. 

H. J. TILLOTSON, M. D., 280 Tiliotson BIdg., 84 DearbenRSL,^ CHICAGO 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertiaera. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



Homeseeker, 
Don't Blame Us 



When you visit Oregon, Washing- 
ton or Idaho in years to come and 
find some one owning a beautiful 
home and farm that might have been 
yours. It is not too late to learn 
about this wonderful section, where 
there are more openings than any- 
where else in the United States. Our 
new and handsomely illustrated 88- 
page book, ''Oregont Washmgtont 
idaho and Their Resources/' tells 
all about the three states. Four cents 
(to partially pay postage) will bring 
it to you. Write today. 



A. L. CRAIG 

General Passencer Agent, The Oreson 
Railroad & Navigation Co. 

PORTLAND, ORE. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION, 




MISSOURI PACIFIC 
^ RAILWAY ^ 



WORLD'S FAIR ROUTE 



From Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo 

To Kansas City, St. Louis, Memphis, ChicagG^^and 

ALL POINTS EAST 



Direct Line to Hot Springs, Arkansas. 
Service and Equipment second to none. 
Pullman Sleeping and Compartment Cars. 
Dining Cars, Meals a la Carte 



FOR DKTAILKD INFORMATION CALL ON OR ADDRKSS 



W. C. McBRIDE, Gen*l Agt, 124 Third St., Portland, Ore. 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEBTISING SECTION 



xNN>X- 



>--; 



ROPE 

BINDING TWINE 



If you have use for either for auy purpose, 
write for our latest catalogue. It contains 
many illustration** of ropes, twines, etc., and 
gives important information connected with 
the subject. Itcontains among other things, defi- 
nition of technical cordage terms, approximate 
weight and strength of Manilla rope, information 
about transmission of power, approximate 
weight of Manilla transmission rope, approxi- 
mate weight, length and strength of oil well 
drilling cabteSjapproximate weightand strength 
of sisal rope, etc*, etc. 



V 



% 



V 



^:. 



Portland 
Cordage Co. 



s 



\ 



Portland, 
Or«son 



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THE PACIFIC MOXTHLY— ADVERTISIXG SECTION. 




YOU MAY KICK 
YOURSELF 



If ycra QBea poor 

„ tap a leaky roof and 

want to "kick yooraelf." YOU CAN AVOID 



FOR all aorta of mUtakM. 

roofing material yon will reap a leaky 



IT in the flmt place by naing oar 

MASTIC ROOFING 

It ia the modem .flre-proof, guarantec^d roofing 
mannfactared by the ELATEBITE BOOF- 
INO CO. It is a Pacific Coast product that ia 
winning out wherever and whenever brought 
into competition with any roofing material 
on the market. Write for particcdara. 

The Elaterite Roofing Co. 

In amociation with The National Maatic Roof- 
ing Co.. of Edwardaville. 111. 

THE HAMILTON BLD6., PORTLAND, ORE. 

San Francisco, Los Angelea. 
Spokane and Seattle. 



Cafifornia Review 



AnPhistrated Magazine of CaBfo rma 

Over 100 paffes of Good Reading, 
with Beautiful Half-tones 



ONE DOLLAR A YEAR— TEN CENTS A COPY 

Sent by mail on receipt of price 



Don't miss it. 
Send to your friends. 



San Francisco Number— Cafifornia Review 

Agents Wanted ••The Greatest Ever'* 



H£NRY F. PERNAN, Publisher 

543 Clay St., San Francisco, Cal. 



Managers Wanted 

The Pacific Monthly wants a 
reliable^ energetic man or woman 
in each state in the Union to act as 
manager* 

None but those who can give 
high-class references need apply. 

None but those who are willing 
to work hard need apply. 

For the right man or woman the 
proposition is an exceptional one. 

Write for full particulars today. 

THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 



DAINTYI 



(Tissue Sichsts, loc each, i f^_ 

3 for 25c. t ' •*'" 

Chamois Eye-6 lass Citanert, ( p|!J 



15c, 2 for 25c. 
CLARA V. GARNETT. S36 CUvabu iMlmrtf. NHIud, On. 



FOR A DIME. 



Send ten cents to 
help pay postage 
and we will send 

100 sample copies of different Magazines and Nevrs- 

papers. 



PACIFIC ADVERTISING CO. 

120 Sutler St., San Francisco, Cal. 



Infants* Dress 

(like illustration) sent by mail, postage 
prepaid for 

55c 

Our new illustrated cata- 
logue contains hundreds 
of garments for infants, 
children and women 
It will be sent 
Freb. 

L MAQNIN & CO. 

918 Markft St. 



n Francisco, Calif, 




Portland, Oregon. 

Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVBETISING SECTION. 



McCLURE'S 
ABDOMINAL 
SANITARY 
BANDAGE 




USPMnM 

unqualified 
success for 
Obesity or 
Weakness off 
the Abdomen 



IIVESTKIITE 



Write for 
our circular 

Pat. July 25, 1899. ' or call at— 

THE McCLURE CO. 

417 Marquam BulMInf, PORTLAND, OREQON 



PcmH Wear Baggy Trousers 
or Shabby Clothes 



We Call For. Sponge. Press and Deliver one suH of 
your clothing each week, sew 
on buttons and sew up rips for 



\ 



1.00 A MONTH 



UNIQUE TAILORING CO. 

347 WASHINGTON STRCCT» rOMUAND. ORC 

Both Phones 



EVERY NA^OIVIAIM 

Is interested and should kno^ about the wonderful 
MARVEL WMrNnB Spray 
The new Vaginal Syringe. Injection and ruction. Best 
— safest— most convenient. It cleanses instantly. 




Ask jronr druggist for it. If he can aot supply the MARYEL. 
Accept no other but send st«»p for illustrated book— sealed. 
It givM full particulars a ad dlreotious laTsluable to ladies. 
MABTEL CO., 41 Park Row, RooBa.l4», N. T. 

Don't forget to nentie» Tbe Fteific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



We Went a 
Representative 

In every commimitj, to whom can be 
turned over each month expiring sub- 
acriptiong for renewal ; also to secure new 
subscriptions on a special plan which in- 
sures a big share of the magazine business 
wherever our propositions are presented. 
Magazine reading is on the increase. 
Where one magazine was subscribed for 
ten years ago, ^y^ are taken to-day. 
Hundreds and sometimes thousands of 
dollars are paid out annually in every 
community for new subscriptions, and in 
renewing old ones. The Pacific Monthly 
offers opportunity for getting this busi- 
ness. Our representatives renew from 
70 to 90 per cent, of subscriptions on the 
expiration lists furnished. Write to-day. 

IE. PACIFIC MONTHLY 

Portland, Oregon. 



FIRE! FIREII 

When that calamity comes you will think of 
Insurance. Will your "thinking about It" 
cone t»n late? Don't delay. Insurswiththe 

HOME INSURANCE CO. 

•f New York. The Great American Fire Insurance Co. 

Cagh CapltaL$3,000,000, Aggftg ovarii 8,OO8,M0 

All avaiUble for American Policy Holders. 



J. D. COLBMAN» General Agent 

iHn Til PMHh iNlMi 260 Stark St.. Portland, Ort. 



HATTERS AND FURNISHERS 

'fciT 

Buffum & Pendleton 

Sole Agents for 

KNOX HATS 
31 i Morrison St., Portland, Oregon 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



TliLi 

-Will be 
tbe la0t 



OPPORTUNITY 

For the readers of "Pacific Monthly" to secure a copy of the SPKCIAL 

LIMITED EDITION of The International Studio Series of 

WATER COLOR Reproductions of 

Notable Paintings oy Famous Artists 

before the advance in price which will shortly be made on remaining^ copies. This is a representative and 
beautiful series of Exact Facsimile Plates, issued in four portfolio sections, each containing^ i6 reproductions; 
is strictly limited and will not be reprinted in any form, and is supplied only in conjunction with 



The International Studio 

Monthly Mas:azine of the Arts and Crafts, 
a year of which will be included FREE. 



It is impossible to describe the Water Colors of the Magasinein a brief ad vertisemenL 
If you are interested, I shall be glad to send full particulars of this special offer on 
receipt of Coupon with your name and address. 



THE INTERNATIONAL STUDIO 

Tbe Bodley Head 
67 FIFTH AVENUE, NEV YORK 









y^^ 



y.^'fi 



\%cy^ ^»^-/ 



WARLIKE^SQRJTJNJJUSIC^^j. 

"Bie Graphophone 




Will reproduce for you the military 
music of Japan and Russia* It is the 
best and most popular talking machine 
made^and its capacity for entertainment 
is boundless* Write for Catalogue A* 

COLUMBIA PHONOGRAPH CO- 

t28 Seventh St*, Portland, Ore* [ 



mmmummmmaKli 



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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



Herri ng- Hall - 
Marvin Safe C2: 

Manufacturers of the 

Genuine Hafl's Safe & Lock 
Co.'s Safes 

and operating the 

LARGEST AND 
BEST EQUIPPED 
SAFE WORKS 
IN THE WORLD 



PORTLAND SAPE CO., Sole Agents 

70 Sixth Street, Portland, Ore. 





Leading Double Keyboard 



NEW AND SECOND-HAND 



TYPEWRITERS 



OF ALL MAKES 

SOLD, RENTED AND 
REPAIRED 

Platens, Supplies and Parts for All Machines 

Rubber Stamps, Notary Seals, Etc. 

sign Markers. Numbering Machines. Trade Checks. Check FVotectors. Etc. 

Steel Fire-Proof Safes, Letter Presses, Etc. 



Webster's Pencil Sharpener 

For 5w-honi and Office 




Never u-enrs out, S3.00 



THE EAY-SnOLES 




Leading Single Keyboard 



Typewriter and Office Desks, Chairs, Etc. 
Mimeographs, Helctographs and All Supplies. 
Shipping Books and Office Specialties. 
Ask for Catalogues. 

COAST AGENCY CO. 



231 STARK STREET 
PORTLAND, OREGON 




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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




El Principe 

e Gales 




KING of 
HAVANA CIGARS 




Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertiaers. It will be appreciated. 



HENRY 

Weinhard 



MANUFACTURER OP 

Fine Beers 

& Choice Malt 



Your Trade is Solicited 



Elastic Hose 

Cures Strains^ Sprains 
Enlarged Veins 




and weakness of 

joints, musdes 

or tendons 



-^ 



W rls I If I s . a .25 ; An k lets, SI .75 

Kne# dps, fl.7S Knee Hm«. IS 

Uavins, No. 2 to No, 4 R.OO 
h Hose from flour to No. 4. S2.S0 

AU our hose is stout silk gf the 
finest quality 



WOODARD, CLARKE & CO. 

Ath a. W*BKllV<STON STS . PORTLAND. Oft. 

*YtJu cATi deduct 25 c from your order for 
hose by enclosing this ad with it. 



Office 13th and Bumside. Telephone 72 

PORTLAND, OREGON 



The Scanilinavian imerican Bank 

ICATTLE. WASH. 

Capital Paid up •300,odo.Oo 
SUPtPLUft siQo.aoo.oo 

A. Ch II txvw. Prtti Ljent A . H - Siiel beri . V ke Pf«i '\ 

J. F. Une, Cisbier C«». R. Fisher, Ass t, C*iti1er 

Wm. ThaAnum, Aiit. Cashier 



?- 



-9 



POM'T ISE FAGCEID) 




S) If you like CL 



La Integridad 

OR 

El Sidelo 
CIGJ^ARS 

See that you get them 




All first-class Dealers Sell Them 

WITHOUT AN ARGUMENT 



ALLEN <& LE^VIS 



D I s IT :r 



B U T O R S 



6^ 



^ 




m 






INCREASING 200 per cent 

the Life of Shingles is simply One of many things we Guorontee for 

Avenarius Carbolineum 



Q It is Aie only efficient and practic^ mearu to prevent rot, 
dry rot and decay of wood above or below ground or water. 
It preserves wood for at leait 3 tunes its natural life, and we 
guarantee it wiU double the life of wood if properly applied. 

^ II will datroy chicbea lite and all Termin, Paint or <pray iKe inlcr- 
ior of your diickcn house witK Avenanui C^/boliDcum and you will 
litire hcallKicr chickcm aact more egg*. 

Q Write 111 tocl&y and we iKitl Ix glad to ikow ^ou conduHveEy that 
ATeauiiii CarboUaeum ii a taooey-tavcr from many itandpointi. 



AVENARIUS CAR- 
BOLINEUM Es itnqa«- 
tionably tKe best wood 
|>reserver in tb« world* 
H^ is the Only one trM 
and tested by sufSdent 
numb^- of year's ez*^ 
perieiK^, 



KEEP CUTTING 

Cut this ottt today and Send to tts 

Carbolineum Wood Preserving Co., 

164 Prom Street, Port Ian il Oregon: 
Ghntlkmmn: — [ am 111 te rested in AveuariTi* 
Carbolineuin, auil will you kiadly send mewilhottl 
cost, catalogues and patnphlels in reference to it. 



Name 



Address 




MACKINTOSHES 

RUBBER AND OILED CLOTHING 
HOSE BELTING PACKING 



Goodyear 
Rubber Co. 



R. H. Pease, prebidcnt 



PORTLAND^ OREGON 



A^Wt Have Movcd to Oua New BuiLmna'^A 
NOS. 61, 63, 65, 67 FOURTH ST., COR. PINC 




LJj^U /Za^y/^ ®*^^ Satisfaction of dealing 

Ulyn- yJTaClC with a high-grade firm- one of 

£^ g P established reputation whose 

\^rfCT^/^'ff/^fi name stands for something defi- 

k^aLlO/ ai^Ll^U nite and substantial— is a most 

^ ^^™^'™^^ ^^'^ ^^'^^ important consideration^ especial- 
ly in purchasing Tewelry, Diamonds and Art Goods. j» 



A. Sc (H. JHb^nlfnmw 



LEADING JEWELERS, OPTICIANS A 
SILVERSMITHS OF THE COAST 



COR. THIRD AND WASHINGTON STS.. PORTLAND, ORE. 



^ 



<^^ 



Gee? But 
its Oood 



THE VERDICT 
OF EVERYONE 
WHO USES 

DIAnONDW 



PfiAC 



•.Wtidhams&Coln: 

I Wholes. c»ie 

DrstribMtO'-=- 

Porttand- 

Ore. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY 



Edited by Wmiam Bittle W«Us 



The entire contents of this Maeazine are covered by the g^eneral copyright and articles must not be 

reprinted without special permission. Extracts from articles may be made provided 

proper credit is given THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



CONTENTS FOK NOVEMBER., 1904 

Cliicf TVlurl-wiid, Umatilla R.e0ervatioii, Oregon (Frontispiece) 

People— Places— TLingfl 259-266 

The Greatest Ship Elevator in the World Puzzle Picture 

Clearing Great Northern Track Sinrock Mary 

Smokeless Powder Japs en Voyage 

Buildings Lewis and Clark Exposition Senator Ankeny 

Forestry Building Illustrations from Photographs 

Making Decency Pay ..... Jules Eckhart Goodman 267 

The Story ai New Coney Island. Illustrated 

Tlie Better Way (Skort Story) . Edna A. Needles 273 

Octol>er anJ Mt. HooJ (Poem) Charles Erskine Scott Wood 276 

Illustrated by Merle Johnson 

Tke Hermitage ' .... 277 

The Home of President Jackson. Illustrated from 
Photographs and Paintings 

Tke Pick of tke Litter (Skort Story) Egbert Field 280 

Americas Greatest Irrigation Enterprise E. G. Adams 281 

Illustrated 

Ospow^ak^s Good Medicine (Skort Story) Benjamin Franklin Napheys 288 

Oystering on tke Pacific Coast M. H. Tabor 291 

Illustrated 

Tke Potter's Vessel (Skort Story) Aloysius CoU 294 

DEPARTMENTS 

Views (Editorial) William Bittle WeUs 297 

Actions (Replacing old department, Tke Montk) .... 298 

Devoted to the world's most important activities 

Impressions . . . " . . . Charles Erskine Scott Wood 302 

Optimism (New Department) ....... 304 

Literature (Replacing old department^Tke Reader) W. F. G. Thacher 305 

Ligkt (New Department) Albert E. Vert 307 

Progress 308 

Devoted to the growth and development of the West 

Humor (Replacing old department, Tke Ligkter Side) 312 



TBRMS.— $1.00 a year in advance ; 10 cents a copy. Subscribers should remit to us in P. O. or express , 
money orders, or in bank checks, drafls or registered letters. 

