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When the late Sir Augustus Paget published in the year 
1896 two volumes containing the important political and 
diplomatic correspondence of his father, Sir Arthur, many 
letters of a domestic character rather than of public interest 
were omitted. A selection from these is now printed, 
chiefly written by persons who either themselves helped 
to make history during critical periods at home and abroad, 
or who received their information from first-rate sources. 

I cannot pubhsh this little book without recalling the 
memory of Sir Augustus Paget, to whom the preservation 
of its materials is due. His long and distinguished career, 
culminating in his embassies at Rome and Vienna, formed 
a worthy sequel to those of his father, and of his well-known 
uncles, Field-Marshal Lord Anglesey, General Sir Edward, 
and Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Paget — but apart from his 
public services. Sir Augustus had a natural gift of attracting 
and retaining throughout his life the respect and affection 
of all with whom he came in contact. Few more warm- 
hearted, straightforward, generous, and hospitable English- 
men can have ever existed. 

I must also express to Walburga, Lady Paget, the present 
owner of the MSS., my sincere thanks for her kindness 
in having entrusted them to me, and my hope that the 
task of selection has been carried out to her satisfaction 


tr\r~\UK.i *~^ . 


On November 17th, 1769, died Henry, 2nd Earl of Uxbridge 
(of the creation of 1714), 8th Baron Paget, and last male 
descendant of that William Paget whose services to the 
Tudor sovereigns had been rewarded by a peerage, and 
by substantial grants of broad acres, partly spoils of the 
dissolved monastery of Burton-on-Trent. This second 
Lord Uxbridge, a man of no note, had suffered the great 
mansion, built by his ancestor at West Drayton, Middlesex, 
to fall in ruin, but Beau Desert, his stately home in 
Staffordshire, with other very considerable property, was 
still intact at the time of his death. He was unmar- 
ried, no will was found, and his estates therefore passed 
to his heirs-at-law. Lord Boston took a share in right 
of his mother, Dorothy, sister of Brigadier-General Thomas 
Paget, whilst Beau Desert and West Drayton fell to Henry 
Bayly, a young man of five-and-twenty, eldest son of a 
Welsh baronet. Sir Nicholas Bayly, by his first wife, 
Caroline, daughter of the Brigadier-General and great- 
granddaughter of William, 5th Lord Paget. The earldom 
of Uxbridge had become extinct, but the barony of Paget 
being heritable through females, Henry Bayly was sum- 
moned to the House of Peers early in 1770, assuming at 
the same time the surname and arms of Paget in lieu of 
his patronymic. This accession of rank and wealth must 
have been unexpected, but it was shortly followed by a 
still more striking gift of fortune to the same lucky in- 
dividual. In order to explain the history of this second 
great inheritance, one must go back to the early years of 
the eighteenth century, when Peter Walter, a crafty at- 
torney and steward for various grandees, including the 
Duke of Chandos, had steadily amassed riches by means 
which appeared to his contemporaries — among whom was 
the poet Pope — of a shady character. Provision was 
made in the usurer's will that in the event of the failure 



of his own male descendants, all his manors and lands 
in Dorset and Somerset should devolve on the younger 
sons of Sir Edward Bayly of Plas Newydd, though Walter's 
reason for thus benefiting the Baylys remains obscure, no 
connection being traceable between his and their families. 
The remainder in favour of the Baylys actually took effect 
on the death of Edward Walter, Peter's grandson, in the 
year 1780. The property in question , then passed to Sir 
Nicholas, eldest son of Sir Edward Bayly (whose younger 
sons had predeceased), and when Sir Nicholas departed 
this life, four years later, at the age of seventy-five, his 
successor, Henry, Lord Paget, found himself one of the 
largest land-owners in the kingdom, whilst his parlia- 
mentary influence enabled him to return at least three or 
four members to the House of Commons, as representatives 
of Anglesea, Carnarvon, and the small borough of Milbome- 
Port in Somerset. The earldom of Uxbridge was revived 
in Lord Paget's favour in the year of his father's death. 

It is difficult at this distance of time, and without further 
materials than those which I possess, to realize very exactly 
what manner of man the new Lord Uxbridge really was. 
Such memoirs of the period as I have read almost ignore 
his name, and some verses by Peter Pindar, entitled " Tears 
of St. Margaret," published in 1792, containing a couplet. 

And he who lours as if he meant to bite 
Is Earl of Uxbridge with his face of night, 

referring presumably to his dark complexion, are nearly 
the only contemporary record which I have been able to 
find. Perhaps no injustice will be done to his memory by 
picturing him as a good-natured, easy-going personage — 
if prone to self-indulgence and liable to caprice * — at the 
same time generous in the extreme to his children and 
entourage. For his second son, Arthur, in particular it 
appears from these letters that he once contemplated 
making " a great provision," though that intention was 
never fulfilled. Lord Uxbridge must have been singularly 
void of personal ambition, never holding any public posi- 
tions beyond those of a lord-lieutenant and colonel of 
the Staffordshire Militia, although he lived in an age when 
his territorial influence might have naturally received 

1 " Lord Uxbridge's natural caprice," Lord G. L.-Gower's Correspond- 
tnct, i. 85. 


recognition by some dignified office either in the Ministry 
or about the Court. He may have been satisfied with 
witnessing the rapid promotion of his sons in their respec- 
tive branches of the pubHc service, earned though such 
undoubtedly was by their individual merits. In the 
course of the weary war against France, when this country 
was practically denuded of regular troops, it chanced that 
his Staffordshire regiment of militia was long quartered 
at Windsor, which circumstance may account for the 
peculiar degree of intimacy with which the Uxbridges were 
favoured by George III, whilst the earl's taste for music 
was another bond of sympathy with his sovereign, and his 
steady parliamentary support of Pitt, backed by the votes 
of sons and sons-in-law, further endeared him to the King. 

Lady Uxbridge, moreover, was a person after Queen 
Charlotte's own heart, these letters testifying throughout 
to her unbounded devotion to her husband and children, 
as well as to her loyalty to " the dear King." At the age 
of twenty-three Henry Bayly, as he then was, had been 
fortunate enough to marry Jane Champagne,^ the charming 
daughter of an Irish dean who owed his foreign name 
to his French grandfather, a well-born Huguenot refugee. 
I suspect that the successful careers of their sons were 
in the main due to the example and training of this pious 
and excellent mother, though their many perils by land 
and sea, campaigns, wounds, and adventures of all sorts 
were destined to keep good Lady Uxbridge in a perpetual 
state of anxiety and " bustle." 

At the end of the eighteenth century, soon after this 
correspondence begins. Lord and Lady Uxbridge were 
middle-aged people, heads of a large family of sons and 
daughters, and their grandchildren were becoming numerous. 

Their eldest son, Lord Paget, was already acquiring 
distinction as a cavalry officer. Allusion to his brilliant 

1 Lord Uxbridge's sister Dorothy married, in 1759, George, Lord Forbes, 
afterwards 5th Earl of Granard, while Dean Champagne's mother having 
been the daughter of a previous Lord Granard, Lord Uxbridge's own 
marriage must have pretty obviously com^e about through this connexion, 
and it was in fact solemnized at Castle iWbes, the Granard seat. Lady 
Paget's MSS. contain a curious account dra^v© up by Marie de la Roche- 
foucault, wife of Josias de Robillard de Champagne, of the family's flight 
from France to escape rehgious persecution after the repeal of the Edict 
of Nantes. The younger children were smuggled to England, hidden 
away in an empty wine barrel, on board a boat of 18 tons. The youngest 
son of Josias entered the service of William III, and settled in Ireland 
after the Battle of the Boyne. 


service in the Peninsula, to his command of the cavalry 
at Waterloo, to his creation as Marquis of Anglesey, and 
to his viceroyalty of Ireland, will be found in these letters. 
His character may be learned from the words used after his 
death by the diarist, Charles Greville — " a more gallant 
spirit, a finer gentleman, a more honourable and kind- 
hearted man never existed, ... he had a generous dis- 
position " ; whilst the Annual Register of 1854 says that 
Lord Anglesey's " character might be read off at sight, 
the express image of chivalry as he was." The only blot 
upon his 'scutcheon was his conduct to his first wife. Lady 
Caroline Villiers, daughter of the 4th Earl of Jersey, whom 
he married in 1795. Though a beautiful and blameless 
woman, their union ultimately proved most unhappy, her 
husband's own family admitted that he treated her very 
badly, and in 181 o she was driven to obtain a divorce. 
Lord Paget then married Lady Charlotte Wellesley, and 
Lady Paget afterwards gave her hand to the Duke of Argyll, 
Gronow's Reminiscences recording her as still "lovely" 
after her second marriage. 

William, second son of Lord and Lady Uxbridge, joined 
the Navy, and is described in the Correspondence of Lord 
Granville Leveson-Gower as, in the year 1790, " a very hand- 
some manly-looking young man. It is not common to 
see three such handsome young men in one family, and 
the two eldest are so attentive, so attached to their parents, 
that it is a pleasure to see them together. Everybody 
likes them." William died at sea when a captain R.N., 
and was buried at Gibraltar in 1794. 

The diplomatic career of Arthur, the third son, has 
been fully described in the Paget Papers. His niece, the 
late Lady Sydney, wrote of him : " Whether he was attired 
in his white neckcloth and Red Ribbon in London, or 
as a Boatman rowing his own Dinghy at Hamble, he was 
every inch a ' Grand Seigneur.' Sydney was immensely 
struck with him when he first saw him on his coming up 
to London for my marriage in the year '32." Sir Arthur 
Paget married Lady Augusta Fane, daughter of the loth 
Earl of Westmorland, and died in 1840. 

Edward Paget, the fourth son, after a lifetime of active 
service in nearly every quarter of the globe, died a General, 
G.C.B., and Governor of Chelsea Hospital, in 1849. He 
was a great soldier and held worthy by many to succeed 


Lord Hill as Commander-in-Chief of the Army.^ A simple, 
upright man, he was of a more reserved disposition than 
his other brothers. He married, first, Hon. Frances 
Bagot; secondly, Lady Harriet Legge. 

Charles, the fifth son, became a sailor like his elder 
brother William, and as Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Paget, 
G.C.H., died of yeUow fever when Commander-in-Chief 
on the West Indian Station in 1839. He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Henry and Lady Elizabeth Monck, 

Berkeley, the sixth and youngest son (called Bartolo 
or the " Villain " by his brothers and sisters), joined the 7th 
Hussars as a youngster, became A.D.C. to the Duke of 
York, served in the Peninsula and was afterwards for many 
years M.P. for Anglesea, a Lord of the Treasury, and finally 
Commissioner of Excise. He died suddenly in 1842, 
having married in 1804 Sophia Grimston, only child of 
Hon. WiUiam (Grimston) Bucknall. 

The " brotherhood " remained through life on terms 
of great affection — Beau Desert and Uxbridge House were 
open to one and all, and Lord Anglesey's interest and 
influence were always ready to promote the welfare of any 
of his kindred. 

Besides their six tall sons, the Uxbridges had five 
daughters, of whom the eldest, Caroline, married in 1792 
Hon. John Thomas Capel, half-brother of the 5th Earl of 
Essex, and had a large family. 

Jane, the second daughter, became in 1797 the wife 
of Lord Garlies, afterwards 8th Earl of Galloway, an able 
and agreeable man, who had seen considerable service 
in the Navy, being badly wounded at the capture of Guade- 
loupe, and who later rose to the rank of Admiral. Lady 
GaUoway " had the proper spirit of the [Paget] family, 
... a sound head and perfectly feeling heart, and few 
people's actions and thoughts will bear stricter scrutiny, 
even upon the most liberal principles."' Next came 
Louisa ; her courtship by Colonel Erskine of Torrie, a 
younger son, was not sanctioned by her parents, and in 
the season of 1799 Lady Uxbridge, " whilst Col. Erskine 
remains in Town," would not take Louisa out; but, as in 
many such cases before and since, opposition by the elders 

1 An interesting Memoir of Sir Edward Paget has been published by 
his grandson, Mr. Eden Paget, 

2 Lord Galloway's letters. 


failed in face of the determination of the young people, 
and Lady Louisa married her " Jemmie " in 1801. Fiery 
denunciations of the " Monster," Napoleon Bonaparte, in 
her letters show that Louisa had a lively temperament. 
Then followed Charlotte, whose marriage in 1805 to the 2nd 
Earl of Enniskillen, " so amiable and excellent a creature," 
gratified every member of the family ; she died a few 
months before her mother, in 1817. The youngest daughter, 
" Little Mary," married in 1803 the 2nd Lord Graves. 

The eleven brothers and sisters passed a happy child- 
hood at Beau Desert, to which they all referred in later 
years as that " dear old place," where they had once formed 
a joyous band. Long afterwards one wrote that a visit 
there always felt like going home, and another that no 
venison ever tasted so good as the Beau Desert venison in 
old days. 

Lord and Lady Uxbridge's latter years were, however, 
chiefly divided between Plas Newydd on the Menai Strait 
in Anglesea — the original Bayly possession, where he had 
entirely reconstructed the former house, and greatly 
enjoyed its facilities for his favourite amusement of sailing 
— and Uxbridge House in Burlington Gardens (now the 
Western branch of the Bank of England) which he built 
soon after his elevation to an earldom. They also occasion- 
ally occupied a villa at Surbiton, which became Lady 
Uxbridge's dower-house during her widowhood. Beau 
Desert was handed over to Lord Paget before the year 
1808, and the very fine house at Stalbridge Park ^ in 
Dorsetshire was allowed to go to rack and ruin, as Drayton 
had been in the previous generation. 

Few persons now living are likely to remember any of 
the generation, whose letters are here printed. Lord 
Anglesey, who died in 1854, having then reached his eighty- 
sixth I year, being himself the last survivor of all these 
brothers and sisters. To the end he preserved an almost boyish 
activity of mind and body. During his last tenure of 
office as Master-General of the Ordnance, 1846-1852, 
after having passed his eightieth year he transacted 
all affairs " with the most scrupulous zeal for the 
interests of the humblest person concerned. He never 
allowed the loss of his leg (for which he refused the 

2 The Stalbridge estate was sold by the ist Lord Anglesey to the 
Marquis of Westminster. 


large pension offered) to interfere with business or pleasure, 
shooting from the back of a pony and yachting as keenly 
as of yore." I have heard that no figure was better 
known in the streets of London, where to the last he 
drove his curricle, a vehicle unknown to the present 
age, through the Park, or cantered along the Row, whilst 
Lady Anglesey used to drive out in a carriage and four, 
preceded by outriders. At Uxbridge House a slate was 
kept in the hall, on which members of the family and 
intimate friends wrote their names, if they felt inclined to 
join the evening dinner-party. The veteran's word was 
law, and one of his grandsons, a comet in the Blues (of 
which the Field-Marshal was Colonel), having had the 
" cheek " one day to pass his lordship without saluting 
him, was placed under arrest, receiving the message, " You 
may cut your grandfather when you like, but by G — d 
you shall salute your Colonel." The story of ready wit 
with which he met a London mob during Queen Caroline's 
trial has been often told. The crowd, which was strongly 
in favour of the Queen, had stopped his horse and refused 
to allow him to proceed, until he cheered for her. " The 
Queen, then," shouted the peer, " and may aU your wives 
be like her ! " and he was at once allowed to pass on by 
the discomfited throng. He had perhaps inherited the dry 
humour of his father, who once dispatched a groom to 
summon back to Beau Desert one of the sons of the house, 
who had just bade farewell to his parents on starting for 
London. The reeking messenger caught up the youth when 
some miles already on the road. Hastily returning, the 
son hurried into his father's presence expecting that some 
urgent business awaited him, but Lord Uxbridge only 
remarked, " Oh, my boy, you forgot to shut my door." 
The Life of the ist Lord Anglesey remains, however, 
to be written. 




Arthur Paget, fresh from Westminster and Christ Church, goes abroad — 
Employed at Petersburg, Berlin, Munich, Palermo, and Vienna — 
Marriages of his brothers and sister — Death of Nelson — Charles 
Paget in command of the Egyptienne and Cambrian — Copenhagen 
capitulates — Sir Arthur's unsuccessful mission to Turkey — His 
three brothers in the Peninsula — Charles appointed to the Revenge 
— Sir Arthur retires from the public service — Lord Paget's suc- 
cesses against the French ..... pp. i — 106 



Sir Arthur and Lady Augusta settle at West Lodge in Cranborne Chase 
— Charles cruising in the Revenge — Edward at the passage of the 
Douro — Berkeley appointed Lord of the Treasury — Establishment 
of the Regency ....... pp. 107 — 152 


Letters from Sir Harry Fetherstone — Charles Paget at home on half-pay 
— The Grand Fete at Carlton House — Lord Uxbridge's failing health 
— Financial apprehensions — Pohtical problems . pp.153 — 231 





Death of Lord Uxbridge — Edward Paget captured by the French — Sir 
Arthur moves to Cowesfield — Charles in command of the Superb — 
Mr. Illingworth's letters from Italy — The Battle of Waterloo — 
Death of Lady Uxbridge — Charles commands the royal yacht 

pp. 232 — 297 



Sir Arthur's last years at Hamble — Brummell's debts — Lady Jersey's 
poUtics — Lord Holland's verses — Lord Anglesey in Italy pp. 298 — 338 


Extracts from Letters and Journal of Hon. Berkeley Paget 

pp. 339—353 

INDEX PP- 355— 364 


The Right Hon. Sir Arthur Paget, G.C.B. Frontispiece 

From a drawing by Sir G. Hayter, by permission of Sir Ealph Paget. 


Henry, ist Earl of Uxbridge 46 

From a water-colour drawing by R. Dighton, 1803, the property of I,ord 

Jane, Countess of Uxbridge 134 

From a drawing dated 1778, belonging to I»ord Hylton. 

Major Hon. Berkeley Paget 204 

From a drawing by Edridge, the property of I,ord Hylton. 

Henry William, ist Marquis of Anglesey, K.G. . 282 
As High Steward at George IV's Coronation. 





Lord Henry FitzGerald ' 

Chapel St., Park Lane, 10 Dec, 1790. 
I HAVE wrote you, my dear Arthur, an angry letter, a 
drunken letter, and now I will sit down to write you what 
you call a gentlemanlike letter. In the first place let me 
acknowledge with many thanks (you deserve them all for 
thinking of me at such a Time) the receipt of yr last few 
lines. Bruxelles must have been in great confusion at the 
time you wrote and to a Stranger interesting to the highest 
degree, by comparing Dates yr letter to me was wrote 
4 days before the Imperial Eagle resumed its Flight at 
Bruxelles, and as I heard by a Letter you wrote Ly Ux- 
bridge that you were detained there, consequently you 
must have been in the midst of a Scene very uncommon 
and extraordinary. As I know you pique yourself upon 

1 Lord Henry FitzGerald, born July 30th, 1761, fourth son of the 
ist Duke of Leinster, at one time an officer in the Guards, and so excellent 
an amateur actor that the fastidious Horace Walpole called him " a prodigy, 
a perfection," married August 4th, 1791, Charlotte Boyle, only child of 
Hon. Robert Boyle-Walsingham, an artistic heiress in whose favour the 
abeyance of the Barony de Ros was determined in 1806. Lord Henry 
played for some years a conspicuous part at the forlorn Court at Kensing- 
ton Palace as the best friend and adviser whom poor Carohne, Princess 
of Wales, ever possessed, " but his lady- wife interfered and prevented 
his continuing to be intimate with the Princess, and then perhaps Lord 
H. himself took fright and was glad to retire before he burnt his fingers 
by taking any part in H.R.H.'s affairs. . . . Lord Henry was such an 
agreeable and gentlemanlike person and he never for one moment forgot 
the respect due to H.R.H. or presumed on her partiality for himself" 
(Diary of a Lady in Waiting, by Lady Charlotte Bury, ii. p. 221). He died 
in 1829. 


being the first Sailor in the World, whatever the reality 
may be, I suppose you now in the same degree consider 
yourself as the first General. Indeed I observe that you 
are fond of being Captain-General wherever you are. By 
the by I am obliged to yr Papa for this observation. I 
breakfasted the other morning with him and Paget and told 
him how angry I was with you for yr wild Project of going 
over to Calais in yr famous Skiff that you talk'd so much 
of. He said, " Oh ! Arthur must be Captain-General 
wherever he is." I owe him so much for this good saying 
that I don't know that I shall ever be able to repay him. 
You know, Arthur, that's true — ain't it now, my Captain- 
General ? 

1 must tell you that I am very sorry we have lost yr 
Brother William for a time. He is gone, or going im- 
mediately, with Despatches to Lord Dunmore at the 
Bahama Islands tho' individually he is a Gainer having 
been made Master and Commander of a fine Sloop, yet 
Society, at least our Society considerably loses for he is a 
most excellent Fellow. . . . Paget is constantly in Leicester- 
shire, indeed that County for that matter is become London, 
for the whole Town seem to be hunting there. However 
business in the House of Commons will bring them up all 
on Monday for which I pity them, as I know nothing equal 
to hunting when one can afford fine horses, but 'tis too 
ruinous for younger Brothers — I was presented in form 
to Lady Uxbridge and was to have dined there next day, 
but a stupid Guard prevented me. There has been only 
one tearing rowing party at the Dss of Gordon's ^ where 
all the world was, since the Town began what's called full 
and damnable. . . . There have been several late days in 
the House of Commons lately relative to producing papers, 
the Convention with Spain, Hastings' * Trial, &c. I have 
mostly attended and have been much pleased with Pitt 
and Fox' speaking, the former as usual carried everything 
with a high hand. . . . 

24 Dec, 1790. 

... I dined yesterday at a grand convert at Uxbridge 

^ Jane, daughter of Sir William Maxwell, wife of Alexander, 4th Duke 
of Gordon, called by Horace Walpole an " empress of fashion," relentless 
in pursuit of husbands for her five daughters, three of whom married 

2 The State trial of Warren Hastings. 

1790-1808] HATFIELD HOUSE 3 

House, where Master and Mistress, Brothers and Sisters 
were all perfect in my eyes. I must not leave out that 
we had the best Dinner in the World. Paget set off at 
9 o'c. to go and hunt the Lord knows where. ... I think 
he seems to flirt with the beautiful Dss of Rutland.^ We 
all go a party to Hatfield next Monday. There is nothing 
like a Country House for forwarding these matters. ... I 
met your Sisters at the Duchess of Gordon's Ball, it was a 
good one, I asked Lady Caroline to dance but she took 
me for a Frenchman and refused, upon which I took up 
with one of yr Friends, the Lady Levesons — the mistake 
occasioned as you may suppose some laughing. 

Lord Henry FitzGerald 

January the 3d, 1791. 

... I am told I dress the Character well of a Man of 
Pleasure. The Scenery Part I know I go thro' with great 
Dexterity and appear as busy a Performer as the best 
of them but the Truth is I am more stupid than I can 
describe. I retum'd a few days ago from Hatfield where 
there was a large Party. It was altogether tolerably 
pleasant. The Dss of R[utland] cut no small figure as 
you may suppose. She and Paget were hard at it the whole 
Time ding dong, but ou nous en sommes I cannot make out 
. . . each one somehow or other seemed afraid of being 
jilted by the other, this I say is foolish, for both being of 
the same mind, a proper understanding ought to ensue. 
The Party consisted of 22 People whose Names it cannot 
be very interesting to you to know, it is therefore sufficient 
to acknowledge that some were pleasant, others dull and 
stupid, I must confess for one that altho' Miss Boyle ' 
to whom the Town have married me was there, I grew 
most excessively tired before three Days were over, and 
had it not been for the Country Sports of Battledore and 
Shuttlecock, the Trou-Madame Table, with the Assistance 
of the Norway Toy, a powerful Auxiliary, I don't know 
how I should have survived my Excursion. Notwithstand- 
ing all this I am actually this day setting out with the Beau 
for Ld Essex' at Cashiobury. I am in hopes that this will 

1 Mary Isabella, daughter of Charles, 4th Duke of Beaufort, and widow 
since 1787 of Charles, 4th Duke of Rutland. 

' Miss Boyle, whom Lord Henry married the following August. 


be a pleasanter business than the other and more in a 
Country Style, for there will be some quiet and a great 
deal of Comfort, which is better than Splendour and Mag- 
nificence which is sure to surfeit. After a little the Evenings 
at Hatfield were like grand London Assemblies, no difference 
that I saw, the Dinners and Suppers like things at Almacks. 
, . . This Town is very empty at present, all good Britons 
making the jolly in the Country. The night before last I 
was at a new English Opera, call'd the Siege of Belgrade 
... it succeeded amazingly well for all Europe contributed 
something, there were Christians, Turks, Cossacks, Battles, 
Sieges, Storming of Forts, whole Seraglios taken and 
ravish'd. Camps pillaged and burnt, in short a little of 
everything that could either produce interest, situation, 
or effect. ... I wish you joy of your Friend Villiers' ^ 
approaching Nuptials with his Cousin, Miss Forbes. Tis 
a Union approved by all parties. Only think what Paget 
has done without my knowledge upon my merely mention- 
ing en passant that I should like to be of Whites, he has 
proposed me and oh ! horrible to tell, I am actually to be 
ballotted for. . . . 

Leinster House, Dublin, 5 Feb., 1791. 
This Town is what is called pleasant, there is a great 
deal going on of one sort or other, but somehow I don't 
take to it. ... I don't know well what I should like. You 
know We are all odd, you never said a truer Word. ... I 
like any Folly but that of being wise. Edward * and I 
have this great Hotel, which used to furnish you with Eggs 
when you were in Ireland, to ourselves none of the Family 
being in Town. We are very snug but trisfe enough at 
times. . . . 

Chapel St., May, 1791. 
. . . Black Charlotte Bertie ' and ChoLmondeley have 
brought Matters to bear. . . . Worcester * and Lady Charlotte 

1 John Charles Villiers, afterwards 3rd Earl of Clarendon, married 
January 3rd, 1791, Maria Eleanor, daughter of Admiral Hon. John Forbes. 

2 His brother, Lord Edward FitzGerald, who met with a miserable 
death in 1798, after having joined the Irish Rebels. 

2 George, 4th Earl of Cholmondeley, married April 25th, 1791, Lady 
Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, daughter of the Duke of Ancaster. 

* Henry, Lord Worcester, afterwards 6th Duke of Beaufort, married 
May i6th, 1791, Lady Charlotte Leveson-Gower, daughter of the ist 
Marquis of Stafford. 

1790-1808] LOVES OF TWO KINDS 5 

Leveson are going to be married, was she not an old Love 
of yours ? Lady Elizabeth Waldegrave ^ and old Lord 
Cardigan are shortly or I rather believe have made one — 
two oaks might as well be twin'd and twisted together as 
such old Casks of [ ? ] coupling to be happy ; one should 
marry young for this, then the Plants would cling lovingly 
and thro' Life thrive together. Strathaven * and Miss 
Cope may expect some comfort. ... I believe I must begin 
to think of marrying too before it is too late. . . . Edward 
goes on in the old Beat running Risks from Morning to 
Night. I live in constant Alarm. . . . Paget and the Dss 
of Rd go on, I hear, as usual. . . . My good Colonel' sets 
out in a day or two for Germany, I believe strait for Berlin. 
He is one of yr true good Fellows ; I have reason for me 
to say so, he has always been friendly and kind to me, 
as such I regret his going, tho' I believe 'tis one of the 
best and wisest things he can do. . . Jack St Leger is 
the only Person that accompanies him, if they are really 
the Friends they think they are, I think their Excursion to 
be envied. 

London, June igih, 1791 
. . . Paget and the Dss go on as usual. Lome and Ly 
Mex., Edward and Mrs. Sheridan * are among the unlawful 
Loves, while among the Lawful ones are myself and Miss 
B., Lambton • and Lady Anne Villiers, Jack Smith and 
Miss Fagniani* and a few others of no great note. Capel 
and your Sister seem to have quite cut. I believe he suffered 
a good deal at first but he seems to have got the better of 
it. All yr family are well, yr Father gone down to Ports- 
mouth with your Brother William, I believe to take a 
sail in the Grand Fleet, it consists of 35 Sail, all ready to 
sail if you would but tell us what to do. . . . 

1 James, Earl of Cardigan, married April 28th, 1791, Lady Elizabeth 

3 George, Lord Strathaven, afterwards gth Marquis of Huntly, married 
April, 1 791, Catherine, daughter of Sir Charles Cope. 

3 Frederick, Duke of York, second son of George III, went to Germany 
this summer, where he married the King of Prussia's eldest daughter 

* The beautiful first wife of Richard Brinsley Sheridan ; she died the 
following year. 

* Wilham Henry Lambton married June 19th, 1791, Lady Anne 
ViUiers, daughter of the 4th Earl of Jersey. 

* • Miss Fagniani married in 1798 Lord Beauchamp, afterwards 3rd 
Marquis of Hertford. 


July x^tb, 1 791. 

, . . This Town begins to thin and I really do not think 
there is the slightest difference in this Month and about 
the same time last year excepting that you are not here to 
make Love to Lady Mex., which Lome does for you. He, 
Damley, Charles Greviile, and my Brother Edward have 
cut off their hair, and are I think Grigs, they mean it should 
be the Fashion but I don't think they will succeed in 
making everybody Parsons. All yr Family are gone to 
Beau Desert last Tuesday. Capel is in black Despair and 
I see still greatly in Love with Lady Caroline tho' they 
have not spoken for a long Time — poor fellow, I pity him. 
Cecilia,^ my Sister, and Chichester's * Match is quite off. 
He neglected her much of late, upon which she wrote him 
a very modest quiet letter putting him off. Edward de- 
livered this Letter to Chichester and was to get back her 
Picture which the noble Lord requested to keep, adding 
he wished to see Cecilia first upon which Edward told him 
he must never think of her again, as it would be adding 
Insult to the rest of his Conduct to mention marrying her 
after the way he had been going on. Edward had a Friend 
with him to hear all that passed that the World might 
know it and very lucky it was, for he got into a Passion 
which probably might have prompted him to violence, 
as it was he only told Lord C. that if he had not been without 
a Friend in the Room, he would have caned him round it. 
Lord Chichester made no Answer but made a low Bow. 
Edward has expected to be called out these last 2 days 
but he has not yet heard. So I suppose the Gentleman is 
satisfied. Did you ever know of such a little Rascal ? 
... I have had some pleasant little Suppers lately, all 5n- 
Friends were at them and they went off merrily enough, 
with all this I do assure you I am tired of the World in 
general and always wish to go to Bed at 12 o'clock if I 
could. I hope yet you and I may have many pleasant 
suppers in our old blackguard Place in Covent Garden. 
How we have laughed, chatted, and made the agreeable in 
our time. . . . 

1 She was his half-sister, a daughter of the Duchess of Leinster by her 
second marriage to \\'^illiam Ogilvy. 

* George Augustus, Viscount Chichester, afterwards 2nd Marquis of 
Donegal, who seems to have cut so poor a figure on this occasion, married 
in 1795 Anna, daughter of Sir Edw. May. 

1790-1808J DUKE OF RUTLAND 7 

[Aug.] 1791. 
... I long to show you this Villa.' I hope we shall 
spend many pleasant days at it together. You will like 
Lady Henry's good sense ; like you I am sure she will, 
for she loves everything I like. . . . 

Paris, Dec. 9, 1791. 
... a stupid quiet Life is all I desire and look forward 
to, between you and I I believe I shall soon quit my Pro- 
fession, you will cry out at this but my answer is that I 
have no Ambition. ... I am here for a short time not to 
amuse myself but to show the World d la meilleure des 
personnes who never having been out of England had 
contracted Prejudices that a Woman of Sense should be 
unacquainted with. A Person may love their own Country 
but they will be unhappy when married to a Traveller 
which I mean to be, if they found nothing tolerable out 
of it. . . , The Duchess and the Lord of P[aget] go on still 
but they contrive to make each other wretched instead of 
happy. This I told you once before but you wd not believe 
me. . . . 

H. F. 

Duke of Rutland * 

Trin. Coll. [Cambridge], May 10th, 1796. 

" It rains, it haUs, it blows. 
We can't go out to-day." 

" It is an ill wind," my dear Arthur, " that blows nobody 
any good," is a very old saying. And yet it would be 
the height of presumption to attach any, the least value 
to a letter from me, when I am obliged to preamble my 
epistle by saying I have nothing to say ! ! But next to 
Imowing nothing myself is ye satisfaction of knowing that 
nobody knows more, in this stupid place at least. The 
principal object of my letter is to assure you of the many 
obligations I owe you for the very friendly & entertaining 
letter you sent me a few days ago. It should have been 
answered ere this, but I had not a single subject on which 

1 Boyle Farm, Thames Ditton. 

' The three following boyish letters were written by John Henry, 5th 
Duke of Rutland, born January 4th, 1778, who succeeded his father 
October 24th, 1787. 


to address you, & you know ex nihilo nihil fit. You astonish 
me by your account of the gaieties going forward in London. 
I shall return thither about the beginning of June for 
about a fortnight, and take another peep at the fair ladies 
of yr metropolis, whose society I shall have missed so 
long, & looked forward to so impatiently. 

I have fresh accounts daily of the good looks of ye little 
Countess. The baronet is I hear more agreeable than 
ever, & is to give a grand dinner to her to-day. You 
must have great discernment to see any amour propre 
rising in my breast on his account, I cannot say I feel it 
myself, nor is he the man of all others, who would give 
me a moment's uneasiness on that score. I certainly think 
her a charming little woman, but as for love, c'est un petit 
diahle dont je me moque ! Prince William ^ left this place 
to-day after having been here since Saturday. He took 
ye degree of LL.D. yesterday, in order it is said that should 
an opportunity offer, he may be elected vice-chancellor, I 
was obliged to act ye courtier which was quite a new character 
for me to appear in, & I am afraid I was not quite au fait 
in my part. I was in his company yesterday (excepting 
a single half-hour in ye middle of ye day) from eleven 
in the morning till twelve at night, which was I think a 
pretty tolerable dose of his royal highness' company. 
Is it true that Templetown ' is going to marry Ly Mary 
Montague ? In a short time I suppose matches and 
marriages, the produce of ye season, will be budding very 
fast. Our affairs in Italy are I am afraid at a very low 
ebb. What can prevent ye French from overrunning all 
that fertile country I cannot imagine. I trust some diver- 
sion will be made on ye Rhine, or I shall not know what 
to say to our prospect. But though it rains at Cambridge, 
ye sun may still shine in London, & you may wish to go 
out, I will therefore release you from any farther trouble 
by only adding that I remain with ye greatest sincerity 
& truth — Yours etc. 


Remember me to all my friends, not forgetting ye 

1 Prince William (afterwards 2nd and last Duke) of Gloucester, nicknamed 
" Silly Billy." 

2 The ist Viscount Templetown married, August 7th, 1796, Lady 
Mary Montagu, daughter of John, 5th Earl of Sandwich. 

1790-1808] A RUSSIAN SHIP 9 

Duke of Rutland 

Lincoln, July 25th, '96. 

My Dear Arthur, — My mother ^ communicated to me 
before my departure from London the obHging and flattering 
request you desired she would transmit to me — that I 
would write to you now and then while on my tour. . . . 
As yet we have been pottering about in the flats of Norfolk, 
and have scarcely commenced the interesting parts of our 
tour. Culling Smith has his curricle, and I take a post- 
chaise, and my own saddle-horses, so that we are never 
in want of a conveyance. The day after to-morrow we 
intend to reach Hull, where we expect to be joined by 
a fourth person, who will continue with us during the 
rest of the time. From Hull we shall proceed to Scar- 
borough (where I am to have a little to do with the corpora- 
tion) and from thence through Durham etc. to Edinburgh. 
Our plan is to make the short tour of the Highlands, and 
come down from Inverary (where I shall probably see 
Lome) to Glasgow. We shall return by the lakes to 
Lancaster, and cross over to York and Leeds, where I 
shall take a peep at Methley, and its valuable little contents. 
This is briefly the outline of our expedition ; to delineate 
it accurately in a letter would be an impossibility ; you 
may however depend upon hearing from me, provided 
you do not repent of your request already. We were very 
much gratified at Yarmouth by finding all Macbride's 
squadron at anchor. We went on board a Russian ship 
of the line (taken from the Swedes last war), and com- 
manded by a Son of the famous Admiral Tchzittigoff. It 
was a remarkably fine ship, and full of very fine fellows ; 
they had lately taken a prize worth £16,000, and were 
going on another cruize. Indeed before we got on shore 
again, the Admiral gave the signal for unmooring, and 
the fleet was preparing to sail when we came away. A 
small French privateer had ventured close in to the shore 
at Lowestoft and captured a small sloop. An armed brig 
was immediately sent after them, and might easily have 
retaken the sloop but chusing to chase the privateer she 

1 The Duchess Mary Isabella, whom at one time Lord Paget, and at 
another, his brother. Sir Arthur, were each said to be anxious to marry. 
Horace Walpole says that Lord Uxbridge forbade his eldest son to marry 


lost them both. You must have seen in the papers an 
account of TroUope's brilliant action, it would be only a 
repetition of the same news were I to say anything about 
it. We are now just arrived at Lincoln, and to-morrow 
morning intend to mount the cathedral steeple in order to 
get a view at Belvoir, which I understand is possible. I 
trust we shall all meet again next winter there, and have 
as pleasant a party. As I was coming along to-day, I 
heard of Ld Holland,^ and Ly Webster, who are at present 
in disguise at Peterborough, They have changed their 
names, and scarcely ever appear. However I saw a person 
who discovered them. We spent a pleasant day at Mr. 
Coke's in Norfolk, which is a very fine place. Ld and 
Ly Andover,' the newly married couple, were there, and 
seemingly have played their part d merveille. ... I am 
your faithful and affte friend, 


Duke of Rutland 

Litchfield, Octr. 26, '96. 

My Dear Arthur, — Your agreeable and extremely 
acceptable letter would most certainly have received an 
earlier answer, but owing to a strange and unexpected 
delay in our reaching Carlisle, it did not catch me till the 
week before last when I thought it best to defer answering 
it till I had seen the little Countess.' She is so uncom- 
monly pleasant, attentive and entertaining when mattresse 
de ceremonies in her own house that during my stay there 
I found it impossible to gain a spare moment and this 
must account for the length of time that has elapsed since 
you wrote your letter. Believe me however your goodness 
has not been lost upon me, and the kind and friendly 
manner in which you wrote enhances the value of your 
acquaintance, and with my whole soul I return you my 
sincerest thanks for your expressions of friendship. It 
was not till last Friday that we reached Methley at dinner. 
We found there the Dowager Ly Mexbro',* her two sons, 

1 Henry, 3rd Lord Holland, married July 2nd, 1 797, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Richard Vassall, the divorced wife of Sir Godfrey Webster. 

2 Charles, Viscount And over, married June 21st, 1796, Mr. Coke's 
daughter Jane. 

3 EUzabeth, wife of John, 2nd Earl of Mexborough. 
* Sarah, widow of the ist Earl. 

1790-1808] PARTY AT METHLEY 11 

Harpur, and a Mr Casamajor. The house is a most capital 
one and the drawing and dining rooms the two largest 
and best rooms I ever saw. On Saturday the little woman 
rode over with us to Temple Newsam ^ and shewed us the 
lions there, and on Sunday Smith drove her over to Mrs 
Bland's (about 6 miles) in his curricle, and after staying 
there three hours, I insisted upon supplanting him and 
taking the whip hand. I own myself in the wrong in this 
particular, as, for the selfish wish of enjoying her company, 
I hazarded her neck and safety. The road was beyond 
aU description or imagination bad, and I had never driven 
a curricle above once before. She took the reins herself 
after I had steered through the bad road and drove the 
rest of the way. Never did I see a more interesting little 
figure than she was on that day, or a more pleasant and 
lively companion. In short, had it been possible, I could 
have almost worshipped her. On Sunday evening late 
Sir Henry Vane arrived, which addition of course made a 
great bustle throughout. He has lately been in a most 
terrible row at Doncaster, where he was concerned in 
beating a man of the name of Baker, and treating him 
very ill. The particulars I will tell you when we meet, 
but though he certainly has been to blame I do not however 
think him so very bad as most people do in this affair. 
He set off again on Monday morning, and about an hour 
after we all started, the Countess riding with us as far as 
Wakefield. She would have rode twelve miles farther, 
but was forced to be early at dinner. She desired me to 
tell you that if you will come to Methley she will refuse 
you nothing you can ask, and that you shall have as large 

a wineglass as you like it would be needless to attempt 

an account of all our proceedings since my last. Our 
intention is to be at Southampton on Tuesday at latest, 
and I hope very much that you will contrive to come 
down while I am there, as really and truly I have reckoned 
so much on the pleasure of seeing you, that I do not know 
with what face I shall bear a disappointment — the kind- 
ness and hospitality of the people of Scotland has been 
the cause of our protraction in the tour, but we have now 
given over sight-seeing, and are as anxious to be again 
quiet, as we were three months ago to be in motion. Smith 

^ Then the seat of the Marchioness of Hertford, co-heir of Viscount 


left us this morning, and another of the party leaves us 
to-morrow. All my horses I sent from Methley to Cheveley 
either blind or lame, but I have ordered the little brown 
hack I bought of your brother to go to Southampton. 
As you say I should not conceive a visit to the court of 
Spain at this moment would be very agreable, nor do I 
think it extraordinary in you to wish to avoid it. The 
present juncture of affairs is extremely important. We 
all look most anxiously to the event of Ld Malmesbury's ^ 
mission, but I confess I should bet on its failure. Of the 
five leading men on the Directory in Paris, three are for 
war, and two for peace. The latter will therefore of course 
be overruled by the former. A change of them is to take 
place in March next and others will most probably have 
the lead in their stead, who will then conclude a peace 
agreably to the wishes of the Parisians. Should an attack 
be meditated on this country, (which however I think 
will scarcely happen after the glorious successes of the 
Austrians) I should hope that every nerve will be stretched. 
Britons on their own ground will I am sure fight like inspired 
dragons, nor have I the least fear — the intention you have 
of not coming into Leicestershire is I trust wholly ground- 
less. As for horses I have as yet not one myself but I 
intend to procure some previous to that period. We will 
be very jolly at Belvoir, and I will be bound to show you 
some sport, barring bad weather. The little luminary 
of Methley has promised to come to [ ? Grantham] Hotel. 
Most probably shall see her flying over the post and rails 
in the vale of Belvoir. The vale is. only 66 miles from 
Methley so that she is with us in a very few hours. Most 
truly and faithfully yours, 


Mr. W. Garthshore * 

Wimbledon, 26 Oct., 1798. 

My Dearest Arthur, — . . . The defeat of the Brest 
fleet has of course given a new spirit to ministers — indeed 
to say the truth, our situation is now really proud — & we 

1 Lord Malmesbury was sent to discuss terms of peace with the French 
Directory, but the negotiations failed. 

2 WilUara Garthshore, M.P. for Weymouth and in 1801 one of the 
Lords of the Admiralty, was one of the habituSs of Uxbridge House, and 
a great ally of the Paget brothers, whom he called " you varlets." 


shall, I presume, hold a very high language in both Houses 
of Parliament. Darnley moves the address and I hope 
will do it well. Charles has (as you will have heard) at 
last got the Brilliant. I mention it only to mark the 
singularity of your father. He came down here to me 
to show me the Letter, as kind a one as I ever saw, from 
Ld Spencer,^ who said he was happy in an arrangement 
which enabled him to procure a permanent situation for 
Capt. Paget. And would you believe that upon that 
unfortunate word yr father had tortured his imagination 
till he had ahnost persuaded himself that Ld Spencer meant 
by permanent that Charles should always remain in the 
Brilliant and never have any other ship — by the by if it 
were so I do not see the great hardship — but I think it is 
upon the whole the best interpretation I ever yet met with 
by any Commentator, antient or modern. I hope none of 
yr Dispatches will be submitted to such an investigation — 
he would have made an able negotiator, the devil a word 
wd have slipped by him — this is all entre nous remember, 
we sometimes talk treason. I shall finish as to him by 
telling you he is now determined not to quit Wales which 
he had intended — from some political cloud. 

Everybody is full of the idea of a Union with Ireland,' 
which will not however I suspect, be brought on in so 
vast a hurry as people seem to think here ; the Chancellor 
of Ireland is violent for it but even he does not I believe 
think that it ought to be carried through immediately. 

I hope you hold your head very high with the Tedescos ' 
upon our late brilliant actions — why the devil were not 
you and I Captains of Frigates ? Do not forget if you 
love me to send me a Gotha Almanack. 

W. G. 

Mr. Garthshore 

Man. Square, March 8, 1799. 

... I dined at Uxbridge House yesterday — indeed I 
am there very frequently — they are all weU — your Sister 
Louisa is condemned to the country, as you know probably, 
d cause du Colonel Erskine — at least I apprehend she wiU 

^ George John, 2nd Earl Spencer, then ist Lord of the Admiralty. 
' The Union was effected within two years. 

3 Arthur Paget was appointed Minister to the Elector of Bavaria in 
1798, transferred to Palermo in iSoo, and to Vienna in 1801. 


not be much in Town, while he remains — d — n that love 
— how it deranges everything. . . . 

W. G. 
Sir J. McMahon 

Saturday night, i o'clock [? 1803]. 


I am but this instant returned home, when I found your 
note. Knowing as I do, my dear Sir, your sincere attach- 
ment to the Prince I can have no secrets from you. Be 
assured he is himself again ; but most certainly he has 
escaped one of the most severe illnesses that ever yet visited 
him, for he was in a state of extreme doubt, not danger, 
for two days. He had not been well for some days before 
the fete he gave at Brighton ' on the Queen's birthday, 
and an unlucky attempt at conquest over the D. of Norfolk 
ripened his indisposition. He was bled four times, and 
had copious evacuations. These with profuse perspirations 
reduced, thank Heaven, his fever, and has positively sub- 
dued the malady, for his pulse was brought to the degree 
precisely that you could wish, and excepting the weakness 
that you will readily suppose might arise from severe 
medical discipline, he is actually better than he has been 
for months, nay years. This, believe me, is the actual 
truth. Being on this subject, I have one thing to submit 
to you with unfeigned sincerity. I know the Prince has 
always loved, and thought affectionately of you. Illness 
has in a degree at this moment subdued him, and I would, 
with love for him, and friendship towards you, venture to 
suggest (what I have no doubt your mind may have already 
anticipated) how happy and consoling it would be to his 
feelings to receive a few lines of tenderness, and regard 
from you on his recovery, for I am positive his heart beats 
with unalterable feeling for you. I could have heartily 
wished to speak to you on this subject, but as I presume 
you are on the eve of departure,* I may not have that 
satisfaction, therefore I will only add that no man can 
wish you more happiness than, my dear Sir, yours most 

J. McMahon.' 

1 See Creevey's Correspondence for H.R.H.'s excessive hospitality at 
the Brighton Pavilion at this period. 

■ Arthur Paget was in England on leave in the autumn of 1803. 

• Sir J. McMahon was many years private secretary to the Prince 

1790-1808] OATLANDS 15 

Capt. Hon. Berkeley Paget 

Oatlands, Sunday {Autumn of 1803]. 

My Dear Arthur, — The Dutchess of York * has desired 
me to invite you to Oatlands next Sunday. I prythee 
come, good Horatio, and deign to partake of the cheer. 
The revelry now hath begun. Her R.H., thinking you was 
at Windsor, had desired me to send to you to come here 
to-day, but I told her you was going into Sussex' and 
would do no such thing. . . . Pretty blow up if you had 
come here, Caroline in arms, and perhaps two or three 
Children in her arms blowing up Oatlands. " I'll blow 
up, Old Day." . . . Commend me to my kindred at Holm 
Bush. I could say how very sorry I am not to be there 
but Caroline would not believe me, she never does. If I 
can go from hence to H. B. on Tuesday, I will. Fare thee 
well, good Horatio ! Thine for ever, 


One had one's Music here last night tiU three o'clock this 

George BrummeW 

SOUTHALL, 14 Sept. [1803]. 

My Dear Arthur, — I must beg to remind you of your 
promise to go to Oatlands on Saturday next. Arthur 
Upton, Berkeley, Bill Northey, and self — Fetherstone is 
to be in Town Friday, and I will insist upon his addition 
to the party. 

of Wales (George IV), whilst Sir Arthur, as well as all the other Paget 
brothers, belonged to the " Carlton House set " at this time ; see The 
Paget Papers for the prince's assurances of undying affection for Sir 
Arthur Paget. McMahon left Court in 1817, and died the following 
year. Mr. Knighton, his executor, then handed over to the Regent 
McMahon's papers, which H.R.H. was anxious to suppress, and Knighton's 
subsequent ascendency dating from this event lasted until the death of 
George IV. 

1 Berkeley Paget was now one of the aides-de-camp to the Duke of 
York, Commander-in-Chief. 

2 To visit Mr. and Lady Carohne Capel at Holm Bush. 

3 The once notorious Beau Brummell, whose father, having been 
private secretary to Lord North, the Prime Minister, was able to bequeath 
a fair fortune to each of his children. George, after an education at 
Eton, was appointed a cornet in the loth Hussars, the regiment com- 
manded by the Prince of Wales, who was soon taken with the good looks, 
the inimitable clothes, and the ineffable manners of the Beau, to be in 


I cannot resist just mentioning the excellence of Kemble 
and Mrs Siddons in Macbeth Monday last — I really never 
saw them act so well. He was only a minute and 1/2 
shaking his bloody hands, and getting out " this is a sorry 
sight." Box entirely to myself — snuff and legs upon chair. 
Bad way of enjoying Play, especially as the whole House 
was groaning with heat and want of room ? It would be 
paying but a poor compliment to those perfect people, 
who are with you, to suppose that you would come to 
Town on Friday, dine at 5, and be with Isabella at 1/2 
past six (Mrs Siddons I mean, not the Old Dss.).^ Perhaps 
indeed you may have a little more business to transact 
in Town ; if so, pray let it be done on Friday morning, 
and we may then dedicate the Evening to Play, and pro- 
ceed together to Oatlands on the following day. Let me 
know in short whether you really intend going there Satur- 

I am this moment for Lincoln's Inn and shall on my 
return take a survey of all the Old Shops for a bit of good 
Japan for you. Yours ever most sincerely, 

\ I George Brummell. 

Not a syllable of news to-day excepting a revolution at 
Botany Bay. 

Lady Paget 

Wretham,2 1803 [?]. 

Many thanks to you, my dearest Arthur, for both yr 
letters. ... I am glad to hear that you and the Prince have 
made up your Quarrels for his sake and if he had a few 
more such gentlemanly friends it would be better for him. 
I hope he will tell you what he means to do with Maria ' 
and I desire I may know. I must also ask you a little 
family news, is what I see in the Papers true that Ld 

favour with whom " was alone enough to make a man of fashion at that 
time," as Lord Byron told Captain Medwin. For a few years the Prince 
and he lived on terms of great intimacy, but Brummell being suspected 
after a time of laughing at H.R.H., the latter dropped him, the Beau fell 
on evil days, and debt compelled him to fly from England. Sir Arthur 
Paget was among the few old friends who remained faithful to Brummell 
in adversity. 

1 Mary Isabella, Duchess of Rutland. 

» A place in Suffolk rented by Lord Paget during his command of a 
Brigade at Ipswich. 3 Mrs. Fitzherbert. 

1790-1808] PAGET AS PEACE- MAKER 17 

Lorn ^ is going to be married- — what will become of us all 
if it is ? Anne ' keeps her Affairs very secret, for she never 
tells me one word of her dinners and suppers or who she 
ever sees. . . . Your affecte 


Countess of Uxbridge 

London, Fehry. 28th, 1804. 

My Dearest Arthur, — My dependence on your receiving 
long and pleasant letters from Spring Gardens^ makes 
me the less annoyed at the shortness and stupidity of 
mine. Lord Malmesbury tells me I must make up my 
Mind to not hearing from you for ten days more. . . . 

The King, thank God, mends progressively.* A speedy 
recovery must not be expected but the faculty are perfectly 
satisfied. Something was said upon the Subject in the 
house of Commons last night, when Pitt, I understand, 
moved for an Adjournment, they were left sitting at 2 
o'clock this Morning, and as I am going to Holtham, I 
shall not have an Opportunity of sending you any par- 
ticulars. You will be happy to hear Paget has brought 
about a complete reconciliation ^ between the P. [Prince 
of Wales] and the D. of Y. [York] and they both thanked 
him most cordially for having effected it. . . . 

Countess of Uxbridge 

London, March 10th, 1804. 

My Dearest Arthur, — Mr Stuart's Servant having 
call'd to say he sets out for Vienna to morrow, I cannot let 

1 George William, 6th Duke of Argyll, born 1768, a friend from boy- 
hood of the Pagets and Villiers, but a man with nothing in his favour 
except remarkably good looks, selfish and extravagant. He was Lord 
Steward, 1 833-1 839, dying in the latter year, leaving a deeply encumbered 
estate to his successor. 

2 Lady Anne VilUers, second daughter of the 4th Earl of Jersey, married, 
first, WilUam Henry Lambton, who died 1797; and secondly, in 1801, 
Hon. Charles Wyndham, brother of the Earl of Egremont. 

3 I.e. from Lady Catherine Harris, eldest daughter of the ist Earl of 
Malmesbury ; there was a kind of engagement between her and Arthur 
Paget, but it was broken off and she married a Colonel Bell. 

* The King's mind had been affected since the month of January. 

' " The breach of harmony between them was patched up . . . by Lord 
Paget, who mediated between them with great good sense." — Diaries of 
the 1st Earl of Malmesbury, iv. 292. 

i8 CAPEL'S DEBTS [ch. i 

such an opportunity pass without writmg you a few lines. 
I wish they could be more cheerful ones, but I have not 
the talent of concealing my feelings, and must fairly own 
to you my heart is almost broke upon a subject that you 
are no Stranger to, tho' you are to the Extent, and dreadful 
Consequences that must ensue. You had not left this 
Country many days before I was made acquainted by 
Lady Essex and her Lawyer of the Magnitude of the debt,' 
amounting (I tremble to name it) to £20,000. Neither Ways 
or Means to be found to discharge craving Creditors &c. 
Lord E. offers something upon conditions of his own, that 
at present Caroline won't listen to. In short nothing 
can be more dreadful. According to my opinion no body 
has a right to persuade and dictate plans, that has been the 
sole cause of all the misery entailed upon himself and 
innocent family : forgive me, my dear Arthur, for so long 
dwelling upon this painful subject, but it is nearest my 
heart, I wdll make you amends for it by assuring you 
that our beloved King is daily gaining health & strength ; 
he might have gone out two days ago, but his game of 
Chess occupied him till it was too late. The Queen & 
Princesses (the elder ones) have been an airing to day, 
this is another & the best proof of the King's amendment. 
Poor Princesses Sophia & Amelia have been extremely 
ill. I own I tremble for the fate of the latter, whose health 
appears daily to decline, and the poor dear Queen and 
in short all of them have been very iU. I have been out 
but once except to Lord Malmesbury's, so know nothing 
that is passing in the World, except the reports from Paris ; 
it is dreadful to think of Moreau's ^ being taken, and great 
apprehensions are felt on account of Pichegru but of course 
you know more of all these things than I do. I grow most 
anxious to hear of you again. The weather has been so 
Moderate here that we have reason to hope the remainder 
of your Voyage has been prosperous. We have just heard 
from Charles, off Ferrol March 3d all well, but had taken 
no Prizes, he is longing for a Spanish war, I hope he will 
come in first to refit, for he is stiU without his Top Masts 
&c. Lord Malmesbury went to Park Place yesterday, 
& on Monday goes to Cirencester, & returns here the Friday 
following with dear Lady Catherine. Your departure has 

1 The debts of Hon. John Capel, husband of her daughter Caroline. 
* In connection with a plot to restore the Bourbons. 

1790-1808] FAMILY AILMENTS 19 

made people cease talking, & the Papers assure us there 
is no truth in the report. Your Father is at Ipswich with 
Paget, he will be very sorry to lose this opportunity of 
writing to you. I hope somebody does so besides 
myself for your sake. When Lady Catherine comes you 
shall be saved the trouble of my stupid letters, and I 
will give my eyes rest; they are terribly painful now, 
owing to bad nights, Nerves, &c. Charlotte lost Mrs 
Robinson's pleasant Ball by a bad cold, and I by bad 
spirits. Your Father to the surprise of every body 
attended it. It was to shew his attention to the family. 
Lady Paget, Charlotte, George & Berkeley send you their 
kindest love. Lord Camelford is still alive. God bless 
you. I am. My dearest Arthur, your most truly Affec- 
tionate Mother, 


Lady Louisa Erskine to Countess of Uxbridge 

Mallow, 18 March, 1804. 

A thousand thousand thanks, my dearest Mama, for your 
dear letter which is indeed most sweet & has made us all 
perfectly happy about the dear, dear. King. I long to 
hear that you have seen the Queen & Princesses. One 
shudders to think of what they have gone through. It 
will be a great satisfaction to hear from you that they have 
not suffered in their health by it. 

. . . Independent of your desire, my dear Mama, I shd 
have sent your letter to Edward. I see you are not aware 
of their value & of the very great delight we take in them. 
I assure you that whichever of us has the happiness of 
receiving one immediately dispatches a Special Messenger 
off with it for the perusal of the other. Since you desire 
to know truly how I do, my dearest Mama, I shall give you 
a Journal, not only of myself but of others. . . . For myself 
I have not been a day well these two months and have 
only been twice out in three weeks having had a dreadful 
Cold with pain on my breast & so much pain in my eyes 
that I was quite alarmed as it is very common here to 
lose one of your eyes after such a Cold. Thank God my 
dearest Jamie has hitherto escaped but not so poor Edward, 
who has never been without a sore Throat since the first 
week of his arrival. . . . This certainly is a most extra- 


ordinary Climate. I beg as a favour whoever writes him 
will upon no account say a word of his Throat, or I shall 
get into a scrape, for he does not like enquiries. We none 
of us wish to move except to go to England. . . . Herbert 
& Mrs Stepney are coming to us soon for a Day or two 
& I am in hopes my Aunt Charlotte & Major Armstrong 
will meet them. 

I expect poor little Loui will come down one morning 
without a Nose. She had a Mouse in her bed last night 
& they run over our Bed every night, the House tho' quite 
new swarms with them. Everything we eat smells of 
them. They not only eat our food but devour my Gowns 
&c also & what has annoyed Jamie beyond description 
is their having gnawed away part of the Comb you gave 
him. This is a sad grievance. . . . We write in duty & 
affection to my dearest Papa & your own dear self. Ever 
your most devoted & truly affecte Daughter, 

Louisa Erskine. 

Earl of Uxbridge 

London, March 20th, 1804, 

My Dear Arthur, — I am extremely obliged to you for 
your very interesting, but dreadful, account of your voyage 
to Heligoland. I am not surprised that you abhor the 
sea, you have hitherto been so unfortunate in your trips 
— for some days we have been in a very anxious worrying 
state, but your letter has relieved us — what has happened, 
I hope, will be a useful lesson, and discourage you in future 
from defying the elements. Poor dear Lady Catherine 
was dreadfully low till your letter relieved her. I saw her 
for only a moment yesterday, looking very well, but very 
interesting — she is a charming creature. 

The Duke of Roxburgh & Lord Alvanley died within 
these few days. The King was so partially attached to 
the Duke, that it will hurt him, when he comes to hear it ; 
Lord A. was a very well-known character. 

Our dear and best of King's health is daily improving, 
and I trust in God we shall see him at Windsor again ere 
long. To-day's bulletin I have not seen, but that of 
yesterday rvms thus ; " His Majesty is materially better, 
and is far advanced in recovery." 


Somebody of course has told you of Jane having another 
daughter, and I have just heard that she is going on as well 
as possible. Mary comes next ; she is so well, and in 
such spirits, that I should think she will make short work 
of it. Lady Paget returns to Wretham to-morrow, where 
Paget is to meet her. I have paid my visit at Ipswich. 

This morning, on a consultation with Mr. Knight, the 
Surgeon, Capt. Berkeley Paget is declared to have as 
fine a shining fit of the gout as possible, and I am going 
to the Duke of York to report him unfit for duty. I saw 
the Prince and Duke of Cambridge at the Opera last Satur- 
day ; this would not have been the case, if the King had 
not been materially better. 

Your mother sends her best love. 

I am, my dear Arthur, more affectionately yours than 
you think I am, 


Countess of Uxbndge 

London, April 2nd, 1804. 

My Dearest Arthur, — It is some time since I had the 
pleasure of writing to you, but you are ever in my thoughts, 
and the prospect of your approaching happiness gives 
me very different sensations from what I have been accus- 
tomed to feel about you ; the more I see of that dear soul,^ 
the more I am enchanted with her. Lord Garlics met her 
at dinner here the other day, his Observation was that she 
is the Choice of a sensible Man, he thinks her quite delight- 
ful. She is recovering her looks, and is sitting for her 
Picture, which I hope Mrs. Mee will do justice to and give 
her own expression of countenance, and not her fantastic 
one, . . . she has just finished a picture of Mary,' so lan- 
guishing and dying, that I cannot bear it. How constantly, 
my dear Arthur, your ill luck pursues you at sea ! no body 
but yourself, I believe, had ever such an unpropitious 
passage from Heligoland to Husum. I hope in another 
week we shall hear of your safe arrival at Vienna. It is 
very extraordinary that there are no accounts whatever 
from Paris, I tremble for the fate of the poor people there. 
I have not had courage to send to poor Baron de Rolle 

1 Lady Catherine Harris. 2 Lady Graves. 


to come here, he is so wretchedly out of spirits. This 
certainly is not a good reason, nor do I plead it as such, 
the truth is my own are so bad, that I have been very 
deficient to my friends lately. One of my former letters 
to you has too fully explained the Cause. Charlotte is gone 
for ten days to make poor dear Caroline a Visit, and your 
Father and I go to Windsor to Morrow. Berkeley is 
released from his confinement. As every thing that relates 
to little Louisa must be interesting to you, I send under 
another Cover a letter I received from Mallow a few days 
ago. The Duke of York confirms the report of Genl 
Erskine's soon coming to England, so I hope you will find 
that charming little Creature here when you return. . . . 
Jane and her Daughter are going on well. Lady Paget 
is returned to Wretham. I hope when you have a Daughter, 
you will not Christen it Agnes. ^ Jane intends to call hers 
Helen, which is almost as bad. . . . 

Hon. Henry Pierrepont * 

Berlin, 8 May, 1804. 
My Dear Arthur, — . . . Everything seemed to conspire 
at once against the Govt and I confess I came away with 
the opinion, which was indeed the universal one that 
prevailed, that the next day might produce a change which 
must I think have been effected by this time. Ld Hawkes- 
bury seemed quite beat & so in truth did the Doctor whom 
I saw the day I left London, the former told me he expected 
the Minority would divide 80 in the Hse of Lords. The 
general idea was that Fox would come in as Secy of State, 
to Pitt as Minister, but how will they then provide for their 
numerous adherents as well as satisfy the Grenvilles and 

1 The youngest daughter of Lord and Lady Paget, who married in 
1829 Captain George Stevens Byng, afterwards 2nd Earl of Strafford. 

* Hon. Henry Manvers Pierrepont, born 1780 (younger son of ist 
Earl Manvers), a diplomatist. His information of the state of affairs 
at home, as detailed in this letter, was wonderfully accurate (see Tomline's 
Life of Pitt, iii. 1G5). Addington, " the Doctor," resigned April 29th. 
Pitt, though anxious to include Fox and the Grenvilles in his new Cabinet, 
was compelled out of consideration for the King, who had really not 
recovered from his mental attack, to withdraw Fox's name when His 
Majesty refused his assent. Thereupon the Grenvilles decUned to co- 
operate, Pitt was obliged to take six of Addington's ministers into the 
Cabinet, instead of forming a National Government — and at the end 
of the year Addington himself, created Viscount Sidmouth, rejoined the 
Ministry as President of the Council. 

1790-1808] STATE OF THE KING 23 

their friends is more than I can conceive possible, or indeed 
is it probable that any coalition between two persons 
coming in upon such opposite principles as Pitt & Fox 
shd last a year, but this event if it takes place will probably 
tend to remove every single member of the present Govt. 
The next question then is the state of the poor King, who 
depend upon it, although able to converse rationally & to 
sign a very few papers, is so much reduced by his late illness 
& is so completely debilitated that his recovery is very 
doubtful & his situation very inadequate to support the 
shock of so general a change of Govt, he wd probably 
therefore relapse into his former unhappy state & a Regency 
would be the natural consequence & would equally tend 
to produce a change of Govt. All this may be materially 
changed since the 25th of last month but at that time 
things were as I state them, & I believe you know me well 
enough to be aware that I do not write you the mere 
nonsense of the day, but that I had an opportunity of 
enquiring pretty minutely into the accuracy of my state- 
ments. To corroborate what I have said of the poor King 
it is only necessary to inform you that Simmonds ^ and 
his people have never quitted Buckm House. . . . 

So much for our internal concerns. I will now tell you 
the little I have to state previous to my leaving London 
of what was going on in the v/orld — the town began to fill 
& was become most extremely pleasant which added to 
the circumstances I have just stated made me perfectly 
uninclined to quit it as you may well imagine. One's Stafford, 
one's Chas : Greville, one's Beaufort & one's Bath, Binnies, 
bad dinners & bad operas contrived to make the time glide 
away. The night before I left London Villiers ' announced 
his marriage to me in confidence & two days afterwards 
it was publicly announced. What will surprize you a 

1 Dr. Symonds was called in to attend the King about the middle 
of February, His Majesty having conceived a strong dislike to the Willises, 
under whose care he had recovered three years before. Lady Uxbridge, 
whose intimacy with the Queen and Princesses gave her good opportunity 
of learning the truth, told Lord Malmesbury that Symonds was " an 
unfit man " and the Willises far superior in their management of the King. 
Lord Uxbridge confirmed this view. — Diaries of isi Earl of Malmesbury, 
iv. 318-320. 

• Viscount ViUiers, afterwards 5th Earl of Jersey, married. May 23rd, 
1804, Lady Sarah Sophia Fane, heiress of her grandfather Robert Child, 
the banker. Lord Granville Leveson-Gower had been courting her (see 
bis Correspondence, i. 454). 

24 COMMISSIONS [ch. i 

little is that although he had some reason to expect it for 
a short time before, he was not told of it till the whole 
thing was arranged, the clothes of the lady in some measure 
bought & the settlements put in a state of arrangement. 
Is this a handsome manner of treating a man after three 
years of slavery ? . . . 

Henry Pierrepont. 

Earl of Uxbridge 

Plas Newydd, 6th Nov., 1804. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . You have made your Mother 
and Charlotte a handsome present each, but you seem to 
have forgot that I gave you a commission for some china. 
If you will undertake to send me the handsomest possible 
veil or two, a Gown, and some fans you will lay me under 
a considerable obligation. You may draw upon Drum- 
mond for the Damage, and they shall have previous orders 
to honor your Draft. As I mean to return to Windsor 
before New Year's day, I hope to hear of their arrival 
at Ux. House by the 25th Deer. 

Your little Lou ^ is the most engaging, sensible, and 
beautiful baby I ever saw ; she and the Erskines are 
now with us. I believe I like her the more for being so 
very like you. You must take care of yourself, or you 
may be served as Sir Thomas [sic] Rumbold^ has. I am 
full of Admiration, or rather astonishment at Bonaparte's 
Effrontery. As long as Europe will endure it, he is right 
to play his Game — fie for Shame ! I know your Mother 
writes to you, so I say nothing of her or Charlotte. Yours 
most affectly, 


I wish you could engage me a thorough good what is 
call'd a double-tongued Trumpeter.^ I will go as far as 
4 or 5s. a day, if he will enlist for 7 yrs. 

Capt. Hon. Berkeley Paget 

London, loth December, 1804. 

My Dear Arthur, — Many many thanks for a most 

1 This child, a natural daughter of Sir A. P., was adopted and brought 
up by his sister. Lady Louisa Erskine. 

2 Sir George Rumbold, British Minister at Hamburg, had been kid- 
napped by French troops and carried to Paris ; he was released later. 

3 Probably for his regiment of Staffordshire Militia 

1790-1808] MATRIMONY 25 

comical epistle, for which I return this, but not a very 
comical one, I should imagine. With regard to the com- 
missions you appointed me to execute, I have to remark 
that I am afraid that I have not succeeded as I could wish. 
The office-seal you will get, but as to the other, which I 
ordered, I doubt its being finished. Upon inspection, a 
most minute one, I only found one pair of shoes, which I 
thought would answer your purpose. Paul ^ was a spectator, 
and has the pair in question. With regard to myself, be it 
known, I entered into the holy state of matrimony about 
a fortnight ago;' unless it is premature for this opinion 
so soon after the experiment I would say that I like it 
well. Paul invites me to take a trip to Vienna ^ on the 
occasion. I introduced him to Mrs. B.P. and he, I think, 
approves of my choice. He told her she was very pretty : 
but may happen, 'twas in comparison to his own face, 
which I do not think improves by absence, or indeed by 
stay in London, for he has been confined for two days to 
his bed, which slight indisposition has not added to his 
accustomed brilliancy. 

Edward is the accepted lover at Blithfield, to which 
abode of love he set out about a week ago. I believe he 
has absence from his brigade for a month, however it is 
the wish of the family (hers at least) that they should 
not come to the point until he is Major-General,* which 
if the brevet takes place as expected, will not, I suppose, 
long retard the ceremony. How it was brought about, I 
know not ; for these sort of communications in our family 
are but rare. 

Charles* is staunch — the young lady has him in hand 
and he is immovable — my father's vexation you may 
imagine. He is cruising, I believe, between Ferrol and 
Vigo. I hope he' may chop on a Spaniard. Two frigates 

1 Prince Paul Esterhazy, of the Austrian Embassy. 

2 Berkeley Paget's marriage to Sophia Askell Grimston took place 
November 22nd, 1804. 

3 Where Sir A. P. was then Minister; he had received the Order of 
the Bath, then hmited to one class, in June, 1S04. 

* Colonel Edward Paget was promoted Major-General, January ist, 
1805, and married, May 22nd following, Hon. Frances Bagot. 

^ Charles Paget was at this time engaged to Miss Monck. Her mother. 
Lady Ehzabeth Monck, daughter of the 2nd Earl of Arran, born 1764, 
" the Lady Elizabeth Mugg " of Rejected Addresses, belonged to the 
rather rapid set at Devonshire House, hence the Uxbridges' objection to 
this match. 

26 " THE YOUNG ROSCIUS " [ch. i 

laden with riches, are expected in Spanish ports, and for 
these the squadron are keeping a sharp look-out. They 
will do well for Charles, and Garlies,^ who is also in that 
squadron in the Ajax. 

I have remembered you, as you desired, to the souls you 
named in your letter. I go for a week or so to Wretham 
to-morrow. No pheasants or hares ! I write this at 
White's as well as I can for the confusion, and the only 
thing I hear, to which any credit seems to be attached, is 
that the yellow fever has made its appearance at Liverpool. 
Pleasant ! 

Oh ! there be players — but none like a boy,' that has 
made his appearance within this fortnight. I have seen 
him (only thirteen), and he beats anything I yet beheld. 
His expression, attitudes, ease, perfect conception of the 
character, surpass anything that was ever known. Though 
a boy, you can't but be interested in the strongest manner ; 
more so than by any person I ever saw. Kemble, who takes 
care of him, thinks him quite perfect. 

Everybody I see that you are acquainted with desire 
their kindest remembrance. Watkin, I hear, is going to 
be married, but we don't know her. Could you get me ? 
I have given Paul a memorandum to order me two pair 
of white leather pantaloons similar to those you sent Paget 
two or three years ago. But as I am more bulky than 
he, they should be proportionately larger. Perhaps you 
will see this executed. 

This is a tedious long scrawl, nevertheless I shall endeavour 
to add to it to-morrow, whilst I am cooling my heels at 

the Horse Guards. 

B. Paget. 

Capt. Hon. Berkeley Paget 

Horse Guards, nth Deer., [1804]. 
I don't think I can add much to my letter of yesterday. 
They talk of expeditions. But I suppose you know more 
of this than what I hear; for the Dispatch from Govern- 
ment to you will, I take it for granted, mention it. I do 
not, however, hear of the 7th [Hussars] as a party con- 

1 Lord Garlics, afterwards Earl of Galloway, the writer's brother-in-law. 
a The celebrated Master Betty, the " Young Roscius," 


It may be as well to let you know that our Uncle, Paget 
Bayly,^ died about 3 weeks ago. If you are disposed to 
mourn on the Occasion, as we are now doing, it is usual to 
appear in sables for six weeks. " Nay, then, let the Devil 
wea.T black" etc. Snaboo — Hamlet! Keis. 

You, I conclude, have heard of what is usually here termed 
the Reconciliation ^ between H.M. and H.R.H. the P. of W. 
But what of that ? The latter, they say, is flying off again. 
Lord Moira sent for again from Scotland on the occasion. 
In short it won't do, I dare say. 

I have lately had a very handsome thing done to me. 
Lord Dartmouth, who is Lord Chamberlain, lent me his 
apartments at Kensington Palace. I had sent everything 
on earth I possessed to them, and had been very comfortably 
settled there for two days ; when I received Litimation that 
I must move Bag and Baggage in a few days, as the King 
had desired that the Apartments were to be prepared 
immediately for the Reception of the Duke of Sussex. 
Pleasant in an idle Hour ! I think you like being turned 
out of your House. 

Really this is too hard upon you. To write an infernally 
stupid letter yesterday, and then bother you with another 
today. But I pray thee have me excused, sweet Bas- 
sanio. Why, how now ? Mrs. B.P. desires to be presented 
to you, so fare thee well. 

By the bye, since I have been turned out of my Apart- 
ments, I have written to the King to let me Windsor Castle 
for a year or two. He has not answered my letter, which 
is not polite. God bless you. Believe me. Ever yr most 
affecte Brother, 

Berkeley Paget. 

Countess of Uxbridge 

Plas Newydd, J any. zyrd, 1805. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I have postponed writing to 
you from day to day with the hope of having a letter to 
acknowledge, as I have not had that happiness since the 
3d of Deer., which appears an age to me, so interested am 

1 Younger brother of Lord Uxbridge. 

2 The King and Prince met on November 20th " for the first time for 
nearly a year, that for one day it went off very well, but it did not last." — 
Diaries of isi Earl of Malmeshiiry, iv. 336. 


I about you. The Newspapers have been silent on the 
subject of Vienna, so that I conclude no Messenger has 
arrived from thence. I am the more anxious, as your last 
letter did not give me a very good account of your health. 
You have had sufficient both of a public and private Nature 
to disturb it. It would be fortunate for your peace of 
Mind if you felt less, and for mine also, my dear Arthur. 
I do declare I don't seek occasion to disquiet myself, but 
with my numerous family Occurences must happen of this 
sort. . . . 

Your Father is now at Windsor, and gives me a most 
comfortable account of our beloved King, who notwith- 
standing all his Vexations is perfectly well. He never 
deliver'd a Speech better, and I trust the tenor of it will 
produce the happiest effects : the Country never was 
more unanimous. The reconciliation between Mr. Pitt 
and Addington has of course caused much ill humour. I 
confess the event rejoices me, as it was a favourite Object 
of the King's. As to another subject of greater import- 
ance, I am afraid of saying any thing, as this will most 
likely find its way to you by the common post. Charles 
is gone on a Cruise to the Westward, which is thought a 
very eligible one, but Admiral Cochrane's Squadron have 
not had the advantage of some others, for they did not 
receive their orders to capture Spanish Ships till the first 
of this Month, and now few are on the Seas. I hear a 
very indifferent account of Lord Garlics' health, and I hope 
he will soon get leave to come home to recruit it : the 
constant Storms this winter must make the Service very 
severe, we feel them here in their full force, and I have 
many sleepless Nights on account of them, yet still I 
persevere in staying on till March. . . . 

Paget and his family are well ; he has had some famous 
sport lately, but can only be a few days at a time at Wre- 
tham. Edward has just joined his Brigade, having 
pass'd six of the happiest weeks of his life at Blithfield ; '■ 
he has got the rank of Major-Genl. Berkeley and Mrs. 
B.P. are established in their house in Portugal Street. 
I dare say they will be very domestic, and I hope prudent. 
She has been brought up with Economy, and on her I 
depend. It's a tremendous thing keeping house on a 

^ Blithfield in Staffordshire was Lord Bagot's, whose daughter, Frances, 
was about to become Edward Paget's first wife. 

1790-1808] CHARLES' PRIZES 29 

small income in London. How do you like the new changes 
in administration, and the disposal of the blue Ribbons ? 
One of the latter I should have opposed, if I had the order- 
ing of things, as I particularly dislike his character. Are 
you not surprised at Lord Cornwallis' going to India ? It's 
a great undertaking at his time of life, but he will be very 
popular there. Lord Wellesley I hear is to be secretary 
of State for the foreign department, but of course you 
have correspondents in London that will tell you more 
than I can possibly know here. All the party unite in 
love to you, and I am. My Dearest Arthur, your most 
truly affecte Mother, 


Since writing the above I have reed a letter from Charles 
off the Coast of Portugal Jany ist ; he writes that, tho' 
good fortune seems to have deserted the Endymion, he is 
likely thro' another source to profit by the Cruize, as he 
shares with the Capn of the Diamond for the capture of 
a Spanish ship, who assured him he might expect seven 
thousand pounds. If it is five, it's a good beginning. Addio. 

Lady Charlotte Paget 

UxBRiDGE House, 16 Apr. 1805, 

My Very Dearest Arthur, — . . . Charles and Mrs 
Charles ^ are now in this house which I think is the strongest 
proof I can give you of the happy footing they are upon 
with Papa and Mama, they are all kindness to her and 
what they have seen they like very much, she is at 
her ease with Papa, indeed a great deal more than any of 
us which is what he likes so ; I think her a most pleasant 
amiable creature and certainly devoted to Charles and I 
daresay we shall all have reason to rejoice instead of lament 
at the marriage. . . . Louisa comes to the Installation which 
is to take place on the 23rd. Our house at Windsor will 
be exactly like a Beehive for Mama intends to lodge Graves 

1 Lady Paget wrote to Sir A. P. that Mrs. Charles was " perfectly 
beautiful." " Lady E. ]\Ionck is returned from Bognor in high good 
looks ; a reconciUation has taken place between her and her son-in-law's 
family. They all dined in B[urhngton] Street the day before yesterday. 
Lord Uxbridge says she is beautiful and that he should have preferred 
the Mother to the Daughter had he been Charles." — Lord G. L.-Gower's 
Correspondence, ii. 289. 

30 LORD MELVILLE [ch. i 

and Mary, Berkeley and Sophia. The King takes care 
of the Erskines and my good Uncle^ of the Garlies. Won- 
derful to say the day after the Installation is to be a day 
of rest and on the 25th there is to be a Ball at Frogmore 
in honour of Princess Mary's Birthday, poor dear thing, 
she is not looking at all well which I am not surprized at, 
doating as we know she does upon that most perfect of 
human beings that we all love so. 

Charlotte Paget. 

Countess of Uxbridge 

Windsor, April i-jth, 1805. 
My Dearest Arthur, — Just as we were stepping into 
our Carriage to come here two days ago, your Messenger 
arrived, and truly happy he made me by your very dear 
letter, and the account he gave me of you. You are much 
too kind in sending so many beautiful pieces of silk, but 
unless you will tell me what I am in your debt, I can give 
you no more commissions. . . . The News-Papers will inform 
you what has been doing in the House of Commons, the 
whole Country is in a ferment, and vow vengence against 
Lord M.* — I believe it is quite a party business with a 
View to distress our best of Kings, and turn out Mr. Pitt, 
but they will, I trust, be defeated in both. Thank God, 
I have not seen His Majesty so well for many years as he 
is at present, and I am happy to say all that belong to me 
support Mr. Pitt, but not so a friend of yours, and the 
most Zealous one once the Minister ever had. I cannot 
bring myself to name him, you will probably guess. This 
may be all old News when you get my letter, but I write 
for the chance of an opportunity, and also as sometimes 
the Notice is so short. It must be very inconvenient to 
you to have two servants absent, particularly your con- 
fectioner. I shall avail myself of your kind offer, if there 
should be occasion for it. The preparations here are 

1 Rev. George Champagne, one of Lady Uxbridge's brothers, was a 
Canon of Windsor. 

a Lord Melville, ist Lord of the Admiralty, was impeached for mis- 
appropriation of pubUc funds when Treasurer of the Navy. He was 
Pitt's most intimate friend, and the attack on him was really made in 
order to worry the Prime Minister. A resolution condemning Melville's 
laxity, though not imputing corruption, was carried in the House of 
Commons by the casting vote of the Speaker on April 8th. The tears 
were seen to trickle down Mr. Pitt's face. 

1790-1808] THE DAUGHTERS-IN-LAW 31 

immense for the Installation, whenever a difficulty occurs 
either as to Etiquette, or on any other subject, the King 
in the clearest Manner sets them all right. Oh ! my 
dear Arthur, how I do long to tell you a hundred things 
that would most particularly interest you, but prudence 
makes me forbear. A week should never elapse without 
my writing, if my eyes would let me, for I know enough of 
your dear self to be convinced that every thing interests 
you respecting your family and friends. I am happy to 
tell you Charles is to have an acting Captain for the Endy- 
mion's next Cruize, for he is very unequal to it at present, 
owing to the Cause I mentioned in my last. She ^ is a 
pretty little pleasant Creature, and if I mistake not, she 
will be the favorite of all your Father's daughters-in-Law, 
at least there will be a hard run between her and dear 
little Fanny, ^ but it's tantalizing you to talk of such things 
circumstanced as you are. If my wishes could prevail 
you should not have an annoyance in the World. It's 
reported that Lord Grantham is to marry Miss Pole, and 
the Dean of Windsor Lady Mary Bentinck,'' but I don't 
vouch for the truth of either. Charles has received for his 
Share of the Dollars six and twenty thousand pounds, 
twelve of which is lodged in the Funds on account of part 
of her Settlement ; her family have been very shabby, 
considering that they gave out last year that she was a 
large fortune, which they have now frittered down to seven 
thousand five hundred pounds ; the remaining fourteen 
thousand of the above your Father has borrow'd. We 
are going down hill very fast, and unless we can seU Ux. 
House, I don't know what will become of us. One of 
the Mines we have ceased working as it did not pay the 
Expense, and the other is not so prosperous as it has been. 
Col. Sneyd has quitted the Stafford, on account of his dis- 
approbation of the present Measure respecting the Militia, 
and Major St. Leger goes out from want of health. Mr. 
John Talbot is to be the new Major, and Major Newdegate 
to be second. Lieut.-Col. George is got into a much better 
house than he had when you was here, and gave us an 

1 Charles Paget's bride, Elizabeth Monck. He had arrived in England 
in February " full of Love and [Prize] Money." — Lord G. L.-Gower's Corre- 
spondence, iii, 24. 

> Mrs. Edward Paget, 

' Neither of these marriages took place. 


excellent dinner yesterday. It [is] said Lord Hawkesbury 
is to be first Lord of the Admiralty, others say Mr. Yorke, 
and that he is to be created a Peer. The worst of sending 
reports is that I may have them all to contradict, before I 
close my letter. You saw in the Papers that I was at 
the Magnificent FSte here, whereas I was very quietly 
in Wales, and sent my Excuse. Everybody is to be as 
splendid as possible on the present occasion,^ and the 
King is fitting up according to report three hundred rooms 
for the reception of his friends, of which the Erskines are 
to partake, so I shall see your beautiful little Louisa, and 
in my next will give you a full account of her. I go to 
Caroline the week after next. The China Fawkener brought 
cost eight pounds duty &c at the Custom house, so your 
Father is rather nervous about having any more sent. I 
thought before this that a Minister had a right to send 
such things free from charge. I heartily wish you could 
be the bearer of the Dejeuner. He is so low in Cash at 
present, that he has not courage to give you a Commission 
about Veils. You must be so tired of me and my stupid 
letter that I will not add to it by apologies but assure 
you, my dearest Arthur, that I am more than words can 
express your Most affectionate Mother and Friend, 


London, April 2gth.—Yom Servant has just call'd to 
say he is to be sent off tomorrow, a great loss to us, as 
the Prince of Wales, the French Princes &c dine here the 
day after, and he was to have given us a Specimen of his 
Confectionery. Little Lou did not come with the Erskines, 
they thought it better for her to be left with Caroline, and 
I am to bring her up ; they have set their hearts so much 
on her bearing their Name, that I think you had better 
acquiesce. Garlics is to be the new Lord of the Admiralty 
I was told last night ; the Catholic question is given up. 
Opposition found it so unpopular, that they had nothing 
else for it. Your Brothers came up for an interesting 
debate and expect to be in the House all Night; they 
both say they will write to you by this Opportunity. There 
has been a serious Misunderstanding amongst the Minis- 

» An instaUation of Knights of the Garter, the first since 1771, was 
conducted at Windsor Castle this month " on a scale of great magni- 
ficence." — Tomline's Pitt, iii. 289. 

1790-1808] "YOUR POOR DEAR FATHER" 33 

ters, but I am in hopes it was made up today. P[itt] is 
sadly harass'd, but he will be triumphant, I trust. The 
Papers will give you a fuller account of the Installation 
than I can ; it, and the fete at Frogmore, were superb. I 
rejoice to hear that you are to receive seven thousand 
six hundred and fifty pounds from Government. May I 
not flatter myself that this will nearly clear you of debt ? 
the comfort of which, I am sure, will keep you out of it 
in future. I wish your poor dear Father had such bright 
prospects, but I see no end to his difficulties. I was in 
an Error when I said one of the Mines had ceased working, 
it is however pretty nearly the same, it has ceased to be 
productive. I send all your things by your servant, and 
grieved I am that he should go without any little token of 
my remembrance, but you know how I am situated. The 
Pagets are in Town. I suppose they will see Mrs. C. Paget 
to-morrow, Charles and she are in this house. I cannot 
bear the thoughts of the little prospect I have of seeing 
you soon, in short I hate and detest the line you are in, 
and can never be happy till you are established here. Your 
Father sends you his kindest love. Believe me, my very 
dearest Arthur, Most cordially yrs, 

J. U. 

Lord Graves 
Queen St., May Faie, 18/A May, 1805. 

My Dear Arthur, — I cannot let Le Prince de Biron go 
from home to Vienna without giving him a line for you, 
as he says he has the pleasure of knowing you. The world 
goes on as usual, and London is as gay, and extravagant, 
and dissipated as ever. I would attempt to give you 
some News, or at least that which is not generally convey 'd 
in a Newspaper, but you must have so many Correspondents 
so much more able than myself, that I will avoid boring 
you with a repetition of what you must have already 
heard. Charles Paget has at last secur'd Elizabeth Monck, 
and is now at Coolhurst ^ as happy as it is possible to be. 
Lord Ux. has behav'd in the kindest and most affectionate 
manner to her, and she is certainly one of his most par- 
ticular favourites. Caroline has just produc'd another girl, 
at Beau Desert, much to the mortification of Capel and 

1 Coolhurst in Sussex was a place rented by Lord Garlies. 

34 A MASQUERADE [ch. i 

herself. . . . Jemmie's exertions are fruitless still, but Louisa 
is looking wonderfully well and grown very fat. You 
know of course that Garlies is one of the minor Lords of 
the Admiralty. Jane promises to make him a present 
of another Bambino in a few months, so that, if they all 
go on in this way, with the addition of Lady Paget, your 
nephews and nieces will be innumerable. 

Had you been in England you would have been tir'd to 
death with Committees and all their plagues this Session 
in Parliament. You are no doubt tir'd with the abuse 
and spite against Lord Melville, who is a sad sinner, but 
I think, if the Opposition had been more moderate, they 
would have done much better. The Catholic question is 
lost, no longer to be agitated during this good old King's 
reign. I think nothing could be worse than Grattan's 
speaking, his action was quite grotesque, and at times 
his voice was so low, that you could not hear him, and 
again mounting up to quite a scream. 

Charles means to get the Endymion, if he can, this Sum- 
mer to Weymouth. Mrs. C. Paget goes down with us into 
the Country, where she will remain till Charles comes 
back from sea. We were all very gay at Mrs Dupre's 
Masquerade the night before last, and your Father went 
so disguised that nobody could find him out. Berkeley 
was a famous mask as an old English Baron. It was the 
best thing given this year by far ; Jane lost a pair of 
diamond ear-rings (probably some of the treasures of the 
Galloway house) and a Cross, and had the good fortune to 
get them the next morning. I beg ten thousand pardons 
for writing such stuff to a grave Ambassador, but at such 
a distance as you are the most trivial things in England 
are not uninteresting. George Brummell has a delightful 
house, fitted up in the most elegant manner, and full of 
clocks, Card-Tables, and fine China, at the moment he 
has hardly a shilling in the world he has thought of fitting 
up a house. His spirits are the same and as entertaining 
as ever. Poor fellow, I am afraid another winter will 
finish his last hundred pounds. Should you wish any 
Commissions to be done for you in London, I beg you will 
employ me, as I am an idle fellow without any occupation, 
and shall be too happy of an opportunity of doing any 
thing for you, and if you do not vote this letter a bore, I 
will write to you once a month every thing I can pick up. 

1790-1808] UXBRIDGE HOUSE 35 

My dear little wife desires her kindest and most affect, 
love. Our boy is grown a very good-looking little fellow, 
and runs about famously. Adieu, ray dear Arthur, your 
most affect. 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

UxBRiDGE House, June -first, 1805. 

My Dearest Arthur, — Morand, who arrived a few days 
ago, brought me your kind letter, and as I am informed 
it is not improbable but that he may be shipped off again 
any day, I am very desirous to have a letter ready for 
him. I have been living so entirely in the Country (at 
Coolhurst), that I shall not pretend to furnish you with 
any news, but merely write whatever comes uppermost. 
I returned from thence yesterday, and found a party at 
dinner at Uxbridge House, at which, my dearest fellow, I 
most sincerely wished you could have assisted ; it con- 
sisted of my father and mother, Jane, Louisa, Fanny, 
Charlotte, Berkeley and his wife, myself and mine, and 
tho' last not least, old Mother Windsor, who is in high 
force, and who delighted me by telling me that j^ou had 
written to her to say that, as you never heard from anybody 
else, you wished she would pocket all old grievances, and 
write to you again. You will have heard, I conclude, that 
Edward is spliced, it took place about a week ago. He 
and Fanny are at this moment at Windsor, but I believe 
in a very few days he sets off for Eastbourne, where the 
Duke has lately appointed him to a very eligible brigade 
of the Line, which must be very good fun after command- 
ing the [illegible] and those sort of troops, 

Paget, Lady Paget, and little Car were in town lately, 
I made a point of coming up to meet them, and his kindness 
and affection to m3^self, and attention to Elizabeth in 
every occasion, commanded my warmest gratitude. This, 
I know, you will be glad to hear ; I forget whether or not 
I told you in my last that an acting Captain for the Cruize 
is appointed to the Endymion, but the probability is that 
she will be at Weymouth, in which case I shall have to 
join her in about a month, as it is expected about that 
time the Royal family will be there. I cannot sufficiently 
express my feelings to you for the interest you take in 


regard to Elizabeth. You may rely upon it, my dearest 
fellow, that when I go to sea, she will constantly be with 
my mother, or some one of my sisters. I did not think it 
possible that connections would in so short a time be 
completely broken off as those have, which from being 
Lady Elizabeth Monck's daughter had been formed pre- 
vious to her knowledge of me, and so outrageous are they 
at what is called the height of ingratitude in her, that the 
whole throng of Devonshires, Bessboroughs, Abercoms,^ 
& Hamiltons, have completely cut her. Mr. Monck has 
been ever since we were married in Ireland, and has behaved 
in so infamous and so unprovoked a manner towards her 
in, I understand, completely erasing her name from his 
will, that I never shall speak to the Blackguard again. 
I am on very good terms with her [mother]. Lady E. 
Elizabeth begs always her very best love to you. We 
are come to town to go to the Birthday on Tuesday, she 
not having been to Court since we were married, the business 
of presentation we got over privately at Windsor. This 
was an act of my father's in order not to have Lady E. in 
the train, which she was determined upon, had it taken 
place at the Drawing-room. As you probably will hear 
from my Mother, you will soon discover the bustle and 
confusion (which you know she is never out of), but which 
she is now particularly troubled with owing to the King 
having intimated his intention of visiting Beau Desert,' 
so that there never was such work. My Mother and Char- 
lotte, I believe, go there in the course of ten days, and I 
fancy the preparations have already begun for their recep- 

My father told me yesterday he was going to clear out 
at Cheltenham, and that he should start next Wednesday ; 
he proposes of course being at Beau Desert at the time 
the Royal family visit it. As Caroline is the only one of 
the family Elizabeth is still unacquainted with, I have some 
intention of going down there the latter end of next week. 

I have now, my dearest Arthur, filled six sides of Paper, 
and considering the sort of matter, you will probably think 
with me that it is time to release you. I beseech you, my 
dearest fellow, to write to me whenever you have a spare 

1 The Marchioness of Abercorn was Lady EUzabeth Monck's sister. 

2 This visit never took place, owing to the growing bUndness of the 

1790-1808] FACET'S PANTALOONS 37 

moment, and always to believe me your most devoted 
much attached and affec. Brother, 

Charles Paget. 

Lord Paget 

Ipswich, June ^d., 1805, 

My Dear Arthur, — Your supplies are most bountiful. 
I have just received the saddle, which is a very pleasant 
one, and is fitted up d, la Houssarde but the tree of which 
is d VAnglaise. I fear by your letter that you do not 
receive all mine. I wrote to acknowledge the receipt of 
4 pair of perfect 'loons and of the beautiful little pipe. 
Indeed I believe that the thanks on account of these articles 
were the principal subject of 3 different letters. So very 
easy and well cut are the pantaloons, that I cannot wear 
any others, and I must beg of you to send me 2 pair of 
white leather, not embroidered, for rough work. In short 
it would save you much trouble were I to enter into direct 
correspondence with the man, for I cannot go on without 
him. Whilst about it, he may as well make me a 3d. 
pair of the buff leather for shooting. We are only in want 
of the sashes. If contraband, how shall we manage to 
get them over ? Pray let me know what I am in your 
debt for these, and the extensive wardrobe that I have had 
from you ? 

I wish I could execute your commissions as well as you 
do mine. I have made no progress since I last wrote, and 
the Grey is the only horse I have yet got for you, but he is 
an host in himself. Ld Charles Fitzroy, who is particularly 
fond of riding safe, never sees him that he does not try to 
get him from you. Your Groom is also with me waiting 
for orders. If I do not succeed in buying another good 
horse for you and 2 for your Groom, I will let you have 
one out of the Regt, which will do for the latter purpose, 
and he and the Grey might go over together and I think 
the Groom wd find his way to you without your sending 
any one to meet him. You must explain yourself fully 
upon this subject. 

I have lately been at Wretham and the gamq is likely to 
be most abundant. ' I wish you cd enjoy it with me this 
year. I am in hopes that some arrangement will soon 
be made respecting that place. 


You ask me to take Charles by the hand again, I assure 
you that has been done most cordially long ago. Poor 
fellow, he looks very ill. Lady Paget says she must finish 
this letter so adieu. Affecy yrs, 


Hon. Berkeley Paget 

London, June 7, 1805. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . I am perfectly sick of staying 
in London. There are so many Reviews of Volunteers 
that I am fairly beat — cursed, awkward, impudent, useless 
Rascals ! So I am going in the course of a w^eek or so to 
join the 7th at Ipswich, where I shall stay tiU the Field- 
days are pretty nearly concluded. I shaU then resume 
my station at the Horse Guards, for the Duke has been so 
kind as to say that he means to keep me with him not- 
withstanding my Promotion, with Leave to go to my Regi- 
ment for a certain time during the year when I like, so I 
mean to stay at Ipswich about 4 months. 

