(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The papers of Sir William Johnson"

- 



THE PAPERS OF 
SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON 



Prepared for publication by 
The Division of Archives and History 

JAMES SULLIVAN Ph.D. 
Director and State Historian 



VOLUME I 



ALBANY 

THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK 
1921 



THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK 

Regents of the University 
With years when terms expire 
(Revised to February 15, 1921) 

1926 PLINY T. SEXTON LL.B. LL.D. Chancellor - - Palmyra 

1927 ALBERT VANDER VEER M.D. M.A. Ph.D. LL.D. 

Vice Chancellor Albany 

1922 CHESTER S. LORD M.A. LL.D. ------ Brooklyn 

1924 ADELBERT MOOT LL.D. - - - - - - Buffalo 

1925 CHARLES B. ALEXANDER M.A. LL.B. LL.D. 

Litt.D. ------------ Tuxedo 

1928 WALTER GUEST KELLOGG B.A. LL.D. - - - Ogdensburg 

1932 JAMES BYRNE B.A. LL.B. LL.D. - - - - - New York 

1929 HERBERT L. BRIDGMAN M.A. LL.D. - - - - Brooklyn 
1931 THOMAS J. MANGAN M.A. _--___ Binghamton 

1933 WILLIAM J. WALLIN M.A. -_-___ Yonkers 

1923 WILLIAM BONDY M.A. LL.B. Ph.D. - - - - New York 

1930 WILLIAM P. BAKER B.L. ------- Syracuse 

Acting President of the University and Commissioner of Education 

FRANK B. GILBERT B.A. LL.D. 

Assistant Commissioner and Director of Professional Education 

AUGUSTUS S. DOWNING M.A. Pd.D. L.H.D. LL.D. 

Assistant Commissioner for Secondary Education 

CHARLES F. WHEELOCK B.S. LL.D. 

Assistant Commissioner for Elementary Education 

GEORGE M. WILEY M.A. Pd.D. LL.D. 

Director of State Library 

JAMES I. WYER, JR, M.L.S. Pd.D. 

Director of Science and State Museum 

JOHN M. CLARKE D.Sc. LL.D. 

Chiefs and Directors of Divisions 

Administration, HIRAM C. CASE 

Archives and History, JAMES SULLIVAN, M.A. Ph.D. 

Attendance, JAMES D. SULLIVAN 

Examinations and Inspections, AVERY W. SKINNER B.A. , 

Law, FRANK B. GILBERT B.A. LL.D., Counsel 

Library Extension, WILLIAM R. WATSON B.S. 

Library School, EDNA M. SANDERSON B.A. B.L.S. 

School Buildings and Grounds, FRANK H. WOOD M.A. 

School Libraries, SHERMAN WILLIAMS Pd.D. 

Visual Instruction, ALFRED W. ABRAMS Ph.B. 

Vocational and Extension Education, LEWIS A. WILSON 



CONTENTS 

VOLUME I 

PAGE 

Introduction vii 


History of the manuscripts xiii 

Chronology and itinerary for Sir William Johnson, 1715-1774. . . xvii 
Genealogy of the Johnson family xxxiv 

Explanation of signs, abbreviations, capitalization, punctuation and 
words crossed out xlv 

Facsimiles of important autographs 1, li 

Period of Settlement, 1 73cM 744 1 

King George's War, 1 744-1 748 25 

Period of Peace, 1 749-1 755 220 

Preliminary Campaigns, 1 755 443 

Appendix, 1 746-1 755 , 897 

[iii] 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



Sir William Johnson Frontispiece 

From an engraving by J. C. Buttre in Stone's Life of Johnson made from an oil 
painting in the New York Historical Society which is a copy said to have been made 
of an original in England, in the possession of one of Sir William's great grandsons 
who was a Captain in the Royal Navy. See the prefatory note on the portraits of 
Sir William in volume 2 of the present work. 

PAGE 

Sir Peter Warren 39 

From a print by Ridley in the Naval Chronicle, 1804. A copy is in Clowes, Royal 
Navy, 3:114. 

Letter from George Clinton to Johnson, September 14, 1 747 117 

Thomas Pelham, Duke of Newcastle 141 

From the painting by William Hoare. 

Orders from Johnson to the Albany guards, March 1 2, 1 748 .... 1 45 
Fort Johnson 197 

As it is today. From a photograph. The fortified portions were removed a long 
time ago. 

First floor plan of Fort Johnson 1 99 

The names of the rooms represent their supposed uses. 

La Galissoniere 213 

From a copy at Quebec by Albert Ferland said to be of an original in the pos- 
session of the family in France. Autograph from the Canadian Archives, Ottawa. 

Cadwallader Golden 221 

From an engraving by P. Purden Graham of a painting by Matthew Pratt in the 
Chamber of Commerce, New York City. 

Staircase of Fort Johnson 225 

Letter from Cadwallader Golden to Johnson, May 27, 1 749 229 

Tablet in the hall of Fort Johnson 231 

Dining room of Fort Johnson 24 1 

Living room of Fort Johnson 25 1 

View of Fort Johnson in 1 759 261 

From an engraving by Hulett of a drawing by Guy Johnson, from the Royal Maga- 
ztne for 1759, p. 167. 

Letter from Peter Kalm to Johnson, August 7, 1 750 297 

Latter half of letter. 

William Shirley 447 

From the painting by Thomas Hudson. A copy is in the possession of John 
Ervmg, New York, City 

M 



vi Illustrations 

PACE 

Sir Charles Hardy 529 

From the engraving by H. R. Cook after the painting by George Romney. 



Banning Wentworth 537 

From an engravi 
capitol at Concord, 



From an_ engraving by S. A. Schoff after the painting by J. Blackburne in the 



Thomas Pownall 583 

From the engraving by Earlom after the painting by Cotes. Autograph from a lettei 
in the New York Historical Society. 

Letter from Goldsbrow Banyar to Johnson, June 15, 1 755 593 

Letter from James De Lancey to Johnson, June 15, 1 755 595 

Letter from Johnson to ' Goldsbrow Banyar, June 19, 1 755 613 

Latter half. 

Orders from Johnson to the commander of a regiment, June 21, 

1 755 643 

In Peter Wraxall's hand. 

William Alexander 777 

From a painting said to be by Benjamin West, formerly in the possession of Dr 
Robert Watts, New York City. 



MAP 

Trails, military roads and forts from Albany to Crown Point, 

1 750-1 780 897 

Prepared by R. J. Brown, formerly Warren county engineer, under supervision of 
James A. Holden. 



INTRODUCTION 

The Sir William Johnson manuscripts in the New York State 
Library cover a period from 1 738 to 1 808. From 1 738 to 
1 745 the papers are few in number. This is also true of those 
from 1774 to 1808. As Sir William died in 1774 the few 
papers which we have from that year to 1808 relate to matters 
with which his relatives were connected. 

The importance of this collection for the history of the period 
which it covers can scarcely be overestimated. Johnson in his 
official capacity as Indian agent or as a military officer, and 
in the conduct of his private affairs, corresponded with people in 
all walks of life both in this country and abroad. His papers, 
consisting of letters sent and received, bills, accounts and other 
classes too numerous to specify, form an invaluable source of 
information, not only for the political and military, but also for 
the social, industrial and agricultural history of the times. 

The late Hugh Hastings while Historian of the State of 
New York intended to publish in one volume a few of the most 
important of these papers, but as the work progressed, more and 
more selections were added, so that at the time of his retirement 
from office in 1907, a large part of the manuscripts dated between 
1 738 and 1 762 had been set up in print. Only a comparatively 
few between 1 760 and 1 762 had been included. Those subse- 
quent to 1 762 had not been touched. 

When Mr Hastings's successor, Mr Paltsits, took office in 
1907, he determined, because of certain errata in the proofs, 
to postpone the publication of these papers. In 191 1 the fire 
in the State Capitol, where the manuscripts were stored, rend- 
ered so many of them illegible that it was fortunate that the 
printer's proof for many of them was in existence. 

After the State Archivist, Mr van Laer, had completed the 
arduous task of getting the scorched and water-soaked papers 

[vii] 



viii Introduction 

into condition, Mr J. A. Holden, who was the successor of 
Mr Paltsits as State Historian and also the Chief of the Division 
of History of the State Education Department, began the work 
of comparing the proofs with the manuscripts. 

This work was necessarily slow. The manuscripts had in 
many cases been wholly destroyed, or were almost illegible, if 
not entirely so. Wherever possible, copies were obtained from 
libraries, historical societies and private individuals in this country 
and abroad. These researches brought to light new papers of 
Johnson, and of these copies were obtained and are printed in 
this collection. The location of these is indicated by footnotes. 

In addition to this work numerous illustrations have been 
obtained and Mr Holden made arrangements with Mr Richard 
J. Brown, formerly county engineer and surveyor of Warren 
county, who was thoroughly acquainted with the topography and 
landmarks of the Adirondack region, and with Professor Louis 
Mitchell of the engineering department of Syracuse University, 
to prepare maps showing, as far as might be possible, the military 
roads followed by Sir William Johnson in his campaigns, the 
regions in which he was active and other information of use to 
historians. 

This work had progressed in the manuscripts to approximately 
1755 when Mr Holden retired from office in 1916. It was 
deemed advisable by his successor to go ahead with the publica- 
tion of the material which he had prepared and to add to it 
the publication of the manuscripts from 1 755 to 1 774, the date 
of Johnson's death, and those from 1 774 to 1 808 that were 
in the collection. 

In certain cases where the manuscripts, for which Mr Hastings 
had prepared proofs, have been absolutely destroyed or rend- 
ered undecipherable, and for which no copies can be found in 
this country or abroad for purposes of comparison, it has been 
thought advisable to use the proofs. As the latter are the only 
known copies of the material in existence it is only in this form 
that it can be given to historical scholars. In all such cases a 



Introduction ix 

footnote calls attention to the fact that the manuscript has been 
destroyed and that it has therefore been impossible to verify the 
proof in comparison with the original for the reasons stated. 

This wa* furthermore determined upon because the errata 
found in the proofs that Mr Paltsits compared with the original 
manuscripts were generally those of typography and not of sub- 
stance. That is, they were not errors that altered the meaning 
of the document. In the vast majority of cases it was largely 
a question of capitalization and abbreviation. Johnson and his 
contemporaries in their letters sprinkled capitals through rather 
freely, sometimes even in the middle of a word. Many of these 
Mr Hastings had caused to be changed to lower case and in 
the abbreviations for " the," " which " and other words he had 
printed them as " ye/* " wch," and so on instead of super- 
imposing the " e " and the " ch ". So it may be stated that 
on the whole these proofs, which we use because we can not 
get anything else, represent a very fairly accurate transcript of 
the original so far as substance is concerned. 

In many cases Mr Hastings, following certain ideas of his 
own, had omitted the publication of some of the manuscripts. 
These, for the sake of completeness, we have inserted in their 
proper places. When we have neither copies for them nor the 
originals, we have put in an appropriate title, noted the fact of 
their entire loss and referred to Dr Day's Calendar for a brief 
description of their contents and to any other work where their 
substance can be obtained. Manuscripts which were at one time 
in existence but not found when the Calendar was made are so 
indicated. 

Many of the Johnson papers were published in Dr E. B. 
O'Callaghan's Documents Relative to the Colonial History of 
New York and the Documentary History of New York. 1 
From the point of view of completeness and convenience it would 
seem to be highly desirable to reprint them in this collection, 



1 See the indexes of these works under " Johnson, Sir William " and 
under " Letters from Sir William Johnson " to various persons. 



x Introduction 

but for the most potent reasons of economy we have had to 
content ourselves with inserting a title and referring to them in 
the appropriate place as already printed. In some cases we have 
departed from this rule because of the extreme importance of the 
document, but in a footnote have called attention to the fact 
that the paper may be found printed elsewhere. 

References v/hich are made to the " Colonial " or " Historical 
Manuscripts " are to the collection in the New York State 
Library. Though some of this collection was burned, a good 
deal of it is still intact. The " Council Minutes " manuscripts 
referred to are in the same library. Portions of these were 
burned, but in certain instances proof set up for them may be 
consulted in the State Historian's office. Other references, such 
as " Massachusetts Archives," are a sufficient indication of the 
location of the manuscripts. 

In certain cases footnotes have been used to call to the atten- 
tion of the user of this collection certain information of interest 
which the editors have come across while doing their work. 
No attempt, however, has been made to do this sort of thing 
exhaustively, for we regard such as the work of the students or 
investigators rather than the editors of texts. Were the latter 
to attempt to do this for a collection such as this, the work would 
run into scores of volumes and not be completed in a lifetime. 

The demands of historical scholars are so wide and varied that 
we have deemed it good policy while we were engaged upon the 
work to make it complete. This may seem to some to have 
resulted in the inclusion of much that is of trivial or of no import- 
ance. While this may be true to a certain extent, we felt that 
it was better to err on this side than to put forth an incomplete 
collection from which the investigator would have to turn to 
search in the manuscripts for something which we had omitted 
a search which would frequently involve travel for a long 
distance at great expense. Again bills or accounts which may 
seem unimportant to the general reader or to the historian, whose 



Introduction xi 

- 

oaly interest is in political narrative, are of utmost importance 
to the student of economic history. 

After careful consideration of the various methods which 
might be used in the arrangement of the letters and documents 
of this collection, which has been gathered from so many sources 
and at such widely separated intervals of time, it was decided 
that the least confusing method would be that by which they 
were placed in the order of the dates which appear on them. 
The reader will of course perceive that some of them were not 
received by Johnson until long after they were written and that 
letters or documents immediately preceding or following must 
be read with this fact in mind. Letters or documents which have 
been begun under one date and continued on subsequent dates 
have been arranged according to the first date, except where 
under certain conditions they have come to the attention of the 
editors very late and have had to be inserted according to the 
last date thereon appearing. 

Letters not signed and not carrying footnotes or captions indi- 
cating otherwise are from Johnson. Those bearing the caption 
" From " with a name following are addressed to Johnson unless 
otherwise indicated. 

Anyone using this collection will find the use of Dr Richard 
E. Day's Calendar of the Sir William Johnson Manuscripts 
published by the New York State Library in 1 909 indispensable. 
For the scholar or even casual student interested in Johnson it 
is scarcely necessary to enumerate the biographies or other works 
treating of his career. Any bibliography of American or New 
York State history will afford more information than we can 
take the space for. Lives by Stone, Griffis and Buell may be 
used as starting points 

Preceding the body of the work there are placed a " History 
of the Manuscripts " by Wilmer R. Leech, an " Itinerary for 
Sir William Johnson " ( 1 71 5-74) by Dr Richard E. Day and a 
" Genealogy of the Johnson Family " by James A. Holden, 



xii Introduction 

without the labors of all of whom this work could not have 
appeared for several years to come. 

The first three volumes which are to appear now cover from 
1 738 to 1 762. Other volumes covering the period from 1 763 
to 1774, and even later, will be prepared and published as 
rapidly as funds are made available. 

JAMES SULLIVAN 
Director, Division of Archives 

and History, and State Historian 



HISTORY OF THE MANUSCRIPTS 

Prior to March 29, 191 1, when the fire in the State Capitol 
destroyed a large portion of the New York State Library, there 
were in the collection of Johnson papers about 6550 pieces 
contained in 26 volumes. 1 The documents were mounted on 
large sheets and bound in bulky folio volumes. No attempt had 
been made to repair the manuscripts generally, but in exceptional 
cases tissue paper had been pasted to protect the frail pieces. 

The first index to this collection was authorized by a joint 
resolution of the Legislature, April 5, 1856. It was completed 
in 1866, the result of the combined work of Daniel Johnson 
Pratt, assistant secretary of the Board of Regents, and Dr 
Henry Augustus Homes, State Librarian. 2 This list was in 
manuscript and was bound into a volume in 1870. 3 The 
calendar made available for the first time the mass of material 
of such vital interest to the colonial history of North America. 

The first calendar to be printed was prepared by Dr Richard 
E. Day, 4 which contains the only record in existence of many 
of the papers which were destroyed by the fire. 

The Johnson manuscripts in the state archives were collected 
from the following sources : 

In April 1801, seven bundles of Johnson papers, with a list 
of contents of each bundle, were deposited with the Secretary 
of State. 5 These are mentioned by John Van Ness Yates, who 



1 Calendar of Johnson Manuscripts, Day. 

2 Report of State Library, 1 866, p. 7. 

3 Annotated List of Mss. N. Y. State Library (Albany 1889) p. 212. 
'Calendar of Sir William Johnson Mss. in N. Y. State Library by 

R. E. Day (Albany 1909). 

5 Doc. Hist, of State of N. Y., O'Callaghan, 2:1008. Here is 
also given a list of the manuscripts missing from the collection in 1849. 
With the exception of Journals of Indian proceedings and the missing 
manuscripts, these papers are printed, Doc. Hist, of N. Y. t idem. 

[xiii] 



xiv History of the Manuscripts 

as Secretary of State prepared a manuscript volume in 1818 
entitled Annalium Thesaurus. Yates informs us that there were 
" three large packets in this office containing Sir William John- 
son's papers," and further adds that ** from the prominent & 
responsible station he held under the Colonial Government, from 
his frequent agency in the management of treaties with the 
Indians, his papers were distinguished from many others by their 
importance and value." 1 

No Johnson manuscripts were acquired by the State Library 
until 1850, when the largest number of pieces, which were 
greatest in importance to the entire collection, were presented to 
the State Library by John Tayler Cooper, 2 who had inherited 
them from his grandfather, John Tayler, the patriot. When the 
effects of Sir John Johnson were confiscated and sold during the 
Revolution, these papers, with other property, were purchased 
at auction by Tayler. The state archives contain no record of 
the sale. 3 This collection with some of those papers deposited 
with the Secretary of State in 1801, was mounted and bound 
into 22 volumes under the direction of Dr O'Callaghan during 
the years 1850-55. 

In 1863 the Legislature appropriated the sum of $750 for 
the use of the trustees of the State Library " to be expended 
for the purchase of manuscripts and correspondence of Sir 
William Johnson and others, to be deposited and preserved in 
the State Library." 4 This referred to a collection then in the 



p. 5451007. A careful examination of the dates of the manuscripts 
listed by O'Callaghan as missing in 1 849 has led the editors to believe 
that many of those so enumerated were thought to be missing because some 
copyist got the dates wrong. This matter is covered in the introduction 
to volume II of these Papers. 

1 See also Catalog of Records of Office of Secretary of State, January 
1820, in Journal of Senate, 43d session (Albany 1820) p. 40. 

2 Report of Trustees of State Library, January 15, 1850, p. 7. 

8 For purchase of other property, see Life of Johnson, Stone, 2; 507; 
also- New York in the Revolution, 2:250. 
4 Laws of 1863, chap. 210, p. 379. 



History of the Manuscripts xv 

possession of William L. Stone, jr, who had had it since 
the death of his father. After years of search, William L. 
Stone, sr, '* procured from the Johnson family in England, and 
from various other sources, a large portion of Sir William's 
manuscripts." 1 This collection did not prove so full as was 
expected by the trustees of the Library and only $500 was paid 
for it. It was, however, a valuable complement to the Johnson 
papers already in the State Library. 2 When mounted and 
bound, this addition made up what was known as volumes 23, 
24 and 25, and covered about the same period as those in the 
22 preceding volumes. 

In 1866 some manuscripts were purchased by the State 
Library from Henry Stevens, who had obtained them at a sale 
of public record papers in London. They were chiefly docu- 
ments relating to the disbursements of the Indian department 
under the superintendency of Sir William and later under Guy 
Johnson. Many were warrants with annexed accounts which 
had been sent to the commander in chief at New York. This 
purchase composed what was known as volume 26, the last 
volume of the series. 3 

These volumes did not include Wraxall's " Abridgment of the 
Records of Indian Affairs, 1678-1 751 ," one volume; " Records 
of the Indian Agency, 1757-59," one volume; " Prideaux and 
Johnson Orderly Book Siege of Fort Niagara, 1 759," one 
volume; and " Diary of Sir William Johnson, 1759 and 1761," 
one volume, all of which perished in the fire of 191 1 , though all 
but the second are represented by copies. 

The condition of the 26 volumes which constituted the main 
collection of Johnson manuscripts in the State Library has been 
thus described: 'Ten volumes are in fair condition, twelve 
volumes are in very poor or fragmentary shape and four 



1 Life of Johnson, Stone, p. VI. 

2 Report of the State Library, 1 864, p. 6. 

8 Calendar of Johnson Manuscripts, Day, p. 6. 



xvi History of the Manuscripts 

volumes are wanting." 1 Unfortunately, however, some of the 
volumes listed as in " fair " condition are really in " poor " 
condition, and the others are not in shape even to be used for 
reference. Except for such as are here presented, the Johnson 
papers in this country may be said to have practically perished. 2 
In trying to replace some of the lost material by obtaining 
copies of such of it as existed in this country and abroad new 
papers were discovered and added to the collection either in 
manuscript or photostat iorm. 



1 Report of the Education Department, 1912, p. 1002. 

2 Day, Calendar, p. 6; Journal of the New York Assembly, 23d 
Session (1800) p. 203-4. 



CHRONOLOGY AND ITINERARY FOR SIR 
WILLIAM JOHNSON, 1715-1774 

1715 Born in Smithtown, County Meath, 

Ireland. 

1737? Came to Boston. 

1 738 Came to Warrensburg (Warrensbush, 

south of the Mohawk river). 
1739 (Apr.?) Bought land north of the Mohawk 

river. 

Married Catharine Weissenburg(?) 
1 742 or 1 743 Moved north of the Mohawk river and 

built a house at Mount Johnson. 
1 745 Apr. Made a justice of the peace. 

1 746 Apr. 9 (about) Selected to supply the Oswego garrison. 
Aug. 8 Attended an Indian council at Albany. 

Aug. 27 Authorized to supply Indian war 

parties. 

Aug. 28 Appointed colonel of the warriors of 

the Six Nations and of white 
volunteers. 

Nov. 20 (about) In New York City. 
1 747 Apr. 3 Sent a war party to Crown Point. 

Apr. 25 Addressed Indian delegations. 

July 2 Ordered to build a fort at Canajoharie. 

July 16 Attended a conference at Albany 

between Governor Clinton and 
Mohawks. 

Aug. 19 At Albany. 

Aug. 28 Led an expedition from Mount John- 

son toward Crown Point. 

Sept. 10 (about) Returned to Mount Johnson. 

[xvii] 



xviii Chronology and Itinerary, f 715- f 774 

1747 Sept. 18 At Albany. 

Sept. 19 Left for New York City. 

Oct. 3, 6, 9 Examined by the provincial council. 1 

Oct. 13 Examined by Cadwallader Golden on 

the liquor traffic in the Mohawk 

country. 
Oct. 20 (about) At Albany. 

1748 Feb. 17 In New York City. 

Feb. 18 Made colonel of fourteen companies 

of militia (foot). 

Mar. 12 At Albany. 

Mar. 1 5 At Mount Johnson. 

Mar. 20 Met the two Mohawk Castles. 

Apr. 4-9 At Albany. 

Apr. 1 1 Left Mount Johnson for Onondaga. 

Apr. 24-26 Held a council at Onondaga. 

May 1 1 Returned to Mount Johnson. 

June 1 1 At Albany. 

July 23-27 Attended a council at Albany. 
Aug. 3 1 -Sept. 1 6 At Albany. 

Nov. 8 In New York City. 

1 749 (Apr.?) Building a stone house at Mount John- 

son (later called Fort Johnson). 
July (12?) In New York City. 

Aug. 2 Governor Clinton ordered delivery to 

him of all papers of the department 

of Indian affairs. 
Aug. 19 In Albany. 

Nov. 22 In New York City. 

1 750 Jan. Moves into his new stone house. 



1 In cases like this where the name of the place is not given it is 
understood to be at the place last mentioned in the items immediately 
preceding. 



Chronology and Itinerary, 1715-1774 xix 

1750 Feb. 2 Met the two Mohawk Castles at 

Mount Johnson. 
(July?) Entertained Professor Peter Kalm, the 

Swedish naturalist. 
Dec. 4 (about) Conferred with Mohawk chiefs. 

1751 Apr. 24 Petitioned for a license to purchase 

1 30,000 acres on the Charlotte river. 
May 16 Petitioned for a license to purchase 

Onondaga lake and adjoining land. 
June (18?) In New York City. 

July 5 Resigned the office of Indian agent at 

a conference between the Governor 

and Indians at Albany. 
July 1 Sworn in as a member of the provincial 

council. 

1752 May 8 In New York City. 
Nov. 5 In New York City. 

1 753 May 25 Entertained Gideon Hawley at Mount 

Johnson. 
June 12-16 Attended a conference with Mohawks 

in New York City. 

June 15-23 Attended the provincial council. 

June 29-July 2 Attended the provincial council at 

Jamaica, L. I. 

July 2627 Met the Mohawks at Mount Johnson. 

Aug. 11-14 Entertained Conrad Weiser. 

Sept. 8-10 Held a conference with the Six Nations 

at Onondaga. 

Sept. 12 (about) Visited Oswego. 
Sept. 21 Returned to Mount Johnson. 

Oct. 3 1 Bought one-sixth of the Stevens Patent 

of Governor Clinton. 

1754 Feb. 18 Attended the provincial council in 

New York City. 



xx Chronology and Itinerary, 1715-1774 

1754 June 6 Issued orders at Mount Johnson to 

militia to be ready to repel threatened 

French attack. 
June 1 9-July 1 1 Took part in the congress of seven 

colonies at Albany. 
Aug. 30 Issued orders at Mount Johnson to 

Schenectady militia to guard the 

town. 

1755 Feb. 7 Met Mohawks and Canajoharies. 
Feb. (19?) Reached New York City. 

Feb. 24 Nominated by Governor Shirley for 

commander of a Crown Point 
expedition. 

Feb. 28 Attended the provincial council. 

Mar. 12 Attended the provincial council. 

Mar. 18 or 19 Left New York City. 

Apr. 7 Set out from Mount Johnson for Alex- 

andria, Va. 

Apr. .14 Made at Alexandria superintendent of 

Indian affairs and commander of 
the Crown Point expedition. 

Apr. 15 Commissioned by General Braddock. 

Apr. 16 Commissioned major general by Gov- 

ernors Shirley and DeLancey. 

Apr. 23-May 5 In New York City. 

May 8 At Albany. 

May 10 At Mount Johnson. 

May 12 Conferred with Onondagas. 

May 1516 Conferred with Mohawks. 

May 24-29 In Albany. 

June 5 Held a conference at the Canajoharie 

Castle. 

June 9 Met Caghnawagas at Albany. 

7 June 1 5 Met Mohawks at Mount Johnson. 

June 21 -July 4 Held a conference with nine Indian 
nations. 



Chronology and Itinerary, 171 5-1774 xxi 

1755 July 8-Aug. 9 At Albany. 

July 1 7, 27 Ordered General Phineas Lyman to 

march to the Great Carrying Place 
(near Lake George). 

Aug. 9 Set out for the Great Carrying Place. 

Aug. 14 Arrived at the Great Carrying Place. 

Aug. 15 His council of war asked a reinforce- 

ment of 1000 men from Massachu- 
. . setts and Connecticut. 

Aug. 18 The building of a fort at the 

Carrying Place determined on. 

Aug. 26 Left the Great Carrying Place. 

Aug. 28 Arrived at Lake Saint Sacrement. 

Sept. 1 Announced that the lake had been 

named Lake George. 

Sept. 3 Complained to the lords of trade of 

Governor Shirley's interference. 
Announced that a fort was being built 
at the lake. 

Sept. 8 Fought the battle of Lake George. 

Sept. 21 Named the fort at the Carrying Place 

Fort Edward. 

Sept. 29 Issued orders for building a new fort at 

Lake George. 

Nov. 8 Gave the name William Henry to the 

fort at Lake George. 

Nov. 9 Offered resignation of his military 

command to Governor Shirley. 

Nov. 1 5 His resignation declined. 

Nov. 22 Advised by a council of war not to pro- 

ceed against the enemy. 

Nov. 27 The dignity of baronet conferred on 

him. 
Left Lake George. 

Nov. 28 Left Fort Edward. 

Vol. I ii 



xxii Chronology and Itinerary, 1715-1774 

1 755 Nov. 30 At Stillwater. 
Dec. 1 Arrived at Albany. 

Dec. 2 Resigned his command in a letter to 

the governors. 
V Dec. 4 Held a conference with Indians and 

left Albany. 

Dec. 6 At Fort Johnson. 

Dec. 8 Held a conference with Indians. 

Dec. 23 At Albany. 

Dec. 24 Left Albany. 

Dec. 30 Reached New York City amid public 

rejoicings. 

1 756 Jan. 3 Declined Shirley's commission for 

Indian affairs. 

Jan. 9 Attended the provincial council. 

Jan. 1 7 Asked a special royal commission. 

Jan. (21 ?) Left New York City. 

Jan. 27-30 At Albany. 

Feb. 1 The bestowal of his title known in 

Albany. 
Feb. 228 Held conferences with Indians at Fort 

Johnson. 
Feb. 17 Commission as colonel, sole agent and 

superintendent of the Six Nations 

and other northern Indians given. 
Mar 5-May 26 Held conferences with Indians. 
Mar. 15 At Albany. 

Mar. 1 7 At the German Flats. 

Mar. (19?) At Fort Johnson. 

Mar. (26?) Left Fort Johnson with militia. 

Mar. (28?) At Fort Williams. 

Apr. ( 1 ?) At Fort Johnson. 

Apr. 7 In conference with Mohawks. 

Apr. 1 6 Left Fort Johnson. 

Apr. 18 At the German Flats. 



Chronology and Itinerary, 171 5-1774 xxiii 

- 

1756 Apr. 21 At Fort Johnson. 

May 5 Marched to German Flats (?) 

June 3 Set out for Onondaga from Fort 

Johnson. 

June 14-15 Had meetings at Oneida with Indians. 

June 1 8 Reached Onondaga. 

June 1 9-July 2 Conducted a council. 
July 3 Left Onondaga. 

July 7 Returned to Fort Johnson. 

July 9-12 Conferred with Indians. 

July 17-19 At Albany. 

July 19 Attended a meeting of British officers 

and Indians. 
July 22-Aug. 1 7 Had meetings with Indians at Fort 

Johnson. 

Aug. 19-20 At Albany. 

Aug. 20-23 Marched to the German Flats. 

Aug. 22 At Canajoharie. 

Aug. 24-Sept. 3 Had meetings with Indians at the Ger- 
man Flats. 

Sept. (3?) Left the German Flats. 

Sept. 9-17 Had meetings with Indians at Fort 

Johnson. 
* Oct. 1 7 Marched with an Indian party to join 

the army at Fort Edward. 
Nov. 2 Returned from Fort Edward to Fort 

Johnson. 
Nov. 6 Met Lord Loudoun and Edmund 

Atkin at Albany. 
Nov. 1 7-23 Had conferences with the Six Nations 

at Fort Johnson. 
Nov. 24 Sent George Croghan on a mission to 

Pennsylvania Indians. 

1757 Mar. 21 Marched to relieve Fort William 

Henry. 



xxiv Chronology and Itinerary, 171 5-1774 

1757 Mar. 24-26 At Fort Edward. 
Mar. 27-30 At Fort Johnson. 
Apr. (l?)-9 At Burnets Field. 

Apr. 1 423 Had Conferences at Fort Johnson with 
Susquehanna Indians. 

May 1 3 Sent Indian scouts to Lake Champlain. 

June 10-20 Conferred with the Six Nations. 

July 31 Met Cherokee deputies. 

Aug. 6-17 At Fort Edward with militia. 

Aug. 20 Left Albany for Fort Johnson. 

Aug. 31 -Sept. 8 In Albany. 

Sept 12-20 Had meetings with Indians at Fort 
Johnson. 

Sept. 25-Oct. 4 At Albany. 

1758 Mar. Marched to German Flats. 
Mar. 25 . Met Senecas at Fort Johnson. 
Apr. 12 Met Stockbridge Indians. 
Apr. 15-17 At Canajoharie. 

Apr. 26 Received at Fort Johnson an invitation 

to attend the Onondaga conference. 

May 4-13 At Canajoharie. 

May 1 3 At Fort Johnson. 

May 20 At Albany. 

June 4-7 At Albany. * 

June 29 Left Fort Johnson for Lake George. 

July 6 At Fort Edward. 

July 8-9 At Ticonderoga with 440 Indians. 

July 21 Sent a message to the Delawares on 

the Ohio. 

July 22-Aug. 1 Framed at Fort Johnson a peace treaty 
between the Six Nations and south- 
ern Indians. 

Aug. 3 (about) At the German Flats. 

Nov. 10 At Albany. 

Nov. 18 At Fort Johnson in conference with 

Indians. 



Chronology and Itinerary, 1715-1774 



XXV 



1759 Jan. 18-19 
Feb. 5-6 

Feb. 12 
Apr. 4-22 

May 4 
May 16 

May 17 



June 21 

June 23 

June 24-25 

June 26 

June 27-30 

July 1 

July 2-3 

July 4 

July 5 

July 7-Aug. 4 

July 20 

July 24 

July 25 

Aug. 7-Sept. 3 

Sept. 3 

Sept. 4-Oct. 14 

Oct. 20 (about) 

Dec, 2 

Dec. 13 



1760 Feb. 13-14 



At Canajoharie in conference with 
Mohawks and Senecas. 

At Fort Johnson in conference with 
Cayugas and Mohawks. 

Met Mohawks at Canajoharie. 

Conferred with Six Nations at Cana- 
joharie. 

Met General Amherst at Schenectady. 

At Albany. 

At Fort Johnson. 

Recommended the reduction of Nia- 
gara to the lords of trade. 

At Oneida lake with the army. 

At Three Rivers. 

At Great Falls. 

At Oswego Falls. 

At Oswego. 

At Osenodus (Sodus). 

At Nidenindequeat (Irondequoit). 

At Prideaux bay. 

At Johnson's creek. 

At Niagara. 

Succeeded General Prideaux. 

Defeated a French and Indian force. 

Fort Niagara surrendered to him. 

At Oswego. 

At Little Sodus. 

At Oswego. 

At Fort Johnson. 

Met General Amherst at Albany. 

The king's order to inquire into the 
Delawares' complaints transmitted 
to him. 

Met deputies from the Six Nations at 
Fort Johnson. 



xxvi Chronology and Itinerary, 1715-1774 

\ 760 Mar. 20 Met Lower Mohawks. 

May 3 At Canajoharie. 

July 23 Joined General Amherst at Oswego 

with Indian contingent. 
Aug. 1 Left Oswego. 

Aug. 25 At the taking of Fort Levis. 

Aug. (25?) Entered into negotiations with nine 

nations of Canada. 

Sept. 1 Visited Asquesaskua. 

Sept. 6 Reached Longueuil. 

Sept. 8 At Montreal. 

Oct. 10 At Albany. 

Oct. 1 1 At Fort Johnson. 

1761 Jan. 6 Applied for a patent for Canajoharie 

land. 

Feb. 1 7 At Canajoharie Castle. 

Mar. 1 1 Commissioned superintendent of Indian 

affairs by George III. 

Mar. 15 Met the Mohawks at Fort Johnson. 

Mar. 28 Gave 50 acres of land to the Johns- 

town church. 

July 1 Met Mohawks at Fort Johnson. 

July 5 Set out for Detroit. 

July 6-7 At the German Flats. 

July 8 At Oriske fields. 

July 9-11 At Fort Stanwix. 

July 1 1 At Fort Bull. 

July 13 At Canada creek. 

July 1 5 At the Royal blockhouse. 

July 16 Conferred with Oneidas near the Old 

Castle. 

July 16-17 At Fort Brewerton. 

July 1 7 At Three Rivers. 

July 18 At Oswego Falls. 

July 19-21 At Oswego; had conferences with 

Indians. 



Chronology and Itinerary, 171 5-1774 



xxvn 




Mar. before the 

30th 
Apr. 21-28 

May 21 
May 23 
May 24 



At Fort Niagara. 

Met Chippewas. 

Met Wyandots. 

Met Senecas. 

Met Senecas. 

At Little Niagara. 

At Niagara Falls. 

Embarked at Little Niagara. 

At Detroit. 

Met Ottawas. 

In conference with several nations. 

At Huron Castle. 

At Cedar Point (Ohio). 

At Sandusky carrying place. 

At Presque Isle (Erie). 

At Little Niagara. 

At Fort Niagara. 

At Prideaux bay. 

At Oswego. 

At Oswego Falls. 

At Fort Brewerton. 

At the Royal blockhouse. 

At Fort Stanwix. 

At Fort Schuyler. 

At Canajoharie. 

Reached Fort Johnson. 

Met Canajoharies and other Indians 

Visited by Onondagas, Oneidas, Tus- 

caroras and Mohawks. 
Removed to Johnson Hall (later 

Johnstown). 
In conference with the Six Nations at 

Johnson Hall. 
At Albany. 
At the German Flats. 
At Fort Johnson or Johnson Hall. 



xxviii Chronology and Itinerary, 171 5-1774 

1 762 June 1 3 Arrived at Easton, Pa. 

June 1828 Examined accusations of Delawares 

against proprietaries. 

July 3-13 In New York City. 

July 7 Attended the provincial council. 

July At Johnson Hall. 

July 3 1 Ordered troops to the German Flats. 

Aug. 1 At Canajoharie. 

Aug. 4 At Johnson Hall. 

Nov. 24 At Canajoharie, met Indians. 

1 763 Mar. 1 At Canajoharie, in proceedings touch- 

ing Indian lands. 

Mar. 23 At Fort Johnson, considered Mohawk 

claims. 

Mar. 25 At Johnson Hall, met Mohawks. 

Apr. 3 Concluded a treaty of peace with 

Senecas. 

Apr. 4, 18 Sought through the lords of trade a 

patent to Canajoharie land. 

May 1 7 Wrote to Governor Fitch of Connecti- 

cut, opposing Wyoming settlement. 

May 21 Visited by 139 sachems and warriors. 

May 26-27 Conferred with the Six Nations. 

July 15 (about) Held a council with Indians at the 
German Flats. 

Sept. 714 Held a council with Indians at John- 

son Hall. 

Nov. 18 Advocated the establishment of a 

boundary between settlers and 
Indians. 

1764 Jan. 20 Advised the abolition of Jesuit missions. 
Feb. 9 Sent a war party against Canestio. 
Apr. 3 Framed a preliminary treaty with 

Senecas. 

Apr. 28 Sent an Indian party to cooperate with 

Colonel Bradstreet. 



Chronology and Itinerary, 1715-1774 xxix 

176^ June 18 At the German Flats. 

June 26-July 3 At Oswego. 
July 8-Aug. 6 At Niagara. 
July 9 Met Ottawas of Michilimackinac. 

/July 1 Met Onondagas and other Indians. 

July 1 1 Met Ottawas, Chippewas and other 

Indians. 
July 12 Conferred with the Six Nations and 

western Indians. 
\/july 13-14 Met Ottawas, Chippewas and Nipis- 

sings. 
July 17-18 Made a treaty with Hurons living near 

Detroit. 

July 17 Met Menominees. 

Aug. 1 Met Chenussios. 

Aug. 6 Concluded a treaty with Chenussios, 

who made an important cession. 
Sailed for Oswego. 

Aug. 1 9 Reached Johnson Hall. 

Sept. 20 Received a protest from Mohawks con- 

cerning the Kayaderosseras tract. 
Dec. 11, 18 Denounced opposition to taxation of 

the colonies. 
1 765 Apr. 29-May 22 Had conferences with the Six Nations 

and Delawares. 
May 15 George Croghan set out by his orders 

for the Illinois country. 

July 4-14 Had conferences with Ohio Indians. 

Sept. 10, 12, 13, 

1 7, 1 8, 28, 30 Upheld the stamp act. 
Oct. 9 Upheld royal prerogative. 

Nov. 6, 22, 27, 

29 Censured republican excesses. 

1 766 Jan. 8, 23, 30 Sustained the British connection. 

May Addressed a memorial to the king re- 

citing his services, losses and claims. 



XXX 



Chronology and Itinerary, 171 5-1774 



1766 May 23 



July 10 



July 14 
July 23-31 

Aug. 5 
Aug. 23 



Sept. 1 

Oct. 4 (about) 

1767 Mar. 

May 10 (about) 

May 15 (about) 
June 26 

Aug. 21 (about) 
Sept. 4 

Sept. 22 (about) 
Oct. before the 

20th 
Dec. 29 

1768 (Feb.? 22) 

V Mar. 4-12 

Apr. 24 
Apr. 25 
May 15 



Constituted Worshipful Master of St 

Patrick's Lodge F. & A. M. No. 4 

by George Harrison, provincial 

grand master. 
Commended to the British government 

the scheme to colonize the Illinois 

country. 

At the German Flats. 
At Oswego, holding a congress with 

Pontiac and other western chiefs. 
Reached Johnson Hall. 
Installed as master of St Patrick's 

Lodge, organized at Johnson Hall, 

its meeting place. 
Signed by-laws of the lodge. 
Purchased 40,000 acres of land of the 

Oneidas. 

Invited the Six Nations to a meeting. 
Held a congress with the Six Nations 

at the German Flats. 
At Fort Johnson. 
The lords of trade approved his Cana- 

joharie grant. 

Set out for the Saratoga springs. 
At Johnson Hall. 
Set out for the Onondaga country. 

At Johnson Hall. 

Received Cherokee deputies. 

Made brigadier general of militia of the 

northern district. 
Held a congress with the Six Nations, 

Canadian Indians and Cherokees. 
Set out for New London. 
At Schenectady. 
At New London. 



Chronology and Itinerary, 1715-1774 



XXXI 



1768 June 15 

July before the 

20th 

Aug. 5 (about) 

Sept. 9 

Sept. 15 

Sept. 19 

Sept. 30 



Oct. 24-Nov. 5 

Nov. 6 
Nov. 9 
1769 Jan. 3 



'Apr. 12 



May 4 



June 

June 26 
July 10 
July 12 
July 

Aug. 7 
Dec. 27 



At Fishers island. 

Returned to Johnson Hall. 

Settled the Kayaderosseras dispute. 

To oppose extension of Pennsylvania 

northward of 43d degree. 
Left Johnson Hall. 
Reached Fort Stanwix. 
Adjusted the boundaries between the 

Mohawks and the Stockbridge 

Indians. 

Established a boundary between In- 
dian lands and white settlements. 
Left Fort Stanwix. 
Reached Johnson Hall. 
Accepted an election to the American 

Philosophical Society. 
By dispensation at Johnson Hall raised 

to the Sublime Degree of Perfection, 

Scottish Rite. 
Announced that he had been elected 

master of Ineffable Lodge A. A. 

S. R. of Albany. 
The Canajoharie grant confirmed to 

him. 

Set out on a tour of the Indian country. 
Reached Onondaga. 
Held a congress. 
Met Cayugas, at Cayuga. 
Met Senecas, at Seneca. 
Returned to Johnson Hall. 
St Patrick's Lodge and Ineffable 

A.. A. S. R. went to church, St 

John's Day, Johnson and Dr 

Stringer accompanying as the two 

grand inspectors. 



XXX11 



Chronology and Itinerary, 171 5-1774 



1770 Mar. 20 
Mar. 22 
Mar. 23 
May 8 
June 17 

July 15 
July 16-23 



July 23 
Dec. 6 



1771 Feb. 
July 4 
July 14-19 
Nov. 18 



1772 Jan. 29 

July 14-30 
July 28-Aug. 1 

July 29 
-< (Aug.?) 

Oct. 20 (about) 



Made trustee of Queen's (now Rut- 
gers) College. 

Attempted to obtain the release of 
Indian goods by the Sons of Liberty. 

Suggested a department for forest 
preservation. 

His Indian deed of 1751 on the Char- 
lotte river confirmed. 

Gave a chapel to the Indians at Cana- 
joharie. 

Set out for the German Flats.. 

Held a congress with the Six Nations, 
Canadian Indians and Cherokees at 
the German Flats. 

Returned to Johnson Hall. 

Declined reelection as master of St 
Patrick's Lodge and was succeeded 
by Guy Johnson. 

Prepared to build a new church at 
Johnstown. 

Favored the creation of an American 
bishop. 

Held a conference with the Six Na- 
tions at Johnson Hall. 

Promised encouragement of an acad- 
emy at Schenectady. 

Divided the proposed Tryon county 
into five districts. 

Visited by Governor Tryon. 

Held a congress with the Canajoharie 
and other Indians at Johnson Hall. 

The provincial council met at Johnson 
Hall.. 

Made major general of the northern 
department. 

Held a congress with the Six Nations. 



Chronology and Itinerary, 1 715-1 774 xxxiii 

1 773 Feb. 1 1 Attended for the last time a meeting 

at St Patrick's Lodge. 

Apr. 7-1 Held a congress with the Six Nations. 

July-Aug. At New London and on Long Island. 

Nov. Made a treaty with the Six Nations 

at Johnson Hall. 

Dec. 20 Present at proceedings of the Mohawks 

and a committee of the corporation 
of Albany at the Lower Castle. 

Dec. 21-22 At Johnson Hall, attending proceed- 

ings of Mohawks and the Albany 
committee. 
1 774 Jan. 27 Made his last will. 

Apr. 17 Recommended Guy Johnson to the 

Earl of Dartmouth for his successor. 

Apr. 15-28 In proceedings with the Six Nations. 

May 18-21 Entertained Robert Hare, of Phila- 

delphia. 

May 27 Condemned in a letter " the refractory 

Boston people/* 

June 19 Visited by Onondagas. 

July 8-1 1 Held a congress with the Six Nations. 

July 1 1 , Died. 

July 1 3 Buried at Johnstown. 



GENEALOGY OF THE JOHNSON FAMILY 

This genealogy is based upon the study by the late Major 
General J. Watts De Peyster which appeared originally in 
The Orderly Bool? of Sir John Johnson,* edited and pub- 
lished by the late William L. Stone, the leading biographer 
of Sir William Johnson. For his authorities, General De Peyster 
relied chiefly on information furnished him by the then baronet, 
Sir William George Johnson, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage 
of Creat Britain, Sabine's Loyalists of the American Revolu- 
tion and Stone's Life and Times of Sir William Johnson. 

For obvious reasons the editors of this work have been unable 
to verify all of these data, as this would have involved a visit to 
England and Ireland, an examination of parish records at home 
and abroad, and an inspection of family papers. 

They have had to rely therefore upon a comparison with the 
latest Burke's Peerage, and such other sources as were at their 
command. They have been fortunate, too, in having the matter 
looked over by the present baronet, Sir Gordon Johnson of 
Montreal, Canada. 

To this study have been added data procured from correspon~ 
dence with the family and others, and from modern works on 
the peerage in the New York State Library, which bring the 
sketch down to date, so far as we now know. 

The lineage of Sir William Johnson is as follows: Thomas 
McShane the son of John O'Neill (said to have descended from 
the Royal (Irish) family of Dungannon, County Tyrone), 
married Frances, daughter of Thomas Fay of Derrynagare, 
Westmeath, Ireland. They had a son William McShane 
(anglicised to William Johnson) who married Anna, the 



1 Published by Joel Munsell's Sons, Albany, 1 882, p. i-x. 

[xxxiv] 



Genealogy of the Johnson Family xxxv 

daughter of James Fitz Simmons of Tullinally, Westmeath. 1 
They had a son, Christopher Johnson, who removed to Smith- 
town, County Meath, and was married to Anne, daughter of 
Michael Warren, of Warrenstown, County Meath, and sister 
of Vice Admiral Sir Peter Warren, K. B., who was patron 
and backer of Sir William in America, and who gained a 
reputation in the Louisburg expedition in 1 745. To Christopher 
(died 1763) and Anne Johnson (died January 26, 1744) 
were born, WILLIAM, the subject of this sketch, Peter Warren 
Johnson, 2 of Damartown, County Meath, John, of Warrens- 
town, County Meath, and five daughters. 

SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON, 1st baronet, was born in 1715, 
at Smithtown, 3 County Meath, Ireland, and subsequently was 
taken by his maternal uncle, Admiral Sir Peter Warren, 
K. B., to North America, 4 where he rose to the rank of major 
general of the provincial militia, April 16, 1755, and distin- 



1 The O'Neill line of descent only begins to appear in the works on 
heraldry of the twentieth century, but on February 12, 1774, Peter 
Warren Johnson had registered this pedigree in the Office of Arms of 
Dublin Castle and was allowed to use the arms of the O'Neills of 
Tyrone. It does not appear in the 1 842 edition of Burke and first makes 
its appearance in the 1912 edition of that work. In The Baronetage 
of England by E. Kimber and R. Johnson, London, 1771, for example, 
it is stated only, " that Sir William Johnson is descended from a good 
family in the kingdom of Ireland (III, p. 142)." One does not neces- 
sarily preclude the other, of course, but it is a problem for genealogists. 

2 In the Johnson Papers he is known as Warren only. In the same 
papers there is also mention of the son named John. In his will Johnson 
mentions four sisters by their married names: Dease; Sterling (Bridget) ; 
Plunket (Frances); and Fitzsimons (Ellis). There was another sister 
Mrs. Farrell who died before Johnson. On these collaterals see NeV> 

Ceneological and Biographical Record, October, 1918, p. 389. 

3 Sometimes spelled Smithstown. 

4 In 1 737, winter, or 1 738, early spring. 



xxxvi Genealogy of the Johnson Family 

guished himself as a military commander during the French and 
Indian War (175463), and as a negotiator with Indian tribes. 
He was created a baronet November 27, 1755. In 1756 he 
received his commission as " Colonel, Agent and Sole Super- 
intendent of all the affairs of the Six Nations and other Northern 
Indians," with no subordination but to the Earl of Loudoun, 1 
He died July 11,1 774, of chronic malignant dysentery, aged 59, 
at his seat, Johnson Hall, Tryon county, New York, leaving by 
Catherine Wisenberg 2 [Weissenberg?] (died 1759) his wife: 

I John, his heir, born in 1742, 2d baronet (see below). 

II Anne, married to Col. Daniel Claus, 3 of North America, 
and died about 1 798. 



1 The Earl of Loudoun was appointed commander in chief of the forces 
in America shortly after Johnson's commission was renewed. The Indian 
superintendent was made subject to orders from the commander in chief. 

2 Burke's Peerage, ed. 1915, says " married 1 739, Mary daughter of 
John de Wissenbergh of Montreal." This is probably not verifiable, as 
there is considerable uncertainty among Johnson's biographers as to his 
wife, her name and parentage. In his will he refers to '* his beloved wife 
Catherine " which would seem to settle the name as not being " Mary." 
Jeptha R. Simms, the historic gossip of the Mohawk and Schoharie valleys, 
has a great deal of interesting matter on the question, and it is also treated 
by William L. Stone in his Life and Times of Johnson. For details, see 
J. R. Simms's Frontiersmen of New Yorf?, 1 :203-8, and Stone's Johnson, 
1 :66, 327; 2:490. Edward F. de Lancey, who edited the work written 
by Thomas Jones, the Tory or Loyalist historian of New York, says she 
"was a native of Germany whose parents settled on the Mohawk and 
who died in 1 759." He states this on the authority of a writing from 
Sir John himself, to his daughter Mrs Bowes, a copy of which in Mrs 
Bowes's handwriting was, at that time, in the editor's possession. Jones's 
History of NeV> York, ed. by Edward Floyd de Lancey, pub. New York 
Historical Society, 1879, 2:641. O. Turner, however, says she was a 
redemptionist, who was serving her time with one of his (Sir William's) 
neighbors. Turner's Phelps & Corhams Purchase, Rochester, 1852, 
p. 72. 

3 Colonel Claus died at King's Castle, Cardiff, and was buried in 
Cardiff church, November 1 787. 



Genealogy cf the Johnson Family xxxvii 

III Mary, married to Col. Guy Johnson, 1 and had two 
daughters : 

1 Mary, married Lieutenant General Colin Camp- 

bell, afterwards lieutenant governor of Gib- 
raltar, and colonel of the 65th Regiment. 
. Their eldest son became Sir Guy Campbell, 
first baronet, and this line of baronets still 
exists. 2 

2 Julia. 

SIR JOHN JOHNSON, 2d baronet, of Johnson Hall, Tryon 
(afterwards Fulton) 3 county, N. Y., finally of Mount John- 
son, Montreal; colonel of regiment of horse in the northern 
district of New York, in 1773; major general of the militia 
belonging to the same portion of the province after the decease 
of his father; lieutenant colonel commanding the " Loyal 
Volunteers " later known as the " King's Royal Regiment of 
New York," otherwise as " The Queen's Loyal New Yorkers ", 
" Sir John Johnson's Regiment," " Sir John's Royal Regiment," 

1 Col. Guy Johnson died in March 1 788, and his wife Mary died at 
Oswego a year after her father, July 11, 1775. See de Lancey ed. 
Jones's History of New York, 2:642-43. Guy Johnson is sometimes 
designated as the son of Sir William (See Royal Magazine, 1. 759, I: 
167; letter of James F. Cooper, Nov. 6, 1831, in the State Historian's 
office) but a careful reading of these Papers shows this is not true. He 
was a kinsman and is usually said to have been his nephew. Sir William's 
brother John had at least seven sons and Guy may have been one of these. 

2 Letter from the Hon. David Ross McCord, the McCord National 
Museum, Temple Grove, Montreal, August 28, 1916. 

8 Tryon county was changed to " Montgomery " April 2, 1 784. 
Fulton county was taken from Montgomery April 18, 1838. Johns- 
town, in which the court house, erected by Sir William Johnson in 1 772, 
and Johnson Hall are located, is in Fulton county and is the county seat. 
At the time of the division a great many of the older records of Tryon 
county, however, including many relating to Sir William, Sir John and 
prominent residents of the valley, were retained by Montgomery county, 
and are to be found in the Montgomery county clerk's office at Fonda, 
N. Y. 



xxxviii Genealogy of the Johnson Family 

" Sir John's Corps " or " Johnson's " or " Queen's Royal 
Greens"; 1 colonel, British Army, October 21, 1782, brigadier 
general of the provincial troops, etc., March 14, 1782; super- 
intendent general and inspector general of the Six Nations of 
Indians and their confederates, of all the Indians inhabiting 
the province of Quebec and the Frontier, September 16, 1791, 
1 . .; colonel in chief of the six battalions of the militia of 
the eastern townships of lower Canada. He was knighted at 
St James's, London, November 22, 1 765. 2 On the death of his 
father, Sir William, Sir John succeeded to the baronetcy but 
refused to accept the succession to the former's dignities and 
offices in connection with the Indians, and they were con- 
ferred upon his cousin, Guy Johnson, who exercised them 
throughout the Revolutionary War, and thus Sir John and 
Colonel Guy have often been confounded. Sabine says, ** Col. 
Guy Johnson's intemperate zeal for his royal master caused the 
first affray in that (Tryon) county." Sir John married, June 
30, 1773, Mary, daughter of Hon. John Watts, sr., Esq., some- 
time president of the King's Council of New York, and by her 
(who died August 7, 1815) he had issue: 3 



1 Stone's Orderly Book of Sir John Johnson, p. 1 -2 ; Alexander C. 
Flick's Localism in Netv York, Columbia University Press, 1911, 
D. 102-3; 110-13; F. B. Hough's Northern Invasion, N. Y., 1866, 
p. 47, 136, 154; Croil's Short History of Canada, p. 128; Lorenzo 
Sabine's The American Loyalists, Boston, 1847, p. 393; Public Papers 
of George Clinton, v. 10 (index). 

2 He was sometime of Guyot, County Lincoln, and of Twickenham, 
Middlesex, in England. He died January 4, 1830, at St Mary's, 
Montreal, Canada, aged 88. See G. E. C. ed. Complete Baronetage, 
v. 5, pub. William Pollard & Co., Exeter, Eng., p. 105. 

3 Mary was born October 29, 1753, and was the fourth daughter 
of the Hon. John Watts and Anne de Lancey, youngest daughter of 
Etienne (Stephen) de Lancey, first of the American name. Anne was 
the sister of Lady Warren, wife of Sir Peter Warren, uncle and patron 
of Sir William Johnson, thus forming another family link. Lady Mary 
Johnson was also the second cousin of General Philip Schuyler, his mother 
and Etienne de Lancey's wife being sisters, and daughters of Stephanus 
van Cortlandt. See de Lancey, ed. Jones, Nerv York, 1:581, 2:642. 



Genealogy of the Johnson Family xxxix 

I William, lieutenant colonel, born 1 775 ; married in 
1 802, Susan, daughter of Stephen de Lancey, gov- 
ernor of Tobago, and sister of Sir William de 
Lancey, K. C. B., quartermaster general of Well- 
ington's army, killed at Waterloo; and died 1812, 
leaving by her (who married secondly, 1815, Gen- 
eral Sir Hudson Lowe, K. C. B., and died 1832) 

three daughters: 

1 Charlotte, married in 1820, Alexander Count 

Balmain, Russian commissioner at St 
Helena, and died in 1824. 

2 Mary, died unmarried in 1814. 

3 Susan, died unmarried in 1828. 

II Adam Gordon, 3d baronet (see below). 

III James Stephen, born in 1 785 ; captain 28th regiment, 

killed at Badajoz. 

IV Robert Thomas, drowned in Canada in 1812. 
V Warren, major 68th regiment, died 1813. 

VI John, of Point Olivier, Montreal, colonel commanding 
6th battalion of militia, sometime lieutenant royal 
navy, born August 8, 1 782 ; married February 1 0, 
1825, Mary Diana (who died October 22, 1861 ), 
daughter of Richard Dillon, Esq., of Montreal; 
and died June 23, 1841, leaving issue: 

1 William, born November 7, and died Decem- 

ber 26, 1828. 

2 William George, successor to his uncle, and 

4th baronet, died 1908 (see below). 

3 Charles, captain Madras artillery, . born 

February 4, 1 833 ; died unmarried, August 
30, 1895. 

4 Robert, born February 1, 1834; buried 

August 3, 1837. 



Genealogy of the Johnson Family 

5 James Stephen, lieutenant 4th foot, born 

March 5, 1836; died unmarried in India 
of sunstroke September 26, 1870. 

6 Archibald Kennedy, born June 20, 1839; 

married November 5, 1865, Katherine 
Sophia, daughter of Lieutenant Colonel 
Charles McDonnell, 85th regiment. He 
died October 6, 1873, and she died May 
29, 1911. They had issue: 

1 Edward Gordon, fifth and present 

baronet (see below). 

2 Mary Florence (St Matthias, Mon- 

treal, Canada), born February 6, 
1870; married December 1, 1891, 
Charles George Cranmer Kenrick, 
of Brigham, Lower Canada, who 
died May 23, 1905. She died 
May 23, 1911. 

John, of Point Olivier, also had four daughters, all 
of whom died unmarried: 

1 Maria Diana, born November 19, 1825, died 
March 27, 1886. 

2 Anne Margaret, born October 28, 1827, died 
May 15, 1899. 

3 Eliza Theresa, born March 9, 1829, died 
September 28, 1867. 

4 Mary Anne, born March 21, 1837, died 

January 9, 1909. 

VII Charles Christopher, of Argenteuil, Canada East, 
born October 29, 1798; lieutenant colonel 9th 
lancers; quartermaster general in Ireland; knight 
of the second class of the Persian Order of the 
Lion and Sun; married January 8, 1818, Susan, 
eldest daughter of Admiral Sir Edward Griffith, 
of Northbrook House, Hants (Hampshire) (who 



Genealogy of the Johnson Family xli 

took the surname of Colpoys). He died Septem- 
ber 30, 1854, and she February 23, 1875. They 
had issue: 

1 William, an officer in 20th regiment, born 

May 28, 1821, deceased without issue. 

2 John Ormsby, vice admiral, royal navy; born 

August 11, 1822; died March 1881. 
Married February 17, 1852, Edith Renira, 
daughter of Rev. Charles Edward Twy- 
ford of Trotton, Sussex. She died Novem- 
ber 12, 1904. 

3 Charles Turquand, born June 1 7, 1 825, 

deceased. 

4 Edward Colpoys, born August 11, 1 835, an 

officer in the Crimean army, later missionary 
to northern India, and founder of the Col- 
poys' branch. 

Charles Christopher had two daughters*; 

1 Maria Bowes, married, June 18, 1867, Rev. 
William Bell Christian, of Ewanrigg Hall, 

Cumberland, and Milntown, Isle of Man, 
who died 1886. She died 1877. 

2 Mary Anne Susan (The Island, Winder- 

mere), married April 30, 1863, Henry 
Fraser Curwen of Workington, Cumber- 
land, and had issue. He died March 6, 
1900. 

VIII Archibald Kennedy, born in 1 792, married September 
13, 1818, Maria Johnson, daughter of Patrick 
Langan, Esq., of Montreal, died without issue 
October8, 1866. 

Sir John, 2d baronet, also had three daughters: 

1 Anne, married December 1797 Col. Edward 
Macdonnell, at one time aide-de-camp to 
the Duke of Wellington, and later deputy 



xlii Genealogy of the Johnson Family 

quartermaster general to the forces of 
Canada, who died in 1812. She died 
January 31, 1848. 

2 Catherine Maria, married, 1805, Major Gen- 

eral Barnard Foord Bowes, an officer of 
unusual ability and intrepidity, who fell in 
the attack upon the forts at Salamanca, 
June 23, 1812. (See Harper's "Alison," 
III, 476 (2) and note, and other authorities 
on the War in Spain) . She died at Angle- 
sey, near Gosport, England, February 5, 
1850. 

3 Marianne, died January 1 , 1 868. 

Sir John died January 4, 1830, and was succeeded by his 
second but eldest surviving son, 

SlR ADAM GORDON, 3d baronet, lieutenant colonel of the 
6th battalion of militia, born May 6, 1781 ; he died unmarried 
May 21, 1843, and was succeeded by his nephew, Sir William 
George. 

SlR WILLIAM GEORGE, 4th baronet, of St Matthias, near 
Montreal, Canada, nephew and heir of Sir Adam Gordon John- 
son, being the second son and heir of John Johnson, of Point 
Olivier, Montreal (sixth son of the second baronet), and Mary 
Diana Dillon, both of Montreal (see under VI above). Sir 
William George was born December 19, 1830. He was gradu- 
ated at Woolwich, and for the greater part of his life was 
engaged in the army in the discharge of various staff duties, at 
one time serving on the Island of St Helena as governor's aide- 
de-camp. He was lieutenant of royal artillery, 1848-54. He 
succeeded to the baronetcy May 21 , 1843. 1 He married March 



1 It was in 1 843 that the arms of the Johnson family were first regis- 
tered at the Herald's office in London. These were the O'Neill arms 
which had already been registered in the Ulster Arms office at Dublin, 
in February 1 774, after Warren Johnson had registered a pedigree show- 
ing descent of the Johnson family from the O'Neills. 



Genealogy of the Johnson Family xliii 

30, 1889, Elizabeth Hancock Brown, of Montreal, Canada, 
only daughter of the late Richard Hancock Brown of Bowdon, 
county of Chester, England. He died without issue, January 
26, 1908 at Nice, south of France, and is there interred. His 
widow was at last accounts still living, and residing at Lausanne, 
Switzerland. He was succeeded by his nephew Sir Edward 
Gordon Johnson. 1 

SlR (EDWARD) GORDON JOHNSON, 5th baronet, the present 
holder of the title, of 716 Dorchester Street, West, Montreal, 
Canada, succeeded to the baronetcy January 26, 1908. He 
was the only son of the late Archibald Kennedy Johnson, 
sixth son of John (VI) (see above), and Katherine Sophia 
MacDonnell, daughter of Lieutenant Colonel Charles MacDon- 
nell, 85th regiment, and granddaughter of Colonel Edward 
MacDonnell who married Anne, the daughter of Sir John, the 
second baronet. He is thus doubly connected with the founder 
of the race in America. Sir Gordon was born March 17, 1867, 
in Montreal, and was educated at Bishops College, Lennoxville. 
He married June 1 8, 1 902, Violet Eveline, daughter of the late 
Thomas Edward Hayes, Esq., M. D., of Dublin, Ireland. As 
Sir Gordon writes : * The above account of the present baronet 
deals with the last of the male issue direct in North America." 3 

HEIR PRESUMPTIVE: FREDERICK COLPOYS ORMSBY JOHN- 
SON, (see above VII-2) first son of John Ormsby Johnson and 
Edith Renira Twyford, born October 19, 1858; married 
October 14, 1884, Maria, daughter of the late Henry Lund, 
barrister at law. Had (1915) two sons and a daughter. His 
sons are Guy Allen Colpoys Ormsby, born May 25, 1886, 
lieutenant, army pay department, married and has issue, and 



1 Stone's Orderly Book of Sir John Johnson, p. x; G. E. C. Complete 
Baronetage, 5:105; Correspondence Sir Gordon Johnson, July 17, 1916; 
Burke's Peerage, 1915 ed., under "Johnson of New York." 

2 See Burke, 1915, or later. Letter Sir Gordon Johnson, July 17, 
1916. 



xliv Genealogy of the Johnson Family 

Lionel Stanley Ormsby, lieutenant, royal navy, flag lieutenant 
to the admiral, superintendent of the Malta dockyard. Born 
August 19, 1887. Unmarried. Both of these sons have 
received the D. S. O., for military and naval service in the 
present war in Europe. The heir presumptive was formerly 
major of transport for British troops and is now (1915) brigade 
major in the third new army of 1914. 

Deceased. Robert Warren Johnson (see above VII-2), 
second son of John Ormsby Johnson, was born May 10, 1868; 
married July 11, 1906, Grace Isobel, fourth daughter of the 
late Algernon Paley, and had two sons and one daughter. He 
was lost in action September 22, 1914, when the H. M. S. 
" Cressy," of which he was the captain, was torpedoed in the 
North sea engagement. He was, it is said, one of the greatest 
torpedo experts in the royal navy. 1 

For further details as to the family, the reader is referred to 
the latest editions of Burke's or Debrett's Peerage. A good 
account will be found there of the collateral lines, including the 
Ormsby Johnsons, the Colpoys Johnsons and the other English 
branches. 



1 See Burke, 1915, and a letter from Sir Gordon Johnson, July 17, 
1916. 



EXPLANATION OF SIGNS, ABBREVIATIONS, 

CAPITALIZATION, PUNCTUATION 

AND WORDS CROSSED OUT 

The object of the publication of manuscript material of 
historical importance is to make it easily accessible to the student. 
With such an end in view the editor should aim to place the 
printed text before the reader in such shape that it may be 
used most quickly and intelligently in order to arrive at the 
meaning of the author. A letter, in which the writer uses " & " 
for " and " and crosses out several lines in order to substitute 
others, should be published with the ** and " written out and the 
crossed out material omitted. If it is desired to call attention 
to the fact that the writer had something else in mind, when 
he wrote the letter, and then crossed it out, such information 
may be relegated to the footnotes and the text left unencumbered. 

In eighteenth century manuscripts capital letters are at times 
fairly sprinkled through the text, sometimes even in the middle 
of words. The most ardent advocate of identical reproduction 
of texts does not retain these in the printed page and thus 
violates his own rules. 

Punctuation marks are at times very irregularly and illogically 
used. The editor, who has pored over hundreds of manuscripts 
and has become familiar with the peculiarities of a writer, is 
much more competent to supply the necessary punctuation marks 
and omit the superfluous ones, in order to make the meaning 
clear, than is the student who more generally than not uses the 
collection for a comparatively few documents. 

On the continent of Europe a much saner view of text pub- 
lication is current than in England and America. In the latter 
countries editors have seemed to be more interested in leaving 
a quaint flavor by the retention of "ye," "yatts," "oy r " 

[xlv] 



xlvi Explanation of Signs, Etc. 

(instead of writing out " the," " that's " and " other ") than 
they are in the fundamental object of the publication of texts. 

In deference, however, to the common American practice, 
but without committing themselves to an approval of it, the 
editors of the Johnson manuscripts have reproduced them with 
all the abbreviations, misspellings, capitalization and punctuation. 
Where matter has been written in and crossed out and new 
material substituted, this has been indicated. The only thing 
the editors have not done is to retain capitals in the middle of 
words as CaPtAin. Even the American extremists will 
pardon them this deviation, because of the atrociously bad appear- 
ing page that such printing makes. 

For obvious reasons in a correspondence collection such as this, 
where the manuscript pages vary so much, no attempt has been 
made to make a linear transcription. 



< > surrounding words or parts of words indicates that 
they appear in the Hastings proof but are not verifiable because 
of the burned condition of the manuscript. 

[ ] surrounding words or parts of words or a space 
indicates that the portion is undecipherable and that the parts 
within the brackets have been left out or have been supplied 
by the editors, sometimes by virtue of the context and some- 
times because faint traces of words may be made out. When 
they appear about the name of a place or a date they indicate 
as above or that the information has been derived from Dr Day's 
Calendar referred to in the introduction. 

[ ] surrounding words or parts of words italicized indi- 
cates that they have been crossed out by the writer, except in the 
case of names of places and dates as indicated below. 

Amount of blanfy space between brackets indicates the approxi- 
mate number of words which can not be deciphered or which 
were on portions of the manuscript which were burned off. 



Explanation of Signs, Etc. xlvii 

LARGE AND SMALL CAPITALS are used to indicate autograph 
signatures and also the names to whom documents or letters are 
addressed in the manuscript. 

SMALL CAPITALS used in words at the beginning and ending 
of a document or letter indicate that the words are used by 
the editors to call attention to the titles or indorsements which 
appear in the manuscript. 

Dates of letters or documents and the place of writing are put 
in italics for typographical reasons to make the chronological 
order prominent. 

Documents or letters without date are put in their approximate 
place so far as the editors are able to judge by their content 
or other information. 

Documents or letters dated at the end: When in the original 
the place of writing and the date appear at the end of a docu- 
ment or letter, they have been transferred to the beginning so as 
to make the chronological sequence prominent. 

Superior letters are used in the manuscripts sometimes with no 
periods underneath, sometimes with one or with two and some- 
times with a colon. Here we have usually indicated them 
with one period slightly to one side so as to avoid making special 
fonts. 

Where words or letters have evidently been omitted or dupli- 
cated by the writer or wrong words or letters have been used, 
the editor has made no change as the errors are obvious to the 
reader. 

@ or a at and acre 

Ah* about 

Ace* account 

Acq* acquaint 

Ad 1 additional 

A. Df autograph draft 

Ag st against 

Als alias 

A. L. S autograph letter signed 



xlviii Explanation of Signs, Etc. 

Am* ....................... amount 

Bar* ...................... baronet 

Cap tn ...................... captain 

Co 11 ., Coll 1 ., Coll , or Col ...... colonel 

Comand or comm d ............ command 

Com dr ..................... commander 

Commis" .................... commission 

Commis r .................... commissioner 



company 

Com* ...................... commandant 

C* ........................ cent or hundredweight 

Curr* ...................... current 

D ......................... document 

Dd ....................... delivered 

Df .............. . ......... draft 

D r ........................ dear, in term of address 

D. S ...................... document signed 

Esq r ....................... esquire 

Excels., Excelly., Ex 1 ?., Exy. or 

Exy ..................... excellency 

Gen 1 ....................... general 

Gent" ...................... gentlemen 

Left., Liu*, or L* ............. lieutenant 

H ........................ pound 

Lre ....................... letter 

L. S ...................... letter signed 

Matys ...................... majesty's 

Merch* ..................... merchant 

Obed* ................ ..... obedient 

Off r ....................... officer 

Orig 1 ...................... original 

Oy r ....................... other 

P or p s ..................... piece 

P d ........................ paid or pounder, term of ordnance 

P r . or ^ .................. per 

Pris r ....................... prisoner 

Prop 1 " ...................... proprietary, holder of proprietary 

rights in a colony 

Provin 1 .................... provincial 

P r sent ..................... present 

P* ........................ point 



Explanation of Signs, Etc. xlix 

Q. D. C Quern Deus conclucat 

Rec d received 

Reg d regard 

S d said 

Serg t sergeant 

S r Sir 

Sug r sugar 

W ch . or W h . which 

W d would 

W* what 

W th with 

Y* the 

Y r '. your 

Yt '. . that 

Y u you 



SOME AUTOGRAPHS ON LETTERS IN VOLUME 

ONE 











eAM 








SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON PAPERS 



EDWARD CLARKE TO WALTER BUTLER 1 
A. L. S. 

Albany Feb 6* 1737/8* 
D R SiR 

I take the liberty from the respect I owe You to Advise a 
little with You concerning an Affair that is Apprehended to be 
on foot between Doc tr . Dishington & Miss Dick 'Tis reported 
that they are to be att Fort Hunter And that there the most 
unjust & ingratefull Action that ever had birth on this Stage is 
to be executed Conscious I am that You're a Stranger intirely to 
this cursed Scheme And that I think it the friends part to 
Acquaint You of it If such a thing is to be for Gods Sake let 
not You're Fort be the scene where 'tis to be Acted in I say 
Again I insist that You don't suffer them to come into Your 
house where they may previously to Your knowledge huddle up 
a marriage and tho' You are innocent the censorious part of man- 
kind will absolutely condemn You and the more moderate part 
Suspect Thus for Your own Character & to highly oblige me 
advise the Doc tr to send her back to Bloods & not Suffer them 
Under Your Roof forgive my Impertinence that hurry occasions 
& look upon it as a rough river impetuously flowing from A 
Serene Sincere fountain adieu 

I am Y r . Most hu le Ser* 

EDW D : CLARKE 

ADDRESSED: To Captain Butler att his Comand att Fort 
Hunter 

INDORSED: from Cap*. Clark 



1 Walter Butler, a lieutenant in the New York regiment; father of 
Thomas, John and Walter jr. 

2 Many letters of the early period in this collection bear a double year 
date, conforming to both the old style and the new. The term " old 



2 Sir William Johnson Papers 

EDWARD CLARKE TO WALTER BUTLER 
A. L. S. 

Albany March y 3*. 1737/8 
S R . 

I had the honour of Yours by Ellwood and am uneasy that 
You Should Imagine I thought or that 'twas in the power of any 
person to make me beleive You was either knowing of or Acces- 
sory to the Curs'd plot of that Vile Mans. No S r . My Opinion 
is Infinitely better of You but the reason of my writing You was 
to prepare You & to give You an Opportunity to Avoid the 
Censure of ill minds Next when I shall have the pleasure of 
Speaking to You we'll talk more of the Affair 

Let me beg S r . You'll Inlist as many Men as possible that are 
good Men for I shall Muster publickly the 24 th of June ensuing 
So that I must beg Your Care to Send them Down again that 
time I hope by your Assistance to Shew a Compleat Company 



style " indicates the calendar framed by Julius Caesar in 46 B. C., of 
which the most important features are an assumed solar year of 365 days 
and 6 hours, and a day added to the common year every four years to 
satisfy the accumulation of time. As the excess of the solar year over 
365 days is about 5 hours 48 minutes and 46 seconds, the allowance in 
the Julian system for accumulation caused the civil year to fall behind the 
solar year, until in 1582, when the calendar was reformed by Pope 
Gregory XIII, there was a difference of 1 days between them. To cor- 
rect the variation, 10 days were suppressed; and, to reduce future accu- 
mulations, it was determined that centurial years should not be regarded 
as leap years unless the number of the year was divisible without a 
remainder by 400. Thus 1900 was not a leap year. 

Protestant countries did not at once accept the reformed calendar; and 
it was not till 1 75 1 that the British parliament passed a law providing 
for the adoption of the new style. In September of the following year 1 1 
days were canceled. In addition, the year was made to begin- January 
1st instead of March 25th, as it had done. For some years before 1 752, 
people in the British colonies dated their letters in various fashions, 
some adhering to the old style, some to the new, and many employing 
both. The varying usage affects letters written between January 1st and 
March 25th. 



Period of Settlement, 1 7 38-1 7 44 3 

I thank You Sincerely for those You have listed already You 
may tell those that You have & shall list they shall have their 
Cloaths Yearly 

I am S r . Y r . Most obed*. Ser'. 

EDWARD CLARKE 

ADDRESSED: To Capt n Butler Commanding the Garrison att 
Fort Hunter 

INDORSED : Letter from Cap*. Clark 






EDWARD CLARKE TO JAMES STEVENSON 
A. L. S. 

Ma\> y 10< h 1738 
D R . S R . 

I had the favour of Yours the last of Ap 11 . in which was 
inclos'd the Discharge Sign'd by M r . Butler for which I return 
You many thanks As I have not time now I beg You'll write 
Butler or Send him this letter And let him know that it does 
not come within my power to let him Draw for his pay As I am 
Absolutely to Draw for Company And Officers by w ch is Undei- 
stood that I must pay the Officers And Men their Subsistance he 
may do what he pleases with his Arear tell him I beg he'll 
write his merch 1 & M r . Guerin that I'm the only person that can 
Draw in Order to hinder any Confusion that Otherwise might 
happen 

I am S r . Y r . most hub 1 . Ser< 

EDW D CLARKE 
ADDRESSED: To M r . James Stevenson in Albany 



A Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM JOHN RILEY 
A. L. S. 

STvegey 1 #re the 26* 173[ ]' 

Mis : William Jonson this is for to [ ] understand that 

I am seafe arived here [ ] att this p r sent I could not pre- 

vaile for to get one thing that wold sheut me for a present to 
you butt tow samons which I do send to you by Richard Imes 3 
My Kind Love to you & your Cosen 4 and I shall send more I 
hop[e] pickeled hereaffter sor Excuse me for my Small present 
att this presnt butt My Love to all your famely Expe[c]t forther 
nuse from me the forst oppertyney so I Remaine youre well 
wisher tiwll deth 

JOHN RILEY 

TO PETER WARREN 

A. Df. 

[Map the 10* 1739} 
D R . UNCLE 

I had <the favour of yours of the 20 th of April> wherein I 
find y u . are displeased <att my purchaseing the land,> 5 Which 



1 Oswego. 

2 Originally calendared as 1733. This date was not possible as John- 
son was not in this country until 1 737 or 1 738. On the burned letter 
the figure may be read as 3, 8 or 9. 

3 So in ms. It may be intended for Jones or Innes. 

4 Probably his cousin, Michael Tyrrell, referred to as " Mick " in a 
letter from Johnson's uncle, Captain Peter Warren, to Johnson. That 
letter was sent from Boston under date of November 20, 1 738, and is 
quoted in Stone's Life of Sir William Johnson, 1 :63. In a letter from 
Tyrrell to Johnson under date of May 28, 1741 (See Day's Calendar, 
p. 9, and belovV.), Tyrrell asks to be remembered to all friends and sends 
respects to Doctor Barclay, Mr and Mrs Dillon, *' to Catty and all that 
Inquires for me," showing that he had been with Johnson in the Mohawk 
country. 

5 This land, north of the Mohawk, was that on which Johnson built a 
house in 1 749. See letter of December 30, 1 748, to Captain Cather- 
wood and of December 31st to Samuel and William Baker. 



Period of Settlement, 1738-1744 5 

in Everry Bodys Opinion <is a good Bargain, and Can any> 
time I please Sell it for the Money <And More So that I hope, 
D r .> Uncle y 1 . not continue y r . Opinion <when y u . See it and 
know> My Design (w h . is this) to have a Carefull Honest 
<Man there> Who will Manage the farm, w h . will at least 
<Clear I am Sure> 30 ^ Annum, Moreover the Chief thing 
is a <fine Creek to build> a Saw Mill on, haveing Loggs 
Enough att hand, <half of w h . Creek > belongs to Me, so that 
I intend after a little time, <please God, to> build a Mill there, 
w h . May Clear 40 ^ Annum, and that w th out Much trouble, 
so that the Income of that may Enable me <the better ]> to go 
on in the World, tho I must Acknowledge D r . Uncle that 
<C wt -> great favours y u . Were pleased to do me, was a Sufficient 
Beginning And am w th . all the Gratitude Imaginable Contented 
w*. it, and <for> the future shall be no way Expensive, nor 
troublesome to y u . No farther than ^ ha P 8 I may want Some 
goods or Necessarys w lh . the procureing of w h . I may ^ ha P s . make 
bold to trouble y u ., but not w th . out the Money for it. /as for the 
goods w h . y u . and M r . Middleton Sent here they will not Answer/ 
for When I over Looked them I found all the Stockings Mostly 
Moth Eaten, and I fear the Rest will be so to, if not Already ,y 
I have Aired them all verry well w h . is the best thing Can be done 
w lh . them. I long to hear from y u . w*. y u . will have done w** 1 . 
them, were they proper goods for this Country it would be much 
better. Y r . Comeing here is much longed for by us & Several! 
others who are Inclined to Come and Settle On the land, but 
wait y r . Comeing, w h . I wish may be Soon if it Suits w tfl . y u . 
They are all people in Good Circumstance and would like being 
near me in hopes of haveing a good Neighbourhood Soon here 
W h . I hope we shall ; As to my Moveing over where I made the 
purchase, to live there I never had the least Notion in the World 
of it, but what I meant was that it would be the properest place 
on the Whole River for a Store house and Shop in the Winter, 
by reason of all the High Germans passing by that way in the 
Winter, and all the upper Nations of Indians, whose trade is 
pritty Valluable, But I will talk no more ab*. it until I have the 



6 Sir William Johnson Papers 

pleasure of Seeing y u . <As to the Title of that land W K . Joyns 
that I bought, there is no Doubt of it ; it belongs to two Brothers 
of these Moors who made a verry Safe purchase of it. As to the 
quantity of land I am not Certain, because It has not been Sur- 
veyed, but the lines Run 2 Miles Square I think. As for the 
Clear > and upon it or w*. <they Call flatts here, is verry Con- 
siderable being. ^> reckoned as Good as any on the <^ River and 
Contains ab*. 40 Acres on the Shoar^> besides 4 or 5 Isleands 
some of <w h . are Clear, all w h ., they have> fine wheat of 
yearly. Your Seeing of it would <be much more to y r .> Satis- 
faction than my Discription Can be. Y u . Mention <in y r . last 
of Sending^ More large Casks here, and Iron bound Barrells 
<w h . if y u . have not> as yet Sent, I would be glad y u . Would 
keep them, because <the one large Cask,> y u . were pleased to 
Send me is Sufficient together <w th . what> Small ones I have 
Already. Moreover there is no liklyhood <of much Vent> 
for Rum, if this Act passes w h . Mr. Barckly 1 petitions <for In 
Indians Name, the Cheifs of whom I have asked how they 
to Sign^> Such a petition, wheras they were so well 
pleased at my <^Settleing^> here, and keeping w*. necessarrys 
they wanted, to w h . they declared <they> never knew one word 
of it, but that it is all M r . Barcklays doing <w h . the> Ind ns * 



1 Rev. Henry Barclay, D. D., was a native of Albany and son of 
the Rev. Thomas B., first Episcopal minister of that city. He was gradu- 
ated at Yale College in 1 734, and on the recommendation of the Rev. 
Mr Miln, of St Peter's Church, was appointed catechist to the Mohawks 
at Fort Hunter in 1 736; he proceeded to England in 1 737, for the pur- 
pose of receiving holy orders, and was ordained on January 30, 1 737/8, 
and sent by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel missionary to 
Albany and Fort Hunter; he arrived in his native city in the beginning 
of April following, and continued his labors there and among the Mohawks 
until October 1 746, when he was inducted rector of Trinity Church, New 
York. In 1761 he received the degree of doctor of divinity from the 
College of Oxford, and died August 20, 1764. At the time of his 
death he was engaged in superintending the printing of a Translation of 
the Book of Common Prayer into the Mohawk dialect. Doc. Rel 
to Col. Hist. N. Y.. 6:88. 



Period of Settlement, 1738-1744 

dont like, Rum being the only thing they mostly trade 
If> y u . could D r . Uncle Dispose of half the white Linnen, and 
let me <have> for it, the goods Mentioned in the Invoice, w h . 
are mostly Indian < truck, > and fitt to trade w lh . to a place 
Called Oquago to the Southward from this on Suscahannah 
River, towards Philidelphia, where I intend if y u . think proper to 
Make a tryall this fall w lh . ab l . 200 worth of Goods W h . I am 
Credibly Informed by those that Came from thence that I Can 
to advantage dispose of them to the Indians there, better than at 
Oswego because there are to many traders go there, and all a 
parcell of Meer Bites, But here att Aquago there are but verry 
few go there, So y l . I Conceit I Could Make a good hand there, 
haveing a fellow here who I would take w*. me that Under- 
stands their tongue and way of dealing So that if it hitts well 
w th . me I may be a great deal the better of it, If not I Dont fear 
Selling the goods Elsewhere, Indian truck being the best that 
goes of here. I would Willingly have y r . Advice ab*. it, by the 
first opertunity. By Reason I would be provideing one little 
thing or another again the time w h . is in August the best time to 
go. As to that land between y u . & J n . Wemp, I had formerly 
a letter from the Cheif Justice Ab J . it desireing I would Look 
into it, and Enquire ab j . it w h . I did of J n . Wemp, and Severall 
others who tell me that Capt n . Butler has an Ind n . Deed for it, 
w h . I asked one of the Cheif Ind ns ., who tells me the Same; 
people here are mad Everry day purchaseing land, & Surveying, 
so that land must be verry dear in a Short time ; as to my keeping 
in well w lh . all people y u . may Assure y r . Self of it, D r . Uncle, 
for I daresay I have the good will of all people w l .soever, and 
much respected, Verry much on y r . Acctt. and my Own Be- 
haviour, w h . I trust in God I shall always Continue. 



Szr William Johnson Papers 



TO 



A. L. S. 1 

Scp^. the 2* 1739 
S*. 

Haveing Some familys Come to Settle here on Capt n . Warrens 
land, who now are Gblidged to quit the Improvements they have 
Made, By Reason of the lands not being laid out in Lotts, w h . 
Occasions a great deal of trouble and will a great deal more, if 
not Divided onto Parcells, or Lotts, Which I would be very 
Glad was done Directly this Week, haveing three familys now 
in my house waiting for the land to be laid out for them, there- 
fore beg you may not Delay in it; the Willigee Negroes have 
got Major [Salen?] to Survey their lands, and say they will 
Come in upon my Clearing, a good deal. So that I would be 
Glad to See about it Soon. 

Being all from S r . Y r . Most humble Servt. 

pray my kind respects to Wm. Spouse 2 

W M . JOHNSON 

TO EDWARD COLLINS 3 

A. L. S. 4 

Mount Johnson, Febr. the I9 ih . 1739/40 
S. 

hearing of your comeing from Sopus, I thought you might 
have settled that Affair of the Willigees, w h . I should be glad 
to know before I went down how it is, that I might order My 
business Accordingly; As to that Affair of conscerning the 
Creek, I desired a Coppy of Clements Writeings w* 1 . he told 
I should freely have, but he thought better of it, and now tells 
me the Key of his trunk is lost, W h ; is but a sham; I have Spoke 



1 In the library of The Society of Colonial Wars, New York City. 

2 Perhaps Spence. 

3 Edward Collins, of Albany, a lawyer. He was a commissioner of 
1 dian affairs, 1 734-38 and 1 739-45. 

4 In Oneida Historical Society, Utica, N. Y. 






Period of Settlement, 1738-1744 9 

to Petrus Vandreisen who Says it is the greatest Imposition Imag- 
inable w h . he, and his Brother Hennery Vandreisen in Albany, 
who are the Wittnesses to said Agreement, will testifie, but I 
will defer Mentioning any more ab*. it till I see you, but beg you'l 
let me know by the Bearer in a few lines, w l . you have Done in 
that Affair. I am w th . Kind respects to you & M rs . Collins, S r . 
Y r - verry humble Serv 1 . 

W M . JOHNSON 



RECEIPT FROM EIAS CARLOCK 

D. S. 

Rec d . of M r . W m . Johnson the Sum of fifteen Shillings on 
Ace", of Peter Young in full of all Acctt 8 . As Witness My hand 
this 11*. Day of April 1740 
0-15-0 

his 

EIAS EC. CARLOCK 

Mark 



FROM PHILIP LIVINGSTON * 
A. L. S. 

Albany 25 Feb* 1740/1 
SIR 

Yours of yesterday I Rec d . just as y r . man was going away. 
I am very much pleas' d you have not agreed for more wheat a 
3 /3 d . which price I Suppose will not be maintaind 3/ would have 
been enough and at that your wheat from y e westward will not 
do for boatting pease I Conjecture will be in demand because of 
ye hard winter and bad Crop but what price they will be I cant 



1 Philip Livingston, father of Philip, signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, was born at Albany in 1 686. He took part in the expedition 
of 1710 against Port Royal, was a commissioner of Indian affairs, clerk 
of Albany county, member of the New York provincial council and mem- 
ber of boundary commissions. He died at New York in 1 749. 



10 Sr'r William Johnson Papers 

Say I am in want of Some I wish you would Spare me ab*. 50 or 
100 skiple at a Reasonable price. y r . man has a bar Iron w*, 
63H 23/7 [?] I am with Respects 

Sir Your most humble Serv*. 

PH. LIVINGSTON 

ADDRESSED: For William Johnson, Esq. 



FROM MICHAEL TYRRELL 1 

A. L. S. 

[Port Royal Jamaica, Map 28, 1741] 

[ 2 ] 

[ ] part [ ] 

[ ] us [ ] where the [ ] 

[ ] Colonel Gooch 3 [ ] Order [ ] yet [ ] 

[ ] I had success and got a Lieutenants Commis [ ] 

[ ] ent in the Second Battalion in Cap* Rob [art Clarks 
Company ?] [ ] Cap 1 Warran 4 Crust about the Island of 
Cuba [ ] [ ]g Prizes and fought a Spanish priviteer 

that mounf ] [ ]ns 44 Swivel Guns had on boa [r]d 134 
men the priviteer Landed an[ ] Battery of Eight Guns and 
fought us of and on for 2 Days but we [ ] [djemoleshed 
the scooner and Battery as for the Spanerds they wen[ ] 
[SJhore and Tock to woods after tacken the other prizes we 
Come [ ] [JJamaica and went out again and Tock Several 
Sloops which prove [ ] [ ] od Prizes I Received 1 73 pieces 
of Eight which Came to my Share [as mid] [Sjhipman In all 
we Toock 6 Sloops Spanish/2 frinch Ships after whfich] [I 
wa]s Sent a Shore to my Respective Company in order to do 
Duty U[ ] [ ]t of May 1 741 Cap* Warran burnd a Great 
Spanish priviteer [ ] [m] ounted 10 Great Guns 18 Swivel 



1 Lieutenant Michael Tyrrell, Johnson's cousin, a soldier in the expe- 
dition of 1741 against Cartagena, in Colombia. 

2 Several lines are missing. 

8 Sir William Gooch, governor of Virginia from 1 727 to 1 747. 
4 Captain Peter Warren. 



Period of Settlement, 1 7 38-1 7 44 1 1 

Guns She had on board 107 men my un[cle] [k]ild 40 men 
wounded the priviteer Capt and Took 3 Englishmen They had 
[ ] [p]risners and one Spanerd the rest ran a Shore Cap 1 
Warran Expended [ ] [ ]o Barrals of Gun Powder that 
Day this Ingaigement was to windard of [S]t lago att Cuba the 
Priviteer kild one man of Capt Warrans men and wounded [ ] 
men My Uncle is Just Come heare and brought Great 
In[ ]lliegance from the Spanerds which [ ]11 be of Great 
Servis to our General an[d] Admiral I was the Same time att 
Carta[ge]na and Landed the 8 th of March where we billt a 
Fasecine Battrey of 20 Guns and we [ ]nnadeded and Bom- 
barded and Maide a Breach in the Great and Strong Castle of 
Bahachica [wh]ich mounted 70 Great Guns after Storming and 
Tackening that Fort we Toock 6 Forts [ ]re Viz: Fort St: 
Joseph 44 Guns St. philips 1 2 Guns St lago 4 Guns Fort de la 
punta [ ] Guns Castle Grandey 48 Guns Fort Manzanilla 10 
Guns, burned and Sunk 1 (70 Gun [Ship]) I (40 Gun Ship) 
2( 60 Guns Ships) 4 Galleons that mounted 60 Guns Each, 
April the 4 th [17] 41 Marched Towards the City of Cartagena 
with 1 50 Grannedeers 300 Amaricans the Spanards Sallied out 
on us to the number of 600 men and fought us in the open field 
we [fijred att them and Wheeld to the Right & Leift we fired 
Street firing att 1 and went in the Rear [o]f the Battalion the 
Spanards tought that we ware Retreating they huzzad and Came 
up to us bouldly but found themsevels Misttacken when another 
plattoon anvanced with Recovered arms and Trowe itt plump 
in the Midst of the Spanards and kild 40 of the Enemey they 
turned Tale and Ran as if the Divil was in them I was under 
the command of Brigadier Blackeny and Coll L [ ] Blackeny 
& Cap' Edward Clark was Wounded both in the Ancle we 
Droue all the [Sp]annards into theire Garrisons and Fort St. 
Lazaro which Lazaro proved a featiall Fort to us after (after 
the 4 th of April we was very bissey making brest works parapets 
and Trenches we Incampt within 2 miles of the City of Carla- 



x The writer seemingly omitted a word or words. 



12 Sir William Johnson Papers 

gena April the 8 th 1 74 1 we Drue up our Armey in order to 
Storm St. Lazaro & Marched up at 3 aClock in the morning 
when we Came to there Grand Guard they Challengd us bouldly 
3 times when we Gave them no anser they Fired Brisckly att us 
and Retreated to theire Fort we advanced with Scaleing Ladders 
wooll packs and all other Utensils of war when we Came in 
Sight they Fired att us Very hott out of Cannons and pattrares 1 
and Muscets We Returned the Sallute and held it 3 hours & a 
helf they had the advantage of us being Coverd in Trenches & 
Garrisons that we were forced t[o] Retreate with the Loss of 
648 men of ours Kild after which we ware Oblidged to [ ] 
Camp and Return to Jamaica we shall not be long heare we are 
Going on Some Privit [ ] [Exjpidition [ ] not 

nown [to] us yet where [ ] 2 

[ ] Jack & [ ] 

[ ] was in all [the] Attacks from first 

to last [ ] [ ] had a Ensign broack 

for Cowardice for he Deserted [ ] [ ] 

[fjeare from being Shott a Great many of the Americans 
ha[ ] [ ] James Thomson Dead John 

[Landen?] kild and a Vast maney mo[ ] [ ] 

there [ ] uncle the 1 st of January la[ ] 

[ ] [ ] ng a Day pay for which I [ ] 

Ever be Obliged to my D r uncle [ ] who provided so 

well for me [ ] Every Day Sence I arived heare [ ] 

[ ] n . Warran who is very [well is still?] with us I have 

gott Such a good Corrector [ ] [ ]nel Martin Coll. 

Cope Coll Le.alon and all [ ] officers of our Battalion My 
Unc[le] [ jaiting for the Admiral and Expects him Every 
Day he is Going home to New Y[ ] [ ]om Thence to 
England he is going to bield a fine Church on his one Land Close 
by y[ ] [ ]rd has a fine Brass field piece and Some 
Swivell Guns to Send you, I would be [ ] [ ] lad if theare 
was a Frinch war for our Regiment would be ordered to New 



1 Pedreros, or patereros, a piece of ordnance. 

2 Several lines are missing. 



Period of Settlement, 1 7 38-1 7 44 13 

Yor[k] [ ]od get a Company as itt is if My Uncle was 
to Stay heare one half ye[ ] [ ]maica Wold get me a 
Company he is so well beloved heare that they wold grant 
[ ]ny faveour he asks of them The Assembley [met] the 10 
of may and Made a Speech to Warran & sent him a Letter of 
thanks for the Servises he has done them in Destroying these two 
priviteers he Returd the Compliment the Assembley Gave his 
Ships Crue 535 [ ] for the 107 men that [is 5 for] Every 
Spanard I have Inclosed Admiral Vernons Le[ ] and w[ill] 
send [ ] of [ ] Battle and the Generals 

orders if I h[ave] time it is Tought that after another Tryal 
with the Spanards that the Seate of [ ] war will be in flanders 
and that we will be sent to England this fall if the hurri[cane] 
will let us stay So Long in the west Indies I Long very much 
to Go to Flanders fo[r] I Delight in war tho I have Seen Great 
Slatter and Several Chainges Seince I sea[n] you I Actt as 
Adjutant an well as Lieutanant in M r Halls room How is very 
w[ ] I belive he will Gett Capt Robart Clarks Company, I 
Spock to him about [Rich?] Haversack he will do what lyes 
in his power to Gett you the money or if wee Go [ ] New 
york he will Secure him for you but heare he Cant get the money 
for want [of] the Bond there is no Sending itt heare because wee 
Dont no when we will be Remov [ ] if the Frinch Disturbs you 
in America our Regiment will be Sent to New york where I hope 
to have the Pleasure of seeing you in Good Health, Plase to 
lett me no [ ] your if you heard from home, and when you 
write to my Uncle & Aunt Johnson Plas[ ] to Remimber my 
best Respects to them and a [11] Friends plase to Lett My Father 
an[d] Mother and Give them a Account of my Prosceedings 
and to Lett them no wheare i am, D r Cousin plase to do me the 
Faveour to write to me att Every Oppertunity and Derect to 
Lieu*. Mich le Tyrrell in the 2 d Battalion of [Co] 11 Goohs Regi- 
ment to the Care of M r Charles Handly Merchant in Kingstown 
Jamaica, all Friends heare Desiere to be Remimberd to you M r 
Hall, Jack pain Patt Flood 1 M r Tattan and all on board the 

'See Bryan Flood to Patrick Flood, June 5, 1741. 



14 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Squirrel gives theire service to you and M r Waide (Doctor 
Ramsey and his Mate Vandrison is Dead) plase to Remember 
to all frinds and Best Respects to Doctor Barclay M r and M ri 
[p ] Dillon to Catty 1 and all that Inquire for iWl tould My 
' Uncle that you Spock to the Indians about Makeing 3 or 4 paire 
of Garters and a fine Sword bellt and a paire of Shose and he 
was verry well plased att itt you had better send these things to 
New York when you heare that he is Come to York for he has 
a Great fancey for those things he would make presants to 
x Friends in England/of Some them My Uncle would be very well 
pleased if [ ] wold Incourage the Tanents and Settle as 
many as You Can on good Terems [ ] tends to go up 

to Albany in Next Summer to see the Improvements you 
[ ] [about] you & to see where to [ ] the Church 

and plant the Guns if I had [ ] time I [ ] give a full 

account [ ] all the [ ] spent sence I left Albany 

bo [ ] t my new [ ] I will give you [ ] 

happend 

FROM BRYAN FLOOD TO PATRICK FLOOD 
A. L. S. 

Killeen [ June 5, 1741 ] 

D r . brother this is to Let you [ ] we are all in 

healh at present t[ ] few lines would find you in the 

Same [ ] I admire if you Recived my Letters that [ ] 

did not write to me or Els I must think you [ ] Dead 

Shurly if you woud be alive you woud Send me answer for this 
is three writings I have Sent you now and you never wass Sow 
Sivel as to Send me answer which makes your mother grive and 
your Sisters thinking you are Dead D r Brother Edmon is with us 
Still and I blive he Shant be long Sow for he is the trichers fellow 
that Ever you Sean and I heering of this I wass resolved to 
aquaint M r . Johnson 2 of it for I Cant abide his hettring or bulling 
for he is only Exposeing and rediguling us night and Day for 



1 Probably Catherine Wisenberg, Johnson's wife. 

2 Evidently a Mr Johnson in Ireland, perhaps Sir William's father. 



Period of Settlement, 1738-1744 



15 



that Reson I will Sooner Ern my bread for topenny a day than 

I woold Stea in one house with him brother patt farrell Sends 

his Sarvis to you and he is out of place this three months past 

which I am very Sorry to [ ] this Last M r . he had he is Dead 

[ ] got wit weges from M r 

Due on the Lord plunkett [ 

nangel wass to pay the [ 

one of the Excettors [and he] wass [g 

mother Sends her Sarves to you and molly and all the nabours 

D r . Brother I hop[e] you will write to me by the fris[t] opper- 

tunity and then I would Let you now allittel more of my mind 

for I am in a Dred you are not alive 1 

This is all att 

present from your 

frend and umble Sarvent 

BRYAN FLOOD 



L i 

] [an]d thomas 

] becaus he wass 

d ?] him your 



CONFERENCE BETWEEN ESOPUS INDIANS AND JUSTICES OF 

THE PEACE 2 
p resent [Kingston, September 7, 1741] 

Coll Abraham Gaesbeek [Chambers?] 
Cap*. Edward Whitaker 
Maj r . Johannis Hardenbergh 
M r . Jacob Ten Brock 
Coll Gilbert Livingston Supervisor 
M r . Jan Van Dueson 
Cap 1 . John Sleght 
M r . Corn lls New kerk Supervisor 

The Esopus Indians haveing desired meeting of the Justices 
Nachnawachena alias Sander Chief Sachim together with 



Hakawaremin 
Qualaghquninjou ' 
Walagaghin 



under Sachims & 23 
Indians more besides 
Squaas & Children 



1 See Tyrrell to Johnson, May 28, 1741. 
2 A. D. S. by G. Livingston. 



16 Sir William Johnson Papers 

The Indians being asked what they had to offer to the Justices 
and made answer that they Came only to Shak-hands & Renue 
the {friendship and gave three Small dear Skins Eight Rats & 
two minks and further Said they were a poor people & had no 
better present to make and they Expected that Each ought to 
assist the other. 

The Justices answered that they were glad that they Came to 
Renue the peace which has been kept all along by the ancestors 
and [ ] then that if [ ] 

knowledge of any Enemys [ ] that they shall 

acquaint us [ ] Shall doe to them if we know 

[ ] to hurt them to which they all agreed 

The Sachims Shewed the Articles of peace made in writting 
by our ancestors which they promissed to observe on their part 
and the Justices promissed also to observe on their parts. 

The Indians Said they Intended to Come next Spring to 
Renew the peace again and they were answered that when they 
wanted to speake with the Justices that they ought first to Send 
a messenger to know when it would Suit the Justices that they 
may acquaint the Justices that live Remote 

The Justices & Supervisors gave the Indians a present of Eight 
pounds Eight Shillings & Six pence 

Ordered that the Indians have a Copy of these proceedings 
A True Copy Examined 

^ GIL: LIVINGSTON Clerk 



FROM WILLIAM CORRY 
A. L. S. 

Schenectite June p e 4* 1742 
*] expected you [ ] 

settle our Affairs, as I spoke [to ] I suppose 

he let you know. It is [ ] I'to settle our own 

affairs then to trouble [ ] or y e Law Them 



Several lines missing. 



Period of Settlement, / 7 38-17 44 17 

y* Really wish Prosperity [ ] Either }f us, wish 

it to us boath and your End[ ] put y e best face on 

y r . Story, and I likewise upon [Mine ] f'eally a 

lessening to us boath in y e Eyes of y m . y* have regard for us, and 
I see nothing to hinder our adjusting it our selves I assure you 
I think I have no reason to be asham'd of Laying this affair before 
a Court of Justice, but I shall be griev'd if Ever M r . Johnstons 
affairs and mine Shall Trouble a Jury Pray take my advice 
in this affair, and you will find y r advantage in it, which is, Come 
to Schonectide on Sunday Next and I will Meet you at M r . 
Nixons, or come and take Share of what Dinner we have, and 
Heartily Welcome and let us talk over Every thing and trey to 
settle it ourselves or let it Intirely alone untill your Uncle Comes, 
who you soon Expect in this country, and then don't Mention 
upon hon r . one word of the affair to him untill you let me know 
and I will before you let him know y e whole affair in my Favour; 
and you in y r . Favour, and if he Says proseed against me, do you 
proseed, if not, he will Settle it himself, This Sir I think y e Most 
Prudent Method for us boath^ Therefore if you think it best 
for ourselves to meet upon it, come down on Sunday, if to Leave 
y e affair before y r Uncle, I am content or if Nothing but common 
Law will Satisfie you, let me know it, and I shall Make my best 
defence, which I hope is not y e Coarse you will take, y e Money 
you advanc'd with y e Goods in my absence is out of the Question, 
That I shall pay as [ ] very sorry it 

is so long [ ] we have sold some Goods, but I 

assure [ ] five pounds in Cash, I have five 

Serv ls . [ ] Ever way Money comes in first, 

it shall go [ ] you know Sir, y e greatest Incon- 

venience y l can [ ] you in regard to y m . peoples 

Money is your [ ing] out of it a Little time, as you 

tell to all my Friends you trusted y m . people in respect to me, 
pray Shew it by y r Indulgence to y m , and believe me M r Johnson 
y 1 your Intrest and Mine leys more in Strengthening Each other 
then in oppressing ; So Pray let us End this affair, and be to Each 



18 Sir William Johnson Papers 

other as we Ever have been, y* it is my desire and Inclination so 
to do I assure you by this letter. Which with y e respects of 
this Family Please to accept of from 

y r Most Obed'. humbl Serv*. 

WlLL M . CORRY 



FROM HYDE CLARKE 

A. L. S. 
DR SR Oswego May [19, 1743] 

Your favour I rec'd and am heartily glad you are in health 
for I long'd much to have heard from you in this remote place 
I have safely rec'd y e . things you sent me but can't promiss as yet 
to let you have any of my peltry till I have settled Acc ts with 
M r . Holland & then please God what I shall have occasion of I 
shall repair to you if I have my health. D r . S r . As a stranger 
to y e . place according to your desire have spoke to y e best of my 
ffriends for advice for your intrest in this place which is M r . 
x Peters he says if you send a batoe up you'll be y e . looser for y e . 
Trade decays much especially this year. I have wrote to M r . 
Holland to send me 3 or 4 hogsheads of Rum up for I have dis- 
bursted many Barrells of y e . Handlers to y e . Soldiers & Indians 
so if he won't doe it I desire y e . favour of you to [ is] 

stead pray show him [ ] it answer my request 

[ ] me to be your most sincere ffriend & 

affectionate reposer HYD CLARK 

PS 

M r . Peters which is a real friend of yours heartily returns you 
his most sincere thanks for your good Assistance in reccommend- 
ing his son to Cap*. Warren on board his Ship he least of thought 
of his son being there unknown to him in his absence but is much 
obldg d . to you for your Civility he remembers his Compliments 
to you & believe y e . Same from your Sincere affectionate Loving 
ffriend to Command. Doc r . Kerr likewise 

HYDE CLARKE 
(Late af Night) 






Period of Settlement, 1738-1744 19 

D R . S R . The Doc r , Desires y e favour you will send the things 
he wrote for he's in great need 
ADDRESSED: To William Johnson Esq. at Mount Johnson 

FROM HYDE CLARKE 

An undated letter from Hyde Clarke, following the above in the 
Johnson Calendar, was destroyed in the fire. 

SUMMONS EROM COMMISSIONERS OF INDIAN AFFAIRS 

D. S. 

To M R . WILLIAM JOHNSON: 

Whereas Information Hath been made to us that you have 
Sent Rum and Strowds for sale to the french or Indians contrary 
to the Tenor Intent and meaning of an Act of Generall Assembly 
of the Colony of New York Entituled an act for Supporting the 
Garrison at osweego & To Regulate the furr trade in the County 
of albany passed "in the Sixteenth year of his present majesties 
Reign and We haveing also Just Cause to Suspect you to have 
Acted Contrary to the Said Act Wherefore by Virtue of the 
power to us Given by the Said Act of Generall assembly you 
are hereby required and Commanded personnally to be and ap- 
pear before us John de peyster and Philip Livingston Junior at the 
dwelling house of Either of us in the first ward of the City of 
Albany at or within fourteen days after this summons Shall be 
personnally served upon you or Left at your usual place of abode 
To make oath of the full Quantity of Strowds or other Cloaths 
Rum or other distilled Liquors you have Sent Carried or trans- 
ported for Sale to the Indians or french since the first day of 
November Last Contrary to the Intent and meaning of Said Act 
& hereof fail not upon penalty as by Said Act is directed Given 
under our hands and Seals in Albany the Twenty Second day 
of July in the Seventeenth year of his Majesties reign 1 743 

JN DE PEYSTER [Seal] 
PHIL LIVINGSTON JUN R / [Seal] 

1 Philip Livingston jr, signer of the Declaration of Independence, born 
1716 at Albany, died 1778 at York, Pa. commissioner of Indian affairs 
1742-45. 



20 Sir William Johnson Paper* 

BOND WITH JUDGMENT FROM GEORGE SWAN 
D. S. 

Know all Men by these presents that I George Swan of 
Albany, in the County of Albany, and Province of New York 
Trader am holden and firmly bound unto William Johnson of 
Mount Johnson in the County & Province aforesaid Merchant, in 
the Sum of five hundred thirty nine pounds four Shillings & 8 
pence Current Lawful money of the Colony of New York, to be 
paid to the Said W m . Johnson, his Certain Attorney, Executors, 
Adm rs ., or Assigns, to the which payment well & truly to be 
made & done, I bind myself my heirs Execu rs . & Adm rs . firmly 
by these presents, Sealed w th . my Seal & dated this first Day of 
August In the 1 7 th . year of his Majesties Reign, Annoque 
Domini 1743 

The Condition of this Obligation is such that if the above 
bounden George Swan his heirs Exec", or Adm rs . Shall well 
and truly pay or Cause to be paid unto the above named W m . 
Johnson, his Certain Attorney, heirs, Exec", or Adm". the Just 
and full Sum of two Hundred & Sixty nine pounds twelve & foui 
pence Current Money aforesaid, and that on or before the first 
Day of May now next Ensueing the date hereof, without fraud 
Covin or further delay, then this obligation to be void, and of 
none Effect, otherwise to be and remain in full force and virtue. 

GEORGE SWAN [Seal] 
Signed Sealed and Delivered 
in the presence of us: 
Dan 1 : Coughlan 
W m . Printy Jun 

To Joseph Murray, W m . Smith, John Chambers, Evert Wen- 
dall, Gilbert Livingston, & Edward Collins. Gentlemen Attor- 
neys at Law, or any other Attorney at Law within the Province 
of New York, these are to request and authorize you or any of 
you the Persons above named, or any other Attorney at Law, in 
Court of record in the s d . Province to appear for me in any of 
the s d . Courts at any time after the date hereof, at the suit of 



Period of Settlement, 1738-1744 21 

W m . Johnson in an action of Debt on a bond for two Hundred 
and Sixty nine pounds twelve and four pence to receive a 
Declaration against me for the aforesd Sum, and thereupon Con- 
fess Judgement and Suffer it to pass and be entered up against 
me by Non Sum Informatus Nihil dicit, or otherwise for the 
above mentioned Sum, besides Cost of Suit in any of the Courts 
afores d . and this to you or any or Either of You Shall be y r 
Sufficient Warrant, Witness my hand, & Seal this first Day of 
August in the 1 7 th year of his Majesties Reign, 
annoqz Domini 1 743. 

GEORGE SWAN [Seal] 

Signed Sealed & Delivered 
in the presence of us: 
Dan 1 . Coughlan. 
W m . Printy Jur 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Bond w th . Judgement from George 

Swan. Cond n . 269 . . 12 . .4 



FROM SUSAN WARREN 1 
A. L. S. 

New York April y 21 *< 1744 
D R . BILLY 

I rec d y r favour this day, of y e 2 d of aprill & one before, which 
I should have answerd, but my sore afflictions made me incape- 
able. the Loss of my two Dear Children hangs still very heavy 
on me, as does the Loss of your mother, whose Death I much 
Lement. I have a leter from y r . Father, who says she dyed ye 
26 th of January of a tedious decay occasioned by a Cholick and 
ague, he complains that you dont write to him, I am an unfit 
person at present to mention this malencholy affair to y u , for I 
have not spirits to give y u any Comfort but I hope allmighty 
God the great disposer of all things will Comfort you I had 



1 The wife of Sir Peter Warren, British admiral, was Susan DeLancey, 
sister of Chief Justice James DeLancey. 



22 Sir William Johnson Papers 

a leter from y r uncle last week who I thank God was well y e 
6 th of march & I expect him soon, so can only add that I wish 
you all health & prosperity & be assured I am w* sincerely 

Y r affectionate aunt, 

S WARREN 

My 2 litle girls are very well 
ADDRESSED: For M r William Johnson att Albany 

TO EDWARD COLLINS 
A. L. 5. 

Mount Johnson May 29 ih 1744 
M R COLLINS 
S*. 

I desire the favour you will let me know whether you have 
done in that affair concerning the Certiorari, as you promised 
me, and whether I cant Stay at home next Court, only send the 
Serv ts . down because I cant well go from the house, there will 
be so many Indians comeing down which in my absence would 
be apt to do a great deal of Mischief. Y r . Answer will oblige 
S r . Y r . Most Humble Serv*. 

W M . JOHNSON 
INDORSED 1 : Given to me at Utica, 

February 11, 1871 by Governor Seymour 

; 

FROM THOMAS BUTLER 
A. L. S. 

<0su;ego, Sept. 16 th , 1744> 
<DEAR SIR 

I wrote]> you a few Days <ago 3$ the bearer, of this who> 
was then Going home <but since has return'd. I gave> you 
some Small ace*, of the French being on their way hith r . but 
find since <it hath been> a false Alarm. I dont now in the 
least <suspeckt> that this place will be atacked, as <the 
Nations Seem to have it at Heart. 



1 In an unknown hand. 



Period of Settlement, 1738-1744 23 

I wrote to you for a battoe of <^Goods^> which I hope you'l 
please to send me this fall. I woud not have entred more than 
half the rum. I thought it wou'd be inconvenient for you to Send 
two Battoes. So have now wrote to Albany for one. As I 
dont fear selling y m . both I owe Hend k . Hanson for his trip in 
y e . Spring, if you can pay him in your way Shall be oblidged 
to you. if your Goods Shou'd be Come over wou'd have you to 
send me such things as is fitting for winter for Indians. My f ath r . 
Desires his Humb 1 . Servis to you. I am D r . Sir 

y r . Most obed 1 . Serv*. 

THO S . BUTLER 
Blanketts are Dear however 
pray send a p s . of a 4 y d . p s . 

ON VERSO: To Miss Mary Butler 1 

att the Mohawks Country 

FROM THOMAS BUTLER 
A. L. S. 

Osnego Sept r . 23:1744 
DEAR SIR 

Since my last nothing of moment has happened here. I wrote 
to you for some Goods which I hope wont fail comeing, as I 
think here will be no danger from Our Neighbours the 
french. I hope You'l not forgett me about the Cagg butter. I 
must beg the favour you'l furnish both battoe [s] with meet. 
I have wrote to M r . Stevenson for 2 baggs bread you 1 pleas to 
Send me An invoice of all the things now, and what I had before 
youl pleas to Consult with My Broth r . about the hands. My 
Fath r . desires His Humble Servis to You. all are well here 
but will I fear very Soon want provisions. I conclude 

Dr Sr y. Obliged Frind and Humb 1 . Serv*. 

THO S . BUTLER 

1 This letter was probably sent first to Mary Butler, inclosed with other 
letters. 



4 



24 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Pleas To Send me 200 of y r . role tobacco or more. I need 
it much. 

ADDRESSED: M r . William Johnson, 

Merch*. att Mount Johnson 



FROM EDWARD HOLLAND 
A. L. S. 

<Wen> York, January tf 15 th 1744/5> 
<D R SlR>: 

I have your favour <of y e 28 th past with your two> Letters 
for London which <^I have forwarded, and have also agreeable 
to your request bought a fine> Bolting Cloth for you <and at 
a fine price, To witt]> Seven pounds as you will See by the 
< Inclosed bill> of Parcells, I Chaff er'd as much, as if it <had 
been for> my self. You Say you are Sorry I Sold your 
<Skins> as they are rising & that M r . Duane sold <some of> 
the same sort for 4/3 if they were of the <same sort,> he has 
not let the People that bought them <see> them, for I do 
ashure you those I had were Exceeding bad. M r . Duane was 
Present when I sold them <]& not]> for money neither. I shall 
according to your Desire <send> the bolting Cloth by the post 
& shall Let you <^at^> the foot of this know what you must pay 
for it, I Just now Sent for the Post, but he was not at home. I 
have sent to Boston for the News paper, the Philadelphia Post, 
(the last time he Came) left the Paper behind him. I now send 
you the New York Evening post, 1 which I have only taken for 
you yesterday, the other papers as they Come to hand & oppor- 
tunitys offer Shall Send them you. Wheat Sells now from 3/1 
to 3/3 p r . bushell; Pease ab*. 3/6 p r . bushell. Your Uncle 
Warren is arrived at Barbadoes & in his way theither has taken 
Two French Privateers. Cap*. Frankland has taken a Spanish 



1 Published by Henry Deforest, Memorial History of the City of New 
York, 4:136. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 25 

Ship worth as its Said Two hundred thousand pounds Sterling & 
Carried her to South Carolina, this at present is all the News 
Stirring Except of the Terrible Hurricane that was lately at 
Jamaica Mentioned in the paper. I Salute you & wish you a 
great many happy New Years & Conclude, 

Sr. Your most humble Serv*. 

ED D : HOLLAND 
P. S. agreed for 1 2 sh s . for the 
Bolting Cloth 

ADDRESSED: <To M r . William Johnson Merch 1 

Near the Mohawk Country 
To be Left with Serg 1 . Miller At Albany. > 

^ 
FROM EDWARD COLLINS 

A. L. S. 

Albany y. 16* Jarfy 1744/5 

D*S*. 

Councellor Curry has applyed to Our Clerk for a Copy of 
the proceedings in Your Action Ag l him, Sayes he'll work Won- 
ders, remove it to N. York & get Back his money, of All which 
I am in no Shape at the Least apprehensive, but an A s will 
bray, however this as a Caution to you to be Carefull of all your 
papers relating the Action Especially one Lett r in particular. 

I am D r S r Y r to serve 

ED: COLLINS 

ADDRESSED : To William Johnson at Mount Johnson 

JOHN RUTHERFURD TO WALTER BUTLER 
A. L. S. 

F l William Jam 31 1744/5 
SIR 

I'm glad to see by yours to the Commissioners that all seems 
well with you at Oswego. I desire you'l send me down by first 
opportunity an account of Arms Stores &c that you have now in 



26 SrV William Johnson Papers 

the Garrison with your opinion of what may further needfull 
there, that I may be able to fullfill the Governours instructions 
for my prepareing an Estimate of what reparations & stores are 
necessary for the Garrisons in this County to be laid befor the 
Council & Assembly this Spring ; if you can have no other oppor- 
tunity and any soldier offer to come down allow them, which I 
fancy may happen upon being assured he shan't be obliged to 
return. I beg my Compliments to Cap* Lindesay, Doctor Ker, 
your Son & all acquaintances with you & am Sir 

Your most obed* humble servant 

JOHN RUTHERFURD 

ADDRESSED: On His Majesty's Service To Captain Butler at 

Oswego 
INDORSED: Cap*. John Rutherfurd, Fort William, to Capt. 

Butler, Oswego, calling for an account of arms Stores, &c 

TO EDWARD COLLINS 1 
FROM EDWARD COLLINS 

A. L. S. 
DR g R Albany y 15 Mar 1744/5 

I r d yours by your man, ye usage you have met with it deserves 
presentment and as I have told you before and y l so often over & 
over that I Cannot See those Gent n Can in any shape oblige you 
to pay their Costs, Without Some speciall promise or undertakeing 
of y r . Own which you will and always have denyed to me. As to 
y r . Beaswax, Miller as your factor is Answerable to you if he Acts 
Contrary to y r . orders, but I believe the best way will be to Sue 
Livingston in y r . Name. Your man pressing me to be going I 
have now not time Enough to Consult my Books thoroughly which 
shall be done before you Come down. I shall fall upon it today ; 
I have Currey's Lett r safe. I don't think you should trouble 
your head about what he writes, he has no business with you 

1 See letter to Collins, page 451, which should be here. It was 
erroneously dated in the Burton collection. See also first letter in appendix 
to this volume. 



King Georges War, 1 7 44-1 7 48 27 

but to pay you for what he owes the sword especially. I shall 
say no more till we have a Meeting which wish may be soon. 
Mean while believe me to be yours to serve and am 

Y r . most humble S r . 

ED COLLINS 

When you come down remember my Nelsons Justice, I suppose 
you dont use it much & I have none of the [sort?] 

ADDRESSED : To W m . Johnson att Mount Johnson 



FROM EDWARD HOLLAND 1 
A. L. S. 

<Albany, April 6* 1745> 
SIR 

I have since I came <home overlooked > all my papers about 
the Curacoa <^Acc ts . but^> cannot find them I have either lost 
them <or mislaid> them. We have an Ace* that the 
Em<^perour is^> dead what turn that will give to <^ Affairs in^> 
Europe is uncertain. Captain Warren is expected to be on this 
New England < Expedition. > Cap*. Rutherford is expected 
up <^ hourly with]> his family I am Sir 

Your <most h ble . Serv*. 

ED D . HoLLAND> 

Post S: Since my writing the above Cap* Rutherford is come & 
has bro't Cap* Butlers Commission with him for Comissary & 
one for you <^to be> a Justice of the Peace he <says> the 
Gov r . is to be here <this Summer. > 

ADDRESSED: <To M r . William Johnson, Merchant, at Mount 
Johnson. > 



1 Edward Holland held offices as mayor of Albany, commissioner of 
Indian affairs, member of the council and a mayor of New York. 



28 Sir William Johnson Papers 



JOHN RUTHERFURD TO WALTER BUTLER 

Vw A. L. S. 

Albany 9th Aprile, 1745 
To CAPT BUTLER 
SIR 

I had the pleasure of yours of the 7 of March while I was at 
New York & delivered yours to The Governour; He thought 
the few things you write for as necessary at present for the 
Garrison may be supply ed from Albany out of the money 
allowed for incidents, soe I shall talk with Mr Philip Livingston 
Jun r & Mr De Peister about them and see what money they have 
left of it in their hands. As to Rum, Pipes &c I desired The 
Governour would try to get The Assembly to settle some yearly 
sum for that purpose & shall put him in mind of it when I write 
to him next, but whither he may succeed will be uncertain, For 
the Assembly seems ill disposed to raise money at present allmost 
on any account. I arrived here only yesterday from New York 
& write you this in a hurry that I mayn't lose this opportunity of 
sending you up your Commissions of Peace & Commissary that 
I brought from New York. The Boston expedition against Cape 
Breton bids fair for success The New England people were 
embarked The Connecticut people just a goeing & Capt Warren 
in a sixty Gun ship with two fourty Gun ships &c. in his way 
from the West Indies to join them. The Emperor's * Deathe & 
change of Ministry in England 2 will no doubt furnish us with 
much news next ships. I shall ask Mr. Stevenson for Smith's 
order & pay it him. Serjt. Trivet & three more of my Men wrote 
for some little trifles. I have given their letter to the Mayor who 
will send them by first opportunity. I should be Glad to hear 
from you that you don't desire to be relieved yourself next Fall 



1 Charles VII, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. 

2 November 24, 1 744 John Carteret, Earl of Granville, virtual head 
of the Wilmington ministry, left when it was reorganized under Pelham. 