CHANGBS OP ADDRESS.— When a change of address is ordered, both the new and the old address 
must be given, and hotices sent three weeks before the change is desired. 

WHO IS AUTHORIZED TO TAKE SUBSCRIPTIONS.-All booksellers and postmasters are authorized 
to receive subscriptions for The Pacific Monthly. In addition to these, the magazine is securing 
representatives in every city on the Pacific Coast, and these and our regular traveling representa- 
tives are authorized to solicit subscriptions. 

MEN^ AND WOMEN WANTED.— We are looking for a number of enthusiastic and energetic men and 
women to represent the magazine. Our proposition is unusually attractive. Write for it to-day. 

CORRESPONDENCE should always be addressed to The Pacific Monthly, Chamber of Commerce Build- 
ing, Portland, Oregon, and not to individual members of the firm. 



0HA8. £. LADD. President 

J. THORBUBN ROSS, Vice Preaident 

AliBX SWEEK. Secretary 

WILLIAM BITTLE WELLS. Manager 

OEO. M. OAOE, AMlstant Manager 



The Pacific Monthly Publishing Co. 

Chamber of Cofflmerce Buildlns Portland, Oregon 



Copyright, 1904, by William Bittle Wells 
Entered at the Postoffice of Portland, Oregon, as second-class matter. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



Special attention given to Collections 



LADD <ft TILTON 

Transact a General Banking Business 




Portland, Oregon 



A. L. MILLS Predideni 

J. W. NEWKIRK Cashier 



W. C. ALVORD Assistant Cashier 

B. F. STEVENS 2nd A ssistant Cashier 



First National Bank 

OF PORTLAND, OREGON 



Oldest National Bank on the Pacific Coast 



Capital $ 500,000.00 

Surplus 900,000.00 

Deposits 8,250,000.00 



Designated Depository and Financial Agent 
United States 



CORNER FIRST AND WASHINGTON STREETS 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 




^HOTO HV J. W TOILMAN 



T& PORTLAND 

H. C. BOWERS, Manager 



The Leading Hotel of the Pacific Northwest. 
Portland, Oregon. 

AmericaA Plan S3 a dasr tKp'wards 

Headquarters for Tourists anJ Commercial Travelers 



J. O. A INS WORTH, President 
W. B. Ater, Vice President 



R. W. HcHMRER. Cashier 
A. M. Wright, AjsHt. Cashier 



Ihe United States National Bank 



Capital, $300,000 Surplus and Profit, $100,000 Deposits, $2,600,000 
WANTS GOOD BUSINESS UPON SUBSTANTIAL ASSETS 



Gives personal attention to the needs 
and requirements of every account 



;{ca»»»»»»»»»»»»:e»»xe»»»»»»»3! 




C. F. Adahb. President 

R. G. JuBiTZ, Secretary 



L. A. Lkwis, 1st Vice Prenident 

A. L. M1LL8, 2nd Vice President 



Security Savings ^ Crust Company 

266 Morrison Street, Portland, Oregon 



Interest Paid on Savings Ac- 
counts and on Time Certificates 
of Cteposit. 

Directors— C. A. Doiph. L. A. Lewis. 
Joseph Simon, A. L. Mills. C. F. Adams, 
J. N. Teal, James F. Failing. 



Statement of eondltlon, 3une 30, 1904 

LIABILITIES 



RESOURCES 

Loans $1,831,838.00 

Bonds 886.154.91 

Cash and due 
from correspondents 735.230.61 

Real Estate 1.784.5 6 

$3,455,008.08 



Capital $ 250.000.00 

Surplus and 
undivided profits... 100.243.19 

Premiums 9.671.12 

Deposits 3.095.093.77 

$3,455,008.08 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealinR with advertisers. It will be apprcci^ed. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEETISING SECTION. 




"Bie Blue Mountain Sanatorium 

For the Core of Tnbercnlosis 

IT is mistake to think that a warm climate is beneficial in Tuberculosis. On the contrary, the further 
north you can go, the sooner you can get well. Sanatoria in Norway, Canada and the Adirondacks 
give 82 per cent, of cures againnt 25 per cent, of cases in Arizona and California. 
Eastern Oregon has one of the finest climates in the woild for the cure of the disease. Its ad- 
vantages are: 

A MIMIMUM OF RAINFALL A LOW HUMIDITY 

A MAXIMUM OF SUNSHINE FREEDOM FROM COLD WINDS 

THB BLUB MOUNTAIN SANATORIUM is located in the heart of the Blue MounUins, 3omUes 
east of Pendleton. It is a delightful location. In addition to the general advantages of the country, it 
has the further distinction of entire freedom from fogs and mosquitoes. 

Tuberculosis is one of the most curable of diseases if treated promptly and properly. Neglected, it 
is one of the most deadly scourges of mankind. 

Don't be deluded with the idea that you can be cured at home. Not one per cent, succeed in obtain- 
ing a home cure, and the time when a cure can be obtained is lost— wasted. Sanatorium treatment is the 
ideal and only successful treatment for the disease. 

Patients at the Blue Mountain Sanatorium have the additional advantage of receiving 

DR. BINGHAM'S INHIBITORY SS^RUM 

This serum is harmless, non-irritating and is a positive remedy. It promptly arrests the progress 
of the disease, stops the fever, cough and expectoration, stimulates the appetite, and is "half the battle" — 
both in regard to time and expense— in getting well. 

In all institutions for the treatment of Tuberculosis, great reliance is placed on bathing. This is 
oneof the special features at the Blue Mountain. The baths are supplied with water from natural hot 
sulphur springs, and exert a powerful curative influence. 

Rates $75 and $50 per month. This includes medical attendance, nursing, board, tents and covers. 

Patients who cannot afford these rates can camp on the grounds and will receive the treatment, 
baths, etc., for $5 00 per week. 

For further information address THB BLUB MOUNTAIN SANATORIUM FOR THB TRBATMBNT 
OF TUBBRCULOSIS, or to the proprietor, 



DR.. J. E. BINGHAM, Walla Walla, Wash. 



Don't forget to mention The Pacific Monthly when dealing with advertisers. It will be appreciated. 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



Hill Military 
Academy 

Portland, Orejcon 

Boarding and Day School for boys 
and young men 

The success and high standing of many hundreds 
of Dr. Hill's former pupils and graduates during the 
last 24 years indicate the merit of his methods. 

Manual Training, Classical, College and Business 
Courses. For catalogue, address 

DR. J. W. HILL, Principal 




Behnke -Walker 
Business College 

Stearns Block, PoHland, Or. 

We assist our graduates in finding positions as 
well as giving them the necessary qualifications. 
Special inducements to enroll now. Send for 
catalogce. Phone Main 590. 



H. W. Bebnkc, Pres. 
I. M. Walker. SM:*y. 



Portjand Acadertrj^ 

The sixteenth year will open September 19, 1904. 

The Academy proper fits boys and girls for college. 

A primary and grammar school receives boys and 
girls as early as the age of 6, and fits them for the 
Academy. 

A gymnasium in charge of a skilled director is on 
the Academy grounds. 

The Academy opened it September, 1902, a board- 
ing hall for girls. The hall is at 191 Kleventh street, 
and is under the immediate supervision of Miss 
Colina Campbell. 

For Catalogue or further information, address 

Portland Academy, Portland, Ore. 




No Longer Any Excuse for Dandruff, ^^ 

Falling Hair or Baldness. 9 

Free Hair Grewer. S 

A trial package of a new and wonderfal remedy ^^ 

mailed free to convince people It actually ^towb hair. ^V 

stops hair falling out, removes dandrulT and quickly ^^ 

restores luxuriant growth to shining scalps, eye- ^B 

brows and eyelashes and restores, toe hair to ito ^r 

natural color. Sendyour name and address to the ^^ 

Altenhelm Medical Dispensary, 2216 Foso BuUdlng, ^ 

Cincinnati, Ohio, for a Free txial packaffe, endoaing ^^ 

a 2-cent stamp to cover postage, write to-day. ^p 



Walton College of Expressiorr 

SPOKANE, WASHINGTON 

If Complete courses in Law, Oratory, Dramatic 
Action, Elocution, Voice, Eye, Chest, Memory, 
and Physical Culture. Graduates receive de- 
grees of Bachelor of Expression and Master of 
Expression. Send for Catalogue. 

notice to Writers 

THE PACIFIC MONTHLY is in the field especially for 
material for People-Places-Things, Short Love Stories, 
and articles with good, clear photographs. If you know 
of anything interesting, send it to us. 

THE PACIflC MONTHLY, Portland, Ore. 



Botel Driard 



Victoria's elegant Tourist and Commercial Hotel. Under 
new and prrgressive management and replete with modem 
equipment. Convenient to parliament buildings, shopping 
district and places of amusement. American and European plans. C. A. Harrison, Prop. 



SIAHMER? 

"IxrE ARB CURED; let us cure you. No TIME-BEATING. The Science of Speech for Stammerers, with close, 
** individual attention. Among our indorscrs: Hon. M. P. Snyder, Mayor; Hon. J. A. Forshay, Supt. City 
Schools. Send for "Speech Blemishes and Impedimentn." 

NATIONAL SPEECH ACADEMY, 1028D East 28th St., Los Angeles, Calif. 



THK PACIFIC MONTHLY— AD VEETISING SECTION. 




jl Most Modem and Up-to-Date EUROPEAN PLAN 

Hotel in Spokane R^tes $1 and up. Eleg:ant 
Rooms single or en suite cafe in connection 

with private bath 



IDotel Dictotia 

Wm. WATSON, Propr. 



I '^Tomre?iL?M«'" Spokane, Wash. 



THE SARATOGA HOTEL CO. 

EUROPEAN PLAN CALDWELL, IDAHO R. v. SEBREE. Mgr. 

Open to the public March 1 3th Hot and cold water in every room 



THE KLOEBER. 

Hotel and Sanitarium ^ Green River Hot Springs 



Most Perfe<ftly Appointed Health and Pleasure Resort in the West» 

HE development of '*THE KLOEBER'' has reached a decree 
> of excellency that places it superior to any place of the kkid in 
the West and amongfst the leading: health resorts of the world* 
Steam heated and electric lig^hted throug^hout, with all the 
approved appointments of a modern institution^ it is an ideal place for those 
desiring: either restt the restoration of health and strengfth or merely pleasure* 
The waters are famous for their medicinal qualities* On main line of N. P. 
Ry* 63 miles from Seattle and Tacoma* ^ For further information address 

J. S. KLOEBER, M. D. Green River Hot Springs, Wash. 




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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVEKTISING SECTION. 



* 


> -'1 

1 

i 
i 

. - i 

1 


^be X^acoma 

TACOMA, WASHINGTON 

Headquarters for Tourists and Commercial Travelers 

Tine Sample Rootni 

AMERICAN Plan S3 CO per day upwards 
W. B. BLACKWELL. Manager 




^ 


B^~^^ 




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THE PACIFIC MONTHLY— ADVERTISING SECTION. 



FIRE BRICK 



Our Brands are of perfect mechanical con- 
struction, made under the supervision of ex- 
perts from the best raw material. We carry 
large stocks in closed warehouses, always 
insuring prompt delivery of Dry Bricks. 



T. S. McRatk ^ Co. 

Importers and Elxporters 



Ainsworth Building, Portland, Oregon, U. S. A. 

GMTcspondence Solicited 



W^ILLAMETTE 

IRON 8fSTEEL NA/ORKS 



Logging Engines 
Hoisting Engines 
Electric Hoists 
Belted Hoists 
Hand Power Hoists 
Derrick irons 




WK MAKE A SPKGIALTY OP 

CONTRACTORS' 
f, MACHINERY 



From our large pattern stock we can 
arrange to meet any condition you re- 
quire. 



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Chief Whirlwind, of the Umatilla, Oresron, Indians, now in his 79th year. A cousin of Chief Joseph, of 
the JXez Forces tribe. Has served as scout, gruide, interpreter and enlisted soldier undex Col- 
onel Olney, Major Wright, Captain Evan Miles and Qen. 0. 0. Howard. 




Volume XII 



NOVEMBER, 1904 



Numl>er 5 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS 



Greatest Sliip Elevator in tke World. 

A SHIP elevator is a decided 
novelty in this country, and 
the first one of the kind to 
be built on the American 
continent has recently been 
completed and put in service at Peter- 
borough, Ont. 
It is technic- 
a 1 1 y known 
as h Hydrau- 
lic Lift Lock, 
and it per- 
forms ^vith 
one movement 
the functions 
of five ordi- 
nary locks 
which w^id* 
be required to 
overcome the 
fall of 65 feet 
in canal level 
at this point. 
As a work of 
e n g i neering 
initiative and 
skill it is un- 
surpassed by 
anything ac- 



complished in recent years, and Canadians 
feel a just pride in their achievement. 

The Peterborough Lift Lock is the out- 
standing feature of the Trent Waterway, 
now in course of construction by the 
Canadian Government. But little is known 
in the United States regarding this 




PUZZLE PICTTTEE. 

A scene in Siberia. A year's subscription to The Pacific Monthly 

wiU be given to the one sending the first correct 

guess as to what this picture represents. 



260 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




A saotioB of traok on the Great Vorthem Bail- 
way near Seattle that haa taken as hich as 
1800,000 a jear to keep in oondition. The 
difioolty ii heiny oreroome hj the lue of hj- 
draolio mining lyttem. 

scheme for connecting I^ke Huron with 
Lake Ontario by a navigable waterway 



that will afford a short cut for grain from 
the Northwest to tide-water, and prob- 
ably few outside of Canada are aware of 
this dangerous rival to the Erie Canal 
that is now almost finished and will be in 
full operation long before the enlarged 
Erie Canal will be in position to meet its 
new and unlooked-for competition. 

At Midland, Ont., the northern termi- 
nus of the Trent Waterway (it would be 
a misnomer to call it Canal) there is a 
splendid harbor. Between this point and 
the town of Trenton, on Lake Ontario, 
there lie a dozen or more large bodies of 
navigable water, known as the Kawartha 
Jjakes, joined continuously by rivers also 
navigable to a great extent; so that of 
the 200 miles covered by this route but 
20 miles required canalization. As stated 
above, all but three miles have been fin- 
ished, but these unfinished portions are at 
either end. The waterway in its present 
uncompleted condition is an internal 
stretch of first-class navigation, hermetic- 
ally sealed at either end; useless from 
a national point of view, but affording 
some 250 miles of direct and lateral inland 
navigation for local use. It is believed 




View from the top of the rreat Feterboroofrh elevator. 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS. 



261 



that in two years time the entire project 
will be finished. In view of the small cost, 
it is surprising that the scheme was not 
consummated long ago. Up to the pres- 
ent time there have been expended less 
than five million dollars, and it is esti- 
mated that another five millions will be 
sufficient to finish the work. 

Peterborough's Lift Lock is a Cyclopean 
structure of concrete and steel. It is the 
largest of its kind in the world. England, 
France and Belgium each have a small 
lock worked on the lift or "elevator" 



were 120,000 yards of excavation required 
for the pit, and the sub-structure, con- 
taining 26,000 cubic yards of concrete, is 
said to be the largest monolithic mass ever 
put together. 

There are two steel basins or chambers 
working up and down between guiding 
towers 125 feet high from the bottom of 
the pit, which is 27 feet below the level 
of the water in the lower reaches. Over 
the central tower is the lockmaster's cabin, 
from which the operation is controlled. 
The basins measure 140 by 33 feet, and 




Th« Feterborouffh ship elevator, the luvest elevator of the kind in the world. Located at Peterborough, 

Ontario, Canada. 



principle, but the largest of these is not 
more than half the size of that at Peter- 
borough, which is designed to accommo- 
date 800-ton barges having a capacity of 
25,000 bushels of grain. Indeed, the whole 
waterway has been planned for this class 
of barge, there being a depth of 8 feet 
of water on the sills of all the locks. Work 
was begun in 1897 and completed in July 
of 1904. Some idea of its magnitude may 
be obtained when it is stated that there 



weigh about 400 tons each. When filled 
with water to a depth of 8 feet, they 
weigh 1700 tons. They are supported by 
heavy steel trusses, of the double canti- 
lever style, upon rams nearly 8 feet in 
diameter and weighing 120 tons each. 
These rams have a 65-foot stroke and work 
in two steel water-tight presses, one under 
each chamber. The foundations for the 
presses are on solid rock in wells 70 feet 
deep. The two presses are connected by 



262 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




Sinrock Mary* the Reindeer Queen. 



a pipe 12 inches in diameter, and this con- 
nection enahles the two chamhers to work 
practically automatically; that is, when 
the valve connecting the two presses is 
opened the upper chamher, which has heen 
loaded down with 8 inches of extra water, 
giving it an increased weight of about 100 
tons, will descend and force the other 



chamber up to the higher level. This 
operation may, of course, be carried on 
without regard to whether there are boats 
in the chambers or otherwise, since it is 
a well-known scientific fact that any body 
floating in water always displaces its own 
weight. A chamber, therefore, containing 
one or half a dozen boats mav be raised 



PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS. 