Edward is a lucky Dog and got a delightful Command 
at Eastbourne of 3 or 4 Regiments of the Line instead of 
MUitia which he has had hitherto. Things are going on 
very smoothly in our Family — my father is, I think, in 
high force and preservation, an interval now and then of 
Blue DevUs. I wish I could give a good account of Charles. 
He is certainly very ill, pains in his chest, giddiness in his 
head, excessively weak, totters in his walk. With all 
this he defies Sir Walter's advice, goes to all the Balls more 
dead than alive and in short is doing all he can to make 
himself worse. Sir Walter says he is seriously ill and I 
believe wishes him at sea again. 

Edward was spliced about three weeks ago and seems 
to like it much. Garlics is very comfortable as one of the 
Lords of the Admiralty and works pretty hard. Graves 
is as great a Treat as ever. 

Since these Reviews have commenced the innumerable 
applications I receive to get a " good place to see the 
Review " are incredible. " Sir, Sir, could you ? ! A good 
place"— i^c/ 

I suppose you still receive Cobbett, he is pretty good 
about Lord Melville. A rare blow-up to be sure — I don't 
think he'll get a good place. 

1790-1808] ADMIRAL CALDER 39 

The King is in prodigious force and I am happy to see 
the Prince come to most of the Reviews where he and the 
Duke get together. I do not mean to say that the thing 
appears to go on with all the cordiality we could wish but 
after all that has passed one is glad to see it at all, especially 
in public. 

Faith, I am nearly exhausted and so is the time. . . . 
By the bye my father tells me I am to have the honour 
of succeeding you for Anglesea — I hope it will not be 
long before I am to resign in your favour which I shall 
at all times be ready to do, for I want to see you established 
among us in England with a good place, I think you are 
pretty well entitled to it. 

B. P. 

This is written at White's which was full of your acquaint- 
ance — I heard from all sides " Pray, remember me to 
Arthur." i | 1 


Lady Louisa Erskine 

Beau Desert, Aug. 28, 1805. 

My Dearest Arthur, — . . . We are all just now raving 
mad at Sir R. Calder for allowing the Combined fleets to 
escape — Oh, that Ld Nelson had come up with them — the 
story would then have been a very different one. I could 
have done better myself than Admiral Calder, or at least 
I could not have done worse. Charles says he ought to 
have been hanged long ago. To let such an opportunity 
slip — oh mercy, mercy ! There is at present a great idea 
that the long threatened invasion is immediately about to 
take place. Selon moi if that wretch of all wretches ^ ever 
means it, now is his time, for I begin to think your Emperor 
is going to behave as he ought and then he will be afraid 
to send all the troops requisite for such an expedition 
out of the country. But he has been afraid all along, or 
he would have made his attempt before. Orders have 
been issued for officers not to be absent from their post 
even for a night, in spite of which Paget (who is excessively 
lungeous at the Monster for always beginning his threats 
in the shooting season) proposes (if he can possibly get 
leave) coming down here for a little black game shooting. 
We are in daily expectation of his and Car's arrival, Buxton 

1 The Emperor Napoleon. 


being recommended to me, we intended being there at this 
time, but as Paget wishes us to be here while he is, we 
shall, and then go there when they return to Ipswich, 
after which if things remain as they are I believe we shall 
go into Wales for a short time, where they will have a large 
party — Capel, Caroline and all the little ones, and Charles 
and his wife. . . . finally that you may know the exact 
state of your family I must inform you that Jane, Mary 
and Sophia will before long present you with some more 
little nephews and nieces. I hope you were glad to hear 
of dear Charlotte's marriage, I own it quite delights me. 
He is a most amiable excellent creature and we all like 
him exceedingly. She deserves to be happy and if one 
may judge from appearances has every chance of being 
completely so. They will, I believe, be married at Plas, 
perhaps in October or before, but at present he is in Ireland 
and cannot get leave of absence, since these new Orders 
have been issued. 

I see by this day's papers that the Combined Fleets are 
certainly at sea and oh, woe is me, Ld Nelson in London. 
Oh dear ! Oh dear ! if he could but encounter them I should 
have every hope of success. . . . Your most attached and 
very affectionate sister, 


Lord Graves 
Bishops Court, near Exeter,' S«/j/. 12th, 1805. 
My Dear Arthur, — I have to make many excuses for 
not fulfilling my promise of writing to you more punctually, 
and indeed I have no other excuse than the constant occupa- 
tion and worry of a Camp in this neighbourhood, to which 
our Regiment of Militia belongs, and which has almost 
totally taken up my time this Summer. Charles Lennox * 
is our General, and you may suppose we are very jolly 
and happy under his command. He has been here several 
times, fortunately for him and for us Lady Charlotte has 
thought proper to remain away from him during the 
Summer, which we think he does not at all regret. Boring- 
don and his wife have also been here a great deal, and 
have had a house at Exmouth, which is not far from home, 

1 Charles Lennox succeeded his uncle as 4th Duke of Richmond in 
1806, married Lady Charlotte Gordon, daughter of the 4th Duke of 

1790-1808] FAMILY MOVEMENTS 41 

and Osborne, whom you so well know, commands the 
Bedford Militia, which composes a part of our Camp. 
We have won some of his Money at whist, but not much. 
Boringdon is just gone to Saltram, where are also Lord 
and Lady Bath,^ Charles and Lady Charlotte Greville,' 
Charles Bentinck,* and the Villiers's. There was a report 
here, which I fancy found its way from Longleat, that you 
had fought a Duel at Vienna with some man who had 
insulted you, and that you had been wounded. This story 
affected poor little Mary excessively till we found it to 
be a lie. On my writing to Berkeley about it, he answered, 
if it was a Frenchman Arthur fought, it is to be hoped he 
shot him. It is confidently said that Lord Paget is to 
command the Cavalry on the intended Expedition. No one 
is more capable or more proper for such an enterprise, 
and I think he will trim Les Chasseurs d Cheval, Dragons 
Legers, et Houssards of those Rascals, the French. The 
Prince has been at Weymouth, it is supposed he wishes his 
debts to be again paid. Old Nobbs* leaves that place about 
the middle of this Month, and they say he is perfectly well, 
and possessing completely all his faculties. It is supposed 
Parliament will be dissolved, which will annoy not a little 
some of them, but probably get me a Seat in Parliament. 
Charlotte is not yet married, but the ceremony will very 
shortly take place, as Enniskillen is returned from Ireland, 
and I presume very impatient. Poor Charles is somewhat 
better but still very unwell, we are in hopes of seeing him 
and Elizabeth here in October. It is said his complaint 
is an attack of the Liver, he rubs in Mercury to a very 
enormous degree. Berkeley is with the Seventh at Ipswich, 
and Edward at Eastbourne. I suppose of course he will 
go with Genl Moore. I am glad to find you have at length 
got the Court of Vienna to act decidedly against the French, 
and before this reaches you I suppose a battle will have 
been fought, and I hope Buonaparte's Scoundrels most 
infernally lick'd. Lord and Lady Uxbridge are now at 
Plas Newydd, and the Capels with them. I only write 
these particulars, as you say you do not often receive 

1 Thomas, 2nd Marquis of Bath, married Isabella, daughter of 4th 
Viscount Torrington. 

> Charles Greville married Lady Charlotte Bentinck, daughter of 
3rd Duke of Portland. 

' Younger son of 3rd Duke of Portland. * The King. 


letters from them, or I should not bore you with so long a 

There must have been uncommon good shooting this 
year at Wretham, as Partridges were never known to be 
so plenty, and I had upon my small Manor upwards of three 
hundred brace. Should you ever give Mary and myself 
the very great pleasure of seeing you here, I think I rould 
shew you as pretty a pack of Harriers as any in England. 

We have no news from the Fleets, the Brest fleet have 
retir'd into Brest Water, and the French and Spanish com- 
bin'd squadrons are safe at Cadiz. Old Nelson is now off 
that harbour with two and thirty British Men of War, 
which I should think is enough to defeat all the Navy of 
Europe united. I cannot help being inclined to think that 
all these preparations will end in peace, notwithstanding 
the many millions of dollars which have been already 
shipped from Portsmouth to subsidise Sweden, Russia, and 

The history of the Duel, which came from Longleat, is 
not the only fabrication that came from there respecting 
you. . . . 

Earl of Uxbridge 

Plas Newydd, 26th Oct., 1805. 
My Dear Arthur, — ... Be it known to you yesterday's 
Post brought me a letter from Edwd, by this time actually 
embark'd for the Continent. His Brigade consists of the 
4th, 14th, and 23d Regts, all famous fighting Regts, and 
5 Companies of Rifle Men, Finch and 3 Regts of Guards, 
and the Hanoverian Legion, all under the command of 
Genl Don going to the Continent,^ but as yet we do not 
know where, but we suppose Hanover, or to join the Russian 
Army. This is a sad blow to his (Ed.'s) poor little Wife, 
but he teUs me she has behaved with uncommon fortitude 
on the Occasion. We were to have seen Ed. here just 
about this time, but the Corsican Rascal will allow none 
of us to be at rest. He, however, seems to have got himself 
into a compleat scrape, and if we can contrive to make the 
Prussians feel like Men, he must be crushed. Of course 
you know of Charlotte's Wedding, your Mother hopes you 
got a letter from her. She wrote in a Violent hurry to you 

* They were dispatched on an abortive expedition to Bremen, returning 
to England in the following February. 

1790-1808] TRAFALGAR 43 

to announce it, they will go soon to Ireland for a short time, 
Enniskillen is the best of fellows; you must know him, I 

Since writing the above a letter is brought me from you 
which gives a sad account of your health. I hope you 
will take great care of yourself. I much fear you have 
led too sedentary a life, and with good living makes you 
liable to the disorder you complain of. We shall all be 
most anxious for your next letter, and pray for your speedy 
re-establishment. The Newspapers had made you attending 
the Emperor to his army, which I did not think unlikely, 
so that your illness is quite a surprise upon us. 

The Papers likewise make the French very active in 
surrounding the Austrians, and driving them in all direc- 
tions, I hope it is not so and that we shall hear better 
accounts soon. Charles is leaving us this morning with his 
little Wife, and going to Town, he is better but not quite 
well yet. Your Mother wou'd have wrote, but had not 
time to do so this Post. She, Car, Chare, and Eiiniskillen 
and all here join in most affect, love to you. God bless 
you, my very dear Arthur. I am most truly and affectly 


Countess of Uxbndge 

Plas Newydd, 10 Nov., 1805. 

My very Dearest Arthur, — . . . Never shall I forget 
yesterday ^ as long as Memory lasts. Oh ! my beloved 
Son, think what a day it was to us, the account of your 
illness, of the fall of that great Man, Lord Nelson, and his 
brilliant Victory, and the total defeat of the Austrians 
(if we may credit the French account the total annihilation 
of them) all came together : it was too much and we were 
sunk to the lowest ebb. . . . dear Fanny gives proof of her 
mind being as great as it was always good, she is gone 
to Blithfield, the Erskines to their house in Warwickshire, 
and she [Louisa Erskine] in the greatest possible rage 
because this new brevet stops within five of Jemmie. Don't 
you think you see her ? but this is nothing to her indignation 
at a certain Austrian General, she would like to put him to 
death herself by making a Pincushion of him and then 

1 Collingwood's Dispatches announcing the result of the Battle of 
Trafalgar on October 21st reached London on November 7th, 

44 DEATH OF NELSON [ch. i 

sticking hot burning pins and needles into him. Perhaps 
you may be of her opinion. Yr ever affecte and devoted 

J- u. 

Lady Caroline Capel 

Plas Newydd, io Nov., 1805. 

My Dearest Arthur, — . . . Your having written is felt 
as it ought by dear Papa and Mama. . . . We are in the 
Effervescence of our admiration and regret for the loss of 
that Great Man, the Brave and Gallant Nelson. The 
glorious and astonishing Victory he by the goodness of 
Providence was permitted to Atchieve is felt as you may 
readily believe by all ranks of People with that Gratitude 
and Enthusiasm it so truly merits, I think the Manner of 
his death so glorious and his last moments so magnanimous 
that I can only lament as a Public Calamity. He was 
above Pity ! He died as he had always wished to do in 
the arms of Victory and after having driven our Foes by 
the bare sound of his name from the farthest parts of the 
Earth back to their own Ports — then to complete his too 
short career draws them out by the most able Manoeuvres 
and defeats them in the most glorious style that is to be 
met with either in our own time or in the Annals of History. 
. . . This is a period of time so replete with Events of the 
most astonishing and interesting nature that everyone must 
take a part in them and well or ill nous raisonnons tous. I 
wish you could put a little of your vigour of mind into 
your Princes and Generals. How enraged you must have 
felt lately ! But still I hope we may live to see that Monster 
humbled in the Dust. This Glorious Victory of Trafalgar 
could not have occurred at a happier moment. Had but 
that magnanimous Hero survived, the joy would have 
been too complete. But we ought and must be grateful 
to the great Disposer of Events and try to be convinced 
that everything that is, is best. Your most affecte and 

Car : Capel. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Hanwell, Nov. i6th, 1805. 

My Dearest Good Arthur, — You may easily conceive 
loving you as I do how much uneasiness and solicitude I 

1790-1808] COMMENTS ON NELSON 45 

have felt from the first moment I heard of your ilhiess — • 
which (thank God by the letter I received from you four 
days ago, and by the Messenger who arrived in Town this 
morning) I am most happy to hear you are recovered 
from. It is a cruel visitation upon you, and I most sincerely 
and cordially trust you may never suffer again a moment's 
pain or illness from it or anything else. 

The Gazettes and papers which you will of course receive 
relative to the glorious affair of Trafalgar wiU render it 
unnecessary for me to give you any further accounts. I 
cannot however resist offering my congratulations on the 
most briUiant occasion in which the British fleet ever had 
an opportunity of shewing its superiority. Poor dear 
glorious Nelson is the only drawback, but the words of old 
Handel in Samson we must keep in our Mouths to console 
ourselves and commemorate him. 

Come, come, no time for lamentation now. 
No cause for grief ; Samson like Samson fell. 
Both life and death heroic, to his foes 
Ruin is left ; to him eternal fame. 

The subsequent action of Strachan ^ in which he took 
the whole of the French Squadron with exactly a similar 
force of British makes the smash complete. All we want 
is better prospects from the continent. Nothing is con- 
fessed to the Public in respect to Prussia, but we are all 
told she is to do wonders, if a hearty assistance to our 
cause is not speedily adopted on the part of Prussia, I 
shall (even hating the French as I do) sincerely hope, that 
if the Austrians and Russians are overpowered, that Bony 
wiU march direct to Berlin and settle them. 

Elizabeth has been very anxious about you and always 
sends her very best love. We are living at a House I have 
taken for two years, very snug and pretty and comfortable, 
about nine miles from London. I am so perfectly recover'd 
that I must shortly embark again, tho' Nelson etc. have 
left so little to be done that Garlies told me he thought, 
as the Opposition would be infernally strong, I should be 
of more service with my vote in the House than in the 
Endymion, at least till the Spring. 

I am going with Elizabeth to Wretham tomorrow for a 
fortnight's shooting. Pray, my dearest Arthur, let me 

1 Sir Richard Strachan, who took charge of the blockade after Nelson's 


hear from you often if it is but a line, and whenever you 
can reconcile to yourself coming home — do so, and set 
your excellent self up again. God bless you, my dearest 
fellow. Ever your most thoroughly devoted and affect. 

Charles Paget. 

Earl of Uxbridge 

Plas Newydd, igth Novr, 1805. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . We are most happy to hear 
you are so much recover'd, but still we fear you are hardly 
equal to taking the field, we shaU be most anxious for 
your next letter, and pray let us hear that you have made 
a proper example of Mack.^ 

I believe there never was a happier creature than Char- 
lotte,' she is delighted with Florence Court. I believe 
Capel is going next week to see her, there was a time I 
should have caught at such an excuse for crossing the 
water, but alas times are changed ! I hear the best Cock 
shooting in Ireland is at F.C. 

If you can but get the Prussians to come forward hand- 
somely, what with Russians and the Armies of other powers 
they surely might surround that vilest of Men, Buonaparte, 
and take him and his whole army prisoners or destroy 
them — something of this sort ought to be attempted. Yr 
Mother and Caroline send you their best love. I am, my 
dear Arthur, Most affectly yours, 


Hon. Henry Pierrepont^ 

Stralsund, Novr 20th, 1805. 

My Dear Arthur, — I have only a few moments before 
the departure of General Armfelt to send you a few lines, 
an opportunity of which I avail myself with pleasure for 
the purpose of renewing the little intercourse which subsists 
between us, as well as for the sake of complying with a 
request which he has made me to beg the favor of you to 
be of any use to him in your power, in case he should find 

1 The Austrian General, Mack, on Oct. i8th surrendered Ulm with 
30,000 men to the French who entered Vienna on November 13th. 
* Lady Enniskillen. 
3 British Minister to the Court of Sweden. 



1790-1808] KING OF SWEDEN 47 

himself in need of your assistance after his arrival at Brunn. 
Of the motive of his departure and the object of his journey, 
which does. him great credit, he will himself inform you 
and he will tell you probably too, what an honourable part 
his Master has been, and is, acting upon the present occa- 
sion. After having given more trouble in negotiation for 
10,000 men than all the Powers of the Continent for their 
united force, the King of Sweden has now found out that 
his honour (mark the word) prevents his marching forward 
in support of the Russian troops which are under his com- 
mand, till he has obtained some assurance that he shall 
not be attacked by Prussia, who is allied to the common 
cause and has not a soldier within a week's march of his 
paltry province, and whom he has insulted in the most 
gross manner. Under these circumstances I have been 
obliged to transmit him a trimmer and have another in my 
pocket ready for the same purpose, at all events I shall 
take particular care if things don't change to stop the 
payment of the subsidy, and fortunately we are behind- 
hand with it already, and then he may have the satisfaction 
of seeing his troops starve, which wd be the case. It 
would be a pity as they are uncommonly fine and very well 
officered, and if properly joined according to my intention 
with the Russian force might have been extremely useful. 
You may easily imagine the effect that was produced 
here by the news which we received this morning of the 
capture of Vienna, but I can hardly form to myself any 
idea of the confusion that must have taken place in yr 
removal. For God's sake keep them strict, for if we have 
peace now, we are ruined. What do you think, my good 
fellow, of an occasional estafette ? I will tell you what 
our combined army does not do, if you will let me know 
what yours does do. God bless you, my good Arthur, 
ever and invariably yours, 

Henry Pierrepont. 

The Countess of Uxbridge 

Plas Newydd, Novr 20th, 1805. 

My Dearest Arthur, — You have given your Father and 
me the most flattering proof of your Affection by writing 
to us so frequently when your Mind must be harrassed 
to death. Never in your Political line have you known 



so cruel a Moment as the present. Your letter of the 
24th of Octr, tho' it contained a melancholy detail of 
the Army, kept up my Spirits from what followed, but 
that of the 3d instant, reed yesterday, has oppressed me 
with grief. Is there no hope left, may not the Prussians 
save that unfortunate Country ? We are told here that 
they are at length come forward. God grant that it may 
not be too late. I am thankful that these Calamitous 
Events did not take place a month earlier. I shudder 
to think of what your situation would then have been, 
left behind at Vienna to the fury of that merciless reptile. 
Indeed, Arthur, this is the only subject on which I cannot 
command my temper ; he is a Scourge to all Mankind, 
and, as you observe, yours is not a bed of Roses. I cannot 
conceive anybody's having more upon their mind than 
you have at present ; but you have a head that will ever 
enable you to get thro' difficulties, if it's possible, and this 
is a great source of Consolation to me in all my reflections 
about your dear self. What can I say upon another subject ? 
Nothing that you tell me leads to certainty one way or 
other, therefore I can only assure you in general that it is 
very near my heart, as every Circumstance in which your 
happiness is concerned must be. A friend of yours here 
is very much attached to an amiable person, but meets 
with the strongest Opposition from her family. She how- 
ever is steady, it is therefore thought by all his friends 
that he will succeed in time. Why may I not have this 
hope concerning you ? Our beloved King cannot Alas ! 
read your, or any other Dispatches, for his Eyes are not 
better. If they don't grow worse, I shall be thankful ; 
his health, which is a great blessing, is perfect, and he 
never complains, on the Contrary does every thing to 
mitigate the Sufferings of his family for him. They are 
going soon to have a sad loss, by the departure of the 
Duke of Cambridge for Hanover ; he is such a Comfort to 
them, and his attention to the King is so unparalleled, that 
I lament extremely the necessity of his going. I have not 
said anything to you of Princess Mary, because I am ignorant 
on the subject, but this I can say, that whoever gets her, 
will possess a Prize of Inestimable Value. What a cruel 
situation has our Princess-Royal ^ been reduced to, it is 
enough to discourage our dear Princesses from leaving 

1 Charlotte-Augusta, the wife of the Duke of Wiirttemberg. 

1790-1808] "DON'T MAKE PEACE" 49 

their own Country, certainly the happiest one in the Uni- 
verse, and one that I wish my dearest Arthur was returned 
to, never again to quit. Your Father won't despond as I 
do, and will not allow of the possibility of the French getting 
to Vienna, as a proof of which he has just desired me to 
commission you to send him two of the most beautiful 
silks that can be purchased there, one of course for Princess 
Mary. I told him I could not write about such things at 
so serious a time as the present, but he insisted upon it ; 
he complains that you have not drawn upon him for the 
amount of the China &c. If you don't receive this by 
one of the two messengers lately arrived, it will be my 
misfortune and not my fault, for this is the first time I 
have been able to hold my pen for more than a week, as 
your Father told you. We shall remain in the most cruel 
suspense till we hear again from you, and most ardently 
hope for better News, and to hear of the perfect re-estab- 
lishment of your health. All the Keises [sic] join in love. 
Goodbye, my dearest Arthur, believe me ever your most 
affecte Mother, 


Lord Paget 

Wrexham, Novr izd, 1805. 
... I will endeavour to send them (the horses) off at once 
to Berlin, where I hope some one will arrive to conduct 
them to Vienna and I will order the person who proceeds 
with them to address himself to our Ambassador there, in 
order that your person may know where to find them. 
No ! That wd not do, for who knows where the Court 
may be by the time this reaches you. For Godsake dont 
make peace ^ on any terms. Retire into Hungary, do 
any thing but make Peace. Believe me there can be no 
Peace but by beating these Vagabonds into it. Face them 
only and they are beat. I forfeit my existence if any 
British Force don't beat twice their numbers and why shd 
not the Austrians ? But these will always retire if they 
are at all worsted. This must not be. Attack the French 
in return a second, a 3d, a 4th day, if necessary. They 

^ The Austrian Emperor signed a Treaty of Peace with France on 
December 25th, after his crushing defeat at Austerlitz on the 2nd idem ; 
Russia soon followed suit. 


cannot stand that. I am enthusiastic about what may be 
now done, but if there is one moment's hesitation, if there 
is even the slightest idea of Peace — Austria — Europe (Eng- 
land excepted) is gone. 

Lady Louisa Erskine 

LiNDLEY Hall, 24 Nov., 1805. 

My Very Dearest Arthur, — . . . What sad accounts 
from your part of the world. How I grieve for all the 
poor souls at Vienna. I felt most anxious for further 
particulars and hope and trust none of our friends have 
fallen Victims to Mack's treachery for I'm sure it can be 
nothing else — and I must own I shd feel considerable 
satisfaction in seeing him hanged and should like to put 
the Rope about his neck myself. And I think the Elector 
of Wirtemberg deserves the same and I'm very glad he 
has been so insulted and I hope his great fat before will 
burst with Rage. 

Our most glorious Victories at Sea happened most oppor- 
tunely and wiU I think be a severe blow upon the little 
Corsican Reptile — Oh the wretch ! But oh Arthur, our 
dear excellent Nelson — I wept so much for him that I 
could not rejoice in the Victory — I never can recover it. . . . 

As for our little Loui she is a perfect delight. ... I must 
tell you that Paget doats upon her, I never saw him take 
so much notice of any Child but his own, in short you 
know he professes hating all Children but his own except 
our little Loui. . . . Jamie desires his most affecte love 
to you. He says " for God's sake my dearest Lou, have 
done," so farewell. . . . Your most attached and devoted 

Louisa Erskine. 

If the King of Prussia would only do his duty, I should 
have no fears. I wish I was by him sticking a spur into 
his side. 

Lady Louisa Erskine 

LiNDLEY Hall, November 29, 1805. 

f. My Dearest Arthur, — I am so completely thunder-struck 
and horror-struck with the accounts in this day's papers 

1790-1808] "THAT WRETCH MACK" 51 

from the Continent that I must give vent to some of my 
feelings to you or I shall suffocate. And can it be true 
that the infamous miscreant has entered Vienna with his 
army of vile mean slaves? Oh Heavens, how dreadful — 
where is this to end ? I am really almost mad — but my 
dearest Arthur, what have the Austrians and Russians 
been about ? Surely there must have been some horrible 
mismanagement, independent of the black treachery of 
that odious Wretch Mack, for that he suffered himself to 
be bribed I have not the smallest doubt of, and it is my 
astonishment that the Emperor did not order him to be 
strangled instantly — or that the people did not tear him 
to pieces, and as for those miserable poor spirited animals 
of Prussians what could I not do to them — had they come 
forward as they shd have done, all these disasters might 
have been prevented, even now if the whole of the Powers 
would make one last effort and act with unanimity and 
activity all might yet be well, instead of which I suppose 
they will debase themselves and in my opinion bring 
eternal dishonour upon themselves by making a vile and 
ignominious Peace with the most infamous, brutal and 
most diabolical fiend that ever disgraced the Human 
Species since the world has been a world. Oh Shame ! 
Shame ! Shame ! upon them all if they do. 

I do sincerely hope there is no truth in the Rumour of 
the Archduke Charles being dead. Should it prove true, 
there can be no doubt but that that infamous and most 
iniquitous performer of all black deeds has caused him 
to be poisoned. I am the more inclined to think this as 
the French accounts state that he died in consequence of 
the fatigues of the campaign. Now the fatigues could 
not hitherto have been so very great — besides had the 
wretches not been perfectly aware that he came to an 
untimely end, they would not have been so ready to point 
out what they conceive will appear a very natural cause 
for his death. Oh horrible, most horrible ! . . . We are, 
you can most easily conceive, most terribly anxious 
to hear something concerning our poor Vienna friends 
— it makes me miserable to think of their , calami- 
ties. ... 

Louisa Erskine. 


Countess of Uxbridge ^ 

Plas Newydd, Deer loth, 1805. 

The following toast was given at a recent public dinner, 
viz. " The Roast Beef of Old England : 

May Englishmen eat both the fat and the lean, 
And leave Frenchmen to pick the Bony-part clean." 

My Dearest Arthur, — The Relief it was to our Minds 
to receive your letter from Brunn was in proportion to 
the Misery we endured from the Apprehension that you 
was not sufficiently recover'd from your severe illness to 
accompany the Emperor to Olmutz. You will allow the 
idea was not a pleasant one, but here I must restrain my 
feelings from prudence, not now being sure of my letters 
ever reaching you. If an Emperor and an Ambassador 
are waylaid, a Messenger may, so I must content myself 
with venting my indignation at home against the Usurper, 
but thank God since we heard from you the Accounts 
from the Continent have been more satisfactory. The 
Victory over the French and the Emperor's having an- 
nounced Prussia as his Ally give us hopes that we may 
e're long hear something very interesting. It would amuse 
you more, my dear Arthur, if I could write upon other 
topics than the preceding, but the truth is no other ever 
enter our heads. Even the Children are Politicians, and 
fly to the Papers for News with as much avidity as we do, 
particularly if there is a paragraph from Vienna. I am 
truly sorry you have met with such a disappointment 
about your Horses, I cannot account for it, and was going 
to write to Paget for an explanation when I was informed 
he had received a letter from yourself on the Subject. Mr. 
Broughton has been very kind and attentive to your Father 
and me in writing twice to us whilst we were most uneasy 
about you, and Col. Upton with his accustomed good Nature 
informed us he had seen Mr. Stratton who was just come 
from you. I hope you have been able to rescue your 

valuable Effects from the merciless hands of . I am 

anxious to know how all the poor people at Vienna (that I 
have heard you and Louisa speak with so much regard 

' ^ Part of this letter is printed in the Paget Papers. 

1790-1808] EDWARD AT BREMEN 53 

of) have escaped. I wish that ever to be lamented Lord 
Nelson had been in Mack's place, yet why should I wish 
him any where but where he was ? I am glad to find 
Lord Cathcart is appointed Commander in Chief of the 
British on the Continent. I conclude you hear from 
Edward. Lord Graves has announced to us the birth of a 
Daughter and of dear Mary's going on well. Your Father 
and Caroline unite in cordial love to you. Capel is still 
in Ireland, Excuse this dull letter, how can one be gay 
in such times ? Yet I feel as if all would do well. You 
will be happy to hear that our beloved King's Eyes are 
rather better. Ever, my dearest Arthur, Yr most truly 
affecte Mother, 

J. u. 

Major-Gen. Hon. Edward Paget 

Bremen, December 12th, 1805. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I have been made most happy 
by the Receipt of your Letter from Olmutz of the 25th 
Ulto, tho' I regret that your Expectations of an Action 
on the following Day have not been fulfil'd, as I flatter 
myself that we had much to hope from the Result. 

I assure you that you would have heard from me before 
since my Arrival in this Country, if I had been aware of 
any Opportunity of communicating with you. I am now 
told that the best Method is to send my Letters to Berlin 
under Cover to Ld Harrowby or Mr. Hamond, which Plan 
I shall in future pursue. I have been puzzling my Brains 
for some time to recollect who recommended this Method 
to me, but find upon reading your Letter over again, that 
it is to yourself that I am indebted for the Liformation. 
As General Don is to be here this Evening from Verden, 
which place he has fixt upon as his Head Quarters, I have 
determined to write a few Lines to you and leave them with 
him to be forwarded. Tomorrow I shall return to Vegesach 
at which place and in the Neighbourhood is stationed my 
Brigade. Finch's Brigade of Guards is stationed in the 
Fauxbourgs of Bremen, the Occupation of that Town not 
having been insisted upon on our Part. I cannot conceive 
however by what Rule it is, that the Neutrality of this 
Republic is less violated by the Occupation of their Faux- 
bourgs and all their Villages, than it would be by placing 


a Garrison in Bremen. Sir George Ludlow is arrived and 
takes particular Charge of the British. The Infantry of 
the German Legion is on its March to occupy Cantonments 
upon our Left which will extend a little beyond Verden, 
from which place the Russians take up the Line in con- 
tinuation of the Weser as far as Minden, Genl. Tolstoy's 
Head Quarters being established at Minburg. What is 
become of the Swedes, I know nothing. A Corps of Rus- 
sians, joined by 1500 Hanoverians, are beginning to Blockade 
Hameln. As to our ovm Operations, the only point upon 
which I can speak with Certainty is, that nothing is settled. 
The Track which 50 or 60,000 Men would have taken is 
pretty obvious, and I fear that Numbers have been overrated 
in England. That, to be pursued by less than half of 
those numbers, does not appear so manifest. The foe is 
said to be collecting a considerable force on the Side of 
Holland. My principal Reason for discrediting this, is 
that the Report is industriously circulated at Bremen, 
where there is no Species of Falsehood which can be invented 
to favor the designs of the Enemy which is not put forth. 
I am happy to hear that there was a French Spy hung 
yesterday at Minburg. Hemp would become scarce at 
Bremen if employed in the same way. 

A Regiment of Cavalry of the Legion is arrived at Breme- 
slake. Another is on the Passage. Some squadrons of 
the nth were embarking when Ludlow came away. He 
knows however of nothing else. To be of use, this will 
not do. It depends I suppose upon the Decision of the 
Court of Berlin whether more Troops are sent. If her 
Decision is favorable, we cannot send too many. If 
otherwise, we have already too many. Gracious God ! 
What might not yet be done, if Jealousy could but for a 
short time subside, and that Prussia would sincerely and 
cordially unite with us to crush this Monster in human 
Form. His very successes would be the main Instrument 
of his Destruction. But I will not take up your Time any 
longer with my Rhapsodies, which however I assure you 
are much more of an encouraging than of a disheartening 

I have received but one Letter since I left England and 
that from Fanny written live days after we sailed. All 
well. She is a perfect Heroine on this Occasion and behaves 
most inimitably. I long to introduce Her to your Ac- 

1790-1808] LEOPOLDINE 55 

quaintance. I wrote to you a very long Letter from East- 
Bourne in the summer which I hope you received. We 
have English Papers here to the 6th Inst, but nothing in 
them. God bless you, my dearest Arthur. Pray, pray 
let me hear from you whenever you can without Inconveni- 
ence write, and believe me ever your sincerely affectionate 

E. P. 

Countess of Uxbridge 

Plas Newydd, Deer 21 st, 1805. 

My Dearest Arthur, — Your letter of the 25th of Nov. 
reached me yesterday and I take the first moment to 
answer it, with a view to calm your mind upon a subject, 
that has made so deep an impression on it. Be assured 
your happiness is your Father's greatest object, and that 
in writing this letter to which you allude, he did not mean 
to wound your Feelings, it was dictated from the impulse 
of the Moment, considering from your own report that the 
affair was totally at an end never again to be resumed. 
With this idea in his Mind he took an impartial view of 
all the Circumstances and thought the great difference of 

Situation and Religion, and the Sacrifices that ^ 

must make in coming to this Country, were Obstacles that 
stood much in the way, and that ultimately you would 

feel them as much as . Under these reflections, my 

dearest Arthur, was it not natural for your best of Fathers 
to express himself as he did ? believe me he would have 
kept these Sentiments to himself if you had not assured 
him that your hopes were for ever abandon'd, therefore 
he thought he was rather reconciling you to your disap- 
pointment. As a proof of the sincerity of these assertions, 
you may rely upon it he will not oppose your wishes, there- 
fore there is no necessity for my executing the Commission 
you gave me. Whenever you do come home, my dear 
Arthur, I trust it will be on a much pleasanter errand. We 
both feel your affectionate expressions as you can wish 
and the Object of our hearts is to see you happy, this is 
50 impressed upon mine that I can write upon no other 
subject, you shall soon hear from me~' again when I hope 
we shall have much to rejoice at on account of public 

^ Princess Leopoldine Esterhazy, whom Sir A. P. %vished to marry at 
this time 


Events. Your Father and Caroline send you their most 
cordial love. God bless you. I am most truly my Dearest 
Arthur, Your ever affecte Mother and Friend, 


Jane has a Son and Sophia a Daughter since my last. 

Lord Paget 

Wrexham, Jany ^th, 1806. 

My Dear Arthur, — I am more distressed than words 
can describe at the cruel disappointments you have met 
with about your Horses at a time too when you must have 
been in such urgent need of them, and when you know 
that they have not yet sailed, you will accuse me of negli- 
gence, whereas there is no pains that I have not taken 
to forward them. In consequence of the difficulty of 
getting them off by Harwich I was at much pains in pro- 
curing a passage for them from Ramsgate in the Troop- 
Ships and having obtained it and sent them there, they 
unexpectedly sailed and left them behind. During their 
Stay at Ramsgate I learnt that the Groom in charge of 
them was always drunk, and conceiving that in the present 
melancholy state of things on the Continent you wd pro- 
bably not wish to have them, I had just discharged this 
man when your letters from Teschen ^ arrived. But now 
all is finally settled for you and, weather permitting, I 
trust to them being at Berlin in a fortnight. I send Joseph 
Hill, a Trusty Serjeant of the 7th, and I have borrowed 
from Lord Waldegrave his German Groom. These will 
deliver them to your Man at Berlin or proceed onward 
with them if necessary. There is no exertion, I assure you, 
that has been spared and only hope that they will finally 
reach you in safety and suit you. I am better than my 
Word. A Fourth Hack is sent, which Vivian has bought 
for you for 30 guineas. 

In the utmost haste and all on your account. God bless 
you, I will write again soon, but not upon political Matters. 
They are too far gone indeed. With respect to yourself 
I wiU very soon write more fully. Adieu. Ever Affecty 


1 Pitt died January 23rd, 1806, and Fox, who then became Secretary 
for Foreign Affairs (and Lord Grenville Prime Minister), recalled Sir A. P. 
in March ; the latter accordingly returned to England. 

1790-1808] LORD HOWICK 57 

Lord Paget ^ 

Wretham, 21 Dec. [sic, but evidently Nov.], 1806. 

My Dear Arthur, — I have had a letter from Puisegur 
in which Monsieur * proposes to come here. He proposes 
coming into Norfolk about the 7th of Dec. and taking 
Wretham in his way. This will oblige me rather to trench 
upon the Battues for the 26th and 27th, altho' it will not 
be necessary to stop them. You may make what arrange- 
ments you like respecting Esterhazy and Stahrenberg but 
it must depend on the quantity of Monde that Monsieur 
brings and this you may learn easily. I think there are 
8 beds here. If anything should prevent your coming 
on the 25th pray do not fail to ship off Henry by Coach 
or Mail and do not send any one with him. He is above 

I am sorry to hear that you dined with Ld Howick* 
upon the occasion of reading the King's Speech. This 
was a ruse, which you should have been up to, and when 
I read in the Times the way he spoke of your recall, I think 
his conduct to you personally as treacherous as that of 
Ld Grenville and Ld Henry Petty has been to my Father 
in kindly giving him information of the Dissolution of Par- 
liament just as it took place, and then sending down to 
Milborne Port two sets of Candidates. Private Motives 
ought not to influence one's public Conduct nor will they 
ever so affect me, but as I have not yet discovered the 
merit of any of the Present Ministers, I shall pause before 
I commit myself with them and I sincerely wish that you 
would do the same. A Rancorous Opposition I detest and 
it is the conduct of the very men who now make the Majority 
of the Cabinet that has disgusted me with such a line of 
proceedings but there is a middle course which it would 
be both honourable and consistent in us to adopt. Alas ! 
there is no leading Man in the whole Country and I am 

1 Lord Paget had just been returned as one of the members for Mil- 
borne Port in the short ParUament which only lasted from October 1806 
to April 1807, when the Duke of Portland succeeded Lord Grenville as 
Prime Minister, and it was the new Ministry which appointed Sir A. P. 
Ambassador to Turkey. 

2 Monsieur, afterwards Louis XVIII, Uved an exile in this country until 
his restoration in 18 14. 

3 Lord Paget's eldest son, just nine years old. 

* Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs since the death of Fox. 


sure there is not one consistent one in the whole Adminis- 
tration. Pray what are Lord Uxbridge's Intentions ? 
As I never hear from him or see him, I have not a notion 
what he means to do in Parliament. Ever afiecty yours, 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Egyptienne off the Lizard, Deer 22nd, 1806, 4 a.m. 

This day last week, my dearest Arthur, I weighed from 
Plymouth Sound and a more anxious and uncomfortable 
time I never before experienced at sea. I had scarcely 
got out before the wind and weather from the Westward 
threatened so inauspiciously that under almost any other 
circumstances I should not have hesitated in putting back 
again. Feeling however aware that the real motive for my 
returning would not by the goodnatured part of my friends 
have been attributed to the true cause, I was determined 
to persevere as long as possible in preference to having it 
said that my wife's apron string had towed the Egyptienne 
back again. 

The consequence of my perseverance in attempting to 
beat out of the Channel against these never ceasing gales 
has been disabling my Ship and I am now anxiously waiting 
for daylight to run for the land which, if it is not too thick, 
I hope to see soon after. We are now lying-to under a 
Jury close-reefed main topsail and trysail, blowing viciously 
hard from the Southwest. The morning of the 21st of 
Deer, 1806, I shall not forget in a hurry and I conclude 
such a gale must have been most severely felt by all other 
Ships in the Channel. As for this powerful Egyptienne, 
she was so long on her beam-ends that I did not expect 
she would right again. At the moment it came on with 
such violence, we were under the reefed courses and main 
Topsail endeavouring to weather Ushant. The former 
were hauled up and saved but before the latter could be 
taken in, it blew to pieces and with the jerk in which it 
went carried away the Main Yard. We immediately bore 
Ship to the Northward to keep the Channel open, but for 
five hours it was not possible to show even a Storm Staysail 
to it. This last gale, with the others we have constantly 
had to carry sail against, has shook the Ship more than 
all the service she has performed since I have commanded 
her, and I have no hesitation in declaring that it will not 

1790-1808] FIRE ON BOARD 59 

be safe going again to sea in her unless she is docked and 

Exclusive of the uncomfortable part of being in so 
ricketty a ship, it is besides harassing and vexatious to a 
degree to see your Ship's Company worn down with fatigue 
and sickness occasioned by constant pumping, and when 
below having a wet deck and a wet Hammock to turn 

I have not yet told you of the worst situation we have 
been in. What think you in the height of the hurricane 
yesterday morning when I was attending on the quarter- 
deck, having the intelligence brought me that the Ship 
was on fire in the bread room (which perhaps you know is 
close to the Magazine) ? Pleasant ! I immediately ordered 
the officers and people to their respective quarters, and 
the fire men to supply water and of course flew myself to 
the spot. The fellows behaved devilish well and in ten 
minutes it was extinguished, but the column of smoke was 
so great that it was a considerable time before I could 
make them believe that it was perfectly out. Of course 
the fellow who was negligently the cause of it will get his 

I write this, my dear Arthur, not only because you will 
be glad to hear from me, but because I think that you 
will perhaps see Mr. Grenville and prove to him that the 
report of the Builder at Plymouth was not an ill-founded 
one and that now it really is absolutely necessary that 
some attention should be paid to us. Either let them 
pay the Ship off and break her up if she is too expensive, 
or do me common justice in having her defects made good. 
I am, I fairly tell you, quite sick of this method of going to 
sea, and if my wishes could be complied with I should 
prefer a good six or eight and Thirty to this overgrown 
unwieldy frigate, whose masts and yards tear her to pieces 
and for the management of which she has not a crew any- 
thing like competent to work them. 

I will add to this, my dearest Arthur, before I seal it. 
Addio for the present. 

Government House, Monday. 
I arrived here, my dearest Arthur, four hours after I 
last left off writing to you, having had a famous run in under 
bare poles into the Sound. I have written to my father 


stating to him what this letter will inform you, and re- 
questing that in the event of your not being in town to 
see Mr. Grenville yourself, that he would do so in order to 
get the Ship docked and thoroughly repaired, or paid off 
and myself promised another frigate. Either of the two 
will satisfy me, but to go again to sea after such a repair 
as is to be given at this season of the year in Plymouth 
Sound would be intolerable. If all the caulkers and arti- 
j&cers of the several Dockyards were to drive their whole 
stock of oakum into the sides and Decks it would work out 
in the very first 24 Hours' gale at sea. 

The fact is the Ship is so seriously shook in her whole 
frame that nothing but Docking and strengthening her 
in every possible way will make her seaworthy. If they 
don't choose to be at farther expence or trouble about 
her, for Heaven's sake let them pay her off and break her 
up, but not consign Three Hundred of His Majesty's loving 
subjects to the precarious Situation of going to sea at this 
time of the Year in so crazy an old devil. 

I shall write to you again tomorrow. Elizabeth's joy 
at this unexpected return you will easily conceive. She 
sends you her very best Love. Let me hear from you my 
dearest fellow and believe me. Ever your most affectionate 

Charles Paget. 

Col. Peacocke ^ 

Llanfair, 28ih January, 1807. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — I think it necessary to Inform 
you that Charles Evans of Trefiler, who you and I canvassed 
when last in the Country, is Dead, and that by sheer Drinking 
of Brandy. A very fine Estate, of above Seventeen Hun- 
dred Pounds a year. ... It is astonishing what a Mortality 
has been in the Evans' family in the Space of four years 
— no less than Father, Wife, Sister, three Sons, and two 
Daughters, all of whom died of sheer Drinking, but Mrs. 
Rowlands, who was Charles Evans the Elder's Sister. 
They were a good jolly Set and kept it up pretty well ; the 
only one remaining is the Collector of Holyhead. ... I 
am, My Dear Sir Arthur, most truly yours, 

Wm. Peacocke. 

1 Colonel Peacocke was an eccentric neighbour at Plas Newydd. 

1790-1808] POLITICAL RUMPUS 61 

Viscount Bulkeley ^ 

Englefield Green, near Staines, March 30, 1807. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — It has been intimated to me that, 
owing to some difference of opinion with your Father on 
the late rumpus you are to go out of Parliament, and that 
your Brother Berkeley is to offer his services to the County 
of Anglesea in your stead. I shall thank you to let me 
know whether this is true or not, as Lord Uxbridge has 
not said a word to me about it, and I hope such a measure 
will not be adopted without at least acquainting me. For 
my own part I have consulted all the bearings of the late 
Change, and tho' Lord Grenville's conduct in touching the 
Catholic string with The King too sharply was imprudent, 
still The King was very ill advised in not accepting their 
offer of postponing the question, and suffering them to 
go on. The pledge required he must have known could 
not be complied v/ith, and he was too ready in my humble 
opinion to avail himself of it to send them au diahle. I 
cannot therefore but think that on the whole Lord Grenville 
has been shamefully used, and so thinking I have, and 
shall take my part against The King's Advisers on this 
occasion, painful as it is to my feelings as to The King 
himself, and painful it is, I can assure you. I hope no 
real difference will take place between Lord Uxbridge and 
yourself on this, or any other matter. I am, Dear Sir 
Arthur, with much regard truly yours, 


Lord Paget 

My Dear Arthur, — It is almost impossible in a letter 
to give an opinion and advice upon the subject on which 
you express a wish to have Mine. To do it with propriety, 
I ought to know precisely what length you have gone 
with the Late Ministers, either in acting, or in expressing 
yourself, and I shd likewise know the real degree of strength 
and consistence that your partiality for them has obtained, 
before I can say what I think you are Jn honour bound 
to do. 

^ Lord Bulkeley, as the owner of Baron Hill, Beaumaris, possessed 
considerable political influence in Anglesea. Lord Grenville's Ministry 
was now at an end, the Duke of Portland succeeding him as ist Lord 
of the Treasury ; Major Berkeley Paget replaced his brother Arthur as 
M.P. for Anglesea. 

62 BROOKS' AND WHITE'S [ch. i 

You know we have not communed very largely upon 
public affairs, and I may therefore have mistaken you, 
but I will tell you what I have conceived to be your general 
sentiments thereon. 

I imagined you thought lightly of the Power of the Late 
Opposition — that you had a good opinion of a very few 
(two only I think) of the Ministers — that you felt an in- 
clination to be again employed, and that you have no 
sort of objection to taking employment from them — that 
under these circumstances, and having besides business 
with them that required their good will, and moreover 
preferring rather their Society and that of Brooks's to the 
Society of White's and the then Opposition, and (I may add) 
being (as I was for a time) a little staggered by their great 
professions and promises, and inclined to give them a fair 
chance of rendering these Services, of which the Country 
was said to be in so much need, you determined upon not 
opposing, and perhaps even faintly supporting the Late 
Ministers — that you had no particular attachment to them, 
and that you rather took to them as to the lesser of two 
Evils, and as being The King's Ministers, than from having 
a deep conviction of their Merits. 

These, and not stronger ones, I have really thought to 
be the motives of your opinion, and conduct, and if I have 
been right in my surmise, I cannot thereupon recommend 
you to go with them into Opposition, but supposing that 
I have mistaken you, and that your sentiments in favor of 
these Men have been stronger than I have described, still, 
I think, that attached as you have ever professed yourself 
to be to The King, the Measure which has sent them out 
ought at once to decide you to discontinue your support 
of them. I will not attempt to discuss the Merits of the 
new Catholick Bill (I cannot make up my mind as to the 
expediency of the Measure, even if The King could be 
brought to acquiesce, — I was much in favour of it, but 
great doubts have lately beset me upon it), but I will 
suppose for a moment that it is a salutary measure. Still 
I say that the touching only upon this subject in this Reign 
is iniquitous and mischievous beyond all conception. No 
Man in his Senses (after Pitt's failure with the King upon 
the subject) can have hoped for one instant that His Majesty 
(who is very likely, by the by, to be driven out of His 
Senses by the discussion) would permit the Measure to be 

1790-1808] LORD PAGET'S ADVICE 63 

adopted. Is He then to be forced to it, and how ? My 
conviction is, that He would die upon His Throne rather 
than submit. It must have been the Conviction of Minis- 
ters. To what possible good then could the discussion 
tend ? 

Hoping that I have a right conception of your mode of 
thinking, I am then of opinion, that you may honorably 
remain in Parliament, and that you may by the present 
Men be employed either at Vienna or at St. Petersburg. 
You need not take an active part, but upon the same grounds 
that you were inclined to support the Late Ministers, namely 
as being The King's Servants, you may decline opposing, 
altho' you need not warmly or even at all support the 
Present Ones. The King may himself propose your ap- 
pointment, and you may receive it from him rather than 
from Ministers. I never can think that Politicks ought to 
interfere with a Man's professional Duties. I would myself 
have accepted a Military Mission under the Late Adminis- 
tration, and I wish to see you employed in a Diplomatick 
One under this. 

If however you have gone Lengths with the Late Minis- 
ters, of which I am not aware, or if j'ou are conscientiously 
attached to the Old Foxites, and their new Adherents, 
then I see nothing left for you than to do as I did, when I 
decidedly and conscientiously differed from my Father — 
retire from Parliament ' — but before you declare for this 
measure, I intreat you to pause for a moment, and compare 
the difference between my long attachment ^ and adher- 
ence to Pitt, which obliged me to withdraw, with your 
recent adoption of the Principles or (I would rather say) 
momentary support of the measure of the Late Ministers. 

And now I must beg of you not to imagine that I am 
advocating the Cause of Messrs Hawkesbury & Co, and 
that I wish to gain them support. I have no such idea. 
I wish them well, but have no great faith in them, altho' 
I am persuaded they cannot do less weU than their pre- 

What I do wish is that you should not by your conduct 
shut the Door to Employment in your own Line, because 
(without intending to gild the Pill, if unhappily and unin- 

^ Lord Paget was out of Parliament 1S04-6. 

2 Twenty years later the writer of this letter joined the Whig Party, 
not the first or last statesman to change his views. 


tentionally what I have written is nauseous) I do think 
you may render great Service ; I do wish you to remain 
a free Agent and not to enlist in the Ranks of a Party, 
which has always been hostile to the King — that your 
Family has always been in opposition to, and that you 
have only so lately, and as I conceive so faintly, been inclined 
to lean to. . . . Ever Affecty yours, 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

UxBEiDGE House, 4 a.m., July 1st, 1807. 

My Excellent Dear Arthur, — ... I was called up 
to town a week ago to reinforce by my vote. I am desired 
to stay over next Monday, on which day Mr. Whitbread 
brings forward his motion for an enquiry into the State 
of the Nation, when a good deal of sparring is expected. 
The trial of strength took place last week when, as the 
papers will inform you, Ministers had a majority of 195 
in the Commons. I forget what it was in the Lords, but 
something full as good in proportion. 

Canning ^ loses no opportunity of speaking, and when- 
ever he does, it is with effect, and certainly seems full a 
match for Lord Howick. He in a debate this night (which 
has kept me up till this hour) carried all before him in a 
fine strain of eloquence, which was often tinctured with the 
keenest wit and satire. 

There are rumours afloat of a dreadful and disastrous 
conflict, in which the Russians are said to have lost from 
30 to 35,000 Men with Benigsen, Pahlen, and many others 
of their best officers killed. If this be so, I suppose the 
game is up, and we shall next have to oppose ourselves 
against an invasion. In the meantime I wish to God you 
was safe back in old England for the devil of any good 
can you do, at least so it is generally conjectured. 

Cambrian is ready for sea — and under Lord Gardner's 
orders which I wished. ... I conclude you got off Cadiz 
by i6th of June, and I suppose Lord Collingwood would 
send your letters as soon as possible afterwards. So that 

1 George Canning had been appointed Secretary of State for Foreign 
Affairs when the Portland Government was formed in March this year, 
his immediate predecessor in this ohice having been Lord Howick (after- 
wards Earl Grey), who had been Fox's successor. 


it is natural to expect to hear from you every day. . . . 
Believe me your most devoted and affectionate attached 


Countess of Uxbridge 

LiNDLEY Hall, July 8th, 1807. 

My Dearest Arthur, — Mr. Broughton having just 
informed me that a Vessel will sail in a few days with the 
Mail for Malta, I am happy to avail myself of it, particularly 
as my last letter to you was only a few lines. The last 
accounts received from Constantinople give me hopes that 
your reception there will be very different from that we 
expected, but still our anxiety must continue till we hear 
from you, and Mr. Arbuthnot says we must not expect 
this for two Months, a long time feeling as we do. We left 
Paget and Berkeley in the expectation of going abroad 
immediately, and Charles only staying for a Division in 
the House of Commons. It will be very forlorn to be 
without one son in England. Ours don't eat the bread 
of idleness. I had a good account of your little Louisa a 
few days ago. She was much affected at leaving me, poor 
little soul, I was so sorry to part from her. She improved 
so after the second tooth was drawn that she did not look 
like the same Child, and it quite vexed me that you never 
saw her in good looks. I am convinced that she was more 
or less in pain the whole time she was with you. We 
are in great anxiety to hear from the Prussian Army, all 
that transpires here comes from the enemy, and of course 
is as bad as possible, and we have been so much more 
in the habit of receiving bad than good news, that we 
naturally attach credit to the former. We are here on 
our Way to Wales, where the Capels are to join us. This 
is a most comfortable and unexpected circumstance, for 
they had such scruples of coming with so numerous a family 
that we had great difficulty in overcoming them. Your 
Father is to make the Enniskillens a Visit. Lord E. came 
for the meeting of Parliament, and returned after the first 
division. I hope you and dear Edward have met, and 
that you will give me a particular account of him. We 
go to Blithfield tomorrow to see his precious boy. Lady 
Paget has got all her Children with her in town, they 

66 HOPES AND FEARS [ch. i 

arrived at Eleven at Night tired to death. We went to 
see them. They were in bed and asleep, and in order 
to wake Agnes, Paget told her you was there. When she 
discovered the deception, she was very ungracious to us. 
I wish I could guess where this would find you, and that 
I could count upon your spirits being better than they 
were here. Nothing I am persuaded will produce this, but 
what I have so often recommended to you. If I could ever 
flatter myself this would happen, it would brighten my 
latter days. All here unite in love to you, believe me, 
my Dearest Arthur, Your most truly Affectionate Mother, 


Countess of Uxbridge 

Plas Newydd, July ^oih, 1807. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I am very thankful to you for 
your kind and interesting letter of the 15th of June ; and 
tho' it reached me ten days ago, my sensations are as much 
alive now, as they were at the moment I read the account 
of your Providential Escape. I shall continue to feel the 
utmost solicitude till I hear the result of your Mission, 
which all along has made me very nervous ; and your 
letter increases my fears, tho' you say we must not lose 
courage. I live in hopes of hearing you and Edward '■ 
have met. I cannot conceive greater felicity under his 
Circumstances than seeing a beloved Brother. Poor 
Charles was hurried off suddenly and unexpectedly to 
Yarmouth Roads instead of the Channel Fleet. Unless 
Lord M. has urgent reasons for his departure from his 
engagement, I shall think him hardly dealt with and he 
went away quite miserable about Elizabeth, who has the 
Hooping Cough, and every day expecting to be confined. 
There is a large Fleet assembled at the above place, and 
orders are issued for a great Infantry Force to be in readi- 
ness to embark. The Cavalry are countermanded, but I 
dare say you will have a full account of all these things 
from Paget. He very kindly sent us your letter, it is 
perfect, and I am sure must have penetrated him. I wish 
you could have seen your Father's in reply, it would have 
gratified you much, it did such ample justice to the whole 
of your conduct during that unfortunate misunderstanding. 

» Edward Paget was attached to the British Forces in Sicily this summer. 

1790-1808] WELSH ANECDOTE 67 

How fortunate now that Paget did not go to the Continent ! 
What is to become of us, when all the Powers of Europe 
have concluded a Peace, nothing I suppose but doing the 
same. A humiliating one my proud spirit will not easily 
brook. It is very good of you to consider my Eyes by 
writing so clear a Manuscript, that I had the satisfaction 
of reading it myself. I own it is a great alloy to it when 
I am obliged to employ any Eye but my own to read letters 
from those I love. I trust I shall hear from you that my 
poor dear Edward's are better. I am afraid his spirits 
are not, but I should not judge of this from his last letter, 
as the date of it would renew all his sorrow of the preceding 
year. You can expect no news from this part of the World ; 
it will be none to tell you, you are adored here by all ranks 
of people. The Col. [Peacocke] told us last night, he 
always went into the slipper bath after Mrs. P. had used it, 
she said, ' Well, Colonel, as you are determined to bounce, 
you might as well make a decent story instead of an in- 
delicate one.' He reply'd upon his honor and credit it 
was true. The Capels are just arrived all well, they will 
be a great addition to our Society, and we have Mr, Cervetto 
here. I have been very uncomfortable about your dear 
Father, who was far from well when he came a fortnight 
ago, and tho' much better, is not as I could wish him, but 
he sails every day and certainly amuses himself more here 
than any where. 

I have a more shocking story than any of yours to relate ; 
poor Lady Frederick Campbell was found burnt to death 
a few days ago, and great part of the House consumed, 
owing, it's said, to reading in bed. Remember this, my 
dearest Arthur, and I beseech you, take warning from it. 
All here unite in love to you. I cannot get over the Conduct 
of Prussia. Are we to thank Lord Douglas^ for it ? God 
Bless you, my Dearest Arthur, Believe me your most affecte 

J. U. 

Lady Elizabeth Monck 

Fareham, August ^d, 1807. 

My Dear Arthur, — You will be glad to hear that yester- 
day Morning at half past 3 o'clock Elizth was brought 

1 The Marquis of Douglas, British Minister at Berlin. 

68 BLOW AT DENMARK [ch. i 

to bed of a very fine little Girl, and that she and the Child 
are as well as can be. I arrived at 12 o'Clock on Saturday 
Night, and Sunday Morning at half past 3 o'Clock she 
was safe and well. 

The last time I heard of you was off Cadiz, and I should 
like to hear of you as you are in truth one of the few that 
I really love and esteem, and without compliment I tell 
you, it is because I think your heart the most perfect I 
ever met with. If you find time and can write to me a 
line, I shall be happy to hear. I heard from Charles the 
best accounts on the 26th, when he was Weighing Anchor 
off Yarmouth. I am now writing by Elizth's Bedside, she 
desires her love to you. God bless you, dear Arthur, 
Believe me with truth yrs most truly, 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Cambrian, Elsinore Roads, Augst 4th, 1807. 

We anchored here, my good Arthur, yesterday. So 
far from anything as yet having appeared hostile that the 
Admiral saluted Cronenburg Castle in passing it, which 
was immediately answered. We are now all moored, and 
are receiving Water and fresh Beef &c from the Shore. 
But you may rely that this is all humbug, and that in a 
very few days a blow will be struck that the Danes at 
this moment are certainly unprepared for. Lord Cathcart 
with all the Germans from Stralsund are coming this way, 
and the force which is hourly expected from England 
wiU make with the Seamen and marines, I dare say, from 
20 to 25 Thousand men. The Danish troops except 5 
Thousand men which are distributed on the Island of 
Zealand, are all at Sleswick, and Commodore Keats with a 
strong detachment is now in the Belt (I have good reason 
to believe) for the purpose of preventing the Danish troops 
being transported hence. 

The Danish fleet, I believe, are all in the arsenal at Copen- 
hagen, neither manned, or otherwise ready for sea. I 
suspect the possession of them is the object, which accom- 
plished we shall all go back to England with them, and 
leave the Crown Prince to sulk in his Island — pleasant 
treatment, unless our Government is in possession of facts 
to bear them out in so apparently unjustifiable a measure. 

1790-1808] COPENHAGEN 69 

What nonsense my writing you all this, which you will 
probably be in the secret of, and have more correct informa- 
tion about. I am going on there with Stopford tomorrow 
— ^he to taste and buy Hock, I go to visit again the Spot, 
where our friend Hamlet says ' Whither wilt thou lead 
me ? Speak, I'll go no further ! ' Hey ! 

I shall write to you, my good fellow, soon again. I 
close this now as I hear a vessel is going with dispatches 
for England. God Bless you, my dearest good Arthur. 
Ever your most affect. Brother, 

Charles Paget. 

Cambrian, off Copenhagen, September first, 1807. 

Yesterday only I received, my dearest good Arthur, 
your letter from Gibraltar, it had been a long time in reaching 
me being dated June 22nd. I anxiously hope my best 
of fellows that ere long I shall again hear from you and 
that when I do I shall be told your odious Cough has left 
you. I had hoped when you suffered from it at Portsmouth 
that it was merely a common Cough which you had caught 
from some of your night Excursions in London, but as it 
has continued upon you so long it must be of consequence 
and I beseech you my good Arthur to take care of it. I 
trust however my entreaties will not be necessary and that 
long before this you are released from it. Whether you 
have cough or not you should recollect that it is of the 
greatest moment your abstaining from much wine, but 
this injunction I believe will be unnecessary to give you. 
At least if you continue in the dreadfully low Spirits you 
last wrote in, which I hope however is not the case. The 
last letter I wrote to you from Elsinore was at a moment 
when I had been led to expect that the business we are 
employed here upon would have been over long before 
this, but alas not so and God knows when it will be or 
how it will be. The army landed sixteen days ago, with- 
out opposition, and immediately invested Copenhagen, 
since which nothing has been done but what ought and with 
ease might have been done in one week. Summons after 
Summons has been sent by Lord Cathcart and each time 
rejected. The bombardment has been expected to com- 
mence this week past but as often as the days pass we 
are all disappointed. To do justice I must say that Sir 


Home Popham has shewn an unceasing anxiety to antici- 
pate the wants of the army and every thing that could be 
wanted from us has been rendered with the greatest cor- 
diality, but I lament to perceive that there unhappily 
exists a Jealousy towards us blue Jackets which at any time 
is unfortunate but very particularly so in a joint operation 
between the two Services. 

Whenever Lord Cathcart does begin there will be a 
Hell of a crash. Our Batteries are within five Hundred 
Yards of the Works, from which we shaU open about fifty 
Mortars and about as many again heavy guns — our army 
consists of about 28,000 Men, ten or eleven thousand 
of which are Germans, the rest British and a finer set 
of looking fellows I never before beheld. The Garrison of 
Copenhagen does not consist of more than four thousand 
regular troops, the rest are Burghers trained to arms, and 
good figures they are, if they are all like the prisoners I 
have seen of which we have taken many. 

A Sortie was made yesterday morning which brought 
on some sharp firing during the time it lasted. Sir D. 
Baird was slightly wounded. The Danes were beaten back 
with considerable loss, ours was trifling. The most for- 
midable annoyance to us are the Gunboats, which they 
have as well as Mortar boats in a great numbers. Twice 
have these Gentlemen obliged our Gunbrigs with their 
nasty short Carronades to withdraw from their advanced 
position. Yesterday there was a sad accident happened 
by a shell exploding in the Magazine of one of the brigs. 
She instantly blew up, and of course many lives were lost. 
Three shells dropped close alongside of us, but happily 
they did not burst. This is the Consequence of having 
the honor of being the advanced frigate. 

I look upon it that a clever Engineer would set fire to 
us from the Crown battery whenever he chose. Pleasant. 
This however is not all, for at night I have the Charge of 
all the barges in the fleet and three schooners under my orders 
which I dispose of so as to give us notice in time of fire 
vessels, which are expected out every night to set fire 
to the fleet, and Admiral Gambler depends upon me (he 
told me) that his fleet is not destroyed — so that my post 
is not one in which one is likely to enjoy undisturbed repose. 
I find my dearest fellow I must leave you, as I dine on 
board the Mars, and it is the dinner hour. 

1790-1808] CONJECTURES 71 

September 2nd. 

Another summons was sent in yesterday evening which 
produced that sort of answer from the Governor of Copen- 
hagen as to make it necessary that another answer should 
be sent to it, but I hear from Mr. Taylor who I have on 
board here, that he has no Idea of the Danish fleet being 
to be given up, and that consequently the bombardment 
will commence in the Course of this day. Do you know 
Mr. Taylor ? he seems to be a very gentlemanly pleasant 
man. His being on board the Cambrian arose from my 
being sent early in this business to communicate with 
him from Copenhagen and to receive him on board when- 
ever he judged it expedient to take his departure from 
thence. This he did in a D — d hurry one day, leaving 
his Carriage and all his things behind him which appeared 
to me to have been an unnecessary Measure. 

Mr. Jackson who was sent out to act jointly with Mr. 
Taylor is on board the Prince of Wales with Admiral 
Gambler ; I fancy their instructions are to remain here 
and to seize any opportunity which may offer of adjusting 
matters with Denmark, should the Danes show a desire 
to accept the terms that have been proposed. Of this 
however I have no Idea, on the Contrary I rather think 
they will sooner suffer their Capital to be destroyed by our 
bombardment and their fleet in flames than give it up 
to us. 

We hear that Russia has declared war against us, if 
this be true I hope whoever commands in the Mediter- 
ranean will, pounce upon the Russian fleet and give a 
good account of it. The Danish and Russian fleet thus 
destroyed we may bid defiance to the worst they can do. 
The next thing should be (if this General Junot is going 
to Portugal to make that power shut her ports against 
us) to send a fleet of twenty Sail of the Line under old Coly, 
to force the Passage of the Tagus. ... I take or destroy 
the Portuguese fleet, if we thus lick them all in detail 
they cannot disturb us much for some years. 

Admiral Gambler has promised me that the moment 
this service is executed I shall be sent to the Westward. 
The wise thing would be to send me home with the 
despatches when this place surrenders. 

I have written to Elizabeth to recommend her going to 
town as soon as she is perfectly recovered. Change of air 


is recommended to her to cure her of her Cough — from 
Town she would either go to Yarmouth to meet me, or 
if I am ordered at once to the Westward she would do 
as originally intended, go to the Government House at 

I had a letter three days ago from Henry Pierrepont, 
he wrote from the Island of Rugen and gave a lamentable 
account of the situation of things there. The French he 
says may transport themselves from Stralsund whenever 
they please — and whenever they do he shall have nothing 
for it but take his departure with all speed, for which 
purpose he has a Sloop of War in waiting. 

I also hear that the Swedes have not transport to with- 
draw their troops from that Island and that they will be 
obliged to surrender with it. . . . 

I expect to hear that Martin has taken the Canopus. 
She is a noble Ship, but altogether a Three Decker is better 
adapted for an Admiral's Ship. I can easily believe all you 
have said about the beastly state in which you first found 
the Queen, her late Commander is insufferably bad and 
always was in the discipline and order of his Ship. The 
Revenge is, I know, a very imposing Ship, but you may 
rely upon it that she does not possess those eligible qualities 
that many inferior looking Ships do. AU those I have seen 
say she is crank and leewardly. These are two qualities 
than which nothing can be worse, as you by this time 
must well understand. Whenever I am destined to com- 
mand a Ship of the Line, I should have no hesitation in 
giving my Choice to the Donegal, for she is not only a 
perfect Man of War, but she is besides perfectly beautiful. 

Remember, my dearest Arthur, to get me something 
pretty for Elizabeth if you have the opportunity. I wiU 
go to the amount of a Hundred Pounds, which will be 
payable to your account at Drummond's whenever you 
call for it. If matters should turn out so that you should 
visit Constantinople I am told there are very joUy sort 
of things for Turbans of Muslin &c. Your taste is good, 
and you'll know the sort of things she would like. 

A vessel is going they say with dispatches for England 
today. I shall write to you again, my dearest fellow, very 
soon. Pray continue to do so to me. I wish your letters 
were not always so infernally long in reaching me. How 
soon do you think your mission will be at an end ? I 


want you back again in old England, where I wish to 
Heavens I was myself — and that this tiresome war was 
over, for I have no hesitation in declaring that I am most 
heartily sick of it. This you will not find much difficulty 
in believing.' 

C. P. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Cambrian, at Sea, Deer 28th, 1807. 

My Dearest Good Arthur, — It is not a very easy 
matter, as experience no doubt has taught you, to write 
a letter under the Storm Staysails and close reefed Main 
Topsail, but I must try what I can do in order to have 
one ready for the first opportunity. I left the Squadron 
off Ferrol day before yesterday, and on board L'Achille 
I had the good fortune not only to find letters from Elizabeth 
but those very interesting ones from yourself which I 
fancy were forwarded by the Neptune to Lord Gardner. 
Never to be sure was anything half so vexatious as our 
crossing so near each other without actually meeting, ^ 
particularly as it occurs to me that a frigate which passed 
hull dowTi to windward of us just out of sight of Signals 
the day before I found Lord Gardner, was very probably 
the very Thetis. 

In short that and what occurred a few days afterwards 
may be fairly reckoned most unfortunate events for surely 
they are so, the not falling in with the Brother who did 
particularly want to see you, and the meeting with one 
who did not wish it, or at least declined it. This, my dear 
Arthur, actually happened and to me it remains almost 

I will relate the case briefly as it happened. I fell in 
on a very fine day with the Euryalus and a Convoy from 
Mediterranean, after making each other known a telegraph 
message from that Ship announced that General Paget 
was in the fleet — but for this I was going to haul my wind 
and be off, as I had no business with them. Of course 
I continued my course to speak the frigate to ascertain 

^ Sir A . P. returned to England at the end of this year on the conclusion 
of his abortive mission to Turkey, not having " slept on shore for seven 


on board which Ship my brother was. She was pointed 
out to me dlose to us. I pushed on to speak her, with 
the boat all ready for lowering down either to take me 
to him or if he liked it better to come to me. When on 
hailing the Ship the poor dear fellow declined a closer 
meeting, I was perfectly beat at so unexpected a disappoint- 
ment, would not press myself further and sent my letters 
to him and we parted Company. Therefore I again repeat 
the having fallen in with him and the not falling in with 
you were most cruel circumstances. I shall long to hear 
from you, my excellent good Arthur, again as I am anxious 
to know where you landed. It appears to me likely that 
Plymouth was not an ineligible Port to proceed for as it 
did not, I think, blow propitious breezes for going to the 
Eastward but on the contrary staggering Gales from the 
N. No'th East which would at all Events render Plymouth 
a likely spot for the anchor to get a berth in. A short 
letter I wrote from the Ville de Paris just before I parted 
Company will have told you how to direct your letters 
to me, lest you should not have received it I will repeat 
the direction, viz. H.M.S. Cambrian, care of Captn Bedford, 
Ville de Paris off Ushant, and if you are now, my best of 
fellows, half as kind to me in the writing way as you have 
been during your absence from England I shall be gratified 
beyond measure and more obliged to you than I can de- 
scribe. You will not wonder at my estimating letters so 
highly after the pleasure you have yourself derived from 
them in your late undertaking. Old Billy Blue on the 
contrary used in his growling old way to say " it's plaguy 
odd to me what people can have to write about — for my 
part ! " If you had not come home yourself and had 
forwarded certain enclosures to me the prophecy in one 
of your letters would have been completely fulfilled, namely 
that instead of having it in my power immediately to 
deliver them, that I should just receive them the first 
week of a three or four Months' Cruize. 

I shall be quite mortified if we don't meet at the expira- 
tion of it. You must know that I have every reason to 
suppose that this will be my last bout in a frigate. This 
I pretty well understood from Lord Mulgrave when we last 
parted, when he said you had better keep and get out 
of the way of the Admiralty as soon as possible, as you 
have passed the period for remaining in a frigate. There- 

1790-1808] MAN OVERBOARD 75 

fore, my dear Arthur, what I would have you do is to 
ascertain from him what his intentions are with respect 
to my continuing or not in the Cambrian on her next return 
to Port. If to remain in her another cruize well and good, 
if not I wish you and authorize you to express my desire 
not quite immediately to be turned into a Ship of the Line, 
but be allowed to attend my seat in Parliament for a short 
time prior to embarking again. This will be a very fair 
sort of humbug. In no other hands do I feel myself so 
safe as in yours. I therefore, my dear Arthur, beg you 
to undertake this negotiation for me and the result pray 
have the goodness to communicate to me. I have with 
me the Revolutionaire and a charming frigate she is. We 
sail as nearly alike as possible. We have rather the advan- 
tage going large, she rather has it in a head sea or a Wind. 
It now blows precious hard at South West, last night in 
taking the Fore and Mizen Topsails in a poor fellow fell 
lumpus down, pitched into the Mizen Chains and then map 
overboard. I jumped on deck in my Shirt on hearing a 
proper kick up, and found that four gallant lads had been 
lowered down in the Whale boat in quest of the poor fellow 
but of course without success. As I look upon it the fall 
into the Chains killed him before he reached the water, 
tho' some of the fellows say they heard him singing out 
after he was in the water. At all Events either way he 
had not long to scuffle for it, for there was a devil of a Sea 
running and it's a wonder to me that the boat lived. 

I forget whether I told you before that my orders are to 
go off Ferrol every fortnight just to communicate with the 
Senior Officer there, by which means I shall as I have done 
receive my letters. I shall write to you again, my best of 
fellows, very soon, at present the old Devil is kicking about 
so I can hardly write. For ever yours, my dearest old Boy, 
with the warmest affection, 

C. P. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Cambrian at Anchor off the Bayonne Islands, 

J any 26th, 1808. 

I arrived here, my good Arthur, four days ago, and by 
so doing have escaped two ferocious Gales of Wind, the 
first at North East in which I ran for this famous anchorage, 
the last and present one being on the contrary at South 


West. During one fine day we have had I managed to 
get fifty Tons of water off from the above Islands as well 
as a good Stock of Sand for your friend the Holy Stone 
to grate upon, I mean to start again whenever it moder- 
ates, at present theres not any appearance of its so doing. 
On the contrary it Blows hard enough (as I dare say you 
have heard them say) to blow the Devil's horns off. 

I found the Pomone and Alcmene here. The first has 
since sailed which I was not sorry for as I am no admirer 
of Captain Barry. He is the Man who was second to 
Macnamara — in the duel with poor Montgomery. Captain 
Brisbane of the other frigate informs me that Captain 
Barry's constant occupation is practising with his pistols 
and that before I arrived he went on shore every day and 
did not content himself with breaking the Neck of a bottle 
at twelve paces at every shot but positively fired into the 
Mouth of one that part being presented to him. A pleasant 
sort of fellow to quarrel with, 

I was not a little disappointed in finding no letters for 
me off Ferrol last week, particularly as the same was the 
case the fortnight before when I called there. I mean 
to try again on my way to the Northward. I have been 
out Eight Weeks today and by Eight more I trust I shall 
be in Plymouth Sound, or perhaps sooner as my orders 
are to be with the fleet by the tenth of March from whence 
I trust I shall be ordered in, as fourteen weeks is quite 
enough for any Ship at this or indeed at any time of the 
year. I shall long to hear from you after you have seen 
Lord Mulgrave on my account. Since I last wrote I have 
seen a newspaper which reported the Ponipee to be ordered 
to Chatham, I conclude to be paid off and repaired. Now 
the Pompee is a delightful Ship and would be coming 
forward again probably about the time I should wish to 
take a Ship of the Line, in which case I know of no Ship I 
would sooner have that's in England and disposeable. 

I have been in considerable alarm about my Prize as I 
hear the Channel swarms with French privateers. Had I 
known so I certainly would have seen her safe within the 
Eddystone and then resumed my Station, had I done which 
I should have saved myself much subsequent anxiety. I 
trust however the same particular good fortune which 
attended the capture will have continued till her safe 
arrival of which I shall be most desirous of receiving ac- 


counts. Such a Prize has not been taken these three 
years by any of the Channel Cruizers and I beheve I am 
not too sangume in my expectations of receiving six or 
seven thousand pounds for my Share, which will be a 
pretty little addition to my small fortune. 

Of course you are now settled in your old rooms at Ux- 
bridge House. It will not be bad fun when from the end of 
the passage we shaU hear each giving the other a Hail 
of a Morning, and then going down, as we used to do, to 
breakfast with my father and jMother. You dear fellow, 
how I wish for such days again, which I trust you will 
manage by your arrangements with Lord Mulgrave, who 
by this time I dare say has had lots of applications for this 

The loss of the Anson was a sad concern. Conceive what 
their feelings must have been from the Evening of her 
anchoring to the moment of either being saved, or on 
the contrary drowned. To be either killed in action out- 
right, or to be drowned downright, are neither pleasant, 
but nothing to the situation of a Man who for hours and 
hours continues to exist in momentary expectation of such 
a death as poor Captain Lydiard. 

I understood the letters for the Ferrol Squadron and the 
Cambrian were on board of her which however does not 
appear very likely as she was certainly going off that 
precious Place the black Rocks. 

The papers I have seen state the Thetis to have arrived 
at Portsmouth. Could you possibly have had the patience 
with a North East Wind to beat up Channel when you had 
Falmouth or Plymouth under your Lee? I joined the 
Squadron the Evening I wrote the enclosed and a telegraph 
message informed me there were no letters for me. This, 
my dearest fellow, you consider pleasant. I dined with 
King on board L'Achille yesterday and parted last night. 
The Revolntionaire is now on her way home, but as I am 
also bomid to the Northward we shall keep company till 
tomorrow. I wish, my good fellow, you would ascertain if 
you can what Ships of the Line are coming forward at 
Plymouth. There was a certain Duguay Troui^i now caUed 
L' Implacable which struck me as a particular fine Ship. 
There was also another called the Formidable, both 8o's, 
and the sort of Ships the Malta and Canopus are. I should 
like one of these kind and I should prefer fitting a Ship at 


Plymouth to another Port. I shall return off Ferrol in 
ten days from hence and trust I shall be then more fortunate 
in finding letters. The fact is that the audacious little 
Gosling, who had just joined from Plymouth, did not know 
I was to be found off Ferrol and not having any communica- 
tion with the Ville de Paris did not bring my letters. Your 
devoted and affectionate 

Charles Paget. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Cambrian, at Sea, February 5th, 1808. 

On my return to the Northward, my dearest fellow, from 
watering at Vigo (or rather at the Bayonne Islands) I fell 
in first with the Ferrol Squadron, where I did not find a 
single letter from Sir Richard King. I learned that the 
Rochfort Squadron had escaped and that Sir Richard 
Strachan was gone after them. I then stood to the North- 
ward again and the next day saw Seven Sail of the Line to 
Leeward under a press of sail. I ran down towards them 
immediately and before dark got near enough to exchange 
private signals which satisfied me that the Squadron was 
Strachan's. I continued towards him as he made the recal 
Signal, and went on board of the Ccssar immediately after 
passing within hail. Can't you figure to yourself Sir Dicky 
bawling his lungs out to know whether I had seen the 
French Squadron ? 

On getting on board I found him in a proper stew at 
the fellows having evaded him. The fault of which he 
seems not to hesitate in attributing to the Captain of the 
Phoenix in not at once proceeding to Sir Richard's Rendez- 
vous, which had he done, he says no power could have 
prevented his getting hold of them. After this growl he 
told me he was afraid he should annoy me by interfering 
with my orders but that actually not having a single frigate 
with him or any small vessel by which to send dispatches 
he felt under the absolute necessity of taking me under 
his orders. So, my dear old Boy, here I am voguing away 
down the Coast of Portugal and shall be off Lisbon tomorrow 
morning, from thence if we get no intelligence of the French 
Squadron I conclude we shall proceed to Lord CoUingwood 
and then God knows where. Should you like, should you 
prefer, when you had calculated on being in Port with 

1790-1808] OFF LISBON 79 

your wife &c. in another month, to be 0' the instant hurled 
off to the Mediterranean or West Indies. Wherever we go 
I shall be satisfied, provided we have but the good fortune 
to get hold of the Jockeys. This Squadron is a fine one 
consisting of the Ccesar, Spartan, Canopus, Renown, 
Superb, Cumberland, Warrior, and Cambrian. They all 
seem to sail pretty much alike. We spare them a great 
deal of sail which is pleasant. Conceive the stupidity of 
Captain Bedford of the Ville de Paris sending all my letters 
to the CcBsar off Rochfort (he might as well have sent them 
to Siberia it having been a mere chance my meeting her) 
instead of to the Achilles off Ferrol. Sir Richard feeling 
it a mistake, and not even knowing where I was likely to 
be found, returned them back to Plymouth. Thus, my 
good Arthur, it is accounted for my finding no letters on 
my last three visits off Ferrol. I am now at a loss how to 
advise you to direct to me as my destination at this moment 
seems so uncertain. Whenever it is fixed you shall hear it. 
I suppose we shall see Sir Charles Cotton tomorrow when I 
will add to this. God bless you, my best of fellows. 

Cape St. Vincent, East three Leagues, Feby yth. 
We reached the Rock of Lisbon, my dearest Arthur, 
yesterday and looked into the Tagus, where we saw the 
Russian Squadron in the offing and a long way to Leeward 
was Sir Charles Cotton. It immediately occurred to me 
that, had the Rochfort Squadron been in our situation, 
with what perfect ease might they in defiance of Sir Charles 
have got into the Tagus, and thus have formed a force 
which would have been infinitely superior to his own. We 
all bore away for him and Sir Richard went on board in 
the night. Afterwards we again shaped a Course for Cape 
St. Vincent off which we arrived this morning. So reduced 
is the Ccesar in her water as also two others of the Squadron 
that they have been obliged to bring to and take it out 
of those Ships which have a little more than themselves. 
And this is a Squadron which has been blockading another 
and supposed capable of following it to any part of the 
Globe. Where the blame attaches I know not but it is too 
glaring not to occur to me and to you. I write just what 
I feel not wishing it to go further. We fell in with the 
Confiance yesterday, and what with her Commander's 
knowing the Rochfort Squadron was at Sea and a proper 


misunderstanding amongst our private signals we frightened 
them somewhat. It appears that new private signals have 
been given out, which she was in possession of and we 
not, so that each made his own signal, both feeling perfectly 
right, but both seeing that neither were properly answered. 
I was therefore sent in Chace and after making some other 
signals such as our own Number and that of the CcBsars 
with the Compass Signal, I got him to bring to. A Telegraph 
told us that Sir John Duckworth was gone after the French 
Squadron and intended touching at Madeira, Teneriffe, 
and take the round of the West Indies. 

Having got so far Sir Richard thought it right this morning 
to go off Cadiz to ascertain from our Squadron there whether 
the foe were gone up the Mediterranean, and I was dis- 
patched only two hours ago as the avant courier and to 
return to Sir Richard, who I was to find off Cape St. Mary. 
A brig however has joined the Squadron since I left it, 
and just as it was scarcely possible to discern the Colour 
of the recall flag, I made it out. Sir Dicky blazing away 
signal guns like the Devil for me to come back. I conclude 
therefore this brig has given him some intelligence to 
render it unnecessary going at all off Cadiz. It is not 
improbable but that I shall be sent home with an account 
of Sir Richard's proceedings as he seems to think people 
at home will be anxious to learn where he is. I understood 
from him that he intends going home with the Squadron. 
I never saw a fellow so vexed as he is at his misfortune. 

This letter, my dearest fellow, is somewhat in the way 
of those you used to write to me from Sea. I think it is 
the best way, and I will therefore add to this again. Addio. 

By the bye the cause of the alteration in the private 
Signals is from the Sagacity of (I don't know which adminis- 
tration) allowing the Russians to possess them — -pleasant 
going down in a frigate to a Line of Battle Ship feeling in 
perfect security from the Private Signal having been made 
and probably answered, and on going within hail seeing 
the Lower Deck guns run out and all clear for action. This 
may be some fellow's lot yet. 

Cape Trafalgar, East Ten Leagues, Feby 8th. 
The Brig I mentioned to you, my dearest Arthur, yester- 
day gave Sir Richard intelligence which has made him 
carry sail like the Devil to get off Cadiz, which we have 

1790-1808] A GENERAL CHASE 81 

not been yet able to effect from the Wind blowing exactly 
from the point which from Cape St. Vincent would have 
been the course to have steered to make Cadiz. On return- 
ing to him yesterday he telegraphed me to say that it 
was probable he should have to go into the Mediterranean 
from the intelligence the Brig had given him, but that 
the necessity would be ascertain'd on his communicating 
with our Squadron off Cadiz and that in either case I was 
to carry home his dispatches. This latter communication 
I was not sorry to receive as it would be a proper take in 
being pressed from a Cruize by yourself in the old bay to 
the blockade of Toulon or Carthagena or some such thing 
for God knows how long. Yours for ever most affectionately, 

C. P. 

Capt. Hon, Charles Paget 

Cambrian at Sea, Cape Finisterre E.N.E. 100 Leagues, 

Feby i6ih, 1808. 

The day after I wrote to you last, my dearest Arthur, 
we joined Admiral Purvis' Squadron off Cadiz, where T 
found several of my friends, amongst which Lord Henry 
Paulet who enquired particularly after you. A Report 
of Six Sail of the Line having been seen on the 26th ultimo 
off Cape de Gatt steering for the Mediterranean determined 
Sir Richard to enter the Straights, and, if he found the 
nraiour authentic, to proceed and join Lord Collingwood 
in Sicily or Admiral Thomborough off Toulon whichever 
way the said Squadron had gone. There's no doubt but 
that a French Squadron may at any time get into the 
Mediterranean unperceived by ours off Cadiz, if ours is 
always where we found it. 

I am confident for instance that Sir Richard might with 
the greatest ease by keeping the Barbary Shore well on 
board have passed up completely unknown to Admiral 
Purvis. When they did see us, we put them for two or 
three hours in a fidget, and occasioned a General Chace. I 
was sent ahead to give notice of the approach but not a 
sufficient start was given, so that I only communicated 
with Admiral Purvis an hour before the Ccesar got up. The 
Ships advanced most in their Chace towards us was the 
Bulwark and Terrible, the old Queen and Atlas. When the 
little boat was [sic] Fame and Revenge were in shore, 
the latter carried away her Top Gallt Masts in the Chace, 

82 ORDERED HOME [ch. i 

in short we put them properly to it. There were besides 
the Ships I have mentioned the Illustrious, Excellent, 
Courageous and one or two more. Sir Richard is a good 
deal annoyed at going into the Mediterranean but he was 
obliged (he told me) as Admiral Purvis, that glorious hero, 
had intimated to him that if he, Sir Richard, did not follow 
his advice in going he should take upon himself to order 
him. Of the two Sir Richard preferred taking the advice, 
meaning if he found on getting to Gibraltar or elsewhere 
that the report was without foundation to return im- 
mediately to England. This he could not do had Admiral 
Purvis furnished him with an order to proceed and join 
Lord CoUey or old Thomborough. For my part I am glad 
to be clear of them. I am charged with Sir Richard and 
Admiral Purvis's dispatches and am ordered direct to Ply- 
mouth with them, but as bad luck will have it I am still 
humbugged with calms and variable airs of wind, having 
till now had to contend against one of those stiflmg Northerly 
breezes which prevail so much on the Coast of Portugal, 
to get out of which I have stood to the Westward as far 
Seventeen, and we are now what you call in the Trolly 
Lollys, having run out of the Northerly wind and not 
having quite reached a Westerly one, which however will, I 
expect, be the first. 

We spoke two days ago the Prince Ernest outward Bound 
Packet 5 days from Falmouth, My only object was to 
find out whether my Prize had arrived safe, which I partly 
did hear, that is, I was informed that a rich French Merchant 
Ship had reached England about a Month ago, but to what 
Ship she was Prize I could not learn. Now as there was 
only one French Merchant Ship everybody tells me on the 
ocean, I am inclined to hope this said one that arrived a 
month ago is the Cambrian's. Am I, or am I not, to see 
you, my dearest good Arthur ? Of one thing I am certain 
that you cannot be more desirous than I am. 

C. P. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Apr. 21, i8o8, 

. . . You found Paget in a wig, he prevailed on me to 
get one also, which I did as my hair was falling and was 
very thin. I however got so sick of it that I dowsed it a 

1790-1808] CHARLES' RETURN 83 

fortnight ago, and I am now a pretty good figure with 
my new crop. I flatter myself it will be long enough by 
the return of the Cambrian. 

If it was not for looking for the Revolutionaire I had 
intended being off Ferrol tomorrow where I trust I shall 
find letters. If I don't see her in a couple of days I shall 
give the thing up and go there. I calculate much, my 
excellent dear Arthur, on our meeting on my return, if 
we don't I shall be very much disappointed. As to your 
going to Vienna I conclude in the present State of the 
Continent you would not undertake it. So that I am easy 
as to your continuance in England. . . . Your most attached 
and affect. C. P. 

Hon. Berkeley Paget 

PoRTMAN St., July 20th, 1808. 

My Dear Arthur, — I wiU do all I can to provide you 
with such a Person as you want. My Housekeeper is a 
steady sort of Body, and may be able to hear of a Lady 
that may suit, provided you determine on not accepting 
the Services of Mr. Grenville's Dame. I will ask Sanderson 
more particularly about her. 

Charles arrived early this Morning at Lewisham, and 
we came to town together after Breakfast. We return to 
Dinner, and he starts in the Morning for Portsmouth. The 
Revenge is to be out of Dock on the nth. He goes to 
Pljmiouth for a week previous to his taking Charge of the 

I am glad you are so comfortably lodged at Heckfield 
Grove. From Charles's Account, it must be the same you 
mentioned to me when we last met. Nothing but my 
going out of the Country on some Expedition ^ shall prevent 
my paying you a Visit. At present everything is uncertain, 
and I do not like to be out of the way. People say the 
Duke is going. I protest I am in ignorance. But I think 
I am likely to go one way or the other, either with my 
Regiment or with him. I hope what is going on may 
answer but I begin to be less sanguine. However I've no 

1 Ten thousand men under the command of Sir Arthur Wellesley, 
having sailed from Cork on July 12th, landed at Corunna on the 20th. 
Lord Paget's regiment, the 7th Hussars, in which his brother Berkeley 
served as major, formed part of reinforcements sent out later. 

84 "BEN" AND THE ARMY [ch. i 

business to think — particularly as I am ready and willing 
to start at a moment's Notice. 

The Princess of Wales enquired very particularly about 
you yesterday, and desired to be most kindly remembered 
to you. " Give my best Love to Artur." He 1 

I take Henry to Worthing on the nth to join his Family, 
and on the 12th I go to Brighton to see Ben. After which 
I stay two days with Lady P., and then take the Duke's 
Birthday on the i6th at Oatlands. Then I go to Spain. 

Do you think Ben would like to command the Army 
there ? What a d — d fuss he would be in, and be the first 
to nm away. " God d — me they're firing at me ! O 
Lord ! Take care of me, Ben Bloomfield." ^ Believe me 
most affiy, 

Berkeley Paget. 

Capi. Hon. Charles Paget 

Govt. House, Portsmouth, July 27th, 1808. 

My Dearest Arthur, — . . . The fact is that Lord Mul- 
grave has made me an offer I cannot, I feel, with propriety 
decline ; it is the command of the Revenge. He has strictly 
enjoined the most scrupulous secrecy, & therefore, till you 
hear of my appointment, pray don't mention it to a soul — 
she is, as you know, just returned from off Cadiz, & being 
well manned & otherwise a fine Ship & now in Portsmouth 
Harbour to be docked, I cannot but consider the offer as 
a very eligible & handsome one on the part of Lord Mul- 
grave, & one which I am sure you will think me right in 
accepting. Believe me for ever yours, 


Since I last mentioned the Scipion to you, her defects 
have been ascertained to be so great that it will be Christmas 
at soonest before she will be out of Dock, & the latter end 
of Feby. before ready for sea, which would be too long in 
these times of expeditions for me to be idle on shore. 

1 Sir Benjamin (afterwards Lord) Bloomfield was Controller of the 
Household to the Prince of Wales, whose attention he had first attracted 
by his social and musical attainments, when quartered as a young officer 
at Brighton about the year 1806. He succeeded Sir J. McMahon in 1817 
as private secretary, but was dismissed in 1822, having incurred the dis- 
pleasure of the then all-powerful Lady Conyngham. Bloomfield, how- 
ever, knew too many court secrets to be cashiered mthout compensations, 
and he was accordingly created a peer and appointed Minister at Stock- 
holm. He died in 1846. 

1790-1808] AT THE PAVILION 85 

I send you dimensions of Revenge which rather exceed 
those of Le Scipion being — 

Gun Deck Keel. Breadth. Tonnage, 


182 150.3. 49. 1919. 

Hon. Berkeley Paget 

Lewisham, Aug., 1808. 

I found your letters, my dear Arthur, yesterday on my 
return to this Place. I have sent, that one which relates to 
Newspapers to Sanderson, and desired him, being in London, 
to make the Arrangement you wish, not forgetting the two 
last Cobbett's, the last of which is harder than ever upon 
the Duke. I was at Worthing with Sefton * when it arrived. 
He was pretty good upon it. When I returned from 
Brighton to Worthing, I found Sefton waiting my arrival 
to hear all that pass'd at the Pavilion, which amused him 
much. When Ben's ^ Health was drunk, he got up, said 
how much gratified he was at seeing so many of his friends 
round him, that if there was any one there to whom he 
had not personally address'd hims.elf, it must be attributed 
to the hurry of the moment and not to want of attention, 
adding ' We all have our faults, and tho' I may have many, 
I believe you will all do me the justice to admit i]i3.\. forsaking 
my Friends is not one of them. I believe my worst Enemy 
can't accuse me of that.' What do you think of that ? 
Upon my honor those were his words, as nearly as I recol- 
lect, and I took particular Notice. Sefton almost died. 
Brummell was not bad, when I related it. He [the Prince] 
was very gracious to me. I found a room ready at a house 
near the Pavilion, and was desired to consider my self as 
belonging to it during my stay — which I took advantage 
of during the two days, and was press'd to stay a third, 
but was anxious to make my Report to Sefton and Brum- 
meU. I could keep it in no longer. We had him at Oat- 
lands on the i6th. 

I will find out whether the Duke would like to take 
' Oatlands ' back. As the Shooting is near at hand, and 

1 William, 2nd Earl of Sefton, born 1772, married Hon. Maria Craven. 
They were great patrons of Creevcy, the Diarist, who often refers to them 
in his Journal. 2 xhe Prince of Wales. 

86 LADY PAGET [ch. i 

the Grey is pretty handy for the Purpose, I think it not 
unHkely he would buy him. I shall see him on Friday. 
He desired to be particularly remember'd to you, when I 
presented your Duty to him the other day, so did the 
Duchess. She has a party for the next three weeks, of 
which I must occasionally make one, so that between 
that and this I hardly think I can get to Portsmouth. I 
take a few of the first days of September with John Warde, 
who is not far from here, he promises much sport. He is 
not bad sport himself. I left Car very well on Tuesday. 
Poor little Henry and a Pony he was riding on the sands 
came down, and both his Front Teeth are broke very 
badly and two or three of his lower ones. I have seen 
Waite, who from my accounts, seems to think little can be 
done to remedy the Defect. He that thou knowest thine, 


Lady Paget 

Worthing, Wednesday, Aug. i8, 1808. 

My Dearest Arthur,— ... I wish you would not 
tantalize me by talking of ever going abroad with you, it 
would be much too delightful to happen to me. I am 
glad to hear you have at last got a Housekeeper you like ; 
pray tell Augusta with my love I beg she will not give 
up her two Shifts a day, I think she is quite right. I 
cannot say how much your letter amused me, pray never 
think of a Frank, for I am quite happy the day I have a 
letter from you. 