King Georges War, 1744-1 748 29 

& please write me which of His Excellency's Men & Mine 
desires to be relieved & who will willingly stay another Year. 

I am Sir ^ L j t o 

Your most obed 1 oerv*, 

JOHN RUTHERFURD 

INDORSED: Cap*. Jn. Rutherfurd 1745. 

JOHN RUTHERFURD TO WALTER BUTLER 
A. L. S. 

Albany 25* Aprile 1745. 
OIR 

/I have received yours of the 1 3th Inst & Kelley is accordingly 
arriv'd. I wish you had kept him & punished him at Oswego for 
his Insolence to the Officers, as to his religion he professes him- 
self of the Church of England w ch is enough to us Soe long as his 
Conversation or Actions don't show the Contraryy^I'm sorry you 
should want so many now of the Detachment at Oswego but as 
A part if not the whole must be relieved by August next 'tis not 
worth to reinforce you unless The Governour orders me to whom 
I have wrote about it. I gave Phil: Livingston, Jun r my last 
letters to forward to you by Tydie, in which I inclosed your 
Commission of Peace & order to be Commissary which I hope 
came safe to hand. I expect You'l Chuse to Continue another 
year or soe as I'm persuaded 'twill be more advantage to you 
than Fort Hunter. Let me know how many of the Men belong- 
ing to Albany will chuse to stay & whom you desire to have 
relieved. If you Continue at Oswego write me if I should put 
your son on the rolls again porting him on your party at Oswego 
where I reckon he will be coming & goeing while you remain 
there. I have given the Note of Necessarys for the Garrison You 
wrote for to Mess rs De Peyster and Livingston who will send 
you what they can get of them here by next opportunity except 
Powder & ball. If Trivet misbehaves why dont you punish him 

Your most obed 1 humble servt 

JOHN RUTHERFURD 

ADDRESSED: To Captain Butler Commandant at Oswego. 



30 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM EDWARD COLLINS 

A. L. S. 

Sunday Afternoon [May 26, 7745] 
D R . S* 

I have Wrote You before for our side Concerning y e people 
near you, but at present I must press you to write a Letter to 
Harme Grote, Cornelis Grote & Joh s : Veeder to Vote Arent 
Bratt In this Election & pray Send a Lett r by the barer to those 
people to that purpose, I send the barer on purpose & I am S r 

Y Always 

ED COLLINS 

N B here is news from boston which is to be credited that the 
strongest forte at Cabetoon 1 is teken. 

N B the Election here is y e 1 4 th . of June, at Albany I can't tell 
P S a Line to Gerrit V. Antwerpe your taylor will do good E. C. 

ADDRESSED: To M r . William Johnson This 

FROM PIETER VAN ALEN AND ROBERT SANDERS 2 

Albany May 27 1745 
M R : WILLIAM JOHNSON 
S R : 

I Arrived here the day before Yesterday & According To 
my promise I send you these lines to let you know that wheat 
sells in York from 3/4 to 3/6 ^ Bushell Common flour 10/ 
^ O: Super fine from 13/ to 15/ $ O: pease 4/6 ^ Bushell 
for your Governm 1 : I will Begin to take in your flour This after- 
noon or tomorrow morning In order to sail by Wednesday or 
tursday Next if you have any Commands for me please to let 
<^me> know by that time as for News we have that y e Royall 
Eatery at Cape Brittune is Taken & in The English possession 
is the present needful from who am 

S r : Y r : most obliged Hum: Serv*: 

PIETER VAN ALEN 



"Cape Breton [?]. 

2 L. S. of Van Alen and A. L. S. of Sanders. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 31 

P: S: no News of our Last fall London Ships arrival we have 
news from London 7 weeks after they Sailed from here & not 
one of y e three was then yet arrived God Sends & give us the 
Best I hope. 1 1 o Clock Just now arrived y r : first wagons with 
pease Please to accept my offers of service from 

S r : Y'lHumrServ': 

ROB T : SANDERS 

ADDRESSED: To M r : William Johnson Merch': at or Near 
fort Hunter Tughtenonda * These 
ty M r : Koster 
QDC 2 

FROM EDWARD HOLLAND 
A. L. S. 

; York, Je y 7 ih 1745> 



DEAR SIR: 

I Rec d yours of ye <20 th past, with the Hogsh d of Peltry> 
& boundle of Skins which <are Shipt on board of the^> Ante- 
lope, who I dont believe will Sail<this Month, > M r Walters 
being Determin'd not <to let her go *till> he Can have 2 or 3 
opportunitys to write home for Insurance. You forgot to set 
down <the mark^> & number of them in your Letter, as I 
<would always^ have you do. I have Stored your flower 
<]as there is^> no freight to be had at Present for Cura<^coa 
or any> where Else Except for Ten Ton to Jama<ica which > 
I had Engag'd for my Self in a fine <^Barmuda Sloop ^> before 
your flower Came down. I shall keep <^mine^> out & send 
yours. I would not have you for the future send such a large 
Quantity together nor above Eight or Ten Ton at a Time, freight 
being Scarse at Present, nither would I have you Confine me to 
any Particular Market, as they very frequently Vary You may 



1 Chuctenunda, W. M. Beauchamp, Aboriginal Place Names of New 
York, P. 122, 127. 

2 Quern Deus Conducat. 



32 Sir William Johnson Papers 

rest asshured that I shall Consult your Interest in the same Manner 
as I would my own therefore would have you to Let me Judge 
for you in that Case where to send it to The next flower you send 
mark them on the Bilge in this manner N. WI . . 1 & so forth, the 
Tare on the head thus 1 T 8 . The brand also on the bilge towards 
one of the Ends which is the Common Method. 

I now send you 20 magazines, Cost Twenty ShilK & your 
News Papers which Contain all thats Stirring Except that we 
had an ace* yesterday by a Sloop from Rhode Island that Com- 
modore Warren has taken off of Cape Britton a French Sixty 
Gun Ship with a Thousand BarrK of Powder & 800 Men we 
make no doubt but the ace*, is true & I hope we shall have the 
Confirmation of it to Morrow by the Post. I wish you Pros- 
perity & am Yours &c. 

ED D . HOLLAND 

P. S. There is one barr 1 . of the flower wanting, which I suppose 
Peter Left behind him. Your interest in the <^com^>ing elec- 
tion at Shonectady for a Representitive is Desir'd for your 
hum<ble> Serv 1 . 

E. H. 

ADDRESSED: <To M r . William Johnson Merch* at Mount 
Johnson > 



JOHN RUTHERFURD TO WALTER BUTLER 
A. L. S. 

Albany II* June 1745 

SIR 

Yours of the 30 th of May came to hand yesterday, by which 
I'm glad to see you live in a good Correspondence with all the 
Indians & that trade goes so well on. I would only advise you 
not to give too many presents to these Indians in hopes of being 
repaid, for the last Assembly seemed so little disposed to Grant 
money either for the Interest or honour of the Country that there's 



King Georges War, 1 744-17 48 33 

no trusting to the next untill we once see what Men are chosen, tr 
Mess" De Peyster and Livingston who are to send the Neces- * 
sarys you wrote for excuse their not haveing sent them, from 
their haveing been obliged to send for Grinding stones &c. from 
New York./- I observe what you write to Doctor Shuckburgh & 
have not the least doubt but the Governour will continue you 
Commissary as long as you remain at Oswego, for when I asked 
for your last Commission he ordered it to be wrote out directly & 
said he was resolv'd himself to give it you befor ever he was 
spoke to about it & seemed resolved The officer here should 
always have it. 

I desire you would write His Excellency yourself relateing to 
whatever you think properest about relieving the party under your 
Command, for I shall doe nothing relateing to A garrison at so 
great a distance, that it can't be supposed 'tis in my power to take 
any charge or care of, without His Excellency's Express orders 
in every particular. I have no doubt but the Next Assembly will 
impower the Governor to come up here in August when he will 
probably give orders about all affairs of that kind; But should 
we be successful in reducing Cape Breton which, (after takeing A 
Battery upon an Island in the entry into the Harbour & The 
Grand Battery opposite The Harbours Mouth, both which we 
are now in possession of) I don't doubt but we shall soon have 
accounts of, & should some more ships & Men arrive from Eng- 
land as expected, I shall desire you may be relieved that I may 
have your assistance in case of any thing to be done this way. I 
am Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant, 

JOHN RUTHERFURD . . 

ADDRESSED : To Lieutenant Walter Butler Commandant at 
Oswego 

INDORSED : Cap*. Rutherfurd June 1 745 Letter. 
2 



34 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM SILVESTER FERRALL 
A. L. S. 

[Halifax, June 16, 1745] 

I 

to any of [ 

I make bo [ 

you will be kind enough [ 

I wrote you in my former [ 

at Boston, and likewise what [ 

And that I had not gott into any [ 

of a New Governor been expected [ho ] [ 

for this place, so that till he ariv [ ] lyhood 

of any buisness been Carry 'd o[n] [ ]ing, 

for as the present Governor is making [ ] 

his return to London everything in this pla[ ] 

a stand, As for my part I have not enTd one [ 

since I came to the Colloney, Yet I did everything [ 

power to gett into some kind of buisness in [ 

gett an honest and genteel livelyhood, its true [ 

had several premisses, and Still have the Same [ 

Several of the gentlemen here, that as soon a [ 

of the Kings woorks begins to go forward, that I s[ 

be provided for, that's fullfilling the old Pr[ 

Live horse and y u . shall gett grass, so that I Cant expect any 

relief till Such time as Coll: Hopson 1 [ ]the New 

Governor Arives, and then but a Chance, for tis generally the 

Custom with New Governors to hav[e ] followers, You may 

belive that I am a good deal in debt for my dyet and lodging 

Since I ariv'd here which is neer nine months, besides washing 

and other Expencess, so that if I be not reliv'd in a short time, I 

Shall be oblig'd to Sell my Cloaths and return to New: York, I 

am inform'd by Several in this place that there is two Gentlemen 

of my Name that Lives at Monseratt, they have great Planta- 



1 Peregrinus Thomas Hopson. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 35 

tions, and are vastly rich and Keep a great Number of Negroes 
and has no Children, they likewise inform me that they Came 
from Waterford in Irland, they advise me to go to them, and 
that I need not fear been well provided for, I have often herd 
my father Say that he had a brother and two Nephews that went 
from Irland when Young and that they were Setl'd in Some of 
the Island 8 , there about so that its like it may happen to be some 
of their Children, If I had where with to go there I dont doubt 
but it might turn to my advantage, but I shall wait y r . advise what 
I shall do in this affair, M r Cartright Informs me that you have 
Setled y r . affairs in New York to your Satisfaction, the which 
gave me pleasure [ ] 

[ ] [ ] in know other [wise] 

but by your advise [ ] ise y u . 

made me at parting [ ] I wou'd 

Send a parcel of flower & c [ ] 

dependence on any <P son in America [ ] 

[ ] our, I Conclude with my best wishes for [ ] 

and remain sr 

Y r . Oblig'd, Sincere, well wish r . and huble Serv*. to Command 

SILV R . FERRALL 

ADDRESSED: To The Hon ble . WilK Johnson Esq r . at Mount 

Johnson, at the Mohocks in the County of Albany 
To be forwarded by M r . Henry Hanson Merch 1 . at New York 

FROM ROBERT SANDERS 
A. L. S. 

<Albany June 19 1745> 
<M R . WILLIAM JOHNSON,> 

S* 

Your <Kind favour of yesterday I have this]> Day 
received and am Sorry I had <not the honour of seeing you> 
at my house when you was last in Town. <^My honoured 
father^ Had alrady as well as y r . favour acquainted 



36 Sir William Johnson Papers 

thereof But> Hope whenever your Business Calls you < again 
to Town &> you pleased to honour me with y r . Visit, That 
<I may be at> Home, His Majesties writ of Subpoena did at 
that <^time^> Require me to be at Dutches County to appear 
there ye <1 1 Inst.^> Before the Chief Justice, who I heard say 
that he had rec d . a <Letter> Very Lately then from Mad m : 
Warren who wrote that she <had> Lately rec d . a Letter of 
Comondore Warren, who wrote her <^that they^> Had taken a 
french Ship of 64 Guns Richly laden with <amunition> and 
2 or 3 Years pay for the Soldiers at Canada & Cape Breton & 
That he hoped to be with her in Boston within a month. 

We have further News here that the french & Spanyards Have 
Declared warr against the Duch w ch : Is Very apparent & if So 
the General oppenion of Experient Treadors Is that flower & 
wheat must then fall Considerable for your Governm* if not True 
then will flour sell well in y e . west Indians at Curacoa flower is 
at present 2 Styv & 1 7d tes * ^ B in J arnica 35/ Common & fine 
457 to 507 the Bar 1 , fine price But great Risque. In New York 
the prise of wheat & flour Continues But Very low Small pease 
4/3 & Large 4/6 the Extent Believe wont sell so this Trip. 

I am thankfull & much obliged to you for y r . kind offer to Join 
in Trade with you at this time, But assure you Is as my father 
Told you that I am Bear of Indian Goods at this time & Do not 
Expect Many this year, Since we in General almost Sustained 
a Considerable Loss in Cap*. Griffiths, for my part I did pritty 
Considerable & hope not so at y r . side for it falls hard, & 
observed you stood or would Stand in Need of 200 Dollars if I 
Could furnish you therewith, In answer Thereto I say, Send as 
soon as you want them, by a Secure hand & I shall send them to 
you if I hant then I will provide them for you I have sent to a 
friend in York to Exchange me some 3$ Van Allen & have some 
In the house too But are partly Engaged with 2 Treadors here 
to furnish them Each with 100 or two at half proffitt & would 
fullfill my promise to Them, However send as soon as you want 



1 The signs used apparently refer to Dutch coins, the stuiver and duit. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 37 

them by a Secure hand and they shall be sent you By him who 
offers to you the <Best> of his Service here & Remains with 
kind Salutation to you and all y rs . S r . 

Y r . most Hum: Serv*. 

ROB T . SANDERS 



: In hast, ye bearer on ye^>wing if you should want more 
let know 

ADDRESSED: To M r . William Johnson Merch 1 : at Mount 
Johnson, These ^ Q:D:C: 



FROM EDWARD HOLLAND 
A. L. S. 

New York J^e y 25"'. 7745 
DEAR SIR. 

I rec d . yours with M rs Warren*s Inclosed, which I shall for- 
ward with the Cask of Burks by the first opportunity. The two 
hogshd 8 you mention are on board of the Antelope, the bare 
skins not yet. Bryant may be Expected Every day. It's not 
known wheither Knox will come here or no. I have shipt all 
your flower to Jamaica, where I think is the best Markett & Least 
Danger. I hope you will approve of it, for my own part I don't 
ship to any other place at Present [but]. All the news that's 
Stirring you will finde in the Inclosed Papers. I finde there has 
been tough work at Shonectady. I am sorry you was Pre- 
ingaged. I hope Still to Defeat my Antagonist, for I have this 
day sent up a Petition to the house [for] to have a Scrutiny. 
Pray let me know what I must do with the ropes you sent down 
& believe that I am Sr. 

Your most ob l Serv* 

ED D : HOLLAND. 

ADDRESSED: To M r William Johnson Merch*. at Mount 
Johnson To be Left with Serg 1 . Miller at Albany 



38 Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM EDWARD HOLLAND 
A. L. S. 

[Nerv York, J" '745] 

I rec'd yours of y e . 18 th . past p r . Peter Van Alen with the 
flower, which I think is very good & hope will arrive so at 
Curacao, where I have sent it on my own ace*, and have recom- 
mended it in the Strongest Manner for a good Character. I have 
allowed you nine shilk a hundred, which is the highest price for 
any flower that has not got an Establish'd reputation. Inclosed 
you have an order on my Brother for the money. Your method 
of drawing, your Weigh note is wrong, flower is always sold by 
the gross hundred so that the next you weigh must be according 
to y e . Inclosed Sketch. I have at last sold your Deer skins at 
Three ShilK & three pence p r . fl many of them being very 
ordinary. 

Bryant is arrived from London but brings no material news 
but what is in the papers, which I send to my Brother, who will 
forward them to you with this, the other Ships are hourly 
Expected, they were out of the Channel before Bryant with 
Convoy. Cap*. Rutherford & his Lady are on board Griffiths. 
Pray let me know wheither you have had a minde for the Boston 
& Philadelphia news papers. If you have I shall take them for 
you. Wheat sells now here for 3/1 p r . bushell & pease at 2/9; 
wheither it will rise or no I can't say, but if any alteration happens 
shall acquaint you therewith. I wish you health & remain, 

Dear Sir, Your humble Serv*. 

ED D : HOLLAND. 

ADDRESSED: To M r William Johnson Merchant at 

The Mohawks Country 
To the care of Henry Holland Esq r Albany 




SIR PETER WARREN 



King Georges War, f 744-1 7 48 39 

FROM JOHN DE PEYSTER 

A. L. S. 

M*. JOHNSON ' ' ' Auf.15.1745 

S R . 

As my Son in Law M r Volkert douw the bearer hereof 
Desires in a few days for boston & from thence if opertunity 
offers for Cape britton, Wherefor I begg the favour of you to 
give him a Letter of recommendation & of Creditt to Cap 1 War- 
ren if he Should have occasion for any, & what he Shall So 
receive I Shall be answerable to Cap* Warren or his order on 
Sight, or remitt it him in what he thinks proper. In which you'l 

much obledge, Sr. >/ L L o 

Your humb Sarv 1 . 

JN DE PEYSTER 

ADDRESSED: To M r . William Johnson Merch*. 
In the Mohaks Conty 



FROM JOHN CATHERWOOD 
A. L. S. 

New York [September 5, 7745] 
D R SIR 

There is one Jane Watson come from Your part of the 
Country who says she lived with You a servant, & is come now 
to this City, & this day has hired herself to His Ex? 8 . Lady. 

As she is a stranger she refers herself to you for a Character, 
& I beg Youl be so good to be genuine in it, with respect to her 
honesty & behaviour while with you. She says she came from 
Ireland a young Girl with her Uncle one Macky who lives 
[ ] Philadelphia. I beg You'l send me an Answer as 

soon as possible & believe me very truly Sir 

Your most Obed*. Hble Servant 

JN. CATHERWOOD 

The Commodore has had great success in Captures at Louisburg. 
His share at least will be above 20,0000 [?] 



40 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



TO JOHN ROBERTS 

A. L. S. 1 
[ 

Sent the o[ 
Castles, in order [ 
Indians as would [ 
Service, and have [ 

[ 

down Some of whom [ 

& Supply ed w th Everything requi [ 

for Such an Undertaking [ 

is now lost, and So m [ 

disapointments as thy meet w lh [ 

Make them [ ] [interest?] in the [ 

Moreover the french Indians [y]ou know are ever busay w th 

them & will now have time enough to Instill Severall th[ings] 

Into them which may be of [vast diss]ervice However I shall 

endeavour all in my pow[er] to keep them [ ]ead fast as 

possible and give them but little rest [ ] till thy do some 

thing that will sett [them &] the French & their Indians by the 

Ears, w h I hope will be done now by those [party ?]s I have 

and [w h .?] I Expect back in a few [d]ays. When I told You 

in Albany that Capt n : Shafers Con?, would not be Sufficient for 

the Defense of these frontiers, I belive you remember [ ] 

that you told me upon application you would send up, what was 

Deficient of 100 Men, beside his Excelley ordered the Same, 

Now this is to Acquaint you that there is not above half that 

number here in all [ Jherfore would desire the favour of 

you to send [ ] remd r . w h I think [ ] requisite for the 

Service of those [ ] and Settlements. Whenever there 

is occasion 



1 The upper right-hand corner of the manuscript is burned off and the 
rest is very faint. The manuscript is calendared 1 745, Oct. 24. 
2 Line or lines missing. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 41 

(The following is written in the margin) 

for any Indians to go down I should be glad of timely notice 
for it requires some time to Call them together liveing far distant 
from Each other, and on such Occasions thy must all Consult 
together being their Custom. I am 

S r - Y r . Verry Humble Serv nt . 

W M JO[HNSON] 



FROM WARREN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

^Portsmouth, Novemb r y. 5 th 1745.> 
MY D R BRO 

I am to acquaint you <that my Uncle > Warren, and Cozen 
Terrell <have sent for> me; and I am come to Portsmouth; 
<^and^> intend sailing every day in the Kinsale man of war 
Appointed as convoy to a Fleet of transports bound .for Cape 
Breton; The Cap ts name is Lofting; and has receivd his orders 
for sailing the first fair wind ; I can not readely express the trouble 
and concern it has given my father and all of us that we had not 
received one letter from you but one these four years I beg D r 
Bro; you will write to him oftner; it's reported here that my 
Uncle and his Lady are comeing home in the Superbe; but I 
hope it's not true; I beg D r . Bro; you will write to me to Cape 
Breton ; the Cap*, of the Kinsale says wee not get to Cape Breton 
this winter by ration of the frost; we will get to New york; So 
that I hope I Shall see you there. I conclude, My D r bro; 
y r ever loveing and Most Aff et : bro: 

WARREN JOHNSON 

ADDRESSED: To M r William Johnson 
at Mount Johnson in the County 
of Albany 



42 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM JAMES WILLSON 
A. L. S. 

Albany, Nov. [26, 7745] 
M R JOHNSON 
S* 

These are to aqufaint yo]u that [ ] well att 

Present [ ]ng these [ ] In the Same 

fa[ther] and mouther [ ]To Come Downe and 

Live here this [winter] Till These Troublesoom Times is a 
Little [ ] they have keept a Room a porpus for you 

a[ndf they beg that you would Send Down the besft] of your 
Things Directley & there is Room anouf for your Servants If 
you will bring them Down I would not have you to stay there 
for the french have told our Indi[ans] that they will have you 
Dead or alive [ ] that you are a Reallation of 

Captin War[ren] thier Great adveserey therefore I beg tha[t ] 
will not be too Stout If you will not [ ] Down your 

Self beg that you would Sen[d ] your boocks & papers and 
the best of yo[ ] I have this Day put the flower a 

board of [ ] Peter van alen I Send you here with 

the Mageseens pray Dont fail of Comeing Down father & 
mouther Joyns In Sending their Kind Love and Servis to you 
which is all att present from your most Hmbl Servent 

JAMES WILLSON 
ADDRESSED: To William Johnson Esq r 

att Mount Johnson 

and To be forwarded by M r . Craigg In Schanactedy 

These 

FROM ROBERT SANDERS 
A. L. S. 

<Albany, Novemb, 28 1745> 
<M R WILLIAM JOHNSON: 
S* 

I have rec d . your favour of the 23 Instant p r the> Bearor 
hereof. In obedience <O your Request therein shall^> herein 



King Georges War, 1 7 44-1 7 48 43 

give you as Brief & true <Acco l of that Unfortunate affair > 
which hapened on the 1 7 l Instant at Sarag<htogue. As I am 
Every > Other Night & day on the watch & my < house full 
people so> That I Cannot be at Large herein Vizt : < At Break 
of day or> an hour or two Before Day a Number of 409 French 
<& 220> Indians appeared & did Besett all the houses there, 
< Burnt &> Destroyed all that Came before them Left only 
one Sawmill Standing w ch . stood a Little out their way it seems, 
took along with them such Booty as they thought fit, Kilt & took 
Captives 100 or 101 persons Black & white I guise the Black 
most all prisoners & the Number of them Exceeds the Number 
of the white / The Unfortunate Cap 1 . Philip Schuyler was Kilt 
In this Barborous Action they say Certain true. hop<^e> He 
may Rather Be prisoner the Latter is not Believe<^d^> 

And as to Indian Blankets I have not one p s Neither Can I 
hear of any in town But 3/4 Garlix I have a few pieces of w ch 
would send you his But the prise You Limitt is 507 for w cK I 
Cannot afford them as the worst or Sheapest sort is alrady sold, 
So that if you should Like of 3 & 3 :5 p 8 : I Believe have some 
in Shop & will Send it you if you please to let know, The people 
here are affraid for a french Army this winter & have sent down 
a Bundence of goods to York so that some shops in town are 
Bare of goods a good many women are also gone down to Live 
this winter In York at P r sent some what in hast my Honoured 
father & self Join with our Kind Love & Respects to you I 
Remain S r 

Your friend well wisher & Very Humble Servant. 

ROB T : SANDERS 

ADDRESSED: To M r : William Johnson Merchant 
at Mount Johnson 
^ Q. D. C. 



Old style. 



44 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM JOHN LYNE 
A. L. S. 

Ljpnefcerrp Fefcrp j; e 25 7745/6 
SIR 

Your favour of ff eb : y e 181 rec d : yesterday w th : the Canister 
of tea & the Doactors Inclosd. 

Return you thanks fer y e news you write Me & likewise fer 
y e Nuse paper w ch : I Should have returnd but have sent it to 
M r Dunlap w th: your Servis. I give you Joye of Admaril 
Warrin being Knighted believe it is verey agreeable to M rs 
Warrin fer all Ladys Love Honnor as to the admaril being 

g of N 1 I hearty ly wish it May be So & by what 

you Inform me am fully satisfyd it will be So & hartylye Joyne 
in your good wishes y* he May first make a viset to Queaback 
for y e good of us all & the honour of Amarica & I pray God it 
may be attindrd with Success v 

The Doc 1 has write to Me what Negros he has & the price 
of them, there is none y l I like, but a boy about twelve years old 
w ch : I think a Little two dear att 40 have wrote to y e Doc*: to 
Make best of his Markett of him if he is not Sold I Shall see 
him this Summer if I Like him posable we may agree fer him. 
Shall hire a Man to answer my present purpus and keep Bicha- 
lors Hall one year Longer as you have given Me fresh hopes of 
an Expeticion. I begin to have a fine tast & flatter my Self I 
Shall have an oppertunety of geeting a french Mademmosell 
for a Housekeepper in the Summer.^ 

I am with the Best of wishes Due Esteem & Respect, Sir 

Your Most Humble Servant 

JN LYNE. 

I have no news to write to you from this remote place only to 
acquint you y* I thought Since the Rebellion in Scotland y e 
Devil had been a Scotah Man but I find him to be a Dutch man. 



1 Governor of New York. 



King Georges War, 1 7 44-1 7 48 45 

A few Days ago I happened to Call at Fry's ware the Constable 
had just Brought a Cart Loade of old Dutch People to Try 
them for wichis tho I Stayd but a few Minetts I hard the one 
Sware the other was a Devil if thare had been half y e Reward 
fer takeing the Devil as thare is fer takeing y e pretender I Sirtenly 
should have Layd holt of him as I thought I Should geet nothing 
by it I lett him a Lone ; as I came away obsirvd y e Justice Suming 
up his fees. Suppose after the Devil had payd them He Might 
go to Hell againe. No wendor if a Justice gets Rich when they 
try all Cases and the Devil Brings them money. | Plese to for- 
ward the Inclosed and youl oblidge Me who have often tired 
your patience with talking & now have don it with writeing. 

J. L. 1 

FROM JOHANN LOUIS SCHRODEL * 

A. L. S. 

Albany d[en]28 Feb[ruar] [1746?] 
INSONDERS HOCHGEEHRTER HERR: 

Nach dessen Begehren sende. Hier Bey 2 glassgen Von die 
tropffels so gut als ich sie machen Kann: Hier Bey dienet zu 
wiessen den gebrauch dar Von. als ist die person stark oder 
schwach. dach Kann sie Morgends, undt abends. 20 tropffen 
in ein wenig wein ein nehmen : so sie Bey ihr selbst fuhlet. wass 
opertion es thut. Kann sie mehr oder weniger nehmen. auch so 
einige. Auffwerkung. Zwischen abend und Morgen gefuhlet 
wirdt; Kann es so wohl ein nehmen als Morgends undt abends; 



Address faded. 

2 Schroedel is mentioned in Munsell's Annals of Albany, 1 :243, where 
it is recorded that " Lowis Schredell " was buried from the Reformed 
Dutch Church December 26, 1 746. In the Year Book of the Holland 
Society of New York, for 1906, 19:2, the marriage October 31, 1727 
of Lod. Schreyder and Heyltie Van Woerd appears in records of the 
Reformed Dutch Church of Albany. Under dates, August 1 7, 1 740 
and January 1 2, 1 746, p. 84 and 109, he appears as a sponsor in baptism. 
In the earlier record the form of his name is Johan Lewis Schrodel ; in the 
later, Johan Loaewyk Schrattel. 



46 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ein glassgen kost 3 ss ist zu samen 6 ss: Vor den rest soil d[em] 
H[errn] Credit geben. so Viel zur nach ruht als ... 
N. B. Von iiber bringer. Verbleib d[es] H[errn] D[ienst] 
Hab ein stuck silber. wiliger 

geldt emfangen. soil 
8 ss sein. so Kombt dem Herrn noch 2 ss 

J : Louis ScHRODEL 
ADDRESSED: An 

Mr Janson 
Kauffmann 

In 
Maquas Landt 

Translation 

Albany, February 28 [1746?] 

MOST HIGHLY HONORED SlR: 

According to your request I am sending herewith 2 vials of 
the drops as well as I can make them. The following serves to 
let you know the use of them: 20 drops in a little wine may be 
taken morning and evening, whether the person is strong or weak. 
According as he himself feels what action it has, he can take 
more or less ; also according as some action is felt between evening 
and morning. It can be taken both morning and evening. One 
vial costs 3 shillings, [that] is together 6 shillings. For what is 
left I shall give you credit, so much as still remains 
I remain your obedient servant 

J: LOUIS SCHRODEL 
N. B. From the messenger 
I have received a 
piece of silver money. 
It amounts to 8 shillings. 
So there is still coming to you 2 shillings. 
ADDRESSED: To 

Mr Janson Merchant 

In 

Mohawk Country 
1 Dots are seemingly left to put in the balance. 



King Georges War, 17 44-17 43 47 

FROM GEORGE SWAN 
A. L. S. 

Osrvago March [6, 1746] 
S*. 

I have not receved [ 
Post that went of from You [ 
Know Wat to do I hope You will [ 
The first Oppurtunety A leter how [ 
Goods Are then I shall Know Wat to [ 
To send me by the first Oppurtunity One [ 
Kagg of butter and One Pownd of Good bohea [tea] I Du Not 
Think that there will be any [Great ?] Trade at Oswago this 
Year for the Most of the five Natisons are at home but Wat is 
a fight [ ] And the french will Keep the fare Indians 

[ ] Tumult by Reason that thay Could not Git 

[ ] Goods the Last Year and I do belive there 

[ ] be More this year but I Can always Sel a 

b[ ] To My Maits of the Five Nations but I Scha[ll] 

Not Send for Any Goods untill I Receive A Leter from You I 
hope You will Not fail To pay that Order in Money or Any 
thing Thay have a mind to take up from You If You du not 
Answer it I shall pay him In Money My Self In the Spring upon 
the Return of The Order I am Whel and In good Health 
Hoping Thes May find You In the Same I Remain 
Your Most Humbel Servant 

GEORGE SWAN 



48 Sir William Johnson Papers 

A PRICE CURRANT OF GOODS USUALLY IMPORTED AT LONDON 
FROM AMERICA. LOND 22 MARCH 1 745/6 * 

Campeachy Logwood per Ton 1 2 or 1 3 

Honduras Logwood per Ton 9 

Brazeletto Wood per Ton 8.5 

Nicaragua Wood per Ton 22 to 23 

Fustick per Ton 9 to 1 

French Indigo per Ib. 3/6 

Caracca Cocoa per C. wt. 4. 1 to 5 

Piemento per Ib. 7 d 

Cotton Wool per Ib. 1/6 

Pitch per C. wt. 10/ 

Tar per Barrel 1 5/ 

Turpentine per C. wt. 1 2/ to 1 3/ 

Train Oil per Ton 21.10 

Ditto Vicious per Ton ab* 23 

Whale Fins per C. wt. 12 to 13 

Rice per C. wt. 16/ to 177 

Moscovado Sugar per C. wt. 307 to 40/ 

Pieces of Eight per oz. 5/2 to 5/3 

Spa. heavy Pistoles of 4dwt. 8gr .... per pee. ab* 1 6/6 to 1 6/8 
Gold Sterling per oz. ab* 78/ 

A PRICE CURRANT OF GOODS USUALLY IMPORTED AT LONDON 
FROM ALBANY. LOND 22 MARCH 1745/6 

Beaver Coat per lb.1 ab* 

Beaver Parchment per Ib. j 57 to 4/6 

Indian Dress'd Deer Skins per Ib. 3/2 

Deer Skins in the Hair per Skin 57 to 7/6 

Bear Skins . per Skin ab l 1 57 

Racoons per Skin 1 78 

Cats per Skin 2/3 

Otters per Skin 87 

Grey Foxes per Skin 2/4 to 2/6 



Printed form with the figures filled in. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 49 

Red Foxes per Skin 3 to 3/3 

Martins per Skin 3/3 

Fishers per Skin 7/6 

Wolves per Skin 7/6 to 8/ 

Musquash per Skin 6 1 / /? d 

Minks per Skin 2/2, 

Tar per Barrel 1 5/ to 1 6/ 

Turpentine per C. wt. ab* 1 3/ 

TO JOHN CATHERWOOD 

A. L. S. 
DR SR Albany I4 ih April <1746> 

This Ins* rec d Y r favour of the 9 th whereby I find the Assembly 
upon his Exc 11 ? 8 recommendation have agreed that I shall Supply 
the troops at Oswego, w h . I will take Care shall be well done, 
and in due time I intend to sett them of the latter end of this 
present Week, w h . is verry expeditious, considering the little 
notice I have had. Please to return my hearty thanks to his 
Excelly. for the kind favour done me as I shall also in a Letter 
to him & this Same opertunity being so hurryed by sending of 
the provisions &ca that I have only time to assure that I am w tfl . 
all due regard EK S'. yr ^ Humble ^ 

W M JOHNSON 
To CAPT N J N CATHERWOOD 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : To Catherwood 

FROM JOHN FAIRLY 

A. L. S. 
DEAR S R Oswego 6 th May 1746 

Please to Send Mee Just Such an other bato As John B V 
Eps his but Let Y e Smaell Goods Not be of one Shortt & Remain 

Your Most Humble S r . 

JOHN FAIRLY 

ADDRESSED: To M r Will: Johnson 



50 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM JOHN B. VAN EPS 
A. L. S. 

OsTvego, 6 Mai;, 1746 

DEAR SR 

If your Goods Is Come please to Send a Bato of Rume & 
3 P s of Strowds & other Indian Goods as leusjell which 
y e know verry well & one or 2 Nest of Read Truncks 
thill the Amount of l 00 or There about if it Can be Soo please 
to Leat y e bearore Samuell Morre theack down y e 2 Ps of Linnen 
to Gitt thim meade up if ye have bread beackt Pray tell him So 
when he & My brother In Law corns whit y e bato & Amty Caggs 
Pray Leat thim Nott Deale the Cann Carre 2 HH d if [it Can 
not be other rvease] thee come wie are Geatt here Seaff & well 
and so Dowing will Oblige your Most Humble Sarv 1 

JNO B V EPS 

P. S. Wie hear of a great Threade. 

I have payd franses Donnelon Martens 4 & 2 onces of bever 
@ y e prys as he Sels thim to you for Sum wampon I had. 

This In heast & Rott und r a Great Deall of Noais of Druncken 
People & Indians. 
ADDRESSED: To M r Will: Johnson att his house these 

FROM ANTHONY DUANE 
L. S. 

New York 16th Ma\j 1746 
M R . WILL M : JOHNSON SR 

Yours of 30 th : Ult. is before me & have recieved the Two 
Hh ds . of Gammons and Four Bb ls of Butter, the Former of 
which are so very large they will neither doe for this Markett 
nor to ship off wherefore desire you d . send orders for my sending 
them up again, as I apprehend they may either doe for your 
Familys use or to send to oswegoe. With regard to the Butter 
shou d . have been able to sell it at a very Good Price if it had a 
been Pack d . in Firkins, however have sold Two Bb ls : and am 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 51 

to have whatever I can gett for the Others. The Young Man 
you Mention is now with M r . Scott & would wilingly goe to you 
if he Could. 

I note your Intention of sending down some Flour & M r . Van 
Allen next Trip I herewith send you by him Ten Bb ls . of Pork 
as you order'd, but can't advise you of the Price untill I sell the 
rest. I am S r . 

Your Very Humb 1 . Serv*. 

ANTH: DUANE 

P S The Hh ds . are a Mixture of Large Gammons, Shoulders 
and Bacon and not well dry d . whereas for this Markett they 
ought to be all Sizeable Gammons and well Smoak d . I am as 
ut Supra. 

ADDRESSED: To M r : William Johnson Merchant On Mount 
Johnson. ^ Cap'. V n : Allen Q D C 



PIETER VAN ALEN TO ANTHONY DUANE 
D. S. 

NCT York I6 lh Map 1746 

Received of M r . Anthony Duane Ten Bb ls of Pork which 
I Promise to deliver to M r . W m . Johnson or his order in Albany 
for which have given Two Receipts both of this Tenor and Date 
as witness my hand 

PIETER VAN ALEN 



FROM JOHN RUTHERFURD 
A. L. S. 

Albany 12* June 1 746 
SIR 

I received the inclosed in a letter I had <^to day^> from The 
Governour & have ordered Serg* William < son ^> to be ready to 
set out to morrow with the Schenectady Waggons, that you may 
have it as soon as possible, other three letters from New York I 



52 Sir William Johnson Papers 

send along with him & one from Doctor Shuckburgh. We have 
no other particulars about the Expedition but what His Excel- 
lency writes . . /in general; Tha five Battalions were to 
/ the end of Aprile or beginning of May under the com- 
mand of General S l Clair 2 to rendevous with Major General's 
Frampton 3 Regiment at Louisbourg wich came out with Com- 
modore Knowls & Joined with the Two Gibraltar Regiments & 
what troops can be raised in New England, are to proceed up 
the River S l Lawrence & those raised in this & the Provinces to 
the Southward as far as Virginia are to be under the Command 
of Brig r General Gooch* to rendevous at Albany if thought 
proper. Mess rs Wrexall Honeymla^n Harry Livingston & they 
say Peter Winnie & John [Re^nselaar, are beating up for 
Recruits to raise Companys. I have no doubt but you'l 
<^ incline^> to be concerned in this Expedition in some shape [or] 
other. I shall be glad to hear some Indian news from you, or 
rather to see you here. Mr Lidius has received orders from 
Gover r Shirly to come immediately to Boston & he sets out on 
Monday next, so if you have any letters to send that way you 
must lose no time. I am Sir Your most obed* humble Servant 

JOHN RUTHERFURD 



FROM WARREN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

Boston </u/p p e 7 th 
D R . BRO: 

Since my last to you of y e <28th of June, my Uncle> 
has got me a Company to go <^upon this Ex^>pidition 
against Canada, <and am raissmg^> them with all Expidition 
possible My <^Com^>pany is to be all Irish and hope I shall 



1 Manuscript torn. 

2 Lieutenant General James St Clair. 

8 Charles Frampton, Lieutenant General in 1747. 
* William Gooch, governor of Virginia, 1727-49. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 53 



<raise]> them all in a short time. D r . Bro, I was 
Sorry to hear by y r . letter of the 1 8th of Ju<ne> to my Uncle 
that you are in great dange<r of> your Enemies the French 
Indians. Pray God preserve and Defend you from them Bar- 
barous Savage and Grant you Success in all your Undertakeings ; 
My Uncle desired me to let you now that there are [4?] fine 
four Pounders at his Farm in New York which if you please you 
may have & will be of Great Service to you against your Enemies 
togeather with what you have. I have not received one Letter 
from Ireland these Six Months. I Shall write to them by the 
first Ship bound to England. 

<CD r -> brother, I beg you will write to me to < Boston > for 
I shall not have the pleasure of seeing you so Soon as I Expected, 
& doubt if this winter, if we go so soon as is talked of; please to 
direct your Letters for me to the Care of M r . Charles Apthorp in 
Boston. No more at present but wish you all happiness & 
Success imaginable and am my D r brother y r Most Loveing and 

affect ' Bro - WARREN JOHNSON 

P. S. I find by y r letter to my 
Uncle y* you do not now of my 
being with him. 



FROM RICHARD SHUCKBURGH 
A. L. S. 

Jd$ y 7, 1746 
S*: 

I have just time to tell y<ou y*> y e Duke of Cumberland 1 
has intirely defeated the Pretenders 2 forces taken y e young Pre- 
tend r . Prisoner, &c. &c. John a Schory Indian has kilK & 
scalp'd a Cagnawaga Indian near Still Water I had the pleasure 
of seeing his Scalp carried about streets. King, the New England 
man is arriv'd here & says Admir 1 Warren is certainly arriv'd in 



1 William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, younger son of George II. 

2 Charles Edward Stuart, defeated at Culloden, April 16, 1746. 



am Sir 



Your very humble Servant 

G. CLINTON 2 



1 Colonel Philip Schuyler, of Albany county militia. 

2 George Clinton was son of Francis, sixth earl of Lincoln. Entering 
the navy, he was appointed captain in 1716. In 1 732 he was made a 
commodore and governor of Newfoundland; in 1737 commodore of the 
Mediterranean fleet; and in 1741 governor of the colony of New York, 
an office which he held until 1753. While governor of New York he 
rose through successive ranks to be Admiral of the White. He died July 

10, 1761. 



54 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Boston I took up two Letters one a Pacquet both w ch I deliver'd 
to Robin Saunders I hope you will get them by this Conveayance 
I am in haste the People wont stay however am much y rs . 

RICH D SHUCKBURGH 
ADDRESSED: To Willm Johnson, Esq r these. 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
L. S. 

Albany 25*. July. 1746 
SIR 

I've just receiv'd your Letter sent me by your Servant, and 
I conceive the Subject Matter of your Information is calculated 
with a design to prevent the Indians coming down to an Interview 
with me, or their Joining in the War, which is an Artifice I shall 
endeavour to defeat. In the mean time I must desire that You'l 
take some Pains to remove any bad Impressions this News may 
have had upon the Mohawks, and I shall give directions to Coll . 
Schuyler 1 to Detach the Principal Officers of his Regiment to 
their Castles to Assure them of their Protection, in Case the 
Enemy should Attack them ; You may tell them That as I expect 
a great Body of Men to arrive soon at Albany they shall have 
all manner of Assistance from me against their Enemy, and I 
hope no threatnings of the French will ever influence the Six 
Nations, in particular the Mohawks, to Receede from their 
Solemn Engagements with the English who in a short time will 
be able to convince the Enemy of their Power over them. I 



King George's War, 1744-1748 55 

I am endeavouring all I can to send you a Party of Men 
according to your Request. 

M R W M JOHNSON 

ADDRESSED: To M r . W m . Johnson at Mount Johnson. 
FROM RICHARD SHUCKBURGH 

A. L. S. 

Albany July 28 </746> 
S* 

lest you should not be inform'd by another hand I am to 
Acquaint you that an Officer & 25 men from Schohory are to be 
sent for y r succour & the Settlement adjacent an Express I am 
inform'd went w th . Orders this Day to y e Militia Officers of y l 
Precinct for y l Purpose. Some People here are in great Con- 
sternation for fear of being Attacked before we can get our forces 
together but as this is from Indian News who speak from their 
fear, the People seem to sympathize w lh . 'em from thence are 
affected: the Gov r . you know is here the Gen 1 Gooch expected 
this week & the News of the ffleet's arrival at Louisbourg 
Expected every Minute. You have had no Letters from New 
York since those I deliver'd to Saunders I'll send you News by 
every Opportunity in the mean time God Prosper you. Y rs . 

RICH D SHUCKBURGH 
ADDRESSED: To Will m Johnson Esq r 

at Mount Johnson Mohawks 

GEORGE CLINTON TO JACOB GLEN 
L. S. 

< Albany 30< h July 1746> 
SIR 

I have just receiv'd <^yours by Mr. John> Colon; go on and 
prosper. I have ^considered of what> you have Writt in 
relation to the two <Cagnawage> Indians, and don't doubt 
but they are Spys, and have bad designs, for which reason it is 



56 Sir William Johnson Papers 

not only my Opinion, but the Councils, and Gentlemen from 
Boston, that you should immediately (with the Assistance of 
M r . Johnson) use your utmost endeavours to perswade them by 
all the fair means that can be used, to have them come to me 
here. As also Aaron the Sachem, and not Suffer them to return 
to Canada, and after you have Tryed all the fair means that is 
possible to get them down and they refuse coming, then you are 
to use Force, and by the help of some Militia, bring them to me; 
& to tell the Castles, that as the Governour of Canada never 
suffers any of our Indians to come into his Country, without 
speaking to him first, so I will make all French Indians come to 
me, that I hear are in any of our Castles; you may Assure them 
they shall not be hurt, or 111 Used <The reason > why I send 
so possitively for <Aarion is> because he has deceived me, I 
hate < Treachery, > for when I saw him here he promised me 
not to depart the Town without taking his leave; But he Stole 
away either when Duskish, or very early in the Morning, purely 
with a Design to deceive my Brethren and ffriends the Mohawks, 
by deluding them with false Alarms, that a French Army of 
great force was coming against us & them. 

I dont Gasgonade, as the French do, w l I say tis true, wee 
have many Ships Already arrived at Cape Breton, and the whole 
ffleet is Expected every Day, and some Thousands of Land 
forces already at Louisburgh, severall Thousands in New Eng- 
land, and many Soldiers are arrived at Albany and some Thou- 
sands more Expected from Virginia Maryland, Pensylviana 
and New Jerseys Speedily, which will be a force so much Supe- 
rior to any in Canada that the Indians need be under no Appre- 
hensions. I am Sir 

Your very Hum ble . Serv* 

G. CLINTON 

I desire you will pay all Messengers & Expresses & Charge it 
to me, as also any Business Should have occasion to Send. 1 

INDORSED: <To Major Glen> 



Postscript in handwriting of Governor Clinton. 



King Georges War, 1744-1743 57 

FROM JAMES WILLSON 
A. L. S. 

[Boston, August //, 7746] 
S* 

Your favor I Received P r M r [ ] glad to here 

that you were well [ ] Recept of yours I was not 

got to boston [ ] Caled Rehobeth betwixt Rode 

Island and [ ] billey was Taken with the Small pox 

& in [ ] after I was taken Exceding bad with the 

Qu [insy ?] ware Detained there above a month which was very 
Chargible in them parts it Cost me above fif ety pounds York 
money there the people here are more afreaid here of the Small 
pox than they are of the Devill. Admirell Warren has Received 
your Letter 3$ r M r Lidies on fathers account and he has had the 
honour of Speaking Twice To him as for the Expidition people 
here are in Doubt of the arivell of the fleet this year they have 
almost all their men Reaised and In this Town I am hartily glad 
to here of the Safe arivell of your goods in the antilope. I am 
much obliged to you for you goodness in Speaking to Cap* 
Burowes about that Small Bali [ ] I wish you Could 

get it and keep it till I Come up. [ ] he must goe on 

the Expidition william Edmuston of Chirevaley owes 277 or 
there abouts I should be glad that you Could get that from him 
I am Sorey that I Did not know of that young man in New York 
for I was severell Times in the house he Loged in father is in 
Town yet but Expects to goe in a few Days for Lewisborgh with 
all the Rest of the Cape briton officers. Coll. [Sto]dartt and a 
great many more gentlemen here would have him goe upon the 
Expedition and ofered to Raise him a Company and get him a 
Captins Comision but his Excelencey was very much against his 
going and mouther is beter Satisfied that he Does not goe as we 
shall I hope be setled now all together. If there is any Con- 
vanencey for us we shall goe this fall if not Eairly in the Spring I 
have the Honour to aquaint you that you have a brother in this 
province I never have had the Honour of Seeing of him for he 



58 Sir William Johnson Papers 

was not in Town when I Came here nor Returned yet father 
has seen him and says that he is a very fine young gentleman he 
is going on this Expedition and is Reaising a Company they Call 
them the Royall Irish Company Commanded by Captin Warrin 
Johnson [ 1 ] I should have Come Sooner but 

[ ] the yalow favor is very brief at [ ] 

Detane me Longer than I Expected [ ] and the 

children Joyns in Sending their [ ] and humble 

Respects to you and Returns [ ] thousand thanks 

for all your favors Shooan them upon all accounts I belive flower 
would Doe here very well I Can bye new England Rum for 
Three and Six pence a galond If you should have any Commands 
this way I hope you will acquaint me of them and I Doe ashure 
you I shall Doe the utmost of my Indeavers to Serve you I hope 
you wont forget writing To us by all opertunities all frinds here 
are well M rs Cope Desires to be Remmembred to you please to 
give our Compliments to M r Craig M rs Craig Captin Burrowes 
M rs Burows and to all Captin Butlers family in genirell and all 
other frinds in them parts baver sells here for Three [poun]ds 
Ten Shillings This money which is 1 7/6 York [ ] 

I See it Sold So the admirell is well I See him [ ] 

Day If you Should Send any thing the best and Surest hand is 
Captin Grifin who uses this trade No at present but Remain S r 
your frind and Most humble Ser*. To Command 

JAMES WILLSON 



FROM WARREN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

<Boston August y 25 th 1746> 
<D R : BRO:> 

Since my last to you I <have Recruited in London ^> Derry 
and have meet with very <good Success and> do not want 
above fiveteen men to <^Compleat my^> Company haveing got 



1 Several lines missing. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 59 

now upwards of <^ Eighty men;^ My Uncle Warren Intends 
for Louisbourg <this> week and from thence I beleive to 
England. I beleive you have heard eYe now of my Cozen 
Terrell's great Success haveing Lately taken Several Vessells 
but one in Perticular which gains him Vast honour D r bro. I have 
wrote Several Letters to you since my arrival here but have not 
Received an Answer I beg you'l write to me to Boston, and 
Derect to the Care of M r Charles Apthorp, I have wrote Letters 
to our Friends in Ireland by A Vessell bound to London, the 
Fleet is not arrived at Louisbourg yet, and it is the opinion of 
every one that the Expidition will not go on this fall. I have now 
more at Present, but wish you all happiness and Success So 
Conclude D r Brother 

Y r Most Loveing and Affec* Bro. 

WARREN JOHNSON 
in Haste 

ADDRESSED: To M r William Johnson in Albany 
to the Care of M r Oliver DeLancy in New York 
& to Hon. Holland, Esq r . at Albany 

FROM. GEORGE CLINTON 
D. S. 
[Albany the 27* Aug 1746} 

By His Excellency The Honourable George 
Clinton Captain General and Governour in Chief 
in & over the Province of New York &ca. &ca. 

Whereas Several Tribes of the Six Nations of Indians have 
engaged to go to war agst the French their Indians & Settle- 
ments in Canada and as the said Tribes will want to be Supplyed 
Occasionally in Arms Ammunition, Clothing & Provisions, &ca. 
when they go to War, as aforesaid 

You are therefore hereby Impowred to Furnish the said Tribes, 
or so many of them as will go against the Enemy upon your 
Orders with y e above Necessarys & for what ever you Issue by 



60 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Virtue of this Power, Satisfaction shall be made you, upon Your 
Rendring a fair and just Acco't thereof & for so doing this Shall 
be Your Sufficient Warrant Given under my Hand at Albany 
the 27 th Aug'< 

1 746 G. CLINTON. 

To WILLIAM JOHNSON Esq r 

commissary of the Stores & Provisions for the Indians 

By His Excellency's Command 
Jno. Catherwood Seer? 

INDORSED: To W m . Johnson Esq r . Impowering him to Arm & 
Cloath such partys of Ind 8 as he may send out against the 
Enemy August 1 746 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
D. S. 

Albany 28 August 1746 

Instructions to William Johnson, Esq r . as Colonel of the 
Forces to be raised out of the Six Nations of Indians on His 
Majesty's Service against the French & their Indians and as 
Commissary of the Stores & provis ns to be provided on that 
occasion. 

1 st You are hereby impowred to inlist under Your Command 
all such Christians & Indians as shall Voluntarily offer them- 
selves for the above mentioned Service, and such Christians as 
enter into said Service, shall be allowed and paid after the rate 
of two Shillings New York Currency & Day, til they are dis- 
charged therefrom. 

2 dl y You are to endeavour to send out as many Party's of the 
said Indians as you possibly can against the French & their 
Indians in Canada to harrass and Alarm their Quarters in all 
Parts and to take Prisoners for Intelligence as soon as may be, 
likewise Scalps, and for every such Prisoner or Scalp so taken of 
the Enemy, the Person producing the same shall Receive the 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 61 

Reward allowed by an Act of the General Assembly of this 
Province. 1 

3 dl y You will receive with these Instructions, a Number of 
Blank Commissions, in order to appoint such Persons, as You 
shall think proper to Intrust with any Command over the several 
party's of Indians, you shall from time to time send out as 
aforesaid. 

4 thl y In Case you find it Necessary upon any Misbehaviour, 
or disobedience of the said Officers, to Your Command, to 
remove him or them for so disobeying, You are hereby, for the 
good of the Service, Impower'd to Suspend such Officer or 
Officers & commit him or them to the care of the Commanding 
Officer of Fort Hunter or Schenecktady till my Pleasure is 
known for which purpose you shall receive along with these 
Instructions my Orders to the said Commanding Officers to 
receive & secure such Persons as you shall commit accordingly. 

5 thl y Whereas there may be occasion to send Messages to the 
distant Castles of the Six Nations or their Allies, or to go your 
self occasionally among them, and what ever Charges or Expence 
You may be at, for such Services, shall be Allowed You. 

6 thl y Whereas I am of Opinion that your residence among the 
Mohawks, will rather promote his Majestys Service, than if you 
was to go out with any Command Your self, You are therefore 
hereby required to reside near the Indian Castles in order to send 
out the Several Partys as aforesaid, and receive them, at their 
Return, And to give me Intelligence from time to time of what 
they have done & of what further Encouragement You shall 
think necessary for the Service. 

G. CLINTON 
INDORSED: Instructions To Co 1 . Johnson 



1 An act approved February 27, 1 745 authorized the giving of rewards 
for scalps and prisoners, Journal of the Legislative Council of New Vorfc, 
p. 917. 



^ V 



62 Sir William Johnson Papers 

GEORGE CLINTON TO THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF FORT 

AT SCHENECTADY OR FORT HUNTER 

D. S. 1 

[Albany] 28* Aug. 1746 

By His Excellency The Honorable George Clinton 
Captain General and Governour in Chief in and over 
the Provence of New York etc. etc. 

Whereas I have appointed William Johnson Esqr. Col- 
onel of the Forces to be Raised out of the Six Nations of Indians 
on his Majesty's Service. 

You are therefore hereby required and Commanded to receive 
and Secure into the Fort under Your Command any Person or 
Persons the said Wm. Johnson shall committ to Your charge 
and care til You have my Order to Release or Discharge him 
or them as Aforesaid, and for so doing this shall be Your War- 
rant Given under my hand this 28th Aug. 1 746. 

GEO. CLINTON 
To the Commanding Officer 
of the Forts of Schenectady & 
Fort Hunter or either of them. 

FROM WARREN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

[Boston, September /, 1746] 
[DEAR BROTHER 

Receiv'd y[ 

which gave [ 

ware in good hea[ 

I have not heard fr[ 

these nine Months past [ 

Letters to them, one Last [we]ek [ 

for England, as for Jam 8 Rogers I proposed [ 

1 Original of this order is in possession of Alexander Hill, Cincinnati. 
Ohio. 

I 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 63 

for Sergency in my Compiny and Shall do him all the Service 
in my Power, D r bro. Jam 5 Rogers Likewise tells me that you 
had Engaged forty or fifty men for my Company, but hearing 
Coll Wendall say My Company was he beleived Compleat you 
turned them over to another Cap f "/at Present I do not want above 
twenty men to Compleat it, but Should be Extreamly Oblidged 
to you if you Could get me ten or twelve able bodied Men and 
Send them down to Boston to me it Likewise gives me Vast 
Pleasure to hear that you have been the principale Person in 
bringing the Six Nations of Indians to Our Enterest. My Uncle 
has wrote by this post to you ; by a Vessell from Anapilis Royal 
we hear that the French to the Number of 3000 Men have 
Landed there, and I beleive we Shall be Sent there very soon I 
have now news worthy Relateing you I beg you will write to me 
by the next oportunity, I conclude D r Bro 

Your Most Loveing and Affec*. Bro 

WARREN JOHNSON 
in heaste 

FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. 

< Albany, 16th Sepr. 1746.> 
SIR 

I have Yours of < Yesterday, with the Message You> men- 
tion from the Governour of Canada, <^ whereby I find he^> 
dreads the Six Nations acting ag' him: <I am glad he is> too 
late with his Message by the Answer they <have given, > and 
I hope they will faithfully abide by it, otherwise <they> will 
betray themselves into the highest misfortunes. 

It is true I desired the Six Nations to Join and Share with 
us in conquering the Enemy, and as this is one Method of doing 
it, I cannot see why they should make any Objection, since by 
their Answer, they declared that some of their Fighters from 
each Nation, shou'd be left behind to follow my Orders : There- 
fore I expect they will strictly fullfill their Promises to me, as I 
intend in every Article to perform mine to them. 



64 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Since You left me, there arrived some Oghquago Indians from 
Susquehana River with whom I have had a Treaty upon the 
foregoing Subject; but as they came with few Numbers they 
cou'd not leave above fourteen Fighters behind, who I sent out 
Yesterday properly equipped with Sixty white Men under the 
command of Cap* Staats ag* the Enemy, and I hope they will 
act a part equal to their Promises, having publickly declared 
they never will lay down their Hatchet until the < French and 
their Indians are entirely conquered. The rest are returned 
Home, in order to collect a greater Number of their Warriours 
to Join us,^> in about ten days <^wch looks as if they were^> 
determined to be hearty in <our Cause, and it will> not be 
amiss to hint it to those that <^are now^> with You, as they took 
my Speech in no other light than to go immediately a fighting. 

Five Hundred Troops from the Jerseys & Four hundred from 
Philadelphia are arrived here, besides several more Companys 
from New York w ch amount to above two thousand Men, also 
more expected; and as I hear that the Fleet was seen off the 
Banks of Newfoundland, I conclude they are before now at 
Louisbourg, having sent, some time since, an Express to Boston 
not yet returned, and I conclude he is detained on that account, 
being informed that Waddele is arriv'd at New York in seven 
weeks from Portsmouth, who sett out with the Fleet the first day, 
but was put back by contrary winds, he says the next day it was 
fair & guess'd they then sail'd. 

I thought it prudent to give the Captain of the Party now gone 
out both a word & Signal which is Oswego for y e word & a Red 
piece of Gimp on the Head for the signal in Case they should 
meet with any Party from You, therefore I wou'd have You 
give it, but to such as you can trust upon Command to prevent 
the Enemys getting it, or any Mischief happening upon meeting 
one another. 

<I am heartily sorry at the great Sickness & frequent Deaths 
among the Indians, wch are inevitable> Obstructions in exe- 
cuting Your < Designs, tho' it is plain by> what You write, 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 65 

You have done <^Your best, and^> under these Circumstances 
I approve <^of the party ^> going out, and hope they won't fail 
<me now, as it> has been long expected, but that both sides 
<will> perform something worthy the Cause they are concerned 
in. I wou'd have Aaron Stevens come down to settle his accounts 
and other matters here, and not go out this Trip. I gave Colonel 
Schuyler 1 an Order the 4 th . Ins* to send a Relief to Oswego, but 
how far he has comply 'd with it I cannot say : Provisions must 
go up by this Relief for the Winter, w ch I hope you are furnished 
with. The moment I have any further Intelligence concerning 
the Fleet I shall inform You of it, and am Sir 

Your very humble serv* 

G. CLINTON 

P. S. Whatever Partys go from Your parts are to have the 
like word & signal I have given to the Cap* of the Oghquago 
Indians 

W M JOHNSON Esq r 



FROM JOHN H. LYDIUS 
A. L. S. 

Albany September 17 <1746> 
HONOUR S R 

I was Glad to Hear from your welfare am very much obliged 
to you in Hoping for my beter State of Halt as you Left me 
Tenks be to God I am at present in a Parfect Helt as to News 
Stirring is in Generall Mellencoly the Post from boston is not 
arived Here but we have an Ace* of his ariving ther, one Smit 
Left boston after he got there Hoe Brings an Account of seven 
hundered french and Indians Cuting of the fort at Hosik and 
that Saterday was weak 5 Men were Killed & I Taken Prisoner 
from Dearfield! that Madam Shirley Died Last Lordsday was 
2 weaks and was to be Buried on Tursday. But says that they 
Expect to Goo Jet this fall to Crounpoint Ther Trens- 



1 Colonel Philip Schuyler. 
3 



66 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ports being * lest, Cap 1 Waddle is arrived but the Goods Not 
Jet Come to Albany 

P. S. 

the Five Hundred Men from the Jer * are arived and Jester- 
day 300 from * Arived Hear ; Smit from boston 1 an Account 
that Anapolis wass bes J By the French and Indians ; You Left 
me No Order to sell any of Your Bever or Skins, But Judging 
them for Sale I Have Sold for 190, 6 for Which I have the 
Cass at Your Disposell Acording to ye Account here Anexed, 
And have wid a Proviso of Your Aprobation promised to kee 
Untill the 20 of October 300 H of bever And then he will be 
here with Gold and Dollers to pay for it, I Would advise You 
if ther is any bever to be boug l Under 107 Not to Let it 
past 1 of opinion it will within a Let 1 fetch 1 0/6 

P. S. 

Inclosed is a Memorandum of Sander Conserning the 1 paks 
of Bever sent by ther 1 op Peter has not been Down himself / 
I heard one Samuel Brat has six paks of Bever Left if You By 
them ther will be But fuw but what will be in your hands. 

Sergent Burns Gives his Servis to you. he is Jesterday Arived 
from New York Your Neger is Quit Recoverd and is well 
My wif Joyns in service to your self and Conclud with Due 
Respect 

Your Hum: Servent to Comand 

JOHN H. LYDIUS 



FROM WARREN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

<Bos/on, October 3 rJ 1746> 
D R BROTHER 

Meeting with this ^opportunity I would not omit> writeini 
to you, to inform <you that my Uncle Warren, > Aunt 



Manuscript torn. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 67 

Cozens are very well <and I beleive my Uncle > Deseighns 
for Louisbourg next <week, as we have an> Account here that 
the English <[ Fleet under the^> Command of Vice Admiral 
Lestock <Sailed from> Spithead last August for Louisbourg; 
<it's like>wise reported that Adml. Lestock has a Sufficient 
Force under his Command to give Battle to the French Fleet 
who as it's imagianed are now in Possession of Anopilis Royal, 
my Aunt Warren goes to Newyork next week to Spend the 
winter there, I am glad I have it in my power to Acquaint you 
that my Recruteing Business is Over haveing now an Hundred 
Men, I beg D r Bro. you will write to me as often as Oportunity 
permits as there's nothing can give me more Satisfaction than to 
hear often from you, if you have heard from our Friends in 
Ireland lately I beg you will let me know as I have not heard 
from them these Eleven Months which gives me vast Concern, 
I hope to have the Happiness of seeing you at New york in a 
short time in case we do not go upon any Expidition this Winter, 
& it's Generaley thought we shall not, James Rogers is very well 
& I have given him a Sergants Post. Now More at Present 
but wish you all happiness & Success So Conclude D r Brother 
Your most loveing & affec* Bro 

WARREN JOHNSON 

P: S: Derect your letters for me to the Care of M r Charles 
Ap thorp, Merc* in Boston 
To M R WILLIAM JOHNSON 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
D. S. 1 

By his Excellency the Honourable George Clinton 
Captain General and Governour in Chief of the prov- 
ince of New York &c a . &c a . &c a . 

Whereas I am informed that a meeting of some of the far 
Nations is to be held this Winter at the Onondage Castle in 



In Ayer Collection, Newberry Library, Chicago, 111. 



68 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



Order to Concert measures touching their joining the Five Nations 
of Indians in the War against Canada And as I conceive that 
your Attending that Meeting will Contribute much to his 
Majesty's Service. 

\ou are hereby required and Commanded to meet the said 
Nations accordingly when you hear the Same is to be held and 
to take such persons along with you as you shall Judge to have 
any Influence to forward the Success of that Meeting for His 
Majesty's Service and the Welfare and Security of this province. 
And for So doing this shall be your Warrant. 

Given under my hand this Second day of December 1 746. 

G. CLINTON 
To COLONEL WILLIAM JOHNSON 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. 

[New York, December 10, 1746] 

I 

I desire you [ 
of black Stallions to [ 
Their height is full fifteen [ 
Star in their forheads without [ 
two white feet behind & one bef [ 
be glad to have them as soon as you can conveniently and am 1 

Y* 

This comes by y r Brother & hope will find you well, I have 
nothing of Newes but what he will tell you I have recommended 
you to His Maj'y. Favour Thro y e Duke of Newcastle, I must 
desire you will keep up y e Indians to their Promiss of keeping 
Outscouts to watch y e Motion of y e French 2 

1 Down to this point the letter is not in Clinton's writing. 

12 In Doc. Rd. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:314, in a letter from George 
Clinton to the Duke of Newcastle, is mention of the appointment of Johnson 
as colonel of the warriors of the Six Nations. 



King George's War, 1744-1748 69 

The Leu [tenant] g[overn]or has printed a most scandilous 
affair of Hors[mande]ns proceedings, but it shall go with the 
rest of His proceedings home to show how heartey he is for y e 
Cause, to undoe all I do, I hope you got up safe & quieted y e 
Indians & am with great truth & Sincerity 

D'Sir 

Your friend & servant 

G CLINTON 
ADDRESSED: To Coll . Johnson 

at Albany 



FROM WARREN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

Albany December 20 ih . 1746 

[ l ] 

to have the pleasure of seeing you here & go with y[ ] to 
your house, the man by whom I send this is [ ] going so I 
have only time to Conclude your Most 

Loveing and Affec 1 . Brother 
in great heaste 

WARREN JOHNSON 
COL. JOHNSON 



FROM JOHN CATHERWOOD 
A. L. S. 

Nen York 22 Dec'. 1746 
D R SIR 

I've Just reed Your Favour and as the Indians don't care to 
part with the Girle, his Ex?, don't desire it, therefore You may 
do Your pleasure with them. I embark to morrow for England, 
& if I gett safe, You may depend upon my Endeavours for Y r . 



1 Several lines missing at top, evidently being cut off after the fire. 



70 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Interest & service, write to me by next Vessell under Cover to 
the Adm 1 . & if You mention me to him he may perhaps (int[er] 
nos) promote my Int ls . for a C. I hope to see you in the Spring, 
'til then I kiss Your hand and am with my Complim ts to Y r . 
Bro r . 

D r CoK 

Your ever Obedient 

& Affectionate serv 1 

JN. CATHERWOOD 
COL. JOHNSON 



FROM THOMAS BUTLER 
A. L. S. 

[1746] 
SIR 

When You are paying One Ey'd William I Shou'd be obliged 
to you if you'd tell him to leve one Spanish Dollar with you for 
me which I paid for him to Cap*. Pettre for a Gallon of Rum 
My father desires his hum le : Servis to you who is now brave 
and herty. 

I am Sir Your Humb le : Serv*. 

THO S : BUTLER 
ADDRESSED: To ColK W m . Johnson 



FROM THOMAS BUTLER 

A. L. S. 

<I746> 
SIR 

That day I came from home got to Mr Fetterleys bo't two 
Kattle of Van Alstine yesterday. Yesterday I was al over Stone 
Robie and bought all the Kattle that was good to be found, 
last night left at Wormwood's where I bought three. I have now 
in all bought thirty Seven. I think very good oxen Excepting 
two cows which are about six years old and good. I am now 
going over the River to one Countreymans where I hear is two 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 71 

large oxen. The remainder I proposed to buy at the Flatts. 
Pettre has sent me word that there is a great many. I sent 
Quack yesterday with a letter to Pettre: who brings you his 
answer I thought it best to send up Quack that you shou'd not 
stay the Comm d . for if I had kept him with me, it would have 
been tuesday before we cou'd get down. I shall send you from 
the great flatts an Acc lt of all the Kattle bought. I have ordered 
the people to drive up the Kattle next fryday to Herkemans and 
think to sett them of y e . Next day for Oswego. I am, S r . 

y r . very Hum le . Serv". 

THO S : BUTLER 
Sunday two oclock 
att M r . Fealings 

ON VERSO : As there is not bags Enough don't know what you 

will do unless you send Quack up with some. 
ADDRESSED: To Coll. Johnson 



FROM ARENT STEVENS 

A. L. S. 

Co LL : JOHNSON [1746] 

SIR 

as you wrote me there was So many Hum Cags Lost I had it 
Cryed about and Can hear of no more yet but what I gave the 
oghquagas & Shohariese I gave them Eight an what is become 
of the Rest I can not know Oterewane has Lost his pack at 
Albert von Slick's with a fine pipe and a blanket of Strouds and 
three pair of Stockens and a par of french stockens. Hee is 
in hope Since it was stold that the Co 11 : will make it good to him 
De grotejonge is here yet in Schonectady an I do not know how 
to order for him in provisons and a Docter an I would wish you 
would Let me know what to doe with him no more at present 
but Reinane 

your most humble Servant 

ARENT STEVENS 



72 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



EXPENSE ACCOUNT OF ALBERT VAN SLYCK 

Goods Disbursed & Charges Done pr: Albert Van Slyck In 
Order to Get the Cajoge Indians a Fiting Against the French 
vizt: 



1746 



at Oswego 



at Cajoge 



at Nondage 

Great 
flatch 



at Schonectady 



Oswego 



fTo 7200 Black Wampin @ 5 

p r C 

^ 1550 Do White @3/p r O 
To Condolence of the Death of 

old Coghsenejont viz 
1 Blanket 14/ & 1 pair of 

Stockins 6/ 
1 Shirt 9 & 7 Gallons Rom 

@ 3/6 pr Gall 24/6 
1 pair of Stockins 6/ & 4 Ells 
of Imbrose Sarge @ 3/ pr 
Ell 
1 Cettel W'5tt@ 3/p'B 15/| 

& 5 Knives 5/ 
1/2 H Virmiljon 10/ & 2 Small 

Shirts 6/ 
1 Blanket 14/ & 1 pair Stockins 

6/ 

1 Indian Shirt 9/ 
f500 Black Wampin @ 5/ p' O 
I 1 fat hogg @ 30/ 

3 Loafs of Bread 2/3 To hire 
of a Bato from the flatch 

1 fat Hogg @ 30/ & 1 fat Sheep 

12/ 
for Bread 5/ & two fraights to 

Albany 18/ 
1 Silver Arms band 8/ & 1 

Chect Shirt 12/ 

4 pair of Indian Shoes 

@ 3/p'pair 12/ 
To The Gun Smith 3/ To 

Cash on their Journey 7/ 
To hire of a Waggon @ 6 shil 
To my Bato had to Cannida by 

the Mohaks 30 
Errors Excepted Prime Cost 



18 








2 


6 


6 


1 








1 


13 


6 





18 





1 











16 





1 











9 





1 


5 





1 


10 








12 


3 


2 


2 





1 


3 





1 











12 








10| 








6 





1 


10 





37 


13 


3 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 73 

MARAGRIETA VEEDER's ACCOUNT 

1746 Mr Cornell Janson. D r : 

aen 1 31 Vaeties 2 @ 1/6 pr Vaetie 2.6.6 

Ditto aen 1 Barll 3 ( ) 3.0 

Ditto aen Ancker 2 . 6 

aen 30 Vaam z toune 4 @ 6 p p r Vaam 15.0 

3 . & .0 

Schonegtady January 20ath 1 746/7 
Maragrieta Veeder 

<Rec d the above in full pr me Margaret^ M Veeder 
INDORSED: Cornell Jansons Reckoning. 



TO JOHN HENRY LYDIUS 
Contemporary Copy r> 

Mount Johnson /an*: 26 th . 1746/7 

SIR, 

By yours receiv'd last Night <P Brant I find you intend shortly 
for Boston. And as I cannot have the Pleasure of seeing you 
before you set off, I wish you a prosperous Journey and safe 
Return. Two days ago I receiv'd a Letter from M r . Clinton, 
telling me the forwardness of the New England Troops, & desir- 
ing I would prepare as many Indian Warriours as possible to 
assist our Forces in the Reduction of Crown Point, which I 
heartily wish to see; and should not make the least doubt of it 
were our People but so active as our Neighbours the New Eng- 
landers, who daily set us good Examples had we the Grace to 
follow it. I have now sent several of my Officers among the 
upper Nations to prepare them, but have fixed on no certain time, 



1 Dutch, meaning " to " in an account. 

2 Vaatjes, Dutch, meaning kegs. 

3 Vaam, Dutch, meaning fathom. 

* Tourven, Dutch, meaning ropes or rope. 

5 In Public Record Office, C. O. 5.901, London, England. 



74 Sir William Johnson Papers 

fearing a Disappointm*. I have had the two next Castles 
assembled Yesterday, and do assure you that nothing could give 
me more Pleasure than to see their Willingness they shew'd of 
joining us, whenever required, the sooner they say the better, for 
they are almost in Dispair, or out of Patience so long waiting. 
I make not the least doubt of bringing as many in the Field as 
will be sufficient for that Enterprize ; I only wish our Forces were 
all so ready & willing. I am much hurried, so have only time 
to assure you of my best Wishes for you M rs . Lydius &c a . 
And am 

Sir, 

Your most Humble Servant 

W M . JOHNSON 
To M R . JOHN HENRY LYDIUS 

Copy examined ^ J. Willard Secfy. 
INDORSED: Extract from M r . 

Johnson's Letter to M r . Lydius. 1 
In GoV. Shirley's of Feby 2 1 1 746/7 2 

FROM WARREN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

New York January 28, [1747] 
D R . BRO. 

I arriv'd here last Thursday after a very [ ] 

Journey. Yesterday I receiv'd a letter from S r . [William] Pep- 
perrell wherein he desires me to be at Louisbourg the latter end 
of April, tomorrow I purpose to set out for Philadelphia, & 
return in about four or five weeks. I have wrote to our friends 
in Ireland by a Ship bound to Cork, the Governour has been so 
kind as to assure me he wou'd forward this to you, by an express 
he sends you upon his Majesty's Service, my Aunt Warren & 



1 In Shirley's hand. 

2 Beyond the fact of inclosing it, this of Shirley to the Duke of New- 
castle does not refer to the above extract. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 75 

friends here desire their Compliments to you. I imagine you may 
readily beleive the time very burthursome to me since had the 
malancholy parting with you, but whats now the greatest com- 
fort that we are in one Country, & with the Assistance of the 
Almighty we Shall have the happiness of meeting again. I am 
now prepairing things for my mornings Journey, so have only 
time to return you my most hearty thanks for all your favours, / 
& wish you a Series of health & happiness being with the greatest 
Sincerity D r . brother 

Your most loving & Affec. Brother 
WARREN JOHNSON 

My best Respects to M r . & M rs . Lidias 
& all other friends 
COL. JOHNSON 

LETTER ON EXPEDITION 

Extract 1 



When M r Lydius arrived here from Albany with an account 
that the Troops of the Southern Colonies, consisting of 29 Cam- 
panics, in which he computed there might now be about 2400 
effective men, were in good health & Spirits, & shew'd me a 
Letter from M r Johnson dated at Mount Johnson 26 January 
last, wherein he informd M r Lydius, that 2 days before he rec'd 
a Letter from your Ex: telling him the forwardness of the New 
England Troops, & desireing he would prepare as many Indian 
Warriours as possible to assist the Forces of the Colonies in the 
reduction of Crown point, which he heartily wished to see, & 
should not make the least doubt of it, were all the Colonies active 
in it That he had then sent several of his Officers among the 
upper Nations to prepare them but had fix'd on no certain time 
fearing a dissapointm*. That he had the Day before assembled 



^rom Shirley to Clinton, inclosed in Clinton to Johnson, Mar. 12, 
747. 
2 Conjectural date supplied. 



76 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the two next Castles, & did assure M r Lydius that nothing could 
give him more pleasure than to see the willingness they shewd to 
join us, whenever required, the sooner they said the better, for 
they were allmost in Despair or out of patience at waiting so long. 
That he made no doubt of bringing as many into y e field as would 
be sufficient for that enterprize & he only wished our Forces 
(meaning those of y e Southern Colonies) were all as ready & 
willing 

FROM JOHN LINDESAY 
A. L. S. 

Sd* 6* March 1746/7 
SIR 

Inclosed I send you a Letter from his Ex 1 ? which I hope con- 
firms the News that A dl Warren comes over early in y e Spring & 
Com ds the fleet. I send this by Express to Cap ts Sheaver & 
Broadhead to send an exact ace* of their Deserters if you have 
any news that are not a Secret shall be glad to hear them I wish 
you Success in all your undertakings and am 

Sir 

your most obedient 
Ser' 

JOHN LINDESAY 

ADDRESSED : To Coll W m Johnson 

at Mount Johnson 



PETER CORNU S ACCOUNT 

1746 

april 1 begon te werk tot het 1 7 van juny en 
heb gewerk 50 dage en 1 . schoft at 5 
en 6pe par dag maekt te sam . . 13:16:41 
asuwerus marselis heef gewer en alle 
41 en een halft at 4 en 6 penis par 
dag 9: 6: 7 



King Georges War, 1 7 44-1 748 77 

pieter Cornu syn Rekening 23 : 2 : 1 1 1/2 

My Ace", is 1 10:14: 6 



12: 8: 5 1/2 
March the 11*. 1746/7 
then Rec d . of W m . Johnson the Contents 
of the above in full as witness my 
Hand 1 

pieter Cornu 
23: 2:11 1/2 

Translation 

1746 

April 1 began to work and until the 1 7th of 

June worked 50 and 1/4 days at 5s. 

6d. per day, makes together . . 13:16: 4 1/2 

Asuwerus Marselis worked in all 41 

and one half days at 4s. 6d. per day 9:6:7 



Pieter Cornu's account 23 : 2 : 1 1 1/2 

My account is 10:14: 6 



12: 8: 5 1/2 
March the 11*. 1746/7 
then Rec d . of W m . Johnson the Contents 
of the above in full as witness my 
Hand 

pieter Cornu 
23: 2:11 1/2 

FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. 

[March 72P, 7747] 
SIR 

I am glad to hear by <yours of ye 25 th Feb r y from Albany > 
of the Disposition ye Indians are in to <^go out amongst the 

1 In Johnson's handwriting. 



78 Sir William Johnson Papers 

French > in Canada, You are therefore to use your utmost 
endeavours <to find> out as many Indians & Christians as you 
can without < delay to annoy > & harrass the Enemy in their 
own Settlements as one of the most effectuall means to prevent 
their doing mischief among <ours,> but at ye Same time I 
think it Necessary y*. a party of Indians be sent to y e Garrison 
of Sarahtoga to Serve as out Scouts there, I cannot direct the 
Numbers for each Service as I know not what Number can be 
procured & therefore must leave y l to your Discretion & Judg- 
ment, You may be assured, & you may assure all those who go 
upon y l Service that they Shall have all encouragement & reward 
that can be reasonably expected & whatever expense you shall 
be at on this occasion shall be punctually paid you, Orders shall 
be Sent to y e Commanding officer at Sarahtoga to use the Indians 
who shall come there to assist them with the greatest kindness. 
/ As, to y e low & vile practices of Some people in buying the 
Arms Cloathing & c given y e Indians you are to use all the means 
in your power to detect them, for as these Indians are in ye Kings 
pay & Service tho' in a different way from Christians, they ought 
I think in a fair construction of the Law to be considered as the 
Kings Soldiers & y e Laws against buying Arms & Cloathing &c 
from Soldiers must Extend against the buying them from Indians 
as well as Christian & Whites No Indians Guns are to be pur- 
chased here & therefore you must procure what shall be neces- 
sary at Albany. 

I am very Sensible of what Service it will be to have Jancour * 
from among the Indians if he can by any means be brought over 
to leave y e French & Settle <with us. I think it may be most 
usefull to gain him in yt manner as I have by> a former letter 
^empowered you to make promises for ye pu^>rpose, but if y* 
cannot be done <you are to en>deavour by all means to have 
removed from among the Indians, & if possible brought a Prisoner 
hither & you shall be paid whatever Expences shall be necessary 
for this Service. It is left to your Judgment from the Intelligence 

you shall receive to take what Method you shall think most likely 

i 

1 Chabert Joncaire. 



King Georges War, 1 7 44- J 7 48 79 

to Succeed either by promises to bring him over, or to remove him 
by Force. Perhaps the hints from Jeancour of leaving y e French 
may be only to prepare Something wherein he may value himself 
among his Countrymen. 

Be very carefull & Watchfull over any Strange Indians that 
may come among ours. 

No Indian Blankits & Strouds to be had The Money you 
have drawn for shall be paid & you may depend on my perticular 
regard always for you tho' they do March, 

I write up now to Coll 1 Marshall about y e releaf of our Troops 
at Oswego & to give you timely notice of it. 

I have inclosed you y e votes of y e Boston Assembly how they 
send out their people which I think is a good Meathod 

You will see by y e inclosed paragraph of Govern r . Shirly's 
letter how Lydius has magnified our Troops, when at y e Same 
time I had y e most dismal accounts from Albany of the week"*"' 
condition our Troops was in besides their wants of Cloathing. but 
he actually writes me now in Case y e Connecticut people dont 
Joyn he shoud have no thoughts that when I found <they 
woudnt of Course I gave all over.^> 

This comes to M r Holland by <an Express who I order > to 
Stay at Albany for a return of an answer to this which I desire 
as soon as possible & <^pray let me^> know how poor old Hen- 
rick does who I am Sorry to hear is So bad. I am Sir 

Your very humble ser* 

G CLINTON 

I hope you will get me a pair of good Horses for I am quite at 
a loss & if you dont must walk a foot. 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. 

SIR 

It will be proper to give these Indians y 1 goes out the Word 
& Signal Affraid they should fall in with any of our people, 
& if they pass close to Sarahtoga they must be cautious because 



80 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the officer their does not know y e word, but should be glad if 
he did. 

If these people could take a Prisiner it would be of great 
service, but it will be best for them before they either attemp y e 
taking of a Prisiner or Scalp to vew their works & See what 
Numbers they may have & if they are making any new forti- 
fications without, 

It will not be proper to give y e word to any more then to y e 
head Indian unless there should be occasion I am 

Sir 

Your obed* humble Ser 1 . 

G CLINTON 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 
A. Df. S. 

March 18*- 1746/7 
<May it please Y r Excellcy 

this Ins* am Honoured w ltl Y rs by the^> Express, W th whom 
I send <this and in answer to w h . Y r ^> Excellcy writes ab l 
sending <a Party as Outscouts to Saragh>toga, can only Say 
that I <find already it not att all> agreable to the Indians, 
being <^so inclined^* & ready to go against Canada <^where 
they Say thy can^> do more Execution. Moreover thy < never 
like to keep> in a Garrison among So Many Christians. Yes- 
terday a party of 32 Christians and Indians returned from 
Saraghtoga <^whom I^> sent there in hopes to have met and 
intercepted some of the Enemy <scouts> but met none, there's 
None will at all times more readily comply & obey Y r Excellcy 8 
Orders than I shall, at this time I woud beg leave <to Assure^ 
Y r . Excellcy. that the Consequence of it may be of Disservice 
at present by keeping them from fighting being now inclineing 
that way more & more. Wherefore, I hope Y r . Excellcy. will 
pardon this in me, thinking it my Duty to tell you my Sentiments 
therein. I have this Week Sent out a parcel of Conajoharees 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 81 

mixt with a few of the five Nations against the french & their 
Settlements, and am Everry day busy w th fitting out More. I 
am going to send up Capt n . Stephens with 2 of the Liu ts w th a 
small party of Men, & a few Cheifs of the 2 Castles w tK them, 
to bring down Some of the five Nations to go a Scalping. I am 
of opinion We shall make the french Smart this Spring by taking 
Sculping, & burning them, & their Settlements, but I shall be 
ruined for want of Blankets, linnen, paint, Guns, Cutlashes &ca. 
for I am almost out of all those & Cannot get them in Albany 
I believe Y r Excellc?. has seen how difficult it was last fall for 
You to get those things but how much more so for me being so 
envyed by them, Wherefore if I cannot have them from York 
by the first Opertunity I do not know what I shall do. So hope 
Y r Excelled will endeavour to have them procured & Sent up, 
as also the pay of those belonging to me ab*. 430 Who were so 
uneasy going out now that I payed the most of them to encourage 
them. As for the relief for Oswego I shall be ready any time 
when the Lake is open to transport them. Old Hendrick is in a 
pritty fair Way of recovering again, w h . will be of great Service 
to our Cause. I hope that Y r . Excelled will < Order it so, that 
my people may be Supplied as the rest w th Everry thing a March 
w h is requisite. I will do all in my power to get y u a pair of 
horses, but dont think I can get any, will Just match them, you 
described before. I must beg leave to remind Y r Excellcy, once 
more of those things I wrote for, haveing So great a necessity 
for them. I shall use my utmost to get as many Indians & 
Christians as possible and as soon as may be to go again y e 
Enemy. I am w th the greatest respect Y r Excellcys. Much 
obliged Humble Serv*. 

W.J: 

To GOVERNOR CLINTON, 
D R S R 

This Inst I was> favoured w lh < Yours and> am much 
oblidged to you for <your> good Wishes, w ch I sincerely 
return. As to the party w h . you intend to Send to Oswegoe I 



82 Sir William Johnson Papers 

- 
shall be ready to transport 'em a little after the Lake opens w h 

I Judge to be ab l a fourtnight but be that as jit will I shall always 
let you know beforehand time Enough. / We kept S l Patrick 
yesterday & this Day & drank y r Health & all freinds in Albany 
w* so many other Healths, that I Can Scarce write, & I am 
w th great regard D r . S r . Y r . Most obedient Humble Serv*. 

W M . JOHNSON^ 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : To Gov r . Clinton 



TO JOHN STODDARD 1 

A. Df. S. 
Mount Johnson March 24 th </ 746/7 > 

S* 

Since the receipt of y rs . I rec d . <a Letter > from Govern r 
Clinton incloseing the Votes <of the> House of Representa- 
tives of Boston 4 th . Feb r y 1 746/7 allowing a Bounty to Such of 
Our friend<ly> Indians as may kill, or Captivate any of Our 
Enemy, w h . is a verry good thing, and certainly will be of great 
Service if rightly apply ed, (that is to Say) in such a manner as 
may be most Serviceable, and Agreable to them all, w* 1 in my 
opinion, In as much as Our government allowes a Sufficient 
Bounty for Such already and the Indians being therwith Content 
and as now I have prepared Severall partys to go Imediately 
again <st> the Enemy who Expect no More than w* I paid 
them Last Fall, Would be this, to lay out that Money foi 
Clothing & Subsisting Some of the Warriours, Sachems & 
familys who must of Consequence want Severall necessarrys 
While their young Men are at War. Altho Our Governour has 
given me a full power to do all this, yet Im Sensible from w* 
Experience I've had already, it will be verry hard to do and vastly 
Expensive as they are & will be more Numerous and poor having 
kept them from Hunting this long time, to be ready at a Call. 



1 Colonel John Stoddard, of Northampton, Mass. See Francis Park- 
man, A Mali Century of Conflict, 2:219-20. 



King Georges War, 1 7 44- J 7 48 83 

I've already Cloathed & fitted out Severall Partys Who are 
going Imediately against the Enemy and determined to destroy 
all thy can, as well Indians as French and as I've begun shall 
Continue to do <^all that is in my^> power to go thorough w 1 * 1 
this affair w h . tho <jt has been, & is^> very difficult & trouble- 
some to me in particular, <yet I]> hope it will be of the greatest 
Service to the Com<^mon Cause. ^> I am S r with much Esteem 

Y r verry Humble Serv 1 . 

W M JOHNSON 
COLL J N STODDARD 

P. S. M r . Lyddius has been at my House this Week who 
talked w th me ab l this Affair I told him w* I thought of it w h 
I suppose he will acquaint you off. 

If you have any news from Home as We daily Expect now, 
Should be much obliged to you for it. 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. 

<Ne York, 25* March, 1747 
SIR> 

I have received yours <of the 1 8 th March & am> to acquaint 
you I have done <^ every thing in my]> power to purchase Indian 
Guns & Cutlasses, <but there> is none to be had for any 
Money, neither <can I> get any Welsh Cottens or black 
Strouds, but have sent you up by M r Levingston's Sloop & which- 
I bought of him Ten pie[ce]s of Indian Blankitts & <Ten> 
pie[ce]s of Strouds which I directed to M r Holland for 
<him> to deliver out to you or Order; The Ten pie[ce]s of 
Blankitts & four pie[ce]s of Strouds, I have now by Cap* Dowe 
Sent you up in a Box directed to M r Saunders 18 pie[ce]s of 
3/4 Garlick y e best I coud get in Town & four pie[ce]s of fine 
Double D. & 30 tt of Vermillion, which is all I coud get, but 
shall still use my Endeavours to look out to purchase up what I 
can, & also will Employ Holland to look out at Albany & must 



84 Sir William Johnson Papers 

buy my Guns again y e Second time y* I have given & they have 
sold for them. 

We have just now a report that 300 Indians is come down to 
your House to offer their Service to go out a fighting. I hope to 
God it's true because it makes some people put on dismal Faices. 

We have another report y* M r Lydius has carried out 45 
Mohowk Indians to y e Eastwerd, I should be glad to give all y e 
Assistance in every Shape I could, for the General good of the 
Service, but then I expect to be < acquainted with every thing 
that passes, or I may be greatly disapointed^> as to any orders 
I may <want to give, and I am> very certain M r Lydius can- 
not <give them the> encouragement you can, as he is tyed 
down <& you not,> but it is deceiving both Governm ts ., & I 
shall <writte to> M r Shirley on y l Subject & in y e mean time 
I would have you send out as many as you possibly can <on> 
my account, He cant get Blanketts & c if you cant & if Money 
getts them, you Shan't want for y l . I am very Glad to hear my 
Friend Hendrick is on the recovery & pray let him know y { I 
Say so. 

I have paid the 430 pd to Craige a long time ago, let me hear 
from you as often as possible. Spair no expence to communicate 
any thing to me worth my knowing, & I have given orders to 
Holland to forward imeadiatly packits y l he shall receive from 
you y l requires haist by Battoe or y e quickest & best Meathod he 
can, & so Shall M r Saunders be repaid any Expence he may 
be att for y l Service. 

I have just meet y e Assembly this day & desired they would 
give dispatch to what I have recommended to them especially to 
y e building Two forts at Carrying place 1 y l I intend for Albany 
as soon as possible. 

Ive no more to at present but shall write Soon, & am Sir 
Your very humble Serv* 

G CLINTON 



'* Two Forts are to be built at the Carrying-place, towards Crown- 
Point." From Governor Clinton's speech to the Assembly March 25, 
1 747, Journal of the Legislative Council of New York, p. 963. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 85 

Just now arrived a Vessell in 10 weeks from England brings 
no news but hope he may have Some things we may want 
COLL JOHNSON 



FROM MARY RIORDON 

A. L. S. 

[March , I747 1 ] 
HONOURABLE S R . 

Being a poor Distressed woman and haveing a young Child 
and not haveing wherewith to Subsist in this town is Desiroures 
to travel towards pensilvenia But not haveing any thing to Bear 
my Expences Do make Bold to write to your honour Hopeing 
of your goodness and Bounty will take in Consideration to assist 
a poor Distressed woman and in so doing your poor Distressed 
petitioner will for your wellfare Ever pray 

MARY RIORDON 

ADDRESSED: To the 

Right Honourable 
Colonell Johnston 

Esq r 
This 



FROM JOHN H. LYDIUS 
A. L. S. 

Albany Aprill 21 1747 
CORNELL JOHNSON 
S 

I receaved Yours of Aprill 1 7 th thiss Instant with the Inclosed 
for Which I Return you tanks I have sent you T[h]ree Paks 
of Ladder according to Order And the Tow Guns. I have 
Nothing to mention that is New as that Coll 1 . Roberts 2 is Come 



1 Conjectural date. 

2 Lieutenant Colonel John Roberts, Doc. Rel. to Col Hist. N. Y., 
6:314 (note). 



86 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and is to morrow Going to Saragtoge Majer Rudder ford saluts 
You as Doss my Spous and Incloss You a Letter from Major 
Williams which I Receaved Jesterday 

PS 

I als send You 25 Lim[e]s I had for You from M r Burns 
and 1 5 from P. Van Alen hoe Desirs to know Weder he is to 
take Down the flower Now or The Nex Trip or wen ever You 
order it. in Hast I am Your True Frind and Dutifull Servent 
To Comand 

JOHN H. LYDIUS 

ADDRESSED: To Cornell William Johnson Esq r 

att Mount Johnson 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y. t 6:343-44, is an extract from a 
letter of Johnson to George Clinton, relating a fight between friendly 
Indians and the enemy, dated April 24 ; inclosed in Clinton to the Lords of 
Trade, 1747, May 12. Another account, believed to have been inclosed 
in Clinton to the Lords of Trade, 1747, September 27, is in the Public 
Record Office, C. O. 5.1061, London, England. It exhibits numerous 
slight variations from the other copy. 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. 

New York 25* April 1747 
SIR 

You will find by y e ^Paragraph on ye other side of a^> Mes- 
sage I sent to the Assembly < yesterday that I> have taken 
Notice of the Endeavours < which I> suspect some people of 
Albany have <^used for^> to obtain a kind Neutrality between 
them & Canada. 

You told me of some private Messages you heard had been 
sent by Indians for y e purpose. Send me a perticular account of 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 87 

what you know & have heard on y* subject & of what you can 
now or at any time after this learn by further enquiry, I expect 
you will use all the deligence possible to discover every part of 
this Scheme & in what manner it has been carried on. I Long 
much to hear from you for we have most villinous reports spread, 
I hope the Indians all remain Stedfast & in good health, 
/in this Bill y* I am going to pass y e Council did not it proper 
to put rewards for Scalping or taking poor women or Children 
Prisiners in it, but the Assembly has assured me the Money shall 
be paid when it so happens, If y e Indians insist upon it/ I am 
Sir 

Your very humble Ser* 

G CLINTON 

^Gentlemen 

You cannot be> ignorant y l many in <ye Province,^ and 
its Neighbouring Colonies are <^perswaded that^> the Principal 
Traders, and y e Richest Men <^in Albany ^> do not wish well 
to the Success of any Expedt n < against > Canada, & this from 
a view which a few Men of considerable estates & influence by 
their family relations have to their private advantage gained by 
a Trade w 1 * 1 Canada, & is always most advantagious in time of 
War with France, & which (for y e Common good) I hope I 
have effectualy Stopt, I must therefor tell you y f I am Suspicious 
y l all y e Difficultys I met with in my treating with y e Indians, & 
engaging them heartily in y e War, arose chiefly from this Source ; 
For if these men could have prevented y e Indians joining in y e 
War, & could have prevailed with them to declare for a Neu- 
trality, they hope'd to lay me under a Necessity of falling into y e 
same Measures for y e very Same purpose all y e defficulties y*. 
could be contrived, without an open declaration of their Intentions 
were lay'd in y e way of every preparation that became Necessary 
for y e Success of any Enterprize against Canada 

This Scheme there is some reason to believe was in concert 
with y e Govern 1 , of Canada from a Message which he sent to y e 



88 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Six Nations at y e time of my last Treaty w th them, wherein he 
tells them That he took pity of their Brethren at Albany & would 
from y l time turn his Indians from y l Place on their most inveterate 
Enemies of New England. 

ADDRESSED: To Coll 1 . Johnson 

at Mount Johnson 
To y e Care of M r Rob 1 . Saunders 
At Albany 



JOHNSON S SPEECH TO THE INDIANS AND LETTER TO GEORGE 

CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:358-63 are printed Johnson's 
speech delivered April 25 to the United Nations, and Johnson's letter of 
May 7 to George Clinton, showing the difficulty of managing the Indians 
without an ample supply of goods, arms and provisions and restriction of 
the rum traffic. 



FROM JOHN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

Smithtonn May the 12 th 1747 

After many repeated letters wrote both by my father and I, 
it has been a sensible affliction to us that we have not had a letter 
from you more than two years we had long since given over the 
thoughts of your being in the number of the liveing thinking that 
nothing but death could have prevented you from giveing that 
great satisfaction to my father and [ ] all. x the late 

ace 1 . I have had in a letter from [ ] Warren of your 

being well makes me write [ ] more in hopes to have 

the pleasure of hear [ing from] you and if possible to be inform'd 
what motive [injduces you not to Enquire for us or give us the 
pleasure of informing us of your welliear as you may be assured 
the hearing of your being in a prosperous scituation would be 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 89 

Equally agreeable to us as happy to yourself, now D r B r . I 
Expect nothing will retard my hearing from you and as my B r . 
Warren informs me you deale to London and cannot but have 
correspondents there who would carefully forward your letter 
to us and as nothing would be a greater happyness to me than to 
hold a close correspondents with you; the Bearer hearof 
M r . Clark Johnson is a friend of ours [ earjnestley 

re [co] mmend him to you if in your power [ ] him 

Either as to your own part or by your influence] with my 
Unckle or Cozen Tyrrell if requisite as [ ] people 

are so good natured till foreign Climates change us. 'T must^ 
trouble you to let me know what became of Patt Flood 1 & James 
Rogers' my Father gives you his blessing and my sisters Joyn 
in love to you who am D r . B r . 

Yours affec^. 

JOHN JOHNSON 

ADDRESSED : To M r . William Johnson at Mount Johnson in the 
County of Albany in America 



FROM JOHN ROBERTS 
A. L. S. 

Schoneghtadey, <May 24, 1747> 
S* 

I had your favour and have since seen Cap* Broadheads 
Lieutenant who informs me there was 24 Private men left at 
Fort Wm. 2 I am much supprised to hear those Company s have 
acted so contrary both to Reason and their own Intrest, as they 
were begining to be paid & the season of the year must inevitably 
deside the direction of the Troops in Six or Seven weeks, at 
farthest and how much more commendable woud it be to have 
prosicated the expidition or been paid and discharged with honour 
and reputation, then behaved in the Scandalous manner they have 



See Bryan Flood to Patrick Flood, June 5, 1741. 

Fort William, later known as Fort Williams, at Rome, N. Y. / 



90 Sir William Johnson Papers 

done, however to prevent all ill consiquencies that might happen 
from it, I have sent Cap* Ross with his Company as you desired 
I have reason to belive from their behaviour hitherto, that they 
are the properest Company for that staytion As I am unac- 
quainted with the present Situation there, I have ordered Cap* 
Ross to march to Fort W m . and Posess him self of that Fort till 
he receives your orders. You will direct the remainder of Cap* 
Broadheads Companys in the manner you shall judge proper 
wether to joyn or otherwise, if they incline to take the first part 
of there pay now sent up till the rest comes which will not be long 
first I will order it. but as it is for there conveniency and not 
mine I shall not press it. fourteen Companys are paid. I shall 
pay two more to morrow. Please to let have your answer with 
the number of men &c. I am with a Sincere attachment S r : 
Your most obed*. hum 1 . Servant 

J ROBERTS 

Forgive Blunders for I write with twenty People talking 
round me 

To COLL. W M . JOHNSON 
ADDRESSED: On his Majesties Service 

To Coll Johnson at Mount Johnson 



JOHN STODDARD TO JOHN H. LYDIUS 
Contemporary Copp 

<N ih Hampton, May 26 1747 

I rec d y r of Aprile 23 & the 5 th instant (if I remember right) 
which I sent to Gov r Shirley, with a large Letter of my o 
wherein I represented to him the> Difficulty that you an 
<^Coll. Johnson would soon be reduced to in Case^> the Gov 
ernments did not Supply <with money & Goods to enable y 
to De>fray the Charge of fitting out the << Indians &c. I wrot 
pressingly to> him & urged that he woud send a thousan 
< Pound in Bills of the last> Emission, before the sitting of our 
Assembly, <that woud be a little> Comfort to you, an 






King Georges War, 1744-1748 91 



Encouragement to the Indians <^till the Governments^ should 
have Opportunity to sgree upon the Manner & proportion <^of ^> 
Supplying for the Indians. I let him know in the best manner I 
was able, the discouragement the Indians would be soon under, 
in Case the Governments did not take effectual Care to recom- 
pense the Indians Service, & although he did not think proper to 
send any Money or Goods till the assembly should meet (which 
was to be in a few Days) yet by his Letter to me he seemed 
Convinc'd of the Necessity of sending ample Supplys and will 
promote the same in the Assembly; he has likewise written to 
Gov r Laws 1 that he would Encourage their Assembly in their 
present Session to Contribute to the Charge of the War now 
carrying on by the Six Nations. I have also written to Gov r 
Laws for the same Purpose. Gov r Shirley likewise tells me he 
will write to the other Governments, and I cant but Expect a 
good Issue. I intend very shortly to go to Court where nothing 
shall be wanting on my part to obtain Supplies for the Indians, 
that they may not be discouraged, nor you nor Coll. Johnson be 
Sufferers. 2 You know that I am limited by the Act of Court, and 
that I cant advance any thing to fit out Indians unless they take 
their Departure from hence & that I am to pay so much & 
Prisoner & Scalp, which I am sensible is inconvenient, and think 
the way that you & Col. Johnson take is preferable, and I dont 
see but that you may proceed hereafter with the Indians in the 
same Manner, though you & I shoud Compute what I am to pay 
in another Manner (viz) by so much for a Scalp & so much for 
a Prisoner if the Indians have their Money it seems not material 
in what manner provided the sum Exceed not what they might 
challenge <in Consequence of the Act of Court. 



1 Jonathan Law, governor of Connecticut, 174150. 

2 In the New York Historical Society are six letters from Lydius to 
Stoddard, dated November 20, 1 746, March 26, May 8, May 31, June 
5 and September 19, 1747, in which are mentioned a visit of Johnson to 
New York, French prisoners, allowances and supplies for Indian fighters, 
the disposition of the Massachusetts Representatives to save Johnson from 
pecuniary loss, and an expedition undertaken by him with Lydius. The 
last-named letter mentions inclosed letters of Johnson. 



92 Sir William Johnson Papers 

< There fore, I desire you for the Present to send out so many 
Parties as (if they are Succeeded) may probably bring in twenty 
or thirty scalps & Prisoners, &> I will pay you the <Bounty 
of our Government for them,> & I hope there will be Oppor- 
tunity <to give farther directions, > but I hope before there will 
<^be farther occasion, ^> the Government will take another 
method <& directly make> remittances to you, to be Employed 
in the <]best manner^> you can. 

<You> are sensible that there are difficulties that attend us 
in managing this affair, for our Bills of publick Credit are not 
well accounted of with you. New York money is not easily 
obtained amongst us, and I dont think that our Goods at Boston, 
especially Strouds are any way Equal to what is sold at Albany, 
and shoud be glad you woud let me know whether it be best to 
send any Goods from Boston, and what sorts if any. Powder & 
Lead (I suppose) we have in plenty. Vermilion is 4 fl. 10 s . O d . 
old Ten r . Garlix are Plenty, and you know what other 
sorts better than I can tell you. I hear the Parliament have made 
a considerable Grant to reimburse the Charge of Cape Breton 
Expedition and 'tis probable that good Payment may be made 
by Bills of Exchange, shoud therefore be glad to know how 
much y r People give in York Money for a Bill of one hundred 
Pounds Sterling and whether it will suit Coll. Johnson to take a 
Bill of Exchange for any thing he may Supply the Indians withall 
upon the Account of our Government: 

I hope you will be able to Inform me of the Success of several 
more Parties. When you send any Parties on my Ace* Please 
to let me know their Numbers, & the names of their Com drs & 
when they return Please to let me have the best Evidences that 
can be had of the Scalps, and Prisoners taken by them Please 
to give my humble Regards to Coll. Johnson. 
I remain S r 

y r very humble Serv 1 . 

JOHN STODDARD 
to MAJ LYDIUS. 

Copy. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 93 

FROM JOHN H. LYDIUS 

CORLL JOHNSON ' Allan, Ma, 29 1 747 

S R . 

Yours of the 25 th I receaved with the Agreable News of the 
success of the Indian Parties Returnd I sent the Gove r . Letter 
y e same day I Receaved it By John Bekmen hoe I suppose will 
to Morrow bie in New York Peter Van Alen is Come bak this 
Nite and Desiers to Know Weder he is to take the Peas and 
Remender of the Flower Now Down this trip 

Robert is Not Come bak with him Nor Did he Rite a Line 
also I Desird him to send a peas of Pennestin and some Limes 
or Juse 

I have Returnt a Bagger to Gitt You a score of Limes which 
I send You I had them of Major Rutherford and D r . Cahoen 
hoe Desiers to be Rememberd to You and Join with Me in 
Greaf for the Pane we Lern You suffer I Just heard by one 
that Run away from the Gard of New Englend Peopel a Going 
to Hosick with Provisions that thay were ataked by sum Indians 
the Particulars we will have when the Wagons Returns in Hast 
I Remen S r . 

Yours to Comand 

JOHN H. LYDIUS 

ADDRESSED: To Cornell William Johnson Esq r . 
att Mount Johnson 

TO GEORGE CLINTON 1 
A. Df. S. 

^iwr -. i Vr IT May the 30* 1747 

<May it please Y r . Exccel ?. 

You cannot Conceive the Uneasiness y r long Silence gives me 
not having the Honour of a line from you since the 30 th of April, 



1 Compared in part; original badly burned and faded. This letter, 
some matter being omitted, is printed in William L. Stone*s Life and 
Times of Sir William Johnson, 1 :255-57. 



94 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



it now being the only time that I want Assistance of Money for 
Scalps and Instructions most, Haveing such Numbers Every Da) 
ab*. me, going to Warr, w h . takes abundance of Arms, Amuni- 
tion, & Cloathing, and am quite bare of most of those things. 
Y r . Exccel^. will consider that what I have rec d . is but a mere 
trifle, among so Many as I have to distribute it among, Altho 
never So Sparingly done. & were it not for My own Store & 
what goods I was oblidged to buy I should have been oblidged 
to have dropped the Affair Some time ago, w* 1 would be verry 
hard after all my trouble to bring them so heartily to our Interest. 
I am quite pestered every day w th - partys returning w th . Prisonners 
& Scalps & not a penny allowed me to pay them, wK is hard 
upon me & verry displeasing to them I assure you, for they Expect 
it, & demand it of me, as Soon as ever they Return w h . I men- 
tioned to Y r . Excell c y. in my last of the 25 th Inst. as also the 
Return of Lu*. Thorn 8 . Butler & his party w th . 8 prisonners, & 
another party of Conajoharees &c a . with 3 prisonners & 2 Scalps, 
all those plague me daily for their Money, & want to be going 
out again directly, & now if they find the present is not ready 
here for them, they tell me this was but a Draw to incourge 
them upon w h . I told em their Money was ready by the Com rs . 
only produce their pris rs . & scalps to them, w h . they declared they 
would not, neither did they think that they had any more to Say 
to them. Wherfore I wish Y r . Excell ?. would please Consider 
of it shortly. This Day arrived another party of Mine consisting 
only of Six Mohawks from Canada, w th . 7 prisonners, & [3?] 
Scalps, w h . is 4 more than they had Men in Compy. & what you 
will seldom or never hear of. I thank God there is nothing 
wanting or backward in my affairs. Wherfore hope Y r . Excell ?. 
will not let me Suffer or the Cause drop for want of things 
requisite to carry it out w h . I shall always give y u . timely notice of. 
If Y r . Excell c y. intends to come up Soon to Albany, I should 
be glad to receive y r orders conserning the Indians comeing down, 
for thy certainly expect to be called, or invited down this Summer 
by you, or Else by me. I am positive I could do more w l \ them 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 95 

here by farr, than if they went to Albany & not above quarter the 
Expence. because there they are Corrupted by Evil people, & 
drink all the goods they gett, wheras here they have not that 
opertunity, but can bring them home & Shew their familys what 
they had of you, w h . would incourage them much more over here 
I have all my Counsellors the Mohawks & Conajoharees, with 
whose assistance I could bring them to anything. There is noth- 
ing more requisite at present than Some blew Camblet, red 
Shaloon, Good * lace & white Mettall Buttens for to make 
up a parcel of Coats, for some Cheif Warriours who are now out 
of the Seneca's &ca & others daily Expected, wherfore I wish Y r . 
Excellcy would please to Send me up ^ first opertunity 4 p s . of 
blew Camblet, as much red Shalloon lace Sufficient for it, & ab*. 
20 good Castor Hatts, w th . Scallop lace for them all white lace 
if to be had, if not Some Yellow w th . it, this I assure Y r . Excellcy 
goes a great way w th them, being gained so mostly by the french 
always and of Consequence w* thy Expect from us and are 
promised it at present. There is three Months pay due to my 
officers & People the 1 st . of June and as thy are all up on hard 
Service w lh . the Indians daily require their pay w h I hope y r . 
Excell c y will please to pay Unto M r . Anthony Duane Merch*. 
In New York, who will give Y r . Excellcy. a receipt for it. I 
also should be glad Y r . Excellcy would advise me how I shall 
gett the Money for the Inclosed Ace", being now a Year due 
almost & by y r . orders. Just as I was finishing my letter arrived 
another party of Mine Consisting only of Six Mohawks who 
brought w th . them 7 prisonners & 3 Scalps. w h . is verry great 
for so small a party I have my houses &ca now all full of the 
five Nations, Some going out to Morrow against the French, 
others ab l . News, w h when finished shall let Y r . Excellcy. know. 
My Peoples success is now the talk of the whole Country. I 
Expect in a Short time Severall More partys Home from Canada 
I belive Hendrick will be the first who I dare Say will bring a 
great Many w th . him dead, or alive, so that we will Want a great 

1 Probably Gold in the original. 



96 Sir William Johnson Papers 

sA deal of Money among em all. thy have brought in this Spring 
as follows 

first by Liu 1 . Walter Butler & his Party from Crown Point 

the Scalps of Men 6 

By Liu*. Thorn 3 . Butler & Party Prisoners 8 

By Canajoharee Party 3 prisoners 3 

Scalps 2 

By Gingegoe & party prisonners 7 

Scalps 3 



this Spring Totall 29. 

If the money is sent up to me for this use I shall give Certificates 
of their Age, & render a Clear Ac ct - thereof & the Indians shall 
receive it all in Dollars, & not be cheated as thy would be by 
others, who would only give them Some trifles of goods, Rum 
&ca. for it w h . usage has ruined our Indians mostly. I am w lh . 
the greatest respect Y r . Excellc? 5 . Much oblidged, Humble 
Serv l .> 

W M . JOHNSON. 
To GOVERNOUR CLINTON 

TO GEORGE CLINTON 
Contemporary Copy * 

[Mount Johnson] 31 st . May 1747 

having daily such Numbers of Indians about me for Scalp- 
ing money, Arms & Ammunition &c: & as I am quite bare 
of most of those things & y r . Exellency knows what I have 
receivd is but a trifle among so many, & was it not for my Store, 
I should have been obliged to drop the Cause. 

Every thing answers beyond Expectation. 

This day arived another party of mine consisting only of 6 
Mohawks from Canada with 7 Prisoners & 3 Scalps, which is 
a thing seldom heard of. 



Public Record Office, C. O. 5.1095, London, England, 



King Georges War, J 7 44-1 7 48 97 

The Indians would be pleased to receive their Money in 
Dollars 

Nothing more wanting than thin Stuff for Coats, for War- 
rieres laced Coats, Hats with open lace, Ruffled Shirts 

Wanting 4 pieces blew Camblet 4 pieces red Shalloon, Silver 
lace for trimming some broad some Narrow if not all Silver 
some Gold as last Year. 20 Caster hats with scollop Lace a 
parcell of Bullet Moulds for casting Ball & Swan Shot 

W M JOHNSON 

INDORSED: Abstract of Coll 

Johnsons Letter 3 1 st May 
1747 

TO JOHN HENRY LYDIUS 1 
FROM TEADY MAGIN 2 

Owego 2 ih <June, 1747> 
C OL . JOHNSON 
& 

This is to acquaint You that Cassieneunt two Sons is going 
down to fight Against the French with Eight Indians and 
Ottrowano is gone to his Castle to gett his fighters in readiness 
and then he will be down with You as Soon as possible I have 
had the Happiness to Stop the Connout here at Oswego in his 
Voyage to Canada he also will be down and his Son Like- 
wise. I have also true Intelligence that Seaven Castles of the 
foreign Nations will joyn with Us and the five Nations where- 
fore I begg you will take good Care for those which I now Send 
down to You; No more at Present but my Service to all good 
Friends with this I Conclude S r . 

Y r MostHumb 1 . F: & Ser' 

TEADY MAGIN 

N B I have also Stoped two Onondagers in their Vouyage 
to Canida they will also be down with all Speed by Land 
ADDRESSED : To Co 1 William Johnson 
att Mount Johnson 

1 Letter of June 1 . 1 747. See Appendix. 

2 Letter is in handwriting of Thomas Butler. 

4 



98 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM JOHN CRAIG 
A. L. S. 

OsTvego June y e 6, 7747 

CORN LL JOHNSON 
S R . 

Yours I Recevd and am Hartly sory for to hear of Your Dis- 
order. I houp the Joy of Yowr New Prisnors that is Come By 
M r . T. Butler will Give You Eais of Yowr Pain. I hear ther 
is 8 I have sent down 3 packs of Befer and one of Skins and 
small fers and 9 smal Bear skins By Isack Coylar if Befer is at 
a hay Pris plis to sell it or send it to My wife if Not Stor it till I 
Come down and You will oblige Yowr Ever affexoned frend 
and servnt 

To Command 

JOHN CRAIG 

P. S. Plis to forward y e Inclosed to My wife and I Beg you 
will Mis No oppertunity to let Me Know how Show is 

I have Spok to y e 3 offisers hear and told them that y e only 
thing they Could Dow was to let you have y e half of y e Sub- 
sistans that they had Not men for or they Might Depend on it 
theu should have No Mor Alowans then they had men and they 
ar very mouch affronted and says that it is No los to you for y e 
Goverment Pays You for it. I told them that you should Be 
a Great louser By it for you wer forst to pay 8 wher formerly 
was 4 But I ashur your if you wold send as Moch Mor they 
have nid of it Cap*. Butler to Give to y e Indins that Make him 
Presents and Cap*. Fisher and Leu*. Babtest to sell By y e whol 
Bags to the tredars if y e tredars had Not a Suplay hear from the 
Offisars I ashur you they shuld sterfe for ther is skers aney hear 
that Brings Mor than serves them up and Down they By flowr 
for 5/ pr Skipel pis 1 for 4/ Pork for /6 pr pound By ther 
Manigment they Kipe the Gerison alwis in a por Condishon 
and still Refleks on you they told Me they wanted 13 Berals 
of Pork yet and Meall peas and Indin Corn a great Deall 

1 Peas. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 99 

FROM BEYER BOIN AND ACOS VAN SCHLEYCK 
A. L. S. 

[Burnetsfield, June 8, 1747] 
COLLENEL JHONSON 

Myn Heer, ick ende Myn Swager Acos Van Schleyck, 
Seynde geneegen om Naer oswege te gaen Handele, So is ons 
Versoeck an Myn Heer of VE: ons wilde Voord Sette met 
eenig Handel goed ende twe oxhooft Rom met den erste, lat 
ons doch weete, of wey het kenne Hebe, wey Sellen Het haale 
in Schonechdade of in Albany 

Wey Verbleifen met Respect 
VE: Dienstwillige Dienars 
REYER BOIN 
Acos VAN SCHLEYCK 

ADDRESSED: To Coll r . W m . Johansen att or Naer Mohaxt Land 

Translation 

COLONEL JOHNSON 

SlR: I and my brother-in-law Acos Van Schleyck being 
inclined to go to Oswego to trade, our request is whether your 
Honor would be willing to favor us with some merchandise and 
two hogsheads of rum at the first opportunity? Kindly let us 
know if we can have them. We shall get them in Schenectady 
or in Albany. 

We remain, with respect, 
Your Honor's obedient servants, 
REYER BOIN 
Acos VAN SCHLEYCK 

ADDRESSED: To ColK W m . Johansen at or near Mohawk's land. 



100 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM JOHN H. LYDIUS 
A. L. S. 

Albany June 1 6th 1747 
CORNELL JOHNSON 
S R . 

We have Letters in town from Cap 1 Jordin from Saragtoge 
that the Schoharie Partie John, the Rever Indian wass Come 
bak there without Success and Brings an Account that thay saw 
300 Burch Canows Arive there who where saluted with 12 ps 
Cannon and thay answerd with small arms thay on their Can- 
oews had 2 wite flags and 2 Drums and that the Next Day sat 
out to Come on this way ! I am suspitious that it is in sommagers 
Soo wherefore I wiss Your Honor would in the first place Make 
your self Rady to Reseave them wormly and in the second place 
send Out som Careful Indians to Reconater them the Account 
is with sum slited 

I hope Your Honour will Juse this Prudence for fear of a 
surprise Robbert is Not Jet Come if Anything New With 
Your honor I wiss you would Give us part I Conclude with 
subscribing to be sincearly your Humbel servent 

JOHN H: LYDIUS 

P : S Cap 1 Trent has much the same Account as is Come from 
Swege by the way of Pensilvania of the Indians in the French 
Interest to have brok with them and their killing some of the 
French Trader Near the Lake Erie and that 1 60 wass gon to 
Attak the french at Tejugsagsonti of which success we will soon 
hear 

ADDRESSED: To Coll Johnson Esq r . 
at Mount Johnson 



King Georges War, 1 7 44-1 7 48 101 

FROM COMMANDING OFFICER AT SARATOGA 
Contemporary Copy 

<Saratog, Saturdy: night, June: y 20 th 1747 
Copy:> 

I wrote you <Last night which was^> Giving you an ace 1 of 
the < Unhappy Ingagemt, we had> yisterday 1 with the Frensh 
and <have thought proper to> write to you Again this Evening 
for the <followg. Reasons > This morning ab l ten of the Clock 
a Frensh <^Ind n Came running^> towards the Garrison and made 
all the <Signs of A Distress d > person fired of his Piece Laid 
it Down and Came <^up to the^> Garrison and Desired to be 
admitted in. Which was <^Grant d ^> And has made the fol- 
lowing Discourse to witt. Hee says he <^Came> out of 
Crownp* Under the Comm d of one Mons r Lacore 2 who is Com- 
mand r in Chief of the whole party which Consists of <^ twelve ^> 
Compan 8 And Since he has Tould Us he has four Thous d Frensh 
And Ind s . And he further Tells Us that Mons r Lacore went 
Up to the place of Rendev 3 which is the Great Carrying place 
After the Engagem* with M r Chews who with the Rest of the 
prisoners are Sent to Crownp* Mons r Lacore has Left Mons r 
Laguel As CommS: officer of Three Hund rd men. Who are 
Constantly Seen in the Woods Round the Garrison and he Says 
his Dissign is to Intercept All parties Coming from Albany And 
that Monsr Lacour is Expected Doun from y e . Carrying place 
with the Rest of the forces Under his Comm d . this Evening, 
and are Determened to Stay Here Until they Can have Several 
Guns, Provsions, & c : that they have Sent for to Crounp*. as think- 
ing it Impossible to Reduce this place with* Them tho Hee says 
they have got hand Granad 5 Cowhorns Shovels & Spades & 
firearrows in order to fire the Blokhouses which that party 
attempt 11 , to Do that fired Upon the Rounds from Under the 
Bank, the person appointed to ^form the Same had a Blankit 



x june 19. June 30, new style. 

2 Luc de Chapt de La Corne St Luc. 



102 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Carry ed Before him that we Should not Discover the fyer upon 
the point of the Arrows, tho they not finding things Accords : to 
their mind thouht it Best to Come the Next night and Undermine 
y e Blokhouse N 1 which they Understood the Maggez e was in. 
but now I have Rend d it Impossible by Levelling y e Bank and 
Am in Such a posture of Defence which will Render it Impos- 
sible to take y e Garrison with Small arms or any thing Else they 
have with thime. 

INDORSED: <Ogeewana is my name> 



ORDER OF GEORGE CLINTON FORBIDDING JOSEPH CLEMENTS 

FROM TRADING IN SPIRITUOUS LIQUORS WITH 

INDIANS OR SOLDIERS NEAR 

MOUNT JOHNSON 

D. S. 

By his Excellency the Hon ble George Clinton Captain 
General & Governour in Chief in & over the Province 
of New York & Territories thereon depending in 
America, Vice Admiral of the same & Vice Admiral 
of the Red Squadron of his Majesty's Fleet. 

Whereas complaint has been made to me against Joseph 
Clements, at or near Mount Johnson, that he the said 
Joseph has (after frequent warnings to the contrary) made 
it his business to sell to the Indians & Soldiers in & about 
the Fort at Mount Johnson, Ale, Beer, Sider, Rum, Brandy 
& other Spiritous Liquors, by which means they became 
drunk, & unfit for any Action, either in defending the said 
Fort, in case of any Attack or observing & annoying the 
Enemy; These are Therefore, in his Majesty's name to 
command the said Joseph Clements in no ways (from the 
Date of this my order) to sell, give, exchange, or cause to 
be sold, given, or exchanged any Ale, Beer, Sider, Rum, 
Brandy or any other Spiritous Liquors whatsoever, to any 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 103 

Indian, or Soldier in & about the said Fort, on his Peril, & 
in case the Said Joseph for himself, or any other person or 
persons for him or their Selves, Shall not strictly observe 
these my Orders, & obey them according to their Intent & 
Meaning, They shall be prosecuted by his Majesty's 
Attourney General to the utmost rigour of the Law. Given 
under my hand & Seal at Arms at Fort Frederick in Albany 
this Second Day of July 1 747 & in the Twenty first Year 
of his Majesty's Reign. 

G: CLINTON 

INDORSED : Orders to forbid Clement Selling liquors to Indians, 
or Soldiers att Mount Johnson 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
D. S. 