2(33 



by the weight of the other chamber with 
the extra 8 inches of water. 

The total length of time required to 
make a lockage is about 12 minutes from 
the time that the gates are lowered at the 
bottom to allow the boat to enter until 
it leaves the chamber above. In making 
the actual ascent about three minutes are 
required. 

Sinrock Mary, tkc R.ein<leer Queen 

Charity and science have been combined 
by the officials of the United States gov- 
ernment in Alaska in an effort to prevent 
the starvation of tbe Alaska Esquim^o 
tribes by supplying them with herds of 
reindeer from across the seas. This work 
has now been going on for ten years, and 
there are upwards of 50,000 of those most 
useful domestic animals domiciled among 
the needy tribes of the far north. 

The reindeer is a delicate animal, and 
when the work of introducing them was 
begun it was found that the natives were 
not only ignorant of its habits and the care 
necessary for it, but were exceedingly 
averse to adopting it in the place of the 
dog, it being practically impossible to raise 
the two together. In order to prepare the 



■rfflPwrt 



Curios made from smokeless powder. Smokeless 
powder is made by only two miUs in America. 
A lighted match can be applied to it without 
danger. It bums slowly, as wax does, and can 
be used to kindle the kitchen fire. 




Japanese returning to Japan to enlist. 



264 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




PEOPLE— PLACES— THINGS. 



265 



natives for the care of the animals and at 
the same time to bring about their adop- 
tion, the government, after delivering 
the first herd on the Seward peninsula, 
offered to give a number of the animals 
to any native who would apprentice him- 
self to the keeper of the herd for a period 
of months and master the work of caring 
for them. 

The first native to offer himself for this 
work was Sinrock Charley, and with him 
he brought his wife, Sinrock Mary. Side 
by side they herded reindeer under the 
direction of the herders brought with the 
tribe from Iceland, and soon they became 
proficient in reindeer lore. . At the end of 
their apprenticeship they were presented 
with a herd of the animals to become their 
own property. 

With their own animals they were 
equally careful and frugal, and the herd 
increased rapidly until now it numbers 
nearly one thousand. Some four years 
ago Charley, the husband, died, and since 
that time his wife has assimied the work 
herself and, with the assistance of hired 
herders, has kept her herd in the best of 
condition, until it is now by far the largest 
owned by any native in the territory. 

Mary's home is at Sinrock, about 30 
miles from Nome. For several years, in 
fact ever since the discovery of gold at 
Nome, she has made much money each 
winter by hiring out her reindeer to pack- 
ers and prospectors for use in transporting 
goods and supplies from place to place 
during the long winter season. 

Waskington's Junior Senator 

The achievements of Levi Ankeny, the 
junior United States Senator from Wash- 
ington, afford a striking example of the 
opportunities which the Oregon country 
holds out to the young man of intelligence 
and untiring energy. Born in obscurity, 
left an orphan at an early age to be 
brought up by an adopted father, given 
but scanty educational advantages, thrown 
on his own resources in his early man- 
hood. Senator Ankeny has risen through 
the sheer force of indomitable perse- 
verance and strength of character to the 
position of one of the leading citizens of 
liis state. 

Senator Ankeny was born in St. Joseph, 
Mo., August 1st, sixty years ago. With 




Senatofr Levi Ankanj, of Wathinffton. 

Captain Ankeny, his adopted father, he 
crossed the plains to Portland in 1850, 
and for a few years spent a portion of his 
time in the Portland public schools. While 
in his teens, he engaged in the transporta- 
tion business with his adopted father, and 
later engaged in the mercantile business 
in Lewiston, Idaho. Still later he moved 
to Walla Walla, where he engaged in the 
banking business. The passing years have 
brought him a large measure of financial 
success. He has from time to time in- 
vested heavily in farm lands, mortgages, 
live stock and mining properties. He has 
also expanded his banking business and 
capital until he is now the president of 
seven banks in Washington and Idaho. 
He is variously estimated to be worth 
from $1,500,000 to $2,000,000, all of 
which he has accimiulated by his own 
efforts in the three states of the Pacific 
Northwest. 

Senator Ankeny was married in 1867 
to Miss Jennie Nesmith, the daughter of 
the late United States Senator James W. 
Nesmith of Oregon, and they have a 
family of grown children. 



266 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




MAKING DECENCY PAY 

A. Story of tke Reformation of Coney Islana 
By Jules Eckkart Goodman 



THE Coney Island of a few years 
ago will be reniemberefl as a 
jumble of old dilapidated 
shacks, thrown together in 
haste and negligence; dirty 
little shops, smelling of sausage and 
sauerkraut; low-class saloons of every 
variety; vulgar dance halls, reeking with 
the odors of stale beer and sweating 
humanity; a mass of *^fake'^ shows, with 
boisterous "spielers"; a perfect bedlam of 
fakirs and tricksters, the very quintessence 
of the crass and vulgar. It so happened 
that among the crowds that thronged the 
place there were some clear-headed busi- 
ness men, who felt the possibilities of 



the resort, and saw how miserably they 
were being abused. A city of over 
three millions within less than an hour's 
ride I A great pleasure-loving community 
simply waiting to be amused ! Here was 
opportunity fairly thrown at one's head. 
There was just one drawback — the place 
had a bad name. Before anything could 
be done, that had to be rectified. The 
only way to do this was to introduce forms 
of amusement which would appeal essen- 
tially to the clean-minded, to the great 
middle class. Thus decency became the 
watchword, and with as much doubt as 
delight was the progress of the work 
watched. 




Open air circus of "Dreamland" at Coney Island. 



268 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



The beginning was made early last year 
by Messrs. Dundy and Thompson, with 
their truly remarkable "Luna Park/' 
Early this spring. Providence, in the shape 
of a fire of rather goodly size, stepped in 
and aided in the good work by sweeping 
away a considerable portion of the old 
place. And, finally, this summer came 
"Dreamland.'^ The result is that where 
once was a disreputable, ramshackle mass 
of "resorts,^' there is now a sort of con- 
gress of amusements, of good character 
and real beauty. Canals have been dug, 
picturesque buildings erected, little gar- 
dens laid out and tiny villages constructed. 
Over it all have been spread thousands 
upon thousands, nay, millions, of electric 
lights. 

Such has been the metamorphosis of 
Coney Island, which stands forth as one 
of the best examples in the country of the 
commercial value of decency. 

Travel is the principle upon which most 
of the side shows are based. You may go 
anywhere from a trip to the moon to 
twenty thousand leagues under the sea. 



Tlie great white world is an open book 
and you can chat with Esquimaux at the 
North Pole; or, if your taste lay other- 
where, you may glide through the canals 
of Venice to the tinkling of guitars. Per- 
haps you would care to coast through 
Switzerland, or go upon an excursion down 
into a mine, or through the sewers of 
Paris, or down tropical rivers — it may all 
be done for a nominal sum. And be it 
said that in almost every case the jaunt 
is well worth the money paid. Some of 
the illusions are quite wonderful and must 
have cost thousands to produce. Indeed, 
it has been said that over five millions 
went into the producing of Luna Park and 
Dreamland alone. 

But to return to our jaunts. There are 
delightful Japanese tea gardens, where 
you can get genuine rice cakes and tea, 
served by the daintiest Japanese maidens. 
The Midgets, among whom is Mrs. Gen- 
eral Tom Thumb, have a village of their 
own. Or, if all this be too tame for you 
and you prefer history, you may witness 
again, with convincing realism, the Gal- 




Tha Fall of Pompeii Building. Clerks on the waj to their dutiei. Coney Island. 




The tower in "Dreamland" at nifht. Conej 



THE NEW CONEY ISLAND. 



271 



veston flood, or the Johnstown flood, or 
the fall of Pompeii, or the eruption of 
Mount Pelee, or the great Baltimore fire. 
Under the caption of "War Is Hell/^ you 
may see reproduced upon actual water and 
with toy boats large enough to hold a man 
such historic scenes as the battle between 
the Monitor and the Merrimac, the blow- 
ing up of the Maine in Havana harbor, 
and recent battles in the Japanese-Russian 
war. Perhaps the greatest side show of 
them all, or at least one of the greatest, 
is a very clever representation of the 
recent Durbar at Delhi. Here, for fifteen 
cents, you see a performance which is 



gines come, and the firemen begin their 
work. There are heroic rescues of men 
and women, there are thrilling escapes, 
and, above all, it is so real that you feel 
the excitement. The exhibition must 
require several hundred people, and its 
properties include two street cars, two or 
three cabs, delivery wagons and an im- 
mense amount of paraphernalia. 

One of the most remarkable things 
about Coney is the different kinds of loco- 
motion that it contains. There are boards 
in the sidewalks that jolt you when you 
step on them. There are wobbly bridges. 
There are Ferris wheels and merry-go- 




The Animal Pavilion, Coney Island. 



really quite remarkable, requiring several 
hundred men to produce, and which is 
thoroughly enjoyable. Allied to this in 
point of interest at least, is an exhibi- 
tion of firemen at work. A street scene, 
so realistic and convincing that you feel 
you are part of it, is shown. For nearly 
ten minutes you watch the passing of life 
and general daily activity. Then sud- 
denly in a paint shop there is an explo- 
sion, followed by a sheet of flames, and 
the next miuute the whole block is a mass 
of fire. The alarm is turned in, the en- 



rounds and elevators by the dozen. There 
is one combination of an elevator and 
merry-go-round that is unique, and 
another aerial merry-go-round with bas- 
kets that swing out to an angle of thirty- 
five degrees, giving you the sensation of 
flying. There are scenic railways of 
divers sorts, and miniature railways with 
vest-pocket editions of engines. There are 
chutes and slides and jolly-go-rounds and 
helter-skelters. There are steeple chases 
and boats with the motion of the sea. 
There are slides and jams and jars and 



272 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



jerks. After you have gone the rounds, 
you know exactly where every joint and 
muscle of your body is situated. 

And then the dance halls, with their 
highly polished floors, where Bill swings 
Maggie in a polka to a waltz movement, 
and tries to waltz a two-step! And the 
noise of the "spielers" and the venders of 
peanuts and popcorn and souvenirs ! You 
<?an have Jenny's name embroidered on a 
handkerchief, or you can be aristocratic 
and present her with a filigree, silver- 
Avire butterfly made to order. You can 
buy candy in the semblance of sausage 
and potatoes, or have your "photo taken 
in one minute" in a thousand different 
ways. You can sit and watch out-of-door 
vaudeville shows free of charge — excel- 
lent vaudeville at that — or you can go to 
several good animal shows, including 
Bostock^s. If you are fond of speculation 
there are those who will guess your weight, 
or read your hand, or tell your fortune 
or your name. You can test your lung 
power and your muscle power by contri- 
vances of many kinds and great novelty. 



At the same time you can simply sit 
and watch the crowds. The streets are 
full of color. Arabs, Chinese, Esqui- 
maux, Turks, Japanese and Lilliputians 
amble their way through the throng. 
Here and there is a camel or an elephant, 
with perhaps a caged tiger upon his back. 
Above all, there are everywhere dozens on 
dozens of brass bands, and the music 
thereof is wierd. Not since the days of 
the Tower of Babel has there been such 
a conglomeration of sounds as is to be 
heard at Coney Island to-day. 

And so Coney Island is fast coming 
into its own. It has not yet reached its 
climax, and every year will see an im- 
provement. So far as respectability goes, 
it has made wondrous strides. But two 
years is a very short time, and that so 
much has been accomplished speaks vol- 
umes for the men who have done it. No 
one can afford now to come to New York 
in the summer and not go to Coney. It 
is one of "the sights" — one of the big 
sights. 




The Chutes, Coney IiUnd. 



THE BETTER WAY 

By EJna A. Needles 



IT WAS thoughtful of the folks 
not to come down to see us off/^ 
remarked Carleton. 
''Thoughtful of me, you mean, 
not to let them/^ laughed Doro- 
thy, taking off her gloves and leaning 
comfortably back against the ugly plush 
upholstery of the Pullman car. "After 
all, why should they want to see us off 
now, any more than the other times ?'' 

"Before,^^ he returned, looking at h* 
little bare hand with its bright new ring, 
*'you came away for the day. Now — ^^ 

"Now, I feel as if I should never come 
back,'' die said dreamily. 

The engine snorted, gave a convulsive 
jerk or two, and the train began moving 
out from the station. 

"Thank Heaven, we're off!'' ejaculated 
Carleton. "Just in the nick of time, too,'' 
he added, with a backward glance out of 
the window. "See ! There's Dr. Sargent 
come down to felicitate us." 

They caught a glimpse of a tall woman 
in black, waving frantically at the train as 
if to compel it to stop, then were whirled 
out into the open country, away from the 
smoke of the town — ^where the fields were 
green and there seemed no black in the 
blue of the sky. 

"She didn't look precisely congratula- 
tory, either," mused Carleton aloud. 

Dorothy gave a nervous little laugh. 

"That wasn't what she was after ! She 
came to take back something she had 
given me." 

"What! The spoons?" 

"Of course not." 

"What then?" 

"I'm afraid if I tell you, Henry, you'll 
make me give it up. Promise me you'll 
not." 

"Have I ever made you do anything 
against your will?" he asked reproach- 
fully. 

"No-o — ^but— " 

"Well, then?" 

"But promise, Henry, promise!" 

"Very, well, I promise." He smiled 
quizzically at the intensity of her tone. 

"Henry," she began suddenly, "did I 



ever tell you that I am horribly frightened 
every time I step on a train?" 

"Frightened!" he returned, incredu- 
lously, "you who have been all over 
Europe !" 

"Yes, I know," she replied, impatiently. 
"They say it is only inexperienced trav- 
elers who are nervous. But that's a 
mistake. It seems to me the more one 
travels the more one sees the danger of it. 
I have been in two terrible accidents. 
Once, half the train I was on went 
through an open bridge, and those of us 
who were saved had to stand by and know 
that down under the muddy waters scores 
of poor creatures were struggling — dying. 
As we stood there, one man — ^think, 
Henry, only one — floated to the top, 
gasped, and went down again." 

"Poor darling!" said Carleton, ten- 
derly. "What pictures to carry with 
you!" 

"But the other accident was yet more 
frightful; there was a collision, and the 
trains took fire. Men and women were 
burnt under our very eyes. Those of us 
who were unhurt did all we could for the 
others — but it was so little! There was 
one poor woman pinned down under the 
seats — all but the upper part of her body. 
She had a little darling baby in her arms. 
I started to take him away, for the flames 
had almost reached her, but she said : 

" ^It's no use, he's dead. Leave him to 
me.' Oh, it was awful ! awful !" 

Carleton put his hand over hers for a 
second. 

"There," she went on, after a momen- 
tary pause, "I'll not tell you any more. 
I'll try not to think of it. But ever since 
then I have had the feeling that I should 
be in one more wreck, and that the third 
time I should not escape. Of course I 
know that it is a nervous fancy, but it 
scales me as much as if it were a real 
presentiment." 

"Why did you never tell me before?" 
he asked. "I never dreamed when we 
were going off on those little picnics of 
ours that you were suffering an agony of 
fear." 



274 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



^*I wasn't/' she returned quickly. "We 
never went far, and, anyway, I felt happy 
and safe in your love. I hegan to think 
1 should never he afraid again. It wasn't 
until yesterday, when I was trying on my 
wedding gown, that the old terror came 
back. Then the thought of the length of 
our wedding journey came over me, and 
of all that might happen before it was 
ended. I knew it was a childish, unrea- 
sonable terror, and I tried to think of 
some reasonable way of overcoming it. 
The thing I dread most is not death itself, 
if it be quick and easy, but a long martyr- 
dom, such as that poor woman suffered. 