I was very well amused at Brighton, and I must tell you 
that Villiers ' and I are reconciled, he said he could not 
bear to see me so altered to him etc., and a thousand things 
that were kind, and as he used to be, at the same time 
denied all that Ly J. had ever said, and expected me to 
believe him, which I could not, but promised for his sake 
I would forget it, that he and I might live on good terms ; 
he seemed very much surprized I would not instantly change 
my opinion about her, but that I never can do, for I know 
her too well. 

I am sorry to say Charlotte ^ continues very ill, she is 
scarcely able to sit up even while her bed is made, the Dr. 

^ Her eldest brother, the Earl of Jersey, 
* Her sister. Lady Williani Russell. 

1790-1808] THE BRITISH BAYONET 87 

has been here for two days, but she did not see him. I do 
not feel happy about her, I found her so much worse when 
I came back, and she is weaker every day. I do not, 
thank God, see much of that odious Ly E. I did not intend 
even to visit her, but unfortunately she would be good 
natured about Henry, and I could not help seeing her, so 
you see all my good resolutions are spoilt. 

Ld Sefton and Mr. Brummell are gone today; I am 
quite sorry, for Ld S. has been so very amiable to us. I 
have just received the Bracelet you ordered for Augusta, 
it is a beauty, just fit for her, but I think it safer to keep it 
till I see you. God bless you. 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Sept. I, 1808. 

My Dearest Arthur,—. . . I congratulate you with all 
my soul on the news just brought from Lisbon by the 
Thunderer. I saw Brown, who was sent home with Sir 
A. Wellesley's dispatches, just as he was getting into his 
Chaise to set off, and he told me that after two separate 
battles, the one on the 17th, the other on the 21st Ultmo,i 
that the French under Junot were entirely defeated with 
the loss of all their cannon etc. 

The loss of the British was also considerable, but the 
particulars you will receive in a Gazette, which of course 
will be published. Huzza for the old British Bayonet ! 

I was very unexpectedly, tho' agreeably, surprized to 
receive my orders today to take under my Charge the East 
India fleet {now ready here), and proceed with them to Madeira 
there to give time for two of the Ships to take in their 
Cargo of that wine, then to proceed as far as the Tropic, 
which after seeing them safe across, I am to make their 
signal to part company, and proceed to their destination, 
and myself to return to Cawsand bay for further orders. I 
suppose, if I had written the orders myself, they could not 
have been more to my satisfaction, and if poor Lome ' 
is serious in his desire to go with me, it is the thing of all 
others that I should conceive would most suit him. No 
time however should be lost, as we shall certainly sail by 
the middle of the week, if there's anything of a slant of 

1 At Rorica and Vimiero. 2 The Duke of Argyll. 


wind to do so. For ever, my dearest fellow, your most 


We are only detained in Harbour for a slant to lie out — 
in every other respect ready for sea 

My father is still here, but goes he says the day after 
tomorrow, Berkeley went yesterday. My father is far 
from being as well as he was when he came, and I wish he 
was safe back. He is now in one continued state of stupor, 
and it is only by incessant goading that I can get him to 
move at all from his lethargy. If you could send me a 
little good Tobacco for this cruize, I should be so obliged 
to you. Did Lome tell you that he broke my favourite 
long pipe in two in getting out of my carriage that night ? 
Poor fellow, how like him ! 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge, Portsmouth Harbour, 2nd Sept., 1S08. 

My Dearest Arthur, — ... It is perfectly miraculous 
that Ly Willm. should have held out in this extraordinary 
way. . . . My father, poor old boy, has been so extremely 
unwell these three days past that I began to feel uneasy 
at his being so far from his own home, and from Farquhar 
etc. I therefore was obliged to tell him I thought he had 
better return, and he did so this morning. I am certain 
I speak within bounds, when I say that such has been his 
state of lethargy that he has not been awake six hours 
the last three days and nights, added to this he had lost 
his appetite and strength, and his spirits and nerves were 
in a most wretched state. I shall be glad to hear of his safe 

I have instructed Mr. Lowe to get the Woodlands concern 
off my hands, which I believe would be a bad bargain. 
However I have entered into negotiation for a place as 
much more eligible as one can be to another. It is called 
Highdown,^ is 5 miles from Petersfield, 5 from Midhurst, 
eight from Liphook, 3 from Up Park, and 54 from London, 
by this statement you wiU at least know its situation pretty 
well. I heard of it from Courtenay Boyle, who had been on 

^ Charles Paget bought this place, re-christened it Fair Oak, and it 
remained his home for the rest of his Ufa. 

1790-1808] HIGHDOWN 89 

the very point of purchasing it, when his trustees would 
not furnish the money. The House is a substantially built 
one, with all sorts of attached and detached offices, Garden 
etc. and surrounded by 58 Acres of Freehold Land with a 
considerable quantity of timber upon it abounding in 
Game, and in a beautiful situation. The Price 4000 Guineas. 
Berkeley and myself went to see it, and were delighted 
with it ; it rather gave us a good opinion of the place, a 
whisking Cock Pheasant getting out of a shrubbery close 
to the House, in short the present Proprietor told me that 
the Up Park Pheasants were as often about Highdown as 
anywhere, and that the whole of the property was remark- 
able for game. This, even Sanderson says, is a good 
bargain. It will not be I believe so far from you as Wood- 
lands would have been, as I make Heckfield to be but 
33 miles from Highdown, and Woodlands is at least 40. 

For ever yours, 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge, Spithead, Sept. 7, 1808. 

... I have now finally taken my departure from the Shore, 
and am living on board. These cursed Pursers are not yet 
arrived, nor is it now expected they will till Tuesday 
morning. I wish to Heavens I was once clear of the 
Channel with them all. 

It is a pity you could not have been here to-day, as there 
has been proper hurry and scurry with the Ships coming 
out of Harbour. The bustle has been occasioned by the 
news of the Russian fleet being at sea. 

The Zealous s Ship's Company were bundled on board 
the Christian the yth, and out she was roused. Then came 
St. Albans, that only went into Harbour yesterday to be 
paid off. 

Powerful, that had shifted her berth to the Eastward to 
go into Harbour also to be paid off, is countermanded, and 
Warspite, that was going to Cawsand Bay, is ordered with 
the others I have mentioned to the North Sea. Pleasant. 
I suppose I should have the same trip, but for the Charge I 
have already got. 

The Alphea Cutter anchored just now, and I suppose 
brings dispatches, or I should positively say she brings 
dispatches, as she made the signal for being charged with 

90 THE REVENGE [ch. i 

them before she anchored. She comes from Portugal, I 
conclude, and you will probably hear the intelligence before 
this reaches you. Yours, my best of fellows, for ever with 
the most unbounded affection, 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge, Funchal Roads, Oct. i, 1808. 

No opportunity has occurred, my dearest Arthur, of 
writing to you since we sailed, or be assured I should noi 
have allowed it to escape me. I arrived the evening before 
last, having brought my Charge here in eleven days from 
Portsmouth, which is an excellent passage for a Convoy. 
The most of the time we were reduced to the scudding under 
bare poles, and having even then many occasions to bring 
to to allow the Ships to come up. I am delighted with 
the Revenge, and think her in every respect a perfect man 
of war. I had no idea of the possibility of so large a ship 
being so manageable. Thus far, my dear fellow, had I got 
yesterday, when the officer of the Watch came to report a 
Three decker coming round the point of the Island, which 
intelligence of course roused me out. She proved however 
to be Sir Thos. Williams in the Neptune in his way to the 
West Indies. I went on board, and was agreeably surprized 
in receiving letters by him from Elizabeth, who had calcu- 
lated on the Neptune finding me here, for which I give her 
great credit, as the calculation was a very accurate one. 
The Revenge meaning to be off again tomorrow, it was also 
good-natured of Williams, for he passed by the roads for 
the express purpose of giving me my letters, noi anchoring, 
but proceeding on the moment after I left him. Poor 
fellow, I never saw any body look so blue as he did at his 
trip to the S.W. How disgraceful, my dear Arthur, is 
all this business ^ in Portugal. It is quite heartbreaking 
after what we had so fair a right to expect after the battle 
of the 2ist. If the same terms had been accepted by 
any other than British Generals, we should all have im- 
mediately voted that a good Price had been the means of 

1 The Convention of Cintra, by which it was agreed that Junot's 
army should be transported to some French port, gave rise to a storm 
of indignation in England. A Board of Inquiry was held which absolved 
the British commanders from blame. 

1790-1808] AT IVIADEIRA 91 

procuring for the French such terms. The affair between 
the Implacable and the Centaur with the Russian Squadron 
seems (in the way I have heard it) almost beyond beUef. 
I trust ere this that a good account has been given of them 
all, as Sir T. Williams told me that after these two ships 
had destroyed one of the Russians, and had put the others 
to flight, that the Victory and other Ships were in sight 
and joining from to Leeward, and would probably be able 
to attack the Enemy at the anchorage they were retiring to. 

I send this, my dearest fellow, by a Merchant ship that 
sails to-day. I have no news, since I have been here I 
have been employed in procuring a House for my Pas- 
sengers,^ in which I have succeeded. Poor things, I would 
not but have been of the service I have been to them for 
the world. They are good-natured pleasant young women 
as can be, and are penetrated with the reception they 
have met with in the Revenge. The sick one is in a sad 
way. They are going on shore after breakfast not to 
return, so that I shall purify my Cabin forthwith, and knock 
down the partitions etc. and shift the foremost Bulkhead 
forward in order to do that which you so approve of, I 
mean the communication to my servant's Cabin without 
having them bringing me breakfast, and dinner, and things 
in general up the Quarter deck Ladder. 

Montresor I continue to like much, and, but that I wish 
him with all my heart speedy promotion, I should like to 
have him my first Lieutenant as long as this cursed war 
lasts. He certainly knows his business as an officer, and 
is withal a Gentleman, which is a grand object. 

I hear from General Meade that Paget ^ is returned to 
England from Portugal. . . . When you see or write to 
him, tell him his Pipe of Madeira is embarked on board the 
Union for India, and that her Commander has promised 
to bring it back to England for him in about 18 months, 
when I trust he will receive it safe and good — as I could 
not afford to pay for it, I desired the Merchant (Gordon) 
of whom I ordered it, to draw on him for the amount, 
about 46 Pounds. My dearest fellow, for ever yours most 


1 Lady Horatia Seymour was one of them. 

2 Lord Paget returned to England for a very short time and was back 
iu the Peninsula in November 

92 CHARLES' BAND [ch. i 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge, at Sea, Oct. 13/A, 1808. 

There's not much use in writing to you, my dearest good 
Arthur, for no opportunity is hkely to offer of sending letters 
home sooner than we are to be so ourselves. I hope how- 
ever you will have received the letter I sent you from 
Madeira. From that Island to the Tropic I was only a 
week in performing the distance, and accordingly wished 
my outward bound friends good bye three days ago — previous 
to doing so I made the signal for an opportunity of sending 
letters to England, and hove to to give them the power 
of executing it. When their boats shoved off to come 
here, mine shoved off to visit there — not however with the 
same object, but to get a few men. I did it in the mildest 
and least annoying way, for I wrote a civil note to all the 
East India Captains to allow the officer from the Revenge 
to have their crews mustered in his presence in order that 
if one or two were desirous of volunteering for the Revenge 
that they might have the opportunity of executing their 
wishes. In this way I accordingly got 16 seamen, and 
might have got double the number, but that I would not 
take more than 2 from each of them — amongst the numbers 
are two musicians which will enforce my band, which now 
consists of twenty two performers, and when I get the 
new Instruments, which I shall find ready for them at 
Plymouth, I shall not be afraid of your judgment being 
passed upon them. They play lots of Waltzes and all your 
old tunes, such as Miss Johnstone, Mrs Garden of Troop, 
Ly Montgomery, and so forth, which for a Ship band is 
by far the best sort of music. 

I have altered the foremost Cabin, and find the greatest 
convenience from the Hatchway into the servants' berth, 
besides it is so much more respectful to the Quarter deck, 
that one's servants and one's dinner and everything should 
not be eternally traversing the Quarter deck Ladder, but 
on the contrary to have access to the Cabin thro' the aper- 
ture now contrived for those conveniences. 

I am also at this moment having the after part of the 
after Cabin altered, and I think you will think improved. 
Instead of that stupid half and half sort of projection from 
the stern across the cabin, which, when one was disposed 
to sit down, one wished was a comfortable seat, I am now 

1790-1808] IMPROVEMENTS 93 

making it so, and there will be jolly Cushions etc, to fit 
sopha fashion. The stove, that Sir Gore told me never 
smoked, he was perfectly correct about, for it had only 
been twice lighted since he had had it, and then merely in 
fine weather. I however found, as usual with the old Orion 
set, that it was as bad as they usually are. I have since 
had it completely altered by a clever armourer we have, 
who has reduced the draught and so improved the principle 
of it that it answers famously, tho' as yet no other trial 
has been made than simply lighting it to see whether it 
would do, and then putting it out, for the weather is sultry 
to a degree, tho' there's plenty of wind. The atmosphere 
feels just as it does in the Mediterranean, when the sirrocco 
wind blows, which you must have often felt. It makes one 
enjoy the bath in the Gallery, which I have not failed to 
enjoy every day this last fortnight, when I dress about 
half an hour before dinner. 

We are still in the North East trade, and took up for the 
Western Islands — which it is not unlikely I shall visit, 
particularly if I can manage to get to Fayal, where there is 
tolerably good anchorage. I want to paint again entirely 
inside and out, to look handsome against my return to 
Cawsand, where Ehzabeth will see my Ship for the first 
time, and Fayal would be a good place to undertake the 

C. P. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge at Sea, Nov. 1st, 1808, at night. 

I have had no opportunity, my dearest good Arthur, of 
writing to you since the letter which I forwarded from 
Madeira, a letter however has been some time written, 
had we accidentally seen anything homeward bound. Now 
we are so ourselves, and it would puzzle most of them 
getting there before us, even if we were to see a fellow that 
way inclined. I think since I wrote to you we have touched 
at the Western Islands, which we exactly fetched on a 
wind on the Starbd. Tack from the Tropic, and being there 
I was tempted to get some refreshments for the Ship's Com- 
pany at St. Michaels — and to the amount of a dozen Bul- 
locks, Vegetables, and 50 tons of water, we got off under 
24 hours. We then sailed, and fetched Madeira on the 


Larboard Tack, where I anchored for three days, and sailed 
from thence four days ago. 

The day before yesterday we were rather put on the 
qui vive by a squadron, consisting of a Line of Battle Ship, 
two Frigates, and a Brig. I thought at first it must be 
some fellows escaped from Brest or L'Orient for the relief 
of Martinique, but on chasing and coming up with them — it 
proved to be a Portugiiese Squadron bound to the Brazils, 
consisting of the Vasco da Gama, and two spanking frigates, 
and Brig. These taylors were literally under the close 
reefed Topsails and foresail with main sail furled. When 
we passed under the stern of the Vasco under single reefed 
Topsails and Topgallt. sails, having fetched on a wind 
under that sail and the Courses Jib and Driver his Weather 
Quarter, when I shortened sail and bore up to speak him. 
Poor fellows, it is curious and at the same time very pleasing 
for us to see the contrast between our own, and all foreign 
ships. I am now, my dear Arthur, making up for the 
bad luck we had in painting at Portsmouth. We have 
succeeded in getting the Quarter Deck Poop etc. perfectly 
done, and all the black work outside, and if tomorrow 
proves such another as to-day Montresor will be quite 
happy in completing the whole. 

I find tho', when I am at sea, I am as fond of the Ship 
of the Line, as I used to be of the frigates — indeed the 
Ship herself is so good, that she deserves to have pains 
taken with her. I only wish, my dear old boy, there was 
any Chance of our meeting after this cruize, but I fear there's 
none, as in point of fact, when we arrive at Cawsand Bay, 
we shall be perfectly ready for sea, tho' of course I shall 
endeavour to get a ten days or fortnight with my Elizabeth, 
and therefore shall report that time as necessary for her 

I want sadly to hear about things in general. Public 
and Private. The last of the former I heard was that 
5,000 Cavalry had formed a part of the Troops sent out to 
Corunna under Sir D. Baird/ if this be so I conclude Paget 
will again go on service — having I hear returned from Lisbon 
to England in the Donegal. The Duke tho', I hear, com- 
mands or is to command in Chief. He can't do worse than 
some have before him, and I wish him well most cordially. 

1 Sir John Moore became Commander-in-Chief in the Peninsula ; Baird 
landed at Corunna on October 31st. 

1790-1808] WHAT SIGNIFIES? 95 

We are now in the Trolley Lollcy's, but, as there's a full 
moon tomorrow, I hope the Westerly wind will prevail. 
We have had nothing but Northeast. 

C. P. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revengs at Sea, Nov. 8th, 1808, at night. Lat. 4630, long. 16. 

The day before yesterday, my dearest Arthur, we were 
going along steady as we go staadyyy with the prospect 
of reaching Cawsand Bay in three or four days, but the 
wind has chopped round exactly to the point of the compass 
we were steering, N.E., and instead of having the now 
good moon to go into the Channel with (which is a cir- 
cumstance I always Uke to have), we shall not have any, 
tho' indeed, if the present gale holds, we may have the 
advantage of the next fuU moon — pleasant ! but what 
signifies ? at the end of the War it will be all the same, 
and till then there will 7iot be in point of fact any real sort 
of comfort or happiness. Tho' by the bye it is not bad 
fun taking it as it comes now a days. I find the Revenge 
capital under reefed courses and close reefed Topsails, 
which we have had since last evening, I am sure she would 
beat most of them carr3dng off a Lee Shore. Returning 
from the Southward I find the great foremost Cabin etc. 
cold, and I am accordingly making it not cold. I have 
on both sides before the after-Cabin made most comfortable 
Cabins, taking in the space from the foremost angle of 
the after-Cabin to just abaft the second gun, having removed 
the after gun to the Fore Castle. Thus there are two 
comfortable sort of ante rooms to the after Cabin, with a 
window in each, which was before filled up by a Gun, both 
are green-haized, and as snug as possible. Then besides 
this I mean to carry along a bulk-head from the foremost 
part of those two Cabins in a line, which just takes in the 
after part of the carriage of the two guns, thus therefore 
will the wet and cold be shut out from those apertures, and 
the foremost Cabin made a comfortable dining apartment 
by the exclusion of the said guns and Ports. 

My dear old boy, I often often, I may say unceasingly, 
think of you and yours, for it is certainly true that what- 
ever subject occupies my thoughts, you necessarily, as it 
would seem, take a part in it. . . . 

96 ' DREADFUL DREAMS [ch. i 

I am, my dearest fellow, looking forward with no small 
degree of pleasure to seeing Elizabeth and our young 
ones, in a few days. God send I may find them all well. 
I have these two nights past had dreadful dreams, not 
about them but about our father, each successive night 
he has been the subject of my night's repose — and on both 
I have dreamt being in attendance on him on his breathing 
his last. If the subject had only intruded itself one night, 
I should not have dwelt upon it, but it again pressing itself 
on me the succeeding one I could not help teUing Montresor 
this morning my dream — God forbid it should be fulfilled 
— the poor old Boy, I fear he cannot hold out long from 
what I [hear]. 

C. P. 

CapU Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge off the Lizard, 3 a.m. i8ih Nov., 1808. 

We made the Lizard Lights, my dearest fellow, at eight 
o'clock last evening, since which we have been expending 
the night in sight of them, and in an hour we shall up-helm, 
and get in by dayhght to Cawsand Bay. It is blowing a 
gale of wind at South West, and a nastier night I never 
passed, indeed altogether I don't remember ever having 
so anxious a time in coming into the Channel, for inde- 
pendent of infernal weather with pitch dark nights, and 
not the least slice of a moon to cheer one, independent of 
all this we have not had a meridional observation this 
week, and consequently my time keepers have been of no 
use, in short our reckoning was incorrect, and but for the 
Egeria, which we had the good luck to cross upon yesterday 
after noon, we should now be humbugging in the stream 
of the Channel under the pleasing sensation of not knowing 
whereabouts one was, and with weather so bad as not to 
venture to make the land. The Egeria however, only three 
days from Corunna, could not be incorrect in her reckoning, 
I therefore got it, and acted upon it, and accordingly ran 
in and made the Light, as I have described. This Channel, 
my old Boy, is a sad dreary spot at this season of the year, 
and I think it invariably happens that one contrives to 
come into it in bad weather and without a moon. 

I heard by the Egeria that Paget and Edward were both 
well. I was delighted to hear of the former having gone 
out again, particularly as I also heard that he had got 

1790-1808] COMPLAINTS OF CREW 97 

Cavalry with him. I suppose his chief purpose in going 
back in the Donegal was to urge the fellows to send them 
out — I dare say however he killed two birds with one stone, 
or rather with two stones. 

I wonder what will become of Revenge next. I have 
written to Lord Mulgrave to suggest to him what might be 
done, that is, I have said I should like to belong to the 
Corunna squadron, and that I should be happy in taking 
anything or anybody out that might be wanted with the 
Army, as there's nothing to be done at sea. The best tiling 
is to get your ship and self in as easy a position as you 
can, and old De Courcy finds it so, I dare say, snug at anchor 
in Corunna in these gales. 

The Revenge finds the difference of this and the Cadiz 
climate so much so that to relieve her straining abaft I 
have removed all the Carronades of the Poop, as also the 
two after ones out of my Cabin. She has never recovered 
the trotmcmg (as Peacock would say) she got in her stern 
from a Three Decker in the action of Trafalgar. 

The Ship's Company, my dear Arthur, are mortally bad, 
and I have no hesitation in declaring that the description 
of Man is so weak and diminutive that it is out of the 
nature of things that she should be tolerably off. The 
Admiralty ought therefore to draft the whole of them into 
small ships, and completely reman the ship, and till this 
is done it will be sad uphill work ; Gore thought and told 
the Admiralty the same. I however did not support his 
representation till I had had an opportunity of judging 
for myself. 

C. P. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge, November 2.2nd, 1808. 

Many thanks, my dear good fellow, for your letter of the 
17th, which I received yesterday. I have also to thank 
you for Addenbrooke's two, which I return in a sepcrate 
Cover. From the accounts given of poor Sir William Pitt, 
it absolutely appears miraculous that he should have sur- 
vived this late attack. If he now recovers strength enough 
to last thro' the winter, the old Boy will probably spin out 
another Summer. But when it comes to this sort of work, 
one had better, I believe, for one's self and all parties take 
a departure for the other world, tho' by the bye I never 


saw the man yet, let his wounds or pain be ever so severe 
or acute, that did not wish to hold on as long as he could. 
I received a Letter from Elizabeth yesterday, whereby it i 
appears that the Pitts have totally forgot that they had 
lent the Government House at Portsmouth to us, for a 
letter had been received from Addenbrooke addressed to the 
Town-Major of Portsmouth, (who has the charge of the 
House,) directing him to prepare it for the reception of 
Lady Bute. Of course Elizabeth was taken aback, however 
she wrote, it appears, immediately to Addenbrooke to 
state that she was there with her family, but that she would 
be ready to turn out for the few days Lady Bute intended 
to be at Portsmouth, and that the Beds and furniture we 
had put in should be at her service. Now tho' I am glad 
that Elizabeth has written to this effect, I have no Idea 
that Sir William and Lady Pitt, when they are reminded 
of our being already in the occupation of it, will do other- 
wise than put off my Lady Bute. I have also written to 
Addenbrooke, who I dare say has already adjusted the 
matter with these good old People. Here, my dear fellow, 
we are still, and if I am to judge from appearances, here 
we are still likely to continue some time, for it looks like 
very dirty weather from the Westward, which we may 
fairly expect after the two months of almost continued 
Easterly winds and fine weather. However this westerly 
wind has brought the means of disposing of the army of 
sick, a fleet of light Transports as also the Leyden, Isis 
and Ulysses, having arrived yesterday for their reception. 
The few effective troops will be distributed on the Ships of 
the Line, so that with the first fair wind there will be 
nothing that / know of to prevent our availing ourselves 
of it. Sir Richard Strachan still holds out the prospect 
of our seeing him here, indeed the Admiral yesterday told 
me that he had received a Letter from him in which he 
said that his honor was pledged to come, and that he should 
be here forthwith. / long to see him, for I own that I 
have a confidence in him whilst afloat, that makes me wish 
him with us much. Whereas, tho' I think Admiral Otway 
a very good Portsmouth Harbour Admiral, I should not, I 
could not, feel any degree of confidence in his conducting 
a fleet of 12 or 14 sail of the Line out of a most dangerous 
and intricate Channel and afterwards across the [illegible] 
Sea to the Downs, at this season of the year. You have 

1790-1808] NO FEAR OF FRENCH 99 

seen so much of this sort of work, that you will instantly 
understand it in me. 

The Audacious and Revenge are to move, as soon as the 
wind and weather permits, off Flushing again, and the 
Imperieuse and Diana are to take our Stations, and as light 
Troops cover the retreat. In the mean time we are allowing 
a famous moon to be expending itself without our pro- 
fiting by it, and I foresee some dreadful scrambling work 
in going over in the long dark nights. Pleasant. 

I don't quite agree with you as to Buonaparte only 
requiring time, and that perhaps a short time, to make 
himself again formidable by sea, for if ships were all he 
wanted, time would be sufficient to make him so, but I 
can't see with you that time has anything to do with 
manning his fleet, unless men are capable of being made 
efficient sailors by manoeuvring in Port. I trust Buonaparte 
will be contented to man his fleet with such sort of seamen, 
for certainly then we shall only require sufficient Timber in 
our Arsenals to make good the repairs of the Ships we capture. 
Without practise and experience at sea both in Officers and 
seamen, the French will never again hold any competition 
with us, and these absolutely necessary qualities the French 
Navy cannot possess till we have a peace, and they embrace 
the interval of repose to make both ships and seamen. How 
curious, if that period should arrive, it will be to see French 
Men of War and merchantmen going about as ours do during 
War. If this country could be inveigled into a Peace for five 
years, then I think we should have some hard fighting again 
at sea, and enough upon our hands for some time to come. 

I have just been looking at an unfortunate Transport, 
which is on shore and firing Guns of distress, poor devils, 
it is impossible for us to assist her. There will be plenty 
of this sort of work, I dare say. Whenever it occurs an 
involuntary emotion comes immediately across me, wishing 
to God that all the Cabinet were stationed at the Pumps of 
every ship, that has been, or will be in distress in this precious 
Walcheren Expedition. We hear that great preparations 
are making to annoy us. 

Capt, Hon, Charles Paget 

I Dec, 1808. 

My Dearest Arthur, — These few days past I have 
been in hot water with Admiral Young about my Ship's 


Company, which are so bad that I felt myself justified after 
the report which you made of them, of making a similar 
representation. The Admiralty however have not done 
anything for me — otherwise than causing a survey to be 
held upon them, which took place two days ago. The 
report I have not seen but Otway (who was one of the 
surveying Officers) in confidence told me that it was in 
favour of my statement and that whatever was the result 
that I was completely exculpated from all blame in making 
the application. When I have more time I will explain 
to you my principal motive for wishing an exchange of 
Men. It not having arisen from merely their being weak 
and ineffective, but from sjmiptoms of dissatisfaction which, 
tho' I believe it may be confined to a few individuals, still 
is a very unpleasant thing in a Ship, particularly as on 
the occasions it has appeared, it has been impossible to 
ascertain the Individual or Individuals, and consequently 
the offenders have evaded Punishment. All this I have 
made known to the Admiralty and I have advised as the 
set altogether is a radically bad one that they should be 
drafted and separated into several small Ships. Whether 
this suggestion will be adopted I know not. I am glad 
whatever be the result that I have done as I have. To- 
morrow night the Shipwrights will certainly have done 
with us, and the next Morning I shall proceed to join Ld 
Gambler, who is now in Torbay, therefore if the Westerly 
wind continues your letters will find me there. . . . 

Malta is to be paid off in a few days — so is Dragon, and 
I fancy the Spencer, they are all so bad. The Admiralty 
therefore might if they chose give me one of these Ship's 
Companies in lieu of my own. . . . Ever, my dearest fellow, 
your most affect. 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge, Torbav, Dec. 4, 1808. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . I anchored here last evening 
from Cawsand Bay and got on board the Caledonia, when I 
found Lord Gambler ' all kindness and good nature. In 

1 Admiral Lord Gambler, 1756-1833, who received a peerage on account 
of the operations against Copenhagen in 1807. His faihire in 1809 against 
the French fleet in the Basque Roads suggests that he was out of place 
in command of a fleet. His fiery subordinate, Lord Cochrane, con- 
sidered Gambler " a canting and hypocritical methodist." — D. N. B. 


the course of conversation he asked after Elizabeth and 
enquired if she was coming to Torquay — whereupon I said 
it entirely depended on his keeping the Revenge with him — 
theyexx^on he said that at present there was no intention 
of detaching her, whereupon I said I should claim the 
Indulgence that the others of my Brother Officers enjoyed, 
by having Elizabeth here. Whereupon he said that he 
wished to make the service as pleasant as possible to all 
under his command, and as long as it was not lost sight 
of or neglected he wished to see everybody enjoying them- 
selves as much as possible, and that as long as / was on 
board by the time the fleet got under way he should be 
satisfied. Nothing could be kinder or more disinterested, 
for he lives entirely on board himself, and merely requires 
that which it is not only our duty, but which from every 
possible wish one must desire to execute with all possible 
zeal, to repay in some degree such kindness and good 

The consequence of it is that Sir John Duckworth, 
Admirals Eliot Harvey, and Sotheby, Charles Hamilton, King, 
and others and myself have homes on shore at Torquay, 
and when the wind either in the night or day inclines to 
be fair or Northerly, the signal is made from the Caledonia 
to prepare for sailing, thereupon a boat is immediately dis- 
patched from the respective Ships, and you are on board 
immediately. In this way we enjoy ourselves for ten 
days perhaps or more together. I say we, but not having 
in point of fact experienced it, I should say they have, and 
still do. 

You say you hope Lord Gambler gives as much indulgence 
to the Men. I believe it to be impossible that they can 
receive more, or generally speaking can be better pleased 
and satisfied. My own is a particular case, and it is I 
own a very unpleasant one to contend against, and so 
unlike what I have ever before had to encounter, that it is an 
extremely irksome one. I am afraid nothing but the most 
stubborn and iron hearted discipline, which is a dreary 
task for me, will get the better of what I have to do. I 
am in great hopes that being with the Commander in Chief 
will have a good effect, for unless a body of men are callous 
to all feeling of pride and emulation they will then show 
themselves. I must say that I had no Idea of finding 
such a disposition in a Ship's crew that Gore had com- 


manded, or generally speaking anything so bad, as they 
are both in point of strength or ability. 

I can't help feeling anxious about our Troops in Spain ^ 
and if they get well off without being cut up I shaU be happy. 
What there are of them I am confident would perform 
almost miracles of valour, but as we know not yet that they 
are even united, and as we do know that the Spanish forces 
have been infernally worsted, and are beginning to get 
infernally sick of their fighting — we have to dread the 
amazing and accumulating force that Buonaparte seems 
to be overwhelming Spain with according to your letter 
of to-day. 

You expect to be at this time at Sinai Park. This calls 
to my remembrance a sort of rebuke I felt I received, tho' 
I dare say it was not intended, at having expressed my 
satisfaction at your being to occupy that place. 

When one's heart has been disappointed in attaining its 
first object, that which next approaches it for the welfare 
and happiness of the person that one is interested about 
one is naturally inclined to approve of — so was my satis- 
faction given, when I heard from you that Sinai Park would 
ultimately be your Home. You must, my old Boy, know 
me well enough to feel assured that it is a severe and real 
disappointment to me. Your removal from that part of 
England, which made us even as you now are situated 
within a few hours reach of each other, but as I had fondly 
calculated by some subsequent means you might have 
reduced to a much nearer distance. This prospect having 
vanish'd and you yourself having told me that your means 
did not admit of your taking Houses at £300 and ^^400 a 
year, at the same time stating that Sinai Park, from my 
declining it, was offered to you, I could not withhold ex- 
pressing my gratification (as we were destined not to be 
near each other) that you should have a Place, that would 
not be expensive to you. This feeling produced that remark 
in a letter of yours when you said you did not expect I 
should so easily have given up the objects we both had of 
living near each other. In justification of myself, my 

1 The overwhelming superiority in numbers of the French and the 
collapse of our Spanish alUes had compelled Sir John Moore's retreat 
to Corunna Lord Paget's dashing actions at Sahagun and Benevente 
during this most critical movement gained him great distinction. Charles 
Paget wrote later, " Paget's affair with his 400 7th Boys seems to be of 
the most brilhant description." 

1790-1808] SAHAGUN 103 

excellent dear Arthur, I have said so much, for I cannot 
bear the Idea that you should for one Instant imagine I 
can forego any pleasure I am likely to derive from your 
society, but from the conviction that in being so deprived 
I am suffering it for your good and Interest. 

I have got a Lodging at Torquay, which is a neat small 
little place in its Infancy. I wrote to Elizabeth to say 
that as the wind had backed to the Westward she might 
come, and I dare say she will not be long in getting into her 
Carriage. . , , Believe me for ever your devoted and affect, 


Duke of Argyll 

Dec. 14, '08. 

My Dear Arthur, — Famous sport at Up Park. 408 
Pheasants in the four days, 835 things. . . . Yours ever, 


Lord Paget ^ 

Sahagun, Dtc. 22nd, 1808. 

You will be pleased to hear that I have had an affair 
with the French Cavalry, and have given them a good Hcking. 
It was with those lucky Rogues, the 15th, who always 
happen to be under my hand, when there is anything to be 

The following is the History. Hearing that a French 
General with 700 or 800 Cavalry was at this place, I deter- 
mined upon trying to catch them, and for this purpose 
ordered Gl. Slade to march with the loth and 4 Guns on 
our side the River, to make a Show, and if possible push 
into the town, whilst I marched at i o'clock a.m. to get 
round the town with about 400 of the 15th, and about 
12 Men of the 7th. In the night my advanced Guard fell 
in with a Patrol of the Enemy, from whom 5 Prisoners 
were taken, but as the others escaped, I was obliged to 
push very fast, lest they should take the alarm and escape. 
I judged right for having come to my point before day 
hght, I found the Enemy formed without the town. I 
judged them to be between 6 and 700 Men, but from the 
reports of Prisoners they must have amounted to 750. As 
soon as they could distinguish us, they made off in good 

• Printed in the Paget Papers. 

104 " SPAIN IS GONE " [ch. i 

order, I marched in column parallel, but a good deal behind 
them, gaining however upon them, at length seeing they 
must be caught, they halted and formed, I pursued a Httle 
further to secure them, halted, wheeled into Line, and 
charged just as you have often seen us do at Ipswich. The 
French fired at us, and stood firm to receive us. We broke 
them, and the result was several killed ; ig wounded ; 2 
Lt. Cols., I Capn., 10 Lieuts., between 150 and 160 Men, 
and 125 Horses, and some Mules made prisoners. Col. 
Grant, Ajt. Jones, and 22 Men of the 15th wounded — the 
March, and the attack, were beautiful, nothing could stand 
it, but the pursuit was sadly disorderly ; I gave the Regiment 
a good scolding for it after the affair was over, and the answer 
they gave me was three Cheers ; and a request that I 
would accept, as a token of their regard, the two best 
Officers' Horses ^ that were taken, you would be pleased 
if you were to hear all they say about me. I cannot write 
it. I am quite well and was not touched. I rode Harlequin ; 
he carried me admirably over the roughest and most difficult 
ground that can be imagined. The i8th have had two or 
three little affairs with the Enemy, and acquitted them- 
selves admirably. In the last, a Captn., Subn., and about 
30 Men attacked 100 ; killed 20, and made 5 Prisoners. 
All this is very well, but Spain is gone ; we are the People 
worth saving. Aff. yours, 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge at Sea off Ushant, Dec. 24, 1808. 

My Dearest Arthur, — Since I wrote the letter you will 
receive herewith, we have not ceased to experience the 
most dreadful gales from the Northward. Scarcely ever 
able to carry even the close reefed main Topsail. The fleet 
however has not suffered, and I am better pleased with my 
Ship than ever. She answers in every way to admiration, 
and is beyond anything weatherly. Being driven by this 
weather a long way to the Southward and Westward, we 
are deprived of our letters etc., for the Cutters and things 
sent with them of course are on the Rendezvous, where we 
shall not be again, I think, till we have a shift of wind, for 

1 Lord Paget wrote to his father that one of these horses should 
be a present to the earl, the latter having once been an officer in the 
15th Hussars. — Life of Sir Edward Paget, p. 115. 


the old Temeraire, Royal George, St. George, and Dreadnought 
have as much Idea of turning to Windward as do the Canal 

I want very much to receive the answer to a letter I 
sent you about asking for Parliamentary leave as the time 
approaches, and I ought either to ask, or not. If yes, I 
wish you would run up to town, see Lord Mulgrave, and 
say what I wish as a prehminary to my making the official 
application, which I must do through Lord Gambler — 
however, before the latter I should like to be satisfied that 
no difficulty would arise in gaining the leave, of which 
however, I beheve, I need not be doubtful, as I understand 
the present Admiralty countenance it. The worst of it 
would be, that we should not see each other pretty often. 

Give Augusta my best love. My fingers are so cold, I 
can scarcely write. In short, the weather has been very 
severe indeed. 

You will be glad for my sake to hear that I have got a 
plan for swinging my Cot, that one neither feels the pitching 
or rolling motion, which hitherto always prevented my 
sleeping well in bad weather. I have to thank Hamilton 
of the Temeraire for it. I have besides two stoves in my 
Cabins which are all over green baize, cabins I mean, and 
the guns shut out by a fore and aft partition, so that I 
have not the zephyrs, which insinuated themselves thro' 
the crevices of the Ports etc. before. 

I am very anxious to hear of our Troops, and indeed of 
their safety. Poor Sophia must be in a sad taking all this 
time. I was glad to hear that Paget had written home, 
and sent famous accounts of Berkeley's merits. For ever 
beheve me your devoted and affec. 


If the Brest Squadron is still in Port, it is because they do 
not want to come to sea, for we certainly don't prevent them. 

Lord Paget ^ 

Benevente, Dec. 28th, 1808. 
The Cavalry have been again successful. A small party 
of the i8th took 12 Men the other Morning, the same day 
Col. Kerrison, Lt. Crawford, and 2 men of the 7th after 
1 Printed in the Paget Papers. 

io6 LORD PAGET [ch. i 

a long chace, came up with an Officer and 12 French Cavahry. 
They took all the Men — Kerrison in engaging an Officer 
wounded him so desperately that he died before he could 
reach his supports, this Officer in a desperate thrust broke 
Kerrison' s arm with the hilt of his sword. On the 26th, 
hearing of a Party of Cavalry at Mayorga, I took 2 Squadrons 
of the loth, and found 2 Squadrons of the Enemy without, 
and a small party in the Town ; I advanced with one 
Squadron, ordering the others to support, they fired as 
we came thro' the gateway, and retired to some high ground. 
We attacked them again, they again fired by which they 
killed two, and wounded i Horse. They stood firm, we 
broke them, killed several, wounded 20, and took Prisoners 
I Officer, 100 Men, and 50 Horses. To-day about 30 of 
the i8th were attacked by a very superior force, they were 
obhged to fall back, but they took one Officer and two 
Men. We are in the greatest favor, the Army is retreating, 
and it is high time it should, for there are no Spaniards, and 
lots of French. 
We are all well, but a good deal harassed. 




Lady Paget 

Beau Desert, Jan. 2nd, 1809. 
It is impossible for me to tell you, my dearest Arthur, 
how much I feel obhged to you for all the kind letters I 
receive from you, and were I to write as often as I am 
incHned, it would be every day to thank you, you don't 
know the pleasure it is to me to hear from you, and not- 
withstanding any fancy I begin to think you have not 
changed towards me. I am so pleased at Ld Uxbridge's 
kindness to you ; it seems your conduct pleased them 
equally, for Lady Ux. in her letter to me says, " Arthur 
was more like Arthur than I have known him for years." 
I need not add that was the greatest praise she could bestow, 
for what can he so good ? The character / have in this 
country is entertaining ; it has however one good effect, 
it makes me despise the world and all it contains with a 
very few exceptions. 

I thank you, my dear Arthur, for your advice, which 
on all occasions I think good. I wrote to P. soon after I 
arrived here with the Children's letters. I feel very anxious 
for the next accounts from Spain, indeed all my thoughts 

are horrid. . . . 


Duke of Argyll 

Houghton, Jan. 6th, 1809. 

My Dear Arthur,— . . . The shooting is but just begun, 
from the snow having been so very persevering. I was 
three days on my Road from Town to Ponsonby's where 
I remained without a possibihty of shooting until last 
Monday ; on that evening it began to snow again, on 
Tuesday in our way over to Holldiam we shot 17 Hares in 


io8 "MY UNCLE'S CANDLESTICK " [ch. ii 

the coldest day I ever was out in, snowing all the time ; 
on Wednesday in spite of all representations that it was 
impossible etc. and the servant, who was sent before to 
look out, twice coming back to the Coach to say it was in 
vain to proceed, we got over here with the greatest difficulty, 
and entirely owing to Coke's ^ knowledge of the country 
and determination to proceed ; we have been rewarded 
by two famous Battues yesterday and today as you will 
see below. Yours ever, 


Thursday igo Hares, 49 Pheasants, 23 Rabbits; 262. 
Ponsonby, Kelly, Genl Keppel, Coke, Or. Hunter, Wilbra- 
ham and self. 

Friday, same ground with one Plantation shot additional, 
same Guns except [the] two Cockney Lawyers who killed 
nothing. 144 Hares, 54 Pheasants, 19 Rabbits ; 217. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

HiGHDOWN, Jan. 1809, 
. . . Tell Augusta that it is well for her I was not in the 
room when she caught fire. That sort of thing, happening 
to a person I love, creates in me violent passion. I remember 
an instance, when I was at George Champagne's at Windsor, 
when Elizabeth (who was at the time with child) in coming 
down stairs one evening following me, missed her step 
and down she came. The fright I sustain' d was occasioned 
by my Love for her, and the consequence was a violent 
phrenzy for the moment, during which I threw with the 
utmost violence my good uncle's best silver flat candlestick 
to the bottom of the stair case. He at this moment ap- 
peared, and was so good in his way upon the destruction 
of the poor candlestick, that my impetuosity was instantly 
changed to laughter, which it was impossible to restrain. 
Beheve me your devoted Brother, 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge, off Ushant, January iGth, 1809. 

Here we are again, my dear fellow, after leaving Tor bay 

in the most unexpected and uncomfortable Manner three 

^ Mr. Coke " of Norfolk," the owner of Ilolkham, afterwards created 
Earl of Leicester. 

i8o9-io] RETREAT OF MOORE 109 

nights ago or rather three mornings, for I think it was 
2 a.m. when we were all rowsed out to go on board our 
Ships. The wind coming round so suddenly was doubly 
annoying to me, as the Graves' had had the good nature 
to come over to see us the evening before, with the intention 
of continuing with us a couple of days. I hope my sudden 
departure, which they would not know of till they looked 
out in the morning, would not prevent their remaining 
with Ehzabeth, tho' probably she would prefer returning 
to her Children. 

Since we left Torbay, we have bore up for it again, and 
were within ten leagues of the Start, when the wind veered 
round to the South East, and we of course altered our 
course for Ushant, which is now in sight. The wind now 
looks and feels decidedly easterly, and it being new moon 
today I suppose we shall have another sample of such 
weather as we were treated to during our last cruize. As 
my acting Captain did not relieve me before I left Torbay, 
I should prefer of the two his not doing so till we return 
there again, for unless I could have something better to 
go in than the Betsey cutter, I should like trusting to a 
passage in my own Ship. It is a wonder to me how those 
little devils of things live in the weather they do. The day 
before I left Torquay, my old Boy, there was no Post towards 
you. I therefore did not return the copies of Paget' s letters, 
the sight of which I return you many thanks for. I am 
dehghted that he has had an opportunity of so distinguish- 
ing himself and his Hussars, which he has been at so much 
pains and trouble to make perfect, which they have cer- 
tainly proved themselves to be. The next accounts I 
trust will inform us that Sir J. Moore has secured his 
embarkation,^ without loss of either Artillery or Horses. 
There were rumours of his having altered his plan of retreat- 
ing upon Vigo, and that he had intentions of embarking at 
Corunna ; I trust this is not so. I know both Harbours 
intimately, and there can be no comparison which to prefer 
for the purpose of embarking an army pressed by a superior 
Enemy. ]ji a former letter I think t mention'd the advan- 
tages of Vigo, and if it had no other, the very circumstance 

1 The embarkatioa was completed on January iSth, 1809, the gallant 
Moore having been mortally wounded two days previously. \\Tien 
sinking he asked if Paget was in the room, adding " Remember me to 
General Paget, General Edward Paget — he is a fine fellow." — Book of the 
Thin Red Line (Newbolt, 1915). 


of the proximity of the Bayonne and Olio Islands, the former 
being at the entrance of Vigo and the latter at the entrance 
of the Pontevedra river, would be sufficient to make the 
choice of Vigo preferable to any Port on the North Coast 
of Spain, for as I said before these Islands might receive 
for a time our Troops, in the supposition that we have 
not collected a sufficiency of Shipping to receive the whole 
of the army on board. From the Men of War provisions 
might always be supplied to these Islands. But this of 
course is known to all parties, therefore if Corunna is 
chosen, I suppose I know nothing of the matter and had 
much better have held my tongue. 

Corunna to me has an insuperable objection, it being 
perfectly open to a very prevalent wind on that Coast, 
N-n-east wind, which throws in a most dreadful swell. I 
have myself been positively a week confined in there, and 
that too in the Endymion, from no possibility of getting 
out, and I remember, when I did succeed, it was at the 
greatest risque, and could not have been accomplished but 
by a very superior Man of War. Therefore figure to your- 
self Two or Three Hundred sail of bad sailing Merchant-men 
in a similar predicament, crammed chock full, and a French 
army at hand, who on possessing themselves of the place 
would be enabled from both sides of the entrance to throw 
shot and shells at leisure at the unhappy Transports attempt- 
ing to work out. Such a situation makes me shudder for 
them ; now at Vigo I will answer for it that Hood would 
embark 20,000 Men in 18 or 20 Hours, and having done so 
could at once remove them to the perfect anchorage under 
the Bayonne Islands, and for so short a distance, 5 leagues. 
Ships might be really crammed in a way that could not be 
attempted for a voyage, and as many, as were too many, 
might be at once put on shore in safety on the Islands. 

Yorke in the Christian the yth has just made his number ; 
he is coming to join in the room of Little Beauclerk, the 
Saturn being attached to the Down Squadron, where the 
C. the yth has been. . . . For ever your devoted and affect. 



J [Jan., 1809.] 

. . . The Amazon brought me in last night from the Fleet 
and then for the first time I heard of the distressing accounts 

1809-10] THE GRAVES' in 

from Coruima. Thank God, our three Brothers have 
come off without losmg the number of their mess, which 
considering the nature of the bloody affairs they have 
been in is almost miraculous. 

Poor Moore and all the rest of the fine fellows, that are 
lost to the Country by this disastrous Expedition ! . . . 

C. P. 

Lady Graves 

Bishops Court, [Jan., 1809], 

My Very Dearest Arthur, — . . . We returned from 
Torquay this morning whither we went last Friday to see 
that dear good fellow Charles, and were just in time to 
get a peep at him before he sailed, he having been roust' d 
out at two o'clock yesterday to go on board. He was in 
high force but much disappointed at the non-arrival of his 
acting Captain. We go to Castle Hill next Wednesday, 
and return next week for a Grand Ball at Powderham 

My Dear Arthur, — Mary is oblig'd in order to save the 
Post to begin a letter to Lady Fortescue, and has left me 
to conclude this. You are an excellent good fellow for 
saying you and Lady Augusta will come to us in May. If 
any thing interferes with this plan, I shall be most seriously 
disappointed. Charles says if he happens to come in, 
nothing shall prevent his joining our party, and Elizabeth 
is already engag'd to us. How delightfully — how nobly 
■ — Lord Paget has distinguish'd himself. But alas ! all this 
gallantry, and superior courage, and equipment are thrown 
away, in our wretched allies the Spaniards. My pre- 
dictions have tum'd out too true. I hope in God they will 
get all back safe to this country, and that you will shortly 
set off to Paris to negociate a Peace for us, accompanied 
hy your faithful Secretary, my Lord Graves. Mary is furious 
at this last paragraph, but a good Hotel in Paris would I 
presume not at all be dislik'd by her Ladyship. Yours 
most affectly. 


Dowager-Countess of fersey 

My Dear Arthur, — I know you are plagued with 
letters, yet I must tell you how happy I am that Augusta 



is well, and that you have a little Girl ; ^ if it is not the 
most beautiful animal in the world, it is much to blame. 
Pray give a thousand loves to Ly Augusta Paget, and Miss 
Paget, and believe me ever affecly yours, 

F. J. 

Lady Paget 

Stokb,2 [1809]. 

My Dearest Arthur, — . . . Ld William ' came yester- 
day with Gertrude and leaves me this Evening ; he is 
going to Scotland immediately, and as he says for ever, 
which is to him in som.e respects worse than death ; of 
course his Spirits are not good, though I think he behaves 
very sensibly about it. But I own I cannot forgive his 
Brother consenting to his banishment. It is decided that 
Gertrude and Francis should live with the Duchess, William 
with Ly Jersey, and Eliza with me. She is now at Wobum, 
and I am to have her when I like. My excuse to Mama 
by no means satisfied her, for, unless I particularly wished 
to he alone with Ld Wm, she had not the least objection 
to meet him, she tells me, and that I must fix a day, which 
I shall not do till I hear from you. 

Give my kindest love to Augusta and a kiss to Leopoldine 
which I know you will not mind doing for me. You would 
be entertained with Arthur's accoimt of her to the Children, 
they are dying to see her, and so am I to have you com- 
fortably settled here. For ever yr affecte 


You are very good about Mama * ; she is certainly 
pleasanter with company, but it is hardly fair upon you. 

' She was named Leopoldine after Princess Leopoldine Esterhazy, 
to whom Sir A. P. had been so much attached at Vienna ; she died at 
the age of three. 

* Stoke Farm, a place near Slough belonging to Lord Sefton, which he 
had lent to Lady Paget. 

* Lord William Russell, brother of the 6th Duke of Bedford ; murdered 
by his valet Courvoisier in the year 1840. Financial difficulties took 
him at this time to Holyrood Palace, then a sanctuary against debt. 

* Frances, Countess-Dowager of Jersey. Posthumous daughter of 
Philip Twysden, Bishop of Raphoe, a graceless prelate, who was said to 
occasionally turn highwayman, and earned for himself the sobriquet 
" Slip-gibbet." Lady Jersey was always held to have been the person 
who brought about the separation of the Prince and Princess of Wales. 
Lady Stafford wrote at the time, " I hope the Mob will attack her" 
[Ld. C. L.-Gower's Corresp., i. 125). According to Melbourne in a curious 

1809-10] A GOOD COOK 113 

Lord Graves 

Bishops Court, March ^otk, 1809, 

My Dear Arthur, — My poor little Mary got safe here, 
tho' very much tir'd. The quiet and stillness of this place 
will, I hope, soon set her up again, and when you and 
Augusta come here, I hope to present her to you as plump 
as ever. You are a very good fellow to take care of my 
watch, which I do suspect Mary's Joke that night nearly 
exterminated. Let me now congratulate you on Mrs. 
Jones' success at the fricassee de Poulet. Her sejour with 
Mrs. De Simon, I have no doubt, will make her worthy 
at the end of the intended three months of working for 
M. I'Ambassadeur, who gave to eat so magnificently at Vienna. 
A good Cook, whether Chienne or otherwise, is more requisite 
than any other comfort (save one, a cabinet a I'eau) in an 
establishment. Were I to lose my Chienne, I should be 
miserable until I had procur'd one equally as good. One's 
health is not safe four and twenty hours together, if one is 
doom'd de manger la graisse at every meal, or to run the 
risk of having what your Uncle George says he experienced 
once, a hmip of undigested fat in his stomach for six months 
at a stretch. 

I am sorry old Whitehurst has left you. Mary always 
weeps when she departs from her. I presume Augusta's 
grief, tho' great, did not quite arrive at this state of distress. 
We shall be both infinitely obliged to you if you can prevail 
upon that perfect, excellent fellow Edward to make one 
of the party here in May. Pray tell him so, and press him 
to come. I will insure him his own way in everything. If 
you express a doubt of not coming, we shall die of it. Our 

conversation between himself and Queen Victoria on the subject of 
George IV's favourites, recorded in Queen Victoria's Girlhood, Lady 
Jersey's influence over the Prince began about the year 1795 ; she was 
ten years older than him and her eldest daughter already married. 

It seems incredible, but is none the less the fact that Lady Jersey 
was actually appointed one of the ladies-in-waiting on the unhappy 
Caroline of Brunswick when she arrived as the Prince of Wales's bride, 
and her daughter, Lady Caroline Villiers, was a train-bearer at the royal 
marriage. The Prince followed the precedent of Charles II, who com- 
pelled his Queen to receive Lady Castlemaine into her household ; but 
public opinion was so strong against Lady Jersey that Lord Uxbridge 
in 1796 refused to allow Lady Uxbridge to attend the christening of their 
granddaughter, "if Lady Jersey comes to it" {^Ld. G. L.-Gower's Carre' 
spondence, i. 124). 

114 LORD COCHRANE [ch. ii 

hearts are set upon the meeting, and it will be really a 
serious disappointment, if you put tis off. 

I should much like to have " Oatlands," and if it is not 
too much to ask, should wish your Groom to bring him 
down with your Horses, or to let him stay till I have the 
car Lord Uxbridge gave Mary brought down, when both 
might come together. . . . Your most devoted and affec- 


My Dearest Arthur, — Pray tell Augusta with my best 
love that I sent a Box by the Coach yesterday containing 
some Seacale, and a little one, in which is a Cap for Miss 
Leopoldine, the only one I could get in Exeter that I thought 
she would like. I have trimm'd it as she desired, but not 
with Valenciennes lace, as I could not get a yd in all Exeter 
of the proper width, but tell her I shall write to London 
to-night about some Capet lace, which shall be sent to her 

M. Graves. 

Gen. Hon. Edward Paget 

Portsmouth, 21 April. 1809. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . The Orders for the Myrtle 
Sloop of War were to receive me on board and proceed to 
the Tagus without a moment's loss of time. Before I 
proceed any further I must announce to you an Event which 
I have just heard, namely that we have destroyed nine 
sail of the line at Rochfort and that two only have effected 
their Escape. I wish this intelligence had arrived a little 
sooner or a good deal later on Charles' account. This 
however must not diminish our Joy on the Occasion, I 
don't envy Napoleon the number of Sixpences he will spit 
on the occasion. Lord Cochrane,' who I believe has played 
first fiddle in this Affair, is I understand the Officer who 
has brought home the Account, I am stunned and stupified 
with the Bells. . . . 

Edwd Paget. 

1 Lord Cochrane attacked a French fleet in the Basque Roads on 
April nth, doing it great damage, but a fierce controversy immediately 
ensued over the alleged failure of Lord Gambler, the Commander-in- 
Chief, to properly support Lord Cochrane. A couit martial acquitted 
Lord Gambler. 

i8o9-io] OFFER OF BRYMPTON 115 

Earl of Westmorland 

London, May 5th, 1809. 

Dear Augusta, — Upon your Conversation that you were 
under difficulty for a House after your visit at Lord Graves' 
till you'd get jpossession of Lord Rivers'/ it occurred to me 
that Mrs. Fane would probably not go to Brympton ^ 
till the Middle of ye Summer, and that perhaps remaining 
there would answer your object during that period. 

Upon communication with her she is of that deter- 
mination ; if you should therefore have any difficulty in 
procuring a House, mine at Brympton would be much at 
your service. It is not very magnificently equipped, but 
the House is excellent. It is about 2 miles from Yeovil, 
about i of a mile from ye Great Western Road thro' Somer- 
setshire, which is rather nearer than the Road thro' Bland- 
ford, and you might look at it as you go to Lord Graves. 
I hope your Health was not affected by your journey on 
Tuesday. I am your very affectionate Father, 


Hon. Berkeley Paget 

PoRTMAN St., June ist, 1809. 

Most Excellent Sir, — I was on threshold yesterday 
meaning to write you a little prose before post, when bold 
York & Albany ^ laid hold of me, and frustrated my inten- 
tions by keeping me in converse till it was too late. I 
am now taking " Time by the Forelock," and scribbling 
ere I issue from my Den. To begin with Jamie * — be it 
known to all whom it may concern, that said Jamie was 
taken by certain tweaking of Intestines, denominated 
Spasms, attended by difficulty of suspiration, amounting 
(as said Jamie to General Stewart expresses himself) near 
to suffocation. This prevented his proceeding further than 

^ West Lodge in Cranborne Chase. 

2 The beautiful old house of Brympton was left by this Lord Westmor- 
land to his daughter Georgiana, half-sister of Lady Augusta Paget. Lady 
Georgiana, who died unmarried in 1875, bequeathed the estate to Hon. 
Spencer Ponsonby, sixth son of her other half-sister, Maria, I^ady Dun- 
cannon, who thereupon assumed the additional surname of Fane. 

3 The Duke of York. 

* Their brother-in-law, General James Erskine, on active service in 
Spain ; Sir Arthur Wellesley assumed command at Lisbon in April 1809 
and on July 27th gained the victory of Talavera. 


Coimbra, from whence his letter to Stewart is dated on 
the loth May. This letter Stewart sent to Lady Catherine 
to forward to Louisa, but she, Lady Catherine, thinking 
it might alarm her, Lady Louisa, detained said epistle and 
gave it to my Wife, yclep'd Sophia, to have and to hold 
for any purpose she might deem most expedient. Farther 
than this deponent sayeth not. 

Thinking j^ou may be gratified by seeing all the letters I 
have received from Oporto respecting Edward, I have sent 
them, requiring only their Return when convenient. Bear 
in mind that FitzRoy Stanhope's Note to me was written 
on his arrival in London, and that he did not leave Oporto 
till three or four days subsequent to the Date of Marley's 
last letter of the 15th. Sophia was at the Queen's House ' 
last night, and the King spoke most handsomely of Edward.' 
I think his return very doubtful, tho' every one I meet 
says, " of course he will come home." My father and 
Mother are very anxious for his Return. On that event 
depends their journey into Wales and consequently mine. 
So far, everything that was put or putting on board the 
Cutter to go round to Plas Newydd, has been brought back, 
and the cutter remains in the River. 

Langley-Bury was beyond my mark. I went to see 
another place near it, which would have suited us admirably, 
but for the same Reason. I shall not however give up the 
Pursuit. Ever, mon cheer Shoveller, yours affectionately, 


Colonel Addenhrooke^ 

HiGHFIELD, l^th July, 1809. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — For the last four days I have been 
confined to the house by a very severe attack of your 

1 George III having bought Buckingham House from Sir Charles 
Sheffield, it was settled on Queen Charlotte (in lieu of Somerset House 
in the Strand, which had been the dower-house of many previous queens- 
consort) and known as the Queen's House until her death in 1818, when 
it reverted to the Crown. George IV took a fancy to build a practically 
new palace on the site, obtaining the necessary funds from Parhament 
by giving up Carlton House, with its extensive gardens, to be laid out 
for building under the department of the Woods and Forests. 

2 Edward Paget had greatly distinguished himself at the passage of 
the Douro, May 12th, 1809 ; severely wounded, his right arm had to be 

'He was related to Lord Rivers, whose great estates seem to have 
been managed by him ; later Equerry to Princess Charlotte and retained 
in Prince Leopold's Household until his death in 1821, aged sixty-eight. 

1809-10] WEST LODGE 117 

Complaints ; I am now in less pain, and able to go about 
quietly ; Wynyard recommended to me Yarrow Tea, which 
he stated to me had done wonders for him, as also to several 
whom he knows. 

With regard to Mrs. Seymor,^ . . . The letter Lady P. 
received 3^esterday (a part of wliich she, Mrs. S., desires me 
to forward to you), will prove that she is now disposed to 
acts of civility, upon which you may proceed with some 
degree of conlidence and I hope comfort. She will quit 
with reluctance no doubt, but finding that she cannot 
maintain her post, she will capitulate on friendly terms. 
The fact is, that Lord Rivers,' with the best intentions, is 
the worst man of business I ever came across, but we shall 
do at last. 

1 am ignorant as to the destination of this same expedi- 
tion, all I have to do is to wish them success, but I tremble 
for the result. Nor am I perfectly satisfied about Sir A. 
Wellesley's position. The evacuation of Corunna and 
Ferrol may be good but mischief may ensue from such 
measure also. If by quitting these Posts they can operate 
against Sir A. W. their Troops will be much better employed 
than by maintaining Garrisons, which are of no importance 
compared with such an object as the capture of a British 
Army, but as I said before I am an " /I ss " and therefore 
know nothing. 

You will not receive Mrs. Seymor's scrap this day. The 
Carriage is ordered and the party are going to Reading. 
Lord Rivers must see the above Memo and that cannot 
be this day, but the contents are to this eltect : Mrs. Seymor 
engages to quit W. L.' the 2nd week in October. Your 
Upholsterer may go there whenever you please. No 
material repairs are wanted, nor any paint — some furniture 
may be had with a valuation, or not, none belong to the 
house but some fixtures — Grates etc. — in short she is very 
civil, and you may go to work at pleasure. 

Lord Rivers has bought a house at, or near Newmarket, 
Lord Grosvenor's, £5000, he can make 40 beds it seems, 

* The previous tenant of West Lodge. 

2 George, 2nd Baron Rivers, born 1751. " He is a pleasant and an 
elegant man — one of the last of that race of persons who were the dandies 
of a former century and how much preferable they were to those of the 
present day. . . . his voice in singing is most melodious. What a charm 
there is in perfect high breeding." — Lady Charlotte Bury's Diary of a 
Lady-in-Waiting, i. 26. ^ West Lodge. 

ii8 PLAS NEWYDD [ch. ii 

so that you find we never can have homes enough — 16 
Paddocks the land, how many acres I know not. 

Sir WiUiam and Lady Pitt desire their affectionate 
regards to yourself, and Lady Augusta, and I am with 
best respects to Her Ladyship, and best wishes for success, 
and Glory to Lord Paget, Dear Sir Arthur, Most truly and 
faithfully yours, 

J. P. Adden. 

Mine has been an arduous task these last few days. 
Gordon (Lord Harrington's Son), Berdmore, and Sir H. 
Dukenfield, have been here, also Mr. Brooke. All are 
gone this morning but Berdmore who departs on the morrow, 
but to play the agreeable, when sufl:ering great pain, and 
trying to appear otherwise, is a grievous undertaking. 

Lord Graves 

Plas Newydd, 2.^th July, 1809. 

My Dear Arthur, — With every grateful feeHng to both 
you and Augusta for your kindness & care of little Janey, 
I sit down to inform you of our arrival at this charming 
place without further accident than that which I describ'd 
from Bristol — we slept on that fatal day at Newport, the 
next night at Shrewsbury, where we learnt of Lady Ux- 
bridge's & Edward's having pass'd through but a few days 
before, of Marconi having broke his Arm by a fall from a 
horse, & of the death, burial, & distress in consequence, 
of Mrs. Smith — at the loss of her Husband, who died at 
Shrewsbury the morning of the arrival of Lady Uxbridge 
at that place ; we hurried on to K'eppel Cerig, where we 
slept, having narrowly escaped another upset at Corwen 
— one of the Linch Pins having given the wheel the slip, 
and the Pin that fixes the Hind to the Fore Carriage having 
been thus broken when we were upset, but which declined 
shewing its fracture till we arrived at Corwen — the timely 
discovery of this Event probably sav'd our necks — & 
here we are, thank God, much at your service. Lady 
Uxbridge made so many inquiries & with such interest 
& feehng about you & Augusta that I could not deliver 
your message — so, my dear Arthur, pray do write a kind 
and affectionate letter to her. Berkeley, Sophia, Nurse 
& Children arrived here last night — Joss,* & la Bella Roha, 
1 General Josias Champagne, brother of Lady Uxbridge. 

i809-io] " WHERE'S BLOOMFIELD ? " 119 

la sua Moglie are expected this day — so that with Greatorex, 
Cervetto, Edward and ourselves, this most perfect and 
incomparable house is Picna — Plena — the two women 
make famous music every night and your father does not 
allow a day to pass without a promenade in his yacht. 
I will here repeat what I have said concerning " Frog," 
if you think with me that sending the Grey to Town 
may be attended with expense & inconvenience, I will 
take the Grey at thirty-five Guineas — should I dispose of 
him for any sum exceeding thirty-five Guineas you shall 
have the surplus — or should I keep the Grey I will give you 
five Guineas so that at all events you may be sure of getting 
for him what you gave Rooke — and moreover should 
" Frog " not turn out what you expected and the Grey 
be still in my possession — we will swap again even handed — 
in the meantime you are to make use of any of my servants 
as you think proper, & I hope you will also take everything 
my miserable place can afford. 


Hon. Berkeley Paget 

PoRTMAN St., 26th July, 1809. 

My Dear Arthur, — The Duke of York desired me 
yesterday to write & thank you for some venison you 
sent him, and which he pronounced excellent. There's no 
doing without one's Forest. Could you get me one ? 

I took Rolle to the Vauxhall last night, who asked very 
tenderly after Arture. He told me his House was in the 
Road for Brighton. Jolly ! Yrs most affly, 

B. Paget. 

One of Ben's Servants shot himself yesterday ! What a 
damnable funk he must have been in, if he heard the report 
of the Pistols. How sure he was to have the Body removed 
immediately. " Where's Bloomfield ? Take care of him." 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge, off Portland, 2 a.m., 28/ft [July ?], 1809. 

My Dearest Good Arthur, — I wrote to you yesterday 
morning a few lines by the Adrian Cutter, which happened 
to cross upon us as she was going into Plymouth ; therefore 
you will be apprized of my approach. 

120 SUPPLIES OF TEA [ch. ii 

Contrary to all my Expectations we fell in with the 
Homeward bound China fleet under Convoy of the St. 
Alhans exactly in the spot, which we had thought the 
most likely to escape them, but however it is very well, 
as it is, by having accompanied them to the Channel, I 
have a good plea for putting into Spithead, whereby I shall 
effect a junction with Fair Oak Lodge. 

We have had a remarkably fine run from the Western 
Islands, and for the last few days have been voguing away 
properly. I never saw before anything Hke the way in 
which these Whisking India Men Carry Sail. It is abso- 
lutely astonishing, and makes one sometimes really alarmed 
for their safety. 

You may imagine there will be a pou7id or two of Tea more 
in the Metropolis by the arrival of this fleet, for what think 
you of Thirteen Ships, of Twelve Hundred Tons burthen, 
being entirely loaded with Tea, which is exactly the case. I 
have had no money to purchase much, all I have got are a 
few pieces of Nankeen and Silk Handkerchiefs, and a Sea 
Stock of Tea, which of the best quality has cost me under 
four shillings the pound. I believe it costs about fourteen 
in London. 

If I did not know that you possessed Nankeen enough to 
last you your life, I should have procured you some. You 
will, as it is. only receive a couple of Pieces of the real 
Bandanna Silk Handkerchiefs and in the same parcel is 
an Ivory fan for Augusta, which give to her with my best 
Love. I suppose the Harpies at Portsmouth will on hear- 
ing we have been attached to this fleet keep a sharp look 
out upon us. Therefore it will require some caution to 
get anything safe on shore. I mean to set off for Fair Oak 
as soon as I have done with the Admiral, but I suppose 
I shall be obhged to return the following day. If so, of 
course Elizabeth will do so with me and a couple of the 
Children to a Lodging on the precious Parade. 

M'e are now off the Portland Lights, and shall be off 
Dunnose at daylight. I shall then heave to till the whole 
of the fleet are out of sight to the Eastboard of me, and 
having directed Captain Shortland on the Iris to see them 
safe into the Downs, I shall go myself to Spithead, as a 
64 and a frigate are amply sufficient protection from hence 
to the Downs, 

We made the Land most accurately yesterday in very 

1809-10] GEORGE LEIGH 121 

thick weather and blowing strong. I hauled out from the 
fleet for the purpose, and, having discovered it, ran back to 
give them the welcome intelligence, for that it must be for 
people having been an East India Voyage. 

As I never sleep much in the Channel at night, I employ 
my time thus, but I have a letter I want to write to Paget, 
which I want done before daylight. So, my good fellow, I 
shall now leave you, promising to let you hear from me 
again. Ever your devoted 


Lord Frederick Bentinck 

Bath House, August 5, 1809. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — I am sorry to trouble you again 
upon the old subject, I mean George Leigh. ^ 

He has in some degree consented to take Warwick Lake's 
place, if he can get it. The D. of Leeds has spoken to 
Lord Liverpool about Leigh, & Lord L. is well disposed to 
give him whatever there is, that would suit him. Places 
are very scarce now-a-days, & I know of no other that 
is likely to do for him. I have desired H. Bouverie to 
examine the Act of Parliament, & see what retirement W. 
Lake from his length of service is entitled to — that being 
ascertained, the next difficulty is to find somebody to ask 
Lake, if he wd retire upon his full pay being made up to 

I believe you are well acquainted with Lake, & I know 
you are as well disposed as I am towards Leigh, & perhaps, 
thro' the means of the D. of York, we might discover 
whether he would give up his Place upon the terms pro- 

George is as obstinate & as untoward as ever, but I think, 
if he was once arrested, which might be managed, he wd 
become reasonable. I have great reason to hope that 
before long the Six Mile Bottom * may be sold. There is a 
person who will give (I hope) £2000 for it — I have advised 
that it should be sold for less sooner than be kept. Most 
sincerely yours, 

Fred Bentinck. 

1 Colonel George Leigh, husband of Lord Byron's sister Augusta 
- Near Newmarket. 

122 THE PRINCE OF WALES [ch. ii 

Hon. Berkeley Paget 

SURBITON, 20th August, 18O9. 

My Dear Arthur, — We had Ben at Oatlands on Thurs- 
day, and he took occasion across the Table to talk to me 
of you ; and desired me to write to you to say all that 
had passed. In the first place he began by asking how 
you was, & where you were, & whether I had lately seen 
you ; & then launched out into a strain of tender expres- 
sions towards you, remarking, that notwithstanding any 
difference that might have existed between you, he still 
felt the greatest attachment to you — that you had always 
been his Friend, & he felt himself under many personal 
obligations to you. He ended by saying he should like 
to have a few minutes' conversation with me. All this 
was announced across the Table for the Benefit of the 
Company ; and I bowed for you till my back ached, pro- 
mising faithfully to obey his commands by letting you 
know what he had said. What I could not distinctly hear 
was afterwards repeated to me by Lady Anne Smith, who 
sat next to him & heard every word. Now you have it. 

The Tiger-Cat ^ is dead ; so we got him [the Prince] 
to the Stables. 

I have had a letter from Charles, who was delighted with 
having had Edward & yourself with him when in Portland 
Roads. He some time ago sent two Parcels to me, one for 
you & another for Edward, each containing two pairs of 
Bandana Kerchiefs. I delayed sending them till I got a 
safe conveyance, which offered when Lady Uxbridge was 
here on Saturday, to whose Charge I have committed them. 
Ever most affly yrs, 

B. Paget. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge, Nov. i6th, 1809. 

My Dearest Arthur, — Your kind letter of the 12th 
reached me yesterday. I have also to acknowledge another 
of the 7th in both of which I am delighted to observe that 

' The Duchess of York was devoted to animals of all kinds ; see Greville's 
Journals, i. 5, for a long account of this clever and unconventional 
princess, whose habit of sleeping with open windows was then considered 
highly eccentric. 


Augusta and yourself are so well pleased with West Lodge. 
... I will answer for my Vrowe & myself sleeping as well in 
a room 7 feet high as in one of 20 — & those, that cannot, 
must lump it, & shoot their rubbish, as Bartolo says. . . 

In the meantime I shall be preparing myself for the 
result of such decision, as it no doubt will be, that I am 
NOT to be temporarily on Shore. I cannot however postpone 
doing Elizabeth justice. It is natural to suppose that 
she has been prompting me to the measure I suggested to 
you — whereas I now possess letters, which I can show you, 
wherein she urges me in the strongest manner never to take 
into account /oy her sake the domestic sacrifices I am making, 
for she never should cease to be miserable if, by my seceding 
from Service, anything should occur in the interval which 
might make me condemn myself for having so withdrawn 
from it. The fact is the poor soul experienced, in a degree 
she probably never will forget, the misery I endured on a 
late occasion, which you also observed. At all events you 
promise me a meeting at Portsmouth. Why not Augusta 
also ? She may then take charge of the Bits of old China 
I am picking up for her. It is now the i6th at which time, 
or the 20th at latest. Sir Richard ^ confidently stated I 
should be back in the Downs. Not back in the Downs ! 
It is one of his failings to disappoint people's expectations ; 
for instance he has been day after day, week after week, 
promising to come out here, & stating that he should 
consider it a bounden duty to us all to be present if the 
Island was evacuated, in order that he might conduct the 
naval part of the business. Now in the capacity of Com- 
mander-in-Chief he was in no way called upon, or expected, 
to hold out such intentions, particularly as he probably 
never had any intention of executing them. The conse- 
quence is that, tho' we all like him (and I for my part 
really regard & esteem him) we never count on the prose- 
cution of any of his promised measures. He is a man 
with the most violent temper that I believe ever existed, 
but withal he possesses the warmest heart & kindest & 
most friendly disposition. He is a man who discerns 
quickly, & estimates fairly, the abilities & exertions of 
those under his command, & he never, if he has the oppor- 
tunity, fails to appreciate and to applaud the merits of an 
officer. In his official capacity he is only jealous of you, 

1 Strachan. 


if he thinks your ship, supposing her to be in action, is in 
a more perilous or critical situation than his own, & the 
same feeling is exerted in a less degree if your ship sails 
better than his. These are his only failings, if they are 
to be called such, save the ungoveniable irritability of his 
disposition, which on occasions carries away all before it, 
and at such moments the culprit is liable certainly to be 
assailed in a manner inexcusable. The Phrenzy subsided, 
he is miserable for having abused, or hurt the feelings of, 
the Individual, & frequently makes the most ample con- 
cessions. After all, his good qualities both as an officer 
& a man very much preponderate, & I certainly shall 
endeavour to keep permanently under his command. It 
is a pleasant thing to serve under an officer whom in every 
situation at sea you feel confidence in, & who, you know, 
will, as far as the service will admit, promote all your 
private views & wishes. 

In being attached to Sir Richard I conceive I am full as 
likely as anywhere to see some work some of these days, 
for Buonaparte will, when the fancy takes him, order the 
Antwerp & Helder Ships to sea, & Sir Dickey will be going 
Helter-Skelter after them from the Downs, & I know he 
wishes the Revenge to be one of his Squadron. I shall 
therefore under all circumstances write & settle it with him. 

. . . By the bye a letter which I received from you yester- 
day says that poor old Sir William ^ was reported to be at 
his last gasp, which, if it be true, is rather malapropos. I 
hope however that he will brush up again for his own as 
well as our sakes, tho' for his own I can hardly wish it, 
poor old Boy. 

To this moment General Don is carrying on the Humbug 
of keeping & defending this Island against any force that 
can be brought against it, & the curious thing is that 
there are so many Gulpins {sic\ who swallow it all. Whereas, 
I know that the arrangements are making for the embarka- 
tion of the wretched remnant " of our army, as also the 
means preparing for the destruction of the magnificent 
Wet Docks. The frigate we found on the Stocks all our 
artificers have been employed upon, & she will be launched 

^ General Hon. Sir William Pitt, uncle of Lord Rivers, died soon after- 
wards, aged eighty-two. Governor of Portsmouth, he had been in the 
habit of lending to Charles Paget the Government House there. 

2 From the ill-fated Isle of Walcheren. 

1 809-10] THE POLITICAL WORLD 125 

this day week, & I look upon it that by that day I shall 
be receiving the Royals on board again, as I conclude the 
Men of War will receive Troops, & if so I shall try to take 
back the Regt, I brought out, & this plan ought I think to 
be adopted throughout, tho' by it I shall have double the 
number of others, the Royals having suffered much less than 
the rest of the Regiments. 

We feel, my good fellow, exactly alike about all that is 
going in the Political World, If the aspect of affairs in 
General did not make one serious, one could not help turning 
into laughter & ridicule the late farcical appointments to 
the most important situations in the Government. The 
only consolation I derive is that the whole ]\Iass is of such 
materials that it is only intended to exist till the arrival of 
Lord Wellesley ^ — w^ho if he joins them at all, will before 
he has long been amongst them, lop off so many of the 
exuberances & excrescences, that ere many months are 
gone by, we shall find him at the Top of the Tree, having 
ousted the generality of the present Set. 

As for Ld. Mulgrave, he seems to have double-bitted his 
Cables, & to have slobbered over all — determining to ride 
it out under any circumstances. 

It is now high time, my good Arthur, that I should not 
only release you but also make excuses to you for the 
length of this letter. The fact is I am one of those who, 
if I cannot be in the company of those I have the warmest 
attachment & affection for, feel it the next greatest satis- 
faction to myself to indulge in this sort of v>'ay, so you 
will forgive me. For ever your devoted & affect. 


Hon. Berkeley Paget 

My Dear Old Lad, — Edward having mentioned the fact 
of my poor Father having broke his Rib & going on well, 
I shall confine myself to the relation of the accident. He 
arrived in Town at four o'clock and immediately walked 
into his Dressing Room, supported by Sanderson & Samuel. 
He reached the fire Place & then told Sanderson to shut 
the Door. Samuel still had hold of him, in turning round 
however he fell on his right side nearly dragging Samuel 

^ The Marquis Wellesley became Foreign Secretary in December 1809, 
in Mr. Perceval's Administration. 


upon him. He struck nothing, not being near a Chair or 
Table. He was lifted up & he then complained of a great 
pain on his left side. Tupper fortunately was passing the 
Door a few minutes after the accident, was called in and 
pronounced the Rib fractured. So unaccountable an 
Accident I cannot well conceive. If he had fallen against 
anything, there would have been no wonder. However he 
is going on as well as possible and Lady Uxbridge is as 
composed as one could possibly expect. 

I have been writing so many Letters that I must leave 
off ; my hand is quite tired. God bless you all. Most affty, 

B. Paget. 

Capt, Hon. Charles Paget 


My Dear Old Boy, — It is very fine commanding the 
fastest Sailing Ship in a fleet & also very flattering perhaps 
being on all occasions employed in chasing & looking out, 
but it works one's constitution properly, at least one that 
has so anxious a mind as myself. It is now, thank heaven, 
near daylight & I have been long wishing for it. My 
Signal was made yesterday to go ahead of the fleet to make 
Ushant, not seeing it before dark. I was directed to carry 
a Light ahead all night, and a most beastly dirty dark 
blowing night it has been. Half an hour ago we however 
made the Light of Ushant & I blazed away Guns & in 
short made the signal for it, & having now got a fresh 
departure, I suppose Lord Gambler, if it continues to the 
Southward, will bear away for Torbay. We were all 
round on the other Tack in no time after I made the signal, 
for you may suppose the Land could not be far off to be 
seen in such weather at night. Lord Gambler must have 
pretty good nerves with such a set of Three-Deckers, alias 
the Heavy Waggon train, alias the Team, to push in as he 
did with them. I wrote to you, my old Boy, three days 
ago by the Torment Gun Brig, & I dare say she had a good 
passage if she dared run for the land. We have had really 
dreadful weather — never any cessation to it. We have 
now however the jolly old moon coming to our aid, & you 
know how precious it is to us. The King George Cutter 
crossed close to us in the night & is from Plymouth so I 
hope to hear from you by her. 

C. P. 


George Brummell 

Chapel Street, Nov. 24, 1809. 

My Dear Arthur, — Whether or not you ever received a 
silver lamp which I desired to be made and sent to you 
the end of last Summer, I am yet ignorant — I could not 
then meet with anything that I thought would suit you, so 
I ordered one to the best of my fancy — I have not really 
heard of or seen a Horse, which answered the description 
you mentioned, during my various travels since I was with 
you at West Lodge, I am going into Leicestershire the 
end of next week for a short time, and, if you have not 
already met with " ever a clever riding Horse," I have no 
doubt I shall be able to select one that I can venture to 
recommend you. 

I have been shooting my arms and legs off for the last 
two months, but have not seen anything throughout Nor- 
folk or elsewhere in the Pheasant line to equal two days' 
blazing we had at Osterley ' last week. 180 head the 
first day with four guns only — and no the second with 
five pieces of artillery. 

I most sincerely wish you would determine to give the 
bold Westmorland a week towards Xmas at Apethorpe, 
and write me the precise period of such intention, that I 
may meet you to the very day — I will take good care to con- 
voke Chig and some of your old friends to be of the party. 

One commission more, by the bye, you entrusted me, 
and tho' it was some time since delivered to me, it has 
not been forgotten — to procure you a Hogshead of Claret 
— there has not been, nor is there at present any to be had 
in that quantity which is worth purchasing — plenty of 
Irish and Guernsey to be bought, but I am sure you have 
too much regard for your own head and your friends' Livers 
to drench them with such potent composition. 

With every remembrance to the Lady Augusta and 
" Petty Gal," Yrs, my dear Arthur, very truly, 

George Brummell. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge, off Ushant, Dec. ii, 1809. 

My Dearest Arthur, — The Admiral has just made the 
signal for an opportunity of sending letters. I therefore 

1 Lord Jersey's. 


write a line to say here we are off Brest. My next letter 
shall give you an account of the Caledonia. As yet I have 
scarcely seen enough of her to do so, but what I have seen 
corresponds with all that I have heard of her excellence. 

The Revenge certainly with ease beats them all. Yester- 
day was wholly employed in manoeuvring & the ship 
answered her helm like a cutter and sailed to admiration. 
The old Royal George our next ahead. We share courses. 
... & in short with the powers of my Ship I am perfectly 

Admiral Harvey & Sir Charles Hamilton are both going 
back for leave of absence to attend Parliament. Shall I 
do the same for six weeks or two months ? Ministers will 
require all the support they can procure and there would 
be no difficulty in my success I should suppose. We should 
then be evenly met & see I hope a good deal of each other. 
I shall not do anything in this till I receive your answer 
which will decide me, direct to me off Ushant via Pljmiouth 
Dock to the care of P. W. Spink Esq. unless the wind should 
be when you write decidedly Southerly or Westerly & in 
that case direct to Torquay. For ever yours, 


Lord Gambler seems to conduct the fleet famously — 
he lets us enjoy ourselves in Port & at sea, keeps us con- 
stantly forming lines of Battle, orders of sailing & so forth, 
which keeps the officers and men on the alert and teaches 
the former the most essential part of their duty as naval 

Lord Paget 

Beau Desert, Feb. 22nd, [1810]. 

My Dear Arthur, — I think I have never answered your 
proposal to me to go to Sicily. To say the truth I have 
no fancy for such a trip & should at all events be a most 
improper person to supplant the Illustrious Atcheiverst 
Atcheivrents [?].'. . . 

/ think that John, Earl of Chatham,' is rather sharp 

* Perhaps Lord William Bentinck is meant. 

• After their mutual failure at Walcheren, Lord Chatham (who had 
been responsible for the conduct of operations on shore) and Sir Richard 
Strachan (who commanded at sea) indulged in virulent attacks on each 
other's lack of vigour. 


upon Dicky. 1 declare I do not think he makes out a bad 
case — But 1 think that the attack is clearly upon the Cabinet 
collectively and not upon him individually. What think 
you of the vote of thanks to the General Officer who did 
7wt effect the Passage of the Duero ? They have a par- 
ticular objection to thanking Us. I know, (I really speak 
as I think), that I did not deserve any &, so help me God, 
I would not give a pinch of snuff to have been included, 
but it certainl}' required ingenuity to keep me out of that 
thing there, when we all ran away out of Spain together. 
I hope you continue to like your residence. Ever aifectly 


Lord Castlereagh to Lord Paget 


St. James's Square. 

My Dear Lord, — As I know of no Branch of the Army, 
whose Services have raised our military character higher 
than that of the Cavalry, whilst it acted under your orders 
in Spain, it is with particular pleasure I have to communi- 
cate to you that His Majesty has been graciously pleased 
to signify his Intention of conferring upon those who have 
Commanded Corps and who have been Engaged with the 
Enemy, Medals in Reward of their gallant and meritorious 

As I have not yet had it in my power to arrange with 
his R. Highness the precise time to be adopted in carrying 
these His Majesty's Commands into effect, I beg you will 
consider this as a Confidential Communication, which it is 
more grateful to me to make, as I had the mortification to 
find myself precluded by the practice of Parhament from 
proposing thanks to you and your gallant Commander for 
Services that in point of Brilhancy and Exertion merited 
every mark of publick approbation. I am, my dear Lord, 
very sincerely yours, 


Lord Rivers 

Hare Park, March 5th, 18 10. 

I am pleased to find by a letter from Beckford which 
I received at the same time as yours, my dear Sir Arthur, 

130 LORD RIVERS [ch. ii 

that you are mutually pleased with each other. He is a 
sensible honourable man and a gentleman. I am convinced 
the possession of the walk will please you and afford you 
satisfaction. It was always the best in the Chace, and with 
attention will furnish more deer than any 2 walks in the 
Chace, and although my friend Beckford's constant hunting 
during the great heats drove away and destroyed the greatest 
part of the old deer, the young ones will soon be coming 
on. By attention Wedd has increased the head of deer 
in Rushmore walk fourfold. You must not be baulked 
in your fancy or rather that of Lady Augusta for the 
ha ! ha !, as I think it will be a wonderful improvement 
and if you really attach yourself to the place there will be 
little doubt of you having possession of it as long as you 
wish. Don't suppose I give up Rushmore, I in fact prefer it 
to any other place, but I am always most happy where I 
am most free and at liberty. I was on my horse this day 
from twelve o'clock till four without meeting a soul except 
passing occasionally a shepherd ; I find here coursing in 
perfection and total seclusion if I wish it, and consequent 
peace and rest, and none of the annoyances which I can't 
escape at my other family homes. 

Still I shall hope to pass August and September as usual 
at Rushmore. From October till March I shall enjoy this 
place, & Stratfield Saye is well situated for Spring and 
Summer. I never had a second thought about recom- 
mending Maidment to you when I saw how the Tide went 
against him. He is an extraordinary clever fellow and so 
good a deer-stealer faute d'mitre occupation that they can't 
catch him. If I was a sportsman in whatever country I 
went, he should never be from my elbow. He is a very 
superior man. If you had not been provided with a Keeper, 
I could have recommend' d a sensible clever young man of 
Character, who next month leaves Genl. St. John. I wish 
I could find some employment for him here, and as Ld. 
Aylesford has given me the Deputation of an extensive 
Manor which comes to my Pales I possibly may. 

I did not intend boring you so long. BeHeve me, most 
truly yours, 


I will give immediate orders to have the Deputation made 
out for West Walk. 


Earl of Galloway 
PowTOUN, By Dumfries, March 6th, 1810. 

My Dear Arthur, — The singular coincidence of our 
Political opinions without any previous communication has 
encouraged me to prosecute the subject without fear of 
boring you. 

I have been for some time corresponding partially with 
Lord Melville of whom I think just as you do. Never was a 
great man in such an awkward predicament, of course he 
does not avow this to me, but it is self evident. His Return 
to Power, which I believe he desires really more because 
he sees his Talents are required than fiom renewed ambition, 
and from a laudable desire to reinstate himself before he 
dies in PubUc opinion (because as I have seen his domestic 
habits, love of Farming, Dunira,i &c. I can form some 
judgment) must depend solely upon the King, who is advised 
to reject him for fear of offending a scrupulous Few in the 
H. of Commons and perhaps endeavouring to embarrass 
Government by other means, such as addresses, &c. On 
the other hand. Lord M. feels his hands tied from his great 
obhgations to the Crown, who may be said to have saved 
him from the fangs of his enemies 4 years ago. His sense 
and character will not permit him to approve of all the late 
follies, and he can only censure delicately in consequence 
of his obhgations and connection with Government thro' 
his son. The only questionable point with respect to his 
Pohtical conduct is the propriety, thinking as he does, of 
placing his son in office, whereby his own freedom is shackled, 
or else his pubhc censure becomes questionable — looking Hke 
what is termed Scotch Politics. In answer to this it must 
however be recollected that Lord Melville's great Conse- 
quence in the North is solely founded upon the possession 
of power, with the exception of his alliance with the Hope- 
toun Family. For he possesses neither extensive Property, 
nor Family to support the Pretensions Fortune has given 
to him. If he was then to adopt the Independent Plan 
of a disgusted statesman he would soon be forgotten and 
of no avail either there or in the South, therefore an ex- 
tenuation must be admitted as to his Situation compared 
with a Pitt or a Fox greatly connected and the Descendants 

Lord Melville's residence in Scotland, 

132 LORD LONSDALE [ch. ii 

of Great Political Characters, their Ancestors before them 
— so much as to Lord Melville. 

Personally I believe him to be a little desirous that 
others who value his Talents and wish him in ofhce should 
manifest it, especially his Friend Lord Lonsdale, he has 
therefore been corresponding with him and has sent me 
the Copy of his letter, wishing me to apply to myself what- 
ever in it I may think fits. I enclose it to you under a 
separate Cover. I say ' Confidentially ' thro' Prudence, 
otherwise I see nothing of a secret in it, and because Lord 
Lonsdale's Answer was entrusted to me ' Confidentially,' 
but which likewise contained nothing of moment, Lord L. 
thinking and feeling a good deal as I do. 

I send you also under another Cover the letter I wrote 
in reply to Lord Melville, but being desirous to forward 
the whole to you I wrote another and kept the first Copy. 
I shall be glad to learn your sentiments upon the whole if 
it does not cause you too much trouble to impart them as 
I value your opinions a great deal — you will be so good to 
return the whole together. 

Since I wrote this I have found my previous letter to 
Lord M. and his to me. I have also enclosed them separ- 
ately. If I bore you it is your own fault for having written 
so long and kind a letter to me. 

I am sorry Paget avoided the Summons of the House, 
his evidence would have been good, because it would have 
been decided, and he would have become a little more 
habituated to the World, which by prolonged Retirement 
he will dislike to meet again — I have no idea he will be 
required in Portugal, we must be Chassed there. With 
apologies for this long scrawl, Believe me ever affectionately 


Capt. Hon, Charles Paget 

UxBRiDGE House. 
My Dearest Arthur, — . . . I have found London pleasant 
enough owing to the number of the family dinners, & the 
circumstance of things in general going on smoothly. 
Yesterday a party consisting of Amehus Beauclerk, Bladen 
Capel, Mark Kerr, Graham Moore, & myself dined with 
Galloway, & the same sort of thing happens every day. 

i8o9-io] PAGET AND THE PRINCE 133 

On Friday the independent Member of Parliament ' gives a 
grand dinner to the above set with the addition of Strachan 
& Legge. 

Paget has lately had a long conference with the Prince 
at Carlton House, it lasted more than two hours, during 
which time every topic both of a Public & Private nature 
was touched upon. Paget is to go to his Levee, which 
takes place immediately after Easter. Vivian (whom the 
Prince has promised Paget to appoint one of his Aid-de- 
Camps) will go with him. 

I went down to Surbiton last Sunday with Paget to see 
the Children. Car has wonderfully recovered her strength 
& looks. . . . 

I saw Addenbrooke yesterday and asked him what he 
thought were the intentions of Ld. Rivers touching Cran- 
bourne Chase, & he assured me that he had no motive 
for wishing to be rid of it, other than the trouble which 
he found was given him by People, whose concerns in the 
Chase led them to be constantly teazing him with one 
business or other, but that he was persuaded he would not 
dispose of it, unless it were to Ld. Uxbridge. 

Can I do anything for you ? Poor fellow, I am quite 
vexed that you should have found such disaster when you 
got home. This fresh instance of the inconvenience of 
having Deer so close abroad will make you hate them more 
than ever. Ever your affect. & devoted 


Countess of Uxbridge 

London, May 31s/, 1810. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I am so horrified at this dreadful 
catastrophe of the Duke of Cumberland's * that I can 
scarcely hold my pen, but your very dear, but affecting 
letter of yesterday demands my immediate, and warmest 
thanks. . . . Kiss pretty little Leopoldine for us. We must 
remain in this odious Town till after Jane's confinement 
the end of June. Will it suit you best that we should go 

1 Berkeley Paget. 

1 H.R.H. the Duke of Cumberland was the victim of a murderous 
attack by one of his servants, a native of Piedmont, named Sellis. on 
the night of May 31 in his apartments at St. James's Palace. After very 
severely wounding the Duke by repeated blows with a sabre, the assailant 
cut his own throat. The Duke recovered. 


to West Lodge before our Visit to Bishops Court ? or, if 
you prefer it, after it will be equally convenient to us. I 
have much more to say in reply to two most kind letters, 
but at this Moment am unequal to it. Ever, my dearest 
Arthur, your most affectionate Mother, 


Gen. Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

Beau Desert, 5th June, 1810. 

My Dear Arthur, — I have thanks to offer you for a 
letter of the 24th of last month. But for the locals, I 
should now most probably be with you at West Lodge. 
My tour will finish at Oxford in the last days of July, and 
I have already traced out my route from thence to Sarum. 
In the meantime I must put certain queries to you. What 
village, or Posada have you in your neighbourhood, and 
within what distance, capable of taking in 3 or 4 horses 
and their attendants ? About what time do you expect 
Ld. & Ldy. Uxbridge ? Have you it in contemplation 
at any time during the summer to go to Bishops Court ? 

Where is Handley Manor and what is this dehghtful little 
spot of which you speak ? Before I am much older, I 
must have some residence of my own, be it a Barn. Tho' 
I did not occupy it one week in fifty-two, still there is that 
in one's nature, which makes one enjoy the society, bounty, 
and hospitaUty of our relatives and friends in a tenfold 
degree, when one is not entirely dependent upon them 
for an Asylum. I have however fix't Ideas upon this 
subject, which I am afraid partake somewhat of selfishness. 
I never could spend one shilling satisfactorily upon a place 
not my own, or at least not likely to be my own, and there- 
fore it would be a sine qua non with me, as long as it pleases 
God to spare the life of my little Boy, not to take a place 
without having the Option of purchasing it at a future 
Period. It is in this manner that Galloway has got pos- 
session of Coolhurst. There is a most pleasing, tho' melan- 
choly, contrast between this Place now, & what we recollect 
it a few months ago. All is Peace and tranquillity. I am 
persuaded I could live here for ever even in Solitude, and be 
cheerful, and with a few I could name most happy. Ever 
most affectionately yours, 

E. P. 



i8o9-io] INQUIRIES AFTER "BEN" 135 

Lord Paget 

June jth, 1810. 