By his Excellency the Hon ble George Clinton Captain 
General & Governour in Chief of the Province of New 
York &c: &c: &c: 

Whereas The good of his Majesty's Service, the Safety of the 
defenceless Inhabitants of Conajoharee & the protection of the 
Indians (that are in Allieance with us) depend entirely on the 
preventing any Surprise or Incursion from the French or their 
Indians ; These are in his Majesty's name to require & direct you 
immediately to repair to Conajoharee & there to fix on a proper 
and convenient Spot of Ground to build a Fort on containing one 
Acre more or less, to be Stockaded in the best and Strongest 
manner you can, & to erect two Blockhouses in the most con- 
venient part of the Stockade, capable of containing at least one 
Company of Militia, to do duty there, & to keep watch night & 
day ; And what expences you may be at in building the aforesaid 
Fort, I shall recommend it in the strongest manner to the As- 
sembly to reimburse you. And the Commanding officer of the 
Company of Militia at the said Fort is directed & Commanded to 
keep the s d Company in strict Discipline by exercising the men 



104 Sir William Johnson Papers 

every day in Arms, that they may be upon their guard to prevent 
any Surprize from the Enemy, and protect not only the Inhabi- 
tants of Conajoharee, but the Indians (in our Alliance) that 
shall repair to the said Fort, for doing which this shall be your 
sufficient Warrant. 

Given at Fort Frederick, this second day of July 1 747, 1 

y G: CLINTON 

COLONEL WILLIAM JOHNSON 

at Mount Johnson 

INDORSED : Orders from Gov r . Clinton to me to build a Fort at 
Conajohare 

Anno 1747 

TO JOHN HENRY LYDIUS 2 

FROM JOHNSON TO CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. 9 6:386-87 is a letter of July 17th 
from Johnson to George Clinton, showing the success of negotiations with 
Oghguago and Six Nation Indians. 

FROM JOHN H. LYDIUS 8 

Albany July 30* 1747 

HONORED SR: 

Sins my Las with the Rum we have an acount in a Letter from 
Pillip Livingston Jun r 4 : To Tom Sharp of the Arival of 1 3 Sale 
of Man of War and a Rumeatch 5 at Luesburg Not Nowing what 
may be their Dissine with a Confirmation of the Success of our 
forces by Sea Cornell Mareiell is Arived Yesterday bak from 
Sarigtoge with the Loss of on of Capt Clarks men hoe wass Shot 



Mn Doc. Rcl. to Col. Hist. N. y.. 6:358, in a letter of July 23d 
from George Clinton to the Duke of Newcastle, is mention of the activity 
of Johnson's Indian war parties. In v. 6, p. 383-84, is given a con- 
ference, held at Albany July 1 6th, between Governor Clinton and 30 
Mohawks, who accompanied Johnson to this city. 

2 Letter of July 17, 1747. See Appendix. 

3 Original destroyed. 4 " Ind " in the proof. 8 Rum hatch? 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 



105 



by a french Indian in Going up with this Goss 8 Brigh Yong 
fellows from Westenhok to Join any party your Honor Pleases 
to Direct them to Hoe are fitted with all Nesesaries Ther Has 
ben Brot Bak 28 Deserters from Sopis the Offesers fierd on 
them and Shot one Tru the Sheak and one tru the Tey on which 
thay all prenderd but to hoe Run for it and Got off I have had 
a Litte. of Your Trobel with this 8 fellow as I wass alon my 
wif is Indisposed for this or six Days 

I Subscribe my self to be yours 
To Command 

JOHN : H. LYDIUS 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 

Col Johnson Letter Aug< 4, 1 747 
S. 

It is with much difficulty I can get time to lay pen to paper 
having my house & all my Outhouses Continually full of Indians 
of all Nations & more of late than Ever there is [ ] 

a day I can assure y r Excel 1 ?, but I am Obliged to Sit five or 
Six hours in their Council to hear what yy. have to Say & Answer 
them in Every point but my Satisfaction is I can say my 
Endeavours are not in Vain, as I find there will be no failure or 
delay on their Side having daily Messages & Assurances of y r . 
inviolable Attachment. The best & most Trusty of the Six 
Nations have by my Solicitations wrought Strongly on y e foreign 
Nations & I my Self Last Winter by Constant Invitations, & by 
Belts of Wampum, after their Manner have Secured y r friend- 
ship also, & now find them ready at a Call of the Six Nations 
with whom 'I have prevailed the last meeting to Send for, which 
is Accordingly done, wherefore as I must Expect Numbers to 
Come down Upon this Call it will requisite that your Excel ?. 

1 Copy in Massachusetts Historical Society. With omissions and less 
important differences, the letter is printed in Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. t 
6:387-88. 



106 Sir William Johnson Papers 

provide in time whatever may be necessary for their reception & 
fitting out ; for y?. all Expect to be Supplyd here by me as being 
their rendezvous. Y r . Excel ?, may be Sensible that what I have 
already had will come farr Short of a proper Supply for y e 
Numbers that may be Expected, and as things are Carryed So 
farr, without due Encouragement for these Indians it may move 
a resentment in them at their disappointment that may Effect y e 
whole Continent as to my Self Shall be Obliged to leave my 
Settlements & make y e [best?] retreat I can, If I am not furnished 
& Enabled to fullfill my Engagements with those Savages, I 
must advise y r Excel ?, that those forreign Indians who are 
desirous to Joyn us, were formerly in the french Interest So that 
in Case y e Expedition Should Drop, it would be well worth the 
Expence to Cultivate friendship with Such a powerful ally where- 
fore hope it may be Considered Ottrowana the great Cajuga 
Indian and others of the five Nations, Since they were with y r 
Excel ?, at Albany has informed me at a Meeting at my house 
in a private manner, but with much formallity by Belts of Wam- 
pum that the forreign Nations Viz : the Chenondadeys &c were 
resolved to Destroy Niagara as being an Impediment in their way 
to Oswego. where they are sensible they have been always well 
treated & much Imposed upon at Niagara having been Stopped 
there this Spring by their Artifice & Obliged to pay 20 Beavers 
for one Stroud Blankets besides Several other Impositions; they 
have applyed to the Six Nations privately for Liberty to Under- 
take the reduction of Niagara, which they are likely to Obtain, 
having the Consent of Some of y e Chiefs of Each Nation, tho* 
I am rather of opinion that a proper Number of y e Kings Troops 
Ag l it in Conjunction with y e Indians who are So hearty would 
make it more practicable, besides it Seems to me there would be 
a Necessity of keeping a large Garrison both there & at Oswego, 
for y e french would not Quietly brook y e Loss of it being of y e 
greatest Consequence to them next to y e reduction of y e whole 
Country, I Shall Send & Speak to y e Six Nations in as private 
a Manner as I can, to know their Disposition relating to our 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 107 

making Such an Attempt & Shall Acquaint y r . Excel ?, as Soon 
as I am Informed. 

I am resolved to Send M r Visgher one of my Lieu ts . imme- 
diately to Oswego with a Cargo of Goodfs] Arms Ammunition 
&c for y e use of y e forreign Indians & also of the Six nations, 
who Chuse to go from thence Ag l y e Enemy I Send y r Excel ?, 
the Indians Speech & my answer to it as Likewise their reply to 
that wh may Convince all people that what has been inserted in 
the News papers relating to their disiring a peace with y e french 
is a Villanous Libel for lam Certain the Indians had no Such 
Tho't neither did they no do they design any Such thing. Their 
Resentment Ag*. the French &c being higher than Ever. 

Last week I Sent out 3 parties of Indians of y e Six Nations 
two of them I Sent to Canada & one Consisting of 12 men to 
Crown point, they are all firmly resolved to Destroy whatever 
they meet of y e Enemy either French or Indians 

W M . JOHNSON 

TO GEORGE CLINTON 1 

A. Df. S. 
Mount Johnson, August 13 th . 1747 

<May it please y r Exxcelley:> 

This is to let y u . know y l Since My Last, <Ive Sent Lieu*> 
Visgher to Oswego w th . a Cargoe of goods <Arms &> Amm n . 
for the Use of the foreign Ind ns . &ca. <as you> will see by the 
orders inclosed. w h . I hope <will be of > great Service. I also 
Inclose y u . a Message <Sent> by the New England Indians 
to their Uncles the Mohawks & their Answer to it, by w h . all 
people may see that <they> are in Earnest, and resolved to 
proceed in y e . Warr. 

I this Day had an Ace* by an Indian Express from Oswego 
that there were a great Number of Seneca's & Some of the 



X 5ee Johnson to Clinton, August 14, 1747, in Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. 
N. 7., 6:388-89. 



108 Sir William Johnson Papers 

foreign Indians with them, (Called the Flattheads), comeing 
down to me w th . Severall belts of Wampum, one whereof is a 
vast large one, almost like the Warr belt y r . Excelb gave the Six 
Nations last Summer, which belt must Import a great deal of 
news. I expect them here in 2 Days and am makeing Every 
thing ready for their reception as Soon as I hear all their news, 
and done w lh . them shall let y r . Excellcy. Imediately know the 
purport of it. 

I also send y r . Excellcy. my Ace", in full since last Decb r , 
w h . I would have paid to M r . Antony Duane, if y r . Excellcy. 
pleases; his receipt shall be a Sufficient discharge therfore. I 
also Inclose your Excellcy. a letter from Leiu*. Butler at Oswego, 
to his Son in the Mohawks, by wc h . y r . Excellcy. may see how 
Unfitt he Is for that Duty at present. I made bold to write y r . 
Excellcy. some time ago ab*. the Money for Osweego <Suplys> 
w h . I never heard of Since, wherfore, would be much oblidged 
if y r . Excellcy. would only give Duane Directions how to get 
<it.> I hope y r . Excellcy, & Council will consider what a loss 
I must sustain by Supplying the garrison of Oswego at this Dan- 
gerous time, when <I am obliged to give Double the Hire now 
to Men as was usuall, and not to be had Since the Murder Com- 
mitted at Burnets field w h is in the Road. Wherfore have been 
obliged lately to gett some Ind ns > at an Extravagant <price to 
go with some Battoes there, > And now can get <no More of 
any kind to go without^> a good guard, the road being <>ealy 
too dangerous. Wherfore,^> hope y r Excellcy in Council will 
< Consider of it.> I Spoke to y r Excellcy when in albany ab* 
< Necessary s> for the Men destined for the Indian Service 
<^but^> find nothing done in it. Not haveing one pair <^of^> 
Indian Shoes for them, without which they cannot go through 
the Woods. I proposed doing great Service w th those Men, & 
Indians together, but it seems I may not have the opertunity, for 
there is not even one of y e . Compy 8 w h were ordered for that 
Service, moved up here yet which makes the Indians think worse 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 109 

& worse of Us after y r Excelled Assureing them they should be 
up verry Shortly. 

I lead a most miserable life among them at present. Occasioned 
by so many disapointments. I can already find out that the 
Men will not go upon such Service without some addition to their 
pay being verry hard duty. Wherfore could heartily wish, for 
the good of the Service, in Severall respects, that there might be 
something done in it shortly, [it Would be money much better 
applied and do 10 times the Service to the Country that the 
Outscouts or Bush lopers, as they Call them do, who are em- 
ployed ab l . Albany & Kinderhoofy to little or no purpose this is 
not only my opinion, but that of the generality also 1 ] I hope y r 
Excellcy will pardon me speaking my Sentiments. There is one 
thing I Wish y r Excellcy would please to Consider of, w h is my 
Extraordinary Expence of keeping severall hands imployed to 
attend the Numbers of Indians I daily have at my house, these 
1 2 Months past as also a Clerk who with Myself &ca, have more 
work than Man Can well bear Which the Country is verry 
Sensible of. So I shall leave it to Y r Excellcy 5 . Consideration 
What to do in it. As I have in my last of the 4 th Ins*. 3P Ab m . 
Dow acquainted your Excellcy of the Necessity of Sending up 
a Supply of goods, Shall only now let y r Excellcy know w* is 
proper, least you be at a loss therein so inclose you a Memo- 
randum of w* is most requisite for this Service. <[The Quantitys 
Shall leave to Y' Excellcy. 

Linnens, I am quite out of, haveing not one piece left, there 
being nothing so much need by y e Men Women & Children. As 
I shall be oblidged^> Shortly to trouble Y r Excellcy. with 
<] another Scrawl, > Shant add further, but that I am <<w th 
the> greatest respect Y r Excellcy 5 . Most Obedient Humble 
Serv' 

W M . JOHNSON 



1 Words italicized and within brackets are erased in the original manu- 
script. 



110 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



powder 

lead 

Shott 

flints 

Kettles 

Looking Glasses 

Scizors 

Razors 



A Memorandum of w l goods are most requisite for the Indian 
Service 

Blankets of 20 to the p s . & 25 Indian Awl blades 

White Walsh Cottens 

blew & black Strouds 

3/4 Linnen & y d . Wide 

Virmillion 

light guns 

Pistolls 

Cutlashes 

Long knives 

Axes 

Bullet Molds & Swan Shott D. 

Red gimps, or binding for the Hair as a Sign. 
Without all those Articles, You Cannot fitt out an Indian 
Warriour Compleatly 

To GOVERNOUR CLINTON 

LETTERS TO CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:384-85, is a letter of August 
15th from William Shirley, at Boston, to George Clinton, deprecating 
Johnson's displeasure at his employment of Lydius in Indian affairs; 
p. 388-89, is a letter of the 14th from Johnson to Clinton, telling of an 
Indian delegation on the way to his house, the difficulty of supplying 
Oswego and the need of a fresh supply of goods; and, p. 389, is a letter 
of the 19th from Johnson to Clinton, announcing a purpose to lead an 
expedition to Lake Sacrement. Johnson's of the 1 4th is found substantially 
with other matter in his letter of the 13th, here printed. 



FROM JOHN ROBERTS 
A. L. S. 

[August 22, 77471 
S R . 

I yesterday call'd a Council of Warr and inform'd 'em of tha 
Command you was goeing upon, and the occation of it; and that 



King Georges War, 1 744-1 748 111 

you had applyed to me for Men: I likewise acquainted them 
of what number I had detatched from the four Companys at 
Schoneghtady and the two upper Companys, and desired their 
advice upon which the Officers declared that the Camp at present 
was very sickly, those upon recovery yet too weak to do duty, 
that it wou'd be therefore hazzarding the preservation of this 
Citty in the present Situation, to detatch any Body of Men from 
the Camp; Maj r . Clarke who was just return'd with the Com- 
mand that went to Saraghtoga informed the Board that he 
thought the Garison of Fort Clinton when he [came?] away 
was in a M[utino]us disposition there [ ] judged it neces- 

sary to have a Sufficient force here, shou'd they come away in a 
Body either to stop and quel such Mutiniers, or to immediately 
take possession of the Garison shou'd it be deserted. I have 
given some leave to go as Voluntiers. I heartily wish you Success 
and a pleasant March. I am S r . 

Your very hum 1 serv*. 

J ROBERTS 



FROM HENRY VAN SCHAACK 

A. L. S. 

[August 22, 1747.} 
SIR 

I intended to have delivered the inclosed Letters myself: But 
was disappointed in getting over the Ferry. M r Butler desired 
me to acquaint You, that if you should have occasion for the 
French Blanketts, at the price I have offered them at. He 
would go down to Albany and forward them Up to You: My 
B : upon application made, will dd any Quantity you may write 
for. I am Sir 

Your most ob[th]ble Servant 

H V SCHAACK 
Fort Hunter Fryday Morning 



112 Sir William Johnson Papers 



LETTERS TO CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:390, is a letter of August 28th 
from Johnson to George Clinton on his expedition to Lake St Sacrement. 
There is a copy, showing some variations, in the Massachusetts Historical 
Society. Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:385, has a letter of the 31st 
from William Shirley to George Clinton, complimenting Johnson and 
saying that he will lay extracts from Johnson's letters before the council 
and assembly at Boston. 



REPORT OF A JURY ON MURDER OF AN INDIAN 

D. S. 

[August 1747?] 
HON D : SIR 

This Evinin Melcart Van Dusen agoin Horn In Corli Van 
Eapses Pasters Saw the tow Senekes Indans that left your Hon s : 
House Yesterday one of them Being Murdered returned and 
made Report of it Cap 1 . Cornyn & I Sumonsed Severill of The 
Neighbors as Jury but on our coming to Barent Wemples we 
Examaned the Indan he calls himselfe Tom who confessed that 
he had Mordred the other We examined the Corps and Found 
Severell cuts with a Hatchet In the sam plases as he had con- 
fesed We surnonsed such of the neighbors as understod Indan 
we have desird them to sertyfy that thay understod the Indan 
and wold be glad to know what your Hon r . wold have done 
ferder in the afear M r Hendrick Wemple will rec[ei]ve your 
Commands 

We are Hon d : Sir your Duty full Hum 11 . Ser ts . . . 

JOHN BUTLER 
PITER CONYN 
Saturday Evning JELLES FoNDA 

EVERT VAN EPS 
BARENT WIMPLE 



King Georges War, 1 744-1 7 48 113 

FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. 

Nerv York, 7 th Septr 1747 
SIR 

My last to you <was dated y e 20 th of Aug* & Soon after I> 
received yours of y e 14, 1 7, & 19, < acquainting me of your 
intention ^> of going out with a party of Indians <^& Christians 
uneasie> I have been ever Since affraid y l letter should be y e 
<^ means of you laying^> aside such a Glorious design which 
must always <^ redound greatly ^> to your Honour & Reputation, 
& ought to receive y e thanks of y e whole Province for what you 
have already done for it, but am Sorry to Say instead of publick 
thanks you have y e . Frowns of an invertirate Assembly as you 
will see by y e . inclosed Resolves, 1 but hope you will receive 
thanks from their Superiors. 

I must now Acknowledge y e receipt of yours of y e 28 th of 
Aug* w ch I immeadiately communicated to ye Council & Assem- 
bly in hopes it would have touched their Souls, but notwithstand- 
ing it was delivered to them before their Resolve ab* y e Provisions 
for Oswego it had no effect on them. 2 I really think y e inclosed 
Boston paiper ab l . Insurers very Apropos to those y l wishes for a 
Neutrality here the only difference is y l these People didnt So 
much as seemed to be pleased with y e March, but this I will 
venture to say y l tho' these Stubborn Dutchmen wont do you 
y e Justice they ought, yet when I represent to His Maj*?. y e vast 



1 September 2d the Assembly resolved *' that no additional allowance 
should be made to the Contractor for victualling the Garrison at Oswego," 
Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. 7., 6:669. 

2 On October 6th Governor Clinton, in a message to the General 
Assembly, strongly commended Colonel Johnson's services. The jealousy 
inspired by these services is disclosed in two declarations made before 
Edward Collins, justice of the peace, by Jacobus Clement and Johannis 
Clement respectively, August 23 and 26, 1 749, in which it was main- 
tained that Johnson's Indian regiment was a fictitious organization and the 
expedition of August 1 747, an enterprise without sincere purpose. The 
declarations are in the custody of the Oneida Historical Society. 



1 1 4 Sir William Johnson Papers 

progress you have made beyond any reasonable Expectation by 
y r good Management & most Extradinary interest with y e Indians 
which you Surprizingly Cultivate & continually improve your 
Conduct and behavour will be greatly approved of by His 
Majes^ & in Such a manner as may Show these Wretches you 
have merrited your Royal Masters favour in a great measure 
preserving not only this, but all y e Northern Colonyes from ruin. 

I acquainted General Shirly what you desired in relation to 
Lydius who desired I would acqu* you he was sorry you had 
taken <^umbrage at Lydius 1 being concerned with you in what 
have been done by His Governm* towards securing y e Indians 
of y e Six Nations in our Interest ; He would not have you imagine 
y 1 . himself or any part of y e Governm* put Lydius^> services in ye 
least computation <Vith your own or y l y e Indians ^> have been 
engaged in acts <of Hostility es ags* y e French > by any persons 
influence but <^yours under my directions;^ & your Uncle S r 
Peter to whom <his letters on> y* head & y e Duke of New- 
castle 2 has been shown can inform you y* he has <done your> 
Merit all y e Justice in his Power. 

As for my part I think this Expedition you have now taken to 
be of Such infinite Service to this & y e Neighbouring Colonies, 
y* tho I was determined to be at no more charges for y e Indians 
at y e Expence of y e Crown, yet I can* avoid doing it again in 
Justice to you & y e brave Indians who was on this party with you, 
for which reason what ever Goods & Expence you are at on your 
return & you think proper to give to satisfy y e Indians I will give 
you my Bills on y e Treasury for, but then I must desire you to 
give it out, & to let no body know to ye contrary, y 1 you take this 



1 At a meeting of the provincial council at Greenwich, May 8, 1 746, 
that body *' did advise his Excellency to write to the Commissioners of 
Indian Affairs to know Why they think it true that Mr. Lydius has sent 
a large pacquet of Letters to Canada And by whom that pacquet was 
sent, And to order the Secretary to write to Mr. Lidius Signifying That 
his Excellency Orders him not to intermeddle with the affairs of the 
Indians either directly or indirectly without his Excellency's approbation 
first obtained for that purpose," Council Minutes, v. 2 1 . 

2 Thomas Pelham-Holles, Secretary of State, 1 724-54. 



King George's War, 1744-1748 115 

Expence upon your self from ye faith you have y l y e Assembly 
can 1 refuse to pay you for Service y* is so absolutely necessary 
for y e safety of y e People of this Province I would send you up 
Money to do this but as I writt you word in my last of y e 20 th 
y l I could not get a farthing on y e account of this Man of War 
going to England I should therefore be glad you would take 
Bills for y e ace* you Sent me & add this to it. Your Uncle can 
Sollicit it, & I promise you to do all in my power both with y e 
Duke of Newcastle & M r Pelham 1 to get them Immeadiately 
paid, & I can assure you you may depend on M r Shirly's Interest 
in it Intirely. I believe you had best come down & we could 
both Settle things to both our Satisfaction. 

Commiss rs are come from Boston to Negotiate a Scheme for 
securing y e Indians & Frontiers & Expect others it will not be 
amiss to acquaint y e Indians of it, but I hope M r Shirly & I shall 
Soon agree upon something to keep y e Indians Steadfast in our 
Interest which I am <^just now sending away an Express to him 
about. 

The Man of War won 1 Sail till y e letter end of this Month. > 
You have Severall <^ friends on y e Spot who]> heartily wish 
you well & a great <deal of Success & I> do assure you nobody 
does it more <^ heartily than,^> Dr Sir 

Your faithfull friend & Ser' 

G CLINTON 

<I must> caution you to be <on y r > Guard, for some 
people <Vho> ought to have a greater regard for you than 
they ever Showed consid<er>ing y e alliance between them & 
S r Peter has some designs not to Serve you take my word but 
them selves, Await with great impatience to hear from you 

P. S. I have inclosed you Teddy Maggins Ace 1 for you to 
make y e remarks & let me have y r opinion. The Assembly has 
done nothing as to an Interpreter 

COLL. JOHNSON 

1 Sir Henry Pelham, prime minister, 1 743 and 1 746. ? 



16 Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM WARREN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

<Ner York, September 13 th 1747> 
D R BROTHER 

last tuesday I arriv'd here from Louisbourg <jn order to go 
to> England in the Scarborough Man of War, having got 
<leave> from Governour Knowles, 1 & the Commanding officer 
of <^the^> Regiment I belong to. it was the Opinion of all my 
friends <at> Louisbourg it would be greatly to my advantage 
to go home as it was plain Sir W m . Pepperrell does not deseighn 
giving me a Company; by his having had one in his Gift, 
<^when^> he gave me the Commission I bear now & at that 
time told my Uncle Warren, & me he had disposed of it. Cap*. 
Jacobs whose Company I expect'd, is arriv'd at Louisbourg being 
Order'd to his post, he asked Sir Peter Warren a few days 
before he left England if he would buy me his Commission; he 
told him he expect'd Sir Will m Pepperrell woud give me the first 
vacent Company in his Regim* & when he found to the Contrary 
he woud get me a Company in Europe. D r . Brother two days 
ago I was favour'd with yours of the 22 d . of last Month wherein 
you acquaint'd me of your Resolution in going out with a large 
body & Christians, & Indians against the French, & their Indians, 
I hope eYe now you are return'd Victorious not withstanding 
which I asure you it gives the greatest Concern imaginable that 
you Shou'd undergo so much danger & fatigue for an ungratefull 
Set of people may the Almighty preserve you from all the 
perills & dangers which you undergo which Always Shall be my 
Constant wish. 

D r Brother I most heartily thank you for your present to me 
in your last letter, all I can do in return is to acknowledge your 
great favours with a most greatfull heart 

<I make no doubt you have heard of my Uncle Warren's 
great Success in his two Cruzes, being the first with Ad m Anson 
and the second he> was Commander in Chief of a < large 



1 Commodore Charles Knowles, governor of Cape Breton. 




From George Clinton to Johnson, September 14, 1747 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 117 

Squadron part^> of which fell in with the St. Domingo <^ Fleet 
& took Sixty > two Sail of them, beside Several Rich Ships 
before he fell in with them, he now must be one of the Richest 
men in England & not one has done his Country so much Service ; 
he must be worth three or four Hundred Thousand Pounds 
Sterling, he's Vice Ad m of the White & a Member of Parliment 
for Westminister, & make no doubt in a very Short time will be 
a Pier of England, there being no person more Able to Mentain 
that dignity. D r Bro: I am not as yet determined about going 
to England as I shall take Lady Warren's advice if she desires 
it I can go with the greatest Safety Otherwise Shall not, least I 
shoud disoblidge my Uncle, I Receiv'd a letter when last at 
Louisbourg from my Sister Dease who was very well, the letter 
I shall enclose to you in my Next as I shall Miss no Oportunity 
while here in Writing to you. in my next I shall write you fuller 
of all things untill when remain with the Heartiest wishes for y r 
Wealfare & Prosperity. 

Your most affec 1 Brother 

COL: JOHNSON : : r . ,, WARREN JOHNSON 

FROM GEORGE CLINTON 

A. L. S. 
DEAR g IR Greenwich I4 ih Sept r . I747 1 

I received an Express from Coll . Roberts yesterday who 
acquaints me of y r return, I dont Suppose you knew of this 
Express a coming or I should have heard from you, unless it is 
y 1 we may expect to see you down at York, I have recommended 

1 In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:379, in a letter of September 27th 
from Clinton to the Lords of Trade, Johnson's services in promoting 
Indian warfare are recommended to consideration. In a letter of the same 
date to the Duke of Newcastle, Clinton commends Johnson's services in 
like terms, page 396. In Assembly to Clinton, October 9, p. 619, and 
Clinton to Assembly, October 1 3, p. 628, Johnson's claims and services 
are discussed. In Doc. Hist. N. Y. t 2 :61 8, is printed Johnson's examina- 
tion taken October 3d before a committee of the council, showing the 
necessity of liberal treatment of the Indians and advising the erection of 
two forts in their country. 



1 1 8 Sir William Johnson Papers 

your affair again to the Assembly ab l Oswego but have received 
no Answer, I am in great hopes these Commission, from Boston 
& Connecticut will do something in relation to y e Indians they 
seem very inclinable, How ours will act I dont know tho' they 
promiss fair, The Express is just agoing & I have only time to 
assure you again y* what ever you do to keep them quiet for y e 
present, I promiss to stand by you & Support with all my Inter- 
ests & as I writt you before you may be assured of Govern 1 
Shirlys, I hope you are well tho' I do suppose very much 
fatigued & am D r Sir 

Your very humble ser 1 

G: CLINTON 
To COLL. JOHNSON 



FROM JOHN CATHERWOOD 
A. L. S. 



<York, 19 th October 1747> 
DEAR SIR 

I hope His Ex? 8 . Pacquet will reach You soon enough, and I 
have just time to tell you that the Assembly has voted the Provis n 
for Oswego. His Ex? has received Pacquets from M r Knowles 
& M r Shirley w ch he is answering that I've no time to say any 
thing. I've laid your other dimands before the Assembly this 
day, except the 30 for sending the Goods for the far Indians to 
Oswego w ch must be charged to his Ex?. I believe it will be 
required to swear to all y r Acc ts for His Ex? 3 . getting them & 
w ch are to be transmitted to the Duke of Newcastle, it can be 
only to the best of Your knowledge & belief considering the many 
Articles in your charge. <^I've^> inclosed you two printed 
Copys of His Ex? 5 Message to the Assembly for your & your 
friends perusal and I am D r S r 

Your ever faithful & aff*. Servant 

JN CATHERWOOD 
ADDRESSED: To Colo<nel> William Johnson 

at Albany 
If not there to be forwarded to him 






King Georges War, 1744-1748 119 

ORDERS OF GOVERNORS SHIRLEY AND KNOWLES 1 

His Grace The Duke of Newcastle having in his Letter to 
Governour Shirley signified That His Majesty finding it neces- 
sary to employ the greatest part of his Forces to assist his Allies 
and defend the Libertys of Europe had thought proper for the 
present to lay aside the prosecution of the intended Expedition 
against Canada, and Commanded him and Governour Knowles 
to discharge all the Forces raised for that Service (excepting 
such as they shou'd judge necessary to be kept in Pay for Serving 
the Province of Nova Scotia) and to thank the officers and Men 
in His Majesty's Name for their readiness and zeal to enter into 
his Service. In consequence thereof We do hereby discharge 
all the said officers and Men (except Four Hundred) out of His 
Majesty's 2 from the 31 st . October 1 747, and they are 

hereby discharged accordingly, and we do also thank them in 
His Majesty's Royal Name for their readiness to engage in their 
Country's Cause against the Common Enemy; and though they 
are prevented at present of revenging themselves on a cruel per- 
fidious Enemy, it cannot be doubted, but the same zeal and 
spirit will always animate them to service again whenever they 
are called upon. Given under our Hands this 28 th . day of 
October 1747. 

W. SHIRLEY 3 CHA S : KNOWLES 4 
(Copy) 

1 Copy attested by Governor Clinton. 

2 Probably a space left to fill in. 

3 William Shirley was born in Sussex, England, in 1 694 and died at 
Roxbury, Mass., in 1 771. He practised law in Boston, was governor of 
Massachusetts from 1741 to 1745 and 1753 to 1757. The expedition 
of 1745 against Louisbourg was devised by him; in 1755 he engaged in 
an expedition intended for the reduction of Niagara; and in that year 
succeeded General Braddock as commander in chief. He was a member 
of the boundary commission constituted under the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle. 

4 Sir Charles Knowles received a captain's commission in the British 
navy in 1 737, saw service in 1 739 and the two succeeding years, and in 
1 748 defeated the Spaniards in an action near Havana. In 1 763 he 
became admiral of the blue, and the following year was raised to a 
baronetcy. In 1 747 he was governor of Cape Breton. 



120 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I have examined this with the Original & attest the same to 
be true. New York 9 Nov r . 1 747. 

G. CLINTON 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Governour Shirley and Gov r . 
Knowles' Order for discharging the Troops rais'd for the 
Expedition ag' Canada. 



FROM PHILIP RYLEY 
D. S. 1 

Schenectady Octob'. 31 st . 1747 

Then Rec d . of William Johnson the Sum of Sixty Pounds, 
to purchase goods for the Use of the Cajugas, According to the 
Agreement made by the Commissioners of three different Prov- 
inces, I say rec d . by me 

PHILIP RYLEY 

60 

FROM WILLIAM PETERS 
A. L. S. 

New York No': 6 1747 
Co LL : JOHNSON 
SIR 

Acording to y r order have sent with Cap 1 Van Ala 

2 Pots with Pekels and Pappers 018 3 

2 Casks with 1 4 hundred oysters 1 8 

the 2 Casks 05 

With Jacob Bargardus 

one thousand Pikl d oysters 1 10 

Cage 2 6 



4 39 



Body of document in handwriting of Johnson. 



King Georges War, J 7 44-17 48 121 

SIR 

I Send you a Small Present of 30 Lemons in a Small Cage 
to Drink the King halth I would have Sent you Some Limes 
but none to be got at Present If any Cumes in Shall Send Some 

SIR 

if you would Plese to Keep for me 4 p 8 of Y r . best Strowds 
till y e Spring 2 of Dark Culard [blue?] & 2 Reed with a Very 
List & half a P s : of Blankets 

I wish y u halth & Prosperity & [am] 

Yours with Esteem 

WILLIAM PETERS 

ADDRESSED : To Co 11 . William Johnson 
att Mount Johnson 



FROM JOHN ROBERTS 
A. L. 5. 

Albany Nov. 18 1747 
S. 

I propose disbanding the Forces next Thursday according to 
the Gov rs . intimation. I have sent M r . Tho 8 Buttler a Warrant 
for Empowering him to Inlist a Company of Sixty Effective Men 
on the Province Pay the Conditions of which I presume you are 
already acquainted, if there is any Friend of yours tha[t] you 
belive has Intrest to raise a Company and have a mind to recom- 
mend I shall serve him with a great deal of Pleasure and have 
Blank Warrants by me for that purpose, and wou'd advise the 
timeliest notice. I dont propose staying here above ten days at 
farthest. I am S r . 

Your most Obed*. humble Servant 

J ROBERTS 
To COLL. JOHNSON 

[ ] I wrote the above I have your favour Per 

Cap*. Ross. I wou'd advice writeing to the Gov r . as I shall 
have nothing farther to do with the regard to Companys now 



122 Sir William Johnson Papers 

raising. It is to be wished a Company or two Coud be raised 
up with you when they may be retained there, nor do I conceived 
the Men can do better then to enter on this Servi[ce] I shoud be 
glad of your Answer per first oppertunity and am S r 

Very Much Yours 

J. ROBERTS 



FROM JACOB GLEN 

L. S. 

Schon^y Nov30* 1747 
S*. 

As I am Informed, <Cyou have the offer^> From his Excel- 
lency, To Com<mand the forces > that are now Raised, if So 
and you <Could Prevail> Your Self to Accept it I Really 
Believe <it would> be a great Benifitt to this Cuntry, and be 
pleasing To All your Real friends that have the Happyness to 
know You Besides you will Verry much Obleidge y r friends 
in this Town and in an Extraordinary manner 

Your friend & Verry Humb 1 Serv 1 . 

JACOB GLEN 

P. S. our Esembly are Dissolv d last Tursday after passing the 
act for the New Levyes Now Last Risen 

ADDRESSED: To Co 11 William Johnson 

att. Mount Johnson 
in the Mohawks River 



FROM THOMAS BUTLER 
A. L. S. 1 

[Albany. Dec. 72, 7747] 

[ ] [ma]de it Great part of My busness Since you 

[ ] to find out here who were To Set up for Assem- 

bly [ ] [Dow] and M r . Ricktman Seems To be 



Address burned off. 



King George's War. 1744-1748 123 

the two that is [most talked of but] in opisition To those are 
John Cuyler. [John GJlen. John Lansing, and Hans Hanson; 
and Some talks [ ] old ones. Most people belives 

that Those you [favor] will carry tSe point, there are some who 
are very [ ]ted. knowing your Intrist to be too 

Great for theirs [ ] have no News from York, but 

Expect it every hour [ ] [p]rivate Meetings here 

but kept pretty close, but So [on as wr] its arives all will break 
out [ s] ires his Compliments To you 
I am Sir 

Your Most Obed'. Hum 1 . Serv 1 . 

THOMAS BUTLER 

ADDRESSED : To 

[Sir Willjiam Johnson 

att 
Mount Johnson 



FROM JOHN B. VAN EPS 
A. L. S. 

Osnego 15 th Decemb' 1747 
D R S R . 

This is to aquint y e that we are all here In a Goodt Halt as I 
hoop y e may all be Except one of the melitie man Nicolaes 
Eggemont Is Deceas d . In Cloosd I send a Receet of y e Goods 
w h : Liv 1 . Visgar Lift here as Cap* Lindesay demand Thim & a 
List of y e Beef but If thim Cattle w h . Rune away Is Chiarge 
toe Lase 1 I am always willing to alouw w h . Is a Great Loast to 
us one Cap 1 Lindesay keeps for a milks kouw & A Receet In 
full w h . we Can Not well Doe for fear the man may Complean 
for Coarn from the Castel we have Goat none so I hoop that we 
may have peas by & Coarn by the furst as for The Rest wie 
have full anof Tongse I have 21 w h . I hoop Will Shiare alyck 
the hang up Ready Curde 307 fi Tallo w h Is but verry Liedle 
we Live here Soberly & agreeable Togither as well w h . the man 

1 Loss? 



]24 Sir William Johnson Papers 

as our Selfs the Greatest Truble we have Is w h . The Indians for 
here Is Nouw 50 had the old Speaker onjaka Roode did here 3 
days a Goe & was Burned verry Deasontly by our Cap* Linde- 
says man as also his wyf about a mont agoe. the Indians wyf 
w h . Is In Albany preson thould us all about him & about our 
Schaims w h , ware In Canada She Says that he & She was hird by 
the france at Cadarogkwie to goe to Canada & when they waer 
there 70 feyters went out, but he reafusd a fue days after went 
out 1 00 france & Cagnewakes where he was one of w* 1 . a Gread 
dile of promises y e Gover r . made him, & that She was not by 
when y e Gov r . Spook w h . our 5 Nacion but when thy made there 
Ans r . Stood by & hard all, Father wat y e Thould us we Grant 
It, you have Desyrd us Not to Listen Eny more to our Brother, 
It Shiall be so, Three Jaer a goe then y e Engelis took Cap- 
porrotune, & then thy Thould us that thy whould Stoop up y e 
River, & also whould heve Morjall In a Shiart Time, & the 
Least Jear thould us that the Expodision would Goe an, But 
we She that thy are Lyers & then thy Send y e Interpreters 
amongs us, & Tells us Come B rs . Goe & fytt, there Is So muts 
for a priesonar & So muts for a Skulp, But wie will Not, for we 
dont Lyck our Gov r ., when you desyr Use to Come we all ways 
do but Not one his This Is wat Shie hard as She Says at 
Cadarogkwie She hard that there. was 10 fyters out aginst this 
house but after that She hard that y e Cover: sent for thim back 
I have Recevid the half of y e Dry Goods as ^ Receet will 
appear but 3 of y e blanckets ware all rottin & Good for Noting 
& one hund r & 16J/2 Gallongs of rum for I filde Out 3 at 3 
Gallons & one of 2|/2 Gain with In one Gall: Sarjt Akerman 
had 2 Caggs at 4 Gall 5 . 1 7 at 2 D 9 at 2J/ 2 D- Cap 1 butler 
Give one to y e people went after Collins Liv*. Tho s Butler had 
2 Down Cap* Lidesay had 2 for Storigs So that makes up 
54 Caggs & Liv*. Visger one of y e barrels I had y e 2 barrels 
more than Akerman Excepting 3 Caggs at 3 gall 8 . w h . he had 
more than I as for the Least Jears provision y e may see by y e 
book of Cap 1 Visgers & myn he has it but I have a Coppy of it 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 125 

beseyds 30 Skip 1 w h . was Shoold I hoop Sr y e will Lett M r . 
Bleker & Me know if y e Can Suply us w h . Goods & rom 2 batos 
In y e Spring So that we may know how to writt for y e Goods to 
Come up Sr as for y e Goodness & Good Advice I Doe Nott 
know houw to make a Demajns I Doe Assjoer y e Its Never out 
of my Toughts & Shiall Take all y e Care In Every perticular 
Ever I can if I Doe a Ting wrang it will be Ennesently I am 
Sjoer No one Could juse Y r . Intrest more then I So I wish y e 
a Marry Crismus & a happy New Y r &c I Reamajn 

Y r Most Humble Sar: 

JN B V EPS 

ADDRESSED: To Coll: William Johnson Att Mount 

Johnson 

P S Post to be payd here by use. 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : John B V Eps Letter Dec br . 1 747 



SPEECH OF STOCKBRIDGE INDIANS TO THE MOHAWKS 

[/747P 1 ] 

< Unkle as I sit in my Town I look'd upon you and see you 
in tears. I come to wipe away your tears and to lift up your 
head that you may see to open your ears that you may hear and 
to purge your heart that you may perceive what I am about to 
say to you. Then deliver a string of wampum. > 

Unkle I am about to clear the road made long <ago by our 
forefathers > which is fill'd up that you may look and see your 
< Nephew and I> may look and see my unkle. Then deliverd 
a belt. 

Unkle at that place where our forefathers made a fire 
<^ under ^> a tree and used to meet to smoke and converse we 
now clean and put the brands together and remove all difficulties 
about <^ycur^> Town That we may meet and discourse about 
Necessary and important Things. Then deliver a belt. 



1 Conjectural date supplied. 



126 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Unkle your great men that have died in the war and others 
where whose bones lye Scattered and above ground we now gether 
together all in one place and bury them, because we would not 
have the bones of your great men lye scattered on the earth. 
Then deliverd a belt. 

Unkle The bones of Your Captains we also Gether together 
which lye Scatterd and bring them all into one place and bury 
them. Then Deliverd a belt. 

Unkle we gether together all the bones of Your chief women 
and bury them. Then Deliverd a belt. 

Unkle we gether together all the Scatterd bones of Your 
Young men women and Children and bring them to one place 
and bury them Then Deliver a belt. 

Unkle This is to make sure and keep fast the old friendship 
that subsisted between our forefathers that the same may Con- 
tinue amongst us their children. There is many clouds arise 
about us and if we are not Carefull we shall get into difficulties, 
let us keep those dark clouds from comeing between us least we 
should not be able to see one another. I set the Sun on high 
that it may be noonday that the light may shine clear That we 
may see our Unkle and that our unkle may see us. Delivered 
a belt. 

Unkle do you keep steady at your place and I will at mine 
then we shall always know where to find one another. Deliverd 
a belt. 

Unkle The friendship we made long ago with the English we 
must maintain firm and unshaken. The King of England our 
father has put Johnson here That we may by looking on him 
as it were see the King our father. We Behold him as a Strong 
tree with spreading roots Standing fast having goodly limbs and 
leaves. 

Let us Gether about him and Stand around him and if he falls 
let us fall with him. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 127 

FROM JOHN RUTHERFURD 
A. L. S. 

Ne> York 7 ih Jam 1747/8 
SIR 

I had t'other day the pleasure of yours of the 24 Decemb r 
by Capt Ware & as I hear there's an opportunity of writeing to 
Albany, I take hold of it to acquaint you that I waited of His 
Excelb who has received your letters & seems determined to 
follow your Advice intirely in Setleing the Militia affairs in 
Albany County, only as the Writs are out for the New Election 
'twould look as if the Governour interested himself too much in 
the Choice of Members, which tis certainly not proper either for 
him or any of the Council to do, but the Sooner 'tis done after 
the Election the better, so you had best Send down a list imme- 
diatly of those you think proper & look upon it as done; I'm 
Certain there's no body knows any thing of the disorderly State 
of the Albany Militia but will approve of A Change of Officers. 
As I am thoroughly Convinced you have the Interest & honour 
of the Country at heart in all your undertakings 'tis with a double 
pleasure I heartily wish you Success in all your Schemes, both on 
the publick & your own Account & should be glad to hear from 
you how all goes, if any thing worth your Notice occurr here or 
from Europe I shan't fail to acquaint you of it being with great 
regard Sir 

Your most obed* humble Servant 

JOHN RUTHERFURD 



FROM THOMAS ARMSTRONG 
A. L. S. 

New York 13 th January 1747/8 
SIR 

Your favour of 29 th Ult. came to my hand the 10 ins*. & 
nottice its Severall contents in answer to which, I have sold No 
beaver Since my last altho' I have had some people with me but 



128 Sir William Johnson Papers 

they dont incline yet to give me 147 Pd, but I dont in the least 
fear it will bring that price Especially Since theirs no more to 
come to market but what you mention is in your hand, when that 
comes I will go round the deallers & do my best for your intrest. 
Flower heare is at present prity high your Sortes would bring 
from 16 to 197 P C. & Wheat 5 to 5/2. dear skins is cald for 
prity frequently. I delivered your Letter to M rs . Craig who with 
hir family are all prity well only hir self is much afflicted with 
Sore Eyes Ever Since hir husbands death, as the bearer of this 
is Just going I have Not time to go to hir to know if She would 
write you. inclos'd is all the newspappers Since my last, under- 
neath is a memrd m . from the Ex rs . of Late M r . Duene if you 
please your next to give me instructions to Settle it [ ] all 
observe them as you direct, as we Expect four Ships from 
Europe daily wee have not any very matterial news at present 
nor for some time past only you'l observe wee have had another 
hall at the French navey & merchant Ships, have in a few days 
past had the pleasure of haveing receved hear four prity Valuable 
prizes, part of the fleet which the french men of War was con- 
veying, & as this town has Eight or ten stout privateers in those 
Seas wee Expect they will do Excellent Service to the Adven- 
turess, when any thing worth Nottice arives Shall be duely 
advised & am with great esteem Dear Sir 

Y r . most Obed'. Humble Se l . 

THO ARMSTRONG 



Memoranda 
Collnell Johnston to Ex rs . of Late M r Duene 

To % year News pappers . . . . 0.9.0 
To Commiss 11 . for Weig*. Shiping off filling 

upp bills Loading &c done both before 

& after the death of the deceased 

this they dont fill up 

ADDRESSED: To Collnell William Johnston 

at Mount Johnston near Albany 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 129 

FROM EVERT WENDELL, JR. 
A. D. S. 

Albany Jan*. 25*. 1747 78* 

Rec d : of Coll W m . Johnson Nine pounds fiveteen Shillings 
being for three fatt Kattle bought by Tho s . Butler of Fetter 
Wormwood P me 

EVERT WENDELL JUR 



RESOLVE OF THE HOUSE [N. Y.] 

Memorandum 

The House agree to make Provision for the Pay and Sub- 
sistance of the Additional Company from Connecticut, Provided 
the whole Fourteen Companys be reduced from Sixty to Fifty 
five Men each each, by turning over their Supernumary Men to 
such Companys, as are deficient in the Number of Fifty five Men. 
If after this Reduction thus made, there remain any Companys 
with more than Fifty five Men, such Companys to continue so 
until reduced by Death or Desertion to the Number of Fifty five. 
And in case any Rangers be employed in scouring the Woods, 
at least Three Fourths of them be taken out of the said Fourteen 
Companys with some Additional Pay. 

INDORSED: Resolve of the House 

relateing to the Connecticut 
Company &c 



1 In Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:41 6, in a letter of January 30th 
from George Clinton to the Duke of Newcastle, is a commendation of 
Johnson's invaluable and perilous services among the Indians. 

5 



130 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM ALBERT VAN SLYCK 

A. L. S. 

Schonactenday ffeb r 4 th . [1747/8] 
Co LL JOHNSON 
S* 

Some Indians are now att my House and they Tell me that 
M r . Lydias Had promised they Should have one Minister and 
they Have appointed the Rev d . M r . Schuyler 1 of Schohary to 
Come to them two 3 or 4 Time In one year and they together 
with the Christain are Willing to pay their part and al[s]o 
Desired me to go with them to the moquas 2 to assist them what 
Some they Could make out they also Spoke to M r . Schuyler 
who is Willing to Doe that Service this I acquaint you and 
Desire your answer no more att present but am with Respect 
your most 

Humble Serv*. to Comand 

ALBE T . VAN SLYCK 

I Judge In my oppinion that its more honourable for you then 
to Lett M r . Lydias thake that Intrest among them I Leave you 
to Judge 

S* 

You are Sensible I always have done what Laid In my power 
to Serve the King & Country moreover whilst I was under your 
Comand I understand you are agoing to New York and Hope 
you will not forgett me when you Come there & Shall always 
be as I have been Heretofore and am with Much Respect your 
most Humble Ser 1 . 

AL. V SLYCK 
N: I hope S r . if any thing 
is not to your mind you 
Compute it to my Jumour 3 



1 Johannes Schuyler was a minister at Schoharie, 1736-55, Beaverdam 
and Schoharie, 1 766-79, Edward T. Corwin, Manual of the Reformed 
Church in America, p. 710. 

2 Mohawks. 
8 Humor. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 131 

FROM ARENDT STEVENS 
L. 5. 

[Albany, February 12, 1747/8] 
S*. 

Last night I Reed [ ] from Ro l . Adams with 

Three Ind s . sent Express from [Oswego] one of y e . Letters was 
Directed to your Self but In your [absence] To y e . Commands, 
officer at Albany which Letter is open and Goes with this Express 
to your Self The Contents of which [ ] find to be most 
All ye news Those S d . Three Cayoegers brings Except They 
further ad This news is Proced d . from John Cuer Who [ ] 
have ownd to A Friend of his, in y e Sinnecas Country on Rece*. 
And Reading of A Letter Said the Frensh had made Ready 
and [ ] which was to proced towards those Quarters, 

The Ind 8 . Say [ ] Information to Come Ither Ag*. 

Moaks Country Schoenect[ady ] Albany And they 

Design to make their attack [ ] on Receavs. This 

Expr 8 . Yisterdy. I forthwith forward* 1 , one [ ] with 

y e . news. In order I Hired A Slay this day to bring y e . Said 
[ ] with me to this Said place At my Arriv 1 . I went 

to Coll 11 . Ma[rshall] who went with me to William 5 , were he 
Sent for Coll 11 . Schuyler Maj r . Collins The mayor 1 and Maj r . 
Lydius Coll 11 . Marshall Could not with Divers messingers 
prevail on y e mayor to Come to W[ ] You will find by S d > 
Letter what was prom d . to S d . Ind s . which made Coll 11 . Marshall 
more anxious to have y e . mayors presence his not Coming I was 
Indulgd by Coll 11 . Marshall & Maj r . Collins 8 , perswasions to 
Go with Coll 11 . Marshall to y e . City Hall were y e . Corporat n . 
was present Where Coll 11 . Marshall Shued them the Letter After 
Reading of S d . Letter they said They had nothing to Do with 
it it not being Directed to them So that in A Word They would 
neither Hear me or the Ind 8 . any further Ab l . it nor would they 
Advance Any thing towards Satisfying Sa d . Ind s . Maj r . 
Lydius took Them to his House And made them Sattisfaction 



1 Dirck Ten Broeck, mayor, September 29, 1 746 to October 2, 1 748. 



132 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to their Contentm*. I was oblidged to pay their frei'. from and 
to Schonegtendy Am Sorry to find y e . Country in So Deplor- 
able State that when Ind s . Comes on Such accou ts . that no Body 
is Impow d . to take Care of Them in order th*. they may Go Bak 
with Sattisfaction S r . This further Serves to Acq 1 . You That 
I am Resolv d . Not at All to medle with Ind n . affaires Excepting 
your Hon r . Has The ordering of y e . Same please to acq 1 . me 
<P y e . first for if otherwise I Intend to prepare my Self to Go on 
my private Aff rs . to Oswego Still Shall Do what I Can Until 
I hear further from You pray Give my Humble Regards to 
His Excellency And be so kind to acq*. him of my Grievanc 8 . 
with my Rispects to Coll 11 . Glen & all friends I Remain S r . 

Your Most Humble & ob'. Serv 1 . 

ARENDT STEVENS 

[ ] to acq 1 . you th*. Capt n . Brat 

[ ] Almost All his Company my Son 

[ ] Up to your House And Left it in Good 

order [ ] Maj r . Lydius & mySelf tho*. nessessary to 

send this Express to [ ] This Creticle Conjunctu 6 . 

we Hope you will aprove of [ ] prudence & that his 

Excelly. will see Him Satisfyed. 



FROM JOHN H. LYDIUS 
A. L. S. 

Albany Fib' 13 1747/8 
CORNELL JOHNSON 

I have but Just time to Inform you that our Antagenists 
Reioice att the News of the Governors Leaving the Province as 
if a Grate Battel woss won Over the Enimi: Collins Tretens 
Lef\ Hogin to the Last Degre the Acount of Oswege I Refer 
You to the Letter from oswege Directed in your Absens to the 
Comanding Officer And as Nowbodi would Give the Indians 
anything I Lett them have 4 Blankets strouds 3 shirts 6 p r . 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 133 

stokins 3 Laps 3 papers pante & an 8 ken Cag of Rum: I shall 
Rite to Bratt to Ceap a Good Woatch 

P: S if anything wort Notice shall be Obliged to You to 
Give us Chear After kind sarvice I Conclude 

Yours to Command 

JOHN: H: LYDIUS 

ADDRESSED: To Coll 11 . WilK Johnson Esq r . 
att New York 

ACCOUNT OF INCIDENTS AT OSWEGO FROM DECEMBER 10 1 

[Osnego, February 17, 1747/8] 

[ 

[ ] house & told [ 

[ ]e to see me & made [ 

[ Jisuton and Said he was [ 

[ ] all the five Nations wo[ 

[ ]t again call this house the [ 

[ ]ns I Shall not mention, I made [ 
6 th off well pleased. This day Came from [ 
Suscuruana*s Son Sent ther by his Father [ 
told he told me his Father had ordered him to [ 
Could & tell me the News Least y e young man ha [d] [ 
right y e young mans Ace* and his was y e Same b [ 
belt was only three Strings Desireing the five [Nations to] Senc 
H k to him & he Should Receive no Damag[e] [ 
all y e Prisoners Delivered him it being very ha [ 
Keept him four days and used him most kindly [ 
thing I belive he knew he said the Command [er 
way had sent his Interpreter & Several messages [ 
but he would not go that at Christmess he went [ 
by Some Indians he Said he was very kindly used by a [ 



1 In handwriting of John Lindesay. 

2 Some lines at the top burned off. 



134 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Pace he Lived in was oweing he knew to the five [Nations ] 
& that he had orders to receive them in y e most kind[ly] [ ] 
& Shewed them a Room full of Pouther balls and arms [ ] 

to the Indians that needed them; he the Indian told there were 
a [ ] many of the Caughnuagas hunting in y e oy r 

Side [ ] & promised to be at all the Pains he could to 

g [ ] telligence and if any thing of moment came to [ 

his Fahers knowledge he would come to me im [ 
him Self w h he could in Litle more than a day. I g [ 
him a Shirt pipes & Tobacco & I belive we may [ 
knowing any thing from them as Certainly as if they [ 
for Said purpose I Sent him away much Satisfied. [ 
can 1 anadaga feighters Sent by y e Sat m to me with [ 
corn hearing I needed Some they also acquented me with [ 

[ 

[ ] [and] off well pleased [ 

[ ] Prince's son whom h[ 

[ ] [o]bey me when he cam a [ 

[ ] & told me how soon he wa [ ] 

[ ] to see me I told him I hope he [ ] 

[ ] [ ]ten had said when he gave him to 

m[ ] [ ] obey it he told me all the News 

as Suscuruana [ ] word of by his son as formerly 

told, he told be [ ] [ ] he read head was gon to 

Cadroughway & that Sus[curuana] not being able to walk was 
caried ther haveing [ ] to tell y e News himself not 

inclineing to trust y e Rea[d] [Head] told particularly y e Desire 
y e Go r of Canada had to [ ] Sent ther. Knowing he was 

Inclined to y e French [ ] all the Pain I could to Lessen 

them in his Eyes & [ ] [h]im if he should make y e Least 

wrong Step it would [ ] me much asheamed I made him 

a Present of a Cag [ ] [Rum?] and a Shirt & had abund- 

ance of promises of his [ ]veing well. This day cam the 

[grota ?] Younga on [ ] of Trade & as he Said to tell me 



Line or lines missing. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 



135 



he had promised Coll [Joh]n son to Come to me with any news 
that he heard he told [ ] [ ] at affair of y e five Nations 

who Live amongst the [ ] [ Jnidis as formerly told & 

Said if any disturbance [ ] [ ]o be here he would 

come to me & would not come [ ] ne I used him in y e 

most kind manner & he went of [ ]h pleased. 



[ ]f I never gave any [ 

[ ] to a Sett of great [ 

Cap* as great a french man as [ 
great pains with him as I could but I [ 
pose amongst the Onydas who cam from [ 
old Anada Sac m : who not being able [ 
very great burdine on me for he being [ 
I cannot Let him Sterve I try to get all - [ 
can of w h have wrote formerly only he ver[ 
strongly of any Cachnuaga's intending to C[ Jhere 

as the Cauga Squa had informed us [ ] we might 

Depend that ther would no Distu[ ] happen here it 

being what all Indians [ ] on that no Disturbance 

Should be made [ ] of the three houses on this Lake. 

Canod[ ] very Considerable Indian haveing been here 

Since I cam with his f amilee & to whom I am [ ] as I can 

Confirmed this & Said that the Go r of Cana[da] [ 
pleased w* those who had cutt off the family at [ 
& told them that did it that it was Conterer to w[ 
promised the five Nations & would give them [ 
they had done. This day came Atruana [ 
they on Ace*, of Trade and he to See me [ 



liii 

] flatts 
] had 
] for what 
] other Caugas 
] them ther 



was a Son in Law of his who told he h[ ]out feighting 

against y e flatt heads he told they wer[ ] powered & were 
obliged to flee to an oy r Nation [ ] are friends with, & y* 
he had Lossed five of his Company [ ] Also that ther were 
great Sickness in y e Castel [ ] Severals were dead. I 



1 Line or lines missing. 



136 Sir William Johnson Papers 

told them I was Sory for y e Sick [ness] was in y e Castel & for 
those that were dead but for [ ] as it came from above 

they must bear it bu[ ] y e Last Loss that they had brought 
on themself [ ] doeing what they ought not to doe & 

neglect [ ] 

[ *i 

[ ] that he wanted [ ] [ ] ing by 

break of Day he cam to tell [ ] [ ] [ ] ssed his 

wife Last Summer he has not [ ] [ ] himself with any 
news but being [ ] [ ] different ways that the 

french were [ ] [ ] [ ]eat preparations to 

Come against his Bro [ ] [ ] uld not be easie untill he 

came & acquented [ ] Same he said ther was two Large 

houses full of [ ]oes Blankets with Caps & all things 

necessary [ ] great many Stores it was not knowen against 

[ ] place y e Design was when all was ready for to [ ] 

y e Go r was to give the Word & he Supposed the [ ] 

[t]o be about y e end of this or begining of Next [ ]unth & the 
place they were to attack to be Albany Scha[ ]y y e 

Moquas Country or the great flatt or maybe agnist [ ] the 
Army being to be very numerous all this he Said [ ] s Comme 
Confirmed who had Come from Canada as formerly told & he 
Said he belived the News to be Certain [ ] thanked him for 
y e Information he had given me & told [ ] would Acquent 

the Go r who I belive would reward him [ ] order me to doe 
it in y e meantime I gave him a Cag [ ] Rum to Dring y e 

Go" health & two Shurts to weep off [ ]is tears and Desired 
him to mind all the News & to come [ ] me with them if of 
moment, haveing no Jndian I [ ] ould trust I gave him a Letter 
to y e Go r . and one to [C]oll Johnson acquenting them with what 
he had told [ ] ith which he promised to Send his Son in Law 
off [i]mmediately with & Said he would call all y e Indians 
[ ] gether and tell them at my Desire he had Layen [ ] side 



Line or lines missing. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 137 

his morning and get those who had been at [C]anada to give 
Ace* of what had happened ther 

[ '] 

[ ] Prisoners Delivered them [ ] asked 

how he durst goe to Albany [ ] wher was his place 

this was the Subst[ ] I thanked them for their news 

and asked [ ] given to Cure they said the Sat ims Lecked 

y e [ ] Spetsh well in condoleing y e Death of their 

[ ] ill pleased with y e rest of this Spetch & that 

[ ] was gon to Consult w* y e oy r Sa ms what answer 

th[ ] Two Anadaga feighters cam & told they were 

24 sent by [ ] Sa ms to Acquent me that he would have 
come to See [ ] fall to tell me all their News and Bring 
me [ ] Desired but his familie fell Sick this and [ ] 
wather hindered him & now he was obliged to [ ] John- 
son but how soon he returned he would com [ ] me & tell 
me every thing he knew. This day y e old [ ] Canodack 

25 & a great many of Said Nation who had [ ] here ever Since 
my Arrivel cam and told me they w [ ] [ ] goe home 
to their Castel with a Dead Squa I gave [ ] Some Rum 
& provisions & was as kind to them as I cou[ ] Desired 
them to tell their Sac tms that when I cam to th [ ] [ ] 
place I Demanded of them on all occasions to tell me [ ] 
news & I took it very unkind that they had not Sent [ ] 
an Ace 1 of all that had passed at Canada & that they [ ] 
as I was informed Sent the read head to Cadroughw[ay] 
without acquenting me of it & on what Ace 1 I had as they all 
knew behaved to them in y e most kind manner [ ] I did 
when here Last but that their Carriage to me was not y e Same 
which I took very ill They Said they were [ ] Sencible 
how kind I had been to all Indians and [ ] was oweing to 
y e Sickness in their Castel that Bunt [ ] not come with 
y e News & that the read head was on [ ] gone to tell 
y e Death of those they had Lossed by De [ ] w h was 
Custom one [ ] 

1 Line or lines missing. 



138 Sir William Johnson Papers 



, 

[ ] Oswego nor in y e way to [ ] [ ] 

[his] hunting house he took Said [ ] and Sent his 

owen Son to the Castel w* the [ ] Being informed that 

Suscuruana had gon[ ] [ ]ich discontented on Some Acc ts 
I shall not mention [ ] greatly for y e Interest of the 

Country to Plase him [ ] [ ] firm to our Interest in 

his present Situation [ ] [ ]ore Desired y e young man 

who was his grandchild to [ ]anked him for his News & 

Sent to him a Cage of Rum [ ]ng y e Go rs health a 

blankete & pair of Stockins to [ ] arm Pips and tobacco & 

Desired the Indian to tell [ ] Depended on his Sending 

me all the News and if of moment [ ] Send me an express 

and I gave y e Indian a Shirt and pro [ ] ions. This day two 
Senecas came & told me that John Cure [ ] an Express 

from y e Go r of Canada by way of Niagra acquent [ ]him 
that those of the five Nations who Live amongst the [Cha]nundi- 
dies had had an Ingagement w* the french who Live [ ] ther 
who are Numerous and Strong & that 10 of y e five Nations 
[ ] ere taken Prisoners & put in Irons & that on of them Liked 
that [ ] ill that he gave his knife to on of his Compagnions & 
Desi [ ] him to Kill which he did they told also that y e Go r 
of Cana[da] [ ]d Sent eight Large Belts of Wampom to 
the Muas Desireing them to come against us with Sharp Hatchets, 
they told also that a great many horses with Pouther, balls and 
arms were come from Philadelphia & gon to the River Ohio for 
y e use of the Indians who Live ther who they say have made 
Sharp war on the french & Indians that are attactched to y l 
[ Interest this I have also been informed of by oy r Indians 
[ ] by on who Said he Say them & that Some Scalps were Sent 
[ ]om thence to Philadelphia I thanked them for their News 
[ ]old them they might now See who were their friends & 
who [ ] re their Enemies by the usage the five Nations had rece 
(The ms. closes here) 



1 Line or lines missing. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 139 

FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
D. S. 

29th. pebw 1747/8 

By His Excellency The Honb 1 . George Clinton Cap- 
tain General and Governour in Chief of all His 
Majestys Forces in the Province of New York &c. 
&c. &c. 

Whereas I have appointed you Colonel of the Fourteen Com- 
panys of Foot rais'd for His Majesty's service in the Pay of this 
Province, and whereas it may be necessary to hold Regimental 
Courts Martial for the Better Preservation of Discipline and to 
Prevent Mutiny & Desertion among the said Troops 

I do by Virtue of the Powers & Authorities to me given im- 
power you to Call Regimental Court Martials as occation may 
require for the Corporal Punishment of such of the non Com- 
mission Officers & Private Men as may be found Guilty of 
Mutiny Desertion or Neglect of Duty according to the tenor 
intent and Meaning of His Majestys Articles of War which 
Court Martials are to consist at least of Three Commission 
Officers the eldest of which to sitt as President and for so doing 
this shall be your Warrant. 

Given under my hand at Fort George in the 
City of New York this 29* Febr 1747 

G: CLINTON 

INDORSED: Order to Col: Johnson for Holding Regimental 
Courts Martial. 



REPORT OF JAMES DE LANCEY, CHAIRMAN OF COUNCIL 

COMMITTEE, TO GOVERNOR CLINTON 

Contemporary Copp 

Feb. 29, 7747/8. 
May it please your Excellency 

In Obedience to your Excellencys Order in Council the 24 tfl 
Ins 1 ; referring to our Consideration an Extract of a Letter from 






140 Sir William Johnson Papers 

His Grace The Duke of Newcastle, to His Excellency Gov- 
ernour Shirley dated the 3 d Day of Oct r . last We beg leave to 
Report our Opinion there upon as follows: 

The Committee observing by the Extract of the said Letter 
that His Grace is directed by His Majesty to recommend it in 
the Strongest manner to your Exc? & Governour Shirley to 
employ your utmost diligence & attention to cultivate the Friend- 
ship of the Six Nations of Indians & to Keep them steadily 
attached to the King's Interest & to take care that the Necessary 
Measures may be taken as well for their Protection & defence 
against any attempt that may be made upon them by the French 
in Revenge for their haveing acted against them as for Preserv- 
ing their Friendship and keeping them strictly & inseperably 
allied to His Majesty & for that end that such Presents be made 
them on His Majestys part as have been Usual & shall be judged 
necessary by your Excellency & Governour Shirley, are humbly 
of Opinion in order to Promote these His Majestys most Gracious 
Intentions : 

1 st : That some Person or Persons of Credit & Influence over 
the Indians be sent into their Country as soon as may be & 
Instructed to Use their utmost Endeavours to dissaude them from 
going to Canada which the Committee think the more Necessary 
at this time as they have been informed the Gov r . of that Country 
hath given them an invitation to go thither this Ensuing Spring, & 
to render their endeavours more effectual that they be furnished 
wih proper Presents to distribute among the Indians as they 
shall find Occation & that they be also directed to assure the 
Six Nations that a Conference will be held with them some time 
the next Summer at which they will receive further & more Valu- 
able Presents. 

2 dl y: That for the Protection & defence of the Six Nations 
against any Attempt that may be made upon them by the French 
& also for securing their Old Men Women & Children when their 
Young Men go out against the Enemy, the Forts already begun 
to be erected in some parts of their Countries be forthwith 
finished & others built in proper Places & that the Persons to be 




THOMAS PELHAM, DUKE OF NEWCASTLE 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 141 

sent among the Indians as above be directed to consult & agree 
with the several Nations on the most Convenient Places for that 
Purpose & they be likewise instructed to use their utmost 
endeavours to prevail on them to settle themselves as near these 
Forts as may be which will tend much to their safety. 

3 d1 ?: The Committee conceiving from the Extract of the said 
Letter that the destroying the French Settlements at Crown Point 
is approved of by His Majesty are humbly of opinion that a Copy 
thereof be sent to each of the Governours of the Colonys not 
already engaged, to assist therein in order to induce them to Act 
in Conjunction with the other Colonies in this intended Enter- 
prise & to furnish their Proportion of Men & Necessary Stores. 
/4thl y . That your Excellency & Gov r . Shirley do make appli- 
cation to Admiral Knowles or the Commanding Officer of His 
Majesty's Ships of War that may then happen to be Stationed 
at Louisbourgh to employ some of the Kings Ships to proceed up 
the River S*. Lawrence in order to Occation a diverssion & 
thereby Oblige the Enemy to divide their Strength while the 
Attack is carrying on against the French Fort at Crown Point^ 

5thl y . The Committee are further humbly of Opinion, that if 
your Excellency & Gov r Shirley shou'd should think proper to 
join in maintaining a Garrison at Crown Point at the Charge 
of the Crown in case the proposed Expedition shou'd go on & 
Succeed, it might not only prevail upon the Assembly of the 
Massachusetts Bay to reconsider the Alterations they have made 
to the agreement enter'd into at New York of the 28 th of Sept r : 
last but also be an inducement to the several other Colonies to 
Engage the more readily in this undertaking. 

ftthly. If tn e Expedition shou'd be proceeded on the Com- 
mittee are Humbly of Opinion & do desire your Exc? wou'd be 
Pleased as soon as may be to order an account to be taken of the 
Battoes Cannon & Warlike Stores & implements in this Province 
provided at His Majesty s Expense that the several Governments 
engaging therein may provide & furnish their respective Propor- 
tions of what may be wanting for that Service. 



142 Sir William Johnson Papers 

7 th1 ?: And lastly the Committee are humbly of opinion in 
order that proper measures may be timely concerted for carrying 
on the Expedition & to remove any difficulties that might other- 
wise happen & also to prevent any delay that the Commissioners 
at the Massachusetts Bay New York & Connecticut do meet as 
soon as may be at New York or some other convenient Place & 
that Pressing instances be used to the other Governments to send 
Commissioners to that meeting. 

City of New York All which is humbly Submitted 

FebT 29 1 747 by order of the Committee 

JAMES DELANCEY, Chairm n 
Copy 

INDORSED: The Councils Report to His Excellcy, on the Duke 
of New Castles letter being laid before 'em. 



INDIANS AT PAUMITTUNNAUSEU TO THE RIVER INDIANS 

Feb. 1747/8 

A Message from the Indians at Paumittunnauseu to the 
River Indians. 

My Father, Your Son is here crying. A Father will hear 
when his Son cries; and he will understand his voice: and if he 
be crying behind him knowing his voice he will turn about to 
see whats the matter 

My Father at Mauhekun, Some years ago I sent you a Pipe; 
but have heard nothing from you since. 

My Father at Mauhekun, I have already compass'd the 
Frenchman round and laid close siege to him. Where ever he 
peeps out I kill him. He is so strongly fortified that I cannot 
take him. I can only Starve him out. 

REPLY OF THE RIVER INDIANS 

My child, Your Father hears your cries, being himself in poor 
miserable circumstances by reason of the distresses of the war. 



King Georges War, 1 7 44-1 7 48 143 

When I lie down at night, I am afraid I shall not live till 
morning, and when I rise up in the morning I am afraid I shall 
not live till night; I am so harrassed with the War. 

What you told me of the wind blowing is now come to pass, 
which is the occasion of my calamities. 

In answer to your Message I reply; You are grown up to be 
quite a man. When I was a man in my full strength I used to 
carry my Hatchet with me. If any Body offer'd me an injury 
I was ready to revenge it. 

I tell you further, if you are reduced to such distress that you 
are ready to perish, and remember our relation to each other, you 
know that relation is true and firm 

This is the answer from the River Indians to the Message on 
the other side returnd this present Feb. 1 747/8. 



GEORGE CLINTON TO JACOB TEN EYCK 
D. S. 

March 3, 1747/8 

By His Excellency The Honb 1 George Clinton Cap 1 : 
Gen 1 : & Governour in Chief of the Province of New 
York &c &c &c 

You are hereby directed and requir'd to deliver up to Col: 
William Johnson or his order the French Indian now a Prisoner 
in Albany when he shall demand him and for so doing this shall 
be your Warrant. Given under my hand at Fort George in the 
City of New York this 3 d Day of March 1 747. 

G CLINTON 
To JACOB TEN EYCK 
High Sheriff for the City & 
County of Albany 



144 Sir William Johnson Papers 

GEORGE CLINTON TO HENRY HOLLAND OR GERRITT VAN DEN 

BERGH 
D. S. 

March 3, 7747/8 

By His Excellencey The Honb 1 George Clinton 
Captain Gen 1 : & Governour in Chief of the Province 
of New York &c &c &c 

Whereas His Majestys service may require a Number of 
Snow Shoes & Tents to be made use of for the Protection of the 
Frontiers of this Province 

You are therefore hereby directed and required to deliver to 
Col: William Johnson what Snow Shoes & Tents you have of 
His Majestys in Store if he shou'd want the same for the above 
Service taking his receipt to be accountable for the same and for 
your so doing this shall be your Warrant 

Given under my hand at Fort George in the 
City of New York this 3 d Day of March 1 747 

G. CLINTON 

To HENRY HOLLAND Esqr 
or in his Absence to 
GERRITT VAN DEN BERGH 



ORDERS TO ALBANY GUARDS 
A. Df. S. 1 

Albany March [12, 1747/8] 

Coll Johnson's Orders [ J 

That the Guards [ ] to [ ] to be by 

Detachments Viz 1 [ ] One Cap*. [One] Lieut. 

& Six Serj 18 . & fourteen pri[vate] Men from each Comp^: in 
Town w ch . are to be Divided into Six Squads: The Captain 



1 Burned about the edges. The lines of fortifications and blockhouses 
of Albany were extended from time to time. See the histories of Albany 
city and county and Munsell's Annals, v. 10. 



,.r 



S 



2 >> 
Sc;s 

>~> n^ 

C bo 
rt ^o 

< 'Z 

a 
o <u 

ii be 
o JJ 

li 

H 
15 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 



145 



a Serjeant to mount Du[ty] & 14 private Men at N 2, the 
Lieutenant a Serg* & 14 Men at N. 9., the four other Serjeants 
[ ] their Squads to mount at N. 3. N. 4, N. 6 

& N. 8. The Serjeants Posted at N [3? &] N. 4 to 
[recejive their Orders [from the] Cap*, [of the] Gua[rd at 
N]. 2. The Serjeants Posted at N. 6 & N. 8 to receive 
their Orders from the Lieutenant Posted at N. 9. One Lieut, 
to be releivd every 24 hours at the Pa[troon's Mills] to Com- 
mand the Guards posted there Already w h Guard must Con- 
sist of one third of that Company In case of an Alarm the 
Remainder [of the] Company s w th their officers to Repair to 
the Parade, there to receive Orders from their Commanding 
Officers. 

That every Officer before he marches of [ ] 

inspect the Men's Arms & see that they have their Ammunition 
& that their Arms are Loaded. 

That the Eldest Captain mounts [first] Keep a Rotation of 
Equall Duty [Agreeable to] the above Orders The Adjnt 
to form a [ ] for the Officers Duty & the Serj 1 

of each Company for the Men. [ ] Patrolle 

[ ] [ ] first Patrolle at 11 a Clock at 

Nig[ht] [ ] the third at 3 in the Morning & 

[ ] [ ] of their Duty, to be relieved, 

Confined & reported [ ] Officer in the Morning. 

Centrys are to take Strict Notice that [ ] [ ] 

Approach the Walls or Stockadoes, of the Citty in t[he] Night, 
in Such Case, he is to Stop Such, if thy refuse to Obey him, to 
Call his Corporall, & make them Prisonners That the Corporal 
who is to go with the releif to their respective Posts, Every two 
Hours, is to take Care that Each Centinel, gives Such Orders, 
as he Received distinctly to him that releives him. That the 
Lieut & Serj ls . make a Report to the Captain of things [ ]t 

hap[pened] on their Guard & the Capt n to report [ ]ole 

[ Jmanding Officer [Morning?] 

The Guard to be mounted at 4 a Clock in the Afternoon, 



146 Sir William Johnson Papers 

and not to leave their Posts, or dismount Untill Seven in the 
Morning. 

That Officers not to leave the town without leave from their 
Coll ., Nor Suffer their Men. 
(Reversed on the page appear the following memoranda:) Keys 

54 

54 

50 

46 

54 

50 
308 

54 



3)254(84 
16 

TO GEORGE CLINTON 
A. Df. S. 1 

March the 15 th 1 747/8 
May it please Y r . Excell 4 *. 

As I take it to be my Duty to Acquaint Y r . ExcelK. w lh . 
what passes here in relation to the Service in generall & takeing 
this to be a thing of great Moment, I have Sent the Bearer, 
Express therwith As Soon as I had the full Ace". w h . is this, 
the Outscouts who went out to Scour the Woods, & make 
further Discoveries, being in 2 parties, (one consisting of three 
Christians & three Mohawks) & the other of 20 the former 
ab*. 2 of the Clock in the morning were Surrounded by a party 
of about 30 of the Enemy mostly Coghnawageys, 2 One of the 



1 Extract printed with variations under date of March 1 6th in Doc. 
Rel. to Col. Hist. N. 7., 6:422-24. The manuscript has been crossed 
out by Johnson as having been discarded. 

2 Iroquois from Caghnawaga (Sault St Louis) , on the St Lawrence 
river in Canada. See Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:582. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 147 

Mohawks Called Gingego (the Chief Warriour of all the 
Nations) being awake heard the noise of them approaching on 
Snow Shoes, wherupon he awakened the rest Imediately & 
desired them to stand together and fight like men but they finding 
the Enemy too powerfull took to flight Upon wK the Cagh- 
nawagees called out to Each other in there Language pursue v/ A 
them, they are gone that way wee are men, we will [have?] 
them meaning thorough a swamp or thicket Gingego & 
another Mohawk haveing Jumpt behind a tree In order to fight, 2** 
hearing that, Answered I am Gingego a Mohawk a Man who 
will never fly from you or Mankind & gave 3 Indian Yelps, or 
Hollows, & fired upon them, they Imediately fired a Volley at 
him, ' Shott him through the thigh & another through the body 
Cutt their Heads off, Scalped, or rather flea'd their whole Heads, 
Cutt of their Ears, nose & lips, & Stuck the Heads on a Sciver 
befor the fire, w h . when found were half roasted, Sett them on 
their Shoulders in the Snow, w th . their heels up, & mangled the 
Bodys in Severall parts, killed & Scalped a Young Dutch Man 
who lived by my House, & took another PrisonerySo that only 
two out of that party of Six Escaped their Barbarity, One of 
them a Christian the other a brisk Young Indian who heard 
Gingego Speak them words before he Dropt. This Day the 
party of fifty Indians, & as Many Christians returned w th . the 
Heads, & Bodys of two Indians & one Christian, w h . usage 
enrages the Indians to that degree that I have a hard time of it, 
telling me it is all My fault, by bringing them to engage in the 
War so far, and now have no help from Us when they are 
murdered, for as they observe not one man went out, or could 
be got to go along w lh . the Indians, untill they came to Schenec- 
tady, & in 2 Days after the thing Happened there was a Party 
went out w th - them from thence. Coll . Schuyler altho he had 
Y r . Excelley 8 . orders to have all the Militia in readiness never 
Sent a line, nor the least orders to any Capt n . or officer In all 
those Parts, nor even ordered one of those Men who were by 
allottment to be ready for Such Service, to March in pursuit of 
the Enemy, w th . the Indians Your Excelley. w th . the Council & 



148 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Assembly I hope will fall upon some way Imediately to have 
men ready on Such Occasions without Expense to Assist the 
Indians, Either In pursuit of an Enemy, or to Meet and Attack 
them when ever requisite, Otherwise give me leave to assure Y r . 
Excellcy, the Indians will be so dejected & that we Shall not by 
any means in a little time be able to gett one Indian to help us. 
& on the other Hand if I am but Impowered at this Juncture to 
Assist them with Men, Arms, Amunition &ca, I dare say there 
never Could be a better opertunity to engage them all heartily in 
y e . Warr, & their allies also, but their greatest Cry is for Men 
to go with them, for by going in such small Parties as they 
observe is the only way to have them all Cutt of & destroyed 
wherfore they are determined to go no More As Outscouts with 
less than forty, or fifty of our People with them. Y r . Excell ? 
I hope will pardon my dwelling so long on this Subject, but as I 
plainly see the Necessity of w*. I mention I could not avoid 
acquainting Y r . Excell ?. thereof & hope it may be to some pur- 
pose for Otherwise there will be no Staying in those parts, for 
Any of Our People longer, As this Cruel Affair portends a 
Bloody Summer. If Your Excell ?. thinks Proper, I should be 
verry glad to have the Commission as Coll , of the Regiment, 
Sent up as Soon as Possible, and then I could do a great deal 
more for the preservation of the Frontiers, than has been done 
hitherto, and be able then to have Some Men always ready to go 
out with the Indians, on any Alarm &ca Moreover Should then 
be better able to keep the Companys in Albany in More regular 
Order, for Collins will do all he Can to make disturbance among 
them Untill then. He makes his brags to all here that Y r . 
Excell c y writes him Y u . are Sorry You Could not give him the 
Command, & that the only reason was, because the Assembly 
would not make any Allowance for him. He shews the letter to 
all people. I shall let Y r . ExcelR know Shortly the State of 
all the Companys, but now have not time as this Affair takes up 
all my Attentions: This would be the Only time to Stir up the 
Indians w h . if I go among them Shall Endeavour to do, but now 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 149 

it will require a good guard to take with me & the Stores w h . I 
hope will be made provision for. I intend if I go among the 
Nations to Gett Jean Cour down w th . me if possible If Y r . 
Excelly has any news from home, Should be much oblidged to 
You for what may be Communicated. I am With all Imaginable 
respect Y r . Excellcy 8 . 

Most Obedient & Most Oblidged Humble Serv*. 

W M . JOHNSON 
To GOVERNOUR CLINTON 



TO JOHN CATHERWOOD 

A. Df. S. 
Mount Johnson, March the 16 ih . 1747/8 

To Cap 1 . Catherrvood 

Copra Vera 
DEAR SIR 

I arrived at Albany thursday the 10 th . this Ins 1 , after a most 
fatigueing Journey, when I came to Albany found Everry thing 
in Confusion, on Ace", of this Melancholly affair of the Out- 
scouts being murdered & taken This is the only time in the 
World to Stirr up the Indians & engage them, & their allies 
heartily in the War, & is to be done thus, As they Cry out now, 
we have brought them in the War, See them murdered in the 
most barbarous Manner, and do not assist them. Others of 
theirs lying rotting in goal &ca. If we would now Imediately 
Assist them with Men, Arms, Amunition, &ca they would Exert 
themselves, and make the french [ ] pay for it. if 

that is not done I assure Y u . Sir we [ ] not have an 

Indian to help us in a verry Short time [ ] they will 

be quite down Spiritted, & Cowed, if there is not a Number of 
Men for that purpose to be ready to Join them on Everry Emer- 
gency. This I find Since I have been away there have been 
Severall Belts of Wampum, Sent by a Priest at Codaraghque 



150 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to all the Six Nations Earnestly desireing to Speak with them 
Imediately, & Sent a verry kind Invitation to old Hendrick to 
go & See the governour, which must be put a Stop to as Soon as 
possible, otherwise all other Endeavours are vain. If his 
Excell c y. thinks proper to Send me a Commission to go & treat 
with all the Nations, & Stop them, I shall be ready to do it, but 
as we may say now there is an open Rupture between the 
Indians, it will be verry dangerous for me to go out without a 
Strong Guard, for now they will be all over, and should the 
french at Codaraghque, hear the least of my going there, as it is 
verry near Onondaga, they will y u . may depend upon it, Send 
to Intercept me if they Can. Wherfor hope there may be pro- 
vision made for a Guard to go with me. I need say no more to 
You on that Head. Coll . Schyler altho he had Orders from 
His Excell c y to my knowledge to have all his Regiment in readi- 
ness to March on any Alarm, never Sent an Officer the least 
orders of any kind, Since I have been away, as Severall of the 
Officers told me Yesterday at my house, Which was very Wrong. 
I have wrote to his Excell ?. now for the Commission of the 
Regiment, & then I can do Some thing for the Security of the 
frontiers, & Satisfaction of the Indians, pray Send me w* news 
there is from Europe & also Y r News there, with the Votes of 
the House w h . Armstrong will give you. My time is so taken up 
at present w lh . this Affair of the Indians to Settle them, that I 
have not time to Send his ExcelK. a State of the Comp^ 8 . but 
Shall Soon. I have ordered the Watch in Albany to advantage 
also in Schenectady, & Kinderhook, here is no Difficulty as to 
th[at.] In the Mohawks, & my house, being present myself 
Collins behaves the Vilest of any Man liveing & Uses the gov- 
ernour vast[ly] 111, In Every Shape, he Even Shews his last 
letter to all people, wherein he says he is Sorry he Could not give 
him y e . Comm[ission] by reason the Assembly would make no 
provision for him, & a great deal more too tedious to Mention. 
His Excell c y desired I would Send him an Express whenever 
requisite, wherfore hope this may be paid there, or give me orders 
to pay them here w h . y u . will [ ] I am quite full of 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 151 

Indians at present, have been oblidged to get my Clerk to 
Coppy my letter. 

I am w th . greatest Sincerity & Affection 

Y r . Most Humble Serv*. 

W M . JOHNSON 
To CAPT N . CATHERWOOD 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
D. S. 

[March 18. I747/&] 

By His Excellency The Honourable George 
Clinton Captain General & Governour in Chief 
of the Province of New York and Territories 
thereon depending in America Vice Admiral of the 
same & Vice Admiral of the Red Squadron of His 
Majestys Fleet 

Whereas I conceive it highly Necessary for his Majesty Service 
That none of the Six Nations of Indians in Alliance with His 
Majesty should be allowed to go to Canada or to have any Inter- 
views with the Governour of Canada or the French in that 
Country in Enmity with His Majesty 

You are therefore hereby required and directed to call 
together some of the Principal Sachems from each Castle of the 
Six Nations of Indians and to advise them in his Majesty's name 
not to depart from their Respective Castles nor hold any Inter- 
view with the French in Canada and to assure them in his 
Majestys Name That if they with their Allies will Continue 
Stedfast in their Engagements to his Majesty all possible care 
shall be taken for their Protection and Security against the Com- 
mon Enemy as also a Releasment of their Brethren Prisoners in 



1 In Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:421-22, is a letter of March 22d 
from William Shirley to George Clinton in which a proposal to send 
Johnson on a mission to the Indian country is approved; p. 41819, is a 
letter of March 24th from Clinton to the Duke of Newcastle containing 
a renewed expression of confidence in Johnson. 



152 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Canada now. On this Occasion you are to make a small Present 
in his Majesty's Name & tell them that they may expect an Inter- 
view this Summer with the Governour of New York who has 
orders from his Majesty to inform them of many things to their 
advantage and at the same time You are to adhere as much as 
You can to the advice which his Majesty's Council of this Prov- 
ince have given me concerning the said Indians pursuant to their 
Report of the 29 th . day of February last a Copy of which was 
delivered to You. And for so doing this shall be your Warrant. 
Given under my hand at Fort George in the City of New York 
the Eighteenth Day of March 1 747. 

G CLINTON 
To COLL. WILLIAM JOHNSON 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Orders to Coll . Johnson to Call a 
Council of all the Chiefs of the Six United Indian Nations, 
att the Old Meeting place Called Onondaga Anno 1 747 



A MEETING WITH MOHAWKS 1 

NATH ELL : FARRAND'S RETURN OF GUARD 

A. D. S. 
A Return of the Guard from N. 2 

April ye 41748 

att N 2 Nath e11 : Farrand Sentries 3 

att N. 3 Serj nt Sanderson Sentries 3 

att N 4 Serj nl Devow Sentries 3 

att N. 5 Serj nt Evans Sentries 3 

att N. 6 Lieut Sanford Sentries 3 

Nothing Extraordinary happened During our Guard, 
from your humble Servent, 

To the Hon rbl Coll: M r r . 

N: FARRAND, Cap 1 

WILLIAM JOHNSON 
Now at Albany 



Document of March 20, 1 748. See Appendix. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 153 

TO JOHN CATHERWOOD 
A. Df. S. 

D'SiR Art 9*. 1 748 

I wrote you lately ^ Doctor Shuckburgh, w h . I hope you 
rec d . w*. 8 Cash from Peter Winne I mentioned to you Some 
of the Officers who had p d . Collins, I find they have all paid 
him at the rate of 40 s for a Capt n . & Liu t9 . Commission I am 
so much Hurryed that with Settleing my affairs before I go, that 
I declare I've Scarce Time [to] write a line, I intend to Sett 
of next thursday from my House w*. a guard of 50 Men 
Capt n Thomas Butler, & Liu*. Laury officers We Shall have a 
fatigueing Journey of it And I reckon pritty Dangerous, for I 
am informed Last Night by Hendricks Son that the French at 
Cadaraghque haveing heard of it by Jean Cufer] 1 were quite 
Uneasy att the News and Said they would prevent it w h . is very 
likely they will attempt it for It would be a [thi]ng of great 
Consequence to them the worst of it is we must march thorough 
a thick woods for [ajbove 100 mile on foot to go thorough all 
[t]he Castles by the Way In order to talk to some of the most 
obstinate of them privately, before y e [ ] W h is the 

only way I could ever find to gain [ ] Point w th this Sort 

of people. I reckon I shall have a great deal of Difficulty to 
prevent their going, or Overset all that the French have been 
doing Since last Fall, However I shall leave no Stone Unturned 
y u . may depend upon it, to Accomplish w l . I go ab*. Either by 
fair or foul Means, for if they are obstinate, I mean the Onon- 
dagas, I shall Certainly talk verry harsh to them, & try wh 1 . 
that will do. I hope to return (if nothing extraordinary happens) 
in ab*. 3 weeks. When I hope to give his Excellc? an Agreable 
Acco 1 . of my progress. I hope his Excellcy. will not Omitt 
writeing to me if any thing of Consequence. I have left orders 
att home to forward any of his letters directly after me, for that 
would be the time to hear good news when among them all 
Especially of an Expedition going on w h . would Chear up all 

1 Joncaire. 



154 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



their drooping Spirits. If the Governour [and] Governour Shir- 
ley intend to Come up Soon, it would be verry proper to Give 
me timely Notice of it in order to prepare the Indians all for a 
March 

I hope the Assembly will not be so Unconscionable as to 
Expect I should take the Command of these 14 Companys with- 
out a Sallary. I leave that & y e . Affair of the Regiment Intirely 
to his Excelled. , & You to do as you think proper again I Come 
back, for at present I assure you it is in a bad way As is the 
Watch of Albany. w h . I would also Manage otherwise if that 
affair was Settled. I trust to your goodness, in Seeing Justice 
done me there ab*. My Severall Acc tts . & Disbursements. 
[ ] I shall have much occasion for Soon. M r . Watts has 
orders to receive all S d . Sums for me when ready. I am So much 
hurryed that I must bid you Adieu, wishing you health & happi- 
ness I conclude Y r . Sincere freind & Affectt c . Humble Serv*. 

To CAPTN. CATHERWOOD WM ' J HNSON 

at New York 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : April 9 th 1 748 

Coppy of a letter to 

Capt n . Catherwood 

RETURN OF COMPANY OF JOHN SLOSS 

A. D. S. 
A Return of my Company April y e 1 2 th . 1 748. 




1 


1 


3 


1 


53 


3 





1 







60 





To COLL: WILLIAM JOHNSON 



Sir Your most Humble Servant 
JOHN SLOSS 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 155 

FROM JAMES WILLSON 
A. L. S. 

Albany apilltf 21 '^[1748} 
M R JOHNSON 
S* 

father Desires that you would Send [ 2 ] Dozen 

more of the butens for [ ] Dozen and there 

should be [ ] Coat please to Let me Know what 

[ ] with the [Iron?] that is here, father [and 

mother?] Desires to be Remembred to you with [ ] 

from your most humble servent 

JAMES WILLSON 



A CONFERENCE AT ONONDAGA 3 

April 24*. 1 748. 

At my first entering Onondaga I was received by all the 
Sachims & Warriours who stood in order with rested arms and 
fired a Volley, after which my Party returned the Compliment, 
then I was Conducted by some of the principal Sachems to my 
Quarters which was a large Indian House cleaned out, with new 
Matts laid on the Cabbins to lie in, They had another large 
house clean for to lodge the Indians whom I had with me and 
two Houses more for my Party all in very pretty neat Order. 

Every Castle I passed through did the same Hoisted English 
Colours such as they had everywhere and beat their drums realy 
beyond Expectation. 



Mn Doc. Rel. to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:419-20, is a letter of April 
22d from George Clinton to the Lords of Trade in which mention is 
made of a mission to the Indian country on which Johnson has been sent; 
p. 42426, a letter of the same date, conveying the same intelligence, 
from Clinton to the Duke of Newcastle. 

2 Manuscript faded. 

3 Copy of Johnson's journal in Council Minutes, 21 :300. 



156 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



In about an hour after I arrived they called all the Sachems 
of every Nation together and then sent for me to the meeting 
which was a very full one. 

Ganughsadeagah an Onondaga Sachem Spoke. 
Brother 

We the Five Nations now assembled here All bid you heartily 
welcome to our Fire or Meeting Place, and are thankful the 
Lord who is above has spared your Life to come among us at 
this bloody time. Gave three Hands of Wampum. 

Brother 

You sent a Belt of Wampum through all the Nations some 
time ago, desiring us all to stay home, and not one offer to stir 
or go to Canada upon any Account whatsoever, until we heard 
further from you, or should see you. Now Brother We the 
five Nations here together must tell you We think it very hard, 
being kept from Hunting now almost two years (Except a trifle 
about home) and that all for nothing as we can see no sign of 
your doing anything with your army as we expected. What shall 
we do now to live being in a miserable poor Condition, and if we 
have a trifle to lay out, Goods are so dear at Oswego that We 
can have nothing without paying three Times as much as We 
used to do, so that we are to be Pittyed. Notwithstanding all 
these difficulties We have at your desire stayed Home. Gave 
a Belt of Wampum. 
Brother 

You some time after sent another Message desiring us all to 
meet you here at Onondaga, and that you would be soon with 
us, we have accordingly agreed to your desire, and are here 
now assembled this long time, expecting of you, in a hungry 
condition, having nothing here to Eat and are far from home. 
Delivers more Wampum. 
Brother 

Being quite out of Patience and hungred, waiting your com- 
ing, we at length resolved to break up and go home when we 
received another Message from you that you were then at 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 157 

Ganughsharagey * Castle within a days journey of this Place and 
desired we might by no means break up e're you come But 
desired we should buy what Hogs Corn &ca we could which we 
have done, and are all here ready to hear your News and return 
you thanks for Considering and supplying our Wants. So we 
finish for this day: Returns another Belt of Wampum. 
My answer to the aforegoing. 

Brethren of the five Nations I return you all my most hearty 
thanks for your kind Welcome, and assure you I am very glad to 
see you all well here, at the old Meeting Place of our Forefathers 
whose Steps I have now traced here in order to keep the Road 
clean and open, according to the agreement made when We first 
joined in Brothership, which I hope you all remember. 
Brethren 

I must now tell you I am come here by your Brother the 
Governour's Orders, to speak to you and tell you his News, 
But as I am a little fatigued after my Journey Cannot speak to 
you this day Wherefore desire to meet you all here tomorrow 
Morning When I shall tell you my Message as also your 
Brothers News So hope you may be easy in your Minds and 
Content yourselves so long And I will this Night provide a Feast 
for your Sachems and another for the Warriours & dancers who 
I hope will be merry which is my greatest pleasure to make & see 
them so. Finished for this day. Wampum given by me. 

April 25: 1748. 
My Speech 

Brethren of the five Nations I have made what Dispatch I 
could to meet you here, but the danger of travelling these roads 
now is so great that I did not think it safe to come without a 
Guard, Which together with the Battoes with Presents Stores 
&ca. has delayed me longer than I expected. I am very sorry 
for it upon your Account But now I shall make Amends by 
making what dispatch I can. 

Brethren of the five Nations I will begin upon a thing of a 

1 Canaseraga. 



158 Sir William Johnson Papers 

long standing, our first Brothership. My Reason for it is, I 
think there are several among you who seem to forget it; It m^y 
seem strange to you how I a Foreigner should know this, But 
I tell you I found out some of the old Writings of our Fore- 
fathers which was thought to have been lost and in this old 
valuable Record I find, that our first Friendship Commenced at 
the Arrival of the first great Canoe or Vessel at Albany, at which 
you were much surprized but finding what it contained pleased 
you so much, being Things for your Purpose, as our People con- 
vinced you of by shewing you the use of them, that you all 
Resolved to take the greatest care of that Vessel that nothing 
should hurt her Whereupon it was agreed to tye her fast with a 
great Rope to one of the largest Nut Trees on the Bank of the 
River But on further Consideration in a fuller meeting it was 
thought safest Fearing the Wind should blow down that Tree 
to make a long Rope and tye her fast at Onondaga which was 
accordingly done and the Rope put under your feet That if any- 
thing hurt or touched said Vessel by the shaking of the Rope you 
might know it, and then agreed to rise all as one and see what 
the Matter was and whoever hurt the Vessel was to suffer. After 
this was agreed on and done you made an offer to the Governour 
to enter into a Band of Friendship with him and his People which 
he was so pleased at that he told you he would find a 'strong 
Silver Chain which would never break slip or Rust to bind you 
and him forever in Brothership together and that your Warriours 
and Ours should be as one Heart, one Head, one Blood &ca. 
and that what happened to the one happened to the other After 
this firm agreement was made our Forefathers finding it was good 
and foreseeing the many Advantages both sides would reap of it, 
Ordered that if ever that Silver Chain should turn the least 
Rusty, offer to slip or break, that it should be immediately 
brightened up again, and not let it slip or break on any account 
for then you and we were both dead. Brethren these are the 
words of our Wise Forefathers which some among you know 
very well to be so. Now Brethren understanding or hearing that 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 159 

the French our and your Common Enemy were endeavouring to 
blindfold you and get you to slip your hands out of that Chain, 
which as our Forefathers said would certainly be our destruction, 
I now out of a tender regard for your Safety and Welfare as 
well as Ours, conjure you not to listen any more to the deceitful 
French who aim at nothing more than to destroy you all if in 
their power; but stick fast to the Old Agreement which you will 
find the best. A large Belt of Wampum. 

Brethren of the five Nations in the next place I must tell you 
I am sent here by Order of your Brother the Governour as also 
the Governour of Boston to stop your going to Canada, they 
having heard (to their great concern) that you were determined 
soon to go that way again which is quite contrary to your Engage- 
ments and Contrary to the Custom of all Nations in the World 
in Time of War. Bretheren you take wrong the first Message I 
sent you with a Belt of Wampum, by imagining I meant to stop 
up all your Roads, for I only meant that Road leading to Canada 
You may remember your Brother the Governour, and I ever since 
the War desired and pressed you all to use your Interest every 
other way where you had or could make any Now I must tell 
you and assure you that he and I are of the same Mind still and 
desire you by this Belt of Wampum to use your Interest every- 
where you can But by no means whatsoever offer to go to 
Canada. A Belt. 

Brethren I am to assure you that if you stay home from 
Canada, That your Brothers the Governour of York &ca. will 
endeavor as soon as possible to get back your Flesh and Blood 
from Canada, which you say is the only thing induces you to go. 
This they would have tryed before now for, but that you went 
down last year, when they imagined you might get them but 
finding that would not do, I desire you now by this Belt of 
Wampum not to try any more but leave it entirely to your 
Brother &ca. who will use their Endeavours and are most likely 
to succeed. A Belt. 

Bretheren of the five Nations You all came to me last Spring 



160 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ji 

with several Belts of Wampum, desiring Liberty to go to Canada, 
and take the last Tryal to fetch your Flesh & Blood (the Caghna- 
wagees) from there, which was agreed to at your earnest Re- 
quest, & promise of returning back again in a Month But instead 
of that you staid there the whole summer and did not bring one 
of your Flesh & Blood along with you, which makes me think 
that, that was not your Business there, only to talk with our 
Enemy the Governour of Canada, which is quite Wrong. You 
at the same time begged earnestly that I would keep all the 
Warriours of the five Nations at home (altho then ready to go) 
until you returned which I expecting would be about a Month 
agreed to fearing as you told me That their going to War while 
you were there would overset what you went about and might be 
the occasion of all your Deaths in case they had Committed any 
Hostilities in the French Country while you were there now 
Brethren I am sorry I've Reason to tell you that I think your 
going to Canada last year, has been the occasion of our loosing 
several of Our people whose Scalps I dont doubt you have seen 
brought in there in Triumph while our Hands were tyed here by 
you which was a hard case and should you now talk or think of 
going that way again what must the Consequence be Nothing 
surer than death and an everlasting Scandal forever Where- 
fore Brethren I most earnestly desire you all by this Belt of 
Wampum not to listen any more to the deceitful French who 
have ever been your Enemy nor offer to look that way now. A 
Belt. 

Brethren of the five Nations. I desire you to open your Ears 
and mind what I say to you As I have in the beginning reminded 
you of the old Agreement made by our noble Forefathers which 
was that we were and should ever remain as one Flesh, One 
Blood, one Heart, One Head &ca. and that what happened to 
the One happened to the other Now Brethren you see we have 
got the Frenchman's Ax sticking fast in our Heads Day after 
Day, and the five Nations also, Some of the most Principal you 
see were murdered the other day in their own Fields by the 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 161 

French and Cachnewagees. You the five Nations have not hurt 
the Cachnewagees as yet tho' in your Power often to do it; So 
that it appears plainly by their using the five Nations in such a 
barbarous unprecedented Manner that they aim at nothing else 
but to quarrel with and destroy you which has ever been their 
View as you all by Sorrowful Experience have formerly seen and 
felt when they used to destroy your Castles and sacrificed such 
Numbers of your brave Predecessors that there lies large Heaps 
of their Bones ever since scattered over the whole Country. That 
alone any Man would think was sufficient to stir up an Ever- 
lasting Resentment in you against such a set of barbarous People 
if there remained the least Spark of that great Spirit in you which 
your brave Ancestors were noted through the World for. 

Wherefore Brethren as you may plainly see they mean to 
sacrifice You as well as us if they could; I now desire you if 
there remains the least spark of that noble spirit in you which 
your brave Ancestors were noted to have through the World 
that you may now follow your brother's desire and use the Ax 
against them which you have so long in your Hands. A very 
large Belt. 

Brethren of the five Nations I have one thing to desire of you 
which as Brothers I expect you will be sincere and tell me: your 
going to Canada last year and desire of going there now makes 
me think you cannot be sincere or hearty in your Brothers Cause, 
for it is impossible to be true to both Wherefore I desire you 
to drop the one intirely and stand by your own Brethren, other- 
wise I insist upon your declaring your Sentiments That I may 
when I return give an Account of it to your Brother and likewise 
to your Father the King. A Belt. 

Brethren of the five Nations as I have desired and expect you 
will all Mind your Brother the Governour's News This is to 
assure you if you do That the King your Father has sent orders to 
the Governour to take care of your Castles and Familys while 
your Men are out at War And has ordered me to look out proper 
places to erect Forts for your Safety which I have done since I 
6 



162 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



came up here and will immediately set about building them pro- 
vided you all agree to it, and come together, I have also one 
thing further to tell you Brethren That the King your Father 
has sent you a parcel of Goods for the use of your Families as a 
Token of his Love to all those who are Hearty in his Cause and 
mind this News I expect you will soon see and Receive 'em 
from your Brother the Governour at Albany where I desire you 
may be all ready to come and meet him when called upon. A 
Belt. 

April 26* 1748 
The five Nations Answer 

Brother We are very thankful to you for reminding us of the 
old Agreement made by our Forefathers and are overjoyed to 
hear that you have found it out, and hope you will take care not 
to let it be lost again, for we are sensible that keeping up to them 
Rules laid down to us thereby is the only way to enable us & You 
to withstand our Enemies and preserve our Lives wherefore you 
may depend upon it That all the arts or Cunning Ways of the 
French which its true they use a great deal of shall never get us 
to drop our Friendship to you our Brethren. A large Belt. 

Brother As you have now stopped the Road to Canada and 
desire us by no means whatsoever to go that way We the five 
Nations now assembled here Cant help telling you That we think 
it very hard and cruel to be hindred from Fetching our own 
Flesh and Blood from thence who lye rotting and dying in Irons 
when We are offered them only to go for them. Had you got 
them from thence as you have your own People We should not 
think of going to Canada as Friends but in another Manner, 
However upon your promise of redeeming them soon We all 
agree to your desire and promise you we will not go to Canada 
nor look that way before you make a Tryal for the redemption 
of our People And as you say you have so many French prison- 
ers We think you may easily do it if you have a Love for us. 
There is nothing in the World would give us all a greater Pleas- 
ure than to have our people from thence Wherefore beg earnestly 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 163 

Brother you will make haste and We assure you by this Belt of 
Wampum that we shall not go to Canada. A Belt. 

Brother What you say is Right about our going down to you 
last Spring for Liberty to go to Canada to take the last Tryal 
for our Flesh and Blood the Caghnawagees. We assure you 
when we went away we had no other View and thought to return 
again immediately but as we were at Mont Real the News of the 
five Nations killing and taking several French just come there 
which we did not expect upon that We were all ordered to 
Quebec where they were going to put all in Goal however they 
did not but kept us there as prisoners 92 Days and so come away 
at last with only two of Our prisoners who were in Irons The 
Governour telling us that if we come or sent this Spring for the 
rest he would let them go provided the five Nations Committed 
no Hostilities in that Time, If they did the least Harm He 
assured us that he would then immediately put all the Prisoners 
to Death Now Brother as to your Hands being tyed by us It 
is true we begged of you that the Warriors of the five Nations 
might not go a Fighting to Canada until we returned But only 
to scour about the Woods near Home, which we thought best not 
imagining at the same Time That there would be so much Mis- 
chief done as there was, Expecting when we got there to prevail 
with the Caghnawagees to be easy at least if we could not get 
them along with us Which we find we could not being too much 
under the Directions of the French. Now Brother as we have 
told you the affair we hope you will not blame us as you have 
done But be assured that our Resolution is to live and die by you. 
A Belt. 

Brother We listen to you with open Ears and mind what you 
say you may depend upon it And we hope you will not make a 
doubt of it that our firm Resolution is to keep up in every Step 
to the Rules laid by our Forefathers And we have your Ax so 
long in Hand we assure you that we have been ever since we first 
took it up always ready to make use of it in Conjunction with 
you and will ever Continue so. A Belt. 



164 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Brother As you desired us to open our Minds and tell you our 
Resolution, We now tell you in Answer to that Our firm Reso- 
lution is to stand by you as Brothers for ever and to make use of 
the Ax we have in our Hands whenever it is thought requisite 
But brother we were in hopes to have used it before now to 
some Purpose As you told us two years ago that you were then 
ready to march with your Army against Canada but instead of 
an Army you only sent out small Parties several of whom were 
by that means cut to pieces. Had you gone on with your Army 
and Ships as you told us you would and assisted us properly to 
get over the Foreign Indians to our Interest Who offered their 
Services, then we should have been able with the loss of a few 
Men to have drove the French and his Allies into the Great 
Lakes and drown them. But as you have not done that which 
we are sorry for we tell you now Brother that according to 
your desire we used what Interest we could that way and have 
gained a Considerable Number of the Foreign Indians who were 
ready to join you & us But as there is no Sign of an Army now 
Nor the Encouragement given to them which they expected We 
cannot pretend now to say what they will do. A Belt. 

Brother As you have now taken a View of some of our Castles 
and told us the Governour Our Brother ordered you to Fortify 
them provided we all agreed to it and Come together We return 
him and you many thanks for your Care of us and shall as soon 
as possible move & come together and then we will acquaint you 
of it and expect you will then fulfil your promise. We also 
return you many Thanks for the Presents brought us Now which 
saved us a great deal of Trouble of going down so far and fetch- 
ing them which would fall hard upon several of our old People. 
We also assure you we will be ready to go and meet our Brother 
the Governour when he calls us. A Belt. 

Brethren of the five Nations I now return you all my hearty 
thanks for your ready and agreeable compliance to all my desires 
which I hope will tend much to your Advantage as well as Ours 
for by such a good agreement between us We shall the better be 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 165 

able to preserve Our Lives and destroy our Enemies. Brethren 
if what you now promise me this day comes from the Bottom of 
your Hearts, as I expect it does then I shall return to your 
Brother the Governour with a chearful Heart and tell him you 
are still sincere and true to your engagement and I dare assure 
you all that you will ever find him so to you in every respect. 

A Belt. 



JOHN RUTHERFURD TO [WALTER?] BUTLER 
A. L. S. 

New York 29 ih Aprile 1748 
To CAPTAIN BUTLER 
SIR: 

When I returned here I found there was nothing to be expected 
against Canada so thought it best to take the opportunity of The 
Oswego to make a short trip to London to setle some of my private 
affairs. As I talked over matters with you at Albany when I 
expected to have been sent elsewhere I need add very litle here 
but to desire you to add the three Men to the duty Roll as we 
agreed & one for Capt Cleland as L f , & another as Agitant as I 
find The Governour intends he should do that duty at Albany, 
I must beg the favour you would assist Capt Cleland & show him 
any Civilities in your power, as I'm sure you'l be very fond both 
of his Company & Mrs Clelands. I hope you'l find a way not to 
allow me to be at more expence in the main than the other 
Captains & endeavour if any how possible to keep the Company 
full & charge the expences of recruiting in the pay Roll which 
after next pay day which is the sixth, you must peruse & sign 
befor Serjt Morris carrys it to the Mayor beginning the 6th of 
June & adding the five as above. I shall see you at Albany befor 
the River freezes if I'm not very unlucky in passages so wishing 
you & Your Family all health & happyness I am Sir 
Your most obed 1 humble servant 

JOHN RUTHERFURD 



166 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



P. S. I have wrote Serjt Morris about searching Robert 
Miller's Wife who Carryed off some things from this that was 
stollen from my Wife by her Maid Janet Smith, so pray see that 
he searches them carefully & cause keep a strict eye upon them 
for I suspect he may attempt to desert. The best way to secure 
him would be to take hold of him when in some scrape & get his 
money in keeping 
INDORSED : Cap*. : Ruther f urds Letter 1 74 [ 8 ? ] 



COMMISSION FROM GEORGE CLINTON TO JOHNSON AS COLONEL 

D. S. 

May /, 1748 
By his Excellency 
The Honorable George Clinton, 
Captain General and Governor in Chief of the Province of New- 
York, and Territories thereon depending in America, Vice- 
Admiral of the same, and * of the White Squadron of 

His Majesty's Fleet. 

To William Johnson Esqr 
Reposing especial Trust and Confidence, as well in the Care, Dili- 
gence and Circumspection, as in the Loyalty, Courage 
and Readiness of you, to do his Majesty good and faith- 
ful Service; Have nominated, constituted and appointed, 
and I do, by Virtue of the Powers and Authorities to me 
given by his Majesty, under the Broad Seal of Great 
Britain, hereby nominate, constitute and appoint you the 
said William Johnson, Colonel of The 1 Regiment 2 

of Militia Foot, For the City and County of Albany in 
The room of Colonel Philip Schuyler You are therefore 



1 Space left in original to be filled in. 

2 June 28, 1 748 Governor Clinton in his message to the General 
Assembly wrote: " On the 18th of February last, I appointed William 
Johnson, Esq; Colonel of the Levies. . . ." See Journal of the Legis- 
lative Council of New York (Albany, 1861), p. 1018. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 167 

to take the said Regiment into your Charge and Care, as 

Colonel thereof, and duly to exercise both the Officers 

and Soldiers of that * in Arms. And as they are 

hereby commanded to obey you as their Colonel so are 

you likewise to observe and follow such Orders and Directions, 

from time to time, as you shall receive from me or any other your 

Superior Officers, according to the Rules and Discipline of War, 

in Pursuance of the Trust reposed in you; and for so doing this 

J shall be your Commission. 

GIVEN under my Hand and Seal at Arms, at Fort-George, 
in New- York, the First Day of May in the twenty first Year of 
his Majesty's Reign, Annoq; Domini One Thousand Seven 
Hundred and Forty Eight. 

G CLINTON 

By his Excellency's Command. 
Jn Catherwood, <Secre>tary 



ISRAEL WILLIAMS 2 TO JOHN H. LYDIUS 3 



fd May 4 ih 1748 
St. 

Last> Sunday arive'd at Hatfield <One Blake out 

Captivity and desired me to Inform you, <That the follow- 
Persons, taken from your parts Were at Canada <^in the 
hands of > the French when he Came from thence, y e . middle of 
y e . <last month :> Antony Vanscoak, John Abeal, W m . Goff, 
Ch r . M c .Grau, Jacob <Vosburg,;> John Springsteen, John 
Thompson, Cor 8 . Sprung, Peter Banfil, these at Quebeck. Peter 
Fosburg one Lanard his Mother three Brothers, and a Little Boy 
of his Neighbours. A Young man taken at Saragtoge. these att 
Montreal. These Letter desir'd him as soon as possible to send 

1 Space left in original to be filled in. 

2 Major Israel Williams, of Hatfield, was commissary of the forces 
stationed for the defense of western Massachusetts, Francis Parkman, A 
Half-Century of Conflict, 2:232. 

Copy inclosed in letter, Lydius to Johnson, 1 748, May 8, q. v. 



168 Sir William Johnson Papers 

word, that the French & Indians were preparing an Expedition 
against Col 11 . Johns & the Mohawks & Settlements Near him of 
which they had Good Information. 

The afores d . Prisoners Expect soon to be sent away in a Flagg 
of Truce but the Poor Indians are Presoners in Chains and Like 
to be so for what I know, wish some provision was made for 
their Enlargement. M r . Hawks our Ambassador, also tells me 
the Indians he understood the Seneca's had Lately sent twelve 
Belts to the French, Nine as long as a Man three half so Long 
and that the French, had sent to y e . Six Nations five hundred 
Crowns & other things, a Valuable Present to them to Engage 
them in their Interest. I wish we may'nt lose 'em. 

Should be Glad to hear Something favourable from the Indians' 
Last Meeting at Onondage But fear our Conduct has Dis- 
courag'd them. 

I am S r In hast Y r Huml Ser 1 

Is R . WILLIAMS 
MAJ OR . LYDIUS 



FROM JOHN H. LYDIUS 

*' ' * * l748 



COL- JOHNSON 
S* 

on the other Side is Coppy of two Letters 1 I Receved from 
New Englend. I Conseaved the Acount theirin of such wate 
that I Emediately aplied for a Garde to Bring them Safe up soo 
that You may be on Your Garde to Give them a warm 
Reception I Long to hear what success you met with in Onon- 
dage and of the Other Nations. 

I Shall send the Oreginell of the Otherside tow Coppies to 
morrow to New York to Governour Clinton that he may Use His 
Causion to Prevent their Dissins. 



^toddard to Lydius, [May?] , 1 748, and Williams to Lydius, May 4, 
1 748, q. V. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 169 

Wee have Nothing New hear Neider is their a Likeliehood 
of an Expedition Wee are all well. I Long to hear the same 
from your honour in Hast 

I Remain yours to Command 

JOHN H: LYDIUS 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 

A letter from George Clinton, of May 9, 1 748, following Lydius's 
in the Johnson Calendar, has been destroyed. It directed Johnson to 
send out fifty scouts. 



JOHN STODDARD TO JOHN H. LYDIUS 1 

[Mai; P 1748] 
S R 

<Last night> M r Hawks returned hither, having brout only 
<two> Prisoners, his Nephew that he went for being one of 
them. <he> saith the Gov nr . told him he would send the others 
to Lewisbourgh as soon as the season would allow of it but I 
Cannot tell whither he ment to Send those only that were taken 
from this; or from all the Governments. I w.as in hope that he 
would have brought the Prisoners that Belong to the Six Nations, 
for before Hawks went from hence, I wrote a Very pressing 
Letter to Gov nr . Shirley to use his Best Endeavours to Obtain 
the freedom of those People, and Concluded that he had 
Written to the Gover nr of Canada for that purpose but his Letter 
Came hither sealed and he Did not Inform me what he had 
written. 

Hawks tells me that three of the Indians Prisoners are Dead 
I Receved a Letter from Cap* Van Schaick a Copy of which 
I purpose to Inclose, with several Other Letters from your 
Countrey Prisoners to their friends at Albany I am S r 
Your Very Humble Serv* 

JOHN STODDARD 

1 Copy inclosed in letter, Lydius to Johnson, 1 748, May 8, q. v. 



170 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Hist. N. y., 2:619-21, is an extract from a letter of May 
1 4th from Johnson to George Clinton on alarm prevailing in the Mohawk 
country, compensation for scouts, the Indians* discontent and the need 
of legislation for their protection from traders. 



FROM JOHN H. LYDIUS 
A. L. S 

Albany May 16 1748 
COR LL JOHNSON 

I Receved Your from Schoneg td wherein You Desire to 
have Tow Hox d . Rum sent up which I Dow by the sam 
opertunity I had them att Pieter Van Ales the Contents are 
109 



113 



Gallons his Wif Did not know the Price he is Gon Down 



ther is nothing New by Kilian Renselar hoe Came Last Nite : 
the Acont from Kinderhook of one men killed and One Taken 
we had in town before You Left it Prouefs too True thay are 
as I heard of Cap*. Woolkos Men 

Pray be Carefull about Your Place the Gard or scout for- 
ward will You wass in Town are Returned Jesterday thay Could 
Not [Pass?] y e . sprouts x thay say the Water being too hey 
I Remane Yours to Command 

JOHN H: LYDIUS 

ADDRESSED: To Corll 11 WilK Johnson Esq r . 
att Mount Johnson 



FROM JAMES J. ROSS 
A. L. S. 

New York 6 June 1748 
[SIR:] 

We have that good News here that you have been almost at 
[Swege?] treating with the Indians, and that you have had 

x The four branches of the Mohawk river below Cohoes falls. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 171 

very good Success Yesterday came in here the Privatere 
Catrine commanded by Captain Burgess, who was Out but five 
weeks and brought with him a French Privatere with a Hundred 
and Sixty Men and three other Fine prizes Loaden'd with Sugar 
Cotton &c. with about One Hundred Sailors. 

I got you the best Sadie Horse, I coud find, which I make a 
present to you of which I hope will be acceptable. I wrote to 
you in my former Letter, about haveing him Shod, if the fore 
Shoes be well turnd in theres no Danger of his cuting himself 

I have got my House which I bought here in a very good 
Repair with a very convenient Cellar and Store, and as I live near 
Quincy's 1 Market where the Albany Sloops Lands if you have 
any thing to doe here, In relation to your Flower Bever or any 
other thing you Send, I shall doe you all the Service possibly ly's 
in my power if directed to me, my Wife Joines in our Respects 
to you and all friends there. I am S r 

Your most Humble Serv*. 

JAMES J Ross 

ADDRESSED: To Collonell William Johnston 
at M r Johnston in the 
County of Albany 



TO JOHN VISSCHER 
A. Df. S. 

Albany June the J/ ih 1748 
CAPT N . VISGHER 
SIR 

I rec d . yours last Night, and am Verry Sorry to hear of Davids 
Behaviour to Your Men, When he was here, he promised me 
they should have the Use of his house &ca, and, am Surprised 
now that he Should behave So, without Some of [y] r People 
have provoked him to it. However, as Soon as I go Home, I 



1 Probably a wrong spelling for Coenties. 



172 Sir William Johnson Papers 

shall go to Conajoharee, and hope to make Everry thing Easy. 
Untill When I Desire you Will do what You Can, to live easy, 
and Peaceable w th . the Indians, tell M r . Fry I am Surprised 
he does not Stop the people from Selling Liquor to the Indians, 
which is the only thing that Spoils the Indians. 
I am In Much Haste S r . 

Y r . Verry Humble Serv'. 

W M . JOHNSON 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. 

New York <5"' July 1748> 
SIR 

I have just this moment rec d <^yours of y e I st Ins l ^> which I 
have but time to acknowledge by Leu 1 <^Cleaveland.^> I send 
you ye inclosed piece of News which I believe will <Startell 
you> as it does every body Else tho I think if y e Parliment had 
agreed to y e Preliminaries, we must had orders before this, Upon 
this News I reed a letter from Goven r . Shirley last Saterday to 
desire I would pospone my meeting y e Indians 8 or 1 days upon 
y l I have sent an Express to show y e difficulty I shall meet in 
Complying besides y e danger of making them Angry if I dont 
meet them at or ab* y e time appointed, Therefore I was obliged 
to sett out, but woud defer speaking to them till the 20 th Ins* in 
hopes of his being at Albany by y 1 time, I sett out a Thursday, 
& expect an Answer to my express at y e Manner of Livingston 
this day Sennight, having given him positive Orders to be there 
in the morning. & wrote to M r Shirley to dispatch him for y* end. 

As to Castor Hatts I shall buy them & shall bring up some 
Barrells of Pork, but as to Beef we must have y* Fresh some 
way or other, I could have wished you had bought it of y e Boston 
Commission r when I first writt to you for it 

<One reason Goven r . Shirley > gives for postponing y e 
Confer <^ence is y l we may expect ^> some directions from home 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 173 

in regard to y e Indians <& what it would be proper > to say to 
them on this occasion. Adieu in < Great Haist> 

Yours most sincerely 

G CLINTON 
To COLL JOHNSON 

FROM ALBERT VAN SLYCK 

A. L. S. 

<Schonactenda}> July 21 1748> 
COLL JOHNSON 

I Cant but must acquaint you to my < great grief > Concern- 
ing this Last Cruall and most Barbarous <Slauter> wee had 
by the Enemey 

Daniall Toll Left the Company att Malewyck to fetch 
<^horses> from that Company and Shortly after they heard 
Severall guns fired and then my Brother adrian Sent his negro to 
Schonactenday to aq'. the people thereof also Desired to the 
people to go to the House of abraham Degroft where he would 
meat them firstly the New England Leu* with Some of his 
men & 5 or 6 of our young Lead and my B r . Danial Van 
antwerpen went there to See if they Could See or find Daniall 
Toll also Aukas Van Slyck was there with some men and the 
New England with his Company went further and aukas stayed 
by the House, then my Brother adrian Came to aukaskes as'd 
Dont you Hear 1 ting Go for gods Say[k] along then 

my Brother with * men went allong and Aukas Saffely 

followed him my Brother mett the Enemy only with 5 of 2 an 
told them to * and fight Expecting aukas with his Com- 

pany Every minite and when Aukas Came up he Look about 
and had no men he had only Some of our People and the Rest 
of the New Levys all Left him, So that Aukas was obliged to 
Run & my brother was only 3 of em and So Losst their Lives. 

Wee after hear In Scho d y that they were In Battle, wee Jacob 
glen & Self and Severall more went to assist them but as Soon 



1 Manuscript torn. 

2 Necessary words evidently omitted by writer. 



174 Sir William Johnson Papers 

as they heard our Coming they all Left the place as Doth appear 
for they where all Stripped Except my Brother Adrian. Wee 
where to Close on their heles made them not Strip Adrian. It 
grieved me I was no Comander when wee went for garret Van 
antwerpen would Suffer no more men to quit out of the place or 
Else I think wee would have overuned them & Concured and 
over Runded em for the Day was but J/2 Spent. 

So I Conclude and am your Sorrofull and Revengfull friend 
on those Bararous Eneys and am att all Times on your Comand. 

ALBERT V: SLYCK 

I Need not to mention of the Number of Dead & prisoners for 
I Suppose you have an ace 1 thereof. 