"The thought came to me suddenly that 
if I had a little vial of poison to carry 
with me — something that would be 
instantaneous in its effects — ^then I could 
travel without fear." 

"I went to Dr. Sargent at once, and 
coaxed, and coaxed, and coaxed, until at 
last she let me have it. And now I feel 
as safe!" 

"She'd have done better to give you a 
nerve tonic," said Carleton warmly. 

"That's what she said," laughed Doro- 
thy ; "but I wouldn't have it. The idea ! 
Do I look as if I needed medicine?" 

Carleton looked at her with frankly 
adoring eyes. "You beautiful girl I" he 
breathed, noting as if for the first time 
the clean brightness of her hair and eyes, 
and the pure soft red of her lips and 
cheek. 

"T am glad you think me beautiful," she 
said, wistfully. "Of course I know I am 
only ordinarily pretty, but your thinking 
these other things shows me how much 
you care for me." 

" ^Je vous aime, je vous adore : que 
voulez vous encore?'" he quoted, lightly. 
"But I'd rather love you than adore you. 
To-dav, in your white gown and veil, and 
with that rapt look on your face, you were 
too lovely — I was afraid of you. I like 
you better as you are now — so human that 
you would kiss me if we were alone. 
AVouldn't you, sweetheart?" 

"Yes," she whispered, and though her 
color deepened, her brown eyes were raised 
unfalteringly to his. 

"Tell me about the place where we are 
goincr," she asked, after a little pause. 

"Up in the Sierras there is a little lake 
half covered over with yellow water-lilies. 
On it is a boat, and on the shore beside 
it a one-room cabin. All about is the 



forest with its delicate undergrowth of 
flowers and ferns, and in the distance are 
blue, snow-topped mountains. And the 
air — " 

"Oh, I know the air must be delicious ly 
cool and pure," interrupted Dorothy. *'] 
wish — oh, how I wish we were there !" 

"To-morrow at this time, we shall be/' 
replied Carleton. "It looks to me, how- 
ever, as if we were a little behind time/' 
he added, with a glance at his watch. "I 
believe I'll go back and see the conductor. 
We don't want to miss connections.'* 

"Don't be long," she said; "and, oh, 
Henry, before you go, put up the window 
for me." 

He did as she wished, and went away 
smiling at a certain babyish wisp of hair 
which the breeze from the window had 
blown down around her eyes. 

Five minutes later came the crash. 
Carleton was standing in the aisle of the 
end car, preparatory to going forward. 
He was thrown violently against the door. 

"Oh, God/' he groaned, "save Doro- 
thy !" 

Eecovering his footing, he wrenched 
open the door and sprang off the train. 

"Telescoped!" said a man beside him, 
but he did not answer. 

Ahead, he saw two broken engines and 
a heap of splintered cars, and from the 
wreck came such sounds as turned him 
faint. 

Somewhere in the din a little child was 
sobbing. "Mamma, mamma,'' it called, 
with recurrent pauses, as if to hear a 
reassuring voice. Carleton felt, dully, 
the certainty that the mother's voice 
would never again hush that helpless cry. 

It seemed to him, as it always does at 
such times, that ages passed before he 
reached the car he sought. It was stand- 
ing, and, outwardly, not badly injured: 
but from within came groans and shrieks 
that set Carleton to muttering, "God. 
God," as the child had cried, "Mamma." 
The same spirit of utter helplessness ani- 
mated both. 

As he reached the open window, the 
forward car burst into flames, and as he 
looked down into Dorothy's white face, 
they heard with terrible distinctness the 
words, "Shoot me, you cowards I" And 
at intervals, like a bullet, came the 
agonized cry, "Cowards! Cowards!" It 
came from a fireman wedged in against 
the boiler. 



THE BETTER WAY. 



275 



^TDorothy!" 

She looked up at him from the vise 
in which she was caught. The accident 
had come just as she had turned to look 
out of the open window, and all but her 
face and breast were held fast. 

Carleton began trying to tear apart the 
unyielding timber. 

"I'll save you, darling," he muttered 
between set teeth. 

"Don't, Henry," she entreateJ. "You 
can't do anvthing." 

"I'll get'^help, ril— " he was starting 
away ; but she called faintly, "Henry !" 

"Don't leave me,'^ she said. "There is 
so little time, and I have so much to say, 
I want you to know why I love you. It 
is because you are good. Oh, of course, 
I suppose I should have loved you any- 
way — but it seems to me I couldn't have 
cared so much — I couldn't have been so 
happy — and so proud of you I'' 

"God won't separate us always, I know. 
Wherever he takes me he will bring you. 
It is a little as if I were going to P^urope — 
without you.^' 

"Help ^^ill come," he uttered, in an 
agonized voice. 

"It will come too late," she replied 
sadly. "Don't you hear the flames? Just 
before they reach me you must give me 
the poison, Henry." 

"It is in my breast," she continued, a 
faint flush creeping into her face. "Please 
take it out." 

He put forth his hand, then drew it 
back. 

"Oh, I can't, I can't," he groaned, his 
face drawn and white. 

"My poor boy!" she sighed, an infinite 
tenderness breathing from her voice and 
eyes. "Oh, how hard, how much harder 
for you, than for me I" Then, after a 
pause, "Now, dear, you must!" 



He fumbled at the fastening of her 
gown. 

"I think you'll have to take off my rib- 
bon," she directed, then laughed at his 
clumsiness. 

He thrust his hand into the lace of 
her corsage. As he untied the narrow 
ribbon with awkward, trembling fingers, 
there came into the minds of both pure 
thoughts of the future which was never 
to be — a vision of the little children they 
had hoped for, as real at that moment as 
if they had lived. 

Dorothy sobbed and Carelton's features 
worked convulsively. "We're losing so 
much !" she murmured, brokenly, through 
her tears. 

At that moment the nearness of death 
was forgotten — but not for long. The 
flames which had been licking up every- 
thing in their path — solid unresisting 
woodwork and frail shrinking flesh — now 
burst upon them. 

Carleton broke the cord that held what 
he sought, and made as if to press the vial 
to her lips, but she motioned him away. 

"After you have given it to me," she 
said, "don't wait but a moment — only 
long enough to see I'm ^afe — then go 
help the others — there are so many, it 
would be wrong to stay. Xow !" 

Again he held the vial to her lips, and 
this time she drained it. The poison acted 
very quickly. 

Life fluttered a moment and was gone. 

The line, "In some brighter land, bid 
me good-morrow," flashed through Carle- 
ton's mind, almost as if she had spoken 
it, but then he remembered how long it 
would be before he should see her again, 
and, groaning, he turned away to help 
the "others" whose suffering she had 
escaped. 





J^ 




^^ 




October and Mt, Hood 

Pfopt on the azure pillars of tlie aJf 

The snow-peaked motmtaiji guards tlie tartfa, 

adrcam \ 

Bro^^m dryads muse above the bul?>kling itrejuHf 
And ruddy Maenads braid their g^fossy hair 
Wtth wax bcrrlei and Ferns, Now, every^^here 
Is glajnnury haze and smell of leaves and gleacn 
Of maples reid* Old earth herseU doth seon 
To sigh that summer ends* sweet as a pfayer* 
These are the Eden days, when every £fOve 
Of dim tales whispen^ and the fancy swings i 
In time to faery fluting* Close by the sprcttgi^ 
Are prints of satyrs' hoofs. I live above 
This fretful world, and led by wide^yed Love 
My soul floats out and dreams bnxnortal things* 

C. E. S- Wooi 



THE HERMITAGE 



Tke Grand Old Soutkem Home of President Jackson 



ABOUT seven miles from Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, is a grand old 
Southern estate, once the home 
of General Jackson, seventh 
President of the United States, 
and where he spent over forty years of 
his life. In 1799 General Jackson and 
his young wife moved to this plantation, 
naming it "The Hermitage." Their home 
was in a double log cabin, and was sur- 
rounded by numerous cabins for their ne- 
groes. Tn 1816 a modest brick house was 
built, and five years later, rebuilt into the 
mansion as it stands to-day. It was at 



that time the finest house in the county. 
There was also a well-kept garden, and 
the plantation had the reputation of being 
the best cultivated one in Western Ten- 
nessee. ^: 

Some years ago the State of Tennessee 
purchased the Hermitage from Andrew 
Jackson, the adopted son of General Jack- 
son. The state then gave the place into 
the care and keeping of a society of 
patriotic women, organized in 1889 and 
constituting themselves "The Ladies' Her- 
mitage Association," whose object it has 
been "to restore and save from decay and 




Front View of The Hermitage. 



27« 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




President Jackson, from a painting by Earle. 

niin the abode of him whose deeds and 
fame have given prestige to America, and 
shed glory upon its history." 



The estate consists of the mansion, a 
negro cabin, the tomb, and twenty-five 
acres of ground. 

The mansion is a fine specimen of co- 
lonial architecture, with its broad porches, 
great pillars, and large hospitable rooms. 
Leading to it from the road is an avenue 
bordered with trees forming a lofty and 
graceful arch overhead. 

The tomb is of white marble and was 
built at the time of Mrs. Jackson's death 
in 1828. The inscription on her tomb is 
a tribute of praise to her beauty of per- 
son, character and life. General Jackson 
was buried under this same marble dome, 
with the simple inscription, "Born March 
15, 1767. Died June 8, 1845.'' 

When the Ladies' Hermitage Associa- 
tion undertook the care of the estate, they 
found it in a condition of extreme dilap- 
idation. But through their efforts, the 
grounds have once more taken on their 
former beauty and neatness, and flowers 
are again blooming in the old-fashioned 
garden, ^luch has been done in the way 
of gathering relics, and many beautiful 
things belonging to, and used by. General 




The bedroom of The Hermitage, reproduced at the World's Fair. 



THE HERMITAGE. 



279 



Jackson have been restored to the Hermit- 
age. The fine old mahogany pieces, the 
carpets, curtains and various other things 
are restoring the mansion to the same vis- 
ible conditions as when the charming 
Rachel Jackson was mistress of it. 

There are several portraits of General 
Jackson in the Hermitage and two of ^Mrs. 
Jackson, by Earle, one of which always 
hung in her husband's bedroom. 

Tbe association will reproduce this bed- 
room at the World's Fair at St. Louis, 
using genuine Jackson furniture from the 
Hermitage. 

There still remains a fine collection of 
relics which the association hope some 
day to purchase from Colonel Jackson, 
son of the adopted son. The collection in- 
cludes personal articles of clothing and 
jewelry, the fine library of several hun- 
dred volumes, gifts from a host of ad- 
miring friends, and many other things, 
ail of which will add to the historic in- 
terest of the place. 




Mn. Jackion, from a paintinff by Earle. 




The Jackson carriajc. 



THE PICK OF THE LITTER 



By Egbert Field 



BOZE was cross. 
There was nothing unusual 
about that, however, because 
Boze was a bulldog, and had 
an innate tendency to be cross ; 
but on this particular day, as he sauntered 
down Dock street, his ill humor was due 
to a sore foot, which caused him to limp 
considerably. Sometimes the big brindle 
would pause and lift his foot aloft, and 
then during the few moments respite from 
the pain he would meditate, with as much 
pleasure as a bulldog is capable of experi- 
encing, on what happened to the other 
dog. And even though there was some 
satisfaction in the fact that his antagonist 
was "out of commission,^' it was, however, 
a source of regret to him that he allowed 
a smaller dog to get a leg hold. 

Boze had a contempt for fighting dogs, 
anyway, that is, trained fighters, and 
while he had clearly demonstrated that 
strength and grit could overpower science, 
still it had cost him a sore foot to prove 
his point. The brindle also consoled him- 
self that had he not lost most of his teeth 
(due to old age), the fight would not have 
lasted long enough to be interesting. The 
old dog was also thinking of other days; 
days when he was little and lived with his 
mother and numerous little brothers and 
sisters in a big dog-house, and he remem- 
bered hearing his master say there was 
only one puppy in the litter that looked 
like its father, and that he hoped the 
puppy would make a great fighter, and 
Boze knew he was being talked about. He 
also heard people use big words like "pedi- 
gree" and "Royal Kennels," and more talk 
that he did not understand. Then he 
remembered being sold and taken out to a 
big ranch where there were lots of cattle 
and horses, and he heard it said that he 
was to be a watch dog, whatever that 
meant. 

During his first year on the ranch he 
made it his business to chase away any 
stray ste^ or horse that wandered too 
near the house, and he became very expert 
in nipping the animals on the heel without 
getting kicked. 

The next trick he learned was to throw 
a steer by catching it by the nose and 
running under it, causing the animal to 
turn in the air and light on its back. He 
hurt one or two steers badly, and then he 



was punished and he learned that such 
rough treatment would be allowed only 
in cases of emergency. 

But dreams, and particularly day 
dreams, are liable to sudden termination, 
and Boze suddenly heard shouting and 
saw people running, and drivers were 
hurrying up side streets as if something 
terrible was going to happen. The dog 
forgot all about his former home ; his foot 
did not hurt now, and Boze also ran ; not 
with the crowd, who were trjring to get 
away from the trouble, but directly to 
the water front, from which the people 
seemed to be coming. There he found the 
dock in possession of a big red steer, that 
had broken away from the longshoremen 
who were loading a cattle ship. By this 
time every person who could do so had 
found a place of safety, although a few 
longshoremen were pretending to sur- 
round the steer, taking care, however, to 
keep at a safe distance. 

Boze had just made up his mind to take 
a hand in the affair, when the steer hap- 
pened to look his way, and, with lowered 
head and a wild bellow of rage, he charged 
the buUdog. 

The yell of an enraged steer may weU 
strike terror to the heart of man or beast, 
but if Boze felt any fear it was not mani- 
fest. The dog stood perfectly still until 
the steer was within a few feet of him, 
and as the steer made a final lunge, 
expecting to lift the dog on his horns, the 
brindle flattened himself on the dock ; but 
only for a moment, for as the steer^s 
horns grazed the dogs back, Boze leaped 
into the air and fastened on the steer's 
nose. Then with a quick movement he 
went between the front legs of the animal, 
and the steer was thrown through the air, 
coming down on his back, only to find the 
dog still holding so tightly that he was 
unable to get up. 

Boze knew that the men would come 
and tie the steer, now that the danger was 
over, and when he was told to let go he 
did so. But when some one*^aid "Nice 
^^S^' ^^d tried to pat him on the head, 
he growled and then heard the man call 
him a "dirty brute." 

Then he realized his foot was hurting 
again, and the old dog went limping down 
the street, wondering why his master ever 
moved to town. 



AMERICAS GREATEST IRRIGATION 

ENTERPRISE 



An account of tke largest ByBtem of irrigation in tke United States, ^wbick is to reclaim 
in Idako a section one-fourtk as large as tke State of Rkode Island. 

By E. G. Adams 



NLY in the 
last half of 
the last dec- 
ade has there 
come to be 
any th ing 
like a broad 
grasp of the 
industri al 
possibilit i e s 
o f Oregon, 
Washington 
and Idaho — the states which form the 
great right shoulder of Uncle Sam's 
heritage. Now, however, no particular 




foresight is required to foretell the indus- 
trial supremacy of the land drained by 
the mighty Columbia basin. Of the 
means which are to bring about this 
supremacy, irrigation is, perhaps, the 
most important. 

The whole Pacific Xorthwest is the 
scene of almost unparalleled irrigation 
projects. Southern Idaho, particularly 
along the old Snake Biver, is alive with 
activity in reclamation, both by govern- 
ment and private initiative. To reach one 
of the great enterprises which is to revo- 
lutionize this section, and which may 
almost be termed one of the wonders of 




"A canyon of wondrous beauty about thirty miles below Shoshone Falls. Idaho. The beetling, ba- 
saltic palisades rise a thousand feet from the blue waters below the canyon's rim, tinted and 
shaded with the colors of Vulcan's workship." 



282 



THE 1>ACIFIC MONTHLY. 




the world, the Oregon Short Line 
takes you to Shoshone, or Kima- 
ma, from which point a stage ride 
of twenty-five miles is necessary. 
A corporation, known as the Twin 
FalU Land and Water Power Com- 
pany, taking its title from the 
falls of rare beauty situated near 
this promised land, is now bring- 
ing to completion an enormous 
dam, whereby, if occasion should 
demand, the great Snake River at 
the lower stages of water can be 
diverted into two great parallel 
canals. The larger of these, on 
the south side of the river, is 80 
feet wide at the bottom and 124 
feet at the top, and deep enough to 
carry ten feet of water. 