My Dear Arthur, — I write to you to enquire after Ben. 
I intreat you to let me know how Ben is. I pity him from 
my Soul. I do not understand what precaution he can 
take to defend himself. If such persons as Jouart and 
Dupacquet ^ are not to be depended upon, what is to become 
of him ? What is he to do ? I am really distressed to the 
greatest degree at the poor Duke of Cumberland's horrid 
misfortune, but I will fairly own to you, that I have had Ben 
more constantly present in my thoughts than even the 
Duke. What do you suppose he does ? Does he bolt his 
doors ? No — for then he might be burnt to death, or be 
taken with an apoplexy. He certainly cocks his pistols. 
That of course. They have been cocked for these 20 years. 
But then he may be asleep. In short, my dear Arthur, don't 
treat this anxiety as a joke, but do tell me, what does he 
do ? How is he ? What does he say ? I can think of 
nothing else. I have only just heard this shocking business. 
It is really horrid. The Duke seems to have possessed 
himself, and to have been very stout. I have great faith 
in his nerves. But what will Ben do ? Of course he wiU 
lock up all his sabres and keep the keys himself. But 
that may not do. There are others. In short what will 
he do ? If you have any mercy, find out and tell me. I 
reaUy can write of nothing else. Ever affecly yours, 


Countess of Uxhridge 

London, June 13th, 1810. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I have not for ages received a 
letter from you, that contributed so much to my happiness 
as your last, it confirms me in the opinion that where good 
seed is sown it will grow at last. Your nature was every- 
thing I could wish, you suffer'd it to lie dormant for a time, 
that time used to make me miserable. Now you make 
my heart glad, formerly your letters were gloomy, when you 
had much variety to enhven them. Now that there is 
a sameness in your life, they are dehghtful ; this is a 
true picture, tho' not well drawn. In short your letter 

^ The Prince of Wales' pages. 

136 MRS. CLARKE'S BOOK [ch. ii 

in all its parts cheer'd me as much as your hospitality did 
the good people you feasted on our beloved King's birthday. 
I think, as it's the same thing to you and Lady Augusta, we 
had better make our visit at West Lodge before we go to 
Bishops Court, but this shall be just as you and the Graves' 
like to settle it. Oh ! Arthur, Mrs. Clarke's book petrifies 
me. If you have not got it, I will send it to you. Some- 
times I flatter myself it may be her vile malice that has 
instigated her to this publication, and that it is false. If 

so, a contradiction will soon appear. If true, * can never 

shew his face again. 

14th. I could not get a frank yesterday and this was 
not worth sending without. 

Poor pretty little Leopoldine ! When I think of the 
possibility of her being assailed by the tribe you mention, 
it makes me shudder. I hope you succeeded in annihilating 
them. The account this morning of the Duke of Cumber- 
land is the best we have yet had. I hope you enquired 
after him. Depend upon it, he would be much gratified 
by your doing so. The only person in London that has 
omitted this is Mr. Whitbread. Poor man ! He is still 
in a deplorable state, has not the least use of either of his 
hands, and he has not been shaved since the event on 
account of wounds in his face and neck, of which he has 
eleven. I'm afraid Marconi would not approve of your 
punishment for him. I am ever your most affect. Mother, 


Hon. Berkeley Paget 

[June, 1810.] 

Most Excellent Sir, — I send you the recipe for Angel 
Pudding, and I hope you will be as good as your Word in 
coming again to London before you go to the West, as I 
will give you Wine and wassel and get Box for Tragedy or 
Comedy, or Comi-Tragedy or Tragi-comedy. 

I saw your Brother most provident in peril bind himself 
(Courage and hope both teaching him the practice) to a 
strong Mast, that lived upon the Sea ; where like Arion on 
the Dolphin's back, I saw him hold acquaintance with the 

^ H.R.H. the Duke of York, who had been compelled to resign his 
Command of the Army in the previous year owing to scandalous revela- 
tions of improper influence in regard to officers' appointments and pro- 
motion exercised by his mistress, Mary Anne Clarke. 

1809-10] CHARLES AT SEA 137 

Waves so long as I could see. Vide " 12th Night," Act ist, 
So. 2. 

Small Beer I 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Revenge, June 17th, lat. 48, long. 17 W, 

Nothing interesting has occurred, my dearest fellow, since 
my last, all that we have seen or done having been to 
board a few homeward bound merchantmen, the only good 
resulting from which has been that I have been able to 
send almost daily a letter to Ehzabeth, all of which I trust 
she will receive as punctual^ as I have been enabled to 
send them. 

Considering the time of year I think we have done toler- 
ably well to get so far to the Westward in a week. We 
have had extreme^ variable weather, & by taking advantage 
of the Slants, have thus got our Westing. 

Where we now are is as likely as anywhere to pick up a 
homeward bound Frenchman. But it is so scarce a com- 
modity that I by no means count upon such good fortune. 
It is for us sailors a sad measure of policy possessing the 
Enemy's West India Islands. For my part I wish they 
had both Martinique & Guadaloupe again, and upon my 
soul I think we ought not to molest the Foe in the enjoy- 
ment of these possessions, which in ours I don't believe do 
us any real good, & if in theirs would constantly be the 
spring, from whence the Navy would have its hopes & 
expectations of Prize-Money realized, & let me tell you 
after so long & so tedious a war as this has been to the 
Johnnys, it would not be unadvisable of the Government 
considering these matters. In a former letter I think I 
said " that I could have chosen a frigate & a Commander 
I like better than the Iris." I was impelled to this by 
the recollection of something which I remember you to 
have told me regarding Capt. Shalland, which has im- 
pressed me with no very favorable feelings towards him. 
It was something that he did about you or your things 
when he commanded the Queen off Cadiz, or at Gibraltar, 
that induced you to mention him once to me in a way 
which I own has made me on this occasion anything but a 
social Commodore. In excepting the day I sailed, when 
Admiral Young sent him to me to receive his orders, I 


have not seen him, & lest he should be inclined to visit 
me about dinner time I have every day sent him by signal 
to look out five or six miles off. I am surprised to find his 
frigate does not sail better — being one of the Danes & they 
are all but her remarkably swift. Certainly we have the 
advantage of the Iris, & from the character she possesses 
by those on board her — I had expected to be beat. She 
is not good at anything, always ten minutes acknowledging 
a signal, & then about ten more in beginning to comply 
with it, & I think in shifting a fore Top sail yesterday 
which was split, they were by my watch one hour & a 
quarter. You have been enough at sea to have seen it 
done in less than a quarter of an hour. But it is a shame 
pulling holes in a fellow's Jacket — however it will not go 
further. , . . 

The more I have leisure, my excellent fellow, to reflect, 
the more irksome I feel it going to sea. The only, & God 
knows it is the only, reason I have for one instant to condemn 
myself for having married, arises from the misery it is to 
both my poor dear Elizabeth and myself — these cruel 
intervals from each other. Is it not then wicked, abso- 
lutely barbarous, for people to choose to impute to me 
an improper attachment to a very old & certainly a very 
sincere friend, when at the same time I firmly believe that 
under Heaven there does not exist a Husband more wrapt 
up & entirely devoted to a wife than I am to mine. But 
if it is wickedness in the illnatured World to impute this 
to me, what epithet of infamy is strong enough to fix upon 
the Mother of my Wife, who would have poison'd her 
happiness irrevocably by making or rather attempting to 
make her believe the scandal charged against me ? Hap- 
pily however from the first moment of our Marriage we 
have both shewn the most unequivocal & entire confidence 
in each other's thoughts & actions — having beforehand 
stipulated with ourselves that if ever by possibility any- 
thing, or any subject, should hereafter arise whereon the 
slightest misconception or doubt might exist, that instantly 
the one should apprize the other of it, instead therefore of 
my poor Elizabeth allowing this base calumny to brood one 
instant in her agitated mind, she unreservedly disclosed to 
me all she heard and from whom. 

From that moment (two years ago) not one atom of 
uneasiness has she felt on the subject, for so completely 

1809-10] "THE VILLAIN" 139 

was I enabled to compose her mind, & satisfy her of the 
hellish falsity of the imputation, that I don't know whether 
she or myself condemned the person most, who certainly 
above all others in existence should have been the last to 
have awakened such fears. Don't I beseech you, my 
excellent fellow, let this go further. So much I have 
communicated, as by chance the subject was alluded to 
that day at West Lodge, when you were reading a passage 
of one of Paget' s letters touching upon it. If however 
hereafter you should on any occasion hear any allusion to 
the Dss of B. & myself, you may safely, because you may 
truly, pledge yourself to the innocence of our friendship, 
& if ever you should have occasion to vouch for it, you may 
at the same time assert that there never were two people 
more devoted to each other than Elizabeth & myself. Now, 
my old Bo}^, having opened my whole heart to you on this 
subject, the sincerity of which you never have nor never 
will, I trust, have to doubt, I shall have reliance on you 
promising never to revive it. But thus much I felt justified 
in stating, as I know you may sometimes be in the way to 
hear the subject named. For ever your devoted 


General Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

Beau Desert, 27/A June, 18 10. 

My Dear Arthur, — The same cover which incloses this 
letter to London to be franked conveys a proposition to 
Lady Uxbridge to make West Lodge merely an Inn in 
passing to Bishops Court, where I have urged her to make 
her first visit ; by which means I shall be able to meet 
her at West Lodge during her second visit. I count upon 
its success. What think you of Bartholo * a Lord of the 
Treasury ? I anticipate much pleasure from the recon- 
naissances in the buggy, and the sea dip, and equally 
rejoice with you at the developement of " the Villain." J, 
Powell's Address of the 23rd inst. is a beautiful illustration 
of the sore vexation and disappointment of the ruffians at 
the conduct of their Chief. Ever your most affectionate 

E. P. 

* Berkeley Paget, appointed a Lord of the Treasury this month. 


Earl of Galloway 

PoRTMAN Square, July ist, 1810. 

Dear Arthur, — I was determined to return you Gruty's 
letter by last night's post as that appeared your chief 
object. Many thanks now for the perusal of it, it causes 
much reflection, and lays open a distressing scene ; there 
can be no doubt but that the degeneracy of the Royal and 
the Noble throughout Europe has obtained for the Enemy 
all their foreign success ; and which must endure until 
a new stock of Nations take their place, and ultimately 
drive out all foreigners ; you can attest as well as anybody 
the truth of the above position, and it appears the regular 
course of events that it should be so. However the French 
Power, not being founded upon innate tho' stern virtues 
such as the Roman was, but a result of crime & cunning 
and connected with luxury and many of the attendants 
of Empire come to perfection & falhng off, cannot I conceive 
endure beyond a very limited period. I httle doubt that 
much good will ultimately result to the Human Race from 
all that has happen' d these 20 years past ; Catholic Super- 
stition will be destroyed in Europe, and Emancipation 
extend over all South America. These appear as the great 
outline of the Benefits that are to accrue — come, no more 
upon the subject that is almost too great for the mind, 
and particularly so to me, uncomfortably situated as I am. 
I am unfortunately situated in a Room that has the Kitchen 
underneath, and it has nearly disabled me, and renders me 
unwell. I am forced frequently to quit it, and to write 
&c. where I can, and subject, as at present, to the noise of 
Half a Dozen Children ; this has prevented me writing to 
you for a length of time. 

With regard to Lord Melville {entre nous) I must say " non 
est qualis erat," I consider him to be as good Chamber 
Counsel as ever and to have as sound private opinions, but 
he is not the man he was in a Popular assembly, and when 
I say he was hully'd by Lord Mulgrave you may suppose 
a decay exists somewhere. It gave me much pleasure to 
have been of use to him the day he made his Naval motion 
in the Ho. of Lords, a subject I understood pretty well, 
and accorded in with him, my statements were as much 
more forcible I thought than Lord Mulgrave' s, as his were 
made to appear more than my Friend's, and I have reason 


to believe completely convinced the House, but alas the 
House consisted of only Friendly Peers not exceeding 20, 
for the Opposition had withdrawn to a Man, as a marked 
inattention to Lord ilelville, 'who they cut. The old man 
felt so grateful to me that he carried me Home to a private 
family dinner, and from his inward feelings I found even 
a bottle of good claret did not keep his spirits up ; I think 
he felt he did not command the attention etc. of former times. 
To make up for the deiiciency of attention indoors he has 
pubhshed all his Naval opinions in pamphlets, and I recom- 
mend you to read all he says on Naval subjects, and an 
answer also to him about the Ordinary of the Navy well 
worthy of attention, agreeing also with him on all points. 
From its being called an answer many people have been 
misled to think it an opposing answer, whereas it is the 
very reverse. Now as to Lord M.'s Home Politics I think 
he has and is playing a bad game. I am convinced that 
he feels that either himself or son 7)iust be in power to retain 
his influence in Scotland, and when he could not, the son 
was placed in line, but Lord M., I beheve, thought this 
would be temporary only, and that he would in proper 
time and place have been recalled. The King and Mr. 
Perceval {which is one and the same thing) apparently do 
not intend this, and from no personal dishke, but, as they 
honestly say, because they conceive it would lose them 
more friends in the Commons than the reverse ; Lord M. 
thinks him pusillanimous and perhaps deceitful, therefore 
he refuses his Earldom,^ and leaves the House before every 
division, even the Cathohc question, and other questions 
where he might with ease divide with them if he pleased. 
All this has, I beheve, produced bad humour between them 
and he is gone to Scotland with all the feehngs calculated 
to give him at his age a bihous attack of some sort or other. 
As I conceive he owed his Salvation upon his trial to the 
friends of the Crown, he is unable ever after to act in 
opposition to the Old King, as well as to hold up in Scotland 
without his Son or himself in Power, and yet he manifests 
all the feehngs of opposition. Therefore his conduct 
neither satisfies himself nor others. I am too young to 
advise him, but thro' others I have said that he ought to 
have accepted his Earldom as a mark of the opinion of the 

1 Lord Melville declined an earldom in Oct. 1809, according to Lord 
Colchester's Diary, ii. 218. He died May 28th, 181 1. 

142 RIVAL STATESMEN [ch. ii 

Crown to the Public, to have voted with Government, yet to 
have stated his opinion of their errors fairly, which you 
know can easily be made notwithstanding to accord with a 
friendly vote, because hostility destroys the Government 
by bringing in Opposition. If he had acted this old mentor 
part, he would have stood more respectably in every view, 
and if really wanted in case of extreme national distress 
would have been applied to ; if the distress never occurs 
he ought from past circumstances to be satisfied wdth the 
ostensible power being in the hands of his son, for his case 
does not admit any forcing into power. I like Lord M. as 
a man independent of my opinion of him as a Statesman 
and a Minister, and I am sorry to see him in my view of 
the subject playing his cards ill. He puts me in mind of 
Charles Fox, who, however great on national points, always 
mismanaged his private interests. I have heard of other 
proofs of ill-judged irritability on his part, but as they 
may not be true, I do not advance them. 

I would not have said half so much on this subject did I 
not conceive from yours you really wished it ; when I see 
you, which I really mean to do at your own house, I hope 
in the course of next month, I will endeavour to explain 
myself better ; at present the children actually with their 
shrill voices perforate the walls, much more the doors. 

Perceval's* surprise equals, I believe, your own, and his 
joy, I should suppose, surpasses it. It is thought the 
diversion created by Sir Francis Burdett has caused his 
prominence ; it certainly aided him much, but the greater 
dislike to opposition is the true cause of his success. Perceval 
has principle as well as talent, and is a gentleman, and he 
would only have been replaced by Whitbread, Tierney, or 
Ponsonby, neither of whom is liked as much ; his being a 
lawyer was against him, but was preferred to the others 
after all. He will probably never be so pressed again, and 
will by many ways gain strength before next meeting of 
Parliament. I think the Sidmouths expect to be joined 
on again, and unless Canning returns it will be so. Yorke 
will please the Navy, and do his part far better than Mul- 
grave. Lord Wellesley would do famously but he is lost 

* The Right Hon. Spencer Perceval became Prime Minister in 1809 ; 
he was assassinated in the lobby of the House of Commons, May nth, 
1 8 12, by one Bellingham, a man with a grievance against Lord Granville 
Leveson-Gower, for whom he mistook the unfortunate Perceval. 


by women. Debt and its disgrace approaches him fast, and 
flogging, I fear, will be as necessary to him as a Minister, 
as they say it is to him as a man. He shewed us a very 
brilliant specimen of what he by nature was in the House 
of Lords upon the Spanish question, but like a meteor after 
a blaze disappeared : liis mind cannot keep its own when 
his constitution goes, and which must be nearly gone.* 
Lord Grenville I fear is also lost to us for ever. His Oxford 
duties will prove him a little, if he goes, which is by some 
still thought doubtful — a return to thought and business it 
is presumed will produce a relapse, his complaint being here- 
ditary and apparently of a permanent nature. Canning 
has lost ground in public opinion, and will I fear prove 
himself a man of wit but not of noble cast, adversity proves 
the man, how few can stand it, and by greatness then 
restore their fallen fortunes : it is rumoured he has try'd 
to tamper with opposition, the rumour alone if untrue is 
fatal to his character. Lord Grey ^ stands prominent, and 
if he had been in the Commons some think the Ministry 
could not have held on. He is (if he lives, for his health 
is bad and stamina weak) a decided future Minister. Tho' 
irritable and bad-tempered I beHeve he is noble and dis- 
interested, and stands so much above his fellows that I like 
him much. However he is the last remaining of the old 
and right school, all before us is blank, and this alone 
causes me to fear on pohtical subjects, and that not confined 
to Home alone — heavens I have written 8 pages and not 
said half my say. If you was not situated loin du monde 
au fond d'une province I would not send it. God bless you 
and yours. Tell me if you wish the other half. Adio. 


Hon. Berkeley Paget 

PoRTMAN Street, July 15th, 1810. 

Most Excellent Sir, — What you suppose to have been 
said to Ben at the Review on Wimbledon Common, occurr'd 
really at the Duke of Cumberland's Table at Kew, where 
Ben was holding forth about the thirty or forty thousand 
men that he calculated were to be present on the day of 

^ The Prince of Wales used to say of Lord Wellesley, " What can you 
do with a Spanish Grandee grafted on an Irish potato ? " 

- Charles, 2nd Earl Grey, who lived to fulfil Lord Galloway's prophecy 
by becoming Prime Minister in 1830. 



Review. It was then that Colonel Congreve exclaimed 
" By God, Sir, Bonaparte won't hke to hear of this. It will 
open his eyes." ! ! ! Ben seem'd to admit it. What he said 
to me one day that I dined at Kew was not amiss. H.R.H. 
was describing to me the manner in which Princess Charlotte 
rode about Carlton House Gardens, turning the corners in a 
gallop, stopping short on the Horse's tail &c. on which I 
said, " Her Royal Highness must have pretty good nerves, 
Sir." " God damn you, isn't she my daughter ? " was 
the reply. I immediately assented to it, with the strongest 
assurance that the firmness of his Royal nerves was uni- 
versally held up as an example. " Didn't I, Frank ? " 

I laughed heartily this morning at a letter to Graves 
announcing the arrival of his Behemoth at West Lodge. 
Independent of the pleasure I should derive in making one 
of your party, I own I should have considered myself par- 
ticularly fortunate if I could have been with you on Graves's 
arrival. I can figure to myself the transaction of Graves 
mounting this huge beast with the effect it will produce 
on you. If Gillray wasn't raving mad, I should send him 
down to West Lodge to be present at the Ceremony. I 
have sent you however the nearest representation I could 
hit upon. It is what I have laughed at by the hour to- 
gether. Graves talks of leaving town to-da}^ at five o'clock. 
That depends, I should think, a good deal upon whether 
or not an opportunity presents itself in the evening of 
shewing his shapes in a Waltz. Charles leaves town to-day 
and I take it for granted goes thro' Pitcock. Beheve me 
most affly yrs, 

B. Paget. 

Lord Graves 

Bishops Court, ^th August, 1810. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . We got here last night with 
great success. Mary is a little out of humour at the stink 
of Paint throughout the house in consequence of the zeal 
of the Painter, who — having finished one job — thought he 
could not do better than beginning another by painting 
nearly the whole of the inside of the house. A good constant 
thorough air I hope will get rid of the smell before Lord 
and Lady Uxbridge arrive, and thus tranquiUise Mary's 
perturbed spirit. Pray begin immediately to sow the 

i8o9-io] A WET SEASON 145 

common Norfolk Turnip, you can not have a better time 
than the present, which is just the season so as to have 
them about March. Your second crop of sweeds will 
never come to anything, being too late; I have just ploughed 
down five acres of mine in a similar, or indeed a more ad- 
vanced state, and sown in lieu of them the common Norfolk. 
The mildew has got into the wheat in this district from 
the quantity of rain lately fallen which will seriously affect 
the late sown wheats. The grass here is marvellously fine 
from the same cause, I never saw anything so green, and 
luxuriant. Horses and lean cattle have fallen 50 per cent. 
Hardly any horses were sold at Exeter fair, & the few that 
did go off at very low prices — at least one half of the Hay is 
still out & will probably be spoil'd. It is an ill wind that 
blows no one good. I shall make my fortune by my old 
hay this Winter. When I was at West Lodge I forgot to 
offer you my setters for the Season, which I can spare without 
inconvenience, as I shoot so little — or indeed not at all — 
without joking I have three that cannot be excell'd by any 
dogs in England. I know you will laugh at this, & turn up 
your Beaic Nez — but let me tell you, before your Coke, or 
Paget breed can be good for anything, they must be well 
broke, and a humbler race with a good education may 
answer very well for your first year. The Papagalli start 
tomorrow morning from Clyst Honiton per Mail Coach — 
under the guardianship of the Guard — I hope they will 
arrive safe and add to the lustre of the West Lodge Aviary. 
I am [illegible] that I escap'd the pleasure of bringing down 
a Cage full from London by the latter having arrived after 
I had set off from Town. The Lady Faroqueet has lost her 
neckcloth but with care and attention she will soon regain 
it. If Augusta likes I can get her some more of the sort. 
Do you or Augusta want a Coach Dog, I have a beautiful 
spotted Puppy at your service, about two months old. 
Perhaps Oubli would hke to play with him ? Yours ever 


Lord Rivers 

Aug., 1810. 

Lord Rivers took the opportunity of the first grey day 

to welcome Lord & Ly. Uxbridge to the Chase ^ & to con- 

* Anecdotes and History of Cranhoitrn Chase, by Rev. Wm. Chafin, 


gratulate them on having brought fine weather & to propose 
to Sir Arthur & General Paget to dine and sleep at Rushmore 
Lodge on Friday that they may get earUer to their sport 
the next morning. Hopes to make his Bow to Lord & 
Lady Uxbridge before they leave West Lodge, admires Sir 
Arthur's & Ly. Augusta's improvements & rejoices in such 
excellent Tenants '& such a pattern of a Ranger. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Fair Oak. 

My Dearest Arthur, — This is glorious weather and 
everything looks cheerful, but I can't feel so as long as I 
think that you are not quite happy, and I know from the 
temperature of your mind when we parted, and your subse- 
quent letters, that you are not as you ought to be. This 
consideration, and the never-ceasing one of our dwindled 
resources, continues to haunt my imagination both night 
and day, and they are subjects which do not fail to excite 
the utmost anxiety. 

I expect Paget to-morrow, perhaps this evening as he 
reached lown from Beau Desert last night. In going down 
he met with an extraordinary event, namely in passing thro' 
Fenny Stratford at a tremendous pace, a boy running across 
the road behind a waggon, which the carriage was in the 
act of passing, was upset and completely trampled over 
by the leaders, after which both wheels on Paget' s side of 
the carriage passed over him, the sensation of which he 
felt — nothing short of death under such circumstances 
could be expected ; it was therefore marvellous that the 
little fellow should have been able to get up and hollo most 
lustily, and on examination to be found not to have had 
any hmbs broken but only internally bruised. 

We had our accident also, for which probably Paget will 
have to pay dearer, inasmuch as that the footman who 
came down with us, in riding on to order horses, broke his 
horse's leg at the fetlock joint behind, and I was obliged 

1818, give much curious information about Lord Rivers' rights and the 
various troubles and Utigation caused by the depredations of the great 
number of wild deer which then roamed over it. Deer-stealing was a 
regular Uvelihood for many — and eventually the Chase was disfranchised 
and the deer finally exterminated about the year 1830. The Chase had 
been divided hke the New Forest into several Walks, and Lord Rivers 
now appointed Sir A. P. ranger of the " West Walk." 


on arriving on the spot to pass sentence of death which 
was forthwith executed. In point of law I imagine Paget 
is not answerable for the accident — but I suppose he will 
do something handsome. 

We think of going to Town with our poor httle Carohne 
next week in order to have the opinion of CHne & Cheshire 
about her. The latter comes to Town from Leicestershire 
this week. She is not a bit better for the Pere's System, 
which has now been in practise more than a year. Whereas 
ten months were to have completely restored her. You 
may suppose we wish to do that which will ultimately be 
the most beneficial for the poor child, and it seems to me 
that in having given the Pere so very fair a trial without 
finding any advantage from it that a further loss of time 
would be imprudent. If it should be decided to put her 
under the care of Cheshire, she will have the benefit of 
being under the roof of Carohne up till next January which, 
circumstanced as we are, is a great consideration. . . . 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Fair Oak. 

My Dearest Good Fellow, — . . . We yesterday went up 
& breakfasted with Sir Harry, where we found old Batten, 
from the latter we have just received a basket of his nice 
young Pigeons, & to-morrow we take Uppark in our way 
to see & thank the old Boy for his attention. 

. . . The Duke & Duchess of Bedford are bowHng along in 
your neighbourhood today, as they start this morning for 
Devonshire for a fortnight, and probably will sleep about 
Woodgates as they make three days of it. 

I was at Portsmouth the day before yesterday for a few 
hours. I went incog. & hired a wherry & visited the Superb, 
which is soon to be brought forward & I understand will 
require about six months in Dock. She is not — from the 
circumstance of being built from French lines — half the 
ship on the upper decks that the Revenge is but she is not 
the worse for that. Saihng is the grand object, & that she 
always did well. She is the ship I have fixed upon in my 
own imagination, & if I get her I shall be well satisfied. I 
am still given the Malta, & have been often congratulated 
upon her — but there is no foundation for it, & indeed it 


would be a shame that such a ship should be given to any 
fellow, who had given up such a one as Revenge. 

You must be well pleased at the manner in which Ld. 
Welhngton has conducted, & brought to issue, the Campaign 
in Portugal. The result is so infinitely more favourable 
than the most sanguine and confident looked forward to, 
that it cannot but be matter of surprize & admiration to 
those (of whom I confess I am one) that looked forward 
to about this period being the moment, when the British 
would be obliged to retire altogether from Portugal. 

Beresford seems also to be doing well, & it will be a 
glorious result if he can jam up Victor between Graham & 
himself, and effectually raise the Siege of Cadiz by the 
annihilation of the force before it. What do you beUeve 
of this talked of insurrection in Holland ? If the dis- 
position alone pervades the Scheldt fleet, Bony will not like 
to order them to sea. Think of Billy Young, or Stiffo 
Rumpo as they like to call him at Plymouth, commanding 
in the North Sea ! He has not been at sea since '95 I 
beheve. . . . 

C. P. 

Hon. Berkeley Paget 

Ramsgate, Now. ijth, 1810. 

My Dear Arthur, — It really is too provoking that you 
seem as far as ever from possessing your effects from Vienna. 
Surely there must be some gross neglect or mismanage- 
ment in the parties, who had the charge of them, not being 
able to specify the ship on which they are on board in the 
River. I shall be in town on the 29th, and will see Culling 
Smith : in the interim perhaps some information may 
have been gained respecting their place of concealment. 
The Lord deliver me from the Custom House, which is 
supposed to be under the control of the Treasury, but from 
what I have seen I should certainly reverse that supposition. 
I agree with you that searching your property is not the 
most satisfactory mode (to you) of proving the identity 
of it. 

. . . Leckie certainly was no favourite at the Foreign 
Office. He certainly blew them up pretty handsomely. 
He speaks so highly of Lord Wellesley however, that perhaps 
he may come into favour. His Lordship, I take it, can 

i8o9-io] LORD YARMOUTH 149 

swallow it all. Not that Leckie has done it to get a footing 
there. I really believe him to be above it — if he thought 
Lord Wellesley as great a blockhead as his predecessors, 
he would tell him so with as little ceremony as he used 
towards them. You'll see by his book what he thinks of 

Before I left town, I saw Ld. Wm. Bentinck — I asked him 
if he had seen Leckie. He said. No, but wished it much. 
I took him the next day and left them together. I saw 
neither of them afterwards. The day previous I had said to 
Ld. Wm. " Well you are off again to Sicily, so we shall be 
some time before we meet." " I don't know that," said 
he, " if things go on in the same way, I shall very soon 
wash my hands of the business." 

I daresay Leckie will have worked him up on the subject ; 
tho' I think Ld. Wm. was disposed to listen to him with 
caution, from what he had previously said to me about 
his Book. I confess I long to hear what is to be done 
with Sicily. 

The poor old King seems to be in a very declining way. 
How he lasts so long is quite amazing, and I think much to 
be lamented. 

Ben, I suppose, will open his Parliament in the Hussar 
Attire. I shouldn't wonder at his riding into the House 
of Lords and speaking from his horse. There is no one, I 
suppose, to whom he had so great an aversion as to Lord 
Yarmouth,* and yet we shall all have to bend our knee 
to a Prince now guided by such an unprincipled Counsellor. 
Pleasant ! 

H Illingworth is with you, pray remember me kindly to 
him. I like him much. Tell him he was a capital Proctor 
when I was at Ch. Ch. Believe me yours most affection- 


Mr. Donkin 

Bath, 25/A Novbr, 1810. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — Many thanks for your bountiful 
hamper of delicious Venison ! We shall drink yours and 

1 This was the period when Lady Hertford ruled the Prince, her husband 
becoming Lord-Chamberlain, and his eldest son, Yarmouth, Vice-Chamber- 
lain. Their days of favour came to an end when Lady Conyngham at- 
tracted the Regent's notice. 


your good Lady's health copiously this week. My daughter 
Jane delivered the March to Miss Bailey for you the 12th 
inst. My dear friend, I shall ever remember you and all 
the Pagets with the truest affection. 

Arthur the learned ! fit for Church or State 
Or Camp ; to preach fight or negotiate ! 

Donkin on the 

. Uxbridge family 

at Beau Desert, 


May Heaven protect you and yours says your old firm 

Rt- Donkin. 

Lord Paget 

{Dec, 1810.] 

My Dear Arthur, — I meant to have written to you three 
days ago, but was prevented by an accident, which now 
prevents my writing rapidly. It has, however, this advan- 
tage for you, that I am more legible by writing slower. 

The Neapolitan, or rather, I believe, Calabrian, has al- 
most taken off my thumb ; whether with his teeth, or by 
driving the bit against it, I know not. The first dressing 
is still on, and as I feel no pain, I conclude it is doing well. 
I am really glad to find that at length there seems a general 
determination upon Reform, and all that has passed upon 
the subject is very satisfactory. The more I look into 
matters, the more I am convinced that I for one have been 
shamefully plundered. The foolish extravagance and 
waste, that has existed chez moi, is amazing. It does not 
appear to have taken place in one article or in one depart- 
ment, but in all. A sort of combination in all to expend 
as much as they can. This sort of thing goes to trifles, 
which, I am sure till now, I hardly considered as expenses. 
Who for instance wd. conceive that a few almonds and 
raisins dealt out daily to two persons (who by the by never 
touch them) shd. amount to a serious charge ? So however 
it is, and Mechin (my new Franks) states that of this 
latter article, he was for this quiet teie d tete, required to 
furnish at the rate of 4 lb. of the latter article in 6 days. 
And so in every other article of Dessert ; the habit of my 
family it seems having been always to make a clean sweep 
of everything upon the table. And so it seems has every- 
thing of every description been misused. I enter into these 

i8o9-io] AT BEAU DESERT 151 

details with you, because it may be of service and what 
I am about to add will shew you that, whilst you think you 
are keeping a sharp look out, you too are overreached. 
The articles of tea, sugar, cream, and butter having ap- 
peared to surpass all decency, upon close enquiry it was 
found that here not only all the maids and upper servants, 
but that the footmen, and grooms, and helpers, have their 
fresh butter, cream, eggs etc. for breakfast, and for tea. This 
was not only owned to, but defended, and upon White's 
being called upon to say where else it was the custom, he 
quoted Your Excellency. Hereafter therefore I shall not 
find it prudent to take any of my reformed varlets into 
your irregular estabhshment. What an amazing subject 
for 5 pages ! ! ! I own however that I am becoming quite 
eager in gaining some knowledge in the important science 
of housekeeping, and shall be amazingly obliged by any 
return hints. , . . Car is surprisingly better, Agnes not a 
bit the worse for the Hooping Cough, the others quite well. 
The girls go down to Surbiton tomorrow, Henry and I go 
on Saturday. My Father is going on tolerably well, but I 
quite despair of his ever recovering energy enough to make 
a complete rally, altho' I do still think it is in his power. I 
have not yet seen the Regent, and there are no more Levees 
— but I will honestly confess that I intended to go there. 
I saw " my brother, the Duke of York," and walked a 
good while with him the other day. He really seemed 
rejoiced to see me. . . . Very afifly yours, 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Beau Desert {Dec, 1810]. 

. . . There are a great many Woodcocks in all the Covers. 
I dare say we saw, at least so Paget thinks, from 12 to 14 
couple yesterday in the New Hays, but we all shot like 
Taylors at them & Paget was, I think, the Master Taylor. 
I had the pleasure to wash his face at one very handsomely 
— it was a long shot. We generally got from 8 to 10 a day. 

The Cuckoo Bowers & Broad Waggles gave us on Friday 
a capital day's sport, 104 Head, about 60 of which were 
Pheasants. They say I shoot a good deal better than I 
did, & I beheve I do a little. Paget not so. Ever my good 
fellow your affect. & devoted, 

C. P. 


Dowager Countess of Jersey 

Stratford Street, [i8io]. 
I must write to you, I am so happy about Car.^ I must 
vent myself, I know no one that feels just as I do upon the 
subject but yourself, and you must be the victim. Surely 
there is every reason to rejoice, and I am not too sanguine 
when I think she will be more comfortable than ever. I 
am out of patience with those who croak, and had more 
pleasure in pitying her than they have in seeing her happy. 
Well, I am better now, and you are worse for the bore of 
my letters ; never mind, I am grown disagreeable in a 
new shape. I see things couleur de rose. Eliz.' is certainly 
better, and has less fever and more strength. 

1 do not know in what part of the world you will have 
the misfortune of receiving this, pray tell me where you 
are to live, what do you think of the Lighthouse near 
Plymouth if you cannot have West Lodge ? Give a thousand 
loves to Augusta. I suppose Leopoldine wears an astracan 
cap and smokes cigars — do write to me and confirm me in 
being happy. I am teazed to death with what I think 
the absurdity of that world, which always interests itself 
in an odious way about what does not concern it. Ever 
yours sincerely, 

F. J. 

i Apropos of her daughter Lady Paget's second marriage to the Duke 
of Argyll. 

2 Lady Elizabeth Villiers, Lady Jersey's only unmarried daughter, 
died this year. 



Duke of Richmond ' 

Phcenix Park, iSth February, 181 1. 

Dear Arthur, — Several people have applied to be extra 
aide-de-camps under the idea that it would entitle them to 
more leave of absence. Those I have refused. I should 
suppose Captain Bayly is under the same mistake. If, 
however, that is not the case and that you wish it, I will 
name him as one, though it can do him no manner of good 
whatever. You seem to have retained the taste of the 
whiskey a long while. I am not so fortunate, I soon lose 
the taste. What do you think of a party of which I was, 
killing 30 brace (we call them brace here) of woodcocks in 
one wood in less than 5 hours ? Pray give my love to 
Augusta. It is some years ago since I first knew her in 
this house.' Remember me to Sir Harry. ^ Believe me, 
dear Arthur, yours very sincerely, 


Hon. J. C. Villiers 

N. AuDLEY St., March 6th, 1811. 

My Dear Arthur, — I am extremely obliged to you for 
your letter, and quite sure of the kind motive which 
prompted you to write it. I will tell you in confidence 
how I conceive the matter stands. Burghersh seems to 
have taken a very strong attachment to Priscilla. I believe 
as strong as any thing, but Music, can excite in him. This 
has been entirely his own idea ; and I must say, from 
knowing her perfect disposition as well as I do, is a proof 

* Charles, 4th Duke of Richmond, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 1806-13. 

2 During the viceroyalty of her father. Lord Westmorland, 1790-95. 

3 Sir H. Fether stone. 


154 LORD BURGHERSH [ch. hi 

of his discernment in Character. He has gone almost all 
possible lengths in the assurance of his liking and attach- 
ment. At the same time, he does not seem to me to have 
quite decided in his own mind, whether he likes Music, a 
Campaign, a foreign Mission, or a Wife, best, and this 
hesitation, I believe, alone prevents the thing being settled. 

It cannot go on long just as it is ; for the worst is, that 
poor Priscilla (who is really Perfection in respect both of 
good understanding and of every good feeling) naturally 
gets too much interested for her own happiness. 

Mrs. Pole ^ did nothing whatever to court the match, 
on the contrary, between ourselves, had fears from what 
she had heard of B.'s disposition that it might not be such 
as to promise, what she is most anxious about, a most 
amiable and most beloved daughter's happiness. In the 
progress of the affair she has only attended to that, and is 
only with that view anxious that it shd come to some 
conclusion. It is so certain that any one who gets acquainted 
with Priscilla must like her better the more he has occasion 
to know her intimately, that I incline to think it will end 
in a marriage, unless any of his other distractions shd run 
away with him. This I believe is an exact tableau of the 
affair as it now stands. Your letter was very kind. You 
know the world is always inaccurate and malicious. . . . 
Ever most truly yours, 


Lord Graves 

Bishops Court, March i6th, iSii. 

My Dear Arthur, — Many thanks for your kind interest 
aJDOut me and mine. The little girl has not had one mo- 
ment's illness, Dieu merci, since she left Galloway's, and 
as for myself, with care I hope to weather my cough, but 
every March that passes over my head makes me regret 
the fine climate of Italy. Your system of getting up early 
I have attempted with tolerable success. There is room 
still for Improvement, though I am not in Bed after eight 
o'clock, and I am persuaded a little resolution will make 
it at last not only easy, but agreeable, which I confess is 
not the case at present. 

Notwithstanding my reluctance to bum your charming 

1 Mrs. Wellesley-Pole and Mrs. Villiers were sisters. 

i8ii] HORSE AND HOUND 155 

letter, it was I assure you completely burnt after the perusal 
of it. I am not naturally Jaseur, but in the case you men- 
tioned every thing concurs to make me hold my tongue, 
even were I incorrigible in that subject. 

Poor old Beckford,' I am sorry you have lost so good and 
polite a Neighbour. He was the best sportsman in Eng- 
land, and his "Practice in Hunting'' is really not only an 
excellent, but an elegant work. Apropos of Hunting the 
Distemper has broken out in the Stag-Hound Kennel, and 
four couple of the handsomest Hounds in England have 
fallen victims to that dreadful disease. We have at last 
check'd its progress after an injury that is almost irre- 
parable. Barring every accident we cannot recover our- 
selves under three years, and there is not such a thing to 
be procur'd as a real Stag-Hound, the King's and Lord 
Derby's being nothing more than very large Fox-Hounds. 
This is a mortifying circumstance to begin with, but I am 
not discourag'd, and hope to show you next Summer the 
remains of a very handsome Pack. 

Mr. Field never saw your Mare " Mathilde," and / am 
confident my practise, had it been adopted, would not have 
play'd the Devil with her. There is danger of an mlarge- 
ment taking place in the joint, and only violent stimulus 
will be able to counteract the unhealthy action of the 
part, ... If you had a white swelling in your Knee, they 
would blister it every day for six Months till you at last 
would prefer death to the constant renovated pain. But 
it is the constant repeated Blistering alone that would save 
your limb. Of course you will say, what a damned, ob- 
stinate, conceited fellow this is. But experience has given 
me on this point an opinion of my own, which I will not 
give up to Sir Harry's Groom, and the great Mr. Field, 
though he is the successor to the still greater Mr. Moorcroft. 
Coxe's offer of his Place to the Trustees invested with the 
power to purchase an Estate for the Heirs of Lord Nelson 
does not astonish me. It has been a ticklish year for 
speculators. The Blow that a want of credit in the Country 
has given to all Bill negotiation has been felt throughout 
England, and every one now wishes to call in all Money 
that is not invested in real security. You may depend 
on it Coxe is press'd for Money. He has borrow'd to pur- 

i Peter Beckford of Stepieton, Dorset, died February i8th, i8ii, 
author of Thoughts upon Hare and Fox-Hunting. 

156 CRANBORNE CHASE [ch. hi 

chase Land, and the Lenders now require their Money, 
and will not, or cannot wait till he has completed his 
Speculations. But a thing of much more consequence 
to you, is the Rumour of Lord Rivers' intention to sell Cran- 
bume Chase. For God's sake lose not a moment to secure 
the Lease of West Lodge for as long a term as you can 
procure, unless you have already got one. In that case it 
cannot be of much consequence to you, who is the Pur- 
chaser, except he enfranchises the Chase, when adieu to 
the Walks of Deer, and perhaps to the under wood also. 
It can be no effort to your Father to become the Purchaser, 
as no Earl of Uxbridge would, I presume, ever reside at 
Stalbridge, whilst the family possesses Beau Desert with 
the appendage of the Chase of Cannock. 

Augusta and Oubli I am glad to find are so well, pray 
give my kind Love to them. Mary joins in kindest love, 
and is much oblig'd to Augusta for her intention of writing 
to her. She bid me say they are also in famous health, 
and the Baby grown exceedingly. 

I am not surpris'd at Galloway having again chang'd 
his mind. It was with great reluctance he consented to 
give up the idea of going to Sea. I suppose he has since 
found that being afloat will not interfere with the well 
being of his Estate, as he then imagin'd. I have not heard 
from him on the subject, and most probably shall not. This 
dry weather is capital for me as a Farmer to get in Oats 
and Barley. Believe me always yours most affectionately. 


P.S, I have not procur'd any cows for Charles, as before 
they got to him, they would have cost him more than 
they would be worth. 

Countess of Uxbridge 

London, March 25/A, 181 1. 

My Dearest Arthur, — Whilst I heard of you & dear 
Lady Augusta from other quarters I would not trouble 
you with a letter, first to save you from a stupid one, & 
next to save my eyes, but these considerations no longer 
influence me, since I have no opportunity but a direct 
communication from yourselves of knowing how you are. 
1 hope dear little Oubli escaped cold on her first return 
to West Lodge. All the children here have been ill, poor 

i8ii] FAMILY NEWS 157 

Car. in particular, but I am happy to find she is already 
better for the air of Surbiton. I have not been able to 
go there smce the little Pagets went, as my sister, Mrs. 
Close,' with Mr. C. and all their family are come to London 
to see Genl. Close, who is just returned from India after an 
absence of thirty nine years. Genl. Erskine & Lady Louisa 
are here for a short time in their way to Eastbourne. He 
has found benefit from the Bath Waters, but still there is 
room for improvement. Jane is about again but does not 
look well, & has not recover'd her strength but she means 
to encounter Lady Salisbury's to-night, which I think 
requires a good deal. Poor Edward is obliged to take great 
care of himself to avoid a relapse, which these Easterly 
Winds make him very liable to. He was at a great Military 
dinner yesterday, the Prince Regent in the Chair, who 
amongst the Toasts gave " the Duke of York & the Army," 
& after, " Sir D. Dundas & the Staff " ; does not this look 
like H.R.H. resuming his old Station ? I sincerely hope 
the day is not distant. I wish you joy of the good news 
from Cadiz. I have not yet accomplished getting the 
Gazette read to me. I understand the Spaniards behaved 
very ill. Nothing could exceed the valour of our Army. 
This dreadful Wind has got hold of your Father and made 
him very nervous. The fogs the early part of the morn- 
ing are horrid & as dark as November, but people who 
lead a London Life have the advantage of not seeing 
them . \ 

Here am I arrived at my fourth page, how could I be 
so unmerciful to you ? ... It will be very good of Lady 
Augusta to forward the beautiful gown her kindness be- 
stowed upon me. Mr. Villiers has been very ill, but I hear 
he is so much better to-day that he is gone to Cambridge. 
I wish success to the Duke of Rutland,^ & if it proves 
otherwise I'm afraid he will have brought it upon him- 
self by his injudicious letter. ... I am your ever affecte 


1 Lady Uxbridge's other sisters were Marianne, wife of Sir Charles 
Des Voeux, ist Bart. ; Henrietta de Robillard, wife of Sir Erasmus 
Borrowes, Bart. ; Letitia, who married, first, Herbert Stepney, of Durrow 
Abbey, and, secondly, Edward Smythe of Mount Henry, Queens Co. ; and 
Charlotte, who married a Colonel Armstrong. 

* He was the unsuccessful candidate in a contested election for the 
Chancellorship of the University of Cambridge, March 27th, 181 1, 

158 LORD RIVERS [ch. hi 

Lord Rivers 

Stratfieldsay, April 5th. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — The fine clear seasonable weather 
has been such a constant temptation to me to be all morn- 
ings trying and entering my young Greyhounds. . . . 

I had a good prospect as you say of being rich about 
this time, but my sale does not proceed, and I fear Sir 
Egerton Bridges, who secur'd my Glostershire Estate,^ is 
not able to conclude the purchase. The security I felt of 
course led me to more expence, and I therefore now feel 
au contraire very poor. So we must not talk of building, 
nor even of great changes at Rushmore. But as certain 
comforts were wanting there, I engag'd Bastard while he 
was on a visit at Salisbury to supply them, and get some 
bed-chambers new paper'd. When I am able to make 
alterations worthy your attention, I shall not forget your 
kind offer, for I own I don't at all understand these things. 
I should have been happy to have join'd your pleasant 
party at poor Sir Harry's. Perhaps you may return there 
before August, in which case I should be happy to meet 
you and Lady Augusta to whom I beg my best Regards. 
I hope always to pass August and September at Rushmore, 
and that we shall have some pleasant rides. In the mean- 
time believe me, dear Sir Arthur, with great esteem ever 
truly yours. Rivers. 

Horace * hitends living much at Stepleton, and I shall 
be happy to hear that he takes kindly to farming and 
shooting as he proposes, as he's not safe in London. How 
fortunate my Friend Graham ^ has been in having had 
such a singular opportunity of proving so clearly to the 
world that he possess'd those rare qualities of which we 
were all well convinced. 

Gen. Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

Monday, [April] 181 1. 

My Dear Arthur, — In case I do not get a Gazette for 
you in time for the Post, know that Graham has been 

* Sudeley Castle. 2 Horace Beckford, his nephew and heir. 

^ " General Graham acquired universal applause for the ability and 
firmness of his conduct at the battle of Barosa, March 5th, 181 1, and 
henceforth ranked amongst our most popular commanders." — Ann. Reg. 
181 1. At the close of the war he was created Baron Lynedoch. 


greatly successful, that Victor has been vanquished with 
the loss of two or three Generals, as many Eagles and 3 
or 4000 men — that 12,000 Spaniards ^ looked on, that 
British and Portuguese behaved inimitably, that it was a 
Combat of Bayonets, that Graham acted against the orders 
of the Spanish Chief and that if he had not, he would have 
been beat instead of beating, that Belluno had given orders 
for a Retreat in the event of the Spaniards making any 
movement, that our Loss is iioo men, that Graham was 
safely housed in the Isla de Leon, not being on account 
of the Spaniards able to follow up his Advantages, that 
Victor had not retired, Sebastian! being at hand with 
reinforcements, that British and Portuguese are covered 

with Glory — Spaniards with . Nothing from Lord 

Wellington — no doubt of Massena's Retreat. 

E. P. 


Despatches from Ld Wellington. Massena has reached 
Cellorico, his Army in the most shattered condition, the 
Losses sustained by the Enemy much greater than Ld W. 
was at first aware of. The Prisoners so numerous that 
he is obliged to send them to England. 


Despatches from Lord Wellington. Park and Tower 
guns firing — a complete flight ... a great number of the 
Enemy taken and destroyed, very many guns spiked and 
left behind, ammunition blown up, villages burnt. Roads 
covered with dead men and horses, hot pursuit. . . . 

Col. Addenbrooke 

Stratfieldsaye, a p. 5th, 181 1. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — On my return from Town yesterday 
I found your letter of the 3rd. Give yourself no concern, 
I beseech you, about the sale of the Royalty. My Lord 
of Rivers talks much before he acts. The sale in question 
he has talked of ever since his Father's death ; he has 
also talked, and seemingly more determindly so, of the 

1 See Napier's Peninsular War, iii. 446, for the abject cowardice of 
our Spanish aUies at Berosa. 


i6o A FEATHER OF RENOWN [ch. hi 

sale of Stratfieldsaye/ but which he now takes to ; as to 
the Chase, and the offer to Lord Uxbridge of the purchase, 
it only went to your Father thro' me, consequently Lord R. 
has had a refusal of his offer but by the same channel. 
That he wd at that time have sold it to His Lordship, I 
have no doubt, because something at the time vexed him, 
and he wished to wash his hands of much vexation, but that 
moment of irritation having passed, I hear no more talk 
of the sale, certain it is that he does not want the money. 
That being the case, a man considers, and reconsiders, 
before he sells a feather of such renown as that in question, 
so he is not likely to put it up to the best bidder, and if 
he did, assure yourself that he would not lose sight of 
you at West Lodge, with all his eccentricities he is con- 
siderate, and honourable, therefore care no more for reports, 
for depend on it talk, and not effect, will ever prove the 
result. I shall always have information should anything 
occur likely to prove conclusive, and you shall have even 
the rumor, on the occasion mentioned I had resolved to 
write to you on the subject but being at Uxbridge House 
I talked the matter over — with Mr. Sanderson present, as 
a mere sketch of the whim of the moment, so it rests. Ld R. 
makes no enquiries, he does not seem anxious about it, 
and I expect he wants not the money, which alone could 
drive a man to determine on such a sale. You are cer- 
tainly safe in your Chaumiere, where I sincerely wish you 
and Lady Augusta every possible comfort. . . . Dear Sir 
Arthur, most truly your faithful servant, 

J. P. Adden. 

Ly P.* very low, in Bodily health well, in Mind seriously 
diseased. She desires her Love and best regards to you and 
Lady Augusta. Lord R. here, but full of miseries, diseased 
Liver, and every disease under the Sun I believe in the 
course of 24 hours. Poor Lord Maynard^ is dangerously 
ill ; I called previous to leaving Town, and I saw one of 
his medical attendants, who stated him to be in imminent 
danger. " A membrane covering the Liver being enlarged." 
I shall be truly sorry should he not rally, and from what I 
heard I should much doubt it. . . . 

* Some years later Lord Rivers sold Stratfieldsaye to Government, by 
whom it was presented to the Duke of Wellington ; the Dorsetshire 
estates are still the property of the Pitt-Rivers family. 

* Lady Pitt. 3 Charles, Viscount Maynard, 1 751-1824. 

i8ii] FROM FAIR OAK i6l 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Fair Oak, i8ii. 

My Dearest Old Fellow, — ■! ought to have written to 
you before I left London, to tell you that after an anxious 
chase I came up with and boarded a vessel which upon 
survey appeared to me to answer the description you 
require. She is capable of accomplishing the purpose of 
draining a Pond if you choose to pump long enough at her, 
and this is contrived by a suction-hose at the lower part 
of the Engine, and by a leathern or Canvas one affixed to 
the Head of the Pipe 3'ou might convey water of course as 
far as you chose, or rather as far as you had Hose enough 
to apply. The damage of this Engine is twelve guineas, 
and as I had not your letter of the loth till to-day, I took 
upon myself in pursuance of the first authority to order 
the said vessel forthwith to be sent to you from the place 
I got it in Oxford St by Russell's Waggon, and I hope by 
having so far done I have not exceeded your wishes. 

I have not seen Sir Henry yet, but I shall ride up there 
to-day or tomorrow and shall have him to meet Paget next 

By the temper of People's minds about him, I see no 
prospect of his ever returning into the sphere of Life he 
had been accustomed to. I dined two or three times with 
the D. of Bedford and I was sorry to find him by no means 
cordial. He however told me that he did mean to come 
down, if he could before the Sheep-shearing. She told me 
that if they went to Uppark, that she was determined also 
to make a visit to Fair Oak. But when it comes to the 
point I think I shall declare off, for I have not means for 
receiving people after Uppark, tho' she herself would be 
as well satisfied with a Leg of Mutton here as the best 
Mogez * (I don't know how to spell his name) could produce. 

When I was in Town I sought an interview with Mr, 
Yorke. He as I expected would not admit that he had 
given me any just reason to expect what I fairly told him 
his former conversation with him had led me to expect 
about the Revenge. He was however very civil and very 
kind, and took pains to satisfy me that he was absolutely 
obliged to employ the Revenge as he had done, and that 

1 The chef at I'ppark. 

i62 SIR HARRY [ch. hi 

whenever I was ready to serve he would give me as good 
a Ship as he could do. I told him towards the winter 
(which I suppose will be towards the spring) I should be 
ready. In the mean time I have secured my first Lieutenant, 
my Boys and my band, all of which are removed from 
the Revenge. Mr. Davis is come on shore till I serve, and 
the others are on board the Royal George as my followers. 
Revenge goes to the Mediterranean. . . . Ever your devoted 


I saw Delme in London. He told me that he hoped 
Augusta had received and that she liked the Bantams he 
has sent to West Lodge. 

Sir Harry Fetherstone ^ 

Uppark, [? April] iSii. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . What a change of climate and 
consequently of pleasurable sensations since I last wrote ! 
Spitzbergen itself ! I have not heard of Charles's return 
yet. Old N.'s tokay sold at the rate of £84 per dozen and 
all the other wines etc. in proportion, bad as well as good. 
" La decadence d'un Empire est assuree, alors quand le luxe 
surpasse de certaines limites prescrites par les moyens." I 
am more accurate in this quotation than in referring you 
to " Felix " instead of " Beatus ille." I had confounded 
the " Felix ille ter et amplius " with the other. The fact 
is, " non sum qualis eram," yet always yours most sincerely, 

H. Fetherstone. 

Sir Harry Fetherstone 

Uppark, Monday [Apr. 18 11]. 

My Dear Arthur, — Yesterday I returned here after 
passing two very satisfactory days at Fair Oak with friends. 

1 Sir Harry Fetherstone, Bart., of Uppark, 1 754-1846, succeeded his 
father when still a minor, and on attaining his majority became one of 
the Prince of Wales's set at Newmarket and elsewhere. The famous 
Emma, Lady Hamilton, in her early days lived under his protection for 
a short time at Uppark. About the year 18 10 Sir Harry fell under a 
cloud and was thereafter cut by the Prince, in consequence of an incident 
which occurred at that time, but many of his old friends, including the 
Pagets, ralUed round and continued to visit him. Sir Harry collected 
magnificent china, furniture, etc., some of which remains at Uppark. 
He wound up his career by marrying, when over seventy, a daughter of 
one of his own gamekeepers, and dying at the age of ninety-one, bequeathed 
all his possessions to her. 


Paget in good force and spirits with his three daughters, 
whom I think perfection. They all took a dejeuner a four- 
chette at Uppark on Saturday. He goes to the Levee 
tomorrow, and as certainly will be received with marked 
attention by the Regent who, I am satisfied, is determined 
to bring him out again with eclat. We have now again 
something like spring, tho' rather too stormy. On the 
whole however a favorable season for the farming concern, 
which brings me to observe how happy I shall be if you 
can conclude the purchase in agitation. It is eligible in 
every respect and I can from my own head add all the 
arguments you omitted in favor of such a termination. 
Notwithstanding my own indolence (which is more or less 
owing to a sick and wounded mind) there is no pursuit 
affording more rational amusement or more solid advan- 
tages in country retirement than the management of a 
farm in which, I am sure, you will take both pains and 
pleasure and consequently derive profit, the result of both. 
Additional interest will accrue from its being your own 
possession, and surely when Lord Uxbridge has already 
volunteered an offer of West Lodge, there can be no offence 
even to your delicate sensibility on those points in accept- 
ing that aid, should the purchase be more than you have 
otherwise made your mind up to. It is neither prudent 
or agreeable to lay out money for other people where no 
return can be expected, especially on a precarious tenure, 
for, however honorably disposed Ld Rivers is, il est homme 
a fantaisie and certainly did, as I told you, talk of selling 
West Lodge not long since. Let me therefore urge you not 
to abandon your present views on light grounds and to 
discard all thoughts of the " learned languages," at best 
a flimsy acquirement and altogether unproductive of solid 
advantages, of which you possess your full share in a mind 
well furnished with that knowledge which is alone essential 
and useful as relating to our own times and contemporaries. 
The " bcatus ille " has lost none of its beauties in Pope's 
translation and I would not myself devote another hour 
to recover my classical erudition, such as it was, at the 
expence even of a tete a tete with Hogg ; certainly not of 
one with Mr. Cox, but I am aware that all his hints would 
be useless, unless I made up my mind to set to work with 
new tools, an arduous undertaking considering all the 
circumstances it would involve. I should readily step into 

i64 A GARDEN CHAIR [ch. hi 

my chaise for a much more agreeable purpose, did I not fancy 
that my sejour here just at present expedited the work 
now going on in earnest with something more of celerity 
and less of expence. Probably I am mistaken, but it is 
at least a flattering error and I therefore indulge it ; but 
I do assure you, I look forward to my visit with undiminished 
and sincere satisfaction. Charles and Mrs. Paget are to 
breakfast with me to-morrow ; they go to London on 
Wednesday to consult with the Pere ^ about the little girl. 
Thomas was coming here this week but must attend the 
levee and also says, he is not likely for some undefined 
time (the thing is in Chancery) to be the better either for 
the legacy or annuity. I am truly sorry for it, tho' I did 
not think him worthy of a dinner. Should Mr. Weaver 
still be with you, pray caution him to keep his wages to 
himself as so much exceeding those of my old servants. I 
find the jackets and aprons really cost me annually nearly 
or quite lo gs ; so I shall not be much the worse for Ld 
Rivers bidding. Many thanks for your kind arrangement 
and I have every expectation of it's turning out well. 
My kindest regards to Lady Augusta. I hope the little 
girl is quite well and her appetite restored by the cessation 
of pain from her gums. " Mathilde " is quite well, but I 
think it best to give her more time before she is rode. Paget 
quite approved of our treatment. Battine desires me to 
offer the best wishes of an old man. Yours ever, 

H. Fetherstone. 

Lord Paget 

25 Apr., 1811. 

My Dear Arthur, — I fancy that I want a sort of low, 
light, safe Garden Chair for Beau Desert, to get the Lame 
and the Lazy up and down the Hills. I think you hare 
one of that description which you wanted to dispose of, 
and if you are still in that mind, I will take it off your 

I believe I told you that I had had a long interview with 
the Prince some time ago. He was so gracious and so 
kind that I could no longer put off going to the Lev6e. 
To the Lev6e therefore I went last Tuesday in grand 

* The P^re Elis6e, a French quack doctor, who was much the fashion 

in London at this time, 


Costume and was most graciously received in every 

I was at Beau Desert for a few days at Easter with Lady 
Paget and Henry. Car, Jane and Georgy were during 
that time at Fair Oak Lodge, from whence I fetched them 
after staying two days. I think it a snug Place and as 
Charles appears to have every advantage of Cook and 
Pheasant without the trouble and expence of such appen- 
dages, I think he may fairly be said to be laying with his 
Anchor to Windward. . . . Ever affecy yours, 


Mr. Sheldon 

Queen Ann Street, tth May, 181 1. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — I thank you for both your kind and 
entertaining letters. On receipt of your first I went to 
Mr. Beauvais to speak about his putting part of your 
Claret into Pint-bottles, but it was already sent, conse- 
quently too late ; your Port will be bottled as you desire, 
and he will keep it in his cellar till he hears from your 
Excellency. Since my last I have found in a shop in 
Holbom a few more of those toys, and I think rather 
better, at least something larger, which I beg the Princess 
Leopoldina's acceptance of, and two boxes containing them 
will be sent by this day's coach to Blandford. By the 
same conveyance your Excellency will receive a bottle of 
Anisette d' Amsterdam from me, which I hope you will 
find good, and remember me and old Hardenberg in tasting 
it. It is not so good as that we got at Vienna at Count 
ShoUer's sale, because it is not so old, but Mr. Crawford 
of Rotterdam, who has tasted it, thinks it very good. 
Should your Excellency find it so, I have another bottle 
at your service, both of which I beg you to accept. I 
was not the person who sent the Caviar, nor did I know 
there was any to be got here now, but on enquiry about 
it at Uxbridge House, the Porter informed me that it was 
sent over by Morande for your Excellency by a Merchant 
in the City, and that Morande's name was on the card of 
direction. I shall also send your book by this day's coach, 
and liope it will get safe, and profiting of a frank from my 
brother I inclose Mr. Birchall's bill and receipt. I have 
been twice with Mr Conway without seeing him, but am 

i66 PAUL ESTERHAZY [ch. iii 

to see him on Wednesday, You shall be informed of what 
he says before I take any steps about the pictures. Poor 
Vienna, how changed it is by old Hardenberg's letter ! 
I am sorry for Gratz and sincerely wish your Excellency's 
efforts may be attended with success. You may be sure 
Hardenberg's name will not be mention'd by me. The 
story told in London of Lady Clanwilliam's death is, that 
she had lived for some time at Gratz in considerable intimacy 
with two Italian Abbes, in whose favour she had made her 
will, and that they then poison'd her to get her money. 
Probably there is no foundation for the story. Old Fife, 
the guardian of Ld Clanwilliam,^ who is now at Eton, 
lately set out for Vienna to make another effort at getting 
the two daughters over. I don't think he will meet with 
a very good reception. As to our friend Paul Esterhazy 
I am afraid he will have sometime to wait before he will 
get his wished for mission, and I perfectly agree with your 
Excellency that managing la petite Mere de sa Majeste la 
Reine de la Grande Bretagne will not avail him much. I 
don't think the King will feel much fiatter'd by his nephew, 
Paul Esterhazy. I am sorry the poor little Countess takes 
so much to heart the refusal of being presented at Court. 
In regard of getting a Letter to Vienna, we have sometimes 
occasions, of which we are only informed the day or day 
but one before. A few days ago a Person unknown to me 
called, and left his name, saying that if we had any letter 
for Vienna, and would let him have it the next day before 
three o'clock, he had an opportunity of sending it. We 
suppose him to be a friend of that Mr. Johnstone you have 
heard me speak of, who is now at Vienna, and also says 
in his letter, he has a friend here, who will occasionally 
be able to forward a letter to that place. But Mrs. Sheldon, 
who begs everything most kind to your Excellency, desires 
me to say, that if you wish to send a letter, and will send 
it to her, making it as small, and on as thin paper as you 
can, she will get it sent, and by the only sure way that 
she knows, as during the last fifteen months the only two 
letters she knows to have got to Vienna were by those 
means. It is thro' a foreign Minister here, who conveys 
it to another of the land of Denmark, to whom and whose 
politeness Mrs. Sheldon is indebted for being sometimes 
able to get a letter to Vienna. All my family join me in 

* The 3rd Earl, born 1795. 


kindest wishes to your Excellency. I beg my best respects' 
to Lady Augusta, and hope that the young Princess will 
graciously smile on her toys. Ever most truly yours, 

Ch. H. Sheldon. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Grosvenor Place, May 6th, [1811]. 

My Dearest Good Fellow, — My mysterious note of 
yesterday I had not time to explain before the Post went 
out, and now that I am about to do so I have to confine 
the communication within your breast. The fact then is 
that it is only four days ago that Lady Elizabeth, Elizabeth, 
and myself were made acquainted with the marriage of 
Kitty with Mr. Browne,^ and when I tell you that her 
situation (as it is termed) precluded the possibility of further 
concealment, you will see the necessity of keeping that part 
of the matter secret. It appears that in January last 
they were privately married in the House of Mr. Browne's 
sister (Mrs. Dillon), and why or wherefore they have chosen 
to adopt such a mode of proceeding, or why, after having 
adopted it, they have concealed it for nearly four Months 
remains for me to learn. No defence set up by either of 
the parties has in the slightest degree tended to remove 
from my mind the impression of their having acted with the 
most wanton folly and inexcusable duplicity. Cases there 
certainly have been, when art and stratagem were more or 
less justifiable, but this is one the attainment of which 
was to be secured with probably less difficulty than 99 out 
of 100 usually are, and instead therefore of having conducted 
themselves so as to have ensured the effect of their wishes 
upon the most advantageous and creditable grounds, they 
have chosen rather to act so as to forfeit the countenance 
and support of all their parents, the male branches of whom 
(if I know their characters correctly) will not be sorry of 
such an excuse to cancel all claims upon them in the way 
of marriage settlements, etc. Tho' we are satisfied of the 
private Marriage having taken place, it was judged ex- 
pedient that a Legal one should also take place, and accord- 
ingly for the satisfaction of Lady Elizabeth and all the 
parties, I witnessed the ceremony and gave her away at 

1 Dominick Browne, born 1787, afterwards ist Lord Oranmore, married 
Catherine Monck, sister of Mrs. Charles Paget. 

i68 A DOUCHE [CH. iii 

eight o'clock this morning in Marylebone Church. She will 
go down to Fair Oak on Tuesday with Elizabeth, and, for 
motives which Lady E. has, that even now their marriage 
should not be published till she hears from Mr. Monck, 
who is in Ireland, Kitty has not assumed her real name, 
and she and him have consented to remain separate till 
this letter from Mr. Monck arrives. But as I see no good 
end to be attained by this prohibition, I shall go and over- 
rule it, in that case she will still go down with Elizabeth 
as Mrs. Browne, and he will join her at Fair Oak after 
having been to look at a place he is about taking for a year 
near Fareham. Thus, my good fellow, you are in posses- 
sion of all this strange, unaccountable, inexplicable busi- 
ness, in which there has been on the part of Kitty more 
equivocation, delusion, and gross falsehood, and on his 
more want of good sense, and judgement, than ever came 
to the share of man and wife. 

... I am however all for your having a positive possession 
at least for the term of your own, Augusta's, and your 
Children's lives. The place I wish you had of your own is 
that of Sir Thomas Williams, near Barsledon, a delightful 
House, a delightful country, and the two hundred acres of 
land belonging to it would make the attention to farming 
a source of occupation to you, besides I should then be 
but 30 miles from you ; £12,000, I believe, is the purchase 
money, and sea bathing which you enjoy so much you would 
have under your windows. 

The result of the consultation upon our poor little girl, 
at which Sir Walter and the Pere were present, was favor- 
able. It is determined to go on with the Barrege waters, 
but by a different mode of application. The Douche is 
now recommended and by which, as I understand it, the 
said waters are to pass thro' a long tube, the aperture of 
which at the bottom is to be about the size of Half a crown 
in circumference, and it is desired that the fall of water 
from the lower extremity of the Tube should be fifteen 
feet before it reaches the poor child, on whose hip and ancle 
it is to be applied alternate mornings. All this will add 
to ruin me, as this process as well as the much encreased 
quantity of the Barrege Waters will necessarily be very 
expensive, but another difficulty in my mind arises, and 
that is how the devil in my low house can the thing be done 
without indeed I bore a hole thro' the ceiling of one of the 

i8ii] COVENT GARDEN 169 

lower rooms, and pour in the 200 Quarts of Hot water from 
the upper one, or even through that one from the Garretts. 
I send you a letter I have receiv'd from Farquhar since 
the consultation, and I suspect that his opinion would 
incline more to the probable benefit to be derived from 
sea air and tepid sea bathing than to any other remedy. 

The D. and Dss. of Argyll arrived yesterday evening, 
and a notification of the event arrived just as Elizabeth 
and myself were getting into Paget 's carriage with Car, 
Jane, Georgy, x\gnes, Henry, and our little fellow, for 
Covent Garden, whither we went to see " Timour the Tartar," 
having got the Prince's box for the purpose. This arrival 
puzzled us a little, but at the suggestion of Paget we called 
in Brook St., and they all went up to see their Mother for 
ten minutes, and we proceeded on to the Play, where Paget 
joined us with William, so that we had a pretty good Box 
full. " Timour " is quite a good thing for you to bring 
up Augusta to see, but her present situation puts it out 
of the question. It far exceeds anything I ever saw or 
could have imagined. " Blue Beard " is quite eclipsed, both 
in magnificence and by the surprizing feats of Equitation. 
The Play, the whole of which we saw, was not a bad one, 
being '' King John." 

This is blustering wet weather, my old Boy, but it is 
mild, and to me pleasant. But I see many a fellow on 
account of his well blacken'd boot or nicely pleated shirt 
etc. who would prefer a bright North-Easter with a hot sun. 

The Duke and Duchess of Bedford, as j^ou say, have had 
a tempestuous cruize to the Westward. They are now 
scudding it before it, and will be in Town early tomorrow. 

This lately married couple will stay about a week or 
ten days at most with me, by that time the Court-Martial 
upon which Edward is to sit will be over, and he and George 
Champagne have promised to come down to me together. 
How jolly if you could be with us. . . . 

C. P. 

Capt. Hon. C. Paget 

May, t8ii. 

... It seems to me that by this appointment they have 
misjudged the abilities of two men in an extraordinary 
degree, for I imagined that from Pellew's ' practical sea- 

* Admiral Pellew, afterwards ist Viscount Exmouth. 


manship and sound and undaunted mind, that he was the 
man of all others to command upon that difficult and 
anxious Station, and on the other hand Admiral Young i 
might very well have done in the Mediterranean, being 
certainly a clever fellow, and possessing what every chief 
in the Mediterranean command ought to possess, a local 
knowledge and an acquaintance with foreign languages, 
which my friend Pellew I apprehend is not a proficient in. 

My Garden-wall is at length nearly finished, so that my 
pigs, poultry etc. have ceased to have their accustomed 
range. Paget, tho' so great an enemy to Brick and mortar, 
urged me to complete the Garden by a wall along the Lower 
or last side of it. 

Your Dairy will answer capitally and I often thank you 
in my own mind for the suggestion. 

At last it is determined what course I shall pursue with 
regard to my land, it is settled that it shall be got into 
Grass as soon as the present state of the ground will permit, 
and that my farming shall be confined entirely to the produce 
of grass for my Horses and Cows, and Hay, buying every- 
thing else, as Graves first recommended, at the Market 
Price. Certainly this appears the most sensible and for 
a person in my situation the most prudent course to adopt, 
and I believe you are agreed in thinking so too. 

God bless you, my excellent fellow. I often think of 
you, more I believe than you imagine I do. Ever your 


Lord Paget 

Chelsea, May j(h, 1811. 

My Dear Arthur, — I think it must be the Donkey Cart 
that I meant as likely to suit Beau Desert. It is that 
machine painted green with broad wheels that you ran 
about with with one of the Children in it. The [illegible] 
however with the Ponies is tempting. I believe I had 
better put off ordering till you come to Beau Desert which 
I hope will be in the shooting Season, when you may talk 
to Holmes. 

' Admiral Sir William Young, 1751-1821. 


Some of my Horses are to be at Tattersal's on the 20th. 
It occurs to me that you cannot do better than send 
" Mathilde " to take her chance there. She is of an ailing sort. 
I have two superb Animals besides her, by the Wellesley 
Grey Arabian, and they are both unlucky. No sooner are 
they cured of one mishap, than some other misfortune 
befalls them. Your Mare's lameness was most decidedly 
humour. Mine also are full of them. I hear too that they 
are not popular. This is unlucky for a Sale, but I am 
determined to part with them. 

You ask me if the Prince gave me an opportunity of 
putting in a word for Fetherstone, The fact is that when I 
saw him privately, he began the moment I came into the 
Room and ne departa point, whilst I remained. He named 
him once, not unkindly, but not with any reference to his 
misfortunes. At the Levee it wd have been impossible 
had he been inclined. 

Shd he ever give me an opportunity of saying to him 
what you wish with respect to yourself, I will not lose it. 
I do not however think it likely that we shd meet. I 
never even see the Duke of Cumberland, altho' he threat- 
ened to be with me every day. For a short time he actually 
put his threat in execution but I have not set eyes on him 
for above a month. They say of him, that he is stirring 
Heaven and Earth to be appointed Inspector-General of 
Cavalry, and that he thinks I shall not like it. What 
nonsense ! Just as if I cd think that I had an exclusive 
right to the Situation ! In fact I shd most seriously 
object to it and cd not fill it. One thing is I believe certain. 
The 4 Regts of Hussars are to be assembled and he is to 
exercise them, and there is nothing that I shall enjoy so 
much as to see them together and not to have the trouble 
of working them. Every thing is going on most smoothly 
and happily with me. . . . 


General Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

From our Royal Hospital of Chelsea, 
This \oth day of May, 181 1. 

My Dear Arthur, — I ought sooner to have thanked 
you for your letter of the 6th but am so bother'd with this 
Court-Martial, which keeps me daily at Chelsea from ten 

172 THE DUCHESS [ch. hi 

to three o'clock, that I cannot do anything I like. As 
you do not give me encouragement, I have not made 
any new Attempt to see the General. If he had wish'd to 
grant me the Interview I requested he would have written 
to say so instead of contenting himself with leaving his 
Card. Your profane Tirade is exceedingly amusing and 
confirms me in the belief that the fat Old Lady is what 
Charles calls laying an Anchor to windward. Mr. Paget 
I have seen but once. He asked me to dinner, but I was 
engaged. Your honey and Marlborough water was sent 
two or three days ago in a box with other small things 
for you. I hope they are arriv'd. I thank you for your 
Inquiries touching Francesco. ^ He is in very great force. 
I am so hot, so frowzy, so bored, so stuff'd with Rappee 
and vinigtillo, that my Ideas are intirely conglomerated. 
So God bless you. Kind love to Augusta and believe me 
ever most affly yrs, 

E. P. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Fair Oak, 13 May, 181 1. 

... I have totally overlooked till this moment saying a 
word about their Graces of Argyll. I saw them both in 
Town, and the day I called it happened to be nearly four 
o'clock, and they literally were at Breakfast. The adjacent 
rooms each had different Trades People with their articles 
for inspection. Upholsterers, Linen Drapers, and artisans 
of divers callings were in waiting, I saw them afterwards 
at the Opera. She told me that anything that in the former 
part of her life she had thought happiness was not for a 
moment to be compared to the superlative degree of Bliss 
which she was now enjoying. She talked to me of Lome 
in absolute raptures, and in short she seems to possess every 
possible happiness for her. Car was with her at the Opera, 
but from my knowledge of her I should say she did not 
enjoy it, for instance no power could prevail upon her to 
sit with her Mother in Front, she insisted on sitting quite 
back, tho' as there was no other female but her Mother 
in the Box, her natural place would be in the occupation 
of the place opposite to where the Duchess sat. Elizabeth 
took Jane and Georgy the same night, and we took them all 

* The general's little boy. 


three home by a Junction which was formed towards the 
end of the Opera. 

I must say in justice to our old friend, old Car, that I 
found not the slightest degree of alteration in her conduct 
towards me, it was full as cordial and friendly as at any 
period I have known her. I should not say she was looking 
remarkably well, tho' certainly looking happy, which is the 
main spring to feeling so. . . . she told me they returned 
to Inverary in August. Their House has been newly and 
very comfortably furnish'd. I did not see anything very 
fine or expensive. He has made some good arrangements 
since I was last in it and, I imagine, till he has a large 
increase to his family this present house will do. 

Tomorrow I expect to hear from Paget about our going 
into Dorsetshire ; if receiving us for the two days which 
it is proposed to be with you was not of itself more than 
you will probably be able to do with convenience to yourself, 
I should suggest to you having over little Graves to meet 
Paget, who is so fond of him. . . . 

C. P. 

General Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

London, 13 May, 181 1. 

My Dearest Arthur, — . . . Ld Uxbridge, I hear, is 
next week to go into Dorsetshire accompanied by Paget, 
Charles, and an Admiral. Do you know anything of all 
this ? Our Court-Martial is adjourned to this day week 
to give the prisoner time to prepare his Defence. Baird 
is no Lawyer, but he is a very good fellow, which is a better 
thing. Amazing doings here. Ben and bold York etc. to 
dine here on Wednesday next. It seems to be a very 
general opinion that " He " Ms still " as mad as need be." 
It is a serious Subject to joke about, but Lady U. is much 
too good upon it to resist a little fun now and then. The 
fact I really believe to be that he is a victim to an ungovern- 
able Impatience to return to Power, and this seems to carry 
with it a necessary consequence most adverse to his wishes, 
for it is natural to suppose that the longer the return is 
delay 'd, the more ungovernable must become the Impatience. 
I should like to have your Sentiments to read some morning 
at Breakfast. I think Padre is decidedly benefited by the 

1 The King. 

174 WILL LORD UXBRIDGE GO ? [ch. ni 

late Steps which have been taken to alarm him. He has 
been more cordial than ever with the Instruments employ'd 
to effect it. Ever most affectionately yrs, 

E. P. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Fair Oak, [May] 1811. 

My Dearest Arthur, — Perhaps, my good fellow, this 
notification may be the first you will receive of the intention 
of my father and Paget and myself going into Dorsetshire. 
It seems that it is agreed that my father's and Paget's 
appearance there amongst his Tenants and so forth will be 
attended with a good effect, and on its being proposed to 
my father by Paget, the former readily acquiesed, but it 
was not till yesterday morning that anything decisive took 
place, and that was owing in some degree to my going to 
see my father before I left Town, and having sat some time 
on his bed (on which he was lying after his bath), he told 
me he wish'd of all things to go and pressed me to be of 
his party, to which I assented at once, as he seemed to set 
his heart upon it, from his room he deputed me to go to 
Paget to say that he should be ready to start the latter 
end of next week. Paget I found at Chelsea on my way 
here, and I learnt that he had previously fixed the 22d 
for his being at Shaftesbury or Stalbridge. So that, as I 
understand the matter, we shall leave London on the 21st, 
sleep probably that night at Salisbury, then go over for 
two days to wherever Paget and my father deem it desirable 
to appear (I suppose about Stalbridge etc.), and then accord- 
ing to Paget's plan to West Lodge for two days, and from 
thence back again to London. 

Tho' my father now certainly wishes to go, it is not 
improbable that he may be, when it comes to the point, 
irresolute, or perhaps prevailed upon not to go. In this 
case I have still promised Paget to accompany him, and 
accordingly I purpose going up in my buggy about Friday 
next to Town, the starting day, as it is at present fixed, 
being Monday, the 21st. Now in this arrangement I see 
but one objection, and that is lest our going down to you 
should clash with the period at which your anxious mind 
will be entirely employ'd in solicitude for poor Augusta. 

I think I have not told you that since the consultation 


took place between Sir Walter and the Pere, I consented to 
the entreaties of my mother, and Elizabeth, that Mr. 
Cheshire might also see her with Farquhar. The result 
of this has been that the Douche is to be exploded, and in 
lieu of it Tepid Sea Bathing during the Summer months 
with frequent friction. This treatment I am assured is 
to produce a cure. ... In the mean time I should tell you 
that my mother felt just as you did about the expences 
of the Pere's treatment of the little girl, and with her usual 
liberality of feeling ordered the Bill to be put to the current 
account of my father's, which has been very convenient 
to me. Now as I shall not be able to afford to go and live 
by the sea side this summer, I shall trust to Louisa's good 
nature in receiving little Caroline, and shall go over when 
she gets to Brighton now and then, to see how she goes 
on. So much for this poor little girl,^ of whom I would 
not bore you, if you had not repeatedly desired me to give 
you account. 

You have very just cause, my good fellow, to be dis- 
satisfied with these Fane People. Before the present instance 
to the contrary I imagined it to be inconsistent with the 
character of a gentleman, not at least to acknowledge such 
communications as have been made by Edward to General 

In your last letter you have named Ld Burghersh. I 
never have done so, because I did not wish to do so of a 
Brother, to whom I have understood Augusta to be so 
attached. But as you have given me the opening, I avail 
myself of the opportunity of asserting that his conduct 
has been both base and dishonourable to that poor amiable 
girl, who is herself so much superior in every point of view 
to that man, that as I said to Mrs. Pole, it would [be] the 
most fortunate day of Priscilla's - life, that day on which 
the connection with Ld B. was broken off, and so I decidedly 
think it will prove. 

We got down here about eight o'clock last evening, and 
found Mr. and Mrs. Browne waiting dinner for us. What 
wonderful people by the bye ; as we are to meet so soon I 

^ She grew up, and married in 1832 her cousin, Captain Hon. Algernon 
Henry Champagne Capel, R.N., by whom she had a large family. 

2 Miss Pole married Lord Burghersh this year. She was in the opinion 
of Lord Melbourne " a sensible clever woman, and had great influence 
over [her uncle] the Duke of Wellington." — Girlhood of Queen Victoria, 
ii- SIS- 


will defer till then saying anything more of this damned 

I am going to see Fetherstone. Poor fellow, I see no 
better hopes for him, and I cannot feel patience with the 
D. of Bedford for his cool and indifferent conduct. I saw 
him whilst in Town almost every day, and knowing as he 
did of my going down here, he never even mention d Fether- 
stone's name, much less desired me to deliver any kind 
message to him. But he is so silent and so shy, that perhaps 
he means well, but, again, your fellow that only means, 
and does not act, is a poor fellow. ... I fancy they mean 
in the course of the Summer to go to the I. of Wight, and 
I have partly promised, if they do, to go and see them. . . , 
God bless you, ever your devoted 

Charles Paget. 

Sir Harry Fetherstone 

Uppark, \_May'] 1811. 

My Dear Arthur, — In consequence of your deter- 
mination I shall send " Mathilde " off to-moiTOw and write 
Paget a line to desire that he will give directions about 
her to Tattersall. She is quite sound and her legs fine, 
but her old coat is not sufficiently off to show her exactly 
as I could have wished. You have certainly done right, 
for independent of other circumstances she is not in my 
opinion likely to be a pleasant one to ride. I did not 
however mean to pronounce it to you till the fact was more 
clearly ascertained ; something is to be ascribed to great 
awkwardness, but there is an inherent lack of good action. 
This accounts for my declining your kind offer. The two 
last days have been delicious ! Nothing but slush-pot with 
a vengeance till then for this last fortnight, tho', thanks 
to the chalky soil, my temporary bridge has not been carried 
away. Charles returned to Fair Oak on Friday, called 
here the next day, and I rode back with him, but the 
unexpected celebration of a honey-moon has deprived me 
of the pleasure of a more extended visit. He is off for 
London again next Friday for an object with which you 
are certainly made acquainted, and you will most probably 
have some communication with the party, should Lady 
Augusta's confinement not prevent it. This must be 
towards the time and I shall be most anxious to learn the 


event, whenever it shall have taken place, with all the 
favorable circumstances I so sincerely wish may attend it. 
I had fully determined to propose to Charles to take him 
down to West Lodge just now for a few days, had we ascer- 
tained it to be agreeable to you ; but the recollection of this 
circumstance, and now indeed his engagement, put an end 
to that plan. A line from old Thomas ^ this morning 
announces his intention of being here at dinner to-day ; 
this will be a very agreeable interi-uption to my solitude, for 
we can understand each other, which is every thing in society. 
I had also a long letter from Sefton this morning, making 
up in some measure for his long silence which he attributes 
to his un-remitted exertions in getting a bill through the 
House ; something probably to put £100,000 in his pocket. 
I would send the whole letter inclosed, but being more 
than one sheet it would be above postage. As I have 
nothing of my own which can interest ever so little, I give 
you the following extracts. " Lady Sefton has been 
extremely ill but is now recovered ; I was much alarmed 
about her for some days, as the attack was most violent ; 
we are going to Stoke to-morrow for a few days to complete 
her recovery. I am ruined at Brooks's, having lost £8000 
by the campaign. Their Graces of Argyll are come, she 
is in great beauty, and raves of her happiness and Scotland. 
The children are always with her, and Paget only goes to 
see them at hours that do not interfere with her. I am 
sorry to find there is a party against her. The Prince is 
going to have a grand Fete at Carlton House, I believe the 
5th of next month, all London to be there and to be dressed 
magnificently ; of course we shall not be of it. You may 
depend upon it the K — g will never appear again, he is 
very bad just now. Shelley has lost a great deal of money, 
and is disgusted with Newmarket. I think Lord Berkeley 
will lose his cause. The play at Wattier's is tremendous. 
Charles Manners has won £3000 or ;^40oo, which he was 
much in need of. There has been a grand commotion among 
the Cooks, the Prince having debauched 3 from their places, 
Lord Granville Leveson's, Lord Bathurst's and another ; 
mine was attempted but he resisted. Lord Yarmouth 
manages everything, and is collecting pictures for Carlton 
House. I hear the present Ministers are getting into great 
favor with him, tho' they complain of his seizing upon all 

1 Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt. 


the military things. I believe the war with Russia is 
certain to take place. Talleyrand is taken into favor 

... I am persuaded the fewer servants any one has the 
better he will be served ; so, if your subject be a good 
one, you will gain a point instead of losing one. How I 
wish there was any place in this neighbourhood (of course 
on the south of the hills) with 4 or 500 acres to tempt you ! 
I should be more upon the alert than the Fanes seem to 
be. Is there any chance of land round West Lodge ? A 
strong south wind is blowing up more rain. Charles tells 
me the Duchess of B. assured him they meant to be here 
in June and also again in October ; nous verrons ; the 
Seftons certainly will pay their annual visit in July and the 
Scarboroughs the beginning of that month ; afterwards I 
shall steer my course to West Lodge with your Excellency's 
permission. I wish there was any chance of the rendez-vous 
with Ld Rivers first here. . . . Why don't you always tell 
me how Leopoldina is ? I am not such an old savage as 
to be indifferent about her. Yours ever, 

H. F. 

Gen. Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

London, 17 May, 181 1. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I received your letter yesterday, 
but have not yet had a favorable opportunity of making 
use of it at the Breakfast Table. I find that Paget and 
Charles are certainly to be at Cash moor Inn on Tuesday 
morning at ten o'clock to meet all the Attornies of the 
County of Dorset. It is well for you that West Lodge 
was not made the place of Rendezvous for " them dam'd 
Hell-cats." Whether my father goes or not is yet not 
entirely decided inasmuch as this arrangement interferes 
with the Ancient Musick. I heartily wish I could be of 
the party, but my Court Martial effectually prevents me. 
I don't suppose they will be with you above two or three 
days. Ben was very great on Wednesday. He was much 
fatigued with the Business of the Morning, had emptied 
three Snuff Boxes that day, had had ten Boxes from the 
Treasury and other public Offices, had given upwards of 
Two Hundred Signatures. He told General Nugent (the 
Austrian) the other day, that the Emperor had strongly 


urged him to take the command of his advanced Guard in 
'93 and '94. Good ! He is to have a grand fete the 4th of 
June and is to Surprize the world with some new Dress — 
of which white Velvet and Gold are the principal Ingre- 
dients. I have not noticed applications that have been 
made to me for the vacant Place in your Household, for I 
have seen nobody till to-day whose History altogether 
pleased me. I have this morning seen a Man of the name 
of James Mitchell, who promises well. He lived between 
nine and ten years with Mr. Lock of Norbury in the double 
capacity of Valet and Butler, and since his Death has been 
living with his own friends. He may be between forty and 
fifty years of age, of respectable Appearance, humble 
manners, and rural Habits (as Sanderson would say) ; in 
other words he lived almost entirely in the Country with 
Mr. Lock, and professes a preference to a country life. He 
is too tall and big to ride post, and asks £50 per annum. . . . 
ever most affectionately yours, 

E. P. 

Lord Graves 

Bishop's Court, May 20th, 181 1. 

My Dear Arthur, — I only arrived here last evening from 
the North of Devon, and found your kind summons to 
West Lodge, which I should have had the greatest pleasure 
in obeying. But in consequence of the recent death of 
Admiral Graves, my Executor [sic], I have a great deal of 
business on my hands, and expect on Wednesday evening 
a Person, who is on his way to prove the Admiral's Will 
at Doctors' Commons, and whom it is absolutely necessary 
I should see, and settle with, before that takes place. 
Pray express my regrets to Lord Uxbridge and your 
Brothers at my not being able to meet them. I am glad 
you are at last about to take a Farm, as it is impossible in 
your situation to do without one. You must recollect 
however it requires great attention and constant residence 
on the spot to make it answer. If you purchase land, it 
should pay you four per cent, clear for your money at the 
high price land lets for at the present moment. I shall 
be at all times most happy to give you any assistance that 
my limited practise and observation may afford, and 
regret much it is now so wholly out of my power to do 



[CH. Ill 

what I wish. If you hire a Farm, I suppose you cannot 
do with less than 300 Acres, and it will naturally be (in 
your part of the county) a Sheep and Dairy Farm. I will 
suppose the land lets at 20/s an Acre. The Stock required 
and ist year's rent will cost you between £1500 and £1600. 
For example, suppose Labour, Manure etc. taken at Lady 
Day costs you ....... £300 


3 Cart Horses at £30 each 

230 South Down Ewes at 30/ each . 

230 South Down Wethers at 30/ each 

10 Cows at £15 each 




The Return the second year will be £ 

To 230 Wethers sold fat at £2.15/ each . . 402 

The Profit of the Dairy, 10 Cows at £13 each . 130 
The Wool of 460 old Sheep, 4 lbs of wool each, at 

2/ per lb ...... 92 

The Wool of 250 Lambs, 2 lb of Wool each at 2/ 25 
30 Acres of Corn at £10 per Acre one with the 

others ....... 300 



949 6 o 

Brought forward £1530, Capital employ 'd £ 

Interest on £1500 per ann . . • • 75 

Rates Taxes Labour etc. and Rent of second year 600 
Add for Waggons Ploughs etc. not included in 

1st year's account . . . . . 74 6 

749 6 

Therefore if we put the net profit of the second year at 

949 . 6 . 

and deduct Rent Interest etc. as above . . 749.6. 

There remains 

200 Profit 

The first and second years will be your worst years, 


after your second year there will be some Hay to sell, and 
added to the £200 you will have £74, which I have deducted 
for Waggons, so that you may count on ;^300 per annum, 
besides as your Ground gets in Heart it will require less 
dressing, and again at the end of 14 years your Farm should 
repay you the £1500 capital laid out, over and above the 
£300 per year profit. But it must be well manag'd with 
Plenty of Dressing and the ground kept exceedingly clean. 
It is not however possible for me to be accurate or possess 
much knowledge of the management of a Dorsetshire Farm. 
I calculate your 300 Acres to be able at 20/s per Acre (and 
of course more, if the Land be more valuable) to carry 10 
Cows on the whole Farm, and 2 Sheep and a Quarter per 
Acre. Total 690 Sheep, and besides to maintain your 
three Cart Horses, and produce 30 Acres of Artificial 
Winter Food, 30 Acres of Corn, and 30 Acres of Clover. I 
have put down your Profit, that I may not deceive you, 
particularly that on Corn. 

There is one thing that I recommend above all others, if 
you wish to gain any thing by Farming. Do not give 
way to the new Theories and Improvements. Adopt only 
those that have withstood the test of experience, and 
wash your hands of Spanish Sheep at enormous Prices. 
The whole Art consists in Dressing well, and allowing 
nothing to grow but what you put in the Land. With 
the Farm I have mention 'd, there is one comfort that you 
will have nothing to buy after the first year, except now 
and then a Cow, to replace those you feed off. I have 
said nothing of Pigs and Poultry, as I fancy not much 
else is to be gain'd by them but the Comfort and Luxury 
of them at the table. However whenever Cows are kept, 
so must Pigs, or the Profit of Butter-Milk and Whey will 
be lost. . . . Believe me yours most affectly. 


. . . Partridges promise to be plenty here. I trust in 
September you and Charles will employ a week in killing 
them, the Shooting is realy very fair for that short period. 
" Mathilde " I hope is quite right. I have a Horse which I 
think would quite suit you. 

P.S. Mary is just return'd from Exeter, whence she has 
consigned to the Mail Coach for you 2 Salmon Peel, i pair 
of Soles, and a Lobster, and has sent also from Bishops 

i82 THE KING NOT SO WELL [ch.iii 

Court a Lot of Asparagus and Cucumbers. You had better 
send for the Fish immediately, it is perfectly fresh. 

Earl of Galloway 

May -zph, 1811. 

My Dear Arthur, — I sounded the Chancellor as you 
desired, but he said he would never part with Encombe, 
tho' a little inconvenient from the distance, and invited 
me to visit him there, where he is going soon — therefore that 
Idea must rest. 

I hope everything has passed to your wishes with Lord 
Ux. and Paget. I should be glad to hear of the contiguous 
property being destined for you, but I fear the effects of 
the immense debt, and Paget's double family : he has 8 
Children, I think, and is very likely to have 8 more. How- 
ever I trust you will settle something permanently bene- 
ficial to you and yours. 

The King is not so well again, ^ and I believe all the riding 
is only because he cannot walk, his legs having swelled 
much lately. His only Chance I conceive of another 
recovery would be thro' a system of restraint that he will 
not of course willingly submit to, and to effect which there 
is no man (now Pitt is dead) willing, firm, and disposed 
enough to execute. He destroys his own Cure by inter- 
ference, consequent Irritations etc., provided even another 
Cure is practicable. Yours, 


They say he is displeased with the Prince's fete of 
June 5th, and should this make him worse, there may be 
no fete at all. The Prince hesitated from the first, but 
yielded to the Popular wish, which he evidently studies. 

Sir Harry Fetherstone 

Uppark, [June] 181 1. 

My Dear Arthur, — After three or four days of summer 
heat (delightful !) there is now blowing one of those agreeable 
south-west winds with occasional and heavy storms. No- 
thing of this sort used to discompose me ; but I am now a 

^ The poor old King " rode out on his favourite horse ' Adonis,' " accom- 
panied by his daughters Augusta and Sophia, amid the ringing of bells 
and other marks of public joy, but it was his last appearance in public. — 
Ann, Reg., May 21st, 1811. 

i8ii] ON FAVOURITES 183 

poor creature, agitated and acted upon by these extraneous 
changes in a most wonderful degree, of which you will 
have a severe example in this letter, yet I cannot resist the 
pleasure of writing and acknowledging your last without 
feeling ungrateful for the satisfaction it afforded me. Sack- 
ville ^ has been passing some days here ; he is a pleasant 
little fellow when disposed so to be, and the object of his 
visit would naturally make him so. He was also one of 
the Prince's grand favourites, but has hardly been spoken 
to for the last two years, however he is to make his bow 
at the levee to-day and will certainly be invited to the fete, 
tho' he says not. As for Thomas," he has been so engaged 
in sending out the royal commands, I have not had a line 
from him, nor do I expect one, any more than some small 
clothes from my Tailor, till after the 5th. You will learn 
from better authority than mine how all London, i.e. the 
grander part of it, is on the tip-toe of expectation. Sheridan 
was against the fete, for all can not be included, and some 
of course will be offended. Old Towser, as you call him, 
would like to be asked, however he may appear to ride 
home upon his personal animosity vis a vis the Prince. 
In short I never yet saw any body who was proof against 
the allurements of royalty, or who did not regret the loss 
of its smiles on certain occasions. The entertainment will 
be everything which good taste and magnificence can make 
it, tho' our climate is ill suited to exterior decorations, and 
Knightsbridge supper rooms. / am fain to confess, I 
should much like to be at it, " sed levins fit etc." Nothing 
you report of the P. can surprise me, who have been admitted 
behind the curtain. The Evil is never a dormant affection 
and will out in some way or other ; in the male branch at 
least it seems to have flown to the head, has it not also 
corrupted the heart ? The true reason why he likes the 
society of Congreves, Turners, and Bloomfield etc. is that 
he may have his full swing before an admiring audience, 
tho' now indeed he might find that among the higher orders. 
How will the D. of Y.' go down with the Country ? not that 
it signifies one brass farthing while the army approves. 
The best moment perhaps has been chosen ; our victories 

1 Viscount Sackville, afterwards Duke of Dorset. 

2 Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt. 