ADDRESSED: To Co 11 . William Johnson 
att Albany 



THE SIX NATIONS TO GOVERNOR CLINTON * 

[Albany] July 25 th2 1748 

Brother according to your desire that we < should > not listen 
to the French's invitations when we return to our Homes nor listen 
to any thing thy may say to us as we are sensible it is to our 
prejudice we assure you Brother it shall be as you desire & we 
will not listen to their Invitations nor go that way 

Brother agreeable likewise to your desire that there should no 
French too come among us for the future & that we should ban- 
ish bring down Prisoner Jan Cour or suffer you to bring him 
down we the five Nations have all agreed to your request in 
that case & do acquaint you that Our Brother the Seneca in 
whose Castle he allways liv'd have likewise now positively 



1 Speech delivered at Albany council, held July 23-27. 

2 In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:441-52, is a report of Indian 
proceedings at Fort Frederick, Albany, July 23-27, in which Johnson 
took part. Governors Clinton and Shirley participated, and the Six 
Nations and their allies were represented. 



King George's War, 1744-1748 175 

declar'd that thy will never for the future suffer him among 
them 

Brother as we have your Ax this long time in our hands 
expecting to have made use of it jointly with your Army which 
we find you have forgot or laid aside we now tell you & assure 
you that Since we first took it in our hands we have according to 
our engagements kept our Warriours or young men from going 
abroad or hunting much to our loss, every day expecting a call 
from you & now further assure you that we shall keep the Ax 
still in our hands & hold our selves in readiness untill you call 
upon us to make use of it with you 



PETITION OF INDIANS TO GOVERNOR CLINTON (Fragment)* 

[July. I748 2 ] 

o[ ] 

Brother We [ ] come down as a Guard to Coll Johnson 
[ ]th out any Call from y r Excellency but as we had hear[d] 
[ ] [ ] was at Albany here We are glad of the 

Opportunity [ ] Seeing, & speaking to you there was a time 
& not [long] [sinjce that we were afraid to See our Brethren 
but [ ] fears are vanished by the Assurances you have given 
[ 1 of y r good meaning towards us You may remember 
[ ] fall you told us that you were at War with a [cru]al 
Enemy the French & that y r People were [daijly murdered 
round about upon which we re[ne]wed the old Agreement 
between you & us insomuch [ ] at whatever good or evil hap- 
pend to One happens [to] the other, you offered us the Axe 
to use ag sl . y r Enemies & told us you Expected an Army to 
destroy Canada; We took up the Ax & promis'd to use it ag st . 

1 A petition presented evidently by the Lower Mohawks, whose castle 
was at Fort Hunter. 

2 The Council Minutes show that Governor Clinton was in Albany, 
with the purpose of attending an Indian meeting, as early as July 1 1 , 
1748, and was there as late as the 27th. 



176 Sir William Johnson Papers 

t 

y r Enemies in Conjunction with you. We have since [be] en 
desird by Co 11 Johnson to go out & annoy the [enjemy & get 
Prisoners to give us News of the Enemies [ ] tions while the 
Army y r Excell ?. told us of was getting [re]ady we have done 
this also to show our heartiness [ ]th the loss of some of our 
Principle Men, wherefore We hope [ ] will not make peace 
till we revenge this, but we [ ] afraid you are not in earnest 
as we dont see you [ ] [a]ny thing like what you proposed 
w*. y r . Army [Bro]ther [we] are at Psent obligd to Acquaint 
y r Excell c y that [our] [Brejtheren [the] Conojoharies are much 
Exposed to the Enem[y] [ ]sire y r . Assistance to fortifie 
them, & when [ ] [ t] is done, we cannot do without 

a number [ ] [m] en ready to jump out & join us in pur- 

su[it] [ ] [ ] troy ing them, whenever they invade You 
or Us [ ] will be the only means to Satisfie all our freinds 
& Allies [ ] [ ] farr distant Nations who are daily com- 
ing to our Interest that we are capable of defending ourselves 
[ ] [ ]d Ennoying ther Enemy In Some measure 

Untill the Army does go or is ready to Mo[ve] 



GEORGE CLINTON TO THE INDIANS 1 

[ 1748] 

2 ] tis true I did not Expect to 

meet You [ ] the Occassion to Commend y r - fidelity 

& [ ] join'd us against our Enemies: y l . fears 

[ ] you may be for ever assured of my good 

intension to] ward you. Do you but Proceed briskly as you 
have began you may Depend upon all the Encouragement & 
Protect [ion] in my Power; I am now come to put our People 
in as [g]ood order as I can either to Receive or march out 
against the Enemy, & as I propose never to Deny you assistance 
in Return I Expect You will be hearty to go out with us when 



1 In handwriting of Richard Shuckburgh. 

2 Several lines are missing. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 177 

call'd upon. I am much Concern'd at the loss of some of your 
Principle Men & hope by our mutuall assistance we shall get 

Satisfaction for them before we bury the Hatchet Our 

Brethren the Conojoharies you say are Expos'd, I have given 
Orders to Coll. Johnson to fortifie their Castle as soon as Pos- 
sible & shall order a sufficient Number of Men for their Defence 
which may Convince you & all our Friends & allies that I am 
in Earnest & you may be assured y r . safety shall be my particular 
Study 

Brethren My Resolution is stedfast & am now bringing my 
People to be ready to join y rs . & Act as one Body and Expect 
you will use y r . Endeavours to the same Effect among y r . People 
of what ever Nation that we may live & Dye together I most 
earnestly recommend to you not to listen to any Reports or any 
thing said to you beside what you hear from Coll. Johnson whom 
you may Depend shall repeat to you all the intelligence I can 
give him, in Return I Expect you will make report to him of 
every thing you hear as well what relates to y r own affairs as 
concerning the Enemy & their Motions that he may inform me. 
Thus it is to live & Act like Brothers & Convince the World 
we are inseperable 

TO JOHN LINDSAY 

A. Df. S. 

August 6 ih . 1748 
CAPT N . LINDSAY 
SIR, 

I am favoured with Severall of Yours, w h . I must desire you 
will be so good to Excuse my not Answering Ere now, as I have 
been prodigiously tormented w th . the Indians, and other affairs 
on My Hands, that I declare to you, I could do nothing Untill 
that Hurry was a little over. I am now to acquaint you that I 
have Spoke to M r . Clinton for Y r . Continuance, w h . he was 
pleased to Indulge me in. I also Enquired of him what would 
be done as to Sending a relief to Oswegoe, He answered that as 



1 78 Sir William Johnson Papers 

affairs were now Unsettled by reason of a Cessation of Arms, he 
could not resolve me Ere the Assembly mett. So that I am quite 
in the dark how to manage, as to buying Cattle &ca for Oswego. 
M r . Collins has taken upon him to Examine into the Number of 
Men at Oswego, & the Quantity of provisions Sent there from 
time to time, in order as he Says to prevent the Country being 
cheated by the Officers or me. Wherfore Severall Examinations 
have been taken by him, & Coll . Morris 1 Who was lately in 
Albany for that purpose So that I find they are resolved to Allow 
no more than what is Sufficient for the Number of men there on 
y e Spott. I wish you would please to Send me down an Ace" 
of What provision Y u rec d . for this half year, by the first, & a 
receipt for the former. As M r . Vanderheyden goes up, I defer 
writing y u . any news, for he can tell You more than I can write. 
I am S r . w lh . kind Compliments to you M rs . Lindsay &ca S r . 

Y r Most Humble Serv*. 

W M . JOHNSON 
To CAPT N . LINDSAY 

MEMORANDUM BY JOHNSON: to mention the Smiths Agree- 
ment to the governour, a present requisite w th . Each Smith & a 
bellows to the Senecas. 



FROM JOHN CATHERWOOD 
L. S. 

Ne-w York 8 th . August 1748 
SIR 

His Excellency ordered me to send by Cap*. Dowe 556: 
14:6 for which he gave you his Note at Albany, out of this 
Money I have paid M r . Williams 23 : 1 :6 Agreeable to your 
desire so that M r Dowe has in Charge for your use 533:13:0 

1 Lewis Morris, of Westchester county, chief justice of vice admiralty 
court, born in 1 698, died in 1 762. 



King George's War, 1744-1748 



1 79 



and his Excellency desires that you'd transmit by the first Oppor- 
tunity his note of hand. 

The Boston Paper takes Notice that the King of Spain is 
come in to the Cessation of Arms so that I expect a General 
peace will soon be made Publick. I hope you have got rid of 
your Family and that you have been fully Sated with the joys of 
their Musick I have not time to say more but that I am with 
great truth D r S r 

Your most Obedient Humble Servant 

JN. CATHERWOOD 

P. S. Gov r Shirley is still here and presents his Compliments 
to You. 

You have y e Acco 1 . of the Money on y e . other side 

An Account of the Mony sent by Cap 1 . Dowe 

N. 13 one Bag 52.. 14.. 6 

15 D 180 

16 DO 160 
20 DO 164 

556. .14. .6 
P d M r Williams 23. 1..6 



533.. 13.. 

ADDRESSED: To Collo. William Johnson 

at Mount Johnson 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Capt n . Catherwoods 

Letter August 8 th . 1 748 



TO CLINTON 



In Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:621-22, is an extract from a letter of August 
10th from Johnson to George Clinton, suggesting a method for recruiting 
companies depleted by desertion. 



180 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM JOSEPH CLEMENT 

A. L. S. 
Out Condacktedie 1 6 agustus anno 1 748 

CORNEL WYLLEM JANSEN 

ghi hat myn beloeft dat geen dranck in u fort sou verkoft 
worde in dat ghiet sou stoppe in fort willems in plaes van stoppe 
heb ghiet toegelate in u fort et welck niet vols u belofte was in 
daer ick u van gesprooke had van opmake van onse acte wier 
ick alle dage gedriegt van die u niet vremt syn soo als ghi u wort 
niet kan houwe soo is et geen wonder dat ick myn belofte niet 
na in kom in van ons opmake heb ick geen wort gehort als 
driegemente 

JOSEP CLEEMENT 

ADDRESSED: aen den heer wyllem yansen 



Translation 

Old Condacktedie /6 1 August anno 1748 
COLONEL WYLLEM JANSEN: 

You had promised me that no drink would be sold in your 
fort and that you would put a stop to it in Fort Williams. Instead 
of stopping it, you have permitted it in your fort, which is not 
according to your promise. And as to the drawing up of our 
agreement, of which I spoke to you, I am threatened every day 
by persons who are no strangers to you. If you can not keep 
your word, it is no wonder that I do not keep my promise and 
about our agreement I have not heard a word but threats. 

JOSEP CLEEMENT 

ADDRESSED: To Mr Wyllem Yansen 



r ln Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:438, in a letter of August 1 8th 
from Governors Clinton and Shirley to the Lords of Trade, is mention 
of Johnson's successful mission to the Indian country. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 181 

FROM THOMAS ARMSTRONG 
A. L. S. 

New York 31 August 1748 
SIR 

My last was 1 5 th . ins*, by Cap*. Vanallen Who returned heare 
last night & tells me he didn't See you this Journey & conse- 
quently no comands. 

I take this opportunity to inclose the curr*. news pappers, No 
ships from London wer heare Non would till the 1 5 th . of July 
or after if so, wee cant reasonably Expect them yet, & that they 
defferd Sailling till then in order to Save 10 *& O. in all 
Insurrance, their reason was that hostilitys was then to cease in 
the channel & is very well for the merchants concern'd. 

Since my last have had Some people cal'd for Beaver & deer 
skins P[ar]tic[u]larly Taylor the Hatter for some of the former, 
but the two old packs he wont touch, believe Some will Sell (I 
am Sure it will) at markett price which is all now at 10 or 10/6 
Some very good, & Some [Coat?] is wanted, I have got Taylor 
not to buy any Quantity till I heare from you, possably you may 
intend yours for London, if So the Antyloope a right good ship 
will be clear for thence airly in Nov r . 

Sir y r most obed 1 . Hble Ser*. 

THO ARMSTRONG 

Ex. to London 70 ^ O. & bills plenty 
rum 4/ ^ Gallon 
Flower 207 $ C. 

ADDRESSED: To Colonel William Johnson 

In Albany 



182 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM LEONARD LOCKMAN 
A. L. S. 

Boston 7* 3 1748 

blR 

I arrived but yesterday here my self when I was favoured 
with your Packet you may be assured that if I should not goe 
in the first vessel my self that I will take care that your letters 
shall be forwarded according to your direction & I will take 
care also your services done to the Crown shal not only be made 
known to Sir Peter Warren but to the Ministry to the extend 
of my Knolledge which is a good deal if I can be of any other 
servise to you here please to command me, hereby I send you 
a smal phial of drops which I recommend you to take every 
morning & evening from 20 to 25 drops att y e time which if your 
Phisition does approove thereof should be taken in a decoction 
of the woods as Lignum vite & Sarsaparill or any other he may 
thinck of 

[The] Instrument I was speaking to you of is in the hands of 
an old bruth that would not part wi th it so far tho' he does not 
want it, but he will let me have it next weeck to have one made 
by it as soon as it is done will send it to M r . John Wats att York, 
I shal be obliged to you if you would put Capt: Magin in mind 
of the horses, & if you could send me a beaver coat & a fine 
bow with a bundle of smal arrows for I design to dres myself 
ones in a Indien dres if you can thinck of any fittel things fit for 
that purpose I shal take as a greath favour the expence there of 
I will repay with a greath deal of pleasure & if I should be gone 
my wife will answer the same the sooner you could send this 
the better we dranck your health Yisterday at Governour Shir- 
leys who I beleave will write to you by this opportunity I doe 
not hear of any news here wherefore conclude whith my best 
wishes for your health & succes & am Sir 

Your most obedient Humble servant 

LEONARD LOCKMAN 
P. S. a pair of large Margessons 
& snow shoes 



King George's War, 1744-1748 J83 

TO JOHN B. VAN EPS 

A. Df. S. 

7*. 6*. 1748 
M r . JOHN B V EPS 
SIR 

This is to let you know that I have < orders > Now from the 
Governour to Releive You Both, & Send one Officer, & 30 Men 
in Your Room w h I thought proper to Acquaint you of in time 
by an Express as I had no other Way. I Expected Orders to 
Send a Releif there this Month past. Whereupon I wrote to the 
governour that he would leave the Choice of an Officer to me, to 
w h letter I Yesterday rec d an answer with liberty to Send whom 
I please there, and as I have a particular regard for you. if you 
have a mind to Continue there, It shall be so: But you Must 
Send M r . Bleaker down with the Men who are there, when the 
Releif Arrives W h will be in ab* a Months time, or thereabouts, 
if you want to Stay there Send me down word Imediately by 
the Express and whether any of the men there now will Stay 
any longer, and how many of them will Stay with you. pray 
let me know also how it is with the provisions, how long you 
think thy will last, & Capt n Lindsays. We Have not much news 
here at present but Everry thing Still on Ace" of the Cessation 
of Arms We Expect the London Ships in Everry Day & I 
think for Certain thy will bring the Proclamation of peace with 
them. If so I think there will be a fine trade next Summer at 
Oswego w h made me Send for a verry large Cargoe of goods to 
England, to be here Early in y e Spring. I wrote to you in my 
last to buy me w* ever Indian toys you Could gett w h . I hope 
you have not forgot & Some Seneca Oyl. Bever, Skins, &ca are 
fallen <verry much, the Merchants dont care to give> above 
Eight Shillings for Bever. <^four for leather. Bear Skins will 
be worth little or nothing as Soon as it is a> peace, w h makes 
the Merchants now <fearfull of buying> them even at a 
moderate price I shall <loose above 400,> by what Bever 
I have now by me, ^besides all other> Skins. I should be 



184 Sir William Johnson Papers 

glad you would Send me <down> what Ace" you have against 
me, by y r Self, & then what w th . M r Bleaker. So then I shall 
without fail Settle it, & Send up mine by the first opertunity, or 
Else with the Command. I am S r 

Y r Assured freind & Welwisher. 

W M . JOHNSON 

P S: pray let me know how the Flag of Truce got to Oswego 
& whether y u heard Since from them. & who is gone w lh them. 

To Capt n John B : V Eps, att Oswegoe, ^ Express 

In y r Receipts for the provisions y u . must Sett down the Quan- 
tity of Everry Sort, as Allowed by the Act of Assembly. 

My kind Service to M r Bleaker, & to all friends there, & 
particularly to y r good Spouse who I hope is well, & likes 
Oswego. 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Septb r . 6 th . 1 748 

Coppy of a letter to 
Capt". John B V Eps 



FROM BENJAMIN STODDERT 
A. L. S. 

Schonectady Sept r . y. 7 th . 1748 
SIR 

I have endeavour'd all I could to get Capt. Hogan Quartered 
at (or above) the flatts agreeable to your orders, but none of 
the farmers that own the Houses there will let him go into them, 
but say they want no Men there and threatn'd to sue Capt. 
Hogan or any one else that would go into their Houses without 
there consent. I therefore have order'd him and his Company 
on Duty in Albany till I have further orders from you, as 
Judged it would not be adviseable to Quarter Men in any of th< 
Houses, unless I could first procure the Consent of the Owner, 
as I apprehended it might occasion some confusion or other. 

Capt Bratt with his Company Marched to Kenderhook agn 
able to his orders, 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 1 85 

I likewise hear that the Men that was sent to Clavarack are 
well Quartered and that Funda has promised they should regu- 
larly receive the Additional Pay of Six pence ^$ Day. 

I flatter my self the badness of the Weather will in some 
Measure excuse my not makeing this Report sooner, and be 
assured that I shall with the greatest Chearfulness readily Comply 
with any further orders you Judge necessary relating to Hogans 
or any of the Companys Posted at Albany, And am with the 
greatest Esteem 

Sir Your most Obed*. Humble Serv 1 . 

B : STODDERT 

P. S. Should be glad to know your pleasure the first Oppor- 
tunity. 

B:S: 
ADDRESSED: To Col. William Johnson at 

Mount Johnson ^ favour of M r . Frazier. 



FROM ANGELIQUE VITRY 

A French letter of September 9th from Angelique Vitry at Montreal, 
to Johnson, following this in the Johnson Calendar, was destroyed by fire. 

TO JOHN CATHERWOOD 
A. Df. S. 

Albany 7K 16*. 1748 
D R . SIR 

I this Ins ! . rec d . y rs . w th . the Warrant and Commis hs . for the 
officers, but none for the Civil ones as I Expected, Which Should 
I now be disapointed in (after talking to the people about it) 
I Should not know how to look them ever in y e face besides the 
Mayor 1 has often Sayed in Compy 8 . here that he wished to be 
rid of his Commis 11 ., & Moreover Collins as a Lawyer will have 



1 October 1 , 1 748, Jacob Coenraedt Ten Eyck succeeded Dirck Ten 
Broeck as mayor of Albany. 



186 Sir William Johnson Papers 

the Same Influence over him, as he ever had. w h . will Still leave 
Every thing in a bad way. I shall take Care to get you the fees 
of these last Commiss. Sent up, and as Soon as the Regiment is 
Settled, w h . would be long ago but for want of two feild officers 
shal order the gentlemen Who Swear them to receive y e . fees, and 
when all payed, Shall send it to you together. I have asked Glen 
Several times to Except of the Lieu*. Col. Commission, but he 
desires to be excused, therefore I wish I knew w*. to do therein, 
and in Albany. I am Much oblidged to his Excell?. .for offering 
his Interest to make me one of the Council, but as it would by 
no means Answer for me, beg to be Excused. As His Excelly 
Insists so much upon my Supplying Oswego further I shall do it, 
altho I am not prepared, Haveing laid Aside all thoughts of it. 
Both the Flags of Truce are by the way, and w th .in a Day, or 
two's Journey of Albany w th . 31 prisonners. not one Ind n . nor 
any of them taken w th . them would be Suffered to come, Nor 
any of them taken last at Schenectady. there are Some French 
Officers, & french Ind ns comeing with 'em and design to go to 
York, I hear, wherfore I should be glad to know w l . his Exc? 
will Say to it. I am, D r . Sir, Much Hurryed So Conclude 
y r Assured friend, & Affectt, Humble Serv*. 

W M . JOHNSON 
To CAP T . CATHERWOOD 
P. S. I send y u y r . Ind n . Dress and hope it may Answer y r Ends 
if any thing is wanting let me know it 

INDORSED: Part of a Coppy [of a] letter to 
C: Catherwood 7K 16, 1748 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 
L. S. 

< Albany, 7*' 16* 1748> 
May it please your Excellcy 

I have yesterday rec d the Inclosed from <the two> Gentle- 
men who went with the 2 different Flags of Truce & expect them 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 187 

every Hour; thy are Accompanied as you See by Seven Offi- 
cers, Eighteen private Men & 4 French Indians In order as thy 
write to go to your Excellc? ab*. Getting their Prisoners from the 
Indians, but I dont see thy had Occasion for so many, on that or 
any such Business. I should be glad to have your Excell ? 8 
Instructions how to Act in the Affair, & whether you will Suffer 
them down or not, there is not one of our Ind s . suffered to Come 
nor any of the Christians who were taken w th . them w* 1 . is very 
hard, & will be the Means I reckon, of all the five Nations going 
down now to Canada to Endeavour to gett them. You have 
Inclosed a list of the prisoners Names who are now come, The 
Sooner I harde Y r Excell ? 5 Orders the Better, not to keep them 
here long. I am w th . the Greatest Respect Imaginable 
Y r . Excell^ 8 . Most Oblidged, & Most obd*. Hum. Ser'. 

W M . JOHNSON 

P. S. I have yesterday spoke to Major Glen who desires to be 
Excused Serving as Coll longer Wherefore should be glad to 
know whether I may * an other in his Room & Lyddius for 

Albany 

The Name of the Com* is vizt 
Mons r Franc 5 Mari Merchant Deslig<neris> 
The other 6 I do not know. 

A Coppy of the names of the prisoners I left at Montreal in 
the x and in Goal viz*. 

Isaac Truax 2 John Phillies 2 

Ryer Wempell 2 Benjamin Blackford 

* Joh s S. Vrooman 2 Peter Clinton 

Albert J. Vedder 2 Timothy Colel sorely wounded 

Franck Connor 2 Ruben Walker Lut 3 

Elijah Stansbury Adam Moll 

Edward Warren 



1 Word omitted in the manuscript. 

2 Taken at Schenectady July 18, 1748. 

3 Probably the abbreviation for Lieutenant. 



188 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



i-from England 



near Schotack 



from Schenectady 



The Names of the prisoners 
< 1 Capt n . WilK> Teage 

2 Phillip Evens 

3 Annatie Clock, at Saraghtoga 

4 Annatie Van Allen at Kinderhook 

5 Peter Van Allen her Ins*. 1 

6 Elizabeth Bloom from d 
7 

8 

9 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 

19 Daniel Howe 

20 Jonath n Lawrence 

21 Joel Johnson 

22 John Edgel 

23 Ephri m . Powers 

24 John Fitch 

25 Cathrine Fitch 

26 Susanna Fitch 

27 Jn Fitch 

28 Paul Fitch 

29 Susanna Fitch 

30 Jacob Fitch 

31 WilK DeGraf from Schenectady 

In all 31 prisoners 
INDORSED: 7 br . 16 th 1748 



Maria Scott d c 

Jacob Vosbourgh 
Andreas Huyck 
Abraham Gardineer 
Harmanus Hagedoorn 
Nichl 8 Viele 

Margaret Folmer from Kassio on the Mohawk River 
Deborah Springer from Saraghtoga 
Elizab th Van Deurze Kinderhook 
Thorn 8 Taylor 
Tho s Crison 
John Henry 

-all from New England 



Probably intended for Inf 1 , infant. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 ;I89 

FROM BENJAMIN STODDERT 1 

FROM BENJAMIN STODDERT 

A. L. S. 
Schonectady October tf. 2 d . /7<48> 

SIR 

I received yours of yesterdays date and shall comply with 
your request when the French Gentlemen arrive and shall 
Immediately acq 1 you therewith. 

The Commissioners has not received the orders for Supplying 
us with Provisions w ch . makes me Apprehensive they have Mis- 
carried by some means or other, but have wrote to Cap*. Cather- 
wood concerning it and desired he would have the orders sent up 
<1$ the first opportunity, 

The Officers at Albany are very uneasy and seem to be afraid 
they'll be tricked notwithstanding my telling them his Excellency 
had assured me that the Men & Officers should be paid till they 
were discharged and that the Speaker of the House of Assembly 
w*. the Advice of severall of the Members had given orders for 
a further Supply of Provisions w ch . I was afraid had Miscarried 
but did not doubt but we should soon have another order and in 
the mean time desired they would get Provisions from the Com- 
missioners on their own risque till orders could be had as. I had 
done my self, but they did not seem Inclinable to do any such 
thing saying it was to great a Risque and If orders did not come 
by Tomorrow they seem'd to say as much as they would Dis- 
charge their Men and this morning could not get a Man from 
any of the Companys to mout Guard excepting my Own, but 
just before I came away I sent to the Officers and they Promised 
me would send these Men to the Guard. 

I thought it my Duty to report this Immediately to you and 
am with the greatest Esteem Sir 

Your most Obed 1 Serv* 

B : STODDERT 

P. S. I shall go down to Albany Tomorrow but shall wait the 
return of the Bearer to know if you have any Commands for 
me &c B. S. 

<To COLL. WILLIAM JOHNSON at Mount Johnson> 

1 Letter of September 30, 1 748. See Appendix. 



190 Sfr William Johnson Papers 

FROM BENJAMIN STODDERT 
A. L. S. 

Schonectady October p e . 3 d : 1748 
SIR 

M r Frazier tells me you desired to know how long Provisions 
were order'd to be Issued to us, I yesterday wrote you the 
orders had Miscarried by some means or other, but his Excel- 
lency told me that the Assembly would Possitively set the 12 th . 
Instant, and he should recommend it to them to have us continued 
till he had a Confirmation of a Peace and that he had seen the 
Speaker and Several of the Members & they were for having us 
continued, I likewise heard by several other hands that they had 
heard some of the Members say we would be continued all the 
Winter but what they'll resolve on when they meet I cant deter- 
mine. Cap* Cleland beggs the favor of you to get him Two 
Cubb Skins to make furniture for a Saddle. M r Frazier desires 
nis Complim ts . to you and Am Sir 

Your most Obed* Hble Ser' 

B. STODDERT 

P. S. I shall dispatch an Express to you Immediately on the 
Arrival of the french Gent, tho' I believe his Excell? w d be Glad 
you were in Albany they come up. 

His Excelb is determined to put a Stop to all the Albany 
Letters w ch . he Imagines will be given to the French for to go t< 
Canada 

<To COL WILLIAM JOHNSON at Mount Johnson> 

FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. 

New York, 5* Octob' 1748 

In my letter to you of y e 26 th of last Month I informed yoi 
I had given orders to the Commission 1 " 8 , here to Send a Suppl] 
of Provisions to y e Troops posted in y e Fronteers under youi 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 191 

Comm d . to Subsist them to y e 21 st Ins* w ch . (by y e Answer I 
received from M r Richards one of y e Commission".) I expected 
was fully comply 'd with Especially as it was with advice of 
Council but to my great surprize by a letter I have from Capt n 
Stoddard y l no provisions are gone up, which I conclude was 
designedly neglected by y e Commission", in order to Distriss the 
service & disband y e Troops sooner then I thought it Necessary, 
and with a great deal of assurance declared y* if even they was 
Served with an order from y e Govern 1 " tho in Council they woud 
not obey it, what a low ebb is y e Govern r . & Council of New 
York drove to y l their orders are refused for 3 Weeks provisions 
for a few Men for whey , because these Commission" can make but 
little profitt by it <as> they are Sure there is an End, formerly 
the Govern r . & Council had y e disposal of every Shilling & did 
it all in Council by Warrant without consulting Assembly or any 
body & always was punctually paid, & yet I am apt to believe 
Some in Council is concernd underhand, as being against con- 
tinuing of them any longer when it was proposed in Council, but 
voated for 3 weeks provisions. <I actually > dread y e ill con- 
sequencies of leav[ing troops ^ ] <^naked> & exposed to y e views 
of the French officer on their return to Canada & before 

matters were between the Govern r . of Canada 2 & me 

& I wish it may Some turn in our Indians when they 

find themselves < entirely ]> left open to y e insults of y e French 
without any prospect of assistance from us if attacked by them, 
I am now just agoing into Council & shall see what they say 
to all this, all y* we have done in Council is to writte to y e Com- 
missarys to know if they will provide provisions & sent them y e 
minute of Council upon y e subject & in case nobody will provide 
them with provisions till such time as y e assembly meets to do 
something in it either to reduce them or Continue, I have done 
all in my power & it must fall upon ye Commission" & their 



1 Manuscript torn. 

2 Roland-Michel Barrin, Marquis de La Galissonniere, governor of 
Canada, 1745-49. 



192 Sir William Johnson Papers 

agents Your Officers & people must think is hard as no doubt 
but it is, but I can do no more, but by y e Chief justice I find y* 
he thinks it hard they should be obliged to disband on ace* of 
wanting pay & Provisions, And y* he thought the Commission" 
here ought to have done it, but woud not offer any advice to 
remedy y e evill. 

We are come to a resolution not to give up one Canadian that 
is in possession of y e Indians at present till those y l are in Canada 
both Christians & Indians are deliverd up, but I engage so far 
to y e Govern 1 " as y e Season of y e year is too far advanced now 
to get our [Prisoners?] from Canada at this time but in case he 
will send mine I will all y e Canadians y l are in pos- 

session of the are willing to return as you will see by 

my Speech to y e Indians & for y l purpose I must desire 

<of you^> to Sollicit y e getting these Canadians out of y e hands 
<of y e > Indians to be delivered to you for me, & to maintain 
them <till> such time as they are sent off 

As y e Commandant of this party is a very pretty Gentleman it 
greaves me much to think I cant send any of his people back with 
him as it might be of great service in recommending him to y e 
Govern r . But his letter is so haughty <^&^> indeed rather Inso- 
lent y l I am obliged to Stick on punctoes & for his detaining our 
Christians Prison", from us in time of peace is not right, but if 
he had sent one or two of y e Indians back in y e room of y e five 
of his I sent, something might have been done, but now y e poor 
Gentleman must go back as he came & thank his own Govern 8 , 
indiscretion by putting things on a wrong footting 

M r Irwin comes up by Cap 1 Dow a Saterday in order to inlist 
some Men for M r Shirleys Regim 1 I must beg of you to use 
all your Interests with all y e Capt 8 to gett what Men they can 
for him in case they disband as between you & I his Regm* stands 
or falls by is Good or evil luck. 



Manuscript torn. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 193 

I hope to dispatch these Gentlemen by Tuesday next, I am 
Sir 

Your faithfull friend & Servant 

G CLINTON 

I did design sending some Kings Officer on y e Rank of this 
but make our apolegy for it on acct of y e Season 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Governor Clinton 

letter 8K 5* 1 1748 



FROM JOHN H. LYDIUS 
A. L. S. 

CoLLLL Albany Octo r . 25 1748 

Last nite Arived Pieter Van Alen hoe has brot 14 Hoxeds 
Rum & one Bar ell of Eisters for You Alixander Van Eps has 
taken up with him the Barell of Eisters and 2 Hoxeds of Rum 
N 1 :102, N. 9:107 Gallons the Other I shall put in the seller. 
Pieter Expects to Be rady to Goo Down by Friday. 

I have not Yet all the Acounts of the Charges Encur'd on the 
Flag of Truce otherwise I should have inclosed them to you now 
but shall have them, I hope to Day. Except the Horses the 
French took with them which wee wont have Untill Tursday or 
friday wen Nicolas Comes bak from the Lake; I Dont hear 
of any thing wort your Notice my wife Gines in sarvise we 
Conclude to be 

Your to Command 

JOHN H. LYDIUS 
ADDRESSED: To Coll 11 Wm Johnson 

att Mount Johnson 
Rece d . & forwarded by 
sir y rs . & c 

JChew 



Mn Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y. t 6:490-91, is a letter of Octobei 
1 9th from Lieutenant Desligneris to Governor Clinton in which is mention 
of Johnson. 

7 



194 Sir William Johnson Papers 

TO SAMUEL AND WILLIAM BAKER 
A. Df. S. 

Mount Johnson Octob r . 28 ih . 1748 
GENTLEMEN 

Since my last to you Via Boston I rec d the goods y u . Sent 
me by the Grampus Cap 1 . Long as also those Sent by Cap*. 
Anderson. I hope you have ere now got my letters Safe and 
the Memorandum of goods Inclosed therin. w h . I must desire 
you again to Send me 3$ first opertunity without Insurance As 
the Imediate Sale of them, depends intirely on my getting of 
them early in the Spring. I send you herwith the Certificates of 
four Different Officers, with power of Attorney to receive it for 
them, and when received you are to Credit my Acc tl . w th . the 
amount. I hope there will be no delay in the payment thereof 
as we Expect there is provision made for it ere now. Inclosed 
you have the Invoice of five Hogsh d . of Bevers, Skins &ca. the 
Amount of w h . together with My Certificate & these of the 
Officers, will I Expect Answer for this Cargoe now Sent for. 
pray be very Carefull in the choice of the goods you Send me 
from Hence forward, as the Carrying on a large trade Intirely 
depends upon My haveing good goods & well bought. I am 
gentlemen with great regard 

Your Most Obed'. Humble Serv'. 

W M JOHNSON 
To Mess". 

SAMUEL & W M . BAKER 
Merch ts . in London 

Nev> York Novb'. the 8*- 1748 1 
GENTM N . 

Since my last writing the above have go[ ] a Certificate 
for my pay which amt 8 . to 410 . .8. . [ ] I have made 
payable to you & When received plea[se] to Credit my ace". 

1 This is a draft written on the reverse side of the draft of the letter, 
Johnson to S. and W. Baker, October 28, 1 748. q. v. 



King George's War, 1744-1748 



195 



with it. [The Governors Secretary M Catherivood goes in 
the next Vessel sails to London] Inclosed I send y u . 3 patterns 
of gimps or garterings of which I would have you Send me 1 00 
P 8 ., besides them mentioned in the Memorandum, as they go of 
well here. I have Shipped My furs &ca on board the Antilope 
Capt n . Emery, as y u may See by the Inclosed Bill of Lading and 
hope they may Come to a good Market, as they are good of 
their Kinds. I am Gentm n . 

Y r . Most Humble Servant 

W J: 



LIST OF HUBERT MARSHALL S MEN 

D. S. 

A List of Coll Marshalls men Indepted to M r Richard Arnold 
Marshall the 4 of November when they went on Cap* 
Rosebooms Command to the Mohawks 1 748 

to Be paid att so much a mounth according to Contracts. 



Dept 



Stopedges 



Jacob Tonkin 


6 


11 


8 







10 





John Xaffe 


? 





5 







8 





Samuel Snowden 





n 


8 







5 





William Collman 





15 


4 







5 





Charles Me Swiney. . . . 


1 


11 










6 





James Kelley 


3 


4 


10 







8 





Nickolas Sherlock 





11 


8 







5 





Samuel Richardson 





7 


8 







7 


8 


James Burwell 





15 


4 







5 





Larrance Creeley 











No Days pay 









John Davis 





o 





No Day pay 









David Porter 
















- 


__ 


Corporal Marshall 
D' for a Jackett 
to be paid to \ T n n 
Cap' Rosboom / ' 



?6 


S 

11 


d" 
7 











196 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Eleven Days Pay Due to the following men 



Jacob Tonkin 





8 


3 




John Taffe 





8 


3 




Samuel Snowden 





8 


3 


The above is a true 


William Collman 





8 


3 


Copy of the Notes Left 


Charles Me Swinney. . . . 
James Kelley 






8 
8 


3 
3 


here which I Expect You 
YAH 11 ^tor> from tnp Ivl pn At 


Nickolas Sherlock. . . . 





8 


3 


a^ miirVi PI IVInntli aKovp 


Samuel Richardson 
James Burwell 






8 
8 


3 
1 


mention'd. 


David Porter 





8 


3 


HUBERT MARSHALL 




4 


2 


6 





TO JOHN HENRY LYDIUS 
A. Df. S. 



SIR 



Mount Johnson Xb r . 7 ih . 1748 



I am favoured with both yours by Master Nicholaus, by whom 
I am heartily Sorry to hear of your loss, which I find is pritty 
Considerable, but I am in hopes you may find out the theif yet 
and the Money also. I have the pleasure of a Couple of letters 
from the French Gentlemen were here Who are all well, which 
no doubt they wrote you. One is from Monsieur Desligneris, 
Who writes me there is a freind of his one Monsr. Repentigny, 
Comeing this way, and hopes I will befreind him. As I find the 
gentleman is now at Your house, pray make my Compliments 
acceptable to him & tell him I hope to have y e pleasure of Seeing 
him as Soon as the Weather will permitt & Assure him from me, 
there shall be nothing in my power wanting to Serve him, having 
two Motives for it the first as he is recommended by a gentleman 
Whom I have a great regard for, Monsieur Desligneris & the 
other as he is a gentleman himself. 

I dont doubt but you will endeavour to make Everry thing as 
agreable to him as possible. I am heartily Sorry there is no 
Company there now again I go down without you can make up a 



King Georges War, J 7 44-17 48 197 

Small Sett of our own ; & of the best. I am Sir With kind Com- 
pliments to You, M rs - Lyddius, & ca Sir 

Y r . Most Sincere friend & Humble Servant 

W M . JOHNSON 

I shall do w*. you desire by this Express, pray give the Express 
a charge of the Packquet, there being Severall letters inclosed, 
and when he returns please to take up all my letters Safe from 
him. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Coppy of a letter to Coll . Lyddius 

Decb'. 7 th . 1848 



TO JOHN CATHERWOOD 

A. Df. S. 

M l . Jo[hnson December 30, 1748] 
[DEAR SIR] 

Your favour (By the [Post ] a great deal of 

pleasure and am [ ] glad to hear of the familys 

Welfare. Whom I proposed when at York, to do my self the 
Honour of waiting upon this Winter; but hitherto we have not 
had the least Snow, and now I am busy prepareing all Materials 
to build me a good House next Spring, which must deprive me 
of that Happiness, as I am oblidged to be present to forward the 
Work. So that I hope my Breach of Promise in that respect, 
(being Unavoidable) will be favourably looked upon & Excused, 
by His Excellency [Mama?] &ca. When you acquaint them of 
the Circumstances. As you tell me Poor Tyrrel has at last 
changed his Condition. I heartily wish it may be for the best, 
and doubt not it will, as he had so great an Esteem for the Lady. 
Whom I belive must be verry deserving from the opinion I have 
of Tyrrels Taste. We have not the least news here worth your 
Notice. If Paddy is at York pray give my Service to him and 
please to tell him I should be glad of a few lines from him. the 
young Indian ladies the Albany Ladies here upon hearing he was 



198 Sir William Johnson Papers 

an Irishman, are ever Since quite out of Conceit with my Country- 
men for thy say he is An out of the way Animal Wherfore I 
could wish he would improve a little before he comes again 
among so polite a Sett of Ladies. My Best respects to His 
Excellcy & the rest of the family. I am S r With great Esteem 

Y r . Most Obed*. Humble Serv*. 

W. JOHNSON 

P. S: My Compliments to Capt n . Pevey, Morris, Cleland, 
Colehoon &ca 



TO SAMUEL AND WILLIAM BAKER 
A. Df. S. 
Mount Johnson, X br . 31 st . 1748 

MESS RS SAMUEL & W M BAKER 

Since my last & Cap 1 Bryant, <& Amory> which I hope 
you have rec d Safe, together with the Returns, nothing of any 
moment has Occurred So that this only Serves to desire the favour 
you would Send me these trifles mentioned In the Inclosed, and 
of a good Sort, as they are for a House which I am building for 
my self & that thy may the better know what Sort, & Size I shall 
give you the dimensions of the House, which is 60 foot long, by 
32 Wide two Story High, all Stone. I Should be glad you 
would please to ask a Workman there, how Much lead would be 
Sufficient to Cover Such a House & what it would amount to 
with the freight here & also of Slate for Either of the two I pro- 
pose Covering of it with. I am gentlemen with much Esteem, 
Your Most Obed 1 Humble Servant 

W M . JOHNSON 

To MESS RS SAMUEL & W M . BAKER Merch 18 in London 

1 large Beam for weighing with my name, & the Year upon it 
1 large Strong Screw for packing Bever &ca with a good 
Microscope 




z 2 
g 



O ~ 

I 

o s 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 199 

GEORGE CLINTON TO THE ONEIDA INDIANS 1 

[I748 2 ] 
Brethren of Onieda 

I am informed the. < French have> sent a message to You 
to let you know that they propose soon to come & build a church 
at the Oneida Lake, and that they will send a Number of their 
People to cover the Workmen 

Bretheren 

If you permit the French to do this we shall look upon it that 
you throw the Antient Cov* chain out of your hands, and that 
by suffering the French to build so near to our settlements your 
Intentions are to bring them down upon our Country to destroy 
us and You may depend that if the French offer to build any 
church or Fort at the Oneida Lake we shall think it necessary 
for our own preservation to oppose it by force, and that you will 
see me up there, when I will do my best to push our Enemies 
both French & Indians out of our Neighbourhood. 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 
A. Df. S. 

[I748 2 ] 
May it <please y r > Excell? 

On the receipt of y r Excell? 8 first <letter> I went to the 
Mohawk Castle and Major Glen w th me, where we had All the 
Indians together, and using likewise all the Arguments we possibly 
Could to shew them that y e French were Insignificant People to 
the English upon this Continent and how much it would be their 
Interest to keep their faith Inviolable with us, & that they must 
not listen nor be any way dismayed at any of those false 
Rumours, or Alarms daily spread among us by the French, it 



1 In handwriting of Banyar. 

2 Date conjectural. 



200 Sir William Johnson Papers 

being the only Artifice they have now left to make use of, (as in 
a short time they will be sensible of) being surrounded and 
hemmed in on Everry side by the English, w h . In a short time 
hoped thy would be Eye Witnesses of, they were all verry easy 
& well pleased upon our Assureing them of all this, but most 
of all upon y r Excell? 5 promiseing them Assistance of Men, w h 
thy Most Earnestly entreat may be as soon as possible, they were 
daily carrying away their best things into the woods, Expecting 
their Castle, and all the Mohawk River Daily would be cutt of, 
Untill I beat them out of that Notion, by shewing them that I 
never had moved any of My Effects away, tho of as much value 
as ^haps the whole River and that because I was sensible thy 
<dare not> make any such attempt knowing our Strength, 
<now> farr to Exceed theirs, all this was verry well taken and 
creditted, Untill last night Aaron the Indian Arrived from 
Albany, who brought the news that One Company of the fighters 
I sent out Some time Ago, were Come back, and affirm that there 
is an Army Comeing from Crown Point, Consisting cheifly of 
Indians, w h has now put them all in a verry great Surprise again, 
but I shall endeavour (all in my power) this day to Settle them 
much as possible but I assure y r Excelb the only best way to 
Ease their fears, is to send a good officer and a party of Men to 
Each of the two Castles next for a little time, and that is what 
thy beged I would Imediately acquaint y r Excell? of. I shall 
always esteem it as the Greatest pleasure to have it in my power 
of being any way serviceable to my Country and Assure Y r 
Excelly I have not for this long time past, nor shall not while 
requisite, spare any labour or reasonable Expence to gett the 
Indians heartily into our Interest w h I may almost make bold to 
Assure Y r Excel!? I've now compleated tho with a great deal 
of difficulty. I am wth. the greatest respect Y r Excellcy 3 Much 
Oblidged, & Most Humble Serv 1 . 

W. J. 

<Assur>eing them of <Y r Exc>ellys protection against 
their < Enemy > the French and acquainted them of <the 



King Georges War, 1 744-1 748 201 



great> tenderness and regd. <Y r > Excelly is pleased 
ex>press for their <welfare> & Safety. 1 
INDORSED: <Copy of a letter to Gov r Clinton. > 



FROM PETER FELINCK 2 

A. L. S. 

[Schenectady, 1748] 
WEL ED: HOOG ACHTBARE HEER 

MYN HEER 

Also ik een Stuck Lant in't Albanische regt gekogt hebbe de 
Aelplaets genaemt, En uyt Oorsaek deses genootsaeckt om myn 
Huys en Erff te verkopen synde gelegen naest Jan Coelon. het 
huys is groot 40 voet[en] en heeft 3 heertsted[en] te wet [en] 
2 kamers boven van 24 en 20 voet breet en lang en onder een 
kelder-keuken van 26 voet lang en 24 voet breet en 2 kelders 
een somerkelder en daer onder een winter kelder daer het noyt 
in Vriest; Een Solder van 40 voet lang & 24 voet breet door- 
gaens, met een Vliering solder op welcke 2 solderinge wel eenige 
duysent schepels kan gestoort word [en] . Het Erf of tuyn is lang 

40 
200 ~- a voet en aen de Straet 40 voet breet met een gang 

OLJ 



1 This paragraph is written in the margin of the above draft. 

2 Peter Felinck (Feeling) was a schoolmaster of Schenectady, where 
he was teaching as early as 1725. Howell and Munsell, History of 
the County of Schenectady, N. Y., p. 120. His house was on the north 
side of State street, about midway between Ferry and Church; he was 
married in 1 724 ; and he was the father of Cornells Feeling (see Deposition 
of Cornelig Feeling, October 13, 1756). Sanders, Early History of 
Schenectady, p. 1 60, and Pearson, First Settlers of Schenectady, p. 67. 
On June 1 6, 1 724, the petition of Peter Felinck for naturalization was 
presented to the Assembly, and July 24th a naturalization act was passed 
for the benefit of Felinck and six other men. Journal of the New York 
Assembly, ed. 1 764, p. 504, and Colonial Laws of New York, 2 :240. 
On January 6, 1 768, letters of administration for the estate of Peter 
Felenck, intestate, were granted to William, his son. Collections of the 
New York Historical Society, 1 898, p. 464. 



202 Sir William Johnson Papers 

tussen jan Coelons huys en myn Huys, het Erf achter het huys 
is omtrent 45 voet meer of min, de tuyn is voorsien met appel, 
peren, en morelle bomen, hollantse wyndruyven en van alder- 
hande tuyn Vrucht[en] en Bloemen en een goede put die altyt 
water hout Syn een levende fonteyn met een Stal voor 2 a 3 
koeyen. het huys is getimmert in't jaer 1725. Synde midden 
in't Dorp digt by de Meulen Kill. 

Uyt beweging van bysondere redenen hebbe geoordeelt Uw 
wel Ed. Jit bekent te maecken, of het eenigsints tot uw welEd. 
intrest mochte dienen. Een van myn Swagers heeft my 200 
daer voor geoffereert, en by aldien uw welEd: geneg[en] syt, 
sal uw welEd de preference hebben, mits een weynig meer 
gevende, het huys alleen buyten het Erf heeft my over de 300 
gekost. 

De tuyn so als hy nu in Syn plantasie leyt is 1 00 weert al 
was het tussen breeders en dan soude voor het huys maer 1 00 
hebben so dat by de 200 daerop verliese. Dog ik ben daer 
toe nu genootsaeckt. Uw WelEd. kan het by Occasie ( :als 
daer inclinatie toe heeft:) laeten besien en my Vereeren met 
desselfs resolutie in verwachtinge deses blyve met alle respect 
en Submissie. 

WelEd: Hoogh achtbare Heer 
Myn Heer 

Uw: wel Ed: Onderdanigen getrouwen en 
Verplichten Dienaer 

P: FELINCK 

ADDRESSED: Myn Heer 

Myn Heer Janson 

Consul van syn maj*. van Groot Britt : Collo : 
van de lant militie in de Graefschap van 
Albanie in America etc. etc. 
in Maquas Landt 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 203 

Translation 

RIGHT HONORABLE, HIGHLY ESTEEMED SIR! 

DEAR SIR: 

Having bought a piece of land in the jurisdiction of Albany, 
called the Aelplaets, 1 I am forced to sell my house and lot 
situated next to Jan Coelon. The house is 40 feet long and 
has three fireplaces. There are two rooms upstairs of 24 by 
20 feet, width and length, and below a cellar-kitchen, 26 feet 
in length and 24 feet in width; two cellars, a summer cellar and 
underneath a winter cellar, in which it never freezes. A garret, 
40 feet long and 24 feet wide all through, and a garret-loft; on 
which two garrets some thousands of schepels 2 can be stored. 
The lot or garden is from 240 to 260 feet long and 40 feet wide 
on the street, with an alley between Jan Coelon's house and my 
house. Behind the house the garden is about 45 feet wide, 
more or less. The garden contains apple, pear and sour cherry 
trees, Holland grape vines and all sorts of vegetables and 
flowers, and a good well, which is never dry, being a living 
spring. There is also a stable for two or three cows. The house 
was built in the year 1 725 and is situated in the center of the 
village, close to the mill kill. 

For special reasons I have judged it proper to inform your 
Honor hereof, in case it should be in any way of service to your 
Honor. One of my brothers-in-law has offered me 200 for it 
and if your Honor should be inclined to take it, your Honor 
shall have the preference, provided you give me a little more. 
The house alone has cost me over 300. 

The garden as it is now laid out and planted is worth 100, 
even if it were 3 between brothers; at that rate I should get 
but 1 00 for the house, or lose nearly 200 on it. However, I 
am now forced to it. Your Honor can, when there is an oppor- 
tunity and you feel so inclined, have the premises looked over 
and then favor me with your decision. 

1 Eel Place. 

2 Of grain. 

3 Sold. 



204 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



In expectation thereof I remain with all respect and submission, 
Right Honorable and Highly Esteemed Sir, 

Your Honor's humble, faithful and obliged servant, 

P: FELINCK 

ADDRESSED: Mr Janson 

Consul of His Majesty of Great Britain, 
Colonel of the land militia in the county of 
Albany in America, etc., etc. 
in the Mohawk country 



FROM JOSEPH CHEW 
A. L. S. 

New York Jan'* /" !74[8/]9 
DEAR SIR 

I wrote you a day or two agoe which I hope you will receive 
safe, I am this day setting out for Maryland where I shall stay 
three or four months and intend then for Jamaca Lawrie goes in 
about ten days for Jamaca I should have gone with him but 
have the offer of the disposing of a Cargoe of goods in Maryland 
and by the time they are sold I expect a vessell from Boston 
there which I hope to Load on Lawries a young fellow in Boston 
& my own Acco*. for the west Indies I beg the fav r of you my 
Dear Sir to write me by all oppertunites please to direct for me 
in Maryland to the Care of Cap* Beverly Robinson in York 
the Inclosed is a Coppy of a letter I gave the Gov r . which he 
promised to send Mons r Lacorn and I beg the fav r . of you to 
send this in case one should miscarry; I have also inclosed a 
letter for our friend Stoddert which beg the fav r of you to take 
Care of; Pady is here and as well as ever he goes as far as 
Philadelphia with me, he follows is old trade searching about 
wherever he goes. 

my Dear Coll I hope you are Assured of the sincerest regard 
I have and allways shall have for you as it would give me the 
Utmost Unneasiness if I immagin'd you did not think so it makes 
me mention it often. I must now bid you fare well which (after 



King Georges War, 1 744-1 7 48 205 

paying you the Compliments of the day) I do by wishing from 
my soul all the Happiness your heart can desire or wish for and 
once more Assure you where ever I am I shall always have the 
most Honnourablest Oppinion of you and am with the Greatest 
Respect Dear Sir 

Y r most dutifull affectionate 

Jos: CHEW 

I hope the young Ladys at the 
Castle are well my Compliments 
to little Miss Michael at the Mohaws 
& madam Curl'd locks at Conejesharry 
as I cant well rememb r the french 
officers name have left a Blank w cl * 
please to fill up 
To 
WILL M JOHNSON Esq r 

ADDRESSED: To William Johnson Esq r 
at Mount Johnson 

FROM WILLIAM GOF 

D. S. 

January /, 7748/9 

SIR 

Please to pay to John Visger & Cap*. Aront Stevens the Sum 
of four Pounds Eight an Eight pence new York Currancy for 
the Value Recieved of them in Qubeck this 1 th . Day of January 
1 748/9 an Please it to account of 

Sir your most humble Ser*. 

his 

WILLIAM WGof 1 GOF 

mark 

To Co LL W M . JOHNSON 

at Mounth Johnsons 



1 Name repeated in the manuscript. 



206 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM CHRISTOPHER MACGRAW 

D. S. 

January /, 7748/9 
SIR 

Please to Pay to aront Stevens & John Visger the Sum of 
four Pounds five Shillings New York Currancey for the Value 
Recieved of them in Quebek this 1 th Day of Januwary 1 748/9 
and Please it to account of 

Sir Your Humble Ser vt . . 

his 

CHRISTOPHER X MACGRAW 

marck 

To COLL W M JOHNSON 
at Mounth Johnsons 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 

A. L. S. 
<For/ George, 6 th January 174[8/]9> 

S* 

<I have sent> to Captain <Stoddert a Letter for the> 
Governour of Canada, under <a flying Seal,> which when you 
have perused I desire you will seal up for him to deliver; I have 
<^gave^> him a passport, and orders to follow such Instructions 
as you shall give him, so shall leave it to you not in the least 
doubting that you will do for the best for His Majesty's Service 
and the good of the Province. 

I have rec'd Letters from Cap ts Marshall and Clark with the 
Reports of L ts Holland & Mills, concerning the Ivalids in the 
Detachment at Schenectady, in which the both say that (on their 
being ordered by their respective Captains, to review those men) 
they are all able bodied Veterans & what they should not object 
to was they on that Service. I can not find that L* Butler has 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 207 

sent them a Copy of my Order for neither of them mention any 
thing of the detachment under his Command. 

You said you would send me down some Affidavits relating to 
Collinss malepractice, but as yet I have rec'd none, so that I am 
not yet enabled to give that fellow his just rewards. 

I have rec d from the Mayor &c : & Justice of Albany, a report 
to my order to inquire into the affair of taking the Indian 
Papouses as pawns or pledges, and by the Deposition of Johannes 
Dow, (late Indian Interpreter at Oswego) they seem to blame 
Lieu 1 Lindesay for buying a Girle from a Sachem of the 
Poughwatwicks (by your order) to give to Kenzegos Squaw, in 
the room of her husband killd in the late ^war, 1 and in the same 
Deposition of Dows he says, that a Sachem of that Nation had 
given a boy to L* Lindesay > (which he said was a < Prisoner 
of Annata>wassee). M rs Brat offers to give < security to> 
return her Girl in May next at Oswego to any one I shall appoint, 
M rs Abeel says she has one that her Son bought, but will do 
nothing in it till her Son comes home, he being now abroad. 
M r Vandriesen did not obey their Summons so could not say 
any thing as to him. These are the heads of the Report. But 
you may assure the Indians I shall do every thing in order to find 
out the Matter & to prevent any thing of that kind for the future. 

I would have you give in your Instruction to Cap 1 Stoddert, 
that he should be very pressing that if by any means possible to 
get the two Indian Prisoners released immediatly & sent home to 
their Castles. The Doctor has sent you a Copy of the heads of 
both Mess" Sanders & Stodder<ts> Instructions for your 
perusal, which I leave to you, but the main point will be to gain 
the Liberty of the two Indians. I am S r with sincerity 
Your very humble Servant 

G CLINTON 
To COLL JOHNSON 



Johnson to Clinton, March 15, 1747/8, q. v. 



208 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM DAVID SCHUYLER 

A. L. S. 
Canajoharie January the 9 th . 1748/9 

HONORABLE COLL JOHNSON 

This is to inform you that I have an Indian here which is my 
Great frind of myne & have been this Eight Years with a pees 
of Coper oor Looking which I had give him weather he Could not 
find under the ground Like that and now he has found a brave 
good Coper mine where I will set my Life to pound for that 
it is a good mine and he is alone master of it because he found 
it and he promised me that no body shall buy or git that of him 
then I and them that I take in with me and now I Can tinck 
of no betther frinds or persons than Your honor & M r John 
Lydius if you will be please to Strike in with me and my sun 
Pieter that wee may have part in it with you two than I and 
my Sun Shall go directly and git the Indian from hunting and 
bring him before you two and then M r Lydius his Sun and I 
and my Sun Can go with the Indian and git Right Coper oor 
and bring it before You two, with the proviser that I and my 
Sun must have a bond of performance of ten thousand I 
hope you will Consider with M r John Lydius about it So I 
Remain 

Your most Humble Servent 

DAVID SCHUYLER 

ADDRESSED : To Coll : William Johnson att his house. 



FROM JOSEPH CHEW 
A. L. S. 

Philadelphia /an*. 15, l74[8/]9 
SIR 

I take this opportunity by Capt. Morris of sending this I go for 
maryland tomorrow where believe shall stay five or six months, 
I beg the fav r . of you to write me my Dear sir by all oppertunity 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 209 

and direct to the Care of M r John Nelson Merch* in Philadelphia 
the Prelimanary articles just begin to appear 1 I am Very 
sorry to say I think Very dishonourable. Cape Breton is lost & 
Gibralter in a fair way our Brother sufferers who went to 
England are like to come of Very poorly M r Hamilton a Con- 
siderable Merch* of this place told me he was often in Company 
with Cap* Campbell & the rest of our friends he says a Certain 
Great man thro' whose means we first entered into the service 
told those Gent 1 , when they waited on him, he was surprised 
Gent 1 , of there sence should engage in so mad an Affair & that 
his advise was for them to return to there [ ] get into 

there former way of life as soon as posfsible] (fine Encourage- 
ment for poor fellows that had sold them selves out of house & 
home) there answ r was something to that purpose nothing 
would give me more pleasure then to have the honnour to serve 
his Majisty but believe if ever I get into a good way of life again 
I shall be Very cautious how I quit it I hope my Dear Col. to 
have the pleasure of hearing from you soon and Assure you my 
best wishes do & always shall Attend you my Compliments to 
all friends [ ] I hope you'll accept the same your self, 

and believe me to be with Greatest respect Dear sir 
Your Dutifull Affectionate Hble serv*. 

Jos: CHEW 

ADDRESSED: To William Johnson Esq r 

at Mount Johnson 
To the Care of Col Lydias 
at Albany 

$ fay of 1 
Cap*. Morris f 



1 The peace of Aix-la-Chapelle was proclaimed October 7, 1 748, old 
style. 



210 Srr William Johnson Papers 

FROM SABER DUPLESSY 
A. L. S. 

the 2d of February 1748/9 
M R JOHNSON 
MONSIEUR 

je recois tant de satisfaction de Ihonneur de votre Connoiss- 
ance e de Lamitie que vous mavez temoigne que je ment croirois 
indignfe] si je ni repondois par toute sorte de soins e dempres- 
sement a vous donner des marqu[es] e des assurance de La miene 
Cest pour quois je vous ecris cet Lette pour vous asurer de mes 
respects e vous prie de me Continuer La votre Comme ausy destre 
persuade que Le temps e Le Loignement ne changeront jamais 
La resolution que jay prise destre toute ma vie par reconnoissence 
e par inclination avec un profon respects 

Monsieur Votre tres humble e 

tres obeisent serviteur 
SABER DUPLESSY 

jores ete flate de trouve chose curieuse de se peis qui us pus merite 
Latention de monsieur mes si quelque chose fais plesire a 
monsieur je Le pris de me Le mende sen seremonis vous me flatere 
in liniment a montreal 

Ie2fevrie 1749 

Translation 

SIR 

I receive so much satisfaction from the honor of your acquaint- 
ance and from the friendship which you have shown to me that 
I should believe myself unworthy of it, if I did not respond with 
all care and eagerness to give you evidences and assurances of 
mine. This is why I write you this letter, to assure you of my 
respect and pray you to continue yours to me, as also to be per- 
suaded that time and distance will never change the resolution 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 211 

which I have taken to be all my life, through gratitude and 
inclination, with a profound respect 

Sir Your very humble and 

very obedient servant 
SABER DUPLESSY 

I should have been pleased to find something curious in this 
country which might merit your attention, but if anything gives 
you pleasure, I beg you to send me word without ceremony. You 
. will please me infinitely. 

at Montreal 
the 2d of February, 1 749 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. 

New York 6 Feb*. 1748/9 
SIR 

I have received yours by Coll . Lydius, y e report about Mons r . 
De Repentigny was by M r Barkelys not understanding perfectly 
y e French Priest 

As you expect your people back from Canada you desire to 
know what is to be done in y e case as also about getting the 
French Prisinors from y e Indians, as to y e first the Assembly no 
doubt will answer any demands y l is reasonable Capt Stoddard 
is out for quartiers & ought to be allowed handsomely for his 
trouble, but as to y e Interpreter he seemed to take it as a favour 
and asked it as such to let him go, and at the time it was men- 
tioned in Council about some peoples going & the allowancies 
to be made them it was y e opinion of the Chief justice and all y e 
rest of y e Gentlemen acquainted in those affairs y*. I could find 
people enough at Albany & Connecticut y* would be glad to go 
at their own expence on y e prospect of Trade & would be very 
much obliged to, and some did offer which I did not approve off 



212 Sir William Johnson Papers 

as I knew it woud be disagreeable to you, This I am affraid 
will occasion some trouble with the assembly but will do what I 
can. 

As to the affair of the ffrench Prisinors in the hands of y e 
Indians, it was agreed by Hendrick & those down with him to 
deliver up some to you as soon as they got home. The rest I 
took it for granted you was to get from them in the best manner 
you could I think it was agreed to y those y* had relations to be 
redeemed at Canada was to pay something towards y e redemption 
of the French Prisinors, tho' I dont Imagine it would come up to 
y c whole price but must manage y l as well as you can y l the 
Assembly may make as few objections as possible. 

The Smiths you sent this Fall I shall do all in my power to 
get them paid when y e Assembly meets if they refuse you may 
depend on the promiss I have all along made you y l you dont 
suffer for any ingagem 18 you enter into on account of the Indians 
for His Majes ts . service and y e good of the Province. (But this 
must be only between us) as I am very well satisfied all you have 
done & continue to do, is with no other View, what you have to 
lay before the Assembly desire you will send me down 

I had forgot to mention one thing y l the assembly will take 
hold off, y l those that went to Canada have been provided with 
every thing Necessary from Crown Point to Montriall or Que- 
beck & back again, I dont think y l shoud be any reason for 
stoppiges, but they will especially as they be not their Creatures 
that went, but shall consider more of these things, at present not 
very well able to look into affairs having been a good deal out 
of order for some time past & not able to go down staires yet 

Old Livingston 1 has at last departed this life & not left his 
fellow behind him, unless y e person y* succeeds & c . As you 
desire I inclose you Lidseys Warrant for being Commissary 
& to follow Such orders as he shall receive from me or you as 



Philip Livingston, second proprietor of the Manor of Livingston. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 213 

you may see in reading it & hope he will not make a bad use of 
this our goodness, for its more than he deserves. 

We all joyn in Complim ts . & am with great sincerity Sir 
Your faithfull friend & servant 

G CLINTON 

I have a favour to beg of 
you from M rs Clinton 
She desires you will get some 
of y e Indians to look out for 
some of y e Wild Turkey Eggs 
this Spring & send them down 
packed up so as not to be Cracked 
for her sett under Hens, You will 
greatly oblige her in getting them 
as I believe it will be impossible to 
get them alive. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Governour Clinton's 

Letter 
February 6* 1748/9 

MARQUIS DE LA GALISSONIERE 1 TO GEORGE CLINTON 

Contemporary Copy 

[February, 1748/9] 
SIR 

In Execution of the Orders of the king my Master, I have 
Delivered up to M r Stoddert Your Deputy, All the Inglish 
prisoners retained in my Government that have Been willing to 
go with him, they are in number four & twenty. 

In Regard of the thirteen that have Been willing to Stay in 
this Colony, you may See, Sir, (By the postscripts which I put 
to the List of the prisoners in General, and By the three verbal 
processes w r hich I gave to the Said M r Stoddert) the reason that 
Obliged them to take that resolution I have Given the Said M r 



1 Governor of Canada. 1 745-49. 



214 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Stoddert the facility to Spake to all the prisoners, And he can 
acquaint you with the Satisfaction I Should have had if they had 
Been all willing to follow him and that I have done all laid in 
my power to Engage them to it; there is no mention made in the 
Said list nor in the Said verbal processes of one named Cristopher 
mac Graw, Native of Dublin In Irland, Because he has not Been 
reclaimed and having Made abjuration Since Some time, he has 
not Been wiling to go to New England. It is an action of which 
Mr. Stoddert may Bee acquainted, Being no Body hindered him 
from Seeing and Speaking to the Said Mac graw. 

You have Sir, Orders from the king, your master, Equal to 
mine, there having Been a duplicate of them Sent to me, I am 
perswaded you Should have Been Eager to put them in Execu- 
tion how Ever I am agreed with M r Stoddert that as soon as he 
Shall Be Arived at fort St fredrick, he Shall have the honnour 
to give you an account of it By one or two of the Said prisoners 
whom he Shall Dispatch On purpose that you may Directly 
Send Back All the french & Indian prisoners which may Be in 
your power to M r Lydius's house with Orders to the Oficerr which 
you Shall Charge with their Conduct to give warning to M r 
Stoddert of his arrival and to fix him a day that the prisoners 
may find them Selves together at the End of the great Carying 
place of the Lack St. Sacrement to the end that they may Con- 
clude the liberty of the One and of the Other. 

The Said M r Stoddert and M r Van Schaick Can acquaint 
you of my attention towards them, and that the king has paid the 
Lodging and Dieting of M r Stoddert and that Morover then 
that, all the rest of the prisoners have Been favourably traited. 
I was very much Surprised, Sir, to understand that you have not 
used the Same civility towards M r Beaubassin, 1 The Officers 
Bearers of my orders in Your Government and princepally for 
the Interest of the two nations Ought to Enjoy the Same advan- 
tages which my predecessors and me have always procured to 
your Deputies. 



Hertel de Beaubassin. 



Kins George's War, 1744-1748 215 

I Stay with Impatience for the arrival of M r De Beaubassin 
in Order to hear of the x 

I have the honnour to Be with A great Deal of Esteem and 
Consideration. 

Sir 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Gov r . of Canadas 

Letter to Gov r . Clinton: 



FROM ROBERT SANDERS 
A. L. S. 

Albany March p e 6 th . 1748/9 
Co LL . JOHNSON 
HON D : S R : 

I have now before me Your Esteemed Favour of the 2 d 
Instant, and agreeable thereto I have had Cap 1 : M*Ginn at my 
house who Chose you the goods In the Enclosed Bill of Parcells 
Specified, The w c *\ send ^ his order to Schonectendy & M r : 
Sander Van Eps, who I hope & Charge to take good Gear 
thereof and to forward em to you ^ first oppertunity, or to your 
order to him I wish em Safe to your hands & to Content 

I was Glad that you with all yours were well and Pray The 
Lord it may Long Continue, and as to News we have had None 
for some time, there Being no Body Come Since the Sleeds That 
Carryed the french Gentlemen Down to New York 

We have had two french men Lately Come from Canada 
with a Packet to be forward by Cap* : Shue & a Sherriff to Paris, 
they had no Pass from their Governour, they Both told me that 
they were told That their pass was in one of their packets, and 
that other wise They would not have Come, they further told me 
that they were Come By themselves & that there was no News 
at Canada (only that there was an Arch Deacon or Eveck 
Dead) The Mayor ordered the Sherriff thereon to take them 



Sentence unfinished. 



216 Sir William Johnson Papers 

at his house for 2 days & then to Depart as the Sherriff had a 
Letter of Credit from a Gentlemen at Canada To find em while 
here & to Set em out again on their Return which the Sherriff 
said he would willingly do, But I heard Last Night that they 
are here still, But on what acco*. I Could not Hear only hear a 
Report in Town that one M r fort should have Seen a french man 
& Indian in the woods at Canishgejoone & that it is Supposed 
they went to our Mohacks (But if true or not I Cant Say My 
father and wife Joins me In Love to you I assure you I am with 
Esteem 

Hon'd S r : Your Assured Friend and most 
obliged Humble Servant 

ROB T : SANDERS 
P: S if Co" & my Self had been 
In York I would have offered his Ex"?: 
a good Sum of money for the post in our County 
now Vacant But is now to Late 

ADDRESSED: To The Hon ble : William Johnson Esq r 

at Mount Johnson 



FROM ROBERT SANDERS 
A. Df. 1 

Albany March 6*: 1748/9 
Co 11 : William Johnson Boug 1 : 
of Rob*: Sanders 3$ Cap 1 : M'Ginn 

To 4 p s : Indian Blankets @ 

8 p 8 : Red Gartstring @ 6/ p s : 

8 p 8 : Red D: @ 7/6 p 8 : 

33 Brace Kittles w<: 109/2 tt @ 3/ ^ fl 
16 p 8 : Bindings @ 6/ 



1 Inclosed in Sanders to Johnson, March 6, 1 749, q. v. 



King Georges War, 1744-1748 217 

FROM BENJAMIN STODDERT 

A. L. S. 

Ne> York March y: 7 ih : 1748/9 
SIR 

I Yesterday received yours P the Bearer of this and it gave 
me an Infinite Pleasure to hear you were in good health. 

I think I wrote you by the Slays that brought us down that the 
French Gent : and my self were well received by his Excellency 
but cant as yet inform you how Mons r . Desligneris is like to 
Succeed on his embassy as he has not as yet had an Audience in 
regard to Business His Excellency being much Indisposed ever 
since our arrival tho: is now well recovered; and expect in Two 
or three Days their will be a Council called and after that (as I 
expect to be before the Council) shall ^haps be able to Inform 
You how he is like to Succeed, which you may depend on hearing 
from me by the first Opportunity that offers; tho: expect to be 
up my self in some of the first Sloops, in order to make one trip 
to Oswego and try whether fortune will be more favourable to me 
in trade then she has in the life of a Soldier. 

His Excellency has been so good as to advance a small matter 
of money to me to subsist on till he can have a Council called and 
has Promised then to endeavour to have the whole advanced to 
me ; which if I am disappointed in I am afraid I must be Obliged 

to depend on the D d Assembly for what is due to me and if 

so, shall expect very little for my trouble as you are sensible they 

are such D d S d Is that they would do any thing to 

distress an Honest fellow; tho': as his Excellency seems well 
Pleased with my Conduct &c in Canada, am in hopes he will not 
let me be a Sufferer and has desired me to keep secret what money 
he advances me on that Head. 

There is arrived here with in this few days Three Vessels Two 
from Jamaica and one from Coraso but no news by any of them ; 
Hut Plenty of Lymes and send you by this Bearer one Hundred 
and if he had a Conveniency of carrying them would have sent 



218 Sir William Johnson Papers 

you more as their is a great Plenty, and within this Three Days 
have fell from 1 8 Shillings W Hundred to Eight. 

I Paid your Compliments to french Gent, as you desired, and 
in return they begg that you will accept of theirs they being all 
in good Health and seem much Pleased with New York as they 
have once a Week a Ball and a Consert to Divert them besides 
other Diversions entertainments &c given them by the Gentlemen 
of the Place. 

There is no letters in the Post Office for you but Inclose you 
One from M r . Desligneris the other from M r . Repontinier 

I am with the greatest sincerity and truth, Sir 

Your most Obliged Humble Servant 

B: STODDERT 

P. S: I hope in 14 or Fifteen Days to leave this Place at 
farthest for Albany. My Compliments to all friends Which I 
believe is but very few at Present 

B: S: 
To COL. JOHNSON 



HUBERT MARSHALL TO JOHN M. ROSEBOOM 

A. L. S. 

Albany I7 ih . March 1748/9 
M R . ROSEBOOM 

I am realy very much Surprized that You shou'd Offer to 
Disobey Orders, when every Officer must know the Consequence 
of it, for which reason I now Order that W m . Collman be 
Imediatly sent down, & how You cou'd take upon You to send 
down Richardson in the room of Edm d . Weeks I can't tell when 
You know I sent him in the room of Goldman & I must tell You 
that it is not in Your Power to Exchange Men as You please, 
I hope You will for the future not do any thing like this, for it is 
Lessening me in the Comm d . I have here in the absence of Gov- 
ernor Clinton, Dont take what I write to You Amiss for I am 






King Georges War, 1744-1748 219 

Your friend I Expect every Month a Return of Your Com- 
mand, I hope You will take Care not to let the Men be Absent 
at Nights least as the Spring of the Year is Comming they may 
Desert. I hope You & M rs . Roseboom are well & we beg our 
Services may be Acceptable & beg You will believe me with the 
greatest Truth 

Sir Your most humble Servant 

HUBERT MARSHALL 

P. S. Serjeant McKenny sent 
down on O'bryon to list with me 
& he listed at Schonectedy 
with Major Clarkes Serjeant 
so tell him I dont take it well as he 
Cou'd have done it at Fort Hunter 

ADDRESSED: To Captain Roseboom 

Commander of the Garrison 
Fort William 

In the Mowhawk 
Per Samuel Richardson 



LIST OF HUBERT MARSHALL'S MEN 

A List of Cap*. Mar<shall's> Men now Under the Comm d 
of Lieu* Roseboom at the Mowhawks 



Serg 1 Alex r M c Kenny 

John Evans Drumer 



John Tingue Tho s . Miller 

Nath 1 . English John Goff 

John Backus James Guttery 

Edmund Weeks Garrett Arkson 

Rich d . Abbott Christian Spelcher 

Alex r Grant John Wolf Bartlett 



220 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM CADWALLADER GOLDEN 1 
A. L. S. 

<New York March 30 ih 1749> 
<S*> 

My son John will deliver this into <y>our hands who goes 
now to Albany to take possessi<o>n of his office of Clerk. As 
he is young and has no acquaint<a>nce in the place I trust to 
your Friendship in giving advice on any emergency that may 
happen The present circumstances of affairs makes me think it 
improper to recommend him to any other of my acquaintances at 
this time. & for that reason you'l excuse I hope my giving you 
this trouble. I expect his Excellency will write to you on the 
affair on which M r DeLignerie is here Unless he change his 
tone I do not expect it will come to any issue at this time You 
will do me much pleasure by putting it in my power to shew in 
any manner how much I am Sr 

Your most humble servant 

CADWALLADER GOLDEN 



INVOICE FROM SAMUEL AND WILLIAM BAKER 
D. S. 

London 26 April 1749 

Invoice of Merchandize Consigned M r . John Watts in 
New York by the Ship Antelope, Cap 1 . John Amory 



1 Cadwallader Golden was born in Scotland in 1 688 and died on Long 
Island in 1 776. He was a physician and scientific man and was the first 
surveyor general of the province. He was president of the council anc 
lieutenant governor, performing the duties of governor at different periods. 
These functions he exercised at the time of the stamp act riots, during 
which he was personally threatened by a mob, and his property burned. 
Among his publications was a History of the Five Nations Depending 01 
the Province of New York, New York, 1727; republished under tl 
title of History of the Five Nations of Canada. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 



221 



on Account & Risque of M r . William Johnson Merchant 
in Albany, under ther Marginal Mark and Numbers 



159 A Cask Containing & Cost. 

1 m. !/2 Inch Batten Brads 

2 m. 1 Inch D 

at 10d 

1 m. 1|/2 Inch D .. 
1 m. 2 Inch D .. 

40 m. 3 d . Lath Nails 1/6.. 
5 m. 20 d . Flooring Brad 6/ 



1 60 A Cask Containing & Cost . 
40m. 6 d . Nails 2/7}^.... 

161 A Cask Containing & Cost. 
15 m. 12 d . Nails 5/2.... 

1 62 A Cask Containing & Cost . 

1 Doz. Thumb Latches. . 
8 Beaufet Locks 1/9 
8 Rim'd Closet Locks 
8 Iron rim'd Locks with 

Brass Knobs & Box 
Staples Compleat 5/. 

2 large Stock Locks 

with 

Bars Screws & 
Staples 7/ 

18 Extra bright Bolts on 
Plates with Screws 1 O d 

1 Doz D 

15 Extra Shutter Bolts & 

Nails 1/9 

18 Short D ,.6 d .. 



- 2 



- 1 8 

- 1 4 

- 1 10 
3 - - 

1 10 -417 9 



- 1 8 
55-568 



- 1 8 
3 17 6 3 19 2 



- 3 
- 7 
-14 
-15 



2 -- 



-14 - 



-15 
-15 

1 6 
- 9 



222 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



1 Doz. strong Spring Bolts 

and Nails - 6 - 

1 Doz. Extra Side Hinges] 

with smooth filed Joints ! A - 7 - 

& Nails 
1 Doz. Do. with Screws & 

Nails B -11 - 

1 Doz. D C - 14 - 

6 pr large Extra HL Hinges 

with smooth filed 1 10 - 

Joints, Screws & Nails 
18 pr. Do. with rising Joints, 1 

Screws & Nails. 3/6. ) 

1 Doz. Sash Lines - 8 - 

6 Doz. Sash Pulleys..!/. - 6 - 
12 pounds best Glew. .5 d . . - 5 - 
1 Large Brass Knocker ... 81517- 

[16] 3 A Bundle made with Can- 
vas & Cord Containing 

& Cost 9 

1 pr. Large double hand- 
screws 44-449 

[164-5] 2 Chests Containing & 

Cost - 5 - 

500 Squares of Crown | 

m 11 u o t IAG. \ I-? lo ^ ID I :> 
dlass 11 by 9 q*. 345 J 

feet 1H 

[166] A Box Containing & Cost. - - 9 
40 pounds of Dry white 

Lead 3<J -10 - 

6 Large Brushes - 3 - - 1 3 V 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 223 

167 A Case Containing & Cost -36 
a Large Beam with the 
Hooks for D. of the best 
make 

Compleated 

a Pocket Microscope with 

7 Magnifiers 2 2 - 6 5 [6] 

57 5 [ ] 

To Fees of Entry & Cocket - 4 - 
To Cartage to Waterside, 

Charges there, & Water- 17- 

age on board 

To Primage & Bills of 

Lading - 5 1 1 16 [ ] 

59 1 [ ] 
To Commission 2J/2 & 

Cent. 1 9 [ ] 



60 1 1 [ ] 
Errors Excepted 

SAM L & WM BAKER 



FROM JONATHAN STEVENS 
A L S 

[Map 1749 '] 
CORNEL JOHNSON: 
SIR 

This is to acquaint you that we Meet Kensago with Seven 
prisoners an three Schulps an was there verey Long a Shore an 
said that there was aboundance of Enimy upon Corse that it was 
unposible to geet through an brought out a prisoner an a Schulp 



1 Date conjectural. 






224 Sir William Johnson Papers 

an made his speach to them this day you have the Luck to kill 
Emmy without danger an gave them to them as they thornd Bad 
in Spite of me one an all no more at present but will Leet you 
no further. 

Remain your Ser : 

JON. STEVENS 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. 7., 6:502, is a letter of April 14th 
from Lieutenant Desligneris to Governor Clinton in which Johnson's work 
in exchange of prisoners is mentioned; p. 505-6, a letter of April 28th 
from Johnson to Clinton, concerning exchange of prisoners and efforts of 
the French to gain control of the Five Nations. 



FROM BEVERLY ROBINSON * 

A. L. S. 

Nev> York, May 9* <1749> 
DEAR S R 

I rec d your favour y e 28 th last Month & am much Obliged to 
you for it, Have since Rec d a Letter from Chew with one j 
Enclosed for Stoddert, which I make bold to Recommend to ! 



1 He was a son of the Hon. John Robinson, of Virginia, who was 
president of that colony on the retirement of Governor Gooch. He emi- 
grated to New York, and married Susanna, daughter of Frederick Phillips, 
who owned an immense landed estate on the Hudson river. By this 
connection Mr Robinson became rich. When the Revolutionary contro- 
versy commenced, he was living upon that portion of the Phillips estate 
which had been given to his wife, and there he desired to remain in the 
quiet enjoyment of country life, and in the management of his large 
domain. . . . He was opposed to the measures of the ministry, gave 
up the use of imported merchandise, and clothed himself and his family 
in fabrics of domestic manufacture. But he was also opposed to the 
separation of the colonies from the mother country. Still he wished to 
take no part in the conflict of arms. The importunity of friends overruled 
his own judgment, and he entered the military service of the Crown. His 
standing entitled him to high rank. Of the Loyal American Regiment, 




STAIRCASE OF FORT JOHNSON 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 225 

your Care, & Desire you will be so good as to Convey it to him 
by y e first Opportunity ; Bryant is arrived & we hear has brought 
a proclimation of peace which is to be proclamed very soon; we 
no othe publick news, but will Detain you a little longer with 
some of <this> Town. Sunday the 23 th April as y e < Grey- 
hound was> Cruising about fort George (which he Const <antly 
did) he]> Espyed a Sail in the Dusk of y e Evening <^ which 
he> immediately gave Chase to & Continued <it all night. > 
The next Morning he came up with her <^Just as she^> Entered 
the Borders of New England, <Vhere he Boarded> her sowrd 
in hand; we hear since that <a Gent who was> his Consort is 
sued by y e gov r in an Action <^of 30000^> Damages, for 
taking that prize, <She is no less then> y e Lucy Gaily belong- 
ing to George Clinton 

I am < 
<BEV: ROBINSON> 

If Stoddert is not gone to Oswego pray remember me to him. 

<To Coll William Johnson, at Albany, P r favour of M r 
Cornelis Scuyler> 



raised principally in New York, by himself, he was accordingly commis- 
sioned the colonel. He also commanded the corps called the Guides and 
Pioneers. Of the former, or the Loyal Americans, his son Beverly was 
lieutenant-colonel, and Thomas Barclay, major. Besides his active duty 
in the field, Colonel Robinson was employed to conduct several matters 
of consequence; and he figures conspicuously in cases of defection from 
the Whig cause. . . . Colonel Robinson, at the peace, with a part 
of his family, went to England. His name appears as a member of the 
first Council of New Brunswick, but he never took his seat at the board. 
His wife is included in the confiscation act of New York, and the whole 
estate derived from her father passed from the family. The value of her 
interest may be estimated from the fact that the British government 
granted her husband the sum of 17,000 sterling, which, though equal 
to eighty thousand dollars, was considered only a partial compensation. 
After going to England, Colonel Robinson lived in retirement. He was 
unhappy; and did not conceal the sufferings which preyed upon his spirits. 
He resided at Thornbury, near Bath, and there closed his days, in 1 792, 
aged seventy. Lorenzo Sabine, Biographical Sketches of Loyalists of 
The American Revolution, 2:221-23. 
8 






226 Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM JOHANNES VANDERHEYDEN 
A. L. S. 

Alb*. May y. 13* 1749 
COLL"-. 
HON D . S*. 

My Last to you was y e : 8 th . Ins*, now In addit n : to 
th l : we have y e : Pleas [ur]e To acq*: you tha<: peace was to 
be procl d : at New y k . yisterday y e . 12 th : and this Day arriv d . 
here Peter Van Alen and Unloaded his vessell, 24 Bails Besides 
Boxes Truncks &ca : is Stored in your House, a Sight pleas* : to 
your well wishers & friends In my Last I Signafi d : th* : I had 
y c . finest parcell of wampen Ever I had before, w h . I Shall Save 
for you, accos. to my promise, at your Command only I here- 
unto ad with all Imaginable Respect begging to be Excused, 
pray Except of my willingness till an opportunity of Requital 
offers, I [must?] lie under the wei*. of your Fav rs - That you may 
plainly Receive th l : I am & Remain your assured friend 

And most Humb 1 : Serv 1 : 

JOH S : VANDERHEYDEN 

ADDRESSED: To Coll 1 . WilK Johnson Esq r : 

att Mount Johnson 



FROM AND TO GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:506-7, is a letter of May 19th 
from George Clinton to Johnson, on efforts necessary to defeat French 
influence with the Six Nations; p. 512-13, a letter of the 26th from 
Johnson to Clinton, dealing with difficulties in the way of obtaining the 
release of Mohawks in the hands of the French. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 227 

TO GEORGE CLINTON 
A. Df. 

[May, 1749 1 ] 
SIR 

In my last I shewed [the?] Necessity of haveing a good 
Ingenious, Smart [Man at Oswe]go with a good Cargoe of 
such Necessarrys as [ ] time have occasion for, as I am 

fully senseble of th[e benejfitt it would be to the Country in 
generall, I cannot help reminding you of it again. And it would 
moreover save a great deal of Expense [ ] trouble by Send- 
ing down the Indians whenever Wanted only writeing the person 
there a letter, & he could send for a Sachem of Each Nation 
who live near about all, and tell them to go down. W h . required 
no More trouble. And then being always there, could in a great 
measure stop, or hinder the [French?] from sending their Emis- 
saries among all Nations [ ]s as they daily do to 
our great prejudice this [ ] great Consequence, 
hope it may be well considered [ ] 1 of Senecas at 
my house, who tell me that [ N]iagara &ca have 
Invited Severall of the Upper [ ] Meet there, and 
that Some are gone there to hear [wha]t he has to Say. Now 
if there was a good Man at Oswego he could stop their going 
there, or to Canada, & could also Send Severall of the Ottawawas 
& other foreign Indians down here to join us. There is no Man 
in the Country, so fitt for it, as Capt n . Stephens if he would under- 
take it and Could be spared, the next to him is Liu*. Fisher who 
really has a great deal more to say among the Indians than I ever 
Imagined, if y r . Excellc? comes up soon as is Expected here, I 
would be Glad to Recive y r . Instructions Conscerning the Indians 
comeing down, for they Expect a Call this Summer from you or 
Yours I hereinclosed send Y r . Excellcy. the Ace", of w*. pro- 
visions I supplied Capt n . Shafers Men w*. last Summer by y r . 



1 This letter appears to have been written about the middle of May, 
1749. 



228 Sir William Johnson Papers 

directions. & hope it may be [ ] ed now. [As] there 

is 3 Months pay due to my Officers & [ ]th Day of 

June, & as they are all upon hard Service [ ] eive 
their pay, w h . I hope Y r . Excelled will send. 

INDORSED: [ 1 r Clinton 



FROM CADWALLADER GOLDEN 

A. L. S. 
Fort George New York <May 27 ih 1749> 

S / 

The bearer of this M r Kalm, is a Sweedish Gent'n a Professor 

in the Academy of Sciences there & is now travilling in order to 
make discoveries in Botany & Astronomy For this purpose he 
is on his way to Canada with a design to return in the Fall The 
purpose for which he travels, the advancement of usefull knowl- 
edge will be a strong motive to you to give him any assistance he 
wants & he wants no other but that of advice in what manner to 
travel to Canada most conveniently & with the least Danger 
whether by Oswego or Croun point He comes strongly recom- 
mended to me by the King of Sweeden's Physicean & other 
friends in Europe & therefore what civility you shew him will 
lay an obligation on me. 1 

We every day expect Waddel with news by him that will be 
agreable to you I have yours in answer to that I wrote by my 
son & I thank you for the civilities you have shewn him I am 
S' 

Your most humble servant 

CADWALLADER GOLDEN 
To COLL JOHNSON 



1 See The Annals of Albany, by Joel Munsell, 1 :43-63; and Kalms 
Travels Into North America, in John Pinkerton's Forages and Travels, 
v. 3. 




From Cadwallader Golden to Johnson, May 27, 1749 



Period of Peace. 1749-1755 229 

TO CAPT. ROSS 

A. Df. S. 

May <30* 1749.> 
CAPT N . Ross 
SIR 

I give you Joy of the receipt of your goods, which I understand 
you received. I would have wrote you before, but Everry Day 
this fortnight past, expected a letter from you but now at last am 
oblidged to write, on ace 11 of Capt n . Griffiths Sailing. I send 
down 2 Hogsheads of firrs &ca. In order for you to Shipp them 
on board of Griffith, or the first that Sails for London, with whom 
please to Send the Inclosed Packquet to Mess". Baker, In 
London. There are 40 Bear Skins which I would have packed 
in one Bundle or reel, & Must be marked on the outside W I 
N. 80 & Sent along with the 2 Hogsheads. You must gett 
Bills of lading Signed, & Send me one. pray let me know when 
the next Vessel Sails for London, who is y e Master & what the 
Vessels name, as I have not had the papers this good while, I 
am quite att a loss to know those things, I wish you would Send 
me the Papers Constantly by everry opertunity, [only enclosing 
them in a p s . of blank paper directed to me. I should always 
gett them. 1 ] I beg you will ask M r . Barclay 2 whether he has 
no books of mine, if he has Send them up & them that Phill 
Livingston, & Doctor Shuckburgh has of Mine please <to let 
me know what]> quantity of Strouds you have gott, w l Sorts 
<^& the lowest price. I may ^haps get you a Chap for 'em 
please]> to buy for me 1 hundred of <Good loaf Sugar, let one 
half> be double refined, the other Single. <I wish you> 
would Send me up Some limes, or lemons < everry 14 days> 
Safely packed up. pray let me know how much Bever &ca is 
left yet unsold, let me also know the lowest price of Rum, & 
whether it is like to be lower. As I understand there are a parcel 



1 Erased in original. 

2 Rev. Henry Barclay, then rector of Trinity Church, New York. 



230 Sir William Johnson Papers 

of Negroes Expected Soon into York, If they are reasonable, 
I would have you buy me one, or two likely boys ab* 14 or 16 
years of age. and in such Case Send them up as Soon as you Can, 
also a good Cliver lad of a white man, if any Such to be had 
there I should be glad you would buy one for me, if such Comes ; 
let me know if it is worth while, to Send down more Leather, 
Bever laps, middleing Racoons &ca. Such as will not answer 
to England being too small altho as good firr as any Can be for 
Hatters. I am w th kind Love to you, M rs Ross & the Children 
Y r Assured friend, & hearty Welwisher 

W M . JOHNSON 



P S: pray. Send me up a good Matross, to lye upon by the 
first opertunity & the arm Chair if made. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Coppy of a letter to Capt n Ross May 

30*. 1749 



FROM JOHN B. VAN EPS 

A. L. S. 

Osipego 4 June 1749 
DEAR SR: 

I Send your Honer 3 Packs of Bever Mark'd B VE Nomb r 
6- 7 -& 8 w'. 20711 & 2 Bear Skins 2 P r M r Eysack Wen- 
pell which I hope will Come Safe to Your hands and are verry 
Good w h : I hope will Cred* me for if any bato Setts out Soon 
after this Pray Send me Some wanpon & a fue p s of Gimpts In 
a Trunck or bag for I have sold all my Small Goods a Moost 
I Goat 8 pack Since my wyf went away have also Sent y e tongs 
by B r : Elyas post & y e fatt by Moth r . Hansocas for y e Haids 
I have tryd y e provision batoos but would not Carry thim So I 
Conclude with Cind Love and Respectt and Remain 

Your Honers Most Humble S r . 

JN B V EPS 







TABLET IN THE HALL, FORT JOHNSON 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 



231 



Sr Please to pay y e bearor Wemp the Sume of twalf Shill: 
for bring: Down thies packs and Chiarge it to Account of S r 
Your Most Humble S r 
JN B V EPS 

ADDRESSED : To The Honerable Coll : Johnson 

att Mount Johnson 
Pr. M r . Wenp 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 

L. S. 

New York, 7* Jane 1749 
S* 

I have the favour of yours of 26 th of last month & am well 
pleased with the accounts you give me of your Conduct with 
the Indians. You may assure the Mohawks that the reason of 
my not sending back the French prisoners which you have in 
your hands is in order to secure the return of their people who 
are prisoners in Canada, & that these people shall not have their 
Liberty on any conditions but that of the Liberty of the Indians 
who are prisoners in Canada. That all these messages from the 
Gov r of Canada are only an Artifice to draw them to Canada, in 
order to make mean & shamefull submissions to him there, & in 
order to prevent any of their people making such a shamefull step, 
so disgracefull to their Nation you must endeavour to persuade 
them to deliver the remaining prisoners into your hands that they 
may be kept safe 'till the Liberty of the Indians be secured. And 
for this purpose if you have any apprehension, that the French 
now at your house, cannot be safely kept there you are to send 
them to Albany to the sheriff, there to be kept in Goal, till such 
time, as he shall receive my Orders for their Liberty. If you think 
it may be attended with any inconveniency to keep the French in 
Prison at Albany then you may send them down to New York 
'here I shall take care to have them secured 



232 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Inclosed is an order to the Sheriff to receive the prisoners from 
you, & to keep them in safe Custody. 

But as the Indians are frequently very humersome, & there 
must be some regard had to it, you are allowed to take some 
Latitude as to the Execution of these Orders, by delaying the full 
execution of them, till you inform me of any inconveniency which 
you may apprehend may attend the strict observance of them. 
I have rec'd no orders from Court relating to the Liberty of 
Prisoners, & I delay sending to Canada for their Liberty in 
expectation of receiving such, and am, Sr 

Your very humble Servant 

G: CLINTON 

ADDRESSED: On his Majesty's Service 
To Coll William Johnson 

at Mount Johnson 
to the care of Coll Lydius 
3$ favour of Cap* Winne 



GEORGE CLINTON TO THOMAS WILLIAMS 

D. S. 

June 8, 7749 

By his Excellency the Honble George Clinton 

Captain General & Governour in Chief of the 

Province of New York &c. &c. &c. 

You are to receive so many of the French Prisoners now in the 

hands of Coll William Johnson as he shall send to you & to keep 

them in safe Custody in the Goal of your County, till such time 

as you shall receive further Orders from me & for so doing this 

shall be your sufficient Warrant Given at Fort George in New 

York this eighth day of June 1 749 

G. CLINTON. 
To 

THOMAS WILLIAMS Esq r 

High Sheriff of the 

City & County of Albany 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 233 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 



In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:520, is a letter of June 25th from 
Johnson to George Clinton, showing his success in preventing Mohawks 
from going to Canada to exchange prisoners. 



FROM JOHN SERGEANT 1 
A. L. S. 

Stockbridge July 1. 1749 

SIR 

I take the freedom to send you inclosed with this a Proposal 
of mine made some years ago for the more effectual promoting 
of Knowledge and Virtue among the Indians. By reading what 
I send you will understand the general Design : which I hope will 
gain your approbation. 

I have the Satisfaction to inform you, that the projection has 
met with so much encouragement from several worthy Persons, 
both in this Country, but especially in England, that I have 
erected a House for the design proposed, and have got it in such 
forwardness, that a School according to the projected plan is now 
kept in it. By the extraordinary Liberality of a Single Gentle- 
man in England (M r Hollis, 2 of whose former benefactions to us 
you will find mention made in the Pamphlet inclosed with this,) 
we have 12 Boys maintain'd, and instructed wholly at his cost. 
This Gentleman confines his Chanty to Heathen Children only. 

This Proposal has been recommended to and honoured by 
Several great Persons in England. Their Royal Highnesses the 
Prince of Wales, and the Duke of Cumberland have both 
favoured it, and contributed towards it. 

Yesterday I had the Honour of a Letter from the Rev d D r 
Ayscough, one of the Prince of Wales's Chaplins, who writes 
with the greatest goodness with relation to the Design, and not 



1 Missionary to the Indians at Stockbridge, Mass. Died July 27, 1 749. 

2 Thomas Hollis. 



234 Sir William Johnson Papers 

without intimations, that such a Proposal may come under the 
Royal Encouragement & Patronage. For he thinks in point of 
Policy only, setting aside the consideration of Religion such a 
projection is worthy the publick notice and encouragement and 
truely I cant but be of his mind. For while our French neigh- 
bours are taking the utmost pains to make the Indians Papists 
and by that means to attach them to their Interest, certainly it 
must be an oversight in us to be wholly negligent in endeavouring 
to proselyte them to our Religion, & fasten them to our Interest. 

I have all along proposed in my own mind, if possible, to have 
some Mohawk Children in this School, to be educated in the 
manner proposed, and perhaps to bestow on some of them a 
liberal Education; as there is provision made for that purpose by 
the Society in Scotland for promoting Christian Knowledge. 

Sir I suppose you are as much acquainted with the Mohawks 
as any man in these parts, and have as much Influence among 
them as any. Now the principal Design of my giving you this 
trouble is to bespeak your favour & good Influence in endeavour- 
ing to get some of their Children for this purpose; I mean, if you 
approve the Design, as I do not doubt but you will. The Gentle- 
man that now has the care & Instruction of M r Hollis' Boys is 
M r Martin Kellogg (with whom I suppose you have some 
acquaintance.) He is known to the Mohawks, and is not 
altogether a Stranger to their Language: and is every way well 
qualified for his business. I have had thoughts with him of mak- 
ing a visit to the Mohawks, with the view here mentioned, if you 
think it worth while. I beg the favour of a Letter from you upon 
this head, as soon as may be. 

Before this reaches you, 'tis probable you will hear that the 
Indians have killed a man and taken a Lad prisoner, at No 4. 1 
The Lad was son to Capt. Phinehas Stephens. I am, Sir, 

Your very humble Servant 

JOHN SERGEANT 

ADDRESSED: For Coll . Johnson. 



1 Charlestown, N. H. Four was the number of the township. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 235 

FROM JOHN ACKERMAN AND PAUL COMBES 1 

Oswego July y 7 1749* 
HONORED SL 

We have sent you 2 Packs of Bever by Cornelus Deline No 2 
81 H N 3 80 B We have Sume Packs of Skins but Cold have 
No oppertunity to Send them but Shall Send by the Next opper- 
tunity & there is no Newes at present so no more but al give 
Our Humbele Respeckt to your Honou r 

JN ACKERMAN 
PAUL COMBES 
There is 2 Bare Skins 
Belonging to Peter Canine 

ADDRESSED: To Coll: Wm Johnson 
at Mount Johnson 



FROM BENJAMIN STODDERT 
A. L. S. 

Osnego July p e . 16 ih : 1749 
DEAR SIR 

I am surprised never to have been favoured with a Line from 
you since I arrived here not withstanding such frequent Oppor- 
tunities; You was so good as to promise to send me some Bread 
3$ first Opportunity w ch . I assure you I am now much in want 
of as I have not a Pound of that I brought up left, but hope 'ere 
this comes to Your hand that you have sent it and also the other 
things I wrote to you for w ch . I am also much in want of. 



1 A. L. S. of Ackerman, L. S. of Combes. 

2 In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:515, 517, are two mentions of 
Johnson as custodian of French prisoners delivered up by. Indians, the 
first in a letter of July 7th from Clinton to the Duke of Bedford, the 
second, in a letter of the 7th from Clinton to the Lords of Trade. 



236 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Trade here seems to go but Slowly on and their is such a great 
Quantity of Goods that I believe many of the Traders will be 
Obliged to live by the Loss and not the Profit of their Summers 
Works, and also believe that a great many Goods will be Stored 
here for another Year &c. 

I have since I came here wrote to Canada and expect in about 
Ten Days from this Date at furthest Two Canoes Consigned me, 
w ch . I have some assurances of their coming by some Canoes that 
came in from thence this morning, so that I expect they will take 
a great part of my goods of w ch . I shant be sorry for as I can buy 
goods here Strouds especially full as Cheap as I can below 
against my Other Chaps comes tho' shant venture to buy any till 
after the arrivall of these Canoes w ch . I expect [ ] 

shall then know the Quantity of Goods I shall Want 

We have no news here but what you'll hear from Capt. 
Stevens & Van Eps to whom referr You and am with the sincerest 
Esteem Dear Sir 

Your most Humble Serv*. 

B: STODDERT 

P: S: You cant Imagine how I vex the Traders sometimes 
in telling them I am certain that the Trade of this Place will in 
a Short time be let to a Company and that it will be much to the 
advantage of the Country to do so w ch : they cant, bear to hear 
and even go to such lengths as almost Threatens Rebellion; and 
I really think if it were let to a Company that they would find 
their account in it and think as their then will be only a Sett of 
Men here who will go hand in hand together that it will be a 
great Means of brings, a great N. of the Indians into our 
Interest; for I am certain that if some such Scheme does not go 
on that the Trade of this Place will be soon ruined, for their is 
such a Number of Traders here and such Vile Steps taken to 
undermine each other in his trade that it consequently cant hold 
Long; and the little low means used in the Trade to hurt each 



Period of Peace. 1749-1755 237 

other must give even the Savages a Damn'd mean Opinion of us; 
especially our Honesty &c 

B: S: 
ADDRESSED: To Col. William Johnson 

In his absence To M r : Robert Adams 

at Mount Johnson 
<P favour of 
Capt. Stevens. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Capt n Stoddards letter 

July 1749 



FROM PIETER D. SCHUYLER 
A. L. S. 

[Cannagoharie, /u/p /6, 1749} 
COL WlLLEM JONSON 

Hefndrick 1 ] Indians Desire Mee To let You 

[know] the nuws is here in the Castile with Bond of Wanpene 
Out of Kanneda that the frense Governur Call all the Indions 
to Cannade and that the Sud see Wath mind the Cannagohares 



1 Hendrick, or Tiyanoga, a Mohegan in blood, a Mohawk by adoption, 
is believed to have been born at Westfield, Mass., between 1680 and 
1690. His abilities and character procured him extensive influence in 
the affairs of the Six Nations, and his attachment to the English was of 
increasing value to the colony of New York. His most notable effort 
in council was his speech at the Albany congress of 1 754, in which he 
reproached the English for neglect of their Indian allies and failure to 
guard their territory against encroachment from Canada. In the council 
of war preceding the battle of Lake George, September 8, 1 755, Hendrick 
advised the despatching of a stronger force in the morning against Baron 
Dieskau than was detached for that movement. He fell in the first 
engagement of the day. Hendrick's house was at Indian Castle, in the 
town of Danube, Herkimer county. Consult William L. Stone, King 
Hendrick, in Proceedings of the Second Annual Meeting of the New 
York State Historical Association, and Nathaniel S. Benton, A History 
of Herkimer County, p. 20-24. 



238 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Indens had, and if the Wold not Deliver the Prisners up that 
hee Would take the Soort up to run them of and soo the keept 
all the fithers at home from going to the flathads soo the thinke 
it is not Pace yet, soo they say that the Coll o1 must take Care 
of his Castal for You are Mastere over them and [ ] 

say if the see Nikes 2 then the think [ ] is Pace, no More 

Sir Your Most Obideend and Humble Servent 

PlETER D. SCHUYLER 
ADDRESSED: To Coll Willim Jonson 
Att Munt Jonson 



TO SIR PETER WARREN 
A. Df. S. 

Ner York July [22* ?} 24*. 1749 
D R UNCLE 

I am honoured with yours of the 28 th of February last, which 
gave me a most Sensible pleasure being acquainted thereby of 
Y r Welfare, and all friends there, I am In the same Scituation, 
in regard to my Service & Disbursements for the province, as in 
my last. I have been as Cautious in my Conduct with the dis- 
contented as I possibly Could; they are realy the Majority in 
our Assembly, & I believe are so in all Assemblys upon the Con- 
tinent, and naturally averse as I find to any thing their gover- 
nours do. I haveing acted by Gov r Clintons orders may be in a 
great measure the occasion of their Delay of payment. I have 
now been [8] 12 Days in town, the Assembly Sitting, in order 
to Sollicitte My Demands; the Chief Justice I have [not 3 ] Seen 
[as yet, tho I constantly frequent the Coffee House he uses 
Morning dr Night] once Since I come to town, but Could not 
find him Inclined to do me any Service, or even take much notice 
of me, w h Surprises me much as I never disobliged him, or any 



1 Johnson. 

2 Senecas ? 

8 Words in italics and within brackets are erased in manuscript. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 239 

of the family. I am sorry to say he is the Primum Mobile of 
the Opposition. 1 Yet as you tell me you were so good to write 
to him Conscerning my affairs & in the present Exegency, I should 
be glad to entreat his Interest, if I had the least reason to belive 
he was inclined, but I hope Sir You will excuse me when I say 
I cannot Submitt intirely, I haveing sett out in whatever I have 
done for the Publick on my own ^sonall Interest, Independant 
of the Governour, & him too which I can say with out boasting, 
I have obtained by my fair dealing with the German Settlers &ca 
up the Mohawks River, who are grown Considerable, & will in 
time possibly be y e . majority in the County of Albany, besides 
my Scituation among the Indians, & integrity to them, made those 
poor Savages Seek to me, so that I have a Superior Interest with 
them, which Sort of Interest is the most advantagious to this 
Province, and to all the Neighbouring, & requires their Cheifest 
Policy to Cultivate, and Mantain. It is that Interest with y c . 
Indians that makes, our Neighbours the French an over match 
as we have woefully known this War. The Wolfe never Values 
how many the Sheep are, and it is a very unequal war between 
us & them; let dog eat dog & Ind n fight with Ind n . for the tame 
People of America, notwithstanding all their vaunts are not a 
Match, the French know it, by dire Experience the war before 
this; but now (by their own Policy and Management & mis- 
conduct of those who some time before the War, had the Care) 
they have turned the Indians upon Us. We hear Mons'r Jean 
Care, 2 a Capt n . in the French Navy, is to be Gov r . Genr 11 . of 
Canada & the present gov r . there is to be at Louisborough. If 
you Should Continue to think it agreeable, I Should be glad y u . 
resided here, for y r . Countenance would be of great Import to 
me. 



1 Chief Justice James DeLancey was the head of the opposition to 
Governor Clinton. 

2 Marquis de La Jonquiere succeeded the Count de La Galissonniere 
as governor of Canada in 1 749. 



240 Sir William Johnson Papers 

The difference between his ExcelK. & Chief Justice 1 is yet 
wider. I am rejoiced to hear that you have repurchased that 
part of Warrenstown from Rowley, and hope y u . will meet all 
freinds well on your Arrivall in Ireland. The Settlements on 
the Frontiers go on but Slowly. We have our own fears of the 
French & Indians Yet, they haveing Committed hostilities to the 
westward on the borders of New England, Since the peace was 
proclaimed, 2 I am apt to think that the new Settlers of Nova 
Scotia will meet with Interruption from the Indians. As to Your 
own Settlements near me, the Mohawks will defend that [& me] 
I am not afraid of. 

The Stone horse performs pritty well. I have Some large 
Colts by him, but they will not do for y e . Saddle. I promised to 
let Mr Oliver DeLancy have him as Soon as I return, he haveing 
a great desire for him. 

I am Sorry to hear there is no prospect of any thing being done 
for me at home, having all along flattered my Self that my hearty 
endeavours for his Majesties Service when represented by my 
freinds, would have been taken Some Notice of, but as there is 
no further Expectation of it I shall observe Y r . advice as most 
wholesome by following my own business which I shall make the 
Cheif object of my Attention. 

I have a letigious Neighbour whose land Joins that of mine, 
w\ you have the Deed of, he and I are now beginning a law 
Suit ab*. the bounds of S* d . lands, wherefore Shall have occasion 
for Said Deeds, w h . Should be glad Sir, You would please to 
Send me ^ first opertunity, to prevent his haveing any advantage 
of me. I Am busy to build me a good Strong Dwelling House 
in the Mohawks by my Mills, all of Stone. I have purchased 
one of the best Houses in Albany last Winter, and another in 
Schenectady, also a very good, low land Clear Farm adjoining 
to the one I live on. I thank God my Estate begins to increase 
So that again the time I may have the Happiness of Seeing you, 



1 James DeLancey. 

2 At Aix-la-Chapelle October 7, 1748, at New York May 12, 1749. 




DINING ROOM OF FORT JOHNSON 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 241 

& D r . Aunt here I hope to be able to receive, and entertain you 
tollerably well. I fear I tire y r . Patience, so beg leave to Con- 
clude with my best respects to y u . & D r . Aunt, Love to D r . little 
Cousins. D r . Uncle Y r Ever Dutifull most Sincere & Affection- 
ate Nephew. 

W M JOHNSON 

TO GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:520-21, is a letter of July 28th 
from George Clinton to the Lords of Trade in which Johnson's success 
in preventing a separate peace between the Indians and the French is 
mentioned; p. 525-26, a letter of August 19th from Johnson to Clinton 
on the same subject. 

MARQUIS DE LA JONQUIERE " TO BEAUBASSIN 
Contemporary Copy 

<Aug. 22 1749> 
THE MARQUIS DE LA JONQUIERE 

Chevalier of y e Royel Order & Militare of <S l Louies> 
Comador of the Naval Armement; Governour & ye Kings 
Lieu<[te nt ^> Generell of all New France Lands and Con- 
teries of Missasipie 

It is Ordered that M ns Beaubassin, 2 Insine of the Infantary; 
Doth Conduct The Named David Abel, Engelis Presoner as 
fare as Sarigtoge; and if hee Jugeth that < According to 
surcumstances it Nesisarie that he Goeth as fare as Albany; att 
which place he is to Continnue 3 Untill he shall be sinsebell of y e 
Determination of the Governour Genirell of New England were 



1 Pierre-Jacques de Taffanel, Marquis de La Jonquiere, governor of 
Canada, 1749-52. 

2 Hertel de Beaubassin. See Johnson's letter of September 1st to 
Clinton and La Jonquiere's of August 22d to Clinton, Doc. Rel. to Col 
Hist. N. y. f 6:526-27. 

3 September 8th Governor Clinton communicated to the Council " a 
Letter from Collo Johnson of the 1st Instant, acquainting his Excellency 
that on the 31st Ulto Mr Beaubassin with three French attendants and 
David Abeel arrived at Albany, and that he sent Mr Beaubassin and his 
three attendants back, so soon as they refreshed themselves." Council 
Minutes, 21:361. 



242 Sir William Johnson Papers 

he is to take on him the Charge of Our french Presoners to Bring 
them bak into the Colinie & in Case the sending of our said 
Presoners is not Ordered, it is Ordered to the said Mon r 
DeBoubassin to Bring bak the said Abel at the End of the Term 
which wee have Gevin him. Bagging the Governour & Com- 
mending Engelish Officers to Admit the said Mis r Baubassin, 
and to Give him help and Assistence, 
Don att Quebec y e 22 th of August 1 749 

Sined LAIONQUIERE. 
Par Monseigneur Sant Sauveure Secretarie 



FROM CHARLES LEWIS REILY 
A. L. S. 

Coshen in Orange County August p e . 24 th : 1749 
DoMINE 

Adducar ut credam te interesse doctos, hac causa hoc more 
Scribo, nuncio tuo misso Carolo Clinton Armigero decorabar, 
Responsoque, notum facio atque tibi affirmo ut gratia amicitiae 
egregiae subsistitur inter nostros Parentes, atque respectus teneo 
ulli ducenti originem a Patre tuo Domino Christophero Johnston 
habitante prope Dunshaghlin, ut magnopere gauderem si capax 

essem benefacere aut utilem esse tibi qua in re; Interim 

Domine me dolet, ut, etsi, cupidus sim honorem familiaritatis 
tenendi tecum, tamen res nunc sic collocantur ut me non Sinunt 
uti ceremoniis assuetis bonorum morum Visendi sola gratia visi- 
tationis, Nihilominus maxime voluptati mihi semper erit de valetu- 
dine tua audire, ob praedictas causas, quanto (ut Solitus es) 
Decori atque honori esse Patriae nostrae, & pro Viribus con- 
gratulor 

Eruditio juvenum nunc tempus consumit meum, Loco nomine 
Goshen, a quo licet mihi destituere termino Singulae quartae 
partis anni, adeo foederis articuli sunt, Octo Septimanae ab hoc 
tempore terminabunt postrema pacta hoc in loco, enim pactionem 

1 Faded. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 243 

feci hiscum antequam ex te audivi Domino Clinton, aut ullo 
altero Sin aliter cum fama tua me meas venit ad aures, optato 
potireris visendo (His ita promissis) Si tibi conveniret, ut viserem 
te termino Septem aut octo Septimanarum, Significes Sententias 
mihi epistolis quam cite & convenienter ut poteris, & attendam 
tibi maxima cum Voluptate & alacritate ; mittas Jussa mihi litteras 
dirigendo aut Domino Johanni Golden habitanti Albaniae aut 
Fratri Allexandri Colden Duci habitanti Newburgh hoc in ruri 
uterlibet eorum industrie litteras tuas promo vebunt; tanto quanto 
epistolas tuas acciperem citius gauderem, ex qua causa agam, 
eoque res Sic disponam ut Jussu adsim tibi illico, quousque maneo 
humilem Servum, aeque ac amantem compatriotam 

CHARLES LEWIS REILY 
P.S. 

Soror tua nupta fuit meo condiscipulo Gulielmo Fitzsymons 
filio Petri Fitzsymons Mercatoris Athboy, Frater meus erat pro- 
nubo fratri tuo; Pater, Frater tuus atque Sorores valebant cum 
Vela Dedi ventis. 

Salus meo nomine detur Roberto Adams, Jacobo Rogers Petro 
Crotty & Erwin, omnibusque alteris hibernicis in illo loco. N. B. 
Pactionem alteram haud faciam, donee consilia tua meas per- 
venient ad aures, EfBagitoque, ut quam Cito poteris mihi nota 
sint. Gratias Deo, Varias artes excolere possum tales aedifica- 
tiones omnium generum vehiculorum, et Lucro & Voluptati, ad 
hoc multa altera quibuscum Solitudine memet recreo ; tune deinde 
Siquando fatigatus essem, canendo variis musicis intrumentis, 
nunc tibiis Utricularibus nunc fistula germanica, tune Sambuca, 
turn Cithara Minore aliis cum quo * recre- 

ativa mihi Sunt animum remitto. 

P. S. I shall greatly rejoice to be honoured by a letter from 
y u , if y u think convenient So to doe y u may direct to me as affors d , 
or to y e Care of the Honourable Cadwallader Colden at Col- 
dengham in y e Highlands or any other proper way y u . think, 
The Sooner y u acquaint me of y r Desire the better for I couldn't 



1 Word covered by seal. 



244 Sir William Johnson Papers 

understand y r intentions by Mr Clinton or by James M c Cloghery, 
If y u think Convenient when I goe up I'll Carry Some tools with 
me to make y u : a Four wheeld Chair or any Other pleasure 
carriage y u please; Banaght Lath gu. veke, meh, hu, 1 

I Send this Letter to Captain Ross to forward to y u . 
Goshen August y e . 24 th : 1749 

I'll also if y 
please bring with me 
all my musical instru- 
ments Fiddle German 
flute Hautboy & Bagpipes 
ADDRESSED : To 

Collonel 

William Johnston 
at his house 
at y e : Mohawk Castle 

Translation 

SIR 

I should be led to believe that men of learning interest you. 
On this account I write in this manner. I was honored by your 
message sent to Charles Clinton Esquire ; and, in response, inform 
and assure you that the pleasure of a rare friendship exists 
between our parents, and I have a regard for anyone who is 
descended from your father, Mr Christopher Johnson, who lives 
near Dunshaghlin ; that I should greatly rejoice if I were capable 
of serving or being useful to you in any way. 

Meanwhile, sir, I regret that, though I crave the honor of 
familiar acquaintance with you, still circumstances are such that 
they do not permit me to follow the accustomed usage of good 
manners of coming to see you for the sole purpose of visiting. 
Nevertheless, it will always be especially pleasant to me to hear 
of your health, for the reasons mentioned, and how (as you are 
wont to do) you adorn and honor our country, and I congratulate 
2 you on your abilities. 



1 Gaelic for: A blessing to you until I see you. 

2 Faded. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 



245 



The teaching of youth now consumes my time, at a place 
named Goshen, which I have the privilege of leaving at the end ( 
of a quarter; so the articles of agreement provide. Eight weeks 
from this time will end the contract in this place, for I made my 
agreement with these people before I heard from you, Mr Clinton 
or anyone else. But if, however, since your fame has come to 
my ears, you would enjoy the desired visit (as it is promised), if 
it would suit you that I should visit you at the end of seven or 
eight weeks, signify your wishes to me by letter as quickly as you 
conveniently can, and I shall attend you with the greatest pleasure 
and promptness. Send your commands to me, addressing your 
letter either to Mr John Golden, residing at Albany, or his 
brother, Alexander Golden, a leading resident of Newburgh in 
this region either one of them will readily forward your letter. 
The sooner I received your letter the more delighted I should be, 
and on that ground I shall act, so disposing matters as to be with 
you at once on your direction. Till that time I remain 

Your humble Servant 
and affectionate compatriot 
CHARLES LEWIS REILY 

P. S. Your sister was married to my school fellow, William 
Fitzsymons, a merchant at Athboy. My brother was best man 
to your brother. Your father, brother and sisters were well when 
I sailed. 

Give my respects to Robert Adams, James Rogers, Peter 
Grotty & Erwin and all other Irishmen in that place. 
N. B. 

I shall not make a new agreement until your opinion reaches 
me; and I beg that it be made known to me as soon as may be. 
Thank Heaven! I am able to practise various arts, such as the 
construction of all kinds of carriages, both for gain and pleasure ; 
in addition, many other things with which I amuse myself in 
solitude ; then again, if at any time fatigued, with playing various 
musical instruments, now the bagpipes, now the German flute, 
then the hautboy, then the violin with other things when, as I 
engage in recreation, I relax my mind. 



246 Sir William Johnson Papers 

% 

A RETURN OF MILITIA 

Return of First Battalion, Albany County Militia 
[August 1749?] 

Return of the first Betellion 
Jan Winne Lu*. 
17 Private Men 



John [glen?] of the Troop Lu': 
33 Men 



Sam 1 . Pruyn Ensign 
26 Private Men 



Hen d : Roseboom Lu ! : 
49 



Jeremia Hogeboom Cap 1 
52 private D. 

John Van Hoesen Lu*: 
24 Private D. 



Andris Witbeeck Lu l : 
51 Private D. 



Jacob Halenbeeck Lu*. 
26 



Hen d . Hoghtelingh Lu f : 
26 



Ab: Van Arenam Cap's 
Hen d : Lansing Lu*: 
Joh s : Lansing Lu l : 
22 Privet D. 



Dirck Van Der Hey den Lu: 
13 privet 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 247 

TO GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y. t 6:525-26, is a letter (see above 
p. 241) from Johnson, at Albany, to George Clinton, acquainting him 
with his success in keeping the Indians away from Quebec and a priest 
out of the Indian country; p. 526-27, a letter of September 1st from 
Johnson, at Albany, to Clinton, concerning a party of Frenchmen that has 
arrived in this city. 

FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
L. S. 1 

Fort George Sept 7 th 1749 
S* 

Yours of 19 th August I received & another of the 1 st Instant 
3$ M r Abeel, both which I should have answered sooner, but 
on being out on a party upon the water, was detained by contrary 
Winds till last tuesday evening. I am glad the Indians were 
in my opinion, as to sending but a part of the Prisoners in order 
to secure the release of all our Prisoners as well Indians as 
Christians in Canada. I would have you make a proper use of 
the Copy of the Gov r of Canada's Letter to me, and assure them 
they will have all their Bretheren set at Liberty now, that are 
in his Government, one of them being dead; and that entirely 
Jirough my Interest, & the concern I have for them and shall 
allways have. 

I approve much of the Conference you had with the Oneidas, 
at the seperate meeting with them, as also of preventing the Priest 
settling near them, and of your sending back Beaubassin with 
his attendants. I think you judged very right as to that part 
of M r Saunders's Instructions, it was in my mind to have wrote 
to you to have done just as you have, but I forgot that part, & am 
very glad you did it; Your reasons for not sending any Indian 
with the Party merit much my approbation. As to the French 
Letter from the Engineer at Niagara. I shall lay it before the 
Council to morrow, and at the same time shall be very particular 



Postscript by Clinton. 



248 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to explode Collins's Brother in Law's baseness in refusing to give 
M r Saunders a sight of the Articles of Peace, though it was in 
order to get his fellow Creatures out of Captivity, and have their 
Opinion it I can do any thing to him, for so unheard of piece of 
Barbarity, and will communicate the Result of it from the Coun- 
cil to you 3$ first oppertunity. The Doctor sent you up a Receipt 
for 200 ^ Vandler, you will see by the enclosed Paragraph 
the Grub street Wit of your Albany Gentry. I am S r 
your assured Friend and very humble Servant 

G CLINTON 
To COLL JOHNSON 

Some of y e Members has been at Peters Since 
down here to tell him he is a Fool for sending so much Provision 
to Oswego for they will allow for no more t * 25 Men, but 

as I think I am ye best judge if they dont allow him for y e whole 
it shall cost the Province Dear for my Speaking half a Word I 
can gett the Companys removed where they will be more accept- 
able & it will cost them a fine Sum to hire Soldiers to Garrison 
Oswego &c which they must do then, & thank themselves for ye 
heavy expence it will bring upon ye Province, All friends expres 
their Compliments & hope you are well Adieu 

G. C. 

FROM CADWALLADER GOLDEN 
A. L. S. 

Coldengham Sept' 8 th * 1749 
S* 

As M r Reily 8 designs to wait on you I could not let such an 
oppertunity slip without making my complements to you & desir- 



1 Manuscript torn. 

2 In Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:524-25, is a letter of September 
24th from George Clinton to the Lords of Trade and p. 537-38, a letter 
of the 23d from John Lindesay to George Clinton, in which Johnson is 
mentioned. 

3 See Reily to Johnson, August 24, 1749. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 249 

ing the favour of knowing at his return of your health & pros- 
perity, And more particularly how your Embassy to Canada has 
succeeded, Whether you have engaged persons to your own 
liking to go I hope your Ennemies will be disapointed by the 
success that affair will have If it succeed according to my wish 
their mouths must for ever after be stopt if any thing can stop 
such wide mouths I hear of no kind of News I am with very 
great esteem & regard S r 

Your obedient humble Servant 

CADWALLADER GOLDEN 
ADDRESSED: To Coll William Johnson 
at his Seat in the 

County of Albany 



FROM JAMES J. ROSS 
L. S. 

New York Sep< 25* 1749 
S* 

I Rec d Your letter dated of this Instant & y e letters Inclos'd 
which I delivered to the Gentleman I have sent you by Cap 1 
Donbreek 9 Gallons of Linceed oyl at 1 1 s & 6 d p r Gallon like- 
wise Your Pictor, fiddlebow; & Arm Chair which Cost 8 s O d 
I have likewise sent you by the old woman 300 Ct Limes M r 
Scotts Vessell sails for England in a few days the old woman 
is here & the Children is all well & desires that their Dutys may 
be Excepted by you there is no strange news worth mentioning 
to you so Conclude S r 

Y r Friend & Humble Serv 1 

JAMES J Ross 
PS 
Sr 

I wish you a Great deal of joy of y r purchase from Jos 
Clement & am Glad you've Got Rid on so bad a Neighbour & 
hope You'll take a little pains to drive all of his sort out of that 
place and Plant Christians in their places, Pray send me an 



250 Sir William Johnson Papers 

account of whole Bottles you Rec d because I agreed to pay the 
man for them as you Rec d them whole there therefore desire 
you to send me word by the first oppertunity 

This Minute I Rec d Your Letters by M r . Miller I've been 
with M rs Scott & she will Give the Germans three Years to pay 
their Monny You being security for them & she will send the 
Bonds to be Signed by You by the Next sloop 

As P r y e Leather 'tis not sold Yett, only a small matter att 
4 s /4 d as P r the Beaver itt was allmost sold before You whent 
up, only a Little & that is Bad they sell itt in town att 7 s -3 d & 
76 itt being very scarce if you send any down send about 30 
or 40 B in a pack & itt will sell much better P r large packe dont 
sell so well 

S r Your frend and Humbl Servant 

JAMES J Ross 
I shall not forgett my 
Cosin that Indon treador and 
Will Shew him his ambition 

ADDRESSED: To Coll 11 W m Johnson 

of Mount Johnson Albany County 



FROM SAMUEL AND WILLIAM BAKER * 
^ Cap 1 . Knox 

London 12. Octo r . 1749 
Copy. 