The story of this great project, 
whereby 273,000 acres of land are 
to blossom with Xature's richest 
verdure, begins, as usual, with the 
pluck and faith of one man — Mr. 
T. B. Perrine. Something over 
twenty years ago Mr. Perrine dis- 
covered an oasis in this desert — 
a canyon of wondrous beauty about 
thirty miles below the noted Sho- 
shone Falls — and there he made 
his home. The beetling, basaltic 
palisades rise a thousand feet from 
the blue waters below to the can- 
von's rim, tinted and shaded with 
the colors of Vulcan's workshop. 
Over the edge of this canyon Mr. 
Perrine let do^Ti by ropes the 
wagon, lumber and tools ^vith 
which he began his conquest of 
Nature's barren rugs^edness. 

By faith he saw that the Snake 
would some day yield a marvelous 
water power and that its waters 
could be made to flow out over four 
hundred square miles of desert 
sage. For nine successive times 
he filed a water right, covering a 
period of over thirteen years, be- 
fore he found capital to put his 
plan into action. Mr. P. L. Kim- 
berly of Salt Lake was the man 
convinced. 

The point chosen for this dam 
is about twenty-three miles above 
Shoshone Falls, where the river 
has cut only about fifty feet below 
the level of the surrounding coun- 



AMERICA'S GREATEST IRRIGATION ENTERPRISE. 



283 




One side of the winff wall with ten of the gate 

framet erected in readineu for the 

waste gates. 

try. Here it is choked in its course by 
two basaltic islands, affording an ideal 
spot to stop this giant of the plains. The 
two dams at the right, as shown in the 
illustration, are now completed, work 
having been begun in April, 1903. They 
are 60 and 70 feet in height, and 150 feet 
broad at the base, with a 20-foot roadway 
across the top. The construction con- 
sists of loose rock, faced with 150 feet of 
earth. Running from bank to bank, 
through the middle, a wood core of dou- 
ble plank, starting from below bed-rock, 
serves to check the seepage of water, 
causing the rock crevices to fill with 
earth and make the dam water-tight. The 
great thickness of these dams, supported, 
as they are, by the two islands, makes 
them, beyond all possible question impreg- 
nable, even if the gr.eat government reser- 
voirs, which are to be built in the moun- 
tain valleys above, should give way. The 



The four gates in the north half of the tunnel, 

the middle pier, and one of the gates 

south of the pier are here shown. 

total length of the three dams is over one- 
fifth of a mile. To empty the main chan- 
nel of its terrific rush of water while the 
last dam was building, the island to the 
right was pierced a little below the bed of 
the right channel by four huge canals 
ten feet square and eighty feet long. Mas- 
sive steel gates regulate the flow at will. 
The cost of these subway canals and the 
electric power plant constructed some dis- 
tance below by which power was secured 
to operate the electric drills, shovels, der- 
ricks, cable ways, hoists, pumps, and elec- 
tric lights, has'^been over $100,000.00, and 
yet this great outlay has gone for no per- 
manent part of the finished work, which 
will require about two millions and a half. 
The surplus water, not needed for the 
great canals, is not to flow over the rim 
of the dams but over the top of the two 
islands, of which the intensely hard rock 
will wear away but slightly in a lifetime. 




The outlet ends of all of the eight compartments 
of the tunnel are here shown, completed. The 
ooffer dam in front wiU be removed when the 
tunnel is put into service. 



The most northerly compartment of the tunnel is 

here shown, looking up stream from the 

lower end. This is the shortest 

of the eight. 



284 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




The d&m as it will appear when completed. 



To carry over this water, an open weir of 
four hundred feet in width is located on 
the left island, which will ordinarily keep 
the water level above the dam. In case of 
any high flood from any cause, a further 
escape is provided by a system of ninety- 
nine waste gates, 1500 feet long, sur- 
mounting the right island. The stability 
of the whole structure is thus settled 
beyond question. Except for the first four 
of the twenty-six miles of the canal now 
completed, no heavy rock cuts have been 



necessary; yet the moving of such a vast 
quantity of earth required a small army of 
men and horses. With the completion of 
the last dam the rock cutting in the canal 
will be finished, and the work on the weir 
and spillways brought to an end. When 
all is ready, the old Snake, probably eons 
older than Xiagara — and this marvel of 
our continent is more than a quarter of 
a million years old — will choke and 
become dry below the great dam which has 
filled her mouth two whole davs ere the 



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Wmk i 


l^jyiiyBHHl 


**" "'..ft 




.Jsm 


1^ i./ 


.J^ 


mf ■ 


II^B'M 


V'^ " 


WM 


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W^'fSV^ . r.r * II 



A corn field in an irrigated district in Idaho. 



AMERICA'S GREATEST IRRIGATION ENTERPRISE. 



285 



»1 






J 



A group of railroad officials itandinff at the rear 
of their private train at Park City, Utah. Mr. 
Kruttschnitt is the figure to the right; next to him 
is Mr. Filer, then Mr. Schumacher, traffic man- 
ager, Oregon Short Line; Mr. J. C. Stubbs, traffic 
director, Southern Pacific system, is the next; 
Mr. Monroe, of the Union Pacific, located at 
Omaha, is next, and Mr. Buckingham, superin- 
tendent of the Oregon Short Line, with head- 
quarters at Salt Lake City, is the last figure 
to the left. 



canyon above is filled to the brim. The 
hungry old miner waits impatiently for 
this day of days, for in the pockets of the 
canyon below he believes the yellow dust 
can be found in heaps. 

WTien the canyon above is full the canal 
gates will be thrown open, and down its 
new channel will flow a river of no mean 
proportions for twenty-six miles, when it 
will divide, one part taking a high line, 
the other a low line course until they 
reach the river below. These main canak, 
together with the laterals and ditches, if 
placed in line, would reach from Portland 
to San Francisco and back. 

As soon as the water is turned into the 
canal, the Oregon Short Line will begin 
Imilding a road through the length of the 
land, out over which the ranchers may 



send his products as far east as New York, 
or to Portland on the west. 

This great project, under the Carey 
Act, whereby Uncle Sam has given to 
those states which contain arid lands a 
million acres, provided they will reclaim 
them, is a poor man's opportunity, and 
differs in this respect from the irrigating 
projects now being undertaken by the gov- 
ernment. The man who wishes to secure 
a homestead under the government plan 
must live upon his land continuously from 




I. B. Perrine. 




Showing the electric engine passing the canal 
headgates site, drawing a train of earth cars. 



date of filing. He is given no assurance 
of getting a patent to more than 40 acres 
of the 160 he files upon, and this only 
after ''a period of five and probably ten 
years." A\nhat his water right will cost 
he will not know until Uncle Sam has 
built reservoirs, constructed canals and 
opened ditches and then figures out each 
man's share. As he has no title, he can not 
borrow money to tide him over a time of 
financial stress. Only the well-to-do 
farmer can hope to win when the odds are 
thus against him. 

Not so in the case of the propositions 
under the Carey Act, for on payment of 



286 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 




A newly deTised reToWinf rake for gatherinx 

up Mcebmsh into windrowi after it has 

been out with the "frubber." 



25 cents to the state and $3.00 to the 
water company at the outset he has the 
use of his land till the end of the sec- 
ond year, and thereafter he pays a yearly 
sum which in tea years amounts to $22.00 
an acre, at which time he gets his patent 
and title to a perpetual water right. This 
he may secure sooner if he makes pay- 
ment in full and improves one-eighth of 
his land. Under the Carey Act the settler 
has credit at the corner grocery ; under the 
government plan he has no credit, for he 
owns nothing until the government pleases 
to grant him title. He can not sell or 
mortgage, for he has no title to deliver. 
Under the former plan as soon as the 
water company has sold one-half of the 
land which it is possible to irrigate, then 
the settlers may take possession of and 
control the water svstem. Thus it is read- 



ily seen that a man of push having a little 
capital can easily get a splendid home- 
stead in Idaho, and if he takes advantage 
of his opportunities, the time will not be 
far distant when he will become a farmer 
king, independent and happy, his lands 
having risen in value to $100.00 an acre, 
with the certainty of going much higher, 
as they have in neighboring localities. 

The clearing off of the sagebrush, the 
plowing and seeding of his land the 
farmer can do himself; or, if he prefers, 
can hire it done at about $5.00 an acre. 
Fences, ditches and his home and neces- 
sary buildings will cost from $500.00 to 
$1000.00 more, so that with a strong pair 
of hands and about $1000.00 capital our 
Idaho settler can see his way clear to 
secure eighty acres of land (and this is 
a big ranch in the irrigated districts). 




The main canal a short distance from the intake. 




A lateral, showing levees built up from bor- 
row pits on both sides. This practice has been 
wisely discontinued, as it leaves the land in bad 
shape. It is preferable to cut the laterals deeper 
into the ground, use a little more grade, and put 
in check gates for diverting water to the land. 



with a comfortable homestead. Plenty 
of work at good wages can be had while 
the work of construction of canals and 
laterals is being completed in the lower 
portions of the great tract, and this will 
tide him over till his alfalfa crop yields 
six tons an acre during its second year's 
growth. For this he will find ready sale 
to stockmen at not less than $6.00 a ton 
in the stack. Xo pencil is needed to dis- 
cover that the net returns from an acre 
is several times greater than the farmer 
of the Middle West gets from his acre of 
corn or wheat. A small orchard of large 
fruits and a garden of small fruits, such 
as cantaloupes and strawberries, will yield 
the income of a section of land in Dakota 
wheat, even if the producer goes as far east 



AMERICA'S GREATEST IRRIGATION ENTERPRISE. 



287 




as the Mississippi River for 
his market. Already the land 
which can be watered from the 
twenty-six miles of canal near- 
ing completion — 30,000 acres 
— is sold. On October 20. 
in addition to the 30,000 
acres mentioned above, 100,- 
000 acres were thrown open 
for settlement. As the work 
progresses similar tracts will 
be thrown open, until the 
whole great area, one-fourth as 
large as the State of Rhode 
Island, will be sold and be- 
come the home of a people liv- 
ing under conditions of com- 
munal interests and advan- 
tages not surpassed in any 
country. Every modern con- 
venience, from the telephone 
to the electric heated house 
and automobile, will find place 
here. 

When one stops to reflect 
that within a few miles of this 
tract there is now running to 
waste over a half million horse 
power at Shoshone, Twin and 
Augur Falls, and that at no 
distant day these unharnessed 
giants will be set to work in 
the rich mines to the north and 
south and in the turning of 
spindles and the flying of 
shuttles, he gets a vision of in- 
dustrial growth that can not 
but arouse enthusiasm. In- 
deed, the possibilities of this 
country, when its many irriga- 
tion projects are under way 
and its enormous horse power 
has been utilized, appal the im- 
agination. This is especially 
true when one realizes the full 
meaning of the unsurpassed 
climate, the freedom from 
blizzards and cyclones, the 
marvelous productivity of the 
soil and the great wealth of 
gold, coal and lead. It is a 
country to arouse the greatest 
enthusiasm and a most import- 
ant factor in the upbuilding 
of the greater and grander 
America. 



OSPOWAH'S GOOD MEDICINE 



By Benjamin Franklin Napkeys 



IT WAS a hot day in Archulita. The 
sun beat down out of a cloudless 
sky, just as it had for the past 
two months. There were few 
signs of life in the adobe village. 
Three small, half-naked Mexican boys lay 
curled up in the shade of the National 
Coal Mining Company's office, and a mel- 
ancholy cur or two lolled near them and 
snapped at the flies. 

The office itself looked as forlorn and 
heat-distressed as the landscape in gen- 
eral. Inside, two women were seated near 
a baby carriage. One was a young Mexi- 
can, the other the wife of the resident 
manager of the company. The only other 
occupant of the office was the manager 
himself, Mr. Alfred Winslow. He and 
his wife were new to this region of brown 
plains, alkali dust and scorching winds; 
and the little town, with its population 
of Mexicans, Indians, half-breeds and 
whites, bored them exceedingly. The wife, 
however, found some pleasure in visiting 
her husband's office, where she could watch 
the picturesque inhabitants. 

The baby awoke, and its nurse took it 
over to the window. This interested the 
three little Mexicans outside, and they 
came up for a closer inspection. 

"Talk to them, Mercedes," said Mrs. 
Winslow. "Ask them where they have 
been to-day." 

Mercedes complied. "They say, have 
been to see Sen or Sharp put man in calo- 
hosor 

"They've seen what?" 

"She means Marshal Sharp," put in 
Winslow. "He arrested somebody this 
morning and brought him to town." 

"Oh," said his wife, "go on, ask them 
more about it, Mercedes." 

The nurse questioned the boys again, 
and translated their reply. "Some ranch- 
cro, they say; not know name, they say; 
not know why, they say." 

"Dear! — I wish they did," sighed Mrs. 
Winslow. "An\i:hing new would be a 
blessing this hot day." 

"Well, here comes some one who can tell 
you," said her husband, as a tall, blue- 



shirted man entered. "Hello, Strouthers; 
hot, isn't it? Who's the man that Sharp 
brought in this morning?" 

"Good afternoon, everybody," said 
Strouthers. "Yes, it's hot; but cheer upl 
It'll be a good deal hotter before long. 
I've half a mind to go over an' use my 
influence with Ospowah, an' get him to 
change the weather for us," and Strouth- 
ers laughed. 

"Who is Ospowah?" asked Mrs. Wins- 
low. 

"He's an old Ute medicine man — one 
of these Indians that claim they can make 
grass grow, an' cure sickness, an' things 
like that. He drifted down here among 
the Navajoes years ago. I s'pose he was 
driven out of his own tribe for some dirty 
work, but the Navajoes took him in, an' 
he's been a power among them ever since." 

"But what about the man that the Mar- 
shal brought in?" 

"He's a young Greaser that had a lot 
of cattle with some other man's brand on 
them. Claims he bought them from a 
man from the North, but every cattle 
rustler says that. We've telegraphed the 
sheriff, an' he'll be down on to-morrow's 
train to take him up for trial." 

"Where is his ranch?" asked Mrs. 
Winslow. 

"Out about eighteen miles on the old 
Fort Lewis road," answered Strouthers. 
Mercedes started and listened intently for 
the next remark. 

"What's the fellow's name?" asked 
Winslow. 

Strouthers though a moment. "Juan — ' ' 
Mercedes put the baby in its carriage and 
waited eagerly. "Juan I^amp — ero. No, 
that's not it. Juan Candel — " 

"Senor," whispered Mercedes, "is it 
Juan Candelario?" 

"Yes," cried Strouthers, "that's the 
man. Do you know him?" 

Mercedes began to wring her Jiands and 
walk up and down the room. "Si! si! 
He is my homhre, mv man!" 

"H— m^' said Strouthers. "Well, I'm 
sorry, young woman ; hut if he's taken to 



OSPOWAH^S GOOD MEDICIxVE. 



289 



Santa Fe there won't be a weddin' very 
soon, to say the least/' 

"Oh, he would not steal! Juan an 
honest man, senor! Ask the padre!'' 

"My poor girl!'' said Mrs. Winslow, 
sympathetically. "Is he guilty, Mr. 
Strouthers? Can anything be done for 
him?" 

"It looks like he was. I s'pose she 
might see him before he's taken away, 
though; if that'll be any satisfaction." 

''4^1/ 51/ Senora. I may go?" 

"Certainly. Come, Mr. Strouthers, I'll 
go, too." 

The little party soon reached the jail, 
a low, flat-roofed, adobe structure, and 
Strouthers gained them permission for a 
few minutes' conversation with the new 
prisoner. Juan Candelario was brought 
from his cell to the office, and left alone 
with the visitors. 

His story was soon told. It was the 
same old tale, so familiar to Strouthers, 
of how the prisoner had bought the stolen 
cattle from a stranger who could not be 
found. He told it without hei station, 
however, and his open, honest face did 
much to convince his hearers of his inno- 
cence. 

"Now," said Mrs. Winslow, when Juan 
had been taken back to his cell, "I believe 
that man did l)uy those cattle. Cheer up, 
Mercedes. I know that before Juan's case 
comes to trial we can find the man." 

"He's out of the country by now," 
Strouthers said. 

"Can nothing be done, then?" 