3 The Duke of York, whom the scandals of 1809 had forced to resign 
the command of the Army, was now reinstated. 

i84 ENCOMBE [ch. hi 

will so pall upon the appetite that hereafter the same 
enthusiasm may not prevail with regard to the maker of 
all these generals and invincible troops. Massena seems 
to have given them a good brush, and to suppose that Na- 
poleon wiU be driven out of the Peninsula requires something 
more forcible than the assurances of the "Courier" and 
"Morning Post." I entirely agree in all you say on the 
subject. Mrs Paget is gone to Town to-day with all the 
children to meet Charles ; this looks as if they meant 
to make some stay. They neither of them in my opinion 
dislike this sort of fillip, for all the fair oak. With all my 
heart I wish you may succeed about Encombe ^ ; I have 
heard so much of its beauties and advantages so often from 
that long-sided parson you met here, who married Mrs M. 
Pitt's sister, that I have no doubt it would unite all you 
want and wish for in a superior degree. The great point 
will be to bring the C — r to decide before we are all " Numa 
quo devenit et Ancus." I feel quite anxious you should 
have land of your own to occupy and interest you both 
usefully and pleasantly ; practical knowledge is everything, 
books only tend to mislead, and if one was to pin one's 
faith upon all the infallible treatises on agriculture, it 
would end in not knowing " a sheep's head from a carrot," 
or having a guinea. Upwood by your description seems 
eligible ; but, as far as that goes, I certainly lean to Encombe, 
of which I have heard more. Nothing will give me more 
sincere satisfaction than that you should succeed in the 
purchase of one of them, except I could set you down in 
this neighbourhood. Weaver came last Wednesday and 
I am much prepossessed in his favor by his manner, and 
particularly by the grateful way in which he speaks of 
yourself. I augur well from this beginning and have no 
doubt of his making me a valuable servant. Would to 
God I had not so wofully experienced the per contra ! . . . 
I find the Earl of Jersey and all that school lost their money 
most copiously in the last meeting. Battine has got the 
nettle rash, as tho' he was only five and twenty. . . . Not- 
withstanding the day, I must take a little air and exercise 
before dinner, both of which you will want before yours 
after the bore of this very dull letter. Yours ever, 

H. Fetherstone. 

» Encombe, a place in Dorsetshire belonging to Lord Chancellor 


Countess of Galloway 

[June] 181 1, 

My Dearest Arthur, — I wish you Joy with all my heart 
that all is happily over. I thank you kindly for that part 
of the Information which is certainly of most consequence, 
but I must scold you for not mentioning whether I am to 
add the little Stranger to my list of Nephews or Nieces. 
However I dare say I shall pick up the information at 
Ux. House. Do, my dear Fellow, give me another Line 
to say how Ly Augusta goes on and the Baby — what does 
Oubli say to it ? I congratulate Ly A. on Ld B.'s ' intended 
marriage, and I believe him to be a very fortunate man. 
If I had an unmarried Brother, who wanted a Wife, I 
should pitch upon her before all and everything I see in 
that way — and yet for all that she, that is her Face, is 
not handsome, but when you know her, you will not wish 
her otherwise than as she is. 

The Fete at Carlton House is all that can be heard of 
now, and the important Topic of Dress is more thought 
of than the news which we are hourly expecting of more 
Battles and horrible Bloodshed ! The Regent specifies 
on the Card of Invitation that Dress is to be confined to 
the Manufactures of the United Kingdoms, but he has 
made several presents oi foreign articles with the injunction 
that they are to be made for the fete in question, which is 
tant soit pen inconsistant. 

I expect Mary in Town today, we have put up a Bed 
for her here. 

I believe Garlies is in correspondence with you, so I will 
not detain you any longer. The House of Lords met this 
morning at 10 o'clock on the Berkeley Peerage, and will 
be at it all Day. He has attended it from the commence- 
ment. Goodbye, dearest Arthur, ever yr very affectionate 


It is said the King is dropsical. His flow of spirits has 
sadly increased ever since the appointment of the D. of 

If you want a God-Mother I am at yr service, but if you 
are already provided keep me for another time. 

_ 1 Lord Burghersh. 

i86 MRS. BERKELEY [ck. m 

Hon. Mrs. Berkeley Paget 

Saturday, {June, 1811]. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I cannot resist writing you a 
few words to congratulate you on the safety of Lady 
Augusta, and the Birth of your Son and Heir, pray give 
the former my love, and tell her how truly happy I am the 
event is well over. I wonder how Oubly will approve of a 
division in the attention that has hitherto been aU her own. 

Mary came yesterday to London, to Lord Galloway's, 
for the express purpose of being present at the Regent's 
Fete, which it is reported will be put off on account of the 
King's being worse both in health and intellect ; his ever 
being well seems almost hopeless, and Charles and Berkeley 
of course make themselves agreeable to Lady Uxhridge by 
advising her to put by her fine dress for the Fete against 
the Coronation ! This wit of theirs has all the effect they 
intend upon her. I should like much to see you, my dear 
Arthur, but cannot be so cruel as to wish you were in this 
hot odious Town, for one may nearly as well be upon a 
Gridiron, however it does not deter the people from spending 
the Nights in Waltzing and dancing Quadrilles, as to Lady 
Jersey and Lady Westmorland they are perfectly absorbed 
by them, and can hardly speak on any other subject. Ld 
Burghersh's Marriage with Priscilla Pole has, I imagine, 
been duly announced to you ; she is a very sensible amiable 
Girl and I am convinced will make him an excellent Wife. 
Most affecy yours, Sophia Paget. 

I have this instant heard of the death of Lord Melville, 
he was found in his bed dead. 

The Fete is put off till the 12th and probably will not 
take place at all. 

Hon. Mrs. Wellesley Pole ' 

Savile Row, June ist, 181 1. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — Lord Burghersh has apprised you, 
he says, of his intended marriage with Priscilla. But after 

1 Mrs. Wellesley Pole, eldest daughter of Adiniral Hon. John Forbes, 
married Hon. W. Wellesley, brother of the Marquis Wellesley and of the 
Duke of Wellington. Her husband assumed the additional name of Pole 
on succeeding to some property, was created Lord Maryborough in 182 1, 
and inherited the earldom of Mornington on the death of the Marquis 
Wellesley. Mrs. Wellesley Pole was a second cousin of Lady Uxbridge. 


our many years' friendship I cannot help troubling you 
with a line upon the subject, particularly as I wish to 
bespeak thro' you Lady Augusta's kindness and friendship 
for Priscilla, who, I assure her, she will find very deserving 
of it. I am glad to take this opportunity of wishing you 
and Lady Augusta joy of your new Child. 

Lord Westmorland has been very flattering upon this 
business, and we have received visits from Lady Westmor- 
land and Lady Jersey. I think Lady Duncannon quite 
delightful, perhaps this marriage may set all the broils to 
right. I am sure, if it depends upon Priscilla, it will. Yr 

C. W. Pole. 

Sir Harry Fethcrstone 

Uppark, 2 June, 181 1, 

My Dear Arthur, — Without ^^•aiting for a longer letter 
I must express the sincere satisfaction your few lines have 
afforded me this morning. Je vous felicife de tout mon 
cosur on the favourable result of what I can feel, under 
all the circumstances of it, to be so anxious a moment ; 
may all continue to go on prosperously ! We have nothing 
but rain, which is now injurious to every thing, and utterly 
destructive of the young pheasants as well as eggs, for 
there can not be a nest below the hills not filled with water. 

The dissolution of the K is more probable than that the 

fete will take place even on the 12th, or the review when 
intended. I augur that Paget's services will soon be called 
for in a manner not to be declined, Shelley's elevation 
was what you may suppose it to be, knowing him ; he 
won £7000, the Earl of Jersey £3000. Thomas was glad 
to make his escape from London and his ofiicial task ; he 
says, " the mistakes and blunders on the occasion of this 
fete are as incalculable as the number of people who will 
be there, if it takes place, but which I trust it will not, and 
which will in many respects answer better than if it did, 
and the furniture safe and the house not down. I declare 
I think the whole Town is gone mad, and I hope to see 
little more of it. How happy I felt to eat my morsel 
yesterday here by daylight and an appetite not gone by, 
and to take a walk in the garden afterwards and stay out 
till ten o'clock." From Sefton I expect to hear no more, 


unless Charles' good nature again prompts him to take 
up his pen, for it was owing to that he wrote when he did. 
The D. of Bedford kept up the dance at his Duchess's ball 
till 7 o'clock yesterday morning. His sheep-shearing com- 
mences the 17th, then Holkham ; so the long meditated 
visit here may still be put off sine die. Whitbread and 
Burdett were muzzled before the D. of Y 's appoint- 
ment ; but you see Milton has taken it up and there must 
be a discussion. If I was a Prince without any feeling for 
my subjects, this is precisely the moment I should chuse 
to come into power for the wwbounded exercise of my own 

I expect Leigh to-day, when I shall have all the turf- 
budget at least. It is quite winter, and I am writing by a 
good fire. I shall see the Old Justice perhaps before dinner, 
should the rain cease, because it will give him pleasure to 
have the bulletin from W. Lodge. Yours ever most truly, 

H. Fetherstone. 

Gen. Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

London, 4 June, 181 1. 

My Dearest Arthur, — Imprimis let me make atonement 
for so long delaying the offer of my congratulations on 
the Birth of an Heir Male. . . . And now let me acknowledge 
the receipt of your letter of the 2d, which came to me 
yesterday. A variety of Causes prevented my communicat- 
ing to Ly U. yesterday its contents. This morning I pro- 
posed to read it to her, but she was in such a state of 
Agitation and worry — agitation on account of the sudden 
death of her neighbour, the Countess de Bruhl, who dined 
here yesterday, and went to bed in perfect health, and 
immediately died, and worry on account of my father's 
having called upon her at half an hour's Notice to go with 
him to Windsor, that she beg'd me to defer it till they 
return, which they will do to dinner. , . . 

I went yesterday with Paget to the Duke of York's Levee. 
I strongly suspect that the Regent has set his Heart upon 
sending him to command our Cavalry in the Peninsula. 
The Obstacles seem to be insurmountable, but still there are 
means of laying an Anchor to windward of P., which you 
know as well as myself, and which I shall by no means be 
surprised to find effectually employ 'd. " He is a most 


impracticable fellow, but I know how to manage him, Goddam 
me." This has been a most furious conflict with the 
Cursed Soult.^ . . . most affectionately yours, 

E. P. 

Colonel Addenbrooke 

35, L. Grosvenor St., June ^th, 1811. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — . . . I was yesterday at the Duke of 
York's Levee, and, if one is to judge by the number of 
Officers present, no man can be more popular than the 
Duke is with the Military parts of the community. I am 
sorry to find that in the city the reverse is the case, and to 
an extent I could not have believed, had I [not] been 
present at conversations coming from persons, whose 
authority cannot be questioned. Meetings are to take 
place, and addresses, Remonstrances etc. presented. Lord 
Milton's motion to know who had advised the Regent to 
the Measure will be answered by the Prince stating it to 
be an act of his own, and advised by no one. There may 
be some troublesome folks, and unpleasant events take 
place, but the measure must be carried thro' now. 

The Reports of the King's health are variously related 
according to Party influence, but I heard from a man from 
thence likely to be informed, that the extraordinary swellings 
said to have taken place is not true, nor has Dr. Ainslie, 
or Simmons, left Town to attend the King. H.M.'s head 
is worse, much more so than it has hitherto been, but his 
life does not appear to be in immediate danger ; aU his 
equerries, pages etc. are forbidden the Presence, and, as I 
understand, much dissension exists amongst the Physicians. 
Baillie and Halford are together ; 'tis a melancholy case, 
and certainly out of all prospect of recovery. 

The Prince's Party is put off to the 12th, but I am told 
that it will not take place at all, he is certainly in sad scrapes 
about Invitation, some having got Cards who should not 
be there, and others left out who had a right to be distin- 
guished. My plan was the best, to invite all who had been 
presented to the Queen, borrow Marlboro' Gardens, add 
temporary bridges to communicate with St. James' Garden, 
Tents, Booths, and by that means you would gratify the 
curiosity, if not the appetite of all. 

1 The battle of Albuera was fought May i6th, i8ii. 

igo CAPEL'S COAT [CH. in 

The Review put off till the loth. Ever, dr Sir Arthur, 
your truly faithful Servant, 

J. P. Adden. 

Lady Caroline Capel 

[June], 1811. 

My Dear Arthur, — I have had some difficulty in this 
tumultuous place in discovering a proper moment to find 
out what you wished. Very little passed between Mama and 
I, but I instantly saw that it would be more than she could 
bear to hear a name,^ once so dear to her, constantly used ; 
at the same time she begged I would say how thoroughly 
she appreciates the kindness of your motive. 

If you are not provided with a God-Mother, pray let me 
offer my services ; if you are, I shall hold myself in readi- 
ness for the next opportunity. I am happy to hear Ly 
Augusta is so well, pray give my best regards to her. 

The Fete is really to take place, but Mary declares she 
won't stay unless Graves comes up, I have not much faith 
however in this declaration, the Dress being ready, and the 
great day so near as Wednesday. Capel is in a great fever 
about his attire, he is determined not to buy a coat, and 
he flatters himself he can get on one of yours, which I am 
afraid he will find a vain hope. The next resource will 
be one of my Father's. He did go in one of his to the 
Prince's Levee and He found it out directly and shook His 
fat sides with laughing. 

God bless you, my dear fellow, I am writing in the greatest 
hurry, and with such a row in the Room I hardly know 
what I have said. Harriet begs her kind love to you and 
Edward desires me to say he feels himself deeply in your 
debt. His time is quite taken up with odious Court Martials 
and fusty Boards. Believe me, my dear Arthur, yours most 

Car Capel. 

Capel ^ begs to be kindly remembered. 

1 Probably that of William, Lady Uxbridge's second son, who had 
died in 1794. 

* He also wrote to say : "I want to make myself very fine for this 
Carlton House fete and 1 understand you have a very magnificent ward- 
robe here, if you would therefore allow me to appear in one of your suits, 
I shall take great care of it and I dare say attract the attention of the 
whole company." 


Col. Addenbrooke 

35, Lr. Grosvr. St., June 10th, 181 1. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — . . . The Berkeley ^ cause is truly 
a bad one, lost to the eldest son to a moral certainty. West 
has been examined, and has hauled my name in, by which 
accident Lord Walpole told me yesterday that I should 
be handed up before the Peers, I hope not, if I am, by the 
Account I received from Ld W., I'll prove W. guilty 
of perjury, and have him sent to keep company in Newgate 
with two of Ly B.'s props, who were sent there a few days 
back. She is obstinate, has perjured herself, and so has 
her Brother to an extent that should induce him to quit 
the country for Life ; as to Her Ladyship, the question is, 
" can a Countess be Pilloried ? " If she can, then is she 
at hand in Spring Garden, no doubt but an ordinary person 
would be thus placed, who had gone as far as she has done 
to support her rotten fabrick. 

Ld Rivers left Town this day with the determination of 
absenting himself from the Review and the Fete, but really 
under all circumstances his presence at the latter was an 
indispensable duty, he fought hard against this opinion, 
but we carried our point, and he has promised to return 
for it, tho' I do not think he need trouble himself, for I 
am decidedly of opinion that nothing of the sort will take 
place during the present Season. 

Reports send Lord Paget to command the Cavalry in 
Portugal. I cannot but doubt it, tho' nobody in the King's 
Service is so equal to the task. My doubt arises from the 
Sacrifice he must make by serving under a junior officer, 
who must of course have additional Rank and a special 
commission. You know more of this matter. 

My hands are now full — tho' disputes amongst my 
Volunteers for Rank — being to the Right, or left of my 
division, work me to an oil — as long as any of me is left 
I am ever. Dear Sir Arthur, 3'our truly faithful 

J. P. Adden. 

1 The case turned on the question whether or no a marriage between 
the late Earl of Berkeley and Elizabeth Cole had taken place in 1785 
previous to their public marriage in 1796. The House of Lords decided 
against the claimant, and held that the children born before 1796 were 



Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

i8 June, 1811. 

My Dearest Old Boy, — Both Paget and yourself have 
anticipated each other, for the very day I received your 
Letter proposing to stand for his Child he enquired of me 
after Augusta, and asked whether his offer in the same 
way would be acceptable, and accordingly, my excellent 
fellow, it now stands arranged that you should each stand 
for the other's young one, and I therefore will avail myself 
of your kind consideration, and hold myself in readiness 
to be called upon on any future occasion. Ly P. was 
brought to bed yesterday morning of a son ^ — all well. 

The Review of the Hussar brigade yesterday on Hounslow 
Heath called forth the admiration of an immense concourse 
of spectators. It was truly fine and Paget was quite in his 
element after it. The Prince and all the Brothers, with 
all the Staff and Officers of the Brigade, repair 'd to the 
Castle at Richmond, where a most sumptuous dejeuner, 
or rather a d — d good dinner, was prepared by Paget's 
order. It was of the most luxurious style, I suppose about 
200 sat down to it, and as Turtle, Fish, Venison of the best 
quality and quantity was provided ; as Champagne, Hock, 
Burgundy, and Claret, Vin de France and Hermitage was 
drunk in copious libations ; as Peaches, Nectarines, Grapes, 
Pines, Melons and everything most rare in the dessert way 
v/as provided in abundance, it was a feast worthy of the 
magnificent piece of Plate, which had been (unknown till 
the moment) in readiness to present to Paget by the Prince, 
the Dukes, and the Officers of the Hussar Brigade. 

Nothing could surpass the effect of the whole day. The 
Prince exceeded himself in his praises of Paget, and all 
seemed to unite in the expediency of getting him to serve. 
In short it was a most flattering day for him, and truly 
gratifying to me to witness it all. 

My father stood it famously, and this morning sent 
Sanderson to Paget, to desire he might have the Bill to pay. 

This is all well. I shall not fail when I get down to 
Fair Oak to sit down quietly and give you a Main-Top 
Bowline Letter. This will be sufficient to have made me 
perform my promise. 

C. P. 

^ Lord Clarence Paget, 181 1-1895. 

i8ii] JOHN VILLIERS 193 

Earl of Galloway 

June i8th, 181 1. 

My Dear Arthur, — Seeing John Villiers in the House 
of Lords yesterday, I took the opportunity to speak to 
him upon your concerns, and to ask him if he had com- 
municated with Lord Ux., as well as to add that I thought 
delay was dangerous. He said that there was no getting 
an opportunity with Lord Ux., or the means of settling 
his mind to any business, and from his words and Manner 
I should conceive nothing was going on. I said I thought 
he should endeavour to get something settled before the 
Family left Town, It remains with you therefore to urge 
him thereon. I am fearful that increased family pecuniary 
difficulties, added to increased family quarrels, may render 
future settlements more precarious, and according to your 
reference I was informed by Charles of what passed at 
West Lodge, and that all finished to your satisfaction at 
the close, therefore I enquired no further. 

Paget's review went off famously yesterday, and his 
Dinner etc. He received his magnificent Piece of Plate, 
and unbounded compliments from the Duke of Clarence 
in the name of the Regent, and from the Hussar Brigade 
unanimously, all of which are his real due. 

. . . News we have none. Everybody preparing for the 
Regent's Fete tomorrow, and nobody knowing whether 
they will find room to stand, or the Reverse. 

You may conceive the Berkeley case as decided, and all 
the family witnesses, excepting the unfortunate claimant 
himself, perjured. What will be done with my Lady I 
cannot say. 

Graves arrived this morning per Mail. Lord Melville 
cannot keep order in Scotland like the Father, and I cannot 
figure to myself any adequate leader on the Government 
side. Many will propose themselves and try for the lead, 
Montrose among them, but every body now is inferior upon 
our side. 

I have no idea of the King's Recovery. I saw a letter 
from Gregory, our great Edinburgh man, and the first in 
Britain acknowledged, to Sir Walter Farquhar, representing 
the anatomy of Lord Melville, and he laughed at the idea 
of the King's Recovery ; but he said, if at Windsor, he should 
probably think otherwise. 

194 RAGE FOR DIAMONDS [ch. in 

I go to Coolhurst next week, and to Scotland the week 
after. I should otherwise willingly plan a visit to Dorset- 
shire. I am sorry you think of leaving West Lodge. I 
think moving more expensive than even necessary repairs. 
Having lately furnish'd, you should stay a little longer. 
Believe me yours sincerely, 


Lady Caroline Capel 

[June], 1811. 

My Dear Arthur, — I write in great haste to announce 
the arrival of the Diamond Necklace, and to thank you 
and Lady Augusta for your kind attention ; Harriet desires 
me to say a great deal from her on this occasion. It shall 
be returned by Mr. Sanderson, and I assure you the acquisi- 
tion of a Diamond Necklace for this night is an Event of 
the greatest moment, seeing that all the Diamonds of all 
the Family are put in requisition, and all Rundle and Bridge's 
Shop completely emptied by the Rage for hiring Diamonds 
which has seized every body. Even Lady Hertford has 
condescended to pay from 30 to 100 Guineas for the Loan 
of some for this night. Wonderful ! The old Lady is 
arrived in perfect safety, and full of your goodness to her. 
Capel has found a coat that will go on him, and I shall 
preside at the restoration of everything in its proper place 
and due order, after the fatigues of this night are over. 
Believe me, my dear Arthur, yours most affly, 

Car Capel. 

Graves is arrived, and going in the uniform of the 90th, 
I believe, or something. I wish [you] were too. Poor dear 
Mama is horrified at the thoughts of it all, and has more 
than half a mind not to go. 

Duke of Argyll 

Jtme 22d, 1811. 

My Dear Arthur,— My Wife and I have intended to 
write to you for these last three months, or rather we 
meant to have been at this moment at yr House, but events 
have altered all our plans. We had designed to add a 
Trio to yr establishment, but alas ! if we come now, it 
must be as a Duo. . . . The Fete was magnificent. I suppose 
you had a Card ? ? ? Brummell had ? ? No — he was at 


the Levee tho' — not that he was spoke to — for he is a very 
gentlemanly man. The first man I saw in the Regent's 
Hall was Paget, and we shook hands. We (I don't mean 
Paget and I) mean to go out of Town to the Sea in ten days, 
and live in hopes of seeing you before we go to Scotland. 
Graves was at the Fete dancing, and fatter than ever. 

Ever affly yrs, 


Sir Harry Fetherstone 

Uppark, Sunday, 2sd June, iSii. 

My Dear Arthur, — It will be said that the weather con- 
tinued favorable only for the completion of the fete ; in 
truth ever since it has been most winter-like, and has 
unhinged me as usual. On a due examination of myself, 
which it is sometimes not amiss to institute, I discovered 
my predilection for the fete {qua fete) not to be more violent 
than your own ; but the cause of my exclusion from it was 
the sore point. On this hinged my regret, and no wonder ! 
When I contemplate my own situation, I am more surprised 
at being able to bear it as I do ; for all the finest aphorisms 
in the world afford but slender comfort under a malheur 
sans remede. A propos of this wonderful fete, you will 
have read in the papers, and heard from others all about 
it. I have seen Charles, who is in raptures, and in my 
opinion would willingly have prolonged his stay in Town 
for some minor ones, had not Mrs. Paget been obliged to 
return a week before him to Fair Oak, of which I never 
knew a word. In a letter I had from the Duke of Bedford 
(the occasion of which I will not now bore you with) he 
observes " the fete was very magnificent, very hot and 
very disagreeable." Most people would probably think it 
all charming. Thomas ^ says he never stirred from the 
outer hall (his station), and when supper was announced, 
went home to bed, that the whole was splendid beyond 
conception, and the Regent's new Field Marshal's uniform 
wonderful ! He also says " my friend Cholmondeley '^ must 
have been much disappointed, as it seems there was no 
room at the Prince's table lower than a Marquis, and he is 

1 Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt, many years a favourite courtier at Carlton 
House and afterwards Black Rod, died unmarried, 1834. 

2 George, 4tli Earl, afterwards ist Marquis of Cholmondeley, Lord 

196 MRS. FITZHERBERT [ch. hi 

comparatively a young Earl, so he will be more displeased 
than ever at Addington's not having made him a Marquis ; 
his two particular friends and frequenters of his house, 
Keppel and Hammond, are laughing at him to everyone, for 
it seems he was much vexed at not having had the manage- 
ment of this fete, and as it proves, it could not have suc- 
ceeded better." Mrs. Fitzherbert ^ was not present. It 
was signified to her that her rank would not admit of her 
being at the Regent's table, and she took her line accordingly. 
He seems to have designed a marked hint to poor Napoleon 
of his intention again to place a Bourbon on the throne 
of France by so distinguished and public a reception of 
the family. He may in my opinion just now do anything 
but that, for his god-like virtues are in every one's mouth, 
and breathe a proud defiance to all who are not disposed to 
join in such senseless adulation. I always felt sure it would 
be so, even when he has been whining to us about his un- 
merited want of popularity. Nothing can have exceeded 
the eclat throughout of Paget's reception, which you will 
rejoice in as much as myself, and of which you will of course 
have heard more. In this at least I feel the Regent has 
exercised a sound judgment. To turn from these grand 
subjects to the more interesting considerations of private 
life, I shall be most anxious to hear that the Upwood 
business is in progress, for I am convinced, by all you say, 
that nothing will contribute more to your amusement than 
the management of a ierre of your own. Is there a chance 
of seeing you en passant or not ? I wish there was any 
that Lady Augusta and you would meet their Graces of 
Argyll, who will certainly pay a visit here before their 
departure for Scotland. You of course know the cause 
of her absence from the fete. I am told their Graces of 
Bedford mean soon to be here ; if it should be while the 
Scarboroughs and Seftons are with me, the old house will 
be puzzled pour les loger. About the second week in August, 
should that be agreable to you, I look forward to the pleasure 
of a sejour at West Lodge. Leigh seems to consider himself 
as invited, and says I must carry him. There can be no 
doubt that Ministers have made up their mind to go through 
thick and thin for the Peninsula, and you read what Na- 
poleon says on the subject, so the die is cast, and one of 

1 The marked snub thus offered to Mrs. Fitzherbert brought about 
her final rupture with tlie Regent. See her Li/e. 

i8ii] AFTER THE FETE 197 

the parties will assuredly throw crabs. Thomas used the 
phrase muzzling about Burdett and Whitbread ; his 
political information is not so good as his general one, as 
it appears. They might engage not to bring forward any 
motion themselves ; at all events they opened pretty loudly 
on the occasion brought forward by another ; but Cobbett 
really does seem muzzled. We shall have no war between 
France and Russia yet. The excavations are beginning to 
be filled up, and I hope to see the Portico up before the 
end of October. The internal arrangements will follow. 
Pray let me very soon have the satisfaction to hear of 
Lady Augusta's complete retablissement. My kindest 
regards to her. I hope Leopoldina and the young one are 
both in high force. As I feel I am not so myself, I ought to 
crave your mercy for this dull stupid letter, yet you will 
pass it over from one who is most truly and sincerely yours, 

H. F. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Fair Oak, June, 181 1. 

My Dearest Good Arthur, — I returned here the day 
after the Fete, which the newspapers will have described 
to you the splendor and magnificence of much better than 
I am able to do. Certainly I am glad, very glad, that I 
was present at it, tho' at the same time I hesitate not to 
say that I do not recollect ever to have passed a more 
insupportable period than the one which I spent there. 

Here I am again at home with no present intention of 
moving, especially as I am not without hopes of seeing my 
father and mother here before they go to Wales. Paget 
wanted me to go with him to Anglesea which he purposes 
doing about the loth of July, but that I have got off. 

Fetherstone was here the day before yesterday, he expects 
Ld and Ly Scarborough and the Seftons the first week in 
July. I don't think it unlikely that the Duke and Duchess 
of Bedford will be with him soon, but he is so cold and 
difficult to be got at that I cannot exactly ascertain what 
he means to do. She, I know, wishes him of all things to 
go there, and as she has got all her children at Bognor 
whither she is shortly going to join them, I dare say she 
will get him to go there with her and afterwards pay Uppark 
a visit. 

198 MORE OF THE FETE [ch. hi 

Weaver came yesterday to cut my Hair, he expressed the 
utmost gratitude towards you and seemd much pleased 
with his place. 

The weather is changed sadly for the worse, this North 
Easter is the very devil. I have been much disappointed 
in the produce of my Garden, and to me as you may imagine 
it is no comfort to know that all the gardens about me are 
equally backward and unproductive, especially the Uppark 
one. I however have no doubt that what Fetherstone calls 
blighted and unproductive affords to him vegetables and 
fruits that we should think ourselves devilish well off in 

Elizabeth has been for the last three weeks in a ticklish 
way, but I think there is now nothing to fear as she is 
quite stout again. It has however prevented her going to 
the Fete, which to her M^as no disappointment, on the 
contrary she was too happy to quit London a week before 
it took place. By the bye coming to the Fete again reminds 
me of Capel in one of your dress coats, and a better figure 
I never beheld. I am quite sure I am within bounds when 
I say that the space was more than a foot between the 
buttons and the holes they were intended to button to, 
but it was all the same to him and he was perfectly satisfied. 
Ever your devoted 


Hon. Berkeley Paget 

PoRTMAN Street, 22>th June, 18 11. 

Pardon mine offence. I plead guilty to the charges you 
have preferr'd against me and own myself an idle Vagabond 
and ungrateful Varlet for having taken no notice whatever 
of your kind offer of Wardrobe, therefrom to select materials 
to bedeck " recreant Limbs." Never having appeared in 
the Character of a Representative of my Sovereign, I thought 
your apparel tho' calculated to adorn the Carcase of an 
Ambassador much too splendid for an ex-Major of Horse ; 
I therefore fitted me with a suit of dingy Dittos. Nothing 
could be more superb than the arrangements at Carlton 
House. How sure Ben was to make up a Field-Marshal's 
Uniform according to his own Fancy. Not only the Cuffs, 
Collars and Front of the Coat were richly (two inches wide) 


embroidered but the very seams — all the seams ! ! ! On a 
moderate calculation it must have cost and weighed in 
pounds sterling and avoirdupois at least 200. 

Mon petit Graves is solely occupied during the morning 
in instructing Ladies in cotillons and in the Evening in 
dancing them. Waltzing also engages his attention. I do 
flatter myself we shall see him one of these days on the 
stage. Tho' in size somewhat similar one cannot well 
compare him to Shakespear's Elephant in Troilus and 

The Elephant hath joints, but none for courtesy, 
His legs are for necessity, not for flexure. 

If Arbuthnot hath not written to you, he is as bad as I 
have been. I gave him the letter you sent me and begged 
him to do what he could for your friend. He told me 
he was going to write to you and would name the Subject. 

Sophia is still going about the House, but I always 
expect to find a young bantling on my return home from 
my morning Ramble. She is uncommonly well. I will 
certainly let you know when she brings to bed. As you 
have the sins of one of my children (Eleanor) to answer 
for, I must decline your good natured offer of becoming 
Godfather to the one that is coming. Adieu, mon ires 
ilhistre amhassadeur ! Live a thousand years. Yr most 


B. Paget. 

Col. Leigh 

Six Mile Bottom, Sunday, July 21st, iSii. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . I conclude you heard of the 
Regent's wig at the fete, new for the occasion and unique. 
. . . Yours sincerely, 

G. Leigh. 

Lord Graves 

Bishop's Court, July, 181 1. 

My Dear Arthur, — By this morning's Post I receiv'd 
the sixty guineas for " Katerfelto " in a draft on Drummonds, 
which shall be sent to him as soon as possible. I can 
assure you that "Katerfelto" did not stand in any great 
degree last May, when I us'd to ride him on the road in 

200 A POOR MAN'S HORSE [ch. hi 

preference to any other Horse, which I should not have 
done had he been disagreeable. He us'd, I own, to shy, 
that is on passing any object he dislik'd, he would lean 
from it, but never stop abruptly, plunge, or turn round. 
But if he is high fed with little work, he will like all other 
low bred fellows perhaps forget himself, and become un- 
pleasant. No work can hurt him, and I think it is impossible 
to throw him down, he is without exception the safest horse 
I ever rode. He can walk full six miles an hour and is a 
wonderful trotter, in short is a complete poor man's horse, 
being very hardy. I recommended him more as a useful 
than a pleasant animal. Should you dislike him, let me 
beg of you to keep him at least six months when you will 
have time to be convinc'd his had are surpass'd by his 
good qualities. Should he ever require Physic your groom 
must be cautious that he does not exceed six Drachms of 
aloes. . . . This Beau temps I hope will continue till the 
middle and end of August. I long for the moment to shew 
you a warrantable Deer. My kind love to Augusta. 


Col. Addenhrooke 

London, July 24th, 181 1. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — I have no other excuse for writing 
but the temptation of an Extract of a letter written to me 
by a General officer of the Army in Portugal ; I have read 
others to the same effect, but as this comes directed im- 
mediately to myself, and being strongly tempted I cannot 
resist the impulse of sending it to you — sad are the com- 
plaints against the Cavalry Commanders, nor do I hear 
high encomiums passed on those of the Marching Order. 
I find Graham is joining Lord W. and that he is to be 2nd 
in Command — the services and the man would not displease 
Ld Paget, I presume, but I fear that His Lordship's going 
is out of the question. 

You will know that the arrangements so long talked of 
have taken place, so far as Lord Harcourt's succeeding 
Gl Fox in the Govt of Portsmouth, and Hope going to 
Marlow in Ld H.'s place. I saw Hope yesterday who 
confirmed this. I also learn that Ld Harcourt is to be 
removed to Plymouth on the death of Lord Howe, which I 
pronounce to be at hand, he is now in a state that I think 
it impossible he should ever get out of his bed again, in 


the event of Ld Harcourt getting Plymouth Ld Suffolk, 
I am told, will succeed him at Portsmouth. I was here 
interrupted by a visitor who has carried me from home, 
calling at Mrs. Howe's I found Ly Uxbridge, to whom I 
gave the extract I had written for you. Her Ladyship 
asked if she might send it to Lord P. "To the Lord Mayor, 
if Her Ladyship pleased it so," was my reply. Maitland 
gets Fox's Regt and Leith gets the West India Regt. 
Sir Thos Musgrave cannot live many days, so that there will 
be Tilbury Fort, (my friend Genl Edwd should succeed 
to it) etc. to be had. Lukeschents I saw just now, he is 
off tomorrow for Portugal. If the King is not dead, I 
am persuaded that he cannot live many days. The D. 
of Y, was hurried off this Morning at 5 to Windsor. I 
was just now at St. James's with Sir Geo. Ludlow, where 
from the black countenances we saw from the Lords' 
Room we concluded that he is actually dead, if not he is 
past all hope of getting about again, and will only breath 
a few days longer.' Folks ask what is to become of the 
Princess of Wales in the event of the King's death ; I reply 
as to what I hear that she is not to be Queen. The Prince 
will produce only sufficient charges as will warrant separa- 
tion, in which case she is to have a handsome allowance, 
but to be banished to Scotland where Holyrood House is 
to be her residence. I beg my best respects to be presented 
to Lady Augusta and am ever, dear Sir A., yr truly faithful 

J. P. Adden. 

" I have heard with pleasure Lord Paget's expected 
arrival in this country rests on something more than rumour, 
nothing would delight me more than the confirmation of 
such a hope. I am too great a friend to the Cavalry, to 
the welfare of my country and to the cause she is fighting 
to listen for a moment to any other claims than those 
offered by talents and distinguished ability ; we are not 
overburdened with either, for God's sake let us have that 
portion that is within our reach. Send His Lordship to us, 
and brisk and favorable be the breeze that wafts him here, 
and this I should say and hope, was the hour of his arrival 
that of the cessation of my own command. I am for 
general not partial views. Lord P. is the only Cavalry Officer 

^ The King did not die till January, 1820. 

202 MR. SHELDON DINES [ch. hi 

we have, the rest are mere Pretenders who require his 
example to become any thing themselves ! sad truth but 
even so it is." 

I leave town tomorrow, Ld Rivers on Saturday. Middle 
of August he will be in your neighborhood. Horace ^ you 
will know is going to Jamaica to look after his estates. 
Ld R. has behaved nobly towards him. 

Mr. Sheldon 

Queen Anne St., 25th July, 1811. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — . . . We had a very pleasant dinner 
the other night at Bath House (taken by the Duke of 
Portland at the enormous rent of £2500 a year), given by 
Ld Fred. Bentinck, he asked your brother Berkeley to be 
of it, but he was engaged, and Pierrepont, who left town 
that morning. Adair dined with me the day before I shut 
up shop, and thinks with you that at present all be over 
in Russia. I have not met with Mr. Horn, alias Pater 
Maurus of Ratisbon, but my friend Jenkinson says he 
thinks him a great rascal. In your last your Excellency says 
something of a Possibility of your coming to town, if it is 
so, I hope it will be before I leave it, as I shall have most 
real pleasure in seeing and giving your Excellency a bottle 
of such Champagne as I think you will not dislike. Give 
me some tidings in your next of that event, for there are 
few people left in town now to offer you a dinner. ... I 
hope Lady Augusta, the Little Princess etc. are all perfectly 
well, and in begging your Excellency de lui faire agreer 
mes respectueux hommages, believe me ever most truly yours, 

Ch. H. Sheldon. 

Lord Paget 

Plas Newydd, July 28th, 181 1. 

My Dear Arthur, — I have to acknowledge the receipt 
of your letter of the 24th. I had already understood from 
Genl Fane when I saw him in town that the valuation of 
Upwood would probably amount to £40,000. I read to 
Adml Aylmer your letter and I inclose his answer to that 
part which concerns him. My opinion upon the subject 
is this. Ld Uxbridge's circumstances are such that it is 

^ Horace Beckford, Lord Rivers' nephew, who succeeded his uncle 
under a special remainder as 3rd baron in 1828. 



impossible to purchase any thing any where, which will 
not yield to him sufficient interest to cover the interest 
of any loan he might be obliged to make in the purchase. 
There are several desirable Farms which may now be 
had in Dorsetshire, but which I have been under the neces- 
sity of declining. Upwood is very desirable, but it is 
©bvious that it will only go at a fancy price and we are 
really not in a situation to think of such things ; with 
respect to it therefore the matter stands thus. It is a 
desirable property to go to the family, but if it is to be had 
worth the money, you wish to become the purchaser. It 
is however as I apprehend not to be had worth the money, 
as a purchaser therefore for my father I shd under that 
circumstance decline it and it rests with you to determine 
if it is prudent or right to purchase it at a price far beyond 
its value. This with you must be an affair of feeling. No 
person can advise you to it, for it will be laying out your 
money in what will only yield you 3 per cent, and it will 
engage you to quit a place at which you have incurred 
great expence, just as you have completed its comforts 
and for which outgoings you cannot expect to be paid. 
In it you will have to encounter certain immediate expence 
in the House, upon the Farm, in the purchase of Stock, of 
Implements. You will have to begin farming upon a 
large scale without any knowledge of it. The consequence 
is obvious. And what guarantee have you of yourself, 
that you would be satisfied in settling there ? As you ask 
my advice upon this subject, it is my duty, if I speak at 
all, to speak openly. Were you not then perfectly delighted 
with your acquisition of West Lodge ? Really changes 
of abode and alterations of plans of Life are too ruinously 
expensive to be acted upon without deep reflection and 
much calculation, and most certainly in the latter con- 
sideration every thing is against you. If you buy the 
place at anything like Genl Fane's valuation, you cannot 
by letting the Farm get more than 3 per cent, for your 
money and most assuredly you will be very much worse 
off and probably very deeply involved if you farm it your- 
self. It strikes me that you arc as well off as most people 
where you are. You are delightfully lodged in a place 
exactly suited to your finances, you have all the agremens 
of a Chase without its plagues, you have the command 
of some of the finest manors in England for shooting and 

204 A POINT OF FINANCE [ch. hi 

there is no doubt that with what you already have, small 
as it is, and with what you might obtain, you might farm 
land just enough to occupy and amuse you without running 
risks which it will put you and others to very serious diffi- 
culties to encounter. 

I really live surrounded by too many embarrassments 
and have too constantly before my eyes the fatal effects of 
extravagance, of want of calculation of success, of hasty 
decisions to incur enormous expences, not to shudder at 
the probability of still further distresses. Here I am at 
the very seat of mismanagement and extravagance. Such 
inconsiderate purchases made, such frauds of some agents, 
such ignorance of others, such general inconvenience and 
distress from want of calculating means, that you cd not 
have taken me at a worse moment to have consulted me 
upon a point of Finance. I am now hurried for the post 
and must put off other subjects on which I will write to 
you. I would wish you to answer this letter and to enter 
as fully into the subject as you please. There is plenty 
of time for coming to a wise decision. I am perfectly at 
your service to discuss this or any other point, perfectly 
open to conviction and to hear pros and cons. . . . Ever 
affecly yours, 


Hon. Berkeley Paget 

London, 31s/ July, 181 1. 

My Dear Arthur, — I am exceedingly obliged to you for 
half a buck, which arrived yesterday and which I shall 
devour at Surbiton, where I now am stationed. Mrs. 
Bucknall * will not be sorry at having arrived there at the 
same time with your bountiful Present. 

Being entitled by virtue of my office to two bucks from 
his Majesty's Parks or Forests, I think I ought fairly to give 
you that hint, that I may not appear to be taking advantage 
of your kindness at a future period, if you should have con- 
templated an extension of your Bounty. 

I was surprized this morning by receiving a Letter from 
Charles, whose return I had not looked for, for a consider- 
able time. I wish he had announced a capture. Graves 

' Hon. Mrs. William Bucknall, mother of Mrs. Berkeley Paget, died 




has been very great. ... It would not be " fair upon poor 
little ]\Iary." He is still of the same opinion that a Man 
ought to have more than one Woman, and seem'd to think 
it would be damned good fun to have Jane in addition to 
poor little Mary. He intended getting to Hartford Bridge 
to-day, but Jane v\'ill not be able to get his commissions 
ready early, so he I think will not be able to get so far. 
He however still intends being with you by dinner. Ever 
most affly yrs, 

B. Paget. 

Countess of Galloway 

[July] 181 1. 

Dearest Arthur, — If I have not succeeded to your 
liking it is not for want of pains and inclination, but every- 
thing at all pretty is alwayg dearer than is agreeable and 
I fear only ^ Gowns have cost as much as was intended to 
cover the 6, when you receive them by Graves if you wish 
for 2 more Mama will chuse them, as I shall be off tomorrow 
morning for the North. The Bengal Crape is a shameful 
price but I tried all the Shops in Bond St. before I could 
meet with it and I could not get it for less tho' they are 
in general not above 5 guineas the Dress. The India Muslins 
are so much jollier than the British that I could not resist 
one of that sort, but they are much dearer than the others, 
Mary told me they were not to be thin so I hope they are 
right. I am quite knocked up with the Bustle and Row 
of getting the whole Family under way and am scrawling 
these few lines to you at i in the morning as I shall not 
have any other time. I am distressed at not having 
entirely executed your commission but I have had so much 
to do that I am rather bewildered. 

Garlics shoved his boat off 2 days ago and took Randolph 
with him, the Capels were off this morning. Goodnight, 
I am fast asleep, kind love to Lady A., Oubli, and Stewart. 
Goodbye, you dear little Fellow, most affccly yrs, 

J. G. 

Sir Harry F ether stone 

{July] 181 1. 
Indeed, my dear Arthur, I should very much like to 
hear the Gentleman from the Continent on the great subject 

2o6 SIR HARRY'S VISITORS [ch. iii 

of his contempt, which if he escapes himself for entertaining 
such an opinion, he owes intirely to the infatuation of the 
times. It would be of very little importance what he 
and so many like him think, did not Government appear 
to act under the influence of all the mischievous reports 
made by their own agents, who seem employed not for 
the purpose of useful information but to collect and spread 
the grossest falsehoods. The " delirant reges, plectuntur 
Achivi" will be continued under the R — t,^ for I under- 
stand he is outrageous on that string and altogether of 
our Gentleman's opinion. In a letter from Paget two or 
three days ago he expresses himself decidedly against going 
to the Peninsula, notwithstanding which and all the diffi- 
culties in the way of it, I am of opinion, if the R 1 is 

determined to push the matter, he will find it very difficult 
to parry the point. The D. of Bedford rode over from 
Bognor on Monday to arrange the grand visit with the 
Duchess which is now fixed for October (when it is to be a 
long one) and there is also a chance of a previous short 
visit in the first week in August. On receiving a note from 
him announcing his intention of coming over on Monday 
for the purpose, I concluded it was to fix a visit for this 
week and in my own opinion that would have been better 
after so many delays. The longer it is defer'd, the more 
gene will attend its completion de part et d'autre. I know 
the Duchess was for coming now. They go back to London 
on Friday. The Scarboroughs come here on the 8th for 
a fortnight and I expect soon to hear from Sefton who, I 
understand, has left Town for the summer. I wish there 
was a chance that Lady Augusta and you would meet 
their Graces of Argyll id, for I conclude they will take me 
en passant to West Lodge ; but I fear this is a pleasure I 
must not expect. It may indeed be difficult to ascertain 
in any reasonable time their Graces' progress. Charles 
talks of another trip to London on Monday. I dine with 
him to-morrow and Friday. Mrs Paget is not en etat to 
go home at night from hence. The weather is such that 
there is no stirring in any way with comfort ; constant 
fogs and blights with much rain, hay spoiling, too wet for 
turnips and utterly destructive to the young pheasants. 
I really think an irritable fellow like myself would do wisely 
to lessen the sources of irritation, for it wears both mind 

1 The Regent. 


and body out and I can't help it. Have you read " The 
Book " ? It is a most wonderful performance. I shall 
like much to know the impression you receive from its 

perusal. The R 1 has not been in Tylney Street * since 

the fete, says he was insulted the last time he was there, 
so probably means to cut altogether. He drinks very hard, 
dines out constantly since the fete business and talks 
incessantly. The Duke told me he (the Duke) stayed till 
2 o'clock at Ld Grey's, and was bored to death with the 
whole thing. He [the Regent] is meditating a military 
tour. La tete lui tournera. I should very much like to 
get the foreign journals you mention, but having once 
tried Dulau without success give the point up altogether. 
Suppose you was to inquire of the D. of Richmond about 
Stoke. I shewed you the place from Bow Hill ; it is alto- 
gether most eligible and, if you had a lease, would exactly 
suit you ; excellent house and as much land as you might 
require. You may conclude that I am interested about 
it and so I am, but not at your expence be assured. Think 
of it now in time (for I hear it is to be let) if Upwood does 
not go on. I sincerely rejoice in the " all perfectly well " 
as relating to Lady Augusta and the young ones. My 
kindest regards to her and believe me ever yours, 

H. Fetherstone. 

Sir Harry Fetherstone 

August, 181 1 

My Dear Arthur, — Their Graces of Argyll arrived 
yesterday and we got to dinner about half after eight. 
Berkeley, Edward and Charles met them and returned 
to Fair Oak apres le souper, for you know of course that 
Mrs. Charles Paget's accouchement took place on Friday. 
We are going there this morning and I have only time to 
say that with your permission, should that day be agreeable, 
I propose to myself the pleasure of dining at West Lodge 
on Monday the 12th ^ that we may have an opportunity of 

drinking the R t's health with three times three. Leigh 

means to be here some days before and that I should convey 
him. The account from Windsor, just before the post left 
London yesterday evening, was bad. He [the King] cannot 

1 Where Mrs. Fitzherbert lived. 2 xhe Regent's birthday. 



last long in this way and the great preparations at Brighton 
may be thrown away. Under all this uncertainty their 
Graces of Bedford will not pay their visit here till October. 
Perhaps you have heard that Paget availed himself en 
veritable ami of the first opportunity at one of the Kew 
dinners of taking up my cause : he did it in the most full 
and decided manner, which is a great satisfaction to myself, 
however prejudiced and poisoned the royal party etc. 
appeared to be against me. More of this and my friend 
Northey when we meet. This is quite my weather and 
both mind and body partake of its benefits. Je suis a 
mon aise et toujours, yours most sincerely, 

H. Fetherstone. 

Lord Graves 

Bishops Court, August loth, 1811. 

My Dear Arthur, — The unsatisfactory account you 
give of Katerfelto confirms me in an opinion I have long 
entertain'd of the total incapacity of a man's judging of 
the fitness, or unfitness of a Horse for another, and you do 
me but justice when you believe I really thought he would 
do for you, not indeed as an agreeable or pleasant Monture 
but as a safe, handy, tough and serviceable Hack, and 
that, I make bold to say, you will still find him, if your 
disgust and disappointment will allow you to keep him. 
His discharging the Gig with costs does not surprise me. 
I should not venture to put either of my carriage -horses in 
a Gig, before I had tried them in single harness in the 
shafts of a Waggon or Cart. That he will go in harness I 
can assure you from ocular proof, and his aversion to 
that accoutrement when in your possession I can not 
account for, except that he disliked the shafts, and was 
also a little fresh. . . . With due submission to your better 
judgement, I think if you can not get the House with Land, 
it is better have no House, without that convenient, neces- 
sary, and only valuable appendage ; for of all the ways 
of laying out money the most unprofitable and perishable 
is that of employing it in Houses which are subject to fire, 
and constant repair, and when old, sell only for the value 
of the material. In short it is so much money sunk, and 
ought not to be purchas'd at any rate, unless they return 
you 12 per cent. I am as much flatter'd as I ought, at 


H.R.H. the Duke of Cumberland's inquiry, and as you 
are pleas'd to call me the Patron of all Plays, Books and 
Operas, I must scold you for cutting and voting them all 
at the Devil, and you are as equally unjust in abusing 
London, which affords amusement to young and old, and 
to my taste, is the centre of every thing that is interesting 
in the arts and sciences, and in short whose very activity 
and bustle exhilarates the Mind, and communicates to it 
an elasticity which it does not feel in retirement. I do 
not pretend that this does not at last fatigue, but still it 
is at times a necessary stimulus, and I am convinced the 
mixing with our fellow Beings tends to make us more 
reconcil'd to ourselves, and more affectionate to them. 
As for the notice of society of Messieurs les Monseigneuvs 
I value it as little as the Rushes that grow under my House, 
and should bear the want of it with as much Philosophy, 
or indifference rather, that you do. In short, as Charles 
says, it is all Humbug, but I do not see why, if they play 
at that game, we may not do so too. 

For the sake of the country at large I am glad to hear 
Sir George Paul's account of the good crops in the counties 
with which . . . The Wheat in this neighbourhood is in a 
most shocking state, and many thousand acres are not 
worth cutting, the Rust having completely destroy'd the 
grain. We have every prospect of wheat being next year 
from fifteen shillings to a guinea the bushel. Oats are 
also a very bad crop, and I have no doubt will not be sold 
under five shillings a bushel, the barleys are abundant. 
But with us the Hay has not turn'd out an average crop. 
The coveys of Partridges are not less numerous than last 
year, but are deficient in quantity. I have not yet seen 
one Covey exceeding twelve, and the greatest number 
consists of five, seven and nine birds. 

God Bless you and believe me with Mary's most affect. 
love yours most truly, 


Lord Paget 

Beau Desert, Aug. 12th, 1811. 

My Dear Arthur, — I have received your Pipe today 
for which I return you many thanks. It is a very good 
one for rough work. It is high time that I shd get out 

210 ARMY MATTERS [ch. m 

of your debt and I now enclose you a draft for 60 gs. which 
will do it I believe. 50 gs. is for the sale of " Matilda " 
and 10 gs. for the Christening. It is idleness that has so 
long stopped me from doing so, not mere idleness about 
writing, but idleness about ascertaining what stamp was 
necessary. I am so stupid about these matters that I 
am eternally running the risk of heavy penalties. 

I write to tell you that I am not going abroad. Why 
they sent for me I know not, for the Duke of York so far 
from wishing me to serve under Ld Wellington told me, 
as he had told the Prince, that altho' he wd not oppose the 
measure, yet that he could by no means advise me to it. 
The Prince however had a strong desire that I shd serve 
until all the difficulties both publick and private had been 
represented to me {sic) [? him]. This I had no occasion 
to do, it had been already done, and when I went to him, 
I found him fully sensible that no advantage was likely 
to result from the unusual measure of waiving my Rank. 
There was still another thing that he wished me to do 
and which in my mind and in that of all I spoke to upon 
the subject was still more objectionable, namely that of 
going out to inspect, report upon, and in part reorganise 
the Cavalry. This wd really have been too insulting to 
Ld W. and (what is perhaps of less consequence) to all 
his Officers of Cavalry. It would imply that both He and 
They were ignorant of the management and application 
of that Arm and do no ultimate good, for as Edward very 
justly observed, unless I could take out with me a parcel 
of Heads to place upon their Shoulders, all the Chocolate 
I might deal out wd avail nothing. This project therefore 
IS given up. It is not possible for anyone to receive more 
flattering marks of consideration and kindness than I did, 
both from the Prince and the Duke of York, and altho' 
it wd have been quite ruinous to me and mine to have 
stirred at this moment, yet I cannot help feeling quite dis- 
tressed that I was unable to overcome all difficulties and 
to offer my Services. I conclude however that I shall 
not be allowed to remain quiet very long. . . . Ever affecly 


These detestable stamps are again bothering me. I 
have a parcel of them, and they say they are Receipt Stamps. 


I am writing to Lowe by this post and he will have directions 
to pay you 60 guineas. Let me hear if you have any idea 
of going into Wales. I shall probably go about the 8th 
or loth of Septr, I think it wd be a good thing to do. 

Gen. Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

Beau Desert, 1st Septr, 181 1. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I have used you abominably. 
Had I had a rifle to send, you would have heard of it and 
of me before, but I have not. I had one, but no longer 
have. Shooting all day, and sleeping all night, I have 
never during the last week found a moment to write, and 
into the bargain Charles always gets hold of what little 
writing apparatus there is in the Gallery, and there is no 
stirring him from it. My handwriting shews you how much 
I am out of practice. Charles and I have had our con- 
versation in full, we completely agree in everything, and 
he has written to you what we both think. I am sorry 
to hear such an Account of " Katerfelto," tho' I expected no 
better. He is the last man in England I would buy a 
Horse from. Mine is quite perfect. I shot two Blackcocks 
from his back a day or two ago. If your party is with 
you pray remember me especially to the Lady Burghersh. 
Now for the Paddocks, being Sunda}^ Tomorrow to 
Burton. I will write to you more at length and more 
legibly soon. God bless you. Kind Love to Augusta. 
Ever your most affectionate 

E. P. 

Hon. Berkeley Paget 

Berkhampstead Castle, nth Septr, 181 1. 

My Dear Arthur, — I have been expecting daily to hear 
your decision on the Rifle I last sent to you. Standenmayer 
is anxious to know your determination. 

I was at Oatlands last week, we had the Brummell in 
very great force. D[uke] was not there. He left Town 
on Monday for Suffolk to review troops at Ipswich, and 
shoot at Yarmouth's with Ben, who is gone there also. 
" God damn you, you have put no shot in my Gun." 

Enniskillen and myself went to Owen WiUiams's, and 
shot two days, birds wild, scanty, and small, the weather 
sweltering. No scent. So we killed but twelve brace in 


the two days. I was invited to shoot at Oatlands, but it 
was so hot, that I dedined. So I went on the Thames in 
a Punt with Berkeley Craven, Alvanley, and Brummell, 
and fished for Gudgeons ! Not bad. We did not laugh 
at all ! 

What success have you and your Party had with the 
Partridges ? Paget, Edward, and Charles, I'm told, shot 
at Burton. I have been here a few days and stay till 
the end of the week on a visit to the maiden cousins ^ of 
Sophia, who, I think, are likely to lead a life of celibacy. 

I wish you had been with Enniskillen and myself shooting. 
He was greater than ever. The day we left Town together 
Charlotte was sitting with us at Dinner, to whom he thus 
address'd himself, " My dear Charlotte, you'll send my 
letters to Colnbrook, and if there is anything particular 
in Balfour's Letter, I desire you'll open it." There's an 
Ingenuity in that quite unparallel'd. 

The enclosed is not bad. It is the fac-simile of a Direc- 
tion of a Letter given to Lord Shaftesbury to frank. 

My best Love to Augusta. Yrs most affly, 

B. Paget. 

The Pony answer'd my most anxious expectations. 

Earl of Galloway 

PowTOUN, September i8th, 1811. 

Dear Arthur, — " What says the Earle ? He bids you 
move to the Head of the Table. Tell the Earle that where 
McDonald sits, that is the head of the Table." Bravo ! 
Jane desired me to insert this anecdote of the Chief of the 
McDonalds, invited to dine with a Lord-Lieutenant of 
Ireland, and arriving too late took the vacant seat at the 
low end of the Table, perfectly satisfied until presumed 
to be Inferior in place by being desired to move up ; this 
must be repeated in the Scotch accent that you learnt from 
poor Willy McDoual, or McDougal as you called him, and 
it will read well. 

I do not like to lose sight of you, my good fellow, and 
therefore fire a shot to bring another when I shall know 
where you are, I heard you was to go to Plas Newydd 
with a Party, perhaps you are there now ; we expect the 

1 The Hon. Charlotte Grimston and her sister Harriet ; they both 
died unmarried. 


Enniskillens tomorrow, perhaps he can tell me where to 
direct this. How is Stewart Henry Paget, and his Mother ? 
I suspect he will be a McDonald and make his place the 
Head of the Table now he's by name connected with a 
Scottish Clan, you see what we Chiefs of Clans are — per- 
haps rather were. 

1 have had my sister, Lady Blandford,' here, and her 
eldest son Sunderland, a very fme youth in every respect, 
but after the Enniskillens go, except a few Batchelors, we 
shall be Hermits for the Winter. I much regret you could 
not with Augusta visit us this Autumn and stay thro' the 
Winter, this is an admirable Winter Residence, altho' 
the Waves roar and break into our Garden, we are perfectly 
sheltered notwithstanding and always dry, and bathing 
in a Machine on Sands or diving oh Rocks every day. My 
Children are not the same since their residence here, being 
so improved in Health. Now what have you to do so 
material that need prevent you coming Bag and Baggage 
Here for the Winter, and before which sets in we will if 
you please [partie quarree) take a trip to Inverary ; after- 
wards growl and find fault over a good Sea Coal fire with 
the Newspapers at all parties, a grand privilege I conceive, 
and applicable to Britain alone. I have a Bilhard Table, 
an old Library, a little game of all sorts, and much wild 
scenery to employ both time and Imagination, and nobody 
to interrupt us or to annoy ; and Wood-Cocks are coming. 
Now, my dear fellow, tho' the distance alarms, a long 
residence thro' the winter compensates the fatigue and 
trouble, and when the Sun returns we will both Families 
together break forth from our Retreat, and enter the 
World again, for this retired Corner is really a Retreat, 
tho' all chearful and gay within itself. 

October is the best month in the year to travel. How 
Jane would enjoy the idea of our united Famihes for one 
comfortable winter ; as you may suppose here are plenty 
of Rooms etc. calling for Inhabitants and indeed society 
is all that we require ; think upon all this before you say 
No. You meant it once, let it be now. Adio. Yours 
ever sincerely and truly, 


1 Lady Susan Stewart married in 1791 the Marquis of Blandford, 
afterwards 4th Duke of Marlborough. Her eldest son here mentioned 
succeeded as 5th Duke in 1840. 

214 LADY UXBRIDGE [ch. hi 

Enniskillen is just arrived, and says you are at West 
Lodge, he also says you have promised to visit him in 
Ireland, and to make a long journey from Home, now, my 
dear fellow, what winter can answer better than this ? If 
you will Winter here, we will attend you to Ireland in the 
Spring. Another year we may be all right aloft. 

You must remember me to my dear little Godson, and 
he must tell me what little portable present he would 
like Godpapa to bring with him. Godpapas have now 
only to take Charge of les menus plaisirs ; formerly we 
were charged with Catechisms, Morals and I don't know 
what ; mats les temps sont hien changes, et il faut changer 
atissi. I shall enjoy seeing him hereafter shooting and 
enjoying G. House — where I iind most young people always 
much pleased and Happy. 

Countess of Uxbridge 

Plas Newydd, Sepr 24th, 1811. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I was cruelly disappointed on 
opening your kind letter, having flatter' d myseh it would 
give a good account of you without a drawback. I sincerely 
grieve that your poor little Boy has had so serious an 
attack, it is wonderful, when one considers the tender 
and deUcate texture of a child, that they can struggle thro' 
so frightful a complaint. I trust in God the next Post 
will set my mind at Ease about him. I am happy that 
you have a little got the use of yoi^r hand. I think I am 
more nervous in the shooting than in the Hunting season, 
but I suppose it is because you are all shooters and not 
hunters. A sad report is made of the game here, your 
Brothers went out without success, and Edward ^las again 
tried in vain to find Birds. I am persuaded we have not 
fair play. I hear the Mail Coaches are loaded with game 
from this Island. Never do I remember such heavenly 
Weather as we have had for the last three weeks, but a 
tremendous Thunder storm has changed it, the eliects of 
which has been very fatal in this Neighbourhood, three 
persons having lost their hves. To add to my terror it 
occurr'd on the day your Brothers, and poor dear httle 
Charles, left this, and I have not since heard of them. 
Your leather and Edward unite with me in best love to 
you, Lady Augusta and httle Oubh. jJon't do what is 

i8ii] PLAS NEWYDD 215 

very usual, excite alarms and then not follow up reports 
by writing again. I am ever your most affectionate Mother, 


Gen, Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

Plas Newydd, 27 Sept. 181 1. 

My Dear Good Arthur, — I have been thoroughly sorry 
to hear of your numerous Disasters, Contusions, Blowings 
up, ungovernable Brays, and aiUng Babes. Your Letter 
to my Mother received today (for which she desires me to 
give you a thousand thanks) has set us much at ease ; 
but why do you tolerate, and why have you tolerated for 
one moment during the last two years that drunken, foggy, 
chattering, and infernal old Hellcat ? She is really much 
too bad, and I shall think both you and Augusta doating, 
if you don't dispose of her out of hand. An arrival — Col. 
and Mrs. Armstrong from Dubhn. This is a heavyish Place 
on hand. I hate sailing — shooting there is none — and as 
to riding, you might as well go riding at Bishops Court. 
My father amazingly bored, and wishing to get away. My 
Mother amazing unhappy, and wishing him to stay. All 
this you understand. Then I have a dinner and ball 
before me next week at Carnarvon. Pleasant ! I saw 
Sir Charles Des Voeux ^ this morning at Beaumaris, as 
mad as need be. He calls my Mother Mrs. Lemon. If 
you write to me, tell me if you have had any Shooting 
at Handley. By the by, is that place yet sold ? and 
whether the Game is increased in quantity. Has my 
Friend, Mr. Paget, been with you yet ? Billy Peacocke has 
a touch of the Gout, tho' he solemnly assured me the other 
day that he never drank more than four glasses of wine 
in all his Life at one Sitting, and that Lord Warwick traced 
his Descent in right Line from Father to Son for upwards 
of sixteen Centuries. Most alfectionately yours, 

E. P. 

Hon. H. Pierrepont 
Cheveley Park, Newmarket, Sept. 30/A, 1811. 
My Dear Arthur, — I was most truly sorry to hear upon 
my arrival here yesterday that you had had a very serious 

1 Sir Charles Des Voeux had married one of Lady Uxbridge's sisters. 


accident with your gun, and had hurt your hand very 
considerably. I trust however not so as to receive any 
permanent mischief from it, which I shall be very glad to 
hear confirmed from yourself. Did it happen from making 
use, as most people do, of a spring powder horn ? I have 
all my life heard of the danger of it, and have always gone 
on in the practice, but this will I think be a warning to 
me to discontinue it. I have been, since we parted, almost 
constantly in the north, where I had some tolerable grouse 
shooting, and on my way up I took the battle ^ between 
Crib and the Black, which was the worst I have ever seen, 
the latter, independent of his bad training, is an arrant 
coward, however in the early part of the contest he applied 
his strength so well and to so much purpose, that it was very 
doubtful for the first three or four rounds who would be 
the victor. Were you not a good deal surprised at seeing 
that Lord William Bentinck * was returned ? All I know, 
or have heard about it, is from the Duke of York, who 
says that Govt are well satisfied with his conduct in so 
doing. He would, I should imagine, hardly do it upon 
light grounds, and therefore it may be just possible that 
he is come to convince Govt of the necessity of taking 
entire possession of Sicily. If this is so, what an outcry 
there will be, and yet I really believe it would be the best 
thing we could do. The Dukes of York and Cambridge 
arrived here yesterday, and the former desires to be kindly 
remembered to you. The latter is better than ever in the 
questions he asks, at least in the absurdity of them. Most 
truly and sincerely yrs, 

Henry Pierrepont. 

I hope little Oubli is well. Have you done anything 
about my Petersfield boots ? 

Col. Leigh 
Six Mile Bottom, Friday, {Oct., 1811]. 

My Dear Arthur, — I am very sorry to find you suffer 
so much from your hand, and hope this may find it quite 
recover'd. Mrs. Leigh and I return you our best thanks 
for the venison, which I did not deserve as you say. I 
am sorry to add that I have not seen a Horse that will suit 

1 A prize-fight. * Second son of 3rd Duke of Portland. 

i8ii] CHEVELEY 217 

you yet. The Earl of Jersey arrived on Tuesday at Cheve- 
ley, they have had a very large party, the Dukes of York 
and Cambridge, Lords Manners and Alvanley, General Finch 
and Manners, Count Brummell, Pierrepont etc. Tom 
Stepney arrived on Wednesday, they sit up till four o'clock 
playing at whist. Lord Alvanley and Brummell were the 
losers. The size of the Duke of York is enormous. The 
Duke of Cambridge did not come to the races. The Dowager 
Duchess arrived at Cheveley yesterday. I heard from 
Charles Manners the other day both him and Bob were well. 
Chester dined with me the other day, he was in high force, 
he is now at Cheveley. The Regent, when he was at Lord 
Hertford's went out a shooting, was satisfied with one 
turnip field, then went home and went to Bed. The Duke 
of Cambridge had two very clever saddle horses with him, 
he is now at a Mr. Johnson's, who has got Sir James Pul- 
teney's place in Norfolk. I am very sorry to hear your 
little Boy has been so ill, and trust my little friend is quite 
well, with my best respects to Lady Augusta. Lord Rivers 
has not made his appearance at the Hare Park, his Grey- 
hounds are all ill, he has lost two of them. I hear the 
Lord of the Treasury is gone to the Sea ; the Count desired 
to be remembered to you. Believe me to be very sincerely 

G. Leigh. 

Earl of Enniskillen 

Florence Court, October 9, 1811. 

My Dear Arthur, — I have this moment heard of your 
accident, and your dear little Boy having been ill ; you 
will much oblige Charlotte and I if you will let us know 
how you are etc. We are most anxious about you at any 
rate. We have been here a week, and had a long and 
tedious journey. Our weather is very bad ; tho' the 
mountains are full of Game, I cannot go out. We have 
such constant rain. I must join my Regt in Dublin on 
the 25th, of course shall have much hard drinking with 
the old Boy of Richmond,^ who has kept it up pretty 
warmly the entire summer. Charlotte joins in kindest 
Wishes to Lady Augusta. Ever most sincerely, 

1 The Duke of Kichmond, Lord Lieutenant. 

2i8 COL. PEACOCKE [ch. hi 

Gen. Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

Plas Newydd, 14 Oct. 181 1, 

My Dear Arthur, — The last account of your Hand 

(2d Inst.) was so far from satisfactory, that I begin to be 

anxious to hear again from you. That my friend, Mr 

Paget, should have had such good Sport at Handley I 

am delighted to hear perhaps at least as much on my own 

account as on his, as I Hatter myself, if you hold on another 

year, I shall be among 'em. I was sorry to read the latter 

part of your Letter, as it would seem the Breach is widening 

instead of closing. The Letter to Lowe I have not seen. 

How goes on your Boy, not murder' d I hope with little 

Oubli by the Ould Hill Cob. I dehver'd your Remembrance 

to Peacocke, who was well pleased and told me in the 

Course of the day that Ireland could supply Two Million 

of Men to the Army and Navy without missing a Man ! 

"What? not miss one Man, Peacocke?" "No! not one 

Man, I give you My Oath ! " We have had dreadful 

weather here the last ten days. The Coast cover' d with 

wreck. I had some thoughts of going to Ireland, but 

these horrors are so discouraging that I think I shall quietly 

return into Staffordshire in about a fortnight. I suppose 

that by that time they will be thinking of moving from 

home, but where to I know not. My father of course 

wants to go to Town, my Mother of course has a horror 

of it. The Surrender of Beau Desert, I fancy, they both 

begin to think was a grand mistake in Politicks. I wonder 

whether the King of Prussia will commit a similar one 

with regard to Colberg and Grandenitz. If He does, woe 

betide Him, and if He does not, I fear woe betide him. 

Believe me ever most affectionately yours, E. P. 

Sir Harry Fetherstone 

Octr 21st, 1 81 1. 

My Dear Arthur, — I must inquire how the little boy 
is going on, how you are yourseh etc. It seems a long 
time since I had the pleasure of hearing about these matters. 
After all that rain, what dehghtful weather since ! which I 
have been enjoying in my usual mode, that of lounging, 
for I have hardly used my gun except to kill a few young 
pheasants for Lady Sefton, It is not quite so bad a year 


for them below the hill as Barton announced, and Eames 
thinks it better than the last with him, but as the hedge- 
row shooting in autumn depends upon a productive season 
(at least to have it in perfection), I don't Uke a. less Hvely 
thing than usual. Charles is certainly out of luck this 
should happen a.d. 181 1, and I infinitely more regret it 
on his account than my own, for I really can amuse myself 
very well without that incessant discharge of field-pieces 
so essential to all fashionable sportsmen of the present 
generation. Charles and Mrs. Paget with the children have 
been at E. Bourne these ten days, they talked of returning 
about this time, but certainty is not the order of the day. 
You was probably prepared for Ld Wellington's dispatch 
as well as myself, non-obstant the depositions of Captains 
and Gentlemen just landed. The same humbug will go on 
to the end of the chapter : what or when that will be I 
know not, but I know what it will not be. The Prince is 
expected at Brighton this week, and report says for the 
purpose of a military tour, and a visit to Portsmouth. If 
he be determined not to be out-dune by Napoleon, I would 
recommend him to read the fable of the ox and the frog. 
The Whigs expect to be left in the lurch ; will he also play 
the Irish the same trick ? Tho' these things are of as httle 
importance to mc as possible, they are nevertheless objects 
of curiosity, and in that respect there can hardly be a more 
interesting time to live in than the present. The New- 
market meetings have been hitherto flat ; large parties 
and deep Whist at Cheveley^; Brummell and Alvanley 
the losers. I never hear or read of these grand parties, 
which are represented as ahnost a chef d'ceuvre for Aladdin's 
lamp, that I don't hug myself on not being one of them. 
I am amusing myself with beginning " my reminiscences 
pendant un sejour de 35 ans dans ce qu'on appelle le grand 
monde : " but they shall not be pubHshed till after my 
exit. Brighton is full in all ways, for it is full of expecta- 
tion of the Prince's presence ; many are in waiting already 
for their respective Chiefs, Mrs. Carey * of the number. 
My neighbour. General Hugonin, who has been passing 
three or four days here, says that in his regiment (the 
4th Dragoons) they have but 300 eftective horses, tho' 
none have been lost in action. Yet Government with all 

1 Cheveley near Newmarket, then belonged to the Duke of Rutland. 
- A chire amie of the Duke of York, 

220 " OU PEUT ON ETRE MIEUX ? " [ch. hi 

these facts staring them in the face will persevere in the 
contest. One might use that beautiful Apostrophe of 
Charles Fox's " Oh ! Cervantes etc." 

My kindest regards to Lady Augusta. Has the little 
girl got Bony dandling the King of Rome ? a kind of paste- 
board toy, quite capital ! Yours ever, 

H. Fetherstone. 

Sir Harry Fetherstone 

27th [Oct. ?], 1811. 
My Dear Arthur, — Our letters must have met chemin 
faisant, but tho' I have so lately exhausted all my little 
store of prose, I will express my satisfaction on your having 
come to some decision with regard to West Lodge. I 
know of no case where uncertainty is attended with more 
unpleasant inconveniences than in that of residence. The 
difficulty of making any purchase to your mind would 
always have been great, and much more is to be done after- 
wards, before all necessary appendages can be completed, 
independent of the great expence attached to a general 
move. West Lodge is a place you like, and certainly a 
dehghtful spot ; you have already expended much there 
in fixtures and done much to make the living rooms ex- 
tremely comfortable. If therefore Ld Rivers will insure 
a term to you, and you can obtain the additional quantity 
of land you wish for, " oil petit on etre mieux ? " He ought 
to do this, but will bear reminding on the subject, as I 
have hinted before. When the term of years is certain, 
any improvements you may wish to make will be entered 
upon with infinitely more pleasure and alacrity, and (his 
Lordship furnishing certain materials as he ought) com- 
pleted at less expence. In not looking forward beyond 
your own life in a country residence I can see no room for 
regret, as the means will equally remain for making such 
provision, as any other view of the subject might require, 
but en attendant you lose no time in obtaining something 
to a degree permanent. Lord Rivers must agree to make 
it so, before my argument will hold good. As for laughing 
at your eagerness in following up any thing which can gain 
your attention, I should be much more hkely to envy it, 
had I not now a reasonable portion of it myself. The 
magvitude of a concern is by no means necessary for that 
purpose, very often militates against it as involving more 


of anxiety than is consistent with pleasure and amusement. 
Therefore I can not wish you more substantial comfort than 
increased interest in all home pursuits, which most effect- 
ually drive away ennui, and create those resources alone 
to be depended upon. We have both seen enough of 
those in the grand monde not to set much permanent value 
upon them. Do you mean another letter from P. to Mr. 
Lowe ? You showed me one certainly strong enough as 
far as expressing the different view he entertained upon the 
subject in question. Has Lord U. no recollection of his 
intentions towards you, for they would speak most forcibly ? 
It is quite unnecessary for me, I trust, to assure that I am 
a safe person. Charles is not yet returned : he is not 
yet bit with home. I know nothing more of Grandees : 
" sufficient unto the day etc." Lady Sef ton's recovery 
is going on rapidly. They come here the end of next month 
at all events, and / hope will help me out with the others. 
The Regent is expected at Brighton and Portsmouth ; if 
ever he should pay a visit here again, P. will indeed show 
his influence, for my enemies, God help them, have been 
great and numerous. Nothing however will ever again 
draw me from retirement. If I am not to ask you for this 
year, remember I may for the next ; therefore after the 
expiration of 181 1 I shall not cease to propose it for your 
consideration with a view to my own gratification, which 
may, I trust, be met without the slightest desagremeni 
to Lady Augusta, yourself, or the young ones. My kindest 
regards under that expectation. I rejoice in the account 
you give of the little fellow, and shall expect Oubli to call 
me by my long name when we meet. I have despatched 
2 brace of pheasants to-day to Uxbridge House, but fear 
they are not of this year. The Scarboroughs are at Bath, 
for his spasms of course. I have not shot above two 
days from having other occupations. Ihe rain is tre- 
mendous. Yours ever, 

H. F. 

Ho^t. Berkeley Paget 

Eastbourne, lOth Now, 181 1. 

My Dear Arthur, — You will see by the enclosed that 
your Property has not at present been reported to the 
Treasury as arrived, consequently no order can have been 
issued for its Release from the Custom House. Harrison 
will be sure not to neglect doing every thing proper, when 

222 THE REGENT AGAIN [ch. hi 

the necessary communication from the Foreign Office 
reaches the Treasury, at which Place you see Ben now 
holds his Council. He takes possession of our Board Room 
— because it is hung with Crimson Damask, and there is a 
large carved and gilt Chair elevated two feet from the 
Ground, in which he deposits his Great Back- side. 

You see how he has been amusing himself at Brighton. 
I fancy his whole soul is wrapped up in Hussar Saddles, 
Caps, Cuirasses, and Sword-Beits. Isn't he quite childish ? 
What new whim has he got into his head now ? Didn't you 
see that he dismiss'd each Horse with a " tap of his Cane " ? 
He has heard that that is a German, or Prussian, Custom, 
or some Nonsense of that kind. What a Pity it is that 
you are not a Hussar now. You would be in high favour 
again, now that Rage is upon him. On the return of 
common sense he will perhaps find out that your Head 
may be of some use to him. I wish he had it now. Pray 
tell me if you have read " Leckie's Historical Survey," 
and if you have, what your opinion of the Book is. I 
you have not, pray get it. I have been poring over it till 
I am almost crazy. I know he is call'd visionary, chimerical, 
and mad — but there is, I think, much Method in his Mad- 
ness. He sits with me in London for hours together and 
I am always most gratified with his Conversation and 
Remarks. This may perhaps make me think more favor- 
ably of his Book. Being no Politician, and quite ignorant 
of the different relations of Foreign Courts, I am to be sure 
a bad judge of a Work of such a nature, and therefore wish 
much to have your opinion, who are so conversant in such 
intricate aftairs. Pray let me hear from you. 

I go tomorrow towards Ramsgate, which I shaU not 
reach till Wednesday or Thursday, as I mean to stop a day 
or two at Dover to have a look at the Privateers, which, 
I see by every day's Newspaper, are hovering about that 
Coast. Thank God, the Duke of Clarence has taken his 
departure. I am however apprehensive of being made 
sick by the sight of Mr. W. Pole ^ sighing for Miss Long. 

Adieu, our kind Love to Augusta. Excuse this dry 
composition and believe me most affly yrs, 


^ Mr. William Wellesley-Pole married Miss Tylney-Long, the great 
heiress of that day, after she was said to have refused the hand of the 
Duke of Clarence. 

i8ii] HOOPING-COUGH 223 

Gen. Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

Plas Newydd, i4<A Novr, 181 1. 

My Dear Good Arthur, — I have indeed been a sad long 
time in your debt, and I doubt not you will be somewhat 
amazed to find my letter with the above date. It was my 
Intention to have been in Staffordshire a fortnight ago, 
but my poor lad has had so bad a cough that I have been 
delayed, and am only now preparing to move in conse- 
quence of the Doctors being of opinion that change (of 
air) may be beneficial. On Saturday or Sunday I propose 
to set off, and where upon Earth do you suppose to ? To 
London ! The fact is, that it has been suggested that ii 
may possibly be the Hooping-Cough now, tho' the Doctor 
denies it ; still the Doctor may be wrong and at all Events 
under the Circumstances it is out of the question to go 
within breathing distance of Houses full of Children. Ac- 
cordingly to London I must go, and subsequently to Sur- 
biton, if the Hooping-Cough is confirmed. Pleasant ! I 
hope your young ones and your old one too keep clear of 
all ailments, for if you have not better nerves than I have, 
they make sad Havoc on the Spirits. It has never ceased 
for six weeks to rain, and to blow until this moment, and 
it is now snowing. My Father and Mother leave Plas Newydd 
on Monday. I return you Lowe's Letter, many thanks for 
the Perusal. The Subject is too deep for me to enter upon 
at present in a Snow-Storm — heart sick — and anticipating 
Welsh roads, Welsh Inns and Uxbridge House in the month 
of November. Ever most affectionately yrs, E. P. 

Duke of Argyll Saturday, [181 1.] 

We have in Family 17 Men and Women including Stable 
people, Laundry-Maids &c. who cost in Wages and Board 
Wages, as per list with names and sums before £1210.14.8. 
Servants' Clothes, Hats, lace, buttons &c as 
per account ...... 

Three Coach horses & one Saddle horse . 

An extravagant allowance of a Dinner for four 

each day £1 per head ..... 

v^oais ........ 

Wine ........ 

Leaving for my Clothes and washing 

and leaving Caroline's income untouched. 












224 A SAD STATE OF THINGS [ch. hi 

I know that there are a few articles omitted, but then 
I think I have overcharged many things particularly 
Dinners, and I know I have more servants than are abso- 
lutely necessary for any purpose — we shall always travel 
with our own horses. . . . 

I am determined to be beforehand with yr Calculations, 
so send off this rough idea of our future proceedings. About 
Monday week you shall have more detailed account. I 
saw P., but all that he had to say I was aware of. However 
we shook hands, and were very glad to see each other. . . . 
Adieu. Ever yrs, 


Note.' — As we are trying Housekeeping some saving may 
be expected here. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Fair Oak, [Nov.] i8ii. 

My good and excellent dear fellow, your letter I received 
yesterday did not give me a pleasant feel. Sometimes 
one does get a Letter, the purport of which preys upon 
the mind the rest of the day, and that effect your few lines 
produced. Another of the same cast from old Ned estab- 
lished my vapours for the day. His was an account of our 
poor old Father, whom he described to be in a state of 
depression such as he had never known his spirits to have 
reached. That with a degree of irritation and restlessness 
with an incessant desire to remove from Plas Newydd had 
greatly vexed and perplexed my mother, and old Ned's 
account was therefore altogether as dreary as could well 
be imagined, for he I fear rightly judges that it is not only 
the desire to quit Wales to go to Bath, but . . . What a dread- 
ful reflection ! The part of your Letter which annoyed 
me was an allusion to Paget, whose Letter to Lowe you 
described to be so totally at variance with your wishes, and 
interests, and so entirely on the contrary friendly to his 
own. This is therefore a sad state of things. 

A Parent in a state of decrepitude which precludes his 
justly estimating the impoverished state, in which he will 
leave us all, and an elder Brother, from whom we have no 
reason to expect a more favorable state of circumstances, 
when he comes into the possession of the family property. 
This is not cheering, not, and I shall not be surprized to 
hear from you, since you have received so unsatisfactory a 


Letter from Lowe, that you have adopted the course you 
had in contemplation of appeahng to my father, before 
it is too late. For the Month I was inseparable from Paget 
he avoided any allusion whatever either to yours, or my 
finances, tho' he did not observe the same hne about the 
extravagances and enormous expenditure of the Heads of 
the family, of which he occasionally bitterly complained. 
It would have been of no use for me to have said, " It's 
very true, Paget, they do swag away — that's certain, but 
you have had your full share of it, and have lately, that 
is within these two years, cost my father from Thirty to 
Forty Thousand Pounds, and therefore you have no right 
to complain of their extravagances." If, my old Boy, I 
had said that, I should have said what is true, but no 
good would have been obtained, on the contrary hann, and 
therefore all I did was to listen to these occasional confi- 
dential harangues. It at this instant occurs to me that 
he did once allude to us by stating to me that at one of the 
financial discussions at Plas Newydd in the presence of Ld 
and Ly Uxbridge, and Sanderson, it was resolved that the 
interest was not to be receiv'd from us for the last Loan, 
which will make to you a difference of iz50, and £150 
to me annually. That's just something. 

Paget is now totally and entirely in Aylmer's hands, and 
from my knowledge of the disposition of that man, espe- 
cially in regard to his Idea of the whole mass of the immense 
concern being absorbed entirely by the heir to it, I should 
very much fear that a permanent accommodation to us 
would by his, as well as the advice and influence of his 
coadjutor, meet with successful opposition. 

Ayhner has absolutely possession of Paget. His opinion 
of him is that no other Man could have retrieved the family 
from positive Bankruptcy, and you may rely upon it, if he 
does not possess it already, he soon will possess an uncon- 
trolled Government over the whole estabhshment. 

Sanderson,* poor fellow, is sadly chapfallen, httle short 

» Sanderson, hitherto Lord Uxbridge's confidential agent and adviser, 
now supposed himself to be superseded by " the Admirals " — Aylmer and 
another, whose name does not transpire — but Edward Paget wrote later, 
" Sanderson has been playing the spoilt child a Uttle, . . . All is amicably 
adjusted. Sanderson succeeds Carey with £600 per ann. . . . Aylmer 
as general land-agent. My Father very wisely washes his hands of 
the whole concern, and Paget takes upon himself the whole trouble. It 
has been a damd squabble and as in all squabbles all parties wrong." 

226 DIFFICULTIES [ch. hi 

of broken hearted. The last thing I did was to give him 
some friendly advice, and to assure him of my undiminished 
regard and friendship for him. Expressions had fallen 
from Paget, which had wounded him more than all the 
other vexations put together, but he had, I believe, by his 
own disposition to view things in an unfavourable point 
of view, exaggerated to me what had passed between Paget 
and himself. Tho' I beheve it bad enough. ... C. P. 

Lord Paget 

. . ., 1811. 

My Dear Arthur, — I have received yours and Charles' 
joint letter which is everything that could be wished. I 
discharge a most painful duty in frankly stating to you my 
opinion of the situation of Affairs. I think them almost 
desperate and that nothing but general good management 
and steadiness can retrieve them. One or two facts will 
prove to you that I have reason for what I say. Oppressed 
as this property is by debt, it was determined if possible 
to scramble on without further loans. As however not 
one guinea of the Xmas rents was left it was found necessary 
in order to obtain a little money for the supply of the 
butcher and baker at Ux. House to order an immediate 
sale of timber and to get the bills discoimted ! ! ! Within 
a few days of this decision, such representations were made 
of your difficulties, of Charles', of my own and of my 
father's that a Loan became necessary, and I abruptly 
announced it, as I believe I described to you. Well — that 
very night an advertisement appeared announcing the sale 
by auction of a fee-farm Rent-Charge upon the Uxbridge 
Estates — a burden which it has long been in contemplation 
to get rid of if possible. Thus within a fortnight after the 
most rigid determination not to borrow, did it become 
necessary to borrow £44,000 ! ! ! Now it wd be really 
most comfortable if we cd all have our money without 
pa^dng for it, but can it be proposed ? My father is actually 
exceeding his Income. By Sanderson's Calculations there 
will this very year be a deficit of £11,000. Unless therefore 
some means is found of reducing the Casualties (by which 
is meant expenses unforeseen) it requires no conjuring to 
discover what will be the end of all this. I have been 
talking to Edward about it — he seems safe and above 
water — I wish I could have seen you and Charles. It is so 

i8ii] "DIABLE M'EMPORTE" 227 

easy to talk, so difficult to write. I would have run down, 
but I have not de quoi payer les chcvaux de poste — diahle 
m'emporte — In the meantime I am open to any suggestion, 
plan, or contrivance that you may be incHned to make. 
The true way is to look difficulties in the face with com- 
posure and good humour and always to know the worst. 
Do not in despair or in haste break up an establishment, 
or lay down anything of consequence, but quietly consider 
what is best to be done, and above all engage Charles to a 
very minute investigation of his outgoings and his means. 
One grand faihng with us all (besides extravagance) has 
been the not getting our money's worth. For myself I 
am most free to confess that I hrmly believe a good manager 
wd have lived with half my expence much more honorably, 
creditably and comfortably, than I have done. You seem 
to be doing better, but Charles has, I fear, httle more to 
boast of than myself. I think we had better club estabhsh- 
ments for a year, hire a barrack, and place ourselves under 
Graves for instruction. Indeed my dear Arthur, the 
aspect of affairs is most serious. When I think of increasing 
families, of those that now exist growing up, of all the 
collateral branches, of probable, nay I may say, certain 
election contests, of the precariousness of mines, of a third 
generation nearly coming into play, when I think of all 
this and of much more that I have to think of, I own I 
am nervous, very nervous. In the meantime my income 
is reduced £2555 per annum ! I am living at the rate of 
about eight, and curse me if ever I have a dinner that 
Mr. Anybody would not be ashamed to sit down to ! My 
lady and I have just calculated that she has cost me £20,000 
for the ist divorce — £10,000 for the 2nd and £1000 a year 
for Her Grace — and I must admit I find her a good and 
cheap bargain, notwithstanding. I have just seen my 
father and Sanderson. I read your letter, with which 
he is pleased, but he seems perfectly firm in his deter- 
mination not to increase his difficulties. You will easily 
see by my former statement that, if he had the will, he really 
does not at present possess the means of giving the money, 
the loan of which he sanctions, and he is averse to adding 
to his present outgoings the interest upon the loan. 

He is gone on to Surbiton for the night and I think he 
looks remarkabl}^ well today. Adieu, my dear brothers — 


228 MR. ILLINGWORTH [ch. m 

Rev. G. Illingworth * 

TiDWORTH, [? 1811]. 

Dear Paget, — Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thurs- 
day of this ill-omened week have I dined with my honoured 
father-in-law,* and four more such dinners and evenings 
afterwards I hope not to experience for some time again 
— it is more than I can endure, and nothing but the dread 
that my spouse would be forbid seeing her sister could 
prevent my refusing ever again to enter the doors of so 
disagreeable a beast, he absolutely gets worse and worse. 
Thank Heaven he is off on Monday, and except for a few 
days at Easter, Tidworth sees no more of him till next 
September. . . . 

Rev. G. Illingworth 

Dantsey, Deer 3, 1811. 

Dear Paget, — . . . I passed three days of the last week 
and I am doing the same this week with my poor friend 
Ld P.* — he is very, very unwell, and labours under a 
complication of maladies ; still there seems to be such a 
strength of stamina that I shall not be surprized at his 
Ungering on for many years, his clearness of understanding, 
and natural cheerfulness, and good spirits continue in 
spite of his illness. I return home on Saturday, but pro- 
bably shall come to him again in the course of next week for 
a day or two. With regard to his wine I can only say 
that it is the very best I ever drank, he has had all the 
Claret near ten years in his cellar, the Madeira was all of 
his own importing and never in a Wine Merchant's hands, 
the Hermitage and Cote Rdtie bought by himself 25 years 
ago in France — in short, I don't suppose ever such a batch 
of wine was before offered for sale — that the whole might 
be preserved entire for sale, he did not permit himself 
to take any out of his cellar when he quitted the house ; 
and the Auctioneer even has not been in possession of the 
keys. Your brother Berkeley wrote to ask me if it was 
good enough for a man of his taste to purchase. I informed 

1 a neighbour of Sir A. P., with whom he made great friends after 
going to Hve at West Lodge. 

' Mr. Assheton Smith. 

3 The last Earl of Peterborough, the owner of Dantsey House, died 
in 1814. 


him, as I have done you, that it was genuine supernacu- 
tum [?] What think you of wine, Claret that is, seUing 
at about Eleven Guineas the dozen ? Ever yours truly, 


Hon. Berkeley Paget 

Ramsgatb, Dtcr. i^th, 181 1. 

I really ought sooner to have answered your Letters, 
my dear Arthur, but have till within two days been in 
perpetual motion for nearly a fortnight. In passing thro' 
London, I found that Culhng Smith was at Oatlands, I 
could therefore have no talk about your Effects. I really 
think you ought to apply to Bow Street. Tho' it is not 
exactly in their Line — you might at least be furnished 
with hints from Adkins as to the line of conduct you ought 
to pursue. If they are on board the H elder, good ! but 
the thing to dread is their being landed God knows where 
and rotting. You cannot I trust be much longer in suspense 
as Culling Smith will certainly on the return of the Helder 
apply to the Captain to know Vvhat he has done with them. 

Ben you see has at last returned to Town but to York 
House. x\'n't it strange that he can't live at his own House ; 
but must put the Duke and Duchess to the greatest possible 
inconvenience by occupying theirs? I suppose he thinks 
he can't do 'em a greater favour. As to Oatlands it was 
so crammed with his own Myrmidons that very few of the 
Duke's friends, who constituted the old Parties, could go 
there. The Rooms over his head too were thrown away, 
as he could not bear any noise above. His fat nerves were 
in such a state — his own servants had the best. But it is 
a great thing having got him out at last. 

You ask me how I manage my concerns in Norfolk being 
absent from them. So ill, that I am going to let the whole. 
I found the d — d pigs had got into my cole seed and played 
the devil with it, etc. We have proved Bentinck * a d — d 
villain — and nobody there will let him into their House, 
unless accompanied by Lady Frances. He might have 
bought us the land at one third cheaper ; but by way of 
raising the Value as he thought of his own — he put the 
Price on the Land, and told the Proprietors he would get 
them the money. Now tho' the land is, I am persuaded, 

* Admiral William Bentinck, 1764-18 13, married Lady Frances Pierre- 
pont, daughter of ist Earl Manvers. 


fully worth what we did give, for there is no finer any 
where, yet it was a " Knavish Piece of work" to make his 
own particular friends as he called us, set a value upon his 
Lands, by paying largely for their own. But his Tricks 
are numberless, his Lies without end, and every day brings 
to hght deeds of the most infamous nature. During my 
stay in Norfolk for the four days, we all compared notes, 
and no one speaks of him now but as " that rascal Bentinck." 

I am sorry to find the Oatbruiser is out of order — a 
communication with the Maker of it, I doubt not, would 
rectify it. I am glad Joe does not find fault with it — as 
you may then depend upon its being used. Nothing but 
being as obstinate as the fellows who find fault, will carry 
you thro'. That done, you'll hear no more of it. You 
never told me whether you decided upon a Cart or a Waggon, 
or whether you faced and burnt or merely ploughed up 
the piece of grass you intended to break up. I should be 
glad to know, when you send me a Hne. 

What a lamentable thing is the loss of the Saldanha 
and Talbot ! Tho' the gale was dreadful, I do think there 
must have been a bad look out, for the Captain was in 
his Nightcap, which looks as if he thought they were safe. 
A fellow would hardly have turned in, if he thought he was 
hkely to go ashore. I'm really sorry for Lady Wellington * 
and the remaining Brother whom I know intimately. 
Longford was with me the other day. 

Mr Walsh, the M.P., is a nice fellow — the same sort of 
thing will be Bentinck's Lot some of these days. I was 
quite sorry that I could not meet Charles the other day, as 
he passed thro' Town. I had overstayed my leave of 
Absence some days and had I remained some days longer 
in Town — I. should have disappointed my Wife — therefore 
I abandoned the Project. 

Can you foresee what is to be done at the Meeting of 
Parliament ? or at the removal of the Restrictions ? I 
own Pm lost in conjecture — not that I often trouble my 
head about it, but the Prince is so whimsical that one cannot 
help sometimes calculating a little, tho' it is quite impossible 
to come to any conclusion. I think however that he is 
keeping quiet with Perceval etc. to lull their suspicion and 

* Her 4th brother, Hon. Wm. Pakenham, R.N,, was lost at sea oa 
this occasion. 


that when he can he will have a grand smash. I look 
forward with some Dismay to the beginning of his Career. 
He'll think more of rebuilding Palaces and establishing 
his Retinue than things of greater importance — and that 
won't do. The Cavalry, I'm told, the Hussars perhaps 
excepted, are amazingly disgusted with his new Chops 
and Changes of Dress, which I hear are abominable. What 
is to become of us ? Our Love to Augusta. The Boy I 
hope is perfectly well, God bless you. Most affly, 



Col. Addenbrooke 

35 L. Grosvr St., Janry 1st. 18 12. 

A happy New Year to you, my dear Sir Arthur, the 
same to Lady Augusta and that many of such may be in 
store for you, is the sincere wish of my heart. 

I heard with great concern long since of the accident 
that has befallen you once more by Powder. The Reverend 
Champagne first told me of it, and afterv^^ards I had it 
from the General ; I would have made my condolence 
by letter, but as that would not heal a wound, I was wise, 
as I fancy, in not adding my Bore to your Misfortune, I 
had hopes that Experience would — but I say nothing, 
only I grieved for the accident, and I sincerely hope 
for your perfect recovery, tho' an account I heard from 
sparrow yesterday is not quite so flattering to my wishes 
as I expected, but I will pray for your speedy amend- 
ment, as also for your having in future an increased Stock 
of prudence. 