COL. WILLIAM JOHNSON: 
SIR: 

We have before us your Letter of 24 July last. We have 
landed your Peltry out of the Dover, Cap*. Waddell. we have 
sold the Beavor at 4/ ^ H as we find from your advices more is 
likely to be soon Expected & therefore we did not choose to wait. 



1 Copy inclosed in S. and W. Baker to Johnson, January 22, 1 749/50, 
q. V. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 251 

Your Bills & Certificate notwithstanding your Governors Assur- 
ances are in the same neglected situation as at first, nay less taken 
notice of than at that time. We have been very frequent in our 
applications but to no purpose. Its strange your Governor who 
has so much Interest here does not Exert it to the saving his own 
credit, we have already advised you that we paid M r . Gather- 
wood's order for the money you mention. We have at length 
got your Blankets finished & with the other thing you wrote for, 
we shall send them by the return of the Dover Cap 1 . Waddell. 
Inclosed you have three Ace*. Sales, Viz 1 , of 5 hh ds . & 1 Bundle 
of Skins & Furrs Rec d . by the Antelope, Cap 1 . Amory, Netting 
367. 1 1 . 3., of 2 hhds & 1 Bundle of Skins & Furs rec d . by the 
Samuel & Judith, Cap 1 . Griffiths, Netting l 70. 16. . and of 2 
hhds. of Furs rec d . by the Neptune, Cap*. Knox netting 156. 
16. 2. in which three Sums you are Credited. 

We are, 

<SAM & WM. BAKER> 



FROM ANTHONY VAN SCHAICK 
A. L. S. 

Quebec Oct 14* 1749 
May It Your honnour 
SIR 

I Do my self the honnour with this Occasion to present you 
with these [few?] lines I Did Not think to trouble your honnour 
with my Letter But the Criticcality of this affair Obliges me to it, 
our Indians who are prisoners here knowing that your honnour 
has sent cloathing for them and Being But very Indifferently clad 
they ask of me to give them the Blankets which you have sent 
for them I must think They Stand in great need of them, but 
Still I Cannot give them without the Orders from your honnor, 
therefore I Beseech the Sir to write to me with the first Opper- 
tunity (which I think Shall Be with the frenchman that is gone 
to Boston) Concerning this affair, there is in Mountreyal three 
or four nations of our Indians But the General Sent up word with 



252 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Bobasin that they Should Spare the trouble to come Down 
Because of the Incommodity of the weather But that he would 
have them to come Down in the Spring and I think they will 
come Down at that time and it may Be th him he 

will Give up the Indian prisoners to them therefore let the 
Exchange Be made as Soon as possible. All our people that Is 
here is capable to march as well in winter as in Summer. But 
Be sure of the Exchange Before the french prisoners go up out 
of our contry, the Governour told me that Repentier had told him 
that the Assembly of new york would not Reimburse the money 
which your honnour had paid for the prisoners which where 
among Our Indians and therefore you would not let the prisoners 
go But M r perthui was present And he told the Governour M r 
Johnson is a notable Gentleman and he has wrote me a letter 
wherein he marks that he has all the french prisoners redy to 
Send But he waits only to make an Exchange there and Some 
more words which are not worth mentioning at last the Governour 
said that when his Enterpriter Should Come Back that he would 
make an end of it. I think that If M r prethui had Been with 
M r Sanders the affair would not have Been [overset?] as he told 
me Several times Since and was very Sorrow for it, I Beseech 
your honnour to Let my cosin David Abeel come along If there 
comes another flag of truce, So after my humble Duties to your 
honnour I Remain your very humble and very Obedient Servant 

ANTHONY 2 V: SCHAICK 



FROM JOHN H. LYDIUS 

A. L. S. 

Sonday 12 aClok Odor 29 lh 1749 
COLL LL JOHNSON 

Yours of Jesterday I Receved Just now as I observed to You 
of Cap*. Winnie he is Gon and their Remaned Wilhalmus Van 
Antwerp Jesteray I Offered Him 20/ to Delay untill this 



1 Manuscript torn. 

* Manuscript torn. Name supplied. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 253 

time as I Expected to Hear from Your self Concerning Your 
Going Down But as He Chose not to Tary it is so much saved 
We have now sloop before the City and I hear from Nown 
Except Hogin of Going Down again, and he is but Lately Gon 
Down; but as they Cume up I shall One After the Other 
Indaver to Perswad them to Make Another Trip and Wen one 
shall Take Care to Advis You of it in Due Time. 

Major Clark wass hear Jesterday Very umpatient to Know 
the Acounts of y e Men that Came from swegen in order to 
settel with them he Expected You had sent them Down 

I have Hear the French boy that Lived att Kingekoss He 
Wass Lost in the Woods some time A Goo and is now hear 
he wass out of his had wen he first Came but is Now Quite 
Recovered I shall Keep him hear for Goo and All if you 
Aprove of it or send Him were You shall Direct 

I seen M r sender Just Now and acquainted him watt You 
Rit. it shall be Ready by the Time ther will be a sloop: the 
members are Not Gon Down thay Expect sirculer Letters before 
thay Intend to Goo 

We Had Jesterday a Report Via Kinderhok that a Ves- 
sel wass arived from England but to Day Contradicted 

My Compliments too the Gentelmen with you and Accept 
the same from my Wife & self I Remain Yours to Command 

JOHN H: LYDIUS 

ADDRESSED: To Coll. 11 . Will m . Johnson 
att Mount Johnson 



FROM GERMAINS VITRY 
A. L. S. 

[October 29, I749 1 ] 
MONSIEUE ET CHERRE PERRE 

Permettez que je me fasse Ihonneue de vous Ecrire Cett ligne, 
pour vous assuree de mes tres humble Respect Et en meme terns 
pour vous Remerciee Generalement de toutes les Bontee que vous 



1 Date supplied from Johnson Calendar. 



254 Sir William Johnson Papers 

avez Eut pour mes fille Ce que je ne Scayce journellement de 
penssee a votre Bontee de meme quangelique quy ne puis vous 
Oubliee duns Seul moment ainsie que Catiche qui vous Embrasse 
Et votre petite angelique lesquels toutes deux Ce Recommande 
a toutes vos Bontee A laquels ils Esperre Pareillement que moy 
Monsieue quy vous Embrasse Pareillement que Catrine Et 
Catiche vous obligeree Monsieue Et Perre 

Votre Serviteue 

GERMAINS VITRY 
ADDRESSED: A Monsieue 

Monsieu Jeanson 
Orange 

Translation 

SlR AND DEAR FATHER: 

Permit me to do myself the honor of writing you this line, to 
assure you of my very humble respect and at the same time to 
thank you generally for all your kindness to my daughters. 
The fact is I never cease to think of your kindness as does 
Angelique, who cannot forget you for a single moment, as also 
Catiche, who greets you, together with your little Angelique. 
Both of them commend themselves to your kindness which they 
hope for, as well as I, sir, who greet you, the same as Catrine 
and Catiche. Thereby you will oblige, Sir and Father. 

Your servant 

r~ GERMAINS VITRY 

ADDRESSED: To 

Mr Johnson 
Albany 

FROM LE CHEVALIER DE ST LEGER 
A. L. S. 

City [Hall New York] 
S*. 

So many goodness's you have Show'd, and do every-day to 
the French that come in your Country, obliges me to take the 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 255 

Liberty to Send you these lines; I will not pretend to give you 
an acco*. of my affair it is too tedious ; I don't doubt but you have 
Seen it in the News Paper where I had a just and true Idea of 
it printed. You might have Seen that it is very hard for a Cap 1 , 
of the King of France, and a Person of Condition to fin[d] him- 
self in the hard Situation he is at Pres [ent] I should be Infinitly 
obliged to you to [ ] it to his Excellency Governor 

Clinton; Perhap[s ] might do Something for me, 

by Speaking to [ ] that keeps me here, in 

expectation of that [ ] 

I am with Due respect Sir 

Your [ ] 

LECHE[ ] 



FROM ANTHONY VAN SCHAICK 1 
A. L. S. 

[1749?] 

May it please Your Honour 
SIR 

Having had the Honour to Confer with his Excellency Le 
marquis De La jonquaire and obtained the permission of this 
occasion I give my self the Honour to present your honour with 
these few lines in Order to renew your honour the Situation I am 
In. I know your honour is not Ignorant of the Situation of a 
prisoner of war therefore I Desire your Honour to use the utmost 
of your endavours to procure me my Liberty with all these poor 
prisoners that are here with me for we are incapable to render any 
Service to our Selves or to our Contry Since we are in this Contry 
if we were of any Service here to our king or Contry with Suffer- 
ing we would not Begrudg it But we lose our precious time in 
vain and have nither the Satisfaction of our Selves nor nothing 
else therefore we think we do more Service home then we do here 



1 Captain Anthony Van Schaick was released June 27, 1750, Doc. 
Rd. to Col. Hist. N. Y. t 10:214. 



256 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



Therefore I Desire your honour to be pleased to procure us our 
Redemption if possible God knows if I can render any Service 
to my king or contry I will Be always ready the Indian are gone 
amongst the tienondedies about 3 Leagues from this town where 
they Shall Stay till the French prsoners come Back from our 
Contry I shall allways remain 

Your honours very humble and very Obedient Servant 

ANTHONY VAN SCHAICK 



am very honorablely trailed at present, his Excell has 
Been pleased^> To put me in pension <jn the town provided 
that^> I gave my word of honour not to < Leave the> town 
without his Excellencies permission. I have the honour to know 
a French Gentleman here who is named M r Perthuis who ren- 
ders a great Deal of Service to the English prisoners and has 
Done Since he has had the care of them During this war. 
May It Please your honour I Am With All Respect 
Your very humble and very Obedient Servant 

ANTHONY VAN SCHAICK 

ADDRESSED: <To the Honourable Coll William Johnson, att 
fort Johnson these with care to Charge Lindsay with 
1 1-odd for Ab m Lansing promised to pay him next 
October> 



FROM AND TO GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:533-34, is a letter of November 
22d from Governor Clinton to the Duke of Bedford in which Johnson's 
claim, " upwards of 5000," against the government is stated. Of the 
same date is Johnson's letter to Clinton, written in New York, considering 
the right policy with Indians and his need of an Indian fund. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 257 

FROM JOHN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

EX BROTHER DMin Januar * !3 ' h I749 VW 

I Expected long ere now to have the pleasure of a letter from 
you I saw a letter from silvester Farrall giveing an account that 
he has arrived with you and the great Expectation he is in of 
mending his tottered fortune by your means, he is gon off from 
this Country to the prejudics of a great many with whom he has 
run greatly indebted peticularly with our father who has suffered 
by him alredy above one hundred pounds besides that when he 
took to be factor for Ald n . Thomas Cook who hath great Com- 
mishons from English merchants here to sell Corn flower and 
Malt and wanting a factor to manage them affairs for him 
Silvester Farrall sollisted for that Employment of which he was 
very Capable, the Ald n . gave him the Employment upon condis- 
sion he gave him sufficien security by Bond and unfortunately 
my father was over persuaded to become one of his security 
accordingly my father & Jo n . Farrall his father since dead one 
Cavanaugh a Malster and Jo n . Fitsgerrald his own brother in 
law with silvester became bound to the Alderman by obligation 
in a larg sum of money to the Aider 11 , wth condission there under 
written of the said Silvesters faithfull and honest beheaviour in 
that Employment being oblidged to receive most of the money 
and ace 1 , for the same with the Ald n . not only greatly in debt 
with the Ald n . but likewise with several otfhers] to their great 
prejudice at last broke and went off and we understand he is gone 
to you Alder 11 . Cook sense his going off hath furnished an Ace*, 
of what Silvester was indebted to him by which it appears Sil- 
vester owed him modestly fivety six pounds and the Ald n . is now 
sueing my father for that intire sum by which means my father 
is likely to suffer near 200 by him this is the fearest acct I 
can give you of Silvester therefore we should be glad he was put 
in a way of doeing for himself in expectation he might be enabled 
to clear of the debts he owes so would advise you to beware how 

you let him have the handling of your money it is reported here 
9 



258 Sir William Johnson Papers 

he took a good deal of money with him but it is most certain 
he left his wife in a very good Condission again I must advise 
you to beware of him yet we should be glad you Could help 
him without prejudice to your selfe on the Expectation above 
mentioned. 

S r Peter Warren has purchased that part of Warrens town 
that Rowley had and is now in possession of it and hath lately 
purchased to very fine town lands from the Barren of Galtrum 
for which he is to give 6000 and odd pounds for he has been 
pleased to appoint me his receiver not only for what he has 
already purchased but for what he may hereafter purchased in 
which station I shall endeavour to make it my Cheifest studdy to 
keep up to the great duty we all owe to so good an Unckle in 
which station I Expect not only very good [ ] 

my Country but also an improvement in my fortune [ ] 

must now acquaint you we are all greatly rejoyced at the plenty 
full fortune our Unckle has placed you in I must now also 
acquaint you what great concerns my poor old father is under 
for not hearing from you often he is like one reaving at your 
remissnes in Corresponding with him he seems realy to be doteing 
on you above all his Children for in all his discourses about you 
the usually end in tears and he is greatly surprized that silvester 
Farralls letter should so soon Come to his frends here and none 
from you to him and hopes it is not afHunce of your fortune 
makes you forget him and hopes [ ] will put you in mind 

not to be forgetfull for the future of so good and indulgent a 
father, my Bro: Warren is With his Company at Wexford and 
is very well S r . Peter takes notice in his letters that he hopes 
Warry will prove a good man I am of opinion he does not 
want for good spirit or Courage, I must now acquaint you of my 
own affections for you which I assure you are Very Strong an< 
could wish to hear often from you all here Joyns in their love an< 
respects to you 

D r Brother I am 

your ever aff te Bro: 

Jo N . JOHNSON 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 259 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:546-47, are two letters, of 
January 6th and 22d, from Johnson to George Clinton, one dealing with 
French activities among the Indians, the other with the need of releasing 
Indian children held by traders, and of bringing about a peace between the 
Catawbas and the Six Nations. 



FROM SAMUEL AND WILLIAM BAKER 
A. L. S. 

London 22 Jan. 1749/50. 
COL. WILLIAM JOHNSON 
SIR 

Agreable to what preceeds 1 we now hand you an Inv. of a 
bale of Blankets made to your pattern the amount 23. 7. 9. is 
Carried to your Debit in Account Currant, also you have an Inv. 
of goods we have sent agreeable to your order marked R A the 
amount of which being 87. 0. 5. is also past to your Debit. We 
wish we could have met with an earlier opportunity of sending 
them, but this ship, the Dover, Cap 1 Waddell, is the first that 
has gone since the goods were ready. 

The 5 Instant we reed your Favour of the 24 November, We 
have landed the peltry out of the Nebuchadnezzar, Cap* Cornee, 
in good condition. We hold your Beavor at 4/6 d ^ D but 
whether we shall get so much we cannot say however we think 
we can't fail of 4/3 or 4/4 d . 3$ tt. Your furrs are not yet sorted 
but we think will sell pretty well. Deerskins are still very dull 
commodity ; we observe we are to have a further consignment by 
the Joseph, Cap* W m Bryant. We hope soon to see her here. 

We have put the goods in hand which you ordered & shall be 
sent you by the first good opportunity, the Strouds we have 
bought we hope will prove as good as those sent you last Spring, 
but not at all Cheaper. We cannot be exact as to the quality or 
price till they come from Dying, which must be some time, first 



1 Letter from S. and W. Baker of October 1 2th, 1 749 (q. v.) , is on the 
same manuscript sheet as this. 



260 Sir William Johnson Papers 

we cannot send you the Account Sales of what received by Wad- 
dell because we have not yet adjusted the freight. 

We are told that your Governors bills & Certificates will be 
discharged soon. Mr. Shirley has been here Some months settling 
his Accounts, which when done, is, they say, to be followed by a 
Settlement of M r Clinton's Accounts, & then an estimate & 
demand is to be made for the parliament. We did the needful 
with your letters. 

We are Sr 

Your most humble Serv* 

SAM L & W M BAKER 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 

Df. 

<M< Johnson Jarf* 22 d 1749/50> 

May it please y r Excell c y 

I am honoured w lh yours of the 6 th . Ins*, by the post together 
w th . a Letter to the Govern r of Canada w h . I shall take care to 
forward by Capt n Stoddert & give him the properest Instructions 
I am capable of, for the Speedy recovery of our People there, & 
particularly the 4 Ind s who are now two years & Eight Months 
there. An Age indeed, for such people who were never used to 
any Confinement & as nothing but their Steadfastness to the 
Brittish Interest, could have caused the french to detain them so 
long. I think they ought to meet with a reception (att their 
return) Adequate to their Merit, w h I am sorry is not in my 
power to give them, as they will look to me & no Body Else for it. 
As for the Affidavits against Collins, I realy had not time to 
gett them, being much hurryed Since I came home w lh Moveing 
into my New House &ca. but by the next Post shall transmit 
them to y r Excell ? I am verry glad y r Excell ? has given orders, 
to have the Ind n Children returned w h are kept by the Traders, 
as pawns, or pledges, but I cant find that M rs Abeel, who has a 
Seneca Child, or Vandreisen who has got a Mississagey, are to 
deliver theirs w h I am apprehensive will cause great disturbance. 
As to the Girl Lieu* Lindsay bought, or the Boy w h was made 




EXPLANA'P- 

A The house, or Fort Johnson. B The wall and ramparts. C The block-house in the ccf 
bake-house. F A pigeon-house. G The mill. H An aqueduct from the mill-dams to the mil ' 
built there. M A very large barn and stables. N Mount Johnson, very high and steep. * 
Q The Mohock river. R Part of an island opposite to the fort, 100 acres. S Thirteen s-J! 
V A fine creek that runs by the fort into the river. W A garden. X Fine pastures. Y Cor 

[NOTE: Guy Johnson was not Sir William's son. He was his son-in-law. For a description 
New Ycrk, 1:209; Border Wars, p. 114.] 






y/ //'y ) <"/ / 

* '/fi/t/f>/w.tt>/t t 




nd barracks that flank the gate; the same on the other side. D Cooper's house. E The 
uncil-house. K Indian encampments. L A sheep-house; but now there is a block-house 
.William Johnson lived before [he moved (Jan., 1749-50) into A.] P The barn for ditto, 
ing to Sir William Johnson. T Another block-house, to defend the back of the house, 
id to Schenectady. 
see Doc. Hist, of New York, 1:532; in 1844 and 1846, see J. R. Simms, The Frontiersmen of 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 



261 



him a present, is quite a different thing, as they were prisoners of 
War taken by the Ottawawees from Other Nations of the Flatt- 
heads whom they always dispose of at pleasure, & have done it 
every year since Oswego has been frequented by us. 1 The 
French likewise buy them daily, but those w h the Traders took 
as pledges, or rather stole from them, (as the parents came att the 
appointed time to redeem them, but they sent them away before 
hand) were Children of our friends, & Allies, & if they be not all 
returned next spring it will confirm w' the french told the Six 
< Nations Viz 4 that we looked > upon them as our Slaves, or 
Negroes, w h < affair gave me a great deal of trouble^ att that 
time to reconcile. I must acquaint Y r Excelb that most <of 
the Ind s > of both the Mohawk Castles are determined (in a 
very short time) <to go to> War against the Cataba's, & are 
to be Joined by great Numbers of <their> Brethren, as also by 
severall other Nations. I have for this time past, Kept them 
from that Vile practice, notwithstanding the french used all their 
Endeavours to sett them on but as affairs are Circumstanced at 
present, it is out of my Power to Attempt it. however I must 
humbly represent to y r ExcelK that the bringing about a peace 
between y m Ind 5 . & ours, would be a thing of great Importance, 
& the only way in my humble opinion to Effect it would be, to 
get about half a Dozen of the Cheifs of that tribe, or nation, to 
come here, & desire a peace w lh the Six Nations, w h I flatter 
myself I could perswade them to Agree to. The best time would 
be when Y r Excell ? was here, & have it done in y r Presence. 
I hope Sir you'l Pardon me for makeing free to give you my 
Sentiments thereon, there is the Pay of the Smiths who were 
sent by y r Excellc? 8 orders among the five Nations, due for two 
years past, w h they daily plauge me for. I hope y r Excell c y. 
will please to recommend the payment thereof to the Assembly 
when they meet next as also Interest for the time they kept me 
out of my Money. Disbursed for the Service of the Province at 
the Risque of my life & fortune, & at a time when none Else dare 
would dare to undertake it, I think there cannot be a juster 

^ee Slavery in New York, by A. Judd Northrup, p. 304-10. 



262 Sir William Johnson Papers 

t 

demand made, moreover they must be all sensible that it has been 
a great loss to me in my way of Business, The Oneida Sachems 
were w lh me last Week earnestly desiring thy might be allowed 
a Smith among them. I told them I would Acquaint your 
Excell c y. of it, & let them know y r answer soon, there is but one 
Smith this Winter among the five Nations, & y* is at the Seneca's, 
who pressed very hard for it. I agreed w th him for 70 but he 
writes me last Week y l he was oblidged to make presents to the 
Chiefs to the Value of ab* 12 w h he hopes the Assembly will 
allow, as it has been Usuall. I hope y r Excell ? will not forget 
to have the Militia Act revived next meeting of <the Assembly, 
otherwise it> is better have none, for if they <will not make 
Strict Acts in that> Case there can be no Command, & <I 
think in> this part above any, the Militia should be well dis- 
cip<lined,> & Regular. Submitting the whole to y r Excelled 
Superiour Consideration. I conclude w th . the greatest respect 
Imaginable Your Excellc? 5 . 

Most Obedient Humble Servant 

To Gov R CLINTON 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Gov r . Clintons Letter 

January 22 d . 

1749/50 

Coppy of a Letter 
to Gov r . Clinton. 

THOMAS HUTCHINSON TO JOHN H. LYDIUS 1 

Boston, Feb'. 9* 1749/50 

s*. 

Governor Shirley advises of y e : 28 th November that he is 
appointed one of y e : Commissioners for settling y e . Boundary 
between us & the French 2 and he Desires me to Procure him all 



1 Copy by Lydius inclosed in Lydius to Johnson, March 1 8, 1 749/50, 
q. v. 

2 William Mildmay was the associate British commissioner. The 
French commissioners were Marquis de La Galissonniere and tienne de 
Silhouette. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 263 

the Information I Can. I think we were furnish'd pretty well 
before so far as Respects y e Coasts of Accady & Nova Scotia but 
with regard to Crown Point the Country of y e : Iroquois & those 
Parts I am afraid we are too much in y e Dark. Immediately 
on Receving his Letter I Determind to write to you as the most 
Likely Person to enlighten us And I intreat you to send me an 
Account of all the Evidence you Can p * or of any 

Historical Facts that may point 1 to be found else- 

where & you shall have the full Credit of them with the Com- 
missioners Though I know you need no other inducement than the 
Publick service. 

Pray write under Cover of any Gentelemen in the County 
of Hampshire & Desire him to forward it to me with all possible 
Speed. & B leave me &c. 

THO & HUTCHINSON 2 
I Recevedity'. 13 th March 8 
ADDRESSED: To Coll 11 Will m Johnson 

att 
Mount Johnson 



1 Manuscript torn. 

2 Thomas Hutchinson was born in Boston, September 9, 1711, and died 
in Brompton, England, June 3, 1 780. He was a graduate of Harvard 
College, studied law and entered politics. He was a representative in 
the general court of Massachusetts for ten years, serving three terms as 
speaker; and distinguished himself by opposition to paper money schemes. 
He became a member of the council, lieutenant governor, chief justice and 
governor, besides serving the colony as a member of the Massachusetts 
and New Hampshire boundary commission, the Massachusetts and New 
York boundary commission and commissioner at the Albany congress of 
1 754. Though the stamp act was passed in opposition to his advice, his 
sympathy with royal prerogative and his relations with unpopular instru- 
ments of authority drew upon him the wrath of a mob, which sacked his 
house and destroyed his furniture and library, including an invaluable 
collection of historical manuscripts. During the years when he was gov- 
ernor he was in perpetual conflict with assembly and people, withdrawing 
from the country in 1 774. He was the author of a *' History of Massa- 
chusetts Bay." 

3 Note by Lydius. 



264 Szr William Johnson Papers 

TO SAMUEL AND WILLIAM BAKER 
A. Df. S. 

Febv. 19*. 1749/50 

[ a ] by Capt n . Knox And 

[ ] 30 th . of August last together 

w th . 3 Amounts of [ ] am m[ ] 

hear the Bills & Certificates are less [ ] now, 

than at first, it appears to us here [ ] however as 

we cannot help it, must bear it w lh . [ ] I am glad 

to hear you have got the Blankets finished & hope they may 
answer, as I should have a great Vent for them Inclosed I 
send you a Memorandum for Some trifles, w h . be so good to 
Send me 3$ first Opertunity I am much Hurryed So Conclude 
Gentm n . 

Y r Most Obed'. Humble Serv*. 

WJ: 

To MESS RS SAMUEL & W M . BAKER 

Merch 18 . in London 
^ Capt n . Knox 

Memorandum 

[Two volumes quarto of Mathematical Elements of Natural 
Philosophy, confirmed by experiments or an intro- 
duction to Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy; translated 
into 2 ] English by the late J. T. D[esaguliers. 

Also the] Second Edition of Doctor Desaguliers course of 
[Experimental Philosophy, adorned with 78 copper 
plates In Two Volumes [quarto.] 

Chamber's Dictionary, 2 volumes. 

Baker's Microscope made easy. 

Rodderick Randum. 

The Gentlemans Magazine from Decemb r 1 748 to the present 
[time.] 

The Family Magazine in 2 parts. 



1 Several lines missing. 

2 Burned portions supplied from a copy in Stone's Sir William Johnson. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 265 

An Historicall review of the Transactions of Europe from the 

Commencement of the War with Spain. 
The Whole proceedings in the House of Peers against the three 

Condemned Lords. 

Amaryllis a new Musical Design well Bound. 
A good French Horn with the Notes. 
A good Common Hunting Horn. 
A good loud Trumpett. 
A Dozen of good black lead pencils. 
1 B of best red Sealing Wax. 

1 fl of black DO. 

2 Rheam of good Common writing paper. 
200 tt of ground white lead. 

100 of good red lead. 

20 gallons of good Linseed Oyl. 

A good Globe to Hang in a Hall with light. 

A Prism Some prints as 

Titians Loves of the Gods. 

Le Bruns Battles of Alexander. 

Some Numbers Pousins Landscapes by Knaptons. 

4 Seasons Day by Lancret. 

4 prints of a Camp by Watteau. 

Some numbers Houbrakens Heads. 

The pictures of Some of the best running horses at New 
Market. 



INDORSED BY JOHNSON : February 19 th . 1749/50 

Coppy of a Lette 
Memorandum of 
to Mess rs . Baker 



Coppy of a Letter and 
Memorandum of trifles 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:547-49, is a letter of February 
19th from Johnson to George Clinton, followed by an account of Indian 
proceedings at Mount Johnson, February 2d. 



266 Sir William Johnson Papers 

% 

FROM WARREN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

<Dublin, Fete 24 ih 1749/50 
D R BRO> 

I had two days ago the pleasure of yours Dated at New York 
the 24 th of Nov r last and am heartily glad thereby to find that 
you are well & in good Spirits. 

I had a Short time ago a letter from my Unkle Sir Peter 
wherein he Mentions you & do assure you I must say vastly in 
your praise you Mention to me in your last ab l the Independant 
Company of which I wrote to you when In England by my 
Unkle's Orders & do promise you D r Bro it was then his real 
inclination to get you one having the highest regard for your 
Interest & welfare & desired me to acquaint you of it in the terms 
which I did & hope 'ere Long Shall have the pleasure of Con- 
gratulating you upon it, Which I do assure you woud give me 
as real a pleasure as any person Living, hearing of your Success 
you may imagine would rejoice all your friends but in Perticular, 
one who Lies under So many obligations as I do to you my D r 
Bro & Shall always take pleasure in Acknowlidging them. I 
have been lately at Smithstown They are all very well & desire 
their Love to you nothing could give me so much happiness as 
to have very often the pleasure of hearing from you and do Assure 
you I Shall let Slip no Opportunity on my side. I had our O of 
Arm's Cut in a very neat manner which I was to have Sent you 
with this but after I had got them from the Cuters found that 
they ware the O Neal's but have Since ordered the Johnson's 
Arm's to be Cut as soon as possible which I Shall Send as soon 
as finished with the Pamphlets &ca. 

Our Regt. is now Quartered at Wexford we have of Late 
got Col : Cole to be our Col : I would say a great many things 
more but am prevented being Oblidged to wait upon him upon 
the Affairs of the Reg* So must Conclude with wishing you all 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 267 

the Success & happiness that can attend on Man & believe me 
to be ever my D r Bro. 

Your most Sincere & most Affect. Bro: 

WARREN JOHNSON 
pray write me by every opportunity 
This goes enclosed to Mess rs Bakers. 

ADDRESSED: To Col. William Johnson 
at New York or Albany, America 
<J$ Cap*. <^Sweetman?^> 

Q. D. C. 

Foward d . fro: Lond. y e . 5 th . March 1749/50 
By S r . Yo r . Humb Ser ts . 
Sam 1 . & W m : Baker 



FROM JOHN H. LYDIUS 
A. L. S. 

Albany March 18 lh 1749/50 
S*. 

We have hear in Town Tree or four Cagnewage Indians the 
One Intends to Goo and See his Wifs Relations In New Eng- 
land thay Say wen thay Came away From Canyday Mons r 
Longulie 1 Governor of Mountriell 2 told them he Expected the 
Return of Monseiur Bobasin 3 Momentlie & that he wass to 
Come Emediately to Crownpoint Likelie with Dispetches Con- 
serning y e Exchenge of Preseners; thay have had a Very siklie 
Time in Canyday. 

as the Judges have Acording to His Exce ls : Warrent Som- 
mon'd M r Collins and Som Evidences to Apear before them on 
ye 2 th of March; he Antered to their Proceding the Inclosed 
Protest soo that thay have Ajournied to y e . 1 th . of Aprill Next 



1 Charles Le Moyne, Baron de Longueuil. 

2 Montreal. 

8 Beaubassin. 



268 Sir William Johnson Papers 

% 

y e . Day thay were together the Weif of Will m Taylor Came 
Volentarielie and offered to Give hir Evidence but the Judges 
Sent hir Bak & wood not hear hir Soo that it is Plainlie thay 
Dont Gear to Do any thing in the Affar without being ordered 
And as I Observed befor the Names in his Excellencies War- 
rent Wer Not the proper Persons that should a Bean in. he is 
Jesterday Gon to New York that is Collins Soo that ther is Time 
to have it Rectified. 

On the Other sid you have Coppy of A Letter 1 from Boston 
Informing me that Governor Shirly is Appointed one of y e Com- 
missioners to settel the Bounderies between Us And the French 
wherein thay Desire me to Give them all the Information in my 
Power Conserning y e . Premises ; I have toald them that y e . Lake 
Shamplane wass by y e . french Called y e . Iroquois seas & that I 
Divers Times hear the Indians of y e . Five Nations Clame that 
Lake as fare as a Rok Colled Rojejo. & that by y e . Treaty of 
Utrecht y e . Five Nations by ye French Colled Iroquois, Are 
Deem'd subjects to G r Brittain & that Consiquently the Property 
belonging to them is Desen d . with them to y e . Crown of Great 
Briten. I also Roat them that I find in y e . History of Nik 3 
Sanson D'abbaville Geographer To y e French King ~ that Kany- 
day in Perticuler was that Part towards the Mout of s*. Lerens 
Rever that Lieth on the Rite Hand as You Cum up the River. 
The Lands on y e : Lift Side Bordering upon y e . sea is in the 
Immediate Posession of the Brittis subjects & of Consiquence y e . 
side Doth belong to y e . Engelish. I also Roat Unto them that I 
would advise your Honor About it in Order to have a Trety with 
the Indians Conserning y e . Premisses for them Ither to send Deli- 
gates or to Impower Some propper Person In their Behalf to Joyn 
the Commiss rs : Appointed by his Majesty to make Clame as 
fare as y e . Five Nation make a Pretension. 

I Desire your honour to Mention Noting of your having scan 



1 Thomas Hutchinson to Lydius, February 9, 1749/50, q. v. 

2 Nicolas Sanson d* Abbeville, 1600-67 Biographic Universelle, 
Michaud. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 269 

y e . Protest I had it in a Privacie. Mr. Goldon Receved a 
Letter the Other Day and the Oold Gentelmn Desird to Be 
Rememberd to your Self 
I Remain S r . 

Yours To Command 

JOHN H: LYDIUS 



FROM JOHN CATHERWOOD 

A. L. 5. 

<London, 2 Ap l 1750> 
D R COLL 

Since I had the pleasure of writing <to you, I've> been 
closely employd in the liquidation of the Gov. Accounts; w ch 
are all gone through with now, & Money raisd by Parliament to 
discharge the Sums liquidated; and altho' several Disallowances 
are made upon His Ex? 8 Accounts for his own personal service, 
mine & others (w ch I am very sorry for), Yet I have the 
pleasure to tell You that all your charges, & the Appointments 
w ch the Gov r gave you are allowed, of w ch I give you Joy; but 
as Matters are not yet ripe for an Application to gett Your Com- 
mission confirmed, I must beg You will not be uneasy on that 
score, as I shall do all in my power to obtain it, and if I fail 
therein shall send Your own over again. 

Upon His Ex^ s recommending you to be of the Council in 
the room of Col. Moore, 1 I urged Your Appointment to be in 
the room of M r Livingston, 2 as you seemd desirous to take place 
next to M r Holland, 3 but Sir Peter Warren secretly asked it as 
a favour to place you before M r Holland, w cl1 was not your own 
desire, nor do I think it just, wherefore I have been under a 
Necessity of praying that M r Holland may take place according 
to his Appointment at New York. With w l View Sir P r did 



1 John Moore. 

2 Philip Livingston. 

3 Edward Holland. 



270 Sir William Johnson Papers 

this, I know not, unless it was to turn M r Holland out of the 
Council to please the Faction, who in my Opinion regard neither 
of you; however as the State of the Province is soon to come 
under Consideration by an order from the Lords in Council, I 
hope you'l both have your places as you desire, & whatever Con- 
struction Sir Peter may put upon my Conduct touching this affair, 
do> assure You, I have no other design <than to have 
both recommended according to your wishes & Justice. 
When the Consideration of the Province comes on, I am told 
that your Care & Management of the Indians will be likewise 
considered, and you may depend upon my assiduity to serve You 
in that & every other Capacity in my power, with which I beg 
leave to conclude with my Services to all Friends D r Col. 
Your ever faithful & Affectionate Servant 

JN CATHERWOOD 

The Indian Officers Pay was all allow d 
I hope little Will behaves well & improves. 
There is 480. 6. twice charged in one of your Accounts 
w * 1 . you must make good to his Exc? 
ADDRESSED: To Coll William Johnson 

at Mount Johnson in the County of Albany 
to the care of Mr Armstrong Merchant at New 
York 

By Captain Bryant 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON: April 2 d . 1750 



FROM WILLIAM COZZENS 
A. L. S. 

Nen York Ap l . y 5*. 1750 
COLL. JOHNSON 
S* 

I take the freedom of Troubling you with my Fathers Letters 
which he Desired me to Do in his Letter v/hich I Rec d . from him 
he Wrote to me to Send a picture & a Box of Dalma[ ] & 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 271 

Direct them to you which I have Done accordingly & ordred the 
freight to be paid in New York which was Done So Nothing 
more to add but begg Leave to Subscribe your Friend & humble 
Serv*. 

WILLIAM COZZENS 

ADDRESSED: To Coll. William Jonson 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:559-60, are two letters, of April 
4th and 5th from George Clinton to Johnson, oh Indian matters laid before 
the council and the hostile attitude of the Mohawks toward the Catawbas. 



FROM SAMUEL CRAMER 
A. L. S. 

[Albany April 10, 1750] 

[ *] in order to make a faithfull 

re[ ] since we left Mount Johnston 

[ ] you we made some small stay 

at the [ ] & turnd down a couple of 

Quarts of Home brew [ ] Cooleing our 

Coppers which had been made so warm at [ ]anectica 2 & 

the Mount then Proceeded we to our Halting place that night 
but did not Judge Proper to renew our attack on the Capt: 
Commidant haveing so plentifully defeated him in our way to 
the Mowhawks least we should occasion another Northwester 
from the Incensd Dulcinea in the noble Capt: Grasshoppers 
Palace. So took our cheerfull Glasse togather & when our 
buissnesses were done we as the song says realed into our Tombs 
that other Jollier Boys if such they were might come into our 
Rooms. Next morning the Noble commander makes his appear- 
ance deep markt I asshure you with Honorary Scars for he had 



1 Several lines are missing. 

2 Schenectady. 



272 Sir William Johnson Papers 

not as yet recoverd his Lost Skin & if I were to Describe him as 
he appeared to me he was something like a Cased Rabbit after a 
short Interval of discourse with him we mounted & away on our 
arrival here we found the Coll M r Ofarrell & the Gentlemen 
that bear him company were over the water at the Widows upon 
which in due form Wrote out our reports of the expedition we 
were just arrived from a copy of which you have herewith 
Inclosed & I hope will meet your approbation Matters of Form 
being finished we shortend our dimensions by Setting down 
assumed our Tubes charged Ignified & Fumigated the Room but 
what numbers how great & noblely they Fell I Leave a better 
Pen then mine to Tell that there was Some Warm Work cue i 
Signa in Capitis cornu oculisque Ofarrell Armigeri (Qui non 
ait in hoc Signo vinces) he however Swears revenge on the 
Roman for my Part I was Satisfied to take up with the Haw 
bank for that night others got over the River but how I beleive 
very few or none Can tell, however on the Sunday we dined 
with Coll: Marshall who desires to be particularly rememberd 
to you you must think we were not Idle with So good a hand 
& in short till Monday night one Intire Scene of Jollity has 
been our lot but as human Nature cannot for ever withstand 
the Potency of the Liquid god we unanimously declined our 
takeing So great a share of his benefits as we have done till we 
have in some measure recoverd our Scatterd Intellects that I 
might return with a Whole Skin to New York for which I intend 
a Thursday night or Friday morning the Greek remains as cold 
as ever lost to all Human Senses ever thinking him Self nearly 
encircled with the bold Arms of [ 2 ] 

Shrieks & hollow Sounding Groan [ ] Shocks 

our Ears from the nearness of [ ] you a 

Legacy of one Dozen of English Bea[ ] & 

Safe Passage over the River Styx thus hav[ ] 

1 Eheu? 

2 Several lines are missing. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 



273 



with a Long detail of Nonsense which must Grate your 
[ ] I must beg leave to conclude with the 

Compliments of all Cabo [ ] Sons & am Dear Sir 

Your most Humble Servant 

SAMUEL CRAMER 

PS I believe I have left behind me a ruffled Shirt in the Room 
we Lay in that case your Sending it to my Friend Mills by the 
first occassion will verry much oblige 



LORDS OF TRADE TO GEORGE SECOND * 



April 10 th . 

Representation to 
His Majesty propos- 
ing William Johnson 
Esq r . to be of the 
Council of New 
York in the room 
of Philip Levingston 
Esq r . Deceased. 



Whitehall ] 

April 10*: 1750j 



To the Kings most Excell 1 : Majesty 
May it please Your Majesty. 

Philip Levingston Esq r . One of Your 
Majesty's Council in the Province of 
New York being deceased, and William 
Johnson Esq r . being recommended to Us 
as a Person every way qualified to serve 
your Majesty in that Station, We humbly 
take Leave to propose that he may be 
appointed of Your Majesty's Council in 
New York in the room of the said Philip 
Levingston Esq r . 

Which is most humbly Submitted 
J. PITT, 

DUPPLIN, 2 

FRAN: FANE 
CHA S . TOWNSHEND 
J. GRENVILLE. 



*In Public Record Office, London, England, C. O. 5.1127. 
2 Thomas Hay, Viscount Dupplin. 



274 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



KING GEORGE TO GEORGE CLINTON 



Will m . Johnson 
to be of the Coun- 
cil of New York. 






George R. 

Trusty and Welbeloved We greet You 
well !- We being Well satisfyed of the 
Loyalty Integrity & Ability of Our 
Trusty and Welbeloved William Johnson 
Esq r : have thought fit hereby to signify 
Our Will and Pleasure to you,-that 
forthwith upon Receipt hereof you swear 
& admit him the said William Johnson to 
be of Our Council in Our Province of 
New York, in the room of Philip Lev- 
ingston Esq r . deceas'd; And for so doing 
this shall be your Warrant. And so We 
bid You farewell. Given at Our Court 
at S l : James's the Twelfth day of April 
1 750, in the Twenty Third Year of Our 
Reign. 

By His Majesty's Command. 

Bedford. 
Superscribed. 

To Our Trusty & Welbeloved George 
Clinton Esq r : Our Cap 1 : Gen 1 : & Gov- 
ernor in Chief of Our Province of New 
York in America; And in his Absence 
to Our Commander in Chief, or to the 
President of Our Council of Our said 
Province for the time being. 2 



Mn Public Record Office, C. O. 324.38, London, England. 

2 The usual State Oaths were administered to Colonel Johnson, which 
he subscribed, and repeated and subscribed the Test. And also took an 
Oath, well and truly to execute the office and Trust of a Councillor of 
this province according to the best of his Skill and Judgment. And then 
took his seat at the Board. Council Minutes, July 10, 1751, 21 :438. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 27i 

FROM THOMAS BUTLER 
A. L. S. 

Osnego Apr 1 . 28*. 1749/50* 
SIR 

Since I wrote you last nothing Extraordinary has happend 
here, I have had the luck to Trade about Six packs The Chief 
of which is Bever. I shall send them to you So Soon as Martin 
Arives which I suppose to be prity soon 

I shall want another Battoe with Goods which desire the 
favour you'l furnish me with, inclosed is the Memorandum of the 
things I shall need. I send this to you Now that you May have 
them ready against Martin comes down. I am prity much 
Troubled with a pain in My Side which I have had near two 
years. I shall be highly oblidged to you if you cou'd Spare me 
one bottle with Tarlingtons Drops. M r . Farrell & Compy. arived 
safe here yesterday. I wish you health & prosperty & am Sir 

Y r . Most Obed 1 . Serv" 

THO S : BUTLER 
P: S: 

a Ki[yoga India ]n known 
by y e . name [ ] man Died 

in Cannaday [ ] time last 

winter. The in[ ] says there 

is a Great Sickness among the French 
that they die very fast & sudden 

ADDRESSED : To Coll William Johnson 
att Mount Johnson 

1 Double date in the manuscript. 



276 Sir William Johnson Papers 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 

Contemporary Copp 1 

Map 4, 7750 
May it please Your Excellency; 

I am honourd with yours of the 4 th : & 5 th : of April, which I 
would have answer'd sooner, were it not from the daily alarms 
I am troubled with from the five Nations, which has taken up 
my time this fortnight past; I should have acquainted y r . Excel- 
lency of it e're now, but thought it better to Wait until I had 
some Certainty of the News, which is that the French with sev- 
eral Nations of Western Indians are resolved to destroy the 
Indians on Ohio River, who are in our Interest, & then the five 
Nations. Upon which several Messages has been sent me lately 
to acquaint me of it, and to know what assistance they may 
depend upon from Us. Give me leave to Assure your Excel- 
lency that our shewing a readiness to assist & protect them at this 
time would be of more Service than a present of 5000, as they 
look upon it that they are now to be Cutt off : without some assist- 
ance from Us, the Warriours who are all Hunting are sent for to 
be in readiness. The Women of both Castles came to me, & 
beg'd I would repair the Stockados round their Castles, where 
several are decayed & pulled down, & to have Irons and Locks 
put to all the Gates thereof, which I immediately got done, & 
promised them all the assistance in my power, even my House 
for a Refuge in Case of need, which pleased them much. I think 
I could not reasonably refuse them any thing in my power to 
serve them at such a time, who have been so ready to assist us 
when they were called upon, and by that means have brought 
this trouble on themselves. (How shocking a thing it is that even 
our Militia cannot be review'd, having no Militia Act, which 
could make them Imagine we were really inclined to protect 



Mn Public Record Office C. O. 5. 1087, London, England, as 
extract of Minutes of Council, of May 22. The greater part of Johnson's 
draft has been destroyed. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 211 

them) I shall give your Excellency in as few Words as I can 
the reason of the French's design; the first and principal one is, 
that them Indians settled at Ohio River (to the number of 800 
Men) offerd to Join us in the late War against the French and 
their Allies, as by several Messages sent to Your Excellency by 
the five Nations & me will plainly appear, & then finding that We 
had no Occasion for them, they of their own Will & inclination 
killed Fifteen of the French who lived thereabouts, & would have 
taken their Fort and destroyed all in it, were they not prevented 
by some old Sachims, who it seems were somewhat Wiser and 
cooler than the rest, telling them it would be wrong to do so, in 
as much as their Brethren the English had now made a peace 
with the French, the Second Reason is, for the harsh reception 
& Usage they gave the French Generall or Commanding Officer, 1 
who went there last Summer with a Body of 500 Men in order 
to destroy them, but finding them ready to receive him, by Intelli- 
gence from me alterd his Tune, & told them he came there for 
their Good, to forbid the English meaning the Philadelphians 
&c a : Encroaching on them and their Lands; also to Invite them 
all to Canada in the Spring, to see their Father who waited for 
them in open Arms; which they all immediately refused with the 
utmost Indignation, throwing the Belts of Wampum, with which 
he spoke on the Ground. At his departure some of them fired a 
Ball at him, which Graz'd along his Ribbs: this together with 
the former Enraged the Governour to that Degree, that he last 
fall sent orders to all the Officers in them distant Garrisons, to 
use their utmost Interest with all Nations thereabouts, to take up 
the Ax & Join him against those Indians, & the five Nations ; they 
succeeded so far as to get 1 5 Castles of the Ottawawees &c a . to 
take up the Ax, upon which they made great Entertainments for 
them, such as Slaughtering Bullocks &c a . then Sung their War 
Songs, five Sachims of the Mississagees who are firmly attached 
to the British Interest being present at the time, at Night as the 
rest were Dancing and merry, they Slipt away, went to their own 



Celoron de Bienville. 



278 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Castle, told all had past, to their Brethren, who were much 
Shocked at the News, Saying in their way they were all Dead; 
however they were determined to live and Die by the Five 
Nations according to the old agreement made between them, so 
Sent an Express immediately to the Senecas with a Belt of 
Wampum, and 1 5 bloody Sticks tyed to it, to be sent through all 
the Nations, & then to your Excellency Warning them and us 
to be on our Guard, that the French had a design to Cutt them all 
off this Spring or Summer, which Belt lyes now with me. the 
Reason of the 15 Bloody Sticks is to shew that there are 15 
Castles Joined the French to spill their Blood. It has alarmed 
the five Nations prodigiously and no less all the Inhabitants on the 
Mohawks River. Yet I can't think they will offer to touch the 
five Nations at this time, but those distant Indians in our Interest, 
I realy think they will either destroy them, or bring them over to 
their Interest, which if they do, the five Nations must also Sub- 
mitt to them; wherefore I think the greatest & Speediest care 
should be taken to prevent & oversett a Scheme of so great 
Importance & bad Consequence: The Indians all ask me often, 
whether you won't come to Albany this Summer to speak with 
them ; I answer them I don't know as yet ; give me leave to assure 
your Excellency, if you don't renew the Covenant Chain after 
the Warr as usual with the five Nations, &ca or order it to be 
done in a Handsome manner, that they will certainly think them- 
selves Slighted by us. Hendrick, old Seth, & the rest of the 
Chiefs of the two Mohawks Castles, assure me that if a few (even 
half a dozen) of the Principal Sachims of the Catabaws would 
come to my House, or to Albany and desire a peace w lh : the 
five Nations, that they would make a peace w th : them & I think, 
I could bring the rest of the five Nations als into it. I am heartily 
sorry to find by Your Excellency's last Letters & others there is 
nothing done yet in my affairs at Home, nor no likelyhood of get- 
ting Justice done me here by the Province; all which together 
with my daily unavoidable disbursements to the Indians falls very 
hard upon me, I assure you S r . & cannot help myself, I find, while 
I continue on this uncertain footing, I am thoroughly convinced 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 279 

were it in y r . Exy's power things would go better with me than 
they do; Wherefore if there is no hopes of an alteration soon I 
should Choose with your Excy's Consent to resign every thing; 
as my continuing longer on the footing I have hitherto will cer- 
tainly ruin me, which I think would be a Cruel return for what 
pains, Service & Expence I have taken, done & been at, and what 
I flatter myself your Excy : would not Choose or desire. As the 
Indians are so uneasy at this piece of News, & Expect further 
accounts about it daily, I should be glad to know as soon as 
possible what answer to give them, as they earnestly desire to 
know what assistance or Encouragement they may Expect from 
Us in Case of an Attack made by the French & Indians against 
them. I fear, I have intruded too much on y r . Excy's Patience, 
wherefore beg leave to conclude with all due respect Imaginable, 
Your Excellency's 

most obedient humble Servant 

sign'd W M . JOHNSON. 



TO CASPER LEIP 
A. L. 5. 
Mount Johnson May 16 th . 1750 

Please to let the Bearer CapP. Butlers Negroe have 60 tt of 
Bacon, and I will pay you for it. Witness my Hand. 

W M . JOHNSON 
(On same sheet) 

den May den 18 1750 

Zanneo pack Hat eem fan ne 60 pond Speck von Kasber Leip 
auf das Karnel Schansing rechel ling 

KASBER LEIB 

Translation 

May 18th, 1750 

Zanneo Pack has received 60 pounds of bacon from Casper 
Leip on Colonel Johnson's account. 

CASPER LEIP 



280 Sir William Johnson Papers 

% 

(on back of sheet) 

June 24th 1 750 Have Reed [ ] Johnson the Sum 

of Seventeen Shillings in full of all acc tts as witness my Hand 

his 

o . . 17s KASPER KL LEIP 

Mark 

FROM GEORGE CLINTON 

L. S. 
SR Fort George 22<* May 1750 

Yours of 4 th Instant I received, and have sent Copies to Gov- 
ernpur Hamilton, 1 and the President of the Council of Virginia, 2 
earnestly pressing them to take the proper precautions on the 
Occasion., as those Indian Nations are more immediatly a Barrier 
to their Governments. 

You may assure the Mohawks, that no assistance, in my power, 
shall be wanting for them, in case of an attack from the common 
Enemy. 

As things now stand it is impossible the Militia can be 
reviewed, till an Act is made to enforce them, and that shall be 
the very first thing I go upon when the Assembly meets, but that 
can not possibly be done till they do, which I can not permit, till 
I have received Orders for that purpose, which I have wrote to 
the Ministry for, and daily expect particular Directions from 
them, relating to my future Conduct to the Assembly, to enable 
me to support His Majesty's Prerogative from the many late 
villainous and daring attempts upon it. 

I am as much concerned as you can be, that there is nothing 
yet done in your affairs at home as well as my own ; which I have 
been sollicking these four or five years; But as the Ministry have 
been of late involved in such a Multiplicity of Business, Patience 
and Perseverance must be our present remedy; But assure your- 
self I have your Interest equally at heart with my own. One 

1 James Hamilton, deputy governor of Pennsylvania, 1 748-54. 

2 Thomas Lee. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 281 

piece of News I can congratulate you on, which is that all your 
Bills, (on account of the late intended Expedition against 
Canada) will be soon paid; enclosed I send you the NewsPaper, 
wherein you will see the Paragraph, I am with great sincerity 
S r Your very humble Servant 

G CLINTON 

P S: Notwithstanding I have been frequently 
& fervently pressed and even to occasion a 
grumbling among the officers (especialy those 
last come over) , for their turn of Duty at the out 
Garrisons, I have still taken notice of your Re- 
commendation, & continued them (viz Lindesay 
& Butler) it surprized me that you should give 
an ear to such false Reports, which I never so 
much as thought of, your request being of suffi- 
cient weight with me to continue them. 

Council Chamber New York 22 d May 1 750 
Minutes of Council of this day 

His Exellency communicated a Letter from Coll Johnson of the 

4 th Ins*. &c: 

The Council humbly advised his Exellency to direct Co 11 . 
Johnson, to assure the five Nations, That if they are attacked by 
any Enemy, they shall be supply ed with a quantity of Powder 
and Ball, and assisted with Men, Also to consult with the Offi- 
cers of the Militia on the Mohawks River and Scoharie, and if 
they should be of opinion, that the Men will appear under Arms 
on a Summons, That he should then order them to muster and 
review them (But not to force any Mans Appearance) to shew 
the Indians we are in readiness to support them. 

By the above Minute of Council you will see what is their 
opinion in pursuance of your Letter, which I desire you will make 
a proper use of among the Indians 

I shall forward your two Letters sent to the Doctor 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Gov r . Clintons letter 

May 22 d . 1 750 



282 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM JOHN CATHERWOOD 
A. L. S. 

<Lo>ndon <26> May 1750 
D R . SIR 

I have the pleasure to tell you that you are appointed a Coun- 
cillor for the Province of New York 1 pursuant to His Ex? 3 , 
recommendation, and as he is very ready upon all occasions to 
oblige his Fr<iends> I hope nothing will move you to drop 
<your> attachment inviolable to him; But that <you> will 
try now as a Member of the Legislature^ to serve him & your 
self with the Asse<^mbly> for the recover of your Debts & 
arrears due from the Province to the respective > persons 
concerned. 

I was informed this Morning that the State of the Province will 
come soon under Consid n . In the mean time, I pray you to use 
your good offices among the Indians that they may not fall off 
from their Fidelity to the Crown, w ch has lately cost vast Sums 
for that purpose, as you well know, & it is tho* reasonable now 
that the Colonies shou'd take upon themselves that Expence. 

My compliments wait upon all Friends & believe me to be 
always D r Sir 

Your faithful & affectionate Servant 

JN CATHERWOOD 

This comes by way of Boston so that I write in a great hurry, 
having heard that the Ship is gone down the River. 

ADDRESSED: To The Hon ble . W m . Johnson Esq r . 
one of his Majesty's Council 
for the Province of New York 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : May 26, 2 1 750 



1 See Royal Warrant, April 12, 1750, p. 274. 

2 In Doc. Rel. to Col Hist. N. Y. t 6:568, is a letter dated May 31, 
1 750, from Governor James Hamilton to Governor George Clinton, in 
which evidence of. French designs given by Johnson is disparaged. 



Period of Peace, 1 749-1 7 55 283 

FROM GEORGE CLINTON 

L S 1 

[June 29, 7750] 

[ 2 ] the Minutes [ ] Coun[ ] 

Copy of for your direction, in the [ ] Prisoners on 

both sides I desire you would send [ ] Capt: Stod- 

dert (who I suppose will return with the [ ] the 

Exchange conformable to your last sent by him [ ] 

to mention the time and place when & where it is to be and to fix 
on some proper Persons, that you can confide in, to go with the 
French Prisoners to the place appointed and order them that as 
soon as the Exchange is made, they return with oui Prisoners. I 
make no doubt but that you will take care that our French 
Prisoners be at the Great Carrying place punctually at the time, 
that they may have no excuse to return to Canada f [or w]ant of 
Meeting on our Side, The D r w[ ] that you 

should appoint either your own [house, Sch]enectady or Albany 
which ever place you tho[ugh]t best for Beaubassin to speak to 
the French Prisoners, but not to suffer him to converse or speake 
to our Indians at any rate ; which when he has done I would have 
you conduct him to Albany, that he may take his departure for 
Canada from that place. The day he sits out from Albany 
begins the first of the 25 days, the last of which is the appointed 
day of Exchange. 

I have issued this day a Proclamation which I Expect will 
secure Bradts Indian Child and prevent others from being Guilty 
of the like. I desire you will forward the Proclamation which 
I have directed & enclosed for L l . Lindesay at Oswego, and have 
ordered him to make a proper use of it among the Indians, to 
shew [ ] S r 

Your very humble [ ] 

G: CLINTON 



1 Body of letter is in handwriting of R. Ayscough. 

2 Several lines are missing. 



284 Sir William Johnson Papers 

[ ] inclosed you some 

Proclamations to make what use 

of you shall think proper all 

friends desire their Compliments to You 

M rs Fabre, and a French Man I have given leave to go along 
with M r Beaubassin tho' no Notice is taken of it in his pass. 1 
[ 2 ] Yesterday are 

humbly of Opinion [ ] Answer to the Governour 

of Canada a Letter [ ] March last N: S 

do acquaint him. 

That the Complaint he makes of the English Merchants com- 
ing into the French Territories, & selling Goods in the Indian 
Villages to the prejudice of the French Trade is too general, no 
particular place being mentioned, and as the Extent of the Eng- 
lish & French Governments is not yet determined (Commissaries 
being lately appointed for that purpose) it may be uncertain 
which of the Two Governments such places are within the Limits 
of, & therefore he can have no just pretence to confiscate the 
Good[s of sjuch Traders 

[ ] Complaint of Persons at Oswego 

endeavouring to [ ] Resentment of the French 

Indians against the Fre[nch i]s also too general no particular 
Person being accu[se]d, & therefore an Enquiry there in may be 
supposed to be fruitless, but that his Excellency will write to the 
Commanding Officer at Oswego about it & give direction tha 
the French be civilly treated whenever they may happen to come 
among the English. 

That it appearing from the Papers & Affidavits laid before the 
Council that M r Lamiere and the Indian who came with him to 
this City in October last were well satisfied with the accounts 
given of the Abnaikee Indians and desirous to return to Canada 
& not to go to Boston, and also that the said Indian was wel 
used on board the Sloop he went in from hence bound to Albany 



1 The first six lines on this page written by Clinton. 
* Several lines missing. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 285 

That his Excellency therefore send Copies of these Papers to the 
Governour of Canada and [ ] 

Excellency do complain of the [ our] 

Indians away from Oswego to Canada [ ] 

the Governour of Canada to give strict Orders [ ] 

prevent this practice for the Future. 

That his Excellency also acquaint the Governour of Canada, 
that all the French Prisoners in this Government shall be sent 
away so as to arrive at the Great carrying place at the Lake S l 
Sacrament about twenty five days after M r Beaubassin's De- 
parture from Albany in Order to be there Exchanged for our 
prisoners. 

The Council are also of Opinion that his Excellency be pleased 
to direct Co 11 Johnson to suffer M r Beaubassin to see and con- 
verse with the French Prisoners either at his house, at Schenectady 
or A[lbany] as he thinks most convenient, but not to see 
[ ] Conversation with our Indians. 



FROM GENEVIEVE LYDIUS * 
A. L. S. 

6* of July, 1750 
MONSIEUR 

Jay recue Celle que vous maves fait Ihonneur de mecrire par 
denbie 

Je vous envoit par lui deux Couverte frencoise tel que je les ait 
peu avoir elle sont un peut petite je souhaite que vous Convienne 
j en attend en huit ou dix jours dicy qui seront plus grande que 
Celle 

il ny a rien de nouveau qui soit digne de vous reciter sinon que 
antonie vanskaik madit devant de parter pour aller a la pointe 
que Colains etoit la Cause que Catiche etoit en aller et quil eu 
differant avis lui pour quelque autre Sujet 



1 Wife of John Henry Lydius, who was employed at that time in 
exchanging French and English prisoners. 



286 Sir William Johnson Papers 



J esperent que mon marie aura finis son ouvrage a moins de 
deux semeine 

toute notre families vous salue 

Je suis avec toute la 
sincerite possible 

Monsieur 

le 6 julliett Votre tres humble et tres 

1 750 obeisant servante 

GENEVIVE LYDIUS 



Translation 

SIR 

I have received the letter which you have done me the honor 
to write me by Denbie. 

I send you by him two French coverlets such as I have been 
able to get. They are rather small. I hope they may suit you. 
I expect some in eight or ten days from now which will be larger 
than these. 

There is nothing new worth telling you except that Anthony 
Van Schaick told me before leaving for the Point that Colains 
was the cause of Catiche's going away, and that he himself had 
different information that it was for some other reason. 

I hope that my husband will have finished his work in less than 
two weeks. 

All our family send good wishes. 

I am with all possible 
sincerity 

Sir 

the 6th of July Your very humble and very 

1 750 obedient servant 

GENEVIEVE LYDIUS 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 287 

FROM TEADY MEGIN * 

OslPego July //*. 7750 

SIR 

I rec d . Your favour together with the Goods which Came 
Safe. I am Very Sorrey there was no More Wompem & Silver. 
I Now Send you twenty packs Viz: two with Bevers. one with 
Rackoons. & seventeen of Lether which I hope will come Safe. 

Bever is Current Sold here at 7 s / ^. n . I have no News 
to acquaint you with, hope to have the pleasure of Seeing You 
in Short, in the Mein time rest Sir 

Y r . Most Hum bl . Serv' 

TEADY MEGIN 

P: S: My Complim 18 . to M r Farral 

Butler desires his Service to you but has no opportunity to Send 
you his packs. 

ADDRESSED: To Coll William Johnson 
att Mount Johnson 



FROM ARENT STEVENS 

L. S. 2 

Osnego July 11 th . 1750 
SIR 

I wrote you from the Carrying place the reason why I should 
not go to Onnodagah, a few days after My Ariveal here came 
to me Connossadagah with two or three other Sachems from 
Annodagah to inquire if I had any perticular News 

I spoke to them with the String of Wompom. Acquainting 
them that the Southerign Indians which they were now at Warr 
with was desireious of Makeing Peace with the Six Nations. & 
that they proposed coming by the way of New York in order to 



1 Letter written and signed by Thomas Butler. 
2 Letter in hand of Thomas Butler. 



288 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Treat with them about the Affairs, that they were afraid of Come- 
ing through the Country to be killed by the way. 

Upon which they Said Shou'd be Glad had it been told them 
in the Spring for since that time there is a Great Many Gone 
against them & others iest upon Going which they belived wou'd 
not be prevai'd on to Stop 

Then I Spoke to them with the Belt of Wompom upon the 
Subject you desired me about their Going so often and Setteling 
with the Preist below Kadaraiquee. 1 That it Gave the Gover- 
nour & you a Great deal of Uneaisiness That you foresaw The 
French were for divideing the Six Nations and That if they once 
had them so farr instead of useing them like Children he wou'd 
use them like dogs and in time wou'd make them kill one another. 

Upon which they answered it was very True what I Said that 
they foresaw all this but cou'd not fall upon a way to put a Stop 
to or hinder it. the reasons they Said were these. That the 
French were a very Stiring People and never still But constantly 
inviteing the Indians to come See them where they no Sooner 
came but were Cloathed from Head to foot, besides powder and 
lead in plenty all for nothing. They told me that some Said 
they went to be instructed how to pray. After they had made 
me this answer they return'd me the belt which I had given them 
But Said they took the News to Heart & so soon as they Came 
to their Castle wou'd speak with one of their own belts & 
promised to do their utmost indeavours to hinder the Indians from 
Going to the French. 

As the only busness of these Sachems here was to inquire after 
News. I had nothing to bestow them allthough it was Necessary 
they shou'd have Some thing But 2 

ARENT STEVENS s 



1 Fort Frontenac, now Kingston, Canada. 

2 Only the first two pages of letter remain. 

8 The name is written in another hand at bottom of second page. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 289 

FROM THOMAS GUMMING 
A. L. S. 

Schenec&ady, July 14 1750 
Co LL JOHNSON 
ESTEEMED SIR 

Benevolence is an inherent Quality in great & good Minds, 
and those Breasts that open freely to the Reception of Strangers 
and can welcome them to a generous and hospitable Protection 
are possessed of a Benevolence of the most refined Nature. No 
Language, I am Master of, can enough describe it, nor know I 
of any Return so Suitable to it as Gratitude 

Thou wilt not be surprized then, that I embrace this early 
Opportunity of acknowledging to thee, as I hope to do to many 
others, to whose Goodness I am indebted for so great a Gratifi- 
cation, my predominant Passion (Curiosity) has had since my 
first Sight of this Part of the World. Thou art my Creditor. 
To thee I owe not only the Favours I so bountifuly rec d with so 
much Easiness at thy House, and which I would not mention, 
had it not been for the odd Circumstances attending my Visit, &c. 
but allso for, what was my main Plot, being so well informed of 
the Nature and political Situation of our most Gracious King's 
Dominions in those Parts. Give me Leave to say, I knew 
nothing, till I made this Tour. And, I beg thou wilt not be 
offended, if thou hearest I should tell Strangers, if they ivant to 
be informed, they must apply to Col 1 Johnson. 1 Let thy good 
Nature pardon this Freedom; and believe me, without Flattery 
I Sincerely wish Prosperity to this Province, but if that happens, 
they must, (the People) think of & esteem thee, as doth Thy 
most respectful Fr d . &c 

THOMAS GUMMING. 

ADDRESSED: To W m Johnson Esq r 

P r . favour of Cap 1 Stoddard. 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Ans rd . 



1 Words in italics are underlined by Gumming in the original. 

10 



290 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM THOMAS BUTLER 



A. L. S. 



SIR 



Oszpego July 17 th . 1750 



I write you this by M r . Wendell who can tell you how the 
Trade Goes here, which I belive is over except Some few Scater- 
ing Cannoes to expect I wou'd fain have sent you Some packs 
by Jo 8 . Wells who went down for Akerman but cou'd not prevail 
with him though offerd Eight Shillings y e . pack. I have now five 
packs Bever & Seven of lether 70 D. Each 

I have yet about 1 30 Gallons Rum & near Foure p s Strouds, 
which I dont much fear Selling this month & the next, if you 
have an oppertunity pleas to Send me J/? lofe Sug r . if Cap 1 . 
Stodart comes up, hope he will bring Martin with him, who can 
help me down. I am Sir 

Y r . Most obed'. Ser'. 

THO S : BUTLER 
ADDRESSED: To Coll William Johnson 

att Mount Johnson 
* M r . Wendell 



FROM TEADY MAGIN * 

Oswego July 17 ih . 1750 

SIR 

I have Spoke Several times to Albert Van Slyke to Send you 
his packs but he has not done it his Bev r . & c . are all packed up 
& his Battoe is Caulked So that I think he will Set of in a few 
days. I write you this that you may be on your Gaurd when he 
comes down otherways prehaps he may pass you in the night 
but he has Said he desingns his packs for you Some people have 
indeavourd to make him belive you have used him ill. The 



1 Letter wholly in handwriting of Thomas Butler. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 291 

Trade is now over. Except a few Cannoes we hear are coming. 
I think to Set of the 23 d . instant 
I am Sir 

Y'. Hum 1 . Ser'. 

TEADY MAGINN 
ADDRESSED : To Coll. William Johnson 

att Mount Johnson 

FROM ALBERT VAN SLYCK * 

SlR Oswego July I7 ih . 1750 

I rec d . y r . favour Some time agone I was Vastly Troubled 
for what is happened to me. but hope in time to recover it. if my 
Creditors dont fall to hard upon me. I hear Every thing I had 
is Sold in Vandue at low prises & that my wife is turn'd out 
doors 

No man can Say but I have behaved well here this Summer. 
I wait for an indian to come in from whom I expect Some Goods 
When Shall Set of. I think to Go out this winter to the Cinakass 
or Kiugass a Trading hope you'l assist me with Goods & c . I 
have nothing More to Say till I See you 

IamSir Y'. Hum'. Ser'. 

ALB T . VAN SLYKE 
ADDRESSED: To Coll W m Johnson 

att Mount Johnson 



FROM SAMUEL AND WILLIAM BAKER 
A. L. S. 

[London, July 23, 1750] 

[ 2 ] 

favour of 26 May & find you had receivd [what n- ] 

Cornee, in the Spring ; we will try to match the [10 car- 



1 Letter wholly in handwriting of Thomas Butler. 

2 Several lines missing. 



292 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



the truth is, we did not imagine the Letters at the Corner to 
have been essential, but we thought we had very minutely 
imitated every other part; the rest of the Goods you order shall 
also be put in hand, & we hope to be able to send them to you 
before Winter as to your Peltry we shall land it when the 
Ship comes up; our Markets for Furs we think are like to Con- 
tinue much as of late, now & then some particular sorts rise & 
others fall, according as the Quantity of each sorts happens to 
be more or less on the Importation, sometimes also fashions alters, 
but in general Furs find a pretty good Demand Beavor is by 
no means so certain a Commodity, But we dont see any Reason 
to fear it's falling for some time, the last price was 4/6 <P &. if 
yours proves good we will try to make more of it, this, is what 
we reckon here a very good price, & in a Course of great many 
years we have seen it much lower, & very seldom higher, but at 
present the Consumption is pretty quick We shall look into 
Cap*. Millers power of Attorney & serve him what we can - 
Notwithstanding your Postscript there was no pattern of Aurora 
in your Letter. We are [ ] 

[ ]ither in your letter or in the Cask of Peltry which you 
said they were put into We have sold your Furrs according 
to the rates of the inclosed price Currant, your Beaver is not yet 
gone we hope to make 5/ ^ H of it We are 

S'. 

Your most hum 1 serv ls 

SAM L & W M BAKER 

ADDRESSED: To 

Col. William Johnson 
Albany 

^ Cap*. Deane 

INDORSED: 23 d . 1 July & 8 th . of August 

1750 



1 In Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:578, in a letter of July 30th 
from George Clinton to the Lords of Trade, is mention of Johnson's 
recommendation by that board for a seat in the council. 



Period of Peace, 1 7 49-17 55 293 



FROM RICHARD MILLER 
A. L. S. 

Albany, July 31*. 1750 

[P]eople here Keep thier Intensions a Seacret as [m]uch as 
they posiable Can Yet It may bee Easeley Seen throe that the 
Intention of the heads here In gennerall are for puting In Coll . 
Schuyler and Peter Winne whoo with thier party here work. 
Very hard from morning till night and M r Collins Sends Letters 
to all parts of the County M r Depoister is very Deligint and I 
Cant find out whether for him Self or for others is yet a Seacrett 
to your frinds who long to See You here and Say if You appeared 
it would mache a great allteration as they Confes it is In your 
power to Turn the Skeals If you take it in hands M r Wuyngart 
Seems very Diliteroy and as Coll . Lidies and M r Sanders and 
M r Van Schoick are In the Contray gives oppertunity to the 
other party I am affeard to goe a great way In ganing the free- 
holders to thier Interest there is a talk of Hans Hansa and Long 
John Cuyler and many here would be glad that Suybrant Van 
Schoick would Set up you must be the best Judge your Self and 
Cant Say no more at present my wife and family Joyns me In 
thier best Respechts to you and family. 

I am S r . Your ashured 
frind & humbl e Servant 

JOHNSON RICH D MILLER 



TO THE VOTERS OF CANAJOHARIE 
A. Df. S. 

[July 1750] 
MESS RS 

Considering how troublesome & <Inconvenient> it would be 
to all the Farmers to <have an> Election att this time of the 
year, I went Imediately to Albany to See to make it up Easy 



294 Sir William Johnson Papers 

now without any trouble. Phillip Schyler & Hanse Hansen 1 
were Sett up by the people of Albany, so I sent for them, & told 
them if thy would do their best for the good of the Country We 
would not Sett up any body against them now but if thy would 
not do good now for the Country, We would Sett up others next 
time. Whereupon thy promised me thy would do what they 
could, which I wish thy may for the Country never wanted 
it more. Now Gentlemen, & freinds I thank you all heartily for 
your good will for me, as well as if you voted everry bitt, and 
hope whenever there is another Election, you will be all as one 
Body to Stand by me, and putt in other good men, if those wont 
do good for Us Now, which I am afraid thy wont, for 
my part I am resolved as I live, here to stand by you all, for 
the good of the whole River, so hope we will always be true 
to one another. I am with hearty thanks for all your good Will 

Your true friend, & Welwisher 

w.j. 

To all the MESS RS OF CANAJOHAREE. 



FROM THOMAS ARMSTRONG 

A. L. S. 

New York 5 th . August 1750 
SIR 

I understand from M r Macurdy that you want a fitt %on for 
dark & Storekeeper, the bearer Geo : Armstrong is Brother to my 
wife & arived here on Wensday last, & I realy belive may answer 
your End in these ^Ptic'lar if so I shou'd be Exceeding glad, he 
writes a good hand & understands Bookkeeping but hes had not 
much practice, I can promise you that hes very honest & good 
Natured for which I will be his Security, So that if you please 



1 Philip Schuyler and Hans Hansen represented Albany county in the 
twenty-sixth colonial assembly September 4 to November 24, 1750; 
May 30 to June 6, and October 1 to November 25, 1751, when it 
dissolved. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 295 

you may take a tryel of him & if you thinke he will answer your 
End. the terms Shall be left to yourself as you see he deserves 
& it wou'd give both his Sister & me great Satisfaction to have him 
fixt with a Gentleman of So good dispositions to reward him as 
he may deserve, the Gent n . where he was born has recomended 
him in reg d . to his honest, & M r . Macurdy was acquainted with 
his caricture when last at home & writes a few Lines with him to 
you; he had Some business upp at Albany & I have taken the 
Liberty to make him waite of you, if he stays I will send him upp 
his chist & does &c by any of the Sloopes & am with much 
Esteem Sir 

Y r . most obed 1 . Hble sv l . 

THO ARMSTRONG 

as I have no imediat business to keep him close imployed, & 
know it the only thing to make young fellows to keep them busy, 
engaiges to ley hold on the first oppertunity to fix him &c 

ADDRESSED: To William Johnson Esq r . 

at Mount Johnson near 
Albany 



FROM PETER KALM 
A. L. S. 

Osrvego August 7 th . 1750 
DEAR SIR 

Tho* I am just now at the point to set out this very hour for 
Niagara, yet I can not miss the opportunity to retourn you Dear 
Sir, my most humble thanks for that favour, which you have shewn 
to me in a higher degree, than I ever could wish for; I am only 
sorry, that my hand and penn can't exprime what my heart would 
have it to do, as being a very poor writer in the English language ; 
My consolation is, that you, Dear Sir, allways will take a humble 
heart for that which a body not can in words so well exprime 
Permitt me, Dear Sir, to say, that I have been thousand times 
surprised to see the steps you have taken, to let me, no less than 



296 Sir William Johnson Papers 

great many others, feel your particular kindness and favour, 
wherein you greatly do excell all other persons of mankind, if 
you, Dear Sir, had been one of my nearest relatives, if you have 
had the Kings command to do me all the favour that has been 
in you power to do me, you could not have done me so great 
kindness, as you have done; to you I own, that I in Mr. Printop 
have got a so good companion in my travels; to you only it is, 
that Captain Lindesay and his Lady do heap upon me all Sort of 
favour to shew in what great degree they look upon your com- 
mand, if God spare my life, I shall an other time have a better 
opportunity to let the world know your great qualities, and when 
I have only said the half of them and of your kindness, every 
body shall find, that they greatly do surpass all others and put the 
mankind in admiration. I must make haste, and I do reckon as 
the greatest benefit, to be, Dear Sir, 

Your must humble and obedient Servant 

PETER KALM. 

ADDRESSED : To Colonell William Johnson 
in Mount Johnson. 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:589-91, is an extract from a letter 

of August 18th written by Johnson to George Clinton, in which French 

designs touching western Indians are discussed and a French plan for the 

deception of the Five Nations described. 



FROM JOHN LINDESAY 

A. L. S. 

Osnego 7 ih Sep 1 1750 
SIR 

My Last Letter was wrote before I heard of your being 
appointed on of his Majesties Counsile on which I congratulate 
you and I doe assure you that every thing that Contributs to your 
honour or Interest gives me Pleasure. This serves to in form 
you that on y e first Instant ther Passed here a French off r . who 



/i fQ, ^... W v |t-f-^-' .**< 




From Peter Kalm to Johnson, August 7, 1750 
(Latter half of letter) 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 297 

wrote me a Letter acquenting me of his have brought from 
y e Potuatumus two English prisoners who had made their escape 
from him at [Sodos?] & taken a Gun & Some oy r things 
from him altho he not only had Payed their ransome but had 
used them in the Kindess manner, two days after he went from 
this the two young men came here they informd me of the hole 
affair and I cannot bleam them for any thing they did, as this 
will be delivered to you by them I Leave it to them to tell their 
owen story by this & Several oy r Informations I find that the 
Go r of Canada gives orders the off rs . that Lives amongs 
those Indians to Spirite them up against us in every shape but 
to make them goe out & Kill or take Prisoners in time of Pace 
I cannot help thinking a very unacountable affair ther was 
Several of those Indians from that Castel who had taken those 
two young men and by their behav[iour] & by that of all Indians 
I find them much inclined to us & I cannot help Saying that were 
proper methods taken we might get most of those far off Nations 
I doe all I can I use all Indians well & kindly & endeavour to 
Convince them that the french makes Slaves of them, ther hap- 
pened an affair here this Summer which made this appear very 
plain, Ther cam an off r . here with Six Canoes of the far off 
Indians they had Goods and wanted to Trade but y e Off r would 
not allow them one Indian stole I should rather say took one of 
his owen Packs, & brou 1 it to Cap 1 . Butler y e off r . heard of it 
& ordered him to Carry it back to y e Canoe, the Indian only 
beged Liberty to buy a Silver arms band, but he would not allow 
him as this was oppression & useing them like Slaves I made the 
best use of it I could I shall only add that I am most respect- 

Your Honours most obliged & most 
obedient Ser 1 

JOHN LINDESAY 
I have sent a small bag w*. oats 
for y e Swed I could get no more 
I have Drawen a bill on you 
for six pound five Sh 8 W K please 
pay to M r Mabie 



298 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Postscript on wrapper 
SIR 

Since Sealing the Inclosed I am Creditably inform'd the 
French will meet with some Opposisition from the very Indians 
they expected would Join them they therefore have given per- 
mission to all the Young Men About Detroit whom they had 
before Stopp'd to return to Montreal in order to proceed Gradu- 
ally with their Scheme, as they find the Manner they Intended 
will not Answ r . but they must first get the Other Indians of 
there Side 

As within 

J:L: 

ADDRESSED: The Honourable Coll William Johnson 

at Mount Johnson 

FROM THOMAS BUTLER AND TO GEORGE CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:591, is a letter of September 3d 
from Thomas Butler, at Oswego, to Johnson, relating to a harangue by 
which the governor of Three Rivers incited Canadian Indians against the 
New Englanders; and p. 592-93, a letter of the 14th from Johnson to 
George Clinton, treating of French attempts to stir up the Indians against 
the Nova Scotia settlers, efforts put forth at Niagara to draw Indian trade 
away from Oswego and dissatisfaction of the Five Nations with the 
imposing of duties on the liquor trade. 



FROM JOHN AYSCOUGH 1 
A. L. S. 

Fort George, 8 ih Sep ir 1750 
S 

His Exellency has laid your accounts before the Assembly, 
with other Provincial Debts, which are referred to a Committee 
of the whole house. They yesterday made a New Resolve, that 



Sheriff of New York county, 1746-53. Many of the letters from 
Governor Clinton to Johnson are in his hand. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 299 

no Accounts be received, without being sworn to, the time when, 
place where the Services were performed, and by whose order; 
So that he thinks it of the utmost Consequence, that you come 
down, with as much expedition as possible, for he does not know 
how to proceed on your Accounts so as to get your money paid, 
unless you are on the Spot. 

The Bill for the supplying of Oswego is ready to pass and his 
Exellency is greatly surprized, that M r Petre is not come down, 
or left any orders for sombody to transact his affairs in order to 
get what is due to him on that Account. I am S r 

Your most humble and very Obedient Servant 

J. AYSCOUGH 

PS: If M r Petre does not care to continue 
supplying the Garrison of Oswego he desires 
you will recommend some other person 

ADDRESSED: On his Majety's Service 

To Coll W m Johnson 

at Mount Johnson 
To the Care of Coll Lydius 
at Albany 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : 7 br . 8 th . 

1750 



FROM JOHN LINDESAY 
A. L. S. 

Osnego 20 th Sepr. 7750 
SIR 

I did my Self the favour to write you by Cap*. Butler to w h . 
I refer you, I give you the trouble of this, again to entreat you to 
buy me a Negroe winch & send her as soon as possible, ther is 
no woman here to assist or serve my wife & as she is on of y e best 
am not able to see her undergo what she does at present, So if 
non can't be bought here on for a twelve month my wife is 
seekly and needs on to attend her rather than to be obliged to 



300 Sir William Johnson Papers 

serve herself & oth rs I can have no pace in my mind untill I get 
her a Servant I hope Need say no more Some days ago dyed 
At Annadaga Canossidego our best & treuest friend whose death 
will be a great Loss I am informed of this by a Message from 
y c Castel & a Letter from Conrat Wieser which I send you 
Inclosed that you may know his bussiness, I answered his Letter 
& sent to y e Castell a blankete of strouds & a white blankete a 
Cage of Rum in y e Go rs & your name to Condole Canos- 
sidegoss death & wipe off their tears Some time ago dyed 
Sadeganaughte & I neamed in his Place Sachanha a treu Indian 
who hates y e . french and hath as many under his Com. as any 
of y e five Nations this pleased much all our friends in y e Castel 
as Cap 1 Stevens Can inform you & would have wrote to you of it 
but Left it to him, I wish this Indian Place may be filled up soon 
that the french doe it not first which they have oft done to our 
Loss I hope you have or will soon send H k [Hasen?] up 
with a batoe & those things I wrote for and Expect from M r 
Peters Please send 4 Duzens mens shoes I shall send down 
y e mens notts by Cap* Stodart to y e value [?] 130 My wife 
sends her respects to you & has sent you a Cage of Salmond & 
hopes to send you an oth r I am respectfully Sir 
Your Honours most obliged & most obedient Ser* 

JOHN LINDESAY 

pray send me 3 or 4 botles of Thurletons Botles it hath been of 

great Service to my wife & me 

a brother of John Curs is here & is to goe Live this winter at y e 

Senecas & hath a Present of 2000 Crowns in goods to give our 

Indians 

ADDRESSED: The Honourable 

Coll William Johnson 

at Mount Johnson 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 301 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. 

<Fori George, 24 th Sepf 1750> 
S* 

Yours dated 14 th Ins* I Have received. As it is a profound 
secret what they are doing in the House, I can not possibly think 
what will be done in your accounts; But this I hear that instead 
of allowing you Interest for your money, so long expended, they 
are curtailing them near a Thousand pounds ; in order to prevent 
this I have no need to tell you how necessary your presence is, 
and hope you will be as Expeditious as possible. 

The reason why the Doctor wrote to you to recommend a 
Person in the room of M r Petre, was, his saying (when down 
here last) that it was impossible for him to continue it, as he laid 
out of so much Money, and should be obliged to take up some on 
Interest, and his not being down here, or at least to have got 
somebody to have sollicited for him; so that I had partly agreed 
with Teady McGin & his Brother in Law for the Contract for 
Oswego; But on the receipt of yours last night I altered my 
opinion & purpose to continue M r Petre on your recommendation. 

The Speaker told me that there was Money enough in the 
Treasury to answer all the Oswego demands, upon which I sent 
Mr Banyar with your four Warrants, to tender them to the 
Treasurer for payment, which he absolutely refused. I had no 
other design in this than to prove the < Treasurer a Lyer, as he 
had endeavored to fling ye blame on me for^> want of granting 
Warrants, <for y e Petre was no more> then y r Servant & y e 
Speaker told me so, & y* the Warrants should have been made 
out in y r Name. I have just sent to ye Speaker to Continue him. 

What I mentioned to you the 16 th August is actually on y e 
Acc ts by me & certainly in y e letter I sent you up in May last 
from Catherwood he takes notice of y e 480 ft , & of your repay- 
ing it me as it was one of y e Stoppiges upon me. In y e Same 



302 Sir William Johnson Papers 

letter if I mistake not he gives you joy of all y e acc ts being passed 
& Mentions to you Something of what passed ab* y e Councellors 
Ship & Holland but upon the first letter I writt to him again to 
explain it & may expect an Answer by Knox more fully. 

I am surprized you don't come down & look into y e large con- 
cerns depending, I cannot assist you for I dont know one Syllible 
of what passes but what I see in their Votes, & I wist by their 
Setting so long without anyone act y* Synifies a rush to their 
Country they are at underhand hatching Some vile action, but 
they have used me so much to their Billingsgate language that I 
am prepared & shall only dispise them & their Crew. 

You shoud come down to be sworn into ye Council as I have 
received y e Mandamus as Councill besides all friends woud be 
glad to see as particulary 

Your Sincere friend & humble Servant 

G. CLINTON 
To COLL JOHNSON 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 1 

7br 25* 1750 
May it please Your Excellency 

This is to acquaint Your Excellency that the Bearers hereof 
are two English men belonging to Pennsylvania Government and 
as they were trading among the Indians of Ohio River last 
Summer as usual were taken Prisoners by Seven Indians Sent by 
the Commanding Officer of De Troit for Said Purpose and by 
him detained ever Since the beginning of last June, it plainly 
Appears by all the Circumstances that he the Said Officer Sent 
the Indians to take or destroy what English Men they could 
meet, as the Indians told those Young Men so, and shewed them 



1 Attested copy in Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Printed without 
postscript and indorsement in Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:599-600. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 303 

the Amunition Tobacco &c a . w ch . the Said Officer gave them for 
their Journey, and when they brought Said Prisoners to him, he 
was very thankfull, and rewarded them well, which Said Prison- 
ers were Eye Witness to. He being relieved by another Officer, 
took those two Prisoners with him, in order to bring them to 
Quebeck, but they luckily made their Escape from him, half way 
between Niagara and Oswego, from whence they came to me 
quite in a miserable naked Condition, they Say the French are 
making all the preparation Possible, against the Spring, to 
destroy Some Nations of Indians very Steadfast in our Interest, 
which if they Succeed in, will be of very bad consequence, they 
mett in the lake ten or twelve large Battoes laden with Stores and 
Amunition for Said purpose, with whom were Several Officers, 
in particular two Sons of one of their Lieutenant Governors, whom 
I Suppose to be Mons r . Longquilles Sons. Certainly they have 
Something in Agitation which they want to put into Execution 
as Soon as they can, having Accounts from Several hands lately 
which Corroborate, those two men Say that the French at 
De Troit and thereabout, have offered and given Some Indians 
great presents to go and take or destroy one M r . Crochan, and 
Lawrie, two of the chief men who trade from Pennsylvania, and 
have the most Influence on all Indians living there abouts, of any 
that ever went among them, or in all likelyhood ever may. Should 
they Succeed therein it would certainly be a great Step towards 
their gaining them Indians, who are as Yet very Strongly attached 
to the British Interest, and Double the Number of the five 
Nations, moreover if the French go on So, there is no man can 
be Safe in his own house, for I can at any time get an Indian to 
kill a Man for paying of him a Small matter; their going on in 
that manner is worse than a open War. Jean Ceur whom I 
mentioned to Your Excellency Some time Ago is now gone 
among Said Ohio Indians in order to Spirit them up against the 
English. I wish he may meet with his proper Desert. I hope 
Your Excellency will pardon my troubling You with So long a 
detail of this kind, but as I thought it my Duty to acquaint You 
of every thing may come to my Knowledge, relating to the Serv- 



304 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ice of the Province, hope You will Excuse it, and believe me to 
be with all Sincerity and Esteem 

Sir Your Excellency's most Obedient Servant 

WILLIAM JOHNSON 

P. S. I should have been to wait on Your Excellency long 
ago but was much out of order as was most of my Family having 
Eleven Sick at once with a Violent Cold and Sore throat which 
raged here very much. 

New York a true Copy Exam d . by 

G w BANYAR D SECRY 

INDORSED: Copy Collonel William Johnson's Letter to Gov- 
ernor Clinton by two of the Inhabitants of Pennsylvania who 
had made their Escape from the French. Dated 25 th . Sep r 
1750 

FROM PETER KALM 
A. L. 

[New York? September 1750] 
DEAR SIR 

it has been my duty, Dear Sir, before I went from Albany, 
to return you my humble thanks for your particular favour 
towards me; but, Sir, I most humble beg pardon, that I did not 
perform it there ; I did not forget it, but had it in a fresh memory ; 
but I was so weary of the country of the Jews, that I could not 
give me any rest either day or night, before I could come from 
thence: every hour of the last days I was in Albany I thought 
was a day, and a day was almost a year for me: and when at 
last that happy moment came, that I got upon my horse to go 
from thence, I thought that my body has taken a burthen from 
my back: that was heavier than all the Blew mountains together: 
a Deer, that has had the unhappiness to come in the middle of 
the Dogs, can never be so glad, when it has got away many miles 
from them in the middle of the wood, that I yet had a much 
greater joy of my happiness: I thought that nothing now was 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 305 

more wanting in my gladness; but a new sorrow did darken my 
heart, when I remembered that you, Dear Sir, yet did live as a 
David in the tents of Kedar, & as a child of israel in the middle 
of the Sons of Enakim, where the most, if not all, which on all 
sides live round about you, look upon you with a more sowr eye 
& darker face, than a bull can do : I wonder, Sir, that you dont 
grow ten times sick in a day in a such place : for me, I have now 
got my former health, since I came back to the Christian people. 
Yesterday I came to this town, but as my things, that were to be 
sent with the Sloop from Albany, are not yet come here, I shall 
not know how soon I shall leave this town ; I hope yet it shall be 
in two or three days. 

As the Ship I thought to go with from Philadelphia to London 
is to sail in 1 days time from hence, & I for my things that are 
not come down, not can come from hence, so I shall be obliged to 
differ my journey home to the month of January or February, 
because it will now be too late for me to go home to Sweden this 
fall. 

I do inclose here a letter to Mr. Printop; the matter is a trifle 
in it self ; but as Mr. Van Wandel did charge me with 1 8 shill- 
ings, which I was obliged to pay to him, & I had paid them before 
to Mr. Printop, I am in darkness which of the two are to be 
blamed, you will find it plainer of the Letter, which I have left 
open; either Printop or Wandel has plaid a Dutch trick up on 
me. I will not think that Printop at his going from Oswego 
wanted some money to pay any thing he has taken, he knew that 
I then did own money to him. it is for me impossible to say by 
which is the fault; Mr. Van Wandel I look upon as the most 
honest man; & Mr. Printop did behave himself in the journey 
always in a such manner as I ever could wish. I do leave the 
18 shillings to him that has got them; I have got satisfaction 
[enough?] if I can know by whom they are. But I have con- 
sidered the things: I will [forget?] it; dont tell him any thing 
thereof; nine shillings are not so much worth to make any noise 
about; may be he would grow angry upon me; I will not send 



306 Sir William Johnson Papers 

any letter to him; I shall yet let you see the letter, 1 because it is 
written; but, pray, burn it [since?] you have read it. 

Please, Sir, be pleased to let the seeds of Fol avoine which 
Captain Lindsey was to let be gathered about Oswego, be sent 
with your things to Messrs Baker in London, where Mr. Abraham 
Spalding or I can have them, & pay the freight; 



FROM JOHN B. VAN EPS 
D. S. z 

Octb'. 3*. 1750* 

Then rec d . of William Johnson the Sum of Six Pound Eleven 
shillings in full of Accounts to this Ins 1 , as Witness my hand 

JOHN B : VAN EPS 
6.11. 

TO DAVID JONES 
A. Df. S. 

<M< /. SK 16* 1750> 
SIR 

Y r favour of the 4 th Curr*. I rec d 2 days ago and agreable to 
the orders of the house have with all Convenient dispatch made 
out an Acc u of the dispositions of that Sum of money paid me 
by Mess" Tenyke & Dow in August I 749, w h I hope may prove 
Satisfactory to the House. What I've been oblidged to advance 
to the four Ind ns at their return may perhaps Seem extravigant, 
to those who may not be acquainted w th the Humour, or nature 
of Ind ns but give me leave to assure you Sir, thy are farr from 
resting Content w th w* thy had from me telling me thy expected 



1 This letter is not found. 

2 Document is in handwriting of Johnson. 

3 In Doc. Rcl. to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:597, is a letter of October 12th 
from the lords of trade to the Duke of Bedford mentioning Johnson's 
information as to the attempts made by the French to destroy Indian 
nations friendly to the English; p. 597, is mention of Johnson's information 
in a letter of October 15th from the lords of trade to George Clinton. 



Period of Peace, 1 749-1 7 55 307 

Something Considerable for their Loyalty, long Suffering, & 
absence from their familys. Notwithstanding I did not care to 
advance them any more, least it might be thought 111 of. W h I 
have always endeavoured to prevent, by using all possible frugal- 
ity and as my takeing that trouble upon me was purely to Serve 
the Country, without any Sinister view, all my desire is that it 
may meet with the approbation of the House, than w<h> 
nothing could give me a more sinsible pleasure Who am w th much 

Esteem S' Y' Most. H S. 

W M JOHNSON 

DAVID JONES Esq r <Speak>er of the General Assembly <for 
the Pr>ovince of New York. 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 
A. Df. S. 

Novb'. the 6*. 1750 

In Obedience to Y r . Excellency s orders [Signified?] me by 
your letter of the 1 9 th . Ult. I have with much difficulty prevailed 
w th a Smith to go to the Onondaga's Castle, being so late in the 
Season as to render it verry disagreable, as well as difficult there 
is one Myndert Wernp gone to the Seneca's Castle Some time 
ago, w th . all his Tools &ca in Expectation it would be allowed 
of. So that now I have only to Send him the fifty pound for the 
present and his Instructions. Tiddy M c .Ginn has importuned me 
much to acquaint y r . Excellency of his inclination of takeing a 
trip to Canada if y r . Excellency would be pleased to give him a 
pass port. I am w*. all due respect Imaginable Y r . Excellency 8 . 

& ca 

W. JOHNSON 

P S: inserted this, that there will be some expence attending 
my resignation w h . I think should not be born by me, but that 
(along with the rest) I leave to Y r . Excellenceys Consideration 

P S. The Man whom I sent to Ondaga is named W m Printup 
one of the best Workmen in the Country, and the fittest person 



308 Sir William Johnson Papers 

could be found to Send there as he is verry much looked upon 
by S d . Nation, on Acc lt . of his Father haveing lived among them 
Severall Years in the Countrys Service, he also talks the Indian 
language best of any in the Province. 
Gov R . CLINTON 

Copia Vera 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Coppy of a Letter 

to Gov r . Clinton 
Novb r . 6< h . 1 750 



FROM DAVID JONES 
A. L. S. 

NeT York, 20th November 1750 
SIR 

The House have allow'd You the Sum <of 686 11 4 
for^> Provisions Supply'd by you for the Militia & additional 
Number of regular Forces posted at Oswego from the 15th of 
May 1 748 to the 1 5th of November following & have made a 
further Provision for what was directed to be paid You by a 
former Act, which You have not yet receiv'd by Reason of the 
Dificiency of the Fond out of which You was then to be paid. 
What is due to You for supplying Provisions for the Ordinary 
Garrison of 25 Men, the House expects you to be paid out of the 
Oswego Dutys. The other Articles of your Account for fur- 
nishing Provisions are postpon'd untill you Sattisfie the House in 
Relation to an Information which they have receiv'd that You 
procur'd from Capt n Visher a Certificate for Provisions which 
were never sent, and that you paid him 25 for the said Cer- 
tificate; the House expects You to clear up this Point at their 
next Meeting I am S r 

Y r most humble Serv* 

DAVID JONES 

ADDRESSED: To Coll William Johnston 
at Mount Johnston 

in the County of Albany 



Period of Peace, 1 749-1 755 309 

FROM RICHARD MILLER 
A. L. S. 

Albany 29* . .Novemb'. 1750 
S* 

I Received Yours of Last Satterdey and Shall forward the 
Letter by the first oppertunity to Cap* Chew tho not any opper- 
tunity at present the first that goes Shall acquaint you with 
I Send you by Sander Van Eps 1 8 Trapps Cost I O/ Each and 
Seven pair of yarn hose Cost 8 tt of Leather Jacob Banthousen 
is In New York waiting for the arrivel of Cap*. Matched who 
is not arrived as yet So Cannot Inform you the price of Leather 
at New York the Soldiers Bills Lies Just the Same way Coll . 
Marchill promised me he would pay his Bills when Cap* Hogan 
Came up who Lies at the west Camp but there is no trust to be 
put In that he will pay it as for Major Clark he will not allow 
that twenty four pounds for the 2 men that are at Oswego 
Major Clark and M r Lindsey having a Discount betwixt them 
as for the money of the other three I have It in my hands I have 
had no oppertunity to Send Down your letters nor Dont Know 
that there will be any untill the post goes but If any Should offer 
Sooner Shall take Care to forward your Letters. I have not 
heard that you Recced them 23 blanckits which I had from M r 
Van Schoick and the 2 p s Strouds Sent at the Same time my wife 
and family Joyns me In thir Best Respeckts to You and pleas 
to Except of the Same from S r . 

Your ashured frind and humb le Serv ! 

RICH D MILLER 
To COLL. JOHNSON 

PS I Send you Some Letters by Sanders 
which Came from Ne[ ] by Cap* Hogan 

[ ] s as before 

RM 

ADDRESSED: To The Honourb le Coll . William Johnson 

att Mount Johnson 



310 Sir William Johnson Paper* 

% 

TO CAPT. LEWIS 
A. D. 

Memorandum for Capt Lewis 
1 piece brown Sheeting 
1 piece dark blue 

brown / Rattmel 
dark Green Durant 
dark blue Taborett 
dozen black Worsted Mitts 
dozen leather Colourd D 
dozen Mens Worsted hose ab l 70/ 
dozen d fine Ribb d d ab< 90/ 
2 Cloth Coloured Silk 
|/2 tt black coarse d 
1 doz Coarse Stockings yarn about 24/ 

1 tt Twist Cloth Colours 
4 doz Coarse Combs 

2 doz Silk Handkerchiefs 
1 doz blk 

1 doz n . Woolen Caps 

[/ doz n . Cotton " ] 

1 p 8 . dark blue Durant 

6 Bladders Snuff Maxwells or Liepers 

1-28 fl Sealed 

An Assortment of hatts 

An Assortment of Handkfs 2 dozen like John Norrij 

1 p 8 . Millenett 

Callico Stormont Ground 

1 doz n . Snuff Boxes Japan'd 

1 " Tobacco " " 

2 Boxes Candles 1 box of Soap 
J/2 p s . blue Cox Comb 

Indigo of Allum 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 311 

Copper as 

Red Wood 
3 dozen Cuttean Knives from M r Robertson of 8/ 

40 large ^ English 
30 small | Wire 

Samples Inclosed 

2 pieces blk Mode ab l 4/ or 4/6 a square 
2 dozen black barcelona Handkerchiefs 
ab'70/ 1 dozen ab< HO/ 
Yellow Common buttons 

" Dble Gilt Buttons 
1 Gross large Moulds 
Some linnens from 2/6 To 3/ price 
a Stone for a hearth five feet Six Inches long one foot Eleven 

Inches & half broad 

a back & bottom of The fire place to be one Inch thick 
1 p s . Embor d . Serge to be exchange for Velvet 
1 p s . Callico 
Compasses 

41 tt Ginsang 

1 doz n . Brooms & 1 Shovel, honey, Starch & Chesnuts to M rs . 

Willett 

2 dozen Scissars 

1 pair for The Shop large & Good 
an Assortment of buckles high priced 

3 dozen brass d ab* 12/ ^ Dozen 



deliverd Cap* Lewis 
14 barrells Pearl Ashes 

1 barrell Pot Ash To pay Classon 24 

1 7 Casks flax Seed 
44 . bees Wax 
63 bushell Wheat 
41 tt . Ginseng 



312 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



5 pearl 6 
1 pott 
1 7 Cask flax Seed 



30 

6 

50 



M r Bruces Note 
9 pearl Ashes 
63 bushell Wheat 
44 Bees Wax 
Staves 



86 5 



N eilson 



Cash 80 delivered 
draft 50 on the GoV 
Sent 1 1 by John Norris 
400 



54 
22 
4 
30 




10 









114 
24 


10 






86 10 



FROM JOHN AYSCOUGH 

A. L. S. 
[Nen York, December 19, 1750 1 ] 

Your Favour of 6 th Ins 1 and [ ] Nov br , inclosing 

M r Petre's Certificate, which [ ] be taken care of to 

procure a Warrant. 

I this day went with your Order to the Treasuer, for the 
Moneys allotted you, by the Act of Assembly for payment of 
the Province Debts the whole Allowance for you is 1 , 1 93 : 7 :4 : 
which he will pay me to morrow in the afternoon, the disposal 
of which shall be punctually observed 



1 In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:604, is a letter of December 19th 
from George Clinton to the lords of trade in which Johnson is quoted with 
respect to the plate of lead on which the French claim to the Ohio river 
and the lands about it was inscribed. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 313 

I tendered your four Warrants for Oswego, of 228: each, 
and desired his possitive Answer which was, that the Oswego 
Fund was deficient 600, which he had advanced himself 
upon it and that of Consequence he could not pay it, 'till a Sum 
Sufficient on that Act came into the Treasury, as it is from that 
Fund they are to be paid. 

By this S r you will perceive the necessity there was of your 
being down in the Sessions, and how far your new Friends in 
the Assembly served you, acording to their promise, But of this 
I have given you former hints. His Exellency I assure you had 
your Interest greatly at heart, but every thing transacted in the 
Assembly was a Profound Secret to him, and he knew nothing 
till he saw it in their Votes, or what I pickt up from the Members 
I conversed with, which I wrote you word of formerly. I am 
S r in great truth 

Your most Obedient Ser 1 

J AYSCOUGH 
COLL JOHNSON 

TO GEORGE CLINTON 

A. Df. S. 

[December 20, 7750] 
[May it please Y r Excellency] 

This is the first opertunity I've had of [acknowledging the 
receipt of y r . Excel lencys favours of the [ ] 20 th . 

of last Month, by w h . I am sorry to hear [ ] treatment 

your Excellencey meets with from the Assembly [ ] 

regard to the Expences of the French Flags of Truce. The most 
out of the way thing ever was known & poor Encouragement 
for future Service. Y r . Excellenceys Surmise w th regard to my 
Affairs (before the House) was verry right, for I find they have 
not made provision for half the Expences attended the French 
Parties, who were mantained, lodged, & transported backward, 
& forward, on my Credit; and is too great a hardship on me to 
pay together w tl \ the loss of time trouble, and travilling Expences 



314 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



I was att, to wait upon them, and yet pay it I will to a penny as 
the People would not lodge them or Serve them in any Shape 
w th .out my promiseing payment Now I should be glad of y r . 
Excellenceys advice in the Affair as I am quite at a loss how 
to act therein, Consistant with Honour, or Credit of the Province. 
w h . (were it not for one principall Motive) I have realy no 
reason to be tender of I am much oblidged to y r . Excellencey 
for the Hint You were pleased to give me of the necessitty of 
applying speedily for what Sums were allowed me. and have 
accordingly given Orders to My friend Doctor Ascough to 
receive the Same as Y r . Excellencey is pleased to observe, the 
objections made by the gentlemen of the Council to Some of 
those, (at y r . Request) Mentioned by me, all I shall say in the 
Affair is, that Lyddius (if I may be allowed to know the Man, 
and the disposition of the Indians att present) is the fittest in 
Albany for a Commissioner. Yet, as Y r . Excellencey finds it 
would not be agreable. I am quite easy in the affair, & heartily 
wish those gentlemen [mentioned, may be enabled to Serve their 
Country in that Station. As this is (perhaps) the last Piece of 
Indian News I shall ever have occasion to trouble your Excel- 
lencey with, I should be verry glad if it were made the best use 
of [as it is of great Importance to the welfare and hope y. 
& I am convinced Y r Excellencey, & Gov r . Hamilton may by 
acquainting all the Indians of Ohio & therabouts [easily prevail?] 
w*. s d . Indians to prevent the French getting any more footing 
there [perhaps even?] to dispossess them of what they already 
have & I flatter myself that what I have already Said to the five 
Nations about it will be of [ ] service, if not entirely 

oversett the Frenchs present Scheme w h . is to build tradeing 
Houses & garrisons att all the Passes and carrying Places between 
Said River & Osswego, [y r . ExceRv may [ ] a 

French officer, & interpreter Jean Cour[ ] the five Nations 
this Summer when on his Journey thither at the Same time asking 
their Consent, adding that as it was for their Ease, and benifitt, 



Words in italics and within brackets are erased in original manuscript. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 315 

by preventing their great labour, in carrying their goods over S**. 
Carrying places He did not doubt of their compliance to w h . 
thy would make no Ans r . ere thy spo^e with me, and fynow 
what was wrote on this leaden Plate w h . they by some artifice 
gott from S J . Cour.] As Y r Excellencey will perceive by the 
Inclosed Ind n . Speech made by a Cajuga Chief, who untill last 
Summer was intirely in the French Interest, when I took him in 
hand he fairly owned it, & the reason he gave me was, that the 
French he thought were a more warlike people than we, and 
being the Head Warriour of the five Nations himself, Said he 
had a veneration for all those of his own disposition, besides thy 
always used him better by farr than our People, untill such time 
as he got acquainted with me. whence commenced his friendship 
for us, w h . I have been at a great deal of pains, & Expence to 
Cultivate, but I assure Y r . Excelled it was well bestowed, for 
there is not a Man in the five Nations has more Young Men 
at Command, nor readier to Serve Our Interest in everry Shape 
than he is now. and will ever continue so, if not ill used. His 
reason for undertakeing this Journey in so bad a Season, was 
only to Convince me (as he Said) of the sincerity of his engage- 
ments to me w h . I realy look upon as a great Instance of his 
fidelity I should be verry glad Y r . Excellencey would please to 
bestow some marks of y r . favour on him, when you see him at 
Albany. I have agreable to Y r . Excellenceys Instructions, given 
Arent Stevens Notice to have the Ind ns at Albany Early in the 
Spring which he promised me he would. If I [ma]y be allowed 
to give my opinion In the affair, I would not advise y r . Excel- 
lencey to call any more Indians, than the Sachims & Head War- 
riours of every Nation for Calling the rest is only expensive, and 
troublesome & not of the least Service [for] thy have nothing 
to Say [ 1 ] Waggons 

would [ . ] that Sum 

[ ] given properly to [ ] of 

greater Service than Y r . Excell[ency ] 



Several lines missing. 



316 Sir William Johnson Papers 

there is one thing more w h . I must [ ] Excel- 

lencey of. and do assure You S r . that nothing [ ] 

daily reflections of the Indians could move me to it. that 
[ ] there being so few Men at their Castle, or 

Mohawk garrisson & them such poor helpless creatures, that they 
(speaking most favourably) are realy unfit for an out garrison: 
I am much oblidged to y r . Excellencey for the Honour designed 
me, & do assure You S r . that nothing could give me a more 
sensible pleasu[re] than haveing the Honour of makeing a 
Member of Your Excellency 3 . Club. w h . I find is composed of 
all those whom I most esteem, & toast Constantly. I hope M rs . 
Rodda[m] 1 has gott the better of her disorder, w h . I should be 
verry glad to hear. I Sincerely wish y r . Excellencey, M rs . Clin- 
ton & Family the Compliments of the Season, and am with all 
respect Imaginable Y r Excellenceys Most 

W.J: 

To GOVERNOUR CLINTON 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Coppy of a letter 

to Gov r . Clinton 
Decb'. 20* 1750 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 

A. L. S. 
[Ne> York, January 16, f75[0/]l 2 ] 

SIR 

You may remember that the 1400 which I lent to you upon 
your Single note; without Interest, about two years ago, you 
promised Should be paid to me out of the, money you received 



1 Daughter of Clinton and wife of Captain Robert Rodclam, of the 
man-of-war, " Greyhound." 

2 In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. t 6:608-11, are printed a letter 
of January 1 7th from Clinton to the lords of trade relating to one of the 
leaden plates of Celoron de Bienville; an account of a conference between 
Johnson and a Cayuga sachem, December 4, 1750, touching the plate; 
and a copy of the plate, accompanied by the translation. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 317 

from the Assembly, in payment of what was [du]e to you from 
this Province. Now as Doctor Ayscough has received upwards 
of 1 1 00 for you in part of your Said due, I was in hopes you 
would have ordered him to pay it to me in part of your Said 
Note ; but he tells me you have ordered him to send it up to you. 
I doubt not the occasion is very urgent; that has obliged you to 
apply that Money another way; But with justice to my self 
and Family, I think I cannot Suffer so large a Sum, to remain 
longer out without Interest, and on so small a Security as a Note 
of hand, and I doubt not but you will agree with me in opinion 
I ought not. 

Wherefore inclosed I send you a Bond to be Executed by 
you to me, for the Said Sum, bearing Interest, which be pleased 
to Execute before Two Witnesses of good Credit, whose hands 
are known in this place ; and send it down to some f reind of yours 
here, to whome I shall deliver up your Note, on his delivering 
to me that Bond. I have not inserted a day of payment in the 
Bond, not doubting your payment thereof, assoon as Conveniently 
you can do it; and I am sure it is far from my inclination to 
straiten you to do it sooner, being very Sincerely your faithfull 
freind and Servant 

G: CLINTON 
To WILLIAM JOHNSON Esq r . 



FROM CONRAD WEISER* 
A. L. S. 

Philadelphia february, the 8 1750/51 
KIND SIR 

I take this Opportunity to acquaint you that I undertooke a 
Journey to the Indians of the 6 united nations at the request of 
the Governor of pensilvania to give them a Small present to 
Signyfy to them that this Government do condole with them for 
the loose of Canasakgo and others, according to the Custom of 
that people, the Kindness I received from your hand meself and 

1 Official interpreter of Pennsylvania. 



318 Sir William Johnson Papers 

% 

good report of you, gives me room to ask your advise in time 
about the matter. Whether you think best that I should go quite 
to Onondago or meet the Indians at your house (in their way to 
Albany to met the Governor of New-york) or in Albany, and 
whatever you advise to be best I will do, the goods for that 
purpose I shall pay at your Store and must therefore desire you 
to provide Such as will Suit best. I think I shall want to the 
value of about one hundred pounds, I am not Sure whether the 
Governor of pensilvania or any Comissioners will Come to the 
next treaty at Albany, because the affair lies yet before the house 
of the Representatives of this province and their answer will 
determine the affair. 

Our good friend Col 1 Lee 1 the president of Virginia died 
in October last before he received my Journal and report I made 
to him from my Journey to Onondago. which I think is a very 
great lost to us as he was a man who had the Indians affairs much 
at heart, as well as the good of the public in General. I hope 
the dead of that great and good man in those affairs will not dis- 
courage you in your negotiations about the peace between ours and 
the Southern Indians he that will succeed him will no doubt 
folowing the formers Steps, as it is a thing of great Importance to 
the Back Inhabitants of Pensil ia . Maryland and Virginia, and I 
Can assure you that this Government will do all what lies in their 
power to assist in the whole affair. After my hearty Salutation 
to you I Subscribe meself with Sincerity Sir 

Your very humble Servant 

CONRAD WEISER 

P. S. I beg the favour of you to let my Brother in law 
Nicklas Pickert know of my Coming my time is so Short I Cant 
write to him 

ADDRESSED : To Col 1 Will m : Johnson 
at Mount Johnsons 
in the County of Albany 
Forwarded by His Excellency Gov r Clinton. 



1 Thomas Lee, born about 1 702, died in 1 750. 



Period of Peace, 1 7 49-1 7 55 319 

FROM WARREN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

Waterjord Feb* 14* 1750/1 
D R BRO: 

the last letter I wrote you was about a Month ago, inclosed to 
M r Baker which I hope will get Safe to your hands as it Men- 
tioned a little of our Family affair's, & by the time you'll get this 
you'll receive Several letter's from my Father, Bro: & Friends 
in this Country, by M r Mathew Ferrell, who was obliged to give 
up Buissness & advised by our Friends in the County Meath to go 
to you for your protection & hope you'll shew him some Counte- 
nance upon her Account. She's now Settled with my Father & 
Sir Peter Allowe's her 20 a year. My Dear Brother I do 
assure you nothing can give me a more real happiness in this 
World than to hear often from you, & believe me you have my 
constant prayers for your Welfare & prosperity, as we can't be 
so fortunate as to see one another, Sure nothing can equal the joy 
of hearing often from one's dearest friend, but long is the time 
since I had a Line from you. I now send a Duplicate as I fear 
you have not receiv'd what letter's I wrote you. I shall inclose 
them to M r Baker & derect them to be forward'd to you by M r 
John Watts at N: York which is according to your desire 
in about two Months we shall have a ship from here to Phila- 
delphia, by which I hope to send some Map's & things to you 
I am just return'd from Smithstown where I have been for five 
days to see my friends, who are very well thank God my bro: 
Jack is Removing to Warrenstown with his little Family to Settle 
by Sir Peter's desire who I hope will be a Good friend to him, 
he's return'd from London but two Months where he has been 
about Sir Peter's Affairs : so that at Smithstown my Father has 
with him my Sist rs Ferrell Fanny & Policy & I have given them 
all the advice in my power to study his will & be a Comfort to 
him in his old age. I thank God I never saw him in better Health 
& Spirits. Your letter which he has rec d has added much to 
them. I had a letter yesterday from Capt. Tyrrell who intended 



320 Sir William Johnson Papers 

* 

Sailing for Antigua, as a Passenger in seven days after that. We 
expect Sir Peter here in April I hope he'll Come & wish he may 
do Something for the two unmaried Girls. Jack is to hold all 
Warrenstown at 280 a year in Lieu of my Fathers part of it 
he gives a 1 00 yearly which is better for him. As for my own 
part I am likely to Continue as I am peaceable times, no money ; 
Interest, nor friends Consequently can't expect to rise. Sir Peter 
is to be sure is the Best of friends & I am for ever bound to him 
for his Goodness to me. but I believe he will not ask any favour 
of this Ministry nor can I hope he'll purchase for me, which is the 
only way now to get preferment. I might the other day be Major 
to the Reg'. I am now in if I had had but a 1 000 & Sir Peter 
to say one word in it which woud be a fine prospect for a Young 
fellow of my year's, but I sincerely wish for a War to be some 
thing More or not in this Life I fear I have quite tired you. so 
must Conclude by wishing you Success in all your undertakings 
& pray to God to preserve you to be a greater honour to your 
friends I am my D r Bro 

your's Most Affectionately 

WARREN JOHNSON 

Duplicate 

COL. JOHNSON 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 
A. Df. S. 

[February 21, 1750/f] 

[May it Please Your Excellency] 

I am not at all Unmindfull of the Kindness [ 
me in lending me that Sum on my bare note without Interest, 
than which nothing (but the Injustice done me) could have drove 
me to that necessity as I belive your Excellency may be sensible 
of. I Assure Y u . S r . it was my intention (at the time I borrowed 
S d . Sum) to repay it with thanks out of the first Money I rec d . 
from the Treasurer, as Y r . Exc?. may Judge by my leaveing the 
Warrants there but as thy have so unexpectedly & shamefull 



, 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 321 

allowed so Inconsiderable a Sum for discharging the many Debts 
I've Contracted on Ace", of the Province, by y r . orders I was 
oblidged to draw for it to Stop their Daily Dunning me. As 
Nothing Else, I assure You S r . could have Induced me to draw 
for Said Money out of y r . Hands, I hope Y r . Excellencey will 
Judge of it in a more favorable light, than I find You have [and 
not insist on my executeing a Bond, uA I will with pleasure do 
if Your Excellence^ Continues to think this *] and pleass to accep 1 
the Inclosed Order on the Treasurer [for Sufficient is above two 
Years due, As I belive Y r . Excelley may remember there was the 
Sum of 2138 ordered me I Rec d . 646 out of that, so there 
rem*. of S d . Sum besides Interest the Sum Mentioned in the 
Order] which I expect. He will pay on demand being above 2 
Years Since it was allowed me but if not, and Y r . Excellencey 
should still Insist on my giveing a Bond I will do it. I find there 
is an Act passed for preventing any person whatsoever to Sell any 
Indian Merchandize liable to Dutys to any Indians w l . soever, & 
even to Christians (except what is requisite for their Family s Use) 
without paying Dutys, as well as if Sent to Osswego. 2 That is 
what I made bold to acquaint Your Excellc?. of Some time ago, 
& was in hopes it would not pass, from the Assurances You were 
pleased to give me [I] must beg leave to Assure Your Excel- 
lencey there nev[ ] so disagreable to the [ ] 
much more so to the Indians who must [ ] in generall. 
it is always the [ ] that goods are too dear, but how 
much [ ] so now [ ] Excellencey to 
Judge. I am w th . great respect [ ] 
Y r . Excellenceys Most 

Obed'. Humble Serv*. 

WJ: 
To Gov R . CLINTON. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Febry. 21 st 1 750/1 

to Gov r . Clinton 



1 Words in italics and within brackets are erased in original manuscript. 
2 See Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:750. 
11 



322 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
L. S. 1 

<Fort George, 20* March /750[//]> 
S* 

Yours of 21" Fe b T I receiv d by <Cap< Stoddert,> and am 
to acquaint you that the Treasurer accepted your Order to pay 
it in two Months. I should be glad to know to whom I should 
return your Note. I can not help saying that I thought it some- 
thing extraordinary that you should recall the Money out of my 
hands, after you had engaged to pay me out of the first Money 
that you did receive from the Treasury, and believe you will be of 
the same Opinion; But by your last Letter I am fully convinced 
of the pressing necessity that obliged you to do it, and am very 
well satisfied. 

As to the Act passed this last Sessions, for laying a Duty 
upon all Goods sold from Albany to Oswego, it was brought to 
the Council the very last Act and so hurried on, that I but just 
saw it before it passed, 2 and as there was no Objections to it by 
either the Schenectady or Albany Members and you not present 
(to which and only which I attribute all the ill Treatment offered 
to you by the Assembly, notwithstanding so many repeated 
Sollicitations) was the occasion of it's passing; But if you can 
prevail on those Members to move next Session for an Amend- 
ment or Alteration of that Clause, which is so detrimental to 
<the Indians, it> shall readily have my assent and Assistance. 

I flattered myself that you would <have^> continued the 
Management of Indian Affairs, at least, till I had the pleasure of 
seeing you at the next meeting at Albany, notwithstanding the 
Assembly's curtailing your Accounts (which I assure you, I did 
my utmost to prevent, even to my own Detriment. For if you will 
recollect I always paid all Accounts or Allowances charged by 
you, without objecting to any one Article; and those sent home 



1 Body of letter in handwriting of John Ayscough. 

2 November 24, 1 750. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 323 

were likewise allowed of, without any deduction to you; while 
my own were cut short by some Thousand Pounds from the Gen- 
eral Account, that I can not say from any particular. This I 
hope would have induced your continuance, which if not it must 
greatly embarrass me till Commissioners can be appointed for 
that Service. I am, S r 

your very humble Servant 

G. CLINTON 
The HON BLE W M . JOHNSON Esq r . 

ADDRESSED: To Will m Johnson Esq r . 



FROM SAMUEL CRAMER 
A. L. S. 

Nev> York March the 20th 1750/51 
SIR 

The return of my Friend Capt: Stoddard, furnishes me with 
the opportunity of Paying my respects to you, by whom, I was 
agreably informed you were well, our being under Sailing orders 
for England makes it a matter of uncertainty wither I may have 
the pleasure of seeing you, at the ensueing Congress : which would 
be of a verry singular satisfaction to me. I hope the favour I 
herein sollicit as my acquaintance with you is verry recent, will 
not seem impertinent, at Least I flatter myself from the general 
charrecter of your Inclinations to oblige & the Civilities I experi- 
enced in my short stay with you it will not. a Friend of mine in 
England whose Turn is a good deal to Curiositys desires I may 
bring him some from these Parts I remember when I had the 
pleasure of being at Mount Johnston you mentiond a piece of 
Ingenuity that rested with some of the Indians in your Neighbour- 
hood which was an excellence they Poss[ess]ed in carveing a 
true representation or figure of themselves in their Proper Hunting 
Habits & their Bodys &ct Decorated in a Warlike manner both 
Sexes in their Different apparells if it is in your Power to help 
me to & Emblem of that kind in both Sexes within a moderate 



324 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



purchase you will extremely oblige me with my Sincere wishes 
for your Health & Happiness I am Sir 

Your Most Humble Serv 1 

SAMUEL CRAMER 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 

Df. 