"Don't know, I'm sure, unless we get 
Ospowah to conjure him out. All the 
Navajo bucks say that he can do any- 
thing," answered Strouthers, with a poor 
attempt at wit. 

"Don't talk so," said Mrs. Winslow. 
"Can't you see that the poor girl believes 
everything you say? It's a shame!" 

The caution came too late. Mercedes 
had caught at the straw, and begged to 
be allowed to visit the reservation. 

"Better let her go," whispered Strouth- 
ers. "It'll take her mind off her troubles, 
anyway. I'm awful sorry I said an\i:hing 
about it, but all of us can drive over. I 
know you'd like to see the Navajo settle- 
ment, Mrs. Winslow, an' Ospowah's worth 
a visit, besides." 

Mrs. Winslow agreed, and they were 
soon on the way to the Navajo reservation, 
on the outskirts of Archulita. Strouthers 



stopped at the door of the worst looking 
hut in the place and went inside. He 
emerged presently with the announcement 
that the Indian would receive them. 

"Will he do anything for Juan, senor?'' 
asked Mercedes. 

"Oh, I s'pose he'll throw a few fits or 
somethin'. He'll do anything for money; 
but come in an' see him." 

They entered a small room, about 
twelve feet square, carpeted with coyote 
and wolf skins. On the walls hung gar- 
ments trimmed with beads, and in one 
corner was a string of scalp-locks, the last 
grisly reminders of the owner's life in the 
old days among his own people. On a 
heap of beautiful Navajo blankets in a 
comer sat Ospowah, smoking a dirty 
corncob pipe. There was nothing about 
the wrinkled figure that suggested any 
nobility of character, nor any power such 
as his adopted tribe claimed for him. He 
was an ordinary modern Indian, that was 
all. 

"Hey, wake up, you old villain," said 
Strouthers. "You've got visitors. Get up 
and talk." 

Ospowah uncoiled himself from the 
heap of blankets and rose to his feet. 
"What squaws come see ol' Ospowah?" 
he croaked. "Buy blankets, moccasin, 
scalp-lock? Long time ago Ute squaws 
think scalp-lock heap good, long time 
ago," and he laughed in a cruel, senile 
wav that made Mrs. Winslow shudder. 

"Shut up about your Ute squaws an' 
their scalp-locks," growled Strouthers. "I 
don't doubt that they was bloody-minded 
enough ; but we didn't come down to hear 
about them. This girl wants you to throw 
a fit or somethin' that'll get her young 
man out of jail. I s'pose you've not for- 
gotten how to make good medicine?" 

At the word "medicine," Ospowah 
straightened up and tried to look digni- 
fied. "Me big medicine-man once, heap 
big medicine," he said. Strouthers 
laughed. 

Ospowah walked over and put his hand 
on Strouthers' shoulder. "You. no b'lieve 
Ospowah got medicine to get buck out 
jail? Ospowah can, only too much lot 
trouble, that why. You no b'lieve, that 
why?" 

"Sure," answered Strouthers, "sure, I 
believe it. That's why, being a deputy 
marshal, I brought this girl over here. 
Oh, I believe it — certainly." 



290 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



Ospowah began to grow angry. "You 
go/^ he said. "Let two squaws talk medi- 
cine talk.^^ 

Strouthers was about to refuse, when 
he caught an imploring look from Mer- 
cedes; so he turned to Mrs. Winslow and 
said: "Well, 1^11 stand right outside the 
door, an' we'll let the girl make arrange- 
ments with the old cuss. It'll kinder make 
her more hopeful, an' she'll have the pleas- 
ure of thinkin', after it's all over, that 
she done what she could." 

"Now," said Ospowah, after Strouthers 
had gone, "now, squaw, talk medicine," 
and he looked at Mercedes inquiringly. 
She spoke for some time in the Mexican- 
Indian dialect, Ospowah nodding his head 
and putting in a word now and then. 
When she finished, she took a little bag 
from her bosom and handed it to the 
medicine man. 

"Why, Mercedes," said Mrs. Winslow, 
"isn't that the money you've saved from 
your wages?" 

Mercedes nodded. "For him; to pay 
Juan out," she said. 

"Don't give it to him. He has no power 
to help Juan. Save the money for the 
trial, if you like." 

"No ! no !" put in Ospowah. "Buck get 
out. Sheriff no take buck away. You 
see!" 

Mercedes refused to retract her gift, 
and the two women went outside, where 
Strouthers was waiting for them. 

"Well," asked that worthy, "did he 
agree to get him out, young woman?" 

Mercedes answered affirmatively. 

"He'd better be pretty quick, then, for 



to-morrow afternoon the sheriff '11 be here. 
Just think of me, a deputy marshal, 
aidin' an' abettin' a crazy old medicine- 
man to bunco a poor girl into thinkin' he 
can conjure people out of jail! But I'll 
make him give her back the money in a 
couple of days, Mrs. Winslow." 

The next day Strouthers started out 
with Marshal Sharp after more law- 
breakers. For the first time in the history 
of the railroad there was no train that 
afternoon from the outside world. Early 
in the evening a dispatch came, stating 
that a cloudburst and washout had oc- 
curred in Eagle Canyon, about forty miles 
above. The track was torn away and 
sand piled upon the roadbed, so that there 
could be no train to the town for several 
days. This delayed the arrival of the 
sheriff, and Mercedes was comforted. 
Late that night Strouthers galloped up 
to Winslow's house and knocked excitedly 
on the door. 

"Say," he said, when Winslow appeared, 
"tell Mercedes that the Greaser didn't 
steal them cattle, after all. I met the 
right cuss on the road to-day. He was 
ridin' back to give himself up — said devils 
had been chasin' him since last night, an' 
drivin' him back here. An', say, I stopped 
at old Ospowah's just now, an' found him 
lyin' beastly drunk, with all his drums, 
an' snake-skins, an' such medicine-man's 
truck around him. Tell Mercedes that 
her young man'll be let loose in the 
mornin', an' Marshal Sharp an' I'll dance 
at the weddin', just to show that there's 
no hard feelin's. Good - night," and 
Strouthers rode away. 



THE MINER 

Deep in the man-made pits of earth. 

Far from the world and the son, 
A lonely slave in a Titan's grave, 

He toils till the day is done. 

But his faith is high as the shaft is deep, 

While he hews at the stubborn rock; 
And his heart gives a bound at the shift-bell's sound. 

And his blood goes red with the shock. 

Then he thinks of the dear ones that wait above, 

And his step on the lift is light. 
And his soul offers up a simple prayer to God of the earth- 
pits, God of the air, 
God of the day and night. 

—Julia Josephson. 



Oystering on tke Pacific Coast 



By M. H. Tator 




Oystering on Bhoalwater Bay, Washin^rton. 



IT IS a boast of the people of the 
Pacific Coast States that, some- 
where in their specially favored 
section of God's green earth, they 
can raise anything that is produced 
anywhere else in the world. There may 
be exceptions, but the oyster is not one of 
them. If the average inhabitant of the 
East or Middle West were to be ap- 
proached with the query, do oysters grow 
in the Pacific Ocean? the answer would 
probably be, no. Indeed, very few of the 
Californians, Oregonians, and Washing- 
tonians themselves realize to what an 
extent the oyster-raising industry is being 
carried on. 

Among the leading points where the 
oyster is being grown, the bays about San 
Francisco, Yaquina and Netarts in Ore- 
gon, Shoalwater and Olympia in Wash- 
ington must be noted. 

Probably the earliest oystering on this 
coast was done at San Francisco away 
back before the days of the Forty-niners. 
In 1851 six men from San Francisco 
chartered the schooner Robert Bruce and 
set sail for Shoalwater Bay, Wash., some 
twenty miles above the mouth of the 
mighty Columbia. They were convinced 
from Indian reports and otherwise that 



oysters were abundant there, and this they 
found to be true. Coming to anchor on 
the north shore of the bay, at a point 
later called Bruceport, they began to lay 
plans to ^'tong" a shipload of the bay^s 
best, but the ship's cook fell out with the 
company and in an evil hour set the 
schooner afire that he might work his 
spite upon Captain Ledlow and his crew. 
Among the men that came on the Bruce, 
John S. Morgan has been most successful. 
For years he lived in the old village of 
Oysterville, across the beautiful bay where 
he saw his first venture go up in smoke. 
San Francisco now numbers him among 
her many millionaires 

Every bay has its oyster. Those well 
informed tell us that a flavor peculiar 
to itself characterizes the native oyster of 
every oyster bed warmed by the Japan Cur- 
rent. To the older residents of the Coast, 
our native oysters are Ihe ne plus ultra, 
possessing for them a flavor not ap- 
proached by their fatter cousin of the 
Gulf Stream coast. Easterners usually 
fail to relish the Pacific oyster on first 
acquaintance, complaining of an oily, 
fishy twang; but the taste is soon acquired, 
and never lost. 




Preparinir the oysters for market. 




Interior of an oyster packing plant on Bhoalwater Bay, Washinarton. 



OYSTERING ON THE PACIFIC COx\ST. 



293 



For two reasons young stock from the 
Atlantic Coast is now being extensively 
used here: first, because the native stock 
is getting short, and second, because the 
Eastern oyster finds a more ready sale at 
higher prices. Oystermen prefer to get 
their Eastern stock as "spats," that is, one 
year old; and these, wlien ready for the 
table, after three or four years, are larger 
than they would have been at home, many 
of them selling readily as ''count s." 

The young stock is purchased largely 
from Massachusetts bays and is shipped in 
barrels, dry, in refrigerator cars, a carload 
of 150 barrels costing the growers over 
$1,000.00 laid down here. 

The first company to import the East- 
ern stock began operations seven years 
ago. Their purchases last year amounted 
to twenty-four carloads, full a half of the 
total importation. 

The combined output of the various 
companies engaged in the oyster industry 
in Washington is estimated at from 3,500 
to 4,500 sacks of ninety pounds each every 
month. The price per sack in the mar- 
kets of San Francisco, Salt Lake City, 
Portland, Spokane and Seattle ranges 
from $2.25 to $3.25. At a glance it is 
seen that the yearly output of the 12,000 
acres of oyster beds in this bav vields the 



goodly sum of over $100,000. 

Besides oystering, the business of can- 
ning the juicy, fine-flavored, razor-backed 
clams is of considerable proportions. 
These thin-shelled clams are dug from the 
ocean beach at low tide, and when minced 
or put up whole make as delicious a soup 
or chowder as can be found anywhere. 
The president of the company, wlio is a 
woman, by the way, tells us that she is 
finding a ready market as far east as St. 
Paul. 

Let us set off in the gray of the morn- 
ing with a sturdy oyster laddie to the 
banks where the bivalves thrive. Hoist- 
ing sail, with his oyster scow in tow, he 
heads off to a distant spot, and from the 
boundary posts knows that he is within 
his own preserves, for every acre of the 
bay available for oyster growing is owned 
by some one. x\rmed with two rake-like 
tools, he now begins "tonging" and draw- 
ing up the oysters, throwing them upon 
the scow. In fine weather, when the tide 
is low and the beds are good, our com- 
panion can "tong" over a hundred sacks 
a day. Our boat is loaded, and we are off 
for the culling scow near shore, where 
the whole pile is sorted by hand and the 
young oysters taken out to be returned 
to the beds for another period of growth. 




A view of the oyster beds of Shoalwater Bay, Washin^on. 



THE POTTERS VESSEL 



By Aloysius Coll 



%w 



w 



'HEX a girl blushes 
like that, Peggy, to 
hide the secret in her 
heart, that secret can 
be only one thing." 

"I know, Polly. It's good of you to dig 
<lown into the bottom of my heart and fish 
it up without making me beat about the 
bush, and tell half a dozen fibs about it. 
But it is hard to blurt it right out, you 
know it is." 

The young girl emphasized her words 
with a gentle shake of her head. As she 
looked up, the October breeze caught the 
errant strands of her sunny hair, and 
tugged at them, inviting them to a romp 
with the thistle-down that floated down 
the brown slope to the yellow-brown road, 
which in turn seemed to race on and on 
with the tinge and the tint of autumn, 
till it reached the silver ribbon of the 
river, stretching across the mouth of the 
Talley like a white pennant in the bill of 
a homing dove. Even-thing about the two 
picturesque figures on the ledge of stone 
below the abandoned stone quarry sug- 
gested the brown autumn — the autumn 
that is brown and gray. Above them the 
brown bank of grass and fallen leaves 
sloped back, like the brow of a bronzed 
warrior, to a gray fence, streaked with the 
silver hair of dried lichens. At their feet 
was a little mat of brown leaves, blown 
into the quarry like amber wine poured 
into a bowl. Across the valley the brown 
trees dropped, one by one, their brown 
leaves into the grass, and overhead the 
wind piloted a random gray cloud across 
the uncharted skies. Even the eyes of the 
}oung girl were gray, and those of her 
elder companion and confidant were brown 
and striking still, for all Miss Polly's six 
and thirty autumns, and had in them more 
of good fellowship than curiosity. ^Xever- 
theless, they were kind and sympathetic, 
and invited confession. 

"I know he's much older than I am," 
continued the younger girl, confidingly, 
^Ijut not so much older, as the world looks 
on it to-day. Then, he is so — " 

"Do you love him?" was Polly's quick 



interruption, cutting oQ the rehearsal ot 
one man's good qualities. 

For answer Peggy only murmured 
something too low to be understood, and 
buriecTher face in her lap. 

''I wish I could look about me," said 
Peggy, after a moment's contemplation and 
broken thought, "like you do, Polly, and 
lose myself and all my troubles in the 
flowers and the birds, and the — troubles 
of other people. Do you know, Polly, I 
believe you were never worried by these 
big affairs of the mind and heart, for if 
you wore, you couldn't forget them for 
others — not even for me." 

''I should never wish to forget you, 
Peggy," said the other, quickly, and with 
calm reproach. "Xow, little one, what's 
the matter? YouVe given me a dozen 
hints, but you don't explain. AVhat is the 
matter?" 

Pegg}^ sighed long and deeply. "Every- 
thing's the matter.'* 

"Then that means that one thing, and 
only one thing, is the matter." 

"But, Polly dear, one thing — when that 
is the one thing — puts everything else 
wrong — with me." 

Polly looked at her companion curiously, 
a little smile lengthening the corners of 
her mouth. 

"Polly, you've helped so many of the 
girls — I'll tell you ever}i:hing. Yes, you 
have, for they've told me. We're always 
bothering you for good advice, as if you 
were our mothers. Yes, for we can talk 
to you even easier than we can to our 
mothers; I don't know why — perhaps be- 
cause we know you never had the^e 
troubles of the heart, while we feel that 
our mothers, having had to do with men, 
must have had them. So we feel a little 
guilty, \ou see, when approaching them on 
a subject which we know is like an X-ray 
drawn over our own souls, to show them 
our most sacred secrets. That's the rea- 
son we come to you, Polly ; we know your 
advice will be given without a tinge of 
personal chagrin, or — the cloud of mem- 
ory." 

Polly smiled. She saw much to interest 
her, it seemed, in the yellow-brown road 



THE POTTER'S VESSEL. 



295 



leading out to the silver river. Peggy 
screwed up her mouth, dug her hands into 
her lap as if to bolster up courage, and 
continued: "Xow, Polly, I've had a 
quarrel." 

Polly smiled again, this time with the 
merest burst of laughter. She did not 
seem to think a quarrel such a dreadful 
thing, after all, Peggy was forced to make 
further revelation. 

"But the man with whom I quarreled, 
PoUy— it's different." 

"Your lover, I suppose," suggested 
Polly; "girls always quarrel with their 
lovers; they fight with their brothers.'' 

"Yes — Polly, you know who it was." 

The other was gazing into the leaves at 
her feet. From one of the little vines 
that dared to come out from the crannies 
of the stone ledge, she plucked a golden 
leaf, tried the contrast by matching it 
with the gray goods over her breast, then 
suddenly removed it and twined it in 
Peggy^s golden hair. With admiring eyes 
she looked upon her. "I can not under- 
stand how Henry Herbert could quarrel 
with you, Peggy," she said, quietly. 

"Polly, there's no use flattering me 
now; it's advice I need — a scolding, I 
believe." 