I am brought to town by a letter received a week since 
from Sir Wm. Beresford, stating to me that poor Coleman * 
was at Lisbon in a state that gave not the smallest hopes 
of his recovery, and as he knew of the transaction that 
had been going on between us, he gave me the earliest 
notice for the chance of my availing myself of early infor- 
mation. Yesterday came another letter from the Marshal 
announcing the death of my poor friend on the 12th ulto. 
I have seen old Coleman often and dined with him and 
Lord Geo. Se3nTiour since the first accounts were received, 
and miserable indeed he was, as also the rest of the family. 
Hitherto nothing has passed between Coleman and me 

1 Brigadier-General Coleman, serjeant-at-arms of the House of Com- 
mons, died in Portugal, December 12th, 181 1. 


1812-17] THE MACE 233 

relative to any effort to be made for my project of bearing 
the Mace. I had concluded that all was over, and that 
Lord Jno Thynne would have the appointment in his gift, 
but I am told the reverse, in that case Coleman will doubt- 
less make efforts with the Prince thro' Lord Hertford to 
have the naming a Successor, in which case I may still 
hope for Success, for the terms he would expect, and 
those I should come into, will to a certainty accord. This 
however is speculative. There may be some more for- 
tunate and favored Subject,' meantime I shall remain in 
Town to try the results. All I have to request of you 
and Lord Paget (to whom I take the freedom of addressing 
a letter) is that if you have no object of your own to pro- 
pose, that in the event of a Ballot you will distinguish 
me by a white rather than a Black Ball. You must lay 
yr account with receiving intelligence of my approaches, or 
retreat, from St. Stephen's, so far you must submit to the 
Bore, but for reply to any such epistles I relieve you in 
toto, unless during my stay in Town (for a Week certain) 
I can execute any Commission for you or Lady Augusta, 
to whom I beg my humble respects may be presented. 

Lady Pitt remains precisely as she was, sees nobody, 
even Lord Rivers is refused admittance, and I am some- 
times four days without seeing her, but as matters of 
business will occur, I do occasionally see her. She falls 
av/ay, but her pulse is good and she is without fever, 
nor is there any reason to think otherwise (by Jackson's 
account) but that she may live on for these ten years to 

Mrs. Howe is better than she was last year. The Monday 
before yesterday she was at the Play, and again last night 
to see "Jane Shore." She is a prodigy. Lord and Lady 
Chas. Bentinck are at the Parsonage, and have been there 
for the last two months. I lent it them whilst their house 
Ragmore (Tyndale's that was) was fitting up for them and 
which they have taken for 7 years. They will now be 
in it after few days. 

Gwynn you find (by the paper perhaps) gets Sheerness 
Govt vacant by Craig's death, and Ross, 17th Lt Ds, gets 
his Regt. Lord Harrington comes from Ireland, and is 

1 The vacancy was filled by Col. Seymour. 

2 Lady Pitt lived seven years longer, dying in 1819 in her eighty-sixth 


relieved by Sir Jno Hope in consequence, a Brevet removes 
Floyd next in Commd, and Generals Wynyard (Henry) 
and Sir Chas. Asgyll have had to come to England to visit 
their estates. This is not minded, as a particular Officer 
is wanted for that Service, which, as I am told, he would 
have been glad to have avoided. 

I have now said my say — your say I hope will be as mild 
as possible if Bore escape your lips, for in truth I am ever 

J. P. Addenbrooke. 

Mrs. Howe and Lady Pitt wanted to write to the Prince, 
this I would not allow. 

Hon. Berkeley Paget 

Ramsgate, Janry 2nd, 18 12. 

My Dear Arthur, — My brains have been so frozen up 
by the late cold weather, that I really did not think it fair 
upon you to give you the trouble of reading a very dull 
epistle, which however this must be, as I am not yet thawed. 
I could not let the enclosed go without writing a few lines. 
It reached me this morning, and I think I detect the 
" character " of Mrs. George Leigh, who once wrote a 
recipe for a Pudding for me, which rivals the Angel. Ain't 
you sorry Williams^ hung himself ? I suspect we shall 
not get his accomplices. Our Police is certainly faulty. 
I immediately exclaimed on hearing of the Murders that 
at Paris they would have had the villains the next day. 
Your observation to the same effect confirms me. M. 
de Sartine would have nabbed him. I forget who the 
Police Intendant is now at Paris. 

I own I had that faith in Bentinck that I disregarded the 
cautions I received from several Quarters. I could not 
suspect him of being so profound a Villain. Knowing us 
all so well for so many years, I could not imagine him 
capable of such infamous conduct. Unwilling to attribute 
to him unworthy Motives I was the last to admit them, 
till I could no longer attempt to deceive myself. His 
deceits were at last palpable, his tricks discovered, and I 
am now endeavouring to get out of the Scrape as well as 
I can. I am in great hopes of being able to sell without 

1 A series of " horrid murders," described in the Annual Register for 
December 181 1, excited " horror and alarm throughout the Metropolis " ; 
one Williams, arrested on strong suspicion, hanged himself in prison. 

1812-17] "OLD CYRIL" 235 

loss. I would even endure some to wash my hands of 
the concern. To live near him would be intolerable. I 
could not do it without Atkins and Mr. Mann in the House 
But I won't trouble you any longer with my grievances. 
Such deeds as these from such quarters would in time 
make one quite misanthropic. I wish to Heaven I could 
establish myself in the Country free from Parliament and 
Place. The latter however is now to me of the greatest 
consequence. It is not to be told the regret I feel at being 
obliged to return to London. I never pass one moment of 
real comfort there. Every thing conspires to make one 
uneasy and dissatisfied with oneself and every body else. 
Considering I told you just now I would release you from 
my grievances, I think I have given you a pretty Dose. 
One has certainly a great propensity to disemburden one's 
Mind to a Person who will enter into one's feelings, and I 
feel as if I could go on for an hour to you. 

I most sincerely hope that your Plan with Ld Rivers 
may succeed. It is a delightful one, and would give you 
one of the most enviable Spots I ever set foot upon. It 
will be such a comfort too, to feel that your Expences 
will have been so advantageously incurr'd. Pray let me 
know as soon as anything is settled. Most heartily do I 
wish you success. 

Think of poor Coleman. His family will be dreadfully 
afflicted. They looked upon him almost as a Deity. How 
cursed savage Legge will be that he did not get the Bishopric. 
He has been straining every Nerve to accomplish his Purpose 
for several years. Will Jackson ^ will make the whole 
Bench drunk. It will rejoice the cockles of old Cyril's * 
heart. Ben will make the most of it, and congratulate 
himself on his Sagacity and well timed attention to his 
old Tutor. I suppose the general Orders about Laces, 
Epaulettes, Feathers &c. &c. did not escape your Observa- 
tion. An officer of the 23rd Lt Dragoons, who is here, 
tells me that the new Uniform and appointments, which 
they are to provide themselves with, will cost them about 
£300. There is not an article of their present Uniform 
&c. that will be convertible to any purpose whatsoever, 

1 Cyril Jackson was Dean of Christ Church; liis brother WilUam was 
made Bishop of Oxford, as " an offering of respect by the Prince- Regent 
to his old tutor " Cyril, " who refused to accept of that dignity." — Annual 
Register, 181 2. 

236 COL. ADDENBROOKE [ch. iv 

all of them too having been new and altered on their Return 
from Spain last year. One of the Men was the other day 
dress'd out in a Pattern Jacket &c. just sent down to the 
Regiment, and upon being turned loose in the Barrack 
was hooted and quizzed by the Men with " Who's that 
damned Frenchman ? " Pleasant ! You may depend 
upon it there'll be a Row. The officers grumble very 
much, and when that is the Case, the Men are very apt to 
follow their example. 

He'll alter the cut of the Bishops' Wigs next by assem- 
bling a Board at Lambeth Palace composed of his own 

Upon my word I'm ashamed of myself for being so 

prosy. Yrs most affly, 

^ ^ B. Paget. 

Col. Addenhrookc 

Parsonage, {Jan.'\ 1812. 

Dear Sir Arthur,— Your letter of the 3d Inst pleased, 
gratified, and obliged me in the extreme— first, because the 
account I had received from Sparrow of the lingers proves 
unfounded, and am made truly happy to learn that all 
five are so able to obey your Orders : 2nd, I am gratified 
by your good Wishes for my success in Obtaining the charge 
of The Mace,^ not to repeat the ability you suppose me 
capable of in performing the duties of that office with 
Credit and reputation ; we'll say no more on that subject, 
but generally as to my success the Cat in H — 11 has as good 
a Chance as me ; were the appt to produce about £500 a 
year I might be induced by the flattery of such friends a.F, 
yourself to suppose that I might be considered as a Candi- 
date with prospects of success not ill founded — this on the 
supposition that the Prince knew of all that had passed 
between poor Coleman and me ; but alas, when I reflect 
on the full amount of the Income, £2,300, the Mace vanishes 
before me hke " The Fabrick of a Vision," and leaves not a 
hope behind it. I say " 'Tis gone," tho' I know not yet 
who will be preferred, be him whom he may, he shall have 
my good wishes with the bargain, which will not cost me 
a pang. " All's for the best," I feel persuaded. Therefore 
I am content, and without the trouble of turning over the 
Great Book to see what Comforts St. Paul gives to the 

1 The office of Serjeant-at-Arms in the House of Commons. 

1812-17] DUKE OF KENT 237 

troubled in mind. I have no occasion, for mine is, and 
has been perfectly comfortable — as to old Coleman, whoever 
succeeds will have to pay him the emoluments of the office 
for his Life, which indeed is a bad one. I have not seen 
him to deliver your Message of Condolence, but I shall 
be in Town again Monday, when I will acquaint him with 
your early request to me, which was delayed for want of 
opportunity. You shall have the reason why I would not 
allow the Sisters * to write to the Prince ; Mrs. Howe 
waited till I came to Town, and then desired me to pen such 
a letter as she might copy. I threw cold water upon their 
writing under such circumstances. If I had written it 
would have been, "Our Friend Adden. feels himself unable 
to propose any just claim to expect from your Royal 
Highness that he should succeed to the office in St. Stephen's 
Chapel, vacant by the death of B. Genl Coleman, but if 
your Royal Highness will appoint him to the Office, we 
think we can swear to his feeling himself very highly 
obhged " ; to this effect my conscience would have sub- 
mitted, but, as such an epistle was not likely to produce 
the desired effect, I was obliged to decline in Toto, rather 
than point out virtues, and good qualities ideal in their 
minds, only perhaps so. 

On Monday I go to Town again, not after the Mace, 
but to carry my Godson (a Peche Mortel of my friend 
Gordon's) to school at Guildford, we make a halt in Town 
that he may see the Lions at The Tower, and elsewhere, as 
also the Elephants at the Play House — he is a fine fellow 
of 6 years old — but wise. Lord Rivers is really quite 
well ; he came from Lascelles' (near Winchester) on Thurs- 
day evening, and yesterday West and me dined with him, 
he sang Scotch songs to us from the time we took our 
coffee till we went away, very pleasant and very amusing ; 
this day he is off for Town taking Windsor in his way, 
where (if he is not pressed by the Royals to stay longer) 
he will only stay an hour— you find he is retained about 
the King.' Lady Pitt is suffering, not pain, but from 
irritation, so that I have not seen her these three days, 

1 Lady Pitt and Mrs. Howe, daughters of the 2nd Viscount Howe, 
whose wife. Baroness Kielmansegge, was a natural daughter of King 
George I, a relationship acknowledged by the Royal Family. 

■■* Lord Rivers was a lord-in-waiting, or, as they were then called, lord 
of the bedchamber, to King George IH. 


and Lord K. [?] not at all for upwards of 4 Months; he 
has a miserable life of it, but not likely to end soon, either 
in the way of comforts, or by death. 

Ld and Lady Charles ^ have taken possession of Ragmore 
a fortnight since. I wish they may find it answer their 
expectations, but I much fear otherwise ; neither of them 
have been used to the country, nor have any of their ser- 
vants been in the habits of wants, which without foresight, 
and so distant as we are from a Town, must ever be the 
case ; they are very pleasant, and I hope they may make it 
answer, tho' I much doubt it. I left town Monday last, I 
had intended it for Friday, but an Invitation I received from 
the Duke of Kent to dine, sleep, and depart Sunday morn- 
ing after breakfast (dining with him Saty) I felt so pointed 
civil, that I could not dechne, and indeed I was much 
pleased with my reception at Castle Hill,* as also with the 
Improvements H.R.H. has made on the Premises, and 
which must have cost him much money. 

You may perhaps read in the paper the death of Mrs. 
Jackson ; she was sent this day to Fareham to be buried, 
she died rather suddenly, she proves a great loss to our 
Esculapo. You wiU also have read the death of a Mr 
Lefevre, Mrs Shaw Lef.'s uncle, by which accident they 
get an acquisition of fortune of some 4 or 5 Thousands a 
year, so that there's no heart breaking in that quarter. 

You find Sir John Hope appointed to succeed Ld Har- 
rington in Ireland, no fitter man certainly ; he goes malgrS 
lui, he wrote to my friend Gordon offering to continue him 
as his secretary, but Gordon has declined, tho' no man 
stands higher in his opinion than does Hope. My friend 
is wise, he sees a storm brewing in that quarter, that 'tis 
not desirable to meet. My opinion is, . that Govt are 
driving purposely the people of that country into Rebellion ; 
they see that if the Catholic question is not carried for 
them, that Rebellion will be the order of the day ; if it 
should be carried, then will it be considered a compulsory 
act, and it will encourage them to fresh demands, repeal 
of the Union-act would foUow immediately, and lastly a 
Govt of their own. If such is the opinion of Ministers, 

1 Lord Charles Bentinck married in 1 808 Georgiana Augusta Frederica 
Seymour, " a lovely creature," who was supposed to be the daughter of 
the Prince of Wales and Mrs. Elliot. She died in 1813, aged thirty-one. 

2 The Duke of Kent's villa at Ealing. 

i8i2-i7] A COLD JANUARY 239 

(which I am apt to beUeve is the case), then had they better 
meet the evil in its infancy, and with the CathoHc question 
alone, than afterwards with the Protestant part of the 
community joined for the Repeal etc., in short I fancy 
confusion there at hand, and we had better meet it now. 
So at least sports the opinion of a wretch (as a Pohtician), 
but one who is ever most unalterably, dear Sir Arthur, your 
truly faithful and obliged 

J. P. Addet^. 

You may as well read my Cock-and-Bull story as the 
one you find in your newspapers. 

I beg my best respects and best wishes may be pre- 
sented to Lady Augusta ; you may depend on seeing me, 
when the session is over. Mrs Howe thanks you a Thousand 
times, but begs you v-on't send her any more of the sweet 
wine ; she scarcely ever dines at home, and therefore it 
would be lost, this she desired me to say to you with her 
warm and aflectionate regards to you, and Lady Augusta, 
entertaining a hope that she may live to see you both again, 
and well. 

Sir Harry Fetherstone 

Uppark, J any gth, 1812. 

My Dear Arthur, — Quel temps ! I never remember so 
severe a beginning, whatever the end may be. Yet it is 
felt more in London, and then there is the comfort in 
campagne of not having to go out apres le repas. I feel 
much more obliged to Liigo Jones, who built this house, than 
to any of my ancestors who, poor souls (tho' they were 
probably as respectable as their contemporaries) knew no 
more of luxurious agrements than the Laplanders, and I 
might have been shivering in the old marble gothic hall 
at Fetherstone Castle with only the frigid sense of its 
antiquity. By degrees, as our climate advances in severity, 
we shall adopt the poele which is the only effectual remedy 
against it, and no meuble admits of more magnificence. I 
never suffered so much from cold (and then I was 36 years 
younger) as I did in the winter I passed in Italy, because 
no means are ever thought of to provide against such a 
season, which was very unusual and the Arno frozen over. 
The Regent will soon be in his stirrups without restrictions, 
or at least so modified as not much to impede his course. 
Puis nous verrons. He told Mrs. Fitzherbert some little 



time since that his two Pages, du Pasquier and Jouard, 
had seen me riding about the streets of London in disguise, 
broad-flapped hat, horse-man's coat, and immense whiskers 1 
He asserted it so roundly that she asked Day at Brighton 
if it was true ? This is extremely laughable, yet provoking ; 
because, ridiculously impossible as the lie is, he will make 
it go down under all circumstances to my disadvantage, 
which he never seems to have lost sight of, cher et sur ami 
qu'il est. 

I hear Charles is returned, and I meditate a walk to the 
Fair Oak either to-day or to-morrow. Delme and I take 
our guns every morning, and always have some fun. What 
do you think of his killing a gold pheasant yesterday by 
mistake ? Joseph Manton has also been here ; he killed 
a pied pheasant, and was very near killing me. You seem 
to have had very good sport at Beau Desert, considering 
that the eye of the master has been wanting for some time, 
for even a Barton without that can not be so efficient. I 
feel very sorry for the loss of your valuable library and 
papers ; by the report on the subject of the Minotaur 
I fear there is but little chance of recovery. It will give 
me the greatest pleasure to see you here again, for I had 
my doubts whether you would pass this way. As the 
Duke of Bedford has announced his intention of coming 
here towards the end of the month, I mean to regulate 
the battues accordingly, and expect very soon the time to 
be fixed. And believe me most truly and sincerely yours, 

H. Fetherstone. 

Hon. Berkeley Paget 

Treasury Chambers, Janry loth, 1812. 

My Dear Arthur, — Y'ou certainly never mentioned 
Pozzo di Borgo ^ to me. I shall immediately attend to 
your Recommendation. Your opinion of him, which by 
the by I did not want confirmed, corresponds exactly with 
that of my new Colleague, Mr. Richard Wellesley,^ who is 
acquainted with him, and speaks most highly of him. It 
would perhaps take away somewhat of the embarrassment 
of the first Literview between two Persons who never 
met, if you would furnish me with a Note of Introduction 

^ A native of Corsica, born 1768, now sent over as a confidential envoy 
of the Emperor Alexander, later his Ambassador in Paris and London. 
* A natural son of the Marquis Wellesley. 

1812-17] A YELLOW FOG 241 

to him, which I would deliver in Person. I shall feel most 
happy in paying him any Attention, and inviting him to 
partake of my humble Fare, which you are good enough to call 
Snug Dinners. I am happy to find out from R. Wellesley 
that he talks English, without which I should have been 
quite unable to have made my Acquaintance with him. 
I am sadly deficient in the art of attaining Languages. I 
really mean to study French sufficiently to read it, and 
understand it, when talked to — to speak it, I despair. I 
am too old and stupid. I know just enough to learn a 
little more soon. I want an occupation in this cursed 
Town, and that I think will be a useful one. 

We have one of those charming thick yellow Fogs, which 
obliged me to breakfast by candlelight this Morning. All 
the Shops were regularly lighted up in the Morning, and 
continued so. Pleasant ! I am now writing by candle- 
light at 3 o'clock. 

You must have seen in the Report of the Debate on the 
first Day what a grievance Burdett ^ made of the New 
Uniforms, and alterations. " Was there any thing in 
Whiskers," says he, " that makes a British Soldier more 
formidable, and is it to be conceived that they are to inspire 
awe by being dress'd up like Germans," and so he went on. 
I own I thought him right, though it was perhaps mis- 
placed on such an occasion. 

You certainly have the Talent of applying the best 
Quotations. Eugene would have made the same observa- 
tion no doubt on George P.R. The " Charles XII de Paix " 
is capital. 

I am hurried off to the H. of Commons to make a House. 
We Lords of the Treasury are paid for such Purposes. 
Jolly ! Most affly yrs, 

B. Paget. 

Duke and Duchess of Argyll ' 

Ardencaple, Jany xgth, 1812, 

My Dear Arthur, — As you probably heard of my illness, 
which confined me to my bed and Room for three Months, 
you will I know be glad to hear I am getting well, and 

1 Sir Francis Burdett, M.P., in those days a Radical, was the last 
person imprisoned in the Tower on a charge of treason. His youngest 
daughter was the late Baroness Burdett-Coutts. 

^ First and last paragraphs written by the Duchess, the second by 
the Duke. 

242 CAROLINE ARGYLL [ch. iv 

am thus far on our Road to the South, but as we do not 
travel many Miles per Day, I cannot pretend to say when 
we shall arrive in Town. In the mean time, if you have 
not quite forgot that two such persons exist, you may 
as well write a word and tell us how you do, what you are 
doing &c. and if there is any chance of meeting you in 
London this year. 

Well, my Dear Arthur, are you in the secret about 
Politics, and can you inform us what is to happen ? If 
you are, pray do tell us a little bit of the Mystery. There 
is one thing we are very sure of, and that every Gentleman 
must know, that nobody can say, he ^ [the Regent] ever 
forgot an old friend. I have nothing to tell you except 
that Caroline is much better, and in due time, as we travel 
with our own horses, we shall arrive in London. Adieu. 
Yrs ever, A. 

Pray, my dear Arthur, give my love to Augusta, and 
tell me many particulars about Oubly. I won't ask about 
the little Boy, for I expect you would tell me you had 
not yet looked at him. Your affte (late Sister) 

Caroline Argyll. 

Hon. Berkeley Paget 

PoRTMAN Street, Feby isi, 1812. 

My Dear Arthur, — I had not forgot your kind Invita- 
tion at Easter. It is my present Intention to put myself 
in a Mail Coach and pass a Week with you at that Time. 
There is, however, no knowing what may happen between 
this and then that may prevent my carrying my threat 
into execution. I own I look forward to executing the 
Project with the sincerest pleasure. 

Tho' I am perfectly satisfied that the Sums you have 
received for Reimbursements and Losses fall very far short 
of those you have expended, yet as others in the same 
situation have it in contemplation to say a few words on 
the Subject in the House of Commons, I thought it better 

1 It was expected that the Regent upon the expiration of his restricted 
powers would now call his ' ' old friends, ' ' the Whigs, to his councils. After 
lengthy pourparlers, however, the Tories remained in office. The Further 
Memoirs of the Whig Party, by the 3rd Lord Holland, 1905, contain details 
of these tortuous negotiations, conducted by the Regent in so cunning 
a fashion that not one of the statesmen concerned, Whig or Tory, was 
ever able to discover H.R.H.'s real wishes on the subject. 


to ask you, if you wished any thing to be said for you as 
Mr. Adair suggested the Idea. I own it did not occur to 
me that such a Step was necessary or advisable, as it might 
have been known by any body of the least recollection, the 
state of the Continent at the Time you was there and 
the very particular Circumstances of your being obliged to 
leave Vienna with the Emperor &c. Any body knowing 
this must be an Idiot to suppose that you could quit Vienna 
with as much ease and as little loss as you would travel 
from London to West Lodge. It is m}^ firm conviction 
that if a Foreign Minister lives like a Gentleman, he must 
be ruined or nearly so, and I do suppose there is no Instance 
of one ever having, what you call, made Money by his 
Employment, if he represented his Sovereign as he ought. 

" That rascal Bentinck," finding I was going to blow 
upon him, has been persuading Paget that it is by my 
own folly and imprudence that my concerns in Norfolk 
are so unpromising. With the feeling that Paget has 
towards me the Admiral easily enough effected his Purpose. 
Barring Prejudice, I have, I think, drawn up a statement 
of Facts, that will shew the said Admiral in his proper 
light, and exonerate me from the Charges he has produced 
against me. You shall have a look at it, indeed it was 
drawn up merely with a View of justifying myself to my 
Family, who might otherwise upon Bentinck's statement 
imagine I deserved my Fate. That I have been guilty of 
the grossest Folly, I admit, and that was in following 
Bentinck's Advice. When we meet, which I trust we 
shall at Easter, I think " I can a tale unfold &c," 

I am grieved to think that our poor Father loses ground. 
He rallies occasionally, but upon the whole his weakness 
is very much increased, and his Nerves in a sad state. 
Lady Uxbridge yesterday told me that he had been better 
for some days past, and that if he would but think so 
himself, she is persuaded he really would be so. His 
Rupture lately has been cause of great uneasiness to him, 
and to that I attribute principally his Nervousness. He 
sometimes cannot move without the assistance of two 
Persons. In short he is certainly worse than last year. I 
don't know Farquhar's opinion. 

It is only from some Publications that I know of the 
Furin Grass. Dr. Richardson is the great promoter of 
its growth and his Accounts of it are really astonishing . 


It is usually propagated by the plant itself and not from 
seed, I am glad to think. It is a common grass, to be 
found in most places, generally in ditches or near walls. 
I send you Richardson's Pamphlet upon it. . . . 

B. P. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

2 Feb., 1812. 

My Dearest Arthur, — . . . Your Letter to-day asks 
me my opinion about my father, I commence to think 
that Lady Burghersh's has been a faithful report. He is, 
poor dear old Boy,i evidently going, and I think, indeed 
I am sure, that an alteration could scarcely have been for 
the worse between my seeing him the time before and last 
time. Whether the late goings-on have occasioned the 
great change, I cannot take upon myself to say, but so 
sensibly did Paget, and myself, observe the alteration that 
we each, when we met here, asked the other if he had 
not been struck by it. In short, my dear fellow, such is 
his habitual state that it is absolutely distressing to witness 
it, either in floods of Tears, and in a State of Spirits, which 
is heartbreaking to see, or otherwise, if attempting to 
speak, doing so in so inarticulate a way as to render it 
unintelligible. In all this deplorable condition his affec- 
tion towards me never appeared warmer than when I last 
saw him ; indeed I was forcibly struck by it, and as he 
certainly enjoys seeing us and as, poor dear old Boy, he 
has not long to enjoy anything, I mean every three weeks 
or a month to see him, for it is literally but a drive from 
Fair Oak. I wish I could promise myself the satisfaction 
of meeting you there next Saturday. Of one thing I am 
confident, namely that you will feel that any kindness or 
attention you may shew him now, will return with ten 
thousand fold of pleasure to yourself for having done it, 
when the moment arrives that we none of us can do so 
to him again. 

My object in going to London is to see Lowe, and make 
some arrangement about Money matters etc. We are in a 
cursed bad way, and old Ned, whom I talked to at Beau 
Desert about it all, did not seem to think that we had any 
fairer hopes or prospects, and that it behoved us all to 
merely count upon that which we had. I really am in total 

1 Lord Uxbridge died March 13th, 1812. 

1812-17] SOMETHING ROTTEN 245 

darkness, therefore you may or may not be right in your 
conjecture about Paget's being very much incensed against 
you. Of this I do know, namely that during the whole 
time I was at Beau Desert, as well as the time he was here, 
I did not hear him mention your name. Therefore I con- 
jecture there's something rotten in the State, and I imagine 
from the two or three reasons you have for thinking so, 
amongst which the not having heard from Ayhner in 
conformity with that Admiral's promise, that you are 
of the two probably right in thinking P. is devilishly out 
of sorts. . . . 

You will be sorry to hear that I begin to think Superb 
will be so much longer in coming forward than even the 
last report we received of her, that I must think of some 
other ship. . . . Your devoted 


Lord Graves 

Bishops Court, Feby 2nd, 1812. 

My Dear Arthur, — Excuse my troubling you with 
another letter so immediately, which is merely to request 
you to have the goodness to direct your Man to purchase 
me Six Sheep Cribs, I mean those from which they eat 
their Hay in the winter, and which as far as I can imper- 
fectly draw the Thing, resembles this— \ Sketch]. Those 
in our Country are very inconvenient and heavy, in short 
are a kind of travelling Hay rack, with four immense 
wheels plac'd to the Frame in order to move it from one 
field to another, and are something like this — [Sketch]. 
Than which nothing can be more inconvenient or unwieldy. 
Your servant might purchase them (if it be possible) near 
the Western Road in order that Russell's waggon may 
receive them without much additional expence of Carriage 
from the place of Manufacture. You will I hope excuse 
the trouble I have presum'd to give you. Any thing in 
the Farmer's line that I can procure you from this Country 
shall be intirely at your service. The Money shall be sent 
the moment you will have the goodness to inform me 
the Cost of the Cribs. 

Mary joins with me in every thing kind and affectionate 
to Augusta. She receiv'd a letter this morning from 
Lady Uxbridge, who says they do not think of moving 
from Surbiton as yet, and speaks of the house being com- 

246 SIR ROBERT ADAIR [ch. iv 

pletely fill'd by the Erskines, and Capels. The latter are 
all at Surbiton. Yours most affectionately, 


Sir Robert Adair ^ 

Feby 5th, 1812. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — I have not been able to write to 
you before, as you will see by the newspapers how com- 
pleatly the Irish debate has taken up every body's time. 
By nothing that I can learn among my friends does it 
appear that any animadversions are likely to be made on 
your account for Extraordinaries,- but I cannot answer 
for some of the persons of whom the Opposition is com- 
posed, and with whom I have neither connection nor 
acquaintance. As far as I can guess, the debate on Mr. 
Eden's motion (which stands for Friday) to refer the civil 
list accounts to a Committee, will confine itself to the 
general necessity of examining the items of which our 
expenditure consists with a view to their proving that we 
have neither wasted nor pocketed the publick money. 
Whether Mr. Perceval' will grant this Committee, or 
refuse it, Arbuthnot assures me that he is compleatly 

I never made a Speech in my life, and the Lord in heaven 
defend me from volunteering one ! But as Arbuthnot 
intends to defend himself, and to appeal to me for his 
conduct at Constantinople, both with regard to the expence 
of living there and the necessity he was under of quitting 
it so suddenly as he did in 1807, I am not sure whether I 
may not be forced to say, or to try to say, one word. If 
your name should be mentioned, as I succeeded you at 
Vienna and followed you afterwards to the Dardanelles, I 
certainly wUl not neglect to give the proper answer to any 
observation which may be made respecting the sums which 
stand against your account. But if nothing is said I think 
it will be better to be silent on our parts. The blockheads 
at the Treasury in making up my accounts have absolutely 
charged to my Vienna account the bills I drew from Con- 

1 Diplomatist and politician. Succeeded Sir A. Paget as Minister at 
Vienna in 1806, held other diplomatic posts, and died in 1855, aged 
ninety-two, the last of the Mends of Charles James Fox. Canning 
satirized him in the Anti-jacobin as Bawba-Dara-Adul-Phoola. 

2 I .e. expenses incurred during his Missions abroad. 

3 Then Prime Minister. 

i8 12-17] A GOOD DIVISION 347 

stantinople ! I was employed three entire days in hunting 
out this error. 

We had a famous division (for Opposition) in the Com- 
mons this morning at 5 o'clock. Numbers staid away. 
The Prince's people voted with the Ministry. This, as 
you may suppose, is variously accounted for. For my 
part I persist, and shall persist to the last moment, in 
considering the Prince's conduct, in this as well as in every 
other part of it which may appear to deviate from the 
declared principles of his life, as nothing more than affording 
that support to his father's government to which he con- 
ceives himself pledged during the restrictions. Ever yrs 

R. Adair. 

P.S. — As I dare say you will be amused with the reports 
going about, what think you of the Doctor's ^ being to 
succeed Lord Wellesley in the foreign department ? 

Hon. Berkeley Paget 

PoRTMAN Street, iS/Zt Febry, 18 12. 

Who knows but that in Time to come you may be the 
Ambassador of a great Queen, and that the Sovereign you 
represent may be vilely slandered. You must challenge 
the Slanderer as good Sir Henry Umpton did the Duke of 
Guise in March 1592. Thus he appealed the Duke of Guise 
to the Combat. 

" Forasmuch, as lately at the Lodging of my Lord Du 
Kayne, and in public elsewhere, impudently, indiscreetly 
and over-boldly, you spake badly of my Sovereign, whose 
sacred Person here in this Country I represent to maintain 
both by word and weapon her honour (which never was 
call'd in Question among People of honesty and Virtue). 
I say, that you have wickedly lyed in speaking so basely 
of my Sovereign, and you shall do nothing else but lye 
whensoever you shall dare to tax her honour. Moreover, 
that her sacred Person (being one of the most compleat and 
virtuous Princesses that lives in this world) ought not to 
be evil spoken of by the Tongue of such a Perfidious Traitor 
to her law and country, as you are ; and hereupon I do 
defy you, and challenge your Person to mine, with such 

^ Mr. Addington, afterwaurds Viscount Sidmouth. 

248 " NO ANSWER " [ch. iv 

manner of arms as you shall like to chuse, be it either on 
horseback or on foot. Nor would I have you to think any 
inequality of person between us, I being issued from as 
great a Race and noble House (every way) as yourself ; so 
assigning m.e an indifferent Place, I will there maintain 
my words, and the lye which I have given you, and which 
you shall not endure, if you have any courage at all in 
you. If you do not consent, and meet me hereupon, I 
will hold 3^ou, and cause ye to be generally held, for the 
arrantest coward and most slanderous Slave that lives in 
all France. I expect your Answer." Now Umpton got 
well out of this, for " no answer was returned." 

I rejoice that we are to meet on the 22nd at Surbiton. 
That day and the following are my holidays, and so I will 
e'en be " convinced with wine and wassell." You give us 
hopes too in your Letter to Sophia of partaking of our 
humble fare " here in Vienna." And so you shall. Well, 
there wasn't a word said about you in the Commons House 
of Parliament, that called for the slightest remark. Adair 
was ready, but there was no necessity. As we, I trust, shall 
meet so soon, I'll cut off my Discourse. Most affly yrs, 

B. Paget. 

Hon. Berkeley Paget 

Dated from the Senate House this 2^rd day of June in the 

year of our Lord 1812. 

Most Renowned Chevalier ! — I'm sorry that I should 
have got you into a hobble with lUingworth ; not that in 
point of fact it signifies, as he can have no reason to com- 
plain, having had the choice of the two Palfreys. He took 
the beast for better for worse, for richer for poorer, in 
sickness and in health. I pr'ythee therefore, part not 
with my Mare, and tell the Learned Divine I say so. He 
dined with me the other Day, and we had a stoup or two 
of Liquor. He was in high Force. 

I hope Paget will be able to take Hogarth to you. He 
said he would, if he could. It is certainly not peculiarly 
calculated for a travelling Carriage. 

From your Account I should think Edward would like 
the thoughts of being possessor of Brook Heath. He a 
long while ago express'd to me a Wish to have some Dwelling 
of his own. 

1812-17] BOOKS FOR SALE 249 

I wish your Books could have been introduced into Duke 
of Roxburgh's Catalogue. I think you might have obtained 
a lumping sum for your little Collection. I own I was 
sorry, when you told me you had made a promise to send 
them to Lord Spencer, as at a Sale so much more may be 
got for Books, there being generally considerable com- 
petition amongst the curious in old Editions to the curious 
in Fish Sauce ! 

Since I have returned to Town, I heard that the Fat 
Man 1 had so seriously shaken his huge Carcase, that he 
could never hunt again. That, I think, would be a fortunate 
Event not only for himself, but his Horse. I could not 
find out where he had hurt himself. . . . 

You will see that Canning's Motion was carried hollow 
last night. I gave hun a lift, as did most of the " Placemen 
and Pensioners." 

I will attend to Augusta's Commands both with respect 
to the Box, as well as the Snuff. Tomorrow's Sua shall 
see them in their Owner's Hands. 

Farewell, most puissant Councillor. I will send Dibn ' 
the song. How is Tooty = ? Incomparable Bo ' ! In- 
famous Brutikin ! Thine, 


Mr. Hayier 

London, August 5, 1812. 

Dear Sir, — . . . With regard to the Books, I am really 
concerned to state that the Prices, which were noted in 
your List, are extremely wide of the Mark and very much 
to your Disadvantage. I have been with every Bookseller 
in Town. Except in two or three trifling Instances such 
as no. 50 &c. the Demand of every Bookseller at second 
Hand is prodigious. For Instance, if you will allow me 
to produce one, Dugdale's Baronage and Monasticon are 
at least 50 Guineas. The most intelligent Bookseller whom 
I have seen is Priestly, 143, High Holborn. He is honoured 
now and then with a Visit from Mr. Berkeley Paget, as 
he says. Would you approve the Idea of appointing him 
to treat with me "for all the Books ? With such a Com- 
mission he would naturally be inclined to propose the 
most moderate sum possible, which his Interest would 

1 Lord Graves. * Sir Arthur's children. 

250 A CURIOUS SCENE [ch. iv 

permit, and his superiour opportunities of procuring the 
Books would enable him to propose. 

Last Sunday se'nnight I went to Uxbridge House. The 
Porter said, there [were] many Books there and that he 
could not distinguish the Cicero from the Rest ; but that, 
if I would call the next Thursday about twelve o'Clock, 
Mr. Berkeley Paget would then come from Kingston and 
would have the Goodness to shew me the Book. I went 
last Thursday, and was then told, that he had forwarded 
that very Book to you at West Lodge. . . . 

Sir Thos Tyrwhitt is gone from Town before he has taken 
a single step towards the advancement of my Interests 
either with the P.R. Himself or with his Government. 
From a curious scene which took Place after Dinner upon 
last Monday se'nnight, and from the Language of the P.R. 
Himself, I have Reason to conclude that Sir Thos Tyrwhitt 
has been too much the means of keeping me back from 
the Royal Notice. The P.R. by some accident was aware 
that I was in Town, and told Sir Thos Tyrwhitt to bring 
me to dinner that Monday. While I was in Tyrwhitt's 
Rooms at Carlton House that Monday about Dinner 
Time, the P.R. sent to command my attendance at Table. 
Tyrwhitt said, I was not there. The Duke of Cumberland, 
who had come from the House of Peers with Tyrwhitt, 
informed the P.R. of the Truth. In consequence the P.R. 
commanded the Porters not to let me pass, and even 
vouchsafed to station two Pages at the Gate for the same 
Purpose. Soon after the. Duke of Cumberland in Person 
came with the Commands of the P.R. for the immediate 
attendance of Tyrwhitt and myself. We consequently 
attended, and, I believe, sir, you would have been somewhat 
surprised at the very angry Language, which the P.R. gave 
Tyrwhitt in the strongest Terms. . . . 

John Hayter. 

Lord Frederick Bentinck ^ 

Bath House, August 13. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — I have delayed hitherto answer- 
ing your kind letter, hoping to have heard something 
decisive from George Leigh, but he is as provoking as 
ever, and writes volumes of absurdities upon the subject 

1 Major-General Lord Frederick Cavendish Bentinck, youngest son 
of the 3rd Duke of Portland. 

1812-17] COL. LEIGH ABSURD 251 

of Warwick Lake's place to Mrs. Leigh/ who is in Town, 
declaring that residing in London would be his death. 
Were he only concerned I should give myself no further 
trouble upon his account, but the situation of Mrs. Leigh 
and her five children excites my compassion. 

I have ascertained that according to the Act of Parlia- 
ment W. Lake has a right to retire with an allowance 
equal to two thirds of his place, and I have no doubt, that 
if the remainder was made up to him, and George Leigh's 
situation explained to him (for Lake is a very kind hearted 
Person), that he would retire. I am convinced that George 
Leigh will never be brought to his senses until he is put 
in Prison, which for the sake of those who are concerned 
with him, and for him, I trust may very speedily happen. 
I never in my life met with a man of so spoiled a temper, 
and such wrong headed disposition. 

I am sorry that the Mare does not suit Lady Augusta, 
but I trust you may like her, and I shall be much dis- 
appointed if you do not keep her. 

I am going tomorrow into the North, and shall return 
about the Middle of September, and I shall desire my Groom 
to wait upon you for Orders, as soon as you come to town, 
and to put my Hacks and Tilbury, all of which I leave 
here, at your disposal during your sejour in London. 

Fred Bentinck. 

Earl of Uxbridge 

Beau Desert, Augi 31s;, 1812. 

My Dear Arthur, — In consequence of the peculiar 
sensation that the Black Game appear to have produced, 
I had actually written another Card for you, when Charles 
came up, seized it, threw it in the fire, and addressed one 
to the Duke of Bedford, and I have no more. I promise 
however next week to repair the injury. He says you 
are not at home. When do you return ? We go to shoot 
at Burton on Monday and Tuesday. I then return here, 
perhaps Edward and Charles will stay on longer. They 

^ Mrs. Leigh was half-sister of Lord Byron, being the only child of 
his father's first marriage with Baroness Conyers in her own right. Her 
husband's financial troubles are mentioned in Byron's Letters and Journal, 
1904. They were granted apartments in St. James' Palace in 1818, 
where Mrs. Leigh died in 1851. 

25^ ■ SIR EDWARD CAPTURED [ch. iv 

have had very good sport on the Chase, ^ and have shot 
capitally. I have confined myself to the Old Ones, The 
present total is 113, of which 39 are Cocks. There are 
too [many] of these, and I shall be at them again, but I 
cannot do much against them, excepting when I am alone. 
You did not in either of your letters say whether you 
would join in the Party here in Deer. Surely I did not 
forget to propose it to you, for it was one of the principal 
objects of my last letter. Graves and Mary, and Charles 
and Elizabeth are to be here, and Edward, and probably 
a straggler or two. We shall have a corner for you and 
Augusta. The Chasse will begin on the 2d of Deer. Ever 
affecly yours, Paget. 

Rev. G. Illingworih 

TiDWORTH, Dec, 1812. 

Dear Paget, — But a few hours after my last letter to you 
was sent to the post from Dantsey, I was shocked extremely 
with the melancholy account of your brother, the General,* 
being made prisoner. To say the truth, upon my eye first 
merely glancing over the paragraph, and seeing Ld Welling- 
ton lamenting the loss of Sir Ed. P., my heart sank within 
me at the idea that he was no more, so that upon looking 
again at the paper, I confess that his being captured in 
such an unlucky way seemed light in comparison to what 
I had apprehended. Surely in the midst of such a grievous 
misfortune it is some consolation to have every reason to 
hope that that Scourge of the world, Buonaparte (who by 
the way does not turn out to be the man that Sir H. F. 
took him for) will come short home,^ and then I think you 
won't be long before you have your gallant brother again 
restored to you. 

I had intended to have passed a couple of days with 
you at West Lodge this ensuing week ; but on taking leave 
of Ld P. * last night he seemed so anxious that I should 
return to him, that I could not refuse. . . . 

1 Cannock Chase. 

* Edward Paget was captured on November 19th, 1812, by a party 
of French troops whilst riding round his outposts attended by a single 
orderly, and remained interned in France until the Peace in 1814. Lord 
WeUington wrote : " I cannot sufficiently regret the loss of his services." 

' The retreat from Moscow of the French Army was now begun. 

* Lord Peterborough. 


I hope you saw the Cottage Ornee of Thomas Hobbs 
Scott Esqr., only that you might see the difference between 
newspaper description and reality, that was my only 
reason for wishing you to look at it. By the way that 
said Cottage was built and the ground chalked and culti- 
vated and planted with the money which the Patriotic Sir 
Francis Burdett deposited in the hands of this Scott's brother 
as a provision for his child by Lady Oxford.^ The money 
having been converted into brick, mortar, fir-trees etc., 
was not forthcoming on demand, and was the cause of that 
curious action at law to recover it. Sir Francis paid dear 
for his intrigue with merely a common strumpet, and the 
profligate rascally brothers were but little benefited by 
cheating him and their sister's child, for it seems they are 
both ruined. , . . Very truly yours, 

G. Illingvvorth. 

It is rather singular that about three months ago and 
when everything appeared to be going on swimmingly with 
Buonaparte, Lord Peterborough always maintained that 
he would be obliged to retreat and that about Smolensko, 
naming the very place he would be surrounded by the 
Russians. I hope and trust he, the Arch Caitiff, is abso- 
lutely there and then I think it is over with him, but he 
is such a clever fellow and has so many resources that I 
am not so sanguine as many of my friends. 

Capi. Hon. Charles Paget 

Superb,^ Basque Roads, J any Sth, 18 13. 

My Dearest Arthur, — So fair an opportunity will offer 
at daylight tomorrow that I must write to thank you 
for your Letter of the 26th ultmo received two days ago 
by the Fancy Cutter, which vessel left us the following 
morning and took back two Letters for you. The vessel 
which now offers is an American Schooner, that has run 
into the Squadron, being hard pressed by a Cruizer in the 
offing and seeing a Squadron occupying this anchorage, 
they thought we must be French and with confidence 

1 The beautiful wife of Edward Harley, 5th Earl of Oxford, whose 
portrait by Hoppner hangs in the National Gallery, had many admirers, 
including Lord Byron, and her children were called the " Harleian Mis- 

* Charles Paget commanded the Superb hne of battleship from 1812-14, 
vsrhen we were at war against the United States as well as France. 

254 AMERICAN SHIPS [ch. iv 

they ran down to us, and were not undeceived till a boat 
from the Squadron went to take possession of her. She 
is a beautiful Vessel from Baltimore bound to Bordeaux. 

I am quite vexed and annoyed at the Americans having 
captured another of our finest frigates. It is proved to 
my mind that our frigates are not a Match — the very best 
of them — to the class of American frigate that they have 
been opposed to. They are in fact much more like Ships 
of the Line than frigates, and to cope with them with single- 
Decked Ships as they call them (altho' they carry a regular 
tier of guns on their Gangways) we must either build such, 
or employ cut-down sixty-fours or old 74s and send them 
with 24 Pounders and a Complement of 500, instead of 
eight-and-thirty gun frigates with a Complement of 300 
men, and then if they beat us, why they are an overmatch 
in point of ability, judgment, seamanship and gallantry. 

It is besides perfectly true that the Crews of all the 

American Men of War, if they be not in a great part British, 

have all more or less served in our Men of War and there 

have learnt their business, and being very near of kin are 

certain to be an overmatch in such odds as i8-Pounders 

to 24s, and with a Complement of 300 opposed to 450 or 

500. These are matters which, tho' the first Lord of the 

Admiralty may not duly appreciate, the Sea Lords ought 

to have dinned into his Ears, instead I see very great room 

for hauling the naval part of our Administration over the 

Coals, for with our stupendous Navy we ought not only 

to have secured that by no possibility should our Character 

in that particular arm have suffered the slightest imputation, 

but long ere this every American that swims either within 

or without their waters ought (as Bony expresses himself 

or at least used to do) to have ceased to exist, instead of that 

how does the matter stand ? Hitherto they have decidedly 

triumphed, and are at the moment in full possession of the 

Seas, swaggering about. as if we were a Maritime Power 

no higher in reputation than the Portuguese. It is too 

disgraceful. These Americans have made me digress from 

the subject I meant to write about. I will therefore go 

on to say, that I feel, my excellent fellow, to the utmost 

the kind manner in which you have expressed yourself 

about Elizabeth and to assure you, that I have given most 

unintentionally a false impression in making you suppose 

that I am otherwise than perfectly at my ease and happy 


on her account. It is quite impossible for a fellow with 
feeling, as you know, to be always upon his guard with 
himself, and I conclude I may have said something in a 
Letter at a moment of that kind which justified your fear 
of my being more or less discomposed. But however I 
have the happiness to assure you with truth, and I disguise 
nothing from you, that altogether I never felt more perfectly 
comfortable and happy afloat than I now do, which I 
attribute to a consciousness that my dear Elizabeth and 
Children have everything they can wish for, and from a 
persuasion that she has the thorough good sense and right 
feeling to think that I am doing what is right. I ought 
to do her further justice by stating that I am convinced 
there is no sacrifice that she would not sooner undergo than 
to be in any way instrumental in withdrawing me from 
my profession. No — she cheers me in all her Letters. She 
is rational to a degree, and is just in that tone of mind that 
I should wish her to be in. She gives me famous accounts of 
herself and the dear Children, and now has Mopsy with her. 

I received a Letter from my Mother by the Cutter enclos- 
ing a Copy of poor Ned's Letter to her. Poor dear fellow ! 
I hope he may have mine forwarded to him, which I sent 
under cover to the French Admiral, and I dare say it will 
be, for I accompanied it with a very polite note to him 
entreating him to convey it, and as the Letter to Edward 
was open and abstained from any allusion to Public or 
Political matters, I think it will be sent to him. I should 
at the same time have sent one or two of yours to me, but 
on that account however as there was nothing of the kind 
in Adden's to you which you sent to me, I let it accom- 
pany mine, because I was sure the poor fellow would be 
afforded a smile by that part of its contents alluding to 
the Baroness Howe,' whom Adden says the Queen calls 
Mrs. Phipps. 

. . . Mr. Davies, who has this instant come in to ask me 
if I have any orders for the night, begs his best respects 
to you and Augusta. He is indeed a capital fellow. I can't 
help regretting that you and old Keith have parted company, 
for were it otherwise I might through you be picking up 
Americans to the Westward, and now is the Harvest time. 
Our Cruizers are sending them in at all rates, and as he 

1 Baroness Howe married, first, the Hon. Penn Curzon, and secondly, in 
1 8 1 2 , Sir J . W. Waller. Why the Queen called her Mrs. Phipps is not evident. 


256 THE SUPERB [ch. iv 

has detached one of the Line of Battle Ships to cruize (the 
Canopits) for them, I think considering everything, it is 
not too much to feel that he might do so by me. I think 
the Government House entitles me to a Cruize, if nothing 
else did. 

Nothing can go on more smoothly and comfortably than 
my Ship Officers and Ship's Company. They all know 
what I expect of them, they all do it, and I have scarce a 
punishment of any kind. The Rodney people, that came 
with so bad a Character generally, are as orderly and as 
respectful as any set of Men I ever met with, and altogether 
I have not had a set of fellows that I liked better than I 
do these. . . . Ever your affect, and devoted 


Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Superb, Basque Roads, Jany T.'^rd, 1813. 

Your Letter of the 9th, my very dearest Arthur, reached 
me last night by the Hannibal, and as the Sovereign starts 
at daylight, I must seize the opportunity of thanking 
you again for your punctuality in writing, and sending 
me the newspapers. . . . Cowesfield ^ I feel is yours, .... 
Your plan was a very good one of setting off to the Lakes, 
and afterwards to the Galloways in the Summer, had not 
this Stopper been clapped over all, which I grieve to see by 
your Letter is a disappointment to you both as to the 
catise and effect. Now I will not on that account give up 
one particle of the satisfaction I feel on the subject of the 
cause, because that, tho' I am satisfied that you neither 
of you could have done better than have executed this 
Summer project if it had not been for the Stopper, still 
that of the two the Stopper is the best to happen, first 
because that nothing can surely occur so likely to occupy 
the mind of Augusta as the nursing of a nice little Girl, 
and if you have this place you will have quite enough to 
do with it to possess your time and thoughts, at least I 
hope so, and The Lakes will do next Summer after. At 
all Events I am clearly for another Child, and if I had not 
been Godfather to my poor little Oubli, I would offer 
again, but on that account perhaps I am objectionable. 
To me it is a real pleasure to think that Elizabeth is in 

1 A place near Romsey to which Sir A. P. now moved from West Lodge. 

1812-17] THE SQUADRON 257 

that way. Here I have five Children, and a sixth coming. 
All I have for it is to stick to my profession and look for- 
ward, when I am an old fellow, to a Chief's Command on a 
foreign Station, to make prize Money for them, or the Lord 
help them, for I don't think Paddy Monck will, tho' I hear 
from Elizabeth he has made a very gracious visit to her 
at Fair Oak, and that as usual he was delighted with the 

I have written to Fetherstone today in reply to a very 
kind Letter from him. By the bye, tho' I have failed to 
name the Pates to you, I have taken several occasions to 
desire Elizabeth to do justice to them by the report I sent 
for Sir Harry's information. They were perfect and lasted 
till ten days ago. 

There's nothing new here. The Squadron consists of the 
P. Joseph, Warspite, Hannibal, Barham and Siiperh. Black- 
wood and myself see a good deal of each other. By the 
bye I was on board his Ship this morning and whilst I 
was standing at his fire place, he eating his breakfast, a 
great Poodle Dog of his was admitted into the Cabin and 
having seen me made up towards me, and having just smelt 
me instantly flew at me. He seized my Trowsers, but my 
Watch being on a Low fob presented itself between me 
and the Dog's teeth, so that he only took a mouthful of 
Cloth etc. out. Blackwood hereupon flew at the Dog 
and I verily thought would have killed him on the spot. 
This however he did not do but forthwith ordered execution 
to be done upon him by his Commitment to the deep with 
a double headed Shot about his neck. All my prayers and 
entreaties at least for a reprieve were unheeded, but they 
ceased when I heard that the same dog had lately flown at 
and bit at least 50 of the sailors, so I thought for their sakes 
I ought no longer to stand Mediator for such a nuisance in 
any Ship. . . . 

I have not had time yet to look at the papers upon the 
subject of the India Charter, at least more than to see that 
there will be the devil to pay about it all. You may depend 
upon it that, except perhaps to China, the trade ought to 
be thrown open to the India Seas, at least so my poor 
judgment tells me. We shall hear Ld Wellesley upon it 
all, who, I believe, supports the pretensions of the Company. 

You are right in imagining that I did not write an account 
of the fire to Elizabeth. I however mentioned having 

258 THE ADMIRALTY [ch. iv 

suffered a slight inconvenience in the Stove not being 
properly attended to, and this I did lest she should hear 
some tremendous report, which excepting with people like 
yourself would surely have been the case. I therefore 
only wrote to yourself what really did occur. 

I will by my next send you a Chart of our position with 
the relative one of Isle D'Aix and the French Squadron. 
It makes my mouth water, hearing as I do, or rather seeing 
as I do, these Ships going into Plymouth, but I don't despair 
yet of Ld Keith detaching me from this before the winter 
is over. The Admiralty seems at length to be quite on 
the qui vive in sending Ships to America. They deserve 
it, and I hope they will get well roused, when Parliament 
meets, for the disgraceful conduct of that department in 
not having had the reinforcements, that are now just starting 
out, on that Station last September and October. 

God bless you, my excellent fellow. I don't attempt to 
send you from hence a Letter of any interest or novelty, 
and you will therefore put up with such as they are. Tell 
Dear Augusta I love her with all m.y heart, and that I 
wish I could see her and all the happiness I wish her at 
Cowesfieid. I trust the dear little fellow is quite well. 
Ever, my good fellow, your devoted and affect. 

C. P. 

Dowager-Countess of Uxbridge 

SuRBiTON, March 20th, 1813. 

My Dearest Arthur, — You contribute more to my 
comfort and happiness than I can express by your frequent 
kind letters. Many many Thanks are due, and as grate- 
fully offer'd. I heard two days ago from dear Charles. 
Elizh, little Charles and Louisa are to set out on Monday 
to join him at Plymouth. He don't speak of any additional 
Prize but Lord John Spencer writes to Lady Blandford 
that he has taken four. Is it true ? I find b}^ a letter from 
Mary she has had another alarm about poor little Augusta, 
which together with business of Lord Graves has occasioned 
their postponing their Journey for a few days. Genl 
Erskine must be in Town the 26th to meet a Man of business 
from Scotland. Louisa is to accompany him if she is 
sufficiently recover'd. I'm in hopes he comes into a good 
Property by the death of his Brother.^ I understand, but 

1 General Sir William Erskine died in Spain. 

1812-17] ECONOmSTS 259 

not from them, that he has left the Person that lived with 
him a House and two hundred and fifty pound a year, to 
each of his four Daughters by her fifteen hundred Pounds, 
and to his younger Brother a small Estate. Lord Ennis- 
killen has taken a House at Petersham, and is gone to 
Ireland to bring Charlotte and the Children. I dread the 
Journey for her in her weak state. She has not yet left 
her room. I grieve that Lady Augusta's progress is so 
slow. The last fine days have, I hope, enabled her to get 
into the air. Give her my kindest love. You amuse me 
about Master Tooty's packing, poor little fellow, I have 
no doubt he thought he assisted you very much. How new 
this sort of thing must be to you ! I believe in the World 
there never was so metamorphosed a person as yourself. 
Are you not surprised at yourself ? They all seem to be 
following your bright example and I soon expect to see my 
sons as great Economists as they were the reverse. I 
send you my last letter from dear Edward lest you should 
not have heard from him. Pray return it quite at your 
leisure. Had you not once a thought of trying to obtain 
his liberty ? I have great faith in your undertakings and 
of the influence you once had on the Continent, but things 
are sadly changed there. However the present appearances 
are somewhat favourable. If you was at Vienna I feel 
certain that you would have influence to assist the general 
Cause. Your letters are so instructive as well as enter- 

Here I was interrupted by the arrival of Berkeley who 
reminded me there was no Post yesterday. He brought 
me a farther proof of the truth of my last sentence by your 
letter of the 19th. How indulgent you are to me, my 
dear Arthur ! But your detail of your Catastrophe has 
quite overset me when I think of what it might have been, 
and has put out of my head all I was going to observe 
about those said letters. It had a very contrary effect 
upon Berkeley, who laughed so violently at the recital that 
I was very angry with him. It's a family failing, you all 
more or less laugh at these sort of events. I am very 
thankful for your escape which certainly was a very narrow 
one. I don't subscribe to your opinion that Providence 
destines us to be for ever miserable when he is pleased to 

26o ARTHUR'S KINDNESS [ch. iv 

inflict us with Calamities. My persuasion is that they are 
sent as trials ol our Religion and resignation, and if we are 
not found wanting, we shall be rewarded accordingly. Think 
of Edward, does he not illustrate my proposition ? I 
won't speak of myself when I have so much better an 
example in him. I wish his dear Boy was with him but 
there is no use in wishing for impossibilities. The prospect 
of your possessing your Plate gives me the greatest satisfac- 
tion. I had almost given up the hope of this good luck. 
I feel quite outrageous at another of our Frigates having 
fallen into the Hands of the Americans. The Admiralty 
is extremely reprehensible. A Child would know better 
than to send ships of that Class to be swallow 'd up by 
these Leviathans. How tired you must be of me, my 
dearest Arthur. It is however your own fault. If you 
was not so kind you would not be so imposed upon. Ever 
your most affecte Mother, 


I hope we don't mean that Lady Augusta was with you 
at the time of your Accident. 

Dowager-Countess of Uxbridge 

SuRBiTON, April 22d, 1814. 

My Dearest Arthur, — My Conscience smote me yester- 
day on receiving your Second kind letter before I had 
acknowledged the first, but in justification of myself I 
must tell you that I have had one of my very worst Colds, 
that render 'd writing impracticable, otherwise I would 
not have been silent, having had so much to thank you 
for both in Caroline's and my own Name. I never saw 
her more penetrated than by the affectionate expressions 
contained in the former, what will she then feel when she 
reads this last proof of your generosity and kindness ! 
Indeed it is too much. I shall see her in a few days and 
shall then let her speak for herself. They are all longing 
to see you, and we feel your offer of coming as we ought. 
I came here a week ago, being told I might expect Edward 
at any moment, and I thought that in the Event of his 
arrival, you would perhaps have come here and at the 
same time have seen the Capels, but as I hear nothing of 
him, and shall see so little more of them, I purpose returning 
to Horton in a few days, and remaining with them till their 

1812-17] THE CAPELS 261 

departure. I believe it would be more wise, both on 
Caroline's and my own account, if we were not so much 
together imder the present unhappy ' Circumstances, but 
I have not resolution to resist the impulse of my heart. I 
think Capel is infinitely more depressed than Caroline. 
He is under the apprehension of losing his office at Berbice, 
which will probably be given up to the Dutch, and then 
I really do not know what will become of them. They 
cannot get a House at the Hague, which is unlucky, as 
every article of living is remarkably cheap there. They 
now think of Brussels. It is an object to them not to 
have a long Land Journey, otherwise there are parts of 
France, that I dare say would be eligible. Capel would 
have gone to Brussels last week to procure a House, but 
many Foreigners, and others, advised her waiting a little 
while. What a wonderful interposition of Providence to 
have brought about the late Events in the Way they have 
been ! To think that a Month ago the Monster might 
have had the Kingdom of France, and that he is now reduced 
to the State of a Pauper, fills the mind with astonishment. 
I think they have granted him a great deal too much, he 
ought not to have the Means of doing farther mischief. 
Berkeley is to go to Paris in a few days, he is to be franked 
there and back by Sir George Talbot. I agree with you 
that we must make up our Minds to losing many of our 
friends ; they will all fly to the Continent, and probably 
increase the Expence of Living so much, that those whom 
necessity drives there, it will not answer to in point of 
Econom\^ I fancy you are amongst those that will be 
content with Old England, unless the situation of Am- 
bassador is forced upon you. Your Uncle has just left 
me, and says he hopes nothing will prevent him from 
making you, and dear Lady Augusta, a Visit in the Course 
of the Summer. He goes to Windsor the ist of May for 
his residence, and from thence he meditates a Journey to 
Tunbridge. Little Charles - slept here last Night on his 
way from Mr. Monck's to Fair Oak. He brought me a 
letter from Lady Elizabeth, saying he was quite well, but 

1 Lady Caroline Capel was about to go and live abroad with her husband 
and family in order to economise. As the twenty-two years since her 
marriage had been spent very largely under her parents' roof, the 
parting must have been a hard one for Lady Uxbridge to bear at her time 
of life. They never met again. 

- Captain Charles Paget's eldest boy. 

262 LITTLE CHARLES [ch. iv 

he is far from being so. He could not sit down to dinner 
yesterday and lay upon the Couch without speaking a Word 
the whole Evening, and this Morning could not even bear 
the sight of breakfast, poor little fellow, he said to me 
" G.Mama, I wonder I cannot eat, how it will surprise 
Mama " — he looks very ill, and Sophia who came here 
for a few hours yesterday said he had spent a day lately 
in Portman Street, that he eat nothing, and was perfectly 
languid the whole time. All this I have stated to EUzabeth 
in a letter to day. He requires a great deal of Care ; and 
so much more than could have been bestowed upon him 
at a numerous school, that depend upon it, his removal 
was eligible. I do trust that with attention his health 
will be re-established before he goes to another. He is a 
dear, delightful Boy, You have not named yours this 
age, do indulge me, my dear Arthur, and also about little 
Julia. ^ I have not express'd to you half what I feel for 
your proposition to poor dear Car. I can only say it is 
like you, and that is saying every thing. The Graves's, 
I hear from Lady Uxbridge, are coming to a Lodging in 
Conduit Street. We may include the Erskines in the 
emigrations, for I hear they purpose going to Spa next 
Year. I am really surprised that we hear nothing from 
Edward. Harriet, and Georgiana, who are here, unite 
with me in kind love to you and Lady Augusta. I ought 
to make you many Apologies for the length of this stupid 
letter. I am your most truly affect. Mother, 

J. Uxbridge. 

Of course you have heard from dear Charles, my last 
letter from him is dated Bermuda — the 7th of March, all 
well. Can you calculate upon the probable time of his 
return ? I should think they would not keep Ships of his 
Class long in those Seas. 

Lady Burgher sh to Lady Augusta Paget 


... is all gentleness and propriety and wishing for recon- 
ciliation and peace. I only said I thought it a pity she did 
not then shew that amiable disposition a little more. 

We have heard of Pozzo di Borgo safe at Gottenburg 

1 Sir A. P.'s second daughter, born December 1813, died at the age 
of fifteen. 

1812-17] COUNT LIEVEN 263 

on the 5th. You never saw such a set of Beasts as the 
Russians that are swarming about now except Count Lieven, 
the Ambassador, who is a Gentlemanlike man. Mde 
Lieven gives herself great airs, and abuses every thing and 
every body in England. She has rather a pretty face but 
no figure at all. 

I saw Ld Uxbridge's Daughters at the Play the other 
night. I think Car is handsomer than ever. Yr most aff. 

P. B. 

How can you think of parting with a Horse which you 
like so much ? You will repent of it and I hope you will 
keep it. 

Lord Graves 

36, Conduit Street, June ^th, 1814. 

My Dear Arthur, — You will say as usual — that I 
promise every thing, and perform nothing — because you 
have not receiv'd Lady Hamilton's Letters. Our Friend, 
Galloway, took them from hence under promise to send 
them to you. For once you must acquit me if they have 
not arriv'd at Cowesfield. They are however sad Trash 
and not worth the Carriage. 

That silly Fellow, Methuen, brought forth the Motion 
concerning the Letters of the Princess of Wales ^ and the 
Queen, and of the Result the Newspapers have already 
told you. B. Bathurst, who was the only Government 
Speaker, potter'd, and did not acquit himself as he ought. 
He was too long, too prolix, and went over the same ground 
too often. Whitbread was very strong- — eloquent, insolent, 
abusive, and overbearing — and they have contriv'd, by 
making Methuen withdraw his Motion, to keep it hanging 
over the Prince's head till after the next Drawing-Room — 
as if the Prince was a child. In short nothing can have 
been more insolent, and unwarrantable than the whole 
Proceeding of ye Opposition. But none of them dar'd 
venture to say that it was the Province of Parliament to 
interfere in the private disagreements of these two Royal 
Personages. Nothing can be more mischievous than the 
whole of the Princess' conduct, who has chosen just the 

1 The Princess of Wales had remonstrated against her exclusion from 
the Drawing- Rooms in letters to the Queen and sent their correspondence 
to the newspapers. 

264 THE DRAWING-ROOM [ch. iv 

time pour faire effet. She went to the Opera last night, 
and was greeted by the well dress'd Rabble there as she 
meant, and expected, who clapp'd their Hands, and de- 
manded the Orchestra to Play " God save the King " — 
who, poor old FeUow, was he in his senses, and she at 
her tricks, would soon pack her off to Brunswick, or Han- 
over, where I wish she was at this moment. The Stranger 
Sovereigns are to be here on Tuesday. You of course 
know that Lord and Lady Burghersh, Mr. Mrs. and Emily 
Pole,' Lord and Lady Castlereagh &c. &c. are arriv'd, with 
Heads as high as May-Poles, or more like Bee-Hives — I 
mean the women — though Castlereagh may well hold his 
up, after what he has done for the happiness of the world. 
I wish he had been in ye House of Commons on Methuen's 
Motion, he would soon have put them to rights. Your 
Uncle, Forbes Champagne,' is arriv'd by the last Lidia 
Fleet, and is, I am told, looking well — considering the 
Climate, the Life he has led, and the years that have gone 
over his Head. He appears to me to be a hardy little old 
Fellow, a good Man, though a graver one than his Brother 
Jos. He behav'd very generously to Caroline ' on the day 
she left England, putting a very valuable Diamond Ring 
on her finger, and filling her Hands full of Pagodas — this 
was very oriental, and very English at the same time. 

The Drawing-Room was most unprecedentedly full and 
such a Mob, that I wonder the women were not crush'd to 
Death in the Door-way in going to the Presence — it was 
suppos'd there were 4000 Persons. The Prince took Car * 
Paget by the Hand, and presented her himself to the 
Queen in the most charming and gracious manner. There 
will be a most superb Fete at Carlton House, and that 
of White's is fix'd for the 13th. But I fear it will be a chose 
manquee. There are too many Managers — Lady Jersey 
means to form two, or three Quadrilles to be danc'd at 
Burlington House, if there is not too much Pressure, and 
every thing else proves agreeable — and I fancy there will 
be Valzing at Carlton House. You have already heard of 
the Insolence of Prince Paul of Wirtemburg. Will you 

1 Emily Pole married this year Lord FitzRoy Somerset, afterwards 
created Lord Raglan. 

- Lieutenant-General Forbes Champagne, brother of Lady Uxbridge 
died October 23rd. 1816. 

^ Lady Caroline Capel. 

* Lord Uxbridge's eldest daughter. 

1812-17] PAUL OF \VIRTEMBURG 265 

believe it at a great Dinner, where the Queen was present, 
at Carlton House, he sat next to the Prince of Orange,* 
whom he tried to make Drunk by daring him to drink, 
toasting &c. and succeeded, though the Prince [Regent] 
tried to prevent it. The poor little Hereditary Prince was 
very ill, I am told ; Princess Charlotte was present, and 
furious with Prince Paul, who, I dare say, will not be 
again ask'd to any of their Dinners. Do not mention 
this, as it is a kind of Secret. This Prince Paul says there 
is " rien de hon dans ce Pays que les Femmes, ei puis elles 
sont trop grasses." He forgets that most of us have been 
in his Father's miserable territories, where even the women 
are not worth looking at, and where I would not exchange 
Bishop's Court for all Prince Paul's appointments — Graf 
or whatever else he may be. 

Paget is in high force, and has turn'd his Mind again 
to his Carriage Horses, since he left the " Liberty " and 
Southampton River. He has purchas'd a sweet Hack, a 
rare goer. But none of us can find anything that will 
quite suit your Excellency. They are plaguy dear, and 
very unsound if at all made, and restive, raw and awkward 
if unmade. I think my Friend, the Brewer's, Mare would 
after all have suited you the best. Quentin has brought 
over 8 capital Horses from Paris for the Prince, Russian, 
and French, and Spanish. The King allow'd him to choose 
out of Napoleon's Stud at Versailles — guess the Quantity 
— 1200 Coach Horses, and 700 Saddle Horses, and out of 
these he could only pick six, that were worth bringing 
over. Napoleon was a grand Person, and certainly knew 
how to represent the Honors he had usurp'd. I have 
written you a long Letter. But as your Brothers with the 
exception of Edward are much employ'd, you may not 
otherwise hear les on dits but from my very inadequate 
and feeble Pen. Lord Sefton goes to Paris next Month. 
But all those that have return' d from thence give a wTetched 
account of the Society — with the exception of the Spectacles, 
and the Museum, it is the dullest Place in the world ; so 
now every one talks of going to Brussels, and Spa, and 
Parties are already arrang'd for those places, where they 
will all hve together, abuse the Country and the People, 
and then come home as wise as they went ; and will then 

1 The Hereditary Prince of Orange was in England as suitor for the 
hand of Princess Charlotte. 

266 ENGLISH ABROAD [ch. iv 

praise and admire the Continent at home, as much as 
they abus'd it when abroad. The Grassini ^ is fetee as 
formerly, goes to Parties, and is asked out to dinner — a 
disgrace to the manners of the times — she is not much 
alter'd in Person. Her singing is, if any thing, improv'd. 
Her acting is excellent in ye Orazzi and Curazzi with Tra- 
mazzani, the Opera is become excellent. But the Corps 
de Ballet is deplorable. Madame Merfeldt is arriv'd, but 
I have not seen her. Adieu, my dear Arthur, give my 
kind Regards and affect, remembrance to Augusta — and 
the Little Ones. Mary joins in every affectionate wish — 
and if you receive this Olio of nonsense favourably, I may 
perhaps venture to put you asleep once more, when I have 
any thing to relate — adieu. Ever truly yours. 


CafU Hon. Charles Paget 

Fair Oak, nth [Now.], 1814. 

This will find you I hope, my dearest fellow, safe at 
Beau Desert, which I am led to expect from yours received 

I can so perfectly enter into your feelings in regard to 
getting home, that I fully participate with you in the satis- 
faction and comfort it will be after such a journey, and 
at such a time of year, as is at hand. You however hold 
out the prospect to me of your being at Uppark early in 
December, in which I am selfish enough to urge you to, 
because if you resolve upon it, I will infallibly postpone 
my going into Statfordslure, in order that we might pass 
a few days together at Fetherstone's. I only wish that you 
had also expressed Augusta's and Tooty Boy's intention 
of being with you at Uppark. This I can hardly ask of 
her so immediately after so long an absence from her httle 

Yes, my dear fellow, I fully beheve you when you tell 
me that not a day passes that you do not think of me 
and my new existence,^ for positively I feel my present 
situation to be so totally and entirely different to any 
that I have experienced before, that I can only describe 
it by the above designation, and if, as you say, that heau- 

1 Madame Grassini, a famous French actress. 
' Capt. Paget was now temporarily on half-pay. 

1812-17] CHARLES ON SHORE 267 

pere of mine would but launch out, or in the least degree 
give us some earnest of his good intentions, there would 
not be anything in this world for me to wish for, but I 
am not without confident hopes that, even without his 
assistance, or any other, that in less than two years I shall 
have paid off all old scores, excepting those which I have 
from time to time received from your generous well-seasoned 
assistance. I find Elizabeth, God bless her, so punctual, 
so exact, and so provident in the management of my re- 
sources, so infinitely more so than I ever could attain to, 
that I am persuaded it will be to the advantage of myself, 
and my family, to confide the management of every thing 
to her, and I hope to confine what I shall consider my 
own personal expences to within the limits of my half- 
pay. With regard to Mr. Monck I shall certainly follow 
your ad\'ice, indeed I may say that I have already for 
some time acted upon it. We are upon the best terms, 
and I think likely to be so, because it has been his own 
seeking and we are neither of us doing any violence to our 
feehngs, or acting any part in being on the footing that 
we now are. The part however that that insidious artful 
woman * is acting is very disgusting, and if not overdone 
is Ukely enough to succeed, for he is but a weak man, and 
may therefore be ensnared by the wiles of so clever and 
insinuating a creature as she is. At times he seems to be 
aware that it is artificial, from the overacting of her part, 
and I, who know how to appreciate her designs, and can 
see into the very recesses of her heart, do not fail, as occa- 
sion offers, to show that I am not duped by her. 

Your friend Tatham has been paying a visit to Uppark, 
whereby I have had the good fortune to see him here. The 
Oitener I have seen him, the more I like him ; as for Eliza- 
beth she is perfectly dehghted with him. He seems to be 
pleased with this little place, and appeared really to think 
well of the internal disposition of the house. He is gone 
today to London. He breakfasted with me, and loaded 
himself with commissions, one of which, tho' I much wished 
him to undertake, I could hardly allow him to do, for it 
was to take a Bird ; however, when he heard the particulars 
relative to it, he insisted on being charged with it. The 
fact being that it was one my poor friend, Peter Parker, when 

1 Probably Lady Elizabeth Monck. 

268 ORDER OF THE BATH [ch. iv 

we were together, got for Elizabeth on the Coast of Brazil, 
and when his wretched wife (with whom I was for two 
Hours the day I passed thro' Town), received the ofter 
from me of this Httle Bird, she expressed so strong a desire 
to possess it, that I was glad to seize so good an opportunity 
of sending it to her. 

I was out with Sir Harry the day before yesterday but 
the' we saw at least five couple of Woodcocks . . . 

C. P. 

Earl of Uxbridge 

B. D., Jany 12th, 1815. 

My Dear Arthur, — After my trip to Brighton I had such 
an accumulation of letters that I have not had a moment's 
time to acknowledge yours, but Lady Ux. did, and altho' 
I am not violent upon the subject like her, or see the matter 
quite in the light that you do, yet I cannot disguise from 
you that I wish I was out of this confounded batch of 
Stars. 1 I have been so long let alone, that I had no other 
desire but to be so left, and the only pretension I really 
felt was that of not having that given to me I was as well 
without. But when I saw the P.R.'^ most anxious that I 
shd receive kindly what he professed to think so honourable, 
I had not courage to disappoint him by any remonstrance, 
but only told H.R.H. that I did not come to thank him 
for the idea, but for the very kind and affectionate letter 
he had written to me. But I will give you my very words. 
They were rather strong ! 

" To tell Y.R.H. the real truth, and to speak with perfect 
frankness, when I first read your letter I could not help 
exclaiming, ' Damn the Bath,' but when I reflected upon 
the flattering manner in which you expressed Yourself, 
upon your constant attention, and I presume to say, 
affectionate and friendly conduct towards me, I instantly 
decided that you 77114 st be the best judge of what I oiight 
to have, and therefore I thought it my duty to present 
myself here." He well knows what I think of the thing 
itself, and therefore is the more pleased at the manner 
in which I take it. In fact I abhor the thing, but am deter- 
mined to take it kindly of Him, and altho' I admit that 

1 Lord Uxbridge was created a G.C.B. this month, when the Order was 

' The Prince Regent. 

1812-17] WHAT ABOUT VIENNA? 269 

after reading His letter appearances are against him, yet 
I cannot help thinking that Ld Bathurst, and perhaps the 
D. of Y., have run their rig upon hi7n as to the matter of 
numbering the Knights, and that he has never intentionally 
deceived me about it, for how can a Man write that you 
are to be the very first, whilst he at the same time knows 
that you are to be the 50th, or whatever number I am. 
But here is enough upon a foolish point of Vanity. Some 
have the Vanity to like this concern, I have the vanity 
(and it is equally and perhaps more vain) to dishke it 

The short view of the thing is this. If I deserve it at 
all, and ought to have it at all, (all things considered) I 
ought to have had it a long while ago. 

Before I got your letter I had sent you 3 Pheasants 
and tomorrow's Mail will take you 1/2 a Doe and 2 Ph. 
You know B.D. does not excel in the former article. The 
Party is just breaking up. It has been a very merry one, 
and I am ever affecy 3'ours, 


Earl of Uxbridge 

B. D., J any 21st, 181 5. 

My Dear Arthur, — I beheve I may as well decline the 
Chairs, havdng already a full allowance of uncomfortable 

Pray tell me what are your real ideas about Vienna. I 
hear on all sides that Stewart has no success there. If 
therefore a Vacancy shd occur, had you rather or rather 
not go ? I only wish to be prepared with an answer in 
case a question (from any quarter whatever) shd be put 
to me. I always inchne to beheve that every thing will 
in time find its Level. 

I shall go to town at the end of this Month or be- 
ginning of Feby. Pleasant ! Ly Ux. and the girls join 
me in best regards to Ly A., and I remain ever affecy 


I shot one day in Brereton Hanger by myself ! By dint 
of speed I had very good sport. My Brothers are too old 
for that place. 

270 LORD BURGHERSH [ch. iv 

Rev. G. Illingworth 

Rome, Jany 31, 1813. 

Dear Paget, — . . . Happy am I to say that we are 
turning homewards, and leave this place in a day or two 
for Florence — from thence it is our intention, unless some 
unexpected obstacles occur, to visit the Isle of Elba and 
just get a glimpse of its Governor. Never am I better 
pleased than when you and I agree about any subject that 
interests me — most completely am I of your opinion that 
no man ever so perfectly understood the people he so 
long ruled with a rod of Iron as Buonaparte did — ^but they 
deserved it and a thousand times worse if possible. How 
they are detested in this place ! Indeed I believe every 
where they have entered — and no wonder. Nothing could 
exceed the atrocity of their conduct in every particular — 
but I don't think he will ever again rule in France. No 
matter what the present governing powers are, they have 
such a tower of strength in Talleyrand, as I have always 
been given to understand, that it hardly signifies what they 
are. I saw something of Ld Burghersh at Florence as I 
passed through ; and it was my fault, or rather misfortune, 
not to see more of him. Unluckily I was very unwell 
there for some days and never left my room, which pre- 
vented my being able to avail myself of the civilities he 
was very well disposed to shew me. I had one dinner 
with him, not at all to my taste, an heterogeneous mixture 
that did not well assimilate, it had however one grand 
merit, it was very short, no great expenditure of the Bor- 
deaux or Champagne, though both were excellent. He 
favoured me with a perusal of his genuine dispatches to 
Government during the Campaign — they confirmed me 
in the persuasion I had long entertained that the late 
changes in France were the work of an Almighty power, 
and far beyond what could have been expected, or than 
was intended by the invading powers — but of this when 
we meet next. Our intended excursion to Sicily was 
given up, the moment we heard that quarantine must 
now be performed at Naples by every vessel coming from 
thence. And I am not sorry for it. 1 have seen enough, 
my mania for travelling is over, and I will now endeavour 
henceforward to take a leaf out of your book, and domesti- 

1812-17] MR. ILLINGWORTH 271 

cate ; provided indeed that I have any thing to do so 
with — for at this moment, and indeed for a fortnight past 
I have experienced no small uneasiness at not having 
receiv'd one line from Tidworth for an age. My wife's 
last letter was dated Novr 28th, and not one syllable 
has reached me since. Of Mrs A. Smith's death I have 
heard from two different quarters, before your letter con- 
firmed it, but not even a word from Tidworth about that 
event. I really never was so bewildered as I am with 
conjectures what dreadful misfortune their silence means 
for a time to conceal from me. I suppose the worst. 
Letters have arrived from Osborn and Mrs Compton several 
days posterior to that event ; so that if a letter had been 
sent to either of them for me, I must have received it — 
but there is no use in plaguing you with my grievances. 
To you who have seen everything I have lately passed 
through all accounts of the country would be insipid, but 
I have been most highly gratified. What must this City 
have been in the days of its grandeur ! It is now even 
" Majestic though in ruin." As a farmer I am puzzled to 
death with the Campagna di Roma and the Pontine marshes 
— for the latter I don't think your Dorsetshire underdraining 
plough would be of much service — though for the former, 
I verily believe that a good system of agriculture would 
get rid of all that malaria that is now complained of, and 
which for two or three months makes so large a district 
absolutely uninhabited. It now more resembles a desert 
than any thing I ever saw ; but in the summer time I 
understand not a soul ever sleeps there. This very day in 
one of the desolate streets of this place did I meet a shepherd 
with his flock of wretched half famished animals, that 
were brought there to graze on the productions growing 
between the stones and at the edge of the houses and 
garden walls, where there was nothing but a few weeds 
and nettles. You complain of snow &c. in England. We 
complain of almost unceasing rain. The Tiber was so full 
yesterday that it came into the streets and prevented the 
races in the Corso — today they took place and a pretty 
exhibition it was — it is now also the Carnival — tonight I 
have seen one of their masked balls at the Theatre. Once 
is quite enough of such exhibitions. I certainly was pre- 
judiced enough in favor of my country before I left it, 
but now I am ten times more so. Since I landed upon 



the Continent I have not seen one place that gave me 
an idea of comfort equal to what is seen in that blue win- 
dowed cottage of yours, where the demure Halse and 
plump Jolin reside. Judge then if I have yet seen a Palace, 
among the profusion in this town and Naples, equal in all 
respects to Cowesfield House. Never mind the climate — 
stay where you are — for a moment all their tinsel and 
glitter and show can never be put in competition with the 
solids and substantials of England. As I said before, we 
leave this place in a day or two, and except the deviation 
from our course to the Isle of Elba, we shall proceed home- 
wards as fast as may be ; intending however to take Venice, 
Milan, and Geneva on our way to Paris — this trip to Elba 
would have been performed previous to our coming here, 
but unfortunately about fourscore criminals from Leghorn 
had broke loose and were playing the deuce in all that 
country. By this time I suppose they will have scoured 
the woods of these, though I can't say much for the Police. 
Compton expects his wife with either her father and brother 
to meet him at Paris — and he proposes a little tour with 
her to the Rhine and Holland — for myself, after a glimpse 
or two at the plundered spoils of Italy, which now adorn the 
Louvre instead of the Vatican, I shall hasten to Tidworth 
— and it won't be many days afterwards, before I shall pay 
you a visit in due form at breakfast some morning ; just 
to be quite sure that you are there, before I venture on 
a longer. Beardmore's death was a grievous shock to my 
friend here — most bitterly did he lament, indeed still 
laments, that he was absent and deprived of the melan- 
choly satisfaction of paying the last tribute of affection 
in attending the remains of his dearest friend to their 
long home, however he is better than I could have expected 
— constant employment and a variety of objects prevent 
his brooding over it as he would otherwise do. After the 
opinion you have heard me express about the late Mrs 
A. Smith, I need say nothing about her death to you — but 
I am sorry I was absent when the event happened — for 
though she never in the smallest degree performed the 
part of a mother to any of them, still I know that her 
daughters would be in a good deal of grief upon the occasion, 
and I might have been of some little use to them — but 
what to think of all their silence I am quite at a loss. . . . 
If I succeed in getting to Elba, I shall probably give you 

1812-17] EDWARD'S SECOND WIFE 273 

another bulletin of my proceedings from Florence. Tootey- 
boy I am afraid must have forgot me ; and the young 
lady that I had the honor of making a Xtian of about this 
time last year is, I suppose, grown out of my knowledge. 
I hope and trust they and Lady A. are well, and then I 
know you can't be much otherwise — though I allow the 
snow must be a nuisance, as it must stop Mr. Tatham and 
his Clerk of the works from proceeding. They ought surely 
to have nearly done. How my works have gone on, not a 
syllable have I heard since I left home. Ever very truly 

G. Illingworth. 

Dowager Countess of Uxbridge 

ToRRiE House, Feby loth, 1815. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I have so much to thank you 
for that I ought sooner to have taken up my Pen. You 
have the advantage in your Silence at least, that one letter 
from you makes amends for thus being long in coming. 
For your sake I wish the same observation could be made 
of mine, but dull as they are, you must receive them from 
one, who never in her life varied in her affection for you, 
tho' I have been told you are not of this opinion, but 
cannot beheve you do me so much injustice. As good 
often comes out of Evil, so Edward has had the benefit 
of your proximity to Winchester, of which I find he has 
frequently availed himself. Your letter upon the subject 
of his Marriage ^ is extremely entertaining, and Louisa 
and I cried out, " how like Arthur ! " I conclude it will 
take place soon. I am happy that he has decided on going 
to Surbiton. I am glad to find by a letter from dear Charles 
that you have both urged him to ask the Duke of York 
for some appointment. I hope he will succeed, but I am 
afraid the Regent has more to do with these things than 
the dear Duke. I cannot agree with H.R.H. that the Red 
Ribbon ' is increased in Value by these new Additions. 
I should have said quite the Contrary, and could wish that 
that Old Order had been kept to its original Number, and 

1 General Hon. Edward Paget, after being released from his captivity 
in France, became engaged to Lady Harriet Legge, daughter of the 3rd 
Earl of Dartmouth, and they were married in February 18 15. 

2 The Order of the Bath. 

274 "ALL HUMBUG" [cH. iv 

a New One created for these that he deemed worthy. How 
astonished our beloved King would be if he was ever, 
please God, to recover his reason ! I am perfectly per- 
suaded, and I think on good ground, that he is by no Means 
in the State that he is represented. I find by a letter from 
Mr. Tatham that you have not allow'd the alteration in 
my dressing room to be charged to me. I am really hurt 
at this, notwithstanding Edward would say it is all humbug, 
and you must recollect it was upon that Condition I con- 
sented to have it done. You are too, too good, my dearest 
Arthur. Your account of precious little Julia delights me. 
God bless her, her darhng Brother and your two dear 
selves. The enclosed Louisa has desired me to send. We 
expect the Galloways next Week. I hope this heavenly 
Weather will continue for their journey. I do not think 
that dear soul Charles seems to be in good spirits, and 
yet there is nothing in his letters that directly implies it. 
There is something in his being low that perfectly kills 
me. I have had a most kind letter from Mary on the 
subject of Edward. Sir James and Lou send every thing 
most kind to you all. Ever yr most affecte Mother, 

J. u. 

Rev. G. Illingworth 

Florence, Feby 14, 181 5. 

Dear Paget, — I wrote to you the other day from Rome, 
in answer to yours which I received there, but as at present 
for some unknown reason there is a stop put to all com- 
munication between Italy and England by the post, it is 
possible you may never receive it. I have an opportunity 
of sending to England by Ld Lucan, who goes there in 
two or three days, and I shall put this under cover of the 
letter I shall write to Tidworth. We put in execution last 
week our projected excursion to Elba. In spite of the 
misery of a felucca and the wretched accomodations we 
met with in that Island, the trip there answered our fullest 
expectations — the weather was very favorable, and we 
were lucky enough to get a sight of the fallen Emperor 
very soon after we got there. H'e was returning from his 
usual airing in a Barouche and four Bertrand at his side, 
and we could hardly have had a better view of the man 
who has caused more real misery in the world than any 

1812-17] AT ELBA 275 

other tyrant that ever was sent as a scourge into it. He 
looks stout, sturdy, and well. The little town of Porto 
Ferraio is crowded with his soldiers. I understand he has 
two thousand there — the officers were very gay ; for there 
was the deuce to pay among them, as they were most of 
them in masquerade, employed in burying the Carnival, 
it being Ash Wednesday when we were there. We are 
now reposing here for a few days after racketing over a 
great deal of country these last six weeks — preparatory to 
our starting homewards ; and I don't despair, if all is 
well, of seeing you at Cowesfield before April is over. Ld 
Burghersh seems to be as comfortably settled as need be. 
He has shown us every civility in his power, and it is our 
own fault we have not seen more of him ; as we have 
declin'd all his invitations (except one) upon some pretext 
or other. Last night he was at home to all Florence and 
today he has been here to reproach us for our neglect of 
him in not having gone there. He had delightful Music 
— a Duchess performing, who is superior to any of those at 
the Opera, and then such a tenor ! At Elba for some time 
we were in no small astonishment at seeing an English 
Carriage in a felucca, with " The Countess of Jersey " 
written upon it as a direction — we were told by the boatman 
that her Ladyship was going to leave Elba the next morning. 
Of course we conceived it must be the English Countess- 
Dowager of that name — ^but we found out afterwards that 
it is a French lady, who has assumed that title, and who 
has been to Elba, as is shrewdly suspected, with a design 
on Bonaparte's heart. After a short stay there she found 
she had no chance in that quarter. He stands in need 
neither of wife or mistress, as his Sister, the Princess Pauline, 
is there with him and is supposed amply to supply every 
deficiency he might otherwise experience on that score. 
Of this I understand no secret whatever is made — my 
informant was Sir Neil Campbell, a sort of English spy 
there, to whom Ld Burghersh recommended us. You will 
suppose that I have travelled myself out of all conjugal 
and fraternal feeling when I can thus write to you, and 
at the same time tell you that the last letter I received 
from my wife was dated Novr 28 — very near three months 
ago ! ! The fact is, I never was half so much annoyed 
about any thing in my whole life. I have not yet heard 
from Tidworth of the death of Mrs A. Smith — though there 

276 NO LETTERS [ch. iv 

was ample time for me to have heard from thence, if I had 
been wTitten to, before this present embargo had taken 
place. No letters from France have arrived for three weeks. 
We were here told that they were stopped in the King of 
Sardinia's territory in consequence of some dispute between 
that Court and the French about the right of the Couriers 
of the latter to convey the Mails through Piedmont — but 
today Ld Burghersh has heard from Mr Hill, the EngHsh 
Minister at Turin, that the letters are stopped somewhere 
in France ; and that the French Ambassador himself 
has received no letters for a considerable time. All this 
is quite unintelligible — ^but I know that the effects to me 
are most distressing. I have plagued and tormented 
myself with conjectures what could possibly induce both 
my wife and her sisters not to wTite to me on the death 
of their mother, in which case I should have received 
their letters, for Compton's have reached him to the date 
of J any 2nd — but why should I bother you with all this — 
though God knows little else can I think of. We mean to 
set off the 20th. Compton's carriage won't be ready sooner ; 
as it now is undergoing what a sailor would call almost a 
thorough repair — it has stood the journey from Havre to 
Naples and back to this place without our meeting with a 
single accident. We return by Venice, Milan, Turin, and 
Geneva to Paris. In Venice or Geneva we hope to have 
some tidings from home ; if I do not, I shall be nearly 
distracted and post off to England as speedily as may be. 
Compton expects his wife and her father to meet him at 
Paris. My stay there at all events will be but a short one ; 
and I hope in the course of a few weeks to have the pleasure 
of seeing you at Cowesfield — then you shall see what a 
fixture I shall be at Tidworth. As for yourself, permit me 
to say, if you consult your real happiness, never, never, 
let the thought of a foreign diplomatic station enter your 
mind — in my opinion it must all be wretched work to a 
man who sees and estimates things according to their 
intrinsic worth as you do. I have, as you know, a great 
regard for and a good opinion of Ld Burghersh — I heartily 
wish he was not here — by all accounts it is a miserable 
place of residence for a young married man with a young 
gay wife. I fear that there is not ballast enough in either 
of them to keep all steady. I hope my fears will prove 
groundless. Ld Lucan leaves sons and daughters in this 

1812-17] NEWS FROM VIENNA 277 

place and travels as quick as may be to England with his 
eldest daughter to see her safely married to a son of the 
Archbishop of York's — it seems that the Archb. after a 
long demur has given his consent to the marriage, but 
insists on the ceremony taking place in England — so that 
the order of things is a httle reversed, and the bride posts 
off to find the bridegroom, contrary to the custom of the 
Antients. I hope and trust Ly A. and your sweet children 
are well. Two days only shall I allow myself at Tidworth 
(if ever I get there again) before I ride over to see you all. 
Ever yours, 

G. I. 

Mr. Sheldon 

London, 14/A Feby, 1815. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — Monsr de Neumann returned from 
Vienna about a fortnight ago, but his departure had 
been so long delayed, and his setting out was so 
sudden, that he only brought us one of the many 
Letters that had been announced — and which we shall 
probably receive by Monsr de Bombelles, who was to 
follow him soon. 

In that Letter they give a sad account of the loss of 
Rasoumoffski ^ by his fire. I copy the passage about it. — 
" Monsr de Rasotimoffski a donne une fete le jour de la St. 
Catherine, qui etait la plus belle chose que j'ai vue de ma 
vie, et feu de semaines apres, la veille du Jour de L'An, la 
moitie, et la plus telle moitie de cette superbe habitation, la 
nouvelle pariie, que vous n'avez point cotmue, a ete entierement 
consumee par les flammes. C'est une perte de cent mille 
ducats, et ce qu'il y a de plus fdcheux, c'est pour lui la perte 
de sa puissance journaliere, et du bonheur de sa vie. Biblio- 
theque, Gravures, Statues, Tableaux, tout a peri dans six 
h cures." 

And I fear from what Monsr de Neumann says he is not 
very certain of being Ambassadeur apres le Congres. He 
states him to be quite out of favour with the Emperor 
Alexander, who is surrounded by his enemies, who are 
constantly observing to him the impropriety of his having 
laid out such immense sums in a Foreign Country. The 

1 The Russian Ambassador at Vienna, where the Congress of the Allies 
was being held, and it was said " on danse niais on ne marche pas." 


Emperor of Austria, King of Denmark, and others were at 
the fire at seven in the morning, but the Emperor of R. 
never came there at all, and on a Lady's expressing her 
surprise to him at a ball at night at Mde de Zichy's, that 
he, whose subject he was, had not appeared there, he 
coolly answered, in turning away, '' Je ne pouvois pas 
eteindre le feu." However he still enjoys the protection of 
the Grand Duchess.^ N. says poor Christine Kinski is in 
a most deplorable way, ... she may live a year. Your 
Excellency, I think some time ago . . . wish about some 
Champaign. I told you then that I had imported a panier. 
I never tasted it till last [night] when I tried a bottle, and 
I think it is impossible there can be finer wine. I got it 
from Monsr Mouet at Epernay, who has the best Cham- 
paign in France, and my reason for mentioning to your 
Excellency now is, that I was surprised the other morning 
by a visit from Monsr Mouet, who informed me that it 
was his intention to take a cellar, to have some of his wine 
in this Country, and that he expected to receive as on 
Saturday last, about 18 ou 19 caisses de Vin de Champagne 
de la premiere qualite. The Caisses contain 72 bottles, 
but anybody may be furnished with any quantity they 
please. He stays here, he said, till about the 20th or 
24th of this month. If your Excellency has any orders 
now or later I shall execute them with . . . Most truly 

C. Sheldon. 

Dowager Countess of Uxbridge 

ToRRiE House, 22 Feb., 181 5. 

. . . What a Tragedy is this of the poor Duke of Dorset 1 ^ 
My heart aches for his wretched Mother. It is very re- 
markable the number of Heads of great families that have 
fallen victims to Hunting. ... I am ever your most truly 
affectionate Mother, 

J. Uxbridge. 

* The Grand Duchess of Oldenburg, sister of the Emperor Alexander, 
over whom she wielded great influence. 

2 The 4th Duke of Dorset had been killed by a fall from his horse when 
out hunting near Dublin, aged twenty-one. 

1812-17] DEATH'S SHORT NOTICE 279 

Colonel Leigh 

Six Mile Bottom, Fehy 2^ih, 1815. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — ... I quite agree with you 
about Death, he gives but short notice sometimes. The 
Duke of Dorset's was a melancholy end. 