[Mount Johnson, March 29, 1751] 

[May it Please Your Excellency] 

I rec d your Excell ? 8 . favour of the 20 th Curr 1 by [ ] 

Stevens. & am glad to find therby that your Excellent in a 
fair way of being paid that Sum you were pleased to advance 
me. w\ should have been done long ago had I common Justice 
done me. If your Excell ?. will but recollect, w*. you were 
pleased to acquaint me in y rs . of the 20 th . Novb r . last conscerning 
Commiss. my giveing up the Ind n . Affairs will then appear 
reasonable to You, for I am sure I Judged by what you then 
wrote me y l . you would Imediately appoint Commiss rs , By y r . 
Excellc? 8 . laying so much weight, on y e . the payment of my Acc ts . 
w th . out objection, it seems as if you suspected me, w h . I should 
be glad to know. I assure you Sir, it gives me no small Satis- 
faction to hear from Home, y*. all my Acct 8 . were allowed of 
w lh . out objection, & such of yours as were vouched by me, As 
to endeavour to prevail w th . y e . Albany or other Members to alter 
y l . Act so prejudicial as well to y e . Inhabitants of the County, as 
to y e . Indians, as y r . Excell ?. advises, I must say, I dont think 
it is my business at present, as I have nothing further to do w th . 
them, any more then I should be Extremely glad to see y m . made 
easy in y l . point w* 1 . so sours their temper as to make y m . Very 
uneasy to all their Neighbours if it ends there we may be glad 
of it. Your Excell c y. may (when you receive that Sum) inclose 
y e . Note in a letter, to me if you think proper, & y e . overplus 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 325 

please to order to be paid to M r . Hennerry Hansen Merch*. there 
whose recp*. shall be Sufficient for y c . Same. I have a Consider- 
able large Ace". ag st . your Excell c y. for y c . many disbursem ts . 
made on Acc tl . of the five Nations since Novb r . 1 748 together 
w*. y e . Expence of sending Arent Stevens to Oswego w th . a 
Cargoe of Goods as a present for y e . forreign Ind s . in our Interest, 
by y r . Excellcy 8 . orders, vA I expected should have been deducted 
out of that Sum otherwise I would have deliver'd in my Acc ts . 
before, the reason of my not sending it now is. my Clerk is not 
at Home, but shall send it soon, & hope y r . Excell c y. will please 
to pay it to s d . M r . Hanson. & as for my [ *] 

ll c y. who no doubt remembers [ ] which was, to 

Continue y e . Care of the Indians untill such [ ] Affair 

might be Settled att Home. w h . You said was then on the 
Carpet & that I should have my pay as Coll , continued so long, 
adding further that I should Act frugally, & wean the Ind 5 . from 
craveing so largely [ ] in the War. Which I realy 

have done, as much (& more) than any [ ] Else could 

have done, As will appear hereafter, the Bearer hereof [ ] 

french young Gentleman, Son of M r . De Quaneay an Eminent 
Merch*. in Canada, who has been for these 14 years past at 
Mississipi, & Ilinois from whence he came last fall by the way of 
Oswego, he has lived evfer] Since at M r . Lyddiu's whose wife 
is his Aunt, or near Relation, he have [ing] an Inclination to 
settle here, begged I would write a few lines, to acquaint Your 
Excell c y. of his resolution, hopeing to have Your Excellcy 8 . per- 
mission & protection, that thereby he may be enabled to follow 
Business* I am w*. all due regard Your Excellenceys 

Most Obedient Humble Servant 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Coppy of a letter to 

Gov r . Clinton dated 
March the 29*. 1751 



1 One or two lines missing. 



326 Sir William Johnson Papers 

TO CONRAD WEISER 
A. Df. 

[Mount Johnson, April 2, /75/ 1 ] 
[SIR] 

Your favour of the 8 th . of February I did [ ] receive 

Untill Yesterday, it was forwarded by Gov r . Clinton, the 
government of Pensilvania's resolution to Condole the Loss of 
Ca[nas]adego &ca is a well Judged thing, as it is a Cerimony 
always expected by the five Nations to be performed by Us, and 
what thy look much upon. As you are pleased to rely on my 
Judgement in that Affair I must Say I think that Ondaga would 
be the properest place as it would be more thought of there than 
any where Else & for Severall other reasons too tedious now to 
mention. Next to that, I think Albany will be the most suitable 
opertunity. as the Fire is extinguished at my house, that is, thy 
have no more Councils, or meetings held here, Since I have been 
oblidged to give up the Management of their Affairs, which I 
cant help hinting to You gives great Discontent to all the 
Natio[ns notwithstanding all the endeavours Iv'e used to recon- 
cile them to it. but I hope it will wear of by degrees. The chief 
reason I can assign for it is, their being thoroughly convinced of 
my inclination always to asist, & Serve them whatever was in my 
power & that even to the am*, of a verry considerable Sum, w h . 
I can find no likely hood of ever being reimbursed. I am heartily 



1 In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:619, in the remonstrance of the 
assembly to Governor Clinton, made October 9, 1 747, quoted in a repre- 
sentation of April 2, 1 75 1 , laid before the privy council by the lords of 
trade, is a comment on Johnson's contract for supplying the Oswego garri- 
son; p. 628, in a message laid by the governor before the assembly 
October 13, 1 747, quoted by the lords of trade, is a mention of Johnson's 
Indian influence; p. 638, in the representation of the lords of trade, is 
praise of Johnson; p. 672, 684, 685, 701, 702, in an abstract of the 
evidence in the books of the lords of trade relating to New York, are 
mentions of Johnson. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 327 

Sorry for the Loss of that worthy Man Coll . Lee, as I am con- 
vinced he had the [We]lfare of his Country much at heart, a 
Character ver[y f]ew here have a claim to (vA I [am] sorry 
for). 

| As to bringing ab*. a peace between the Southern Indians, and 
Six Nations, I can (without ostentation) assure you I brought 

: the latter so farr as left me not the least room to doubt of Success, 
but now their tempers are so Sowered w** this change, that all 

I endeavours that way, I fear will prove abortive. I look upon 
y r . kind proposal of purchaseing the goods att my Store, as an 
Instance of y r . good will towards me w h . I am much oblidged to 
you for. If at any time I can render You any Service here, 
please to command me, who am w th . Sincerity. 

PS: I have wrote M r . Nich 8 . Pickard a few lines Yesterday 
to acquaint him of your comeing but could not tell him the time 
To CONRADT WEISER Esq r . 
In Pensilvania 



FROM JAMES J. ROSS 

L. S. 

New York: Ap: 11 24: 1751 
S. 

I am favour'd with Yours of the 26 th of March wherein you 
say that in my last there was so many Accusations against you, 
I can assure you S r ., I never had the least reason to accuse you 
of any nor I believe any man Else, but suppose you might have 
given to much Ear to Adems who shows himself to be a wicked 
leying fellow, having wrote down to taylor to see if he could get 
him to deny what he told him, so that if you please to Examine 
him & desire to see Taylors Answer which he has wrote up by 
John Cunnun Hatter in Skenectedy on seeing it you [ ] 

find he insists on his having told him, what I w[rote] you, & 
further Adems told Said Taylor he would soon s[ee] it to 
be true by your appointing of another, so that comeing about 



328 Sir William Johnson Papers 

as he said you may think gives persons unacquainted with the 
affair Room to think what he said was true, & as for Adams 
telling you that I was very indifferent whither I [ ] your 

Buissness or not he never could see my Indiff [erence] nor no 
man Else for I can assure you to the Contrary] for I 
would have Ventured my own fortune to s[ ] You 

by Day or Night & would do it still as there is no man I Value 
more I always Endeavoured to do your Bussiness in the most 
effectuall way therefore how could Adems frame so rash a Judg- 
ment, but as for M r Ferrals telling you of my Indifference it's 
far from that, that he told me you had promissed it to him self 
being a relation of yours, I told him if that was the Case you 
might if you pleased give it to him if you thought him a fit person 
or to any one else you thought proper. Sime time Since M r 
Farrel apply ed to me (on his hearing you were going to Employe 
M r . Hanson) to write you in his favour but as I could not think 
him a fit P r son made mee defer it. Inclosed you have Extract 
of the Ball e due me y e 2 nd . of July last & of your New 
Ace* There is due me on the whole 230 1 s 8J/2 on Exams, 
it if you should find any Error please let me know and shall 
Imediately rectify it. I have a large sum of Money to pay if 
you can conveniently send me the Ball 6 now or against 
the Middle of May you'll much oblige me, & as you see by the 
Ace 1 there is 38 J/4 H old Coat Beaver in my hands please let 
me know if I shall deliver it to M r Hanson, or to whom else 
P[leas]e send me down a Receipt in full of all Acco ts . you 
send the Ballance & I shall on Receiving the Ball 6 send 
you a Receipt in full I likewise Inclose you the News papers, 
my Wife Joyns in Service to You & am S r 

Your Friend & most Humb 1 . Serv* 

JAMES J Ross 

PS 

I likewise Inclose you Adams's Account with the costs of th< 
account till now 



Period of Peace, / 749-1 755 329 

According to Your order to M r Miller, [ ]s he writes to me 
y e debt being 21 15 

Cost of Court 436 

till now 



besides the 25 411 

Sheriffs Milage 

ADDRESSED: To Coll W m Johnson at Mount Johnson in 
the County of Albany 



FROM ROBERT SANDERS 1 
A. L. S. 

[Albany, Map 8, 7757] 
[SIR] 

When you was here last Maj : Van Der Heyden was up at the 
Carrying place, and on his Return home Came and told me that 
the Onagonque Indians 2 was or had Been there at his house, 
In quest of an Answer w ch : they Did Expect on Some wampen 
they had sent & as he says was sent to you the past winter, So S r : 
if you are in a Capacity to send them a Proper Answer thereon 
I think would not be amis, for they are a Treacherous Nation. 
He further added that they were Desireous to Come in and treat 
with us, I answered him that they might Freely Come to Towne 
to Trade, But that I knew of no Body that Could Treat with 
them, for for me to do it In Common Council is what we Cant 
do & Answer for, But when I went to Canada I had Private 
Instructions as You Know to acquaint all Indians freely to Come 
here on w ch I told Maj : Van Der Heyden to tell them that they 
might freely Come, He Desired me to Communicate this to you 
as I thought it might perhaps be Prejudicial to the Country if did 



1 Robert Sanders was mayor of Albany from October 15, 1750 to 
1754. 

2 Abenakis. 



330 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



not therefore Bag you to Excuse my freedom Assure you I am 
with my hearty Regards for you & all Yours Hon'd, Sir 
Your Hearty well wisher and 

Most Obliged Servant 

ROB T : SANDERS 

P: S. M r Joh 8 . Brat was here yesterday at my House and 
told me would not Deliver me the Indian Boy Unless I Secured 
him or paid him the money he had paid for him w ch . I believe 
to be but Little if I may Credit people w ch . I would not or Could 
not do, So that I have acquainted his Excellencey thereof who I 
Doubt not But will soon make him Repent his Breach of promise. 



FROM ARENT STEVENS 

L. S. 

Schoneciady 8 th . Map 1751 . 

SIR 

According to your disire I stopt Hendrick the Indian yesterday 
morning and keept him here, and examined him who was the 
Owners of that Land which you have a Inclination to Buy, 
And Beg'd he would tell me the truth as you would not have 
any disputes after you had Bought it. I told him if the Oneyde's 
Indians were owners of the said Land, he must tell me so, and he 
should be paid for his Giving me his Advice about it, he sayes 
the Oneyde's has no pretentions to the said Land, as they made 
a Division when the Big Flats were Sold, 1 so he declares that the 
Canajoharies Indians are the right Owners of the said Land, 
and there cannot be any dispute about it, he sayes he wishes to 
have the Bargain made as soon as possible, I told Hendrick to 
send to Scoharee for Seth, and likewise for Sonewesie that we 
may meet at your House as soon as possible : that they may make 
an end of the Affair, before I go to Call the five nations down ; 



x july 27, 1661. See A History of the Schenectady Patent, by 
Jonathan Pearson, p. 9-12. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 331 

I think it will be proper to send a string of waumpum by Hendrick 
to Invite down the Sachims of his Castle to your House, and I 
shall be ready to wait on you on the first Advice thereof, 
I am with Great respect Sir 

Your most hum ble . Serv*. 

ARENT STEVENS 

ADDRESSED: To Col: William Johnson 
at Mount Johnson 



FROM RICHARD SHUCKBURGH 
A. L. S. 

[New York, May 14, 1751] 

[SIR] 

Since my last there are Vessells arriv'd from England, which 
bring an Ace 1 of the Prince of Wales's * Death universally 
lamented his Son the Eldest Prince is now thirteen years old the 
Stationed Ship to Relieve Cap*. Roddam will be the Centaur 
comanded by Cap*. Pye or Cosby M rs . Murrays Bro thr . the 
Struggle being between them: the Assembly is prorouged to y e 
28 th . instant, I beleive, as the Gov r . has not much news from home 
relating to this Province particularly concerning Indians: I have 
heard by the by that the Lords of Trade have not made their 
Report to the Council concerning y e Colonies as yet Certifi- 
cates are all paid a Comission is made out for Lieut Ogilby 
from Gibraltar in [Exchang]e w th . L*. Cleland I suppose 
[ ]ound there L*. [ ] expected every Day here, 

has Exchanged [ ] Another L*. in the Room of 

Poor Harve [ ] w lh his family I forgot his Name 

M[ ]d here are like to be Accomodated between 

the [ ] our Primier afraid of a great fall tho 

] appen he may be let down softly. Th*s 



1 Frederick Lewis, father of George Third. 



332 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



[ ]k nothing has transpir'd from y e ffort Cap 1 . 

Ruthe[rford's] family are going home in Cap*. Roddam who 
will I suppose carry Kennedys Pamphlet I see nothing New in 
it being hardly any thing but a Repetition of y r . Letters, if I 
remember, of the Present State of the Indians wrote to the Gov r . 
& lay'd by him before the Council of this Province & sent home. 
I can only repeat to you that it will be your interest to come 
down when the Assembly sits all [ *] Roberts & Dr 

Colhoune 2 [ ] likewise is our Chaplain Parson 

Oram 8 [ ] to speak any thing to y e Gov r about my 

[intended?] Office while you & he are not Determin'd in what 
fo[rm] our Indian affairs are to be Settled. If you should 
incline to be Sole Agent or Commissary or by whatever Title the 
King chooses to annex to such an Officer I shoud be glad to be 
Secretary to such Commission & if approved of by Gov r . Clinton 
wou'd go home when he pleas'd to let me & Sollicite the Appoint- 
ment for us both agreable to M r . Kennedys Scheme but not 
without Y r . Advice Directions & joint Remonstrance I can say 
no more at ^ sent but Defer till I can viva voce tell you my mind 
relating to all matters: I wish You cou'd come down before the 
Gov r . goes to Albany & finish y r money Matters w th . the Assem- 
bly I really beleive it practicable y r . Absence before being the 
reason as the alledge of y r . being curtaild in y r . acc ls . 

I have nothing to add but [ ] health & Success 

in all y r . Concerns being as ev [ ] friend & [ ] 

R SHUCKBURGH 



1 One or more lines missing. 

2 Alexander Colhoun was surgeon of the New York regiment. 

8 James Orem was commissioned chaplain of the New York regiment 
June 25, 1751. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 333 

FROM JOHN AYSCOUGH 
A. L. S. 

Fort George [May 18, 1751] 
[SIR] 

His Excellency orders me to acquaint you that he has sent 
Circular Letters to all the Members of the Assembly to meet 
upon Business the 28 th Instant. And as he purposes to recom- 
mend the payment of the several Deductions made in the Pro- 
vincial Accounts, Therefore desires that you will come down or 
send what Accounts you have (especially that for disburstments 
to the Indians since Nov br 1748) but would much rather you 
would come your self, for it is impossible for him to know from 
what article they Deduct or for what reason, which was you 
present, you probably would make a clear demonstration to them 
of the necessity of such charges. 

Your Petition, for those Lands round the Lake Canumda, 1 
is granted. But his Excellency did not think it would look well 
for the other Petition for self & Comp: for the Hundred thou- 
sand, to have both been brought in at one time, for his Exellency 
has not had a Council for Lands till Thursday last since the 
receipt of your Letter of 8 th April I am S r 

Your most Obedient Serv* 

J AYSCOUGH 

ADDRESSED: On His Majesty's Service 

To The Honourable William Johnson Esq r , 

at Mount Johnson 
To the Care of L< Miller 

at Albany 
3$ Cap* Hogan 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: May 18 th . 1751 



1 "About two miles distant from the Onondaga castle," Calendar of 
York Colonial Manuscripts, Land Papers, p. 261 ; see also William 
L. Stone, The Life and Times of Sir William Johnson, 1 :405-6. 



334 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 1 
A. L. S. 



SIR 



Ner York May the 18 th : 1751 



I have received your Favour of the 6 th . Instant before the 
Receit of which D r Ayscough brought me a Memorandum for a 
Pet n . in your Name Tho s . & Jn. Butler for a Lycense to pur- 
chase the Lake Canunda and 4000 @ of the Lands around it 
which I prepared and has been since laid before the Council & 
granted and if I can get the Lycense signed before this goes (the 
Governor being gone this Morning in a Party of Pleasure) I 
shall inclose it otherwise send it by the first Opportunity. The 
Reason of the Lycense being to purchase 6000, is that you must 
purchase one fourth more than you patent. As to the Bound- 
aries of this Land altho with out any Difficulty the Lycense has 
been obtained yet it is very probable you will not be able to 
obtain a Patent for the Lands about the Lake exactly in the 
Manner you would take them up It being directly repugnant 
to the Kings Instructions to grant Lands extending thus along the 
Banks of a River (and it's likely this being a Lake will not 
be esteemed an essential Difference) because the Lands back of 
them would by that means be less valuable & more inconvenient 
for Settling. 

As to the other Lands you would purchase I prepared a Draft 

1 Goldsbrow Banyar was born in London in 1 724, came to this country 
in 1 737, it is said, and in 1 746 was made deputy secretary of the prov- 
ince, deputy clerk of the council and deputy clerk of the supreme court. 
Later he was register of the court of chancery, judge of probate and 
examiner in the prerogative court. At the outbreak of the Revolution he 
retired to Rhinebeck. Royalist in feeling, he maintained an attitude of 
neutrality, and appears to have suffered but slightly at the hands of the 
victorious party. After the war he removed to Albany, where he was 
active in public concerns, and from 1 802 to 1 805 was a warden of St 
Peter's Episcopal Church. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Abraham 
Mortier. Mr Banyar died November 4, 1815, Doc. Rel to Col Hist. 
N. y., 8:188-89 and A History of St Peter's Church in the City of 
Albany, by Rev, Joseph Hooper. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 335 

of a pet n . agreeable to your directions 1 and (as is usual) 
acquainted the Governor with it But he would not have it pre- 
sented then because two Pet 8 , in your Name on the same Day 
would not look well. And if you were to follow the Custom in 
such a Case, your 2 d . pet'n should be in the Names of some 
Friends in Trust for you and in whom you can confide to recon- 
vey the Lands when patented. It is also necessary (perhaps not 
absolutely so) to incert the Names of all the parties to be con- 
cerned, the Contrary has been practised sometimes but after the 
purchase made it is without doubt necessary to incert their Names 
when you Petition for a Patent. I may probably receive your 
directions on these Points before the next Council Day, if not I 
shall venture to present it as now drawn unless his Exc?. would 
have it otherways. And if in the mean time you can obtain any 
further or better description of the Lands pray send it. I dont 
very well understand "All the Lands on both sides or Shores 
of said Creeks " seeing only one Creek mentioned, unless you 
mean the Branches of that Creek. You will hardly obtain these 
Lands extending along the Banks of the Creeks & River as you 
mention. Perhaps the obtaining Patents for these Lands may 
be of so much Advantage as that you'd not think the Time 
in coming down to sollicit them yourself mis-spent, your presence 
may greatly facilitate the Matter. The Lands you purchase 
must be surveyed by the Surveyor General or his Deputy in the 
presence of the Indians and the Boundaries fncerted in the deed 
in their presence. An Interpreter must be Sworn, by a Justice of 
the Peace to be also present, & the purchase Money or other 
Consideration must be paid in the presence of the Surveyor or his 
Deputy & the Justice And Certificates of all this endorsed and 
signed on the Back of the Deed. 

your most obed't hble Servant 

G w BANYAR 

ADDRESSED: To Collonell William Johnson at Mount Johnson 
in the Mohawks Country in the County of Albany. P fav r . 
of M r . Farrell. 



Calendar of Land Papers, p. 261. 



336 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM BENJAMIN STODDERT 

A. L. S. 

Oswego May y. 20 th . 1751 
DEAR SIR 

I flatter myself you'll not take it Amiss my not sending these 
Packs to you, as I engaged my word to send them to New York, 
to One of the Gentlemen I had my Goods from last Year who 
was Pressing for the Payment; and as the Price of Furrs, now 
are too high for Shipping Home hope it will be no Disadvantage 
to you to wait a Short time Longer, for Believe me if I had not 
been Obliged to ingage sending my first Packs to New York you 
should have had the Preference to any Man Living; I however 
hope to send you Eight or Ten Packs of Beaver in a Fortnight 
or Three Weeks at furthest which I have Strong Assurance of in 
Several Letters Rec d . since here. 

I wrote some time agoe for some Goods to be sent me from 
New York such as Ginghams Curtain Calicoes Handkerchiefs 
&c which I have a demand for, and desired they might be sent up 
to you for me, and as soon as they are come (which I hope will 
be by the time you get this) must begg the favour of you to send 
them up by Clement who has agreed to bring up a Battoe for 
Paul Combs & me who has wrote down for half a Battoe of 
Rum and for the Other part of the Freight of the Battoe thats 
wanting after Pauls Goods and mine (that comes from New 
York) Please to send me one Bagg of Bread a Bagg of Flower 
and the Rest in Rum so as to Compleat the Freight and hope by 
the return of the Battoe that brings them Goods up to send you 
some Packs, I having now near Two by me besides what I send 
down 

There has been but very little Trade as yet, I however have 
the pleasure to acquaint you that Albert Van Slyck has Traded 
since my arrival here about Six Packs, and has behaved himself 
much better then he has done since he has been here this Time. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 337 

I have no News to acquaint you but sincerely wish you health 
and Prosperity and am Most Respectfully 
D r . Sir 

Your most Obliged Hum 1 . Ser*. 

B. STODDERT 
P:S: 

L: Clement will deliver you 5 Bear Skins & some Blanketts I 
send down for Covering, the Blankets will serve to Come up 
again with the Battoe between Combs & me 

B: S: 

ADDRESSED: To The Hon ble . William Johnson Esq r . 
at Mount Johnson 



FROM JOHN B. VAN EPS 
A. L. S. 

Schenectady 24 May 1751 

I feayried 1 M r Henry Phillips according to Act and Send 
also the in Closed bills and y e 2/ ^ s w h : the Negro Boay 
brought Me for your honears farrey I hope y e or Yours will 
never pay me a penny for the Same for I Cannot Shee howe 
Ever I Can Make Sathisfaction D r . S r . I hope your honear will 
not teake it a Miss So I Conclude with harty wishes and Remain 
Y r Most Humble 

Sarvant 

JN B V EPS 

P S Henry Phillips 
did not Send it thill 
know 

ADDRESSED : To The Honearble Coll : William Johnson 

at Mount Johnson 



Ferried? 



338 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM THOMAS BUTLER 



A. L. 3. 



SIR 



Osrvego May 29*. 1751 



Your favour I rec d . Yesterday together with the Goods Sent 
me by Johne. but I fear they are come to a bad Markett We 
have had but one Atowawa Cannoe here this year What 
hinders their Coming I cant lern but that the new French Fort 
at Nigra will stop much of this Trade is Certain. As they have 
all Sorts of Goods & have orders from the Gov r . of Cannada to 
Sell Cheap. 

I have taken perticular Notice of Nanneys Shapes & I cant 
find the Several doses you Gave hir has in the least altered hir 
I understand that She has a mind to See you and try the Experim'. 
over again. As to M r . Groenendycks pretending to be My 
Rival I fear him the least of any Man. Espesily as he is now 
with Swelled legs Creeping about like a man of Ninety nine I 
understand there is some talk of my Fathers being removed to 
York, but hope you'l be his Frind as formerly. I hertily wish 
you all that Heven can bestow & am with all Respect Sir 
Y r . Most obed'. Hum bl Ser". 

THO S . BUTLER 

Johne desires his 
Complements to you 

ADDRESSED: To The Honb le . William Johnson Esq r . 

att Mount Johnson 



SIR 



FROM LE CHEVALIER DE ST LEGER 
A. L. S. 

City Hall N. York June 18*. 1751. 



I am very sorry I did not heard Sooner of your arrival to N. 
York, I should had the Honour to write to you sooner; I under- 
stand by the Boy that gave you my Letter, that you have tak< 



Period of Peace, 1 7 49-1 7 55 339 

in Consideration my misfortunes, and what engages me to take 
the Liberty to send you this Letter, & the News Paper, in order 
that you might See a true Idea of my affair, if the Persons that 
it Concerns had not fund it so, they would have it Contradicted ; 
I heard that severall Governors should meet at Albany with his 
Excellency Clinton, if you would be so good to do me the favour 
to lay my Case before them, I am persuaded they would have 
Compassion of my hard situation I can't think that the English 
Laws permit to put a stranger in Prison without reason, and there 
to lett him perish of misery, not alowing him so much as bread 
& water; if the under shriff had not taken compassion of me, I 
should actualy starved. I hope Sir you'll do me the favour to 
represent my Case to them Gentlemen, and I shall for ever be 
obligated to you, since I have the honour to be with due Con- 
sideration Sir 

Your most humble 

and obed 1 . Servant 

LE CHEVAIA DE S T . LEGER 



THE SIX NATIONS AND JOHNSON 1 
D. 

At a Council held at Albany the 2 d day of 
July 1751. 
Present 

His Excellency the Hon ble . George Clinton 
Cadwallader Colden 
James Alexander 

The Hon ble . James De Lancey Esq r$ . 
Edward Holland 

The Six Nations haveing desired a private Conference with 
his Excellency, that they had something to say to him that was 
agreed to this morning in their Councils. 



1 Council Minutes, 21 :430-34. 



340 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



They were called in, and Hendrick their Speaker for that 
time spoke to the following purpose. 
Brother Corlear. 

As this is the place of consultation, we are now come to con- 
sult with regard to Coll. Johnson, we well remember that when 
the War broke Out, you recommended Coll. Johnson to the Six 
Nations, and told us that whatever private News there was, if 
Coll. Johnson told us, we might depend on it, as much as if we 
had it from your Excellency ; and it is not owing to us that Coll. 
Johnson was first recommended to us by your Excellency as a 
person for our information. We were very much shocked when 
Coll. Johnson sent a Belt of Wampum through the Six Nations, 
to Inform us that he declined acting any more with us, and it 
was the more Terrible, because he was well acquainted with our 
publick Affairs. We had in War time when he was Like a Tree, 
that grew for our use, which now seems to be falling down, tho 
it has many roots ; his knowledge of our affairs made us think him 
one of us (an Indian) and we are greatly afraid, as he has 
declined, your Excellency will appoint some person, a stranger 
both to us and our Affairs; and we give your Excellency this 
Belt of Wampum in order to raise up the falling Tree. 

We desire to have an answer to what we have said and that 
Coll. Johnson may be reinstated, for he has large Ears and 
heareth a great deal, and what he hears he tells to us ; he also 
has Large Eyes and sees a great way, and conceals nothing 
from us. 

A String of Wampum. 

Our fire is kindled at Coll. Johnson's, which fire is now a 
going out, and here they gave a string of Wampum to have the 
fire renewed. 

We desire his Excellency will be pleased to reinstate Coll. 
Johnson or else we expect to be ruined. 

They then desired his Excellency would be pleased to order 
their Guns, Hatchetts and Kettles to be mended, which was 
consented to. 



Period of Peace, 1 7 49-1 7 55 341 

They then desired his Excellency's answer to their speech 
relating to Coll. Johnson. 

At a Council held at Albany the third day of 
July 1751. 
Present: 

His Excellency the Hon ble . George Clinton 
Cadwallader Golden 
James Alexander 

The Hon ble . James De Lancey Esq 1 ^ 
Edward Holland 

After the Indians had made a publick condolence on the death 
of his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales and after his Excel- 
lency had condoled them upon the death of their Sachims, since 
the last time he had mett them in this place. He directed them to 
send in two or three of the principal Sachims of each Nation, to 
receive his answer to what they said yesterday relating to Coll. 
Johnson whereupon Eighteen of them came into Council, and 
his Excellency spoke to them in the following words. 

Bretheren 



Coll. Johnson's declining to continue in the Management of 
the Indian Affairs was against my Inclination, and his declining 
to assist me at this time, is unexpected to me, because he gave me 
reason to expect him in this place at this Interview, to assist me 
by his advice; but since he absolutely refuses to continue in the 
Management of your affairs, I cannot help it. You tell me that 
the first appointment of Coll. Johnson to manage your affairs, was 
not owing to you. but you found him afterwards very useful to 
you. Now since he refuses to continue, I must appoint some 
others. And you may depend upon it, I shall take all the care 
in my power to appoint proper persons for this service, who will 
have your Interest truely at Heart. A Belt of Wampum. 

You have the more reason to trust to me in this, since Coll. 
Johnson has been so carefull of you, tho his appointment was 
without any recommendation from you, I give this string to 



342 Sir William Johnson Papers 

remove all Jealousies on this Occasion. A String of 
Wamp[um.] 

I shall take care to light up a Fire for you, in some other 
place, to which you may freely resort, and be kept warm, and 
hear all the news that may any ways concern you; and where 
you may safely open your heads. A String of Wampum. 

To which the Six Nations answered, That the one half of 
Coll . Johnson belonged to his Excellency, and the other to them ; 
and since his Excellency could not prevail on Coll. Johnson to 
come down, they desired leave to send a Messenger with a string 
of Wampum to try what they could do ; to which his Excellency 
consented; provided it did not Occasion any unnecessary delay 
and they said they would send a person who should go sooner 
than a Horse. 



At a Council held at Albany the fifth day of 
July 1751. 
Present 

His Excellency the Hon b!e . George Clinton 
Cadwallader Golden 
James Alexander 

The Honourable James De Lancey Esq r$ . 

Edward Holland 

The Indian Messenger, whom His Excellency permitted the 
Indians to send for Coll. Johnson, having yesterday mett him on 
this side of Schnectady, on his way to this place, where he arrived 
Last night; he was now called into Council and his Excellency 
requested him to continue the Management of the Indian Affairs 
for that the Indians were very uneasy at his declining further to 
act therein. 

To which ColL Johnson answered to this purpose Vizt. That 
it was impossible for him to continue any longer in the Manage- 
ment of Indian Affairs, without a very great detriment, if not ruin, 
to him in his private Fortune, as well as a very great fatigue to 
his person. For that before the third day of November 1 748, 






Period of Peace, 1749-1755 343 

he had (of his private Fortune) advanced in the Management of 
Indian Affairs, and for the Supply of the Garrison at Oswego, 
after Others had declined supplying it, because of the War, to 
the Value of 7177. 3. 2%, of which the accounts had been 
from time to time duely sworn to by him, and delivered into the 
Assembly but they only made provision for the payment of 
5801 . 7. 4. thereof, so that there remains l 375. 1 5. 1 0% with- 
out any provision as yet made by the Assembly for the payment 
thereof, that he has never heard of any Objection made by the 
Assembly to his Accounts, nor of any reasons why the Assembly 
have from time to time delayed the makeing provision for the 
payment of the said 1375. 15. 10%. That of the 5801. 7. 4. 
which the Assembly have made provision for the payment of, and 
for which he had warrant on the Treasurer many years agoe, 
there remains 2404 as yet unpaid, tho often demanded, and tho 
he has good reason to believe, that the duties on the Trade to 
Oswego (the fund out of which the said Warrants are to be 
paid) are fully sufficient to pay all that is ordered to be paid out 
of them, and tho he is well assured that Warrants to others, of 
several years later date, upon the same fund, have been paid; 
nor has there ever been any provision made to compensate him 
for delay of payment after his advances. 

That on and since the third day of November 1748 at his 
Excellency's request, he has advanced of his own private Fortune, 
in the Management of the Indian Affairs, to the Value of 595. 
12. 8. as by an account sworn to by him (ready to be produced) 
of which he has received no part, nor does he know of any pro- 
vision made for the payment thereof. 

That it is impossible to continue in the Management of the 
Indian Affairs, without great advances, besides his own trouble, 
and as there is so much already in arrear to him, his further 
Continuance in that management, will increase those Arrears, 
without a Certainty of a Speedy payment. 

That he would be willing to do all the service in his power to 
this Government, in the matter proposed, were he enabled to do 



344 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



it, but from what is past he has no reason to depend on any thing 
from the Assembly for that purpose. 

The Council advised his Excellency to desire Coll. Johnson to 
continue in the Management of the Indian affairs, at least during 
the Continuance of the present Treaty with them, and that his 
Excellency would be pleased, on his return to England, to repre- 
sent to his Majesty the uncommon and great Sufferings Coll. 
Johnson has had in his Zealous Service of the Crown, the Losses 
he has sustained in his private Fortune thereby, and that suitable 
Recompense be given him, not only for the money he has ad- 
vanced, but Likewise for the great fatigue and dangers he has 
personally undergone in this service for which he has not made 
any charge in his Accounts. 

Afterwards His Excellency informed the Council, that he had 
Communicated the advice of the Council to Coll. Johnson and 
that he had promised to give all the assistance in his power during 
the present Treaty; but that he declined being sworn of the 
Council, as sitting as a Councillor, would occasion an Extraor- 
dinary expence on him, as the Indians would thereby imagine 
that he was continued in the Management of the Indian Affairs, 
and that he was enabled to perform the same on the publick 
charge. 



LETTERS TO AND FROM JOHNSON AND OTHER PAPERS 

In Doc Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:726, in a conference, of July 6-10, 
between Governor Clinton and the Six Nations, is a request of the Indians 
for Johnson's reinstatement as agent; p. 729, a letter of the 27th from 
Johnson to Clinton, giving intelligence of a French hostile movement 
toward the west; p. 729-30, a letter of July 10th from John Lindesay, 
at Oswego, to Johnson, with information of a French design; p. 730, a 
letter of July 19th from Benjamin Stoddert, at Oswego, to Johnson, 
regarding French purpose to attack western nations; p. 739-41, in Cad- 
wallader Colden's review, dated August 8th, of the state of Indian affairs, 
is a sketch of Johnson's relation to those affairs prior to his resignation of 
their control. In Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:623-24, is a letter of July 15th 
from John Lindesay to Johnson, conveying information of Indian defection 
and the landing of a French and Indian force at Niagara. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 345 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 
A. Df. S. 

[September 2, 7757] 

Yours of the 18 th . Ult. I had the honour of receiving] but 
Yesterday together with a letter of M r . Terrell's w h . I assure 
you Sir gave me no small uneasiness & as your Excellency put it 
out of my power (by desireing me not to lett him know any thing 
of it) to have what he said cleared up, or explained, I can say 
nothing more ab*. it than this that the last letter I had from M r . 
Warren was by Bryant wherein he does not even say a word of 
his comeing to these parts in any Shape, neither did M r . Ferrall 
or any Body Else ever see said letter since I rec d . it, so that I 
cannot account for his reason of writeing so, any more than it 
must be a Ridiculous Air he gave himself. w h . if I had liberty, 
should severely reprimand him for. I hope your Excellency will 
not doubt my veracity when I solemnly declare by all that is 
Sacred I never rec d . any Such letter from M r . Warren. I inclose 
you s d . letter again without any Bodys ever knowing any thing 
of it. also some Indian News Sent me by Cap*. Lindsay relateing 
some what to the French Army, of whom I have had later Acc tls . 
by a Mohawk Ind n . Come directly from Ohio, who says the 
French Commd*. of the Forces, finding those Ind ns . he expected 
would Join him by the way, not inclined to it altered his Scheme, 
and Sent part of the Troops back again, so proceeded with two 
or three Hundred French & Ind ns ., and as I can learn, is now 
resolved to bring about by Stratagem what he finds he could not 
by Violence, the Indians being all aprised of their comeing with 
such a Body, by my Message &ca. 

I am highly oblidged to your Excellency for the care you have 
taken in recommending my Affairs Home, and as You Judge it 
proper I should Still Sollicit the payment of my Acc tts . here. I 
shall attend when Your Excellencey is pleased to meet the 
Assembly, w h . I should be glad to know. 



346 Sir William Johnson Papers 

% 

I am with the greatest respect Imaginable Y r . Excelley 8 . Most 
Oblidged Humble Serv* 

W. J: 

My Compliments to M rs . Clinton & please to tell her I have 
got 3 fine Wood Ducks for her, & some Wild Turkeys, w h . I 
shall take with me, as I cant trust the Skippers. 

To Gov R . CLINTON 



FROM JOHN COLON 
A. L. S. 



o Sep[t] ember $ e 2 1751 
SIR 

I Hope you wil be so good as to Receve the pament for the 
Note within, Baring Equal Date with this Letter and oblidge 
your most Humbele Serv[a]nt 

JOHN COLON 
Sir 

I was Redy to Come Downe but Herd Sum News of Indiens 

ADDRESSED: To Coll: William Johnson 

at Mount Johnson 
P r favour M r Riner Minderse 



TO SAMUEL AND WILLIAM BAKER 

A. Df. 
[Mount Johnson, September 12, 1751 .] 

I hope 'ere now, you Have rec d . the 3 Hogsh d . [ 
Bever & two Bundles of Bears sent you by Rich ds . I now send 
you another Hogshead of Bever &ca by Richards also, together 
with 3 Casks of Gentian * Root weighing as ^ Invoice, w h . I 
wish Safe to y r . hands, and a good Market, /fathering the 



1 Ginseng? 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 347 

gentian Root has cost me vastly dear, being but scarce in these 
parts, I have had most of all the five Nations for these 3 Months 
employed to gett me about four Hogsheads. If thy do not fetch 
a great price there, it will not answer sending them. Our 
Neighbours the French buy 'em at a Monstrous Rate, pray let 
me know if possible, what I can afford to pay for them a pound 
here by the first opertunity otherwise I cannot venture to buy any 
more at the rate I have done. I would have you send one or 
two Casks of them to the Highest Market for a tryal, the rest 
you may sell In England at the best price you Can, if they are 
sold under 12 s a pound, I shall be a sufferrer.^j However leave 
that to your Management Inclosed is a Memorandum of some 
goods I shall Want as Early as possible in the Spring wherfore 
pray do not fail sending them. I shall send you by the next ship 
some more Bever & gentian. I have rec d . from M r . Cromelin 
of Amsterdam 712 fl of Kettles the Dearest, & worst made up 
of any ever come to these parts. The Amount is 579 . . 1 . . 
pray let the strowds, Gimps &ca be good. As I Expect to hear 
from you soon by Dean, shall deferr adding further than that I 
am, w th . much Esteem 

Gentlemen Y r . 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Coppy of a letter to 

Mess rs . Baker 

7 br 12* 1751 

by Jones 



348 



Sir William Johnson Papers 

GABRIEL SMETHURST'S INVOICE 
A. D. S. 1 



xQCN 



i \o GO CN "- * 



<NI ~- vO r> 



CO 



x . I 

cs csi CN en vn so 



11 



-g 

CC 



CO GO 



QN ^ i - Q\ Qs ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ C5 O ^D O O O ^ * 



Tl 



I 



jg-u g a 



so 



$ 



**. & ^QO: a 

& a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a a 



A fragment. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 



349 



GO 


ON ON ^"~ 


vQ vO 00 *"""" (N oO ^^ ^J" vO vO 


CN ON m 


CNCNCNCNCNNOmCN 


GO t^* li^l 

vO f^s 


** 


^ 1 


V co ** *fi 


a -5 


~ g, ^ _S 


1 


^ ^ QV* 

.fi-ijpC.S H,, CO 

|81 N 

> d, &Q | i g (N 

5 o> .S *" ^ 
^ .> p,. ^ w ^ 


^^CO 

w "S 

1 1 

fr] C 


oc^ 08 08 1 

a; CJ 

W5 Kn Kn <L) ^"^ 


^. 



(2 



a s 



g 



H 
o 





vO tx, GO 



. 

i^ vQ O 



-gdo 



"P-r 

V 






GO 



ts S 

m > 

^ J 



S 

2 

g 



A 



350 Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM JOHN ACKERMAN 
L. S. 1 

Osnego Sepr. 21 th . 1751 
HON D SIR 

I find my self under Such curcumstances That if not relived 
therefrom Shall in the End Greatly Suffer I know no person I 
can Apply to for redress but To Your Hon r . knowing its one of 
Your Great Caractars to help those in Need To Acquaint You 
in Short I was a Serj*. belonging To Major Clarks Compy. by 
whose leve I came here As Trader, & have allways indevered to 
behave so as to have the Good will of the offic r . here, whom 
allways Allowed me the privilidges of a Trader I cant Say I; 
am otherways used as Yet, but fear it wont continue long so. 
When Cap*. Mills & the Comm d . came here I was told y*. the 
Muster Marsters wou'd not Muster me any longer & that I wasj 
Struck of the Roll & a Serg*. put in my stead, I have heard Since 
Cap*. Mills Says I am Still to be on the Rolls as a Private man. 
I never disobeyed My Officer & Since it hath been thought 
proper to take the Halbert from me without Commiting a fault, 
Think it hard to make me Still Serve as a Private Centinell. 
When Cap*. Lindseay was here had his leve to Cure a Small 
Bundle of Hay in the orchard & to leve it there till I could Get 
a Conveniant place to put it in but before he left this I beged he 
would let Cap 1 . Mills know the Hay belonged to me. he asured 
me he had told him & that I might fetch it when I pleased. 
Accordingly I brot it from thence without acquainting Cap*. 
Mills. A few days after he was Vastly displeased at My bold- 
ness in so doing & was about Sending for me with a File man To 
put me in the Black Hole, but was preswaded therefrom by two 
of the Traders, if I Should be used in Such a Manner, I Should 
be dispised by the Traders & Meanly thought of by the Indians 
by whom I hope to Get a Small lively hood. I had thoughts of 
Going down to Get my discharge but as its now the Season of 



1 Letter in handwriting of Thomas Butler. 









Period of Peace, 1749-1755 351 

Trusting the Indians thats Going hunting & Some Small Trade 
of Messesagas day Expected fear'd my loss would be too Great 
to be absent. Wherefore Most Humbly beg the favour youl 
Get it for me & Cost what it will shall Thankfully Repay You. 
I have been told by one that My life will be made Very uneasy 
to me this Winter, which Gives Me & My wife Great uneasi- 
ness. I declare I never did the least thing to disoblidge Cap*. 
Mills unless the affair of the Hay. I pray you if posible to Get 
my discharge under My officers hand & convey it me as Soon 
as You Conveniently Can, & youl forever oblidge 
Your Hon". Most Dutifull Serv*. 

JOHN ACKERMAN 

ADDRESSED: To The Hon le . William Johnson Esq r . 

att Mount Johnson 
3$ Pat: Delany 



FROM JOHN AYSCOUGH 
A. L. 

Flat Bush 8 [Sep*. 7757] 
S. 

His Excellency having prorogued the Assembly to Tuesday 
the first of October has ordered circular letters to be sent to the 
Members, then to meet upon Business. He desires that you 
would come d[own] if possible, before that time, as he pur- 
post es] to recommend to them the payment of their Deductions 
of Provincial Debts, and particularly yours; He likewise desires 
you would recollect what passed in the Private Conferrence 
between you, the three Indians and himself (when you inter- 
preted to him for them; in the Passage at Albany) concerning 
the Lands granted to M r Barklay. 1 And as he has determined 



1 Concerning Mr Barclay's claim, see Doc. Rel. to Col Hist. N. Y., 
6:315 and Calendar of Land Papers, p. 241, 242, 243, 2<H. 



352 Sir William Johnson Papers 

* 

to stay here till next Year, he would be glad that you would put 
it into some Form, that he may think on a proper Method to 
recommend it to the House when they meet; for he has had 
Information from home, that there can be nothing done in it 
there till it has been discussed here first 1 



FROM JOHN SHIRL 
A. L. S. 

[September, 1751] 
[DE]AREST BILLY 

All my Letters before never rec d the least ans r hen[ce] I tease 
for one to the onely man I wish best, and am so delighted att the 
Several acc ts of Your honour and bravery with every other fine 
princible thats becomeing you is suffitent to prolong my days 
Your friends here are all in good health and be assur d . you are 
the hapiest in your Brother Jack Especially his wife who proves 
the fondest sister and the best of wifes deserves the greatest 
Esteem you can bestow on her My dear I Expected before now 
to be happy here with your many promises of Seeing poor Ireland 
but finds New York Ladys have a greater inflewence than Could 
be expected in this Contry of ours, I Cant tell whether your Con- 
dition be Changed or not if so Gods blessings attend in all your 
proceedings M r Tay with a great many more of us give their 
kind Compliments and hopes firmer ingadgements subsists, my 
dear Billy nothing in life could aford me greater satisfaction then 
the thoughts of Your Company here once more but fears Your 
Business in diferent Kingdoms destroys that hapiness propos d , 
my play fellow though not acquainted is equally in Your Esteem 
and believe me to be my dearest Compan n . Your Ever Loveing 

friend and most humble ser 1 

JOHN SHIRL 



1 Remainder of letter is mutilated. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 353 

Your Brother the Cap n promiss 8 to forward this to whome I 
am greatly oblidg d and expects your ans r directed to M r John 
Grace at y e red Lyon in Smithfield 



FROM JOSEPH DWIGHT 1 
A. L. S. 

<Stockbridge, Oct 13* I751> 
S* 

I take It for granted That S r Peter <Warren> has made 
you acquainted with his favourable opinion of The School Sett 
up In this Place for the Interest of the Mohawk Children and 
Others and of his Charitable Disposition towards It: I have also 
heard that you have your self manifested a well pleasedness with 
It and have taken pains with the Indians to persuade them to 
send their Children and take the advantage of It: as one con- 
cerned for their Good and as one among others appointed to take 
Some particular Care of the School I now thank you S r for all 
your past kind offices In this Affair: and supposing It may be 
agreable to you I now Inform you that the Gen 1 Court of this 
Province agreable to S r Peter's Desire have appropriated 700 
Sterling of his Donation to them (which they before his mind 
was known on this head had Destined to another Service) 
towards the Support of this School and with what The Cor- 
poration for propagating the Gospel among the Heathen & M r 
Holliss & other Benefactors have done. The Court have come 
into votes and orders for the plenary and ample Support of Two 
Schools one for the Boys another for the Girls and appointed a 
Com tee to manage and Conduct the Prudential of both and It 
is to be hoped That as soon as may be these Schools will be under 
the best Regulations to answer the worthy & good Ends pro- 
posed & I can't but hope and ask for your further assistance In 
Encouraging the Indians to send their Children and continue 



1 General Joseph Dwight, trustee of Indian schools at Stockbridge, 
Mass. 

12 



354 Sir William Johnson Papers 

them steadily here and y r Thought with regard to any measures 
That may naturally tend to promote the Affair and be proper 
for us further to do or attempt will be very acceptable. 

If < there are any Number of the Mohawk, more or less who 
are likely ^> to be down here before Winter I <^should^> be 
glad to be advised of It and of any other matter of News or Con- 
sequence to this Government or to these Schools in particular. 
Your Favours In this Regard I have no Challenge to but from 
the very small acquaintance I had with you at Albany : my par- 
ticular Relation thereto as one of the Com tee and the Nature of 
the Case which I doubt not will take hold of your Benevolent 
Temper 

I am S r with great Esteem Y r most humble Servt 

JOSEPH DWIGHT 
COL LO JOHNSON 

FROM JOHN SEGER 
A L S. 

[October] 21, 1751 * 
WELLEM JONSON 

I Remember min louf to you I am halte en wel I hop Dis fue 
leins shel find you in the seme I am com in the Onneide Cassel 
and the Brot me op in thar hous and mad mouch of me and 
act ad me how as it Cornel ionson I told them he is en helt 
and I Remembert your loff To them and a letel after I 
mad mine Spech to tham and I told tham that you sed go and 
trade wit the bretherren and mabe nect winter I soud ther agin 
for Blecksmit and to morre the came agen and told me to Begein 
thes wenter I told them I had no lebberte for to Doe sue a ting 
and then the Bedg me Reit to you 

JOHN SEGER 

th 1751 the secont felmont 21 * 
ADDRESSED: To M r . Wellem Jonson 

Leven in the Mohock 



1 Originally calendared under January, 1 752 ; probably written in the 
second fall month, October or November, 1 75 1 . 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 355 

FROM LEONARD COZZENS 
A. L. S. 

Newport Nov r 13, 1751 

To COL L : WILLIAM JOHNSON, 

Respected Friend this Serves to Acquaint you, That my 
Friend Ferrol & I gott near Rhode Island in Six days After I 
left Albany and he sett out for Boston the Next day I have not 
heard from him since I believe he had a Passage Direct for 
Hallifax Since I have been at home I have Endeavoured to 
gett you two or three hownds & Can have them on Pretty Easy 
terms here being a Pack that Came lately from London in town 
I think they are the Right sort for your Service they belong in 
Part to Cap n . Malbones Son Godfrey I believe it would be 
best for you to write to him beleiving he will Redyly Supply you 
the Sportt here being Pretty Expensive Our Paceing horses 
don't do for Hunting If you write to Godfrey and Direct it to 
me I will Deliver the Letter I have a Small Curiosity I would 
Gladly Send you but I fear it is to late in the fall 

I have at this time Nothing more to add it being a Barren time 
for News Saveing my Gratfull Acknowledgement to you of the 
Many favours and Kindnesses I Rec'd from you for which You 
have my best Wishes my Kind love to the Minister Cap n Butler 
and their families tell M rs . Butler I Shall not forgett her 
Daughter Nancys Stayes I Conclude with my kind love to you 
and all friends 

Your Friend 

LEONARD COZZENS 

ADDRESSED: To The Honor le : Coll 1 . William Johnson 

at Mount-Johnsoa 
These 



356 Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM UNKNOWN PERSON 

An anonymous letter, of November 23d, to Johnson, from Dublin, 
dealing with the moral character of Matthew Ferrall, following the pre- 
ceding in the Johnson Calendar, was destroyed in the tire. 



FROM JAME GIMMEL 
A. L. S. 

Burnetsfield, Dec. 21, 1751 

Well Weyse Ende Vorsichtige Heer Collonel 

MEYN HEER Naer Dien Mein bekend is vwe grote Sorg 
Vultigheit, vor ons Lond, So heb Meyn verpflicht gevonden, an 
Myn Heer Collonel bekend te maaken, Sender Euyt stell, Daer 
Sein Enige Franse Wilde,* die wille Setlen bey of anhed oneyder 
Lack Hed Welcke jck van seekere Wilde heb, Ein jss Meyn 
Heer Well bekend, alss Aquadjood, ende andere Meer, anderss 
heb jck niet tesege, Myn Heer Weet Beeter Naer vwe Weisheit, 
wat in duse Saak te doen jck verbleiff Mein Herr Collonell, 
Vwen getrouen Ende Mitt alien Respect 

Vwen obrechten 

Burnets field Dienar 

Decemb r . 21 JAME GlMMEL 

A1751 

* Hed binne france Ende nit alleenig wilde alss in Die 6te 
Reeg staad. 

ADDRESSED: An D: Hooge achtbare Ende Well Weise Ende 
Vorsichtege Heer Collonel Johnson att Mound Johnson 

Translation 

Very Wise and Prudent Colonel 

SIR: 

Knowing the great vigilance with which you watch over our 
country, I have deemed it my duty to inform the Colonel without 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 357 

delay that there are some French Indians* who wish to settle 
near or at Oneida Lake, as I was told by a certain Indian. One 
is well known to your Honor, namely, Aquadjood; and others 
also. This is all I have to say. Your Honor in his wisdom will 
know best what to do in the matter. 
I remain, Mr Colonel, with all respect, 

Your faithful and obedient servant, 

Burnetsfield JAME GlMMEL 

December 2 1 
A1751 

* They are Frenchmen and not only Indian, as is stated in the 
6th line. 

ADDRESSED: To the Honorable and Very Wise and Prudent 
Mr Colonel Johnson at Mound Johnson 



MARTIN KELLOGG TO HENDRICK 
A. L. S. 

[Stockbridge, December 23, 1751] 
HENDRICK 

Colonel Dwight Colonel pynchion & I are [ ] 

that you & abraham your Brother and one of [ ] 

Teawantaroogo x would Come away soon Enough to be at 
B[oston] In five weeks from This Day: you 1 have horses from 
Stockbridge for your Journey and Some man to accompany you 
and I suppose brother Joseph will Go with you to Boston 

[ ]d now brother from what I wrote to you Last fall 

vou may see the necessity of all your Tribes uniting once more 
together I hope you will Consider what must be Don by you 
Mohawks & us English to Bring it to passe : and have peace one 
with another. I understand there are many Tribes back of you 



1 Teondoroge, the first Mohawk castle, near Fort Hunter, William M. 
Beauchamp, Aboriginal Place Names of New York, p. 119, 126-27. 



358 Sir William Johnson Papers 



that would Gladly have made War with the french if they Could 
have had the Consent of the vi nations. Last war, but they Could 
not obtain if they might be brought handsomly Into y e English 
Intrest it would be of great advantage to the Crown of Great 
brittain I hope Every man that is able to Contribut towards so 
Good A work will willingly Lend his hand you 1 show this to 
Colonel Johnson to whome Give my service and Let him Know 
I have great Expectation of his Doing what Lyes In his power 
to bring the vi Nations together again In love : 

and you Sir will I hope do what you Can to perswade your 
people to bring their Children Boyes & Girls for learning Mad m 
Sergeant is Going to Keep a Girles School Spedily you 1 , also 
Consider what is best to be Done In the Case above mentioned 
so as to be able to Speak when you Come to Boston Remember 
me to Abraham and all your Chief es from your Brother friend 
& Ser nt . 

MARTIN KELLOGG 
HENDRICK PIETRIS 

FROM WILLIAM CORRY 

A. L. S. 

Corrysfcroo Decemb r . 3J si 1751 

SIR 

I'm favour'd with yours, and have directed my people to vote 
on your side. Archybold will be here in ten days, whose vote 
you shall also have, there is an neighbour of mine who has a vote, 
I have been with him, a small matter can bring him to y r Interest 

My own affairs have laid me under obligations to y e people 
of Albany, which I have considerably discharged this summer, 
and hope next summer to make myself easy in regard to Albany 

but at this time it is not possible for me to pay them and if 
I give my own vote against them it may subject me to their resent- 
ment. I think it therefore best for you to go on, and if you find 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 359 

that one vote will carry it, let the Sherrif adjourn ye Court, which 
he can do, upon any pretence, and send an express in y e night 
to me, and you may depend upon me, but I must also depend 
upon you if they give me trouble, for a hundred pounds for a 
few months You see the necessity there is to excuse my own 
voting, unless upon y e last extremity In a little time I hope I 
can help you in an Election, My Minister and others Are to be 
here in March, I had letter from him within these ten days 

This Family present their respects to y r self and M r Farran; 
and believe me to be 

y r Most assur'd and most faithfull humble Serv 1 

WILLIAM CORRY 



MESSAGE FROM AN ONONDAGA SACHEM 

January 7* 1751/2 

Deliver'd to me by a Onendaga Sachim to repeat to Coll. 
Johnson Viz: 

BROTHER 

On our way Back from the Catabaw Nation we met two 
English men (the one is named Cresse 1 ) who said they were 
sent on that road to meet the Five Nations by the Gov r of South 
Carolina and the Gov r . Call'd the big knivfe; they Shewed us a 
written Paper marckt with a big Seal which they said is sent to us 
by order of our Father the King of England: they told us the 
words of of y e said paper, was that the Gov rs . of S : Carolina & 
Virgenie had sent Conrad Weizer some time past, to Acquaint 
the five Nations that the Catabaws disired to make a peace with 
us, of which they have not rec d an answer therefore the English 



1 Colonel Thomas Cresap, of Maryland? 



360 Sir William Johnson Papers 

would know if Weizer has delivered the said Message to us, as 
there has been since that time nine of the Catabaws kill'd, and a 
great many Cattle Belonging to the English destroyed, But did 
not know if done by the five Nations or foreign Indians they said 
they were a going with the written Paper to Oheio and hope to 
bring those Indians with them to make a peace with the Catabaws, 
were they would make a fire on the road were we met them, and 
desires the five Nations will likewise meet them at the said fire 
within the time of Eight months tho' it would Better could it 
be done in all hast as it hard to restrain the Catabaw Warriors 
from revenging their Brothers Blood which is daily Spilt 

they told us that it was the Devil which makes all the mischief 
between us & the Catabaws, & keeps us from makeing a peace 
with each other 

They Asked us if the English should come into our Country 
and kill our Cattle whether we would take it so patiently & not 
revenge it 

after they had said all that was in the written paper they 
Showed us a fine lace coat, and said there was many more with a 
great deel of other goods which should be giving us on Con- 
cluding the peace with the Catabaws and the English would 
acknowledge the five Nations to be the Oldest Nations and for- 
merly the Owners of the land on which the English now lives on 



FROM BENJAMIN STODDERT 
A. L. S. 

Casses Jan* 27" 7757 [/2] 



I am thus far on my way to Oswego & am Just a Setting out 
farther, but forgot to Speake to you to Pay Tho s . Butler for me 
Thr[ee] Pounds One Shilling which hope [ ] doe 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 361 

as it was Cash he was so go[ ] as to Lend me, 

Excuse hast may you Succeed not only in the Election but 
every thing you Attempt is the Sincere Wish of D r . Sir 
Your most Obliged Hble Svt 

B: STODDERT 

My Compliments to M r . Farrell and all enquiring friends. 

You'll not forget to Speake to Teady about the Piece of 
Aurora and deduct from it l . .8. .6 I am to Pay him for J: 
Clement 

ADDRESSED: To The Hon ble . William Johnson 

Mount Johnson 



AFFIDAVIT OF PENELOPE LINDESAY 
D. S. 

January 29 1751/2 
City of 

A 11 SS ' 

Albany 

Penelope Lindesay came This Day before Me and Made 
Oath that She was lawfully Married to John Lindesay late a 
Lieutenant in the Independant Company of Fuziliers Posted at 
Albany in this Province, of which Thomas Clarke Esq r . is 
Captain and ever Since his Death She has Continued A Widow 
and is so at this present Time and that She has no Other pro- 
vision Pension or Allowance Made her by the Government 
either in Great Brittain or Ireland except the Allowance She is 
now about to Receive by His Majestys Bounty. 
Sworn Before me this 29 th : JanT: 1751/2 

PENELOPE LINDESAY. 
Rob*: Sanders, Mayor. 

We the Minister and Church Wardens of Saint Peters Church 
in the City of Albany in America do hereby Certify that Penel- 
ope Lindesay Widow of John Lindesay late a Lieutenant in 
the Independant Company of Fuziliers Posted at Albany in this 



362 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Province of which Thomas Clarke Esq r is Captain, is now Live- 
ing. Wittness Our hands This 29 th . January 1 752. 

JOHNOGILVIE} Minister ED: COLLINS. | Church 

JA STEVENSON. 1 / Wardens 



FROM ARENT STEVENS 
A. L. S. 

<Schonectady, 30 Jan /75//2> 
S 

I wrote you last night <that> as Derick Vanpetie and Fred- 
erick < Van Petie> had Voted Douw and Winie 2 that <[ there 
is> Johannis Scermerhorn & Nicholas Van <Petie> & Hen- 
derickus Vether has Bought a <Saw mill> out of the said Van 
Petie's Estate they are ready to Vote in your Interest if you 
< think they> will do any Service; for if their <Votes> will 
not pass then the said Van Petie, Joseph Brockham, Samuel A. 
Bradt and <Philip> Van Petie, Ought in Justice to be lain 
<Aside;> This Estate is in Despute whether it lies <in this> 
Township or the County, by the defferent Opinions of the Suvey- 
ors it was first <Suvey d > and left in the County by the Second 
it was left half in this township and half in the County and lastly 
by Collins wholly in this < town ship > tho the Van Peties & 
Delomont has < always Voted > for this Estate in Albany 
I am <^Sir 

your]> Most humble <Serv l > 

<ARENT STEVENS> 

P : S I have prevailed with Nicholas Velie to Vote but he must 
be taken care of, and not suffer'd to be talked to by the other side 

ADDRESSED: To Coll: Will m Johnson, This 



1 Signatures. 

2 Peter Douw and Peter Winne represented Albany county in the 
Assembly from 1 752 to 1 759. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 363 

FROM HENDRICK FREY 
L. S. 
Canajoharre Feb**. 2 d . 1751/2 

SR - 

This is to inform you that I Left Albany Last Night And had 

not an Oppertunity to Speak to you or Any body Else intending 
to go to the falls this morning in hops to gett Some Votes there I 
therefore Desire you'll Keep the pole opened Till Monday in 
the Afternoon & Remain 

Your Humble sarv 1 . 

HENDRICK FREY 
Viz*. 

Johanness Iseman 

A Son of Rudolph Stell 

one Getman 

Hansjerie Kas 

Johanness miller 

Frits Lehr I am inform'd have not Voted 

Jon 8 . Shults at Stonrobee 

ADDRESSED:. To Coll. William Johnson 

Att Albany 
To the Care of Rob 1 . Adams 



TO RICHARD AYSCOUGH 
A. Df. 

Mount Johnson March 11 lh : !75[l/]2 
SIR 

I take the first opertunity of acknowledging the receipt of 
yours of the 21 st . & two of the 26 th . . Ulto by the last inclosing 
M r . Alexander & M r . Smith Opinions w h . I shall make the best 
Use I can of. as for that affair of y e . Commissioners of Osswego 
Dutys altho a Cursed piece of Villany is very Difficult to find out. 
Depeyster has owned to me that he has not entered into recogniz- 



364 Sir William Johnson Papers 

ances these severall years, the Mayor tells me also that when he 
sent for Peter Schyler to Qualifie he then sent for Depeyster 
likewise but he refused it. & notwithstanding has acted all the 
time, on talking to him some time ago ab*. the Yearly amo*. of 
the Dutys, he acknowledged y*. they amt d . to upwards of a 
1000 the Year 1 749 so then for the other 3 years w h . he men- 
tions in his Ace", delivered to the Assembly the Diitys are but ab*. 
145 as Youl see it in the last Votes page 32. a most damnable 
imposition on the Publick Yet I cannot Sift it out without he is 
to produce his books. Collins & he together with the rest of their 
Cursed Clan, finding I made a handle among the Country People 
of their defrauding the Country in such a manner, Sends the 
Inclosed Sheet with that addition of Depeysters to it w th . Collins 
among the People to Clear up their Character, he says to two 
Warrants p d . me amts to 456 but the Scoundril paid me but on 
am ts . 228 I hope when I go down shall be able to have him 
brought to Justice, pray dont loose y*. Extraordinary Sheet as 
it may be of Service I hope to have y e pleasure of a face to face 
Conference w th . his Excellency & you before the Assembly meet 
when I shall be better able to explain these Matters. I should be 
glad to know by y e . first opertunity wheter Mr. Beekman & 
Fisher are to go down & when, they Imagined that a Petition 
sent to y e . House would do and expected upon that to have the 
Scrutiny here but if that is not the proper method pray let me 
know & if they are to go down & have the Scrutiny there what 
is the proper way to prove the Bad Votes. I cant see that they 
have power to send for those Electors or Examine their titles 
without an order, pray advise me what is best to be done in it, 
as it is quite a new thing to me. I am w lh . much Esteem S r . Y r . 

Verry Humble Serv* 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Coppy of a letter to Doctor Ascoughs 

March the 11 th . 1752 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 365 

FROM WILLIAM PRINTUP 

A. L. S. 
Onondaga March the 15 1 751/2 

[ *] got no more then [ ] to sein 

and the [ ] 2 blanckits of blue Strouds and 2 rouls 

of red gimp [ gjallins of rom wich I hope you will 

Send by the bearer [ ] heare forsed me to Send one 

down with these letters and you [ ] Satisfi this ingin 

and Pray Send me one Pound of tee for wee hafe noting to life 
one heare but ingin bred and a litel tee and theat very Scant Send 
the Excheaing of the black String of wampon by this ingin. the 
ingins are vere unese heare Sens theay heare that you heafe not 
the Ceare of them nomore: I Do thinck I sheal not be abel to 
passefi them redely for theay heafe a myty regard for you but 
Still I Shal do all wheat lys in my Pouwer to Passefi them: I 
Sheal a: quaint you fully of all theat Pasis heare when I Com 
down for these ingins will not geafe me time to rite fully to you 
at this Present: Sono more as hoping theat these fue lines meay 
find you in good health as wee are at Present from your frind 
and humbel Sarvant to Command 

W M . PRINTUP 

I heafe Set the neams of the Seachams theat heafe Sained 
heare So theat you can Set them in the deed the red hed his name 
is Casswettune & atassoqua the high brest and Sequaresere: and 
Racsenagate and Seanawade and roisenagecte and Caiequere- 
gowa and arhonent her and rotsagane these are all theat hafe 
Sained 

heare is no treading heare for heare is no ingins at home for 
theay are all out of fiting. 



1 Several lines are missing. 



366 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM ARENT STEVENS 

A. L. S. 
Schonectady 23 March /75[//]2 

SIR 

The Bearer here of the Canawagah Indians has a great desire 
of paying their respects to you and beg'd of me to write to you 
in their favour, as we told them of your perspectives they Shewe'd 
great Surprise and Believed it Impossible: therefore, they hope 
you will convince them that I told them the truth. I am with the 
Utmost respect. Sir 

Your most hum ble : Obedient Serv* 

ARENT STEVENS 
ADDRESSED: To The Hon ble : William Johnson Esq r : at Mount 

Johnson 



UNKNOWN PERSON TO WILLIAM HELLING 

The preceding letter is followed in the Johnson Calendar by a fragment 
(the right hand half of a sheet) of an undated letter to Lieutenant William 
Helling at Albany. The writer's name is missing. 



FROM BENJAMIN STODDERT 
A. L. S. 

Osnego March p e . 24 th '5[//]2 
DEAR SIR 

I am favoured with yours of the 28 th Feb r y. by the Indian Post 
with the Sugar &c and as I did my self the Honour of writing 
you by W m . Goff (w ch . hope you have received) nothing occur- 
ring since material but you have from Capt: Mills, only that I 
have been with some Indians within a few Miles of Cataraque 
and saw some remains of the most horrid scene ever transacted by 
Men (ie) the Drum rs . mangled Carcase and Bones of Others, 
with the Skule of Mark Sampson which they had made a Drink- 
ing Bowl of he being the first they Killed; I found at different 



Period of Peace. 1749-1755 367 

Places of there Encamping Mills's Sword (the Blade Broke) 
Pistols, Hanger Three Shirts four Firelocks with several other 
things of small Value 

We are Just informed by an Indian that as some Indians were 
a coming from there Hunt beyond Cataraque they came across a 
Neck of Land and perceived the Footsteps of a Man where he 
had gone down upon the Ice which was very bad as they Sup- 
posed to go round that Neck; they Counter Marched his tracts 
till they came to where he had encamped and their found their 
had been Two and one of them Murder'd, as they found the 
Hands, Head, and Other Bones with the Flesh Cut of also a 
Piece of the Flesh roasted, they Still Counter Marching the 
Tracts saw several Places where Two had encamped till they 
came to where there had been Three and One Kill'd and used 
as the formers; We hear they have found several things, such as 
Shirts, Firelocks Stockings and a laced Waistcoat; but we hope 
to hear further of this soon as the Indians are expected here. 
They say if he escaped drowning going round that Point he 
would soon come to an Indian House. 

I expect to see you by the 20 th . of next Month and am in the 
Interem with my best Wishes to M r . Farrel Capt. Butler and 
Family and all friends Most Respectfully Dear Sir 

Your most Obliged hble Serv 1 

B : STODDERT 



JAMES ALEXANDER, JACOB VANTHUYSEN AND JAMES J.' ROSS 
TO WILLIAM JOHNSON, JOHN H. LYDIUS AND JOHN J. 
ROSEBOOM 

L. S. 

N. York: Aprill 4*. 1752 
GENT, 

The Van Bent Housens part owners of Schuylers patent & 
some of the owners of the Second Nine partners tract, 1 have a 



a See History of Dutchess County, edited by Frank Hasbrouck, p. 
38-39, 41-42. 



368 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Contraverse on there bounds one on the other, which by bonds of 
Arbitration they have Submitted to the award of You three or 
any two of You, provided the award be made by the thirteenth of 
may next 

The parties have now agreed that the Arbitrators meet on the 
twentieth day of this Month at M r . Hoffmans to proceed to hear- 
ing the matter & to View the things in Dispute if Necessary We 
Earnestly beg your acceptance of the trouble of the said afair, 
and to meet at the above time proposed, the parties have agreed 
to leave it to You what you shall think Reasonable for Your 
trouble We are 

Y r . most hble Servants 

JAS ALEXANDER 
JACOB VANTHUYSEN 
JAMES J Ross 

To COLL. WILL M . JOHNSON 
COLL. JOHN HENRY LIDIUS 
& DOCTOR JOHN JACOB ROASABONE 

PS Sir 

I Depend intirly upon your coming to the place and I hop to 
meet you there. 1 

ADDRESSED: To The Hon ble . WilK Johnson Esq r . 

at Mount Johnson in the County of 
Albany 



GEORGE CLINTON S LICENSE 

A license, issued May 8, 1 752, by Governor Clinton to Teady Magin 
for the purchase of land, following this letter in the Johnson Calendar, 
was destroyed in the Capitol fire. 



1 This postscript appears to be in the handwriting of Ross. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 369 

FROM WILLIAM PETERS 
A. L. S. 

Schenectady June first 1752 
S*. 

I send your Cagg with the best Rum I have also a Loff of 
Sugar p r Cap* Frank I wish you halth and Prosperity 
And Remain yours to Command 

WILLIAM PETERS 

ADDRESSED: Coll . WilK Johnson 
at Mount Johnson 



FROM JOHN OGILVIE 

A. L. S. 

Albany June V 1752 

SIR 

I think it my Duty to inform you of the Arrival of the Catawba 
Indians, who are come to confirm what was stipulated at the 
Treaty with the Indians last year. 1 

At the Request of the Hon bl . M r Bull 2 I have received them 
into' my House & shall proceed with them to the Mohawks with 
all Speed as they are here upon Charge. 

I shall rely upon your Goodness for Direction & lay all the 
Papers before you when I come up. Their Company consists of 
4 Catawba & one Caiuga Prisoner : I am informed by Kelliaan 
that the Mohawks entertain the most benevolent sentiments 
towards them, & wish the upper Nations may be in the like 
Disposition. 

I beg Pardon for troubling you with this & hope the Occasion 
will be Apology for my Freedom. 

1 am Sir with the most dutiful Regard & friendly Sentiments 

Your most obedient humb 1 Serv* 

JOHN OGILVIE 

'At Albany, July 10, 1751. 

2 William Bull, jr, of the South Carolina council. 



370 Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
A. L. S. Fragment 

Greenwich the 30 th June /75[2P] 

SIR 

I have just received yours of 12 th Inst by Vane[ps] [ ] 
all the things excepting the Martens & black squarrels [ J 

got away in there journey to Albany Mrs Clinton is [as] much 
obliged to you for your Intention You may depend [on] my 
Friendship in every one thing I can to serve you, I [will] not 
only use all my endeavours to get y e Money, but [ ] every 
step in my power to procure you the first [ ant] Company 

here and will begin as soon as my frien[ds] [ ] to 

town to Parliment to try what I can to get a Promise [and] 
you may depend on hearing from me what [ ] 

taken & how I am likely to succeed and [ *] 

all friends desire to be very kindly remembered to you, [ ] 

very heartily wish you well. 

My dear Sir 

Your faithful friend 
and servant 

G CLINTON 



FROM WARREN JOHNSON 
A. L. S. 

London Augt. 4*. 1752 
MY D R BRO 

It's with the utmost Sorrow I give you the most Dismal Ace 1 , 
of the Death of our most Dear Dear Uncle who died in Dublin 
last Wednesday night 29 th . July of a most Violent Fever which 
Carried him of in four Days. I was up day & night with him & 
w d to God I c d have died in his stead Oh my D r Bro. such 
Grief as our poor Family are in is unexpressible for we have lost 



1 A number of lines missing. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 371 

our all & all, And you I am sure will be as much Shocked 
as mortal Living, but Let be beg of you to Muster up all your 
Resolution to bear this most Dismal Ace 1 I arriv'd here in two 
days from Dublin with the Melancholy news to Lady Warren, 
whom from my very heart I pity & hope God will preserve her 
Life for her poor Family's sake, he made his will two days 
before he died & how he has Settled his affairs no one as yet 
knows, nor 'till I return with her Directions to have it Opened. 
I Set out in two hours & expect to be in Dublin the 7 th he's to be 
intered at Nock Mark, in a Private manner his Executors are, 
Lady Warren, Capt. Tyrrell, & the Chief Justice Delancey, & 
be Assur'd of a faithful Ace*, of every thing as soon as his will is 
open'd. 

I hope in God my D r Brother will endeavour to bear this 
Shock with patience our Loss is very very Great & what to do now 
with myself I know not. I shall let you hear from me by the 
first opportunity After my Arrival in Ireland. I shall write this 
Miserable Ace' to my Coz n Capt. Tyrrell, who will be I am sure 
greatly Shock'd. I have not time to add more my Love to Bro 
Ferrall & believe me my D r Brother ever 

Y rs Most affectionately & faithfully 

WARREN JOHNSON 

This goes inclos'd to M r Watts 

ADDRESSED: To William Johnson Esq r . 
To the Care of M r . John 
Watts Merch'. at New York 
America 



TO JOHN GEORGE LIBENROOD 

A. Df. S. 
[Mount Johnson, August 4, 1752] 

[SiR] 

I received Your favour of the 5 th . of May [last?] and find 
therby that You wrote me last Year which letter must have been 
intercepted by y e way however Your present desire is Sufficient 



372 Sir William Johnson Papers 

% 

to engage a part of my business there, which altho but small 
expect to have it carefully & punctually attended, as our business 
here depends much on punctuality, and early Intelligence, as 
well as other parts of the World. I have for a Beginning Sent 
You a Hogshead genseng & 3 Bundles of Bears which I wish 
Safe to Your hands, & a good Market and am Cureing a large 
quantity of Genseng w h . as it is fitt to Shipp Shall also consign 
to You. we are oblidged to give a monstrous price for it here 
So hope you will make the most of it. and Send me in return the 
Articles mentioned in the Inclosed Memorandum as Soon as 
possible. M r . Hennerry Hansen of New York Merchant Acts 
for me there, to whom please to Consign Said goods, and inclose 
my letters to him. As I intend writing You Shortly again, Shall 
add no more than that I am, altho Unacquainted S r . 

Y r . Most Humble Serv*. 

W M . JOHNSON 

To M R . JOHN GEORGE LIBENROOD 
Merch 1 . In London 

PS: as there are Severall here who are purchaseing Genseng 
would have You dispose of Mine as Soon as You Can If you 
Can get a good price for it. 

please to Send me the newspapers regularly. 
[ '] as the Vessel did not sail [ ] 

opportunity of getting two Hogsheads more of Genseng ready, 
w h I also Send by this Conveyance, and expect as there is not 
any quantity shipped from these parts yet, that Mine will fetch 
the highest price, being verry clean, & well dryed. I would have 
You Send me for the overplus (after paying for those Articles in 
the Memorandum) good blew Strowds, Some black flowered, 
Serges, Calicoes, Calimancoes, Russals. a[nd] Poplins. Your 
punctual, & Speedy Compliance will be the greatest inducement 
to continue, & enlarge our dealings. I am S r . 

Y r . Verry Humble Serv*. 
W M . JOHNSON 

x Onc or two lines are missing. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 373 

P S. i had an Acc tl . lately of Some of my Gensang being sold 
for 32 s & fl & I hear others got 40 s . ^ fl pray let me know 
whether the flower, or Blossom of the Sassafrass Tree would 
sell well in London & at what price or any other root, plant &ca 
which we have here. & let it be a Secret for the first Year to any 
Body Else 

I should also be glad to know whether the Seed of y e . Ginseng 
be of any Value & its Usex^ 

Note, as Soon as You receive the Ginseng have the Casks all 
opened & the roots thrown out to air if you find them in any 
danger, which I can Scarce think they will, being verry dry when 
packed. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : N. 1 



FROM RICHARD MILLER 
A. L. S. 

Albany 15 th . August 1752 
HONOURAB LE . S R . 

I this Day Received your feavor Dated the 12 th Instant I 
have this Day Shipped the hogheds on board Capt Bentheysen 
and gave him a Stricht Charge to keep them drye he will Sail 
on mondey Next and as he Says will be time enouf for the Ship 
there was 50 Lemmons brought here last week by M r Hansens 
Negro wench She told me they ware Sent from you to me but 
Since I understand they ware to be Sent to you so that the Negro 
wench made a mistake there is 23 Left which I send you by M 1 
Van Eps and shall send what I have used as soon as posiab le 
I send you by M r Van Eps 13 pair of hose which Cost 4/6 <P 
pair the merchants sell the best of five Nation Leather to the New 
England men and let them pick it for four shillings Your new 
act of assembly is here but I Cant tell how to get it up Safe to 
you I am very glad to hear that you have got the better of your 



374 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Indisposision my wife and family Joynes me in their best 
Respechts to you and all frinds I am S r 

Your Most humb 1 . Servant 

RICH D . MILLER 
To COLL. WILLIAM JOHNSON 

ADDRESSED: To The HonourbK Coll . Johnson Esq r 

att Mount Johnson 



FROM THOMAS BENSON 
A. L. S. 

[Nen York, August 18. 1752] 

Upon M r . Oglevys return from Albany, he told me you 
[ ] so obliging to mention your design of sending the 

In [dian] Dress I troubled you to procure for me, as soon as You 
got it from the Indians, I Expect to sail to Day with M r . Teal 
and his wife for London in the Joseph, and sh d . have been glad 
to have carried them with me, but I am sensible of their Indolence 
being the only Reason I have it not in time, I believe it was my 
desire it sh d . be sent to M r . John Levingston, but M r . Beverly 
Robinson having since undertaken to act for me here, I now beg to 
have the things sent to him, who will also Repay you, what I left 
with you may fall Short I am really ashamed to tresspass so much 
upon Your Civility, as I have done in this affair, the difficulty of 
attaining it otherwise, will I hope Excuse me. The Company 
with whom I was so agreably entertained at Your house, often 
talk of it> Drink Your health, and join with me in present thanks 
and acknowledgments and we make boast of the Pidgeon Shoot- 
ing Match all the Day long, M r . Teal has since bought 
Andrew Ferrara as he Says to kill Shot Pidgeons with, If 
was acquainted with any News I sh d . communicate it; but I 
not Except of the Man of Wars being sailed on a Cruize, an< 
Parker 1 the printer having been heartily drubbed by M r . Thoi 



1 James Parker, publisher of the New York Gazette or Weekly PC 
boy, established in 1 743. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 375 

son, for publishing the advertizement of Shelim O Blunder, And 
the Town is very Sickly of Complicated Distempers. Our Com- 
pany bound for London take leave of You in wishes for Your 
health and happiness, It wo d . give me Singular Satisfaction if 
I co d . do you any little Service there, as a Conviction how much 
You have Engaged me to be 

Yo r . most obliged & Obed 1 . Serv'. 

THO S . BENSON 



TO MR SHUCKBURGH 

A. Df. S. 1 

<Mount Johnson, August the 20 th 1752> 
<S R > 

Haveing the pleasure of an Intimate acquaintance with your 
Brother Doctor Shuckburgh of New York whom I have a Singu- 
lar regard for, induced me to apply to You for what I may 
want in your way altho but a trifle. Haveing lately had a pritty 
large Collection of Books from London, shall at present only 
desire you will please to send me, what pamphlets are new, and 
worth reading, also the Gentleman's Magazines from Nov br 1 750 
to the last, & the Monthly Review from the Same time, also 
the News Papers regularly, & stitched up, You have only to 
deliver them to M r John George Libenrood, Merch* there, who 
will forward them to me, and will pay your Ace* Yearly. 

Haveing nothing further to add att present (but beg you will 
Send me those things regularly & punctually) I conclude S r 

Y r Very Humble Serv' 

W.J. 

Please to let me know how & where to direct 
To M R SHUCKBURGH Stationer in London 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : N. 1 

Coppy of a letter to 
M r . Shuckburgh Stationer 
August the 24* 1 752 
1 Inclosed in letter to Libenrood August 22, 1 752, q. v. 



376 Sir William Johnson Papers 

TO JOHN GEORGE LIBENROOD 
A. Df. S. 

<Mount Johnson, August the 22th 1752 
SlR> 

Since my last to you of the 4 th . & 10 th . Ins 1 (at which times 
Sent you three Hogsheads & a Cask of Ginseng, with three 
Bundles of Bear Skins by the Joseph, Capt n . Wilson, Which I 
hope you may have received Safe & Sold well, Er'e any quantity 
arrives.) I have Cured another parcel of Ginseng since quantity 
as & Invoice inclosed, and Send them to you by the Nebuchadne- 
zar. I hope you may dispose of them all at a good price before 
there comes Many to market. There are Severall buying them 
up here, but as they are quite strangers to the management of 
them, know not how to Cure them Soon. So that I have got the 
Start of 'em, which I hope you will improve to my advantage & 
your own. pray let me hear from you by all opertunitys and give 
me what Intelligence You can relateing to the Markets, at least 
as much as conscerns us here, for you are Sensible that early 
intelligence is the life of all Business, and much more so in the 
Mercantile way the amount of what I now Send you, I would 
have lye in your hands, untill I have occasion to draw for it w h . 
may be soon, in the meantime let me have an ace". Sales thereof 
by the first opertunity, and must once more desire you will Send 
me the goods wrote for by the first Vessel Sails for New York, 
and let them be always well packed, as there is a great Land 
Carriage to my House from Albany. I am S r 

Y r Most Humble Serv'. 

W M . JOHNSON 
M R JOHN GEORGE LIBENROOD 

P. S. I forgot a few Articles in my last Memorandum, 
please to Send me with the rest. I have inserted them on y e back 
of the Inclosed Invoice. 

Pray let me know if there be a possibility of Sending me 
parcel of french Blankets, Kersey whale & lettered, such as the] 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 377 

Send to Canada for the use of the Indians, also purple & white 
ratteen for Stocking Stuff ; all w h . they have better than ours 
& also French Guns. 

< Please to forward the inclosed letter 1 to M r Shuckburgh> 
and when he brings you his Bill at <a years End, pray pay 
him,> it will be but a trifle, as I shant <have many Books> 
from him, he is also to Send me the papers < regularly, so> that 
you need not be at the trouble of it. 

Y rs as before 

w.j. 

N. B. I would have you to buy me a Ticket in the Lottery, 
as I am generally pritty lucky. 

I made a Blunder in the first Memorandum by desireing you 
to send me thirty P s . of fringe to patterns I mean lace the Same 
of the Patterns. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : N. 3 

Coppy of a letter to 
M r . John George Libenrood 
Dated August 22 d . 1 752 



TO GEORGE CLINTON 

A. Df. S. 
[Mount Johnson, September /6, 7752] 

[May it please Your Excellency] 

I hope Your Excellencey will be kind enough to excuse my 
long Silence, when I tell You that the trouble I have had with 
the Five Nations, a Multiplicity of Business, and being much 
abroad purchaseing ginseng &ca. Was the only Occasion of it. 
& I now take an opertunity of Assureing Y r . Excellency that 
nothing could Equal the pleasure Your Stay gives me, provided 
it were agreable to You, & M rs . Clinton, and as the greatest & 
only means of makeing it so (as I take it) must be from Home, 



1 Letter to Shuckburgh August 20, 1 752, q. v. 



378 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I sincerely wish Your Excellencey everry thing Satisfactory from 
thence. As I look upon it to be of little or no service, my men- 
tioning any thing relateing to the Indians Affairs, or Wants, 
before the House Meet, have deferred troubleing Y r . Excellencey 
with an Account of it any further than to let You know that the 
Indians of the two Castles of the Mohawks begged I would 
acquaint Your Excellencey that a Considerable Number of the 
Coghnawagees w th . Some French are gone to War against the 
Catabaws. at the Same time they earnestly pray Your Excellency 
would Imediately Send an Express to the governour of Carolina, 
that He may, let the Catabaws know it, or take any other Steps 
He thinks proper, they are the More uneasy, as Several of their 
Men are gone with the Catabaws & knowing not what may be 
their Fate, if the French Indians Should Succeed. They have 
also an Acc tl . that a Cajuga Indian who was to War against the 
Creeks is Confined in the government of Virginia, which they 
want to know the reason of, and Expect he will be discharged 
imediately. they daily [ a ] 

their Arms &ca before they go a Hunting [ ] 

be of little Service to them. Thus farr I thought [ ] 

Your Excellency with their Affairs at present [ ] 

require Imediate Consideration. Your Excellency's] tender 
professions of friendship, in your last letter made so deep an im- 
pression, as cannot be effaced. [ ] Y r . Excellency 
may be convinced of my haveing a most [ ] Sense 
of all your kindnesses and I assure You that my Constant Study 
Shall be to retaliate them in some [ ] by my 
Endeavours to Serve You. I have lately [ ] a 
purchase of a Tract of Land (by Virtue of that Lycence 
[ ] granted,) In Company with Arent Stevens 
& others, in [ ] if your Excellency would Choose 
to be Conscerned, I should [ ] of haveing so good 
a Partner, as it lyes Contiguous [ ] think it will Soon 
be Settled, and of Consequence & [ ] & the 

1 One or two lines are missing. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 379 

Sooner we had It Surveyed the Better, as this is [ ] 

best time for it. besides I understand M r . Golden [ ] 

up in those parts verry Soon, w h . would Save us a g [ ] 

of Money. I am with the greatest Respect Imaginable S r . 
Y r . Excellenceys Most Obedient 

Most Devoted Humble Serv*. 

W. J 

My Compliments to M rs . Clinton (with a thousand thanks for 
the Monkey & Parrot w h . are both verry pritty of their kind.) 
also to Miss [Clinton?] whom I hope are both well 



TO RICHARD AYSCOUGH 
A. Df. S. 

[Mount Johnson, September 16, 1752} 
[SiR] 

I rec d . yours with the Lycence of purchase which I see was 

Mislead Some time, however Am much oblidged to You for y r . 

good offices and dispatch. I have Since made the Purchase, and 

intend to take His Excellency as a Partner if he inclines to it. 

|I have wrote him so by this Conveyance. I cant Imagine how 

I his Excellency could hear of Lawyers Uneasiness at his being 

I excluded, for I never knew it untill lately and when he told me 

I of it I could not credit it. because I got a Lycence of purchase 

| for Jacob Starmbergh 1 when last at York, upon which he made 

the Purchase regularly from the Indians, and now when he 

: thought to get a Warr* to Survey, heard that Depeyster, Dow 

jhis Son in Law and others had got one for the Same, altho his 

Lycence is Prior to the Other. The Land is not I assure you 

worth Six pence being all rocks & Stones, but As it lyes by these 

Poor Peoples Doors & Surrounds them, Depeyster & Dow want 



1 May 7, 1 752 the petition of Jacob Starnbergh for license to purchase 
a tract of land at Schoharie was presented to the council, and on the 
8th was granted, Calendar of Land Papers, p. 264 and Calendar of 
Council Minutes, p. 384. 



380 Sir William Johnson Papers 

to distress them because they would not in y e . late Election Vote 
and give their Interest to his Friends Dow & Winne. M r . Hol- 
land I think is conscerned with them but if he examines the Date 
of the Lycence's and finds the other prior to his, and knows the 
reason of their makeing such a purchase 1 flatter myself he would 
give it up. or at least Join Starmbergh & Lawyer who told me 
they would gladly take him in rather than be imposed on by 
Depeyster. Lawyer & his associates have another Tract of Land 
depending Sometime, they made the purchase regularly and paid 
the Indians for it, by the Indians Confession to me, Yet one 
Becker lays Claim to it by Virtue of a Lycence he also got for 
the Same but never paid the Indians, neither are they Willing 
that he should have it from Lawyer, as he goes to York now ab ! . 
it. You can hear the particulars from himself and if you Can 
Serve him I should take it as a great favour. He [ 

*] the Monkey [ ] 

to Send me, for which I am extremely obliged [ ] 

pray give her my kind Compliments & tell her [ ] 

are exceeding pritty. As to the C Justices Seeming [ 
of My Money being unpaid, is a Cause of Laughter rather than 
Surprise, because I know the Man, the Assem[bly] being 
prorogued to October will retard Business very much. Some 
things in particular w h . Cann[ ] then be done, as pro- 

videing Smith &ca. 

I am w*. Sin [ ] D r . Doctor 

Y r . Freind & Welwisher 

W.J- 

P S. Pray Send me that letter for S r . Peter by the first oper- 
tunity as it is useless now to You. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : 7 br . the 1 6 th 1 752 

Coppy of a letter to his 
Excellency Gov r . Clinton 
another to Doctor Ascough* 



1 One or two lines are missing. 
2 See letter to Clinton this date. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 381 






MEMORANDA 1 

Memorandum to have Ha [nee] Becker Sen r . & Jun r . & Hance 
Lawyer Sen r . sworn to give an Acc tt . of what they heard Edward 
Collins say Conserning some thousands of Pounds the Gov r . 
would have the Assembly pay him, w h . S d . Collins said was the 
reason he dissolved 'em, that they would not allow it him & ca . 

Martinus Vanalstine to declare what he heard Collins say of 
the Gov r . & me in John Depeyster's House. Viz 1 , that he said 
the Gov r , & I were two damned Rouges. 

to Enquire at Schohare who heard John Dow say that the 
Gov r . & I cheated the Ind ns . of their pay 
[to speak to Widdow Scott if she will Sell her Land for 400 

flower Cask Nails to buy 

Milk Biscake I O weight 

to get M r . Petrys Receipts out of the office, and get p c . Gov r . 

to Mention it to p e . House 

A globe for the Electrical Machine 2 ] 



FROM JAMES WILLSON 
A. L. S. 

Albany 26* Sep'. 1752* 
HONOURABLE S* 

I now Send you by Thomas Allman 1 Negro wench 3 half 
hundred w ts and 2 qr trs . with a Small bundle and a Cask of Gun 
powder which Van Bentheysen bought it Cost him five pounds 
at York all frinds here are well I am S r . 

Your most Humb 1 . Serv 1 

JAMES WILLSON 
To COLL. JOHNSON 



1 In Johnson's handwriting; written in 1752 probably. 

2 Matter erased in the original. 

3 In Doc. Rcl to Col. Hist. N. Y. t 6:764, in George Clinton's letter 
of October 4th to the lords of trade, is mention of Johnson's grievance at 
the hands of the assembly. 



382 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM RICHARD SHUCKBURGH 
A. L. S. 

New York OcW. y 14 [1752] 
S*. 

I write this as y e Sloop is just going to acquaint you that the 
Philedelph. Post is just come in & brings an Ace 1 of the Death 
of S r . P r . Warren it is reported that M r . Franks has an Ace*, of 
it whether true I know not. if any other Circumstances relating 
thereto Shall acquaint you. It is said the Assembly is to sit 
shortly to do Bussiness when I hope I may have the pleasure of 
^ seeing you. I coud wish you woud send me by a punctuall hand 
a Pound or two Ginzeng I'm about to introduce it into practice 
both as a Pectoral & Stomachick. I am as ever 

Y r Most obligd Serv 1 . 

R D SHUCKBURGH 



FROM JOHN WATTS 
A. L. S. 

Greenwich 14 Oct. [1752] 
SV 

With the greatest concern I tell you that by a Vessel from 
Irland to Philadelphia we are informed that S r . Peter Warren 
died at Dublin about the last of July, the Sloop is under Sail 
I can say no more 

Y. 
JN. WATTS 

ADDRESSED: To Coll . William Johnson 

to the care of Rich. Miller Esq r . 
Albany 






Period of Peace, 1749-17 55 383 



FROM GEORGE CLINTON 
L. S. 

<CreeniWc/i, Nov^ 5 th /752> 
S' 

I find the Assembly are determined <to go upon> Commis- 
sioners for Indian Affairs again <^and as I can not,]> without 
Inconveniences, prevent it, I send <for your> perusal, a List of 
Persons proposed for my Approbation <^for^> that Commission. 
I can not help observing, that <^they are^ pick'd out of almost 
all your inveterate Opposers, < There f ore, > should be glad of 
your Opinion, for I can but << think it> Justice, that I should 
have the Nomination of one<^half at^> least, of them. I shall 
be at the Fort Tuesday next, < where I> shall be glad if you 
would dine with me, and in the interim think what I can do in it. 
I amS' 

Your very humble Servant. 

G. CLINTON 
List for Commissioners 

Myndert Schuyler * Jacob H : Ten Eyck 

Phillip Schuyler Johannes Cuyler, 

Johannis Janse Lansingh Sybrant G. Van Schaick 

Hendrick Bleecker Johannis Glen 

David Schuyler Gerardus Groesbeck 

Hans Hansen Johannis Van Rensslaer. 

ADDRESSED: To Coll . Johnson 
att Cap*. Ros's 

New York 



1 Former commissioner* 



384 Sir William Johnson Papers 



TO WILLIAM BAKER 
A. Df. S. 

[Mount Johnson, December 24, 1752] 
SIR 

I am favoured with Yours by Cap [ ] difficulty 

got home the goods Sent me [ ] being so [ ] 

Season (Occasioned by a tedious passage) that the River froze 
ere [ ] Could reach Albany, However they 

are all Safe. I am glad to find Strowds are something fallen, 
and I reckon all Wollens will now [ ] Woll we 

hear is very low. M r . Warren some time ago desired [ ] 

would Send him Samples of french Blankets, & Such Ratteens 
as y e . Indians [ ] ost for Stockings, & Coats, 

with the prices that could be afforded for [ ] here, 

which I accordingly sent him last Summer, and presume Lady 
[War]ren has received them, If so I should be glad you would 
please to send [ ] er for them, and if you find such 

can be made there exactly to pattern [ ] erry way, 

& at the following prices, then I would have you Send me four 
[hu]ndred Blankets, that is a Hundred of Each Size, & 20 
peices of the Stocking Stuff Viz 1 . 10 P'. of Each Sort. The 
largest Blankets at 6 s . ^, Next Size at 4/6 ^, Next to that 
3/9, or 4 s the most, & 2/6, or 2/9 for the smallest. Two Shill- 
ings a yard for the Ratteens, or two & three pence [a]t most. 
If it cannot be made for that price, then please to Send me [in] 
lieu thereof four P 8 . of the darkest purple Ratteen Cloath 
Breadth as I usually have had, but let it be of the deepest or 
darkest Colour, otherwise It soon fades, please to observe 
greatest fault of the Blankets formerly Sent me, was that th( 
were woven too Cloose, & the Wool too Short & Coarse. besid< 
the letters, and other marks, Selvage &ca were not exactly 
Same of the Pattern, nor so neat, all which the Ind n . are v( 
curious In. Please to Send me also 12 Dozen of blew linne 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 385 

Handkercheifs w th . small white flowers, or Spotts in them, and 
12 Doz: of India D. Sorted. I am 

Y &ca 

W M . JOHNSON 

P S. pray be so good as to Write me w l . You think con- 
scerning y e . ginseng for I shall be entirely directed by what You 
advise me conscerning y*. Commodity the approaching Season 

As I shall have occasion early in the Spring for a Surveyors 
Compass & Case of Instruments, beg the favour of You to Send 
me a good one & let it be tryed there, for Several Sent from 
thence are not true, let there be a Couple of Spare needles with 
it, and a Neat Strong Case of Wood to Carry the Compass in, 
when I go abroad with it 

Copia Vera Verbatim 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Coppy of a Letter to 

M r . W m . Baker dated 
Decb'. the 24 th . 1752 

LETTERS TO BANYAR AND OTHER PAPERS 

The preceding letter is followed in the Johnson Calendar by the pro- 
logue of a satirical comedy and an anonymous dedication to the governor, 
lieutenant governor and council of Connecticut; two letters from Johnson 
to Banyar, of July 20 and August 12, 1753; and one from Banyar to 
Johnson, of September 7, 1753. The letters were destroyed in the fire. 
They were about land purchases. 

LETTERS TO CLINTON AND FROM STODDERT 

In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y. t 6:778-80, are printed a letter of 
April 20, 1753, from Johnson to George Clinton, conveying intelligence 
of the discovery of a strong French and Indian force near Swegaachey; 
and a letter of May 15th from Benjamin Stoddert, at Oswego, apprising 
Johnson of a movement in force on the part of the French to confirm con- 
trol of the Ohio river country. A copy of the letter of April 20th, but 
dated April 30th and sent to Governor Dinwiddie of Virginia, is in the 
Library of Congress. In Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:624-25, is an extract from 
a letter of March 26, 1753 from Johnson to George Clinton regarding 
Governor Dinwiddie's informal and unsuccessful attempt to hold a treaty 
with the Six Nations. 
13 



386 Sir William Johnson Papers 

9 

SPEECH OF JAMES GLEN, GOVERNOR OF SOUTH CAROLINA, TO 

THE HAGLER KING OF THE CATAWBAS 

Contemporary Copy 

(June, I753 1 ] 
South Carolina 

Extract of the Governors Speech to the Hagler King 
of the Catawbaws. 

When I first made you King I knew that you well deserv'd it, 
and your behaviour since shews that I have not been mistaken, 
I told you at that time I had written to my Brother M r . Clinton 
the Governor of New York to unite his good offices with mine 
that a firm Peace might be made between the Six Nations and 
you 2 and that he had acquainted me that the Six Nations agreed 
to it provided it were ratified at Albany within a year, and in the 
mean while that all Hostilities should cease on both sides, I 
accordingly persuaded you and Six of your People to go to 
Albany but as I knew you would run great risques and be liable 
to be destroy 'd in the Woods, which were then swarming with 
Enemies I sent you by Sea and that you might not only go safe, 
but in the most honourable way, I sent M r Bull one of my 
beloved Men along with you, and by him I sent Letters to the 
Six Nations, accompanied with large Presents; You there made 
a Peace which on your Parts you have punctually observ'd, but 
I have been sorry to see by your letters that the Six Nations seem 
to have forgotten their Engagements and have killed numbers of 
your People, 3 I was in hopes at first that it might have been 
only the Caughnawageroonas or other French Indians, but I 
have had too good reason since to know that it has been the Six 
Nations also, and indeed the Intelligence sent by Aarant Stephens 



1 Date uncertain. 

2 Governor Glen wrote to Governor Clinton on this subject July 7, 
1750; and peace was made at Albany July 10, 1751. See Doc. Rel. 
to Col Hist. N. Y. t 6:588, 721-26. 

"See Doc. Rel. to Col Hist. N. Y.. 6:811-12, 814. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 387 

the Interpreter to M r . Bull, that the Six Nations determined the 
utter destruction of the Catawbas, of which I gave you immediate 
Notice, confirms my suspicions, but the News brought lately from 
Onondaga by your own Country woman puts their designs against 
you in a clear light, she has been long kept a Prisoner amongst 
them, but at length made her escape through many dangers and 
came through many different Countries, to give you notice that their 
design is to kill and Scalp all the Men, to make Prisoners of the 
Women and Children, and to burn your Towns with Fire, so that 
you may never more be a People, you may depend upon it that 
agreeable to your desire I shall without loss of time write both to 
the Governor of New York and to the Six Nations to represent 
all these matters, the Governor I make no doubt will pay a 
regard to what I write, and I hope the Six Nations will listen to 
reason, in the mean time the advice I now give you is to let a 
good number of your Warriours stay at home to guard your 
Towns and to defend your Women and Children from the 
Attacks of your Enemies, the French and Northern Indians. I 
have desird some of you to go to assist our Friends on the Ohio, 
and have written to the Cherokees to that purpose and shall again 
press both them and the Creeks to go, for I expect to have Con- 
ferences with both these Nations this Spring, and I tell you that 
it is my opinion that a sufficient number should stay at Home, to 
prevent the destruction of your Nation. It was probably owing 
to the good advice that I gave you last year that you were not 
then cut off, for a great body of French Indians came very near 
your Towns, but I suppose finding you upon your Guard they 
turned aside and cut off some White People, who expecting no 
such Visit, were taken by Surprise, they killed 1 6 upon the Spot 
and carried off Nine alive into the French Settlements; I shall 
also, agreeable to your desire, inform the Six Nations, that their 
Six Countrymen, who lately came from Virginia as Messengers 
of Peace to your Nation, and to invite the Creeks and Cherokees 
to the assistance of some of their Countrymen who live upon the 
Ohio River, had been all killed and Scalped, five of them by the 



388 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Chickesaws, and one by the Cherokees, tho neither the Chicke- 
saws nor Cherokees could be much blamed for it as there was 
no White man with them, had they been sent to me they would 
probably have been safe, for I could have sent some of my People 
along with them to the Creeks and Cherokees. 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Gov r . Glens Speech 

to Hagler King of the 

Catabaws 



A LETTER FROM TIMOTHY WOODBRIDGE 

In Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:627-28, is a letter from Timothy Woodbridge 
to Johnson, dated June 26th, conveying the petition of the Oquaga Indians 
for the abolition of the rum traffic in their country. 

In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:796-97, in Conrad Weiser's 
journal of a visit to the Mohawks, dated Philadelphia, September 2d, 
is an account of a stay at Mount Johnson, August 11 14, and of a 
meeting with Mohawk chiefs; p. 808-15, an account of a conference 
between Johnson and Mohawks at Mount Johnson, July 26-27, and 
between Johnson and the Six Nations, September 8-10, at Onondaga. 



RICHARD SHUCKBURGH TO THOMAS POWNALL 1 

New York, October 30, 1753 

<A Narrative of w h some Remarks Mem r to Mention if 
Required of what passed while I accompanied Col. Johnson > 
among the Confederate <Nations of Ind s at their Genr 1 Meet- 
ing> at Onondaga & likewise <at Oswego, being what> fell 
in Discourse from some of the Sachems <^of the^> Different 
Castles without the Ordinary Forms of Belts of Wampum &c. 
It is to be observd they resum'd of themselves the Conversation 
the Next Day after the Gen 1 Conference; Whether they were 
afraid of being heard by some french Men who were present at 
y e meeting or what other reason we could not assign why they 
did not say as much in Publick the Day before as I am now to 



1 Printed in part in Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. 7., 6:805-6. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 389 

Relate, viz : that the combine! army of French & Ind 8 that passed 
by Oswego this year on their way to Ohio, were in some measure 
dispers'd great Part of the Ind s particularly of y e Six Nations, 
having left them being much disgusted w** 1 the arrogant behaviour 
of Monsiour Morang 1 and his proceedings a great Partizan 
among The french who Commanded in Chief both French 
& Ind 8 that the Ind 8 who return d back were Surprized at 
the inactivity of the English & took upon them to say that they 
imagind had the Army proceeded compleat that all Philadelphia 
& Virginia woud have given up to them. We heard at Oswego 
that some Ind 8 belonging to that Party had deserted Monsieur 
Morang & had sold their guns there & some other goods they 
got from the French. Two English prisoners of some figure were 
sent in Irons to Niagara in their way to Canada ; these were seen 
by the Ind s who return^ that the Twightwies & twelve other 
Nations or tribes had sent a large Belt of Wampum to the Six 
Nations to tell them that the French were coming Suddenly upon 
them that the Axs hung over their Heads and they only waited 
to hear their Opinion being unwilling as they were their allies to 
undertake any thing ag st the French for fear of bringing them 
upon the Six Nations who have refer d them to the Senekas being 
the nearest to the Twightwies. We have heard since that the 
Twightwies have submitted being unsupported & have been down 
to Canada to receive presents from the French & what ^Injunc- 
tion they may think fit to lay them under by what we coud 
learn > they & the Six Nations <too are very backward to 
undertake^ anything ag st . the French who <are so enterprising 
as to intimidate > all the Ind 8 <in those parts it may> possibly 
in time make the whole British <^ American^* Continent sensible 
that their Interests tho' in different Colonies are not so incom- 
patible but it may be necessary to unite their Endeavours at 
whatever Expence to make as Strong a Party among y e Ind s 
agst ye <; French > as they can in each Province. The appre- 
hensions of Danger in time of Peace are too remote to be felt 



Marin. 



390 Sfr William Johnson Papers 

by a <People> involved in Trade & business but shoud a War 
break out it woud be too late to wish matters had been precon- 
certed. Indian Affairs at present are managed meerly by Expedi- 
ents. I know of no Established method of conducting them nor do 
I think as the Extent of Country in different parts which the 
French are continually encroaching & which belongs entirely to the 
Domains of the Crown that it ought to be left to y e management * 
of one province or the other, but am humbly of opinion that his 
Majesty's Minister from the best information he can get of the 
People in the different Provinces that best understand such affairs, 
may from them appoint Agents or Residents in such of the Prov- 
inces to hold a continued Correspondence to inform Him of what 
passes. There has been in this Government an Establishment of 
Commissioners of Indian Affairs at Albany which seem'd to do 
mighty well till the War Broke out but even in peace there should 
be no state of inaction among the Ind s & might have done well 
during that part just for that part of the Country where the 
People have a continued intercourse w lh . the french by means 
of the Cannagas a Tacit Neutrality w th . the french & Inds. which 
are y e same which is call'd the Ancient Established Policy of that 
part of y e Country who are nearest Danger in war time it 
might do well for them but ill suited the New England People 
& other the Kings Subjects, it was altering this that drew the 
odium of the whole Country upon M r Clinton who was 
movd thereto by the incessant importunitys of ye New England 
People Commissioners <& I believe some intuition possibly from 
Gov r Shirley in behalf of those People the Ind s are divided among 
themselves by y e continued artifices of y e French & all I can> 
say farther is tho inclind <to us are afraid of them. 

S RS > 

Agreable to y r Request I have sent you <the above being 
the^> most I coud recollect to say more may be might <be 
thought > officious in me who am no ways Concern'd in < Pro- 
vincial^ Affairs it might be necessary to say more if my 



1 Over this word in the manuscript is written the word, Reglement. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 391 

worthy friend Col. Johnson was upon the Spot & it might be 
thought more authentick when he arrives shall acquaint you 
farther in the mean time I am 

y r very humble Serv 1 . 

R. SHUCKBURGH 

Copy of memoran d & Letter I wrote to M r Pownall, S r Dan- 
vers Osbourne's Secretary 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Some remarks on 

Indian Affairs 

ADDRESSED: To the Hon ble . WilK Johnson Esq r . 
& fav r . of Doctor Colhoune 



TO AND FROM CLINTON 

In Doc. Rel. to Col. Hist. N. Y. t 6:804-5, is a letter of October 
30th from Thomas Pownall, at New York, to the lords of trade, dis- 
cussing Johnson's meeting at Onondaga and opposition in New York to 
his management; p. 806-7, a letter of November 2d from James De 
Lancey to the lords of trade in which that meeting is mentioned; p. 8078 
a letter of September 24th from Johnson to George Clinton on that meet- 
ing. In Doc. Hist. N. y., 2:629-30, are printed Clinton's instructions 
to Johnson, dated July 5th, for summoning the Six Nations to the meeting, 
at which an interview with the new governor is to be promised to the 
Indians for redressing grievances, and Johnson is to take the hatchet out 
of their hands. 

TO OLIVER DE LANCEY 1 

FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. 

SlR New York 5 Nov. '753 

The hurry of Business I have been engaged in for some time 
has prevented my writing to you sooner tho considering I should 
have acquainted you at that time with what I imagine would not 
have been very agreable, you have by this means avoided that 
chagrin. Soon after I received your last Letter M r . Clinton sent 
a written Message to me by the Doctor signifying that as he 



1 Letter of November 3, 1753. See Appendix. 



392 Sir William Johnson Papers 

% 

perhaps should not see Sir Danvers 1 again and if he did should 
have so many other things to think of and do (for he proposed to 
speak to S r . Danvers to facilitate the passing the Patent for the 
Land he was to have had in exchange) he chose to decline the 
Agreement he had made for his 1 /6 of Stevens's Purchase. Thus 
the Matter stood till last Sunday se'nnight I went to take my 
leave of him, being determined before I set out to make him an 
offer for it, even more than I did had I found it necessary to go 
further, and after some Conversation on the Subject in which 
I easily made him agree with me that his landed Interest here was 
too inconsiderable to employ much of his Thoughts in England, 
I told him I would venture in your behalf to pay him the same as 
you paid me for mine. I that instant reflected on the Paper you 
sent me containing an Account of the Cash in your own writing 
which I had in my Pocket and tho I could hardly imagine he 
would doubt my word as to the Sum yet I thought it might have 
a tendency to determine him, sho'd he be in any dilemma what to 
do, and when he had perused it without any words more told me 
he would take 213 and if I sent him a deed and the Money 
would execute it. On the Wednesday following I sent the Deed 
and Money by D r . Shuckburgh who had occasion to wait on him 
upon other Business and he brought me the deed regularly exe- 
cuted with the inclosed Receit. M rs . Clinton is not a party and 
therefore strictly speaking stil entitled to her Dower sho'd she 
survive him, but I would not give a Rush for it, and you have 
Covenants in the deed that will secure you; the Reason I chose 
not to make her a Party was least if she were privy to it she 
might possibly have thrown some difficulty in the way. I cannot 
help being of opinion that this will be rather more satisfactory to 
you than if he had abided by the Agreement for 10000 of the 
Susquehannah Purchase 2 as that must have cost you considerably 
more, e'er you had completed the Purchase regularly, and if the 



1 Sir Danvers Osborne, governor of New York, October 10 to 12, 
1753. 

2 Calendar of Land Papers, p. 261 ; and Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y., 
6:748. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 393 

Land be good as no doubt it must be it will very soon be valu- 
able, especially if it be to the Northward of the Pensilvania Line 
as I suppose it is even of that laid down in Evans's * last Edition 
of his Map which I have been told underwent a second Impres- 
sion purely on account of that Government extending their North- 
ern Boundary further now than formerly. And if I had not have 
been perswaded it wo'd have been agreable to you that I sho'd 
go this length on your Account, yet had I inclin'd to purchase it 
I would have give so much for it. As I have taken the deed in 
your Name you'l be pleased to send me your Note for 213: 
the Money you can send when it suits you I have no immediate 
need of it sho'd it be inconvenient to you or no Opportunity 
offer of sending it by a safe hand. I am glad you sent the deed 
of Sewall and the others which I got the Mayor to carry down 
with him and take the Proof of Sewall's executing it; who is 
dead: and Doct r . Ayscough and M r . Simson were Witnesses, 
who it is possible we may never see again in this Country. I keep 
it with the other Writings relating to this Land, until you let me 
know what to do with them. I propose in the mean time to get 
them all proved that you may have them recorded when you think 
proper. I need not say any thing on the Subject of the late Alter- 
ations you've e'er now I dare say, been informed of every thing 
worth communicating to you. I am greatly obliged to you for 
your kind treatment and assistance to my Friend M r . Dies and 
shall endeavour by rendering you all the Services here in my 
Power, in some measure to merit this and your other Favours. 
Being with great Regard S r . 

your most obed*. humble Servant. 

G w BANYAR 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Novb r . 5 th . 1753 

a Letter from 
Goldsborrow Banyar 

1 Lewis Evans. See List of maps of America in Library of Congress, 
by P. Lee Philips (Washington 1901), p. 672, also Pennsylvania 
Archives, 3d series, Appendix i-x, maps. 



394 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 

A letter from Banyar, of November 17, 1753, to Johnson, following 
the preceding in the Johnson Calendar, was destroyed in the fire. It 
concerned security for money advanced by the writer for Johnson in pur- 
chase of land from Governor Clinton, Johnson's proceedings at Onondaga, 
new rules to govern the taking up of lands and advisability of an early 
survey of the Susquehanna tract. 



TO GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. Df. S. 1 

Know all Men by these presents that I William Johnson of 
Mount Johnson in the County of Albany & Province of New 
York do Owe, and am indebted unto M r . Goldsborrow Banyar 
of the Citty of New York in the Sum of two Hundred & thirteen 
Pounds Current Money of S d . Province to be paid unto the Said 
Goldsborrow Banyar his Executors Adm rs . or Assigns on the 
first Day of May next ensueing the Date hereof. He delivering 
me a Conveyance from the late governour Clinton of one Sixth 
part of a Tract of Land granted to Arent Stevens 2 & others to 
Which payment well & truely to be made I bind myself My 
Heirs Executors & Administrators firmly by these presents. In 
Witness Whereof I have hereunto Sett my Hand and Seal this 
fifth Day of Decb'. 1753 

W. J 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Decb r . 5 th . 1 753 

Coppy of a Bill to Goldsborrow 
Banyar payable the first of 
May next for 213 



1 Inclosed in Johnson to Banyar, December 5, 1753, q. V. 
V Calendar of Land Papers, p. 270, 271, 272. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 395 

TO GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. Df. S. 

Xb'. 5*. 1753 1 
S* 

Your kind favours of the 5 th . & 1 7 th . Ult. Just now rec d . on 
my return from the Woods where I have been some time busy 
running y e . lines of a purchase made by Virtue of a Lycence 
granted to James Stewart & Copy. 2 I shall Send you the Indian 
purchase by the first good opertunity in order to have a Pattent 
for it as Soon as conveniently may be. it is ab*. 1 8000 Acres 
I cannot sufficiently Express the gratefull Sense I have of the 
kindness you have done me in purchasing the gov rs . Sixth part of 
Steven's Pattent, and advanceing the Money, a favour I could 
not have expected nor presumed to Ask, which renders the Obli- 
gation greater. I inclose you my Bill for the Money and wish 
You may receive it, as I send this to Miller to forward it by y e . 
first opertunity. You will hear from me shortly, when I shall 
have more time to Answer Yours in full & communicate some- 
thing maybe to our mutual advantage. Untill then let me assure 
You I am 

Y'. Welwisher 

& oblidged & Humble SerV- 

W.J- 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Decb r . 5 th . 1 753 

Coppy of a Letter to 
M r . Goldsborrow Banyar 

STEPHEN COFFIN'S STORY 

The preceding letter is followed in the Johnson Calendar by the story 
of Stephen Coffin, for six or seven years a prisoner among the French, 
dated January 10, 1754 (Printed in Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 
6:835-37). This paper was not destroyed. 



*In Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:641-42, is a list of sundry warrants and 
allowances in favor of Johnson from December 1 , 1 746, to 1 753 included. 
2 Calendar of Land Papers, p. 276. 



396 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM JAMES HAMILTON 
L. S. 

Philadelphia 19 March 1754* 
SIR 

I am informed that a Party of private People residing in the 
Province of Connecticut, under a Pretence of some extensive 
Words in their < Charter, > have published their Intention, even 
among our own Inhabitants, <of coming^ this Spring in a Body 
into this Province, and forcibly setling <^some> of the Pro- 
prietaries Lands in the very Center of our Province : and <that 
they were likewise hardy enough to make this known to the 
Govern<^ment^> of Connecticut, who disavowing their Proceed- 
ings, they thereupon < turned > their Thoughts towards the 
Indians of the Five Nations, 2 and <having> made up a Purse 
to give them for their Right to those Lands, <they, as> I am 
further informed, now intend to apply to You for your 
< Interest > and Solicitation in their Behalf with those Indians. 

Though I have not the Honour of your personal Acquaintance, 
yet <^from^> your Character both publick and private which is 
well known <^to me,]> I should not entertain the least Doubt 
that You woud encourage a < Party > of private Men, as this 
is, disavowed by their own Government, <to> make Contracts 
with the Indians for the Sale of Lands, either in this <or 
Cannecticut Province, being contrary to the Laws of both Places 
and <pro^>ductive of many fatal Consequences. 

Nor can I have the least Suspicion, that if the Application was 
made <openly> to the Council of Onondaga, with whom this 
Government only <^ treats^ for Lands, as they know their 
Engagements to sell to our Proprietaries all the Lands within this 



1 In Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:828-29, is printed a letter of 
February 26th from the lords of trade to James De Lancey in which the 
mission of Johnson to the Six Nations in the previous September is approved. 

2 Origin of the Wyoming settlement. See Justin Winsor, Narrative 
and Critical History of America, 5:180; also John Fiske, The American 
Revolution, 2:105-7. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 397 

Province when their Indians shall encline to leave them, or the 
Encrease of the Inhabitants requires a larger Extent of Country, 
but they would reject the Application of these < People with 
the> greatest Indignation; as contrary to the Faith of Treaties 
< subsisting between > this Province and their Nations, and par- 
ticularly as < their own Indians^ now live on the Lands and 
use them for hunting, and they <have repeatedly > in their 
Treaties besought this Government that they might <^not be 
settled, > and Proclamations at their Instance have accordingly 
< issued strictly, > charging all Persons to forbear making any 
Settlements <jn those parts^> of the Province. 

But the Indians being liable to the Temptation of Liquor, 
<and when> disordered therewith apt to be imposed upon and 
for Money <^ grant any^> Applications from any Body for 
Lands, though when sober <^they would ^> condemn themselves 
and be sorry for what they had done <I am apprehen>sive if 
they are not put upon their Guard, that these Practices <rnay 
be]> tried upon them, and these ill minded People when they 
<have got^> Indian Deeds no matter how obtained, nor from 
whom, <Cmay set up> these Titles, and so pervert the Minds of 
the Inhabitants <and introduce^ intestine Broils and endless 
Disorders amongst Us. 1 

Knowing your Zeal for the Publick Good of the Colonies, 
<and the> Regards frequently Shewn by You, in your early 
Intelligences, <^to this^> Province, I entreat You woud be 
pleased to put the Indians <upon their> Guard as Opportunity 
serves You against the attempts of these < People, > which You 
must be sensible might not only alienate the Affections <Cof the^> 
Six Nations by taking from them against their will the Possession 
of a favourite Part of the Country, but might also draw on a 
<^ Civil War^> within this Province, as the Government would 
be obliged to oppose such tumultuous Settlements and Intrusions, 
and thus prove particularly hurtful to the general Interest at this 

1 See Deed of Land from Indians to Some People of Connecticut. 
July, 1754, p. 405. 



398 Szr William Johnson Papers 

Time, when the French have actually invaded this Province, and 
We are likely to be involved in a War to repel them. 

As this Government has determined to send Commissioners to 
the general Interview at Albany, I shall direct some of the Com- 
missioners to wait on You in order to confer further with You 
of what may be necessary to be done on this Occasion, in the 
meantime, I shall be much obliged to You to use your good offices 
in behalf of this Government, so far as that nothing may be done 
with the Indians by the Connecticut Agents or any Others in 
their Behalf to the Injury of the Proprietaries of this Province. 

I am with great respect S r 

Your most obedient humble Ser vt 

JAMES HAMILTON 
WM. JOHNSON Esqr. 



FROM JOHN FITCH AND OTHERS 1 

<Co/onjj of Connec" April 2<* 1754* 
S* 

Wee doubt > not but That the affair of a < Number In this 
Coloney Indeavoring^> to make a purchase of a < large Tract 
of> Land on Susquehannah River Near a place <or Island 
Called^> Chiwarauch has before This time reached <^your Ears 
butt as^> we have allways Since our proposal of That affair 
Supposed To accomplish it by means of your Influence that is, if 
you Thought it for the publick good, to which wee Doubt not 
our Success Therein will greatly Contribute, We have Therefore 
once before Desired, Mr Woodbridge of Stockbridge our Com- 
pany's Agent in This affair to apply To you for advice and 
assistance in This affair but he Then fail'd of waiting on you by 
reason of your being att Newyork, Therefore as wee know there 



1 A. L. S. of 'Fitch, L. S. of the others. 

2 In Doc. Rcl to Col. Hist. N. 7., 6:834, in a letter of April 22d 
from James De Lancey to the lords of trade, is mention of the deposition 
of Stephen Coffin, which was obtained by Johnson. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 399 

has been diverse representations of this affair and of our Conduct 
Therein, beg Leave To Trouble you with a Short Sketch of our 
proceedings to This time which may be depended on for Truth 
In This affair. 

About Two years ago a number of our people understanding 
There was a large Tract of Land verry good Soil & Uncultivated 
not Specially Claimed by any but The Natives lying on Susque- 
hannah, att the place above mentioned & further apprehending 
that by the Extent of our Charter, it was Included In it and not 
Covr'd by any other Except of a later date therefore a large 
Number of our people aplied To our Gen 1 Assembly for a Quit 
Claim of the Coloneys right, by Their memorial Continued To 
This Time. 

The Next Step was, a large Number of the memorialists and 
others mett att Windham further To Consult This affair some- 
time In July last, when wee Concluded to Send four or five per- 
sons To View the Land as to its goodness Examine The Claims 
To it and as far as They Could to know wether the Native pro- 
prieters, would Sell Their right whom we understood To be the 
five Nations, according the S d persons undertook the Jorney, 
returned with an account faviorable to our undertaking and upon 
This our Design Took air and began To be The Topick of much 
Talk in This and the adjacent Coloneys <Not long after This 
another meeting att Windham agreed to be admitt> in our Com- 
pany to the number <^of 500 persons^> to be in Some measure 
proportioned <In the Various^ parts of this Coloney, not 
refusing some Principal men in the other Governments < which 
was^> soon filld up by a great many Gent n of <^ Interest &^> 
Influence, and Thereupon Concluded To Send our < agent > 
to wait on you further to advise, as we Thought the affair to be 
pregnant with good to the Several Governments if Succeeded 
Therein, for as wee proposed to purchase of the whole 5 or 6 
Tribes and To Settle it immediately, apprehend it would be the 
greatest Security of Their Interest and friendship and The best 
Security against their being Drawn away by The French. With 



400 Sir William Johnson Papers 

This View wee have Sought the approbation of our Gov r who 
faviors our design from them principals and Motives, which wee 
Can't butt think when you View In the Same Light your friend- 
ship and Interest will not be wanting In The affair and Trust the 
Same Cannot be against but rather Conducive to your own 
Interest, but, S r wee are Sensible you have the best acquaintance 
In these matters. As to the only thing wee at Present have 
Thrown In our way is by one M r Hugh Ledlie that Lives att 
Windham, where all These affairs was Carrying on had allways 
The oppertunity of Joyning with us but seemed att once Dis- 
affected att we know not what Satt up that he would Defeat 
us if In his power, accordingly wee understand he applied to M r 
Chew of New London, and Indeavored to have him use his 
Interest w th you to oppose our designs while They Themselves 
made up a small party in order to purchase the Same, but we 
have no fears from This Quarter Except they have prejudiced 
your mind against our proceedings which we Doubt not will Soon 
Vanish when the Whole appears To you in its True light. This 
undermining attempt after <Six months Engagement and large 
Sums of money Spent by us we> Leave to Speak for it <Self. 
We hear^> that his Excel ? the Gov r of Pensilvania <is lately > 
allarmed att our proceeding has Sent a letter <To our> Gov r 
Intimating that if wee proceed it will <disaffect> the Indians in 
This Crittical Juncture of <affairs> which will as he appre- 
hends hurt the Genr 1 < Interest > and grounds his fears of This 
Nature as he Says he understands wee Design to make our pur- 
chase only of the Mohawk Tribe In neglect of or In opposition 
to the other Tribes, which misrepresentation of the affair to him 
is the occasion of the fears of the mischevious Effect w th the 
Indians which a purchase from the whole Tribes will not only 
prevent the mischeifs but Engage & Confirm Their friendship; 
but as the Gen* who will wait on you w th This Letter will be able 
to give you much better Intelligence of the whole affair than wee 
are able In writeing and would only further Suggest that if it 
appears to be for the Gen 1 publick Interest or if it is not against 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 401 

it as we are the first undertakers, you would fav r us with your 
Influance We hope In the Issue & Event it will prove beneficial 
To you & us Wee only add that we are In behalf of our Selves & 
Company 

your Hon rs most obedient humble Ser ts 

JOHN FITCH 
SAM LL . GRAY 
THO S SEYMOUR 
DAN LL EDWARDS 
ELIPHELET DYAR 
JEDEDIAH ELDERKIN 

ADDRESSED: For The Hon ble . Will m . Johnson Esq r . 
In The Province of New York 
at Mount Johnson 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : April 2 d . 1 754 

Letter from a Committee 

of Connecticut Government 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. 1 

New York 9 ih May 1754 
SIR 

I was with M r e Golden yesterday about your Indian Deed, 
which he delivered me, but with the same blank as you left in it, 
assuring me there was no vacancy there: he says one of the Lots 
must be Surveyed before he can make a Return which You'l get 
his Brother to do and send as soon as possible. I must then pro- 
ceed with the rest according to the directions you left me, and if 
I can get the patent Sealed before I come to Albany I intend it. 
The Attorney Generals Fees will be at 3 ^ Name 36 which 
I shall advance for you if it be necessary. But it is requisite you 
either write to the Governor about his Fees, or send a Note of 
hand for them, if there be Twenty four thousand Acres, it will 



1 First two paragraphs in handwriting of a clerk. 



402 Sir William Johnson Papers 

amount at 12. 10. to 300. should the Council pass it without 
Dificulty it may be done out of hand. This is all I think of at 
present concerning your affairs. I shall now beg leave to trouble 
you with mine as I am convinced you will readily oblige me and I 
am under a necessity of desiring it or suffering greatly in my 
Interest. When in Town I spoke to you of M c Neils and 
M c Killips affair, and you promised to do everything in the matter 
you could. I told you, I think, I was to be concerned in the pur- 
chase. M r . Golden Says there may be some vacancy, but not so 
much as expected, whatever there be I should be glad of having 
Purchased (for if the other partners. would not be concerned I 
would take it myself) and that you would either pay the Indians 
or give your Note for the money to be paid them, I should prefer 
the last method, unless it appears very Clearly the Lands are 
vacant. I desire this favour in case the partners cannot advance 
it: there's only McKillip there, and when he was lately here I 
took the Liberty of desiring him to apply to you, and to carry the 
Indians and make the bargain in your presence. The Lycence 
will expire the ninth day of August next, and it will be very Diffi- 
cult if practicable to get another. 