Polly made no reply, and Peggy contin- 
ued: "It was just a trifle; a few words. 
It all happened at the dance two weeks 
ago. All because I split one of Henry's 
dances for Billy South; Henry despises 
him. So do I, but a girl can't let a man 
own her outright. It was just a little test 
of his love. But pride, Polly, I forgot 
about that. And men have it, too. It's a 
hobby of their's. Henry has more than 
most men; so things have gone from bad 
to worse, till ten whole days, and nights, 
have gone by, and he's never been near the 
house! What am I to do? — send him a 
meek little note, or shall I continue to 
hold out till he is brought to my feet on 
his knees ?" There was genuine distress in 
Peggy's countenance. "Maybe," she added, 
grimly, "Henry's not of the praying kind, 
and will not be brought to his knees !" 

Polly was silent a long time. The other 
took her silence for the deliberation of a 
judge who is confronted by a knotty legal 
tangle. 

"I think it would be wrong for me to 
attempt to give advice in this case, Peggy," 
she said, finally. "You have lived in our 
town only a little over a year, and you do 



not know everything. But listen — I'm go- 
ing to tell you a story." 

She did not settle herself as if for a long 
tale. The calmness of her face was not 
perturbed. "It has pleased some of the 
younger girls to look upon me as a demure 
little old maid — isn't that so? — a potter's 
vessel that has never seen the fire. Some- 
times, Peggy, the vessel that is fired is the 
stronger for its burning — but sometimes, 
that which has been in the furnace, having 
suffered hidden cracks, is weaker than that 
unglazed clay shape fresh from the model. 
I know a little old maid, with brown eyes 
and yellow hair — " 

Peggy looked up with a startle. 

"Whom many looked upon as a vessel 
that bore no hidden wound, because few, 
very few, are privileged to see the potter 
put his vessels into the kiln. God is that 
master potter, Peggy, and did it ever seem 
to you that in that furnace of love many 
vessels have been scarred by the fire, while 
others have been made strong and beauti- 
ful by it?" 

She ceased abruptly. "Let us call the 
little old maid the Fragile Vessel," she 
said, "for that is what the little old maid's 
heart was like, then. Now it is as a ves- 
sel in which many confide their secrets as 
if into the keeping of some strong treasure 
casket. But at that time the Fragile Ves- 
sel had not yet seen the fire. It was very, 
very young, and fresh clay is impression- 
able. But it was fair of form, and the clay 
of which it was molded was so sensitive 
that images of the birds, the flowers, the 
reflection of the brook, and all the bright 
and good things of the world were caught 
up in its sun-lighted walls, and stored as 
sacred within. One day — a great treasure 
slipped into the Fragile Vessel, and grow- 
ing great for joy within, could never be 
withdrawn out. Peggy, you know what 
that treasure was. . . . 

"How did the treasure come to be 
within? The Vessel itself scarcely knew. 
A young man came between it and the 
great sun. He was as an enchanting 
shadow; and his face came to be graven 
on the Vessel, more clearly than all the 
flowers and the birds and the mountains 
and brooks, and his name was stored away 
within its heart forever. 

"And under the touch of this strangely 
soothing potter, the Fragile Vessel be- 
came a — a woman! And what had been 
only an impression before, now crystallized 



296 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



as the very breath of life, the flesh and 
blood of that woman's being, the soul of 
her destiny and the end of her every hope. 
The wine of love ran red on her lips. The 
undertow of happiness splashed up from 
the well-springs of her heart, and glistened 
like dewdrops in her eyes. The glory of 
content danced on her hair. 

"But with the power of love, came the 
dominion of love, — woman's love. Love 
was strong, love seemed all-conquering. 
And love took up the torcli of pride, and, 
hurling it into the golden abyss, trans- 
formed the valleys of heaven into the rag- 
ing pits of hell! . . . 

"How was it done? Oh, so easily. A 
little test of love ; one rising suspicion ; one 
word of pride, one glance of bitterness — 
and then the parting ! 

"Yes — ^he came back. The Fragile Ves- 
sel, now the little old maid, had been visit- 
ing his sister; and the whisper had gone 
the rounds that he had come back to re- 
claim his love of the years gone by, to 
reclaim the love that in the maiden's 
heart had grown sweeter and sweeter for 
years of ripening.'' 

She paused, and peered down the yellow 
road, that stretched away to the silver 
river. "See that young girl coming along 
with those two big baskets, Peggy. I do 
hope that man in the wagon just turning 
into the valley will catch up and help her 
along. If he doesn't I intend to give her 
a lift myself when she gets this far.'' 

"But the man — ^the maiden," prompted 
Peggy. 

"Well, sudden hope made her — foolish. 
It was June — Jxme of this year. She went 
down the garden walk to meet him, in the 
moonlight. The garden was abloom. Iris 
nodded a God-speed on her journey of 
love. And the little old maid's heart made 
answer to every sound, and to the sjlence, 
and to the whisper of the wind and the 
perfume of the darkness and the star- 
shine. For love tipped the stars with 
tongues of light that dropped like arrows 
of fire at her feet; and every tree seemed 
a cradle of her hope, wherein the wind 
crooned her soothing lullabies. 

"The moon lifted his head from the pil- 
low of clouds ! 

"He came! First a dim shadow hurry- 
ing along the old gray wall, lengthening 
and lengthening, like a filmy giant — ah, 



how love grew in the little old maid's 
heart, as that shadow grew and grew on 
the old gray wall ! 

"Then — his head and shoulders — 
showed above the — gray stones of the gar- 
den wall! A hush on the flowers! — A 
stutter of welcome at the gatelatch — and 
the little old maid turned her face from 
the moonlight to his breath — and forgot 
all words of greeting in his arms ! 

"The moonlight was on her hair, gold, 
gold, gold in the silver night for all the 
hairs of white that might have shone in 
the day; she heard him murmur about its 
glory, and she felt his lips upon it ! Her 
hands were in the clasp of his, and she felt 
his breath upon them. Her face was close 
to his breast; he could not look into it — 
but he spoke — he called — " 

Here the voice broke. Peggy looked up. 
Polly was smiling, but through quick tears 
that had started to her eyes. 

"He called your name," finished Peggy ; 
"yes, yes," she emphasized, carried away 
by the tale, and deceived by the brave smile 
on the other's face into believing those 
tears tears of joy. 

"He called— NOT MY NAME— AX- 
OTHER'S !" 

"Another's !" For the first time 'Peggy 
comprehended that it had been a tragedy, 
not a sunny romance, that had been un- 
folding before her in the brown autumn. 
"Oh, Polly, I never heard — I never 
knew — " 

"He was deceived, by the hair, Pegg}% 
in the moonlight — " 

"Did he ever explain? Who was the 
other — ^the other girl?" 

"I wish her much joy," said the little 
old maid, with sweet significance, drawing 
the young girl to her, and kissing her fer- 
vently on the smooth white brow and on 
the gel den hair, close beside the yellow 
October leaf. 

Then she turned about quickly. "Look, 
Peggy, how glad I am ! The man in the 
wagon has stopped. See ! he is lifting the 
little girl into the wagon !" ' 

The fair young girl with the autumn 
leaf in her hair said nothing. 

It seemed to her, as she looked off into 
the valley, that she could see one potters 
vessel crash into another on the silver 
river, and sink it in the sunlight. 




By WILLIAM BITTLE WELLS 



In 1905 Portland, with the assistance of many states in the West, British 
Columbia and our national government, will hold an exposition — a very dangerous 
thing to do. Dangerous for two reasons : First, there has been a special tendency 
in enterprises of this kind for the city in which the exposition is held to become 
ambitious and overstep the bounds of conservative management. As the enterprise 
grows, it is realized that it would be a fine thing to have this and that, and ambition 
piles up the debts, the incurring of which in ordinary business enterprises would 
not be tolerated. It was so in Chicago. It has been especially true of Buffalo 
and St. Louis. This is the first and great danger. The second is in supposing 
that people will come West in large numbers to see the exposition itself. Such a 
supposition misunderstands the real object of the exposition and the conditionj? 
which surround us, and we might as well admit it, between ourselves, here and now. 
The exposition is, or, at least, should be, a means toward an end — not an end 
itself. As we understand the matter, the object of this exposition is not so much 
to make a great display as it is to advertise the best part of the world and get 
people here. The exposition is an advertising scheme, and it is a good one.' We 
know what we have out here. There would be no business sense at this time, there- 
fore, in spending all the money that will be spent simply to felicitate ourselves upon 
our accomplishments and our own good fortune in living in the West and the con- 
sequent misfortune of others. Our benevolent object in this exposition enterprise 
is to tell the benighted individuals who are so blind and unfortunate as to live 
where blizzards, snow, ice, droughts, insufferable heat, and all such inconveniences 
of life make existence a burden, something of our blessings and opportunities and 
induce them to come West. The exposition becomes, therefore, the piece de re- 
sistance of an advertising plan, and advertising the most important thing in 
connection with the exposition, second not even to the buildings and display. Peo- 
ple who come West in 1905 are not going to expect a great exposition in Portland, 
though we shall have one that will be noteworthy and a splendid success. They 
will, however, see a greater exposition than the world has ever held before — the 
exposition of our climate, our wonderful irrigation enterprises and our tremendous 
opportunities and advantages. But people will not come West unless their curiosity 
and interest are aroused. The slogan, therefore, should be, "Advertise, Advertise. 
Advertise." Money should be spent with newspapers and magazines throughout th»^ 
land. We should not expect a little gratuitous advertising to accomplish the great 
work necessary to be done along these lines. Because we know here in the Pacific 
Northwest that there is to be an exposition in Portland in 1905, and because a 
little, a very, very little has been done to advertise our fair, it is wbrse than folly 
to suppose that the world has any idea that there is to be an exposition in Portland. 
The exposition is not advertised and those who think that it is are deceived. This 
is the second danger. Will we profit by experience? 




^?^ 



A R.eviC'^' ot the most important activities of the 

moDtn m Polittcd. Science. A.rt, Education 

ana Reli^iou^ Tnougkt 

Considering the great forces at work, the past month has been remarkably 
quiet. The presidential ca/nipaign will probably go down to history as the most 
tranquil for half a century or more. Instead of the wx)nted enthusiasm, torch-light 
processions, the exaggerations and rantings of the campaign orator, there hus been 
a spirit of indifference, due largely to the fact that the two great parties stand for 
practically the same thing. The election will hinge upon a choice of men, and from 
an impartial standpoint it looks at this writing as if Roosevelt had the better of 
it. He appeals to the enthusiasm of men, to those who do things, whereas Parker 
appeals to the more conservative spirit. It is aggressiveness versus conservatism, 
and it is only natural in this age, which the Archbishop of Canterbury has recently 
termed ''the dawn of the brightest century the world has ever seen," that aggres- 
siveness should triumph. It is by no means certain, however, that Roosevelt will 
be elected. Owing to the unpopularity of the "Odell tag'' in New York, that state 
has become still more debatable ground. There are two Republican factions in 
Wisconsin which have greatly complicated matters there, and under the circum- 
stances the Democrats have at least an even chance of carrying the state. The 
chances are also about even in Indxnnn, so that the Parker campaign is not so badly 
off as it may seem from a superficial glance, A little apathy on either side in any 
of the debatable territory may turn the tide of the election. 



After the defeat of the Russian forces at Liao-Yang and their masterly ret rear 
to Mukden, the worn-out armies were ■compelled to take a period of rest. After a 
few weeks and contrary to all expectations. General Kouropatkin assumed the of- 
fensive for the first time, due, it is said, to pressure from St, Petersburg, The Japs 
were defeated in a few preliminary engagements, but, at this writing, they have 
successfully resisted the Russian advance and the most important engagement of 
the campaign is predicted. 

Those who have observed the situation carefully assert that the Japanese will 
not go into winter quarters, but will continue iheir vigorous, aggressive and suc- 
cessful campaign. Port Arthur continues to hold out, and Stoessel, the Russian 
general in command, asserts that he can withstand the Japs until next spring. 
Fresh meat is selling in Port Arthur at $1.20 per pound, and eggs are 20 cents each. 



Tkc State 
Elections 



The results of the state 
elections occurring in 
September were anx- 
iously awaited by the politicians as indica- 
tive of the pr(\sidential vote soon to be 
cast. Vermont has always been consid- 
ered a political barometer, and the out- 
come in that state was far from encourag- 
ing to the Democratic leaders. The Re- 



publican majority was over 31,000, ex- 
ceeding the majority received by the Re- 
publican candidate in the corresponding 
election four vears ago. In Maine, there 
was a slight falling off in the Republican 
vote, and a similar gain in the Democratic, 
although the Republican plurality was 
30,000. In Arkansas, the Democratic 
nominee for governor was elected by 



ACTIONS. 



299 



20,000 majority, as against 40,000 for the 
gubernatorial candidate on the same ticket 
two years ago. 

-, - The eighth annual ses- 

LongrcM ot gJQ^ ^i ^Y\e International 
OcograpkcM Geographical Congress 
convened recently at Washington, this be- 
ing the first meeting of the Congress in 
the Western hemisphere. One of the most 
interesting features of the session was an 
experiment in time signalling. At mid- 
night, September 15, the observatory at 
Wasliington was connected with nearly 
every important city on the glol)e, and 
messages were flashed both east and west, 
across continents, under oceans. The re- 
sults were marvelous. In Australia the 
east and west messages were received sim- 
ultaneously. Other points reported slight 
variations, not exceeding one-half of a 
second. The purpose of the experiment 
was to demonstrate the feasibility of a 
universal time standard. At a banquet 
given in honor of the foreign members of 
the Congress, Commander Perry an- 
nounced that lie would again try to reach 
the north pole, and explained the methods 
hy which he hoped to succeed. 

-, . - As a result of Colonel 

Tt.^*^ ^ Younghusband's armed 

Ihibct expedition into Thibet, a 

treaty has been signed by British and 
Thibetan representatives which will settle 
the difliculties between the two states. 
Thibet binds herself to establish posts for 
commerce between British and Thibetan 
merchants, to demolish forts threatening 
the Indian frontier, to repair certain 
passes, and to pay an indemnitv of 7,500,- 
000 rupees ($2,400,000). It is also pro- 
vided that without Great Britain's sanc- 
tion, no ITiibetan territory shall be sold or 
leased to any foreign power, nor shall any 
other power enter Thibet to construct rail- 
roads, develop mines, etc. To guarantee 
the performance of these conditions Great 
Britain shall maintain troops in Thibet 
for three years. The former Lama, who 
opposed Great Britain, and who has fled 
the country, has been deposed, and his 
spiritual honors have been bestowed upon 
Tashi Lama by the Chinese Amban, who 
lias supported the British expedition from 
the oiitstart. Russian influence has been 
eliminated. 



xy ' g^ • On September 11, consid- 
Riwaian Cruiflcr (.^jji^ie excitement was 
at San Francisco aroused by the news that 
a Russian cruiser, the Lena, had put into 
San Francisco for repairs. As such re- 
pairs could not be completed within the 
24-hour limit, the vessel was taken into 
custody by the naval authorities. The 
Japanese consul demanded that the Lena 
be required to leave at once. This being 
denied, on the ground that the vessel was 
unseaworth}', he preferred another per- 
emptory request that Japanese experts be 
allowed to examine the refugee. The 
United States authorities, however, replied 
that they did not propose to deputize their 
authority in the matter. When, upon in- 
vestigation, it was decided that it would 
take at least six weeks to complete the 
necessary repairs, it was agreed that the 
Lena be dismantled, and her crew placed 
on parole. Both Russia and Japan have 
expressed their gratification at the fairness 
and promptitude with which the L'nited 
States authorities have acted. 



Meat Strike 
Settled 



After a memorable strug- 
gle of 59 days, the great 
packing-house strike was 
declared off by President Donnelly, of the 
butchers' union. This means virtually a 
defeat for the strikers, and Donnelly ad- 
mits as much, saying that he ordered a re- 
turn to work in order to prevent a dis- 
ruption of the union. He takes a very 
philisophical view of the matter, declar- 
ing that the union has received a salutary 
lesson, by which they will profit in the fu- 
ture. They will hereafter be less dicta- 
torial and more conservative, he says, and 
less inclined to strike on any pretext. 
Most of the skilled men will be taken back, 
except where their places have been satis- 
factorily filled. The unskilled men will 
be out of a job. The packers, too, will 
profit by the lessons of the strike, and will 
make concessions where possible. At least 
mutual respect has grown out of the strug- 
gle. The loss in wages to the men is esti- 
mated at $5,100,000, and the loss to the 
packers at $7,500,000. 