Mrs. Leigh would be delighted to renew her acquaint- 
ance with Lady Augusta, and make yours, and her only 
recommendation to you would be, she is very fond of 
children. You can have no idea what a fine day we had 
yesterday, to-day it has been as cold as Xmas. I went 
with my wife and Milly to dine with Lord Osborne ^ yester- 
day at Gogmagog Hills. I think you would like him ; he 
is very clever and full of fun. Charles Wyndham is at 
Newmarket looking very ill. I have sent Sir Harry a 
brace of Greyhounds. I suppose he will make you a visit 
soon. I rather think Ld Sackville ' does not get much 
by changing his Title. . . . Very sincerely yours, 

G. Leigh. 

Rev. G. Illingworth 

Payerne, March gth, 1S15. 

Dear Paget, — I give you one more Epistle from the 
Continent, that you may not suppose me forgetful during 
my wanderings of an absent friend. A few days after I 
wrote to you under Mrs L's cover, which Ld Lucan took 
charge of, we left Florence, and have made tolerable expedi- 
tion in our way homewards ever since. In the expectation 
of letters we went round by Venice ; but as usual were 
disappointed. Thank God, at Milan I at last received 
tidings of my family that all are well as far as Parsonage was 
concerned — not exactly the same with regard to Mrs 
A. S., who seems to be in a precarious way and approaching, 
as far as I can understand, to what is called a break up of 
the constitution. I fancy you have travelled over all 
the country I have just passed — no wonder the French 
should so frequently have set their hearts on getting pos- 
session of it — and it is somewhat surprising that so often 

1 Lord Francis Godolphin Osborne, second son of the 5th Duke of 
Leeds, is probably intended. 

2 The second Viscount Sackville succeeded his cousin as 5th Duke of 
Dorset, but the latter's estates passed to his sisters, Ladies Amherst and 
De La Warr. 


as they have for a time succeeded, after a Httle while they 
have been always expelled with disgrace. No place that 
I have seen in Italy has suffered by the French invasion 
so much as the City of Venice. From Padua to the sea- 
coast the whole way was covered with Villas, belonging to 
the Nobles and merchants of that place, to the amount of 
several hundreds. They are all abandoned, deserted, and 
fast hastening to tumbling down. I understand that all 
the owTiers of them were nearly utterly ruin'd, but they 
deserved it. Had they defended their city, which they 
could have done with the greatest ease, they never would 
have known what French fraternity meant, but in order 
to save their homes on the Shore, they not merely admitted 
a French Force into Venice, but sent their own ships to 
convey them over — they have been properly rewarded. It 
is a proud contemplation to think that honest John Bull 
has been the only one that has escaped the French embrace. 
At Milan Compton met with a second-hand copy of [ ? ] 
D'Alba's Maps, of which you have got so fine a one. We 
have travelled with it in our hands ever since, and have 
found it most wonderfully correct, much more so than any 
Map I ever saw on the same scale. Ever most truly yours, 

G. Illingworth. 

Gen. Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

[? May, 1 815.] 

My Dear Good Arthur, — I have been at Surbiton for 
the last week and returned to Town today. My mother 
who, Poor Soul, is never without a grievance is now lament- 
ing the Loss of her fat but excellent Gardener who died 
on Tuesday. ... So you really have not Vanity enough 
to expect to see me and the Ladi Henriette at your Poor 
Place. You are quite right, as we are exactly the sort of 
People who limit our Excursions to Chatsworth and the 
like. . . . Let me know when your Peaches and green Peas 
are ready and then we will further discuss this Subject. 
Excellent Accounts from Paget,' who appears nothing less 
than Hand and Glove with Duke Welhngton. . , . 

E. P. 

* Lord Uxbridge, having joined the Army in the Netherlands, com- 
manded the Cavalry at Waterloo, where he lost a leg. Dr. Hume, the 
surgeon who amputated the limb, " spoke with rapture " of the earl's 
firmness under the operation " and said his pulse did not alter." — Reminis- 
cencts of the Duke of Wellington, by ist Earl of Ellesmere, p. 159. 

1812-17] WATERLOO 281 

Hon. Berkeley to Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

SuRBiTON, Thursday Morng [22 June, 1815], 1/2 past 11. 

My Dear Charles, — I write this from Surbiton, and 
send it by express to apprize you, which I have akeady 
done to Lady Uxbridge, of poor Paget's Misfortune. He is 
going on as well as possible, having suffered the amputation 
of his right Leg. There was a desperate Battle ^ on the 
18th, in which Duke of Wellington's Army has completely 
defeated that of Buonaparte, and taken two hundred and 
ten pieces of Cannon. The news arrived last night between 
eleven and twelve. I saw Lord Bathurst, who shewed 
me a Letter from Lord Apsley, who had seen Paget after 
the operation ; he was going on in every respect most 
favourable, and was in high spirits. I brought down a 
few lines which he wrote to Lady Uxbridge after the am- 
putation had taken place. It is above the knee. The 
Cavalry have done wonders. Percy, who brought the 
Dispatches and whom I saw, says it was the admiration of 
every body, and Paget's Conduct and arrangement most 
brilliant and admirable. That every body thought him 
well off with only a wound, for he was every where in the 
thick of it. The loss has been' very severe. Never was 
such loss in officers, and tho' no regular return of killed 
and wounded accompany Duke of Wellington's Dis- 
patches, we know of many officers of Distinction, who have 
suffered. General Picton and Sir Wm Ponsonby ; and 
Frederick Howard, who married Lady Anne Wyndham's 
daughter — killed. One of the Somersets, but which I 
cannot make out, either Edward, or Fitz Roy, lost an arm, 
and I also heard it named that Lord John Somerset was 
killed. But all was in such a hurry and confusion when I 
went to Castlereagh's House for Information, and being 
alone anxious at that moment about Paget I did not learn 
so much as an unconcerned Enquirer might have picked 

Lady Uxbridge ^ really bears it with a resignation and 
calmness, that do her immortal Credit. She is as rational 

* The battle of Waterloo. 

2 " Mrs. Cadogan says without much beauty, without much cleverness, 
without any one particularly attractive quality that can be defined, 
this same Lad^ Paget [Lady Uxbridge] is the most fascinating of human 
beings to man or woman, that she governs him despotically." — Ld. G. L.- 
Cowct's Correspondence, ii. 428. 

282 LORD UXBRIDGE [ch. iv 

as possible and thoroughly grateful that his Hfe is spared. 
In short I never saw finer Conduct. She talks of going 
over to him, and I have offered my Services to accompany 
her, which she gladly accepts. However we shall see 
more about it tomorrow. In the mean time she is going 
back to Town with us. I brought Lauderdale down with 
me, as I thought if any Eloquence was wanting, he would 
be a great assistance. Lady Ux. was very glad to see him, 
but she behaves so well, that his Oratory was not called 
in. I hope this will reach you before the report of the 
Battle reaches you in a mutilated state, tho' indeed this 
is but an imperfect sketch. However as it contains an 
account, all that is known, of Paget's safety, it is better 
than a newspaper account. Lady Uxbridge has letters 
from Tripp and Fraser, who are both with Paget, and give 
the most favourable Report. I hope my poor dear Mother 
will hear this News with resignation — my very best love 
to her. Of course Paget will have honors conferr'd on 
him. Lauderdale and I have made him a Marquis,* and 
given him a Blue Ribbon, Yr most affectionate 

B. Paget. 

Hon. Berkeley Paget 

Worthing, Oct., 1815. 

My Dear Arthur, — ^A Letter from you to Sophia fol- 
lowed me here, and but that I hold a Seal to be sacred, I 
shd have much liked to have seen the Contents, as I hoped 
it might be to announce the safe arrival of another Banthng. 
Sophia this morning in her Letter tells me the Event has 
taken Place, and I very sincerely trust that Augusta and 
the young one ^ are going on as well as possible. If the 
Regent postpones his journey a little longer, I suppose 
you can hardly escape going to B. Desert to meet him. I 
hope Farming prospers. 

My old Bones are beginning to derive benefit from Sea 
Bathing and I dare say a perseverance in it will set me up 
again, and I shall go in a few days, I think, to Brighton, to 
see whether I can get a House to hold my family for a 

1 The guess was good, Lord Uxbridge being created Marquis of Anglesey 
in the following month, and a Knight of the Garter in 181 9. 

2 Laura, third daughter of Sir Arthur Paget, was born October, 1815, 
married her cousin, the 2nd Lord Templemore. 





1812-17] HOUSE-HUNTING 283 

few weeks on reasonable Terms. If so, I shall have them 

We have had some twisting S. Westers here, but it is a 
bad Place for seeing any thing afloat, nothing but Herring 
Boats which don't appear to me to be much employed. I 
have only had one hard Roe since I have been here. Love 
to A. The young Fry all well, I hope. Yrs, whilst this 
machine is to him, 


Gen. Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

Beau Desert, 22,d Oct., 1815. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I have been sadly negligent in 
having suffer'd one whole Month to pass without thanking 
you for your very kind Letter, and I am afraid I owe it to 
a very soaking wet day that even now I take my Pen in 
hand. Would that I had your facihty of Composition, 
and you should not have such frequent and just Cause of 
Complaint against Me. If I could have waver'd about 
Lee, your Letter would have fixt me. So infernal a hole 
never did Gentleman eat a Meal in, and heartily do I wish 
I was well rid of it ; and therefore instead of abusing it, 
I beg you will recommend it to all your friends as a most 
desirable Villa within an hour's Walk of 'Change. Since 
I came into Staffordshire, I have been to see Ashbourne 
Grove, but was not at all taken with it. There is a House 
at Shenstone or at least within less than half a mile of it, 
called Shenstone Lodge, which would suit me very well 
but unfortunately it belongs to a most capricious old Lady, 
who never knows her mind for twenty four Hours. Having 
lived at Stafford she removed to Shenstone ; quarreUing 
with Shenstone she removed to Lichfield ; quarrelling with 
Lichfield she returned to Shenstone, and having now re- 
quarrell'd with Shenstone she is now gone to live at Stafford. 
I have taken all the necessary Steps to obtain it, if it is 
to be had, and I heartily wish I may succeed. It is in a 
very pretty country three miles from Lichfield on the 
road to Birmingham, consequently very nearly in the 
centre of everything I wish to be near in this Country. 
But there is no use in giving any further Account until I 
know what prospects I have of getting it. It's very com- 

284 THE ARCHDUKES [ch. iv 

lortable with all sorts of convenient Offices, Stables, &c., 
and twenty acres of very nice pasture. I remained here 
at Beau Desert for a fortnight when I first came down, 
then went to Sandwell * for a week and return'd here last 
Thursday. All remains in statu quo and is likely to remain 
so. I had to decide between going to Sandwell or making 
Harriet miserable, and therefore I went. Today Paget 
has received a Deputation from Burton with an Address 
and Silver Case, which is really very handsome. He since 
has, for the first time since he returned from Bradford, 
been putting on his Leg. It is certainly very clever, but 
I fear it will be long ere he is reconciled to it. Graves 
and Singleton are expected today from town, and our 
Regent announced himself for Sunday or Monday next. 
I hope, my dear fellow, you will be able to join the 


E. P. 

Mr. Sheldon 

London, 315^ Oct., 1815. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — I return Your Excellency our best 
thanks for your kind present of the most delicious Pork 
I ever tasted, which we feasted on yesterday, and of which 
my Brother partook, who begs me to make you his com- 

The Archdukes went to Newmarket yesterday, are 
expected back to day and on Thursday proceed, I under- 
stand, to Beau Desert where the Regent has given them 
rendezvous on their way to Scotland. Young Woyna 
is appointed to travel with them as Interpreter from his 
speaking English so well. I don't think they will add 
much to the gaiety of your Party at Beau Desert. The 
morning after their arrival Wautier waited on them with 
much concern in finding they had not tasted a drop of wine 
of any sort, fearing they had not liked the list of the wine 
he had sent, when the Count de St. JuHen informed him 
their Imperial Highnesses never drank any. They were a 
little surprised at the length of the sitting at Carlton 

La Gardie, the Swedish Minister at Vienna before Arm- 

» Lord Dartmouth's* 


feld, is just arrived from Paris for a few days — I believe 
your Excellency did not know Lord Minto was then at 

Chas. H. E. Sheldon. 

Earl of Galloway 

Novy 2'jth, 1815. 

My Dear Arthur, — ^The sight of your Hand always 
gratifies me. I do not value my friends according to the 
number of their letters, nor do I ever consider reciprocity, 
I see Johnson says I must say reciprocation, of letters ; 
People write more or less according to habit, and leisure 
from other avocations ; you have much leisure, but not 
the habit — I have much the habit, but little leisure for 
letters unconnected with business. 

What shall we first talk about ? not about self, who 
always first intrudes. Jane has informed Augusta, I 
believe, that we must remain stationary until Garlies * 
returns to Harrow — he is not a Gentleman to be left major- 
Domo — I expect that may be about J any loth — afterwards, 
if we are brisk and merry, and not snow'd up as Moore's 
Almanack portends, I believe, I shall feel much incUned to 
cross country to Cowesfield ; I would much rather jaw 
with you on many subjects over a little Claret, than prose 
in Ink. 

Your Brother's Establishment is altogether so good 
and well understood, that the Regent would only cause 
him a little more consumption of wine and provisions — 
and I dare say he made all his Guests most pleased. I 
should have liked to have seen the black-cocks and pheasants 
trained to fly to the Regent's gun, and Graves swearing 
no Regent ever shot so well before — Mary under the in- 
fluence of some other Household Admiration. But " Don't 
make such a pother, for they will all be Kings in their 
turn," says Enniskillen. I should suspect Cheveley to 
quiz everybody that did not suit Newmarket and fox 
hunting — but Lord Chatham understands a wellbred 
Gentleman ; I do enjoy the flying tour of these Arch- 
Dukes, whose Heads must return like a Cook's Compot — 
replete with the Confusion of every variety of manufacture 

1 Lord Galloway's eldest son. 

286 REDUCED RENTS [ch. iv 

Hodge-podge — and viewing our Scotch Scenery under 
Snow. However perhaps a white Covering may prove 
more friendly to us than the russet Brown underneath, 
which a good national guide may thus conceal. 

My own affairs are only a little worse, I conceive, than 
every other Landed Proprietor's in the Kingdom — pro- 
ceeding from my having a great debt, and no spare capital 
but by selling land, now of course at a loss. You are 
right, plenty from two good Harvests, and reduced 
Governmt Consumption by Army, Navy, &c. is the chief 
cause, our Corn Bill also being one year too late ; time 
only can correct this Extreme, and will correct it in a 
certain degree. 

But the great Evil is, that the correction will come after 
much mischief will be done, and even then scarcely meet 
the difficulty unless Income Tax is given up ; that is if it 
can be spared. 

The expence of cultivation, and local tithes and taxes, 
in fact leaves no surplus Rent for landlord unless provisions 
sell high. Wages of labour will slowly fall, but articles 
required of all sorts will scarcely alter to signify — kept 
up by a tremendous, tho' necessary, taxation for years to 
come. Many Landlords (without Income Tax is restored) 
cannot afford to reduce their rents, they are therefore 
preferring to get their arrears, which exhausts the remaining 
capital of the tenant, causes him to pay up, but to quit, 
and hundreds of farms are now unoccupied, all thro' England, 
more than in Scotland, where I believe Landlords have 
more given way, because long leases will not bear touching, 
or taking away from a Tenant, whereas short, or EngUsh, 
leases are sooner leased again, and the loss less dangerous, 
time being shorter. I have had to reduce my rents of the 
last 9 years abating one third for last year, and this year, 
certain, and to continue, if the Cause continues, but which 
I trust will not after this year to come. This reduction is 
equal to one half of my past disposable income, after all 
my family payments, interest of debts &c. are paid. There- 
fore your humble Servant is no more " the great Lion of 
Galloway," as called by Ld Stair, but moves with a quiet 
pair of post-horses, keeps no carriage-horses, paid off man- 
cook &c. and is quite as happy as before, and to reward 
me I have the best woman-cook I think I ever met \vith, 
eager to make Augusta and you soup a L'ltalienne, ragouts 

1812-17] MR. SHELDON 287 

d la mode, &c. whenever you will move — Addio, all this 
you see is still Self. 


Mr. Sheldon 

London, i^th Feby, 18 16. 

Dear Sir Arthur, — I thank your Excellency for your 
last kind Letter, and shall in consequence leave our Friend 
Hardenberg to himself about his visit to Cowesfield, which 
Lord Anglesey has since confirmed to me that he told 
him at Brighton he should not be able to make. Your 
remark is very just, that so many excellent and good quali- 
ties should be borne down by such an extraordinary love 
of money, as not to be able to prevail on himself to spend 
ten Pounds to go to see the friend with whom of all others, 
I am sure, he had rather spend a few days. However such 
is his unconquerable aversion to spending money, I 
should imagine he is pretty well again, as I see by the 
papers he is figuring about with the Prince Leopold of 

The Archdukes dine tomorrow with Lord Anglesey, and 
he has been so good as to invite me to meet them. I took 
them the other day to the Tennis Court to see a match 
that Messrs. Lukin and Davis were so good as to play 
on purpose against Cox. They were highly gratified by it. 
They told me yesterday they hoped to set out next week. 
They were to have dined on Monday week at the Due 
Delachatre's when there was to have been a grande 
soiree for them, but the Queen has invited them to Frog- 
more on that day, so that I don't know when or whether 
the Due's party will take place. Paul Esterhazy call'd 
here yesterday, and there is to be a day, if they can, 
before they go, en petit comite at his House — of which I 
am to be, that we may talk over Vienna. A propos of 
Vienna, I had a Letter a few days ago from my 
Brother from Prague in which he says that the poor 
Princesse Lobkovitz, femnie de noire ami le Boiteux, had 
died there a few days before. I fancy if ever we 
return to Vienna we should have a new set of acquaint- 
ance to form. 

The Archdukes told me that Litta is made Head of the 



Guard at Milan. Esterhazy has been about a House in 
my Street, the late Duchess of Chandos', and I am told is 
now treating with Ld Grey for his. Ld G. wishes to sell, 
and asks £20,000 tor his House. They say P. Esterhazy 
has offer'd him £2,000 a year for three years certain if he 
will let it. Ld Mansfield's House is also to be sold and 
Ld Fortescue's to be let — so much for the Landed Interest ! 
It is very true that Ld Pembroke has come into an immense 
fortune under Ld Fitzwilliam's ^ will — a very singular one, 
tho' I am glad Ld Pembroke is benefited by it. He has 
left two Brothers — to John, the present Viscount, an 
annuity of £700 a year — to his other brother nothing at 
present, but the same annuity if he survives John. To 
two natural sons £700 a year annuity each, to the Wife 
of one £1500 for Hfe, and to their child £700 for Life. To 
his Steward and his wife in Ireland his place of Mount 
Merrion near Dublin for Life, and a clear annuity of £600 
for life to each. To the University of Cambridge all his 
fine Pictures, Prints &c., which Burns employed by Ld P. 
have valued at £24,000, and besides to the University a 
hundred and some thousand Pounds Stock, which Ld 
Pembroke says, according to the present state of the Funds, 
makes above £62,000 to buy and build a Museum or Place 
for them. To Ld P. all his Property in Wiltshire, Shrop- 
shire, Principality of Wales, and Ireland for life, and 
then to Sidney Herbert, his son by the present Lady P., 
and makes Ld P. his residuary Legatee. He has left 
annuities to above £5000 a year — charged on his funded 
Property, which is immense. Ld P. allows that at present 
he gets above £12,000 a year to spend — and six thousand 
more will fall in hereafter. He has also the House at 
Richmond, Plate &c. They found upwards of £24,000 
in his bankers' (Childs) hands. He has made my Brother 
William (the one who was lately so ill) and one other 
Person his Trustees for carrying the intentions of his 
Will into effect and a Legacy of £1000 to each, I wish 
he had given us the South Sea Stock instead of Cambridge. 
You may suppose such a will is a good deal abused. Most 
truly yours, 

Ch. H. Sheldon. 

» Richard, yth Viscount Fitzwilliam In the peerage of Ireland, died 
February 4th, 1816. 


Countess of Uxbridge 

Bishops Court, April ist, 1816. 

My Dearest Arthur, — Instead of the very dear letter 
I have just received from you, I deserve your reproach 
for not having acknowledged your former kind and most 
agreeable one. It is not idleness that has occasioned my 
silence. A Mind weighed down by sorrow is better left 
to itself, and ought not to intrude itself upon those we 
love. . . . Your account of Paget is upon the whole satis- 
factory, tho' whilst there is the appearance of another 
splinter, poor soul ! he cannot be without pain. It is 
quite dreadful what he has gone through. I am very 
glad you have been at the Pavilion, and made an acquaint- 
ance with the Prince of Cobourg.^ Your report of him is 
very satisfactory and corresponds with all I had before 
heard. I lean to The Queen's, and not the Regent's opinion, 
for I think a Marriage of this sort ought not to be private. 
It seems hard that the Parties are to see so little of each 
other, but I don't understand Court Etiquette. I meant 
to have offer'd myself to you and dear Lady Augusta this 
Week, but Lord Graves ^ being again call'd to Town in- 
duces me to postpone the happiness of a Visit to Cowesfield 
till he returns. I have so few Opportunities of being of 
use to anybody that I avail myself of it on the present 
occasion, as perhaps I am of a little to Mary in his absence. 
All his children have been ill, and not out of doors for six 
weeks. She has been sadly fagged, but the little Posy 
has not suffer'd. I am truly concerned to hear of the 
declining state of your friend Mr. Illingworth's health and 
of the Duke and Duchess of Argyll looking so ill, but Car 
assures me they are much better now. ... I cannot guess 
when Lord Graves will return. These are times that People 
ought to be at their Post. I am ever your most truly 
affect. Mother, 

J. Uxbridge. 

1 Prince Leopold of Coburg, who married Princess Charlotte this 

2 Lord Graves having written ' ' we are all well and merry and begin 
to spread our wings in the sunshine of this delightful weather," Berkeley 
Paget observed that " he must have a good stout Pair to get him ofi his 
Legs for a Flight." 

290 SO-CALLED SPRING [ch. iv 

Sir Harry Fetherstone 

April ^th, 1816. 

My Dear Arthur, — I shall most certainly have the 
pleasure of taking you and Lady Augusta by the hand on 
Easter Monday, and I propose staying with you till the 
Saturday following, provided you are willing to be troubled 
with me so long. It has always been my opinion that 
March was the most diabolical month of the year to pass 
in the Country (except to be employed as at Harborough 
formerly) and it is not likely to be shaken in 1816 : indeed 
April promises to add a little further strength to it, for 
in addition to a sharp frost at night with Sun and a cold 
wind per day an agreeable fog from the north this morning 
covered all the trees with as thick a rime as ever I saw in 
January. The season called Spring is done away with 
altogether and will only be found in Poetry. I have never 
seen Charles since his visit to Brighton ; he is come and 
gone in a moment. It would not suit either you or me to 
pass so much of our time in the Rocket, and I am sorry it 
suits any one to vote against retrenchment, which is the 
only salvation for the Country. Having no London cor- 
respondent but Delme, who is (if possible) ten times more 
cautious than ever since the Woburn fracas, I of course 
know nothing more (except what. I read in the papers) 
than the variation of odds on the Derby and some new 
whim of Joseph Manton's which interest me nearly alike. 
I conclude Sefton is coming into Parliament to back 
Brougham and that Sir Shelley will vote himself into either 
the old or the new Court. . . . Yours ever most truly, 

H. Fetherstone, 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

Fair Oak, ^th May, iSi6. 

My Dearest Arthur, — You are now, my good fellow, 
probably engaged in performing your last duty towards 
your poor departed friend,^ which you are most decidedly 
right in executing notwithstanding the therefore of Assheton 
Smith, and why should she or any other woman not attend 
the funeral of her Husband ? I am quite clear that if 
Husband or Wife are equal to such an effort they ought 

1 Mr. Illingworth. 

1812-17] SELF-INTEREST 291 

to be at liberty to exert it. Custom tells you not, because 
I suppose the performance of such a duty savours of not 
feeling much — in the estimation of the precious World. 
But you and poor Augusta know that, however grievous a 
loss may be, that there is at the moment even when the 
heart is rent with despair a paramount sense of duty and 
affection which supports the frame thro' the agonizing trial 
of attending the last sad ceremony, I knew you were to 
be apprized of, and to have the particulars, relative to 
Wilson's operations. 

. . . Neither have I received a single Line from my Mother 
since I wi'ote to her before I went to Cowesfield — in which 
Letter in my iinvarnish'd Language I regretted that she 
allowed herself to be any longer Humbugged by continuing 
for Graves' convenience at Bishop's Court. The fact, my 
dearest fellow, is that our good Mother has like most people 
her share of Humbug, and tho' it sounds very interesting 
and is highly creditable to her good Self to make the Sacri- 
fice she is doing by continuing her sojourn there, but at 
the same time I beUeve her House, or at least her own 
apartments, at Surbiton are not, or at least have not been, 
ready to receive her and that till they are so reported, take 
my word for it she will hold fast. However it is far from 
me to imply that the latter cause alone has detained her 
all this time in Devonshire. No doubt the best motives 
have had a great share in doing so. In the mean time I 
am not surprized at your feeling about it all as you do, 
especially as far as regards Graves, who no doubt (as I 
said to him the other day) is an exemplification in his own 
Person of the Sentiment, which he told me he was confident 
pervaded the breast of mankind in general, self-interest 
and self-enjoyment. However much it may be a ruling 
principle, he at least is the last man in tJiis world to condemn 
it in others, especially at the Moment he chose for morahzing, 
for he was then particularly acting under both impulses, 
and accordingly he will continue in Town. 

By the bye you may, or may not, have heard that he is 
like to have got into some trouble about this Devonshire 
Election. The Treasury had it that he was known to be 
employing his interest and influence for Ld Ebrington 
against the Government. ]\Iann and Arbuthnot wrote to 
Paget to complain and to beg him to exert his authority 
in preventing any further overt acts of Rebellion. Of 


cofirse Graves denied the Charge, but we know he can do 
one thing, and swear another. 

I think you will see Paget occasionally next, and the 
following, month— for he will occasionally be at South- 
ampton with his Cutter and I shall on those occasions 
join him there. My Lady I don't think will be of the party, 
but I can't exactly say, if she feels stout and well she will ; 
if not — not, and I should think not, from her already being 
unwieldy and complaining. He talks of stationing Horses 
and driving down his Curricle on these occasions, but that 
will end of course in the Chaise and quattuor. I am afraid 
I foresee an October in Wales ; if so I shall take Elizabeth 
and a couple of Children. 

So as usual, my good fellow, I have lots on hand, but 
never anything which gives me more pleasure than in 
going to see you and Augusta — and that I still hold myself 
engaged to do with Elizabeth, when you announce your 
expectation of our good Mother. . . . 


It is too bad sending you this Maintop bowline Scrawl. 
Marqiiis of Anglesey 

May 8th, 1816. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . You must know that there is 
a Ball ^ in hand. The Ladies Paget give it, and I have 
obtained permission to absent myself, and shall go out of 
town for a few days with Ly Ay at that time. It is fixed 
for Wednesday, the 22d of May, and I have no doubt 
that Ly Augusta and you will receive a Card in due form. 

... I am very sorry at what occurred at Tidworth. I 
do not lay much account to funereal pomp, but common 
decency required a very different course from that which 
was pursued in committing your poor friend lUingworth to 
the grave. Very affly yrs, 


P.S. You see I judged right and you are honoured with 
an invitation. 

^ " . . . and to be sure there was never anything I believe to equal it, 
especially the Supper, every one dish of which and every bottle of Wine 
at which was fit for a dinner at Carlton House."— Charles Paget. 

1812-17] LADY UXBRIDGE 293 

Countess oj Uxhridge 

SuRBiTON, 5$py 8th, [1816]. 

My Dearest Arthur, — I calculated that my last letter 
would reach you before the one I received from you today 
was written, but lest it should not do so, I must repeat 
my regret that The Queen's Commands to go to Windsor 
next Tuesday for a Week must deprive me of the pleasure 
of seeing you till I return, of which I will give you Notice. 
Why is Miss Laura not to be of the Party ? It will be 
not only cruel to leave her behind, but it will be a great 
disappointment to me not to see her ; so pray, pray, relent. 
And believe me, my dearest Arthur, your most truly affecte 


Gen. Hon. Sir Edward Paget 

Beau Desert, 26 Dec, 1816, 

My Dearest Arthur, — Your long and interesting Letter 
of the i8th was intitled to a more immediate acknowledg- 
ment and deserves a more elaborate Reply than the few 
scanty Moments that one can steal from one's Night's 
Rest (and this is truly the only time I can ever find at 
Beau Desert to devote to my Correspondents) enable me 
to give it. . . . Most completely and entirely do I agree with 
you in your Idea with regard to our good but impracticable 
Mother. I however feel some compunction in using this 
Epithet, as I was happy to find by a Letter received yester- 
day from Charles that he had succeeded in prevaihng upon 
her to go to town, and remain there a while for the sake 
of Medical Advice, in the Event of the failure of some 
Medicine, which she has recently taken in hand, in pro- 
ducing a salutary Effect. In the mean time whether the 
said Medicine or the inveterate Dread of going to town 
for this Purpose has had the Effect, is not for me to say, 
but I have been dehghted to hear from herself that she 
now obtains some Sleep and upon the whole feels better 
than when she came to Coolhurst. . . . Heaven grant that 
/ may be altogether wrong in my Speculations, and that 
you may be altogether wrong in yours when you figure 
him to yourself as consohng himself in the Company of 
that very great Scamp, Mr. Brummell. Tliink of Duke 

294 FARMING LORDS [ch. iv 

Wellington calling upon him when last at Calais ! ! ! This 
if true is vastly illjudged. I quite agree with you that 
the Lord Mayor of London is an excellent Lord Mayor of 
London, and he shall have my Vote for a third Year's 
Mayoralty. Of all the Men I have noticed in that Office 
(and this to be sure is not saying much) he seems to me 
to be the one whose whole and sole Object is the faithful 
and zealous discharge of his Duty. I say, "Long Hve the 
Mayor of London." But why, my dear Arthur, so bespatter 
my friend, the Lord-Lieutenant ? ^ Knowing as you do 
my Sentiments about Farms, and Bullocks and Sheep, and 
Farming Lords and Farming Ladies and Farming Gentle- 
men, you need not fear that I shall take up the Cudgels 
to defend him on this Head ; but I am quite clear that in 
adopting a sort of family fashion, you very much underrate 
his Cahbre. I beheve him to be a Man of exceedingly 
good and sound Understanding, of Apphcation and indus- 
try, well read, well travelled and well informed ; and 
who, had he not wasted his time amongst Farmers and 
Butchers and Bullocks and Turnips and so forth (Animals 
and Things which Gentlemen cannot in my Mind meddle 
with without soihng their fingers and brutifying their 
Understandings) would have had many more Advocates 
for his Appointment than he possibly has. Between him 
and Lord Hopetoun, I am free to confess that I should not 
hesitate in giving my Choice for the latter. And really 
after all when we recollect who have been Lord-Lieutenants 
of Ireland, with the Exception of Lord Whitworth, they 
seem in my Memory to have been all Bullocks and Rams. 
What a Bullock was the Marquis of Buckingham ! =" Then 
comes the Lincolnshire Ram, all Bones and . . . ! Who 
follows next ? Why Lord Hardwicke,' and then the Duke 
of Bedford, both Ram and Bullock Mad. From these 
Instances, instead of its being a Disparagement, one might 
be almost led to suppose that this Taste for Brute Beasts 
was a necessary Qualification in a Lord-Lieutenant. But 
the great Clock, which shakes my Chamber, has struck two, 

1 Charles, 2nd Earl Talbot. 

2 George, ist Marquis of Buckingham, Lord- Lieutenant of Ireland 1782. 
and again 1787. 

^J'^^-i^^^^ °^ Hardwicke, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, 1801-6, suc- 
ceeded by Gth Duke of Bedford, 1806-7. By the "Lincolnshire Ram" 
bir t P. may have meant the 1st Marquis CornwalHs, Lord Hardwicke's 
immediate predecessor. 

1812-17] SHOOTING PARTIES 295 

so I must hasten to conclude. In a few Words I came here 
with Francis last Monday happily too late to beat Brereton 
Hanger. Shot on Tuesday in Pigots Bottom, &c, Wednes- 
day Christmas Day, shot today at Haywood Park. Party 
— Ld Apsley, Singleton, Horace Seymour, self, spouse — 
Paget shooting as well as ever, and keener than I have 
long seen him. Girls and Boys all well, my Lady aihng. 
Ever most affectionately yrs, 

E. P. 

Sir Harry F ether stone 

21 Jan., 1817. 

My Dear Arthur, — Such are the vicissitudes of human 
affairs that, not many hours after my last, I found Lord 
Anglesey was stopped in London by a Royal fit of the Gout. 
He is to be at Lord Craven's (where Charles meets him) 
to-day, and certainly here with the Seftons on Thursday. 
I trust you will reach Uppark according to your present 
determination that you may at least have one day's board 
of works with the Duke of Richmond, who has proposed 
himself with Lord March for a couple of days, tho' I think 
it more than probable they may stretch a point for the 
Mill Hanger on Monday. I purpose the Lady Holt beat 
for Friday, the Bolton Plantations for Saturday, Mill Hanger 
Monday, and Llarting Warren on Tuesday. My great 
object will be to succeed for Lord Anglesey, but you know 
how precarious a business that must be here. Delme comes 
to-day, that we may have some wild fowl pour rots. 

Pray remember me to A. Smith andbeHeveme ever yours, 

H. F. 

Marquis of Anglesey 

UxBRiDGE House, Feby nth, 1817. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . Our poor Mother does not go 
on satisfactorily. Sometimes I think she will rally. Then 
again I despond. Yesterday I found her decidedly better. 
Today the report is unfavorable. Upon the whole, I doubt 
her restoration to health, or even a long existence, unless 
some early change takes place, at the same time I don't 
think she is in any immediate danger. I may now announce 


to you Car's intended Marriage with March.* He came 
to tell me yesterday that his Father consented, but cd do 
nothing for him. I could not oppose it, for barring pecu- 
niary concerns (which by the by is no small consideration 
in a tnenage) there was every thing to please me. He is 
a very nice Lad, and I heard nothing but good of him from 
all quarters. I need say nothing to you of Car. I declare 
I don't know how we can go on without her. Beheve me 

ever affly yours, 


Marquis of Anglesey 

[March], 1817. 

My Dear Arthur, — I was much alarmed by the morning 
report of my Mother. The day before yesterday I sent for 
Gladstone to see her. He has a very bad opinion of her 
case, and is for soothing medicines only, in order to make 
her as easy as possible. Yesterday there was a consulta- 
tion of physicians, and altho' I felt it to be my duty to 
have it, yet I portended mischief, as they will try something. 
The laudanum they gave her has disagreed with her, and 
last night was her worst of all in so much that she is 
unable to get up or to see anyone. The report however of 
Chilver is, that she has suffered much, but is not materially 
worse today. I cannot find any one of them, who thinks 
she is in immediate danger, but / cannot believe that she 
can last long in this dreadful state of suffering and debihty.^ 
You shall hear from me if there is any crisis. Ever affecly 



Chilver will not let Jane be sent for. You now know 
all I know. 

Capt. Hon. Charles Paget 

[Sept., 1817.] 

When I got to Portsmouth yesterday I found a Box 
containing a Gold Cup, inside of which was written on a 

1 The Earl of March, who succeeded his father as 5th Duke of Richmond 
in the year 1819, married Lady CaroUne Paget on April loth this year. The 
Duchess of Argyll, writing to announce the engagement to Sir A. Paget, 
said, " I am sure this news will please you almost as much as it does me." 

2 Lady Uxbridg* died March 9th, 1817. 

1812-17] THE REGENT'S CUP 297 

Sheet of paper the Lines 1 have copied on the other side. 
Who * could have sent it ? 

" This little Cup quite to the Brim 
I3 with good wishes sent by Him 
Who late with greater Folks did share 
Thy Courtesy and anxious Care. 

But tho' this little Cup were large 

As Dome of old St Paul 
Good wishes Thou so many hast 

It would not hold them all. 

And now to handsel it. I trust 

Thou wilt be nothing loth 
To fill it high and drink * Success 

To Royal George's — both.'" 

Round the rim of the Cup is inscribed "Royal George 
Yacht, [G. P. R.], Honble Capt. Paget. St. Vallery ; 1817, 
September ; Brighthelmstone." 

^ The Regent had been cruising in the Channel on board his yacht, 
commanded by Charles Paget. 



Marquis of Anglesey 

P. N., June 22nd, 1818. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . We have rare Weather for the 
Review, but too much for my pleasure, as I do not Hke a 
3 reefed Sail every day. The Elections are going on 
right. Berkeley will be chosen next Friday. Charles 
stays for it, and then goes off to prepare his other 
Yacht. We have had hardly any fair trials. I long to 
see him with Blue-Eyed Maid and I expect P.W. every 
day. As for Old Assheton ^ we will beat him bhnd. Ever 
affecy yours, 


Lady Graves 

. . June, 1818. 

My Dearest Arthur, ... I went for half-an-hour to 
Lady Salisbury's last night, where I saw the Regent, who 
invited me to come and sit down by him, and literally the 
couch was so small that we were wedged in, pleasant ! ! ! 
He complain'd grievously of His Great Toe, which I fear 
will prevent his making his appearance tomorrow night 
at the juvenile ball at Carlton House. However he told 
me he should take some quack medecine, I forget what, and 
lie in bed all today as his best chance of appearing tomorrow. 
The Queen ^ is gone to Kew, but not better. It is not 
supposed she can hold out very long. Mr. Hunt's^ Mob 
recognised Ld Castlereagh * on Saturday, when they pelted 

1 Assheton Smith. 

* Queen Charlotte died at Kew, November 17th, 1818. 
' " Orator " Hunt, a Radical leader. 

* Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. 


i8i8-4o] FLORENCE 299 

him unmercifully. He was very cool upon the occasion 
— made them several bows, and thanked them for the 
honor they had done him. In my opinion there is nothing 
so horrible and terrific as a London mob. , . . 

M. Graves. 

Lady Burghersh 

Florence,! Feby. 16th, 18 19. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — ... I now congratulate you 
both, and trust that poor Augusta's sufferings are at an 
end, and that her Health will now be quite re-established. 
I hope I shall follow her good example in a few months and 
succeed as well, for which purpose I am nursing myself 
and growing as selfish as possible, having adopted the rule 
of never putting myself out of my way for anybody. I 
hope the bad habit will not last after the cause has ceased. 
I had already heard the wonderful history of Berkeley's 
reformation (for we have as much gossip here from England 
as in London itself). I am dehghted that good Mrs. Berkeley 
has at last the reward of her excellent Conduct, for I trust 
she will find it a reward. Does he still go to Demerara ? 
I know nothing of the Capels' plans except that Ly C. 
desired I would let her know in the Spring what Houses 
were to be had for. I am afraid this place would never 
suit them as to economy, for owing to the shoals of English, 
which increase every year, every thing has trebled in price 
— and I also fear Cap el would find too many temptations 
to resist. We have a terrible set of English here now, of 
whom Burghersh has the pleasure to present 100 at a Ball 
at Court this Evening, which I shirk. In the beginning of 
March we shall have the Emperor * and Empress, with a 
dozen Arch-Dukes and Arch-Duchesses, and also a Covey 
of Saxon Royalties. We have had old Prince Esterhazy 
here all the winter. He is just gone to Rome to see Tiny 
Grassalkovitch. They are daily expecting to hear of the 
death of Maurice Lichtenstein, who is quite given over. 

B. is very well, but much thinner than when you saw him. 
Most truly yours, 

P. A. Burghersh. 

t Lord Burghersh was now Minister at the Court of Tuscany. 
2 Of Austria. 


George Brummell 

Calais, Fehy 20, 1819. 

Dear Arthur, — Should the recollection of former times 
ever recall to you the existence of an old and once intimate 
friend, you will, perhaps, in looking back upon those days 
alone find some indulgence for the liberty I now take in 
writing to you. During the last three years that I have 
passed in this country, I have struggled hard to bear up 
against the many difficulties that have oppressed my unfor- 
tunate situation. I will not attempt to advert to the cir- 
cumstances that brought them upon me. You are no 
doubt informed of their unfavourable nature, and as I have 
no defence to offer in their extenuation, it would only be 
additionally painful to me to retrace them. I will beg 
you to remember me only as a former companion ; such as 
I was before that cursed infatuation of gaming perverted 
every better natural quality and principle and led me on 
to destruction — and if that remembrance, to which I address 
myself, should preserve any friendly interest towards me, 
and you should have the power as well as the inclination 
to extend any immediate assistance to me, it will be sufiEicient 
for me to tell you that I am at this instant reduced to the 
most exigent, the most abject want. I have no resource 
left me under heaven, and I am utterly destitute of the 
means to provide for my subsistence at the hour in which 
I write to you. 

Believe me, my dear Arthur, I am thoroughly conscious 
of all the disgrace and reproach which a begging letter must 
reflect upon me, but I am so far persecuted and humiliated 
by the distress that is staring me in the face, that I am 
driven to the sacrifice of every more delicate compunctious 
feehng. If then you have the abihty to afford me any 
service, I will earnestly request you to place it with Messrs, 
Drummonds, who will instantly remit it to me ; if on the 
contrary such kindness should not accord with your own 
present convenience, I have only to entreat you to forgive 
the abruptness of my application. Yours, dear Arthur, 
most sincerely, 

George Brummell. 

i8i8-4o] IRISH M.P.'S 301 

George Brummell 

Calais, March 10, 1819. 

Dear Arthur, — Believe me I feel very sensibly your 
kindness to me, and though my prospects of the future 
are most discouraging, I will still devoutly hope I may some 
day be enabled to repay you. Accept my sincerest thanks. 
You have, I fear, done more for me than perfectly accords 
with your own immediate convenience. This may be a 
subject of additional distress to me in availing myself of 
your assistance; but it impresses me at the same time with 
a deeper sense of obligation. There are those who have the 
power of relieving the present difficulty of my unfortunate 
situation, and upon whose favourable consideration former 
intimacy authorised me to place a confident reliance, but 
they have not even preserved sufficient recollection of me 
to acknowledge m}^ letters. With all my past experience 
of the world it is only in the hour of affliction that I have 
become thoroughly acquainted with those who once pre- 
tended to be my dearest friends. Yours, dear Arthur, 
with every gratitude and truth, 

George Brummell. 

Lord Graves 

March, 18 19. 

My Dear Arthur, . . . The Papers will have given you 
some Account of the proceedings in Parliament on Mr. 
Quinn's Case. There were some extraordinary proceedings 
last night, j\Ir. O'Grady, Junior, having accosted a Mr. 
Goold, a Witness in the Case, by saying he had on a former 
night in his Evidence spoken of him in a way he did not 
like, which if he repeated on that night's examination he 
would kick him. This was reported to the Speaker, the 
Parties examind, and ended in the Incarceration of Mr. 
O'Grady by the Sergeant-at-Arms. Since which I under- 
stand Mr. Goold has been to Tierney and declar'd he had 
given false Evidence, and that the Statements of O'Grady's 
witnesses as far as he, Goold, is concern'd, are true. It 
will end, I presume, in the Expulsion of Mr. Quinn. 

By accounts from Lausanne today I fear poor Capel is 
no more. In a letter from his Daughter Maria to Lady 
Galloway it is stated that the Physicians had declar'd he 


had but a few hours to live. He was then in Convulsions 
or in a state of Insensibility. The Family are, as you may 
imagine, in great distress. I fancy that Louisa Erskine 
has propos'd to go out to Caroline. Young Colyear's ^ 
death at Rome gives £40,000 a year between Lords Chol- 
mondeley and Gwydyr (the Ancaster property). This with 
Lord Clinton's Estates ^ will make old Cholmondeley the 
richest Man in England it is suppos'd. Lord Milsington 
and Lord Portmore must now come to ye Parish — they 
were supported by this young Man. Yours most sincerely. 


Lord Graves 

UxBRiDGE House, March 20th, 1819. 

My Dear Arthur, — The first part of your letter is, with 
due deference, inapplicable to any part of my conduct 
at any time. When first I had the good fortune of your 
acquaintance, I felt, in common with the rest of the man- 
kind, the dehght which your Society afforded. Your 
talents, general knowledge, perfect usage of the World, 
and other happy circumstances made you irresistible — 
but when to this was added a preference, a kind, and friendly 
partiality for myself — I must say in justice to myself that 
this sentiment was exalted to the sincerest regard, and 
affection. Your invariable kind conduct on every occasion 
since has added a respect, and regard, to that feeling, which 
makes me look up to you as a very superior person both 
in head and heart, whose friendship is beyond the value 
of Money, or any worldly consideration ; with this feehng 
you must not be surpris'd if I feel uneasy, and reaUy hurt 
whenever you question, merely in joke, the consistency or 
sincerity of my conduct, as it respects yourself, or any thing 
that concerns you. 

1 The 5th Duke of Ancaster left an only daughter, who married Lord 
Milsington, Lord Portmore's eldest son, by whom she had an only son, 
this " young Colyear," who inherited his grandfather the duke's "vast 
personal property " in 1809, but died this month at Rome " in conse- 
quence of wounds received from banditti." 

Lords Cholmondeley and Gwydyr had married the daughters of the 
3rd Duke of Ancaster. 

2 " Lord Qinton's estates " in Cornwall and Devon were unsuccess- 
fully claimed by Lord Cholmondeley (as heir of the 3rd Earl of Orford, 
who had inherited them through his mother, Margaret RoUe), the Courts 
deciding that under Lord Orford's will they reverted to the Rolle family. 

i8i8-40] CAPEL AFFAIRS 303 

Indeed poor Caroline's ^ is a most melancholy situation. 
But it is with much satisfaction you will hear that she has 
receiv'd from private friendship, and aflection, at Lausanne 
every attention and kindness that we could have wish'd. 
Her family is there held in such respect, that her misfor- 
tune excited the attention and sympathy of all the In- 
habitants. Poor Capel's funeral took place with every 
respectful attendance, and I understand Caroline is inchn'd 
to remain with her family at that place, rather than incur 
the great expence of a removal at present to this Country. 
I have heard, as far as Income is concern' d, that she will 
be better off by the death of her Husband, in as much as 
during his latter life nearly £4000 a year, his natural Income, 
was swallow' d up by Annuities granted, and interest of 
Debt, leaving him only the clear enjoyment of £1200 per 
Ann. I understand his Collectorsliip in Staftordshire with 
his appointment abroad produc'd £2000 ; this is the only 
part that goes away with him, so that Caroline will in fact 
have £2000 a year instead of £1200, and as poor Lady 
Essex * is not expected to live many Months, her death 
wiU add considerably to that Income, and place her, as 
far as Income is concern' d, in a less melancholy situation 
than has been her lot for many years. 

My time has been wholly occupied since my arrival in 
London by attendance at an Election Committee, and 
afterwards watching Divisions in ye House of Commons. 
I have given up the gaieties of London as incompatible with 
my present employments. I agree with you — Vive L Opera, 
and every gentlemanhke amusement ; but there is a time 
for aU things, and though I have less inclination for these 
amusements than formerly, I should be sorry to deprive 
younger People of the gratification, and good Company 
they afford. 

I will not fail to make your request to Sir B. Bloom- 

My intention has never been to remove with my family 
to this unhealthy, and expensive Town — compared to 
Bishops Court. Was it not for them I should not hesitate 
to incur the disadvantage of both, to purchase the Con- 
venience of Residence here. 

You must not beheve this on dit of a change of Ministry. 

1 Lady Caroline Capel. 

> Lady Caroline's mother-in-law, died 1821. 




The Question of Catholic Emancipation will unravel the 
Plot, if there be any. 

Your Brothers, Lord Anglesey and Charles, set off last 
night in his Post-Chaise for Colchester at a 1/4 past twelve 
to see, I beheve, his new Cutter, and to return tonight ! ! ! 
I fancy I have found a Purchaser for Charles's vessel, the 
Anglesey, in the person of a Mr. John Latmisse— if he is 

dispos'd to sell her. 


You have heard that Lord Bective^ is to marry Miss 
[blank], the Heiress to whom Beau Clarence propos'd and 
was declin'd. 

Sir Harry Fetherstone 

Paris, Sept. zgth, 18 19. 

My Dear Arthur, — I now despair of seeing you and 
Lady Augusta here, and I fear there is httle chance of 
Berkeley's intention being fulfilled ; I regret it extremely, 
but I will say no more on this subject. Paris has not 
lost its ground with me on this second visit, and I am still 
satisfied it will be a grand desideratum for a part of the 
year. The exposition of all the works of art and manufac- 
tures of France at the Louvre is truly wonderful ; it has 
been open now above a month and closes on Friday, the 
King * having already distributed the prize medals (many 
hundreds) in person and said something flattering to the 
different artists for which, I understand, he has a very 
happy tournure. From the most costly bouquets of dia- 
monds to the humble efforts of the blind there is such an 
endless variety of objects of all classes, no words can describe 
it. One thing however is demonstrated ; such industry 
applied to the great resources of this Country will soon 
wipe away old scores. She will be a Giant refreshed. I 
am much amused in my morning walks, and for the rest 
of the day till dinner it is only an embarras of choice ; the 
two Operas on alternate nights close the Evening, and to 
any one who loves Italian Musick, the Theatre Royal 
Italien offers at this moment prodigious allurement, for 
such a Company together has seldom met ; Pellegrini is 
inimitable and the Podor in high force. The ballets at the 

1 Lord Bective married in 1822 Mrs. Dalton, a widow. 
» Louis XVIII. 

1818-403 GOOD DINNERS 305 

Grand Opera are of course perfection. Last Monday I 
dined with Sheldon ; a dinner tres recherche and really 
well dressed, his Sillery excellent ; besides the Ladies of 
his family were the Dues D'Escar and D'Aumont (the 
latter well known to me formerly), the Counts D'Escar and 
La Ferronays (lately appointed to Petersburgh), and Sir 
Charles Stuart ^ : altogether a very pleasant dinner. The 
old Due D'Escar is to give us one at the Tuilleries next 
week, and I am told I shall see the best going, but he acknow- 
ledged to me that there were no Chefs now equal to some 
before the Revolution, which justifies my opinion. I 
never saw any one old or young eat so much with Melon 
in the middle of it all. Talk of stomach indeed ! I am a 
very poor creature. The weather has been uniformly fine 
since I came and still hot. I have seen several things in 
the environs of Paris to be sold, and one belonging to the 
Duchesse de Feltre, which I like much ; but I shall not 
decide hastily about it and in the meantime am in treaty 
with the Princesse Chimay (formerly Madame Tallien) 
for her Hotel for next Spring. It is a dehghtful thing with 
7 acres of pleasure ground in Paris. She very politely 
shewed me over the whole herself, and I was very glad to 
come in contact with so celebrated a person, who is still 
handsome and very pleasant in her manner. She is a little 
exorbitant just now, but as Princesses often lower their 
terms, I think it very likely I shall have it, as she has 
promised her ultimatum soon. . . . You have been probably 
saihng * about with the Regent ; the papers announce his 
having been sea-sick. They expect a better vintage even 
than 1802 : the harvest has been most abundant and the 
grain of the best quality. If Berkeley is still on the Island, 
pray tell him how much I am disappointed. The Comte 
D'Escar inquired much after you. I shall certainly stay 
three weeks longer. Yours ever truly, 

H. Fetherstone. 

Hon. Berkeley to Charles Paget 

[No date, probably 1819.] 

My Dear Charles, — By all means. We shall be de- 

1 Then the British Ambassador ; afterwards created Lord Stuart de 

2 Sir Charles Paget at this time commanded the Royal George, the 
Regent's yacht. 


lighted to see you and there is a Bed for you. It will be 
Our Royal Pleasure to get drunk ! 

I found Paget yesterday with a d — d Shipwright and 
compasses and scales and models, planning Misery and 
propounding measures for rendering the Cabin as uncom- 
fortable as possible. I thought when he arrived at Seventy 
Tons one might at least expect some degree of accommoda- 
tion. Not in the least ! No, there was something about 
scantling and run and the devil knows what besides that 
made one's blood run cold, and then by way of a treat he 
said " There, you may frank that letter to Sainty." May ! 
I'll Sainty him, and I'll bring such a Schooner from De- 
merara ^ that shall go round him and I'll have a good Cabin 
into the bargain. Thine whilst this Machine is to him, 


Marquis of Anglesey 

Beau Desert, Fehy 5th, 1820. 

My Dear Arthur, — I don't know how to express myself 
about what you have told me regarding Edward. I am 
filled with surprise. I can hardly believe you are serious. 
Or am I dreaming about what passed at Cowes last summer ? 
On what then can one depend ? I put by all I heard. I 
will only appeal to Sir Henry Torrens' letter. Poor Edward 
disliked the appointment from the first, but when he read 
in a news-paper that some one (I forget who) was to succeed 
to Sir G. Beckwith's appointment, he actually wrote to Sir 
Henry Torrens to ask if it was so. I well remember the 
reply. (I wish I did not.) It indignantly contradicted the 
Report, and such was the tone of it, that it was Impossible 
that any one could read it, and not he certain that Edward 
would succeed to the Chief Command upon a Vacancy. 
That such was the meaning then intended to be conveyed 
I am confident. 

Poor Edward is completely taken in. All his prudence 
cd not save him and he will have to retreat from a Station 
he never sought. Minus his Outfit and the extra Expences 
of his Table and Establishment. Alas ! I cannot help it. 
Some steadier firmer friend of the Throne and the Govern- 
ment than I am has probably made a point of Sir D. Baird's 

^ Berkeley Paget had been offered in 18 19 the post of Governor of 

i8i8-4o] "ANOTHER KICK" 307 

What an escape has not Berkeley had ? He would have 
been allowed to embark with the prospect of an Income 
of £8,000 a year under the Line, when he accidentally dis- 
covered that, upon his Appointment to it, it would be so 
reduced that he cd not live upon the salary ! ! ! The coin- 
cidence is remarkable. This is enough and I will not rip 
up old Stories to shew, or tell any new ones to prove, that 
I am not fortunate at least. I am truly thankful that 
it is you, who have had to talk of this with the Duke of 
York. I cannot help it. I have feelings there that I cannot 
under any circumstances overcome, and whatever I feel, 
I flinch from any expression of them, when I am with him. 

Of course Edward's finances will not allow him to remain 
where he is, and instead of Kilmainham he must occupy 
Cowes Castle ! 

As long as you remain in town, pray give me daily reports 
of the King's Health, and as late as you can get them. 

I had a sort of expectation that I might be ordered to 
Windsor, but a httle Bird whispers me that it will not be 
so. I shall at all events be at the Meeting of ParHament. 
Ever affecly yours, 


Marquis of Anglesey 

Beau Desert, Fehy 6ih, 1820. 

My Dear Arthur, — I see nothing is to be done and that 
we are destined to receive another kick. Say what they 
will, Edward was sent to Ireland under false pretences. 
God knows that the P. R. and the D. of York both gave 
me unequivocally to understand that Edward would suc- 
ceed to the Chief Command, and Sir H. Torrens's letter is 
probably in existence and will speak for itself, altho' I 
know it did not say directly " Sir Edward, you are to suc- 
ceed Sir G. Beckwith." But it was implied. 

What Sir B. Bloomfield says is very well. It is only 
astonishing it was not said in the first instance. It occurred 
to me from the first that if once Ireland was commanded 
by a Lt Genl, it would be difficult ever to get back a 
full General there, frightened as they are at the Bullies 
of the House of Commons. 

But then why deceive one ? Why hold out false hopes ? 
Why not manfully say Sir E.'s rank precludes him at 

3o8 "I CANNOT BEAR HUMBUG" [ch. v 

present ? This is what surprises and vexes me. I cannot 
bear Humbug. This is so exactly of a piece with Berkeley's 
business too. Ld Liverpool talked over the matter of his 
going out with me at a time when I have no doubt he well 
knew that it cd no longer be an object to B. to hold the 
situation, but he probably wanted him out of the way to 
comphment some doubtful supporter with his seat at the 
Treasury. If ever you meet your friend Arbuthnot, I 
hope you will show him that you are alive to this treachery. 
I sincerely but calmly declare I am disgusted with Pohticks 
and Parliamentary Influence. I am supposed to possess 
a great deal. I spend immense sums of money in retaining 
Members, and supporting others, and I declare upon my 
honor that I do not beheve there is a man in either House 
who is so little able to assist a Relative or a Friend. 

Their friends persecute them till they obtain their object, 
and their Enemies they are always ready to coquette with. 
You may tell Bloomfield that in return for Edward's dis- 
appointment his friend Lethbridge will receive very sub- 
stantial support from me. 

I suppose you will not have shewn my former letter to 
the Duke of York. It is of no use. After the way he 
used me upon a former occasion, I should have thought 
that he would never have put himself in the wrong again, 
but I have been mistaken. I don't know what Influence 
now directs him where I am concerned, but the fact is, 
that when I was Lt Col. of the 7th, I had more facility in 
obtaining a Lt Colonelcy for any one, than I now have in 
placing a Cornet in my own Regiment. However as I 
said before, there is no use in recriminating. It has no 
eftect. When they want us, they use us, and pretty roughly 
too. We are always at our Post, whether in the field or in 
the Senate, when they are in a scrape, and we must console 
ourselves with that reflection. I wiU say no more to any 
of them, but pursue the same course for my own satisfaction. 
I am sorry for Edward. I am sorry for Berkeley. I am 
sorry for the many Relatives and Friends who call upon 
me for support. Alas ! I can do nothing for them. 

WiUiam ^ is now a Midshipman of 3 years standing. If 
Lord Grey has a Son under similar circumstances, I wiU 
bet 50 gs he is first made a Lieutenant. 

Uxbridge has been perhaps 5 years in the Army. The 
^ His second son. Lord William Paget. 

i8i8-40] "AGREEABLE HOTCH-POT" 309 

son of Ld Darlington is much his junior. I will bet the 
same that he gets a Majority first. Now only mark what 
I have written. Ever affecly yours, 


P.S. I have written to Edward to pause before he decides 
upon quitting his Command. Surely this Treachery will 
lead him to a good Government. 

I inclose Edward's letter to me, which I shd have put 
into the hands of the P.R. some time ago, but for the late 

li you choose it, you may shew the inclosed to H.R.H. 
I think you ought. I don't know how my Feelings can 
be better conveyed. Things flash upon one. Something 
lately brought yours and Ld Viscount Granville's publick 
services before me. Then I thought of Edward walking 
as a Squire (estropie) behind 20 excellent, vigorous, young 
Knights of the Bath. Then of the passage of the Douro ! ! ! 
This brought me to Ld Stewart's taking Le Lebure, and 
getting a Medal exclusively for Benevente, he never having 
been 100 yards from me during the Day, and under my 
immediate guidance as well as Command. Then Ld Talbot 
the Lt of Staffordshire ; then the D. of York and my Piece 
of Plate. Finally Edward and the Chief Command in 
Ireland, not however forgetting Berkeley and Demerara. 
These, interspersed with Histories about Aids-de-Camp, 
Rank, Medals, and a few Regl Traits upon a new system, 

make an agreeable Hotch-pot ! ! ! dont en effet je m'en f 

apris tout.^ 

Countess of Jersey 

16 Feb., 1825. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — I was sure you would regret dear 
Lord Thanet.* There are few that walk the earth like 
him possessing such a noble generous independent spirit 
with the ease, simplicity, and good nature of a Child, a 

1 Lord Anglesey must have been feeling out of sorts when he penned 
this letter, for the services of himself and of his brothers had not passed 
unrewarded by promotions, decorations, and offices. On this particular 
occasion Sir Edward Paget was amply compensated by his appointment 
as Governor of Ceylon, whence he was advanced to be Commander- 
in=Chief in India. 

2 SackvUle, gth Earl of Thanet, a Radical politician, died in France, 
January 1825. 

310 LORD THANET [ch. v 

superior understanding, and without [ ? ] that gives a 
Charm to his conversation equalled by none but Ld Holland. 
I cannot tell you how much I regret him, it is so seldom 
at my age that one can have such an affecte Friend as he 
was to me, I had a perfect confidence in him and have told 
him everything I knew without a fear of its being repeated. 
I have not seen Ld Sefton since he returned as we had left 
London before he came, but Mr. Feilding, who was at Paris 
at the time, said that, if his heel had been properly attended 
to, the trifling wound at first cd not have become so serious. 
He was only two days very ill. He made no will, no one 
knows his brother, but I beheve he is not married. I hope 
you are quite sound again. We stay here till the first of 
March and shall return about the 25th till Easter, perhaps 
you cd come over at that time. I hear of loads of mar- 
riages, none so extraordinary as F. Ponsonby's,^ he must 
be very sorry ahready. I am sorry for Ld Harborough's 
marrying another Actress for the example but he is a 
vaurien. Ld Clanricarde, a raw Irishman, to Miss Canning ' 
also does very well. The D. of Bedford was here for 3 
days and was very comfortable and well, and I hope that 
with care he will continue so. Ly Holland ' is in my opinion 
in a very decHning state. I hope Augusta and the young 
one are well. Mine are flourishing and so are we both, 
Ld J. quite stout. Yrs very affecly, 

S. S. C. Jersey. 

Earl of Jersey 

MiDDLETON Park, 25 May, 1825. 

My Dear Arthur, . . . The D. of Northumberland* is 
queer enough, but I take it that Abilities, except indeed 
that of being able to spend loads of money, are not requisite 
on this occasion. Conceive, the price of one room now 
at Rheims is 1000 fcs ! Shall I order one for you ? 

You have read, I hope, old Tierney's speech on Friday ; 
they say it was perfect. 

> Major-Gen. Hon. Frederick Ponsonby, married, March 1825. Ladv 
Emily Bathurst. ^ 

' The only daughter of George Canning. 

' " Old Madagascar," as she was called in these days, did not die tUl 

* Hugh, 3rd Duke of Northumberland, was appointed Snecial Am- 
bassador for the Coronation of Charles X of France at Rheims, the last 
ceremony of that kind which has taken place there. 

i8i8-4o] BRUMMELL'S DEBTS 311 

You are, I hope, quite stout and all yr family : I am in 
high health, and if I cd get a good nag cd gallop away as 
fast as we did up to Carlton Earths. Yrs affecly, 

Duke of Wellington 

London, May i6ih, i8a6. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — I have received your letter ; 
and I will see Sir W. Hoste if he should call tomorrow or 
next day. In the mean time I inform you that about 
ten days ago I took an opportunity of mentioning the 
subject* to Alvanley ; and desired him to speak to the 
Duke of Argyll; and to prevail upon the Duke to call a 
meeting as soon as the Duke of York should return to 
town. The latter returned on Thursday last, but I have 
as yet heard nothing of the meeting. Yet Alvanley ap- 
peared to think there would be no difficulty in raising the 
Money, which I thought and stated was £1500 instead of 
£1380. However I'll try to see Alvanley this afternoon, 
or at all events before I shall see Sir W. Hoste tomorrow. 
Alvanley had no notion of this last disaster. He had heard 
from Brummell who had not mentioned it. He had pro- 
mised to send Brummell £100 or £150 in June. I will 
write to you again after I shall have seen Sir W. Hoste. 
Ever yours most sincerely, 


Duke of Wellington 

London, June 2d, 1826. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — I intended to write to you 
yesterday ; but I was detained at the Council at Carlton 
House till it was too late for the Post ; and moreover I 
did not and indeed have not yet received the detailed 
Report of the Result of a Meeting at Alvanley' s yesterday 
upon Brummell' s affairs, of which I attended the com- 

When I was there, Lord Sefton, the Duke of Argyll, and 
Alvanley were present. The Duke of York was expected. 

1 The debts of George Brummell. Charles Grcville mentions Brummell 
still at Calais in 1830 " full of gaiety, impudence, and misery." He died 
a few years later in a charitable institution at Caen, having previously 
sunk into imbecihty. 


and Gwydyr I believe attended after I was gone to the 
Council. The Meeting commenced well, each of us who 
attended first having subscribed £ioo to pay Debts at Calais, 
and having agreed to give him £25 each per Annm till he 
should be otherwise provided for. But I think we all 
agreed in thinking that nothing ought to be done unless 
we could clear him entirely of Debt ; and set him up 
with a sufficient Income to keep out of Debt in future. 
Gwydyr, who I saw at night, said something which in- 
clines me to believe that the meeting did not terminate as 
favourably as it commenced, but I will try to see Alvanley 
in the course of the morning, and will add a line to this 
letter. In the mean time I think it best not to show the 
enclosed. I shall merely say that he has been bailed till the 
3d. It would be a great point if Mr. Chamberlayne could 
do something. 

Believe me ever yours most sincerely, 


Since writing the above I have received the enclosed 
from Alvanley, and have seen him and he tells me that he 
expects to get three or four more who will contribute one 
hundred each to settle the matter. He has written to 
Levaux and desires to know exactly what Brummell owes, 
which letter Levaux will have received tomorrow morning 
and I hope that he will not confine B. again. 

Hon. Sir Charles Paget 

Fair Oak, Wednesday, — nth, 1826. 

My Dearest Arthur, — ... I am going to the Royal 
Lodge sooner than I expected, having on my return from 
Goodwood found an invitation to be there next Saturday 
for ten days, so, my good fellow, if you write to me direct 
under cover to Mount Charles.* 

... I fear that hitherto we have only seen the best of 
Graves, and that best may not be far from being bad, and 

1 Lord Mount Charles, eldest son of the ist Marquis Conyngham, all 
of whose family permanently resided at Court during George IV's reign. 
The Royal Lodge, part of which still exists in Windsor Park, was that 
King's residence during the lengthy works carried out in practically 
rebuilding Windsor Castle. Sir Charles Paget was now a Groom of the 

i8i8-4o] SIR WILLIAM HOSTE 313 

that we are now to view him at his worst, than which I 
suspect nothing can be, if his Bristles are up. Of his 
integrity I never had any opinion, if it suited his purpose 
to he. I therefore never have confided him with any 
thing, tho' I have always been on the best terms with 
him on account of his good humour and companionable 
qualities. But I don't suppose the man exists, who respects 
or esteems him. The main support of his character has 
been his connection with us. . . . 

You will be glad to hear the Duke of Bedford is in as 
good health as ever he was and has fully enjoyed the grouse 
season in Scotland. I had a letter from her the other day, 
they are now probably at or soon will be at Woburn, and 
will be soon after at Brighton for his course of warm sea 
bathing etc. Ever yours most affectly, 

Charles Paget. 

Sir William Hoste to Sir Charles Paget 

CoBHAM, October jth, 1826. 

My Dear Sir Charles, — I am just returned from Calais 
and have had a very pleasant trip. We sailed from Dept- 
ford on the 27th at daybreak, blowing a gale from the S.W., 
crossed the Flats about 3 o'clock and anchored at sunset 
in the Downs. Sir Edward Owen came on board and 
proceeded with us to Calais to attend the Duke ^ and I 
found him, I assure you, a great relief. We had never 
met before, and he has a fund of information about him on 
subjects connected with the French coast that made him 
a most desirable Shipmate. He is a compleat pilot for 
that coast, and has many anecdotes of occurrences during 
the War when he was on the Immortalite. The Duke seems 
very partial to him and I think with reason. The contrast 
between him and my gallant friend last year I will not 
mention. We went into Calais harbour with ^ foot tnore 
water on the Bar than we drew, it was quite smooth water 
or I should not have ventured and I was not sorry to find 
it deeper, it was neep Tides, We laid there all Thursday 
until Sunday morning when the Duke etc. embarked at 
10, and in beautiful weather we passed thro' the Downs and 
anchored the same evening in Margate roads, and found 
the Admiralty Yacht with Sir George Cockburn lying 

1 H.R.H. the Duke of Clarence. 


there, who came on board immediately, but did not dine 
with the Duke. We weighed the next morning at daybreak 
and anchored at our moorings about 4, and here the diffi- 
culties began, for the party had taken no precautions about 
securing Horses and consequently had to wait nearly 3 
hours before they could be procured, which made it nearly 
dark 'ere our Royal party left us, and he became rather 
fidgetty. The crew of the Calliope are excellent and gave 
me no sort of trouble. His Royal Highness was, I think, 
deHghted with his sail over, we had an excellent Artist 
in the Kitchen and all went off well. . . . Ever your sincerely 


I saw Mr. Brummell walking about as usual, and heard 
he had fitted up his apartments d la mode de Louis quatorze. 
What that means I know not, but my authority told me 
they were the most superbly arranged of any within 100 
miles of Calais. ... 

Countess of Jersey 

.. April, 1827. 

My Dear Arthur, — I have delayed two days answering 
your letter from the hopes of being able to get you the 
Morning Chronicle, but I cannot. I tried for the Times 
and the Morning Herald's Report, tho' I think the Globe 
was as good ; if Ld Rosslyn makes out a better report 
you shall have it. It was the finest speech ever made, so 
firm, so temperate without one expression of temper or 
any sarcasm, no one has dared to answer it. I believe 
Ld L.* and the rest are to join to-day or tomorrow, thus 
for the present the Catholic Question is abandoned, and 
all their hopes are in the accidents that may occur, and 
which under the last as well as this Govt must have for- 
warded it. The King is triumphant. Ld L. has reserved 
to himself the right of bringing forward the Question, but 
so had Mr. Wynne in the last. No one is more miserable 
than he is, a web was thrown round him, from the negocia- 
tion indeed he could neither recede or go on consistently. 
It is to be hoped that this great sacrifice he makes may 

1 Henry, 3rd Marquis of Lansdowne, whose help was now sought by 
Canning, though unsuccessfully, joined with other Whigs the next short 
Government, of which Lord Goderich was the nominal but feeble head. 

i8i8-40] THE KING AND CANNING 315 

eventually turn out well. I cannot write all about this 
mysterious intrigue, it is so intricate ; it appears that 
soon after the debate on the Cath. Question Canning 
entered underhand into some communication with Sir 
R. Wilson to know, if he was named Minister, whether the 
Opposition wd support him, their Opinions were his ; to 
which he reed a favourable reply from Brougham, but 
that was so general it did not mean much. B., and Ld 
Althorpe, before B. went on the Circuit, had long con- 
versations in which they agreed to act together and to support 
C.'s Govt as a Minister (no question of Office) : on the 
Circuit to York something more was written through Sir 
R. Wilson to B., and he answered for himself and his 
Friends that they wd support him, and never told of this 
Letter to anyone. C. told the K. abt the 27th March that, 
if he was made Minister, he had assurances of support from 
all the Opposition, and that he wd contrive to paralyze the 
Cath. Question, so that the K. shd never be tormented. 
The K. asked C. how this cd he done ; C. said " Your M. 
must not ask me, but I pledge myself to it." The K. told 
this in a passion on the 28th to the D. of W., because he 
(the D.) told him that it was impossible to keep that Ques- 
tion in abeyance ; having told, afterwards the K. thought 
he had got into a scrape, and sent Knighton * off to tell 
C. he had told this secret. C. then went to Mr. Peel, and 
pretended to make to him a great confidence in telling 
him of this communication. Peel looked at the date of 
the letter : " Why, you have had this ten days, how came 
you to keep it so long a secret ? " C. gave some evasive 
excuse. Nothing can excuse C.'s treachery to his col- 
leagues, but on our side we are angry with B., as he cd 
make such an important promise in the name of others, 
and never disclose it to any individual, Ld Althorp, Dun- 
cannon etc. with whom he was in correspondence; this 
explains how the dignified answer Ld Lansdowne gave at 
first was overstated by the Under People at Brooks' excited 
by Brougham, and finally brought about this unfortunate 
junction. I hope you will understand what I have written, 
and pray burn this letter. I dare say there will be a state- 

1 Sir Wm. Knighton, originally a physician, was brought to the Regent's 
notice in the year 1818, and in 1822 succeeded Sir Benjamin Bloomfield 
as private secretary and privy purse, henceforth exercising unbounded 
influence at Court until George IV's death. 


ment and I will send it to you, but at present pray do not 
quote what I have told you ; the great dexterity and art 
of C. in carrying on this intrigue to his advantage is wonder- 
ful, but it has been done at the expense of truth and honesty 
to every side, first to his Colleagues, then to Ld. L. 

^ S. S. C. J.^ 

Countess of Jersey 

lo May, 1827. 

My Dear Sir Arthur,— . . . About PoUtics what can 
I say, to explain the strange anomalous state is impossible 
except as far as Ld Grey and those with him are concerned. 
He cannot give his Confidence to a Govt reformed when 
the great question of Catholic concession is at once com- 
promised, but he will give his support to measures he 
approves ; with the Ex-Ministers he cannot connect him- 
self. The first opportunity he will declare again his fixed 
Principles. By the present fashionable doctrine of ex- 
pediency many of the old Opposition will excuse their present 
[hne] of conduct and say something may be obtained by 
this Cabinet which never wd from the last, and so it is the 
best to support. Ld Lansdowne's extreme dishke to 
coming into Office is too evident to make it necessary to 
say anything, he will support but not make part of a Govt 
till he has what he desires about the Irish Govt. He 
maintains his own honour and consistency but loses all 
importance, meanwhile Canning, who could not exist 
without the Whig support, every day renews his flirtations 
with the Tories, begging of them to take back their places, 
this he did last week to Ld Bathurst. The K. makes two 
additional Knights of the Thistle today, given to Ld War- 
wick and Ld Aboyne (the furious anti-Cathohc) to win 
them back. The K. has given the Woods and Forests to 
Ld Lowther as a mark of private friendship unconnected 

1 Sarah, Lady Jersey, Disraeli's " Zenobia," has so often been described 
in the Memoirs of her day that it is unnecessary to say more about her. 
Having outhved most of her contemporaries, she died at her house in 
Berkeley Square, January 26th, 1867. Her letters of the years 1827-8 
contain details of the intrigues and attempted coalitions, largely hinging 
on the question of Cathohc Emancipation, which, together with the problem 
of the Corn Laws, occupied the main attention of poUticians before the 
great upheaval of Parhamentary Reform in 1830-2. Lady Jersey's 
information tallies on most points with that of Creevey's Diary, and 
confirms the general view that Canning, notwithstanding his talents and 
eloquence, was suspected both by friends and foes of a want of candour. 


with the Minister, and henceforward it is to be entirely 
under the K., as he says so much of his comfort is mixed 
up with it. C. last Sunday offered the Judge- Advocate 
again to Ld Lonsdale for Becket. He went to beg Ld 
Bathurst to return as he must see that his was a continua- 
tion of Ld Liverpool's Govt. His object is so clear, to 
detach Individuals and to make out of both old parties 
one for himself. The K. has written a 2d letter to the 
Archbishop to rebuke him for not having declared in Parlt 
His feelings about the Catholic Emancipation, and His 
determination to resist as His Father did. Canning has 
written 9 sides of Paper to the D. of W. saying he did not 
wish to prolong the Parly discussion. The Duke has 
answered in 9 lines. You wd, I am sure, be delighted with 
the D.'s conversation, the contempt with which he views 
the attempts to run him down, his resolution to take no 
part in the factious opposition, but to rest quiet on his own 
merits and character. To-day there is a Chapter of the 
Garter, at which he will see the K. for the ist time. Now 
I have tried to write all I know of the motives and conduct 
of People. I think the result is that to keep aloof is the 
only really honourable and virtuous conduct. 

The news from Portugal is bad, I hope my letter is 
legible. Ever yrs affecly, 

S. S. C. Jersey. 

Dr. Merton has been consulted about Georgiana Fane, 
he says much the same as Halford — that there is no organic 
defect but a general derangement. I feel very uneasy about 

Earl of Jersey 

. . May, 1827. 

My Dear Arthur, — . . . Conceive my misfortune (for 
it is a misfortune not to have heard such a speech). I 
with many others went to the House and they announced 
39 resolutions to be propos'd, and discuss'd by Ld Redesdale 
on the Corn Question. This was sufficient reason for our 
returning ; Ld. Redesdale' s speech did not take place, 
and Ld Grey made, as I hear from all, perhaps the best 
speech ever deliver'd in our House. I agree with you, in 
it there appears a power of argument and force of reasoning, 
enforced by the greatest eloquence, taking the most dis- 


interested ground, and following a line unknown to the 
Sietir Canning, " the straight line." Duncannon seems 
as much out of sorts as possible, to me he says very little, for 
it did so happen that at an early period of these transactions, 
upon my saying that I was sure that Canning ^ as Prime 
Minister wd not be at liberty to act as he might wish about 
the Cath. Question, Dun.* told me that I was compleatly 
mistaken, that he knew the contrary to be the case, and 
that he shd in consequence do all he could to promote the 
junction, I conclude without stipulations. The Junction 
has taken place, and in a most respectable manner for 
ours. ... 

Countess of Jersey 

. . May, 1827. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — ... I do not care about Politics 
now, but I care very much for People, and it certainly 
disgusts me to see the attempts to run down the D. of W., 
whose great services, whose upright, sincere heroic Character 
ought to have made him sacred, and also Ld Grey. I 
do not know what you mean by Ld Grey mixing with 
Ld Londonderry. I do not believe he has even seen him 
except in pubhc Places for this month, tho' they have voted 
on the same side on the Corn-Bill I do not believe they have 
exchanged words on any public affairs ; besides if he had, 
what is there in it to hurt Ld Grey's Character; in no one 
point has Ld Grey altered his opinions. If in course of 
time, from admiration of him and disgust at Canning and 
Co. people join him against C.'s administration, what is 
there in that ? I hope you have read his last speech in 
London, it has had the most wonderful effect, it compre- 
hended everything and, except wilfully, no one can any 
longer even pretend to believe the amendment hurt the 
Bill, which he last year expressed his dislike to — the wicked 
attempt of Canning to raise a cry against the Aristocracy 
for wishing to starve the People has failed, because luckily 
Bread is so cheap. The Mob cd not be excited but never 

1 Canning was Prime Minister from April, 1827, until his death, 
August 8th of the same year. 

^ John William, Viscount Duncannon, afterwards 4th Earl of Bess- 
borough, sat in the Whig Cabinets of Lords Grey and Melbourne, by 
whom he was employed to try to secure the votes of O'Connell and his 
Irish followers. 


can it be forgotten that, because he had a majority for a 
Clause against his wish (which Clause he now takes) added 
to a Bill, he, the Minister, tried to sound the war whoop of 
starvatio7i and excite the People against the D. of W. and 
the rest of the Peers. I beheve he has done himself great 
harm by it and his violent speech has contributed a great 
deal to the animosity thereby felt against him. I wish 
the Duke wd pubhsh his correspondence with Ld Goderich, 
but he cannot be brought to defend himself. The day after 
the first Division he wrote, " nothing can be so painful to 
me as a contest with the King's Govt, only do something 
about this warehousing system, tell me you will prepare 
something," (and he suggests 4 or 5 other amendts) " I 
will withdraw mine and say I am satisfied." He wrote 
3 times to that effect. Who then were the factious? it 
really makes me blush for Englishmen to see how far for 
a party purpose they join in any he, scandal, misrepresenta- 
tion to run down the characters of two such men as the 
Duke and Ld Grey; not one dared speak in the H. of Lds. 
Ld Grey's forbearance is extraordinary, any motion he 
might bring forward (except the Cathohc) he could carry, 
and he quietly does nothing, and hears himself abused and 
attacked. . . . There are great quarrels about who to go to 
Ireland as Ld Lieut, or as Chancellor. As to the Cathohc 
Question no one thinks about it; all pubhc business is 
at a stand. The French will not act in concert with us 
about Spain ; there is to be something declared about the 
Greeks but they are in a bad way. Nicholas,^ I believe, is 
to be the Protector, and a Tribute to be paid to the Sultan, 
some arrangement of that sort. Ld Stafford has bought, 
or is to buy, York House.* Ld CarHsle has lent Arbuthnot 
the Woods and Forests House. Ld Jersey is quite well. 
I really hope he has got rid of the gout. It will be two 
years in August since he has had any. Ever yrs affectly, 

S. S. C. J. 

Countess of Jersey 

. . May, 1827. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — ... I cannot tell you with what 
surprise I read your remarks about the D. of W.® Can 

1 Nicholas I, Tsar of Russia. 

a Afterwards long known as StaflEord House, St. James'. 
3 Wellington had resigned the command of the Army when Canning 
became Premier in April, 1827. 



you be so easily persuaded by the malicious lies of the 
Day to beheve he should have acted differently to his whole 
Life and character ? The D, of W. never to any individual 
wrote an Offensive letter, much less would he to the King. 
If the K. ofters him the command of the Army, surely he 
cannot accept while the same reasons remain that made 
him so properly resign the command by the insolence and 
lies circulated by Mr Canning and his set — no Apology 
has been offered to him, it is therefore quite impossible that 
he shd accept. He views with disdain the continued 
attempts to attack his Character, and even this breach of 
decorum in publishing part of the King's letter wiU not 
draw from him any reply — not even to give a contradiction 
to the falsehood of the whole statement, for he never 
grounded his refusal on leaving his Friends. Really we 
are becoming Slaves, if a Man of Honour is not allowed 
not to give up his feelings, merely because an Ofhce is 
offered, and in a way also that he could not accept. Some 
day all the correspondence must be pubhshed, the only 
Persons to whom he has shewn his answer to the King are 
Ld and Ly Maryborough,^ and Ly Maryborough burst out 
cr3nng, it was so affecting, so touching. Canning has said 
that he made excuses to the Duke, which is a lie, but how 
could the Duke become one of a Govt under a man who 
has so conducted himself towards him, even if the public 
grounds did not remain as they were when he resigned ? 
I saw my sister Georgiana yesterday for the first time for 
ten days. She is very weak, but her pulse is good, and 
no cough. There are heaps of marriages, Ly C. Bentinck 
to Mr. Denison, Ly A. Holroyd to Arthur Legge, Ly H. 
Scott to Mr. M. Lloyd, Ly G. Lascelles to Mr. Portman, 
Ly A. Brudenell to Mr. H. Baring, Miss Sheridan to Mr. 
ISorton. Ever aiiectly yrs, 

S. S. C. Jersey. 

Earl of Jersey 

Goodwood, 27 Nov., 1827, 

You Grumbling Old Arthur, — The Col. desires me to 
teU you that you are a slow coach for not coming, but as 
he has no house, and therefore no coals to carry, he is not 

^ Ld Maryborough, formerly William Wellesley-Pole, the second of 
the two elder brothers of the Duke of WeUington. 

i8i8-4o] LORD JERSEY 321 

aware for what purposes Ponies may be wanted. The D. 
of Richmond says, if you had bought his beechwood at 
IS. 6d. per foot, you need not have carried such loads of 
coals. What is the use of hving on a river, they all say, 
and have 20 miles of Land-carriage for coals ? What is 
the use of selling second-hand Clocks for large sums, if 
you can't afford to travel with a Post-Chaise and four 
posters as far as Goodwood ? Jbitz-Roy Somerset says you 
are a blackguard, some such word, for not commg, in 
short the abuse bestow d upon you is not limited. 

Berkeley had a letter to-day from Ld Anglesey who 
says he is better ; but it appears that it was a letter on 
business, and he said httle of himself. 

I am just oil to Mde Hope, only one night, Dieu Merci. 
Love to all chez vous. Yrs ahecly, 


News of a date four days subsequent to the knowledge 
of the battle at Constantinople has been received, nothing 
material had occurred there. Ministers were treating. 

Earl of Jersey 

MiDDLETON Park, 4 Jan., 1828. 

My Dear Arthur, — It is impossible not to feel an interest 
about those with whom in the earher part of one's hfe 
many happy days have been past, with Fetherstone I have 
pass'd many, and pray let him know that I shall hear with 
sincere pleasure of his recovery. 

I shall have but little hunting this year. I am doing 
what I can for my Youths, they are amiable and deserve 
what indulgence can reasonably be given to them ; pray 
let me know by return of Post what you mean by the rare 
good one — rare indeed are good ones for 14 stone but if 
the horse you have in your eye is really worth my notice, 
take some steps about ascertaining the price, and securing 
the refusal. I could send over an intelhgent man next 
week. I shd get yr answer on Tuesday, send some par- 
ticulars, I shd form some idea of how far it wd be worth 
to think of the animal or not. My weight on horse is 14.5. 
Money is rather scarce, nay very scarce. 

With regard to Politics, nothing can be more unsatis- 
factory. The King has obtain' d an ascendency which 


cd only be obtain'd by his keeping a weak government *■ — 
it will therefore never be his object to have a strong one, 
even if a strong could be got, ce que je doute. Ld Lansdowne 
etc. have step by step given way till no faith will be put 
in any shew of resistance. Ld Grey has acted a manly, 
for himself perhaps not a very profitable part, when I say 
profitable I don't mean in the common sense of losing 
Honors etc. but that he has placed himself in the most 
difficult of all situations. His Friends thought it advisable 
to place themselves under Mr. C.» which he with great 
wisdom, I still think, declined ; the consequence of their 
separation is that Ld G. cannot stir a step without being 
accus'd of courting the Tories — gross calumny — but of 
this I am certain that, if he chose to identify himself with 
them, the Government would shortly be annihilated. The 
more I think of the late Premier, the more I feel satisfied 
that Ld Grey's judgement about him was correct ; and I 
must also say, that I do not know how in justice the Tories, 
who knew the man well, can be consider' d as having acted 
otherwise than as Men of Honor and Spirit shd have acted. 
I sincerely hope you will find Stewart going on well. 
Glad you Hked the Pork. Yrs aftecly, 


Earl of Jersey 

W. Lodge [1828]. 

My Dear Arthur, — I do not quite fall into your ideas of 
disposing of Augustus,* nor do I think that it wd suit your 
Son who is somewhat older. They are both too young for 
such a trip, and tho' there is something which gives the 
idea of age and steadiness in the word Major, I fancy the 
Major in the present instance is quite young. 

So Goody ' has resign'd : that is the confident report of 
the day — well, what next ? This Administration is of course 
dissolv'd. This Whig Administration, which appears to 

1 On Canning's death Lord Goderich became ist Lord of the Treasury, 
the Duke of Wellington resumed the command of the Army, and Lord 
Lansdowne entered the Ministry as Home Secretary. 

^ Sir Arthur's youngest son, afterwards the well-known Ambassador, 
born 1823, died 1896. 

3 Lord Goderich, who proved to be a " transient and embarrassed Phan- 
tom," resigned the post of Prime Minister in January, 1828, after a tenure 
of four months. The Duke of Wellington then formed a Tory adminis- 
tration, which had none the less to grant " Catholic Emancipation " the 
following year. 


have thrown more power into the hands of the Sovereign 
than any Tory Government ever did, and who will succeed ? 
Je m'y perds. Lansdowne is to a great degree perdu in 
publick estimation, not so Ld Grey, but then " Ld Grey 
at the head of the Tories " sounds in my ears very dis- 
cordant. The King will hate a strong Government — most 
Kings would — supposing them to have the choice ; has our 
IVth the choice? Well, addio, yr affte 


Miladi will write in a day or two and send the rose trees 
and I the Pork : we go home tomorrow. 

Sir Arthur Paget to Countess of Jersey 

My Dear Lady Jersey, — Pray believe that I am truly 
grateful for your excessive kindness in writing to the D. 
of Cambridge about Cecil,^ at a moment too when you have 
so many things of importance to occupy your thoughts 
and attention. Augusta has occasionally shewn me some 
of your letters and Pamphlets. You well know how much 
deference I have always shewn to your opinions ; it is 
therefore with great regret that I find my own so much at 
variance with them at the present time. I am afraid I am 
past recovery, and you will, I doubt not, give me over, 
when I tell you that in November last, soon after the 
accession of these Ministers,* I had occasion to write to 
one of them, and could not resist the impulse of expressing 
my entire conviction, that if the measures they might have 
in contemplation did not go to the extent of what their 
opponents would not fail to call Revolution (such I think 
were the words) we shd be overtaken by one of great vio- 
lence. Well ! Yo'Hr Revolution has arrived, and my sincere 
Belief unalloyed by any Fears or apprehensions, is that 
with it is arrived a Fairer Prospect of internal tranquillity 
than we have had before our eyes for many years. It 
will consolidate all that is good and worth keeping, and 
it will (I hope at least) be the cause of removing much that 
is foul and hurtful. But to accomphsh this, a great deal 
more than a mere Reform in the Parlt must be set about, 

* Sir Arthur Paget's second son, born 1819, died 1838 ; there had been 
a suggestion of his sharing the education of Prince George of Cambridge 
2 Earl Grey's Whig Ministry, November, 1830-4. 


which Reform by the way, if there were no other argu- 
ment in favour of it, has become indispensable by its last 
Vote on the Canada Timber affair. " Old Institutions ! ! ! " 
Most things deteriorate by age, and, just because they are 
old, are no longer good. Nothing is immutable ! Nothing 
in existence that is not undergoing a change, imperceptible 
sometimes, but a change ; and be assured that some of 
these " Old Institutions," admirable as they might have 
been when created, are no longer adapted to the present 
times, and to the alteration which has taken place in the 
Taste and in the minds of Men. Our own, and all States 
have undergone periodical changes (for Revolution is a 
very ugly word) at intervals perhaps of a couple of Hundred 
years, more or less ; so that in point of Time the pro- 
jected one appears well suited. But there are other signs 
and tokens. By far the greatest Authority that this, or 
any other Country can boast of, tells us explicitly somewhere 
in his Works that " in the declining age of a state, mechanical 
arts and merchandize flourish." If this is true we must 
really want a little propping, or what the Architects I 
think call underpinning, which is a very ticklish job, but 
I look with great confidence to the present Workmen. 
Yours affly, 

A. P. 

Sir Arthur Paget to Earl Grey"*- 

9 Oct. 1831. 

My Dear Lord Grey, — It may not be wholly uninterest- 
ing to you to know the substance of what passed the day 
before yesterday at dinner at my friend Burdett's, which 
I will compress in as few Words as possible. There was 
only Burdett, O' Council and myself. 

Fully aware of the Danger and Impropriety of in any 
way committing you or Lord Anglesey, my object was if 
possible to commit him,* I therefore told him that an 
opportunity was at hand on Lord Ebrington's motion,' 
the object of which must of course be ostensibly unknown 

1 Lord Grey was now Prime Minister, and Lord Anglesey Lord Lieuten- 
ant of Ireland. 

' It is not evident whether the writer refers to Burdett or to O'Connell, 
probably to the latter. 

' To prevent Ministers from resie;ning, although the House of Lords 
had just thrown out the Reform Bill. 

i8i8-4o] A PROPOSITION 325 

to you, when, forgetful of past grievances, he might do 
himself immortal Honor by coming forward in support 
of the Government. This he unequivocally and unhesitat- 
ingly promised to do, totis viribus. These were his words, 
which, upon my urging the Advice, he repeated two or three 
times ! Vedremo. If he keeps his word, he may perhaps 
be induced to do something more — I have no doubt that 
Burdett will report to Lord Anglesey what passed more 
in detail. 

Pray do not be at the trouble of replying to this, unless 
you think that in this, or in any matter, my poor services 
can be worth your acceptance, for they are tendered, 
tho' diffidently, with the utmost sincerity. Ever, my dear 
Lord, yr most faithful humble Servant, 

A. Paget. 

Marquis of Anglesey 

Dublin, March 8th, 1832. 

My Dear Arthur, — I send you the inclosed in strict 
confidence, and I will make a few observations upon the 
subject of it. 

If you accede to the proposition (assuming that it will 
be made) it can only be upon the most patriotic grounds, 
for I know there is, or was, some little asperity of feehng 
on your part towards Ld Granville.^ It was natural enough. 
You had served a great many years in some of the highest 
diplomatic situations, and you saw preferred to you one 
entirely new in the profession, who at once jumped into the 
highest stations, had the retiring salaries much beyond 
your own, and was called moreover to the House of Lords 
with the title of Viscount. You was employed in the most 
arduous times, and your conduct was highly approved 
both by Pitt and Fox. I well remember the kind recep- 
tion I met with from the latter, when he sent to beg I 
would call upon him, and when he announced the necessity 
on account of parliamentary arrangements and the neces- 
sity of employing long-tried and hungry friends of with- 
drawing you from Vienna. Upon that occasion he spoke 
of you in the highest and most flattering terms, but still 
you was recalled, and not so amply rewarded either by Pay 

* Granville, ist Earl Granville, then Ambassador at Paris. 


or Honour as Granville has been. Therefore I repeat, it is 
not unnatural that you should feel somewhat sore upon 
that score. 

On the other hand, we are living in times of the most 
extraordinary difficulty, when it behoves every man to 
give to the state all his powers and zeal in serving his 
Country. Now it is certainly most flattering to be thought 
of, and brought forward in times of danger, and where great 
skill is required. For my part I shall be proud of the 
eclat that would accrue to my family by your being thus 
employed. 'Twould be anything but an enviable situation. 
You would be the locum-tenens of your inferior in diplo- 
matic services, and for probably but a very short period, 
but you would gain honor by the sacrifice you would make, 
and you would serve your Country. 

For my part, I live for that. Would to God that my 
Colleagues could find a more able substitute for me. With 
what joy shd I retire into privacy ! but not all the persecu- 
tions and thwartings of two wretched factions in this 
wretched Country shall drive me from the helm whilst I 
am thought useful, or until things assume a brighter aspect. 

I write as usual in great haste, having indeed scarcely 
time to save Post. I have told Holland that I was sounding 
you upon this matter. If the proposition shd be made 
and you consent, you could put yourself in immediate 
communication with him. If you cannot resolve upon 
the sacrifice pro patrid, there is no harm done. Ever affecy 


There need be no secrecy between Holland and you and 
I, therefore to save time I have determined to send this 
thro' him. If he chooses, he can send it on to you, being 
thus himself in possession of my view of the case. If not, 

Lord Holland to Marquis of Anglesey 

March, 1832. 
I have taken a liberty with one of your Family and 
name, you will tell me if I am right, and tell the circum- 
stance to none but the Party concerned. Granville comes 

i8i8-4o] A CINCINNATUS 327 

to the Committee. In the mean while Paris, where much 
sense and much authority is wanted for various important 
and dehcate objects, would devolve naturally on a very 
good, but singularly inefficient man, the present secretary 
of the Embassy. Now Palmerston projects sending some 
one of rank and condition in diplomacy, who wd condescend 
to accept such a mission for a short time and interval, and 
who is a sensible man, the last requisite, a rare one in ed 
vitae conditione, is indispensable. He asked me ; I answered, 
" Sir Arthur Paget, a Cincinnatus, who would come a dic- 
tator, but a wise and judicious dictator from his plough, 
and return, when his business was completed and the term 
expired, to his Sabine Farm and turnips without regret." 
Do you think he will accept, if it is offered ? I sincerely 
hope he may, if any such expedient as a temporary mission 
is adopted. At any rate, you well know that my only 
motive in suggesting it has been a sense of the pubUck 
advantage, and a conviction that in important affairs there 
could not be a better man. Yrs, 

Vassall Holland. 

Sir Arthur Paget to Marquis of Anglesey 

Hamble Cliff, 12 March, 1832. 

I lose no time, in acknowledging your letter of the 8th 
inst with its enclosure from Ld Holland, in assuring you 
that my gratitude towards you is most sincere and un- 
bounded, and that I am filled with every sentiment due 
to the distinguished honor done to me by Lord Holland. 

I will now proceed to state candidly to you the opinion 
I have formed after the most careful consideration I have 
been able to bestow upon the subject, I am exceedingly 
happy in the first place to give you the most perfect assur- 
ance, that I do not possess anything like the least unkind 
or jealous feeling towards Ld Granville. Whatever con- 
clusion I ever may have come to respecting his abihties, 
attainments, or his Elevation, they have so entirely worn 
away, that there does not exist on his account the slightest 
impediment to my at once accepting the Proposition of 
becoming his locum tenens at Paris, if it shd be deemed 
expedient to call upon me. 