There will shortly be sent up to M r . Golden a Warrant in 
the Names of John Myer and Augustine Moore, 1 to Survey 4000 
Acres left out of the late purchase of Adam and Theobald Young 
& ca . The Mayor and myself are equally concerned in it. D r 
Golden wou'd have returned it without a Survey from the Draft 
of the purchase of Youngs Patent, but we choose a Survey, 
because of viewing the Lands and getting the best returned. The 
Indians may possibly (tho very unjustly) make some difficulty in 
permitting M r Golden to Survey the Land, tho' it is already and 
little more than a year ago paid for. It may be in your power to 
clear this up, without paying them anything, if not we beg your 
favour in the affair, and that if necessary you will advance them 
a small consideration for their Right. I write to M r Golden by 
this opportunity of M r . Farrall begging his Interest in these two 
affairs. 

1 Calendar of Land Papers, p. 284. 



Period of Peace, 1 7 49-1 7 55 403 

The French as usual have been beforehand with us. On the 
1 7 ulto. upwards of 1 000 of them came to a small Fort 1 com- 
manded by one M r . Ward, 2 an Ensign of Cap*. Trents, and 
obliged him and his party to quit it, they had 18 ps of Artil- 
lery, this Fort is built on the Fork of Monongahela where 
I understand the Virginians were to have raised the one they 
intended to have built. The French suffered the officer and his 
party to retire with their Stores &c I wish I had time to send 
you a Copy of their Sumons You may expect it by my next. 
Our two Comp 5 . are embarked to the number of about 1 70 men. 
As far as I can observe in M r . Dinwiddies last Line when all 
our Force is collected it will not exceed 1 000 Men exclusive of 
Indians if they get any. The half King as they call him has 
made a very short but Pithy Speech, in which he invites their 
Brothers the English to strike now and they are ready to join 
them, not to delay, or they are all lost &c. The assembly after 
passing a Bill in which they had given 1000 for Provision for 
the two Comp 8 . (which was rejected by the Council on Account 
of the method of issuing the Money) wou'd grant not a farthing 
towards this Service and the Comp 5 . are to be victualled only till 
they land in Virginia which Expence the Governor has engaged 
for. If you send me any directions about your Patent let it be 
soon, or perhaps the proceedings may be too forward. I am with 
great Respect Sr 

Your most obliged humble Servant, 

G w BANYAR 

I hear nothing from Magin 
COL. JOHNSON 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : May 8 th . 1 754 
M r . Banyars Letter 

CORRESPONDENCE ON INDIAN AFFAIRS* 



1 Afterward Duquesne. 

2 Doc. Rcl. to Col. Hist. N. 7., 6:840-43, and Writings of George 
Washington, ed. Jared Sparks, 2:6, 11-13. 

3 Abstract from June 3, 1 749-June 1 8, 1 754. See Appendix. 



404 Sir William Johnson Papers 

* 

ORDERS TO OFFICERS OF THE SECOND BATTALION 

D. S. 

June 6, 7754 
<Orders> 

Whereas I have received severall Accounts of the French of 
<Canada> threatning a Discent on some part of this County, 
& last Night an Express arrived at my House importing the same, 
and that they were Actually Marched. Wherefore I think it 
for His Majesty's Service, as well as the safety of the Inhabitants 
of this County in particular that the Militia be kept in such Order, 
and readiness as that they may be fitt to March at a Moments 
Notice should the French attempt any such thing as from their 
Proceedings lately, and daily Behaviour we have no reason to 
doubt they may. Wherefore you are required Imediately on 
Receipt of these my Orders, to send your Serjants to Warn your 
Company to hold themselves in readiness to March when and 
where required. Herof fail not. Given under my Hand this 6 th 
day of June 1 754 WM J QHNSON CoLL o. 

Coppy 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Coppy of my Orders 

June 6* 1754 
to all the Officers of y e . 
Second Battalion, 
on Ace", of an Express arrived 
w lh . news y l . y e . French were 
on their March this Way 

THE ALBANY CONGRESS 

This document is followed in the Johnson Calendar by Proceedings of 
the Congress of seven colonies at Albany on Indian affairs, with plan of 
union of eleven in one general government, June 1 9 July 1 1 (printed 
in Doc. Hist., N. y., 2:545-617; Q 2:317-60, and except commis- 
sions, in Doc. Rd. to Col Hist. N. y., 6:853-92) The Proceedings 
were not destroyed in the fire. In Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y., 
6:897-99, are printed Johnson's suggestions for defeating the designs of 
the French, read at the Albany Congress. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 405 

DEED OF LAND FROM INDIANS TO SOME PEOPLE OF 

CONNECTICUT 

Extract 

Extract from the Deed procured by some Connecticut People 

from the Indians Dated July 1 754 

Names of the Indians who signed the same 

Kahiktoton, Abraham Peters, William Taraghioris, Brant 
Kaweghnagey, Hendrick Peters, Teranoge, Canageagoaie, 
Caghowaghtuone, Seth Jestarara, Johanis Signagarat, Caristago, 
Senossis, Aquiota, Skaroyady, Tageghsadde, Skanarady 

2000 Y 1 Curr Consideration in hand paid 

1 705 Dollars paid in all 
Evidences James Sharp, Sy brant G. Vanscaick May r 2 Martin 

Lyddius, John Wendall, Jacob VanWorst Jun r 
Witnesses Ephraim Williams Junior, Joseph Kellog 
Boundaries Beginning from the 41 st Deg. of North Lat. at 
1 miles distance East of Susquehanna River, & from thence with 
a Northward Line, ten Miles East of the River to the 42 d or 
beginning of the 43 d . Degree North Latitude, and So to Extend 
West 2 Degrees of Longitude 1 20 miles, and from thence South 
to the beginning of the 42 d Degree, and from thence East to the 
aforementioned Bounds which is Ten Miles East of the Susque- 
hanna River, together &c. 

INDORSED: Extracts from the Deed procured by some Con- 
necticut People from the Indians for some Lands 
on the River Susquehanna in 1 754. 



1 York. 

2 Sybrant G. Van Schaick was mayor of Albany from 1 756 to 1 761. 



406 Sir William Johnson Papers 

FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. 

New York 23*. July. 1754 
SIR 

After a Passage of 4 days and a half we arrived here the 1 6 th . 
all in good Health: Since which we have had an Account of 
Major Washington's Defeat. 1 the inclosed is the News as we 
have it, tho' very imperfect. I can hardly credit that part of it, 
which says, our own Indians fought ag st . us. There is no Advice 
of the Affair from M r . Dinwiddie, but an Express is daily 
expected with it. I dare say when we hear the truth it will 
appear unfavourable enough on our side. It would be some Con- 
solation to us under this Loss, might we depend on its raising in 
the Colonies a proper Resentment, and put them upon raising 
Supplies of Men and Money, but I fear this is rather to be wish'd 
for than expected. A French Deserter who left them after they 
took the Fort at Monongahela, 2 says they had only 500 Men at 
that Time, but before the Season was over expected 4 000: If 
the Inhabitants begin to move off, as it is said they do, now when 
they have only 1 000 Men at most, and we near that number, tho 
not as yet collected, to oppose them, what a Panick will they be 
in, if the French should bring so many into the Field, and what 
will they say, whose Duty and in whose Power it is to prevent the 
impending Evil, if thro their Neglect all the back Settlements on 
that quarter should be abandoned, as is likely to be the Case in a 
very little time: Whatever they may say, I should have no objec- 
tion to their changing Situations with these poor Wretches, that 
they might from thence learn to compassionate the Misfortunes 
of others. 

I have inclosed an Account of all the Warrants drawn in your 
Favour, with my Observations as to the Warrant you thought you 
were still intitled to. If you have the Assembly's State of your 



1 Surrender of Fort Necessity, July 3, 1754. 

2 Duquesne. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 407 

Account, you will upon considering that, and by examining your 
Certificates, know if you have any thing more due than they, (the 
Assembly) allow you; and whether it can be drawn by Warrant, 
or is provided for already by any particular Act, or remains to 
be provided for. From the time you began to supply the Garison 
till you gave it up, Warrants ought to have been issued regularly 
for a single Command as directed in the Oswego Act, you will 
see by the inclosed how that Matter is, But as to the double Com- 
mand no Warrant can issue, unless directed by some particular 
Act, for as I have already observed the Oswego Act directs only 
for an officer and so many Men as is usually term'd a single Com- 
mand, I dont know how many, but the Act mentions it. 1 I shall 
keep the Certificates you gave me till I see you, as for ought I 
know you may have Money due upon it yet. 

I wrote the above yesterday, I went this Morning to M r . A: 
Golden to know where your Patent stop'd that I might set it for- 
ward by preferring a Petition in the Names of the Persons you 
delivered me when here, He read me that part of your Letter to 
him, desiring him to make no Object 11 , against the whole being 
granted : I believe you may depend on his as well as the Friend- 
ship of every other who can serve you in this Matter: But this 
Objection must be got over w ch . I suppose the Council will make 
and consider of. Whether as to the Crown's fourth part, if they 
should be inclined to grant it to you, they can let it pass upon the 
footing of the old Instructions. I shall not fail to suggest in your 
Behalf all the Reasons I may think of weight, particularly the 
Advantage which may redownd to the province from the Settle- 
ment of that part of the Country ; that People will hardly care to 
accept of Lands there on such high quit Rent, and that as to the 
Crown's 4 th ., as this Right arose by a Regulation of the Council, 
they might at any time give it up to the parties who purchased the 
Land. But then again sho'd they do this, as they well might con- 
sidering your publick Services, others might expect the same, and 



1 Twenty-five men and a doctor, The Colonial Laws of New York, 
3:367 (passed September 1, 1744). 



408 Szr William Johnson Papers 

use this Instance as an Argument. Let me know then if you 
please, whether if you cannot obtain the whole on the old Instruc- 
tions, you will desire a Grant of the Crown's part on the Terms 
of the new Instructions. Think whether among the List of Names 
you gave me, there be not any disabled to convey Viz*. Foreign- 
ers unnaturalized or Persons under age, if so, change them for 
others, I dont suppose I have mislaid your List, but when you are 
writing you may send me down another. Are there no other 
Persons, of the same Name, if so, they must be distinguished by 
proper Additions I am very ^ticular because I would avoid all 
Obstructions to the finishing the Affair. You remember the 
Blank for Butlers Lott in your Indian Deed, which M r . A 
Golden tells me his Brother surveyed and left the Map or Survey 
of with you, neither he or myself care to insert the Boundaries of 
this Lott in the Deed if we had them, and therefore I am laid 
under the necessity of sending it inclosed, that you may do it 
your self, especially as it is in your own hand Writing the deed 
is drawn : and this is the Reason why the Affair must stop till you 
return me the Deed. On looking into the deed I found your List 
of which I send you a Copy which you may return with remarks 
if there be any Occasion for them. I can think of nothing else 
about this Affair except it be where I shall get Cash to pay the 
Attorney General, the rest it may perhaps be in my Power to 
manage one way or other. Be very full if you please in your 
Answer, that I may without troubling you again, carry the thing 
through. 

As to M c .Kellips Purchase, M r . Golden, mistaking the Line 
of one of the Lotts in Wageners Patent, for the general line or 
Boundary of the Patent, has included of Wageners about one 
third of what he surveyed for M c .Kellip: I suppose the Indians 
would readily give him as much in any place contiguous, but I 
doubt if there be any vacancy near or adjoining: Until I see 
M r . C Golden I dont know whether it may be worth while to take 
a Patent for the quantity left which is about 3000 @ or little 
more, and to be divided among five ; So that I must desire if the 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 409 

Indians want any thing to be advanced on the Note, which I 
understand you have signed, you will not let them have it. I 
have nothing further to add but that I am with very great regard 

D'Sir 

Your most Obed*. 

hble Servant 

Gw BANYAR 
COL. JOHNSON 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: July 23 d . 1 754 

Goldsborrow Banyars Letter 
Concerning my Pattent 



TO GOLDSBROW BANYAR 

Df. 

Mount Johnson, July 29 th . 1754 
SIR. 

Your kind favour of the 23d. Inst. I received last Night, and 
assure You it gave me great pleasure to hear of Your & the rest 
of the Gentlemens Safe arrival & short passige. 

the verry oblidgeing manner in which you write to me together 
with your well timed care of my Affairs there, demand my hearty 
thanks, and at all times my most particular Acknowledgement. 

The Unlucky defeat of our Troops Commanded by Major 
Washinton gave me the Utmost Conscern. I have been 
always of opinion Since I knew our weakness there, that we 
should be banged by the French, and that, that would be attended 
with verry bad consequences. I am afraid we will, now first 
begin to feel the sore effects of it, for this will not only animate 
the French, & their Indians, but stagger the resolution of those 
inclined to Us, if not effectually draw them from our Interest. 
It will also be a Means of makeing all the out settlers of the 
Southern Colonies break up, who lie quite exposed, (as well as 
Us) to the ravages & cruelty of every little Scalping party of 
French, and Indians, Who doubtless will now be employed 



410 Sir William Johnson Papers 

against them, this may with all ease be done, as they have only 
to send out detachments from their Severall new Garrisons, and 
paultry Commanderies against the back Settlements Capable of 
makeing no defence against such a private & Blood thirsty pack 
of Devils. I wish Washington had acted with prudence & Cir- 
cumspection requisite in an officer of his Rank, and the trust at 
that time reposed in him, but (on considering the affair) I cant 
help Saying he was verry wrong in many respects, and I doubt 
His being too ambitious of acquiring all the honour, or as much 
as he could, before the rest Joined him, and giveing to much 
Credit to the reports or Acc'ts. given by the French deserters, 
(which did not at all Shew him the Soldier) was the rock on 
which he Splitt. he should rather have avoided an Engagement 
until our Troops were all Assembled, for Marching by Detach- 
ments in such a close country, and against such an Enemy, will 
never do, w* 1 . if you observe, Y 1 . always find it so. for my own 
part, from the small experience, & knowledge I have of the 
French management &c. and of our disunited State on the con- 
tinent, I can without much of a Prophetick Spirit foresee the ruin 
of this country verry shortly without the imediate interposition of 
his Majesty & Parliament, which I most earnestly wish, and 
warmly pray for above all things, as nothing else will save us, 
who seem not at all inclined to help ourselves, or so much infatu- 
ated that we will not. excuse my saying so much on this subject, 
my Passion raised by our Misconduct & to say no worse hurried 
my pen farther than I intended. 

As to the officers Certificates, I cant tell whether I delivered 
them all to Gov r . Clinton, or not. I was verry careless about 
them I must own at that time, little imagineing I should ever have 
the least difficulty in getting my money so justly due, this I know 
that I supplied oswego garrisons, then consisting of one hundred, 
men, half regulars, and half militia with the last half years Pro- 
visions, w* 1 . Harkemer &ca were by their contract oblidged to 
furnish, And from that time, which I think was May 1 746 I 
supplied s d . garrison with Provisions Until May 1 749, which in 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 411 

all was three years and a half. It is impossible for me to know 
what still remains due for that Service, the Payments made 
were so confused intermixed, & puzzling, as tho, there had been 
some design in it. By the inclosed Coppy of the Assemblys 
Genteel Settlement of my Acc ts . You will see they allow 288 
to be due Still, & to be paid by Warrant. I herewith send you 
some receipts I had among my papers, also them you gave me 
out of the office last year, w h . I think should remain w th . you. 
this I am certain of, that there is money due to me still for supply- 
ing Oswegoe let the mistake be were it will, and I hope it may 
now be settled, so that I can get my Money. 

As to the Lands purchased and paid for by me last year, 
adjoining Steven's Pattent, I am resolved (If I cannot have the 
whole agreable to M r . A: Coldens draught, together with the 
vacancy between Butler * as inserted in the Indian deed) to 

let it drop intirely, or lye as it is. for I thought my makeing so 
large a settlement, and so much to the Northward as I intended, 
and have begun would (from the great benefit it must certainly 
have been to the Publick) rather meet with all the Encourage- 
ment, such an Undertakeing deserved, than otherwise. You are 
pleased to observe it would be a president for others, if it should 
be thought so I am, and ever have been far from being fond, or 
in the least desireous of setting an 111 president, tho I must beg 
leave to say I know of no Case parrallel to it, even exclusive of 
any merit in me or the least regard for any services I may have 
done the Crown, or country, where is there a man, of all those 
who have taken up great tracts of land in these parts a Century 
ago I may say and ever since, who has ever been Publick 
spiritted enough to settle a Family back in the woods as I have, 
and am still resolved to do? Altho not possesed of it above a 
year. I could say a great deal more on this Subject, but desist, 
only adding that if the Gov r . & c . should think proper to grant the 
whole agreable to the survey, I have for that purpose returned 
the Indian Deed as compleat as I could make it, without getting 



1 Vacant place in the manuscript. 



412 Sir William Johnson Papers 

a new one which in my present hurry of business, would be to 
much trouble. I have desired Mess rs . Golden & kelly to advance 
you the money for the Kings Attorney, the rest I shall make up 
I hope whenever I go to York, at the same time I am extremely 
oblidged to you for your kind offer. I have altered some of the 
names w h . were to be inserted in the Pattent, as part of them are 
removed from hence, you need not be anyway uneasy at my 
taking in the garoge Creek, 1 for should your lott fall there, I will 
give you what part of s d . Creek you may want to make your lott 
compleat I cant think your right will come so far back as to inter- 
fere with mine, after all this should the gov rs . counsil & c make 
any difficulty about granting the whole, I would then desire to 
let it lye as it is, w h . I mentioned before so often that makes need- 
less repetitions 

I am sorry for the disapointment you are like to meet with, in 
that purchase of M c .Kellops, I question whether there be any 
lands vacant, Contiguous worth takeing up, I can say little ab l . 
it as I am an entire stranger to that part of the country, but this 
I can assure you, that if M c Kellop, or any other for you can 
find any land thereabouts worth adding to that already Surveyed, 
my good offices shall not be wanting in the affair and altho I have 
given the Ind ns . my Note of hand for the money, they shall not 
have it without your Orders, w* 1 . in this or anything else shall 
always be duly regarded by S r . 

Your Sincere Welwisher 

& Hum ble . Servant 
GOLDS BORROW BANYAR Esq r . 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : July 29 th . 1 754 

Coppy of a Letter to 
Golds B row . Banyar 



In Fulton county. 






Period of Peace, 1749-1755 413 

ORDERS TO JACOBUS VAN SLYCK 
Df. 

Orders 

August 30, 1754 

As the French of Canada with their Indians have now com- 
mitted hostilities within this County in open Violation of the 
Treaty subsisting between that Crown & Us, by treacherously 
Attacking and distroying the Settlement of Hosock * I think his 
Majesty's Service as well as the safety of the People of this part 
of the County calls aloud upon us now to exert ourselves, and 
guard against any attempt, or perfidious Schemes, which may be 
conscerted, or tryed, by that vile set of people, who are void of 
Sincerity, and regardless of all faith & Treaties; In Order to do 
which, as far, as in us Lyes, you are hereby required, to see that 
all the Companys there be Instantly equipped, & provided with 
proper arms, and amunition and that you keep a strict watch in 
Town, where it may appear to you, and the officer there to be 
most serviceable. The guard must be regular, and not allow'd 
to Commit any Indecencys, or give any Insults to the Kings Gar- 
rison there, as I am Sorry to hear, has been done heretofore. You 
are to make a Report to me of the State of the Block houses & c . 
there, and let me know were your guard mounts & the Number. 

Hereof fail not. 

Given under my hand at 

Mount Johnson, this 30 th day of 
August 1754. 

To CAPTAIN JACOBUS VANSLYKE 
or in his absence to the most 

Commanding officer In Schenectady 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : August 30 th . 1 754 

Coppy of my orders 
to Cap*. Vanslyke 
on Hosocks being cutt off. 



2 7, 1754. 



414 Sir William Johnson Papers 

n 

TO JAMES DE LANCEY 

In Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:642-44, is a letter from Johnson to James De 
Lancey on means of defending Oswego and his endeavors to maintain the 
efficiency of the militia, dated September 8th. 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. 

Nev> York 25 th : September 1754 
DEAR SIR: 

I have your agreable Favour of the 29 July but was willing 
to wait the Event of the Petition I gave into the Council in your 
Behalf for the whole 24,000 acres, before I did myself the 
pleasure of answering it. if the Doctor 1 has not through the 
hurry of his affairs, forgot to write or tell you the Reception it 
met with when it was referred, and before the Committee; I 
believe you must have had no opinion of its passing; it is how- 
ever to mine, and I hope to your great satisfact". passed unani- 
mously, on the Terms of M r . Clintons Instruct 8 . Your own 
merit and publick Services carried it through. Schuyler's, is not 
yet reported, tho referred some weeks before yours, nor will the 
Dispute that Hendrick and his Son came down to the Governor 
about, relating to this Land be alone sufficient to induce the 
Council to grant the whole; if the whole passes, it must be on 
Condition that 4000 acres of it be for two of the Board, and 
other 4000 @ of it, the Parties consented the Major and myself 
should have, instead of 3000 we loose by this unreasonable inter- 
position of the Indians, a Mischief to which there's likely to be 
no End, if such barefaced demands meet with a Compliance; it 
is true, we gain 1000 acres, but we pay as much again as we 
should if no Controversy had been raised about it. I cou'd wish 
to be no further concerned, rather than in Lands attended with 
these disputes I can declare on my part they were unlocked 
for. 



1 Dr Richard Ayscough. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 415 

I am seriously concerned for the late Mischief done at Hoseck, 
but am I confess inclined to believe they will not carry it so farr 
as the People in your County apprehend, tho I am a little Shaken 
in my opinion when I consider the Intelligence from the Gov r . 
of New Hampshire, who in a -tre 1 to our Governor reced. last 
Saturday (the 21 st .) informs him, that the Enemy have killed 
or taken, about twenty Persons, and that this has occasioned the 
breaking up of above thirty new Townships, not single Settle- 
ments; The Governor is fully of opinion that a Company of 
Rangers both whites and Indians, would be of great Service, but 
you know he cannot raise Money, and nobody he supposes will 
stirr upon the Faith of the Governm*' 8 paying them ; let them pay 
you, and perhaps it may induce some to venture again. I should 
not wish to see you among the Number: Large Supplies are 
expected to be granted at the next Meeting of the Assembly, to 
answer which, it is imagined they will have recourse to the old 
expedient of striking Bills. If so, the Governour will lay hold of 
this, or the first favourable juncture to recommend the Payment 
of the Moneys advanced by you, and not barely recommend it, 
but use all his Interest with the Members : from his hearty expres- 
sions to serve you in this Affair, and the Conversation I have had 
with M r . Watts, on the Subject, I cannot doubt you will, e'er it 
be long, receive the whole of your demand, except Interest, which 
tho' justly due, they will probably keep back, to deterr others 
from advancing, or at least so liberally, as it is said you have 
done, meaning for the maintainance of the French Gentlemen and 
their Attendants. There would be no great appearance I think, 
should they even allow you Interest, that others would run such 
risques for the future. It is very probable the Governor will press 
the Assembly to provide for Rangers, which there is as great like- 
lihood they will comply with, as that they will make a Provision 
for placing the management of Indian affairs in the Hands of the 
only Person that has any Influence or Interest among them In 
how strange a light must this Conduct appear to every unpre- 

1 Letter. 



416 Sir William Johnson Papers 

judiced Person, were I to stop to make Reflections of this sort, 
whither must they carry me. I shall therefore only say that I 
heartily join in the Prayer of the Author of the summary view 
&c in the last Gazete printed here, since I look upon a Plan of 
that nature as the only cure to this political Malady. 

The Ohio Expedition wears but an indifferent aspect at present. 
You see in the Papers the 20,000 the Virginia Assembly voted, 
miscarried; the dispute mentioned is this: He insisted (the Gov r . 
I mean) on a Pistole Fee for every Patent that had been granted 
tho not signed or issued by his Predecessor, exceeding 400 @ ; 
The assembly opposed it so strongly, that they sent a Repre- 
sentation against him, the Result of which was that he is not to 
have any Fee for those Patents then in the office, but in lieu of it, 
is to have a pistole for every one he shall grant exceeding 50 
acres. The sollicking this Matter cost them 2500 their Currency, 
and to pay this they tack'd a Clause to the Bill for the 20,000, 
which the Council would not pass, and they are now prorogued 
to the 17 th : next Month. 

I have understood you recommended the present Sherif * to be 
continued the ensuing year. The Governor would gladly have 
obliged you in this, but so great is the Clamour ag st . him in 
Albany on account of the late Affair, that he thinks when you 
reflect upon it, you will be of opinion with him that he ought not 
to be continued: The Members just before they went recom- 
mended one Yates, 2 who I imagine will be appointed, tho it will 
be as far as I can find barely from the Recommendation. How- 
ever political it may be esteemed in a Governor to give into such 
Recommendations, without Exception as has been almost always 
the Case when a Governor has been well with his Assembly, 
that he might preserve this Influence among them: Yet so few 
and trifling are the favours a Governour wants at their Hands, 
that it would be more for his Honour, and evidently more for the 
Interest of the province to appoint only fit Persons in every office; 

1 Richard Miller, see Banyar to Johnson, October 2, 1754. 

2 Abraham Yates, idem. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 417 

Every Body knows the assembly have generally in their view to 
secure their next Election by this means, and therefore pay little 
Regard to the other qualifications of the persons. 

The Governor in one of his late Letters to you desires you will 
freely write your Sentiments upon Indian Affairs: He must 
undoubtedly be much obligd to you, since no one else that I know 
of, can give him any material Information on this Point. The 
publick can have little Reason to think you will give yourself 
much Concern about Indian affairs from the Treatment you have 
met with at the Hands of their Representa But I am far 

from believing you will, tho you might very justly, carry your 
Resentment this length. It is impossible for any one, who has 
Interest and Abilities in these Matters equal to your Self, to sit 
as an unconserned Spectator, and tho for want of the proper 
Supplies, as well as proper Measures being taken, any thing you 
might suggest cannot have its full Effect, yet even under these 
difficulties, any hints from you might be of great use: I have 
done on this Subject, I only mention'd it, because by your Silence 
on this Head you gave the Governor Reason to make the Request 
to you. 

I shall go on with your Patent. M r . Colden will pay the Att^. 
Gen ls . Fees, and I suppose wait till he sees you to settle his own, 
the Governor will take a Note for his and the Secretary's shall 
be no Obstacle to the Sealing the Patent. If you have any other 
Business here that requires your presence, should your affairs 
with the assembly come upon the Carpet, as I believe they will, 
especially if they go to striking, it must be of infinite Advantage 
to you to be on the Spott : the Governor you may be assured will 
push the Matter the first favourable Opportunity. 

The Dover is come in, 6 weeks from London, but as it was the 
time of grand vacation, I mean from Business among the great 
Folks, who were all retired into the Country, there is not you 
may depend upon it a Syllable of News. The Gov r . has not a 
Line. I sent to M r Colden just now to know if he had any 



1 Representatives. Last syllable omitted in the manuscript. 
14 



418 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Letters for you, that I might send them by this opportunity by 
Land he sent me the inclosed, & acqd. me you had no more 
Letters in the Londoner, and that he had nothing in particular to 
write to you. His Afairs here, or disinclination, will prevent his 
going into the Mohawks to survey this Fall, & he is doubtfull if 
Cadwallader will go. M r . Dies too, to whom he would have 
given a deputation, cannot go at this time, So that, its probable 
we shall have no Surveys this Fall. I have only three deeds of 
purchase, from the great number of Lycences granted. I imagine 
some of them have joined together, I believe I shall be obliged 
to trouble you soon with Accounts of the Fees due from these 
persons, some of them having applyed by Memorandum from 
you. Do you think there's any danger to be apprehended from 
the Indians in going upon Surveys in the Woods where Magin 
has purchased. You see I am plaguily straitned for want of room 
and am unwilling to begin another Sheet least I should trouble 
you with more Nonsense. I wish you'd write oftner and believe 
me to be as I truely am without any Reserve as you see from my 
Freedom in giving My thoughts D r Sir 
your obliged Friend 

& mt obed* hble Serv*. 

To COL. JOHNSON. Gw ' BANYAR 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. 

New York 2 J - October 1754 
SIR 

M r . Lewis, M r . Colden's Deputy will deliver you this. As 
I told you in my last, M r . Ab Yates is appointed to succeed M r . 
Wilson * as Shf of Albany and M r . Hansen is appointed Mayor.* 



x This is evidently an error. Richard Miller was sheriff of Albany 
county October 1 749 to October 1 754, Howell and Tenney, History of 
Albany County, p. 156. 

2 Hans Hansen was mayor of Albany from 1 754 to 1 756. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 419 

Oliver DeLancey was chosen Alderman in the Room of Aid 
Stuyvesant, Philip Livingston in the Room of John Provoost, 
John Cruger in the Room of James Livingston & Evert Byvank 
in the Room of Alderman Benson, it is said there has not been 
such a Remove in the Corporation these many years. But to 
return to the Sherif of Albany, as the Governor proposed the 
removal of the present, to oblige your Assembly men, he will 
insist on their Interest in the Case of your Demand. Without 
speaking to the Council before, he plainly told them first, that 
you recommended the present Sherif to be continued, & that 
Abraham Yates Jun r . had been also recommended. The Council 
were unanimous in advising the appointment of the latter, giving 
as a Reason Wilson's Behaviour in the affair of Vanderhey den's 
Daughter. M r . Holland 1 is continued Mayor, & M r . Roberts 2 
Sherif. 

The Surveyor goes up late I think and am afraid will not have 
time to do every thing, but by all means get him to do your 
Susquehannah Purchase which is as yet on a very indifferent foot- 
ing. You must have an entire new Deed, but let it bear date as 
the former, tho the Certificates may be dated when given. If 
Magin wants Money to pay the Purchase of the Land back of 
the Germans, I have desired him to apply to you for the half of 
104 but was mistaken in the Sum it is only half of 72 which is 
36 but if he sho'd want more please to let him have it. I should 
be glad if it might be of any Advantage to you to supply Goods 
on this Occasion, Magin if he applies to you will I suppose have 
no objection, unless he is to pay his part in Goods. Be it as it 
will I can have no Objection, as the Sum to be paid is fixed. I 
suppose there will be some small presents as usual to be made. 
I have given M r . Lewis M c Kellips Deed that if the Indians will 
agree to give as much as M r . Colden run into Wageners Patent, 
he may obtain a new deed from them: But if that of Wageners 
is the only good Land in it, perhaps it may be better to decline 



1 Edward Holland, appointed mayor of New York in 1747. 

2 John Roberts, appointed sheriff of New York county in 1 753. 



420 



Szr William Johnson Papers 



it wholly. The Indians were to have let M c Killip have 1 0000 
acres whereas the purchase is only five, if they incline to make it 
up that quantity; or above the 5000, and the Land is good, I 
shall have no objection to allow them what you think reasonable, 
and in this Case I must desire you to pay the Money for nobody 
(of the Partners) will, or it may be are able to pay it. You see 
Sir I am giving you much trouble, but I hope it will be the last 
of this nature, and I know how extremely ready you are to oblige 
when in your Power. I wish it may be in mine to make equal 
Returns. I begin to think youl not give us the Satisfaction of 
seeing you here this Fall, If not, and you think you can send any 
Papers or Information that may be of Service in your Account 
with the Assembly pray send 'em. I am S r . 

your most obed* humble Servant 

Gw BANYAR 
7 OCP. 

We hear M r . Sharp (Gov r . of Maryl d ) is already gone with 
ab*. 200 Men to take upon him the Command of the Forces at 
Will's Creek & that either himself or M r . Dinwiddie has orders 
to draw on England for 20000 sterl. for this Expedition. M r . 
Colden tells me he has little hopes of your Susquehanah purchase, 
being almost persuaded it is already patented. 

ADDRESSED: To Col. William Johnson 

at Mount Johnson 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : October 2 d . 1 754 

M r . Banyars Letter 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 421 

TO GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. Df. S. 

M l . Johnson, October the 12* 1 1754. 
SIR 

being prodigiously Hurried, have only time to acknowledge 
the receipt of your always esteemed favours. Understanding 
that Ury Clock 2 is gone to York, with a verry villanous Intent 
of wronging Severall of his Partners, & cutting them out of their 
Shares (if he can) in that Land w h . He, & Nellus 3 purchased of 
the Conajoharees, when the Gov r . was at Albany. In behalf of 
himself and the rest, As they will not Sign a Bond he has drawn, 
whereby to oblidge them to pay whatever Ace" he May bring 
in, of extravigant charges & treats He says he has given the 
Indians, when He was busy to Sett them up against Tiddy 
M c .Gin & Compy. which they apprehend may be double the 
Sum of the lawfull purchase 80. Some who Joined him in y e . 
plott, as I hear have signed Said Bond, others who were not 
culpable, would not Sign itt, but told him they were ready, & 
willing to pay their proportion of the purchase, Survey & other 
charges attending y e . pattent. on w h . he declared he would try 
what he could do, meaning as they apprehend, that he would 
endeavour to outwitt & defraud them, which I hope may not 
Happen, as it would occasion as much uneasiness as ever between 
Us, & the Indians. I have been this day told he designs also 
to gett a Lycence to purchase a Tract of Land, which has been 
purchased (to his knowledge) above 20 years ago, & paid for 
by one Timberman, & others; part of it also, by Tiddy M c .Ginn, 
in partnership with others; it is between the two Canada Creeks; 



Mn Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y., 6:919, in a Representation 
to the King on the Proceedings of the Congress at Albany, from the Lords 
of Trade, dated Oct. 29, is a recommendation of the reappointment of 
Johnson as colonel of the Six Nations, with direction of Indian affairs. 

2 Also known as George Klock. 

8 Calendar of Land Papers, p. 284. 



422 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



this he does purely to ruin Some poor Familys who live on part 
of it, out of meer Malice. I think Him a very dangerous Man, 
and unworthy the least Notice being taken of what he says there. 
If you find him to be upon these Schemes, As I presume it is his 
only Errand, I beg you will give the governour a Hint of it, that 
He be not imposed upon. Excuse my troubling you with so 
much of that Fellow, whom I must say, I should be sorry if he 
Succeeded in his Villany. I am In much Haste, Yours Sincerely, 

wj 

To GOLDSBORROW BANYAR. 
INDORSED: October 12 th . 1754 

Coppy of a Letter to Banyar ab*. Clock 



HUBERT MARSHALL TO JOHN M. ROSEBOOM 
A. L. S. 

Fort Frederick 6 ih Noverrf. 1754 
DEAR ROSEBOOM 

I receiv'd Yours by Serj*. M c . Kenny and send Ten Suites 
of Cloaths by him as for Your Drumer he told You a Lye in 
saying I order'd him down I subsisted him several days in order 
to have sent him up with the Serjeant again & since which he is 
gone off for my part I can't gett Drumers every day so You 
must make shift till I can gett one & this must be Musterd and 
You need not mention his being gone & shall allow You his Pay, 
You Can gett Perry of the Gov rs . Compy. to do duty as Drumer 
& give him something for his trouble till I can provide You with 
One, as for the odd Man the next time You Come down it shall 
be settled for I spoke to Cap 1 Morris Yesterday about it so dont 
be Uneasy as to that Point, Roseboom as I am Your friend & 
will always be so, Pray take Care for You have Enemy's as 
well as my self & I am told a Complaint will be made against 
You that You have not Ten Men upon Duty dont take it Amiss 
what I write so wou'd have You be upon Your Guard & depend 
upon every thing in my power to serve You in the Mean time 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 423 

beg myne & Wifes with M rs Moores Compliments may be 
Acceptable to You & Your Wife & beg my Respects may [be] 
Acceptable to Col Johnson & pray keep good friends with him 
this is the Advice of 

Dear Roseboom 

Your Sincere friend & humble Serv*. 

HUBERT MARSHALL 

Pray Excuse bad writting 

having a Violent pain in my 

Hand that I can Scarce write 

Pray let me hear from You as often 

as You have Oppertunity & hope this 

will find You better in health 

ADDRESSED: To Capt John Mind 5 . Roseboom Commander of 

Fort William in the Mowhawks 

Per Serj*. Alex r M c Kenny 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. 

New York 30< h November 1754 
SIR 

The Governor has directed me to send you the Commissions 
for the Schenectady Companies which are agreable to the List 
inclosed in your Letter to him: I beg you'd be so good to direct 
the Person you intrust to deliver them to the Officers, to secure 
the Fees, which are 12 s . for the Major, 8 s for each Captain, 
and 6 s . for each Subaltern. There are no officers appointed for 
the other parts of the County, nor do I think the Governor has 
any List sent to him of Persons proper to be Commission'd ; how- 
ever I have not ask'd him lately, and the last time I spoke to him 
on this Subject, I understood he waited for a List, and I remem- 
ber in a Letter his Honour wrote you he desires you to consult 
with the Field Officers of the Regiment and recommend such 
as you think fit. 



424 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Captain Winne this day laid before the Council an Account 
of Disbursements made by the Commissioners of Indian Affairs 
in the year 1 746 amounting to 349 : 1 3 : OJ and other Accounts 
amounting together to 29 : 9 : 6 outstanding, and desired a War- 
rant might be granted to him for the Comm rs . at that time to 
receive from the Treasurer the 250 allowed by the Act of 
Assembly that year alledging that they had never received it: 
Upon this the Council ordered me to notify the Matter to you 
tHat if you have any Objections you may make them against 
issuing the Warrant, not knowing but that you had the direction 
of Indian Affairs part of the year 1 746 and may consequently 
have a demand out of the same Sum, in which Case they conceive 
you to be equally intitled with those who acted in the former 
part of the year. I am to desire your Answer, until when, the 
Council have defer'd the proceeding further. You see in the 
Votes what the assembly allowed for the Ononada Journey, but 
to the Surprize of every one who considers the Justice of your 
demand they have not given a Shilling for the other particulars 
in your Account. I am S r . 

your most obed*. humble Servant. 

Gw BANYAR 
COL. JOHNSON. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Novb r . 30 th . 1 754 

Golds Borrow Banyars 
letter. 

Major Jacobus Vanslyke's Commiss 11 . Dated Novb r . 2 d . 1754 

Nicholaus Grote Capt n . 1 sl . Compy. 

Garret Lansing Cap*. 2 d . D. 

Joh s . A. Bratt Cap*. 3 d . D. 

Alexander Lansing Cap 1 . 4 th . D. 

Hendk 5 . Wempel, 1 st . Lieut, of the 3 d . Company D. Date 

Petrus Vandreisen 2 d . D. of D. 

John Glen Ensign of the 3 d . Copy. 

Alexander Veder 1 st . Lieu*, of the fourth Company 

Andreas Trueax 2 d . Lieu*, of D. 



Period of Peace, 1 7 49-1 7 55 425 

Isack Glen Ensign of D. 

Johannis Vedder 1 st . Lieu 1 , of the 1 st Company D. Date 
Adam Vroman 2 d . Lieu 1 , of y e . 1 8t . C. 
Isack J. Trueax Ensign of D. 
Harmanus Bratt 1 st . Lieu*, of the 2 d . Company 
Ryneer Mynerdson 2 d . Lieut of the 2 d . Company 
Harmanus Jacb 8 . Vanslyke Ensign of D. Copy. D. Date all 
of them 1 

FROM WILLIAM SHIRLEY 

A. L. S. 
SlR Boston Dec r . 9 th 1754 

I send this with a letter to you from M r pownall by Express 
that I may be sure of their being safely deliver'd: M r Pownall 
having communicated to me the contents of his letter, acquainting 
you with the sentim ts . of His Majesty's Ministers at home with 
respect to their supporting the Indians of the Six Nations in the 
possession of their Lands, and redressing their Grievances, those 
of the Mohawk Castles in particular, w ch . is also confirm'd by 
the letters, w ch . I have had the honour to receive from them this 
day, I need not repeat those assurances to you in my letter, but 
shall referr you to his letter for them: and shall go on to desire 
you to let the Indians know, that I will espouse their Interest in 
the warmest manner both here, and with the King's Ministers 
from whom I doubt not to obtain for them not only Justice with 
respect to their Lands, but all the marks, w ch . they can reasonably 
desire of his MajX favour and Cordial attention to their Interests, 
in return for their fidelity to him, and dependence upon the Crown 
of Great Britain for protection; and I hope the ancient alliance 
between them & the English their first, and Constant Friends, 
will be still maintain'd notwithstanding any Neglect, or ill usage 
they may have received from any particular set of men, or 
Colony; and that I have an equal resentm* and Indignation at 



1 An A. L. S. of Johnson to Richard Peters, of December 9, 1754, 
was sold at Anderson's Galleries, February 1, 1905. 



426 Szr William Johnson Papers 

whatever wrongs they may have suffer'd, to that, which they 
have themselves. 

Be pleased in a particular manner, Sir, to let my Old Friend 
Hendrick know y l I have read over his Speech to the Commis- 
sioners of the Congress at Albany with great attention, and much 
like the spirit, he hath expressed in it, and that I retain the same 
good Opinion I at first conciev'd of him, when I saw him at 
Boston, and met him at Albany afterwards upon an Interview 
with the Indians of the Six Nations; and assure him that I will 
let the King's Ministers know how good a friend I look upon 
him to be to the English, of how much Importance his friendship 
is to them, and the great regard and Esteem, I have for him as 
well as the Dependance I have upon him for his future attachm* 
to the English Interest, w ch . I doubt not he will promote to the 
utmost of his power not only in his own, but the other Castles of 
Indians: and I must beg, Sir, that you will favour me with an 
answer by the return of the Express together with an ace* of 
your Sentim ts upon the present Disposition of the Indians, and 
what Measures, you <Vould> advise to be taken for retaining 
such of <them> as have deserted our Interest, and gone over to 
the French, preventing those who are wavering, from going over 
to it, and establishing those, who stand yet firm, in a closer 
attachm 1 , if possible, to us. 

I am perswaded, his Majy hath not a Subject, who knows so 
well how to gain the hearts of the Indians, and an Absolute 
Influence over them, as your self, and who hath exerted his dis- 
tinguish'd abilities for promoting his Majy* service, and the Eng- 
lish Interest among them so much; and if you will be pleas'd to 
let me know in what particular manner you think you can be most 
Instrumental in that service, I will represent, and recommend it 
to L d Halifax 1 in particular and Sir Thomas Robinson 2 with the 
same Cordial Zeal, w ch . I urged the Merit of your past Services 
to the Board of Trade, Secretary at Warr and Paymaster 



1 George Dunk Montagu, third Earl of Halifax. 

2 Secretary of State and leader of the house of commons. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 427 

General ab l five years ago, when the Consideration of your pay 
as Colonel of the Indian Regim*. came before them, & recom- 
mended you to his Majy's further favour and I doubt not but 
LA Halifax in particular will pay a just regard to your Services 
at this Critical Conjuncture. 

I am with great Truth and Esteem, Sir, 

Your most Humble Serv 1 

W SHIRLEY 

Be pleas'd to excuse the 
hurry and inaccuracy with 
w ch . this wrote, among a Crowd of people. 
COLONEL JOHNSON. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Decb r y e 9 th . 1 754 

Gov r Shirley's letter 
<$ Express. 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 

A. L. S. 

It Dec'. 1754 
SIR 

I have just time to lay hold of the Opportunity by the Express 
you sent, to say a few words to you: The doctor tells me you 
wonder I write nothing about your patent the truth is M r . Golden 
told me he thought it best to defer making a Return till M r . Lewis 
his deputy returned from the Mohawks; He is now returned but 
I dare say can give him no further Information in the Matter. 
I shall not fail to press him for your Survey that I may go on 
with the Certificate and Patent, as to the Fees I wrote you at 
large in a Letter I sent when the doctor was with you I wrote 
two others but had no Answer to either of them. Your Letter 
about Klock I received, and can only say that I will endeavour 
to get an Account of the charges of the Patent he pays here, and 
send you. the Expense he has been put to in the purchase & Sur- 
veying it will not be in my Power to send you any Account of: 



428 Sir William Johnson Papers 

When I was at Albany Klock apply ed for a Lye 1 to purchase 
the Land you mention, but there not being a number of the Coun- 
cil I told him he must wait till they came to New York. He 
has since brought down a Pet n . for Lycense to purchase about 
20000 a 2 to the Westward of Magin between the two Canada 
Creeks which now lyes before the Gov. and cannot be presented 
till the Method of proceeding is fixed in Relation to New Pur- 
chases. Magin, who is the only person that claims, which too 
is of pretty old standing, knows of it, and Klock has agreed not 
to interfere with the 12000 a 2 that Magin says he purchased; 
with those that are taking up Land there, he cannot interfere, as 
they are before hand with him. 

There is certainly a vacancy between Scotts Patent and that 
which the Gov r . is concerned in. Scott's Line was to run a cer- 
tain distance, and they fixed & supposed the Bounds to be 15 
chains further, and at this supposed Boundary the Gov rs . Patent 
begins. So that the mistake is the vacancy. The People who 
purchased Scotts Land purchased what Scott was intitled to, 
w ch . they have, and can have no more on a Scrutiny. It is 200 
acres the vacancy contains, and I for my part am very indifferent 
who has it, only this I would observe, that 'twill cost the People 
the value of the Land to patent it, and if you have a mind we 
should include it in our Patent, the People shall have the Refusal 
of it with both our Consents, Or they may take out a Grant for 
it themselves if they please: I should be glad to know your 
Sentiments on the Matter that we may proceed, for at present it 
puts a stop to our Patent. 

I should be glad to know whether the Survey of your Land 
includes the Creek as far as you are bound by it. In the upper 
part I see it crosses the Creek & runs on the West side about a 
mile: As to this last I shall make no Objection if M r . Golden 
will return it, But I cannot say so much, if you include the Creek 
all the way, as I understood from yourself was your Intention. 

1 License. 

2 Acres. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 429 

If M r . Lewis had done Magin's Survey I should then have wrote 
with certainty, and that he has not done it appears to me very 
unaccountable, his Excuse is trifling, and he has shewed not the 
least Regard to the Parties interested, tho a very great one to 
his own Convenience. I think this is the fourth time an attempt 
has been made to survey this Land, & as the Germans now are 
getting their Patent its possible it may not be surveyed at all for 
Magin. 

I have nothing further to add but that I am with great sin- 
cerity 

Sir 

your most obliged & faithful hble Servant. 

Gw BANYAR 
COL. JOHNSON. 

ADDRESSED: To The Hono ble William Johnson Esq r . 
at Mount Johnson 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Decb r . 1 1 th . 1 754 

Golds borrow Banyars letter. 



TO WILLIAM SHIRLEY 

Df. 
Mount Johnson Decemb r . 17, 1754 

May it please Your Excellency: 

After my most hearty congratulations on Your Excellencys 
reestablishment, 1 I am to acknowledge the Honour of Yours of 
the 9 th . Ins 1 , by the Express inclosing one from M r . Pownal. It 
gives me no small pleasure to find by both, that there is a proba- 
bility of his Majestys Ministers takeing into their consideration 
the present Shattered State of y e Six Nations, & their Allies. As 
a further neglect of them, I am Sensible would be attended with 
verry bad consequences, If not with the entire loss of them, and 



1 William Shirley was governor of Massachusetts from 1 74 1 to 49, 
1753-56. 



430 Sir William Johnson Papers 

with them everry other Indian in the Country. I will not take 
uppon me to say what may be the Consequences of such an 
Event, the Effects however I doubt, might be fatall to the British 
Interest upon this Continent. 

Your Excellencys desire I would give my Sentiments on y e 
present disposition of the Indians, as well as the measures proper 
to be taken for reclaiming those gone retaining, and more firmly 
attaching those left to us, Should be most chearfully complied 
with, or any thing else in my power but as that is a verry difficult 
task at present, and would lay me under a necessity of reviseing 
the conduct of the past, and present Management of them, which 
would make it prolix for your Excellencys perusal. I must beg 
leave only to observe; That the late (to witt, att the Commence- 
ment of y e last war) and present untoward, and fluctuating dis- 
position of the Six Nations, and their Allies (now verry consider- 
able) is in a great measure oweing to the contempt they have 
for those, who are entrusted with y e care of them, A set of 
People, (as y e Ind ns . express it) better Qualified for, & more 
conscerned in buying & selling than in adviseing, or consulting 
them, in what may regard The Honour of the Crown, the Interest 
of the Province or the well being of them, who, I am certain 
might be made a verry usefull Body of men, & the only Barrier 
against our troublesome Neighbours the French, who observe a 
different Conduct much to their advantage, and our detriment, 
as we have had woefull experience of last war. They never 
employ a trader or handler to Negotiate any Matter with the 
Indians, but a Kings officer in whatever capacity, Who is 
generally attended by a Retinue of Soldiers according to his 
Rank to denote his Consequence, if he is but a Lieu 1 or Ensign 
it is Sufficient to Command respect from those People, Who, 
tho somewhat warlike are actuated by their fears at a small 
appearance of Power. 

Upon the News of the first engagement at Ohio, Our friend 
Indians were in high spirits, but the last had a verry different 
Effect, of which, I have been an Eye, and ear witness to. Soon 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 431 

after the Seeming friendly Interview at Albany last June & 
imediately on the news of Washington's defeat, above two Hun- 
dred of the Six Nations went to Canada, as did also Severall of 
Both Mohawk Castles, the latter are return'd, the former are 
not expected untill the Spring, before time I fear many of them 
will be prevailed on to join the French & go to Ohio, as Severall 
of them have done last Summer, and those who may return will 
be so corrupted, & poisoned that they Seduce the rest,/ Notwith- 
standing all this, I am convinced their Naturall disposition would 
lead them to rejoice at our prosperity. & might (were all their 
greiviances redressed, their requests complied with, & proper care 
taken of them for y e . future) be made tractable, & active could 
they see any thing in our behaviour tending that way, but instead 
of that we are for the most part Spending our time in squabbles 
& Chit, Chat, while the French are indefatigable in their endeav- 
ours, and spare nothing at this Critical point of time to pervert 
them, which I am Sorry to See them Succeed in beyond expecta- 
tion & ye more so, as it might be prevented. The Eyes of most 
of the western & Southern Tribes of Indians are upon the 
behaviour of the Six Nations (as your Excellency may see an 
Instance of in the Shawanos answer lately to the Twightwees) 
Who, doubting, and Indeed (from the present Scituation of 
affairs) not without reason dispairing of being supported, or pro- 
tected by us, act only a timid, and (wish I could say) neutral 
part. This I conceive to be pritty near their Modren State. 

To advise what Measures to be taken for reclaiming the great 
Number of the Six Nations already gone to the French, & secur- 
ing the few left more steadfastly to his Majesty s Interest, Is task 
Sufficient for a better genius. However, willing to serve your 
Excellency and my Country, I shall humbly offer my thoughts 
in a few words, & are those. being convinced, the cause of 
their present defection principally proceeds from the before men- 
tioned reasons, an entire and Speedy Reformation I conceive is 
indispensably necessary, that done dispossessing the French at 
Ohio, Establishing Garrisons in ye most Commodious places in 



432 Sir William Johnson Papers 

their Countrys, redressing their greiviances with regard to Lands 
fraudulently obtained, & taken from them ; often to my knowledge 
complained of to different Governours, & as yet Unnoticed or 
thought so by them, who are more uneasy about it than People 
Imagine particularly two Pattents, (the Property of the two 
Castles of the Mohawks) Viz*. Kanadarusseras alias Queens 
Borough, 1 lying between the Mohawk & Hudsons River, contain- 
ing ab* Seven Hundred thousand Acres Yet unsettled, & 
undivided, & pays only 4 ^ Annum Quit Rent. The other is 
a Pattent w h Phillip Livingston & others got for the Verry 
Castle of the Conajoharees includeing all the Indians Houses, 
Corn Lands &ca Surveyed by Moon light, & never sold by them. 2 
if those (which are the Grand Points) were imediately Settled 
to their Satisfaction, other Complaints, & Greiviances of less 
Moment; together with their Wants of Everry kind could be 
redressed, & Supplied by whatever Person May have the Man- 
agement of their affairs, if properly Supported, this I hope may 
be thought Sufficient at present, without enumerateing any more 
requisites to ground any thing yet designed upon. 

The Honour Your Excellency, (distinguished for your well 
known Judgement in Indian affairs &ca) is pleased to do me, by 
your approbation of my abilities to Serve his Majesty in that 
way, much exceeds my small share of merit but thus much I can 
modestly assert, that your Excellency's good opinion of my 
services to my Country, gives me the greatest Satisfaction imagin- 
able, under the present Maltreatment and great losses I have sus- 
tained by a partial injurious treatment from the Assembly of this 
Province who, notwithstanding the many applications made to 
them by me, & backed by the former, & present, Governour for 
the payment of a considerable Sum of money, advanced for the 
Service of the Government Severall years ago by orders of M r . 



1 Granted to Nanning Harmensen & Co., October 22, 1 708, Calendar 
of Council Minutes, p. 222 and Calendar of Land Papers, p. 89. 

2 See William L. Stone, Life and Times of Sir William Johnson, 
2:176-84. 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 433 

Clinton in Council, (Who if I mistake not told me part of it 
was also by Your Excellency s advice, & approbation) now abso- 
lutely refuse the payment thereof, altho Severall times well 
attested agreable to a Resolution of that House that no Acc tts . 
should be allowed but those Sworn to. 

As I have had the Honour of Serveing his Majesty as Collonel 
of a Regiment, as well as the care, & Superintendancy of the Six 
Nations, & their Allies Severall Years, (and are yet a Heavy 
Burthen on me) and lived Seventeen Years in their Neighbour- 
hood I must acknowled I am no Stranger to their Customs & 
Manners. Yet for me to point out everry particular method, 
and Step necessary for a Gentleman employed in that Service 
to know, or take, might I am apprehensive appear Something 
opiniated, but this much I venture to add, to what I've already 
Said, that Whoever his Majesty may think worthy of such 
an Important Trust, ( ATrust in my Humble opinion of verry 
great consequence,) should be vested with as much power 
as the nature of the thing may admit of, and intirely independant 
of any American Assemblys Approbation for the payment of 
money expended in that Service, as that would certainly be the 
means of frustrateing his Intentions, or best endeavours, be them 
ever so Sanguine. 

These are Sir my Sentiments, and the only effectual method I 
can think of reclaiming those of the Six Nations already gone, 
and attaching those yet remaining steadfastly to his Majestys 
Interest, to which my Love, loyalty, & Live are ever devoted, 
abstract from his favours already conferred on me. 

Should his Majesty deem me worthy of that important trust, 
and enable me to discharge it properly, by laying aside all other 
business, and allowing me to choose, and employ such People 
as I might Judge proper under me, the remainder of my Life 
Should be entirely devoted to his Service. 

I Hendrick is gone to Philadelphia a few days ago, as soon as 
he returns shall acquaint him with Your Excellency's kind expres- 
sions, and favourable opinion of him, which I am Sensible will 



434 Sir William Johnson Papers 

% 

make him verry proud, as he greatly esteems Your Excellency's 
friendship. 

least this might not Sufficiently answer Your Excellencys 
expectations, being wrote in a great Hurry, I transmit herewith a 
Copy of some of my own remarks, (made this time past) on 
Indian affairs & the State of them (which I exhibitted last June 
to the Board of Commissioners then met there) for Your Excel- 
lencys perusal, and heartily wish they may be thought worthy 
your Notice, permit me now Sir, to offer my congratulations on 
your good Success in your late Expedition up Kinnebeck River, 
as well as with the Severall Tribes of Indians Inhabitting them 
parts, and to greet your Excellency with my warmest wishes for 
a long & happy chain of life, adequate to Your great, & well 
established Merit. 

Sensible of the loss this Country in particular must feel, when 
Governour Shirley shall be no more 

I am with all due respect & the greatest deferrence 

Your Excellencys Most obliged Humble Servant 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Coppy of my letter to Governour 

Shirley & Express 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 

A. L. S. 

New York 18 th December 1754 
SIR 

When the Doctor imbarked the 1 6 he desired I would inclose 
your papers to you in his Absence which I shall do with a great 
deal of Pleasure, as it will afford me the Satisfaction of a regular 
Correspondence with you, at least on my part, in which tho you 
will have no great matter of Entertainment from a person, who 
on account of his Business has not leisure, if his Genius in the 
Epistolary way enabled him to be amusing, yet you may depend 
on having the earliest and best Intelligence of the Occurrences I 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 435 

think worthy your Notice: Parker's Paper 1 has every thing 
material that is inserted in Gain's, 2 except the Names of the 
officers ordered to their Posts. James Pitcher Esq r . is the Com- 
missary of the Musters of all the Forces, is arrived at Boston 
and expected daily here to muster our 2 Comp 8 . he writes, and 
then proceeds to Virginia. He will be spared that Trouble and 
the officers the Chagrin at the indifferent Appearance they would 
probably make. A General who is to command all the Forces 
who it is said is Col. Braddock, that lately commanded at Gib- 
raltar, and a Deputy Quarter Master General, were to set out 
immediately to have every thing in Readiness for the Forces. 
There are about 3000 Men to be raised in America, 1000 for 
each of Shirleys & Pepperels Regiments, 400 to be divided 
between the two Irish Regiments which at present consist only of 
500 each. What's to be done with the remaining 600 Men I 
cant tell, It does not appear yet, Suppose they be incorporated 
with our 4 Ind 1 . Comp 8 . & form'd into a Regiment, it is possible. 
So far upon Authority. 

M r . Pownall writes the Forces are to rendesvous here. But 
surely if any at all, it must be the New England Regiments only. 
It seems as if they were all destin'd for Virginia: But on the 
General's arrival he'll order them we may suppose where wanted 
most. A Number of them will be wanted on our Frontiers, if not 
to make an attempt on Niagara, where in my humble opinion we 
should bend our chief strength, yet to guard us from the French, 
who as we are open will probably attack us to divert our Force 
from the Ohio. A very late Letter to Capt n . ffarmer from his 
Brother who is a Captain in Ireland, says the Orders for the 
departure of the Forces, were countermanded. I hope amidst 
all their Veterans they will think a few Indians necessary, and 
that it is of as much Consequence to restore them to good temper 
and keep them so, as to send over soldiers &c from Europe. I am 



1 James Parker's New York Cazette and Weekly Post-boy. 

2 Hugh Game's New York Mercury. 



436 Sir William Johnson Papers 

in hopes the General will have directions for this End the Letters 
being Silent. The Letter mentioned above to Capt. Farmer is 
I hear since dated the 27 Oct., which being from Ireland, and 
S r . Thomas Robinson's from London being the 26 th there can be 
no truth in the Forces being countermanded at that time. 

I should be glad to know where the New England People 
intend their Settlement, if my Information is right it must be 
considerably to the Southward of what we allow to be Penn's 
North Line, & consequently cannot affect the Land you proposed 
to purchase. It is I am well assured excellent Land, for which 
Reason I imagine M r . Penn will not suffer 'em to settle without 
paying him for the Land. Somebody was saying the French 
King intended shortly to publish a Manifesto asserting his Right 
to the Lands on the Ohio. I never saw the Treaty of Aix La 
Chapelle, you have it I think, I should be glad you'd peruse 
it, and let me know if any thing is stipulated as to the different 
Claims in America, and what? Or whether things are left on 
the same footing as they were by the Treaty of Utrecht. I am 
with my best Wishes S r . 

Your m*. obed*: hble Servant 

Gw BANYAR 

ADDRESSED: To The Hono ble William Johnson Esq 

at Mount Johnson 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Decb r . 1 8, 1 754 

Golds Borrow Banyars letter 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. 

NCTV York 24 December 1754 
SIR 

My last with the Post covered the Votes and News-Paper, 
this does the latter. Sunday M r . Pitcher arrived in Company 
with Cap*. King appointed for the Governors Company. By 
these Gentlemen we have a certain Account of Cap 1 . Clarke's 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 437 

having sold his Company for 1 400 Sterl to * a Gentle- 

man now in Halifax. The General is Col. Braddock whom I 
mentioned in my last, who was gone to Ireland before these 
Gentlemen came from London. M r . Pitcher says (I hear) that 
Pepperel's 2 Regiment is to be posted in this province, Shirley's in 
Massachusetts and the two Irish in Virginia, at least until the 
General orders otherwise. He gives the Engineer, M r . Montre- 
sore * ^ paper designed this way a great character and says there 
are a parcel of fine Fellows coming out for Officers. I wish them 
and the Men they are to command were already on the Spott, 
that we might be able to look Mon seur in the Face. I sent 
Ogilvie the intelligence of last Week which if they hadn't got it 
earlier will put them all into High Spirits. 

I imagine these preparations if made a proper use of will give 
us a favourable Opportunity to regain our Indians and attach 
them closer to us than ever, however I rather hope than expect to 
see the proper Measures taken to this End, unless the direction 
is placed in other Hands by Orders from home. 

Last Night I received a Letter from M r . Ogilvie in which he 
informed me that an Express passed some time before With 
Letters on the publick Service for you, so I imagine the Intel- 
ligence I give you will be only a Repetition of what you knew 
before. If any thing further be wrote to you which you may 



1 Name omitted in the manuscript. 

2 Sir William Pepperrell was born at Kittery Point, Me., in 1 696 
and died at Kittery in 1 759. He was bred to trade, which he followed 
with success. In 1 726 he represented Kittery in the Massachusetts legis- 
lature, and the following year became a member of the council. Appointed 
a captain at the age of twenty-one, he attained to the command of the 
Maine militia ; and in 1 745 led the New England forces in the expedition 
to Cape Breton, to the success of which his skill and energy notably con- 
tributed. A baronetcy was conferred upon him in recognition of this 
service; and a short time before his death he was made a lieutenant general. 
Sir William lived in a style of much magnificence on his immense estate. 

8 James Montresor; later, colonel and chief engineer in America. See 
Collections of the New Yorfy Historical Society, 1881, for portrait and 
journals. 



438 Sir William Johnson Papers 

think proper to communicate I shall be glad to hear it: M r . 
Shirley I hear is closely confin'd to his Politicks, so that some 
extraordinary affair is thought to be in agitation. He has stop'd 
the Vessells bound to Halifax, and ordered the number of Slaves 
in Boston to be taken: His Son is appointed a Captain and 
expected this way to raise a Company in Pensilvania. Klock 
has got the Patent by which all the Partners will find themselves 
secured, it being granted to 15 in trust for the other 20 whose 
Names are mentioned in it. Besides the charges paid here now 
which amount to 419 5 6 for the Gov r . Secretary Atty Gen 1 & 
Surveyor Gen. & Auditor General, there is to be accounted for 
among the Partners thirty five pounds paid for the Survey, two 
hundred dollars for the purchase besides what private presents 
there may be; He will also have a demand, pretty considerable 
too I Imagine for his frequent Journeys to this place & Albany 
and his Expenses during those times. The Expense of chain 
Bearers I suppose are well known. If any dispute arises among 
them it will be advisable to refer it to Arbitration, and they 
should draw Lotts immediately and the 1 5 patentees must all join 
in the Conveyances to the rest, the latter having no absolute Title 
till then. I dont know how they will get them well drawn up 
there, but care ought to be taken that they be well drawn. Klock 
has taken up all the Money and must pay interest for it till it is 
discharged, and besides giving Bond, from him and Nellis, to 
M r . Earnest, they leave the patent in his Hands as a further 
Security 

I am S r . 

your m*. obed*. humble Servant 

Gw BANYAR 
COL. JOHNSON 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Decb r . the 24 th . 1 754 

A Letter from Golds Borrow 
Banyar 

By Ury Klock 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 439 

TO GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. Df. S. 

Decb' the 27* 1754 
SIR 

Yours of the 30 th . Ult. and the 1 1 th . & 18 th . Ins*, with much 
pleasure came Safe to Hand, w tl \ Commissions for the Sche- 
nectady officers, from whom I shall order the Lieu*. Coll , to 
receive the Fees, e're He delivers them. The Vacancys In the 
Companys of Albany, and thereabouts I wrote his Honour Some 
time ago, that I would order the Field Officers best Acquainted 
there, to make me a Return of, with a List also of Such Persons 
as they might Judge best qualified to fill them. I have not yet 
been able to get it, when I do shall transmit it to him without any 
alteration, as I am, & ever have been quite indifferent who they 
are, provided they can discharge their Duty. Yet I am Sorry to 
find (Notwithstanding all this & what I have said to him at York, 
& Albany on that Head, & the Instances I have given him of my 
haveing nothing in view by it but the good of the Service), 
that His Honour should still act so reservedly with me as he does, 
now he writes me that some Germans liveing on y e . Mohawk 
River between the two Creeks, have given him a List of officers 
which he seems to approve of desiring they may be a distinct 
Company, when at y e . Same time they are under y e . Command of 
their own People, who are their Officers & Compleat. this with- 
out my Cognizance, or indeed approbation (as Coll , of the 
Regiment) I must say I take hard. However, I shall say nothing 
more about it. let him put in or out who he pleases. You will be 
kind enough to let the Council know I am highly oblidged to 
them for the Notice they were pleased to give me of Capt n . 
Winnes demand in behalf of the Commissioners of Indian affairs, 
and tell them I shall make no objections to the payment thereof, 
on Ace", of any Service I may have done y e . goverm 1 . that way 
& at that time. 

I am realy at a loss to know what reason my Pattent has been 



440 Sir William Johnson Papers 

delayed So long for it being above a year Since the Survey was 
made & ten Months since I returned it to M r . Golden, Who then 
drew another Draft of it, & delivered it me when at York, & 
assured me he would have it dispatched as soon as possible. I 
hope it may meet with no further delay, as that would give those 
who purchased Lands adjacent long after (& as I understand are 
now getting Pattents out for them) an advantage over me, w h . 
would be very Unequitable. As to the Creek you mention, I 
cannot see what uneasiness it need give you, as I have assured 
you, and still confirm it by this that if your Lott adjoins the 
Creek, I will readily release you half the Creek as far as your 
Lott runs along it. which I would not do to any of the others, I 
assure you, having fairly bought it, paid for it verry dear, & 
traversed it with Hendrick & three other Cheifs of that Castle 
whose property it was. 

The Vacancy between Scott, & Glen, or the present Cover*. 
Pattents, was discovered by Lewis & myself in presence of three 
of the Mohawks, who were imediately applied to by one of the 
Parties who purchased Scotts Land then one of Our Chain bear- 
ers, on the Indians not complying with his proposals, He applied 
to me begging I would assist him or Join him in said Land, w* 1 . 
I would not promise him, Some time after the Indians offerred 
to sell it to me, wh. I refused, not knowing whether it was vacant, 
or not. As You Seem convinced it is not pattented, and incline 
to include it in yours, I will as Soon as the Indians return from 
Hunting speak to them ab*. it. This I can Assure You that what 
I saw of it is exceeding good land and highly prized by the 
Indians on that Acc u . . however if you will let me know by the 
next Post w*. You would have done in it, and w*. you would give 
for it, I shall try my utmost to Serve You therein. I am con- 
vinced it will in a verry little time if not imediately, Sell verry 
well. 

The Lands w h . Lydius has fraudulently purchased of the Six 
Nations for the Connecticut People, lyes far to the Southward 
of Pens Northern line as you observe. Gov r . Morris writes me 



Period of Peace, 1749-1755 441 

they Intend to Settle a large Body of Connecticut People 1 there 
in y e . Spring, but he intimates as Much, as that they will meet 
w*. great opposition. He has sent for Hendrick lately to come 
to Philadelphia in a verry pressing Manner, which invitation he 
accepted of & is gone with Six or Seven more of that Castle. I 
have heard a Connecticut Man lately Say they had Sent Home 
for a Pattent of Said Lands in Consequence of said Clandestine 
Deed. 

I should be glad to See that Manifesto of the French King by 
w* 1 . he asserts his right to the Ohio Lands. I have examined the 
Treaty of Aix La Chappelle, And cannot find any thing Stipu- 
lated therein as to the different Claims in America, more than 
what was Settled at the Treaty of Utrecht Ann . 1713. w h . 
together with the Severall other Treaties inserted in the inclosed 
Article Served as a Basis to the general peace concluded at Aix 
La Chapelle the 18th of Octob r . N. S. 1 748. as you will See by 
Said Article. 

As I cannot Sufficiently express or acknowledge the gratefull 
Sense I have of your kind Services & present generous tender 
of Continuance, Shall Studiously endeavour not only to merit 
but return them at all opertunity. 

In the meantime believe me with Sincerity, 

Y r . real Welwisher & Humble Servant 

w.j. 

be so good to give my 
Compliments to M rs . 

Shuckburgh, & Miss 

I should be verry glad You 
would Send me the last 
Acts by the next Post. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Decb r . 27 th 1754 

Coppy of a Letter to 
Golds Borrow Banyar Esq r . 
^ Post 



1 Beginning of Wyoming settlement. 



442 Sir William Johnson Papers 

* 

TO GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. Df. S. 

SIR Jart*. the 21**. 7755 

Yours 3$ post came so late to hand that I have only time to 
acknowledge the receipt of it and return you my Hearty thanks 
for your kind advice, and directions to M r . Golden Concerning 
the Return, as well as Your promise of forwarding it with all 
dispatch. I heartily wish the Assembly may answer the expecta- 
tions of their Constituents who greatly murmur at their defence- 
less Scituation in this part of the Country particularly Where I 
much fear the French will give us a Blow verry Soon, in order to 
divide our Forces & divert them from Ohio, where I fear they 
will be too powerfull for Us. You will See by an Extract of 
Stoddert's letter to me, w h . I send the Gov r ., that the French 
Stick at Nothing to pervert the Six Nations, and draw their 
Affections from Us, which I am Sorry to Say they have pritty 
near accomplished while We are only tame Spectators, never 
endeavouring in the least to prevent it. If I could possibly spare 
time & the Snow continue so long I should be glad to be down 
this ensueing Session to See how things may go but I much doubt 
of it. Be so good to Send me the Militia Act by the next Post. 
As Soon as the Indians return from Hunting (w h . will be shortly) 
I shall talk to them ab*. that Vacancy & See what can be done it; 
In the meantime I remain, S r . Y r . Most Humble Serv*. 

w.j. 

You say you Sent me 2 reports of y c . Councils. I rec d . but 
one. 

My Compliments to good M rs . Shuckburgh & Miss 

pray let me know w*. is done ab l . the Certificate I sent down. 

whether there is a Warrant Issued thereon or not. 
GOLDS BORROW BANYAR Esq r . 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Jan r y. the 21 st . 1755 

Coppy of a letter to 
Golds Borrow Banyar 
Esq r . 

f> Second Post. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 443 

<* 

JOHN WALDRON'S LIST OF CANNON AND STORES 

A List of the Cannon with other Ordnance Stores in and round 

the City of New York. 

A. D. S. 

New York 27 th . January 1755 

2 Cannon of Brass of pounders 1 8 1 

6 Ditto D 12 

15 Ditto Iron New 32 

8 Ditto D 18 

21 Ditto Ditto 12 

29 Ditto. . . .Ditto I 9 

39 Ditto. . . .Old 32 

22 DO DO 12 

14 DO DO ..-': 9 

10 DO., .Do 6 



1 66 of Sundry bore 



1 5 Carriages New for pounders 32 

18 D D Six I shall want if them at Albany be bad 2 1 8 

21 DO.... DO 12 

28 DO.... DO 9 

2 D .... D these 2 I will want if them be bad at 

Albany 6 

24 DO.... Old 32 

7 DO.. .Do 12 



1 1 5 New and old 



3066 Cannon ball for pounders 32 

583 DO 24 

648 DO / shall want these all I believe ., 18 



1 These figures indicate pounders. 

2 Words in italics are inserted in Johnson's handwriting, and the item 
has been checked at the left in the manuscript. 



444 Sir William Johnson Papers 

1140 DO 12 

1003 D , 9 

2000 D 200 1 mil want 6 

600 D 3 

1 500 Granadoz Shells .... one Hundred to tat^e along 

1000 Weight of Musquet Ball will want all 

1 500 Cartridges of Sundry Sizes . . . want all 
20 Quire of Cartridge paper ... a// Wanted 

5 Copper powder Measures. . .2 powder measures for 6 & 18 

pdrs t 

29 Copper ladles Suitable for the Cannon, 10 ladles forD 
56 Cartridge Boxes 10 of them wanted 

1 teen powder filler . . . / want it 

7 lanthorns 

55 priming horns with Wires. . ./ want ten of them 
36 linstocks 

1 Pair of Brass weights and Scales 

1 Pair of Callebar Compas. . . / want them 

56 Shot boxes. . .12 of them wanting 

6 Shovels and Spades 

2 Axes 

2 hatchets 
2 hammers 
9 formers 1 

1 1 Wad hooks . . . Si'* of them Wanting 

52 Spunges with Rammers Suitable for the Cannon... 10 

Wants. 
24 Spare Spunge & Ramers heads 

1 2 Spear Spunge Staues 
20 New Trucks 

56 Aprons of Lead. . .13 Wanting 
47 Crows of Iron ... 6 good ones wanting 
2 Pair of Gunslings. . .2 pair wanting 



Firmers ? 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 445 

2 Jenns with Blocks and 1 fall . . . one of them 
8 Water Tubbs with pailes 

125 pounds of Match 
1000 Wads for 6 n feild peices 

5 Pair of handscrues ... 2 pair large 

3 bouge Barrils. . .2 of them 
3 Serchers 

2 Scrapers . . . both Wanting 
2 Wheel Barrows 
2 baskets for Carrying Wads 
120 Tomkins 
130 handspikes 

1 Sling Cart for Transporting the Cannon 
1 P r of Trucks for D with bolts and other old Iron which 
came out of the Old Carriages broken up. 

JOHN WALDRON. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: N York May the 1 st . 1755 

A List of the Cannon and 
Ordnance Stores at New York 

TO VOLCKERT P. DOUW 1 

WILLIAM SHIRLEY TO JAMES DE LANCEY 
Copp by Johnson 

Boston Nev England Feby. 24 th 1755 



It would be needless for me to observe to you, how his 
Majesty's Colonies upon this Continent are Surrounded w th . y e . 
encroachments of the French, they have long Since marked out 
for themselves a large Empire upon the back of it, extending from 
Cape Breton, to the Gulf of Mexico, and Comprehending the 
Country between the Apalachian Mountains, and Pacific Ocean, 
with the numerous powerfull Tribes of Indians inhabitting it, and 
they are now finishing the extreme parts by a communication 



1 Letter of February 20, 1 755. See Appendix. 



446 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



between Louisbourg and Quebec across the Istmus of Nova 
Scotia, and Bay of Fonda, at the one End, and a Junction of 
Canada with the Mississippi by a Line of Forts upon the great 
Lakes & Rivers at the other. 

It is fallen to the Lott of the most Eastern Colonies to be 
Hemmed in by that part of their encroachments, w h . begin in 
Nova Scotia and End at Crown Point, amon w h . the Fort of 
Beau Sejour upon y e . Istmus of the Peninsula, that on S l . Johns 
River, and Fort S l . Frederick near Crown Point are the 
Principall. 

His Majesty out of his Paternal Care for the Welfare, and 
security of his good Subjects of these Colonies, in September 
1753 Signified his Royal pleasure, by the R*. Hon ble . Earl of 
Holdernesse's Letter dated the 21 st . of that Month to his Gov- 
ernours there, that they should with the armed Force of the 
Militia under their respective Commands (if need be) remove 
all encroachments upon his Territories within the limits of their 
Severall Governments, and use their best endeavours for pro- 
moteing a general Union among them for their Common defence 
against an Invader/ 

In July last by a letter from the R*. Hon ble . S r . Thomas Rob- 
inson dated the 5 th . of that Month, His Majesty Signified his 
Orders to me & Coll . Lawrence, 1 Lieu 1 . Gov r ., & Commd r . in 
Cheif of Nova Scotia, that we should concert measures for attack- 
ing the French Forts in that Province and in Decemb r . last I 
had the Honour to receive another letter from S r . Tho s Robinson 
dated the 26 th of October, wherein he acquainted me that his 
Majesty on takeing the State of his Colonies in North America 
into his Royal consideration, was graciously pleased, besides 
ordering two Regiments of Foot from Ireland under the Com- 
mand of S r . Peter Halket, 2 and Coll . Dunbar 3 to be sent to 
Virginia, to order Me, and S r . W m . Pepperell, to raise each of 



1 Charles Lawrence. 

2 Colonel of the 44th regiment. 

3 Colonel Thomas Dunbar, of the 48th regiment. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 447 

us a Regiment of Foot consisting of 1 000 Men under our respec- 
tive Commands for y e . defence of his Colonies here. In obedi- 
ence to the first mentioned Orders, Coll Lawrence and I have 
concerted measures for dislodgeing the French from their Forts 
in Nova Scotia, and driveing them out of that Province, and 
among other preparations for that purpose, I am now raising a 
reinforcement of 2000 Men for his Majestys Regular Troops 
there, to be imbarked in time, to be landed in the Bay of Funda 
by the first week in April, w h . I have reason to think, I can depend 
upon accomplishing. 

In consequence of the latter I have made a great progress in 
raising my Regiment, and believe there is no great doubt of its 
being compleated by the latter End of March. 

r . Dinwidde, Gov r . of Virginia, in his letter to me, dated 
. <^14th, acquaints^ me that his government had great 
dependance upon a strong Diversion's <^being made]> by S r . 
W m . Pepperell's & my Regiments this Summer, at some part of 
Canada <in favour^ of the Attempts of the Western Colonies 
to repel the French upon the Ohio, and <such a> Diversion of 
the French Forces must likewise greatly facilitate the Enterprise 
<^for^> driveing the French from their incroachments in Nova 
Scotia; it is most evident <that> at the same time the expedition 
in Nova Scotia, and the Schemes w h . principally employ the 
attention of the French, and a great part of their Forces upon 
the <Ohio> afford a most favourable oppertunity for the four 
Colonies of New England, and <those> of New York, and 
New Jerseys with their united Strength to Erect such a Fort 
near <Crown> Point, as may command the French Fort there, 
and curb the Citty of Montreal, <itself.> 

These were the Motives w h induced me to make the proposal 
<of> such an Attempt to the Assembly within my own Gov- 
ernmen^w h . is particularly set < forth > in my speech to them 
upon this occasion a Coppy of w h . together, with a Coppy of 
the Resolves of the Assembly consequent upon it I inclose to your 
Honour. 



448 Szr William Johnson Papers 

In these Resolves Sir You will find what Number of Troops 
this Government thinks necessary to be raised in the whole for 
the Execution of this Attempt w th <the> Quotas they propose, 
for the consideration of the Severall Colonies concerned, & I 
<hope]> it will not be thought, they have underrated their own 
Quota, when it is considered that out of the 2200 Men, w h . are 
raiseing for S r . W m . Pepperrels & my Regiment, & 2000 now 
raising for the Expedition to Nova Scotia, upwards of 3000 of 
them will be taken out of this Province, w h . with the 1200 pro- 
posed to be raised in it for Crown Point will amount to consider- 
ably More than one Eight part of its fighting Men, and that they 
were at an heavy charge last year in carrying on an Expedition 
upon the River Kinnebeck, and erecting Fort Hallifax there, w h . 
as it is a great advance towards secureing the principal pass into 
the heart of Canada over against their Metropolis of Quebec, and 
thorough w\ River the French have the shortest passage into the 
Atlantick Ocean of any River in North America, must be deemed 
an advantage to all the Eastern Colonies in general. 

Your Honour Will observe that the Assembly hath desired 
me to appoint an officer for the Cheif Command of the proposed 
Expedition, it is essential to y e . Service that such an One should 
be appointed, and as it seemed necessary that He should be pro- 
posed at the beginning, and this government is the first Mover in 
this Expedition (as it was likewise in that ag st . Cape Breton of 
w h . also I appointed the Commander in Cheif) it is hoped the 
other Colonies will have no objection to it. The Gentleman 
whom I shall nominate for that Command, will, I am persuaded 
shew Your Honour that the only Motive which will sway me in 
this appointment, is a Strict regard to his Majestys Service, and 
the Interest of the Common Cause, without the least partiality to 
any one of the governments concerned. 

The Gentleman I have thought of on this important Occasion 
is Collonel William Johnson of Mount Johnson in the Mohawk 
Country whose distinguished Character for the great Influence 
He hath for Severall Years mantained over the Indians of the Six 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 449 

Nations, is the circumstance, w h . determines me in my Choice, 
preferably to any Gentleman in my own Gover nt tho there are not 
wanting there Officers of Rank, & Experience, out of Whom I 
could have Nominated one. 

( Your Honour is sensible that one of the Principall things we 
have in View, in this Expedition, is to retain such of those 
< Castles, as> are not yet gone over to the French, in the Eng- 
lish Interest, and to reclaim < those w h > are, and it would be 
of Unspeakable advantage to Us at this Conjuncture, if we could 
<^ engage any^> of them in the proposed Service. Collonel John- 
son raised & Commanded a <^Regime^>nt of Indians in the late 
intended Expedition against Canada & with regard <^to his^> 
power to engage them now, No Gentleman can Stand in Com- 
petition w*. him, <^besid^>es his Military qualifications for this 
particular Service, & knowledge of <^the^> Country & place 
against w h . this Expedition is destined, are verry <^con^>spicuous./ 

The Fort intended to be built in this Expedition <is 
pr>oposed to be so Scituated, as to command Fort S l . Frederick 
at Crown Point, <^to be^> made defensible ag st . the Strength 
w* 1 . the French can suddenly bring ag st . it from Montreal, to be 
erected by the Army employed, and as to y e . Support garri- 
sonning, and Command of it, that must depend upon his Majestys 
pleasure w* 1 . will be soon known concerning it. 

It must be fresh in Y r . Honours memory, that the reduction of 
the French Fort at Crown Point was looked upon as a necessary 
Step in the late intended Expedition, ag st . Canada And how 
farr & advanced the preparations of the Colonies concerned in 
that Scheme were till I know not by what fatall Disunion of our 
Councils a most unhappy Stop was put to it. 

One remarkable Circumstance occurs to me upon this Occasion. 
When the late S r . Peter Warren and myself were endeavouring 
to engage one Monsieur Vaudrerie, then at Boston a verry intelli- 
gent Frenchman as a Pilot to our Forces up the River S*. Law- 
rence in the aforesaid late expedition, He smiled & told Us, He 
should not be convinced that the English did in good earnest 
15 



450 Sir William Johmon Papers 

Q| 

design an Expedition ag st . Canada from these Colonies, Untill 
He should Hear that Fort S' Frederick was attacked. 

But I am perswaded nothing more need be urged to Y r . 
Honour concerning the great importance of the proposed Expe- 
dition, < > that besides secureing our Selves against future 
depredations of the French <from> their Fort at Crown Point 
in a time of War, We shall Wipe of the repro[ach] of the 
Colonies for Suffering that dangerous Encroachment upon his 
Majes<ty's> Territories to be at first erected, I should have 
mentioned to Your Honour the two Houses of the Assembly in 
this Province have bound themselves to A<ct?^> by Secrecy 
both with respect to the Expedition now prepareing ag st . the 
G< > Encroachments in Nova Scotia, and that proposed 
ag st . those at Crown Point, <which> I thought proper to observe 
that Y r . Honour may use Y r . discretion in y l . <point> with 
regard to the Assembly within Y r . own Government, the Same 
< Union of> Sentiments, and like Spirit, with w h . the Colonies 
proposed to join in the present < > acted in y e . late 

intended one ag st . Canada, will I hope prevail in their Councils 
at this <most> Critical conjuncture, and particularly that the 
depredations w h . the County of Albany < > from the 

french & their Indians at Crown Point, not only in time of War, 
but <^as well?^> in a time of peace, together with its present 
exposed State, will move y c . Government of New York to an 
Hearty concurrence with the Massachusetts Bay in y e . proposed 
Expedition. 

Your Honour is Sensible that, in order to avail our Selves of 
y e . favourable opertunity for such an Enterprize, a Speedy deter- 
mination upon it, & y e . greatest dispatch in our preparations for 
it is Necessary. 

I have Commissionated Thomas Pownal 1 Esq r . to wait on Y r . 

1 Thomas Pownall first came to America from England in 1753 as 
secretary to Sir Danvers Osborne. In 1 755 he was appointed lieutenant 
governor of New Jersey, never however exercising the powers of the office; 
was governor of Massachusetts in 1757; and in 1759 was nominated for 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 451 

Honour upon this occasion & to Sollicit Y r . Goverm 1 . to Join with 
my own, in this necessary peice of Service for the protection of 
his Majesties Colonies under Our Care, ag st . the dangerous 
encroachments of the French, and hope he will Succeed in the 
Execution of his Commission. I am with the greatest regard, Sir 
Y r . Honours Most Humble & Most Obedient Servant 

W. Shirley 

To GOVERNOUR DELANCEY 1 of New York 
Copia Vera Verbatim 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : February the 24 th . 1 755 

Governour Shirleys Letter to 
Gov r . De Lancey, concerning 
the proposed Expedition 
ag sl . Crown Point 

TO EDWARD COLLINS a 

A L S 

Feb*. the 27* 1744-5. 

D R . S R . 

I have made a purchase of the Bearer M r . Lodowick Castle- 
mans land, at Stoneraby Con 1 , of 280 acres or thereabouts for 
200, and now I hear there is a Mortgage upon it for 70 w* 1 



the governorship of South Carolina. Later, he served in parliament. He 
was distinguished by his liberal attitude toward the colonies, and a remark- 
able acquaintance with the physical and political conditions of this con- 
tinent. He was born in 1 720 and died in 1805. 

1 James De Lancey, son of Stephen De Lancey, was born in New 
York City in 1 703 and died there in 1 760. He was a graduate of 
Cambridge University, England, and studied law in London. Returning 
to America, he entered public life and rose to be member of the provincial 
council, chief justice and lieutenant governor. He presided over the 
Albany congress held in 1 754. 

2 In Burton Historical Collection, Detroit, Mich. ; collected and pub- 
lished by C. M. Burton. 



452 



Sir William Johnson Papers 



I would desire the favour of you to enquire Strictly into. I hear 
it is to Rob*. Roseboom in Albany if so you can easily know 
it. I doubt I cant go down soon wherfore would desire the 1 
favour of you to get a good firm Deed drawn for S d . Land, and 
send it up to me p first Safe hand. You will see his Writeings, 
which he has along with him, and he will tell you the Names 
of the Lotts I have the Mill with all belonging thereto in the 
Bargain Also whatever Moveables he does not take along with 
him as you will see by the inclosed kind of a memorandum w* 1 . 
I had him to sign, and paid him in part 70 pounds. You'l please 
to send me p bearer the amount of that Sum w h . he was arrested 
for, together with all the charges thereto belonging that I may 
settle with him er'e he goes, if you have any News shall be 
obliged to you for it I wish you would send me the last Acts of 
Assembly, or at least that relating to the Duty of Showds * 
and Rum w h . was altered last Session. Y r . kind Compliance 
together with all former favours will vastly oblidge S r . 
y r . Unfeigned friend & Humble Serv 1 . 

W M . JOHNSON 

My kind respects to M rs . Collins 
To EDWARD COLLINS Esq r . 
at Albany. 

MOHAWKS TO JOHNSON 
Extract 2 

At a Council held at Fort George in the 
City of New York on Friday the twenty 
Eight day of February 1 755. 
Present 

The Honourable James De Lancey Esq r . Lieu 1 . Gov r . & c . 
M r . Kennedy M r . Chambers 

M r . Holland 
Col. Johnson M r . Smith 



1 Strouds. 

2 Council Minutes, 23:267-68. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1 7 55-1 7 56 453 

Col. Johnson presented to his Honour a String of JJ C L 8ag ? ^T 1 " * c 

Mohawk Indians ae- 

Wampum with a Message from the Mohawk and siring their Castle* 
Connajohary Indians in these words: 

Mount Johnson February the 7 th . 1 755. 

At a Meeting of the Mohawks and Connajohary <^ Indians, ^> 
^awrence a Mohawk and their first Warrior stood up and spoke 
in behalf of both Castles as Follows. 
Brother Warraghiyagey. 

' When the News of your intention of going to New York 
reached our Ears, both Men and Women met together in Council, 

nd then concluded to embrace the favourable Opportunity of 
sending a Message by you to our Brother Goragh, which we now 
earnestly entreat you to deliver to him, with these Strings of 
Wampum. 

Brother Goragh 

When we had the Pleasure of seeing you last Summer at 
Albany, the Air seemed to us pleasant, and the Sky prety serene 
and clear, but to our great Concern we now observe thick and 
^eavy Clouds arising on all sides, and driving this way, which 
seem to portend a Storm, should it blow hard we are very appre- 
hensive of danger, having no Shelter. To you therefore Brother 
(in whose Power it is to draw on, or disperse those dark Clouds) 
we make known our Fears, not doubting but you (out of a 
Brotherly Affection) will either remove them, and ease the Minds 
of our old and young People, or cover us from the impending 
Storrn. 

Four Strings of black Wampum. 

On due Consideration whereof, the Council being of Opinion, Council advise it 

jthat it was absolutely necessary to order the two Castles of the 

aid Indians to be stockadoed round, or other Works made there 

tor their defence, and the Security of their old Men, Women and 

^Children, and that this Measure would have a much better Effect 



454 Sir William Johnson Papers 

on them, than all the Arguments that might be used to diswad 
them from going to Canada in the Spring, on the French Go 
ernor's Invitation; and being also of Opinion that his Honoi 
might apply as much Money as would be requisite for this sen 
ice out of the Fund of Contingences, therefore advised his Hono 
to return the String of Wampum, with a Message to thos 
Indians, signifying that he will forthwith give Orders to inclos 
their Castles at the Mohawks and Connajohary, and that as 
has complyed with their request, he expects neither they or an 
of the other Nations will go to Canada. 
Col. Johnson desired Col. Johnson was then desired to view the Ground and ma 
direction *f the Plans, and Estimates of the Expence, of the Works the India 
Work * desire to be erected among them, and to undertake the Directic 

of those works. 



THE PROPRIETORS AND SIX NATIONS 
Extract x 

At a Council held at Fort George in t 

City of New York on Wednesday tl 

12 th Day of March 1755. 

Present 

The Hono We James De Lancey Esq r . Lieu 1 . Gov r . & ca 
M r . Alexander CoK Johnson 

M r . Kennedy M r . Chambers 

M r . Holland M r . Smith 

His Honour communicated a Letter from Governor Mor 
of the 6 th Instant (Pensilvania) desiring the countenance 
Applicat" from the this Government in respect to a Meeting of the Six Nations 
for Vr y e Countenance Indians at Col. Johnson's House this Spring, where M r . Mor 
of this Covert. i n ye proposes to treat w j tn ^ em ^y Commissioners, and to purche 

Purchase to be made . . . 

of the Indians in he- of them in behalf of the Proprietors of that Province, All t 

half of M r . Penn. f , . . . . , , , . . i /~>i A 

Lands within the same, as bounded in the royal Charter. A 



1 Council Minutes. 25:4-5. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 455 

siring that John Lydius who has lately made a Purchase of ^^ desmg - that 



um be 
inds within that Government, in behalf of some People of prosecuted for P ur- 

c r ^. -,_ chasS. Lands of y 

>nnecticut, may be prosecuted ror the oame. 1 he Charges Indians within that 

icreof he will defray. 

JAs to the first Point the Council were of Opinion his Honour The Councils opinion. 

ght signify to Governor Morris his Consent to the proposed 

[eeting, Provided that at such Meeting no Lands be purchased 
behalf of M r . Penn, to the Northward of the Beginning of the 
Degree of Northern Latitude, which is esteemed to be 
Southern Boundary of this Province in that Part, and the 
th<^ern^> Boundary of Pensylvania. 

As to the second Point, The Council were of Opinion, as the 
large against the said John Lydius is general, this Board cannot 
ler a Prosecution against him by the Attorney General, but 
at the Government of Pensylvania might be at Liberty to 

Immence and carry on a Prosecution against him in the King't 

lame. 

FROM RICHARD SHUCKBURGH 
A. L. S. 

London March i? e /3, 7755 
[EAR SIR 

As long as there is an Opportunity while I remain here I woud 
>t cease to inform you of what passes: I was to wait upon 
>rd Hallifax to whom I mention'd your Settling at Kings- 
>rough in y e Way of the Enemy in case of a War which I 
assure is very likely & that you was desirous upon y l Ace 1 , to 
exempt f m . y e quit, he told me he was very sensible of y r . 
irit in every respect but that kind of business related to y e Min- 
s of the Revenue; it has been tried to be taken of f m . Cap*. 
>sby 's l Land but without effect : I shall bring w th . me an order 
M". Cosby to sell One or may be both sides of that Land 
>rthwith: I told her I shoud consult you ab*. it. I desird My 



1 William Cosby, son of Governor William Cosby, 



456 Sir William Johnson Papers 

L d . Hallifax's favour to obtain a Commission for me to Act as I 
had done last War as Surgeon to y e Indians he told me that what 
ever you thought necessary for that Service you had in y r . Power 
to do and what ever mode of Service you thought me capable of 
I might be Employed in without farther recommendation, here 
are great Armaments making and it is the opinion of every body 
it will soon be war with France. Y r . Reputation with LA 
Hallifax * & that board is very good & I believe that whatever 
you draw for or think necessary for the Service will be comply'd 
w lh . I can't learn how far Gen 1 . Bradock is to be concernd w th . 
you. 

Adieu f m . y r . friend & Serv*. 

R D SHUCKBURGH 

ADDRESSED: To the Hon ble . 
Coll. Will-. Johnson 

of his Majesty's Councill 
in New York 
P Cap 1 . Griffiths. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : London March 1 3 th 1 755 

Doctor Shuckburghs letter 



TO WILLIAM SHIRLEY, EDWARD BRADDOCK AND SIR WILLIAM 

PEPPERRELL 
Df. 2 

New York 17 March 1 755 
SIR 

Your Excellency's Letter of the 3 d . Instant I did not receive 
till [Monday last *] after the Post went from hence or I should 
sooner have acknowledged the just sence I have of the Honour 
you have done me in nominating me for a Command, that were 



1 George Dunk Montague, Earl of Halifax. 

2 By Banyar. Extract in Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y. t 6:946-47. 
8 Erased in original manuscript. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 457 

my abilities much greater, I should think them greatly inferior to 
the qualifications requisite in the person to conduct an Affair of 
so great Importance. You must be convinced that the little 
Experience I have had in Military Affairs, cannot entitle me to 
this distinction preferable to so many of superior merit in your 
own Government. The Circumstance that I find has determined 
your Excellency is the Influence I have hitherto maintained with 
the Indians whose assistance must be of great advantage on this 
Service, and to obtain it I should have exerted my utmost Interest 
among them if your Excellency had fixed on some other Person, 
which would still be very agreable to me 

frThe five Nations consider the Lands on which Fort S 1 . 
Frederick is built and considerably further to the Northward as 
belonging to them and when this Encroachment was first made 
were not only ready to join but solicited the English to drive off 
the French from thence, and afterwards when in the late war it 
was proposed to reduce that Fortress, engaged heartily in ft, but 
to no purpose it being laid aside, and if the being so often trifled 
with, and the want of places of Security for their Women & chil- 
dren & themselves in case of need to retire to (which they have 
frequently complained of) does not now deter them, I think I 
can upon proper Encouragement engage the Assistance of 2 or 
300 which I think a sufficient number, and if we succeed, it will 
not only reclaim those who are lately gone over to the French, 
but probably the Cachnewagas too and attach the whole Body 
of the six Nations so firmly to the British Interest that we might 
depend on their assistance at all times if not wanting to ourselves 
in a due Management of their affairs. This and the success of 
your Excellency's Plan of Operations to the Eastward which we 
have little reason to doubt of, would revive their spirits, and con- 
vince them we mean in earnest to oppose the French vigorously: 
For while they observe the French so active and enterprising and 
we on the Contrary intirely inattentive to our Interests, they will 
be averse to the taking any Step that may draw on them the 
Resentment of the French^ 



458 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Your Excellency's Letter to Governour DeLancey of the 24 
Ult. hath determined him to call the Assembly who are to meet 
here the 25 of this Month, and in the mean time the Gentlemen of 
the Council and 6 of the Members of the Assembly now in town 
are to confer with M r . Pownall on the proposals from your Gov- 
ernment, which I heartily wish may be attended with the desired 
Success : The Council as far as I can observe will come into the 
Scheme, I can say nothing as to the lower House, and until I 
know the Result of this Government or your Excellency points 
out to me in what manner I may be of Service either in engaging 
the Indians or otherwise, should the Expedition go on, I cannot 
be very explicit. "It may be necessary however to mention that a 
great number of Batoes will be wanting to transport the Pro- 
visions Stores &c a . none of those being left which were provided 
for the late Expedition to Canada: and should your Excellency 
determine to proceed I apprehend Workmen should be employed 
to make them as soon as possible. As many as can should be 
made here, for building a great Number at Albany or Sche- 
nectady may be the means of apprising the French of our design, 
and put them on their Guard./ 

I have been detained here since the first Notice of Commis- 
sioners setting out from your Government, and as my staying can 
be of no Service to further the Scheme on foot I propose to leave 
this Place on Tuesday or Wednesday next Imagining I shall 
know by that time the opinion of the Gent n . who confer with M r . 
Pownall And on my arrival at home can be taking the proper 
measures to prepare the Indians in case their assistance should be 
wanted, which is very necessary and may be done without even 
raising in them a Suspicion of our real Intentions. 

Your Excellencys zeal for his Majesty s Service and the wel- 
fare of and Security of his Colonies is not more conspicuous in 
any thing than the Measures you are at present taking, and if all 
the Colonies proposed to be engaged in the operations this way, 
act with equal spirit with your own I think, at this favourable 
juncture we have well grounded hopes of a happy issue. It is 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 459 

my own and the opinion of every one I converse with, that should 
the General begin the attack at Niagara (leaving a few Men 
towards the Ohio to keep the French in Expectation of a Visit 
there) it would be the speediest Method to deprive them of their 
Encroachments on the Ohio which they would soon find them- 
selves under a Necessity even to abandon, if we take keep 
Possession of that important Pass. 

To his Excellency WlLLIAM SHIRLEY Esq. Captain Gen 1 . 

& Gov. in chief of his Majestys province of the Massachu- 

sets Bay 

To the Hono ble . MAJOR GENERAL EDWARD BRADDOCK 

Commander in chief of his Majestys Forces in North 

America. 

To SIR WILLIAM PEPPEREL. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : March the 1 7 th . 1 755 

Coppy of my Letter to Gov r . Shirley 
W Post 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. 

Sunday Evening 23 March 1755 
DEAR SIR 

I was apprehensive your sudden departure would be attended 
probably with some disadvantage if not to your own private 
Interest yet to that of the Publick. The Governor this Evening 
received M r . Shirley's dispatches in answer to those he forwarded 
from the General, And M r . Shirley is expected here by the last 
of this Month, in his way to Annapolis to concert Measures with 
the General for the carrying into Execution his Majesty's Inten- 
tions against the French in their Encroachments. Gov. Shirley 
expresses to M r . Pownall a strong expectation of finding you 
here, and if possible a still greater desire that you should accom- 
pany him on this important Affair, and this you will find to be the 



460 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Subject of M r . Pownall's Letter inclosed, which he very justly 
thought a matter of so great Consequence as to send by an 
Express. The Governor and myself were present with him an 
hour ago at Willets 1 when he wrote it, and I have the pleasure 
to assure you that not only the Regard to the Publick Service 
but to your own Honour and Interest made us wish you would 
comply with M r . Shirley's Request. For as to the first, whatever 
it may be necessary for him (the General) to be informed of 
respecting the true state of the Indians, and the assistance we 
might rely on from them, No person can better acquaint him with, 
than yourself, and so great a Confidence must he place in you in 
this particular that I am persuaded, it will strongly influence him 
to turn his operations towards Niagara, if as I expect you can 
assure him of the Junction of a considerable number of Indians. 
And it is the most favourable Opportunity put into your hands 
which you could wish for, as an Introduction to the General, In 
whose Power it will be, to make you spme Amends for the hard 
Measure you have hitherto met with; I say not this, imagining 
to move you to take this Step from a Motive of private Interest 
only. I am suff'^. convinced of your extreme desire to advance 
that of the Publick, but as I know it will be attended with some 
disadvantage to your private affairs to be to long absent, I was 
willing to obviate that objection by barely mentioning the light in 
which I conceive it might be of great advantage to you. You 
have a convincing proof of M r . Shirley's Friendship, and can 
therefore have no room to doubt but he will exert it to his utmost 
on this Occasion. Excuse then Sir the Freedom I take in thus 
laying before you my Sentiments, which you will do me the 
Justice to believe are the mere result of the most disinterested 
Friendship. I can say no more now but that I am D r . Colonel 
Your faithful humble Servant 

Gw BANYAR 



1 Edward Willet ( Willett) , host of the " Province Arms," Memorial 
History of the City of New York, 2:556 (note). 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755- 1756 461 

Monday 8 oClock. 

P S : I wrote the above between 1 1 and 1 2 after coming from 
Willets where the Governor, M r . Pownall & myself sat till that 
time. M r . Pownall gave me his Letter to send by the Express, 
but he has not yet calld for it, and I fear is not willing to under- 
take the Journey. 

The Conference between the Gen 1 . & M r . Shirley is likely 
rather to forward than to obstruct the other design; if the latter 
goes on, consider how absolutely necessary your presence will be 
here at least, that you may settle all the proper Points with him 
(Gov r . Shirley) On his Return you may imagine he will stay to 
confer with our Governor on this design if it is to be prosecuted 
which if approved of by the General, I have very little doubt of 
the Assembly's coming into. In short Sir I think I cannot mani- 
fest a greater Regard for your Interest, than by urging every 
Argument that might possibly prevail with you to undertake this 
Journy immediately, in opposition to that prejudice it may be of 

to your private Concerns. ^ D 

L. o. 

The paper just coming to hand I inclose it 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : M r . Banyars Letter 

^ Express 
March 23d. 1 1755 



FROM WILLIAM SHIRLEY 
Df. 2 

Boston 26 March 1755 
SIR 

I am now to acknowledge the receipt of your letter from New 
York of the 1 7 fl \ instant. I am very glad to find that there is no 
exception to your engaging in the -Service, for you have men- 
tioned none to me that ought to have any weight ; and I hope that 



Mn Doc. Rel to Col. Hist. N. Y., 6:945, in a letter of March 24th 
from William Shirley to Sir Thomas Robinson, is commendation of John- 
son, along with a citation of his opinion. 

2 In Massachusetts Archives. 



462 Sir William Johnson Papers 

you left New York at the time you proposed and that you are 
now disposing your private Affairs so as that you may be able to 
take upon you the Command of the Forces of the several Gov- 
ernments as soon as they shall be raised. I have this day ordered 
a proclamation to be issued for encouraging the enlistment on the 
part of this Province, and I shall immediately cause advice 
thereof to be communicated to the Governments of Newhamp- 
shire Connecticut & Rhode Island, and as soon as they receive 
it they will respectively begin their enlistments also, so that I hope 
in three or four weeks the proposed number from each Govern- 
ment may be raised. I have very unexpectedly received such 
letters from the ministry by General Braddock, as well as from 
the General himself, that I cannot avoid leaving my Government, 
for a short time, in order to meet him at Annapolis in Maryland, 
and I intend to begin my journey next day after to morrow. I 
cannot expect to see you at New York, in going out, but I hope 
to do it on my return. I may probably be at that City in my 
way home by the 14 th . of April and any parts of your letter 
which the hurry I am now in prevents a particular answer to, I 
shall then have an opportunity of conferring with you upon. ' I 
shall not be unmindful, when I see the General of what you 
mention relating to Niagara; for such a further division as this 
proposal will cause in the french forces may as greatly serve our 
proposed Expedition as it may the success of any other operation 
we propose, for his Majestys Service on the other parts of the 
Continent./ But what I have greatly at heart & that which is the 
principal reason of my hastening away this Express to you is the 
engaging every Warriour of the Six Nations that you can by any 
means bring into the Expedition. The manner of doing it 
whether by an advance as a present, to each Man, or to any or 
all of their Chiefs, or by pYomising wages or reward for their 
services I must leave to you who are so well acquainted with 
their dispositions, but let them be secured at all Events. I have, 
by my recommendation, obtained a Vote of the Assembly of 
this Province, copy of which I shall inclose to you, engaging for 
their part of the Expence you may find necessary in this Affair, 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 463 

nd you need not doubt their complyance; and I shall also send 
Copy to each of the other Governments who I am satisfied will 
ake no difficulty of their parts also for no one branch of the 
harges that must attend this Expedition can be more necessary 

r what they will come more readily into. 
I shall leave such directions for prosecuting this Affair during 

iy absence as that it may be as little retarded as possible and I 

xpect to return to give the necessary Orders before the time 

rhen it shall be requisite to begin the march. I am 

Sir & c . 

At all Events, I can't think it posible that the Ministry will 
ot esteem this important service of yours at a very high rate, and 
ot only defray all necessary expence, if there was a possibility 
f any difficulty in the Colony Governm' 8 . doing it, w ch I can't 
oncieve there will, but make you a suitable recompence over 
nd above what the Gov ls . concern'd may do. 

NDORSED: M r Clerk 

Copy this over fair 

THE PROPRIETORS AND SIX NATIONS 

Extract 1 

At a Council held at the City Hall in the 
City of New York on Thursday the 27 lh Day 
of March 1755. 
^resent 

The Hon ble . James De Lancey Esq. Lieu*. Gov r . &c a . 
M r . Kennedy M r . Chambers 

Mr. Holland M r . Smith 

The Governor communicated a Letter of the 25 th Instant < Further > opinion 
Prom Governor Morris, touching the Purchase he proposes to L to y^. Pur < chase 
make of the Indians in Behalf of M r . Penn, of the Lands included ^|S?5J| 'L^ 
within the Grant of the Crown; In which M r , Morris says " that In f ^ an * ln < be ^ lf 

i or j> IWr. r cnn. 



Council Minutes. 25 : 11 . 



464 Sir William Johnson Papers 

in case they can agree with the Indians, he proposes to take the 
Grant in the express Words of M r . Penn's Charter, and against 
this he conceives this Government can have no Objection, since 
this Province, will be after any such Indian Purchase, in the very 
same Circumstances it is now, as to the Interpretation of the 
Extent of the King's Grant, for tho' they differ widely in this 
Point, yet the Claim of this Province will not be at all affected, 
if the Indian Boundaries be the very same with those described 
in the Royal Charter". 

The Council adhere to their former Opinion on this Matter 
entered in the Minutes on the 1 2 th Instant, and advise his Hon r . 
to send a Copy thereof to Col. William Johnson, and to signify 
to him, it is the Opinion of this Board, that he do his utmost to 
prevent any Purchase being made of the Indians, otherways than 
may be expressly conformable to their said Former Opinion. 



FROM RICHARD SHUCKBURGH 
A. L. S. 

London March y 28 1755 
DEAR S*. 

I have wrote to you by every Opportunity except Miller as 
Richards was to sail so suddenly after & being the last ship before 
I imbark myself I waited till then & have nothing material to say 
only to Repeat that Indian Affairs are intirely in Y r . Hands. I 
shall attend Gov r . Hardy 1 to New York who sets out next 
Month. Admiral Clinton has been ill ever since his arrival but 
however now makes shift occasionally to go to the house of Com- 
mons when there is any thing to carry of importance, he has been 
down in the Opinion of People but seems to be picking up again, 
great Armaments are making by Sea & Land & it is thought a 
War is unavoidable, the plan of Operation in America I under- 
stand is intirely left to Gen 1 . Bradock & great dependance on 



Sir Charles Hardy, governor of New York from 1755 to 1757. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 465 

you in regard to the Accession of the Six Nations to our Inter- 
est People here are unanimous for a War with France & think 
the People in America able & have heard that they are willing 
not only to defend themselves but annoy the Enemy. I wish w th . 
all my soul it may be so. we have no Parties here every one is 
for a War with the french & the Parliament have granted a 
Million to Enable his Majesty, augment his forces by Sea & Land 
to Act on any Emergency as I soon shall have the pleasure to 
See you I take my leave now & am as from my earliest Acquaint- 
ance w th . you 

Y r . most obligd & most humble Serv 1 . 

R D SHUCKBURGH 

ADDRESSED: To the Hon ble Coll: Will 1 ". Johnson, 
to be forwarded inclos'd 
^ favour Archibald Kennedey Esq r . 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: March 28 th - 1755 

Letter from M r . Shuckburgh 

THE COUNCIL AT ALEXANDRIA 

The preceding letter is followed in the Johnson Calendar, by Minutes 
of the council at Alexandria, Va., dated April 14 (printed in Doc. Hist. 
N. Y. t 2:648-51 ; Q 2:378-79). The manuscript is preserved. 

COMMISSION FROM EDWARD BRADDOCK 1 

D. S. 

Alexandria, 1 5th April, 7755 

By His Excellency Edward Braddock Esq r General & Com- 
mander in Chief of all His Majestys Forces in North America 

To William Johnson Esq r . 

By Virtue of the Power & Authority to me given & granted 
by His Majesty to appoint a proper Person or Persons to have 
the sole Management & direction of the Affairs of the Six 



1 In Canadian Archives. 



466 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Nations of Indians & their Allies, to the end that the said Indians 
may be heartily engaged in & attached to the British Interest, I 
do hereby appoint you the said William Johnson in the Name & 
behalf of His Majesty to superintend & manage the Affairs of 
the said Nations & their Allies, giving you full Power & Author- 
ity to treat & confer with them as often and upon such matters 
as you shall judge necessary for His Majestys Service & as shall 
be agreable to the Instructions herewith given you or which you 
shall hereafter receive from me. And you are from time to time 
to make report to me of your Proceedings herein. And of all 
material Occurrances which may affect His Majestys Interest 
with the said Six Nations or their Allies. And all Persons to 
whom the Direction of the Affairs of the said Nations or their 
Allies have been heretofore committed, and all others whatsoever 
are strictly required & enjoined to cease & forbear acting or inter- 
meddling therein. 

And as it may be necessary for carrying on the Service with 
which you are charged by Virtue of the Power hereby given you 
to employ a Secretary & one or more Interpreters, I do hereby 
give you full Power to appoint them & make such reasonable 
Allowance to them as you shall judge Necessary. For all w ch 
this shall be your Warrant & Authority. Given at the Camp at 
Alexandria this fifteenth day of April 1 755 

E BRADDOCK 
By His Excellencys 
Command 

W. Shirley 

A true Copy 

Peter Wraxall 

Secre 1 ^ 
for Indian Affair*. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 7755-7756 467 

TO PETER WRAXALL 1 



s Alexandria 15 April 7755. 

General Braddock having with the Advice of the Council 
met here committed the superintendency & sole management of 
Indian Affairs to me and empowered me to employ a Secretary 
and as many Interpreters as may be requisite to assist me in the 
discharge of the Trust My Regard for you as well as' to his 
Majesty's Commission lead me to apply to the General for his 
leave to you to return to act in your Office of Secretary for Indian 
Affairs which he has been pleased to grant the present is a 
critical juncture and obliges me to Obtain the best Assistance I 
can. I shall not therefore doubt of your acting in Person since 
otherwise I shall be defeated of that view for his Majesty's 
Service which I had in making this Application to the General 
and, as I have it in my power, you may depend on my making 
you a reasonable Gratuity in Consideration of the additional 
trouble which the discharge of your office may probably be 



1 Peter Wraxall was a son of John Wraxall, of Bristol, England. 
He came to the province of New York not later than 1 746. That year 
he raised a company to take part in the expedition designed against Canada, 
returning the following year to England. In 1 752 he came to America 
again, and claimed, by royal appointment, the offices of town clerk, clerk 
of the peace and clerk of the common pleas in the city and county of 
Albany, as well as that of Indian secretary, but was unable to assume the 
functions of town clerk, his right being disputed by the incumbent of the 
office, Harme Gansevoort. As secretary for Indian affairs, Wraxall pre- 
pared an abridgment of the records of Indian transactions from 1678 to 
1751. In January 1755 he was appointed a captain in the New York 
regiment; and before the opening of the Lake George campaign he was 
made secretary and aide-de-camp to General Johnson. He acquitted 
himself with marked credit in that expedition. He died July 11,1 759 
at about the age of forty years. See Biographical Notice of Peter 
Wraxall by Daniel J. Pratt, Albany 1870, Joel Munsell's Annals of 
Albany, 10:145-49, and Wraxall's Abridgment of the New York 
Indian Records, ed. C, H, Mcllwain, p. 5-7. 

2 By G. Banyar. 



468 Sir William Johnson Papers 

attended with in the present State of Affairs. As I understand 
the General's Order is that you repair to me immediately, you 
will no doubt find me at Mount Johnson where I shall be glad 
to see you as soon as possible. 
INDORSED: Alexandria 15 th April 
1755 

Coppy of my letter to 

Peter Wraxall Esq r . 

FROM JAMES DE LANCEY * 
D. S. 

New York, 16th April 1755. 
By the Honourable James De Lancey 
Esq r : his Majesty's Lieutenant Governour and 
Commander in Chief in and over the Province of 
New York and the Territories Depending thereon 
in America. 

To William Johnson Esq r . Greeting 

Whereas by my Commission 2 dated this day under my seal at 

arms I have appointed you to be Major General & Commander 

in Chief of the Forces now Raised by this Government, and by 

the Governments of the Massachusetts bay, New Hampshire, 

Connecticut and Rhode Island, for an Expedition against the 

French Iricroachments at Crown Point, and upon the Lake 

Champlain; as also of such Indians as shall assist in the service 

of the said Expedition: I do hereby give you the following 

Instructions & orders for the Regulation of your Conduct. 

1 st . You are to engage as soon as possible as many of the 

Indians of the Six Nations, as you can in the aforesaid 

Service, upon the Incouragements proposed to be given them 

by the aforesaid Colonies, as also those ordered by his 

Excellency Major General Braddock to be given them in 



1 In Maryland Historical Society. Compare with instructions from 
Shirley. 

2 Doc. Hist. N. 7., 2:653-54; Q, 2:381. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1 7 55- 1 7 56 469 

Iiis Majesties Name; and you arc to appoint such officers 
to lead and Conduct the said Indians as you shall Judge 
for his Majesties Service. 

2^ y . When you shall have finished your aforesaid Business with 
the Indians, you are to repair to the City of Albany, and 
there wait the arrival of the Forces to be employed in the 
aforesaid Expedition; and as soon as such a Number of 
them shall arrive there as you shall Judge sufficient for that 
Service, you are to proceed with the Train of Artillery and 
ordnance Stores provided for the Expedition, under their 
Convoy to Crownpoint, clearing as you pass along a prac- 
ticable Road for the Transportation of them and the other 
Stores, and to cause such strong houses and places of 
security to be Erected as shall be requisite to serve for 
Magazines of Stores, places of shelter for the Men in their 
March and return to and from the said City of Albany; 
and you are to leave the Necessary orders for such of the 
said Forces as shall not be arrived at the time of your 
departure from Albany to follow you to Crown point as 
soon as may be. 

3 dl y. Upon your arrival at Crown point you are to Cause one or 
more Battery's to be Erected upon the Rockey Eminence 
nigh Fort s*. Frederick, or as near as may be to the said 
Fort upon the most advantageous Ground for Commanding 
the same, and to point the said Battery or Batteries against 
the said Fort and in Case you shall meet with any Resist- 
ance in the Erecting the said Battery or Batteries from the 
Garrison of Fort S 1 : Frederick, you are to attack the same, 
and use your utmost efforts to dislodge the French and to 
take Possession thereof. 

4 thl y. In Case you shall not be Interrupted or annoyed by the 
French in Erecting the said Batteries, then as soon as you 
shall have finished the same, you are to send a summons to 
the Commandant of Fort S*. Frederick, requiring him forth- 
with to retire with the Garrison under his Command, from 
the same, as being an Incroachment upon his Majesties 



470 Srr William Johnson Papers 

Territories, within the Country belonging to the Indians of 
the six nations, and erected Contrary to the Treaty of 
Utrecht made between the Crowns of Great Brittain and 
France, whereby the Indians of the then Five Nations are 
Expressly declared to be subject to the Crown of Great 
Brittain; and in Case the said Commandant shall upon 
Such summons refuse or Neglect to Evacuate the same, you 
are to Compell him to it, by force of Arms, & to break up 
all the French Settlements which you shall find near the 
said Fort or upon the Lake Champlain. 

5thl y if you should succeed in your attempt against Fort s*. Fred- 
erick, you are Immediately upon your becoming Master of 
it, to strengthen yourself therein, and erect such Works as 
with the advice of a Councill of Warr, which you shall 
summons for that purpose, you shall think necessary to pre- 
serve that Important post, and you are to put into it such 
a Garrison as you shall Judge sufficient to maintain the 
same; but as the said Fort may not be Situated in the most 
Convenient or advantageous place, for securing the Posses- 
sion of that Country to his Majesty, you are by yourself 
and your officers to survey and Examine the several places 
upon the Lake Champlain, and to find out such other place 
as you and a Councill of Warr, shall Judge best to answer 
that Purpose, of which you are to give me Immediate 
Notice with your & the Councills Reasons for making 
Choice of the place, you shall agree upon. 

6 th] y. You are to give me a Regular and Constant Account from 
time to time of what you do in discharge of the Trust 
reposed in you, which you are to Transmitt by Express to 
Albany to be forwarded to me or the Commander in Chief. 

7 th1 ?. You are by means of the Indians, or by any other means, 
to procure the best Intelligence you can, of the designs and 
.* motions of the French, the number of any body of Troops, 
they may Employ, to oppose you, or any other of the Kings 
Forces, all which you are to Communicate to me or the 
Commander in Chief from time to time. 



Preliminary Campaigns, / 755-7 756 471 

8 thl y. You are to acquaint the Indians of the Six Nations, if you 
shall Judge it, from the Temper you find them in, proper 
so to do, with his Majesties design to Recover their Lands 
at Niagara, and upon the River Ohio, out of the hands of 
the French, and to protect them against future Incroach- 
ments, for the benefit! of their Tribes: and to Engage some 
of them to meet his Excellency Governour Shirley at 
Oswego, in order to assist him therein upon Such services 
as he shall order them to go upon, assuring them of his good 
Disposition towards their several Castles, and that they will 
be generously Entertained by him. 

Lastly. As to all other Matters concerning which you have no 
particular Instruction herein given you, you are to use your 
Discretion therein for the Good of his Majesties Service 
always Consulting thereupon with a Councill of Warr to 
Consist at least of the Commanding Officer of the Troops 
of each Province engaged in the Expedition, acquainting 
me or the Commander in Chief of this Province with your 
Proceedings as soon as may be. 

Given under my hand at New York the 

sixteenth day of April One Thousand seven 

hundred and fifty five. 

JAMES DE LANCEY 
INDORSED: N. York April 16th, 1755 
Gov r . Delanceys 
Instructions 

to Mr. William Johnson 
Given to R. Gilmor in 1 83 1 * 
by the Rev d . W. B. Spurgen of 

Albany 

See in J. K. Pauling's novel 
of the Dutchman's fireside an 
interesting anecdote of the appointmt. 
of Col. Johnson to the expedition against 

1 This in the hand of one of the owners of the letter. 



472 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Crown Point, an account of his superior 
acquaintance with Indian Warfare 
& claiming from superior officers obedience 
to his orders. 

R. G. 

INSTRUCTIONS FROM WILLIAM SHIRLEY 
D. S. 

April 16. 1755 

By his Excellency Will m : Shirley Esq r . Captain General and 
Commander in Chief in and over the Province of the Massachu- 
sets Bay in New England and of the Lands and Territories 
thereon depending Vice Admiral of the same and Colonel in his 
Majesty's Army. 

To William Johnson, Esq r . Greeting: 

Whereas by my Commission 1 dated this day under my Seal 
at Arms, I have appointed you to be Major General and Com- 
mander in Chief of the Forces now raising by the said Govern- 
ment of the Massachusets Bay, New York, New Hampshire, 
Connecticut and Rhode Island for an Expedition against the 
French Incroachments at Crown Point, and upon the Lake Cham- 
plain ; as also of such Indians as shall assist in the Service of the 
said Expedition: I do hereby give you the following Instructions 
and Orders for the Regulation of your Conduct. 
1 st . You are to engage as soon as possible as many of the 
Indians of the six Nations, as you can in the aforesaid Serv- 
ice upon the Encouragements proposed to be given them by 
the aforesaid Colonies; as also those Ordered by his Excel- 
lency Major General Braddock to be given them in his 
Majesty's Name, and you are to appoint such officers to 
lead and Conduct the said Indians as you shall Judge for 
his Majestys Service. 