Army 
Maneuvers 



The most extensive military 
maneuvers ever held in this 
country took place this fall 
on the historic battlefield of Bull Run. 
Twenty-six thousand men participated, of 
which number one-fifth were regulars and 



800 



THE PACIFIC MONTHLY. 



the rest militia. They represent about one- 
fourth of the national and state troops of 
the "Atlantic division," including the sea- 
coast from Maine to Texas, This army 
was under the command of Maj. Gen. Cor- 
bin, and the two contending divisions, the 
"Browns" and the "Blues," were com- 
manded, respectively, by General Bell and 
Gen. Fred Grant. "^ Companies from dif- 
ferent points of the country were com- 
bined in the different brigades, so that the 
men might get acquainted. Two "bat- 
tles" were fought, under theoretical con- 
ditions, of course, but involving many of 
the hardships of actual warfare. Each 
army was successful in one of the contests, 
according to the awards of the umpires. 
The war games proved so exhausting, es- 
pecially to the inexperienced militia, that 
nearly 10,000 of them were unable to ap- 
pear in the final grand review. They 
knew nothing of the hardships of actual 
campaigning, and were completely used 
up by the hard work. It is just this in- 
experience that the war games are ex- 
pected to remedy. The cost to the gov- 
ernment is $2,000,000, appropriated for 
that purpose. 



Our navy has recently been 
Two New increased by the addition of 
Batdeships ^^^ j^^^ first-class battle- 
ships, the Louisiana and the Connecticut. 
That is, these vessels have been launched, 
although some time will necessarily elapse 
before they can be fully equipped and put 
into commission. The construction of 
these ships was ordered three years ago by 
congress ; and, in order to test the relative 
efficiency of the government and private 
shipbuilding plants, the Connecticut was 
ordered built at the Brooklyn navy yard, 
while the building of the Louisiana was 
consigned to the Newport News Shipbuild- 
ing Company. The latter vessel was com- 
pleted first, and launched August 27, 
while the sister ship took her virgin plunge 
a month later. These war vessels are the 
most powerful in the navy. They are, re- 
spectively, 450 feet long, and of 16,000 
tons displacement. Their engines will de- 
velop 16,500 horse-power, with a speed of 
18 knots. The armament consists of four 
12-inch guns, eight 8-inch, and twelve 7; 
inch rifles, in the main battery, with a 
host of smaller guns in the secondary bat- 



Record for AH previous records for 

Wireless overland wireless tele- 

Telegrapky graphic dispatches have 

been broken by the De Forest Wireless 
Telegraph Company. A dispatcher in 
Chicago sent a message of 400 words to 
an operator on the fair grounds at St. 
Louis, which was received without diffi- 
culty. The distance is over 300 miles. The 
company is now transmitting messages be- 
tween the two points at regular rates. The 
current conveying the message must have 
traversed the City of Chicago, with its 
power-houses, skyscrapers, elevated struc- 
tures and other obstructions, heretofore 
considered insuperable. The company will 
establish other overland routes, including 
a relay route between Chicago and New 
York. 



-^. The damnatory clauses in 

IJispute over causes of a warm dispute in 
^^*^** theAthanasian creed are the 

the English church. The progressive fac- 
tion desires that the clause declaring that 
the nonbeliever shall perish everlastingly 
"shall be expunged from the creed.'' The 
conservative element resists any such rad- 
ical change, as paving the way to more 
objectionable alterations. The clause in 
dispute has not appeared in the American 
Episcopalian prayer-book for one hundred 
years. 



Tke It is claimed for the "Acous- 

Acousticon ticon," the invention of R. 
Hutchinson of New York, that, by its use> 
anyone, however deaf, may hear, provid- 
ing the auditory nerve is not destroyed. 
The device is a combined telephone and 
microphone. A sound amplifier, a ^4bra- 
tory diaphragm and a small storage bat- 
tery are parts of the mechanism. A girl 
of 22, who had been deaf for 16 years, 
using the acousticon, was able to hear 
grand opera as well as any person in the 
audience. 



1^ , y The Department of Agri- 

V A S^P"*" culture is at last to take ac- 
roodstutts ^|^,p measures to prevent the 
importation of impure and adulterated 
foods. Laboratories are being installed in 
our principal ports to carefully inspect and 
analyze all suspected foods. The depart- 
ment is awaiting the interpretation of the 



ACTIOKS. 



;^0i 



law, which, it is thought, will shut out all 
German sausages, "Scotch" whisky, ''pate 
de foie gras'' and other imported "deli- 



cacies. 



. -, The $100,000 prize offered 

AcrialLontcstby the St. Louis Exposition 
at bt. Louis authorities for the best dir- 
igible airship is attracting a number of 
contestants. Trial has been made of the 
Benbow machine, not with unqualified suc- 
cess. Professor Benbow steered his craft 
for 100 feet in a straight line, and then 
the inevitable mishap occurred, bringing 
the attempt to an abrupt finish. One of 
the formidable contestants will be Thomas 
S. Baldwin, of San Francisco, who will 
enter with two machines. From England 
comes Major" Baden- Powell, of Boer war 
fame, who is also an aspirant for aerial 
honors. To compensate for the absence 
of Santos-Dumont, France is sending Hip- 
pol}i:e Francois to participate in the race. 



TLc Parlia- 



The annual session of the 
-, . Parliamentary Union, held 
mcntary Union ^^ St. Louis, was attended 
by 226 members. The delegates were wel- 
comed by First Assistant Secretary of 
State Francis B. Loomis, and Congress- 
man Richard Bartholdt was the presiding 
officer. Two significant resolutions were 
unanimously adopted, one calling upon the 
powers signatory of the Hague convention 
to intervene, separately or jointly, with 
the belligerents in the Eastern war; the 
other asking President Roosevelt to call a 
second session of the Hague conference to 
meet in this country. 



Army On November 1, the new 

Wo^ n 11 war college at Washington, 
War CoUe^c ^ (.., will open its doors! 
Only the picked men of the army will be 
privileged to enter, after courses at the 
garrison schools, the special service schools 
and the staff college. They must rank not 
higher than major nor lower than captain. 
Tlie new institution will not be a school in 
the accepted sense, but rather a congress 
of soldiers to study the art of war. War 
plans will be the chief subject of study, 
and specific problems of the campaign will 
be attacked. General Tasker H. Bliss is 
at the head of the institution, and under 



him are Col. Arthur L. Wagner and Col. 
Charles Shaler. 

George E. Roberts, Director of the 

Mint, has completed his calculation of 

-^M- T\' -> ^^^ production of gold 

Mint Directors ^^^ gU,.^.^ j^ ^^^^ United 

for the calendar year 1903. The figures 
for the United States, by states and terri- 
tories, are as follows: 

Gold. Silver, Corn- 
Value, mercial Value. 

Alabama % 4,400 

Alaska 8,614,700 $ 77,544 

Arizona 4.357.600 1,829,034 

California 16.104,500 503.010 

Colorado 22,540,100 7,014,708 

Georgrla 62,000 216 

Idaho 1,570,400 3,513,996 

Kansas 9,700 52,596 

Maryland 500 

Mlchlgran 27,000 

Montana 4,411,900 6.826,842 

Nevada 3,388,000 2,727.270 

New Mexico 244,600 97,578 

North Carolina . . . 70.500 5,940 

Oregron 1,290,200 63,720 

South Carolina ... 100,700 162 

South Dakota 6,226,700 119,448 

Tennessee 800 7,020 

Texas 245,376 

rtah 3,697,400 6,046,271? 

Virginia 13,500 5.130 

Washington 279,900 159,030 

Wyoming 3,000 108 

Totals $73,591,700 $29,322,000 

The total number of fine ounces pro- 
duced in the United States for the cal- 
endar year 1903 was 54,300,000. The 
value of silver is computed at 54 cents a 
fine ounce. 

Tlie total output of gold shows a de- 
cline of $6,400,000 and of silver a decline 
of 1,200,000 ounces from the figures of 
the previous year. The falling off in 
both metals is almost entirely due, ac- 
cording to Mr. Roberts, to labor trouble;^ 
in Colorado. The most important gain 
made by any state was about $500,000 in 
gold by Xevada. 

P'or the entire world the total output of 
gold was $325,527,200; of silver $92,- 
039,600. Mexico was the only country 
that exceeded the United States in silver 
output, producing $38,070,000. Australia 
fell far below in silver, with an output of 
$5,228,700, but far exceeded all other 
countries in gold with an output of $89,- 
210,100. Africa came next, producing 
$67,988,100 in gold. Russia produced 
$24,632,200 worth of gold, and Canada 
made a good showing with a gold output 
of $18,834,500. After British India, with 
upwards of $11,000,000 of gold to its 
credit, no other country reaches the five- 
million mark. 




By CHARLES ERSKINE SCOTT WOOD 



Every misery on eartk, except tke evils wliicli tke flesk is natural keir to, comes 
from some men seeking to govern otLers in mind, body or estate 

AVar and Its Costs 

WHICH is a greater preventive of war — preparedness or unpreparedness ? 
In frontier days it was known that nothing made a man so quarrelsome as a 
**gun'^ in his pocket. Personally, I have no more use for war among nations than 
for each fellow to settle his own quarrel by force of arms with his neighbor, as 
they used to do in the good old days of knighthood. Xot only are you told that 
the courts then could not settle quarrels between barons, but even the courts set- 
tled questions by the foolish trial by battle. But personal quarrels are no longer 
settled so. 

I read that the countrymen of that Czar who proposed the Peace Tribunal 
are braining and disemboweling the countrymen of the Mikado, and the country- 
men of the Mikado are found dead with their teeth in the throats of the Russians ; 
that women are weeping and men groaning by the hundreds of thousands, and I'll 
venture to say that not one of the Russian soldiery knows any better reason why 
he should disembowel a Japanese artisan than the bulldog knows why he should 
fight in the pit for his master ; and the same with the Japanese artisan soldier. 

Whose fight is it, anyway? What is it for? And what is the good? At the 
end of all the slaughter and waste, it will be settled by a treaty in which all Europe 
will take a hand. And the United States, too; for are we not a great big boy now? 
And is not Senator Lodge greater than Washington? 

Keep out of European politics? Xonsense, George! We are a world-power! 
Senator Lodge is a statesman. We have governors, too, and we, too, run out and 
get killed whenever they tell us. We are flea bitten with statesmen. See Chauncoy 
Depew. He is a statesman, too. And we build great big battleships, every one cost- 
ing more than a college, and sometimes they hit a rock, and some day they go up in 
smoke. Who builds them? Well, the statesmen order them, and the people pay 
for them. 

Faugh! V\e smelt corpses rotting myself, and I know he is a fool who gets 
killed save for a principle he knows and approves. Wars are not prevented nor 
victories won by battleships, but by the moral power and the wealth of a nation. 
The battle is not to the strong in battleships, but to the strong in resources. We 
are bitten by a killing bug. We are full of strenuousness. Our soldiers wear caps 
like those of the Germans. We are a militarv world power and the people pav the 
bills. ''Hoch dcr KakerT 

Advice to Aspiring Young Journalists 

THOUGH I write in September, the elections may be over before this sees 
the light of day. Still, as the future before the young journalist is long, 1 modestly 
suggest that he may win fame for himself who will so report his political adver- 
saries that bye and bye people will sav, '^This man writes the truth; it may be 
used as history.^' 

And to the comic paper artist I suggest that he be comic. It is an excellent 
plan neyer to draw or write unless you have an idea. If I were to start a comic 
l)aper — which no one contemplates except as they do suicide — I would print certain 
rules, such as — 



IMPRESSIONS. 



803 



"All mother-in-law jokes barred." 

"All puns concocted out of idiocy subjects the maker to a fine. Such as, *The 
wagon spoke with its tongue and said, *You fellows make me tired/ " 

"No drawings of rural gentlemen will be accepted which have either Horace 
Greeley or billy goat whiskers. The least atom of original observation would teach 
the aspiring young artist that whatever characteristics our agricultural population 
have these styles of whiskers are not of them." 

To discuss the cheap, coarse conventionalities of the comic artist would take 
a whole number. And yet for good, clean, original humor there is room. Life is 
about the only through and through paper of wit and humor without cheap vul- 
garity. Puch has never lost the distinction Bunner impressed upon it; but some 
of the others are simply unspeakable. And as for the comic sheets of the daily 
press or weekly press, they consist in exploiting inane hoodlumism in red ink. I 
see Peck's Bad Boy has revived. To me he was always disgusting. Under the in- 
fluences of the daily press our youngsters can not fail to be hoodlums of the deepest 
slang, whose ideas of wit and gentle humor will be bad English and brutal practical 
jokes. Where is this American humor we used to hear about? 

Then there is a cro\vn of glory awaiting the young college graduate who can 
report a baseball or football game or any other athletic sport as if he were not 
addressing a gang of toughs. It may be wearisome to say "the ball" constantly, but a 
writer of exact facts would use the word "ass" as often as he had occasion to de- 
scribe the animal. He wouldn't say the "long-eared quadruped," the "mellifluous 
brayer." He'd just keep on repeating plain "ass." Now to say "Jinksev, of the 
Seals, took his willow and jumped on the rubber, but he couldn't find Jumpsey, of the 
Angels, who was the twirler for the first, until he was thumped in the slats by 
the horsehide and given a pass to first," may be ])eautiful English and clear as 
mud, but if I were an A. Y. J. I'd try and write good, terse, simple English, 
and call everything by its right name, no matter how often. Calling it the sphereoid 
and the pigskin doesn't really lift one into an original style, and rob Shakespeare of 
his laurels. There is need of truth and clean-cut originality and direct, simple 
style in every branch of modem journalism. 




Clond •ffect from Columbia River, showinr Mt. St. Helens, Washington, in the distance. 




Editors Note. — Max Xordau in his essay on Optimism and Pessimism says: 
'*The truth is that optimism, an infinite, ineradicable optimism, is the base upon 
which all mans conceptions are founded, the instinctive feeling which is natural to 
him under all circumstances. What we term optimism is simply the form- in which 
our own life-force, or vital energy, and the processes of life in our organism arc 
presented to our consciousness. Optimism is, therefore, only another term for 
vitality, an intensification of the fact of existence.'' H is a belief in these things 
which has brought about the introduction of this department into The Pacific 
Monhly. The scope and purpose of the department will gradually be enlarged, crit- 
icised and improved, until it will be unique in character and of undoubted and ac- 
I'nowledged worth to our readers. 



"Could we choose our environment, and were desire in human undertakings 
synonvmous with endo^^Tuent, all men wouhl, I suppose, be optimists. Certainly 
most of us regard happiness as the proper end of all earthly enterprise. The will 
to be happy animates alike the philosopher, the prince and the chimney-sweep. Xo 
matter how dull, or how mean, or how wise a man is, he feels that happiness is his 
indisputable right. ♦ ♦ ♦ Most people measure their happiness in terms of 
j)hysical pleasure and material possession. Could they win some visible goal which 
they have set in the horizon, how happy they would be ! Lacking this gift or that 
circumstance, they would be miserable. If happiness is to be so measured, I, who 
can not hear or see, have every reason to sit in a corner with folded hands and weep. 
If I am happy in spite of my deprivations, if my happiness is so deep that it is a 
faith, so thoughtful that it becomes a philosophy of life — if, in short, I am an 
optimist, my testimony to the creed of optimism is worth hearing. * * * So 
my optimism is no mild and unreasoning satisfaction. A poet once said that I must 
be happy because I did not see the bare, cold present, but lived in a beautiful dream. 
I do live in a beautiful dream; but that dream is the actual, the present,T-not cold, 
but warm ; not bare, but furnished with a thousand blessings. The very evil which 
the poet supposed would be a cruel disillusionment is necessary to the fullest 
knowledge of joy. Only by contact with evil could I have learned to feel by con- 
trast the beauty of truth and love and goodness. * ♦ ♦ A man must under- 
stand evil and be acquainted with sorrow before he can write himself an optimist, 
and expect others to believe that he has reason for the faith that is in him.'' — 
Helen Keller, on Optimism. 

"My optimism is grounded in two worlds, myself and what is about me. I 
demand that the world be good, and lo, it obeys. I proclaim the world good, and 
facts range themselves to prove my proclamation overwhelmingly true. To what ib 
good I open the doors of my being, and jealously shut them against what is bad. 
Such is the force of this beautiful and wilful conviction, it carries itself in the face 
of all opposition. I am never discouraged by absence of good. I never can be ar- 
gued into hopelessness. Doubt and mistrust are the mere panic of timid imagina-