I am thoroughly sensible of the truth and of the force 

328 SIR ARTHUR'S VIEWS [ch. v 

of the appeal you so pointedly make to the feelings which 
ought to regulate my decision. I concede the entire 
argument, and I am almost inclined further to admit the 
frimd facie Case, that an ex-foreign Minister might perhaps 
justly incur the Penalty of forfeiting his Pay for with- 
holding his Services when called for, unless he can shew good 
cause for so doing. But I should require no such exciting 
considerations to govern me. I shd on the contrary feel 
very great Pride in being placed by Ld Grey's Administra- 
tion in a situation of such importance and Eminence, and 
my zeal to serve it would vie with the Honor of such an 

Thus far, it is highly gratifying to me to reflect that my 
Ideas are in exact Unison with those you have expressed. 
I anxiously anticipate that you will not dissent from the 
(I am sorry to admit) equally well-grounded opinions I 
have yet to submit to you. 

It is more than 25 years since I have been living in almost 
entire seclusion from the World, and utter estrangement 
from public affairs. Now it appears to me altogether 
impossible that a Person so situated should be fit to take 
upon himself at once, and without preparation, the manage- 
ment of "various important and delicate objects" in 
foreign Politicks. 

Plain good sense will assist, may carry a man creditably 
thro' the ordinary circumstances of Life; if I recollect 
rightly, indeed Ld Bacon recommends for negociations the 
man of plain sense to one who is cunning to contrive, 
nevertheless there is an Aptitude for business, and Elas- 
ticity of Mind, indispensable for the safe conduct of a 
negociation, which desuetude annihilates. For instance the 
faculty of speaking, writing and thinking in the French, 
or any other Language, however superior it may have 
been, without practice infallibly and entirely perishes. In 
this deteriorated situation I find myself. 

The reappearance at a Court has something in it most 
irksome to me, and in direct opposition to a Vow, which 
upon one important event in my Life, and to which I allude 
with pain, I felt bound to make and to adhere stedfastly 
to. This however, I am aware, is an objection which 
many would hold light, and make subservient to higher 
I am so miserably poor, that I have no funds at my Dis- 

i8i8-4o] HE DECLINES OFFER 329 

posal for any extraordinary expence whatever, and I could 
not expect any additional supply from the Treasury for a 
temporary Service of this nature. 

It is not one, but all these different Reflections in the 
aggregate which convince me of my total inefficiency to 
undertake the Charge in question. There are situations 
undoubtedly of great importance to some of which the 
objections I have urged would not be so applicable ; but 
I have always been of opinion, that, of all secondary places 
of trust and responsibihty, that of a Minister at one of 
the great foreign Courts requires the most Practice as 
well as skill, and as it is self-evident that I am without 
one, and as I am aware that, if I ever possessed any, disuse 
has deprived me of the other, it would, I conceive, be 
not only most presumptuous but dishonest in me without 
this unreserved and most conscientious statement of my 
opinions to accept, if it should be found expedient to make 
it, the offer of so important a Trust. 

Cincinnatus, if I mistake not, was called upon a second 
time, when he was 80 years old. I'll try what I can do for 
that occasion, if it should present itself. 

Pray present my most cordial Thanks and regards to 
Ld HoUand and believe me ever etc., 

A. Paget. 

Sir Arthur Paget to Lord Holland 

13 March, 1832; 

My Dear Lord Holland, — Nothing can exceed my 
gratitude for all your kindness to me. But indeed you 
greatly overrate my poor capacity to serve you. 

As you have seen Lord Anglesey's letter to me, he will, 
I take for granted, communicate to you my Reply. I 
should have felt the greatest Pride in being employed 
by Lord Grey's Administration. I have however lain too 
long on the shelf to be of any use to you. 

Your most kind letter received this morning has 
greatly relieved me. Give me leave to assure you, 
that I feel myself very greatly honored by it and that I 
am &(f, 

A. Paget. 



Marquis of Anglesey 

Dublin, March igth, 1832. 

My Dear Arthur, — I did not acknowledge your first 
letter, because I knew from one I received on the following 
day from Holland, that I might immediately expect an- 
other. I was gratified by the first, as it proved that you 
possessed the true public spirit, which I always admire, of 
being ready to make a sacrifice for the Country's cause, 
but the latter gave me more pleasure, as it shewed that 
you had, after having done the handsome thing, been 
relieved from a very unpleasant and probably unthankful 
Commission. . . . 

Notwithstanding all the provocations given by the 
Orangemen, and all the Alarms excited in their breasts for 
the result of St. Patrick's day, all the reports I have yet 
received are quite favorable. No excesses have been 
committed. My first care was to enlist all the Catholic 
Prelates on my side and engage them to issue their mandates 
to the inferior Clergy. This they did with hearty good 
will. Would to God I could receive the same co-operation 
and assistance from the Protestants and all would be welL 
But they are the Firebrands, and notwithstanding all 1 
am attempting to do to save their Church by reforming 
it, I fear their infatuation will eftect its total ruin. 

My next care was to make such a distribution of the 
troops as to put down any very serious violence. Finally 
I believe Paddy's Day has gone off without a cloud. 

It is probable I may be called upon to attend the Com- 
mittee upon the Reform Bill, if Ireland will admit of my 
leaving it. But I cannot reckon upon tranquillity from 
one day to another. By good management and persever- 
ance Clare (the worst of the Counties last year) is now in 
a perfect state of repose. Confidence is restored, the poor 
fellows are at Work and acknowledging their follies and 
there can be no doubt that if let alone the natural ties and 
connexions between Landlord and Tenant wd be resumed 
and the Elections wd take their usual course. 

That fiend O'Connell, dreading the consequences, is now 
there with Steele, a bold madman, bent upon stirring the 
People up to resistance of all Law and Authority ! and 
probably I shall have the whole thing to do over again. 
Ever ahecy yours, Anglesey. 

i8i8-4o] "BROTHERS ALL" 33i 

Lord Holland to Marquis of Anglesey 

March, 1832. 

Dear Anglesey, — I return you with many thanks Sir 
Arthur's excellent Letter : 

" Since Swift for the Ancients has argued so well, 
'Tis apparent from thence, that the Moderns excel." 

a parody of which you will see on the other side ; 

" Sir Arthur contends he for Place is unfit. 
In such able and masterly Style, 

That the Point he maintains with such logic and wit 
Is refuted thereby aU the while." 

I had, as you foresaw, written to him. I am almost 
sorry the necessity did not occur ; I should like to have 
seen the writer of that Letter again in harness ; but must 
now put it off, I suppose, till we are all octogenarians, 
when I will not fail to claim Cincinnatus's Promise, if 
natural and official life should last so long. 

We are bound to be confident of the 2d Reading,' and 
in good heart about ye Committee. When do you think 
of coming ? Yrs, 


P.S. Was it not fooHsh in Stanley to shirk St. Patrick's ? 

Marquis of Anglesey 

Rome, Feby igth, 1834. 

My Dear Arthur and Brothers All, — I do not know 
that I have any thing worth writing about, indeed I know 
that I have not, but as I have an opportunity of sending 
this by Sir Michael Shaw Stewart, who leaves this to- 
morrow, as it will therefore cost you nothing, I have no 
scruple. If you should any of you fall in with him, he 
can give you a full account of us, and of our way of life 
and proceeding, for we have seen much of him, and an 
excellent and friendly man he is. I will not say that I 
envy him, for I feel that I ought not yet to think of Home, 
but I will say, that if the wished moment should arrive 
when I cd safely and prudently return, I shall be most 
happy, altho' this is more than a bearable way of passing 

1 Of the Reform Bill. 


the time, for it is even a pleasant one, yet there can be 
nothing Hke Home, and altho' the Mediterranean may be 
very good cruizing ground and Naples and Castelamare a 
very good station, yet Cowes and our own Channel are good 
enough for me. Now, Edward, I must answer your letter 
about Cowes. When I was obUged to close B.D.^ and P.Nd, 
I told Uxbridge I had nothing to oner him but the Castle, 
which would be at his disposal. You had better therefore 
express to him your wish to occupy it, and I dare say the 
time of your hoHday will not clash with his views, 
for assuredly he will only be found there in the fashionable 
season, and that is, if I mistake not, after you will have 
again reassembled your flock. = I shall be happy to hear 
that this is so, and that all the Brotherhood are accomo- 
dated as they may want it. I forgot, Charles, to tell you 
that Ux. H. is open to you as long as it belongs to me, 
but I am most anxious to dispose of it. I have no luck 
however in pecuniary matters. I meant to have gone to 
Naples this morning, as there are strong indications of an 
approaching Eruption upon a grand scale, I am not how- 
ever quite equal to it, and have been rather threatened 
the last 2 or 3 days. One or two sharp rides I took may 
have shaken the wretched nerves* a little too much. If 
it passes off, I shall proceed there provided the Mountain 
continues to promise. Tomorrow's post will probably 
decide this, and I have great hopes of quite rallying by a 
little quiet. How I wish Itchen Ferry had our CUmate for 
a fortnight even, and Pearl wd be afloat. Here are nearly 
3 Pages written without any mention of her, this is hand- 
some and forbearing. Yet in truth I have little to say, 
for I believe there is not a single direction omitted, or a 
question put, that has not been answered. The King's 
speech is just arrived. I like it. The language about 
Turkey and Russia is what it ought to be. As for Spain and 
Portugal, I know now what ought to be done, or to be. 
If I were on my Oath, I must say that in point of right 

1 Lord Anglesey on quitting Ireland in 1833 had closed Beau Desert 
and Plas Newydd for a season and gone abroad in order to economize. 
As Captain of Cowes Castle he enjoyed the use of the residence, now the 
head-quarters of the Royal Yacht Squadron. 

2 Sir Edward Paget was Governor of the Royal Military College, Sand- 
hurst, 1826-37, 3-iid afterwards Governor of Chelsea Hospital ; he died 
in 1849. 

3 Lord Anglesey suffered severely from tic douloureux to the end of 
his Ufe owing to the amputation of his leg at W^aterloo. 

i8i8-4o] "THE VAGABOND" 333 

Miguel may claim the throne,* but who \vd tolerate such a 
Vagabond ? Again the question of succession in Spain 
is most embarrassing, and we must go back to the Laws 
of Spain previous to the occupation of the Throne by the 
Bourbons to justify the pretensions of the young Queen, 
yet who would have Don Carlos ? As for the K. of Holland, 
nothing but compulsion will ever wrest from him what 
he possesses. But what the D — 1 have I to do with these 
matters ? Happily nothing, so I will e'en let them be. I 
do not however Uke so much being pointedly (altho' not 
by name) said about O'Connell. It is making him of too 
much consequence. The Vagabond is not worth it. He is 
spiteful and mischievous, but he can no longer do serious 
mischief. But I wd legislate agst the Agitation of Repeal. 
I wd boldly [illegible] Treason. Nothing else will put down 
the cry — or rather stop his mouth, for if that was closed, 
you wd hear no more of it. 

]\Iay Health and Happiness attend you all. Ever most 
affecy yours, 


Marquis of Anglesey 

Naples, April 15th. 1834. 

My Dear Arthur, — I grieve for Ly Augusta and indeed 
for you and for every one who knew that excellent woman. 
Lady Duncannon.* What is the poor fellow to do without 
her, with his enormous and interesting family ? I pity 
him from my soul, and when, in calmer moments than 
those he can have at present, you have an opportunity, 
do assure him that I am one, who altho' far oft, and not 
immediately connected with him, do most sincerely sym- 
pathise in his distress. 

The Papers announce the release of our poor old friend, 
Galloway, but as I had letters of a similar date which do 
not mention it, I still doubt. Soon at all events it must 
happen, and perhaps the sooner the better, both for him 
and his. But how will poor dear Jane take it ? Patiently 
and properly, I have no doubt, poor soul. I will write to 
her, when I am certain of the fact. 

1 Of Portugal. 

* Lady Augusta Paget's sister Maria, Lady Duncannon, died March 19th, 
1834. Creevey's Diary describes her a few years before this as living a 
happy quiet life surrounded by nine white-haired children at Roeharapton. 

334 NAPLES [ch. v 

We arrived here on the 12th, having had a most rapid 
journey, altho' we slept 2 nights on the road, leaving Rome 
late and arriving here early. Mola di Gaeta is beautiful 
and the Bay charming, but this quite exceeds my expecta- 
tions. I am enchanted. Probably the Element has not 
a little to do in it, but I admire Vesuvius, which smokes 
and spits a little to please us, and altogether the locale 
is certainly charming. I am now looking out in earnest for 
the Pearl. She sailed, it seems, in the midst of your distress, 
and you had not, as Charles writes, the party you intended. 
His report of her is encouraging. The Briton Schooner 
has just crossed my windows from the Mole, but she did 
not look as if she was bound for the sea, for I saw no legs 
of mutton, cabbages and the like over the stern, yet they 
say she is going home. George ^ starts for Greece etc, 
tomorrow with Mr. Burgess. Alfred * has given up the 
trip. If all goes well with me, I may possibly run into 
George upon his cruize and bring him back with me. At 
present I am not in force. The fact is Italian weather is a 
humbug and March is (barring Fogs) as bad at Rome as 
in London. I fancy this place more. The Scene at least 
is superb, and if it be too cold to go out, one may at least 
sit and enjoy it behind the windows d I'abri du vent, and 
with the benefit of Sun, whereas at Rome every house is 
constructed and placed so as to have as little as possible 
of that very agreeable companion. 

I met Ld Hertford' and looking, as I thought, better 
than he is reported. He and toute la Boutique start for 
England in a few days. I am anxious to hear of you all. 
In the mean time say everything that is kind from me to 
Ly Augusta. Ever affecly yours, 


Marqtiis of Anglesey 

Rome, Jany 23d, 1835. 
My Dear Arthur, — I have just received your letter of 
the 5th. I am glad that Holland sent to you my letter to 
him, because it contained some sentiments founded upon 

1 Lord George Paget, 1 8 18-80. 

a Lord Alfred Paget, 1816-88, 

3 The 3rd Marquis of Hertford, the Lord Steyne of Thackeray and the 
Yarmouth of the earlier letters. His companions refer to the disreputable 
crew, male and female, who now surrounded him. 


mature consideration. I may be wrong about M. I hope 
I am, and I am ready to believe from wiiat you say, speaking 
as you seem to from good authority, that he has changed 
from what / know that he was. HoUand need have no 
fear of writing freely, for I have no reason to think that 
the Post-Office here is treacherous. At Naples letters were 
opened in the most undisguised manner. 

I am disappointed in not having had Brougham here. 
He wrote to me to announce himself, but having been put 
in quarantine on the way, he altered his plans and has 
returned to Paris and probably by this time to England. 
I wanted much to expose to him the foUies he has been 
committing, and the injury he has done to himself and also 
to the good cause by his imprudence and indiscretion. I 
have written 2 or 3 times to him in this sense. He is a 
Man that must not be lost. He has amazing powers, and 
only wants wholesome controul. He and Durham ^ must 
still act together, but it will require a good deal of hand 
and heel to manage them. They have both dreadful mouths. 
I have no doubt that B. may recover himself, but the 
temper of D. is such that it will be difficult to turn him to 
good account. 

1 still interest myself about pubHc Men and Measures, 
and yet I do not know why I shd, for it must be owned 
(dispassionately speaking) that I have always been but 
scurvily treated both by friend and foe. It is a singular 
coincidence (as Sanderson wd have it) that I have been 
twice recalled from Ireland for enforcing political opinions 
which in both instances the D. of WeUington has adopted 
or is about to adopt. I urged the Cathohc Claims.* I 
drove him into a corner from which he cd not escape, and 
the Tories recalled me with affront. With a subsequent 
Whig Government, I (from a conviction of its absolute 
necessity) so inconveniently and vehemently urged the 
measure of a total and radical reform of the Irish Church, 
which that Cabinet, with a false dehcacy, I think, towards 
Stanley,^ would not adopt, that it was thought adviseable 
to separate us, and I was again recalled, altho' I must admit 
in a far different (that is to say) in a very flattering and 

^ John George Lambton, ist Earl of Durham, a statesman found by 
his colleagues a difficult ally. 

2 During his first viceroyalty of Ireland, 1828-g. 

3 Hon. E. G. Stanley, afterwards 12th Earl of Derby, had been Chic 
Secretary for Ireland during Lord Anglesey's second Viceroyalty, 1830-3. 



even affecte manner. Finding that I cd no longer keep 
Ireland quiet after the outrageous Bill brought in by Stanley 
(and against my advice) for the collection of tithes, without 
an extension of Power, I was most reluctantly (and after a 
delay of the demand, which frighten' d all those with whose 
counsels I was aided and surrounded, and who thought I 
had spun the thread too fine) compelled to call for the 
Coercion Act, fully determined however to use it most 
sparingly, if at all. It was granted, and it acted hke a 
charm, and I never once put it in force. Now that measure 
wd have been quite unnecessary, if instead of passing 
Stanley's Tithe Bill, they had manfully adopted mine. I 
took the greatest pains to concoct it with the aid, advice, 
and opinions of some of the ablest men in Ireland. Not 
only would it have pacified the Country — it would also 
have secured ample provision for the Protestant Clergy — 
it wd have paid the Catholic Church. It wd immensely 
have tended to improve all the Bishops' and Church 
Lands, and it wd also at no distant time have given a 
surplus for the State. I wanted to take all these good 
things in trust for the P. Church, ready to be dealt out 
to them, in proportion as their faith might extend itself, 
but in the mean time, to be used for the benefit of the 
state generally. There was the rub. It was there that 
the shoe pinched, and my friends had not the courage 
to act upon the suggestion put forth and almost prepared 
in the shape of a Bill. Well, I frightened them, and I was 
recalled. What has followed ? Why, that by the main 
force of pubhc opinion the late men were compelled to set 
about bringing forward the very measures (and apparently 
d contre cceur, and as if forced) which if boldly brought 
forward 2 years ago, would have had a magical effect, and 
pleased everybody, even, I do believe, the at present 
starving Clergy. However by dint of intrigue, treachery 
and deceit, these timid men have been driven from the 
Helm, and the man ^ who has seized it, will impudently 
adopt as his ovyn Child a thing conceived two years ago 
and quite ready for parturition, and the expected birth of 
which he has even deprecated as pregnant with extreme 
danger to all our venerable establishments ! There wiU 

^ The Duke of Wellington, who accepted in December 1834 the Foreign 
Office under Sir Robert Peel as Premier ; their ministry was forced to 
resign the following April. 


probably however be this difference between His Grace's 
plan and mine, that whereas mine would indisputably 
have devoted all surplus to the benefit of the State, he will 
expend it all in some ecclesiastical objects, which ought 
not to be wanted, if the actual funds of the Clergy were 
properly employed. 

Thus, you see, I have been twice displaced from the Govt 
of Ireland for the advocacy of two measures, one of which 
was immediately adopted after my first recall, and the 2d 
of which (after having been resisted by the Whigs) was 
at length about to be acted upon by them, but upon their 
displacement is actually to be brought forward by an Ultra- 
Tory Ministry ! ! ! 

I find myself to my shame half way in a second sheet of 
paper ! The truth is I have been run away with. My pen 
has taken the mords-aux-dents, and I cd not stop it. Having 
however written this, you shall pay for it, and it may not 
be unamusing to our good friend. Sir Harry, when this 
travels to Charles, to read this and to smile at the sputtering 
of my spleen. I really did not think that any thing could 
again rouse me upon politicks, but the late extraordinary 
events, and the present portentous crisis will not allow 
any one to slumber in indifference. I have been a good 
deal better lately. It is a fortnight since I have had any 
pain of consequence, and I begin to resume my sleep at 
night, which had totally failed me. I beHeve the fact is 
that all my sufferings for some time have been produced 
by the remedies, whose object is to bring on an artificial 
disease with the intention of beating out the natural one. 
That they have accomplished the first object I wiU vouch, 
let us hope that they will be equally successful in the second. 
Clarence is better, the rest quite well and all join in affection 
for you and yours. I condole with Stewart P. upon his 
lost appointment. How unhappy G. Byng will be at losing 
his seat ! Ever affecly yours, Anglesey.^ 

Marquis Wellesley 

Kingston House, Feby 20th, 1840. 

My Dear Sir Arthur, — I am truly sensible of your 

1 Lord Anglesey continued to exercise no little influence in the inner 
circle of the \Vhig Party down to the date of his death in 1854, his last 
office being that of Master-General of the Ordnance, 1846-52 (a post 
he had previously occupied, 1827-8). 


kindness in calling here so frequently, and it has been a 
main part of my sufferings that I have not been able to 
have the pleasure of seeing you. I have suffered very 
much for some time past from a complaint, which my 
Medical Advisers tell me is not dangerous, but it is very 
troublesome ; and at my advanced age (ten years beyond 
the assigned limit of human life) I must be either prepared 
at all times for the last summons, or I must be afflicted 
with that Infirmity of Mind, which is the usual companion 
of Age : thank God I feel no such Infirmity ; and trusting 
to His Mercy to preserve my Mind to the End, I cheerfully 
await the last gift of Nature — " Et finem vitcB extremam 
inter mimera pono NaturcB." 

Alfred Montgomery,^ who is most grateful for your kind 
countenance, has caUed on you often in my name to inquire 
how you bear this strange weather, which seems to confound 
aU cHmates. We are now apparently beginning Winter, 
when Spring should open. 

Hoping to hear a good account of your health, I am 
ever, dear Sir Arthur, with sincere regard yours most 


^ This gentleman, who was so well known in Society until his death, 
only a few years ago, was Lord Wellesley's private secretary. 



In the early autumn of 1808 the British Government resolved 
to send troops to Spain, whose task should be, in com- 
bination with the national forces, an attempt to sweep 
the French invaders from the Peninsula. Sir David Baird 
was accordingly placed in command of an expedition, 
part of which embarked at Portsmouth in the first days of 
October, comprising among its units the 7th Light Dragoons,' 
of which regiment Berkeley Paget was then major. Con- 
trary winds detained the transports for four weeks, and 
the consequent impatience of the officers was not lessened 
by several visits paid them on board by H.R.H. the Duke 
of Clarence, who " is continually jawing away and inter- 
rupting one. ... He wants to command the Fleet, and 
the Duke of York the Army. I suspect he will be dis- 
appointed. I confess I should be sorry from what I know 
of him to see him in the command of a Fleet, however I 
should rejoice to see the Duke [of York], my Master, com- 
manding the Army. ... I beheve the Duke of Clarence is 
mad. He wore all the Admirals, Generals, and Captains 
to death. They are heartily sick of him, and I don't 
wonder at it." 

The fleet of transports at length put to sea on the 30th of 
October, Berkeley and his brother-officer, Vivian, securing 
a passage on the Sybille, " a noble frigate," with a quarter- 
deck 84 feet long, commanded by an " excessively pleasant 
and good-natured " Captain Upton, which landed them at 
Corufia on the sixth day out after a prosperous voyage, 
largely spent by Berkeley on deck, " sitting on one of the 
guns, basking in the sun, reading old Shakespeare which 
never fails, Lyttelton's Letters, and Gulliver's Travels," the 

1 Communicated by Col. Harold Paget, C.B. 

' Equipped as Hussars from December 25th, 1807. 




last of which he had not looked at since at school, where 
he " had missed the moral they contain." 

His Journal at Corufia describes the filthy aspect of the 
town, and the distasteful Spanish cuisine, mitigated by the 
great civilities of his landlord, Don Joseph Calderon, whose 
wife on one occasion removed a diamond ring from her 
hand as a present for Mrs. Berkeley Paget, a gift poHtely 
declined, and whose " children came into the room whilst 
I was dressing and looked at me, as we have seen people 
survey the Beasts at the Tower, and one of them ventured 
to touch me with as much caution as the Lilliputian did 

On the 17th November the 7th marched from Coruna, 
the intention of Sir David Baird being to effect a junction at 
Salamanca with Sir John Moore, who was advancing against 
the French through Portugal. Berkeley had been lucky 
enough to engage at Corufia an Italian servant, Francois, 
" amazingly active, can cook very well, and by way of 
being able to speak Spanish." The regiment reached 
Astorga at the entrance of the plains of Leon on the 28th 
November, " the best place I have seen in Spain, and bad 
is the best . . . " 80 horses out of the major's detachment 
of 300 had already " dropped out " on the way. At this 
place Berkeley bought some " segars such as the ladies 
smoke," which " with 8 dozen of the finest made " at Coruna 
he sent home for the Princess of Wales "with my best 
duty and respect." On their road to Astorga the troops 
had passed Lord and Lady Holland, travelling " for 
pleasure " ! 

On the 3rd December Bayly, Lord Paget's aide-de-camp, 
" a very moderate campaigner and terrible Croaker," was 
sent to Leon, 28 miles from Astorga across a plain, with 
a letter to the Marquis de la Romana who now com- 
manded the Spanish army in this part of the country. " I 
accompanied him thither and found His Excellcy at the 
Bishop's, having just dined, but the Prelate ordered some 
more for us and was exceedingly civil. The contents of 
the Letter disconcerted him grievously, as it announced 
to him that Astorga would be abandoned on the 6th [Dec] 
by the troops that then occupied it, which was the 7th, loth, 
and a brigade of Horse Artillery. He was furious at our 
Retreat and spoke with great warmth and indignation"^ at 
the step, and indeed I think with justice. However, as I 


merely went to see Leon and not enter into a discussion on 
the merits or demerits of the operation, I took the Liberty 
of suggesting to His Excellency that I was not the proper 
Person to whom he shd remonstrate, as curiosity alone 
had brought me to Leon and that I was neither fit or dis- 
posed to give an opinion upon the Subject, remarking, 
however, that I had no doubt some good grounds had been 
found on which such a step had been decided upon. He 
still went on, and with equal warmth declared he shd never 
have believed that a British Army would come into Spain 
merely to forsake and desert the Nation in its utmost 
extremity, that our Retreat would have the effect of dis- 
heartening the People, and drawing down the French force 
upon the battered Remains of an Army that had fought 
with the greatest valour. That still however he would 
undertake his March to join Sr John Moore's Army,^ and 
that he hoped to effect it, notwithstanding the support 
upon which he had calculated failed him when most he 
wanted it. The British Army, he said, he wished to con- 
sider as merely an Army of Observation — that he wished 
to be in the Front and bear the Brunt of the Business, 
calling upon us only to act in the Event of his being too 
much pressed and obliged to call upon us in his necessity. 
At all events it would be a great Point gained if we would 
remain at Astorga till the loth, as by that Time he shd have 
assembled an Army at Leon of 16 or 18,000 Men, with 
which he would endeavour to form a junction with the 
Army of Sr John Moore, at all risks. He let many obser- 
vations escape him expressive of his Indignation at the 
conduct of the English Generals, by whom he said he was 
abandoned \vithout any Reason as no circumstances had 
occurred which rendered it necessary for them to make 
such a disposition. That the Army, which threatened in 
the Asturias, had been obliged to abandon its object and 
retire for want of"resources, which made it still less neces- 
sary for us to retire, I heard all this with great Patience. 
I had no business to hazard an opinion which perhaps 
might commit me and could be of no use — for he was beyond 
all reasoning, and as my Private opinion very nearly coin- 
cided with his, I shd have made but a lame Battle. The 

1 Then at Salamanca. " Tuyll returned (29 Nov.) from thence, he 
had seen Edward [Paget] who is there in high preservation. They slaoot 
and hunt there every day." 


Bishop got us some Dinner consisting of fried Trout 
and ham swimming in oil, but I was very hungry and 
enjoyed it. 

" After this I accompanied H. Ex. towards the grounds 
where his Troops had been exercising, and I saw about 
three thousand marching into Town after their Exercise. 
I confess I formed a very indifferent opinion of his Army 
— for such a collection of starved, naked, uncouth mortals,* 
I never before beheld in the shape of Soldiers. Two-thirds 
without shoes, as many without hats, most in rags, and all 
looking sickly and worn out. Two battalions only had the 
smallest appearance of Soldiers. They were established 
Regiments and tolerably strong and well clothed. 

" In my road to Leon I met many Parties of the Spanish 
Troops, marching in the most disorderly and unconnected 
Manner. This did not give me a very favourable Idea. 
One Party in its zeal for the Cause, mistaking me I imagine 
for a French Man, drew their Swords and ran towards me 
with furious gestures, and from its loudness, most oppro- 
brious and threatening Language, vowing vengeance no 
doubt upon my unoffending Carcase. I just got out of 
their reach to assure them I was an English officer, when 
one more mercifully disposed than the rest and discovering 
the Error, assured them that I was ' Mi Lor de Cabelleria,' 
by which title Paget goes. In going thro' a village with 
troops in it, Bayly is convinced we were fired at. A Musquet 
certainly was fired, but I cannot take upon myself to say 
it was intended or aimed at us, for I did not hear anything 
of its contents. I could not help however thinking that 
in the Event of our acting together serious Mistakes might 
be made by both Parties. 

" The Bishop of Leon was very civil to us, we remained 
there during the Evening, and Genl Blake made his Appear- 
ance. I had some Conversation with him, he was very 
gentlemanlike. He knew probably as well as the Marquis 
de la Romana that our Retreat had begun, but it had not 
the effect of making him so disagreeable. His Excellency 
sat during the Evening wrapp'd up in his Cloak without 
entering into Conversation, notwithstanding the arrival of 
a Courier a few hours before, announcing from the Supreme 
Junta at Madrid that Genl St. Juan had defeated the 

> " Falstaff's description of his fellows would answer admirably for the 
Spaniards, only better a good deal. ... I cannot exaggerate." 


French with the loss of 6,000 Men,^ and that Castaflos had 
written to say, that he was fighting with every Advantage 
on his Side. In the morning I went, being Sunday, to see 
the Cathedral, which is reckoned the second, that of Seville 
being the first, in Spain. It is really very fine both inside 
and out. The stained Glass Windows are finer than any 
I ever saw. The Bishop proposed my having the Organist 
for the purpose of hearing the Instrument, but I was anxious 
to get back to Astorga, as I was the Bearer of a Dispatch 
from the Marquis to Genl Baird and which was to be for- 
warded from thence. . . . 

" We march' d at eleven at night and reached Zamora 
in the morning, being five leagues, at seven o'clock. This 
is the first Place we enter' d that shewed the smallest 
satisfaction at our Arrival. We were cheer' d thro' the 
Streets, cannon fired, and bells rung. The Junta gave a 
Grand Breakfast to all the officers ; and every one seem'd 
pleased at our Arrival. 

" Zamora is a large City and much the best I have seen 
in Spain, and supplied with almost every Thing a Cam- 
paigner can want. Paget was waited on by the Junta and 
sumptuously entertained by a Marquis, at whose house he 
was lodged. Here there was a fine Place, which with one 
at the Bishop of Leon's are the only two I have hitherto 
met with in Spain. 

" On the loth Deer we left Zamora and arrived at Toro, 
five leagues. All the Inhabitants turned out to see the 
Troops march out. The loth was left there. We arrived 
at Toro at six in the Evening and were greeted with Joy, 
and illuminations. A Spanish officer however, who had 
accompanied Paget from Astorga, very honestly admitted, 
upon being asked the Question, that they would do the 
same by the French in all probability ; and I have not the 
least doubt of it. The Bridge of Zamora is very long and 
narrow and easily defended. The same with the Bridge at 
Castro Gonzalo. Our March between these two therefore 
was extremely hazardous, for the French by detaching a 
Corps towards each Bridge might occupy them at the same 
Time whilst we were between them. Great precaution 
therefore was necessary to ascertain the force of the Enemy 
in the neighbourhood. Patroles had been in the Villages 

1 This'wasl^a lie, and General San Juan was soon afterwards murdered 
by his own troops at Talavera, whither they had fled panic-stricken. 



about, but their force was trifling — and our Object gained 
— as it brought us near Sr John j\Ioore's Army which, had 
the Enemy occupied the Bridge of Zamora, would have 
been impossible. Toro is dirty and stinks horribly. It is 
large enough to hold the two Regiments and a Brigade of 
Horse Artillery, besides a Division of Infantry which is 
intended shd march in to it under Edward's Command : 
the whole, composing the left Wing of the Army to be under 
Paget's Orders, which amounts to about 7,000 men. We 
here heard that the French had enter' d Madrid ^ — tho' 
the day before at Zamora it had been confidently reported 
that they had attempted it, but were repulsed with the 
loss of 14,000 Men killed in the City and 12,000 without 
the Gates. 

" Vivian and I were quarter' d in the House of a Widow 
who was suckling a Child of 13 months old, and upon m.y 
expressing my Surprize at such a proceeding, she told me 
that they generally nursed them till two years old, and till 
they had teeth. 

" On the i6th Deer, received letters from England and 
a Newspaper of the 29th November. The Accounts in it 
from Blake's Army amused us all very much, as we all knew 
the falsity of them. Every step I feel more and more 
convinced of the want of energy in the People and the 
indifference the}^ feel in their own Cause. A Woman who 
had left Madrid the day the French enter' d it on the 8th 
of December said that all the higher Orders of People 
without exception were Traitors, and that we must take 
care of ourselves, as we might be betrayed at every step. 
Pleasant ! The Guides, whom we pressed and from whom 
we occasionally got a good deal of Information, told us 
that the Magistrates had search'd aU the Houses and taken 
away all arms, even knives from the People. So little dis- 
posed were they to resist the French. ... I was just going 
to sit down to Dinner but waited two Hours for Edward, 
who came in covered with Snow. This was the first time 
Snow fell, and we had enough to annoy us before we got 
into our Quarters. 

" We here received orders from Paget to hold ourselves 
in readiness to turn out and march at night upon Sahagun, 
to attack about 5 or 600 French Cavalry which were there. 

^ The French Army, commanded by Napoleon in person, entered Madrid 
on^December 4th. 


However, we remained quiet at night, and heard on our 
march the next morning to Escobar, that Paget had marched 
at night with the loth and 15th, and at daybreak came 
in upon the French Cavahy and attacked them, taking 
150 Prisoners, with some few killed and wounded ; the 
15 th only with a small Picquet of the 7 th, which acciden- 
tally fell in with them on the night march, performed this 
Service. Paget led the Charge, the French facing us man- 
fully ; but they could not stand it and fled after the charge, 
with the loss above mentioned. The Plan was Paget' s, 
and his Execution of it excellent. The 15th and our little 
Party behaved as admirably as possible. The 7th could 
not help envying the lot of the 15th and Paget partook of 
our feelings. 

" On the night of the 23rd Deer with two feet Snow on 
the Ground, execrable Roads to pass,^ and cold beyond 
measure, we received orders to march. The whole Army 
was likewise in motion with an Intention of attacking the 
French Position at Saldana at dayhght. The French Army 
commanded by Marshal Soult. ... On Xmas Eve Paget 
came to Terradillos and told us we were going back. Our 
orders to halt the night before were now accounted for. 

" On Xmas day the right Squadron with Kerrison was 
push'd on to patrole to Carrion, where the French were 
strong. The remaining three Squadrons were left to me to 
advance in his Rear in case he was press' d back, Vivian 
having gone on to join Kerrison. The Army had begun 
their Retreat the night before, and the Cavalry were all 
Xmas Day occupied in pushing on Patroles towards the 
French Posts in order to screen our operations in the Rear ; 
and give time to the Infantry to get away. In the whole 
course of my Life, I never passed so unpleasant a day. I 
turned out before daybreak and remained with the 3 
Squadrons on the Carrion Road till eight o'clock. Vivian 
came up and took away a Party of 20 to join Kerrison with 
orders for me to advance in case of support being necessary. 
I advanced about two miles and halted in some Brush 
Wood according to j^ Vivian's order. Here I waited three 

1 " One would imagine oneself in Kamscatka. ... I have a small cart 
with me which carries everything and keeps up with the Regiment, so that 
I have all my things about me. Vivian and myself are always together, 
and take it by tuins giving feeds to which we usually invite 2 or 3 


hours, and then got orders to advance again and support 
Kerrison, whom I of course supposed was pressed back. 
Having proceeded at a trot for two Miles I got orders to 
halt till further Orders. I was then told that poor Kerrison 
with only three others in gallantly attacking a French Picquet 
of an ofhcer and twelve men, had his Arm broke by the hilt 
of the officer's Sword who had made a thrust at him. 
The Picquet was all taken with the exception of the officer 
who defended himself most gallantly, but who was so much 
cut that he died before he got in to his Post. About one 
o'clock I received orders to march into Grajal, where I 
arrived at 7 at night, having been exposed for thirteen 
hours to the coldest sleet and rain I ever experienced. I 
here, having been thoroughly wet thro', changed my 
clothes, being the first opportunity I had had of so doing 
for eleven days with the exception of my boots and 
Pelisse. I got a very comfortable warm bed and at six 
next morning proceeded on the march to Valderas, a dis- 
tance of between seven and eight leagues. 

" On our march and approaching Mayorga, which we had 
to pass, we heard the French were in it and immediately 
went in pursuit of them. Fortunately for the loth they 
were in front of the Column and had the advantage of 
attacking them about 100. Leigh with a Squadron attacked 
and dispersed them, taking about 50 or 60 Prisoners. We 
then proceeded on our March and reach' d Valderas at 7 
at night, raining and snowing nearly all the day. The 
Baggage was not arrived, and being wet I was obliged to 
go to Bed whilst my things were dr3dng, and Paget was 
good enough to send me something to eat. The French 
were in all directions and every body on the alert. We 
were to march the next day to Benevente, and were under 
great apprehensions lest the French shd cut us off from 
the Bridge near it, for it was certain they were in consider- 
able force in that direction, and knowing of our Retreat were 
probably disposed to harass us as much as possible. We 
however passed the Bridge on the 27th, leaving it occupied 
by some Infantry and Cavalry. I was just putting my 
Squadron into their Quarters between 6 and 7 at night, 
when, having marched the whole day and on the point of 
going to dine with Edward, I was order' d away with it 
towards the Bridge, a Report having come in that our 
Picquets there had been forced by the Enemy and required 


support. I had nearly got to the Bridge, when to my 
great satisfaction I was sent back, the report having been 
very much exaggerated. I got back and got a dinner at 
Edward's, had a good night's rest, and was at breakfast in 
the morning, when I heard a great uproar in the Streets, 
People running in all directions — the Inhabitants crying 
and in dismay, sa3dng the French had forced the Bridge 
and were at the Town's End. All the Troops were turning 
out. I was not dressed and all my Things in the greatest 
confusion, for I had unpacked every thing in order to make 
some alterations in the disposition of my Baggage. In 
addition to this, one of my Mules had got loose the day 
before and disappeared, so that my Cart and its Contents 
were in all probabiHty destined to be left behind. On 
getting to the Alarm Post we remained exposed for about 
two hours to the heaviest rain, and were then order' d in. 
A strong French Patrole had driven in our Vedettes on the 
other side the Bridge, but had been driven back by our 
Picquets. Still this was magnified into the French entering 
the Town, and I never expected any thing more fully from 
the Accounts of the People in the Streets whom I spoke to 
from the Window. From all Accounts the French have a 
very strong force marching upon us and our Retreat will 
be difficult and hazardous ; as they will harass us as much 
as possible. Buonaparte is said to be not far distant with 
a strong force, meaning to head the Army himself. We 
here heard that an officer had left England on the 12th 
December, who said that all the Troops that had embarked 
at that Time had received orders to disembark. These with 
other reasons make every one suppose that our leaving 
Spain is decided upon. For myself, nothing would gratify 
me so much. From the first I formed a bad opinion of the 
Cause of Spain and every day I was more and more con- 
vinced that nothing was to be done to mend the matter. 
The Spaniards want energy and there is no one who excites 
them. The Marquis de la Romana, I understand, was 
invited by Sr John Moore to join our Army in an Attack 
upon Saldafia, and his Answer, after being very much 
pressed, was, that if he did so, he must afterwards put 
up his Army, which was not more than 6,000 Men, into 
Winter Quarters. This is the Spanish Enthusiasm so much 
talked of in England, and which we see in the Enghsh 
Newspapers so much boasted of, to the great Entertainment 


of us in Spain, who know the absurdity of the Opera- 
tions by woful experience. I really don't believe they like 
the French, on the contrary they may detest them ; but 
they take no means to avert the Blow that threatens them. 
Their Inactivity and Supineness is most strikingly evident 
and most amazing ; and the universal Sentiment of the 
Army is that we can be of no use and that the sooner we go 
home the better — and I really do beheve that an Army 
never enter' d a Country more unanimously disposed than 
ours to promote the Cause and use every exertion to accom- 
phsh the Object in view — but never was an Army more 
disappointed, or more sick of the whole Thing. The Cavalry 
from the Time the Army began to advance to the moment 
I am writing have never had a moment's rest. Occupying 
the Out Posts, marching day and night, patroling all over 
the Country, never any rest ; and this is a season of 
alternate Rain, Frost and Snow. Our Horses saddled all 
night, and every body ready to turn out at a moment's 
Notice, has been the order of the Day. In short nothing 
can be more harassing than our Duty, and we have still 
more to look forward to. 

" On the 29th Deer, at eight in the Morning an alarm 
was given that the French were advancing towards Bene- 
vente. AU was hurry and confusion. It proved that a 
very gallant affair had taken place with the Cavalry. The 
Bridge of Castro Gonzalo had been destroyed ; the French 
Cavalry therefore, consisting of 500, passed a ford above 
the Bridge. The Picquets from the different Cavahy regi- 
ments, consisting of only 145 Men, immediately charged 
them and put them to rout after some desperate hard 
fighting and very severe skirmishing. The French crossed 
the ford again and by this Time we got some Guns up, 
which answered them with ShrapneU shells tiU they retir'd 
into a Village on the other side. General Lefebvre ^ was 
taken prisoner, and said the Troops we had beat were the 

1 " A French officer has this moment entered our room and is telling 
the story of his capture, he has a proper cut in his face, but says it is 
' la fortune de la guerre.' He has produced a certificate from some officers 
of the 79th of his politeness to them in Egypt. I hope he will say the 
same of us, for we are cramming him with Tea and Toast which he pre- 
ferred to anything else. All the people here turned out to see him and 
would willingly have put liim to Death. You have no idea of the Brutality 
of the Spaniards and their Cowardice at the same time . . . they seemed 
quite otfended at our attention to the prisoners and were probably very 
much surprised we did not murder them." ' 


Imperial Guards, which till that morning had never before 
been beaten. He said he never saw such fighting and that 
they were not accustomed to such resistance and deter- 
mination. The loss was considerable on both Sides. It 
is remarkable that of 21 Men of the 7th who composed 
part of the Picquet, seven were killed or died of their wounds, 
and fourteen were wounded. We had four 7th officers of 
the Party who were not touch' d. Paget came up immedi- 
ately after the first Attack of the Picquet, and after- 
wards directed the further operations. The 7th were left 
during the day with two Guns to protect the Passage. To- 
wards Evening the Enemy were on the move towards the 
ford, and were assailed with some Shrapnells from our 
Guns, this did not prevent them from bringing down four 
Guns against us, which they blazed away at us without 
eftect. At seven in the evening we retired from the ford, 
and marched all night till we arrived early in the morning 
at La Baneza. I had then been 24 hours on horseback 
with a very scanty share of Provender. However, at La 
Baiieza Paget gave me a good Dinner, and the next Morning 
at Daylight we reached Astorga having as usual marched at 
night. We here found Romana's Army on its flight. I was 
comfortably sitting down to Dinner here with Stewart, when 
an alarm was given that the Foe had driven in our advanced 
Picquet. As usual we were turned out at seven at night 
and at twelve marched towards Bembibre, which we did not 
reach till twelve in the morning having passed thro' the 
Mountains cover' d with Snow. Such a miserable night it 
was hardly possible to conceive. Snowing most part of the 
Time and the cold most intense. The Road blocked up 
with Infantry Baggage detain' d us more than an hour on 
the very summit of the Mountain. The road so slippery 
that our horses were shpping up in all directions. On my 
arrival at Bembibre I had the mortification to learn that 
the Mule, which carried my Canteens and a small Port- 
manteau with some snuff. Books, Sponges, &c., had escaped 
from my Servant and was irrecoverably gone. This was 
not my first disaster in that way, for between Valderas and 
Benevente one of the Mules escaped from my Cart and 
galloped off. At Benevente however my Muleteer found 
unowned two Mules which he laid his hands upon, these 
reached Astorga, but had no sooner so done, than some of 
the German Legion came into the Stable and turn'd them 



loose to make Room for their own Horses. In this dilemma 
I had come to the resolution of destroying the Cart and 
Baggage, but, fortunately, my Brother's Muleteer had two 
spare Mules of his own, which he lent me. I was also at 
Astorga obliged to shoot a Horse, that on our first day's 
March from Coruha I had been obhged to leave from illness 
at Betanzos. It reached me a few days before at Bene- 
vente, I got him on with difficulty to Astorga, from whence 
it was impossible to remove it. 

" From Bembibre we marched to Villa Franca leaving 
the Reserve in our front. This was the first Time we had 
had any Infantry in our Front, for we had protected them 
in the open Country and now having reached the Mountains 
we changed Places. They however kept some Cavalry, for 
we were in great request and I believe they did not think 
themselves safe without us. We had borne all the hard 
Work. The Infantry slept in peace whilst we protected 
them in front. At Villa Franca as well indeed in other 
places during the Retreat the greatest Enormities had been 
committed by our Troops — plundering in the most outrageous 
degree. It was necessary to endeavour to put a check to 
it and an unfortunate fellow of the 7th was the first object, 
he was caught in the act of Plunder with several others, 
who drew lots for their Life. He was shot in presence of 
the Troops then in Villa Franca. The sight was distressing, 
and notwithstanding the absolute necessity of making an 
Example one could not but feel extreme compassion for the 
unfortunate Creature. 

" Just as we left Villa Franca in the afternoon of the 
3rd January, the French advanced towards Casabellos, a 
Village to our front. We were to have halted at night at 
Herrircas, and had reached it, when we were order'd to push 
on to Nogales near eight leagues, as the Enemy were in such 
force as to oblige us to abandon Villa Franca, every thing 
there that could not be brought away having been destroyed. 
The French it was understood during their March had 
destroyed many of our stragglers, others they made prisoners, 
of which I shd imagine there were many. I could not have 
conceived so bad a march as our Army made. The Roads 
cover'd with Baggage and Sick, all or most of which would 
probably fall into the hands of the French. We reached 
Nogales between eleven and twelve at night after a most 
severe march. Horses dropping down dead from fatigue. 


others obliged to be shot from their inability to proceed 
for want of shoes. A mountain we had to pass covered with 
Snow, and on it quantities of Carts loaded with Sick, Women 
and Children. The night piercing cold and the poor 
Creatures crying from its effects. Several were lying dead 
from the severe cold. I got into a Manger at Nogales and 
got three or four hours' Sleep whilst our Horses were getting 
some rest and food — Cover they had none, and at six in 
the Morning we marched for Lugo which we reached in the 
Evening of the 4th January, having marched between 
sixty and seventy miles in twenty-four hours, stopping only 
a few hours at Nogales. Such fatigue I never underwent — 
and indeed for several days suffered much for want of food. 
My Canteens were gone and I had nothing but what I 
could pick up from my friends, whom I was scrupulous of 
calling upon as they were not much better off than myself. 
We had march' d thro' a mountainous country exhausted by 
a large Army having preceded us, so nothing was to be 
bought. I shd have gone to Bed at Lugo, not having eat 
more than six ounces for about twenty-four hours, had I 
not found in the Quarters allotted for me two or three 
officers, who took compassion on me and gave me some 
excellent Eggs and Bacon ; I never made a more hearty 
meal or enjoyed one more. Independent of these hardships 
and privations I had for above a week been suffering most 
dreadfully from the Rheumatism — occasion' d no doubt by 
our night marches and fatigues in such very inclement 
and severe weather. Those who had served the Campaigns 
in Flanders say, that the privations, hardships, and fatigues 
and bad weather were not at all equal to what the Troops 
have suffer'd in Spain. The French always close at our 
Heels and the troops never having a day's rest. I speak 
principally of the Cavalry, I am now writing at Lugo, and 
in thirty- three days we have march' d near seven hundred 
miles, with only eight halting days, besides this, all the 
fatigues and duties of the Advanced Posts, which we always 
occupied, till we arriv'd at Villa Franca. Here indeed tho' 
in a Country where cavalry must be in the way of Infantry 
— I really beheve it was with reluctance that we were 
suffer'd to pass thro' the Infantry, who however kept 
some to take care of them. At Villa Franca Paget met with 
a most serious and irreparable loss. His Stable caught 
fire in the night and Elphi Bey, Harlequin, and a French 



Horse taken by the 15th at Sahagun and presented by them 
to him, were suffocated. At Lugo we never had a quiet 
moment, the French were at our Heels, and we occupied 
a Position in front of it. Reports were continually brought 
in that the Enemy had forced our Posts and were advancing 
to the Town. 

" On the morning of the 8 th January at daybreak the 
whole Army were drawn out and an attack on the French 
determined upon. However the day passed without the 
intended attack, and at night the Army retired. We had 
the Rear Guard and did not leave the Advanced Posts 
till near five in the morning. We had been the whole 
day without Cover and exposed to Rain, and the march 
at night was the most uncomfortable that could be imagined. 
Our whole occupation was in forcing along the Stragglers, 
which I am confident amounted to above two thousand. 
We had to pass a Bridge over the Minho, a very rapid river, 
and from the Rains render' d not fordable. It was of conse- 
quence to blow it up to impede the Pursuit of the Enemy. 
Preparations were accordingly made but hke all others of 
the same nature failed, for the French Cavalry passed the 
Bridge half an hour after we had attempted to blow it up. 
It is impossible to conceive any thing so ridiculous as the 
attempts made at blowing up Bridges, &c. &c. We had 
passed thro' a Country that by common precautions might 
have offered insurmountable obstacles to a pursuing Enemy, 
if we had taken advantage of the means in our Power. If 
the mountains had been searched no Cavahy or Artillery 
could possibly have passed for many days, and thereby our 
Retreat not harassed as it was. But the means were neg- 
lected and we ran away with the French at our Heels at 
every step. From Lugo the Army reached Bamonde at 
one in the afternoon having march' d at night, and having 
halted a few hours, at seven in the Evening the whole Army 
began its march towards Corufia. Such a march I suppose 
never was made. I never witness' d such scenes of 
distress and misery. The Men absolutely worn down with 
fatigue — many without a Shoe to their feet and suffering 
besides from hunger. These objects excited one's Com- 
passion, as weU they might, many lay down in the Road 
and there died. Hundreds however of stragglers excited 
very difierent sensations, as they remained behind for the 
avowed purpose of Plimder. The trouble we had to clear 


Villages and houses of these Scoundrels was not to be told. 
We told them they would all be taken, but they were totally 
regardless of our admonitions and Threats. Many lay in 
the farm yards so exhausted that it was out of our Power 
to remove them and they of course fell into the Enemy's 
hands. From having formed the Rear Guard the whole 
Way, I had particular opportunities of witnessing these 
Scenes of Misery and Confusion. 

" In the night I passed the whole Army on its march, in 
order to make my Way to Coruna by Vivian's Order to 
seek out for Quarters for the Remains of our Regiment, and 
I arrived at Coruiia on the loth, and had the mortification 
of seeing that there were no means of embarking the Army, 
the Transports not having come round from Vigo. I was 
really rejoiced at getting back to Coruna, notwithstanding 
the extreme critical situation in which the Army was 
placed, the Enemy in force having obliged us to fall back 
to within two miles of Coruiia and not a ship to put a Man 
on board. On the 13th we received an order to embark a 
portion of the 7 th in a few transports that were in the 
harbour, and as our Regiment could not now muster more 
than one hundred and thirty horses — the transports were 
nearly sufficient for the whole. However on the 14th 
without waiting the complete embarkation of the Regiment, 
I went on board the Anne, hired Armed Brig, with B. Gen. 
Stewart, who was bound with Dispatches to England, 
Paget very kindly having suggested to me the Plan, which 
I was eager enough to embrace. We had not been many 
hours out of Coruna harbour, when we had the gratification 
of seeing the whole fleet of transports &c. &c. from Vigo 
steering for Coruna, which we were told they would certainly 
reach at night." . . . 

" To my infinite Joy arrived in London on the Morng of 
the 2ist Jany. 1809." 



Aboyne, Geo., 5th Earl of, 316 
Adair, Sir Roljert, 202, 243, 246 and 

Addenbrooke, Col., 116 and note ; 

160, 232-4, 236-8 
Addington, Right Hon. Henry, 
M.P., " the Doctor," 22, 28, 247 
Adolphus, H.R.H., Duke of Cam- 
bridge, 48, 216 
Ainslie, Dr., 189 

Althorpe, Chas. John, Viscount, 315 
Alvanley, Richd., ist Lord, 20 
Alvanley, Wm., 2nd Lord, 217, 219, 

Amelia, H.R.H. Princess, 18 
Andover, Viscount and Viscountess, 

Anglesey, Charlotte, Marchioness 
of, xiii ; "My Lady," 292; see 
also Lady Paget and Countess of 
Anglesey, Field-Marshal Henry 
William, ist Marquis of, xii, 
xiii; "your brother," 285 
" Paget," 289 ; 292, 295-6 
at Plas Newydd, 298 ; 304, 306, 
324—7, 330-7 ; see also Lord 
Paget and Earl of Uxbridge. 
Arbuthnot, Charles, 246, 319 
Argyll, Caroline, Duchess of, 169, 
172-3, 177, 194. 207, " Her 
Grace," 227 ; 241-2, 289, 296 
Argyll, Geo. Wm., 6th Duke of, x ; 
87, 88, 103, 107-8, 169, 172, 
194, 207, 223-4, 241-2, 289, 311 
Arrnfeldt, G. M., Baron von, 46 
Armstrong, Major and Mrs., 20, 215 
Augusta, H.R.H. Princess, 182 note 
Augustus Frederick, H.R.H., Duke 

of Sussex, 27 
Austria, Archduke Charles of, 5 1 
Austria, the Archdukes of, 284-5, 

Austria, Francis, Emperor of, 52 ; 

" the Emperor," 178 ; 299 
Aylmer, Adm., 225, and note. 

Baillie, Dr., 189 

Baird, Gen. Sir David, 70, 94 note ; 


Barosa, battle of, 158 note ; 159 

Barry, Capt., 76 

Basque Roads, action in, 114 

Bath, Order of the, 268, 273 

Bath, Thomas, 2nd Marqviis of, 41 

Bathurst, B., M.P., 263 

Bathurst, Henry, 3rd Earl, 269, 316 

Battine, Mr., 147, 184 

Bayly, Capt., 153, 340 

Bayly, Caroline, Lady, vii 

Bayly, Sir Edward, viii 

Bayly, Henry, see Paget. 

Bayly, Sir Nicholas, vii-viii 

Bayly, Paget, 27 

Bayonne Islands, no 

Beardmore, Mr., 118, 266, 272 

Beau Desert, vii, xii, xiii ; the King 
intends visiting, 36 ; shooting at, 
39, 151, 164, 211 ; 107 ; " sur- 
render of," 218 ; 252 ; " B. D.," 
269 ; the Regent's visit to, 285 ; 
293 ; great clock at, 294 ; closed, 
332 and note. 

Becket, Mr., 317 

Beckford, Horace, 158, 202 

Beckford, Peter, 155 

Beckwith, Gen. Sir G., 306 

Bedford, Georgiana, Duchess of, 
"the Duchess," 112 ; 139, 161, 197 

Bedford, John, 6th Duke of, 112, 
161, 176, 188, 195. 197. 206. 310, 

Bellingham, 142 
Belluno, Marshal, 159 
" Ben," see George, Prince of Wales. 
Benevente, combat at, 105-6, 346, 

Pentinck, Admiral, 229, 234, 243 
Bentinck, Lady Charles, 233 
Bentinck, Lord Charles, 41, 233 
Bentinck, Lady Frances, 229 
Bentinck, Lord Frederick, 121, 202, 

Bentinck, Lady Mary, 3 1 




Bentinck, Major- Gen. Lord Wm, 

Cavendish, 128 vote, 149. 216 
Beresford, Marshal Sir William, 232 
Berkeley cause, 185, 191, 193 
Berkeley, Earl of, 177 
Berkeley, Elizabeth, Countess of, 

191 and vote. 
Bertie, Lady Charlotte, see Countess 

of Cholmondeley. 
Bertrand, Gen., 274 
Betty, Master, 26 
Bishops Court, 113, 215, 289 
Blackwood, Capt., R.N., 257 
Blake, Gen., 342 
Blandford, Susan, Marchioness of, 

213 and vote. 
Bloomfield, Sir Benjamin, 84 vote ; 

Bonaparte, Napoleon, 46, 99, 102, 

114, 124, 252 ; at Elba, 274-5; 

281, 347 
Borghese, Princess Pauline, 275 
Boringdon, Lord, 40 
Borrowes, Sir Erasmus and Lady, 

157, note. 
Boston, Wm., ist Lord, vii 
Boyle, Miss, see Lady Henry Fitz- 

Bridges, Sir Egerton, 158 
Brighton, 'f6te at the Pavilion, 14; 

85, 289 
Brooks' Club, 62, 177, 315 
Brougham, Henry, M.P. (Lord 

Brougham), 315, 335 
Browne, Catherine, 167-8, 175 
Browne, Dominick, 167-8, 175 
Bruhl, Countess de, 188 
Brummel!, George, 15 and note ; 

his " dehghtful house," 34; 85, 

127, 194-5 ; " t^^ Brummell," 

211 ; " Count Brummell," 217; 

219; at Calais, 293-4, 300-1; 

subscriptions for, 311 and note, 

312, 314 
Brympton, 115 
Buckingham, George, ist Marquis 

of, 294 and note. 
Buckingham House, 116 vote. 
Bucknall, Hon. Mrs., 204 and vote. 
Bucknall, Hon. William, xi 
Bulkeley, 7th Viscount, 61 and woitf. 
Burdett, Sir Francis, M.P., 142, 

t88, 197, 241 and note, 253, 324 
Burghersh, Priscilla, Lady, 262, 

Burghersh, Lord, 153, 175, 185, 270, 

Bute, Marchioness of. 98 
Byng, Hon. George Stevens, 337 

Calder, Adm. Sir Robert, 39 
Cambridge, see H.R.H. Adolphus, 

Duke of. 
Campbell, Lady Frederick, 67 
Campbell, Col. Sir Neil, 275 
Canning, Right Hon. George, M.P., 

64, 143, 315-20 
Canning, Miss, 310 
Cannock Chase, 252 and note. 
Capel, Hon. Algernon, 175 note. 
Capel, Lady Caroline, xi ; " Lady 

Caroline," 3, 6, 33, 44, 190, 194, 

261, 264, 299, 303 
Capel, Harriet, 194 
Capel, Hon. John Thos., xi, 5, 6 ; 

debts of, 18; 190, 198, 261 ; 

" poor Capel," 301 ; death of, 

Capel, Maria, 301 
Cardigan, Jas., Earl of, 5 
Carey, Mrs., 219 and vote. 
Carlisle, Fredk., 5th Earl of, 319 
Carlos, Don, of Spain, 333 
Carlton House, 144, 177 ; fSte at, 

194-6, 198-9; 265, 298 
Caroline, H.R.H., Princess of Wales, 

xiii ; 84, 112-13 note; 201, 263, 

Cashiobury, 3 
Castlereagh, Robert, Viscount, 129, 

264, 298 

Cathcart, Lieut. -Gen. William, ist 

Earl, 53, 68, 69, 70 
Catholic Emancipation, 32 ; lost, 

34; 61, 314, 318-9, 335 
Cervetto, Mr., 67, 119 
Champagne, Gen. Forbes, 264 
Champagne, Rev. George, " my 

good uncle," 30 and vote ; his 

candlestick, 108 ; his indigestion, 

Champagne, Jane, see Countess of 

Champagn6, Josias de Robillard, 

ix vote. 
Champagne, Gen. Josias, 118 
Charlotte, H.M, Queen, ix, 18, 

265, 289, 298 and note. 
Charlotte, H.R.H. Princess, 144, 

265, 289 vote. 

Chatham, Gen. John, 2nd Earl of, 
128, 285 

Cheshire, Dr., 147, 175 

Chester, Mr. (" Chig "), 127, 217 

Cheveley Park, 217, 219 

Chichester, Geo. Augustus, Vis- 
count, 6 

Chilver, Dr., 296 

Chimay, Princesse de, 305 



Cholmondeley, George, 4th Earl of, 

4, IQ5 and vote, 106, 302 
Cholrnondeley, Georgiana Charlotte, 

Coimtpss of, 4 
Cintra, Convention of, 90 note, 
Clanricarde, Marqins of, 310 
Clanwilliam family, t66 
Clarke, Mary Anne, 136 and note. 
Cline, Dr., 147 
Close family, i ^iy 
Cobbett, William, 38, 107 
Cochrane, Lord. 114 and note. 
Coke, Thos. William, 10, 108 and 

Coleman, General, 232 and note, 235 
Coleman, " old," 232, 237 
Collingwood, Adm. Lord, " old 

Coly,"7i, 8t 
Colvear, " voung," 302 
Compton, Mr. and Mrs., 272, 276 
Congreve, Col., 144, 183 
Convngham, Marchioness, 149 note. 
Coolhnrst, 33 and note, 133 
Cope, Miss, 5 and note. 
Copenhagen, bombardment of, 69 
Cornwallis, Charles, ist Marquis, 29 
Coriinna, 94 note, 109, no, 117, 340, 

Cotton, Sir Charles, 70 
Cowes Castle, 332 and note. 
Cowesfield, 2^6 and note. 
Cranborne Chase, 130, 133, 145 

and note, 156 
Cumberland, see H.R.H. Ernest, 

Duke of. 

Dartmouth, Wm., 2nd Earl of, 27 

Delme, Mr., 240 

Demerara, 306 note. 

D'Escar, Due, 305 

Don. Gen., 42, 53, 124 

Donkin, Roljert, 149 

Dorset, Geo., 4th Duke of, 278 

Dorset, Charles, 5th Duke of, 279 

and note. 
Douro, passage of the, 116 note ; 

Duckworth, Sir John, 80 
Duncannon, '^ohn Wm., Viscount, 

31 e, 31S and note. 
Duncannon, Maria, Viscountess, 

115 note. 187, 333 and note. 
Durham, ]dhn Geo., ist Earl of, 

335 and note. 

Ebrington. Lord, 20T 

Edward, H.R.H., Duke of Kent, 

238 and note. 
Elba, island of, 274-5 

Eldon, ist Earl of, " the Chan- 
cellor," T82 ; " the C— r," 184 

Elysee, Pdre, 164 note. 

Encombe, 182, 184 

Enniskillen, Charlotte, Countess of, 
xii ; 46; " Charlotte," 217, 259 

Enniskillen, John, 2nd Earl of, 
xii, 40, 2TI-I2, 214, 217, 259, 285 

Ernest, H.R.H., Duke of Cumber- 
land, attack on, 133, 135, 143, 
• 171, 250 

Erskine. Col. James (afterwards 
Gen. Sir James), xi, 13, 19 ; in 
Spain, 115 

Erskine, Lady Louisa, xi ; " con- 
demned to the country," 13 ; 
in Ireland, 19 : and " little Lou," 
32 ; and Sir R. Calder, 39 ; " in 
a rage," 43 ; on Nelson, 50 

Erskine, Gen. Sir William, 115, 258 
and note, 259 

Essex, Countess of, 18, 303 and note. 

Esterhazy, Princess Leopoldine, 55 
and note, no note. 

Esterhazy, Prince Paul, 25, 166, 287 

Esterhazy, " old Prince," 299 

Evans family, 60 

Fair Oak, 88, 165 

Fagniani, Miss, 5 and note. 

Fane, Gen., 175, 202-3 

Fane, Lady Georgiana, 115 note, 

Fane, Ladv Mana, 115 note. 
Farquhar, Sir Walter, "" Sir Walter," 

38, 175 
Ferrol, 75, 117 
Fetherstone, Sir Harry, 161, 162 

note, 171, 176, 195,205-8,219-21, 

239. 290, 295, 304-5. 321 ; " Sir 

Harry," 337 
Finch, Gen.. 53 

FitzGerald, Lord Edward ; 4 note, 5. 
FitzGerald, Lady Henry; xnoie, 

3. 7 
FitzGerald, Lord Henry ; i note, 

2-3 4. 7 
Fitzherbert, Mrs., 196 and note, 

207 note, 239-40 
Fitzwilliam, Richard, 7th Viscount, 

288 and note. 
Florence, 275, 299 
Florence Court, 46, 217 
Forbes familv, ix, note. 
Fox, Right Hon. C. J., M.P., 2, 56 

note, 325 
France.'Lonis XVTTI of, 304 
Frederica, H.R.H., Duchess of York, 

15, 86, 122 note. 



Frederick, H.R.H., Duke of York, 
journey to Germany, 5 ; recon- 
ciled to Prince of Wales, 17 ; 
"the Duke," 94, 115; resigns 
command-in-cliief, 136 note; 
157, 183 and note ; his reinstate- 
ment, 189, 210 ; " D[uke]," 211 ; 
size of, 217; 273, 339 

Frogmore, fete at, 33 

Galloway, Geo., 8th Earl of, xi ; 
" Garlics," "in the Squadron," 
26 ; 28 ; a Lord of the Admiralty, 
32, 38 ; political opinions, 131-2, 
140-2, 156, 182, 185, 193 ; " Gar- 
lies," 205 ; 212-13, 285-7, 333 

Galloway, Jane, Countess of, xi ; 
"Jane," 34; 56, 185, 205; 
" Jane," 333 

Galloway House, 213-14 

Gambler, Adm. Lord, 70, 100 and 
note ; 114 note ; 126, 128 

Gardner, Adm. Lord, 73 

Garlics, Lord, see Earl of Galloway. 

Garter, Chapter of the, 32 note, 317 

Garthshore, William, M.P., 12-13 

George III., King, ix ; health 
mending, 17, 18, 20 ; " state of," 
23 ; reconciled to Prince of Wales 
27 note • " comfortable account 
of," 28 ; " wonderfuUy well," 
30 ; intends visiting Beau Desert, 
36 ; " in prodigious force," 39 ; 
" old Nobbs," 41 ; " eyes not 
better," 48 ; " eyes better," 
53 ; and Lord Grenville, 61 ; 
praises Edward Paget, 116 ; in 
a declining way, 149 ; " mad," 
173 and note ; " the K — g," 177 ; 
" not so well," 182 and note ; 
185, 189, 193 ; his death ex- 
pected, 201, 207 ; " our beloved 
King," 274 

George, H.R.H., Prince of Wales, 
afterwards Prince-Regent, and 
King George IV. ; illness at 
Brighton, 14 ; reconciliation with 
Dukeof York, 17 ; with the King 
27 ; dines at IJxbridge House, 
32 ; attends reviews, 39 ; at 
Weymouth, 41 ; Berkeley Paget 
on, 84 ; his speech at the Pavi- 
lion, 85 ; 116 note ; suicide of one 
of his servants, 119; at Oat- 
lands, 122 ; conference with 
Lord Paget, 133, 135 ; " holds 
forth," 143-4 ; his saying about 
Lord Wellesley, 143 note ; Lord 
Yarmouth a favourite, 149; 157, 

171, 177 ; " very great," 178-9, 
182, 183 ; on Lord Paget, 188- 
9 ; " He," 190, 192 ; his fete, 
195-9 ; his wig, 199 ; " the 
R — t," 206, 207, 210 ; his shoot- 
ing, 211, 217; at York House, 
229 ; " whimsical," 222, 230-1 ; 
235-6 ; his tale of Sir H. Fether- 
stone, 239 ; " Charles XII de 
Paix," 241 ; and his " old 
friends," 242 ; his conduct, 247 ; 
and Mr. Hayter, 250 ; and 
Princess of Wales, 263 ; presents 
Lady Caroline Paget to the Queen 
264 ; 268 ; at Beau Desert, 285 ; 
gives gold cup to Charles Paget, 
297; and Lady Graves, 298; 
305 ; and Canning, 315 ; and 
Catholic Emancipation, 317 ; 
" obtains an ascendancy," 321 ; 
" our IVth ; 323 

Gladstone, Dr., 296 

Gloucester, Prince William of, see 
William Frederick, H.R.H. Prince 

Goderich, Frederick, ist Viscount, 
" Goody," 321 and note. 

Goodwood, 320 

Gordon, Jane, Duchess of, 2 and 
note, 3 

Gordon, Mr., 238 

Graham, Gen. Sir Thomas, 158 and 
note, 200 

Granard, George 5th Earl of, ix 

Grantham, Thomas, 2nd Lord, 31 

Granville, ist Earl, 325-7 

Grassalkovitch, Tiny, 299 

Grassini, Mile., 266 

Grattan, Henry, M.P., 34 

Graves, Adm., 179 

Graves, Mary, Lady, xii ; her pic- 
ture, 21 ; birth of a daughter, 
53; III, 113; 144; "Mary," 
205, 285, 289 ; and the Regent, 

Graves, Thomas, 2nd Lord, xii ; 
" a treat," 38; iii ; at Plas 
Newydd, 118-19, 144; "little 
Graves," 173 ; on farming, 179- 
81, 194 ; at the Regent's fete, 
195 ; " mon petit Graves," 
199 ; " very great," 205, 208-9, 
245; "the fat man," 249; 263-4, 
285, 289 and note ; 291-2, 301-4, 

Grenville, Wm., Lord, 57, 61, 143 
Grenville, Right Hon. Thomas, 59, 

GreviUe, Charles, 6, 41 



Greville, Lady Charlotte, 41 

Grey, Charles, 2nd Earl, 143, 316, 

317, 318, 322-4. 
Grimston, Hon. Charlotte and 

Harriet, 212 note. 
Grimston, Sophia, see Paget. 
Gwydyr, Peter, ist Lord, 302, 312 

Half or d. Sir Henry, 189 
Hamble Cliff, 327 
Hamilton, Sir Charles, 128 
Hamilton, Emma, Lady, 162 note. 
Harborough, Robt., 6th Earl of, 310 
Harcourt, Wm., 3rd Earl, 200 
Hardenberg, Count, 287 
Hardwicke, Philip, 3rd Earl of, 294 
Harrington, Gen. Charles, 3rd Earl 

of, 233 
Harris, Lady Catherine, 17 note ; 

18, 20, 21 
Harvey, Adm., 128 
Hastings, Warren, trial of, 2 
Hatfield, 3 
Hawkesbury, Robert, Lord, 22 ; 

see also Earl of Liverpool. 
Hayter.John, 249-50 
Herbert, Hon. Sidney, 288 
Hertford, Isabella, Marchioness of, 

i^gnote, 194 
Hertford, Francis Chas., 3rd Mar- 
quis of, 5 note, 334 and note. 
Holkham, 10, 107-8 
Holland, Elizabeth, Lady, 10, 310 

and note, 340 
Holland, Hemy, 3rd Lord, 10, 310, 

326, 329, 331, 340 
Holland, WilUam I, King of, 333 
Hope, Gen. Sir John, 200, 238 
Hopetoun, John, 4th Earl of, 294 
Hoste, Sir William, 313-14 
Houghton, 107 

Howe, Baroness, 255 and note. 
Howe, Hon. Mrs., 233, 237 and 

note, 239 
Howe, Gen. Lord, 200 
Howick, Charles, Lord, 57, 64, see 

also Earl Grey. 
Hugonin, Gen., 219 
Hunt, " Orator," 298 and note. 

lUingworth, Rev. G., 149, 228, 248, 
252, 270-3, 279-80, 289, 290 note, 

Ireland, question of the Union, 13, 
238, 316, 330, 336-7 

Jackson, Cyril, 235 note. 

Jackson, Mx., 71 

Jackson, William, 235 and note. 

Jersey, Frances, Countess of, iii, 
112, 113 note, 152 

Jersey, George Child, 5th Earl of, 
184, 187, 217, 310, 317, 320-3 

Jersey, Sarah Sophia Child, Coun- 
tess of, 186, 264, 309, 314-20 

Junot, General Andoche, 71, 87 

Keith, Adm. Viscount, " old 

Keith," 255 
Kemble, John, 16 
Kerrison, Col., 106, 345-6 
King, Sir Richard, 77, 78 
Kinski, Christine, 278 
Knighton, Sir William, 315 and 


Lake, Warwick, 121, 251 
Lambton, William Henry, 5 
Lansdowne, Henry, 3rd Marqtds of, 
314 and note, 316, 322 and note, 

Lauderdale, Jas., 8th Earl of, 282 
Leckie, Mr., 148, 222 
Lefebvre, Gen., 348 
Lefevre family, 238 
Legge, Hon. and Rev. E., 233 
Leigh, Col. George, 121, 216, 250-1, 

279, 346 
Leigh, Hon. Mrs., 234, 251 and 

note, 279 
Leon, Bishop of, 344-5 
Leopold, H.R.H. Prince, 289 and 

Leveson-Gower, Lady Charlotte, 4 

and note. 
Levesons, the Lady, 3 
Lichtenstein, Maurice, 299 
Li even. Count and Countess, 263 
Liverpool, Robert, 2nd Earl of, 308 
Londonderry, Chas., 3rd Marquis 

of, 318 
Long, Miss Tylney, 222 and note. 
Lome, Marquis of, 5, 6, 17 and note, 

see also Duke of Argyll 
" Louisa, little," 20, 24 note, 32 
Lowther, Lord, 316 
Lucan, Richard, 2nd Earl of, 276-7 

Mack, Gen., 46 and note, 50-1 
McMahon, Sir J., letter from, 14 

and note. 
Malmesbury, Jas., ist Earl of, 18 
Manners, Lord Chas., 177 
Manton, Joseph, 240 
March, Chas., Earl of, 296 and note ', 

see also Duke of Richmond. 
Mary, H.R.H. Princess, 30, 48, 49 
Maryborough, Lord and Lady, 320 



Mass^na, Marshal Andr(&, 159, 184 
Maynard, Chas. Viscount, 160 note. 
Mee, Mrs., -zr 
Melville, Henry, ist Viscount, 30 

and note ; 34. I3i. I40, 141-2, 186 
Melville, Robert, 2nd Viscount, 141, 

Methiey, o 

Methuen, Mr.. M.P., 263 
MexborouRh, Eliz., Countess of, 5 ; 

" the little Countess," 8, lo-ii ; 

" the little luminary," 12 
Mexborough, Sarah, Countess of, 10 
Mieuel, Don, of Portugal 332-3 
Milsington, Lord, 302 and note. 
Milton. Chas., Viscount, 188 
Moira, Fras., 2nd Earl of, 27 
Monck, Catherine, see Browne. 
Monck, Elizabeth, see Paget. 
Monck, Lady Elizabeth, 25 note, 

36, 67, T67-8, 267 
Monck, Henry, 36, 168 ; " Paddy 

Monck," 2<^7, 267 
Monsieur, H.R.H. Louis of France, 

57 and note. 
Montagu, Lady Mary, 8 
Montgomery, Alfred, 338 
Montr esor, Lieut., R.N., 91 
Moore, Gen. Sir John, 94 note, 109 

and note ; 347 
Moreau, Gen. Jean- Victor, 18 and 

Mount Charles, Earl of, 312 and 

Mul grave. Earl of, 74, 125, 1 40 

Naples, 334 

Napoleon, Emperor, see Bonaparte. 

Nelson, Horatio, Viscount, 42 ; 

death of, 43, 45 
" Nobbs, old," see King'George HI. 
Norfolk, Charles, Duke of, 14 
Northumberland, Hugh, 3rd Duke 

of, 310 and note. 
Nugent, Gen., 178 

Oatlands, 15, 122, 211, 229 
O'Connell, Daniel, M.P., 324, 330, 

Ogilvy, Cecilia, 6 
O'Grady, Mr., M.P., 301 
Opera, the, " Siege of Belgrade." 

4 ; at Paris, 304 
Orange, Hereditary Prince of, 265 
Oranmore. T-ord, see Browne' 
Osborne, Lord Fras. G., 279 and 

Osterley, 127 
Otway, Adm., 98 

Oxford, Jane, Countess of, 253 and 

Owen, Sir Edw., 313 

Paget, Lady Agnes, 22 note, 66 

Paget, Lord Alfred, 334 

Paget, Hon. Arthur (Sir Arthur), 
X ; the " Captain-General," 2 ; 
reported duel at Vienna, 41 ; and 
Lady Catherine Harris, 17, 21 ; 
attached to Princess Leopoldine 
Esterhazy, 55 ; recalled from 
Vienna, ^6 note ; retires from 
Parliament , 61 ; appointed Am- 
bassador to Turkey, 57 note ; 
returns from Turkey, 73 note ; 
at West Lodge, 136 ; a Ranger of 
Cranbourne Chase, 146 note ; 
birth of his son, 185 ; accident to, 
215; his talent of applying quota- 
tion, 241 ; his diplomatic ex- 
penses, 246 ; his books, 249 ; a 
narrow escape, 259 ; his genero- 
sity to his sister, 260 ; his public 
services, 309 ; his kindness to 
Brummell, 300; his "irresist- 
ible " character, 302 ; living at 
Hamble ClifP, 321 ; his younger 
sons, 322 ; his views on Parlia- 
mentary Reform, 324 ; corre- 
spondence with Lord Holland, 

3 2 7-0 

Paget, Lady Augusta, x; accident 
to, 108; 153, 157, 256, 282, 290, 

Paget, Augustus, 322 and note. 

Paget, Hon. Berkeley Thomas, xi ; 
aide-de-camp to Duke of York, 
15 note ; his marriage, 25 ; has 
to leave Kensington Palace, 27 ; 
at a masquerade, 34 ; joins" his 
regiment, 38 ;'elected member for 
Anglesea, 61 ; ordered to Spain, 
83 ; at the Pavilion, 85 ; his 
" merits," 105, 119 ; and Prince 
of Wales, 122, 125 ; " the inde- 
pendent '^M.P.," 133 note; 136; 
appointed Lord of the Treasury, 
139 ; conversation with the 
Regent, 143-4, 148-9, 186, 198-9. 
204-5 : at Oatlands, 21 1-2 ; 
"Mr. Paget, "215; on the Regent, 
225-6 ; quarrel with Adm.'^Ben- 
tinck, 232-4, 237-9, 242-4 ; his 
" snug dinners," 240-1 ; 247-g, 
259; offered Demerara, 306 
note ; 307 ; his Spanish journal, 

Paget, Caroline, see Lady Bayly. 



Paget, Caroline, d. of Hon. Chas. 

P., birth of, 68, 147, 168, 175 
Paget, Caroline, Lady, x ; 16-17, 22, 

35, 86-7, 107 ; at Stoke, 112, 

113 note, 152 ; see also Duchess 
of Argyll. 

Paget, Lady Caroline, " Car," 172, 
263, 296 and note. 

Paget, Cecil, 323 

Paget, Hon. Charles, Capt. R.N. 
(Vice- Admiral Sir Charles), x ; 
commands the Brilliant, 13 ; 
engaged to Elizabeth Monck, 25 ; 
his wife, 29 ; his prize money, 31 ; 
very ill, 38 ; his recovery, 43 ; 
on death of Nelson, 45 ; in com- 
mand of Egypiienne, 58 ; and 
Cambrian, 64 ; present at the 
capture of Copenhagen, 68 ; com- 
mands Revencre, 84 ; buys Fair 
Oak, 88 ; at Walcheren, 124 ; 
report about, 138 ; illness of his 
daughter, 147 ; on Miss Monck's 
marriage, 167 ; on review of 
Hussars, 192 ; on family finances, 
228 ; on his father's illness, 244 ; 
in command of Superb, 253 ; on 
half pay, 266 ; on Lord Graves, 
290 ; commands the royal yacht, 
297 note ; gold cup presented him 
by the Regent, 296 ; Groom of the 
Bed chamber, 312 note, 332 

Paget, Charlotte, Lady, '' Ly P.," 
192 ; " my lady," 227; see also 
Countess of Uxbridge and Mar- 
chioness of Anglesey. 

Paget, " little Charles," 214, 261-2 

Paget, Lady Charlotte, 29 ; " dear 
Charlotte," 40 ; " Chare," 45 ; 
see also Countess of Enniskillen. 

Paget, Lord Clarence, 192 note, 


Paget, Dorothy, vii 

Paget, Eden, x note. 

Paget, Col. Hon. Edward (Gen. 
Hon. Sir Edward), x ; quartered 
in Ireland, 19 ; " accepted lover 
at Blithfield," 25 ; promoted 
major-general, 28 ; appointed to 
a brigade, 35 ; embarked for 
Continent, 42 ; at Bremen, 53-5 ; 
attached to forces in Sicily, 66 
note ; " a fine fellow," 109 note, 

114 ; loses an arm at the Douro, 
ii6wo/e, 134, 157, igo, 215, 223 ; 
captured by the French, 252 and 
note ; " poor Ned," 255 ; his 
2nd marriage, 273, 280, 283-4, 
293-5 ; " taken in," 306, 307, 

309 and note ; 332 and note ; 
34T note, 344, 346 

Paget, Eleanor. 199 

Paget, Hon. Elizabeth (Mrs. Chas. 
P.), x: "perfectly beautiful," 
29 note ; 31 and note ; her old 
friends, 36; 138, 172, 198, 207; 
her good sense, 255, 267 

Paget, Hon. Frances (ist wife of 
Hon. Edw. P.), x; 25 note; 
" dear little Fanny," 31 ; her 
great mind, 43 ; "a perfect 
heroine," 54 

Paget, Francis, 172 and note. 

Paget, Lord George, 334 

Paget, Lady Georgiana, 172 

Paget, Lady Harriet (2nd wife of 
Hon. Sir Edw. P.), x; 273 
note ; " Ladi Henriette," 280 

Paget, Hon. Henry, 57 ; accident 
to, 86 : see also Henry, Earl of 

Paget, Henry William. Lord, ix, 
his attentions to Duchess of 
Rutland, 5, 7 ; marriage to, for- 
bidden, 9 note ; reconciles the 
Prince of Wales and Duke of 
York, 17 ; his pantaloons, 37 ; 
begs peace may not be made, 49 ; 
sends horses to Sir Arthur, 56 ; 
proposed visit of Monsieur to, 
57 ; political views of, 62-3 ; 
wears a wig, 82 ; commands 
cavalry in Portugal, 91 ; actions 
at Sahagun and Benevente, 102 
note ; 103-6, iii ; on Walcheren 
Expedition, 128-9 ; medal con- 
ferred on, 129 ; conference with 
Prince, 133, 135 ; at Up Park, 
163, 164, 174, 188-9, 191 ; pre- 
sentation of plate to, 192, 201 ; 
on finance, 202-4, 208, 210; 
" Paget," 225, 226-7, 245 ; " Mi 
Lor di Cabell eria," 342, 343, 344, 
346, 349 ; his horses burned, 
351, 353 ; see also Henry Wm., 
Earl of Uxbridge, and Marquis 
of Anglesey. 

Paget, Lady Jane, 172 

Paget, Julia, 262 and noie.1 

Paget, the Ladies, 292 

Paget, Laura, 282 note.^ 

Paget, Leopoldine, 112 and note ; 
114, 152 ; " Oubli," 185 

Paget, Hon. Sophia (^vife of Hon. 
Berkeley P.), xi, " Mrs. B. P.," 
25 ; " brought up with Economy, 
28, 56, 105, 115, 199; "good 
Mrs. Berkeley," 299 



Paget, Stewart Henry, " the 
Baby," 185, 213; " Tooty," 

259, 337 
Paget, Thomas, vii 
Paget, William, ist Baron, vii 
Paget, WiUiam, 5th Baron, vii 
Paget, Hon. William, Capt. R.N., 

X, 2, 5 
Paget, Lord Wilham, 308 
Pakenham fanuly, 230 
Palmerston, Henry, 3rd Viscount, 

Pans, 304-5 

Parker, Sir Peter, Capt. R.N., 267 
Peacocke, Mrs., 67 
Peacocke, Col. Wm., 60 and note ; 

67; " Billy P.," 215, 218 
Peel, Sir Robert, M.P., 315 
Pellew, Adm., 169 
Pembroke, nth Earl of, 288 
Perceval, Right Hon. Spencer, 

M.P., 142 and note. 
Peterborough, Chas., 5th Earl of, 

228 and note, 252-3 
Petty, Lord Henry,; RI.P., 57 ; see 

also Marquis of Lansdowne. 
Pichegru, Gen., 18 
Pierrepont, Hon. Henry Manvers, 

22 and note, 46 and note, 72, 216 
Pindar, Peter, viii 
Pitt, Hon. Lady, 98, 160, 233, 

237 and 7iote. 
Pitt, Gen. Hon. Sir Wm., 97-8 ; 

124 note. 
Pitt, Right Hon. Wm., M.P., 2 ; 
reconciled to Addington, 28, 30 ; 
harassed, 33 ; 56, note. 
Plas Newydd, xii ; 11 8- 19, 214-15, 

223, 332 
Pole, Emily, 264 and note. 
Pole, Hon. Mrs. Wm. Wellesley, 
154,186 note, 264; see also Lady 
Pole, Priscilla, 153-4, ^75 aiid note, 

186; see also Lady Burghersh. 
Pole, William Wellesley, 222 and 

Ponsonby, Major-Gen. Hon. Freder- 
ick, 310 
Popham, Sir Home, 70 
Portmore, Earl of, 302 
Powtoun, see Galloway House. 
Pozzo di Borgo, Monsieur, 240 and 

Princess Royal, H.R.H., 48 and 

Prussia, Frederick Wm. Ill, King 

of, 50. 54 
Purvis, Adm., 81-2, 

Quinn, Mr., M.P., 301 

Rasoumoffski, Monsieur de, 277 

Redesdale, Lord, 317 

Richmond, Charles, 4th Duke of, 

40, 153, 217 
Richmond, 5th Duke of, 321 
Rivers, Geo., 2nd Lord, 117 and 

note, 129, 133, 145, 158-60; 

homme d fantaisie, 163, 191, 202, 

237 and note. 
RoUe, Baron de, 119 
Romana, Gen. Marquis dela, 340-2, 

Rome. 270-1, 331 
Roxburghe, 4th Duke of, 20 
Rumbold, Sir George, 24 and note. 
Rushmore, 130, 158 
Russell family, 112 
Russell, Lady William, 86, 88 
Russell, Lord William, 112 and note. 
Russia, Emperor Alexander of, 

Russia, Emperor Nicholas of, 319 
Rutland, Mary Isabella, Duchess of, 

3 and note ; 5, 7, 9, 217 
Rutland, John Henry, 5th Duke of, 

7-12, 157 and note. 

Sackville, Chas., 2nd Viscount, 183 ; 

see also Duke of Dorset. 
Sahagun, combat at, 103, 344-5 
St. Leger, Jack, 5 
Sanderson, Mr., 125, 192, 225 and 

San Juan, Gen., 343, 344 note. 
Scarborough, Earl and Countess of, 

Scott, T. H., 253 
Sebastiani, Gen., 159 
Sefton, Maria, Countess of, 177 
Sefton, Wm., 2nd Earl of, 85 and 

note ; no note, 177, 311 
Sellis, 133 note. 
Seymour, Mrs., 117 
Seymoiir, Col., 233 note. 
Seymour, Lord George, 232 
Seymour, Lady Horatia, gi 
Shaw Stewart, Sir Michael, 331 
Sheldon, Chas. H., 165, 202, 277, 

284-5, 287-8 
Shelley, Sir John, 177, 187, 290 
Sheridan, Mrs. R. B., 5 
Sheridan, Rt. Hon. Richard B., 

M.P., 183 
Ships: Anson, 77; Brilliant, 13; 

Cambrian, 69, 74-5 ; Canopus, 

■j'z ; Diamond, 29 ; Donegal, 72 ; 

Egyptienne, 58-9 ; Endymion, 28, 



no ; Iris, 130, 136 ; L'lmplac- 
able, 77 ; Malta, 147 ; Pompie, 
76 ; Queen, 72 ; Revenge, 72, 84- 
5. 90, 92-3, 95, 97, 162 ; RevolH- 
tionaire, 75 ; Superb, 147, 253 

Ships: American, 254; Danish, 68, 
138 ; French, 78, 80 ; Portuguese, 
94; Russian, 9, 79, 91 

Siddons, Sarah, 16 

Sinai Park, 102 

Smith, Lady Anne, 122 

Smith, Assheton, 228 note, 298 

Smith, CulUng, 9 

Smith, Jack, 5 

Smythe, Edward, 157 note. 

Somerset, Lord FitzRoy, 264 note, 

Sophia, H.R.H. Princess, 18, 182 

Soult, Marshal, 189, 345 

Spencer, Geo. John, 2nd Earl, 13 
and note, 249 

Stafford, ist Marchioness of, 112 

Stafford, Geo. GranvUle, 2nd Mar- 
quis of, 319 

Staffordshire Militia, ix, 24 note, 31 

Stalbridge Park, xii, 174 

Stanley, Hon. Edw. Geoffrey, M.P., 
335 and note, 336 

Steele, Mr., 330 

Stepney, Herbert, and Mrs., 20 

Stewart, Gen. Hon. Sir Chas. 
(Lord Stewart), 269, 309 ; see also 
Marquis of Londonderry. 

Strachan, Adm. Sir Richard, 45 and 
note ; 78, 80, 98, 123-4, 128 note. 

Stratfieldsaye, 158, 160 note. 

Strathaven, Geo., Lord, 5 and note. 

Surbiton, xii ; 133, 258 

Sussex, see H.R.H. Augustus 
Frederick, Duke of. 

Sydney, Emily, Countess, x 

Symonds, Dr., 23 and note. 

Sweden, Gustavus IV, King of, 47 

Talavera, battle of, 115, note. 

Talbot, Chas., 2nd Earl, 294, 309 

Talleyrand, Prince, 178, 270 

Tatham, Mr., 267 

Taylor, Mr., 71 

Templetown, C, ist Viscount, 8 

Thanet, Sackville, 9th Earl of, 

309 and note. 
Thornborough, Adm., 81 
Tierney, Mr., 142 
Torquay, 103 
Torrens, Sir Henry, 306 

Trafalgar, battle of, 43 note, 44, 45 
Tuyll, Baron, 341 note. 
Twysden, Bishop, 112 note. 
Tyrwhitt, Sir Thos., " Thomas," 

164 ; " old Thomas," 177 ; 

" Thomas," 183, 187. 195, 197. 


Up Park, 103, 162 and note, 163, 
176, 197, 206, 219. 221, 239, 267, 


Upton, Capt. R.N., 339 

Uxbridge, Charlotte, Countess of, 
281 and note, 282 ; see also 
Lady Paget and Marchioness of 

Uxbridge, Henry (Paget), 2nd Earl 
of, vii. 

Uxbridge, Henry (Bayly), ist Earl 
of, vii-ix, xii, 2, 3 ; "an able 
negotiator," 13 ; reqmres a 
trumpeter, 24; "your Father," 
34 ; conduct of GrenvUle and 
Petty to, 57 ; sailing at Plas 
Newydd, 67 ; very unwell, 88, 
104 note; 107, 113 note; yacht- 
ing, 119 ; breaks a rib, 125 ; at 
West Lodge, 145-6 ; " very 
nervous," 157 ; offer of Cran- 
bonrne Chase to, 159 ; " Padre," 
173. 174 ; " my father," 192 ; 
his circumstances, 202-3 ; bored, 
215 ; at Plas Newydd, 215 ; 
" Lord U.," 221 ; " my father," 
224-5, 227 ; " our poor Father," 
243 ; his death, 244 note. 

Uxbridge, Gen. Henry WUHam, 
2nd Earl of, 251-2 ; " Paget," 
in high force, 263 ; created 
G.C.B., 268-9 ; shooting, 269 ; 
280 and note; 281-2, 284; see 
also Lord Paget and Marquis of 

Uxbridge, Henry, Earl of (after- 
wards 2nd Marquis of Anglesey), 
308, 332 ; see also Hon. Henry 

Uxbridge, Jane, Countess of, ix ; 
reports financial troubles, 31 ; 
"in a bustle," 36; on death 
of Nelson, 43 ; on Princess L. 
Esterhazy, 55 ; her anecdote of 
Col. Peacocke, 67 ; pleased with 
Arthur, 107 ; " horrified," 133, 
173, 186 ; agitated, 188 ; " poor 
dear Mama," 194, 214; at Plas 
Newydd, 215; "my mother," 
218; at Surbiton, 258-60; at 
Torrie, 273, 278 ; " my mother," 



280 ; at Bishops Court, 289 ; 
" our good mother," 291 ; in- 
vitation to, from the Queen, 
293 ; failing health of, 295 ; 
death of, 296 
Uxbridge House, xii, xiii, 3, 31, 
77 ; ball at, 292 and note, 332 

Vane, Sir Henry, 1 1 

Venice, 280 

Victor, Marshal, 148, 159 

Vienna, capture of, 47, 48 ; " our 

friends " at, 51, 269, 277 
Vigo, 109 

Villiers, Lady Anne, 5 
Villiers, Lady Caroline, see Lady 

VilUers, Lady Elizabeth, 152 
Villiers, Hon. John Charles, 4, 154, 

ViUiers, Hon. Maria Eleanor, wife 

of, 4 

ViUiers, Viscount, 23 and note, 86 

Vilhers, Viscountess, 23-4, 86 

Vivian, Col., 339, 344, 345 

Voeux, Sir Charles Des, 215 

Walcheren, isle of, 99, 124 

Waldegrave, Lady Elizabeth, 5 

Walter, Edward, viii 

Walter, Peter, vii-viii 

Warde, John, 86 

Warwick, Earl of, 316 

Waterloo, battle of, 280 note, 281 

Wattiers, 177 

Webster, Lady, see Holland. 

WeUesley, Gen. Hon. Sir Arthur, 

115 note, 117 ; see also Duke of 

WeUesley, Lady Charlotte, x; see 

also Lady Paget, Countess of 

Uxbridge, and Marchioness of 

WeUesley, Richard, 240 and note. 
WeUesley, Richard, Marquis, 28, 

125, 142-3 and note ; 247. 337-8 

WeUington, Arthur, Duke of, 280-1, 

294,311-12,315; D. ofW., 318- 

20, 322 note, 335-7 
West Lodge, 115 note; 117, 123, 

146, 203 
Westmorland, Countess of, 186 
Westmorland, John, lOth Earl of, 

115, 153 note, 187 
West, Mr., M.P., 191 
West Drayton, vii 
Whitbread, Samuel, M.P., 64, 142, 

188, 197, 263 
White's Club, 4, 39, 62, 164 
Whitworth, Charles, ist Earl, 294 
WiUiam, H.R.H. Duke of Clarence, 

193, 222 and note, 313-14. 339 
Wmiam Frederick, H.R.H. Prince 

of Gloucester, 8 
Williams, Sir Thos., 90, 168 
WUson, Sir Robert, 315 
Windsor Castle, 32 
Windsor, Royal Lodge, 312 and 

Wirtemberg, Elector of, 50 
Wirtemberg, Prince Paul of, 264-5 
Worcester, Henry, Marquis of, and 

Marchioness of, 4 
Worthing, 85 
Wretham, 16, 42 

Wyndham, Hon. Charles, 17 note. 
Wyndham, Lady Anne, 17 
Wynne, Mr., 314 

Yachts: Anglesey, 304; Liberty, 

265 ; Blue-eyed Maid, 298 ; 

Pearl, 332 ; Lord Uxbridge's, 119 
Yarmouth, Francis Charles, Earl 

of, 149, 177; see also Marquis of 

Young, Adm. Sir WiUiam, 99, 148, 

170 and note. 
York, see H.R.H. Frederica, Duchess 

of York. 
York, see H.R.H. Frederick, Duke 

of York. 
York House, 229, 319 

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