2 dl y. When you shall have finished your aforesaid Business with 
the Indians, you are to repair to the City of Albany, and 



1 Doc. Hist. N. y., 2:651-53; Q, 2:380-81. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 473 

there wait the Arrival of the forces to be Employed in the 
aforesaid Expedition; and as soon as such a Number of 
them shall arrive there as you shall judge sufficient for that 
Service, you are to proceed with the Train of Artillery and 
Ordnance Stores Provided for the Expedition, under their 
Convoy to Crown Point, clearing as you pass along a prac- 
ticable Road for the transportation of them and the other 
stores, and to cause such Strong Houses and places of 
Security to be erected as shall be requisite to serve for 
Magazines of Stores, Places of Shelter for the Men in their 
March, and return to & from the said City of Albany : and 
you are to leave the necessary Orders for such of the said 
Forces as shall not be arrived at the time of your Depart- 
ure from Albany, to follow you to Crown point as soon as 
may be. 

. Upon your arrival at Crown point you are to cause one or 
more Batteries to be erected upon the rocky Eminence 
nigh Fort s*. ffrederick or as near as may be to the said 
Fort upon the most advantageous Ground for Commanding 
the same, and to point the said Battery or Batteries against 
the said Fort; and in case you shall meet with any Resist- 
ance in the Erecting of the said Battery or Batteries from 
the Garrison of Fort Frederick you are to attack the same; 
and use your utmost Efforts to dislodge the French Gar- 
rison and to take possession thereof. 

4 th1 ?. In Case you shall not be interrupted or annoy 'd by the 
French in erecting the said Batteries, then as soon as you 
shall have finished the same; you are to send a Summons 
to the Commandant of Fort S l . Frederick requiring him 
forthwith to retire with the Garrison under his Command, 
from the same, as being an Encroachment upon his Majestys 
Territories within the Country belonging to the Indians of 
the Six Nations, and erected contrary to the Treaty of 
Utrecht, made between the Crowns of Great Britain and 



474 Sir William Johnson Papers 

France, whereby the Indians of the then six 1 Nations are 
expressly declared to be subject to the Crown of Great 
Britain; and in case the said Commandant shall upon such 
Summons refuse or neglect to vacate the same, you are to 
Compel him to do it by force of Arms, and to break up all 
the French settlements which you shall find near the said 
Fort or upon the Lake Champlain. 

5thl y jf vou should succeed in your Attempt against ffort S*. 
ffrederick you are immediately upon your becoming Master 
of it to strengthen yourself therein and erect such Works 
as with the advice of a Council of War which you shall 
Summon for that purpose you shall think necessary to 
preserve that important post; and you are to put into it 
such a Garrison, as you shall judge sufficient to maintain 
the same. But as the said Fort may not be situated in the 
most convenient or advantageous place for securing the 
possession of that Country to the English, you are by your- 
self and your Officers to Survey and Examine the several 
places upon the Lake Champlain and to find out such other 
place as you and a Council of War shall judge best to 
Answer that purpose, of which you are to give me imme- 
diate Notice with your and the Councils Reasons for making 
Choice of the place you shall agree upon that I may be 
enabled to give the necessary Orders for fortifying the same. 

6 lhl y. You are to give me a regular and constant Account from 
time to time in discharge of the Trust reposed in you, which 
you are to transmit by express to me whereever I shall 
happen to be. 

7 thl y. You are by means of the Indians or by any other means, 
to procure the best intelligence you can of the designs and 
motions of the French the number of any Body of Troops 



l The peace of Utrecht was established March 31, 1713. The Tus- 
caroras joined the Five Nations in the following year probably. W. M. 
Beauchamp, A History of the Nev> York Iroquois, p. 148; also C. 
Golden, A History of the Five Indian Nations, p. XVI, with the editor's 
note, p. 128. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 475 

they may Employ to oppose you or any other of the Kings 
Forces ; all which you are to Communicate to me from time 
to time* 

8 thl y. You are to acquaint the Indians of the Six Nations, if you 

shall judge it from the Temper you find them in, proper 

so to do, with his Majesty's design to recover their Lands 

at Niagara & upon the River Ohio out of the Hands of the 

French, and to protect them against future Incroachments 

for the benefit of their Tribes: and to engage some of them 

to meet me at Osweego, in order to assist me therein, upon 

such Services as I shall Order them to Go upon; assuring 

them of my good disposition towards their several Castles, 

and that they shall be generously entertained by me. 

Lastly. You are to use your discretion in acting for the 

Good of his Majesty's Service, consistent with the Instructions 

before given you, in the Business Committed to your Charge, in 

any matters concerning which you have no particular Instructions 

Given you; acquainting me constantly with your doing therein 

as soon as possible. 

Given under my Hand ye sixteenth day of April One thou- 
sand seven hundred and fifty five. 

W SHIRLEY 

COMMISSIONS TO JOHNSON 

The preceding paper is followed in the Johnson Calendar, p. 31 by 
Johnson's commission from Shirley, dated April 16th (printed in Doc. 
Hist. N. Y. t 2:651-53; Q, 2:380-81), and the draft of a commission 
from DeLancey (printed in Doc. Hist. N. Y., 2:653-54; Q, 2:381). 
The originals are preserved. 

TO GEORGE CROGHAN 1 
A. Df. S. 

New York April 23 d . 1755 

SIR 

Tho unacquainted, (w h . I am sorry for) I must beg leave to 



1 For a sketch of George Croghan, the trader and Indian agent, see 
Doc. Rel. to Col Hist. N. Y., 7:962-83 (note). 



476 Sir William Johnson Papers 

take the liberty of desiring you to speak to Scarooyady or half 
King 1 in my Name with a Belt of Wampum, the Expence of 
w h . (when Known) I will gratefully pay letting him know that 
the generall has thought proper (w th . the approbation of all the 
gov rs . met at Alexandria last Week) to put the Sole direction 
& Superintendency of Indian Affairs in my Hands, which (from 
w*. he has said to me) I doubt not will be as agreable to Him, 
& his People there, as to the Six Nations. If so, then please to 
tell him my desire is that He goes with as many Indians as he can 
procure & Join the general wherever he is, & Serve him in the 
best Manner he can, Who beyond all doubt will reward him 
& his Party generously. I shall Send Some of the Six Nations 
there as soon as I get 'Home, in order to Serve as Outscouts & ca . 
Excuse this freedom of mine proceeding from a hearty inclination 
to forward the Service and a thorough Sense of your capacity & 
readiness to assist in a thing of that kind. I propose mentioning 
it to y e . General, so should be glad to be favoured with a few 
lines from you on y e . subject with Scarooyady's Answer. 
Expecting which, I shall add nothing further now than that I 
am S r . 

Your welwisher & verry Humble Serv 1 . 

W. J. 
GEORGE CROGHAN Esq r . 

Copia prope Vera 

AN ARTILLERY ESTIMATE * 

D. 

A Rough Estimate of the Expense of transporting y e Artillery 
and makeing Carriages &ca. 

6 Cannon of 18 n pounders their carriages 50 ^ 300 
6 feild Peices Carriages for them 20^ 120 

to Horses, & drivers Sufficient to carry them 
to Crown point in 1 4 Days at l 2 ty Day 1 68 



1 A Delaware chief. 

2 On same sheet as Johnson to Croghan, April 23, 1755. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 477 

Hits 1 or 3 Mortars, and a Sufficient 
Number of Shells to their transportation 
thither by land & Water 50 

Battoes with proper Tools 5 " 8 $ 4320 

Tarpaulins or painted Cloaths for Covering 
the Battoes with Amunition Stores 800 

Weight of Sheet lead for aprons 1 " 4 

Cartrage Paper for Musquets 
D. for Cannon 

20 Gallons of Oyl for Arms 8 

Carrying all the Battoes from Hudsons River to 
the South Bay, Supposeing 800 Battoes at 20 s ^ 800 
transportation of the Amunition, provisions, 
&c over the Said carrying place allowing Each 
Battoe to carry 2 Waggon Load 1 200 

the transportation of the Battoes, & remd r . of 
the Stores, Amunition &ca. back again 1000 

5 O. wg l . of Strong rope for pulling the 
Cannon from the place of landing near Crown 
Point, to the proper place 12 

2 Hand screws 10 
A gin or Triangle for hoisting y e . guns in, & 

out of Battoes 5 

3 Dozen of Sheep Skins 

Spunge, Tacks, two thousand, Copper nails for 

Ladles 2 4 

1 Coil of lashing ropes for Mortars 3 Inch white 

1 D. of Hamburgh line white 

2 lawn Sieves with tops, & Bottoms 

40 Tanned Hides for Covering powder 20 3$ 40 

200 rounds of 1 8. Shott for 6 Cannon is 2 1 600 B @* 230 
300 Shells for the Mortars 

20 leather buckets 14 



Abbreviation for howitzer. 



478 Sir William Johnson Papers 

6 Muscovy lights 15'^ 4" 10 

1 ton of Oakum, or Hay for Wadding 
wheelbarrows, and baskets to be made there 
120 barrels of powder fine for Mortars, & Shells 



3240 
150 barrels of Cannon powder 12 



AN ACT OF THE GENERAL COURT OF MASSACHUSETTS 
Attested Cop]) 

In the House of Representatives April 28. 1755 
Voted that this Government will pay their proportion with the 
other Governments engaged in the intended Expedition to Crown 
Point of the Several Officers hereafter named, the respective 
Sums annexed to their Name 
1 Engineer who shall be Captain 

of the Artillery 12.. 16.. 

A Lieutenant of the Artillery 5. . 6. . 8 

A Second Engineer 4. . 5 . . 4 Month 

3 Sub Engineers 2.. 13.. 4 

1 6 Gunners 2 . . 

Sent up for Concurrence, 

T Hubbard, SpK 
In Council June 21. 1755 Read and Concur'd. 

THO S . CLARKE Dp*. Secry 
Consented to. 

W Shirley 
Copy Examined ^ THO S . CLARKE, Dp*. Secry. 

INDORSED: Votes of the Massachusetts Gov*. 
for the Pay of Engineer &c. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 7755-7756 479 



AN ESTIMATE OF ORDNANCE AND STORES 

Estimate of the Train and the Stores & Necessaries to be pro- 
vided at the general Expence of the Colonies engaging in the 
Design of Building a Fort near the French Fort at Crown Point 

A. D. 1 
New York 
April 30*. 1755 

6 Iron Ordnance fl 18 

4 Brass D B 6 

2 Mortars 13 Inch diameter 
1 Brass D 82 

6 Royals and Cohorns 
200 Shels sized 

1200 ShottB 18 a 20^ Ton 216: 0:0 

200 Shott fl 6. DO 12: 0:0 

200 Charges Grape Shott for the Field P s 1 n n 

being 120. @ 50* j 

180 Blls Cannon Powder @ 12 2160: 0:0 

120 Blls fine Powder for Mortars & Shells 1440: 0:0 

3 Rheams Cannon Cartridge Paper @ 46.... 6:18:0 
2400 Wadds for fl 18 28/ $ C 

15::- 
800 DO for fl 6 28/ 

6 Rammers & Spunges for B 18 5/ 1:10:- 

6 Ladles & Worms for DO 40/ 12::- 

4 Rammers & Spunges f or fl 6 3/ 0:12:- 

4 Ladles & Worms for D 10/ 2: 0:0 

10 Priming Horns 5/6 | 3-0-0 
10 Priming Wires 6 d j 

100 fl Sheet Lead for Aprons 2:16:0 

10 Tompkins sized 8 d 0: 6:8 



1 In hand of G. Banyar. 



480 S/r William Johnson Papers 

20 Leather Buckets @ 14 s 14: 0:0 

2 Hand Screws @ 5 10: 0:0 

1 Ginn 25: 0:0 

24 Sheepskins @ 2/ 2: 8:0 

10 Fathom of 5 inch Rope for 1 /5) 5/ 2- 10-- 

Gunslings 

200 H Match @ 53 s 5: 6:0 

1 Ashen Mortar and Pestle 3 : :- 

2 Lawn Sieves with Tops & Bottoms 1 ^ 

2 Hair DO DO DO j 

1 Coil lashing Rope for Mortars j- @ I/ ^ B. 2:16:0 
White 3 inch. 56 B 

15 Skains D. for small Mortars 1 /2\ 3/6 a$ ft 2-10*0 
Hamburgh Line White j 

1 Stillyard to weigh 200 B 0:16:0 

1 DO to weigh 50 fl 0:12:0 

20 large Horn Lanthorns @ 12/ 12: 0:0 

4 Muscovy Lights @ 1 5 s 3 : 0:0 

i Chaldron Sea Coal 1 : 0:0 

1 Sett Smiths Tools 25: 0:0 

300 fl Barr Iron sorted @ 30 s 4:10:0 

100 fl Steel 4: 0:0 

4 Grind Stones at 8 s 1 :12:0 

3 Cask Nails sorted 9 27: 0:0 

12 Whet Stones at 2* 1 : 4:0 

24 Padlocks Sorted @ 2 s hasps & Staples 3:12:0 

28 B Flax @ 1/6 2: 2:0 

12 Skeins Tarr'd Line 1 ^S) 3/6 4-4-0 

12 DO white DO 

6 Setts Carpenters Tools @ 5 30: 0:0 

6 Setts Masons Tools @ 12 3:12:0 

6 Whip Saws @ 40 12: 0:0 

6 Cross Cutt Saws @ 30 9: 0:0 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 481 

1000 Wood Axes @ 5 250: 0:0 

400 Iron Shovels @ 4 80: 0:0 

200 Spades @ 7 . 70: 0:0 

200 Pick Axes @5 50::- 

200 Bill Hooks @ 4' 40: 0:0 

50 Iron Wedges @ 4/6 1 1 : 5:0 

50 Rings for 25 Beetles @ 1/6 3:15:0 

200 fl Oakum at 4<U 3:15:0 

1 Smith @ 6 8 ^ diem 150 days 45: 0:0 

4 Carpenters @ 6 ^ diem 180: 0:0 

1 Dozen of broad Axes 8/ 4:16:0 

6 Barrels Pitch & Tarr @ 15 s 4:10:0 

1 D Tallow 6: 4:0 

100 B Candles @ 8<* 3: 6:8 

10 Gallons Oil for Arms @ 12 6: 0:0 

100 B Rope 5 Inch for drawing Cannon 5 : :- 

200 Tarpawlins to cover Stores. @ 40 s 400: 0:0 

6 Carriages for transporting theY 

i ^ . pir r I-)U: U:U 

heavy Cannon @ z5 . . . . J 

4 Carriages for the Field Pieces 



@15 | 60:0:0 

3 Beds for the Mortars @ 5 15: 0:0 

6 Large Strong Battoes for carrying "1 AO- 0-0 

the heavy Cannon 1 j" 

100 Battoes for carrying all the other 1 c/tn n n 

Storesat5/8 | 

Waggon Hire 3000: 0:0 

Horses & Men for the Carriages 1 170- (VO 

with the Cannon j 

To charge of transporting the 1 120- 0-0 

above Stores to Albany . . . J " 

9351:18:- 
16 



482 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Six Iron Crow bars 30 ty 9 

Incidents w h . may have escaped 1 , ,^ 

my observation j 



10,000::- 

a Vessel of ab* 40 Tons to be built 
imediately on Lake Champlain. 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : An Estimate of y c . train 

& ordnance Stores for Crown 
Point Expedition 
April 30* 1755 

AN ESTIMATE MADE BY THE JERSEY ASSEMBLY OF THE 

EXPENSE OF 500 MEN FOR CROWN POINT EXPEDITION 

D. 
An Estimate made by the Jersey Assembly April 1 755 

500 good striped Blankets @ 10/. . . 250 

500 good lapelled Coats @ 30/. . . 750 

500 Felt Hatts @ 3/. . . 75 

1000 Check Shirts 7/6. . 375 

1000 P'. Ozanbrig Trousers 9/6. . 475 

500 P'. Shoes 7/6. . 187 10 

500 P'. Stockings 4/. . . 100 

100 Tents 33 y* Each 70/. . . 350 

500 Stand of Arms @ 70/. . . 1 750 

15 barrels of powder @ 10. ... 150 

45 O. lead 34. ... 76 10 

500 Volunteers Bounty for them 30 750 

500 Subsistance for 20 days @ 9<* $ 367 10 

192 barK Pork 60* ^ 576 

1 10 DO. Beef 40 220 

600 C < of Bread 15 ^ 450 

2000 gallons of Rum 2/3 ^ .... 225 

200 Bushels pease 5/ 50 

3500 of Bacon. 6/ 1 . 87 10 



1 This should be pence, not shilling". 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 483 

5(P of flower 15/ 40 

40 Ct of Rice 16/ 35 

1500 of Cheese 4J 30 

1500 of Butter 9/ 1 56 5 

900 gallons Molasses. . 2/ w h . is 32 barrels. 90 

15 C '. of Tobacco 257 1815 

A Chirurgeon 120 Days @ 7/6. 45 ] 

His Mate @ 3/9. 22 10 L 127 10 

Chest of Medicines 60 J 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Jersey Estimate of the 

Expence of 500 Men 
for C. Point Expedition 



TO WILLIAM SHIRLEY 

The fragment of an undated letter from Johnson to Shirley, containing 
estimates, following this in the Johnson Calendar, was destroyed in the fire. 



TO WILLIAM SHIRLEY 
A. D. 

May /, 7755 

A Row Galley of 40 Tons mounted with Six Swivels, and a 
Couple of Cannon carrying 2 tt Shot, verry necessary to be ime- 
diately built for the Service at Lake Champlain, as such a Vessel 
well fitted & Manned must command any thing the French have 
as yet there, and of course prevent their Sending any Succours 
to Crown Point Fort. This would also facilitate our peircing 
further into that Country if necessary and effectually prevent, & 
deter any Parties of their Indians from attempting a passage that 
Way. 

Forts indispensably necessary to be built at the Most 
important [and dangerous] Passes, which may not only favour 



1 This should be pence, not shillings. 



484 Sir William Johnson Papers 

a retreat in case of any Disaster but [will be proper] Serve as 
Magazines for lodgeing provisions &ca in. & also as Hospitals 
for Sick or Wounded. 

The first I would propose to be built at, or near M r . Lyddiu's 
Place from whence we must have everry thing Carried by land 
to a place called the South Bay which is near 20 Miles from 
Hudsons River, a Second to be built there, Which is the place 
we take to our Boats again, the third to be built at Tie'non'- 
de'ro'go which is at the North End of Lake S*: Sacrament, a 
verry Dangerous, & important place, & to be secured at all 
Events, as it will then command the only two passes they have to 
our Country, as may be seen by the Draught of them Lakes. 

It is realy a Second Niagara this Way being also a Strait 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : For Gov r Shirley 

Some remarks 
Given him y e . Original 
May K 1755. 



FROM JAMES DE LANCEY 

L. S. 

New York V May 1755 

SIR 

The Indians of the two Mohawk Castles having desired Forts 
may be built among them for the Security of themselves and 
their Families; and his Majestys Council having advised me to 
order two to be built, one at the upper and the other at the lower 
Castle, and to draw for that Expence out of the Fund of 5000 
appropriated by Act of Assembly for refreshing his Majesty's 
Troops & ca . I must desire, if you find the Indians still desirous 
of having those Forts built, you would immediately employ 
proper Persons to build them, and give them the necessary Direc- 
tions But that you will be careful the Expence do not exceed five 
hundred pounds, and upon your rendring me an Account thereof, 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 485 

you shall receive a Warrant on the Treasurer for payment of it 
I am Sir 

Your most humble Servant 

JAMES DE LANCEY 
The Hon ble WILLIAM JOHNSON Esq r . 

If Col: Johnson sends Accounts of the Expence as it accrues 
the Governor will issue Warrants from time to time. 

INDORSED : May 3 d . 1 755 

Orders to build two 
Forts for the Mohawks 



FROM ROBERT H. MORRIS 1 
L. S. 

<May 3^ 7755, New York> 
SIR 

As I have not been able from the Hurry of Business you have 
been engaged in to speak to you so fully as I would Do upon the 
affair of Lydius's purchase of Lands in Pensilvania for some 
People of Connecticut I must beg Leave to trouble you with this 
letter upon the head. 

You may remember the Manner proposed Effectually to dis- 
troy the Effect of that Clandestine transaction of Lydius & to 
prevent the Like for the future was to envite the six nations to send 
deputys to your House to declare their Sense of that Deed and 
to make an Absolute Conveyance to the proprietarys of Pensil- 
vania of all the Lands within the Limitts of their Grant from the 
Crown, and M r . Delancey having some Doubts Concerning the 
Northern boundary of M r . Penn's Grant I assured him that I 
proposed to take the Deed from the Indians in the same words 
with the Kings grant having no Intention to Extend the province 
by an Indian Purchase further than the Bounds Expressed in the 
Royal Charter would carry it This I believe has Satisfied M r . 



Governor of Pennsylvania, 1 75456. 



486 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Delancey as he has made no further Objection to the thing For 
Carrying it Therefore into Execution. 

I propose that agreable to your friendly Offer of Assistance in 
this Affair That you < should Invite the Six Nations to your 
house Either Solely upon this Subject, or Joyn this> Invitation 
with the one you are to <^send them upon> the Publick service, 
or take no notice of <it in the> invitation as you shall Judge 
Best and <that you will^> be good Enough to Let me know the 
time <Appointed> for their being at your House that I may 
send <^proper> Commissioners to transact this matter under 
your advise and Assistance. Gov r . Shirley to whom I have fully 
Communicated this Matter is of Opinion that the makeing this 
purchase at the time of your meeting with them upon other 
Matters will be very proper and not in the Least Interfere with 
the publick Service. 

As to the Consideration I think besides a sum of Money 
down there must be an Annual payment for a Certain term of 
years to be Agreed on at the meeting in which your Advice w,ll 
have Great Weight with me and the persons Employed. I 
have Orders from the proprietarys of Pensilvania to Return you 
their thanks for the part you have taken in this Affair and to 
begg the Continuance of your Good Offices which you may be 
Assured will meet with the most Gratefull Return from them. 

I am Sir 

Your Most Obed' Humble Serv 1 

ROB T H. MORRIS 
ADDRESSED: <To The Hono ble William Johnson, Esq r one 

of His Majesties Councill for the province of New York> 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 487 

RESOLVES OF NEW YORK ASSEMBLY 

Attested Copy 1 
Assembly Chamber the 3 d May 1755 

Resolved that it is the opinion of this House that the allowance 
to the officer who is to Command in Chief the united Forces of 
this and the neighbouring Colonies on the intended service of 
Erecting one or more Forts nigh Crown Point on his Majesty's 
Lands together with the necessary expence he shall be put to 
ought to be a common charge among all the Colonies engaged 
therein. 

Resolved that this House will make Provision for supplying 
the just Proportion of this Colony towards the said Common 
Charge. 

Ordered that Captain Richard and Col. Beekman wait on his 
Honour the Lieu* Governor with the aforesaid Resolutions. 
By order of the Gen 1 Assembly, 

Abr Lott, jun r Clk. 
Copy Exam d . By 

Gw BANYAR D Secry 
INDORSED: May 3 d . 1755 

Resolves of the Assembly 
of New York 



TO THE SEVERAL GOVERNORS 
Cont mporary Copy 2 

Nenyork May the 5 th 1755. 
SIR 

Being appointed Commander in chief of the Colony Forces 
for the proposed expedition to Crown Point, I think it incumbent 



1 By Banyar. 

2 This letter, with some variations from the draft, was printed in the 
Rural Magazine or Vermont Repository for November, 1796, 2:536-37. 



488 Sir William Johnson Papers 

on me, as much as in my Power, to remove every Difficulty in 
the Way of the Service & to Suggest every thing that may Favour 
the Success of it. As the Train of artillery is so essentially neces- 
sary, that we can not move without it, and is to be furnished by the 
Eastern Colonies, I make no Doubt your Honour will do every 
thing on your part, that it be provided with all the Expe- 
dition possible, that our March may not be retarded or our Stay 
at Albany longer then absolutely necessary, which may confirm 
the Enemy in their Suspicion of an attack, if the Intelligence may 
unhappily have reached them; I am apprehensive we shall be 
destitute of proper Persons to manage the Train, & if there be in 
your Honours Gov* any Persons qualified as an Engineer or 
Bombardier or well acquainted with the Management of the 
Artillery I beg you would if possible engage them in the Service, 
as much depends upon it. You must be apprized that a great 
Number of Battoes will be wanting to transport the Troops, 
besides these for the Train & Ordinance Stores. One of those 
Vessels is allowed to every five Men, those designed for this 
Gov ts Forces are in Hand, and as the other Colonies must I con- 
ceive get theirs built here and in the Jerseys, it will hardly be 
possible to build so great a Number early enough, unless they 
send Workmen from their own Gov ts to assist. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : 

Coppy of a Letter wrote to the Severall Gov rs engaged or con- 
cerned in the intended Expedition to C. P l May 5 th . 1 755. 

Sent to y e . Genr 1 1 May 18 th . 1755. 



Braddock? 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1 755-7 756 489 

FROM DANIEL GLAUS 1 
A. L. S. 

Canajoharee May 7 th 1755 
HONOURED SIR 

I heartily congratulate y r . Honour to the New Office & hope 
your Honour may administer the same with Health & Pros- 
perity, as I am convinced your Honours Integrity & Conduct will 
fully satisfie the Confidence his Majesty pleasd to put in you. 

I am desired by Hendrik, Abraham, & the Rest of the 
Sachems of this Castle to inform your Honour with what dis- 
pleasure they must understand hotv 2 \\ have heard, that || Peter 
the French Indian by his Long stay in the Lower Mohawks 
Castle, & by the Intrigues he was influenced \\ charged || w lh by 
his Employers brought it as last so far || to pass || that several 
and also \\ even || Chiefs of y e || Mohawk || Castle, resolved to go 
off w* him to Canada, not considering the hostilities the French 
many years past comitted among their People & their Bretheren 
the English, and in a Manner but very lately murder'd Gent- 



1 Daniel Claus was born September 1 3, 1 727, at Bennigham, Germany, 
and was the son of Adam Frederick, prefect of the place. Coming to 
America in 1 749 on an unfortunate business enterprise, he journeyed 
the next year to the Mohawk valley, and the year after visited that region 
again. Here he engaged in the study of the Iroquois language; and, 
acquiring proficiency in its use, he was often employed as an interpreter. 
He took part in the Lake George campaign, sometimes serving as a scout; 
and in 1 76 1 he obtained a captain's commission. The following year he 
married Sir William Johnson's eldest daughter, Nancy. For a number 
of years he was deputy agent of Indian affairs in Canada. He acquired 
a tract 800 acres in extent in the neighborhood of Fort Johnson. In the 
expedition of St Leger to the Mohawk valley in 1 777 Claus led the 
Canadian Indians. Daniel C/aus's Narrative, published by the Society 
of Colonial Wars in the State of New York ; and William L. Stone, Life 
and Times of Sir William Johnson. 

2 Words in italics have been crossed out by Johnson and words between 
parallels II are inserted and in the hand of Johnson. A copy of the letter 
as corrected was probably sent to General Braddock. 



490 Sir William Johnson Papers 

shyagoa one of their head Men, whose death the Caghnawagies 
when last in the Mohawks, would have condol'd if the Friendship 
they pretended to renew, Tvoud have come !| came || out of a 
sincere heart; Besides by going there || to Canada || they must be 
suspected to incline more for \\ to || the French King, then their 
father the King of England, & thereby break the so firmly con- 
structed Chain of Friendship, which ever since it was made the 
Mohawks kept up the Credit of preserving it bright, & now at a 
time, when its Strenght ought to be most depended upon, they 
were a going to let it fail \\ Slip ||. 

Wherefore they the above mentioned Ind 8 earnestly beg of 
your Honour to enquire into the Truth of y e Matter & if found 
true, to || that you would || endeavour to prevent their Attempt 
if possible; At the same time they look'd at Peter the French 
Ind n as an employed Spy who ought to be taken up, & Secured, 
till such a time when it rvould be \\ it was || too late, to deliver his 
Speculations || to the French ||. 

I have no more to add but am with due Respect Honoured, 
Sir. 

your most obedient humble Servant, 

DAN CLAUS 

P: S*: Henry & Abraham x Salutes your Honour & are ready 
to receive your Message every Moment. Some of y e . Ind s could 
not wait in y e Castle for want of provisions, & therefore are gone 
to Lake Otsege in Order to fish || for their Sustenance ||. 

ADDRESSED: To The Hono blc William 
Johnson Esq r 

&tera 
at Mount Johnson 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: May 7 th 1755 

M r . Clause letter 
from Conajoharie 



1 King Hendrick and his brother. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 491 

FROM WILLIAM SHIRLEY 
L. S. 
Stratford, Connecticut Colony, 

May 7, 7755. 
SIR, 

I am favour'd w*. your's of the 4 th . Ins*., wherein You observe 
that the Officers to be appointed for the Indians have no Assur- 
ance of Pay & that You think there was room for those Officers 
to doubt of Pay; They shall certainly receive y e same, w ch . the 
Officers of the Provincial Troops have given them; If that will 
not satisfy 'em, it must depend upon yourself to ascertain it; I 
will be answerable to You for my own Government's making 
good your Agreements as to it's Proportion, & can't doubt the 
same as to the other Governments doing the same ; If You mean 
by those Officers having more than a bare Assurance, that they 
should receive some Advance Pay, I will endeavour to get some ; 
I can't think they will be scrupulous as to insist upon any think 1 
further; If You mean any thing more be pleas'd to let me know it. 

As there is no Estimate of what it will cost to engage the 
Indians, & the Number that will be engag'd is uncertain, the 
Assembly of the Massachusetts Bay left y e doing of what is 
necessary for that Purpose to your Discretion, & pass'd a general 
Vote for paying their Share of whatever that should amount to; 
& I will answer for their punctually performing it : In the mean 
time I think a Sum ought to be advanced to You for that Service, 
that You may not be under the Necessity of advancing your own ; 
But if that should not be effected, I can't see the least room for 
You to scruple making Use of the 800 lodg'd in your hands by 
General Braddock ; the whole End of it's being lodg'd there is to 
engage the Indians at this Juncture, & if that is lost by your not 
making that use of it, in Case You shall have no other Money in 
your hands for that Service, it will certainly be thought an ill- 



Think ** in the manuscript. 



492 Sir William Johnson Papers 

judg'd Parsimony; Besides it appears by the Minutes of the 
Council at Alexandria, that it is design'd that the Crown shall be 
reimburs'd even this 800 by the Colonies. I say not this to 
excuse the Colonies from paying the Expence of engaging the 
Indians over & above what General Braddock hath lodg'd w th . 
You, as I think they ought to do ; But I think You ought by no 
means to run y e . least Riske of hurting the King's Service w th . 
the Indians in our present Attempt by not employing the 800 
to engage them in it, if You shall have no other Money in your 
hands to do it with. In the mean time, I must apprize You that 
upon my pressing the Assembly of New York (in a Letter to 
M r . De lancey) to make Provision on their part for engaging 
the Indians, as also in particular for defraying the Expence of a 
Row Galley for Lake Champlain, he observ'd as to y e . first to 
me that Gen 1 Braddock had order'd 2000 into your hands for 
y e . Indians, w ch . I have insisted upon is a Mistake, & must desire 
You to let me know how that Matter is; & as to the latter, he 
told me there would be a Vote of his Assembly to pay their Share 
of your Expences; w ch . is by no means satisfactory to me, & I 
now let him know it again. 

You may depend upon my exerting my best Endeavours w*. 
all the other Assemblies to make Provision for y e . special Expence 
of building a Row Galley, as also a proper one for engaging the 
Indians; & in particular for Ordnance Stores; & if it is possible 
for me to get You an Engineer, I will : The only Engineers we 
had at Cap Breton (I mean of any real Service) was the late 
Gunner of our Castle, & a Scholar of his, Capt n . Gridley 1 ; I 
must make as bad a Shift in this Respect at Niagara. 

I must desire You to send me as soon as may be a Copy of 
the General's Power to You to draw on me for the Exigencies 
of the Service You are engag'd in; Your Drafts shall be 
answer'd, but I desire You would particularize the Articles on 
Ace*: of w ch . You draw; & I would have You in my Absence 



Richard Gridley, of Boston, Mass. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 493 

draw on M r . John Erving Jun r . of Boston whom I will order to 
honour Yo r : Bills. 

You may in the whole depend that Nothing in my Power shall 
be wanting in any Regard to render y e . Execution of Your Com- 
mand easy & successfull & to represent in a just light, the Merit 
of Your Service to His Majesty & his Ministers according to the 
high Opinion, I have of it. 

I am with much Truth Sir, 

Your Faithfull Humble Servant. 

W SHIRLEY 
MAJOR GENERAL JOHNSON 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: May 7 th 1 755 

Gov r . Shirleys letter 
concerning the officers pay and the 
Indians. 

Some things Material 
Sent Extracts of this to y e . Genr 1 . 1 May 18 th . 1755 



RESOLVE OF CONNECTICUT ASSEMBLY. 
Contemporary Copy 

Hartford, Connecticut, May 8, 7755 
<Anno regni Regis Georgii 2 

At a general Assembly of the Governor and Company of His 
Majesty's English Colony of Connecticut in New England in 
America holden at Hartford in said Colony on the 2 d . Thursday 
of May annoque domini, 1 755. 

Upon the petition of Phineas Lyman, Roger Wollcott jun r . 
Samuel <Grey, Abraham Devenpo>rt, Esqr., and some others 
their associates, to the Number <of about eight hund>red & 
fifty, known by the name of the Susquahana<h Company > by 



^raddock? 

2 Several words illegible before the manuscript was injured by fire. 



494 Sir William Johnson Papers 

' % 
their Agents George Willis, Daniel Edwards, Samuel <Toll- 

cott, Thomas> Seymour, and Eliphalet Dyer, representing that 
this Colony according to the express Limits of its royal Charter 
is in extent from the Naraganset Bay on the east to the South 
Sea on the west, and from the Sea Shore on the South, to the 
line of the Massachusets province on the North That within 
and towards the western parts of its Limits are, and time im- 
memorial, have been, large numbers of the Indian Nations com- 
monly called the Six Nations, dwelling improving, and Claiming 
a large extent thereof, That a Certain large parcell of such their 
cl<^aim^> situate and lying on the Waters of the Susquahanah 
about Seventy Miles north and South, and from about ten Miles 
east of said Ri<^ver]> extending westward about two degrees of 
Longitude; they Said Nations finding it not necessary for their 
own use, have, from very valuab<le Considerations, been 
induced to relinguish and sell to said petitioner's and th>at 
some well ordered plantation in so near a neighbourhood <^to 
Nations might most likely be a means to cement and fix 
in]> friendship with his Majesty's Subjects, and that 
they the said <[In^>dian Nations are desirous such settlement 
might be promoted <^and^> carried on as being conducive to 
their Interest and safety, and there<^up^>on praying the Consent 
of this Assembly, that his Majesty if it be his royal pleasure grant 
said Lands to the petitioners and their associates, thereon to erect 
and settle a Colony, for the more effectual securing said Indians 
in his Majestys Interest, and defence of his Majesty's Dominions 
in North America, with liberty for farther purchases of said 
Indians to said purpose as occasion may be. 

Resolved by this Assembly, that they are of opinion that the 
peaceable and orderly erecting and carrying on some new and 
well regulated Colony or plantations on the Lands abovesaid, 
would greatly tend to fix and secure said Indian Nations in 
allegiance to his Majesty, and friendship with his Subjects; and 
accordingly hereby manifest their ready acquiescence therein, if 
it should be his Majestys <ro>yal pleasure to grant said 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 495 

< Lands > to said petitioners, and thereon erect and Settle a 
new Colony <in such form, and under such regulations, as 
might be consistent with royal Wisdom, and also take leave 
humbly to recommend the said petitioners to his royal In the 
premises. 

A true Copy of record examined. > 

By <GEORGE WILLIS, Secry.> 

INDORSED: Resolve of Gov r and Assembly 

of Connecticut 1 755 touching a 
Settlement upon Susquehanna & c . 



FROM THOMAS BUTLER 
A. L. S. 

, May 14 th . 1755 



SIR 

Yesterday eveing thirty three french Battoes past here, being 
that party I wrote you of ^ Jos: Wells. I count they were 
between three & foure hundred Men. I lern by an Anonida 
Indian that a large body of french with a considerable Number 
of Indians Are Soon to follow and after them The Grand Army. 
I have in My House A Cheapowa indian that lives near To 
Nigra Who tells me All the forign Nations are to Assist the 
French. The five Nations by their talk expect they Will be 
called down. Atrowana & his Sons in law with Sundry others 
are here and Say they will all Go down if desir'd. 

There is Still a Strong Notion among The Indians that the 
English have a mind to destroy them, if that cou'd once be put 
out their Heads we might have the most of them in our intrist. 
I hear no More of the French Priest 8 : Going to Annonida, Nor 
of the 100 Men Going to Annodaga So hope it May only be 
a false report. 

There is a Family of Annodagas come from Swegatia, being 



496 Sir William Johnson Papers 

dissatisfied with the French Preist there & c . and are resolv'd to 
Settle again, in their Old Castle. I am Sir With Due regard 

Your Most obed*. Serv 1 . 

THO S : BUTLER 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Tho s . Butler's Letter 

from Oswego rec d the 19 May 1755. 
Sent to y e . Genr 11 . 
May 18 th . 1755. 



FROM GEORGE CROGHAN 

L. S. 
SIR Fort Cumberland, 1 May the 15 th 1755 

I received your favour of the 23 d April some days after I 
got to the Camp where I had brought all the Indians which were 
under my Care I delivered your Message to Scarooyady agree- 
able to your desire and by the inclosed answer 2 you will See it 
was received I at the same time acquainted them that you were 
appointed sole manager of Indian Affairs which gave a general 
satisfaction to the Indians here there's forty odd fighting Men 
& Lads the Shawnesse & Delawares are not yet come in last 
fall at the instigation of the French they fell upon our Settle- 
ments in North Carolina where they killed and took Prisoners 
Twenty odd People which makes them afraid but as the General 
has promised upon their joining him that he will forget every 
thing of that sort and as the Six Nations have sent to them we 
expect to be joined by the most of them I should be glad to 
keep up a Corrispondance with you and shall by every opper- 
tunity let you know what is doing in these parts I lately received 
a Letter from M r . Franks wherein he acquaints me that you 
were so kind as to inquire after my Losses which have been very 



1 Fort Cumberland, on Will's creek, Md., was built by Colonel James 
Innes in 1754, Writings of George Washington, ed. Jared Sparks, 2:63 
(note). 

2 Doc. Rel. to Col Hist. N. 7., 6:973. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 497 

great Cap 1 Trent 1 and myself were deeply engaged in the 
Indian Trade we had trusted out great quantities of Goods to 
the Traders the chief of them were ruined by Robberies com- 
mitted on them by the French and their Indians & those which 
were not quite ruined when the French Army came down as well 
as ours for what the French and Indians had not robed us of we 
lost by the Indians being prevented from hunting by which means 
we lost all our debts. After this Coll. Washington pressed our 
Horses by which means a parcell of Goods & Horses we had 
left fell into the Enemys hands our whole losses amounts to 
between five and six Thousand Pounds. As I propose going out 
with the Army if you have any Commands please to lay them on 
me I expect we shall march from here in about fifteen or twenty 
days I am with great Esteem Sir 

Your most obedient humb Serv*. 

GEO: CROGHAN 

ADDRESSED: On His Majesties Service 
To Coll : William Johnston 
In The Mohawk Country. 
Phi. 6 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Fort Cumberland May 15 th . 1755. 

George Croghans letter. 



HUBERT MARSHALL TO JOHN M. ROSEBOOM 

A. L. S. 

May 15, 1755 

Lieu 1 John Mind". Roseboom I Order You to go up to Your 
Command at ffort William, there to Leave Proper Directions 
with Serj*. Alex r M c Kenny to keep the remainder of Your Com- 
mand in good Order & Discipline & that You give Strict Orders 
to the Men to Obey him & that in case any thing Extraordinary 
happens during Your Absence as I shall Venter to give You 



Captain William Trent, of Virginia. 



498 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Leave to go down to New York for the Recovery of Your 
Heath, that Your Serjeant shoud Apply to Lieu 1 General 
Johnson for his Assistance in case the Garrison shoud be Attackt 
Given under my Hand at Fort Frederick this Fifteenth day of 
May 1755 

HUBERT MARSHALL 
To LIEU T . ROSEBOOM 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. . 

New York 16 May 1755. 

I desired M r . Heath this forenoon to inclose you the News 
Papers, and the Acts of Assembly. I forwarded your Letters 
to New Hampshire & Rhode Island by the Post : those to Gov. 
Shirley and the Governor of Connecticut I sent by M r . Oliver 
DeLancey who went the same Morning you did, so that M r . 
Shirley must have received his before he left Hartford: We 
hear nothing concerning the Train yet. I believe we shall get our 
five Companies from Connecticut, but as M r . DeLancey is not 
yet come it is not yet certain; they insisted on nominating one of 
the Field officers, and as M r . Verplanck declines going, if 
Conn*, appoint one, M r . Cockroft must be the Colonel here or 
not go at all, unless the Assembly who are to meet the 27 th . Inst. 
provide for a third. The Saturday before you went M r . Shirley 
gave or sent a "Lre 1 to the Governor proposing these Points. 
That the several Assemblies should enable you to engage as 
many Indians as you can upon the Occasion: To erect such 
Forts & Places of Strength on your March as you may think 
necessary for securing Stores, sheltering Men & receiving the 
Sick & wounded. Also to enable you to build a proper Fort at 
the Place of your Destination, to contain a sufft Garison to 
resist the strongest attack that may be expected. But as the 
Assembly broke up that Afternoon, they were left till their next 

1 Letter. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1 7 55-1 7 56 499 

Meeting, I just hinted this to you before your departure. M r . 
Shirley, before M r Oliver's arrival had endeavoured to prevail 
with the Conn*. Men to raise 200 or 300 Men, which, 
upon his Encouragement, I understand Col. Schuyler 1 was to 
pay or engage to pay, & to go with the other 500 But the Gov nt . 
would not hearken to it. I din'd the other day with an officer 
(at the Gov rs .) lately from Frederick, who says the Lieutenant, 
I endeavoured to describe to him as well as I could & I believe had 
his name then & who the General was to have sent you, march'd 
from thence with the Regiment he belonged to, after the General 
arrived at that place, If so the General has not sent or given him 
an Order to join you. It will not be amiss to mention it again 
if you send an Express to him by Land. He will not go from 
Wills's Creek till June, in the beginning. Orders are Come to 
augment those 2 Reg ts . and those of Nova Scotia to 1000 each, 
& he has given fresh directions for Recruiting. The waggons he 
expected from Philadelphia I understand are ready. The officers 
are come for the Vessells on the Lake. I dont like these French 
Indians being suffered to come to Albany to hear & carry away 
what they can. Tom Wileman I am told was heard to say he 
wondered where the Forces staid, meaning ours, for he wanted 
to see them. 

I long to hear from you. I wish you your health under the 
great Fatigue you must undergo at present, & the utmost Success 
in your .Undertakings. I am D r S r 

your most obed* hble Servant 

Gw BANYAR 
COL. JOHNSON 

ADDRESSED : To The Hono ble William Johnson Esq r . 

at Mount Johnson. To the Care of M r . 

Peter Sylvester at Albany. 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : May 1 6 th . 1 755 

Banyars letter. 



1 Colonel Peter Schuyler, of the " Jersey Blues." 



500 Sir William Johnson Papers 



TO JAMES DE LANCEY 
D/. 1 
Mount Johnson 16 May 1755 

SIR 

Last night I reed by an Express a Letter from Gov r Shirley 
bearing date the 7 Inst from Stratford in Connecticut 

He writes me concerning the Pay of the Officers to be 
appointed for the Indians, that if they will not be satisfied with 
the same Pay as the officers of the Provincial Troops are to have, 
it depends on me to ascertain it, and that he will be answerable 
for His Gov ts . making good my Agreements as to Its Proportion 
& cant doubt the other Gov ts . doing the same. 

I have this day Answered him, that as the Duty of these 
officers will be more fatiguing & expensive by the extraordinary 
wear & tear of their Cloaths & c And that they formerly had the 
same pay as those in British Foot they will naturally & reasonably 
insist upon the same now. That I am fully satisfied meer verbal 
Assurances for their Pay will not be sufficient, that they will 
demand a more solid Satisfaction & expect to be put upon some 
certain footing with regard thereto. That this ought to have been 
already done that they might be now taking the previous Steps 
to assist the common Cause. 

Gov r . Shirley writes me, that the Assembly of his Province, 
as no Estimate had been made what it would cost to engage the 
Indians & what Number would be engaged was uncertain, had 
left the doing what was necessary for that purpose to my Dis- 
cretion <5r passed a General Vote, for paying their Share of what- 
ever that should amount to & that he will answer for their 
punctuality in performing it. Upon which I have wrote him 

That the progress of the French amongst the Indians hath run 
such lengths & thrown such unfavorable Dispositions into them 
w** 1 . together with the weakness of the public Influence upon them 
will render my Task & c . (as in Gov r . Shirley s Letter). 



In handwriting of P. Wraxall. 



Preliminary Campaigns, J 7 55-1 7 56 501 

That the 800. lodged by Gen 1 Braddock in my hands & c . 
(vide Shirleys). 

That his Assurances in behalf of his Assembly have all the 
weight & c . (vide Shirleys). 

That I am under a necessity in this Affair to be thus Explicit 
& c . (vide Shirleys) . 

That I shall draw if that method be prescribed me & c . (vide 
Shirleys). 

That as to the 2000. w ch . Gen 1 Braddock had put into my 
hands or rather had given me Orders to draw for on M r . O. de 
Lancey 800 or upwards & c . (vide Shirleys). 

Thus Sir I have wrote to Gov r . Shirley & by these Sentiments 
I shall abide & I have desired him to acquaint y e other Gov ls . 
with them. To you Sir I can open myself with abundant Satis- 
faction, for was it my own private Concern, you have given me 
great reason to depend upon your favour & friendship, but as it is 
an Affair of the most important Consequence to the Welfare & 
Security of these Colonies in general & particularly so of this 
I assure myself neither the Influence of your public Station nor 
that of your private Character will lie dormant on this critical 
Juncture, & that by your Exertion together with the evident 
Reasons & absolute necessity of it, a certain Sume will be ordered 
by this Colony & that I shall receive directions after what manner 
& upon whom I shall draw for our part of the Expences w * 1 . this 
important article of the public Service to w ch . I am appointed will 
require. Upon this head I beg you will favor me with your 
Instructions without any avoidable delays, that I may know upon 
what ground I stand & be enabled to fulfill that essential part of 
the general Plan agreed upon by the Council at Alexandria the 
securing & maintaining the Fidelity & assistance of the 6 united 
Nations to the British Interest. 

And now Sir I must apply to you a little on my own behalf. 
I have as you know accepted the Command of the Forces destined 
towards Crown Point, & that it was pressed upon me without any 
Schemes or Sollicitations of mine to obtain it, that I was & am 



502 Sir William Johnson Papers 

still of opinion that it is an Undertaking equal to greater abilities 
than I claim to my share. My unfeigned Zeal & the utmost of 
my Capacity shall be employed to render it Successful, I seek I 
desire no private Emolument to my fortune by the Command but 
surely Sir the public should take Care & fix a reasonable Estab- 
lishment for me, of w ch . I see no Footsteps nor have any Inti- 
mations concerning it, I have hinted this Article to Gov r . Shirley 
& I beg you will please to give me some Informations on this 
Head & if this Colony will make any Provision towards this 
Establishment. 

[/ shall write to the Gov rs . of Connecticut, Rhode Island & 
New Hampshire upon the foregoing Subjects*] 

I have already had a Conference with the two Mohock Castles 
& c . (vide Shirley s) . 

Tho I did send a Message on my return hither thro the Six 
Nations & c . (vide Shirleys) 

I am most respectfully Sir 

Your Honours Most Obed 1 & Affec 1 hum serv* 
INDORSED BY WRAXALL: Copys of my Letters to Gov r . Shirley 

& Gov r . DeLancey 16 May 1 755 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Sent Extracts of them 

to the Genr 1 . 
May 18^. 1755 



MEMORANDUMS TO THE SEVERAL GOVERNMENTS 

Draft corrected by Johnson 

To write to the several Governments desiring they will inform 
me from time to time how they go on in those parts of the expe- 
dition they are concerned in 

That as fast as the Companys are compleated they [should] 
may be sent to Albany [where they might be disciplined and 
made fit for service. ] to receive further Ord" 

1 Material in italics and brackets erased in original manuscript. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 503 

That a proper person [should] be appointed as commissary 
in each Province to Muster the Co 8 and order'd not to pass a man 
unfit for service 

That I may be impow'd to review the Men of each Colony 
and discharge such as I may find unfit for the service also. 

That all the provisions and War like stores be sent with all 
immaginable dispatch to Albany [and lodg'd there or any tvhere 
else more convenient] and that commissary s for the provisions 
and store keepers for the ordnance be sent also to provide proper 
places to receive them. 

That a proper Person be immediately appointed to receive 
and take care of the Battoes with the necessary Setting Poles 
and Paddles and to be accountable for them. 

That I may be impow'd by the several Provinces that furnish 
Troops to allow the Men Six pence Stirling a day when they 
work at any kind of Fortification 

As The enemy beyond all doubt have had full, and ample 
accounts of the intended expedition to Crown Point, it is neces- 
sary that all the men which were at first intended by the Colonies 
for that Service, should go there, and that there be a large addi- 
tion to the demand given in of war like stores, and Eight hundred 
Barrells of powder will be as little as can be sent with shott in 
proportion. 

I find by one part of your instructions you expect I should 
march to Crown point as soon as a number of men get to Albany, 
I must beg leave to say I think it of much more consequence to 
order a Sufficient Number to go before to make the roads passable 
& then march with the rest & every thing necessary for that serv- 
ice, and not depend upon their being sent after me. 

To avoid disputes with the several governments concern'd in 
this affair I cannot help thinking that my instructions should be 
drawn out and laid before the several governors for their 
concurance. 

P. S. to Gov r Shirley 

I viewed the Cannon & field Pieces designed for me [as soon 



504 Sir William Johnson Papers 

as I got to Albany] & find everry thing belonging to them rotten, 
& unfit for Service & as it will take up Some time to have New 
Carriages made also travelling Carriages &ca Workmen Should 
be instantly employed to make them and the Battoes for the 
Artillery, Ordnance Stores & ca . Upon this head I wrote also 
to M r Delancey 

There are a few shells for the Mortar at Albany but they are 
broke & good for nothing, therefore others should be provided. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : May 1 6 th . 1 755 

Memorandums 
to Send to the different 
Govr 18 . concerned in 
the intended Expedition 

TO WILLIAM SHIRLEY 

Df. S. 1 
Mount Johnson, 16 May, 1755. 

SIR 

Your favour of the 7. Inst came last night to my hand. 

The Indian officers will doubtless & with reason request more 
pay than those of the Provincial Troops: The Service will be 
severe & much more fatiguing & by the wear & tear of their 
Cloaths be more expesive to them. 

In the last Expedition their pay was equal to that of the 
British Foot, & as I propose to employ the same Persons again, 
they will [undoubtedly 2 } naturaly & reasonably insist upon their 
former Pay. 

I am fully satisfied that meer verbal Assurances for their Pay 
will not [suffice] be sufficient, that they will demand a more solid 
Satisfaction & this ought to have been already done that they 
might expect to be put upon a certain footing with regard thereto. 



1 Body of letter in handwriting of P. Wraxall. 

2 Words in italics and within brackets are erased in the manuscript. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 505 

It is impossible for me with any tollerable exactness to make 
an Estimate of the Expences w cl1 may arise from my Attempts to 
engage & maintain the Six Nations & their Allies in the British 
Interest. 

The progress of the French among them hath run such lengths 
& thrown such unfavorable Dispositions into them towards us, 
w ch together with the weakness of the public Influence of this 
Colony [toward] upon them, will render my Task not only very 
[Arduous] Difficult but even [hazardous] precarious, hence to 
bring them back to their former Attachments, to counter work 
the many Artifices & expensive Bribery of the French & to fix 
upon them a hearty Zeal towards us, [mus/] does not only [be 
attended with] call for my utmost Diligence, require the whole 
Force of my Influence & Abilities, but unvoidably [be attended 
require] demand a considerable Sum of money. The 800 
lodged by General Braddock in my hands was appropriated & 
must be made use of for Presents when they meet here & at 
Oswego in order for my laying the Foundation of all our future 
Success with them. If by that meeting I should happily engage 
them so far in the Interest of the British Colonies as to overset the 
Measures & disappoint the Expectations of the French You 
well know Sir that they will imediately throw themselves & their 
Families upon me for their maintenance for all their necessary 
wants & expect to be indulged with constant little Presents, this 
from the Nature of Indians cannot be avoided & must be complied 
with. To defray these Expences Funds [musf] should be fixt 
[upon?] & the several Colonies who have engaged themselves in 
this important Affair, [mus/] Authorise me to draw upon them 
in such proportion as they may settle among themselves. I am 
convinced the Gov 1 . at home & I persuade myself our Colonies 
here do not, cannot with any shadow of reason suppose I am 
either able or willing to advance [money] the expences on this 
Occasion out of my own private Fortune. For me therefore to 
wait the future discussions of Colony proportions, to risque my 
Fortune upon [the] a repayment from the respective Assemblies, 



506 Sir William Johnson Papers 

is a dependance w ch neither my Judgment nor my Experience will 
suffer me to trust to. 

Your Excellencys Assurances in behalf of y r . Assembly have 
all the weight with me w^ 1 you or they can reasonably expect, & 
I would by no means be thought to doubt either y r sincerity or 
their [Honor] public spirit on this point, but you & they Sir must 
be sensible that a proportion unascertained & a Fund yet to be 
established, may be a future Embarrasment not only to me but to 
themselves. 

I am Sir under a necessity in this affair to be thus explicit 
& I must beg the favour of your Excellency with all possible 
Expedition to give me [a satisfactory suitable] some possitive 
Answer in behalf of your [Gen/] Colony, [on these very neces- 
sary points] I shall forthwith write to the same purpose to the 
Gov'rs of the other Colonies concerned. 

I shall draw if that method be [fixt upon] prescribed me, on 
the respective Colonies in the proportion they agree upon amongst 
themselves, & render the most exact Ace*, how the monies are 
Issued w h the nature of the Service will admit of, be as frugal as 
[as good Prudence will permit] I prudently can, & be [reaJp] 
willing to Attest the Truth & uprightness of my Accounts. 

As to the 2000 w h M r . Delancey told you Gen 1 . Braddock 
had put into my hands, or rather w h is the Case had given me 
orders to draw for on M r . O. deLancey, 800 or upwards out of 
that Sum is already laid out in a present for the 6 Nations when 
they meet me here, & from the remainder I am now daily expend- 
ing in previous measures & shall continue to make use of it as 
Occasion may [require] call for, but this Sum will fall very short 
of the Services agreed upon & required, & a further Provision 
from the Colonies will be absolutely necessary & that put upon a 
Detirminate footing [rvith the P] as soon as possible. 

Herewith agreable to your Excellencys desire I send you a 
Copy of General Braddocks powers to me in relation to drawing 
on [/'/n] you. 

I have already had a conference with the Two Mohowk 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 507 

Castles 1 & talked privately with their Sachems. They discover 
good Inclinations & I am in hopes that they will not only come 
into our Views themselves but be the means of Influencing others. 
I am now sending out Invitations to the other Nations to meet me 
here as soon as possible & I hope I shall see them here in about 3 
weeks. 

Tho I did send a Message on my return hither thro the Six 
Nations to apprise them of the March'g of the Troops to the 
reinforcement of Oswego, yet I find it will be quite necessary to 
send forward an Interp r . with a Speech & a Belt to them on this 
Occasion, as I [find by] learn from some Trusty Ind $ whom I 
can depend upon, that notwithstands. the Message I have already 
sent, [that] the French Emissaries will blow such Poison into 
their Ears upon the Marchs of these Troops, as may [otherwise 
be] if not removed of ill Consequence. 

I am extreamly obliged to Y r Excel!? for Y r assurances of 
giving me Y r Friendly Influence & support in the Command you 
have honoured me with, and my dependance hereon has been & 
will be one of my chief [Supports] Resources & animates me 
with hopes & Alacrity in an Undertaking for w ch I confess & 
feel my self not so equal as I could wish [myself] to be. Upon 
this head I must beg leave to mention to you as my Friend that 
hitherto the Colonies have made no Provision to support me in 
that distinguishing Character to w ch y r . Favour & Friendship have 
been pleased to promote me. As I assure you I neither seek nor 
desire any Emolument to my private Fortune thereby, so I hope 
you & they will judge it unreasonable for me to be left without 
a necessary & proper Establishment. 

I am with the utmost respect & with unfeigned Gratitude, Sir, 
Your Excellencys 

Most Obed*. & obliged hum serv* 

W JOHNSON 



*At Fort Hunter, Montgomery county, and Indian Castle, Herkimer 
county. 



508 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Upon Second thought it appears to me that it will be more 
proper & effectual for Y' r . Excell? to acquaint the several Gov r 
with such of this Letter as you will think necessary [and so add 
pour Sentiments in order to render them effectual] & therefore I 
shall decline writing to them except to M r DeLancy. 



EXAMINATION OF JEAN SILVESTRE AND WIFE 1 

Mount Johnson 16 May 1755 

Mons r . Silvester & his Wife arrived at Maj r . General John- 
sons this Evening in a Battoe from Oswego & bro*. the Gen 1 , a 
Letter from M r . Stoddard acquainting him that Fire & various 
Misfortunes had bro*. the s d . Silvester from Canada & that he 
was come to put himself under the protection of the English. 

He was examined by the Gen 1 , in the presence of Cap*. Broad- 
street who interpreted & of Peter Wraxall Esq r . Secretary for 
Indian Affairs & c . 

That he was born in Nantes, has lived ab*. 9 years in Montreal 
& left it the 26 of last Month. 

That he came away in a Canoe with some Cagnawaga Indians 
whom he hired to bring him his Wife & Effects off. That 7 
days before his Departure 900 Men set off in 3 divisions for the 
Ohio under the Command of Cap*. Bojeau 1 00 of w ch are regular 
Troops. That in the Month of Feb r y. last 50 Artillery Men 
went for the Ohio by Land. 

Q. If they had received any late Accounts from Europe or 
any Ships arrived from thence? 

A. That they had not nor any Reports of Hostilities with 
the English & that excepting the disputes upon the Ohio they are 
all there in a profound Tranquility. 

Q. If they had heard of the Arrival of Gen 1 . Braddock & the 
Troops from England? 



1 Copy sent to Governor De Lancey; in handwriting of P. Wraxall. 
See Johnson to Braddock, May 17, 1 755. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 17 55-1 7 56 509 

A. That he had heard of no such Account. That upon a 
Report from the Indians that the English had some Designs 
upon Crown Point, they had last October sent 300. regular 
Troops to reinforce that Garrison w ch . still remain there. 

Q. If the said Fort was to be attacked by the English what 
Force the French would send to its relief? 

A. That besides the above reinforcement they could in 6 
weeks time bring there 1 000 Men & 400 Indians. 

Q. What Cannon they have mounted there? 

A. In all 38 pieces of 4. 6. & 12 H 

Q. If the Fort is generally well supplied with Ammunition & 
Provisions ? 

A. That he cannot positively say, but that the Kings Stores 
at Montreal are always well supplied with both & may be trans- 
ported from thence with a favourable Wind in 48 hours with a 
Schooner of 60 Tons w ch . they keep on the Lake for that purpose. 

Q. If a new Gov r . is expected this Summer? 

A. Yes., Mons r . Cavigniol x a Canadian who was formerly a 
Gov r . at the Missipi. 

He says the Royal Establishment of Troops is generally 
& that at present they do not exceed 2000 that these are dis- 
persed thro the several Garrisons from Quebec to the Ohio. 
That they neither have heard nor dont seem to be apprehensive 
of any Designs of the English, but only those Disputes w ch . sub- 
sist ab*. the Ohio. 

* N. B. There are French Indians every day almost, trading at 
Albany & upon the arrival of Cap* Broadstreet 5 & the other Com- 
pany their marching thence for Schenectady, one Tom Wild- 
man an Indian imediately set out for Crown Point & when he 
was got about 6 or 7 miles from the Town got a Horse & was 
seen galloping away towards Canada with the utmost Alertness. 

Excuse Haste, being surrounded by Indians &ca. 2 



^audreuil-Cavagnal, Pierre Frangois de Rigaud, marquis. 
2 This sentence is written by Johnson. 



510 Sir William Johnson Papers 

V"A 

The following particulars I have sent to Gov r . Shirley and I 
beg leave to recommend them to your Honour's Consideration & 
Interposition. 

1 . That as fast as the Companys are compleated they may be 
sent to Albany to receive further orders. 

2. That the Commissary or Commissarys of the Musters in 
each Province be ordered not to pass any Man unfit for Service. 

3. That all the Provisions & Warlike Stores be sent with the 
utmost Dispatch to Albany & that Commissarys be appointed to 
provide proper plans to receive them. 

4. That a proper Person be imediately appointed to receive 
& take care of the Battoes with the necessary Setting Poles & 
Paddles & to be accountable for them. 

5. That I may be empowered by the several Provinces that 
furnish Troops, to allow the Men 6d Sterling ^ day, when they 
work at any kind of fortifications. 

6. That as the Enemy beyond all doubt have by this time had 
full & ample Accounts of the intended Expedition to Crown 
Point it is necessary that the full number of Forces w* 11 were at 
first intended & agreed upon, should go there, and that there be 
a large Addition to the demand given in of Warlike Stores, 800 
Barrells of Powder will be as little as can be sent, with Shot in 
proportion. 

7. I have viewed the Cannon & Field pieces designed for my 
Command, & I find every thing belonging to them rotten, & unfit 
for Service, & as it will take up some time to have new Carriages 
made also travelling Carriages & c . Workmen should be instantly 
employed to make them, also the Battoes for the Artillery Stores 
& c . There are a few shells here for the Mortar but they are 
broke & good for nothing, therefore others should be provided. 
INDORSED: 16 May 1755 

Exam of Sylvestre & Copy 
particulars sent to Gov Shirley. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 511 

ANOTHER COPY OF EXAMINATION 

Another copy of this examination, written by Wraxall, contains in 
addition to the foregoing matter the following questions and answers: 

Q. What were his motives for Leaving Canada. 

A. That having sustained considerable Losses last Summer 
by the fire at Montreal, he was reduced to the necessity of apply- 
ing to the Gov r . for one Canoe to go up to Missillimack to trade 
with the Indians, who told that his Canoe & effects must go to 
the Ohio in order to draw the Indians that way, upon w ch . he 
replied that what little he had left he did not care to risque it 
in a Country then in dispute between the two Crowns, the Gov r 
then answered he had no Licenses to give, hereupon he fixt his 
Resolution to turn what Effects he had into Money & Pelterye 
& withdraw from the Country with his Wife as soon as he could 
find an Opportunity & in consequence thereoff engaged the above 
Ind 8 . to bring him off. 

Q. If he knows whether the French have lately made any new 
works in or about Crown Point 

A. None. 

That about 350 yards from the Fort there is a rising piece of 
Ground much higher than y e Fort. 

Q. At what part of the Fort they are most apprehensive of 
being attacked 

A. From the aforesaid rising Ground, that the River opposite 
the Fort is very rapid & shallow & their Vessell can go no further. 
That the part of the Fort opposite to the rising Ground is built 
upon a loose Sandy Soil whence they were under a necessity to 
dig their Ditch 10 Foot from the Wall & is ab l . 15 foot deep 
& ab*. 20 wide. [ a ] in attack the Indians 

would not [ ] but anoy the Beseigers in their 

Rear 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : Sent to y c . Genr ls . May 1 8 th . 1 755 
1 One or two lines missing. 



512 Sir William Johnson Papers 



TO EDWARD BRADDOCK 
D/. 1 

ML Johnson I7 ih May, 1755 
SIR 

I came home but this day Sennight & shall now give your 
Excellency the most early & full Intelligence in my power. 

1 have had a meeting with the Mohock Nation of both Castles, 
what passed at this Conference I send you herewith. By the 
private Conversation I had with some of their most leading 
Sachems to whom I opened in a general way the Measures pro- 
posed I found they seemed pleased with them, & told me that 
if the other Nations would join they did not doubt but theirs 
would readily concur. 

Yesterday I dispatched an Interpreter to join the Provincial 
One who is amongst the upper Nations distributing some Indian 
Corn w ch was sent them at their earnest request by this Province. 
He carries a Belt of Wampum from me to invite the said Nations 
&. their Friends to a Conferance here & to receive the Present 
from His Majesty. [/ have put the Interpreters on their Guard 
against any ill impressions iv ch . the French Emissaries amongst 
them may have or will suggest to prevent their coming down. 2 ] 
I hope to see them down here in about three Weeks when I 
shall govern myself by y r . Excellencys Instructions & deliver 
y r . Speech to them. 

Imediately upon my coming home I dispatched a String of 
Wampum thro the Six Nations to apprize them that a Reinforce- 
ment was marching to Oswego, but as there are three compleat 
Companys 3 now on their March thither, some of the Mohock 
Sachems advised me to send a Belt of Wampum with a special 
Messenger to prevent their being alarmed at so unusual a Number 

*In handwriting of P. Wraxall. 

2 Erased in original manuscript. 

8 Two companies of Sir William Pepperrell's regiment and an inde- 
pendent company of New York, Doc. Rel to Col Hist. N. Y.. 6:956. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 513 

of Soldiers marching thro their Country, besides as I doubt not 
the French will endeavour to blow up a Jealousy amongst them 
upon this Occasion & therefore to prevent any ill consequences 
I have with my Belt of Invitation sent another upon this Occa- 
sion with proper Instructions to the Interpreter thereupon. 

I take the Liberty to send Your Excellency herewith some 
Extracts from my Answer to a letter I reed from Gov r . 
Shir the 15 Inst as y. will thereby see I have warmly 
pressed some fixt Provision from the Colonies for Indian affairs, 
& they also contain some of my Sentiments in relation to money 
matters when subject to the Alterations of Provincial Proportions 
w * 1 I thought it my Duty to make known to y r Ex. I have wrote 
Gov r . DeLancey to the same purpose & desired M r Shirley to 
communicate what I have wrote him on this Subject to the Gov 18 . 
of Connecticut Rhode Island & New Hampshire. 

Yesterday I received a Second Letter from M r . Shirley in w * 1 
he writes me, that the several Gov rs . are to call upon their Assem- 
blys to refund to the Crown the 2000 advanced by y r Excell?. 
& that he is satisfied no other Fund will be provided by the 
Colonies for Indian affairs, that he will be ready to answer 
my Drafts for what you have empowered me to draw on him. 

Matters standing thus & as I find the Colonies will make no 
provision for In n . affairs I beg leave to assure Your Excellency 
that with regard to all the Indian Expences I shall act with the 
utmost Frugality, avoid every unnecessary Expence, keep as 
exact Ace 13 , as so diffusive a Service will permit & render an 
Ace*, of the whole with that Integrity w ch the Trust reposed in 
me deserves. 

If the Six Nations should be bro 1 . to Action in Conjunction 
with us they will expect not only a Provision for such as go but 
an Allowance to support all their Aged Men their Women & 
Children whom they leave behind this must be promised & ful- 
filled to them & from the Moment they do engage themselves 
they will throw the Charge of their Support upon us their 
Bretheren who have called them to their Assistance. They are 

13 



514 Sir William Johnson Papers 

a begging & insatiable set of People & expect to be denied nothing 
they ask for, & tho a proper Moderation must be used towards 
them in these Matters, yet a delicate Conduct is necessary till 
they have heartily entered into Hostilities against the French. 
They are fully possessed of their own Consequence & the eager- 
ness of the French to debauch them from us is such as they would 
stick at no Expence to compass & this the Indians well know & 
often repeat. 

Hence you will perceive Sir, that to produce the desired & 
intended Effects with regard to these Indians a considerable Sume 
of Money will be necessary. If they should be bro* actually to 
engage themselves with us against the Common Enemy & the 
Colonies fulfill their Engagements with Dispatch & Spirit, I am 
in hopes the great Work in hand will be speedily & successfully 
finished. Whether the Six Nations can by any Measures be bro*. 
into Hostilities against the French, is in my Opinion very doubt- 
ful. But I think & hope that they may be kept within a strict 
Neutrality with proper Managm*. & sufficient Funds. Which- 
ever of these may be the Case it shall be my part & I fear not 
succeeding in it, to oblige them to require all their numerous Allies 
& Dependants to follow their Example or be declared their 
Enemies. This at all Events will cut off the chief Resource upon 
w^ 1 . the French depend for supporting their Encroachments & 
warding off the impending chastisement for their insulting 
Cruelties & Treachery towards his Majesties Subjects in these 
parts. 

but Sir I cannot avoid expressing to you my Uneasy Appre- 
hensions that the Colonies who have engaged themselves to for- 
ward & support the Attack w * 1 1 am honoured with the Command 
of will not act with that Vigorous & generous Spirit so very 
necessary towards its Success in particular & that of the Common 
Cause in general I am truly sensible of my own Inability to be 
at the head of this undertaking, & I am afraid I shall have but 
few with me to assist & strengthen my Incapacity. None that 
can be called an Engineer, their Artillery in bad order & no 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 515 

Carriages yet provided, their Shells not fit for Service, No Man 
of Military Experience that I hear of amongst them. The 500 
Men from Jersey under Co 1 . Schuyler are I understand to go to 
Niagara, not a Company yet marching this way that I hear of, 
no List of officers appointed yet sent me nor have I any Account 
of what progress they are making. 

^\ assure Your Excellency I have an unfeigned Zeal to serve 
my Country, but I dread those Delays & those Provincial Dis- 
putes about Quotas w ch I know to be so fatal to all Military 
Undertakings & when the general Interest is too liable to be 
broke in upon by an ill judged parsimonious & partial Spirit^- 

Tho I disclaim & detest the least View to the Emolument of 
my own Private Fortune by this Command, yet I believe your 
Excellency whom I look upon to be one of the most disinterested 
of Men will think Some Establishment ought to be fixt upon by 
the Colonies for supporting my Expences on this Occasion & yet 
it hath not been even mentioned to me nor do I know of any such 
Provision Either to me. 

I hope your Excellency will pardon my taking up so much of 
your time, but as the Oppertunities of writing to you will be 
seldom & the Matters I have touched upon appear to me of an 
Importance worthy of some Attention, & are connected with y r 
Ex s . Success, I have taken the Liberty to deliver my Sentiments 
to you with an unconstrained Freedom as I have a very high 
Opinion of your Merits & a real Veneration for y r Character. 

Herewith I send your Excellency a piece of Intelligence given 
me by some Onondaga Indians who lately came from Canada. 
Also Extract of a Letter from M r . Butler now trading at 
Oswego, 1 and the Examination of Mons r Silvestre 2 who with his 
Wife fled from Canada last April & is come to put himself under 
the Protection of the English Gov*. While I was at New York 
I communicated to Gov r DeLancey a Letter I rec d from Oswego 
w ch he told me he sent y r . Excell? a Copy of. 



1 See Thomas Butler to Johnson, May 14, 1755. 

2 See Examination of Jean Silvestre, May 1 6, 1 755, 



516 Sir William Johnson Papers 

I send this Dispatch by M r Butler 1 whom I have appointed 
a Lieu*, over the Indians, these are Young Indian Warriors of 
the Mohawk Nation who go with him to pay their Duty to y r . 
Excellency & to be his Guide & safeguard. I beg leave to recom- 
mend them to y r hon rs . particular Notice as they are trusty to 
the British Interest & the Mohawk Nation at the head of the 
Confederacy. The Sachems desired me write to y r Excellency 
not to press these Young Men to stay for that till all the 6 
Nations had met it would raise a Jealousy in the others who 
would be displeased the Mohocks should consent to such a step 
without the general Concurrance. 

The Mohocks have already intimated to me that if the 
Nations should join in the measures proposed they will 
expect to be under my imediate Care & Direction, how- 
ever I hope to influence some of them & their Allies to 
^ adjoin & accompany y r Excellency. 

Four days ago I dispatched some Indian Spies to 
Cadaraqui, When they return I shall transmit to y r . 
Excellency their Intelligence ; tomorrow I shall send some 
others with some white Men to Crown Point. 

1 8 most Sincerely & fervently wish y r . Excellency everry thing 
that is Wishworthy, and am w th . the Utmost respect, S r . 

Y r . Excellcy 8 . Most obliged & Most Humble Serv 1 
GENERAL BRADDOCK 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : May the 1 7 th . 1 755 

Coppy of my letter 
to Gener 1 . Braddock 
^ Lieu*. J n . Butler & 
Some Indians. 



Butler. 

2 Refers to inclosed letter of the 1 6th to Shirley. 

3 End of letter in handwriting of Johnson. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 517 

MEMORANDUM 
Inclosed in Johnson to General Braddock, May 17, 1 755. 

Quebec 300 hommes 

Trois riviere 120 

Montreal 400 

Lagalette 40 

S< Jean 50 

La Pointe 300 

Cataraqueis 1 00 

Niagara 300 

Labelle riviere 300 

Torontan 50 

Le Detroit 140 

MichemaKina 1 50 



2150 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : 

An Ace" of the Regular Troops In Canada given me by M r . 
Jean Silvestre May 1 7 th . 1 755. 
Sent to Gen rl . Braddock 
May 18th, 1755 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. 

Monday 19 May 1755 

SIR 

In my last I acquainted you that the Assembly were to meet 
the 27 th . and with the Substance of what Gov r . Shirley had 
desired our Gov r . to recommend to the Assembly on the day & 
just before they broke up viz. to enable you to engage Indians 
build necessary Forts on your March for receiving Stores, Men, 
Sick & Wounded and to build a Vessell on the Lake Cham- 
plain. And just hinted if you wrote to the General to put him 



Michilimackinac. 



518 Sir William Johnson Papers 

again in mind of the Lieut*, he was to send you. All w ch . I've 
briefly mentioned, least my Letter should miscarry; it was 
accompanied with the Acts & News Papers. 

On Saturday M r . Oliver DeLancey arrived from Conn*, 
where he was only able to get leave for raising 300 Men. 1 They 
insist too on appointing a Major, which the Governor consents to. 
M r . Shirley as Oliver says, did what he could to prevent our get- 
ting any Men, and so far succeeded, as to prevent our obtaining 
the whole 5 Comp s . the two remaining Warrants, were granted to 
Isaac Cursen, of W*. Chester County and one Owen of Brook- 
haven in Suffolk County: You'l not omit acquainting the 
Governor how the Levies go on, & with whatever you think 
necessary to forward the Service: As he is pretty busy & likely 
to continue so, he has directed me to let you know every thing 
that passes that I think material. The Conn*. Assembly insist 
on appointing the 2 d officer, but were not as I understand able 
to settle that Point with M r . Shirley before he left them Our 
Gov r . thinks it is their Right, and as we raise the next greatest 
Number, that he should nominate the third officer. As the 
Massachusets have already appointed the Comm dr . in chief. 
Our Batoes will be all finish'd this or the beginning of next Week 
I hear there's a Gentleman from Rhode Island here, to build 
for that Government. Conn*, are building theirs of diff*. Sizes 
that they may put them in Nests & send 'em in their Provision 
Vessells, their longest is 22 foot long, but are wider than ours. 
Oliver says they have an Engineer in Conn*, who is to go on the 
Service. 

I hardly think you have allowed Cannon enough in the Esti- 
mate, nor indeed Powder enough. If you succeed are the Canon 
you propose to carry suff*. to defend the Place, as you may be 
Sure they'l deprive you of theirs, either by Capitulation, or ren- 
dring 'em unservicable. Again if you are to build Forts or 
Storehouses in your way, must you not have Cannon of a small 



1 Connecticut furnished three of the eight companies which made up 
the New York regiment. 



Preliminary Campaigns, J 7 55-17 56 519 

Bore to leave in them; and will it not be much easier & save a 
great deal of Expence to carry with you now all you may prob- 
ably want? If you find them retard your March, those can be 
left which you think least necessary. I take the Liberty to give 
these Hints, that if you think proper you may apply to the Gov- 
ernor for some small Cannon, of which there are enough here in 
our Blockhouses useless, and if we should be attacked there are 
enough in the hands of private Persons. I took occasion to 
mention one day at the Gov" when Col. Roberts was there, that 
I thought you'l not have Cannon enough, I mean 18 pdrs. and 
ask'd the Col : how many were intended for that Attack when he 
commanded at Albany, he said, besides the six now there they 
were to have had 8 more of the same Size, & seem'd to wonder 
no more than six were destin'd now for that use. The Governor 
said, six were enough, & more would only retard your March. 
It may be so, but I am sure it is better to go well provided with 
an Article so essential, than to want them when there. We have 
two Brass 1 8 H rs . one ab*. half the weight of the Iron, & the other 
about 2/3 the light one M r . Shirley wants, but the Council in an 
Opinion they gave said they thought 'em too heavy for him. 
However M r . W. Alexander 1 says now he must have them both, 
& the other two brass 12 pdrs. w ch . are heavy, and has wrote to 
M r . Shirley to send some 24 tt in lieu of them. I told you before 
the Council had agreed to his having the 4 light brass 1 2 fl You 
see how well Gov r . Shirley wants to be provided, as he applyed 
for all the 7. If you think those 2 brass 18 H necessary and 
will apply for 'em, I believe the Gov r . will spare them for that, 
rather than the other Service. 

We dont know yet whether M r . Dinwiddie will spare us 
Arms. However if you wait for any thing it will be the Train 
I judge. Think to order an Ace 1 , to be taken of the Ball & 
Cannon utensils there, that you may know what is wanted. Will 
not the proper Carriages for the Cannon be too long delayed. 



1 WilIiam Alexander, secretary to Governor Shirley; later known as 
Lord Stirling, a major general of the Continental army. 



520 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Both small and great Cannon should in my humble opinion be 
carried on such Carriages as we saw at Alexandria, which con- 
sist of two parts, one is the Common Trail or Gun Carriage, at 
the End of w ch . there is another fix'd with 2 wheels, with a shaft 
before it, so that together it is a 4 wheeld Carriage, The great 
Convenience of carrying them this way, is, that by taking off the 
hinder Carriages, the Guns are fit for use immediately, being 
then mounted on their proper Carriages. 

If you knew who were your Engineers, they should be 
employed as soon as possible in adding to your list what you have 
omitted, which are many things I dare say tho trifles, and in 
getting every thing together as soon as possible. The Compo- 
sition for Fuzes and Grenadoes is not mentioned I think ; nor the 
Gunners, nor Bombardiers Instruments I mean such as they use 
in pointing Cannon and Mortars by, which no doubt they will 
think of. The Fuzes for the Bombs shod be prepared 
before used, some time. In short I wish you had all the proper 
officers under you, to get every thing in readiness. Pray send 
me a Copy of your Commission from the General, and of that 
from M r . Shirley, if you've no Objection to it. As far as I can 
judge, all the Gov rs . will give you such a Commission, and agree 
in the Instructions you have from M r . Shirley or in such other 
Form as may be approved of. Our Gov r . has M r . Shirley's 
Instructions sent him; but not your Commission. He is deter- 
mined to give you a Commission, he has no objection to your 
Instructions but that instead of following such other Instructions 
as you may receive from M r . Shirley, which M r . DeLancey says 
is putting the intire Direction of all the Troops under him, It 
must be to act (in such Matters as your Instructions are silent in) 
by advice of a Council of War. There will I apprehend be no 
difficulty relating to this affair. I cant tell when any Sloop will 
go, if I think of anything further before the next Vessell sails, 
I shall write again. You see by the Papers the Boston Stores 
are arrived, and that they have taken a Storeship from Louis- 
burgh to S 1 . John's, this is a lucky Accident and will make the 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 521 

New Englandmen go on with greater Confidence of Success. If 
I can in any thing be of Service to the Cause, point it out, I beg 
you, and you may depend that nothing in my Power shall be 
wanting. I have the success of it much at heart not only from 
publick Motives but that I wish well to every thing in which you 
are deeply concerned. The Eyes of all will be upon you and 
they ground their Expectations of Success much upon you as the 
Commanding officer, not only from your personal Activity and 
Spirit &c. but from the assistance they rely on your being able 
to obtain from our Indians as to which I hope to hear from you 
soon. I am S r . 

Your m*. obed* hble Servant 

Gw BANYAR 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : May 19 th . 1755 

Letter from M r . Banyar 



TO ROBERT ORME 
Df. S. 1 

A/ 1 . Johnson Map I9 ih 1755 
DEAR SIR 

I should not only think myself ungrateful, but I should mortify 
my own Inclinations, If I were to neglect this Oppertunity of 
assuring you that your cordial politeness to me at Alexandria 
hath fixed on me a sincere Esteem for you & a warm Desire of 
manifesting it on everry Occasion in my power. 

You will see I have wrote the General a long Letter & sent 
him a large Packet tis not my Disposition to prolixity that led 
me to offer him so much Interuption when he hath probably but 
little time to spare. The Subjects appeared to me of an Import- 
ance worthy his Attention & nearly connected with his Success. 

In money matters I know the Assemblys on this Cont*. & 
particularly ones to the Northward, are not generously disposed 



1 In handwriting of P. Wraxall. 



522 Sir IVilliam Johnson Papers 

& that when the Subjects are not to be conducted by or terminate 
in the private advantage of some of their own Body or Depend- 
ants they are at best prone to such a backwardness & distrust, as 
often not only retards but Disappoints the public Service. If 
they should refund the 2000, my dependence must be on the 
Crown for future Funds, it will be necessary therefore in my 
humble Opinion to prepare the administration at home for it, 
that they may take such Measures to support me hereafter in 
my Managment of Indian affairs as may enable me to retain 
their Attachment, & apply it to extend & Secure the British 
Interest in America. You will see by my Speech to the Mohocks, 
& I shall repeat it to the Confederate Nations when they meet 
me in a Body, that I tell them I am planted as their Shelter 
by so powerful a hand that my Roots are fixed firm & deep & c . 
Now should I hereafter want a certain Fund to support my 
Managment or by a precarious fettered Dependence upon 
American Assemblys be obliged to stop or relinquish for want 
of Money, it will be Attended with very fatal Consequences & 
give a mortal Wound to all my Influence amongst them, for what 
I tell them they will depend upon & never forgive their being 
deceived. 

My whole time is now, & will be in the Course of my Manag- 
ment devoted to this Service & I have sacrificed all other Business 
to it. Prudence obliges me therefore to expect that some Equiva- 
lent Appointment be made me for it, herein I confide in the 
Justice of the Crown & I hope the General will not forget to put 
the Administration in mind of it. 

1 What relates to the Expedition I am to Command you will see 
my Intimations to the General. I will only add, that I dread 
Confusion, want of Money, & that my hands will be too piuch 
tied up. Provincial Quotas will I foresee occasion an argu- 
mentative War, and I dread will retard if not destroy our Suc- 
cess. Gov r . Shirleys Attack is happily not upon Provincial 
Funds, & I hope therefore it will be carried on with Vigor & 
Success. Certain I am of Opinion that General Braddocks 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 523 

Glory & very probably the safety of his Forces will very much 
depend upon these Diversions being carried on with Spirit & 
Dispatch ; Certain I am that if the Indians should find We Bully, 
& threaten without Executing our Just Vengeance upon the 
French, & make good that Superiority we Boast, & w ch I shall 
I hope bring them to believe & expect, We shall not have an 
Indian upon the Continent left in our Interest, I hope & wish the 
General will therefore Animate the Colonies by His Authority 
& by his advice & guard them against those Evils I have men- 
tioned, & such others, as may Occur to him.^ 

I have secured some little Curiosities for you & I shall look out 
for more. May your Health be perfectly established, & may 
every Species of Felicity attend you I am with unfeigned 
Esteem, My Dear Sir, 

Yrs. &ca 

w.j. 

Mount Johnson 19 May 1755 

Please to present my Compliments to Cap 1 . Morris 1 & M r . 
Shirley. 2 My time would not permit me the pleasure of 
writing them. M r . Wraxall will be necessary to me; I 
suppose the General will give me Liberty to keep him. 

CAPT N . ORME, Aid Du Camp 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: May the 19 th . 1755 

Coppy of a letter to 
Capt n . Orme 
ty Lieu*. J n . Butler 



1 Captain Roger Morris, aide to General Braddock. 

2 William Shirley, son of the general, was Braddock' s secretary. He 
was killed in the battle of Monongahela. 



524 Sir William Johnson Papers i; 

(lj 

TO GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. Df. S. 

M l . Johnson May 20 lh . 1755 
DEAR SIR 

Since my arrival here, no Man liveing has had so much trouble, 
& Hurry, which alone must plead my excuse for not writeing 
you Sooner. I can now only tell you that I have had a Meeting 
of Both Mohawk Castles at my House, at which they Signified 
the greatest Satisfaction on my being appointed Sole Manager, 
and Director of their affairs. In private conversation w tl \ some 
of their Cheifs to Whom I opened in a general Way the Meas- 
ures proposed, I found that they Seem'd not altogether averse to 
them but gave me reason to think that if the other Nations would 
Join, theirs would readily concur, be that as it will, I doubt not 
of their Joining me wherever I go. but they have declared they 
would be under my Care, & protection only. I have Sent two 
Interpreters to call the Six Nations down to a meeting at my 
House, w h . I expect will be in about three Weeks time, unless 
they are poisoned now by the French, who will make a Handle 
of this Reinforcement Sent to Oswego. I was obliged to Send 
a Second belt of Wampum by Clement to Ondaga, to 
Settle the Indians, & prevent any disputes between them, & the 
Companys going up upon an intimation from Some of their 
leading Men that there was a great murmuring amongst them, on 
seeing such an unusual Number of armed Men marching through 
their Country. I have sent another Interpreter to Call all the 
Indians liveing along y e . Susquahanah to y e . general Meeting, 
two days ago I dispatched Lieu 1 . John Butler with a party of 
Indians to the General w th . a large Packet, with my Sentiments 
on the present Scituation of affairs, as well as with all the Intelli- 
gence I have rec d . since I came home, which I Judged Material 
for him to know, and indeed nearly connected with his Success. 
I have Sent a Couple of Indian Spys to Cadaraghqui Fort a 
Week ago where they Can learn what Forces have passed there 
for Ohio, & ca . & what is now doing there. I have yesterday 



Preliminary Campaigns, 17551756 525 

Sent out 3 Indians and a Couple of White Men with a good Spy 
glass to See w*. they are about at Crown Point, and learn their 
Numbers & ca . not a word Can I hear of the Forces raising or 
to be raised in y e . other Governments, nor of any one thing relate- 
ing to the expedition w h . makes me wish I had never taken the 
Command upon me. for My D r . Sir I dread Confusion, want of 
money, & that my Hands will be too much tyed up. I can 
already foresee that their Provincial Quotas will occasion an 
Argumentative War Which I fear will retard, if not distroy our 
Success, this I am Certain of, that if y e . Indians Should now 
again find we Bully & threaten without executing our Just ven- 
geance upon the French, and make Good that Superiority we 
Boast, & which I hope I shall bring them to believe, We will not 
have one Indian upon the Continent left in our Interest. I had 
letters from M r . Shirley by Express, Some part of my Answer 
have communicated to M r . Delancey w h . I know you have Seen, 
I need not trouble you with. I mentioned to Gov r . Delancey 
that the carriages of the Cannon, & field peices at Albany whare 
designed agt C Pt are all rotten, and useless, no Shells fitt for 
Use, and but few Shott. Those things should all have been 
ready now, had I orders to that purpose. I am quite pestered 
with Indians & others, so hope you will excuse my Stopping Short 
here, only adding that I am with all Sincerity 

Y'. Hearty Welwisher & Humble Serv*. 

W.J. 

My Compliments to M rs . Shuckburgh, Miss Betsey, & all 
Freinds in general I hope you will not forget to Send me the 
reflecting Telliscope, if you cannot get that one of M r . Hain's, 
M r . Oliver Delancey promised me his, w h . in that case please to 
ask him for. 

GoLDsBoRRow BANYAR Esq r 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: May 20 th . 1755 

Coppy of my letter 
to GoldsBorrow 
Banyar Esq r . 



526 Sir William Johnson Papers 






FROM GOLDEN AND KELLY 1 

SR Nev> York May 20* 1755 

Its the Opinion of Several of our Friends that it would turn 
to great Advantage for one to Attend the Forces on the present 
Expedition (which are to be imediately under your Command) 
with Such Stores as in all probability both Officers and Soldiers 
may Stand in need of before the Campaign be Ended; And as 
we have a Trusty Young Lad our Apprentice of 19 years of 
Age, in whom we can Confide and who we Esteem Capable of 
Executing any Trust which may be proper to Repose in him: 
Are desirous of Sending him to follow the Camp with a proper 
Assortment of Goods provided it would be agreable to you and 
that you thought it Advisable & would be pleased to favour us 
by Countenancing and giving him your Protection 

The Confidence we have in your friendship, Emboldens us 
to give you the trouble of this, 'tho we do Supose your time and 
thoughts must be intirely taken up with the Grand affairs of the 
Gov* & hope you will excuse the freedom we take in writting to 
you on this head, & pray you would freely by the first op^ let 
us know your Opinion wether you think it advisable to pursue 
this Scheme or not, that we may Govern ourselves Accordingly 
If you think it Advisable to put it in Practice & worth your 
while we shall be proud to have you concerned one third with 
us, or any particular friend of yours who may go on this intended 
Expedition, and we will transact the whole in Such manner that 
it shall not be known, that you are anyways, interested in it, 
further then what you may think proper, & shall give the young 
man directions Strictly to observe all such orders as you from 
time to time shall give him 

Inclosed is a List of what we think would be a proper Assort- 
ment & desire you would add to it or Strike out just as you may 
think best. If you aprove of what we have mentioned hope you 
will be kind enough not to promise your Protection to any other 



In the handwriting of Alexander Golden. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 527 

person & please to advise wether or no by your favour these 
Stores may not be transported with the Kings Stores Your 
favour herein will be an Addition to those already Received and 
will allways be thankfully acknowledged by S r 

Your Very humble Serv 18 

GOLDEN & KELLY 
ADDRESSED: 

To The Honb le William Johnson Esq 
at Mount Johnson Albany 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : May 20 th . 1 755 

Letter from Golden & Kelly 

MEMORANDUM ' 

G ls New York Rum in Small Gags 
G ls West India D in D 
G ls Jaimaca Spirits in D 
G ls Shrub ... in D 
Doz Claret in Small chest 
Doz Maidera Wine in D 
Doz Vidonia . . in D 
Check Shirts 
Garlick D 
Slop Jackets 
P of Check 
Bolts of Ozenb' 
Handkercheifs 
knives 
Scissars 
Needles 
Thread 
Shoes 
Stockins 
Caps 

Cambricks 
blk Ribbon 



Inclosed in Golden and Kelly to Johnson. 



528 Sir William Johnson Papers 

INSTRUCTIONS TO SIR CHARLES HARDY 1 

D. 

[Whitehall May 20, 7755] 

Copy of the 90 th . 91 s *. 92 d . 93 d . Articles of Instructions given 
to Sir Charles Hardy, Knight, Governor of New York, relative 
to the Five Nations of Indians and their Confederates. 2 

90. You are to incourage the Indians upon all Occasions so 
as to Induce them to Trade with His Majesty's Subjects, rather 
than any others of Europe ; and you are as soon as possible after 
Your Arrival to hold an Interview with the five Nations or Can- 
tons of Indians, Viz. Maquas, Senequas, Cayouges, Oneydes, 
and Onondages and such as shall have joyned themselves in 
League with them, at such time and Place as you shall find most 
Convenient; and upon their renewing their Submission to His 
Majesty's Government, you are to Assure them in His Majesty's 
Name, that His Majesty will protect them as his Subjects against 
the French King and his Subjects; and You are to give the like 
Assurance to the Shacock or River Indians and to such other 
Indians in that Neighbourhood as by their Union and friendship 
with the five Nations aforesaid and in Conjunction shall submit 
themselves in the same Manner to His Majesty's Government. 

91 . And whereas at a meeting or Interview held with the prin- 
cipal Tribes of the five Nations or Cantons of Indians in the 
Year 1726, they did, by a solemn Deed or Instrument ratify, 
Confirm, submit and grant unto His late Majesty, His Heirs and 
Successors for ever, all their Land and Beaver Hunting lying 
and being Sixty Miles distant from the Lakes, beginning from 
a Creek called Canahoga on the Lake Oswego all along the said 
Lake, and all along the Narrow Passage from the said Lake to 



1 Original destroyed in the fire. A manuscript in the New York 
Colonial Manuscripts (81:91) differs from this in capitalization and 
several particulars noted below. 

2 The copy in Colonial Manuscripts has " Articles of His Majesty's 
Instructions," omits " given," lacks the words following New York, and 
has the date, 1 755, 



Preliminary Campaigns, 7755-7756 529 

the Falls of Onigara 1 and all along the River of Onigara 2 and 
the Lake Catarakui to the Creek called Sodoms, belonging to the 
Senekas, and from Sodoms to the Hill call'd Tegerhunkserode 
belonging to the Cayouges, and from Tegerhunkserode to the 
Creek called Cayhunghage belonging to the Onondagas, all the 
said Land being of the Breadth of Sixty English Miles from the 
aforesaid Lakes or Rivers directly into the Country, and thereby 
including all the Castles of the aforesaid Nations, with all the 
Rivers, Creeks and Lakes within the said Limits, to be protected 
and defended by His said Late Majesty, His Heirs and Suc- 
cessors for ever to and for the use of the said Nations; You are 
therefore in His Majesty's Name, to give the most explicit Assur- 
ances to the said Nations or Cantons of Indians of His Royal 
Resolution inviolably to Observe the said Treaty on his Part, and 
to defend and support them in the quiet Possession of their said 
hunting Grounds; And you are not upon any Pretence whatso- 
ever to grant Lands to any Person whatever within the Limits 
described in the said Deed, but to use Your utmost Endeavours 
to prevent any Settlements being made within the same. 

92. And whereas great Complaints have lately been made by 
the five Nations or Cantons of Indians, that Settlements have 
been made upon their Lands by Persons claiming the same under 
Pretended Deeds of Sale or Conveyance from the said Indians 
by means whereof great Prejudice hath arisen to His Majesty's 
Service; in order, therefore, to Obviate the ill Effects which 
would attend a general Discontent of the Indians at this Critical 
Conjuncture, and that nothing may be wanting to convince them 
of the Sincerity of His Majesty's Intentions to Support and pro- 
tect them in their just Rights, It is His Majesty's express Will 
and Pleasure, that you do forthwith make the most strict and 
Impartial Enquiry into the Cause of their Complaints, and that 
You do take the most speedy and Effectual methods, which the 
Law in such Cases will allow, to redress their Grievances, and 



" Oniagara " in the Colonial Manuscripts. 
2 " Oniagra " in the Colonial Manuscripts. 



530 Sir William Johnson Papers 

use Your utmost Endeavours to quiet the uneasiness and Dis- 
content which have of late appeared amongst them. 

93. And whereas purchasing Lands from the Indians, without 
a Licence from His Majesty or from any Person acting under 
his Authority, is inconsistent with his Rights and may indanger 
the Peace and Security of his said Province ; It is, therefore, His 
Majestys' Will and Pleasure, that you do not upon any Pre- 
tence whatsoever make a Grant or Grants to any Person or Per- 
sons of any Lands within the said Province purchased of the 
Indians, without a Licence first had and obtained from you for 
that Purpose; and when any Application shall be made to you, 
for a License to Purchase Lands of the Indians, You shall before 
the issuing of such Licence cause the Land proposed to be pur- 
chased to be carefully and Publickly Survey 'd by a Sworn Sur- 
veyor in the Presence of the Indians claiming a Right to such 
Lands, and in the presence of an Interpreter properly Authorized 
which said Surveyor shall within a reasonable time not exceeding 
three Months make a Return to you of such Survey sign'd or 
otherways attested and certifyed by such Indians, with a Plott 
or Description of the Land and the exact Buttings and Bound- 
ings thereof, the particulars whereof shall be fully inserted in 
the Licence to be by you granted for the Purpose ; And you are 
to take especial Care, that in all Licences to be granted by you 
for the Purchase of Lands from the Indians the Quantity of 
Land to be Purchased by any one Person, either in his or her 
own Name or in the Names of any Person or Persons in trust 
for him or her, do not exceed one thousand Acres ; And you are 
further to take Care, that in Passing Patents for Lands Pur- 
chased of the Indians under a Licence from you as aforesaid, 
You do strictly observe the Regulations prescribed in the fore- 
going Articles of these His Majesty's Instructions to you, rela- 
tive to the form and method of Passing Grants for Land. 

INDORSED: White Hall 1755 

His Majesty's Instructions 
to S r . Charles Hardy Knight 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 531 

TO OLIVER DE LANCEY 
A. Df. 

Mount Johnson May 21 st 1755. 
SIR 

Since my arrival here, have nothing worthy your notice to 
communicate. 

I hope you succeeded in your Commission to Connecticut & 
found every thing Agreable. 

The three Companys have all passed my house Some days ago, 
Capt n . King 1 will I reckon get to Oswego this day, the other two, 
will be there Shortly after him. They passed through the 
Country verry orderly without molesting any Body. 

I am pestered with Numbers of Indians constantly about me, 
and verry expensive. On my arrival here I dispatched a Belt of 
Wampum through the Six Nations to aprize them of the March 
of the Troops to Oswego, desireing they would not be uneasy at 
it, nor offer any Violence either to the Men, or Battoes on their 
Peril finding by some of the Sachims whom I can confide in, that 
the Six Nations Notwithstanding the Message I sent, were a little 
disturbed, I thought best to dispatch one of the Interpreters thither 
with another belt of Wampum insisting on their good Behaviour 
which I hope will settle the whole Affair properly. 

As I find no provision yet Made, or likely to be made by the 
Colonies concerned, for defraying the Charge of engaging a 
Number of Indians judged so essentially necessary, it lays me 
under a Necessity of Calling upon you for the thousand pounds 
Sterling as well as the remainder of the other thousand pound 
yet in your hands and as a great part of it must be given privately 
to Such as have a Sway among them I should be glad you would 
send Me the greatest part (or if to be done) the whole in dollars 
please to send it by Isack Swits, Cornelius Tenbrook or Isack 
Benthuysen agreeing with them for their trouble & their Receipt 
shall be a sufficient discharge for the same, if any thing further 



1 John King, of the New York regiment. 



532 Sir William Johnson Papers 

should appear to You to be necessary please to let me know it, 
and it shall be Complied with. I am Sir with unfeigned Esteem 

Your Most Hum ble . Serv 1 . 
My Compliments to 
Mrs. Delancey & ca . 
OLIVER DELANCEY Esq r . 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : May 2 1 sl . 1 755 

Coppy of a Letter 

to Oliver Delancey Esq r . 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. 

Tuesday 23<* May 1755 
SIR 

Since writing the inclosed; Richards arrived from London, the 
inclosed Letter from D r . Shuckburgh I had from M r . Kennedy, 
who gave me the Paper I send you a copy of: Whether Peace 
or War is not yet certain; but most probable the latter as the 
English are determined it is said not to abate any thing of the 
Terms they have offered & which we hear have been wholly 
refused: This vessell has had but 29 days Passage, tho from 
London the 28 March, on which day I suppose your Letter to 
be dated: they give no Account of any News since, but that 
there was no ship appointed to bring M r . Hardy over, who is 
expected the latter End of June or the Beginning of July. 

I waited this Morning on the Aft?. Gen 1 . 1 with a Warr 1 . to 
prepare the draft of your Patent, which I told him I would pay 
for You having left Money in my Hands for it. If it suits you 
I beg you'd send me an Order on somebody here for it if not I 
shall wait till it is convenient, & in the meantime desire your 
Note mentioning for so much Money advanced for you to the 
. Gen 1 . The Governor is willing to accept your Note for 



1 William Kempe, 1752-59. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 533 

his Fees & will expect it I suppose when he puts the Seal to the 
Patent which will be ready by the time I can receive your answer 
His Fees @ 12:10 ^ 1000 are 300 the Atty. Gen ls . @ 3 
a Name 36 I would advise you if you can to get your Deed of 
Trust executed by the Trustees as soon as you can & before you 
go. Recite that by his Majesty's Letters Patent such a Tract of 
Land was granted to them and then convey to your self the "whole 
Tract without mentioning particularly the 1 2 th . part belonging to 
each, as in the deed I drew which was only from some of the 
Trustees. So the deed may be somewhat shorter than that. 

M r . Wendell, 1 Magin's Son in Law tells me his Father has 
been up, and that the Indians, on Account of the present Situa- 
tion of Affairs, choose to defer the Survey till the Fall. If so, I 
believe I may say farewell to my Share in it (w ch . is considerable) 
as I shall hardly care to advance for Gov rs . Fees 150. And if 
M r . Hardy should incline to give me them, w ch . I have no Reason 
to expect (especially as his Brother in Law is to act as his Secre- 
tary) yet it would be a disagreable Circumstance to be laid 
under so great an Obligation to him as a Stranger; when I flat- 
tered myself to receive it as a recompence for the little Services 
I have done this Gentleman (I mean Gov DeLancey) who as I 
told you, said he would take no Fees of me, and inter nos it is 
the only Gratuity I expect. You see then how much it is my 
Interest to desire your good offices to get it surveyed immedi- 
ately which I doubt not at your Request the Indians will comply 
with; for admit most of them may be engaged in the Service, 
they can depute some of their elder Men or those who they agree 
to leave behind, to see it done. And they can have the less 
objection to this, as the Bargain is so well understood: For my 
own part I'd rather have it done now, & loose a third of the Pur- 
chase, than have it defer'd till the Fall: and tho it should suit 
M r . Magin as well then, it will not me: Nor shall I consent to 
have it done then, be the Consequence what it will I therefore 



1 Henry I. Wendell. 



534 Sir William Johnson Papers 

repeat my request to you: there is just time enough to do it in, 
and I write to Magin about it now and if he should not incline 
to have it done, yet I suppose he will have no objection If I 
advance the Money w ch . if necessary I beg you to do for me, 
and if you should want it, draw on me and I will pay your draft 
immediately, but I hardly expect he will choose to leave it to the 
Fall as M r . Wendell told me his Father intended to go up again 
quickly. I dont care much who surveys it so he knows what he's 
about. I shall get Shuckburgh's done, and the Indians may be 
agreed with afterwards. 

To return to Politicks: M r . Shirley has wrote the Gov r . a 
Letter full of sly insinuations and greatly to M r . DV disad- 
vantage I believe when he reads the latter's Answer, he'll be 
more sparing of those sort of Reflections for the future. 2 In 
speaking in favour of the Destination of the Jersey Forces His 
Excy. says: The French will either make a Stand at Niagara, or 
they will not : & if they should not then the main Corps of Forces 
at Niagara, may soon join those at C. P l : He does not know it 
seems the distance is near 500 miles. The Letter was read in 
Council but 'tis too long to enumerate more particulars now: 
however I observe by it you are to have the 1 3 Inch Mortar. In 
another Letter M r . Shirley expresses his Concern & Surprise that 
Gov r . DeLancey had not furnished you with an Impress War- 
rant. It was sent you by Cap 1 . Bradstreet, to whom I gave it to 
deliver it to M r . Wraxell who was to have gone with him but was 
left behind. I delivered an r . to Cap*. Bradstreet for himself and 
M r . Alex r . is furnished with another. The Governor bids me to 
tell you, you shall want for nothing it is in his Power to grant: 
how far the condition may extend I cant tell. But I really 
believe him heartily disposed to favour you, tho he is I judge a 



1 Governor DeLancey. 

2 For differences between Governor Shirley and Governor De Lancey, 
consult Shirley to De Lancey, May 26, 1 755, Shirley to Governor Morris, 
May 28, 1755, and Shirley to De Lancey, June 1, 1755, Pennsylvania 
Archives, ser. 1, 2:326-28, 330-31, 338-43. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 535 

little displeased at M r . Shirley's Treatment of him. I dont forget 
your Reflecting Telescope. I am S r . 

Your most obed*. h ble . Servant 

Gw BANYAR 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON : May 23 d . 1 755 

Letter from M r . Banyar 



TO BENJAMIN STODDERT 

A. Df. S. 

May 23, 1755. 
SIR 

The great Hurry of business I have had er'e Since my arrival 
here, has prevented my writing You Sooner, all I can now Say 
is that I have a few Blank Commissions for those whom I find 
qualified for the Indian Service, and have an Influence over them. 
I propose engaging as Many of y e . five Nations as I possibly can 
imediately to Join me, for which End I have Sent two Inter- 
preters to call the five Nations to a General Meeting at my House 
as Soon as may be. If you think it would be worth your while 
to engage in this Service I would Give You a Capt ns . Commission 
to command a party of Indians, they are not to go a Scalping 
as in the late War, only to March with me where ever I go. In 
this Case I would have you lodge what goods you have of Mine 
in the hands of Capt n . Broadstreet, 1 or whoever may be Commds. 
Officer there at the time, takeing His receipt and bringing me 
an Exact list of them, As for Small or fine goods you had 
better bring down, I will take them again. If you come 
down with this intent you should bring as many Indians with 
you as possible, makeing them promise to go any where 
with you. I think you may get Several Volunteers, let them 
bring their Arms, pray tell M r . Thomas Butler, and Jona- 
than Stevens I will give each of them the same encouragem*. 



1 John Bradstreet, afterward colonel. 



536 Sir William Johnson Papers 

provided they come down imediately on the receipt of this ; and 
as they come down they are to get as many Young Ind ns . as they 
possibly can, to engage with them, & bring them down in order 
to march with me whereever I go. 

I intend to march in 3 Weeks time at furthest, the best way 
to engage Indians, is to Secure in y r . Interest y c . head Warriours 
who can bring their party along with them I am much hurried 
now so have only time to bid you Farewell, let me have your, & 
their Answer by the Bearer, and let me know whether the 
Ondaga Ind n . called Corn Milk has lately passed Oswego going 
to Canada; if he has forward him on his return to me with all 
dispatch. 

Y. 

W.J. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: May 23 d . 1755. 

Coppy of a letter to 

Benj. Stoddart 

Tho 8 . Butler & J n . Stevens 



FROM BENNING WENTWORTH* 
A. L. S. 

Portsmouth May 23 d 1755 
SIR 

Your Esteemed favour of the 5 th Instant I have now before 
me; your being appointed Commander in Chief of the forces 
raised in the Colony of New York for the Expedition intended 



1 Banning Wentworth was born in Portsmouth, N. H., in 1 696, and 
died there in 1 770. He was a member of the assembly, king's councilor, 
and from 1741 to 1767 governor of the province. He was a graduate 
of Harvard College and a patron of Dartmouth. His grants of land 
west of the Connecticut river were the source of a long controversy involv- 
ing the territorial rights of New York and New Hampshire and the claim 
of Vermont to independent existence. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 537 

against Crown Point, is very agreable to me, & I shall be ready 
to Joyn with His Majestys other Governors, in your apointment 
to the Chief Command of the forces raised in my Government 
for that Service, or, make out a Seperate Commission, either of 
which will be most Eligible to you; which shall be transmitted, 
as soon as I know your mind in this matter. 

The Grant made by the Assembly of this Province was five 
hundred men officers Included, which is double the Quota, as it 
was formerly Established, but the Commissioner of, & from the 
Massachusets, Assureing the Assembly that the Southern Gov- 
ernments would Subsist the Forces raised here, and provide all 
Necessary Warlike Stores relative to the Expedition, they readily 
came into the Grant of five hundred men, & I have the troops 
ready for Service; as I have been particularly carefull in raising 
these troops, I am hopeing the regiment will be as usefull as any 
that goes in the Service. 

I moved the Assembly to make a Suitable provision for you, 
as Commander in Chief of the Forces raised for the Expedition 
in which there will be no difficulty, as Soon as it is known what 
grants any of the other Governments make, for their guidance 
in the affair. 

vl have not the least prospect of obtaining any Grant from the 
Assembly, for Artillery, or warlike Stores, nor even for Battos, 
unless I consent to Shorten the grant of five hundred men, to 
two hundred & fifty, which in my opinion will be a greater Injury 
to the Expedition, than to be deficient in the proportion this 
Province in Justice ought to bear, in Ordnance Stores, the whole 
regiment being made up of men inured to hardships, and bred 
in the woods, for which Reason they are averse to the Sea, & 
make it their Choice to march by Land & Joyn the Army at the 
Place of General Rendesvouz near Crown point Fort; both 
officers & men haveing made this their Choice, the Com tee : of war 
have made no provision for transports, but have provided Carts 
Oxen & baggage horses for the march by land, to Connecticut 



538 Sir William Johnson Papers 

river, from whence they will be able to Joyn the main Army in 
four days. I am with great respect, S r 

Your most obedient hum bl Servant 

B WENTWORTH 

P. S. I have no prospect of procureing Ingineers, or any 
proper persons, that will be usefull in manageing the Artiliry. 

B. W., 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: May 23 d . 1 755 

Gov r . Wentworths 

Letter 
rec d . June 14 th . 1755 

FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 

A. L. S. 
SlR Saturday 24 May 1755 

I have nothing to add to my Letter I wrote two or three days 
ago Except what I then forgot, which is that M r . Shirley has 
again applyed for the other 2 1 2pdrs brass and if he will send 4 
Iron 24pdrs he is to have them They are making for them & the 
other 12 pounders such Carriages as I have described in my 
Letter. Col Pepperel arrived here yesterday afternoon ; and 
M r . Shirley's Reg*, are expected here the next week. This day 
or Monday next the Batoes will be finished, But where are the 
Massachusets, N Hampshire, & the 1 00 for the Train to be built. 
If you had more Gun Powder even to the Guns we know you 
are to have, it wo'd be better which must be applyed for to the 
other Gov ts . who are to furnish the Train. Pray dont forget to 
assist me all you can in getting Magin's Purchase survey 'd 
I am S' 



Gw BANYAR 

ADDRESSED: To The Hono ble William Johnson Esq r . 

at Mount Johnson 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : May 24 th . 1 755 

Letter 
from M r . Banyar 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 539 

SOME HINTS FOR A COMMANDING OFFICER 

May 24, 1755 

It may be needless to observe that a Commanding officer setting 
out without a Sufficiency of Provisions and Stores, is going to 
work without Tools, of all which the utmost care is to be taken, 
and well guarded, because a sudden supply will be difficult, if 
not impossible. 

Make sure of a safe retreat in case of accidents; the Battle is 
not always to the strong 

If you gain a Victory, be more upon your guard. 

If you loose dont despair. 

Let nothing ruffle your Temper, be always cool, happen what 
will. 

Let no disappointment cool your Courage, but on the Contrary 
exert yourself the more, disappointments create experience, and 
this an officer. 

At no time shew any diffidence or fear in your Countenance. 

By all means get the esteem and affection of your officers and 
Men, but they ought at the same time to know you Command; 
there is a difference between power and authority. 

Distinguish a brave man, and reward a gallant action upon 
the spot. 

Be carefull of your sick men, and visit them some times your 
self. 

Spare no cost for Intelligence. 

Do not go to sleep till your Camp is well secured, and this you 
must see yourself. 

Do not encamp but where the water is good. 

When you make presents to the Indians let them be such as 
will be most acceptable to their Wives and Mistresses. 

That all Prisoners especially Indians be sent to New York, 
you will find the benefit of it in the Event. 

You may have occasion for Irons for some sort of Prisoners. 



540 Sir William Johnson Papers 

% 

Carry with you a few Conck Shells, if a party should be dis- 
persed, or a Man lost in the woods, the shell will let them know 
where they are, and will be heard as far as a Gun, and further 
than a Drum, by either of which they may be deceived; by the 
other they cannot, as it is not very probable the enemy will carry 
any thing of that kind. 

If you should come to a Parly get Hostages as soon as you 
can. 

The hours of a Parley are dangerous for Surprizes. 

Prayers have often a good effect, especially among New 
England men, a well gifted New England Parson, might there- 
fore be an usefull implement. 

Great care to be taken about your out Sentries, especially in 
the Night, and each to have a watchfull Dog, and supported by 
other Out Guards. 

A General officer must keep a good Table. 

Engage in no Action of importance without the advice of a 
Council of War; and let every thing, and every one's opinion, be 
carefully noted, this will Justify you upon all occasions. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: 
May 24 1 755. 

Copyed from the original in M r . Kennedy's * hand Writing. 
Some Hints for a Commands Officer. 



FROM WILLIAM SHIRLEY 

L. S. 

Boston, May 24 ih . 1755 
SIR, 

Yesterday I received your Packet dated at Mount Johnson 
the 1 6 th : Instant by Express. 

I am intirely of your Opinion with regard to the Indian Offi- 
cers, and will lose no time in pressing the several Governm ts : 



Archibald Kennedy, sr. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 541 

concern'd forthwith to make the needfull Provision for their Pay 
in the manner proposed by you ; as also for defraying the Expence 
of engaging and maintaining the Indians in the English Interest, 
by fix'd Funds, and giving you an absolute Power to draw upon 
them for that Service according to their respective proportions; 
which is doubtless necessary to be done. 

The Assembly of my own Province was dissolv'd before my 
Arrival here, and a New one can't meet by the Charter before 
the 28 Instant; I will then obtain a positive and explicit Answer 
from them in the particular you desire ; I have no reason to doubt 
of it's being satisfactory to you: I will also let the other Gov- 
ernments concern'd except that of New York (w ch : M r : 
DeLancey will do) know the absolute Necessity there is of their 
coming to an immediate Determination in these Points, and 
making a certain Provision by some fix'd Fund accordingly; and 
I think with you, this may be best done by communicating to 
them the proper paragraphs of your Letter to me, & enforcing 
them with Arguments drawn from the reasonableness & Necessity 
of the Thing. 

The 800 must, as you observe, be apply 'd to making a Pres- 
ent to the Indians; and I am sensible the Remainder of the 
2000. will soon be exhausted in the Articles mention'd in your 
Letter. 

I have already let you know that I shall answer your Drafts 
for what may be necessary over and above the money advanc'd 
to you by General Braddock for carrying on and supporting the 
Alliance with the six Nations, pursuant to the General's Order to 
me for that Purpose. 

I know the Difficulties, you must be under in reclaiming the 
almost lost Affections of the six Nations to the English and engag- 
ing them in the present Service ag sl : the thousand Artifices of the 
French; But I can't but be perswaded, from the Knowledge I 
have of your Influence over them, & the Talents you have for 
effecting this most important Business, that you will surmount 
them, & do your King and Country the desir'd Service. 



542 Sir William Johnson Papers 

The Progress you have already made, and the scheme for 
satisfying their Minds with Regard to the fortifying of Oswego, 
w ch . is a most necessary thing, give me great Satisfaction: You 
will not forget to engage some good Indians to meet me at 
Oswego. 

' I doubt not but that the Carriages & everything belonging to 
the Artillery design'd for the Service under your Command, are 
rotten and unfit for Service; and shall accordingly take Care to 
have new ones made ; a large Number of Workmen are on their 
Way to Albany from Boston, to make this Government's Battoes; 
I shall press the other Governments to take the same Care: and 
will use the like Endeavours for having all the Military Stores 
provided in time : and that the Companies shall be sent to Albany 
as they are compleated ; I will take particular Care of the eight 
Articles mentioned in one of your inclos'd papers : Your Observa- 
tion in the 8 th : Article upon one of my Instructions is right/ 

I shall not lose a day for pushing on all Preparations, and the 
marching of the Forces to Albany ; and shall write to you again 
in a few Days ; when I hope, I shall be able to mention the Time 
of my coming to Albany. 

You will make the utmost Dispatch on your part with regard 
to your Business with the Indians, and giving the necessary 
Orders concerning the Provincial Forces as they shall arrive at 
Albany. 

The fixing of a proper Allowance by the several Colonies, I 
shall particularly have at Heart. 

The Intelligence contain'd in another of your inclos'd Papers 
is of great Service. 

You will have, if New York raises their 800 Men, and the 
Colony of Connecticut their design'd Augmentation, as I hope 
they will both, 4,700 Men beside the Indians for the Expedition 
against Crown point^ 

I am with much Truth and Esteem, sir, 

Your faithfull Humble Servant, 

W SHIRLEY 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 543 

WILLIAM SHIRLEY TO JAMES DE LANCEY 1 
Attested extract 

Boston, May 25 lh : 1755 
SIR 

I flatter my self that upon the perusal of the two inclosed 
paragraphs of General Johnson's and M r . Alexander's Letters, 
Your Honour will think that it is absolutely necessary for your 
Government to take some immediate step for preventing the mis- 
chievous effects of the pernicious intercourse between the French 
Indians and Albany at this juncture; from whence it can't be 
doubted but that the French of Canada have constant intelligence 
given them by the latter of every motion of the English, than 
which nothing can have a greater tendency to disappoint his 
Majesty's service in every part of the present Expedition, par- 
ticularly in the designed attempt for the Reduction of the French 
Forts at Niagara, and securing the principal pass on the Lakes 
against them upon their possession of which depends much their 
holding the Territories which they have seized upon there, and 
which likewise hath a strong tendency even to endanger the 
important Fort at Oswego, within your own Government 
f I beg leave therefore to desire your Honour's immediate con- 
sideration of proper measures to prevent the French Indians from 
coming into the government of New York at present, and for 
securing those which are there now, from returning to Canada 
until the Circumstances of his Majesty's service and the safety of 
his Colonies will admit of ity It seems clear to me that these 
Indians being permitted to come from Canada to Albany or 
return from thence to Canada at this Juncture must be at least 
as dangerous, if not more so, than to suffer the French Subjects 
belonging to Cape Breton to come into or to depart out of our 
Colonies now, all whom it has been thought necessary to put 
under a Restraint for some time. I am perswaded your Honour 
upon this occasion will have no dependence on the late Treaty 

1 Inclosed in De Lancey to Johnson, June 7, 1 755, q. v. 



544 Sir William Johnson Papers 

Q 

of Neutrality made between the Cagnawaga Indians and Com- 
missioners for Indian affairs at Albany, even with respect to the 
Government of New York; As to the King's Subjects of his 
other Colonies which your Honour seems to think, in one of your 
Letters to me, are included in this Treaty: upon the perusal of 
the Copy of it which you sent me, I am far from thinking it prob- 
able, that those Indians understand it to extend to any other 
Colony than that of New York: which I know are the Senti- 
ments likewise of others who have seen it: and even if those 
Indians did understand it otherwise, I cant think any Reliance 
is to be had upon it now. 

Win. Shirley. 

The Hono ble JAMES DELANCEY, Esq. 
Extract Exam d By Gw. BANYAR, D S Con. 

INDORSED BY JOHNSON: Extracts of Gov r . Shirleys Letter 
to Gov r . Delancey concerning the Coghnawages 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 
A. L. S. 

Nev> York 27 May 1755. 
SIR 

I was a good deal disappointed in not hearing from you by 
the Sloop 1 Silvestre the French Deserter came hither in; he 
arrived yesterday & was examined in Council in the afternoon, 
I inclose you a Copy of his Examination, with which, and a 
Letter from L l Holland, an Express was dispatched to be for- 
warded to the General from Philadelphia. The Gov r . is informed 
you sent it to him by an Indian Express, but it was thought nec- 
essary to send it this way too, especially as you had not acquainted 
Gov r . DeLancey you had already sent it. Both himself and the 
Gentlemen of the Council, M r . Kennedy in particular, express'd 
some Surprise that you had not wrote a Line at least to acquaint 



1 The sloop that carried Sylvestre from Albany to New York. 



Preliminary Campaigns, 1755-1756 545 

them with the Disposition of the Indians, & how far you might rely 
on assistance from them. If you'l indulge me in the ffreedom of 
giving my opinion, I really think this Government have a claim, 
tho not of the Management, yet to know what is done in Indian 
Affairs, which are altogether transacted within the Province, and 
as they have so great an Interest in them, the Contrary opinion 
is not to be supported by good Arguments. I mentioned that 
perhaps you'd not yet been able to sound their Sentiments, & 
chose therefore to defer writing till you could do it with certainty 
A Line from you at least it was said might have been expected. 
All the News I Iiear, is that Gov r . Shirley is preparing to leave 
Boston, from whence their Eastern Forces are actually sailed I'm 
told. But there's not a Word about the Boston Batoes, or those 
for the Train. I send the Papers and am Sir 

Your most obd*. humble Servant 

Gw BANYAR 

ADDRESSED: To the Hono ble . William Johnson Esq r . at Mount 

Johnson. 
INDORSED BY JOHNSON : N York May 27 th . 1 755 

Banyars letter & part of my 
Answer 1 to him. 



FROM GOLDSBROW BANYAR 

A L S 

28 May 1755 
SIR 

I have just time to send you the inclosed just reced from 
on board Griffiths I was glad to see your lure to the Gov r . 
of the 1 5 this Month, which will convince him you were not so 
negligent as he apprehended He sent it to me two hours ago 
to be laid before the Council who met at the City Hall desiring 
their Advice what part to communicate to the Assembly, they 



1 See Johnson to Banyar [June 2?, 1755]. 
18 



546 Sir William Johnson Papers 

think the whole, but leave it to him. The Assembly met yester- 
day & the Gov r . in his Message recommended to them the sev- 
eral particulars mentioned in M r . Shirleys Letter of which I 
sent you an Account And that they would furnish you with a 
Sum to defray your Expences And he tells them he thinks all 
the Provinces should make you appointments suitable to your 
Rank and Station My Compliments to M r . Wraxall No 
Boston Batoes yet, I am afraid by the manner of M r . Shirley's 
taking Notice of your not being furnished with a press Warrant 
for Batoes &c he thinks of pressing them at Albany A good 
Joke if he does Excuse the paper I write this upon it lay next 
to me & I am much hurryed I shall wait patiently til I hear 
from you And am S r . 

Your most obed*. humble Servant 

G w BANYAR 
Do you think the 
Persons in Albany 
will fill their Comp s . 
soon The Gov r . writes to 
'em now It